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Full text of "The Virginia magazine of history and biography"

j^ENETALO V ^OLLECTIOr^ 



..^LIjEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01740 4473 



GENEALOGY 
575.5 
V82385 
1894-1895 



Digitized by tine Internet Arciiive 

in 2010 witii funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/virginiamagazine189495bruc 



THE 



VIRGINIA MAGAZINE 

OF 

HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY, 




Published Quarterly by 



THE VIRGINIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

FOR 

THE YEAR ENDING JUNE, 1895. 



VO LU IVl E II. 



Richmond. Va: 

HOUSE OF THE SOCIETY 

No. 707 East Fkanklin St. 



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PUBLICATION COMMITTEE. 

ARCHER ANDERSON, 
CHARLES V. MEREDITH, 
' LYON G. TYLER. 
■ • E. V. VALENTINE, 
WM. H. PALMER. 



Editor of the Magazine, 
PHILIP A. BRUCE. 



WILLIAM ELLIS JONES, PRINTER, 
RICHMOND, VA. 



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Table of Contents. 



Affairs in Virginia, 1626 50 

Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents 60, 178, 306, 414 

Book Reviews 109, 229, 350, 44S 

Causes of Discontent in Virginia 166, 2S9, 38c 

First Legislative Assembly in America 55 

Genealogy — Floiirnoy Family Sr, iQO, 31S- 437 

Historical Notes and Queries 91, 2:4, 338, 426 

Indian Wars in Augusta County, Virginia ... 397 

Instructions to Governor Yeardley, 1618 t54 

Instructions to Governor Yeardley, 1626 393 

Instructions to Governor Berkeley, 164 c 2S1 

Letters of William Fitzhugh 15, 121, 259, 370 

Necrology of Virginia Historical Society 328, 435 

Public Officers in Virginia, 1702, 1714 i 

Proceedings of Virginia Historical Society, January No i-xxiv 

Proceedings of Executive Committee, April No i -ii 

Publications Received 119, 239, 355, 453 

Racing in Colonial Virginia 293 

Robert Beverley and his Descendants 405 

Two Wills of Seventeenth Century 174 

Virginia Officers in Continental Line 241, 357 

Virginia Troops in French and Indian Wars 37, i43 

Will of William Fitzhugh 276 






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Virginia Historical Society 



At the meeting of the Executive Committee of the Virginia 
Historical Society, held February 9th. 1S95, the President of the 
Society, Mr. Joseph Bryan, announced the following Standing 
Committees for the year 1S95: 

FINAXCE. ---'-'■' 

. ■*' JOSEPH BRVAX. 

VIRGINIUS NEWTON, 
B. B. MUNFORD. 
R. L. TRAYLOR, 
R. T. BROOKE. 



PUBLICATION. 

ARCHER ANDERSON, 
LYON G. TYLER, 
C V. MEREDITH, 
E. V. VALENTINE, 
WM. H. PAL.MER. 

Editor of Magazine. 
PHILIP A. BRUCE. 



MEMBERSHIP. 

W. P. PALMER. M. D. 
R. H. GAINES, 

D. C. RICHARDSON, 

E. C. VENABLE. 



LIBRAR Y. 

J. L. M. CURRY, 
PHILIP A. BRUCE, 
W. G. STANARD, 
BARTON H. WISE, 
CHARLES W. KENT 



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ii VIRGINIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

At tlie same meeting of the Committee the followmg letter 
trom the Corresponding Secretary of the Old Dominion Chapter 
of the Daughters of the American Revolution was read, and 
was ordered to be printed in the April (1895; Magazine : 

409 West Franklin Street, 

Richmond, Va., January 5th, 1S95. 
Mr. Joseph Bryan, 

President of tJie Virginia Historical Society : 

My Dear Sir,— At a meeting of the Old Dominion Chapter of Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution on January 3d, 1S95, an extract was 
read from your address before the Virginia Historical Society, as pub- 
lished in the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. II, No. 
3. January, 1S95 : " These organizations (Association for the Preservation 
of Virginia Antiquities, Colonial Dames of America and Old Dominion 
Chapter of Daughters of the American Re>-olution) presented to the 
Society last year i902.6o in cash." The Old Dominion Chapter desires 
to call the attention of the President of the Virginia Hislorical Society 
to the lact, that on March 13th. 1S93. the Regent of the Old Dominion 
Chapter sent him a check for 5S01.30, that on November 15th, 1S94, the 
Chapter donated ^62.10 to furnishing of rooms and purchase of maga- 
zines, making 5S63.40. That so far as known to the Old Dominion 
Chapter, the Societies for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities and 
Colonial Dames of America, during 1S93, did not contribute to the 
\'irginia Historical Society, nor is any record of any gift on the minutes 
of those S. cieties, as is reported to the Old Dominion Chapter by the 
Recording Secretaries thereof The Old Dominion Chapter respectfully 
begs that a statement of the sums contributed by them be inserted in 
the ne.xt number of the Magazine, as they have publicly stated that 
prior to November, 1S94, they were the only one of these patriotic 
Societies to contribute to the Virginia Historical Society, and so far as 
they know, they are the only one of these Sncieties named which has 
contributed, except in furnishing rooms and periodicals. 
Very truly yours, 

Mrs. Decatur Axtell, Corresponding Secretary, 
Old Dominion Chapter of Daughters of the American Revolution. 



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THE i • • ^ 



Virginia Magazine 

OF 

HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY. 

Vol. II. JULY, 1S94. ^ No. i. 

Public Officers in Virginia, 1702, 1714. 



[Virginia— Board of Trade— Vol: 14.] 

T/ie Present State of Virginia for ye year 1714 zi'ith respect 
to the Colony in General. 

The Right Hono^'^ George Earl of Orkney, His Maj" Lt. & 
Governor General, The Hono''*" Alexander Spotswood, Lt. 
Governor and Commander in chief. 

Council. '"" "-• '■■":'^ •■'-""•' ^^' •" 

Robert Carter, James Blair, Philip Ludvvell, John Smith, John 
Lewis, William Byrd, William Cocke, Nathaniel Harrison, 
Mann Page & Robert Porteus, Esq". 

Wm. Robertson, Clerk. Wm. Cragg, Boor Keeper. ^,>< 

Principal Officers by Patent & Otherwise. 

Commissary for ye Bishop of London. — The Rev'^ Mr. James 
Blair. 

Secretary of ye Colony. — William Cocke, Esq'. 

Auditor of His MajUs Reveymes. — Wm. Blathwait, Esq^ 

Receiver Gen' II of His Maj'ts Reveyiues. — Wm. Byrd. Esq'. 

Deputy Azidiior. — Philip Ludwell, Esq'. 

^//^r;z^_>/ 6^^-^'//.— John Clayton, Esq'. 



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2 pcia. virginia historical magazine. 

Officers of the Gen'll Court & Vice Admiralty. 

Robert Carter. James Blair, Philip Ludwell, John Smith, John 
Lewis, \Vm. Byrd, Wm. Cocke, Nathaniel Harrison, Mann Page 
& Robert Porteus, 'Esq;', Judges of ye s'd General Court. 

Chicheley Corbin Thacker, Gierke. 

John Holloway, /«(/^6' of ye s'd Goicrt of Vice Admirally. 

John Clayton, Advocate. 

Ch' Jackson, Register. ,, ; , 

Francis Tyler, Marshall. 

7 - District Officers of ve Custom's. 

Wm. Keith, Esq'', Sut-veyor Ge7icrall. 

Upper part of James River. — G;//^^/c;r, Edward Hill, Naval 
Oj^cer, Francis Lightfoot. 

Lower part. — Gollector, Francis Kannaday, Naval Officer, 
John Holloway. George Walker, Searcher. 

York River. — Collector, Wm. Buckner, Naval Officer, Nathan' 
Burwell. Robert Jones, Searcher. 

Rappahanock. — Collector, Rich^ Chichester, Naval Officer, 
Ch'' Robir7on. 

Yo^om^cV. — Collector, Dan' M'Carty, Naval Officer, Thomas 
Lee. 

Eastern Shore. — Collector, Henry Scarbrugh, Naval Officer, 
Wm. Waters. Robert Howsen, Surveyor. 

Lynhaven Bay & Elsabeth. — Sampson Trevethan, Surveyor. 

Escheators. 

For the South side of ffiynes River. — Wm. Byrd, Esq'. 
Betdjeen James Of y'ork Rivers. — Philip Ludwell, Esq'. 
Between York & Rappahanock Rivers. — ^John Lewis, Esq^ 
For the Eastern Shore. — Hancock Custis, gent. 

Officers of the Assembly. 
Peter Beverley, Speaker, 

Benj* Goodwin, Chaplain. . - 

Wm. Robertson, Clerk of ye General Assembly. 
Rich*^ Buckner, Clerk of the House of Btirgesses. 
John Clayton, Clerk of the Committee of Propositions & 
Grievances. . . 



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4 PUBLIC OFFICERS IN VIRGINIA. I702, I714. 

Miles Cary, Clerk of the Committee of Claims. 

Francis Tyler, Messenger. 

4 Door Keepers. e. 



The present State of Virginia, for the year IJ14, z<.iih respect to 
the Coimtys in particular. 

Accomack County. 

Acres of Land. — 239,462. v 

Tithables. — 1,055. '• ! i.Ki'.' vav , '^'•',. _•'•;,■• ' '. 

Jv^^rz^— Ed w'^ Robins. i'. :,,:■.. A'i::)' Aitniv^-.^i S -; 

Coroner. — Tully Robinson. 

fustices of the Peace. — Wm. Custis, Edm'^ Scarbrugh, Tully 
Robinson, Geo: Parker, Jn° Bradhurst, Hancock Custis, Jno. 
Watts, Cha: Bailey. 

Quorum. — Edw"^ Robins, Rich'^ Kitson, Hen: Scarbrugh, Ken: 
Custis, Tho: Custis, Skinner Wallop, Wm. Burton. 

Burgesses. — Tully Robinson, Rich/ Drumond. 

Tobacco Agents. — Hen: Scarbrugh, James Kemp. 

Number of Storehouses. — 2. 

County Clerk. Snead. 

Surveyor. — Cha: Bailey. 

Parish. — Accomack, X Cf-'fi'-'": '■ 

Minister. — Mr. Black. 

Charles City County. 

Acres of Land. — 57,939. 

Tithables. — 553. ,, Jr:' X.onv,.!:y.. f 

Sheriff.— K\c\i^ Dennis. 

Coroners. — Littleberry Epes, Jn" Stith. 

Justices of the Peace. — Jno. Stith, Rich* Bradford, Drury 
Stith, Jn" Epes, Sam' Harwood, Rich'^ Dennis. 

Qicorum. — J as: Harwood, James Joyeux, Lewellin Epes, Geo: 
Hunt, James Maunder. 

Burgesses. — Littlebury Epes, Sam' Harwood. 

Tobacco Agent. — Littlebury Epes. 

Number of Storehouses. — i. ^ . • • . 



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4 ,.-,,u( VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

County Clerk. — Littlebury Epes. i ,,,,. . ;. v j ^,.. 

Surveyor-. — Rob' Boiling. ^ ,.> ,,.,,..; 

Parishes. — Westover part, Weyanoke. 
Minister. — Cha: Anderson. 

' "" ' Eliza. City County. 

Acres of Land. — 33,854. 

Tithables. — 610. ■.•.,,_. \):^.\\^f:-: 

6"//^^/;^.— Era: Ballard. ' - 

Coroner. — Wm. Armistead. 

Justices of the Peace.— Jn'' Holloway, Wm. Lowry, Wm. 
Armistead, Era: Ballard, Tho: Tabb, Anth" Armistead, Simon 
Hoilier. 

Quorum.— Wm. Bosvvell, John Bailey, John Moore, Tho: 
Wyth, John King, Mark Johnson. 

Burgesses. — Wm. Armistead, Rob' Armistead. 

Tobacco Agent. — Rob' Armistead. 

Number of Storehouses. — i. 

County Clerk. — Cha' Jennings. . -,, K :.;.-•. (.-=■ 

Surveyor. — Wm. Lowry. ;:,>-■> ,.<-■. '.■■;. '.-.a-v:- 

Parish. — Eliza. City, 

Minister. — And"" Thomson. • v, 



A.7^i ^;. :.cKi.-' Essex County. 

Acres of Land. — 190,352. 

Tithables. — 1,653. 

5>^^rz/f".— Leo: Tarrent. FarUr. Ino. VVor- 

Coro7iers. — ^Jno. Catlett, Law: Taliaferro. 

Justices of the Peace.— K\z\i^ Covington, Jn" Lomax, Jas. 
Smith, Hen: Robinson. 

Quorum.— Wtc\. Woodford, Paul Micou, Wm. Daingerfeild, 
Wm. Young, Leo: Tarrent. ^_ ,^^,^ ,, .^^ 

.5«r^<?j.y^.y.— Era: Gouldman,Jno. Hawkins. 

Tobacco Age7its.—K\c\i^ Buckner, Rob' Beverley, Joseph 
Smith. 

Number of Storehouses. — 4. 

Cou7ity Clerk. — Rich^ Buckner. -.iif ¥^'n\^ \\>tn. 

Surveyor.— Aug' Smxih. ,eo.- Koeettson. Itto. r.>rion. 






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'' PUBLIC OFFICERS IX VIRGINIA, I702, I714. 

Parishes. — South ffarnham, St. Anns, St. Marys, 

Ministers. — Lewis Latane. Tho : Edwards. Owen Jones. 

Gloucester County. 

Acres of Land. — 133,544. .■^.- .>, ,a --.^^ 

Tithables. — 2,%o\. ;,.-.. •,. c,. / ; ' 

, Sheriff.— Y\{\\. ^mM\\. " ' -' 

Coroners. — Tho: Buckner, Amb: Dudley. 

Justices of the Peace. — Mordecai Cooke, Peter Kemp, Nath' 
Burwell, Gab: Throckmorton, David Alexander. 

Quorum. — Wm. Smith, Tho: Read, Phil: Smith, Hen: Armi- 
stead, Henry Whiting. Aug' Smith, Cha: Tomkies, Wm. Kemp. 

Biirgesses. — Peter Beverley, Mordecai Cooke. 

Tobacco Agents. — Jno. Smith, Esq', Henry Whiting, Giles 
Cooke. 

Number of Storehouses. — 5. .., ' 1 ^ . ' 1 , ,. , , - ,.; 

County Clerk. — Peter Beverley. 

Surveyor. — Tho: Cooke. 

Parishes. — Abbington, Petso, Ware. Kingston, 

Ministers. — Guy Smith. Em: Jones. James Clack. Fra: Mylner. 

y ' ' . • ' ' Henrico County. 

Acres of Land. — 196,683. '' ' ^' ■ 

^ Tithables.—i.2)35- - : *:; ;''U. 

•' Sheriff. — ^Jn" Worsham. 

Coroner. — ffra: Epes. 

Justices of the Peace. — Fra: Epes, Wm. Farrar, Jno. Wor- 
sham, Jos: Royall, Jn" Boiling, Rich'^ Cocke, Tho: Jefferson. 

Quoru7n. — Abra Salle, Isham Epes, Wm. Kennon, Tho: Ran- 
dolph, Hen: Randolph, jun'', Jno: Archer, Jno: Redford. 

Bitrgesses. — ^Jno. Boiling, ffra: Epes, jun^ 

Tobacco Agents. — Wm. Randolph, Fra: Epes, jun^ Wm. 
Kennon. 

Nuynber of Storehouses. — 6. 

County Clerk. — Wm. Randolph. 

Surveyor. — Fra: Epes, jun'. 

Parishes. — Varina als Henrico, Bristoll part. King Wm. 

Ministers. — Wm. Finnie. Geo: Robertson. Jno. Carion. 






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6 .| VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. r , 

.V. r. .--! James City County. 

Acres of Land. — 117.337. .. 

Tithables. — 1,535. 

Sheriff. — Wm. Marston. 
" Coroners. — Tho : Cowles, Jno. Geddis, David Bray. 

Justices of the Peace. — James Bray, Jn" Frayser, Hen: Soane, 
jun^ Wm. Broadnax, Edw*^ Jaque'.in, Fred: Jones. 

Quorum. — Vion^o Ing'.es, Arch: Blair, James Duke, David 
Morce, Fra: Lighttbot, Wni. Marston. 

Burgesses. — Geo: Marable, Henry Soane, jun\ Ed'^'^ Jacquelin, 
for y^ City. 

Tobacco Agent.— Henry Soane, jr. 

Number of Storehoitses. — 3. 

County Clerk. — Wm. Robertson. 

Surveyor. — Simon Jeffrys. 

Parishes. — Wallingford, Wilmington, James City, Eruton part. 

Minister. — James Blair. 

Isle of Wight County. 

Acres of Land. — 168,026. 

Tithables. — 1,223. • '. ---^ v^-.: •'"■ ' r't'^^^'-y'^ 

^■/z^rz^.—Nath' Ridley. ' - ' • - •"•••• 

Justices of the Peace. — Anth" Holladay, Arthur Smith, Tho: 
Pitt, Wm. Bridger, Hen: Applewaite, Jos: Godwin, Tho: Hill, 
Andrew Woodley. 

Quorum. — Xath' Ridley, Tho: Walton, Geo: Norsworthy, 
James Day, Burnaby Mackeny, Tho: Brewer. . :■. ^ -: ; 'lo. 

Burgesses. — Wm. Bridger, Joseph Godwin. '' 

Tobacco Agents. — Joseph Godwin. Wm. Bridger. 

Number of Storehouses. — 2. 

County Clerk. — Henry Lightfoot. 

Surveyor. — J n° Allen. - 

Parishes. — Warwick Creek, Newport, 

Ministers. — Alex. Forbes. And' Monro. 

King & Queen County. 

Acres of Land. — 218,304. 

Tithables. — 1,814. ■■.■■■ 



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° PUBLIC OFFICERS IN' VIRGINIA, 1~02, 1714. 7 

Sheriff. — ^Jn° Madison. 

Coroners. — Geo: Braxton, Tho. Pettit. 

Justices of the Peace. — ^Jno. HoUoway, Rich'^ Anderson, \Vm. 
Bird, James Taylor, Geo: Braxton, Tho: Pettit, Jn° Madison, 
Law' Orill, Rob^ Pollard. 

Quonofi. —SdiVTi- Mathews, Jer: Clowder, Rich"^ Johnson, Isaac 
Hill, VVm. Southeriand, Gawin Corbin, Jno. Baylor, Tho: Walker, 
Wm. Todd. 

Burgesses. — Jno. Holloway, Wm. Bird. 

Tobacco Age7its. — Rob' Beverley, Jno. Baylor. 

Nmnber of Storehouses. — 4. 

Coimty Clerk. — C. C. Thacker. 

Surveyor. — Harry Beverley. I- V '.;:.: v. 

Parishes. — St. Stephens, Stratton Major, 

Miiiisters. — Ralph Bowker. Jno. Skaife. 

■■ ^ 'Jj ■ KixG William County. 

Acres of Land. — 14,600. 

Tithables. — 1,226. " ''^ ^- --.r^ ■•^.-.^^ ■■•; M;,t]ii 

Sheriff.— Wm. Smith. •' ^ - ■'•■ "' 1 ^'-m^: 

Coroners. — ^Jno. Walker, Wm. Anderson. 

Justices of the Peace. — Jno. Waller, Tho. West, Geo: Dabney, 
Nath' West, Phil: Whitehead, Wm. Anderson, Jn° Butts, Augt. 
Moore. 

Quorum. — Tho. Johnson, Geo: Purchase, Jno. Chiles, Tho: 
Carr.jun', Wm. Smith, Jn" Ouarles, Ralph Crawforth. 

Burgesses. — ^Jn" Waller, Orlando Jones. 

Tobacco Agents.— Jno. Waller, Wm. Aylett, Nat: West, Tho; 
Carr, Tho: Butts. 

JVumber 0/ Storehouses. — 7. 

County Clerk. — Wm. Aylett. 

Surveyor. — Harry Beverley. - -«. . 

Parish. — St Johns, 

Minister. — ^Jno. Monro. 

Lancaster County. 

: Acres of Land. — Proprietors. 
Tithables. — 1,019. 
Sheriff. — Tho: Lee. 



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VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Coroners. — \Vm. Ball, Jn° Tubervile. 
i Justices of the Peace.— Henry Fleet, Wm. Ball, Jno. Tuber- 
vile, Rich'' Ball.Tho: Pinkard. 

Quorum.— Tho: Carter, Rich^ Chichister, Row^'^ Lawson, 
Hugh Brent, Geo: Heale, Rawleigh Chin, Jas: Ball, Tho: Lee. 
Burgesses. — Wm. Ball, Edwin Conway. 
Tobacco Agent. — Tho: Carter. 
Nu7nber of Storehouses. — 2. 

County Clerk. — ^Jos: Tayloe. (,;;, •, , 

/'^z;7".j//^.y.— Christ Church, White Chappell, r, ,. .,;..> 
Minister.— Jno. Bell. 

Middlesex- County. 

Acres of Land. — 71,264. 

Tithables. — 926. 

Sheriff. — Jno. Vivion. .'nr ■fi,.isr. 

Corojier. — iMatf" Kemp. 

Justices of the Peace.— S' \Nm. Skipwith, Barronett, Mathew 
Kemp, Jno. Smith, Ch' Robinson, Geo: Wortham, Rob' Danieil, 
Jn° Smith, Sen'. 

Ouonun. —Kogev Jones, Oliver Segar, Garrett Minor, James 
Walker, Jn" Grymes, Jno. Price, Jno. Vivion, Jno. Wormley. 

Burgesses. — ^Jno. Robinson. Chr. Robinson. 

Tobacco Agent. — Jno. Robinson. 
V Number of Storeho2ises. — i. 

Cottnty Clerk. — Wm. Stanard. 

Surveyor. — Tho: Cooke. L\rv 

• /'arz.yi.— Christ Church, 
■ Minister. — Earth" Yates. 

Nansemond County. 

Acres of Land. — 142,834. 

Tithables. — 1,250. 

Sheriff.— \Nm. Butler. 

Coroners.— Tho: Jordan, Tho: Godwin, James Reddick. 

fustices of the Peace.— Tho: Godwin, Tho: Milner, Cha: 
Drury, Wm. Wright, Jn° Lear, Rob' Peale, Henry Baker, Jos : 
Meredeth. 



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JO" PUBLIC OFFICERS IX VIRGINIA. I702. I714. 9 

Oicoriini. — Jn" Norsworthy, Tho: Jordan, jun"", Jn" Yeates, Wm. 
Butler, Jno. Wright, Edw^ Hawstead, Gresham Coffeild, Tho: 
Norfleet. 

Burgesses. — Tho: Godwin, Wm. Wright. 

Tobacco Agents. — Wm. Wright, Tho: Godwin. - ' .: 

Number of SloreJioiises. — 5. 

Coiaiiy Clerk. — Mich' Archer. 

Surveyor — Tho: Milner. 

Parishes. — Lower parish, Upper parish, Chuckatuck, 

Ministers. — Mr. Ransford. Mr. Walhce. 

Norfolk County. 

Acres of Land. — 122,061^2. ' . ' 

Tiihables. — 891. ■, ■. :" i.t-- .,' k'.-\' \',^^',r ' r.n 

Sheriff. — Jonas Holladay. 

Coroners. — Tho. Willoughby, Sam' Boush. 

Justices of the Peace. — Sam' Boush, Matl'' Godfrey, Wm. 
Langley, James Wilson, Mati" Spivy. 

Quorum. — Geo: Newton, Jonas Holladay, Jn" Hoisted, Wm. 
Crawford. 

Burgesses. — Geo: Newton, Wm. Crawford. 

Tobacco Ageyit. — Sam' Boush. , 

Ntimber of Storehouses. — 2. 

Cotoity Clerk. — Lem' Wilson. " .v / 

Surveyor. — Lem' Newton. 

New Kent County. 

Acres of Land. — 200,649. 

Tithables. — 1,852. 

Sheriff. — Tho: Barbar. 

Coroners. — ^Jas, Foster, Jn" Dibdale, Nich" Meriwether. 
Justices of the Peace. — Joseph Foster, James Moss, John 
Stanup, Nich" Meriwether, Geo: Keeling, Henry Chiles, Rich* 
Littlepage, Roger Thompson. 

Quorum. — ^Jn" Dibdale, Rob' Anderson, Jno. Scott, Tho: Butts, 
Jno. Foster, Tho: Barbar, jun", Ale.x: Walker, Jn" Sclater. 

Burgesses. — Nich" Meriwether, Jn" Stanup. 

Tobacco Agents. — Tho: Carr, Tho: Butts, Rich* Littlepage. 






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10 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZTXE. J I 

Nuviber of SioreJwiises. — 4. 

Cou7ity Clerk. — ]v° Thornton. 

Surveyor. — Val: Minge. 

Parishes. — Blisland, St. Peters, St. Pauls, 

Ministers. — Dan' Taylor. \Vm. Brodie. Tho: Sharp. 

•/?-.;/.'vv >• Northumberl'd Couxtv. ' "• . ' ■- • 

Acres of La?id.—?vopnt{ov'i. 
. Tithables. — 1,272. 

Coroners. — Jn" Sanders, Edw"^ Sanders. 

Justices of the Peace. — Peter Hack, Ch"" Xeale. Jn" Howson, 
Peter Presley, Jn" Stepto, Jn" Claughton, Jn" Taylor, Jn" Ingram. 
Wm. Jones. 

Oiiornm.—^\c\\^ Lee, Griffin ffantleroy, Rich'^ Neale, Rich^ 
Span, Geo: Ball, Rich'^ Hull, Jn" Coppage, Tho: Hughlet. 

Burgesses. — Ch"" Neale, Rich'^ Neale. 

Tobacco Agents. — Rich'^ Neale. Geo: Eskridge. 

Number of Storehouses. — 3. 

Coimty Clerk. — Tho: Hobson. 

Surveyor. — ^Jn" Coppage. ■..•-■; ./a 

Parishes. — Fairieild, Wiccocomico. 

Minister. — Mr. Spann. 

Northampton County. 

Acres of Land. — 103,840. 

Tithables.— ?>2,i. ,.. , 

Sheriff.— ]v)r Powell. 

Coroner. — Geo: Harmanson. 

Justices of the Peace. — Benj' Nottingham, Hillary Stringer, 
Jn° Harmanson, Jn° Powell, Wm. Kendall. Obedi: Johnson. 

Quorum.— ]u° West, Wm. Kendall, jun', Jn° Marshall, Jn° 
Savage, Henry Blair, Jn" Hunt. 

Burgesses. — Wm. Waters, Cha:ffloyd. 

County Clerk. — Rob' Howson. 

Surveyor. — Cha: Bailey. 

Parish. — Hungars, .. ...... ' . ' 

Minister. — Pat: Faulkner. 



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lij public officers ix virginia, 1702. i714. h 

Prinxess Ann County. 

Acres of Land. — 106,639. 

Tithables. — 921.' 

Sheriff. — Jn° Cornick. 

Coroners. — Edw^ Moseley, Jn° Moseley. 

Justices of the Peace. — Edvv'^ Moseley, Soloman White, Henry 
Spratt, Jn" Moseley, Horatio Woodhouse, Jn° Cornick, Hen: 
Chapman. 

Quorum. — Wm. Smith, Geo: Hancock, Cha: Saver, Tho: 
Keeling, Samp. Trevethan, Edw^ Moseley,j'un', Tho: Corprew, 
Edw'^ Lament, Jn° Bollitho. 

Burgesses. — Max: Boush, Tho : Walke. .> i r .^^ •.. '■'■ 

Tobacco Agent. Walke. s; . 

Number of Storehouses. — i. . jij 

Co2cnty Clerk. — Ch' Cocke. . ;-,. r'wriv .-, vVV; 

Surveyor. — Lem' Newton. 

Parish. — Lynhaven, 

Minister. — Mr. Tenant. .-v.- \\. 



Prince George County. 



Acres of Land, — 118,764. i . , /'.-f 

Tithables. — 1,040. 

Sheriff. — Samp: Meredeth. 

Coroners. — Wm. Harrison, Henry Batt. 

Justices of the Peace. — Cha: Goodrich, John Hamlyn, Jn" Poy- 
thress, Peter Jones, Randle Piatt, Rob' Mumford, Rob' Hall, 
Henry Duke. 

Quorum. — Stith Boiling, Sampson Meredith, James Thweat, 
Jn° Hatch, Rob' Boiling, Jn" Hardiman, Lewis Green, jun', Edw" 
Wyatt, Jn° Peterson, Rich'* Hamlyn. 

Burgesses. — Edw** Goodrich, Jn" Hamlyn. 

Tobacco Agents. — Rob' Mumford, Jn" Hamlyn Rand. Piatt, 
Jn" Simons. 

Number of Storehouses. — * 

County Clerk. Hamlyn. 

Surveyor. — Rob' Boiling. 



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12 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZIXE. '' 

Parishes.— BrestoU part, Martin Brandon. 

Ministers. — Geo. Robertson. Jn" Worden. 

Richmond County. 

Acres of Land. — Proprietors, 

Tithables. — 1,799. 

Sheriff. — Cha' Barbar. 

Coro7iers.—^d,\\^ Banow, Nich'^ Smith, Alex: Donaphan. 

Justices of the Peace.— Wex: Donaphon, Jn' Tarpley, Cha: 
Barbar, Edw^ Barrovv, Nich" Smith, Joseph Deeke, Wm. Wood- 
bridge, Wm. Thornton. 

Qiionim.—i:ho: GrirSn, Jno. Tayloe, Moore ffantleroy, Jon' 
Gibson, Rich'^ Taliaferro, Aug' Brockeabrough. 

B 7irg esses.— Wm. Robinson. Wm. Thornton. 

Tobacco Agents.— W'xn. Robinson, Wm. Thornton, Wm. 
Tayloe, Jno. Tarpley. 

Nicmber of Storehouses. — 6. 

Cotinty C/.?r/&.— Marm: Beckwith. 

Surveyor. — Wm. Thornton. 

Parishes. — St. Marys, Sittenborne, North ffarnham, 

Ministers.— Mr. Bagg.[?] Peter Kippax. 

.,^ , - r .^ .. r Surry County. 

Acres of Land. — 146,302. 

Tithables. — i ,320. 

Coroner. — Wm. Edwards. 

Justices of the Peace.— \Wm. Brown, Tho: Holt, Sam' Thom- 
son, Wm. Edwa.-ds, Wm. Cocke, Waller Cocke, Etheld' Tay- 
lor, Rob' Rutifin. Hen: Harrison. 

Quorii?n.—]x\' Simons, Wm. Gray, Jn" Nickells, Walter ftlood, 
Howell Edmonds, Jn" Holt, Wm. Rookins, Tho: Collyer, Wm. 
Drew. 

Burgesses.— \Wm. Gray, Jn" Simons. 

Tobacco Age}>ts.—\Ym. Grdiy, In" S'xmons. 

Number of Storehouses. — 3. 

County C/(?r/^.— Jn" Allen. 

Surveyor. — ^Jn' Allen. 









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PUBLIC OFFICERS IN VIRGINIA, I702, 1714. 13 

Parishes. — Southwark, Lyons Creek. 
Minister. — Mr. Cargill. ,. . 

</-.;• >./ / ,,,. Stafford County. 

Acres of Land. — Proprietors. :-(..., 

Tithables.-i.obc^. ,. .^;^.;.::.^^ ,,^, H;,vn,ar, l>en-' 

Sheriff. — Geo: Mason, Jr. . ' 

Corojiers. — Jn" Waugh, ]n° West. 

Justices of the Peace. — Geo: Mason, Rice Hooe, Jn^ Wash- 
ington, Jos: Sumner, Dade iMassie,Jn'' West. 

Quorum. — Geo: Anderson, Jn" Waugh, Geo: Mason, jun^ 
James Jameson, Hen: Fitzhugh, Tho: Lunn, Raw' Travis, Jn' 
Mozey. • 

Burgesses. — Henry Fitzhugh, Jno. Waugh. 

Tobacco Agents. — ^Jn° Waugh, Hen: Fitzhugh. 

Number of Storehouses. — 3. 

County Clerk. — Tho: Fitzhugh. 

Surveyor. — Tho: Gregg. 

Parishes. — St. Pauls, Overworton. 

Minister. — Mr. Scott. 

■4... .JT f ^.1- Warwick County. 

Acres of La?id. — 39,213. . ' 

Tiihables.—6oi^. 

Coroner. — Tho: Merry. 

Justices of the /'^a^r^'. — Miles Wills, Tho: Charles, Mathew 
Jones, Tho: Haynes, Tho: Cary, Humph r Harwood. 

Quorum. — Fra: Jones, Wm. Harwood. Nath' Hoggard, Wm. 
Cole, Tho: Haynes, jun'', Henry Cary, jun^ 

Burgesses. — Miles Wills, Wm. Harwood. 

Tobacco Agent. — Miles Wills. 

Number of Storehouses. — 2. 

County Clerk. — Miles Cary. 

Surveyor. — Wm. Lowry. 

Parishes. — Mulberry Island, Denby. 

Minister. — Mr. Sclater. 



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14 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Westmorland County. •'•' 

Acres of Land. — Proprietors. 

Tithables. — i ,543. 

Coroners. — Jn' Bushrod, Geo: Eskridge. 

Justices of the Peace. — Will" Allerton, Jn" Harman, Benj' 
Berryman, And'^ Monro. 

Quorum. — Hen: Ashton, Jn' Bushrod, Burdit Ashton, Geo: 
Eskridge, Dan' M=Carty, Tho: Bonam, Rich^ Watts, Jn° Chilton, 
Ja' Baile. 

Burgesses. — Will" Allerton, Geo. Eskridge. 

Tobacco Agetits.—WWl" A.\\&non; Geo: Eskridge, Hen: Fitz- 
hugh. 

Number of Storehouses. — 4. 

County Clerk. — Jn" Westcomb. ■''''.^'• 

Siirveyor. — Thomas Thompson. 

Parishes. — Cople, Washington. 

Ministers. — Mr. Brechen. St. Jn° Shropshire. 



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York County, 



Acres of Layid. — 66,709. 

Tithables. — i ,395. 

Sheriff.— Tho: Nutting. 

Coroners. — Henry Tyler, Wm. Barbar, Wm. Buchner, Th' 
Nutting. 

Justices of the Peace. — Tho: Barbar, Tho: Roberts, Wm. 
Buckner, Hen: Tylor, Tho: Nutting, Law. Smith. 

Quorum.— V^m. Barbar, Rich"* Bland, Jos. Walker, Tho: 
Nelson. 

Burgesses. — Wm. Buckner, Wm. Barbar, 

Tobacco Agents. — Wm. Buckner, Edw"^ Jaquelin, Wm. Arme- 
stead. 

Number of Storehouses. — 4. 

County Clerk.— PhW: Lightfoot. 

Surveyor. — Wm. Buckner. 



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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 15 

Parishes. — Bruton part, 'N'orkhampton, Charles, 

Mt7iisiers. — Ja: Blair. Mr. Goodwin. Mr. Sclater. 



[Indorsed.] 

Virginia. 

List of the present Ot^cers, Ccc, in Virginia, A", 17:4. 
Referr'd to in Coi° Spotswoods Lett'' of 27''' Jan'^, 17 14-5. 
Rec'^ April 6-\ ) 



Read May I6'^ 1716. j 



171 



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"^'•'''' •' Letters of Wm. Fitzhugh. •' - 

• •■ (continued.) 

January 50th, 16S6-7. 
Dear Brother 

If the hearing of your health and welfare gave me such 
sentiments as you perceived p my last, the receipt of yours this 
year must be sure to admit of reciprocal joys, if you will not 
admit them exceeded, your picture would have been mighty 
acceptable, & pleasing to me in your absence, but your company, 
that is the original according to your own expression, would be 
infinitely more acceptable & pleasant, would opportunity and 
business permit it, but at these years, & with no settleder fortune, 
than we are both at present endued with, will not admit an 
absence when opportunity or business calls for one's immediate 
presence, for in my opinion none under the degree of a settled 
annual income which can be advantageously managed in their 
absence can give that Regency & power to fancy and delight as 
to neglect Interest or their particular concerns, purposely for a 
visit, I do not premise this either to deter or hinder yor. from 
your intentions, and I am sure you cannot imagine I would 
argue against my own heighth of pleasure & delight, which 
would be certainly in the pleasant enjoyment of your most de- 






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16 VIRGIxXIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

sired company, provided it would quadrate with your Interest & 
conveniently suite your concerns. I heartily thank you for your 
intended and your Lady's real presents to* my wife, son and 
daughter, & that steel seal to myself, had she writ it, had been 
our coat of arms, I should allowed the mistake not esteeming 
her conversant in Heraldry or skilfull in Coats of Arms. & for 
your writing it to be so, I must Impute it either to credulity or 
mistake. I could wish with all my heart I were able to supply 
your Necessity's or occasions, with twice the sum proposed 
without putting you to the trouble or charge of Procuring or 
bringing in servants in return thereof, but Tob" is this year so 
low, that I cannot raise one penny of money from it, having now 
near three hundred hhds by me, and if I would now let them go 
all, to procure such a Sum as you propose, I believe I should be 
hard put to it, to obtain it; Last year when Tob° was a com- 
modity I should more easily have procured £ioo than this year 
;^io. I understand by my Sister that your interest and friends 
are great at Court, By which & and their means I might have the 
opportunity of seeing you and vast advantage to your self by 
your coming, if you could get to be Commander of one of the 
King's Ships, that are appointed to attend here, all profits might 
fairly be worth to you a thousand pounds sterling a year, with- 
out being at two pence expense, these two that we have now, 
Allen & Crofts, one is a Scot and the other is a fool, and yet they 
clear better than ;!^5oo Sir. a year. One is already in disfavour 
with one Governor, and the other is falling into it. If you 
could lay hold of such an advantage or some that by my next I 
shall propose to you, you would at once give me the joyfull 
opportunity of seeing you & the most acceptable assurance of 
your future gentile and comfortable being. I thank God I am 
plentifully supplied with servants of all conditions, to serve me 
in all my occasions, therefore would not have you put yourself 
to the charge or trouble of procuring or sending me any in, well 
knowing it lies out of the course of your business & concerns. 
But again, as I said last year, I should be heartily glad of your 
Picture and our Coat of Arms fairly and rightly drawn, not as 
on the steel seal that came here, if you cannot find any advan- 
tageous opportunity of shewing me the original. Since my last 
God has been pleased to help me with one son which not long^ 



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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 17 

since was christen' d by the name ot" Henry. We live here very 
plentifully without money, & now Tob" is low I shall be very 
hard put to it, to purchase ^lo for to supply our Mother, which 
fully resolved if possible to be procured but could hardily with 
all my Tob" and any thing I could part with except Negroes 
supply you with the Sum you proposed, which, had I it at com- 
mand, should be as readily your's as it is mine. My wife gives 
her due respects to your self & Lady, and assure yourselves both 
of the same, from 

" ' ' ■ D"" Brother your Wfr. 

To Capt Henry Fitzhugh at the Pall Mall &c. - :;.; ,' >' 



. • - ■ , June ist, 1685. 

Mr. Jno Cooper 

In my two former have given you account of the receipt of 
your two letters this year, & there take notice that you have not 
sent me any acco't of sales of my Tob" received, of my money 
of Mrs. Bland, nor take any notice of those things, I sent for 
last year, I hope next year you will mend it. I believe I shall 
consign you next year thirty or forty hhd', most or all of it will 
be Sweet-Scented, and of my own crops, but I desire you to 
give me an account by the first, whether Orinoko or Sweet- 
Scented yields the best price there, for accordingly I can order 
my Shipping & my Sales here, for I shall have very good of 
both sorts at my own Plantation. I expect to hear from you by 
the first conveniency. I desire you to take care of the Delivery 
of the inclosed. I have only in my former sent for loolb. of 
Sundryed Sugar and about 60 or 80 lbs. of powdered Sugar. I 
have no occasion to add farther now for I will take care for the 
future, not to over burden my acco't but to Keep a due factor- 
idge. 

Sr. Your Wfif. 

To Mr. Jno. Cooper Merch't in London. 



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18 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

April 22nd, 1686. 
Mr. Jno. Cooper 

Sr. I received your several letters, that by Charles Partis with 
the acco't of the barrel of Sugar and acco't current, which came 
well to hand, also therein take notice of your care & kindness 
of the Delivery of the enclosed letters to you last year together 
w'" answer returned in yours this year, for which I heartily thank 
you. Missing the conveniency of writing to you by Harris, I 
take the first opportunity by way of Bristol to acquaint you that 
my consignments if any will be very small this year. This late 
Act scared us, & the goodness of the commodity, induced me 
to sell in the country, having an allowance of 163 3d p. Cwt for 
150 hhds and for what else I sold 133 6d p. Cwt in goods sort- 
able, and well bought, by Captain Smith I shall be larger I do 
hope if he makes another turn up this River with his Sloop this 
voyage, to ship in him 10 or 12 hhds of very fair and bright 
large Oronoko Tob", which from the beginning I design for ship- 
ping, knowing it to be such Tob" as I might venture a market 
upon, but my Plantation its made upon is so far above me & 
consequently out of my Kenn, that they have not got it ready. 
Here enclosed you'll find two bills of Exchange which please to 
receive for my use. In my enclosed letter to my brother, which 
I desire you to take care to deliver, I have ordered him to call 
for such money of mine in your hands, without limitation, as 
his occasions required, which please to let him have though it 
be to the last penny of my former balance, & the money new 
sent when received p Capt. Smith I shall send you duplicates of 
these and I do think some other bills, wherein I shall be fuller, 
as well in the Disposal of what money I shall then send as in 
other concerns. And now Sir, have only to thank you for your 
kindness & expense in drinking my health there, as your letter 
indicates, for the first I must gratefully acknowledge the favour, 
and for the latter desire you to take 20 shill: out of my money, 
either to reimburse your former expenses, or else to drink out 
with my brother when you see him next, and deliver him this 
enclosed letter. Just now the weather promises a season, if so, 
I shall certainly consign you Tob" p. Captain Smith, till whose 
arrival I refer & conclude myself. Your Wff. 

To Mr. Jno. Cooper Merchant in London. 



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.-^' LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 19 

Jan. 30th, 1687. 
Dear Mother 

Your kind, religious letter came in the welcome company of 
my dear Sister, the one gave me much satisfaction in seeing your 
religious conduct Sc steadfast Patience in bearing up against the 
storms of afflictions, that for this long have and do still impend 
you and taking the right sense & measure of them, in esteeming 
them to be God's rods, with which chastisements he means to 
draw you nearest to himself. For afflictions mature and ripen 
the soul for Heaven. The other, that is the Society of my 
Sister, was and still is extremely pleasing & I hope to her Satis- 
faction, for she shall want nothing that lyes in my power to Serve 
her as long as she stays with me, and no manner of countenance 
& encouragement, if any overtures happen of her advancement. 
What entertainment she met with at her coming, receives here, 
and is like to continue, she herself can best and most properly 
tell you. I am sorry to hear so ill a character of so dear a 
brother, & withall to find my expectations so soon disappointed, 
not only in his own comfortable gentile subsistence, but in his 
assisting you 'n your low and calamitous condition. I do de- 
sign ^10, which by the next Ships, if I can possibly procure, 
you may assuredly expect, & if can by any means be procured, 
I will order it by way of Coz. Harrison or Coz. VVm. Fitzhugh, 
the reason that I do not appoint it now, and the difficulty this 
year to procure money and all other particulars I refer you to 
my Sister's more particular relation. 

The Great God of Heaven & Earth bless, preserve and keep 
you is the daily prayers of 

Your Wfif. 
To Mrs. Mary Fitzhugh. 



January 30th, 1686-7. 
Most Kind Cousin 

Your very acceptable letters came safe to my hands, the last 
with the welcome of my Sister who had a very prosperous and 
successful voyage. I truly condole yourself in the sudden death 
of your two sweet Babes, which is easily & cheerfully born, if 



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20 VIRGINIA HISTOPICAL MAGAZINE. 

natural affection be laid aside and we truly consider as we ought, 
that they have changed a troublesome and uncertain terrestrial 
being, for a certain & happy celestial habitation, and you have 
this happiness continually to joy you, that you have of your Off"- 
spring in Heaven continually singing hallelujahs to the most 
highest, their Regeneration in Baptism washing off all original 
sin, and their fewness of years excusing them from all wilful & 
obstinate Sins. I as heartily also congratulate the joyful welcome 
of your new born Guest and wish that as he grows in years, he 
may grow in Grace, truly to serve his God; and then without 
Question you his parent will find him abound with all dutifull 
observance & due obedience. S"" Your kind offer of friendship 
& kindness, I heartily accept and thankfully acknowledge, and 
must give this assurance, that I shall gladly receive, and readily 
observe anything you shall propose in my power to serve you, 
who am &c. Please give the enclosed to my Uncle Fitzhugh, 
and my Aunt Porter a speedy conveyance. 

Your Wff-. 
To Mr. Wm. Fitzhugh, Stationer. .;.,.. 



■::-A'ry :■.: - January 30th, 16S6-7. 
Cousin Harris 

You"- extraordinary civility and kindness to all your wives 
relations and particularly to my Sister, who is now with me, not 
only invites but obliges me to return you my heartyest thanks, 
& to desire as near an acquaintance and communication as 
this Distance will admit for kind husbands may be sometimes 
met with, but to meet with a concatenation of an Indulgent Hus- 
band, an obliging nature and generous temper in one person is 
very rare, all which continually circulate in all your actions and 
proceedings, therefore I shall not only court your converse as a 
Relation, but your Intimacy as a friend, & please to think of any 
Service wherein I may demonstrate myself to be 

Your Wff. 

Pray give my kind respects to your good wife, my cousin. 



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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 21 

...■,, January 30th, 16S6-7. 

Dear Aunt 

My Sister's safe arrival to me, amongst other my relations, 
more particularly mentions your most kind remembrance of me, 
for which reason I take this opportunity to return you my hum- 
ble thanks tor the same, & to assure you that if the Distance 
would admit or business permit, I wou'd personally pay you 
those respects your near Relation to me requires or your kind 
remembrance of me commands. However please to accept the 
tender of tny most due respects, to your self and good Hus- 
band, from 

; , „;, Your Wff. 
To Mrs. Margaret Porter &c. 



• ■ ■••-•■ * ■ January 30th 16S-6. 

Most Worthy Uncle 

Yours under cover of my Cousin Wm. Fitzhugh came safe 
to my hand, which I joyfully received, having thereby a full and 
sure confirmation, of your & my Aunt's health & wellfare, which 
I pray God continue in it you give me the Satisfactory account, 
although not of your wealthy, yet of your contented condition, 
which in my opinion far exceeds the other, for its the ma.-k that 
all drive at, from the Monarch on the Throne to the lowest Trades- 
man, without which the riches of Croesus are not satisfactory, 
and with it the lowest Degree passes his time away here pleas- 
antly. S"" my condition here is in a very equal temper, I neither 
abound nor want, as I live in, so I have a share of the Govern- 
ment, having for these eight or nine year's last past served as the 
Representative of our county in our Parliament here, with sound 
Reputation in the House and a full content to my county I 
served for. I have now been married this thirteen years in which 
time God has blessed me with six dear Pledges of conjugall 
affections, two sons, one daughter I am well assured are Angels 
in Heaven & the same quantity and of like quality I now enjoy, 
to my great comfort and satisfaction. My Sister Margaret hath 
been dead these ten years, lived but poorly, hath left one Daugh- 
ter behind her, who last year was with me about six months & 



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Ii2 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. ' 

then left me. I have been thus particular Sir in answer to yours, 
in hopes it may invite you to write me again next year. There 
is no greater satisfaction to me in this world than to hear and 
receive letters from my relations & friends. I hope this will find 
yourself and my Aunt in the same health, tranquility and content 
as that trom yourself to me intimates, which assure yourself is 
the hearty prayer of , • . . ; . 

Your Wff. 

To Mr. Robert Fitzhugh at the Greenhouse in Bedford. 



•' ■.;,*•.; ^: ,!'• -•■;.. January 30th 16S6-7. 
Worthy Sir, 

Having before me your several kind & courteous letters by 
way of Gloucester Penscix & Burnham, I am obliged to return 
you my hearty thanks and acknowledgement for the one part, 
and retribution for your trouble and charge on the other part & 
do fully agree with you in your Philosophical sentiments of y' 
simpaihy of absent friends, as you in Laconick expression aptly 
deliver in your last, for which reason the first Inventer of letters 
deserves eternal commendations, by whose means I have not 
only the opportunity of the first acquaintance with so worthy &. 
judicious a friend, but a continued communication and Society, 
which I as readily enjoy whilst I am reading your most endear- 
ing letters, or answering them, as if happily present with you. 
S'' as I said last year am heartily glad o.'the continuance of your 
purchase and earnestly wish you both profit & success therein, 
and hope for an opportunity that I may do you service both in 
the confirmac'n of your Title and Settlement upon the Same, as 
yet I know of nothing done, your Brother Capt. Brent and Mr. 
Massey told me of your desires of surveying, having a draught 
of the said survey & settling upon two of the most convenient 
places of the Dividend this I have been told of, but by none 
consulted with, neither do I know the particular directions 
therein, I should think myself unworthy and ungrateful, if I had 
stuck at any trouble or stop at any reasonable charge. Would 
you communicate your desire & intentions, having myself re- 
ceived from you such obliging favours and been these two years 



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■ -"* LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 23 

not only chargeable but troublesome to you. And perhaps my 
vicinity together with conveniency of my servants, always ready 
al hand, may give me a greater opportunity of doing you ser- 
vice therein, than any you have hitherto writ to you, I shall 
hope and expect your commands, Which shall no sooner arrive, 
than they shall be readily obeyed. Now S"" my experience in 
concerns of this county, especially in building and settling plan- 
tations, prompts me to ofTer my advice, having had sufficient 
trial in those affairs at the expense of almost Three hundred 
thousand pounds of Tob". I shall propose no other than what 
I would follow myself, that is, if you design this land to Settle, a 
child of your own or near kinsman, for whom it is supposed you 
would build a very good house, not only for their comfortable 
but their creditable accommodations; the best methods to be 
pursued therein is to get a carpenter Sc Bricklayer servants, and 
send them in here to serve 4 or five years, in which time of their 
Service, they might reasonably build a substantial good house, 
at least if not brick walls and well plaister'd, & earn money 
enough besides, in their said time, at spare times from your 
work, havinq- so long a time, to do it in, as would purchase plank, 
nails and other materials, and supply them necessary's during 
their servitude, or if you design to settle Tennants on it, as your 
letter purports, in my opinion it's needless for you to be at the 
charge of building for their accommodation, if you intend any 
time, if it is but seven years, for there's several may be found, 
that for a seven year's Lease, will build themselves a convenient 
dwelling, & other necessary houses, and be obliged at the expi- 
ration of their time to leave all in good repair, but if you at your 
own charge should build an ordinary Virginia house it will be 
some charge and no profit, and at the expiration of your Ten- 
nant's time, the Plantation will not be in better order than the 
way before proposed. But if you design only to let it from year 
to year, not knowing how soon you may have occasion to make 
use thereof, then I say it's necessary for you to build yourself, 
because no Tennant will be obliged to build, that is but Tennant 
at will or from year to year only. But should not advise to build 
either a great or English framed house, for labour is so intolera- 
bly dear, & workmen so idle, and negligent that the building of 
a good house to you there will seem insupportable, for this I can 






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24 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



assure you when I built my own house and agreed as cheap as I 
could with workmen & as carefully and as diligently took care 
that they followed their work notwithstanding we have timber for 
nothing, but felling and getting in place, the frame of my house 
stood me in more money in Tob^ (si S'shp Cwt than a frame of 
the same Dimensions would cost in London by a third at least, 
where every thing is bought and near three times as long pre- 
paring. Your brother Joseph's building that shell of a house 
without chimney or partition, & not one tittle of workmanship 
about it more than a Tobacco house, work carry' d him into those 
arrears with your self and his other Employers, as you found by 
his acco" at his death. And which I pre-advised him before he 
went about it, workmen of your own, as I at first proposed to you, 
will take off much of those objections. Thus Sir with all can- 
dour & Integrity, I have given you n.y sentiments r>bout build- 
ing and settling your neighbouring Plantation either for the pres- 
ent or future, and should be heartily glad not only of the Society 
of the son of so worthy a friend, but should be ready by ail op- 
portunity's I had of serving him, to demonstrate to the world 
my grateful acknowledgement due to the father through the son. 
S' I am sorry I missed the critical moment in my proposal of 
exchange, indeed I had not then thought, had not Doct' Smith 
not only encouraged me, but given me some assurance of its 
promised effect. However am glad for the general good, that 
so plenary and full satisfaction & assurance is given to all parties, 
that they may sit safely under their own vines and fig trees, & 
pray God to continue the same, though perhaps, it may not so 
fully quadrate with my inteniions and desires, continuing the 
same, to breathe my own Country air if it could be done with 
that advantage and security. I propose therein, and could still 
accept, though it were for sixty or eighty pounds a year, less 
than I proposed in my former, your kindness gives me assur- 
ance that if disaffections should again happen I'm ready pro- 
vided of an Overture, and should gladly accept. Though in the 
country where I am, I desire neither to be better seated, & am 
plentifully provided and a Country that agrees well with my 
Constitution & desires, being of a melancholy constitution and 
desire privacy and retirement, these things being thus premised 
it will seem strange to you that I am for a Remove to take off 






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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 25 

that strangeness, I'll give you the reall reasons. Our estates 
here depend altogether upon contingency's and to prepare against 
that, causes might exceed my Inclinations in worldly affairs, and 
society that is good & ingenious is very scarce and seldom to be 
come at except in Books. Good education of children is almost 
impossible and better be never born than ill-bred. But that 
which bears the greatest weight with me, tor now I look upon 
myself to be in my declining age, is the want of spirituall helps 
and comforts, of which this fertile country in every thing else, 
is barren &. unfruitfull, which last consideration bears the greatest 
weight in my Desires of Exchange, and removal, for I well know 
that such an estate as I propose, especially now having cut off 
sixty or eighty pounds a year, cannot their live with that great 
plenty &c. as I can do here, nor gain the third part of the an- 
nual profits as I can make here. Your Brother I suppose will 
give you a particular account of Lewis, his Rascally actings, 
how diligently it was searched into, and the measures taken 
therein. 

He was only suspiciously guilty, but the deligentists enquiry's 
could bring nothing to light. Before I received your letter I 
endeavoured to lay that suspicion so near and close to him, and 
confined him close prisoner at least a month, but with this advice 
to the Sheriff to give him all opportunity of light, in hopes the 
charge laid so home to him & no less than an expectation of a 
trial for his life would have induced (^having an opportunity) to 
a flight that the country might be rid of such a villain, but he 
hardened in wickedness, and not valuing his Reputation, staid 
by it, & having no proof but circumstantial, and those not very 
strong, we must Emerito Institiae discharge him. My proposals 
of trade I have heard nothing of, neither from Liverpool nor 
elsewhere. I suppose the lowness of Tob° gives a stop to those 
proceedings, for as yet I neither hear nor know of any Liver- 
pool man in the country & very few other Ships are yet arrived, 
those that are here say the lowness of the commodity occasions 
so few ships and no more are to be expected, but we are apt to 
believe that bad weather and contrary winds keeps many out. 
It would be of mighty advantage to any trader here if he could 
have an account of what ships are bound to Virginia & Mary- 
land, from the most considerable ports in England, for accord- 






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26 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. .UT 

ingly he might order his affairs to take the forward or latter 
market. Concernitig my offers about the French I must neces- 
sarily conclude of the consequences by your friendly hints and 
a more perfect account of their offers of land in Carolina by 
their own History which I have since read than you, I cannot 
say its a true account of their country, but my proposals were as 
low as any land here with us, is generally patented out at or lett 
to Lease. S'' your great civilty and kindness to my Sister in 
assisting her in her affairs in advising her to a good ship and 
civil Master, commands my heartyest thanks, for by your means 
& assistance thank God she is arrived safely here and happily to 
both our contentment and satisfaction, and she doth believe and 
I am well assured that your Influence on Mr. Burnham largely 
contributed to his kind and civil usage and entertainment during 
the whole voyage, for which she also gives you her cordial 
thanks, & desires to have her humble service presented to your 
self and good Lady. I thankfully take notice and longingly ex- 
pect those choice Plants mentioned in your letter, and when they 
arrive shall take gi eat care to plant them in proper places and 
at seasonable times and doubt not their fliriving, but how to 
compensate so great a kindness I know not otherwise than 
furnishing your Plantation with a nursery of the same. S' I am 
glad by you to hear of my Brothers health, which, if he drinks 
so hard, he cannot long continue, and if his acquaintenance with 
so worthy a friend as yourself, I must borrow from the latter 
part of your letter, my excuse for not repeating your health so 
often as my Inclinations lead me by assuring you that what is 
wanting at Bacchus' Orgies shall be supplyl'd at Jove's Temple, 
for your good fortune and successes neither my brain nor my 
Constitution will admit me to go too far in those Bacchanalian 
exercises. Since my last writing I have w" your Uncle Porteous, 
once at James Town, and w" your Brother Sam severall times, 
drank your health, but cannot long continue by it, for either of 
them now exceed me more at that sort of exercise than your 
letter intimates my brother exceeds you, & can sit as much 
longer by it tho' not for the same reasons. Att Margaret 
Broadrick's earnest Desire and Request, as you'll perceive by 
her inclosed letter to her father, and as she told both me and my 
Sister, her friends Desires and inclinations were that if it were 



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- • LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 27 

possible she should go to Mr. Hammersly, who is her father's 
countryman, Townsman and a far oft' relative. My Sister sold 
her to the said Mr. Hammersly, but with condition to do no 
country work, nor work without doors as by the conditions 
here inclosed you'll see, for if he should offer to put her to 
country work or to sell her, then I have liberty to seize her 
again, notwithstanding the S:.le. Besides she did resolve that 
neither threats nor persuasions, fair mean^ nor foul should make 
do any thing if she might not be sold to Mr. Hammersly. If 
her own Desires, the Desires of her friends, the condition for her 
service to do no country work, &c., is not sufficient satisfaction 
to her friends to take you from your obligations, then I iiave 
agreed to have her again, for I would not for ten times her price 
have my friends suffer, especially so kind an one as yourself. 
S' In August last died a Near Neighbour of mine Mr. James 
Ashton,=^ possess'd with two tracts of Land, both adjoining to 
mine, one joining upon my back line & did contain about 20co 
acres, but there is some parcels sold out of it, and loo more 
given out to the quantity of 700 acres, and another parcel of 550 



*Captain Peter Ashton patented 2000 acres in Westmoreland in 1658, 
which was probably the land noticed in the text. He was a member 
of the House of Burgesses for Charles City county in 1656, and for 
Northumber: ind, 1659 and 1660; Sheriff of tiie county, 1658, and mem- 
ber of Che "Committee of the Association of Northumberland. West- 
moreland and Stafford," November, 1667, then having the title 
" Colonel." He was doubtless of the family of Ashton, of Spalding, 
Lincolnshire, descended from the Ashtons, of Chaderton, or Chatter- 
ton, Lancashire (hence the name of his estate " Chatterton," now in 
King George county, Virginia). He died in , leaving by his will, 

dated 1669 (he died in or before 1671), gave his brother James Ashton! 
of Kirby-Underwood, county Lincoln, England, his estate of " Chatter- 
Ion," on the Potomac, and his brother John Ashton, of Lowth, county 
Lincoln, 2000 acres adjoining " Chatterton." 

His brother, xMr. James Ashton, was a justice of Stafford, 16S0, and 
(as appears from the Northern Neck Land Book), owned in 1690 a 
tract of land which he had inherited as the heir of his brother John 
Ashton, and which had been patented by Col. Peter Ashton, 165S, and 
by him bequeathed to the said John Ashton. It is evident that the pre- 
sent Ashtons of Virginia are not descended from either of the brothers, 
Peter, John or James Ashton; but, as the records show, from Captain 
Charles Ashton, who was living in Northumberland as early as 1651. 



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28 VIRGIXIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

acres joining upon me up the river, as yours down the River, 
which said Land he has given to two Gentlemen in England, that 
part undisposed of the 2000 acres to his cousin John Ashton, 
Habberdasher living in Russell st in Court Garden, that other 
550 acres to his cousin John Foster, of Woodbridge, in the 
county of Cambridge, Gent as p. copy of the said Will here 
enclosed, you'll see which said land I believe those Gentlemen in 
England will sell, and I would willingly become their Purchaser, 
because of its conveniency to me, & desire the favour of you to 
deal with them about it; S"" your repeated favours and kind- 
nesses gives me the boldness, and the conveniency of the situa- 
tion makes me earnest solicitious for the purchase and Draught 
of the Survey here inclosed platted by Captain Brent in 16S1. 
and now while I am writing, named by me for your clearer satis- 
faction, together with a true copy of the Pattent, Coppy'd by 
my self from the Original, also copy of Coll" Peter Ashton's 
Will, the first Purchaser wherein you may see how he disposed 
to his two Brothers the 2000 acres back land, to his brother John 
Ashton and his heirs for ever, but with this limitation, if they 
should not dispose there of in their life time, that then it shall 
come and accrue to John Ashton, Habberdasher above mentioned 
and his heirs forever, what disposition he made thereof appears 
by his Will. The copy whereof I have sent you wherein he 
makes his brother whole Executor, & the heirs of his body for- 
ever, and if he died without heirs, then to his Cousin John Ash- 
ton and to his heirs forever. I suppose he intended if he had 
had wit to direct, or his writer skill or knowledge to have drawn 
it, an Estate in special tail to his Brother, the remainder in fee to 
his cousin, but for want of knowledge in the one and skill in the 
other, I apprehend it undisposed by him, and so ought to descend 
and come to John Ashton, Habberdasher, by virtue of Collo. 
Ashton's Will, and Mr. James Ashton who esteemed his title 
good, to the said 2000 Acres by virtue of the said Will of his 
brother John's, hath by his will also given and bequeathed the 
said land, what part thereof was by him in his life time undis- 
posed, that is about 1300 Acres to his said Cousin John Ashton, 
by which severall bequests, notwithstanding unskillfulness in the 
one and uncertainty in another, he has a sure and certain title in 
fee simple to the said Land, and therefore without much caution 



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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 29 

may be treated and concluded with upon the purchase, if he be 
intended to see what it is, but it is but in an indifferent land & 
hes back and consequently of low value, if it was here to be sold 
at the best hand, would not yield above fifty or sixty sterling for 
that 600 acres part thereof sold by Mr. Ashton in his lifetime, 
was sold at 2000 lb. Tob*" p 100 Acres w'" uses not much more 
than I before proposed and its well known to all dealers, the 
difference betwi.xt buying p. parcel and by retail, &c., the other 
Tract of 550 acres upon the River, which by Mr. Ashton's will 
belongs to Jno. Foster, of Woodbridge, in Cambridgeshire, 
though in its real value is worth more money, could the title be 
made as clear as the former, but here is this doubt in it, whether 
a Bequest by Will is such a disposition in his life time as shall 
cut off John Ashton's, Habberdasher claim, seeing that a Will 
has no force or effect before the death of the Testator, and so 
consequently before his death the Estate not actually alienated 
& if not conveyed and alienated by James Ashton in his lifetime, 
then to descend and come to Jno. Ashton the cousin, which, in 
my opinion, notwithstanding may give John Ashton a Colour to, 
though not absolute title to that tract of land unless the first 
Bequest to James Ashton shall be esteemed in fee, because it's 
given to him and his heirs forever. And it's said in that clause 
wherein Jno. Ashton's remainder is mentioned, if he do not dis- 
pose thereof, which is a confirmation of this first title, and gives 
him liberty to dispose of that which the former words in the 
Will made an absolute fee, and after a fee simple there can be no 
remainders or Reversions expectant. Thus S' I have clearly 
stated the case to you about the other tract, and would willingly 
give sixty or seventy pounds sterling for the same, Provided I 
might have a sure title, which by the Joint Deeds of Foster and 
Ashton together would be indisputable, for I would give Foster 
forty pounds for his title without further warranty, and, stand 
Tryal with John Ashton, but if Foster should stand upon high 
terms, and will not take under sixty or seventy pounds for his 
title, I shall be unwilling to give so much for a disputable title 
as his is. But will venture to give John Ashton 15 or 20/ for 
his title and stand a Trial with Foster for the Inheritance. In 
the main I leave all to your discreet conduct and management, 
and if you find it will not be performed without 10 or 15^ more 















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30 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

than I have mentioned, I shall gladly reimburse that with the 
other. But now S"" it may be reasonably ask'd after the desire 
of laying out so much money, where this money is that must be 
so laid out, and if the Purchase e.xceeds to that, I must beg you 
to add this favour to all your former, to disburse so much money 
for me as you shall see occasion & for your Security to answer 
your principal and Interest together with all your charges and 
trouble, I will bind over the purchase, and besides so much of 
my own Estate, as shall be double the value of Recognizance 
and Defeazance, till you are fully satisfy'd, and do also hope by 
the next Ships to Send you some bills of Exchange, to answer 
some part thereof, and if this that I have proposed seems not 
sufficient security, make your own proposals, which I am sure 
will be reasonable and I will readily comply with them. S' I 
thought to have sent deeds ready drawn, but Considering I have 
sent all the Wills and the Pattent, ana the ready way that is now 
in practice, by Lease and Release, it may be as veil if not better 
done there than here. Taking but this care, that to the Leases, 
Releases, Letters of Attorney, &c.. Such witnesses be present as 
will be here, viva voce, to attest the same. S"" As yet those 
Gentleman not Knowing of their title to the said Land, for by 
the will, you'll see that your Brother John Harvey and myself 
are executors in trust in behalf of them in England, and we can- 
not yet meet and prepare business effectually enough to give 
them a satisfactory account till after our next court, which will 
then be fully done by us all, but doubt that the personal Estate 
will do little more if anything than clear the Engagements, for 
in his Estate there was but two negroes (which upon the 
appraisement I helped Mr. Hayword to, upon his request, so 
that he has in that quality, doubled Mr. Stork).* Few servants, 
and those few almost free, a pretty good stock of cattle, but of 
household stuff there was hardly the value of ^lo; the old man 
left a ruinous Estate and more ruinous plantation, for there is 
not one good house upon either Plantation, perhaps the housing 
and conveniencys upon the Plantation may be urged as an in- 
crease of the purchase, but this I give you a full assurance of, 



* Probably the son of William Storke. of Westmoreland, who, by his 
will dated 1676, and proved in Westmoreland, May i6th, 1676, gave his 
estate to his daughter Elizabeth Storke and his son Nehemiah Storke. 



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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 31 

that all the houses upon both Plantations are not worth £^, per- 
haps it may be urged likewise to buy real and personal Estate 
together, but there can be neither advantageous to buy nor 
proper to sell, because it is not certain what personal Estate there 
will be left. After all debts and legacies satisfy'dj & if any it 
will be very inconsiderable, as by the next we will give them a 
full account. 

S' If you crave excuse for the length of your most endearing 
& obliging letters which are filled with a pleasing Phrase and 
happy expressions, what words must I use not only to excuse 
my length but Impertinency's, not only my harshness of stile 
but badness of expression, but a continued addition of my bold- 
ness and trouble, since I cannot find words I beg one more 
obligation to all your former, to grant a favourable construction 
& generous pardon to Sir 

Your WfT. 
To Mr. Nich' Hayward &c. 



February iSth, 16S7. 
Honoured Sir 

The first day of february I receiv'd your's dated 15th January 
about ColP Jones "^ his aflTairs. Immediately upon the receipt 

* Since the note on Cadwallader Jones, p. 254, was published, 
a new volume of (copied) records of old Rappahannock county 
has been received at the State Library, which contains a deed, dated 
Rappahannock county, 16S1, from Cadwallader Jones, of Virginia, 
son and heir of Richard Jones, late of London, merchant, deceased; 
and John Jeffereys, of London, Esquire, conveying to Sir Robert Jeffe- 
reys, Knight, Alderman of London, the lordship and manor of Ley, in 
the parish of Beerferris, county of Devon, England, together with the 
Capitol messuage or mansion house called Ley, and all the lands called 
by the several names of Wallers, great Hancombe, little Hancombe, 
Beau Alberston, and Basslack, lying in the precincts, territories and 
fields of Ley; and two burgages in Tarmarton, Follyot, in said county 
of Devon ; all that cottage, &c., at Hawcombe, in Devon, all that Cop- 
pice containing about fifteen acres, in Beerferris ; and all other lands, 
houses, &c., in said manor or parishes, wherein said Jones and Jeffereys 
have or may have any estate of inheritance in fee simple or fee-taile. 

