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Full text of "The Virginia magazine of history and biography"

REYNOL»S HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01740 4770 



GENEALOGY 
975.5 
V82385 
1924 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/virginiamagazine1924bruc 



THE 



VIRGINIA MAGAZINE 



OF 



HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY 




Published Quarterly by 
THE VIRGINIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

FOR THE 

YEAR ENDING DECEMBER 31, 1924 



VOL. XXXII 



RICHMOND, VA. 

HOUSE OF THE SOCIETY 

707 E. FRANKLIN ST. 



7 9 8 7 3^ 



PUBLICATION COMMITTEE 

E. V. VALENTINE 
C. V. MEREDITH 



Editor of the Magazine 
WILLIAM G. STANARD 



OLD DOMINION PRESS, INC., PRINTERS 
RICHMOND, VA. 



:-'.u^ 



X :'ei2Sv 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Albemarle County Marriages 365 

Book Reviews 105, 203 

Braddock's Army, With. Mrs. Browne's Diary in Virginia and 

Maryland. Contributed and edited by Fairfax Harrison 305 

Clergy, The Virginia Colonial, Governor Gooch's Letters to the 
Bishop of London, 1727-49. Edited by Rev. G. M. Brydon....209, 321 

Council Journals, Virginia, 1726-53 i, 113, 327, 370 

Detroit, The Proposed Expedition Against, 1778. By David L 

Bushnell, Jr _ 65 

Genealogy : 

Clement, Clements, Clemens, 292 ; Hancock, 413 ; Har- 
rison (James River), 97, 199, 298, 404; Royall, 411; 
Saunders (Princess Anne) — 92 

Illustrations : 

Ampthill, Chesterfield County 254a, 256a 

Berkeley, Exterior, two views, 96a ; Interior, two 
views, 98a ; Inscribed Walls at, three views, looa ; 

views about 1830 404a 

Blair House, Williamsburg 384a 

Brandon, Garden Front, 198a ; Garden Front 
(close), 200a; Great Pecan Tree in Garden, 202a; 
Parlor (Incorrectly called Shirley Parlor), 52a; 

Hall 200a 

Byrd, William (II), of Westover, 6a; Armorial 

book-plate 26a 

Carter, John, of Shirley, 48a ; Robert of Corotoman, 

Frontispiece, January Magazine ^'' 

Christ Church, Lancaster Co., Interior i8a 

Dandridge, William 23Ga l' 

Detroit, Proclamations in Regard to Expedition 

against, 1778 64a, 68a 

Digges, Cole, Tomb of 46a 

Elsing Green, King William Co., Two views 2a 

Gooch, Major William, Tomb of - 124a 

Harrison, Benjamin, "The Signer" 298a, 302a 

Meade, David, pMoa, Susanna wife of 142a ^' 

Page, Mann, of Rosewell 38a I' 

Randolph, Peyton, President of Congress, 102a; y^ 



IV TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Illustrations — Cont'd : 

Elizabeth (Harrison) wife of, 104a; Sir John, 

136a; Susanna, wife of 138a 

Robertson House, Chesterfield county _ 54a 

Rosewell 42a 

Shirley, 50a; Pigeon House at looa 

Tuckahoe, 390a ; View from Garden, 3C)2a ; Stair- 
way _ 394a 

Westover, 22a; view made about 1830, 408a; North 
Gate, 30a ; West Gate, 34a ; Tombs in old church 

yard at, two views .....: 36a 

Wilton, Middlesex, Fire-place at 6oa 

Kennon Letters 76, 159, 265, 344 

Notes and Queries _ 88, 188, 288, 401 

Quit Rent Rolls, Virginia, 1704: 

King William, 69; King and Queen, 144; Gloucester 281, 338 

Revolution, Virginia State Troops in 183, 360 

Virginia Gleanings in England (wills). Contributed by Reginald 
M. Glencross 175, 260, 351 

Virginia Historical Society, List of officers and members, Jan., 1924 

January Magazine 




RoHKKT CaUTKK OK L\)k()Tl) M A N . 



THE 



Virginia Magazine 



OF 



HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY 



Vol. XXXII. January, 1924 No. i 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS, 1726-1753 



Vol. 605 — 1418. 



(From the Transcripts in the Public Record Office, 

London.) 

[This Society is indebted to Mr. Fairfax Harrison for 
photostatic copies of these journals, which will be, beginning 
with this issue, printed in our ^Magazine. It is evident that 
the first five pages of the transcript are missing. 

The journals cover one of the most important periods of 
our Colonial history. When they begin the movement from 
tidewater westward was commencing. In the year in which 
they end the English and French were about to come into 
conflict on the Ohio. The period includes the administration 
of Robert Carter, William Gooch, John Robinson, Thomas 
Lee, Lewis Burwell (all but Gooch's, short terms as acting 
governors) and Robert Dinwiddie. Extracts from the jour- 
nals between the dates given have been published in this mag- 
azine, and edited in a very scholarly way by Mr. Charles E. 
Kemper, of Staunton, Va. When his notes are used in the 
future they will be indicated by the letter K.] 



2 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

No longer be answerable for any Accident that may happen 
thereto. 

Richard Fitz William* Esq"" Present 

A petition of James Taylor' Surveyor of Spotsylvaniaf 
County setting forth that the dividing Line between that County 
& Hanover is very much confused by the cutting down of the 
Trees which were marked by the pef when he run the said Line 
and praying the directions of this Board therein is Referred till 
next Council. 

A petition of William Park" Printer and Stationer praying 
he may have a Priviledge to print the Laws of this Colony — 
Read and Referred till next Council. 

At a Council held at Williamsburg the first day of February, 

1726. 

Present 

The Hon'''* Robert Carter" Esq-" President 
William Byrd' Peter Beverley' 

Mann Page'" John Carter" & 

Cole Digges' John Grymes' Esq"" 

Gen' Assembly Ordered That the General Assembly which 
prorogued now stands prorogued to the fifteenth of this 

month be further prorogued to Thursday the 
11'" day of May next: And that Proclamations issue accord- 
ingly. 

The President laid before the Council a Letter from his 
Grace the Duke of Newcastle His Majesties Principal Secretary 
of State, dated the 12'" day of September last Signifying his 
Majesties Approbation of the Presidents taking upon him the 
Administration of this Government on the death of the late 

* Richard Fitzwilliam was a member of the Virginia Council from 
1725 to 1732, wlicn he died or returned to England. 

t The act estabhshing the County of Spotsylvania was passed at the 
session of November, 1720 (Hcning IV, ■/■/). That establishing Han- 
over was passed at the same session, but is given by title only in 
Hening IV, 95. 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 3 

Governor, and the Suspension of Edm"* JeningsJ Esq'' Which 
Letter was read at the Board. 

Governor On reading at this Board a Letter from his 

Burnett's Excellency Will" Burnett* Esq' Governor of 

letter & the New York, together with a Transcript of a 

Excuses late Conference between him and the Sachims 

of the 5 of the five Nations, touching a Complaint made 

\ Natives from hence of a murder committed by some 

f for a Mur- of their Nation on one of the Inhabitants of 

I der Com'' this Colony last Summer : At which Conference 

i last the said Sachims acknowledged that the said 

Summer murder was Committed by Some of their peo- 

; pie in conjunction with some French Indians & 

Tuscaruras who they pretend were in pursuit of certain Indian 

, Enemys who fled toward the house of the person murdered : 

[ and that thereupon their Indians in firing killed the said person 

. by mistake and hop'd that this Gov' would excuse it. 

i . — 

t On the death of Governor Hugh Drysdale, on July 22, 1726, Ed- 
mund Jenings was entitled by seniority to become President of the 
Council and Acting Governor, but 'being suspended Colo. Robert Carter 
took upon him the administration of the government as president of the 
Council" (Hening IV). Col. Jenings was suspended by the Council 
because it was thought he was too much enfeebled by age to hold the 
place of Governor. There is a good deal about this matter in Sains- 
bury's MSS. Calendar of State Papers, Colonial, in the Virginia State 
Library. 

* William Burnet was eldest son of Bishop Burnet and was a godson 
of William of Orange. He was Governor of New York and New 
Jersey, 1720-1728, and afterwards Governor of Massachusetts. Gov- 
ernor Burnet's daughter, Mary, married William Browne, of Salem, 
Mass. Their eldest son, William Burnet Browne, married, in 1763, 
Judith, daughter of Charles Carter, of "Cleve," King George County, 
Va., and removed to that colony, where he purchased "Elsing Green," 
King William County. His tomb at that place states that he was born 
at Salem, Octo!)er 7, 1738, and died in King William County, May 6, 
1784. He had three children (i) Mary, married Herbert Claiborne; 
(2) Elizabeth Carter, married John Bassett; (3) Judith Carter, married 
Robert Lewis. William Burnet Claiborne, eldest son of Herbert and 
Mary Claiborne, assumed the name of Browne. Many portraits of the 
Burnets and Brownes were formerly at "Elsing Green", and also 
tapestry given by William of Orange, to William Burnet. 



4 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

The Council taking the same into consideration 
Resolution are of opinion that the Treaty of Peace made 

of the with the said Northern Indians will be ren- 

Council dered altogether ineffectual if such excuses as 

thereon, this shall be accepted for the murder of his 

Majesties Subjects, since these Indians may 
always find the like pretence for Coming into this Government 
contrary to the Express Wortls of the Treaty: And that there- 
fore it is fitt that the Governor of New York be desired to 
interpose his Authority with the said Indians for obliging them 
to deliver up the person or persons guilty of the said murder 
in order to be punished as the Crime deserves. And it is Or- 
dered that a Letter be prepared accordingly. 

Whereas the Ship Tayloe of Bristol, John Herd, Master, 
bound for this Colony was in December last, drove ashoar in 
North Carolina and the said Master with divers of the Mariners 
not heard of : Whereupon those of the Crew who escaped the 
said Shipwreck have been taken upon suspition of murdering 
the said Master. It is Ordered that the several persons who 
were present at the examination of the Boats and Carpenter 
of the said Ship at Yorktown be summoned to attend this Board 
tomorrow to testify their knowledge in the matter aforesaid. 

February the 2^ 1726 

Present 
As Yesterday 

Complaint of A letter from Nathaniel Harrison* Esq-^ to 

Sapony the President was this day read at the Board 

Indians Signifying that the Saponie Indians had Com- 

plained to him that a party of their Indians 

* Nathaniel Harrison, of "Wakefield," Surry County, had long repre- 
sented the government of the Colony in transactions with the Indians 
between the James, Appomattox and Roanoke. The Flandbook of 
A)ncrican Indians (Bureau of Ethnology), states that the Saponies 
were one of the Eastern Siouan tribes, though the name was occa- 
sionally applied to the whole group of Fort Christiana tribes, also 
occasionally included under Tutelo. The earliest notice of them (1670), 
shows that their village was apparently on Otter River, southwest of 
Lynchburg. Later the Saponi and Tutelo removed to the junction of 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 5 

being lately hunting on Roanoak River were attacked in the 
night by the Tuscaruro Indians who live in the Province of 
North Carolina and seven of the said Saponies killed or taken 
prisoners : And that the Saponies desire the same satisfaction 
to be made to them, as this Government obliged them to make 
to the Tuscaruros on the like occasion, of delivering up the 

Murderers. It is the opinion of this Board 
Message that a Letter be written to the Governor of 

thereon North Carolina, Requesting him to cause the 

to the desired Satisfaction to be given to the Saponie 

Tuscaruros Indians our Tributarys And that he order his 

Interpretor to accompany to the Tuscaruro 
Town the Messenger sent by this Government to demand the 
delivery of the Indians Concerned in this murder And Coll" 
Harrison is desired to employ a proper person to go on this 
Message. 

New Commissions of the Peace for the Countys of West- 
moreland and Charles City, were this day Ordered to be made 
out pursuant to the Application of the Justices of the said 
Countys. 

Examination This Board having examined divers Wit- 

Concerning nesses touching the Piracy and Murder where- 

the Crew of with the Mate and others of the Crew of the 
the Tayloe Ship Tayloe of Bristol have been accused : And 

of Bristol having considered the pretended Evidence 

given to the Court of Richmond County with 
the examination of Jesper Parsons the Mate there taken. Are 
of opinion that the Committment of the said Jesper Parsons by 
the Justices of the Court of Richmond is illegal and void, since 
the Crime for which he stands Committed if it had been proved 

Dan and Staunton rivers. In 1701-1703, they had again removed and 
were living on the Yadkin, in North Carolina, but about 1704 or 1705 
they took refuge in Virginia, being no longer strong enough to make 
head against both Northern and Southern tribes, among whom formerly 
they had made havoc. About 1712, Governor Spotswood placed them 
at Fort Christiana, near the present Gholsonville, Brunswick County. 
About 1740 the Saponi and Tutelo went North and in 1753, were form- 
erly adopted by the Cayuga, thus becoming a part of the Six Nations. 
A remnant of the Saponi was still living in 1780, with the Cayuga on 
Seneca River in Senaca County, New York. 



6 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

is not tryable at Common Law but by the Commissioners ap- 
pointed for Tryal of Piracy : And there appearing no Evidence 

to charge the said Mate or any other of the 
Mate Crew with Piracy or other Ofifence, It is Or- 

discharged dered that the said Jesper Parsons be dis- 

out of charged out of Custody. But whereas divers 

Custody pieces of Plate and other things of small value 

were found upon some of the said Crew, and 
owned by them to have been taken out of the said Ship for their 
necessary subsistence in their Journey over land to this Colony, 
It is Ordered that the same remain in the hands of the Under 
Sherif of York County untill further directions from this 
Board : to the end the persons claiming a property in the same 
may have time to make out this Right. 

Petition On motion of William Robertson* setting 

for Land forth that John Baylorf late of the County of 

King and Queen deceased, sometime about the 
year 1709 Surveyed 1500 acres of Land in the said County ad- 
joining to a Tract entered for by Richard Buckner'" and Larkin 
Chew", gent — and afterwards purchased out of their Entry 
3.000 acres more, but never sued out any Patent for the same, 
And praying that he may have leave to enter for the said Lands. 
It is Ordered that Robert Baylor & Augustine Moor, Gents 
Guardian to the Son and Heir of the said John Baylor dec'd. 
have notice to attend this Board at the next Court of Oyer & 
Terminer to shew cause why the pef ought not to be admitted to 
an Entry for the said Lands. 

David Bray"^ Gent by his petition setting forth divers undue 
practices of Daniel Hornby'" and Thomas Beal'* to deceive this 
Board in the valuation of the improvements pretended to be 

* This William Robertson was clerk of the Council. It is believed 
that a record, not now accessible, shows that his only child was a 
daughter. Therefore, he was not the William Robertson, ancestor of 
Governor Wyndham Robertson. 

t John Baylor, of Gloucester, and afterwards of King and Queen, a 
merchant and planter in extensive business. For an account of the 
family illustrated with portraits, see Va. Magazine of History and 
Biography, VI, I97-I99, 307-309; XXI, 89-95, 193-195; XXIV, 3(^7-373', 

XXV, 314-323. 




WlI.MA.M livUll (II) OF WkSTOVKK. 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 7 

made on the Land taken up by them in Spotsylvania County, 
and since granted to the said Bray, And praying reHef therein. 
It is Ordered that the said Hornby & Beal do attend this Board 
on the sixth day of the next General Court, till which time the 
Consideration of the said petition is referred. 

The following petitions for taking up land were read and 
granted viz : To Charles Chiswell'" 4000 acres in Hanover 
County on the South side the North River opposite Dugdales 
Run, and running up and down the River to include the quan- 
tity. 

To George Robertson" Clerk 1500 acres in Prince George 
County adjoining to a former Survey of his consisting of 600 
acres on Flatt Creek. 

To William Mayo'' 10,000 acres extending from Daniel 
Thomas's Line to Deep Creek on James River including his 
former Order for 3000 acres in Henrico County. 

At a Council held att Williamsburgh the first day of 
March, 1726 

Present 
The Hon'"^ Robert Carter Esq"" President 
Mann Page Peter Beverley 

Cole Digges John Carter & 

John Grymes Esq" 

Mr. Carter Mr. Christopher Robinson* Naval Officer of 

appointed Rappahannock River being lately dec'd. The 

Naval Ofif"^ President was pleased to inform the Board that 

of Rappa- he intended to appoint Robert Carter jun"" to 

hannock succeed in that Office if the Council have no 

Objection to him And the Council declaring 

* Christopher Robinson (1681-1727), of "Hcwick," Middlesex 
County. He was a Burgess for Middlesex, 1710, 1714, etc., and mar- 
ried, Octoher 12, 1703, Judith, widow of William Beverley, and before, 
of Corbin Griftin, and daughter of Christopher Wormley. Christopher 
Robinson was son of Christopher Robinson, Secretary of State of Vir- 
ginia, who was a brother of John Robinson, Bishop of London. 

A genealogy of this family of Robinson was published in this Maga- 
zine, XV, 445-449; XVI, 104-107. 215-217; XVII, 92-94. 205-209, 318, 
319, 429-432; XVIII, 104, 105, 226-229, 322-324, 448-450; XIX, 97-100. 



8 VIRGINIA HISTOKICAL MAGAZINE 

they have no objection to that appointment The said Rol^ert 
Carter jiin' is accordingly constituted Naval Officer and Re- 
ceiver of the Virginia Dutys within the said District. 

Oliver Segar"^ Gent is appointed Sherif of the County of 
Middlesex in the room of Christopher Robinson Gent lately 
deceased. 

A new Commission of the Peace for the County of Middle- 
sex with the addition of sundry new Justices, was this day 
ordered to be prepared for the President's signing. 

Hilary Moseley"* Gent was nominated Sherif of Princess 
Anne County in the room of Willoughby Merchant who hath 
made Oath of his incapacity to find Security for his discharge 
of that Office. 

His Majesties Receiver General Communicated to the Board 
a War't under his jMajesties Signmanuel dated the i8"' of April 
1726 directing the payment of ^55 12 out of the Revenue of 
Ouitt Rents to Peter Lehuep Gent And he also produced a Re- 
ceipt whereby it appears that the said sum was paid accord- 
ingly on the u'" of November last past. 

Letter A Letter from the Right hon'''* the Lords 

from the Comm'^ for Trade dated the 26'" of October, 

Lord Com'" acknowledging the receipt of the Presidents 

of trade Letter on occasion of the late Governors death 

read was read at the Board. 

At a Council held at Williamsburgh the 21"' day of April 1727 

Present 
The Hon""' Robert Carter Esq' President 

& William Byrd 
Nathan' Harrison 
Cole Digges 
Peter Beverley & 
Richard Fitz William Esq" 

Assembly It is the Opinion of this Board And ac- 

prorogued cordingly Ordered That the General Assem- 

till Sept, bly which stands prorogued to the ii'" day of 

May be further prorogued to W^ednesday the 



i! .'i: 



> '''Kj'ri 



\^\i l 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS Q 

6'" day of September next, And a proclamation was prepared 
accordingly. 

Proclamation Whereas the Inhabitants of this Colony have 

for a fast* for divers months past been visited with a vio- 

lent Sickness and very great mortality : And 

* Services of thanksgiving or of fasting and prayer (as they were 
more generally styled in Virginia), were not, as some people seem to 
think, peculiar to New Englanders. The difference was that their's 
was an annual general thanksgiving, which continued to exist, while 
those in the other colonies were special or occasional. In Virginia, in 
1623-4, an annual day of fast and prayer was ordered by the Assembly, 
and in 1644-5 it was enacted that one should be held every month. 
Whether this meant that our ancestors were more devout than the New 
Englanders or more conscious of their sins, must be left to conjecture. 

These early holy days were not merely expressions of thankfulness 
for b!e^^ings already received, and prayers for the granting of them 
in the future and for deliverance from evil; but were penetential in 
their nature. The body must be mortified by fasting, and pra\ers made 
for pardon, for these people believed that epidemics, tempests, wars and 
other calamities were God's direct punishment inflicted on them for 
their sins. 

It would require a much fuller investigation than time and space 
allow to obtain a full list of days of fast and prayer, and thanksgiv- 
ing in Virginia ; but examples are given. 

The earliest expressed thankfulness for the escape of so many of the 
colonists from the Indian Massacre of 1621-2. Following are the vari- 
ous enactments of the Assembly as shown in the first and second volumes 
of Hening's Staliitcs at Large of Virginia. 

"That the 22nd of March be ycerly solemnized as holliday, and all 
other hoUidays (except when they fall two together), betwixt the feast 
of the annunciation of the blessed virgin and St. Michael the arch- 
angell, then only the first to be observed by reason of our necessities." 
(March, 1623-4). 

"It is ordered, that the 22nd day of March be yearelie kept Holyday 
in commemoration of our deliverance from the Indians at the bloodie 
massaker which happened uppon the 22d of March 1621." (February, 
1631-2). 

"It is ordered. That the 22nd day of March be yearely kept Holy- 
day in commemoration of our deliverance from the Indians at that 
bloudie massacre which happened uppon the 22d of March 1621." (Sep- 
tember, 1632). 

"Be it enacted and confirmed by the authoritie of this Grand Assem- 
bly that the 22d day of March be yearly kept holy in commemoration 
of our deliverance from the Indians at the bloody massacre of the 22d 
March 162 1, And that the ministers of every parish give notice thereof 
to his parishioners the Sabbath day next before." (March, 1642-3). 

On April 18, 1644, a second massacre by the Indians led by (Dpecan- 
canough, and the war which followed gave fresh cause for prayer. 
The Assembly, at the session of February, 1644-5, directed that there 
be a monthly day of fast and prayer. 

"Be it enacted by the Governour, Counsell and Burgesses of this pres- 
ent Grand Assembly for God's glory and the publick benefitt of the 



10 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

considering that such pubhc Calaniitys require Solemn humili- 
ation and intercession with Almighty God : The President with 
the advice of the Council was pleased to Order As it is hereby 

collony, to the end that God might evert his heavie judgments that 
are now upon us, That the last Wednesday in every month be sett 
apart for a day of ffast and humiHation, And that it be wholy dedicated 
to prayers and preaching, And because of the scarcity of pastors, many 
ministers haveing charge of two cures, Be it enacted. That such a 
minister shall officiate in one cure upon the last Wednesday of every 
month ; And in his other cure upon the first Wednesday of the ensueing 
month. And in case of haveing three cures, that hee officiate in his 
third cure uppon the second W^ednesday of the ensueing month, which 
shall be their day of fast. That the last act made the ii of January, 
1641. concerning the ministers preaching in the fore-noon and catechise- 
ing in the afternoon of every Sunday be revived and stand in force. 
And in case any minister de faile so to doe. That he forfeit 500 pound 
of tobaccoe to be disposed of by the Vestrey for the use of the parish." 
(February, 1644-5). 

And at th esessions of March, 1657-8, the Assembly directed the ob- 
servance of holy days twice a year to commemorate the deliverance from 
both massacres : 

'"Bee it enacted and confirmed by the authoritie of this present Grand 
Assembly, That the two and twentieth day of March and the Eighteenth 
day of Aprill be yearly kept holie in commemoration of our deliverance 
from the Indians at the bloody massacres the 22d day of March, 1621 
and the eighteenth of Aprill, 1644, And that the ministers of everie 
pari-,h give notice thereof to the parishoners the Sabboth day next 
before." '(March, 1657-8). 

In 1660-1, new subjects for fasting and prayer had arisen, and the 
Assembly enacted the following: 

"Whereas, our late surrender and submission to the execrable power 
that soe bloodyly massacred the late king Charles the first of ever 
blessed and glorious memory, hath made us by acknowledging them, 
guilty of their crimes, to shew our serious and hearty repentance and 
detestation of that barbarous act, Bee itt enacted, that the 30th day of 
January the day the said king was beheaded be annually solemnized 
with fasting and prayers that our sorrowes may expiate our crime and 
our teares wash away our gilt." (March, 1660-1). 

This act was repeated, vcrbat{»i, in 1661-2. In 1663 a plot for an in- 
surrection by indentured servants, which was discovered in time, led to 
the following act : 

"Whereas it is evident that certaine mutinous villianes had entred into 
such a desperate conspiracy as had brought an inevitable ruyne to the 
country had not God in his infinite mercy prevented it, this grand as- 
sembly to testify their thanks to Almighty God for soe miraculous a 
preservation have enacted that the thirteenth of September, the day 
this villianous plott should have been putt into execution, be annually 
kept holy to keep the same in a perpetuall comemoration." (September, 

1633-)- 

At the session of September, 1668, another fast was decreed as 
follows : 

"Whereas the many sins of this country may justly provoke the 
anger of Almighty God against us, and draw down his judgments upon 
us, unless diverted by a timely and hearty repentance, the governour, 
councell and burgesses of this grand assembly takeing the same into 



f^-.'lH' vl>'*' .>'>v.y "jitl 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS II 

Ordered That Wednesday the lO'" day of May next be set 
apart and kept as a day of Solemn Fasting & humiliation 
throughout this Colony and that a Proclamation issue accord- 
ingly. 

their serious consideration, have enacted and doe by these presents enact 
that the 27th day of August next be sett apart for a day of humiha- 
tion, hereby strictly requireing all persons on that day to repaire to 
their respective parish churches, with fasting and prayers to implore 
Gods mercy and deprecate the evils justly impending over us; and be 
it further enacted that if any person or persons in Contempt thereof 
shall be found on that day working, gameing, or drinking (works 
of necessity only excepted), he or they soe offending, upon present- 
ment of the church warden, and proofe thereof made to the vestry 
shall be fined by them one hundred pounds of tobaccoe, halfe to the in- 
former, halfe to the poore of the parish, And it is further enacted that 
all ministers in the parishes where they reside be required to prepare 
themselves for the solemnizing that day." (September, 1668). 

"Whereas the many hainous and crying sins of the inhabitants of 
this country may justly provoke the anger of Almighty God against 
us, and drawe downe his judgments upon us unless diverted by a timely 
and hearty repentance ; the governour. councell and burgesses takeing 
the same i;uo their most serious consideration, have enacted, and doe 
by these presents enact, that the fourth day of May next be soienini.cd 
and sett apart for fasting and prayer to Almighty God for the pard>.'n 
and remission of our manifold sins, which already hath and yett may, 
if not sincerely repented of and forsaken, provoake his divine majestic 
to inflict his heavy judgments on us. And it be further enacted, that 
the twenty second of August be sett apart for a publique day of thanks- 
giving to Almighty God for his greate mercies towards us in delivering 
us from our late horrid distraction and rebellions, and subdueing the 
same. And it be further enacted, that all ministers be, and are hereby 
cnjoyned to read divine service, and to preach on those several! and 
respective dayes in their severall parish churches, etc." (February, 
1676-7). 

Through the remainder of the Colonial period there were many special 
days set apart for fasting, prayer and thanksgiving. In 1691 the sub- 
ject was the peaceful condition of the Colony. 

"By ye Rt. Hono'ble ye Lieut. Govern'r. A Proclamation appointing 
a Day of Humiliation and Fasting." 

It having pleased almighty God of his Infinite goodness and mercy 
to keepe this their ma"«s Dominion in peace when all ye neighbouring 
Collonys have been in great Disturbance and danger and ye Gen' 
Assembly for this Country being now assembled to consider ye best 
means to Secure ye peace thereof I Francis Nicholson Esq. their 
Maj""* Lieut. Gov of this their Maj"<^» Dominion by ye advice and 
Consent of ye Councill of State and Desire of Ye Gent, of ye house 
of Burgesses doe here by appoint that Satterday ye 25th this instant 
be sett apart as a day of humiliation and fasting for ye Gen" As- 
sembly and Inhabitants of James Citty humbly to implore divine as- 
sistance in directing this Gen" Assembly to make such good and whole- 
some laws as shall be for ye glory of God ye Honor of their Maj"<'» 
and security peace and safety of this their Maj"'^ Dominion and In- 
habitants thereof, and on fryday ye 8th day of May ye same be p'formed 
throughout ye whole Country and ye ministers in ye respective p'ishes 
are not to faile to p'forme Duties of ye Day by reading ye service 



liii^si^z /iifitn 



12 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Sherifs The President in Council was pleased to 

appointed Nominate and appoint the following persons to 

be Sherifs of the several Countys for the en- 
suing year : 

of ye Church and preaching and all p'sons are to abstaine from ser- 
vile work and labour that day. Given under my hand and ye scale 
of ye Collony ye 24tha day of Ap" anno Dom., 1691. 

flf. Nicholson 
To ye Sheriffe of Middlesex County his Deputy." 

In 1692 and 1693 Governor Andros ordered services for the pur- 
poses named in his proclamations : 

"I March, 1692. Issues a Proclamation for a Solemn fast to Implore 
the Blessings of God upon the Consultations of the Assembly & April 
5, 1693, Issues another for a fast to avert God's Judgment upon the 
Country being Sorely afllicted with the Measles." 

In 1702 British victories were causes for thanksgiving: 
Sir "Whitehall November ye nth 1702 

We send you here inclosed her Majestys proclamation directing a 
publick thanksgiving throughout England for the great successes of 
her Ma'tys Arms by Sea and land. And we ro hereby signify to you 
Her Majestys pleasure that a day of publick thanksgiving for those 
Successes be likewise solemnized throughout all her plantations in 
America ; You are therefore to take care that a day be accordingly 
set apart for that purpose as soon as conveniently may be after your 
receipt hereof, And that the same be observed throughout her Majesty's 
Colony and Dominion of Virginia under yo'r Government, with such 
due Solemnities as are Suitable to so great an occasion. So we bid you 
heartily farewell. 

Yo'r very Loving Friends 

Rob. Cecill 
Ph. Meadows 
Wm. Blathwayt 
John Pollexfen 
Mat Prior" 

These rejoicings must have been tame compared with those two years 
later for Blenheim. The most ignorant Virginian, living in a frontier 
cabin would be delighted at the news of beating the French. There 
were many of the colonists who heartily disliked Daniel Parke but 
even they could not help a feeling of gratification that a Virginian 
had brought the first news of the great victory, and doubtless went 
about expressing some early form of "Ole Virginny never Tires". They 
would have been still more interested could they have known that two 
gentlemen who were to be, in the future, good Virginians, Col. Es- 
mond and Col. Spotswood, were wounded in that famous fight. 

Governor Nicholson in his long proclamation (Calendar of Virginia 
State Papers, I, 86) began: 

"Whereas it hath pleased Almighty God to grant to her Maj'ts 
Armes in Conjunction with her AUys under the Command of his Grace, 
John, Duke of Malborough, Capt. Gen'' of her Maj'ts Land forces 
a Signall & glorious victory over the french & Bavarian fforces at 
Blenheim, near Hockstet (Hockstadt) on the River Danube, in Ger- 
many, (the first account whereof being brought to her most Sacred 
Majesty by Coll. Parke, a Gent. & native of this Country who was sent 
by his Grace)" and proceeds to say that he had received the royal 



}io\ Dk' jv/ u.-; no ru-jj^j i 



^■•■?f:»' 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS I3 

Henrico, John Radford"" 
Prince George, W" Harrison" 
Surry, Howell Edmonds" 
Isle of Wight, Hardy Council" 
Nansemond, Dan' Pugh" 
Norfolk, John Hare"^ 
Princess Anne, Thomas Haynes^* 
Elizabeth City, Anthony Armistead" 
Warwick, Wm. Cole'' 

proclamation with directions for the appointment of a proper and 
speedy day of thanksgiving in Virginia. The proclamation was to be 
read at services held in every church and chapel, and the militia of 
each parish were to meet at the church on February 6th, and, after 
the sermon, fire three volleys. 

In 171 1 we had a special day of fast and prayer for New England. 
The proclamation was doubtless issued early in the summer of 171 1 
when the English fleet under Sir Hovenden Walker, with its accom- 
panying land forces under General Hill was at Boston preparing for 
a campaign against Quebec. The "Rapperies and Murders" referred 
to, were committed during the bloody incursions of the French and 
Indians into New England. 

'"Draft of a Proclamation for a Fast, 171 1. 
By Her Maty's Lt. Governor & Commander in Chief of the Colony 
of Virginia. 

A Proclamation for a Fast, 

Whereas our most Gracious Sovereign out of her Pious Zeal to 
propagate the Protestant Religion, extirpate Popish Superstition and 
Idolatry, as out of a just honour f?] of the Rapperies & Murders 
daily committed on her People by the French & Indian Salvages in 
their interest ; & as well for Restoring the Crown of Great Britain 
to its Ancient Rights in North America, as for settling Quiet & Hap- 
piness to all her Subjects on this Continent: has thought fitting to 
send a very considerable part of Her Fleets & Armys on an Expe- 
dition to Reduce Canada. 

And whereas Her Most Sacred Alajesty has commanded that about 
the time when Her said Forces shall proceed on this important Ex- 
pedition a Day of Publick Fasting & Humiliation be kept in her 
several Dominions on this Continent to implore the Blessing & Mercy 
of Almighty God in protecting Her Anns employ'd in this just & 
necessary undertaking & giving them success therein. 

I have therefore, with the Advice of Her Maty's Council of this 
Colony Thought fitt to issue this Proclamation Appointing [Date 
left blank]. 

[Endorsed] Procrn for a Day of Fasting & humiliation & to Pray 
for Success of the Expedition against Canada. 

The series of special days of thanksgiving, fasting and prayer con- 
tinued down to the Revolution, ending, for the Colonial period, with 
those asked for by Assembly or Convention during the dark days 
preceding the Revolution. 

It is hard for us now to realize (although the impression is made 
more vivid by reading the respective services in a Prayer Book used 
in colonial days) that up to the Revolution we went to church each 
30th of January on the Day of King Charles the Martyr, and implored 



•it l«ni jinr at 






vrioli>.) .'jfJj h> 



14 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

York, Graves Packe^ 
James City, Robert Goodriclf" 
Lancaster, James Ball" 
Northumberl"*, John Shapleigh^^ 
Westmoreland, Aug" Washington*' 
Charles City, Francis Hardyman" 
Hanover, W"' Fleming'" 
New Kent, John Sclater** 
King William, John Butts'" 
King & Queen, John Leigh'^ 
Gloucester, Francis Willis*' 
Middlesex, Oliver Segar 
Essex, Thomas Warring'" 
Spotsylvania, Goodrich Lightfoot" 
King George, Joseph Strother*^ 
Richmond, Joseph Belfield" 
Stafford, Anthony Thornton** 
Accomack, John Kendall'^ 
Northampton, Ralph Pigot" 
Present Mann Page & John Carter Esq" 

tlie mercy of God, That neither the Guilt of that Sacred and innocent 
Blood, nor those other Sins By which God was provoked to deliver 
up both us and our King into the Hands of Cruel and unreasonable 
men, might be visited upon us and our posterity. 

On November 5th we held a service of thanksgiving for the happy 
deliverance of King James I, and the Three Estates of the Realm 
from the Gunpowder Treason, and at the same time celebrated the 
happy arrival of his Majesty King William on this day. 

The interest in the Gunpowder Plot, no doubt grew dim as time 
passed ; but there never was a period in which the colonial Virginian 
did not heartily offer the following prayer : 

■'Accept also most Gracious God, of our unfeigned thanks for filling 
our hearts again with joy and gladness after the time that Thou 
hadst afflicted us and putting a new song in our mouths, by bringing 
his Majesty King William upon this Day for the deliverance of our 
Church and Nation from Popish Tyranny and Arbitrary Powers." 

William and Mary College, King William, King and Queen, and 
Orange Counties, and King William Parish were amens to this prayer. 

On May 29th we were thankful for the Restoration and on Oct. 29, 
commemorated the beginning of the reign of George III. This last 
thanksgiving, just before the Revolution, was to be reversed, and the 
patriot who took his copy of the Virginia Gazette (now in the State 
Library), and wrote "dair, '" instead of "save" in the motto at the 
head of the first sheet, probably represented the general feeling. ^But 
it would have been easy to commemorate worse men than the King, 
and queer as such services may now seem to us, they do not equal 
in absurdity the efforts of later-day Americans and luiglishmen, to 



'tc ■' 



YC;r;5'f ■.''' - -^ 



v.,;;t:i ,. 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS I5 

Secretary's On reading at this Board a Letter from 

Popple's Alured Popple Esq-- Secretary to the Right 

Letter Hon'''« the Lords Comm" for Trade hearing 

read Etc. date the 2<' of Novemher 1726 and including a 

State of the Case of the Ship John & Betty of 
Bristoll which imported into this Colony a Quantity of Rum 
for which the Duty of 4 pence per gallon was demanded and 
taken by Christopher Robinson late Naval Officer of Rappa- 
hannock River, together with the opinion of S' Philip York his 
Majesties Attorney General on the said Case It appearing to 
this Board that by reason of some disputes arising between the 
importers of the said Rum and the said late Naval Officer the 
money received for the Dutys thereof was never paid over to 
the Treasurer of the said Dutys but retained by the said Naval 
Officer untill he should be secured against the prosecution with 
which he was threatened by the Importer of the said Liquors 

This Board are therefore of opinion That al- 
Resolution though it appears by the Custom house books 

of the that the said Ship John & Betty was not en- 

Council tered at the Custom house in Rappahannock 

on the untill the 15'" day of June (which is five days 

case of the after the Duty aforesaid commenced) yet if 

Ship John they can make due proof that the Ship was 

& Petty of within the District of Rappahannock on or be- 

Rristoll fore the lO'" day of June as is suggested in the 

State of their Case This Board will give direc- 
tions to the Executors of the said Naval Officer to return the 
money paid for the Duty of the aforesaid Liquors; And in 
case of their Refusal will give all necessary Assistance for the 
Recovery thereof. 

On reading this day at the Board a Representation from 
divers of the Justices of Essexf County Complaining of the 

fill the "Bloody chasm" of the Revolution with a bogey-man labeled 
George III, while we have a merry game of hands across the sea, to 
the tune, not of "Let George do it", but "George did it". 

tO" ^^^3' 27, 1726, the House of Burgesses adopted a resolution for- 
bidding the Justices of Essex from building a new Court House, before 
the next session of Assembly, as this would be an unnecessary burden 
if the county was divided. On account of the rapid extension of settle- 
ment up the Rappahannock, many people lived a long way from Hob's 



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l6 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

great Delays in the Administration of Justice in that County 
by the neglect of several of the persons nominated in the Com- 
mission of the Peace to attend the Courts And on hearing 
John Lomax" Gent one of the Justices Complained of It ap- 
pears to this Board that the Obstructions which have happened 
in the Administration of Justice in the said County have been 

principally occassioned through the heats and 
Order on animosities arisen among the said Justices of 

the Com- the Peace touching the place for holding Court 

plaint of since the time their late Courthouse was burnt : 

the Justices For Remedy whereof for the future It is this 

of Essex day Resolved and Ordered That a new Corn- 

County mission of the Peace be made out for the said 

County, And that the Gentlemen recommended 
by the Court together with others nominated by this Board 
being the principal Inhabitants of the said County be put in 
the Commission as Justices of the said County And that every 
of them be personally summoned by the Sherif to meet at the 
place where the Court is now held on the next Court day ap- 
pointed by Law for the said County, and that they or the 
major part of them who shall then appear and take the Oaths 
as Justices of the Peace do proceed to appoint a fitt place as 
near as conveniently may be to the Centre of their County for 
holding the Courts hereafter untill further provision be made 
by Law therein, or that by the common consent of the Justices 
so sworn, such places be agreed upon and approved by the 
Governor or Commander in Chief of this Dominion for the time 
being as may be for the general ease and convenience of the 
Inhabitants of the said County. 

Hole (the later Tappahannock), and desired that the county seat should 
be near them. The division of the county, however, settled these diffi- 
culties and left the original site the best for the present Essex. 



NOTES TO COUNCIL JOURNALS. 

' James Taylor was son of James Taylor, who came to Virginia and 
had in 1668 a grant of about 1000 acres on the Mattaponi River, then 
in New Kent and later in King and Queen and Caroline. James Tay- 
lor the elder died on April 30, 1698 at his home (owned in 1900 by 
one of his descendants. Major William Pendleton) about eight miles 



I 

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t>f>iun 






I. 

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It I '70/ 1 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS I? 

south of the present BowHng Green in CaroHne County^ ^''1; ^^!!ln 
Taylor of the text was born March 14, 1674 and died June 23, I/29. 
The desuuction of the records of King and Queen and New Kent has 
caused the loss of much documentary evidence u. regard to the early 
generations of the family; but there are numerous deeds n Spc^t- 
svlvania from Col. James Taylor and his son James Taylor 3d. The 
son ll^d in St. Stephens Parish, King and Queen and the father m 
Drysdale Parish, firs? in King and Queen and later ^ Caroline. There 
^ a deed July i, 1725, from James Taylor of Drysdale Parish. King 
and Que -n, Gentleman to John Taliaferro, of Spotsylvania Gentleman. 
On Augusl 29. 1727, James Taylor of drysdale, is styled survey o^ 
and on Sept. 10, of the same year "Col. James Taylor . On February 
S 1727, and frequentlv later, Alartha, his wife joins m his deeds. In 
1728 James Taylor the elder, of Drysdale Parish, King and Queen, and 
James Taylor he younger, of St. George's Parish. Spotsylvania unite 
a a deed On March 27, 1729, James Taylor, of Caro.ne County 
conveyed 2600 acres in Spotsylvania to Francis Wyatt. of Gloucester 
County In 1733 there is mention ot land which was granted to CoL 
James Tavlor. deceased, in 1722. In 1736 the Assembly ordered the 
counties of Spotsylvania, Hanover and Orange to pay 16000 bs of 
tobacco to Martha Taylor, widow, executrix of James Taylor for his 
services and expenses in running the dividing line between the counties. 
He patented and bought much land in the present Orange^ It is usually 
stated in the accounts of the family that he lived from about 1722 until 
his death, first at -'Bloomsbury" and later at Greenfield in the pres- 
ent Orange. He may have built these houses but the record.s quoted 
.how that shortly before his death, he was "of Caroline County . 
He was J P. in 1702-1714 etc. Burgess for King and Queen m 1702 
and probably other years. His wife is stated in some accounts to have 
been the daughter of William Thompson and granddaughter of Sir 
Roger Thompson. No Sir Roger Thompson was ever in Virginia and 
much more probable is the account in the little chart prepared by Pres- 
ident Madison, where she is said to be Martha, daughter of Roger 
Thompson. The latter, no doubt, was the man ol that name who 
was a J. P. for New Kent in 1704. .,.,,• 01 u. > 

Incomplete genealogies of the family have been published in Slaughters 
St Mark's Parish, 74; Haydcn's Virginia Genealogies 67^-^- and 
W K Anderson's Robertson-Taylor Families. 226-263. This book con- 
tains views of the quaint old house "Bloomsbury , and eng^vings of 
the portraits of Col. James and Martha Taylor. It is difficult fre- 
quently to date Eighteenth century costumes, but these have rather a 
late appearance for people who died in 1729 and 1762. 

=> William Parks was the first newspaper publisher and editor in 
Virginia He was born in England and came to Annapolis, Md. about 
1727 when he established the Maryland Gazette. Soon afterwards he 
opened a printing shop in Williamsburg, and was employed by the gov- 
ernments of the two Colonies to do public printing. On heb. 22 1727, 
the House of Burgesses, on petition of Parks, directed that he be en- 
gaged to print the laws, journals, etc. In 1733 he published in Wil- 
liamsburg A Colleetion of Virginia Larvs. on Feb. 16, 1736. began 1 he 
Virninia Gazette, and opened a book-store in 1742. In that year the 
President and Masters of William and Mary accepted a proposition of 
Parks to furnish text books to the students In 1744 ^e .^f.^^^''^'^^^ 
a paper mill on a branch of Archer's Hope Creek near "^ff^f^^J^^ 
and some verses concerning it were published in the Gazette (fe this 
Magazine, VII, 442). A deed recorded in York County and dated 



lO VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Aug. 19, 1749, shows that he had as partner in his printing estabHsh- 
ment and book store, Sarah, widow of Graves Pack. 

Embarking for England. March 23, 1750, Parks died at sea on April 
I St and was buried at Gosport, Eng. His will was proved in York 
County, June 8, 1750, gave £100 to each child of his sister Jane Spilsby; 
to his sister Elizabeth Parks £50 current. His wife Eleanor (residuary 
legatee) and his son-in-law John Shelton of Hanover County, Ex- 
ecutors. His estate was appraised at £6,211-15-9. See VViUiam and 
Mary Quarterly, VH, 10-12. In the Gazette for Feb. 14, 1751, was 
advertised for sale the printing house, out houses and lot on Duke 
of Gloucester Street, late the property of William Parks. Dr. Tyler 
states in his IViUiamsbiirg the Old Colonial Ca{>ital. 236-237, that this 
printing office was on lot 48 on the north side of the street and stood 
until 1896 when it was destroyed by fire. The post office and book store 
were in the same building. It would be a most appropriate thing for 
Virginia newspaper editors and publishers to place a suitable memorial 
at the site where the ancestor and predecessor of all their papers was 
published. In 1754, Sarah, daughter of John Shelton and granddaughter 
of William Parks became the first wife of Patrick Henry. 

" Robert Carter, of "Corotoman", Lancaster County, was born in 1663 
and died^ August 4, 1732. His father Col. John Carter, also of "Co- 
rotoman", owned large estates and was for many years, as Burgess 
and Councillor a man of prominence in the Colony. Robert Carter's 
letters show that he was educated in England, but his school or col- 
lege are not known. As soon as he returned to Virginia he entered 
on a period of office holding only terminated by his death. From 
vestryman of his parish and justice of his county, he became a member 
of the House of Burgesses at the session of 1691-92, and again served 
at the sessions of 1605-06. 1696-97, 1698, 1699, and was Speaker of 
the House in 1696 and 1699. In 1699 he was appointed to the Council 
and remained a member of that body until 1732. He was Treasurer 
of the Colony (an office usually held in combination with the Speaker- 
ship") 1600- 1705. On July 8, 1726, when Edmund Jenings was sus- 
pended, Col. Carter became acting Governor and remained at the head 
of the government until Sept. 8, 1727, when William Gooch became 
Governor. 

He was much interested in education (see this Magazine XXXI, 39-41) 
and was rector and long a visitor of William and Mary, where he 
endowed a scholarship. By his will he left £200 besides the material 
for the fine old brick church still standing in Christ Church parish, 
Lancaster County. He made the condition that the chancel of the new 
church should be reserved as burial place for his family, as the old 
chancel had been and that a commodious family pew be erected in the 
new chancel. He also gave £20 for a piece of plate for the church. 
The large square pew, which seems to have had a canopy over it, 
still remains in the church, and tradition has it that "King" Carter 
(as he was called from his wealth and influence) sat in a large chair 
in the center of it. 

Through his position as agent for the proprietors of the Northern 
Neck he not only received a considerable income, but was able to take 
up by grant, immense tracts of good land. His will and many deeds 
show that he also bought much land from private individuals. Among 
these purchases were the "Ripon Hall" estate, York County, from the 
heirs of Edmund Jenings; "Nomini", Westmoreland (6000 acres) from 
the Spencers, and (about the date of Robert Carter's will) the whole 
real and personal estate in Virginia, which had belonged to John Lloyd, 




H S. 



.— , T « 



L. W 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS I9 

deed., this last named property probably had belonged to John 
Lloyd, formerly of Richmond County, Va., who had married Elizabeth, 
only daughter and heiress of Col. John Carter, Sr., elder brother of 
Robert Carter. The sale was made by order of the Court of Chan- 
cery in England. The suit which caused the sale of the Lloyd estate, 
must have been concluded within a year or two of the date of Robert 
Carter's will, June 9, 1730, and it is believed that the papers in the 
case would furnish interesting information as to the early Carters. 

Robert Carter's will and the inventory of his great estate were 
printed in this Magazine V, 408-428; VI, 1-22, 145-152, 260-268, 365- 
370; VIL 64-68. Col. Carter was a man of affairs rather than books; 
but the list of his library contains about 233 titles, and a considerably 
larger number of volumes. Law and theology were most largely rep- 
resented ; but he had such works as Burnet's histories, Cowley, Cam- 
den's Brittania, Addison, Paschal's Thoughts, Josephus, Horace, Ter- 
ence, Rapin's History of England, Caesar, Sydney "Of Government", 
Prynn, Eilmer, Hale, Temple's Letters, Tacitus, Homer, Evelyn's Sylva 
and Ovid's Metamorphoses. 

In the Gentlemen's Magazine, November, 1732, appears under deaths, 
"Robert Carter, Esq., in Virginia. He was President of the Council 
and left among his children above 300000 acres of land, about 1000 
negroes and £10,000 in money." 

The Carter home "Corotoman", was beautifully situated on a low 
bluff close to the Rappahannock where it is near its mouth and is 
several miles wide. The house stood on a neck of land between the 
points where Corotoman River and Carter's Creek enter the Rap- 
pahannock. A plat of the estate, then containing about 8000 acres made 
early in the nineteenth century, is preserved at I^ncaster Court House. 
Along the water front are the remains of a breakwater made by ballast 
dumped there. The Maryland Gazette of Feb. 4, 1729, mentions the 
burning of the large house of Col. Carter — no doubt the original resi- 
dence at "Corotoman". 

Some of the rooms named in the inventory of 1732, were the 
old house dining room, the dining room closet, the chamber over 
the dining room, the lower chamber, the chamber closet, the lower 
chamber closets, the chamber over the lower chamber, the porch chamber, 
the brick house chamber, the brick store, the chamber over the brick 
store, the brick house loft, the rum cellar, the outward cellar, kitchen, 
kitchen loft, pantry, office store, office chambers, spring house, spring 
house chambers, new dairy store, the old dairy, new dairy loft, outward 
cider house, inward cider house, smiths shop, the quarter, quarter lofts, 
sloop landing house, still house, old coach house, new coach house, 
the nail store etc., etc. 

St. Leger Landon Carter wrote in 1834, of the "dilapidated manor 
house" at "Corotoman". When this writer visited the place about 
seventeen years ago the site of the house and grounds was covered 
by a heavy crop of corn and no signs of them could be seen. A 
battered two story frame house remained said to have been the quarters 
of the house servants. At intervals, between "Corotoman" and Christ 
Church could be seen tall cedars on e.ich side of a sti. light ro.ul, with 
bank and ditch. It was .said tliat originally this cedar edged road ex 
tended from the church to the house. Many parts have disappeared. 

Robert Carter married 1st. in 1688, Judith, daughter of John Armis- 
tead, of Gloucester County and member of the Council, and 2nd. in 



20 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

1701, Elizabeth, widow of Richard Wilhs, and daughter of Thomas 
Landon, of Middlesex County, Va., formerly of Crednal, Hereforshire, 
England. She qualified as administratrix of Richard Willis, Feb. 3, 
1700, and on April 3, 1701, Robert Carter made a deed in view of 
his intended marriage with her. 

In another deed Jan. 30, 1701-2, he speaks of her as his wife. Mrs. 
Judith Carter died Feb. 23, 1699, and Mrs. Elizabeth Carter, July 3. 
1 7 19 in her 36th year. Both were buried at Christ Church. Their 
tombs have been mutilated, but the epitaphs have been copied and 
published. 

Robert Carter had issue: (ist m.) i. John of "Corotoman" and 

"Shirley"; 2. Elizabeth, born in , died 1721, married ist Nathaniel 

Burwell, of "Carter's Creek", Gloucester County and 2nd Dr. George 
Nicholas; 3. Judith, married Mann Page, of "Rosewell", Gloucester 
County; (2nd marriage); 4. Anne, married Benjamin Harrison, of 
"Berkeley", Charles City County (see Harrison genealogy in course 
of publication in the Magazine) ; 5. Robert of "Nomini", Westmoreland 
County. One of the most interesting of colonial documents is the 
diary of Philip Fithian, while a tutor at "Nomini", during the time 
of Robert Carter (3d), grandson of "King" Carter. Dr. Tyler has 
printed in the William and Mary Quarterly, X, 232-241 ; XI, 21-28, 
the catalogue of his large and valuable library; 6. Sarah, died young; 
7. Betty, died young; 8. Ludlow, died young; 9. Charles Carter, of 
"Cleve", King George County, whose will, edited by Mr. Fairfax Har- 
rison, was published in the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 
XXXI, 39-69; ID. Landon, of "Sabine Hall", Richmond County. Ex- 
tracts from his diary have been published in the IVilliam and Mary 
Quarterly, XIII, 43-45. i57-i65. 219-221, XIV, 38-44. 181-186, 246-253, 

XV, 15-20, 86-87, 205-211; XVI, 149-156, 257-269; XVII, 37-44; XX. 

173-180; XXI, 172-181; II. Lucy, married Henry Fitzhugh, of "Eagles 
Nest", King George County; 12. George, of the Middle Temple, died 
unmarried. His will was printed in this Magazine XV, 426-427. 

The principal printed sources of information in regard to the Carter 
family in addition to those cited are Tlic Carter Tree, first edited by 
Capt. R. R. Carter, of "Shirley", and the second edition, in 1897, greatly 
enlarged, by his daughter, Mrs. Oliver. "The Carters of Virginia", 
with many portraits and other illustrations in Glenn's Sonic Colonial 
Mansions (Phila. 1899), 217-293; The Virginia Magazine of History 
and Biography II, 235-238; XXII, 380-382; XXX, 70-79; IViUiani and 
Mary Quarterly, Vols. I, III, V, VI, VIII, IX, X, XI, XIII; and 
Keith's Ancestry of Benjamin Harrison. 

Robert Carter was buried under a very large and handsome tomb 
in the churchyard at Christ Church, Lancaster, which is now only a 
heap of fragments. Only a portion of the shield remains. This bears 
the arms of Carter; a chevron bctweoi three cart zvhecls, crest; a 
talbot sejant upon a wreath, its dexter paw on an escutcheon containing 
a Catherine wheel. 

The arms on the tomb of his wife Judith are better preserved. Her 
tomb has two shields, the first Carter empaling three crosses crosslet, 
and the second Carter empaling Ludlow, (i chevron betzvccn three 
viartens heads. 

Fortunately the epitaph of Robert Carter was copied many years 
ago. It is as follows : 



bitK .IllX ,l/v .X .7. 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 21 

"H. S. E. 
Vir honorabilis Robertus 
Carter, Armiger, qui genus 
honestum dotibus eximiliis 
et moribus antiquis illus- 
travit. Collegium Guliel- 
mi et Mariae temporibus 
difificillimis propugnavit, 
Gubernator. 
Senatus Rogator et 
Quaestor sub scren- 
issimis Principibus Guilielmo, 
Anna, Georgio Primo et Secundo. 
A publicis concilliis con- 
cillii per sexenniune praises ; 
plus anno Coloniae Praefec- 
tus, cum regiam dignitatem 
et publicam libertatem 
aequali jure asseruit, 
Opibus amplissimis 
bene partis instructus, 
Aedem banc sacrani, in 
Deum pictatis grande mo- 
numentum propriis 
sumptibus extruit. 
Locu pletavit. 

In omnes quos humaniter 

excepit nee prodigus nee 

parous hospes. Liberali- 

tatem insignem testantur 

debita munifice remissa. 

Primo Juditham, Johannis 

Armistead, Armigera, 

filiam; deinde Betty, 

generosa Landonorum stirpe 

oriundam, sibi connubio 

junctas habuit: equibus 

prolem numerosam sus- 

cepit, in qua erudienda 

pecuniae vim maximani 

insumpsit. 

Tandem honorum et dierum 

satur, cum omnis vitae 



22 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

munera egregias prses- 

titisset, obiit Pri. Norn 

Aug. An. Dotn. 1732, act. 69. 

"Miseri solamen, viduae 

praesiduum, orbi patrem, 

ademptum lugent." 

4. William Byrd of "Westover," Charles City County was son of Wil- 
liam Byrd, of Henrico County and "Westover"; who as Burgess, Coun- 
cillor, Auditor and Receiver General, Indian trader, merchant and planter 
was long one of the leading men in Virginia. William Byrd the elder, 
came of a London family, deriving descent, as happened so frequently, 
from a younger son of a country gentleman — in this case of Cheshire. 
There is still in possession of the family a long parchment roll (there was 
a copy on paper at "Brandon") which was prepared for William Byrd, 
the emigrant, in 1702, which traces his line to a remote period. The 
arms in colors of various allied families are shown at intervals through- 
out the roll. This pedigree is to a great extent the same as one given 
in Holmes "Heraldic Collections for Cheshire" (Harlian MSS, 21 19), 
but how far it is correct could only be established by a thorough search 
of English records. Through his mother, Mary Horsmanden, William 
Byrd of the text, was descended from Daniel Horsmanden, the Loyalist 
rector of Ulcombe, Kent, and through the latter's wife Ursula, daughter 
of Sir Warham St. Leger, of Ulcombe, from one of the most eminent 
knightly families of England. 

William Byrd the younger was born March 28, 1674, and died August 
26, 1744. Before he was ten years old he was sent to England for edu- 
cation, and as Professor Bassett. editor of the last edition of his writings, 
has noted, was thrown entirely among his mother's people. Later he was 
sent to Holland; but in 1690 returned to England and on April 26, 1692, 
was admitted to the Middle Temple. He returned to Virginia by 1696 and 
was immediately elected a Burgess for Henrico County; but early in 
the next year went again to England, and in October, 1698, was ap- 
pointed agent for Virginia there, an office he retained until 1701. Dur- 
ing this stay in England he made many congenial friends, and was elected 
a member of the Royal Society. On the receipt of the news of his 
father's death he returned again to Virginia and in a short time was 
appointed Receiver General. In 1708 he was appointed to the Council 
and before his death became President of that body. He was actively 
engaged in planting, acquiring by grant and purchase large tracts of 
land, and in colonial politics. In 1715 he went again to England where 
he remained until 1720, when he returned to Virginia. He was how- 
ever immediately reappointed Agent and went once more to England, 
where he lived until 1726. He then came back to Virginia and spent the 



LS 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 23 

rest of his life at "Westover." He was not content to be merely a 
country gentleman. In 1728 and 1729 he was one of the Commissioners 
to run the boundry line between Virginia and North Carolina ; led by 
his interest in iron works he made his trip to the mines and in order to 
inspect his lands in Southern Virginia and North Carolina, went on the 
"Journey to the Land of Eden." In 1733, with the assistance of Major 
William Mayo, as surveyor, he laid out the town of Richmond and in 
1737 advertised the lots for sale. He gave the site for St. Johns Church, 
Richmond, and was a contributor towards the cost of building. He was 
interested in bringing Swiss, Germans and French to the Colony. His 
writings, the History of the Dividing Line, A Journey to the Land of 
Eden, A Progress to the Mines (all composed without thought of pub- 
lication) are still delightful reading. Professor Basset says "It is im- 
possible to read him without interest. It would be hard to find before 
Franklin, a better master of the art of writing clear, forcible and charm- 
ing English." 

Col. Byrd was a broad-minded, patriotic man and the most accomplished 
and cultured gentleman in Virginia. The house he built and grounds 
laid out at "Westover," were aniung the best in the Colony. The house 
\\a.i burnt during the ownership of his son and though there is no account 
01 the e.xtcnt of the damage, it is probable that the structure was re- 
stored very much to its former state. The fact that tradition from "time 
out of mind" identifies certain rooms in the present house with those in 
existance before the fire, is strong evidence that the destruction was only 
partial. Tradition may err as to matters several hundred years back, 
but it has only been about a hundred years since the Byrds sold "West- 
over," and the succeeding owners, Harrison, Carter and Selden, were in 
a position to receive accurate accounts. 

The ornamental grounds, whose beauty is spoken of by Chastellux, 
who visited the place in 1781, would appear, from the tone of what he 
says, to have included more than the present lawn and walled garden. 

The library, of nearly 4,000 volumes, was the largest private collec- 
tion in the English Colonies. The catalogue may be most conveniently 
consulted in Bassett's edition of Byrd's writings. 

Luxury and fashionable society never enervated Col. Byrd. He was 
always a man "taking with frolic welcome the sunshine and the storm." 
Many passages in his writings show the good humor and courage with 
which he met all the viscisitudes of his travels through what was then 
a wilderness. Nor were physical difficulties his only source of trouble. 
Though happy in his family, his home and his pursuits, he was for many 
years in financial difficulties. At the death of the father of his first 
wife. Col. Daniel Parke, John Custis and his wife the other daughter 
and co-heiress, received the large Parke estate in Virginia, and Col. Byrd 



24 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

what was supposed to be a much greater property in the West Indies and 
England, on the condition that he undertook the payment of Col. Parke's 
debts. The result was that for years he was burdened with a great 
debt which caused him so much distress that he made several efforts to 
sell "Westover." This debt appears to have been fully paid just be- 
fore his death. He thus left a splendid estate free from any important 
incumbrance. Professor Bassett estimates that at his death he owned 
179440 acres of land. 

No copy of Col. Byrd's will is known to exist. In one of the few 
remaining Charles City County record books is this entry "March 1744, 
The will of William Byrd, Esq. presented by Mrs. Maria Byrd one of 
the executors and proved by the oaths of William Proctor and William 
Stith, two of the witnesses, who swore they saw Peter Fontaine, the 
other witness, sign." The will book covering this period was stolen or 
destroyed. Col. Byrd, it would seem, would have had property interests 
in England (certainly much tobacco), which would have made it neces- 
sary for his will to have been proved there before his executors could 
act; but a recent search has shown that it is not in the Probate Court 
of Canterbury where all colonial wills were proved. If there is a copy 
in private hands it is hoped that the owner will make the fact known. 

William Byrd's writings were edited by Edmund Ruffin in 1841 ; T. H. 
Wynn in 1866, and J. S. Bassett in 1901. Some of his letters were 
printed in Mrs. Lee's Memoir of G. W. P. Custis, in Lossing's edition 
of the latter's Recollections. Others published in the Viryiuia Macjazine 
of Histroy and Biography IX, 1 13-130, 225, 251. It is a pity that more 
of these delightful letters (which are known to exist) have not been 
made public. 

There have been numerous magazine articles about Westover, as well 
as notices in historical and architectural works, and several novels with 
Byrd as the hero — most of them showing no understanding of the man. 
The careful study, political and personal, of "The Byrd Family in Vir- 
guiia" by Professor Bassett is of value and interest. This edition also 
includes a genealogy of the Byrd family. The will of Mrs. Mary Willing 
Byrd, second wife of the third William, was printed with many notes, 
in the Va. Magazine of History and Biography VI, 346-358, and that of 
her husband (also annotated) in Vol. IX, 80-88 of the same Magazine. 

In the Orrery Papers (London, 1903), are several letters from Col. 
Byrd to his friends Charles Boyle, Eary of Orrery, and the letter's son 
John, Lord Boyle, who during the period of this correspondence succeeded 
his father in the earldom. As these letters are practically unknown here 
and show the nature of Byrd's relations with his English friends and his 
knowledge of English men and affairs they are reprinted. 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 25 



To Charles Earl of Orrery. 

"Virginia, March 16, 1719. 
My Lord, — The many Favours I was so happy as to receive from Your 
Lordship in England, stick fast in my Memory in all Clymates and I 
believe I could go thro' the Ceremony of Husqucnazuing without forget- 
ting them. This Operation is performed upon the Indians of this part 
of the World at the Age of Puberty when they commence Men and is 
in order to make them forget all the Pollys of their Childhood. For this 
end they are lockt up in a place of Security, and the Physicians of the 
place ply them Night and Morning with a Potion that transports them 
out of their Senses, and makes them perfectly mad for Six Weeks to- 
gether. When this time is expired they are kept upon meagre Dyet for 
three days, and in that Space they return to their Understanding, but 
pretend to have forgot everything that befell them in the early part of 
their Lives. I had no reason to have been terrified at a winter's passage, 
for it was the most agreeable that ever I had in my life. In about a 
week we got into a pleasant Latitude betwixt 30 and 40, where we found 
the Air as mild as it is with you in April ; in that fine Clymate we saild 
about a thousand Leagues till we got to the west of Bermudas, having 
all the while the finest weather in the World. Two days before we 
saild by that Island, we understood there had been a Pyrate of good 
force, that had plundered several Ships, and among the rest a Portuguese 
Admiral who was returning home from Brasiil richly laden, out of which 
the Pyrate took a prodigious Booty in Gold. However we had the good 
fortune to miss him. These Rogues swarm in this part of the World, 
as we are told of 70 Sail at least that haunt the several parts of America ; 
and our Captains of Men of War are so intent on Trade that they neg- 
lect their Stations, and contrive to be blown away to the Country whither 
their Traffick calls them. This is so great an Abuse that the Nation 
is at the Expence of building and maintaining Ships of War, for the 
enabling the Commanders of them to ruin the fair Traders in every 
Country where they come. For these Gentlemen pay neither Freight mior 
Custome, nor run any Risque, by which Iniquity they are in condition 
to undersell all those that do. We have some !Men here who have been 
on some of the Branches of Massasipi River. The nearest to us are 
500 miles from this Country; lying about the Latitude of 30, and these 
Travellers say theyl never saw either a finer Soil or a finer Clymate. 
But these Branches are at least 300 miles from the mouth of the River 
where the French are seated, and great Waterfalls intercept all passage 
from one to the other by Water. The Indians are very numerous on 
the Branches of the River; and if the French find Means to gain them 
it will render the English Plantations very unsafe. And when it comes 



26 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

to that, what with the ill treatment of the English Governors, and the 
great encouragement given by the French to their Colonies the English 
Plantations will make no difficulty of changing their Masters, unless some 
measures be taken to restrain the arbitrary behaviour of these little 
Rulers whose heads grow giddy with their power upon which they imme- 
diately set up for Princes and Sovereigns. — I am, My Lord, yr most faith- 
ful humble Servant, 

W. Byrd." 



To Charles, Earl of Orrery. 

"Virginia, July 5, 1726. 
Mv Lord, — 

Soon after my arrival I had the honour to write to Your Ldsp to ac- 
quaint you that we had happaly escaped all the Dangers of the Sea, and 
were safely landed at my own House. There was nothing frightfull in 
the whole Voyage but a suddain Puff that carried away our Topmast, 
which in the falling gave a very bad crack, but we received no other 
Damage, neither were our Women terrified at It. The beautifullest 
Bloom of our Spring when we came Ashore, gave Mrs. Byrd a good 
impression of the Country. But since that the Weather is grown Warm, 
and some days have been troublesome eno' to make Her wish herself 
back in England. She now begins to be seasoned to the Heat, and to 
think more favourably of our Clymate. She comforts herself with the 
thought that a warm Sun is necessary to ripen our fine Fruit, and so 
pays herself with the Pleasure of one Sense, for the Inconvenience that 
attends tho others. I must own to Yr Ldship that we have about three 
months that impatient People call warm, but the Colonel would think 
them cool enough for a pair of Blankets, and perhaps a comfortable 
Counterpain into the Bargain. Yet there are not 10 days in the whole 
summer that Yr Ldsp would compain of, and they happen when the 
Breazes fail us and it is a dead Calme. But then the other nine Months 
are most charmingly delightfull, with a fine Air and a Serene Sky that 
keeps us in Good Health and Good Humour. Spleen and vapours are as 
absolute Rarities here as a Winter's Sun, or a Publick Spirit in Eng- 
land. A Man may eat Beef, be as lazy as Captain Hardy, or even marry 
in this Clymate, without having the least Inclination to hang himself. 
It would cure all Air. Hutchinson's distempers if the Ministry would 
transport him hither unless they sent Lady G — (?) along with him. 
Your Ldsp will allow it to be a fair Commendation of a Country that it 
reconciles a Man to himself, and makes him suffer the weight of his 
misfortunes with the same tranquility that he bears with his own 
Frailtys. After your September is over, I shall wish your Ldsp a 




BuOK Pl.ATl-: OK WlI.I.IAM BvKD (II) 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 27 

little of our Sunshine to disperse that Fogg and Smoake with which your 
Atmosphere is loaded. Tis miraculous that any Lungs can breath in 
an Air compounded of so many different Vapours and Exhalations like 
that of dirty London. For my part mine were never of a texture to 
bear it in winter without great convulsions, so that nothing could make 
me amends for that uneasiness but the pleasure of being near your Lord- 
ship. Besides the advantage of a pure Air, we abound in all kinds of 
Provisions without expence (I mean we who have Plantations). I have 
a large Family of my own, and my Doors are open to Every Body, yet 
I have no Bills to pay, and half-a-Crown will rest undisturbed in my 
Pocket for many Moons together. Like one of the Patriarchs, I have 
my Flocks and my Herds, my Bond-men and Bond-women, and every 
Soart of Trade amongst my own Servants, so that I live in a kind of 
Independence on every one but Providence. However this Soart of 
Life is without expence, yet is is attended with a great deal of trouble. 
I must take care to keep all my people to their Duty, to set all the 
Springs in motion and to make every one draw his equal Share to carry 
the Machine forward. But then 'tis an amusement in this silent Country 
and a contniual exercise of our Patience and Economy. 

Another thing My Lord that recommends this Country very much — 
we sit securely under our Vines and our Fig Trees without any Danger 
to our Property. We have neither publick Robbers nor private, which 
Your Ldsp will think very strange, when we have often needy Gov- 
ernors, and pilfering Convicts sent amongst us. The first of these it is 
suspected have some-times an inclination to plunder, but want the pow'r, 
and tho' they may be Tyrants in their Nature, yet they are Tyrants with- 
out Guards, which makes them as harmless as a Scold would be without 
a Tongue. Xeither can they do much Injustice by being partial in Judg- 
ment, because in the Supreme Court the Council have each an equal 
Vote with them. Thus both the Teeth and the Claws of the Lion are 
secured, and He can neither bite nor tear us, except we turn him loose 
upon Ourselves. I wish this was the Case with all his Majesty's good 
Subjects, and I dare say Your Ldsp has the goodness to wish so too. 
Then we have no such Trades carried on amongst us, as that of Horse- 
breakers, [Housebreakers?] Highway-men, or Beggers. We can rest 
securely in our Beds with all our Doors and Windows open, and yet 
find every thing exactly in place the next Morning. We can travel all 
over the Country by Night and by Day, unguarded and unarmed, and 
never meet with any Person so rude as to bid us Stand. We have no 
Vagrant Mendicants to seize and deafen us wherever we go, as in your 
Island of Beggers. Thus My Lord we are very happy in our Canaans 
if we could but forget the Onions and Fleshpots of Egypt. There are 
so many Temptations in England to inflame the Appetite and charm the 
Senses, that we are content to run all Risques to enjoy them. They al- 



■"'iitil tv. 



25 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

ways had I must own too strong an Influence upon me, as Your Ldsp 
will belive when they could keep me so long from the more solid pleas- 
ures of Innocence and Retirement. I doubt not but My Lord Boyle has 
learn't at Paris to i)erform all his Exercises in perfection and is be- 
come an absolute Master of the French Language. I wish every Secre- 
tary of State could write it as perfectly as his Ldsp does, that their 
Performances might not be subjected to the Correction of Mr. De La 
Fay. I am sure that Lord Boyle will in every respect Answer the affec- 
tionate care your Lordship has taken of him, and I suppose It will not 
be long before I shall have the pleasure to hear that he is happily mar- 
ried, for it now seems wholy to depend upon Him, to furnish Heirs to 
the Noble Family of his Name. I most heartily long to hear from Your 
Ixjrdship, and shall rejoice at every happy Accident that befalls you, for 
I am as much as any Man alive, My Lord, yr etc. 

\V. Byrd." 



To John Lord Boyle. 



"Virginia, Feby. 2d, 1726/7. 
My Dear Lord. — The Historical Epistle which You did me the 
Honour to send me, of the 30th of June last, gave us great Enter- 
tainment. Every thing is described with so much life and propriety 
that I fancyed the Objects themselves present before my eyes. I could 
imagine I saw Miss Die Chapman bridle up and look happy when the 
Queen of France seemed gracious, and put on her disappointed Face 
when Her Majesty withdrew her Smiles. I could also figure your Lord- 
ship performing the friendly Office of picking up some of Lord 
Windsor's Effects, and others of them droping while he was bowing 
low for the trouble he had the misfortune of giving you. I could also 
paint the sprightly Colonel nodding over his Draughts, and cracking 
a stale Joke for the hundred and fiftieth time, while some of the Com- 
pany take the liberty to laugh, not so much at the Story as the Historian. 
As some People are very awkward when they are Gay, I believe the 
French are so when they are melancholy. It is a most unnatural part 
for that merry Nation to Act, which used to Sing when they had 
short Commons, and dance in wooden shoes, either of which would make 
a true Briton very low Spirited. I was in hopes your Lordship had 
quitted your Passion for Old Women when you quitted England, and 
resigned your Claims to Withered Beauties to your God Father. His 
Grace has an aversion to green Charms, they set his Teeth on Edge, 
and therefore he loves the Fruit better when it is mellow. However 
if that taste followed by you beyond the Seas, I wonder you could 
want an agreeable Old Woman in France so long as Lady Sandwich 



".a>wft V/ 



■Mb 



.. I ..yj, 



-lit' ' 

IK 



Ol 



iv:o r H..:'V -rJf 



'■/; 'in. 
-1 ir;i; "'( 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 29 

was there; tho' I must confess it was exceeding odd in your Lordship 
to expect to meet with Ancient Ladys in a Country where every Creature 
is young, at least every Age puts on the same youthful Ornaments, 
and is amused with the same youthful Trifles. And if you should 
ask an Old Fellow how old he was, instead of answering that he 
was turned of four score, He will tell you that blessed be his Stars, 
he found himself in perfect good Health. It is a pity that Lord North 
should so far forget his Character and Quality as to treat Ladys of 
Honour with Indecency. I fear he has accustomed himself so much 
to the Conversation of— Females that he is apt to forget himself when 
he happens into better Company. I am the more concerned for his 
Lordship, because if Fine Things come out of his Mouth with none of 
the best Grace, how shocking must Rude Ones appear! I will trust 
Old Ned fur good Claret and an easy Chair, to mend his Shape and 
brighten up his Genius, which in the cloudiest English weather lies 
extreamly towards getting to as full an Understanding as one would 
be fond of in a Father, how little soever one might covet it in One- 
self. I will answer for young Ned, He esteems the Old Gentleman 
a Man of excellent parts, and had much rather be his Son and Heir, 
than that of the brightest Wit in the Land. I had the honour of a 
Letter from him since he returned from his Travels, and believe he has 
profited more by going Abroad than his Countrymen usually have done. 
Most young Fellows improve in little beside Confidence; this helps 
them to discover their whole stock of Vice and Folly, which Bash- 
fulness concealed in them before. I fancy Your Lordship is not a 
little diverted to see the honest Colonel at his own Table supported 
by his two Maiden Aunts. They talk the Northern Dialect without 
Doubt in all its Purity, and dress to the Primitive Simplicity. I hope 
our Friend is not quite so peevish to them as he used to be to poor 
Little foot. One of my Female Correspondents tells a woeful Story 
of my good Friend the Alajor (Gooche). She says he was taken 
at a Disadvantage by one of his own modish Countrymen, and Brother 
Gamesters, who handled him pretty roughly and almost demolished his 
Person. But the most incredible part of the Story was, that the Major 
endured it all with the Patience of a Martyr, and the Forgiveness of 
a Christian. This surely cannot be true, because all the Major's ac- 
quaintance both Gentlemen and Ladys, have heard him swear as man- 
fully as any Hero in His Majesty's Guards. We have had the most 
delightful Winter here that I ever saw in any Country, just Frost 
enough to fertilize over our Ground, and purify the Air. The Sim 
has befriended us constantly with the chearfullest of its Smiles, and 
Foggs and Clouds have been as absolute Prodigys with us the whole 
Season as a Constant Man or an humble Woman is in England. My 
Young Gentlewomen like everything in the Country except the Retire- 



qon I 



■f'l. ■ 






30 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

ment, they can't get the Plays, the Operas and the Masquerades out 
of their Heads, much less can they forget their friends. However, 
the lightness of our Atmosphere helps them to bear all their losses 
with more Spirit, and that they may amuse themselves the better, they 
are every Day up to their Elbows in Housewifery, which will qualify 
them effectually for useful Wives and if they live long enough, for 
Notable Women. Now your Lordship has finished your Studys, learnt 
all your Exercises, and ended your Travels, I shall expect to hear very 
soon that you are Married and become a Grave Member of the Com- 
monwealth. May that Circumstance of Life, and everything else be 
happy to you; and may you not forget, though at this unmerciful 
Distance, Your Lordship's most obedient Servant, 

W. Byrd." 



To Charles, Earl ok Orrery. 

"Virginia, Feb. 3d, 1727-8. 
My Lord — I am much obliged to Your Lordship for being so very 
good as to sweeten my Retirement by writing often. Whenever my 
Spirits sink at any Time below their natural pitch Your Letters are 
Cordial enough to raise them again, and make me as gay as the Spring. 
They call back to my Memory all the delightful scenes at Britwell 
[a house belonging to the Earl] and Downing Street, and for variety 
make me look back sometimes on the graver amusements at Wills. 
Mrs. Byrd too gives you a thousand thanks for your Favours to her 
Daughter. There is now a little Virginian that I fancy is much more 
a Romp than her sister. She is so lively that unless her Nurse were 
very careful, she would spring out of her Arms. Like the Children 
of Languedoc and Gascony, She dances before she can walk and sings 
before she can speak. If she lives we must get her a husband as soon 

as the Law will allow not content with two Spinsters, Mrs. 

Byrd with hopes of having a Son; tho after All I wish she 

maynt run upon the Distafif as much as Her Grace of Argyle. I be- 
lieve even Madam Smith would healp the Major to an Heir if an ill- 
turn of Play should send them to this Country These Dis- 
advantages to Gallantry make well for Matrimony, which thrives 
so excellently, that an Old Maid or an Old Bachelor are as rare among 
us and reckoned as ominous as a Blazing Star. One of the most antick 
Virgins I am acquainted with is my Daughter, either our young Fellows 
are not smart eno' for her, or she seems too smart for them .... We 
are quite in the Dark what they are doing in Europe, having had hardly 
any Intelligence of a later date than Your Lordship's letter. However 
we look out very sharp for Ships at this Time to satisfie our Curiosity. 
I find there are two extraordinary Persons appointed Governors of 



uT 



^ 







XukiH (JATl-: AT \\'kM(i\KI< 



. t ! J 



.r- 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 3I 

Barbados and New York since the King's Accession. What a mis- 
fortune it would be for those Countrys if their Creditors should stop 
them with a Ne Exat Rccjno. By great Accident we have a very 
Worthy Man to represent Lord Orkney. It is Major Gooch, brother 
to an eminent Clergyman of that Name. He seems hitherto to maintain 
the Character of a very just Man, and has a reasonable share of good 
Sense, good Nature, and good Breeding. How long He may hold 
his Integrity I cannot warrant because Power and Flattery corrupt 
many a Hopeful Ruler. However we are not so apt to spoil our Gov- 
ernors as they are in the other Plantations, because we never compli- 
ment with one Penny more than their established Income. We dare not 
be generous to those who are Good, for fear of setting a Precident 
for those who are Bad. Most of the Colonies have been imprudent 
that way. They have done e.xtravigant things for Governors they have 
been fond of, which has afterwards been made a Rule for their Suc- 
cessors tho' never so disagreeable. Our Winter has been very severe 
this Year with Cold much keener than ever I felt in England ; but by 
the benefit of our Climate it has been very short and we begin now 
to expect our Spring which is always very beautiful and Fragrant. 
1 am much in Lord Boyle's Debt for the entertaining Peice of History 
He was so good as to send me, and shall thank Him for it by this Op- 
portunity. Whenever His Lordship engages in the Hazardous State 
of Matrimony I hope it will be to his Satisfaction in every Circum- 
stance. I am never so happy as when I understand that Your Lordship 
and all tor whom you have any concern are well, for I shall always 
remain y'r Lordship's most humble Serv't, 

W. BVRD." 



To John, Lord Boyle. 



"Virginia the 12th of Feb'y 1727-8. 
My Lord — Nothing can be more obliging than the Memoirs your 
Lordship has pleased to send me. They were so entertaining that I 
have almost worn out the Paper with often reading it [This was in 
response to a letter from Lord Boyle telling of his coming-of-age fes- 
tivities]. No grave Santercross at Wilks [Wills?] can be better in- 
formed of your Affairs both public and privat, than I am by the 
Favours of so kind a Correspondent. Pray continue that indulgence 
to a poor Hermit, because the next pleasure to being in the fine World 
is from time to time to receive an elegant account of it. A lively de- 
scription paints every Thing so strongly on the Fancy, that it almost 
cheats us into a belief that the Original is present, tho we are a little 
out of Temper when the Delusion vanishes, as our Ladies are when 
they are awakened out of a delightful Dream. When Your Lordship 



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22 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

did me the Honour of your Letter it was a little too soon to forsee 
what turn things would take. The King was just seated on the Throne, 
and doubtless under great Concern for the Death of his Royal Father. 
He had not then Leasure to look about Him, nor maturely consider the 
Situation of his Affairs. It might be necessary just at first to keep 
every Thing in the Old Channel, as the most likely means to prevent 
disorder and confusion. Hasty alterations, like hasty Physick might 
occasion Convulsions, just as when a Man jumps into a great Estate, 
it may be prudent to continue the same Steward (who He knows has 
cheated his Father) till he has got into full possession, and has got 
himself Master of his Business [The editor of the Orrery Papers says 
"This unflattering comparison and its following diatribe are of course 
aimed at Sir Robert Walpole"] after all this is done, it may be very 
proper Time to change hands, and make choice of more able and faith- 
full Servants. Thus when the King has tried the Temper of his 
Parliament at Home, and has concluded a lasting Peace abroad, it 
may be a right Season to make substantial Removes, and chuse such 
Persons to serve Him, as by their wise Administration may gain Him 
the Affections of His People. Such as may have the Industry of Her- 
cules to dense the State of Impurities much harder to remove than those 
of the Augean Stables. Such as may influence our Parliament by 
Arguments taken from Reason and Regard for the Publick Good, 
not from the Bank and the Exchequer. Such as will in earnest pay 
off the Nation's Debt and not increase it in Time of Peace. Such as 
will take off the Load that lies so heavy upon Trade and Industry 
and lay it upon Vice and Luxury. Such as will put the Laws into 
Vigorous Execution, without regard to Party or Respect of Persons. 
This would be a glorious Reign indeed if we could once see such Men 
advanced, but Princes who see with other Men's Eyes, will have great 
luck if they find out such absolute Rarieties. I am sorry our dear 
Friend the Colonel was toss't out of his Place so early and forced 
to move his lodgings. It is a great Character you give of the Major, 
that he is able to govern the most rebellious part of his Family with 
a Nod. It is more than Homer ever pretended to say of Jupiter, 
who was forced to add Menaces to the Terror of his Looks, and both 
together could hardly keep his Consort in Order. I have no skill m 
the Sex if his Lady did not need a pretty deal of subduing before 
she was brought under the Dominion of the Brow, the most absolute 
of all Governments. I am heartily glad that Your Lordship and Mr. 
Southwell are so happy in one another. I do not know where either 
of you could mend yourselves or share a better Task. May your 
Intimacy improve into perfect Friendship of which very few of this 
selfish Generation are capable. I beg you will continue me the Honour 
of Letters now and then, to enliven my Solitude and give a great deal 
of Pleasure to Your Lordship's most obedient Servant, 

W. Byru." 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 33 

To Charles^ E. of Orrery. 

"Virginia, May 27, 1728. 
It is some weeks since I returned Your Ldship my humble thanks 
for the letter you were so good as to write to me of the 20th of 
July 1727 ; at the same time I acknowledge my obligations to Lxl Boyle 
for his historical epistle in Sept. following. The next Memoir he sends 
me will I hope contain an account that he has been successful in his 
Addresses to Lady Harriot .... By our Squadrons being ordered 
from the West Indies, I hope the Prcliminarys have at last been rati- 
fyed by the K. of Spain. If afterwards the Congress at Cambray 
should spin out into as great a length as the Preliminaryes these 
pacifick Measurs will cost the Nation as much as a vigourous War. 
We might have had several handsome Engagements with as moderat 
Expence of Blood as our inactive Cruize in the Spanish West Indies 
has cost. They slid have sent a more phlegmatick Admiral than Hozier 
to command that santering Expedition. He dyed for very regret that 
his hands were tyed up from Action, not only when he had the greatest 
probability of Success, but when the mortality was so fatal to his 
Sailors, that he had barely enough alive to sail his ships. This struck 
that brave man to his heart, who wd much rather have gone out of the 
world by a 20 Pounder. But it is not for mortal man to choose his 
own way of going out of the world, no more than his own way of 
living in it .... I am but lately returned from a Progress where I 
breathed in worse air, if possible, than in Zeeland, having been em- 
ployed as a Commissioner for settling the Bounds between this Colony 
and North Carolina, in obedience to an Order from His late Majesty, 
to run a due West line from the North shoar of Corotreck Inlet, quit 
up the Apaluchian Mountains, in distance may be of about 300 miles. 
However we cd perform but half this work in the Spring, by reason 
of the impracticable ways we were obliged to go thro' for near 50 
miles from the Sea Side. We passed over several Bays and Rivers 
in our way, and marcht on foot over many Marshes, Boggs, and Po- 
cosins (this being quite impassible for horses) in which we had fre- 
quently the pleasure of plunging up to our knees. In these delightful 
Stations we pitcht our Tents every Night for near 3 weeks, meeting 
with no house but what was worse than the open Feild. But the most 
intolerable place of all was a vast Swamp, which by reason of the 
Dirt and difficulty of passing it, is called The Dismal. This extends 
30 miles in length and 15 in brea(d)th, and is one continued Quagmire, 
or Magazines of Water, covered over with a thin crust of Earth that 
trembles frightfully when one walks upon it. No humane creature 
ever passed this Avernus before, nor can any kind of Animal, not so 
much as an Insect or a Riptele live in it by reason of the great Briars, 
and the prickly Junipers, which grow so thickly all over it, that the 



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34 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

genial rays of the Sun never warm It. When the men made a fire, 
after burning half an Hour, it was sure to be extinguished by sinking 
into a hole of Water. No Bird will attempt to fly over It, such offensive 
Vapours arise continually out of this foul Place. The difficulty of our 
Journey cannot be better proved than by telling Your Lordship, that 
sixteen men were twelve days in going fifteen miles, and worked like 
horses all the way. A large Portion of The Dismal is covered only 
with Reeds, which being green and waving with every breeze have given 
it the name of the Green Sea. A hundred thousand Acres are con- 
tained in this mighty Bogg and seven Rivers take their rise from it. 
Thus entangled in bad Ways, we cd not with all our industry, carry 
our line further than -jz miles in a month. The rest we reserve for the 
Fall, when we hope to proceed as far as the Mountains. Thus have I 
troubled Your Ldsp with an account of my travels, and am with great 
respect, etc., etc. 

W. Byrd." 



To Lord Boyle. 

"Virginia, June 1731. 
I HAVE been honoured with two of Your Lordship's interesting 
Letters for which I return You a thousand thanks. . . . Among all 
our polite acquaintance you make no mention of that great Patriot 
Archibald Hutchison Esqre. The last Tydings I heard of Him were 
that he was a fourth time married. The poor Man is so lost in Wed- 
lock that I have never heard one Sylable from him since. ... I 
am now to make Your Lordship double Compliments, first on the Birth 
of your Second Son that I know of, and secondly on the Birth of a 
third who I can only hope is by this time come safe into the World. 
If your Fireside should increase upon you too fast, it will be a reason- 
able Argument to persuade the Earl of Orkney to make over his Gov- 
ernment of Virginia to you in his Life-time : His Lordship is very old 
and cannot long enjoy it himself. It would therefore be for the ad- 
vantage of his Family to get it transferred cA one of his Sons-in-Law, 
least if he should dy in possession of it, it might drop into other hands 
and be lost. If this could be brought about. Your Lordship might have 
your choice, whether you would come over, gnd be Monarch of a very 
fine Country, and make a very good Soart .of People happy, or whether 
you would stay in England, and receive a'- clear Remittance of 200 
pounds a year free from all Taxes and Deductions. I should think 
myself extremely happy if Your Ldsp would honour us with your 
Presence in that Station, but if this would be inconvenient you could by 
no means comfort me for my great Disappointment but by sending me 
a Deputation to represent Your Person, tho' at the same time it would 
be impossible for me to repre^ent your Perfections ; however I do my 



o 




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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 35 

best, and believe so well of myself that in such a Case you would not 
have the trouble of any complaints. Thus you see My Lord I have 
contrived very decently for myself either to have the Pleasure of Your 
Company, or else a good Place to recompence me for your Absence. 
. . . ^^'e live in the innocence of the Patriarch under our Vines and 
our Fig-trees surrounded by our Flocks and Herds. . . . We are 
all of one Religion and of one Party in Politics. . . . The Mer- 
chants of England take care that none of us grow very rich, and the 
felicity of the Clymate hinders us from being very poor. . . . We 
have no Beggars but for Places, which for want of Favorites, Court 
Mistresses and First Ministers are never sold. ... I am, My Lord, 
etc., etc. 

W. BVRD." 



To John, Earl of Orrery. 

"Virginia, the 20 of July, 1732. 
• MY LORD, — I daresay I shall find credit with your Lordship, 
when I assure You I am most sensibly concerned for the death of my 
very good Lord your Father. It will not become me to say how much 
I have lost in a Friend, when your loss has been so much greater in a 
Parent. Fur that reason, while I remember your Greif I must en- 
deavour to forget, or only drop a silent Tear for my own. It were im- 
possible not to pay that Tribute at least to the memory of a noble 
Lord whom I have loved and Admired for more than thirty years, 
especially when during that time He was pleased to honour me with a 
much greater share of distinction than I deserved. No wonder then 
that I had so true a Respect for his Lordship while he lived and feel 
so unaffected a concern for Him now he is dead. The account He 
gave me last year of his ill State of Health made me apprehend very 
much for Him ; it antedated my Sorrow, and tho' I was prepared be- 
forehand for the Stroke, yet it goes as deep as if it had all the aggra- 
vation of a Surprise. 

The chief comfort I could hope for in this mournfuU situation, is, 
that your Lordship, your Lady and your little Cherubs are perfectly in 
Health : but alas ! instead of that I am told by some of my Correspond- 
ent, that your Lordship's affliction for your Father has rendered you ex- 
tremely ill, and obliged you for that reason to make a long Campaign 
at Bath. There my intelligence ends and leaves me quite in the dark 
as to your Recovery. However, there is room to hope that you have 
found benefit by those healing Springs. Nevertheless I must take the 
boldness to expostulate a little with your Lordship for making so un- 
kind a secret of your Recovery, and envying an old Friend the pleasure 
of rejoicing at it. It is true, I believe, I am too partial to my own in- 



ti'jdt 



3^ VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

clinations to hope for the honour of hearing from you under all these 
melancholy circumstances : but you will be so good as to pardon my 
longings and believe it would be some consolation to be convinced that 
I have lost no more than one Friend. 

The time I proposed for my Pilgrimage into this new World is 
now almost expired : but the exceeding low Price Tobacco has yeilded 
ever since I have left England has not suffered me to discharge some 
Engagements I had the misfortune to lie under. It is that which with- 
holds me from the pleasure of returning to that enchanted Island, which 
I shall always long to do, so long as your Lordship is there, but I 
must wait with patience for that till better Times or better Fortune 
shall have re-established my Finances. In the meanwhile I must make 
the most of my Retirement, and content myself with Rural and Domes- 
tick joys, which have this advantage at least, that they are innocent 
and need but little repentance: It will be very charitable in your Lord- 
ship to animate these harmless delights, which are apt to be a little 
lethargick by honouring me sometimes with your commands, and let- 
inf me into your story. I should be glad to rejoice at any good that 
befalls you, and even to share in your greatest sorrows, if any such 
are reserved for the trial of your Fortitude. As your Father's Friend, 
my Lord, I look upon myself to be part of your Inheritance, and to be 
by hereditary Right, Your Lordship's most obedient humble Servant, 

W. BVRD." 



William Byrd's Epitaph on his tomb in the garden at "Westover" is 
as follows : 

[On the North Side] 

[Arms] 

Here lyeth 

the Honorable William Byrd, Esq. 

Being born to one of the amplest fortunes in this country 

He was sent early to England for his education ; 

Where under the care and direction of Sir Robert Southwell, 

And ever favored with his particular instruction. 

He made a happy proficiency in polite and various learning ; 

By the means of the same noble friend. 

He was introduced to the acquaintance of many 

of the first persons of that age 

For knowledge, wit, virtue, birth, or high station, 

and particularly contracted a most close and 

bosom friendship 
with" the learned and illustrious Charles Boyle, 

Earl of Orrery. 
He was called to the bar in the Middle Temple, 



ti "livoJfcoV/" Js It 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 37 

Studied for some time in the Low Countries, 

Visited the court of France, 

And was chosen Fellow of the Royal Society. 

[On the south side is the inscription:] 

Thus eminently fitted for the service and 

ornament of his country, 

He was made Receiver General of his 

Majestey's revenues here, 

was thrice appointed publick agent to 

the Court and ministry of England, 

and being thirty-seven years a member, 

at last became President of the Council of 

this colony. 

To all this were added a great elegance 

of taste and life, 

the well bred gentleman and polite Companion, 

the splendid economist and prudent father 

of a family, 

with-all the Constant enemy of all 

exorbitant power, 

and hearty friend to the liberties 

of his Country. 

Nat : Mar. 28, 1674, Mort Aug. 26, 1744, 

An Aetat. 70. 

William Byrd married ist. in 1706 Lucy, daughter of Col. Daniel 
Parke, Governor of the Leeward Islands, and formerly of Virginia ; 
she died in London, Dec. 1715. Col. Byrd married 2nd., about 1724, 
Maria, daughter and co-heiress of Thomas Taylor, of Kensington, Eng- 
land. 

Issue: (ist m.) I. Evelyn, born July 16, 1707, died unmarried, Nov. 
13. 1737; 2. Parke, born Sept. 6, 1709, died June 3, 1710; 3. Phillips Wil- 
liam born Feb. 23, and died Dec. 9, 1712; 4. Wilhemina, born Nov. 6, 
1715, married Thomas Chamberlayne, of New Kent County; (2nd. 
m.) 5. Anne, born in London Feb. 15, 1735, died Sept. 11, 1757, mar- 
ried Charles Carter of "Cleve," King George County; 6. Maria, born Jan. 
6, 1727, died Nov. 29, 1744, married Landon Carter, of "Sabine Hall," 
Richmond County; 7. Jane, born Oct. 13, 1729, m. John Page, of "North 
End," Gloucester Co. ; 8. William, of "Westover," born Sept. 26, 1728, 
died Jan. i, 1777, married ist. on April 14, 1748, Elizabeth Hill, daughter 
of John Carter, of "Shirley" ; 2nd. Mary, daughter of Charles Willing, 
of Philadelphia. 

S- Mann Page, of "Rosewell," Gloucester County, was born in 1691, 
and died Jan. 24, 1730. He was son of Matthew Page and grandson 
of John Page, each a member of the Colonial Council. He was sent 



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38 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

to England for education and entered Eton in 1706 and St. John's Col- 
lege, Oxford, in 1709. In 1714, when he was only twenty-three, he 
was appointed member of the Council. On March 9, of the preceeding 
year Governor Spotswood had recommended to the Lords Commission- 
ers of Trade the appointment to this position, of "Mr. Mann Page a 
young gentleman of a liberal education, good parts, and a very plentiful 
estate, whose father and grandfather both had the honor of the same 
post." He continued to be a member of the Council until his death. 
None of his letters or papers are known to exist, though his grandson. 
Governor Page refers to them in his autobiography, and his public 
career seems to have been merely the faithful performance of his duties 
as Councillor ; but his principal memorial was the home he built, Rose- 
well near the junction of Carter's Creek and York River, which was 
probably the largest mansion in Colonial Virginia. It consisted of a 
massive central building of three stories above a high basement, flanked 
by wings torn down many years ago, which formed a court and gave 
the house a frontage of two hundred and thirty two feet. The central 
building (destroyed by fire a few years ago) contained three wide halls, 
nine passages and twenty three rooms. The wings contained six rooms 
each. The main hall on the first floor was panelled with mahogany and 
the mahogany balustrade of the broad stair-case was carved to repre- 
sent baskets of fruits and flowers. 

In the later years of the Page ownership it was frequently not occu- 
pied by the family, and after its sale in 1838 passed through the hands 
of numerous owners, some of whom removed the wainscoting from the 
hall and the lead from the roof. Later it has had owners who have held 
it in high regard; but its size made it entirely unfitted for modern Vir- 
ginia country life conditions and it was long in a state of partial decay 
with its former pleasure grounds all gone. 

Mann Page married ist. in 1712, Judith, daughter of Ralph Wormelej', 
Secretary of State of Virginia. The long Latin epitaph on her tomb 
at "Rosewell," is printed in Dr. Page's Page Family. He married, 
2nd. in 1718, Judith, daughter of Robert Carter, President of the Coun- 
cil. Issue: (ist M.) I. Ralph, born Dec. 2, 1713. He was a student 
at William and Mary, but died young and unmarried; 2. Maria (stated 
to have been called Judith after her mother's death), married William 
Randolph, of "Tuckahoe," Goochland County. In October 1765 the 
General Assembly (Hening VIII, 161) passed an act reciting that Ralph 
Wormeley, formerly of the county of Middlesex, Esq. in his last will, 
dated Feb. 2, 1700, left his daughter Judith Wormeley (with certain 
reversions if she died without heirs), 1500 acres out of his land in 
Manskin Neck, King William Co. ; that the said Judith afterwards in- 
termarried with Mann Page, of the County of Gloucester, Esq. and 
had issue by him a daughter Mary, who intermarried with William 
Randolph, of Tuckohoe in the county of Goochland, who is since dead. 




Manx Page ok Rose well. 

Courtesy of William and Mary College Photograph by Frick Art 

Reference Library 



1 A Alii i 

<1«t<'».J v.; 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 39 

leaving Thomas Mann Randolph, Gentleman, his eldest son and heir, 
who is seized in tail of the said 1500 acres which he has agreed to sell 
to Carter Braxton, of the county fo King William, Gentleman. It is 
farther recited that said T. M. Randolph owns a tract of land, called 
Edgehill 2000 acres in the county of Albemarle and it would be much 
to tiie advantage of the said T. M. R. to dock the entail on the 1500 
and settle the 2000 acres to the same purposes. The Assembly passed 
the act accordingly. 

Mann Page had issue by 2nd. marriage : 3. Mann, of "Rosewell" who 
married ist. Alice, daughter of Hon. John Grymes (his father's col- 
league in the Council) and 2nd. Mary Tayloe ; 4. John of "North End," 
Gloucester County, who married, Jane, daughter of William Byrd, of 
"Westover," also his father's colleague in the Council ; 5. Robert of 
"Broadneck" Hanover County, married Sarah Walker; 6. Carter, student 
at William and Mary, died young and unmarried ; 7. Matthew, student 
at William and Mary, died young and unmarried ; 8. Daughter, died 
young. 

Mann Page married secondly as stated above, Judith, daughter of 
Robert Carter. Her grandson, Governor John Page, in his autobiog- 
raphical sketch (Viryinia Historical Register, III, 144) says "I was 
early taught to read and write, by the care and attention of my grand- 
mother, one of the most sensible and well informed women I ever 
knew. She was daughter of Hon. Robert Carter, who was President 
of the King's Council and Secretary of Virginia, [last statement er- 
roneous] and who at the same time held the rich office of agent for 
the Proprietor of the Northern Neck, by purchase from the Lord Pro- 
prietor, his friend, who was contented to receive but £300 per annum for 
it, as the report of the family stated. My grandmother excited in my 
mind an inquisitiveness, which, whenever it was proper, she gratified, 
and very soon I became so fond of reading, that I read not only all 
the little amusing and instructive books which she put into my hands, 
but many which I took out of my fathers and grandfathers collection, 
which was no contemptible library." 

We are indebted to Mr. Fairfax Harrison for a copy of the will of 
Mann Page made from one recorded in a suit in the (now extinct) 
Fredericksburg District Chancery Court. He has added a few notes. 
It is as follows : 

In the name of God, amen. I, Mann Page, of Rosewell, Esqr., do 
make this my last will and Testament, in manner following : 

First : I give and devise to my dear wife Judith the dwelling house, 
with all out houses thereunto belonging, where I now live, and the 
mansion house now building, with all the land thereunto adjoining, so 
far as the inward fence of the pasture runs, and the land late in the 
occupation of Mr. John Pratt, and also all the slaves which now be- 
long to my dwelling house and the house plantation, for and during 



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40 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

her natural life, and from and after her decease, to my son Ralph Page. 
Also I do give and devise to my said son Ralph Page all my lands in 
the County of Gloucester (excepting the land by me lately purchased 
of Col. Francis Willis and the slaves on the last mentioned land) and 
all my lands, called Machieson, in the County of Hanover, and all the 
lands, called Claybourne's Neck, in the County of King William, and 
the land by me lately purchased of Henry Chiles. I also give to my 
said son Ralph all the slaves now being or belonging to or on the sev- 
eral tracts of land to him hereby given, and also all slaves belonging 
to the several tracts of land which were the estate of his Mother, my 
deceased wife; which said lands by me given to my said son Ralph I 
do give and devise to him and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten; 
and, in failure thereof, to my son Mann Page and the heirs of his body 
lawfully begotten; and, in failure thereof, to my son Carter Page 
and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten ; and, in failure thereof, to 
my son John Page and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten ; and, 
in failure thereof, to my son Matthew Page and the heirs of his body 
lawfully begotten; and, in failure thereof, to my son Robert Page & 
heirs of his body lawfully begotten ; and, in failure thereof, to my 
daughters Mary and Lucy and to their heirs forever, equally to be 
divided between them. Likewise I give & devise to my said son Mann 
Page my tract of land lying at or near Hobbses Hole in the County of 
Essex and also all the slaves now upon or belonging to the said tract 
of land and to the heirs of his body lawfully begotten ; and, in failure 
thereof, to my said sons Carter, John, Matthew and Robert, successively 
and the successive heirs of their several Bodies forever ; and, on failure 
of such heirs, to my son Ralph Page and the heirs of his body law- 
fully begotten; and, in failure thereof, to my daughters Mary and 
Lucy and to their heirs forever, to be equally divided between them. 
It is my intent and meaning that the slaves on the tract of land hereby 
given to my said son Mann shd. be to him and his heirs forever. Also I 
give and devise to my said son Mann Page all my lands lying in the 
County of Spottsylvania to him and the heirs of his body lawfully be- 
gotten forever, and all my lands in the County of Prince William,* 
known by the name of Pageland, to him and the heirs of his body 
lawfully begotten forever ; and, for failure of such, to my said sons 
Carter, John, Matthew, Robert and Ralph, successively, and to the suc- 
cessive heirs of their several bodies forever ; and, on failure of such 
heirs, to my said daughters Mary and Lucy and their heirs forever, 
equally to be divided between them. As to the lands I hold in the 
County of Caroline in right of my present wife, with the slaves thereon, 
I do expect my father-in-law, Robert Carter, Esqr., will give [them] 
to my said sun Matm Page. Likewise I give and devise to my son 
Carter Page all that tract of land purchased by my late father, Mat- 

*i. e., in the Shenandoah, an interesting description. 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 4I 

them Page, Esqr., of Col. Wm. Bassett, deed., lying in the County of 
Hanover, under the same restrictions as are mentioned in the devise 
(if the lands to my son Mann Page. I also give to my said son Carter 
Page all the slaves and stock of Cattle and Hogs belonging to the lands 
hereby given to him. I likewise give and devise to my son Carter 
Page the reversion & reversions and all the right, title and interest I 
have in the lands late of my Uncle Mr. Francis Page and which are 
now in the possession of Mr. David Bray, to my said son Carter, under 
the same limitations as are mentioned in the devise of the land to my 
son Mann Page. Likewise, I give and devise to my son John Page all 
that tract of land lying in the Parish of Ware, in the County of Glou- 
cester, by me lately purchased of Col. Francis Willis, to my said son 
John and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten forever, under the 
same limitations as are mentioned in the devise of the lands to my son 
Mann Page. I also give to my son John all the slaves and stock of 
Cattle and Hogs belonging to the land hereby devised to him, to my 
son John and his heirs forever. I likewise give to my said son John 
five hundred pounds of Sterling money, to be paid him when he shall 
attain to the age of twenty-one years. Likewise I give and bequeath 
to my son Matthew two thousand pounds of Sterling money, to be paid 
to him when he shall attain to the age of twenty-one years. Likewise 
I give and bequeath to my son Robert two thousand pounds of Sterling 
money, to be paid him when he shall attain to the age of twenty-one 
years! I also give to my daughter Mary Page two thousand pounds of 
Sterling money, to be paid to her when she shall attain to the age of 
twenty-one years. Also I give to my daughter Lucy five hundred pounds 
of Sterling money, in hopes and confidence that her mother, my dear 
wife, will make further provision for her. And I further give and be- 
queath to my dear and ever loving wife one equal third part of my per- 
sonal estate over and above what is hereby before given to her. I 
also give to my son Ralph all the stocks of Cattle and Hogs now be- 
longing to the lands hereby to him given, except the stocks on the 
home plantation, the use whereof I give to my dear wife during her 
life and after her death to belong to my son Ralph. It is my will and 
desire that my sons Matthew and Robert be put in the Army or Navy 
of England so soon as they shall be capable of it, and that their Edu- 
cation be such as is proper to qualify them for those services. It is 
further my will and intent that the slaves and stocks hereby given to 
my said sons be kept upon the lands to which they belong until my sons 
shall severally attain to the age of twenty-one years and that out of the 
profits arising by the said slaves and lands my children shall be main- 
tained and educated suitable to their quality and circumstances and that 
the residue of the said profits be applied towards paying my debts and 
the legacies hereby given. And I do hereby constitute & appoint my 
ever honoured father-in-law and dear friend, Robert Carter, Esqr., 



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42 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

my dear and esteemed friend, John Carter, Esqr., guardians of my sons 
until they shall severally attain to the age of twenty-one years, and I do 
appoint my dear wife guardian to my daughters Alary and Lucy. 

Lastly, of this my last will and testament, I do constitute and 
appoint the said Robt. Carter, John Carter, Robert Carter the younger, 
Charles Carter and Landon Carter, Exors., and George Carter and my 
sons Ralph, Mann, Carter, John, Matthew and Robert, to be Executors 
when they shall be qualified by law to take the execution of my will 
upon themselves. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal, the 
twenty-fourth day of January, in the year 1730. 

(Signed) Mann Page. 

Signed, sealed, published and declared by the said Mann Page as his 
last will, the interlineation in the fourth line being first made, in pres- 
ence of— Francis Willis, Emanuel Jones, George Nicholas, John Clayton.* 

I, Mann Page, of Rosewell, in the County of Glostor, Esqr., do make 
this Codicil to my last will and Testament. 

Whereas, I am interested in several tracts of land formerly in the 
County of Stafford, now Prince Wm. County, in partnership with Robt. 
Carter, Esqr., Robert Carter, Jr., and Charles Carter, on which lands 
the said partners are now digging for Copper oar & whereas I, the said 
Mann Page, and the partners have entered into several articles of agree- 
ment for settling the said Lands and carry on the said Copper Work, 
and from time to time to defray the charge thereof. 

Now it is my will & desire, and I do hereby order, that the part 
of the said Articles by me to be performed be performed by my executors 
or some of them in my will named, at the charge of my wife and my 
six sons hereafter named, according to their respective interest therein, 
and I do devise and bequeath one seventh part of my share of the said 
lands and mine to my dear wife for and during her natural life, and the 
other six parts to be equally divided between my six sons, Ralph, Mann, 
Carter, John, Matthew, Robert, and to the heirs of their Bodies law- 
fully begotten and, in case of the death of either of my said sons 
without issue, then the part and share of the son so dying shall be 
equally divided amongst the surviving sons & the heirs of their bodies, 
respectively, and the part here given to my dear wife, after her death 
to be equally divided among my said six sons and the heirs of their 
bodies, respectively. 

In witness whereof I, the said Mann Page, have hereunto set my 
hand and seal this 24" day of January, in the year of our Lord Christ, 
1730. 

(Signed) Mann Page. 

'Doctor, lawyer, preacher — was Willis the "Merchant Chief." 



9A. 



,U 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 43 

Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of Francis Willis, Emanuel 
Jones, George Nicholas, John Clayton. 

Meni", the name Mann Page, subscribed to the within writing, was, 
by the order of the said Mann Page and in his presence, written by 
Col. Francis Willis. In presence of George Nicholas, John Clayton, 
Emanuel Jones. 

At a General Court held at the Capitol, the 28" day of April, 1731. 
This will and Codicil of Mann Page, Esqr., deed., was presented in 
Court by Robert Carter and John Carter, Esqr., two of the Executors 
therein named, who made oath thereto, and the same were further proved 
by the oaths of Francis Willis, Geo. Nicholas and John Clayton, wit- 
nesses thereto and ordered to be recorded and are recorded. 

Teste, Matt. Kemp, Ck. Gel. Ct. 

"On Saturday, the 24" of January, 1730 (before day), I received a 
letter from Dr. Geo. Nicholas, dated at Rosewell at two Oclock that 
morning, acquainting me that he believed Col. Page was drawing to- 
wards the end of his life and wished I would come with Mrs. Nicholas 
early ihat morning to receive the Colonel's last will. I waited upon 
Mrs. Nicholas and we arrived there about half an hour after nine. I 
was there but a few minutes before a servant told me the Col. desired 
to see me. I went immediately into his bed chamber and he ordered 
every one present to go out of the Room and I shut the Door. Then 
he told me he desired I would write his will. I presently got pen, ink, 
and paper and set down at a table close to his Bed side. I told him 
then the best way would be for him to tell me in particular heads how 
he would have his estate disposed of, and I would afterwards put them 
in a proper form and method, to which he answered he feared there 
would not be time to do that, and said further to me, "you must begin 
the will now and write it as well as you can from my mouth." There- 
fore, I began the will and desired him to tell me how he disposed of 
his estate, which he did do in the manner written in the will and in 
most places in his own words. After every sentence was writ I read 
it distinctly to him and then asked him if it was according to his in- 
tent, to which he always made answer that it was. When the whole 
Will was written, with the interlineations, I read it again distinctly to 
him, and then asked him if it was done according to his meaning and 
intent, and he answered it was. All this time Col. Page appeared to me 
to be as perfect in his understanding and senses as I ever knew him, 
but in my apprehension he seemed to be doubtful whether he should 
live till I could finish the will, often calling upon mc to know if I had 
made an end of a sentence, and pressing me to make haste. After I 
had writ most part of the will I told the Col. my hand grew weak & 
trembling and proposed that Dr. Nicholas or Daniel Wilkinson might 
be called in to write and that I would dictate as he should direct. He 
paused a little and said no and that I should make an end tho' it were 



44 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

longer in doing. About seven O'clock that night the will was finished 
and executed and then by the Col's, order sealed up and delivered by 
me to his wife. During the time Col. Page was dictating his will he 
would not suffer any person to be in the Room with us except a little 
Mulatto Boy of about eight years old which he kept there to call other 
people when he wanted them, and when Mrs. Page, Dr. Nicholas or 
the servants came in, as they often did to administer him, he constantly 
left off speaking to me until they were gone away. Whenever he spoke 
to Mrs. Page he expressed himself with the greatest affection and 
tenderness imaginable for her and said several times she had been the 
best of wives and that he would reward her for it. Col. Page did 
not ask any advice in any particular of this will, nor did I know how 
the lands he possessed as heir to his father and to his mother were set- 
tled. I avoided asking him several questions least it might delay the 
Business so that the will could not be finished before he should die. 
As soon as the will was executed Col. Page told me before Mr. Presi- 
dent and the witnesses to the will, that he had forgot to dispose of the 
interest he had in some lands and Copper Mines in the Northern Neck. 
I told him that might be done in a Codicil. Then he told me before 
those persons in what manner he would have it given and to whom. We 
all then went into another Room and left the Col. Dr. Nicholas writ 
the Codicil as I dictated to him, then I carried it to Col. Page & read 
it distinctly to him and asked him if it was according to his directions. 
He said it was. Then it was executed before all the witnesses to the 
will about eight O'clock and about nine o'clock that night Col. Page 
departed this life. The above narrative was written the ninth day of 
February in the year 1730, by me, John Clayton. Since which time I 
have perused a Copy of the said will and do find that the slaves be- 
longing to the lands in Spottsylvania and Prince William, given to 
Mann Page, son of the Testator, are not thereby devised, which I be- 
lieve was occasioned by forgetfulness in Col. Page; otherwise that he 
would have given those slaves to his son Mann Page in the same manner 
as the slaves belonging to the other lands given to the said Mann Page 
and to the other sons of the Testator are devised; and, whereas, in the 
several devises of the land to Carter Page and to John Page the estates 
are expressed to be given under the same limitations as are mentioned 
in the devise of the lands of Mann Page, I did understand the meaning 
of the Testator in these two devises to have been that on failure of issue 
of the body to Carter Page or of John Page that Mann Page should 
be the first who should take those estates in remainder. I, John Clayton, 
of Williamsburg, Esqr., at the request of the Honoble. Robert Carter 
and John Carter, Esqrs., guardians to the sons of Mann Page, Esqr., 
deed., and two of the Exors. of his will, do make oath that what is 
contained in the above paper is true. 

(Signed) John Clayton." 



h. 






VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 45 

April the — th. 

Sworn in the General Court the day and year above written, by the 
above named John Clayton, Esqr., and by the Court ordered to be re- 
corded and is recorded. 

Teste, Matt. Kemp, Ck. Genl. Ct. 

A Copy, Ben. Waller, Ck. Ct. 

Mann Pages beautiful marble tomb in the family burying ground at 
"Rosewell," fell apart long ago, but was restored by the late Mrs. 
Fielding Taylor. The epitaph is as follows : 

Here lie the remains of the Honourable Mann Page Esq. 

Once of His Majesties Council of this Collony 

of Virginia. 

Who departed this life the 24th day of January 1730 

In the 40th year of his Age. 

He was the only son of the Honourable Matthew Page Esq. 

Who was likewise a member of His Majesties Council. 

His first wife was Judith Daughter of Ralph Wormeley Esq. 

Secretary of Virginia ; 

By whom he had two Sons and a Daughter 

He afterwards married Judith Daughter of the 

Hon'''* Robert Carter Esq. 

President of Virginia 

With whom he lived in the most tender 

reciprocal affection 

For twelve years ; 

Leaving by her five Sons and a Daughter. 

His publick Trust he faithfully Discharged 

with 

Candour and Discretion 

Truth and Justice. 

Nor was he less eminent in his private Behaviour 

For he was 

A tender husband and Indulgent Father 

A gentle Master and a faithful Friend 

Being to All 

Courteous and Benevolent Kind and Afifable 

This Monument was piously erected to his memory 

By His mournfully Surviving Lady 

It is evident that the building of "Rosewell" was a heavy burden on 
the Page estate. An act of Assembly, Sept. 1744 (Hening V, Tjy^ re- 
cited that Mann Page, late of Rosewell, in the county of Gloucester de- 
ceased, was in his life time seized of a very valuable estate in lands 






itjoiv£;d'). 



'{■ - ^,M 



46 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

lying in divers parts of the Colony, and more especially a tract of land 
called Page land in the county of Prince William, 10610 acres ; of one 
called Page-land in the county of Frederick, formerly Prince William, 
8007 acres ; one in Spotsylvania Co. 4500 acres ; one near Hobb's Hole, 
Essex, 1380 cares; one called Pamocra, James City County, 900 acres; 
one in Hanover Co. 2000 acres; and also the reversion of about 700 
acres adjoining the City of Williamsburg in York County; a tract 
called Neck of Land, James City County, 1700 acres; a tract called 
"Pampatike" King William Co. 1000 acres; all the reversionary lands 
expectant upon the death of Elizabeth, wife of David Bray, Gentleman, 
and being possessed of a large number of slaves and considerable per- 
siderable personal estate, made his will, dated Jan. 4, 1730 (various de- 
vises are here recited) ; that soon after testators death his sons Ralph 
and Carter Page departed this life as did David Bray and Elizabeth his 
wife, and their interests became vested in Mann Page, son of the testator. 

It is also recited that the testator at the time of his death was con- 
siderably indebted to persons in Great Britain and this Colony to an 
amount greater than the value of his slaves and personal property ; that 
said Mann Page (Junior) had been obliged to advance much of his 
own money to prevent creditors from bringing suits, and that after thir- 
teen years experience he finds it impossible to raise sufficient money out 
of the property of the said estate and desires permission to sell the 
lands mentioned to pay his father's debts and the portions of his younger 
brothers and sisters. The Assembly passed an act docking the entail 
of said lands and authorizing their sale for the purposes mentioned. 
The act also directed that the following slaves part of those devised 
by the testator to Ralph Page, to wit : Abram, Barnaby, John, Rachel, 
Lucy, Mary, Bob, Nanny, Billy, John, Tom, Beck, Nanny, Lucy, Bob, 
Judy, Alice, John, Frank, Joshua, Soloman, Jemimy, Jack, Margaret, 
Daniel, Jemimy, Sarah, Anthony, now being upon and belonging to the 
quarter at Rosewell ; James, Nicholas, Hannah his wife, Nell, Rachel, 
Harry, Billy, Davy, Jamimy, Bob, London, Isabel, Sue, Moses, Aaron, 
Sarah, Oliver, Dick, Jack, now being upon and belonging to Clay Bank 
quarter; Jack, Betty his wife, Billy, Dick, Bridget, Nat, Edward, Betty 
his wife, Dick, Jeffry, Mary, John, London, Harry, Jack, Jenny, Sarah, 
now being upon and belonging to Scotland quarter; Harry, Sarah his 
wife, Harry, Betty, Bob, Jemimy, Betty, Charles, Frank, Mat, Will, 
now being upon and belonging to Clements quarter, all in the county of 
Gloucester, with the increase of such female slaves, shall be annexed 
to the lands in Gloucester devised to Ralph Page and now in the pos- 
session of Mann Page. 

The standard genealogy of the Pages is Dr. R. C. M. Page's Gcncalotjy 
of the Page I^ainily in Virginia, two editions 1883 and 1893. Except 
for England and the earliest Virginia generations it contains but little 
in the way of evidence from wills, etc., and has the most remarkable 



t r Ai ii\ fiuit hue 



Jl, 'fcn )lii«fJ 1 'rA'iH XiJ tJtii i;ilit 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 47 

defect of omitting all references to Confederate services by members 
of the family. Dr. Page himself was a gallant Confederate artillery 
Captain. 

* Cole Digges, of "Belfield", York County, was born in 1692, and 
died in 1744. He was son of Dudley Digges, member of the Council, 
grandson of Edward Digges, Governor of Virginia, and great grandson 
of Sir Dudley Digges, of Chilham, Kent, England, Master of the 
Rolls. He was appointed to the Council in 17 19 and by reason of long 
service rose to be President of that body. On Sept. 16, 1728, he was 
commissioned Lieutenant and Commander-in-Chief of the counties of 
Elizabeth City, Warwick and York. He married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Dr. Henry Power, of York county and had issue: 

I. Edward, of "Belfield", (died March 22, 1769), married Aug. 9, 
1730, Anne, "daughter of the late Nathaniel Harrison Esq., of the 
Council" ; 2. William, of Denbigh, Warwick county, married Frances, 
daughter of Anthony Robinson, of York County ; 3. Dudley, of York 
County and Williamsburg, died June 3, 1790, aged 61 ; married ist 
Mary Armistead, 2nd Elizabeth, daughter of Ralph Wormeley, of 
"Rosegill"; 4. Mary, (1717-1744) married Nathaniel Harrison, of 
"Brandon"; 5. Susannah, married Aug. 23, 1739, Benjamin Harrison, 
of "Wakefield". 

The epitaph of Cole Digges at "Belfield" is as follows : 

"This Monument was Erected 

By Colonel Edward Digges to ye 

memory of a most indulgent Father 

The Honbie Cole Digges Esquire 

who having been many years one 

of his Majestys Honor'>'« Council for this 

Colony Sometime President of ye same 

Died in the LH-^ year of his age 

in the year of our Lord MDCCXLIV. 

Digges ever to Extremes untaught to bend 

Enjoying Life yet mindful of his end 

In thee the world an happy meeting saw 

of sprightly humour and religious awe. 

Chearful not wild, facetious yet not mad 

Tho grave not sour though serious never sad 

Mirth came not called to banish from within 

Intruding pangs of unrepented sin. 

And thy religion was no Studied Art 

To vanish guilt but purify the Heart 

What less then a felicity most rare 

Need spring from such a temper & such care 

Now in the city taking great delight 

To vote new laws or old interpret right 

Now crowds & Business quitting to receive 

The joys Content in Solitude can give 

With equal praise then shone among the great 



JiWlS :,'!J IH: 



(J >o 



\a 



48 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

And graced the humble pleasure of Retreat 
Displayed thy Dignity in every Scene 

And tempted or betrayed to nothing mean 
Whate'er of thee was mean beneath it lies, 

The rest unstained is claimed by the skies. 

A genealogy of the Virginia branch of the Digges family was pub- 
lished in the William and Mary Quarterly I, 80-89, 140-155, 208-214; 
and copies of the epitaphs on the tombs at "Belfield" appear in Meade's 
Old Churches and Families of Virginia I, 244, 245, and Collections of 
the Virginia Historical Society XI, 107-109. 