In the same volume is a deed, 16S4, from John Griftin, of Gloucester 
county, Virginia, Shipwright to Col. Cadwallader Jones, of Rappahan- 
nock county, Gent; for a bark of '' fifty odd " tons, for a consideration 
of ^150 sterling. 



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32 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

thereof dispatch' d a messenger away to him to come to mv 
house, where I apprehend I should have the freer and fuller 
opportunity to discourse him in it, and to perswade him to the 
payment of it, which letter he answered me with his company 
about five days after, which was as soon as he came home from 
Gloucester, where he had not only account of, but Duns for 
several sums of the like nature protested. I used both my in- 
terest and perswasion to get him to pay in Tob° for the money 
and agreed to allow him tea Shillings p Cwt, and remit the 
damages which he seemed willing to approve of, & would he said 
use his endeavour to procure that Tob" and what Tob° he oued 
me, which was about five thousand, for his own crops were 
already disposed of in paying Neighbouring Debts and supply- 
ing his Family's necessary's and with such intentions and some 
assurances he went from my house and promised to be with me 
again within four days at farthest, and did not question to bring 
me a satisfactory answer, he was punctual to his word as to his 
coming, but with tears in his eyes said he could not possibly 
answer either yours or mine, for he said he had neither Tob" nor 
efi!ects to procure it, I offered to buy two or three negroes of 
him, he assured me they were already made over to the Alder- 
man and his Ship Merchants, to whom he hath not yet paid one 
penny, and therefore that way there was nothing to be expected. 
And I have since heard that night he went away from my house, 
he went into Maryland and so conclude he is clear gone. 
Thus S' I have stated the case and given you my Sentiments of 
the man. I refer to yourself to take such measures therein as 
may be to advantage, his estate is so shattered and encumbered 
with mortgages, conveyances, &c. , and his debts so m.any Sc 
great, that without a veiy sudden course taken it will be impos- 
sible ever to recover one penny. If I can be any way servicable 
to you therein, I shall most acceptably and willingly receive your 
commands and diligently therein manifest myself to be 

Your Wff. 
To the Hon^'^ Nich' Spencer.* 



*Spen'cer, of Cople, Bedfordshire.— From the visitations of 1566 
and 1634. with additions from wills of members of the family published 
in Mr. H. F. Waters' " Gleaning^s," in New England Hist, and Gen. 
Reg. (which are indicated by brackets). 



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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 



33 



Dear Brother February 25th 1687. 

John Simpson brought me your most acceptable letter, ill 



Anns: Quarterly— i. Quarterly or and gules, in the second and 
third quarters a fret of the first, on a bend sable three fleursde-lys 
argent; for Spencer; 2. Argent, three pickaxes sable, for Peck; 3. 
Sable, two lions passant; 4. Blank. Crest: Out of a ducal coronet 
gules, a griffins head agent. Collared or. between two wings expanded, 
of the third, charged on the head and on each wing with a fleur de- 
!ys sable, and on the neck a crescent. 

Robert Spencer=Anne, dau. & heire 

of South Mylls in ' o\ Peck, of Cople 

Com Bedford. in Co. Bedftbrd. 



I 
John Spencer=Anne, dau. & heire 
of Pattenham, of Arnold of 

in Com. Swcors, Com. 

Bedford. Muntington. 

Thomas Spencer=Anne, dau. 
of Cople in Com. Robt. Buikley 
Bedfford. of Bufgate in 

. Com. South- 
! ampton. 



Joane 
ux. Battele. 



Alice ux. Thomas 

Dickins. of Wils- 

hampstead in Com. 

Bedfford. 



Elizabeth ux. Rose ux. ]ohn ^ 
John Slade Colbeck of Temfford 
of Sucors. in Com. Bedfford. 



Robert Spencer=Rhose, dau. of Elizabeih ux. 

of Cople, Esqr. Cokain of William Pavis 

Cokain Hatiey, of Ellington 



Co. Bedf. 



in Com. Hunt- 
ington. 



I I 

!. William Jane ux. 

Spencer. John ffear- 

clough of 

Weston in 

Com. Hertford. 



Nicholas Spencer=.Marv, dau. 
of Cople. of Thomas 

i Elmcs of 
: Lylford.Co. 
i Northampton. 



! Ml Ml 

John. [Arnold.] [Cicely] [Dau. m. 

[Edward] [Rose.] Gib- 

[Margaret ] [George ] bins.] 



.1 I I I i I 

Alice, m. Gaius Nicholas Spencer=Mary, second Robert. Mary. 
Squire, son of of Cople, Esq.; dau. of Sir Ed- Christian. 

Roland. living in 1636. ward Gost- Rose. 

wick, of Wil- 
lington, in Co. 
i Bedford, Knt. 
and Bart. 



I 

William Spencer, 
oldest son and 
heir apparent, 

aged about two 
years in 1634, 



Nicholas. [.Michael.] [Robert.] [Edward.] [Mary.] 

[The im- 
migrant to 
Virginia] 



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34 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

weather at our appointed time, for our last court, hindered me of 
the real enjoyment of your most desired company. The pur- 
port of your letter, I will affectionately & fully answer, that is if 
your desired piece of gold and what cravats &c. fashionable, I 
have at present, to supply you with, could 'vish I had more, and 
they should with the same alacrity and readiness be devoted to 
your service. By his return from Cullenn & disappointment 
there I was not only concerned but extremely troubled guessing 
at your concerns and intentions there and Before your return a 
full confirmation &c. In the carrying on all which Designs I 
Know you would neither be beholding, nor appear to have occa- 
sion thereof to any one in Maryland, therefore I have so far 
straitened myself as to supply you with all my stock e.xcept one 
piece of eight, which I hope may be enough lo carry on your 
designs as I imagine there &c. or to supply your pocket expense 
on your journey; which please to accept with the same freedom 
as they are offered and sent. I hear Cullem designs out before 



Col. Nicholas Spencer, the immigrant, appears to have been for a 
time a merch ,.t in London, as there is recorded in Westmoreland a 
power of attorney, dated 1659, from Nicholas Hayward, of London, 
merchant, to Nicholas Spencer, of London, mercliant; which probably 
shows the time of his coming to Virginia. -He settled in Westmoreland 
(where the parish of Cople was named in honor of the home of his 
family in England); was a member of the "Committee of the Associa- 
tion " of the Northern Neck, 1667 {Northumberland records) ; member 
of the House of Burgesses that conUnued from 1666 to 16-6 [HeniJig- 
II, 250) ; March, i675-'6, appointed one of the Commissioners for em- 
ploying friendly Indians in war against the hostiles {Hening II jjo) ; 
appointed Secretary of State, 167S. again March 20th, 1680, and in 16S5 
{Sainsbury Abstracts^, and as President of the Council; was acting 
Governor, September, 1683 to April, 16S4 [Hening III S). He died 
September 23d, 16S9 [Sainsbury Abstracts). As shown by various 
deeds, he married before July 8, 1666, Frances, daughter of Colonel 
John Mottrom, of Northumberland. " Madam Frances Spencer" she 
is styled in the records, and left several sons, of whom the eldest, 
Nicholas, inherited the family estates in England from his uncle William 
Spencer (who was one of the intended Knights of the Royal Oak, with 
an estimated estate of ^1000 a year), and in 1707, as " Nicholas Spencer. 
of Cople, Bedfordshire, Esquire," makes a deed for 6000 acres in 
Westmoreland. See pedigree of Spencer, of Cople, in Visitations of 
Bedfordshire, 1566 and 1634, and wills published in " Waters' Glean- 
ings," New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., January, 1891. 



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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 35 

our court, therefore would have you send again before then, that 
you may not be disappointed of your expected money, and if 
you think that I may be any ways serviceable to you, please to 
lay your commands and they shall be readily obeyed. Mr. 
Newton now at my house informs me of abundance of Rum now 
at Patuxent at 15'^ p. Gallon and under, please to do in that and 
all other concerns as for youiielf. I have about 200 hhds now 
by me the conveniency yourself knows. I sent by this mes- 
senger I Guinia, 12 pieces of eight, one cravat, and rutlies & 
cravat strmgs. 

To Capt. George Brent * at Woodstock. " . 



* We have been unable to ascertain how George Brent was Wm. 
Fitzhugh's brother. According to the Brent Genealogy, which seems 
to be confirmed by some mutilated epitaphs in Stafford Countv, 
Captain George Brent married first a daughter of Captain Wm. Green, 
and secondly a daughter of Colonel Henry Seawell. Perhaps he had 
married Fitzhugh's sister, Margaret, who he says, in another letter in 
this issue, had been " dead these ten years," (z. e. died in 1676). 

The following is an abstract of the will of George Brent, now on 
record at Stafford C. H., son of the person named in the text : 

I George Brent, of Woodstock in Virginia &c. Give my brother Nich- 
olas Brent all my lands and rights to lands in the Kingdom of Great 
Britain, giveu me by my father; also my new dwellmg house, and all 
the lands, tenements, a.id appurtenances thereto, according to my 
father's will, and also 1000 acres in Nominie, in such manner as it was 
bequeathed to me in my father's wi'! ; to my brother Robert Brent my 
land at Quantico, 500 acres, bought by my father from Mr. Wm. Boame, 
also 555 acres Called Cadgers (on which is a rent charge, by my father's 
will, of 500 lbs. of tobacco per year, for three years, to Robt. King's 
widow); to my brother Henry Brent 400 acres of my Hunting Creek 
land; to brother Robt. Brent 400 acres of the same land; to brother 
Nicholas the residue of said land; to sister Elizabeth who intermarried 
with Mr. Thomas Longman 200 acres, near Budgens; to brother Robert 
200 acres near Budgens; to brother Nicholas 400 acres near Budgens; 
to sister Mary Brent 200 acres of the same land; to sister Martha Brent 
200 acres of the same land As to my Brent towne land the first 2020 
acres I leave to brother Nicholas, and also give him the 5000 acres of 
Brent towne not disposed of. To brothers Nicholas and Robert two 
negroes each ; to sister Elizabeth Longman if she come into this coun- 
try again, one negro. As to my money in Bermudas and my share in 
William Green's estate, I give it equally between the children Henry, 






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36 " ' VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

March 14th 1686-7. 

Mr. John Buckner 

I three days since, received yourb of the yih March last, and 
do as truly condole your present affliction & past losses therein 
mentioned, as I heartily thank you for your Kindness and trou- 
ble therein expressed both in the presenting Sir Robert's note 
and the return of the three pound bills inclosed. I wish both 
yourself & family perfect health and full Recovery. S"" the in- 
closed protest will speak its own business. I have been already 
so often troublesome to you, and yet continue, that I want ex- 
pressions to beg pardon & have no other refuge left than to 
assure you if any of your business lies this way, I shall court all 
occasions to assure you I am sincerely 

"'■'""- Your Wff. 

<i, 
. • The protested bill above mentioned is Edw'd Laples drawn 

of Capt. Henry Fearns, assigned to me by Jam.es Davis. The 

sum is ^4. 10. o. 

Martha and Mary Brent; but Cousin Richard Brent, son of tny uncle 
Robert Brent to have ^5. To picus u.ses ^ro sterling [this probably 
was intended for masses]; to brother Robert /"lu sterling to buy him 
two pieces of plate and desire him to put his coat of arms thereon and 
keep them in my remembrance. To brother Nicholas all my plate, and 
the gold ring which was my mother's wedding ring and my set of gold 
buttons; to brother Robert my silver buckles, and black horse called 
Turk, now in the woods ; to my cousin Thoi.ias Clifton my gray horse 
called Fromine. Stocks of horses & cattle to be equally divided be- 
tween brothers by my executors. Brother Thomas Longman and Dr. 
Mathew Jackson a guinea each to buy a pair of black gloves. Brothers 
Nicholas and Robert executors, who are to dispose of the remainder of 
the personal estate. Dated Sept. ist 1700. Proved Stafford Co., Oct. 
9, 1700. Thomas Clifton was a witness. 



(to be continued.) 






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VIRGINIA TROOPS IN FREN'CH AND INDIAN WARS. 



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VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



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60 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Affairs in Virginia in 1626. 
:, .. [S. P. O. Colo. Vol. 4, No. 10.] 



Co7n77uuiication fro?ti the Governor of Virginia, May ij, 1626. 

Right Honor.\ble* 

According to your Lordships commands we have sent a 
perticular of all the Lands, either graunted by Pattent here or 
otherwise laid out and claymed, either by publique Societyes or 
private persons"'" as far as we could by any meanes informe our- 
selves; That Land should be taken upp to keep off others, and 
bye wast, is a greate inconvenience, and besides those that are 
unable to plant their ground wee find a greate parte either dead 
or gon for England, and none here in any likelyhood to plant 
them; for redress wher of if all such bee compelled either to 
manure their L?nds within such reasonable tyme as your Lord- 
ships shall thinke fitt, or otherwise to forfitt their right in that 
perticular Land, we conceave it will be a notable meanes of peo- 
pleing the country: And to moderate the excesive ingrossing of 
Lands and to heipe in tyme towards the raising of a publique 
Stocke, that course of reserving quit rents uppon the Pattents 
wee conceave to have been well projected; and that to such as 
shall have Land due by sending servants hereafter ther may be 
reserved a peny uppon an acre.t for reserving lesse they will 
arrise to no proportion considerable in so greate a worke. 

Whoever shall take a reviewe of the managing of the affaires 
of this plantation from the beginning untill this tyme, may easily 



* Addressed to the Privy Council in England. This report describes 
the condition of affairs in Virginia, subsequent to the period covered 
by the Discourse of the Old Company printed in the first volume of 
the Magazine. 

tThis list will be found in an appendi.x to Burk's History of Virginia^ 
and also in Colonial Records of Virginia, State Senate Document,, 
extra, 1874. 

JThe established quit-rent was one shilling for every fifty acres. 



[.or .oYl .}. .JOV ,:;.i.O .O .^J ?1 
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:i9;.;ij 'ivi-al O) 'j 



\FFAIRS IN VIRGINIA IN 1626. 51 

finde that the slow proceeding of the groeth thereof, is not so 
much to bee attributed to the difficuhye in the worke it selfe 
(though in ittselfe much subject to casuaUy and uncertainty) as 
to the improper and preposterous courses that have been followed. 
The maine reason whereof, as we conceave, hath bene that the 
advises and informacon from the counsell here, have not had soe 
much creditt with those in England, which supperintended the 
affaires of Virginia, as the contrary misinformacons of privat 
Planters, either out of ther perticuller ends or ignorance which 
also have bene the better receaved partly by reason of the fac- 
tions at home, partly because in soe greate a distance the con- 
ceptions of them and those here are not always the same. But 
since it hath pleased his most excellent Majestie to silence faction 
and that your Lordshipps have pleased to command our advice 
what are the directest waies for settling a firme plantation, which 
gives no hope that wee shal be better believed then heretofore, 
wee shall laye downe the cheife heads, w^hich the conference of 
former opinions delivered uppon this point with the perpetual! 
course of experience uppon the place (which is the most infalli- 
ble guide) doe aprove and demonstrate, submitting our opinions 
their in to your Lordshipps grave wisdomes. 

We have found by experience since the rhassacre as wee alsoe 
did then foresee and advertize, that being seated in the course 
wee are in smale bodies, neither is it possible to prevent the sud- 
daine incursions of the Salvager., nor secure any range for cat- 
tle, which is a general! discouragement to the Planter, though 
they out of their too much affection to their privat dividents, 
have bene the cause of repossessing their quitted Plantations ; 
for redress of which inconveniences wee know no other course, 
then to secure the forrest by running a pallizade* from Marttin's 
hundred to Kiskyack, which is not above six miles over, and 
placeing houses at convenient distance, with sutificient gard of 
men to secure the Necke whereby wee shall gaine free from pos- 



* This Palisade was subsequently built by William Claiborne and Sam- 
uel Matthews. (See Colonial Papers, Vol. 4, No. 10, IL British State 
Paper Office; also, Sainsberry Abstracts, Virginia State Library, 1634, 
page 72.) References to the site of this palisade will be found in York 
County Records, Virginia State Library, Vol. 1631-1694, pages 65-75. 



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52 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

sibilily of any annoyance by the Salvages, a rich ceramite of 
ground contayneing h'ttle lesse the 300,000 acres of land, which 
will feed such nombers of people, with plentiful! range for Cattle 
as may bee able to defend the plantation against any enimy 
whatsoever. 

The readiest and certainest way for accomplishment ther of, is 
to agree in certainety with some e.xperienced in the country, for 
undertaking it which wil be ^^1200 in readie money, for the build- 
ing of the pallizado and houses, and ^100 yearly for mainetayne- 
ing them; and because untill this worke be effected all the rest is 
to little purpose, wee have reduced the agreement to a certainety, 
which wee here inclosed send your Lordshipps, humbly desiring 
an answere by the first shipping: It wilbe necessary that within 
that compase of ground, no greate proportion of Land be 
graunted to any one man, because if hee dye or leave the coun- 
try, the land must lye wast and uncultivated, especially the greate 
quantities challenged by the Socyetie of Marttins hundred (bee- 
ing neare a third of the Forrest) wil! make the worke fruitlesse, 
e.xcepte they for soe general! a good, wilbe pleased to remitt a 
part of their perticuller right and interest; when this is secured 
it wilbe requisitt that it bee stocke imediately with Cattle, Horses 
and Asses as the foundation of all other greate workes which are 
in order of tyme necessary to follow this. 

Provision being thus made for our heath and securitie the next 
must bee to provide against farraigne invasion by building forts 
and fortified towns at and neere the mouth of either river, for 
which purpose it will be necessary to send over yearlie 200 men 
at least with commanders and Ingeneers of skill and sufficiencye: 
from the forrest soe stockt wilbe supplied meanes for carriage of 
the materiails, and all necessaries for raysing of the works, and 
plentifull dyett for the people, to incourage and strengthen them 
in those heavy laboures which els will goe but slowly forward. 

For souldiours to goe uppon the Indians their cannot bee lesse 
then 200 and the nomber to bee keept full and furnished, with 
all things requisite. By these forces v/ee shall have some revenge 
uppon those fugitives for soe much bloud spilt of our country 
men and by degree whoUie extripat them and better perswaide 
the other salvages (not interested in the quarrel!), to desire our 
friendship and protection, the first step to their convercon. But 



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^ AFFAIRS IN VIRGINIA IN 1626. 53 

that a running laboures much lesse their cattle, as hath bene gen- 
erally fancied; or that it is possible to see any notable effects of 
such an Armye untill from the forrest wee be furnished with 
Horses and Asses to carry munition provisions and such men as 
may be hurt or sicke, since wee must chase them within land, 
hath no ground or probabillity. 

The like we may saye for discoveryes by land, which are of 
greate hope both for the riches of the mountaines and probabil- 
leties of finding the passuage to the South Sea, which cannot bee 
attempted without those necessary meanes mentioned, which 
alwaies presuppose the wyning of the Forrest, therfore wee hum- 
bly desire that those preparations may bee supplyed out of hand, 
for bringing these workes to their due perfection; for incourage- 
ment of Volunteers to people the country, nothing wilbe more 
availeable then the safety and plentie that the forrest afords them 
(not that all men should bee compelled to live their, but that such 
as are able to defend their Plantacons may seate themselves 
where they best like) by which meanes the country groweing 
populous, divers staple comodities wilbe raised, since all neither 
can nor must bee suffered to tend Tobacco: that all comodities 
are not to be sec uppon as Adventures which are esteemed such 
in populous countrys, but a choise must be made, as wyne, silke, 
salt, fish and iron, and it were better seriously to apply ourselves 
to the most hopefoll and beneficiall then to graspe all at once, 
and those are rather to bee referred to the industries of privat 
men, then the publique stocke to be expended uppon them, only 
an extreordinary reward would be proposed to those that should 
first bring them to perfection. In the meane tyme it is necessary 
that the prise of Tobacco be upheld by prohibition of all other 
but ours and the Sommer Islands. And because the rates of 
comodities (notwithstanding the sole importacon of Tobacco) 
are soe high and supplies uncertaine, wee humbly desire, if it 
may soe stand with your Lordshipps approbations, that their 
may bee a constant Magazin furnished yearely with all such 
comodities as we shall from hence advertize, and wee doubt not 
their wilbe found Adventurers that will furnish us at 25 p. centum 
gaine, accepting our tobacco at 3s p. It), which alsoe wilbe a sin- 
guler meanes to incourage men for settling themselves in this 



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54 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. P^'uA ' '- 

country, especially if the Magazin may furnish them with ser- 
vants at reasonable prices. 

We find that nothing hath hindred the proceedings of Artts 
Manuall trades, and staple cotnodities more then the want of 
mony amoungst us; which makes all men apply themselves to 
Tobacco, because their is not Tobacco (which is our money) all 
the yeare to paie workmen, and the recovery of debts at the 
crope, is not without trouble, and the condition of what they 
shall receave uncertaine. But the groundwork of all is, that their 
bee a sufficient publique stock to goe through with soe greate a 
worke which wee cannot compute to bee lesse then ^20000 a 
yeare, certaine for some yeares: for by itt must bee mainetained 
the Governer and counsell and other officers here, the forrest 
wonne and stockt with cattle, fortifications raysed, a running 
armye mainetayned, discoveries made by Sea and land, and all 
othei things requisitt in soe mainefould a business. And be- 
cause the charges formerly bestowed uppon this Plantacon have 
not had the successe as might incourage a farther expense (which 
though in greate part may bee attributed to the usuall difficul- 
ties incident to new plantacons, yet as wee thinke it cannot bee 
denyed, but that in the bestowing of the publique treasure, their 
hath bene some tymes wilfuU abuses, some tymes errors and 
mistakings, because it was not possible for them soe far off to 
direct it to the best benefitt and advantage) wee humbly desire, 
that a good proporcon thereof may bee whollie att the disposall 
of the Governer, Counsell and general Assembly in Virginia, 
for the eflfecting of such publique workes as your Lordshipps 
shall appoint, not doubting (with God's assistance) by the accom- 
plishment thereof to approve unto your Lordshipps our carefuU 
endeavours and industries. 

If we should have enlarged ourselves uppon every one of 
these points, and have added such other perticulers as might bee 
any waye considerable, wee should have too much presumed on 
your Lordshipps patience. And we have bene the shorter in 
regard of Sir Thomas Wyatt his returne by these shipps, whome 
wee have ernestly desired by his more full relacon to informe 
your Lordshipps what ever this may fall short in, whoe wee 
doubt not will cleaire the objections that may bee made to the 



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THE FIRST LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY IN AMERICA. 55 

contrary of these our opinions. Thus hoping; that his most Ex- 
cellent Majestie wilbe pleased to yeald his gratious supportance 
to this worthie account, reserved by the devine providence to 
bee perfected and consumate by his Royal hands: And beseech- 
ing your Lordshipps that our humble advisements and requests 
may receave a favorable acceptance and accomplishment. Wee 
humbly take our leaves. 

Your Lordshipps very humble servants. 

James Cittie, the .n::',' a.i. 

,_ 17th May 1626. (Signed.) .. . ,. , •• • ^ 

s;. Francis VVyatt, • 

[om: -• ;;.v 1, Francis West, -' 

a ' Roger Smyth, 

Ralph Hamor, 

Sam Mathewes, 

WiLLM. Claytowne [Claybourne]. 



The First Legislative Assembly in America — Sitting 
at Jamestown, Virginia, 1619. 



A stranger visiting, for tlie first time, our Republic during this year 
of grateful celebration of the discovery of America, cannot fail to be 
struck with its millions of people who are educated, intelligent, and 
prosperous, and who are not only contented with their form of govern- 
ment, but devoted to it. If the visitor be of a philosophical cast of 
mind, he will enquire for the vital principle which has sustained and 
developed our civil institutions, and brought them»and our people into 
such happy and prosperous relations. To such an inquiry, he will soon 
find an answer. He will be informed that the principle which pervades 
our institutions, and to which we owe our happiness, as a people, is the 
right of the people to govern themselves, a right exercised through 
their chosen representatives. The exercise of this right is based upon 
and stimulates the growth of the intelligence and virtue 01 the people, 
and as it involves the right of the majority to rule, i*- exempHfies the 
Christian doctrine of the brotherhood of mankind, and of their equality 
in the sight of God, who is no respecter of persons. It involves also 
another great principle, namely, that rulers are but servants of the 






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56 , ^ '^^ VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



people; and this was also taught by the founder of Christianity, when 
he said to his disciples : " Whosoever of you will be the chiefest. shall 
be servant of all." 

The Spaniards and French, who settled in America, brought with 
them the impress of imperialism, which had cursed the countries from 
whence they came. The English, on the contrary, who settled these 
United States, brought with them the free institutions of England, 
which had grown up under the lights and privileges of the House of 
Commons, first firmly established in the reign uf Edward I. This great 
monarch not only confirmed the great charter, which had been wrung 
from the treacherous John at Runymede, but he converted into an 
established law a privilege of which the people had previously only a 
precarious enjoyment, namely, the sole and exclusive right of Parlia- 
ment to levy taxes. The memorable words of this statute, which pur- 
ports to be the language of the King, were: "Nullum tallagium vel 
auxilium per nos, vel haeredes nostros in regno nostro, ponatur sue 
levetur, sine voluntate et assensu archie piscoporum, episcoporum, 
comitum, baronum, militum, burgensium, et aliorum. liberorum homi- 
num de regno nostro." "A most important statute this," s^^ys DeLolme, 
" which, in conjunction with Magna Charter, forms the basis of the 
English Constitution. If from the latter, the English are to date the 
origin of their liberty, from the former they are to date the establish- 
ment of it; and as the Great Charter was the bulwark that protected 
the freedom of individuals, so was the statute in question the engine 
which protected the charter itself, and by the help of which the people 
were thenceforth to make legal conquests over the authority of the 
Crown." This powerful weapon of defence and offense was like the 
sword of the Archangel, of which we are told : 

***** ^ * "The sword 

Of Michael from the armory of God 

Was given him tempered so, that neither keen - 

Nor solid might resist that edge." ' 

With It the English people, after many a stubborn conflict with the 
Royal perogative, had, in the beginning of the seventeenth century, so 
firmly established their political rights, that they were recognized as the 
freest people upon the earth. Not that their struggle was entirely 
ended, but so powerful had become the Commons, that usurping Kings 
found themselves engaged in an unequal conflict, in which a Charles 
lost his head, and a James his kingdom, and thenceforth the Kings of 
England were forced to govern according to the provisions of the Bill 
of Rights, under which the supremacy of Parliament was established. 

The English Colonists who first settled in America brought with 
them, by their charter, all the rights of Englishmen. But local self- 
government was not accorded to the Virginians at first. They suflTered 



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THE FIRST LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY IN AMERICA. 57 

great hardships under what resembled a military government, until the 
year 1619, when the Colony was deemed sufficiently grown to warrant 
an Assembly. In that year Sir George Yeardley arrived with the 
Commission of Governor-General from the London Company, which 
had planted and governed the Colony. Among his instructions was 
one. also called a commission, that brought joy to the hearts of the 
Colonists. It was, as they described it, " that they might have a hande 
in the governinge of themselves, it was granted that a general assem- 
blie should be helde yearly once, wherat were to be present the Gov'r 
and Counsel!, with two Burgesses from each plantation freely to be 
elected by the inhabitants thereof; this Assembly to have power to 
make and ordaine whatsoever laws and orders should by them be 
thought good and proffittable for our subsistance." 

This commission, the real Magna Charter of Virginia, was issued the 
28th of November, 161 S. That night a flaming comet appeared in the 
Heavens, which was considered then an ill omen, but which might more 
properly have been taken as a heavenly recognition of the great boon 
which had been bestowed on America. The comet was visible till the 
26th of December, and the pervailing superstition prevented the sailing 
of Governor Yeardley till it was safely departed. He, therefore, sailed 
with his commission and instructions, the 29th of January, 1619, more 
than a year before the sailing of the Pilgrims. 

In accordance with this Commission, in June Governor Yeardley sent 
his summons all over the country, as well to invite those of the Coun- 
cil of State that were absent, as for the election of two Burgesses from 
each of the plantations, to meet at Jamestown on the 30th of July, 1619 
(O. S ). As Luis was the first Legislative Assembly which met in Amer- 
ica, and was the beginning of the free institutions which we now enjoy, 
I have thought it would be of interest to give some account of it, and 
of its proceedings. 

The place of meeting was the Episcopal Church, a wooden building 
sixty feet long and twenty-four wide. Its Communion Table was of 
black walnut; its pulpit, chancel, and pews, o.' cedar. It had hand- 
some wide windows, also made of cedar, which could be shut and 
opened, according to the weather. A green velvet chair was placed in 
the choir, in which the Governor sat. The building was so constructed 
as to be very light within, and we are told that the Governor caused it 
to be kept " passing sweet and trimmed up with divers flowers." The 
native Virginia flowers in season were doubtless used. There might 
be seen festoons of the Trumpet creeper, with its splendid scarlet flower, 
mingled with the sweet-smelling white honey-suckle, and clematis, 
some of the latter with beautiful white clusters, and others with lovely 
bell-shaped feathery flowers, cream colored, and touched with purple, 
while the pulpit and Communion Table were decked with pink sweet- 
briar and swamp roses, and red swamp lilies. 






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58 THE VIRGINIA HISTORICAL ^fAGAZINE. ^, , =-,;! 

On the memorable morning of the 3olh of July, 1619, the Governor 
went in state to the Church. He was accompanied by the Councillors 
and officers of the Colony, with a guard of Halberdiers dressed in the 
Governor':; livery. Behind them walked, with becoming dignity, the 
twenty-two newly-elccted Burgesses. 

In the contemporaneous account sent to England by the Speaker, we 
are told: "The most convenient place we could finde to sitt in was the 
Quire of the Church, where Sir George Yeardley, the Governour, being 
sett down in his accustomed place, those of the Counsel of Estate sate 
ne.xte him on both handes, excepte only the Secretary, then appointed 
Speaker, who sate right before him, John Twine, Gierke of the General 
Assembly, being placed ne.xte the Speaker, and Thomas Pierse, the 
Sergeant, standing at the barre, to be ready for any service the Assem- 
bly should command him. But forasmuche as men's affaires doe little 
prosper where God's service is neglected, all the Burgesses tooke their 
places in the Quire till a prayer was said by Mr. Bucke, the minister, 
that it would please God to guide and sanctifie all our proceedings to ' 
his owne glory, and the good of this plantation. Prayer being ended', 
to the intente that as we had begun at God Almighty, so we might pro- 
ceed with awful and due respecte towards the Lieutenant, our most 
gratious and dread Soveraigne, all the Burgesses were intreated to re- 
tyre themselves into the body of the Churche, which being done, before 
they were freely admitted, they were called to order and by name, and 
so every man (none staggering at it) tooke the oathe of Supremacy, 
and then entered the Assembly." 

And now that the Assembly has been duly constituted, let us look 
upon the men who composed it. They are all Englishmen of a high 
type, and following ancient custom, they sit with their hats on. Sir 
George Yeardley was the first cousin of the step-father of John Har- 
vard, founder of Harvard College. He had been educated to arms in 
Holland, where he had fought for Protestantism in the cruel war waged 
for its extermination by Spain He had been a subscriber to the Lon- 
don Company under its Second Charter, and had come to Virginia with 
Sir Thomas Gates in 1609, escaping the dangers of the famous wreck 
on the Bermudas, which, it is said, suggested to Shakespeare "The 
Tempest." He had acted as Governor for a year after the departure of 
Sir Thomas Dale in 1616, and then, having married, he went to Eng- 
land where he was commissioned as Governor on the iSth of Novem- 
ber, 1618, to succeed the treacherous Argall. Upon his appointment, 
he had been knighted by the King at x\ew Market, and was proud of 
his newly-acquired honor. This he showed in his bearing. He was a 
man of wealth, and of well-deserved influence. The Councillors, who 
sat on his right and his left, were men of mark. Among them was 
Captain Francis West, the son of Sir Thomas West, the Second Lord 
De la Warr. He came to Virginia with Newport, in July, 1608, and was 






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•■ ■-.■j'-i -1 1* noqU 



THE FIRST LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY IN AMERICA. 59 

made a member of the Council the next year. He also subscribed un- 
der the Second Charter. He had been put in command of the fort at 
the Falls of James River (Richmond), and had been President of the 
Council in 1612. He had settled at West Hundred, since known as 
Westover, around which has centered so much of historic interest, both 
during the Revolution and in the late war. Ke was subsequently to 
become the Governor of Virginia. He was a direct descendant of 
William, the Conqueror, and proved himself to be a man of nerve in 
his resistance to the planting of Maryland by Lord Baltimore within 
the limits of Virginia. 

Captain Nathaniel Powell had come with the first colonists; had been 
with Newport when he explored the York River, and with Smith when 
he explored the Chesapeake Bay. He was a man of culture, and kept 
an account of occurrences in the Colony, which was freely used by 
Captain Smith in his History of Virginia. Both he and his wife were 
afterwards among the victims of the Indian massacre, which occurred 
March 22d, 1622. 

John Rolfe had come to Virginia with Sir Thomas Gates, and had 
been in the wreck upon the Bermudas. In 1612 he had introduced the 
systematic culture of tobacco in Virginia. In 1614 he had married the 
Princess Pocahontas, whom he carried to England in 1616. On their 
way homeward the Princess had died at Gravesend, in March, 1617. 
He was also a r.ian of cultivation, and had written one or more tracts 
upon Virginia. 

The Rev. Vv'illiam Wickham was of a prominent family, engaged in 
the East India service. He added the dignity of the Clergy to the 
Assembly in which he sat. 

Captain Samuel Maycock was a Cambridge scholar, a gentleman of 
birth, virtue, and industry, who was also doomed to fall in the Indian 
massacre. 

John Pory, Secretary of the Colony, sat as the Speaker of the Bur- 
gesses. He had been educated at Cambridge, and was an accom- 
plished scholar. He was a disciple of the celebrated Hackluyt, who 
left the highest testimonial to his learning, He had been a great trav- 
eller, and had published, in 1600, a Geographical History of Africa, 
which contained a good account of Abyssinia, a map of Africa, and a 
tracing of the Nile from an inland lake. Having served in Parliament 
he was able to give order to their proceedings, and proper form to 
their acts. 

The names of John Twine, Clerk, and Thomas Pierse, Sergeant, sug- 
gest at once the actors in a famous litigation, one of the leading cases 
in English jurisprudence. It is known as Twine's case, and is re- 
ported by Lord Coke. Pierse was indebted to Twine four hundred 
pounds, and conveyed his property, valued at three hundred pounds, to 
secure the debt. But the conveyance was declared to be void, as in 



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■ ' : ■.' - CI 

60 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

contiict with the statute of 13 EHzabeth against fraudulent convey- 
ances. 

Turning now to the Burgesses, we find Captain \Vm. Powell and 
Ensign William Spence sitting for Charles City. Captain Powell, a 
subscriber under the Second Charter, came to Virginia with Gates in 
i6ii,and was the gunner at Jamestown. He was one of the first to 
whom the plot of the Indians for murdering the Colonists was revealed, 
and was instrumental in giving warning to the plantations nearest 
Jamestown. He became very active afterwards in taking revenge upon 
the Indians for the massacre, and it is believed that he was killed by 
them on the Chickahominy in January, 1623. 

The representatives for Charles City were Samuel Sharp and Samuel 
Jordan, names that have been honored in the subsequent history of 
Virginia. Samuel Jordan came to Virginia at an early date. His 
plantation was perhaps the first in Virginia to which an alliterative 
name was given. It was called "Jordon's Journey.'' He survived the 
Indian Massacre, and gathered some of the stragglers about him at a 
place called " Beggar's Bush," where we are told "he fortified and 
lived in despight of the enemy.'' Within a few weeks alter his death, 
in 1623, his widow. Cicely, distinguished herself greatly by introducing 
into the Colony the art of fiirting, an art which has been practiced 
somewhat in Virginia ever since. It was alleged that she had accepted 
two suitors, the Rev. Greville Pooley, and Mr. William Ferrar. Each 
claimed her hand. Their hot dispute was carried before the Council. 
That body, after solemn consideration, declared that the case was too 
knotty for them, and referred it to the Council in London. W^e are not 
informed as to their decision. 

Thomas Dowse and John Polentine represented the City of Henricus, 
located at what is now known as Dutch Gap. The first came to Vir- 
ginia as early as 1608, and was one of the few of the early settlers that 
survived. The second survived the Massacre, and visited England in 
1626. 

For Kiccowtan, Captain William Tucker and William Capp sat. The 
first, a subscriber under the third Charter, after sending over two men 
with Ralph Hamor in January, 1617, soon after came to Virginia him- 
self. He was a merchant and trader, and made many voyages to 
England. After 1719, he served for many years as a Councillor. He 
was one of the most active and efficient in avenging upon the Indians 
their cruel massacre of 1622. 

William Capp was an ancient planter, and one of the first .settlers. 
We find him surviving all the dangers of the Colony, and living as late 
as 1630. 

Captain Thomas Graves and Mr. Walter Shelley sat for Smythe's 
Hundred. The first, a subscriber under the second Charter, had come 
to Virginia in 1608. We find him soon after this Assembly living on the 









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K:ii -^"i>> ff''' "< 



THE FIRST LEGISLATIVE AfiSEMBLV IX AMERICA. 61 

Eastern shore, and representing Accomac as a Burgess.' He was a 
member of the first regular vestry of the parish 1635. 

Walter Shelley, to whom doubtless the poet was related, was one of 
the original subscribers to the London Company who afterwards came 
to the Colony. On the third day of the Assembly, we find the follow- 
ing brief but touching entry in the Journal : " Sunday, August the first ; 
Mr. Shelley, one of the Burgesses, deceased." 

The representatives for Martin's Hundred were John Boys and John 
Jackson. The first was a victim of the Indian massacre of 1622. The 
second, whose name seems some times to have been spelled Juxon, was 
a kinsman of Bishop William Juxon, who attended Charles the First on 
the scaffold, and to whom the King is said to have addressed his last 
mysterious word, " Remember." 

Captain Thomas Pawlett and Mr. Gourgaing represented Argall's 
Guifte. 

Capt. Pawlett was a brother of John Pawlett, who was elevated to the 
Peerage in 1627, as Baron Pawlett of Hinton, St. George. In 1637 
Capt. Pawlett owned Westover. which he leftat his death to his brother, 
Lord Pawlett, whose son sold the property to Theodoric Bland in April, 
1665. The tract then contained 1200 acres, and was sold for 170 
pounds. 

Flouer dieu Hundred was represented by Ensign Rosingham ('a 
nephew of the Governor), and Mr. Jefferson, with whom the celebrated 
Thomas Jefferson claimed relationship. 

Capt. Christopher Lawne and Ensign Washer represented Captain 
Lawne's Plantation, afterwards known as '' Isle of Wight Plantation." 
Captain Lawne only lived a year after the meeting of the Assembly. 

Captain Ward's Plantation was only commenced in 161S, and was 
represented by Captain Warde himself and Lieutenant Gibbes. 

Lieutenant Gibbes was doubtless a son of Thomas Gibbes, who was 
a member of his Majesty's Council, for the Virginia Company in London. 

Thomas Davis and Robert Stacy, who had been sent from Capt. John 
Martin's Plantation, had been excluded from the Assembly. 

The Rev. Richard Bucke,. the ofiiciating minister, was educated at 
Oxford, and was an able and learned Divine. He came to Virginia in 
1609, and was wrecked on the Bermudas, where he christened a child 
of John Rolfe's, born on that Island. He married in Virginia, was the 
minister at Jamestown, where in 1614 he performed the marriage cere- 
mony between Rolfe and the Indian Princess Pocahontas. Rolfe de- 
scribed him as " a verie good preacher." The Church in which the As- 
sembly met had been built for him " wholly at the charge of the inhabi- 
tants of James City." He was on intimate terms with Rolfe, and was 
one of the witnesses to his will in .March, 1621. 

After a session of five days, the body adjourned, " Being constrained," 
as they expressed it, " by the intemperature of the weather and the fall- 






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62 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

ing sick of diverse of the Burgesses, to break up so abruptly — before 
they had so much as putt their lawes to engrossing, this tliey wholly 
coniited to the fidelity of their Speaker." During these five days, much 
was accomplished. When we look at the acts of this body, we are 
struck with their just conception of their rights as a new assembly. 
They asserted the right to judge of the election and return of their 
members, and, in its exercise, e.xcluded the delegates sent from the 
Plantation of Cant. John Martin, because, by the terms of his patent, he 
appeared to be exempt from the general form of government which 
had been given the Colony ; and in addition tiiey petitioned the London 
Company that they would e.Kamine the patent of Capt. Martin, and " in 
case they shall finde anything in this, or in any other parte of his graunte 
whereby that clause towardes the conclusion of the great charter fviz., 
that all grauntes as well of the one sorte as of the other, respectively, 
be made with equal favour, and grauntes of like liberties and imunities 
as neer as may be, to the ende that all complainte of partiality and in- 
difTerency may be avoided) might in any sorte be contradicted, or the 
uniformity and equality of lavves and orders extending over the whole 
Colony might be impeached. That they would be pleased to remove 
any such hindrance as may diverte out of the true course the free and 
public current of Justice." Thus early did Virginia insist upon the 
equality of her citizens before the law, a principle inserted in her Decla- 
ration of Rights In 1776, when she became a State, in the provisions 
"that no man, or set of men, are entitled to exclusive or separate 
emoluments or privileges from the community, but in consideration of 
public services "; and, "'that the people have a right to unit"orm govern- 
ment, and therefore that no government separate from, or independent 
of, the government of Virginia, ought to be erected or established with- 
in the limits thereof." 

Having thus purged their roll, the Assembly proceeded, according to 
their Speaker's report, as follows : " The Speaker, who a long time had 
been extreame sickly, and therefore not able to passe through long 
harangues, delivered in briefe to the whole assembly the occasions of 
their meeting. Which done, he read unto them the commission for 
establishing the counsell of estate, and the general assembly, wherein 
their duties were described to the life. Having thus prepared them, he 
read over unto them the great Charter, or commission of priviledges, 
orders, and lawes, sent by Sir George Yeardley out of England ; which, 
for the more ease of the committees, having divided into fower books, 
he read the former two the same forenoon, for expeditions sake, a sec- 
ond time over, and so they were referred to the perusall of two commit- 
tees, which did reciprocally consider of either, and accordingly brought 
in their opinions ■^********** in case we should find ought 
not perfectly squaring with the state of this Colony, or any lawe which 
did presse or binde too harde, that we might, by waye of humble peti- 



THE FIRST LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY IN AMERICA. 63 

tion, seeke to have it redressed, especially because this great Charter 
is to binde us and our heyers forever." 

Nothing can throw a clearer light on the state of the colony than the 
acts of this assembly. 

The committees, when they reported on the first two books, submit- 
ted six petitions to be sent to the Virginia Company of London. They 
were wisely framed in view of the needs of the Colony, and were agreed 
to by the Assembly 

The first was that the lands theretofore granted by patent to the 
planters, be not taken from them in the allotments of lands to the Gov- 
ernor, and his council, the officers of incorporations, and the members 
of the London Company. 1 he second, that the London Company send, 
with convenient speed, men to occupy their lands belonging to the four 
corporations, and also tenants for the glebe land of the ministers of 
these corporations. The third, that the planters who came before Sir 
Thomas Dale's departure in 1616, be put upon the same footing with 
those to whom land was granted afterwards, and that a single share 
apiece be granted to the male children born in Virginia, and to their 
wives, '■ because," they say, '• that in a newe plantation it is not known 
whether man or woman be the more necessary." The importance of 
this petition will appear when we remember that on the return of Dale 
in July, 1616, the London Company determined to give the planters a 
fixed property in the soil, and to confirm every man's portion " as a 
state of inheritance to him and his heyers forever, with bounds and 
limits under the Companies seale, to be holden of his Majestic as of his 
Manour of East Greenwich, in socage tenure, and not in capite." The 
fourth, that a sub-treasurer be appointed here to collect the rents of the 
London Company, instead of requiring the impossibility of paying them 
in England, "and that they would enjoine the said sub-treasurer not 
precisely according to the letter of the Charter, to exacte money of us 
(whereof we have none at all, as we have no minte) but the true value 
of the rente in comodity." 

The fifth, that " towards the erecting of the university and college, 
they will sende, when they shall thinke it most convenient, workmen of 
all sortes, fitt for that purpose." The si.xth, that the savage name of 
Kiccowtan be changed and a new name be given to that incorporation. 
This was done, and the place was named Hampton. 

The purpose of establishing a university and college thus early mani- 
fested by the Virgmians, was to be advanced by working-a large tract 
of land granted for that purpose at Henrico, or Henricus, some twelve 
miles below Richmond. The plantation unfortuately was broken up 
by the Indian Massacre in 1622, and the establishment of the college 
was thus postponed till the reign of William and .Mary, and then it was 
located at Williamsburg, and named after the two sovereigns. 

The Speaker's report continued as follows: "These petitions thus 



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64 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

concluded on, those twor committees brought a reporte what they had 
observed in the too latter bookes, which was nothing else but that the 
perfection of them was such as that they could find nothing in them 
subject to exception ****** at the same time there remaining no 
farther scruple in the mindes of the Assembly touching the said great 
Charter of Lawes, orders and privileges, the Speaker putt the same to 
the question, and so it hath both a general assent and the applause of 
the whole Assembly. ****** This being dispatched, we fell once 
more debating of such instructions given by theCounsell in England to 
several Governor's as might be converted into lawes."' 

Of these enacted into laws, the first was fixing the value of tobacco 
to be taken either for commodities, or for bills, at three shillings a 
pound for the best, and eighteen pence a pound for the second quality. 
Then followed laws against idleness, gaming, drunkenness, and excess 
in apparel. The provision concerning apparel is interesting. It was, 
"That every man be cessed (assessed) in the Churche for all publique 
contributions ; if he be unmarried according to his owne apparell ; if he 
be married, according to his owne and his wives, or either of their ap- 
parell." It may be safely said, that had female suffrage existed in the 
Colony, this Church tax would have been placed entirely on the unmar- 
ried men. 

Other of this class of laws related to intercourse with the Indians, 
and to educating and Christianizing them, to the planting of corn, mul- 
berry trees, silk-flax, hemp and grapevines, to the regulation of con- 
tracts with trades people, tenants, and servants, and to the management 
of the magazine or storehouse of the Colony. 

On the 3ri of August the Assembly entered upon the consideration 
of the third sort of laws. " Suche as might proceed out of every man's 
private conceipt." They were referred to the two committees, and were 
reported and adopted the next day. These allowed freemen to trade 
with the Indians, but contained stringent enactments against selling or 
giving them hoes, dogs, shot, powder, or fire arms. As to these three 
last named the penalty was death. Fines were imposed on persons 
going twenty miles from home, or absenting themselves seven days, or 
visiting the Indians, without leave of the Governor, or of the Com- 
mander of the place of their habitation. Provision was made for taking 
a census of the inhabitants, and for record and report by the Ministers 
of all christenings, burials, and marriages. The killing of neat cattle 
and oxen, without leave of the Governor, was forbidden. The taking 
of the boats, cars, and canoes of the neighbors, and thefts from the In- 
dians, were made punishable. Ministers were required to conduct 
worship according to the laws and orders of the Church of England, 
and to catechise every Sunday afternoon those " not yet ripe to come 
to the Communion." The Ministers and Church Wardens were required 
to present all ungodly disorders, and a fine of five shillings for the use 



;-ixisa^>ah jAJiii'icfiH Aiv<iaMrv ^b 



^.JlJe t-.Kif. 



THE FIRST LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY IN AMERICA. 65 

of the Church was imposed upon those who were guilty of swearing, 
after thrice admonition. All persons were required to attend Divine 
service on the Sabbath day; the men to come with their fire arms. 
Persons trading in the Bay were required to give security that they 
would not v.Tongthe Indians ; and the marriages and contracts of ser- 
vants were regulated. 

The Assembly sat as a Court in two matters brought before it. The 
first was on the complaint of Captain \Vm. Powell against one Thomas 
Gannett, his servant. The behavior of the servant had been so wicked 
and obscene that he was condemned to have his ears nailed to the Pil- 
lory for four days, and to be publicly whipped each day. This seem- 
ingly harsh punishment should be viewed in the light of the age, which 
had little of the humanitarian feeling of the present day; and beside, 
the Colony was limited in the punishment it could employ. 

The other case was that of Captain He.nry Spelman. Robert Poole, 
the interpreter of the Indian language, charged him with speaking ir- 
reverently and maliciously of the Governor, to Opechancano, the great 
Indian Chief. Part of the words charged to have been spoken Spelman 
confessed, but the greater part he denied. In view of this fact, the As- 
sembly was unwilling to inflict the severest punishment on him, upon 
the testimony of one witness. It was determined to degrade him from 
his title and position as a Captnin, and require him to serve the Colony 
for seven years as an interpreter to the Governor. 

This Henry Spelman had a notable career. He was the third son of 
the distinquished antiquarian, Sir Henry Spelman, ofConghan, Norfolk, 
England. He was a wild boy. He came to Virginia in 1609, when 
about twenty-one years of age, " beinge in displeasuer of my friendes, 
and desirous to see other countryes," as he tells us. Soon after his 
arrival he relates that Capt. John Smith, then President of the Colony, 
carried him to the fall of James River, and sold him to the Indian Chief- 
tain, Little Powhatan, for a town called Powhatan. Dr. Simons, how- 
ever, states, in Smith's General History, that when Captain Sickelmore, 
with some thirty others, were slain by Powhatan in 1609, Pocahontas 
saved the life of Henry Spelman, and he lived many years afterwards 
with the Indians. He afterward visited England, and on his return to 
Virginia was made a Captain. He was sent with twenty-six men, in 
1623, to trade in the River Potowmac and was surprised and slain, with 
five of his men, by the Indians. He wrote an account of his observa- 
tions while living with the Indians, which was discovered at the sale of 
a library by James F. Hunniwell, Esq., who published it in 1872. 

Every male above 16 was required to contribute one pound of tobacco 
for compensation to the Speaker, Clerk, and Sergeant for their services. 
The Session concluded with several petitions to tht London Com- 
pany, the two last of which are in these words : 

"Thirdly, the General Assembly doth humbly beseeche the said 
5 



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66 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Treasurer, counsel), and Company, that albeit it belongeth to them 
onely to allowe or to abrogate any lawes which we shall here make, 
and that it is their right so to doe yet tl-.at it would please them not to 
take it in ill parte if these lawes which we have nowe brought to light, 
do passe current and be of force till suche time as -ve may knowe their 
farther pleasure out of Englande in, for otherwise, this people (who 
now at length have gotten the raines of former servitude into their 
own swindge) ..-ould in shcrte t'me grow so insolent, as they would shake 
off all government, and there would be nc living among them. Their 
last humble suite is, that the said Counsell and Company would be 
pleased, so soon as they shall finde it convenient, to make good their 
promise sett dov.-n at the conclusion of their commission, for establish- 
ing the counsell of estate and the General Assembly, namely, that they 
will give us power to allowe or disallowe of their orders of courts, as 
his Majesty hath given them power to allowe or reject our lawes." 

The question of the validity of the acts of the Assembly till they were 
disallowed by the authorities in England, was one which was unsettled 
in the year 175S, when the act passed which permitted debts contracted 
to be paid in tobacco, to be solved in currency at a fixed rate; the re- 
sistance to which, by the Clergy, gave rise to the famous " Parson's 
cause." The power to disallow the orders of the London Company 
was a great stride in the direction of independent local government, 
and the promise of it by the London Company shows to what extent 
the spirit of liberty was nourished in that celebrated body during the 
arbitrary reign of James the First, a fact that excited his hatred of the 
corporation, and caused him to take from it its Charter. 

Hutchinson, the Tory historian, wrote: ''In 1619 a House of Bur- 
gesses broke out at Jamestown." He evidently regarded it as if it had 
been the plague, and a plague it was to all those who endeavored to 
tyranize the colony. As early as 1623 the Assembly enacted, "That 
the Governor Shall not lay any taxes or ympositions upon the Colony, 
their lands or comodities, other way than by the authority of the Gen- 
eral Assembly, to be levyed and ymployed as the said Assembly shall 
appoynt." In 1631, they enacted that " the Governor and Council shall 
not lay any taxes and ympositions, etc.," including in the prohibition 
the Council with the Governor. In 1632 this latter act was re enacted 
verbatim. The same thing occurred in 1642. In 1645, they enacted 
that " no leavies be raised within the Colony but by a general 
grand assembly." .In 1651, when they agreed with the Commis- 
sioners sent out by Cromwell, one article was, " that Virginia shall 
be free from all taxes, customes, and impositions, whatsoever, and 
none to be imposed on them without consent of the Grand Assembly." 
In 1666, upon the request of Governor Berkley " tnat two or more of 
the Council might join with the house in granting and confirming the 
levy," the house answered, " That they conceive it their privilege to lay 






/JO" -tfi'. 



jfSi ".yval 



THE FIRST LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY IX AMERICA. 67 

the levy in the House, and that the House will admit nothing without 
reference from the honorable Governour, unless it be before adjudged 
and confirmed by act or order, and after passing in the House shall be 
humbly presented to their honours for approbation or dissent." These 
were not vain repetitions, but were earnest reiterations of the sole 
right of the people to tax themselves through their representatives, 
made during contests with the Executive power, and indicate a stub- 
born determination to defend the great bulwark of English liberty. So 
exasperated had the Burgesses become in these contests, that we find 
them at length challenging the right of the Governor to veto their acts. 

In i6S6, James the Second wrote a sharp letter, ordering the Assem- 
bly to be dissolved, because the House of Burgesses " have presumed 
so far as to raise contests touching the power of the negative voice, 
wherewith our Governour is intrusted bv us." As a result of their strug- 
gles, the Assembly enjoyed exclusively this great right of taxation un- 
interruptedly until 1765, when Parliament undertook to tax Virginia 
without the consent of her Assembly. We can well understand the 
alarm which this attempt produced, and can appreciate the inherited 
fortitude of the Burgesses of that year in adopting their famous reso- 
liitions against the Stamp Act, in which they declared, "that the Gen- 
eral Assembly of this Colony have the sole right and power to lay 
taxes, and impositions upon the inhabitants of this Colony ; and that 
every attempt to vest such power in any person or persons, whatsoever, 
other than the General Assembly aforesaid, has a manifest tendency to 
destroy British, as well as American freedom." 

The publication of these resolves fired the Colonies (^they all having 
continuously claimed the same right), and " set in motion the ball of the 
Revolution," the glorious fruits of which we this day enjoy. 

W. W. Henry. 



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68 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Virginia Land Patents. 



(Prepared bv \V. G. Stanard.) 



(59) Thomas Sulley, of Elizabeth City, planter, 94 acres lying to- 
wards the head of Southampton River, due as part of his own personal 
dividend, being an ancient planter; and 6 acres more in the Island of 
James City. Granted by Francis West, Nov. 30, 162S, 



(60) Martha Key, wife of Thomas Key [i], of Warwick River, 
planter (as his personal dividend, being an ancient planter), 150 acres 
lying on Warwicksqueake River, opposite the land of Captain Nathan- 
iel Basse [2] and adjoining that of Rice Jones. Granted by F. West 
Dec. 2d, 1626. 

V 
NOTES. 

[i] Thomas Key \.as member of the House of Burgesses for Den- 
bigh 1629-30. 

[2] Captain Nathaniel Basse, born 15S9, came to Virginia in 1622. 
{Hotten). On June 2d, 1620, and January 30, 162 1-2, he, with his asso- 
ciates. Sir Richard Worsley, Bart. John Hobson, gent., and Captain 
Christopher Lawne, agreed with the Virginia Company to transport 100 
persons to Virginia, and received a confirmation of their old patent, 
the plantation on which was to be called "the Isle of Wight's planta- 
tion." {Proceedings of Virginia Company). The members of this 
company were probably resident? of the English Isle of Wight (Sir 
Richard Worsley certainly was), and the place of the settlemant gained 
the name of Isle of Wight county. Captain Nathaniel Basse was mem- 
ber of the House of Burgesses for Warrosquoiacke, March, 1623-4, and 
October, 1629. 



(61) Rice Jones, of Warwick River (as his first dividend), 50 acres, 
due by virtue of his own transportation from Canada in \.\\q John and 
Francis, in 1623 ; said land lying on the easterly side of Warwicks- 
queake River. Granted by F. West, Dec. 2d, 1628. 



(62) Phetliplace Clause [i].as his first personal dividend, 100 acres 
on the east side of Warwicksqueake River. Said land is granted in 
lieu of 100 acres on the upper part of the river, which was formerly 
granted him in May, 1619, by Sir George Yeardley, Knight, and resigned 
" in regard of the great danger of planting the same." Granted Dec. 
2d, 1626, by F. West. 



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~Q . ABSTRACTS OF VIRGINIA LAND PATENTS. 69 

NOTE. 

[i] Phetliplace Clause settled in Virginia before 1619; was Burgess 
for Mulberry Island October, 1629, and for " From Denbigh to Waters' 
Creek ' in 1632. 



(63) John Leydon [i], ancient planter (as his first personal dividend), 
100 acres lying on the east side of the creek called Blunt Point Creek, 
adjoining the land leased to William Cooksey, and the land now in the 
tenant of Anthony Burrows and William Harris. Said land being in 
lieu of 100 acres in the Island of Henrico [2], formerly granted to him 
February 26th, 1619, and now resigned in regard of the great danger 
in seating there. Granted Dec. 2d, 162S, by F. West- 

NOTES. 

[i] John Laydon (or Layton), born 15S0; came to Virginia in 1607 
{Hoiien). His marriage with Ann Burras (born 1594, came to Virginia 
in 160SJ, maid to Mrs. Forrest, was the first solemnized in the Colony 
{Campbell 6^)- In 1624 they had four daughters— Virginia, Alice, Kath- 
erine and Mary — all born in Virginia [Hotten). The first named, Vir- 
ginia Layton, was the first child born of parents who were married in 
Virginia. 

[2] This place, long known as Farrar's Island, is in the county of 
Henrico, and was a peninsula until cut off from the main by the Dutch 
Gap canal. It was the site of the " town," or settlement, called Hen- 
ricopolis, founded by Dale in 161 1 (see CampbelTs History of Virginia, 

105, 106). s 



(64) Robert Sweete, of Elizabeth City, gentleman (as his first per- 
sonal dividend), 150 acres, lying below a creek called Waters' Creek 
[now called Watts' Creek], and abutting westerly upon the land granted 
to Robert Hutchins, mariner. Due for the transportation of himself, 
who came in the Xeplune in 1618, of John Rutherford, who came in the 
Warwicke in 1621, and of John Weaver, who cams in the John and 
Francis \n 1623. Granted by John Pott, March 17, 1628. 



(65) W^iLLiA.M Andrews, [i] of Accomack, planter (as his first divi- 
dend), 100 acres on the Eastern Shore of the " Bay of Chesepeiake, " 
abutting northerly on Captain William Epes' land, and extending to- 
wards the persimmon ponds. Due for the transportation of Robert 
Owles and John Holmes, who came in the Southampton in 1622, at the 
charges of William Ferrar, Esq., who made over the rights to said An- 
drews. Granted by John Pott, .March 14, 162S. 

NOTE. 

[i] Major William Andrews was a Justice of Northampton county 



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70 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

1640 to 1655, and by his will, dated Feb. 20, 1654, and proved, North- 
ampton county, Feb. 30, 1655, bequeathed his estate to his wife, Mary, 
sons William, John, Robert, and Andrew, daughter Susannah, and 
granddaughters Elisheba and Elizabeth Andrews, children of William 
Andrews. On February 19, 1659, William Smart, John Stringer, Wil- 
liam Andrews, and Thomas Harmanson gave bond in Northampton as 
security to care properly for the persons and estates of the children of 
Lieutenant-Colonel William Andrews. William Andrews, Jr., was 
elected sherifl' of Northampton by the Council of State April 3d, 1655, 
and was a member of the House of Burgesses for Northampton in 
1663. In 1656, it appears from an entry in the Northampton records, 
that Mr. William Smart had married the widow of "Mr. William An- 
drews." Whether this referred to the father or the son the writer has no 
information. William Andrews, Jr., married Dorothea, widow of Mount- 
joy Evelyn, and daughter of Col. Obedfence Robins, of " Cherrystone." 

(66) Captain Thomas Gr.wes [i], ancient planter (as his tirst divi- 
dend), 200 acres on the Eastern Shore of the " Bay of Chesepeiake," 
abutting southerly on the land of Captain Henry Fleet [2]. Said land 
due by virtue of an adventure of five and twenty pounds, paid by the 
said Graves to Sir Thomas Smith, late Treasurer of the Company of 
Virginia. Granted by John Pott, March 14th, 1628. 

NOTES. 

[i] Captain Thomas Graves came to Virginia in 1607; was at one 
time made prisoner by the Indians, but was ransomed. Was commis- 
sionioner [justice] for Accomac 1629, and Burgess for the same, 1632. 

[2] The distinguished maternal ancestry of Henry Fleet should be 
first noticed in a sketch of him and his family. Sir Henry Wyatt, of 
Allington Castle, Kent, " was a prominent figure at the Court of Henry 
VIII {1495-1509), and accompanied him to the Field of the Cloth of 
Gold " {Encyc- Britl. ). His son, Sir Thomas Wyatt, the Poet, was born 
1503, and died October nth, 1542. " Undoubtedly the leader and the 
acknowledged master of 'the company of courtly makers,' who, in the 
reign of Henry VIII, under Italian influence, transformed the character 
of English poetry. He took bachelor's degree at Cambridge at 15; 
was knighted in 1536, and was twice sent as ambassador to the Emperor 
(Charles V), a strong proof of his repute as a statesman and diplo- 
matist " {Encyc. Britl) He married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 
Brooke, Lord Cobham, and had a son, Sir Thomas Wyatt, the 
Rebel, born 1520, beheaded on Tower Hill, April nth, 1554. "From 
1545 to 1550 he commanded at Boulogne, and in 1554 led the Kent- 
ish (Protestant) insurgents in the Duke of Suffolk's conspiracy, 
on occasion of the proposed marriage of Queen Mary with Philip 
II." {Am. Encyc.) "A cry that the Spaniards were coming 'to 



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72 ABSTRACTS OF VIRGINIA LAND PATENTS. 71 

conquer the relm ' (and restore England to the Pope) drew thou- 
sands to Wyatt's standard. The ships in the Thames submitted to be 
seized by the insurgents. A party of train bands of London, who 
marched with the royal guard, under the old Duke of Norfolk, deserted 
to the Rebels in a mass, with shouts of 'A Wyatt, a Wyatt. We are all 
Englishmen.' " {Green's English People.) " He entered London at the 
head of his followers, and, after a fight in the streets, he was captured, 
February 7th, imprisoned in the Tower, and beheaded April 11, 1554-" 
{Am. Encyc.) He married Jane, daughter of Sir Wm. Howt, and 
had a daughter. Joan Wyatt, who married Charles Scott, son of 
Sir Reginald Scott, of Scott's Hall, Kent, who " was captain of 
the castles of Calais and Langette ; high sheriff of Kent, 1541-2; 
was principally engaged abroad in military service; died Decem- 
ber 16, 1554.. * * * Married (2) Mary, daughter of Sir Bryan Tuke, 
secretary to Cardinal Wolsey, and had by her Mary, who mar- 
ried Richard Argall, and Charles [named above], who married Jane 
Wyatt." {Brozvn's Genesis and Berry's Kentish Pedigreesi. De- 
borah, daughter of Charles and Jane Scott, married Willi.vm' Fleet, 
gent., of Chatham, Kent, who was a member of the Virginia Company, 
under the 3d charter, and subscribed and paid ^37 losh. They had 
issue seven sons and four daughters. Four of the sons were among 
the early emigrants to Virginia and Maryland, viz : i. Hetiry^; 2. Ed- 
ward^ member of the Maryland Legislature in 163S ; 3. Reginold*, 
member of the Maryland Legislature 1638 ; 4. John*, member ot the 
Maryland Legislature 163S ; believed to have been the person of the 
name who patented land atTindall's Point, Gloucester county, Virginia, 
in 1662, and was living there in 1667. 

I. Henry' Fleet, born probably 1595-1600, died about i66t ; came to 
Virginia at an early date, was captured by the Indians on the Potomac 
in 1623 ; remained a captive until 1627, during which time he acquired 
a familiar knowledge of their language ; was ransomed, and in 1627 
went to England. Becoming a partner and agent for several London 
merchants, he was engaged for years in the Indian trade. He was an 
interpreter, trader and legislator in Maryland, and finally settled at 
Fleet's Bay, Lancaster county, Virginia. He was Burgess for Lancaster 
in 1652, and engaged in an expedition against the Indians in 1660. His 
opinions in regard to Indian affairs seem to have had much weight in 
the colony. He wrote " A Brief Journal of a Voyage made in the Bark 
Virginia, to Virginia and the other parts of the Continent of America," 
the MS of which is in the Lambeth Palace Library, London, and which 
Neill published in his " Founders of Maryland." Streeter, in his 
"Papers Relating to the Early History of Maryland," says of him : "'He 
was an active man, a useful citizen, a shrewd leader, an excellent in- 
terpreter, and contributed his full share towards laying the foundations 
of the Colony of Maryland, and building up the Colony of Virginia." 



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72 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 3 

Captain Henry Fleet was a Justice of Lancaster 1653, and on the di- 
vision of the county (when Rappahannock was formed) he was ap- 
pointed^by the Assembly, December 13, 1656, a Justice of Lancaster 
(of the quorum, and 2d in the commission), and lieutenant-colonel of 
militia. (Lancaster Records). There is recorded in Northumberland 
(the date is gone, but is about 1659), a deed from Lieutenant-Colonel 
Henry Fleet, conveying 300 acres of land to Christopher Garlington. 
Sarah, wife of Col. Fleet, joins in the deed. In 1650 he had a grant of 
1,750 acres at Fleet's Bay, and received, in all, grants for 13,197 acres. 
From a record in Lancaster, May S, 1661, it appears that Sarah Fleet 
was widow of Lt. -Colonel Henry Fleet. She married ^bsequently 
Col. John Walker, of Rappahannock county (and formerly of Glouces- 
ter), member of the Council, and had by this marriage (as appears from 
her will, recorded at Essex C. H.), several daughters, one of whom was 
named Sarah. (It appears that Mr. Hayden was mistaken in his state- 
ment in " Virginia Genealogies " that Edwin Conway married Sarah 
Fleet. Her name was Sarah Walker, and hence the name of Walker 
Conway). There is recorded in Lancaster, in 1715, and then acknowl- 
edged by Henry Fleet, a deed from the said Henry Fleet, who, at the 
time of making it, resided in Fairfield parish, Northumberland, convey- 
ing, in consideration of /"r.ooo, all his title to 2,000 acres of land in 
Cittenburne parish, which was granted to Col. Henry Fleet in 1657; 
afterwards, in i66r, granted to Walter Granger, who assigned it to Col. 
John Walker, and by Walker's will it was left to his (Walker's) daugh- 
ter, Sarah, and had since been surveyed and divided by said Conway in 
right of his wife, Sarah. There are also several deeds at Essex C. H., 
which speak of Sarah, wife of Edwin Conway, as one of the daughters 
and co-heiresses of Col. John Walker. 

Col. Henry^ and Sarah Fleet had issue : 5. Henry^. 

5. Henry' Fleet (born ; died 1728), was a justice of Lancaster 

1695. and sheriff 1718 and 1719. There are recorded in Lancaster the 
following deeds: (i) Henry Fleet, of Northumberland county, gent., to 
John Turbervile, of the same county, merchant, for 1S8 acres at Fleet's 
Bay, Lancaster, Nov. 29, 16S9. (2) Henry Fleet, of Lancaster, to his 
son Henry Fleet, Jr., of same, 500 acres, part of the land called Fleet's 
Island, Feb. nth, 1718. (3) Henry Fleet to his son William Fleet, 300 
acre.s, part of Fleet's Island, Feb. 11, 1718. Following is his will: 

" In the name of God, amen ! I, Henry Fleet, of the county of Lan- 
caster, being of sound memory, do make this my last will and testa- 
ment in the manner following, viz : I bequeath my soul to God, my crea- 
tor, and my body to the earth, its original, being fully assured the 
sacrifice of Christ is a worthy expiator for all the sins of the faithful, 
and therefore hope that my soul and body will have a joyful meeting at 
the resurrection of the just by the merits, mediation, and intercession 
of my complete Redeemer, the Lord Jesus Christ. 



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74 ABSTRACTS OF VIRGINIA LAND PATENTS. 73 

I give to my son, Henry Fleet, the plantation tliat Patrick Muilin now 
lives on and all the land thereunto belonging, from \Vm. Fleet's line 
down to the mouth of the old house creek. The said land and appurte- 
nances I give unto the said Henry Fleet and the heirs male of his body 
lawfully begotten and for want of such issue to my son, William Fleet. 
and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, and for want of such 
male issue to my grandson, Harry Currell and his heirs forever. Item: 
I give to my son, William Fleet, the plantation I now live on and ail the 
land adjoining thereunto as far as the narrows, including the island 
plantation and all the land thereunto belonging, which said plantations 
and the land and appurtenances in the whole tract not before given I 
give to my son, William, and the heirs male of his body lawfully be- 
gotten, and for want of such issue to my grandson, Maior Brent, and his 
heirs forever. Item: I give to my son, Henry Fleet, my best saddle 
and all the furniture thereto belonging. Ttem : I give to my son, Wil- 
liam Fleet, all my wearing apparel and also my sword and belt. Item : 
I give to my loving wife for life the plantation whereon I now live with 
as much land as she shall have occasion for, also the use and profits of 
three negroes called Jack, Bess and Sampson, and after her decease I 
give the said three negroes to my daughter, Elizabeth Currell, and her 
heirs. Item : I give to my daughter, Elizabeth Currell, and her heirs four 
negroes by name Saul, Lucy, Bess and boy called Jack Sneigrove, three 
whereof she has already received. Item : I give to my granddaughter, 
Ann Currell, and her heirs a negro girl called Winney and all her in- 
crease. Item : I give to my daughter, Judith Hobson and her heirs 
two negroes called Daniel and Pegg, now in her possession. Item : I give 
to my said daughter, Judith, for life the use of three negroes named 
Richard, Isaac and Hannah, and after her decease I give Hannah and 
her increase and Isaac to my granddaughter, Sarah Hobson, and her 
heirs and I give Richard to my granddaughter, Judith Hobson, and 
bar heirs. Item: I give to my granddaughter, Mary Cox, and her 
heirs two negroes called Newman and Nell, now in her possession. 
Item: I give to my third daughter, Mary, for life the use of three ne- 
groes, viz: a girl called Hannah and Sue and Anthony, and after her 
decease I give said three negroes and their future increase to Fleet 
Cox and his heirs. Item : I give to my granddaughter, Elizabeth How- 
son, and her heirs two negroes that her father received of me called 
Sary and Patty and their increase. Item : I give to my three grand- 
sons, John Fleet, Maior Brent and Harry Currell, each a mourning suit 
of twenty shilling price. Item : I give all the rest of my personal estate 
to be equally divided amongst my wife and three daughters, Elizabeth, 
Judith and Mary. Item: It is my will that my estate shall not be ap- 
praised, unless desired by my executrix. Item: I appoint my son, 
William Fleet, and my two daughters, Elizabeth Currell and Judith 
Hobson, my executors. 



87 .rtP'/lHTA^ dKAJ /.JAIOaiV 10 8TD/.MT8ll>. 



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74 A VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. "^0 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 31st 
day of January, 172S. 

[seal] Henry Fleet. 

Signed and sealed and published in the presence of 

Edwin Conway, 
Ann Conway, 
Edwin Conway, Jr." 

He married Elizabeth (the will of Jane Wildey, widow, dated .A.pril 
nth, 1701, and proved Northumberland, Dec. 19th, 1701, names her 
daughter Elizabeth Fleet, and her son \Vm. Wildey) and had issue: 

6. Henry^\ 7. IVilliam^ \ S. Elizabeth'' married Currell ; 9. Judith* 

married \Vm. Hobson, of Northumberland — marriage bond dated June 
28, 1723 {Lane. Records); 5. Margaret* (called .Mary in her father's 
will), married Presley Cox, of Cople parish, Westmoreland — marriage 

bond dated [Lane Records); 6. Ann* married Leonard Howson, 

of Wiccomico, Northumberland — marriage bond dated June loth, 1722 
{Lane. Records). 7. Dau. married Brent. 

6. Henry Fleet* was sheriff of Lancaster 1729 and 1730, and died 
unmarried in 1735- His will is as follows: _^ 

WILL OF henry fleet, JR., OF LANCASTER CO., VA., 1735- 

In the name of God Amen : ^ 

I Henry Fleet of the parish of Christ Church, in the County of 
Lancaster, Gentn. being sick in body, but of perfect sense and memory 
do make this my last will and testament in manner as followeth, that is 
to say first and principally I commend my soul to the Almightv God, 
and my body to a decent burial. Item, my will is that my just debts be 
fully paid and satistied. Item, I give and bequeath twenty pounds 
current money to the poor of Christ Church parish aforesaid, to belaid 
out or dist-ributed as the vestry of the said parish shall think conve- 
nient. Item, I lend to ray mother, Mrs. Elizth. Fleet, my negro boy 
cupid during her natural life, and after her decease I give the said 
negro to Saml Hinton. Item, I give and bequeath to the said Saml. 
Hinton my tract of land which I bought from Chas. Kelly, wiih its ap- 
purtenances as also my term yet to come in the lands adjoining the 
said tract, which I lately leased from the said Chas., to him the said 
Saml. and his male heirs lawfully begotten forever. Item. I give and 
bequeath to the aforesaid Saml. Hinton my two negro men Lewis and 
Phill, also my horse Pompey, my still, my great looking glass and desk, 
my silver hilted sword and belt, my trunk and all my clothes therein, 
also my plank and framing stuff and other necessaries I have provided 
for my building on the plantation where he lives. Item. I give and be- 
queath to Rebecca Banton my dwelling plantation with its appurte- 



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76 ABSTRACT^ OF VIRGINIA LAND PATENTS. 75 

nances to contain two hundred and fifty acres contiguous, during her 
natural life, and after her decease, I give the said plantation, land and 
appurtenances unto my nephew, George P'leet and the heirs of his body 
lawfully begotten forever. Item. I lend the use of my negroes here- 
after named, viz. Bristow, Terry, Sally, Libby, Jenny. Kate, Joe and 
Judy to the said Rebecca Banton during her natural life, and after her 
decease J give the said negioes and their increase to the aforesaid 
Saml. Hinton and his heirs male, and do then annex the said slaves to 
the lands before by me given to him in this my last will and testament. 
Item. My will is that my negro boy James serve the said Rebecca Baa 
ton till he attains the age of twenty-four years, and that she then obtain 
his freedom as the law requires. Item. I give and bequeath unto my 
nephew George Fleet, my negroes, Charles, Dick, Ruby, Sarah, Win- 
ney, Bess, \anny, Pegg and Daniel. Item I give unto my niece Mary 
Ann Cox my negro girl Letty, which I had out of my father's estate 
since his death. Item. I give to my nephew John Fleet my best saddle 
and horses furniture. Item. I give to my godson Richd. Edwards, fif- 
teen pound sterling to buy him a young negro. Item. I lend to Daniel 
Pugh my negro girl Hannah during his term he now has in the planta- 
tion, and afterwards I give the said negro girl to my nephew John Fleet. 
Item. I give unto my tenant Thos. Edwards, the plantation he lives on 
from the branch to the walnut tree, for twenty- one years next ensuing, 
he weaving for Rebecca Banton, eighty yards of Virginia Cloth per 
year. Item. I give unto the said Thos. Edwards one cow and calf and 
my cloth coat I now wear, also what tobacco he is now indebted to 
me. Item. I give to Wm. -Mugg my spaid mare. Item. I give to Re- 
becca Banton my mares Conny and Jewel, and my horse Ball, and my 
will is that she have the use of my still during her life without fee or 
reward. Item. My desire is to be buried by my father, and that the 
burying place be handsomely bricked in at the expense of my estate. 

Item. I give to my lovmg friend Thos. Edwirds, ten pounds current 
money to buy him a suit of mourning. Item. I give to Davy Pugh, my 
Durry Vest and Breeches. Item. I give to William Mugg, my Durry 
Coat. Item. I give to Saml. Hinton by black cloth suit of clothes. 
Item. I give to my trustee and executors hereafter named each a mourn- 
ing ring of twenty shillings price. Item. The half of all the rest and 
residue of my estate, I give to the aforesaid Saml. Hinton. Item. The 
other half of my said estate residue, I lend unto the said Rebecca Ban- 
ton during her natural life, and after her decease, I give the same to 
Saml. Hinton. Item. I desire my worthy friend, the Honorable John 
Carter Esq , to be trustee of this my last will and testament. 

Lastly. I do appoint my loving friend, Mr. Thos. Edwards and Saml. 
Hinton Exes, of this my last will and testament, hereby revoking all 
other wills by me made. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my 
hand and seal, this 26th day of November, Anna Domini, 1735. 

Henrv Fleet. [Seal ] 



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76 '* VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

7. William* Fleet, sheriff of Lancaster 1718 and 1719; married 
Sarah, daugliter of Robert Jones, of Kin^- and Queen. 

Issue : 10. Henry', b. Oct. loth, 1719, d.s.p. ; 11. Mary Ann^, b. May 

i2th, 1722, m. (i) Robt. Dudley and had no issue; (2) Tebbs, and 

had Robt., \Vm. and Henry; 12 JoJuv' ; 13. WilHam'; 13. EdwinS b. 
Aug. 22d, 1729, d. um. Apl. 17th, 177S; 14. George, b. June 15th, 1731. 

12. John' Fleet, b. Aug. 12th, 1724, m. Edwards, of Lancaster 

County. 

Issue: 15. Henry«; 16. Jobn«; 17. Pollys iS. Sally"; 19- Ann«; 20. 
Elizabeth"; 21. Polly"; 22. Judith". From one of these probably de- 
scended Col. Jno. Fleet, who lived in Lancaster in 1777. 

13. William Fleet", born October 19, 1726, was probably the first 
of the family who settled in King and Queen Co.; married u) Ann. 
daughter of Joseph Temple, of King W'illiam, she d. May 7lh, 1754; 
(2) Susanna, daughter of John Walker, of King and Queen. 

Issue: 23. Wi/liam'; 24. John^ of King and Queen, served through 
the Revolution as a lieutenant in the 2d Virginia regiment and Dab- 
ney's Legion ; 25. EdwMi' ; 26. Baylor^: 27. Mary Ann^ ; 28. Elizabeth^ 

23. Captain William^ Fleet, of King and Queen, born December 
18, 1757, died at " Goshen," King and Queen, April 11, 1S33 ; was a 
member of the Convention of 178S; .married Mrs. Sarah Browne Tom- 
lin, daughter ^ f Barrett Browne, of Esse.x, and his wife, Mary Hill. 

Issue: 29. Col. A!e.xander^ born at "Rural Felicity," King and 
Queen, April 26, 1798; was a Justice and member of the Legislature ; 
married (i) Mrs. Hoomes (2) Mrs. Maria A. Butler, and had several 
children ; 30. Benjamin'*— 'proha.hXy other children. 

30. Dr. Benjamin'^ Fleet, of King and Queen ; born January 25, 
1818, died March 8. 1865; married in 1842 .Maria Louisa Walker, of 
King and Queen. 

Issue : 31. Col. Ale.xander Frederick, born June 6, 1843; "'^'^v of the 
Missouri Military Academy, Me.xico, Mo.; married Belle Seddon, of 
"Snowden," Stafford county— and other children. 

The compiler is aware that this is an imperfect account of the 
descendants of Henry' Fleet, and hopes that those having data to sup- 
ply the deficiencies will send such material to the Magazine for future 
publication. 

(67) Mary Flint, ancient planter, now the wife of Thomas Flint, of 
Warwick River, gent, (as her first dividend), 100 acres in the Corpora- 
tion of Elizabeth City, commonly called the Foxhill [r], abutting west- 
erly on the creek parting the same from the land of Pomt Comfort Is- 
land. Granted March 14, 1628, by John Pott. 
note. 

[i] There is a place in Elizabeth City county still called Foxhill. 



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ABSTRACTS OF VIRGINIA LAND PATENTS. 77 

(68) Zachariah Cripps [i], of Warwick River, icx> acres on the north 
side of Warwick River, abutting southerly upon Saxon's Goa'.e [2], 
and northerly towards the lands of Gilbert Peppett, deceased, and west- 
erly upon a creek that parts the same from Colson's Island ; due for the 
transportation of Thomas Dryhurst and Matthew Lybing, who came in 
the Neptune in 1618. at the charges of Samual Matthews, Esq., who as- 
signed his right to Cripps- Granted by John Pott, March 5, 1628. 

NOTES. 

[ij Zachariah Cripps came to Virginia in 1621, was Burgess for War- 
wick River October, 1629, commissioner ^justice] of Warwick River 
1631 ; Burgess for Stanley Hundred 1632-3 and 1639 {Robi?isons Notes 
from Ceil I Ct. Records). He left 300 acres in Ware parish, Gloucester, 
for the support of the minister {Hening). 

[2] Saxon's Goale was a small island in James River, off Land's End, 
Warwick county, still called "The Goale." 



(69) Richard Atkins, of Mulberry Island, in Virginia, planter, 100 
acres at tlie head of Kethe's Creek [ij ; due, 50 acres for his own per- 
sonal adventure, who came in the Abigail in 1621, at the charges of 
Captain Wm. Pierce, who assigned his right to said Atkins, and 50 acres 
for said Atkins' wife, who came in the Tyger [2] in 1621, at her own 
charge. Granted August 7th, 1632, by Sir John Harvy. 

NOTES. 

[i] Keith's Creek, which doubtless derived its name from Rev. 
George Keith, a neghboring settler, has long been called Skiff's Creek. 
[2J " Her husband's to Aleppo gone, master o' the Tiger." 



(70) Clement Dilke, of Accomack, gent., a lease of 20 acres be- 
longing to the late Company, lying at Accomack, westerly upon the 
main creek, easterly upon the ground now in occupation of Thomas 
Powell, and southerly upon the ground now in the occupation o^^ Nich- 
olas Fiskins ; the said 20 acres being lately in the occupation of Cap- 
tain John Wilcocks [i]. Granted by Sir George Yeardley, February 
6, 1626. 

NOTE. 

[1] Captain John Wilcox, or Wilcocks, came to Virginia in 1620, was 
Burgess in 1623. The will (printed in the New Eng. Hist, and Gen. 
Register) of Captain John Wilcocks, late of Plymouth, now Accomac, 
intending to go in service against the Indians, is dated Elizabeth City, 
September 10, 1622, and proved in England the last of June, 162S, names 
his wife Temperence, his daughter in-law Grace Burgess, daughter of 
his wife, and his sisters Katherine and Susanna Wilcocks. It is proba- 
ble that he had sons, born after the date of the will, as there was a John 












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78 VIR(xINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

VVilcocks who was Burgess for Northampton 1657-S. His will, dated May 
7, 1662, proved in Northampton, May 25, 1662, gives his estate to his 
wife for life, with reversion to his unborn child. In case the child died 
he devised the estate to his wife's children, Edmund and Henry Yeard- 
ley. and mentions his brother, Henry Wilcocks, and the Yeardley chil- 
dren's uncle, John Custis. A John Wilcox was Burgess for Nansemond 
in 1655. 

(71) Lieutenant Thomas Flint, of Elizabeth City, a lease of 50 
acres of land lately belonging to the Company— said land commonly 
called the " Indian howse thickett "—being a neck of land lately in the 
tenure and occupation of Captain Whitacres [i] on Southampton River. 
Granted by Sir George Yeardley, February 23, 1626. 

NOTE. 

[i] This "Captain Whitacres" was, doubless, Captain Jabez Whita- 
ker, of the Council, and of the House of Burgesses, 1623. He is be- 
lieved to have been a brother of Rev. Alexander Whitaker, the early 
minister, as his father, Rev. Wm. Whitaker, D. D., had, by his second 
wife, a posthumous son named Jabez. Captain Whitaker married a 
daughter of Sir Johh Bourchier. (See la. Hist. Magazine, January, 
1894, p. 295 ) 

(72) DocTORis Christmas [i], of Elizabeth City, planter; 50 acres, 
part of the Strawberry Banks, extending westerly along the bank of 
the great river. Lease for 10 years at 50 lbs. tobacco a year. By Yeard- 
ley, Aug. 24th, 1627. 

NOTE. 

[i] Ann Elizabeth Christmas was living in Virginia in 1623 {Hotlen). 
The will of Doctoris Christmas, dated Dec 20, 1654, is recorded in York 
county. He leaves all his estate to his wife and his friend Peter Starkey. 



{73) Jonas Stockden [i], minister, 50 acres on the east side of 
Southampton River, within the limits of the Company's lands at Eliza- 
beth City ; separated by a creek from the land of Lieutenant Thomas 
Flint, called the " Indian House thickett." Lease for 10 years at 50 lbs. 
of tobacco yearly. By Yeardley, Sept. Sth, 1627. 

NOTE. 

[i] Rev. Jonas Stockden, born 1584 ; came to Virginia in 1620 [Hoi- 
ten). He was the author of a letter, several times printed, which de- 
nounces in emphatic language the carelessness of the Colonists in allow- 
ing Indians to come freely among them, and declares that nothing could 
be done to civilize or convert the latter until their head men were put 
to death. He appears to have been an early exponent of the idea that 
■'the only good Indian is a dead Indian." 



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ABSTRACTS OF VIRGINIA LAND PATENTS. 79 

The will of Wm. Stockton, parson of.Barkesuell, county of Warwick, 
was dated March 2d, 1593, and proved June 19th, 1594, by his relict 
Elizabeth. His legatees were his brothers Randolph and Ralph Stock- 
ton ; the children of his cousin John Stockton, parson of Alcester; the 
children of his cousin John Gervise, his son Jonas Stockton, eldest 
daughter Debora Stockton, wife Elizabeth, and daughters Judith and 
Abigail, cousins John Stockton, and Thomas Gervise and Thomas 
Benyon. of Barkesvvell, yeomen, and John Mossame, of the City of 
Coventry, clothworker, overseers. The James Stockton of the will was 
probably the patentee, as it is also probable was Jonas Stockton of the 
county of Warwick, gent, who matriculated at Rrasenose College, Ox- 
ford, Feb. 2ist, i6o5-'6, aged 17. 



{74) David Pole [i], of the Country of France, now inhabiting in 
Elizabeth City, vigneror, 60 acres at Buck Roe [2], in the precincts of 
Elizabeth City, lying eastward on a creek parting it from Point Comfort 
Island. Granted to the said Pole tor the use of Master John Bonall, of 
London, gentleman. Lease for 10 years at 60 lbs. tobacco yearly. By 
F. West, Dec. 17th, 1627. 

NOTES. 

[i] He was doubtless one of the vinedressers brought over in Sir 
Francis Wyatt's time {Henuig I, 115). 
[2] Still the name of an estate near Old Point. 



(75) John Arundel, gentleman, 12 acres (lease) at Buck Roe, ad- 
joining the lands of David Poole and James Bonall, Frenchmen. By 
F. West, Dec. 12th, 1627. 



(76) John Webb, mariner, 50 acres in the plantation of Accomack, 
adjoining the lands of Captain Clement Dilke and George .Medcalfe 
("ease for 10 years). By F. West, Dec. 12th, 1627. 



(77) James Bonall, vigneror (lease), 50 acres at Buck Roe, adjoining 
the land of William Hampton, &c. By F. West, Dec. 12th, 1627. 



(78) John Henry, planter, 150 acres at Buck Roe, adjoining the lands 
of Wm. Hampton and Wm. Fowler. By F. West, Dec. 12th, 1627. 



(79) William Ha.mpton [i], planter, 50 acres at Buck Roe (lease for 
ID years). By F. West, Dec. loth, 1627. 
note. 

[i] William Hampton, born 1584, came to Virginia 1620. His wife 
Joanna, born 1599, came to Virginia 1621 {Hotten). A Wm. Hampton 
was minister of James City parish in 1646. 



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80 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

(80) Richard Ball [i] (lease), 6 acres in Elizabeth City. By F. 
West, Dec 10th, 1627. 

NOTE. 

[i] Henry Ball was Burgess for Elizabeth City in 1646 (Hening). 



(81) Nicholas Hoskins [i], of Accomack, yeoman (lease), 20 acres. 
By Yeardley, Feb. ist, 1626. 

NOTE. 

[i] Nicholas Hoskins, born 1589, came to Virginia in 1616. His wife 
Temperance came in 1620. In 1624 they had a daughter Margaret, born 
in Virginia (Hot (en). 

(82) Robert Browne, of Accomack, planter (lease), 20 acres adjoin- 
ing the land belonging to the place of Secretary, at Accomack, By F. 
West, Sept. 20th, 1628. 



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THE FLOURNOV FAMILY. 81 

GENEALOGY. 



THE FLOURXOY FAMILY. 
Compiled by Flournoy Rivers, Esq., Pul.\ski, Tenn. 

In the April number of the Magazine appeared some inquiries con- 
cerning the F"iournoy family, made by Mr. Flournoy Rivers, of Pulaski, 
Tenn., together with a statement that Mr. Rivers desired the co-opera- 
tion of the various branches of the family in tracing all the lines of the 
connexion back to at least the first settlement of the name in .\merica. 

During the current year Mr. Rivers has devoted much time, labor and 
expense to this matter, and has produced some interesting results, the 
first installment of which is given in this issue. 

While he has been materially aided by some members of the family, 
both in Virginia and elsewhere, it is to be regretted that the co-opera- 
tion has not been more universal, in order that the results might be 
more full, accurate and satisfactory. Now that the matter has been 
placed in so tangible a shape, it is not doubted that all persons con- 
cerned will contribute to making the research complete, from an his- 
torical standpoint down to the present time. — The Editor 

L.vuRENT Flournoy; The Hugue.not. 

Some years ago the compiler made some inquiries of the distinguished 
writer on Huguenot history, the late Charles \V. Baird, concerning the 
accuracy of the Huguenot traditions that have from time immemorial 
obtained in the branches of the Flournoy family, and the answer v^-as 
that the historian felt sure every Flournoy in America was descended 
from Laurent Flournoy, who fled from Champagne to Geneva, Switzer- 
land, after the Duke of Guise massacred the Protestants at Vassy in 
1562, but that of the gradations of descent he was not informed. 

Of Laurent Flournoy and his sons, Jean and Gideon, " Agnew's 
French Protestant E.xiles," Vol. H, page 270, speaks as follows : 

"The family of Flournois, or Flourneys, were early sufferers for their 
scriptural faith. After the massacre at Vassy, in \^(i2, Laurent Flour- 
nois took refuge in Geneva, and two families were founded by his sons 
Gideon and Jeati — descendants of the offsprings of both sons are be- 
lieved to still e.xist in America. The second son of Gideon was Jacques, 
and the latter had four sons, of whom Pierre, settled in England. It is 
probable that the parents of the refugee had again settled in the land 
of their fathers. In the stream of French refugees from the dragon- 
nades Peter Flourneys came to England, and he was naturalized 2Sth 
June, 1682. He evidently proved himself to be an able and accomplished 
man, and had obtained the approbation and esteem of the Earl of Sim- 
derland, who, perhaps, employed him as tutor to his sons. This led to 



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82 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

his appointment by King George I as tutor to his lordship's nephew. In 
the Patent Rolls, under date of 17th March. 1715 His Majesty declares, 
' We are graciously pleased to allow for and towards the maintenance 
of the late Countess of Clancaity's children and for their education in 
the Protestant religion, the annuity or yearly sum of £1,000, and the 
same shall be paid to the hands of our trusty and well-beloved Peter 
Flournoys, Esq., as from last Christmas during pleasure.' 

"3d of September, 1715, the office of Taster of all wines and other 
liquors imported into Ireland, and of Surveyor of the duties and defects 
of the same, was granted to Peter Flournoys and Charles de la Farge, 
Esqrs. At a later date he (Flournoy) received the office of Clerk of 
the Robes and Wardrobes to his Majesty. He die J in 1719- I" his will 
he remembers his pupils, Lord Muskery and his brother, .Mr. Justin 
McCarty. He leaves books and pictures to his 'dear friend' Lord 
Spencer (eldest son of the Earl of Sunderland). He mentions his 
brothers Andrew Flournoy, with two sons and one daughter, and his 
unmarried brother James and a sister Elizabeth, wife of Monsieur Yil- 
lier, with two sons (Gaspard and John James) and three daughters." 

It will be seen the name is spelled "Flournoy" and ' Flournois." 

"The History of the French Protestant Refugees, from the Revoca- 
tion of the Edict of Nantes to the Present Time, 1S24 (Blackwood & 
Sons), by Charles Weiss, Professor of History at the Lycee Buonaparte ; 
Hardman's Translation," page 482, mentions Jacques Flournoy as as- 
sisting the refugees who poured into Geneva after the Revocation in 
the autumn of 1685, together with his manuscript account of the emi- 
gration. 

"These entered Switzerland in too great numbers permanently. to 
abide there. In a few weeks they thronged in. not only from Gex and 
La Bresse, but from Dauphine and Lanquedoc, then successively from 
all the provinces of France. Writers of that day inform us that already 
in 16S5 hundreds arrived there daily. Under date of that year we read 
in Jacques Flournoy's manuscript collection that 'a great number of 
these poor people continue daily to arrive, and several thousands iiave 
already passed in. Amongst others many French ministers ; and al- 
though they stop but a few days, more than fifty have been seen there 
at one time. The French purse is exhausted. On the 9th November, 
two hundred and twenty eight, entirely from Gex, received assistance. 
Up to the 15th November a thousand from that same country had been 
thus aided.' " 

.... .;=. J^ 4f * -S- * 

" It was especially in 16S7 that the flood of emigration rolled towards 
the city of Calvin. We may judge of its magnitude by this passage 
from Flournoy, dated 25th May, of that year : ' Every day there arrive 
a surprising number of French, quitting the kingdom for their religion 
It has been observed that scarcely any week passes without three hun 



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THE KLOUKNOV FAMILY. 83 

dred of them arriving, and that has gone on since the end of winter. 
Some days there come in as many as one hundred and twenty in several 
troops. Most of them are young artisans ; there are also persons of 
quality.' " ^ * * * -^ •* * * 

The statement is that the refugees passed through '' to the various 
cantons, or to Holland, Brandenberg and England." 

Evidently this Jacques Flournoy was the one born in 1657, father of 
Jean Jacques, th2 Immigrant, and brother of Jacob the Immigrant, as 
appears below. 

Inquiry made at Geneva, through the Consular office of the United 
States, developed that the name still exists there in the persons of the 
gentlemen mentioned below. The Consul, Hon. B. H. Ridgley, was 
exceedingly courteous and obliging. 

Mr. Edmond Flournoy's Letter. 

Before any reply was received to inquiries made of him came a letter 
from Mr. Edmond Flournoy, written in French, which is rendered into 
English, as follows : 

Geneva, 
12, quai des Eau.x-Vives, 
April 2ist, 1S94. 
Mr. Flournoy Rivers, Pulaski, Tennessee: 

Sir, — I have sent you, at the request of the Consul of the United 
States, an extract from our Genealogy. This genealogy, in manuscript, 
was begun in 1732 by a Flournoy of Geneva, and has been continued. 
There are at Geneva now three gentlemen bearing this name : Mr. The- 
dore Flournoy. who is my brother, myself, and Mr. Charles Flournois, 
who descends from another son of Laurent. I know that there is in 
Chicago a Flournoy street. I also know that in (855 a Mr. Flournoy 
desired to be Governor of Virginia, but that he was not elected.* 

I am glad to know that you now bear the name. Even as in the last 
century, the Flournoys of Geneva corresponded with those of Virginia; 
we hope that you will send us information concerning yourself and 
your ancestors. Please receive, sir, my very distinguished salutations. 

E. Flournoy. 

The genealogy transmitted through the Consul's office is as follows, 
giving the English translation : 

" The Genealogy of the Flournoy Family in A.merica." 
" Laurent Flournoy left Champagne on the occasion of the massacre 
at Vassy in 1562. He went to Geneva at the time of massacre of Saint 
Bartholomew in 1572. He married Gabrielle Mellin, of Lyons. He 
was the father of: 



*The late Thomas Stanhope Flournoy. who was defeated by Henry A. Wise. 



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84 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. ^.e^ 

"Jean Flournoy, born in 1574; married Frances Mussard. Fatherof: 
"Jacques, born in 160b;; married Judith Pucrary. Father of: 
"Jacques, born in 1657; married Juha Eyraud. Father of: 
"Jean Jacques John James), born November 17th, 16S6 ; married in 
Virginia, June 23d, 1720, to Elizabeth, daughter of James Williams; 
born in Eng^land. in the Principality of Wales— Lawyer— and of Eliza- 
beth Buckner, his wife, of Virginia; born December 25th, 1695; mar- 
ried formerly to Drlando Jones, without children."* 

"Their children (John James and Elizabeth) are : 

(i) "Elizabeth Julia, born Dec'r 5. 1721 ; married Thomas Spencer, 
of Virginia. 

(2) "Gideon, born in Virginia Mch. 19th, 1723; married in Geneva in 
I74<S, Jane Frances Sabowrin. 

(3) "Samuel, born Oct. 4th, 1724; married April 9th, 1748. Elizabeth 
Harris. 

[Then follow Samuel's children. Omitted for the present. — F. R.] 

(4) "John, born in \'irginia Dec'r 9th, 1726; married in Geneva, Sept. 
2d, 1755, Camilla Ballexserd. 

{5) "David, born Sept. 3d, 1728; died Oct. iSth, 1757, without having 
been married. He was Captain and Judge in Virginia. 
[First sheriff of Prince Edward county — F. R ] 

(6) " Rachel, born Sept. 25th 1730; died Aug. 2Sth, 1741. Every one 
called her ' Beautiful Rachel,' and it was said she was the most beauti- 
ful girl in the country. 

(7) " Mathew. born June 21st, 1732. 

[Lived in Prince Edward county. Early emigrated to N. E. Kentucky ; 
was killed by Indians, and left a very numerous progeny. His name is 
spelled Mathew.s- by his descendants. — F. R.] 

(8) Mary, born Feb'y 23d, 1735 ; married William Booker. 
[Lived in Prince Edward county.— F. R ] ' * 

(9) "One daughter, born November 25, 1736, after seven months; 
died at the end of six weeks, without baptism — the fault of the minister.' ' 

(10) "Thomas, born Nov. 20th, 173S." [Ancestor of the Prince 
Edward and Brunswick County Flournoys— F. R.] 

"These ten children were all nourished by their mother, who during 
eighteen years did not discontinue to bear children or to nourish them." 

* Flournoy vs. Martin. 

At a court held at Goochland Court House the third Tuesday in July, iSth, 1732, in an 
'action of debt between John James Flournoy and Elizabeth, his wife, e.x'.f, &c., of 
Orlando Jones, dec'd, pl't'fs, and Francis Martin, deft.'' Judgment was confessed by 
the defendant for 'seven hundred and thirty pounds of sweet-scented tobacco in cash 
convenient, and eighty-eight pounds of tobacco, and fifteen shiliings, curr't money. 
Whereupon it is considered by the court that the pl't's do recover against the dePt the 
said sums, together with the Costs of this Suit and a Lawyer's tfee. "— F . R. 



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gC , : THE FLOURNOY FAMILY. 85 



John James Flocrnov, The Immigrant. 

" Jean Jacques Flournoy, their father, died March 23d, 1740, of a ma- 
lignant fever, which prevailed in the country." 

" His wife died one or two days later, and they were buried at the 
same time, according to her desire e.xpressed after the death of her 
husband. She wishing that his interment might be postponed as she 
had a premonition that she would soon follow him, although she was 
at the time entirely well." 

" This was written to me Nov. 7th, 1740, by William Gay, one of the 
Executors of my brother's will." 

[The Flournoy in Geneva, who began the Genealogy in 1732, was 
evidently a brother of John James.— F. R.] 

Search has been made for the will books of Henrico county, covering 
the year of Jean Jacques Flournoy's death, but neither the original 
will nor the probated copy of it could be found. The will book, from 
1737 to 1745 are lost. 

The following entry, however, appears from the Order Book of that 
period, page 102, April Court, 1740. 

" William Gay and John Nash present the last will and testament of 
John James Flournoy, deceased, upon oath, and prove the same by the 
oath of John Price and John Hancock, two of the witnesses thereto> 
which was ordered to be recorded, and certificate is granted the said 
Executors for obtaining a probate thereon in due form." 

At the May Court, 1740, the will of " Mary ffloronoy dec'd," was pro- 
bated by William Gay and Jas. Nash, Executors. See page 107, same 
book. 

"Henrico County Court, July 7, 1740, an Inventory of the Estate of 
John James Floronoy and Mary Floronoy, deceased, is presented by 
John Nash and William Gay and ordered to be recorded." Page 113, 
same book. 

Jacob Flournoy, The Im.migrant. . ^^ 

From the Geneva Genealogy : 

"Jacques Flournoy, as above, born in 1608, who married Judith Pu- 
crary, was the father of: 

"Jacob Flournoy. born Jan. 5th, 1663, and who married three times. 
He went to Virginia in 1700, and established himself near Williamsburg- 
Here is an extract from his letter to my father, written from his planta- 
tion at Manakin Town, May i6th, 1704: 

" It will soon be four years since he arrived with his family, which 
then consisted of his second wife and his two sons, Francis and Jacques 
(James), besides one daughter, named Jane Frances, born in Berlin. 

She was, perhaps, the wife of Ashurst . That his daughter, Mary, 

whom he brought from Geneva, died in London a month or six weeks 



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86 \IRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. «- ' 

before they embarked for Virginia. His young daughter by his second 
wife died during tlie voyage, which took them fourteen weeks to make. 
He with his family was sent to the end of all the English Plantations 
to claim the land which the King had granted, being 50 acres of land 
'a head.' 

" His second wife died there, and he remained a widower with his 
three children for two years and four months. He married the third 
time Thursday, Dec gin, 1703. a Hollander, born at The Hague, like 
himself about forty years of age, named Madeline Prodhom, the widow 
of Moise Yerreuii, a French merchant at Rouen. 

"The father of said wife was of the Canton of Berne, and her grand- 
father was a minister of Lausanne. He had made the voyage with her 
from England to Virginia." 

"Jacob Flournoy had, according to the letters of John James Flour- 
noy, of Virginia, of August 17th, 1737, and of August 3d, 1739, to his 
brother, Gideon Flournoy, at Geneva, by his wife: 

(i) ''Francis Flournoy and one daughter ; J.icques, who di^d in Vir- 
ginia unmarried, and who was the godson of his uncle, Jacques Flour- 
noy. 

[Evidently the Jacques of 1657, father of J. J., and godfather by 
proxy — F. R.J 

"The aforesaid daughter married Robert Ashurst, and left him Jacob 
Ashurst. She died about 1717. 

" Francis Flournoy, aforesaid, married (?), and left the follow- 
ing nine (9) children : .Mary, Jane, Jacob, Francis, James, Sarah, Martha> 
Gideon, and William." 

The will of Francis Flournoy, of date April T3th, 1770, appears of 
record in Will Book No. 2, p. 262, Chesterfield C. H., and mentions all 
the foregoing children, with the addition of his son Josiah, and several 
grandsons, children of these sons. The probate was March 5th. 1773. 

[Do the Chesterfield Flournoys descend from Francis ? — F. R.] 

It is shown that Jacob, the immigrant of 1700, was the uncle of Jean 
Jacques Flournoy, who came over a few years later. The exact date 
of the arrival of John James Flournoy is not known. Mr. R. A. Brock, 
of Richmond, Va., owns a book having in it his signature as made at 
Geneva in 1717. He must have come to America between 1717 and 
1720, when he married. 

It is needless to refer to any of the well-known facts of Huguenot 
history. The immense emigration that took place after the Revocation 
of the Edict of Xantes, in the autumn of 1685, is a matter of history. 

One colony was settled in Virginia — then Henrico — now Powhatan 
county, at Man.ikin town, near where Huguenot post-office now stand'^ 

Says ''The Huguenot Emigration," page 9, " two hundred or more 
settled at a spot some twenty miles above Richmond on the south side 



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[.^ .'i — S ■ onsDftsh f-.'^ornuoi'-l bhi'h'jJfe^ruJ ■jri) oQ] 



Bb VIJ THE FLOURNOY FAMILY 



87 



of James River (now in Powhatan countyi, where ten thousand acres 
of land, which had been occupied by the extinct Manakin Tribe of 
Indians, were given them." 

They were constituted into King Wilham Parish. 

Of this settlement the late Judge William Pope Dabney wrote in 
" The Magazine of American History " for January, 18S2. page 31 : 

" A large body of land extending along the south bank of the river. 
one mile from it in depth, and twenty-hve miles in length, up the 
stream, including all the islands in the river opposite them, was granted 
to them by letters-patent. The southern line was chopped upon the 
trees, and, for a hundred years after, was known as the French line. 
The eastern boundary was Bernard's Creek, and the western was Salle's 
Creek, whose names now recall the foreign birth of the new settlers, 
as does the name of Sabot Island, whose shape resembles the wooden 
shoe of the French peasantry." 

This grant was divided into farms -■' all running down to the river in 
narrow strips " — we are told. 

Here Jacob Flournoy first setttled. 

"The Huguenot Emigration to Virginia; Virginia Historical Society 
Collections. Vol. V, New Series," includes among the "List of all ye 
passengers from London to James River in Vi. ginia, being French Ref- 
ugees, Imbarqued in ye Ship Peter and Anthony. Galley of London, 
Daniel Perreau, commander." "Jacob Fleurnoir, sa femme, 2 garcons 
and 2 fiUes; " page 15. 

This compilation contains the state papers referring to the Hugue- 
not settlement at Manakin, and the care of the refugees. 

There are various references in it to Jacob, to Francis, to John James 
Flournoy. 

References to the will, deed and order books of Henrico, Chester- 
field, Prince Edward, Goochland, Powhatan, Cumberland counties, 
etc., etc.. confirm the data here given in ever-- respect. 

From time to time, necessary extracts and data from them and from 
other sources will be published as this inquiry proceeds. 

It should be remembered that Henrico was one of the original coun- 
ties of the Colony; that Chesterfield was formed from it in 1748; Gooch- 
land in 1727; that Cumberland was taken from Goochland in 174S, and 
Powhatan from Cumberland in 1777, and Prince Edward from Amelia 
in 1753; Amelia from Prince George. 1734, and Prince George from 
Charles City in 1702, this being one of the original counties established 
in 1634. 

The Geneva Flournoys. 

The concluding extract of Mr. Edmond Flournoy's notes from the 
genealogy of 1732, gives the descent of himself and his brother, as 
follows : 






•i'".i 'r 'jf'.J OJ n^/oJ-i sinfifW" If" "— ?<"•• 









88 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. B^ 

"Jean Jacques Flournoy, above mentioned, born in 1686, was the 
father of Gideon, above named, who was born in Virginia March 19th, 
1723 ; married in Geneva, Jane Frances Sabourin." Father of: 

Gideon, born in 1755; married lane Frances Delisle. Father of: 

John Francis Gideon, born 1784; married Pernetta Elizabeth Covelle- 
Father of : 

Alexander Anthony, born 1S18; married Caroline Claparede. Father 
of: 

(i) Theodore, born August 15. 1854, Professor of Physiological Psy- 
chology in the University of Geneva; mariied in 1S80, Helene-Marie 
Bernice, nee Curstat, of Lausanne. They have five children. 

(2) "Edmond, born January 2d. 1S63, geologist." 

Mr. Charles Flournois descends from the other son of Laurent. 

It cannot be stated at this writing when Gideon Flournoy returned to 
Geneva. 

There is of record at Cumberland C H., in the County Court Clerk's 
office, a power of attorney, executed August 15th, 1753, by Gideon 
Flournoy, described as '' Merchant in Virginia and Burgher of this city 
of Geneva," empower'ng Thomas Turpin, David Flournoy and Mathew 
Flournoy (these described as the grantor's brothers) to sell to his 
brother, Samuel Flournoy, 300 acres of land on Jones' creek, together 
with certain negroes, all in his brother Samuel's possession. 

The instrun-.ent recites that it was "translated out of French." It 
was executed at Geneva before "Mare E'tienne Masseron, Notary,'' 
and is witnessed by "Jacques Antoine MoUet, citizen, and Andre Bos- 
quet, Burgher." 

The character of Mr. " Mare Stephen Masseron " as " Notary Pub- 
lick " is certified to under the seal of the "City and Repubiick of 
Geneva," end the translation is made at London, September 4th. 1753. 
by Abraham .Ogier, Notary Public, and his public character is certified 
under the "seal of the office of the Mayoralty." 

The instrument carefully safeguards that " If Samuel Flournoy should 
not pay the price and money for which the said sale shall be made, im- 
mediately on its being made over to him," they are to demand "suffi- 
cient mortgages ■' for both principal and interest of the debt, and the 
debt is to be a first mortgage on the land sold— the vendor's lien ! 

On September 22, 1755, Gideon Flournoy seems to have made a deed 
to his brother Samuel conveying in person this same land, which is also 
of record at Cumberland. 

Jones Creek is now in Powhatan county, emptying just above the old 
Manakin settlement, and Just below Jude's Ferry, into James River — 
some fifteen or'twenty miles above Richmond. 

Land Registry Books. 
The books of the Virginia Land Office show that on March 29th, 



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'J' > THE FLOURNOY FAMILY, i,' -. 89 

1705. Jacob Flournoy began to enter land. Book No. 10, page 2S5, 133 
acres, Henrico county. 

The first entry made by John James Flournoy was [an. 2d, 1723, 400 
acres; Book No. 10, page 305, Henrico county. 

Likewise Francis Flournoy, Gent., made his first entry Jan. 2d, 1723; 
400 acres, Henrico county, Book No. 10, p. 307. 

Many entries follow, made by John James or Francis, the last entry 
being by John James Flournoy and Daniel Stoner, 200 acres, Goochland 
county. Book No. 18, p. 38, July 20th, 173S 

■"'■''''' Samuel Flournoy's Descendants. 

Samuel Flournoy was the third child of Jean Jacques, as appears from 
the genealogy. He was born Oct. 4th, 1724; married Elizabeth Har- 
ris, April 9th, 174S. 

The marriage bond together with the consent of her fiither, John 
Harris, appear of record in Goochland Courty Court clerk's office. 
The first is of date of April 2d, 174S, and the second of April ist, 174S. 

According to the Geneva MSS., their children were : " Ursula, born 
1749; Gideon, born Feb'y 20th, 1752; John, born April 29th, 1754; 

Mary, : Samuel, born Dec. 9th, 1758, so named according to the 

wishes of his (J. T.'s) wife, who thought she would bear no more 
children." 

However, she evidently was in error, as her husband's will records 
several others, viz: David (born Ap'l 14th, 1761 ; died in Kentucky, 
June 30th, 1831), Jordan, Thomas, Silas; also another daughter, Eliza- 
beth Julia, who married Britton. Ursula married James Harris, of 
Chesterfield county, her mother's kinsman. 

His will is of record at Powhatan C. H. Book r. p. 66; probated 
Dec'r 2ist, 1780 

The will of his widow, Elizabeth, made May 15th, 17S9, was probated 
by the oaths of William Sublett and Joseph Sallt, two of the subscrib- 
ing witnesses, at court held at Scottsville, Powhatan county, May 19th, 
1791. Her sons, David and Jordan, were her executors. 

Her two youngest sons, Thomas and Silas, were her residuary lega- 
tees. This will is now of record at Powhatan C. H. 

By wav of identification, the compiler will state, without detail, the 
gradations of his descent. 

Silas Flournoy, born June 4th, 1774. married Martha Cannon, daugh- 
ter of, William Cannon; sold his place, " Farmington," on Jones' 
Creek, near Jude's Ferry, to his brother Jordan, and emigrated to the 
(then) new State of Tennessee in 1S07; settled on Cumberland River, 
in Davidson county, above Nashville; removed to Giles county in 1S17. 
and died at his home, " Locust Hill," near Pulaski, Tenn, where he is 
buried, on May iSth, 1822. 



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90 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

He left a large family, among others William Cannon Flournoy ; 
bormSoo ; called to the Bat 1822; married Martha Camp 182S; died 
at his home in Pulaski 1S3S. Father of ( one son) and : 

Julia Flournoy, born Feb'y iglh, 1S3S ; married William Rivers, Deer. 
28, 1857; died at their home near Pulaski. Jan. 22d. 1882. Mother of: 

(i) Flournoy Rivers, born Oct. 15th. 1S5S, called to the Bar, 1SS2 ; mar- 
ried, Oct. 15th, 1891, Lidie Avirett of Birmingham, A'a., daughter of 
John Alfred Avirett, dec'd, late Captain 52d Alabama Infantry, C. S. A. 
Parents ot : 

John Avirett Rivers, born March 22d, 1894, possibly the youngest de- 
scendant Lawrent has in America. 

(2) John Harper Rivers, born i860; died 1S64. 

(3) Tyree Rodes Rivers, born May loth, 1S62. First Lieutenant, 
Troop " E," 3rd U. S Cavalry. 

(4) William Cannon Rivers, born Jan. i ith, 1S66. Second Lieutenant, 
Troop " D," ist L'. S. Cavalry. 

(5) Julian Rivers, born Dec. 23d, 1S68, Chief Clerk to the Treasurer of 
Tennessee. 

(6) Myra Rivers, born June 19th, 1871. 

In the further progress of this inquiry the compiler will endeavor to 
publish abstracts of the records herein referred to, as well as of many 
others, and will also devote special attention to the accuracy of the de- 
tails of the later descents, to the religious and political affiliations of 
the Flournoy family ; to some account of whatever of civil or military 
service any of them may have rendered, especially in either the Revo- 
lutionary War or in the late Civil War. He hopes to be cordially aided. 
He has asked Mr. Edmond Flournoy to join with him in the labor so 
far as it relates to the European branch of the family, but owing to the 
distance has as yet had no reply to his request. 

In the next issue the descendants of the other sons of Jean Jacques 
and of the descendants of Jacob will be traced more fully. The mem- 
bers of this family seem to have yielded a very liberal obedience to the 
command given Noah and his sons to " be fruitful and multiply and re- 
plenish the earth." 

They are now found in all sections of the Federal Union— e.xcept, 
possibly, the Northeast— in the Southeast, South, Southwest, West, 
Middle West, far Southwest, and far Northwest, to the shores of the 
Pacific Ocean; all tracing back by Huguenot traditions, more or less 
distinct, to the Valley of the James River, a prolific, and, generally 
speaking, a short-lived race. 



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V;j ' NOTES AND QUERIES. IN £ 91 

Historical Notes and Queries. 



List of Counties and Cities. 

The following list of the counties of Virginia, ^vith the dates of their 
creation and the names of the counties from which they were created, 
when not among the original shires, was preppred by Mr. R. S. Thomas, 
of Smithfield, Va. Mr Thomas' interesting and valuable contribution 
on the ''Old Brick Church at Smithfield," which was published in Vol. 
XI of the Collections of the Virginia Historical Society (New Series), 
a paper which was read at the annual meeting held December 21-22. 
1891. will be recaifed by many of our readers: 

Accomack in 1672 from Northampton.- _ 

Albemarle in 1744, from Goochland. 

Alleghany in 1S22, from Bath, Monroe and Botetourt. 

Amelia in 1734, from Prince George. 

Amherst in 1761, from Albemarle. . . ,, 

Augusta in i7.rS, from Orange. " "' ' ' 

Bath in 1790, from Augusta, Botetourt and Greenbrier 

Bedford in 1753. from Lunenburg. 

Berkeley in 1772, from Frederick. 

Botetourt in 1769, from Augusta. 

Brooke in 1796, from Ohio. 

Brunswick in 1720, from Surry and Isle of Wight. 

Buckingham in 1761, from Albemarle. 

Bra.xton in 1836, from Lewis, Kanawha and Nicholas. 

Cabell in 1S09, from Kanawha. 

Campbell in 1781, from Bedford 

Caroline in 1727, from Esse.x. King and Queen and King William. 

Charles City in 1764, from Lunenburg. 

Chesterfield in 1748, from Henrico. 

Culpeper in 1748, from Orange. 

Clarke in 1836, from Frederick. 

Carroll in 1S42, from Grayson. 

Dinwiddie in 1752, from Prince George. 

Elizabeth City in 1634, original Shire. 

Essex in 1692, from Rappahonnock (old). 

Fairfax in 1742, from Prince William. 

Fauquier in 1759. from Prince William. 

Fayette in 1831, from Logan, Greenbrier, Nicholas and Kanawha. 

Floyd in 1831, from Montgomery. 

Fluvanna in 1777, from Albemarle. 

Franklin in 1785, from Bedford and Henry. 



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92 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 03 

Frederick in 173S, from Orange. 

Giles in 1.S06, from Montgomery, Tazewell and .Monroe. 

Gloucester in 1652, from . 

Goochland in 1727, from Henrico. . .-• '\. . ., ,.^,-,.: 

Grayson in 1792, from W'ythe. 

Greenbrier in 1777, from. Botetourt and Montgomery. 

Greensville in 17S0, from Brunswick. 

Greene in 1S3S, from Orange. 

Halifa.x in I7'i2, tVom Lunenburg. 

Hampshire in 1753, from .-Vugusta and Frederick. 

Hanover in 1720, from New Kent. ;,. 

Hardy in 17S5. from Hampshire. 

Harrison in 17S4, from .Monongalia. ■ .\:.-,r. ',,;.;•,. 

Henrico in 1634, original Shire. 

Henry in 1776, from Pittsylvania. 

Isle of Wight in 1657, from Shire (Warrasquoycke). 

Jackson in 1S31, from .Mason, Kanawha and Wood. 

James City in 1634, original Shire. 

Jefferson in iSoi, from Berkeley. 

Kanawha in 17SS, from Greenbrier and .Montgomery-. 

King George in 1720, from Richmond. 

King William in 1701, from King & Queen. 

King & Queen in 1691, from New Kent. 

Lancaster in 1652, from 

Lee in 1792, from Russell. 
Lewis in 1816, from Harrison. 

Logan in 1824, from Giles, Cabell, Tazewell, and Kanawha. 
Loudoun in 1757, from Fairfa.x. . 

Louisa in 1742, from Hanover. 
Lunenburg in 1746, from Brunswick. 
Madison in 1792, from Culpeper. 

Mason in 1S04, from Kanawha. ^ 

Mathews in 1790, from Gloucester. 
Mecklenburg in 1764, from Lunenburg. 
Middlesex in 1675, f:om Lancaster. 
Monongalia in 1676, from West Augusta. 
Monroe in 1798, from Greenbrier and Botetourt. 

Montgomery in 1776, from Fincastle, divided into Kentucky, Wash- 
ington, and Montgomery. 

Morgan in 1820, from Berkeley and Hampshire. 
Marshall in 1S35, from Ohio. 
Marion in 1S42, from .Monongalia and Harrison. 
Mercer in 1S37, from Giles and Tazewell. 
Nansemond in 1645, from Upper Norfolk. 
Nelson in 1S07, from Amherst. 






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NOTES AND QUERIES. -'' •' 93 

New Kent in 1654, from York. 

Nicholas in 1S18, from Kanawha, Greenbrier, and Randolph. 

Norfolk County in 1691, from Lower Norfolk. 

Northampton in 1645. from the original Shire of Accawmacke. 

Northumberland in 164S. from Chicawane. 

Nottoway in 17SS, from Amelia. 

Ohio in 1776, from West Augusta. ''' '• ' ■'■ '■•''■' 

Orange in 1734, from Spotsylvania. 

Page in 1831, from Shenandoah and Rockingham. 

Patrick in 1790, from Henry. 

Pendleton in 17S7, from Augusta, Hardy and Rockingham. ; i- -A 

Pittsylvania in 1766, from Halifax. 

Pocahontas in 1S21, from Bath, Pendleton, and Randolph. 

Powhatan in 1777, from Cumberland. . :\,i 

Preston in iSiS, from Monongalia. ' . * 

Princess Anne in 1691, from Lower Norfolk. 

Prince Edward in 1753, from Amelia. '••^ 

Prince George in 1702, from Charles City. ''^ 

Prince William in 1730, from Stafford and King George. - ' '• 

Pulaski in 1839, from Montgomery and Wythe. • • ^■''■'''-••« 

Randolph in 1786, from Harrison. 

Richmond in 1692, from Rappahannock. 

Rockbridge in 1777, from Augusta and Botetourt. ' ' -" y-i<T.Ki<K\ 

Rockingham in 1779, from Augusta. 

Russell in 1786, from Washington. ., T,':..-tfr..A : ; : ' 

Rappahannock in 1833, from Culpeper. 

Roanoke in 1838, from Botetourt. - ■ • 

Scott in 1S14, from Lee, Russell, and Washington. 

Shenandoah in 1772, changed from Dunmore. 

Southampton in 1748, from Isle of Wight. 

Spotsylvania in 1720, from Esse.x. y, 

Stafford in 1675, from Westmoreland. 

Surry in 1S52 (1652), from . 

Susse.K in 1753, from Susse.x. 

Smyth in 1632, from Washington and Wythe. 

Tazewell in 1799, from Russell and Washington. 

Tyler in 1814, from Ohio. 

Warwick in 1634, original Shire. 

Washington in 1796, from Fincastle. 

Westmoreland in 1683. 

Wood in 1798, from Harrison. 

Wythe in 17S9, from Montgomery. 

York in 1634, original Shire. 

Richmond City 1742, incorporated in 17S2. 



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94 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Fredericksburg, incorporated in 1727. 

Petersburg, incorporated in . 

Lynchburg, incorporated in 17S5. -. 

Norfolk Borough, in 1736. 

Staunton, incorporated in 1761. 

Winchester, incorporated in 1752. 

Warren in 1S36, from Shenandoah and Frederick. 

Wayne in 1S42, from Cabel!. 

Williamsburg in 1669, directed to be built. 



Thanks in General Orders to the Richmond Volunteers, 
War of 1S12. 

Washington, April 24, 1S94. 
Editor of Virginia Magazine of History, &c. 

Sir.. — I found to-day in one of General Wilkinson's Orderly Books 
belonging to the files of the Adjutant Inspector General's office the 
enclosed General Order about the Virginia troops in the War of 181 2. 
I consider it a very remarkable document, and it is certainly without a 
parallel in the military orders of this or any other country. 
Respectfully, 

A. C. Quisenberry. 

Headquarters, Malone, 29th December, 1S13. 
General Orders. 

Captain Booker and the Richmond Volunteers have leave to return 
to the capital of Virginia, from whence they marched in August last to 
assert the cause of their country in the North. Major General Wilkin- 
son wishes he possessed power to do justice to the merits of this Patri- 
otic band, and to reward them for their services and sufferings; but 
this belongs to their country, which best understands how to estimate 
their worth, and to remunerate them for their sacrifices. W;t.h the 
General it only remains to thank them, which he does with all his heart, 
for the readiness with which they have performed every duty required 
of them, and the patience and fortitude they have manifested under 
the hardships and privations incident to a soldier's life whilst in cam- 
paign. He hopes the names of this body of free citizens who volun- 
tarily abandoned their houses, their homes, their friends and their 
families, to offer their lives to the service of their country, may never 
be forgotten; and to give to his wishes the fullest effect of this frail 
record, he submits the following roll to the army and the country, com- 
prehending the names of those who composed this company, which he 
flatters will never be thought of but with respect : 



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NOTES AND QUERIES. 



95 



Captain Ricliard Booker, 
ist. Lieut. J. W. Ellis. 
2d. Lieut. Benj'n Hazlegrove, 
Ensign Robt. Kennedy. 
Sergeant Geo. Nicoison. 

Chris. Branch. 

Wm. B. Page. 
" Sani'l Shepherd. 
Corporal John Estill. 

Reuben Turner. 

Chas. Jones. 

Wm. Giles. 



Pru'ATEs: 



Peter Alley, 
Andrew Adkins, 
Wm. F. Burton, 
John Eullard, 
P. B. Bell, 
Geo. Brichard, 
R. T. Booker. 
Geo. Compton, 
P. P. Courtney, 
Richard Crouch, 
Robt. Conner, 
W. H. Curtin. 
John Conner, 
J. P. Carter, 
Jas. Cooke, 
^. Dearing, 
Rich'd Elam, 
J. T. Fleming, 
Robt. French, 



John Golden, 

H. Gentry, 

Jas. Ganes (Gaines (?)). 

Wm. Hodge, 

Thos. Herbert. 

John Hanes (Haines (?)), 

Wm. Herbert, 

W. Hines, 

J. Hipkins, 

L. Hipkins, . -, ,j, , 

B. Johnson, ;■,;;■ ,, . 
Wm. Jarvis, ,. , • > ; 
Thos. King, ^;. ■: , , 
L. Minor, ..it r-- 

J. Moody, 
P. Moore, 

C. G. Maginnis, 

P. Nickson (Nixon (?)). 

G. Norwood, 

A. Perry, 

Wm. H. Perry, 

J. Perry, 

Wm. N. Perry, 

J. C. Page, '■■''■'■ 

J. Pickett, 

R. Roper, ' "";/ 

D. Reat, '' ' ' 
J. A. Russell, 

John Ross. 
Grif. Truly, 
Seaton Taylor, 
George Webb, 
F. Kuhn, 
Haws. 



Captain Booker, in making the ne.xt muster will strike off the officers 
and men at the time most convenient to them within the period of their 
engagement ; and in making up his abstracts for pay he will allow the 
usual milage to those actually discharged at this place ; all others to 
continue enrolled until discharged at Richmond, whence they marched. 



J. Wilkinson. 

The following general order, which Mr. Quisenberry also sends, will 
will be read with hardly less interest : 



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96 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



War Dep't, Adj't & Insp. Genl's Records. Vol. 495. 

Headquarters, Norfolk, May S, 1813. 
General Orders. 

The Major-General has found among the troops comprising the 
requisitions from Virginia, sundry individuals (from the highest regi- 
mental grade to the private in the ranks) whose duty as Representatives 
requires their presence in Richmond at the meeting of the Legislature 

on the inst. Honorable as are the duties of the civil appomtment, 

scruples are entertained of asking furloughs to fulfil them. To remove 
such, the General permits the Representatives, of whatever grade in 
the Army, to retire for the purpose of meeting their civil duties when 
they may think proper; and to return at their pleasure. 
By order of Major-General Hampton. 

Jas. Bankhead. 

AssL Adft General. 



A Virginian Challenge in the Seventeejcth Century. 

The Editor, while examining the records of Lancaster county a few 
weeks since, found in the volume covering the period from 1652 to 1657 
the following challenge to fight a duel, with the proceedings of the 
court with reference to it : 

" Whereas Richard Denham sun-in-law to Captt. Thomas Hackett did 
deliver a chalenge sent from his s'd fatiier-inlaw to Mr. Daniel ffox 
duringe ye sitinge of ye court and beinge by the court questioned if he 
knew what it was y't he had brought, replyed y't he knew it to be a 
clialenge sent from his father to Mr. ffo.x and therefore desired Mr. 
ffjx to returne his answere to his father what he intended to doo in it. 
Whereupon Major Carter, reprovinge him and telling him y't he was 
very peremptorye and saying y't hee knew not how his father would 
acquit himself of an action of y't nature, w'h he s'd he would not be ye 
owner of for a wo'id, the said Denham slightingly replied y't his father 
would answer it well enough and for a great deale less than a 100^, 
whereupon ve court conceivinge ye said Denham to be a partye w'th 
his father-in-law in ve s'd crime by bringing and acknowledging it to be 
a chalenge for deliveringe it to a member of ye court duringe ye court's 
sitinge, and by his slytinge and lesseninge ye affense together w'th 
his peremtory answers to ye court, have adjudged ye s'd Denham to 
receave six stripes on his bare shoulder with a whip. The challenge 
ordered to be recorded." 

The challenge was as follows : 

" Mr. Fox I wonder ye should so much degenerate from a gentleman 
as to cast such an aspersion on me in open court making nothinge 



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NOTES AND QUERIES. 97 

appeare but I know it to be out of malice and an evill disposition which 
remains in yo. hart, therefore I desire ye if ye have anything of a gen- 
tleman or of manhood in ye to meet me on Tewsday morning at ye 
marked tree in ye valey which parts y'r land and mine about eight of 
ye clock when I shall expect yo'r cominge to give me satisfaction, my 
weapon is Rapier ye length I send ye by this bearer, not * ^- ^ at 
present but yo'rs at ye time appointed, 

"Thomas Hackiett. 
"Y'r second bringe along w'th ye if y'r please, and I shall finde me 
of ye like." 

The court thus ordered as to Hackett : 

" Whereas Captt. Thomas Hackett hath contrary to ye known laws of 
England and peace of this country, sent a peremptory challenge to Mr. 
David ffox to this court, w'h was delivered him by Richard Denham, 
sun-in-law to ye s'd Hackett during ye sittinge of ye Court, the Court 
therefore for p'vention of those evills and inconveniencies that might 
ensue on an aeon of that nature have ordered y't ye Sheriff of this coun- 
tye shall forthw'th seize and aprehend ye bodie of ye s'd Hackett and 
may raise such power as maybe sufficient for effectinge thereof and 
after such seizure and aprehension, him to detain in safe custodie 
w'thout baiie or mainprize the ffo.x havinge desired ye same conceav- 
inge himself not safe if he should goe under baiie) untill ye next Quarter 
Court when and where he is to answer ye s'd crime before the gov't 
and Counsell on ye 4th day of ye s'd court, whither ye sheriff is to see 
him safely conveyed." 

Orders & Deeds, Lancaster, 1652-1657, pp. 64, 65. •. ,r ; :. ,.t' ; - 



Free Schools in Virginia in the Seventeenth Century. 

The following will (16S01, copied by the Editor from the Lancaster 
Records, will be read with interest as showing the spirit of the people 
of Virginia in that age towards schools. The condition upon which 
this free school was to be established probably never arose: 

"In the name of God, amen, I Frances Pritchard the wife of Robert 
Pritchard of the County of Lancaster Boatwright bemg sick and weake 
in body but of sound minde and memory (praised be God) doe make 
and declare my last will and testam't, as followeth, (vizt) I recommende 
my soule into the hands of the Almighty who gave it mee, and my body 
I comit to the earth, trusting it will p'take of that glorious resurrection 
purchased by the merritts of my Saviour Jesus Christ; and for that estate 
in land which is properly at my dispose, I devize the same as here in 
after is expressed : whereas by a certain pattent there is granted unto 
mee a certaine tract of land scituate in the saide county of Lancast'r 

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98 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

the which I did convey by a certaine deed (under my hand and seale) 
unto William Travers and John Stone of the county of Rapp'c gentl. 
upon trust and considerate that they should stand seized of the saide 
land to the use and behoofe of such p'sons to whome I should Limit 
the same by my last Will and Testament. And thereupon I doe here- 
by Limit and devize the same as followeth, that is to say, Impris one 
hundred Acres of the said Land, bee the same more or less, that lyeth 
and adjoyneth unto and touching along the Lyne of Joseph Ball, I give 
and devize unto my sone-in-Law George Smith and Ann his wife and 
to the successors of them, and after their decease to the heires male of 
their bodies lawfully to bee begotten and for want of such yssue unto 
Robetta ffinch their daughter, and the heires of her body lawfully to 
bee begotten and for want of such yssue then to my grandchildren 
Franciscus ffrissell, Mary ffrissell, Margaret ffrissell and Elizabeth ffinch 
equelly between them, and the heirs of their bodies and the survivors 
of them lawfully to be begotten, and in case of failure therein I devize 
the saide Land for and towards the maintenance of a ffree Schoole in 
the County of Lancaster aforesaid. Item one other p'cell of the saide 
Lande called or comonly knovvne by the name of Monoddy Neck or 
Harvey's Neck and alsoe one other neck of the saide land adjoyneing- 
thereunto unto the said Franciscus ffrissell and the heirs of his body 
lawfully to be begotten and for want of such yssue unto and among my 
saide grande children, Mary and Margaret ffrissell, Robetta and Eliza- 
beth Smith and the heires of their severall Bodies, to bee equally di- 
vided, and for want of such yssue the use of a free schoole as aforesaid. 
Item, the dwelling house now in the holding of the said George Smith 
and one hundred Acres Land part whereon the same standeth and next 
adjoyuing thereunto and all other houses thereupon buiU, I give and 
devize unto the said Mary ffrissell and the heires of her body lawfully 
to bee begotten and for want of such yssue then to and among my saide 
Grand Children and the heires of their bodies equally to be divided 
and for want of such yssue the use of such free school as afores'd. 
Item, one hundred Acres of Land now in the occupacion of Oswald 
Whalley with the housing thereupon, I give and devize unto the saide 
Margaret ffrissell and the heires of her body lawfully to bee begotten 
and for want of such yssue then to and among my saide grandchildren 
and the heires of their bodies equally to bee divided ; and for want of 
such yssue for the use of a free school as aforesaid. Item : One hun- 
dred Acres of land lying and adjoining to the Roade on which, if God 
p'mits, I intend to build and settle a plantation. I give and devize unto 
the said Elizabeth Smith and the heirs of her body lawfully to bee be- 
gotten, and for want of such yssue, to and among my saide grandchil- 
dren and the heires of their bodyes equally to bee divided, and for 
want of such yssue to the use of a free .school as aforesaid. And in case 
there shall bee and remaine any part and p'cell of the saide land men- 



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NOTES AND QUERIES. 99 

cioned in the saide pattent which is not before hereby devized, I give 
and devize the same to and among all my saide grandchildren and the 
heires of their several bodies, to be equally divided, and for want of 
such yssue, to the use of a free schoole aforesaid. 

IViiis Lancaster Co., i674-'S9, pp. 67, 68, 69. October, 1679 ; probated 
1680. 



The House of Burgesses, 1639. 

As will be seen by reference to / Heiiing, 224, there is no printed 
list of the members of the House of Burgesses, 1639. The following 
list is from a copy made by the late Conway Robinson from the original 
(now destroyed) in the oftice of the General Court. This original seems 
to have been partiallv obliterated and addition of names, which seemed 
probable, have been made in brackets. The persons named were mem- 
bers at other sessions about the same time. 

At a Grand Assembly, summoned the si.xth of January, 1639: 

Present: Sir Francis Wyatt, Knight, Governor, &c.; Sir John Flarvey, 
Knt. ; Capt. Sam'l Mathews, Capt. Wm. Peirce, Mr. Rich'd Kemp, 
Secret'r; Mr. Roger Wingate, Treas'r : Mr. Argall Yeardley, Mr. George 
Menefie, Capt. Thos. Willoughby, Capt. Henry Brown, Mr. Ambrose 
Harmer, Mr. Rich'd Bennett, Members of the Council. 

The names ot t'le Burgesses for the several plantations returned by 
the Sheritfs being as followeth (viz ) : 

//^wrzVo— Capt. Thos. Harris, Mr. Christopher Branch, Mr. Edward 
Tonshall. 

Charles O'/j'— Capt. Francis Eppes, Capt, Thos. Pavvlett, Mr. Edward 
Hill, Mr. Joseph Johnson. 

Jatnes City . 

For Chicahominy Parish or the Upper Chippokes and Smith's Fork — 

For the Lower Chippokes, Hogg- Island, Laiun Creek — Mr. . 

For Martin's Hundred to Kethe's Creek — Mr. Thos. [Kingston, or 
Fawcett]. 

For Farloes' Neck to Waroues' Ponds — Mr. Richard. *^''"* ' 

For Johnson' s Neck, Archard's Hope, and the Neck ofLand—}Ar. Da- 
vid [Mansfield, or Mansell]. 

Warwick River — Capt. Thomas [Flint], Mr. Thomas [Harwood], 
Mr. Thomas [Ceely], Mr. Zachary Crip. 

Charles River — Mr. William , Mr. Hugh Gwyn, Mr. Peregrine 

Bland. 

Upper Norfolk— \\\x . Randall Crew, Mr. John Gookin, Mr. Tristram 
Norsworthy. 

Lower Norfolk— Qa.p\. John Sibsey, Mr. John Hill, 

Isle of IVight— Capt. John Upton. Mr. Anthony Jones, Mr. John 
Moone, Mr. James Tuke. 









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100 VIRGINIA HISTORIC \L MAGAZINE. 

Elizabeth O/v— Mr. Thomas Oldis, Mr. Sirafferton 
Ackowmacke—ViX. Obedience Robins, Mr. John Xeale. 



Huguenots in Stafford, 1702.— There is recorded in Stafford 
county a paper entitled " French Men's Petition," from Eliene Rienbau, 
Jean Borcheblau, jean Cosbelle, Lewis Direaubaun I?), Charles Perant, 
Marie Remmonde, Here Rousan, Isaac Lafite, Abraham Michau, Piere 
Batie, Guiliaime Blanc, Andoric Labornie, and Joan Colvert, stating 
they have come into Stafford as strangers, reduced to extremity and 
poverty, and praying to be e.\empted from county levies for what time 
the Court shall think fit. Dated March, 1700. 