" Peter Beverley, of Gloucester county, was son of Major Robert 
Beverley, of Middlesex county, long a prominent figure in our colonial 
history. Peter Beverley was clerk of the House of Burgesses 1691-99, 
clerk of Gloucester county 1702-1714 and probably other years, Speaker 
of the House of Burgesses 1700-1714, Treasurer of Virginia 1710-23, 
appointed to the Council in 17 19, and died 1728. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Major Robert Peyton, of "Isleham", Gloucester countj', 
and granddaughter of Sir Edward Peyton, Bart. He had issue: i. 
Anne, married Henry Whiting (died 1728) of Gloucester County; 
2. Elizabeth, born Jan. i, 1691, died Dec. 26, 1725, married, June 22, 
1709, Col. William Randolph (2nd) of "Turkey Island"; 5. Susanna, 
married Sir John Randolph, Knt., of Williamsburg. See Va. Magazine 
of History and Biography III, 169, 170, 261-268. 

"John Carter, son of Robert Carter, of '"Corotoman", who at this 
time was acting Governor, was born in 1696 and died April 30, 1743. 
The entry in regard to his admission to Trinity College, Cambridge, 
is as follows : "Carter, John, son of Robert Carter of Virginia, America. 
School, Mile End, London (Mr. Maltaire). Age 18, Fellow Commoner, 
January 12, 1714. Tutor, Mr. Baker (matriculated 1714. Did not 
graduate)". He afterwards studied at the Middle Temple, and returned 
to Virginia, where he was appointed Secretary of State in 1722 and 
member of Council 1724. He inherited great landed estates, including 
"Corotoman" from his father, and by marriage in 1723, with Eliz- 
abeth Hill, the heiress of "Shirley" acquired that and the other Hill 
estates. 

There is no positive proof as to which of the Edward Hills was 
the father of Mrs. Elizabeth Carter. The late Mrs. Carter, of "Shirley", 
stated years ago that there were no family papers dealing with this 
matter ; and the records of Charles City county, which would have 
contained full lecords were destroyed during the Civil War. Mrs. 
Elizabeth Carter is usually stated to have been a daughter of Col. 
Edward Hill (2nd), but it seems rather improbable that a woman 
who married in 1723 should be the daughter of a man born in 1637. 
She was probably the only child of his son, Edward Hill (3rd). 

John and Elizabeth (Hill) Carter had issue: i. Charles (1732-1806), 
of "Corotoman" and "Shirley", married 1st Mary Walker, daughter 
of Charles Carter, of "Cleve", 2nd Anne Butler, daughter of Bernard 
Moore, of "Chelsea". Charles Carter's will is printed Va. Magazine 
of History and Biography XXII, 380-382; 2. Edward, of "Blenheim", 
married Sarah, daughter of Col. John Champe, of "Lamb's Creek", 
King George county. Edward Carter died in Fredericksburg, and an 
abstract of his will, proved in Spotsylvania, June 6, 1792, is in Crozier's 
Virginia County Records, Spotsylvania (N. Y. 1905), p. 48; 3. Eliz- 
abeth Hill, married (ist wife), William Byrd 3rd, of "Westover". 




Ion .\ (/akti.k oi- Sii nu.i-.v. 



CijLirtesy uf Mis. Alii-e CarUr l{ransf(ji<l. 
of Shirley. 



I'hototiiaph by Flick Art 
Kel'c'iince Library 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 49 

° John Grymes (1691-1748), of "Brandon", Middlesex county, was a 
Burgess 1718, 1720, and 1722, and was appointed to the Council in 
1725. He was Auditor General 1718 etc., and Receiver General 1723- 
1748. He married Lucy, daughter of Philip Ludwell, of "Greenspring" 
and had ten children. An elaborate genealogy of the Grymes family 
was published a few years ago in this Magazine, XXVH, 184-187, 
403-413; XXVHI, 90-96, 187-192-b, 374, 375. 

'" Richard Buckner, of Essex county, was son of John Buckner, the 
immigrant member of the family, who had the distinction of bringing 
the first printer, William Nuthead, to Virginia, and who after print- 
ing the acts of the session of 1682, was stopped by order of Council. 
Richard Buckner patented 500 acres on the Rappahannock at Golden 
Vale (now in Caroline) and in 1720 and 1723, 4507 acres in King and 
Queen. On Aug. 17, 1715 he was granted 179 acres in St. Mary's 
Parish, Essex, "adjoining two tracts of land belonging to said Buckner, 
of 1000 and 300 acres". In 1704 he paid quit rents on 1200 acres in 
Essex. He was clerk of the House of Burgesses in 1714 and of 
Essex 1 703-1712 and probably a longer time." He lived in later years 
in Caroline county (which had been formed from Essex). He married 
Elizabeth (Cooke?) and died in Caroline. The will book has been 
destroyed ; but the court order book shows that his will was proved 
March 4, 1733, by Elizabeth and Richard Buckner. 

He had issue: i. Richard, justice of Caroline 1732, sheriff 1753, 
died 1777; 2. Philip, of Louisa county, where he died in 1762; 3. John, 

of Caroline county, married Sarah ; 4. William, of "The Neck", 

Caroline county ; 5. Elizabeth, probably married Alordecai Cooke. 

See The Buckncrs of Virginia. By W. A. Crozier, privately printed, 
New York, 1907. 

'' There can be little doubt that Larkin Chew was descended from 
John Chew, a very early settler in Virginia, whose sons removed to 
Maryland, and founded prominent families there and in Delaware and 
Pennsylvania. It has been stated that Joseph Chew, of Maryland, son 
of John the emigrant, married a Miss Larkin of Annapolis, and was 
father of Larkin Chew; but no documentary evidence has been, so 
far, disclosed, which would substantiate this, and it must be, for the 
present, regarded as unproved. 

Larkin Chew lived in King and Queen in 1703, and later in Essex 
and Spotsylvania. He was a Justice of the last named county in 1722, 
sheriff in 1727 and 1728, and member of the House of Burgesses 1723 
and 1726. He was evidently an energetic man, a large buyer and seller 
of lands and with other irons in the fire, for though in his deeds 
he is always styled "gentleman", in the various grants to him he is 
called, variously, "gentleman", and "builder" or "carpenter". He no 
doubt took contracts for building houses. Our ancestors of the co- 
lonial period, no matter what their overseas ancestry may have been, 
would have laughed at some of the foolishness talked by their de- 
scendants, who state with pride that their forefathers were never in 
trade or mechanical pursuits. The fact is that these same forefathers 
engaged in any kind of business they thought would be profitable. Be- 
ing men much engaged in business they did not often do the practical 
work, but they supervised it. Mr. Cocke did not stand behind the 
bar in the tavern he owned at Varina, and Charles Carter, of "Cleve" 
and Nathaniel Harrison, of "Wakefield" did not actually work at the 
oven in their bakeries of ship biscuit, nor did Henry Cary and Larkin 
Chew have time to saw and plane ; but they would not have under- 
stood any one who thought that owning any kind of business was 
discreditable. 



50 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Larkin Chew was doubtless a dealer in lands before Spotsylvania 
county was formed; but the records of that county from Aug., 1722 
to Chew's death in 1729, contain 39 deeds frum him, conveying, in all, 
18,047 acres in that county. These were to John Spicer, King George; 
Nicholas Hawkins, planter, Spotsylvania ; William Robertson, Spotsyl- 
vania ; Richard Booker, gent., Spotsylvania ; Samuel Moore, Spotsyl- 
vania ; Edward Fisher, carpenter, Spotsylvania ; Lawrence Franklyn, 
planter, Spotsylvania ; Thomas Butler, Spotsylvania ; William Brandi- 
gam, planter, Spotsylvania ; Philip Brendigem, planter, Spotsylvania ; 
Samuel Loyd, Spotsylvania; George Tribble, King and Queen; Jona- 
than Clark, St. Margaret's Parish, King and Queen ; David Brown, 
South Farnham Parish, Essex ; William Lyndsay, planter, Spotsyl- 
vania ; Henry Rogers, planter, Spotsylvania ; Abraham Brown, South 
Farnham, Essex ; William Hutcherson, planter, Spotsylvania ; James 
Sames, South Farnham, Essex; Joseph Brock, gent., King and 
Queen (9020 acres) ; Henry Martin, Spotsylvania; William Bradbourne, 
South Farnham, Essex ; John Hawkins, gent., St. Anne's Parish, Essex ; 
Nicholas Copland, Essex ; James and Uriah Garton, Spotsylvania ; Amey 
Sutton, Spotsylvania ; Lazarus Tilly, planter, Spotsylvania ; his son, 
John Chew, Spotsylvania (part of a tract of land patented by Larkin 
Chew, April 6, 1712) ; his son Thomas Chew, Spotsylvania, "land 
where said Thomas now lives" ; his son, John Chew, Spotsylvania, 
"land where said John now lives". 

Larkin Chew's will was dated May 11, 1728, and proved in Spot- 
sylvania, April I, 1729, executor, son Larkin Chew; legatees: sons 
Thomas and John Chew, daughter Nan Johnson, wife of William 
Johnson [Johnston], son Larkin Chew Jr., all rest of estate, after 
debts are paid, wife Hannah to have first choice, to maintain her 
and "my mother Ruth Green", during their lives, with reversion to 
Larkin Chew Jr. 

Larkin Chew married Hannah Roy. 

Issue : 

1. Thomas, described in several deeds as eldest son and heir. 
Thomas Chew, of Spotsylvania county, gent., conveyed to Larkin 
Chew land where said I^arkin lives, being part of grants dated 
April 6, 1712, and Dec. 23, 1714, to Capt. Larkin Chew, deceased. 
In 1732 he was of St. Mark's Parish, Spotsylvania, and in 
1738 of the same parish in Orange county, Dec. 19, 1746 there 
is a deed in Spotsylvania from Thomas Chew of St. Thomas' 
parish. Orange, and Martha his wife; he married Martha, 
daughter of James Taylor (2nd). 

2. John, of Spotsylvania, will proved there July 6, 1756; married 
(license June 26, 1729) Margaret, daughter of Harry Beverley. 

3. Larkin Chew, of Spotsylvania, will proved there Sept. 21, 1770; 
married (license Sept. 30, 1733) Mary, daughter of Harry 
Beverley. 

4. Ann married William Johnston, of Spotsylvania. On April 13, 
1737, William Johnston, of Spotsylvania, gent., made a deed for 
519 acres. There is a genealogy of the Virginia Chews ( with 
very few dates) in I'lic TJioiiias Book, by Lawrence B. Thomas, 
New York, 1896, pp. 276-284. 

'- All visitors to Bruton Church, Williamsburg, will note the group 
of substantial tombs in the churchyard, bearing the arms and epitaphs 
of the family of Bray, once prominent in that section, but now prob- 
ably extinct. David Bray, of James City county, was born in 1669 and 
died October 5, 1731. He was son of David Bray, of James City 
Co., and grandson of James Bray, of the i>ame county who was ap- 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 5I 

pointed to the Council in 1670. Sarah, wife of Thomas Bray, an 
uncle of David Bray, of the text, founded a scholarship at William 
and Mary, and Elizabeth Bray, daughter of his first cousin, James 
Bray, established a free school in Isle of Wight county in 1753. David 
Bray married Elizabeth (1702-1734) eldest daughter of John Page, 
who was a nephew of Col. John Page, emigrant ancestor of that well 
known family. The younger John Page, married his cousin, the only 
child and heiress of Capt. Francis Page (son of Col. John) a man 
of large means. As David and Elizabeth Bray died without issue the 
estate inherited by them from Francis Page reverted to Mann Page, 
the younger, of "Rosewell". 

There is a genealogy of the Bray family in the IVilliam and Mary 
Quarterly, XIII, 266-269. 

The Bray arms on the tombs at Bruton are: Ac, a chezron between, 
three eagles legs erased, a la ciiissc, armed gu. Crest : an ounce ppr. 
On the tomb of David Bray (which also has the epitaph of his wife 
Elizabeth) these arms have also those of Page on an inescutcheon. 
The epitaph of David Bray is as follows : 

H. s E. 

DAVID BR.\Y 

Vir 

Forma Ingenio Morum Suavitate et Comitate Praetor 

Serenissimo Regi Georgio Secundo 

Conciliis in Virginia Constitubus 

Tamen ante Munus Susceptum florente Aetate 

Morte abreptus 

ELISABETHANE 

jOHANNis PAGE, Arminger Filiam Natu primam 

Sibi Matrimonio conjunctam habuit 

Mutuo AfFectus conjunctissimam. 

et sine Prole maerentem reliquit 

Octob 5° 1731 aetat 32 

Ilia Amoris Conjugalii Extremum Pignus 

Hoc Monumentum posuit 

'^Daniel Hornby, of Richmond county, who was born 1690 and died 
Feb. 14, 1749, was son of Daniel Hornby, tailor, of Richmond county, 
whose will was proved in 1705. Daniel Hornsby, the younger, married 
1714 Winifred, daughter of Captain Samuel Travers, of old Rappa- 
hannock county. Daniel Hornsby (or Hornby's) will was dated Oct. 
13, 1749 and proved in Richmond county April 2, 1750. All estate, 
with the exceptions stated, to Travers Colston and Rawleigh Colston ; to 
Taverner Beale a diamond ring ; legacy to Winifred, daughter of Capt. 
William Bcale, a Latin master to attend Travers Colston at £20 a year 
for 5 years, he shall be obliged to teach ten scholars ; legacies to Mr. 
William Bcale's son William and Mr. Colston' sson William; Thomas 
Beale, son of Capt. Beale, and William Beale, son of Capt. William 
Beale. 

" Thomas Beale, emigrant ancestor of the family was born prior 
to 1626, married prior to 1647 and emigrated to Virginia prior to March 
25, 1649; was J. P. for York Co. 1652 and Major of militia 1661. He 
was appointed to the Council in 1662 and probably remained a member 
of that body until his death. King Charles II, in a letter, dated Sept. 



52 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

30, 1668 to the Governor of Virginia, recommended for appointment 
as' Commander of the fort at Point Comfort, Thomas Beale, of "whose 
ability and prudence the King hath had long experience." He appar- 
ently left no will and the exact date of his death is not known; but 
it could doubtless be ascertained from the order books of York county. 

He married Alice (possibly a widow) who made a deed, Sept. 23, 

1702, as "widow of Col. Thomas Beale" conveying land in York to her 
grandson Peter Goodwyn, with remainder to her grandson Thomas Beale 
of Rappahannock. Her will dated Oct. 9, 1700, was proved in \ork 
county Her legatees were her granddaughter, Elizabeth Powell, grand- 
sons Thomas Beale, Thomas, son of Francis Reade, Benjamin, son 01 
Thomas Reade and Peter Goodwyn. , ^ , t /i 

Col. Thomas Beale' had an only son Captain Thomas" Beale, Jr (born 
1647, died 1679) who patented land in Rappahannock county (then in- 
cluding Richmond county) in 1662, was appointed J. P. for York 1673, 
and soon afterwards removed to "Chestnut Hill" m the present Richmond 
county He married Ann, daughter of William Gooch, member of the 
Council (whose broken tomb remains at the site of the old church near 
Yorktown). His tomb, at "Chestnut Hill", has the following epitaph: 

"Here lyes the body of 
Capt. Thomas Beale Jr who 
Took to wife Ann daugh- 
ter of Col. William Gough 
And had by her two sons & 
Two daughters. He depart- 
ed this life the 17th day 
• of Oct. 1679 
.States suae 32 
In midst of tempests when the 
torrents raved 
Deeply for mercy to the Lord 
I craved 
Whose goodness thus so pittied 

Me distrest 

His mercies wrought my soul's 

eternal rest." 

Thomas" and Ann Beale had issue: 

1. Ann, born Aug. 10, 1672 (Farnham Register). 

2. Thomas^ born Jan. 29, 1675 (ibid). 

3. Charles', born Oct. 20, 1678 (ibid). 

4. Daughter, name unknown. 

Thomas^" Beale, of "Chestnut Hill", married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Capt John Taverncr. His will was dated Feb. 22, 1728 and proved in 
Richmond Co., June 4. 1729- legatees: his wife, son William, daughter 
Ann Beale, daughter Elizabeth Beale, son Thomas; four youngest sons 
Taverner, Charles, Richard and Robert, son John. The will of his wife 
Elizabeth was dated March 17, 1728 and proved in Richmond Co June 
4, 1729. Legatees: sons Thomas, William, John, Taverner, Charles, 
Richard and Reuben, daughters Ann and Elizabeth. 




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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 53 

On August 27, 1728 Thomas Beale had bought from Henry Willis 
3333 acres on the east side of the Little Mountains, in St. George's 
Parish, Spotsylvania. This was doubtless the land in the later Orange 
on which several of his sons afterwards settled. 

Thomas^ and Elizabeth Beale had issue : 

1. Anne, born Sept 3, 171 1 (fanihaiii Register). 

2. Thomas^ of Richmond Co., born . . . , died Oct. 9, 1732. He 
married (License Richmond County, April 27, 1728) Sarah 
McCarty and had a son Thomas," born May 17, 1729 (Farnhaiii 
Register). This son probably died unmarried. The will of 
Thomas* Beale was dated Sept. 27, 1732, and proved in Rich- 
mond Co., Feb. 5, 1732. He made bequests to his son Thomas, 
when he was aged 20 years, to his (testator's) sister Nancy, and 
to his (the testator's) "little brothers and sisters," John, Tav- 
ener, Charles, Richard, Reuben, and Elizabeth Beale, to be paid 
when they were 18 years old; brother William Beale. 

3. William*, of Richmond County, J. P. 1748, etc ; married Ann 
Harwar (License Richmond County, April 29, 1729, with her 
name as "Harwar Harwar".) The will of William* Beale was 
dated March 9, 1776, and proved in Richmond County July 6, 
1778. Legatees: sons William and Reuben, daughter Susanna, 
sons Richard and Robert; Mr. William Ball, who married daugh- 
ter Ann; daughters Sarah and Mary; children John, William, 
Reuben, Richard, Robert, Elizabeth, Winifred, Travers, Susan- 
nah, Sarah and Mary. Sons-in-law Richard Parker and Robert 
Wormely Carter, executors. The will of Willianv' Beale (the son 
named in the will) was dated Jan. 25 and proved in Orange Feb. 
24, 1800. He left his estate to his brothers Robert, Richard, 
Thomas, John and Reuben. Robert^ Beale (another son named 
in the will), served in the Revolution as Captain. He married 
Martha Felicia, daughter of George Lee Turberville, of Rich- 
mond County, and was the father of Brig.-General Rd Lee Tur- 
berville Beale, C. S. A., of Westmoreland County. An account 
of the descendants of Capt. Rbt Beale is in Miss Hardy's Colo- 
nial fa»iilies, p. 515. That Rev. G. W. Beale, D. D., son of 
General Beale, did not write a history of the Northern Neck 
and its people, is a real loss to \'irginia local history. A life- 
long residence and most thorough and judicious study of its 
records and other antiquities, gave him a knowledge of the sub- 
ject, which now, when so many changes have taken place, can 
never be equalled. His papers must be of great value, especially 
his diary, which was evidently as much a note book of antiquities 
as a record of the events of the day. His unstinted generosity 
in giving, from his great store of knowledge,aid to those who 
asked him, deserves a full acknowledgment. 

4. John,* of Richmond County, born died 1767. He married 

Elizabeth His will was dated Dec. 22, 1766, and proved 

Aug. I, 1767. Legatees: wife Elizabeth, daughters, Anne, Sarah, 
Winifred, Eustace, Elizabeth and Charlotte Beale; John and 
Hancock Eustace and Richard Edwards, executors and guardians. 

5. Richard,* born Dec. 19, 1723, (Parnliam Register), died 1771. 

He removed to Orange county. He married Elizabeth His 

will was dated Aug. 11, 1768, and proved in Orange Aug. 22, 1771. 
Legatees: daughters Molly and Ann, wife Elizabeth, daughter 
Winifred, wife of Mr. \Villiam Dangcrfield, and previously of 



54 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Mr. Willis. The will of his widow, Elizabeth, was dated Dec. 
II, 1772, and proved in Orange Jan. 28, 1773. She left her 
estate to her three daughters. 

6. Reuben,'* born Dec. 19, 1725. 

7. Tavener,'' born , died 1756. He removed to Orange County. 

He married Frances (born March 6, 1726), daughter of Ambrose 
Madison, and aunt of the President. She afterwards married 
Jacob Hite and was killed by the Indians. The will of Taverner 
Beale was dated Nov. 3, 1754, and proved in Orange, Oct. 29, 
1756. Legatees: wife, son Charles, children Taverner, Frances, 
Elizabeth and Anne. Wife Frances, and brothers Charles Bcale, 
Richard Beale and James Madison [Sr.] executors. 

8. Robert\ 

'^ Charles Chiswell of Hanover County died in 1737 and his son John 
was his executor. The elder Chiswell was extensively engaged in iron- 
works and Col. Byrd, seeking to understand the mysteries of the busi- 
ness, visited him in 1732, and left a pleasant account in his "Progress to 
the Mines." He says, "After this I had 8 miles to Mr. Chiswell's, where 
I arrived about 2 o'clock and saved my Dinner, I was very handsomely 
entertained, finding everything very clean and very Good. I had not 
seen Mrs. Chiswell in 24 years, which, alas! had made great havoc with 
her pretty face, and placed very deep Furrows in her fair skin. It was 
impossible to know her again so much the flower was faded. However, 
tho' she was grown an Old Woman, yet she was one of those absolute 
Rarities, a very good old Woman. I found Mr. Chiswell a sensible, 
well-bred Man and very frank in coinmunicating his knowledge of the 
Mystery of making Iron, wherein he has had long experience" Mr. 
Chiswell explained the iron business at length. Col. Byrd at bed-time 
"retired to a very clean lodging in another house [doubtless "the office"] 
and took my Bark, but was forced to take it in Water, by reason a light 
fingcr'd Damsel had ransackt my Baggage and drunk up my Brandy. 
This unhappy Girl, [a servant] it seems, is a Baronet's daughter, but 
* * * inclined so much to lewdness that her Father sent her, under the 
Care of the virtuous Mr. Cheap, to seek her fortune on this Side the 
Globe." ' The next day Col. Byrd, fearing to tire his host by talking 
too much about iron, turned the conversation to other subjects and re- 
ceived from Mr. Chiswell information, not how to home brew, but how 
to stop liquor from fermenting and thus keep cider sweet. Mr. Chiswell 
did then to give his recipe for brewing. It is set forth in the "Progress 
to the Mines." 

Charles Chiswell was the father of Col. John Chiswell, of Williams- 
burg, a member of the House of Burgesses and the owner and operator 
of the lead mines in the present Wythe County. 

'" Rev. George Robertson, a Scotchman, who was previously a chap- 
lain in the navy, was licensed by Bishop Compton, of London, as a mis- 
sionary to Virginia. He became minister of Bristol Parish in 1693 and 
held the charge until his death in 1739. A report made by him to the 
Bishop of London in 1724 is in Slaughter's Bristol Parish, p. 9. The 
births of a number of his slaves are entered in the parish register. Rev. 

George Robertson married ist , and 2d, prior to 171 1, Mary, daughter 

of Peter Eppes. Issue: (ist m.) i. George, of Chesterfield County, 
married Martha Field, daughter of John and Sarah (Randolph) Archer; 

(2d m.) 2. John, married Ann Royal; 3. James, married , 4. 

Elizabeth. 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 55 

A house built by one of Rev. George Robertson's sons still remains 
near Swift Creek, Chesterfield County. It is notable for the size of 
one of the chimneys, which is 25 feet wide at the base. 

There is in existance a manuscript pedigree of this family. 

'" Major William Mayo and his brother Joseph Mayo came to Vir- 
ginia about 1723. They were sons of Joseph Mayo, who lived in or 
near Fronie, in Somersetshire. William Mayo was baptized at Poul- 
shot, Wiltshire, Nov. 4, 1684, emigrated to Barbadoes prior to 1712, 
where he married Frances Gould. During 1717-1721, he made a survey 
and map of Barbadoes, which is still preserved in Kings College library. 
Before Sept., 1723. he removed with his wife and four daughters, to 
Virginia. In 1728 he qualified as one of the first justices of Goochland 
county and its first surveyor. In 1729 he was one of the Virginia sur- 
veyors for running the line with North Carolina and Mayo River was 
named for him. He was commissioned Major of Militia 1730; in 1731 
ran the line between Goochland and Hanover and in 1737 laid out the 
town of Richmond for Col. Byrd. He also was one of the surveyors 
of the disputed Northern Neck line and prepared a valuable map. In 
1731 his first wife was dead and in August of that year he wrote to 
Anne, daughter of John Perratt, of Barbadoes, to come to Virginia to 
marry him. Her brother had bought a thousand acre plantation in 
Virginia, which he called Parratt's Nest. A letter written by Major 
Mayo to Aliss Perratt's brother is now in the collection of this Society 
and was printed many years ago in the Virginia Historical Register, but 
this work is such a rarity that a copy of the letter is appended to this 
note. The lady obeyed the order or request ; came to Virginia and be- 
came the second Mrs. Mayo. 

Major William Mayo "patented about 30,000 acres of land, and lived 
on Fine Creek, in the present County of Powhatan." His will was dated 
Feb. 16, 1743, and proved Nov. 20, 1744. He is said to have died in 
Richmond Oct. 20, 1744. His widow, "Madam Anne Mayo," died in 
1773- 

Major William Mayo had issue (ist m.) i. Anne (1712-1785), mar- 
ried, 1732, George Carrington ; 2. Sarah (born about 1714), married 

1st Jones, 2d, Joseph Scott. 3. Mary (born about 1716), married 

Edmund Gray; 4. Hester, died young; by 2d m. 5. Daniel, will proved 

Fb. 23, 1761, married Mary ; 6. Rebecca, born about 1735, married 

Henry Macon, of New Kent, afterwards of Cumberland; 7. Col. John 
(1737-17S0), Burgess and member of Revolutionary Conventions, mar- 
ried Mary Tabb ; 8. Joseph (1739-1802), married Martha Tabb. 

Joseph Mayo, brother of Major Williem, settled at "Powhatan Seat," 
on James River, just below Richmond. His tomb, bearing his arms has 
been removed, with all the others in the family burying ground there, 
to Hollywood Cemetery. 

After a generation or two from Joseph Mayo, "Powhatan Seat" passed 
to the descendants of his brother William. Rev. Charles Herbert Mayo 
has published two editions of a genealogy of the English Mayos. Much 
regarding these in Virginia is contained in Brown's Cabells and their kin 
(see index). Mr. Brown also contributed to the Richmond Standard, 
July 17, 1880, "A Partial Account of Three Generations of the De- 
scendants of William Mayo." 

The letter referred to above is as follows : 

"Goochland in Virginia 27. Aug'. 1731- 
I heartily thank you for your good inclination towards being my 
Brother in Law, & I wish I could come to Barbados as you advise ; As 






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S6 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

I have writ pretty largely to your Sister which I suppose she will shew 
you I shall have the less occasion to enlarge upon that head to you, — 
Her Fortune though not to be despised can be no temptation for me to 
come to Barbados under my circumstances, when for ought I know I 
should lose more by such an undertaking. 

My Sincerity I think need not be called in question & I think also 
that it would be an unpardonable baseness & such as I never was & 
1 hope never shall be guilty of to trifle on such an occasion. 

When you have seen my Letter to her & understand why I cant come 
to Barbados I am persuaded that you will advise her to come to Vir- 
ginia to me, & if she do come she shall have no cause to reproach you 
for your advise if I can help it. 

As to your affairs at Perratts Nest I am sorry to tell you that on 
the 19 of March last your Negro Quaccoo Hang'd himself, the Women 
are all in Health & all things goes on as well as can be expected. 

I shall get some Cows & Calves with some Sows & Pigs to begin a 
Stock for you this Fall, there will be Corn & fodder for their Support- 

I have not been there lately nor to a Plantation of my own 8 Miles 
higher up I have been so busy in attending Workmen about a new 
House — but I am well informed that you have extraordinary good Corn 
at Perratts Nest. 

1 have paid Capt. Bowler Cocke £25 Sterling for his half of your 
1000 acres & have taken his Bond of £200 to make the conveyances 
which I shall get performed as soon as possil)le. Your 1000 acres will 
cost you £50 Sterling & I think you have such a pennyworth that you 
will have no occasion to repine at the hardness of your bargain. 

1 have drawn on Mr. Newport for i6o Sterling, the other Amt I 
forbear to draw for waiting for an opportunity of buying therewith 
Two Negro Boys for you. 1 am told a Guinea man is expected daily. 

I thank you for the Yams, Eddoes etc sent with y 2"] March 

last, such things will not come to such perfection in this Climate as to 
be worth the pains of planting, & the great plenty of other good things 
that we have, make them the less wanted. 

I shall take what care 1 can about propagating the Fruit Stones, I 
have had Plum stones from England & planted them here with no 
success, having been spoilt in bringing yet neverless these may grow 
& I will try. 

I have had Peaches from the Stones you gave me when you was at 
my House it is a good Peach and large but I think I have better & 
much larger & some has measured 14 inches about & I think of as rich 
a juice as a Pine to the full I wish I could have sent you & Mrs. 
Nanny some of them. I have had this year such a plenty & I have 
found such a benefit by letting my Hogs come into the Orchard that I 
propose to plant 6 acres more & I shall give directions to your Over- 
seer to plant a good Orchard & will provide him with Stones. 

I shall plant good Store of May Cherry Stones (Others I have 
enough) if they come up as I hope they will your Overseer shall have 
a part, I have some young Trees now growing & some black damsons, 
I am promised this Winter some plumbs & Morrello Cherry Trees. — 

The last time I was at Colo. Byrds his Eady desired me to send to 
Barbados for some shells for her as Conk Shells Wilks & such Variety 
as may be got, let me beg the favour of you to get a small barrel full 
(enough may be had about Oistins & below Rock) & send them to 
CoUo. William Byrd at Westover in James River and place the charge 
to my account. — I am my Dear Friend 

Your most humble Servt. — 

Wm. Mayo. 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 57 

Sir 

The foregoing is a copy of my last which I hope you have received 
Enclosed is a letter to your Sister which be pleased to deliver to her I 
am Dr. Sir 

Your most Affect. Sert. 

Wm. Mayo." 
Dated from the N. E. corner of my Porch. 

14. Oct. 1731— 
[Endorsed] Letters William to his Sweet heart — 

"* The first of this family in Virginia was Oliver Seager — who lived 
in that part of Lancaster county which was afterwards Middlesex. Lan- 
caster Court gave him in 1653 a certificate for obtaining a land grant. 
The will of Oliver Seager was dated Jan., 1658, and proved in Lan- 
caster, March, 1659. Legatees : eldest son Oliver, wife EUeanor, daughter 
Elizabeth and son Randolph. Wife, and friends Nicholas Cocke and 
Richard Lee executors. His widow married secondly Humphry Owen. 
In Lancaster, Oct. 30, 1663, is a deed from Ellcnor Owen to her chil- 
dren Oliver and Randolph Seager and Elleanor Owen. On Nov. 11, 
1663, inventories of the estates of Oliver Seager, deceased, and Humphrey 
Owen, deceased, were recorded. Mrs. Owen soon married, as third 
husband, Humphrey Jones, of Lancaster. By an order of the county 
court, Nov. 9, 1664, Humphrey Jones and Eleanor his wife were to 
have one-third of the estate [her dower] of Oliver Seager, deceased, 
and the rest was to be divided among his heirs. The will of Humphrey 
Jones was dated October and proved in Middlesex Nov., 1684. He 
names his "grandchildren," Winifred, Catherine and Oliver Seager, and 
his "daughter" Marie Seager. 

By onler of Middlesex Court Feb., 1685-6, Mrs. Mary Seager, execu- 
trix of Humphrey Jones, was appointed guardian of his son Humphrey. 
Though it is possible that Humphrey Jones' will referred to his wife's 
grandchildren, it is also possible that Mary Jones, his daughter by a 
former marriage, had married one of his Seager stepsons. Though 
Randolph Seager 's wife at the time of his will was made was Ann, 
Mrs. Mary Seager was probably a former wife. The inventory of 
Oliver Seager was recorded in Middlesex Nov. 13, 1699. He was the 
son of the first Oliver, and probal)ly died without issue. In 1693 "Mr. 
Randolph Seager" had married the administratrix of Capt. Oswald 
Cary, deceased. In or before May 1698 she had married (for the 
3d time) Rev. Samuel Gray. The will of "Randle" Seager, was dated 
Dec. i^x;3. His legatees were wife Ann, daughters Winifred and 
Catherine Seager, sons John, William and Oliver; refers to "My 
father Jones", deceased, and mentions Humphrey Jones. He owned a 
plantation called "Jamaica" and other lands. In 1694 Tobias Mickle- 
borough was guardian to Oliver, son and orphan of Mr. Randolph 
Seager, deceased, and in the same year guardians were appointed for 
William, Catherine, Winifred and John, also children of Randolph 
Seager. The will of John Seager (son of Randolph) was dated 
Oct. 1729 and proved in Middlesex, January, 1740. He gave all of 
his estate to Jane Seager Nicolas, with exception of bequests to his 
brothers Oliver and William, and Josiah, son of Oliver. 

Oliver Seager gave bond June, 171 1, as sheriff of Middlesex, and 
Oliver Seager was J. P. for Middlesex, 1732. The inventory of Cap- 
tain Oliver Seager, deceased, was recorded in Middlesex, July 7, 174L 
This was no doubt the Oliver Seager of the text. The records of 
Middlesex would give a full account of the family, which after 270 



5^ VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

years, is still resident there. The spelling of the name has long 
been changed to Segar. 

'° Hillary Moseley (died 1730) of Princess Anne county, was son of 
Col. lulward Moseley, of the same county and great grandson of Wil- 
liam Moseley, who had been a merchant at Amsterdam and had emi- 
grated to Virginia in 1649. Hillary Aloseley, married Hannah . 

His will was dated Nov. i, 1727 and proved in Princess Anne, August 
5, 1730. He had one son, Edward Hack Moseley (d. 1783), who 
was a very prominent citizen of Princess Anne county. 

The Moseleys long owned what was, perhaps, the largest and most 
interesting collection of portraits in Virginia. The inventory of Col. 
Edward Hack Moseley, 1783, included only the number of portraits, 
not the names. Among the items were: "Furniture in the hall, 12 
family pictures, 9 pictures in frames. In the dining room 2 family 
picturcb, 8 small ditto in frames, 8 small pictures". This collection 
remained intact until the death of Mr. Burwell Bassett Moseley, of 
Norfolk ; but has since been scattered, and there is no complete account 
of it. An old person remembered a worm-eaten portrait on panel, of 
a man in armor; portraits of William Moseley, the emigrant, and of 
an old lady of an earlier date, are engraved in Mary N. Stanard's 
Colonial Virginia, from two photographs given about fifteen years ago 
to this Society. Portraits of Arthur and William, sons of the emi- 
grant, are owned by a descendant of the family. The late E. W. 
James had seen a full length seated portrait of Edward Hack Moseley. 
A list of these Moseley portraits with the designations given them by 
the family would be of interest. A view of "RoUeston", the old 
home of the family, in Princess Anne, is in R. A. Lancaster's His- 
torical Viryiiiia Homes and Churches. 

^ In 1679 "Mr. Radford" paid taxes on 5 tithablcs in Henrico Co. 
In 1683 "Mr. Francis Redford", of Henrico, is mentioned. The will 
of Francis Redford was dated May 16, 1682 and proved in Henrico. 
Feb. I, 1693-4. Legatees: to grandson-in-law, Samuel Moody Jr. a 
horse, rest of estate to be divided between wife Ann and sons Francis 
and John; but wife to have the plantation to live on. If Francis 
was unable to manage his estate it was to go to John. 

John Redford was J. P. for Henrico 1713. His will was dated 
March 5, 1752 and proved in Henrico, Oct. 1752. Legatees : sons 
Milner and John, daughter Mary, wife of William Weathers ; son 
Francis ; the heirs of his deceased son William. It is believed that he 
was ancestor of families named Redford and Radford. The will of 
John Redford, was proved in Henrico April, 1778. Legatees: sons: 
William C, Joseph, and James ; daughters Martha Goode, and A:in 
Throckmorton; grandson Nicholas Turpin, grandson William, son of 
John Redford. 

" One of the hardest lessons for the amateur genealogist to learn 
is that identity of surname does not, necessarily, imply relation, and 
the assumption of such identity in the work of ignorant or unprincipled 
professionals has to be closely watched. There is hardly an English, 
Scotch or Irish surname which is not borne by many unrelated fami- 
lies. The criminal records of Edinburgh in the Sixteenth century 
are full of Bruces, Stuarts and Douglases, doubtless in many instances 
assumed for the protection given by the chiefs of those great houses. 
In addition to the very numerous descendants of John Washington, 
of Surry county, any one carefully examining the records of the 
Northern Neck will find occasional reference to Washingtons living 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 59 

there who could not have been descendants of the brothers Lawrence 
and John. The name "Cuthbert" is found very frequently among the 
"Harrisons of Northern Virginia", and it is understood that some of 
the descendants of that family have innocently gone into Revolutionary 
Societies, on Capt. Cuthbert Harrison, of Lee's Legion, when the record 
of his bounty warrant shows he was a Brunswick county man, not 
at all related to the other family. There are many families named 
Lee, in Virginia ; at least three distinct families of Randolph, James 
River, Prince William, and Norfolk, and there were enough white 
Harrisons in Richmond in 1923, old enough to be in the directory, to 
number ninety-five. "Miles" would certainly seem to fix a man as a 
member of our most noted family of Gary (for there are several), 
but the late W. M. Gary found a Allies Gary living in the West, whose 
people were recent emigrants to America and who derived his Ghristian 
name from his mother's surname. Miles. 

William Harison, of Prince George, was not of the "Wakefield", 
"Brandon" or "Berkeley" line, because all of its members up to his 
date are accounted for. 

The destruction of so large a part of the records of Prince George 
and of Charles City, from which it was formed, prevents the pro- 
curing of much information in regard to William Harrison or his 
family. In May, 1703, William Harrison, of Prince George, con- 
veyed to Richard Starke, of Surry, a tract of land in the latter county, 
formerly owned by Richard Wager. In Prince George Court, May 
1715, there was a petition from Rebecca and Thomas Harrison, ex- 
ecutors of William Harrison, deceased. On July 26, 1715, Mr. Wil- 
liam Harrison and other freeholders presented a petition. In Nov. 
1715, Thomas and Richard Harrison were jurymen in Prince George. 
In Nov. 1718 William Harrison was member of a Prince George 
grand jury. On May 20, 1720, the will of Thomas Harrison was 
proved in Prince George. In 1704, William Harrison paid quit rents 
on 1930 acres in Prince George, James Harrison on 200, Gabriel Har- 
rison uu 150 and Thomas Harrison on 1077 acres in the same county. 
It is believed that these Prince George Harrisons had many descendants 
in Brunswick and neighboring counties. 

^ Howell Edmunds married probably Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 
Blunt, of Surry Co. The latter, in his will dated Sept. 21, 1708, named 
Howell Edmunds and Elizabeth his wife. The will of Howell Edmunds 
was dated Dec. 24, 1728 and proved in Surry Aug. 20, 1729; he gave 
his son John, the plantation John lived on (etc., etc.), son Howell, 
son Nicholas 400 acres in Brunswick with stocks, etc., daughters Sarah, 
Jane, Elizabeth and Anne ; son Thomas, executor. The son Thomas 
was Burgess for Surry 1736-1740. John Edmunds was Burgess for 
Sussex from 1754 to his death in 1770. A number of members of his 
family have later been in public life as members of the State Legis- 
lature or of Congress. 

In 1704 Howell Edmunds paid quit rents on 300 acres in Surry and 
William Edmunds (probably his brother) on lOO. Each greatly in- 
creased his holdings before his death. 

^The family of Council settled in Isle of Wight county in the Sev- 
enteenth century. In 1693 Isabella Mayo, widow of William Mayo, 
gave her "brother" Hodges Council a power of attorney, recorded in 
Isle of Wight. Daniel Boucher in his will in 1671 made a bequest to 
Hodges Council. John Hardy in his will proved in Isle of Wight 
June 9, 1697, made bequests to his daughter Lucy, wife of Hodges 



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6o VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Council. The will of the latter was dated and proved (?) in I.'e 
of Wight, April lo, 1699. His legatees were his sons: Hodges, Hardy 
and Robert. 

"*The records of Nansemond county came safely through the War 
of 1861-5; but were afterwards entirely destroyed by fire. Anne 
Pugh paid quit rents on 2300 acres in that county in 1704. Daniel 
Pugh was a Burgess for Nansemond 1736-1740. 

-■' In Mcintosh's Abstracts of Norfolk County IVills, 1710-1753, the 
only mention of Hare or Hair is in the will of Margaret Malbone, 
of the Borough of Norfolk, dated Sept. 9, 1740, in which she gives 
her son John Hair her diamond ring, a gold necklace and half a dozen 
tea spoons and divides the rest of her estate between her sons John, 
Porten, James and Samuel Hair and makes her brother, Samuel Boush, 
executor. 

-"A Thomas Haynes paid quit rents on 850 acres in Warwick in 1704 
and a Thomas Haynes was Burgess for that county 1738, 1740. The 
will of Herbert Haynes, of Abingdon parish, Gloucester county, Va., 
was dated January 20, 1736 and proved in P. C. C. Dec. 15, 1737! 
He empowered Mr. Job Wilkes, of London, merchant, to receive his 
rents in and around the City and suburbs of London. Remainder to his 
wife, Sarah Haynes, and the rest to his father, Thomas Haynes, execu- 
tors. The father and wife were then in Virginia. In 1738 the Assembly 
ordered a warehouse to be established upcjn the old plantation of Thomas 
Haynes, deceased, on Eastermost River, Gloucester county. There is 
a record in York county a deed dated Aug. 18, 1746 from John 
Thruston, of York, in behalf of Martha, infant daughter of Herbert 
Haynes, deceased, and his wife Sarah, who was now the wife of 
John Thruston. It is believed that members of this family removed 
to Prmce George and Amelia counties and thence to North Carolina. 

-'Anthony Armistead was son of Anthony Armistead and grandsoi 
of William Armistead, the emigrant. He was colonel of militia and 
J. P. and sheriff of Elizabeth City county. His will was proved Dec. 

18, 1728. He married ist Anne , 2nd Elizabeth Westwocd 

Issue: I. Elizabeth, married William Smelt; 2. Mary, married ist 
Thomas Tabb, 2nd Matthew Wills; 3. Westwood ; 4. Antliony; 5. 
Hannah, married William Allen. 

Eor genealogies of the Armisteads see The Armistead PaiiiUy, by 
Mrs. Garber, and the IVilliaiii and Marv Ouartcrlv Vols VI VII 

vm, IX, XI. XII, XIV. ' 

-^William Cole (son of William Cole, of "Boldrup", Warwick county, 
Secretary of State of Virginia). He was of age before 1714, when 
he owned much land in Warwick and Charles City counties. He was 
a Burgess for Warwick 1718 and 1726, and a visitor of William and 
Mary 1723, etc. He was also Colonel of militia, and Deputy Receiver 
General in 1721, etc. His will was dated 1729. He married Mary, 
daughter of William Roscow, of "Blunt Point", Warwick and his 
wife, Mary, daughter of William Bassett, of "Eltham", New Kent. 
Issue: I. William, of Charles City county; 2. Mary (or Martha) who 
married I-erdmand Leigh, of King William county, and, probably, 
James, of Louisa county. 

For notices of the Coles see this Magazine, II, 382, 383; IX 429 
430, and IVilliam and Mary Quarterly, Vols. I, II, V, X, XXI. ' 

'^Capt. Graves Packe was J. P. for York county. He married 1st 
Mary, sister of Stevens Thompson, Attorney General of Virginia, 2nd 
Sarah , and died before 1732. He had, by the first marriage, 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 6l 

a son Graves Packe, in regard to whom the following notice was 
published in the Virginia Gazette of May lO, 1765. A schooner had 
sailed from York River up Chesapeake Bay, and was lost, with all 
on board, above the mouth of the Rappahannock. There were two 
passengers, one of them "Mr. Graves, son of Mrs. Sarah Packe of 
Williamsburg, a very hopeful youth of about 18 years of age". Any 
one finding or hearing of their bodies was requested to inform Mr. 
Parks, printer, in Williamsburg. Mr. Packe was a thin, slender youth; 
had on a scarlet great coat, a new green cloth waist coat, w'ith white 
metal buttons, a new pair of leather breeches and a new pair of boots : 
and had a silver watch in his pocket, the maker's name Bradford of 
London, with a silver seal hanging to it ; and had a mourning ring 
on one of his fingers. He had money in his pockets and other effects 
of considerable value. 

*^ Robert Goodrich was probably a son of Benjamin Goodrich, of 
James City county (one of whose daughters married about 1732, Willis 
Wilson, of Princess Anne county). Col. Thomas Goodrich, of old 
Rappahannock, who was Bacon's lieutenant general in 1676, and died 
in 1679. His will proved on April 3, of that year, names sons Ben- 
jamin, Joseph, Charles and Peter, and daughters: Anne (who married 
Col. John Lightfoot, of New Kent) and Katherine. 

There is on record in Essex a deed dated 1703, from Benjamin 
Goodrich, of James City county, to William Aylett of King and Queen 
county, for part of a tract of land granted to Col. Thomas Goodrich 
in 1669 and by his will, March 16, 1678-9, left to his son Joseph Good- 
rich, who after possessing said land for some time, by his will be- 
queathed it to his son Danby Goodrich, who dying in his minority the 
said land passed to said Benjamin Goodrich (son of Col. Thomas). 
The said whole tract was divided in 1681 between the said Joseph 
Goodrich, and John Lightfoot, gent., who had married Joseph's sister. 
Joseph Goodrich evidently had another son, Thomas, who died a 
minor. In the P. C. C. administrations is one on the estate of Thomas 
Goodrich, of Virginia, infant, granted Nov. 20, 1703, to Sir Abstrupus 
Danby, Knight, uncle by the mother's side and next of kin. So Joseph 
(loodrich must have married a sister of Sir Abstrupus Danby, of 
Masham, Yorkshire, who was knighted Aug. 30, 1691, and was M. 
P. for Alborow 1699. He was son of Christopher Danby, of Farnley, 
Yorkshire, and his wife Anne, daughter of John Culpeper, brother 
to the first lord. It is possible that this Culpeper (and Berkeley) 
connection had brought Abstrupus Danby for a time to Virginia. 

^'This was Major James Ball (1678-1754) of "Bewdley", Lancaster 
county, son of William Ball and grandson of William, the emigrant. 

For Ball genealogy are Hayden's Virginia Genealogies. 45-M4- As 
extensive as is the account there are many lines not worked out, es- 
pecially of descendants of members of the family who emigrated from 
Virginia. 

A view of "Bewdley", since destroyed by fire is in Lancaster's His- 
torical J^irginia Hotnes and Churches. 

^The will of John Shapleigh was proved in Northurnberland county 
May II, 1741. The family had long been resident in that county. 
Philip Shapleigh was a justice of Northumberland in 1675, 1677 and 
other years. The St. Stephen's parish register gives the births of 
four children of Philip Shapleigh: John born Jan. 22,, 1687; Hannah 
born Oct. 6, 1690; Judith born Sept. 13, 1692, and Sarah, born July 



yjuwrci 



62 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

14, 1695, and also of the birth, April 19, 1702, of Elizabeth, daughter 
of Thomas Shapleigh. 

There is on record, in Northumberland an agreement, dated bept. 
14 1642, between Philip Smith, gent, and "Mrs. Hannah Shapleigh", 
in'view of their intended marriage; that she should enjoy certam lands 
given by the will of Ralph Warington to Philip Shapleigh. her father, 
and other lands, together with 23 slaves, household furniture, etc. 

^' This was Augustine Washington, father of George Washington. 
All that can be ascertained in regard to him from record or tradition 
is in print. He was born at Bridges Creek, Westmoreland county m 
1694 and died April 3, I749 in Stafford county to which he had re- 
moved. He was educated at Appleby School, Westmoreland, England. 

While much has been published (especially by Mr. Waters) m re- 
gard to the English ancestry of the Washingtons, there is no account 
of the family in America which approaches completeness, and as it 
has been so large and its members so widely scattered, a comprehen- 
sive genealogy would be a difficult piece of work. The brief state- 
ment by General Washington in regard to his own immediate line 
has been often reprinted and is conveniently found in Spark's edition 
of his writings. Others are Wells' Washinyton Family; that in Ford's 
IVrilings of Washington, and another, covering only a part of the 
family in Hayden's Virginia Gencologics. Accounts of the descendants 
of John, son of the emigrant John Washington, and of John, son of 
Lawrence, the other emigrant, were published for the first time in this 
Magazine XXII, 211-214, 328-330, 437-441 ; XXIII, 96-101; XXVI. 
417-421. 

^'Francis Hardyman was a Burgess for Charles City County, 1718. 
He married ist, Henrietta Maria, daughter of Capt. John Taylor, Clerk 
of Charles City; 2d, Jane, widow of John Cross. His will was proved 
August II, 1741. Hi ssons, John and Littlebury Hardyman appear to 
have been much interested in breeding and racing horses in the years 
preceding the Revolution. The Hardyman family settled in Charles City 
in the Seventeenth century. See William and Mary Quarterly, XI, 47-49- 

•■'=' As the records of Hanover and the counties from which it was de- 
rived have been almost entirely destroyed, nothing can be learned of 
this William Fleming, who was sheriff of Hanover, 1727-8. He may 
have been father of Robert Fleming, Burgess for Caroline, who, in 
February, 1737, "died at his father's house in Hanover" {Va. Gazette.) 

"" Rev. James Sclater, minister of Charles Parish, York County, was 
probably the father of the James Sclater, appointed sheriff of New 
Kent. As the records of that county have been destroyed, no details 
in regard to him can be ascertained. 

"■John Butts was of a family from London, which settled in York 
County in the Seventeenth Century, and which spread into other sec- 
tions north and south of James River. This family is now being studied 
in Virginia and England. 

""■ Due to the destruction of county records, a few names constitute 
all the information which can be obtained of the earlier generations of 
the familv, which produced such a man as Benjamin Watkins Leigh. 
Captain William Leigh was a justice of York county, 1640. Willian 
Leigh was Burgess for King and Queen, 1692, and a William Leigh, no 
doubt the same. Colonel of Militia in that county, in 1700. John Leigh 
was a Major in King and Queen militia in 1707. William Leigh pat- 
ented 1000 acres on the north side of Charles (York) River, in 1642. 



>.J~^ , 4 1/»''\' fJliy^/'. 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 63 

William Leigh was, in 1692, among the '"gentlemen of estate and stand- 
ing," recommended by the Governor as suitable for the Council. Ferdi- 
nand Leigh, of King William County, was father of Rev. Wm. Leigh 
(born about 1744), and grandfather of B. W. and Judge William Leigh. 

™ Francis Willis was born in Ware Parish, Gloucester County, in 
1690, and was alive in 1749. He was a Burgess for Gloucester, at the 
sessions of 1727-8, 1730, 1732, 1734, 1736, 1738 and 1740. In 1715 he 
married Aime, daughter of Edward Rich and neice of Elias Rich, Esq., 
of St. Paul's, Covent Garden, London. She died in 1727 and her tomb 
at Ware Church, Gloucester, bears the W^illis and Rich arms. 

For geneologies of the Willis family, see The Willis Pamily of Vir- 
ginia, by B. C. and R. H. Willis, Richmond, Va. n. d., and the IVilliain 
and Mary Quarterly, Vols. V, VL 

*" Col. Thomas Waring was Burgess for Essex, 1736, 1738, 1740, 1752 
and 1753. He married Lucy, daughter of Dr. William Cocke, of Wil- 
liamsburg, Secretary of State of Virginia. His will was dated June 9, 
1748, and proved January, 1754. His legatees were, son Francis, daugh- 
ter Ann, son Thomas, daughter Betty Todd [wife of Thomas Todd, of 
King and Queen County], daughter Molly Robinson [wife of Henry 
Robinson.] The will of his son, Thomas, then styled "Thomas Waring 
the elder," was dated January, 1761, and proved in Essex, May 18, 
T761. Legatees: eldest son, Robert Payne Waring, son Epaphroditus 
Lawson Waring, son William Waring, daughter Elizabeth Fauntleroy, 
daughter Kitty Todd, Brother Col. Francis Waring, and friends Rev. 
John Smith, Mr. William Fauntleroy, Mr. William Todd and son R. P. 
Waring, executors. 

Francis Waring was Burgess for Essex, 1758-1761, inclusive, and 
1766-1769. 

■*' Goodrich Lightfoot, born February 14, 1713, was son of Col. John 
Lightfoot, of New Kent County. On May, 1729, he bought from Henry 
Willis, 200 acres, in Spotsylvania, on the south side of the Southwest 
Mountains, and on April 4, 1732, "Goodrich Lightfoot, gent," sold 300 
acres to John Lightfoot, of Spotsylvania. On April 3, 1733, then of 
St. Mark's parish, Spotsylvania, made a deed in which Mary, his wife, 
joined. He was sheriff of Spotsylvania, 1726 and 1727, and appointed 
Mayor of Militia in 1729. He was one of the first justices of Orange, 
in 1734. 

■^Joseph Strother was son of William Strother, the emigrant, who 
was in that part of old Rappahannock County, afterwards Richmond 
County, in 1673. Joseph Strother owned a part of his father's land, 
near Port Conway, King George County. He married Margaret Berry. 

There is a Strother geneology in Slaughter's St. Mark's Parish, re- 
printed in Green's History of Culpeper County, but a much better one 
in the Publications of the Southern History Association (Washington, 
D. C), July, 1898, and succeeding numbers. 

^'John Belfield was son of Dr. Joseph Belfield, who emigrated from 
England an dsettled in Richmond County prior to 1707. A short notice 
of the family was published in the Richmond Standard. 

"Anthony Thornton, of St. Paul's parish, Stafford County, was born 
in 1695 and died in 1757. He married Winifred, daughter and heiress 
of Col. Peter Presley, of "Northumberland House," Northumberland 
County. For his will see IVilliani and Mary Quarterly, IV, 93. He 
was son of Francis Thornton, of Stafford County, and grandson of 
William Thornton, the emigrant, who was in Virginia in 1646. Anthony 



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,'j?»f;Bii I (y. ^ «'.iTtin Tc 



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64 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Thornton had four sons, Col. Presley, of "Northumberland House," 
member of the Council ; Col. Francis, of "Society Hill", King George 
Co. ; Peter, of "Rose Hill", Caroline, and Anthony, of "Ormsby", Caro- 
line. 

For a genealogy (not complete), of this Thornton family, see lVill\ai)i 
and Mary Quarterly, Vols. IV, V, VI, VIII, X. 

■^ Thos. John Kendall was probably the son of William Kendall, Jr., 
of Northampton, and may have been the man of the name who was 
Burgess for Northampton, 1752-1 761. For a note on Kendalls, see 
this Alagazine, XIX, 10-12. 

"" There is on record in Northampton County, a petition from Capt. 
Francis Pigott (who was then a justice), and Mary, his wife, late wife 
of John Alichael. 

The will of Francis Pigott was dated March 27, 1684, and proved in 
Northampton March 2, 1684-5. To son Culpeper Pigott, land bought 
of my "brother-in-law," John Robins, gent., sons Thomas and Ralph; 
daughter Elizabeth, her own mother's apparel ; son-in-law Argall Michael ; 
all money, plate, jewels, etc., "left me by my father or mother (whose 
memory is to me most dear)" and all claims, bills, etc., to be equally 
divided among his four children. His children may dispose of their 
parts of his estate in England. To three sons, all books, except those 
in Latin and Greek. Brother-in-law, William Waters, "my friend and 
loving countryman [i. e., from same County?] Mr. Daniel Merch. 

"John Lomax, of "Portobago", Essex (now Caroline), was born at 
North Shields, Eng., February 4, 1675, emigrated to Virginia and died 
December 25, 1729. He married June i, 1703, Elizabeth Wormley, 
daughter of Ralph Wormley, of "Rosegill," Middlesex County, and his 
wife, Katherine, duaghter of Sir Thomas Lunsford. Elizabeth (Worm- 
ley) Lomax inherited "Portobago", which had been the property of her 
grandfather, Lunsford. John Lomax was son of Rev. John Lomax, 
M. A., Emanuel College, Cambridge, and rector of Wooler, who gave 
up his living alter the Restoration, because he could not comply with 
the terms of the Act for Conformity. 

See Genealogy of the Virginia I-'aiiiily of Lomax, Chicago, 1913. 



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PROPOSED EXPEDITION AGAINST DETROIT 65 



THE PROPOSED EXPEDITION AGAINST 
DETROIT, 1778 

By David I. Bushnell, Jr. 



The winter of 1777-1778 was an anxious period for the 
people uf the scattered settlements along the western frontier 
of Virginia. On Novemher 10, 1777, Cornstalk, the great chief 
of the Shawnee who then occupied villages in the valley of the 
Scioto, beyond the Ohio, while being held as a hostage at Fort 
Randolph, was murdered by a soldier of the garrison. This act 
of treachery caused his followers to seek vengeance, and to this 
end they were probably advised and encouraged by the British 
at Detroit, which post was then commanded by Col. Henry 
iiamilton. 

On November 20, ten days after the murder of the Shawnee, 
the committee in Congress duly appreciating the grave situation, 
it was resolved "That three commissioners be appointed to re- 
pair without delay to Fort Pitt," and "That the said commis- 
sioners be invested with full power to suspend for misconduct 
any officers in the service of the United States employed in 
that (juarter ..." also "That the said commissoiners be 
directed to cultivate the friendship of the Shawanese & Dela- 
wares & prevent our people from committing any outrages 
against them." Several commissioners were named but for 
various reasons they were unable to serve, others were chosen, 
these being Sampson Matthews from Virginia, and George Cly- 
mer appointed to represent Pennsylvania. Matthews reached 
Fort Pitt about the middle of March and met Clymer who had 
arrived some days before. They deliberated more than a month 
and on April 27, 1778, addressed a letter to Congress in which 
they wrote in part : "This among other considerations induces 



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66 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

US to submit to Congress the propriety of immediately setting 
on foot an Expedition, whose object shall be Detroit, the source 
of all the Calamity, in which if we are fortunate, Peace and 
Security will undoubtedly succeed in this Quarter." 

Congress received the letter signed by the two commission- 
ers, and June ii, 1778: "Resolved, That an expedition be im- 
mediately undertaken, whose object shall be, to reduce, if prac- 
ticable, the garrison of Detroit, and to compel to terms of peace 
such of the Indian nations now in arms against these states as 
lie on, or contiguous to, the route betwixt Fort Pitt and De- 
troit." But the season was passing, supplies were difficult to 
obtain, and the distance to be traversed was great. The Vir- 
gniians communicated with the committee in Congress, and on 
July 25, 1778, it was decided by that body "That the expedition 
against the fortress of Detroit be, for the present deferred." A 
broadside was issued giving the resolution as passed by Congress, 
a copy of this interesting document, preserved in the Library 
of Congress, is now reproduced. Several days passed before 
this decision was known in Williamsburg and on August 6, 
Governor Henry issued a statement which was forwarded to 
the County Lieutenants. This was printed on a small sheet 
of paper, signed by the Governor, and was evidently accom- 
panied by a copy of the broadside received from Congress. 
which makes it appear that a number of copies of the latter 
were sent to Williamsburg. The copy which was forwarded to 
"The County Lieutenant of Monongalia," is now reproduced, 
it is in the Library of Congress. 

Thus the expedition against the distant post was abandoned, 
but General Mcintosh was furnished troops and supplies for an 
advance into the Indian country beyond the Ohio. By early 
autumn he had erected a post at the mouth of Beaver Creek, on 
the right bank of the Ohio about twenty-six miles below Fort 
Pitt, which received the name Fort Mcintosh. Later in the 
year another small post was constructed near the present vil- 
lage of Bolivar, Tuscarawas county, Ohio, this was called Fort 
Laurens and was of little value. 

The Shawnee continued to reach the scattered settlements and 
to spread ruin and terror. British agents were ever active and 



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PROPOSED EXPEDITION AGAINST DETROIT 67 

furnished the necessary arms and ammunition to the Indians. 
Six years later, during the winter of 1784- 1785, representatives 
of many trihes gathered at Fort Mcintosh to treat with Com- 
missioners of the United States. Chiefs of the Delaware. 
Wyandot, Chippewa, and Ottawa were present, hut the ever 
hostile Shawnee held apart. The treaty was signed January 21. 
1785, hut i)roved of little good. In the endeavor to make peace 
with the Shawnee another treaty was planned, and on August 
18, 1785, four representatives of the United States left Pitts- 
hurgh for the Shawnee towns and Septemher 20, reached the 
village of Mequachake, situated near the headwaters of I\Iad 
River, in the present Logan County, Ohio. The account of the 
journey as revealed hy the journal of a member of the partv 
is most interesting.* The venture was successful and a treatv 
was signed January 31, 1786 at the "Mouth of the Great Miami, 
on the North-western Bank of the Ohio .... between the 
Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of Amer- 
ica, of the one Part, and the Chiefs and Warriors of the 
Shawanoe Nation, of the other Part." The second article of 
the treaty states : 

"The Shawanoe nation do acknowledge the United States to 
be the sole and absolute sovereigns of all the territory ceded to 
them by a treaty of peace, made between them and the King of 
Great Britain, the fourteenth day of January, one thousand 
seven hundred and eighty-four." However it was not until the 
signing of the treaty of Greenville, August 3, 1795, that many 
important questions were settled. 

It is now interesting to look back and consider the probable 
effect of a successful expedition against Detroit during the 
autumn of 1778. As planned the post would have been de- 
stroyed and the enemy forces annihilated. British agents and 
the Indian allies would no longer have had the important base 
for their operations, whence they could receive assistance and 
supplies whenever needed. Undoubtedly the tribes then under 
the influence of the British would have become less hostile, and 



* D. I. Bushnell, Jr. A Journey Through the Indian Country beyond 
the Ohio, 1785. In Mississippi Valley Historical Review. Vol. II, 
No. 2, September 1915. pp. 261-273. 



tJfil Jo Ufi 



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C8 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

many articles and ammunition would have become more diffi- 
cult to obtain. The Virginia and Pennsylvania troops would 
have been recognized as the stronger of the two contending 
forces, and the Indians would have been duly impressed and 
influenced. Peace would undoubtedly have soon resulted along 
the entire western border of Virginia and Pennsylvania. 



,/■■ 



WILLIAMSBURG, August 6, 177S. 
SIR, 

BY the rcfoliitions of Congrcfs which accompany this, )ou will perceive that the expedi- 
tion ngainll Detroit is hid alidc; but that, in order to proteSl the frontiers, the war 
is to be carried into fuch of the enemies tawns as General Mackintofh ihall dircft. This 
m-ufure, fo nccelTary to relieve the diitrcfTes ot many worthy citizens ot this ftate, 
I am very defirous to promote ; and, in order to affiit it in a proper manner, I defire you 
\,'.\\ draw out fo many men I'rom the militia ot' your county as General Mackin:o(h may 
demand, in order to comply with the direftions ot Conjrels. You arc to take care, as the 
fcafon is lar advanced, that no time be loft to rendezvous the men according to the General's 
orders ; and that every article ot equipment which he calls tor be turnilhed in the moft fpecdy 
and complete manner that circumrtances will admit. You are x.^ tranfmit to me an account 
of the fteps you take in confcquence of the orders you may receive nom the General, to 
■whom I fhall meauon the counucs that 1 order to furnifh raea upon his requiTition, 

I am. Sir, 

Your moft hiimWc ftrvant. 







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VIRGINIA QUIT KENT ROLLS, I704 



69 



VIRGINIA QUIT RENT ROLLS, 1704 
(Continued) 



The Rent Roll of King William 


County. 




ACRES 


Armsby, John 


200 


Alvey, Robt. 


400 


Andrew, WnL 


100 


Abbott, Robt. 


100 


Arnold, Anthony 


100 


Arnold, Benj" 


1000 


Alcock, John 


190 


.A.dams, James 


400 


Anderson, \Xm. Capt. 


150 


Burwell, Msiy 


4700 


Bunch, Paul 


150 


Baker, John 


250 


Burgis, Edw" 


150 


Buttris, Robt. 


400 


Bibb, Benj» 


100 


Browne, Joseph 


270 


Bell, EdW 


580 


Burch, Henry 


200 


Burrel, Suprian [Cyprian?] 


350 


Baker, Tho. 


100 


Bobo, Eliz" 


200 


Bird, Wm. Maj"^ q' [quarter] 


1200 


Burrus, John 


60 


Butler, Thomas 


150 


Burrus, Thomas 


60 


Bassett, Coll. q-" 


1550 


Bray, James q"" 


1400 


Browne, Abraham 


250 


Brightwell, Eliz" 


300 


Bickley, Joseph 


150 



vO 



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OOOl 

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Claibourne, Wm. 


Coll. 


ACRES 

3000 


Claibourne, Tho. Capt. 


1000 


Claibourne, John 




50 


Coakes, Robert 




100 


Cradock, Sam" 




600 


Cockram, Wm. 




200 


Cockram, Joseph 




600 


Celar, John 




100 


Chadwick, Wm. 




150 


Sachtrn, John 




180 


Carr, Thomas 




500 


Chiles, Henry q-' 




700 


Cranshaw, [Crens 


haw?], Thomas 


150 


Clark, Margarett 




100 


Coates, Wm. 




50 


Douglas, Wm. 




200 


Davis, Lewis 




200 


Davis, Wm. 




200 


Downer, John 




300 


Downes, Elias 




300 




23850 


Davenport, Davis 




200 


Dorrell, [Darrell] 


Sampson q"" 


5000 


Davenport, Martin 


100 


Davis, Robert 




200 


Dickason, Wm. 




100 


Dickason, Thomas 




100 


Dillon, Henry 




150 


Dabney, James 




200 


Dabney, George 




290 


Dabney, Benj" 




2CX) 


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200 


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Elliott, James 1700 

Fox, John Capt. 600 

Fox, Henry 2000 

Finton, Francis 1°° 

Fuller, Anthony ^50 

Foord, John Jun' 3^0 

Foord, Wm. 800 

Fullalove, Thomas 100 

Fleming, Charles q^ ^7^ 

Graves, John q' ^0° 

Garratt, [Garrett], Thomas 200 

Geeres, Thomas 10^ 

Green, John 1°° 

Gravatt, Henry ^50 

Goodin, Maj' q^ 200 

Glover, Wm. 100 

Harriott, George 200 

Hollins, John 200 

Higgason, John 35^ 

Holderbee, Wm. 100 

Holliday, Wm. 100 

Hay field, Wm. 100 

Hampton, John 5^ 

H lick step, EdW 150 

Hurt, Wm. Jun' 9^ 

Hurt, Wm. Sen^ 250 

Hurt, John 500 

Hendrick, Hans 7^0 

Handcock, Thomas 200 

Hayden, John 150 

Hobday, EdW ^50 

Hill, Thomas 150 

Hutchinson, Wm. 600 

Hill, Francis 30° 

Hill, Gabriell 250 

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72 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

ACRES 

Hill, Ed\v» Coll q- 3000 

Hayle, Joseph 200 

Johns, Jane 240 

Johnson, Wm. 300 

Johnson, Coll q-^ 600 

Johns, Wm. lOO 

Isabell. Wm. 150 

James, Jonathan 3^0 

Inge, Vincent lOO 

Jones, Frederick q" 2850 

Jenings, Coll. q' 4000 

King, Robert, q"" 3^0 

Kettlerise, Symon 200 

Lee, John 20 

Lypscomb, Ambrose 600 

Lasy, [Lacy], Wm. 100 

Lypscomb, Wm. 300 

Littlepage, Rich" Capt. q' 2600 

Lypscomb, John 200 

Mallory, Thomas 150 

Mallory, Roger 100 

Miles, Daniell 350 

McGehee, Thomas 250 

Marr, John 200 

Morris, Wm. 440 

]Maybank, Wm. 100 

McDonnell, John 150 

Maddison, Henry 650 

Merriweather, Nich" q"" 600 

Mullens, Matthew 150 

Maddison, John q' 300 

Norment, Joseph 800 

Norment, Sam" 100 

Noyce, Wm. 650 

Napier, Robert 100 

Owens, Hugh 300 









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Oakes, John 35^ 

Oliver, John 140 

Palmer, Martin 1200 

Peek, John 100 

Pynes, Nathaniell 1400 

Pee, Thomas 400 

Purlevant, Arthur 100 

Powers, David 200 

Pollard, Wm. q' 500 

Pemberton, Geo. 180 



26520 

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Pickrell, Gabriel 100 

Parks, [Parke's J Coll. qr. 4500 

Quarles, John 100 

Reynolds, Wm. 100 

Robert, Maurice 200 

Randall, John 100 

Ray, James 100 

Rhodes, Nicholas 150 

Sandlon, Nicholas 700 

Strutton, Thomas 150 

Streett, Wm. 350 

Shilling, George 300 

Satterwhite, Charles 150 

Slaughter, Geo. lOO 

Slaughter, Martin 130 

Stark, John 500 

Sanders, Joshua 100 

See, Mathew 200 

Sellers, Jacob 350 

Spruse, Jeremy 150 

Smith, Edw^ 150 

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74 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

ACRES 

Slaughter, John 90 

Smith, Christ" q"" 800 

Slaughter, Henry 100 

Toms, Wm. 150 

Towler, Matthew 150 

Terry, Thomas 300 

Terry, Stephen 330 

Tomason, Thomas 150 

Terry, James 400 

Troncer, John lOO 

Vickery, Henry 450 

West, Jn° Coll 1800 

Winfree, Henry 300 

West, Tho. Capt. 1000 

Whitworth, John 200 

Whitlock, John 200 

Willeroy, Abraham 550 

Williams, Phillip 100 

Williams, Griffith 240 

Wood, Thomas 300 

Whitehead, John 100 

Woolsey, Jacob 130 

Williams, John 150 

Williams, Sam" 600 



18970 

Wright, Thomas 150 

Whitbee, Robert 800 

West, Nathan", Capt. 2000 

Waller, John Maj. 800 

Willis, Wm. 250 

Wheeles, Joseph 130 

Wormley, Madame, q"" 3000 

Winston, William 170 

Whitehead, Phillip 3000 

Yancey, Charles 100 



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Yarborough, John 
Yarborough, Richard 



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James Wood, K. Q. [King and Queen] 

Zachary Lewis, K. Q. 

Peter Kemp, G. C. [Gloucester Co.] 

Wm. Beck, N. K. [New Kent] 

Tho. Hickman, K. Q. 

Benj» Clement, G. C. 

David Bray, J: C: C: [James City Co.] 

Job House, N. K. 

Harry Beverley, M. S. 

Chillian White, G. C. 



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300 

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23850 
20760 
26520 
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76 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

KENNON LETTERS 

(Continued) 



Mrs. Elizabeth B, Kennon to Rachel Mordecai 

Deloraine July 9th 1809 
For the first time, since the commencement of our ac- 
quaintance my dearest Rachel ; I was really vexed with you, 
when Mr. Connelly hade his appearance at Deloraine, without 
a single line from you. I will now confide a great secret 
to }'our faithful keeping. Know then my dear, your friend 
S. S. K. can no longer boast that she is in a happy state of 
indifi'erence ; but has acknowledged to a terrific He creature, 
that he has inspired her with the painful, yet pleasing pas- 
sion, which occasions so many fiutterations, vexations, agita- 
tions, palpitations, and trembleations, among young people — 
yes my dear girl, a hardy son of Neptune, has after a tedious 
servitude, drawn from her a confession of reciprocal attach- 
ment and has obtained her consent to lead her to the Alter 
of Hymen, tho' the time when, is not yet fixed; when it is, 
be assured you shall know it; for she says she shall claim 
yours, and our dear Ellens promise, to officiate as bride maids 
on the occasion. I suppose you will not be puzzled to guess 
which is the man, the man she means to marry ; for as I 
have told you he is an honest tar, you will easily fix on the 
right one. You recollect Ellens prognostications before I 
left Warrenton, relative to our sailor; she said she was cer- 
tain it would be a match, from Sallys manner of pronouncing 
his name; for the ladies always called their husbands in a 
different way from other people; and that she instead of Sin- 
clair called him Miss Stinker''; and from that she was sure 

='This girlish joke shows, no doubt, that the name Sinclair was pro- 
nounced Sinkler. "Miss Stinker" was probably an imitation of some 
colored servant's attempt to say "Mr. Sinkler." 



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KENNON LETTERS 



17 



they would be married; the event shows she is deeply skilled 

in the prophetic art ; I think she must be burned for a witch ; 

for I am certain no other person, from the same cause would 

have prophesied this great event; for great it is to the parties 

concerned you know, tho' of little importance to the rest of 

the world ; for we are seldom interested for the concerns of 

others ; but as I am satisfied you will be anxious to know 

whether or not I am pleased with my daughters choice ; I 

will anticipate the question, and tell you she could not have 

delighted me more ; for I know him to be so truly amiable, 

that I shall commit her to his protection without any fears for 

her safety; his dangerous profession will I doubt not occasion 

her some heart aches ; but these she must learn to bear with 

fortitude ; and as she justly observes, she shall not be more 

uneasy on that account after she is his wife, than she should 

be if she remained single and loved him; you know my dear, 

there is no situation in life exempt from trouble of some kind 

or other, we must therefore take the evil, with the good; and 

in his absence comfort herself, with the expectation of a 

happy meeting. I have often told her when she has declared, 

that she believed she was incapable of feeling the passion of 

love ; that Cupid would one day convince her to the contrary ; 

and that I expected when he began, she would love with all 

her heart ; the event proves that I was right ; for I assure 

you she has drank pretty deeply ; and this I am convinced 

was> the case, from the first week she renewed her acquaintance 

with him ; she had known him in her childhood ; but eight 

years absence, had rendered him almost like a stranger, and 

she was more likely to receive a sudden impression ; I soon 

saw the effect they had on each other and I determined to 

let the physic work, not doubting; but it would end as it has; 

you know she used to say she would try the affection of the 

man she married well ; before she consented to become his ; 

she has done so and he has stood the trial, she is resolved 

to reward him; I could not help smiling the other day, for 

coming into the room where the lovers were ; he asked me 

to listen to his story, and tell him if I did not think Sally 



II fi lljiv/ 370J 



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VI.. 



78 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

had been a little cruel to him; for she had discarded him 
so positively five times v^hile she was in Surry ; that he had 
no hopes of ever succeeding; tho' his love induced him still 
to persevere ; and that she now acknowledged she had loved 
him from the first. I advised him to punish her, by refusing 
to have her now she was willing; he said he could not pos- 
sibly aft'ord to do that ; and indeed she now made him such 
ample compensation, that he would forgive her intirely; tho' 
if he had known it at the time; he should have felt rather 
more comfortable, than he had done for eighteen months 
past; does not this show my dear, that if a man has a pos- 
sibility of success he will try repeatedly, if he loves sincerely? 
Present my sincere love to your Father, Mother, Brothers, 
and Sisters ; I wish I may ever have the happiness of seeing 
them again ; but unless we can meet in some other place than 
your city, I fear we never shall ; for the mortifications I have 
suffered there, have left such a sting behind ; that notwithstand- 
ing there are some there I value so highly ; yet I never think 
of the place ; but it makes my heart sink, as children generally 
say when they wish to express a kind of horror; but I will 
try to conquer these sensations, and if it ever is in my power, 
pay you one more visit. Fareweel my much loved Rachel, 
hold yourselves in readiness to obey our summons ; and come 
and see me (torn) my daughter, and gain a new, and estimable, 
and respected son; and witness the happiness of your 
sincerely affectionate friend 

Since writing the above, your letter E. B. Kennon. 

of the loth of June has come to hand ; 

excuse my scolding ; for your affectionate 

epistles makes me ashamed of being angry; 

I will answer it soon, and tell you a most diverting occurrence. 

Miss Rachel Mordecai, Postmarked: 

Warrenton, Marshallsville 

North Carolina. July 12 



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kennon letters 79 

Sally S. Kennon to Ellen Mordecai 

Mount Misery August the 2nd 1809 
Twelve o'clock. 

As I have only a few minutes to write to you in my dear 
Ellen, I will not fill up my paper or rather take up my time 
with a long preamble about nothing at all; but proceed to 
answer your inquiries relative to the youth, I have chosen 
as my chaperon through life; upon my word he is in my 
opinion something more than common ; or depend upon it. 
I never could have given up beaux and conquests all for him ; 
and that too without one sigh of regret; is it not somewhat 
strange ? but it is even so ; well then, he is neither tall nor 
short; but just the middle size; his form and appearance is 
very elegant ; he has all the degage that you know is peculiar 
to the officer; which renders him, at least in my eyes, quite 
irresistable ; his skin is naturally very fair; but being ex- 
posed so constantly to the sun, all his visible parts are very 
much tanned ; how his invisibles are I am unable to tell you ; 
he is not either fat or lean but just what you may call plump ; 
but oh lord, oh lord, you ask me if he is handsome or ugly, 
well Ellen I must tell you the truth, as I am upon honour; 
he is quite Ugly, yes indeed hard as it is to write the word, 
he is quite ugly; he has an ugly nose, not pretty eyes, and 
white eye brows, -and white eye lashes ; but then he has a 
very sweet looking mouth, and that is a very great thing in a 
matrimonial voyage ; his teeth are very white, but his lips are 
not remarkable any way ; he dances I am told, but I never 
saw him, therefore cannot tell you whether he does it well 
or not ; he plays very sweetly on the violin, sings quite agree- 
ably, and whistles quite inchantingly, much more so I think 
than even Tom did ; well my dear have you any idea from this 
discription what sort of a figure my intended is? I think 
I have been quite particular enough; but I must tell you that 
his manners are very pleasing; and as to his heart, I do not 
think a l)elter ever beat in a human breast although as poor 
old cousin Betty Fitzhugh used to say : I say that you should 



«>irn.ij VjOVI'.i:-. \ 



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Mb 



till* ol> 



8o VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

nut. I am at present at Col. Tarry's and have been from 
home paying a round of visits to my old friends in this county; 
as I have not seen them this year ; for nearly a fortnight and 
I do not expect to be at home in three weeks to come, there- 
fore if you write to me in that time, you must direct to 
Mecklenburg Court House, if not to Marshallsville, Meck- 
lenburg. We have a charming beau, who has been bowing 
and scraping about me for some time ; but as the Captain's 
red head was in the way, and I could not take him myself, 
i have determined not to lose him altogether but keep him until 
you and Rachel come over and see if one or the other cannot 
take his little palpitator by storm but this, as Mrs. Higgin- 
botham says, is between you, myself and the post I will not 
tell you his name; but he is bran new piping hot from Rich- 
mond. I have had a sweetheart since ilr. Sinclair left us, 
that surpasses all comprehension ; and if I had time, 1 would 
gi\'e you the courtship verbatim as Mama who you know is 
a famous hand at listening, had stationed herself in such a 
way, that she heard the whole ; and has set it down ; but I 
have not time ; I will however tell you one speech ; which will 
give you some idea of the style in which his speeches were 
delivered ; after trying for some time to prevail on me to dis- 
card the Captain and take him; for I candidly told him I 
was engaged ; he said now Miss Sally, do you not think you 
had better marry a man of science, one of erudition, and a 
philosopher, than one whose frequent absence, even if he is 
capable of doing so, which I very much doubt, will put it 
out of his power to improve you ? for your education has not 
been finished believe me ; I replied by asking him in what 
instance I had displayed so much folly that he thought my 
education had not been finished ; by refusing me, was his 
answer ; I was positively so much astonished at the man, that 
I looked at him some moments with all the contempt I could 
call into my face, and then at length exclaimed with great 
composure, really ? the conversation lasted about two hours, 
in that style ; and at length the gentleman took his leave 
and I never have seen him since ; did you ever hear of such 
impudence in your life? Mama says when she writes to you, 



?.u 



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iioy ob ,v 



it it}f\ Hi// jdijol) ([-ijittt '('rov I 



KENNON LETTERS 



8i 



which will he by the next mail, she will give a full account 
of it; but you must recollect that this is all to be a profound 
secret, you must not let any person see it but your own family. 
Mama got a letter from Captain Sinclair by the last mail, 
in which he mentioned that he had solicited and obtained a 
Midshipman's commission in the Navy for Beverley'" and al- 
though she is so dreadfully afraid of the water, she is so 
fully sensible of the advantage it will be to him, as to money 
matters ; she has consented to his accepting it ; so you will 
soon see the handsome smart young Midshipman, for he has 
really grown quite handsome, and is almost as tall as George 
and vastly Genteel. I have almost filled my paper, and have 
not told you to give my love to every member of your family 
and my dear Rachel in particular, tell her that I am anxiously 
looking out for her promised letter; and that she must not 
disappoint me ; I shall certainly expect you all over to see me 
spliced ; but as no day is yet appointed I cannot tell now when 
you are to come, you shall however be informed in due season, 
so hold yourself in readiness to set off at a moments warning ; 
you, Rachel and Caroline must all be Brides maids for I 
must insist upon her coming with you. I do not intend to 
have any wedding at all; except our family, Major Nelson's, 
the Skipwiths and a few young men for the girls will be all, 
Moses and Sally, I will insist on their being of the party, 
Sam also if he is up at the time; could not your dear Father 
and Mother strain a point and come too? I fear not, but I 
know if it is in their power, they will oblige me, when they 
know what a gratification it will be to me to have them with 
us at that time ; my old friend Connelly will also have an 
invitation; dont forget the night cap you were to make for 
me, for the great occasion. My paper is full and it is twelve 
o'clock at night, I will therefore bid you good night, after 
begging you will write very soon to your 

S. S. Kennon. 

You must excuse bad writing and blunders, for I am almost 
asleep and was obliged to write tonight, as the messenger sets 

""Beverley Kennon, afterwards Commodore. , 



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82 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

off early in the morning for Williamsburg and I wish to send 
this scrawl by him to you, as it is a quicker conveyance by 
that place than Petersburg. 

To Miss Ellen Mordecai, 
Warrenton, 
North Carolina. 
j\lail. 



Mrs. Elizabeth B. Kennon to Rachel Mordecai 

Col. Tarrys Sepr. 29th 1809 

While every eye is closed, and the pale ]\loon, and Stars 
alone, shine conscious of my employment; I have stolen a few 
moments from sleep, to dedicate them to my beloved Rachel ; 
alas, my dear, how many disappointments are we poor mortals 
liable to ; a few days ago I flattered myself, I should this very 
night embrace my sweet friend, and the rest of her highly 
valued family; but some cross accidents, such as breaking the 
spring of my carriage, getting one of my horses lame, and 
the' last mentioned, not least vexatious; failing to collect as 
much money as I had been promised, and expected to receive 
yesterday, have induced me to postpone my trip to your village 
some time longer, I did please myself with the idea, of ex- 
ulting over those; who thought sheriffs, and constables were 
necessary, to induce me to pay what I owed ; but I must de- 
fer that pleasure a little longer; and have now sent George 
to discharge my debt to Mr. Connelly; as the friendly steps 
he took, when my enemies harrassed me so much; I think 
entitles him to precedence; notwithstanding there are some 
others, whose kindness shall ever be remembered with grat- 
itude; and as soon as I can prevail on others to pay me, they 
shall receive what is due to them ; not even Davidson shall 
suffer; but he shall be the last I will pay; and now while I 
am speaking of that little plague, will you be kind enough to 
request your Papa, to take Bob Ruftin's deposition, relative 
to what Dickey told him, when he asked him what rent I was 



KENNON LETTERS 83 

to give him for his house and lot; as he may hereafter try 
to make me pay more than I agreed to do; for I do not be- 
Heve he would scruple to do such a thing. You will see by 
Sallys letter to Ellen, that she thought I should certainly go to 
\Varrenton ; she wished very much to accompany us ; but I 
persuaded her to visit her cousins the Skipwiths ; as she 
had long promised them to do so; and has been prevented 
hitherto, by not wishing to leave me alone at our retired dwell- 
ing; but by going now that objection is obviated. In your 
last, you expressed a wish to know how her Amphibious ani- 
mal' is employed ; he is still at Washington, busily engaged in 
getting his vessel ready for sea; she is yet under the hands 
of the workmen; but the Secretary of the Navy just before 
he left that place for Charlestown ; told him he must hold him- 
self in readiness, for a trip across the Atlantic; he is now 
under sailing orders ; but where he will go he cannot tell ; Sally 
got a letter from him the day she left home; he complains 
very much of the horrors of absence; but knows not when 
he can get a Furlough; as it is expected that he will be sent 
to Europe with dispatches. You say you hope 1 am now 
happy : I assure you my daughters choice is a source of great 
pleasure to me ; for I do not believe there exists a more amiable 
man; he is not handsome; but he has every other recommen- 
dation ; and I suppose she agrees with Addison "That beauty 
soon grows familiar to the lover, fades in the eye, and palls 
upon the sense ;" while integrity, honour, sincerity, virtue, and 
truth, all of which he possesses, will appear more refulgent, 
as she gets more intimately acquainted with him. You can- 
not imagine my dear girl, how I was pleased when I read 
those honourable testimonies of approbation, which the parents 
of your pupils and the Gentlemen who were present at the 
examination, gave to your Institution; most heartily do I 
wish, it may continue to flourish, as long as you desire to keep 
it up ; I hope, indeed I know, you will not accuse me of flattery, 
when I tell you that I never heard a school more praised ; and 
whenever any thing is said in its commendation; both Sally 
and myself, feel as proud as if we had something to do with 



won it art ; 






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Kir.'. !;;<(• ijff) ii'irHw ,nr 






84 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

it ; go on my amiable Rachel, persevere in your praise-worthy 
course, and prosperity will I doubt not, again illumine your path 
through life. I wish I had any news worth communicating 
to you ; but I have not, for you are such a stranger in Meck- 
lenburg and Halifax, that the chit chat of either place, must 
be (juite uninteresting to you ; when you answer this, give all 
the anecdotes of your town ; for they are amusing to me ; 

poor Betsy , she 1 suppose was deceived, by the stale 

method of seduction our modern Lotharios all practice ; a 

promise of marriage; for you recollect, it was reported a long 

lime, that she, and her gallant gay deceiver were to be married; 

but it is probable, after he found he could not get her on 

easier terms, he did not choose to be shackled. 

Cease gay seducers pride to take ; 

In triumphs o'er the fair ; 

Since clowns as well can act the rake. 

As those in higher sphere. 

As my paper is full, I nuist bid you farewell my dear young 
friend; after asking you to congratulate your much loved 
Mama, on the addition to her family; may it live to be a 
comfort to you all. My love to every member of your family, 
from your Papa, down to the little stranger ; may you all be 
happy, sincerely prays 

Yours Affectionately 

E. B. Kennon. 

Ask your Mama and Papa, if they will buy that great ket- 
tle of mine ; they shall have it for five dollars ; it cost me six, 
and it was not injured when I left it behind. As old Brigs 
in Cecelia says, I begin to be noddy; once more farewell. 
12 O'clock. I have not looked over this scrawl this morning, 
so if there are hundred blunders; you must blame Morpheus 
for them all. 

Miss Rachel Mordecai, 

Warrenton. 
Mr. G. Kennon. 






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kennon letters 85 

Mrs. Elizabeth B. Kennon to Rachel Mordecai 

Deloraine, Nov. 12th 1809 

With heartfelt pleasure, did I hear a few days ago my dear 
Rachel, that Major Nelson intended to visit your city these 
races ; as it afifords me an opportunity which I have long 
Vv'ished for, of addressing my beloved friend. Ah, my dear 
girl how differently did I spend my time, when I could only 
by taking a short walk, spend a social hour with you, and the 
rest of your valued family whenever I chose to do so, to what 
I do now when any of these Forkites visit us ; I have seen but 
few of them but to quote Salma Gundy "'I had rather drive 
an Ox Cart over one of the sand fields of Carolina than sup- 
port one of those horrid, dull monotonous conversations" but 
as Mrs. Higginbotham says, this must be between you, and 
I, and the Post, for I do not wish to offend them. I had, or 
rather Erasmus had ; a letter from your amiable brother Sam ; 
lie was well, and I hope happy, for he deserves to be so; Moses 
and Solomon, must not infer from this, that he is a greater 
favourite of mine than they are, I assure them he is not; for 
I cordially value, love and esteem them all; but I suppose a 
triumvirate of youthful beaux, will not care what an old 
woman's sentiments are relative to them ; but they must re- 
member the old saying; "It is better to have the good will 
of cats, than their ill will;" therefore the affection even of such 
an old soul as your friend will be 1 flatter myself acceptable. 
.\nd now my dear girl I intend to solicit one proof of friend- 
ship from you, which is confidence ; for when that is withheld, 
there is very Httle sincerity, however violent the professions 
of regard may be ; you will probably wonder what this pre- 
amble will lead to ; I will not keep you in suspence ; but with- 
out farther circumlocution inform you what it is I wish to 
know : when George was in Warrenton he heard it so confi- 
dently asserted that Ellen was to marry Mr. A. C. Miller; 
that he appeared when he returned not to doubt the truth 
of the report; but when he informed me of it, I told him I 
would suspend my opinion, until I heard from you ; as I was 



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86 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

certain you would be candid with me ; I now put you to the 
test ; and assure you on my word, if it is so, I will be as 
secret as you wish me to be. I think I have a right to ask 
this of you, after the free disclosure I made of my daughters 
matrimonial intentions ; and you know one good turn deserves 
another ; give my love to my dear Ellen ; and tell her, when- 
ever she alters her situation, let her select what partner she 
pleases, she will have my hearty wishes for her happiness. 
Sally received a letter a few days ago from her Captain ; he 
laments the necessity he is under, of being so long from her ; 
but the hard dutys of his dangerous profession, cannot be 
dispenced with ; and he must obey ; I know not when we shall 
see him, but I am certain he will come as soon as he can get 
leave of absence ; his vessel is in fine order, just refitted and 
as good as new ; he says she sails like the wind, and is the 
handsomest thing he ever saw except a pretty girl ; you know 
sailors in general love the fair sex ; and he is among their warm- 
est admirers; he informs us that one of his brother ofticers, 
has a secret kindness for Sally Browne ; but is uncertain 
whether he will tell his love, or suffer concealment like a 
worm in the bud &c. George and Hugh Nelson" on their way 
to Philadelphia ; dined, supped and spent the night on board 
his vessel ; she is called the Nautilus ; they were highly de- 
lighted, they left it the next day; got on board a packet, and 
as the wind kept fair several days, I hope they are now safe 
in the City of Penn ; where if it is not their own faults, they 
may learn how to be useful to the world ; at least in the small 
circle they will move in ; how different my dear will the lives 
of George and Beverley be spent; the profession of one, will 
be to cure wounds ; the other to inflict them ; and alas, alas, 
alas, perhaps to receive them. Give my sincere love to every 
member of your family, and tell your Mama my dear and 
highly esteemed friend ; that I was pleased to see Elizabeth, 
among the names she has given her little stranger, as I have 
the vanity to think, that was selected on my account and as- 
sure her, that I will when I marry again call my first daughter 



"^George Kennon and Hugh Nelson were going to Philadelphia tu 
study medicine. 



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KENNON LETTERS 87 

Rebecca. Do my dear when you write, tell me all the oc- 
currences of your village and its environs ; . . . . You ask me 
my sweet friend to visit you at the time of your vacation; 
I would do so with pleasure, was it in my power ; but I am 
certain it will not be; for many reasons will conspire to pre- 
vent me ; Init I entreat you, and Ellen, and my much beloved 
Caroline to try and take a trip to these "woods, and wilds 
and melancholy shades" and see if you cannot "make the 
desert smile". Perhaps you may have heard that my brother 
has sold dear Richland ; he has so ; and I visited it lately in 
the company, and at the request of the Lady who is now 
its mistress ; never did I see a place more completely ruined ; 
it has been rented out, and the tenants appear as if they de- 
lighted in devastation ; the garden was a pasture ; the house 
looked like these old castles we read of, for there was only 
one door to get in at, the steps from the others were all gone ; 
the chaml)er I am told is their cooking room, the dining room 
and parlour they sleep in ; one of the rooms upstairs they weave 
in, in another they keep their meat ; what my sensations on 
looking about me were you will easily imagine ; the kitchen 
was a stable and the yard a nursery for all sorts of weeds up 
to the doors. I could not help smiling at William Henry, he 
looked very serious for some time and then exclaimed; Well, 
poor old Richland you are gone to "construction". When you 
have read thus far, you will think I had better stop; but I 
cannot prevail on myself to do so, for I take such a delight 
in scribbling to you, that I must fill my paper if it rs with 
nonsense alone. My daughter Nancy, is not here at present ; 
but she desired me when I wrote to give her love to you all ; 
Erasmus is quite delighted with the thoughts of being a papa ; 
and as Ellen always said, I liked to be thought old, I suppose 
she will think that I shall be pleased when I am a Grandmother. 
Mrs. Norborne Nelson has lately presented her good man 
with a third daughter. 

Your unalterable friend 

E. B. Kennon, 

Aliss Rachel Mordecai, Warrenton, N. C. Honoured by Major 
Nelson. 

(To be continued) 



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88 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



NOTES AND QUERIES 



FORT LOUDOUN AND ITS AUTHOR. 

"In 1756 the author was desired by Governor Glen [of South Caro- 
lina] to build a fort upon Tanessee River, in the country of the upper 
Cherakee Indians, where he previously sent a good geometer, one 
Caplain Hamilton, whom he gave instructions to pitch upon a fork 
of Tanessee, a place which was as little as possible commanded by any 
eminence .... At his return the author learn'd that the spot in- 
tended for a fort had been chosen by the Indians before Hamilton's 
arrival, in a fine plane, but commanded from the opposite mountain 

which is a long ridge on the north side of Tanessee 

The author after deliberation, concluded it was prudent and nec- 
essary, that he should make a remonstration of the difficulty in send- 
ing ammunition, stores, relieve, and reinforcement to a fort at so great 
a distance, through impregnable defilees, and a savage people, easily 
offended and revengeful .... He therefore did not advise to the 
construction of the fort ; but the Indians having sollicitate ever since 
ten years without ceasing, that a fort should be built and garnsond 
with King's troops .... therefore his remonstration and advice 
could not be attended to. He than undertook that service, was allowed 
300 men and /5000 sterling, to support all expences of maintaining 
and marching these men, provisions, and stores over the Apalachian 
mountains, to built the fort afterwards called Loudoun, upon Tanessee, 
and near Taleguo Rivers, in lat« 36° 10', and long* 86° northwest 
half west 372 miles in a straight line, but by the comon road 450 
miles from Charleston 

[The author] had much a do to convince the Indians of the im- 
propriety to built a fort between three commanding eminences .... 
and at last shewed the Indians that the mens very shoe buckels was 
seen fro meither of these three mountains; could therefore not serve 
for a fort to protect their old men, women, and children, what could 
not protect its own garrison. 

They than conserted he should choose the western mount, being a 
narrow ridge, on which he laid only a poligon with two bastions, not 
finding a sufficient plane on its top for the whole fort, he therefore 
laid another poligon with two bastions below, at the east side of the 



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NOTES AND QUERIES 89 

mountain's foot, which he joined to the southward with a poligon 
to that on the top, and secured it with traverses against enfilading ; 
and on the east, upon the river, with an other pohgon, on which he 
formed a ravehn and contreguarde before the courtain, thereby to 
have a full command of the river, and make the most of the territory, 
which descended towards the river in several steps. A rhombus, with 
two obtuse and two acute angular bastions, was the figure which the 
fort could receive from the bearings of the river and mountain, who 
with a rocky precipice forty one foot high from the water's super- 
ficies, terminates upon the river's edge ; each poligon extended 300 
foot in length, with a breast work of twenty-one foot thick. In the 
didges he directed a hedge to be planted of young locust trees, which 
in less than twelf months time filled the didge from the contrescarpe 
to the scarpe .... The medling which this hedge is in every re- 
spect impracticable, and renders the fort impregnable at least against 
Indians who always engage naked. Each bastion mounts three canons, 
each canon is of sixteen ounces caliber or bore ; these small canons 
was bought with the greatest difficulty and great expences over the 
Apalachian Mountains; the Indian trader (one EUit) undertooke to 
bring them from Fort Prince George, opposite Keowee, on the east 
side of the Apalachian Mountains ; Ellit contrived to poise on each 
horse a canon cross ways over the pack saddle, and lash'd them round 
the horse's body with belts ; but as these horses had to cross a country 
full of high mountains, and these covered with forests, it would hap- 
pen that some times one end of a canon did catch a tree, twist upon 
the saddle, and drew the horse down, some of which had by these 
accidences their backs broken under the wight, and lost their lif s ; the 
longest journey these horses could make was six miles in a day." 

This author has been overlooked by the professional biographers. 
He was John Gerard William de Brahm, a man after the order of 
Swedenborg, of very scientific attainments and very mystical aptitudes. 
De Brahm brought a German colony to Georgia in 1751, was soon 
made Surveyor General of the Southern District of North America, 
and did excellent work as far south as Cape Florida. He died at 
an advanced age, perhaps in Philadelphia about 1800. In 1856 Plowden 
C. J. Weston printed forty nine copies in quarto of a book he called 
"Documents Relating to South Carolina". The extract given above 
is drawn from Weston's edition of De Brahm's MS account of South 
Carolina. 

It is of interest to have the Fort Loudoun confusion thoroughly 
cleared up. William de Brahm, against his judgment, built the fort 
under orders from South Carolina. Obviously he knew his business. 
The Cherokee put him down as a man of science and wisdom. 

[By the late] A. J. Morrison. 



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CjO VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

REESE. 

Compiled by Mrs. R. D. Sturdivant, Berlin, Alabama, and Mrs. Minnie 
Reese Richardson, Fort Worth, Texas. 

Joel Reese, born , died , 1812 in Putnam County, Georgia. 

Married to Rebekah Harris. After the death of Joel Reese, Re- 

bekah Harris married (2) Joseph Turner of Georgia. Joel Reese served 
in the Revolutionary War, see Report of the State Librarian, Revolution- 
ary Soldiers of Virginia, 1912, page 369. 

Rees, Joel, I. P., D. 49, Pitts, 21. 

Will of Joel Reese is recorded in Will Book A, Page 18-19, Eatonton, 
Putnam County, Georgia. His legatees were his wife Rebekah, (to have 
one third) and his children to have the other two thirds and to be schooled 



and supported in a very decent manner. The will was dated Nov. 5, 1810 
and proved Nov. 12, 1812. 

Children of Joel Reese, and his wife Rebekah Harris are as follows: 
Names Dates of Birth To Whom Married 

( 2) Polly Reese, born July i6th, 1795 James B. Clopton 

( 3) Betsy Reese, born Dec. 31st, 1796 Kinchen Peterson Thweatt 

( 4) Jordan Reese, born September 4th, 1798. 

( 5) Blanch Reese, born September 16th, 1800 Fletcher 

( 6) Jane Reese, born December 31st, 1802. 

( 7) Joel Reese, Jr., born August i6th 1805 (i) Miss Stinson 

(2) Carrie Marshall 
Youngest sister of 
Stephen B. Marshall. 
( 8) Rebekah Reese, born January 19th, 1808. 

( 9) Martha Reese, born August 23rd, 1810 Stephen B. Marshall 

( 2) Polly Reese, born July i6th, 1795, died August 8th, 1873, and 

is interred at the Presbyterian Church Cemetery, Pleasant Hill, 

Dallas County, Alabama. Some of her beautiful needle work 

is still in the possession of the family. Married to James 

B. Clopton. He served as clerk of the Court in Putnam County, 
Georgia, in the year 1812. 
Children of Polly Reese and her husband James B. Clopton are as 
follows : 

(10) Virginia Clopton, born July 24th, 1813. 

(11) Waldegrave Clopton, born , 1815. 

(12) Martha Ann Clopton, born April 20th, 1830. 

(13) James B. Clopton, Jr. He was drowned while on a boat ex- 
cursion on the Alabama River. He was only 8 years old at this 
time. His body was never found, although the river was dragged 
for his body, and every means employed for its recovery. 



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NOTES AND QUERIES 9I 

( 9) Martha Reese, born August 23rd, 1810, died , married 

, 1826 to Stephen B. Marshall of Georgia. Children as 

follows : 

(14) Elizabeth Marshall, born . 

(15) William Blunt Marshall, . 

(16) James F. Marshall, born . Killed in battle during the 

Civil War. 

(17) Stephen B. Marshall, Jr., born . 

(18) Joel Reese Marshall, born . 

(19) Rebekah Marshall, born . 

(20) Henry Marshall, born . 

(21) Martha Marshall, born . 

(22) Mary Marshall, born — — — , married W. R. Respess. After 
her death Hattie Marshall married W. R. Respess. 

(22) Hattie Marshall, born . 



VIRGINIA GAZETTES IN THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY 

We have the Virginia Gazette for the following years : 
1739 — December 7; 1751— February 28, December 27; 1759 — January 
2, December 22; 1762 — February 12; 1766 — July 25; 1770 — June 21; 
1775 — January 7, December 30; 1776 — September 21, October 4, No- 
vember i; 1777 — July 18; 1778 — January 23; 1780 — January 8, April 
8, May 9, June 14, June 28, July 5, 19, 26, August 9; 1782 — January 
5, 19, February 16, 23, March 23, April 6, 20, 27, May 18; 1783 — April 
5; 1791 — May II, December 7, 14; 1792 — September 12, October 31; 
1794 — January 8, 24, 2y, February 21, March 7, July i, August i, 
October 7, 10, November 11, 25, December 5; 1795 — March 10, 13, 
24, April 3, II, 18, 25, May 5, 12, 19; 1799 — February 5, 19. 
(Signed) K. D. Metcalf, 

Executive Assistant. 



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92 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



GENEALOGY 



SAUNDERS-PRINCESS ANNE COUNTY, VIRGINIA. 

Contributed by Charles F. McIntosh 

"A Letter Regarding The Queen's Rangers", by E. Alfred Jones, 
M. A., F. R. Hist. S., proved of such great interest to the readers of 
the Magazine, October 1922, that I feel a sketch of four generations 
of this family will be of interest to their many descendants in the two 
Dominions. 

JONATHAN SAUNDERS (i): Was the Minister of Lynnhaven 
Parish, Princess Anne County, Virginia, 1695 (Va. Mag. of Hist. & 
B. Vol. V, p. 436) ; Charles Neale of North Carolina and Mary his 
wif'j conveyed to Jonathan Saunders, Clerk, one hundred acres .... 
part of an island .... Kendall's Island .... bounded with the fresh 
ponds (now the lakes of the Norfolk City Water system), dated 5 
Apr. 1696, recorded 3 Sep. 1696 (Deed Book i, folio 123, Pr. Anne 
Co. Clks. Office). A John Saunders was ordained for the American 
Colonies, Virginia, Oct. 24, 1699 (Va. Mag., Vol. IV, p. 18) ; Jona- 
tha'.i Saunders, clerk, late minister or rector of the parish of '•Len- 
haven" in Princess Anne County in Virginia, deceased, Administration 
15 Dec. 1702 to Jonathan Matthews, attorney, for the relict Mary 
Bousli als Saunders, now wife of Maximilian Boush, now in Virginia 
(Intestate died 2 years ago. See Warrant), (England, P. C. C. Admon. 
Act Book 1702 folio 243) ; Rev. Jonathan Saunders' widow, on March 
6, 1700/1, (who had before been the widow of Thomas Ewell), quali- 
fied as his administratrix, he dying intestate (Va. Mag., Vol. XI, p. 79 
—Virginia Gleanings in England). Mary who first married Ewell, 
second Saunders nad third Boush, was the daughter (youngest child) 
of Thomas and Anne Bennett. By Ewell she had no children, by 
Saunders, two, and by Boush, several (Va. Mag., Vol. XXXI, No. 4, 
Oct. 1923). 

JOHN SAUNDERS (2) : "Maximilian Boush & Mary his wife 
late wido: and relict of Mr. Jonathan Saunders deceased to John 
Saunders Marriner son and heir of ye. abovesd. Mr. Jon^ Saunders 
.... quit claim .... dower right .... Kendall's Island .... 
one hundred acres .... one ye eastern Shore in ye. County of 
Princess Anne", dated 3 feb. 1719, recorded 3 feb. 1719 (Deed Book 
3, folio 296, Pr. Anne Co.) ; John Saunders to Robert Dearmore .... 
one hundred acres .... Kendall's Island .... dated & Recorded 



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GENEALOGY 93 

5 Aprill 1720 (Deed Book 3 f. 310, Pr. Anne Co.) ; Christopher Bur- 
rough of Princess Anne County to John Saunders of Y^ Same County 
Marriner .... 250 acres .... in Princess Anne County .... 
excepting about fourty foot Square being Y= burying place .... 
dated i Sep. 1724 recorded 2 Dec. 1724 (Deed Book 4 f. 5, Pr. Anne 
Co.). John Ellegood of Norfolk County Gent, to Capt. John Saunders 
of Princess Anne County, 100 Acres .... on bennetts Creek .... 
called Tiniljer neck .... dated and recorded 5 Dec. 1773 (Deed 
Book 4 f. 467, Pr. Anne Co.). Will of Captain John Saunders: 
"In the name of God Amen, I give my Soul unto Jesus Christ my 
Savour in hopes of receiving of it the day of resurrection through 
Jesus Christ our Lord Amen — Item I give unto my well beloved 
v/ife Mary Saunders two negroes fellows the one called George the 
other Need during her natural Life. I give to my daughter mary Saun- 
ders one negro woman called nell & her child Roben .... to my 
Son Johnathan one negro woman call*! Benbo .... a boy called 
Issakes .... to my dafter Alargret a negro called Jude .... a 
negro calli* Tone .... to my child that my dear wife is bearing 
the negru caled Isble .... to my son Johnathan Saunders the man- 
hood plantation whereon I live being two hundred & fifty acres of 
Land & allso Ye plantation formerly caled Joseph Smiths being one 
hundred acres the Whole three hundred & fifty acres .... Seaven 
acres of Land Tankard .... one dozen of Silver Spoons between 
my two Dafters mary and margret Saunders .... each of them 
one feather bed and furniture .... large looking Glass .... 
all Ye rest of my Estate .... to my well beloved wife afte rmy 
debts is paid .... I do appoint my well beloved wife & arthur 
Sawer tu be my whole & Sole Execkuters .... february Ye. 16: 
1733/4 ■ • • • (witnesses) : John Guy Henry Miller .... (Signed) : 
John Saunders .... (Proved) : 5 June 1734 .... will of Capt. 
John Saunders by both witnesses on Ye. motion of Charles Sayer 
. . . . Recorded for ye. benefit of Ye. Testators children". (Deed 
Book 4 f. 507, Pr. Anne Co.). There is a mere feeling in reading 
the records that Mary the daughter of the testator may have married 
one Henry Miller and that Margaret the other daughter may have 
first married Thomas Haire and second Peter Malbone. This however 
is only an inference. I have never been able to prove it. The will of 
Charles Sayer of Princess Anne County : . . . . Wife Margret Sayer 
. . . . my Son arthur Sayer .... (Witness) : Mary Saunders 
.... dated 18 Aug. 1740 .... proved 5 Nov. 1740 (Deed Book 
5 f. 514, Pr. Aiine Co.). The Will of Margret Sayer of the Parish 
of Lynhaven in the County of Princess Anne .... unto my Grandson 
Jonathan Saunders the Sum of Tenn Pounds .... my grand daughter 
Margaret Malbore .... my Son Arthur Sayer .... my Grand 
Daughters Anne and Margaret Newton .... my Daughter Frances 



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94 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Boush .... my Grandson Anthy Lawson .... my Grandaughter 
Margaret Walke .... my grandaughter Frances Sayer .... 
my Grandaughter Margaret Boush .... my Daughter EHzabeth New- 
ton .... dated i8 May 1754 .... proved 19 Nov. 1754 (Deed 
Book 7 f. 661, Pr. Anne Co.). The will of Arthur Sayer of Princess 
Anne County in Virg" .... my Daughter Frances Sayer .... 
Wife Eliza. Sayer .... my daughter Margt Sayer .... my 
Daughter Mary Sayer .... my Nephew Mr. Anthony Lawson .... 
my Son Charles Sayer .... appoint my Friends & Kinsmen Thos. 
Walke, Anthony Lawson & Jonathan Saunders Exor^ .... dated 
24 feb. 1754 .... proved 20 Oct. 1761 (Deed Book 8 f. 638, Pr. 
Anne Co.). The will of Elizabeth Sayer Widow of Princess Anne 
County .... my daughter Elizabeth Sayer .... my three 
Daughters Frances, Margaret and Mary and my son Charles Sayer 
Sons in Law Mr. John Hancock and Peter Singleton Executors .... 
dated 11 Sep. 1765 (Deed Book 9 f. 606, Pr. Anne Co.). Account 
of Charles Sayer Guardian of Mary, Jonathan & Margt children of 
Capt. John Saunders deceased, 1733 & 1738 (Gdn. Book i, pp. i, 2 & 6, 
Pr. Anne Co.). 

Mary Saunders the daughter of the Rev. Jonathan Saunders married 
Captain Cornelius Calvert, Senior of Norfolk Town, Va., July 29th 
1719. His will is dated 29 May 1749. Her will is dated 18 Aug. 1762, 
and both are recorded in the Norfolk County Clerk's Office at Ports- 
mouth, Va., and their issue was numerous (Va. Mag., Vol. I, pp. 63- 
109). 

JONATHAN SAUNDERS (3) : Col. Nathaniel Newton of Prin- 
cess Anne County, Va., to Mr. Jonathan Saunders .... 260 acres 
. . . . Parish of Lynhaven .... same property purchased of 
George Moseley .... 1743 .... dated 16 Nov. 1753 (Deed Book 
7 f. 545, Pr. Anne Co.). Colony of Virginia to Jonathan Saunders 

& George Oldner 136 acres in Princess Anne Co on Bennetts 

Creek .... joining on the Lands of Thos. Owens the orphans of 
Thos. Thelaball, Jno. Hunter & Col. Anthony Walke .... dated 
June 26, 1755 (Land Office, Richmond, Va., Vol. 29, p. 450). Jon- 
athan Saunders & George Oldner of Princess Anne Co., to Anthony 
Walke junr .... 136 acres .... on Bennetts Creek .... as 
by patent of 26 June 1755 .... also at a Court held the 19th day 
of Aug. 1755 Elizabeth wife of the said Jonathan Saunders .... 
acknowledged (Deed Book 8 f. 3 & 4, Pr. Anne Co.). Capt. Jonathan 
Saunders was a Vestryman, Lynnhaven Parish, Princess Anne Co., 
Oct. 26, 1761 (Va. Mag., Vol. V, p. 436). The inscription on his 
tombstone at "Pembroke" Farm, Lynnhaven River, Thalia Post Office 
and Station, Norfolk-Southern Ry., Princess Anne County, Va., is : 
" . . . . Sacred to the memory of Capt. Jonathan Saunders who was 
a person of great piety and a most humane disposition (worn) adored 









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GENEALOGY 95 

all his (worn) was a kind husband a (worn) father and sincere friend 
he died universally lamented on 21 Jan. 1765 in the 39 year of his age", 
(Copied by Charles F. Mcintosh 22 Oct. 1916). Captain Jonathan 
Saunders Estate in Acc« with Elizabeth Saunders Admx. 16 Dec. 1766, 
(Deed Book 10, p. 26, Pr. Anne Co.). Elizabeth Saunders Admx. 
of Jonathan Saunders deed. agt. Caleb Herbert, Court 18 Dec. 1766, 
(Norfolk County Order Book 1766-1768 f. 64). 

Jacob Ellegood Administrator of Elizabeth Saunders deed. Court 
17 Aug. 1769 (Norfolk County Order Book 1768-1771 f. 129). Miss 
Margaret Saunders Orphan of Jonathan Saunders in Ace with Jacob 
Ellegood Gda Sandford Saunders In Ace with Jacob Elle- 
good Gowdian 1770 (Guardian Book i, p. 109, Pr. Anne Co.) ; Miss 
Peggy Saunders Orphan of Jno. Saunders in Acc with Jacob Ellegood 
. . . . Sandford Saunders Orphan of Jno. Saunders in Acc with 

Jacob Ellegood 1773 (Guardian Book i, p. , Pr. Anne Co.). I 

find no further mention of Sandford Saunders in the records and pre- 
sume he died an infant unmarried. I have been unable to ascertain 
the maiden name of Elizabeth Saunders. I am under the impression 
she was a Thorowgood but cannot prove it. The following clues 
present themselves: The "Pembroke" Farm adjoined the Thorowgood 
plantations. Pembroke was the first name of Thorowgood woman. 
John Thorowgood mentions in his will a daughter Mary Sandford 
Thorowgood and appoints Jonathan Saunders Executor. On Jonathan 
Saunders death his widow qualified C. T. A. on John Thorowgood's 
Estate. Jonathan and Elizabeth Saunders had a son Sandford Saunders. 
A John Sandford was a Justice on the first court held in Princess 
Anne County in 1691 (Pr. Anne Co. Records). 

JOHN SAUNDERS (4) : "An Inquisition Indented and taken at 
the Court House 26 Sept. 1779 .... fourth year of the Common- 
wealth .... before me Thomas Reynolds Walker Escheator .... 
Jurors, to-wit : Charles Sayer, Thomas Ewell, Jacob Hunter, John 
Matthias, William Thorowgood senr., Christopher Whitehurst, George 
Jamieson Junr., Henry Collins, William Hayes, James Moore Junr., 
Henry Hayes and William Keeling .... sworn to inquire whether 
John Saunders late of the said County is a British Subject, say .... 
that the same John Saunders is a British Subject .... joining the 
Subjects of his Britannick Majesty of his own free will .... real 
property .... 800 acres .... Marsh 400 acres .... negroes 
taken by the Troopers of the Commonwealth Stationed at Kempc's 
Landing (Deed Book 16 f. 48, Pr. Anne Co.). The will of Jacob 
Ellegood : " . . . . son Jacob .... my son in law William Atche- 
son and Rcbe'' his wife . . . . daughter Anne &. Margaret Ellegood 
.... wife ann .... daughter Elizabeth .... daughter Sarah 
.... dated 22 March 1753, proved 17 Apr. 1753 .... of Princess 
Anne County .... (Deed Book 7 f. 447, Pr. Anne Co.). The will 



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96 VlKGINIx\ HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

of Jacob Ellegood of the County of York in the province of New 
Brunswick Esquire .... my brother in law John Saunders of said 
province Esquire .... my two sons Jacob Ellegood and John 
Saunders Ellegood both of said province Gentlemen .... son Wil- 
liam Ellegood .... grand daughter Rebecca Aithison Ellegood 
.... wife Mary Ellegood .... son Samuel Inglis Ellegood .... 
to my brother in Law and sister the honorable Judge Saunders and 
his wife and to Captain John McKay and to my Sister in Law Mrs. 
Margarette McKay .... dated 7 Sept. 1801 .... Provedi 18 
Jan. 1802 (Certified Copy Recorded in Will Book i, p. 189, Pr. Anne 
Co.). Captain (Judge) John Saunders was born in Princess Anne 
County I June 1753, married Ariana Margaretta Jekyll Chalmers 
daughter of Col. James Chalmers of Maryland and Ariana Margaretta 
Jekyll daughter of John Jekyll the younger. He was a Captain in the 
Queun^ Rangers and wounded at the Battle of the Brandywine. His 
only son was John Simcoe Saunders an eminent lawer in New Bruns- 
wick (Va. Mag., Vo. XXX, No. 4, Oct., 1922 — Ex. inform E. Alfred 
Jones) . 

The old Saunders house on the "Pembroke" plantation is situated 
about three miles from Kempsville, about a mile north of the Virginia 
Beach Boulevard, which crosses a road leading from Thalia Station, 
Norfolk-Southern Ry., to the old brick house. It is about three quarters 
of a mile west of the West Branch of Lynnhaven River. The grave 
yard is in a cultivated field about one hundred and fifty yards to the 
east of the house. On a brick in the north wall of the house is 1764. 
The Farm is at present owned by the Lynnbrook Corporation and 
Mr. C. C. Hudgins tenant lives in the old house (1923 December). 

Author's Note i : So far as I know the Saunders family of Princess 
Anne is no relation to John Saunders who left a will recorded in Nor- 
folk County, Va., in 1751, nor to Major John Saunders, U. S. Army 
buried at the Norfolk Naval Hospital (Fort Nelson). 

Author's Note 2 : I am told the Ellegood House is the brick dormer 
window house about two hundred yards to the south of the Virginia 
Beach Boulevard and about a mile from Rosemont Station, Norfolk- 
Southern Railroad. The Ellegood house was called Rose Hall and 
the plantation was fifteen hundred acres (Deed of Jacob Ellegood, 
etc., to William Ellegood, Book 26, p. 286, dated 15 June 1803, Pr. 
Anne Co.). (Ex-inform: Mrs. J. C. Emmerson of Portsmouth, Va.) 

C. F. McL 

12-28-23. 



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GENEALOGY 



97 



HARRISON OF JAMES RIVER. 
(Continued) 

9. Benjamin* Harrison {Benjamin^), of "Berkeley", was born 
-, and died in 1745. He was educated at William and Mary 



College and at an early age entered public life. He represented Charles 
City county in the House of Burgesses at the sessions of August 1736, 
November 1738, May 1740, August 1740, May 1742, and September 
1744. He married Anne, daughter of Robert Carter, of "Corotoman", 
President of the Council. Col. Carter in his will left to his daughter, 
Anne Harrison, £540 sterling (havir-j no doubt made a previous gift 
when she was married) and to her daughters Betty and Anne Harrison, 
£500 sterling each. Benjamin Harrison met a tragic death. The Mary- 
land Ga::cHc for August 16, 1745, prints a letter from Williamsburg, 
dated July i8th "Last Friday evening [July 12] a most terrible 
accident happened in Charles City county ; when a violent Thunder 
Gust arose, and the lightning struck the House of Col. Benjamin 
Harrison of Berkeley, which killed him and his two youngest daughters". 
These daughters were Lucy and Hannah. It would appear from the 
probate of the will that Mrs. Harrison had died between its making 
and proving. 

One of the record books of Albemarle county was evidently at one 
time an account book of the executors of Benjamin Harrison, of 
"Berkeley", who died in 1745. It appears that after a few pages were 
used the large folio volume must have been sold to Albemarle court. 
At one end are the following entries : 

Sept. 20, 1745. To the Estate of Col. Benjamin Harrison, Dr. 
To cash p'd Richard Weir for mourning 
To Cash p'd for coffins 
To cash p'd for Taylor's work 
To Do. p'd John Gardner, overseer 
Cash p'd to Secretary's Office for a Testament 

[That is for probate of will] 
Do. p'd Nimmo a lawyer, for advice 
Do. given Carter Harrison for pocket money 
Do. p'd George Hierd, Baker, 
Cash p'd Spalding, the Taylor, for work done in Col. 

Harrison's life, 
Do. p'd Fr. Barham 

Cash p'd David Clark for Rum bought in Colo. Harri- 
son's life. 
Cash p'd Betty Harrison 
Do. p'd Charles Stagg for 2 Months and 4 Days Wages 

on the Schooner, 
Do. p'd Thomas Brokett, overseer, 
P'd Wm .Roister for Shingling the House 
Cash p'd Ben. Harrison, Overseer, 
To my expenses taking Inventory 
P'd Betty Smith for Shoe Thread 
Cash given Ben. Harrison for Pocket money, 
Cash p'd for funeral expenses, 

P'r. Contra. Cr. 

July 22d, 1745. 
By Cash found in the House at Colo. Harrison's Death 140 
By Cash rec'd for Bread, 



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98 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Here the account ends abruptly. It is evident from the reference 
to the baker and the money received for bread, that Col. Harrison, 
like Charles Carter, of "Cleve", and a few other enterprising planters, 
had stablished a bakery , where bread, or rather biscuits, for ships' 
supplies were made. 