An Early Gypsev. — Henrico county, Feb. ist, 1695: " Joane Scot 
is discharged from ye p'sentm'ts of the Grand Jury, It being the opin- 
ion of this Court that ye Act ag'st ffurnication does not touch her 'she) 
being an Egyptian & noe Xtian woman." 

This is the earliest known mention of Gypsies in Virginia records, 
and is also curious as furnishing an e.xception to their boasted chastity . 



'■■ Clerks of Middlese.x— Prepared by Mr. B. B. Chowning. 
Feb. 2, 1673. John Lindsey resigned on account of ill-health. 
Feb. 2, 1673. Joseph Chinn, continued to 1675. \ 

1675. James Blackmore, Jr., continued i year. 

1676. Christopher Robinson, continued to 1694— iS years. 
^ 1694. Edwin Thacker, continued to 1704—10 years. 

1 1704. Will. Stanard, continued to 1732—28 years. y. 

1732. Gray Skipwith, continued to 1740 — 8 years. 
\ 1740. Thomas Price, continued to 1762 — 22 years. 

;. 1762. Robert Elliott, continued to 1767 — 5 years. 

1767. D. Ker. continued to 1772—5 years. 
•: 1772. William Churchhill, continued 10 1799--27 years. 

1799. O. Cosby, continued to 1806—7 years. 

1806. Thos. Muse, continued to 1811— 5 years. 

iSii. Geo. Healy, continued to 1837—26 years 

1837. Richard N. Segar, died 1838— i year. 

1838. G. T. R. Healey, continued to 1841— 3 years. 
1S41. John Healey, continued to 1847—6 years. 
1847. Robert N. Trice, continued to 1S52— 5 years. 

1852. P.T.Woodward, continued to 1S92— 39years,6 mos., 2days. 
Jan. 3, 1892, to Jan. 28, 1892, no clerk. 

Jan, 28, 1892, B. B. Chowning appointed by Court, and elected clerk by 
the people, May 26, 1893. 



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102 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



rK '.■•>» "■-' '■,'■< Washington, D. C , April 14th, 1894. 

Editor of iht- Jlrgiiiia ^Magazine of Historv, &c. 

Sir : In the April number of the Virginia Magazine, Dr. A. G- 
Grinnan, referring to the roster of troops in the F"rench and Indian Wars, 
published in the January number, states that Lieutenant-Colonel 
George Muse, as printed therein, is a mistake for Lieutenant-Colonel 
George Morse, and gives his reason for so stating. 

I have again examined the rosters of these troops, now forming a part 
of the Washington papers on file in the State Department, and find the 
name Lieutenant-Colonel George Muse once, and (in prior rolls) Major 
George Muse twice, in Washington's own handwriting; and so plainly 
and unmistakably Muse as to preclude the possibility of mistaking it 
for Morse. Washington's well-known particularity would also pre- 
clude the possibility of his makmg such a mistake in writing the name 
of so prominent a man as the Major, and later, the Lieutenant-Colonel, 
of a regiment of which he was himself first the Lieutenant-Colonel, 
and afterwards the Colonel. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Muse lived in Caroline county, and he and Wash- 
ington had some land transactions in partnership, and a number of 
letters passed between them. In his letters Mr. Muse invariably signs 
his name Muse, and not Morse. 

Muse is a good old Virginia and Maryland name The military 
records of the Revolutionary War show the following: 

Muse, Richard {W a..), 2d Lieutenant, 15th Va. Regiment, 2d December, 
1776; ist Lieutenant, 20th March, 1777; regiment designated nth Vir- 
ginia, 14th September, 1778 ; resigned 14th May, 1779. 

Muse, Walker (Md.), ensign of Smallwood's .Maryland Regiment, 
14th January, 1776; 2d Lieutenant, May, 1776; taken prisoner at Long 
Island, 27th August, 1776; exchanged Sth December, 1776 ; ist Lieu- 
tenant, ist ^Maryland Regiment, loth December, 1776; Captain, loth 
June, 1777, and served as such to April, 1783. 

Very Respectfully, 

A. C. QUISENBERRV. 

[We are also in receipt of a communication from Mr. Worthington 
C. Ford, the distinguished editor of Washington's writings, ifi confir- 
mation of Mr. Quisenberry's statement. It is only proper to say that 
Dr. Grinnan wrote us a short time after the appearance of the April 
number admitting that he had been in error in thinking that Muse had 
been intended for Morse. — Ed ] 



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ICi ■.: NOTES AND QUERIES. ' 103 



FRONTIER FORTS IN BATH COUNTY. 

Withers, in his Border Warfare, makes a statement, which is copied 
by many writers on kindred topics, that when the settlements of the 
white man had reached the eastern slope of the Blue Ridge, all of that 
part of Virginia which lies between the Blue Ridge and the Alleghany 
Mountains was deserted by the Indians. Be that as it may, the country 
which held such battlefields as that near Millborough Springs, and 
which had furnished such sites for villages as that near Mountain Grove, 
on Back creek ; that at the McCiintic place, on Jackson's river; and 
that at Covington, was not left to the white man without vigorous pro- 
test from the former owners. The visitor to the Flat Rock, just oppo- 
site the Warm Springs, still has his attention turned to the prominent 
peak some miles to the east, where, tradition says, a young Indian 
maiden watched the terrible battle between two hostile tribes of In- 
dians, in which her lover was engaged; and the flood of 1S77 brought 
to light on the banks of the Cowpasture river, below Millborough 
Springs, many evidences of that battle. The memory of living man 
takes us back to the time when the trees from which the Indians stripped 
bark for their huts, near Mountain Grove, still stood scarred. Relics 
of the Indian town are still turned up by the plough on the McCiintic 
place; and Mr. Frank Lyman, the recent owner, has in his New York 
residence the many Indian relics excavated while digging the founda- 
tion for the Covington Iron Furnace. Vacated by the Indians, when 
the white man had reached the eastern base of the Blue Ridge, this 
country may have been : but visited by the savages it still was, and 
with a vengeance so swift and terrible that Governor Dinwiddle, in his 
home at old Williamsburg, wrote his vigorous letters in vain to the 
County Lieutenants, threatening to retake the lands in this section in 
the name of the Crown unless the settlers would stay at home and beat 
back the tide of Indian warfare. 

As early as 1700 we find the House of Burgesses adopting provisions 
for planting a colony in this region to serve as a barrier against Indian 
incursions. Special directions are made for the erection of a fort on 
every two hundred acres of land, to be armed by " able, warlike Chris- 
tian men, equipped each with a well-fixt musquette or fuzee, a good 
pistoll, sharp simeter, tomahauk, and five pounds of good clean pistol! 
powder and twenty pounds of sizable leaden bulletts or swan or goose 
shott." This etfort proved fruitless. It was probably as late as 1749 that 
the first settlement in this county was made. This was on the river, 
called by the Indians Wallawhatoola, but changed by the settlers to the 
less musical name of the Cowpasture. Of necessity several families 
came together, in order to afford mutual protection in case cf attack. 
Whether they came with a Bible in one hand and a rifle in the other we 
do not know ; but that Dickerson's Fort was soon thereafter built sev- 





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lOi VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. '/^f; 

eral miles from Millborough Springs, while a log church was erected 
near by, we do know; and we also know ihat in this church (now, in 
its new site, called Windy Cove Presbyterian Church) the people wor- 
shipped with gun in hand, while a sentinel paced before the church 
door. About this time a small fort was built at Green Valley, ten miles 
above this point, and still another at what was called F'ort Lewis, five 
miles above Green Valley, the remains of which are still visible. 

Burke, in his work on the Virginia Springs, states that the land upon 
which the Warm Springs stands was patented to the Lewis Family in 
1760. This date is certainly wrong. As early as 1740 we see, from 
recitals in deeds recorded at Warm Springs, that Andrew Lewis had 
laid claim to some lands along the Cowpasture river by virtue of 
grants from the members of the Board or Council. As we have said, 
settlements were made along the Cowpasture, only ten miles to the 
east of Warm Springs, as early as 1749. We have an authentic state- 
ment that people fled from the Warm Springs in 1755, after Braddock's 
defeat. It has even been asserted, but, as we think, without any au- 
thority, that there were guests at these Springs in 1755. Be that as it 
may, there were certainly people living there in 1755. We can well 
presume that the enterprising Lewis family did not wait until after that 
event to lay patents on what is the best land in this valley. 

But to return to the settlements along the Cowpasture : These settle- 
ments were not left undisturbed. Soon after Braddock's defeat, in 
1755. ^ party of Indians made a raid through this section and killed 
some persons at the Green Valley Fort. The bodies of the victims 
were buried a short distance west of where the present Green Valley 
house (now occupied by one of the descendants of Col. Chas. Lewis) 
stands, and the turnpike road leading from the Warm Springs to Har- 
risonburg passes immediately over their graves. The settlers fled to 
Eastern Augusta for better protection. Several years later they re- 
turned, thinking themselves secure. Again the Indians made a raid, 
and a family named Mayse were attacked at their home on the Cow- 
pasture river. The mother and son and a white woman, whose name 
I have been unable to learn, were carried off. A party of pursuers, 
headed by that Col. Chas. Lewis who rendered such eminent service in 
the French and Indian wars, ending in his noble death at Point Pleas- 
ant, followed the party in their flight, and overtook them near Marhn- 
ton, in what is now Pocahontas county. The boy was recaptured, but 
the women were not, but were carried on to the banks of the Scioto 
river, to pass through experiences scarcely surpassed by those which 
befell Mrs. Mary Ingles. Through two hundred miles of unbroken 
forests, over rocks and streams, these women were forced to walk. 
After being kept by the Indians for some months, and having gained 
their confidence, they took advantage of permission to gather berries, 
and started to make their way home. Avoiding the many dangers. 






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' ■ , NOTES AND QUERIES. 105 

and after a weary trip, in which they passed through Pennsylvania, 
these two women succeeded in reaching the Cowpasture river. Twenty 
years later, this same .Mrs. Mayse, upon learning that this son was 
wounded in the battle of Point Pleasant, journeyed alone through the 
forests to that point and brought him home. 

Such dangers as these could not deter such men as Lewis and Dick- 
enson. Having built their forts, and left there their families they pushed 
westward, spying out the land and laying patent rights to portions of 
the best land in this section and along the Kanawha river. We have 
already stated that the Lewis family must have patented the lands on 
which the Warm Springs is located, prior to 1755, and the records of a 
suit in Bath county show what tracts of land this Dickenson, afterwards 
Colonel John Dickenson, laid claim to in Bath, Greenbrier, and Kana- 
wha counties. 

A recent article in the Southern States ^L^gazine has called attention 
to the historical interest attaching to the Cowpasture river, "whose 
banks for miles and miles were the scenes of heroism. American hero- 
ism," whose annals would well bear comparison with those of the 
lower James. Interestmg and important as are the personal items 
which hang about the name of the Cowpasture and Jackson rivers, the 
writer must leave them for another time, and present in this article only 
those personal incidents which have heretofore remained unpublished. 
For the time w ould fail me to tell of Chas. Lewis, and of John Dicken- 
son, and of Charles Cameron, and of Jacob Warwick, and of Andrew 
Lockridge, of George Poage, and Joseph Gwinn, and many others, 
both officers and men, whose boyhood and manhood were but a con- 
stant struggle with an enemy who knew no truce, and whose tenderest 
mercies were blows from their tomahawks ; they repelled attacks upon 
their homes, led in the hot and dangerous pursuits after such foes, to 
rescue mothers, wives and children; pushed through the gaps of the 
iiearer mountains; forced back the line of savage warfare in the deci- 
sive battle at Point Pleasant ; employed their furloughs from the Revo- 
lutionary service of fighting the British on the sea coast, in defending 
their homes against the dusky ally of the British in the mountains. 
Young maidens assisted in the defence of the forts ; women were 
dra'gged from their homes to see their infants torn in pieces or dashed 
to death by a foe who knew no sex; forced to march hundreds of miles 
to a captivity which lasted for years; their daughters married to Indian 
chiefs; their children separated from them forever; their husbands 
murdered; and if perchance at last they did escape, waited for the 
return of loved ones till death should end their waiting. Are not all 
these things recorded ? 

The exact date when a fort was built on Jackson's river, five miles 
west of the Warm Springs, cannot be ascertained, but it was visited by 
General (then Colonel) George Washington in the year 1755, who came 



501 .i'.:iiA3\}(^ a/iA P..1IT0/: 






.-ihTwOO «rt-w 



106 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. >'•> 

from Fort Cumberland, through the mountains on a tour of inspection. 
This fort was called at different times Dinwiddie's Fort, Warwick's 
Fort, Hog's Fort, and Byrd's Fort, and it played a very considerable 
part in the F"rench and Indian wars. The editor of the Ditizviddie Let- 
ters, published by the Virginia Historical Society, in a note, says that 
Fort Edward was situated on the Warm Springs mountain. This is 
clearly a mistake. This fort is located by several writers as being on 
Capon river, between Winchester and Romney. That these writers are 
correct will be seen by examining the correspondence of Governor 
Dinwiddie and Col. George Washuigton in the month of April, 1756. 
But to return to Fort Dinwiddie. 

This fort was built in the early part of the administration of Governor 
Dinwiddie. It was located, and remnants of the old site may still be 
seen, on the Erwin place on Jackson's river, about one mile above 
where the Warm Springs and Huntersville turnpike crosses Jackson's 
river, and opposite the gap through which said turnpike road passes 
over Back Creek mountain. The records show that it was garrisoned 
during the open months of the year from 1755 to 17S9. Capt. Peter 
• Hog, the great friend of Governor Dinwiddie, was in command here 
in 1756. Afterwards Capt. Audley Paul commanded. Later Captains 
John Lewis, Robert McCreary, Thos. Hicklin, Andrew Lockridge. 
George Poage and others. It was nearly twenty miles west of Fort 
Dickenson, and only six miles from the eastern foot of the Alleghany 
mountains. The structure of all these forts seem to have been nearly the 
same— a stockade made of logs placed closely together endwise in the 
ground. Within the enclosure thus made, there was a blockhouse. In 
Fort Dinwiddie there was an underground passageway, covered with 
logs, from the blockhouse to a spring within the stockade, sutficiently 
high to allow a man to walk within and carry water without being fired 
upon by the Indians. This underground passageway was only recently 
filled up. 

Fort Dinwiddie was one of the chain of forts which Governor Din- 
widdie sought to have built as a protection to Virginia's frontiers, but 
which afterwards proved so annoying in his efforts towage war upon 
the Indians. Secured by such forts, the settlers preferred staying at 
home and protecting their families to waging an aggressive warfare. 
Governor Dinwiddie's heaviest criticisms fell on the shoulders of West 
Augusta's men for this and other reasons fully set out in his letters to 
Peter Hog. These forts were garrisoned only during the open months 
of the year. The account which the writer has recently found spread 
on the records of Pocahontas county court, of like character to those 
published in the April number of the Virginia Magazine of History, 
show the manner of services rendered by the soldiers placed in these 
forts. Two men. provisioned for three or four days, were sent out in 
each direction along the mountain. They were under strict orders not 



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ICr^ NOTES AND QUERIES. 107 

to build a fire in any event, and to return to the fort within the three or 
four days, unless they had reports to make earlier. They had to watch 
the gaps or low places in the mountain chains, and in some cases had to 
cover a distance of thirty miles. As soon as these parties returned 
other parties were sent in their places. 

In their battles with Indians they seldom fought from the forts, but 
leaving in these the women and weaker men, they fought their enemy 
in ways which they had learned from them and had proved by expe- 
rience; from behind logs and trees, lying in ambush when necessary. 
It is said that, by lying in ambush, Jacob Warwick's company captured 
fifteen of the party of Indians returning from one of the Kerr Creek 
massacres. To such men, inured from childhood to dangers, and 
taught by e.xperience and the instinct of self-preservation the best modes 
of warfare. Governor Dinwiddle's letters of instructions as to the best 
method of fighting their foes, written in his home at Williamsburg, 
must have sounded most stupid, tie who will take notice of the suc- 
cessful warfare, of the personal daring and the personal interest of 
such men, will be more disposed to bear patiently with their shortcom- 
ings, and their independence of the " rules of war " than was that nomi- 
nal leader of the Virginia forces. 

Frequent raids were made by the Indians through the section guarded 
by Fort Dinwiddi?. During one of these raids, in 1757, the families 
who usually sought protection there, were warned of the approaching 
danger. The Byrds delayed their flight, and the older members of that 
family were killed within sight of the fort— John Byrd, aged eight 
years, and his sister were captured. Eight years later John Byrd was 
recaptured. His sister was married to an Indian Chief and was never 
seen again. When John Byrd was recaptured he wore a gold chain 
suspended from his nobe and both ears. He twice tried to return to 
the Indians, who had promised to uiake him a chief but was prevented. 
He died in 1S36. This John Byrd was the grandfather of Hon. John T. 
Byrd, recently a member of the Legislature from this district. At some 
later date, but prior to 1777, a small fort, called Vance's Fort, was used 
at Back creek, at the point called Mountain Grove. This fort was six 
milds west of Fort Dinwiddie, and just at the foot of the slopes of the 
Alleghany Mountains. It was garrisoned for a few months during that 
year, but as to whether ever'so used again, the records are silent. 

These are all the frontier forts within what is now the limits of Bath 
county. As originally laid off (in 1790J it included a large part of what 
is now Alleghany, Pocahontas, and Highland counties. In the first of 
these, at Covington, there was Fort Young, which was built by Peter 
Hog in 1756, who was ordered by Col. George Washington to leave 
Lt. Bulletin command of Fort Dinwiddie and build a line of forts to 
the southward from that point, twenty or thirty miles apart, according 
to specification furnished by Col. Washington. Fort Young was to be 



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108 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

another of the line of forts so devoutly sought after by Governor Din- 
widdle. In Pocahontas county, there was one fort at Clover Lick, 
another at Greenbank, and still another in the Levels. These were all 
situated in Bath county in 1790. In Hig:hland county, within the origi- 
nal limits of Bath, there was Wilson's Stockade. In addition to these, 
there were such fortified houses as Carpenter's, near Covington, and 
Moses Mann's Stockade, on Jackson's river. 



IVartn Springs, Virginia^ April ^jd, iSg^. 



J. T. McAllister. 



; ' ;■ ; queries. ■• i' .- . - > .. 

.Mangum. — The following are extracts from the register of Albemarle 
Parish, Sussex county, Va., now in the possession of the Virginia His- 
torical Society : 

Arthur, son of \Vm. Mangum and Mary, his wife, born May 2d, 1743. 

Lucy, daughter of James .Mangum and Mary, his wife, born July 26th, 
1741. 

William, son of James Mangum and Mary, his wife, born January 4th, 
1746-7. 

Henry, son of Wm. Mangum and Mary, his wife, born January 24th, 
1773- 

Rebeckah, daughter of John Mangum and Lydia, his wife, born . 

William, son of Wm. Mangum and iMary, his wife, born May 16, 1736. 

James, son of James Mangum and Mary, his wife, born January 22d, 
1743-4. 

James, son of Wm. Mangum, born January 2d, 1734. ;: . ;. ,-, 



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yj:^ ■. . .,, BOOK REVIEWS. ./.••• . 109 



BOOK REVIEWS. 

. I , •■ ;•■ 

Strcggle of Protestant Dissenters for Religious Tolera- 
tion IN Virginia.— By Henry R. Mcllvvaine, Ph. D., Professor of 
English and History, Hampden Sidney College, Va. Johns Hop- 
kins Studies, Twelfth Series. Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, April, 
1894. Price, 50 cents. 

One of the most interesting and valuable contributions which has 
recently been made to the study of Virginia history is Prof. Mclhvaine's 
monograph ' Struggle of Protestant Dissenters for Religious Toleration 
in Virginia." He has gathered together a great mass of important 
information on the subject, and has set it forth in a very clear and 
attractive form. We propose to give a comparatively full summary of 
the contents of the monograph, as the best means of showing our high 
appreciation of the unusual merit of the work, and of enabling our 
readers to obtain the most accurate idea of its scope. 

Dr. Mcllvvaine declares in his introduction that the history of Pro- 
testant Dissenters in Virginia may be divided into three periods: 

" I. The first period extends from the early years of the settlement 
of the colony to the year 1649. This is the period of the establishment 
of the Church of England as the Church of Virginia; of the conflict 
that arose between the Church of England party and the Puritan party 
in Virginia, answering to the struggle between King Charles and his 
Parliament in England; and of the consequent withdrawal of many of 
the Puritans from Virginia into Maryland. The Church of England 
was for a time triumphant." 

The Puritans in Virginia and Maryland have been made the subject 
of special study by Dr. Daniel R. Randale. His monograph, " A 
Puritan Colony in .Maryland," is published in the Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity Studies in Historical and Political Science for 1SS6. 

" II. The second period, beginning with the year 1649. extends to the 
close of the French and Indian war. It embraces the rise of the 
Quakers, and later of the Presbyterians ; and the efforts made by the 
Dissenters looking toward their rights of toleration on the part of the 
government." 

" III. A*'ter the close of the French and Indian war came the strug- 
gle of the Separate Baptists, the Revolutionary War, and the final 
triumph of the Dissenters over the Established Church in the 'Act for 
the Establishment of Religious Freedom' of 17S6. This period may 
be called the Period of Struggle for Religious Freedom." 

Dr. Mclhvaine's monograph is confined to a treatment of the second 
of the three periods described — the Period of Struggle for Religious 
Toleration. It is divided into four chapters: I. "The Established 



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110 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Church of Virginia"; II. " The Quakers " ; III. "The Huguenots and 
the Germans"; IV. The Presbyterians." 

The object of the first chapter is to give an exact view of the Church 
in Virginia, to show clearly what was the real nature of the establish- 
ment with which Dissenters come into conflict; for though the Church 
of Virginia was in theory simply a part of the Church of England, it 
was, in fact, far different from that church. The enactments of the 
General Assembly of Colonial Virginia in reference to church affairs 
are to be found scattered throughout the earlier volumes of Hening's 
"Statutes at Large." But these do not tell the whole story. Laws 
might be passed, but then followed questions of interpretation and 
original jurisdiction that kept the Church in turmoil for years. And, 
in addition to laws passed by the General Assembly, there were instruc- 
tions from the King to the Royal Governors to be taken account of. and 
instructions from the Bishop of London to his commissary. All these 
added to the confusion. 

In a general way, Virginia, as well as the other colonies, was em- 
braced in the diocese of the Bishop of Lonaon. This dignitary, how- 
ever, did not have the power to induct into livings. The very patent 
which made him bishop of the colonies had left the right of in- 
duction with the governors. Thus the commissary who represented 
the Bishop of London in Virginia found himself shorn ot most of the 
power usually attaching to such an officer. Nor, on the other hand, 
would the people, who had been getting along for some time without a 
commissary— the office had not been created till 16S9— submit to his 
visitations. They were evidently afraid that visitations would lead to 
other forms of ecclesiastical interference. For these reasons the com- 
missaryship sank in a few years into comparative insignificance. 

According to the theory of the governors, they as representatives ot 
the King were patrons of all livings in the colony. This meant that 
they could present to the livings. Added to their conceded right of 
induction, this right of presentation would have enabled the governors 
to impose upon the people any ministers whatever. But just here an 
important difference of view developed itself. The people claimed that 
they themselves were the patrons of the livings, and that the rights of 
patronage v/ere to be exercised through their representatives, the ves- 
tries. This claim was distinctly an American one. In England one 
man might be the patron of a living, or two or three might be conjoint 
patrons, but the idea that the people of a whole parish might be its 
patrons was new. The law which the people claimed as recognizing 
the justice of their contention was passed as early as the year 1643, t'Ut 
it is probable that the full significance of the law was not at first appre- 
ciated. At least, it was not generally acted upon for i.iany years. It is 
of such importance in the ecclesiastical history of Virginia that ic is 
here given in full. It is as follows : 



.■-l/|\AOA}/ JAOl'-iOTeiH Al/AOSllV Oil 



BOOK RENIEWS. Ill 

"That for the preservation of purity and unity of doctrine and dis- 
cipline in the Church, and the right administration of the sacraments, 
no minister be admitted to officiate in this country but such as shall 
produce to the governor a testimonial that he hath received his ordina- 
tion from some bishop in England, and shall then subscribe to be con- 
formable to the orders and constitution of the Church of England, and 
the laws there established ; upon which the governor is hereby re- 
quested to induct the said minister into any parish that shall make pre- 
sentation of him; and if any other person, pretending himself a minis- 
ter, shall, contrary to this act, presume to teach publicly or privately, 
the governor and council are hereby desired and empowered to suspend 
and silence the person so offending ; and upon his obstinate persistence, 
to compel him to depart the country with the first convenience." 

This law was passed in order to silence the Puritan ministers who at 
that time were preaching in Nansemond county. But the clause, " upon 
which the governor is hereby requested to induct the said minister into 
any parish that shall make presentation of him," formed the legal basis 
of the popular claims as to the residence of power in the Church. 

In the conflict that arose between the governors and the vestries the 
latter came off victorious. The vestries were made up of the leading- 
men in the community, men who were at the same time members, 
probably, of the House of Burgesses. Upon their votes depended the 
supplies of the government, and upon their good will depended, to a 
large extent, even the stay of the governors in office. Therefore, they 
were not to be lightly offended. For this reason even Spotswood, a 
strong, resolute man, although he vehemently claimed all the rights set 
forth above, never dared to e.xercise them. The vestries remained 
masters of the situation, and in order to remain complete masters, they 
seldom presented ministers for induction but made arrangements with 
them year by year. 

It will be seen from the foregoing that in church government the 
Church of Virginia was not strictly Anglican. Nor was it strictly Ang- 
lican in church services. Upon this point there is the testimony of the 
Rev. Hugh Jones, who, in his " Present State of Virginia," published 
in 1724, makes the tbllowing observations: " In several respects the 
clergy are obliged to omit or alter some minute parts of the liturgy, 
and deviate from the strict discipline and ceremonies of the church, to 
avoid giving offense, through custom, or else to prevent absurdities and 
inconsistencies. Thus surplices, denied them for a long time in most 
churches, by bad example, carelessness and indulgence, are now begin- 
ning to be brought in fashion, not without difficulty; and in some par- 
ishes where the people have been used to receive the communion 
in their seats (a custom introduced for opportunity for such as are in- 
clined to Presbytery to receive the sacrament sitting), it is not an easy 
matter to bring them to the Lord's table decently upon their knees." 



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112 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

The reason for the existence of such irregularities becomes plain 
when an examination is made of the different elements that composed 
Virginia's population. In the first place, it should be remembered that 
before the year 1662, when the Act of Uniformity was passed by the 
"Cavalier" Parliament of Charles II, the struggle between the Puiitan 
party (taking Puritan in a broad sense; and the Episcopal party went 
on largely within the English Church itself. Thus many of tlie first 
settlers of Virginia, though nominally churchmen, may have been more 
or less tinctured with Puritanism. In the second place, the Virginia 
Company of London, composed, to a large extent, of broad-minded 
men like Sir Edwin Sandys and other leaders of the rising popular 
party in England, can hardly be believed to have required of appli- 
cants for patents a strict conformity to the Church at a time when 
heaven and earth were moving to find colonists. It is known, in fact, 
that many extreme Puritans (Independents) found their way into the 
colony. These settled for the most part in Xansemond county and ad- 
jacent counties in the southeastern section. In 1641, encouraged by 
the state of affairs in England, these Puritans sent to New England for 
ministers. The ministers who answered the call were met by the law 
of 1643, given above, but the congregations remained for some time 
longer in Virginia. In 1649, however, many members of the sect left 
Virginia for Maryland, where they had obtained substantial privileges. 
But many of them remained in their old homes. In addition to these 
elements, there were the Scotch, who were always numerous in Vir- 
ginia ; and from the earliest times there are traces of Germans, Poles, 
French and Dutch, while in the latter part of the Seventeenth century 
many Huguenots and Walloons came over to the colonv. 

Thus it is shown that the Church of Virginia, made up as it was of 
practically independent units in which there existed many irregularities 
of worship, was well calculated to exhibit different degrees of severity 
toward the Dissenters who came into contact with it. 

Chapter II. " Tne Quakers."— This chapter brings out the tact that 
though the laws passed against Quakers (who began to make their ap- 
pearance in the colony about the year 1656) were severe in the extreme, 
the number of cases of -\ctual persecution of members of this sect was 
surprisingly small. In a few years, indeed, the extreme provisions of 
the laws became dead letters, while it seems to have been only here 
and there throughout the colony that fines for absence from church 
were collected. The natural inclination toward severity of governors 
like Sir William Berkeley seems to have been restrained by their in- 
structions from the Crown, these instructions invariably enjoming a 
toleration that would attract to the colony persons of " different persua- 
sions in matters of religion." On the other hand, the people at large. 
as they became acquainted with the real tenets of the Quakers, gradu- 
ally lost the feeling of antagonism toward them which was at first very 



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BOOK REVIEWS. 113 

general. But it was in only one part of the colony that the Quakers 
became numerous. This was the southeastern section, the old strong- 
hold of the Puritans. It seems that when the Royalist party returned 
to power in Virginia, after the days of tlie Provisional Government, a 
large number of Puritans still continued to live in Nasemond county 
and the vicinity. They, we may well believe, were not by any means 
in an amicable frame of mind toward the Royalist government, and 
would not hesitate to obstruct its measures. Thus tne Quakers were 
befriended, and, indeed, many of the leading men of the section em- 
braced Quaker principles. 

It is shown further on in this chapter that the first Presbyterian con- 
gregation in Virginia was situated in this same southeastern section. 
Though this congregation was probably composed of emigrants from 
the North of Ireland, it is not unlikely that the character of the popula- 
tion of the northeastern section determined the location of the emigrants. 

In 1692 the Rev. Josiah Mackin, having fulfilled all the requirements 
of the English Toleration Act of 16S9, was formally given permission 
to preach to this congregation by the county court of Norfolk county. 
He is probably the first Dissenter who thus qualified himself to preach 
in Virginia. The Toleration Act itself was not regularly incorporated 
into the laws of Virginia till the year 1698, and the first Dissenting 
minister after this to obtain permission to preach was the Rev. Francis 
Makemie, who got his license in 1699 from the county court of Accomac. 

But the passage of the Toleration Act in England and the recognition 
of it on this side the Atlantic did not have an immediate and direct 
effect in increasing the number of Dissenters in Virginia. Their later 
increase was due rather to the policy of the authorities of Virginia in 
reference to strengthening the frontiers. It is in this connection that 
the Huguenot settlement at Manakin Town and that of the Germans at 
Germanna became important, and the bearing of these settlements 
upon the general question of toleration is given in Chapter III, of the 
monograph. It is shown by quotations from contemporary documents 
that the main reason for establishing the Huguenots at iManakin Town 
(above the falls of James river) and the Germans at Germanna (on the 
Rappahannock, above where Fredericksburg now stands) was in each 
case that the frontier might thus be furnished with a guard against the 
Indians. An examination of the church at Manakin Town reveals the 
fact that it was simply a part of the regular Established Church of Vir- 
ginia ; and the same statement may be made, but with somewhat less" 
confidence, in regard to the church at Germanna. Both the French and 
the Germans, however, became conformed to the establishment of Vir- 
ginia voluntarily. When the government of Virginia settled them upon 
the frontiers, they were Dissenters ; and in adopting this policy the 
government established precedents that were in time followed in the 
case of other Dissenters. 

8 . 



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114 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Chapter IV. " The Presbyterians " is much the longest chapter of 
the monograph. It opens with an account of the settlement of the 
Valley of Virginia, and of the frontier territory of the colony to the 
east of the Blue Ridge. This section was peopled mainly by Scotch- 
Irish and Germans from Pennsylvania. The government, seeing in 
them a substantial bulwark against the savages, welcomed them all. 
For the especially numerous Scotch-Irish Presbyterians, the Synod of 
Philadelphia took care in 1738 to obtain from Governor Gooch assur- 
ances of protection in their right of toleration. These promises were 
always well kept. The Presbyterians of the " back posts " of Virginia 
had no cause to complain of the governor. But very shortly matters 
became more complicated. The great revival movement that spread 
over America about the year 1740 had the effect of splitting the Pres- 
byterian Church into two divisions, and of carrying Presbyterianism 
into Hanover county and other counties, the inhabitants of which were 
originally Churchmen. Not only was Presbyterianism carried into 
these counties, but also harsh criticisms of the Establishment. Gov- 
ernor Gooch, himself a Scotchman, thoroughly understood the theories 
of church government and order which at that time prevailed in his 
native land. He recollected, also, his promises to the Presbyterians. 
But here were men come without license of any kind to deliver inflam- 
matory harangues in unlicensed houses. They were, then, in his eyes, 
itinerants and schismatics whom it was his duty to suppress. Before 
this time some of those who neglected the regular Church services for 
these revival meetings, had been fined according to law. But now the 
fight against Dissent began in earnest. At the April term of the Gen- 
eral Court, 1745, the governor delivered an earnest charge to the grand 
jury in reference to the matter. He was determined 10 carry out the 
law against the " New Lights " as they were called, a resolve in which 
he was strengthened by an address that he received from the old side 
Synod of Philadelphia, which was not blow in disclaiming responsibility 
for the conduct that had incensed the governor. But the tight was not 
by any means one-sided. The Presbyterians kept steadily increasing 
in numbers and influence, and of the several test cases that were tried 
in the General Court only two were won by the king's attorney. The 
reason for this small number of convictions seems to be that the petit 
juries and the people at large uniformly sympathized with the Dis- 
senters. In the two cases which went against the defendants the juries 
'were called upon to decide simply the most evident matters of fact — 
whether or not people met at certain times in certain houses. This 
having been determined, the court decided that the meetings were un- 
lawful, and fixed the penalty. The cases were not finally disposed of 
till April. 1748. After this there were no more prosecutions in the 
General Court. This court, made up of the governor and his council, 
now thought it best to prevent the further spread of Dissent by strictly 



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BOOK REVIEWS. 115 

limiting the number of places at which a minister should be allowed to 
preach. The court reasoned that damage done could not be cured, 
but that, by putting its own construction upon the Toleration Act as a 
law of Virginia, it could confine Dissent within the region to which it 
had already unhappily spread. In England, according to the letter of 
the Toleration Act, Dissenting ministers were licensed to preach by 
the county courts; and it will be recalled that Mackie Sc Makemie had 
been licensed by county courts in Virginia. But the General Court now 
claimed entire jurisdiction in such cases. Their reasoning seems to 
have been that in practice in Virginia ; the Toleration Act must be 
brought into agreement with laws of the colony already e.xisting. and 
that the law of 1643 made the governor of the colony judge of the qual- 
ifications of ministers. 

The Dissenters, on their part, claimed that the law should be e.xe- 
cuted in Virginia just as it was executed in England, where not only 
did the licensing of ministers lie with local courts, but any licensed 
minister was permitted to preach at any registered place of meeting 
whatever. The answer to this was that the latter practice had grown 
up in England under the Toleration Act as enlarged by the act of the 
loth of Queen Anne, which act had not been incorporated into the 
laws of Virginia. The Toleration Act itself gave Dissenting ministers 
permission to preach only in certain designated places. 

Both parties soon applied for advice to England; the Church party 
to the Bishop of London and the Lords Commissioners of Trade, and 
the Presbyterians to leading Dissenting Divines in that country. It is 
noticeable that the advice which came from the Lords Commissioners 
of Trade was entirely favorable to a large measure of toleration, the 
ground being that "a free e.xercise of religion is so valuable a branch 
of true liberty, and so essential to the enriching and improving of a 
trading nation." This sensible advice came in the latter part of 1750 
or early in 1751, but it did not have the eiTect of changing the policy of 
the General Court. About this time, however, the Church party evi- 
dently came to the conclusion that the Dissenters had the law on their 
side, if a reasonable construction were put upon it; for a bill whose 
object was to put '-due restraint " upon the Dissenters was, in 1752, 
introduced in the Assembly. The internal dissension of the Church 
party, however, growing out of a dispute between the vestry of the 
parish of Lunenburg, in Richmond county, and their minister, Mr. Kay, 
and out of the candicacy of the Rev. Messrs. Smith and Dawson for 
the position of commissary in 1752, did not allow this bill to pass. If 
it had passed in Virginia, it would probably have been overruled in 
England. 

In November, 1753. the Rev. Samuel Davies, the leader of the Pres- 
byterians in Virginia, went to England in the interests of the College 
of New Jersey. While there he agreed with leading Dissenters upon a 






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116 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

plan wliich would eventually bring the cause of the Virginia Presbyte- 
rians before the King in Council. Fortunately, however, it did not 
become necessary to put this plan into e.xecution. On Mr. Davies' 
return to Virginia in 1755, he found the condition of affairs aKogether 
changed. The French and Indian War had begun in 1754, and in the 
common fear of the savages, and the common dread of the Roman 
Catholicism which French victory threatened, Dissenters and Church- 
men were drawn closer together. At such a time as this the spirit in 
which the law in reference to Dissenters was administered, was bound 
to become more liberal. The monograph, then, comes to the follow- 
ing conclusion: "The statement, then, seems warranted that during 
the French and Indian War, one phase of the struggle between the 
Dissenters and the Established Church came to an end. After this, 
indeed, the General Court still insisted upon keeping the matter of 
licensing ministers and meeting-houses under its own supervision, but 
the spirit in which the law was executed was changed. Applicants for 
licenses could now go to the General Court with reasonable assurance 
that their requests would be granted." 

Memoirs of William Nelson Pendleton, Rector of Latimer Par- 
ish, Lexington, Va., Brigadier General and Chief of Artillery, Army 
of Northern Virginia. By his daughter, Susan P. Lee. Published by 
J. B. Lippincott, & Co., Philadelphia, 1893. 

Contemporaneous evidence is the best evidence, and the testimony of 
those having the fullest opportunity of knowing the questions in issue 
is the best testimony; provided, it be characterized by clearness of vis- 
ion and impartiality of judgment. 

The life of this soldier-priest was no ordinary one. From his father 
and mother he inherited, along with his name and gentle blood, those 
characteristics which had made their names potent in the history of Vir- 
ginia. The traits which found expression in his handsome person were 
integrity of character, clearness of mind, and sweetness of disposition. 

Reared on a Virginia plantation in " the olden days," he had the ben- 
efit of, and enjoyed to the full, that sweet life which has been so satis- 
factorily described by his daughter. Though to many readers the most 
interesting part of this book may be the war period, there will be found 
in it much that will entertain and instruct the student of that ante-bel- 
lum life in Virginia, all so different from the life of the present day. 

After the experience of many another country boy in Virginia, young 
Pendleton received the appointment to West Point, where he gradu- 
ated with distinction, and made the acquaintance of those men whose 
names have since been as household words in the annals of the coun- 
try. Upon some of these men such an impression was made by him as 
remained ever afterwards, and enabled them to rely upon him in time 
of their country's need. 



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! ; S BOOK REVIEWS. 'AM .. 117 

One of the most interesting things in this book is the paper written 
at the beginnins; of the war by Dr. Pendleton, giving the reasons which 
impelled him to leave the charge of his parish and enter the army as a 
soldier. No one who reads that paper can doubt its author's sincerity; 
nor can one help feeling a satisfaction that the soldier should have been 
spared to take his pulpit again after having encountered so many vicis- 
situdes and dangers. From First Manassas, where Captain Pendleton 
and the Rockbridge Artillery shared the glory which attached to the 
name of a Stonewall Jackson, to Appomatiox, when, as one of the 
commissioners of surrender, General Pendleton helped to support his 
great commander, this book describes, in detail, the life of the Army of 
Northern Virginia. 

Original letters, written from the camp, on the march, at the front, 
are here published, the Biographer, who is often rather the Editor, al- 
lowing these valuable papers to tell their own story. Few Biographers 
have had such valuable material from which to draw, and fewer still 
have had a truer appreciation of what was required, or a m'nd better 
equipped for the undertaking. The sentence from Pascal, upon the 
title page, is justified throughout the work. 

The criticisms of battles made by the writer of this book are worthy 
of the best war writers. Her opportunities were good for the study of 
military affairs. Her father, as we have seen, was Chief o( Artillery of 
Lee's Army. Her husband and only brother were both on Stonewall 
Jackson's staff, the former leaving that stafT to become the colonel of a 
regiment, and rising to be a brigadier-general, and the latter remaining 
upon the staft of the great soldier and his successor, to end his life 
upon the fie! i of battle, at the age of twenty-four, having well merited 
an inscription after that to Hoche at Versailles— student at 19; soldier 
at 20; captain at 21; major at 22; lieutenant-colonel and adjutant of 
the Second Corps at 23; dead at 24 

In this book will be found an account of many of the interesting 
personages and important events connected with the most eventful 
period of our history, all detailed in so pleasing a way as to attract and 
satisfy the attention of the reader. It is worthy of note that three of 
the best biographies of recent date have been written by Southern 
women, Mrs. Jackson's life of her husband, Mrs. Corbin's lite of Com- 
modore Maury, and Mrs, Lee's life of General Pendleton. 

William and Marv College Quarterly Historical Papers. — 
Editor, Lyon G. Tyler. M. A. Volume I. 

We are pleased to learn that the demand for this admirable, periodical 
has been so great, that, all of the quarterly numbers having been dis- 
posed of, President Tyler has determined to issue, and has now nearly 
ready for publication, a reprint of the first four numbers. This reprint 



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118 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

will not only contain all the matter in the original parts, but will have 
considerable matter in addition and correction. 

The William and Mary Quarterly has gained too strong a place in the 
estimation of students of Virginia history and antiquities to require any 
recommendation to those who have been its readers ; but to others a 
brief resume of what the editor has collected may be of value. 

The first number, that of July, 1S92, contained an article especially 
interesting to tne Masonic fraternity, on the old Williamsburg Lodge. 
In this number, also, was the first of a series of articles relating to the 
religious history of the colony, in this instance giving a notice of the 
first Roman Catholic priest mentioned in the county records. 

In October was given an interesting article on the early Presidents of 
William and Mary College, which has been followed by a verbatim 
publication (not yet completed) of the journals of the faculty, whose 
value is increased by numerous notes. In this issue, also, was begun 
a series of original and hitherto unpublished letters from James Monroe, 
John Tyler, Samuel Taylor, &c. 

Some of the most interesting features of the Quarterly have been the 
extracts from various county records. Among the counties included 
have been Northumberland, Lower Norfolk (in regard to witchcraft), 
Northampton, and Lancaster. Of the same character, and of exceed- 
ing value to the genealogist, are the abstracts of marriage bonds re- 
corded in York, Elizabeth City, Norfolk and Spotsylvania. 

Pres't Tyler and his contributors deserve great credit for the very 
thorough and critical manner in which they have compiled accounts of 
greater or less e.xtent of the families of Digges, Chiles, Ludwell, Bur- 
well, Woo 'house, McClurg and others. Another important feature for 
the genealogist is the list of Virginia coats-of-arms which is greatly 
more extensive than any heretofore published. 

The first number included in the volume is perhaps of the greatest 
interest, containing as it does an article presenting new information in 
regard to John Washington, the immigrant ; a sketch of Virginia under 
the commonwealth, based on contemporary county records, and an ac- 
count of the Ohio Company by Miss Kate .Mason Rowland. Pres't Tyler 
has shown great judgment in selection and editing, and is especially 
fortunate in very e.xtensive acquaintance with the manuscript sources 
of Virginia history. 






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PUBLICATION'S RECEIVED. ■• ' 119 



PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED. 

New England Historical and Genealogical Register, April, 1S94. Bos- 
ton, Mass. 

Publications ofthe Rhode Island Historical Society, New Series, April, 
1894, Providence, R. I. 

Report of the President of Yale University for year ending Decem- 
ber, 1S03, New Haven, Conn. 

Patawomeke and Massawomeke, by William Wallace Tooker. Re- 
published from American Anthropologist, April 1S94. 

Proceedings of the New England Historical and Genealogical Soci- 
ety at the annual meeting, January 3, 1894, Boston, Mass. 

Bulletin of the Essex (Mass.) Institute, Volume XXV, Nos. 10,11, 
Salem, Mass., 1S94. 

Johns Hopkins University Studies, Twelfth Series, No. III. Constitu- 
tional Beginnings of North Carolina, by John Spencer Bassett. Johns 
Hopkins Press, Baltimore, Md., March, 1S94. 
Sermons for the Church, by Rev C. D. Bradlee, D. D, Boston, 1S93. 
Capitol of Virginia and the Confederate States, Historical and De- 
scriptive, by W. W. Scott and W. G. Stanard, Richmond, Va.. 1S94. 

Virginia Coinage. Proof that it was by Legislative and Royal au- 
thority, by Charle- T. Tatman, Worcester, Mass., 1894. 
Iowa Historical Record, April. 1S94, Iowa City, Iowa. 
Some Account of the Life and Services of William Blount, by Gen. 
Marcus J. Wright, Washington, D. C, 1S84. 

Proceedings of Massachusetts Historical Society, February and 
March, 1S94. 

Twenty-Fourth Reunion of the Society of the Army of the Cumber- 
land, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1S94. 
The Scottish Antiquary, No. 32, April, 1894 Edinburgh, Scotland. 
Massachusetts Historical Collections, Sixth Series, Vol. VII. Belcher 
Papers, Part II. 

Doggerel Ballads and some Social Distinctions at Harvard College. 
An Address Delivered by Dr. S. A. Green before Massachusetts Histo- 
rical Society, April 12, 1S94. 

Essex (Mass.) County Historical and Genealogical Register, Ipswich, , 
Mass., January, 1894. ] 

Southern Magazine, April, 1S94, Louisville, Ky. 

Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, January, 1S94, 
Worcester, Mass. 

William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. II, No. 4, April, 1S94, Williamsburg, 
1894. , 

Rebellion Record, Series I, Vol. XLIV, Washington, D. C. 
Constitution and By-Laws and List of Members of the Holland So- 
ciety of New York, 1894. 



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120 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Massachusetts Historical Society Proceedings, 1S92-1S94, Second 
Series, Vol. VIII. 

Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, No. i, Vol. XVIIII, 
April iSq4, published by Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadel- 
phia, 1894. 

Annual Report of the American Historical Association for the year 

1592, Washington, D. C 

National Magazine, April-May, 1S94, New York, N. Y. 

Life and Services of James Jones White, an Address Delivered by 
Hon. John Randolph Tucker, February, 1S94, in the Chapel of Wash- 
ington and Lee University, Va., printed by order of the Board of Trus- 
tees, Lexington, Va., 1S94, 

Morton Memoranda — Memoranda Relating to Ancestry and Family 
of Hon. Levi P. Morton, late Vice-President of United States, by J. 
Granville Leach, LL. B , Cambridge, Mass., 1S94. 

The Marble Border of Western New England ; Papers and Proceed- 
ing of the Middleburg Historical Society, Vol. I, Part II, Middleburg, 
Vt., Published by the Society, 1S35. 

Illinois State Historical Library, Trustees' Reports, December 16, 
1890, to December 10, 1892. 

Transactions of the Meriden (Conn.) Association, Review of the year 

1593, by the President, Rev. ]. T. Pettee, A. M. 

Address to the Wingote Indigo Society of Georgetown, South Caro- 
lina, 153d Anniversary, May 4, 1S94, by General H. D. Capers, of 
Charleston, S. C. Richmond, Va., 1S94. 

Southern Historical Magazine for June, 1894, Louisville, Ky., 1S94. 

Bulletin of Esse.\ Institute, Volume XXVI, Nos. r, 2, 3 ; Volume 
XXIX, October, November and December, 1892; Volume XXX, April, 
May, June, 1893. 

The Jerseyman, Volumes I, II, 1891, 1S93, a Quarterly Magazine of 
Local History, Flemington, New Jersey. 

Trinity Church, Bermuda, a Sketch of its History, Bermuda, 1886. 

Pamunkey Indians of Virginia, by John Garland Pollard, Govern- 
ment Press, Washington, D. C. 

Some Account of George Washington's Library and MSS. Records, 
and their dispersion from Mt. Vernon, with an excerpt of three months 
from his diary in 1774, while attending the First Continental Congress, 
by J. M. Toner, M. D., Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C, 
1894. 

Southern Magazine for March, 1894, Louisville, Ky., 1894. 

Sewannee River, Quarterly Journal, for May, 1894, Sewannee, Tenn., 
1894. 

Proceedings of the Trustees of the John F. Slater Fund, for the Ed- 
ucation of Freedmen, 1S94, ,. 

Official Register of the Territory of Arizona. 






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OF 



HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY. ' 



Vol. II. OCTOBER, 1894. No. 2. 



Honored Si 



Letters of Wm. Fitzhugh. 

(CONTINUED.) 

March 14th, 16S6-7. 



A3 I v"-i<- in my last my thoughts of coli" Jones * his Depar- 
ture, I fnid sir'^e absolutely true, but whither I can't yet learn, 
but I imagine (by some Discourse he let fall at my house) it is 
for England to get himself into his Majesty's Army, & since his 
flight his wife (to whom its presumed he communicated his 
thoughts) has carry'd out of this County all his Estate that is, 
all his negroes, for stock of cattle hogs or horses he had none in 
our county, &: has them now with her at Rappa" therefore there 
is the place to attack them in. 

My remoteness from their Judicial Place & unacquaintedness 
with their ministerial Officers might I fear indanger a miscarri- 
age of the whole proceedings therefore I have yet stop'd taking 

♦According to an account of the Dade family by Langhorne Dade, 
Jr., cited by Hayden in " Virginia Genealogies," Frances, widow of 
Richard Townshend, member of the Virginia Council, and sister of 
Robert Baldwin of London, and of William Baldwin of Glassthorne, 

married, secondly, Jones, and had a son, Cadwallader Jones, 

Colonel in the British service. 

There is on record in York county a deed from Mrs. Frances Jones 
to her sons Robert and Francis Townshend. 



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122 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

out an attachment for fear of alarming them, till I had first ad- 
vised w" your Honour, for which I have sent this messenger on 
purpose to inform of the circumstances also to propose that an 
Attachment might come immediately from my Lord, {propter 
exccllentiatii) Directed to the Sheriff of Rappahannock, & that 
you would either write to Mr. Spicei ^ or some other knowing & 
interested person in that county to see the same duly executed, 
& fully and discreetly prosecuted, & I will deliver your instruc- 
tions and directions there in with my own hand, to the person 
directed, »S: contribute what lies in my power to their assistance. 
I wish you may secure your own, but for my Lord Culpepper's 
I look upon it almost impossible to secure, I am sure improba- 
ble, nor can't advise in any measures to be taken therein, for by 
all that I can learn there's hardly Estate enough to answer your 
debt, which is not particularly & by name bound over, besides a 
great deal that is bound over in general terms. 

Sir Four days since I received yours of the aSth february last 
and I hope by this time its too late to condole your aftlicting 
torment because as its seizure was in the (almost) conclusion of 
the month, so do please myself with hopes and e.xpectation that 
at least the violence terminated therewith & hope by this time 
you are arrived to a full recovery. 

Because Mr. his letter and encouragement from his 

Excellency, was occasioned first from your Honours letter to 
his Lordship, I advised him to send this letter & petition open 
to your hand to crave your Honour's encouragement for if it be 
true as Mr. saith, and can prove by his whole ship's com- 
pany, it is not only bare Robbery, which is only forcing away 
money from him without any pretence of authority, but it is Rob- 



* Arthur Spicer, of Rappahannock, and afterwards of Richmond 
county, appears frequently in the county records as a lawyer. His 
will was dated September iS, 1699, and proved in Richmond, April 3d, 
1700. His legatees were his son, John Spicer, Lidia, daughter of his 
brother, John Spicer, of London, and Frances Robinson [wife of Wil- 
liam Robinson of Richmond county], daughter of Samuel Bloomfield; 
directs that his son, John, be sent to England for education, preferably, 
to the Charter-house. 

John Spicer was one of the first justices of King George county in 
1721. 



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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 123 

bery heightened and aggravated, under colour of his Majesty's 
Commission & authority, which if not timely prevented, will pre- 
judice his Majesty in his customs by the Discouragement of trade 
and Ruin of this country. And indeed it must needs appear to 
the Merchants, owners & employers in England a foul imputation 
and scandal to the government the consequence whereof I refer 
to your most deserving Judgment. 

God Almighty preserve your Honour in health & happiness 
always prayer of 

Sr your Wff. 
To The Hon'ble Nich' Spencer Esq. . , ^ ,, , , ,, ,,, 



March 22nd, 16S6-7. 
Dear Brother: 

Your full absolute and perfect assurance in your's fully, per- 
fectly & absolutely pleases me and contents me, and gives me as 
great if not greater satisfaction than the welcome full bags to the 
most miserly usurer or the joyfuli and full harvest to the most 
industrious & thrifty husbandman & do with the same earnest- 
ness wish the consummation, zw/iat^-zV Ecclesiae \.o furnish you 
with a full enjoyment and though the Distance will not admit at 
that happy Day, I shall not then fail to sing in your remembrance. 
Your treaty and conclusion with Coll" Diggs, discourse with 
Phipperd & intentions with others therein mentioned on one 
part shows not only your skill but Activity, on the other part a 
continuance of your friendship & Kindness, by admitting me a 
partner in your best offers, and greatest expectations. I have ad- 
vice from York that Tob° is very plentifull, & consequently low, 
therefore should advise to strike as soon as possible, doubting 
when this market will be over, whether any more overtures may 
happen for its general saying that abundance of Tob" will be left 
in the country &c. 

As you write in yours you have time enough this week to do 
business in, so next week I hope you'll have business enough to 
do, for as your stay is intended but short I am sure your service 
both must & will be brisk. Your limited time is so short that to 
be plain with you you cannot be wished for sooner. 

Your Intimacy «& nearness to that good Lady emboldens me 



124 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

though unknown to request i-he tender of my humble service to 
her. 

Your Wff. 
To Capt. George Brent at &c. 



April 5th, 16S7. 
Dearest Brother : 

In my last sub cover Mr. Hayvvard by Spenser, which by 
this time I suppose is with you I gave you an account of the re- 
ceipt of your two most acceptable letters, and therein a full an- 
swer to each part therefore now shall not need repetition. In my 
last I advised that if you intended in here ne.xt year, as you 
semed to intimate in your letter, how I might have the happiness 
of your good company, and you the profit of so long a voyage, 
which was by your Interest at court, which I hear is considerable 
to get to be commander of one of the King's Ships, that gives 
their attendance here, by which place you might clear 1,000 /^ 
Sterling a year, pursuing such methods as my knowledge in the 
country & acquaintance with trade and traders is able to dictate 
to you and you might be assured of those that are here (viz:) 
Allen & Crofts clear better than 500 £ a year apiece, though So- 
briety is a stranger to the one and discretion not very intimate 
with the other. 

I also promised in my last, to propose another profitable meth- 
od for your advantageous coming here, provided what I before 
premised cannot be obtained, which is to get to be Keeper of the 
Broad Seal of this Country, with the profits thereto appertaining, 
for you must know before our present Governor the Lord How- 
ard came over the Seal of the Collony was in the Secretary's 
office; and all Pattents, Commissions Proclamations &c. , that 
issued forth came out of this office and the fees thereof was very 
small but since this Governor's time he has taken the Seal to 
himself and makes 200 /!^ Tob° for every Commission, Proclama- 
tion, Pattent, Commission of administration &c. , which amounts 
to at least betwixt eighty and a hundred thousand pounds Tob" 
p annum without fourty shillings charge or three days trouble in 
the year, & in my opinion is not very difficult there to obtain it, 
and after such a settled officer & office the profits would daily 
increase and as at present you can obtain the place by no other 



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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 125 

name than Keeper of the great seal of the Collony, so in a short 
time the Chancellor's Place and profits will fall into the same, 
which will far exceed all the places in this country except the 
Governor's both in Reputation and Profit. 

I could also propose to you the farming the Virginia Duty 1 
mean the two shillings p hhd which amounts annually to about 
four thousand pound sterling clear paying all officers for collect- 
ing the same, and I know of no other payments to be made out 
of it, than 1,200 £ sterling to our Governor, 100 to the Auditor 
in England, Mr. Blithwait and 300 to our Auditor or rather Dep- 
uty Auditor Coll" Bacon -^ (who is very antient and in all proba- 

*Roberti Bacon, of Drinkstone, Suffolk, (an account of whose ances- 
try may be found in the New England Historical and Genealogical 
Register, Vol. XXXVII, p. 1S9. &c.,) married Isabella, daughter of John 
Cage, of Pakenham, Suffolk, and had issue: I. Thomas^ of Northaw, 
Hertfordshire, d. s. p.\ II. Sir Nicholas^ Lord Keeper, father of Fran- 
cis' Bacon, Lord Veruiam ; III. James^ Alderman of London, who died 
June 15, 1573, and was buried in the Church of St Dunstan's in the East, 
London. He married, secondly, Margaret, daughter of \Vm. Rawlins, 
of London, and widow of Richard Gouldstone. 

Their eldest son. Sir James^ Bacon, of Friston Hall, Suffolk, was 
knighted at White Hal! in 1604, and dying at Finsbury, London, lanuary 
17, 1618, was buried at St. Giles' Church. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Francis and Anne (Drury) Bacon, of Hessett, and had issue : 
I. Nathaniel , of Friston, oldest son, born May 5, 1593, buried .August 
7, 1644; married Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Le Gros, of Crostwick, 
Norfolk, Knight ; II. James*, Rector of Burgate, Suffolk, died August 

25, 1670. He married, first, .Mar'.ha , and, secondly, Martha. 

daughter of George Woodward, of Buckinghamshire. It is uncertain 
as to which marriage his daughter, .Martha Smith, was from ; but his 
son, Nathaniel, was by the first. 

Nathaniel* and Anne (Le Gros) Bacon had issue: I. Thomas^, of 
Friston, who, by his first wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Robert 
Brooke, of Cockfield Hall, Suffolk, was the father of Nathaniel^ Bacon, 
of Virginia, " The Rebel."' 

Rev. James* Bacon had issue: I. Xathaniel^ baptized at St. Mary's, 
Bury St. Edmund's, August 29, 1620. died March 16, 1692; traveled in 
France in 1647. and was probably a graduate of Cambridge; came, 
about 1650,10 Virginia, where his seat was at "King's Creek." York 
county. He was chosen member of the Council in 165-, but held the 
o{!ice only a year ; was Burgess for York, 165S and 1659, and reappointed 
to the Council in 1660 {Hening) ; appointed Auditor-General, March 
12, 1675, and resigned that position in December, 16S7 {Sainsbury) \ was 
President of the Council, and, as such, Acting Governor in 1689. He 



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126 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

bility cannot live long, by whose death there will be the vacancy 

married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Kingsmill {Campbell, p. ) 

and widow of Colonel William Tayloe, member of the Council. They 
left no issue; II. Martha^, married Anthony Smith, of Colchester, tan 
ner, and had issue: Abigail* Smith, born March ii, 1656, died Novem 
ber 12, 1692, who came to Virginia, married Lewis Burwell. of Glouces 
ter county, and was bequeathed most of the estate of her uncle 
Nathaniel Bacon; III. Elizabeth^ (eldest daughter), married at Burgate 
September 16, 1647, Thomas Burrowes, Esq., of St. Mary's Parish, Bury 
St. Edmund's; IV. Anne^ baptized at Burgate, married Mr. Wilkinson, 
of Burgate. 

The following are the arms and epitaph on the torub of Colonel Na- 
thaniel Bacon, of King's Creek, York : 

Arms: Quarterly; first and fourth, Gu. on a chief ar. two mullets 
pierced, for Bacon ; second and third, Or two bars az., over all a bend 
^u., for Quappelade [an old quartering of the Bacon arms]. 

"Here lieth interred ye body of Nathaniel .:'..: --.vi. 

Bacon Esq whose descent was from the "K 

'- Ancient House of ye Bacons (one of whom was 

»' Chancellor Bacon & Lord Veralam^ who was ' ^' 

* Auditor of Virginia & President of ye Honourable 

" Council of State & Commander in chief for the 

County of York, having been of the Councell 
' for above 40 years & having always discharged ■'■> 

' ye office in which he served with great - •' •''^' 

'■ Fidelity and Loyalty to his Prince, who departed ■ ' 

'-' " this life ye 16 of March 1692 in ye 73d 

'■ year of his Age." 

His wife's tomb was formerly at King's Creek, but has now been 
removed to St. Paul's Churchyard, Norfolk. It bears the following 
arms and epitaph : 

Arms: Ar. crucilly sa. a chev. ermines betrc. three millrinds of the 
second, a chief of the third, for Kingsmill, impaling, Vert, a sword erect 
or, beticeen two lions rampant endorsed ermine, for Tayloe [the arms of 
her first husband]. 

" Here lyeth the Body of" 

Elizabeth wife to the 

Honorable Nathaniel 

Bacon Esq'r who departed 

this Life the Second Day of 

November one Thou.sand 

Six Hundred Ninety one in 

the Sixty-Seventh Yeare 

.of her age." 



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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 127 

of a considerable profitable & easie managed place) and betwixt 



The following abstract is derived from the (full) copy of the will of 
Rev. James Bacon, printed in " Bury Wilis," published by the Camden 
Society: 

(With a long pious preamble.) I give tenn pounds to be equally de- 
vided betueene such poore christians as are in want. Whereas I have 
undertaken to pay the sume of five hundred pounds to Mr. Richard 
Tornes, marchant of London, for Nathaniel Bacon, my sonne, who is 
now in France, and have sold certaine lands lying in Sternfield, Suffolke, 
to the said Richd Tornes tor four hundred pounds and paid him one 
hundred pounds cVC— I have assured unto Martha, my wife, for her life, 
my mannor of Pirleys, and divers lands Sec, in Sternfield, after her 
death I give s.aid manor and lands to son Nathaniel, and daughters 
Elizabeth, Martha, and Anne to be equally divided— Give to daughter 
Martha all the lands and tenements I lately purchased of Anthony 
Baker, gent., lying in Snape, and Friston, Sufl^olk— To daughter Anne 
all my meadowe commonly called Sa.xmondham meadowe containing 
five acres and one rood, and one little meadowe adjoining containing 
one acre, which two meadowes were lately in the possession of Nathan- 
iel Bacon, of Friston Esq— To wife Martha all my readie money, Jewells 
and debts— all plate and other liousehold stufTe to be equally divided 
into two parts, one for wife Martha & the other to daughters Martha 
and Anne— To daughter Elizabeth, now the wife of Mr. Thonhas Bur- 
rowes, my bookes of Mr, Perkins works — To the poore peeple of the 
towne of Burgate six pounds — To the poore peeple of the six townes 
next adjoining Burgate, six pounds — And now upon the great trust and 
confidence which I have and doe repose upon the said Martha my wife 
doe ordaine and make her the said Martha, my wife, my sole executrix, 
acknowledging that I have found favour from the Lord, whoe in his 
providence provide soe faithful! a companion, and soe fitt a helper for 
me. 

Dated September 24, 1647, proved January 23d, 1649 

The will of Nathaniel Bacon is on record at York Court House. The 
following is an exact copy : 

" In the name of God, Amen. I Nathaniel Bacon, of the County of 
York in Virginia being sick, and weak of Body but of perfect sense 
and memory, do make this my last will and Testament as follows. 
First I give my body to the Earth to be decently buried and my soul 
to God that gave it me hoping for a joyful resurrection thro' the merits 
of Jesus Christ my blessed Saviour and redeemer. As for that worldly 
good it hath pleased God to help me with my will is — Impr. After my 
just debts are paid I give to my loving Niece Abygall Burwell wife of 
Lewis Burwell of Gloucester County in Virginia the Plantation wheron 
I now reside and all other lands in Hampton and Bruton parishes in 



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128 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

thirty and fourty pound a year to each councellor, whereof there's 



York County by me purchased with all my rights or pretenses ot" rights 
and after her death to her son Lewis Burwell Junior and his heirs for- 
ever. Then I give to every one of Major Lewis Burwell's children now 
living Fifty Pounds sterling to each of them Viz— Nathaniel. Lewis, 
James, Joanna, Elizabeth, Lucy and Martha. 

Item— I give unto my niece Elizabeth Sherey sister of aforesaid Abi- 
gail Burwell Thirty Pounds sterling. Item— I give and bequeath all 
my lands lying in Isle of Wight and Nancymond Countys in Virginia 
to my nephew Lewis Burwell Junior and his wife Abigail Burwell and 
after their decease to Nathaniel and James Burwell sons of the afore- 
said Lewis Burw2ll and to their heirs forever. Item— I give unto my 
Nephew Major Lewis Burwell all my lands lying and being in New 
Kent County to be managed sold and disposed of to the best advan- 
tage and the proper use and benefit of the said Lewis Burwell's four 
daughters viz. Joanna, Elizabeth, Lucy and Martha now liv-ng. Item — 
I give unto my brother in law Thomas Burras [Burrows] of Berry 
[Bury St. Edmunds] in England Twenty Pounds Sterling. Item— I give 
unto my brother in law Wilkynson in England Twenty Pounds Ster- 
ling and Thirty Pounds to the said Wylkinson's wife. Item— I give to 
Frances Lady Berkeley my riding horse Watt and Ten Pounds Sterling. 
Item -I give to Colonel Philip Ludwell Ten Pounds Sterling. Item— I 
give to the right Honorable the Lt Governor Francis Nicholson Esquire 
Twenty Pounds Sterling. Item — I give to Mr. secretary Cole Ten 
Pounds Sterling. Item — I give unto the Parish where I was born [St. 
Marys, Bury] Twenty Pounds Sterling to be paid into the hands of my 
brother Burrus and to be disposed of as he sees good. Item — I give 
Hampton Parish in York County in Virginia Twenty Pounds Sterling 
to be disposed of as the Vestry i.hall see fit. Item— I give the mulatto 
Kate her freedom at my decease, it being formerly promised by my 
deceased wife. It is my desire that Mr. William Bassett be forever ac- 
quitted and discharged from the payment of any Bills, Bonds, Contracts 
or Debts whatsoever that there shall be found due to my estate at my 
decease, he giving my e.xecutors hereafter named a full discharge and 
acquitance from all Debts and demands whatsoever he have or may 
have against me as I was Guardian and Executor in Trust of his Estate, 
he giving liberty to my Executor to remove what Estate shall be known 
to be mine on his plantation called Mateheart. Item— My desire is 
twenty pounds be laid out in Rings to be given to several friends accord- 
ing to the direction of my executors hereafter named. Item — I give 
unto Dr. Henry Powers as a legacy Five Pounds Sterling. Item. I 
give unto Will Davis my Servant Ten Pounds Sterling per annum for 
what time he has to serve after my decease to an assistant to my Exec- 
utors. Item— I give unto my nephew Major Lewis Burwell and to my 









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■i r-:, 



LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 129 

rarely above twelve, never above thirteen, which in the whole 
amounts to not above 2000 or 2200 £ sterling- p'annum, which 
Is little more than half the clear Income, and now of the rest as 
I know of, (and I have some reason to know by reason I have 
revised diligently Mr. Auditor's Book & accot') goes to his Ma- 



loving niece Abygail Burwell wife of said Lewis Rurwell all my perso- 
nal Estate and debts due to me either in England or Virginia or else- 
where as also all my ready money. Ships or parts of ships and all my 
goods and Chattels Whatsoever to me belonging in any part of the 
world not already expressed in this Will to be disposed of by the said 
Lewis Burwell and Abygail his wife to the real use and behoof of the 
children lawfully begotten of the said Lewis Burwell and Abygail his 
wife and to no other extent and purpose whatsoever and to be divided 
between them according to the discretion of thei'- said father and 
mother or the longest survivor of them Item— I do make Major Lewis 
Burwell and his wife Abygaill Burwell sole Executors of this my last 
Will and Testament, hereafter [?] revoking all other Wills and Testa- 
ments whatsoever, to the true performance of which I here unto set 
my hand and seal this 15th day of March 1691-2. 

Nathaniel Bacon. Seal. ■ 

Memorandum — 

That if Elizabeth Peters, daughter of Mr. Thomas Peters — if she shall 
happen to live to the age of Twenty One Years or be married my will 
is that she shall be possessed with a negro girl named Moll now about 
ten years of age now living on the Plantation Tower belonging to the 
said Peters. 

Signed sealed and delivered in the presence of us, the words Nancy- 
tnond and sold first interlined. W' itness : 

William Cole, 
Stephen Fouace, ' 
Joseph Ring, 
Hen. Powers. 
York County March 24th 1691-2. Presented in Court by Major Lewis 
Burwell one of the Executors of within written Will and was likewise 
then and there proved by the oaths of the Hon'ble Colonel William 
Cole and Joseph Ring two of the witnesses there unto and is ordered 
to be admitted to the records which is accordingly performed. 

William Sedgewick Clk." 

For accounts of the Bacons of England and Virginia see New Eng- 
land Historical and Genealogical Register, XXXVII, 189, &c., and 
Keith's "Ancestry of Benjamin Harrison " 



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130 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

jestie and I am sure not to the country's use, so that paying 500 £ 
p. annum to some court Pensioner & the Governor Auditor and 
Council's Salary here there certainly might be cleared comtmoii- 
bus ayinis 1000 or 1200 £ a year at least. But it must be sup- 
posed that large security would be expected if it were obtained 
by the way of farm which I am afraid would be difficult for you 
to get but to have the handling and paying of this money to the 
respective officers as well as the collection & Disposal of the 
whole country's Ouitrents under the name and by the title and 
office of Treasurer of Virginia could not be less worth than 500 
or 600 ^sterling a year, & it is a place now vacant and wanting, 
& I believe there might not be much difficulty to obtain it, using 
this caution to inform yourself of My Lord Howard's interest & 
friends at court before you may embark upon any of them, for 
all my proposals are branches lopped from the tree of his Inter- 
est, except that of being commander of the King's Ships, there- 
fore it caimot be to my advantage to publish from whom you 
receive this information. 

What I have now farther to advise is a piece of news, that just 
a month before the writing of this we sang Jo. Hymen at my 
Sister's wedding, who I think is well matched, having married 
an Ingenious Trader into this Country, a SkilfuU & quaint Sur- 
geon, as h's particular operations here has sufficiently demon- 
strated & one of considerable Reputation and Substance at 
Bristol where he lives, but intends this year to transfer his whole 
concerns hither & here settle; his name is Dr. Ralph Smith, the 
person that I mentioned in my last years proposals of Exchange 
and by whose conveyance this letter comes to your hand. As in 
my last I intimated & desired your Picture and our Coat of Arms if 
you could not get an advantageous opportunity of giving me 
your own wished for company, so again I must repeat my for- 
mer wishes and desires & wishes either to see you in person or 
to see you truly personated by your lovely picture which would 
largely contribute to the satisfaction of 

Dearest Brother Your VVff. 
To Capt. Henry Fitzhugh &c. 



Apr. 5th, 1687. 
Worthy Sir : 

I have already been so large and troublesome by Pensux 



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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 131 

which before this I hope is come safe to hand and expect to Du- 
plicate with addition by Burnham that in this I shall only return 
you my most hearty thanks for your many & continual favours 
and expressions of kindness, & in answer to yours shall begin 

with your last, which I the other day received by Mr. 

wherein you sensibly condole of that report of your 

Brothers Dissolution, from whom that report should arise or 
upon what grounds I cannot imagine. Your Brother to this day 
having not given any occasion by one hour's sickness or the 
least indisposition & which by this time his letter from Town, I 
am sure gives you plenary Satisfaction in, not only by his per- 
fect health, but new acquisitions of his reputation, by serving as 
a representative in our last Assembly with sufficient credit and 
Satisfaction, considering his new Introducion into affairs of that 
nature, and though that house came off with a special mark from 
his Majesty & Disreputation from the Governor, yet he so evenly 
ballanc'd himself that by all party's he was esteemed an honest 
well meaning man. I speak Knowingly Sir though I did not 
belong to the jliouse, yet was impeached formally by them and 
all methods pursued as in an Impeachment by the House of Com- 
mons in England but it proved like all the rest of their proceed- 
ings ill grounded & worse managed, and in the end did me no 
farther damage than the waiting upon them till my triall was 
over. Keeping me so long (which was almost three weeks) from 
my pleasant Retirement at my own house, in which business your 
brother shew'd himself a true man in his station & a faithfull 
fast friend. S"" This is in haste by Dr. Ralph Smith whom I last 
year mentioned in my proposals of Exchange, who is now more 
near related by means of my Sister (who gives you her humble 
service) for about a month since that Gordian Knot was tyed 
betwixt them, that nothing but death will separate and I believe 
it not only is but will continue to both their satisfaction & con- 
tent. In my last I advised that I continue the same in my incli- 
nations and desires for exchange. & have only this now further 
to add, that could the estate to be exchang'd for be procur'd in 
Ireland or Scotland I shooW both like and approve the same. 

With the enclosed note sir, I desire you to pay the arrearage 
of Post money & what this now comes to, for really I blush when 
I consider the trouble I continually put you to, and am wholly 



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132 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

asham'd to add charge to the same reckoning. I shall within 
these ten days write again by Burneham therefore now shall add 
no further than sincerely to acknowledge myself 

Sir Your Wff. 
To Mr. Nicholas Hayward &c. 



, .; .--, vv-K' April 5th, 1687. :■ 

Cousin Harris: 

I have no farther to add now than what I formerly wrote p. 
Pensu.x sub cover Mr. Hayward only to beg the favour of you 
to deliver the inclosed letter to my mother, and the money in the 
inclosed bill of exchange to receive & deliver to her, also to ac- 
quaint you with mj^ Sisters good fortune in mating with a good 
husband, the person to whom she is matched being a very inge- 
nious & truly honest man and one of no mean fortUiie. I do 
suppose my Sister herself has been more large with particular 
circumstances, therefore refer to her letter. Pray remember my 
kind respects to my cousin your good wife and accept the same 
for yourself from ^ 

Your Wff. 
To Mr. Thos. Harris, Haberdasher in &c. 



Dear Mother : 

In my last p. Pensux I promised to send you ^10 if to be 
procured by this I have sent a bill of exchange to my cousin 
Harris to receive ^3 and deliver it to you which please accept it 
being all the money I can at present procure. I design to make 
this up /^lo by the next if possibly to be procured, but Tob° is 
now so extreamly cheap & low here that money cannot be pro- 
cured therewith as my Sister I suppose will more fully inform 
you in this affair, with what difficulty I got this money that I 
now send, as also in her own affairs how suddenly fortunate she 
has been in meeting with a very good match which will be to 
her future comfortable subsistence and prosperity all which I 
wholly refer to her particular relation & indeed all things else 
that you desire to be informed of my particular concerns, I have 
nothing more to add but Prayers to God Almighty for your 
health and in his due time your comfort and prosperity. 

I am Your Wff. 



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.81 LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 133 

April i8th, 16S7. 
Brother Smith: ^ ' 

I hope this will find you safe arrived to Bristol and the in- 
closed will shew you Mr. Francis Hammersley's care & honesty 
in delivering- your bills of Exchange for the ^13 he owes which 
he questions not but will be ready accepted and duly paid. 
Thank God we are all in as good health as you left us, and one 
in particular longingly expects your company. This is all the 
needfull at present from 

Sir your Wff. 



,,,. ,,. . ,. 1^,,^. April i8th, 1687. 

Mr. John Cooper : 

Sir, I received your severall letters to my Sister, Captain 
Martin, Harriss and Paine together with copy of your account 
currant & also the protested bill in one of your inclosed, if I 
could have got any t'reight this year; intended to have consigned 
you twenty or thirty hhds Tob", but there was this year such 
plenty of Tob" and scarcity of ships, that freight was hardly to 
be procured on any terms, & I was not willing to give very high 
for freight seeing that Tob' is at so low a rate in England, and 
as the fullness of ships promises no very Rising Market, about 
a fortnight ago I doubted I should have 200 hh"^^ lying upon my 
hand but the greatness of the quantity and the conveniency of 
it, did at last help me to a saving Market for the same as this 
year goes for I had for it nine shillings and six pence p. cent 
which I believe is as much if not more than I could have them 
expected, though for this three years successively, the two tbr- 
mer for the heigth of the Market & this latter for want of freight, 
I have not consigned you any Tob° yet next year I believe I 
shall and do intend to consign you some, if a rising Market gives 
encouragement. I intend to write you once again this year and 
hope to send inclosed some bills of Exchange & therefore shall 
refer all further discourse till then and have now only to assure 
you I am, 

Sir Your Wff. 

p. Capt. Burnham. 



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134 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. ,1 ^^ 

Mr. Nicholas Hayward: 

What's before is duplicate of my former p. Capt. Pensux the 
inclosed letter to Mr. Ashton and Foster together with the 
papers relating to the same will I presume deceive their expecta- 
tions of a great Estate as they supposed their Cousin here to be 
possessed with, which their this year's letters seemed to intimate 
for besides all those judgments, there is considerable sums due 
to us that are his e.xecutors, besides some in the country that 
have not yet brought in their actions & Mr. Storke in England 
to whom we imagine he was considerably indebted, and in this 
Inventory was his whole estate except his stock of horses which 
are of low value and could not be brought together to the ap- 
praisement by which you will perceive what personall estate will 
be left after all debts satisfy' d. Sr in my last by way of Bristol 
I gave you account of your Brother's perfect health, and new 
acquisitions at James Town, together with the signification of the 
continuance of my Desires of Exchange though it were for an 
Estate lying in Scotland or Ireland if it could not be had in 
England provided it could be secure, for either of these answer 
my reasons for removal as well as in England though it would 
not be altogether as pleasing to me. Since the waiting of the 
former I have received a letter from Mr. Clayton of Liverpool 
who writes me that the lowness of Tob° will not answer to give 
my settled price therein mentioned of i6. Sd but yet is mighty 
willing & desirous to be concerned in a trade with me and highly 
approve of the Dispatch desiring me to propose a lower price or 
other methods which I have now done as p. the enclosed copy 
of the letters sent him you'll perceive, and the reasons I send 
the copy to you is because I continued my Designs (if he ap- 
prove of any of the propositions therein mentioned) in lodging 
what money I can conveniently spare in your hands and have 
ordered Dr. Ralph Smith my brother in Law, by the marriage of 
my Sister, as I informed you in my last to direct in the sorting of 
the goods and ordering some of the money there to be deposited 
in your hands. 

In my last also I sent you a note from Mr. Sam' Hayward for 
;^20 which I forgot to advise to pay this Postage and the former 



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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 135 

arrears which I hope is come safe to your hand. I have now 
only to beg this favour to pardon this trouble & therein you will 
continue your obligations to 

Sr. Your WflT. 
To Mr. Nicholas Hayward Notary Public 

near the Exchange London. ' '' '' ''■'-' •' 



Mr. Jno. Ashton & Mr. Jno. Foster: 

The inclosed will of your cousin Mr. James Ashton who 
dyed in August last will give you the reason why this comes 
from us, as being intrusted in your behalfs till you come or send, 
therefore have taken this opportunity to acquaint you therewith 
and also inclosed have sent you an Inventory of his whole estate 
with the appraisements according to the order of court and pur- 
suant to Law, togethe'- with an account of the Judgments already 
obtained against ye estate, what horses and mares there are be- 
longing to the estate are not in because they could not possibly 
be got together to the appraisement. There is near upon twenty 
thousand pouaas Tob° more due from him to us than the Judg- 
ments and charges that we have been at in management of the 
Same & paying Servants wages, which when you come or send 
we shall be ready to give you an acco' of. We suppose your 
best way will be to know of Mr. Thomas Storke what his debt 
is, which we doubt is very considerable and make payment of 
the same to him there otherwise that debt together with debts 
already known and justly due, will sweep the whole personal 
estate and yet wants effects to answer some debts, we know not 
what farther to add, having sent you these inclosed Records, 
which will speak their own business, but hoping to hear from 
you or see you by the first next year we conclude and rest. 

Gentlemen Your Wff. 
April i8th, 1687. 



May 13th, 1687. • 
Mr. Nicholas Hayward: 

In my former p. way of Bristol Pensux & Burneham I have 
been so largely troublesome, that my endeavours shall be to con- 



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136 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

tract my Discourse in a narrow room by only telling- you that all 
your friends here are well & in good health and particularly your 
brother Sam with whom about three days since we heartily and 
merrily drank your health. Sir, I desire yon to receive & keep 
for me the contents of the inclosed bill, and by the next which 
I believe will be Sutton I expect to send you more bills to the 
value of 40 or 50 £ sterling but am not certain. Sir, I have 
had it in my thoughts to write a small treatise or History of Vir- 
ginia describing its Situation, Temperature & fertility, nature of 
its present inhabitants, with their method and manner of living, 
the plenty of Iron mines almost every where in the Country, & 
probable conjectures of the Discovery of others (more profitable 
though perhaps not so usefull) together with the prodigious 
quantity of wood to manage the same, the plenty of all sorts of 
provisions the easie & profitable living of the people therein. 
Its regular easie and even government in its several courts of 
Justice together with their respective powers and methods of 
proceeding, with divers other heads too many to be enumerated, 
and to observe that brevity as I proposed in the first part of my 
letter. I have only mentioned this to you Sir to desire your 
opinion whether a business of this nature might be of any ad- 
vantage for the perswading Inhabitants hither & might not be 
prejudicial to me in my particular concerns, for I have some 
rough materials towards the building such a work & could 
quickly supply myself with the remainder and have reason & 
conveniency to finish the same. Excuse haste. 

Sir Your Wff. 
To Mr. Nichs Hayward. 



April 8th, 1687. 
Mr. Thomas Clayton: 

Sr. yours by Mr. Marshal I received (though have not seen 
nor certainly heard where he is) so consequently not the oppor- 
tunity of consulting him, nor indeed throughly to understand 
your meaning, for I find you are willing to be concerned in a 
Trade, and approve of the Dispatch, but withall give me a par- 
ticular account of the lowness of Tob" & the severall great and 
incident charges thereunto, from whence you conclude that un- 
less Tob" be purchased very low here in the method of trade you 



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:8di ,dJ8 IhcjA 



LETTERS OF WILLIAM FIT/HUGH. 137 

are now in, you cannot possibly advantageously continue the 
same in all which I fully agree with you & must now plainly say 
as in my last was intimated that your purchase had need be very 
low here to make a profitable return to you there, when I con- 
sider the length of your stay here, the charge your ships lie at, 
the charges of storage and drinkage, the commissions you give 
to your Factors or Agents, the uncertainty of a market when 
you arrive here, the many debts necessarily contracted, the diffi- 
culty afterwards of getting those debts when they are due from 
responsible persons, and many of them never to be got nor any 
possibility of getting, the hazard of sending in a careless or negli- 
gent Factor of your own or of employing one here as great an 
hazard of meeting with an honest or substantial person, or if 
your Master has the management of the Merchandizing affairs 
as well as the Ships, he must necessarily neglect the one or the 
other for each of them requires a whole man so that if he be in- 
dustrious on the cargoe's account, either the idleness or care- 
lessness of his own crew will give_at least a month's stay in the 
Ships concerns or if he neglect that, then want of employment 
will hinder as much, all which considered makes me concur with 
you in opinion, but the method in my last proposed took off all 
those inconveniency's & all things considered I believe comes as 
near of purchasing Tob° almost as cheap if not altogether as the 
other way especially most years, tho' I must confess this year 
the scarcity of ships and plenty of Tob° causes an alteration. 
But I will according to your Desire this farther offer, that upon 
the same terms and under the same circumstances, I will let you 
have the quantity of Tob" at the times therein limited & men- 
tioned at 12-6 p cent which considering the dispatch of the Ship, 
& indeed the Ships cargo in her stay I estimate goes a great 
many in your purchase and by this means she may as easily 
make two voyages as one in the year & at both times after arrival 
may be in continual and full employment, no arrears left behind 
nor no hazard of negligence insufficiency or falsehood, being 
you part neither with money nor goods, till you have a full Sat- 
isfaction for the same. But if you are unwilling to give that 
settled certain rate, then I will make another offer that is I will 
make the Dispatch as I before mentioned, for your forward and 
latter Ships loading allowing 2 sh. p cent more than the currant 



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jfifiTiua ^d) nfid) tnora Jnda q An & 



138 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

market price at the time of the Ship's arrival & 15 p. cent com- 
mission bearing all charges myself and running the hazard of all 
debts, every year sending you the full produce of your whole cargo 
if yet you think that may be uncertain because of the rii,ing and 
falling of the Market I will agree the market price to be 8-6 p 
cent & accordingly will make you your Return yearly and this 
way your Dispatch may be in a month or five weeks time at far- 
thest & should be willing that each ship or the ship at each time 
could carry 300 hh"' and could as easily dispatch her as the ship 
of 200 or 250 hhds mentioned in my letter last year. If this 
method still likes you not, I will once again propose that I will 
fill you two ships, a forward & a latter one with the same celerity 
and Dispatch as I mentioned in my former at 25 p cent commis- 
sion & 30 £ sterling extraordinary for each 300 hhds and make 
you full return according to the Market Price or settled price 
before proposed of 8-6 p cent but you can expect no further ac- 
count of sales from me than the Market price or settled price 
mentioned because your first ships loading must be put on board 
out of my own Tob" for before I have sold a penny worth of your 
goods or indeed before I desire a penny worth of them in my 
custody, according to my method in my last year's letter I must 
have given notes for all if not the greatest part your first ships 
whole loading so that the goods may be properly alter their ar- 
rival accounted my purchase according to the Market rate, or 
the prices their mentioned & not sold to procure the Tob°. 
Upon this last proposal I'll make remark to you 10 p cent is the 
ordinary & agreed allowance for receiving Tob', 5 p cent the 
same for sales of goods. 3 p cent it comes to for storage, and I 
am sure to deal with our Country planters, less than 2 p cent 
will not afford drinkage insurance of the whole cannot reasona- 
bly be accounted for less than 3 p cent and I believe I should 
make no extravagant computation if I should reckon the Dis- 
patch as I propose with the leaving not one pound of Tob" be- 
hind, tho' in good sure hands, to be worth at least 7 p cent all 
which reckoned together comes to more than I ask by 3 p cent 
and better, reckoning the 30 £ extraordinary also. In my opinion 
if you accept of this last proposal, the better way would be to let 
your forward ships be of about 200 or 300 hhds & the latter ship 
a good fly boat of about 600 hhds for these reasons. 






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..» n»,o ijv'Y ;*!jd 7u;v; -,; '-8 iCj ho^oqrnq siijloc' 



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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 139 

First. Such a flight is sailed almost with the same charge as 
one of your country ships, in the method you are now in are 
because such ships are built rather for the profit of Merchants, 
than the accommodations of Masters &c., being of a large hold 
and little cabbin, and the only ships indeed for this Country 
Trade. 

Secondly. I had as lieve fill such a ship for a latter ship than 
one of less burden, provided I had timely notice & assurance of 
the same, and she might also be filled with the same speed and 
ease too, provided sloops aud flats were provided beforehand 
against her arrival, by which easie charge and great quantity of 
Tob" carry' d your freight would be mighty low. 

But I must thus caution you that I expect the goods bought 
well and with ready money, and the custom and other incident 
charges particularly mentioned and not an advancement of the 
goods, to make up those charges as is in frequent use and prac- 
tice. Sir according to your desire I have once again made you 
other offertures, if you like any or either of them give but 
timely and speedy notice to Doct^ Ralph Smith of Bristol, by 
whom this is conveyed to your hand, and he will take effectual 
care to give me timely acco' thereof, or if you doubt in any 
thing, or every particular is not so full and plain as you desire, I 
have given him full orders and Instructions to make every thing 
plain & conclude the same with you as well as if I were there 
myself but must desire you to write to him and subcover of him 
to me timely to come with the first ships, though you like not 
to accept of any of these proposals. If you accept of any of 
these proposals and acquaint Doct' Smith therewith, he will in 
my behalf and according to my Instructions given to him dircet 
m the suiting of your cargoes and what quantity of money is 
to be ordered for my use to Mr. Nicholas Hayward. 

YourWff. 

July i8th, 1687. ; 
Mr. Nicholas Hayward: 

Sir, I have been so large and troublesome in my severall 
former this year that now I think it high time to leave off, only 
desire to acquaint you that yesterday there was an Essay made 
to Survey your land upon the finishing the first line whereof at 



QZL .HO JHVTIT MAlJJrW JO fiMHTT^J 

er. ^^tkHo omB?. ^d' liji'.v tgomi.i -bfjIiKe.fci Jtlvjih /. ii'u.'H. .fallal 






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.LnjiW(fcri BKionai/'-i ,Ti*i oJ aeu '^lo loi uyuiiiu »d oJ 



140 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

your corner tree upon Potomack River, your brother Sam my- 
self and some others drank your health, in Running the second 
line either the unskilfullness of the Surveyor, or the badness of 
his Instruments made us come away with the business re in facta, 
the particular relation whereof I am sure you will hear from your 
brother, with this assurance that the next attempt will Succeed 
better, by reason Capt. Brent will effectually perform the same 
& that I believe forthwith. Sir inclosed you'll find three biils of 
Exchange one Duplicate of my former upon Capt. Crosman of 
Liverpool for ^5. 2. 8, another of Mr. Smichs upon Perry & 
Lane for £6 and a third of Capt. Zachary Taylor's upon his 
wife for £2^. I expected these to be larger and some others 
amounting in the whole to /^So but the lowness of Tob" has dis- 
appointed my expectations. By this time I presume Sir you 
Know whether those seats of Mr. Ashtons are to be disposed & 
upon what terms if they or either of them sell then the above 
money will make part of the payment and I must request your 
kindness in depositing the remainder upon the terms & Security 
as I proposed in my first letter, but if neither of them will sell 
then please to lay out my money in the Plate under written. 
Your last letter to Capt Brent gives us the welcome assurance of 
your full certainty of your brother's health and welfare the con- 
tinuance of which to you both is sincerely wish'd you. I have 
charged a note upon you to Mr. Thomas Harris Habadasher ^5 
sterling, if he comes with the note and you have so much money 
of mine in your hands ready received or undispos'd, please 
answer it. 

The plate: A pair middle sized silver candlesticks. 

A pair of snuflTers & snufT Dish Half a doz. of Trencher Salts 
the remainder in a handsome Silver basin marked W F S. 

Your WfT. 
To Mr. Nicholas Hayward &c. 



July i8th, 1687. 
Dear Brother: 

My former letters p. Burnham Pensax &c. I hope before this 
time you have received, and if you still continue your desire & 
my wishes of coming here I am assured you have been busie in 
negotiating those proposals there mentioned for your advanta- 



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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 141 

geous and credible voyage ana continued Interest. Tob' still 
continues as low as ever and rather lower for which reason the 
best of my endeavours cannot possibly procure the sum desired, 
nor any thing equivalent to it, if I could I would have you assure 
yourself neither will nor endeavour should be wanting to supply 
your present occasions. Our Sister has had two or three tits of 
a feaver and ague which nowe has left her & so consequently her 
seasoning over and herself pretty hearty and well & only now 
desires her own husband's company. She desires to have her 
due respects presented to yourself & Lady. If you obtain any 
of those places, I proposed in my former letter, and by that 
means can give me the wish'd for enjoyment of your most desired 
company you had best bring in an ordinary Calash with you 
and I will find you horses to draw it with I suppose you may 
easily procure one of some Gentleman of the horse to a person 
of quality & by furnishing it with double gear, it would be a long 
time serviceable and that way of procuring little chargeable, this 
I only advise don't urge. I have nothing at present farther to 
add than to assure you we are all well praised be God, and the 
same is hoped for of you by 

Dearest &c. Your WfT. 
To Capt. Henry Fitzhugh &c. ,,..,', 



July ist, 1687. 
Mr. John Cooper: 

Sir I have once by Burnham writ you already, the Scarce- 
ness of freight this year would not admit me the opportunity of 
consigning you any Tob" which I fully resolved upon & for that 
little money the lowness of Tob" would give no opportunity of 
procuring. I did not think it needfull to trouble you with the 
receipt seeing it is there to be paid away by Mr. Nic' Hayward 
and no goods or other things to be purchased with it, & there- 
fore have desired him to receive it, for I do not love to create 
trouble without profit, next year if the commodity gives encour- 
agement you shall be sure early both to hear and receive con- 
signm'ts from me therefore pray Sir, let me receive advise from 
you by the first opportunity & therein you will oblige 

Sir your VVff. 



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142 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

July 1st, 1687. 
Brother Smith : - _:' . 

I take this last opportunity by way of London to acquaint 
you that now praised be God we are all in good health, my Sis- 
ter has had her Seasoning, if it may be so called, two or three 
fits of a feaver & ague which almost a week since has left, but 
yet she is a little indisposed to write and therefore by this desires 
to have her true love and due respects presented to you. Sir I 
hope you have taken care in that affair of Mr. Clayton's of Liv- 
erpool, and crops this year will be very indifferent, the time of 
planting according to act being now expired, & in no places of 
the country full crops pitch' d and in most places not half crops, 
make what profitable use you can of this advice, for I can assure 
you it is very certain. Pray let me hear from you not only by 
all but by the first opportunity with what advice, occurrence o( 
affairs there offer and therein you will much oblige. Please to 
mind the things Sent for by you, as also to add a large looking 
glass with an olive wood frame & a pewter cistern. 

Your Wff 
To Doci' Ralph Smith &c. 



July ist, 1687. 
Cousin Harris: 

I take this opportunity of resaluting yourself and good wife 
only for an inclosure of his note upon Mr. Nicholas Hayward 
for ;{^5 sterling which I presume he will pay upon sight the 
money I would desire you to deliver to my mother to assist her 
in her present occasions. 

I suppose before this you have received the three pounds of 
Mr. Storke & delivered it to her. 

Please present my duty to her begging her pardon for not 
writing to her at this time having already four times this year 
written, health and prosperity is wisht to you & yours. Mr. 
Nicholas Hayward. Pay or cause to be paid to Mr. Thos. Har- 
ris Haberdasher or order five pounds sterling and place it to the 
acct. of Wff. 

To Mr. Thos. Harris Haberdasher. 



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154 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Instruction? to Governor Yeardley, 1618. 

George Yeardley, after serving some time in the English forces in 
the Low Countries, came to \'irginia in 1609, and was elected Gover- 
nor by the Company in i6tS, being the first occupant of that office 
who had had experience as a planter in the Colony. His administra- 
tion marked an important change in the policy of the London Com- 
pany, and he brought with him instructions to grant too acres of land to 
each of the old settlers who had been in the country before and during the 
time of Sir Thomas Dale, and fifty acres to each person w'ho should come 
into Virginia with intent to settle. He was also instructed to summon 
a legislative assembly, which, meeting in 1619, was the first assemblage 
of representatives of the people ever held on the American continent. 

The year of Yeardley's appointment, 161S, is notable for the deaths of 
two persons intimately associated with the early settlement, Raleigh 
and Powhatan. During Yeardley's administration the first importation 
of negro slaves was made. 

These Instructions are printed from the Randolph MSS now in pos- 
session of the Virginia Historical Society. 

The Treasurer ayid company of adventurers and Planters of the 
city of Loyidoyi for the first Colony in Virgifda. To Captain 
George Yeardley Elect Governor of Virginia and to the coini- 
cil of state therein being or to be greeting. 

Our former cares and endeavours have been chiefly bsnt to the 
procuring and sending people to plant in V^irginia so to prepare 
a way and to lay a foundation whereon a flourishing stale mij^ht 
in process of time by the blessing of Almighty God be raised. 
Now our trust being that under the government of you Captain 
Yeardley with the advice and assistance of the said council of 
state such publick Provisions of corn and cattle will again be 
raised as may draw on those multitudes who in great abundance 
from divers parts of the Realm were preparing to remove thither 
if by the late decay of the said publick store their hopes had not 
been made frustrate and their minds thereby clean discouraged. 
We have thought good to bend our present cares and consulta- 
tions according to the authority granted unto us from his majesty 
under his great Seal to the settling thereof a laudable form of 
Government by Magistracy and just laws for the Happy guiding 



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INSTRUCTIONS TO GOVERNOR VEARDLEV. 155 

and governing of the people there inhabiting hke as we have 
already done for the well ordering of our own courts here and 

. of our officers and actions for the behoof of that Plantation. 

•. And because our intent is to ease all the Inhabitants of Virginia 

! forever of all Taxes and publick burthens as may be and to take 
away all occasion of oppression and corruption, we have thought 
fit to begin (according to the laudable example of the most fa- 
mous commonwealths both past and present) to alot and lay out 

^ a convenient portion of publick lands for the maintainance and 
support as well of Magistracy and officers as of other publick 
charges both here and there from time to time arising. We 

■ therefore the said Treasurer and company upon a solemn treaty 
and resolution, and with the advice, consent, and assent with 
his majesty's council here of Virginia being assembled in a great 
and general court of the council and company of adventurers 
for Virginia, require you the said governor and council of state 

, there to put in Execution with all convenient speed a former or- 
der of our courts (which had been commended also to Captain 

; Argall at his making Deputy Governor) for the selling and lay- 
ing out by bounds and metes of three thousand acres of Land 
in the best and most convenient place of the Territories of James 
Town in Virginia and near adjoining to the Said Town to be the 
Land and Seat of the Governor of Virginia for the time being 
and his successors and to be called by the name of the Gover- 
nor's Land which Governor's Land shall be of the freed g'-ounds 
^y the common Labour of the people sent thither at the Compa- 
ny 's Charges and of the Lands formerly conquered or purchased 

, of the Paspeheies and of other grounds next adjoining. In like 
?,ort we require you to set and lay out by Bounds and metes 
.other three thousand acres of good land within the Territory of 

/James Town which shall be convenient. And in such Place or 
Places as in your Discretions you shall find meet which latter 
three thousand acres shall be and so called the company's Land. 
And we Require you Captain Yeardley that immediately upon 
your arrival you take unto you the guard assigned to Captain 
Argal at his going Deputy Governor or since by him assum'd 

^to be of your Guard for the better defence of your Government 
and that as well the said Guard as also fifty other Persons now 
sent and transported with you you place as tenants on the said 



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.:.: I ;-' o:\ij--'!^^J rbii'v/ br.^A r-'rw 

-j_ "., •3.!: .o "Dodf.l nonimoD ar; -{'i 

b^?,i>'rio'Uli.i 1< O? -J). flK.i on. ..' '•ti;: ^»Ajir.;!') c' yn 

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156 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

governor's Land and that all other persons heretofore trans- 
ported at the common charge of the company since the coming 
away of Sir Thomas Dale Knight late Deputy Governor be 
placed as Tenants on the Governor's and companie's lands shall 
occupy the same to the half part of the profits of the said Lands 
so as the one half to be and belong to the said Tenants them- 
selves and the other half respectively to the said Governor and 
to us the said Treasurer and company and our Successors. 

And we further will and ordain that of the half profits arising 
out of the said companies Lands and belonging to the said 
Treasurer and company the one moiety be employed for the en- 
tertainment of the said Councils of State there residing and of 
other publick officers of the general Colony and Plantation 
(besides the Governor) according to the proportion as hereafter 
we shall express and in the mean time as you in your discretions 
shall think meet. And the other moiety be carefully gathered 
kept and shipped for England for the publick use of us the said 
Treasurer and company and our successors. And we will and 
ordain that out of the half profits of the said companies Lands 
to us belonging one fifth part be deducted and allotted for the 
wages of the Bailifis and other officers which shall have the over- 
sight and government of the said Tenants and Lands and the 
Dividing gathering keeping or shipping of the particular moiety 
of the profits belonging Either to the said council and officer 
there or to us the said Treasurer and company and our succes- 
sors as aforesaid. Provided always that out of the said com- 
panies Lands a sufficient part be exempted ar d reserved for the 
securing and wintering of all sorts of Cattle which are or shall 
bo the publick stock and store of the said company. And foras- 
much as our intent is to establish our equal Plantations whereof 
we shall speak afterwards be reduced into four cities or Boroughs 
namely the chief city called James Town, Charles City, Henrico, 
and the Borough of Kiccotan. And that in all those foresaid 
cities or Boroughs the ancient adventurers and Planters which 
were transported thither with Intent to Inhabit at their own costs 
and charges before the coming away of Sir Thomas Dale, Knight, 
and have so continued during the space of three years, shall have 
upon a first Division to be afterwards by us augmented one 
hundred acres of Land for their personal adventure and as much 






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f •■ 1:i:>':mj;. .' oJ 



"l^"^ IxNSTRUCTIONS TO GOVERNOR YEARDLEY. 157 

for every single share of twelve pounds ten shillings paid for 
such share allotted and set out to be held by them their Heirs 
and assigns forever. 

And that tor all such planters as were brought tnither at the 
Company's charge to Inhabit there before the coming away of 
the said Sir Thomas Dale after the time of their service to the 
Company on the common Land agreed shall be expired there be 
set out one hundred acres of Land for each of their Personal 
adventure to be held by them their Heirs and assigns for ever 
paying for every fifty acres the yearly free Rent of one shilling to 
the said Treasurer and company and their successors at one en- 
tire payment on the feast day of Saint Michaels the Archangel 
forever. And in regard that by the singular Industry and vir- 
tue of the said Sir Thomas Dale the former Difficulties and 
Dangers were in greatest part overcome to the great ease and 
security of such as have been since that time transported thither. 
we do therefore hereby ordain that all such persons as since the 
coming away of the said Sir Thomas Dale have at their own 
charges been transported thither to Inhabit and so continued as 
aforesaid there be allotted and set out at first Division fifty acres 
of Land to them and their Heirs forever for their Personal ad- 
venture paying a free Rent of one shilling yearly in m.anner 
aforesaid and that all persons which since the going away of 
the said Sir Thomas Dale have been transported thither at the 
company's charges or which hereafter shall be so transported 
be placed as Tenants on the company's lands for the term of 
seven years occupy the same to the half part of the profits as 
is above said. We therefore will and ordain that other three 
thousand acres of Land be set out in the fields and Territory of 
Charles City and other three Thousand Acres of Land in the 
fields and Territory of Henrico and other three Thousand Acres 
of Land in the field and Territories of Kiccowtan all which to be 
and be called the company's Lands and to be occupied by the 
Company's Tenants for half profits as aforesaid and that the 
profits belonging to the Company be disposed by their several 
moieties in the same manner as is before set down touching the 
company's Lands in the Territory of James Town with like 
allowance to the BailifiTs and reservation of ground for the com- 
mon store of cattle in those several places as is there set down. 



1 j't ijiij] ogntli;f!<? ijrjJ libnoori -"^-v .'•:'.•; l "lo :>'7«;lfe 'I'-r-'^ .,>.-...^ ,,-,. 
mIJ J'- TtjtiMfST ;ri^;lJ<''0 -^i*}-;' ;'f; i^i*; •■■«'•:; .r>U': ]i£ -iC'- I*..*.! {vD/'l 

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Tjv? ■;-..; K/i>;i-''i*, bni; ■'i;i:>i\ -it^rlj cri-?.*: /-: ijI-.jI --o .' ii-jnd'r.'br; 

:;i/s '^^ii-d^hi.-i !:..tfii'.'i s': -iB'J ■'1. ■ •■'. ; ^ -: :■.:;) -io :•.;) 

:-.':; '! '..M. ^!;>v;. ;]-:-.; ' . ^' ■ ; - •';:^/. • ';:mi:.G 

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• '■ lijLi^ li;. '', w fii^i.i'.; ■ V. ■ >:. -:t'ii oti yvi 

..til,' ^.-■^iH):'' >' 'iir*' i.'i> '^ - ;.! !" Vf'-'- ivhUTj^o 

?''•!•>£ •.';;,'')! ;..-i7-*'} ]"'.:] i.. !«' • tj-- i-'-: \-3^ ■ '■'■ ■. .' '' ''".:.'::>'io;>. 

ji) yt.,\.: •"■.d:-.- .-:!..i-'-ci ;■;, ij.d) h/.- IVM.'.aiolf. 

Vi! T "^' .■'.:..: rvu-i 'l-' .£rn.;ilT ^..^ Lik,: 'h^J 

■■;, ..V •:^u i;;:-c, I'^nhV:: ^ :'.:■''■•■!; -.o ; -j r:.i.. > ' .-fr: ;,tio:) 

'- ■" ' - .' ' .-iifqmnj >ri: I'lr; ■■ ; ;.-,!. jT ?., i" ^:u iq 3d 

■ 1 lit jua r.^<^-- :'<■! h:ii J t^;. < )"j.;i. bnJ,':.iJodi 

•jijorn, fyiflt I'rH;" bi!t; "ti'j K'^-iJiiirj 
» hne-oO'.insH !" '. :■ '\'V':<1 L.'ig lib!'?.': 



158 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

And our will is that such of the companies Tenants as all ready 
inhabit in those several! cities or Burroughs be not removed to 
any other city or Burrough, but placed on the companies Lands 
belonging to those cities and Burroughs where they now Inhabit. 
Provided always that it" any private person without fraud or 
Injurious intent to the publick at his own charges have freed any 
of the said lands formerly appointed to the Governor he may 
Inhabit and continue there till a valuable recompense be made 
him for his said charges and we do hereby ordain that the 
Governors house in James Town first built by Sir Thomas 
Gates Knight at the charges and by the Servants of the Com- 
pany, and since Enlarged by others by the very same means, 
be and continue lor ever the Governor's house any pretended 
undue Grant made by misinformation and not in as general and 
Quarter Court to the Contrary in any wise notwithstanding. 
And to the intent that Godly learned and painful Ministers may 
be placed there for the Service of Almighty God and for the 
Spiritual Benefit and Comfort of the people, we further will 
and ordain that in every of those cities or Boroughs the several 
Quantity of One Hundred Acres of Land be set out in Quality 
of Glebe Land toward the maintainance of the Several ministers 
of the Parishes to be there limitted. And for a further supply of 
their maintenance there be raised a yearly standing and certain 
contribution out of the profits growing or renewing within the 
several farms of the said parish and so as to make the living of 
every minister two hundred Pounds sterling per annum or more 
as here after there shall be cause And for a further ease to the 
Inhabitants of all taxes and contributions to support and for the 
Entertainment of the particular magistrates and officers and of 
all other charges to the said cities and Boroughs respectively 
belonging. 

We likewise will and ordain that within the precincts or Terri- 
tories of the said cities and Boroughs shall be set out and aloted 
the several Quantities of fifteen hundred Acres of Land to be 
the common Land of the said city or Borough for the uses afore- 
said and to be known and called by the name of the city's or 
Borough's Land. And whereas by a special grant and license 
from his majesty a general contribution over this Realm hath 
been made for the building and planting of a college for the 



.3 >: J.\ A V? A U . 1 >. J 1 « O I> I H A I /. I .O >l 1 7 



8ei 






in] 



INSTRUCTIONS TO GOVERXOR YEARDLEY. 159 

training- up of the children of those Infidels in true Religion 
moral virtue and civility and for other Godly uses. We do there- 
fore according to a former grant and order hereby ratify, confirm 
and ordain that a convenient place be chosen and set out for the 
planting of a University at the said Henrico in time to come, and 
that in the mean time preparation be there made for the building 
the said college for the children of the Infidels accordmg to such 
Instructions as we shall deliver. And we will and ordain that 
ten Thousand acres partly of the Lands they impaled and partly 
of other Land within the territory of the said Henrico be allotted 
and set out for the Endowing of the said University and college 
with sufficient possessions. 

Whereas also we have by order of court heretofore in consid- 
eration of the long good and faithful service done by you Cap- 
tain George Yeardley in our said colony and plantation of Vir- 
ginia. And in reward thereof and also in regard of two single 
shares in money paid into our Treasury granted unto you the 
said Captain Yeardley all that parcel of Marsh Ground called 
Weynock and also our other piece and parcel of Land adjoining 
to the said Marsh called by the natives Konwan one parcel 
whereof abutteth upon a creek there called Mapsock towards 
the east and the other parcel thereof towards a creek there 
called Queen's Creek on the West and extendeth in Breadth to 
landward from the head of Said Creek called Mapsock up to the 
head of the Said Creek called Queen's Creek (which Creek 
called Queen's Creek is opposite to the point there which is now 
called Tobacco point and abutteth South upon the River and 
North to the Landward) all which Several Lands are or shall be 
henceforward accounted to be lying within the Territory of the 
said Charles City and exceed not the Quantity of two thousand 
and two hundred acres. We therefore the Treasurer and com- 
pany do hereby again grant, ratify and confirm unto you the 
said Captain George Yeardley the said grounds and lands to you 
the said Captain George Yeardley your Heirs and assigns for- 
ever. And for the better encouragement of all sorts of neces- 
sary and laudable trades to be set up and exercised within the 
said your cities or Boroughs. We do hereby ordain that if any 
artizan or Tradesman shall be desirous rather to follow his par- 
ticular Art or Trade than to be employed in Husbandry or other 



€51 ■/•uu>i/.:iy «'r/:>i:^7Ci;. .»i -;/i>j r-);j;i r^v;; 

noi^i'":'^ •;;:;• :. ' '" I ?<><>ili s^ ■'■"■. ■'• ', 'i., ■■:'■■'. ,.->\ 

r»rtJ to I ■ ■ 'o be a 

bni; .'^iiu . r .. ..;;;fi;si(J 

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vij i:-; :fi ■.■i':».!j (■.•'>"'0f. iutf^i^-Mir net) 

htj r'^'.mt'j -trfj njiii.f/' (:;;■■!(:,' i-jriJo to 

.:- '■:;,^" :■ •.-) (n-:o1hjH rljiw 

^o^yd! f)-r;;w3'r n; ■■•■■■■' ''"f^j 
! ;j>rii f;f; v -j ! Dt f r "'■:'' ,^ 

iiK -j^Miq "iljHjO TLfO / 






-fT- Mi sW 



160 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. ,. 161 

rural business It shall be lawful for you the said governor and 
council to alot and set out within any of the precincts aforesaid 
one dwelling House with four acres of Land adjoining, and held 
in fee simple to every said Tradesman his heirs and Assigns for- 
ever upon condition that the said Tradesman his heirs and as- 
signs do continue and exercise his Trade in the said House pay- 
ing only the free rent of four pence per year at the feast of Saint 
Michael the Archangel for ever, to us the said Treasurer and 
company and our Successors. And touching all other particular 
Plantations set out or like to be set out in convenient multitudes 
either by divers of the ancient adventurers associating themselves 
together (as the Society of Smiths Hundred and Martin's Hun- 
dred) or by some ancient adventurer or Planter associating others 
unto him (as the plantation of Captain Samuel Argall and cap- 
tain John Martin and that by the late Lord Lawar advanced) or 
by some new adventurers joining themselves under one head (as 
the plantation of Christopher Lawne Gentleman and others now 
in providing) our intent being according to the rules of Justice 
and good government to alot unto every one his due yet so as 
neither to breed disturbance to the right of others, nor to inter- 
rupt the good form of government intended for the benefit of the 
people and strength of the colony. We do therefore will and 
ordain that of the said particular plantations none be placed within 
five miles of the said former cities and Boroughs and that if any 
man out of his own presumption or pleasure without special di- 
rection from us hath heretofore done otherwise a convenient time 
be assigned him and them by your direct'ons to remove to some 
farther place by themselves to be chosen with the allowance and 
assent of the governor for the time being and the council of State. 
And that the Inhabitants of the said city or Borough too near 
unto which he or they were placed make him or them a valuable 
recompense for their charges and expence of time in freeing of 
grounds and Building within those precincts. In like sort we 
ordain that no latter particular plantation shall at any time here- 
after be seated within ten miles of the former. We also will and 
ordain that no particular plantation be or shall be placed strag- 
lingly in the divers places to the weakening of them but be 
united together in one seat and Territory that so also they may 
be incorporated by us into one body corporate and live under 



axjXAOAj/i jjkjixorziH /mitixiv 091 



!i;..' i:(;f; vff.'iQdJO'j 



IN'STRUCTIONS TO GOVERNOR YEARDLEY. 161 

equal and like law and orders with the rest of the colony. We 
will and ordain also lor the preventing ot all fraud in abusing of 
our grants contrary to the Intent and just meaning of them, That 
all such persons as have procured or hereafter shall procure grants 
from us in general words unto themselves and their associates or 
to like effect shall within one year at"ter the date hereof deliver 
up to us in writing under their hands and seals as also unto you 
the said governor and council what be or were the names of 
those their first associates. And if they be of the adventurers 
of us the Company which have paid into our Treasury money 
for their shares that then they Express in that their writing for 
how many shares they join in the said particular Plantation to 
the End a Due proportion of Land may be set out unto them, 
and we the said Treasurer and company be not defrauded of our 
Due. And if they be not of the adventurers of the company 
which have paid into our Treasury money for their shares yet 
are gone to inhabit there and so continue for three years, there 
be allotted and set out fifty acres of Land for every such person 
paying a free rent of twelve pence the year in manner aforesaid 
all such persons having been planted there since the coming 
away of Sir Thomas Dale. 

And forasmuch as we understand that certain persons having 
procured such grants in general words to themselves and their 
associates or to like effect have corruptly of late endeavoured for 
gain and worse respects to draw many of the Ancient Planters of 
the said four Cities or Boroughs to take grants also of them and 
thereby to become associated unto them with intent also by such 
means to overstrengthen their party and thereupon have ad- 
ventured on divers enormous courses tending to the great hurt 
and hindrance of the Colony, Yea and have also made grants of 
like association to Masters of Ships and mariners. never intended 
there to Inhabit, thereby to defraud his majesty of the customs 
due unto him. We to Remedy and prevent such unlawful and 
greedy courses tending also directly to faction and sedition Do 
hereby ordain that it shall not be lawful lor the Grantees of such 
grants to associate any other unto them but such as were their 
associates from the first time of the said Grants without the 
express license of us the said Treasurer and company in a Great 
General and Quarter Court under our Seal obtained. And that 



Ictf .Y3J(l H/:.T / \ACiy.A^^< 'O OT rt/fiiroUJfTc^Xl 






i;o'{ oin.'j o&l« i-fi <:u,-j>. hiui H^nnii ii\i<\' trj!')!,.' ;./;t.;-!^; ui hU 03 <^iij 

•luo otni biru; '».';(;({ ihid'tJ ■■^civ.qan: J vi'.li \f::>'io 
■' :r]/;ji v?il] U3c\) ii;fi: ■ .:i:;:r; i/:>!lj lol 

o; fio'iKjnai" •; orl; n' '.oi y^rl] ?,f.--M.;('' vfii.ai wofi 

. hni. ;■;,■;*- r-t'^ r !\..-. : :(r -^w brrfi 

iVO ujnj bioq -("rr' 'i""'^v? 

.'. . v: .,-.' ■■ ■ '■ .y •«:->;!; '!^^■:.;'^.: 

.:;iKJ ftj-,i: 
- ' •■ ' :-■ : ' 'JO Ik.r'i hex!'- '->!_> j-n J f>v; r-js .. 

io ynern va~.ib ol r:}ri^vn.-:n y^-\i 
■■■■■-■ Q1 rA'JJIn-.oH -10 ;^'>ijD "I. - 

-■> auoffnono c^\>'.J::.' 



162 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

all such after and under grants of Association made or to be 
made by the said Grantees shall be to all Intents and purposes 
utterly void, and for as much as we understand that divers par- 
ticular persons (not members of our Company) with their com- 
panies have provided or are providing to remove into \''irginia 
with intent (as appeareth) by way of Association to shroud 
themselves under the general grants last aforesaid — which may 
tend to the great disorder of our colony and hinderance of the 
good government which we desire to establish. We do there- 
fore hereby ordain that all such persons as of their own will and 
authority shall remove into Virginia without any grant )rom us 
in a great general and Quarter Court in writing under our Seal 
be deemed (as they are) to be occupiers of our land that is to 
say of the common Lands of us The Treasurer and company, 
and shall yearly pay unto us for the said occupying of our land 
one full fourth part of the profits thereof till such time as the 
same shall be granted unto them by us in manner aforesaid, and 
touching all such as shall be members of our Company and 
adventurers by thei'- moneys into our Treasury, shall either in 
their own persons or by their agents, Tenants or Servants set up 
in Virginia any such particular plantation tho' with the privity of 
us the said Treasurer and Company yet without any grant in 
writing made in our said General Quarter Courts as is requisite. 
We will and ordain that the said Adventurers and Planters Shall 
within two year after the arrival of them or their company in 
Virginia, procure our grant in writing to be made in our general 
Quarter Court and under our seal of the Land by them possessed 
and occupied, or from thence forth shall be deemed only occu- 
piers of the Common Land. 

As is aforesaid till such times as our said Grant we also not 
more intending the reformation of the errors of the said 
than for advancing of them into good courses, and therein to 
assist them by all good means. 

We further hereby ordain that to all such of the said particular 
as shall truly fully observe the orders afore and here- 
after specified there be alotted and set out over and above our 
former Grants one Hundred Acres of Glebe Land for the minis- 
ter of every and fifteen hundred acres of Borough Land 
for the publick use of the said Plantation, not intending yet 



: i\/Aff.if. :i A>i flo ! ;.i H A. ivsioa tv 



. r.).i(1v. ,■ 






[Rvi-nf; SJifi -.5.iU> 



, i>rvf>J ruvfTurjoJ 



INSTRUCTIONS TO GOVERNOR VEARDLEV. 163 

hereby either to abridge or enlarge such Grant of Glebe or com- 
mon Land as shall be made in any of our grants in writing to 
any of the said particular plantations. We also will and ordain 
that the like proportion oi maintainance out of the and 

profits of the Earth be made for the several ministers of the said 
particular plantations as have been before set down for the 
ministers of the said former cities and Boroughs. 

VVe will and ordain that the governor for the time being and 
the said Council of State do justly perform or cause to be per- 
form all such grants, covenants and Articles as have and shall 
be in writing in our great and General Quarter Courts to any of 
the said particular plantations. Declaring all other grants of 
Lands in Virginia not made in one of our great and General 
Quarter Courts by force of his Majesty's Letters patents to be 
void, and to the end aforesaid we will and ordain that all our 
grants in writing under our Seal made in our great and general 
Quarter Courts be entered into 3'our Records to be kept there in 
Virginia. Yet directly forbidding that a charter of Land granted 
to Captain Samuel Argall and his associates bearing Date the 
twentieth of March. 1616, be entered in your Records or other- 
wise at all respected for as much as the same was obtained by 
slight and cunning and afterwards upon suffering him tq go 
Governor of Virginia was by his own voluntary act left in our 
custody to be cancelled upon grant of a new charter which 
We do also hereby declare that heretofore in one of our said 
general and Quarter Courts we have ordained and enacted and 
in this present court have ratified and confirmed these orders 
and Laws following. That all Grants of Lands priviledges and 
Liberties in Virginia hereafter to be made be passed by Inden- 
ture a counterpart whereof to be sealed by the and to 
be kept the companies evidences and that the 
Secretary of the Company have the Engrossing of all such 
Indentures. 

That no Patents or Indentures of Grants of Lands in Virginia 
be made and sealed but in a full general and Quarter Court the 
same having been first throughly perused and approved under 
the hands of a select committee for that purpose. 

That all grants of in Virginia to such adventurers 

as have heretofore brought in their money here to the Treasury 



iQi 



■ .' ao/L'A3'^00 OT «>! 



-H 






3Q9ii ad 



Sri) 



164 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

for their several shares being of Twelve Pound ten shillings the 
share be of one hundred acres the sh:ire upon the first Division 
and of as many more upon a Second Division when the Land of 
the first Division shall be sufficiently peopled. And lor every 
person which they shall transport thither within seven years after 
midsummer day one thousand six hundred and eighteen, if 
he continue there three years or die in the mean time after he is 
shipped it be fifty acres the person upon the first division and 
fifty more upon a second Division, the first being sufiiciently peo- 
pled without paying any rent to the company for the one or the 
other and that in all such grants the names of the said adventu- 
rers and the several numbers ot each of their shares be expressed. 

Provided always and it is ordained that if the said adventurers 
or any of them do not truly and etTectually within one year next 
after the sealing of the said grant pay or discharge all such sums 
of money wherein by subscription (or otherwise upon notice 
thereof given from the auditors) they stand indebted to the com- 
pany, or if the said adventurers or any of them having not law- 
ful Right either by purchase from the company or by assignment 
from some other former adventurers within one year after the 
said Grant or by special gift of the company upon merit preced- 
ing in a full Quarter Court to so many shares as he or they pre- 
tend, Do not within one year after the said grant satisfie and 
pay to the said Treasurer and company for every Share so want- 
ing after the rate of twelve pounds ten shillings the share that 
then the said grant for so much as concerneth the Part 

and all the shares ot the said persons so behind and not satisfy- 
ing as aforesaid shall be utterly void. 

Provided also and it is ordained that the Grantees shall from 
time to time during the said seven years make a true certificate 
to the said Treasurer council and company from the chief officer 
or officers of the places respectively of the number names, ages. 
Sex, Trades and conditions of every such persons so transported 
or shipped to be entered by the Secretary into a Register Book 
"for that purpose to be made. That for all persons not com- 
prised in the order next before which during the next seven 
years after Midsummer day, 1618, shall go into Virginia with 
intent there to inhabit if they continue there three years or dye 
after they are shipped, there shall be a Grant made of fifty acres 



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IXSTRUCTIOXS TO GOVERNOR YEARDLEY. 165 

for every person upon a first division and as many more upon a 
second division (the first being peopled) which grants to be made 
respectively to such persons and their Heirs at whose charges 
the said persons going to inhabit in Virginia shall be transported 
with reservation of Twelve pence yearly Rent for every fifty 
acres to be answered to the said Treasurer and company, and 
their Successors for ever after the first Seven Years of everv such 
grant. In which Grants a provisoe to be incerted that the 
grantees shall from time to time during the said seven years 
make a true certificate to the said Treasurer Council and Com- 
pany from the chief officer or officers of Places respectively of 
the number, ages, names, sex, Trades and conditions of every 
such person so transported or shipped to be entered by the 
Secretary into a register Book for that purpose to be made that 
all grants as well the one sort as the other respectively be made 
with equal favours and grants of like Liberties and immunities 
as near as may be to the End that all complaint of partiality 

diflferencie may be prevented all which said orders and we 
hereby will and ordain to be firmly and unviolably kept and ob- 
served and thar the Inhabitants have notice of them for their 
use and Benefit. 

Lastly we do hereby require and authorize you the said Cap- 
tain George Yeardley and the said Council of State, associating 
with you such others as you shall there find meet to survey or 
cause to be surveyed all the Lands and Territories in Virginia 
above mentioned, and the same to set out by'Bounds and Metes 
especially so as that the Territories of the said several cities and 
Boroughs and other particular plantations may be conveniently 
divided and known the one from the other. Each survey to be 
set down distinctly in writing and returned to us under your 
hands and Seals. 

In Witness whereof we have hereunto set our common Seals 
given in a great and general Court of the Council of the Com- 
pany of adventurers of Virginia, held the eighteenth day of 
November, 1618, and in the year of the Reign of our Sovereign 
Lord James, by the Grace of God King of England, Scotland, 
France and Ireland Defender of the Faith &c. Vizt of England, 
France and Ireland the Sixteenth and of Scotland the two and 
fiftieth. 



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166 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Causes of Discontent in Virginia, 1676. 

[On January 29th, 1677, there arrived in Virginia, which was still 
in a state of great agitation following upon the collapse of the popular 
movement, a conmiission, composed of Sir John Berry, who had come 
over as admiral oi the t^eet, and Herbert Jeffreys and Francis Moryson, 
who were in command of the regiment of English soldiers sent out to 
put a summary ending to the insurrection. The three commissioners 
brought over with them a full set of instructions to guide them in their 
action. Of these instructions, which covered a wide ground, tiie fifth 
opened as follows: "Yon shall intbrm yourselves of all Grievances 
in Generall." In accord with this order, the commissioners " inquired 
into and took the complaints at large of the respective Countyes of 
Virginia in writing."' These " complaints " throw, perhaps, the clearest 
light upon the mi.xed causes which led up to the uprising under the 
leadership of Bacon, and are, therefore, of extraordinary historical 
value. The appended paper contains the "Grievances" of Glou- 
cester county, copy of the original, which is in the British State Paper 
Office, Colonial Department, is among the Winder MSS, Va. State 
Library. See Vol. TI, p. 44S.] 

; ,- _ GLOSTER COUNTY. ;, ',, . . 

I. Grievayices. — A complaint that the Imposicion of 2 s. p. 
hogshead laid 17 years since on Tobacco shipt in this Country 
is a Grievance, unlesse it may bee imployed to the uses pre- 
tended when first rajsed. 

1. Answer. — Wee humbly conceive it reasonable that an 
account be render'd to the Assembly ( wch wee take to be the 
Body representative of the Country) of the overplus of this Im- 
posicion, above the 1000 £ p. annum to the Governor for the 
tyme being: and we hold the continuance of this Law most fit 
and necessary being made by the country and confirmed by his 
majestie. 

2. G. — They complain of the 60 lb., p. pole as a Pressure that 
occasioned ye first Discontents among the people. They began 
an account and Restitution. 

2. A. — This has been fully answered not only to them selves 
while wee were upon the place, but upon the frequent complaints 
in the foregoing grievances. 



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CAUSES OF DISCONTENT IN VIRGINIA. 167 

3. G. — A complaint that within 14 or 15 months past, there 
hath beene neere 300 Christian persons barbarously murthered 
by the Indians, and that the Forts erected and other provision 
assygned was wholly insufficient to the end intended and that this 
was occasion of the peoples rising in armes lor their own Pre- 
servation without comand or pmission of their Superiors and 
gave oportunity to the Rebell Bacon to head them, who being 
among them reputed a witt was by the vulgar adhered to, and 
having obtained and published his Forced comission to the seve- 
rall countyes as freely granted him by the consent of the Grand 
Assembly Many People were ignorantly deluded & drawn into 
his Party that thought of noe other designe than the Indian 
Warr onely most of which persons (though never soe Innocent) 
were prosecuted with Regour, of which with the 111 Management 
of this Warr, they complaine as Grievances. 

3. ^-/.— This has reference to Our Generall Narrative and con- 
firms some particulars of it. wherefore wee thought it necessary 
to recite this article the more at large, and humbly refer the 
same to his Majesties Royal consideration as being matter of 
fact, of the Truth where of wee are well satisfied. 

4. G. — That severall Grievances being presented to the June 
Assembly (1676) upon which many good Lawes were consented 
to by that Assembly before the Rebell Bacon came and inter- 
rupted the same, they Beg those good and wholesome Lawes 
may be confirmed. 

4. A. — Those Lawes at that tyme Enacted are since annul'd 
and order' d to be Repealed by his Majestie; however if any of 
them be Lawes fitt to be revived for the Publique good they may 
be again propounded to their Burgesses for reenacting. 

5. G. — A complaint that in the time of the late Rebellion the 
Rebells have plundered divers mens estates, they Pray that the 
Assembly will take some course for restitution of what is to be 
found in Specie. 

5. A. — This was accordingly referred to the Assembly. 

6. G. — A complaint that some particular persons neere ab' 
the Governor having Commission to Plunder the late Rebells 
have misemployed that Power' to Imprisonm't of the p'sons and 
Rifling the Estates of divers of his Majesties good subjects; 



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168 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

converting the same to their Ovvn private uses, in which they beg- 
Redresse. 

6. A. — This complaint is not untrue for in the time of the late 
Rebellion, when all that were not with the Governor (but stay'd 
at home at their own plantations to bee secure & quiet) were 
accounted Rebells and treated as such. Especially those that 
Kept any Guard at their houses though but for self Preservation 
agt the Indians on the ffrontier parts, and comitted noe other 
acts of hostility. 

7. (r. — A complaint against Major Robert Beverly, that when 
this country had (according to order) raised 60 armed men to 
be an out-guard for the Governor: who not finding the Gover- 
nor nor their appointed Commander they were by Beverly 
commanded to goe to work, fall trees and mawl and toat railes, 
which many of them refusing to doe, he presently disarmed them 
and sent them home at a tyme when this Country .vere infested 
by the Indians, who had but a little before cutt off 6 persons in 
one family and attempted others. They beg Reparation ag' the 
said Beverly at.d his Majesties and Governors Pardon for their 
late defections. 

7. A. — Wee conceive this dealing of Beverleys to be a noto- 
rius abuse and Grievance to take away the peoples armes while 
their famiiyes were cutt off by the Indians and that they deserved 
just reparation herein. 

S. G. — They desire the Grand Assembly to take Order that 
the armes & ammunition sent over by his Mat'* to the Country 
may bee proportionally distributed in each county into the hands 
of Persons of trust for the use of the country ag' occasion that 
they may not be lost as they complaine mens armes were for- 
merly us'd to be. 

8. A. — This is in the Assemblies care and a secure magazine 
or storehouse will prevent and remedy the matter complaint of, 
as to losse of armies &c. 

9. G. — A complaint ag't too frequent Assemblyes and the 
high Charges of Burgesses of Assembly. 

9. A. — This remedyed in both particulars by his Majesties 
Express Commands. 



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CAUSES OF DISCONTENT IN VIRGINIA. 169 

10. G. — A complaint of considerable sums of money collected 
for Fort Duties now lying in private men's hands desiring the 
same may be laid out for a Magazine for the good of the Pub- 
lique. 

ID. A. — Wee think it very reasonable, that the Assembly, take 
the account, and doe therein, as is desired; which will answer 
the 8th Article above written. 

11. G. — A complaint that there is a Proclamation prohibiting 
all masters of shipps and merchants from selling any Gunnes or 
ammunitions to the Inhabitants of this Colony, the Indians then 
making daylie Incursions upon them. 

II. A. — This was only a Prohibition (pro tempore) during the 
continuance of the late Rebellion, but wee now conceive they 
have, or may have the Libertie desired as the> had formerly. 
Besides there is now a peace with the Indians which answers the 
conclusion of this Article. 



LOWER NORFOLK COUNTY GRIEVANCES. '"- 

(Winder ?apers, Virginia State Library, Vol. II, page 158) 

I. G. — The desire a fort may bee erected at Point Comfort 
as being the most convenient Place, &c. 

1. A. — Wee are of opinion that a Fort at Point Comfort 
would be very requisite if money and matterialls can be found, 
and men to erect and keepe it. But wee think in our Judgments 
that it is impracticall (when all is done) to build, man or main- 
tain a good Fort there. 

2. G. — A complaint that there has beene Tobacco paid to- 
wards the raising of Magazines besides the Fort-duties taken for 
that use, yet noe Provision made, or account thereof given by 
those intrusted to collect the same. 

2. A. — The Magazines are most necessary and the accounts 
desired reasonable and fit to be given by the Collectors of the 
Tobacco raised and paid for that publick use. 

3. G. — A complaint of the 60'" of Tobacco p pole whereof 
they desire an account. 

3. A. — Answered in other Grievances. 

4. G. — An humble Request that since those of this county 



ITO VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. ^^^ 

have been greate sufferers by, and in no wise the cause of the late 
Rebellion they may be exempt from all publick charge that hath 
ariaen, or may there by arise. 

4. A.—Wte think their is little notice to be taken of this Re- 
quest by us but by the Assembly who are onely concern' d in 
laying Ta.xes there being none imposed by his Ma'" on his ac- 
count nor (as we humbly conceive) none like to be. 

5. G.—A extravigant Request for Liberty to Transport their 
Tobacco to any of his Majesties Plantations without Paying the 
Impost, payable by Act of Parliament &c. 

5. A. — This head is wholly mutinous to desire a thing con- 
trary to his Ma"" Royall pleasure & benefitt and also against an 
Act of Parliam'. 

6. G. — A complaint that it has been the oomon practise of 
this Country to putt persons that are mere strangers into Places 
of great honor, profitt & trust who unduly officiating therein doe 
abuse and wrong the People Sec. as hath been manifest in those 
two grand Rebells Nath: Bacon and Giles Bland who bredd 
great discords among the people: they Pray that for preventing 
the like for time to come this may be Remedyed &c. 

6. A. — This the last Assembly have Remedyed, by an act ag' 
admitting any to bear any Publick Place or office that have not 
been 3 years inhabitants in the country w'" answers the way pre- 
scribed by this article of theirs. 

7. G. — They desire that noe person within the Government of 
Virginia doe sell any ammunition for warr to the Indians. 

7. A. — This must be referr'd to the Articles of Peace as to 
that clause which concerns the restraining or laying open the 
Trade with them, and if Maryland 8cc. be left at liberty in the 
particular and Virginia not, they will ingrosse the Beaver Trade 
and those of Virginia be deprived of that benefit, and the In- 
dians furnished with Powder in as plentifuU a manner as now. 



SURRY COUNTY GRIEVANCES. 
(Winder Papers, Vol. II, page 160, Virginia State Library.) 

I. That ye last assembly continued many yeares and by their 
ffrequent meeting being once every yeare hath been a continuall 



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CAUSES OF DISCONTENT IN VIRGINIA. 171 

charge and burthen to the poor Inhabitants of this Collony; and 
that the burgesses of the said s'^ Assembly had 150'*' tobacco p day 
for each member they usually continueing three or 4 weekes to- 
gither did arise to a great some, And that the said assembly did 
give to severall gentlemen (for what service we know not) great 
somes of tobacco, all which with the publique nessessary charge 
did Raise the Levy to a very great & excessive heith. 

2. That great quant'ties of tobacco was levyed upon ye poore 
Inhabitants of this Collony for the building of houses at James- 
City which were not habitable by reason y'^ were not finished. 

3. That great quantityes of tobacco has been Raised for the 
building of fforts & yett no place of defence in ye Country suffi- 
cient to secure his Majesties poore subjects from the iTury of fTor- 
aine Invaders. 

4. That notwithstanding the great quantities of ammunition 
by the shipps for ffort dutyes for the Countryes service & con- 
siderable somes of tobacco raised to maintaine a magazine yett 
upon all occations wee are forced to provide powder and shott 
att o'' owne perticuler charge or else fyned; 

5. That upon any fforraine Invation wee his Majestyes poore 
subjects are called to James City a place of vast expence and 
extortion upon his Majestyes service and the defence of his Ma- 
jestyes Collony, in which service if wee bee maimed wee are 
utterly ruined as to o*" ffurther subsistance, wee are forced not 
onely to pay o' owne expences but ye expences of o"" Com- 
mannders and thene allso for their service. 

6. That the 2' per hhd Imposed by ye 128'^ act for the pay- 
ment of his majestyes officers & other publique debts thereby to 
ease his majestyes poore subjects of their great taxes: wee hum- 
blely desire that an account may be given thereof. 

7. That severall persons estates are seized and part of them 
taken away before ye owner is convict of any crime notwith- 
standing they laid hold of the honnorable Governor his Acts of 
Indemnity and were admitted to take the oath of allegience to 
his gratious majesty & fydelity to his majestyes Honnorable 
Governor. 

8. That by the assembly in June last wee were Injoyned (upon a 
great penality) to send men armes & provision to that laste 
rebell Nathaniel Bacon Jun' (The Honnorable Governor not con- 






■1.0 









9io«tonnon f .;i ^'^ \T^^\nn\ 



172 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

tradicting itt a'uho itt was some tyme after the s^ Rebell has 
Rebelliously fforced his Commission) to o'' great losse and dam- 
mage: Wee humbly pray that as wee expect no redresse for o"" 
(obedience to the s*^ assembly) for o'' damage then reced, that 
that assembly ma)' not Increase o'' sutTerings by being chargeable 
to us. 

9. That the erecting of fforts together with the slackness of 
prosecuteing ye Indian warr as alsci the subtle Insinuations of 
Nathaniel Bacon Juno'' his pretences has been the cheefe cause of 
the late & unhappy warr. 

10. That it has been the custome of County Courts att the 
laying of the levy to withdraw into a private Roome by w'" 
meanes the poore people not knowing for what they paid their 
levy did allways admire how their taxes could be so high. 

Wee most humbly pray that for .he future the County levy 
may be laid publickly in the Court house. 

11. That wee have been under great exactions of sherifs and 
Clarkes ffees for these severall yeares. The assembly having 
assertained but some fees and left the rest to the breast of the 
County Co'" wee most humbly pray that for the future all clarkes 
and sherifes fees may be assertained and a great penality laid 
upon such as shall exact. 

12. '^hat contrary to the lawes of England and this Country 
high sheriffs have usually continued two yeares and under sheriffs 
3 or 4 yeares together: wee humbly pray that for the future that 
no person may continue she. iffe above one year. 

13. That severall small debts bring in great profhtts to the 
Clarkes Sc sheriffs by reason men are forced to sue for very small 
debts to the some of 200'" tobacco to the great expence of the 
poore debt"" and credito"". Wee humbly desire that a Justice of 
peace of the Coram or who else may be thought fitt may have 
power to grant order for any some under 450'" tobacco & caske 
and likewise execution without further troble to the Court. 

14. That we have not had liberty to choose vestrymen wee 
humbly desire that the whoUe parish may have a free election. 

15. That since his most Gratious Majesty hath been most merci- 
fully pleased to pardon o"" late disloallty wee most earnestly and 
humbly pray that this p''sent grand assembly would make an 



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CAUSES OF DISCONTENT IN VIRGINIA. 173 

Act of Oblivion that no person may be Injured by the provok- 
ing names of Rebell Traitor &. Rogue. 