The will of Benjamin Harrison is as follows : 

In the name of God Amen : I Benjamin Harrison of Berkly in the 
County of Charles City and Parrish of Westover, Gent., being of 
perfect sense and memory, ordain this my last will and Testament. 
Imprimis I Give and bequeath my Soul to Almighty God who first 
gave it its being, in sure and certain hope of a Joyfull resurrection 
thro' the death and Passion of my blessed Savior Jesus Christ, my 
body to the Earth from which it was first taken, to be decently buried 
on Berkley Plantation near my little dear son Henry's grave, at the 
Discression of my executor hereafter mentioned, and as to all my 
worldly goods with which it hath pleased the Almighty to bless me 
my just Debts and Funeral charges being first paid, I Give and dis- 
pose of in the following manner : 

I give and bequeath unto my well beloved wife one equal third 
part of the neet proceeds or profits of my whole Estate during her 
Natural life, and forasmuch as my wife hath at all times behaved in 
a most dutiful and affectionate manner to me and all — allways been 
assisting through my whole affairs, I therefore think proper to Give 
my dear wife as a small requital over and above the Thirds of my 
Estate as aforesaid, the use and occupation of the Plantation whereon 
I now live, commonly called Berkley, with all the Slaves, Property 
belonging to the Crop of the said Plantation, with all my household 
furniture of what kind soever and house Servants, except my Cook 
wench Patty and her children and the boy levy son of Sarah, which 
Slaves I would have to go to my son Benjamin on his being of age; 
I also give to my wife the use of all my plate and kitchen Furniture 
as also the use of my flocks of Cattle, Hogs, Horses and Sheep upon 
the said Plantation, all which said gifts I give to the use of my said 
Dear Wife so long as she shall remain a widow or shall abide on or 
inhabit the said Plantation, with full power to Cut down and make use 
of any Timber or Wood either for building or repairing, making fencing 
or firing, or any other use whatsoever for the said Plantation of or 
from any Part of my Estate in Charles City County Dureing the time 
aforesaid, she allowing yearly out of her own Estate Nine thousand 
Pounds of good Crop Tob" in nine cask to be thrown into two thirds 
of my estate which is hereafter Ordered to be divided amongst my 
children untill my son Benjamin shall come to age but no longer, and 
after her decease or nonresidence as aforesaid the Premisses to go and 
descend to my well beloved son Benjamin Harrison and to the Heir of 
his Body Lawfully begotten forever. I also give to my wife my Coach, 



0'. 



GENEALOGY 99 

chariot, chair, Six horses and all Furniture thereto belonging as also 
ail my Saddle horses, mares and Colts on the said Plantation, together 
with her Gold Watch and all Jewels now in her possession. 

Item. I give and bequeath unto my son Benjamin Harrison all that 
Tract of Land commonly called Berkley and Kimadges and also that 
whereon my mother formerly lived as also the Gleeb Land bought of 
the Parish of Westover in the County of Charles City, to him and his 
heirs of his Body lawfully begotten forever. I also give to my said 
son Benjamin the land called Bieres with the Land Escheated of John 
Resbie and all my land on the south side Nottoway River belonging 
to the Chiticorah Tract and all the additional Surveys made adjacent 
thereto, and all my Lands at the Falls of James River bought of 
Davis and others with the slaves and stocks thereon to him and his 
heirs forever. 

Item. I give unto my son Carter Henry Harrison all my land at 
Willises Creek with all the slaves and stocks thereon, and all the 
Land called Scotland Neck and the slaves and stocks of all sorts there- 
on to go and descend accordingly to will of the Honi"* Robert Carter 
Dec'd. 

Item. I Give unto my son Henry all that estate of Land on the 
South Side Nottoway River by Peter's Bridge being Seven Planta- 
tions with all the Slaves and stock of all Sorts thereon, to him and 
his heirs Forever, and the mill thereon. I also give him the Tract 
of Land lying on Nottoway on the North Side the River at Peter's 
Bridge to him and his heirs forever. 

Item. I give unto my son Robert Harrison all my several Tracts of 
Land lying at the Falls of the Appomattox River bought of Abraham 
Cocke, Christopher Herntory, Thomas Williams, James Munford and 
Richard Smith and the lots bought of Abraham Jones and that in the 
Town of Petersburg and the Slaves and Stocks of all Sorts thereon, 
and also the remaining Part of Chitecorah Tract lying on the North 
Side of Nottoway River with the Slaves and Stocks of all Sorts that 
shall be found thereon, to him and his heirs forever. 

Item. I Give unto my son Nathaniel my land at Amelia Court 
House and all the Slaves and Stocks thereon. I also give unto my 
said son my land at Great Creek, and Meherrin (Vizt) the Tract 
whereon Benjamin Harrison is overseer, tliat where Clayton is over- 
seer, with all the Slaves and Stocks thereon to him and his heirs 
forever. 

Item. I Give unto my son Charles all my Land Secarnis with all the 
Slaves and Stocks thereon and the Land called the Allen Tract. I 
also Give to my said Son all the Lands that will fall to me by the 
death of Mr. Willis (to-wit) Cabbin Point Mill and that at Hunt- 
ington, with all the Keepers thereof, to him and his heirs forever, and 
my desire is that there may be Five Slaves bought (Vizt) three women 



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lOO VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

and two men as soon as Conveniently can be to Full Slave the three 
Plantations on Secarnis. And my desire in that so many Slaves as 
shall be occupied on the Pond Quarter and Black Water, at the death 
of Mrs. Willis shall be and belong unto my said son and his heirs 
forever. 

Item. My will and desire is that the mulatto man John shall be 
for the sole use of my wife so long as she shall be a widow, and that 
the rest of my Sawyer's Carpenters and Coopers shall be used for 
the use of my Estate in general until my son Benjamin comes of age, 
and then to go to him and his heirs forever. 

Item. I give unto my son Robert my Tract of Land on Brunswick 
Creek, lying at the mouth of Great Creek, containing seventeen hundred 
acres, be it more or less, to him and his heirs forever. I also give 
unto my said son Robert my mill on Harry's Swamp with the Land 
thereto belonging, being three hundred and Fifty Acres more or less, 
to him and his heirs forever. 

Item. I give unto my son Benjamin all the Negroes and Stocks 
of all Sorts upon the Six Plantations that now are Settled on my 
Berkley and Kimadges Tracts, to him and his heirs forever ; and whereas 
I have given my Manor House and Plantation to my wife on terms 
as above to ascertain the bounds, my meaning is that from the upper 
bounds of the Glebe shall be the Eastward Limits, and from thence 
as the Shirley road runs to the Ford on Kimadges Creek, containing 
all the Land between the Glebe Road and the River, and if by Ex- 
perience that should be found too little I add to it that Land on 
tothcr side the Road called Woodfords. 

Item. My will and Desire is that the Land I bought of William 
Glover whereon my Surry Store stands be sold, and the Slaves thence 
be Immediately removed to that part of the Chetecorah Tract given 
my son Robert for him and his heirs forever, and the money arising 
By the Sale of the Land to be laid out for Negroes for the same 
uses, To wit, for the better Settling the same Part of the Chetecorah 
Tract. 

Item. Forasmuch as there are a great number of Slaves which, after 
the death of Mrs. Elizabeth Willis relict of Henry Harrison, Esq--, 
Dec'd. and by the last Will of the said Henry Harrison, are to revert 
to me and my heirs, my Will and desire therefore is, that when the 
estate in Negroes shall revert by the death of the Said Willis now in 
possession, that then the said Negroes shall be divided into six as 
equal Parts as possible, Without Parting men and their wives, by 
three able and discreet persons to be appointed by the General Court, 
which division being made my will and desire is that three already 
Given to my son Charles go in Proportion to his Part, that my son 
Benjamin have the first choice, and the Rest of my six sons to choose 
according to Seniority, which Negroes I Give to them and their heirs 
lOrevcr. 



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GENEALOGY lOI 

Item. I Give unto my son Carter Henry and Henry, to be equally 
divided between them, all the house hold Plate that belonged to Henry 
Harrison, Esq., dec'd., now in possession of Mrs. Elizabeth Willis his 
reloct, and after her death to revert to me, as will appear by an in- 
strument of writing between the said Willis and myself recorded in 
Surry Court. 

Item. I Give and bequeath unto my daughter Betty Harrison one 
thousand pounds sterling including my mother's legacy of two hundred 
pounds that is to say five hundred pounds to be paid by my Executors 
within Twelve months after she shall arrive at the age of twenty- 
one years, or be married, and the other Five Hundred Pounds within 
three years after, and also I give to my Daughter Betty these several 
Slaves following and their increase to-wit : Leddy, Chariot and Cate, 
the Daughter of Aggy, to her and her heirs forever. 

Item. I Give and bequeath to my Daughter Anne the sum of one 
thousand pounds Sterling, Five hundred to be paid by my Executors 
within Twelve months after she shall arrive to the Age of Twenty- 
one or be married, and the other Five hundred pounds within three 
years after that. I also give to my Daughter Anne a negro girl named 
Dorcas to her and her heirs forever. The Thousand pounds is to be 
with my mother's Legacy hundred Pounds inclusive. 

Item. I Give to my Daughter Lucy Eight hundred Pounds Sterling 
including my Mother's Legacy, to be paid her in four years after she 
arrives to the Age of twenty-one or is married. I also give to my 
Said Dauglner Lucy three Slaves and their increase to-wit : Aaron, 
Hannah the Daughter of Tamer, and Martha the Daughter of Bess, 
to her and her heirs forever. 

Item. I Give to my Daughter Hannah Five hundred pounds Ster- 
ling including my Mother's Legacy, to be paid her within three years 
after she arrives to the Age of twenty-one or married. Also a negro 
girl Suckey, the Daughter of Bess and her increase, to her and her 
heirs forever. 

Item. My will and desire is that my whole Estate shall be kept 
cnti.'e until my Debts are paid and the two Eldest Daughter's Fortunes 
are raised, and until my son Benjamin comes of Age. and then what- 
ever Legacy, remain unraised the Estate of Each of my sons shall 

be taxed in Proportion to their Anr.ual for the Paj-ment 

thereof. 

Item. That the Guardianship and disposal of my children shall be 
entirely in the Power of my wife, and that they be maintained and 

educated at her discression of my estate ; of whose prudence 

I have had sufficient Proof dureing her Life, that if my Daughters 
dureing their minority Do marry without first having had the Con- 
sent and approval of my said wife, then they or every one of them 
so marrying shall forfeit all Claims or Pretensions whatsoever to all 



l:y 



102 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

and every part of the Legacies given them, by this my will, and I doe 
heartily and Earnestly recommend to my said Children that they be- 
have with Duty and obedience to their mother, and that they live in 
Love and Friendship with one another, and Lastly I doe hereby ap- 
point my Dear Wife Ann Harrison, and all my sons as they shall 
come of Age, Executors of this my Last Will and Testament, and 
I further order that there be no appraisement of my Estate nor Se- 
curity given but her own. In witness whereof I have here set my 
hand and Seal this 17th day of October 1743, and I utterly revoke all 
other Wills by me heretofore made. This my last containing two sheets 
of Paper. 

Benjamin Harrison [Seal.] 

Signed Sealed Etc. in the Pressence of Robert West, Joseph Royal, 
John Stith. 

Charles City County ss — August Court 1745. 

The Afore written Last will and Testament of Col" Benjamin 
Harrison Dec'd was Presented in Court by William Randolph Gent, 
and Wife and Miss Betty Harrison, who made oath there and being 
proved by the oath of Joseph Royall one of the witnesses thereto is 
admitted to Record, and the said Joseph Royall also on his oath 
declared he saw John Stith and Robert West the other two witnesses 
sign the said Will as witnesses and on the motion of the said William 
Randolph and Betty Harrison, and performing what is usual on such 
Cases Certificate is granted them for obtaining Letters of Administra- 
tion with the said Will anncxt in due forme Durante Minori estate of 
Benjamin Harrison son and heirs of the Dec'd. 
Test— 

Lewellin Eppes, Clk. Curia 
Copy Test — 

Lewellin Eppes, Clk. Curia 

Benjamin* and Anne (Carter) Harrison had issue: 

18. Henry ,died in childhood. 

19. Benjamin'^. 

20. Carter Hcnry^. 

21. Nathaniel^. 

22. Henry". 

23. Robert^ 

24. Lucy, killed by lightning. 

25. Hannah, killed by lightning. 

26. Anne, married William Randolph of "Wilton", Henrico county. 

27. Elizabeth, (commonly called Betty) married Peyton Randolph, 
of Williamsburg. He was educated at William and Mary and 
then went to England, where he was admitted to the Middle 
Temple, Oct. 13, 1739, and called to the Bar, Feb. 10, 1743. 
In 1748 he became Attorney General of Vriginia and con- 
tinued as such until 1754 when he was suspended by Governor 



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Pkytox K.wiioi.i'ii 

PkHSIDKXT of TlIK C'oXTlXKXTAI. (.'l)X(.Ki;Si 



GENEALOGY IO3 

Dinwiddie for going to England at the request of the Bur- 
gesses to support their petition against the pistole fee which 
Dinwiddie exacted for granting land patents. On Randolph's 
return from England, however, he was re-appointed and re- 
tained the office until he resigned in 1766. He represented 
Williamsburg in the House of Burgesses 1749, the College of 
William and Mary 1752-1758, Williamsburg 1758-1775, and 
the same place in the Conventions of March and July 1775, of 
each of which he was President. He was speaker of the House 
of Burgesses 1766-1775. In 1773 he had been appointed Chair- 
man of the Committee of Correspondence and in March 1774 
President of the first Virginia Convention. In March 1774 he 
was chosen one of the delegates to Congress and by that body 
elected its President and held that office until his death on 
Sept. 22, 1775. He was buried in the vault of the Chapel of 
William and Mary College and a mural monument erected 
which was destroyed when the College was burnt. 

The epitaph published in the Virginia Gazette, Nov. il, 1775, 
was probably that intended for the tablet. 

Sacred 

To the memory of 

The Hon. Peyton Randolph, Esq'r, 

Those distinguished virtues in every station of life 

Gained him 

The affection and confidence of his Country. 

Descended from an ancient and respectable family, 

He received a liberal and polite education 

In William and Mary College. 

Removing thence to the Inner Temple, 

He was advanced to the Degree of Barrister at Law, 

And appointed Attorney General of Virginia. 

In this Office 

His regard to the peace and security of Society, 

His humanity and benevolence 

To the criminal his duty obliged him to prosecute, 

Were not more conspicuous 

Than his Learning and Integrity in his Profession. 

After an extensive practice in the General Court, 

He resigned his Law employments ; 

And being elected Speaker of the House of Burgesses, 

Discharged the duties of that high office 

With such Ease, Dignity and Impartiality, 

That he was frequently called to the Chair, by the 

Unanimous voice 

Of the Representatives of the People. 

When the measures of the British Ministry 

Compelled the American Congress to unite their Councils 

In General Congress, 



I04 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

He was chosen first Delegate for this Colony 

To that illustrious Assembly; 

And was by them unanimously elected their President. 

While he was a third time attending to that Great Council, 

A sudden stroke of the Palsy deprived 

America of a firm Patriot, 

His Country of a wise and faithful Senator, 

His acquaintances of an invaluable Friend, 

His family of the most affectionate Husband 

And kindest Master. 

Upon the 22nd Day of October, 1775, 

In the S4th Year of his Age. 

(To be continued) 




Ku/..\r-KTu H.\i;ki.s(i\, Wut. oi- Pkvtox I^wdommi. 



Courtesy of Mrs. Kilward C. Mayo 



Photograph by Frick Art 
Reference Library 



,■ -, /./I 






BOOK REVIEWS IO5 



BOOK REVIEWS 



Jefferson Davis, President of the South. By H. J. Eckenrode. 
New York. The Alacmillan Company, 1923, pp. 371. 

This study in politico-military history is fashioned after the style of 
a plot. There is a dramatic introduction, assembling of the elements 
of conflict, catastrophe, lesson. 

After depicting the opening scene of the drama at Montgomery on 
February 9, 1861, the author digresses to a discussion of the elemental 
impulses, the racial divergencies, the mutually destructive ideals that 
led up to the inevitable clash. Anthropology is set in the forefront. 
The reader is introduced to a novel sort of Nordic — the "sun-baked" 
romanticist planter, incited by training and environment to throw down 
the gauntlet of defiance to the materialistic and practical, the modernist 
and industrialized Nordic of the North with his infusion of non-Nordic 
strains. The Scottian influence in fostering throughout the South an 
atmosphere of unreality and of mediaevalism — a theme previously de- 
scanted on by Mark Twain — is brought into the picture. The par- 
liamentary battle, the nexus of political intrigue leading to the triumph 
of industrialism is dwelt upon in satisfying detail. 

The story of Jefferson Davis' career is a striking performance in 
which persoiially intimate episodes alternate with vivid descriptions of 
the events in which he played so mighty a part. The author has set 
himself the task of showing by what a strange sequence of circum- 
stances a man of scholarly tendencies, a recluse by nature, handicapped 
by physical weakness was forced into the forefront of a stupendous 
adventure. Dr. Eckenrode makes of his subject a credible individual, 
though it is sometimes difficult to make all his estimates fit into one 
consistent whole. 

The following paragraphs, the second of which closes the book, may 
give an idea of the author's analysis of his protagonist : 

"What was the balance of his virtues and defects? He had a 
great positive virtue : dignity, honor, courage, industry. He was single- 
minded in his devotion to his cause. He had a sound military edu- 
cation and a considerable talent for war. He was ordinarily a good 
judge of men, though liable to make bad mistakes at times. He had 
too much rather than too little will : his determination overstayed the 
consent of fate. He was apt to stand rocklike on some wrong de- 
cision. He had administrative ability. He inspired respect, though 
not affection or even liking." 

"Success depended, in the last analysis, on Jefferson Davis. He 
failed. Not from lack of brains, for he had a good mind, and not 
from want of character, for he was a strong man. But from tem- 
perament. He did not have the faculty of success : the power to grapple 
men to him, absolute self-forgetfulness. So he failed and with him 
failed the last hope of the Nordic race." 

We almost feel as if Jefferson Davis were the puppet of the Greek 
tragedy destined by the gods to bring about, through his own sacrificial 
suffering, a consummation ordained in their own peculiar scheme of 
things. 



I06 VIRGIN" . HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

The author venture ' numerous criticisms of the conduct of affairs 
—the book is full ithy verdicts. Washington should have been 

seized in the early di of the conflict; the Confederate Cabinet should 
have been reorganized id enlarged; the Confederate scheme of govern- 
ment should not have t n modeled slavishly on that of the United States; 
the whole cotton crop j hould have been purchased and used as security 
for a large foreign Igui; diplomats should have been chosen with a 
finer discrimination; Gfc>>eral Lee should have been made generalissimo; 
the Pennsylvania invasion should never have been undertaken and Vicks- 
burg should, a all costs, have been relieved; the Confederate Congress 
should have overthrown Davis. 

Some of these pronouncements will meet with general assent ; others 
will be hotly disputed. To settle strategy and questions of statecraft 
after the fact is an easy performance. Many elements that appeared 
determining to the man on the ground have, to those of another gene- 
ration, vanished from view. Dr. Eckenrode has sought to appraise 
the elements of the conflict with the cool eye of the scholarly observer 
rather than with he vital comprehension of the men who played a 
personal part. 

Despite a tendency, here and there, to redundency the art of the book 
is delightful; it has the charm of spontaneity; there is a wealth of 
allusion ; it abounds in spaf kie and humour, though the author's fond- 
ness for striking epithets not infrequently leads him perilously close 
to the verge of caricature ; it displays a graphic power that makes 
living and unforgettable many a minor character, even if slightly 
sketched. In short, it possesses the qualities of good literature and of 
readableness far above the general run of biographies. 

Now a readable book has resting upon it all the greater obligation 
to a merciless adherence to facts ; it should not vary a hair-breadth 
to the right or the left for the sake of effect. Dr. Eckenrode's equip- 
ment has doubtless enabled him to handle his theme with a competence 
denied to many historical writers and to fuse his political and military 
views W'ith striking effect. He has convinced himself that he has care- 
fully weighed the evidence drawn from original sources and has ma- 
turely arrived at conclusions. Many of these conclusions will be dis- 
puted; they will be especially provocative to those who yield an almost 
unreasoning allegiance to heroes about whom clings the magic, elusive 
atmosphere of great names and of a great lost cause. 

R. A. Stewart. 

Thomas Nelson Page. A Memoir of a Virginia Gentleman. By 
his Brother, Rosewell Page. New York. pp. 210, with portrait, etc. 
The term "gentleman" is happily applied by the author to, the sub- 
ject of his biography. It does not refer so much to the fact that Thomas 
Nelson Page came of stocks which for generations have served their 
country well, as to those higher and finer characteristics which induced 
the old poet, though he knew men must fall far below the ideal, to say 
that Christ was the first true gentleman. 

Of course to a man who is not this kind of a gentleman such a char- 
acter is as difficult to understand as it is to the blind to comprehend 
color. He simply would be incapable of appreciating such a biography 
as this. Fortunately there are many who can read it with a finer sense 
and sympathetic feeling and all of these will prize and enjoy the loving 
story of one brother's life told by another. There have been other read- 
ers of this book, equally blind, who find nothing in it but an effort to 
show that the Pages and Nelsons were the foremost people in Virginia. 






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BOOK REVIEWS I07 

Nothing could be more false. Simplicity and of affectation were 

striking traits of the class to which Thomas Nel Page belonged. No 
people in the world were freer from snobbishne: The author of this 
biography never had in mind or attempted any mparison with other 
people. He describes lovingly and truly the little ircle of relatives and 
friends in which his brother lived. Rosewell Paj iS story of this time 
is in itself a valuable contribution to history, for t is not derived from 
musty documents or the casual observations of tr^. sellers; but from inti- 
mate knowledge. 

The same truth and straightforward candor are shown in the later 
portions of the book which treat of the literary life of the author of 
"Marse Chan" and "Red Rock" and of the official career of the am- 
bassador to Italy. These phases of Thomas Nelson Page's life may 
probably receive more critical study in the future ; but to those who were 
moved to tears by such stories as "Marse Chan," and who loved "Tom 
Page" as one who with a whole heart loved and served his country 
and his friends, and who was "a Virginia gentleman," no other account 
of his life will ever take the place of that which Rosewell Page has 
written with such ample knowledge and with so great a love. 

Historic Gardens of Virginia. Compiled 1 / the James River Garden 
Club. Edited by Edith Tunis Sale. Committee : Edith Tunis Sale, 
Laura C. Morton Wheelwright, Juanita Massie Patterson, Lila L. Wil- 
liams, Caroline Coleman Duke. Published by the William Byrd Press, 
Inc., Richmond, Va., [1923] pp. 335, with decorated title page, by 
Mrs. Williams, and 231 illustrations and plans of gardens, 13 of the 
illustrations in color. 

For a number of years past the James River Garden Club has done 
yeoman work in adding beauty to homes in and around Richmond ; but 
now it has gone far beyond any of its former efforts and has let the 
world share in its knowledge of quaint, beautiful and interesting gardens 
and houses in Virginia. It has produced one of the most beautiful 
books about Virginia which has ever been issued, and made a permanent 
and valuable addition to our historic literature. 

The editors frankly state that the text is done by amateurs; but this 
is not a delect. Intimate knowledge of the subjects treated of rather 
than literary style is what is most needed in a book of this sort. 

In spite of such allowances, it is rather a pity, however, that some 
of the sketches were not written with a little more restraint and a 
closer adherance to proved facts of history. Claremont is not the only 
instance, but it comes early in the book and attracts attention in this 
way. When the great land holding class was a real power in Virginia, 
it was characterized by extreme simplicity. The Aliens and Eppes' did 
not call their homes "manors," for any lawyer could now give the in- 
formation that when a man in will or deed, spoke of his "manor planta- 
tion," he simply meant the place where he lived. There were no manors 
in Virginia and so far as a quite extensive acquaintance with Virginia 
records shows, the name of no house or plantation had the word "manor" 
attached to it in earlier days, except certain tracts of land set apart by 
Lord Fairfax to be held by members of his family. "Manor" in the 
name "Leeds Manor," etc., evidently meant merely the "manor plantation" 
of ordinary wills and deeds. 

The "romantic" legend that Arthur Allen (who so far as the records 
show, was an Englishman), was a runaway prince of the House of 
Guelph, is of th esame "romantic" cast as the legend of the dancing 



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I08 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

match between the Devil and Mr. Lightfoot, as to whether Sandy Point 
should be a swamp or dry land. 

The story that all the Presidents down to i860 visited Claremont 
is duplicated in regard to "Berkeley." It is not very probable in either 
case ; but could be easily proved or disproved by proper research. We 
know that one President was born at "Berkeley" and that his descendant 
visited the place and is said, by jocular citizens of Charles City, to have 
killed a plain domestic hog while shooting near by. President Polk cer- 
tainly was at Brandon, and when notice of his desire to pay the visit 
came to Mrs. Harrison, soon after one of the famous May parties had 
temporarily almost exhausted the resources of the house, it caused some 
consternation. She called her old cook into council, who assured her 
all would be well. "But," said the lady of the house, "you must re- 
member that this is the President of the United States," "And you. 
Madam," he replied, "must remember how blest we are in our cook." 
And Brandon never showed greater or more gracious hospitality than 
President Polk received. 

One more word as to the account of Claremont. We feel assured 
that Afr. Whitty, who knows Pue's career almost day by day, will con- 
firm the belief that Poe was never at Claremont. 

Even such harmless errors as these do not detract from the value of 
the account of this most interesting house, once the mansion of a planta- 
tion which looked on the map like a German principality. 

Historic Gardens of Virginia is a book which all who are interested 
in beautiful gardens, and in the history of houses full of personal and 
historic note should obtain at once. It will be a possession of pride and 
pleasure in any library. 

Richmond, Its People and Its Story. By Mary Newton Stanard. 
Author of "Colonial Virginia, Its People and Customs," etc. Phila- 
delphia and London. J. B. Lippincott Company, 1923. pp. 238, with 
83 illustrations. 

Richmond's seven hills are striking features of its topography. Within 
the area embracing them an unusually large number of men towering 
as peaks in American history have been familiar figures. Both hills 
and notables have been of moment in creation of the background and in 
evolution of the atmosphere distinctive of Virginia's metropolis. They 
have not, though, been the only influences of importance. That fact 
emerges frequently in the latest published work of Mary Newton Stan- 
ard. It grips the imagination the more firmly because of the charming 
setting in which she presents with contagious enthusiasm the results of 
her deep and wisely discriminating research among rich stores of in- 
formation, a setting in which men who laid the foundation of our country 
and built largely upon them appear, not as outstanding impersonal char- 
acters upon the stage of statesmanship and affairs, not as dwellers upon 
some remote Olympus, but as real human beings, part and parcel of the 
community and sharing its everyday life. 

In the fewer than two hundred and fifty pages of the volume no at- 
tempt has been made to record three centuries of events centering in 
Richmond. But noteworthy, determining happenings are depicted as vig- 



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BOOK REVIEWS lOQ 

nettes lacking nothing of historical perspective but colored by the im- 
pression that the actors in them are "just folks." The account of the 
planting of a cross at the Falls of the James, on Whitsunday, 1607, 
within a few weeks after the founding of Jamestown of the first perm 
anent English settlement in America has its piquant details in the inter- 
change of hospitalities t>etween the Indians and Captain Christopher 
Newport, Captain John Smith. Gabriel Archer, George Percy and their 
companions. Nathaniel Bacon, Jr., rallying his forces at the Falls, in 
1676, presaged Patrick Henry a century later. In the description of 
the social relaxations in private homes and taverns of members of the 
Convention of 1775, one is almost prone to forget that among the men 
stirred by "Liberty or Death" were Andrew Lewis, whose victory at 
Point Pleasant in the previous year had made impossible a death blow 
to the cause of the Revolution in a combination of servile insurrection 
and Indian atrocities in Virginia, Thomas Jefiferson, author of the 
Declaration of Independence and future President and George Wash- 
ington, commander of the American forces and first President. Then, 
too, there is something very human in the presence of Gouveneur Morris, 
of New York, and Robert Morris, of Philadelphia, urging another Con- 
vention, in 1788, to ratify the Constitution. Three of the members of 
that Convention were James Madison, protagonist of the Constitution and 
future President, James Monroe, another future President, and John 
Marshall, later as Chief Justice, to be a powerful expounder of the Con- 
stitution. Madison and Marshall lived to escort to the chair James 
Monroe as President of the Convention of 1829-30. 

There are other pictures, Colonel William Byrd II and Major Wil- 
liam Mayo plotting the town-site in 1737, Baron Steuben, Lafayette, 
Benedict Arnold, Anthony Wayne, Cornwallis and Tarleton in skirm- 
ishes and alarms in and around the place ; Thomas JefYerson setting a 
mark for classic architecture in Virginia and neighboring Slates in his 
adaptation to the plan of the new Capitol the lines of the Maison 
Carree ; John Marshall, a resident of the "court end" of the town, do- 
ing his own marketing or pitching quoits at Buchanan's Spring; the "Two 
Parsons," Rev. John Buchanan and Rev. John D. Blair, alternating in 
services at St. John's Church and in the hall of the Capitol and con- 
tributing in divers and rival ways to the joys of their fellow townsmen; 
William Wirt at the trial of Aaron Burr; Lafayette, in 1824, for the 
second time a guest, attending the races at the Tree Hill course one 
day and on another day occupying John Marshall's pew at Monumental 
Church, civic memorial of the Theatre fire of 1811 ; Spanish pirates car- 
ried through the streets on their way to execution ; the apprehension 
on account of the Nat Turner massacre in 1831, a generation after 
Gabriel's "Insurrection" ; the keen interest in the "Tippecanoe and Tyler 
too" campaign; the excitement over the John Brown raid at Harper's 
Ferry, and the strain of the four years' epic of the capital of the Southern 



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no VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Confederacy. Glimpses are had of Jefferson Davis, General Lee and 
General Stuart, of Captain Sally Tompkins, of the populace swarming 
to housetops or to brows of hills to view distant manifestations of one 
of the seven days' battles around Richmond, of the turmoil on the day 
following evacuation on April 2, 1865, and the reactions of whites and 
blacks to the brief visit of Abraham Lincoln. 

From other angles are seen Edgar Allan Poe, the dreamer, as editor 
of the Southern Literary Messenger, of John R. Thompson and George 
W. Bagby, successors in the editorship, of Washington Irving, Charles 
Dickens, W. M. Thackeray, Edwin Booth and Joseph Jefferson, both 
finding congenial air in Edward V. Valentine's studio, of Jenny Lind, 
Adelina Patti, the Prince of Wales, Moses Ezekiel, Thomas Nelson Page 
and others of national and world fame or of local repute. 

More than four score illustrations of persons, places and things based 
upon photographs, old prints, drawings and paintings, some of them re- 
produced and published for the first time, reinforce the underlying note 
of the work. 

Through the whole story surges the life of the men and the women 
and the youth of Richmond, in times of stress and sorrow and in times 
of prosperity and happiness, a story told as it can be told only by one 
who is of that life of today and an inheritor of the traditions, the be- 
liefs and the convictions that were pronounced in the people of old 
Richmond and account for the cherishing in the midst of modernity of 
many of the landmarks, psychical as well as material, of the fathers. 

Edward Ingle. 

Descendants of Mordecai Cooke, of Mordecai's Mount, Gloucester 
Co., Va., 1650, and Tho.mas Booth, of Ware Neck, Gloucester 
Co., Va., 1685. By Dr. and Mrs. William Carter Stubbs, New Or- 
leans, 1923, pp. 282, XXXV, with a portrait, two Coats of Arms and 
a full index. 

A number of years ago Dr. and Mrs. Stubbs prepared in a small 
pamphlet an incomplete account of the Cooke family. They have now 
published a corrected and much enlarged genealogy of that family and 
of the connected family of Booth. The arms of both are preserved on 
old tombs. There are various legends to account for the name Mordecai ; 
but probably the explanation is a very simple one — that the emigrant to 
Virginia came of a Puritan stock. 

From an ancestral point of view the Booth line is the most interesting. 
The tomb of Thomas Booth, the emigrant, bears his arms and states 
that he was born in Lancashire, and died Oct. 11, 1736, in his 74th year. 
At one time the Virginia Booths thought they were entitled to the 
estates of the extinct Lords Delemcre. Considerable research was 
done and the pedigree claimed made Thomas Booth the emigrant to be 
son of St. John Booth, who was a son of Sir John Booth, of Woodford, 
Cheshire, and a grandson of Sir George Booth, of Dunham Massie, 
Chesire. Kimber's Baronetage says that Thomas, son of St. John 
Booth, "died in America in 1700" ; but such statements by English gene- 
alogical writers have been, in numerous instances, proved to be false. 



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BOOK REVIEWS III 

When a younger son went to the colonies he was soon lost to sight and 
declaring him dead was an easy way to drop him from the pedigree, 
bt. John Booth was a Cheshire man; but may have lived for a time 
in the neighboring Lancashire. A search of various Lancashire Parish 
registers, about 1662, might positively establish the paternity of Thomas 
isooth of Virginia. 

Dr. and Airs. Stubbs' book is a monument of long and minute in- 
vestigation. In addition to the families named there is much about those 
of Anderson, Baylor, Baytop, Brown, Buckner, Carter, Cary Curtis 
Davis, Kllerson, Field, Fitzhugh, Fontaine, Fox, Gaines, Gwathmey' 
Haywood, Howard, Johnson, Jones, Kemp, Leigh, Lewis, Lipscomb' 
Mason, Maupin, Moore, Page, Payne, Pickett, Peyton, Pryor Roane 
Robins, Robinson, Roper, Roy, Saunders, Shackelford. Smith Stubbs' 
Tahaterro, Thornton, Todd, Tomkies, Tyler, VanZandt, Vaughan' 
Walker, Washington, Whiting, Wyatt and hundreds of others. 

Kith and Kin, written, at their urgent request for the children of Mr. 
and Mrs. John Russell Sampson, by their mother. It includes records 
of ancestors bearing the names Baker, Baldwin, Breckinridge, Brown 
Bryson, Byrd, Curd, Dudley, Goodman, Horsley, Kennedy, Le Bruen' 
McClanahan, McDowell, McKesson, Pooge, Reed, Rogers, Thornton' 
Trice, Sampson and Woods. Richmond, Va. The William Byrd 
Press, Inc., 1922, pp. 247. 

The title page of this book, which is evidently the result of much 
laborious investigation, gives such a full description of its contents 
that those interested in the particular families treated of will be in- 
formed at once as to its contents. It not only contains narrative his- 
tories of the families named; but in most cases has also carefully pre- 
pared charts. 

It little more identifying the particular families may be useful. 
The book treats of the Sampsons, of Goochland, etc.; Rogers, of 
King and Queen, etc., and the connected family of Clark; Goodman 
of Albemarle, Horsley, Trice, Dudley (Mass.), Baldwin, Conn, and 
\a. ; Woods, of Albemarle, Poage, of the Valley; McClanahan and 
Breckinridge, also of the Valley; Bryson, McDowell, Baker, another 
Valley family, Reed, Kennedy, and others. In many instances descend- 
ants through daughters are traced and there are numerous personal 
anecdotes and family stories which will be especially appreciated by 
those who are of the "Kith and Kin". 

As usual in genealogies the author has some statements, which have 
been disputed; but as these have been frequently argued, it is needless 
to discuss them here. The book should find a place in all collections 
of Virginia genealogy. 

A Serge.\nt's Diary in the World War. The Diary of an Enlisted 
Member of the 150th Field Artillery (Forty-second [Rainbow] Di- 
vision). October 27, 1917, to August 7, 1919. By Elmer Frank 
Straub. Indiana World War Records. Volume III. Published by 
the Indiana Historical Commission, Indianapolis, 1923, pp. 255. 
To civilians this is one of the most interesting books published in 
America in regard to the World War. It covers the whole period from 
enlistment to return home, including a stay, with apparently rather casual 
University attendance, at Glasgow as a student. It gives in a remarkable 
way an insight into the life and modes of thought of the average Ameri- 
can soldier. Sergeant Straub was evidently a very efficient and brave 
man; but there is in the diary hardly a word of appreciation for any 



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112 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

success in action or for the good conduct of any comrade. Only once 
is any regard expressed for an officer, and not infrequent criticism. He 
rarely mentions any happenings in our army outside of his battery 
and it is plain that the men of one small unit knew little that happened 
beyond it. Indeed, there is small evidence of acquaintance with most of 
the batteries of his regiment. Sergeant Straub went through the ex- 
hausting labors and the dangers of a campaign, with frequent grumbling ; 
but always doing his job. Dangers incurred in battle seem to have been 
of small account compared with poor food at mess. Of course each 
soldier in the army had his own individuality, and men from different 
sections of the country were unlike; but notwithstanding this. Sergeant 
Straub had much in common with other enlisted men. His diary is a 
book well worth reading by all who wish to get an inner view of life 
in the army. The American soldier of the World War was apparently 
of a type differing from his ancestor of the Civil War, whether Con- 
federate or Union. At least, this is the impression one gets when com- 
paring memories of the men of the earlier war with wliat one learns of 
those in the later. But after all, probably if we knew the soldiers of 
both wars intimately enough we would find them much more alike than 
the civilians of the present day, may think. 

Letters of Members of the Continent.'Vl Congress. Edited by Ed- 
mund C. Burnett. Volume H, July 5, 1776, to December 31, 1777. 
Washington, D. C. Published by The Carnegie Institution of Wash- 
ington, 1923. pp. 638. 

The Carnegie Institute continues the great service it is doing to Ameri- 
can history by the publication of the second volume of this series. About 
half of the matter included has never before been printed. The year 
and a half following the Declaration was a critical period and the letters 
and papers printed here give most valuable informaticju in regard to it. 
Dr. Burnett's introduction of some twenty pages is admirably done. 
When completed the Letters from Members of the Continental Congress 
will be one of the great source books of American history. 

Life and Times of Alvah Crocker. By William Bond Wheelwright. 

Privately Printed, Boston, Mass., MCMXXIII. pp. 114, with 26 

illustrations. 

An interesting biography, issued in handsome form, of one who as 
builder of the Fitchburg Railroad, the extension to the West through its 
Hoosie Tunnel, the establishment of a great paper manufactory and 
the founding of Turner's Falls — did much for Massachusetts. 



OFFICERS AND MEMBERS 

OF THE 

Virginia Historical Society 

JANUARY, 1924 



President, 
Edward V. Valentine, Richmond, Va. 

Tice-Preside7its, , 

Lyon G. Tyler, Holdcroft, Charles City Co., Va. 
Philip A. Bruce, University, Va. 

Corresponding Secretary and Ldbrarian, 

William G. Stanard, Richmond, Va. 

Recording Secretary, 

D. C. Richardson, Richmond, Va. 

Treasurer, 
Robert A. Lancaster, Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Executive Committee, 

Wm. H. Palmer, Richmond, Va. Daniel Gbinnan, Richmond, Va. 
C. V. Meredith, Richmond, Va. J. P. McGuire, Richmond, Va. 
J. Stewart Bryan, Richmond, Va. Wm. A. Anderson, Lexington, Va. 
A. C. Gordon, Staunton, Va. Fairfax Hakrisox, Fauquier Co.. Va. 

S. H. YoNGE, Norfolk, Va. S. S. P. Patteson, Richmond, Va. 

Morgan P. Robinson, Richmond, Va. 
J. Jordan Leake, Richmond, Va. 
and ex-offlcio, the President, Vice-Prcnidents, Secretaries 
and Treasurer. 



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LIST OF MEMBERS 



HONORARY MEMBER 
Keane, Prof. A. H., London, Eng. 



CORRESPONDING MEMBERS 
Bacon, H. F., Bury St. Edmund, Eng. Judah, George F., Spanish Town. 



Banks, Chas. E., M. D. 
Barber, E. A., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Bryant, H. W., Portland, Maine. 
Campeau, Hon., F. R. E., Ottawa, Can. 
Cliamplin, J. D., Jr., New Tork, N.Y. 
Craig, Isaac, Alleghany, Pa. 
Hinke, Prof. W. J., Auburn, N. Y. 



Jamaica. 

Nicholson, Col. J. P., Philadelphia, 

Pa. 
Richemond, Mons. Meschinet De, La 

Rochelle, France. 

Ross, Hon. D. A., Quebec, Can. 



LIFE MEMBERS 



Adams, Gilmer S., Louisville, Ky. 

Alexander, H. M., New York, N Y.. 

Ancell, Rev. B. L., Yangchow, China. 

Andrews, A. B., Raleigh, N. C. 

Bagnell, Mrs. Wm., St. Louis, Mo. 

Barratt, Judge Norris S., Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 

Billings, C. K. G., New York, N. Y. 

Blackwell, Henry, New York, N Y. 

Elalr, Mrs. Lewis H., Richmond, Va. 

Blankinship, Dr. J. W., Berkley, Cal. 

Bryan, J. Stewart, Richmond, Va. 

Bryan, Jonathan, Richmond, Va. 

Bryan, Robert C, Richmond, Va. 

Bryan, St. George, Richmond, Va. 

Bullitt, Dr. John C, Wayne, Pa. 

Bushnell, David I., Jr., Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

Cabell, J. Alston, Columbia, Va. 

Cabell, Col. H. C, U. S. A., Port- 
land, Oregon. 

Cameron, Miss Mary H., Richmond, 
Va. 

Carrington, Mrs. Tazewell M., Jr., 
Richmond, Va. 



Claiborne, Hamilton Cabell, Washing- 
ton. D. C. 
Claiborne, Herbert A., Richmond, Va. 
Clement, Col. H. C, U. S. A., Chat- 

iKim, Va. 
Cocke, Lucien H., Roanoke, Va. 
Cook, Heustis P., Richmond, Va. 
Cox, Mrs. Wm. Ruffin, Richmond, Va. 
Deals, H. E., Flemington, N. J. 
Downman, R. H., New Orleans, La. 
Dulaney, Benjamin L, Washington, 

D. C. 
Earnest, Joseph B., 
Fairfax, Th. Lord, London, Eng. 
Fishburn, J. B., Roanoke, Va. 
Fothergill, Mrs. Augusta, Richmond, 

Va. 
Gibbs, Mrs. Virginia B., Newport, 

R. I. 
Glasgow, Arthur Graham, London, 

England. 
Gratz, Simon, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Hanna, Charles A. Montclair, N. J. 
Harrison, Fairfax, Belvoir, Fauquier 

Co., Va. 



cy. ' 

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VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



Harrison, Richard Fairfax, Belvolr, 

Fauquier Co., Va. 
Hill, C. K., Harriman, Tenn. 
Hotchkiss, Elmore D, Jr., Richmond, 

Va. 
Hughes, R. M., Norfolk, Va. 
Huntington, Archer M., New York, 

N. Y. 
Hutzler, Henry S., Richmond, Va. 
Hyde, James Hazen, Paris, France 
James, Miss Ada, Chatham, Va. 
Jones, Judge Lewis H., Louisville, 

Ky. 
Keith, Charles P., Philadelphia. Pa. 
Kinsolving, "Walter O., Austin, Tex. 
Lee, W. H., St. Louis, Mo. 
Mason, Wm. Peyton, Los Angeles, CaL 
Mavn, Mrs. Edward C, Richmond, 

Va. 
Miller, Dr. J. L., Thomas, W. Va. 
Mitchell, Robert, Richmond, Va. 
Mooie, Miss May I., Richmond, Va. 
Moriarty. G. Andrews, Boston, Mass. 
Morse, Wlllard S., Seaford, Del. 
McCabe, Col. E. R. Warner, U. S. A. 
McCabe, W. Gordon. Jr., Charleston, 

S. C. 
McCormick, Cyrus Hall, Chicago, 

111. 

Nolting, Miss Elizabeth Aiken, Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Palmer, Col. William H., Richmond, 
Va. 

Pillsbury, Mrs. Charles S. Minnea- 
polis, Minn. 
Raborg, T. M. T., New York, N. Y. 
Reid, Prof. Legh W., Haverford, Pa. 

Richardson, Judge D. C, Richmond, 
Va. 



Robinson, Morgan P., Richmond, Va. 

Rosser, Thomas L., Jr., Charlotts- 
ville, Va. 

Rucker, Mrs. Booker Hall, Rolla, Mo. 

Scott, Frederick W., Richmond, Va. 

Scott, George Cole, Richmond, Va. 

Sharp. Willoughby, Jr., New York, 
N. Y. 

Stiles, Mrs. Barnett, Medina, Band- 
era Co., Texas. 

Stires, Rev. Ernest M., D. D., New 
York, N. Y. 

Stone, Edward L., Roanoke, Va. 

Stubbs, Wm. C, New Orleans, La. 

Swanson, Hon. Claude A., Chatham, 
Va. 

Sweet. Mrs. Edith M., St. Albans, 
W. Va. 

Tedcastle, Mrs. Arthur W., Milton, 
Mass. 

Traylor, Michael G., New York, N. Y. 

Waterman, W. H., New Bedford, 
Mass. 

Watson, Mrs. Alexander McKenzie, 
Louisville, Ky. 

Webb, W. Seward, New York, N. Y. 

Weddell, Hon. A. W., Calcutta, In- 
dia. 

Weddell, Mrs. A. W., Calcutta, In- 
dia. 

Wickham, Henry T., Richmond, Va. 

Williams, A. D., Richmond, Va. 

Williams, Mrs. Frank D., Richmond, 
Va. 

Williams, Thomas C, Richmond, Va. 

Willson, Mrs. Howard T., Virden, 
111. 

Winslow, H. M., Harriman, Tenn. 

Woodson, Lt. Col. R. S., U. S. A., 
Cliarleston, W. Va. 



ANNUAL MEMBERS* 



Abney, John R., New York, N. Y. 
Adams, R. H. T., Jr., Lynchburg, Va, 
Adams, James T., Bridghampton, N. 

Adams, Walter, Framingham, Mass. 
Adamson, Arthur L., Richmond, Va. 
Addison, W. Meade, Richmond, Va. 
Adkins, S. B., Richmond, Va. 
Allen, William Kinckel, Amherst, Va. 
Allison, James W., Richmond, Va. 
Alsop, Albert B., Richmond, Va. 
Ambler, Ben. Mason, Parkersburg, 
W. Va. 

Ambler, Mrs. Beverley L., Amherst, 

Va. 
Ames, Mrs. Joseph S., Baltimore, Md. 
.\nder.son. Archer, Jr., Richmond, Va. 



Anderson, Charles C, Richmond, Va 

Anderson, General Charles J., Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Anderson, Col. Henry W., Richmond, 
Va. 

Anderson, James Blythe, Lexington, 
Ky. 

Anderson, Mrs. L. C, Bainbridge, O. 

Anderson, Mrs. Nils, Plainfleld, N. J. 

Anderson, Robert E., Richmond, Va. 

Anderson, Major W. A., Lexington, 
Va. 

Andrews, Prof. C. M., Yale Univer- 
sity, New Haven, Conn. 

Antrim, Hugh, Richmond, Va. 

Ardery, Mrs. W. B., Paris, Ky. 

Arnot L. E., Richmond, Va. 



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LIST OF MEMBERS 



Atkins, Mrs. G. W. E., New York, 

N. Y. 
Atkinson, Thomas, Richmond, Va. 
Atwood, Lewis R., Louisville, Ky. 
Ayres, J. JM., White Sulphur Springs, 

Va. 



Bacon, Mrs. Horace S., North Middle- 
town, Ky. 

Bagby, Mrs. Parke C, Richmond, Va. 

Baker, Mrs. Benjamin Franklin, Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Baker, C. C, Lancaster, California. 

Ball, James M., Jr., Richmond. Xa.. 

Ball, William Winslow, Jr., Maysville, 
Ky. 

Ballard, N. H., Atlanta, Ga. 

Barbour, John S.. Washington, D. C. 

Barbour, Mrs. W. T., Roanoke, Va. 

Barham, Dr. W. B., Big Stone Gap, Va. 

Barnhill, Mrs. J. F., Indianapolis, 
Ind. 

Barton, Col. G. L.., Jr., Lexington, Va. 

Baskervill, P. H., Richmond, Va. 

Baskerville, Hamilton M., Richmond, 
Va. 

Bates, Onward, Chicago, 111. 

Bates, S. E., Richmond, Va. 

Battle, George Gordon, New York, 
N. Y. 

Battle, Col, William S., Roanoke, Va. 

Batts, R. I.,., Austin, Tex. 

Baylor, Capt. James B., Newmarket, 
Caroline Co., Va. 

Baughman, Dr. Greer, Richmond, Va. 

Bayne, Howard R., New York, N. Y. 

Beirne, Capt. Francis P., Baltimore, 
Md. 

Beirne, Major Richard F., Ashland, 
Va. 

Bell, J. W., Abingdon, Va. 

Bell, Landon C, Columbus, Ohio. 

Bell, Robert O., Lynchburg, Va. 

Belmont, August, New York, N. Y. 

Berry, Mrs C. D., Nashville, Tenn. 

Berry, Mrs. INIargaret Monteiro, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Best, Frank E., Chicago, IlL 

Beveridge, Hon. A. J., Indianapolis, 
Ind. 

Beveridge, Stephen T., Richmond, 
Va. 

Beverley, J. H. C, The Plains, Va. 

Beverley, R. Carter, Richmond, Va. 



Beverley, W. W., Henrico County, Va. 

Bivins, Mrs. Virginia Jeffery, New- 
port News, Va. 

Blackledge, Mrs. Martha Allen, 
Seattle, Washington. 

Blackwell, Dr. Karl S.. Richmond, 
Va. 

Blaine, Randolph H., Louisville, Ky. 

Blair, Miss Louisa Coleman, Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Blake, John J., Richmond, Va. 

Block, Rev. Karl Morgan, Roanoke, Va^ 

Bloomberg, Harold S., Richmond, Va. 

Boatwright, Mrs. Gertrude F. H., 
Roanoke, Va, 

Boisseau, P. H., Danville, Va. 

Boiling. Charles E., Richmond, Va. 

Bond, Mrs. Walker McClun, Win- 
chester, Va. 

Booker, Mrs. Hunter R., Hampton, 
Va. 

Boothe, Gardner L., Alexandria, Va. 

Borchardt, W. O., Austinville, Va. 

Bosher, Charles G., Richmond, Va. 

Bosher, Mrs. Robert S., Richmond, 
Va, 

Bowe, Stuart, Richmond, Va. 

Bowles, Dr. A. R., Richmond, Va. 

Bowling, Benjamin L., Mason City, 
Iowa. 

Boykin, Miss Anna B., Richmond, Va. 

Boykin, Edward C, Orange, N. J. 

Bradshaw, Mrs. C. W., Greensboro, 
N. C. 

Bradshaw, Mrs. Rosena, Paducah, 
Ky. 

Brady, Joseph P., Richmond, Va. 

Brame, Miss Lucille, Richmond, Va. 

Branch, John K., Richmond, Va. 

Branch. M. C, Richmond, Va. 

Brockenbrough, Edward, Norfolk, 
Va. 

Brockington, Mrs. C. E., Charleston, 
S. C. 

Brodhead, Mrs. Lucas, Versailea, 
Ky. 

Brodnax, Dr. John W., Richmond, Va. 

Brooke, Major Richard, Weston, W. 
Va. 

Brooke, Robert T., Birmingham, Ala. 

Brooke, Dr. T. V., Sutherlin, Va 

Brown, Dr. Alexander G., Jr., Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Brown, Eli H., Jr., Louisville, Ky. 

Brown, Mayo C, Lynchburg, Va. 

Brown, Wallace F., Richmond, Va. 



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VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



Brown, Wilson, M., Richmond, Va. 
Browning-, J. S. Orange, Va. 
Bruce, Hon. C. M., Washington, D. C. 
Bruce, Pliilip Alexander. University, 
Va. 

Bruce, Mrs. Mary Howard, Baltimore, 

Md. 
Bruce, William Cabell, Ruxton, Md. 
Bryan, Corbin Braxton, City Point, 

Va. 
Bry^in, George, PJchri>>nd. \'a 
Bryant, Mrs. J. A., Houston, Tex. 
Buchanan, Horace G., Richmond, Va. 
Buchanan, Genl. J. A., U. S. A., Upper- 

ville, Va. 
Buchanan, John P., Marion, Va. 
Buckner, Dr. Leigh, Roanoke, Va. 
Budloiig, Mrs. Milton J., New York, 

N. Y. 
Bullitt, J. P., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Bullitt, Wm. Marshall, Louisville, 

Ky. 
Burgos, Richard F., El Paso. Texas. 
Burke, Edmund J., Boston, Mass. 
Burnhill, J. F., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Burwell, D. S. Norfolk, Va. 
Button. Col. Joseph, Richmond, Va. 
Byrd, Richard Evelyn, Richmond, 

Va. 
Byrd, Samuel M., Nachitoches, La. 



Cabell, Henry Landon, Richmond, Va. 

Cabell, Col. Julian M., U. S. A., Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Cabell, Robert G., Richmond, Va. 

Cabell, Royal E., Richmond, Va. 

Cahill. Mrs. H. Virginia, San Anto- 
nio, Texas. 

Caldwell, C. R., Staunton, Va. 

Caldwell, James E., Nashville, Tenn. 

Call, Norman, Richmond, Va. 

Callaway, Fuller E., La Grange, Ga. 

Callahan, G. C, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Gallery, Mrs. J. D., Pittsburg, Pa. 

Cameron, Col. Benehan, Stagville, 
N. C. 

Camp, William S., Washington, D. C. 

Campbell R. K., Washington, D. C. 

Cannon, Arthur M., Richmond, Va. 

Cannon, Mrs. G. Randolph, Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Cannon, James E., Richmond, Va. 
Caperton, Mrs. James W., Rich- 
mond, Ky. 



Oapps, Dr. C. P., Meherrin, Va. 

Capps, Rear Admiral, W. L., U. S. 
N., Washington, D. C. 

Cargill, Mrs. T. A., Houston, Texas, 

Carlin, Hon. C. C, Alexandria, Va. 

Carpenter, Rear Admiral J. S., U. S. 
N., Washington, D. C. 

Carpenter, IMujor William T., U. S. 
A., Ann Arbor, Michigan. 

Carrington, Richard W., Richmond, 
Va. 

Carrington, Tazewell M., Richmond, 
Va. 

Carter. Robert II., Richmond, Va. 

Carter, Miss, Carter's Bridge, Va. 

Carter, Miss Sally Randolph, Car- 
ter's Bridge, Va. 

Carter, Spencer L... Richmond, Va. 

Gary, Alfred S., Richmond, Va. 

Cary, Hunsdon, Richmond, Va. 

Cary, R. M., Pensacola, Fla. 

Cary, Wilson M., Baltimore, Md. 

Caskie, James, Richmond, Va. 

Caskie, James R., Lynchburg, Va. 

Cassell, IMrs. Julius F. F., Staunton, 
Va. 

Catlett, Mrs. Richard H., Staunton, 
Va. 

Chalkiey, John W., Big Stone Gap, Va. 

Chalkley, Judge Lyman, Lexington 

Ky. 

Chamberlayne, Dr. Churchill G., Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Chandler, Dr. J. A. C, Williamsburg, 
va. 

Chandler, R. G., Chicago, 111. 

Chandler, Walter T., Chicago, 111. 

Chapin, William E., Atlanta, Ga. 

Chauncey, Mrs. Agnes C, Narberth 
Pa. 

Chelf, Mrs. T. W.. Dumbarton, Va. 

Chikon, W. B.. Washington, U. C. 

Chownlng, C. C, Urbanna, Va. 

Christian, Judge Frank P., Lynch- 
burg, Va. 

Christian, Judge Geo. L., Richmond, 

Va, 
Christian, Stuart, Richmond, Va. 
Christian, Walter. Richmond, Va. 
Claiborne, Mrs. Robert, New York, 

N. Y. 

Claiborne, Rev. W. S., Sewanee, 
Tenn. 

Clark, Mrs. Edward H., New York, 

N. Y. 
Clark, W. Welch, Danville, Va., 



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LIST OF MEMBERS 



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Clark, Mrs. William, Jr., Bernards- 

ville, N. J. 
Clement, Mrs. N. E., Chatham, Va. 
Cobh. Win. H., Flkins. W Vn. 
Codding-ton, Joseph L., Omaha, Neb. 
Coffin, Charles P., Broukliiif, Mus.s 
Cohen, Charles J., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Cohen, Mrs. Edward, Washington, D. C. 
Coke, John A., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Coleman, Aylett B., Roanoke, Va. 
Coleman, Charles W., Washington, 

D. C. 
Coleman, George P., Williamsburg, 

Va. 
Coleman, J. T., Lynchburg, Va. 
Collins, J. Taylor, Bowling Green, 

Va. 
Colston, Edward. Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Compton. Key, Baltimore, Md. 
Compton, Dr. R. F.. Charlottesville, Va. 
Conyers, C. B., Brunswick, Ga. 
Cook, Roy Byrd, Charleston, W. Va. 
CooHdge, Archibald C, Cambridge, 

Mass. 
Cooper, Henry O'B., Washington, D. C. 
Cootes, Col. Harry N., U. S. A., Fort 

Meyer, Va. 
Corbitt. James H., Suffolk, Va. 
Corbin, Mrs. John W., Baltimore, 

Md. 
Corbin, Richard Beverley, New York, 

N. Y. 
Corbin, Mrs. Richard W., Newport, 

R. L 
Gotten, Firuce, Baltimore. Md. 
Couty, Norman jM., Louisville, Ky. 
Cox, Edwin P., Riclimond, Va. 
Coxe, Whitwell W., Roanoke, Va. 
Cozzens, Federlck B., Chicago, 111, 
Craddock, John W., Lynchburg, Va. 
Crane, Mis. Ellen Bruce, Westover, 

Roxbury P. O., Va. 
Crawford. Dr. Joel, Yale, Va. 
Crawford, Mrs. Millard H., Shepherds- 
town, W. Va. 
Crenshaw, S. Dabney, Richmond, Va, 
Crenshaw, William A., Richmond, Va. 
Cridlin, W. B., Richmond, Va. 
Crockett, R. H., Franklin, Tenn. 
Crockett, Mrs. Sidney S., Nashville, 

Tenn. 

Crump, Judge Beverley T., Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Crump, James D., Richmond, Va. 

Crump, Malcolm H., Bowling Green, 
Ky. 

Crump, Robert S., Richmond. Va. 

Crutchfleld, E. M., Richmond, Va. 



Cunningham, Mrs. Jennie M., Shelby- 

ville, Ky. 
Cunningham, Richard E., Richmond, 

Va. 
Curry, Duncan, Staunton, Va. 
Cutchins, John A., Richmond, Va. 



Dabney, Dr. William M., Ruxton, Md. 

Dabney, Prof. R. H., University, 
Va. 

Dance, Mrs. Russell, Corinth, Miss. 

Dandridge, Misa Mary E., Cincin- 
nati, Ohio. 

Darling, Mrs. Frank W., Hampton, 
Va. 

Daughters, A. R., Washington, D. C. 

Davenport, Charles, Richmond, Va. 

Davles, H. Thornton, Manassas, Va. 

Davis, Arthur K., Petersburg, Va. 

Davis, Mrs. E. P,, Columbia, S. C. 

Davis, Chaplain, E. W., U. S. N., 
Charleston, S. C. 

Davis, J. Lee, Richmond, Va. 

Davis, W. O., Gainesville, Texas. 

Davis, Hon. Westmoreland, Loudoun 
Co.. Va. 

Delano, E. Carter, Warsaw, Va. 

Denby, Edwin H., New York, N. Y. 

Denham, Edward, New Bedford, 
Mass. 

Denham, Mrs. Harry Bartlett, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Denoon, Harry L., Richmond, Va. 

de Pilas, F. A., New York, N. Y. 

Detrick, Miss Lillie, Baltimore, Md. 

Dew, Thomas R., Richmond, Va. 

Dickey, Judge Lyle A.. Lihue, H. T. 

Dickinson, A. B., Richmond, Va. 

Diggs, Gains W., Richmond, Va. 

Dillard, Dr. James H., Charlottes- 
ville, Va. 

Dingledine, Prof. Raymond C, Har- 
risonburg, Va. 

Doremus, Mrs. C. A., New York, 
N. Y. 

Douglas, Miss Sallle Hume, Hono- 
lulu, H. T. 

Downing, Prof. George C, Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

Downing, Mrs. H.. H., Front Royal, Va, 

Drake, Nicholas, Richmond, Va. 

Drewry Hon. P. H., Petersburg, Va. 

Drewry, W. S., Richmond, Va. 

Druien, Mrs. James L., Bardstown, 
Kv 

Drybread, Mrs. I. J., Franklin, In- 
diana. 



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VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



Duke, Frank W., Richmond, Va. 

Duke. Judge R. T. W., Jr., Char- 
lottesville, Va. 

Duke, airs. Thomas T., Richmond, 
Va. 

Dulany, W. H. Jr.. St. Louis, j\Io. 

Dunn, Mrs. Elizabeth Ridley, Ricli- 

moud, Va. 
Dunn, John, M. D., Richmond, Va. 
Dunn, Rev. Joseph B., Richmond, Va. 
Dupont, Col. H. A., Winterthur, Del. 
Duval, Miss Maria P., Charlestown, 

W. Va. 
Dwig-ht, Dr. E. W., Boston, ]\Iass. 



Eag-on, Robert E., Dallas, Texas. 

Easley, J. C, Richmond, Va. 

East, John P., New York, N T. 

Kberb-, Mrs. Kdward W., Washing- 
ton, 1). C. 

Eckenrode, Dr. H. J., Richmond, Va. 

Edmunds, James E., Lynchburg, Va. 

Eggleston, Dr. J. D., Hampden-Sid- 
ney, Va. 

EUegood, Dr. J. Atkinson, Wilmington, 
Del. 

Ellerson, H. Watkins, Richmond, Va. 

Ellis, Wade H., Washington, D. C. 

Ellis, William A., Florence, Ala. 

Embry, Judge Alvin T., Fredricks- 
burg, Va. 

Empio. Adam, Vienna, Austria. 

Evans, Miss Catherine, Kiclimund, 
Va. 

I'^irrar, B. W., Summervillt;, Ga. 

Faulkner, C. J., Boydton, Va. 

Faulkner, John A., Lynchburg, Va. 

Fauntleroy, Miss Juliet, AltaVista, Va. 

Ferrell, Mrs. Chas. C, Anson, Texas. 

Fife, Prof. R. H., Middletown, Conn. 

Finch, Dr. A. T., Chase City, Va. 

Fishburne, Judge John W., Charlottes- 
ville, Va. 

Fitzgerald, Littleton, Jr., Richmond, 
Va. 

Fitzgerald, Marion N., Richmond, Va. 
Fitzhugh, Gen. Chas. L., Washington, 
D. C. 

Fitz llugli, Carter II., Lake Forest, 
111. 

Fleet, Beverley, New York, N. Y. 

Fleet, Rutherfoord, Ashland, Va. 

Fleming, Mrs. Vivian M., Fredericks- 
burg, Va. 

Fletcher, William Meade, Sperry- 
ville, Va. 



Flickwir, David W., Roanoke, Va. 

Foster, Mrs. W. W., Richmond, Va. 

Fountain, General S. W., U. S. A., 
r{a\'orford. Pa. 

Freeman, Dr. Douglas S., Richmond, 

Va. 

French, Dr. Jno. Herndon, New York, 
N. Y. 

Frost, D. C, Lynchburg, Va. 

Funsten, O. Herbert, Richmond, Va. 

Furluw, Mrs. Floyd C, New York, 
N. Y. 

Gaines, C. Carrington, Poughkeepsie, 

N. Y. 

Gaines, J. B., Tallahassee, Fla. 

Garcin, Dr. R. D., Richmond, Va. 

Garland, Spotswooa, Wilmington. 
Del. 

Garnett, C. B., Washington, D. C. 
Garnett, Theodore S., Norfolk, Va. 
Gary, Hampson, Washington, D. C. 
Gilbert, Mrs. Wells, Oswego, Ore. 
Gilbert, Mrs. R. M., New York, N. Y. 
Gilbert, Prof. W. E., East Radford, 
Va. 

Gilpin, Kenneth N., Boyce, Va. 

Gish, Miss Elizabeth, Lynchburg, Va. 

Glascock, B. Richards, Warrenton, Va. 

Glascock, Thomas B., Upperville, Va. 

Glasgow, Miss Ellen, Richmond, Va. 

Glencross, Reginald M., London, Eng- 
land. 

Glenn, Garrard, New York. N. Y. 

Glover, Rolfe E., Richmond, Va. 

Goddard, A. J., Freeport, 111. 

Good, D. Sayler, Roanoke, Va. 

Goodwin, Rev. E. L., Ashland, Va. 

Goodwin, Thompson W., Roanoke, Va. 

Goodwyn, Tyler, Montgomery, Ala. 

Goodwyn, Mrs. W. S., Emporia, Va. 

Gordon, Armlstead C, Staunton, Va. 

Gordon, James W., Bon Air, Va. 

Gordon, Col. John W., Westhampton, 
Richmond, Va. 

Gordon, Thomas C, Richmond, Va. 

Gover, A. M., Richmond, Va. 

Gravatt, Mrs. John J. Jr., Staunton, 
Va. 

Graves, Mrs. W. W., Jefferson City, 
Mo. 

Gray, Andrew J., Jr., Richmond, Va, 

Gray, Dr. A. L., Richmond, Va. 

Grayson, Rear Admiral Cary T., U. S. 
N., Washington, D. C. 

Grayson, Mrs. J. Cooke, Charlottes- 
ville, Va. 

Green, Lincoln, Washington, D. C. 



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LIST OF MEMBERS 



IX 



Gregg, Mrs. George M., Philadelphia, 

Pa. 
Gregory, George C, Richmond, Va. 
Gribbel, John, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Grinnan, Judge Daniel, Richmond, 

Va. 
Grinnan, John C, Norfolk, Va. 
Grinnan, Miss Nina S., Woodberry 

Forest, Va. 
Grinnan, Dr. St. George T., Richmond, 

Va. 
Groome, H. C, Warrenton, Va. 
Grymes, A. J., New York, N. Y. 

Guimareans, A. J. C, London, Eng- 
land. 
Qunn, Edgar G., Richmond, Va. 
Gunn, Julien, Henrico Co., Va. 
Guthrie, Major John D.. Portland, Ore. 
Guy, H. I., Schenectady, N. Y. 
Guy, John H., Richmond, Va. 



Haas, Judge T. N., Harrisonburg, Va. 
Habliston, Mrs. W. M., Richmond, 

Va. 
Hagner, A. Randall, Hopewell, Va. 
Hairston, S. W., Ronnoke. Va 
Hairston, Samuel. Wenonda, Va. 
Hairston, Mrs. Samuel, Wenonda, Va. 
Hall, Mrs. Prescott F., Brookline, 

Mass. 
Hall, Wilmer L., Richmond, Va. 
Hancock, John W., Roanoke, Va. 
Hancock, W. S'cott, St. Louis, Mo. 
Harahan, W. J., Richmond, Va. 
Hardaway, Horace, Amelia, Va. 
Hardy, Miss Stella Pickett, Bates- 

ville. Ark. 

Harman. J. N., Tazewell, Va. 
Harnsbiiger, Dr. Steplien, Warren- 
ton, Va. 

Harris, John T., Jr., Harrisonburg, 
Va. 

Harrison, Dr. Archibald C, Balti- 
more, Md. 

Harrison, Mrs. Carter H., Univer- 
sity, Va. 

Harrison, Hon. Carter II., Chicago, 
111. 

Harrison, Carter H, Jr., Wlnnetka, 
111. 

Harrison. Charles Buckner, St 
Loui.s, Mo. 

Harrison, Dabney Carr, Boyce, Va. 

Harrison, Mrs. Edward C, Carters- 

ville, Va. 
Harriscin, E. C, Staunton, Va. 
Harrison Hon Francis Burton, 

Alne.s, Scotland. 



Harrison, Geo. T., M. D., University, 
Va. 

Harrison. Mrs. George West, Peters- 
burg, Va. 

Harrison, H. S., Roxbury, Va. 

Harrison, L. A., Huntington, W. Va. 

Harrison, Randolph, Lynchburg, Va. 
Harrison, Robert L., New York, 
N. Y. 

Harrison, Hon. Thomas W., Winches- 
ter, Va. 

Harrison, William B., Denver, Col. 

Harrison, W. Gordon, Brandon, Va. 

Harrison, W. Preston, Los Angeles, 
Cal. 

Hart, Hon. Harris, Richmond, Va. 

Harwood, R. H., Richmond. Va. 

Hayden, Horace Edwin, Jr., Richmond 
College, Va. 

Hayes, John G., Richmond, Va. 

Hawkins, O. A., Richmond, Va, 

Heatliwole, Prof. C. J., Richmond Va. 

Heath, James E., Norfolk, Va. 

Henderson, INIrs. Helen S. T., Lynch- 
burg, Va. 

Herman, A. H., Richmond, Va. 

Herndon, J. W., Alexandria, Va. 

Hert, Mrs. A. P.. Louisville, Ky. 

Hickey, James J., Richmond, Va. 

Higgins, Mrs. D. F., Joliet, 111. 

Hill, Julien H., Richmond, Va. 

Hine, Col. Charles DeLano, U. S. A., 
Vienna, Va. 

Hite, Rev. Lewis F., Cambridge, 
Mass. 

Hocker, Mrs. W. A., Roanoke, Vu. 

Holladay, Waller, Richmond, Va. 

Holt, R. O, New York, N. Y. 

Hord, Rev. A. H., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Horsley, Dr. J. Shelton, Richmuiid, 
Va. 

Hotchkiss, E. D., Richmond, Va. 

Houston, Mrs. E. M., Springfield, Mo. 

Houston, Miss Martha K., Columbus, 
Ga. 

Howard, Mrs. Eleanor Washington, 

Washington, D. C. 
Howard, John, Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Howard, Charles McIIenry, Balti- 
more, Md. 

Howard, N. T., Greenville, Tenn. 

Howell, Arden, Richmond, Va. 

Howerton, Thomas H., Waverley, Va. 

Howie, Mrs. Paul W., Richmond, Va. 

Howry, L. Beverley, Washington, D. C. 

Hudgins, Russell W., New York, N. Y. 

Huglits, A. S., Denver, Col. 



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VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



Hughes, Dr. T. K., Richmond, Va. 
Hull, D. D., Jr., Roanoke, Va. 
Hume, Mrs, Frank, Washington. 
D. C. 

Humston, Bzra, Bosworth, Mo. 

Hunley, Col. W. M., Lexington, Va. 

Hunt, Gaillard, Washington, 1/ i,:. 

Hunter, E. P., Washington, D. C. 

Hunter, James W.. Nfirfnlk. \':i. 

Hunier, Len., Caruthersvillc, lilo. 

Hunion, Kppa, Jr., Richmond, \ a. 

Hutcheson, H. F., Boydton, Va. 

Hutcheson, Mrs. J. C, Houston, Tex. 

Hutchinson, Gary T., New York, 
N. Y 

Hutzler, Alvin B., Richmond, Va. 

Hyde, Mrs. John A., Dallas, Texas. 



Ingram, Judge John L., Richmond, Va. 
Irvin, Miss Annie B., Richmond, Va. 



Jackson, E. H., Front Royal, Va. 
Jackson, G. Carlton, Richmond, Va. 
Jackson, II. W., Uichinond. Va. 
Jackson, R. H., Fort Smith, Ark. 
Jaffa, Louis I., Norfolk, Va. 
James, Arthur W., Richmond, Va. 
James, G. Watson, Jr., Richmond, Va. 
James, Mrs. George N., Petersburg, 
Va. 

Jameson, Mrs. Sydney B., Buchanan, 

Va. 
Jamiton, J. E., Roanoke, Va. 
Jarman, Prof. J. L., Farmville, Va. 
Jeffreys, T. F., Drewry's Bluff, Va. 
Jenkins, Luther H., Richmond, Va. 
Jerman, W. B., Richmond, Va. 
Jett, Rt. Rev. Robert Carter, Roanoke, 

Va. 

Jewett, W. K., Passadena, Cal. 

John.ston, Dr. Alice, Columbus, Ohio. 

Johnston, Mrs. J. A., Richmond, Va. 

John.ston, J. Ambler, Richmond, Va. 

Johnston, James D., Roanoke, Va. 

Johnston, Miss Mary, Warm Springs, 
Va. 

Jones. Callom B., Richmond, Va. 

Jones, G. C, Atlanta, Ga. 

Jones, J. Crawley, Norfolk, Va. 

Jones, Mrs. J. Pembroke, Norfolk, 
Va. 

Jones, H. Stewart, Richmond, Va. 

Jones, Mrs. M. F., Lawton, Okla. 

Jones, Meriwether, Richmond, Va. 



Jones, Mrs. Richard, Atlantic City, 

N. J. 
Jones, S. Bruce, Bristol, Va. 
Jones, T. Catesby, New York, N. Y. 
Jones, Wm. McFarland, Richmond, 

Va. 
Jones, Willliam M., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Jones, VV. Sirother. Red Bank, X. J. 
Jordan, Mrs. Harvie, St. Matthews, 

S. C. 
Jordan, R L., East Radford, Va. 
Joynes, Levin, Richmond, Va. 
Judkins, Lewis M., Richmond, Va. 
Junkiu, Francis T. A. 

Kable, Mrs. W. G., Staunton, Va. 
Keach, Mrs. O. A., Wichita, Kan. 
Kearney, IMiss Elizabeth Anderson, 

I'nivei-sity, Va. 
Kegley, Judge W. B., Wytheville, Va. 
Keith, Ttiomas R., Fairfax, Va. 
Kelley, Judge Joseph L., Bristol, Va. 
Kemper, Charles E., Staunton, Va. 
Kemper, E. H., Alexandria, Va. 
Kennedy, Mrs. Edwin M., Knoxville, 

Tenn. 
Kilby, Dr. C. M., Lynchburg, Va. 
King, Mrs. S. W., Jr., Dallas, Texas. 
King, Mrs. William G., Dublin, Va. 
Kinnier, Miss Josephine P., Lynchburg, 

Va. 
Kirby, Judge Samuel B., Louisville, 

Ky. 

Kirk, Henry J., Bertrand, Va. 

Klemm, Mrs. J. G., Jr., Haverford, 
Pa. 

Knapp, Mrs. Shepherd, Esmont, Va. 

Knight, Brig. Genl. John T., U. S. 

A., Washington, D. C. 

Lacy, Samuel W., Richmond, Va. 
Lamb, Brockenbrough, Richmond, Va. 
Lamb, Mrs. E, T., Norfolk, Va. 
Lambert, Mrs. W. H., Germantown, 
Pa. 

Lancaster, R. A., Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Landis, John T., Washington, D. C. 

Larus, Mrs. Lewis G., Richmond, Va. 

Lassiter, Hon. Charles P., Peters- 
burg, Va. 

Lassiter, Maj. Gen. William, U. S. A., 
Washington, D. C. 

Lea, John P., Richmond, Va. 

Leake, J. Jordan, Richmond, Va. 

Leake, Walter, Richmond, Va. 



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LIST OF MEMBERS 



XI 



Lee, Blair, Silver Springs, Md. 

Lee, Cazenove G., Jr., Washington, D. 

C. 
Lewis, Ciiarles, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Lewis Jolin Taylor, Ashland, Va. 
Lewis, Stanford Bacon, Lansdowne, Pa 
Lewis, William Travers, Berryville, Va. 
Leigh, Egb' rt G., Jr., Richmond, \'a. 
Liebes, Leon, San Francisco, Cal. 
Lichtenstein, Isaac, Richmond, Va. 
Lindly, j\Irs. Mabel, Lincoln, Neb. 
Litchford, Henry E., Richmond, Va. 
Lloyd, Mrs. Arthur S., New York, N, 

Y. 
Locke, Victor Murat, Antlers, Okla. 
Lodge, Hon. H. C, Washington, D C. 
Long, A. R., Lynchburg, Va, 
Lung, Ernest M., Richmond, Va. 
Long, E. McL., New York, N. Y. 
Longan, Mrs. George F., Sedalia, ^^o. 
Love, Col. James M., Jr., L^. S. A., 

Fairfax C. H., Va. 
Love, Samuel B., Richmond, Va. 
Lucado, Mrs. Margaret S., Lynchburg, 

Va. 
Luckett, Mrs. Daingerfleld G., New 

York, N. Y. 
Lukeman, H. Augustus, New York, 

N. Y. 
Lunsford, Charles I., Roanoke, Va. 
Lyon, Mrs. Heber N., St. Paul, Minn. 



Machen, Lewis H., Richmond, Va. 
Mack, Dr. Edward, Riclimond, Va. 
Mahcr, Arthur P., New York, N. Y. 
Maher, N. D., Roanoke, Va. 

Major, J. N., Riverton, Va. 

Mallory, Col. J. S., U. S. A. Lexington, 
Va. 

Mann, Miss Annie V., Petersburg, Va. 
Manson, N. C, Jr., Lynchburg, Va, 
Marcuse, 1. J., Richmond, Va. 
Markham, George D., St. Louis, Mo. 
Marston, Mrs. Maude L., Ventnor, N. 
J. 

Martin, Mrs. Arthur Lewis, Nan- 
laka, Va. 

Marye, Hon. George T. Jr., Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Massie, Eugene C, Richmond, Va. 

Massie, Paul, Roanoke, Va. 

Massie, Robert, Lynchburg, Va. 

Mastin, Mrs. George R., Lexington, 
Ky. 

Matthews, Albert, Boston, Mass. 



Maupin, Mrs. William L., Charlottes- 
ville, Va. 

Maury, C. W., Noroton, Conn. 

Mercer, Mrs. William P., Elm City, 
N. C. 

Meredith, Charles V., Richmond, Va. 

Meriwether, Mrs. Minor, Shreveport, 
La, 

Meyer, Mrs. August R., Kansas City, 
Mo. 

Michael, C. Edwin, Roanoke, Va. 

Michie, Thomas J., Charlottesville, 
Va. 

Mickley, Miss Minnie F., Allentown, 
Pa. 

Middleton, Maury, Washington, D. C. 

Millard, C. I., St. Louis, Mo. 

Miller, Dr. Clifton M., Richmond, Va, 

Miller, Dr. E. Howe, Danville, Va. 

Miller, H. W., Washington. D. C. 

Miller, John M., Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Miller, Rudolph P., Xew Vorl;. -N. V 

Minge, J. H., New York, N. Y. 

Minnigerude, Cliarles Laltin.i^re. Md. 

Minor, Benj. S., Washington, D. C. 

]Minor, Hugh, Cannel City, Ky. 

Mitchell, Kirkwood, Richmond, Va. 

Montague, Hill, Richmond, Va. 

Moore, A., Jr., Berryville, Va. 

Moore, Frank, Lexington, Va. 

Moore, Hon. R. Walton, Fairfax, Va. 

Moore, Dr. S. B., Alexandria, Va. 

Moore, Thomas L., Richmond, Va. 

Moore, Warner, Richmond, Va. 

Morgan, Dr. Daniel H., Lanesville. 
N. Y. 

Morris, L. Z., Richmond, Va. 

Morrison, A. Kyle, Bristol, Va. 

Morton, Richard Lee, Williamsburg, 
Va. 

Morton, W. Waller, Richmond, Va. 

Mosby, Mrs. J. B., Richmond. Va. 

Moseley, Robert B., London, Eng- 
land. 

Moss, Mrs. Edwin S., Williamsburg, 
Ky. 

Moyler John, Richmond, Va. 

Mullen, James, Richmond, Va. 

Munce, John S., Richmond, Va. 

Munford, Mrs. Beverley B., Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Munford, R. B., Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Murrell, W. M., Lynchburg, Va. 

Myers, Barton, Norfolk, Va. 

Myers, Lllburn T., Richmond, Va. 

McAdams, Thomas B., Richmond, Va. 



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VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



McAdoo, Mrs. William, New York, N. 

Y. 
McAllister, J. T.. Hot Springs Va. 
Mac Brydc, David C, Simsbuiy, 

Conn. 
McCabe, Mrs. W. Gordon, Richmond, 

Va. 
McCaw, Brig-. Gen. Walter D., U. S. 

A., Washington. D. C. 
MaoCorkle, Hon. W. A., Charleston, 

W. Va. 
McCorkle, Walter K, New York, 

N. Y. 
McCormick, Harold F., Chicago, HI. 
McCormick, Robert H., Jr., Chicago, 

111. 
McCoy, Dr. W. K., Gum Spring, Va. 
McCurdy, H. A., Richmond, Va. 
McCutclieon, Mrs. B. B., Clifton, 

Portje, Va. 
McDiarmid, Mrs. James C, Fayette- 

ville. N. C. 
McDonald, Dudley, Richmond, Va. 
McFall, James, PittsburKh, Pa. 
McGrourty, W. B., Baltimore, Md. 
McGuire, Mrs. Frank H., Richmond, 

Va. 
McGuire, Dr. Hugh, Alexandria, Va. 
McGuJre, Dr. Hunter H., Winchester, 

Va. 
McGuire, John Peyton, Richmond, Va. 
McGuire, Murray M., Richmond, Va. 
McGuire, Dr. Stuart, Richmond, Va. 
McKinney, Mrs. Roy W., Paducah, 

Ky. 
Mcllwaine, Dr. H. R., Richmond, Va, 
Mcllwaine, W. B., Petersburg, Va. 
Mcintosh, Charles F., Norfolk, Va. 
McNeil, Mrs. Walter S., Richmond, 

McVeig-li, Mrs. L. W., Richmond, Va. 



Neale, S. C, Washington, D. C. 
Neilson, Miss Lou, Oxford, Miss. 
Nelson, James Poyntz, Richmond, Va. 
Nelson, Leon M., Richmond, Va. 
Neville, Mrs. Robert, Upperville, Va, 
Neville, MaJ. Gen. Wendell C, U. S. 

M. C, San Francisco, Cal. 
Newblll, Col. Willard D., U. S. A., 

San Francisco, Cal. 
Newton, John B., Roanoke, Va. 
Nicklin, Col. B. P., U. S. A., Camp 

Benniiig, Ga. 



Nixon, Lewis, New York, N. Y. 
Noland, Miss Charlotte B., Mlddleburg, 

Va. 
Nolting, Frederick E., Richmond, Va. 
Norman, Charles T., Richmond, Va. 
Norton, Mrs. Wm. S., San Francisco, 

Cal. 
Norvell, IVIrs. Lipscomb, Beaumont, 

Te.xas. 
Nowlin, Miss Chloe W., Lynchburg, Va. 



O'Connell, Rt. Rev. D. J., Richmond, 

Va. 
Old Dominion Press, Inc., Richmond, 

Va. 
Oliver, Rear Admiral James H., U. S. 

N., Shirley, Va. 
Oliver, Mrs. R. B., Cape Giradeau, Mo. 
Omohundro, F. A., Richmond, Va. 
Oppenheimer, Mrs. W. T., Richmond, 

Va. 
Osborne, W. L. H., Glide, Oregon. 
Otey, Mrs. Dexter, Lynchburg, Va. 
Owens, Robert B., Philadelphia, Pa. 



Pace, James B., Richmond, Va. 
Page, Legh R., Richmond, Va. 
Page, Mrs. Mann, Elizabeth. N. J. 
Page, Hon. Rosewell, Beaver Dam, Va. 
Palmer, E. A., Richmond, Va. 
Palmer, Wm. P., Cleveland, Ohio. 
Parham, E. F., Clarendon, Va. 
Parker. Col. John, Browsholme Hall, 

Clethiroe, Lancashire, Eng 
Parks, Mrs. Roscow, Marion, 111. 
Parrlsh, Oscar E., Richmond, Va. 
Parrish, John B., Richmond, Va. 
Parrlsh, J. Scott, Miniborya, Chester- 
field Co., Va. 
Parrish, W. J., Richmond, Va, 
Patterson, John L., Richmond, Va. 
Patteson, S. S. P., Richuioiul. Va 
Paxton, T. B., Jr., Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Payne, Col. Brooke, U. S. A., Asher- 

ton, Texas. 
Payne, D. A., Lynchburg, Va. 
Payne, John B., Washington, D. C. 
Payne, Henry E., Charleston, W. Va. 
Peete, Mrs. J. W., Memphis, Tenn. 
Pegram, Henry, New York, N. Y. 



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LIST OF MEMBERS 



Pegram, Major John C, U. S. A., 
Washington, D. C. 

Pegram, Robert Baker (Sd), Atlanta, 
Ga. 

Pendleton, Louis, Bryn Athyn, Pa. 

Penn, George E., Abingdon, Va. 

Penn, George E. Jr., Kingsport, 
Tenn. 

Penn, Mrs. James G., Danville, Va. 

Pennington, Robert L.. Bristol, Va. 

Perkinson, J. E., Danville, Va. 

Perry, Mrs' A. V., Manette, Wash- 
ington. 

Perry, Mrs. James C, San Francisco, 
Cal. 

Pescud, Peter F., New Orleans, La. 

Peterkin. Mrs. George W., Parkers- 
burg, \V. Va. 

Peters, Dr. Don Preston, Lynchburg, 
Va. 

Pettigrew, Mrs. C. D., Pine Bluff, 
Ark. 

Pettus, William J., >T n.. U. S. 
Marine Hospital Service, San 
Franci.seo, Cal. 

Peyton, Dr. Charles E. C, Pulaski, Va, 

Phillips, E. Raleigh, Richmond, Va. 

Pinckard, James S., Montgomery, Ala. 

Pinckney, C. C, Richmond. Va. 

Pinkerton, Charles, New York, N. Y. 

Pleasants, Edwin, Riclunuiid, Va. 

Pleasants, Dr. J. Hall, Baltimore, 
Md. 

Poindexter, W. W., Louisville, Ky. 

Pollard, Henry R., Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Pollard, Robert N., Richmond, Va. 

Porter, Mrs. .William B., Roanoke, 

Powers, Robert L., Richmond, Va. 
Powers, W. Frank, Richmond, Va. 
Prentiss, Judge R. R., Suffolk, Va. 
Price, James H., Richmond, Va. 
Priddy, Dr. A. S., Colony, Va. 
Pritchett, James I., Danville, Va. 
Pullen, A. M., Richmond, Va. 

Quarles, Hon. J. M., Staunton, Va. 

Rabe, Mrs. A. K., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Ramage, C. J., Saluda, S. C. 

Ramey, Mrs. Alice Lewis, Brown- 
wood, Texas. 

Randolph, Archibald C, Bluemont, Va. 

Randolph. Prof. Harrison, Charles- 
ton, S. C. 

Randolph, Rev Joseph B., Corinth, 
Miss. 



Randolph, Mrs. Robert Lee, Alex- 
andria, La. 

Read, Mrs. Edwin Leigh, Baltimore, 
Md. 

Reagan, Frank, Macon, Ga. 

Reed, P. L., Richmond, Va. 

Reed, William T., Richmond, Va. 

Reeder, Mrs. Clifford H., Miami, Fla. 

Reid, Mrs. E. S., Chatham, Va. 

Reid, Mrs. Fergus, Norfolk, Va. 

Held, Mrs, R J., Chatham. Va. 

Reynolds, Tliomas P., Richmond, 
Va. 

Rhoads, W. S., Richmond, Va. 

Richards, J. Donald, Warrenton, Va. 

Richards, Major Harrison H. Cocke, 
U. S. A. 

Richards, Mrs. Walter B., Riverton, 
Va. 

Richardson, .Mrs. Julia W., Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Richardson, Mrs. Malbon, Upperville, 
Va. 

Ridgeley, Mrs. Jane M., Chicago, 111. 

Riely, Henry C, Richmond, Va. 

Rixey, C. J., Jr., Washington, D. C. 

Roberson, Mrs. J. Fall, Cropwell, 
Ala. 

Roberts, Mrs. James A., Marietta, 
Ohio. 

Robertson, Judge Thoa. B., Hopewell, 
Va. 

Robins, Dr. C. R., Richmond, Va. 

Robinson, Miss Agnes C, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Robinson, Alexander G., Louisville, 
Ky. 

Robinson, Miss Martha Reed, New- 
man, Ga. 

Robinson, P. M., Clarksburg, W. Va. 

Rocki nbach. Brig. Genl. Samuel D., 
U. S. A., Camp Meade, Md. 

Roemer, Rev. John L., D. D., St. 
Charles, Mo. 

Rogers, Rev. George Flovd, Char- 
lotte. N. C. 

Roper, W. A., Richmond, Va. 

Roszel, Major B. M., Winchester, Va. 

Roy, Dr. Philip S., "Washington, 
D. C. 

Roystcr, Dr. L. T., University, Va. 

Ruebush, Joe K., Dayton, Va. 

RutUn, E. Lorraine, Richmond, Va. 

Russell, Charles W., Washington, 
D. C. 

Ryan, Thos. F., Oak Ridge, Va. 

Ryland, Miss Cally, Richmond, Va. 

Ryland, W. S , Richmond, ^ a. 






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VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



Sands, Alexander H., Richmond, Va. 
Sands, Oliver J., Richmond, Va. 
Saunders, Hon. John R., Saluda, Va. 
Savajje, N. R., Richmond, Va. 
Saville, Allen J., Richmond, Va. 
Saville, Charles O., Richmond, Va. 
Scherr, Henry, Williamson, W. Va. 
Schmidt, "W. C, Richmond, Va. 
Scott, Rev. John Garlick, Richmond, 

Va. 
Scott, Mrs. L. D., Atlanta, Ga. 
Scott, Robert E., Richmond, Va. 
Scott, Thomas B., Richmond, Va. 
Scott, W. Madison, Richmond, Va. 
Scott, W. W., Orange Co., Va. 
Scott, Walker, Richmond, Va. 
Scruggs, Mrs. George R., Dallas, Texas. 
Sears, Mrs. Willa, Clarence, Mo. 
Sexton, Mrs. James S., Hazlehurst, 

N. Y. 
Semple, W. T., Cincinnati, Ohio. 
St'xton, Mrs. James C., Hazlehurst, 

Miss. 
Sheild, Howard, Norfolk, Va. 
Shelton, Thos. W. Norfolk, Va. 
Shepherd, Dr. Wm. A., Richmond, Va. 
Sheppard, Mrs. Ocie Hardesty, Man- 

ninjjion, W. Va. 
Shewmake, Oscar L., Williamsburg', 

Va. 
Sigman, Mrs. M. L., Monticello, Ark. 
Sim, John R., New^ York, N. Y. 
Sitterding, Fritz, Riclimond, Va. 
Skeltun, Mrs. Steve G., Hartwell, 

Ga. 
Skinker, Mrs. William, The Plains, Va. 
Slaughter, J. W., The Plains, Va. 
Smith, A. D., Fayetteville, W. Va. 
Smith, Alda L., Belton, S. C. 
Smith, Blackburn, Berryville, Va. 
Smith, Miss Edith W., Denver, Col. 
Smith, Dr. F. H., Abingdon, Va. 
Smith, Capt. G. Tucker, U. S. N 
Smith, H. M., Jr., Richmond. Va. 
Smith, Dr. James Henderson, Rich- 
mond, Va. 
Smith, Mrs. Marsden C, Richmond, Va. 
Smith, Capt. R. C, U. S. N., Coop- 

erstown, N. Y. 
Smith, Richard H., Richmond, Va. 
Smith, Tliomas O., Birmingliam, Ala. 
Smith, Tliomas J., Richmond, Va. 
Smith, Turner G., Atlanta, Ga. 
Smithey, Marvin, Lawrenceville, Va. 
Smyth, Mrs. James C, Richmond, Va. 
Southall, Rev. S. O., Dinwiddle, Va. 



Sparrow, Miss Carolina, Lambert, 

Sweetbrier College, Va. 
Speiice, Mrs. Audrey K., Wytheville, 

Va. 

Spilman, Gen. B. D., Warrenton, Va. 
Squires, Rev. W. H. T., Norfolk, Va. 
Stanard, W. G., Richmond, Va. 
Statham, Miss Mary B., Passadena, 
Cal. 

Staton, Mrs. James G., Williamston, 

N. C. 
Stechert & Co., New York, N. Y. 
Steele, Charles, New York, N. Y. 
Steiger, E., New York, N. Y. 
Stern, Cary Ellis, Richmond, Va. 
Stetson, Chas. W., Glencarlyn, 

Arlington County, Va. 
Stettinius, Mrs. E. R., New York, 

N. Y. 
Stevens, B. F. and Brown, London, 

Eng. 
Stewart, Miss Annie C, Brook Hill, 

Va. 
Stewart, Miss E. Hope, Brook Hill, Va. 
Stewart, Miss Norma, Brook Hill, Va 
Stewart, Miss Lucy W., Brook Hill, 

Va. 
Stewart, J. A., Louisville, Ky. 
Stone, Dr. Harry P., Roanoke, Va. 
Stone, Miss Lucie P., Hollins, Va. 
Stoner, Mrs. R. G., Mt. Sterling, Ky. 
Straley, Miss Rosa Walthall, Prince- 
ton, W. Va. 
Straus, Arthur L., Richmond, Va 
Straus, Milton J., Richmond, Va. 
Street, George P., Atlanta, Ga. 
Stringfellow, Blair B., Richmond, Va. 
Strother, James French, Welch, W. Va. 
Stubbs, Thomas J., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Sturdivant, Mrs. R. D., Berlin, Ala. 
S'ublett, F. L., Harrisonburg, Va. 
Sutton, Frank T., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Swem, Earl G., Williamsburg, Va. 
Swink, A. O., Richmond, Va. 
Sydnor, Eugene B., Richmond, Va. 



Tabb, T. Garnett, Richmond, Va. 
Talbot, Minton M., Norfolk, Va. 
Talbot, Mrs. J. A., Los Angeles, Cal. 
Taliaferro, Mrs. Ricliard P., Ware 
Neck, Va. 

Tallcy Mrs. Dyer F., Birmingham, 
Ala. 

Talley, Robert H., Westhampton, Rich- 
mond, Va. 






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LIST OF MEMBERS 



XV 



Tarns, Miss Fannie S., Washing-ton, 

D. C. 
Tanner, Chaiies W., Richmond, Va. 
Tayloe, E. D., University, Va. 
Tayloe, William H., Washington, D. C. 
Taylor, E. C, Tamcliff, W. Va. 
Taylor, Dr. Fielding L., New York, 

N. Y. 
Taylor, G. A., Boston, Mass. 
Taylor, Gervas S., Richmond, Va. 
Taylor, Jacquelin P., Richmond, Va. 
Taylor, John M., Richmond, Va. 
Taylor, Tazewell, Norfolk, Va. 
Taylor, Mrs. T. M., New York, N. Y. 
Taylor, Prof. T. U., Austin, Texas. 
Tennant, W. Brydon, Richmond, Va. 
Terrell, Dr. A. W., Lynchburg, Va. 
Terrell, R. A., Birmingham, Ala. 
Thach, Mrs. Charles C, New Orleans, 

La. 
Thom, William Taylor, Washington, D. 

C. 
Thomas, Miss Ella M., Norfolk, Va. 
Thomasson, E. B., Richmond, Va. 
Thompson, J. Taylor, Farmville. Va. 
Thompson, Mrs. W. H., Norfolk, Va. 
Thompson, Mrs. Wells, Houston, Tex. 
Thompson, William Boyce, New 

York, N. Y. 
Thornton, R. G., Richmond. Va. 
Throckmorton, Charles W., Richmond, 

Va. 

Throckmorton, C. Wickliffe, New 

York. N. Y. 
Tlirusion, R. C, Ballard, Louisville, 

Ky. 
Tidball, Prof. Thomas A., Sewanee, 

Tenn. 
Tiffany, Mrs. Louis McLane, Balti- 
more, Md. 
Torrence, Rev. W. Clayton, Front 

Royal, Va. 
Traber, Mrs. Herman, Muskogee, Okla. 
Trant, Mrs. Robert L., Portsmouth, Va. 
Tresnon, Henry E., Richmond, Va. 
Trinkle, Hon. E. Lee, Wytheville, Va. 
Troubetzkoy, The Princess, Castle Hill, 

Cobham, Va. 
Tuck, G. O., Louisville, Ky. 
Tucker, Dr. Beverley R., Richmond, 

Va. 
Tucker, H. St. George, Lexington, Va. 
Tucker, Lawrence F., Norfolk, Va. 
Tuder, Dr. Thomas J., Exeter, Va. 
Tunstall, Robert B., Norfolk, Va. 
Turner, Daniel L., New York, N. Y. 



Turner, R. R., The Plains, Va. 
Twij,'g, Gilbank, Markham, Va. 
Tyler, Dr. Lyon G., Holdcroft, Va. 

Upshur, Col. Alfred P., U. S. A., Fort 
Sam Houston, Texas. 

Valentine, E. V., Richmond, Va. 
Valentine, G. G., Richmond, Va. 
Valentine, Henry Lee, Richmond, Va, 
Valentine, M. S., Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Waddill, Judge Edmund J., Richmond, 

Va. 
Waddill, Samuel P., Henrico Co., Va. 
Wasjgener, B. P., Atchison, Kan. 
Walker, G. A., New York, N. Y. 
Walker. Georj^e E., Charlottesville, Va 
Walker, Mrs. J. A., Chautauqua, N. 

Y. 
Walker, J. G., Richmond, Va. 
Walker, Mrs. John Key, Bedford, Va. 
Walker, General Meriwether L., U. S. 

A., Balboa Heights, Canal Zone. 
Walker, Norvell B., Richmond, Va. 
Walker, Mrs. S. A., Belton, Texas. 
Wtilker, Judge W. S. C, Kennett, 

Mo. 
Walker, Mrs. W. W., Armstrong, Mo. 
Wall, Garrett B., Richmond, Va. 
Wallace, Gordon, Richmond, Va. 
Wallace, Maxwell G., Richmond, Va. 
Waller, E. P., Schnectady, N. Y. 
Waller, Major L. T. W., Jr., U. S. M. 

C, Washington, D. C. 

Walling, Mrs. George W., Austin, 

Texas. 
Walling, Mrs. Willoughby, Chicago, 111. 
Wallerstein, Morton L., Richmond, Va. 
Ware, Rev. S. S., Berryville, Va. 
Walton, Capt. C. Cortlandt, Richmond, 

Va. 
Warfleld, George B., Alexandria, Va. 
Warren, George W., Westhampton, Va. 
Waters, J. S. T., Baltimore, Md. 
Watkins, R. Walter, Jr., Baltimore, 

Md. 
Watts, James O., Lynchburg, Va. 
Watts, R. T., Jr., Lynchburg, Va. 
Wattson, W. Gray, Richmond, Va. 
Waj'land, Prof. J. W., Harrisonburg, 

Va. 
Weaver, Aubrey G., Front Royal, Va 
Weddell, Hon. Alexander W., U. S. 

Consul General, Calcutta, India. 
Wellford, B. Rand., Richmond, Va 



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VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



Wells, Mrs. Chester C, Omaha, Neb. 
Welles, Mrs. Paul T., Short Hills, N. 
J. 

West, Mrs. H. L., Washington, D. C. 
Wheelwright, Thomas S., Richmond, 

Va. 
White, Edward J., St. Louis, Mo. 
White, Rev. H. A., Richmond, Va. 
Whiting, Major Edgar M., U. S. A., 

Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. 
Whitner, Charles F., Atlanta, Ga. 
Whitridge, Mrs. Wm. H., Baltimore, 

M(l. 
Whitty, J. H., Richmond, Va. 
Wiggins, Mrs. Joseph P., Indianapolis, 

Ind. 
Willtinson, Mrs. Ada Lowther, New 

York, N. Y. 
Willard, Mrs. Joseph E. 
Williams, Dr. Carrington, Richmond, 

Va, 

Williams, C. N., Jr.. Richmond, Va. 

Williams, E. A., Baltimore, Md. 

Williams, E. Randolph, Richmond, Va. 

Williams, E. Victor, Richmond, Va. 

Williams, Mrs. F. L., Bristol, R. I. 

Williams, Mrs. J. Fulton, Char- 
lottesville, Va. 

Williams, R. Gray, Winchester, Va. 

Williams, Langbourne M., Richmond. 
Va. 

Williams, Lewis C, Richmond, Va. 

Williams, Walter A., Jr., Richmond, 
Va. 

Williams, William Leigh, Norfolk, Va. 

Willis, Dr. A. Murat, Richmond, Va. 

Wilson, Miss Annie V. M., Black 
Mountain, N. C. 

Wilson, Benjamin W., Richmond, 
Va. 

Wilson, Col. Eugene T., U S. A., 
London, Ohio. 

Wilson, John T., Richmond, Va. 

Wilson, Richard T., Richmond, Va. 



Wingfleld. Rev. Marshall, Bowling 

Green, Va. 
Wirslon, F. G., Minneapolis, IMinn. 
Win.^ton, James O., Kinston, N. Y. 
Winston, Robert T., Hanover C. H., Va. 
Winston, Judge Robert W., Raleigh, N. 

C. 
Winston, Thomas S., Richmond, Va. 
Winston, W. O., Minneapolis, Minn. 
Wise, Mrs. Barton H., Richmond, Va 
Wist:', George E., Richmond, Va. 
Wise, Col. Jennings C, Washington, 

D. C. 
Withers, Alfred D., Roane's, Va. 
Wood, Jesse F., Richmond, Va. 
Wood, Sterling A., Birmingham, Ala. 
Wood, Trist, New Orleans, La. 
Wood, Waddy B., Washington, D. 0. 
Woodhull, Mrs. Oliver J., San Antonio, 

Te.xas. 
Woods, Hon. James P., Roanoke, 

Va. 
Woodward, Jesse M., New York, N. Y. 
Wormeley, Carter W., Richmond, Va. 

Wortham, Charles T., Donaldson- 

ville. La. 
Wortham, Coleman, Richmond, \'a. 
Wright, E. E., New Orleans, La. 
Wright, Mrs. Marcus J., Washington, 

D. C. 
Wyatt, Miss Willie, Montgomery, 

Ala. 
Wyatt, Wm. H., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Wynn, F. S., New York, N. Y. 
Wynn, Mrs. James O., Atlanta, Ga. 
Wysor, Harry R., Muncie, Ind. 
Wysor, J. T., Pulaski, Va. 



Yoakum, R. B., Leavenworth, Kan. 
Yonge, Samuel H., Norfolk, Va. 

Zimmer, W. L., Petersburg, Va. 



LIBRARIES— Annual Members 



Atlantic City, N. J., Free Library. 



Bangor Public Library, Bangor, 
Maine. 

Boston Public Library, Boston, Mass. 

Brooklyn Public Library, Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. 

Brown University Library, Provi- 
dence, R. I. 



California Society, S. R., Los An- 
geles, Cal. 

Carnegie Free Library, Alleghany, 
Pa. 

Carnegie Free Library, Nashville, 
Tenn. 

Carnegie Library, Atlanta, Ga. 

Carnegie Library, Pittsburg, Pa. 

Carnegie Library, San Antonio, Tex. 

Chicago Public Library, Chicago, 111. 



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>Jbrro.niiL.iH , V/ 






LIST OF MEMBERS 



XVU 



Chicago University Library, Chicago, 
111. 

Cincinnati jrubllc Library, Cincin- 
nati, Ohio. 

Clark Co. Historical Society, Win- 
chester, Ky. 

Cleveland, Ohio, Public Library. 

Cocke Memorial Library, HoUins, 
Va. 

Colonial Dames of State of New 
York, New York, N. Y. 

Cornell University Library, Ithaca, 
N. Y. 

Cossitt Librarj', Memphis, Tenn. 



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tory, Jackson. Miss. 

Detroit Public Library. Detroit, 
Mich. 



Kansas City Public Library, Kan- 
sas City, Mo. 

Lawson McGhee Library, Knox- 
ville, Tenn. 

Leesburg Public Library, Leesburg, 
Va. 

Lexington, Ky. Public Library. 

Library of Congress, Washington, 
D. C. 

Libraire C. Klincksieck, Paris, 
Prance. 

Little Rock, Ark., Public Library. 

Long Island Historical Society Li- 
brary, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Los Angeles, Cal. Public Library. 

Louisville Free Public Library, Louis- 
ville, Ky. 



Fairbanks Memorial Library, Terre 
Haute, Ind. 

Georgetown University Library, 
Washington, D. C. 

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phis, Tenn. 

Grosvenor Pub. Library, Buffalo, N. 
Y. 

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brary, Hampton, Va. 

Handley Library, Winchester, Va. 

Harvard University Library, Cam- 
bridge, Mass. 

Henderson Public Library, Hender- 
son, Ky. 

Houston Public Library, Houston, 
Texas. 

Huntington, Henry E. Library, San 
Gabriel, Cal. 

Illinois State Historical Library, 
Springtleld, 111. 

Illinois Society S. A. R., Chicago, 111. 

Indiana State Library, Indianap- 
olis, Ind. 

Indianapolis Public Library, Indian- 
apolis, Ind. 

Iowa, Historical Department of, Des 
Moines, la. 



Jones, G. M.. Memorial Library, 
Lynchburg, Va. 



Maine State Library, Augusta, Me. 

Massachusetts State Library, Boston, 
Mass. 

Michigan State Library, Lansing, 
Mich. 

Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee, 
Wis. 

Minneapolis Athenaeum Library, Min- 
neapolis, Minn. 



Nebraska University Library, Lincoln, 
Neb. 

Newberry Library, Chicago, 111. 

New Hampshire State Library, Con- 
cord, N. H. 

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North Carolina State Library, Raleigh, 
N. C. 

Northwestern University Library, 
Evanston, IlL 

Oberlin College Library, Oberlin, Ohio. 
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Ohio State Library, Columbus, Ohio. 

Parliament Library, Ottowa, Can. 

Peabody College for Teachers Library, 
Nashville, Tenn. 

Peabody Institute, Baltimore, Md. 

Pennsylvania State College, State Col- 
lege, Pa. 

Pennsylvania State Library, Harris- 
burg, Pa. 



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VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



Peoria Public Library, Peoria, III. 

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ton, N. J. 

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land, Va. 

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Lynchburg, Va. 

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ary, Louisville, Ky. 

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Mo. 

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tovi'n, W. \'a. 
Mo. 

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N. Y. 

Texas State Library, Austin, Texas. 

Union Theological Seminary Library, 

Richmond, Va. 
University Club Library, New York, 

N. Y. 
University of California Library, 

Berkeley, Cal. 
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na, 111. 



University of Indiana Library, Bloom- 
ington, Ind. 

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Arbor, Mich. 

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neapolis, Minn. 

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Chapel Hill, N. C. 

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Philadelphia, Pa. 

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versity, Va. 

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MorgantowTi, W. Va. 



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ville, Tenn. 

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Virginia Military Institute Library, 
Lexington, Va. 

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brary, Blacksburg, Va. 



Warrenton Public Library, W.Trren- 
ton, Va. 

West Virginia Department of Ar- 
chives and History, Charleston, 
W. Va. 

Wheeling Public Library, Wheeling, 
W. Va. 

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Williamsburg, Va. 

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Society, Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 



Yale University Library, New 
Haven, Conn. 



LIBRARIES— Life Members 



Boston Athenaeum Library, Bos- Library Company, Philadelphia, Pa. 
ton, Mass. 

New York Public Library, New 

York, N. Y. 
New York State Library, Albany, 

N Y 

California State Library, Sacramento, 
Cal. 

Columbia College Library, New Richmond College Library, Rich- 
York, N. Y. mond, Va. 



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THE 



Virginia Magazine 

OF 

HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY 



Vol. XXXII. April, 1924 No. 2 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS, 1726-1753=^ 



Vol. 605 — 14 1 8. 



(From the Transcripts in the Public Record Office, 

London.) 

(Continued.) 

April 25th, 1727 

Present 

'J'he Hon"" the PVesident 

William Byrd Cole Digges John Carter 

Xathan' Harrison Peter Beverley Rich'd Fitzwillianis 

Mann Page John Robinson' John Grymes, Es(j. 

On the Application of William Fantleroy^ Gent, and Oath 
made that he sent some Plate by Capt. Herd of the Ship Tay- 
loe of Bristol, to be changed and made into other kinds of 
plate, and finds by Capt. Herd's books, that it was changed 
and marked with the initial Letters of his name ; and it ap- 
pearing that the broken plate found on the Tayloe's Sailors 

* Through an error in the label of a photographic print the parlor 
at Brandon was given in our January issue as the Shirley parlor. 



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114 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

was SO marked, it is Ordered that the same be delivered to 
him or his Order. 

April 26th 1727 

Present 
The President 

William Byrd Peter Beverley 

Nathan' Harrison John Robinson 

Mann Page John Carter & 

Cole Digges John Grymes Esqrs. 

On hearing this day the matter on the petition of David 
Bray, Gent against David Hornby and Thomas Deal ; The 
Council having examined the Allegations of the petition and 
heard the several parties And it appearing to the Board that 
the said Beal & Hornby had at the last hearing concealed the 
Advantages they made of the Land in controversy, and had 
deceived the Board in some other particulars of their pre- 
tended improvements It is now Ordered that there be paid to 
the said Hornby in full for his Improvements and Seating as 
given in to this Board the Sum of £41.7.6. And to the said 
Thomas Beal in full of his Demand the Sum of £48.15.6. 
current money and no more. And whereas the said Thomas 
Beal and David Hornby have their Slaves on the Land and 
have prepared for making a Crop It is Ordered that they 
continue there till the finishing the said Crop and that the 
Plantations and Improvements in the like good Order as con- 
tain'd in the Estimate be delivered to the petitioner or his 
Order on the 20th of Novem" next, and that the money afore- 
said be paid by the said Bray within eight days thereafter to 
the said Beal and Hornby or their Order in Williamsburgh 
and upon such payment ]tlr. Bray is to have a Patent for the 
said Land; but in case he refuses to pay the said several sums, 
then the said Lands shall be granted to any other that will 
pay the money hereby directed to be paid for the Improve- 
ments made thereon. 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS II5 

The great Men of the Saponie Indians 
Complaint of the this day attending the President in Council, 
Sapony Indians made Complaint That while some of their 
agt. the Tusca- people were hunting on Roanoak River last 
ruros & others Winter, they were surprised in the night 
and Orders by a party of Tuscaruras living within the 
thereon Province of North Carolina, who killed 

four, and carried off prisoners three of their 
Nation ; They said that they had always continued faithful to 
the English and had hitherto declined taking their Revenge 
of the Tuscaruras lest they should thereby disoblige this Gov- 
ernment; and hop'd that as they had been made to give Sat- 
isfaction to the Tuscaruras by delivering up one of their Nation 
who killed a Tuscaruro some time ago, The Tuscaruras should 
now be obligated to give the like Satisfaction to them Where- 
upon the President caused to be interpreted to them the Letter 
he wrote last February upon their Complaint made to Coll. 
Harrison concerning the Injury done them by the Tuscaruras, 
wherein he had insisted upon the Satisfaction they now pro- 
posed ; and also the Letter he received from the Governor of 
North Carolina in answer thereto, together with the Answer 
made by Blunt' the Chiefman of the Tuscaruras to the Gov- 
ernor and Council of North Carolina the 4th day of this 
month ; Wherein Blunt denies that any of the Tuscaruras be- 
longing to his Town were concerned in the murder of the 
Saponies whereof they complain ; but that it was committed 
by the Tuscaruras now living under the protection of the five 
Nations, and that he was sure that if they were taxed with 
it they would not deny it. To which the Great men of the 
Saponies answered That these were but excuses fraimed by 
Blunt, for that they had good proof that the Indians of his 
Town and none other committed this murder ; That the Sa- 
ponies who escaped had followed the Tract of the party that 
attack'd them, two days march towards Blunt's Town ; that 
an Indian Slave then at the said Town had seen one of the 
Saponie prisoners brought thither and put to death, and that 
they can make appear by several of the English Inhabitants 
on Roanoak that the same Tuscaruras were seen about that 



II. 






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Il6 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

time with divers Scalps which they were carrying home to 
their Town, and which could be none other but those of the 
Saponies ; And prayed that if this Government could not 
obtain from Blunt the Satisfaction they desired, they may 
have liberty with the assistance of the Indians their Confed- 
erates, to take their Revenge in their own way. 

The Council taking into consideration what hath been now 
offered by the Saponie Indians It is Resolved by this Board 
that no further Application be made to the Governor of North 
Carolina since he hath acknowledged that the Tuscaruras are 
not Tributarys to his Government and it appears he has very 
little Authority over them, but since Blunt their Chiefman at 
his late Conference with the Governor of North Carolina, de- 
clared in the presence of Richard Fitzwilliam, Esqr. one of 
the members of this Board, that he should have been ready 
upon a Message from this Government to have come in and 
justified himself and his Nation from what is charged on them 
by the Saponies, a Messenger be dispatched to the said Blunt, 
requiring him and his Great men to attend at this Board on 
the second tuesday in June next in order to the examination 
into the truth of what is alledged against his Indians by the 
Saponies; And the Great !Men of the Saponie Indians are 
also Ordered to attend at the same time to make out their 
Charge ; And it is further declared to the Saponies, that in 
case Blunt shall not come in upon this Message, or if upon 
his coming in, he shall not sufficiently clear his Indians from 
the fact whereof they are accused the Saponies shall then be 
at liberty to committ what Hostilitys they think fitt upon the 
said Tuscaruras, whereon this Government will not interpose 
to restrain them, provided they forbear doing any Injury to 
the English Inhabitants on the Frontier. 

^Vhereas the Great Men of the wSaj)onie Indians have this 
day made Comjilaint to the Board that one John Prouse of 
Hanover County, being some time ago at a Horse race on 
the Maherine River where a Saponie Indian was present and 
very much in drink, the said Prouse as the Indian lay asleep 
set fire to his Cloaths whereby the said Indian was so griev- 
ously scorched and burnt that within a few days thereafter 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 



117 



he died. It is Ordered that a Proclamation issue for appre- 
hending^ the said Prouse and Conveying him to the public 
Goal at Williamsburgh in order to his Tryal for the death of 
the said Indian, And that a Reward of iio be promised for 
appreliending him and bringing him to the public Goal. 

Complaint being this day made by the Saponie Indians that 
one Martin Lyon frequently brings Rum into their Town and 
sells the same to their young men, whereby great disorders 
are committed among them. It is Ordered That the said 
Martin Lyon do attend this Board on the second Tuesday 
in June next to answer the said Complaint And that the Sherif 
of Prince George County serve him with this order. 

May the 2nd. 1727 

Present 

The President 



William Byrd 
Nathan' Harrison 
Mann Page 



Cole Digges 
Peter Beverley 
John Robinson 



John Carter 
Rich'd Fitzwilliam 
John Grymes, Esqs. 



New Commissions of the Peace for the 
Justices & Sher- Countys of Stafford, Northumberland, Spot- 
ifs Appointed. sylvania, Hanover, & James City were this 

day Ordered in Council, and several per- 
sons appointed to be Justices in the room of those lately de- 
ceased. 

The following Sherif s were this day nominated in Council 
in the room of those who have desired to be excused from 
that Office, Viz; For Glocester, Peter Whiting^; Warwick, 
John Langhorn\ 

Edwin Thacker Gent is appointed one of the Coroners of 
Middlesex County. 

Whereas the Justices of Stafford County have neglected the 
recommendation of Sherifs for the ensuing year, and the 
person now in that Office refusing to serve any longer. The 
President is desired to grant a Commission to such Justice 
of the said County as shall be willing to serve in the said 












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Il8 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Office; and if none will voluntarily accept the same, that he 
appoint such person as he shall think titt being in the Comm" 
of the Peace for that County to be Sherif for the ensuing 
year. 

On the petition of Richard Pearson late Master of the 
Ship Fortune of Whitehaven setting forth that in the year 
1724 he came into this Colony and entered said Ship in the 
District of South P'otomack, where after he had purchased 
and taken on board a considerable quantity of her Lading of 
Tol)acco the said Ship and Lading was unfortunately burnt 
in the said District. That notwithstanding thereof the Naval 
Officer of the said District hath now demanded of him the Port 
Dutys and other Charges which would have been payable if the 
said Ship had been cleared, And praying Relief therein. It is 
the Opinion of this Board and accordingly Ordered That in 
Consideration of the great loss the petitioner sustained by the 
burning of the Ship, the Duty of Tonnage be remitted him, 
And that the Naval Officer do not demand the same. 

The Accompt of Contingent Charges from the 25th of Oc- 
tober last together with the expense of keeping in repair the 
Governor's House were this day examined and allowed in 
Council. 

Ordered that Henry Cary and John Ty- 
Order for Re- ler Gents, be appointed to view the Gov- 
pairing the Gov- ernor's House' and Report what Reparations 
ernor's House. are necessary therein and the Charges there- 
of, and that the same be forthwith sett 
about ; And It is further Ordered that the great Dining room 
and Parlour thereto adjoining be new painted, the one of 
pearl colour the other of cream colour ; and that the Window 
fraimes Outer doors and Eves be also new painted ; that the 
pasture fence be put in repair and that Labourers be hired to 
assist the Gardiner in putting the Garden in good order. 

On the petition of Giles Cook', Setting 

Petitions for forth that one George Parker late of the 

Land. County of Essex, deceased, in the year 1720, 

obtained an Order of this Board for 10,- 

000 acres of Land in the Fork of Rappahannock River in the 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS II9 

County of Spotsylvania joining upon the entry of Robert and 
Humfry Brooks [Brooke], Augustine Smith and George Brax- 
ton junr.^ and sometime afterv^ards surveyed 4000 acres there- 
of but never sued out any patent for the same, that the said 
George Parker is since dead, and Ma jr. Wilham Dangerheld" 
of Essex County now lays claim to the said Land or some part 
thereof but without having yet sued out or obtained any patent 
for the same, whereby the petitioner conceives that the Entry 
of the said Parker, and the claim of the said William Danger- 
field under him are according to the Order of the Government 
become void, and praying that leave may be granted to him 
the Petr. to enter for Survey and take out a Patent for the said 
Land. It is Ordered that unless the said William Danger- 
field being duly served with a copy of this Order, do appear 
before this Board at the next Court of Oyer and Terminer 
and make out his pretensions to the said Land, and show 
cause why he hath not hitherto sued out a Patent, the same 
be granted to the petitioner. 

On the petition of Henry Willis'" Setting forth that about 
seven Years ago there were surveyed for Richard Yarborough" 
of King William County 400 acres of land lying in the Fork 
of Rappahannock River in Spotsylvania County That the said 
Richard Yarborough nor any person for him hath hitherto 
sued out any patent for the said Land, neither is the survey 
thereof returned, into the Secretary's Office, whereby the pe- 
titioner conceived that the Entry and Survey of the said 
Yarborough is become void : And praying Leave may be 
granted him the petr. to enter for survey and take out a 
Patent for the said Land It is Ordered that unless the said 
Rich'd Yarborough being duly served with a copy of this 
Order do appear before this Board at the next Court of Oyer 
and Terminer and make out his pretensions to the said Land 
and show cause why he hath not hitherto sued out a Patent 
the same be granted to the petitioner. 

Whereas Henry Willis Gent did on the i6th. of June last 
past exhibit his petition to this Board, praying Leave to enter 
for 10,000 acres of Land in Spotsylvania County surveyed 
about 3 years ago for Edmund Jenings, Esq. William Jenings 



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I20 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

and James Taylor, and no Patent sued out for the same And 
the said Edmund Jenings, \\'iniam Jenings and James Tay- 
lor having had notice of the said petition and not appearing 
to make out their Claim to the said tract of Land It is Ordered 
that the said Henry Willis have leave to enter for and survey 
the said Land And that upon the Return of said Survey a 
Patent be granted him for the same upon his entering Rights 
for the quantity of Land aforesaid. 

At a Council held at the Capitol 

the 6th. day of ]\Iay, 1727 

Present 

The President 

Nathan' Harrison John Carter 

Peter Beverley Richard Fitzwilliam & 

John Robinson John Grymes Esqrs. 

Whereas Capt. \'incent Pearse Corn- 
Order for Ships mander of his May'"'^ Ship the Tartar is 
to go under Con- now bound out with divers Merchant Ships 
voy of C a p t. under his Convoy, and hath signified his 
Pearse of his Readiness to give the like Convoy to such 
M a t y s. Ship other Ships as shall join him upon his Re- 
Tartar turn. It is Ordered that the Naval Officers 
do give notice to the Masters of Ships in 
their respective Districts that if they intend to take any benefit 
of this Convoy they are to repair to the mouth of the York 
River before the loth. day of next month which is the place 
appointed for joining his Majesties said Ship ; And the said 
Naval Officers are further to signify to such of the said Mas- 
ters whose Ships cannot be ready by that time that as this 
l>oard judgeth it highly necessary for the Safety of the Trade 
that the Shijjs should go hence from time to time in Fleets 
wherein they may not only be better provided for mutual de- 
fence, but have also the guard of his Majesties Ships of War 
to protect them off this Coast they may expect a further Noti- 
fication of the time when and the place where another Fleet 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 121 

is to be formed, that so they may not run themselves into 
danger by going out singly, when by a short delay they may be 
secured from the danger of Privateers on this Coast. 

The following Warrants on the Receiver 
Warrants for General to be paid out of his Majesties 
the established Revenues were this day signed by the Pres- 
Sallerys etc ident in Council \TZ 
signed. Out of the 2S. per Hogshead etc. 

To the President for the Earl of Orkney 
and himself half a years Salary ending the 25th. of April iiooo 
To the Gentlemen of the Council half a years Salary to 

the same time 175 

To the Auditor General of the Plantations half a years 

Salary 50 

To the Solicitor of the Virginia Affairs half a years Salary 50 
To the Attorney General for the like Salary 20 

To the Clerk of the Council for the like Salary 50 

To William Prentis for half a years Salary for the Gun- 
ners of the * * * Battery s 20 
To the Armourer half a years Salary 6 
To Wm. Prentis for sundry Ministers attending this Gen- 
eral Court 6 
To Wm. Prentis for sundry Expresses and other Contin- 
gent charges I9"5"8:^ 
To the same for sundry Expenses in Repairing the Gov- 
ernor's House 45"5"5/^ 
And out of the Quit Rents 
To Mr. Commisionary Blair half a years Salary 50 
To the Attorney General half a years additional Salary 30 
John Robinson Esq. Absent. 

The Accompts. of his IMajesties Revenues 

Acct. of the of Quit Rents Port Dutys and Head money 

Revenue Pas'd. being examined by the Deputy Auditor were 

this day sworn to by the Receiver General 

and Certified by the President as usual. 

Sundry Patents for Land were this day 
Patents Signed. signed by the President in Council. 

Whereas divers Caveatts for stopping 



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122 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Patents have been entered in the Secretary's Office and were 
this day laid before the President in Council It is Ordered that 
the several persons entering the said Caveatts do attend this 
Board at the next Court of Oyer and Terminer and that they 
notify to the persons whose patents are desired to be stopped 
to attend at the same time ; to the end this Board may proceed 
to determine the pretensions of the several parties. 

The Commission of Peace for the County of James City 
which was ordered on the 2 1st. of last month not being yet 
issued It is Ordered that the several persons this day re- 
nominated at the Board be added to the Justices in the former 
Commission, And that a new Commission issue accordingly. 

On reading at this Board the petition of James Taylor Sur- 
veyor of Spotsylvania setting forth that the Dividing Line 
between the said County and that of Hanover which he run 
some years ago for his own Satisfaction being for want of 
due Assistance but slenderly mark'd out, is since by the new 
Settlements made thereon, cutt down in many places; And 
praying that for perpetuating the said Boundary, and avoiding 
the Confusion that must arise by interfering Entries with the 
respective Surveyors as well as the disputes which may happen 
touching the payment of Levys and other public dues, this 
Board may give such proper directions as they think fitt for 
ascertaining the Bounds between the said Countys. It is 
Ordered that the Courts of the respective counties of Hanover 
and Spotsylvania do appoint commissioners for settling the 
Dividing Line between the two Countys and to direct the 
Surveyors of the said Countys to mark out the same pur- 
suant to the directions of the Act of Assembly and to make 
report thereof to the respective County Courts to be entered 
of record. 

Examined 

Wil Robertson CI Con. 

Virginia 
Minutes of Council from the 14th. December 1726 to the 
6th. May following both days included. 



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Reced. wth. Mr. Carter's Letter of the 13th. May 1727. 
Reced i8th. July 

1727 

Read ^^' 

Virginia 

Journal of Council in Assembly'* 

May 1 2th. 1726. 

At a Council held at the Capitol August 17th. 1727 — 

Present 
The President 
Nath' Harrison Peter Beverley 
Cole Digges John Carter & 

John Grynies Esqrs. 

Mr. John Randolph'"* being admitted to 
Mr. Randolph to execute the Office of Clerk of the Council 
act as Clerk of upon the occasion of the sickness of Mr. 
the Council. Robertson He took Oath for the faithful 

execution thereof during the time of his 
acting therein. 

The President asking the Advice of the 
Assembly Pro- Council, what was to be done in Respect 
rogued. to the Meeting of the General Assembly 

which stood prorogued to the 6th, day of 
September It is the Opinion of the Board that it be further 
Prorogued to Thursday the i6th. of November. Ordered 
that Proclamation do Issue accordingly. 

Whereas a Letter was this day laid before 
Charges of try- the Board by the President wrote to him 
i n g pirates by Sr. Richd. Everard'* Barot. Governor 
brought from N. of the Province of North Carolina, con- 
Carolina. How cerning the transactions in the Governt. in 
to be paid. the apprehending Examination and convey- 

ing into this Colony several Pirates wherein 
Sr. Rich'd, desires that the expences of that Business which was 
considerable should be Repaid to the Province of North Caro- 
lina, by this Governt. It is the Opinion of the Council that 
all expences of the said prisoners untill they were brought 



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124 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

into Virginia Ought to be Defrayed by the Governt. of North 
Carolina, and the President is Desired to Signify the Opinion 
of the Board to Sr. Richard. 

And whereas it appears that Roger Kennyon, Andrew Freas- 
ure, George Hull, Jonathan Howard and John Cocke pursuant 
to their several Recognizances taken for that purpose in Caro- 
lina had Travelled from thence, and attended and given evi- 
dence on the Tryal of the said Pirates, It is Ordered that the 
Receiver Gen' do pay unto the said Roger Kennyon, Andrew 
Freasure, George Hull and Jonathan Howard Six pounds 
fifteen shillings apiece for their travelling and attendance. 
Unto John Cocke for the same £2.2.2. and unto Michael Grif- 
fin for the same ii.io.o. and unto Edw. Honcott for attend- 
ing as a Guard upon the Prisoners £1.19.0. and that he do 
also pay to the Prisoner Martha Farlee who was acquitted 
£1.10.0. to defray her expences in travelling home again. 

Whereas the board was informed that 
Incursion of the the Inhabitants of this Colony near Roa- 
Cattabavv I n- noak had lately been infested with a Com- 
dians. pany of the Cattabaw" Indians who had 

Committed Several Roberys upon them and 
that they expected they would return Soon with more con- 
siderable number and do more Mischief Not only to the Eng- 
lish Inhabitants, but to the Tributary Indians, and that was 
some reason from their insolent behaviour of late to Appre- 
hend they desired to take possession of Xtanna Fort in which 
there are Several Cattabaws at this time, and that they will 
do other acts of Hostility. 

r- 1 TT • Colonel Harrison is desired to take such 

Lolo. Harrison , , , , . 

, ^ measures as he shall thmk most Expedient 

empowed to pro- ^ . , _ ^ 

f^^t ,u 17 *• '^'1" protectnig the Frontiers against the In- 

tect the r rontier. : . '^ 

cursions of these Indians. 

On reading at this Board the petition of 

A petition for John Cosby and Charles Barret'" Setting 

deserted Land. forth that Benjamin Brown of the County 

of Hanover some years ago made an Entry 

for Sixteen Hundred Acres of Land in the said County and 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS I25 

sometime in the beginning of March ^IDCCXXV. made two 
Surveys the one for Eight Hundred acres of land lying on 
one or both sides the South Fork of little River and the other 
for Eight Hundred acres more laying on both sides of North 
Fork of the said River and have or might have had Platts 
of the said Surveys delivered to him which he hath neglected 
to loge in the Secretary's Office and hath taken no measures 
to obtain a Patent thereupon in contempt of the Orders of the 
Government and praying the said land may be granted to them 
according to Usage in Such Cases It is accordingly Ordered 
that the said Brown have notice to attend this Board at the 
next Court of Oyer and Terminer to Shew Cause why the 
said Land should not be granted to the Petitioners. 

At a Council held at the Capitol September the nth. 1727 

Present 

The Honble. William GooclV', Esq-^ His Maj"" Lieutenant 
Governor and Commander in Chief of the Colony and Do- 
minion of Virginia. 

Robert Carter Cole Digges 

James Blair^* Peter Beverley 

William Byrd John Carter & 

Mann Page John Grymes, Esqrs. 

A Patent under the great Seal of Great Britain bearing date 
at Westminster the loth. day of March, in the First year of 
the Reign of His late Majesty King George the First consti- 
tuting the Right Honble George Earl of Orkney His said 
late Majestys Lieutenant and Governor General of this Colony 
and Dominion. 

Also a Commission under the Signet and 
W m. Gooch Sign Manuel of His said late Majesty bear- 
Esqr. his au- ing Date at the Court St. James's the 23rd. 
thority to be day of January 1726-7 in the thirteenth year 
Lieutenant Gov- of His said late Majesty's Reign constitu- 
ernor published. ting and appointing the Honble. William 
Gooch Esqr. (in case of the death or the 



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126 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

absence of the Earl of Orkney) to be Lieutenant Governor of 
the said Colony and Authorizing & requiring him to execute 
and perform all and Singular the Power and Authority Con- 
tained in the aforementioned Commission granted to the said 
Earl. 

Together with a printed Proclamation issued by His Present 
Majesty King George the Second declaring that all Persons 
in any Office at the Demise of His late Majesty within the 
Kingdom of Great Britain, Ireland, or any of the Plantations 
shall continue in the execution of their respective Trusts and 
Employments. 

And a Commission under the great Seal 
Also his Com" of the High Court of Admiralty of Great 
of Vice Admiral Britain bearing date the 24th. day of March 
1726-7 constituting the said William Gooch 
Esqr. Vice Admiral of this His ^Majesty's Colony and Dominion 
of \'irginia. Were Severally Read and Published in the Place 
where the General Court is usually held. 

From whence the Lieutenant Governor 
He is Sworn in- with the Council repaired to the Council 
to Office. Chamber where His Honour took the Oath 

Appointed by Act of Parliament to be taken 
instead of the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy the Ab- 
juration Oath mentioned in the Act of Parliament made in 
the 6th. Year of the Reign of Her late Majesty Queen Anne 
Subscribed the Test and took the Oath for the faithful Dis- 
charge of the Office of Go\ernor and due observation of the 
Acts of Trade which said Oaths were Administered to him 
by Robert Carter, James lilair and William Byrd, Esqrs. three 
of the Members of His Maj"* Council. 

And then the said Lieut. Governor Ad- 
The Council ministered to the Several and Respective 
Sworn. Members of the Council here present the 

Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy the ab- 
juration Oath and the Test, together with the Oath of a Coun- 
cellor. 

(To be Continued) 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 127 

NOTES TO VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS. 

' John Robinson son of Christopher Robinson, Secretary of State of 
Virginia, was born in 1683 and died Aug. 24, 1749. His father, in 
iGij3. bequeathed £50 toward keeping him at school in England, and 
he no doubt was under the charge of his uncle, the Bishop, while there. 
His father bequeathed him i,iao acres on the Pianketank river, Mid- 
dlesex county, and he doubtless lived on this plantation when he re- 
turned to Virginia, as he represented Middlesex county in the House of 
Burgesses in the sessions beginning Nov. 7, 1711, and Nov. 16, 1714. 
In a letter from Governor Spotswood to the Lords of Trade, March 
9, 1713, he recommended to fill a possible vacancy in the Council, "Mr. 
John Robinson Nephew of ye present Bishop of London. He is now 
with his Uncle, and if he return hither, (which is yet uncertain) I 
hope y'r Lo'ps will a ford him ye hon'r of serving her Maj'ty in a 
Station he is well qualified for." In a letter to Bishop Robinson, 
dated March 13 of the same year, the Governor writes: "A vacancy 
happening in the Council here I am very desirous it should be supplied 
by one ot y'r Lo'p's Fami.y, assuring my Self y't such having always 
before their Eyes y'r Lo'p's Example will be true to ye Interests of 
ye Church and of ye State. I offer'd this fact to Mr. Christopher 
Robinson, but found him unwilling to quit on y't Acc't. of the Naval 
Officer's place. Upon w'ch I have now recommended to be added to 
ye Council Mr. John Robinson, one whose qualifications for that Trust, 
(I'm persuaded) are not inferior to any other in this Country. I 
should have been loath to loose him out of our House of Burgesses 
(where he has done remarkable service) were it not to give him an 
opportunity of serving her Maj'tie in a more hon'ble Station, and 
as I hope your Lo'p will not only approve, but encourage his accepting 
thereof, w'ch is the more necessary in regard he is not related to any 
of ye present Council, of which are two [too] many Already of one 
Kindred [the Burwell-Ludwell-Harrison connection;] and that he may 
with greater ease, support that Character I have reserv'd for him 
an Agency of considerable profile, which is lately erected at the Town 
where he lives [Urbanna?]." He also states that he is arranging to 
obtain a county clerkship for the younger brother, Benjamin. 

Notwithstanding the Governor's good wishes, John Robinson did 
not become a member of the Council until 1720. He retained his seat 
until the end of his life, becoming president of the body. On June 
20, 1749, on the departure of Governor Gooch for England, Robinson 
became acting Governor of Virginia ; but his tenure of office was ended 
by his death a few months later. 

John Robinson lived first in Middlesex and afterwards at "Piscataway" 
or "Piscataqua", in Essex. He married first, about 1701, Katherine, 
daughter of Major Robert Beverley, of Middlesex. (The second wife 
of Christopher Robinson, the emigrant, was step-mother alike of John 
Robinson and of his wife, Katherine Beverley.) John Robinson mar- 
ried secondly Mary, widow of Thomas Welch, and before of Francis 
Meriweather, and daughter of Lancelot Bathurst, of New Kent county. 
There is on record in Essex the marriage settlernent, dated Jan. 5, 
1 73 1, between Hon. John Robinson, of Spotsylvania Co., (where he 
seems to have lived a short time), and Mrs. Mary Welch, of Essex, 
widow. In addition to personal property, valued at upwards of £750, 
she owned 65 negroes. There was no issue by this marriage. 

John and Catherine Robinson had issue: I. Christopher. His birth 
on July 1st, 1703, is recorded as "sone of Mr. John Robinson and 
Aladani Catherine his wife" (Register). Foster's Oxford Malricu- 



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128 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

lotions has the following: "Robinson, Christopher, son of John, of 
Aliddlesex, Virginia, gent., Oriell Coll., matric, 12 July 1721, aged 18, 
B. A.. 1724; M. A. 1729; fellow at his death 20 April, 1738." 2. 
Mary, born Jan. 3, 1706-7, (Register). 3. John, Speaker of the House of 
Burgesses; 4. William; 5 Robert, born Oct. 20, 1711 (Register), Captain 
of an East Indiaman (the Cataract), buried at Gravesend ; 6. Katherine, 
born Feb. 23d, 1715 (Register). The Virginia Gazette, July 13-20, 
1739, contains a notice of her marriage: "On Thursday the 5th. inst. 
at Piscataqua, in Essex County, Mr. Peter IVagener, Attorney at Law, 
only sou the the Reverend and Worshipful Peter IVagener, Esq; of 
the County of Essex in England, was married to Miss Katy Robinson, 
only daughter of the Honorable John Robinson, Esq., one of his 
Majesty's Council, a Young Lady of very amiable qualifications." In 
Miss Lindsay's Lindsays of America it is stated that Peter Wagener, 
wiio married Catherine Robinson, was born at Sisted, Essex, Eng., 
April 5, 1 7 17, his father being rector of that place. There are num- 
erous descendants of this marriage ; 7. Henry ; 8. Beverley, of New 
York. 

'Col. William Fauntleroy, of "Naylor's Hole", Richmond County, 
was born in 1684 and died in 1757. He was son of William and 
Katherine (Griffin) Fauntleroy and grandson of Moore Fauntleroy, 
who came to Virginia about 1641 and became a man of prominence 
and estate. The emigrant brought with him a confirmation of his 
arms, issued to him in 1633. Not many years ago this document (a 
rare one for America) was the property of one of his descendants and 
is probably still preserved. It is as follows : "To all Singuler to 
whom these p'sents shall come Sr. John Boroughs Kt. Garter prin- 
cipall Kinge of Armcs of Englishmen sendeth greeting know yee that 
Moore fauntleroy Gent, sonne of John Fauntleroy, Gent: the only 
son of William Fauntleroy of Craitndall in the county of Southampton 
Gent, who bcare for his Coate Armour Gules three Infants heads 
coupcd Argent crined Or. which Amies they and their Ancestors have 
borne time out of mind and now being desired by the said Moore 
Fauntleroy Gent, to Imblazon and settforth his said Coat of Armes 
with the Crest thereunto belonging (that is to say) on a zureath of his 
Cullars A Flower de liz Or betjceen tiao Angells wings displayed 
Azure Mantled Gules doubled Argent as are more plainly depicted in 
the Margent hereof The which Armes and Crest before Expressed I 
the said John Borough Kt. Garter principall King of Armes of English- 
men, By yee authority annexed unto the office of Garter by the Sta- 
tutes of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Continued practice and the 
Letters Pattents of my said office, made unto mee under the grcatc 
Scale of England do by these p'sents declare assigne confirme & 
grant unto the aforesaid Moore Fauntleroy and to his issue & posterity 
to bee by them and of them borne with there due differences according 
to the Lawe of Armes for ever. In Witness whereof I have unto 
the.-^e present affixed the scale of Myne Office and subscribed my name 
Dated the Eight Day of December and in the year of our Lord God 
1633- 

Sr. John Borough, Garter." 

Col. William Fauntleroy of "Naylor's Hole" was a member of the 
House of Burgesses for Richmond County at the sessions of August 
1736, Nov. 1738, May 1740, Aug. 1740, May 1742, Sept. 1744, Feb. 
1745. July 1746. March 1747, Oct. 1748 and August 1749. He married 
Apphia, daughter of John Bushrod, of Westmoreland County. His 
will was dated Oct. 20. 1757 and proved Dec. 5, 1757. Legacies to 
sons William, Moore (including lands left to testator by his grand- 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS I29 

father Griffin), grandson George Hale Fauntleroy, son of son Moore; 
son John ; daughters Hannah Robinson, Apphia Dangerfield, Katherine 
Lewis, Mary Brooke and Ann Pettit ; grandson Henry Robinson; 
grandchildren Mary, Martlia, Lucy and Leroy Dangerfield ; daughter 
Sarah Gray and grandson Robert Brooke. He left a very large and 
valuable estate. 

His elder brother, Moore Fauntleroy, of "Crandall" near "Naylor's 
Hole", Richmond County, also left a large estate, his personal property 
being appraised at £4623. 10. 5. 

There is, or was in existence a few years ago, a letter book of 
William Fauntleroy, eldest son of Col. William, who succeeded him 
at "Naylor's Hole". Following are a few extracts from it: 

In a letter dated July 23, 1741, from William Fauntleroy, of Rap- 
pahannock, Virginia, to Mr. Joseph Younger, merchant, London, he 
desires to have sent "a handsome chear to go with two horses abreast 
and a whipp to have my name on it. P. S. I should be glad if I could 
have my Court of arms on the chear, if it would not cost much, which 
is three, infants heads." 

Under date ist. December 1752, to Messrs. Sydenham and Hodgson, 
merchants in London, he orders a "chariott" suited for a large family, 
harness for six horses, a whip, and his coat of arms on the chariot. 

September 10, 1758, is a letter, per Captain Likeley, of "The Guinea" 
from William Fauntleroy, to his sons William and Moore, then at 
school in Aberdeen, Scotland. Moore was to be a physician and study 
with his cousin George ; they were to be entered at The Temple for 
five years. There are a number of other letters in regard to these sons. 

In a letter, in 1761, to Mrs. Elizabeth Fauntleroy, in London, he 
says "Sally Fauntleroy is married to Dr. Mortimer, a fine man and 
gets by his calling some hundred pounds per year." 

The old home of the Fauntleroys at "Naylor's Hole", a large sand- 
stone house on the bank of the Rappahannock was demolished about 
thirty years ago. 

It is understood that an elaborate genealogy of the Fauntleroys is 
in course of preparation, to be published in book form by Miss Juliet 
Fauntleroy, of Alta Vista, Va. 

^ After the war with the colonists in 1711-13, during which the Tus- 
caroras had suffered severe loss, a large number of them fled to the 
North and were admitted into the Confederacy of the Iroquois, making 
the Sixth Nation. In 1713, Tom Blunt, the leading chief of the "North- 
ern Tuscaroras", who had been neutral during the war, made an agree- 
ment with the whites to attack the hostile portion of the tribe (or 
confederacy). In the same year by treaty with the government of 
North Carolina Blunt was made chief of the remnants of the tribes 
still remaining in that Colony. He appears to have been always friendly 
towards the Colonists. About 1802 the Tuscaroras who remained in 
North Carolina removed to the Tuscarora reservation in Niagara 
County, New York. 

* We are indebted to Dr. and Mrs. W. C. Stubbs, 701 Howard Ave., 
New Orleans, La. (whose recent book on the Cooke-Booth families 
of Gloucester Co., Va., was noticed in our January Magazine), for the 
first account of the Whitings, from the emigrant down, which has 
been printed. The almost entire desrtuction of the Gloucester records 
makes the preparation of such a genealogy difficult ; but the unequalled 
knowledge of the history of that county and its people, which Dr. and 
Mrs. Stubbs possess made work possible to them which would be 
impossible to others. The only additions to their contribution have 
been a few extracts from county records and references to Whiting 
data already in print. 



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130 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

The first of the Whitings in Virginia is believed to have been : 

1. Henry' Whiting, of Gloucester county, who is mentioned in the 
records of York county Feb., 1671-2, as "Dr. Henry Whiting." On April 
16, 1683 "Mr. Henry Whiting" was brought before the Governor and 
Council and accused that he had in the Session of Assembly, 1682, said 
"If care was not taken to make a cessation [of tobacco planting] we 
must all go a plundering." He was suspended from holding any 
military or civil office until his Majesty's pleasure be known. But 
the storm soon passed. Henry Whiting, who had in 1680 been a justice 
for his county, and major of horse in the militia, was appointed to the 
Council in 1691 and Treasurer of Virginia July 5, 1691-2. In 1670 
he brought suit in the General Court in right of his wife Apphia, 

widow of Richard Bushrod. He married secondly, Elizabeth , who 

was living in 1729 ( Abingdon Register). 

Issue: 2. Major Henry", of Gloucester county, sheriff 1723, died 1728. 
He married Ann, daughter of Peter Beverley, of Gloucester. There is on 
record in Middlesex a deed, dated Oct. 1744, from Ann, widow of Henry 
Whiting, of Gloucester Co., and eldest daughter and co-heiress of Peter 
Beverley, Esq. ; Dame Susanna Randolph, widow of Sir John Randolph, 
and Peter Randolph, of Henrico, eldest son of Elizabeth Randolph, late 
wife of William Randolph, of Henrico, said Elizabeth being second 
daughter of the said Peter Beverley, of the ist part; Thomas Whiting, 
the elder, and Bayley Seaton, of Potsworth parish, Gloucester, of the 
2d part, and Henry Whiting, of Middlesex, gent., of the 3d part; 
3. Col. Francis', of Ware Parish, Gloucester, sheriff 1718, married 
NIary (1684-1731-2), daughter of Thomas Perrin (and had issue: 
Francis'\ John', Elizabeth, born 1713, married Mordecai Cooke, and 
Mary, married Warner Washington) ; 4. Thomas", of Petsworth Parish, 

Gloucester, J. P. 1722, married , (probably a daughter of Matthew 

Kemp) (and had issue: Francis'', John", of King and Queen Co., Kemp*, 
and Matthew", who was sheriflf of Gloucester 1741) ; 5. Elizabeth", 
married 1723, John Clayton (1685-1774), botanist, and Clerk of Glou- 
cester county; 6. Catherine" (1694-1734) married John Washington, 
of "Highgate", Gloucester. Her tomb there has an epitaph stating she 
was daughter of Major Henry and Elizabeth Whiting, and also a coat 
of arms : Washington impaling : on a cliez'ron betivccn three tvolves 
Iieads. three trefoils. Crest: A u'olf's head (?). This must be intended 
for Whiting ; but none of the ordinary books of heraldry assign such 
a coat to any of the name. 

2. Major Henry" and Ann (Beverley) Whiting had issue: 7. Col. 
HenrjA', of Middlesex, sheriff of ithat county, 1745, will proved 

1765, married Joyce , (will proved 1771) and had no issue: 8. 

Major Peter" (of the text), sheriff of Gloucester 1727, married 
Anne, sister of Wilson Miles Cary, and had no issue ; 9. Col. Bev- 
crle\''\ of Gloucester. On Oct. 30, 1722, at the age of fifteen, he 
matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford, as "son of Henry Whiting, 
of Virginia, gentleman." He was a Burgess for Gloucester 1740- 1754 
and died in 1755. He married, in 1733, Mary Scaife, of King and 
Queen; 10. Francis', married in 1747, Frances (born 1728) daughter 
of John and Elizabeth (Throckmorton) Perrin. A suit given in 
Chalkley's Abstracts of Augusta County Records, II, 88, states that 
10. Francis" Whiting removed to Frederick or Berkeley county and 
died June 1775 (having issue: Henry\ died Oct. 1786, Beverley*, Fran- 
cis' Jr., and Ann, wife of Dolphin Drew); 11. Thomas', (1712-1781) 
of Gloucester Town, member of the House of Burgesses, continuously 
from 1755 to 1775, and also member of the Conventions of March 
and December 1775 and May 1776. He married (ist) Elizabetii Bev- 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS I3I 

erley (died 1749); (2d) Elizabeth Thrustoii (1740-1766), (3d) Eliz- 
abeth Seawell. An abstract of his will, with other notes on the Whit- 
ings was published in this Magazine, XVIII, 356-359. 

9. Bevcrle/ and Mary (Scaife) Whiting had issue: 12. John'', student 
at William and Mary 1752, etc.. Captain in the Revolution, married Mary, 
daughter of John and Mary (Booth) Perrin. See Cooke-Bootli book for 
issue; 13. Col. Scaife*, of "Glen Roy", Gloucester, justice 1794, died 1821 ; 
14. Mary, born 1735; I5- Ann, born 1738; 15. Peter Beverley\ of 
"Elmington", Gloucester Co., student at William and Mary 1752, etc., 
vestryman of Ware Parish, sheriff 1795, married Elizabeth, daughter 
of President Lewis Burwell, of "Carter's Creek", Gloucester. His 
son Peter B. Whiting, of Berryville, Clarke county, sold "Elmington" 
in 1803. 

John" Whiting, son of 3. Col. Francis" Whiting is said to have 
married a Miss Perrin. He had issue : Harriet, married John 
Linger, of Gloucester and Susannah (1775-Jan. 23, 1803) who married 
John L. Thruston. 

II. Thomas" Whiting (who married three times) had issue, 
twelve children, of whom' eight survived, viz: 16. Elizabeth; 17. 
Sarah; 18. Anne; 19. Catherine; 20. BeverleyS born March 10 
and buried Oct. 24, 1759; 21. William'; 22. Thomas Beverley*, born 

1758, married (ist) Whiting; (2d) Elizabeth Kennon, widow 

of John Perrin; 23. Susanna, married (ist), in 1780, Gibson Cluverious, 
(2d), in 1792, John Lowry ; 24. Jane, married Charles Grymes ; 25. 
Anne Beverley, married ist Major John Prosser. After divorce 
from him she married Fremont, a French dancing master, and was 
the mother of John C. Fremont ; 26. Henry' ; 27. Horatio Gates*. 

19. Thomas Beverley' and Elizabeth (Kennon) "VVhiting had issue: 28. 
Dr. Thomas", died unmarried; 29. Kennon^ born 1796, married Anne 
Wythe Mallory ; 30. Tomasia, d. s. p. 

29. Kennon' and Anne (Mallory) Whiting had issue: 31. Thomas 
B.*; 32. William Perrin"; 33. Henry Clay"; 34. Anne Bush"; 35. Eliza- 
beth Tomasia ; 36. Louisa Frances ; 37. Martha Kennon ; 38. General 
Julian Wythe, of Mobile, Alabama, who married Ida Gracey Lawler, 
of Mobile and died in 1916. General Whiting prepared a valuable chart 
of the family. He had issue: Ella W., Lessie Fairfax, Wythe L., 
and Montague, all married. 

The date given in the suit, (referred to above) of the death in 
Oct. 1786, of Henry' Whiting, son of 10. Francis^ Whiting identifies 
him with the Henry Whiting, born Dec. 19, 1748, whose, will was 
dated Oct. 27, 1786, and proved in Frederick county June 5, 1787. His 
legatees were his sons Carlyle Fairfax Whiting, George Braxton 
Whiting and Francis Beverley Whiting, wife Elizabeth and daughter 
Mary Blair Whiting. His brother Francis Whiting and Warner Wash- 
ington executors. 

This Henry* Whiting married, ist in 1777, Anne Fairfax, daughter 
of John and Sarah (Fairfax) Carlyle, of Alexandria, V'a.; 2d, Nov. 
16, 1780, Elizabeth, daughter of George Braxton. In the account of 
the descendants of John Carlyle, ilVillia)n and Mary Quarterly, XVIII, 
286-289. subsequently reprinted in book form) is an account of the 
descendants of Carlyle Fairfax Whiting. Tlic Blair, Banister and Brax- 
ton Faiiiilics, by Frederic Horner (Philadelphia, 1898), besides mis- 
cellaneous notes on the Whitings, contains a Bible record of the mar- 
riage of Henry Whiting and Elizabeth Braxton, and of the births of 
their children, and also an incomplete account of the descendants of 
George Braxton and Francis Beverley, sons of Henry Whiting (pp. 
176-199, 254, 255). 



132 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

4. Thomas^ Whiting had several children, named above. Three 
of these, Henry', Frances^ and Matthew', are noticed in Hayden's 
Virginia Genealogy, p. 178. From the statements there made it is 
evident that Francis^ was the Francis Whiting, of Fauquier county, 
whose will was dated Oct. 24, 1810 and proved Nov. 17, 1810. His 
legatees were his nephew, Matthew W. Brooke, Francis, son of 
his deceased nephew, Francis Brooke, Whiting Digges, son of his 
(the testator's) sister, Elizabeth Digges, Catherine Powell, Lucy In- 
gram, Martin, son of his nephew, Francis Brooke, Dorothy Kemp, 
and Elizabeth Dudley, daughter of "my wife's brother," Dudley Digges. 

Also in Hayden, pp. 194, 195, is an account of the descendants of 
George Braxton Whiting, and on p. 479 miscellaneous Whiting notes. 

" The first of the Langhornes in Virginia was Captain John Lang- 
horne who settled in Warwick county in or before 1675. He repre- 
sented that county in the House of Burgesses 1676-7. In 1681 he 
obtained a grant of 1970 acres in Warwick county on James River and 
Water's Creek, 1300 of which he had purchased in 1675 from William 
Whitby, Jr. The plantation on which several generations of the family 
lived was named "Gambell". The almost total destruction or removal 
of the Warwick records during the Civil War (years ago sheets from 
the old books of this county were on exhibition at an exposition in 
Denver) prevents any authoritative account of John Langhorne's im- 
mediate descendants being made. John Langhorne (of the text) is 
stated in the accounts of the family, to have been son of Capt. John, 
the emigrant ; but there is a sufficient period for another generation to 
have come in. John Langhorne, the second, was a Burgess for War- 
wick 1748 and 1749. From him the descent is established by proof. 
He had three sons: i. William, of "Gambell", Burgess for Warwick 
1772, 1773. 1774. 1775 and Member of Conventions of March and 
July. 1775, married Mary (?) Scarsbrook ; 2. Maurice, of Cumberland 
county, married Elizabeth Trotter ; 3. Jeremiah, of Langhorne Park, 
Bucks County, Pa., died without issue. The last named son is given 
in a manuscript genealogy. 

" At the session of October 1705 the Assembly appropriated £3000 
for building a house for the Governors. It was to be situated on a 
tract of 63 acres adjoining the City of Williamsburg, which had been 
bought from Henry Tyler, with the addition of as many lots as the 
directors of the City should deem fit. It was to be of brick, 54 feet 
in length and 48 in width, inside measurements, two stories high, with 
convenient cellars, one vault, sash windows of glass and with a cover- 
ing of stone slate. A kitchen and stable were also to be built and 
Henry Cary was appointed to be "overseer of the work." 

In October 1710 the house was unfinished. The Assembly then in 
session voted £1560 for completing the house, kitchen and stable, and 
also appropriated £635 additional, directing that a court-yard of di- 
mensions proportionate to the said house, should be laid out levelled 
and encompassed with a brick wall, four feet high, with balustrade 
of wood thereupon, and that a garden 254 feet long and 154 feet wide 
slujuld be laid out and levelled and encompassed by a brick wall four 
feet high with balustrades of wood upon the said wall, and a convenient 
kitchen garden laid out and enclosed with pales and an orchard and 
pasture ground made and surrounded by a ditch and good fence, and 
houses for cattle and poultry built with yards attached. £250 of the 
amount appropriated was directed to be used for the purchase of 
furniture. 

A list of the furniture ordered has been preserved. There were to 
be three dozen "strong fashionable chairs", three large tables, three 



■..'Hi! I 






VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 1 33 

large looking-glasses and four chimney glasses for the lower apart- 
ments, and also "one marble buffette or sideboard with a cistern and 
fountain." 

The "great room" in the second story was to be furnished with 
gilt leather hangings and sixteen chairs to match, two large looking 
glasses with the arms of the Colony on them, "according to the new 
mode", two small tables to stand under the looking glasses, two marble 
tables and eight glass sconces. There were to be a large looking glass 
for the largest bed-chamber, four chimney glasses for the other cham- 
bers, aiul "a great lanthorn" for the hall. 

Rev. Hugh Jones, writing in 1723 says that The Palace (as it was 
called) was a "magnificent structure, finished and beautified \yith g:ates, 
fine gardens, walks, a fine canal, orchards, etc." "Upon birth-nights 
and at Balls and Assemblies, I have seen as fine an appearance, as 
good diversions, and as splendid entertainment as I have seen anywhere 
else." 

Dr. Tyler gives in his "Williamsburg" (213-218) an interesting ac- 
count of the "Palace". He says the house occupied by Fauquier, 
Botetourt, and Dunmore was much larger than the earlier one, being 
74 by 68 feet. This new building was ready for occupancy in 1753. 
The first one was either added to or pulled down and another erected 
on its site. As there were no later legislative appropriations for the 
purpose the cost of the new building must have come from some 
fund under control of the Governor and Council, possibly quit rents. 
' Giles Cooke is believed to have been a son of Giles Cooke and a 
grandson of Mordecai Cooke, the emigrant to Gloucester county about 
1639. Giles, of the text, was tobacco inspector in Gloucester in 1714 
and a member of the House of Burgesses for that county 1720-1727. 
The tomb of Mrs. Mary (Cooke) Booth at Jarvis Farm, Gloucester, 
bears, impaled with Booth, or a fessc bclxvren hvo lions, passant, gules. 
See Tico Families of Vinjinia. Cooke and Booth, (New Orleans, 1923), 
by Dr. and Mrs. W. C. Stubbs. 

''Robert and Humphrey Brooke, were brothers, sons of Robert Brooke, 
of Essex county, the emigrant. Robert, of "Farmers Hall", was a 
noted Surveyor, Knight of the Horseshoe, etc., and died 1744. Hum- 
phrey lived in King William county, married a daughter of George 
Braxton, Sr., and died in 1738. A very extensive Brooke genealogy 
was published in this Magazine, Vols. XI-XX. 

Augustine Smith, son of Major Lawrence Smith, of Gloucester 
county, lived in St. Mary's Parish, Essex county. In 1722 he was one 
of the 111 St justices of Spotsylvania. His name appears very frequently 
in the records of that county. On July 14, 1722, Augustine Smith, of 
Spotsylvania Co., gent., sold to John Catlett and Richard Buckner, of 
Essex, for £120 Sterling, 4000 acres in St. George's Parish, Spotsylvania. 
On Oct. 6, 1732, he sold to Augustine Smith of Petsworth Parish. 
Gloucester county, 1000 acres in St. Georges Parish, formerly granted 
to Col. Augustine Warner and now in possession of the said Aug. 
Smith, of Gloucester. On Oct. 29, 1725, to Jonathan Gibson, Jr., of 
Essex, gent., 400 acres in Spotsylvania, patented by said Smith, Aug. 
21, 1719. On Nov. I, 1726 to his daughter, Mary Slaughter of Spot- 
sylvania 432 acres in the Fork of Rappahannock on the South side 
of "ye Mountain Run". On July 4, 1727, Major Augustine Smith of 
Spotsylvania to Ambrose Madison of King and Queen, 863 acres, part 
of a patent in 1719, On Nov. 5, 1728, Augustine Smith, gent., to 
Robert Slaughter, gent., both of Spotsylvania, 320 acres in St. Georges 
Parish. In 1729 he was one of the directors and trustees of the town 
of Fredericksburg. In Oct., 1730, he made a deed in which he is called 



134 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

"of St. Mary's Parish, Caroline, gent." In 1731 he was of St. Marks 
Parish (now Culpcper). On Nov. 2, 1731, he conveyed to his eldest 
son, Thomas Smith, of Spotsylvania, gent., 400 acres in Spotsylvania, 
where said Thomas has dwelt for some time past. On Nov. 5, 1734, 
Thomas Smith, of Prince William and Augustine Smith, sold the 
400 acres just noted. 

The will of Augustine Smith was proved in Orange county, July 
30, 1726 and names issue: i. Thomas, of Prince William; 2. Mary, 
wife of Robert Slaughter. There is a genealogy of this family in 
the IVilliain and Mary Quarterly IX, 42-44. 

The epitaph of George Braxton, Sr., at Mattopony Church, King and 
Queen county, is as follows : 

"Here lies the Body 

Of George Braxton Esq. 

Who Departed this Life 

the first Day of July 1748 

in the 71st. Year of his Age 

leaving issue a Son & two Daughters 

He died much lamented 

being a good Christian, tender Parent 

a kind Master and [illegible] Charitable 

Neighbor." 

This, the first of his name in Virginia first appears among the frag- 
ments of the records of King William county in 1703, when he signed 
a power of attorney as "George Bra.xton, of Virginia, merchant." 
Later he is styled Colonel George Braxton. He was a member of the 
House of Burgesses for King and Queen 1718, 1723 and probably other 
years. One of his daughters was Elizabeth, who married Humphrey 
Brooke, and was mother of George Brooke, of "Mantapike", King 
William county, colonel in the Revolution and Treasurer of Virginia. 
The son George Braxton, Jr., who was a member of the House of 
Burgesses for King William in 1748, and for King and Queen in 1758 
and 1761, in which latter year the House ordered a new election to fill 
the vacancy caused by his death. He married Mary (daughter of 
Robert Carter, of "Corotoman"), whose tomb is also at Mattapony 
Church, and was the father of George Braxton and Carter Braxton, 
the signer of the Declaration of Independence. 

Mattapony, an old Colonial Parish church, is a large cruciform build- 
ing. 

'William Daingerfield, or Dangerfield (the name is spent both ways) 
of "Greenfield," Essex County, was son of John Daingerfield, of Essex 
(will proved June 21, 1720).) and grandson of William Daingerfield, 
the emigrant, who patented land on the Rappahannock in 1667. Wil- 
liam Daingerfield, of "Greenfield," was a member of the House of 
Burgesses for Essex at the sessions of April, 1718, May, 1723, May, 
1726, Feb. 1727-8, and probably other years. He married Elizabeth, 
widow of William Tomlin, and daughter of Lancelot Bathurst, of New 
Kent County, who was 5th son of Sir Edward Bathurst, Bart., of 
Lechlade, Sussex. William Daingerfield's will was proved in Essex Nov. 
18, 1735. Ht' names his sons William and Edwin, and daughters Eliza- 
beth and Martha. 

Ther eis a genealogy of the Dangerfields in the William and Mary 
Quarterly, VIII, 96-100; IX, 188, 189; XII, 69, 70; XVII, 65, 66. 
Crozier's Sl^olsylvania Records (1905, contains valuable data as to the 
family in that county. 



iiiujii ffiioli)t;u '>^4"ii.: 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 1 35 

William Daingerfield, of "Greenfield" (an estate which remained 
in the family until 1821), had a grandson (son of his son William), 
William Daingerfield of Spotsylvania, a Colonel in the Continental Line, 
who married Mary, daughter of John Willis. His family Bible record 
(copied some years ago) has never been printed and is given below: 

Copy from Family record of Coll. William Dangerfield of Coventry, 
Spottsylvania County. Va., kept in a Bible in the possession of the 
late Judge Geo. W. Lewis. 
Coll. William Daingerfield and Mary Willis were married March lOth, 

1763- 

Our first child, a daughter, named Catharine, born the 25th of June, 
1764. William Daingerfield Snr., Beverley Stanard & Robinson Danger- 
field, Godfathers ; Elizabeth Beale, Hannah Chew & Elizabeth Dainger- 
field godmothers. Married 15th Octb 1789 to George Lewis. 

Our Second a daughter named Elizabeth was born Febry 8th 1766. 
Laskin Chew, William Woodford & George Weeden, Godfathers ; Eliz 
B. Stanard, Alice Chew & Frances Beale, Godmothers, married April 
2ist 1780 to Coll Charles Magill. 

Our third a son named John born Nov. 7th 1767, Lewis Willis & 
Francis Taylor Godfathers Hannah Beale and Mildred Chew God 
mothers married 22nd June A D 1787 to Francis Southall, second wife 
Eleanor B Armistead. 

Our fourth a son named William born Aug 5th 1769. Mordecai 
Buckner, Oliver Towles Godfathers, Mary Towles & Mary Dawson 
Godmothers, died 29th Sept. 1808. 

Our fifth a son named Henry was born June 27th 1771, James Maryes 
& John Lewis Godfathers, Hannah Chew (jodmother, married Aug. lOth, 
1793. to Eleanor Mynn Thurston. 

Our Sixth a son named Willis born April 12 1773 died 8th April 
1778. 

Our Seventh a daughter named Mary born March 3rd, 1775. Thomas 
Strachan & William Stanard Godfathers. Mrs. Strachan & Ann Bush- 
rod Meredith Godmothers. Married April 5th 1792 to Gawin Corbin 
Turberville. departed this life January 2nd 1809. 

Our eighth a daughter named Anna born Augst. 28th 1776 Richard 
Lowry Godfather Eliz Smith & Sarah Stewart Godmothers married 
i8th of Feby. 1794 to Hay Battaile. 

Our ninth a daughter named Sarah born Feby 3rd 1779 John Chew 
Junr Larkin Smith Godfathers Sarah Alexander Lee, Ann Beale & 
Catherine Daingerfield Godmothers was married 20th Aug 1807 to 
Nathaniel H. Hoe" 

^" Col. Henry Willis was a member of a family founded in Virginia 
by his great uncle. Col. Francis Willis, a native of the parish of St. 
Fowles als St. Algates in the City of Oxford, who came to the Colony 
before 1640, was frequently in the House of Burgesses and a Coun- 
cillor 1658-1675, when he returned to England. He died in 1691 leav- 
ing a considerable estate. His will is in Water'e Glcaninys. Henry 
Willis, the younger was Burgess for Gloucester 1718, 1720, 1722, 1723, 
1726, 1727-8. In 1727 when Fredericksburg was laid out he was one 
of the first trustees. He eventually removed to that place and made 
his home on "Willis' Hill," one of the heights made famous during the 
great battle. 

During Col. Byrd's "Progress to the Mines" in October 1732, he 
went from Germanna to Fredericksburg. "I got about seven o'clock to 
Col. Harry Willis's, a little moistened with the rain ; but a Glass of 
good Wine kept my Pores open x x x I was obliged to rise early here 



136 VIRGIxMA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

tliat I might not starve my Landlord, whose constitution requires liim 
to swallow a Beef Steak before the Sun blesses the world with its 
genial Rays. However he was so complaisant as to bear the gnawing of 
his Stomach, till 8 o'clock for my sake. Col. Waller after a Score of 
loud athems to clear his Throat, broke his fast along with us. When 
this necessary affair was dispatched, Col. Willis walk't me about his 
Town of Fredericksburg, x x x The inhabitants are very few. Be- 
sides Colo. Willis, who is the top man of the place, there are only one 
Merchant, a Taylor, a Smith and an Ordinary keeper x x It happened 
to be Court day there x x The Colo, brought 3 of his Brother Justices 
to dine with us, namely John Taliaferro, Majf Lightfoot & Captain 
Green, and in the Evening Parson Kenner edified us with his Company." 

Henry 'W'illis married (I), Nov. 2. 1714, Ann, widow of John Smith, 
of "Purton," and daughter of David Alexander; (2d.) Oct. 30, 1726, 
Mildred, widow of John Brown, and daughter of John Howell; (3d.) 
Jan. 5, 1733, Mildred, widow of Roger Gregory, and daughter of Law- 
rence Washington. Col. Willis had eleven children. 

For account of the family see A Sketch of the Willis Family, by 
P>. C. & R. H. Willis, Richmond, Va., n. d., and Williamund and Mar\ 
Quarterly, Vols. V. and VL 

In Spotsylvania, June 4, 1741, John Grymes and Francis Willis 
qualified as executors of the will of Henry Willis, which was dated 
July 7, 1740. The will was probably recorded in the General Court. 

The tomb of Ann Rich, wife of Francis Willis (brother of Col. 
Henry), who died in 1727, is in Ware Church, Gloucester County. It 
bears (impaling Rich), three griffins passant in pale, for Willis. 

"In 1704 John Yarborough owned 150 acres in King William, and 
Richard Yarborough 350 acres. In Spotsylvania, June i, 1761, William 
Garrett and Elizabeth, his wife, sold 600 acres to Alsop Yarbrough, of 
Hanover County. 

'"The title "Journal of Council in Assembly" is an error. These min- 
isters are of the Council as an executive body. 

"Sir John Randolph, of Williamsburg, son of William Randolph, of 
"Turkey Island," Henrico County, the emigrant, was born in 1693 and 
died March 9, 1737. He was educated at William and Mary and going 
to England was admitted to Gray's Inn May 17, 1715, as "John Ran- 
dolph of Virginia, gent." and was called to the Bar Nov. 25, 1717. 
(Wm. & Mary Quarterly XXI, 25-28). He shortly afterwards re- 
turned to the Colony and was appointed clerk of the House of Bur- 
gesses. For some reason he was not appointed on the first day of 
the session, for Thomas Eldridge who was appointed clerk on April 
23rd, 1718, had doubtless agreed to be a seat-warmer for Randolph. 
Eldridge resigned on April 28 and on the same day, John Randolph pre- 
sented a commission from the Governor (for the clerk of the House 
was then appointed by the Governor) and qualified. He held his 
clerkship until April 22, 1734, when he resigned. 

On March 8, 1728, Randolph was appointed an agent for Virginia in 
England and directed to solicit the House of Commons for favorable 
action on a petition in regard to the tobacco trade. On June 28, 1731, 
he was again appointed agent. 

It has been suggested that the idea of a warehouse system embodied 
in Walpole's famous Excise Bill in 1733, could be traced to the 
views of the Virginia House of Burgesses as represented by Randolph. 
The editor of the Journals of the House of Burgesses 1727-40 (Rich- 
mond 1910) p. XIV says: "The scheme embodied in the Excise Bill 



I.. 'J 






,tt\l di. VIIU( It'. • 




Sir Jiiu.x Raxdolimi, K.\t. 



From poi tiait at 

William and Mary Colleije. 



Photograph by H. P. Cook, 
Richmond. Va. 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 1 37 

was, in l^are outline, to require that all tobacco brought into England 
should come in duty free but should be stored in public warehouses, 
and when taken from there for home consumption taxed at a fair rate, 
no tax whatever, however, being imposed on it when exported. The 
scheme was an eminently wise one from almost every point of view; 
smuggling would have been diminished, the revenues increased, honest 
traders encouraged, the troublesome question of rebates done away with, 
and the colonial producers of tobacco (being able either in person or 
through agents to examine the books kept at the warehouses) would 
not have been so often defrauded by dishonest meichanrs. The peo- 
ple of Virginia were heartily in favor of the bill. Sorre time before 
the measure was introduced, the General Assembly sent an agent to 
England to ask that an act of this nature be passed ; and his assistance 
must have been highly valued by the minisrty, for before his return 
to Virginia he had been knighted by the king." 

On his return from his first agency the House of Burgesses, re- 
solved, unanimously, "That the sum of one thousand Pounds be paid 
to John Randolph, Esq. for defraying his expenses in Great Brittain 
and his late Voyage thither and returning; And as a recompense for his 
faithful and Industrious Application there in the service of this Colony 
according to the trust imiposed in him ; Whereby was obtained the 
Repeal of a Clause of an Act of Parliament made in the Ninth Year 
of the Reign of the late King George the first, prohibiting the Im- 
portation of Tobacco stript from the Stalk or Stem into Great Brittain." 

On Aug. 24, 1734 John Holloway, Speaker of the House of Bur- 
gesses resigned on account of feeble health and Sir John Randolph 
was chosen to succeed him. On Aug. 5, 1736, at the beginning of a 
new session Mr. (Edwin) Conway nominated for Speaker, Sir John 
Randolph "as a Gentleman of such known Ability and Integrity ; so 
worthy and so eminent, that he expected he was already chosen in the 
Minds of all them present." 

Benjamin Harrison of Charles City, seconded by Charles Carter of 
King George and Edmund Berkeley of Middlesex, nominated John 
Robinbon. of King and Queen, "But Mr. Robinson standing up in his 
Place, declared. That he did not expect to be made a Competitor with 
the Gentlemen that had been named ; that he was no ways qualified ; 
and prayed that Sir John Randolph might be chosen without any 
opposition," which was done. Sir John's speeches when taking the 
chair are in the Journal of the House of Burgesses, 1727-40 (Rich- 
mond 1910), pp. 175, 176, 239, 240. 

Sir John represented William and Mary College in the House when 
he was chosen Speaker, and was Treasurer of the Colony 1734-1736. 
In 1736 he was elected recorder of the Borough of Norfolk. 

He appears to have been considered the head of the bar of his 
time and to have been generally regarded as a man of great talents 
and acquirements. He left in manuscript reports of cases in the Gen- 
eral Court of Virginia, these together with reports by Barradall, have 
been edited by another learned lawyer, the late Major R. T. Barton, 
of Winchester, Va. (2 vols., Boston, 1909). 

Major Barton says "That he was an able lawyer comes down as the 
testimony of all his contemporaries, and is fully sustained by a review 
of his arguments in the many important cases he was engaged in." 

The editor of the reports evidently finds it difficult to understand 
how a court (the General Court) composed of country gentlemen, 
who were not lawyers, could have come to any decision in many of 
the cases which came before them. They, however, had in many in- 
stances, some legal training, owned and read law books, and pre- 



138 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

vioiisly to ascending the General Court bench had much valuable prac- 
tical experience in the county courts. They also had the aid of their 
clerk and (when he was not personally engaged) of the attorney 
general. 

Major Barton adds; "It is hard to read these arguments of the 
often intricate and abstruse points of law and rules of practice, ad- 
dressed to a body of country gentlemen, educated in every thing ex- 
cept the art of special pleading, and understand how they could pa- 
tiently listen to them or in any wise profit by them. And yet they 
did listen, and sometimes decided cases upon purely technical ques- 
tions. And the records show that they had opinions on these subjects, 
for the Court was frequently divided on them." 

The Acts of the Privy Council, Colonial Scries (6 vols., London, 
1908-1912) contain a number of entries in regard to appeals from the 
Virginia General Court. Where the decision is given in this printed 
Calendar (which is not always the case) there are recorded thirty 
six Virginia appeals. Of these in 19 cases the judgment of the Vir- 
ginia Court is confirmed, in one remitted to Virginia for additional 
evidence as to facts, in three reversed in part, and in thirteen re- 
versed. 

Though these appeals were, in name, to the whole Privy Council, 
they were, in fact decided by the Committee of Appeals, composed of 
the law members. 

His nephew, William Stith, says that he (Randolph) intended to write 
a preface to the laws of Virginia," and therein to give an historical 
account of our Constitution and government, but was prevented from 
prosecuting it into effect by his many and weighty public employ- 
ments and by the vast burden of private business from his clients." 
Stith made use of the materials his uncle had collected. 

The following obituary notice of Sir John appeared in The Vinjinia 
Gazette for the week ending March 11, 1736-7: 

"Williamsburg, March 11, — On Monday last, the Hon. Sir John 
Randolph, Knt., Speaker of the House of Burgesses, Treasurer of 
this Colony, and Representative for William and Mary College, was 
interred in the Chapel of the said College. He was, (according to 
his own Directions) carried from his House to the Place of Inter- 
ment, by Six honest , industrious, poor House-keepers of Bruton Parish ; 
who are to have Twenty Pounds divided among them : And the Rev. 
Mr. Dawson, one of the Professors of that College pronounced a 
Funeral Oration in Latin. His Corps was attended by a very numerous 
Assembly of Gentlemen and others, who paid the last Honours to him, 
with great Solemnity, Decency, and Respect. He was in the 44th. 
Year of his Age. 

He was a Gentleman of one of the best Families in this Country. 
Altho' what Livy says of the Romans, soon after the Foundation of 
their City, be very applicable to us here (in novo populo, ubi omnis 
repentina nobilitas fit,) yet his family was of no mean Figure in 
England, before it was transplanted hither. Sir Thomas Randolpli 
was of a Collateral Branch, which had the Honour, in several important 
Embassies, to serve Q. Elizabeth, one of the wisest Princes that ever 
sat on an English Throne, very nice and difficult, and happy, even to 
a Proverb, in the choice of her Ministers. Among these. Sir Thomas 
made no inconsiderable Figure, and is acknowledged to have been a 
Man of great Parts and Ability, and every Way equal to the Em- 
ploiments which he bore. Mr. Thomas Randolph, the poet, was great 
Uncle to Sir John. An immature Death put a Stop to his rising Genius 
and Fame ; but he had gained such a Reputation among the wits of his 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 139 

age, that he was exceedingly lamented; And Ben Johnson always ex 
pressed his Love and Esteem for him, calling him by no other Title, 
but that of Son. The family were high Loyalists, in the Civil Wars, 
and being entirely broken and dispersed. Sir John's father resolved 
(as many other Cavaliers did) to take his Fortune in this Part of the 
World. 

By his Mother's side, he was related to the Ishams of Northampton- 
shire, an ancient and eminent Family of that County. 

Sir John discovered, from his earliest Childhood, a great Propensity 
to Letters. To improve which, he was first put under the Care of a 
Protestant Clergyman, who came over among the French Refugees. 
Rut afterwards he received a fuller and more complete Education in 
William and Mary College; for which Place (with a gratitude usual 
to Persons who make a proper use of the Advantages, to be reached 
in such Seminaries) he always expressed the greatest love and Respect 
not only in Words, but by doing real and substantial Services. He 
finished his Studies, in the Law, in Gray's Inn, and the Temple, and 
having put on his Barrister's Gown, returned to his Native Country ; 
where from his very first appearance at the Bar, he was ranked among 
the Practitioners of the first Figure and Distinction. 

His Parts were bright and strong, his learning extensive and use- 
ful. If lie was liable to any Censure in this Respect, it was for too 
great a Luxuriancy and Abundance; and what Quinctilian says of 
Ovid, may, with great Propriety, be applied to him; Quantum vir illc 
praestare potuerit, si ingenio suo temperare quam indulgre moluisset 1 

In the several Relations of a Husband, a Father, a Friend, he was 
a most extraordinary Example ; being a kind and affectionate Husband, 
without Fondness or Ostentation ; a tender and indulgent Parent, with- 
out Weakness or Folly; a sincere and hearty Friend, without Profession 
or Flattery. Sincerity indeed, ran through the whole Course of his 
Life, with an even and uninterrupted Current; and added no small 
Beauty and Lustre to his Character, both in Private and Publick. 

As he received a noble Income, for Services in his Profession and 
Emploimcnts, so he, in some Measure, made a return, by a most gen- 
erous, open, and elegant Table. But the Plenty, Conduct, and Hospi- 
tality which appeared there, reflect as equal Praise on himself and his 
Lady. 

Altho' he was an excellent Father of a Family, and careful enough 
in his own private Concerns, yet he was even more attentive to what 
regarded tiie interests of the Publick. His Sufticiency and Integrity, 
his strict Justice and Impartiality, in the Discharge of his Offices, 
are above Commendation, and beyond all reasonable Contradiction. 
Many of us may deplore a private Friend ; but what I think all ought 
to lament, is the loss of a publick Friend; an Asserter of just Rights 
and liberties of Mankind ; an Enemy to Oppression ; a Support to the 
Distressed ; and a Protector of the Poor and indigent, whose cause he 
willingly undertook, and whose Fees he constantly remitted, when he 
thought the Paiment of them would be grievous to themselves or fami- 
lies. In short, he always pursued the Publick Good, as far as his 
judgment would carry him; which, as it was not infallible, so it may, 
without Disparagement to any, be placed among the best, that have 
ever been concerned in the Administration of the Affairs of this Colony. 

The following particular may perhaps be thought trifling. How- 
ever, I cannot help observing, that all these accomplishments received 
an additional Grace and Ornament from his Person ; which was of the 
finest Turn imaginable. He had to an eminent Degree, that ingenua 
totius corporis pulchritude & quidam senatorius decor, which Pliny 



140 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

inentions, and which is somewhere not unhappily translated. 'The 
Air of a Man of Quality.' For there was something very Great 
and Noble in his Presence and Deportment, which at first sight be- 
spoke and highly became, that Dignity and Eminence, which his Merit 
had obtained him in this Country." 

The Virginia Gazette of April 20, 1739, says: "A beautiful Monu- 
ment of curious Workmanship, in Marble, was lately erected in the 
Chapel of the College of William and Mary, to the memory of Sir 
John Randolph, Knight, who was interred there; and which has the 
following inscription upon it : 

Hoc juxta marmor S. E. 

Johannes Randolph, Eques.: 

Hujus Collegii dulce Ornamentum, Alumnus 

Insigne Praesidium Gubernator 

Grande Columen Senator, 

Gulielmum Patrem Generosum 

Mariam ex Ishamorum Stirpe 

In Agro Northamptoniensi Matrem 

Praeclaris dotibus honestavit 

Filius natu Sextus 

Litcris Hunianioribus 

Artibusque ingenuis fideliter instructus 

(lUi quippe fuerat turn Eruditionis, 

Tuni Doctrinae sitis nunquam explenda.) 

Hospitium Graiense concessit 

Quo in Domicilio 

Studiis unice deditus 

Statim inter Legum peritos excelluit, 

Togamque induit ; 

Causis validissimus agendis 

In Patriam 

Quam semper habuit charissimam reversus 

Causidici 

Senatus primum Clerici deinde Proclocutoris, 

Thesuarii 

Legati ad Anglos semel atque iterum missi 

Glaucestriae demum Curiae Judicis Primarii 

Vices arduas honestasque sustinuit 

Pcrite, graviter integrc; 

Quibus in Muniis 

Vix parem habuit 

Superiorem certe Neminem 

Hos omnes quos optime meruit Honores 

Cum ingenua totius Corporis pulchritude 

et quidam Senatorius decor, 

Tum eximium Ingenii acumen 

Egregie iliustrarunt 

At Aequitas sumni juris expers 

Clientum fidele omnium 

Pauperorum sine Mercede Patrocinium 

Hospitium sine luxu splendidum 

Veritas sine fuco 

Sine fastu charitas 

Ceteris Animi Vertutibus 

Facile praeluxerunt. 

Tandeum 

Laboribus Vigiliisque fractus, 




David Meade 



il/AfI 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS I4I 

Morboque lentissiino confectus 

Cum sibi satis, sed Amicis, sed Reip ; parum vixisset, 

Susannam 

Petri Beverley, Amigeri 

Filiam natu minimam 

Conjugem delectissimam, 

(Ex qua tres Filios Filiamque unicam susceperat) 

Sui magno languentem desiderio 

Relequit 

Sixto Non : Mar: Anno Dom: 1736-7 

Aetate ; 44. 

This tablet was destroyed in the fire of 1859; but another tablet 
bearing this same inscription has been erected. 

Sir John Randolph married Susanna, daughter of Peter Beverley of 
Gloucester County, and had issue: i. John, who was admitted to the 
Middle Temple April 8, 1745, and called to the Bar Feb. 9, 1749. He 
was Attorney General of Virginia, and father of Edmund Randolph ; 
2. Peyton, President of the Continental Congress. For biographical 
sketch and portrait see this Magazine XXXII, 102-104; 3- Beverley; 
4. Mary, married Philip Grymes of "Brandon". 

^* Sir Richard Everard, 4th Baronet of Langley's, Essex, England, 
(which he sold to discharge debts with which it was encumbered) 
served as a young man as a captain in the army ; but resigned on his 
marriage with Susanna, daughter of Richard Kidder. Bishop of Bath 
and Wells. Sir Richard was Governor of North Carolina. Just be- 
fore his departure from the Colony in 1731 his daughter Susanna 
married David Meade (1710-1757), of Nansemond County, Virginia. 
The Ex-Governor died at this house in Red Lion Street, Holbourne, 
London, F"eb. 17, 1732. 

The only detailed account of the descendants of David and Susanna 
Meade is in P. H. Baskervill's "A^idrew Meade of Ireland and 
Virginia, His Ancestors and Some of His Descendants and Their 
Connections" (Richmond, 1921), which also contains good accounts of 
the Everards, Kidders, etc. We are indebted to Mr. Baskervill for 
permission to use the cuts of the portraits of David Meade and 
Susanna Everard his wife, which appeared in his book. These por- 
traits were in the possession of the late Mrs. Benjamin B. (Lila Meade) 
Valentine. 

A celebrated English genealogist has spoken of "roj'al descents", 
as being "the common possession of all middle-class Englishmen," and 
a London clergyman, who, some years ago, wrote a little book on the 
subject, says that he married a plumber's daughter to a policeman, 
and that between them they were descended from all the sons of 
Edward I. 

The Everards, however, had a much rarer "royal descent". They 
could trace to that Duke of Clarence, brother of Edward IV and 
Richard III, who married Warwick, the Kingmaker's daughter. There 
is also in the line a brother of Cardinal Pole. 

'" The Catawba were, with the exception of the Cherokee, the most 
populous and important tribe in the Carolinas. Lawson, of North 
Carolina, found Virginia traders among them in 1701. They were 
almost constantly friendly to the whites ; but were often at war 
with Iroquois, Shawnee, Delawares and Cherokee. In retaliation for 
the raids of the Iroquois and other Lake tribes into their country, 
the Catawba sent small scalping parties into Ohio and Pennsylvania. 
Warfare and disease reduced their number to "a pitiful remnant" be- 



142 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

tore the close of the i8th century. It was, no doubt, one of these 
scalping parties, which caused the complaint given in the text. 

'"The grant referred to above was issued on Sept. 28, 1730, and 
is stated to be for land adjoining tracts already ownied by Cosby and 
Barret. Between 1730 and 1740 John Cosby received six grants of 
land, the last being on June 10, 1740, for 3,000 acres, which included 
and confirmed former grants "on both sides of the Tan Fatt [Vat J 
branch of the Little River in Hanover, adjoining the lands of Captain 
Overton, Barret and others." Louisa county was formed from Hanover 
in 1742 and the greater part of John Cosby's lands were in the new 
county. He died in 1761 and his will was proved in Louisa. He left 
795 acres in Hanover to his son John, 1,200 acres of the tract in 
Louisa where testator lived (about 3,000 in all) to his son William, 
and the remainder of his Louisa tract to two grandsons. John Cosby 
married (ist) Martha, daughter of Peter Garland, and (2d), about 
1750 Ann (Meriwether) Johnson, widow. No issue by 2d marriage. 

John and Martha (Garland) Cosby had issue: i. John, married 
Mary Wingfield ; 2. William, married Minor or Carr ; 3. James, mar- 
ried, 1745, Sarah Nelson ; 4. Mary, said to have married Bartelot An- 
derson ; 5. Amy, married — Duke ; 6. Ann, married Griffith Dick- 

erson ; 7. Elizabeth, married Snelson. 

Charles Barret is said, by tradition in one line of his descendants, 
to have been a native of England. He was a Burgess for Louisa 
County at the sessions of May 1742, Sept. 1784, Feb. 1745, July 1746, 
March 1747, Oct. 1748, and April 1749. His will was probably in the 
earliest will book of Louisa, which has been lost or is much mutilated. 
He married Mary Leigh, and had issue; at least three children: i. 
Charles, will dated Sept. 10, 1770, proved June 1771, legatees, wife Mary, 
son Charles, "children" (not naming them), and brother Robert; 2. Rev. 
Robert, for many years minister of St. Martin's Parish, Louisa. He 
went to England for ordination, and received the usual royal bounty 
on Dec. 3, 1737. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Lewis, of 

Belvoir, and died in Albemarle County in 1805; 3. Anne, married 

Dabney. 

A much worn memorandum fo the will of Mary, wife of Charles 
Barret, Sr. (which is of record in Louise), shows that it was dated 
in St. Martin's Parish, Hanover. Dec. 3, 1740, and proved Feb. 1740- (41). 
Her legatees were her sons Charles and Robert and daughter Ann 
Dabney. 

Charles Barret, Burgess for Louisa at the sessions of March 1756. 
Sept. 1756, April 1757, and March 1758, was doubtless Charles Bar- 
ret, Jr. 

'"Sir William Gooch came of a family long resident in Sufifolk, 
England. He was grandson of William Gooch, Esq., of Mettingham, 
in that shire, and son of Thomas Gooch, who died in 1688. Governor 
Gooch was born Oct. 22, 1681, and died Dec. 17, 1751. He served as an 
officer in the army. He was Governor of Virginia for twentv-two years 
and left in August, 1749, amid the regrets of the people. Pages 414-449 
of Campbell's History of Vinjinia give an account of Gooch's admin- 
istration. In 1740 Colonial troops took part in the unsuccessful ex- 
pedition against Carthagena. After the death of Major General Alexander 
Spotswood, just as the troops were about to sail, Gooch took command 



and the regiment was known as "Col. Gooch's American Regiment." 
PVoni between Sept. and Dec. 1740, until about July 25, 1741, Dr. James 
Blair, President of the Council, actcxl as Governor during Gooch's 
aijsence. William Gooch was created a baronet in 1740. H 
Rebecca Staunton, whose will, dated 1773 and proved 1775 in 



married 
the Pro- 



.4?-: i?-.rM jo 




Susanna Evekakd, Wife of David Meade 



f I 10 



./. AS?/^>'t 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 143 

bate Court of Canterbury, has been published in the William and Mary 
Quarterly XXIII, 173-175; in it she says she would have made a be- 
quest to repair and keep up the burying-place at York in Virginia, 
where her son, grandson and brother lie, but that she has been so badly 
treated in regard to the matter, she therefore omits it. She left her 
gilt sacrament cup to William and Mary College, the place of her son's 
education. This beautiful cup, with her arms, now belongs to Bruton 
Church, Williamsburg. She also makes bequests to Warner Lewis 
of Virginia. 

Governor and Lady Gooch had an only child, William, who married 
Eleanor, daughter of James Bowles, of Maryland. William Gooch, the 
younger, died without issue, and his widow married, about 1746, Warner 
Lewis, of "Warner Hall," Gloucester County. 

Burke's Baronctayc states that Governor Gooch had an uncle, Wil- 
liam Gooch, who died in 1653. Dr. Tyler conjectures that this may be 
Major William Gooch, of York County, Va., member of the Council, 
who died in 1655, aged 29, and whose tomb is at the site of the old 
York Churcii near Yorktown. Major William Gooch left an only 
daughter Anne, who married Thomas Beale. Lt. Col. Henry Gooch, 
of York County, a contemporary of Major William Gooch, was ancestor 
of the Virginia family of the name. See ll'iUiam and Mary Quarterly 
V, 1 10- 1 12. 

'■'James Blair, D. D., founder and president of William and Mary 
College, member and President of the Council. For biographical sketch 
and portrait see this Magazine, XXXI, 84-87. 

(To be continued) 



3d oT 



144 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



VIRGINIA QUIT RENT ROLLS, 1704 
(Continued) 



King and Queen County 

A True Account of the Lands in King & Queen County 
as it was taken by Robt. Bird, Sheriff, in the year 1704. 





ACRES 


Alford, John 


200 


Austin, Dan" 


80 


Asque, John 


320 


Adams, John 


200 


Arnold, Edw** 


150 


Allen, Thomas 


100 


Adkinson, John 


250 


Austin, Thomas 


100 


Adamson, David 


100 


Anderson, Rich'd 


650 


Allcock, Dorothy 


150 




2300 


B 




Baker, Wm. 


350 


Beverley, Robt. q'' 


3000 


Bennett, Alexander 


200 


Breeding, George [Breeden] 


200 


Bennett, Wm. 


150 


Bowles, Rob' 


100 


Bennett, Sawyer 


150 


Baylor, John 


3000 


Bell, Roger 


150 


Burford, Wm. 


150 



00$ 

o8 
cr.f. 



(y:>i, tuio\ .nueruilbA 

ooi 

■."<)i 



a 

r>oc i- 

OOi 



op I .in .-■ >' ■■■■' ''^'t 



VIRGINIA QUIT RENT ROLLS, I704 1 45 



' 


ACRES 


Bray, John 


230 


Blake, Wm. 


290 


I Boisseau, James Quarf 


900 


Blake, Wm. Juir- 


210 


Brown, Lancelet 


385 


Burch, Jn° 


100 


' Burch, Wm. 


100 


Brown, Tho: Blakes Land 


300 


Bridgforth, James 


355 


Bagley, Robt. 


550 


Banks, Wm. 


1079 


Bullock, John 


200 


1 Bird, Wm. 


572 


] Broach [Brock?], Jn° 


1200 


Braxton, Geo. 


2825 


Blanchet, John 


125 


Bowker, Ralph 


330 


Bine, Edm** 


III 


Barber, James 


750 


Burgess, Wm. 


100 


Bond, Jn° 


100 


Breemer, John 


1 100 


Bland, Henry 


150 


Breemer, John Jun-" 


2CX) 


Bowden, Tho: 


150 


Barton, Andrew 


150 


Barlow, Henry 


200 


Baskett, John 


150 


Batterton, Tho. 


100 


Baker, James 


322 


Bell, Robt. 


150 


Bocus, Reynold 


150 


Bourne, George 


200 


Bird, Robt. 


1324 



22535 



OOQ 

OOl 
OOl 

III 

orv 

OOI 
CO I 

OOT ( 



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146 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



ACRES 

Cane, Jn" 300 

Chessum, Alexand"^ 150 

Cook, Benjamin 200 

Cook, Thomas Jun"^ 50 

Cook, Thomas Sen"" 100 

Cook, John 50 

Clayton, John 400 

Chapman, Mary 200 

Clayton, Jeremy 325 

Crane, W™ 120 

Camp, Thomas 250 

Carleton, Christ" 200 

Carleton, Jn" 300 



Carter. Tinr 



350 



Coleman, Tho. 300 

Coleman, Daniell 470 

Clayton, Susannah Widd° 700 

Collier, Rob' 100 

Crane, W"' 300 

Crane, Tho 320 

Cha{)man, John 200 

Caughlane, James 100 

Cotton, Catherine 50 

Collier, Charles 450 

Collier, John 400 

Collins, W"" 350 

Cammell, Alexander 200 

Chin, Hugh 100 

Conner, Tinr 1410 

Collin, James Yard q"" 300 

Corhin. Gowin |Ga\vin| 2000 

Crisp, Tobias 100 

Carters q'" 300 

Carlton, Tho 200 



OS! 






0\^ fioinct^! 

. '-; i>btV/ liij'n;. 

■:_<.- (I. 

o? 

'"'Ci 

■><■■, 

r~ • 

c - talrifiz 

. - i 

(> ' ■ I 

.>)^ '[. f <" 



fKt 



VIRGINIA QUIT RENT ROLLS, I704 



147 



Carlton, Anne 
Cloiigh, George q' 



ACRES 

300 
390 





12235 


Clerk and Cordell both in Gloucester 


1000 


D 




Widd" Durrat 


200 


Day Alexand"" Maj"^ Beverley q^ 


300 


Doe, Wm. 


300 


Dilliard [Dillard], Niclr 


150 


Dilliard, Edw* 


150 


Dimmock, Tho 


150 


Dismukes, W" 


200 


Duett, Charles 


900 


Didlake, James 


200 


Durham, John 


100 


Dunkley, John 


380 


Duson, Tho 


448 


Davis, Nath" 


300 


Deshazo, Peter 


450 


Davis, Jn" 


90 


Davis, EdW 


100 


Dillard, Thomas 


170 


Dewis, Rich"* 


250 


Dillard, Geo. 


325 


Duglas, James 


275 


Dayley, Owen 


180 



5618 



Eachols, John 
Ellis, John 
Eastham, George 
Ewbank, W" 
Eastham, Edw* jun'' 
EdW', John 



220 

400 
300 

350 
800 
100 



OQl 



(xx)! -ni^. 



oos 



.i-,t,:v 



"ihVA 



(T 



oos: iU 

nrlol .; 
,M J odT .noaoCl 



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CI 



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148 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

ACRES 

Eastham, Edw" 100 

Eastes, Abraham 200 

Eyes, Cornelius 100 

Emory, Ralph ioq 

Ellis, Timothy ^50 



3020 



F 

Forsigh, Thomas 150 

Farguson, James 300 

Flipp, John 80 

Farish, Rob' i_^oo 

Fielding, Henry 1000 

Farmer, John ^o 

Fothergill, Rich-^ 67- 

Forteon, Charles 400 

Forgett, Charles 150 

Fothergill, Rob' 150 



4355 
Farmer, John not paid for 200 

Fox, Alargarett not paid for 100 



Gadberry, EdW 100 

Griffin, EdW 100 

George, Rich-' 100 

Griffin, David 100 

Graves, Rob' 150 

Graves, Jn° i^o 

Gardner, Ringing 200 

Gray, Joseph 200 

Gilby, John 300 

Gray, Sam" 40 

Gresham, Jn" 200 

Gresham, EdW 175 

Good, John 200 



riK 



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VIRGINIA QUIT RENT ROLLS, 1704 



149 





ACRES 


Gresham, George 


150 


Garrett, Danll 


200 


Gamble, Tho : L. Majors Land 


450 


Gresham, Tho 


225 


Graves, Jn" 


150 


Guttery, Jn" 


230 


Gregory, Frances Widd" 


700 


Gough, Alice Widd" 


800 


Griggs, Francis 


250 


Garrett, John 


330 


Garrett, Humphrey 


200 


Gibson, Widd" 


200 


Garrett, Rob* 


200 




6100 


H 




tiand, Thomas 


ISO 


Hayle, John cf 


685 


Honey, James 


200 


Holloway, W™ 


100 


Hernden [Herndon], James 


100 


Hoomes, George 


725 


Hodges, Thomas 


250 


Hayle, Joseph 


250 


Hayes, John 


100 


Haynes, W" 


494 


Holcomb, W" Brayfords Land 


700 


Henderson, John Thackers Land 


200 


Hodgeon, Widd" 


200 


Henderson, Widd" 


300 


Henderson, W"" 


162 


Housburrough [Hansborough?] 


Morris 


Harts Land 


200 


Hesterley, John 


100 


Hill, John 


200 


Horedon, W" 


70 


Harris, W™ 


250 



oos; 

op) 

) 

) 



Or., 

OIL 



CX3T.d 



li 



fxji ?:'»iitnl^ ,iirohi.':. :1 

t -o r ' \ 

(Ml . f 

00 1 



T 



i=;o 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



Hart, Tho. 
Hockley, Rob* 
Howard, Peter 
Hardgrove, W'° 
Herring, Arthur 
Hickman, Thomas 
Hunt, W- 
Hobs, W™ 
Hicks, Rich" 
Howden, W™ 
Howerton, Thomas 



Holt, Joseph lives in Maryland 
Haywood, Tho : in Glocester 



ACRES 

200 
100 
300 
100 
50 
700 
312 
250 
250 
100 
300 

8098 
321 
600 



Jones, Tho. 
Jones, Robt. 
Jeffreys, Rich"* 
Jones, Robt. Jun' 
Johnson, James 
Jones, W" 



K 



King, John 
Kallander, Tim" 
Kink, Anne 
King, Edw" 
Knowles, Dorothy q' 
King, Robt. 
Kenneff, Darby 
King, Daniell 



150 
200 

337 
130 
200 
900 



1917 

150 
100 

275 
200 

150 
100 

160 

200 



1335 



I 



f. 



Or;.. 



-Off i" ,^9ffo( 



.! I 



A 



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VIRGINIA QUIT RENT ROLLS, I7O4 



151 



Loveing, John 
Lyon, Peter 
Leigh, John 
Lumpkin, Robt. 
Lee, W" 
Lobb, W" 
Loeoft, Rich-" 
Lewis, Zachary 
Lumpkin, Jacob 
Lewis, David 
Lewis, John Escf 

Lewis, EdW 

Lemon, EHz" 

Lynes [Lyne?], Rebecca 

Levingstone, John 

Levingstone, Sam" 

Lawrence, Matthew 

l>etto, Arthur 

Langford, John 

Levingstone, Jn" Sowels Land 



Leftwitch, Thomas in Essex 



ACRES 

100 
250 
6200 
400 
230 

TOO 
320 

120 

lOIOO 

1400 

ICX) 

405 

600 
100 
210 

475 
150 
750 

23310 
75 



M 



May, John 
]\IuHck, George 
Major, Jn" 
Martin, John 
Moore, Austines q' 
May, Tho 
Moore, Sam" 
Maddeson, Jn" 
Morris, W" 
Martin, EHz" 
Mackay, Sarah 



300 
100 
250 
300 
200 
300 
100 
500 
130 
400 
177 



;.0^ '0 AfWir'Hiv 



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OS I 
OOTOI 

OOI 

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152 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

ACRES 

May, John, Piggs Land 200 

Major, Francis 700 

Mansfield, Thomas 60 

]\rorris, Henry 100 

Major, John 400 

Mels, Nidr 200 

Marcartee [McCarty?], Daniell 200 

Morris, W" 300 

Alead, W"" 100 

Matthews, Edw^ 160 

Martin, Cordelia Widd° 200 







3377 




N 




Nelson, Henry 




440 


Neal, John 




50 


Nason, Joshua 




200 


Norman, W"' 




300 


Norris, James 




100 




1090 









Owen, Ralph 




120 


Ogilvie, W- 




300 


Orrill, Lawrence 




290 


Orrill, W" 




500 


Osbourn, Michaell 




90 


Overstreet, James q' 


•■^ 


180 


Ditto at home 




50 



1530 
p 

Powell, Robt. 500 

Prewitt, W°' 200 

Paine, Bernard 130 

Pomea, Francis lOO 

Philip, Charles 250 



?! 



od 



COS. 



'1^:^ ,£■ 



•hhr// 



\LL 






0(X)1 



^?; 



'^V 



O 



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n,p 



V ,-'- 



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VIRGINIA QUIT RENT ROLLS, I704 



153 



ACRES 

Pettitt, Thomas 548 

Pollard, Robt. 500 

Pollard, Wm. 100 

Phinkett, Eliz" 500 

Pemberton, Tho 115 

Pickles, Tho 93 
Potters, Francis Widd" Neals Land 100 

Parks, James 200 

Purchase, Geo. q"" 580 

Page, Jn" 100 

Pritchett, David 225 

Pigg, Henry 61 

Page, John Jun' 300 

Pigg, EdW 250 

Phelps, Tho 400 

Pendleton, Philip 300 

Pendleto [Pendleton], Henry 700 

Pann, John 200 

Payton's quar" 500 

Pigg, John 100 

Pamplin, Robt. 150 

Pryor, Christ^ 175 

Paulin, Eliz" 175 



Pate, John in Gloucester 




7552 
1000 


Quarles, 
Quarles, 


James 
Dyley, 


Q 
Zacha. Lewis's 


Land 


300 
300 



R 



Richard, Robt. 
Rings Quarter 
Robinson, Daniel 
Roger, Giles 



600 

300 

1000 

100 

475 



4 



OOi 

ill 

■,1CJJ 



oof; 



bill 



bi/r 

'nu]. fiilol^ ,9lgs'^ 



qilrri^L .noHhuxl 



?A» 



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154 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

ACRES 

Rice, Michaell 200 

Richeson, Tho 460 

Richeson, Elias 180 

Read, Eliz" c-q 

Russell, Alexand' Wyatts Land 400 

Robinson, Robt. ngo 

Rowe, John 100 

Richards, W" 400 

Richards, John 014 

Richards, Oliver 250 

Riddle, Tho. Reads Land 700 

Roy, Rich" J 000 

Ryley, Elias 200 

Rollings, Peter i^o 



8359 
John the son of Robt. Robinson holdw'ch 

no body pays for 750 

S 

Sebrill, John 130 

Stone, Mary 100 

Smiths in Bristoll q-" 2800 

Stone, Jn" 295 

Stubblefield, G^o. q"^ 400 

Scandland, Denis 1470 

Swinson, Rich'' 170 

Smith, Christ" 200 

Smith, John, Cooper 273 

Smith, Alexander 275 

Seamour, W" 268 

Sones, Tho 1^0 

Shepard, Isaac 100 

Southerland, W" 800 

Shoot, Tho 100 

Shepheard, Joseph 100 

Shea, Patrick 200 



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ACRES 


Southerland, Dan" 


200 


Smith, Nich" q' 


700 


Sanders, Nath" 


200 


Smith, Jn" Sawyer 


80 


Shuckelford [Shackelford], Roger 


250 


Skelton [Shelton?], John 


100 


Snell, John 


150 


Simpio, Charles 


100 


Sawvey, John 


113 


Stringer, Mary T. 


175 


Spencer, Tho 


300 


Sykes, Stephen 


50 


Smith, Francis 


. 100 


Smith, Rich" 


150 


Sparks, John 


200 


Surly, Tho 


100 


Stapleton, Tho 


200 


Story, John 


3000 


Spencer, Katherine 


600 




14599 


Skippath fSkipwith], Sir W™ is not 


paid 


for 


700 


Stark, Tho of London w'ch is not 


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for 


920 


Stuhhlefield,- Geo. in Glocesf 


400 


Smith, Austin in Glocester 


4000 




800 


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Turner, Richard 


200 


Todd, Thomas quart' 


2300 


Taylor, James 


4000 


Toy, Thomas 


175 


Taylor, Dan" 


70 


Thomas, Rowland 


610 


Tunstall, Tho 


550 



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156 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

ACRES 

Todd, Rich-i jocq 

Towley, John 200 

Trice, James oqo 

Tureman, Ignatius 100 

Turner, Thomas 267 

Thacker, C. C. 1000 



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Vaughan, Cornelius 500 

Vize, Nath" 100 

Uttley, John 200 

W 

Wood, James 800 

Wilkinson, John 100 

Wright, Tho 300 

Watkins, Wm 137 

Wiltshire, Joseph 5o 

Watkins, Edw" 08 

Watkins, Philip 203 

White, Thomas 200 

Walker, John 6000 

Wilson, Benj. Wyats Land 420 

Wyat, Rich" 1843 

Walton, Thomas 200 

Wyat, John S30 

Withby, Thomas 50 

Williams, Thomas 200 

Watts, Tho. 235 

Ward, Sam" j6o 

Watkins, Benj, 60 

Watkins, Tho: jun' 125 

Williams, Kliz" ooo 

Waldin, Sam" 275 

Ware, Edw* 735 

William, John 125 



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487 


Willbourn, Tho. 


250 


Wildbore, W" 


100 


Ware, Nich° 


718 


White, Jerimiah 


200 


Whorein, John 


200 


Wise, Rich* quart' 


209 


Walker, John Johnsons Land 


1000 



16920 

Wadlington [Waklington], Paul not paid 

for being 150 

Y 

York, Matthew 100 

A 2300 

B 22535 

C 12235 

D 5618 

E 3020 

F 4355 

G 6100 

H 8098 

J 1917 

K 1335 

L 23310 

M 5377 

N 1090 

O 1530 

P . 7552 

Q 600 

R 8359 

s 14599 

T 10872 

U 800 



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16920 

100 





158522 


Lands returned not p** for 




C 


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F 


300 


H 


920 


L 


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S 


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KENNON LETTERS 159 

KENNON LETTERS 

(Continued) 



Sally S. Kennon to Ellen Mordecai 

Deloraine November the 12th 1809 
My dear Ellen 

As I do of all things hate, to get a letter from a friend 
tilled with apologys ; I will do unto others, as I would be done 
by; and only say that I would have written sooner if I had 
b.ave had time ;l)ut I have been extremely busy, preparing 
George for Philadelphia; since I wrote to you last, that I have 
scarcely had time, every now and then to let my Tar know, 
that I am still in the land of the living; I know you will par- 
don me ; therefore I shall not say another word on the sub- 
ject of tiiy silence. I got a letter from Monsieur le Capptain" 

""We are indebted to Mr. E. W. Williams, of Baltimore, for the 
official record of Arthur Sinclair, obtained from the Navy Department. 

RECORD OF SERVICE OF CAPTAIN ARTHUR SINCLAIR. 

U. S. N. 

1798 Entered the Navy as Midshipman. 

1700 Midshipman on the CONSTELLATION in the engagement with 

the French frigate LTNSURGENTE and the capture of the 

French ship. 
1804 May, 18, Commissioned Lieutenant. 
1804 June 9 to July 10, Attached to the Mediterranean Squadron on 

the ESSEX in attacks on Tripoli. Ordered to Gunboat No. 10. 

1806 July 10, Returned to United States as Commander of Gunboat 
No 10 and placed in charge of Gunboats Nos. i, 4, 5. 10 o" 
the SPITFIRE. ^. . • u • a 

1807 January 7, Relieved by Captain Decatur, Sniclair bemg under 

Dtcatur. /-ttttca 

1807 February 20, Ordered to recruit forty men lor the Ltih-bA- 

PEAKE. 

July 3, Ordered under Decatur. 

December 2, Ordered to Washington to seUle accounts. (Came 
up in Gunboat No. 10; was in command of Schooner ENIEK- 
PRISE ) 
1809 Fohruary 15, Ordered from Norfolk to Washington. 
April 8, Appointed to command NAUTILUS. 



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by the last mail he was well, and has just arrived in Norfolk 
after an absence of eight months; which time he has spent in 
Washington, attending to the repairs of his vessel; when he 
will visit us, I have not yet been able to learn; he says he 
can perhaps tell me when he writes again ; but you know he is 
not a free man, and must do as his Commodore directs ; high, 
ho, it makes me feel very strangely, whenever I think that 
perhaps in a month or two I may no longer be Sally Kennon ; 
but have assumed a new name, and in some measure a new 
character; you may depend I have some very serious reflec- 
tions on the occasion; and if I have these sensations, when 
I think of becoming the wife of the man I prefer to all others ; 
and in whom I have perfect confidence ; what must those poor 
victims to parental authority think, when about entering the 
temple of Hymen with a man that is perfectly indififerent to 
them? and perhaps, which I dont doubt is sometimes the case, 
they are utterly disagreeable to them. I cannot for my soul 
imagine what has put me in this serious mood this morning; 
I will however endeavour to shake it oft; and as the first step 
towards it, I will quit this subject, after telling you that Cap- 

1811 December 13, Ordered to Newport, R. I., with the NAUTILUS 
to deliver her to Lieutenant Crane and to take command of the 
ARGUS. 

1812 July 10, Commissioned under confirmation of the Senate as 
Master Commandant this date, commission dated July 2, 1812. 
October 12 to December 17, Cruised with the North Atlantic 
Squadron in the ARGUS and made a number of prizes. Became 
separated from the squadron and was chased for three days and 
nights by the enemy's squadron, escaping by good management. 

1813 May 18, Ordered to Sackett Harbor for duty in the Squadron 
of Commodore Chauncey on Lake Ontario. 

July 24, Commissioned a Captain under confirmation of the Senate. 
September 28, Rendered gallant service in an engagement with 
the British Squadron. 

1814 Ordered to Erie. 

1814 July 20 to September — , Commanding the NIAGARA on Lake 
Huron and on Lake Superior, and commanding U. S. Naval 
Forces in an expedition against forts St. Mary's and Michili- 
mackinac. Captured a number of the enemy's ships. 

1817 November 4, Ordered to take command of the Frigate CON- 
GRESS at Norfolk. 

1 81 8 July 24, Ordered from Norfolk to Washington. 

September 8, Ordered to report to Captain Cassin to superintend 
a seventy-four, then under construction at Norfolk. 

1819 February 27, Ordered to command the Norfolk Station until the 
return of Commander Shaw. 

1831 February 7, Died at Norfolk, Virginia. 



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KENNON LETTERS l6l 

tain Sinclair has sold his house in Surry, and intends pur- 
chasing a plantation within a few miles of Hampton ; where 
we are to reside; you will excuse my being thus minute; for 
as I know every thing that concerns you, is interesting to me 
and I flatter myself that it is reciprocal ; for you know Achilles 
says : 

A generous friendship no cold medium knows. 
Burns with one love, with one resentment glov/s. 

I have met with a very heavy loss lately ; I sent down to 
Richmond for my wedding clothes, and unfortunately the 
night the wagon left town, it was robbed, and every particle 
of my paraphernalia was taken away ; and I have not yet 
heard one word about it, I suppose they are gone forever and 
ever amen ; and I must join in chorus with that old song you 
may perhaps have heard : I'll be married in old clothes be- 
cause I cant get new ; for I will not buy any more until I go 
down myself ; you all must put on your best bibs and tuckers, 
when you come over ; for Captain Sinclair wrote me word 
that my cousin Captain Fawn, and his friend Captain Smith 
are to accompany him out ; they are both extremely clever 
fellows I can assure you ; Smith sent me word the other day, 
that when Arthur came out to be hanged, he would come up 
and stand Jack Batch ; he is a charming fellow, and from 
what I can learn does sad havock among the hearts of his fair 
country women ; you must set your cap at him, as he is the 
youngest, and Rachel at my cousin. Captain Fawn; tell Susan 
when you see her, that I have a sweet heart for her also, who 
tho' not extremely handsome, is sterling worth, and has a 
heart that will overbalance his ugly face ; I have a song, a 
sweet little one ; I think so extremely applicable to him, that 
I will write you four of the lines : 

The heart alone, is worth a thought ; 
Features boast no real worth ; 
Beauty may be sold and bought ; 
True merit in the mind has birth. 

I would write to Susan by Major Nelson if I had time ; but 
I have not, if she is at the races give my love to her, and tell 



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l62 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

1 cr not to go back to Tarborough ; as the distance is so great, 
that perhaps she may not receive my letter apprising her of the 
time that I am to resign my freedom, I will however write to 
her soon and give her the above mentioned information and 
I hope she will not disappoint me ; if you do, you may depend 
upon it, I shall be extremely angry ; tell Rachel that she must 
not even think she is too much engaged to come. Caroline 
and the boys are also included, tell them that they must hold 
themselves in readiness to see the last of me. Your Father 
and Mother I should be delighted to see; but I fear that is 
impossible; but however, as the negroes say, I lives in hopes, 
and I hope 1 shant die in dispair ; when I say the Boys must 
come over here, you must recollect Sam is included, tell him 
this if you see him, if not write him word, that his presence 
ib requested. Did I tell you in my last, that Tom Nelson was 
courting a Miss Atkerson in this county, or rather in Mecklen- 
inu-g? If 1 did not I will do so; she has however discarded 
him twice and he now declares off, and holds the whole sex 
m defiance and swears, he will never again put it in the power 
of any woman to make him unhappy; how long he will adhere 
to his resolution I cannot determine ; I fancy he will continue 
firm hi his resolves until he sees another pair of bright eyes 
and then away goes all his fine resolutions ; this last flame 
was a great fortune and he says prodigiously handsome; but 
I never saw her, so cant tell whether she is or not. You recol- 
lect Jane Davis who went to school to Mrs. Falkner, the year 
before the last; Hugh Nelson has been worshiping at her 
shrine; but all to no purpose, for she has proved inflexible 
to all his protestations, solicitations &c. and has refused him 
her fair hand; is he not to be pitied? thus to lose at one mo- 
ment such a combination of every thing that is delightful ; 
1 pity him most sincerely; but jesting apart, altho' I do not 
think her at all pretty ; I think her a very amiable girl ; I am 
told that she and Polly Boyd will be at the races, and if a 
wish would do ; myself would anchor soon with you ; but that 
cannot be, and I must be contented, to remain where I am ; 
yet I do not despair of visiting you diis winter. Go to the 
race balls and dance two reels for me, one with Mr. Snow 



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KENNON LETTERS 163 

and one with Mr. Connelly ; as they are my reigning favourites ; 
that is, out of your family. As soon as you get this, begin 
your letter, and write every day until Major Nelson leaves 
Warrenton; and give me all the news of the great world; for 
1 live here in such a nook, that I scarcely hear any thing out 
of our own family; by that means too, I shall get a long 
letter, and that is the only gratification except the comfort we 
see in our own family, that we can now enjoy; for of all places 
that ever I saw, this is the most retired, and if I may use the 
expression Lonesome ; dont therefore disappoint me. Give my 
love to Rachel, and tell her I have been expecting her promised 
letter; for a long, long time; and have almost given out the 
idea of getting one at all; she must however make up for her 
past remissness by writing me a very lengthy epistle by the 
Major. Mrs. Lucy Nelson, who you recollect no doubt seeing 
when you were over here, on Wednesday last, presented her 
Lord and Master with a third daughter ; and is, as the old 
women always say on such occasions, as well as could be ex- 
pected ; I have not yet seen her but shall visit the little stranger 
in a day or two. The Major's children have done wonderfully 
this year ; for Robert who married Miss Wilson, of this county, 
will increase and multiply also in a few months. We had a 
very smart beau here a few days past, who stayed a whole 
day, and night, and was as sociable and agreeable as you can 
imagine any one to be, and we cannot for our lives, find out 
even so much as his name; I had a great mind several times 
to adopt your Fathers plan and call him ]\Ir. Thompson ; you 
know he calls a man by that name if he can not recollect his 
real name. I have made very strict inquiries about him but 
his name I cannot find out; but I do not yet dispair, for my 
curiosity it at the highest pitch; I believe I should positively 
have fallen in love with him ; had not my heart been so in- 
tirely occupied by another object; but enough of this; I could 
scribble on in this nonsensical strain an hour longer if I had 
time; but 1 have not. If you have the Nightingale, you will 
greatly oblige me, by sending me a copy by Major Nelson; 
if you have not time to copy it yourself; tell Polly Plummer 
or any of the girls of my acquaintance, that they will do me 






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164 VIRGINIA PIISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

a great favour by assisting you in it. I have some sweet songs, 
which you shall learn when you come. I would send you some 
of my favourites, if I had time to copy them. I\ly piano is 
in fine order ; Mrs. Nelson has tuned it and it is now very 
sweet. Upon looking over this morsel of eloquence and I may 
with truth add elegance, I find it is written so intolerably bad, 
that I would write it over if I had time, but as I know it will 
not be seen, except by partial eyes, I will even send it off. 
Farewell my dear Ellen; present my love to every member of 
your household and to every other person who thinks it worth 
while to inquire after me. (The balance of this sheet is worn 
away, except the name.) 



S. S. Kennon. 



To Miss Ellen Mordecai, 

Warrenton, North Carolina. 
To the care of 

Alajor Nelson. 



AIrs. Elizabeth B. Kennon to Samuel Mordecai"* 

Deloraine Decemr. 3rd 1809 
I shall think myself ungrateful my amiable young friend, 
if I any longer neglect thanking you, for your obliging atten- 
tion to my request relative to the articles I asked you to pro- 
cure for me ; but as old Madam Duval in the Novel of Evelina 
£ays, "It was an unlucky obligingness to me I am sure" for not 
one thing have I received; the rogues deprived us of all; for 
as Miss Patsy Best would express it, they did not leave us 
as much as would "rap" round our fingers ; w'ell, well, rogues 
are things I never did set any store by; poor Sally is very 
unfortunate for she not only loses her paraphernalia; but has 
the mortifying idea that she shall not appear as fascinating 
perhaps in the eyes of her Tar on a certain important day as 
she expected ; for you know fine feathers make fine birds ; but 
3^ he intended to take her for better for worse, he will only 
begin a little sooner than common to find her worse, tho' I 
hojje it will only be in her habiliments, than he supposed ; for 

^ The author of "Richmond in By-Gone Days". 



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KENNON LETTERS 165 

she has prudently determined, not to buy any thing more ; but 
diverts herself with singing the old song "I'll be married in 
old Clothes, because I cant get new" but the misfortune we 
have met with, does not make our obligation less to you ; both 
for your former kindness, and the polite message delivered us 
by Jack Nelson from you ; offering to send the same quantity, 
and quality of goods to us again if we desired it; I thank you 
my kind friend ; but the times are too hard, to allow me to get 
a double portion of finery even for that momentous occasion. 
I do not know when she will resign her liberty, as the day is 
not yet fixed ; but whenever she commences a matron, we 
shall be delighted to see you here ; she does not intend to have 
any but her greatest favoiirites present, and you and the rest 
of your valued family will ever be ranked in that number by 
us both ; but notwithstanding you are very much in my good 
graces; yet I will document you a little, for neglecting me in 
the manner you did ; in not answering my letter ; but I sup- 
pose that is a humiliation, we old souls must expect ; when 
we flatter ourselves, with engaging the attention of a youth- 
ful beau so far, as to induce him to write to us ; now answer 
me candidly my young Sir, and tell me; if a young, charming, 
bewitching girl had written to you, whether her epistle would 
have remained unnoticed? no, no, I warrant Richmond would 
have been searched from one end to the other, for the best 
quill, the finest paper, and the blackest ink, to enable you to 
convey to her in the handsomest manner your rapture on the 
occasion ; but I will stop scolding, extend the hand of mercy 
to you, forgive the past, and receive you into favour again, 
if you will promise as the children do to behave better here- 
after, and prove that you will do so, by acknowledging the 
receipt of this as soon as you get it; for we are so immured in 
this place, that it is almost a renovation of my existance to 
receive a letter from a friend ; write me an account of every 
occurrence of the great world ; tell me who is in love, who is 
courting and who married ; for you know this kind of news 
i? quite interesting to such young damsels as myself ; but for 
your life dont tell me any person is dead, particularly an ancient 
dame; for I am like old Catherine of Russia, I. dont like that 



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l66 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

gloomy subject at all ; and shall be afraid you mean it as a hint 
to me, that it is time to look about me ; and that would be 
mortifying to a blooming nymph, who wants some years yet 
of being in her grand Climacteric. I flatter myself my dear 
young friend, your goodness will not subject you to any in- 
convenience ; as Erasmus is now exerting all his energies to get 
some tobacco down in time to prevent your being plagued, by 
the merchant of whom you purchased those unprofitable goods 
and wares for us ; he is in hopes he can send you some by 
Christmas ; let me know if that will be time enough for your 
purpose. I received a letter from Rachel and my daughter one 
from Ellen, a few days ago by Major Nelson on his return 
from the Warrenton races ; alas, alas, whenever I peruse those 
effusions of friendship, their valued letters ; how do I lament 
the deprivation of their society, including the other individuals 
who formerl}' contributed to my happiness, when I was so 
often an inmate in your Father's hospitable abode ; but those 
days are gone, never to return; I was very sorry to hear that 
my estimable Moses ; has Ijeen ill ; tho' I had the pleasure of 
reading in the next line, after being informed of his sickness; 
that he was convalescent ; and I please myself with think- 
ing that he has intirely recovered by this time. I was going 
to apologize for putting a stop to this scrawl, by telling you 
I had others to write ; but I imagine you think it long enough. 
I will therefore only deliver a message from Sally to you, and 
then conclude ; she desires you will accept her salutations as 
the great folks say ; and assure yourself, that she often thinks 
of you ; and wishes you every happiness this world can bestow. 
Farewell my esteemed young friend, you cannot enjoy more 
felicity than is wished you, by your sincere friend 

E. B. Kennon. 
To Mr. Samuel Mordecai^, 

Richmond 
Mail. 
Postmarked : Marshallsville Dec. 6th 

^ In the July number Mr. Samuel Mordecai is reported as having died 
at Warrenton, N. C, and in the Oct. number as having died in 1861. 

Mr. Mordecai died at Raleigh, N. C, where he had lived for several 
years, and the date of his death was April, 1865." 



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kennon letters 167 

Mrs. Elizabeth B. KennOxN to Rachel Mordecai 

Deloraine Febry, 4th 1810 

Well my dearly beloved girl, the Die is cast, and my daugh- 
ters fate is fixed in this world, either for happiness or the 
reverse; for she is no longer (to express myself in the style of 
Paddys wedding) Miss Sally Kennon, but Mrs. Sally Sinclair; 
on this day fortnight she commenced a Matron ; and promised 
before old Mr. Michlejohn; to love, honour and obey her truly 
worthy Sailor forever; she pronounced her vows with perfect 
confidence that she should never repent what she did ; and when 
he received her, he appeared to think her Heavens best gift; 
most sincerely do I wish, that they may be always as well 
pleased with each other, as they are at present ; for I never saw 
a couple more in love in my life; this you may be certain is a 
source of heartfelt delight to me ; for to see her united to a 
Man, with whose intrinsic worth I have been long acquainted ; 
and to know that he almost Idolizes her, is enough to repay me 
for the many anxious moments I have felt on her account ; and 
to increase my satisfaction I am convinced from every action, 
word, and look of hers, that she loves him as sincerely as he 
does her ; I could say a great deal more on this subject, for it is 
a pleasing theme to me ; but I must quit a moment, to apologize 
to you, and my other valued friends ; who have been invited to 
visit us on this occasion ; for not giving you notice when it took 
place ; did I not know you all so well ; and was I not sure, that 
you are too well convinced of the sincerity of our regard, to 
doubt a moment our wishes to have you here ; I should feel un- 
easy while I am addressing you ; but as I am certain you are 
fully sensible, it would delight us to have you, and my much 
loved Ellen here at any time ; but particularly on that occasion ; 
I flatter myself you will readily admit the excuse, I am now 
going, with the greatest veracity, to make you ; Know then my 
dearest girl, that tho' this marriage has been in agitation many 
months; yet it happened unexpectedly at last; for as Mr. Sin- 
clair had been ordered out on a cruise, we never had fixed the 
wedding day ; intending to do so when he returned ; this you 



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l68 VIRGIxXIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

know was uncertain ; for when a person is at the mercy of the 
winds; they cannot command their own time; he was gone 
many long weeks, for such they thought them no douht ; but as 
soon as he was again on Terra Firma he asked for, and obtained 
leave of absence; tho' for a very short period only three weeks; 
but at the same time was informed, that if there v/as any dis- 
patches sent to Europe; his vessel would be the one pitched on 
to carry them ; and should this be the case, an express would 
be sent to demand his attendance; which he must instantly re- 
turn with; this intelligence you may be sure quickened his 
motions; he set off immediately after obtaining permission; and 
made his appearance at this place ; when we were uncertain 
whether the amphibious creature was on land or water ; he had 
nt)t been in the house more than a very few hours ; when he 
began on the subject nearest his heart; and plead his cause so 
strenuously, rationally and effectually; that she at last "will- 
ingly inclined her ear" ; and they were married in three days 
after his arrival; those days; were devoted to the necessary 
business, of procuring a license, sending for the Parson &c, &c, 
&c; Sally intreated to have time allowed her to send for her two 
dear friends ; but with the persuasion which always attends a 
beloved object, he urged so many reasons in opposition to her 
request ; that he conquered at last ; among other things he asked 
her, which she had better disappoint her friends or him? for 
what would his sensations be if while waiting for you and 
h^llen ; an express arrived commanding his immediate attendance 
on board his vessel? and to proceed to sea without delay? was 
this to happen, he would be forced to ol)ey ; and then what would 
his situation be ? this was said in a voice modulated by love, while 
his eyes looked unutterable tenderness ; and his manner was so 
pathetic; that the poor damsel could no longer resist him, and 
the powerful advocate he had in her heart; she therefore con- 
sented; and on the twenty-first of the month became bone, of 
iiis bone, and flesh, of his flesh; you recollect how intensely cold 
the weather was; Erasmus swears, if she does not make the 
best of wives; she ought to be drawn up to the gangway every 
^Tonday morning, and have the cat with nine tails played about 
her; for the Captain and he, suffered enough the day before 



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KENNON LETTERS 1 69 

when they went for the Hcense, it was forty miles to the Clerk's 
ofiice going and returning, to earn twenty wives instead of one ; 
for one of his eyes was closed up with snow, and his whiskers 
had icicles hanging to them ; the Tar said he was not quite as 
hadly off as Erasmus : for he sat on the weather side and as he 
was not much acquainted with the navigation in this place; he 
gave the intire charge of the vessel to him, depending on him to 
hring him into port; he did not stear at all hut wrapped himself 
up in his watch coat ; and placed his hrother at the helm ; hut he 
declared he had rather go to England for a wife, than to under- 
take one of these back woods cruises again ; he has asked me 
several times, what could induce me to live here; and swears 
he had rather be a sea turtle, than to spend his life in these 
woods and wilds; for he is sorry even for the hogs about the 
place ; l)ccause he is sure they will never leave this Fork ; which 
he thinks a great misfortune to any thing. I feel quite low 
spirited my dear Rachel, for our Son of Neptune has left me 
today; as his furlough has nearly expired, to proceed on his 
journey back to Norfolk ; where he left his vessel ; he has only 
allowed himself the number of days requisite to carry him 
there ; consequently he must travel on, let weather be as it will ; 
to put otT the parting moment as long as possible which they 
mutuall}' dread ; he has determined only to go as far as Lady 
Skipwith's the first day, which is twenty miles from this place ; 
whither Sally will accompany him ; he will then bid her fare- 
well fur a short time only I hope; and once more make his 
appearance on board the Nautilus, time enough to give satis- 
faction to those in authority over him. You will be surprised 
perhaps at his leaving her behind him; but you will cease to 
wonder at that, when I tell you my fears occasioned it ; for I 
was apprehensive she might perhaps catch her death, if she 
undertook so long a journey, at this season of the year, and 
when it is so uncommonly cold ; he has proved himself a dutiful 
son; for to calm my fears, he consented to consign her to the 
care of Erasmus; who has promised to escort her to Richmond, 
or Petersburg, to meet him as soon as the weather is more 
moderate; and in the meantime if he is not ordered away, with 
those dispatches; he will again ask a short furlough and once 



170 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

more join his "soul's far better part" in one of the above men- 
tioned towns; and from thence they will proceed to his place of 
residence, which is within a few miles of Plampton ; this situ- 
ation will be very agreeable, and convenient to them both ; as it 
will enable them to be together, whenever his ship is in the 
roads; which is frequently the case. Thus my beloved Rachel, 
I have given you a long account of your friend; I would apolo- 
gize for my prolixity; but I judge of you by myself, and I 
know you would never tire me when writing of yourself or any 
of your family. Sally will write to Ellen very soon ; was she 
at home, would do so now; and would I am sure join me, in 
the sincerest love for you all ; for I can with truth assure you, 
that absence has not the same effect on friendship, that it has 
on loA'e generally; for if I am to judge from my own feelings, 
relative to every member of your beloved family; instead of 
being diminished, it is increased by our separation. Mercy on 
me, that I should omit so long to tell you I am a Grandmother, 
what a mortification to such a beautiful belle as I am; well you 
know what can't be cured, must be endured ; and notwithstand- 
ing my extreme youth ; Nancy actually presented my son with a 
very fine boy, about a week ago ; and she is as the old women 
say, as well as can be expected ; it is to be called George ; for 
Erasmus says, as the poor fellow has been disappointed in love ; 
perhaps he may live a bachelor ; and give his little name-sake 
all he makes by his Emetics, Cathartics, Blisters, Glisters &c; 
but George seems to be of a different opinion, for he says he 
has three in his eye who he intends to court in rotation as soon 
as he commences a Doctor of medicine, and if they are all 
cruel ; he will look for other game ; for he is resolved not to 
lament for one, when there are so many sweet creatures. Don't 
you think I have written enough? and that it is time to put a 
stop to this scrawl? If you do not I do ; I will therefore bid 
you my amiable friend farewell ; after asking you to answer 
this letter by the next mail; and to tell me candidly, whether 
you, Ellen, Moses, Sally, Caroline, and Mr. Connelly; will 
pardon our conduct ; and love as well as ever, your truly affec- 
tionate friend 

E. B. Kennon. 



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P. S. This scrawl must not be seen, 
by any but your own particular family; 
blessings attend you all I pray. 

To Miss Rachel Mordecai, 

Warrenton, N. C. 
Mail. 
Postmarked: Marshallsville 7th Feby, 1810 12)/^ 



Mrs. Arthur Sinclair to Ellen Mordecai 

Deloraine Feb. the 24th 1810 
I would commence my letter my dearest Ellen, with an apol- 
ogy for my long silence, did I not suppose you were acquainted 
with the cause, and would forgive me unsolicited. Mama tells 
me she has written to my ever dear Rachel, an account of that 
greatest, and most important day of my life; in which I re- 
signed my liberty into the hands of another; it is therefore use- 
less for me to tell the story over again; for you know the wise 
Ulysses says, there is nothing so tedious as a twice told tale. 
I had promised myself the pleasure of paying you all a flying 
visit before I was ordered down but that gratification is alas, 
denied me; for I received a letter by the last mail from my 
lord and master; appointing me to meet him at Four-Mile- 
Tree"" immediately; and from thence, we shall proceed in a 
week or ten days down to Norfolk; where I have a relation who 
insists on my paying him a visit, and remaining with him, until 
our house is ready for our reception ; you know Ellen those who 
are bound must obey, and I shall obey this mandate on the 
morrow, weather permitting; you have no idea what an obedi- 
ent submissive wife I make; how long this will last I know not; 
not any great length of time tho' I imagine. Mama says I must 
hold out to the last, for she never in her life heard any person 
pronounce obey more audibly than your humble servant did; 
Captain Sinclair says I have sworn to do so before God, and 
man; and I shall be perjured if I do not, but I do not think so 

*°The Browne plantation in Surry County. 



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172 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

by any means, for I had previously determined not to make any 
such promise, and they took an undue advantage of me, and 
frightened me into it ; don't you think I should be excusable for 
not doing so. when that was really the case? I wish my poor 
sailor, could have had sufficient time allowed him, to have per- 
mitted me to carry him over and show him to you ; I know you 
would have been pleased with him ; but recollect my dear, I do 
not say he is handsome ; for he is quite the reverse ; but he is a 
charming fellow that is better ; but I will not say any thing in 
his commendation, for you will very naturally attribute it to my 
l)artiality; but leave you to be your own judge; for 1 flatter 
myself you and my dear Rachel, and your brothers, will some- 
times visit our dwelling; you know my Ellen, what delight it 
would give me to have you all with me ; your papa and mama 
I know it is useless to ask to come so far; but if they would, I 
should esteem it an everlasting favour ; for 1 should then be 
certain they love me, as well as I do them ; tell them this, and 
when you write, give me their answer. You can come down 
next vacation, if you can only stay one, or two weeks, it would 
be better than none at all ; you could come on the stage in two 
days; one from Warrenton to Petersburg, and the other from 
Petersburg to Norfolk; where you would delight the hearts of 
your friends by your presence; what say you my dear girls to 
this plan? will you accede to it and gratify your friend by so 
doing? I will promise you to render your stay in Norfolk as 
delightful as the place, and our delectable company will allow 
me ; Caroline is included in this invitation, and indeed all the 
family from your Father, down to Elizabeth Sarah Kennon ; do 
come my dears, if it is possible for you to do so. This place 
is so intolerably dull, that I scarcely know what subject I shall 
find to entertain you with; no births, deaths, or marriages; ex- 
cept Erasmus having a son, and that I suppose Mama has given 
Rachel an account of ; but I will just add, that he is as ugly a 
little dog, as ever I saw in my life; poor little soul I hope he 
will improve; if he does not, I pity him. Helen Skipwith"' is 
engaged to be married to a Mr. Coles an extremely clever young 

''Helen, daughter of Sir Peyton Skipwith, Bart., of Prestwould, 
married Tucker Coles, and her sister SeHna married John Coles. 



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KENNON LETTERS 173 

man I am told ! I have seen him twice ; but it was only for a 
short time, and I can only tell you that I think him very hand- 
some; I got a letter from her yesterday, she is a very sweet 
girl ; but Selina her sister, is I think one of the very finest 
women 1 know ; they stayed with me upwards of a week some 
time ago ; the first of this month I think it was ; and I returned 
and spent some delightful days at Prestwould ; the more I see 
of them, the more I am delighted; I shall go there tomorrow 
night, to take my final leave of them; it really is quite melan- 
choly to take leave of friends that you scarcely ever expect to 
see again ; for this will he the case, when I part from them ; for 
tho' they have promised to visit me, I hardly think the old Lady 
will ever suffer them to go so far from home ; and when Helen 
gets married, she will live, far beyond the mountains ; and at 
that distance I scarcely ever calculate on seeing her again ; but 
I will still hope, for you know it is said if it was not for hope, 
the heart would break. Tom Nelson has been confined to his 
bed for some time with a violent fever, he was so very ill for 
some time that his life was despaired of; he is now however 
getting much better ; but it is not well enough yet, to leave his 
bed. George returned home a few days past from Philadelphia; 
he was compelled to leave that place, on account of his health ; 
which had suffered considerably from the coldness of the cli- 
mate ; we feared he was threatened with consumption ; but he is 
now thank God much better than when he left Philadelphia; 
and I hope will recover in a very short time. [Part of this let- 
ter is missing]. I must chat a little, before I go, to you that is 
poz: oh, lord, I had forgotten to rectify a mistake, made I sup- 
pose by our friend Major Nelson; you mention William Popes 
being in Warrenton ; but you were mistaken, it was his brother 
Doctor Pope ; I tell you this least you should still labour under 
this deception, and call my taste in question relative to manly 
beauty ; for beyond all doubt William is the handsomest man I 
ever saw, and the Doctor as Jack Nelson says, quite the reverse ; 
and added to his uncommon beauty, he is also, except one. the 
most agreeable fellow I am acquainted with ; who that one is, I 
will leave you to guess ; upon my word I believe I should have 
lost my heart with him; if it had not previously been in the 



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174 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

possession of its present master; but I no sooner became ac- 
quainted with him ; that that heart which had withstood every 
other attack from the he creatures ; surrendered without one 
struggle for Hberty ; you know Ellen I always declared against 
love and marriage; and said it was out of the nature of things, 
for me to love a man well enough to marry him, but you see I 
stand an awful example, of the instability of these resolutions; 
for I am married, and have not once felt the smallest inclination 
to have the knot untied again ; and find my fetters as agreeable. 
as I ever did in my days of folly, as Mama calls the years 
eighteen hundred and six and seven ; having made a new con- 
(juest, or having on a very becoming dress; is not this very 
strange ? 1 think it is ; but it is no less true for all that. I 
have scribbled on such a deal of nonsense, that I have almost 
filled my paper, without having said half I at first intended and 
as I have my clothes to pack up and it is now past ten, I must 
lay aside my pen, after begging you will write to me directly. 
I shall take this letter on to Drummonds; where I hope it will 
meet with a ready conveyance, and you will get it in time to 
write tu me as I request. Do my dear Ellen sufi'er no eye to 
see this, but your own; for it is written so badly, I am quite 
ashamed of it ; but I have not time to write it better or I would. 
Present my love to every member of your family for me; and 
believe me sincerely yours. 

S. S. Sinclair. 

Miss Ellen Mordecai, Warrenton, North Carolina 
Mail. 

[This letter is not postmarked and seems to have been worn 
1)\- some one carrying it in the pocket]. 

(To be continued) 



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VIRGINIA GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND 1/5 



VIRGINIA GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND 



Contributed by Reginald M. Glencross, 176 Worplee Road, 
Wimbledon, London, S. W. 20, England. 



(Continued) 

William Svdnor. 

Will dat. 29 Oct. (sic) to be buried in Black Friars at Lud- 
gate. To high altar of my parish church of St. Patryk (sic 
rcctiits Petrock) in Exeter 3s. 4d. My wife to have place she 
dwelleth in. Sd. wife Joan to have my house in Norgate Street, 
Exeter, the sign of the crown, valued at 26s. 8d. a year, for 
life, remainder to our children. To my eldest son Richard S. 
£40. To my daur. Elizabeth to her marriage £40. To my son 
Thomas by Joan my wife, on her death, 5 marks yearly in 
land in Egerton & Bowton [to Kathryn my daur. — in inargin]. 
To my son Richard rest of my lands in Egerton & Bowton. 
To my st)n Paul £40, he to be in keeping of my ex'ors to law- 
ful age. To my brother Sir Thomas Egerton, Canon of Leeds 
in Kent £10. To my brother Maister Sir Richard Sydnor 
silver cup. To my sister IMargaret £10. To Roger Sweet- 
ornden £10. To each of my brother Swettornden's children 
los. 40. To church of Egerton, white vestments value £10. 
Rest of goods to my wife & she to be ex'trix. My brother 
M. Sir Richard Sydnor to be ex'or. IVitiicsscs: Sir Thomas 
Draper, Clerke ; Richard Wydder, Salter of the p'ish of All 
Hallows, Breadstreet & Edward Dormer, haberdasher in same 
p'ish & others. 

Proved 26 Feb 1514 [5] by Master Sydnor ex'or [no mention 
of Joan. R. M. G.] 

Holdcn 4 

[The Paul Sydnor, son of this testator was probably the man of the 
name who had a grant of the advowson and Vicarage of Brenchley, 
Kent, in 31st Henry VIII. William Sydnor the testator though he 



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176 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

lived in London and was possibly a native of Exeter owned lands 
at Egerton and Boughton in Kent. See also this Magazine XXX, 44. 
This family probably removed about 1563 to Suffolk and Norfolk, and 
later descendants returned to Kent.] 



John Banyster of London grocer 

Will dat. 3 Dec. 1653. I have formerly given £500 a piece 
& more to my two eldest dau'rs., Mary Grossman & Ann 
Short to advance them in their marriages which was to the 
full of my estate, & on latter dau'r my farm & manor called 
Boones (?) co. Essex from my death. To my youngest dau'r 
Margaret B. in fee my farm called Softmans ( ?) in p'ish of 
Canwedon co. Essex. To my 2 dau'rs Mary Grossman & Mar- 
garet B. in fee, remainder in my freehold lands called Gole- 
mans in Witham, Folborne &. Rivenall co. Essex on death of 
my sister in law Florence Baldwyn late wife of Alexander 
Banyster, equally. To my sister Susan Brooks 40s. a year 
for life. To my cousin John Brookes £5. To my cousin 
Anne Banyster £5. To my friend Mr. Hancock & his wife 
20s. a piece. To my cousin Gressener 50s. To my maid- 
servant Joan 40s. To my grandchildren & to my godsons 
Edward Gressener & [blank] Mawdett & to my cousin George 
Gressener & his wife £30 a piece out of my estate in the Bar- 
bados Island. To Mr. William Gore £3. Rest of estate in 
sd. Island to my 3 dau'rs Mary, Anne & Margaret equally. 
Rest of goods to. my 2 dau'rs Mary Grosseman & Margaret B. 
equally & they to be exetrices. IVitnesses : George Stanley, 
Arthur Hollingworth, G. Gressener, Abraham Stephens. 
Prov. 6 Jan 1653 [4] by Mary Grosseman & Margaret B. 
dau'rs & extrices. 

Alchen 37 

[As there was frequent intercourse between Virginia and Barbadocs 
it is possible that the testator was of the same family as John Banister, 
hte Virginia Naturalist.] 



Henry Herbert of Gowlebrooke co. Monmouth, esquire 

Will dat. 14 Mar. 1654. Whereas on conclusion of my 
marriage with my wife Mary, my father William H. esq. on 



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VIRGINIA GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND 1/7 

15 May, 1637 conveyed so much of manor of Hardwicke, 
Monmouthshire, as he was then owner of & all his other 
lands in H., little thereon to use of me & my wife M. for 
lives, sd. wife to have same for life. Since sd. 15 May, I 
have purchased in fee lands in H. afsd. part of John Parry 
esq, William Johns & John Bennett & one tenement called 
Skybor Adam etc some time the land of Thomas Parry which 
I had by will of my aunt Margaret Powle dec, all these & 
ten'm't. called the Spitty in p'ish of Bergavenny all yearly 
rent of £64. 13s. to sd. wife M. H. for life. Capital Messuage 
caJled Cowldbrooke, capital messuage called Dawkins, my 
manor of Lanthewy Rotherch & all lands in Bergavenny, 
Landilor, Pertholy, Lanthewy Rotherch, Lanwenarth, Lan- 
over, Lanellen, Glascoode etc. co. Monm. reversion of my 
manor of Hardwicke etc given to my wife for life, from her 
death, to my son James H. in tail male, in default to my issue 
male in tail male, in default to my brother William H. in tail 
male, in default to my brother Thomas H. in tail male, in 
default to my brother Charles H. in tail male, in default to 
my right heirs, but sd. premises to my friends & trustees 
Evan Seyse of Bowerton co. Glamorgan esq., Thomas Hughes 
of Moynscourt co. Monm. esq., Edmund Jones of Lansoy in 
sd. CO. esq. Edward Herbert of Magors Grange sd co. esq., 
& Walter Morgan of Landilor Portholy in sd. co esq. for 1 1 
years from my death on trust to pay to my son James H. 
fSo a year or if he die to my other issue male. To my 3 
daughters Katherine, Priscilla & Elizabeth i 1,000 a piece at 
marriage or 16 & £40 a year apiece meanwhile & on every 
15 Jan (not being Lord's day) to meet with accounts. Where- 
as I have conveyed lands in Hardwicke etc for payment of 
£50 yearly during life of my brother in law Lawrence Rud- 
3^erd & of f8oo on his death payable now only (my brother 
in law William Rudierd being deceased without children) to 
Elizabeth, wife of my uncle Matthew Herbert & to my wife 
M. equally, being legacies given to them by my mother in law 
Mary Rudyerd deceased by will whereof I am executor ; now 
to sd. trustees lands in p'ish of Bergevenny & Landiloe Per- 
tholy, Monm., which I bought of my cousin John Jones since 



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178 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

dec, now in possession of Hugh Watkin John at £52 rent & 
also parcel of land in Bergevenny purchased of Richard Tue, 
at £2-10. rent, for 50 years, on trust to pay Mr. Richard Reade 
& Master Matthew Herbert £50 a year during Hfe of sd. L. 
Rudyerd & on his death, to pay to sd. E. Herbert her share 
of the £800. To poor of Bergevenny £10, to my servants 
40s. a piece. To my bro. William H. £20, to his daur Eliz- 
abeth H. £10. To my sister Jones £5. To my brother Thomas 
H. £5. To my brother Charles H. £10. To sd. trustees 
£5 a piece. To my wife Mary H. morety of household goods 
etc £100. She to live at Cowldbrooke during minority of my 
son James H. Other morety to sd. son J. H. at 21. Legacies 
given to my sd. son J. H. & my dau'rs K. & P. by their 
grandfather William H. & their grandmother Mary Rud- 
yerd to be paid them. To my brother in law Lawrence Rud- 
yerd 40s. To my uncle Matthew Herbert 40s. To his wife 
Elizabeth H. 40s, my aunt Powle 40s, my aunt Anne Pown- 
all 40s, my aunt Jane Lewis 40s, my uncle John Herbert 40s 
all for rings. Annuity given to last by my father for his 
life out of tithe of Lanthewy Rotherch held by lease to be 
paid. To my aunt Atye my aunt Parker 40s. a piece for 
rings. My wife & my brother William H. to be ex'ors. Sd. 
trustees to be overseers. Rest of goods between my sd. wife 
& 3 daurs. Witnesses: Thomas Quarrell, Nicholas Bound, 
Anthony Potter, Susanna Cardiffe. 