1 6. That the assembly did levy 60''' tobacco p poole for two 
years together wee know not lor what advantage to us did so 
heithen the levy that the poore people did sink under their bur- 
dens not being able to pay their great taxes & utterly despairing 
of any release from their Greeivous taxes and burthens for the 
future have beene a long tyme much discontented and greeved, 
but being Informed by the honnorable ffrancis Morrison Esq^ one 
of his majestyes commissioners that his most gratious majesty 
has been most gratiously pleased to returne us o' money againe 
by the honnorable Mr. Secretary Ludwell, our greeved harts are 
exceedingly rejoyced & Inlivened and' wee yield his most gra- 
tious and sacred majesty all possible and humble and harty 
thanks ffor his Royall mercyes Humbly praying the honnorable 
Mr. Secretary may give a just account to the assembly of what 
money is due to the country in his hands. 

17. That reson of the late and unhappy warr the Inhabitants 
of this County have not been able to ffollow their callings do 
humblely desire that they may not be sued to the Co" nor laid 
under execution but be forborne their p''sent debts till the next 
Cropp. 

18. That severall men are like to loose sevall somes of tobacco 
v/"^ are just debts out of severall condemned persons & other 
seazed estates. 

Wee humbly pray that all just debts may be pay'^ out of the 
said Estates so seazed. 

19. That ye Indians taken in ye late warr may be made slaves. 
Wee ye subscribed being chosen to p'"sent y'' Greevances of 

Surry County do testifye that ye perticulers afforewritten are the 
Greevances of the said County. 

[signed] Tho: Busby, George Proctor. 



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.inuioj Difc< t^n') io fc-:>oftGV3DiO 



174 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Two Wills of the Seventeenth Century. 



Will of Richard Kemp, 1656. 



The following is an exact copy of the will of Richard Kemp, Secre- 
tary of State of Virginia, recently copied iVoin the original record at 
Somerset House, London. He, it is almost certain, was a son of Rob- 
ert Kemp, Esq., of Gissing. in Norfolk, England; came to Virginia in 
1637, with the office of Secretary, which he states, in a letter printed in 
Sainsbury's Calendar of Colonial State Papers. Vol. I, he obtained at 
the instance of the Duke of Lenno.x and the Earl of Pembroke; held 
that position and also a place as member of the Council until his death. 
and was Acting-Governor of the Colony in 1644. His widow, Elizabeth, 
married (II) Sir Thomas Lunsford, Baronet, and (III) Major-General 
Robert Smith. 

It does not appear how Richard Kemp was a nephew of Ralph 
Wormeley, first of that name in Virginia, who died in 165 1. Robert 
Kemp, of Gissing, certainly did not marry a Wormeley, so it seems 
most probable that Richard Kemp's wife was a daughter of Christo- 
pher Wormeley (brother of Ralph Wormeley), who was Governor of 
Tortuga, 1632-5, and was appointed a member of the Virginia Council 
in 1637. 

The nephew, Edmond Kemp, liv-ed in the present Middlese.x county, 
and was ancestor of the families of that name in Middlesex and Glou- 
cester. 

In the name of God An^en. I Richard Kempe of Rich-neck 
in the Collonie of Virginia Esquire being sick and weake in bodie 
but sound and perfect in minde and memorie (thanks be given to 
God) doe make and declare this my last will and Testamente in 
manner and forme foilowinge (that ts to say) first I give and be- 
queath my soule into the handes of Almighty god that gave it 
mee, And my bodie to be decently buried in my Orchard, and 
for all my worldly Estate J give and bequeath as followeth, I 
make my deare and careful! wife Elizabeth Kempe, and my 
poore child Elizabeth Kempe my E.xecutryes of my whoale Es- 
tate in Virginia and of all moneys due to mee in England which 
will appeare by Accompte. and of all proceedes of Tob: which 
is shiped or shalbe shipped this yeare, such Legacies Excepted 
which hereafter followeth. And my will is that my unckle Ralph 
Wormeley dureing the minority of my Child be Executor on her 



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WILLS OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURV. 175 

behalfe, next my will is that my said Executrices doe with all 
conveniency sell the Rich neck with all the Landes belongeinge 
to it, And that if it please god in Callinge mee before it be done 
that they make good a sale of three hundred acres of Land with 
plantation on th' other side the creeke hee puttinge in securitie 
according to his bargaine to pay ten thousand waight of Tob: in 
Cash and paying for the survey to mee or my assignes, my will 
is that my Executors doe graunte unto Geo. Reade fifty acres 
in the barren Necke where he liveth for my plantation at Rappa- 
hanocke I leave it to the discretion of my Executors and the 
servants alsoe Either to sell the plantation or keepe it when or 
how Longe they please, I desire that my Executors sell what 
they can Elsewhere, And that my wife and child departe this 
Cuntrey I desire that my parte of the house Att Towne be sould; 
Master Richard Bennett is to make good the sale, I give unto 
rny unckle Ralph VVormeley tenne poundes ster: to buy him a 
Ringe, To my brother Mr. Edward Kempe five poundes ster. 
To my nephew Edmund Kempe, one new servante, this yeare, 
two cowes next yeare. and five hundred pounds of Tobacco to 
bee payed him next yeare towards his buildinge. I give to my 
beloved friend Richard Lee forty shillings to buy him a ringe to 
bee fourthwith paid, Lastly I pray god to bless this Colony, And 
I desire Sir William Berkeley to accepte of tenne poundes as a 
poore Legacie to be paid next yeare desiringe his favoure and 
freindshipp to my poore wife and child, and not to bee any Inter- 
ruption to their departure out of the CoUonie that this my will 
1 have hereunto set my hand and seale the foureth day of Janu- 
ary Anno D'ni one thousand six hundred fortie nine. 

Rich: Kempe. 

Signed, sealed and published in presence of Richard Lee, 
Edmund Kempe. 

This will was proved at London the sixth day of December in 
the yeare one thousand, six hundred fiftie six before the judges 
for probate of wills and graunting Administrations Lawfully Au- 
thorized by the oath of Elizabeth Lunsford alias Kempe the 
Relict and one of the Executrices named in the said will To 
whome was Committed Administration of all and singular the 
goodes Chattells and Debtes of the said deceased, Elizabeth 



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176 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Kempe the daughter and Ralfe Wormley the other Executors 
beinge both of them deceased as is alleadged, shee the said 
Dame Elizabeth beinge first sworne truly to Administer the 
same. 



- ■■-.■{ •.. : .. Will of Rev. John Lawrenxe. 

[Rev. John Lawrence was a clergyman, of English birth, who was 
associated with the early history of Presbyterianism in America.] 

Att Virginia In ye County of Lower norfolke In Little Creek 
att y' house of nich" huggings I: John Lauarranse master of 
arte being very Seirk and Weake of boddy: but blesed bee god 
of Sound and p'fect memory, doe Revock all maner of former 
wills by mee made; and doe Declare this onely Instrum' of 
Writing to be my Last will and testam' in maner and forme as 
followeth Imp' I give and bequeath my Soule to god that gave 
It, and my Bode to ye Earth from whence It Came to be De- 
cently & Cristianly hurried, and as for my Worley goods; give 
and bequeath them as followeth Secondley I doe Declare that 
I am the Eldest Lawful! Sone of Jno. & Dorrity Larrance and 
was borne babtised att ye Wormlyberry house in ye p'ish of 
VVormly in harford Shere and I am now posest of Six tenaments 
Seitueate In ye p'ish of S: giles in ye fieles, in Church Lane w'° 
I was Resolved to give to Cary Larrance the Eldest Sone of 
Andrew Larrance, my Brother Son but now my Reselution is 
altered, and Resolving w'" my Selle I thought fit to Come to 
virg* to a Sister w''' I had Leving there. Expecting to find Com- 
fort by her, but not finding that Enterta/m' w'" I did Expect, i 
did not larry long w'*' her, but went and Lived In maryland 
three yeares, where I preched the gospell to ye Comfort of many 
thousands, but Could not bee Endured by ye Romand Catho- 
licks, and afterwards I was p'Swaded to gone for Coralina w*"" 
p'Swattons I did Imbrase: and to that Effect I tooke a boate att 
potomack River on purpose to transport my Selfe to Carolina 
and Comeing to point Comfort I did meet w"" a good frend a bord 
a Shipe bound for that Same place, where I was bound; a bord 
of w*"" Ship I did put my Selfe w'" my Chest and Cloathes; but 
I was soe weake and feble being taken w" ye griping of ye goots 
being occaisconed by ye longe pashage of two weekes abord ye 
the afore Sd boate being hardly In a Condition to Swim and 



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WILLS OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY. i-i 

meeting w'" this good freind by name Mrs. mary benson Wid" 
who being of a tender hart had Compassion on mee the Ship 
being full of pashengers Shee did lay mee pon her one bed and 
In her one Cabin, and Did attend upon mee boath night and 
Day for five moneths to ye Admiratio of all ye people that 
heard or knew of it I being aged three Score & tifeten yeares, 
and by gods good providence It was my good fortune to mete 
w" this tender & Compassionated herted gen' Woman, after my 
long pashage in ye Sd boate and my Said Sicknese occaisioned 
thereby and being bound and obblidged in all Equity and Reason 
to Recompence her soe for as possibley I am able I doe there- 
fore alter my former Resulution & Doe leave the afor sd Six 
tenam" to ye Sd Mrs. mary benson wid" her heyers Exeeketors 
Adminis'' and assignes, and I doe hereby ordaine and apoint 
them my full & Sole Exequtrix of this my last will and testam' 
Revocking hereby all former deeds of gifts Joynters and all 
other writs wills & testam'' made by mee, and I doe hereby 
Lease to her and to her aforsaid all my Jewelly, Rings, gould 
Silver and all whatsoev' I have, and also I apoint & ordaine ye 
afore Sd mrs. mary benson wid" and her afor Saide to uplift and 
Receave Seaven yeares Rent of ye Sd Six tenam" att 36 1 
Sterling p yeare allowing 50 1 Sterling w"" I Rec'd by me, and it 
is to be deducted out of ye afore Sd 7 years Rent, and I doe 
Leave the Samyne to her heyers Exeexeters Adming" and 
Assignes for Ever for Ever & for Ever and finally this I ordaine 
to be my testam' and Latter will Invoiahle and for ye Confirm- 
ing thereof I have hereunto affixed my hand and Scale this 26th 
Day of Sept. And" Dom° 168-^. 

John Laranse & Seale. 

Signed Sealed & Delivered In ye p'sents of us 
Jacob Johnson,* 
Jno, Coe, 
Geo. Smart. 

Proved County Court of Lower norfolke the 15th octob 168^ 
by ye oaths of all ye Evidence. 



'A well known Presbyterian. 



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ITS VIRGIXIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents. 



(Prepared by W. G. Stanard.) 



(83) John Howe [i], of Accomacke, gentleman (lease for ten years), 
30 acres adjoining the land of Captain Clement Dilke [2], and the land 
belonging to the place of Secretary. September 20th, 162S. By F. 
West. 

NOTES. 

[i] John Howe was a Commissioner (justice) of Accomac in 1631, 
and member of the House of Burgesses for the same county in 1632 and 
1632-3. Captain Daniel Howe, of Northampton county, was alive, 1653. 
It appears from the county records that John Howe was a commissioner 
of Accomac from 1632 until his death, Commander-in-chief of the 
county from July, 1637. In a deposition, January, 1636, he states his age 
as 43, and he was dead before Jan. 2d, 1647, when the Court made an 
order to his administ'-ators. 

[2] From the manuscript records of the London Company, recently 
recovered by the Virginia Historical Society, it appears that, Nov. 20th, 
1622, a patent for land in Virginia was granted to "Mr. Dilke, of Cle- 
ments Inn, Middlese.\, Gentleman." See Historical Society Magazine^ 
Vol. I, p. 443, for a note on Clement Dilke. , 



(84) William Harris, of Warwick River, planter (lease for ten 
years), 100 acres about two miles below Blunt Point, adjoining the 
land of Richard Tree and extending along the bank of the river fifty 
poles. September 20, 162S. By F. West. 



(85) Lieutenant Tho.mas Purfury (lease for ten years), 100 acres 
in Elizabeth City, abutting westerly on a small creek dividing said land 
from the fields called fort Henry [i], and running west to the land 
granted to Christopher Calthropp, gentleman. September 20, 1628, 
By F. West. 

NOTE. 

[i] This was doubtless a place afterwards called " The Fort Fields," 
which belonged to Col. Chas. Morrison (whose father, Capt. Richd. 
Morrison, had been commander of the fort at Point Comfort), and 
which were sold by his heirs to Robert Beverley {Eliza. City Records). 

(86) William Co.x, of Elizabeth City, planter {lease for ten years), 
100 acres in Elizabeth City. September 20, 1628. By F. West. 



(87) Christopher Windmill, of Elizabeth City, planter (lease for 



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VBU ABSTRACTS OF VIRGINIA LAND PATENTS. 179 

ten yearsi, 60 acres in Elizabeth City, bounded southerly by the planta- 
tion called "the Indian House thickett," formerly granted to Lieuten- 
ant Thomas Flint, and on the northeast by the land granted to Jonas 
Stockton, Minister, deceased, and on the w est by the Southampton 
river. September 20. 162S. By F. West. 



(S9) Walter Hevlev, ancient planter (lease for ten years), 50 acres 
in Elizabeth City. September 20, 162S By F. West. 



(90) Robert Marshall, planter (lease for ten years), 10 acres in the 
Island of James City, abutting westerly on the lands of Mary Bayly, 
easterly, on the lands of Thomas Passmore, Carpenter; southerly, on 
the highway adjoining the marshes of Goosehill, and westerly, on the 
highway that parts said land from that now in the occupation of Elmer 
Phillips. September 20, 162S. By F. West. 

(91) Lieutenant Edward Waters [iJ, of Elizabeth City (lease t'"or 
ten years), 100 acres in Elizabeth City, being part of the Strawberry 
banks, and abutting easterly on a creek " called Thomas his Creeke," 
towards the precincts of Buck Roe [2]. October 20, 162S. By F. West. 

notes. 

[i] .Mr. H. E Waters, in his " Gleanings," gives the following abstract 
from the will on record at Somerset House, London. Will of Edward 
Waters, of Elizabeth City, Virginia, gentleman; dated at Great Korn- 
mead, Hertfordshire, England, August 20, 1630, proved Septem.ber iS, 
1630. Leaves his son William his lands in \'irginia; directs that all 
goods, &c., in England, Virginia, Ireland or elsewhere, shall be sold by 
the adviceof his brother, John Waters, of Middleham, Yorkshire. Other 
legatees are wife Mrs Grace Waters and daughter Margaret. The 
Northampton records show that Wm. Waters is described, in 1646, as son 
and heir of Edward Waters, of Elizabeth City, in 1646; that in 1652 his 
mother was Mrs. Grace Robins; in or before 1652, he (William) had 
married the widow of George Clarke; and March, 1652, was elected 
high sheriff of Northampton by the people of that county, and in 
March, 1656, was appointed by the Governor, Council and Burgesses 
major of militia, and a justice (of the quorum) for Northampton. See 
Hist. Soc. i\[iig.. Vol. I, p. 92, for note on Edward Waters. 

[2] Samuel Selden, of Elizabeth City, the first of that family in Vir- 
ginia, in his will dated .May 24, and proved July, 1720, gives the planta- 
tion called Buckrow to his wife Rebecca for her life, remainder to his 
right heirs. 



(92) Christopher Windmill, of Elizabeth City, planter (lease for 
ten years), 50 acres in Elizabeth City. Nov. 30, 162S. By F. West. 



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180 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

(931 William Harris, of Warwick River, planter (lease for ten 
years), 50 acres about two miles below Blunt Point. Nov. 20, 162S. 
By F. West. 



(94) William Cookesev, of Warwick River, planter (lease for ten 
years), 150 acres on the east side of Blunt Point Creek, extending south 
to the land of John Layden. December 2d, 162S. By F. West. 

(95) Nicholas Roe, planter (lease for ten years), 40 acres in Eliza- 
beth City, bounded on the east by Point Comfort Creek. December 
ist, 162S. By F. West. 



(96) Thomas Delamajor, ofJam.es City, Joyner (lease for ten years), 
a small slip of land (3 acres) at Goose Hill, in the Island of James City, 
abutting westerly upon the land of Dame Elizabeth Dale [i], and 
easterly upon Goose Hill Marsh. March 14, 162S. By F. West. 

NOTE. J 

[i] Dame Elizabeth Dale was the widow of Sir Thomas Dale, Gov- 
ernor of Virginia. She also owned land on the Eastern Shore of Vir- 
ginia, and her will is recorded in Northampton County. An abstract 
of it was printed in the William and Mary Quarterly. 



(97) Roger Sau.vders [i], of Accomacke, mariner (lease for ten 
years), 50 acres adjoining the land of John Blore. deceased, now in the 
possession of said Saunders, and extending westerly on the waterside 
to the land of Captain Henry Fleete. INIarch 14, 162S. By John Pott. 

note. 
[i] Roger Saunders was commissioner (justice) of Accomac, 1631, 
and member of the House of Burgesses, 1631 -'2. It appears from the 
county records ihat he died prior to February, 1633, and his widow 
seems to have married Wm. Burdett, of Accomac. 



(98) Eli.\s La Guard, vignerone, lease, 100 acres in Elizabeth City, 
on the Western side of Harris his Creek. March 14, 1627. By John 
Pott. 



(99) W^illiam Smith [i], of Accomac, planter, lease, 100 acres in 
Accomac, bounding southerly on the land of John Falwood, and ex- 
tending westerly on Chesapeake Bay. October 15, 1629. By John 
Pott. 

NOTE. 

[i] The will of W^illiam Smith, of Accomac, was dated April 23d, 
1636, and proved September, 1636. He requests that Mr. Cotton make 



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ABSTRACTS OF VIRGINIA LAND PATENTS. 181 

his funeral sermon, and receive for it loo lbs. tobacco, and that 50 lbs. 
be paid Garrett Andrews (carpenter) for making his coffin; legatees 
are: Francis Millisent, Eliz. Harlowe. daughter of John Harlowe, his 
servant Daniel Pighles, who is to be given a year of his time and all of 
the testator's clothes; and appoints friends Nicholas Harvvood and 
Walter Scott executors. Leaves small estate. 



(100) Nicholas Browne [i], planter, lease, 50 acres in Elizabeth 
City, bounded on the south by the land formerly granted to Walter 
Heeley, and extending northerly towards the head of Southampton 
River. June 6, 1635. By Sir John Harvey. 

NOTE. 

[i] Nicholas Browne was a vestryman of Hampton Parish, Eliza- 



beth City, in 1646 (Meade). 



(loi) ]acob Averie (lease for 21 years), 500 acres on Skiffs Creek 
[Warwick county], extending northerly "towards the Creek towards 
Martin's Hundred," S-^uthwest towards the land of Thomas Nowell, 
and east towards the maine — beginning on the east side of a spring 
called Jacob's Well. 1630. By Sir John Harvey. 



(ro2) Thom.'.s Purifov [i], of Elizabeth City, Esquire, 500 acres 
upon a point called Cross quarter, bounded southwest by the back 
river, " and goeth down to a point called Willoughby's Neck," and also 
lying along the river called Pocoson river. May 4, 1631. By Sir John 
Harvey. 

NOT2. 

[i] See Virginia Historical Society Magazine, Vol. I, pp. 417 and 
418. 



(102) Captain Robert Felgate [r], gentleman, 350 acres at Kisky- 
ocke [2J upon Pamunkey [3I River, abutting easterly upon the ground 
of Captain John West [4], and extending westerly towards the maine 
river. Due for the importation of himself, his son, and four servants, 
who came in the William and John in 162S. April 25, 1632. By Harvey. 

NOTES. 

[i] Captain Robert Felgate was a commissioner (justice) of War- 
wick River, 1632 {Hening), of York county, 1633, and many years later 
{York Records), and burgess for ''the other side of the water," 1629 
and 1629-30 [Heni?ig). His will was dated 1649, and proved 1655, and 
his legatees were his wife, Sibilla, his brother, William Fellgate, of the 
City of London, Skinner, grandchild, Thomas Newton, resident in 
Holland, and grandchild, Thomas Bruton ( York Records). In a later 



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182 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

patent to him his wife, Margaret (tsI wife), son, Erasmus, and daughter, 
Judith are headrights. There is on record in York a bond, dated Jan- 
uary 29, 1644, from Henry Lee and Richard Lee to indemnify " Mrs. 
Sibella Felgate, the relict and late wife of Captain Robert Felgate gen- 
tleman dec'ed," and referring to Captain Robert Felgate as '= having 
married the mother of John Adkins, who was the brother of Marah, 
wife of the above Henry Lee." One of his brothers, William Felgate, 
referred to above, was living in York in 1653 and 1659 {York Records), 
and in the latter year was a justice of the county {Henirtg). In this 
year he stated, in a deposition, that he was about 47 years old. His 
will, proved in York in 1660, left his estate to his wife, Mary Felgate, and 
/20 to his daughter Mary "in case she came to Virginia in five years," 
also legacies to his [step] son, William Bassett, and daughter, Mary 
Bassett. In 1655 Mary Bassett petitioned York court fori he lands of 
Robert Felgate, deceased, claiming to be his heir. It appears from the 
county record that Mary, widow of Thomas Bassett, married, secondly, 
William Felgate, of Queen's Creek, York, and, thirdly, Captain John 
Underbill. Jr., a native of the city of Worcester, England, who died in 
1672, and fragments of whose tomb remain at Felgate's Creek in that 
county. It does not appear how Mary Bassett could have been the heir 
of Robert Felgate. 

[2] Kiscoyacke, or Kiskiak, was a district in the present York county, 
in the vicinity of Yorktown. It derived its name from a tribe of Indians 
which inhabited it. See ist Hetiing for several early acts to encourage 
plantmg and settlement there. 

[3] Pamunkey was the original name of the river which was after- 
wards calif d Charles and now York. 

[4] See Virginia Historical Society ^^dgazine, Vol. I. 423 and 424. 

(103) Captain Tobv Felgate [i], mariner, 150 acres at Kiskyacke, 
upon Pamunkey River, adjoining the land of his brother. Captain 
Robert Felgate. Due him as an adventurer into the Colony. April 
25, 1632. By Harvey. 

NOTE. 

[i] As early as 1623 Captain Toby Felgate had made five voyages 
to Virginia as mate and master {Proceedings of I'a. Company). 

{104) Roger Saunders, gentleman, 300 acres in Accomack, com- 
monly called the Indian Field; abutting southeast upon the creek that 
runs up by the old plantation, and northeast upon the creek that runs 
between this land and that of Mr. Harman [Harmar?] June iS, 1632. 
By Harvey. 

• (105) William Dawkes, planter, 250 acres in a neck of land com- 
monly called the Verinas [i]; abutting easterly upon a creek known as 



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ABSTRACTS OF VIRGINIA LAND PATENTS. 183 

two mile Creek, and thence extending westerly towards the land of 
Thomas Parker. Due in right of his father Henry Dawkes, and his 
uncle William Leigh, for their personal adventure, and tor a bill of 
adventure, dated July 14, 160S. Patent dated June 30, 1632. By 
Harvey. 

NOTE. 

[i] More commonly spelt Varina. It is said that the name was 
given because the tobacco grown there resembled a Spanish tobacco 
called Varinas. Varina was long the county seat of Henrico, and is 
stated to have been for a time the residence of John Rolfe and Poca- 
hontas, on land given them by Powhatan. Rev. William Stith lived 
here when minister of Henrico Parish, and here dates the preface to 
his history of Virginia. Richard Randolph (in the Southern Literary 
Messenger) says that in his time the sites of the Glebe, Courthouse, 
jail, tavern, and of John Rolfe's house, were pointed out. Under the 
name of Akin's Landing it was well known, during the late war, as a 
place of exchange o\ prisoners. Nearly all of Varina Neck at one time 
belonged to the Randolph family. 



;io6) Robert B.vrri.ngton [iJ, of James City, 250 acres in the 
County of James City; bounded on the south by the back river, north- 
east by Powhatan Swamp, and northwest by the great river. July 6, 
1632. By Harvey. 

NOTE. ": : ^.r^•' ■,''■ 

[ij Robert Barrington was Clerk of the Council, 1623, and member 
of the House of Burgesses for James City, 1629-30. 



(107) John Arundell, of the lower parish of Elizabeth City, gen- 
tleman, 100 acres in Elizabeth City, upon the back river, extending 
easterly towards the land now in the tenure of John Chandler. Due 
for part of a bill of adventure of two hundred and eighty-seven pounds 
ten shillings, dated October 14, 1617, and signed by David Watkins 
Cashier. August rst, 1632. By Harvey. 



(108) Thomas Harwood [i],ofSkiffes Creek, gentleman, 100 acres, 
adjoining his own land on Skiffes Creek [Warwick Co.], granted in 
the right of Sergeant Hugh Heywood. .September ist, 1632. By 
Harvey. 

note. 

[i] Captain Thomas Harwood came to Virginia about 1620, and on 
June 28 of that year he (described as " the Chief of .Martin's Hun- 
dred ") was appointed member of the Council {Proceedings of Va. 
Company). He was probably a relative of Sir Edward Harwood (a 
distinguished soldier), who was a member of the Virginia Company, 



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184 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

and in 1619 presented a petition to that body in behalf of the proprie- 
tors of Martin's Hundred. An examination of Sir Edward's will, 
however, shows no reference to him. On July 24, 162 1, he was again 
appointed to the Council, but does not appear to have remained long a 
member of that body, as he was Burgess for Mulberry Island, 1629, 1630, 
1633 and 1642; for Warwick County, 1644, 1645, 164S and 1649 ; Speaker 
of the House, i648-'9, and chosen member of the Council 1652 {Heft- 
ing). He took an active part in the deposition of Governor Harvey. 
and was sent to England in 1634 by the House of Burgesses to defend 
their action in that affair. Immediately on arriving he was arrested, 
and for a time kept a close prisoner in the Fleet prison; but was re- 
leased aud returned to Virginia {Sainsbury Abstracts). He appears to 
have been for many years one of the leading men of the Colony, and 
had numerous descendants in Warwick (where some of the family still 
reside) and York. It is also probable that those of the name in Charles 
City and King William were descendants. 

In 1652 Humphrey Harwood patented 2,070 acres 'n Warwick, 
which had been granted to Captain Thomas Harwood in 1637, and had 
now descended to the said Humphrey Harwood as his son and heir. 
In the same year Mrs. Ann Harwood patented 150 acres adjoining this 
grant. Captain Humphrey Harwood was Burgess for Warwick in 16S5, 
and Major Humphrey Harwood (doubtless the same) Burgess in 1692 
(Jonrnals). Humphrey Harwood, Sheriff of Warwick, 1710. William 
Harwood, Sheriff of Warwick, 1721. Major William Harwood, of 
Warwick, for many years Justice and Burgess, died June 2d, 1737 {Va- 
Gazette). Colonel William Harwood was member of the House of 
Burgesse... for Warwick, 1744, 174S, 1752, 1753, 1755, 1758, 1764. 1765, 
1769, 1772, 1774 (and doubtless in other intervening years), member of 
the County Committe of Safety in i775-'6, of the Convention of 1776, 
and of the House of Delegates, 1776. Edward Harwood was a justice 
of Warwick, 1770; County Lieutenant, 17S8 {Cat. of Va. State Papers), 
and member of the House of Delegates, 1780. Humphrey Harwood, 
of Williamsburg, was appointed in 1775 a lieutenant in the troops then 
raised. He died November, 17S8. leaving a wife and six children {Va. 
Gazette). Elizabeth, widow of William Harwood, died in Warwick 
September 7, 1S34, aged sixty years, leaving four children [Nezispaper). 

The first of the name who appear in Charles City County were Cap- 
lain Joseph (alive 16S8) and Captain Samuel. The first named married 
Agnes, daughter of Captain Thomas Cocke, Sr., of Henrico; and the 
second married, in 1694, her sister, Temperence Cocke. Joseph Har- 
wood was a justice of Charles City in 1705, and Captain Samuel in 1710. 
Captain Thos. Cocke, Sr., in his will dated 16S9, names his grand- 
children Thomas. Joseph, Agnes and Thomas Harwood. Samuel Har- 
wood was Burgess for Charles City, 1723. Samuel Harwood, Jr., was 
a justice of Charles City in 17 19, and appears to have been out of the 



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ABSTRACTS OF VIRGINIA LAND PATEXTS. 185 

commission for a time, as in 1723 the Governor and Council ordered 
him to be restored to his former place. Samuel Harwood, probably 
the same, was sheriff of the county, 1730, 1731 and 1737. Samuel Piar- 
wood, Jr., "of Weyanoke," was appointed justice of Charles City in 
1739- Samuel Harwood was member of the Charles City Committee of 
Safety, 1775 and 1776. and of the Convention of 1776. Samuel Har- 
wood was appointed major in the Virginia forces raised in 1775. Little- 
berry Harwood was a soldier in the State Line during the Revolution. 
William Harwood of Charles City (probably of " Weyanoke," as his 
descendants own that estate), married Margaret Waldrop, and' had two 
children: L Agnes, married in 17SS, Fielding Lewis, of Gloucester ; 11. 
Nancy, married Thomas Lewis, of Gloucester. Captain William Har- 
wood, of King and Queen, died September, 1773, aeed 39. Christo- 
pher Harwood, of King and Queen, married Margaret, daughter of 
Thomas Roane, and had issue : L Col. Archibald Roane, of " Xewing- 
ton," King and Queen, member of the House of Delegates. 1S16, 1S22, 
1823, 1S24, 1S32 and 1S34: died September iS, 1S37, aged 52 years! 
married r^Iartha, daughter of Samuel G. Fauntleroy; 11. Thomas^ 
moved to Tennessee. A. R. and Martha (Fauntleroyi Harwood had 
issue: L Samuel Fauntleroy, married Elizabeth, daughter of Dr. 
Austin Brockenbrough; IL Priscella ; IIL >rary Susan; IV. Emily 
Garnett ; V. Lucy, married Judge McPheeters, of New York ; VL 
Sarah, married Robert Pollard; VIL Archibald A.; VIIL Thomas," 

married Brown, of Texas, and had six children; IX. Daughter,' 

married ^\■inder. 

Thomas Harwood, who was probably a younger son of Captain 
Thomas Harwood, of Warwick, was a justice of York county in J653. 
In York county there was a succession of three Thomas Harwoods,' 
father, son and grandson, beginning with Thomas Harwood, who was 
a justice in 1652. 

(109) Thom.as H.\rwood, of Skiffes Creek, gentleman, 140 acres on 
SkiflTes Creek abutting southerly on the land of Mrs. Avery. Due in 
right of Hugh Heyward made over to him June 20, 1631. By Harvey, 
September ist, 1632. 

(no) John Pott, of Harrop, within the Corporation of James City, 
doctor in Physick, 200 acres on Skiffes Creek, adjoining the lands of 
Mr. Thomas Nowell and Mr. Jacob Avery. Due for the adventure of 
four servants: John .Alilward, Randolph Holt, Ruth a maid Servant, 
and Thomas Popkin. By Harvey, September ist, 1632. 



(Ill) William Dawkes, of Verinas, in the Corporation of Charles 
City, planter; son and heir apparent of Henry Dawkes deceased; 200 
acres in Charles City on a creek called the two mile Creek, and adjoin- 



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186 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

ing the land of Thomas Parker. Due loo acres for the personal adven- 
ture of the said Henry Dawkes, an ancient planter, and loo for a bill of 
adventure of /12. 10, in right of his father, Henry Daukes deceased, 
dated July 14, 160S. By Harvey, September 17, 1632. 

Appended is the following "bill of adventure," wiiich is given as an 
example : 

"Whereas Henry Dawkes now bound on the intended voyage to Vir- 
ginia hath paid in ready money to S'r Thomas Smith K't, Treasurer for 
Virginia, the sume of twelve pownds tenn shillings for his Adventure 
in the voyage to Virginia, It is agreed y't for the sume the said Henry 
Dawkes his heirs Executo'rs Adm'rs assigns shall have rateably accord- 
ing to his Adventure full p'te of all such lands tenem'ts and heredi- 
tm'ts as shall from time to time bee recovered planted and in habited, 
And of all such Mines and Mineralls of Gould Silver and other mettalls 
or Treasures pearles pretious stones or any kind of Wares or Merchan- 
dize comodities or p'fitts whatsoever which shall bee obtained or got- 
ten in the said voyage According to the portion of money by him im- 
ployed to that use, In as large and ample manner as any other Adven- 
turer therein shall receive for the like Sume. Written this fowerteenth 
of July one Thousand six hundred and Eight. 

Richard Atkinson. 

Recorded the eighth of Septemb. one Thousand six hundred thirty 
two. 

Ben. Harrison" [Clerk of the Council]. 



(112) John Arundell, of the back river in Elizabeth City, gentle- 
man, son and heir apparent to Peter Arundell, gentleman, deceased; 
100 acres on back river, adjoining the land formerly granted to Barthol- 
omew Hoskins, and extending easterly towards the land of Captain 
Richard Stephens Esq., now in the tenure and occupation of John 
Chandler, planter. Due in right of his father .or one share in a bill of 
adventure of ^287. 10, dated October 4, 1617. By Harvey, September 
7. 1632. 



(113) Bartholomew Hoskins, of the back river, in Elizabeth City, 
ancient planter, who came over to this country before the departure of 
Sir Thomas Dale; 100 acres on the back river, due to him for his per- 
sonal adventure and formerly granted* to him by Sir Francis Wyatt 
November 3d, 1620. By Harvey, September 7, 1632. 



(114) John Robins [i] the younger, of the back river in Elizabeth 
City, planter, son and heir apparent of John Robins the elder, deceased; 
300 acres on back river in Elizabeth city. Due him, in right of the said 
John Robins the elder, for the transportation of six persons into this 
country (vizt) of himself the said John Robins the elder, and John Rob- 



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ABSTRACTS OF VIRGINIA LAND PATENTS. 187 

ins the younger his son, Henry West, Peter Asheley, Joseph Moore, 
and William Davis his servants, who came in the Mar^arei (2f John in 
1622. By Harvey, September 7, 1632. 

NOTE. 

[i] John* Robins, the elder, died on his voyage to Virginia {Hotten). 
His son John'' Robins, tiie younger, settled in Elizabeth City county, 
and patented several tracts of land in various parts of the Colony, 
among them one (in 1642) of 2,000 acres in Gloucester county, where 
he resided the last few years of his life, and where the place of his res- 
idence acquired the name, " Robins' Xeck,'' n-hich it still retains. He 
was a member of the House of Burgesses from Elizabeth City, 1646 and 
1649 [Hefting), and a justice of that county in 1652 {y'ork Records). He 

appears to have been twice married; tirst, to Dorothy , and, 

secondly, in or before 1638, to Alice . According to an act passed 

in 1734 for docking the entail on part of the lands inherited from him 
{Hening IV, 461), "John Robins, late of Robins's Neck, in the county 
of Gloucester, deceased, was in his life time, seised in fee simple, of 
two thousand acres of land, with the appurtenances, lying and being in 
Robins's Neck, aforesaid, between the rivers Ware and Severn, in the 
parishes of Ware, and Abington, in the county aforesaid ; and of five 
hundred acres of land, with the appurtenances, lying and being in the 
parish of Elizabeth City, in the county of Elizabeth City, and so being 
thereof seised, did make his last will and testament in writing, bearing 
date the two and twentyeth day of November, in the year of our lord 
one thousand six hundred and fifty-five." 

From the same authority it is known that he had issue : I. Christo- 
pher', eldest son, who left only two children, (i) Anne*, who married 
Robert Freeman, and (2I Elizabeth*, married James Shackleford ; II. 
William', second son, died without issue; III. Thomas^; IV. Daugh- 
ter*; V. Daughter'. 

Thomas' Robins, "chirurgeon" [surgeon] as he is several times 
styled in the records of York county, where he appears to have prac- 
ticed, was alive in 1674. In or before 1666, he married Mary, daughter 
of Major John Hansford, of York, and issue, so far as known, one son, 
John*. Mrs. Elizabeth Lockey, who had been the wife of Major John 
Hansford, in her will, dated 1675, gives a legacy to her grandson, John 
Robins. 

John* Robins, of Gloucester county, married, prior to 1693, Jane , 

and had issue: I. Mary^ born Nov. 5, 1693 {Abingdon Parish Register); 
II. William^ 

William^ Robins, born December 5, 17 15 {Abingdon Regis/er), died 
1786. He married Elizabeth, whose surname, according to tradition, 
was Dunbar (there was a family of the name then resident in Glouces- 
ter), and had issue, as appears from his will, dated July 13, 17S2, and 
proved in Gloucester, July 6, 1786: I. John*, born between 1737 and 



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ISS VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGA7IXE. 

1741 {Abingdon Register — here defective); II. Thomas*', born 1745 
{Abingdon Register); III. ll'ittiam^; 1V^ Rebecca^, married Isaac Sin- 
gleton (and had issue : WiUiam', Isaac', Joshua', Thomas'. Elizabeth", 
and Jane", named in their grandfather's will) ; V. Daughte^^ married 
John Stubbs (and had issue: Thomas', William", SamueF, lames Col- 
mau^, John", and Elizabeth^ named in their grandfather's uiil); VL 
Daughter^ married Thomas Chamberlain Amory. 

William® Robins, of Gloucester, was born 1749 {Abingdon Register), 
and married Dorothy Boswell, of Gloucester. Had issue: I. U'iitiani'; 
II. Elizabeth^, married John Stevens; III. Anne*, married William 
Wallington ; IV. Susanna", married Frank Stubbs; V. Rebecca^ mar- 
ried James N. Stubbs, and was grandmother oi State Senator Stubbs, 
of Gloucester. Professor T. J. Stubbs, of William and Mary, and Pro- 
fessor W. C. Stubbs, of Louisiana. 

William^ Robins, of "Level Green," Gloucester, born 1770, died 

Dec. 22d, iS\6 {Rd. Enquirer); married three times, ; I) Whiting, 

and had several children, none of whom left issue; (II) Juliana, 
daughter of Christopher Pryor. of Gloucester. Her mother was a 
Miss Clayton, most probably a daughter of Captain Jasper Clayton, 

and granddaughter of John Clayton, the botanist; (Hi' Fleming, 

no issue by last marriage. Issue (by 2d marriage ; I. William', 

married Elizabeth Cary, and had Cary^, who married Thurston; 

II. Augustine J{'arner'*; III. Emeline*, married Henry Davies ; TV. 
Julia*, married Dr. Wm. Bernard Todd; V. John'^, married Thorn- 
ton, and had (i) Richard^; (2) Martha^; (3) John W.* ; (4) Julia Pryor^; 
VI. Catherine Clayton-, born 1S06, died 1847; married, in 1S27, Dr. 
Joseph H. Robins; \TI. Elizabeth S.*, married, in 1S17, Christopher 
Whiting, of Gloucester ; VIII. Maria-, married James R. Stubbs, of 
Gloucester. 

Augustine Warner* Robins, of " Level Green," Gloucester county, 
born 1S09, died June 19, 1876 {Enquirer); member of the House of 
Delegates from Gloucester, 1841, 1842 and 1S43; married (Ii Maria 
Todd; (II) Elizabeth Todd. Issue (ist marriage): I. Willimn Todd^ ; 
II. Mary^ married Dr. Thomas Latane, of King and Queen ; III. Ber- 
nard^; IV. Bartlett Todd"*, married and died without issue; V.Archi- 
bald Harwood'*, married Sinclair, and had two children; VI. 

Joseph', married Bagby; VII. Maria^, married .Solomon Kemp; 

VIII. Taylor'', married Sally Seawell, and had two children. 

Colonel William Todd* Robins, of Gloucester and Richmond City, 
entered C S. A. as a private in Lee's Rangers (cavalry), promoted to 
lieutenant April, 1S62, captain Oct., 1862, lieutenant-colonel July, 1S63, 
colonel 24th Virginia Cavalry Jan., 1S64, and served throughout the 
war with distinguished gallantry; married (I) Martha Tabb, daughter of 
Wm. Patterson and Marion (Morson) Smith, of Gloucester, and [II) 
Sally Berkeley, daughter of Dr. Wilmer Nelson, of the same county. 



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yjQ ABSTRACTS OF \ IRGIXIA LAND PATENTS. 189 

Issue: (1st m.), I Marion Seddon'"; (2d m.), II Ruth"^ ; III. Elizabeth'*'; 
IV. Warner'"; V. Nelson"'; VI. Sarah'^. 



(115) William Spencer, of James Island, in the Corporation of 
James City, yeoman, 250 acres on the west side of Lawnes Creek, at its 
mouth [this is now in Surrey]. Due in right of James Tooke, who 
came in the George in 1621, at the charges of said Spencer ; in right of 
Hugh Wynn and Robert Latchett, who both came in the George in 

1621, at the charges of Captain William Pierce (who has transferred bis 
right to Spencer); of James Robinson, who came in the Charatie in 

1622, at the cost of said Spencer, and also in right of Joseph Deane. 
By Harvey, Sept. 29, 1632. 



(ri6) Captain William Tucker, Esq. [i], of the Council of State. 
100 acres in Elizabeth City, at the mouth of Broad Creek, and adjoin- 
ing the land now in the tenure and occupation of Henry Southerne [2], 
and that of Thomas Watts. Due for the transportation of Richard 
Heale, and William Elberry in the Elianor in 1622. By Harvey. 

Appended is a transfer of this land by William Tucker to Launcelot 
Barnes [3]. Witnesses John Utye and Francis Bolton. 

NOTES. 

[i] In pedigree of Thompson, Visitation of London, , is entered 

the name of Mary, daughter of Ralph Thompson, and wife of" William 
Tucker, of London, merchant." See Hist. Society Magazine, I, 18S-9. 

[2] Probably a kinsman of John Southerne, who was a member of 
the House of Burgesses, 1623, and for James City Island, 1629-30. 

[3] Member of the House of Burgesses for " the lower part of Eliza- 
beth City," 1629-30. 



(117) Elmer Phillips, of Elizabeth City, 100 acres on Poynt Com- 
fort Creek. Head Rights: Elmer Phillips and his servant Daniel 
French, who came in 1622. Granted by Harvey, June 5, 1633. 



*;3I 



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190 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. '] 9 I 



GENEALOGY. 



THE FLOLRNOY FAMILY. 



Compiled by Flournoy Rivers, Esq., Pulaski, Tenn. 



Prefatory. 

The compiler desires to call attention to the following requests as 
to how the work of assisting this compilation should be done. This 
circular letter is now being addressed to all members of this descent 
of whose residence he is informed. The omitted part of the letter con- 
tains a short statement of a few historical facts as a basis. 

" Though so widely scattered throughout America, it is easily suscep- 
tible of legal proof that all members of this family thus have a common 
origin. The compiler therefore asks you to aid him in putting all of 
them ' in touch ' with each other. This is a work of immense labor 
and can only succeed by earnest and intelligent co-operation. The 
compiler receives for it — and expects — no compensation ; he has, in- 
stead, devoted to it much time and labor and money. You are there- 
fore requested: (i) To furnish me the full name and P. O. address of 
every person of Flournoy descent within your knowledge; (2) To lay 
this matter before all such persons, requesting their co-operation; (3) 
To furnish me an historical account, absolutely accurate and minute in 
detail, not in the form of a running letter, but of a /a^«/a/c't/ statement — 
of the descent of yourself and of the members of your branch. Start 
as far back as possible and tabulate the statement down to and inclu- 
ding the present, ready for priming, if need were. 

"Please note as follows: Give full names; be absolutely accurate 
and minute as to dates, civil, political, military or navai employment, 
giving official records; note all collegiate graduations and authorships, 
if any ; burn when and where ; aiarried when, to whom and by whom ; 
lived where; occupation what; died when; buried where; religion 
what; politics what. Consult family bibles, town records, county, State 
and National records, tomb-stones, church records, will and deed 
books, etc., etc., giving always book and page. If every Flournoy in 
America will at once constitute himself or herself a committee of one 
to aid this work on the lines laid down above, it can soon be accom- 
plished." 

Please remember that accurate dates are absolutely essential to cor- 
rect history. 

Errors and Corrections. 

Since the July article was written the compiler has received from Mr. 
Edmond Flournoy, at Geneva, a typewritten copy, bound, of their MS. 



AyA^.AOJ.K .1A;)1;!0I •!ll M/!I.'>Si/ 



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I VrX> THE FLOURXOY FAMILY. 191 

genealogy, begun in 1733, by Gideon Flournoy, a brother of John 
James, the immigrant, and continued by him till his death in 1760; con- 
tinued ever since by some member of the family there. 

The typewritten text shows that some errors were made in repro- 
ducing some of the names from the MSS. outline first sent and printed. 

The chief errors are as follows : 

On page S4 the wife of "Jacques, born in 160S," should be "Judith 
Puerari," or " Puerary," not " Pucrary " ; page 84, David Flournoy, son of 
Jean Jacques, was not "First Sheriff of Prince Edward County," but 
was in the first Commission of the Peace for Prince Edward county, 
and sheriff in i~^6-j. 

It is probably better to print in full the certified copy of the judg- 
ment in Flournoy and wife vs. Martin, cited in the July Magazine as a 
foot note to page 84 : 

Flournoy ys. Martin: "At a Court held for Goochland County 
the third Tuesday in July," "being the eighteenth day of the Month 
Anno Domini MDCCXXXII." 

"In the action of Debt between John J:imes Flournoy & Elizabeth 
his wife, Ex'x &c. of Orlando Jones, dec'd. pltffs. and Francis Martin 
Deft. Thomas Prosser appears on behalf of the Deft, and confesses a 
Judgment to the pltffs. for Seven hundred and thirty pounds of sweet 
scented tobacco in Cask convenient and eighty eight pounds of tobacco 
and fifteen shillings Curr't money Whereupon it is considered by the 
Court that the pits, do recover against the Deft, the said sums together 
with the costs of this suit and a Lawyer's flee. 

" By consent of the pits, Execution is to be stayed eleven months." 

I, P. G. Miller, deputy clerk of the County Court of Goochland 
county, Virginia, do certify that the foregoing is a true copy of an 
order entered in Order Book No. 3, page tf6, filed as a record in the 
clerk's oflice of said court. Given under my hand this 19th day of 
March, 1894. 

■ ':-'"■■ ■; ' ?. G. IIII.I.KR, Depuly C/erk. 

The word " cask " was misprinted " cash." 

On page 86 the name of Gibson Flournoy, son of Francis, is mis- 
pelled " Gideon." The Geneva MS. spells it " Gibson," and the will 
of Francis has it " Gipson." 

On page 88 the maiden name of Mrs. Theodore Flournoy should be 
" Helen Mary Burnier," born at Curtat, of Lausanne. 

On page 90 the birthday of the compiler's mother, Julia Flournoy 
Rivers, should be '' Feby. iSth, 1838," not Feby. 19th. "Liberal obe- 
dience," on page 90. should be "' literal obedience." 

The mmor typographical errors are easy of detection and correction. 

The compiler is in receipt of letters from both Messrs. Theodore and 
Edmond Flournoy, full of interesting personal details, and only lack of 



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192 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. ^ ,, 

space prevents their present reproduction. These gentlemen are much 
interested, and are aiding by all means in their power. They likewise 
send photographs. 

So.ME Identifications. 

Jacob Flournoy's Third Wife. — On page S6 of the July Magazine, 
the statement is made, quoting from the Geneva Genealogy, that 
Jacob Flournoy "married the third time, Thursday, Dec'r 9th, 1703, a 
Hollander, born at The Hague, like himself about forty years of age, 
named Madeline Prodhom, the widow of Moise Verreuil, a French 
merchant at Rouen. The father of said wife was of the Canton of 
Berne, and her grandfather was a minister of Lausanne. He had made 
the voyage with her from England to Virginia." 

Corroborative of this is "The Huguenot Emigration to Virginia," 
pages 16 and 24, where, as a part of the same " List of all ye Passengers 
from London to James River, In Virginia, Being French Refugees Im- 
barqued in the ship ye Peter and Anthony, Galley, of London, Daniel 
Perreau, Commander (vizt.)," which contains "Jacob Fleurnoir, sa 
femme, 2 garcons and 2 fille," appear " Moise Vermeil, sa femme et 
cinq enfans." See also pages 2S and 59. 

Both families appear in " A List of the Refugees who are to receive 
of ye miller of Falling Cre^k Mill one bushel a head of Indian Meall 
Monthly as Settled at or about King Williams Town To Begin in 
FFeb. 1700 (1701)," pages 26-2S. The list was made out " this 4th of 
ffeb'r. 1700 (1701)," by Olivier De La Muce. 

This same work corroborates the statement from the Geneva Gene- 
alogy, page 86 of the July Magazine, that Jacob Flournoy's "young 
daughter, by his second wife, died during the voyage, which took them 
fourteen weeks to make," for, while he " imbarqued " with four children, 
the " Liste Des Personnes Du Second Convoy Qui Serent Toute 

L'Annee a Manicanton," made " Ce i. X bre 1700. B. De Joux, 

Ministre," contains only Jacob, "sa femme et trois enfans," page 23; 
while he received "Indian Meall" for himself, "his wife and 3 chil- 
dren," page 2S. 

On page 59 Moise Verrueil appears as one of the signers of a petition 
to Governor Nicholson. 

Moise, J/oses. 

The spelling of the name varies somewhat. It appears Verrueil and 
Verreuil. 

There were "four successive debarkations of these French Immi- 
grants," " Huguenot Emigration to Virginia," pages viii, 16 and 55. 

It would appear that Jacob Flournoy came in the second convoy, 
page 23. Other interesting and curious corroborations will appear in 
the publication of the full te.xt of the Geneva M5S., the reproduction of 
which here would make this article too discursive. 

It may be stated, however, that the two sons of Jean Jacques who 


















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■ ** THE FLOURNOY FAMILY. / - -• .193 

returned to Geneva, Gideon and John, pa.2;es S4 and SS, July J\[aga- 
zine, arrived there April nth, 1736. 

From the Patent Books. 

Flournoy, Jacob; No. 10, p. 2S5, 133 acres in Henrico county, Mch. 
29th, 1705. 

Flournoy, John James; No. 10, p. 305, 400 acres on the north side of 
James Fiiver, in Henrico county, January 2d, 1723. 

Flournoy, Francis; No. 10, p. 307, 400 acres on the north side of 
James River, in Henrico county, January 2d, 1723. 

Flournoy, Francis; No. 11, p. 307,. 400 acres on north side of Swift 
Creek, Henrico county, Feb. 20th, 1723. 

Flournoy, John James; No. 11, p. 306, 400 acres on the north side of 
Swift Creek, in Henrico county, January 22d, 1723. 

Flournoy, Francis, Gent.; No. 12, p. 17, 400 acres on the north side of 
Swift Creek, in Henrico county, July 9th, 1724. 

Flournoy, Francis, Gent.; No- 12. p. iS, 400 acres on north side of 
Swift Creek, in Henrico county, July 9th, 1724. 

Flournoy, Francis, Gent- ; No. 12, p. 19, 400 acres on the north side 
of Swift Creek, in Henrico county, July 9, 1724. 

Flournoy, John James & Dan'l Stoner; No. iS. p. 4, 400 acres in 
Goochland county, June i6th, 173S. 

Flournoy, John James & Dan'l Stoner; No. 18, p. 5, 300 acres in 
Goochland county, June i6th, 173S. 

Flournoy, John James & Dan'l Stoner; No. iS, p. 6, 400 acres in 
Goochland county, June i6th, 173S. 

Flournoy, John James & Dan'l Stoner; No. iS, p. 7, 400 acres in 
Goochland county, June i6th, 173S. 

Flournoy, John James & Dan'l Stoner; No. 18, p. 37, 227 acres in 
Goochland county, June i6th, 173S. 

Flournoy, John James & Dan'l Stoner; No. 18, p. 38, 200 acres in 
Goochland county, July 20th, 1738. 

John James Flournoy was surety on the marriage bond of Giles 
Allegre, June 7, 1730, at Goochland, as follows: 

" Know all men by these Presents that wee Giles Allegre & John 
James Flournoy are holden and firmly bound unto our Sovereign Lord 
King George and to his Heirs & Successors in the Sum of fifty pounds 
Curr't money to the payment of which will and truly to be made Wee 
bind us and either of us Our and each of Our Heirs Executors &c. 
Joyntly and severally firmly by these Presents. 

"Sealed with our Seals and dated the twenty seventh day of June, 
1730. 

"The Condition of this obligation is such that if there is no lawfull 
cause to obstruct a marriage intended to be had and solemnized be- 



Sel ..Mi].'. A -I YnVi..i-K>.I^S Afli " 

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••1 






19i VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

tween the above bound Giles Allegre and Judith Cox then this Obliga- 
tion to be void else in force." 

(Signed) 

Giles Allegre, 
John James Flournov. 
Sealed & delivered in presence of 
Henry Wood. 

I, P. G. Miller, deputy clerk of the County Court of the county of 
Goochland, Virginia, do certify that the foregoing is a true copy of the 
bond of Giles Allegre, for marriage license, executed before Henry 
Wood, clerk of said court, June 7th, 1730; the original of which said 
bond is filed as a record in the office of the clerk of said court. 

Given under my hand this 13th day of July, 1S94. 

P. G. Miller, Deputy Ckrk. 

The ''Huguenot Emigration to Virginia," page 88, the register of 
baptisms, '."the i8th December, 1732, was born Judith, daughter of 
Giles Allegre." Other mention occurs, and a foot note on page So 
tells us that Albert Gallatin married Sophia Allegre, a great grand- 
daughter of Giles Allegre, April 23d, 1789, at Richmond, his first wife. 

A list ot tithables,- King William's Parish, June, 1744, in the same 
work, pages 112-114, spells Flournoy's name " Flornoir " and Flournoy 

A conveyance from Mathew Agee, Planter, to John James Flournoy, 
Gentleman, is as follows : 

" This Indenture made the fifteenth day of ffebruary in the year of Our 
Lord Christ One thousand Seven hundred & thirty one Between Mathew 
Agee of Goochland planter of the one part and John James Flournoy 
of Henrico County Gentleman of the other part Witnesseth that the 
said Mathew Agee for «& in consideration of the sum of thirty five 
pounds Curr't money of Virginia & the sum of thirty five pounds paid 
in divers goods, wares & merchantize to the said Mathew by the said 
John James Flournoy in hand paid the receipt whereof he doth hceby 
acknowledge & himself therewith fully satisfied and paid and of every 
part & parcel thereof doth hereby clearly acquit, exonerate and dis- 
charge the said John James Flournoy his Heirs, Executors, Adminis- 
trators and assigns forever, by these presents hath given, granted, 
aliened & Bargained and sold, etifeoff and confirm'd unto the said 
John James Flournoy his Heirs Executors Admr's and Assigns forever 
One tract of land with the Appurtenances containing by Estimation 
five hundred and seventy Acres it being the residue of Eight hundred 
Acres of land which was granted to the said Mathew Agee by two 
patents each bearing date the thirteenth day of January in the year 
one thousand seven hundred & twenty-five. One hundred and thirty 
acres of the said eight hundred acres was demised by the said Mathew 
Agee to Peter Bruce & his assignes and is bounded Vizt Beginning at 



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VI THE FLOURXOV FAMILY. 195 

a Corner scrub oak standing on the South side of Jones Creek, etc., 
^•^c. * * * * adjoining the East side of Mathew's 

Branch and Butting and Bounding on the Lands of Edward Ma.xey. 
ffrancis James, Peter Fore & other lands of the said Mathevv Agee by a 
line of marked trees." 

I, P. G. Miller, deputy clerk of the County Court of Goochland 
county, Virginia, do certify that the foregoing is a true extract from a 
deed recorded in the clerk's office of said court on the 15th day of 
February, 1731, in Deed Book No. i, page 300. 

Given under my hand this 19th March, 1S94. 

P. G. Miller, Deputy Clerk. 
John James Flournov's Children. 

Of the ten children of John James Flournoy, the Immigrant, men- 
tioned on page S4, the July Magazine, we know as follows : 

"Elizabeth Julia, born Deer. 5th, .1721, married Thomas Spencer of 
Virginia. Their children are : Mary Spencer, born Oct. 20th, 1742; Sion 
Spencer, born April 12th, 1744; John Spencer, born Dec. i6th. 1745; 
Elizabeth Julia Spencer, born June i8th, 1747; Ann Spencer, born July 
13th, 1749; Thomas Spencer, Martha Owen Spencer. Samuel wrote 
me on Sept, 7th, 1757, that Spencer had eight children." Gideon 
Flournoy in Geneva MSS. 

The Immigrant's sons Gideon and John returned to Geneva. vj 

Rachel and an unnamed infant died young. 

Samuel founded the.fami'y in Powhatan county; while Mathews, 
David, Thomis and .Mary lived in Prince Edward county, from which 
Mathews emigrated to Northeast Kentucky. 

The Prince Ed\v.\rd County Flournoys. ''■ •'^:*;*« 

Minutes in Order Books, front ij^^ to iSoo. 

Order Book, A, page r. County Court, Prince Edward County, Farm- 
ville, Va. 

At a meeting of the Justices appointed for the county of Prince Ed- 
ward, the eighth day of January, Anno Domini, 1754. 

"This commission of peass being first read and the commission of 
Dedimus Potestatem, David Flournoy, and John Nash Junior adminis- 
tered the oaths of Government, and the oath of a Justice of the Peace, 
and the oath of a Justice of the Peace in Chancery to John Nash the 
elder, George Walker, Joseph Morton, and James Wimbish, Gent., who 
also read and subscribed the Test. Whereupon John Nash the elder 
administered in like manner the aforesaid oaths to David Flournoy and 
John Nash Jun'r, Gent., who also read and subscribed the Test." 

"At a Court held for Prince Edward County, the twelveth day of 
February, 1754. Present, 



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196 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

John Nash, George Walker, Joseph Morton, James Wimbish, and 
David Flournoy, Gentlemen, Justices.'" 

David Flournoy served as a Justice continuously to the r3th day of 
July. 1756. 

August Court, 1756. 

"David Flournoy, Gentleman, was commissioned Sheriff, which or- 
der to wit: A commission from the Honorable Lieutenant Governor to 
David Flournoy, Gent., to be Sheriff of this county during pleasure 
was produced in Court by tne said David Flournoy, and thereupon he, 
together with Robert Hastie and Peter Legrand, his securitys entered 
into and acknowledged their bond in the sum of one thousand eight 
hundred pounds current money; payable and conditioned as in the 
said conditions is di.ected, and the said David Flournoy having first 
taken the oaths appointed by Act of Parliament, instead of the oaths 
of allegance and supremacy repeated and subscribed the Test., was 
sworn Sherif of this county." 

August Court, 1756. 

Hugh Challes and John Nash Jun'r, acknowledged bond to David 
Flournoy in the sum of five hundred Pounds for the said Challes' col- 
lection &c. Whereupon the said Challes was sworn under Sherif and 
by the court ordered to be recorded. 

Nov'r. Court, 1756. 

David Flournoy, Gent., Sheriff of this county, comes into court and 
protests against the insufficiency of the prison. 
January Court, 1757. 

David Flournoy, Gent., Sheriff, acknowledged bond for the collection 
of county levy with Philemon Holcomb, his security. 

David Flournoy, Gent., Sherif, acknowledged bond with John Nash 
Esqr., and Philemon Holcomb his securities for the collection of the 
Pole Tax. 

February Court, 1757. 

Matthews Flournoy was allowed 25 lbs. Tobacco as a witness. 

March Court, 1757. 
Peter Legrand and Matthew Flournoy are appointed to receve the 
Prison and to receive it when furnished. 

April Court, 1757. um 

Thomas Flournoy, took the oath to His majesties person and Gov- 
ernment and the oath of an under-Sheriff of this county and repeated 
and subscribed the Test. Peter Legrand and Matthew Fluurnoy re- 
port that they have received the prison, and finding it 'veil done had 
received it and the report is ordered to be recorded. 
May Court, 1757. 
Matthew Flournoy, et al., members of the Grand Jury ; Ten Indict- 



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THE FLOURXOY FAMILY. 197 

ments for profane swearing and drunkenness, nine for not attending 
their Parish church. M. Venable Foreman. 

Same court, May, David Flournoy, Gent., Sheriff led to the bar the 
prisoners, Joseph & Tom. 

July Court, 1757. 

Richard Burks, on the motion of David Flournoy, Gent., Sherif of 
this county, sworn and admitted his under-Sherif. 
(Sheriff David died Oct. iSth, 1757. F. R.) 

October Court, 1757. 

James Wimbish was commissioned Sherif and subscribed the Test 
and took the oath of a Sheriff of this county. 
Nov'r Court, 1757. 

Ordered that John Martin, Peter LeGrand, James Wimbish, and 
James Tha.xton, any three of them being sworn do appraise the per- 
sonal estate of David Flournoy, Dec'd, in current money and return 
the same. 

David Flournoy's Est. acct. order, il'\ 14s. 6d. 

To David Flournoy's Estate for going to Wmsburg for a commission, 
Oyer and Terminer trial Randolph's negro and LeGrand negro one 
hundred and twenty -five, 336 O's mcht. Tobacco. 

June Court, 1765. ' ' , 

Matthew Flournoy, Gent, pltff. vs. Xathl. Hoggatt, judgment for sglbs. 
ris. 6d. 

January Court, 1773. 

Thomas Flournoy's ear mark (cattle mark) recorded. A cross in the 
left ear, in the right ear. 

Feby. Court. 1788. 

Thomas Flowrnoury, Ptff, as late High Sherif. 

April Court, 1790. 
Same. 

May Court, 1790. 

Same, vs. his deputy John Holcomb, for collections 2429lbs, 

I2S. iid. one farthing. 

April Court, 1791. 

Thomas Flournoy, 7iilbs. 19s. and i farthing with twenty per centum 
per annum, making 854ibs. 5s. 

February Court, 1792. > 

Thomas Flournoy, late Sherif vs. John Clark, Sheriff, recovered 67lbs. 
6s. 6d. 

May Court, 1792. 

Thomas Flournoy, late Sh'f, was allowed his delinquent tax returned. 



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198 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. j g.;^ 

Nov'r Court, 1796. 
Ann Flournoy, other wise called Nancy Flournoy, vs. Alexander 
LeGrand, civil suit, recovered cost. 

Thomas Flournoy often appears in the records as Plaintiff in suits, 
both law and Chancery. 

May Court, iSoo. 

Thomas Flournoy was exempt from ta.x and levy on his negro, West. 

The foregoing are from the order books of the years indicated. 

Thomas Flournoy was Sheriff of Prince Edward county, Virginia, 
in 17S6 and 17S7 {Calendar of Virginia State Papers), and member of 
the House of Delegates, 17S0 [Journal). He was appointed County 
Lieutenant (Commander m chief of Militia) of Prince Edward, in 17S3. 
( Calendar). 

This David Flournoy at his death devised and bequeathed his estate 
as follows: - , . . . .: • ; ;,- 

David Flournoy's Will. 

I, David Flournoy, being in lowe and weake condition do make and 
ordain this my Last Will and Testament. In the name of God, Amen. 

First, I desire that al' my just debts may be paid by my executors 
hereafter named; then I give my brother, Mathews Flournoy five 
hundred acres of land, lying and being in the county of Prince Edward, 
joining Jno. Martin, Abraham Baker, and Charles Anderson, to him 
and his heirs fr rever. I likewise give to the said Matthews two hun- 
dred acres of land in Chesterfield to him and to his heirs forever. I 
likewise give the sd. Matthews Flournoy all the Profit of my Sheriff's 
office, if any due, and fifty pounds to be raised out of my estate as 
soone as possible by making crops to him and to his heirs forever. 

Then I give my brother, Thomas Flournoy, my plantation whereon I 
now live with six hundred and eighty acres land joining thereto to him 
and to his heirs forever. I likewise give the said Thomas Flournoy, 
f.ve negroes (viz) Will, Suckey, Patience, Lucy, and Frank, to him and 
to His Heirs forever. I also give the sd. Thomas my stock of all kind 
together with my household furniture and wearing apparel to him .=ind 
to his heirs forever. Then I give to my sister, Mary Booker, one small 
negro Girl Named Molly and her futur increase to her and to her 
heirs forever. 

And lastly, I do appoint Thomas Scott my hole and sole e.xecutor to 
this my last Will and Testament. 

In witness, I have set my hand and seal this 7th day Sept. 1757- 

David Flournoy, (Seal). 



Jacob Womack, 
John Watkins, 
William Bumpass. 



A Copy — Teste : 

H. R. Hooper, C. C. 



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THE FLOUKXOV FAMILY, 



199 



December Court, 1757. 
An Inventory of David Flournoy's estate returned amount to three 
hundred and thirty-five pounds, fifteen shillings, and ten pence half 
penny, and was by the court ordered to be recorded. 



An Inventory of the Estate of Danid Flovrnov, Dec'd 
Dec'r. Court, 1757. 

L. .s o. o. i^ o 



I Bed and furniture, L 300 i Do. & fur. in her 

I Table, 3 chests, and S chairs 

I Saddle and Bridle, 35s. i Box Iron, 7s. 6d 

I pair money scales, 9s. i Tea, 9s 

1 Candle Stick, & 4s. 6d., i pair Broken Gold But.. . 
iVz oz. Old Silver 7s. 6d., a parc'l earthenware 

2 Punch Bowls, is. icd., is. 2d. i Doz. Pewter Plates 

2 Diches, 3s. 3d. Plates los. 2d. Barows 5s 

I Bible and Prayer Book 12s. 6d., i Gun 15s 

I Old Iron Kettle and Pan 73. 6d. i Looking Glass 

>2 Doz. Knives 5s. 2 Iron Potts 20s i 

I Washing Tub 3 pales r Tubb 

I Tub IS. I Horse Brush and Bottle Ink is. 6d. . 

I Pr. Traces, Hames, Leather, (ic, 7s 

3 Bits 6s. I Negro Fellow, West L60 60 

I Negro Woman, Suckey L. 60; Negro Woman, Patience, 

L. 60 J 20 

I Negro Child, Molly L. 10. Do. Frank, L. 10 20 

I Negro Gal, Lucy . 30 

I Horse L. 12, i Do. L. 7, i Do. L. 7 

1 do. L. 4 S. o. I Mare and Colt, L. 5 

18 Head Cattle, L. 20, about 30 bushels Corn L. 16, 
33 Old Hogs and 9 Pigs 



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L-335 
A Crop of Tobacco not yet finished. 

" Pursuant to an order of Prince Edward Court, we the subscribers 
Mitt. Being first sworn, according to law, apprais'd the above estate 
of David Flournoy, Deceased, in current money. 

" Given under our hands this 30th day December, 1757. 

"Thom's Scott, Executor:' 



"James W^imbish," 
"John Martin," 
"James Thackston. 



A Copy— Teste : 



H. R. Hooper, C. C. 



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200 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Mary Flournov (Booker): She was the Sth child of Jean Jacques 
Flournoy, born Feby. 23d, 1735. Married William Booker, of Prince 
Edward county. Died between Sept. Sth, 1798, the date of her will, 
and April 21st, iSoo, the date of its record in the clerk's office at Farm- 
ville, Va. 

The will of \Vm. Booker, her husband, is dated Aug. 20th, 17S3, and 
was recorded Oct. 20th, 17S3, in county court clerk's office, Farmville, 
Va. This will nentions the following children: (i) Gideon Booker; 

(2) Jane Davis Booker, the wife of Jacob Moi-ton; (3) Mary W. Booker; 
(4) William Flournoy Booker; (5) John Booker; (6) Thomas Booker; 
(7) Elizabeth Julia Booker; (S) Frances Booker; 19) Rebecca Booker; 
(ro) Nancy Booker. 

The will of Mary Booker, his widow, mentions the following children: 
(i) Gideon Booker; (2) Jane Davis Morton; (3) Mary W. Booker; (4) 
William Flournoy Booker; (5) John Booker; (6) Elizabeth Julia Green; 
(7) Rebecca Smith. 

Booker: The "Huguenot Emigration to \'irginia," page 4S, mentions 
among those who came "In ye fourth Shipp," "John Leroy booker, 
and his wife and one Child." It is reliably stated that "^ince 1757 the 
Booker family has had representatives in Amelia and Prince Edward 
counties. 

Thomas Flournoy : Was the 6th son and youngest child of Jean 
Jacques, born Nov. 28, 173S. 

From this one of the brothers can be traced the descent of the pres- 
ent generation of the Prince Edward-Brunswick Flournoys. He 
married Ann Martin. Who she was or where she came from cannot 
be ascertai -ed from the records. 