Proved 23 July 1656 by Mary H. the relict & William H. 
the brother, the ex'ors. 
Received original will 23 Feb 1656 [7] for exors. Robt. 

Cattle. 

Berkeley, 267 

[In the Blandford Churchyard, Petersburg, Va., is a tomb, removed 
from "Puddledock", Prince George county, bearing arms and crest 
and the following inscription: 

"Here Lyeth Interred the Body of 

loHN Herbert Son of lohn Herbert 

Apothecary and Grandson of 

Richard Herbert Citizen & Grocer 

of London who departed this Life 

the 17th day of March 1704 in the 

46th year of his Age." 



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VIRGINIA GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND I79 

The arms and crest on the tomb are the same as those borne by Sir 
Richard Herbert of Colbrook, youngest brother of William, ist Earl 
of Pembroke. Making the ordinary allowance for generations, Richard, 
grandfather of John Herbert of Virginia, would have been born about 
1598. Dr. Lyon G. Tyler has cited the Visitation of London, 1634, 
which shows that William Herbert, of Colbrook, Co. Monmouth, had 
issue: i. William, of Colbrook, eldest son (father of Henry Herbert, 
the testator); 2. Thomas; 3. Matthew, of London, draper, 1634; 4. 
Richard; 5. John; 6. Cecil; 7. Dorothy; 8. Jane; 9. Margaret; 10. 
Katherine, wife of Henry Powell. Henry Herbert names his Aunts 
Margaret Powell, Anne Pownall and Jane Lewis and Uncles Matthew 
and John Herbert. Dr. Tyler makes the very probable conjecture that 
another uncle, Richard Herbert, who was living at the Visitation of 
1634; but probably dead in 1651, was the grandfather of John Herbert 
of Virginia.] 



RoiiERT Goocn of Earsham co. Norfolk, esq. 

Will (lat. 14 May 1653. To my eldest son Leonard G. in 
fee my manor of Dubbells in Earsham afs'd. all lands in Yar- 
mouth, Norfolk, Heddenham Norfolk (in occupon. of Faire- 
head now in Randalls occupation). To my 2 son Robert G. 
in fee my manor of Weston in Weston co. Suffolk, capital 
messuage called Weston Hall & lands in Weston Ringfield, 
Shuckefeild, he to pay to my son Philip at 22, £200 all this 
in satisfaction of legacies other than the household stuff left 
for him according to his grand father's Holnes Will, he not 
to contend with rest of his brothers & sisters, to join lovingly 
with his brother Leonard to help all other young ones his 
brothers & sisters. To my son Clement G. in fee, my lands 
in Ditchingham & Brome which are not already settled on 
him, lands in Btmgay are his already. To my eldest dau'r. 
Elizabeth G. £400 (beyond that Lease already hers which lease 
is for £400 more . To my daur. Anne & 2 younger brothers 
Clement & Philip to share. To my dau'r. Martha £600. To 
my son Philip £200 more. Ex'ors to look after their younger 
brothers and sisters. If any of them willfully overthrow 
themselves in marriage or otherwise against wills of her brother 
Leonard & Robert, that son or dau'r to lose half legacy. Sd. 
eldest son Leonard G. to be ex'or. To sd. son Robert G. 
lease of a farm in Weston late in Williams' occupation mort- 
gaged by Mr. Kempe for £200 & to take all profits between 
Mr. Kempe junior & me on the release of Mr. Wally & his 



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l8o VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

wife to my sd. son R. in Weston Hall which was by covenant 
to have been procured in a year after the purchase of Weston 
Hall, so more is due from Mr, Kempe son of Mr. K. dec. 
who first made the mortgage to me. To son Leonard house- 
hold stuff here & half my books & other half to my son Ro"bert 
especially the French Law Books. My son Robert has suf- 
ficient househo Idstuff from his grandfather Holnes will. To 
my servants William Micleburgh 20s. & others los. each. Rest 
of goods to my son Leonard & he to be ex'r. [Memorandum 
15 Nov. 1652 & 14 May 1653 as to surrenders & additional 
legacies & children.] Witnesses: [William Carvell, Christo- 
pher Jaye 1652] Will Mickleburgh, Roger Turner, Clement 
Gooche, Ralphe Jaye X. To my sister in law Anne Warner 
£10 7 Dec 1654. 
Pi'ov. 13 June 1655 by Leonard G. son & exor. 

Aylctt, 280 



RoRER GoocH of city of Norwich, gent. 

Will dat. 22 Sep. 1656. To poor of p'ish where I shall 
die 20s. To poor of p'ish of St. Lawrence, Norwich 20s, 
of St. Michael of Costany in Norwich 20c, of Respham co. 
Norfolk I OS, of Hackford near Reepham afsd. los, of Howe 
CO. Norfolk 5s. To my wife Martha my freehold & charter- 
hold copyhold & customaryhold messuages & lands in Car- 
deston, Reepham, Hackford, Whitwell, Howe, Brooke & Por- 
ringland Norf. for life, thereafter as follows: to my dau'r. 
Frances G. 4 acres called Moregate meadow which I late pur- 
ch'd of one Breese, & all lands in Hackford, Reepham & 
Whitwell now in occupation of George Smith, in fee & rest of 
lands in Cardeston, Reepham, Hackford & Whitwell afsd. to 
my son Edmund G. in fee. To my son Thomas G. lands in 
Howe, Brooke & Porringland, in fee, from death of my wife 
AL Sd. wife to pay to sd. son Thomas G. iio yearly. To 
sd. son Edmund G. £100. To my dau'r. Frances G. iioo. 
Whereas I have with my wife I\L & son Edmund G, sold 
certain houses in p'ishes of St. Laurence & St. Gregory Nor- 



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VIRGINIA GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND l8l 

wich to Martin Cumber since dec. on condition for payment 
of several sums of money & whereas one of the sums is to be 
l)aid in 1659. Now I bequeath sd. £105 (sic) to sd. son 
Edmund G. or (if sum not paid) the sd. houses. To my 
servant Grace Cubitt 40s. Rest of goods to my wife Martha 
G. & she to be extrix. JVitncsses : Roger Smith, Grace Cubitt 
X, Anne Fovie. 
Prob. 6 Dec 1656 by Martha G. relict & extrix. 

Btdkcley, 449 

[The family of Gooch was at one time quite numerous in Norfolk 
and Suffolk. Governor Sir William Gooch, was son of Thomas Gooch, 
Alderman of Yarmouth. Major William Gooch and Lt. Col. Henry 
Gooch lived in York Co., Va., in the latter part of the 17th century. 
See note on Governor Gooch in this magazine.] 



Christopher Greenehow of Grisdall in p'ish of Graistocke 

Will dat. 16 Aug. 1644. To Agnes Hyne £3. To Thomas 
Scott & Christopher Scott my nephews 40s. to either at 21. 
Rest o fgoods to my brother Richard G. & he to be ex'or, 
IVitnesscs: John Bancke, John Crosthwait. 
Prob. 28 Sep. 1653 by Richard G. brother & ex'or. 



John Green how of Murray in p'ish of Graistocke, Cumber- 
land, yeaman. 

Will dat, 18 May 1653. To be buried in p'ish church yard 
of G, To my brother William G. & his son George G. 20s, 
To my brother in law Richard Greenhow, Richard & Christo- 
pher 20s. To my brother in law John Bristow two sons John 
& Thomas being turns 20s, To my brother in law William 
Jacke his son John Jacke one lamb. To everyone whom I 
am godfather unto male & female I2d. To Hugh Johnson 
half bushel of rig. To John Gardhouse same. To Thomas 
Renoldson of Penrith one peck. To Richard Bristow's wife 
is. To Elizabeth Cowman is. To my son James G. hus- 
bandry gear. To my wife Mabel & my son James G, afsd. 
rest of goods & they to be ex'ors. Supervisors William Jacke, 



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l82 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

John Bristow both of Berriar. J^Vit)icsscs: William Jack X, 

William Greenhow X, John Brown X. 

Prob. 24 Aug. 1653 ^y ^label G. relict & James G. son, the 

ex'ors. 

Brent, 91 



Richard Greenhouse of Water in Mungrisedale in p'ish of 
Graiesbacks co. Cumb. yeoman 

Will dat. 3 Nov. 1655. To my eldest son John Greenhowe 
husbandry gear so that my wife have to serve her necessaries 
during widowhood. To sd. son John G. 20 sheep at age of 
15. To my dau'r Agnes G. £30 at 21, if she die before, same 
to my dau'r Margaret G. at 21, if she die before, same to my 
2 sons Richard & Christopher. My wife Jennett G. to have 
her widow right of my tenement according to custom of this 
manor & a third of my goods. Rest of goods to my 3 children 
Richard, Christopher & Margaret & they to be ex'ors. If 
wife be with child same to have its portion. Tho. Greenhowe 
and William Greenhowe and Edward Greenhowe to be over- 
seers. Testator made his mark. Christopher Walker, Richard 
Strickett, Christopher Buckburrowe. 

Adm. c. t. a. 26 June 1656 to Thomas Greenhow, William 
Greenhow Sc Edward Greenhow, testamentary curators to Rich- 
ard, Christopher & Margaret G. children & ex'ors of dec, to 
their use & during their minority. 

Berkeley, 229 

[The Greenhows or Greenhalghe (as was an early spelling) seem 
to have lived in several different, counties in the north of England, 
Cumberland, Lancashire and Westmoreland. Those whose wills are 
given above were Cumberland men. The branch from which John 
Greenhow (1724-1787) the emigrant to Virginia came, has been traced 
to his grandfather, John Greenhow, gentleman, 1650-1733) who was 
buried at Harwich Chapel, Lancashire. Robert Greenhow, father of 
the emigrant, removed from Lancashire to High House, Stamton, near 
Kendal, in Westmoreland. Sec IVilliaiii and Mary Quarterly, VH, 17; 
XVn, 273-275.] 

(To be continued) 



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VIRGINIA STATE TROOPS IN THE REVOLUTION 1 83 



VIRGINIA STATE TROOPS IN THE 
REVOLUTION 



(From the State Auditor's Papers, now in State Library) 



(Continued from XXXI, 332) 
1776 

April 18 To Cash paid Miles King for Sun- 
dry Persons for Necess' furnish'd 

the Troops at Hampton 27 9 7 

To Ditto paid Ditto for Francis 
Malory for Wood, Hampton 

Troops 26 5 

Ditto paid Do. John Jones for 

Boat hire House Rent to said Do. 14 18 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for Francis Malory 
for Wood to Hampton Troops 9 

Ditto paid Ditto for Thomas 
Wakefield for Necessaries & At- 
tendance to the Troops at Hamp- 
ton .._ - 16 6 •' 

Ditto paid Ditto for Joseph Mas- 

enburg for Wood to Ditto 3 ^o 

Ditto paid William Giles for a gun 5 

Ditto paid James Overton for 2 
guns 5 

Ditto paiid William Foster for 
Wagon hire 5 

Ditto paid Ditto for John Fox for 

Wood to the 8"* Reg" 8 8" 

Ditto paid John Ramsay for a gun 5 

Ditto paid Walter Hopkins for pay 
of Capt. A. Anderson Company 
& Provisions furnished a guard... 147 15 n 



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Ditto paid George Lyne for pay of 

his Company of M. Men 22 12 loj^ 

Ditto paid Ditto for Tho^ Wyatt 

for Meal to Capt. Watkins Com- 

6 

pany " 

Ditto paid William Armistead for 

for Arms & Blank' to the Public 5 i^ 
19 Ditto paid Richard Bland for Bur- 
well Prosser for a gun i 2 

Ditto paid William Richards for 
the pay of his Comp'' of M. Men 

& for 16 Hunting Shirts 3/6 6 

Ditto paid John Jones for pay, Pro- 
visions & Necessaries furnished 

his Company from Dinwiddie 588 10 9 

Ditto paid John Montague for a 

gun to Capt. Mead's Comp^ 4 

Ditto paid John Green, Thomas 
Harron & Walter Keebec for 
Transporting Troops to Eastern 

Shore 39 12 

Ditto paid Ditto for Rations to his 

Conip'' & 2 guns furnished 102 4 4>4 

Ditto paid Robert Gambell for Pro- 
visions furnished Sundry Com- 
panies by Hezekiah Heaton, John 

Jouett & Henry Gambell 12 5 6 

Ditto paid David Leitch for Ruggs 

furnished 2 Camp' 44 i^ 7 

Ditto paid John Gaskins for pay 

of his Comp^ to 28'" Feb loi 16 4^ 

Ditto paid Ditto for Provisions, 

Arms & Necessaries to his Coy... 52 4 8 
20 Ditto paid Thomas Walker for 
Martin Hawkins as Waggoner 
& Forage Master to the Troops 
at Hampton 5^ 3 4 



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VIRGINIA STATE TROOPS IN THE REVOLUTION 185 

Ditto paid Ditto for James Jones 
and others for Arms furnished 
Capt. Watkin's Company 14 

Ditto paid Ditto for a gun furnish- 
ed by Thomas Walker 54" 

Ditto paid John Ferguson for Gab- 
riel Gall & Rich*' Hagg for Pro- 
visions furnished Capt. Hays & 
Stephensons Comp'' 819 

Ditto paid Henry Field for a gun 

furnished public service 2 10 

Ditto paid Richard Timberlake for 
I Barrell Corn to Captain Terrils 
Com' " 9 

Ditto paid Reubin Morris for a 

gun furnished the Army 4 " 

Ditto paid Braxton Eastham for i 

to Ditto 4 10 

Ditto paid Daniel JMcQuan for i 

Ditto 5 " " 

Ditto paid Joseph Morton for Wag- 

gonage to the public service 92 10 " 

Ditto paid Chas. Ashton for board 

of 2 sick Soldiers i 12 " 

1776 To cash paid Collin Cooke for pay 

April 20 & Necessaries to Capt" Thomas 

Ruffin's Company of the 6'" Reg» 104 9 8 

Ditto paid Lieut Watts for the pay 
of Cap" Isaac Beats Co^" 

Ditto paid the 4 Reg' from the 3" 

to 28 February 185 13 4 

Ditto paid William Bently for 2 

guns furnished the Army 6 " " 

22 Ditto paid James Mercer for the 
use of Capt" Watkins for the 
pay of his Company of Regulars 58 3 " 



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Ditto paid Ditto for Cap" Ferrils & 
Scrugs of the 5'" Reg' for Neces- 
saries furnished their Comp^' 103 i 2 

Ditto paid Ditto for Arms fur- 
nished the PubHc 17 

Ditto paid Ditto for Ro. B. Chew 
for his pay as Q. M. Serg' of 
the 6«" Reg' from 28 Febru^ to 

the 20 April 9 4 5/^ 

Ditto paid Ditto for Blankets fur- 
nished the 3'* Reg' 6 11 

Ditto paid Henry Jones for Wil- 
liam Frazier for Arms to Cap" 

Meads Comp^" from Amelia 19 17 6 

Ditto paid Cap- Thomas Berry for 
balance of pay to his Company 
of the 8'" Reg" from 16 Feb^ to 

the 16 April 181 7 4 

Ditto paid Benjamin Harrison for 
2 guns to Cap" Pleasants Com- 
pany 6 10 

23 Ditto paid Ro. Gibbons for Repair- 
ing Arms 12 5 3 

Ditto paid James Taylor for Nec- 
essaries furnished M. Men 3 18 '/2 

Ditto paid Daniel McQuin for a 

Rifle „ 6 " " 

Ditto paid Tarlton Woodson as 

Adjutant at Kemps 5 I7 

Ditto paid M. Carrington for Arms 

to Cap- Fleming's Co 18 7 9 

Ditto paid Ditto for Jacob Michaux 

for Ferriages 19 7/^ 

Ditto paid George Muter for re- 
cruiting Seamen and for one 
months pay to himself & P. 
Chamberlain of H. Galley 80 10 






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Ditto paid Richard Graham for 

Necessaries furnished 3" Reg" 800 " " 

Ditto paid Peter Hunberger for Re- 
cruiting his Marine Company 
and ten months pay to himself 
& Lieut. Th. Kelly 77 10 " 

Ditto paid Aron Jefifery upon ac- 
count for recruiting in the marine 
service & for i months half pay 
advanced - 39 10 " 

24 Ditto paid Richard Apperson for 

Blankette furnished Cap" Mas- 

sie's Com^ 13 11 4 

Ditto paid Ditto for Provisions to 

Prisoners " 4 " 

Ditto paid Edward Dobbyns for 

Waggon hire to the public 49 13 

25 Ditto paid C. Grams for a gun 

furnished Ditto 4 

Ditto paid Miles Taylor for James 

Marsden for Wood furnished the 

Princess Ann Militia on Duty 57 2 6 

Ditto paid Colo' Charles Harrison 

for Cap" James Innis for the 

Company of Artillery to the lO'" 

Inst 378 14 " 

Ditto paid George Reed for Richard 

Eastin for Provisions to Cap" 

Berry's Company 7 n 

Ditto paid M. Jouett for Henry 

Clements for Waggon Hire 726 

Ditto paid William Lime for 2 

guns furnished the pub' 11 " " 

Ditto paid Alder Bell for Timber 

guns &: other Necessaries to the 

Army 54 7 3 

Ditto paid Bembridge Godwin for 

pay & Provisions furn'd the 

Guard at Barretts Point 121 i 2 



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NOTES AND QUERIES 



MANORS 



The Virginia use of the term "uimior:" A learned student of the 
sources of Virginia history has recently said {Va. Mag., xxxii, 107) 
that "there were no manors in Virginia." We understand this to imply 
that the manorial system of local jurisdiction which had developed in 
l-ugland under the Tudors, of which the badges were the court baron 
and the court leet, was not transferred to Virginia. This is unde- 
batable. The proof of it is in relation to the patent granted in 1616 
by the Virginia Company to Capt. John Martin (for whom see Brown, 
Genesis, ii, 943) for that "particular plantation" which he seated as 
"Martin's Brandon" on the lower side of James River. The text of 
this patent is lacking, but it was contemporaneously interpreted as a 
grant to Martin to "enjoye his landes in as lardge and ample a manner, 
to all intentes and purposes, as any Lord of any manours in England 
duth holde his groundc." In 1619 the Virginia Assembly (Journals 
ff. B., 1619-59, P- 8) fairly objected that such powers were incom- 
patible with the establishment in the colony of the uniform system of 
local goveriunent which was contemplated by the fundamental Laws 
and Constitutions enacted by the Virginia Company in 1618; i. e., 
after the date of Martin's grant; and as a consequence the Company 
secured the surrender of Martin's patent of 1616 and issued him a new 
one, minus the manorial jurisdiction (See Kingsbury, Records of the 
Virginia Company, passim). On the other hand, it may be noted that 
the owners of all the several "particular plantations" did for a time 
claim and, until the county system was fully developed, exercised a 
certain measure of local jurisdiction, including a privilege of repre- 
sentation in the Assembly similar to that later exercised by the New 
York patroons (See c. g., the records of Berkeley Hundred, calendared 
in Bulletin N. Y. Public Library, i, 186; iii, 167, 208). 

The only examples of the full fledged jurisdictional manor estab- 
lished in America were in Maryland and New York, but even in those 
colonies they soon withered under pioneer conditions (For Maryland 
sec Johnson, Oh! Maryland Manors, and Gould, Land System in Mary- 
land, Johns Hopkins Studies, 1883 and 1913; for New York, Cad- 
wallader Colden's report of 1732 in Doc. Hist. iV. Y., i, 252, and The 
Lizungstons of Livingston Manor, 1910, passim). 

While a jurisdictional manor on the developed English precedent 
would probably have been impossible in a civilization based on slavery, 



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NOTES AND QUERIES 



189 



certainly so long as practically free land was available on the frontier, 
it remains a fact that the term manor was used in eighteenth century 
Virginia in a special sense, both above and below the Rappahannock. 
By 1700 as Mr. Gould has shown, the Maryland manor had become 
nothing more than a tract of land held intact by entail, which the 
proprietor was administering by a system of "manorial" leases for 
three lives. This precedent seems to have spread across the Potomac 
and to have brought with it the term "manor", not as a claim of special 
jurisdiction but as a description of a system of estate admmistration. 
It will suffice to cite three examples of such usage, of which there 
is formal record: (i) By his will of 1694, George Brent of Wood- 
stock directed that a portion of his share of the Brent Town tract be 
erected into a "manor", of which the remainder should be held, and 
thereafter during the eighteenth century his heirs in tail administered 
that "manor" by leases for three lives (See the surviving fragments 
of the will supplemented by recitals in a subsequent deed, m Va. Mag., 
xviii 96- Prince IVilliam D. B., W : 85; and the "manorial" leases 
noted in Tylers Quar., iv, 164) ; (2) Like Lord Baltimore's charter, 
the several charters of the Northern Neck proprietary had authorized 
the erection of manors with full equipment of court baron and court 
leet, but there was no attempt by the proprietors to set up such courts 
in any of the great tracts granted in the seventeenth century, Mt. 
Vernon, Ravensworth and Brent Town. In 1736 and later years, how- 
ever, reciting specifically the term in the record he made on the pro- 
prietary books. Lord Fairfax erected the "manors" of Leeds, Great 
Falls, South Branch and Greenway Court, all of which he administered 
under the system of leases for three lives without claim of special 
jurisdiction. (3) That William Beverley called his great tract on the 
upper waters of the South Branch of Shenandoah a manor appears 
from the designation of it on the I755 edition of the Fry and Jefferson 
map as "Beverley manor or Irish track." This doubtless meant no 
more than a following of Lord Fairfax's precedent. 

In the sense of these examples, it may fairly be said that the Spots- 
woods, Carters, Fitzhughs, Pages, Burgesses, Balls, William Fairfaxes, 
Colvills and other holders of "great tracts" in northern Virginia on 
which the proprietors did not reside, also established "manors". It 
does not appear that any of these families used the term' in any will, 
deed, or other formal instrument. This was doubtless because that 
term was always unpopular in Virginia and repelled tenants; but be- 
cause their lands in question were entailed and were administered on 
the system of leases for three lives these non-residentiary estates were 
uniformly called "manors" in popular local parlance, and so they are 
described by Kercheval in his History of the Valley. 

The interesting fact is that despite the special jurisdiction which 
would have given these "manors" legal significance, the colonial use 
of the term was not without English precedent. It was a reversion, 






31 » X^f^' <">« h«« 



J90 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

under new conditions, from the contemporary English institution to the 
earlier English designation of a proprietary estate. Just as the Vir- 
ginia County Court had revived and united with that of the Tudor 
Justice of the peace the customary jurisdiction of the "vill" or the 
"hundred" long after that jurisdiction had been distributed between 
the manorial courts and the royal courts in England, so the "manor" 
in the colony revived the simpler form of the manor which Bracton 
knew. Maitland says (History of English Law, 2d ed., 191 1, i, 594) 
that "in the thirteenth century the term vuinerium seems to have been 
no more precise than the term "estate", as commonly used by laymen, 
is at the present time." Holdsworth adds (History of English Laiv, 
cd. 1922. i, 180) an historical explanation in the statement that the 
"manor" as an institution "ca»ie not only to denote a certain tract of 
land held in a certain way hut also to connote jurisdiction." 



BERKELEY'S OPPOSITION TO THE GRANT OF VIRGINIA 
TO LORDS ARLINGTON AND CULPEPER. 

[There survives among the MSS. of the Duke of Leeds at Hornby 
Castle, Bedale, Yorks, the following letter addressed by Sir William 
Berkeley, Governor of Virginia, to the celebrated Thomas Osborne 
(1631-1712), earl of Danby, Lord High Treasurer of England, 1673- 
1679, and later first Duke of Leeds of William Ill's creation. 

In Historical MSS. Covimission Report, xi, Appendix 7, p. 10, this 
letter is calendared, with the suggestion that it referred to the Northern 
Neck grant, doubtless by reason of its identification of the grant in 
question only as "this Patent of my Lord Culpeper ;" but the date, as 
well as the text, belies that attribution. 

In February, 1674-5, when Berkeley wrote, the Northern Neck was 
still vested under the second patent (that of 8 May, 1669) in the earl 
of St. Albans and others, and although about that time Lord Culpeper 
acquired an interest in it, it was not until 21 July, 1681, that he pur- 
chased from the others the full proprietary right. 

On the other hand, the Arlington-Culpeper grant of all Virginia 
(printed in Hening, ii, 569) was dated 25 February, 25 Car. II, and 
news of it had only recently reached Virginia when Berkeley wrote 
to Lord Danby. 

Considering Danby 's general reputation at the time, and Berkeley's 
deprecatory tone, there is interest in Berkeley's suggestion that the 
Crown was not receiving all the Virginia revenues. It will be re- 
membered that Danby's wife was a Bertie and that the burden of a 
contemporary song was : 

At Charing Cross, hard by the way 
Where all the Berties make their way.] 



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NOTES AND QUERIES I9I 

Virginia i Febr. '74/5 
Right Honorable : 

Though absolutely unknown to any thing of your Lordship, But 
your great place and trust you have with his Sacred Majesty and the 
fame of those virtues that procured them yet I hope your Lordship 
will pardon this boldness of importuning your Lordship, especially when 
you shall see that it is either the King's interest or my apprehending 
the King's interest that makes me to presume to write to your Lord- 
ship. My Lord, thus it is the King has a great revenue from this poor 
place (or else the King is wonderfully defrauded) ; not that I impute 
any great merit to my self in this improvement but to the length of 
time which I have served in it. Yet perhaps the universal justice and 
dispatch of it, as well as to the merchants as to the Planters, has been 
some cause of the increase of the Colony and by consequence of his 
majesty's revenue; for to my knowledge there is not one laborer here 
that does not pay the King five pounds sterling yearly, and I verily 
believe that in twenty years more our numbers and returns to his 
majesty will double. By this your Lordship will see how conducible 
to the King's revenue is a moderate and rational encouragement to 
his poor people, that at least they may have something out of their 
sweat and labour to supply their own necessities which they can never 
have if this Patent of my Lord Culpeper be cominanded to be put 
in execution to the utmost rigour of some clauses and powers [that] 
are granted in it. 

Now my Lord you are the most principal officer of his majesty's 
revenue and therefore we humbly hope that your Lordship will not be 
offended with us when we petition you to take a view of His Majesty's 
grant and examine how ruinous it may be to the Royal Patronage, when 
the Planters may be discouraged from their labours to finding that their 
unintermitted labours will not be sufficient to maintain their families. 

My Lord having no support at court nor no means to assure me of a 
hope of the King's favour (but my conscience of having ever done His 
Majesty all the faithful and industrious service I was capable of) were 
a madness, I say, in me to oppose such powerful Lords that can blast 
me with the least breathings of their anger on me if His Majesty's 
interest did not enforce me to this duty ; and I have this further to 
strengthen me in my duty that these great lords shall not be frus- 
trated of the ends of their grant from His Majesty; for we will by 
our agents offer them more than ever they will make of it; and yet 
further I will say that if one of these Lords would vouchsafe to come 
hither and once for all settle what they shall find we are able to do, 
then I say, we will never repine as what they shall impose on us ; for 
being persons of honour we know they will not exact from us any- 
thing but what is just, equitable and supportable. But, my Lord, it 
is their officers we fear who will defraud them and grind us; and 



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19- VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

having by this Patent an equal decided and abstracted power from 

the present governor's of it will unavoidably put the country in some 

disorder. My Lord, you have too many important affairs to be kept 

from them by impertinencies, which this letter may be full of, I shall 

therefore end it with begging your pardon for them. 

Your Lordship's most humble 

and most obedient 

servant 

per the post 1675/4 

Virginia Will Berkeley. 

(Addressed) 

For the Right Hono^ie 

the Lord High Treasurer 
of England. 



LORD CULPEPER'S SURRENDER OF THE ARLINGTON- 
CULPEPER GRANT OF ALL VIRGINLA.. 

[In Hening, ii, 569, 578, is printed (from the subsequently lost 
General Court D. B., 1682-89, No. 3, p. 28) the full text of the grant 
of Virginia by Charles H to Henry, Earl of Arlington, and Thomas, 
Lord Culpeper, dated 25 February, 25 Car. H, and of the assignment 
of his interest therein by Arlington to Culpeper, dated 10 September, 
22, Car. H. Among the McDonald Transcripts (vi, 298) in the Vir- 
ginia State Library is the full text (calendared in CaL Am. & IV. I., 
1681-85, No. 1771, p. 660) of the King's warrant, dated 24 June, 1684, 
for an allowance to Lord Culpeper of £600 per annum for 20 years, 
charged on the establishment of the army, in compensation for his sur- 
render of this patent. Hening prints also (ii, 521) from the Bland 
MS. (see also Cal. Am. & W. I., 1681-85, No. 1815, p. 670) a letter 
from Charles H to Lord Howard of Effingham, dated 25 July, 1684, 
notifying the Virginia government of Lord Culpeper's surrender of 
the grant. But none of the surviving Virginia records, nor any of 
the collections of transcripts of English records in the Virginia State 
Library and the Library of Congress, has made available the text 
of Lord Culpeper's surrender. That document, dated 27 May, 1684, is 
in P. R. O. Treasury, 88:129. Its importance seems sufficient to com- 
plete the printed record by giving here the following transcript.] 

To all to whom these presents shall come. 

The Rt. Hono»>i« Thomas, Lord Culpeper, Baron of Thornsway, 
sendeth Greeting, 

Whereas his Maj" by Letters Patents under the great Seal of Eng- 
land bearing Date the 25th Day of February in the 35th year of his 



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NOTES AND QUERIES 193 

Raigne for the Considerations therein mentioned, Did give, grant and 
Demise unto the Rt. Hono^ie Henry, Earle of Arlington, and Thomas, 
Lord Culpeper, their Executors, Adm" & assignes, 

All that intire Tract, Territory, Region & Dominion of Land and 
water Comonly called Virginia, together with the Territory of Acco- 
mack, and all that part of the Bay of Chesapeack that lyeth between 
the same or any part thereof, And all other the Rights, members, 
Jurisdictions & appurtenances thereof. And Severall other Tracts, 
Regions & Dominions and Territories therein mentioned, as also all 
Islands whatsoever within Ten Leagues of any the Coasts of Any the 
said Territoryes, together with the Soyle of all & singular the premisses, 
and all Woods, Underwoods, Timber & Trees, mountaines. Swamps, 
Waters, Rivers, Lakes, Havens, Ports, Creeks, Wrecks of the Sea, 
Flotson, Jetson and Lagen, Whales & Royall Fishes, whatsoever, to- 
gether with the Royalty of the said Seas and Bayes and all Royall 
Mynes and other mynes whatsoever, as also all & singular the Premisses 
or any part thereof which during the Continuance of the said Grant 
Should in any wise Escheat or become forfeit to his Maj", his heires 
and Successors, and all manner of Quit Rents, and other Yearly Rents, 
Paym's, Dutys and Reservations whatsoever Due or payable upon any 
Grants of the Premisses or any part, or parts thereof made by his 
said Maj'e or any of his Royall predecessors or by the Governor and 
Councill of Virginia for the time being, or any other person or per- 
sons whatsoever, therein including the Rent of Six pounds thirteen 
shillings four pence reserved upon a Grant made by his said Maj"- 
to Henry, late Earle of St. Albans, and others, their heirs and assignes 
for ever, bearing date the 8th day of May in the one & twentieth 
year of his Raign, as also all Powers, Priviledges, Grants, Clauses, 
Covenants, advantages, authorities, conditions. Provisoes, agreem" and 
other things and matters whatsoever mentioned & granted or intended 
to be granted by the said letters Patents (excepting & reserving as 
is therein excepted & reserved) together with all arrears of the said 
Quit Rents and other profits w'*' accrewed since the said Eighth day 
of May, 

To have and to hold all and singular the said Tracts, Regions, Terri- 
tories and Dominions, with all the Rights, Members, Jurisdictions and 
appurtenances thereunto belonging, together with all and singular the 
said Quit Rents and other Yearly Rents, Paymt», Dutys and reser- 
vations and other the premisses unto the said Henry, Earle of Ar- 
lington, and Thomas, Lord Culpeper, their Executors, administrators 
& assignes from the tenth day of March then last past before the date 
thereof untill the full and term of one and thirty years from thence 
next ensuing, and fully to be Compleat and ended at and under the 
yearly Rent of Forty Shillings of Lawful money of England payable 
as therein is expressed as in and by the said Letters Patents remaining 



194 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

on Record (amongst divers other Covenants, Provisos, Grants, Clauses, 
Powers, advantages, authorities. Conditions & agreem's therein Con- 
teined) relation being thereunto had, it doth & may more fully and at 
large appear. 

And IVIicreas the said Earle of Arlington by Indenture bearing date 
the tenth day of September in the three and thirtieth year of his Maj'" 
Raign hath granted and assigned the premisses and all his Estate, right, 
title and Interest therein by virtue of the said letters Patents or other- 
wise, unto the said Thomas Lord Culpeper, his Executors and assignes. 

Now knoiv yee that the said Thomas, Lord Culpeper, for and in 
Consideration of a grant from his said Maj'* to him the said Thomas, 
Lord Culpeper, his Executors, Adm" and assignes of the yearly Sum 
of six hundred pounds per ann. payable quarterly out of the Exchequer 
for and during the term of twenty years and one half year Comencing 
from the five and twentieth day of August now last past, Hath assigned 
and set over, and by these presents doth assign & set over unto Our 
Soveraign Lord the King's Maj'^ his Heires and successors for and 
During all the residue of the said Terme, 

All and singular the premisses in and by the said Letters Patents, 
granted or mentioned to be granted as aforesd, And every of them 
and every part and parcell thereof and all Powers, Priviledges and 
authorities thereby given or therein conteined. As also all manner of 
arrears of Quit Rents and other Rents, Duties and profits now re- 
maining Due and unpaid by the respective Tenants and Owners of the 
Premisses, or any part or parts thereof. And all the Estate, Right, 
Title, Interest, Property, Claim and Demand whatsoever w^i- the said 
Thomas, Lord Culpeper, now hath in and unto all and singular the 
premisses and every or any parts or parcells thereof by virtue of the 
said first recited Letters Patents and assignm' from the said Earle 
of Arlingttni (except all arrears of the above mentioned Rent of Six 
pounds thirteen shillings Four pence reserved on the before recited 
Grant to Henry, Earle of St. Alban, and others bearing Date the 
Eighth day of May in the one and twentieth year of his Maj"» Raigne 
due upon or at any time before Michaelmas Day now last past, to- 
gether with the said Rent of Six pounds thirteen shillings four pence 
to grow and become due on midsummer day now next ensuing; 

Pro^ndcd alwayes And it is hereby intended Declared and agreed that 
no Quit Rents, moneys or arrears of Quit Rents or other Profits what- 
soever, w^^ now are or shall be received by or remaining in the hands 
of any Sheriff, Receiver or other Collectors or officers whatsoever at 
any time before the tenth Day of May next ensuing the date hereof 
shall be hereby assigned or set over, released or Discharged, but that 
the same and every of them do & shall belong to the said Thomas, Lord 
Culpeper, his Executors, Adni" and assignes to his and their owne 
proper use and behoof, with full power and Lawfull authority for 



NOTES AND QUERIES 195 

him and thcin to sue for and recover the same, either in their owne 
name or his Maj'"^ as is particularly expressed in the said Letters 
Patents, Tlicse presents or any other matter or thing to the Contrary 
in any wise notwithstanding. 

And Lastly, The said Thomas, Lord Culpeper, Doth hereby Remise, 
Release and for ever quit claim unto his said Ma«y, All arrears of 
Salary payable unto him, the said Thomas, Lord Culpeper, as Gover- 
nor of Virginia, as also all sums of money expended and laid out 
and due or payable to him, and all other Pretensions from his Maj"' 
(luring his Government of Virginia relating to the said Governm and 
Colony, Except the sum of seaven hundred pounds ordered by his 
Maj'«'» warrant bearing Date the 24th day of this Instant May to be 
paid to the said Thomas, Lord Culpeper out of the Revenue arising 
in Virginia, as the remaining part of one years salary, Due from 
Christmas, 1680, to midsummer following, deduction being first to be 
made out of the said seaven hundred Pounds of any sum or sums that 
shall appear to have been received by the said Thomas Lord Culpeper 
or bis assignes since that time on the publique Accompt of Virginia 
(w^i' if any such be, are hereby released unto his Maj«<^) according 
to his Maj«'s Warrant aforesaid and agreement therein mentioned 
to be made with the said Thomas, Lord Culpeper, in that behalf. 

1)1 Witness zvlicrcof the said Thomas, Ld. Culpeper, hath hereunto 
;ct his hand and seale the Seaven and twentieth Day of May in the Six 
and thirtieth year of the Raign of our Soveraign Lord Charles the 
second by the Grace of God of England, Scotland, France & Ireland. 
King Defender of the Faith &c and in the year of our Lord Christ 
one Thousand, Six hundred Eighty Four. 



PETITION OF CHARLES NEILSON. 
Contributed by R. B. Munford, Jr. 

(From Archives Dept. Va. State Library. File "Executive Com- 
munications Thos. Jefferson Jany 1779, Dec. 11, 1779." 

A letter reading as follows : [Does not say to whom addressed — 
doubtless to Governor Jefferson & Council or to the General Assembly.] 

Hon'-ie Sirs, 

Nothing but the unhappy Situation to which I am reduc'd by a long 
and tedious confinement could induce me to address you at this time 
when the Important Afairs of the State must necessarily Engross every 
moment of your time. 

Earlie in April 1776 my Banishment was announced by the Com 
mittee of Safety at which time my Estate was order'd into the hand; 
of Commissioners & myself ordered into this County; Without one 



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ig6 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

farthing for my traveling charges nor have I received the smallest 
alowance for my Subsistence ever since. This has obliged me to apply 
to those whom actuated by the Principals of Humanity felt for my 
Distress and advanced me a Sum of money; but unable longer to pro- 
cure that Friendly aid, and every necessary of Life rose to such ex- 
travigant Prices I have been reduc'd to the Cruel tho unavoidable 
necessity of selling some Negroes the Property of my helpless Infants 
for our support, pay the Commissioners for the hire of my own Ser- 
vants, and to pay the Taxes on those Servants with every Penalty. 

Before my Banishment my afairs were much Involv'd and now my 
Creditors are daily Importuning me, alase I am deprived of the means 
of paying them unless your Honours will be pleas'd in your Wisdom 
and Clemency to rescind the order for my Confinement and enable 
me to sell my estate to satisfie the first demands of my Creditors, pay 
the Debts I have Contracted during my Confinement and procure some 
necessaries for my Family of which They are almost Destitute. 

As a man who wishes to act the honest part to His Creditors and 
Daily experiencing the anguish of a Parent and Husband deprived of 
every means of relieving those depending on Him from apparent Dis- 
tress — In that light be pleas'd to view me then Judge my Feelings. 
Thus I have in a very Candid manner represented my unfortunate 
Situation, and to which I beg your Honours Attention. 

1 am 

Hon<« Sirs 

Your most Obedient 
and very Hble Serv. 

(Signed) Chas. Neilson. 
Fauquier 

July 26, 1779. 

"In the House of Delegates 

the 22J of October 1779. 

Resolved that Charles Neilson be discharged from the confinement to 
which he was ordered by a Resolution of the Convention in May 1776 
that his Estate be restored to him and that the Bond which he then 
gave be canceled. 

Teste 

John Beckley C. h. d. 
26"> October 1779 

Agreed to by the Senate 
Will Drew C. S. 

[Charles Neilson had been a wealthy merchant of Urbana and 
had been arrested as a Tory.] 



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NOTES AND QUERJES 197 

LETTERS FROM COLONELS BRENT AND GIBSON 
Contributed by R. B. Munford, Jr. 

Va. State Archives. Filed under "Executive Communications Thos. 
Jefferson April 7 1780 — Dec. 29 1780" 

A joint letter from Col. Gibson & Col. Brent addressed to "The 
Honbie B. Harrison Esq' Speaker of The House of Delegates" 

/ 
Richmond 23<> May 1780 
Sir: 

We take liberty thro you to represent to the Gen' Assembly the 
many disadvantageous circumstances which the Regiments we have 
the Honor to command sustain on their present Establishment. 

The resolution of Congress passed at a very early period of this 
contest discriminating the Rank of State and Continental troops has 
in its operations subjected us to various discouragements. It may be 
sufficient here only to say that during three years in which we have 
done duty with the Continental Army we have had the mortification to 
see our rank trampled under foot by unjust & partial Regulations and 
the opportunities of doing Honor to ourselves & the State we belong 
to have been divested from us. Nor are these the only Injuries we 
have experienced. Peculiar priviledges to which as your Soldiers we 
were entitled have been Distributed to us with partiality & Injustice. 
The first & second State Regiments have hitherto acquiesced in these 
Evils from a persuasion that they would be immediately removed as 
soon as proper representation thereof cou'd be made to the Legislature 
of Virginia trusting that by that Respectable body their rank & priv- 
iledges in future would be amply secured to them. We therefore Sir 
as their representatives beg leave to request that a Committee of the 
Honble the Assembly may be appointed to take Cognizance of their 
Complaints on which we should be happy to attend to illustrate the 
subject matter of this letter by such Information and authentic docu- 
ments as We are able to afford. 

We have the Honor to be with the greatest respect 

Sir 
Your Obed' Humble Serv'» 

(Signed) Geo. Gibson Col" 
i-t V. S. R. 
W. Brent Col" 
2 Virg. S. Regt 



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198 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

SAUNDERS FAMILY (Jan. Magazine) Corrections. 

On p. 93, 1. 10, "Manhood", should read "Manor"; on same p., 2d 
1. from bottom, for "Malbore" read "Malbone". The compositor 
skipped erne hne of the copy. On hnes 23 and 24 after the words 
"seaven acres of land", insert "which is in Issaks [Essex] in England, 
and a quart". From the word "tankard", following "quart" the text 
is correct. 



GENEALOGY I99 



GENEALOGY 



HARRISON OF JAMES RIVER. 

(Continued) 

Note. By a typographical error there was omitted on p. 102, Jan. 
1924 magazine, among the children of Benjamin* and Anne (Carter) 
Harrison, the name of their son, Charles. His name will be carried 
in the genealogy as "23-a Charles"." 

8. Henry' H.-vrrison (Bciijuiiii)i^), of Surry county, was born in 
i6g2(?) and died Sept. 24, 1732. He was appointed a justice' of the 
court of his county as soon as he was of age, and was a member of 
the House of Burgesses at the sessions of August 1715, April 1718, 
November 1718, November 1720, May 1722, December 1722, May 1726, 
February 1727-8, and May 1730. He was appointed a member of the 
Council in 1730. He left a considerable fortune, which, after his wife's 
death, passed to his nephew, Benjamin Harrison, of "Berkeley". He 
made a will, which, as it does not appear to be in Surry, must have 
been recorded in the General Court and has been destroyed. 

He married, April ist, 1708, Elizabeth, daughter of John Smith, 
of "Purton", Gloucester county, and had no issue. She married, secondly 
(his 2nd wife), Francis Willis, of Gloucester. 

His tomb in the family burying ground at Brandon is an obelisk, 
which for some time was in bad condition ; but has now been repaired. 
It bears arms: azure, three demi-lions rampant, or. Crest: a dcmi-lion 
rampant, arg, holding a laurel branch vert. These differ from the arms 
on the tomb of the wife of his nephew, Nathaniel Harrison. The 
latter seem to have been the arms commonly used on silver, etc. 

"Under this peaceful marble rests the body of 

Henry Harrison, Esq. 

Who with great firmness resigned his spirit 

Unto the hands of his Maker 

the 24th day of Sept. 1732, 

in the 40th year of his age, 

Unfortunately alas for his friends 

tho' not for himself, who exchanged a life of care 

and sorrow for a happy immortality. 

In his public character he was 



200 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

an upright Judge and unbiassed Counsellor 

ever true to the interest of his King and his Country, 

and in private life he was 

a tender husband, a merciful master, 

a fair dealer and generous friend. 

Pious to God and beneficent to man; 

So kind was he to his relations, 

that his grateful heir 

tho' he gained a large fortune yet thought 

himself a loser by his death, 

and at his own cost and charge 

hath erected 

this monument in honour 

to his memory." 

II. Nathaniel* Harrison (Nathantcr), of "Brandon", Prince 
George county, was born in 1703 and died Oct. i, 1791. His father 
devised to him all of his lands in Charles City and Prince George 
counties, 4245 acres, called New Hope, in Brunswick, and many slaves. 

At the session of Assembly of October 1765, reciting that Nathaniel 
Harrison owned, among other lands, two tracts in Priijce George 
county, viz : Coggin's Point, 1973 acres, and Brandon, about 7000 acres, 
the entail on Coggin's Point was docked and the said Nathaniel Har- 
rison was authorized to sell it, and to use the proceeds in the pur- 
chase of slaves to be placed on Brandon. 

Col. Harrison appears to have held no offices during the Colonial 
period except his rank in the militia and as a member of the county 
court. At the outbreak of the Revolution he, with his son Benjamin, 
was a member of the Prince George Committee of Safety, and when 
his son declined election as a member of the first Executive Council 
of the State in 1776, Nathaniel Harrison was, in that year, elected in 
his place. 

After Nathaniel Harrison's second marriage, in 1748, he removed 
to Stafford county. In 1752 an act of Assembly was passed reciting 
that Nathaniel Harrison and Hugh Adie, of the county of Stafford, 
gentlemen, had, in 1749, contracted to build a brick court house for 
the sum of 44,500 lbs. of tobacco, and in 1750, just as it was almost 
completed it was feloniously burned. The county court was therefore 
ordered to levy and pay to Harrison and Adie such proportion of the 
contract price as it should judge fair compensation for time, labor 
and material. It is not known when he returned to Brandon. 

The will of Nathaniel Harrison of Brandon was dated Aug. i, 
1789, and proved in Prince George county March 13, 1792. He gave 
his wife the use of his plantation called Church Pasture Quarter, 
provided she work no more than 20 hands on it ; bequest to daughter 



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GENEALOGY 201 

Elizabeth Fitzhugh for her life, with reversion to his son Benjamin 
and all the rest of the estate to his son Benjamin. 
His epitaph, at Brandon, is as follows : 

"Sacred 

to the Memory of 

Nathaniel Harrison 

of Brandon, Eldest Son of Nathaniel & Mary 

Harrison, of Wakefield. He died 

October 1st 1791, at the age 

of 78 years." 

Nathaniel Harrison married ist Mary, daughter of Cole Digges, 
of York county. President of the Council. Her tomb at Denbigh 
Church, Warwick county, bears an armorial shield. Harrison : azure, 
two bars ermine, bctiveen fire estoiles, three, hvo, one, impaling Digges, 
and the following epitaph: 

"Here lieth 

The body of Mary Harrison 

Daughter of the Hon'ble Cole Digges, Esq. 

President of his Maj'ty's Council for this Colony 

and 

Late Wife of Colonel Nathaniel Harrison 

of Prince George County 

By whom she had four children, viz 

Nathaniel who was born May 27th 1739 

and died June 13th 1740, 

Digges who was born October 226., and died Nov'r 12th 1741 

(both interred near this place) 

Also Elizabeth born July 30th 1737 

Benjamin born February 13th 1742. 

She so discharged the Several Duties 

of Wife, Mother, Daughter, Neighbor 

that her Relations & Acquaintances 

Might justly esteem their affliction insupportable 

Was it not chastened with the Remembrance 

That every Virtue which adds weights to their loss 

Augments her Reward. 

Obit Nov'r 1744 ^t 27" 

Col. Harrison married secondly in 1748, Lucy, daughter of Robert 
("King") Carter, of "Corotoman" and widow of Henry Fitzhugh, of 
"Eagle's Nest", Stafford (now King George). By an order of Staf- 
ford Court Feb. 15, 1748, there was set aside out of the estate of Col. 
Henry Fitzhugh, deceased, Mrs. Lucy Harrison's dower and third of 
slaves, stocks, etc., and by an agreement made by Col. Nathaniel Har- 



liw ssas'^ 



202 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

rison, (of Brandon), and Lucy his wife, late wife of Henry Fitzhugh, 
set aside for her 732 acres of "the home house tract," and 27 slaves. 
Mrs. Harrison's Fitzhugh children were young, and probably Col. 
and Mrs. Harrison lived at "Eagle's Nest". Nathaniel Harrison seems 
to have been an obliging husband. The fact that his first wife and 
two children were buried at Denbigh Church makes it seem that during 
the time of the first marriage. Col. Harrison and his wife lived near 
her relations in Warwick. Brandon had long been managed for non- 
resident English owners and it is possible that there were only small 
dwellings for overseers and managers on the plantation. 

There was no issue by the second marriage. 

There is a tradition that Thomas Jefferson designed the central 
building of the house at Brandon, and in "Thomas Jefferson, Archi- 
tect," privately printed by Mrs. Coolidge, and edited by Prof. Fiske 
Kimball, there is a plan for a house (without any text or description) 
which the editor thinks may have been intended for Brandon, and to 
have been drawn about 1789. The plan, however, differs from that 
of the present Brandon house. 

It has been difficult to understand why the owners of such an estate 
were so late in building a mansion house; but this may be accounted 
for, as before shown, by the fact that the plantation was long managed 
for the English owners and that Nathaniel Harrison did not live there 
regularly until late in life. The present house may have been built 
for Nathaniel Harrison's son Benjamin at the time of his first marriage. 

Nathaniel and Mary (Digges) Harrison had issue: 28. Nathaniel*, 
born May 27, 1739, died June 13, 1740; 29. Digges^ born Oct. 22, died 
Nov. 12, 1741 ; 30. Elizabeth*, born July 30, 1737, married January 31, 
1760, Major John Fitzhugh, of "Marmion", Stafford (now King Geroge 
county); 31. Benjamin*. 

(To be continued) 



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BOOK REVIEWS 203 



BOOK REVIEWS 



Dwelly's Parish Records. Vol. 12, North Pftherton Registers, 
annotated with the Bishop's Transcripts at Wells (Section 3, pp. 
513-768). Copied from the originals by E. Dwelly, F. S. A. Scot.; 
F. S. G. West Eweli, Surrey, MCMXXIII. Sole agent in America, 
F. J. Wilder, 28 Warren Avenue, Somerville, Alass. 
Mr. Dwelly continues in his usual thorough way the publication of 
Somersetshire parish registers, comparing and in many instances sup- 
plying gaps from the Bishop's transcripts. We can again heartily com- 
mend Mr. Dwelly's books, and would suggest that those who are in- 
terested, should write to him at West Ewell, Surrey, England. 

Washington's Southern Tour 1791. By Archibald Henderson, with 

illustrations. Boston and New York. Houghton Mifflin Company, 

1923, pp. XXX, 339, with 88 illustrations. 

From the outside of the front cover, with its gilt coach, entirely through 
to the back, this is a beautiful book and it is more. In spite of wliat 
modern writers have done to bring Washington down from the monu- 
ment, we still associate with him the word "stately," and the first im- 
pression of this book is that it is stately, as becomes its subject. 

Publisher's description have to be, sometimes, discounted ; but that 
given of this volume is so entirely accurate, that it may be copied as a 
summary, ready to hand, which this reviewer would only duplicate in 
writing his own account. 

"The present book — the material for which was obtained after years 
of research, from rare and inaccessable letters, documents, speeches, 
etc., and from Washington's Journal — is the detailed account of this 
trip set forth by Mr. Archibald Henderson, a distinguished historical 
scholar. It contains the day by day narrative of Washington's journey, 
showing how he traveled, where he "baited," slept and spoke, what he 
wore, how he was received, and also his own opinion of the States he 
traversed and their inhabitants. 

Washington's purpose in making this trip was twofold; he wanted 
to see with his own eyes the economic condition of the Southern States, 
and to estimate for himself the prosperity and the loyalty of their citi- 
zens. And secondly, he considered it advisable that he should be seen 
by them, not in a spirit of complacent self-glorification, but as the 
personification of the infant republic he had struggled so arduously 
to help create, and as the emblem of the loyalty they owed it. 

The contents of this book show how successfully he achieved his 
purpose. The shrewd, wise comments he made in letters and in his 
Journal give a clear-cut picture of the South as it was at the end of 
the century; and the letters, speeches, and state proclamations of his 
Southern hosts indicate how completely the First Executive captured 
the loyalty and fired the imagination of the people. 

Washington started from Mount Vernon April 7th, in his own 
splendid coach, with postilions, outriders, and a baggage train, and after 
making his first stop at Fredericksburg, visited Richmond and Peters- 
burg, Virginia, and then passed into North Carolina, traveling by Hali- 
fax, Tarborough, Greenville, New Bern, Trenton, and Wilmington. He 
then proceeded to Georgetown and Charleston, South Carolina, Savan- 
-nah and Augusta in Georgia, and returned by way of Columbia, South 
Carolina, Salisbury, and Salem, North Carolina. Views of these cities, 



204 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

as well as portraits of many of the people Washington met, are in- 
cluded in the sixty illustrations, many of these exceedingly rare, many 
not hitherto reproduced, which the book contains." 

Dr. Henderson's editing has been very w-ell done and his notes give 
a great amount of information about people and places named in Wash- 
ington's diary. 

The illustrations are a very remarkable feature of this valuable book. 
They include numerous portraits, views, etc., either now published for 
the first time in book form or so scarce as to be practically inaccessable. 

Text, notes, and illustrations form, together, not only a valuable ad- 
dition to our knowledge of Washington ; but also of people and con- 
ditions in Virginia, North and South Carolina, and Georgia in 1791. 

Historic Gardens of Virginia. By The James River Garden Club. 
The William Byrd Press, Inc., Richmond, Virginia. 

Exactly what idea is intended to be conveyed by "Historic," as ap- 
plied to Gardens, it is difficult to determine, but the great Cervantes 
is authority for the statement that "Historians ought to be precise, 
faithful and unprejudiced." 

In this respect the beautiful volume under review is occasionally 
at fault so far as the Gardens of Orange County are described; which 
is the only feature of it that I presume to criticize. 

Being wholly the work of ladies, a reviewer must work softly, and 
touch lightly, the errors to which he calls attention, and even then 
stand in the dreadful awe of the XIX Amendment. 

Passing by minor and immaterial errors as to Barboursville and 
Woodberry Forest (which the Madisons always spelled Woodbury, it 
having been named for the old English Manor house), we come to 
Horseshoe, where the error is so grave that it becomes a public duty 
to correct it. 

Manifestly the author of the Horseshoe sketch was misled by a 
duplication of the name, though the error has not been corrected in 
a second edition. 

Quoting Col. Byrd's brief account of his visit to Col. Spotswood at 
Germanna — "in the afternoon we walkt in a meadow by the river side, 
which winds in the form of a Horseshoe about Germanna," the writer 
proceeds to locate the Horseshoe she so charmingly describes some 
eighteen miles higher up the river. 

The Spotswood "Horseshoe about Germanna" described by Col. Byrd 
lies just across the river from that now Deserted Village. It is still 
known as Horseshoe; and is now owned by Doctor Willis, who re- 
sides there. The Horseshoe of "Historic Gardens" is about eighteen 
miles distant, and on it is a splendid mansion modeled after our State 
Capitol. It was once owned by Bishop Wilmer, but was built by Mr. 
Charles Moncure, formerly of Richmond. 

SpGiswood's Garden lay on the Orange side of the Rapidan. It 
was symmetrically terraced, and the terraces were distinctly defined 
as lately as 1880 when I first visited Germanna. 

The "Tidewater Trail"— of the State Highway System— running 
from Newport News to Sperryville in Rappahannock County where 
it intersects the "Lee Highway," crosses the Rapidan at Germanna, 
which now is only part of the landscape known as the "Wilderness," 
and yet more "historic" than any mere Garden in the whole of Virginia. 
The home of Parson Thompson, known as "Salubria", who niar- 
ried Spotswood's widow, is about a mile to the east of Stevensburg, 
in Culpeper County; a substantial brick mansion wainscoted to the ceil- 
ing, now owned by Rear Admiral Grayson, late physician of Ex- 
President Wilson. 



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BOOK REVIEWS 205 

All these facts are well known to me, and can be easily verified to 
the satisfaction of any Doubting Thomas. 

Orange County, Va. W. W. Scott. 

Virginian Writers of Fugitive Verse. By Armistead C. Gordon, Jr. 
James T. White & Co., New York. XV, 404 pp. 

The author and the publishers are alike to be congratulated for the 
beautiful book they have made. Tasteful and pleasing binding, excel- 
lent paper, and beautiful type give the volume an air of distinction, 
not unworthy even of the imposing array of great names within. 

Although made primarily for Virginians, the volume has much to 
interest those who, by misfortune of birth, are shut from this charmed 
circle. 

The critical material is abundant and excellent, for the most part. 
The "Introduction" is by no less a hand than that of Thomas Nelson 
Page, but like most introductions, it adds almost nothing to the value 
of the volume. Even our veneration for the Mother of States can 
not make her the Mother of Poets and we are unable to follow Mr. 
Page when he claims that "the best done in Virginia" is "a body of 
lyric verse which for either quantity or quality has not been excelled, 
if equalled, by that in any other part of the country except in Massa- 
chusetts and there only in the single generation in which the Massa- 
chusetts School reached its flood." We are glad to find no such lapses 
of judgment in Dr. Gordon's appraisals of Virginia poets, among whom, 
with Poe left out of question, and even with doubtful claim to Father 
Ryan, there is none to rank with Henry Timrod, Paul Hamilton Hayne, 
Sidney I^nier, and, in dialect verse, with Joel Chandler Harris. 

The general plan of the volume is admirable. Dr. Gordon has 
gone about his work with true doctorial thoroughness, but with a 
charm of style that makes his dullest pages eminently readable. 

After a chapter of definition, limitation, and summary, the work 
is taken up in chronological order. Two chapters are given to the 
Colonial Period ; a chapter each to the Revolutionary Preiod, The 
Period of Confederation, and The Civil War and Reconstruction Period. 
In the concluding chapter. The National Period, Dr. Gordon has found 
his material so various and e.Ktensive that he has wisely adopted the 
alphabetical arrangement, with brief sketches of the authors repre- 
sented. 

The critical material concludes with a good Bibliography and an 
admirable index, which, under a single alphabet, covers both critical 
material and selections. 

Dr. Gordon (p. 3) speaks of "Mrs. Beers's 'All Quiet along the 
Potomac To-night'." Is not the evidence conclusive that the long 
disputed authorship of this famous poem belongs to Thaddeus Oliver, 
of Georgia? (See Southern Historical Society Papers, Vol. VIII, 
pp. 255-260.) 

In only a single instance can we take issue with Dr. Gordon in mat- 
ters of taste and judgment: the reprinting of the lines ascribed to 
Washington and first given wide publicity in Ford's The True George 
W ashing ton. Surely the spirit of the Father of His Country, con- 
fronted once more with this pitiful indiscretion, might well cry out 
that his punishment is more than he can bear I 

Certain verses are ascribed to Jefferson also, but these are wisely 
hidden away in the commentary. 

In his seven chapters of commentary, the author has wandered far 
afield and has collected material that is invaluable. Forgotten authors 
are brought to light ; long buried collections and once famous single 
poems are dug up, and in all cases there is fitting appraisal. 



206 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

In numberless cases errors are corrected and doubtful questions set- 
tled. For example, the lines "To Pocahontas," quoted by John Davis 
in his The l-'irst Settlers of Virginia, and in his Travels attributed to 
John Rolfe, are held by Dr. Gordon, on good evidence, to be the work 
of Davis himself. Even Dr. Gordon, however, has not been able to 
give us any light on the authorship of "Bacon's Epitaph." This is 
universally conceded to be the best piece of poetry published in Co- 
lonial America ; but we ourselves must confess to a sneaking fond- 
ness for the counter-blast — "The Death of G. B." How vigorously 
the fiery old Royalist can curse ! 

"Death keep him close ; 
IVe have too many devils still go loose." 

Dr. Gordon, by publishing both poems, — the one in the selections, 
the other in the critical material, — has cleared up, forever we trust, 
the popular confusion between 

"The roses nowhere bloom so white 
As in Virginia," 

a poem written by Harry Curran Wilbur, of Pennsylvania, and called 
"In Virginia," and the poem "In Old Virginia," by Benjamin B. Val- 
entine and beginning : 

"I love the mountains wreathed in mist. 
The twilight skies of amethyst, 
The groves of ancient oaks, sun-kissed. 
In old Virginia." 

The latter is the better poem but has failed to catch the popular fancy. 
Dr. Gordon has gone over his ground so thoroughly that sins of 
omission are not numerous. We regret to miss the name of Nannie 
Langhorne, whose lovely lyrics we read years ago in the Lynchburci 
Virginian and in General Basil Duke's Southern Magazine. And in 
a future edition, Dr. Gordon will certainly include "To the Mocking- 
bird" by General Edwin Lee, a cousin of our great Commander. The 
poem was published in the '70's in the Baltimore American. It was 
a favorite with Governor Fitz Lee and was often quoted in his speeches. 
The poem possesses some merit, as may be seen from the following 
stanza : 

"God bless thee, Southern Bird, God bless thy lay ! 
Like music in a dream 

It floats from old Potomac's cliffs away 
To Colorado's stream ; 

From where Virginia's mountain torrents roar 

To where the warm gulf laps the Texan shore." 

Virginians have always been great classicists ; and excellent trans- 
lations are found in Dr. Gordon's volume. One of the best is General 
Lewis Littlepage's transcript of Horace's Immortal "Integer vitae 
scelcrisque purus." 

It would l)e hardly fair to say that nowhere in the volume do we 
hear the accents of great poetry. The title 'fugitive', as Dr. Gordon 
explains, precludes the best work even of the authors represented. 
Most Southern poetry is the work of amateurs. Even that match- 
less Grecian, Gilderslceve, is not happy when he essays original verse. 
And trained romancers, like Amelie Rives and Ellen Glasgow, in verse- 
making, write with the left hand. 

But the volume contains much that is worthy of a place in any 
collection of American poetry, — Chamberlayne's "Leaves from the An- 
thology," Coleman's "Over the Sea Lies Spain," Virginia Tunstall's 



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BOOK REVIEWS 2O7 

"Parting," and Nancy Byrd Turner's four lyrics. Miss Turner's 
"The Dream Peddler" is perhaps the most delightful thing in the 
volume, despite inevitable comparison with Beddoes' "Dream' Pedlary." 
And here are two exquisite fragments from the hand of William 
Peterfield Trent: 

"Light of love, forever flitting, 
One branch for another quitting, 
Lest age grip thee ere thou know it, 
Heed the warning of the Poet — 
Youth, his shoulders winged with rapture. 
Is not subject to recapture." 
And this : 

"Joy and love, where are ye flown? 
Light of life, art hid away? 
When the clouds are all o'erblown, 
When the sun comes back to stay. 
Shall we live our lives once more 
With the zest we knew of yore? 

Yes, for youth was born to love, 
And young veins must run with joy; 
Still shall light from heaven above 
Kiss the cheeks of girl and boy; 
But the eyes that pine to-day 
Shall be shut then 'neath the clay." 

Now, one of these is original and the other a transcript from Theo- 
critus. And both are — poetry ! 

Will not all Virginians see to it that Dr. Gordon's book finds a 
place in every public and private library? Benjamin Sledd. 

A History ok Colonial Virginia, The First Permanent Colony 
IN America. To which is added the genealogy of the several shires 
and counties and population in Virginia from the first Spanish Colony 
to the present time. By William Broaddus Cridlin, Secretary of the 
Va. Hi.-torical Pageant Association, Registrar Va. Society Sons of 
the American Revolution. Pageant Edition. Williams Printing Co., 
Richmond, Va., 1923, pp. 181, with index and map. 
Mr. Cridlin has done a useful work in popularizing details of Vir- 
ginia history generally known only to special students of the subject. 
He has been able to do this, within the confines of his pages, by treat- 
ing only of the history of the colony until the end of Bacon's Re- 
IjcUion. He begins with a chapter on the Indians, and follows this 
with notices of Spanish settlements in 1526 and 1570. It should be 
stated that these settlements are debatable subjects; but there is neither 
space nor time, nor has the reviewer the special knowledge needed to 
properly discuss the matter. Then follows an account of the Roanoke 
Colony, the settlement at Jamestown, and the history of the colony 
through 1676 is treated in chronological order, with much interesting 
information from contemporary writers and manuscript sources. 

The fornution and succession of various counties and the estimated 
population list are very useful. 

The name of Newport News is not so finally settled as the author 
states. Grants of land before 1630 spell it Newport Ncivcs, and spell- 
ing by British officers as Nciisl', during the Revolution, is of no au- 
thority whatever, since (whatever the original form) it had been spelt 
Nrzvs for a hundred years before. 

On p. 61 in the chapter on "Origin of County Names", Stafford was 
certainly not named from any English parish but from Staffordshire. 



.jtiT fiioii Uiii^jfiifc-i 



^M* »^. S..Ji 



208 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

There are some misprints, most of them corrected in the sheet of 
errata ; but these do not at all detract from the merits of a valuable 
and instructive book. 

A great deal about our early history, not generally known, can 
be learned from Mr. Cridlin's work. 

The Family and Early Life of Stonewall Jackson. By Roy Bird 
Cook, Author of "Lewis County (W. Va.) in the Civil War," (&c.) 
1924. Old Dominion Press, Inc., Publishers, 109 Governor St., Rich- 
mond, Va. pp. 96 with 14 illustrations. 

Stonewall Jackson has been the subject of so many books, essays and 
studies, that it would seem there was nothing new to tell of his life. 
But to believe this would be, emphatically, an error. Mr. Cook's oppor- 
tunities and his careful investigation have enabled him to tell the story 
of the great soldier's early life in a way which will make his book one 
which all of Jackson's countless admirers will prize. 

The author has given much new information and done away with a 
number of fables. It would appear that, as far as Jackson's youth was 
concerned, Dr. Dabney played the part Wirt had earlier performed in 
regard to Patrick Henry. 

Dr. H. J. Eckenrode, who does not speak lightly of historical sub- 
jects, says in the "Editor's Preface" that "the reader may be sure that 
what he finds bears the stamp of authentic history. Much new matter, 
garnered here and there, has been added. The result is that by far the 
most complete account of the youth of the great general is to be found 
in these pages." 

Mr. Cook begins with a careful genealogy of the Jackson family 
whose emigrant ancestor John Jackson, a Protestant Ulsterman, left 
the neighborhood of Coleraine, with his parents in 1729, and after living 
for a time in England, New Jersey and Maryland, came, in 1758, to what 
is now West Virginia. In almost every branch of his descendants 
ability was shown and many were prominent in public life. A family 
which in addition to the great General and other gallant soldiers could 
produce several judges of the higher Courts, a governor of a state, 
several members of Congress and a number of members of state legis- 
latures, may with justice be pronounced one of distinction. 

The author treats of Jackson's paternal ancestors fully and with 
justice for he inherited the traits of the Presbyterians of Ulster; but 
only gives a brief notice of his mother's line. 

Those of us who have always associated T. J. Jackson with the Scotch- 
Irish as race and the Trans-Alleghany region as an ancestral home will 
be greatly surprised to learn that General Jackson also came from a 
long line of Eastern Virginia ancestry. The starting point in tracing 
Mrs. Julia Beckwith Neale Jackson's forefathers is sufficient to enable 
one to trace her ancestry, not only to the Winns, Eighteenth Century set- 
tlers in the present Loudoun, and the Withers, late Seventeenth Century 
planters in Stafford, but to families who were among the very earliest 
settlers in the extreme eastern part of the Northern Neck. Among those 
were the Neales (1659), Presleys, of "Northumberland House" (1647), 
Rodhams (1653) and Underwoods (1649)- — approximate dates. It is 
pleasant to feel that the East shares equally with the West in the blood of 
the great commander. We predict a wide demand for this book. 



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Virginia Magazine 

OF 

HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY 



Vol. XXXII. July, 1924 No. 3 



THE VIRGINIA CLERGY 



GOVERNOR GOOCH'S LETTERS 

to the 

Bishop of London 

1727-1749 

From the Fulham Manuscripts. 



The thanks of this Society are given to Mr. Fairfax Harrison for 
the copies of the letters printed below and to Rev. G. McLaren Brydon 
for his careful and scholarly editing. 

The letters which form the basis of this article have been 
copied from the originals at Fulham Palace, and have been 
presented to the Virginia Historical Society by Mr. Fairfax 
Harrison. They constitute a series written during the years 
1727-1744 by William Gooch, governor of Virginia, (1727- 
1749)), to Edmund Gibson, Bishop of Lxjndon, (1723-1748), 
dealing with the subject of the clergy of the Church of Eng- 
land who were licensed by the Bishop of London to officiate in 
Virginia, and of men who were recommended by the Governor 
to the Bishop for ordination and his license. 

One might expect to find little of general interest in so 



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210 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

purely a routine matter as the supply of clergy for the Colony: 
and yet for that reason, because they deal with the ordinary 
and usual course of events rather than the extraordinary and 
unusual, they throw a ray of much needed light upon the 
Church life of the period. Written as they were by a man 
of sterling character and real religious conviction, who took 
seriously his share of responsibility for the welfare of the 
Church established in the colony, they present a fairer and 
truer picture of conditions than can possibly be given by the 
ex-parte statements of partizans whose cause might be strength- 
ened by proving the general un worthiness of the clergy and 
lack of spiritual life among the people. 

The Governor recognizes the fact that some among the 
clergy are unworthy of their calling and that many are in- 
dififerent to their responsibilities, — a condition which doubt- 
less improved during his administration. And yet he is quick 
to deny the accusations of an anonymous writer, (see letter 
of July 8th, 1735), of widespread un worthiness among the 
clergy, and defends the character of a number who had been 
accused. One cannot fail to perceive through all his letters, 
in his recommendations of men for ordination, that he was 
seeking ministers of blameless life, good education and earnest- 
ness of purpose, — and finding them. Also, even while he calls 
attention to and condemns some of the evils arising from a 
lax regard of moral laws, he nevertheless comments upon the 
character of the laity of the Province as being "so well in- 
clined to Religion and X'ertue that 'tis a great pity they should 
want instruction" through a lack of ministers. 

The Governor, in commenting upon the charges in the anony- 
mous letter mentioned above, calls attention to a fact which 
must always be borne in mind when the character of the Co- 
lonial Church and its clergy are under consideration. '"Tis 
a melancholy truth", he writes, "That the Church and clergy 
have many enemies in this County, free-thinkers -multiply very 
fast and the current runs in some places almost without op- 
position", (letter of July 8, 1735). 

It is a striking fact that the general characterization of the 
colonial clergy as unworthy men which has become a common 



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VIRGINIA CLERGY 211 

tradition for the past hundred years or more has been formed 
in very large part from the statements of the enemies of the 
Church, or those who would be benefitted by its weakening 
or destruction. It was the Free-thinkers in Governor Gooch's 
day. Then the spread or the Presbyterians in three sections 
of the state East of the Blue Ridge ; then the coming of the 
Baptists in 1760- 1770 and their rapid growth. The position 
of the incoming denomination would naturally be stronger 
and its right to exist and grow be better established, wherever 
the un^vorthiness of clergy and laxity of life of laity could be 
shown to exist ; and the average proponent, either apostle or 
convert, of the incoming faith would be just a little more than 
human if he were not tempted to use the argument of an 
occasional example as the proof of a general condition. Ex- 
amples of unworthiness and laxity there undoubtedly were in 
distressingly large number — what age or Church has been with- 
out them ? But is it quite fair when much evidence on one 
side is presented and none ujDon the other, to judge the case 
as completed, and verdict rendered for all time? Then the 
days of Revolution and the long struggle for the disestab- 
lishment and disendowment of the Church, and here again every 
mention of unworthiness strengthened the hands of those who 
believed they were fighting for a great principle. Perfectly nat- 
ural and quite human to make use of every aid in the fight with- 
out looking into the meticulous accuracy of charges against the 
ministry as a class ; but a little hard after all upon the many 
men of noble character and earnest purpose who gave their 
lives to the ministry of the Church in the colonial period. 
And Bishop Meade, great leader and true Father in God as 
he was to his people, and lover and historian of his Church, 
in regard to the character of the colonial clergy took his 
coloring from the traditions and recollections of the general 
statements of his youth, and with his stern puritan conception 
of religion ( alien alike to the colonial period in Virginia and 
to our own day, voiced condemnation of the common social 
customs of the day enjoyed by the clergy as well as the laity 
more strongly than we of a later day would agree to upon the 
same evidence. But the tradition remains though the evi- 



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212 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

dence is unstudied. Where all men drank strong drink with- 
out consciousness of wrong, there is a difference between 
drinking and drunkenness, and this the Bishop did not recog- 
nize; and the fox-hunting parson of the colonial day might 
find his fellow in the condemnation of the Bishop, if he were 
here to judge, in the hunter or fisherman parson of today. 
Yet the layman today invites his parson to go hunting with 
him without the slightest thought that the minister in so 
doing is proving unworthy of his calling. 

"The character of the clergy," says Mr. P. A. Bruce, "did 
not sink below the standard of conscientiousness observed in 
the same class in England, and as a rule they were graduates 
of English Universities and of excellent social connections 
in their native country". (History of Virginia, Vol. i, p. 
285). The whole period in England was marked by form- 
alism and chilling of spiritual life, and Virginia suffered from 
the same condition. But this does not mean that there were 
no ministers inspired with love for the souls of men or a 
readiness to serve in the hard missionary fields. The follow- 
ing extract from a letter of Rev. Anthony Gavin, who is men- 
tioned in one of Governor Gooch's letters, breathes a spirit 
of self-denying devotion which would do honor to any day 
of the Church's life. 

August 5, 1738. 

I got immediately a parish which I served nine months 
(This was Henrico Parish). But hearing that a frontier parish 
was vacant and that the people of the mountains had never 
seen a clergyman since they were settled there, I desired the 
Governor's consent to leave an easy parish for this I do now 
serve. I have three churches, 23 and 24 miles from the Glebe, 
and besides these I have seven places of service up in the 
mountains — I go twice a year to preach in twelve places which 
I reckon better than 400 miles backwards and forwards and 
ford 19 times the North and South Rivers (Rivanna and 
James?) (Perry Papers, p. 360). Mr. Gavin's parish was 
St. James, Goochland, which included the present Goochland 
and Powhatan Counties and all counties west to the top of 
the Blue Ridge Mountains. 



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VIRGINIA CLERGY 21 3 

The Church of England being established by law in Vir- 
ginia as it was in England was presumably to be governed 
by the same statute and common law, and should have had 
the same spiritual government and leadership as in the mother 
country. But Virginia was the first colony, and England 
was learning by her mistakes in America lx)th in Church and 
State the great principles of wise colonial government and 
development which have made the British Empire of today 
and a Church co-terminous with it. The American Revolution 
and the subsequent utter breakdown of the Church in Vir- 
ginia give ample proof of England's early inexperience and ig- 
norance both in Colonial government and church extension 
and evangelization. 

In civil and governmental matters the authority of the 
King and the government of England could be and was ad- 
hered to and enforced, but church government and adminis- 
tration according to the genius of the Church of England, 
by the very blindness of the English ecclesiastical and civil 
authority, was not and could not be enforced. Under the 
rules of the Church, while its temporal affairs and financial 
support were subject to the control of King and Parliament, 
its spiritual government and the administration of discipline 
was vested in its Bishops. The Bishop is absolutely necessary 
to the existence of the Church of England. No man can be 
admitted to its ministry except by Episcopal ordination, and 
he alone can depose an unworthy man from the ministry. 
The Church looks to its Bishops as its leaders in matters 
spiritual and in the strengthening, upbuilding and extension 
of its work. The Church in Virginia being without a Bishop 
during all the colonial period, was consequently without spiritual 
head or effective leadership, and there was no one to ad- 
minister discipline effectively when a minister proven to be 
unworthy had to be dealt with. 

The Church in all the American colonies was under the 
spiritual jurisdiction of the Bishop of the Diocese of London, 
the most populous diocese in the English Church. It was his 
duty to issue license to officiate as a minister to every clergy- 
man who sought work in America and any man in Virginia 



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214 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

seeking to enter the ministry must go to London to be or- 
dained by him. But London was 3,000 miles in space and 
three months in time distant from Jamestown, and its Bishop 
inmtersed in problems of his own great city and diocese. 
With the utmost zeal and real interest in the welfare of the 
Church in Virginia, what could he know of its problems or 
how exercise adequate discipline? And so the Church in 
Virginia suffered. 

Beginning about 1689 the Bishop of London established the 
custom which existed until the Revolutionary period of placing 
in \'irginia and in other colonies an officer called his Commis- 
sary who should represent the Bishop as far as possible. It 
was the Commissary's duty to hold conventions of the clergy, 
to make visitations to parishes and districts, to inquire into 
spiritual conditions and report to the Bishop. He could make 
a visitation and inquire into cases of misconduct on the part 
of a clergyman but he could not depose from the ministry 
an unworthy man. The Commissary's duties and responsibili- 
ties were ill defined at best and perhaps for that reason his 
work was to a great extent ineffective. 

The first Commissary, and the one referred to in Governor 
Gooch's letters, was the Rev. James Blair, M. A., Edinlmrgh, 
D. D., a Scotchman who was apjiointed Commissary in 1689 
and held that position until his death in 1743. He was an 
able man, was one of the founders and until his death the 
first President of William and Mary College. But he was 
frequently embroiled in quarrels with one Governor after 
another over matters of Church policy or the College, and 
he did not win the undivided loyalty of the clergy. Com- 
missary Blair did not come to an open rupture with Gov- 
ernor Gooch as he did with several of his predecessors, but, 
reading between the lines of the Governor's letters, one does 
not gain any impression of intimate friendship and sympathy 
between the two. 

The one great question which constantly gave trouble dur- 
ing the colonial period was that of the relationship of the 
minister to his parish. Under the system that grew up in 
the Church of England the right to ai)point a minister to the 



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VIRGINIA CLERGY 215 

charge of a parish rested in some man, or body of men, or some 
institution like one of the universities, and did not rest in the 
congregation of people to whom the clergyman was to minister. 
For instance the right of appointing the rector of a village 
church on some landed estate might rest in the owner of the 
estate. He would have the right to nominate to the Bishop 
tlie minister whom he desired to become its rector. This 
was and is the right of Presentment; and the Bishop, if he 
approved the character of the minister, would then induct 
him into possession of the parish with its spiritual duties 
and responsibilities and the right to receive the salary at- 
tached. After such induction the minister could not be 
removed except for proven unworthiness of life or denial of 
the faith of the Church. It was a life tenure, and if the salary 
were withheld it could be sued for and recovered through the 
courts. This system, with its great temptation to an ease- 
loving man to regard his spiritual responsibilities lightly, had 
at least this merit, that it removed from a fearless minister 
any danger of being forced out of his parish when he felt 
it his duty to rebuke vice in high places or to condemn ill 
conduct of life wherever he found it. 

As the parishes in \^irginia were established in and sup- 
ported by the counties in which they were situated, each 
vestry claimed and was accorded the right of presentation, 
or of nominating the minister whom they desired for their 
rector. As there was no Bishop in Virginia, the English 
Government had delegated to the Governor the right to induct 
the minister into the parish when presented by the vestry. 
The possible danger of this is patent. A Bishop would not 
induct until he was sure of the character of the minister pre- 
sented. The Governor might be as deeply solicitous for the 
spiritual welfare of the people as a Bishop would be, or then 
again he might not, and might use his power to the serious 
detriment of the Church. And after inducting, he had no 
power to discipline or remove if the minister should prove 
unworthy. The vestries found the way out of the difficulty. 
The supply of ministers was rarely as great as the need, and 
usually they had to make choice of a minister from new un- 



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2l6 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

tried men who had just come to the colong. The available 
minister might be one who had felt deeply the call to the min- 
istry of the Church and was zealously in earnest, or on the 
other hand he might be one who had proven undesirable in 
England and had been urged by his family or friends to come 
to the colonies, on the general idea that the Church in the 
colony would be a convenient dumping ground for the misfits 
at home. "Recommendations" were probably as easy to get 
then as now, and Bishop, Governor and Commissary alike were 
sometimes deceived by them. 

The solution of the vestry's dilemma lay in the right they 
had to employ a minister temporarily without presenting him 
for induction. In that way they could employ a minister for 
a year, and if he proved worthy could continue to employ 
him from year to year. This became the rule and very few 
ministers were ever inducted in Virginia. It was contrary 
to the system of the Church, and the clergy were restive under 
it. They felt that their positions were so insecure that the 
minister, especially if he were a timid man, would fear to 
rebuke misconduct on the part of the leading people in his 
parish ; and undoubtedly the vestries in some cases used their 
power improperly to get rid of a minister. One Governor 
after another made effort to force the vestries to present their 
ministers for induction but every such effort failed. Governor 
Gooch refers to the matter of induction in his letters to the 
Bishop shortly after coming to Virginia, and expresses the 
hope that he can accomplish the purpose, but he seems to have 
given up the attempt. The position held by the vestries in 
the matter proved impregnable, and the custom prevailed until 
the end of the colonial period. Commissary Blair sided with 
the vestries in this matter and was opposed to induction as a 
general rule. He had perceived the difficulty of disciplining 
a clergyman of ill-repute and realized that in spite of the in- 
justices that were committed the vestries were using the only 
means in their power to protect their parishes from ix)ssible 
life tenure by unworthy ministers. 

And yet in spite of its handicaps and shortcomings the 
Church in Virginia was functioning as best it could through- 



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VIRGINIA CLERGY 21/ 

out the colony, and was the religious influence which formed 
and fostered the spiritual life of its people. With the ex- 
ception of three or four earher and scattered congregations 
of Presbyterians and Quakers, it was not until the latter part 
of Governor Gooch's administration that there was any other 
Christian body actively at work in the colony. It is not fair 
to judge the spiritual life of the Church of the early eighteenth 
century by the standards of the twentieth. It can be judged 
only by the standards and the measure of life of its own day. 
With that fact in mind it will be seen that in spite of its 
seeming conservative coldness as contrasted with the flaming 
missionary zeal of the denominations which came into the 
colony, the Church of England did extend its ministrations 
over a steadily expanding territory pari passii with the ex- 
tension of settlement and the growth of population. And, 
after all that can be said, the spiritual life of the Church bore 
a rich fruitage in the ideals of liberty and righteousness which 
animated the men who made Virginia great in the days of 
Revolution and the formation of American government. 

A must interesting question is the amount of effort made 
at that time to Christianize the negroes who were brought to 
the colony as slaves. They were being brought in from Africa 
steadily, and according to the statement of one writer, little 
effort was made to teach the truths of the Christian religion 
to the slaves of the first generation because of their inability 
to understand English. But as their children grew up with 
more or less knowledge of English and some familiarity with 
English customs and ideals, the effort at Christianization proved 
more successful. This is one of the things in which failure 
was due to lack of a real head and right leadership. There 
could be no concerted action or policy, but the effort to 
Christianize negroes and indians alike was left to the minister 
of each parish, and to the sense of responsibility of each slave 
owner. In many parish registers, page after page is filled 
with the names of slave children brought to Baptism ; in other 
parishes or under other ministers there are few such entries. 
But are we even in our own day so keenly alive to the spiritual 
needs of the colored people as to be able to condemn harshly 
the failures of that earlier period ? 



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2Ii3 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

The biographical notices of the clergy mentioned in these 
letters have been taken from the invaluable, and as yet un- 
published, "Memorabilia of the Colonial Clergy of Virginia" 
by the late Rev. Edward L. Goodwin, D. D., of Ashland, 
Historiographer of the Diocese of Virginia. It will be seen 
that these biographical notices are in many cases incomplete; 
all that is known of the services rendered by each clergyman 
is given, but sometimes the only fact known in regard to one 
clergyman or another is that he was minister in a certain parish 
in a certain year. How long he stayed, or what other parishes 
he may have had is not yet known. These letters themselves 
mention one or two clergymen of whom nothing was known 
before, beyond the fact that they received the King's Bounty 
for Virginia. 

The King's Bounty was an appropriation of £20 from the 
public funds made to every clergyman licensed by the Bishop 
of London to the colonies, to assist in defraying his travel- 
ing evpenses. Fothergill's "List of Emigrant Ministers to 
America" is the authority for the dates upon which the min- 
isters mentioned received this bounty. But it sometimes hap- 
pened that the date of receiving the King's Bounty was not 
synchronous with the first coming of the minister to Virginia. 
It was sometimes applied for and granted after his arrival 
in this country. Or sometimes a minister who had served in 
this country as a deacon received the King's Bounty when he 
returned to London for ordination to the priesthood. 

George MacLaren Brydon. 



My Lord: 

I did my Self the honour to Address to your Lordship 
by a Ship which went from hence sometime since : In which 
I express'd my thankfulness to your Lordship for all your 
Favours, praying for a continuance of them. Since that Time 
we have had a meeting of the Clergy, from whom your Lord- 
ship will find with This, an address to his Majesty, and another 






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VIRGINIA CLERGY 2ig 

to your Lordship : 'tis their request to me, and suits best 
with my Inclinations, that your Lordship would be pleas'd 
to deliver that for the King, with your own hands ; at the same 
Time to acquaint his Majesty particularly, from what Part 
of his Majesty's Dominions in America it comes. 

Since my Arrival I have recommended three Clergymen to 
Livings; M' Taylor' M' Becket' & M' Marsden :' the latter 
indeed had not your Lordship Certificate But as he had sev- 
eral Testimonials of his Doctrine, good Life & Conversation, 
and as he told me he was known to your Lordship, and I 
had good reason to believe he was hurried out of England by 
misfortunes truly so, I did venture to send him to a Parish. 

The time is not yet come in the which it will be proper 
to propose the Inducting of Ministers : in the mean season 
I am preparing by degrees the Country for it ; and am making 
Friends & forming the best methods to introduce it ; and 
I am not without hopes. 

The Gentleman that brings this, Cap' Jones of Virginia, 
has promised me to deliver it to your Lordship with his own 
hands, and I hope your Lordship will be perfectly well sat- 
isfied, with such answers as in justice to us here I am per- 
swaded he will give to any Questions your Lordship is pleased 
to put. 

My Lord it is my Inclination as well as Resolution to live 

' Rev. Daniel Taylor, Jr., B. A., born in Virginia, son of Rev. Daniel 
Taylor, Sr., Rector of Blissland Parish, New Kent and James City 
Counties, 1704-1729. Ordained probably in 1727, received the King's 
Bounty lor Virginia May 30, 1727. Minister of St. John's Parish, 
King William County, from 1729 to 1742 (probably). Died September 
28, 1742. Married Alice Littlepage of New Kent and left children 
{ Calendar State Papers of Virginia ; Fragment of Vestry Book ; Hayden, 
P- 396.) 

" Rev. Thomas Beckett received the King's Bounty for Virginia 
May 10, 1727, was minister of St. James Parish, Goochland County, 
1727, minister of St. Mark's Parish, Culpeper County, 1733-38, and 
was discharged for scandalous conduct (History St. Mark's Parish, p. 
7 and 8). Possibly the same man officiated in Frederickville Parish, 
Albemarle County in 1754. (See Gov. Gooch's letter of July 8, 1735). 

^ Rev. Richard (or John) Marsden officiated in Lynnhaven Parish, 
Princess Anne County, for ten months in 1729 (Meade, Old Churches, 
I : 248 ; Colonial Churches in the Original Colony of Virginia, 2d. ed., 
p. 150; Gov. Gooch's letter of June 29, 1729.) He was called Richard 
Marsden by Bishop Meade ; John Marsden in Colonial Churches. 



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220 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

as becomes a Man so much befriended by your Lordship; and 
to prove by my Actions that I am 

May it please your Lordship 
Your Lordship's 

most obliged most faithful 
& most obedient humb Serv** 
WILLIAM GOOCH 
Williamsburg 
Oct 18'" 1727 
Addressed To 

The Right Honourable 
and Right Reverend the 
Lord Bishop of London 
These 
left M' Randolph's Servant 
(By Bp. Gibson) 
Endorsed Govern' Gouge 

A Letter before (not rec*) 
Marsden 
Indue 
British Transcripts 
Fulham MSS. Virginia, 2nd Box No. 164. 



My Lord: 

I the other day had the honour of a Letter from your 
Lordship by the hands of M' Grasty: I was extreamly pleased 
to find, notwithstanding the great difficulty which attends 
such things in this Colony, that I had now an opportunity, 
whenever any proper Preferment offer'd, to demonstrate to 
your Lordship, the forwardness & readiness by which I shal 
always express a very grateful sense of all your Lordships 
favours to me. Your Lordsp. will pardon me, if I but just 
mention, that I wish the Person was more deserving; but 
'tis sufficient me me that he is thus . recomended, and your 
Lordship may be assured, that the first occasion that presents 
its self, I shal not forget him. 






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VIRGINIA CLERGY 221 

M' Smith' not long since sent in hither by your Lordsp. 
has given me great trouble as well concern: so very mean in 
appearance, in pocket so poor, and so little to say for himself, 
that no Parish would receive him; and it hap'ning just before 
our Assembly was to meet, that had he been better qualified 
to serve a Parish in this Country, where they are very large, 
too much for a Man of his infirmities to undertake, it would 
have been very unseasonable to have enter'd into a Dispute, 
an dto have forced a Parish to receive a Minister, who in my 
own judgment, as also by an Act of Vestry, was rejected as 
not able to undergo the fatigue of serving two Churches near 
thirty miles distant from each other ... to provide for him 
otherwise I have prevailed wit lithe Inhabitants of this Town to 
make him Lecturer, here by Contribution, which with 20'" p 
an. the Comissary gives him for reading prayers will be up- 
wards of SO"- this with a little help from a School if we can 
get him Scholars, will I hope maintain himself a Wife & three 
Children and another it seems is coming. I make no doubt 
but with some good advice, he will in time prove himself 
very deserving to such as can overlook his Person, for his 
mind is perfectly honest. 

There are many vacant Parishes in this Colony, which I wish 
were well fiU'd : here are some very good men, some very bad, 
and many very indifferent ; but time I hope will improve them. 
A Young Gentleman bred at Oxford I think, son to M' 
Robinson one of the Council here,' is by the Governors of the 
Colledge appointed Professor of Pliilosophy, and directed to 
wait on your Lordship for your Approbation. We are going 
to build the Chappel as fast as we can, and from our Enquiry 
into the state of things there, your Lordship may in time know 
more. 

* Rev. Joseph Smith received the King's Bounty for Virginia Sep- 
tember 21, 1727. Nothing is known of him beyond the references in 
Gov. Gooch's letters. 

= Rev. William Robinson, B. A., Oxon., 1740. Son of Christopher 
Robinson of Middlesex. Master of William and Mary Graminar School, 
1742; ordained priest 1743; received the King's Bounty for Virgmia 
September 25, 1746; minister Stratton-Major Parish, King and Queen 
County from 1744 until his death in 1768; commissary to Bishop of 
London T761 until his death; {Stratton-Majar Vestry Book; Perry); 
visitor William and Mary College, 1761 ; was nephew of Bishop Rob- 
inson of London. 



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222 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

I shant trouble your Lordship at present with the dispute 
that has long subsisted about Presentation & Induction ; be- 
cause about two moneths hence, a very honest Gentleman 8i 
an able Lawyer will go from hence to England ; I have already 
discoursed him on this head, and shal direct him to wait on 
your Lordship, and give your Lordship an exact relation of 
the temper of the People of this Country; that if your Lordsp. 
upon hearing what he will advance shal judge it necessary, 
I should wish for a new Instruction, which would prevent 
great uneasiness here, should I, when not sure that I shal be 
supported from home, make a right use of a Lapse. 

I must add that this Gentleman is one of the Governours of 
the Colledge & perfectly acquainted with its Constitution from 
the beginning. 

Your Lordship will find by the Prints how we proceed, for 
by that time this is in England, my Speech & their Addresses 
will be there too; I hope your Lordship by what you hear 
of me will be encouraged to continue me in your favour; I 
have still to beg your Lordships blessing for me & mine 
I am i\Iy Lord with great Duty 
Your Lordship's most obliged 
most faithful humb Servant 
WILLIAM GOOCH 
Williamsburg 
Feb. 14"' 1727/8 

Endorsed. Govern"' Gooch-Grasty-Smith-IM'" Robinson com« 
over-Indue 

British Transcripts 

Fulham MSS. Virginia ist Box No. 171. 



My Lord 

The last week came in hither the Rev" ]\I' W*" Swift" from 
Bermudas : He shew'd me his Orders, and a Letter from your 

" Rev. William Swift received the King's Bounty to Bermuda May 
8, 1722; Minister of St. Martin's Parish, Hanover County 1728; died 
1734 (Meade, i: 467; see Gov. Gooch's letter of July 8, 1735). St. 
Martin's Parish was formed in 1726, so Mr. Swift was probably the 
first minister. 



},, 









VIRGINIA CLERGY 223 

Lordship sent to him in 1726 directing him not to leave that 
Island until your Lordship had sent another to supply that 
Cure. Upon which I told him, that I was sorry to find he 
had not complied with your Lordship Instructions. He is much 
esteem'd by Those that are acquainted with him, and appears 
from the little knowledge I have of him, to be a Gentleman 
\ery deserving. I must confess from the general Character 
of that Place, where all sorts of Provisions are very Scarce, 
and consequently dear, and the allowance to Ministers but 
small, how he could stay there so long as he did, which he 
said was wholly owing to your Lordship's letter; that abated 
both my wonder & resentment, especially as he had a Family 
to provide for. I hope therefore your Lordship will not blame 
me, if to relieve a Man from such Circumstances, I immediately 
sent him to a Parish in this Country, S' Martin's in Hanover 
County, where I am confident he will be very easie and faith- 
fully discharge his duty in the care of Souls. 

M' Smith whom your Lordship sent over sometime since, 
is still in this Town as Reader; I can by no method prevail 
upon any Parish to receive him, but must be obhged to force 
one to accept of him: I am very unwilling it should come 
to this, nor can I tell how to avoid it. 'tis with difficulty that 
I prevail upon the Inhabitants of this Town to continue their 
Subscriptions, so that I shall be constrained to take another 
Course, to keep Him & his Family from starving. I must 
say 'tis not so much from his Shape or Make, that the People 
in general have so great a prejudice to him, as it is from his 
ignorance of the World very visible in his Conversation, and 
his great heedlesness in doing the duty of his Function. I 
have been very obliging & kind to him ; I have studied every 
art to introduce him into the good opinion of others; but his 
own Conduct demolishes every overture of this sort by follies 
I have cautioned him against; He has not only told every 
Body that your Lordship ordained him Deacon and Priest just 
before he left England, but also that your Lordship gave him 
a special Command not to preach in London ; and 'tis but the 
other day, that he boasted himself the Maker of my Castors, 
that he was very sure of it, for he knew his own Work. 



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224 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

A Clergyman named Thomas Bailye,' notorious for his scan- 
dalous Life & Conversation, I was, by complaint, obliged to 
admonish him to quit his Parish & leave this Country ; but 
so great was his poverty when he appear'd to make answer 
to his Accusers, and altho' 'twas impossible for him to purge 
himself, yet I was prevailed upon by him to send him to 
another Parish, upon the terms, that if they were willing to 
receive him, I was willing to make another tryal of him ; he 
faithfully promising to behave himself in his future Life as 
he ought to do. I have not yet heard from the Parish. 

I shal be greatly disappointed if an Act of our Assembly 
proves not sufficient encouragement for good Men to come 
and live with us, for they will now have 16000 weight of 
Tabacco put into Casks free from any deductions, which will 
make twenty Hh"" and these according to the price of Ta- 
bacco will be from seven to tenn Pounds the hogshead ; then 
the Perquisites are not inconsiderable ; a good House to live 
in, and a Glebe of 200 acres of Land. 

1 have had great marks from the Country of their Esteem 
& Respect for me : the Council voted me unanimously 300'" 
Ster. the Assembly gave me 500"* Cur which is about 420'" 
Ster. the first I accepted of having mentioned it before I left 
England to the Duke of Newcastle & S"" R. Walpole, but the 
last remains for his Majesty's consent, which if happily I am 
thought worthy to receive, so very chargeable is the entrance 
into this Station, will but little more than carry me through 
this year, which on many accounts is much more expensive 
than I hope the succeeding ones will prove. 

But I must not trouble your Lordship with my own affairs ; 
nor with a larger Detail of things relating to my Government, 
because, the Bearer John Randolph Esq' a Gentleman learned 

' Rev. Thomas Bally received the King's Bounty for Naraganzett 
March 27, 1712; ministered in Maryland and came thence to Virginia. 
(See Perry, Papers Relating to the History of the Church in Virginia, 
p. 249; was minister of Newport Parish, Isle of Wight County in 
1724; was fined by King George County court in 1726 for swearing 
twelve oaths in one day; applied for Warwisqueake Parish, Isle of 
Wight County in 1727, and in 1728 claimed to have been appointed to 
Lynnhaven Parish, Princess Anne County, and the vestry begged the 
governor to remove him. (Meade, i: 163, 248, 301). 



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VIRGINIA CLERGY 225 

in the Law, and well qualified in all other respects, who comes 
to England for his health, and is one of the Governours of 
W^illiani & Mary College will, in confidence, if your Lordship 
pleases, give your Lordship an exact & honest Relation, 

j\Iy earnest endeavours are, to follow after such Things 
as will render my Administration pleasing to Almighty God, 
and acceptable to my Royal Master; and in so doing, I act 
the Part that only can recommend me to the continuance of 
your Lordship's favour. 

I beg your Lordship's blessing for Me & Mine, and am 
with the greatest Duty & Gratitude 

My Lord 

Your Lordship's 

Most faithful and most 
Obedient humble Servant 
WILLIAM GOOCH 
Virginia 
Will "-burg 
May 26"' 1728 

Endorsed Gooch 

Swift — Bermudas 
— Increase of Min'^ Sal'" 
— Smith 
— Baily ill Cl'man 

British Transcripts 

Fulham MSS. Virginia ist Box No. 159. 



My Lord 

The Reverend M' Nearn* being called to England to receive 
a P'arish provided for him in Wiltshire ; I laid hold of the 
opportunity of informing your Lordship that the Behavior 

* Rev. Nearn was minister of King William Parish, Mana- 

kintown, Henrico County (later Powhatan County) 1727-28 (Meade, 
I : 466, 467; Perry, 353). 



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226 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

of that Gentleman during his Ministry in this Country, gives 
his Parishioners just cause to lament his leaving them. I shal 
at last I hope provide for M' Smith, he is now gone to a 
Church upon tryal, where I have used great Interest with 
the \^estry to accept of him. 

The French Refugees* My Lord settled in this Country are 
very desirous of having a Minister to Preach to them in French 
as well as English ; and to that end Petitioned me not long 
since to interceed w'" your Lordship, in case they can find a 
Clergyman so qualified and willing to come hither, they them- 
selves being very poor, that by your Lordship's Interest, the 
Society would help them in paying his Sallary ; which they 
propose shal be Eighty Pounds p annu of which they would 
give forty. M' Nearn is well acquainted with the Circum- 
stances of these People and will give your Lordship a per- 
fect account of them and their request. 

Now Col. Nicholson is dead I hope all things will be made 
easie and settled to the Advantage of the College: Not know- 
ing till it was too late that the seven years were expired, we 
must not it seems till the next Year do our Selves the honour 
to chuse your Lordship our Chancellor. 

I beg your Lordship's blessings for me & mine, and am 
with the greatest Duty & Respect 

My Lord 

Y Lordship's most obliged 
and most faithful humb Serv' 
WILL- GOOCH 
Virginia 
July 10'" 1728 

Endorsed Gooch 

— French Refugees 
— Min-^ 
British Transcripts 
Fulham MSS. Virginia 1st Box No. 146. 

* The French refugees referred to were the Huguenots who settled 
at Manakin Town on the south side of James River in Henrico County 
about 1700. In 1705 they were set apart as a separate parish called 
King William Parish, within the bounds of Henrico Parish. By this 
setting apart they were released from paying parish levies in Henrico 



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VIRGINIA CLERGY 227 

May it please your Lordship 

By the Fleet which now sailes for London, I have pre- 
sumed to write recommendatory Letters to your Lordship by 
three Gentlemen who have been for some Years in this Colony 
viz M' Smith," M' GemmilF" & M' Fyfe;" the Two first were 
Tutors in private Families, and the Other kept a School in 
one of our Towns: They are All of them v/ell afl'ected to 
his Majesty & Family, unblamable in their Lives & Conver- 
sation, and very pious sober Men. The great want my Lord 
we are in of Ministers, many Parishes being vacant, made 
me the more willing to encourage these Persons to undertake 
the Voyage, moved thereto by their own Dispositions; and if 
your Lordship shal be pleas'd to think them in other respects 
qualified for the sacred office of Priest, I may venture to be 
answerable for their Conduct afterwards. My Lord, the Laity 
all over this Province are so well inclined to Religion & 
Vertue, that 'tis great pity they should want Instruction to 
help them forward in their Duty, for such are our Circum- 
stances, that if a Parish wants a Minister, the Distance will 
not allow the People to go to the Next, if the Next is so 
fortunate as to have One. 

M. Smith is long since very happily placed much to his 
own Satisfaction — M' Marsden to whom in a former Letter 
I acquainted your Lordship I had given a Parish, about Moneth 
since run away above £400 in Debt by borrowing Money and 
drawing Bills in England. 

We were again this Year under dreadful Apprehensions 
from the Caterpillars, for which reason I appointed a Fast ; 
and can now inform your Lordship that by the peculiar favour 

Parish and so enabled to support their own minister. Their first 
ministers were Huguenots. Afterwards they secured the services of 
some neighboring minister who could hold services in their native 
language. (See their letter to Mr. Nearn, Perry, 353). 

' Rev. William Smith received the King's Bounty for Virginia Sept. 
24, 1729; died 1734. His parish not known. 

'"Rev. John Gemmill (Gamill, Gemurill) received the King's Bounty 
for Virginia, Sept. 24, 1729. Minister of Upper Parish, Isle of Wight 
County (Warwisqueake Parish) 1729-1744. (Meade, i: 303). 

" Rev. William Fyfe received the King's Bounty for Virginia Sept. 
24, 1729. Minister of Elizabeth City Parish, Elizabeth City County 
from 1731 until his death ^n 1755. (Meade, i: 231, Perry). 



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228 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

that the loss of some Orchards which have been eat up by 
those destructive Insects, 

As there were many Men to attend the Commissioners & 
Surveyors who run the dividing Line betwixt this Government 
& North Carolina, I thought it proper to send a Minister with 
them,''' seeing they were to pass through a Country where 
of Heaven that Danger is over without any other consequence 
they could not have the oppertunity of attending the publick 
Worship ; such is the unhappy State of those poor People 
who live on the borders of our Neighbouring Province, in 
which, there is not one Clergyman ; the Report that Gentleman 
made to me sufficiently proves how well he answered my 
purpose in sending of Him, for he Christened above an hun- 
dred Children of different ages, and many Adult Persons, 
and preached to Numbers who had never heard a Sermon 
since their first settlement in those Parts. 

I am prevailed upon by the Gentlemen of the Country to 
beg the favour of your Lordship to interceed with His or 
Her Majesty for an Organ for our Church at Williamsburg, 
one of £200 value would be large enough. As such Gifts 
my Lord have sometimes been made by royal Bounty to 
other Places in America; the Subjects here most humbly pre- 
sume to hope, that they may have as just a Claim, and would 
think themselves as highly engaged, and I dare to say it, 
bear as ample testimony of their Gratitude, as any People in 
any part of his Majesty's Dominions. 

Dean Berkley" after a tedious and dangerous Passage of 
four moneths was forced into Virginia for want of Provis- 
ions ; I did the good man, my Lord all the Honour in my 

" Rev. Peter Fontaine the chaplain to the expedition was minister 
of Westover Parish, Charles City County from 1716 until his death 
in 1757. A Huguenot. Received the King's Bounty for Virginia 
March 30, 1716. (Tyler's Cradle of the Republic, p. 145; Meade, passim; 
Perry). 

" Rev. George Berkeley, Dean of Derry, later Bishop of Cloyne, 
in Ireland, secured from King George First a charter for the estab- 
lishment of a university in Bermuda, and a grant of £20,000 from Par- 
liament for its endowment. He came to America and spent three 
years in Rhode Island waiting for the money to be paid. It was 
not paid and the plan came to naught. He stopped in Virginia on 
his way to New England. (Wilber force, History of the American 
Church, p. 155, 159). 



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VIRGINIA CLERGY 229 

Power, and gave him a short view of our Country and Cir- 
cumstances, and so much I must say, it was not without a 
great deal of regrett he left us, I mean on our Side. Ber- 
muda my Lord is a very poor Island, but I can't give your 
Lordship a juster Idea of it, than by saying 'tis as if fifty 
Islands were jumbled together, the largest of which is indeed 
about twenty miles long & half a mile broad, but the rest 
very small as your Lordship will think when in the whole 
'tis not thirty miles long and taking all in not above five 
miles over. Rivers or great runs of water divide every one 
of these, over which the Inhabitants pass in Boats, and there 
is not in all the Place a Levell of above a mile. As the Deans 
Charter for this Island is not irrevocable, I am in great hopes 
his further information of Things will turn to our Advantage ; 
for the Continent in my opinion is by much the properest 
Place for his Purpose, and Virginia my Lord above all the 
Provinces on the Main seems to be best situated for it. but 
I must say no more : 

Was I to give your Lordship a Character of M' Baylie a 
Clergyman who gos home in this Fleet, I could not say worse 
of him than he deserves; he is so well known all over the 
Continent, that not a Parish will accept of him; for he has 
been often tryed and to no purpose. He has lived here upon 
Charity for many moneths, and to Charity he is indebted for 
his passage for himself and his Wife, which costs £io, and 
money given to the Captain to put into his hands about £io 
more when he puts him on shore. He leaves behind him two 
Boys, the youngest is with a Clergyman, and the eldest about 
nine years of age, I intend to put to the College. 

I have sent over by this Fleet a Box full of a Root and 
Barks, which in equal quantities being made into a Decoction, 
will, in this Country, cure the most inveterate venereal Disease, 
in order for the Riisitians to make a tryal of it in England ; 
but in all likelihood the difference of Climate will make a 
difference in its Operation, and here only mankind will be 
the better for what has been a Secrett in the hands of a Negro, 
for many years in this Country where he practiced with suc- 
cess, until I thought it worthy my endeavours to get the Dis- 



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Hi ., ,t;/' }i).i,. ^ '■ '^;ji n)\, '1 jH^j;." .:: i n 



230 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



covery from him. Next to the Service I expect from it, I 
wish it may be an encouragement to one of the travelhng 
Phisitians to take a Tour into America, where he'l profit much 
more than by a jaunt to France & Italy. 

M"^ Clarke" who lived three or four years past in this 
Country, then went to England ; the last Winter returned, and 
I gave him a Parish, but not without a reprimand for not 
waiting on your Lordship. And a young Gentleman of this 
Country who for cheapness went to the Colledge as Glascow 
and came hither by the last Ships in Deacon's orders, I sent 
to a Parish; his name is Kenn[e]r,'^ and has promised me as 
soon as he is old enough to wait upon your Lordship for 
Priest's Orders. I hear a very extraordinary Character of 
him. 

I beg your Lordship's blessing for me & mine and am 
My Lord 

Your Lordship's 

Most dutiful and most obliged 





humble Servant 




WILLIAM GOOCH 


W" "burgh 




June 29'" 1729 




Endorsed Gooch 




— Smith 




— Gemill 


want of Min" 


—Fife 




Smith 




Marsden 




Caterpill" 




N*" Carolina — Min' 




Organ 




D' Berkly 




Bayly- 




Bark and root 




Clark 




Kenner 





" Nothing is known of Mr. Clark. 

"Rev. Rodham Kenner (Sr.), born in Northumberland County, 









'mT' 



VIRGINIA CLERGY 23I 



British Transcripts 

Fulham MSS. Virginia ist Box No. 153. 



May it please your Lordship 

I take the first oppertunity to inform your Lordship that 
the Rev^ M"- Holbrooke," who about four years since by the 
Society, from whom he received i6o p annum, was settled at 
Salem in the Jerseys, where he has continued all that Time, 
about Six days agoe came to Virginia, a journey of three 
hundred miles, in order to obtain a Recommendation from me 
to a Parish in this Colony; and for that purpose brought with 
him a Certificate signde by the Commissary and the neigh- 
bouring Clergy in those Parts, setting forth his good Life & 
Conversation, I gave him for answer, that as he was placed 
there by the Society, it must be proper for him to acquaint 
the Society with his Intentions before he left his Church ; 
and that he ought to have your Lordship's Licence for so 
doing, and when such Consent was obtained, I should be 
very glad to receive him. He told me he would conduct him- 
self accordingly, and I promised him to write to your Lord- 
ship ; upon which we parted, and he went away well contented, 
after I had given him something to help out his journey. If 
he had succeeded he was determined to go back, and return 
with his Family in the Spring, so that tis no great disapoint- 
ment to him. 

Not long since my Lord, by Accident, I mett with Methodus 
Procedendi contra Clericos irregulares in Plantationibus Ameri- 

was minister of St. George's Parish, Spotsylvania County, 1729-1730, 
and officiated for two years longer occasionally. Died 1734 probably. 
(History St. George's Parish, p. 15; Perry, 357); William Byrd's 
Progress to the Mines, 375. Went to England for priest's orders 1731. 

" Rev. John Holbrooke received the King's Bounty for New Jersey, 
Dec. 13, 1723. Was minister of Hungar's Parish, Northampton County, 
1729-1747. (Meade, i: 258; Colonial Churches in Virginia. 108-9). 

* Methodus Procedendi contra Clericos Irregulares in Plantationibus 
Americanis, a 16 page quarto pamphlet containing directions to the 
commissaries and forms for preparing citations, summoning witnesses, 
pronouncing sentence, etc. Printed in full in The Anglican Episcopate 
and the American Colonies, by Arthur Lyon Cross, pp. 294, 309 (Har- 
vard Historical Series, No. I/). 



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232 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

canis,* and in that with your Lordships Directions to your 
Commissary. But since the eight Instruction concerns my 
Self, where your Lordship orders him to inform your Lord- 
ship what Steps are taken towards obtaining an Act of As- 
sembly for P'resentment of Crimes & Vices to be made to 
the Temporal Courts, agreeable to what was added to the 
Instructions of every Governour in the Plantations, I must 
beg leave of your Lordship to answer for my Self, not doubt- 
ing but M' Blair has done me Justice. My Instructions my 
Lord did not come to my hands till many moneths after the 
meeting of the last House of Burgesses ; but upon sight of 
that Instruction, I made a proper Memorandum of it, that I 
might be sure not to faile to recommend it to the next As- 
sembly, which I shal not forget to do ; and to shew your 
Lordship how mindful I was of it, I made it part of my 
Charge to the Grand Jury of the first General Court after 
it came in, as your Lordship pious Request both to his late & 
present Majesty, and as such an Instruction to me. This 
very Charge, as the Commissary was present when I gave it, 
so he desired after the Court ended that I would let him 
see it, but for what purpose I could not then imagine ; how- 
ever, he had it for three or four Days, and for that reason 
my Lord it is that I say, I hope he has done me Justice. 

If those Gentlemen I had the honour to introduce to your 
Lordship, are so fortunate as to be approved of by your 
Lordship, and admitted into holy Orders ; and, as they en- 
gaged to do, return to this Country, we sh'ant have a vacant 
Parish; and the provision to be made for M' Holbrooke, if 
your Lordship gives him leave to come hither, will depend 
upon M"' Clarke's leaving his Parish, who talks of going for 
England. I thought proper mention this to your Lordship, 
notwithstanding I had desired the Comissary to do it, for 
fear a letter should miscarry, and Gentlemen should be sent 
over when we can't provide for them. 

I had the honour of your Lordship Letter, for which I do 
most humbly thank your Lordship ; and shal endeavour to 
deserve such Favours, by doing all the Good I can both in 
Church & State. 



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VIRGINIA CLERGY 233 

A Surveyor's place, in the Country for Lands I mean, is 
the only way to provide for M' Grasty ; and therefore I have 
secured for him the first Vacancy, for they are in the dis- 
posal of the College, and a proper one for his situation has not 
fallen since I came in. 

When your Lordship hears anything of me displeasing to 
your Lordship. I comfort my self that your Lordship will 
not let me be a Stranger to it; I beg your Lordships blessing 
for me & mine, and hope your Lordsp. will make allowances 
for what may proceed from Ignorance or Surprise in 

My Lord 

Your Lordship's 

Most dutiful most faithful 
and most obliged humble 
servant 
WILLIAM GOOCH 
W°"burgh 
Oct 9"^ 1729 

Endorsed Gooch — Holbrook — Instruc" — all full — Grasty — 
Hear all's well 

British Transcripts 

Fulham MSS. Virginia, ist Box No. 115. 



My Lord: 

I would not neglect the first oppertunity to return Your 
Lordship my Duty and Thanks for the honour of three Letters 
which the last Winter I received from your Lordship. 

That which concerned M^ Dawson," the first occasion w'" 
offers shal be punctually obeyed, for it must be a Church near 
to the College: He is a very good Man, sober, modest, and 
truly Religious. 

The Gentlemen your Lordship was pleased to Ordain are 

"Rev. William Dawson, B. A., Oxon, D. D., Prof. Moral Philosophy, 
William and Mary College, 1729; President of the College, 1743-1752. 
Commissary of Bishop of London, 1743-1752. Member Governor's 
Council, 1743-1752. Died 1752. Married Mary (Randolph) Stith 
(Meade; Tyler; Perry). See later letters of Gov. Gooch. 



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234 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

returned to this Country, and in their several Parishes have 
behaved themselves to the satisfaction of us here, and suit- 
able to your Lordship's hopes. 

Those who make it their Request to me, did not know- 
that I had applied to your Lordship for an Organ. 

By great Accident I lately heard of a Relation of your 
Lordsp. M'' Gibson an Inhabitant of this Country ; and it is 
a great Comfort to me, that I can give your Lordship the 
Assurance, before this time twelve Moneth, to Provide for 
Him in our new Tobacco Law, to do great Service to his 
Majesty's Revenue, so your Lordship I hope will excuse me 
if I say, what is fact, that it was carried in the Assembly 
by my Endeavours, and the confidence the Burgesses have in 
my Integrity. 

In pursuance of that Instruction obtained from his Majesty 
by your Lordship, a Law is passed for encouraging Religion 
& Morality, and discountenancing of Vice: whereby the former 
Laws against sundry Sins & offences are more strongly en- 
forced ; and the Church wardens are obliged from time to 
time to make Presentments, and those Presentments are made 
of equal Force to ground a Prosecution, as an Indictment 
found by a Grand Jury ; there is also a Clause which gives 
Jurisdiction to our General Court to take Cognizance of Mar- 
riages within the Levitical degrees, and to declare such Null ; 
and also one to Punish all Persons who either by Marriage 
or otherwise are Guilty of incestuous Copulations. This is 
the substance of the Law, and I hope answers what your 
Lordship designed : And indeed it was high time to restrain 
such wicked Practices, which by no Court or Law heretofore 
established, in this Country, were Punishable. 

Two ministers are lately Come from England, M-" Marie" 
and M' Wright :" the first, as he is a Frenchman, fortunately 
found the Parish vacant next to the French Town, so that 
those People now have a Preacher in their own Language ; 

'^ Rev. James Marie (Marye) was minister of St. James Parish, 
Goochland County and King William Parish, Manakintown, 1730-32-flf. 
Minister St. George's Parish, Spotsylvania County, 1735-1767. Died 
1767. (Meade, 11: 69; Slaughter, History of St. George's Parish). 



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VIRGINIA CLERGY 235 

He appears to be a conscientious good Man ; as I have reason 
to be convinced the other is. 

M' Commissary with my consent will recommend to your 
Lordship one M"" Macculloch"* for Holy Orders ; I know little 
of him, my chief dependence is upon the Clergyman who gives 
indeed that Persons of Character & Probity in London will 
vouch for his good behaviour Six Years that he lived there; 
and the Comissary has taken an essay of his skill in Languages. 
As I should be sorry by my recommendation to your Lord- 
ship to do a thing above a Man's merit, so I shal be as cautious, 
not to depress a man below it ; but their Lives & Conversations 
are our only Concern, not their Learning & Parts, neither 
of which in this Person, will bring the Church into danger 
of Contempt. 

I beg your Lordship's Blessing for me & mine, and be- 
seech your Lordship for the continuance of your Patronage 
and Protection ; and it ever shal be my hearty Prayer to the 
Throne of Grace that God may long continue your Lordships 
here on Earth for the Good of His Church. I beg leave to 
subscribe myself 

My Lord 

Your Lordships Most dutiful 
and Most obedient humble 
Servant 
Virginia WILLIAM GOOCH 

W"" burgh 
July 23-^ 1730 

Endorsed Gooch — Dawson — Ordain'd — Organ — 
M"' Gibson — Good done — Macculloch 
Answ" 
British Transcripts 
Fulham MSS. Virginia, No. 234. 

'* Rev. Wright, not previously known, sent to a parish in the 

Northern Neck. A John Wright received the King's Bounty for 
Maryland March 25, 1729. (See letter May 28, 1731)- 

'■^ Rev. Roderick Macculloch received the King's Bounty for Virginia 
October 20, 1730. Mentioned in King George County records. Pos- 
sibly rector of Hanover Parish, King George County 1732-37- Married 
Elizabeth Weedon of Washington Parish, Westmoreland County; died 
before 1748. 



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236 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

My Lord 

The Bearer hereof, the Rev" M"" Kenner,* living a great 
distance from me, and going for England in a Ship that lyes 
in a River at as great a Distance, I have not at present an 
0}:)pertunity of doing any other Honour to my Self, than 
Acknowledging the Receipt of your Lordships Letters, and 
doing Justice to this Gentleman, who waits on your Lord- 
ship for Priest's orders. 

It is near three Years since he came into this country, 
immediately after he was Ordained Deacon by your Lordship, 
and has all along behaved himself in a sober and decent Man- 
ner, mighty well beloved in his Parish, and as well respected 
in the Country, a very serviceable Minister in the Church. 

About a Moneth hence there will come from the college 
a Young Gentleman on the same Errand, by whom I shall 
again address your Lordship, and beg your Lordship's accep- 
tance of a taste of our Virginia Bacon. 

I humbly crave your Lordship's Blessing, and am with great 
Duty and Respect 

My Lord 

Your Lordship's 

Most obliged and most 
faithful humble Servant 
WILLIAM GOOCH 
W""burgh 
May 15th, 1 731 

[By Bp. Gibson] 
Endorsed Gooch 

Kenneir Answ" 

B ritish Tracts crip ts 

Fulham MSS. Virginia, No. 229. 

♦ See note 15. 

(To be continued) 



.;sinJ6r<i* 




W'll.MAM DaXHUIDGE 



From a portrait in the collection at 
the Va. Historical Society. 



^11 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 



237 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS, 1726-1753 



Vol. 605 — 1418. 



(Continued) 

John Carter, Esqr. Secretary of this His 
Secretary Majestys Colony and Dominion took the Oath 

Sworn. for the due Execution of that Office. 

The Reverend Mr. Commissary Blair pro- 
Bishop of ducing a Commission under the Hand Etc. 
London's Episcopal Seal of the Right Reverend Edmond 
Commissary Lord Bishop of London, constituting him, the 
Sworn. said James Blair Commissary of Virginia with 
power to Execute the Several Authorities 
granted to the said Bishop by His late Majesties Letters 
Patents under the Great Seal granted to the said Bishop bear- 
ing Date the Day of a copy whereof is annexed to 
the said Commissarys Commission. Which Patent and Com- 
mission aforesaid being Severally read Mr. Commisarie there- 
upon took the Oath for the due Execution of the said Office. 

John Grymes, Esqr. His Majesty's Receiver 
Receiver Gen- General took the Oath for the due Execution 
eral Sworn. of the said Office. 

William Dandridge^ Esqr. pursuant to a 

' William Dandridge was living at Hampton, Va., in 1717, where 
he was a ship owner and probably a merchant. In 1719 he is de- 
scribed, in a deed, as "late of Hampton, now of King William county, 
gent." In 1727 he became a member of the Council, and on December 
14th of that year was appointed one of the commissioners on the part 
of Virginia to settle the boundary line with North Carolina. He was 
for a number of years an officer in the English navy, and probably 
served before 1737, but of that service we have no record. In the 
Virginia Gazette, March 11-18, 1736, it is stated that "Its currently 
reported here by persons lately arrived from London, that Col. IVilliain 
Dandridge is very shortly to have the Command of one of His Maj- 
esty's Ships." In the issue of Sept. 18, it is stated that Captain Dan- 
dridge's sailing from England had been somewhat delayed and that the 



23S VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Mr. Dandridge Warrant under the Sign Manuel of His late 
Sworn of the Majesty bearing date the first day of June 
Council. 1727, in the thirteenth year of his Reign di- 

rected to the Commander in Chief of this 
Colony for the time being having first taken the Oaths ap- 
pointed to be taken instead of the Oaths of Allegiance and 
Supremacy, together with the Abjuration Oath, and Sub- 
scribed the Test, was Sworn and Admitted One of His Maj- 
estys Council of this Colony. 

John Custis^ Esqr. pursuant to a warrant 

Mr. Custis under the Sign Manuel of His late Majesty 

Sworn of the bearing Date the Second day of June 1727, 

Council. in the Thirteenth Year of His Reign Directed 

to the Commander in Chief of this Colony 

Duke of Montagu had presented him with a fine sword. This hand- 
some weapon, bearing the inscription on the blade: "April, 1738. 
This Sword was presented by his Grace John Duke of Montagu, to 
Capt. Wm. Dandridge," is now the property of his descendants, the 
family of the late Captain Francis West Chamberlayne, C. S. A., 
of this city, and, together with Capt. Dandridge's portrait, has been 
deposited with the Virginia Historical Society. The Duke of Montagu 
was first lord of Admiralty. In February, 1741, Captain Dandridge 
still commanded the IVolf. 12 guns, on the Virginia station; but in 
November of that year was transferred to the South Sea, 40 guns. 
He served in Oglethorpe's attack on St. Augustine, and Vernon's, on 
Carthagena. Captain (or Colonel) Dandridge died in 1743, at his 
seat, "Elsing Green", King William county. He married first, Euphan, 
widow of Wilson Roscow, of Warwick county and daughter of Rev. 
James Wallace. She died in 1717, and her tomb bears her arms — W^allace 
— impaling azure, a lion's head erased or, bcttvccn three mascles argent. 
These are the arms of Dandridge of Great Malvern, England. There 
appears to have been no issue by the first marriage. Col. Dandridge 
married about 1719, Unity, daughter and heiress of Nathaniel West, 
of King William county, a grandson of Governor West. He has numer- 
ous descendants, both of his own and other names. 

No complete genealogy of the descendants of William Dandridge 
has been prepared, but several partial accounts are in print. The de- 
scendants of Capt. William Dandridge's brother, Col. John Dandridge, 
of New Kent (the father of Mrs. Martha Washington) have been 
given more completely. See William and Mary Quarterlv, V, 30-39, 
81, 182, 139, 140; VI, 250, 251; XII, 126-128; XIV, 267, 268; XX, 
149-167; Va. Magazine of History and Biography, XI, 216, 423; VX, 
430, 431 ; XXII, 96, 97; Seldens of Virginia and Allied Families (Mary 
S. Kennedy) II, 13-35; Robertson's Pocahontas and Her Descendants, 
33- 36, 45, 46; Browning's Americans of Royal Descent. 

'Col. John Custis, of Williamsburg, and of "Arlington", Northampton 
county, was a great grandson of the emigrant, a grandson of Major 
General John Custis, of "Arlington" (appointed to the Council, 1677), 



,\,>V.'i ,l^JHUK.* 3I»I <JI l>- 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 239 

for the time being, having first taken the Oaths appointed 
to be taken instead of the Oatlis of Allegiance and Supremacy, 
Together with the Abjuration Oath, and Subscribed the Test, 
was Sworn and Admitted one of His Majesty's Council of this 
Colony. 

Whereas upon the Demise of our late Sov- 
His Majesty ereign Lord King George the First of Glorious 
King George Memory the Imperial Crown of Great Britain 
the Second France and Ireland together with the Supreme 

proclaimed. Dominion and Sovereign Right of this Colony 

and Dominion of Virginia and all other His 
Late Majestys Dominions in America, are Rightly come to the 
High and Mighty Prince, George, Prince of Wales Our present 
most Gracious Sovereign, It is ordered that His said Majesty 
be P'ublickly and Solemnly Proclaimed at the Capitol, the 
Markett place and the Colledge of William and Mary ; and 

and son of Col. John Custis, of "Wilsonia" (Councillor 1693, etc.) 
was born in 1678 and died November 1749. He is stated to have been 
educated in England, owned a large estate and in his later years 
became very eccentric. He married, about 1707, Frances, daughter 
and co-heiress of Daniel Parke, Jr. Their married life was not happy 
and many traditions concerning them were formerly current on the 
Eastern Shore. Mrs. Custis died March 13, 1714-15, and John Custis, 
as has been stated. In 1714, by the intervention of friends, they were 
induced to make a series of agreements, which might lead to greater 
harmony. They were recorded in Northampton Court, and a copy was 
printed in this Magazine, IV, 64-66. An abstract of Col. Custis' will 
is in Waters' Gleanings, I, 393-395- In it he gives the inscription 
he desired to be placed on his tomb. His wishes were carried out. 
The epitaph is as follows : 

[Arms] 

"Beneath this Marble Tomb lies ye body 

of the Honorable John Custis, Esq., 

of the City of Williamsburg and Parish of Bruton 

Formerly of Hungars Parish on the Eastern Shore of 

Virginia and the County of Northampton the 

Place of his nativity. 

Aged 71 years and yet lived but seven years 

Which was the space of time he kept 

A Bachelor's House at Arlington 

On the Eastern Shore of Virginia. 

This information put on his tomb was by his 

own positive order. 



Wm. Colley, Mason, in Fenchurch Street, 
London, Fecit." 

John Custis' only son, Daniel Parke Custis, was the first husband 
of Martha Dandridge, afterwards Mrs. Washington. 



eiu . .... 



ni 



240 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

that a Proclamation do also Issue commanding the High 
Sheriffs, Justices of the Peace and other officers to Cause His 
present Majesty to be Proclaimed in the respective Countys 
within this Colony with all Convenient Speed. 

Whereas His Majesty hath been pleased by 
Directions for Order in His Privy Council the 19th. of June 
altering the 1727, to declare that in all the Prayers for 

prayers for the Royal Family instead of the Words [His 

Queen and Royal Highness George Prince of Wales The 

Royal Family. Princess and their Issue, and all the Royal 
Family] be inserted [Our Gracious Queen 
Caroline, the Royal Issue, and the rest of the Royal Family.] 
It is ordered that the same alteration be observed in the 
Prayers throughout this Colony, and that Mr. Commissionary 
Blair be Desired to Signify the same to the Clergy. 

Ordered that a Proclamation be prepared 
Proclamation and Issued for Publishing His Majestys Royal 
Continuing Proclamation for continuing in their respective 

Officers. offices all such Persons as at the time of the 

Demise of our late Sovereign were Duely Pos- 
sessed of or invested in any office or Employment. 

Resolved that an Humble Address be pre- 
Address to the pared to His Majesty to be signed by the 
King to be Governour and Council Condoling the Death 

Prepared. of our late Most Gracious Sovereign and con- 

gratulating His Present Majestys Happy Ac- 
cession to the Throne, and that the said Address be prepared 
and brought in by Mr. Commissionary Blair, William Byrd 
and John Carter, Esqrs. 

John Randolph, Esq. by commission from 
Deputy the late Governour Constituted His Maj" At- 

Attorney torney Gen' during the absence of John Clay- 

Genl. & etc. ton Esq. and also admitted to Officiate as 

Sworn. Clerk of the Council in the room and During 

the indisposition of Mr. Robertson took the 
Oaths appointed by Act of Parliament to be taken instead of 
the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy — together with the Ab- 



b 



n; l> 






VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 24I 

juration Oath, and subscribed the Test, and also took the Oaths 
of those respective Offices During his Continuance therein. 

At a Council held the 12th. Day of Septem" 1727 
Present 
The Honble. the Lieut. Governr. 
Robert Carter Cole Digges 

James Blair Peter Beverley 

William Byrd John Carter 

Nathl. Harrison John Grymes 

Mann Plage William Dandridge 

John Custis, Esqrs. 

Nathaniel Harrison Esr. took the Oaths ap- 
Mr. Harrison pointed by Act of Parliament, to be taken in- 
Sworn of the stead of the Oaths of Allegiance and Su- 
Council & premacy, the Abjuration Oath, and Sub- 

Deputy scribed the Test, and then took the Usual 

Auditor. Oath of a Member of His Majestys Council. 

And also as Deputy Auditor of His Maj- 
esties Revenues of this Dominion took the Oath for the Due 
Execution of that Office. 

Mr. Commissionary Blair reported that the 
Address to Persons appointed had prepared an Humble 

the King Address to His Majesty which was read at 

approved. the Board and Agreed to. 

Ordered that the same be fairly Transcribed 
and Signed by the Lieut. Governour and all the members 
of the Council now Present, and that a Duplicate thereof be 
prepared and Signed in like manner. 

His late Maj''^" approbation Declared in 
Orders for Council the 28th. of March, 1727, of the pro- 

running the posals made by Col. Spotswood and Mr. Eden 
dividing Line late Lieut. Governours of Virginia and North 
between Vir- Carolina for settling the Boundaries between 
ginia and the said Governments ; which Proposals have 

North also been agreed to by the Lords Proprietors 

Carolina. of North Carolina was this day read at the 

Board, and thereupon it is the opinion of the 



3/;G 3a J J8t} 



3fiJ to rmrniqo 3 



242 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Council that the Governour be Desired to send a Copy of 
His Majestys said order in Council to the Governour of North 
Carolina and to Desire him to appoint Two Commissioners 
in behalf of that Province to meet sometime in the Month 
of March next — William Byrd"" and Nathaniel Harrison Esqrs. 
who are hereby Nominated and Appointed Commissioners 
on the part of this Colony, and then jointly to proceed in 
running the Dividing Line between the two Governments ac- 
cording to the Proposals aforesaid. 

And it is Further ordered that John Allen Gent, and Mr. 
Mayo Surveyors be and they are hereby appointed Assistants 
to the said Commissioners for the better performing the Ser- 
vices aforesaid, and that they be paid for their Trouble and 
Expence out of His Majestys Revenue. 

His Majestys Approbation Declared in 
The King's Council the i6th. day of June, 1727, of an 
Approbation Act passed in this Colony the last Session of 
of the Act Assembly entitled An Act for laying a Duty 

laying a duty on Liquors was read and Ordered to be En- 
on Liqrs. tered on the Council Books, 

rec'd. Also His Majestys Approbation Declared 

in Council the same i6th. day of June 1727, 
of an Act passed the same Session entitled An Act to Confirm 
the Title of Richard Randolph to Certain Entailed Lands 
and to Settle other Lands of Greater Value and Two Negro 
Slaves to the same Uses, was this day read at the Board & 
Ordered to be entered on the Council Books. 

The Lieutenant Governour being informed 
John Vidal that John Vidal a Prisoner in the Public 

a Pirate Goal in Williamsburg has been lately convicted 

pardoned. and attainted of Piracy, and is to be Executed 

on the 6th. day of October, was pleased to 
ask the Advice of the Council whether in their opinion the 
said Vidal be a fit Object of the Kings Mercy ; upon debating 
whereof, it is the opinion of the Council that in Respect of 
His Majestys Succession to the Throne, and the arrival of the 

^ The happy choice of William Byrd as one of the Commissioners 
produced the delightful History of the Dividing Line. 



^'\ l.MIt, 












VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 243 

Governour it is very fit to begin His Administration with an 
Act of Mercy, and therefore they do advise His Honour to 
grant unto the said John Vidal His Majestys most Gracious 
Pardon. 

At a Council held the i6th. Day of October, 1727 

Present 
The Governour 
James Blair John Carter 

Nath' Harrison Richard FitzwilHam 

Cole Digges William Dandridge 

Peter Beverley John Custis Esqrs. 

Richard Fitzvvilliam Esq. Surveyor General 
Rich'd. of His Majestys Customs this day took the 

Fitzwm. Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy and the 

Sworne of Abjuration Oath, Subscribed the Test, and 

the Council. took the Oath of one of His Majestys Council 
of this Colony, Together with the Oath of 
Surveyor General. 

At a Council held the 17th. Day of October 1727 

Present 
The Governor 
James Blair Peter Beverley 

William Byrd John Robinson 

Nath. Harrison Rich-* Fitzwilliam 

Cole Digges William Dandridge 

John Custis, Esqrs. 

John Robinson Esq. took the Oaths ap- 
John Robin- pointed by Act of Parliament to be taken in- 
son Esq. stead of the Oaths of Allegiance and Su- 

Sworne of premacy, The Abjuration Oath, Subscribed the 

the Council. Test, and took the Oath as one of His Maj- 
estys Council of this Colony. 



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244 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

At a Council held October the 27th. 1727 

Present 
The Governour 
Robert Carter Peter Beverley 

James Blair John Robinson 

Nath' Harrison William Dandridge 

Cole Digges John Custis Esqrs. 

The Governour laid before the Board a pe- 
Quaker's tition of Robert Jordan Junior* in behalf of 

Petition himself and several other People called 

Rejected. Quakers Residing in the Countys o fHenrico, 

Charles City and Nansemond complaining of 
several Fines Levied upon them for not attending at the Mus- 
ters of the Militia appointed by Law in the said Counties, 
and Praying Redress therein, It is the Opinion of this Board 
that the said Fines being imposed on them, for their refusing 
Obedience to the Law, they ought therefore not to be Re- 
lieved. 

The Governour also laid before the Board 
Gov of a Letter lately received by him from Sir Rich" 

North Caro- Everard Bart. Governour of North Carolina, 
Una concern- Dated the 3rd. instant. — promising to take 
ing the Speedy Measures with the Advice of his Coun- 

boundarys. cil for the Appointment of Commissioners and 

the time and place where they shall meet the 
Commissioners appointed by this Governour for settling the 
boundaries between this Colony and the said Province pur- 
suant to the Order of His Majesty in Council, and that in 
the mean time no Patents shall be granted for any Lands lying 
within the Controverted bounds which Letter was Read. 

Present 
William Byrd 
Richard Fitzwilliam John Carter Esqrs, 

* Robert Jordan, Jr., was a member of a very prominent Quaker 
family, which now has representatives almost throughout the United 
States. 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 245 

Whereas John Vidal lately Convicted of 
John Vidall Piracy and by the Governour Pardoned for 
Discharged. the said Offence is still detained in the Public 
Goal, and there like to Continue, as well for 
the Prison Fees as the Fees due to other Officers, It is Or- 
dered that the said Fees be paid out of His Majestys Revenues 
of 2s. p. Hog' Ct. and that the said Vidal be forthwith Dis- 
charged out of Prison. 

Ordered that the General Assembly which 
Gen' Assem- stands Prorogued to the i6th. Day of Novem- 
bly dissolved. ber next, be Disolved and that Proclamation 
Issue for Notifying the said Dissolution. 
An Account of Contingent Charges from 
Acct. of the 25th. of April 1727, to the 25th. of this 

Contingent Present Month also an Account of Work done 

Charges to the Governours House, and other Disburse- 

regulated. ments upon the same for the like time together 

with an Account of the Charges in the Ap- 
prehending Vidal and Execution of Certain Pirates were this 
Day laid before the Governour in Council by Nath' Harrison 
Esq. Deputy Auditor and being examined Divers of the Ar- 
ticles of the Said Account were allowed, and others to be 
re-examined and Regulated, by the said Auditor. 

The Officers of His Majestys Revenue on 
500 lbs. worth their Application are Authorized and impow- 
of Rights to ered to Sign & Issue Rights to the Value of 
be issued. 500 for the use of Such as shall Require the 

Same for the taking up of His Majestys Lands. 
On the Application of the Justices of Eliz- 
New Justices abeth City County, It is Ordered that Edward 
for EHz. City Jones," William Hunter, John Brodie and Wil- 
appointed. Ham Westwood gentlemen be added to the 

''There was in Elizabeth City and Warwick a family of Jones, 
which for generations held prominent county offices, sheriffs, magistrates, 
etc.; but the destruction of so large a portion of the records prevents 
any connected account of them from being prepared. 

John Brodie was doubtless a member of one of the numerous Scotch 
families in and around Hampton and, indeed, in the counties and towns 
near Hampton Roads. There is in Elizabeth City a deed, dated Dec. 
24, 1762, from John Brodie and Elizabeth his wife. 



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246 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Commission of the Peace for the said County. 
Whereas Sundry Inhabitants and the Ma- 
Church to be jority of the Vestry of EHzabeth City Parish 
built in Eliz- have represented to the Governour that the 
abeth City Church of the said Parish is so ruinous that 

parish. it is Dangerous for them to Repair thither 

for the Performing Divine Service and that 
great Differences have arisen between the Inhabitants of the 
said Parish concerning the place where a new Church should 
be built in the said Parish and upon the occasion of the said 
Differences an Order was made by the last House of Bur- 
gesses that the present Vestry should not proceed to the bujld- 

William Hunter was a merchant, and died in Elizabeth City county 
in 1739. His son, William Hunter, of Williamsburg, became owner 
and editor of the Virginia Gazette, succeeding Parks in 1750. He was 
deputy post-master-general of the Colonies. William Hunter, the elder, 
was probably a brother of Col. John Hunter, of "Little England", 
Elizabeth City county, who in 1766, had removed to London and was 
living in South Street, parish of St. George, Hanover Square. See 
William and Mary Quarterly, VH, 13-16, 154, 155; XIV, 149 for notes 
on this Hunter family. 

William Westwood, a member of a family long resident in Elizabeth 
City. He was a member of the House of Burgesses at the sessions 
of Nov. 1738, May 1740, May 1742, Sept. 1744, Sept. 1745, July 1746, 
March 1747, Oct. 1748, April 1749. Feb. 1752, Nov. 1753, Feb. 1754, 
Aug. 1754, Oct. 1754, May 1755, Aug. 1755, Oct. 1755, March 1756, 
Sept. 1756, April 1757, and March 1758. He married Mary, who ap- 
pears to have been a daughter of Rev. James Wallace, of "Erroll", 
Elizabeth City. His will dated May 7 and proved June 8, 1770. His 
legatees were his grandson Merritt Westwood, daughter-in-law, Eliz- 
abeth, widow of his son James, sons William and Worleich Westwood, 
grandson John Stith Westwood, daughter Mary, wife of Robert Armis- 
tead, daughter Elizabeth, wife of James Wallace, daughter Martha 
Westwood, daughter Rachel, wife of Henry King, granddaughter Sarah, 
daughter of son James. William and Mary Westwood had issue: i. 
William, a student at William and Mary 1759, etc. He married Ann 
Stith. His will was dated Dec. 24, 1780 and proved in Elizabeth 
City July 30, 1784; legatees: sons William and Worleich, wife Ann 
and daughter ; 2. Worleich, who was a member of the House of Bur- 
gesses for Elizabeth City at the sessions of Feb. 1722, March 1773, 
May 1774, and June 1775; of the Revolutionary Conventions of March, 
July and December 1775, of the Constitutional Convention of 1788 and 

of the Legislature ; 3. James, married Elizabeth . His will was 

dated Nov. 3, 1768 and proved in Elizabeth City Feb. 23, 1769, legatees: 
wife Elizabeth, son Merritt, daughters Sarah and Anne. The daughters 
of William and Mary (Wallace) Westwood are named in his will. 
See William and Mary Quarterly, IX, 131, for a note on the Westwood 
family. 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 247 

ing of a New Church before the next Session of Assembly, 
which is complained of as a great grievance to the Petitioners 
and other Inhabitants who have petitioned the Governour for 
relief therein; The Governour this day in Council took the 
Matter of the said Petition into Consideration and upon hear- 
ing of all Parties by their Council, It is the Opinion of the 
Board that the New Church' ought to be built in the Town 
of Hampton as the most convenient place in the said Parish 
and that the Vestry be at liberty to proceed to the building 
of the same accordingly. 

At a Council held at the Capitol November the 2d. 1727 

Present 
The Governour 
Robert Carter John Robinson 

James Blair John Carter 

William Byrd Rich" Fitzwilliam 

Nath' Harrison John Grymes 

Cole Digges William Dandridge 

Peter Beverley John Custis Esqrs. 

The Governour laid before the Board a 
Mr. Leheup Letter from Mr. Leheup Sollicitor of the Vir- 
to be paid ginia Affairs dated the 24th. of June 1727, 

for publick together with an account of sundry fees and 

services. other Charges expended by him in the Sol- 

liciting and obtaining of His Majesty the 
Order for Settling the boundaries between this Colony and 
the Province of North Carolina, and in obtaining His Maj- 
jestys approbation of the Act for laying a Duty on Liquor 

* This new church was the present St. Johns at Hampton. There 
had been two earlier churches in the parish. In the Council Journal, 
Oct. 10, 1624 (this Magazine, XIX, 357) is an order for paying work- 
men for building a church in Elizabeth City. A patent of 1637 shows 
that this church was east of Hampton River. The foundations were 
discovered a few years ago. They resemble the oldest remains of 
a church at Jamestown— a thin brick wall based on cobblestones— 
evidently for a frame building with brick underpinning. About 1667 
another church was built on the present Pembroke farm, west of 
Hampton. Bishop Meade quotes two wills made in 1667, in one of 
which a request was made for burial in the "old church at Kicotan", 
and the other in "the new church at Kicotan". On June 17, 1727, 



248 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

amounting to £59-9-6 which Sum he desires may be reim- 
bursed to him, and Hkewise that he may have a suitable 
Recompense for his Extraordinary Trouble in Negociating 
the business of the Duty Act and other affairs of this Gov- 
ernment during the Administration of the late Governour ; 
and the said Letter and Account being read at the Board, 
It is the Opinion of the Council and Accordingly Ordered 
that the Receiver General do pay out of His Majestys Rev- 
enues of 2s. p. Hog' etc the said sum of £59-9-6 expended 
by Mr. Leheup for the Service of this Government, together 
with Fifty Guineas as a gratuity for his extraordinary trouble 
and Care therein and that it be recommended to the next 
Assembly to reimburse that Expence to the Revenue. 

The Governour was pleased to inform the 
Differences Board that the Nottaway Indians having com- 

between the plained to him that they were threat""* by the 
Maherine Maherines upon Suspicion of their being Con- 

and Sapony cerned with the Cattabaws in their late attack 
Indians. on the IMaherines and being assured by Col. 

Harrison who had been desired by the Presi- 
dent to examine into the Conduct of the Tributary Indians 
upon the Cattabaws arival upon our Frontiers That the Not- 
taway Indians were altogether unconcerned with the Mischiefs 
committed by the Cattabaws with whom they had not the 
least Correspondence, he had thereupon written to the Gov- 
ernour of North Carolina, in Justification of the Nottaways, 
and desired him to interpose his Authority to Divert the Ma- 
herines from prosecuting their Revenge upon a Jealousie which 
appeared to be entirely groundless. That he had received 
from S' Rich'* Everard the Governour of North Carolina a 
Letter Dated the 30th. of last Month Acquainting him that 
the Maherines declare that they have not anye suspicion of 
the Nottaways being Concerned in the late Attack on their 
Nation, and that they have not any Quarel with those Indians, 
but charge the Mischief done them on the old Oceaneeche 

the county court ordered Jacob Walker and John Lowry to lay off 
and value an acre and a half on Queen Street, Hampton, for a church. 
See Meade's Old Churches and families of Virginia, I, 229, 238, and 
L. G. Tyler's Cradle of the Republic, 158, 160. 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 249 

King and the Saponie Indians expecting that as they had 
Twelve persons killed and a boy carried away Prisoner, the 
like number of the Saponies shall be delivered up to them to 
be put to Death, and that the Prisoner be restored to them. 

Whereupon Col. Harrison Acquainted the 
Order Board that he had Strictly examined the con- 

thereon, duct of the Saponies in the AfYair wherein 

they are now Charged, and was well Assured 
that only Three of that Nation Joyn'd the Cattabaws in their 
March to the Maherine Towne, and that their so Doing was 
contrary to the express Orders of their great Men who were 
very willing to have Delivered them up had they returned to 
the Saponie Towne, but one of them Dying at Roanoke, the 
other Two for fear of being punished fled away with the 
Cattabaws; and as to the IMaherine Boy taken Prisoner the 
Chief Man of the Cattabaws had promised to Restore him 
as soon as he got back to his own Towne, — And thereupon 
this Board delivered their opinion that this account of the 
part the Saponie Indians had in the Attack made on the Ma- 
herines be Signified to the Governour of North Carolina, to 
the end he may Satisfie the Maherine Indians what endeavours 
have been used to procure them Satisfaction as well as in re- 
gard to their people killed, as to the Boy Carried away Pris- 
oner; and that neither the Saponies nor the Acconeeche King 
had any hand in the Injury done them, nor can be Accountable 
for the same. 

The following Warrants on the Receiver General to be paid 
out of His Majestys Revenue were this Day Signed by the 
Governour in Council Yiz. 

Out of the 2s. P Hog" Port Duties and 
Warrants for Head Money To the Governour for 44 days 
Sallerys etc Sallary from the nth. of Sept' to the 25th. 
Signed. of October inclusive £245-18- 4 

To the President for his Sallary from the 25th. of 

April to the nth. of September 754- i-io^ 

To the Gentlemen of the Council one half years 

Sallary ending the 25th. of October 175- o- o 



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250 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

To the Judges and Officers of the Oyer & Term- 
iner held last June 100- o- o 

To the Auditor General of the Plantaions one half 

of years sallary ending the 25th, of October 50 o- o 

To the SoUicitor of the Virginia Affairs for the 

like sallary 50- o- o 

To the Attorney General for the like Sallary 20- o- o 

To the Clerk of the Council for the same time 50- Q- o 

To the Armourer for the same time 6-00 

To William Prentis for Money paid the Gunners 

of the Several Batteries 20- o- o 

To the Same for Money paid to the Ministers 

who preached before the General Court 4- o- o 

To the Same for Money paid for Repairs upon 

the Governour's House 85-10- 5 

To William Prentis' for Money paid for Ex- 
penses and Contingent Charges 70-14- o 

To the Same for Money paid for the Charges 
& Execution of Several Pirates apprehended in 
North Carolina 96- 8- 5^4 

And out of the Revenue of Quit Rents to Mr. 

Commissionary Blair one half years Sallary 50- o o 

To the Attorney General one half years additional 

Sallary 30-0-0 

The* Accounts of His Majestys Revenue of 
Accts. of the 2s. P Hog' Port Duties and head Isloney end- 
2s P HHd. ing the 25th. of October last being examined 

etc. passed by the Deputy Auditor was exhibited by the 

Receiver General who made Oath thereto and 
Certified by the Governour in the usual form The ballance 
whereof being ^6304- 6-1 1^4 

' William Prentis was a prominent merchant of Williamsburg and 
was for some time a partner of Hon. John Blair. He married Mary, 
daughter of John Brooke, of York county. His will was proved April 

19, 1765, legatees: sons John, Daniel, Joseph and William, daughter 
Elizabeth and daughter Sarah, wife of William Waters. The will 
of his wife Mary, names the same children. The will of William 
Prentis' son, Col. John Prentis of Williamsburg, was proved Nov. 

20, 1775. His legatees were his brothers Joseph and Daniel, sister 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 25I 

November the 4th. 1727 

Present 

The Governour 

Robert Carter John Robinson 

James Blair John Carter 

William Byrd Rich" Fitzwilliam 

Nath' Harrison John Grymes 

Cole Digges William Dandridge & 

Peter Beverley John Custis Esqrs. 

A Petition of Joseph Smith' of the County 
Jos. Smiths of Essex Gent, complaining of Salvator Mus- 
petition agst. coe one of the Justices of the said County being 
Mosco refrd. read at the Board, It is Ordered that a Copy 
of the said Petition be given to the said Muscoe 
and that he have notice to Attend this Board to Answer the 
same at the Council to be held after the next Court of Oyer 
and Terminer. 



Waters, and cousin Robert Prentis. . j- ^ 

Joseph Prentis, son of William, was born Jan. 24, 1754, and died 
June 18 1809. He was educated at William and Mary, was a member 
of the Convention of December 1775, judge of the Court of Admiralty 
1776 member of the House of Delegates from Williamsburg 1777 and 
from York county 1 778-1 788, Speaker of the House of Delegates 
1788, member of the Privy Council I779. and judge of the General 
Court 1789-1809. He was the great grandfather of R. R. Prentis, 
now a judge of the Supreme Court of Appeals of Virginia. (See 
William and Mary Quarterly, VH, 125, 190). 

«The will of Col. Joseph Smith was dated March 15, 1726, and 
proved in Essex Aug. 20, 1728. His legatees were the children of 
his brother John Smith, late of Bideford [England], merchant, his 
brother Benjamin Smith of Ireland, his brother James Smith, of Rosse 
Ireland, his (the testator's) wife Sarah, her sons John, Benjamin and 
Edward, and his daughter Betty (to whom he gave £500 sterling and 
two negro girls). He left a large estate. 

Salvator Muscoe was a Burgess for Essex at the sessions of August 
1736 Nov. 1738 and May 1740. His will (written in his 67th year) 
was 'dated June 9 and proved in Essex June 1741. His legatees were 
his grandson Muscoe Garnett, daughters Mary, Frances, Tabitha, Jane 
and Sarah; and wife Mary. He states that his sister, Mrs. Jane 
Collingwood, of Great Britain, by her will, dated Sept. 28, 1730, had 
left him all her stock in the Royal Exchange Assurance Company, 
it being £400. 



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252 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

The Council taking into Consideration the 
Resolution great and extraordinary Expence which the 

for paying Governour hath been put to by a long At- 

£300 to the tendance in London after his Appointment to 

Govr. for his Office, before he could find an Opportunity 

extraordinary of his Passage to this Colony, and by being 
charges. Oblidged at last to Transport himself and his 

family in a Merchant Ship, and considering 
also the Charge he must be at in passing Two Commissions 
for his said Office, Occasioned by the Demise of His late 
Majesty, are unanimously of the Opinion and so accordingly 
Order that towards Defraying the Expenses aforementioned 
the Sum of Three hundred pounds Sterling be paid to the 
Governour by the Receiver General Out of the Ballance of 
His Majestys Revenue of 2 S. P Hog' Remaining in his hands 
and that the same be placed among the Contingent Charges 
of this Government. 

At a Council held at the Capitol the 14th. day of Dec. 1727 

Present 

William Gooch, Esq. His Maj" Lieut. Governour 
Mr. Commissionary Blair John Robinson 
William Byrd John Carter 

Mann Page Rich" Fitzwilliam 

Cole Digges John Grymes 

Peter Beverley William Dandridge 

John Custis, Esqrs. 

His Majestys Proclamation bearing Date 
Kings proc- the 5th. Day of July 1727 Declaring His Royal 
lamation con- Pleasure for Continuing the Officers in His 
tinuing Officers Majestys Plantations till His Maj"" pleasure 
published. shall be further Signified was read and Or- 

dered to be Published throughout this Colony. 

The Governour having laid before the Coun- 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 253 

Commisrs. for cil a Letter from Sir Richard Everard Gov- 
settling the ernour of North CaroHna dated the 6th. in- 

boundaries stant notifying his appointment of four per- 

with No. sons to be Commissioners on the part of that 

CaroHna ap- Province for Settling the boundaries between 
pointed etc. both Governments and proposing that a Con- 

and orders ference be held between the Commissionrs. 

for that on both sides before the last of January for 

service. Settling such Preliminaries as may be neces- 

sary for the better expediting the said Work. 
The Council are thereupon of Opinion that there is no Ne- 
cessity for any such previous Conference as is Desired, Since 
the Proposals approved by His Majesty and agreed to by the 
Proprietors of Carolina are so plain as to leave no room for 
dispute in the execution thereof, nor any liberty for the Com- 
missioners to depart from the Rules therein laid down ; But 
if anything is necessary to be Provided on either Side toward 
enabling the Commissioners to proceed with the greater ease 
and expedition when they Meet to Settle the boundaries the 
Same may in the meantime be concerted by Letters. And 
it is Ordered that this Resolution of the Board be Communi- 
cated to the Governour of North Carolina. 

Nathaniel Harrison esq. formerly appointed one of the 
Commissioners for Settling the boundaries between this Gov- 
ernment and North Carolina being lately Dead, Richard Fitz- 
william and William Dandridge Esqrs. were this day Nomi- 
nated and Appointed to be Joyn'd in Commission with Wil- 
liam Byrd Esq. for the same purpose and 'tis Ordered that 
a Commission be Prepared Constituting and Authorizing them, 
or in case of the Death or Disability of either the Survivor 
or Survivors Commissioners on the part of this Government 
for determining and Settling the said boundaries. And it is 
further Ordered that the 5th. Day of March next be appointed 
for their Meeting the Commissioners of North Carolina at 
the Mouth of Corrituck Inlet in order to proceed from thence 
to lay out the bounds in controversy of which the Governour 
is Desired to give the Governour of North Carolina timely 
Notice. 






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254 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Ordered that a Tent belonging to Richard Fitzwilliam Esqr. 
be purchased by the Receiver General and paid out of His 
Majts. Revenues for the use of the Commissioners appointed 
on the part of this Government for Settling the boundaries 
with North Carolina, and whereas it has been represented that 
the said Commissioners are like to be several weeks employed 
in this Service, and in passing through a Country where there 
is not any Minister or Established Worship, It is Ordered 
that Peter Fontaine Clerk be Appointed to Attend the said 
Commissioners as their Chaplain. 

The Governour Desiring the advice of the 
Assembly to Board what time will be most proper for hold- 
Meet the first ing a General Assembly It is Thereupon Re- 
of February. solved that a General Assembly be called to 

Meet on Thursday the First day of Febru- 
ary next and that Writts for the Election of Burgesses be 
prepared and Issued accordingly. 

William Robertson Gent, having Since his 
Wm. Robert- Recovery from his late indisposition before t. 
son takes ye Governour taken the Several Oaths appointed 
Oath as Clerk by Law to be taken, instead of the Oaths of 
of the Council. Allegiance and Supremacy together with the 

Abjuration Oath, Subscribed the Test, this 
day took the Oath of his Office as Clerk of the Council. 

Mann Page, Esq., absent. 
Justices for On the recommendation of the Court of 

Warwick ap- Warwick County It is Ordered that Henry 
pointed. Gary,* Anthony Armistead, Junior, John Jones 

and Henry Scasbrook Gents, be added to the 

Commission of the Peace for the said County, 
and that the said Henry Gary be placed in the rank he formerly 
held in the said Commission. 

* Henry Cary (i675?-i749) of Williamsburg and later of Warwick 
and "Ampthill" (now. in Chesterfield county) succeeded his father 
Henry Cary (son of Col. Miles Cary, the emigrant) in his business 
as Contracting builder. Henry Cary the younger built (probably) the 
Braflferton, and (certainly) the President's House at William and 
Mary College, various churches and court houses, among them St. 
Pauls Church, Hanover, and St. Johns, Hampton. By his second 
marriage with Anne Edwards of Surry county, he was the father of 



TO 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 255 

On hearing this day at the Board of the 
Private Pe- complaint of Joseph Smith Gent, against Sal- 
titions heard vator Muscoe one of the Justices of the Peace 
& orders for the County of Essex, It is Ordered that 

thereon. the further examination thereof be deferred 

till the 6th. day of February next at which 
time both the said Parties together with such Witnesses as 
they think Necessary for proving their respective Allegations 
are Directed to Attend this Board, and the Sherif of the said 
County is Ordered to Summon such Persons as either party 
shall desire to give evidence in the Matter of the said Com- 
plaint. 

David Bray Gent, having by his Petition represented to this 
Board that in order to obtain a Grant for a Tract of Land in 
Spotsylvania County possessed by Daniel Hornby & Thomas 
Beal, he did in pursuance of a former Order of this Board 
send his Overseer to receive possession of the said lands, 
and was ready according to the Direction of this Board to 
have paid the money at the time appointed, but that the Ser- 
vants of the said Hornby and Beal did refuse to deliver pos- 
session, and that the said Hornby and Beal have not hitherto 
sent to receive the said Money and praying that the Patent 
for the said land may no longer be delayed, this Board having 
upon Oath Robert Taliaferro the Petitioners Overseer and it 

Archibald Cary, of "Ampthill", one of the leading Virginia states- 
men of the Revolutionary period. See The Virginia Carys, by Fair- 
fax Harrison, privately printed 1919. 

Anthony Armistead, jr., was son of Major William Armistead 

(Burgess for Elizabeth City in 1693), married Margaret , 

and died in 1738, leaving several children. 

The emigrant of the family, Lt. Col. John Scarsbrook or Scaris- 
brook, came to Virginia about the middle of the Seventeenth Century 
and in 1657 was the husband of Mary, daughter of Capt. Nicholas 
Martian, of York county. He married a second time ; but had issue 
only by his first marriage. He died in 1679 leaving (with several 
daughters) a son, Capt. John Scarsbrook, born March 27, 1676, who 

was a master of a merchant ship and married Elizabeth' . 

He was probably father of Henry Scarsbrook. (born 1700, died April 
^772i) of Warwick county. Martha, widow of Col. Henry Scarsbrook 
died 1776, aged 58. Scarisbrook of Scarisbrook was an ancient Lan- 
cashire family and in the Seventeenth Century a branch was settled 
as merchants in Liverpool. Probably the Virginia family came from 
this Liverpool line. See IVilliam and Mary Quarterly, X'XIV, 200. 



256 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

appearing thereby that he did in behalf of the Petitioner 
demand possession of the Plantations of the said Hornby 
and Beal on the loth. day of November last, and waited 
there untill the 20th. of the said Month, when by reason of his 
own indisposition, he sent another Person to make the same 
Demand, but received an answer from the Overseers of the 
said Beal and Hornby that they had no orders therein from 
their employers. It is thereupon ordered that the Petitioner 
have a Patent for the aforesaid Tract of Land he Agreeing 
that the Money formerly ■ Ordered for the Improvements of 
the said Hornby and Beal thereon shall still be ready and 
Subject to the further Directions of this Board. 

On the Petition of William Cradock'" Gent, for Stoping 
a Patent Sued out by Richard Phillips for One Hundred Acres 
of Land in King William County, It is Ordered that the 
Parties attend this Board on the 6th. day of February next 
in order to a hearing of their several Pretensions to the lands 
in controversy. 

Richard Long" having entered Caveat for Stoping a Patent 
Sued out by William Beverley Gent, for lands lying in King 
and Queen and Essex Counties and not appearing to prosecute 
the same, the said Caveat is Dismissed And it is Ordered 
that a Patent be granted for the land therein mentioned to 
the said William Beverley. 

George Woodroof'' having Petitioned for a grant of Three 
hundred and Eighty acres of land in the County of King 
William Survey'd. for Benjamin Arnold deceased in the year 
1 71 5, which said Benjamin did Devise the said land to his 
daughter Rachel now the wife of Francis Arnold, but no 
Patent ever Sued out for the same, And it appearing to this 
Board That Anne Arnold the widow of the said Benjamin 
hath Surreptitiously obtained a Copy of the aforesaid Survey, 
and returned the same into the Secretary's Ofifi.ce, with intent 
to take out a Patent thereon, It is Ordered that no Patent 

^"Samuel Cradock owned 600 acres in King William in 1704. 

" No one named Long owned land in King and Queen in 1704. 

" In 1704 Benjamin Arnold owned 1000 acres in King William. 
His daughter Ann, married Joseph Temple, of King William, the 
emigrant of that family. 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 257 

Issue to the said Anne but that as well the said Anne as the 
said Francis Arnold and the Petitioner do attend this Board 
on the 6th. day of February next to make out their Several 
pretentions to the said Lands. 

On the Application of Anne Major" widow for hearing and 
determining her pretentions to a Tract of Land in New Kent 
County lately found to escheat, and Petition'd for by John 
Meux late of the said County deceased, It is ordered that the 
said Anne Major give Notice to the Heir or Heirs at Law 
of the said Meux to attend this Board on the 6th. day of 
February next in order to a determination of her and their 
pretentions to a grant of the said land, and that the said Anne 
have leave to examine in the County such ancient witnesses as 
she shall think proper for the proof of her Title giving due 
Notice to the heirs of the said Meux to attend at such ex- 
amination which any Justice of the Peace of the County of 
New Kent is hereby empowered and required to take upon 
Oath, and to certifie into the Council Office before the said 
6th. day of February. 

On the Petition of Henry Willis setting forth that by Patent 
dated the 5th. day of November 1673 O"^ Thousand four 
Hundred and Sixty five Acres of land lying in the County of 
Rappahannock (now Spotsylvania) on the South side of Rap- 
pahannock River in the freshes thereof on the head of a 
Creek called /Nassaponax were granted to John Bowsy. 

That the said Bowsy not cultivating the said Land accord- 
ing to the Conditions of the said Patent Augustin Smith Gent. 
Petitioned for the said Land as lapsed according to the form 
of an Act of Assembly made in the year 1705, and obtained 
an Order of the General Court dated the 25th. day of October 
1709, for a grant of the said Land according to the said Act. 

That the said Augustin ever since hath neglected to sue 
out a Patent for that land and keeps the same under the 

"Ann Major, of the text, was no doubt Ann, wife of John Major 
of Charles City and daughter of Col. Thomas Ballard. See The 
Majors and Their Marriages, by James Branch Cabell, pp. 57 et seq. 

The Meaux family settled in New Kent early in the Eighteenth 
Century. The emigrant is said to have come from Bristol. See Wil- 
liam and Mary Quarterly, XVI, 67-71. 



wodT 



258 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

said Order without paying any Quitt Rents to the King for 
the same, It is Ordered that the said Augustin Smith who 
now Hves in the County of Essex be Summoned to attend this 
Board on the 6th. day of February next to Shew Cause why 
the said Orders Should not be made Void and the said Land 
granted to the Petitioner. 

Mann Page Esq. Present 
Ordered that a new Commission of the 
Justice for Peace issue for the County of Gloucester, and 

Gloucester that John Lewis" Gent, be put in his former 

appointed. place and that John Armstead, Christopher 

Todd and Thomas Perrin be added to the 
Commission. 

On hearing this day at the Board the Petition of Richard 
Randolph Gent, for Stopping a Patent sued out by Arthur 
Moseley Junior, for Four Hundred Acres of Land on Fight- 
ing Creek in the County of Henrico It Appearing to this Board 
that Three Hundred Acres of the said Land is within the 
bounds of a Tract granted by Order of Council to Nathaniel 
Harrison Esq. and by him assigned to the Petitioner and 
by the Negligence of the Surveyor left out of the Petitioners 
Survey, It is the Opinion of the Council and accordingly Or- 
dered that the said Surveyor be as he is hereby required to 

"John Lewis (1692- Jan. 17, 1752) of "Warner Hall", Glou- 

cester county, was appointed member of the Council in 1748. He 
married, ist, Frances, daughter of Henry Fielding of King and Queen 
county (she died Oct. 27, 1731), 2nd, Priscilla, widow of Robert 
Carter, of "Nomini", and daughter of Col. William Churchill. There 
was no issue by this second marriage. 

Issue (ist marriage) i. Warner, (born Oct. 10, 1720), of "Warner 
Hall", was educated in England. His portrait, said to be by Reynolds, 
was destroyed in the fire at "Rosewell", in 1916. He married Eleanor, 
daughter of James Bowles, of Maryland, and widow of William Gooch, 

Jr., son of the Governor; 2. , son, baptized Sept. 15, 1723; 3. 

Col. Fielding (July 7, 1725-1781), of "Kenmore", Fredericksburg, Va., 
was long a man of prominence. He was a Burgess for Spotsylvania 
at the sessions of March, May and October 1760, March 1761, Nov. 
1761, Jan. 1762, March 1762, Nov. 1762, March 1763, Jan. 1764, Oct. 
1764, May 1765, Nov. 1766, March 1767 and March 1768. During 
the Revolution, as joint commissioner with Charles Dick, he rendered 
the State great service in manufacturing arms at Fredericksburg (see 
lVillia7n and Mary Quarterly, XX VH, 248-257). He married ist, 
Catherine Washington, aunt of George Washington, and 2nd, Betty 
Washington, his sister; 4. Mildred, born 1726, died 1729; 5. Col. Charles 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 259 

lay off the Three Thousand Acres mentioned in the Petitioners 
Grant so as to include the Three Hundred Acres aforemen- 
tioned out of the entry of the said Moseley, and that he com- 
pleat the said Survey to the Petitioner without any further 
charge than would have been due if the whole Three Thou- 
sand Acres had been included in his first survey, And whereas 
it appears to this Board that the said Moseley hath made divers 
Improvements on the aforementioned Three Hundred Acres 
of Land, It is ordered that the Petitioner Satisfie him for the 
same, and that the said Arthur Moseley, have leave to take 
out a Patent for the remaining One Hundred Acres contained 
in his said Entry, to which purpose the Surveyor is hereby 
required and Directed to Deliver a Survey and Piatt for the 
fee he hath already received, and that he also Repay to the 
said IVIoseley the Money he received for the Purchase of 
Rights for the Three Hundred Acres above Mentioned, and 
in case the said Surveyor shall refuse to Comply with what 
is hereby enjoyn'd him. It is Ordered that he Attend this 
Board on the 6th. Day of February next to answer for his 
misbehaviour in his Office by which as well the Petitioner as 
the said Arthur Moseley have been put to trouble and Expence 
and Delayed in obtaining their Patents. 

Examined — Will. Robertson els Con. 

(b. Feb. 25, 1729-30, d. about 1770) of "Cedar Creek", Caroline Co., 
served as a Captain in Washington's regiment in 1755, etc. A diary kept 
by him covering the period, Oct. 10, 1755-Dec. 27, 1755, has been printed 
in (ii'HCdloijy of the Lcims Family, by W. T. Lewis (Louisville, 1893), 
I)p. 36-41. He married Lucy, daughter of John Taliferro of "Snow 
Creek". On p. 14 of, his book, W. T. Lewis has confused this Charles 
Ix'wis with his cousin, Charles Lewis, of "The Byrd" ; 6. Frances. 

For genealogical accounts of this Lewis family see the William and 
Mary Quarterly, II, III, IX, X, XI; Genealogies of the Lcxms and 
Kindred J'amities, by J. M. McAllister and Lura B. Tandy (Columbia, 
Mo., 1906) and the work by W. T. Lewis referred to above. 

John Armistead was probably the son of William Armistead and 
grandson of John Armistead, member of the Council. 

Christ()i)her Todd was born April 2, 1690 and died March 24, 1743. 
His tomb is at "Toddsbury", Gloucester county. For Todd genealogy 
see this Magazine, XIV, 425-440; XV, 85-98, 212-222, 302-316, 431- 
445; XXVI, 89-103; and IVillia^n and Mary Quarterly, III, 115, 116. 

For Pcrrin seq IVilliam and Mary Quarterly, III, 253; V, 253. 



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260 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



VIRGINIA GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND 



Contributed by Reginald M. Glencross, 176 Worplee Road, 
Wimbledon, London, S, W. 20, England. 



(Continued) 

John Lanier, of Camerwell, co. Surrey, gent. 

Will dat. 21 Nov. 1616. To be buried in chancel of Cam- 
erwell church near my mother in law Mrs. Marke Anthony 
Galliardello. To my wife Mrs. Frances L. messuage and tene- 
ment called Suttie Campes co. Cambridge for life. To her 
household stuff for life. If she can before her death provide 
the sums of £40 a piece for my 3 sons viz. Marke Anthony, 
John & Francis, she to have all goods absolutely, otherwise, 
at her death, goods to be equally divided between my 3 s'd. 
sons. To my 2 daur's. viz. to Lucretia £50, to my dau'r. Eliz- 
abeth £50 — both being due by bond from my son Nicholas L. 
gent at their ages of 18. To sd. 2 daur's £10 a piece more. 
To my son Nicholas 40s. for piece of plate. To my dau'r. 
Judith wife of Edward Norgate, gent. 40s. for plate. For 
poor of C. afsd. los. To my servant Katherine Robinson 
6s. 8d. My wife Frances L. to be extrix. Overseers my 
friends Mr. Edward Wilson, vicar of Camerwell, Mr. Peter 
Danson, vicar of Cashalton & Mr. Henry Harper. IVitnesses: 
Henry Harper, Roger Buford. 
Proved 21 Dec. 161 6 by Frances L. releict & extrix. 

Cope. 124. 

[See wills of John Lanier (1650), and Elizabeth Lanier (1652), 
with note in this Magazine, XXVII, 340-342. The John Lanier whose 
will is given above is the man of the name noted in the third para- 
graph of the note on p. 341. 

Mr. George Cole Scott, of Richmond, whose wife is descended 



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VIRGINIA GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND 



261 



from the Laniers, has made some investigation in regard to the English 
family and contributed the following note. It is evident, however, that 
Graves was mistaken in stating that Nicholas Lanier, born 1588, was 
son of Jerome Lanier. The baptismal register and the will here printed 
show that he was son of John Lanier. Walpole made the same error, 
Whether the family was from France or Italy may be uncertain; 
but beyond doubt the most distinguished Nicholas Lanier was born in 
England.] 

"In the notes on the Lanier family published in the Virginia Magazine 
of History and Biography (Vol. XXVIII, pages 341 and 342) and in 
Tyler's Historical Magazine (Vol. Ill, pages 282-287) it is briefly 
assumed and probably correctly, that all the American Laniers are 
descended from a common English ancestry, but it is further stated 
that the English Laniers were of French origin. An investigation, 
however, of such authorities as are available does not bear this out. 
The Laniers of England from the time of Queen Elizabeth through 
the reign of Charles the second were of more or less prominence at 
court as musicians and painters and their lineage should not be diffi- 
cult to trace. 

The "Dictionary of National Biography" states them to be of French 
descent emigrating from near Rouen. J. F. D. Lanier in the notes 
on his family (privately printed, second edition 1877) states his family 
were originally French Huguenots from Bordeaux. Sidney Lanier in 
appendix to the same publication states the Laniers to have originally 
been French Huguenots which is repeated in the "Encyclopedia Brit- 
tanica" in the article on Sidney Lanier. 

From an investigation, it would appear that they were not of French 
origin, but Italian. The most prominent of the family at the court of 
Charles the first was Nicholas Lanier. His portrait was painted by 
Vandyke and again by Livensz, both of which were engraved. He 
was sent abroad by the King to purchase works of art and was a 
musician of note and is easily identified. Grave's Dictionary of Music 
and Musicians states that Nicholas Lanier was the son of Jerome 
I^-inicr, who emigrated with his brother Nicholas from Italy. 

"Bryan's Dictionary of Painters and Engravers" also states that 
Nicolo or Nicholas Laniere was a native of Italy. Horace Walpole 
in his "Anecdotes of Painting in England" says Nicholas Lanier was 
born, in Italy and in his article on Vandyke gives certain distinguishing 
marks that were put on paintings and drawings of the King and the 
Earl of Arundel, and in an edition published with additions by Rev. 
James Dalaway there is a foot note by him "These marks are on the 
drawings, often accompanied by the name of the master written in a 
very fine Italian hand by Nicholas Lanier, who in the early part of 
his life was employed both by the King and Lord Arundel to pur- 
chase paintings and drawings in Italy." 



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262 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Now Horace Walpole was a dilettante in literature, but his "Anec- 
dotes of Painters" was compiled from the manuscripts of Virtue 
(now in the British Museum and so far as known have not been pub- 
lished) of whom he says in the preface to the "Strawberry Hill Edition." 

"Mr. Vertue had for several years been collecting materials for 
this work : he conversed and corresponded with most of the virtuosi 
in England: he was personally acquainted with the oldest performers 
in the science: he minuted down everything he heard from them. He 
visited every collection, made catalogues of them, attended sales, copied 
every paper he could find relative to the art, searched of!ices, registers 
of parishes and registers of wills for births and deaths, turned over all 
our own authors, and translated those of other countries which re- 
lated to his subject. He wrote down everything he heard, saw, or 
read. His collection amounted to near forty volumes, large and small." 

"One satisfaction the reader will have, in the integrity of Mr. Vertue; 
it exceeded his industry, which is saying much. No man living, so 
bigoted to a vocation, was ever so incapable of falsehood. He did 
not deal even in hypothesis, scarce in conjecture. He visited and re- 
visited every picture, every monument, that was an object of his re- 
searches ; and being so little a slave to his own imagination, he was 
cautious of trusting to that of others. In his memorandums he always 
put a quere against whatever was told him of suspicious aspect; and 
never gave credit to it till he received the fullest satisfaction. Thus 
whatever trifles the reader finds, he will have the comfort of know- 
ing that the greatest part at least are of most genuine authority. 
Whenever I have added to the compiler's stores, I have generally taken 
care to quote as religiously the source of my intelligence." 

Be the Laniers originally French or Italian would not seem difficult 
to positively settle if one had access to original records in England. 
But the evidence certainly seems in favor of Italy, and until it is 
proved to the contrary it would seem safe to leave it so rather than 
trust to the bare statement in the "Dictionary of National Biography," 
or the family tradition of their French Huguenot origin. 

George Cole Scott." 



Thomas Landon, of Monington Stradle co. Hereford. 

Will dat. 28 Mar. 1614. To church of Vowchurch 20s. 
To chapel of Monington apd 5s. To my brother John L. 6s. 
8d. To my sister Anne 6s. 8d. To my sister Johane 6s. 8d. 
To my sister Margaret 6s. 8d. & 2 ewes. I forgive my father 
Roger L. debts. To my sd. father & my mother use of one 
black cow in hands of John Charles. At death of survivor 



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VIRGINIA GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND 2^3 

sd. COW to such of my children as survivor shall appoint. 
To godchildren I2d. a piece. To my dau'r. Johane £60 at 20. 
To my son Thomas L. £20 at 18. To my son John L. £20 
at 18. Last £100 to be delivered to my cousin Henry Phel- 
potts gent, to give profits to my wife Anne for life. To my 
wife Anne rest of goods during widowhood, if she marry 
again, half the goods to her & the other half of my 4 children 
williani, Thomas, John & Johane equally. Table board, etc. 
after my wife's death to William L. my son & heir. Sd. 
wife Anne to be extrix. Witnesses: John Greene, Henry 
Phelpott, David ap Hughe, Hoell Watkynne, Roger Landon, 
William Seyton? Simon Williams. 
Proved 5 July 1614 by Anne relict & extrix. 

Lozve, 79. 

[M,ost of the informarion in regard to the Landons, which is in print, 
has been compiled by Mr. C. P. Keith, author of The Ancestry of 
Benjamin Harrison. Thomas Landon, of Middlesex County, Va. (who 
died in 1701) was formerly of Credenhill or Crednal, Herefordshire, 
and was son of Silvanus Landon, of St. Martins-in-the-Fields, Middle- 
sex, Eng. gent. Silvanus was probably son of John Landon, yeoman of 
the wine cellar to James I and Charles L Mr. Keith conjectures with 
great probability that Thomas, of Cridenhill, afterwards of Virginia, 
was the kinsman Thomas of Credenhill named in the will dated Feb. 
6, 1679, of "Thomas Landon, of Monington Stradell in the parish of 
Vowchurch, county of Hereford, gent." This last named Thomas must 
have been the son of Thomas, the testator above. 

The will (1632) of Benedict Landon, younger son of a Lancashire 
family was printed in this Magazine, XX, 179, 180. See Ancestry 
of Benjamin Harrison, 88, and this Magazine, U, 430-433-1 



William Sidnor 

Sentencia pro confirmatione testamenti et codicilli Willelmi 
Sidnor defuncti. 

Auditis meretis negotii testamentarii sine approbacionis tes- 
tamenti Willelmi Sydnor . . de [blank] in Com. [blank] in 
diocese Norwici . . inter Willelmum Gwen, curatorem ad lites 
Thomae Sydnor parlem agentem ex una et Willelmum Sydnor, 
Franciscum Sydnor, Paulum Sydnor et Edmundum Sydnor 
executores testamenti antedicti W. S. partes contra quos . . 
ex altera. 






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264 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Ideisco Nos dictum W. S. testamentum fecisse pronunci- 
amus. 
Dat. 13 June 1616. 

P. C. C. Cope, 55. 



[Thomas, William, Francis, Paul and Edmund Sydnor, were probably 
the children of William Sydnor, deceased, of the diocese of Norwich, 
whose will and codicil were in question. Francis Sydnor, whose will, 
1653, was printed in this Magazine, XXX, 44, may have been the 
Francis named above, and it is highly probable that William Sydnor, 
of the diocese of Norwich, named above, may have been the same 
person as William Sydner, Esq., of Blundeston, Suffolk, alive 1573, 
who was a son of Paul Sydnor, of Brinckley, Kent, 1542. In this 
Magazine, XX/II, 175, is the will of William Sydnor (1514) who had 
a son Paul. Francis Sydnor, (will 1653) names a kinsman Fortunatus 
Sydnor. A Fortunatus Sydnor was the emigrant to Virginia.] 



KENNON LETTERS 265 



KENNON LETTERS 

(Continued) 



Mrs. Elizabeth B. Kennon to Rachel Mordecai 

Richmond, June ist 1810 
Notwithstanding I am convinced my beloved Rachel, that our 
affection for each other is too sincere, to make apologies neces- 
sary for any seeming remissness in keeping up a frequent com- 
munication ; and that a little failure in etiquette, or the mere 
punctilio of receiving a letter for letter; will never be regarded; 
yet it is so long since I received your last welcome favour, that 
I think an excuse for my silence is what you have a right to 
expect ; know then my dear, that I was preparing when I last 
heard from you, to emigrate from the solitary shades of Delo- 
raine to the Metropolis ; and I determined to postpone scrib- 
bling, until I got to the city ; flattering myself that I could 
make my scrawl more amusing, by relating the anecdotes of the 
town that it would otherwise be ; but I began to be afraid you 
would think I intended to "postpone it altogether" ; for nearly 
four weeks have elapsed since I entered the great world ! and 
this is the first time I have addressed my amiable young friend ; 
but when I first got here after emerging from Halifax; I felt I 
imagine as Robinson Crusoe did when he returned to his own 
country, after living so long in that dismal island ; I had become 
so completely rusticated, that perhaps I gaped and started at 
every thing I saw ! for such a change in a few days ; was enough 
to bewilder me, as much as a Kamschatskyan would be in Lon- 
don; and to make all the matter worse, I got here just as the 
races'^ began ; which you must be sensible, added to the hurly 

^^ The races which so interested Mrs. Kennon were at the Fairfield 
track. The Enquirer for May 10, 1810 gives an account of the three 
days meeting as follows : 

"Fairfield Jockey Club Races 

1st day, 4 mile heats for $400.00 

John Minge's b. h. Sir Alfred, by Sir Harry, 6 years old, 100 lbs. 5. i. i 

W. R. Johnson's b. m. Maria, by Bay Yanky, 4 years old, 93 lbs. 4. 2. 2 



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266 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

burly about the place; I knew not what to do with myself, I 
saw so many running to and fro : 

"But I luckily met with a friend ; 
And beg'd his assistance he'd lead ; 
So he led me about, 
Mongst the rabble and rout, 
And I thought the whole world at an end". 

"But the finest of all gay sights" was the agility and wonder- 
ful performances of the Equestrians; never did I behold the 
like; I was so astonished that I could only now and then find 
time to say: Well bless the world, for not only the riders, but 
the horses amazed me; however I will not attempt to discribe 
their feats for I cannot do them justice I will only tell you, 
that they surprised every body as well as your poor friend from 
the back woods. Well my dear girl I have accounted for my 
silence when I first came to this residence of great folks ; but 
the worst part of the story is to come, for just as I was thinking 
to impart to you as well as my pen would enable me some part of 
the pleasures I have enjoyed; my dear little Richard was taken 

Ralph Wormeley's c. h. Tom Tuff, by Escape, 6 years old 120 lbs. i. 4- 3 
Wade Mosby's s. h. Duroch, by Diomede, 4 years old, 100 lbs. 1.2. dr. 
Robert Temple's b. h. Lamplighter, by Diomede, 5 years old, 

no lbs. 6. 3. 6 

Genl. Chamberlayne's b. h. Providence, by Oscar, 4 years old, 

100 lbs. 2. dr. 

Wm. Ball's s. m. Minerva, by Diomede, 6 years old, 118 lbs. bolted 

Miles Selden's b. h. Mill Boy, by Bedford, 5 years old, no lbs. distance 
ist heat 8m. gs.; 2d heat 8m. 24s.; 3d heat 8m. 5s. 

2d day Proprietor's Purse $200.00, 3 mile heats 
Ralph Wormley's b. h. Moloch, by Diomede, 5 years old, no lbs. 3. i. i 
W. R. Johnson's c. h. Don Quixote, by Dion, 5 years old, 126 lbs. 4. 2. 2 
Wade Mosby's s. h. Duroch, by Diomede, 4 years old, 100 lbs. i. 2. dr. 
Genl. Chamberlayne's g. h. by Hamilton, 4 years old, 

TOO lbs. distance 

1st heat 6m. is.; 2d heat 5m. 54s.; 3d heat 5m. 59s. 
3d day Annual Sweepstakes for $500.00, 3 mile heats 
W. R. Johnson's s. h., by Diomede, belonging to Mr. Wilks, 

5 years old, 2. i. i 

Ralph Wormley's b. h. 4 years old by Diomede 3- 2. 2 

John Hoome's c. h. belonging to Mr. Tyler, 4 years old by 

Diomede 1.4. dr. 

Col. Selden's c. m., belonging to Mr. Fulton ^^ distance 

1st heat 5m. 31S. ; 2d heat 6m. 4s.; 3d heat 6m. 7s." 



lb 15VtV 






5 .t .5 

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KENNON LETTERS 267 

extremely ill with a worm fever I believe ; he was confined to 
his bed ten days, and is now so weak that he cannot walk across 
the room not even with assistance ; to you who know me so well 
I need not give any other reason for my want of punctuality as 
a correspondent. Ah, my dear, what short sighted animals we 
poor mortals are; how often do we plan schemes of pleasure, 
without reflecting how many unforseen events may arise to 
frustrate them; when I left the upper country, I intended only 
to stay a short time here and then proceed to Norfolk, to join 
my darling daughter and her amiable Help mate; but you see 
what a disagreeable stop has been put to my plan ; for I know 
not when I shall be able to visit them, for there is another im- 
pediment in the way besides Richards sickness, and that is the 
measles ; my children have never had it, and it is in my Brothers 
family; I shall therefore be obliged to stay here until they have 
it, for I would not by any means run the risque of carrying it 
any where with me; which I might do if I traveled with them 
before they had gone through it; well patience is a virtue and 
I will endeavour to exercise it ; and never did I find the exertion 
more necessary; for the last letter I got from Sally, contained 
the disagreeable information that she had the ague and fever 
very bad ; she says she has only dined twice out of her own room 
in a fortnight; the Captain has been two cruises since they 
were married, the first he took her with him; but the last she 
was too unwell to accompany him ; he is now at home, and she 
says she shall exert her persuasive powers, to prevail on the 
Commodore to let him stay with her until her health is better ; 
and as he is her next neighbor, visits them frequently, and must 
therefore be convinced how sick she is; she flatters herself he 
will be as indulgent as possible; I hope he will, for as he is a 
married man himself, he may perhaps have a fellow feeling 
for a brother Tar; you will not my dear girl think my sensa- 
tions enviable, when you reflect that I am detained by the ill- 
ness of one child here; and at the same time heard that another 
is so much indisposed, as to stand in need of good nursing; 
and it appears impossible for me to get to her in some weeks ; 
as long as her husband remains with her I shall be contented ; 
for I know his tenderness, care and attention to her, will be 






it' 



-•■it r grig a^i;- 



rainiajun boug lo 

I 

« 



268 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

equal to any thing I could do; but these amphibious animals 
have no time they can call their own; and I shall be very un- 
easy if he is obliged to leave her, before I can venture to go to 
her. You kindly say in your letter, that you are anxious to hear 
vi'hether or not I intend to reside with my daughter. Both she 
and her worthy Partner insist on my doing so; and as I, I will 
candidly confess to you, cannot be even tolerably contented away 
from her. I have consented to make their house the place of 
my abidance ; this elegant expression is not my own, I learned it 
in Halifax ; Erasmus wishes me very much to continue with him, 
and says he has as much right to me as Sally has; but I con- 
sider it so much easier for a man to travel than a woman ; that 
he will have it in his power to visit me much oftener than she 
could; particularly if she ever has a little family about her; I 
tell him this, but it does not satisfy him; this kind of conten- 
tion among my children for my company, is I assure you very 
pleasing to me ; for George swears, I shall not live with either 
of them when he is married ; for he shall take me himself. Your 
charming attentive brother has been to see me several times ; 
his company always afTords me pleasure, tho' there is a pain- 
ful sensation mingled with it; for when I am conversing with 
him, how much do I think of you all ; and of 
"Our evening walks our Tete a Tetes, our pleasing chat at tea; 
When on these pleasures gone I think, I'm lost in reverie; 
For now alas they are no more, ah, cruel destiny." 
Yes my dear Rachel, those happy times are gone never to re- 
turn; for tho' I please myself with the idea of seeing Warren- 
ton again some time or other ; yet I know I should not feel as 
I formerly did; too many disagreeable things have occurred 
there to be forgotten ; and whenever I thought of them, my feel- 
ings would be hurt; but enough of this, I will not have any 
tormenting restrospects when writing to you. Give my love to 
my dear Ellen, and tell her one of her lively, agreeable, funny, 
cliaracteristic letters; would be a treat to me in my present 
melancholy situation; confined to a sick room, with all the 
gloomy thoughts I have on such occasions; but which are now 
increased by my dread of measles; write then my beloved girls 
as soon as this short letter reaches Warrenton ; and delight me 



slU 



gfislrr T' 



. .... ... .Ai 



-. 8-ib vm an Z 



KENNON LETTERS 269 

with your letters ; I know they both will be charming. How is 
my highly valued Moses ask him why he never sends the least 
message through you to his old friend? I heard Sally wish 
several times to know, if the stockings she sent him were to his 
taste; inform me when you write, that I may tell her when I 
see her ; I told her he would not value them now she is an old 
married woman, half as much as he did when she was a belle ; 
but I suppose they are worn out before this ; remember me af- 
fectionately to him, and Solomon ; I would send them my love, 
if I thought two beaux would care a fig for the love of such 
an old animal as I am ; however you may include them with the 
rest of the family, to every individual of which you must present 
my unalterable love, from your Papa, and Mama, down to my 
little namesake; ask Augustus if Miss Sallie Kennon is a 
mighty pretty Lady now? I wonder if the dear little fellow 
remembers her. Let me again intreat you to write soon, for I 
long to hear from you ; and the communication is so direct to 
and from Warrenton to this place that we shall be unpardon- 
able if we are remiss in scribbling to each other; you know the 
Poet says : 

"Heaven sure taught letters for some wretches aid ; 
Some banished lover, or some captive maid ;" 

And I am sure he might have added for the satisfaction of 
friends too ; for I know not how I should bear being absent 
from so many that I love, if it was not for this charming inven- 
tion ; this certainly beguiles the pain of absence, and affords us 
delightful moments in abundance ; for while I am reading a let- 
ter from a friend, which does not contain any bad news ; I feel 
quite happy "exert your energys" then my charming young 
friend, to give me this consolation ; for you ought to try to con- 
sole me, for the small prospect there is of our meeting for 
several years, as often as possible. I know your time is very 
much engaged; but you might steal a few moments every day 
or two to devote to one who loves you so sincerely ; at any rate 
you can write on Sundays ; and that will not be doing more 
for me than I am now doing for you, for it is after midnight 



s. m 



3ie £j*^r 



270 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

and every eye in the house is closed but my own; you must 
excuse all the blunders you observe, and let no eye less partial 
to me than your own see this ; as you will by so doing expose 
to ridicule your sincerely affectionate friend. 

E. B. Kennon. 
Don't laugh at my having so many quotations. 



Mrs. Elizabeth B. Kennon to Rachel Mordecai 

Richmond July 9th 1819 
My dear, good, sweet, obliging Ellen : 

Astonishment, and pleasure joined together, does not prove 
fatal in these days; if they did in former times; or I am 
certain I should have been a victim to them this morning im- 
muned in a sick room, which I have scarcely left for a fort- 
night, for both my children have had the measles, I was 
standing at the window, looking about with a kind of vacant 
stare, not thinking of passing objects at all; when Sam's wel- 
come visage caught my eye ; he was escorting a young lady, 
I got only a glimpse of her face through the limbs of some 
trees which are in the yard ; but I easily recognized my be- 
loved Rachiel's features, an exclamation of, is it possible, burst 
from me, I ran down stairs as quick as my old ankles, we 
have no legs in the fashionable world, would carry me and 
had the inexpressible delight to embrace my long absent friend 
once more ; she only staid about an hour, indeed her visit 
was so short, it almost appears like a dream, my seeing her 
here. I had a thousand things to say to her; and they all 
arose in my mind in a kind of helter skelter way, and re- 
minded me of what I have heard of the crowds at the doors 
of the theatre; after Mr. Garrick, or Mrs. Siddons performed; 
where they were all striving to get out first, and by that means 
impeded each other ; this you will say is comparing great things 
with small, I agree with you that it is so ; but never the less 
the simile is not bad ; for as my questions could not all come 
out at once, they jostled and struggled for preeminence, and in 
the contest all remained where they were; I tried to pervail 
on her to return and stay all night ; but she said it was not 



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KENNON LETTERS 2/1 

in her power. I was thinking some days ago of your whole 
family and wondering if I should ever see any of you again 
except Sam ; and with a sigh feared I never should ; but this 
unexpected meeting with your sister, inspires me with hopes, 
that I shall in time be as fortunate with the rest of you ; and 
be delighted in the same manner at different times with the 
sight of you all; but when will it happen? ah, my dear girl 
that is a question I am afraid we shall not answer soon. I 
thank you my Ellen for your promptitude to oblige me, when 
I requested you to write to me ; assure yourself if you en- 
courage me, by answering my epistles, you shall find me a 
more punctual correspondent than those you complain of ; 
as for Sam he must apologize for himself; but the poor old 
matron Madam Sinclair, has been so sick with the ague and 
fever, that she has scarcely written to me since I came down 
the country; and if it had not been for the dutiful attention 
of her lord and master to his mother ; I should have heard 
very seldom from her ; but as he was convinced she was not 
able to write, and knew my anxiety about her ; he took that 
task on himself, and has from time to time informed me of 
her situation in his last letter he says, Sally is better. She 
has I assure you been extremely sick, she is very much re- 
duced. The Captain is now gone on a cruise, and she has 
exerted herself to scribble to me ; for I got a letter from her 
last week ; she mentioned that she had not written to you 
for some time, and requested me when I wrote to Rachel, 
to tell you the cause of her silence; and intreat you to ex- 
cuse it, for she would write when she was well enough ; she 
also desired her love to you all. You recollect she used to 
say, she should like to marry a Captain of a ship, because 
he would be so much from home ; but her opinion is en- 
tirely altered now; she laments his being of that profession, 
as it obliges him to be so much from her; speaks of his ab- 
sence very pathetically, declares it is almost insupportable and 
says, she should be as happy as it is possible to be in this 
world, if her husband could stay with her. Oh matrimony, 
matrimony, what a great metamorphoser art thou ; did you 
ever think Sally Kennon, the wild giddy, thoughtless, lively. 



b' 
I 

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ll 
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t>;i^ 



2'J2 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

rattle-brained Sally Kennon, would have become a real, down- 
right, loving wife? but so it is I give you my word; why 
Ellen my dear; perhaps you may depreciate as much, if you 
ever meet with a he creature who gets an entire possession 
of your heart, as this sailor has of hers ; how differently will 
you both think then, from what you did in the year eighteen 
hundred and six ; there is one thing I will answer for ; and 
that is, that you will be wiser if you are not happier than 
you were then ; but I hope you will be both ; for I am sure 
QMrs. Sinclair, would not give up one day of her beloved tar's 
valued company ; for a dozen rides on the cotton machine, 
twenty chats with sister, and Mrs. you know who ; tho' that 
was what you both set store by, as you always laid up a fund 
of amusement from those conversations; or an hundred walks 
to the mill, in search of natural curiosities; my dear girls 
may not laugh as much perhaps; but they will I flatter myself 
enjoy more felicity. In your letter you say you saucy girl, 
that Mrs. Kennon is a charming woman, and you love her; 
but she is not handsome ; why my dear child where are your 
eyes ? take my advice and never say so again ; for the con- 
trary opinion is so prevalent, that your judgment would be 
arraigned in every company you went into ; and you would be 
pointed at, and called the lady with the curious taste, who 
differed from every body in her notions ; stay child till I get 
to Norfolk ; and then you will hear what havock I make among 
the — I was going to say old beaux; but I will not mortify 
myself so much as to imagine, I shall only conquer the ancient 
animals; no, no, no, my dear; young and old will feel the 
influence of my charms; notwithstanding you judge so erron- 
iously ; I hope when you choose a husband, you will discrim- 
inate better; my son-in-law has promised me one of his brother 
officers ; he says I must set my cap for him ; for he is im- 
mensely rich ; and if he is eighty years old, almost blind, and 
quite lame; what does that signify when there is so much 
money in the way? I think I shall take the charming fellow; 
if I can get him; and then I will drive to Warrenton, in an 
elegant equipage and visit you all in style ; but I believe I will 



I! 

,h , . - - - 

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KENNON LETTERS 273 

leave the son of Neptune at home ; for perhaps you will not 
think so much of the finery, if you see the source from whence 
it will be derived. But enough of this silly stuff; for 
I have only scribbled in this way to divert you my dear girl; 
and am far from feeling as cheerful, as any person would 
suppose who perused this scrawl ; on the contrary I am really 
unhappy ; for I am detained here by the sickness of the children, 
which alone is sufficient to make me very uneasy, and in ad- 
dition to that, I know my beloved daughter is in a situation 
to want my care, and attention during the absence of her better 
half; but I must call hope, and patience to my aid, and en- 
deavour to bear my present difficulties with fortitude. Give 
my love to every individual of your family ; tell Solomon I 
thank him heartily for thinking it worth his while to write 
those few lines to me ; but like all good things there was not 
enough of them; the more the better; and most sincerely do 
I pray, that his wishes for my prosperity, may be trebled on 
his head; as for Moses, he appears to have forgotten me; 
for he never sends me the least message, to show he remembers 
there is such an old creature in existence; well, that is a 
mortification we superannuated belles must submit to from 
the youthful beaux; but notwithstanding he neglects me so 
much, he is as great a favourite as ever; your amiable Sam 
visits me sometimes; but not half as often as I wish; tell 
your Papa and Mama, I am afraid they do not want to see 
me as much as I do them; because I do not think I am as 
much worth wishing about. I had a letter from Erasmus the 
night before last; he said they were all well when he wrote; 
but he was near losing his son by an accident; he got so 
badly choked by a bone getting across his throat; that he 
is convinced a few moments would have put a period to his 
days; if, as George says, the great skill of Doctor Kennon, 
had not been successfully exerted to extract it ; it was an inch 
long and as thick as my little finger. The sheet is full my 
dear Ellen; if you send me a speedy answer, I shall think 
you are pleased with the quantity and quality it contains; if 
on the contrary, you are slow in acknowledging the receipt 
of it, I shall be certain I have fatigued you, and conduct my- 



no b^bh'i: -jul y^ 
& /i IfifiJ JIw/ ; .'> 

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274 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

self accordingly hereafter. Farewell my much loved girl, 
may you have many as sincere friends as 
Yours Affectionately 

E. B. Kennon. 
P. S. You sign yourself 
Ellen the scrawled ; I am 
sure I should call myself 
Elizabeth the incorrect. 

Miss Ellen Mordecai, 
War rent on, 
North Carolina. 

Honoured by 
Miss R. Mordecai. 



Mrs. Elizabeth B. Kennon to Ellen Mordecai 

Williamsburg Ocr. 15th 1810 
After a long, very long silence on both sides my dear Ellen ; 
I once more take up the quil of a foolish fowl, as a goose is 
generally said to be, tho' I cannot tell why, to put my wise 
thoughts on paper for your edification ; for surely the air I 
breathe now, ought to infuse wisdom into me ; near that seat 
of science William and Mary, surrounded by students f^ some 
of whom will probably hereafter be renowned philosophers, 
legislators, doctors, lawyers, and what not, repeatedly in com- 
pany with the professors and teachers at this far famed col- 
lege; if I do not gain an increase of knowledge, of what use 
will it be for me to associate with all these people? well if 
1 do not improve I will comfort myself with thinking, I was 
so very clever before that it is impossible to make an alter- 
ation for the better; what think you of that? When I see 



'^ Among the students at this session were Dabney Browne and Fer- 
dinand Stuart Campbell, afterwards professors at William and Mary, 
George Croghan, afterwards Adjutant General U. S. A.; the dis- 
tinguished Francis Gilmer, and Robert G. Scott, later an eminent lawyer, 
who married Susan, daughter of Bishop James Madison. 



Kioaiv 



, no inf. 



jAjaa«nM W2f J.i3 or vrowwavl .9 UT2taASu3 .auM 
' .7dO 



txiw yrji luq ot .vjlw llaJ Ofll ,ini oi 

I ■ 

srnog yd bol) 

-! 



?.R'H " iDjw 1 



KENNON LETTERS 2/5 

the young belles and beaux here together ; they bring to my 
memory two mad-caps I was acquainted with in the year 1806; 
called Ellen and Sally; and I smile when I reflect, what a de- 
lightful theatre this old metropolis would be for tl.cm to act 
their parts on, if they had the same thoughts and inclinations 
they had in that memorable foolish, happy year, as I have 
heard you call it; but the last mentioned lady of the charm- 
ing pair I allude to above ; has become quite a sober, domestic, 
sedate matron ; for Beverley says, she stays at home, attends 
to household matters, makes babys caps, and kisses her hus- 
band when he is with her; and when he is buffeting the bil- 
lows ; she sighs, looks melancholy as a cat, watches the wind, 
spies for the Nautilus, and laments the absence of her be- 
loved ; did you suppose it possible, for matrimony to make 
such an alteration? does it appear from this account that 
Mrs. Sinclair and S. S. Kennon are two different people? 
would you know her in this new character? I hardly think 
I shall ; it is only from what I have been told, that I give 
you this description of her ; for I have not seen her for 
eight months; but when I am with her, which I now hope 
to be in a few days ; I will take a good observation, not in 
a precipitate manner ; and when I have formed my opinion, 
I will tell you what I think; not in a circuitous way; but 
downright as the children say. High ho, my dear Ellen, I 
write in this foolish way to try and disperse my uneasy 
thoughts, for I know sorrow is what you never set store 
by, but I find it will not do, for in defiance of pen, ink, and 
paper, disagreeable reflections will intrude ; and bring to my 
minds eye my dear licensed man killer, as Doer. Lewis in 
Mecklenburg styles his fraternity, and my much loved sailor 
boy ; perhaps at this moment crossing Hampton Roads in a 
mail boat ; both to encounter dangers which make my heart 
ache ; but I will not trouble you with my fears ; for you will 
have them when you are a wife, and mother yourself; and 
it is useless to plague you with mine. It is a pity you are 
so totally unacquainted with the inhabitants of this ancient 
city ; for I could amuse you very agreeably with the anecdotes 
of the place if you knew the persons ; but as it is, it would 



aofi oj 



DnS ,£IJ 11 1o\ 83) 



ion f> 



276 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

be dull uninteresting stuff ; but there is one young lady here 
who I know you have heard of, Miss Susan Madison she 
was engaged you recollect to Ned Johnson ; she appears de- 
termined to have a student from one of the southern states, 
for she is now mortgaged to a Mr. Scott from Georgia; and 
it is said they are to be married as soon as he has completed 
his education ; don't you think he has come a great way for a 
wife? I suppose he thought it best to kill two birds with one 
stone, get a sweet girl and his learning, as your old Frank 
said, at the same time. I hear one of your Carolina girls 
has played the duce with our elegant tar as Captain Smith 
is called ; I am surprised she could treat such a clever fellow 
so ; for as I have heard Miss Sawyer's conduct represented 
by a lady who was here the other day ; I think it must have 
been very wrong ; I imagine the son of Neptune is ready to 
exclaim in the words of the song "Sirens in every port we 
find, more fell than rocks or waves" ; but he must comfort 
himself with the old saying, there are as good fish in the 
sea as ever came out of it ; and as the ocean is his element, 
he may perhaps find one, who will make him amends for 
this disappointment ; I sincerely wish he may for he is a 
truly amiable gentleman, as well as an honest hearted sailor. 
When I was at Petersburg, and heard of the stage from 
Warrenton coming in, and going out, I had such an inclination 
to see you all, that I could with difficulty resist the temptation ; 
and had almost determined once, to take a flying trip to the 
little village which I shall forever feel a partiality for, not- 
withstanding I was treated so ill there ; and nothing prevented 
me but having William and Richard with me ; and I did not 
choose either to carry them with me, or to leave them behind. 
i\Iy journey from Richmond to Petersburg, afforded me an 
oportunity of getting acquainted with your uncle Myers, and 
Miss Catherine Wiseham ; with both of whom I was delighted ; 
I cannot have the feelings of a stranger toward any of your 
family ; for the moment Mr. Myers got in the stage, I ob- 
served such a strong resemblance to your dear Mama, that 
I felt as if I was in the company of a friend ; but as he had 
no reason to be as much pleased with me ; I am afraid our 



^rji o) 



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ijA 9 



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to 



KENNON LETTERS 2// 

sentiments were not reciprocal. Give my love to your Papa, 
Mama, Brothers and Sisters ;and tell your Papa I shall es- 
teem it a particular favour, if he will by the first safe con- 
veyance send my bed, and bedstead, and little chest to Gen- 
eral Jones's; as I want them for William Henry who is go- 
ing to school directly. There has another great "transmo- 
grafication" taken place; this has also been occasioned by 
ihe same event — matrimony; for Maria Byrd and Mrs. Brad- 
fute,"^ are as unlike; as Mrs. Sinclair and Sally Kennon ; she 
has quitted her airs and graces, and become as domestic as 
you please ; and instead of decorating her own person ; she and 
her sisters are busily employed, in ornamenting all the para- 
phernalia, for even the petticoats are worked, of a little stranger 
she expects shortly to present her good man with : and that you, 
and my beloved Rachel may, whenever you choose to become 
brides; meet with as amiable partners as the two ladies above 
mentioned have ; is the sincere prayer of your truly 
Afifecte. Friend 

E. B. Kennon. 
P. S. All here join in love to you and 
the rest of the family. Nancy says she 
is afraid Caroline has forgotten her. 

Miss Ellen Mordecai, 
Warrenton, 
North Carolina. 



Mail. 



Mrs. Arthur Sinclair to Ellen Mordecai 

Norfolk November the 5th 1810 

I have this moment my beloved Ellen, concluded a long 

letter to my poor Sailor ; and as I know you have long since 

concluded from my silence that I had forgotten you ; or rather 

that I had forgotten the use of my pen; I have seated my- 

^ Maria, daughter of Otway Byrd and wife of Davidson Bradfute. 



•id S'ljH 2i3)eis i3cl 



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.lifiM 



278 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

self to devote the residue of this afternoon to you. I will 
before I begin to give you any of the occurrencies of Town, 
tell you all the reasons why, and wherefore that have thus 
long kept me silent ; and to sum them all in one ; I simply in- 
form you, that it has been the want of that first of all bless- 
ings, health ; for I can with truth assure you ; I have scarcely 
known what it is to be quite well one day ; since I became 
a married woman; and it now wants a very little of ten 
months since that has been the case. I have not since I 
came to Norfolk except those that I was obliged to write to ; 
my husband and Mother ; I give you my word written but 
three letters. My health is now I thank God much better than 
it has been but my back, which received a violent hurt when 
I was a child, and which I doubt not you have frequently 
heard me speak of, almost makes a complete cripple of me ; 
so much so, that the position I am obliged to set in 
while writing, is extremely painful, but the same reasons 
do not exist my dear girl to prevent your writing; and I did 
hope, you would not have stood on ceremony with an old 
friend ; particularly as you know my situation ; and that it 
was not inclination but necessity that withheld my pen ; for 
I take infinitely too much pleasure in writing to and receiving 
letters from you, to relinquish it for a trifle. I will how- 
ever quit the subject with a hope that should any unforeseen 
event, prevent my writing to you for the next two or three 
months ; that you will not again treat me as a stranger but 
will write as often as you can ; and I give you my word, I 
will pay you with interest, as soon as it is again in my 
power to scribble. I will not easily give up the pleasure I 
have for a long time been promising myself of a visit from 
you, and Rachel this winter ; you certainly can come during 
your vacation; if it is only for a few weeks, or a month; you 
cannot have an idea how much pleasure such an event would 
give me ; or you would exert all your powers to put the 
plan in execution ; you can get from Warrenton to this place 
in two days or three at farthest ; and the inconvenience of 
being that length of time in the stage, will I hope be more 
than counterbalanced ; by the pleasure we should all derive 



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from a reunion which I fear will never take place unless you 
will adopt this plan ; for I have no hope as long as my Good 
man is in the line of life he at present is, of ever again 
visiting the upper country ; he is never at home long enough 
to accompany me ; and I could not you know go without him ; 
for I have not now as formerly a brother always at my 
command or a beau now and then to offer his services. Now 
you see this is still the case with you and my dear Rachel ; 
for you have three brothers all or either of whom I know 
will come with you with pleasure ; at least when they know 
by doing so, they will so essentially oblige an old friend. Mama 
is with me; Captain Sinclair will also be in at that time and 
we shall spend our time most delightfully; he is out now; 
but will be in for the winter in about three weeks ; indeed 
it is now time for them to let him stay at home a little while ; 
for since last May he has not I am confident spent three 
weeks at a time at home ; if he has been with me three, it 
is as the negroes say the outside. I almost wish the Nautilus 
did not sail as fast as she does ; for it is on that account I 
am told ; that they keep him out so constantly ; if ever you are 
placed in a similar situation, you will find it not the most 
pleasant of all things in this life; to be one half of the time 
that is allotted you, separated from your husband ; that is 
if you love him ; now if on the contrary you do not care 
"no sight" for him, as Miss Patty vwuld say; it would be 
vastly pleasant to be your own mistress ten months, out of 
the twelve; but if on the contrary like me, you loved him 
most ardently, and were still separated no situation on earth 
can he more distressing. He is now cruising off the coast of 
North Carolina ; which is I am told by tars the most dangerous 
on our coast. He has just returned from that place and was 
very near being lost, God knows what can induce the Depart- 
ment to send him there again, so soon after his being so 
nearly lost ; they have their reasons I suppose ; and I must 
submit with perfect resignation. I have not heard from him 
but once, since he left me ; and that was the night he went 
away ; he was obliged to come to an anchor about twelve or 
eighteen miles from this place for the want of a wind to 



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280 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

carry him to sea ; and wrote to me only to say he was well 
and that far on his way out. You must positively come my 
dear girls and let me introduce you to him, you will not see 
a handsome one ; but as sweet a fellow as ever you saw in all 
the days of your life. I will also promise to let you see as 
many smart Navy Officers as you can possibly wish for ; 
Norfolk abounds with them. My paper is quite full, I must 
therefore bid you adieu, after begging you will present my 
love to every member of your family and telling the boys 
they must bring you and my dear Rachel to see me, if they 
value the regard of theirs and your truly affectionate friend 
S. S. Sinclair. 

To Miss Ellen Mordecai, Warrenton, N. C. Mail. 

I had given the Emigrant to Sally Brown before you wrote 
to me for it or you should certainly have had it. 

(To be continued) 






.liiiM .') M ,iv. T 

5)01W vox 3 ' ' - ■■ I 



VIRGINIA QUIT RENT ROLLS, I704 251 



VIRGINIA QUIT RENT ROLLS, 1704 
(Continued) 



Gloucester Rent Roll 
A Rent Roll in Petso [Petsworth] Parish. 

ACRES 

Capt. David Alexander 1050 

James Amis 250 

Wm. Armistead 430 

John Acre 100 

Ralph Baker 150 

Martha Brooken [Brooking?] 600 

Thomas Buckner 850 

Sam" Bernard 550 

Wm. Barnard [Bernard] 810 

Rich"* Bailey 600 

Mary Booker 100 

Thomas Cook 350 

Wm. Crymes 400 

Jno. Cobson 100 

Robt. Carter 11 02 

Wm. Collone 400 

Hannah Camell 100 

Benja. Clements 400 

Jno. Clarke 100 

Wm. Cook 135 

Jno. Coleman 200 

Jno. Day 400 

Jerim Darnell 150 

Jn° Darnell 60 

James Dudley 780 



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282 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 





ACRES 


Rich" Dudley 


400 


Thomas Dudley 


200 


Thomas Dixon 


300 


Jn° Drument 


80 


Sam" Fowler 


150 


Wm. Fleming 


600 


Wid" Forginson 


150 


Wm. Fockner 


180 


Jn° Grymes 


1400 


Susannah Grinley 


200 


Darcas Green 


400 


Jn" Grout 


300 


Jn° Harper 


100 


Wm. Howard 


300 


Rich" Hubard 


100 


Wm. Hansford 


500 


Jn° Hanes 


150 


Alexander How 


120 


Rich" Hill 


70 


Rob' Hall 


100 


Rich" Hull 


250 


Sam" Hawes 


200 


Stephen Johnson 


150 


Wm Jones for Northington 


530 


Glebe Land 


127 


Jn° Kingson 


400 


Cap. Edward Lewis 


1000 


Rich" Lee Esq' 


1140 


Nich" Lewis orphen 


350 


Wm. Milner 


900 


Rich" Miner 


250 


Edw" Musgrove 


100 


' 


21364 


Hayes an Orphan 


60 


Eliz" Mastin 


360 


Jn" Mackwilliams 


50 



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VIRGINIA QUIT RENT ROLLS, I704 



283 



Robt. Nettles 

Wm. Norman 

Isaac Oliver 

Dorothy Oliver 

Jn" Pritchett 

Jn° Pate 

Rich'' Price 

Mad" Porteus 

Mad" Page 

Robt. Porteus 

Guy Parish 

Wm. Roane 

James Reynolds 

George Robinson 

John Royston 

Thomas Read 

Wm. Richards in Pamunkey 

Jn° Shackelford 

Edward Symons 

Nich° Smith 

John Stubs 

Thomas Simpson 

John Smith 

Augustin Smith 

Augustin Smith, Jun' 

Wm. Stanbridge 

Wm. Thornton Sen' 

Wm. Thornton Jun' 

Wm. Thurston 

Wm. Upshaw 

Francis Wisdom 

Thomas West 

Thomas Whiting 

George Williams 

Conquest Wyatt 

Seth Wickins 

Walter Waters 



ACRES 

300 

150 
100 
130 

850 

IIOO 

600 

500 

550 

892. 

100 

500 

2CX) 
300 

2000 

280 
500 
280 
300 
280 
1300 
200 
500 

800 
200 
490 

112 

100 

2200 

50 

' 200 



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284 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 





ACRES 


Jane Wortham 


60 


Robt. Yard 


450 


Robt. Hall 


250 


Wm. Whittmore Desarted 


150 


Wm. Parsons Orphan 


100 


Edw" Stephens 


70 


John Kelly Orphan 


150 




19768 




21364 




4II32 


Tho Neale 





Gloucester Rent Roll 
A Rent Roll in Kingston Parish. 



Rose Curtis 


400 


Robt. Peyton 


680 


Rich" Perrott 


35 


Henry Preston 


1500 


Sarah Green 


200 


Robt. Cully 


200 


Thomas Hayes 


140 


Andrew Bell 


128 


Humphrey Toy 


IIOO 


Anne Aldred 


350 


Dunkin Bahannah [Bohannon?] 


113K 


Rich'i Hunley 


50 


Capt. Gayle 


164 


Math Gayle, Jun^ 


250 


James Hundley 


100 


John Hundley 


130 


Philip Hundley 


660 


Tho Cray 


200 



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VIRGINIA QUIT RENT ROLLS, I704 285 

ACRES 

Hen. Knight 240 

John Williams 5^ 

Rich" Beard 3^0 

Timothy Hundley 300 

Thomas Bedford 5° 

Jn" Floyd 250 

John Bohannah ii3>^ 

Capt. Armi stead 3^75 

Christopher Dixon 3^0 

Robt. Bristow Esq' 900 

Edw" Gowing lOO 

Tho. Ryland 272 

John Nevill 100 

Lawrence Parrott 34^ 

Wm. Brooks 720 

Joseph Bohannah 148 

Wm. Hampton 34^ 

Widd" Green 150 

Capt. Dudley 650 

Capt. Knowles 575 

Capt. Tho : Todd 775 

Wm. Beard 100 

Wm, Tompkins 100 

Henry Bolton 5^ 

Wm. Eliott 1060 

Humphrey Tompkins 100 

Daniel Hunter 200 

Thomas Peyton 684 

Rich<« Dudley 35^ 

James Ransom jun' 3^^) 

Tho Peters 3° 

Robt. Elliott 1247 

Mich: Parriott 100 

Jn° Meachen Jun' 600 

Caleb Linsey 140 

Alexander Ofield 23 

Mark Thomas 300 



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286 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

ACRES 

Jn" Garnet 250 

Wm. Rumer 5 10 

Wm. Brumley 750 

Wm. Credle 5^ 

Charles Jones 225 

Robt. Sadler 50 

EdW Sadler 20 

Geo. Roberts 170 



24256 

Rich"* Longest 600 

Tho Fliping 300 

Charles Walters 100 

Wm. Gundry 200 

Thomas Kemp 2CX) 

Tho Allaman 842 

Coll Kemp 200 

Ralph Shipley 430 

George Turner 5^ 

Coll James Ransom 1400 

Thomas Putman 3^0 

Rich" Marchant 180 

Widd« Sinoh 3^0 

Christopher Rispus 200 

Benj. Read 550 

Walter Keble 55o 

Joseph Brooks 500 

Capt. Gevin noo 

Lindseys Land 39^ 

Thomas Garwood 77 

John Callis 1000 

Tho Miggs 100 

Rich-' Glascock 500 

Jn" Lylley 584 

Geo. Billups 1200 

Robt. Singleton 650 

James Foster 225 



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VIRGINIA QUIT RENT ROLLS, I704 



287 



John Andrews 

Thomas Rice 

John Martin 

Capt. Smith 

Capt. Sterhng 

John Diggs 

Wm. Hewlett 

Jn» Miller 

Andrew Ripley 

Francis Jarvis 

Wm. Armistead 

John Banister 

Tho: Plumer 
Isaac Plumer 
James Taylor 
Edw" Borum 
Widd" Davis 
Sam : Singleton 
Wm. Morgan, Sen' 
Wm. Morgan, jun' 
John Bacon 
Henry Singleton 
John Edwards 
Patrick Berry 
Anne Forrest 



ACRES 

50 

34 

200 

550 

IIOO 

. 1200 

300 

100 

40 

460 

300 
650 

400 
200 

50 
360 
300 
300 

50 

200 

825 

600 

534 
250 
500 

22281 
24256 

46537 



Ambrose Dudley 
1705 



(To be continued) 



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VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



NOTES AND QUERIES 



WILL OF PHILIP LUDWELL, 1767 

P. C. C. 
Legard 183. 

Philip Ludwell, late of the Colony of Virginia but now of the City 
of Westminster, esquire 

Will dat. 28 Feb. 1767. All my estate real & personal in the Colony 
of Virginia (not hereby otherwise disposed of) to Hon. Richard Cor- 
bin, esq., H. M. Receiver Gen. of Virginia, Robert Carter Nicholas, 
tiq.. Treasurer of Virginia, John Waylcs & Benjamin Waller, esq., 
attorneys at law in Virginia, in fee, in trust for my daurs. Hannah 
Philippa L., Frances L. & Lucy L. in fee, to be divided as follows, 
the Green Spring part whereby I mean that part of my land that lies 
in James City County on the Western side of Powhatan Swamp (with 
slaves, stocks, etc.) including Powhatan Mill & the Miller; the Rich 
Neck part whereby I mean all on Eastern side of the Powhatan Swamp 
& at Archers Hope & in Williamsburg; the Chipokes part whereby I 
mean all lands in the county of Surry; these to be made as equal 
as possible by adding part of one division to another and then Green 
Spring part to be conveyed to H. P. my Rich Neck part (with Rich 
Neck plantation therein) to F. at 21 or marr'd and the third part in- 
cluding Chipokes & my Surry lands to L. at 21 or marr'd— all in fee 
with Survivors' clause. All household furniture, books, etc., in Vir- 
ginia to be sold except one large mahogany "escrultore," etc. Whereas 
I stand engaged by promises to give freedom to 2 of my slaves, named 
Jane & Sarah, daurs. of Cress, for her faithful & unwearied care in 
nursing my dear little orphans from the death of their mother & finally 
sacrificing her life in their service. Now I empower my daur. H. P. L. 
on my death & desire her to have them brought over to England & 
manumitted, to sd. daur. iioo for this. My sd. daur. H. P. L. im- 
mediately & my daurs. F. & L. at 21 to be universal extrices. & my 
friends the sd. R. Corbin, R. C. Nicholas, J. Wayles & B. Waller to 
be exors. jointly with them in Virginia, Peter Paradise, esq., John 
Paradise, esq. of City of Westminster & William Dampier, esq.. Master 
Apothecary of S. George's Hospital to be exors. jointly with my daurs. 
in England & to be guardians to my 2 daurs. F. & L. till 21 or marriage 
but if either shd. go over to Virginia my trustees in Virginia to have 
powers of guardians, A handsome ring to each of my trustees, to my 



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V. 



NOTES AND QUERIES 289 

friend Charles Carol, jun. of Maryland, esq., books in Virginia he may 
choose. JVitiis. Jos" Sharpe of Lincolnston, [Lincoln's Inn?] Sam' 
Lund of the Strand, Thomas Trafford, of Cecil Street. 

Cod. dat. 2 Mar. 1767. Estate up to time of division to be carried 
on as if I were alive & tobacco to be shipped as usual to my dear & 
faithful friends, Messrs. Cary, Moorey & Welch, merchants in London 
& by them to be accounted for to Messrs. Paradise & Dampier 2 of my 
exors. in England. IVitiis. Josa. Sharpe, Tho. Trafford, John Brown, 
(sic) Proved 6 May, 1767 by Philippa L., Spinster daur. & one 
of the universal extrices. Power reserved to Frances L. & Lucy L., 
spinsters, daurs. also & the other universal extrices when of age. Power 
reserved also to Richard Corbin, esq., Robert Carter Nicholas, John 
Wayles &: Benjamin Waller, exors. in Virginia & also to Peter Para- 
dise, esq., John Paradise, esq., & William Dampier, esq., the exors. in 
England. 

Special Probate P. A. B. 

Thomas, etc., Archbp It hath been alleged .... by Hannah 

Philippa Ludwell, spn., that Philip Ludwell late of prsh. of St. Martin 
in the Fields Middx., esq., some time since died, having made his Will 
& a codicil having appted. various exors. (recited as in above extract 
will appear). Now on 6 May, 1767 the sd. will was proved by sd. 
Hannah Philippa L., spr. daur. & one of the universal extrices. Power 
reserved (as in extraited probate) given at the time & place afsd. 

[This was Philip Ludwell, of "Greenspring", third of the name. He 
was born Dec. 28-29, 1716; died in England March 25, 1767 and was 
buried at Bow Church. With him the male line of the Va. Ludwells 
ended. See Lee of Virgmia, p. 129.] 



READE OF GLOUCESTER 

George Reade of Gloucester, who came to Virginia in Harvey's 
second administration, married Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas Mar- 
tian, and died in 1671, a member of the Council under Berkeley, must 
always be of interest in the Virginia tradition because he was one of 
the ancestors of George Washington and Robert E. Lee. The meagre 
vestiges of his family which survive the destruction of the Gloucester 
records are collected in Va. Mag., iv, 204; vi, 408; IV. & M. Quar., 

In the family of Tompkins of King William there is a Bible which 
throws a pale ray of new light on some of these Reades. It contains 
genealogical entries transcribed by Elizabeth Mildred Gwyn Tompkins 
(1788-1856), wife of William Temple Fleet, of "Fleet Street" from 
a similar, but older, record, since destroyed by fire, in the possession 
of her nephew, Richard Tompkins of "Enfield." Mrs. Fleet was a 



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290 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

granddaughter of Christopher Tompkins (1705-1778) and of Joyce 
(1701-1771), daughter of the Thomas Reade of Gloucester who was 
son of George, and himself married (Hening, viii, 483) Lucy, daughter 
of Edmund Gwyn of Gwyn's Island. By tradition the Thomas Reade 
last mentioned left eleven children. The two sons, Thomas and John 
arc authenticated. Of the daughters, the five following have been 
taken as proven by the genealogists, viz: Lucy (1701-1731), m. 
John Dixon of Bristol (M. L in W. & M. Quar., iii, 29). Joyce 
(1701/2-1771), m. Christopher Tompkins of Caroline (Fa. Mag., 
xix, 196). Mildred, m. Philip Rootes of "Rosewall" in King & Queen, 
Va. Mag., iv, 204). Mary, m. Mordecai Throckmorton {VV. & M. 
Quar., iii, 50; xiv, 117). Anne, m. Matthew Pate of Gloucester 
([F. & M. Quar., xiv, 117). 

With this list may now be compared the Tompkins record of the 
daughters of Thomas Reade, viz : 

Joyce Reade married Tompkins 

Lucy Reade married Rootes 

Dorothy Reade married Throgmorton 

Sarah Reade married Cary 

Mary Reade married Duval [intended for Dixon?] 

Mildred and Catherine. 
The confusion in this list as compared with the proofs of the other 
families into which the daughters married shows that the Tompkins 
I^ible entry was made in a generation later than that recorded, but its 
value as testimony lies in its substantial accuracy and the addition of 
the three daughters (Sarah, Dorothy and Catherine), who bring the 
total number of children up to the traditional eleven. 

To the Cary family this record of a wide spread connection has a 
special significance as it may be a clew to the provenance of Sarah 
(i7io?-i783), wife of Wilson Cary (1702-1772) of Ceelys. The long 
and patient, but fruitless, search by the late Wilson Miles Cary of 
Baltimore for the family name of this Sarah is rehearsed in Va. Mag., 
ix, 107, and The Virginia Carys, p. 105. 

What gives colour to this clew is that the marriage of one of the 
Reades (who on the present hypothesis would have been a sister of 
Wilson Gary's wife) to Matthew Pate might explain the possession 
of Pate books and Gloucester lands by the son of Wilson Cary. 

F. H. 



PAGE. 

The account given in the Genealogy of the Page Family in Vir- 
ginia of the second Mann Page, viz., the eldest son of Mann Page and 
Judith Carter, is capable of some additions. He is referred to as 



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V) 



NOTES AND QUERIES 29I 

"of Rosewell", and it is assumed that he died there, though no tomb- 
stone has been found. As a matter of fact, he had before his de- 
cease removed from Rosewell to Mannsfield in Spotsylvania county, 
and in his will, dated 1780, calls himself "of Mannsfield". The pre- 
sumption would be that he was buried at Mannsfield. 

The list of his children as given in the Genealogy (pp. 68-69, second 
edition, 1893) is incomplete. It lacks the names of two sons, George 
and Warren, both of whom were of age in 1780, and to the latter 
of whom his father left an estate in the Northern Neck called Bull 
Run, and also lands in Spotsylvania. 

The date given for the birth of the son Gwynn Page is somewhat 
in error, as he was under age in 1780. Also, the conjectural date of 
the marriage of Lucy Burwell Page to Col. Baylor ("1784") is in- 
correct, as they were already married before the date of her father's 

will. 

These matters have probably already had the attention of those 
immediately concerned. But as the corrections have not, to my knowl- 
edge, appeared in print, they are now submitted. 

Ben J. L. An cell. 



DAY ARMS. 



The following is a copy of a memorandum made by John Day, of 
Isle of Wight County, for his son, Davis Day: 

"Day Arms 
Sic itur ad astra 
Two hands clasping each other coupled at wrist, conjoined to a 

pair of wings. 

John Day 
to his son 
Davis Day" 
1776 



HOOKE. 



Wanted, to hear from all persons interested in the Hooke (Hook, 
Hooks, Hookes and Hok, or other spellings of this name) family 
history, especially William, Robert, George, Elisha and Elijah Hooke. 

Mrs. Audrey K. Spence, 
Wytheville, Va. 



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292 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



GENEALOGY 



CLEMENT, CLEMENTS, CLEMANS. 
With a Notice of Mark Twain's Ancestry 

By Mrs. N. E. Clement, Chatham, Va. 

In the Genealogy Magazine edited by Wm. M. Clemens, of Pompton 
Lake, New Jersey, there appears an article beginning in Vol. X, No. 
9, called the "Genesis of Mark Twain", in which the editor treats of 
the Virginia ancestry of the distinguished American humorist and 
author. 

So renowned a name as that of Samuel L. Clemens would be an 
honorable addition to any family history and would find an assured 
welcome wherever it rightly belonged. 

The editor of Genealogy, in his article, has made Mr. Clemens a 
member of the Virginia families of Clement and Clements, confusing 
the two families, and making so many mis-statements that in justice 
to them the following corrections are offered. 

Genealogy states that the founder of the family of Samuel L. Clemens 
was Mrs. Elizabeth Clements who came to Virginia in 161 1, bringing 
with her her four small children, and two servants, a woman of gentle 
birth and breeding, the niece of Sir Nicholas Fuller and Lady Elizabeth 
Layghton. In early Virginia records her name is spelled both Clement 
and Clements, but Mr. Wm. M. Clemens spells it Clemens. The only 
way to ascertain the correct mode of spelling these early surnames 
is by reference to signatures on original manuscripts such as deeds and 
wills. 

Genealogy further states: "the daughter and three sons of this 
first gentlewoman grew to their full stature in the wilds of the new 
world, degenerating slowly one generation after another as they pene- 
trated further and further into the wilderness, into tribes of low, 
ignorant, and poverty stricken mountaineers, only after several gene- 
rations to rise again thro' the female influence of their families into 
a race that finally found once more the high water mark of intelligence 
in the mind and work of Mark Twain." 

Complete genealogies of the Clement and Clements families of Vir- 
ginia have never been compiled owing to the destruction of the court 
records of the eastern counties, but wherever mention is made of them 
we find their members occupying positions of honor and trust among 
their fellow men. 



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GENEALOGY 293 

The Editor of Genealogy says : 

"The son Jeremiah (son of Mrs. Elizabeth) the ancestor of Mark 
Twain, married Edy in James City in 1634." 

The records of James City County have been destroyed, but in the 
Land Office in Richmond, in Patent Book 3, page 274, dated 1636, 
Jeremiah Clements is granted 500 acres eastward of land formally in 
his possession, on the north side of James River for the transportation 
of nine persons, one of whom is given as Edy, wife of Jeremiah Cle- 
ments. 

Quoting Genealogy : 

"Jeremiah's son, Francis, born in Surry County, was the father 
of a second Francis who married Elizabeth Meriweather and died in 
1721." 

In Land Patent Book, Vol. 2, page 306, we find granted unto "Jere- 
miah Clements, son and heir of Mrs. Elizabeth Clements, deceased, 
350 acres on the east side of Upper Chippooks Creek, August 26, 1633." 

Upper Chippooks Creek lies in what became Surry County in 1652, 
and with the destruction of James City record we turn to Surry County. 

Jeremie Clement represented James City County in the House of 
Burgesses in 1641. He probably died before Surry was made a county. 

In Surry Deed, March 17, 1657, Captain Henry Perry, who had 
married the "heretrix" of Jeremiah Clements of Upper Chippoecks 
Creek conveys 350 acres to Edward Oliver. 

Again, Captain Bartholomew Clements of Surry County, in his will 
dated 1713, bequeathes "my dividend of land on Upper Chippoecks" 
to friend \Vm. Rooking, to whom he leaves his estate. 

In Quit Rent Rolls for Surry County, 1704, Bartho. Clements pays 
tax on 1 1 50 acres of land. 

"Bartho. Clements one tract of land he now living in England 
the quantity unknown." Va. Mag. Hist, and Biog., Vol. 29, page 28. 

Francis Clements of Surry County was not a son of Jeremiah 
Clements. In book 7, page 703, Land Patents Records, Rich., there 
is granted to Francis Clements, year 1689, 450 acres of land, due for 
the transportation of nine persons into the colony, and the list is 
headed with his own name, showing him to be an emigrant. 

He represented Surry County in the House of Burgesses in 1692, 
(Journal House Burgesses). He served as clerk of the General As- 
sembly 1699. (Journal H. B.) 

He was clerk of Surry County from Oct. 1697 to July 1708. (Surry 
Records) and his signature as Clerk to Court proceedings reads "Fra. 
Clements." 

Francis Clements married ist Elizabeth Meriweather, sister of Wm. 
and Major Nicholas Meriweather. (Surry Records, Deed Book 4, 
page 46.) 2nd, Lydia , probably Blighton, for at Surry Court 



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294 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

held August ii, 171 1, Francis Clements and wife Lydia administer the 
estate of George Blighton. 

Prior to 1715 Francis Clements, Senior, moved over into Isle of 
Wight County, for in that year he deeds, "for love and affection, 516 
acres to son Francis Clements, Junior," and states "I, Fra. Clements, 
of Isle of Wight, appoint loving friend Nicholas Mogget of Surry 
to be my true and lawful attorney to acknowledge the deed," etc. 

The will of Francis Clements, Sr. is recorded in Isle of Wight. 
1719, in Vol. 2, page 632, of Wills and Deeds. He bequeathes to sol. 
Francis Clements "my plantation commonly called. The Springs, where- 
of the said Francis now dwells, containing 516 acres. My silver tank- 
ard (obliterated). 

To son Thomas, 450 acres, a gun called Harrison, etc. 
To son Benjamin, my plantation on north side Nottaway River and 
450 acres adjoining." 
Daughters — Mary and Elizabeth — 
Wife, Lydia, sole executor. 

"To friend Capt. Nathaniel Ridley my silver sword, and to his wife, 
Elizabeth, a mourning ring." 

Slaves, Sam and Nannie, he sets free" as a reward for faithful ser- 
vice," giving each 50 acres and a cow. 

Francis Clements, Jr., of Surry, died in 1721. (In his will which 
is recorded in Surry he mentions neither a wife nor children.) He 
states that he is the son of Francis Clements, deceased, and names 
brothers, Thomas and Benjamin. He leaves his plantation called Indian 
Springs for a glebe for Southwork Parish. (An ancient house stand- 
ing on the highway between Surry C. H. and Petersburg is today 
called the Glebe. Is it the original Indian Springs Plantation?) 

The editor of Genealogy says: "Francis who died in 1721 named 
a son Benjamin in his will. Benjamin, who was one of the founders 
of Lynchburg, married Susanna Hill in 1736." 

We have seen that Francis Clements, who died in 1721, named in 
his will, not a son but a brother Benjamin. 

Benjamin Clement who married Susanna Hill was the son of Wil- 
liam Clement of King William and Amelia Counties. 

In Book 17, page 164, Land Patent Books, Richmond, William Cle- 
ment of King William County is granted 1227 acres in Amelia County, 
on Appomattox River and Bent Run, in year 1736. The father of 
William Clement of King William is not known, owing to the de- 
struction of the records in that part of the state, but it is significant 
that Benjamin Clement of Gloucester County owned 600 acres in 
King William County as given in the Quit Rent Rolls for 1704. (Va. 
Mag. Hist., Vol. 30, p. 75). 

This Benjamin Clement of Gloucester is mentioned in the will of 



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GENEALOGY 295 

Edward Creffield of London, in 1694, when he bequeathes "the rest 
of my estate both real and personal in Virginia unto my loving friend 
Mr. Benjamin Clement of Ware in ye County of Gloucester, in Vir- 
ginia." Va. Mag. Hist., Vol. 19, p. 290. (The Gloucester records 
destroyed in 1865). 

William Clement served as one of the presiding justices of the Court 
of Amelia from 1741 to 1755, when he was appointed Sheriff of the 
County. (Amelia County Records.) 

He died in 1760, and in his will, probated in February of that year 
(to which his signature reads William Clement) he named sons, Ben- 
jamin Clement, John Clement, William Clement, Francis Clement and 
daughters Elizabeth, Anne and Barsheba, — to each of whom he leaves 
two slaves. At death of wife, Anne Clement, estate to be equally 
divided among his seven children. (Amelia County Records.) 

Benjamin Clement, son of William Clement of King William and 
Amelia, married Susanna, and it is family tradition that she was 
Susanna Hill, probably a daughter of Captain Isaac Hill of King and 
Queen County. They were married about 1725, for their son Isaac 
was born in 1727, according to the Register of his family Bible. 

Benjamin Clement began patenting lands on Staunton River as early 
as 1741. (Land Office Book, 19.) 

Benjamin and Susanna Clement of Amelia sold their plantation seat 
in 1748, (Amelia Deeds) at which date they probably moved to Staunton 
River. 

When Halifax was made a county in 1752 Benjamin Clement, Gent, 
was one of the Justices of the Peace appointed for the new county, 
and was appointed Captain of a company of rangers for Halifax in 
1755- (Halifax Records.) 

In the Virginia Gazette, Aug. 5, 1775, there is the statement that 
Mr. Benjamin Clement was the first in the colony to manufacture 
gunpowder, and that he and his neighbor, Mr. Charles Lynch, have a 
mill that turns out 50 lbs. a day. They call upon those who have the 
good of tlieir country at heart to make salt petre, "for without it we 
can have no powder, consequently no means of defense, but with it 
we shall soon have both." 

Quoting from Genealogy : 

"Benjamin's will filed in the records of Campbell County." 

Benjamin Clement's will is filed in Pittsylvania County in 1780, 
(Book II, page 115, and his signature reads Benj. Clement. His per- 
sonal estate was valued at £27,664.4.8 (Acct. Cur. Book, i, page 86), 
and sons Adam and Isaac were named executors. 

Isaac Clement commanded a company of Pittsylvania Militia in the 
Revolutionary War, {Va. Mag. Hist., Vol. 20, page 205), and was 
a member of the Pittsylvania County Committee of Safety, {William 
and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 5, p. 247). 



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296 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Adam Clement commanded a company of Bedford Militia (Aud. 
Acct. X, 74), Dec. 24, 1787. 

Warrant to Capt. Adam Clement and others of Bedford Militia as 
per pay roll in number 76. £483,832. 

In the year 1798 Capt. Isaac Clement moved to Pendleton District, 
S. C, and at same time deeded, for love and affection 692 acres in 
Pittsylvania to sons, Isaac, Stephen, and Hugh. (Book 11, page 317). 
Again in 1809 he deeded 636 acres to son Stephen. (Book 17, p. 478, 
Pittsylvania Deeds). 

Quoting from Genealogy : 

"Adam, the second son of Benjamin and great grandfather of Mark 
Twain, was a small farmer in Bedford County, where he married 
Agnes Johnson in 1765." 

In the year 1809 Adam and Agnes Clement made a deed of gift 
of 1005 acres in Pittsylvania to sons, George and Alexander (Pittsyl- 
vania Deeds, Book 17, p. 401), and in will made 181 1, he gives 320 
acres in Tennessee to son Adam (Campbell County Records). The 
tax returns of year 1810 show that Adam Clement paid taxes in Camp- 
bell County on 11 19 acres, tax $10.62. 
3 whites, 12 blacks over 16, i black over 12, 10 houses, i four wheeled 

carriage tax $11.92 

In his will he disposed of 37 slaves to his several children. (Camp- 
bell Records). 

Genealogy says again : 

"Adam and Agnes had nine children as follows : Adam Jr., Samuel, 
Alexander, William, Johnson, George, Agnes, Sally, Lucy. All are 
mentioned in the will of Adam who died in Campbell County in 181 1, 
with the exception of Samuel, the grandfather of Mark Twain. Samuel 
had met an accidental death in 1805, hence having died before his father 
his name was omitted in the will, which bears date 1808." 

Correction: The will of Adam Clement bears date October 17, 
181 1, and is probated Novmeber Court, 1813. He names in his will not 
nine, but eleven children, without the above mentioned Samuel. The 
will reads : "the residue, together with all my estate both real and 
personal not before disposed of, shall be equally divided between all 
my children, to-wit ; William Clement, Alexander Clement, Johnson 
Clement, Benjamin Clement, George Washington Clement, Adam 
Clement, Charles Clement, Juriah Lucy, Susanne Perkins, Sally Moore, 
and Agnes Clement." 

it was Adam Clement and not his father Benjamin who was one 
of the original trustees of the town of Lynchburg. 

"The town of Lynchliurg was established in 1786, when 45 acres were 
vested in John Clarke, Adam Clement, Charles Lynch," and others. 
(Howe's Hist, of Va., page 210.) 



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GENEALOGY 297 

Adam Clement was one of the gentlemen justices appointed for the 
new county of Campbell when cut oflf from Bedford in 1782, and 
served until appointed Sheriff of the County in 1791. (Campbell Co. 
Records.) 

Alexander Clement, son of Adam and Agnes Clement was a lawyer 
and served as Commonwealth Attorney for Campbell County from 
1825 until he removed to Tenn. (Campbell Records.) 

George Washington Clement, another son of Adam and Agnes 
Clement was educated at Hampden-Sidney College and later studied 
medicine in Philadelphia. The following recommendation was given 
him upon leaving Hampden-Sidney. 

"H. Sidney College, Feb. 27, 1807. 

That the bearer, Mr. G. Clement, has conducted while a student at 
this place with the strictest propriety and decorum and that he leaves 
us with an unblemished moral character is hereby certified. 

Wm. S. Reid." 

George W. Clement was a student in the Medical Department of 
the University of Pennsylvania the years of 1809 and 1810. 

Register of U. of Pa. 

December i, 1811, he married Stella Smith, daughter of Major John 
Smith of the "Pockett" (of the Rev. Guy Smith family. William and 
Mary Quarterly. Vol. 9, page 44). (Pittsylvania Marriage Register). 
The tax returns for year i860 show that Dr. George W. Clement 
paid taxes on 3793 acres of land in Pittsylvania County and on 1337 
acres in Franklin County. His personal tax included 40 slaves (over 
12 years of age), 2 carriages. 

Dr. George W. Clement's will is probated at Pittsylvania County, 
1867, in which he names sons, William Calloway Clement, Ralph Alex- 
ander Clement, James Reid Clement, Henry C. Clement, daughter 
Octavia and others. 

W'Uiam C. Clement was a student at William and Mary College 
from 1840-42. (Register of William and Mary College.) 

Ralph Alexander Clement was a graduate of University of N. C, 
taking his A. B. Degree in 1840. (Register of U. of N. C.) 

Henry C. Clement student at Germantown Academy, N. C, 1856, 
1857, 1858, and student at Emory and Henry College 1858, 1859. 

Samuel Clemens and Pamela Goggin, the grandparents of Mark 
Twain, were married October 23, 1797, in Bedford County, and made 
their home in the adjoining county of Campbell. 

The first child of this marriage, John Marshall Clemens, was the 
father of the great American author, Mark Twain. 

The following items found in the records of Surry County may 
prove suggestive of Mark Twain's parental line. 



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298 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

The will of John Clements of Surry, May 2, 1710. Children, 
Samuel, John, Anne, Elizabeth. Wife, Mary, executrix, Loving friends 
Capt. Wm. Browne, Capt. Thos. Holt, Mr. Sam'l Thompson, Co- 
overseers of will. 

Will of Samuel Clemens of Surry, Planter, 1727. Gun and sword 
to brother, William Clemens. Whole estate to loving mother. 

Will of William Clements, April, 1741. Wife, Ales, Five children, 
viz. Lucy, Elizabeth, Samuel, William and Henry. 

Mrs. N. E. Clement. 



HARRISON OF JAMES RIVER. 

(Continued) 

Correction. The generation numbers of the children of Nathaniel 
Harrison, of "Brandon", on p. 202 of the April magazine should be 
5 instead of 4 as printed. 

II. Benjamin* Harrison, of "Wakefield", Surry county, was borrv 
, and died in 1759. It appears from a petition of his son. 



Nathaniel, to the General Assembly in 1762 he incurred such large 
debts that most of his slaves and personal property were sold. He 
married, August 23, 1739, Susannah, daughter of Cole Digges of 
"Belfield", York county. His will was dated November 14, 1758 and 
proved in Surry, March 20, 1759, legatees : sons Peter Cole Harrison 
and Nathaniel Harrison, daughters Susannah, Hannah and Ludwell 
Harrison, and Wife Susannah. Wife, brother Nathaniel Harrison, and 
Nicholas Massenberg, executors. 

Issue: (Family Bible Record, Williaxi and Mary Quarterly, VII, 39). 

32. Elizabeth, born Nov. 26, 1740. Baptized by Rev. Mr. Richard 
Hewit, and died Sept. 8, 1748. 

33. Mary, born Oct. 22, 1742. Baptized by Rev. Mr. John Smith, 
and died Sept. 2, 1747. 

34. Nathaniel*. 

35. Susanna, born Dec. 23, 1745. Baptized by Rev. Mr. William 
Fife. 

36. Benjamin*, born Aug. 23, 1747. Baptized by Rev. Mr. Henry 
Eilbeck, and died June 11, 1757. 

37. Hannah, born Sept. r, 1749. Baptized by Rev. Air. Henry 
Eilbeck. 

38. Eliza Digges Harrison was born on a Saturday, about half an 
hour after eleven in the evening, increase of the moon. Bap- 
tized by Rev. Mr. Eilbeck, died Nov. 8, 1751. 