Thomas Flournoy's will was recorded Feb. i6th, iSoi, in Will Book 
3, page 204. From it it appears that his wife Ann survived him. They 
were the parents of: 1 1) David Flournoy; (2) John James Flournoy; 

(3) Elizabeth Julia Flournoy; (4) Mary Flournoy; (5) Ann Flournoy; 
(6) Lucy Faris Flournoy; (7) Marcia Martin Flournoy, and possibly 
another son. No copy of his will was furnished for publication. 

The tracing of the descendants of these will be deferred for the pres- 
ent, as the information is as yet too general and lacks minuteness in 
many essentials. 

For the greater part of the foregoing information concerning the 
Prince Edward-Brunswick Flournoys, the compiler is indebted to Col. 
J. P. Fitzgerald, of Farmville, Va., whose wife is of the descent. Col. 
Fitzgerald is yet at work on this matter, and care will be taken to 
compile with such minute accuracy as to dates, localities, etc., as will 
obviate the confusion that would otherwise arise from the recurrence of 
the same names, John James, David, Mathews, Julia, Josiah, Francis, 
etc. The Brunswick county, Va., Flournoys are of the Prince Edward 
branch. 



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THE FLOURNOV FAMILY. 201 

RELiGiors Predilections.— That the Flournoy who settled in the 
city of Calvin was a Calvinist is true. 

The immigrant Flournoys, in common with the other Huguenot 
refugees, conformed to the Episcopal Church, as by law established in 
the Colony, as the " Huguenot Emigration " shows. 

The following e.xtracts from the records of Briery Presbyterian 
Church, Prince Edward county, show that this branch early reverted 
to a more stalwart form of Calvinism than was to be found within the 
fold of the Established Church, and to this they have ever since adhered, 
it is thought. 

'A manual | For | the members of { The | Briery Presbyterian Church, 
I Virginia. | Compiled By | James W. Douglas. | Printed by order of 
the Session, | Derr., 1S2S." 

" A Sketch of the History of Briery Presbyterian Church." 

* * * "Between 1755 and 1760, most probably, the church of 
Briery was organized by the Rev Robert Henry." Accounts of various 
irregular supplies, then: ' In 1766, a plan was adopted for establishing a 
permanent fund for the support of the Gospel. About three hundred 
pounds was obtained by subscription, and appropriated to the purchase 
of servants." (Evidently negro mechanics to hire out). 

"In the appropriation of their funds many will think they erred, but 
it was the error of the age in which they lived, and their names and 
motives should be respected by their descendants." 

Their narrius are as follows: " .Mathias Flournoy, * ^ each ^10; 
Thomas Flournoy, ■' * each 5 pounds ; William Booker, ^ * 
^3 each; William Rivers, Richard Rivers, * • ^i each." 

In the account of the ministers, trustees, elders, etc., appears: " In 
January, 182S, Mr. James W. Douglas began to preach, as stated sup- 
ply, engaged for six months." 

A list of the officers and private members of Briery Church: 
" Ministers." 

"Rev. Robert Henry settled about 1760, died about 1766." 

The ninth minister is "James Walter Douglas, settled January i, 
182S, served all the Sabbaths per month, died December 28th. 1S2S.'' 

Among the Trustees appears, " 6th William Booker, died " — no date. 
Among the members is No. " 45 Matthews Flournoy, withdrew, died " — 
no dates. No. " 46, Eliz. Flournoy, wife of Matthews, died " — no dates. 

Evidently she died a member of that Church; he had withdrawn, 
probably to go " West " to Kentucky. This coincides with the idea of 
her death having occurred before he went west, as she did not sign the 
deeds he made in selling his lands. 

No. "64" is "Col. Thomas Flournoy, died" — no date. ''65, Anne 
Flournoy, wife of Thomas, died June 1S14.'' 

No. "219, Ann C. Flournoy, wife of John J. 241. Received Apl. 181 r." 

No. "241, John J. Flournoy, son of Thomas, received July 7th, 1822, 



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202 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

removed Coll. (?) 1S2S." No. "329, Ann E. Flournoy, daughter of John 
J., 241, received May 25. 1828." 

No. 67 is "Mai. Jacob Morton," and Xo. "410, Thomas Flournoy, 
grandson of Jacob Morton, 67," received Dec. 25, 182S. "411, Frances 
M. Flouriioy, wife of Thomas, 410, received Deer. 25, 182S." 

The names Morton, Spencer, Booker, etc., run all through the lists. 

Mathews (the name appears as Mathew, Mathias, Matthews and 
Mathews) Flournoy: Was the 5th son and 7th child of the Huguenot 
Immigrant Jean Jacques. He was born June 21st, 1732. S&e July Mag- 
azine, page 84. By deeds now of record at FarmviUe, Va., he con- 
veyed his lands in Prince Edward county on May loth, 1757, Feby. 12th, 
1760, and May 20th, 1765. He removed to Kentucky — the e.<:act date 
of his emigration not being known — and while returning to Kentucky 
from Virginia was killed by Indians. The locality of his death is 
stated as Cumberland Gap, Ky., by the Kentucky t'-adition, and Crab 
Orchard by the Virginia tradition. From the locality of the two places, 
Cumberland Gap being en route, the Kentucky tradition is probably 
correcL He left many descendants. It would seem he made many 
trips to and fro before he met his death at the hands of the aborigines. 

The tradition obtaming in the Northeast Kentucky branch of the 
family concerning the death of their propositus, Mathews, is furnished 
by John Flournoy Henry, Esq., 2d Vice-President of the Louisville Trust 
Co., Louisville, Ky., his great grandson, as follows : 

"Matthews Flournoy, returning from Virginia, was killed by the In- 
dians near Cumberland Gap. He was with Whitney, a celebrated 
Indian fighter, and others. Being attacked they sought the protection 
of the forest trees. Soon Whitney called to Matthews Flournoy ' why 
do you remain behind one tree.' Change from one to another or they 
will kill you.' Flournoy replied, ' I cannot move, they have shot me 
through the knee.' Just then Whitney saw a stalwart Indian with his 
arrow drawn upon Flournoy. He raised his rifle, hoping to kill the 
Indian before he had slain his friend, but the Indian was too quick. 
His arrow pierced the heart of Flournoy almost at the same instant 
that Whitney's rifle ball entered the vitals of the Indian. Whitney and 
his companions were driven from the torest, but returned to carry off 
the body of their companion, Flournoy, and found it so eaten by wolves 
that they buried it on the spot where he was killed." 

Mathews Flournoy's Family. 

He married, according to Mr. Henry's narrative, about 1755, in Vir- 
ginia, the widow of Charles Smith, formerly Miss Elizabeth Pryor, 
daughter of William Pryor. Their children were as follows: (i) Rob- 
ert Flournoy; (2] Samuel Flournoy; (3) David J. Flournoy; (4) John J. 
Flournoy; (5) Francis Flournoy; (6) .Mathews, Jr., Flournoy; (7) Patsey 
(who married Wells in Virginia); (8) Thomas; (9) Elizabeth Julia, who 



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THE FLOURNOV FAMILY. 203 

married Gen. William Henry, of Scott county, Kentucky, Oct. 12th, 
17S6, and died in 1S13, aged 45 years, 6 months and 12 days. 

Of these children, the two sons Robert (i) and Thomas (8), went to 
Georgia and founded families. 

The information is that Robert never went to Kentucky, but ran away 
from his father in Virginia and went to Georgia, possibly about the 
close of the Revolution, 17S0, perhaps. Was a land surveyor. The 
county or place at which he settled has not been given. Thomas went 
first to Kentucky and was then induced by his elder brother, Robert, to 
go to Georgia; was aided by Robert in his legal studies, and became 
prominent at Augusta, Georgia. 

In a general way it may be stated that the descendants of Mathews. 
Sen'r. (born 1732), settled in Northeast Kentucky, in "the Blue Grass," 
as follows: 

David Flournoy lived in Woodford county, Kentucky, in 1785. Mat- 
thews Flournoy (junior), was a member of the Kentucky House of Rep- 
resentatives for Fayette county in 1826(1821 ?). and of the Kentucky State 
Senate, i82i-'5. J. J. Flournoy was a member of the Kentucky House 
of Representatives for Pendleton county in iSoo. David Flournoy, of 
Scott county, was a member of the Kentucky State Senate, 1800-1804; 
Representative, 1799. John Flournoy was a member of the Kentucky 
House of Representatives from Scott county. 1796. M. Flournoy was 
a member of the Kentucky House of Representatives from Shelby 
county, 1805 (iSoi?). John J. Flournoy was a member of the Kentucky 
House of Representatives from Boone county, 1814-15. (Collin's His- 
tory of Kentucky); but volume and page not cited by my informant. 
(Was not this same Mathews Flournoy a candidate in 183 — for the 
Governorship of Kentucky as a Democrat? F. R.) 

The Powhatan County Flournovs. . '-' 

Samuel, third child and second son of Jean Jacques, was born Oct. 

4th, 1724. He married Elizabeth Harris, Apl. 9th, 1748. The marriage 

bond is of record at Goochland, Va., as is her father's written consent 

that the clerk may issue the marriage license. 

Consent of John Harris. 
Sir. Aprill i, 1748. 

I do hereby signifie my Consent that you grant a Certificate for Mr. 
Samuel Flournoy to be married to my daughter Elizabeth. 

Witness— John Harris. 

James Harris, 
William Harris. 

Marriage Bond of Sa.ml. Flournoy. ** 

Know all men by these Presents that wee Samuel Flournoy and 
Henry Wood are holden and firmly bound unto our Sovereign Lord 



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204 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

King George the Second and to his Heirs and Successors in the Sum 
of fifty pounds Cinr't money to the payment of w'ch well and truly to 
be made wee bind ourselves and either of us our and either of Our 
Heirs Executors and Adm'rs Joyntiy and severally firmly by these Pres- 
ents. Sealed with our Seals and dated this Second Day of April), 174S 

The condition of this Obligation is such that if there be no lawfull 
Cause to obstruct a Marriage intended to be had and solemnized be- 
tween the above bound Samuel Fluurnoy and Elizabeth Harriss then 
this obligation to be void else in force. 

Sealed and delivered 

in presence of ^.^ ; ,., . ,,. , ., Samuel Flolrnoy, 
■ • H.Wood. 

I, P. G. Miller, deputy clerk of the County Court of Goochland 
county, Virginia, do certify that the foregoing is a true copy of the 
marriage bond of Samuel Flournoy, dated April 2d, 1748. and, together 
with the written consent of John Harris, thereto attached, filed as a 
record in clerk's office of said Court. 

Given under my hand this 19th day of March, 1S94. 

P. G. Miller, Deputy Clerk. 

It appears elsewhere herein that Mr. \\'ood uas the clerk of the 
court. Hence it probably is that nobody "testes" his and Fiournoy's 
signature to the bond. 

Elizabeth Harris Flournov. — Her descent appears from the 
'• Harris Genealogy," in the Records of the Virginia Historical Society, 
which was recently compiled by W. G. Stanard, Esq., of Richmond, 
Va., for Mrs. Virginia M. Harris Van Voast, wife of Col. James Van 
Voast, U. S. Army, retired, 123 east Third Street, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

"Capt. Thomas Harris was a member of the Virginia Company, 
1609; came to the Colony in 161 r, and settled in the present Henrico 
county; received grants of land, i635-'S; was a member of the House 
of Burgesses, 1623, 1639, 1646. Father of: Major William Harris, Jus- 
tice of Henrico, member of the House of Burgesses, 1652, 1653, 1656 
and i657-"S; appointed by the Assembly, Dec, 1656, Major of the Regi- 
ment of Henrico and Charles City. Will probated in Henrico county 
(Richmond), Feby. ist, 167S. Father of: Thomas Harris, of Henrico 
county, will proved June, 1730. Father of: John Harris, will probated 
at Cumberland C. H., 1751." Father of: Elizabeth Harris, who was 
born Dec. 31st, 1729, married Samuel Flournoy, April 9th, 174S, whose 
will, made May 15th, 17S9, probated May 19th, 1791, is of record in 
Will Book, No. I, page 200, Powhatan C. H. (For her birth see 
Geneva MSS). 

John Harris, of Cumberland, in his will dated March 23d, M. D. C 
C. X. L. J. X. L., gives his daughter, Elizabeth Flournoy, 250 pounds 
"current money of Virginia," and 3 negroes, Phil, Dilcey and Hannah; 



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THE FLOURNOV FAMILY. 205 

and to his granddaughter, Ursley Flournoy, one negro, Magdalen, and 
appoints Samuel Flournoy one of the executors. Probated .May Court, 
1751. Sarah Harris, single, of Cumberland, in her will, dated .May 4th, 
1754, gives her neice, Elizabeth flournoy, certain furniture. 

S.A.MUEL FlOURNOY'S ChILDRE.N. 

The children of Samuel Flournoy, as set out in the July Jfaj^azine, 
page S9, are given again because of the reference to them in the docu- 
ments printed below, and because of more accurate data concerning 
some of them: (i) Ursula, born May 15th, 1749; (2) Gideon, born Feby. 

20th, 1752; (3) John, born April 29th, i754; (4) ^lary ; (5) Samuel, 

born Deer. 9th, 175S; (6) David, born April 14th, 1761 (died in Cald- 
well county. West Ky., June 30th, 1S3T); {7) Jordan, born Sept. 20th, 

1763; (S) Elizabeth Julia, born Xovr. 25th, 1765; Thomas ; Silas, 

born June 4th, 1774 ; and the Parish Register of the Rev. William Doug- 
las, of which more will be said below, gives also: .Martha, born Feby. 
— , 1768; as no mention is made of her in her father's will, she proba- 
bly died in childhood and before her father, as neither his will nor her 
mother's mentions her. 

"Full Abstract from the Parish Register of William Douglas, made by 
Robert W. Lewis, of No. 2307 E. Franklin Street, Richmond, Va., who 
now owns it: 

" Note. — In ilie Register of Baptisms are two leaves torn out which 
contained 200 Baptisms, viz: from Augt. 29th,- 1762, to Mch 31st, 1763. 
Thirty clean leaves and five written ones were torn out while left at 
Goochland C H. and at Tucker Woodson's by William Douglas. I 
know not if the five leaves include the two leaves of Baptisms. From 
Aug. 9th, 177S, the Register is left vacant until taken up in Louisa 
county, April iSth, 1781. 

"William Douglas was voted out of his Parish, Sept. 5th, 1777, and 
rt tired to his farm in Louisa, where he continued his Register, making 
his last entry July 24th, 1797, when within 10 days of 89 years of age. 

"R. W. L." 
Extracts. 
The Flnurnoy Family; Marriages. 

"Oct. 27, 1755. Jac Fleurnoy and Elizabeth Burner (or Bumer), in 
Maniken Town, p. 2." 

" May 26, 1769. James Harris and Ursley Flournoy, both in Maniken- 
town, p. II." 

Births and Christenings. 

"Jan. 7, 1764. Samuel Flournoy and Elizabeth Harris, a son named 
Jordan, born Sept. 20, 1763, p. 66." 

"Mar. 8, 1766. Samuel Flournoy & Elizabeth Harris, a D. named 
Eiiz. Julie, born Nov. 25, 1765, p. 73." 



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206 VIRCxINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

"Apl. 2, 176S. Sam Fleurnoy and Eliz. Harris, a D. named Martha, 
born Feby. , 176S, p. So.'' 

Of Rev. William Douglas and his ministrations, Bishop .Meade writes 
as follows in "Old Churches, .Ministers and Families of Virginia," 
Vol. I, page 456. et seq. : 

" In the year 1744 the Parish of St. James, Nurtham, was restricted 
to the north side of the river, and that on the south side was called St. 
James, Southam, both of them being in Goochland, which still lay on 
both sides of the river, and e.xtended from the Louisa line to the Ap- 
pomatto.x." 

After the death of Rev. Anthony Gavin, an account of whose labors 
is given, " the Rev. Mr. Douglas was chosen. He entered on his duties 
in 17^0," with an account of his life, character and services. 

" In the year 1777, after a ministry of twenty-seven years, he resigned 
his charge and settled on a farm in Louisa, where he spent the re- 
mainder of his years, which were not many. ••" * * He records one 
thousand three hundred and eighty eight marriages, and four thousand 
and si.xtynine baptisms." All this of St. James, Northam. Of the 
Parish of King William, Manakin Town, Bishop Meade says, page 467, 
" In the year 1739 the Rev. Mr. Gavin baptized in the parish. From 
the year 1750 to 17S0, the Rev. Mr. Douglas, of Goochland, and other 
ministers around, occasionally served it." 

The Bishop says, " From the family of Dupuys I have gotten the old 
church register, which, though rotten and torn in fragments, has been 
kept so as to enable me to obtain the statistics given in this article." 
(Who now owns it ? F. R.) 

WILLS AND ADMINISTRATION'S. 
The compiler is in possession of quite a mass of memoranda from 
the deed books of Goochland, Cumberland and Powhatan counties, 
which he hopes hereafter to publish, but at present, for lack of space, 
he confines this abstract to wills chiefly. 

S.AMUEL FlOURNOV'S WiLL 

The will of Samuel Flournoy, son of Jean Jacques, dated Sept. 5th, 
17S0, is of record in the clerk's office at Powhatan, Will Book I, page 
66; probated Deer. 21st, 1780. Directs the payment of his debts. 
Gives his son, Gideon, during life, the land he lives on, estimated at 
four hundred and seventy-five acres, being the land purchased from 
Joseph Bonderant, John Radford and Richard Epperson," but if my 
s'd son Gideon should marry or reform his life so that it should appear 
to my Exrs so that there was a probability of his not wasting his Es- 
tate," his executors are directed to convev him the land in fee; also 
gives Gideon six negroes, and the stock and feather bed now in his 
possession ; gives son, John Flournoy. the land he lives on, 300 acres, 
except 2S acres on the north side of Lockado's spring branch, and 



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THE FLOURXOY FAMILY. 207 

what the mill-pond overflows; also 200 acres adjoining this land, pur- 
chased of James Lyle. and the eight negroes, the stock and feather 
bed in his possession; to his son, Samuel, tract of 304 acres of land on 
'' Appromattock river" in Chesterfield county, purchased of William 
Harris, seven negroes, 15 head of black cattle, 10 sheep, 2 sows and pigs, 
one year's provision of Pork, the use of a horse one year, one feather 
bed and furniture; to his son, David, 260 acres of land, part of the land 
purchased of testator's brother, Gideon, except 2 acres joining the mill- 
dam, and the land overflowed by the mill-pond, " which s'd land lieth 
on Agee's Creek; " directs how the division lines should be run, dividing 
David and Thomas ; also gives David 100 acres of land purchased of 
John and James Smith, six negroes, one feather bed and furniture; to 
his son, Jordan, the 322-acre tract purchased of James Smith, 2S acres 
adjoining the north side of Lockadoe's spring branch, two acres joining 
the mill-dam, all the land that was overflowed by the mill-pond, seven 
negroes, one feather bed and furniture; to his son, Thomas, 125 acres 
in Powhatan county on "Joneses'" creek, purchased of Richard James, 
160 acres, adjoining, purchased of Peter Bonderant, also 40 acres adjoin- 
ing, being the remainder of the tract bought from the testator's brother, 
Gideon, directs how the dividing line shall run, six negroes, one feather 
bed and furniture; to his son, Silas '(after the death of my wife)," the 
tract of land whereon I now live, 400 acres, six negroes, also " after the 
death of my wife, my still, my silver watch, all my household and 
kitchen furniture"; to my daughter, Ursula Harris, 5 negroes; to his 
daughter, Elizabeth Julia Flournoy, eight negroes, one feather bed and 
furniture; to his grandson, James Harris, one negro boy, Liba ; to his 
grandson, Samuel Harris, 100 acres of land in Chesterfield, which " I 
purchased of his father fames Harris," and '' my lot in Manchester 
Town." Gives his wife his home place for life, with seven negroes, 
with power to dispose of the negroes at her death as she sees fit; directs 
that all the residue of his estate not disposed of be kept together by 
his wife " for the better support, education and maintenance of my chil- 
dren," if his wife should marry then the home place to be divided be- 
tween her and Silas, and she to take a proportionate share with his chil- 
dren then under age, of horses, cattle, sheep, hogs, to dispose of as she 
may see proper ; his sons David, Jordan and Thomas, and his daughter 
Elizabeth Julia, to have their shares as they arrive at majority or marry ; 
his sons Thomas and Silas to be well educated, but if not funds suffi- 
cient, then his executors to sell the hundred acres of land which was 
the widow Lansdon's, and his sorrel colt; if this land not sold then it is 
to be divided between David and Jordan ; if James Bransford complys 
with a certain written agreement his executors are to make Bransford 
a deed to the Flat-rock land ; if David dies under age his land divided 
between Jordan and Silas ; if Jordan dies under age his lands to be di- 
vided between David and Silas ; if Thomas should die under age his 



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208 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

land to be divided between David and Silas; if Silas dies under age 
his lands to be divided between lordan and Thomas ; if Samuel ' should 
die before he returns from the South," his lands to be divided between 
Gideon and Jordan. 

Appoints his brother Thomas Flournov and his friends William Har- 
ris and Anthony Martin executors, "desiring my est. may not be ap- 
praised." 

Witnessed by Geo. Smith, Sim. bryan, James Martin, Wm. McKenzie. 

When the will was probated, Dec. 21st, 17S0, by the e.xecutors named, 
"Elizabeth Flournoy came into court and relinquished her right of 
dower." 

The executors qualified with Richard Crump, Gent., and Thomas 
Harris, their sureties, the penalty being live hundred thousand pounds. 

" Inventory of the Estate of Capt. Samuel Flovrnov, dec'd, 
taken by the executors." 

38 negroes, to-wit. Daniel, Phill, Will, Abraham, Joe, George, Isaac, 
Pop, Cesar, Tim, York, Reuben, Jane, Sampson, Hampton. Pat, Phebe, 
James, Nan, Suckey, Dorcus, Lucy, Annaky, Remer (?), Hannah, Patt, 
Darby, Matt, Peter, Jacob, Shadrack, Kitt, Hannah, Ag:gy, Dilcey, 
Amy, James and Sukey ; Seventeen horses, Sixty four head of cattle, 
ninety sheep, fifty hogs, seven feather beds & furniture, five bedsteads, 
one doz leather chairs & fifteen rush do. Six walnut tables, two pine 
do, one desk, three trunks, four chests, one looking glass, one case & 
eleven bottles, one silver watch, dozen tea spoons and one silver can, 
Harvies Exp'anation on The Old and New Testament, a parcel of 
religious books, half dozen china cups and saucers, one gun, cloth 
brush, pr. tongs & shovel, three pr. andirons, four flat irons, one box 
iron heaters, twelve Jugs, eight knives & forks, one walnut stand, one 
loom, warping box and bars, one riding chair, one wagon & geers, 
four flax wheels, four woolen do, one copper kettle, one brass do, four 
pots, two iron pot racks, three mens saddles, one woman's do, pr. 
money scales & weights, pr. steelyards, four salt cellars, two Razors, 
pr. lancets, pr. silver tongs, one china sugar dish, three dozen pewter 
plates, thirteen dishes, six basons, one large safe, three candle sticks, 
one whip saw, one X cut do, one hand do, two augers, one broad-ax, 
one foot adze, three chisels, one hammer, eight narrow axes, twelve 
hoes, eight plow hoes, one dutch oven, one still & about three hundred 
bushels of wheat in the straw, one hundred barrels of corn, five hhds- 
Tobacco net inspected. 

(Signed) 

WiLL.AM Harris, 
Ant'y Martin. 

At a Court held for Powhatan County the twenty-first day of March, 









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THE FLOURXOV FAMILY. 209 

one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two, this Inventory was pre- 
sented to Court and ordered to be recorded. Wili Book, No. i, p. 72. 
Test: Th Miller, Clk. 

The settlement of the estate of Samuel Flournoy pended in the 
court for some years, as inspection will show. Will Book, No. i, pages 
322, 323, 324,325,326. 

The following proceedings were finally had on the dales given below. 
The account with the e.xecutors is voluminous. 

"Agreeable to an order of the Worshipful Court of Powhatan, We 
the Commissioners have settled the account of Anthonj Martin and 
find the within to contain a just Settlement. 

HOR TURPIN, 
W. S. S.MITH, 

Sa.m Pleasants, 
John Harris. Jr. 
I2th June, 1795. 

" At a court held for Powhatan County, at Scottville, on the i6th day 
of July, 1795. This Settlement of the Estate of Samuel Flournoy, 
dec'd, with Anthony Martin the Executor was returned to Court and 
ordered to be recorded. 

Abner Crump, C P." 
"A copy from Will Book, No. i, pages 322, 323, 324, 325, 326. 

Teste: James A. Tilman, Clerk.'' 

Elizabeth Harris Flournoy's Will. 

The will of the wife of Samuel Flournoy is of record in the county 
court clerk's office, at Powhatan C. H., Va. Will Book, No. i, p. 200. 
The date of this will is May 15, 17S9 The testatrix speaks of herself 
as " of the County of Powhatan and Parish of King William." 

After " Imprinium " commending her soul to God and her body to 
the earth "in hopes of a joyful resurrection," she gives her "son 
Gideon Flournoy," a negro slave, Daniel; to her son John Flournoy, a 
negro woman slave, Pol; to her son Samuel Flournoy, a negro boy 
named " Shederick "'; to her son David Flournoy, a negro girl named 
Moriah ; to her son Jordan Flournoy, a negro man slave. Till; to her 
son Thomas Plournoy. her negro woman named Hannah ; to her son 
.Silas Flournoy, a negro man, Tom, and a negro girl named Hannah, 
daughter of Hannah ; to her granddaughter Elizabeth Harris, daughter 
of " Uasula " Harris, a negro girl named Biddy ; to her granddaughter 
Mary Harris, daughter of ' Wisula " Harris, two black cattle and four 
sheep; to her grandson William H. Britton, son of Elizabeth J. Brit- 
ton, a negro girl named Pat; to her granddaughter Nancy M. P'lour- 
noy, daughter of David, a negro girl, Rachel ; to her sons Thomas 
and Silas, all the residue of her estate, to be equally divided " betwixt " 



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210 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

them; her "beloved sons David and Jordan," appointed executors. 
Witnessed by Peter F. Turpin, \Vm. Sublett and Joseph Sallee. Pro- 
bated at a County Court held at Scottsville for Powhatan county, 
Thursday, May 19th, 1791, by the oaths of William Sublett and Joseph 
Sallee; executors qualified, si^'ing bond in penalty of one thousand 
five hundred pounds, with William Bently surety. 
Samuel Flournoy's son, Thomas, made his will as follows : * 

Thomas Flournoy's Will. 

The will of Thomas Flournoy, son of Samuel and Elizabeth Flour- 
noy, was dated Mch. 14th, 1794, probated Sept. iSth, 1794, Will Book, 
No. I, page 292, county clerk's office, Powhatan C. H. Directs that 
his estate be kept together till all debts paid. Emancipates all his 
slaves and directs his executors to procure certificates of emancipation 
for them from County Court; the males under 21 years to be bound out 
to some industrious mechanic to learn a trade until they reach age of 
21; females under iS bound to some industrious person "to learn to 
Spin, Sew and Weave," until 18 years old. " Forasmuch as it appears 
to me that by nature all mankind has an equal claim to Freedom, it is 
my desire to do them that justice which their situation has denied them, 
and whereas I am called on by the dictates of humanity to liberate all 
my slaves who are able to support themselves by honest industry, 
so am I bound to provide for such as are by length of years and ser- 
vice worn down in feeble old age." 

He therefore gives to his brother Jordan his old negro woman, 
Hannah, and to "enable him to indulge her in as much ease as 
the nature of her health and situation may require," he also gives 
Jordan his " Young Bay filly "; also " for good causes to me known " 
fifty pounds ; to his brother Silas his large bay Mare ; to his brother 
David ten acres of land adjoining his tract. If Hannah did not 
" chuse " to belong to his brother Jordan, she should have the liberty 
of "chusing" with which of his brothers she would live, and that 
brother should have as compensation the bay filly or one equally as 
good; his land sold, and furniture, stock, farming utensils, sold, on a 
credit by his executors, and the monies arising from these sales equally 
divided between Samuel, Jordan and " Sylas " Flournoy, his nephews 
James Harris, William H. Britton. his neice " Polly Flournoy (daughter 
of Gideon)" and " Pernitta E. Flournoy (daughter of David)." The 
legacies of these last to be put at interest till they arrive at 21 or marry; 
should either of these three die before arriving at 21, the father to have 
that share ; to his sister Julia Britton, his "' riding Chair and Harness " ; 
his brothers Jordan and Silas and his cousins John Harris, Jr., and Jor- 
dan Harris, appointed executors. Witnessed by H. Turpin, Thomas 
Harris, Rich. Mosby, John Harris, Jr. 

Probated at Scottsville, at a court held for Powhatan cotintv, Thurs- 



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THE FLOURXOY FAMILY. 211 

day, Sept. iSth, 1794, by the - oathes " of Richard Mosby, John Harris, 
Horatio Turpin; John Harris and Jordan Flournoy qiialihed as execu- 
tors, with Thomas Harris and David Flournoy as sureties on their bond 
for fifteen hundred dollars. 

Gideon Flournoy, son of Samuel, made his will as follows: 

..1 . , Gideon Flournoy's Will. ' 

Dated Dec. 20, 1S19; proven Feby. 15, 1S21. To my son Jno. James 
Flournoy my land, e.vcept 100 acres which I wish sold to pay my Debts, 
if necessary. To my grand-son James Edward Roberts, certain negros! 
To my daughter Mary E. Woodtin ^5.00. To my daughter Martha Wood- 
fin $5-oo. All my estate to remain together until my son John J. Flour- 
noy is 21 years old. My executors shall sell my land in Pittsylvania Co. 

I appoint my brother Jordan Flournoy, my Son-in-law [ohn Roberts 
and my friend Jno. Maxey, Executors of my will. 

Will Book, Xo. 6, p. 113. 

William B. Flournoy, of Dorset P. O., is believed to be the only per- 
son named " Flournoy " now living in Powhatan. He is the son of the 
foregoing John James, son of Gideon. 

Yet another son of Samuel Flournoy, Jordan, devised and be- 
queathed as follows: . ,. 

Jordan Flournoy's Will. 

Dated 2ist June. 1833 ; proven Augt. 5, 1S33. To my son John James 
Flournoy the land I now live on containing 750 acres more or less. 
To my sons Gustavus & Thomas in trust for my son William, certain 
slaves &c. To my daughter Lucy personal property & 52000 00,' on con- 
dition that if none of her children are raised to maturity or marry, then 
it shall return to my estate. To my grand-son Wm. Ball, one negro & 
I500. To my grand-daughter Judith Elizabeth Ball, one negro & 5500.00. 
To Robert Poor of the City of Richmond $300.00, which amount my late 
wife, Sarah, requested I would leave to her brother, Robert Crouch, 
who by his will devised the same to said Poore. 

" And at the request of my late wife, Sarah, I give to Elizabeth Snead 
and Mary Crouch, daughters of the late John Crouch of Goochland 
county, Gabriella G. Anderson, formerly Gabriella G. Crouch, daugh- 
ter of Richard Crouch, Jr., each, 5300. I appoint my sons George W. 
and John James Flournoy, executors." 

Will Book, No. 9, page 192. Powhatan C H., Va. 

The Chesterfield Flolrnoys. 
That the Flournoys of Chesterfield county descend from Francis, son 
of Jacob, rhe Immigrant, is now certain. E. H. Flournoy, the present 
circuit court clerk at Chesterfield C H., is the son of Samuel ; the son 
of Josiah; the son of Francis; the son of Jacob. 












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212 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Richard \V. Flournoy, of Richmond, is at work on this line, being^ 
likewise a descendant of Josiah Flournoy. 

The Fiournoys of Columbus. Ga., and Eufala, Ala., descend from 
Gibson, another son of Francis. .Air. Robert Flournoy, of " Broken 
Arrow" Plantation, Columbus, Ga., is interesting himself in this line. 

All minuter details of descent will be hereafter given as fast as sup- 
plied. 

Some imperfect memoranda from Chesterfield C. H. are herewith 
given as being of some possible service. 

Will Books, Chesterfield Countv Court. 

Francis Flournoy, to wife Mary, 4 negroes and use of Plantation, 
etc.; at death, to children. Daughters, Mary, Jane, Sarah and Martha. 
Sojis, Jacob (200 a), Francis (2co a , William 300 a), Gibson, James, 
Josiah; Grandsons, Francis ison of Jacob), Jacob, Francis, [ames, Gib- 
son, William and Josiah, 10 a each. Sons Jacob and Francis Extr's. 
Will dated Apl. 13th, 1770. Probated Mch. 5th, 1773. No. 2, p 262. 

James Flournoy, wife Keziah. Sons, Jacob, James; Daughters, 
Martha Farrar, Lydia Dunnavent; other children, Forest, Rhoda, 
Nancy, Peggy Jones, Seth Ward, Hannah, Nelson, Elizabeth, Jean 
(John) (?), Francis, Polly. Nephews: Francis, son of William; sister 
Mary VVooIdridge, and her son Edward Wooldridge. Brothers, Wm. 
and John Flournoy, E.x'rs, dated January ist, 1795- Witnesses Peter 
P., and Edward F. Flournoy, Book No. 5, page 446. 

Francis Flournoy; proven Mar. 5th, 1773. James Flournoy; proven 
Oct. i3lh, iSoo. John Flournoy; proven Aug. 12th, iSii. 

Marriage Bonds and Marriages. 

Lydia Flournoy and Francis Dunnavant, Sept. 22d, 1792. 

John Flournoy and Sarah Labburine (or Labarrean ?), Jan. 3d, 17S4. 

Wm. Flournoy and Edith Friend ; Wm. Flournoy and Phebe Farrar. 
Two dates are given. Mar. 7th, 1776, and Dec. 21st, 1790; but to the 
marriage with which wife which date relates the compiler cannot now 
state. 

Gibson Flournoy and Patsy Ashurst, July 17th. 1792. 

John Flournoy and Martha Nunnally, May ist, 1797. 

Judith Flournoy and Josiah Hatcher, Aug. iSth, 17S3. 

Hannah Flournoy and William T. Hodgson, Feby. loth, 1794. 

Mary Ann Flournoy and Peter Mahone, Feby, 6th, 17S4. 

Sarah Flournoy and Richard Traylor (or Reuben Taylor?!', Oct. 27th, 
1787. 

Lawrence Flournoy, Inquisition of Lunacy on, Nov. loth. 17S5. 

Deeds. — Mathew Flournoy to Humphrey Hill. &c., Jany. 22, i754- 
David Flournoy to Jno. Weaver, May 3, 1754. David Flournoy to Jno. 
Clay, May 3, 1754. Francis Flournoy to Jacob, Francis, Jr., & James 
Flournoy, Dec, 1754. Francis Flournoy to Wm. Locket, Jr., Sept. 5, 1755. 



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THE FLOURNOV FAMILY. 213 

F'rancis Flournoy to Ed. Wooldrid^e ibis son-in law), July 29, 1749- 
Matt. Flournoy to Jno. J. Trabue, Mar. 31, 175S. Jacob, Francis, Jr., & 
Jas. Flournoy to Francis Flournoy (their father). June 5, 1761. Jno. 
Flournoy to Saml. Flournoy Aug. 4, 1761. Jacob Flournoy to William 
Akin, May 21, 1772. Josiah Flournoy to Jacob, Francis & Jas. Flournoy, 
Jany. 6, 1775. Jacob Flournoy to Ro. Donald, Mar. 6, 1777. Lorance 
Flournoy to Jno. Hill, June 5, 177S. las. Flournoy to David Moriset, 
Dec. 4, 177S. Lawrence Flournoy to Jno. Farrar, May 4, 1779 Jacob 
Flournoy to Jno. Hill, Xcv. 4, 1779. Jno. Flournoy to Mary Ann Labar- 
rear (?), Nov. 12, 17S5. James Flournoy to Jacob Flournoy, his son, 
Nov. 6, 1786. Jacob Flournoy to Jolm Flournoy, Dec. 7, 1793. Gibson 
Flournoy to Edward Branch. Jan. 25. 1794. James Flournoy to Nelson 
Flournoy, Sept. 7, 1794. Laurence Flournoy to \Vm. Roberts, Apl. 13, 
1796. David Flournoy to Bernard Fowler, Jan. 29, 1795. Jacob Flour- 
noy to Daniel Bates, May 5, 1798. Jacob Flournoy to F. W. Dunnavant, 
Oct. 12, iSoi. Nelson Flournoy to Ro. Elam, .Mar. 2, 1S03. \Vm. 
Flournoy to John Flournoy, June 15, 1S03. John B. Flournoy to Jas. 
Flournoy, May 6, 1S04. Jacob Flournoy to J. Baugh, Sept. 2, 1S04. 
Dan'l Flournoy and John T. Flournoy to Mat Farley, Nov. S, 1S05. 
Gibson Flournoy to Dan'l Flournoy, Sept. S, 1S06. David Flournoy to 
Dan'l Wooldridge, Jan. 31, 1S07. Jno. Flournoy to Geo. Blankenship, 
May 30, 1S07. ' Jno Flournoy to Ezekiel Blankenship, May 30, 1S07. 
W'm. Flournoy to Jno. Flournoy, Jany. 7, iSoS. Gibson Flournoy to 
Jacob Flournoy (his son I, Jany. 3, 1809. Ann Flournoy, wife of Jacob, 
to Jas. G., & Arch'd Flournoy, Nov. 7, iSoS. Josiah Flournoy & wife, 
Ann Flournoy, Saml. Flournoy & his wife Phebe Flournoy to Abijah 
Cheatham, Jany 10, iSro. William Flournoy to Edmund Locket, June 
2, iSro. Nelson Flournoy to Jno. Ward, Feby. 11, iSii. Samuel Flour- 
noy to Daniel Flournoy, Octo. 17, i8[2. 

Ln Conclusion. 

The compiler hopes to publish a translation of the fiill text of the 
Geneva MSS. Genealogy of 1732 in the New Year's Number, Jan. ist, 
1895. He asks that all omissions and errors heretofore made be pointed 
out for correction. 

The Revolutionary Soldier, the Civil War, and many interesting lines 
are as yet untouched. Much yet remains to be done to reach and 
arouse all the members of so extensive a connexion, though many 
members of it are now at work. 

Many things at present omitted for lack of space he hopes hereafter 
to publish. 

(To BE Continued ) 



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{ as-JYATKoO a« oT) 



214 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 2 i C i 

Historical Notes and Queries. .,.^^',1,]. 

•-;:'■ [ .-.r 

Errata. 
The errata, page 453, number 4, volume I, says: on page 326, for 
school read schools, and that the words Lower Norfolk county, on the 
same page, should be omitted. It should be that the word school, on 
line 13, page 326, should be schools, and the words Lower Norfolk 
county, same line and page, should be omitted. 



Letter of Colonel Lewis Willis. 

Letter of Col. Lewis Willis, of Willis Hill, near Fredericksburg, 
from Washington's Headquarters in New Jersey, in 1777, to Chas. 
Gates, of Fredericksburg, Va. Contributed by Dr. A. G. Grinnan, of 
Madison county, Va. 

Headquarters, Middlebrook, 19 June. 1777. 

My dear Friend, Your four letters of 7th and 27 of May and ist & 
loth of June came safe to hand, for which I return you a thousand 
thankj, and I hope and beg you to continue to write to me. Tiie letter 
you enclosed from my wife, gave me a great deal of uneasiness, therein 
she mentions being under inoculation for Small po.\. My acquaint- 
ances had heard that she was extremely ill, and I was afraid to write 
to her but wrote to you by Capt. Cobbs to be informed of particulars. 
At the time uc were in great hurry and confusion, tents struck, every 
thing packed, and we expected to attack the enemy in an hour or two, 
being only five or Six Miles distant from each other. 

I will endeavour to describe the Situation as well as I can, with Such 
a pen, and lying flat on the ground on a blanket, as every thing I have 
except one Suit of wearing apparel is in wagons to be sent out of the 
way, and has been there since I wrote to you by Cobbs. 

Our army, that is the one here immediately under Gen. Washington, 
lies between two Mountains, high and rocky, the one behind the enemy 
is remarkably so; there are four gaps and these are now thorongly 
fortified. 

Muhlenberg's Brigade is now stationed at Street's Gap, and is joined 
by a great number of militia, who have turned out beyond our most 
sanguine expectations. And it is the case not only here, but many 
have joined Gen. Sullivan at Prince town, and have been in a small 
action and behaved well. It is said that Gen. Mifflen will have seven 
or eight thousand Pennsylvania Militia on the south side of the Dela- 
ware to oppose the enemy if they make for Philadelphia. And I 
understand we are to wait their motion, and fall on their rear. The 
Brigades of Gen. Mifflen, Sullivan, Scott and Muhlenburg, and Col. 
Morgans Riflemen, who are lying close about there day and night,, are 
to be in the front. 






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NOTES AND QUERIES. ' 215 

It is said that Putnam will join us soon from Peekskill, with three 
or four thousand Yankeys. From Streets Gap you may see the 
enemys waggons and tents stretched along upon the high ground just 
above Somerset Court Piouse. I understand they have three encamp- 
ments, Somerset, Brunswick and Midway between. 

We have had no skirmishing here, but Morgans Riflemen have had 
a couple of skirmishes, loosing a man and two wounded. Your friends 
here are all well ; I have seen Gens. Woodford and Weedon since I 
received your letter, and presented your compliments to them. For- 
sythe and Day I have not seen yet. What I have wrote is mostly from 
information, as my bounds are circumscribed to a very small compass. 
I dare not go half a mile from Camp without a pass, from the Brigadier, 
and it is the case with all Colonels through the line. I am more con- 
fined than I was at school with your relation Parson Yates. * * * 

(Signed) Lewis Willis. 

Since writing the above the Jersey Militia has taken two British offi- 
cers and twelve privates, and the enemy has returned from Somerset 
Court House into Urunswick again, so I am in hope we shall get a 
little rest, unless it be some manewvre of Howes to get dcwn towards 
Philadelphia another day. 

L. W. 



Parishes of Norfolk County. 

We are indebted to Mr. William A. Stewart, of Portsmouth, for the 
following lists of the vestrymen of the three parishes of Norfolk 
county, copied from a minute book of 1761, in the county court clerk's 
office, of Ncfolk. 

The act was passed by the General Assembly of Virginia in March, 
1761, dividing the Parish of Elizabeth River, in the county of Norfolk, 
into three distinct parishes, to be Elizabeth River Parish, St. Brides 
Parish and Portsmouth Parish, and directing the sheriff to call an elec- 
tion for the 8th day of June, 1761. The records of the Norfolk County 
Court show that the vestrymen, elected pursuant to this act, appeared 
in court, qualified and subscribed to the following oaths : 

1ST Oath : 

"I do declare that I do believe there is not any transubstantiation 
in the sacrament of the Lord's Supper or in the elements of Bread and 
Wine at or after the consecration thereof by any person whatsoever." 

2D Oath : 

" I do declare that I will be conformable to the doctrine and dis- 
cipline of the Church of England." June iSth, 1761. 

Vestrymen for Elizabeth River Parish. 
Mathew Godfrey, John Hutchings, Joshua Nicholson, Geo. Abyoon, 



Cl2 .r-SJHSrUp OJCA f»3TOVI 

oiidi f\Uf> ,i'i>:'-.''^-'''i /noil nooe i-.u 'I 

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m 

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216 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Robert Tucker, W'm. Orange, Saunders Calvert, Chris Perkins, John 
Tucker, Win. Guy, Seurs Hansford & Chas. Sweny. 

Vestrvmem for Portsmouth Parish. 
John Tatem, Thos. Creech, James Ives, John Ferebee, George Veale, 
Thomas Veale, William Craford, Jeremiah Creech, Richard Carney, 
Giles Randolph, John Herberts, Thomas Grimes. .,, ,, 

Vestrymen for St. Brides Parish. 
Samuel Happer, James Wilson, Henry Herbert, John Wilson, William 
Happer, John Portlock, Joshua Corprevv, Wm. Smith, Tho. Nash, 
Malachi Wilson, Jr., Robert Tucker, Jr., James Webb. 



A List of White Persons & Houses in Princess 
Anne (i), March, 1785." 



The Different Precincts.' 



Eastern Branch taken by William White, Gent 

Little Creek do Jno. Thorogood. Gent.. . . 

Upper Western Shore taken by Peter Singleton, 

Gent .' 

Lower Western Shore taken by Francis Land. Gent. . 
Upper Eastern Shore (2) do Jno. Ackiss, Gent. . . 
Middle Eastern Shore do Cason Moore, Gent . 
Lower Eastern Shore do Lemuel Cornick, Gent 
Black Water taken by G: D: Corprevv, Gent. ....... 



■ ^ 


1 




i • 


' to . 




c — 




^ 
= X 


1^ 


ll 


' 557 


114 


402 


24S 


51 


169 


288 


^ 56 


200 


217 


52 


213 


753 


155 


^bi 


1,024 


I So 


570 


519 


103 


406 


3S9 


74 


193 



3-995 • 78; 



.514 



Edward W. James. 



(i) "Amot. of the Lists of white persons, &c., in Princes Anne 
Coun'y." I.,- ...■ , ■ ,..,- -. . .,, 

(2) Or Pungo. ■" ■' ' 



~,'A; 



Claiborne Genealogy. 

Mrs. Augusta Sherwin Tatum sends us the following contribution to 
be added to the Claiborne Genealogy published in Vol. I of the Maga- 
zine: 

"Arms:" Three chevrons interlaced in base sa. a chief of the last. 
The name, in the days of William the Conqueror, was spelt CUberne. 
and came from Normandy. Edmund Claiborne, of Westmoreland, 
England, married Grace Bellingham about 1590-5. Their son IVilliayn, 
came to this country in 1621, being first mentioned in history as coming 
to Virginia in the party of Sir Thomas Wyatt, when he was appointed 



T 

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" => ' NOTES AND QUERIES. ^' * 217 

by King James I surveyor of the new country. In 1624 he was ap- 
pointed member of the Colonial Council (August 26th of that yean, 
and Secretary of Virginia, March 24, 1625. He was appointed by Par- 
liament to reduce Virginia to the authority of the Commonwealth. He 
became Treasurer of Virginia, but was subsequently deposed from that 
office in favor of the Royalist, Colonel Norwood. There are on record 
in the Virginia Land Office grants of land to the extent of more than 
24,000 acres in the name of Colonel William Claiborne. His family 
seat was " Romancoke " in King Vv'illiam county, five miles above West 
Point, where is the tomb of Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Claiborne. 
He, William, had a son, Thomas, who married Miss Dandridge, daugh- 
ter of John Dandridge, whose son, Thomas Claiborne, Jr., married 
Anne Fox, who was a daughter of Henry Fox, who married Anne, 
daughter of John West, who was son of Governor John West, the 12th 
child of Thomas, 2d Lord de-la- Warr. 

Thomas Claiborne, Jr., and his wife, An?ie Fox-, were the parents of 
Daniel Claiborne- 

Daniel Claiborne married Mary Maury, daughter of Matthe'v Maury 
and his wife Mary Anne Fontaine. 

Dorothea Claiborne, daughter of Daniel Claiborne and hiS wife Mary 
Maury, married Henry Tatum, officer in the Revolutionary Army. 

Henry Augustus Tatum, M D., son of Henry Tatum and Dorothea 
Claiborne, married Amelia Shervvin Brooking, daughter of Colonel 
Thomas Vivion Brooking (a great-grandson of General Thomas Viyion, 
Royalist), and granddaughter of Elizabeth Randolph, doubly descended 
from William Randolph, the Colonist. 

Daniel had a brother, Augustine, who was grandfather of Elizabeth 
Randolph Hr rrison, who married General Butts. 

Daniel had a brother, Leonard, whose wife's tomb is at "Sweet 
Hall," another family seat, a few miles above Romancoke, where are 
also the tombs of Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Claiborne, Jr., and his 
son Thomas. 

Daniel had a brother, Nathaniel, who was the grandfather of William 
Charles Cole Claiborne, Governor of Louisiana; and of General Ferdi- 
nand L. Claiborne, Governor of Mississippi. 

Daniel had a sister who married General Phillips of B. A, 

Daniel's brother, Augustine, married Mary Herbert, whose grandson 
is Dr. John Herbert Claiborne, of Petersburg. 

Daniel had a brother, William Dandridge Claiborne, whose daughter 
Elizabeth Dandridge Claiborne, married Beverly Kennon. 

Daniel is related to the Lewises, Washingtons, Parkes, &c., on ma- 
ternal side. 

I. 1621. — William Claiborne, Secretary and Treasure' of Virginia. 
and member of Colonial Council, came from England in Sir Thomas 
VVyatt's party, by order of James I. to survey the land. 



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.f,:int:37i / 






218 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. "' ■ ' 

2. Thomas Claiborne, son of William, married daughter of John 
Dandridge. 

3. Thomas Claiborne, Jr., son of Thomas, married Anne Fox, great 
great-granddaughter of Thomas, 2d Lord de-la-\Varr. 

4. Daniel Claiborne, son of Thomas, Jr., and Anne Fox, married 
Mary Maury, daughter of Matthew Maury and Mary Anne Fontaine. 

5. Dorothea Claiborne, daughter of Daniel Claiborne and Mary 
Maury, married Lieutenant Harry Tatum. 

6. Dr. Henry Augustus Tatu.n married Amelia Sherwin Brooking, 
daughter of Thomas \'^ivion Brooking (great-grandson of Genera! 
Thomas Vivion, English Royalist), and granddaughter of Elizabeth 
Randolph, who was doubly descended from William Randolph, the 
Colonist. 

Augusta Skerwin Tatu.m. 



V' '_ ■•■ Formation of the Virginia Counties. --,.- 

S?'ITHFIELD, Sept. I, 1894. 

To the Editor of the Virginia Magazine of History, etc. : 

Sir: I got my friend, the late N. B. Hayden, to copy for me. from 
an old almanac, the list of counties and cities published in your July 
number, page 91. He was, generally, so accurate I did not think it 
necessary to revise the list. In the list, as published, there are some 
errors. I have not been able to get hold of the almanac, and cannot 
say whether those errors were the errors of the compiler or of the 
copyist. I think they ought to be corrected, and so I have revised the 
whole list. I correct the very few and the very glaring errors. 

Accomack, original shire in 1634, changed to Northampton in 1642, 
and formed from it in 1672. 

Charles City, original shire in 1634. 

Charlotte in 1764, from Lunenburg. .„ .. ,. . . ^ 

Gloucester in 1652, from York. 

Isle of Wight, original shire as Warrosquoyacke in 1634, and name 
changed to I. of W. in 1637. 

Lunenburg in 1745, from Brunswick. . ...,-,, ..-.;— 

Monongalia in 1776, from West Augusta. 

Rappahannock in 1656, from Lancaster. 

Stafford in 1666, from Westmoreland. 

Surry in 1652, from Isle of Wight. 

Sussex in 1753, from Surry. 

Smyth in 1831, from Washington and Wythe. 

Westmoreland in 1653, from Northumberland. 

Very truly yours, &c., 

R. S. Thomas. 



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'. T^ ._ XOTES AND QUERIES. 219 

\ ■•_■; -. ",•• .< 'it\y T; r. Richard Lee. ■' '■ ' ■ '•' 

Philadelphia, Aug. i6, 1S94. 
Editor of Virginia Magazine of History, etc.: 

Sir: The following reference to one of the Lee family, whose name 
is so interwoven with the history of Virginia and the United States, is 
to be found in a scarce volume, entitled '■ An Essay to a more correct 
Blason in Latine than formerly hath been used," Sec. By John Gibbon. 
London, 1682. Octavo : 

"A great part oi Anno 1659, till February the year following, I lived 
in Virginia, being most hospitably entertained by the Honourable 
Colonel Rich. Lee, sometimes Secretary of State there ; and who 
after the Kings -Martyrdom hired a Dutch \''essel, freighted her himself, 
went to Brussels, surrendered up Sir William Barcklaies old Commis- 
sion (for the Government of that Province) and received a new one 
from his present Majesty (a loyal action, and deserving my commemo- 
ration'. Neither will I omit his Arms, being, Gul. a Fes Chequy Or, 
Bl. between eight Billets Arg. being descended from the Lees of 
Shropshire (who sometimes bore eight Billets, sometimes ten, and 
sometimes the Fesse Contercompone as I have seen by our Office 
Records). I will blason it thus /« Clypeo rutilo ; Fascia^n pluribus 
quadratis auri cf cyani, alternis arquisq ; spaciis {ductu triplici positis) 
confectant, & inter octo Plynthides arge?iteas coliocatam.''' 

This should be well worth printing as a noteworthy incident in the 
career of one who bore the illustrious name of Lee, in early Colonial 
Virginia, and possessed the same high sense of honor and duty that 
has characterized his descendants, who are so much better known to 
the general readers of American history. 

Neither .Mr. Gibbon's quaint orthography nor punctuation have been 
altered. 

Yours very truly, 

F. E. Marshall. 



An Old Original Deed. 

Richmond, Va,, Aug. 23d, 1S94. 
Editor of Virginia Magazine of History, etc : 

Sir : Among some notes gathered from the rusty records of Henrico 
County Court I found the following, which is a copy of the oldest orig- 
inal deed, perhaps, that we have any record of in any of the original 
States. There may be some older; if so, I have never seen one, viz: 

To all to whom these presents shall come greeting in Our Lord God 
Everlasting. Know yee that I George Veardly Knt. Gov'r & Capt 
Gen'll of \'irg'a, by virtue of the Great Charter of Orders Con- 
cluded Councill and for this first Southerne Colony of 



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;::. ^ r ao ] ■ .: . •; ■ ': ,.r:i-K!i3v;i 



220 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Virginia according to the authority granted them by his Ma'tie under 
his great Seale. And by them dated at London the Eighteenth day of 
November i6iS. And directed to my seh' & Council! of State here resi- 
dent, doe (with the approbation & Consent of the same Council who 

are joined in Commission with me to William Sharpe of 

and to his ever, for parte of his first to be aug- 
mented and enabled by the Company to him, his said heirs & assigns; 
when he or they shall once thoroughly planted and peopled the same, 
forty acres of land situate & being in Charles hundred, six & thirty 
acres thereof bordering North upon the great River, South upon John 
EUyson's house. East upon remaindes being foure acres border- 
ing John Cowleys land South upon the land of Ensign Isaac Chaplin, 
East upon the great River And West upon the main land : To have & 
to hold the said forty acres of land with the appurtenances, & with his 
one share of all mines & mineralls therein contained, & with all rights, 
and priviledges of hunting, fishing, fowling, & others within the pre- 
cincts upon the borders of the same land, to the sole & prop'r use ben- 
efitt & behoof of him the said William sharpe his said heirs & assigns 
forever. 

In large & ample manner to all intents, & purposes, as is Ex- 
pressed in the s'd great Charter, or by Consequence may Justly be col- 
lected out of the same, or out of his maties letters Patents whereon it 

is grounded ; yielding & paying to the sayd & to their successors 

forever: year at the feast of St. Michael the Arch Angle for the said 
forty acres of land, one shilling off fee rent, provided the said forty 
acres doe extend in a right line along ye bancke of a great River, not 
above twenty poles, at sixteen foote •& an Half the pole: 

In witness whereof I presents set my hand & the Create . 

Given at James City the first in the yeares of the reign of 

& Ireland King and defender of the &c of England the 

eighteenth, & of Scotland the foure & fiftieth. 

In the year of our Lord God one thousanc six hundred Sc twenty. 
And the fourteenth year of this plantation. 

George Yardelly. 

This patent before entered is imperfect, by reason it is very antient 
and much defaced, and therefore the blanks therein left, are those 
words w'h could not be read, and all those w'ch could be read, are 
Carefully recorded and Examined at the request of Martin Elam. 

Wm. Randolph, O Cur. 
This deed was Recorded ist April, 1681. 

This Wm. Randolph was appointed Clerk Henrico county, iSth Oct., 
1678, by Col. Danl. Parke, Secretary of State. 

In 1683 Henry Randolph (a cousin of hisi was appointed Clerk of 
said county. 



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NOTES AND (^)UERIES. 221 

In "The Genesis of the U. S.," by Alexander Brown, Vol. II, p. 774, 
is the following entry: "'Gth Mch. i6i6. A Bill of Adventure'of /12 
JOS. granted to Simon Codrington being one share of land in Virginia. 
From the Records in the Virginia Company. This is the first entry of 
the kind which I have found. In 1617 and after, these shares began to 
acquire a value, and were frequently bought and sold." 

Mr. Brown's Abstract is from the original Records in London, I infer. 
Mine purports to be the whole o'" what remains of the original, which 
was recorded here. Mr. Brown thinks that the said Simon was the 
great grandfather of Henningham Codrington, who married Dr. Paul 
Carrington, of Barbadoes, West Indies. 

P. R. Carrington. 

Library of Dabnev Carr, 1773, with a Notice of the Carr 
^ Family.* 

^ In no instance in the political history of Virginia has a young man 
made a deeper impression upon his contempcraries than Dabney Carr, 
and never has an urttimely death been more lamented than that which 
(the njan and the time seeming fitted) cut short what promised to be 
so useful and brilliant a career. 

Dabney Carr was born October 26th, 1743, and died May i6th, 1773, 
when a member of the House of Burgesses from Louisa county'. He 
received a thorough education at William and Mary College, and en- 
tered the profession of the law, practicing at the same courts with 
Patrick Henry, and proving a formidable rival to him. Though only a 
short time in the House of Burgesses his talents and eloquence gained 
the high esteem of his fellow members, and when (as the result of a 
private meeting, at the Raleigh, of Henry, Jefferson, the Lees and a 
few others) it was resolved to propose the establishment of inter- 
colonial committees of correspondence, Carr was selected to move 
the resolutions in the House, and did so in a speech "remarkable for 
its force and eloquence." The plan was adopted, and he was appointed 
a member of the first committee. Only thirty-five days after his speech 
he died. Jefferson, from acquaintenance and warm friendship, and 
Wirt, from the testimony of contemporaries, speak of his person, 
character and intellect in terms of high admiration. As Randall, in 
his life of Jefferson, says he must have been " an e.xtraordinary young 
man." He married, July 20th, 1765, Martha, sister of Thomas Jeffer- 
son, and left several children, an account of whom is given below. 

For notices of Dabney Carr see RatidaWs Jefferson, Vol. I, pp. 82 
83. 84. 
Though representing Louisa, he appears to have lived in Goochland 

* For most of the materia! of this article the compiler, -Mr. W. G. Stanard, is indebted 
to Mr. W. M. Gary, of Baltimore. The land grants and the records of Louisa and 
Goochland counties have also been examined. 



.1 



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-Ti .ri)"^! 7fil/.t'3t'> [irJi ...-^Vf .tljc; 



222 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

(residence was not compulsory), and the inventory of his personal 
estate (together with his will) is recorded there. The inventory shows 
that he was quite a wealthy man, and had a house well, and even ele- 
gantly, furnished. It is thought that a list of his books, from the in- 
ventory, will be of interest. 

The first of the Carr family of whom we have information was 
Thomasi Carr. of "Topping Castle" (first in King and Queen, and 
afterwards in King William and Caroline), who received various grants 
of land, among them one of 546 acres in St. John's Parish, King and 
Queen. April 24lh, 1701. He was sheriff of King William. 170S and 
x'oc^^ConiicU Journal), and married, according to the Minor genealogy, 
a Miss Garland, and was alive 1724 («-hen "Thomas Carr" received a 
grant). He had a son, Maior Thomas^ Carr, of " Bear Castle," Caro- 
line county, born 1678. died May 29th. 1737 (Family Bible), who had 
various grants, among them one, July 17th, 1718 (as "Thomas Carr, Jr., 
of King William county"), for 600 acres, about three miles above the 
falls of Pamunkey rive'r, called Turkey Neck, beginning at the mouth 
of "Topping Castle Swamp," &c.; and another of 1000 acres on the 
south side of Xorthanna river, in Spotsylvania county, June 27th, 1726.^ 
He was sheriff of King William, 1722 and 1723 ; was appointed one of 
the first justices of Caroline, 172S Council Journal), and, dying in 
1737 (his will, dated May 29th. 1735; proved in Caroline county. July 
14th, 1738^ left issue by his wife. Mary, daughter of Cornelius Dabney, 
of King William county (born 16SS, married 1704. died Sept. 7th, 174S). 
as follows : 

I. Thomas, d. s. p., 1743 ('"^ ^vill dated July 5th, I743); "• Agnes, 
married, in 1730, Col. John Waller, of Spotsylvania ; III. Sarah, born 
Nov. 14th, 1714, died 1772, married Nov. 14th, 1752. John Minor; IV. 

John, born Dec. 25. 1706; married, first, Mary (and had a son, 

Thomas, ancestor of a large family, some of whom still reside near 
North Garden, in Albemarle county; ; married, secondly, Barbara (born 
April 2oth, 1720, married Dec. 27th, 1737. died Dec, 17941. daughter of 
Captain James Overton, of Hanover county (who died June iS, 1749). 
and his wife, Elizabeth (who died Nov. 19th, 1739)- ^I^s. Barbara Carr's 
will was proved in Louisa in 1795. 

There are recorded in Louisa county a deed, dated 1733, from Thos. 
Carr, of Caroline, for land patented by him in 1727; a deed, July, 1745- 
fromMary Carr, widow, Jno. Carr, Jno Waller, Jr., and Agnes, his wife, 
and Jno. Minor and Sarah, his wife, heirs and executors of Major Thos. 
Carr, deceased, containing land granted said Thos. Carr in 1727; a 
deed, 1749, from Mary, widow of Thomas Carr, and a deed, 1755. Irom 
Jno. Carr, John Waller and Agnes, his wife; and Sarah, relict of Jno. 
Minor, surviving executors of Thomas Carr, deceased, conveying land 
which was granted said Thos. Carr in 1751 and 1732. 

John' Carr settled at "Bear Castle," in Louisa county, and was a 



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XOTE5 AND QUERIES. 223 

justice, 1742, &c., and sheriff; 1753; and in 1752 lived in Spotsylvania. 
He, however, died in Louisa in 177S, and his will, dated July 22d, 1773, 
was proved and recorded in that year. He had issue : I. Dabney*. 
treated of above; II. Samuel*, lieutenant in 9th Virginia Regiment, 
1776, aiterwards Captain of marines on the brigantine Northampton, 
and died in service during the Revolutionary War, leaving no issue. 
(Records in State Land Office). His will was dated March 6th, 1776, 
and proved in Louisa, Oct. 13th, 1777; III. Garland*, married Mary 
Winston ; IV. Overton*, named in fathers and mother's wills; V. 
Elizabeth*, married Nathaniel Anderson, named in parents' wills, and 
had Wm. and Overton Anderson, named in their grandfather's will; 
VI. Mary, wife of James Minor, named in parents' wills. 

Dabney and Martha ( Jefferson) Carr had issue : I. Jane Barbara, born 
1766, married July 20th, 17S2, Wilson Gary, of " Richneck," and died in 
1S40; II. Col. Samuel, of "Dunlora" (born Oct 9th, 1771, died July 
25th, 1S55:, commanded cavalry at Norfolk, 1S12-15 {Rar.da/l's Jctfcr- 
sofi), and was member of the House of Delegates from Albemarle, 
1815, &c., and of the State Senate ; married, ist, in 1795, his hrst cousin 
Barbara, daughter oi Overton Carr (she died June iSth, 1815); married 
2d, Maria Dabney, daughter of Dabney and Sally Watson ; III. Dabney 
(born April 27th. 1773, died Jan. 8th. 1S37) ; married, in iSoo. his first 
cousin, Elizabeth, daughter of Overton Carr and Anne Addison, his 
wife (she was born Jan. ist, 17S0, and died May sSth, 1S3S). He was 
Chancellor of the Winchester district, iSri-24, and judge of the Court 
of Appeals, 1S24-37, when he died, leaving, says Kenneday. "the tame 
of an upright and learned judge, and truly good man ; " IV. Lucy (born 
1768, died 1S03), married, 1793, Richard Terrell, son of Richmond Ter- 
rell and Nancy Overton (sister of .Mrs. Barbara Carr). They removed 
to Kentucky, and had issue: (i) Martha, born 1796, married, in iSiS, 
Dabney .Minor— his second wife; (2) Virginia, born 179S, died 1S60; 
married, in 1815, Dr. Frank Carr, and their only child, Peter Carr, died 
in Mo. in iS59.s-. /.; (3) Dabney Carr, born iSor, of. .y./»., in New Orleans, 
August i6th, 1S27— A man of great talent; (4) Mary Jane, born 1S03. 
married, 1S21, Prof. John A. C Davis, of the University of Virginia, 
and left seven children; V Peter iborn Jan. 2d, 1770, died Feb. 17th, 
1815); married, June 6th, 1797, Hetty ^born March 5th, 1767, died Nov. 
I2th, 1834), youngest daughter of John Smith and .Alary Buchanan, of 
Baltimore, and sister of General Samuel Smith (40 years Senator and 
M. C. from Maryland), and of Robert Smith (Secretary of the Navy 
under Jefferson). 

Col. Samuel Carr had issue by ist marriage, with Barbara Carr: L 
John (1801-1839), lieutenant, U. S. N.; married, about 1S29, Gay Fergu- 
son, and had one son, Gay, who was killed in W. Va. during the late 
war— unmarried ; II. Dabney Overton (1S06-41), unmarried; educated 
at West Point, and was killed in battle in Me.xico; III. Martha (1S0S-16); 



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224 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

IV. lames Lawrence i;iSi5-March 2d, 1S75), removed, in 1S35, to Ka- 
nawha. W. Va.; major, C. S. A. ; married, 1S04, Sally Cooke (and had 
Ellen, Sally, Laurence, and George ', issue by 2d marriage with Maria 
D. Watson; V. George Watson (1S23-1SS—), educated at West Point, 
resigned (when major) in 1S61, and served in C. S. A. as colonel; mar- 
ried, ist, in iS6r, Elizabeth G. Watts, of Charlottesville, Virginia, and 
2d, in 1S76, Finnic Laws, of Hampton, Virginia; VL Maria Jefferson 
(born 1S26), married, in 1S42, Dr. Wm. Miller, of Jefferson county, Ky.; 
Vn. Sally ( 1S2S-4S), married, in 1S47, Frank E. G. Carr, son of Dr. 
Frank Carr, and grandson of Garland Carr, and left one son, George 
Watson, born 1S4S, now living in Texas. 

Judge Dabney and Elizabeth (Carr) Carr had issue: L Anne Addi- 
son, born 1S27, married, , David Holmes Conrad (son of Dr. David 

Conrad, of Martinsburg). and had two daughters and two sons, viz : 
Holmes Addison, born 1S37. and Henry Tucker, born 1839, both killed 
in Confederate service at the battle of Manassas, 1S61; IL Jane Cary 
(1809-5S), married, 1S25, Rev. Peyton Harrison, of ''Clifton," Cumber- 
land county; in. Dabney Jefferson (1S17-26). 

Peter and Hetty (Smith) Carr had issue: I. Dabney S.. of Baltimore, 
born March 5th. 1S02, died March 24th, 1854. married, April 22d, 1826, 
his first cousin, Sidney S., daughter of Governoi Wilson Cary Nicholas, 
of Virginia. He was for a long time the editor and proprietor of the 
Republican and Argus, the leading Democratic paper of the day in 
Baltimore; was naval officer of the port of Baltimore from iS29to 1S43. 
when he was appointed, by President Tyler, Minister to Constantinople, 
where he remained until 1850; II. Ellen Boucher, born Jan. loth, 1S06, 
died Jan. 12th, 1S76, married, in 182S, Wm. B. Buchanan, of Baltimore; 
IIL Jane Margaret, born March 15th, 1S09, married, Sept. i6th, 1830, 
her cousin, Wilson Miles Cary, of " Carysbrook." 

Dabney S. and Sidney S. (Nicholas) Carr, had issue : I. Wilson Cary 
Nicholas (born Feb. iSth, 1827, died April 17th, 1SS6) ; Captain C. S. A.; 
married, in 1S66, Susan Henderson, of Baltimore, and d. s.p.; II. 
Maria Jefferson {1829-31); III. Samuel Smith (1S31-62), unmarried ; IV. 
Cary Anne, married, in 1858, Col. Thomas G. Peyton, of Richmond ; 
V. lohnSmith (1S36-60), unmarried; VI. Margaret (1843-73), unmarried: 
VII. Dabney Jefferson (1S41-89), married, 1869. Anna, daughter of Dr. 
Frank H. Deane, of Richmond, and had issue: (i) Dabney J.; 1.2) 
Wilson, C. N. ; {y Wallace Deane; 14) Car\' Peyton; (5) Anna Deane. 
Other members of the family were: Col. John Carr. of Albemarle 
county, who died September 26th, 1S24, aged 60 years. 