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Courtesy of 

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Clarke Co., Va. 



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GENEALOGY 299 

["Note, the above before the Stile was altered", entry in the 
Bible record.] 

39. Peter Cole*, born Feb. 11, 1753 about three o'clock in the morn- 
ing. Increase of the moon. Baptized by Rev. Mr. Richard 
Hopkins. He married, (license dated Sussex Co., Feb. 18, 
1775) Margaret, daughter of John Hay, deceased. Accompany- 
ing the marriage bond is a statement from Nathaniel Harrison 
that Peter Cole Harrison was aged 21 years, and another, dated 
Feb. 18, 1775, "Margaret, daughter of John Hay and Judith his 
wife was born the 5th day of November A. D. 1751. William 
Willie, rector", of Albemarle parish, Sussex. The register 
gives the birth of a daughter, Susan, born Dec. 16, 1775. Peter 
Cole Harrison may have had other children ; but nothing is 
known of them by this compiler. If there are descendants of 
P. C. Harrison information will be welcome ; but it should be 
borne in mind by any investigator that no son of P. C. Harrison 
could have been of age before 1797 at the earliest. This pre- 
cludes most of the untraced Harrisons from being his de- 
scendants. 

40. Ludwell, born on a Tuesday about a half an hour after eleven 
in the evening. Decrease of the moon. Baptised by Rev. Mr, 
Alexander Finney. She married January 16, 1773, William 
Gooseley, of Yorktown. 

19. Benjamin^ Harrison, of "Berkeley", is stated to have been 
born in 1726, and died April 24, 1791. The author of his life in Saunder- 
son's Lives of the Signers, evidently had very good sources of infor- 
mation in regard to Benjamin Harrison, "the Signer", and his account 
will be quoted at length later on in this account. Here a detailed 
account of his public offices will be given. He was a member of the 
House of Burgesses for Charles City county from the session be- 
ginning April 10, 1749 to the last which began Jan. i, 1775, forty 
sessions in all. He represented his county in the Revolutionary Con- 
ventions of May, July and December, 1775, and was elected to that 
of May, 1776; but was represented by an alternate, he being in 
Congress, of which he was a member 1774-1778. On the organi- 
zation of the state government he became a member of the House 
of Delegates for Charles City at the first session in October 1776, 
and continued to be a member of this body at the sessions of June 
1777, Oct. 1777, Jan. 1778, May 1778, Oct. 1778, Oct. 1779, May 1780, 
Oct. 1780, March 1781 and May 1781. From 1778 to 1781 he was 
Speaker of the House. He was then elected Governor of Virginia 
and held that office Nov. 30, 1781-Nov. 30, 1784. At the first election 
after the expiration of his term as Governor he again offered as a 
candidate for the House from Charles City and was defeated (under 



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300 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

the circumstances referred to by Saunderson) by John Tyler, Sr., who 
had for several sessions been a member for that county and Speaker 
of the House. The election in Surry was a little later and immediately 
after his defeat in Charles City, Col. Harrison moved over the river 
to the former county (where he owned land) again became a can- 
didate for the House and was elected. When the Legislature met 
he was a candidate for the office of Speaker and defeated his rival, 
John Tyler, Sr., by a vote of 45 to 39. Of course the legality of his 
election to the House was contested, and on Nov. 2, 1785 "Mr. Braxton 
reported from the Committee of Privileges and Elections, that the com- 
mittee had, according to order, inquired into the eligibility of Benjamin 
Harrison, Esq., one of the members returned to serve in this House 
for the county of Surry, and had agreed upon a report, and came 
to a resolution thereupon, which he read in his place, and afterwards 
delivered it at the clerk's table, where the same were again read, 
and are as f olloweth : 

It appears to your committee, from the information of the said 
Benjamin Harrison, that previous to the invasion of Arnold in this 
State, he was a resident of the county of Charles City, from whence 
he was compelled to remove himself and family to some place of 
safety; that the invasion of this State by Cornwallis soon after took 
place, by which means his house and furniture were so damaged, 
that he did not return thither until January last; that he was elected 
Chief Magistrate [Governor] in November 1781, and resigned that 
office on the 29th of November, 1784; that he was a candidate for, 
and elected a representative of the said county of Charles City on 
the 30th of the same month; that he resided in the county of Charles 
City from January last to the 7th of April, the day after the election 
in the county of Charles City; for which he was a candidate; that on 
the 7th or 8th of April he carried his bed and some furniture to 
the county of Surry, wherein he engaged his rooms and board for 
twelve months; that he carried -thither a servant and horses, leaving 
the rest of his family in Charles City, and entered the said servant 
and horses, with himself, among the taxables of the said county of 
Surry before the loth of April; that they were not entered in the said 
county of Charles City, but would have been, had it been required of 
him before his removal to Surry, though no person to his knowledge 
was appointed in Charles City to take the list of taxables before his 
removal; that on the 6th of April, the day of the election in Charles 
City, at which he was a candidate, and after the poll was closed, he 
declared his resolution of removing immediately to the county of 
Surry, and thereupon wrote his resignation as a vestryman in the county 
of Charles City, which was accepted, and Mr. Turner Southall chosen 
in his stead; that he refused to accept the commission of county lieu- 



GENEALOGY 3OI 

tenant of Charles City, previous to the election in Surry, and at the 
time of such refusal, informed the Governor that he did not consider 
himself a resident of Charles City, nor would accept of any office, 
either civil or military therein ; that the election in Surry was on the 
4th Tuesday in April, being court day; that he is, and for many years 
has been a freeholder in the county of Surry ; that he contributes to 
the support of a minister therein ; that he has frequently, since his 
election in the said county of Surry, attended several public meetings 
to know the sentiments of his constituents ; and that he was unanimously 
elected by the vestry of Surry, on the 15 of October last, to represent 
them in the convention of the clergy and laymen. 

Resolved that it is the opinion of this Committee, That the residence 
of the said Benjamin Harrison, in the county of Surry on the day of 
election, is not such as is required by the spirit and meaning of the 
Constitution, and therefore he was ineligible." 

The report and resolution were ordered to be referred to a committee 
of the whole immediately. There was evidently a long and warm 
debate, and the House determined to take up the subject again in 
committee of the whole on the next day. On November 3rd the com- 
mittee of the whole again sat and when it adjourned, and Mr. Speaker 
(Harrison himself) resumed the chair, Mr. Matthews, chairman of 
the committee, submitted exactly the same report brought in by the 
committee on Privileges and Elections, but brought in as the resolution 
of the committee of the whole. 

"Resolved, that it is the opinion of this committee. That the election 
of Benjamin Harrison, Esq., returned a member for the county of 
Surry, is legal." 

A recorded vote was called and those voting in the affirmative were : 
Thomas Parramore, Joshua Fry, Samuel Sherwin, Zachariah Johnston. 
Robert Clarke, Archibald Stuart, Thomas Claiborne, William Ander- 
son, Hickerson Barksdale, John Daniel, Edmund Read, David Patteson, 
Bernard Markham, Edward Carrington, Carter Henry Harrison, French 
Strother, Henry Fry, William Watkins, Charles Sims, David Steward 
[Stewart], George Thompson, Elias Wills, Thomas Mann Randolph, 
Isaac Coles, Isaac Vanmiter [Vanmeter], Garland Anderson, John Mayo, 
Jr., John Rentfro, Thomas Moore, William Thornton, James Ball, Jr., 
Richard Bland Lee, William White, Thomas Johnson, Christopher 
Robertson, Samuel Garland, Benjamin Logan, Lewis Burwell, Thomas 
Pettus, John Gordon, David Bradford, James Madison, Charles Porter, 
William Harrison, Benjamin Lankford, William Ronald, William Mayo, 
Cuthbert Bullitt, George Lee Turberville, John Hopkins, Gawin Ham- 
ilton, Carter Bassett Harrison, Wilson Cary, Richard Lee, Henry Lee, 
Jr., Nathaniel Nelson and James Innes — 57. 

Those in the negative : John Cropper, Wilson Nicholas, Joseph 



^q{tifTt*Tfo-> it r>t h«»Ti'»l«»"i 






ioHsiH notft v' 



302 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Eggleston, Samuel Jordan Cabell, Nicholas Bowyer, John Trigg, Thomas 
Edmunds of Brunswick, John Clarke, Charles Moil Talbot, Samuel 
Hawes, Anthony New, Henry Southall, Joseph Jones, Worlick West- 
wood, William Gatewood, Meriwether Smith, Thomas Helm, Thomas 
Smith, Thomas Underwood, John Lucas, Edmund Wilkins, Parke Good- 
all, Nathaniel Wilkinson, John Dellaid, William Norvell, William Walker, 
William Dudley, Carter Braxton, Benjamin Temple, William Curtis, 
William Pettijohn, David Scott, William Armistead, Willis Wilson, 
Griffin Stith, John Taylor, Thomas Ridley, John Whitaker Willis, John 
Clarke, Richard Bibb, Edward Bland, Edmund Ruffin, Jr., Williamson 
Ball, Andrew Moore, William Garrard, Thomas Edmunds of Sussex, 
John Howell Briggs and Joseph Prentis — 49. 

Benjamin Harrison soon returned to Charles City and was a delegate 
for that county at the sessions of Oct. 1787, June 1788, Oct. 1788, Oct. 
1789 and Oct. 1790. He was elected a member of the next House 
but died before the session began. He was also a member of the 
Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1788. 

Hugh Blair Grisby whose sources of information for his Virginia 
Convention of 1788 were not only published histories and biographies 
but the personal information of survivors from the period of which 
he wrote, has this to say of Benjamin Harrison. Patrick Henry (the 
leader of the opposition to the adoption of the Federal Constitution) and 
the existing Virginia Constitution had been attacked by Federalist mem- 
bers, especially by John Marshall, for an act passed in 1777 attainting 
and outlawing Joseph Phillips, a negro who was leader of a band of 
thieves and murderers. 

"As soon as Marshall had resumed his seat, and while the members 
were exchanging opinions respecting the relative merits of the two 
young men who had just appeared for the first time on the floor, 
there arose a large and venerable old man, elegantly arrayed in a suit 
of blue and bufT, a long queue tied with a black ribbon dangling from 
his full locks of snow, and his long, black boots encroaching on his 
knees, who proceeded, evidently under high excitement, to address 
the House. 

He had been so long a member of the public councils that even 
Wythe and Pendleton could not easily recall the time when he had not 
been a member of the House of Burgesses. His ancestors had landed in 
the Colony before the first House of Burgesses had assembled in the 
church on the banks of the James, and had invoked in the presence 
of Governor Yeardley the blessing of heaven on the great enterprise 
of founding an Anglo-Saxon colony on the continent of America. One 
of his ancestors had been governor of Somer's Islands, when those 
islands were a part of Virginia, [an error] Others had been members 
and presidents of the Council of Virginia from the beginning of the 



r**vti If. 



BENJftMTNfHARRISON 





From the portrait in Independence Hal 
Philadelphia. 



GENEALOGY 303 

seventeenth century to that memorable day in August, 1774, when the 
first Virginia Convention met in Williamsburg, and appointed the 
first delegation to the American Congress. Of that delegation, whose 
names are familiar to our school boys, and will be more familiar to 
the youth of future generations, this venerable man had been a member, 
had hastened to Philadelphia, and had declared to John Adams that, 
if there had been no other means of reaching the city, he would have 
taken up his bed and walked. But this was not his first engagement 
in the public service. Educated at William and Mary, when that in- 
stitution was under the guardianship of Commissary Blair, he entered 
at an early age the House of Burgesses, and in the session of 1764 
was a member of the committee which drafted the memorials to the 
king, the lords, and the commons of Great Britain against the passage 
of the Stamp Act. During the following session of the House of 
Burgesses, in 1765, he opposed the resolutions of Henry, not from any 
want of a cordial appreciation of the doctrines asserted by them, but 
on the ground that the House had not received an answer to the me- 
morials which he had assisted in drawing the year before, which were 
daily expected to arrive. In th patriotic associations of those times 
his name was always among the first on the roll. He was a member 
of all the Conventions until the inauguration of the Commonwealth, 
and in the first House of Delegates gave a hearty co-operation in 
accommodating the ancient polity of the Colony to the requisitions of 
a republican system. But his most arduous services were rendered 
in Congress, and as a representative of Virginia in that body he signed 
the Declaration of American Independence. While in Congress he had 
presided on the most important committee^, especially on those re- 
lating to military affairs, and on the Committee of the Whole during 
the animated discussions on the formation of the Articles of Con- 
federation, and had been repeatedly deputed by Congress on various 
missions at critical periods to the army and to the States. On his 
return home he had been regularly a member of the House of Dele- 
gates, of which he was almost invariably the Speaker while he had 
a seat in the Assembly. He was in the chair of the House when, in 
1777, the bill attainting Phillips had been passed, and he knew that 
the bill had been drawn by Jefferson, his old colleague in the House 
of Burgesses, in the Conventions, and in Congress, in whose judgment 
and patriotism he had unlimited confidence. He remembered what a 
dark cloud was resting on his country when the miscreant Phillips 
with his band was plundering and murdering the wives and daughters 
of the patriotic citizens of Norfolk and Princess Anne, who were 
engaged elsewhere in defending the Commonwealth, attacking them in 
the dead of night, burning their habitations, perpetrating vilest out- 
rages, and then retreating at daybreak into the recesses of the swamp; 



304 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

and tliat all the Assembly had done under such provocation was to 
provide that, if the wretch did not appear within a certain time and 
be tried by the laws of the Commonwealth for the crimes with which 
he was charged, he should be deemed an outlaw ; and he felt indignant 
that such a patriotic measure, designed to protect the lives and prop- 
erty of the people, should be wrested from its true meaning by the 
quibbles of attorneys, and receive such severe condemnation. Before 
he took his seat he declared his opposition to the Constitution, little 
dreaming that the half-grown boy whom he had left at Berkeley blazing 
away at cat-birds in the cherry trees, or angling from a canoe for 
perch in the river that flowed by his farm, would one day wield the 
powers of that executive which he now pronounced so kingly. 

When Benjamin Harrison had pronounced the accusation of the 
General Assembly in respect to Josiah Phillips, unjust, he declared 
that it had been uniformly lenient and moderate in its measures, and 
that, as the debates would probably be published, he thought it very 
unwarrantable in gentlemen to utter expressions here which might in- 
duce the world at large to believe that the Assembly of Virginia had 
perpetrated murder. He reviewed in a succinct manner the proposed 
plan of government, declared that it would infringe the rights and 
liberties of the people ; that he was amazed that facts should be so 
distorted with a view of effecting the adoption of the Constitution, 
and that he trusted they would not ratify it as it then stood. This 
aged patriot did not engage in debate during the subsequent proceed- 
ings of the Convention. He felt that his time of departure was near, 
and in less than three years after the adjournment of the Convention, 
at Berkeley his patrimonial seat on the James, he was gathered to his 
fathers." 

(To be continued) 



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Virginia Magazine 



OF 



HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY 



Vol. XXXII. October, 1924 No. 4 



WITH BRADDOCK'S ARMY 



Mrs. Browne's Diary in Virgini.a and Maryland 



Contributed and Edited by Fairfax Harrison 



[The Library of Congress has recently acquired a photographic re- 
production of a MS. belonging to S. A. Courtauld, Esq., of the Howe, 
Halstead, co. Essex, entitled Journal of a Voyage from London to Vir- 
ginia, 1754. This diary extends from November 17, 1754, to January 
19, i'757, and rehearses the experiences of an English lady who ac- 
companied her brother, a commissary officer attached to Braddock's 
expeditionary force, from London to Fort Cumberland. A few days 
after the disaster on the Monongahela, her brother died of the bloody 
flux, then epidemic in the army. Barely escaping the same fate her- 
self, the diarist then followed in the wake of the retreating Dunbar 
and made a painful way from Will's Creek to Fredericktown and 
Philadelphia, and ultimately to Lord Loudoun's garrison at Albany. 
There the narrative ends abruptly. 

The only clews to the author on the face of the MS. are casual 
references to herself, once as "Madam Browne," and several times as 
a widow, with children left at home in England. Mr. Courtauld sup- 
plements them, however, with testimony that "she was a genuine per- 
son, really existed. There are records at the Admiralty giving names 
of herself and of others mentioned by her." This confidence is fully 
borne out by the colonial local colour. 

The documentary value of the MS. is only incidental: it lies in its 
fleeting glimpses of contemporary life in the colonies both on the 
frontier and in the towns. But on the human side, Mrs. Browne 
maintained such a resolute cheerfulness through a succession of poignant 
emotions and physical hardships as, it would seem, entitles her diary 
to a place beside the memoirs of those other charming women travellers 



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306 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

in eighteenth century America, Mrs. Grant of Laggan, Miss Schaw 
and Mme. de Riedesel. 

What here follows arc the notes relating to Virginia and Maryland.] 

March the io. 

At 4 in the Afternoon made Cape Henry, a fair Windy 
[day]. At 7 cast Anchor in Hanipton Road. All in great 
Spirits. 4 Officers came on Board. Drank out 15 bottles of 
Port, all in the Cabbin drunk (but Mr. Cherrington") to be 
free of Hampton. 

March the ii. 

The Captain went on board the Commodore," and received 
his Orders to sail up the River Potomack in 28 Hours. My 
Brother and self went on shore to Hampton in the Pilots 
Boat. Gave 7s. 6d. for rowing 2 Miles. Went to the Kings 
Anns and breakfasted. Walk'd till Dinner. A very agree- 
able Place, and all the Houses extreemly neat. Had for Din- 
ner a Ham & Turkey, a Breast of Veal & Oysters, to drink 
Madeira Wine, Punch and Cyder. Stay'd till 4 in the After- 
noon and then went on Board 

March the 22. 

Went on Shore to Bellhaven with Mr. Bass. Extremely 
hot, but as Agreeable a Place as could be expected, it being 
inhabited but 4 years. Went with Mr. Lake to every House 
in the Place to get a Lodging, and at last was Obliged to take 
a Room but little larger than to hold my Bed, and not so 
much as a Chair in it. Went on Board at Night. 

March the 23. 

Sunday. Was hurried on Shore with all my Baggage to 
my Lodging. My Brother took one the next Door. I now 

* Messrs. Cherrington, Bass, Lake, Napper, Falkner, Anderson, and 
others who appear from time to time in the diary, were all subalterns 
of the British regiments in Braddock's command. Several of them are 
mentioned in the General's orderly book (Lowdennilk, Cumberland, 
Appendix) . 

-'Capt. Augustus Keppel, R. N. (1725-1786), who then flew a broad 
pennant from the Nonvich. in command of the North American station. 



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WITH BRADDOCK's ARMY 307 

think myself very happy that I am at Liberty once more, 
having been a Prisoner in that wooden World call'd the 
London 4 Months and 4 Days. I have sail'd since I left 
England 3 Thousand Leagues. 

March the 26. 

My l>rother went to his Lodgings at a dutchmans. 5 of 
the Doctors being at a Loss where to go. came to board with 
us, staid 3 Weeks and then were order'd to Will's Creek. 

Aprh. the 22. 

All the Troops march'd to Will's Creek. Left behind i 
Officer and 40 Men, my Brother and self in care of the Sick, 
having 50 ill. 

April the 29. 

Words cannot express my Joy ; received a Letter from 
England being the first since I left them, my dear Children, 
and all were well. It was dated the 4 of February. My Mind 
much more at ease. 

May the 3. 

Major Carlile's Lady^ came to see me, but I was at a loss 
to seat her not having a Chair in the House. She sent 
home for 3. 

May the 4. 

This Day was oblig'd to quit our grand Parlour, the Man 
of the Ilouse being at a loss for a Room for the Soldiers 
to drink Cyder and dance jiggs in. 

May the 5. 

Removed into our first Floor. It consisted of a Bed cham- 
ber and Dining Room, not over large. The Furniture was 
3 Chairs, a Table, a Case to hold Liquor and a Tea Chest. 

^ Sarah (1729-1761), dau. of William Fairfax of Belvoir, and wife 
of John Carlyle, merchant of Alexandria, then serving as commissary 
of the Virginia forces. His house (a landmark still standing), was 
Braddock's headquarters while in Alexandria. 



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May the 6. 

This Unhappy Day 2 Years depriv'd me of my dear Hus- 
liand, and ever since to this Day my Life has been one 
continual Scene of Anxiety and Care. 

May the 21. 

Extremely hot. Discharged my servant Betty, having found 
of mine in her box, a pair of ruffles, a pair of stockings and 
an Apron. 

May the 21 [sic.]. 

Mr. Wood gave my Brother and self an Invitation to go to 
see his Daughter. It was 4 Miles up the River.* Set of at 
4 and came to her House at 6 but to great Disappointment 
she was out ; but her Mother receiv'd us with a friendly 
wellcome. We stay'd till 8 and then w^ith great difficulty got 
into our Boat, it being a Shore ; and when we had got half 
way home our Cockswain run us a ground, and we were 
some Hours before we could get clear. At 1 1 we got home, 
but I was much fatigued with my journey. 

May the 24. 

5 Waggons came in, we wait for 4 more. Mr. Napper sent 
us 2 Markeys. Very busy in getting ready to march. 

May the 25. 

Most of this Day spent in making a Tilt for my AX'aggon 
which is to be my Bed Chamber on my March to Wills's 
Creek. 

May the 26. 

My new Servant came. Sent a Letter to England by the 
Man of War, Capt. Deggs, bound for Hampton. 

*"Mr. Wood" was undoubtedly James Wood, the clerk of Frederick 
and founder of Winchester, who in 1754 and 1755 served as assistant 
commissary of the Virginia forces under John Carlyle, and was much 
in Alexandria on that duty {Dinividdic Papers, i. 271; Letters to 
Washington, 8, 18). Although the account of his family by Cartmel 
clears up many of the confusions in Hayden, neither gives the clew 
to the married daughter who was living in 1755 on Four Mile Run, 
among the Alexanders, Chapmans and Pearsons. 



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WITH BRADDOCK's ARMY 309 

May the 27. 

Went with Capt. Johnson's Lady"* to Mr. Roshar's in Mary- 
land." We were receiv'd with great PoHteness. The neatest 
House I have seen since I left England, and furnish'd in 
Taste. We stay'd till Night. 

May the 28. 

iCapt. West's Lady' came to see me, and found me very 
busy packing up. Spent the Evening at Capt. Johnson's, 
much intreated to stay all Night, but did not. 

May the 29. 

Received a Card from IMrs. Salkeldat,* with her Comp'ts 
and desired my Company to her Husband Funeral at 2. 
He had been dead a Month. It is the Custom of this Place 
to bury their Relations in their Gardens. 

JMay the 30. 

Extreem hot. Very busy making Bread and Ginger Bread 
and boiling Hams for our March. Had Company to dine 
with us in our Anti Chamber which is as hot as a Bagnio. 
We are to march on Sunday for Will's Creek if Mr. Falkner 
our commanding Offtcer does not get lit in his upper Rooms 
and forget it. 

^ Sarah, daughter of Dennis McCarty of Fairfax, and wife of 
George Johnston, the Alexandria lawyer who, ten years later, drew 
and seconded the fiery resolutions against the Stamp Act which Pat- 
rick Henry introduced (Hayden, p. 87). 

* Dr. J. Hall Pleasants of Baltimore identifies "Mr. Roshar" as 
Henry Rozer (or Rosier) of "Notley Hall," Prince Georges County, 
Maryland. This house stood on the Potomac about eight miles from 
the mouth of Piscataway Creek, and so nearly opposite Alexandria. 
Another Rozer manor in the vicinity was "Duddington," lying above 
the Eastern Branch and so included in the future site of Washington 
City; which under Notley Rozer's will was inherited by his daughter 
Ann, sister of Henry, and through her marriage passed into the 
Carroll family. 

' Margaret, daughter of Simon Pearson and widow of William 
Henry Terrett of Alexandria, who had recently made a second marriage 
with her cousin, John West, then a burgess for Fairfax. 

* "Henry Saleald" is recorded as the purchaser in 1749 of lots in 
Alexandria on the organization of the town. 



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310 virginia historical magazine 

May the 31. 

Spent this Day in packing up and loading my Waggon 
and fixing my Tilt. Sup'd at Capt. Johnsons and lay'd at 
Mr. Moxly's,* but had no sleep not having lay'd on a Bed 
since I left England. 

June the i. 

At 4 in the Morning I was call'd upon by Mrs. Johnson 
who came to take her leave of me, and at 8 we March'd for 
\Vills's Creek with one Officer, my Brother, self and Servant, 
2 Nurses, 2 Cooks and 40 Men to guard us, 12 Waggons with 
the sick. Lame, and Blind, my Waggon in the Rear. My 
Equipage, 3 Horses and a Mare, good in Spirit but poor in 
Flesh; which I mention'd to Mr. Gore (my Coachman^"), 
who told me that if they were right fat they would faint 
by the Way. My Brother came padding on his H'orse in 
the Rear, but as my Friend Gore observ'd there was no fear 
of his fainting by the Way being very poor in Flesh. We 
had march'd 3 Miles when my Coachman was for taking a 
better Road, but the Sentrys forbid it ;" but he said it was 
very hard if the other \^^aggons drove to the Old Boy he 

" Although George Johnston had a house in Alexandria, the context 
seems to indicate an excursion to his country seat, "Belvale," near 
Parson Charles Green's glebe, on the "back road" below Alexandria. 
"Mr. K?toxly's" was certainly an ordinary. As Richard Moxley was 
paid a claim in 1756 for supplies furnished by ordinary keepers to 
soldiers (Hening, vii, 22), it seems likely that he was then keeping 
the ordinary at Cameron which Dalrymple had laid down on the Fry 
and Jefferson map. This house would be on the way between Alex- 
andria and George Johnston's "Belvale." 

'" As appears later, Gore was a Quaker, of which faith were many 
of the earliest settlers on the upper Potomac, on either side of the 
Blue Ridge. Mrs. Browne uniformly identifies those of them at whose 
houses she stopped, by the appellation "my Friend," e. g., Thompson, 
Laidler, Bellinger, Rogers. 

^^ The roads from Alexandria to the Valley: In 1755 there were two 
available roads leading from Alexandria across the Blue Ridge, both 
of which were laid down by Capt. Dalrymple on the edition of the 
Fry and Jefferson map published at the beginning of that year. Fork- 
ing at the head of Hunting Creek at the place called Cameron, they 
were, viz: (a) the pioneer avenue of immigration up the Potomac, 
known as the eastern ridge road leading, via Falls Church and Water- 
ford, to Key's (later Vestal's) gap. This was the route by which 
Sir Peter Halket had marched his regiment a few weeks ahead of 
Mrs. Browne. The orders for Halket, set out in Braddock's orderly 



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WITH BRADDOCK's ARMY 31 I 

must follow them. We halted at 3 and din'd on a Piece of 
salt Pork and Water to Drink. At 6 we came to the old 
Court House 17 Miles from Bellhaven.'' Laid in a Room 
with but 3 Beds in it. 

June the 2. 

At Break of Day the Drum beat. I was extreemly sleepy 
but got up, and as soon as our Officer had eat 6 Eggs and 
drank a dram or two and some Punch we march'd ; but, my 
Waggon being in the Rear the Day before, my Coachman in- 
sisted that it was not right that ISIadam Browne should be 
behind, and if they did not give way they should feel the 
soft end of his Whip. He gain'd his Point and got in Front. 
The Roads are so Bad that I am almost disjointed. At 12 
we halted at Mr. Colemans," pitch'd our Markeys and dined 
on Salt Ganmion, nothing better to be had. 

June the 3. 

At 3 in the Morning was awak'd by the Drum, but was so 



book (Lowdermilk, Cumberland, Appendix, p. xxiii) give the stations 
mentioned by Mrs. Browne, as "the old Court House, Mr. Coleman's 
on Sugarland Run, Mr. Miner's, Mr. Thompson's the Quaker, Mr. 
Key's, the Ferry of Shan"." (b) the road up the Back Lick of 
Hunting Creek and across the branches of Accotink and Pohick, via 
Rocky Run church (now Centreville) and William West's ordinary 
at the head of Bull Run, to Williams' (later Snicker's) gap. This 
was the "better road" which Mrs. Browne's driver wanted to take. 
It had been opened up as a through route only in 1754. but it was 
expected that Braddock would himself follow it to Winchester. Sir 
John Sinclair, the quartermaster, vetoed that proposal, however, to 
the surprise of all Virginia. Washington conjectured that "those who 
promoted [the route through Maryland, over which Braddock lead 
Dunbar's regiment] had rather that the communication should be opened 
that way than through Virginia." Although superseded as a through 
route by the Little River turnpike at the end of the century, this 
road has remained a local highway. On the principle of luciis a non 
hiccndo it has been known in the Fairfax County tradition, even since 
1755, as the "Braddock Road." 

"^The first Fairfax Court House, at what is now known as Freedom 
Hill in the branches of Difficult. It had been established in 1742 on 
William Fairfax's "Springfield tract," and was abandoned in 1752 
when a new court house was built in Alexandria. 

" Richard Coleman's ordinary on Sugarland Run, where Washington 
usually spent the night on his journeys between Mount Vernon and 
the Valley, as appears from his diary. Coleman was included in the 
first commission of Loudoun, 1758. 



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312 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Stiff that I was at a loss to tell whether I had any Limbs. 
I breakfasted in my Waggon and then set of in front; at 
which all the rest were very much inrag'd, but to no Pur- 
pose for my Coachman told them that he had but one Officer 
to Obey and she was in his Waggon, and it was not right 
that she should be blinded with Dust. My Brother the Day 
before left his Cloak behind, so sent his Man back for it 
on his Horse, and march'd on Foot. On the Road met with 
Mr. Adams a Parson," who left his Horse & padded with 
them on foot. We halted at Mr. Minors.'" We order'd some 
Fowls for Dinner but not one to be had, so was obliged to 
set down to our old Dish Gammon & Greens. The Officer 
and the Parson replenish'd their Bowl so often that they 
began to be very joyous, untill their Servant told them that 
their Horses were lost ; at which the Parson was much in- 
rag'd and pop'd out an Oath, but Mr. Falkner said "Never 
mind your Horse, Doctor, but have you a Sermon ready for 
next Sunday?" I being the Doctors country woman he made 
me many Compts. and told me he should be very happy if he 
could be better acquainted with me, but hop'd when I came 
that way again I would do him the Honour to spend some 
Time at his House. I chatted till 1 1 and then took my leave 
and left them a full Bowl before them. 

June the 4. 

At break of Day my Coachman came and tap'd at my 
Chamber Door and said Madam all is ready and it is right 
early. I went to my Waggon and we moved on. Left I\Ir. 
Falkner behind in Pursuit of his Horse. March'd 14 Miles 
and halted at an old sage Quaker's with silver Locks." His 

" As no parson named Adams is listed for Virginia by Fothergill, 
it seems probable that this was a misnomer for John Andrews, who, 
ill 1755. was the parson of Cameron parish, including all of what was 
then the upper end of Fairfax County. 

'^ Nicholas Minor's ordinary on his plantation, which became the 
site of Leesburg (Hening, vii, 235). 

^" "Edward Thompson, the Quaker" appears in Washington's ex- 
pense account of his march over this road in 1754. Thompson re- 
sided on the site of the future town of Hillsborough, and has left many 
respectable descendants in that part of Loudoun. 



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Wife on my coming in accosted me in the following manner: 
"Welcome Friend set down, thou seem's full Bulky to travel, 
but thou art young and that will enable thee. We were once 
so ourselves but we have been married 44 Years & may say 
we have lived to see the Days that we have no Pleasure there- 
in." We had recourse to our old Dish Gammon, nothing else 
to be had ; but they said they had some Liquor they call'd 
Whisky which was made of Peaches. My Friend Thompson 
being a Preacher, when the soldiers came in as the Spirit 
mov'd him, held forth to them and told them the great Virtue 
of Temperance. They all stared at him like Pigs but had 
not a Word to say in their justification. 

June the 5. 

My Lodgings not being very clean, I had so many close 
Companions call'd Ticks that deprived me of my Nights Rest, 
but I indulg'd till 7. We halted this Day, all the Nurses 
Baking Bread and Boiling Beef for the March to Morrow. 
A fine Regale 2 Chicken with iMilk and Water to Drink, 
which my friend Thompson said was fine temperate Liquor. 
Several things lost out of my Waggon, amongst the rest they 
took 2 of my Hams, which my Coachman said was an abom- 
ination to him, and if he could find out who took them he 
would make them remember taking the next. 

June the 6. 

Took my leave of my Friend Thompson, who bid me 
farewell. A great Gust of Thunder and Lightning and Rain, 
so that we were almost drown'd. Extreem bad Roads. We 
pass'd over the Blue Ridge which was one continual mountain 
for 3 Miles. Forg'd through 2 Rivers.'' At 7 we halted at 
Mr. Keys, a fine Plantation.'^ Had for Dinner 2 Chickens. 

"The "two rivers" were Catoctin Creek, on the east, and Shenan- 
doah, on the west, of Key's gap, where they crossed the Bl^e Ridge. 

'"Gersham Key Hved on the west bank of the Shenandoah, above the 
Blue Ridge gap which was then (as it is now) generally called for 
him. He is named in the act of 1748 (Hening, vi, 18) establishing the 
lower Shenandoah ferry; but at the time of Mrs. Browne's journey that 
ferry was kept (as appears from Washington's expense accounts) 
by John Vestal, who lived on the east bank of the river, a tenant of 



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314 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

The Soldiers desired my Brother to advance them some Whisky 
for they told him he had better kill them at once than to let 
them dye by Inches, for without they could not live. He 
complied with their Request and it soon began to operate ; 
they all went to dancing and bid defiance to the French. My 
Friend Gore began to shake a Leg, I ask'd him if it was 
consistent as a Member of his Society to dance ; he told me 
that he was not at all united with them, and that there were 
some of his P'eople who call'd themselves Quakers and stood 
up for their Church but had no more Religion in them than 
his Mare. I then told him I should set him down as a Ranter, 

June the 7. 

Having no Room to lodge in I lay'd in the Chimney, so 
wanted no calling in the Morning having no sleep all Night. 
At 4 we began to march. Left Mr. Falkner behind, who 
did not choose to March with an empty Stomach. Great 
Gusts of Rain, My Waggon and every thing in it wet, and 
all the Sick allmost drown'd. At 4 we halted at my Friend 
Laidlers who bid me wellcome, but had no Whisky which 
was the Soldier's first Enquiry ; for they were still in the 
Opinion that they could not live without it. We now live 
high, had for Dinner a Qr. of Lamb and a Pye, to drink 
my Friend Thomson's temperate Liquor Spring Water. I 
spent the Evening very agreeable; Mr. Falkner favour'd me 
with several Tunes on his Flute. Chatted till 10 and then 
retired. 

June the 8. 

I slept but poorly, laying on a deal Feather Bed. Having 
had no sleep for 2 Nights did not hear the Drum. We march'd 
at 4. At 9 we halted at my Friend Bellingers who bid me 
wellcome. My Brother set of for Winchester, 8 m. ofif, but 
Mr. Falkner said he would do himself the Pleasure of stay- 



William Fairfax. As Dalrymple uniformly called the Blue Ridge 
gaps by the names of the keepers of the Shenandoah ferries below 
them, he designated the one here in question "Vestals" and that name 
is found applied to Key's gap on all the maps of the Fry and Jefferson 
tradition, though now obsolete. 



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WITH BRADDOCK's ARMY 315 

ing with me. We spent the Day very agreeably ; had for 
Dinner some Veal and Greens, to drink french Wine, and 
for Supper Milk Punch. 

June the 9. 

Lay'd on some Planks. Halted all this Day, the Nurses 
busy baking Bread and boiling Beef and Washing. Mr. 
Falkner went a shooting, return'd and brought me some Squir- 
rills. Dress'd them for Dinner. My Brother return'd from 
Winchester, there came with him Mr. Savage an Ofificer'* 
and thirteen Recruits, and a Waggon with a Nurse and four 
sick Men, one at the Point of Death. 

June the 10. 

Up before the Sun and march'd till 12. Extreem hot 
and very bad Road, I was obliged to walk. We halted at 
7 at my Friend Rogers who had nothing for us to eat. Mr. 
Falkner and Mr. Savage went a Shooting and brought me 
some Pidgeons ; had them for Supper which made us a fine 
Regale, to drink Milk and Water. At 10 I went to bed in my 
Waggon, but lay'd extreemly cold. Mr. Falkner order 'd a 
Centinel to be at my Waggon all Night so that no one should 
molest me. 

June the ii. 

The Drum beat and awaked me but I was at a loss for 
some time to tell where I was. My Coachman put the Horses 
to the Waggon and march'd on and desir'd me not to disturb 
myself. The Roads were so bad that the poor Horses were 
not able to keep on their Legs, which I observ'd to my Coach- 
man who said they were right tough and good, and that every 
one was not to be taken by their Looks, and as to Black & 
Brown they were as good as ever stretch'd a Chain. We 
left one of the Nurses and a sick man behind, he not being 
able to march any further. 2 of the Waggons broke down, 

" John Savage of Prince William was one of the officers of the 
Virginia regiment to receive the thanks of the House of Burgesses 
for gallantry at Fort Necessity, under the resolution of August 30, 
1754 (Journals H. B., 1752-58, p. 198). 



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3i6 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

halted till they were mended. I walked till my [feet] were 
blister'd. We came to a Place call'd Spring Mountain and 
there we encamped. We drank Tea and supt on the Stump 
of an old tree. We had nothing to eat but salt Pork, to 
drink humble Grog. We chatted till ii and were very merry 
and then retired to our respective Waggons. 

June the 12. 

At 2 in the Morning the Drum beat, but I could have wish'd 
it to have stay'd a few Hours longer, being very sleepy. We 
marched but there is no describing the badness of the Roads. 
I walked as far as I was Able. The poor Horses no longer 
regard the Smack of the Whip or beat of the Drum, and 
as to Black she could go no further. 2 of the Waggons broke 
down. At 10 we came to the River" and waited 6 Hours 
before we could ferry over. At 8 at Night we halted at a 
Rattlesnake Colonels nam'd Crisop.'' Had for supper some 
Lamb, to drink some very bad Wine, which was but 5s. a 
Quart ! I could get no bed so went to my Waggon. 

June the 13. 

At 3 we march'd but I was so ill I could not hold up my 
Head. 3 of the Waggons broke down at 4 in the After 
Noon. Mr. Bass came to meet us and gave me some Letters 
from England. At 6 we came to Fort Cumberland, the most 
desolate Place I ever saw. Went to Mr. Cherrington who 
receiv'd me kindly, drank Tea and then went to the Governor 
to apply for Quarters. I was put into a Hole that I could 
see day light through every Log, and a port Hole for a 
Window; which was as good a Room as any in the Fort. 

'■■'" The Potomac, below the mouth of the South Branch, as appears 
from the Fry and Jefferson map. Thence they marched to Will's 
Creek on the Maryland shore. 

-' This racy description of the Maryland frontiersman, Thomas Cre- 
sap, gives colour to the later exploits of his son, Michael, which 
Jefferson featured in his Notes on Virginia. "Col. Cresap's" house on 
the upper Potomac was indicated by Dalrymple on the Fry and Jeffer- 
son map. 






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WITH BRADDOCK's ARMY 3^7 

June the 14. 

I was taken very ill with a Fever and other Disorders 
which continued 10 Days and was not able to get out of my 
Bed.^ 

July the i. 

My Brother was taken ill with a Fever and Flux and Fits. 
My Maid taken ill with a Fever. 

July the 4. 

'All greatly alarni'd with the Indians scalping several Fam- 
ilys within lO Miles of us; one poor boy brought in with 
his Scalp of, he liv'd 4 Days. Several Familys left their 
Homes and came to the Fort for Protection. 

July the 7. 

By Brother extreemly ill, he was blister'd. Several who 
call'd themselves friendly Indians came to the Fort but the 
Gates were ordered to be shut. They stay'd 4 Hours and 
then went to the Camp, and we had not a drop of Water 
there being no well in the Fort. 

July the 8. 

My Brother still the same and maid very ill. I can get 
no Nurse, so that I am very much fatigued. 

July the ii. 

My Brother much better. All of us greatly alarm'd ; a 
Boy came from the Camp and said the General was kill'd 
4 Miles from the French Fort, and that allmost all Sr. Peter 
Hackets Regiment is cut of by a Party of French and Indians 
who were behind Trees. Dunbar's Regiment was in the rear 
so that they lost but few Men."' It is not possible to de- 

^A week earlier, Washington had written from the "Camp at Will's 
Creek" to William Fairfax : "Our hospital is filled with sick, and 
the numbers increase daily, with the bloody flux, which has not yet 
proved mortal to many" (iyritings of Washiugton, ed. Ford, i, 161). 

^ The battle was on July 9, but Braddock did not die of his wounds 
until July 13th. 



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3l8 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

scribe the Distraction of the poor Women for their Hus- 
bands. I pack'd up my Things to send, for we expected the 
Indians every Hour. My Brother desired me to leave the 
Fort, but I am resolv'd not to go but share my Fate with 
him . . . 

July the 12. 

My Brother better. No news from the Camp so we hope 
that it is not true what the Boy said . . . 

July the 13. 

. . . An Officer is come from the Camp and confirms 
all what the Boy said 

July the 17. 

Oh ! how shall I express my Distraction. This unhappy 
day at 2 in the after Noon deprived me of my dear Brother in 
whom I have lost my kind Guardian and Protector and am 
now left a friendless Exile from all that is dear to me . . . 

August the 17. 

I went out of my Room supported by 2. The Day is 
fix'd we are to march the 20 and I am resolv'd not to stay 
behind, if I am able to set on a Horse, which I have not 
been on this 16 Years. 

August the 18. 

X'^ery busy packing up for my March which increas'd my 
Disorder very much. Mr. Cherrington is gone so that I shall 
not be so happy as to go in his Party. He is the only one I 
can call my Friend. I can get no Horse so fear I must be 
left behind. 

August the 20. 

I happily met with a Horse. I bought it and set out with 
my Nurse walking by my Side, all the Gentlemen were gone 
before . . . 



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with braddock s army 3i9 

August the 30. 

I was very ill and not able to march with the rest. Mr. 
Anderson was so kind as to leave his Servant to attend me. 
We march'd at 10 and at 6 we arriv'd at Frederick's Town 
in Maryland. Mr. Bass came to meet me, he had taken a 
Lodging for me at the Widow DeButts.'^ I was very much 
fatigued having marched since I left the Fort 150 Miles, 
\ery ill with a Fever and Flux . . . 

Sept. the 10. 

Better every day and begin to walk out to see the Town, 
which is a very Pleasant Place. Most of the People are 
Dutch. 

Sept. the 15. 

Rec'd the Comp. of all the English Ladies in the Town, 
who came to see [me] all at once and gave me an Invitation 
to their Houses, which I excejjted, and was receiv'd with 
ereat Politeness. 



Sept. the 20. 

I had an Livitation to go to a Ball, which was compos'd 
f Romans, Jews, and Hereticks who in this Town flock 
together. The Ladys danced without Stays or Hoops, and 
it ended with a jig from each Lady. 



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Sept. the 25. 

I receiv'd an Invitation to go out of Town. I went to a 
farm House & was receiv'd with a friendly wellcome. I 
had for Breakfast a fine Dish of Fish and a Pig. I stay'd 
2 Days, and the Good Alan and his Wife waited on me 
home. 



Judge T. J. C. Williams of Baltimore advises that there was a 
Robert DcButts living in Fredericktown prior to 1746, whose name 
appears m the church accounts of the period. 



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320 virginia historical magazine 

Sept. the 30. 

Parson Miller and his Lady'' came to see and invited me 
to his House 6 Miles out of Town. 

October the i. 

The Director is arrived from Philadelphia, but no Letters 
from England. We are to march as soon as the sick come 
from Fort Cumberland. 

OcTR. the 5. 

All the Sick are come from Fort Cumberland, but they 
were obliged to leave some of the Baggage behind, being 
alarm'd by the Indians. 

lOcTR. THE 7. 

An Express is arriv'd from near Fort Cumberland with 
an Account that the Indians have scalp'd 5 Families, and 
that they are in the greatest Distress having Bread but for 
3 Days and cannot go out for more. 

OCTR. THE 8. 

An Express is arriv'd from Fort Cumberland with an 
Account that the Indians are near them, and beg some As- 
sistance. 

OcTR. THE 9. 

Very busy packing up to go to Philadelphia having but 
2 days notice . . . 

^The parson of All Saints parish from 1746 to 1758 was Samuel 
Hunter, who had received the Royal Bounty to go to Maryland in 
1744 (Fothergill). It seems probable that this was a reference to 
him, for there was no parson named Miller in Frederick County in 
1755, and Fothergill includes none of the name among the Maryland 
clergy. 






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VIRGINIA CLERGY 321 



THE VIRGINIA CLERGY 



Edited by Rev. G. McLaren Brydon 



( Continued ) 

My Lord 

M"" Fox"' the Bearer of this Letter, which is an answer to 
those of Oct. 8"" and Xl^er 15"" I have heen Honoured with 
from your Lordship, is the Gentleman I mentioned in my 
Letter by M"" Kenner, Brought up at the College of William 
and iM,ary, and waits on your Lordship for Holy Orders, to 
which, as I know him modest, sober and Religious, I beg leave 
to Recommend him. I have put under his care half a dozen 
Hams, which I hope will prove good, and be accepted by your 
Lordshijx 

M' McCulloch was well received in the Parish I sent him 
to, and I doubt not will be very faithful to his Trust : I am 
exceedingly s(jrry to find your Lordship so deceived l)y M. 
WVight, who, long before your Lordship Letter came to my 
hands, was settled in a P'arish in the Northern Neck, and 
what is not often the Practice, after he had been there some 
Moneths, I received thanks in a Letter from one of his Parish- 
ioners, for sending so diligent and useful a Minister to that 
Church : and indeed my Lord, in those parts of his Country 
where he is known, he has by his Behaviour acquired that 
character : Upon reading your Lordship's letter with the In- 
closed from M"" Lowther, I consulted M' Commissary what 
method to take, that might not disoblige your Lordship, in an 
aftair so delicate as it concerned the Church and Clergy ; 1 



" Rev. John Fox was educated at William and Mary College. Master 
of the Indian School of William and Mary College, 1729-1736; visitor 
William and Mary College, 1761 ; minister of Ware Parish, Gloucester 
county, 1742-58, (Meade, i: 354-329- Perry); married Isabel, daughter 
of Thomas Booth, (Colonial Churches, 196). 



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322 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

considered, if out of regard to the Ministry, we indulged this 
unhappy Gentleman with an admonition to Retire privately 
out of this Province, there was no Place he could flee unto, 
wherein he would not be the occasion of greater Scandal to 
his Profession, and give your Lordship more uneasiness, when 
again reduced to the necessity of relieving himself by the 
same unrighteous ways. On the other hand if we shew'd 
him your Lordship's Letter, and promised him to Intercede 
with your Lordship in his favour, and in the mean time, to 
conceal his Crimes, provided he would make Restitution to 
the Persons he had injured, not forgetting what was due to 
himself, I then thought, if he had any Ingenuity or Gratitude 
in him, he might yet make a good Man, it is now in Power, 
and thereby we should avoid the ofifence that must fall upon 
the Clergy, should it be known here, as your Lordship ex- 
presses it, that a Minister with all the appearance of sobriety 
& seriousness is, I hope I may say it, and with your Lordships 
leave, hvas, in Principle so very bad a M^n. This therefore 
my Lord, as he was so well settled among us, is what I pro- 
posed and it was thought by M' Commissary the best Ex- 
pedient: M'' Wright was sent for, the whole was opened to 
him by M"" Blair, for he declined seeing of me, and altho he 
was too prone to deny the Facts he stood charged with, he 
has notwithstanding made hearty Promises, he has taken good 
Resolutions, and if he observes and do them, your Lordship 
1 trust will not be Angry, that we have given him the op- 
pertunity. 

The News in the Papers concerning the Negros was only 
from common Report, for my Letters were lost in the Gooch 
frigate which sailed hence in September last, and have not 
since been heard of. Numbers of these poor Creatures were 
taken up in all parts of the Country for their unlawful Meet- 
ings and Examined, but no discovery could be made of any 
formed Design of their Rising, only loose Discourses that an 
order from His Majesty was brought in by M' Spotswood 
to sett all those slaves free that were Christians, and that the 
order was Suppressed. A Notion, in their Circumstances, 
sufficient to incite them to Rebellion, were they Masters of a 



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VIRGINIA CLERGY 323 

more peaceable Disposition than generally they have: who 
the first Author of this Report was, I could never learn, and 
the wickedness of it will not give me leave to Guess. How- 
ever, keeping the Militia to their Duty, by Imprisonment 
and severe whipping of the most Suspected, this Disturbance 
was very soon Quashed, and until about six weeks after- 
wards we were easy ; when in the Countys of Norfolk & 
Princess Anne, the Negros, about two hundred of them, had 
the assurance to assemble on a Sunday whilst the People 
were at Church, and to chuse from among themselves officers 
to Command their intended Insurrection, which was to have 
been put in Execution very soon after ; But this Plot being 
happily discovered, the Ringleaders were brought to a Tryal 
and four of them, on clear Evidence Convicted, were Executed. 
By this means they are again very Quiet and Submissive, and I 
hope convinced that their best way is to rest contented with 
their condition. But as we could not be too much on our 
Guard against such desperate Combinations, I ordered the 
Militia to carry their Arms to Church on Sundays, lest, the 
same mutinous Spirit returning, they should be siezed by 
these poor wretches ; and this they continued to do for some 
time, but soon weary of well doing, it is now intirely dropt. 
What your Lordship observes is of some Masters very true, 
they use their Negros no better than their Cattle, and I can 
see no help for it: tho' far the greater Number, having kind 
Masters, live much better than our poor labouring Men in 
England. 

If I am not mistaken, and many others who think as I do 
are not in the wrong, the following story will Surprize your 
Lordship, to whose great judgment I submit myself. But 
before I tell it, I must acquaint your Lordship that our Courts 
of Justice are, first the General Court, held twice a Year, in 
April & October, in which I and the council sitt judges. 
Then the County Courts held in each County every Moneth, 
in which the Justices of the respective Countys are the Judges. 
In these last Courts by a special Commission of Oyer and 
Terminer directed to the Justices, all Negros Accused of 
criminal matters are tryed ; and by a Law of the Country, 



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324 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

not by Jurys, but according to Evidence, the Bench, by putting 
the Question, finds them guiUy or not GuiUy. 

In one of these Courts, in January last, a Negro woman 
Slave was tryed for stealing ; and as I knew her to be a 
Christian (for not long before she had, upon some pretence, 
I forget what, sued for her Freedom in the General Court, 
where she was examined touching her Faith of which she 
gave a tolerable account) I desired a Lawyer to attend the 
Tr\'al, and in case she was found Guilty, to inform the Justices 
that notwithstanding she was a Slave, it was my opinion, as 
a christian, she was Intitled to the benefit of the Clergy ; upon 
^^'hich after some little debate, for it was never Inquired into 
before, the Question was put, and the judges were divided, 
so it was agreed to be deferr'd until another and a fuller Court. 
^^'hen a report was made to me of their Proceedings, and 
fearing it might go against her if 1 left' to be determined there, 
I advised with our ablest Lawyers, and from the county court 
had it Adjourned into the General Court, resolving to have 
this Matter argued in the most public manner by our best 
Lawyers, as a thing of great consequence, by which all the 
courts in the country for the future should govern themselves, 
and not doubting but it would be carried in favour of the 
Christian though a black one; But when the Day of hearing 
came, notwithstanding four out of five of the Gentlemen learned 
in the Law, of which number the King's Attorney General 
was one, gave it as their opinion, suj^ported by ])roper Argu- 
ments, that she had a Right to plead the benefit of that statute, 
when 1 put the Question, we were divided here too, six and 
six ; and now it rests to be determined by the opinion of the 
SoUicitor & Attorney General in Fngland, which I shall send 
for as soon as our Lawyers have drawn up a State of the 
Case as they have directions to do, with the sense of the Laws 
of this Country, and political reasons for and against it. But 
I can assure your Lordship that there is no Law against it, 
if there is, I think it ought to be repealed: and for political 
reasons, they are of equal force against white as black People 
being Christians. I shant trouble your Lordship with par- 
ticulars, but thought it my Duty to acquaint your Lordship 



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VIRGINIA CLERGY 325 

with it, not knowing whether M*" Commissary will do so or 
not, who was one of the judges. 

Our Law made the last Sessions for the improvement of 
our Staple, contrived by myself, and in truth my Lord, carried 
thro' the House of Burgesses by my Interest, and some Ex- 
pense to me in Entertainments, the best Law that ever was 
made for His Majesty s Interest (and as such I was in hopes 
to get some Credit by it) for the merchants and for the Planters, 
has very vm fortunately mett with opposition from the Com- 
missioners of the Customs, influenced by M' Fitzwilliams, a 
name I mention only to your Lordship, who unluckily went 
hence last Summer, and notwithstanding when he parted from 
me, he owned it the best Law that ever passed here for the 
King's Revenue, and he is an officer of the Customs, yet 
truly when he gets Home he fills the Conmiissioners heads 
with an opinion that t'would lessen the Customs, merely for 
the sake of doing Mischief, for which only he is disposed, 
ri not speak of the Advantage this Law would be the Clergy, 
because I have ordered our agent to leave a P'amphlet at your 
Lordship's which speaks fully to it, called a Letter to a Friend 
in England, in defence &c^ by this Intimation, and the way 
of Expression, your Lordship will find out, what is to be a 
Secret to every body else. I take the liberty to inclose to your 
Lordship my Charge to the Grand Jury, in October last, which 
I was desired to Print, our Press being just then sett up. 

I beg Your Lordship's Blessing for me and mine, and, wish- 
ing your Lordship many Years of Happiness, which will be 
for the good of Mankind, as, to mention only, your Lord- 
ship's late excellent Pastoral Letters Evince, I remain with 
the greatest Duty and Gratitude 

My Lord 

Your Lordship's 

Most obedient and most 
faithful humble servant 
WILLIAM GOOCH 

W"" "burgh 
May 28th 1 73 1 



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326 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

My Lord the weather is now so hot 
it is with great difficulty I write, and 
therefore hope your Lordship will excuse 
my Blunders. 

British Transcripts 

Fulham MSS. Virginia, No. in. 



Sir 

If I could receive any greater Satisfaction in Obeying your 
Commands, than by Doing the Thing you desired for the 
Service of your Friend, I should certainly have mett with it, 
when pursuant to your Recomendation I settled M' Eelback'^ 
in a good Parish amongst kind Parishioners, and near his 
Brother's House. 

M' Randolph who will deliver this to you is sent over by 
our General Assembly to Present their Address to the King 
and their Petition to the Parliament, and to Sollicite, with the 
Approbation of the King's Ministers, that some Method may 
be entered into in favour of our Trade, whereby the Frauds 
in the Payment of the Dutys may be prevented, which are 
so injurious to the Planters and fair Traders, as well as to 
the Crown. 

As he is in all respects a very deserving Gentleman, the 

least Countenance he meets with from You, shall ever be 

acknowledged as an Honour done to 

Sir 

Your most faithful and obedient 

humble Servant 

Will: Gooch 
July 23" 1732 

Endorsed Virginia July 23 1732 

Gov R Oct' 27 (by M' Randolph) 

British Transcripts 

P. R. O. C. O. 1337/5 No. 88. 



"^ Rev. Henry Elebeck received the King's Bounty for Virginia Jan- 
uary II, 1731-32. His parish or parishes not known. He performed 
several Harrison of Surry baptisms, 1747-51- 



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VIRGINIA CLERGY 327 

My Lord 

I am much obliged to Your Lordship for the Honour of a 
Letter dated the 14'" 7ber, wherein your Lordship is pleased 
to Excuse, what I should have been much more uneasie at, 
and could never have forgiven my self for, had it proceeded 
from any neglect in me, my not having yet done anything for 
M-- Gibson, who shall never be out of my thoughts until he 
is provided for. 

The vacant Parishes we now have hap'ned so very lately, 
that I wonder the Merchants had such early Intelligence, that 
truly valueable Man M' Yates'" died about three months since: 
M' Smith,* not the little Gentleman.f and M' Swift$ very 
lately: M' Debuts^ a very good man left us in the Fall, and 
went to Maryland for a better Living; to which Province M' 
Keith'''' about six weeks ago thought fitt to retire with his 



^'Rev. Bartholomew Yates, Sr., B. A. Brasenose College, Oxford, 
ordained Sept. 10, 1700. Received the King's Bounty for Virginia 
September 18, 1700; came to Virginia February, 1700-01; minister of 
Sittenburne Parish, and North Side of St. Mary's Parish, Richmond 
county, 1701-02; minister of Kingston Parish, Gloucester county, 1702- 
03; minister of Christ Church Parish, Middlesex county from March 
1702, until his death, July 26, 1734, aet. 57. Inducted. Visitor of 
VVilliam and Mary College and Professor of Divinity, 1729. His 
vestry raised his salary to 20,000 pounds tobacco to keep him from 
going to York county. Married, 1704, Mrs. Sarah Mickleborough, 
widow, daughter of William Stanard, (Meade, i: 359 et seq. ; Perry, 
296, 355; Bruce 1: 203). 

♦ See note No. 9. 

t See note No. 4. 

^* Rev. Lawrence DeButts received the King's Bounty for Virginia 
July 9, 1721 ; minister of Washington Parish, Westmoreland county, 
1721-28; officiated also in Northumberland and in North Farnham 
Parish, Richmond county ; officiated in St. Mark's Parish, Culpeper 
county, 1731-33; in Truro Parish, Fairfax county, 1733-34; went to 
Maryland for a better living (Slaughter's Histary of St. Mark's 
Parish, Truro Parish, Perry). 

^^ Rev. James Keith, born in Scotland, 1696, received the King's 
Bounty for Virginia March 4, 1728-29; minister of Henrico Parish 
1730, and prior, until 1733, resigned (vestry book 16). Dr. Brock 
quotes Perry as saying he went to Maryland, but it would seem to 
be the same who married Mary Isham Randolph of Tuckahoe and was 
minister in Hamilton Parish, Prince William county (now Fauquier) 
in 1736 and was there until his death probably about 1757. (History 
Truro Parish, p. 12; Meade, 11: 207 and 216; Perry 358.) (Gov. 
Gooch's letter confirms Perry's statement). 



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328 VIKGIMA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Guilt, there are besides these, two new erected Parishes§ 
which could not be prepared for the reception of ]\Iinisters 
before midsummer, having Churches to build and Glebes to 
Purchase. Seven in all, which I hope will be supplied with 
good Men ; and for their encouragement the Livings are now 
of double the value to what they were formerly. 

The Master of the Ship lately arrived told me when he left 
England 'twas thought the Arch Bp. of Canterbury could not 
live a Moneth : If it pleases God to take His Grace to him- 
self, I shall hope in a little time to Congratulate Your Lord- 
ship upon your Translation thither; which I dare say is the 
wish and constant Prayer of all good Men, I am sure it is of 

M^y Lord 

Your Lordships 

Most dutiful and most 
obliged humble Servant 
WILLL-VM GOOCH 
Jan. I4"' 1734 

Endorsed. Gooch — Vacant Livings in Virginia — ReC Marcli 
6 1734/5 Answ* 

Written ag. 
Aug. 2. 
1735 

British Transcripts 

Fulham MSS. Virginia ist Box No, 70. 



My Lord 

I received Your Lordship Letter which dos me the honour 
to acknowledge your Lordship's acceptance of the Wine I 
ventured to Send, because 'tis agreed by every Body Madeira 
is much improved by passing through this hott Climate, and I 
hope it will be as Good as 1 intended it. 

:!: New parishes newly erected at this time were: Truro Parish in 
Fairfax county, Lunenburg Parish in Richmond county and Brunswick 
Parish in King George county, all formed in 1732. 






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VIRGINIA CLERGY 3^9 

I then informed your Lordship of the offer I had made to 
U. Gibson of an Inspector's Place convenient to his DweUing 
which at first he wiUingly Accepted, but when called upon to 
receive his Comission, seeming not very inclined to Under- 
take it, I urged it no further upon him than barely telling of 
him, what he was no Stranger to, that if he rejected this 
ofiice, I could not Say When or How I could serve him. The 
person I gave that Place to, dying about eight moneths ago, 
I made another Tender of it to M. Gibson, who, tho' he re- 
fused it for himself, brought a ffriend with him and desired 
me to give his Recomendation the Preference, for there were 
Competitors, and accordingly I gave a Commission to his 
ffriend. This oifice is to view Tobacco, and see it weighed 
and mark'd and tho but £60 a year is coveted by every Body 
that lives near the Warehouse, because, they can do that Duty, 
without neglecting their own Puisiness. 

There are my Lord but five Naval Officers in the Country, 
and by reason of our Situation, but one of them, upon a 
Vacancy, he could think of having, that being at the mouth of 
the same River on which he lives; therefore when I askt him 
in case that one should fall, whether he would leave his Plan- 
tation and remove near fourscore Miles to the Port where 
the Officer is obliged constantly to reside, he readily answered 
No, nor is it worth his while, and owned his Mistake in be- 
lieving he might have Executed the office at his own House, 
which I do assure your Lordship is not to be done, unless I 
would oblige every Master of a Ship that comes into the 
River to go eighty miles to the Officer to Enter, and take such 
another journey when he Clears, a Burden not to be imposed 
upon Trade. 

We now fell into discourse about a Clerk's Place, and I 
told him whenever any Vacancy hap'ned convenient to him, 
he might depend upon it I would procure it for him, they are 
in the Gift of the Secretary of the Colony, with which he 
was well Satisfied; But I give your Lordship my word, it 
was not, my Case, for I am very much concerned that it has 
not been in my power to express my Gratitude to your Lordsp. 
by doing something for AP Gibson, who shall be always in 



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330 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

my remembrance, and meet with my Countenance & Favour 
to the greatest degree I am capable of. 

M' Fox* chuses to continue at the College with my Promise 
of a Parish convenient for holding both. I am under the 
same but prior Engagement to M^ Dawsonf formerly reco- 
mended by your Lordship from my Lord of Oxford. 

I beg your Lordship's blessing and remain with the Greatest 
Duty and Respect 

Your Lordship 

Most obliged and most faithful 
humble Servant 

WILLIAM GOOCH 

June 20'" 1734 

Endorsed. Gooch— Virginia 

Rec. Aug. 23 Gibson 

1734 

Answ<» Fox 



Dawson 



British Transcripts 

Fulham MSS. Virginia, ist Box No. 151, 



July 8"- 1735 
My Lord 

The bearer M' W"' Phillips'' having been a Student at ^lerton 
College in Oxford, and lived near three Years W" a Gentle- 
man in this Country as Tutor to his Children, behaving him- 
self during that time as a good Christian & loial Subject; 
As his Father is a Clergyman, and if I mistake not, one of 
the Prebendarys of Worcester, I have been prevailed upon to 
recommend him to your Lordsp. for Holy Orders. And if 
he gives your Lordship, what I could not learn from him, a 

* See note No. 21. 

t See note No. 17. 

=^Rev. William Phillips received the King's Bounty for Virginia 
Jan. 8, 1736; minister of South Farnham Parish, Essex county, 1739- 
1744. (Meade, 1: 390.) 



H . 






U;ioI ji 



VIRGINIA CLERGY 33 ^ 

good reason for his leaving the University and coming hither, 
he may approve himself to your Lordship's Satisfaction. 

The Anonymous Letter your Lordship sent inclosed to the 
Commissary I could not read without some Emotion and a 
good deal of Suspicion, but as I can't think the Comissary's 
example will justify me in judging, who told me he believed 
one Smith was the Author of it, a Clergyman then dead, 
I shall only say with your Lordships leave, and without enter- 
ing into the improbability of M' Blair's Conjecture, that who- 
ever the Author was, his design to conceal his own faults 
was what he meant, more than to publish those of other men, 
the black List at least denoting some Merit to those Ministers 
whose Names are not mentioned in it. for what less with 
submission could your Lordship conclude from the language 
of a Writer of so much seeming Sincerity, and One so very 
intimate with all the Clergy, as to be able to Cull out of 
them & so many with their particular Crimes & Failings, 
than that the Gentlemen he had picked out, were the only 
ones scandalous in their lives, that they are full as vicious as 
he has been pleased to represent them, and that a Reformation 
was not to be expected, if an Appeal to your Lordship did 
not shame them into good manners. 

This my Lord I take to be the substance of his Narrative, 
which in a few Words I hope to prove an unwarrantable De- 
famation, as well as a most wicked Imposition upon your 
Lordship, the true Cause of my Concern.* 

For my Lord so partial has the Informer been in his Col- 
lection, not to give your Lordship any distrust of others, 
that M^ Dicky" he has taken the liberty to Censure, is a Man 
of as good Report, as well beloved by his Parishioners for his 
diligence in his Duty and uniform behaviour, as your Lord- 
ship looks for from them. I once indeed did reprimand him 
for being too Gay in his Apparel, he told he was much in 
want of a Coat, and what he had on was the only coloured 
Cloth he could gett. he has lately married a fortune of i2000. 
and one of a good Family. 

*'Rev. Adam Dickie received the King's Bounty for Virginia April 
12, 1731. Nothing further known of him. 



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332 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

M' Leneve'" is unhappy in being easily overcome with Liquor, 
and now and then is betrayed by it; he Hves very near me, 
is often at my house, because otherwise very decent and regular. 

M-- Becket* is a man of strong Constitution, loves drink 
perhaps too well, and living in the Northern Neck where drink- 
ing and boxing is too much in fashion has been tempted to 
quarrel ; for being unpohshed, he is bold and hardy in his 
temper, and has not yet learnt to turn the other Cheek, but 
with this he is constant in the discharge of his Duty. 

M' Dunbar-" is the very bad Man, now M^ Swift is gone, 
(and 1 think the Letterwriter should not have called him 
from his Grave) nor should 1 be able to say anything for him, 
if his accusation was not old and out of Date ; for he has been 
married above two years, and leads a vertuous sober life.* 

These my Lord are their Characters, and as the Writer 
could not be ignorant of these Circumstances, they are so 
many Aggravations of his offence. 

But my Lord 'tis a melanchoUy truth, the Church & Clergy 
have' many Enemies in this Country, ffree thinkers multiply 
ver)- fast having an eminent Layman for their Leader, and 
the Current runs in some places almost w"'out opposition. I 
was lead to say thus much by what went before, and if your 
Lordship desires it, I shall be more open, and readily turn Li- 
former in things pertaining unto God. I beg y^ Lordsp. bless- 
ing and am in duty and Gratitude 

Your Lordsp most obed' humb Servant 
WILLIAM GOOCH 



^ Rev. William LeNeve received the King's Bounty for Providence 
Island Miay 21, 1722; came from England in 1722; minister of James 
City Parish until 1737 and probably later, also had a church on Mul- 
berry Island, Warwick county, and lectured in Williamsburg in 1723. 
(Tyler; Perry; Va. Hist. Mag., July, 1916, p. 308). 

* See note No. 2. He was in St. Mark's Parish, Culpeper county 
at this time. Under one interpretation Culpeper county was in the 
Northern Neck. 

"" Rev. Hancock Dunl)ar received the King's Bounty for Virginia 
December 30, 1725; minister of St. Stephen's Parish, King and Queen 
county, 1754-8 and 1773-6, Meade, i : 379, Perry. 

* See Commissary Blair's letter to the Bishop of London in regard 
to this anonymous letter. Perry, p. 357. 






Juo"'* [ 0fn02 






buiy.'i ii> niiiuiiJ ;•/ (]r.f 



VIRGINIA CLERGY 333 

Endorsed. Gov Gooch — Phillips — Dickie — Becket — Dunbar — 
Free-thinking — Rec' Sept' 5. 1735. AnsW 

British Transcripts 

Fulhani AISS. Virginia, ist Box No. 68. 



Saturday /ber 20'" 1735. 
jMy Lord 

The beginning of this Week I received the honour of your 
Lordship's letter by AL Gavin,*' who, as he has been with 
three or of four times, appears to be a Gentleman of a decent 
temper, open but not too free, and as farr as I am capable of 
judging from his Conversation, as well fitted for the discharge 
of the duties of a Parish, and the service of Religion, as 1 
would wish to see come into this Country, where, so deplorable 
is our 'Case, on Account of gross Ignorance, an heathenish 
Rudeness, and an utter unconcernedness for the Things of 
God, many Parishes are even at this day, like churches newly 
Planted, but not well formed. But my Lord I hope in time 
we shall be more careful, and not be obliged on all occasions 
to fill our Letters with such Complaints as must give your 
Lordship great Uneasiness ; and 1 hope what 1 sent your Lord- 
ship in June last will give you some Relief as to the faults of 
tlie Clergy, which tho' men deceive themselves with thinking 
they are less excusable then in others, ought not at every 
turn to be sett up to intercept tiie Light, their own will not 
bear. 

To Morrow IVL Gavin is to read Prayers and Preach in 
this Church, and on Alunday I intend to send him to the 
Parish AP Keith left, a very good one, where, I make no doubt, 

^ Rev. Anthony Gavin received the King's Bounty for Virginia June 
17. 1735; minister of Henrico Parish, Henrico county, 1735-36. (Vestry 
Book; History of Henrico Parish, p. 17); minister of St. James' 
Parish, the undivided parish and county of Goochland, 1736-44; min- 
ister of St. James-Northam Parish, Goochland county, 1744-1749; 
died 1749; preached to the Huguenots of King WiUiam Parish, Man- 
akintown, 1736 and 1739 to 1744, four in French and six in KngUsh 
a year. (Meade, i: 467; Perry, 360-61.) 



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334 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

his Conduct will make amends to the People for the failings 
of that unhappy Gentleman. 

My Lord the hearer hereof, M-- Pasture," waits on your 
Lordship for holy orders : He was brought up at our College, 
and for sometime was Usher to the School ; He is the Son 
of a very honest industrious Man, who lives in this Town, 
and though in low Circumstances, breeds up [torn] large 
Family with Reputation. But my Lord, if a good share of 
Learning, Ingenuity, Modesty and Sobriety, will recommend 
a Person to your Lordship's favour, I beg leave to ask it on 
the behalf of this young Man, who has always maintained 
that character. 

I receive with great thankfulness your Lordship's sentiments 
of the present situation of Afifairs in Europe, to which, the 
Consec^uence of a Battle on the Rhine must give a great Turn : 
nor will the diversion the Portuguese may give the Spaniards 
at Home, as I presume to say, be of small Importance to the 
Maritime Powers, if that Warr, which, by the trifle that oc- 
casioned it, appears to have been a politic stroke, can be kept 
up. 

I am with the greatest Duty and Gratitude 
My Lord 

Your Lordship's most obedient 
and most faithful hunib Serv' 
William Gooch 
Endorsed 

— Gov Gooch 
Gavin 
Rec* Dec. Pasteur 

13- 1/35 Clergy 

Answ* 
British Transcripts 
Fulham MSS. Virginia No. 46 



*^ Rev. Charles Pasture (Pasteur) received the King's Bounty for 

Virginia March 19, 1735-36; died on the voyage to Virginia. (See 
mention of Pasteur family in William and Mary Quarterly, Jan., 191 1, 
P- 155). 



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VIRGINIA CLERGY 335 

My Lord 

I am to acknowledge the receipt of two Letters your Lord- 
ship was pleased to honour me with by the return of the 
Trade : the last by M-- Pasteur was brought to me by the Cap- 
tain on board whose Ship that young Gentleman died in the 
Passage, about half Seas over. 

All the other Clergymen are Arrived, one excepted, who I 
am told, tho' licensed by Your Lordship for Virginia, is gone 
to Maryland, his Name I dont know. 

We have still my Lord some vacant Parishes, lately Erected* 
indeed, but by the next year they will be able to maintain 
ministers, and I hope we shall acquit our Selves so well at least 
for the fut,ure as to keep the People about us from growing 
worse. 

I humbly beg your Lordship to Accept of a Pott of Bar- 
bados Sweetmeats, which I have given in Charge, w'" this 
Letter, to a Captain of a Ship who I am sure will deliver 
them himself, the danger of the Seas excepted; by whom I 
should have sent some Hamms, had the Ships gone Home 
sooner in ye year. 

I beg your Lordship's Blessing for me and mine, and am 
with great Duty and Respect My Lord 

Your Lordship's most obliged 
and most faithful humb Serv* 
WILLIAM GOOCH 
August 20'" 1736 

Endorsed Gov Gooch 

— New Parishes 
— Sweetmeats 
— Hamms. 
Answ" 

By Capt. Whitesides — 

British Transcripts 

Fulham MiSS. Virginia No. 182. 

* Parishes late erected were Raleigh Parish in Amelia county and 
Dale Parish in Chesterfield county, both formed in 1735. 



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236 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

March 3" 1736/7 

My Lord 

1 received the honour of Your Lordship's Letter of the 
i8'^ of November, and think Myself much ObUged to Your 
Lordship for your kind acceptance of the Sweetmeats ; which 
has encouraged me to send to Barbados for more, and if they 
come time enough shall be conveyed to your Lordship this 
sunmier by the same hand. 

The Bearer hereof the Rev" J^L Read" waits on Your Lord- 
ship for Priest Orders, he has promised me to be as Ex- 
peditious in his Return to his P'arish as his Ordination will 
Admit of; And I dare say nothing will divert him from it, 
for he has a sincere Regard for the Souls of his Parishioners, 
and is worthy of Your Lordship's particular notice, being a 
Modest, sober, discreet and useful Minister. 

I doubt not but M' Gibson dos me justice to your Lord- 
ship, for tho' I have not yet been Able to serve him in the 
way' he desires, I have done him, and shall continue to do 
for him all the kind and good Offices in my Power, and the 
first \''acancy be sure to Provide for Him, And I trust your 
Lordship will ascribe it to want of Power, and that nothing 
else has kept me from serving a Gentleman, who is known by 
every Body here to be as welcome at My House as any Man 
in the Country, and to have on all Occasions My Favour & 
Countenance, as he is Your Lordship's tTriend. 

I am very much concerned to hear from AP Commissary 
what your Lordsp. was pleased to write him concerning Your 
self: But sutler me to say My Lord, that lett what will 
hai)pen, I shall never deviate in the lease from the Respect, 
Duty and Gratitude 1 owe to Your Lordship, which, with 
Pride, I shall take all oppertunitys to acknowledge, because, 

^Rev John Read (Reade) received the King's Bounty for Vir- 
"iuia June 13, 1737; minister of Stratton Major Parish, Km- and 
Quet.. county, \736-17A3: supphed in Middlesex and GU.ucester^ 
(Meade, 1: 374. 360, 325; Stratton-Majur Vestry Book.) Married 
Frances, daughter of Rev. Bartholomew \ ates, br. 



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VIRGINIA CLERGY 337 

with begging Your Lordship's Blessing for me and mine, I 
am with the greatest Sincerity in the World, My Lord, 
Your Lordship's 

Most faithful and most 

obedient obliged humble Servant 
WILLIAM GOOCH 

My Lord of London 
Endorsed - Gov Gooch 

— Sweetmeats 

— M' Read 

— M-- Gibson 

— My self 

Answ" Aug. 1737. 

(To be continued) 



7/ 






OD ad oT) 



338 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



VIRGINIA QUIT RENT ROLLS, 1704 

(Continued) 



Gloucester Rent Roll 



A Rent Role in Ware Parish. 



Thomas Poole 
Anne Croxson 
Thomas Ptirnell 
Nicholas Pamplin 
Simon Stublefield 
Jno. Price 
Sam" Dawson 
Sam" Vadrey 
Nathan. Burwell 
John Dawson 
Tho : Bacop 
Robt. Frances 
Walter Greswell 
Tho Read 
James Shackelford 
Robt. Freeman 
Jno. Marinex 
Isaac Valine 
Tho : Haywood 
Hugh Marinex 
Leonard Ambrose 
Philip Grady 
Capt. Wm. Debnam 
James Burton 
Jno. Spinks 
Wm. Hurst 
Sarah More 



acres 
600 
300 
163 
210 
200 
600 

350 
400 
600 
780 
200 
400 

50 
400 

035 
135 
100 
100 
70 

50 
200 
200 
1250 
100 
300 
200 
67 



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VIRGINIA QUIT RENT ROLLS, I7O4 339 





ACRES 


John Ray 


100 


Robt. Pryor 


300 


Christ" Greenaway 


270 


Capt. Throgmorton 


500 


James Clark 


250 


Philip Cooper 


200 


Jno, Kindrick 


100 


Sam" Simons 


120 


Wm. Radford 


200 


John Robins 


900 


Alice Bates 


200 


Jno. Easter 


350 


James Davison 


100 


Robt. Morrin 


200 


Anne Bray 


100 


Grace Easter 


200 


Sampson Darrell 


300 


Capt. Francis Willis 


3000 


Thomas Powell 


460 


Wm. Holland 


300 


Capt. Cook 


1500 


Giles Cook 


140 


Wm. Jones 


120 


Tho Colles 


100 


Philip Smith 


700 


Tho : Cheesman 


650 


Geo : More 


40 


James Morris 


250 




16710 


Abraham Iverson Senr. 


1000 


Robert Bristow Esqr. 


2050 


Anthony Gregory 


700 


Rich" Bailey 


800 


Wm. Foulcher 


100 


W^idd" Jeffes 


216 


Rich" Dudley Junr. 


300 



OOI 



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340 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 





ACRES 


John Buckner 


900 


Thomas Todd 


884 


John & Peter Watertield 


143 


Henry Whiting 


800 


Mad'" Whiting 


950 


Jn. Goodson 


150 


Wm. Morris 


350 


Mary Lassells 


200 


Peter Ransone 


220 


Charles Waters 


200 


Dorothy Kertch 


220 


Dorothy Boswell 


1600 


Rich" Cretendon [Crittenden] 


280 


EUz" Anniers 


250 


EHz" SnelUng 


250 


Joseph Boswell 


230 


John Bullard 


100 


Anthony Elliot 


100 


Wm. Armistead 


100 


Peter Kemp 


650 


Maj' Peter Beverley 


800 


Ditto P Tillids Lands 


150 


Dudley JoUey 


100 


Robt. Couch 


100 




14893 




16710 




31603 



Gloucester Rent Roll 
A Rent Roll in Ahbington Parish. 



Mr. Guy Smith 
James Gary 



30 
50 



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VIRGINIA QUIT RENT ROLLS, I704 341 

ACRES 

Wm. Sawyer 15^ 

EdW Cary ^oo 

Robt. Barlow 62 

Tho: Cleaver Sworne 200 

Edw Stevens oo 

Henry Stevens 00 

Chillion White 100 

Jeremiah Holt 35° 

of Ditto for ye Widd" Babb 150 

Robt. Yarbborrow lOO 

Robt. Starkey 100 

Henry Seaton l?^ 

Hugh Howard 200 

Capt. Booker 1000 

Jno. Stoakes 3^^ 

Jno. Dobson 400 

Wm. Dobson 95° 

Edm'' Dobson 35° 

Hugh Allen 1250 

George Jackson 117 

Jno. Teagle 3° 

Widd" Jones 45 

Mary Thomas 100 

Thomas Seawell 200 

Benj. Lane 5° 

Valentine Lane 80 

Jeffry Garves 33 

Thomas Coleman 250 

Johanna Austin 4° 

Maj' Burwell 330O 

Jno. Satterwight 5^ 

Jeremiah Holt Junr. 150 

Charles Stevens 75 

Rich<» Roberts for wife 300 

Jno. Sadler 125 

James Steavens lOO 

Susannah Stubbs 300 



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342 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 





ACRES 


Rich'^ Foster 


150 


Henry Mitchell 


50 


Nathan" Russell 


550 


Eliz" Richardson 


500 


Wm. Camp 


175 


James Row 


300 


John Butler 


100 


John Smith Esqr. 


2000 


Ditto for Robt. Bryon 


400 


Capt. Blackbourne 


550 


Peter Richeson 


250 


Benj. Clements 


500 


Thomas Graves 


70 


Robt. Page 


175 


Joseph More 


150 




17417 


Richard Dixon 


200 


Eliz" Turner 


150 


Owen Grathmee [Gwathmey] 


250 


Rich- Wood folk 


125 


Jn. Waters 


50 


Wm. Milliard 


80 


Rich" Heywood 


100 


Mary Hemingway 


150 


Wm. Kemp 


75 


Robt. Francis 


104 


Joshua Broadbent 


200 


Joseph Coleman 


200 


Grustam Clent 


100 


Philip Grady 


150 


Jno. Hall 


15 


Tho: Walker 


300 


Jno. Mixon 


400 


Tho : Sanders 


450 


Wm. Smith for Kittson 


50 


John Banister 


2750 



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VIRGINIA QUIT RENT ROLLS, I7O4 343 

ACRES 

Mad" Mary Page 3000 

Jno. Lewis Esqr. 2000 



(To be continued) 



11009 
17417 





28426 


Ware 


31603 


Petso 


41132 


Kinston 


46537 



147698 




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344 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



KENNON LETTERS 



(Continued) 

Mrs. Elizabeth B. Kennon to Samuel Mordecai 

Norfolk June 3rd 181 1 
Eleven O'Clock at night.'' 
I have also had a letter from my dear Rachel since the 
dreadful catastrophe; it was like herself; I need not say any 
more to convince you, I was much pleased with it. Will you 
not think when you read this scrawl that I would do very well 
for Dihden's wife? I think I am a little in his style; but I 
live and learn ; it would never do for me to be so much with 
the nautical tribe, and not catch their linge ; you must con- 
sider I am the mother of one son of Neptune, and mother- 
in-law to another; and that I see so many of them, and hear 
their technical terms so often, that I expect to talk like old 
Commodore Trunnion myself; indeed for some months past 
my thoughts were generally fixed on the uncertain main; for 
my dearest tar, my midshipman, my much loved sailor boy,"" 
is seldom absent from my minds eye; nearly seven months 
have elapsed since he left me, to encounter all the dangers 
his dreadful profession subjects him to; in all that time, I have 
had only one letter from him ; that was dated from Plymouth ; 
he said they were to take Mr. Pinkney on board, and were 
waiting for him ; and that it was uncertain, when they should 
lea\'e that country ; that they might perhaps sail in three weeks, 
or possibly they might be detained as many months; this 1 
suppose has been the case, as the Essex has not yet arrived. 
I believe you know that is the ship my amphibious animal is 

'^ Reiterated expressions of affection, requests for letters, sympathy, 
in distress, etc., appear frequently, and have been generally omitted m 
publication. 

'■^ Beverley Kennon, afterwards Commodore. 






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KENNON LETTERS 345 

attached to ; you see I must express myself like a seaman ; I 
begin to be very impatient ; but Hope, that best friend of the 
unhappy ; soothes me with the idea that 1 shall now soon see 
him; but as this subject makes me gloomy, I will quit it. 
My daughter, has once more the happiness of having her 
husband with her ; he returned a few days ago from St. Marys, 
whither he was sent to carry troops for the defence of that 
place ; how long he will remain with her is uncertain, for they 
never suffer him to stay long in port; alas, alas, it is a bad 
life these poor children of danger, these nurselings of the 
storm lead; and those who love them, endure many heart 
aches; but the evils we cannot cure, we must try to bear. 
From' what my amiable Rachel says, I flatter myself that the 
fire has only interrupted, not blasted the happiness of your 
family; and that the tranquility they began to enjoy, will 
soon be restored, how very true it is my dear young friend 
that an approving conscience is a balm to the heart in every 
situation; of this, I am certain you were all convinced on 
that dreadful night, for when you were surrounded by ca- 
lamity, you all derived the sweetest consolation from the con- 
sciousness of having discharged your duty, in the different 
scenes in which your lots were cast; and as there were no 
lives lost, the evil was supportable; you were all spared to 
comfort each other, and that was a blessing far preferable 
to the possession of the mines of Golconda ; even if at the 
same time, you had the harrowing reflection that those most 
dear to you had perished in the flames. You must excuse 
my not answering your letter by your uncle; but I did not 
know until he had left town, that he had been here ; for when 
I was told Mr. Myers brought it; I concluded it was the gen- 
tleman who lives in this place, who had probably been to 
Richmond. It is now the fearful midnight hour and all are 
fast asleep around me; and my eyes begin to twinkle like a 
farthing candle in the socket; this must be admitted as a 
sufficient apology for this terrible scrawl ; I have just looked 
over it, and find it so horrid that I would write it over again 
if I had time ; but I have not ; I only wish I had an hundred 
dollars for every word I have left out; but I will tell you 



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346 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

as Ellen once told me on a similar occasion ; I can write gooder 
and this if I try; but I acknowledge it must be by daylight, 
if I am to write to prove my wonderful talents as a scril^e ; 
for candle light, and eyes which have seen nearly half a cen- 
tury ; cannot produce copper plate. My daughter joins me in 
best wishes to you. When you see Mr. and Mrs. Bradfute, 
give my love to them and tell them, I shall try very hard to 
visit them between this, and the fall ; but I am afraid Sally 
cannot accompany me. I shall expect you to be my beau, and 
attend me to all the gay parties I shall go to. Farewell my 
much esteemed young friend, that you may hereafter be as 
hap{)y as you deserve to be, and greater felicity than that you 
need no twish for, is the prayer of your sincere, and affec- 
tionate, tho' sleepy old friend 

E. B. Kennon. 
Mr. Samuel Mordecai, 

Richmond. 
Mail. 



Mrs. Elizabeth B, Kennon to Rachel Mordecai 

• Richmond August 24th 181 1 

A length of time has elapsed my beloved Rachel, since I 
last wrote to you; and I should feel uneasy least you should 
impute my silence to a diminution of regard, was I not satis- 
fied you are too well convinced of the sincerity of my affec- 
tion for you ; to suffer an idea to intrude for a moment, that 
I do not love you as well as ever; if you have had a thought 
of that kind, you have done me injustice; for a variety of 
events have prevented my scribbling; among others sickness 
has had a considerable share; and has driven me from Nor- 
folk, to seek for health in the upper country. I have got 
thus far on my way ; but the tormenting ague still pursues me ; 
I hope however to get better of it when I go higher up; and 
I will not plague you with a longer account of my grunts, 
and groans, and shiverings, and burnings ; but turn to a more 
agreeable subject, and tell you that not long after I received 
your last affectionate letter, my dear Beverley returned to his 
native shores ; and by his presence removed a load of anxiety 



./ 1 -• ■ i; ii> 



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KENNON LETTERS 347 

and fear from my bosom. I declare to you when I saw the 
Essex the day she arrived, ghde majestically along in stately 
pride by our house; and reflected that my darling boy was 
in her, escaped from the perils of the ocean; I would not 
have exchanged the night for a view of the Falls of Niagara; 
or of Napoleon in all his glory, with the Empress, and the 
King of Rome to boot; nay, more not even to see myself 
married to Mr. Jefiferson would not please me as well as I 
was then. Eight tedious months had I indured the uneasiness 
which a mother must feel who has any thing to do with these 
amphibious animals; when the beautiful ship made her ap- 
pearance; and restored to my heart that long absent guest, 
tranquility ; for that day eight months that she left our Capes, 
she anchored at Norfolk ; and my beloved tars amiable com- 
mander, soon permitted him to visit me ; he had a great deal 
to talk of ; but he did not like Othello tell of the Anthropophagy, 
or men whose heads upon their bosoms grow, he only told me 
probable tales. Since their return, the Secretary of the Navy 
gave Captain Smith his choice, either to continue in the Essex, 
or take command of the Congress ; which is a larger, and better 
ship; he chose the latter, and as he knows I wish my sailor 
boy to remain with him, he was kind enough to get him ordered 
to that also; and he is now gone on to Washington, to get 
on board the Congress; which is at present refitting at that 
place; and it will probably be some months before I see him 
again ; but as long as I can hear frequently from him, I will 
try to be satisfied ; but when the vast Atlantic rolled between 
us, I found it impossible to be so. You will perhaps my dear 
girl be surprised, that I could leave my two pets, Sally, and 
her son, exposed to the dangers of the Norfolk diseases; but 
this is not the case; her careful husband, was preparing to 
carry her for a trip up the Bay and promised me to set off 
in two days after I left them ; and I have this day received 
a letter from the Captain, informing me that he was as good 
as his word, and that both of those dear objects were now 
in a very healthy part of the world ; and he flattered himself 
they would find great advantage from their little voyage, and 
the salubrious air they now breathe. I should have felt quite 



■17 O] V. 






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^rit M; 



348 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

unhappy at the necessity which forced me to come away from 
them ; if I had not have known, that I left my beloved daughter 
in more careful hands than my own ; for tho' it may appear 
strange, and unaccountable to you to hear it ; yet I assure 
you it is true, most true, and strange as true, that her good 
man exceeds me so far in care, solicitude, and apprehensions 
about her, that I cannot help laughing at him frequently for 
his needless fears ; for he is always like a tender mother, 
fancying every thing will hurt her, and trying to guard her 
fro mdanger. You cannot my dear Rachel, imagine the de- 
light it gives me, when I witness so many proofs of his ardent 
love; and am convinced from every action of hers, that it is 
reciprocal; for I may truly say of them in the words of Eloisa, 
sure this is bliss, if bliss on earth there be; for never did I 
see two people more devoted to each other. I have this mo- 
ment received an invitation to dine out ; and notwithstanding 
it is my ague day, I feel so young and lively, that I shall 
venture to go ; hoping my troublesome companion will be 
too polite, to attack a beautiful young belle when she is dis- 
playing her airs, and graces ; and putting on all her charms to 
fascinate the beaux; but if it should make its unwished for 
appearance, I shall be as much at my ease as I am here ; for 
my visit is to my niece Maria Bradfute; and as it is almost 
time for me to begin to decorate my Sylph like figure, for the 
trip ; I am obliged to write in such a hurry, with a continual 
noise, and perpetual interruptions that you must excuse all the 
imperfections you will observe in this scrawl. Your amiable 
brother, my valued Sam ; with his usual friendly attention has 
visited me several times since I came to Richmond ; and when 
I last saw him, he informed me he should set off in a few 
days to Warrenton. Oh, how sincerely do I wish it was in 
my power to accompany him ; for I can truly say, it would 
be one of the greatest pleasures I could enjoy, to be once more 
in the midst of your beloved family; mutually participating 
all the delights of friendly converse, and unbounded confidence ; 
we would then talk of the days of other years, which are 
pleasing tho' mournful to the soul ; and then to chase away 
distressing reflections ; around my chair an evening group 



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KEN'NON LETTERS 349 

I draw, and tell of all I thought and all I saw, since our 
melancholy parting, the morning I quitted your little village to 
return to it no more as a resident; the sensations I always 
experience, when I think of those days which preceeded my 
departure; 1 find so acute, that I invariably try to turn my 
thoughts into another channel ; but so ardently do I long to 
see you all, that I would if it was in my power, indure the 
sight of Davyson, and my other enemies; for the satisfaction 
I should feel, when I embraced my friends; and if no untoward 
occurrence prevents, 1 will take a flying trip while I am in 
^Mecklenburg, to assure you all by word of mouth; how dear 
you all are to my heart. When I left Norfolk I told Sally 
I would if possible go to Warrenton before I returned; she 
iiegged I would do so ; and desired me to assure you all ; that 
nothing but her husbands company, which she has it now in 
her power to enjoy, as he will be some time in port; should 
prevent her from visiting you also ; but he cannot leave his 
vessel, and she cannot leave him ; so you see my dear what a 
Necromancer matrimony is ; and how soon it can change a 
wild, thoughtless, giddy girl, who appeared to set love at 
defiance, into a fond domestic creature ; who is never happy ; 
but when like Darby and Joan she and the lord of her affec- 
tions are together. Who knows but in a few years, I may see 
you and Ellen in the same predicament? if so I wish sin- 
cerely you may both be as happy as your friend. The news- 
papers informed me that Mr. A. C. Miller is married; and 
notwithstanding I cannot forget, yet I do so sincerely forgive, 
that he has my hearty wishes ; that many years of unin- 
terrupted happiness may be the portion of him and his Mary ; 
and to make his felicity perfect, I wish him a parcel of charm- 
ing little (jnes, to be a comfort to him in his old age ; for a 
marriage is never completely happy, without those pledges of 
affection. I find Moses is incorrigible ; and that he is de- 
termined not to encourage me to write ; well, I am not the 
first old simpleton, who has found herself deceived when 
flattered with the expectation of being very agreeable to a 
young beau ; she has exerted all her energies to retain him in 
her snares ; well, well, what cant be cured must be indured ; 



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350 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

that is all I can say to it. Ellen too an inconstant chit, has 
neglected me I suppose for a younger correspondent ; she 
may easily get a more pleasing one ; but never one who loves 
her better. I am extremely anxious to proceed on my journey 
to the back woods, for so I imagine a Norfolk lady must ex- 
press herself, I have not seen Erasmus for eighteen months; 
which is much longer than I ever was separated from one of 
my children before ; I am also impatient to see my dear little 
George, who I am told is a fine fellow. Do my much loved 
girl write to me immediately ; that I may get your letter be- 
fore I leave this city ; otherwise it may never come to hand, 
as I shall be continually going from one place to another ; to 
pay my respects to my numerous acquaintances, who will all 
think I treat them ill, if I do not ask them how they do; 
after such a long absence. My foe is making its chilly ap- 
proaches ; I feel it too plainly to doubt his intentions ; I must 
therefore say farewell before my hand begins to shake so 
much ; as to prevent my assuring you, and every member of 
your beloved family ; that I am very sincerely, truly, and 
affectionately ; theirs and yours 



E, B. Kennon. 



Did you ever see such a scrawl? 



Miss Rachel Mordecai, 
Warrenton, 
North Carolina, 

(To l)e continued) 



I(a iliv/ 01... . , ....... ' ■''>9qr-,i. ■ ,, v 

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VIRGINIA GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND 351 



VIRGINIA GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND 



Contributed by Reginald M. Glencross, 176 Worple Road, 
Wimbledon, London, S. W. 20, England. 



(Continued) 
William Hopkins. 

William— Archbp., etc., to James Hopkins brother of Wil- 
liam H., late of Virginia; but in pish of St. Dunstan in the 
West, London, bachelor dec. greeting. Whereas sd. W. Hop- 
kins (as is alleged) made his will & left same in Virginia 
and is since dead. Grant of Admon. therefore, to you until 
original last will or an authentic copy thereof be brought 
to the Registry. Ruth Hopkins widow, the mother first re- 
nouncing. 
Dat. 12 Feb. I734[5]- 

P. C. C, A. A. B., Feb. 1734-35- 

[In volume I, pp. 122, 123, of the Virginia Historical Register for 
July, 1848, is printed an account of William Hopkins, an eminent 
member of the Virginia bar, taken, originally, from '"Sir John Ran- 
dolph's Breviate Book." 

"In a few Days afterwards [in Dec, 1734] in London died William 
Hopkins, Esq., who had practice in this Court about 12 years and 
in that Time by hard Study and Observation he made a surprising 
Progress; became a very ingenious Lawyer and a good Pleader, tho' 
at his first coming he was raw and much despised. But he had a 
Carelessness in his Nature, which preserved him from being discouraged, 
and carried him on till he came to be admired. He had a good Foun- 
dation in School Learning', understood Latin and French well, had a 
strong Memory, a good Judgment, a Quickness that was very visible; 
and a handsome Person, all mighty advantages. But his manner 
was awkward, his Temper Sower, if it was to be judged by the Action 
of his M'uscles ; and was given, was too much given to laugh at his 
own Discourses. 

When he brought himself into good Business, he almost totally neg- 
lected it, which I believe was owing to a Desire of Dipping into all 
kinds of Knowledge, wherein he had a great Deal of Vanity, and 
prevented his Digesting what he had, so well as he would have done 
otherwise. He had many good Qualities in Practice; was moderate 






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352 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

in his Fees ; Ingenious and Earnest, never disputed plain Points, but 
was a candid fair arguer, yet he had a laiHng which brought him to 
a Quarrel with me. It was an odd Sort of Pride that would not 
suffer him to keep an Equilibrium in his own Conceits. He could 
not see himself admired, without thinking it an Injury to him to stand 
upon a Level with any other. And therefore tho' I was always his 
Friend, had done him many Kindnesses, and he himself thought hnii- 
self obliged to me. He came into so ill a Temper, as not to allow 
me either Learning or Honesty, which broke our acquaintance, and 
after that I thought I discovered some Seeds of Malice in him. He 
died in the Flower of his Age, and may be justly reckoned a Loss to 
this poor Country, which is not like to abound (at present at least) 
in Great Geniuses."] 



Edward Braie, of Shortniead in p'ish of Bigleswade co. 

Will dat. I Dec. 1612 Beds. [Bedfordshire]. My freehold 
ten'int in Nether Calcote in occup'on of widow Browne in 
p'ish of Northill, Beds., to be sold, also freehold lands in 
Stratton Holme & Holmeside in p'ish of Bigleswade, Beds. 
To my second son William B. in fee 20 acres of freeh. land 
lately purchased of William Retchford & Nicholas Bray. To 
my eldest dau'r. Annys B. 100 marks at 21 or marriage, also 
£10 which was the gift of her grandmother Johan Angell. 
To my second dau'r. Mary B. 100 marks at 21 or marriage, 
also £20 which was gift of her grandmother John Angell. 
To my dau'r. Elizabeth Bray 100 marks at 21 or marriage 
& ±10 more which was the gift of her grandmother Johan 
xAngell. My eldest son Mark B. not to enter on copyhold 
lands till he be 21. To poor of Bigleswade 13s. 4d. & to 
Ringers 5s. To William Hunt, Edward Retchford & my 
godson Edwardes & my godson Luke my godchildren 2s. 6d. 
a piece & Edward Fisher & Edward Sawyer my godchildren 
12 (£ or s?) a piece. To my man Thomas Luffe 5 s. & 
to my maid Elizabeth Lewis 5s. To my maid Annys Ancell 
1 2d. Rest of goods to my wife Elizabeth & she to be ext'rix. 
My faithful uncle Clarke & cousin his son John C. & my 
friend John Smarte of Bigleswade to be overseers & to them 
5s. a piece. If my wife refuse to prove will, my brother 
Robert Astwood to be exor. JVitncsscs: Robert Hinde, John 
Angell X, Thomas LufTe X. 
Proved 5 May 161 3 by Elizabeth Astwoode ext'rix. in sd. 



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VIRGINIA GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND 353 

will named. This was originally written "Johannis Astwood". 
"Johannis" was crossed out & "Elizabeth" substituted but 
"iVstwood" left in error. 

[The Probate Cert, book has a similar faulty correction. Both in 
Register and in Act Book is a note stating the correction was made in 
Oct. 1620, but there is nothing in the Act Book for Oct. 1620 re- 
ferring to this testator. — R. M. G.] 

Capcll, 44. 

[Edward Bray, of Biggleswade, was probably an ancestor, and cer- 
tainly of the same family as Robert and Plumer Bray, of Lower 
Norfolk County, Va. See this magazine, XXVI, 280, for will of 
Edward Bray, of Biggleswade (1656) and note.] 



Anthony Beheatiiland. 

Sentencia condemnatoris in negotio Compoti bonorum An- 
thony I'eheathland. 

In Dei Nomine Amen. Auditis . . . per nos . . magistrum 
custodem, . . . nieritis . . negotii exhibitionis Inventarii . . bon- 
orum . . . Anthony Beheathland nuper . . parochiae Sancti 
Martini iuxta Lowe in Com. Cornubiae . . quod coram nobis 
in judicio inter Georgium B. et Robertum B. fratres . . dicti 
defuncti partes . . j^romoventes ex una et Ursulam B. re- 
lictam et administricem . . , bonorum . . eiusdem defuncti 
partem contra quem idem negotium promovetur partibus ex 
altera . . . vertebatur . . . [Procurator dictae U. B. relictae et 
administratrices] exhibuit An account of U. B. relict & admix 
of goods . . of A. B. . . of G. M. by C. . . . gent . . . Nos . . . 
prenominatam U. B. non nulla bona . . dicti A. B. , . ex Com- 
pute , . . omisisse . . et . recipisse . . bona . . . extendentia 
. . ad suman £685 5s. eandem U. B, . . £147 . . per earn in- 
disposita . . pronunciamus . . et condemnamus U. B. . . ad 
debitam . . solutionem earundem . . 12 July 161 7. 

Weldon, 73. 

[Translation] 

Sentence Condemnatory in the matter of an Account of the 
goods of Anthony Beheathland. 



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354 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

In the Name of God Amen. We the Master Keeper . . 
having heard the merits . . of the matter of the exhibiting of 
an account of the goods of Anthony Beheathland late of the 
parish of St. Martin by Lord Cornw. which depended before 
us in judgement between George B. & Robert B. brothers of 
sd. dec. plfifs. of the one part & Ursula B., relict & admi'x 
of goods of same dec, deft, of the other part . . , [The proctor 
of sd. U. B. relict & admix] exhibited "An Account of U. B. 
relict & admix, of goods of A, B. of S. M. by L. . . . gent." 
We . . pronounce that the sd. U. B. has omitted some of the 
goods of sd. A. B. from the Account & has received goods 
amounting to £685. 5 & that the sd. U. B. has £147 by her 
undisposed of & we condemn the sd. U. B. to their due pay- 
ment 12 July 1617. 

P. C. C, Adm. Act Book, 161 5-8, p. 22. 

Anthony Beheathland of St. Martin by Lowe Cornw. (Exon.) 
Adm. 2 June 161 5 to relict Ursula B. 

22 May 1618 Caveat entered by Robert Beheathland for pay- 
ment of £80 among the relations of the dec. according to the 
order of the Lord Judge. 
[No further ref. in Calr. to 1618.] 

[Members of this Cornish family were early in Virginia. See this 
Magazine. XI, 363. In 1628, Dorothy Beheathland, step-daughter of 
Lt. Thomas Flint, was Uving in Elizabeth City County. She had a 
grandmother then living in England. Robert Nicholson, of London, 
merchant, who owned a plantation in Warwick County, gave, in his 
will, dated Nov. 10, 1651, bequests to Mrs. Mary Bernard, of Warwick 
County, widow, and to her daughter, Beheathland Bernard. Rev. 
Thomas Butler, of Warwick County, in his will dated Nov. 20, 1636, 
made bequests to "Mr. Thomas Barnett" [Bernard] and to his wife, 
Mary. Their daughter, Beheathland Bernard, married, 1st, Major John 
Smith (whose real name was Francis Dade, and 2d, Andrew Gilson. 
See William and Mary Quarterly. XXIII, 292, 293.] 



William Shropshire of Chateulne co. Stafford, yeoman. 

Will dat. I July 161 2. To be buried in churchyard of Eccle- 
shall. Whereas I have assured all my lands to my sons Simon 
S. & John S. in bail in default as I sh'd. appoint by will. 
Same therefore, in such default, to my 2 neices Tymysin 



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VIRGINIA GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND 355 

Brimer dau'r. of James B. late of Chebsic, Staffs, dec. & 
Johane his wife dec. & of [sic rectus to] Phillipp Smyth 
dau'r. of Roger S. late of Breisenhill in p'ish. of Haughton 
dec. & of Margaret his wife, in fee equally. To my son Simon 
S. 5s. as his child's part. Rest of goods to my son John S. 
& he to be ex'or. Dared at Chateulne afs'd. JVitnesscs: 
VVm. Iremonger, Walter Barbour, John Broughton jun. 
Proved 13 Feb. 161 2-3 by John S. son & ex'or. 

Capell, 13. 

[It is not known whether the testator was ancestor of this Vir- 
ginia family of the name, whose emigrant ancestor was a native of 
Wiltihire. St. John Shropshire, son of OHver Shropshire, of Marl- 
borougii, Wilts., gent, matriculated at Magdalene Hall, Oxford, April 
9, 1685, aged 19, and took his B. A. from Queen's College in 1688, 
as John Shropshire. St. John Shropshire (doubtless the same as the 
Oxford man) was minister of Washington parish, Westmoreland 
County, Va., in 1704. In this year he signed an address of the clergy 
to the Governor as JoJin Shropshire. He died in 1718. The inventory 
of his estate filed in Westmoreland in that year includes "i large 
book press" £4, and "a large library of books" i6o. On Nov. 16, 
1718, Elizabeth, widow of St. John Shropshire, stated to the court 
that he made no will. Her son, St. John Shropshire, offered for pro- 
bate a nuncupative will, which was judged not authentic, and therefore 
the said Elizabeth and St. John were appointed administrators. F^liz- 
abeth Stonehouse in her will dated April 14, 1738 and proved in West- 
moreland, Dec. I, 1742, left her estate to her sons, St. John and Win- 
field Shropshire. Whether she was widow of Rev. St. John Shrop- 
shire or of one of his sons is not known. Walter Shropshire gave 
bond in Orange County Sept. 2, 1751, as guardian of John and Ann 
Shropshire, orphans of John Shropshire, deceased. Of course this 
John Shropshire may have had other children. John and Ann were 
the minors. A license was issued in Orange, Dec. 4, 1757, for the 
marriage of John Shropshire and Mary Part [portion of word illegible]. 
On Dec. 17, 1772, Walter Shropshire, of Craven Co., S. C, made a 
deed, recorded in Orange, to John Shropshire, of Orange County, Va. 
There is a marriage license. Orange, 1773, for Joseph Bain Johnson 
and Elizabeth Shropshire. 

This is all the record evidence which has been noted. Doubtless 
a thorough examination of the records of Westmoreland and Orange 
would give more information. 

The Shropshire family has scattered widely through the South and 
West. Their traditions as regard to the early generations of the 
family are so confused and contradicting as to be of no value. It 
should have been added to the record evidence given above, that on 
Jan. I, 1778, William Shropshire of Henry County took the oath of 
allegiance. 

An account, dated 1910, from Mr. Franklin Shropshire, of Lees- 
burg, Ky., says, "My father. Col. B. N. Shropshire, \yas born in 
Bourbon Co., Ky., Nov. 8, 1798, his father Joe Shropshire was born 
in Clarke Co., Ky., who was a son of John Shropshire, a native of 



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356 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Virginia, who afterwards settled in Clark County, Ky. John Shrop- 
shire's father was an Englishman." 

The following account, dated 1910, is from Mrs. Laura D. Shrop- 
shire, Avon, Ky. : 

"Record of the Shropshire family of Kentucky as handed down to 
the present generation by older members of the family. 

Tradition says that John Shropshire migrated from England to Vir- 
ginia and that his wife was a Miss Campbell from Scotland, but we 
have not the date of his arrival, but know it was far enough back 
for one or more of his grandsons to serve in the Revolutionary War 
several years, and his daughter (Mrs. Elizabeth Switzer) is supposed 
to be the only Daughter of the Revolution now in the state of Ken- 
tucky. The son of the above John Shropshire, also named John, 
migrated from Virginia to Kentucky some time between 1780 and 1790, 
bringing with him his wife, Mollie Porter Shropshire, eleven sons and 
two daughters, named as follows : Walker, Abner, James, William, 
Benjamin, John, Joseph, Jerry, Edward, George, Moses, Nancy and 
Betsy. Nancy married Lewis Smith and Betsy married Hawkins 
Smith, but the Smiths were not related by blood. 

John Shropshire and his family settled in that part of Kentucky 
now known as Bourbon, Clark and Harrison Counties. The family 
is now a very large one scattered over a number of Western states 
and the Southern states, especially Texas. 

The family of Benjamni Shropshire, who was our great grand- 
father. 

Benjamin, son of John Shropshire was born in Orange Co., Va., 
1763. Benjamin married Elizabeth Hoyle, of King George Co., Va., 
who was born July 3, 1767. To this marriage only one son lived. 
John Elliott Shropshire was born in Bourbon Co., Ky., March 19, 
1795 and married Rebecca Hutchinson, also of Bourbon Co., Ky., who 
was born March 20, 1797. 

The children born to John E. Shropshire and Rebecca Shropshire 
that lived to maturity were : 

Augustus Shropshire, born Aug. 18, 1817, died 1896. James H. 
Shropshire, born May 21st, 1822-1903. Benjamin Shropshire, born 
March 24, 1826-1867. Augusta Elizabeth Shropshire, born Dec, 8, 1828- 
1884. Gabrielia Rebecca Shropshire, born March 18, 1831-1862. John 
Samuel Shropshire, born April 23, 1833 and was killed as a Major 
of his regiment (in 1862) in a part of the Southern army sent to 
New Mexico. 

James H. Shropshire, 1822-1903, was married to Lucy A. Ware 
in 1850. Lucy Arabella Ware, born 1830- 1876. Their children were 
eight in number, but only five lived to be grown. John Clifton Shrop- 
shire, George Ware Shropshire, 1853-1853, Mary Ware Shropshire 
(Simpson), Nancy Ware Shropshire (Weathers), Ella Shropshire, 
1858-1865, Katherine D. Shropshire (Field), James H. Shropshire, Jr., 
died in infancy, Laura D. Shropshire. 

John Clifton Shropshire in 1882 married Sallie Kinnaird, of Fay- 
ette Co., Ky. Their only child was James Kinnaird Shropshire, 1884.- 
Hc married Nellie Shirley of Mt. Sterling, Ky. in 1904. Their children 
are: James Shirley Shropshire, 1906- ; Lawrence K. Shropshire, 1909-. 

Mary Ware Shropshire married James Madison Simpson in 1885 and 
their only living child is Laurance Shropshire Simpson, born 1888. 

Nancy Ware Shropshire married William T. Weathers in 1887. 

Katherine D. Shropshire married David L Field, 1891. Their children 
are: Lucy Ware Field, 1891-; David L Field, Jr., 1895-." 



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VIRGINIA GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND 357 

An account from another source also dated 1910, follows : 
"Winkfield Shropshire came to America from England as a mis- 
sionary from the "High Church of England," about the year 1745. 
His wife came with him (she was a Miss Moore of Welsh descent) 
and settled in Va. They had thirteen children, eleven boys and two 
girls. Three of the sons lost their lives in the Revolutionary War 
in Va. Mrs. Shropshire also died in Va. Winkfield Shropshire moved 
from Va. to Ga. in 1780. He died in Oglethorpe Co., Ga., in 1798, 
and was buried on the "Academy Lands," being the first grave made 
on this plot of ground. His sons were named William, Winkfield, 
John, Joshua, Bartholomew, Walter and Spencer. (Names of four sons 
lost to memory.) Names of daughters, Penelope and Sally. Spencer 
Shropshire married Miss Frances Pollard of Halifax Co., Va., Jan. 
8, 1800. Mrs. Frances Pollard Shropshire was a daughter of' Mrs. 
Tabitha Collins Pollard (Collins being her maiden name). Spencer 
Shropshire with his wife also settled in Oglethorpe Co., Ga. They 
had six sons, Wesley, Joshua, Jacob, Seaborn, John and Monroe; two 
daughters, Cynthia and Malinda. Wesley Shropshire married a Miss 
Swanson. They had two sons. Jack and Francis Callaway. Francis 
Callaway married Miss Mary Wright, daughter of Hon. F. R. Wright, 
of Rome, Ga." 

A member of the family entering in 1912 says: 

Rev. William Shropshire, a native of Virginia, was educated in 
Europe and returned in 1740 with his wife Susan Collins, of Wales. 
She soon died, leaving a son, Alexander. Rev. William married 2d, 
Mary Edris Witherspoon. who died in one year, leaving a son,' 
John Witherspoon Shropshire, whose descendants live in Aberdeen! 
Miss., Centa, Ala., and at Washington and Rives, Tenn. Rev. William 
married about 1743-44 Cynthia Winkfield of Henry Co., Va. [a county 
not m existence until about 30 years later] and died at the home of 
his son William Shropshire, Jr., at Washington, Wilks Co., Ga., in 
1788. [The fact that there was a Winfield Shropshire in Westmoreland 
in 1738 makes this third marriage very doubtful— that is as to the 
name of the 3rd wife.] Winkfield Shropshire, son of Rev. William 
Shropshire, by his 3rd marriage, married, in 1770, Abigail Spencer 
Moore, widow of Frederick Moore of Westmoreland, daughter of John 
Spencer, of Cobham, Albemarle, and granddaughter of John Spencer, 
of Westmoreland. [There was a family of Moore in Westmoreland; 
but the name Frederick does not appear in any abstracts of wills! 
In Albrmarle in 1781 John Spencer sold a tract of land on Moore's 
Creek. 1 Mrs. Shropshire died in Albemarle in 1779. The eldest son 
of Winkfield and Abigail Shropshire, Spencer Shropshire, was born 
in Fairfax County, Va., in 1774, and died at Cuthbert, Randolph Co., 
Ga., m 1833. Spencer Shropshire, youngest son. W. M. Shropshire, 
aged 9S, now [1912I lives in Rome, Ga. Spencer Shropshire's eldest 
son, Wesley Shropshire, was born April 3. iSon, near Lexington, Ogle- 
thorpe Co., Ga., and died in Chatonga Co., Ga., aged 98 years and 
months. (The account was from Wesley Shropshire's granddaughter 
Mrs. W. C. Henson, of Cartersville, Ga.). 

This same lady gave an account, evidently traditional, that Rev. Wm. 
Shropshire was born in Va. about 1708 and after the death of his 
father, Rev. St. John Shropshire, went to England with his mother 
"Mane de Sarentine," widow of Lewis de Sarentine of France. [As 
Rev. St. John Shropshire's widow was named Elizabeth, it is difficult 
to see how such a tradition as this one could have originated.] 

The accounts of members of the family living as late as the Revo- 



ov^n »:h 'n 5t6i 



358 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

lution are no doubt correct, as well as those of their descendants. The 
John Shropshire who emigrated to Kentucky was probably the John 
Shropshire, orphan of John Shropshire referred to in the Orange Co. 
records in 1751. Benjamin, son of the emigrant to Ky., was born in 
Orange. William Shropshire, whose ministerial designation may have 
come from tradition, confusing him with Rev. St. John Shropshire, was 
probably the William Shropshire, of Henry County, 1778, as "Rev. Wil- 
liam Shropshire" is said to have married Miss Winkfield, of Henry. Only 
the Westmoreland records could show how William Shropshire de- 
scended from St. John.] 



John Gooche of Great Yarmouth co. Norf., marchant. 

Will dat. 25 July 1617. To my wife Margaret for bring- 
ing up of my children all my messuages & lands, fishowses, 
salthowses, etc. in Y. afsd, which I purchased of John Felton, 
for her Hfe, remainder to my son Robert G. in fee. To sd. 
wife M. for same purpose my 2 messuages I lately purchased 
of Augustin Youngs, late of Y. afsd. dec. & of Gilbert Hill 
of same town, the former till my son Robert be 21, the latter 
till my son John be 21. Robert at 21 to have former messuage 
during life of my wife M. & on her death, sd. messuage to 
my son John in fee. My son John to have latter messuage 
during life of my sd. wife & at her death sd. messuage to 
my son Robert in fee. Rest of estate to my wife M. to pay 
debts etc, surplus to be paid to my overseers for, benefit of my 
wife & children. Sd. wife M. to be ext'rix. She to permit 
all personal estate that shall come to her by death of Nicholas 
Dannock her late father dec, to remain for performance of 
my will. If she refuse all her legacies etc. to William Gooche, 
Robert G., Clement G. my brethren & to Charles Rawlyns 
my brother-in-law whom I ordain supervisors & to be ex'ors 
on sd. wife's refusal. Witnesses: Charles Gooche, Thomas 
Holland, Roger Gooche. 

Proved 21 Aug. 1617 by Margaret relict & ex'trix. 
Adm. c. t. a. 4 May 1621 to Charles Rawlins husband of 
Anne R. sister of Margaret G. relict & ex'trix d. b. n. a. by 
sd. M. G. dec. during min. of Robert, John, Anne, Margaret, 
Bridget & Mary G. childre nof dec. 

Weldon, 80. 



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VIRGINIA GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND 359 

William Gooch of Metfeld co. Suffolk, the younger. 

Nuncupative. Will dat. 25 Feb. 1604. Oratio obliqua. All 
goods to his wife Jane towards bringing up of his children 
& she to be ex'trix. Nicholas Gooch & Bartholomew Style 
his brother & brother in law to be supervisors. Bartholomew 
Stiles clerk, Gregory Smithe & Robert Kepus to be witnesses. 
Signed by these. 
Proved 13 June 1605 by Jane G. relict & ex'trix. 

Hayes, 48. 

[The two Gooch wills above are additional material towards a 
genealogy of the family to which Governor Sir William Gooch and 
(probably) Major William Gooch and Henry Gooch, of York County, 
belonged. John Gooch, of Yarmouth, was doubtless nearly related to 
Governor Gooch. See this Magazine, XXXII, 125, 142, 143, 179-181. 
The two wills show that Robert Gooch (p. 179) had a son Clement, 
and John Gooch (above) had a brother Clement. John (1617) names 
a son Robert.] 



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360 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



VIRGINIA STATE TROOPS IN THE 
REVOLUTION 



(Continued from Vol. XXXII, p. 187.) 



1776 To cash paid Bembridge Godwin 
April 25 for Samuel Hunt for Provisions 
Etc furnished Guard at Barretts 
Point 3 1 1 

Ditto paid Ditto for Damon Daley 

for a gun 2 10 

Ditto paid Stephen Mitchell balance 
of his account as Q. Master and 
for Necessaries furn'd the Troops 

at York 12 ii 

26 Ditto paid James Carter for Cham- 
pion Travis for Building a Guard 
House at the mouth of Queen 
Creek 10 

Ditto paid John Marks for H. 
Gains for a gun & Repairing 
Arms 4 16 

Ditto paid Ditto for Captain Fon- 
tain for his Expenses in Adver- 
tising a stolen Rifle belonging to 
the public i " 

Ditto paid John Ogilby for 2 guns 

furnished Cap- Mead's Com'' 6 " 

Ditto paid Ditto for T. Drinkwater 

& Ben Ward for 2 guns 6 " 

Ditto paid Joseph Eggleston for a 

gun furnished the public 4 " 



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VIRGINIA STATE TROOPS IN THE REVOLUTION 361 

Ditto paid Thomas Keith for Sun- 
dry Persons for Provisions fur- 
nished Capf Shelton's and Ash- 
by's Companies 23 9 " 

Ditto paid Henry Field, say Thom- 
as Walker for Thomas Weshart 

for Express hire 5 9 3 

27 Ditto paid John Singleston for Ex- 
press hire 10 " " 

Ditto paid Edmund Barrase for a 

Rifle gun 4 " " 

Ditto paid Charles Hayes for a 

Rifle 6 " " 

Ditto paid Jos. Abraham for T, 
Holliday Provisions to the Louisa 
Regulars 3 19 " 

Ditto paid Thomas Hutchings for 

pay of his Comp' 28 Feb 47 13 8j^ 

Ditto paid Peter Dunn for Pay of 

Cap" Gregory's Com' Do 140 15 " 

Ditto paid Richard Harrocks for a 

gun furnished the Army i 10 " 

Ditto paid Thomas Patterson for 
Rations & Necessarys to his 
Company of the 6'" Reg' to 28 
Febru' 143 4 " 

29 Ditto paid Samuel Wren for a Rifle 

gun furnished the Public 4 " " 

Ditto paid Sach"' Gilliam for a Rifle 

Sold the public 45" 

30 Ditto paid Joseph Jones for Arms 

furn'd 3'* Reg" 11 5 " 

Ditto paid Ditto for a gun furnished 

the Army 3 

Ditto paid Robert Rackerstraw for 

Cap- Hutchings for Provision 

Wagon hire Etc. to his Com' 

from Potsylvania 136 " " 



t Q 2 

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362 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Ditto paid Henry Croucher for a 

Rifle Gun 5 10 " 

Ditto paid Thomas Pate for repair- 
ing Arms 8 8 10 

Ditto paid Sarah Spotswood for 

nursing 2 Officers i 10 " 

Ditto paid Cap" James Greer for 
Sundry Cloathes belongs to his 
Company & Burnt to prevent 

spreading Small pox 38 8 6 

May I Ditto paid Richard Ludlow for 

Waggonage public stores 726 

Ditto paid John Hodge for a Gun 

and Bayonet 3 " " 

Ditto paid George Muter upon 
Ace* for the purchase of Arms 
and Materials for Hero Galley... 100 " " 

Ditto paid Joseph Eggleston for 

Wood furnished the Army 112 3 10 

Ditto paid Thomas Massie for 3 

Guns furn'd the pub"^ ii 5 " 

2 Ditto paid Richard Graham for 
Cap" Washington balance of 
Bounty Money recruiting Ex- 
penses & Necessaries to his Com- 
pany 80 13 " 

Ditto paid Ditto for Helsop & 

Blair Sun*^' to the 3* Reg" i 4 " 

To cash paid Richard Graham for 
Doctor French for Mede» and to 
Cap" Westfall's Comp" i " 9 

Ditto paid Jonathan Prosser for 

Express hire 4 " " 

Ditto paid William Eggleston for 

Solomon Tessel for a gun 25" 

Ditto paid Phillip Moody for gun 

sticks 9 10 " 



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VIRGINIA STATE TROOPS IN THE REVOLUTION 363 

Ditto paid William Forster for 

Waggonage at Hampton 45" 

Ditto paid John Tabb for 900 

bushels Corn furn'd the pub-^ 67 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for Waggonage & 

Pole Axes to Ditto 82 10 " 

3 Ditto paid Ditto for Nathaniel 

Veneble for Provisions & Wag- 
gon hire to Capf Mortons Com- 
pany 56 " 9 

Ditto paid Ditto for Francis Wat- 
kins for a Rifle 5 

Ditto paid Ditto for the Support of 
a disabled Soldier 2 

Ditto paid Thomas Peyton for 
Colo' Fielding Lewis for a Pilot 
Boate purchased for the use of 
the Country 

Ditto paid Ditto for the pay of his 

Minute Cmopany 254 19 2 

Ditto paid Ditto for William Hall 

for Provisions Said Company 91" 

Ditto paid Richard Graham for 
Cunningham & C' for Sundry 
Beding to Capf Lee's Comp^ of 
the 3" Reg" 28 5 

Ditto paid Ditto for the same to 

Cap" Kussels Co'' 5'" Reg' 15 4 6 

Ditto paid John Edmundson for 

Henry Dunn & A. Smith for 2 

6 ft >> 
„ 

Ditto paid Billey H. Avery for 

Arms to Cap- Puffin's Com^^ 20 12 6 

4 Ditto paid Richard Taylor for a 

Guard at Sandy Point 43 

Ditto paid Fielding Lewis for 
James Hunter for Sundry En- 
trenching Tools 132 3 



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364 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Ditto paid Ditto for Richard Rich- 
ards for a gun 5 

Ditto paid Ditto for James Mercer 
for Sundries to the Continental 
Troops & Wood to the P. Wil- 
Ham Batf 15 3 

Ditto paid Ditto to James Keer for 

Nursing Sick Soldiers 3 8 

Ditto paid Ditto for Express hire.. i 16 

Ditto paid Ditto for 6 Months 

Salary as Pay Master 17 10 

Ditto paid Burgess Ball for use of 
Griffin Garland for Provisions 
furnished Sundry persons say 
Comp'"' 148 " 

(To be continued) 



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ALBEMARLE COUNTY MARRIAGES 



365 



ALBEMARLE COUNTY MARRIAGES 



(Concluded from Vol. XXXI, p. 338.) 



Moses Lawson & 

Sinclair Powel & 

Henry Lamb & 

William H. Parrott & 

Lewis Shiflett & 

Zachariah Connel & 

Alfred T\L Mallory & 

Thornton Marshall & 

John Rapp & 

Eli Howard & 

James Dunn & 

Alfred Lawson & 

Livingston Frazier & 

James Brian & 

Samuel Hall & 

James Gardener & 

Fielding Shiflett & 

Benjamin Sandridge & 

Berton Shiflett & 

Tabner Morris & 

Joseph Lawson & 

William Parrott & 

John W. Taylor & 

Kennel Shiplett & 

George Wolfe & 

Robert Ansel & 

Thomas Smith & 

Charles Going & 

Json W. Walton & 
William B. Black well & 



Rebecca Goodall 
Delilah Frazier 
Elizabeth Catterton 



Dec the 20th 

Dec the 31st 

Jan 2nd 1834 



IVIary Wilcox 
Eliza Keaten 
Drucilla Morris 
Nancy Williams 
Polly Shiplet 



January the 29th 

January the 30th 

Feb. the 6th 

Feb the 26th 

February the 27th 



Francis Ann Eliz Walton Mar nth 



Ann Marshall 
Elizabeth Gentry 
Frances Wyant 
Delithia Rosanber 
Elizabeth Fleck 
Elizabeth Dowel 
Mary Wood 
Mary Shiflett 
Salina Ellett 
Nancy Frazier 
Eliza Shiplett 
Selina Snow 



Ma)' the 22nd 

July the loth 

August the loth 

Aug the 19th 

October the ist 

Oct the 2nd 

October the 23rd 

Nov the 6th 

Nov the 20th 

December the ist 

Deceml^er the 25th 

Feb the 17th 1835 



Nancy F, Thompson Feb the 26th 
Joanna H. Taylor March the 12th 
Mary Ann Lawson March the 22nd 
Elian Ferguson April the 14th 

Harriet Boswell ^lay the 14th 

Elizabeth Harris June the 5th 

Matilda Middlebrook July the 30th 
Ann Dickerson August the nth 
Mary Elizabeth Simms Sep the loth 






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[if- 1 3r(J lliqA no?.U'^'^i>^ nilf.'d lii >gi05t) 



366 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



George W. Shurmond 
Sabret King 
Michael Sandridge 
Thompson Mason 
John D. Maupin 
Michael P. Moyers 
Hiram Via 
Nathaniel Gear 
Davis Shiflett 
John H. Frazier 
William Shiflett 
Obediah Snow 
Garret Morris 
Alias Shiflett 
Nelson Shiflett 
Austin Sandridge 
Benjamin Watson 
Taverner Marshall 
Joel Sandridge 
Ealey Olevar 
James C. Melton 
Reuben E. McDaniel 
Thomas M. Via 
Ryland Garrison 
Fountain Marshall 
Ansel Morris 
Fountain Morris 
Samuel Dowel 
John Shifflet 
Goiden Morris 
Johnson Lamb 
Caswell Collier 
Louden B. Bruce 
William Marshall 
Robert Smith 
Nathan Sandridge 
Pleasant Maupin 
John Watson 



& Eliza Catterton Oct the 12th ( ?) 

& Jurucia Herring Oct the 15th 

& Nancy Talor 

& Harriet Cave (O?) 

& Narciscia Davis 

& Susan Melone 

& Harriett A. Nalor 

& Sarah Lamb 



& July Morris 
& Mary J. Morris 
& Polly J. Shiflett 
& Nancy Watson 
& Sarah Baughker 
& Jincy Shiflett 
& Carry Davis 
& Sarah Sandridge 
& Eliza Hughs 



Nov the nth 
Jan 2 1st 1836 
March the 3rd 
March the 8th 
March the loth 
March the 23rd 
March the 24th 
April the 5th 
April the 12th 
April the 17th 
Aptil the 17th 
April the 21st 
May the 23rd 
August the 1 8th 
September the 8th 



& Airy Gibson September the 8th 
& Susan Wood September the 28th 
& Martha Rhodes October the 6th 
& Martha Pretchet Nov the 8th 



& Sally Dunn 
& Nancy J. Dunn 
& Rhody Keaton 
& Judith Gardner 
& Eliza Lamb 
& Patsey Morris 



December the 20th 

December the 20th 

Dec the 22nd 

Dec the 22nd 

Jan the 5th 1837 

Jan'r 12th 



& Lucy Ann Bingham January 19th 

& Matilda Lawson March the 21st 

& Margaret Douglas 

& Nancy Varnal 

& Elizabeth Haney 

& Lina Shiflett 

& Mary Ann Shackelford May 4th 

& Nancy Lamb May the 14th 

& Parmela Garrison August the 29th 

& Sarah Catterton August 31st 

& Macv Lamb September the 19th 



March the 23rd 
April the 25th 
April the 27th 
April the 30th 






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ALBEMARLE COUNTY MARRIAGES 



367 



Henderson Shiflet & 

Caleb Norris & 

Wiley Shiflet * & 

Lively Keaton & 

William Marshall & 

John Coatney & 

George Thrift & 

John B. Mallory & 

Frederick Wyant & 

James Jarrel & 

W^inston Marshall & 

Solomon Shiflett & 

Wootson Hall & 

Livly Morris & 
Livingston N. Stephens & 

Pleasant Sandridge & 

Asa Shiflett & 

Thomas Shearman & 

Smith Shiflett & 

James Frazier & 

Robert Turner & 

Ferril Shiflett & 

Rober Bryan & 

Garrot Morris & 

William Norris & 
Benjamin McCallister & 

Richard M. Hall & 

James Long & 

James L, Dunn &. 

John P'atterson & 

James Currier & 

Smith Davis & 

Mickelbery Roach & 

James Lamb & 
William Graham, Esq. & 

Harry Shiflett & 

Jackson Shiflett & 

VV^arner Lank ford & 



Milley Shiflet December 22nd 

Harlena Harris Dec the 22nd 

Margaret Shiflett Jan'r the 3rd 1838 
Sophia Shiflett Jan'r the 5th 

Malinda Lawson Jan'r the i8th 
Nancy Smith February the 4th 

Eliza Early February the 14th 

Elizabeth Roberts March the 8th 
Elizabeth Burns April the ist 

Kiziah Hufman April the i6th 



Jane Norford 
Frances Collier 
Sarah Wilkinson 
Kiziah Frazier 
Sarah Parrott 



July the 26th 

October i8th 

October the 30th 

November 27th 

November 28th 



Charlotte Wilkinson Dec 6th 

Jane Shiflett December the loth 
Ann E. Early December the 13th 



Sarah Shiflett 
Sarah J. Rucker 
Peapha Morris 
Catharine Morris 
Luraina Jollet 
ALirtha Mallory 
Mary Giboson 
Frances Wilkerson 
Lurainna Powel 
Sarah Beasly 
Carline Salmon 



December 20th 

Dec the 23rd 

Dec 27th 

Jan 15th 1839 

January the i6th 

January 24th 

January the 24th 

Nov 29th 

March 3rd 

May the 9th 

Sept the 19th 



Harriet Shiflett September the 29th 
Louisa Shiflett December the 19th 
Mary Snow Jan the 17th 1840 

Angelina Rucker Jan'r the 31st 

Izabella Craig April the 14th 

Lucinda C. P. Eddens the 14th ( ?) 
Carline Bateman June the i6th 

Harriet Bateman June the i6th 
Frances Fisher Walton July i6th 



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368 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



James Maiden 

Joseph Morris 

Stephen C. Shifflett 

John Gentry 

James Keaton 

Solomon Shiflets 

George Cohier 

Durrett Robert 

Jarril Morris 

Bevily Morris 

Nimrod J. Wood 

Angus McGee 

John Garrison 

Asa Goughker 

Piarden Shiflet 

Leroy Gibson 

James Goodall 

Ehhugh Mallory 

Austin Garrison 

Nicholas Shiflet 

John C. Davis 
Robert Ham 
James Riddle 
William Riddle 
Morton Shiflet 
Harrison Breading 
William J. ]\Iorris 
Parrott Elliott 
Riley Morris 
John Gibson 
Sampson Shiflet 
Henry Morris 
Henry Shiflet 
Theophilus Lawson 
Hiram Cave 
Michael Frazier 
Oville Allen 
Harrison Morris 



& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 

& 



Mary Ann Wyant August the 6th 
Polly Shiflett October the ist 

Mary M. Collier Oct the 28th 

Carlina Duglas December the 5th 
January 19th 1841 
Jan'r 21st 



Betsey Powel 
Winney Shiflet 
Susan Shiflet 
Amanda Lamb 
Virindy Morris 
Delila Morris 
Dosha A. T^Iaden 
Polly Shorb 
Delitha ^Monday 
Eliza Rucker 
Theodosha Ham 
Elizabeth Goodall 
Pyrena Gibson 



Jan'r the 21st 

February 4th 

]\Iarch the i8th 

April the 15th 

August the 19th 

October the 30th 

Dec the 22nd 

March the 14th 

May 19th 

Sept the 21st 

Sept the 22nd 

Nov the 15th 

Dec the 20th 



Nancy Collier 
Sarah Jane Taylor 
Nancy Lawson Jan the 11 day 1843 
Agnes Jane Roberd Jan the 12th 
Mary Duglass March the 27th 

Frances Riddle May the 25th 

Nelly Riddle May the 25th 

Rosalanea Shiflet June the 5th 

Sept the 19th 
Sept the 28th 
Oct the 5th 
Nov the 7th 
November the 9th 
December 28th 
Jan 1 6th 1844 
January the 25th 
April the i^^h 
June the 5th 
July the 4th 
Deem the 18th 
Dec the 19th 



Lucritia Morris 
Sally Shiflett 
Amanda A. Catterton 
Harriet Morris 
Rebecca Long 
Claussa Shiflet 
Leany Shiflet 
Ehza Morris 
Carline Herring 
Mad;(sa Shiflett 
Virinda Shiflett 
Sarah Ann Davis 
Caty Morris 



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369 



Luis Morris 
William F. Davis 

David W. Mills 
Haston Shiflett 
Meredith IMondy 
Thomas Jear 
Edmond May 
James Gentry 
Plasant Morris 
Laton Long 
Marshall Elliott 
Elijah Davis 
James W. Archer 
Richard Hall 



& Elvanda Morris 
& Ardena Wyant 
& Sarah E. Richards 
& Liddy Shiflett 
& Mahuldy Hall 
& Nancy J. Lamb 



Dec the 19th 

Dec the 31st 

Feb 20th 1845 

March the 30th 

April the 20th 

October the i6th 



& Evelina Snow October the 22nd 
& Luthana Sandridge Nov the 6th 
& Susan Frances Frazier Dec the 4th 
& Rebeca Jane Gibson Dec the 4th 
& Malinda Shiflett April the 9th 1846 
& Barbraia Shiflett April the 23rd 
& Nancy Roberts May the 10th 

& Sarah Givin July the 20th 



The above record is a true copy of the original marriage 
book of the Rev. John Gibson of Albemarle County, Vir- 
ginia, and contained in the pension case of (Rev.) John Gib- 
son, Rejected No. 3,996, Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C., 
and examined this 25th day of November, 1901. 

C. E, Godfrey. 



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370 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS, 1726-1753 



Vol. 605 — 1418. 



(Continued) 



At a Council held at the Capitol, the 3rd day of February, 1727 

Present 
The Hon''"' the Governour 
James Blair Richard FitzWilliam 

Cole Digges William Dandridge 

Peter Beverley and 

John Carter John Custis, Esqrs. 

On reading at this Board the petition of 
Spencer's peti- Abraham Spencer' praying that a Fine im- 
tion for remit- posed on him by King William County Court 
ting a fine re- in July last may be remitted It is ordered 
referred. that the Justices of the said Court may be 

required to Certify the manner of the prose- 
cution, and the proofs of the fact for which the petitioner was 
fined ; to the end this Board may be satisfied whether the 
Allegations of the petitioner concerning the Courts preceed- 
ings be true. 

The Governour communicated to the Coun- 
Governor of cil a Letter from Sr. Richard Everard Gov- 
North Caro- ernor of North Carolina proposing that liefore 
lina's letter the dividing line be run between the two Gov- 

with the an- ernments, it be agreed and declared that all 
swer thereto Grants made by either Government for lands 
read. within the controverted bounds, shall be con- 

firmed to the present possessors in which so- 
ever of the said Colonies the said lands shall happen to fall. 



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and the said letter being read together with the Governor's 
Answer thereto dated the 23d of January, It is the unanimous 
opinion of this Board that the said proposal ought not to 
be agreed to, and that the Answer given by the Governour 
to the aforesaid letter is conformable to the repeated Decla- 
rations of this Government, concerning the disposing of the 
lands within the controverted bounds whenever the same should 
come to be determined. 

On reading at this Board a Letter from the 
Letter from Right Hon"" the Lords Comm^' for Trade 
the Board of and Plantations, together with the opinion of 
Trade & his Majesty's Attorney and Solicitor General 

Opinion of the on the Case transmitted from hence, relating 
Attorney & to the fines & forfeitures claimed by the Pro- 

Soll'er General prietors of the Northern Neck within the Ter- 
concerning the ritory granted to them by Charter ; It is or- 
Northern Neck dered that the said Opinion be entered on the 
Read Council Books & in the Secretary's Office 

to which all persons concerned may have Re- 
course — 

February the 5th 1727 

Present 

The Governour 

James Blair Richard Fitz William 

Peter Beverley John Grymes 

John Carter William Dandridge 

John Custis Esqrs. 

Mr. John Blair The Governour was pleased with the advice 

appointed Navl & Consent of the Council, to Constitute & 

Officer in room appoint John Blair'' Gent Naval Officer of 

of Mr. Light- the Upper District of James River, in the 

foot dec'd. room of Francis Lightfoot Gent, deceased. 

Council The Minutes of Council from the Gover- 

Minutes nor's Arrival to the 14th of Decenr ; last in- 

Read elusive were this day read and approved. 



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2;]2 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

For preventing disputes & controversies 
Order con- which may arise by allowing Entry's im- 

cerning the mediately to be made for Lands lying within 

granting lands the controverted Bounds between this Colony 
within the & North Carolina, It is this day ordered by 

controverted the Governour with the advice of the Council 
bounds. that no Entrys be admitted for any of the 

lands lying within the bounds heretofore in 
controversy, untill upon the Report of the Commissioners ap- 
pointed for the determination of Boundarys, Rules shall be 
established for the more regular entring for the Said lands, 
and public notice thereof given throughout the Colony : And 
the Surveyors of the several Countys next adjoining to the 
said controverted bounds, are to take notice hereof, and to 
conform themselves accordingly — 

February the 6th. 1727 

Present 
The Governour 
Mr. Commis"'' Blair John Carter 

Peter Beverley Rich'd FitzWilliam 

John Robinson John Grymes & 

William Dandridge Esqrs. 

This day being appointed for the hearing a 
Private Dis- determining divers Controversy's arising on 
putes about the pretensions of Several Persons to Grants 
Lands heard. of his Majesty's Lands The Governour and 
Council preceeded thereon and the matter be- 
tween William Cradock, Gent and William Philips, planter, 
touching the grant of one hundred acres of Land in King 
William County, by consent of both parties is appointed to be 
heard at the Council to be held next Court of Oyer & Ter- 
miner,— 

Present John Custis Esqr. 

On reading at this Board the humble petition of Anne Major 
widow on behalf o f herself & the Children & Devisees of 
William Major her deceased husband, setting forth that her 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 373 

said husband about thirty five years ago, for a \'aluable Con- 
sideration purchased of one Daniel Workman a certain Tract 
of land in New Kent County containing by estimation 280 
acres and was immediately possessed thereof, but no Con- 
veyance ever acknowledged or recorded ; that some years after 
the said Workman departed this life, and the said William 
Major and the petitioner have been in peaceable possession 
of the same land ever since ; That one John Meux now de- 
ceased sued out an Inquisition of Escheat for the said land 
by which it is found that the same is escheated, and that tho' 
the pet- conceives she has a Right thereto, yet she is willing to 
take a patent on the said Escheat for strengthening her title ; 
and praying this Board to consider the equity of her pre- 
tensions ; It appearing by the Affidavit that pursuant to the 
order of this board the 14th. of December last due notice hath 
been given to Mr. Farrel the Executor of the last Will and 
Testament of the aforesaid John Meux and Gmardian to his 
Heir at Law to attend this Board and make out his Preten- 
sions ; and that he hath refused to concern himself in the 
prosecuting the said Escheat, It is ordered that a patent be 
granted for the land aforesaid to the said Anne Major, or 
to such of the Devises of the said William Major dec'd. as 
shall be agreed upon to take the same, and to make the 
division according to the will of their deceased father; they 
paying the fees and other Charges expended by Mr. Meux 
in prosecuting the said Escheat and also the composition due 
to his Majesty. 

On reading this day at the Board the several pretensions 
of George Woodroofif and Anne Arnold widow, in behalf of 
herself and of Rachel her daughter now the wife of Francis 
Arnold, to three hundred and eighty acres of Land lying 
on East No. East River in the County of Spotsylvania, Sur- 
veyed in the year 171 5 for Benjamin Arnold deceased, but 
no patent ever since sued out : It is the Opinion of this Board 
and accordingly Ordered, that the said George Woodrooff 
have a patent for the said land, upon his giving bond to con- 
vey the same to Anne the Daughter of the said Rachel Arnold 



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374 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

when she shall come of age or marry according to his in- 
tention this day signified to this Board. 

February the 8th. 1727 

Present 

The Governour 

Cole Digges Richard FitzWilliam 

Peter Beverley John Grymes 

John Robinson William Dandridge & 

John Custis, Esqrs. 

Several petitions for leave to take up and 
New Land Survey his Majesty's Lands, were read, and 

Granted. granted as follows viz : Thomas Bott^, for 

two hundred acres in Prince George County, 
beginning on the South side of Appomattox River below 
Smack's Creek and extending downwards to the Line of 
Essex Bevil on Saponie Creek. 

Henry Anderson* for two thousand two hundred acres join- 
ing on Henry Randolph and George Robinson on the branches 
of Smack's Creek in Prince George County — 

Henry Anderson for two thousand acres called the Beech- 
tree joining to James Powel Cocke's land on Nibb's Creek 
in the same County — 

John Anderson^ twelve hundred acres on both sides of 
Nibbs Creek joining to the land of Edward Booker in the 
Same County, 

Henry Anderson Jun' 2000 acres joining on the lands of 
John Anderson and James Powel Cocke on Nibbs Creek in 
the same County, 

William Kennon' for 1000 acres in the Same County join- 
ing on the land of William Pride on the So. side of Ap- 
pomattux River, 

Henry Wood' for 3000 acres between Willis's & Randolphs 
Creek in Henrico County, 

Seth Ward* for 5000 acres on the Northside Appomattux 
River in the Same County, beginning at a Hickory mark'd 
on four sides, and running up the said River to Green Creek, 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 375 

Thomas Randolph' for 3000 acres in the Same County be- 
ginning about a mile above Henry Gary's upper survey on 
Hatchers Creek, and extending on both sides of the said 
Creek to complete the quantity, 

Rene Laforce'" for 900 acres in Henrico County joining 
on the lands of Chastain and Dutoi, and to include the same 
in one patent, the same being already surveyed in two dis- 
tinct surveys, 

Henry Cary" for 3000 acres beginning on the Great Moun- 
tains of Willis's Creek in Henrico County and extending over 
the said Mountains to the two great branches which encom- 
pass the same, and so down the Creek to a white Oak marked 
HC to include the quantity, 

John Syme," John Anderson, Thomas Anderson and Richard 
Clough for 6000 acres in one or more Tracts on the branches 
of the River Byrd in Hannover County and joining on the 
land formerly granted to the said Syme, 

Ralph Crutchfield'" for 1500 acres in Hannover County 
including 400 acres surveyed for John Whately and assigned 
to the petitioner, with leave to include the whole in one patent, 

Thomas Tyler" for 3,000 acres beginning on the South fork 
of Terry's Run adjoining to the land of James Taylor and 
Joseph Hawkins in Spotsylvania County — 

Christopher Clark" for 2,500 acres on both sides of South 
Anna above deep creek in Hannover County — 

Peter K,ing" for 1,700 acres lying below Deep Creek in 
Hannover County — 

Michael Holland" for 2000 acres in Hannover County, 400 
acres thereof being already granted by patent to Rich'd and 
Thomas Watson, & 400 acres surveyed for John Woody & 
Benjamin Johnson and assigned to the pef with leave to in- 
clude the whole in one patent — 

George Booker'* for 2,000 acres in Prince George County 
bounding on Nibbs Creek & the lines of Will" K,ennon, & 
of Flatt Creek — 

David Walker" for 1,000 acres in Prince George County, 
on Turkeyegg and Ready Creeks and on Nottoway River, 
including the land formerly granted to Solomon Wynne — 



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3/6 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

William Mayo for 6,000 acres between Appomattux River 
& Flatt Creek in Prince George County, adjoining to the lands 
of Abraham Burton,""" John Stevens & William Pride, and 
the same to be laid off in one or more tracts — 

James Patillo"'' for 1000 acres in Prince George County 
between the lines of John Kerby, Edmund Irby, John Tillman, 
Richard Cooke, James Williams and Rowante Road — 

Richard Randolph^ for 2000 acres in Prince George County 
beginning on a great branch on the head of Flatt Creek — 

John Dandridge^ on his petition hath leave granted him 
to include in one patent three Several Entrys each for 400 
acres of land lying on the Northside the Southanna a little 
above Cubb Creek in Hanover County — 

Thomas Randolph on his petition hath leave granted him 
to include in one patent 4,000 acres of land surveyed in ten 
several surveys lying on the Northside the North branch of 
James River and at the foot of the Mountains in Henrico 
County — 

Thomas Jones, Gent**: by his petition setting forth that 
Benjamin Brown of Hannover County long since entered for 
and surveyed 1,600 acres of land in the said County, but hath 
never returned the Survey or sued out any patent for the 
Same ; whereby the said Entry is become void, and praying 
a grant thereof. It is Ordered that the said Brown be sum- 
moned to appear at the next Council held after the Court 
of Oyer and Terminner in June to shew why the said land 
should not be granted to the petitioner — 

Thomas Jones by his petition setting forth that Joseph 
Powel of King William County some years since, entered 
for two tracts of land, the one Containing 1,500 and the other 
400 acres on Elk Creek now in Spotsylvania County, but 
never sued out any patent for the same. And that James 
Taylor of King and Queen County also entered for and Sur- 
veyed 1500 acres on the same Elk Creek without sueing out 
any patent for the same, though the said land hath been 
long since surveyed and praying Grants for the said lands. 
It is Ordered that the said Powel and Taylor be summoned 
to appear at the next Council after the Court of Oyer and 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 377 

Terminer in June, to show cause why the said several tracts 
should not be granted to the petitioner — 

On the petition of John Cosby and Charles Barrett Ordered 
that Thomas Carr of King William County be summoned to 
appear at the next Council to be held after the Court of 
Oyer and Terminer in June, to show cause why the land 
mentioned in the said petition being 800 acres on both sides 
the South fork of little River and 400 acres on lx)th sides 
the North Fork of Little River in Hannover County should 
not be granted to the petitioner — 

February the 13th. 1727 

Present 

The Governour 

James Blair John Robinson 

William Byrd John Carter 

Peter Beverley John Grymes & 

John Custis Esqrs. 

This day His Majesty's Commission under 
Governors the Great Seal bearing date the 9th. day of 

Comm" from November 1727 in the first year of his Maj- 
his present esty's Reign, consisting [constituting] the 

Majty. pub- Right Hon"" George Earl of Orkney his 
lished. Majesty's Lieutenant and Governor Gen' of 

Virginia and also a Commission under his 
Majesty's Royal Signet and Sign manual bearing date the 17th 
of October, constituting Wm. Gooch Esqr. his Majesty's Lieu- 
tenant Governor of this Dominion were read and published 
in the General Court house, in the presence of the Council 
the House of Burgesses now assembled and a great concourse 
of Gentlemen and others — 

After which the Lieutenant Governor re- 
Governor turning to the Council chamber took the Oaths 
Sworn. appointed by an Act of Parliament made in 

the first year of the Reign of his late Maj- 
esty King George the First entitled An Act for the further se- 



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378 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

cuiity of his Majesty's person & Government and the Suc- 
cession of the Crown in the heirs of the late Princess Sophia 
being protestants and for extinguishing the hopes of the pre- 
tended Prince of Wales and his open and secret abettors — 
And then subscribed the Test and took the Oath for the due 
observation of the Acts of Trade and the execution of his 
Office of Lieut. Governour and Commander in Chief of this 
Dominion — 

The Board taking into consideration the 
Order for proper Commis"", and Instructions to be given 

framing the to the Commissioners appointed on the part 
Commission of this Government to settle the boundarys 
for settling between this Colony and the Province of North 

the boundarys Carolina, It is thereupon Resolved, That it 
be an Instructions to the said Commissioners 
that in case those appointed for North Carolina shall fail to 
appear, or being present shall refuse to run the Dividing 
Line pursuant to his Majesty's directions, the Commissioners 
of Virginia do proceed to mark out the same without them — 

That it be an Instruction to the said Commissioners to treat 
and agree with the Commissioners of North Carolina in the 
best manner they can, touching such Islands or small parcels 
of land which may be intersected by the dividing Line, and 
which (according to the proposals approved by his Majesty) 
are left to be allotted to the one Government or the other 
as the natural bounds will admit, 
Resolved 

That power be given to the said Commissioners, in case 
of Resistance or Opposition by the people of Carolina to call 
to their assistance the Militia and Posse of the Several ad- 
jacent Countys to remove all force, And that the directions 
and Authority s aforesaid be inserted in the Commission to 
be given the said Comm°" under the Seal of the Colony And 
that no other particular Instructions be given them but what 
are contained in the said Commission, Which the Clerk of 
the 'Council is hereby ordered to prepare against the next 
meeting of the Council — 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 379 

Mr. Augustine Smith having by an Instrument under his 
hand relinquished his pretentions to a Tract of Land in Spot- 
sylvania County, petitioned for by Henry Willis, Gent, as 
forfeited by the said Augustine, for not sueing out a Patent 
for the same in due time ; It is Ordered that the said Tract 
of land containing 1,400 acres be granted to the said Henry 
Willis he procuring Rights for the Same, and pursuing the 
Orders of the Government in that behalf — 

February the 16'" 1727 
Present 
The Governour 
James Blair John Carter 

Cole Digges Richard FitzWilliam 

Peter Beverley John Grymes 

John Robinson John Custis Esqrs. 

Whereas some doubt hath been made whether 
Order con- the exemption from purchasing Rights granted 

cerning Sur- by his late Majesty to the persons taking up 
veys of land lands in Brunswick*"^ and Spotsylvania doth 
Brunswick extend to lands which shall be Surveyed but 

and Spot- not patented before the first of May next, 

sylvania It is the opinion of this Board that the said 

Exemption doth extend to all lands actually 
surveyed in the said Countys before the first day of May next 
tho Patents shall not be passed for the same, and the Sur- 
veyors of the said Countys are to cause the said Surveys to 
be returned to the Secretarys Ofifice with all convenient speed — 

February the 27"- 1727 

Present 
The Governour 

Robert Carter John Carter 

Cole Digges Richard FitzWilliam 

James Blair John Grymes 

Peter Beverley William Dandridge 

John Robinson John Custis Esqrs. 



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380 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

The Draught of a Commission to WilHam 
Commission Byrd, Rich** FitzWilHam and WiUiam Dan- 
for SettHng dridge Esqrs. for SettHng the Boundarys be- 
the boundary tween this Colony and the Province of North 
approved CaroHna, in conjunction with the Comm" of 

that Province, pursuant to his Majestys Com- 
mands, being prepared, were read at the Board and approved, 
and ordered to be fairly engross'd for the Governor's sign- 
ing, and the Seal of the Colony affixed thereto — 

This Board having received information that Mr. Allen one 
of the Surveyors appointed for running the dividing Line be- 
tween this Colony and North Carolina, declining going on 
that Service being hindered by the dangerous indisposition 
of his Wife, The Governour with the advice of the Council 
was pleased to nominate and appoint Mr, Alexander Irwin 
Professor of Mathematicks in the College of William and 
Mary in the room of the said Mr. Allen, and in case he shall 
refuse to undertake the Same, then Mr. Drury Stith'" is 
appointed for that service — 

A Representation of sundry of the principal 
Petition of the Inhabitants of the County of Surry, corn- 
people of plaining of the inconvenient situation of the 
Surry present Courthouse, and praying the Gover- 
County for nour to appoint a more proper place where a 
altering the new Courthouse may be built near the centre 
Court House of the said County : And also a counter pe- 
tition of divers Inhabitants of the said County, 
praying that the Court of the said County may be held where 
it now is ; were severally read. And it is ordered that the 
parties be heard thereon before this Board on Wednesday 
the 6th. of next month — 

March the 6'" 1727 
Present 
The Governour 
Robert Carter John Robinson 

James Blair John Carter 

Cole Digges John Grymes & 

Peter Beverley John Custis Esqrs. 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 381 

On hearing at the Board the several petitions 
Order about of the Inhabitants of Surry County with the 
Surry Court- Allegations of the several partys touching the 
house most convenient place for holding the Court 

of the said County, It is ordered that for the 
more equal determination of the Dispute between the said 
parties the Surveyor of the said County be, and he is hereby 
required to lay before this Board a Map of the said County, 
describing the place where the present Court house now stands, 
& the place proposed for erecting a new Court house, together 
with the distance of each from the Outward bounds of the 
said County and the consideration of the said petitioners is 
referred till the said Mapp is prepared — 

A P'etition of divers of the Frontier In- 
& petition of habitants of the County of Isle of Wight be- 
the Inhabi- ing presented and read at the Board com- 
tants of Isle plaining of the great distance of their Court 
of Wight house from the greater part of the said In- 

ref'd habitants, and praying that the same may be 

removed nearer the centre of the County, It 
is Ordered that the Surveyor of the said County prepare a 
Mapp of the said County describing the place where the Court 
now is kept, and the place proposed by the petitioners for 
erecting a new Courthouse ; and that the said Mapp be re- 
turned to the Governour to the end this Board may be better 
enabled to judge of the most convenient place for fixing the 
said Courthouse — 

Present Mann Page Esqr. 
On the humble Application of Sarah Wil- 
Examination Hamson an Indian Woman now under sen- 
in behalf of tence of death in the publick Goal for murder 
Sarah Wil- The Governour in Council was pleased to ad- 

liamson mitt sundry Witnesses to be examined, which 

she alledged would have been material for 
her justification on her trial but were through her ignorance 
omitted to be summoned; And after examination of the said 
witnesses, the Governour having asked the advice of the Coun- 
cil thereon, They are thereupon of opinion that the witnesses 



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382 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

now produced do not sufficiently make appear her innocency 
of the fact for which She stands condemned — 

March the is"- 1727 
Present 
The Governour 
Robert Carter Peter Beverley 

James Blair John Robinson 

Mann Page John Grymes & 

Cole Digges John Custis Esqrs. 

A new Commission of the Peace for the 

Com* of the County of Princess Anne was this day or- 

peace dered with an addition of Sundry Gentlemen 

recommended to be Justices in the said 

County — 

March the 2i»' 1727 
Present 
The Governour 
Robert Carter Peter Beverley 

James Blair John Robinson 

Mann Page John Grymes & 

Cole Digges John Custis Esqrs. 

John Grymes Esqr. his Majesty's Receiver 
Dispute be- General informing the Board that he had in 
tween the his hands divers judgments and orders of the 

King's Offi- County Courts in the Northern Neck whereby 
cers & the Fines are laid on sundry persons for contempt 

proprietors & breaches of the peace and desired the di- 

agent in the rections of the Board whether the same be 
Northern due to the King or to the Proprietors & par- 

Neck ad- ticularly as to a fine of £5 laid by the Court 

justed of Lancaster County on Rawleigh Chin & 

the like fine on William Norris for a Con- 
tempt : The Council taking the same into consideration are 
of opinion that the Fines above mentioned, and all others of 
the like nature, not particularly appropriated by Act of As- 
sembly are due to the Proprietors of the Northern Neck, ac- 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 383 

cording to the opinion of his Majestys Attorney and Solicitor 
General on the 2d. Query refer'd to them upon the State 
of the case between the King and the said Proprietors but 
that all Fines imposed on the Inhabitants of that Territory 
by the General Court or any inferiour Court not held within 
that Territory, ought to be accounted for to his Majesty as 
well as all fines and forfeitures arising by virtue of an Act 
of Assembly and recovered in the Courts held within the 
said neck, And the Receiver General also moving for directions 
touching the Forfeitures of the Estate of Thomas Glascock 
of the County of Richmond indicted and outlawed for murder : 
and the forfeiture of the personal estate of one Moverley 
of Westmoreland County who was found a felode se. The 
Council are thereupon of opinion that the first of these for- 
feitures doth belong to the Proprietors, according to the de- 
termination of the Attorney and Solicitor General in the case 
aoove mentioned And that the other forfeitures of the goods 
of Moverley do by the Express words of the said determi- 
nation appertain to his Majesty, and ought to be accounted 
for to his Majestys Receiver General : But for as much as 
it is very inconvenient for the Sheriffs in the northern neck 
to attend the Ofificers of his Majestys Revenue to pass their 
accounts of such small sums as may happen to be received 
by them for fines and forfeitures accuring to his Majesty 
within that Territory, It is Ordered that the said Sherifs be, 
and they hereby required to account with Coll. Thomas Lee 
for all such sums as shall come to their hands, and that they 
shall be allowed 5% cent be given to the said Thomas Lee 
for receiving and paying the same to the Receiver General 
for his Majestys use — 



NOTES TO COUNCIL JOURNALS. 

^Probably son of Thomas Spencer, who owned 600 acres in King 
William in 1704. 

-John Blair was son of Dr. Archibald Blair, of Williamsburg, and 
nephew of James Blair, D. D., first president of William and Mary 
College. He was born in 1689 and died November 5, 1771. On Feb. 
5, 1727 he was appointed naval officer for the Upper District of James 
River, and represented Williamsburg in the House of Burgesses at the 






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384 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

sessions of August, 1736, Nov., 1738 and May, 1740. On Aug. 15, 
1728. a commission for Horatio Walpole, Auditor General of the 
Plantations, was read in the Va. Council, appointing John Blair Deputy 
Auditor General for Virginia. Governor Gooch in a letter dated May 
10, 1743, announcing the death of Dr. James Blair, stated that he "left 
to each of his nephew's children" £1000 and made his nephew, John 
Blair, residuary legatee, who would receive near £5000. In a letter, 
dated Feb. 26, 1744-5, the Governor recommended John Blair for ap- 
pointment to the Council, and said that during his uncle's life time he 
had been in narrow circumstances, but had inherited near iio,ooo. John 
Blair held the office of Auditor General and Councillor during life. 
He became President of the Council and was acting governor from 
Jan. to June, 1758, and March to October, 1768. On July 16, 1768, 
he wrote the following letter to the King's Attorney for Spotsylvania 
county: 

"Sir— I lately received a letter signed by a good number of worthy 
gentlemen, who are not here, complaining of the Baptists. The par- 
ticulars of their misbehaviour are not told any further than their 
running into private houses and making dissensions. On their appli- 
cation to the attorney general, John Randolph, they brought me his 
letter, advising me to write to you their petition was a matter of right, 
and that you may not molest these conscientious people so long as they 
behave themselves in a manner becoming pious Christians and in obedience 
to tlie laws till the court, when they intend to apply for license, and 
when the gentlemen who complain may make their objections and be 
heard. The act of toleration (it being found by experience that per- 
secuting dissenters increases their numbers) has given them a right 
to apply in a proper manner for licensed houses for the worship of 
God according to their consciences, and I persuade myself the gentle- 
men will quietly overlook their meetings till the court. I am told 
they administer the sacrament of the Lord's Supper near the manner 
we do and differ in nothing from our church but in that of baptism 
and their renewing the ancient discipline, by which they have reformed 
some sinners and brought them to be truly penitent. H this be their 
behaviour it were to be wished we had some of it among us. Nay, 
'if a man of theirs is idle and neglects to labor and provide for his 
family as he ought, he incurs their censures, which have had good 
effect." 

Will not some one examine the Spotsylvania court minutes for the 
first court after July 16, 1768 and ascertain whether the Baptists did 
apply for licenses. It has been stated that they refused to do so and that 
this was the cause of the persecution of their ministers which shortly 
followed. 

The Histary of the Blair, Banister and Braxton Pamilies by F. A. 
Horner (Philadelphia, 1898) contains a number of interesting and, indeed, 
delightful letters, from members of President Blair's family. One 
of them, dated Aug. 21, 1769, from Ann, or Agan Blair, describes a 
pleasant little happening at the old Blair house (still standing near the 
College) : 

"Good morrow to you Sis's ; we spent a cheerful afternoon yester- 
day. Mrs. Dawson's Family stay'd ye Evening with us and ye Coach 
was at ye door to carry them Home by ten o'clock but everyone ap- 
pearing in great spirits it was proposed to set at ye steps [also still 
remaining] and sing a few songs w'ch was no sooner said than done ; 
while thus we were employ 'd a candle and Lanthorn were observed 
to be coming up street (except Polly Clayton censuring their ill taste 



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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 385 

for having a candle such a fine night). No one took any notice of it 
till we saw whoever it was stop't to listen to our enchanting notes ; 
Each warbler was immediately silenced ; whereupon the invader to our 
Melody call'd out in a most rapturous voice Charming ! charming ! 
proceed for God's sake or I go Home directly. No sooner were these 
words uttered than all with one consent sprang from their seats and 
ye air echo'd with pray walk in my Lord [Botetourt] ; no indeed he 
would not, he would set on the Steps too, so after a few ha ha ha's 
and being told what all we knew that it was a delightful evening at 
his desire we strew'd the way over with flowers &c, &c [probably mean- 
ing they sang for him] till a full half hour was elapsed when all 
retired to their respective Homes." 

This little moonlight scene with Botetourt sitting with the Blairs 
on the steps of their home and the girls singing ballads for him is a 
pleasant contrast to the political wrangles of the time. 

In the collection of this Society is a Virginia almanac for 1751, 
which contains a diary or rather a series of memoranda by John Blair, 
it has been published in the IViyiam and Mary Quarterly, VH, 133-153; 
Vni, 1-17. It contains some information in regard to Mr. Blair's life 
and the happenings of the time. Jan. 8, 175 1, "Dined at Col. Bur- 
well's & staid all night & danced and drew 14th cake — Col. Cart'r Bur- 
well — ring." nth, "Had a dance and cake at Mr. Cock's." 17th, 
Mr. J. R. [andolph?] play'd on his violin & Dr. Hackerston on his 
G flute." Feb. 7th, "Dined at Col. Burwell's, had fine Greens that 
were planted abt ist Sep'r." March nth, J. C. [James City] Court. 
I bo't 5000 lb. Tob. there." i6th, Had a beef from Chic'y [Chicka- 
hominy] yesterday. The man surprised at Spinet, Garden and Pictures." 
18th, At Green Spring. We gathered oranges." [There must have been 
a conservatory there]. 20th, "Col. Cary dined here, had asparagus." 
April 28th, "Coach sent to York with Mrs. Waters." May i6th, "Negro 
ship arrived." [Dr. Tyler adds a note from the Viryinia Gazette that 
this was the ship Tryal from Angola, with near 400 slaves consigned 
to Philip Rootes and Humphrey Hill]. June 23rd, "We went into 
mourning lor the Prince [of Wales]. July lOth, "Fine entertainment 
of music at the Brafferton." i6th, "Mr. Bacon [Rev. Thos. Bacon of 
Md.] dined here, we had fine musick." 17th, "Do. He dined with Dr. 
Gilmer. Fine violin, Mr. Petit danced fine." August 15th, "Dined at the 
College after Chapel." i6th, "Saw several dances between Nottoway 
and Cherokee" [Indians]. Sept. ist, "Mr. Miller dined here, had 
Green Peas." loth, "Dined at Col. Hunter's [near Hampton] & heard 
Harpsicord." Oct. 6th, "Hear ye actors are dispersed." [On Oct. 21 
a company of comedians opened at the new theatre near the Capitol 
with Richard I (?)]. March 25th, "Mrs. Randolph gave a fine account 
of our gardener." August 2nd, "I paid Wm. Goodall i2i. 6s. in part 
of a year's schooling 2 children entered 19th of January." Sept. ist, 
"Mr. Waller's young son Benjamin buried this day, my Coach carried 
the Bearers, Mr. Blair, Mr. Basset, Mr. Allen & my son who carried 
him to his grave in Napkins." Jan. 14th, "Our Spinnet came home 
lame." i8th, "Mr. Pelham [organist of Bruton Church] approved of 
it and of the musick sent with it." Feb. 25th, "Mrs. Burwell and 
others at billiards." James Burwell and Betty Blair entered with Mrs. 
Drummond to learn to read today." Nov. 15th, "This evening Mr. Pres- 
ton to prevent the young* gentlemen at ye College from playing at a re- 
hearsal in ye dormitory, how they could act Cato privately among 
themselves, did himself, they say, act the Drunken Peasant." 



i.i»: 



386 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Most of the entries in the diary relate to pubhc and personal busi- 
ness. President Blair attended church regularly and always notes 
the preachers and sometimes the texts. 

John Blair married Mary (born Jan. 16, 1708), daughter of Rev. 
John Monro, of St. Johns Parish, King William county. They had 
issue: 

I. Christian (1727-1784) married, in 1744, Armistead Burwell ; 2. 
Mary (1728-9-April i, 1730) ; 3. John (1731-1800), Justice of the United 
States Supreme Court; 4. Mary (born Sept. 27, 1734), married, ist, 
Dec. 6, 1753, George Braxton, of "Nevington," King and Queen county; 
2nd, Dec. 31, 1774, Col. Robert Burwell; 3rd, April 8, 1792, R. Pres- 
cott; 5. Sarah Archer (died Feb. 19, 1735-6, an infant); 6. Sarah 
(1738-1799), married, 1759, Col. Wilson Miles Cary ; 7. Dr. James 
(1741-1772). He studied medicine at Edinburgh in 1765, etc., married 
Kitty Eustace of New York, and died without issue. The Virginia 
Crazcttc contains the following obituary : "Williamsburg, January 7, 
1773- — On Saturday the 26th of December, died at Charlottesville, in 
the thirty-second year of his age, Dr. James Blair, one of the phy- 
sicians of this city. To an extensive knowledge of the various branches 
of literature he united the profoundest skill in his profession ; to the 
most unlimited freedom of inquiry he joined a piety rational, manly 
and sublime, and by his example demonstrated the possibility of sup- 
porting at the same time, the character of the acute philosopher and the 
sincere Christian. Of the national rights of mankind, as well as the 
peculiar privileges of his native country, he was an able and intrepid 
defender. His sentiments concerning civil and religious liberty were 
clear, uniform, and consistent, an inflexible regard to justice manifested 
itself in every part of his conduct. But those awful virtues were 
tempered with the amiable ones of a compassion, humanity and universal 
benevolence. Long will his death be lamented and his memory revered 
by the friends of learning, liberty, and virtue. 

' Cui frudor, et justitiae soror 

Incorrupta fides nudaque Veritas, 
Qundo ullum invcnient Parkm.' " 

8. Archibald (b. March 4, 1744-5) died without issue; 9. Anna 
(or Agan) born May 4, 1746, married in 1779 Col. John Banister; 
10 Eli7abeth, married Capt. Samuel Thompson, of the British navy. 

Francis Lightfoot, of "Teddington," Sandy Point, Charles City 
county, was son of Philip Lightfoot, of "Teddington," Surveyor Gen- 
eral of Virginia. Francis Lightfoot inherited several tracts of land 
at Sandy Point from his father and added to them by purchase. A 
tomb at Sandy Point bears arms, Lightfoot impaling Corbin, and an 
epitaph commemorating his wife and himself. It is as follows: "Here 
lieth interred the body of Mrs. Elizabeth Lightfoot, wife of Francis 
Lightfoot, Gent., Who departed this life December 31, 1727 in the 
34th year of her age. Also ye above Mr. Francis Lightfoot, who de- 
parted this life January ye 7, 1727, In ye fourty first year of his age. 
Also the body of Frances Lightfoot Son of the above said Mr. Francis 
and Mrs. Elizabeth Lightfoot who departed this life May 17, 1730, in 
the eighth year of his age." 

After the death of Francis Lightfoot there was considerable liti- 
gation in regard to his estate, which was ended by an act of Assembly 
in May, 1740. This act recites that Philip Lightfoot, gent, of James 
City county, was seised of three tracts of land in the parish of West- 
over, then in James City; but later in Charles City, and by his will. 









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VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 387 

dated Aug. 13, 1708, bequeathed them to his eldest son, Francis Light- 
foot, and his heirs, and if he died without heirs to Phihp Lightfoot, 
another son of Philip the elder. Francis Lightfoot, after his father's 
death, entered into said lands and added to them by purchase, and 
thinking he had a fee-simple in all of his lands, by his will dated Jan. 
6, 1727, gave his daughter, Elizabeth, £1000 sterling and all the rest of 
his estate to his son Francis Lightfoot. But provided that if his son, 
Francis, died without issue, male, or there should be any failure there- 
after in the male line, he gave all said estate to his brother Philip 
and his heirs, he or they paying to the daughter of his said son or 
if there were no such daughter, to his own daughter, Elizabeth, £2500 
sterling. Francis, the son, died without issue and Beverley Randolph, 
of Henrico county, gentleman, intermarried with the said Elizabeth, 
to whom the said Philip has paid the said sums of £1000 and £2500. 
But notwithstanding Beverley Randolph has brought suit to recover 
the lands and Philip Lightfoot to recover the money paid. As a com- 
promise it was agreed and the Assembly enacted that Philip Light- 
foot should pay a certain additional sum and that all the lands, etc., 
be vested in him in fee simple. 

^ Bott or Botte and Batt or Batte, two entirely distinct families re- 
quire careful discrimination when searching the older records of Hen- 
rico and Chesterfield. In the Henrico records, April i, 1689, is men- 
tion of "Mr. Thomas Botte" as marrying Amy, widow of Henry 
Kent and before of Essex Bevill. The family of Bott was later 
resident in Chesterfiel-d, Amelia, etc. In Chesterfield in September, 
1753, is a deed from Richard Kennon, of Charles City, gent; to 
Thomas Bott, of Chesterfield, gent , conveying a tract of land which 
had been sold by William Kennon to said Bott in 1741. In 1758 
Thomas Bott deeded a tract of land in Chesterfield to his son John 
Bott. The will of Thomas Bott, of Chesterfield, was dated Aug. 6, 
1776. His legatees were his grandson William Bell (to whom he 
gave, among other things a negro said Bell's mother had of William 
Bott), granddaughter [daughter?] Mary, wife of John Wilson, daughter 
Ann, wife of William Hall, sons Miles, William and John, wife Ann. 
At Chesterfield Court July, 1777, John Bott presented his commission 
as County Lieutenant and qualified. 

There is on record in Amelia a deed dated April, 1760, from Thomas 
Bott of Chesterfield to his sons William and Miles Bott, of Amelia 
county. 

William Bott appeared to have been a Quaker, though his father, 
who was vestryman of Dale Parish, 1760, etc., was, of course, not 
one. The following is on record in Amelia : 

"I, William Bott, of Amelia county, Virginia, being fully persuaded 
that Freedom is the natural right of all mankind and that it is my 
duty to do unto others as I would desire to be done by in the like 
situation, and having under my care three negroes, whom I have here- 
tofore held as slaves ■ I hereby emancipate and set free. 22nd 

day of the Seventh month, 1782." 

The vestry book and register of Bristol Parish contain the following 
entries in regard to the Botts : "Mr. Tho. Bott," vestryman Oct. 30, 
1720 to Oct. 29, 1729. when he probably removed into . Dale parish. 
Thomas, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Bott, born Dec. 14, 172 1 ; Anne, 
daughter of same, born Dec, 1723; Miles, son of same, born Feb. 21, 
1733- 

* In August, 1706, "Mr. Henry Anderson" married Prudence, an 
orphan of Edward Stratton, of Henrico county. He had not pre- 






(I). 

■9 - Ai .iitiii.i^ 



388 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



viously lived in that county as he owned no land there in 1704. He 
was probably the Henry Anderson who in 1704 owned land across the 
Appomattox in Prince George. He was a J. P. for Henrico in 17 19, 
and sheriff in 1729. He married 2d, Elizabeth, widow of Ralph 
Crawford, and on April 10, 1739, Henry Anderson had a receipt 
from Elizabeth Anderson, widow and late administratrix of Ralph 
Crawford. The will of Elizabeth Anderson, of Chesterfield, was dated 
Oct. 9, 1759. Her legatees were her daughter Elizabeth Crawley, 
grandson John Poythress, son Claiborne Anderson, and grandson, John 
Anderson. The will of Henry Anderson, Sr., was dated Jan. 20, 1733-4 
and proved in Henrico August, 1734. His legatees were his sons 
Claiborne and Francis, daughter Judith and Ann, sons Henry and 
Edward. 

Issue of Hery Anderson (Sr.) : i. Claiborne; 2. Francis; 3. Martha, 
named in her brother John's will, 1733; 4. Judith, named in wills of 

her father and brother John, married Cocke, probably James 

Powell Cocke ; 5. Ann^ married Benjamin Ward, of Henrico county, 
who died in 1732; 6. Henry; 7. Edward, named in his father's and 
brother John's will. There is of record in Amelia county a deed dated 
1736 from Henry Anderson of Amelia, conveying 572 acres in that 
county, which had been devised to Edward Anderson, brother of said 
Henry, by their father, Henry Anderson, and which had been granted 
to Henry Anderson (Sr.) in 1725. So it is probable that Edward 
Anderson was dead without issue; 8. John, made will Dec, 1733, in 
which he named his brothers, Francis, Henry and Edward and sisters 

Martha, Judith and Ann; 9. Elizabeth, married Crawley. 

The Bristol Parish Register contains the births of Elizabeth, daughter 
of Henry and Elizabeth Anderson, April 14, 1729, and of their son, 
Claiborne, July 12. 1732. Elizabeth and Claiborne may have been the 
only children of Henry Anderson, Sr., by his second marriage. 

Claiborne Anderson was sheriff of Chesterfield, 1764. His will was 
dated Dec. 14, 1771 and his inventory filed Jan. 7, 1773. He gave 
his eldest daughter, Mary, £1000 current, and his youngest daughter, 
Ann, iiooo current; son John land testator lived on; nephew Peter 
[copy illegible] a negro ; negroes to be equally divided between his sons 
John and James. Friends William Crawley, Sr., of Amelia, nephew 
Ralph Crawforth Anderson, and David Crawley, executors. 

The will of Henry Anderson (son of Henry Anderson, Sr.) was 
dated Sept. 2, 1751 and proved in Amelia June 28, 1753. His legatees 
were his sons Henry, John and Ralph Crawford Anderson (to the 
latter he gave all his land at Winterpock, Chesterfield, 800 acres) ; 
sons Francis and West Anderson ; daughters Elizabeth, Prudence and 
Sarah Anderson, unborn child and wife Elizabeth. His wife, son 
Henry, and nephew, Benjamin Ward, executors. Henry Anderson, 
the testator, married about 1739, Elizabeth, daughter of Ralph Craw- 
ford. 

Francis Anderson, whose will was dated Feb. 9, 1793, and proved in 
Amelia Feb. 26, 1793, was probably the son of Henry Anderson, Jr. 
His legatees were bis son, Claiborne Anderson, daughter Elizabeth 
Watson, youngest sons Henry, Francis and Chamberlain Anderson and 
daughters Ann, Dorothy and Sarah Anderson. 

The Amelia county marriage bonds contain those for Francis An- 
derson and Edith Weldon, July 9, 1742; Henry Anderson and Martha 
Cocke, Jan. 24, 1760 ; Francis Anderson and Sally Anderson Black- 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 389 

burn, May I, 1790; Claiborne Anderson and Polly Branch Jones, July, 
1801. 



Essex Bevill had a grant of land, Oct. 27, 1671, at Old Town on 
the Appomattox River, Henrico county. He was a J. P. for that 
county in 1677. His will was dated Nov. 9, 1682 and proved in Hen- 
rico, Feb. I, 1682-3. He gave his son John "the land I now live on 
known as Old Town" on Old Town Creek [probably the site of a 
town of the Appomattox Indians] ; to his son Essex 200 acres on the 
north side of the creek, and all the rest of his estate to his wife Amy. 
On Sept. 24, 1683, Mrs. Amy Bevill made a deed to her children, John, 
Essex, Mary, Amy and Elizabeth Bevill. In or before August, 1686, 
she married Henry Kent and in the same month qualified as his ad- 
ministratrix. By April, 1689, she had married Thomas Bott. 

The Essex Bevill of the text was, of course, the son. A line of the 
descendants of Essex Bevill, which removed to Georgia, has been 
described in "The Bevilie Family," by Mrs. Agnes B. V. Tedcastle 
(privately printed, Boston, 1917). The name Essex Bevill appears in an 
English pedigree and research is now being made to ascertain the 
connection with the Virginia settler. 

^John Anderson was son of Henry Anderson, above. 

A genealogy of the Booker family was published in the four num- 
bers of Vol. VII, V. Magazine of History and Biography. Col. Ed- 
ward Booker, of "Winterham," Amelia county, was baptised in Abing- 
don parish, Gloucester county, June 2, 1680. He was appointed a 
justice of Prince George, 1733, was one of the first justices of Amelia 
on its organization in 1736, and one of the first representatives in the 
House of Burgesses. In 1736 and 1743 he was presiding justice. He 

married 1st, Mary , and 2nd, Judith, sister of William Archer. 

He died in 1750. His estate was appraised at £1,288. 2. 6. See VII, 
96, 97. 

' The Kennon genealogy published in the William and Mary Quarterly, 
XIV, 132-135. 268-275; XV, 45, 46, shows three William Kennons 
living about this time. The emigrant ancestor of the family, Richard 
Kennon was in Virginia before 1670 and was a successful mercliant 
at Bermuda Hundreds. He repeatedly went to England on business. 
A land grant in 1680 shows that before that date he had made eight 
voyages to Virginia, and on June i, 1686, stating he was again about 
to go to Europe, he gave a power of attorney to his brother-in-law, John 
Worsham. And several years before this "Richard Kennon, of Bermuda 
Hundreds, Merchant", had given a general power of attorney to John 
Worsham, doubtless preparatory to another trip abroad. On Sept. 9, 
1679 several London merchants gave powers of attorney to Richard 
Kennon "now in London." He soon commenced buying land. As the 
extant Henrico records only begin in 1677 any earlier purchases are 
not recorded; but on Oct. 19, 1677, Christopher Robinson, son and 
heir of Christopher Robinson, of Bristol Parish, deceased, sold to 
"Mr. Richard Kennon of Bermuda Hundreds," a tract of land called 
"The Neck," bounded by the land formerly sold to the said Kennon, 
the lands of Nicholas Dison and John Worsham, and Appomattox 
and Swift Creek. This was the "Conjurer's Neck" estate, in the present 
Chesterfield county. A patent of 1635 refers to "the Conjurer's Fields" 
on the Appomattox. As the town of the Appomattox Indians had been 
not far away "Conjurer's Neck" had probably been the scene of the 
incantations of the medicine men. The old brick home of the Kennons 



390 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

here remained in excellent preservation until 1879, when it was burnt. 
In April, 1681, William Byrd, of Henrico, Esq., sold to Richard Ken- 
non, gent., 657 acres at Rochdale [now in Chesterfield county] which 
had been formerly sold by Bowman to Kennon ; but which had been 
really the property of Sir John Zouch, and had been escheated and 
granted to Abel Gower who sold to Byrd. Richard Kennon later gave 
this property to his daughter, Judith, and her husband Thomas Eldridge. 
Richard Kennon was appointed a justice of Henrico 167S, and was a 
Burgess for that county in 1685. He married Elizabeth, daughter 
of William Worsham, and died in 1696. His will was proved in 
Henrico Aug. 20, 1696. Issue: i. Richard,^ born Dec. 5, 1684, died 
March 8, 1688 (tomb at "Conjurer's Neck") ; 2. William-; 3. Richard'; 
4. Mary/ married 1697, Major John Boiling, of "Cobbs" ; 5. Elizabeth,* 
married 1698, Joseph Royal 1 ; 6. Martha, married, 1701, Robert Mun- 
ford; 8. Judith, married Thomas Eldridge. 

2. Coh William^ Kennon, of "Conjurer's Neck", was vestryman of 
Dale Parish in 1710; afterwards lived in Bristol Parish, where he 
was also a vestryman. His last appearance at a vestry meeting was 
on May 22, 1735. The date of his death is unknown ; nor is there 
any record of his will. He perhaps removed to Charles City. He 
married Anne, daughter of Col. Francis Eppes, and had issue (Bristol 
Parish Register) : ' 

9. Richard^; 10. IVilliam^; il. Francis^ born Sept. 3, 1713; 12. Henry 
Isham, born April 22, 1718, died unmarried Oct. 8, 1747 (tomb at "Con- 
jurer's Neck") ; 13. John, born Dec. 20, 1721. 

3. Richard' Kennon, of Chesterfield county; vestryman of Bristol 
Parish, his last appearance being on Nov. 11, 1734. He married Agnes, 
daughter of Robert Boiling. The date of his death is not known nor 
is there a known record of his will. The will of Mrs. Agnes Kennon 
was dated June i, 1762, and proved in Chesterfield. Bequests to her 
daughter Mary Clack and to the latter's children, except Ann and 
Polly Kennon Clack; granddaughter Ann Clack one negro and silver 
spoons, granddaughter Polly Kennon Clack a negro girl ; granddaughter 
Elizabeth Jones a negro girl and certain furniture; son Robert Kennon, 
stock of cattle, etc. 

Issue (Bristol Parish Register.) 

14. Elizabeth, born Dec. 12, 1720; 15. Ann, born Nov. 30. 1722; 
16. Robert', born April 14, 1727, married Sarah, daughter of Sir Wil- 
liam Skipwith, Bart.; 17. Mary, born Jan. 29, 1728, married 

Clack; 18. Martha, born Oct. 17, 1731. 

9. Richard' Kennon, of Charles City county, born April 15, 1712, 
died about 1761. He was Burgess for Charles City at the sessions of 
Nov. 1738, May 1740, Aug. 1740, May 1742, Sept. 1744, Feb. 1745, 
July 1746, March 1747, Oct. 1748, April 1749, Feb. 1752, Nov. 1753, 
Feb. 1754, Aug. 1754, Oct. 1754, May 1755, Aug. 1755 and Oct. 1755. 
He lived at "Kennons", Charles City county and married Ann, daughter 
of William Hunt. His will was dated July 19, 1761 and proved in 
Chesterfield county. He gave his son, John, Conjurer's Neck in Chester- 
field and 25 negroes ; daughter Ann Kennon, 4 negroes ; daughter Mary 
Kennon, 4 negroes; wife Ann, the land he bought in Charles City and 
in James City, the mill thereon and 20 slaves; also to wife his Archer's 
Hill tract he bought from his brother. Land in Amelia and his lots 
and houses in Petersburg to be sold. To wife his chariot and six 
horses, all his breeding mares and colts, all sheep, and as many cattle 
as she may think convenient for use on her lands, and the whole crop 
of corn at Wintopock. Empowers wife to divide the rest of the estate 



(O;--"^' 1,. p,«~.y»«»^^ 



,,..1/ ... ^ -,„ k 



71 e"! ''icA n'Ml 



5Jt;;^> •»; 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 391 

among the children as she deems proper, except his silver bowl which 
he gives to his son William. Wife, Edward Osborn and Seth Ward, 
executors. The inventory of Col. Richard Kennon's estate at Winter- 
pock was appraised at £3239.9. 

Issue: 19. John*; 20. William,* Burgess for Charles City (at first 
as "William Kennon, Jr.") at the sessions of Sept. and Nov. 1758, 
F'eb. 1759, Nov. 1759, March, May and Oct. 1760, Mgrch 1761, Nov. 
1761, Jan. 1762, March 1762, Nov. 1762, May 1763, Jan. 1764, Oct. 
1764, and May 1765. He married Priscilla, daughter of Col. Francis 
Willis, of Gloucester county and removed to North Carolina, where 
he was a signer of the Mecklenburg Declaration and a member of the 
first State House of Represnetatives ; 21. Anne; 22. Mary. 

10. Col. William^ Kennon, of Henrico and Chesterfield, born Feb. 
0, 1713-14; died about 1759. He married in 1744 (marriage bond in 
Goochland county) Elizabeth, daughter of Col. Charles Lewis of "The 
Bird." Col. William Kennon's will was dated Oct. 3, 1759 and proved 
in Chesterfield. He gave his daughters Mary and Elizabeth each £200 
and a negro girl. His estate is to be divided into seven parts, three 
to his wife Elizabeth and one each to his sons, Richard, William, John 
and Charles. Plantation testator lives on to be sold. Other lands 
and personal estate to be divided at the discretion of his executors. 
Wife Elizabeth, Col. Richard Kennon, Capt. John Robertson, Capt. 
Howell Lewis and Mr. Edmond Taylor executors. 

The inventory of Col. William Kennon's personal property shows 
a large estate (including books valued at £10). His personal estate 
in Amelia county was appraised at £359. 10. 10. A careful exammation 
of the records of Henrico and Chesterfield would add many details to 
the Kennon pedigree. 

'Henry Wood is said to have been born in London in 1696, and 
came to Yorktown, Va., in 1713, after which he lived two years as 
apprentice with Christopher Robinson of Middlesex county. He then 
removed to Henrico, where he married in 1713, Martha, daughter of 
William Cocke of "Brcmo." He practiced law and was appomted the 
first clerk of Goochland county in 1728, holding the office until 1757 
when he was succeeded by his son. Col. Valentine Wood. His tomb 
is at "Woodville", Goochland. 

Issue: I. Valentine, born Sept. 2, 1744, lived for a time in Albe- 
marle county, where he was one of the first justices, 1744; was clerk 
of Goochland, 1757-81, and Colonel of Militia. He married, Jan. 3, 
1764 Lucy, sister of Patrick Henry and had issue; 2. Sally, born 
1726, married William Pryor, of Goochland, who died 1777; 3- Patty, 
born 1733, married, 1751, William Meriwether, of Louisa county and 
three other children who died unmarried. 

" Seth Ward, of "Sheffield," Henrico county, later in Chesterfield, 
who died in 1735 leaving a large estate. He married, prior to Aug. 
1717, Martha, daughter of John Worsham and had three children. 
There is a genealogy of this family of Ward in the William and Mary 
Quarterly, XXVII, 185- 199, 258-293. 

•Thomas Randolph, of "Tuckahoe," first in Henrico county and later 
in Goochland. He was son of the first William Randolph, of "Turkey 
Island" and is stated to have been born about 1683. He received under 
his father's will a share in a tract called "The Slashes," in Curies 
Neck, in a tract of 3256 acres between Westham and Tuckahoe Creek 
and in Randolph's upper island in James River. In 1721 and 1722-3 
he declined the office of sheriflf of Henrico. 



:■- r\r 



^.—^414 ^WJ^ 



dIA 



392 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

On Oct. II, 1726, Thomas Randolph, gent., of St. James Parish, 
Henrico county sold to Joseph Mayo, gent., 400 acres on James River 
and Muddy Creek. March 27, 1727 sold to William Randolph 390 
acres on Tuckahoe Creek. Oct. 31, 1727, Robert Adams sold iQO acres 
on Upper Manakin Creek, to Thomas Randolph, and on the 8th of the 
same month Randolph bought from Daniel Stoner 2700 acres on Fine 
Creek; on Feb. 22, 1727 he bought from Thomas Farrar, of St. 
James Parish, 500 acres on the north side of James River, adjoining 
the Glebe land at Varina, part of a grant, June i, 1637, to William 
Farrar, grandfather of said Thomas, and by said Wm. devised to his 
son Thomas Farrar by will dated. May 6, 1676. Jan. 26. 1727 he 
bought from William Farrar, of Henrico county, 686 acres called 
Farrar's Island, a tract of land patented by William Farrar and by 
him devised to William Farrar, father of the party to this deed; on 
Feb. 25, 1728, from John Farrar, for a consideration of £500, 452 
acres '"commonly called and known as Henrico", on James River, ad- 
joining the lands of John Boiling. Robt. Bullington, Thomas and Henry 
Jordan, Martha Cox and the land conveyed by Thomas Farrar to said 
Randolph, being part of a grant of land to William Farrar, grand- 
father of the said John Farrar; Aug. 3, 1713 from Francis Lightfoot, 
of James City county, for £30, 3256 acres on the north side of James 
River, "beginning at a great white oak where Tuckahoe Creek forces 
through the Isles and falls into the River", etc.; Aug. 3, 1713. from 
John Randolph for £90 a tract of land on north side of James River 
at the upper end of Randolph's Island. On July 4, 17 14, Thomas 
Randolph sold to his brother, William, 375 acres, part of a tract called 
"The Slashes.' On April 11, 1729, "Col. Thomas Randolph" (the 
military title was derived from his being County Lieutenant of Gooch- 
land) bought 450 acres at Sabot Island, from Robert Woodson, Jr. 
Thomas Randolph made a will, but no copy of it is known to exist. 
There is in Goochland a receipt, dated Aug. 17, 1730, from William 
Randolph, John Fleming and Richard Randolph, executors of Thomas 
Randolph, deceased. These dates give approximately the date of Thomas 
Randolph's death. Thomas Randolph married on Oct. 16, 1712. Judith, 
daughter of Charles Fleming, of New Kent county (St. Peter's Reg- 
ister). A few years after her husband's death she married Nicholas 
Davies. There is on record in Goochland a deed dated Dec. 24, 1733, 
between Nicholas Davies, of Henrico, merchant, on the one part, and 
John Fleming and Tarleton Fleming, gentlemen, on the other part, in 
view of a marriage shortly to be solemnized between said Davies and 
Mrs. Judith Randolph, widow of Thomas Randolph. Mrs. Randolph's 
trustees were her brothers. Col. Byrd, in his "Trip to the Mines," 
gives an account of a visit to Tuckahoe, the year before the widow 
remarried. The Mrs. Fleming mentioned was one of her sisters-in- 
law : 

"Sept. 20, 1732. I parted there with my Indendant, and pursued my 
Journey to Mr. Randolph's, at Tuckahoe, without meeting with any 
Adventure by the way. Here I found Mrs. Fleming, who was packing 
up her Baggage with design to follow her Husband the next day, who 
was gone to a new Settlement in Goochland. Both he and She have 
been about Seaven Years persuading themselves to remove to that re- 
tired part of the Country, tho' they had the two strong Arguments 
of Health and Interest for so doing. The Widow smiled graciously 
upon me, and entertain'd me very handsomely. Here I learnt all the 
tragical Story of her Daughter's humble Marriage with her Uncle's 
Overseer. Besides the meanness of this mortal's Aspect, the Man has 



ynj 



lilt) J>fi£ lnt:i,tfJjtl 



P.>^'. 



.^.. 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 393 

not one visible Qualification, except Impudence, to recommend him to 
a Female's Inclinations. But there is sometimes such a Charm in that 
Hibernian Endowment, that frail Woman cant withstand it, tho' it 
stand alone without any other Recommendation. Had she run away 
with a Gentleman or a pretty Fellow, there might have been some 
excuse for her, tho' he were of inferior fortune : but to stoop to a 
dirty Plebeian, without any kind of merit, is the lowest Prostitution. 
I found the Family justly enraged at it; and tho' I had more good 
nature than to join in her Condemnation, yet I cou'd devise no excuse 
for so senseless a Prank as this young Gentlewoman had ptay'd. Here 
good drink was more Scarce than good Victuals, the Family being 
reduc'd to the last Bottle of Wine, which was therefore husbanded 
very carefully. But the Water was excellent. The Heir of the 
Family did not come home till late in the Evening. He is a pretty 
young man, but had the misfortune to become his own master too 
soon. This puts young Fellows upon wrong pursuits, before they 
have Sence to Judge rightly for themselves. Tho' at the same time 
they have a strange conceit of their own Sufficiency, when they grow 
near 20 Years old, especially if they happen to have a small Smatter- 
ing of Learning. Tis then they fancy themselves wiser than all their 
Tutor's and Governor's which makes them headstrong to all advice, 
and above all Reproof and Admonition. 

21. I was sorry in the morning to find myself Stopt in my Career 
by bad weather brought upon us by a North-East Wind. This drives 
a World of Raw unkindly Vapours upon us from Newfoundland, loadeu 
with Elite, Coughs, and Pleurisys. However, I complain'd not, lest 
I might be suspected to be tir'd of the good Company. Tho' Mrs. 
Fleming was not so much upon her Guard, but mutin'd strongly at 
the Rain, that hindered her from pursuing her dear Husband. I said 
what I could to comfort a Gentlewoman under so sad a Disappoint- 
ment. I told her a Husband, that staid so much at Home as her's 
did, cou'd be no such violent Rarity, as for a Woman to venture her 
precious Health, to go daggling thro' the Rain after him, or to be 
miserable if she happened to be prevented. That is was prudent for 
marry'd people to fast sometimes from one another, that they might 
come together again with the better Stomach. That the best things 
in this World, if constantly us'd, are apt to be cloying, which a little 
absence and Abstinence wou'd prevent. This was Strange Doctrine 
to a fond Female, who fancys People shou'd love with as little Reason 
after marriage as before. In the afternoon Monsieur Marij, the Min- 
ister of the Parish, came to make me a visit. He had been a Romisi. 
Priest, but found Reasons, either Spiritual or temporal, to quit that 
gay Religion. The fault of this new Convert is, that he looks for as 
much Respect from his Protestant Flock, as is paid to the Popish 
Clergy, which our ill-bred Hugpenots dont understand. [Mr. Mayre.] 

2J. We had another wet day to try both Mrs. Fleming's Patience 
and my good breding. The N. E. Wind commonly sticks by us 3 or 4 
days, filling the Atmosphere with damps, injurious both to man and 
beast. The worst of it was, we had no good Liquor to warm our 
Blood, and fortify our Spirits against so strong a Malignity. How- 
ever, I was cheerful under all these Misfortunes, and exprest no Con- 
cern but a decent Fear lest my long visit might be troublesome. Since 
I was like to have this much Leisure, I endeavour'd to find out what 
Subject a dull marry'd man cou'd introduce that might best bring the 
Widow to the use of her Tongue. At length I discover'd she was a 
notable Quack, and therefore paid that regard to her Knowledge, as 



w • >pji> I 



394 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

to put some Questions to her about the bad distemper that raged then 
in the Country. I mean the Bloody Flux that was brought to us in 
the Negro-ship consigned to Colo. Braxton. She told me she made 
use of very simple remedys in that Case, with very good success. She 
did the Business either with Hartshorn Drink, that had Plaintain Leaves 
boil'd in it, or else with a strong decoction of St. Andrew's Cross, 
in new milk instead of Water. I agreed with her that those remedys 
might be very good, but would be more effectual after a dose or two 
of Indian Physick. But for fear this Conversation might be too grave 
for a Widow. I turn'd the discourse, and began to talk of Plays, & 
finding her Taste lay most toward Comedy, I offer'd my Service to 
read one to Her, which she kindly accepted. She produced the 2d part 
of the Beggar's Opera, which had diverted the Town for 40 Nights 
successively, and gain'd four thousand pounds to the Author. This 
was not owing altogether to the Wit or Humour that Sparkled in it, 
but to some Political Reflections, that seem'd to hit the Ministry. 
But the great Advantage of the Author was, that his Interest was 
solicited by the Dutchess of Queensbury, which no man could refuse 
who liad but half an eye in his head, or half a Guinea in his pocket. 
Her Grace, like Death, spared nobody, but even took my Lord Selkirk 
in for 2 Guineas, to repair which Extravagance he lived upon Scots 
Herrings 2 Months afterwards. But the best story was, she made a 
very Smart Officer in his Majesty's Guards give her a Guinea, who 
swearing at the same time twas all he had in the World, she sent 
him 50 for it the next day to reward his Obedience. After having 
acquainted my Company with the History of the Play I read 3 Acts 
of it, and left Mrs. Fleming and Mr. Randolph to finish it, who read 
as well as most Actors do at a Rehearsal. Thus we kill'd the time, 
and triumpht over the bad weather. 

23. The Clouds continued to drive from the N-Est, and to menace 
us with more Rain. But as the Lady resolved to venture thro' it, I 
thought it a Shame for me to venture to flinch. Therefore after 
fortifying myself with 2 capacious Dishes of Coffee, and making my 
Complements to the Ladyes, I mounted, and Mr. Randolph was so 
kind as to be my Guide." 

The date of the Tuckahoe house is unknown. The estate continued 
the property and home of five or six generations of the Randolphs. 

Issue of Thomas and Judith (Fleming) Randolph: 

I. William, of '"Tuckahoe," (born 1712, died 1745) ; commissioned 
colonel of militia May 20, 1740. Burgess for Goochland at the sessions 
of May 1742 and Sept. 1744. He married Mary, only daughter of 
Mann Page, of "Rosewell," by his first marriage with Judith Wormeley. 
She inherited from her grandfather Wormeley 1500 acres in King 
William county, and from her father, Mann Page, £2000 sterling. The 
will of William Randolph, of "Tuckahoe," was dated July 20, 1745 
and proved May 20, 1746. To daughter Judith Randolph, ii2oo ster- 
ling and all the gold rings and trinkets which belonged to her mother, 
"my dear deceased wife," also three negro girls; to daughter Mary 
Randolph, £1200 sterling (£200 to be paid when she is 16 years old 
and laid out in such trinkets as her guardians shall think fit). Decent 
memorials to be erected to Thomas Randolph, my father, my mother 
and my wife. Only son, Thomas M. Randolph, all rest of estate, and 
"my will is" that he shall not be educated at the College of William 
and Mary or sent to England on any account whatever ; but executors 
shall keep a private tutor for his education, and daughters Judith and 
Mary shall be educated according to their quality and circumstances. 
If all children die before age of 21 or marriage, estate to be equally 



9a« aiol'ni 9ib f'3 




Tuck A HOE — Stairway 



From the Cook Collection of Historical 
Photographs, Richmond, Va. 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 395 

divided between the children of Rev. WiUiam Stith (of Henrico) 
"by his present wife, Judith, my sister." Appoints John Lewis, of 
Gloucester and WiUiam Bassett, of New Kent, guardians of his 
daughters, and Rev. WiUiam Stith, guardian of his son. WiUiam 
Bassett, Beverley Randolph, Peter Randolph, Rev. William Stith and 
Peter Jefferson executors, March 2, 1742-3- A codicil makes Beverley 
and Peter Randolph, and Rev. William Stith, of Henrico, and Peter 
Jefferson, of Albemarle executors ; Peter Randolph and Rev. William 
Stith, guardians of son, and Col. John Lewis, of Gloucester and 
brother-in-law Mann Page, of Rosewell, guardians of daughters. His 
friend, Peter Jefferson and his family are to remove down "and re- 
main in my Tuckahoe House." Peter Jefferson did "remove down" 
and in a house still standing in the yard at Tuckahoe little Thomas 
Jefferson is said to have received his first lessons from the tutor em- 
ployed in accordance with the terms of William Randolph's will ; 2. 
Judith, married Rev. William Stith, President of William and Mary 
and Historian of Virginia; marriage bond, Goochland, May 17, 1738; 
3. Alary. This is the daughter who so scandalized her family by 
eloping with an overseer. There have been various confused, con- 
tradictory and impossible traditions about this affair ; but probably 
the true account is that Mary Randolph did first marry the overseer 
of one of her uncles and after his death married Rev. James Keith. 
It would seem from Byrd's account that the elopement with the over- 
seer took place in 1732. So Mary Randolph's second marriage must 
have taken place not long afterwards as her daughter, Mary Randolph 
Keith, married Thomas Marshall in 1754, twenty-two years later. But 
in those days of youthful marriages several years might have elapsed 
before the second marriage of Mary Randolph. Family and friends 
little knew that this daughter, so scorned and derided for her mes- 
alliance was to be the chief glory of the Tuckahoe Randolphs. She 
was the grandmother of John Marshall. 

'"Rene Laforce was appointed a justice of Goochland county May 
II, 1728 and therefore must have been one of the leading men of 
the Huguenot colony. It is singular that the name does not appear in 
any of the documents printed in "Documents Relating to the Huguenot 
Emigration to Virginia." 

There were in the Huguenot colony at Manakin Town, several persons 
named Chastain, probably brothers or other near relatives. Stephen 
or Estienne Chastain. and his wife, came in the first ship in 1700. In 
1714 Stephen Chastain, with two tithables and Pierre Chastain, with 
eight tithables, were living in King William parish. Jean Chastain 
and his wife were living in the parish in 1714, and Jean Chastain, 
clerk of the vestry 1727, etc. Pierre Chastain was a vestryman, 1707. 
The King William parish register gives the following: Jean and 
Chariot Chastain had: i. Judith, born May 20, 1727; 2. Pierre, born 
Feb. 24, 1728-9; 3. Magdalene, born Jan. 5, 1731-2; 4. Estiene, born 
Nov. 9, 1737. Estiene and Martre (Martha) Chastain had: i. Marie 
Magdalene, born Aug. 23. 1727 ; 2. son, name not given in register, 
born Nov. 3, 1728; 3. Estiene, born March i, 1729 (30). Martha, 
wife of Estiene Chastain died Dec. 24, 1725, age 52 or 53 years. Jean 
and Judith Chastain had: i. Jeanne, born Oct. 3, 1734; 2. Magdalene, 
born Jan. 23, 1743-4. Jean and Marianne Chastain had: Jean, born 
Sept. 26, 1721. Rene and Judith Chastain had: i. Isaac, born March 
15. 1733-4; 2. Pierre, born Oct. 9, 1736; 3. Marianne, born May 17, 
1738; 4. Rene, born June 30, 1741. 

The will of Peter Chastain, of King William Parish, was proved 



.J f.K'H .(iensHi m 



39^ VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

i'LS^v^^^""^' ^ «•' '???■ '^^^^ ^'" '^f Stephen Chastain. late of the 
pace.Vose m Doffine [Dauphiny] in the province of France inhabitant 
a Manakmtown Parish of King William, Goochland couiUy' dated Ja" 
10. U32-3. proved in Goochland Aug. 21 ly^n- lecratpps • f, if/ a? 1 
and daughter Mary Magdalene. Left negroes'l;JT ^nsid able^'lte' 
inJess-^'raS^^h^ Chastain (X) of King William Parish ''in violent 

is'S^ W.i-;^ Sroft.i^i&S^^ 
5rdLe^^L^;^-.,^^^:^Sm£S 

nf':^^. -fl ^i^t^S-Sar-lrit.^-- - 
sponsors m the parish register 1728-^^ The will nf ] ^.^ aPPt-^r as 
dated Dec. 9, 1750 and pried in'cum'berla'iK ulll^lt^ ^o nLl^v' 

executors ""^^ ^°'''''' ^"^ ^'^ ^'''^^' Thomas Porter, 

Hatcher's CreekTn lltema e ?oart of T'l ""' 'T f '^^ °^ '^"^ «" 
with all cattle whatfoeveTon sifd land .n/^"" ''"'^i ^"^' '^ "^^'■°^^' 
them- but if T r^iTh^f -r "' ^"^ ""^^^ confirm said land to 

son-m-law Alexander Spiers ^om';,rr. '• T- "^^'^ ^''^- To 

chain and seal Mrs tr^h ^"^ current and testator's gold watch, 
bt. Lukes Church, London, £200 sterlin? • R,.v M. rZl i^ . 

s.o„. He was a Burgess for Hanover m .V^^ fnd died about wl 



liA 



}.'»IlI'j;! i> 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 397 

and his widow married secondly Col. John Henry, of Hanover county, 
and became the mother of Patrick Henry. On Oct. 7, 1732, Col. Byrd, 
on his return from his "Progress to the Mines," came to "Studley", 
the home of Mrs. Syme, then a widow. He writes: 

"In the evening Tinsley conducted me to Mrs. Sym's House, where 
I intended to take up my Quarters. This lady, at first suspecting I 
was some Lover, put on a Gravity that becomes a Weed; but so soon 
as she learnt who I was, brighten'd up into an unusual cheerfulness 
and Serenity. She was a portly, handsome Dame, of the Family of 
Esau, and seemed not to pine too much for the Death of her Husband, 
who was of the Family of the Saracens. He left a Son by her, who 
has all the strong features of his Sire, not soften'd in the least by 
any of hers, so that the most malicious of her Neighbors cant bring 
his Legitamacy in Question, not even the Parson's Wife, whose unruly 
Tongue, they say, dont spare even the Reverend Doctor, her Husband. 
This widow is a person of a lively and cheerful Conversation, with 
much less Reserve than most of her Countrywomen. It becomes her 
very well, and sets off other agreeable Qualities to Advantage. We 
tost off a bottle of honest Port, which we Relisht with a broil'd Chichen. 
At Nine I retir'd to my Devotions, and then Slept so Sound that 
Fancy itself was Stupify'd, else I should have dreamt of my most 
obliging Landlady. 

8. I moisten'd my Clay with a Quart of Milk and Tea, which I 
found altogether as great a help to discourse as the Juice of the Grape. 
The courteous Widow invited me to rest myself there that good day, 
and go to Church with her, but I excus'd myself, by telling her she 
wou'd certainly spoil my devotion. Then she civilly entreated me to 
make her House my Home whenever I visited my Plantations, which 
made me bow low, and thank her very kindly. From thence I crost 
over to Shaccoe's, and took Thomas Tinsley for my guide, finding 
the Distance about 15 Miles." 

John and Sarah (Winston) Syme had an only child, Col. John 
Syme, of Hanover, born about 1729, who was a Burgess at the session 
of Feb. 1752; but on contest, was unseated; was again Burgess for 
that county at the sessions of March 1756, Sept. 1756, April 1757. 
March 1758, Sept. and Nov. 1758, Feb. 1759, Nov. 1759, March, May 
and Oct. 1760, March 1761, Nov. 1761, Jan. 1762, March 1762, Nov. 
1762, May 1763, Jan. 1764, Oct. 1764, May 1765, Nov. 1766, March 
1767, March 1773, May 1774, June 1775, and the Revolutionary Con- 
ventions of March, July and Dec. 1775 and May 1776. Col. John 
Syme married ist, about 1750, Mildred, daughter and heiress of Nicholas 
Meriwether, Jr., and 2d, Sarah Hoops and had issue by both marriages. 

"In 1704 Peter Crutchfield owned 400 acres, and "Crutchfield Jr." 
400 acres in New Kent county. The Crutchfields later lived in Caro- 
line and Spotsylvania. The will of Stapleton Crutchfield, of Berkeley 
parish, Spotsylvania, was dated June 17 ,1788, executor's bond Sept. 
I, 1789. Executors Edward Herndon, son-in-law Samuel Woodfork 
and Richard Noel, and Edward, son of Joseph Herndon. Eldest chil- 
dren John Crutchfield, Jane Lipscomb and Agatha Woodfork ; sons 
Robert, Thomas, Stapleton and Achilles (tracts of land testator had 
in Fayette Co., Ky., to be equally divided), wife Sarah, plantation tes- 
tator lived on and at her death to be equally divided between youngest 
children, Mary, Richard, Stapleton and Achilles Crutchfield. 

William Crutchfield, of Spotsylvania, served in the Revolution as 
a seregant in the 3rd Regiment of Light Dragoons and had an only 
daughter and heir, Philadelphia Crutchfield. 



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398 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



Stapleton Crutchfield was a member of the House of Delegates for 
Spotsylvania 1807-8, 1808-9. 1908-10, 1810-11, 1817-18. He served with 
distinction as a colonel in the War of 1812. Oscar M. Crutchfield was 
a member of the House of Delegates from Spotsylvania for sixteen 
sessions between 1834-1861. He was Speaker at the sessions of Jan. 
1852, 1852-3, 1853-4, 1855-6, 1857-8, 1859-60, 1861. 

A later Col. Stapleton Crutchfield was a very gallant and distinguished 
officer in the Confederate army. 

"By deed dated March 15, 1727, Thomas Tyler, of St. Georges Parish, 
Spotsylvania County, for a consideration of £80 sterling, conveyed 
500 acres in Spotsylvania to Charles Tyler in Great Britain, in Sallop 
Co. [Shropshire] and Hopton Wafer Parish, said land having been 
patented by said Thomas Tyler June 30, 1726. 

'" A chart published a number of years ago and a brief account in 
Woods' History of Albemarle County, give considerable information 
in regard to the descendants of Christopher Clark, of Louisa county. 
For some generations the members of the family were Quakers. 

Christopher Clark was a large land owner in Louisa county and 
obtained grants within the present Albemarle county in 1732. With 
his son. Bowling, he was overseer of a Friends Meeting House near 
Southv,'est Mountain. The will of Christopher Clark was dated Aug. 
14, 1741 and proved in Louisa May 28. 1754. His legatees were: 
daughter Agnes Johnson, daughter Sarah Lynch, daughter Rachael 
Moreman, sons Micajah and Bowling, daughter Elizabeth Anthony, 
daughter Penelope Lynch, wife Penelope. The family chart gives 
Christopher a son Edward, who died in 1783. Woods' Albe)itarle 
states that most of the family removed to that part of Bedford, now 
Amherst, and that in 1754 Edward and Bowling Clark were over- 
seers of the South River Friends Meeting House. Issue of Christopher 
and Penelope Clark (as given in his will) : i. Agnes, married Benjamin 
Johnson; 2. Rachael, married ist, Thomas Moreman, 2nd, William 
Ballard; 3. Sarah, married ist, Charles Lynch, 2nd, Major Ward; 
4. Micajah''; 5. Bou'ling'; 6. Elizabeth, married April 22, 1741, Joseph 
Anthony (born May 2, 1713, died Nov. 23, 1785). 

4. Micajah'' Clark, born Sept. 16, 1718, married Judith (born Oct. 
1716), daughter of Robert Adams. Issue: 5. Christopher,^ born Feb. 20, 
1737, married Ann Ward; 6. Robert^; 7. Mourning, born April 6, 1740, 
died unmarried; 8. Micajah,^ born Feb. 27, 1741, married Milly Martin; 9. 
John, born Dec. 26, 1743, married Mary Moore; 10. Edward, born Dec. 
17. 1745. died single; 11. Penelope, born Oct. 7, 1747, married ist, Reuben 
Rowland, 2nd, Jonathan Landers; 12. Judith, born Dec. 2, 1749, married 
Andrew Moorman; 13. Bouldin, born Dec. 4, 1751, married April 27, 
1791, Elizabeth Cheadle, died Dec. 4, 1818, 14. Betty, born Jan. 14, 
1754, married Joseph Anthony; 15. James, born Jan. 16, 1757, married 
Lucy Cheadle; 16. IVilliuvv' ; 6. Robert^ Clark, born Aug. 13, 1738, 
married Susan, daughter of John Henderson, Sr., and removed to 
Bedford county and later to Clarke county, Ky. (Issue: 17. Robert, 
the first manufacturer of iron in Kentucky; 18. James,* born in Bed- 
ford Co., Va., 1779, died in Frankfort, Ky., Aug. 27, 1839; several 
times a member of the Kentucky Legislature, a judge of the Court 
of Appeals, member of Congress, 1813-16, judge of Circuit Court, 
1917-24, M. C. 1825-31, of the State Senate, and its Speaker 1832, and 
Governor from 1836 until his death; 19. Bennett* removed to Mo. 
1818. Had a son John Bullock'" Clark (born April 17, 1802, died 
Fayette, Mo., Oct. 29, 1885), commanded a regiment of Mo. volunteer 



VIRGINIA COUNCIL JOURNALS 399 

cavalry in the Black Hawk War, 1832, where he was twice wounded; 
Major-General of militia 1848; member of the legislature 1850, 1851 ; 
M. C. 1857-61 ; Brig. -General C. S. A. and commanded Missouri 
troops until disabled at the battle of Springfield, Aug. 1861 ; member 
of Confederate House of Representatives and Senate. J. B.^ Clark 
had a sun John Bullock* Clark, born in Fayette, Mo., Jan. 14, 1831 ; 
Brig.-General C. S. A. and M. C. 1871-1883.) 5. Bowling Clark, 

married Winifred — and had issue: 20. Christopher,^ born Feb. 

-9. 17431 ^1- Elizabeth, born Nov. 21, 1744. 

William^ Clark was a magistrate of Albemarle county and died in 
1800. He married Elizabeth Allen and had issue: 22. Jacobi ; 23. 
James, married Margaret, daughter of Thomas W. Lewis and removed 
to Mo. ; 24. Micajah, a prominent physician of Richmond, Va. 

'"In 1704, in King and Quenn county, John King owned 150 acres; 
Edward King, 200; Robert King, 100; and Daniel King, 200. In 
King William "Robert King's Quarter, 200 acres." 

"Judging from the quit rent roll of 1704 the only family of Holland 
then living in Virginia was in Nansemond. In that year, John Holland 
owned 700 acres, Henry 400 acres and Joseph 109 acres in that county. 

'"'' This man was either George Booker of Gloucester county, legatee 
in a will dated 1751, or his son George, named in the same will. In 
1761 Edv,ard Booker made a bequest to the children of the second 
George Booker. He may be the person of the name whose will was 
proved in Amelia, Dec. 22, 1791. For Booker genealogy see this 
Mayacwc. Vol. VII. 

'* David Walker and Mary, his wife, are shown by the Bristol Parish 
Register to have had the following children: i. Alexander, born Oct. 

3, 1727; 2. Robert, born Oct. 10, 1729; 3. David, born March 6, 1731 ; 

4. Mary, born March 6, 1731, twin with David; 5. Freeman, born 
Sept. 3, 1734; 6. James. 

Robert was probably ancestor of the family of the name at "Kingston," 
Dinwiddic county, and of the distinguished physicians, David and Robert 
Walker. See Slaughter's Bristol Parish. 232, 233. Dr. John Walker 
Brodnax, of the Medical College of Virginia, has some interesting relics 
of these, his ancestors. 

^Abraham Burton was probably a member of the family of the 
name which had several representatives in Henrico at the beginning 
of the 18th Century, when Isaac Burton owned 1000 acres, Robert 
Burton 1350 acres and Willia m Burton 294 acres in that county. 
Later thefamily scattered widely through Virginia and other states. 

"■^A deed, dated April 2, 1751, recorded in Lunenburg, conveys to 
Henry Patillo and other trustees (evidently Presbyterians) land for 
a burying ground. Dr. William Henry Patillo, of Charlotte, N. C, 
was trustee of Hampden-Sidney College 1847-1855. His father(?) 
Rev. Henry Patillo, of Granville, N . C., received the first honorary 
A. M. given by the College. 

The Bristol Parish Register contains the following: James and 
Mary Patillo had James, born Dec. 23, 1725; Ann, born July 15, 1728; 
Henry, born Oct. 31, 1730; Lucy, born Nov. 11, 1733. 

^ Richard Randolph, of "Curies Neck", Henrico county, for a notice 
of him, abstracts of his and his wife's wills and portraits of both, see 
this Magazine, XXII, 440-446. 

"Col. John Dandridge, of New Kent county, was a brother of Capt. 
William Dandridge. In 1722 he had a grant of a lot in Hampton and in 



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400 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

1747 (possibly earlier) was clerk of New Kent county. He married 
July 22, 1730, Frances, daughter of Orlando Jones, of King William 
county, and died Aug. 31, 1756, aged 56 years. (Tomb in St. George's 
Churchyard, Fredericksburg.) For an account of the descendants of 
John Dandridge, see IVilliam ami Mfjry Quarterly, V, 33-39; VI, 250, 
251. John Dandridge's daughter, Martha (June 2, 1731-May 22, 1802) 
m. 1st, 1749, Daniel Parke Custis, 2nd, Jan. 6, 1759, George Wiashington. 

^ This was Col. Thomas Jones of Williamsburg, son of Capt. Roger 
Jones. He married Feb. 14, 1725, Elizabeth, widow of William Pratt, 
of Gloucester county, and daughter of William Cocke, Secretary of 
State of Virginia. He died about 1758. Several letters written by 
Col. Jones to his future wife and other papers relating to this family 
of Jones were printed in this Maijazinc, XXVI, 70-80, 162-181, 283-289. 
The genealogy of the family is given and illustrated with many docu- 
ments in "Capt. Roger Jones of London and Virginia," by Judge L. H. 
Jones, Louisville, Ky., in two editions. 

" In the act passed November, 1720, erecting the counties of Spotsyl- 
vania and Brunswick (Hening, IV, yy et seq.) the inhabitants were 
made free of public levies for ten years beginning May i, 1721. 

"' Lt. Col. Drury Stith, sheriflF of Charles City 1719, 1724-5, died 1741. 
He married Susanna, daughter of Lancelot Bathurst, of New Kent 
county. For genealogy of the Stith family see William and Mary 
Quarterly, Vol. 21 and 22. 

(To be continued) 



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NOTES AND QUERIES 4OI 



NOTES AND QUERIES 



PETTUS— Wanted. 



1. Parentage and place of birth of Thomas Pettus, born April 
22, 1 761, whose bond for his marriage to Rhoda, daughter of Joseph 
Dawson, July 7, 1792, is of record in Amherst County, Va., with 
Pleasant Dawson as surety. 

2. Parentage and place of birth of Thomas Pettus, whose bond 
for his marriage to Polly, daughter of Henry Madison, Dec. 3, 1783, 
is of record in Charlotte County, Va., with Thomas Gaines as surety. 

3. Names of children of Stephen Pettus, Jr., and Anne, daughter 
of Thomas Dillard, who were licensed to marry, Jan. 26, 1747, by the 
records of Spotsylvania County, Va., also parentage and places and 
dates of birth and death of this Stephen Pettus. 

James M. Breckenridge, 
820 Wainwright Bldg., St. Louis. 



FRAMl-:. 



Kcply to (|ucry p. 359, Oct., 1923 issue, Va. Magazine. 

]f Mr. Clarence E. Parks will consult Chalklcy's Abstracts of 
Auyustci, Vol. 3, p. 567, he will see that Jeremiah was the son and 
heir of one Wm. Frame, transaction of May 3, 1783. Page 424, 
Vol. 2, shows that Jeremiah had gone to Ky. 

I would like to exchange Frame data with Mr. Parks, since I de- 
scend from Elizabeth Frame, born about 1775, who married Col. 
Wm. McMillan and settled in Clark (adjoining) County, Ky. 

Other Frames, early settlers of this vicinity, were : Margaret, 
daughter of David, married David Hughes; Miss Frame, ist wife 
of Jas. Kenney ; Samuel Frame; Wm. and John, sons of Wm. and 
Sarah Gibson, brothers of Elizabeth McMillan. 

Mr.s. W. H. Whitley, 
Paris, Bourbon Co., Ky. 

If Mr. Parks will write to Judge L. H. Jones, 524 ist St., Louisville, 
Ky., he may obtain information, etc. 



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402 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

STROTHER— RAINY. 

Desired: — 'Dates of births, marriages and deaths of Joseph Strother, 
son of William Strother, emigrant, and of Matthew Rainy, Revolutionary 
soldier, of Sussex County, Va., who married Judith , and re- 
moved to Georgia about 1782. 



SMITH'S FORT. 



Perhaps you already have this but I thought I'd send it to you as 
it suggests definitely the location of Smith's Fort. 

James City County Land Grants, Book 2, p. 151. "James Mason, 
60 acres commonly called by the name of Smith's Fort about 2 miles 
tip Smith's Fort Creek." (July 8, 1648). 

A. V. D. P. 



PHILIP RYAN, Henry Coukty. 

If L. H. W. will write to Mrs. M. R. Redwine, 10 The Prado, 
Atlanta, Ga., some information may be obtained. 



HOOK. 

Wanted the needed names, dates, lineage, names of descendants or 
other information concerning the following: 

1. Anthony Lewis, Serg. Inf., Rev. War, will proved May 25, 1779, 

2. William Hooke, Rev. War., married Mrs. Campbell. 

3. Captain James Hooke, 6th Va. Reg., Rev. War. 

4. George Hooke, died in Monroe Co., Indiana, March 7, 1835, 
married Jan. 8, 1789, Jane Blcakley, b. March 17, 1762, d. of Thomas 
Bleakley. All of above parties were of Rockingham Co., Virginia. 

5. Hook, soldier in Algerian War. 

6. John Hook, who received large grants of land in Franklin, Bed- 
ford, Montgomery and Patrick counties, Va., near 1786. 

7. John Hook, named in Howe's History of Va. 

George Hooke, of Rockingham Co., Virginia, will made prior to 
1825, wife Mary Ann. Issue: 

I. James W. Hooke, m. Sarah Pirkey, April 17, 181 1, issue settled 

in Missouri; 2. Elisha Hooke, m. Jane , Kentucky; 3. Robert 

Scott Hooke, m. Polly Irvine April 21, 1814, Highland Co., Va., issue; 
4. Elijah Hooke married Phebe Reeves, daughter of William Reeves, 
m. Sept. 12, 1818, went first to Ky., then to California; 5. Samuel 
Hooke, m. Malinda Parke ? No issue ; 6. Jane Hooke m. John Light 



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NOTES AND QUERIES 4^3 

I^Iarch 27, 1805, issue; 7. Easter Hooke, m. Samuel Harrison Feb. 
5, 1810, issue. 

(Mrs.) Audrey K. Spence, 

Wytheville, Va. 



POTOMAC-RAPPAHANNOCK-SHENANDOAH. 

The following interpretation of the three words may be of assistance: 

POTOMAC. "The word — is a verbal noun meaning 'something 
l)rought,' and, as a designation for a place, may perhaps be short for, 
say, Enda Patomek, 'where something is brought.' " 

RAPPAHONCK. "Rapchanck, 'the alternating stream.' The termi- 
nation ock in the Southern Lenape word may be the animate plural 
suffix; if so, the word would mean 'people of the alternating (ebb 
and flow) stream.'" 

SHENANDOAH. This is a Northern Iroquoian word, probably 
Seneca dialect, meaning The place of the hills, or, as we would say, 
The hill country. 

[The above was kindly furnished by Mr. David I. Bushnell, Jr., 
of the Bureau of American Ethnology, in response to a request.] 



RODES-YANCEY. 



There is on record in Rockingham county, the marriage bond, dated 
Feb. 4, 1827, of William Rodes and Claricy, daughter of Layton 
Yancey, of Rockingham county. ■ 



ADAMS-BEEKS-GANNAWAY. 

Ancestors and relatives wanted. Eli Adams, born Snow Hill, Md., 
1785. Father died 1795; family moved near Lebanon, Ky., about 1795. 
Eli married Elizabeth Beeks, in Xenia, O., 1810. 

John and Marmaduke Gannaway came to Virginia about 1700. Lived 
in New Kent, Buckingham, Albemarle, Cumberland, and Wythe counties. 
WTiich John died 1748 leaving 12 children? Oldest William born 1747 
(who married Elizabeth Wright. He died, Wythe Co., 1800; she mar- 
ried John Newland 1804). Mary married Capt. Wm. L. Williams, 
probably in Buckingham county before 1793. When was he captain? 
Which John married Martha W^oodson, 1773? He died Goochland 
county, 1798. Gregory born 1753, died near Cripple Creek 1804. Mar- 
ried Rhoda Robertson. A John married Mary W. Robertson. WTio 
were the Robertsons, Wrights, Williams ancestors? Which John Gan- 
naway was in the Revolutionary War ? 

Katharine K. Adams, 
1837 Greenleaf Ave., Chicago, 111. 



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404 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



GENEALOGY 



HARRISON OF JAMES RIVER 

(Continued) 

Many biographies in various collections of "lives" are mere back 
work containing little valuable information, but as has been said above, 
the writer of the life of Benjamin Harrison, in Saunderson's "Lives of 
the Signers" evidently had unusually good sources of information, 
derived no doubt from people closely associated with the subject of 
the biography. With a few unimportant exceptions, the account is 
reprinted in full here : 

"Benjamin Harrison was born in the family mansion at Berkeley, 
but on what day we have been unable to precisely ascertain. At the 
time of his father's death, he was a student in the college of William 
and Mary, but owing to a quarrel with one of the professors in which 
he was engaged, he left that institution before the usual period. Al- 
a memorial to the lords, and a remonstrance to the House of Commons, 
and decision of character, that the management of his estate, which 
was very extensive, was committed entirely to his charge soon after 
he returned from college. As the head also of a family, which had 
always been among the conspicuous political leaders of the colony, 
he was soon called on to represent his district in the provincial legis- 
lature, and took his seat in the House of Burgesses, before he had 
arrived at the age strictly required by law. To this station during 
his whole life, whenever his other political employments did not in- 
terfere with it, he was always elected, except in one solitary instance 
which we shall have occasion hereafter to notice. 

He had not long been a member of the legislature before he became 
one of the principal leaders in it. A great deal of plain, good sense 
united with a ready, sprightly manner, and much promptness and 
decision of character, rendered him highly useful. And in addition 
to this, his large fortune and his connections by marriage, which were 
extended through almost every leading family in Virginia, gave him 
great personal influence. These circumstances soon pointed him out, 
to the royal government, as one on whom their highest favors could 
be justly and advantageously conferred. The office of governor was 
always reserved for a native of Great Britain, or at least for a person 
sent directly from that country; but there remained many lucrative and 
honourable appointments for favoured colonists. Among these that of 



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GENEALOGY 405 

a member of the executive council, which answered to the English 
privy council, was the chief in point of rank, and considerable in re- 
gard to influence ; into that body the government proposed, notwith- 
standing his youth, to introduce Mr. Harrison. 

But this plan, however desirable it might seem to be to the colo- 
nial government, and indeed however just and proper in itself, was 
frustrated by the occurrences of the times. Mr. Harrison was not a 
man to be led away from conduct which he deemed correct, by any 
personal advantage. The measures which had already been adopted 
by the British ministers, although they were far from having reached 
that excess to which they were subsequently carried, were yet such 
as met with strong reprobation from all the patriotic burgesses of 
Virginia. With these he therefore united, heart and hand, in opposing 
those meiisures of the mother country, and soon became obnoxious to 
the royal party, in proportion to the zeal with which they had pre- 
viously courted him. 

On the fourteenth of November, 1764, he was appointed, with several 
distinguished members of the house, to prepare an address to the King, 
a memorial to the lords, and a remonstrance to the House of Commons, 
on the sul)ject of the resolutions which had been passed preparatory 
to the stamp act. To which of the gentlemen of the committee the 
authorship of these papers would be severally assigned, we are at 
this time of day unable to ascertain; it does not, however, seem probable, 
from the character of Mr. Harrison, that either was the production 
of his pen. It is said, by those who knew him, that he wrote with 
facility and correctness when it became necessary, but that it was an 
office he never sought, either from a natural indolence in that respect, 
or from his preference to employments of more activity and energy. 
On the eighteenth of December, the report of the committee was pre- 
sented, but such was the temper of the times, that the more prudent, 
at least the more timid, altered much which seemed to indicate too 
strongly a feeling of resistance, and left it little more than a pre- 
sentation of injured rights, and a picture of anticipated suffering. 

We have no means of tracing the particular opinions of Mr. Har- 
rison, or the incidents of his private and political life, through the 
next ten years ; and it would be exceeding the simple office of biog- 
raphy to enter into the history of Virginia during that period, al- 
though his official station closely connected him with all the important 
transactions of the times. We know, however, and it is sufficient, 
that in his opinion and his conduct, he was closely connected with 
Randolph, Wythe, Jefferson and Henry, and the other distinguished 
patriots of the day, who so carefully nourished in Virginia those 
sparks of freedom which were gradually extended throughout the con- 
tinent. 

On the first of August, 1774, the first convention of delegates from 



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406 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

the several counties and corporations of Virginia assembled at Wil- 
liamsburg. They there passed a series of resolutions, which prove the 
spirit by which they were animated; and set forth the determination 
to which they had come, of supporting to the last their American 
brethren, and opposing the designs of the mother country. With these 
objects they entered warmly into the plan which had been generally 
recommended, of assembling a congress of delegates from all the colo- 
nies, and appointed seven deputies to represent Virginia. Of these 
Mr. Harrison was one. 

On the fifth of September, 1774, the first continental congress met 
at Carpenter's Hall, in the city of Philadelphia, and Mr. Harrison, 
who was present on that day, had the satisfaction of seeing a dele- 
gate from his own state, raised by the unanimous approbation of the 
assembly, to the presidential chair. 

In the journals of this assembly, which at best present but a meager 
outline of the proceedings of a legislative body, we find but few 
notices of Mr. Harrison during the short session of 1774. 

On the twentieth of March, 1775, the second convention of dele- 
gates from the several counties and corporations of Virginia, met in 
the city of Richmond. Of this body Mr. Harrison was also a member. 
He had the satisfaction of seeing, in their first act, his country's 
approval of the measures in which he had assisted. A resolution was 
passed, in which the convention expressed its unqualified approval 
of the measures of congress, and declared that they considered the 
whole continent as under the highest obligations to the respectable 
body, for the wisdom of their councels, and their unremitted en- 
deavours to maintain and preserve inviolate, the just rights and liberties 
of their countrymen. To this they especially added their warmest 
thanks to the worthy representatives of the colony, for their cheerful 
undertaking and faithful discharge of the very important trust re- 
posed in them. 

These resolutions were shortly followed by a proposition to create 
in the province a military force, and to put it in a state of defence. 
Mr. Harrison was opposed to this measure as premature, and in his 
opposition he was supported by most of those who had sat with him 
in congress, and by Wythe, Nicholas and others, the leading patriots 
of the province. It need scarcely be said that this opposition arose 
from no personal fears, and from no unmanly spirit in regard to the 
liberties of the country. 

Early in May, 1775, Mr. Harrison again repaired to Philadelphia, 
to take his seat in congress. During his residence in this city, he 
lived in a house which may yet be seen in the northern part of the 
town, with two of his colleagues from Virginia, General Washington 
and Peyton Randolph, the distinguished president of congress. There 
Mr. Randolph died in the autumn of the same year; and General 



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GENEALOGY 4^7 

Washington having taken the command of the army in Massachusetts, 
Mr. Harrison remained alone. Within a few past years, there were 
several old and respectable inhabitants of Philadelphia, and a few 
survive, who could recollect at the period of which we are speaking, 
the cheerfulness and vivacity of his manners, and the liberality of his 
disposition. In a confined mansion then on the outskirts of the town, 
though now far within its limits, he gave to his northern friends 
some idea of that generous hospitality which had long distinguished 
the more extensive establishments at Berkeley. He, indeed, exceeded, 
in some degree, the limit of prudence; and as in those days supplies 
of money from distant landed estates were uncertain, and procured 
with difficulty, he was several times induced to borrow it from his 
friend and associate in congress, Mr. Willing. This loan at one time 
amounted to a large sum, but was punctually repaid by Mr. Har- 
rison before his death. 

Congress had scarcely met, when the duties of the president, as 
speaker of the House of Burgesses of Virginia, obliged him to re- 
linquish his honourable post and return to that state. Mr. Hancock 
had just arrived in Philadelphia; he brought with him all the fame, 
which ministerial oppression had conferred, in excluding him by name 
from the general pardon extended to the rebellious colonists; and 
he brought with too, a better claim to distinction in the generosity 
of his character, and the perfect disinterestedness of his patriotism. 
The eye of congress was immediately fixed on him as the successor 
of Mr. Randolph, and he was unanimously elected president. With 
a modesty not unnatural at his years, and a consciousness of the diffi- 
culty he might experience, in filling a station of such high importance 
and responsibility, he hesitated to take the seat to which he had been 
elected. Mr. Harrison was standing beside him, and with ready good 
humour that loved a joke even in the senate house, he seized the 
modest candidate in his athletic arms and placed him in the presidential 
chair, then, turning to some of the members around, he exclaimed, 
"we will show mother Britain how little we care for her, by making 
a Massachusetts man our president, whom she has excluded from 
pardon by a public proclamation." 

On the twenty-fourth of June, we find Mr. Harrison a member of a 
committee, appointed to devise ways and means to put the militia in a 
proper state for the defence of America; a measure leading at once, 
to the general organization of an army throughout the colonies. After 
deliberating on it for nearly a month, a plan was presented to, and 
with some alterations, adopted by congress, which formed the basis 
of the militia system throughout the war. 

On the first of August, congress adjourned, and on the eleventh of 
the same month, a convention was held at Richmond, when Mr. Har- 
rison was elected a third time to congress. On the thirteenth of 



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408 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

September he took his seat. His name soon appears among the most 
prominent and active members of the house ; and perhaps there was 
no one in it, who enjoyed more general confidence and esteem. His 
attention from the first, was strongly turned towards the miHtary 
affairs of the colonies in their organization, and in facilitating all 
the legislative details of the war, he was particularly active. In 
September, he was elected a member of a committee of three, who 
repaired immediately to the camp at Cambridge, where they had a 
long- and full conference not only with the commander-in-chief, but 
with some of the governors of the neighboring states, and arranged 
with them a system of vital importance; that of continuing, support- 
ing and regulating the continental army. He had scarcely returned 
to Philadelphia, before he was called on to make similar arrangements, 
with regard to the troops which were required for the defence of 
South Carolina and New York. He settled the details of both these 
plans, which were peculiarly difficult from the loose mode of enlisting, 
and the entire ignorance of discipline which universally prevailed. 

Towards the close of this year congress, which had hitherto con- 
fined its views to internal government, began cautiously to extend the 
circle of its relations, in anticipations no doubt subsequent events. 
They were well aware that if, as every experience seemed to indicate, 
the quarrel with the mother country should be terminated by a resort 
to arms, they ought to look for aid to her powerful rivals in the 
old world. To prepare the way for this, it was necessary to establish 
with them a species of diplomatic intercourse, though not avowedly 
with those objects, nor in the manner usually adopted between foreign 
nations. On the twenty-ninth of November, Mr. Harrison was placed, 
if we may use the expression, at the head of the department of foreign 
affairs, that is to say, he was appointed the chairman of a committee 
organized under the following cautious resolutions. "That a com- 
mittee of five be appointed for the sole purpose of corresponding with 
our friends in Great Britain, Ireland and other parts of the world, and 
that they lay their correspondence before congress when directed. That 
congress will make provision to defray all such expenses as may arise, 
by carrying on such a correspondence, and for the payment of such 
agents as they may send on this service." By this committee, and 
in this manner, was all foreign intercourse of the country conducted 
until the spring of 1777. At this time its objects had become more 
definite, and its negotiations more extensive ; its style was therefore 
altered to that of the "committee of foreign affairs," and a secretary 
was appointed with a permanent salary. This organization continued 
until the close of the war. 

Three days after Mr. Harrison had been raised to this situation, he 
was suddenly appointed by congress on a mission to Maryland. Lord 
Dunmore, the royal governor of Virginia, had been driven from that 



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GENEALOGY 4O9 

province the preceeding summer. Sacrificing or forgetting every prin- 
ciple of honourable warfare, he had collected from the shores a 
body of renegadoes, fugitive slaves and vagabonds, with whom he 
manned a number of small vessels, and plundered and laid waste the 
coast of the Chesapeake. The defenceless inhabitants applied to con- 
gress for protection against this barbarous invasion. That body were 
at a loss as to what course to adopt, for they were without a naval 
force fitted for such an enterprise. They resolved, however, without 
delay, to send Mr. Harrison to Maryland. He was empowered, with 
any one or more of the delegates of that colony, to take such measures 
as appeared most efifectual, to prevent these aggressions of the enemy. 
This duty he performed with the utmost promptness ; he caused a 
number of small vessels to be fitted out, and succeeded, to a great 
degree, in the object of his mission. 

The year 1776 opened with prospects, daily more and more un- 
favourable to the rights of the colonists. Every arrival from England 
served more and more to convince the discerning and reflecting that a 
resort to force would be inevitable. Congress saw this, and gradually 
adopted those measures which seemed most calculated to unite to- 
gether the different colonies, to augment the armed force of the country, 
and to arrange and distribute them in such a manner as best to meet 
the impending dangers. In all these measures Mr. Harrison was a 
prominent actor. On the seventeenth of January, he brought up a 
report for regulating the recruiting service; on the twenty-fourth he 
was placed on a committee to establish a general war department ; on 
the twenty-sixth we find him sent, with Messrs. Lynch and Allen, to 
New York, to arrange with General Lee a plan for its defence, and 
for the erection of important fortifications on the North and East 
rivers ; and, immediately after his return, he was named on a com- 
mittee for the purpose of arranging the proper military departments 
of the middle and southern colonies, so that the future operations of 
the war might be carried on in a manner more regular and systematic. 
To the naval resources of the colonies he also turned his attention, 
and on the sixth of March became a regular member of the standing 
committee of marine. 

On the twenty-third of March, 1776, congress passed a declaration 
which may be considered a forerunner of independence, as the issuing 
of letters of marque precedes the formal declaration of a war. After 
setting forth their grievances, the infringement of their rights, the 
rejection of their petitions, the ravages upon their coasts and the 
seizure of their property, they declare their right to make reprisals 
upon their enemies, and annoy them according to the laws and usages 
of nations ; they therefore authorize the colonists to fit out armed 
vessels and cruise agains the enemy; declare all property taken by 
them on the high seas lawful prize, and conclude by appointing a 



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4IO VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

committee to consider of the fortifying one or more ports on the 
American coast in the strongest manner, for the protection of our 
cruisers and the reception of their prizes. Of this committee Mr. 
Harrison was the chairman. 

In May we find Mr. Harrison chairman of a committee on the 
Canada expedition, and making every effort to retain the footing 
which the provincials had already gained there. For this purpose he 
had a conference with General Washington, General Gates, and General 
Mifflin, and afterwards brought the subject immediately before con- 
gress. His views were sanctioned and confirmed. The commanding 
officer in Canada was instructed to use every effort in keeping pos- 
session of the country, and to contest with the British every foot 
of ground. With a view of cutting off all communication between 
the upper country and the enemy, particular exertions were directed 
to be made on the St. Lawrence below the mouth of the Sorel. The 
troops destined for Canada were ordered to repair thither immediately; 
and those already there were assured of the resolution of congress to 
afford them every support. 

On the twenty-fifth of May, Mr. Harrison was appointed chairman 
of fourteen, who were chosen for the important purpose of conferring 
with the general officers, and arranging with them a plan for the 
ensuing campaign. This, as it involved in a great degree the future 
results of the war, was one of extreme delicacy and difficulty. A 
plan, however, was adopted and submitted to congress. It was by-, 
them referred to a committee of the whole, of which Mr. Harrison 
was chairman, and after long and numerous deliberations, measures 
were decided on, founded on the plan which had been framed by 
the first committee. 

It was found, however, at length, that the military affairs of the 
government were now become too extensive and too important, thus 
to be submitted in detached portions, as exigency required, to the con- 
sideration of temporary committees ; and that it was much more ad- 
vantageous to form a permanent body, to whom they should be gen- 
erally entrusted. On the thirteenth of June, therefore, a Board of 
War and Ordnance was appointed, consisting of five members of 
Congress and a secretary, who had the general superintendence and 
regulation of the army; to their care were committeed all the military 
stores, the distribution of money, the raising and equipping of troops, 
the destination of prisoners, and the transaction of all business re- 
lating thereto. In the subsequent affairs of the country, this Board 
became the most important. 

(To be continued) 



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GENEALOGY 4II 



THE COLONIAL ROYALLS OF VIRGINIA 



By John Royall Harris 

President of Cumberland University 

Lebanon, Tenn. 



Chapter I. 
First Two Joseiphs 



Joseph Royall, 1600-1658. Came from England in the Charitie, 
July, 1622. Living at "Ye Neak of Land", Feb. 16, 1623. At 
"Charles Cittie", Feb. 24, 1624. Married before 1637, first, 

Thomassia ; second, Ann ; third, about 1645, 

Katherine Banks, 1686. Virginia Patent Books I, II, 

III, show 1 100 acres of land granted by the king for transpor- 
tation of twenty persons into the colony, many of whom were 
of well known families. Location on Turkey Island Creek, 
Diggs Hundred, and on the James above Shirley Hundred. Since 
1637 part of this land has been in possession of descendants, the 
ancestral home known as Doghams, said to be a variation of 
some French name of a stream in Normandy, from which country 
the family went to England with William the Conquerer. Ac- 
cording to Brock, and aged Royalls, and old wax seals on Vir- 
ginia records, there was a coat of arms. 

There is no will of record, but that of Katherine, his wife, 
who married Henry Isham, and of her son by the same name, 
Henrico court records, the children can be authoritatively traced. 
The junior Henry Isham died unmarried. Mary Isham married 
William Randolph, and Ann, Francis Eppes. 

Captain Joseph Rovall, 1646-1732. Married before 1681-2, 
Mary Eppes, daughter of Col. Francis Eppes and Elizabeth Little- 
berry. Elizabeth was twice married, first to William Worsham, 
and then to Eppes, and she leaves the unusual record of having 
two daughters named Mary, one by each union. Mary Eppes 
was born 1664, and date of death is not known , Henrico records 
refer to her 1681-1698, identifying her as wife of Joseph Royall, 
brother of William Eppes, and the Eppes wills show her parent- 
age. 

Because the children of the first George Archer refer to Joseph 
Royall as father, and the latter calls them in-law, there is ground 
for the opinion that Joseph also married Archer's widow, who 
was the daughter of Major-General Abraham Wood, though 



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412 Virginia Historical Magazine 

it must have occurred between 1676, when Archer died, and 
1681-2 when Joseph and Mary Eppes were married. Counting 
the age of the Archer children, their mother must have been 
near 44 years old, or about ten years the senior of her husband. 

Virginia Patent Books, 7, 8, 9, 10, and Henrico records show 
that Captain Joseph had for himself and in connection with 
Col. William Randolph, Col. Francis Eppes, and George Archer, 
4,542 acres of land, embracing Martin's Swamp on the south 
side of the James, and tracts on north side of the Appomattox 
River, and on Proctor's Creek. His title, service as sheriff, 
and as vestryman in Curl's Episcopal Church, and innumerable 
references to him in public documents enable us to know much 
of him and his issue. Up to now no will has been found, but 
land conveyances and other records clearly prove what is here 
included. 

Issue: Joseph Royall, Jr., Henry Royall, William Royall, 
Sarah Royall. Traced in Chapter II. 

3. RovALL. Daughter of (i). Married Dennis, 

and had before 1686 one son Richard Dennis. 

4. Sar.\h Royall. Daughter of (i). Married John Wilkinson, 
and had before 1686 Sarah Wilkinson. 

5. Kathekixe Royall. Married first Farrar, and before 

1686 had daughter Katherine Farrar. Second, Richard Perrin, 
and had by same date Richard, Mary, Sarah, and Ann Perrin, 
Perrin's will, 1695, mentions wife Katherine, daughters Sarah 
Perrin, Mary Napier, and granddaughter Sarah Farrar. 

6. Royall. Daughter of (i). Married Maschell, 

and had before 1686 son "Maiden Mas