In 1S45 Peter Carr, of Charlottesville, married Lydia Louise, daugh- 
ter of Nicholas H. Lewis, of Missouri (Enquirer'. Col. James L. Carr, 
"nephew of President Jefferson, and at one time member of the State 
Senate, died at Kanawha C. H., July 26th, 1S55 {Xeu-'spaper). 
Wm. B. Carr, son of Walter Carr, was born in Albemarle county, 






^22 

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NOTES AND QUERIES. 225 

Va., April 15th, 17S3; went to St. Louis, 1S04; was appointed Circuit 
Judge of Mo., 1S26; died March 31SI, 1S51 ; married il) Anne, daughter 
of Aaron Elliott, of St. Geneveve, and had three daughters ; married 
(II) Dorcas, daughter of Silas Bent, Sr. . of St. Louis, and had sever?.! 
children; the 5th daughter, Elizabeth B., married \Vm. H. Ashley, 
Lieutenant-Governor of Mo., and M. C; the 6th daughter, Harriet, 
married Capt James Deane, U. S. A.; and the 2d daughter, Virginia, 
married Dr. E. Bathurst Smith, formerly of Virginia. Alfred \V. Carr 
(nephew of \Vm. B. C), was born in Ky., 1S04 ; settled in Mo.. 1S2S; 
was a lawyer, and died young; married a daughter of Major Graves, 
of Ky. 

There are recorded in Louisa deeds from \Vm. Carr, of Spotsylvania 
county, Gent., 1751, to son-in-law. Mordecai Miller, and daughter, Sarah, 
his wife; and to son-in-law, \Vm. Crenshaw, of Louisa, and daughter, 
Susanna, his wife. \Vm Carr was probably a son of the first Thomas 
Carr. 

Following is the list of Dabney's Carr's library: 

D.\BNEV Carr's Librarv, 
5 vols. Bacon's Abridgement (/3 15), 3 Books, Laws of Virginia ( /"i 
10), 3 vols. Peere Williams Reports {£2 5), 2 vols. Strange's Reports 
(£1 10), Grounds of the Law (15 sh.), Jacob's Law Dictionary (i5sh.), 
Wood's Institutes (i5sh.), 2 Books Acts of the Assembly (losh.;, 7 vols. 
Sir Edward Coke's Reports {£2 2), i Book Vattel's Law of Nations 
(10 sh.), 4 vols. Blackstone's Commentaries (/25,6vols. Exact Abridge- 
ment of the Statutes (^i i) 3 vols. Modern Conveyances (losh. 6d.), 
I Book Law of England Con'g Juries (3sh. 6d ). i Book Law Concern- 
ing Estates Tail (3sh. 6d.), i Book Students Companion (25h. Sd.), i 
Book Mercer's Abridgment (4sh.), i Book Lord Kaim's Law Tracks 
{sic'\ (3sh. 6d.), i Book Covenants (3sh. 6d.) 2 vols, the Practising 
Attorney (7sh.), i Book Office of Executors (35h. 6d.l, i Book, Law of 
Evidence (3 sh.), i Book Nelson's Chancery Reports i.2sh. gd.) i Book 
Hobart's Reports (rsh. 6d.), i Book Hobart's Reports (i2sh. 6d.), i vol. 
Barnardeston's Reports 'i2sh. 6d.) Talbot's Cases of Equity, 2 vols. 
iSsh.), 2 vols. Lathket's Reports (i /"}, 2 vols. Hawkins Pleas of the 
Crown (i5sh.), i Book Fitz Gibbon's Reports (Ssh ), i Book Maxims of 
Equity (5sh.), 2 vols. Harrison's Chancery Practice (Ssh.j, 2 vols. Black- 
stone's Law Tracks i6sh.), i Book Warden's Cystem (i5sh.), 6 vols. 
Stakhouse's History of the Old and New Testament (^r 10), i Book 
Hutchinson's Enquiry (3sh.), 7 vols. Yorreck's Sermons (i4sh.), 4 vols. 
Shearlock's Sermons (6sh.), 2 vols. Langhorn's Sermons (4sh.), i Book 
Battle on Truth (3sh. 6d. 1, 2 vols. Robertson's History of Scotland (Ssh.), 
3 vols. Robertson's History of Charles 5th (6sh.), i Book Self Knowl- 
edge (ish. 3d.), S vols. Livy's Roman History (.^r), 6 vols, in Lattin 
(i5sh.), 9 vols. Tristram Shandy (iSsh.), 10 vols. Shakspear's Works {£1 
id), 1 Book an Essay on Shakspear (3sh.). 2 vols. Home's Elements {8sh.)> 



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.■(i-l:r:.f-. U-.inJ/ h3'i:5..f> ,,f] f'i-df:.!;.-! .vjirl^.iiut:. liir ^:i5 , :i-. .'<!,^tj 

.s.in;;;-:;"/ .■;->^;''':'(.:; ' ni' ,:,. , , !■..?. U .f'-i.i--.!< ; -■>,•:;) J<■:-^:;,l h-iii-jcrn 
vr;!),// '-^r ' r,;riv;i-/ ;,. v : '.-;mul .fiwinr • • j.i /J lU l.^^iniU;! 
iBet! .;,]'■. ;ij t.?i ■;-),'. .i-'.f'.i ,.'(,; ;r i.tod ><,,;<" ,; T'" ■: /;i /-' '.o • ?"!n'>n) 

.y>j k. 
rjcD .f:^V/ fno'M ■.l--}i: nkiVi-.'': v\ \^^\■■^■:: .yi ^'ir, •j'VsfiT 

:: \o (!<'..■ (• v''-'- :f-,.. ;-;. ■ -i;- ,v r. ;'/ .'j':' ,' ^•■l ,(,iif;i.^[;c; 

. / .iA>i;;i.J '■ A HA J VH 'a/.: i 
;\) <■!■.. ;,:i7 io ;-<;; ! ,^:.;..i,;i ^ /?; ,,■ ;,)-„-,--: .1 .JA >■n,,^^;l >(r,v ^ 
.:i;0'-;i,'! ;• Y"^-'- '■'•'' >!'-■-■•• V Ar ^- ' ' !■■';>•■ • ;m,;: '■,'.' a,i»jS ..4v / ;• ,»o; 

onofji,/ ;iV ^ioovi : f' V rr''.-.v.:-i ,■ .:-!oJj f-i-rtv./;,i3 liS 

•n- -;:■.*.; :^ ;- . 1 

"!o 7/bJ ,;4r!.f r ' * -■' r* -) ■i.);,ij:j'3 '3 -o.-^orfi^^ iiooH • ,\.r!<-) VDmouA 
.lev I .(.! .»,i>(>k-. :-ltu :! 1 .llv^ H.-.i!> ?ji--.n<..M ,-. JiBdoH 

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tjrij "to ; V , > I ^.,1 



226 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

I Book Roman Empire (2sh. 6d.), i Book Stern's Sentimental Jonrney 
(ish, 6d.), 2 vols. Friendship and Fancy (ash. 6d.), 3 vols. Dodley's 
Poems, 2, 3 and 4 (jsh. 6d.), 2 vols. Langhorn's Poems (4sh.), 2 vols. 
Shenstone's Works i,4sh.), 2 vols. Lock's Essay on Human Nature 
{7sh ), t Book Tessor Advice to the People (ssh.), 3 vols. Churchill's 
Poems (6sh.), 2 vols. Hildron's Works (.5sh.), i Book Perruvian Letters 
(ish. 3d.), I Book Watt's Logick (3sh. 6d.), i vol. Spencer's Wr. Maga- 
zine (5sh.), I vc!. Fontaine's Tails [sic] (2sh.), i vol. Thompson's 
Seasons i2sh.), Blackwell's Classicks, i vol. (5sh.), And'rs Demonstra- 
tions (4sh.), Bails' Lectures, i vol. (4 sh.), History of Europe, i vol. 
(2sh.), The Tradesman, Lawyer and Countryman's Friend, i vol. (2sh. 
6d.), Melitary History, i vol. ( 2sh. 6d.), 2 vols. Chit Chat {5sh.), Geography 
of [for?] Children, i vol. (ish. 3d.), Astrotheology, i vol. (4 sh.), Princi- 
ples of the Law, i vol. (6sh.), Exposition of Law Terms, i vol. (2shj, 
Faithful Counsellor, i vol. (3sh.), A Pamphlet on Public Accompts 
(is!i. 6d.), a Catalogue of Books (6d.), The Farmer's Letter (ish.), 
Letter to an American Planter (4d.), x Book Martin's Philosophick 
Grammer (5sh.), i Book Horrace, Latten (5sh.), i Book Juvenal (5sh.), 
I Book Cornelius Nepus (3sh. 6d.), i Book Cissero Concerning Duty 
(3sh. 6d ), I Book Cissero 's Orations (5sh.), Ouintilian (6sh.), Buck- 
hanan's History, i vol. (3sh.), Virgil (ish. 6d ), Sacred Dialogues, i 
vol. (ish.), Horrace i2sh.), Works of Puffindarious, i vol. (ish. 6d.), 
Ovid's Epistles (isii. 6d.), 2 Books of Horrace (2sh. 6d.), 4 vols. Rollin's 
Letter's, French, (i2sh.), 5 Books French (5sh.), 3 vols. The Revolutions 
of Rome (gsh.), i Greek Grammar (ish.). Second vol. Gilblas (25h. 6d.), 
I Greek Testament (2sh. 6d.), i Book Hescod (3sh. 6d.), i Greek 
Dictionary (.i5sh.), i Docket (2sh. 6d.i, Mrs. Glasse's Cookery (3sh. 6d.), 

1 Bible (2sh. 6d.), i Prayer Book (2sh.), i Book The Word of God the 
best Guide (ish. 6d.), i Book Called Difficult Te.xts (5sh.), Another 
Called Furneaux Letters (3sh. 6d.), A Book called Crown Circuit (losh.). 

2 vols. Preceptor (losh.). Opera Virginia. Latin (2sh. 6d.) 

The total appraisment of all of the personal estate amounted to ^1067 
4sh. 2d. 

The following unpublished letter of Dabney Carr has been kindly 
furnished by Mr. Cary : 

Bear Castle, 16 of August, 1772. 

Sir: If your letter, which I rec'd yesterday, had contain'd nothing 
but the information you promis'd me relative to Winston's intelligence, 
you would not have been troubled with this answer to it : but, since, 
not satisfied with attempting to justify yourself, you have chosen to re- 
peat your censure of my conduct, I must beg your attention to a few 
observations upon the subject, and your patience, if I should say any- 
thing that may seem offensive. Of that vulgar, indiscriminating ap- 
plause, that is often acquired without merit, and lost without a fault, I 
was never ambitious. I well know how truly it is a bubble — but the 



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NOTES AND QUERIES. 227 

approbation ot the worthy and discerning is in some measure necessary 
to my happiness. If my nature was capable of it, I am not tio:<.' in a 
humour to Hatter you. I shall therefore e.xpect to be believed when I 
assure you, that I had ranked you among those whose applause is fame. 
Judge then what must have been my feelings, when I was well informed, 
that upon a variety of occasions, not only to our common friends, but 
in mi.xed companies, you had misrepresented my conduct, and admitt- 
ing it to have been, as you said, had spoken of it with a virulence and 
asperity of censure that could only belong to my worst enemy. I own 
to you, sir, I was astonished, and, but for the veracity of my informer, 
should have rejected the story as false. Was it candid? was it gene- 
rous ? not to say friendly to take up with the first malicious tale you 
heard, and to propagate and declaim upon it, with all the warmth of a 
man certain that it was true? What will you say to those whom your 
misrepresentations of this matter may have deceived? Will you say 
that you were deceived yourself? It is indeed the only reply that can 
be made, for I will not suppose you forged the falsehood; but in your 
case, it cannot be received as an e.xcuse, for the man whom at random 
you censured thus, you had called your friend. And this circumstance 
it is, Sir, which has envenomed this sting. " For it is not an open ene- 
my that hath done me this dishonour, for then I could have borne it; 
but it was even thou, my companion, and mine own familiar friend." 
Let us now suppose for a moment, that every thing you had heard was 
most certainly true, and moreover that your judgment thereupon is as 
infallibly right as you assume it to be. Is no indulgence due to human 
error? Surely so severe a sentence will never pass from a man who 
must be conscious that he has been souieiinies mistaken himself. But 
was this one of those plain cases in which a man of common under- 
standing could not mistake? If this be your opinion, and your insin- 
uations certainly look that way, your language was improper when you 
called my conduct erroneous. It would have been more ingenuous — 
it would have been more manly, to have called it by its right name — 
a wrong opinion given upon sinister motives. Ail explanation would 
have been then at an end. But this is what I will not infer from insinu- 
ations or hints. I will not receive it as your opinion but from your 
express declaration. I have purposely avoided any defence of the 
opinion you have chosen to censure, because I think you have forfeited 
the right, which as one of my constituents, you had to be informed of 
the reasons of my conduct. To the man, whoever he be, that makes 
this enquiry properly, I am always ready to give satisfaction on this head. 
You are pleased to say that you have been as much disappointed in me 
as a representative, as I declare myself to have been in you as a friend. 
Accept of this difference between us. .My conduct, supposing it wrong, 
may have proceeded from an error in judgment ; yours can only have 
proceeded from some degree of malevolence. If the compliment you 



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228 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

pay to my understanding must be at the expense of my integrity, I beg 
you to reserve it tor the wretch, whenever you can find him, who had 
rather be thought a sensible, than an honest man. It is a justice, due 
to your own character, to undeceive those who may have been imposed 
upon by your misrepresentation of facts, and this I shall expect from 
you. For the rest, I am willing it should sleep here, and let this be an 
end of our altercation. Whenever you shall think proper to tell me 
that you did not mean to impeach my integrity, in what you said of my 
conduct in the House of Burgesses, I shall cease to think you have been 
actuated by malevolence, and whenever you shall say you desire it. I 
am ready to return to those sentiments of friendship for you, which I 
have always entertained. In the meantime, as I am incapable of being 
any man's friend by halves, I shall think myself discharged of any other 
connections with you than those of common humanity and civility. 

I am, 

^'"'' '•^'''' [ " ■ ■ ■■■'■' ■■ ■ ";:'"''" D. carr. 

Copy of letter from Dabney Carr, of Louisa, August i6, 1772, to his 
former friend and constituent, Benjamin Lewis. 



'^rZ'.nrJ.:/ QUERIES. :\,' - .T --^win'r . "";,;"^ 

Robert Martin, born in King and Queen county, 1738 (2), paternal 
homestead on both sides of the Matapony river. Information relative 
to his brothers and sisters and to his ancestors. Were George Martin 
and Susanna West his parents? 

Col. Richard Calloway, of the Bedford county Calloways. Who 
were his ancestors, and the names of his children ? 

Richard Kennon and his wife, Celia Ragland. In Chatham county, 
N. C, after the Revolution— perhaps during it. Was this the Hills- 
borough Richard? What relation did he bear to Will Kennon, the 
Mecklenburg Signer? What was Richard's line of descent from the 
'/irginia Kennons ? How was the name spelt before it appeared in 
Virginia ? I wish Celia Ragland's line of descent. 

Abraham Venables, the emigrant, and his wife, Mildred (?) Lewis. 
What English branch produced this Abraham ? 

John Holder, of Spotswood's 2d Virginia Regiment. His Virginia 
ancestry and locality desired. 

Correspondence on any of these matters most respectfully solicited. 

Joseph J. Casey, 
26 East 129th Street, New York. 
Goss.— Charles Goss, of Chester county. Pa., first appears there in 
1721, as "single man." He died there, 1732, leaving descendants. 
Fifteen dollars will be given for information establishing his parentage. 
■ J. G. Leach, 

733 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 



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BOOK REVIEWS. »■/•.^. . 229 



BOOK REVIEWS. 



The Anxestry of Benjamin Harrison, President of the United 
States of America, 1889-1893. — In chart form. Showing also the 
descendants of William Henry Harrison, President of the United States 
of America in 1841, and notes on the families named. By Charles 
P. Keith, author of "The Provincial Councillors of Pennsylvania, 
1733-1776," etc., Philadelphia, 1S93. 

In form and matter this is one of the most noteworthy additions to 
Virginia genealogy which has ever been made. The results of lengthy 
and minute investigations among all authoritative sources of informa- 
tion which could possibly bear on ihe subject have been embodied in a 
very handsome specimen of bookmaking. Mr. Keith has not only care- 
fully and critically examined all public and private records in Virginia 
relating to the families treated of, but has pursued the same thorough 
method in tracing the various lines of English ancestry, not even 
accepting, without question, pedigrees found in the ordinary English 
genealogical works. In that, too, as in this country, he has obtained 
much information from manuscript records hitherto unknown to us. 
The writer ha^ Iiad opportunity to know something of his methods and 
how much careful study he gave, even in trying to establish an unknown 
surname, or in an unsuccessful attempt to trace a pedigree further. 

This book is not, as might be implied from the preceding remarks, 
entirely devoted to President Harrison's Virginia ancestry, for it con- 
tains accounts of the families of Irvin, McDowell, Ramsey, Symmes 
and Tuthill , but as it is the Virginia pedigrees that we are most in- 
terested in and acquainted with, we will confine our attention to them. 
The Virginia families given are those of Armistead, Bacon, Bassett, 
Burwell, Cary, Churchill, Harrison and Landon. The pedigree given 
of the first named family is by far the fullest and most authentic yet 
printed, and appears etTectually to explode a favorite myth,/. <f., that 
Wm. Armistead, the inmiigrant, was originally named D'Amstadt, 
came from Hesse DWmstadt, and that an old seat of the family in 
Gloucester, "Hesse," was named in honor of his birthplace. The 
name was not uncommon in England, and members of the Virginia 
family before the Revolution, used a bookplate bearing the same arms 
as the English one. 

As Mr. Keith states, it is now almost impossible to compile a com- 
plete genealogy of this very numerous race, which, a hundred and 
twenty-five years ago, had spread into half a dozen counties. We note, 



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230 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

on page iS, what seems to us an error: in the statement that Anne, 
wife ol" Anthony Walke, was probably the daughter of Henry Armis- 
tead. An old record of the Walkes shows that she was a daughter of 
William Armistead and Anna Lee, his wife. 

Of the branches of the family not included in the book before us, an 
account, doubtless correct as far as it goes, of the descendants of John 
Armistead and Lucy Baylor is given in the Richmond Staridard. A few- 
notes which we have gathered may assist some future genealogist of 
the family, and will at the same time show its wide diffusion : 

Colonel John Armistead, of Gloucester, was sheriff in 1675. member 
of the House of Burgesses, 16S5, appointed to the Council, 16S7, and, 
refusing to take the oaths after the accession of William and Mary, retired 
from that body, becoming what was called in England a "nonjuror."' 
Isaac Allerton also retired from the Council at the same time and for 
the same cause. In 1707 Wm. Armistead, of Gloucester, was included 
in a list of gentlemen "of estate and standing," suitable for appoint- 
ment to the Council when vacancies should occur. Henry Armistead 
was a justice of Gloucester, 1723. John Armistead was sheriff of Glou- 
cester, 1729. The "Carter Tree" gives the issue of Wm. Armistead, 
of "Hesse," who married, about 1765, Maria, daughter of Charles Car- 
ter, of "Cleve." We are informed that there is, in the possession of 
descendants of this Wm. Armistead, a large and valuable collection of 
family papers, letters, &c. Anthony Armistead was sheriff of Elizabeth 
City, 16S4, and ourgess, 1699. Captain Wm. Armistead, burgess for 
Elizabeth City, 1692 and 1710, Anthony Armistead sheriff Elizabeth 
City, 1720 and 1727. Anthony Armistead, Jr., appointed justice of War- 
wick, 1727, and sheriff, 1730, 1732. Wm. Armistead member of the 
Elizabeth City Committee of Safety, 1775-6. Robert Armistead sher- 
iff Elizabeth City, 1794. Wm. Armistead sheriff of Elizabeth City, 17S9. 
Robert Armistead, Jr., sheriff Elizabeth City, 179S. Wm. Armistead 
sheriff of Elizabeth City, 180S. Westwood S. Armistead clerk of Eliz- 
abeth City, 1S10-1S4S. Wm. Armistead member of the House of Del- 
egates from Elizabeth City, 1S04 and 1S17. John Armistead delegate 
from Elizabeth City, 1S18-1S24. Robert A. Armistead sheriff of EliLa- 
beth City, 1S52. Robert Armistead sheriff of York, 1730 and 1731. It 
appears from the report of a suit in the Virginia Court of Appeals that 

Armistead [John] had issue: I. John; II. William, of New Kent; 

in. Gill, of New Kent, married Betsy [Allen], died in 1762, and had 

issue: (1) William; {2) Betty, married Miles Selden [in i-j-ji,— Virginia 
Ga=etle]\ (3) Susanna, married John Cary ; (4) Frances, married Am- 
bler [John A., of "Jamestown"]; (5) Mary, married Burwell [in 1774, 
Thacker Burwell— rVrfzVn'a Ga=eiie'\; (6) Martha. In the Journal of 
the House of Burgesses, 1762, is an order for a new election to supply 
the place of "Mr. Armistead," of New Kent, deceased. Doubtless 



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■ i^.-5-- \ BOOK REVIEWS. \;\j"\, " 231 

this was Gill Armistead. Another court report shows that Lucy B. 
Armistead, daughter of John Armistead (who died 17S0), and his wife, 
Mary (who died 1792), became entitled on her mother's death to cer- 
tain land and slaves in New Kent, and that she married, Dec. 24th, 
iSoi, Aylett Walker. Her brother, Robert B. Armistead", who was her 
guardian, died in iSii, leaving a son, John D. Armistead. 

The wide distribution of the family is shown by the fact that of the 
County Committees of Safety of 1775-6, Robert Armistead, of Louisa, 
John Armistead, of Caroline, Henry Armistead, of Charles City, and 
John Armistead, of New Kent, were members. William, Thomas, and 
perhaps others were officers in the Revolution. Wm. Armistead was 
a justice of Xew Kent, 17S9. John Armistead, of New Kent, was a 
member of the State Senate, 1776, &c. Robert B. Armistead was a jus- 
tice of New Kent, 1792. John Armistead appointed Justice of Fauquier, 
1S04. Peter Armistead appointed a justice of Culpeper, 1807. Fran- 
cis Armistead sheriff of Matthews, 1S02-5. Colonel Wm. Armistead, 
of Amherst, was alive, 1817. Wm. Armistead, of King and Queen, was 
member of the House of Delegates, 1S30, and of State Senate, 1S32, 
&c. A number of the familv served gallantly as officers and privates 
in the Confederate Army, and several were killed in battle. 

The ancestry of President Nathaniel Bacon is thoroughly and satis- 
factorily worked out. Some additional notices of the family, wills, 
&c., are given elsewhere m this number of the Magazifie. Mr. Keith's 
conjecture that George Lyddall, son of Sir Thomas, was the person 
who lived in Virginia, seems very probable 

Our author was the first to discover the parentage of Captain Wm. 
Bassett, first of that family in Virginia, and a record in Vork county, 
unknown to him, but since quoted by r^Ir. Lyon G. Tyler, fully con- 
firms his statement. We do not agree, however, with Mr. Keith's 
suggestion that Capt. Wm. Bassett had possibly been an officer in the 
Parliamentary Army. It seems to us that his friendship with men like 
Honey wood, Hammond and Moryson, who we know served in the 
Royal Army, and who came to Virginia during the civil war, is strong 
proof to the contrary. Mr. Keith does not notice the fact (shown by 
Hening) that in 1665 Capt. Wm. Bassett was appointed to superintend 
the erection of a fort at Jamestown. 

Col. Wm. Bassett, of " Eltham," was Burgess for New Kent, 1692 
and 1702; appointed to the Council, 1707; resigned and was reappointed 
in 1711; appointed commander-in-chief (county-lieutenant) of New 
Kent in 1707, and was county-lieutenant of New Kent and King Wil- 
liam in 1715. His tomb, bearing arms and epitaph (which was printed 
in the Richmond Standard), has been removed from " Eltham " to 
Hollywood Cemetery. Mr. Keith inserts a query after the date of the 
death of Wm.^ Bassett, i. <?., 1744; but the Journal of the Burgesses for 



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232 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

the session i743-'4, contains an order for a new election in New Kent, 
to fill the place of \Vm. Bassett, deceased. Burwell* Bassett, of 
" Elthain," was Burgess for New Kent, 1762-1774; member of the 
County Committee of Safety, i775-'6; of the Conventions of 1775, 1776 
and 17SS; of the State Senate, 17S0 and 17S8; and of the House of 
Delegates, 17S9, and probably other years. His son BurwelP Bassett, 
of " Eltham," and of Williamsburg, was member of the House of Del- 
egates from New Kent, 17S9; State Senate, 179S-99 and iSo2-'3; delegate 
from James Cit> (where he lived for a time) in 1S19 and 1S20, and mem- 
ber of Congress, 1S05-T3, 1S15-19 and 1821-31. He died Feb. 26th, 
1841. John^ Bassett was a member of the House of Delegates from 
New Kent, 17S7. Several letters, from and to Captain \Vm.^ Bassett, 
referred to by .Mr. Keith, have since been published in the Magazine. 
A discovery which probably interested the largest number of Mr. 
Keith's Virginia readers was that of the ancestry of Major Lewis Bur- 
well, the immigrant, who now has almost innumerable descendants 
throughout the United States. It was not the intention of the author 
to present a full genealogy of the family, which has been already quite 
fully, and with a few exceptions, accurately done in the Richviond 
Stajidard. A careful e.vamination of the evidences in 'he case leads 
us to believe that Mr. Keith is right in his belief that Lewis Burwell, 
of " Kingsmill," was a son of the second marriage of Lewis- Burwell 
(with Martha Lear). One point in which there is some confusion in 
the various published accounts of the family is. as to the descendants 
of President Lewis Burwell. He was appointed to the Council during 
the session of i743-'4 (when a burgess); became acting governor in 
1750, and died in a short time. He certainly married (in 1736, it is said) 
Mary, dau^-hter of Col. Francis Willis, and had, says Burke, the histo- 
rian, three daughters, who married respectively: Peter Whiting, 
Armistead Lightfoot and Jacqueline Ambler. The wife of the latter, 
Rebecca Burwell (Jefferson's "' Belinda"), was born May 29th, 1746. It 
is rather curious that ihe two brothers, Jacqueline and Edward Ambler 
(who married Mary Cary) were the successful rivals of Jefferson and 
Washington. President Burwell had certainly one son. Lewis Bur- 
well, who studied law in the Inner Temple, where his name appears 
matriculated as son of " Lewis Burwell, of Gloucester, Virginia, Es- 
quire," and who was (as " Lewis Burwell, Jr.") sheriff of Gloucester in 
1767; Burgess, 1769-74, and member of the Conventions of 1775 and 
1776. His name appears frequently in the Gazette as having horses in 
races, and he was probably the Lewis Burwell, of Gloucester, who is 
announced by that paper, in the spring of 1779, to have died. The 
" Carter Tree " has it that Nat. Burwell, who married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Robert Carter, was the father of " Lewis, of Whitemarsh," who 
married Judith Page and had issue: (i) Alice, m. Williams; \2) 



.a/JiAU/.M JAVJl>10Tc!lH AJ(/.K>Sr/ 28L' 



BOOK REVIEWS. 233 

Nathaniel; (3) Mann; (4) Lewis; (5) Rebecca, m. Jacqueline Ambler. 
This is of course wrong. Nat. and P^lizabeth (Carter) Burwell were 
certainly the parents of Lewis Burwell (President), but the latter mar- 
ried, as has been stated, Mary Willis, and certainly had children, as 
just stated above. In one of the early Virginia law reports is a case 
in which it is stated that a Lewis Burwell married Judith, daughter of 
Mann Page, and had Alice Grymes, who married \Vm. C. Williams, 
and Judith Carter, who married George .Miles. There may have been 
other children, but they were not interested in this suit. From this it 
would appear almost certain that the Lewis Burwell, stated in the 
" Carter Tree " to have married Judith Page, was Lewis, son of the 
President, and that his issue given (with the e.xception, of course, of 
Rebecca), is correct. It was probably his son. Nathaniel, who was 
sheriff of Gloucester, 1S08-10, and also probable that the other son, 
Lewis, was the same who married, in 17S9, Judith Kennon, and died 
August 24th, 1S33, aged 70. 

Of this family there were three members of the Council, Lewis, 
Lewis, and Robert C; and at least six members of the House of Bur- 
gesses: Nathaniel, James, Lewis, Carter, Lewis, and Lewis. 

The Carys, of whom only one member in Virginia was an ancestor 
of President Harrison, are briefly treated of in the notes, but the Eng- 
lish ancestry, which had been traced by .Mr. Wilson Miles Cary, of Bal- 
timore, is given in the chart and fully proved. 

The account of the Harrison family, which has had the honor of fur- 
nishing two Presidents of the United States, is given in this volume, 
and in the addenda which have since been issued, very fully and accu- 
rately as far as the Berkeley branch, from which the Presidents came, 
is concerned. This is one of the instances in which we were acquainted, 
during the progress of the work, with the very thorough and e.xhaust- 
ive nature of Mr. Keith's investigations here and abroad. We can 
make no addition or correction in the genealogical portion of the ac- 
count of the family; but as Mr. Keith has largely confined himself to 
the descents, some notes (gathered from various authentic sources) as 
to offices held by various members may be of use to those who have 
the book. 

Benjamin^ Harrison was clerk of the Council, 1633. and Burgess, 1642. 
Benjamin' Harrison, of "Wakefield," was a justice of Surry, 1671, sher- 
iff, 1679, burgess, 16S0 and 16S2, and member of the Council from 1698 
until his death. Benjamin' Harrison, of "Berkeley," was attorney- 
general from 1697 to 1702, and speaker of the House of Burgesses. He 
at one time intended to write a history of Virginia, and there is in the 
Council Journal an order permitting him to make extracts from the 
records for that purpose. Perhaps bad health preceding his early death 
prevented the execution of his plan. Nathaniel' Harrison, of " Wake- 



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234 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

field," was a burgess, 1706; appointed to the Council, 1713; appointed 
county-lieutenant of Surry and Prince George in 1715, and was auditor- 
general. Benjamin* Harrison, of " Berkeley," was a member of the 
House of Burgesses when he died in 1744- Benjamin^ Harrison, of 
"Berkeley," "the Signer," was also member of tiie House of Bur- 
gesses, 1746-74; of the Conventions of 1775, 1776 and i73S; speaker of 
the House of Delegates (17S0), and Governor of Virginia. His son, 
Benjamin" Harrison, of " Berkeley," was a member of the Charles City 
Committee of Safety, 1775-6, and served in the Revolutionary Army as 
paymaster, with the rank of captain. A copy of his will, which was 
filed when his heirs obtained the land bounty due for his services, is in 
the Land Office. Nathaniel* Harrison, though at a very advanced age. 
must have been the "Nathaniel Harri^^on, of Brandon," who was 
elected member of the State Council in 1776, upon the resignation of 
his son, Benjamin* Harrison, of " Brandon," who had been elected 
member of the first Council of State. The latter was probably the 
"Benj. Harrison, Jr.," who was delegate from Prince George in 1780 
and 17S4, and the Benjamin Harrison delegate from Prince George, 
1777. We cannot assert positively the identity of the Be.ijamin Harri- 
son who was delegate from Prince George, iSoo 1S03-6, and 1816. 
Henry' Harrison, of Surry county, was a burgess, 171S-23. and ap- 
pointed to the Council, 1730. Edmund" Harrison was member of the 
House of Delegates, 1787, 1790, 1793, 1S02-6 (and probably other years); 
was speaker of the State Senate, and elected to the Council, i793- 
Collier* Harrison was delegate from Charles City, 1793, 1798, 1799, and 
iSoo. Carter H.= Harrison, of "Clifton." was member of the Cumber- 
land Coun.y Committee of Safety, 1775-6. a"d of the House of Dele- 
gates, 1784. Carter B." Harrison was member of the House of Dele- 
gates, 1784 and 17S5, and M C, 1793-99. A Carter Harrison was also 
delegate for Prince George in 1S05-6. George E. Harrison delegate 
from Prince George, 1S25. Randolph Harrison delegate from Cumber- 
land. William Harrison delegate from Sussex, iS23and 1S24. Nathan- 
iel Harrison, who was member of the State Senate in 17S0, from Isle 
of Wight, Surry, and Prince George, v,'as doubtless of "Wakefield." 
He was probably the Nathaniel Harrison who was speaker of one of 
the houses of the Assembly, about 17S4. William Harrison, who was 
sheriff of Prince George in 1726 and 1727, was probably of a different 
family. It may be of service to the genealogical investigators who 
think that all persons of the name Harrison are of the family of which 
Mr. Keith writes, to know that in nearly all of the southside counties, 
Prince George, Brunswick, Susse.x. Isle of Wight, &c., the records 
show numerous Harrisons, many of them named Benjamin, who it is 
thought could not possibly have been descended from Benjamm Harri- 
son, of Surry. 









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\ 



BOOK REVIEWS. 235 

Recently, while arranging the manuscripts of the Historical Society, 
the secretary found a copy of the will of Benjamin Harrison, tather of 
the "Signer." Its existence was before unknown, and deeming it to 
be of interest a full copy will be published in a future number of the 
Magazine. An account of the " Wakelield " and " Brandon " branches 
of the family, and a fuller account of those at " Clifton " and '■ Elk Hill " 
may be found in the Richmond Critic. 

Mr. Keith does not attempt to give a genealogy of the Carters, which 
has been fully done (as far as the descents) in the " Carter Tree." This, 
like all other "trees," is unsatisfactory, as being the bare skeleton of a 
family history, leaving out the things that make such a history of inter- 
est. The account before us, however, shows clearly that John Carter, 
the immigrant, was married five times, a fact which we believe; no 
account of the family was given. The records of Lancaster county 
contain very frequent mention of this Col. John Carter; as Major John 
Carter, he was a justice of Lancaster, 1653, and on Dec. 13th. 1656, on 
the formation of the present county, he was made presiding justice and 
colonel commandant. 

There are payments to him for services as a burgess in 165S and 
1660. On Apl. Sth, 1659, Governor Matthews issued a warrant to the 
sheriff of Lancaster to arrest Col. John Carter, charged with "Con- 
tempt of the late commission of the Government set out by his high- 
ness [Cromwell] and the lords of the Council," and bring him before 
the Governor and Council at Jamestown. His will, at Lancaster C. H., 
was dated January 3d, 1669; but was not put on record until January 
9th, 1722. The following is an abstract : 

Give the land and houses where I dwell to my son John ; to son 
Robert, 1000 acres of the patent deserted by Col. Matthews and taken 
up by me, lying on a branch of Corratoman : if son John die without 
male issue, his land to go to Robert, and if Robert die without male 
issue and John have female issue, the land to go to such issue; and if 
John have no issue whatsoever, then the land to go to Robert's female 
issue, if he have no male. If neither son have issue then my land to 
go to my daughter Elizabeth Utie. Personal Estate to be divided into 
three equal parts, of which John and Robert are to have each one, and 
the other third is to be divided as follows: my wife Elizabeth to be 
paid /500. with remainder to her son (the said amount being due her 
by contract) ; to her also, a negro boy, her necklace of pearl and 
diamond [&c., &c., &c.]; to daughter Elizabeth Utie ^10 sterling she 
having already had a considerable portion ; son Robert to have his 
mother's hoop ring, and Crystall necklace; son John to have his 
mother's hoop ring and the Elizabeth piece of gold [probably a medal], 
also my seal ring, rapier, watch, and wearing apparell, and all my 
books, only my son Robert to have one sixth part of them ; and my 



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236 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

wife to have David's Tears, Byfields Treatise, the whole duty of man, 
and her own books; my son Robert, in his minority is to be well edu- 
cated for the use of his estate, and he is to have a man or youth servant 
bought for him, that hath been brought up in the Latin School, and 
that he (the servant) shall constantly tend upon him, not only to teach 
him his books, either in English or Latin, according to his capacity (for 
my will is that he shall learn both Latin and English, and to write), 
and also to preserve him from harm and from doing evil. My execu- 
tors to allow my wife for her son's education /lo per annum and in 
case my wife put her son out apprentice his portion to bind him is to 
be paid; son John is to allow my wife's son (whose name is intended 
Charles) necessary clothes. Remainder of estate to be divided into 
three equal parts between wife and sons John and Robert. Appoint 
Mr. Thomas Haynes, Mr. Thomas Maidstard, Mr. Robert Griggs, and 
Mr. David Miles executors. Codicel : My son Charles to have /12 
instead of ^10 per annum [also gives several other legacies]. 

The inventory of the personal estate of Col. John Carter was re- 
corded July 20th, 1670. Among numerous entries it included many 
napkins and table cicths marked M. V., others marked S. V. P., F. 
AC, E. C, and L C. : curtains, sheets, &c,, &c.; a number of beds and 
bedsteads, no lbs. of the best sort of pewter, 60 lbs. of the middle 
sort of pewter, 55 lbs. of old broken pewter, kitchen utensils, 15 
" turkie work chairs," 21 old leather chairs, S turkie work cushions, 
and 2 old cushions, 6 Spanish tables, 2 looking glasses, 2 chests of 
drawers, 2 silver tankards (valued at /13), i large silver salt sellar, 2 
silver porringers, 9 silver spoons, sheep, cattle, hogs and numerous 
other articles; the whole appraisement being ^2250 10. 6. 

It is not known for whom the initials (containing V.) stand. None of 
John Cartel's wives had surnames beginning with V. Perhaps the 
impalement three crosses crosslet on shield on Robt. Carter's tomb 
represents this name. 

The son Charles probably died young as his name does not appear 
again except in his brother John's will. Robert, the second son, was 
the well known " King Carter," whose will is not on record at Lancas- 
ter C. H., but was probably proved in General Court. Of the eldest 
son, John, little has been known, though the '' Carter Tree " states that 
he married Elizabeth Wormeley, and had a daughter, Elizabeth, who 
married Lloyd. He appears in the Lancaster records as Lt. -Colo- 
nel Jno. Carter, a justice in 1676, and died in June, 1690, leaving a 
daughter, Elizabeth, who married John Lloyd, of Richmond county, 
Gentleman. An examination of the General Court records (one vol- 
ume in the Society Library) and those of Lancaster, show that this 
Col. John Carter, Junior, probably married, first, a daughter of \Vm. 
Lloyd, as there is, dated June loth, 1690, a deed from Elizabeth, wife 






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ROOK REVIEWS. 



23 : 



of Wm. Lloyd, Gent., one of the overseer's of Col. Jno. Carter [Jr'sj. 
will, and grandmother of his daughter, Elizabeth, and that he married 
secondly (as the records show), Elizabeth, daughter of Raleigh Travers, 
of Lancaster county. She married, secondly. Col. Christopher Worme 
ley, of Middlesex (who had himself been married twice before). The 
number of times and the rapidity with which these old colonial people 
married is astonishing. The Lancaster records prove beyond a doubt 
that Elizabeth, the mother of Mrs Elizabeth (Travers) Carter, married, 
(I) Thomas Stevens; (2) Raleigh Travers ; (3) Robert Beckingham ; (4) 
Thomas Wilks ; (5) George Spencer, and probably a sixth time, as 
there is mention, in 1697, of Wm. Man having married Elizabeth 
Spencer, widow. It was not at all an unusual thing for a later husband 
to submit for probate the will of his predecessor. They all seem to 
have been to a man (and woman) devout believers in the precept that 
it is not good for man to be alone, and got rid of this loneliness with a 
speed which would almost make the funeral baked meats serve for the 
wedding feast. It should be borne in mind, however, that the position 
of a woman, alone in charge of an estate in a newly settled country, 
surrounded by half savage negroes or convict servants, was a dis- 
agreeable and trying one, and doubtless accounts a good deal for the 
marriages. 

The will of John Carter, Jr., dated June 4th, 1690, and proved in Lan- 
caster, June nth, 1690, gives freedom to several negroes; to Edward 
Herbert 20 shillings for a ring ; makes various provisions for his wife 
(who is to have one-third of his books of divinity); his daughter, Eliz- 
abeth, to have the other two-thirds of his books of divinity. Two- 
thirds of his property (after the payment of his debts) is to go to his 
daughter, Elizabeth, who is permitted to sell all the property in Virginia. 
the money to be paid by good bills of exciiange to be sent home [the 
common term for England] to Mr Lemon and Mr. Arthur Bailey, or 
the survivor. His daughter to have her choice at 14 years, either to 
stay in Virginia and live either with her grandmother, her molher 
[step-mother?], or Mrs. Morrige, which she pleises, and to be allowed 
/30 per annum, &c. See. ; or to go to England, and there to be allowed 
/40 sterling per annum out of the said interest. His brother, Robert 
Carter, to receive two-thirds of the property if Elizabeth died before 
she came of age or married, and his brother Charles to have one-third 
[one-third of the estate not provided for was of course the wife's 
dowerj. Appoints his daughter, Elizabeth, his executor, and her grand- 
mother, her "mother-in-law" [step-mother], his brother Robert, and 
Mrs. Morrice, overseers. Also gives legacies to Mr. Jackson [Andrew 
Jackson, minister of the parish], Mr. Morris and his wife, and Doctor 
Innis. Gives to his brother Robert, all his law and Latin books, and 
his sword, cane and periwig. There is recorded shortly afterwards 



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•: ' ;:■ > .:■ 'M .\i\ bnii ,{>s>iriKm 10 i>Si> lo orrsco °»ds 



238 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

an inventory of his personal property, which included 71 slaves, 63 
titles of books, Latin, Greek, Spanish and French, and in English; di- 
vinity, poetry, history, &c. &c. [The Eiken Basilike appears next to 
Ovid, and the Basilikon Doron to Penn's " No Cross no Crown " — Bax- 
ter seems to have been an especial favorite]. The articles in this inven- 
tory are not appraised; but there is also what appears to be an addi- 
tional inventory, amounting to ^1038 3 8. It is worth noting that 
there was another I'amily of Carter in Lancaster, descended from .Major 
Thomas Carter, justice in 1663. 

In connection with the Carter pedigree .Mr. Keith has made careful 
investigation in regard to the Landons. 

Prefixed to the book is a large genealogical chart, tracing through 
many lines a remote and distinguished European ancestry. 

Mr. Keith's work throughout is so well done that it really precludes 
any critical examination. All that can be said is to praise it. We have, 
however, used it as an occasion to gather some additional notes that 
may be useful to its readers. It was intended that a much earlier no- 
tice should have been given, but unforeseen circumstances have pre- 
vented. 



, Ai.!v..'.,-V 



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Biiririi 






■Vi7n?r!CH:: Cr-ex:'gr«pbi.-u,r ckiviiriN / iiir '\,n-. ;> >^- ^ctw 
' 0'«-ii:<Ja iii*iUHi'Zii< Society at (.'itca, J.^a-t^. 



.nm\Ai)/.u dhOtHOiaiH AixioHiv 88i. 






V PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED. 239 



,; PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED. 



Manor of Philipsburgh, by Hon. T. Astley Atkins, Yonkers, N. Y., 
1S94. 

New England Historical and Genealogical Register for July, 1894. 
Boston, 1S94. 

New Hampshire Historical Society Publications, Vol. II, part ii, iii. 
Concord, 1S94. 

Virginia Exposition. A pamphlet published by the Virginia State 
Agricultural and Mechanical Society, Richmond, 1S9}. 

Society of the Colonial Wars in the Commonwealth of Massachu- 
setts, Celebration of Forefathers' Day, 1893. Boston, 1S94. 

Iowa Historical Record. Published by Iowa Historical Society, July, 
1894. 

Archaeologist for January, 1894. Waterloo, Indiana, 1894. 

Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, June, 1894. Phil- 
adelphia, Pa., 1S94. 

Pennsylvania .Magazine of History and Biography, No. 2, Vol. XVIII, 
Philadelphia, Pa., 1S94. 

Bulletin of the University of Wisconsin, June, 1894. Madison, 1894. 

John Howe Peyton. Ceremonies Attending the Presentation of his 
Portrait. Staunton, Va., 1S94. 

Alumni Bulletin. University of Virginia, July, 1894. 

Bulletin of American Geographical Society for June, 1894. New 
York, 1894. 

Transactions of the Oneida Historical Society at Utica, 1892-1894. 
Utica, N. Y., 1894. 

Nebraska Historical Society Publications, Vol. I, No. i. New Series. 
Lincoln, 1S94. 

Annual Report of American Historical Association for the year, 1893. 
Washington, D. C, 1S94. > 



.c!37 : :-.'0J Ji ^roiTA^i.iR'J'i 



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jihs^. (.^liyiiY ; ;j v.-l fiv^'-ir'iMyq l-H'rms^; ;■■■ hs.' >•,.■'': .1,,. >" 

-Iffi'l ,i.;>8; ..ynij] ..M-jiiJOc' l«;:>i;iqo.< K.; i ..r.jiisr'iA -ifii lo k^;;:!!.--?" ^ui^ 

.J^v-^i viiil r^i^'-i;^'''^ '■<■■ ■;.' ';''^'';'''- .:;"'m!(.'M ;n;-;rlA 
v/9"/I .K'f^.; .'Jiiiii lo'i {lOJjoc ii :,'iti:;>-.i;K''5>0 nRoiiarnA to nijallufl 

.lA-.".! ,.'/ .V. .RO'tfJ 

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.ifi&i .ifisy 9fij 10^ noi'jinyo?.<A JKnnol^iH neDM-smA lo J-i 

.t^8i ..3 . 



240 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Royal Society of Canada. Proceedings and Transactions, Vol. XI. 
Ottawa, 1S94. 

American Historical Register, Vol. I, No. i. Philadelphia, 1S94. 

Southern Magazine tor Sept. 1894. Louisville, Ky.. 1S94. 

Rebellion Record. Series I, Vols. 35, 36, 37, s^. 40. 

Canadian Record of Science, No. S, Vol. V. Montreal, 1893. 

Johns Hopkins University Studies, Twelfth Series, No. X. English 
Institutions and the American Indian. Baltimore. Md., 1S94. 

Report of American Bar Association, 1S93. Philadelphia, Pa., 1S93. 



;'J 



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ridisnH .X'oK ,?vM-i-^f^ •';>:-./.";■ ,:-■;:.;;':• /'::-;:Vi 






PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



Virginia Historical Society 



AT ITS 



,:. ,^^ ANNUAL MEETING 

a lufi;- .■iv''.'J-..v:r-^.'-: ..-^ HELD IN THE .j /; ^ :;. et -v ..^ 

''!\^ *'■'' Society's Building, December iSth, 1894, 

(..'cm If 



y. .:r 1 : WITH THE .. v '■ ':■■•" '' ' i . ': 'V'di'i 

1 LIST OF OFFICERS AND MEMBERS OF THE SOCIETY. 



RICHMOND: 

VVM. ELLIS JONES, BOOK AND JOB PRINTER. 
1894. 



aoviK ^T 



YJoiooS li;jiio]reiH i^Kiig'iiV 



y/A i H:ii/: j/r/.v./. 



J-eSl ,f^l8l T'^r-'H-i-Mi .;i;ii!:iJira ^'yJaho?^ 



't:i]'Jos 3HT HO c-jjs.^:' ii' t/a e;i:?:)iR^o lo tp.ij 



.RSTWIJIIS aoi. OK/. BUja .mw 



^v well iV'-. ,;r..^^-^n' Hy the>c ^v-dr-r.cts .U it- 



ha 



PROCEEDINGS 



Virginia Historical Society 



]\v^\ 



Annua/ Meetiyig held Deceynber i8ih, i8g4. 



The annual meeting of the Virginia Historical Society was 
held Tuesday evenirg, December iSth, 1894, at the Society's 
building, 707 east Franklin street, Richmond, Va. There was 
a large attendance of members, and the audience also included 
a number of ladies and strangers. 

Mr. Joseph Bryan, President of the Society, called the meet- 
ing to order, and submitted the following report of the Executive 
Committee for the year 1894 : 

To the Members of the Virginia Historical Society : 

The Executive Committee of your Society have the honor 
to submit the following as their annual report for the past year. 
At the last annual report the membership of the Society con- 
sisted of life members, fifty: annual members, six hundred and 
two; total, six hundred and fifty-two. The present membership 
is life members, fifty-nine; annual members, six hundred and 
ninety-one; total, seven hundred and fifty. This number remains 
after omitting the names of all who have resigned, and those 
who have not paid their dues for two years, and also those who 
we have good reason to believe will not pay their dues this year. 
During the past year there were one hundred and eighty- 
seven additions to our membership. When it is recalled that 
two years ago our membership did not exceed two hundred and 



aox I a 30 005^1^1 



Vj3hc/d iKoiioiaiH i,i[iijj'nV 



X'^l\ ,S^'.. ^^<^l'V^■. 



'T .y?'in bnj> buibni/d n»798 ,lsJo,t ;'jno-'<J'3nin 
; ■^vfifl oHw !{£ to R^rni-ri s>!lj v;nfjJimo la^jlfi 

3..iL ::.3;:i..'.. , , ijjo o,j -' v^b 

bne bsibnuri owl be^'>xo Jon bib qidi-jsdtn^m tvci o^fc gisox owJ 



IV VIRGINIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

fifty, the Society may well feel gratified by these evidences of its 
strength and progress. 

The Treasurer's report is as follows: 

On the 9th October, 1S93, the balance on hand in the 

State Bank and certificates I'i>95i 09 

Received since for annual dues and books 3.473 68 

Endowment fund 235 00 

Interest on certificates paid 61 09 

For life members 500 00 

Total 56,220 86 

Paid out for printing and other expenses |2,6o2 84 

Salaries 1,63200 ' •' \ 

Insurance 52 50 

— 4.287 34 

Balance 6th October, 1S94 |i.933 52 

as per report to the Executive Committee of that date, consisting of 
Balance in the State Bank of Virginia $ 33 52 

And 4.^0 certificates i,9c»o 00 

I1.933 52 



It will be seen that the balance on hand the 9th October this 
year is but S17.47 less than we had at the same period last year. 
This we may justly regard as a most favorable exhibit, in view 
of the general condition of our people. 

In our last report we made special refeience to the aid which 
had been rendered by other States of the Uniftn to their respec- 
tive Historical Societies, and expressed the opinion that a pro- 
pitious time had arrived for applying for State aid in our work. 

Such an application was made to our Legislature in session last 
winter, and a bill was prepared and presented to the proper com- 
mittee appropriating $2,000. This sum was cut down by the 
finance committee to $1,000, and for that amount the bill was 
approved, but it failed of its passage and was not even reached 
on the calendar. We shall renew this application at the next 
Legislature, but meantime, our reliance is on our own member- 
ship for the support of our work. 



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PROCEEDINGS. 



Library. 



The additions to the library for the eleven months ending De- 
cember ist, were three hundred and five volumes, including 
books and pamphlets. Many of these were special gifts from 
friends of the Society, or from the authors themselves. Partic- 
ular reference is gratefully made to the very valuable gift of the 
Board of World's Fair Managers of Virginia, who presented 
the Society with a large number of books by Virginia authors 
which formed a part of the collection exhibited in Chicago. 
This was a very notable addition to the collection of books relat- 
ing to Virginia, now in possession of the Society. Our Library 
Committee are specially anxious to increase this collection with a 
view of making it in time one of the most complete in the State. 
At present, reliance has to be placed on the generosity of friends 
of the Society to enlarge the collection, and it is hoped that all 
"who are interested in the growth of the library will present to it 
such books relaf'ng to Virginia history as they are willing to 
give. The most important addition to our literary resources, as 
they are among the most valuable in the United States, were the 
two volumes of manuscript proceedings of the London Com- 
pany, and one volume of miscellaneous manuscript notes from 
the Colonial records, apparently compiled about 1740. It is 
possible that these are the notes mentioned by Stith in his pre- 
face as having been compiled under the direction of Sir John 
Randolph, and used by Stith in preparing his history of Virginia. 
These manuscripts were delivered to the Society by the heirs of 
the late Conway Robinson, in accordance with his express 
wishes, and were reserved by them until now, only because the 
Society lacked a fire proof safe in which to deposit them. This 
safe — a commodious one, but quite too small for all the manu- 
script treasures of the Society — has been obtained, put in place, 
and contains the most valuable of our manuscripts. 

Publications. 

The publications of the Society for the past year have been 



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vi VIRGINIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

confined to its Quarterly Magazine. It is gratifying to know- 
that this Magazine is held in high esteem by historical scholars 
generally. It is, perhaps, not too much to claim for it the second 
position among similar magazines issued in this country. There 
has been a growing demand for the back numbers of it from all 
parts of the United States. The Secretary printed and distri- 
buted a full list of all the publications of the Society, and in 
consequence the sales of such publications amounted, during 
last year, to about $266.60. The Publication Committee make 
an encouraging forecast of their work for the coming year. They 
say it is their intention to conform very strictly to the policy 
adopted for the Magazine in the beginning, and which has been 
the true explanation of the attention which it has attracted among 
American scholars, that is, to confine the matter appearing in it, 
as far as practicable, to the priceless original materials for Vir- 
ginian and American history which are now found in different 
receptacles, public and private, in this State and in England. 
Following upon this line it is proposed to continue, during the 
coming year, the publication of such matter as the Fitzhugh 
Letters, to be followed by the Byrd Letters, these being almost 
the only material in existence of this special personal character 
which throws light on the trade relations of this colony and the 
mother country in the seventeenth century, besides being valu- 
able from a genealogical point of view.' The publication of the 
instructions to Governor Yeardley, in 1618, will, in the course of 
1895, be followed by the publication of the instructions given 
by the English Government to Harvey, Berkeley, Culpeper and 
Howard. It is proposed to continue the series of Grievances 
offered by the different counties of Virginia to the English Com- 
missioners after the close of the Bacon Insurrection, to be fol- 
lowed by the very valuable and interesting first report, never 
before printed, which these Commissioners made to their Gov- 
ernment as to the causes and events of the Insurrection. 

In the October, 1894, number of the Magazine the publication 
of the lists of Virginia soldiers engaged in the French and 
Indian Wars, under Colonel Washington, was finished, and in the 






i". 









ni 



PROCEEDINGS. Vll 

first number for 1S95 there will be begun the publication of the 
Virginia officers and men in the Continental line, which it is pro- 
posed to leave no means unemployed to make exhaustive. 

It has been considered advisable to introduce a regular depart- 
ment of Genealogy into the Magazine, in which the history as 
well as the membership of the families treated will be given, and it 
has been suggested by the Editor of the Magazine that this de- 
partment shall be placed in charge of some genealogical expert 
of distinction, so as to assure the most careful and accurate 
results. 

The Abstracts of the Virginia Land Patents will be continued 
with full genealogical notes. These Abstracts and Notes are of 
special importance for the light which they throw upon the char- 
acter of the Emigration to Virginia from England in the Colonial 
age. Every effort will be made to maintain the value and inte- 
rest of the contributions to the Historical Notes and Review 
Department. 

Two years ago we had 4,494 volumes of the publications of 
the Virginia Historical Society, beginning with the Letters of 
Governor Nelson, published in 1S74. These volumes at the cur- 
rent prices charged for them would be worth about $22,000.00, 
but at a valuation reduced more than half the Society should 
eventually receive not less than Sio.ooo.oo for their investment 
in them. 

Since our last annual meeting, a complete catalogue of books, 
newspapers and pamphlets has been made and arranged alpha- 
betically according to the card system. Additional shelf room 
has been provided, which will be ample for several years. Your 
Executive Committee have also ordered appropriate albums for 
preserving photographs or drawings of portraits and other 
objects of antiquarian and historical interest. 

Ladies' Societies. 

As was reported at the last annual meeting, the Society had 
tendered the use of the rooms to the Association for the Preser- 
vation of Virginia Antiquities, fo the Society of the Colonial 









.rnarfl oi 



i 



Vni VIRGINIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Dames of America, and to the Old Dominion Chapter of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution. These organizations 
have, from time to time, held their meetings in the rooms of the 
Historical Society, and we have been gratified by the interest 
that the ladies have taken in the objects of our Society and their 
appreciation of its usefulness, which they have practically illus- 
trated, not only by the presentation to the Society last year of 
$902.60 in cash, but they now offer to furnish the upper rooms 
of our building, and have made an appropriation for that pur- 
pose, which will be expended under the direction of a committee 
composed of representatives of those Societies and of this. 
They further offer us for our reading-rooms the leading periodi- 
cals and magazines of the day. 

Assistant-Librarian. ... 

For several months past your committee have caused the rooms 
of the Society to be kept open from 9 A. M. until 10:30 P. M. 
After 5 P. M., the rooms have been under the guardianship of Mrs. 
Sallie Nelson Robins, the Assistant-Librarian, whose work in as- 
sisting the Corresponding Secretary and Librarian about the cata- 
logue of our books and the publication of our Magazine, as well as 
in the perfoimance of all duties as Assistant-Librarian, the Secre- 
tary and Librarian has specially recognized and acknowledged 
to have been most intelligent and efficient. The rooms have 
been visited by an increasing number of those interested in his- 
torical research, and many strangers make a point of finding 
their way to our building upon visiting the city. Some improve- 
ment has been made in lighting the apartments, and although 
their furniture is not luxurious, the rooms have been kept thor- 
oughly comfortable. A cordial acknowledgement should be 
made by the Society to its officers : Mr. Philip A. Bruce, Cor- 
responding Secretary and Librarian, and his,assistant Mrs. Sallie 
Nelson Robins, to the Recording Secretary, D. C. Richardson, 
Esq., and to our Treasurer, R. T. Brooke, Esq., for their faith- 
ful work and zealous interest to which so much of the prosperity 
of the Society is due. 



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PROCEEDINGS. 



Necrology. 



Since our last meeting among the names which have by the 
hand of death been stricken from our roll are those of Dr. C. G. 
Barney, one of the oldest life members of the Society, whose 
services in preserving our library during the war were specially 
acknowledged in our last annual report. The Honorable R. C. 
Winthrop, of Boston, an honorary member, full of honors as ot 
years— a cordial friend of \'irginia — with the consciousness ot 
having faithfully served his State in his day and generation, has 
departed as one " who wraps the drapery of his couch about him 
and lies down to pleasant dreams." A strong link between Mass- 
achusetts and Virginia has been broken which we may in vain 
look to see replaced. 

But upon our own circle has the great leveler laid his resisdess 
hand, and loving a shining mark, he has stricken down in the 
perfection of his manhood, in the fullness of his usefulness, our 
associate on this committee, Frank H. McGuire. The untimely 
death of this "loyal and true-hearted" Virginian and zealous 
member of this Society has been lamented by many, but by none 
more than ourselves. 

Conclusion. 

Your committee are of the opinion that a great sphere of use- 
fulness lies before the Society; that no argument is needed to 
convince even the most thoughtless of the value of experience 
as a teacher; that history presents the experience of nations, and 
that it is as true now as it was in the days of Solomon, " That 
the thing that hath been is that which shall be, and that which is 
done is that which shall be done, and there is no new thing 
under the sun"; that at no period of our history has it ever 
been more essential than now to hold fast to sound doctrine in 
the conduct of the affairs of State, and that as no new principle 
of government will be discovered, we have before us only the 
choice of those that have been tried; that as a Society profess- 
ing to investigate especially the history of Virginia, we have a 



MQ 









X VIRGINIA HISTORICAL SOCIETV. 

field rich in material of greatest value for the instruction of both 
citizen and statesman; that in no territory of like area, in no 
lapse of time of the same length, in no population of equal num- 
bers, in no part of the world, or any period of its history will 
there be found as much to instruct and to elevate, to broaden 
philanthropy and intensify patriotism, to add modesty to pros- 
perity, and take humiliation and despair from deleat, and to 
make men strong and true and brave, as may be found in the 
history of the people of Virginia. 

Jos. Bryan. 
December iSih, 1894. 

Upon the conclusion of the reading of the report, the com- 
mittee appointed at the last meeting of the Executive Committee 
to draft resolutions of respect to the memory of Mr. Francis H. 
McGuire, a member of the Executive Committee, submitted the 
following: 

The Virginia Historical Society is called upon to mourn the death of 
Francis H. McGuire, a member of its Executive Committee, and his 
associates upon that Committee desire to commit to record a brief me- 
morial of his usefulness, and the sense of their personal bereavement 
in the loss of their highly esteemed co-official and friend. 

The religious, benevolent, educational, and professional organizations 
with which he was connected, have already, by appropriate action, 
borne testimony to the high esteem in which he was held and the fidel- 
ity with which he discharged his several trusts. 

In his relations with the members of this Committee he exhibited the 
same lovable yet manly qualities which endeared him to his associates 
in rhose other organizations, and that faithfulness in the discharge of 
of every duty which brought him merited distinction in all the walks 
of life. Industry and perseverance were among the most prominent 
features of his character. 

To purity of heart and a high sense of honor he added a courtesy of 
manner and forgetfulness of self which justly entitled him to the appel- 
lation of "Virginia Gentleman." He was sprung tVom a stock always 
in full sympathy with the institutions of the Commonwealth and the 
genius of her people. In their lives and fortunes they but mirrored 
the changes in her varied but ever glorious history. Thus connected 
by lies of blood and association, the work of this Society was to him, 
indeed, a labor of love. To collect and preserve in authentic form the 
memorials which should declare, with unquestioned voice, the history 



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PROCEEDINGS. XI 

of Virginia; to bring to her people such knowledge of her past as 
would stimulate them to higher aspirations; all this he accounted patri- 
otic effort, worthy of his best endeavors. To this great work he lent 
his time and sympathy with unstinted energy. In his death the work 
of historical research and preservation has lost a valued ally, and this 
Society one of its loremost friends. 

The President appointed the following gentlemen as a com- 
mittee to report nominations of officers for the ensuing year : 
Messrs. Henry S. Hutzler, S. S. P. Patteson, Jackson Guy and 
Edward T. Crump. 

After conferring together they reported the names of the fol- 
lowing persons, and they were elected unanimously, Rev. Dr. 
Wm. T. Richardson being instructed to cast the vote of the 
Society: 

President, Joseph Bryan, Richmond, Va.; Vice-Presidents, J. 
L. M. Curry, Washington, D. C. ; Archer Anderson, Richmond, 
Va. ; William P. Palmer, M. D., Richmond, \'a. ; Corresponding 
Secretary and Librarian, Philip A. Bruce, Richmond, Va.; Re- 
cording Secretary, D. C. Richardson, Richmond.Va. ; Treasurer, 
Robert T. Brooke, Richmond.Va. ; Executive Committee, Lyon 
G. Tyler, Williamsburg, Va. ; E. V. Valentine, Richmond, Va. ; 
C. V. Meredith, Richmond, Va. ; B. W. Green, ^L D. , Richmond, 
Va. ; William G. Stanard, Richmond, Va.; B. B. Munford, Rich- 
mond, Va.; R. H. Gaines, Richmond, Va. ; Colonel W. H. 
Palmer, Richmond, Va. ; Virginius Newton, Richmond, Va. ; 
R. L. Traylor, Richmond, Va. ; Professor Charles W. Kent, 
University of Virginia; E. C. Venable, Petersburg, Va. 

Mr. R. H. Gaines, from the Committee on New Members, 
submitted the following for membership, and they were elected: 
G. Childers, Clarksville, Tenn.; John B. Atkinson, Earlington, 
Ky. ; Mrs. Selden S. Wright, San Francisco, Cal. ; John Lewis 
RoBarts, Hannibal, Mo.; Rev. C. E. Craik, Louisville, Ky.; 
Hampton Institute, Hampton, Va. ; W. W. Flournoy, Lake City, 
Fla. ; Tucker C. Eggleston and Mrs. Franklin Stearns, Rich- 
mond.Va. 

The business meeting having been concluded, President Bryan 



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X" VIRGINIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Stated that it had been expected that Judge W. W. Crump 
would make the annual address, but was prevented from doing 
so by illness. Professor Lyon G. Tyler, President of William 
and Mary College, had been called upon instead and had readily 
responded. 

Mr. Bryan then introduced Professor Tyler, who read a very 
interesting and valuable paper on " Elections in Colonial Vir- 
ginia." The paper was a strong presentation of the Democratic 
spirit that prevailed in the Colony. 

Rev. Dr. Richardson made a few remarks about sulfrage in 
Virginia after the establishment of the Commonwealth, and after 
a vote of ^jianks to Professor Tyler, proposed by Mr. Henry S. 
Hutzlef, the meeting adjourned. 

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OFFICERS AND MEMBERS 

OF THE 

Virginia Historical Society, 

JANUARY 1, 1895. . 



P>-esident. ■■ .'..'• 

y. 

t Joseph Bryan, Richmond, Virginia. • ■ ' 

c , 

vj:.' M ' -> ■' ;; .^ :. .-; Vice-Presidents. '.,-.• . :. .r ••. ;. 

J. L. M. Curry, Washington, D. C. 
I Archer An'^erson, Richmond, Va. 

J William P. Palmer, M. D., Richmond, Va. 

f.-«^n t'.'_> Corresponding Secretary and Librarian. V . ■ 

Philip A. Bruce, Richmond, Va. 

J,.'*- ; .,. - ',. Recordi?ig Secretary. - ■; ,....• -vi 

ij-,.~-- J) (;; Richardson, Richmond, Va. 

Treasurer. 

» Robert T. Brooke, Richmond, Va, • '■'> 

Executive Committee. 

Lyon G. Tyler, Williamsburg, Va. R. H. Gaines, Richmond, Va. 
E. V. Valentine, Richmond, Va. \Vm. H. Palmer, Richmond, Va. 
C. V. Meredith, Richmond, Va. Virginius Newton, Richmond, Va. 
B.W. Green, M. D., Richmond.Va. R. L. Traylor, Richmond. Va. 
Wm. G. Stanard, Richmond, Va. Chas. VV. Kent, University of Va. 
B. B. MuNFORD, Richmond, Va. E. C. Venable, Petersburg, Va. 

and, ex-officio, the President, Vice-Presidents, Secretaries, 
and Treasurer. 



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LIST OF MEMBERS. 



HONORARY MEMBERS. 



Arber, Prof Edw'd, Birniinghain, Eng'd. 
Brown, Alexander, Norwood, Va. 
Gilbert, Hon. J. \V., New Vork, N. V. 
Jones, Rev. John Wm.,D. D., Atlanta, Ga 
Keane, Prof. A. H., London, Eng'd. 
Sainsburi', W. Noel, Londoti, Eng'd. 



Spofford, Hon A. R., Washington, D. C 

Stewart, .Mrs. John, Brook Hill, Va. 

Whitsitt, Rev. VV. H., D. D., Louisville, Ken- 
tucky. 

Winthrop, Hon. Robert C. (Dec), Boston, 
Mass. 



CORRESPONDING MEMBERS. 



Adams, F. G , Topeka, Kansas. 
Alrill, Chas. H., London, Eng'd. 
Bacon, H. F., Bury St. Edmund, Eng'd. 
Banks, Chas. E., M. D., Chelsea, Mass. 
Barber, E. A., Philadelphia. Pa. 
Bryant, H. \V , Portland, Me. 
Campeau, Hon. F. R. E., Ottawa, Canada. 
Carrington, Gen. H. B., .New York, N. V. 
Champlin, J. D.. Jr., New York, N. Y. 
Craig, Isaac, Alleghany, Pa. 
Dean, John Ward, Boston, Mass. 
Darling, Gen. C. W., Utica, N. Y. 
Drake, Col. S. A., Kentiebunkport, Me. 
Egle, VVm. H., M. D , Harrisburg, Pa. 
Fernow, Berthold, Washington, D. C. 
Graham, A. A., Columbus, O. 
Green, Hon. S. A., M. D , Boston, Mass. 



Hart, Chas. H., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Hayden, Rev. H. E., Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Hinsdale, Prof. B. A.. Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Hoadly, Hon. C. J., Hartford, Conn. 
Hoes, Rev. R. R , Washington, D. C. 
Judah, George F., Spanish Town, Jamaica. 
Lee, J. W. .M., Baltimore, Md. 
Nicholson, Col. J. P., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Perry, Hon. Amos, Providence, R. L 
Peyster, Gen J. Watts de. New York, N. Y. 
Phillimore, W. P. W., London, Eng'd. 
Rose, Josiah, Lancaster, EngM. 
Ross, Hon. D A., Quebec, Canada. 
Stone, F. D., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Thwing, E. P., Brooklyn. N. Y. 
Wright, W. H. K , Plymouth, Eng'd. 



LIFE MEMBERS. 



Alexander, H. M., New York, N. Y. 
Andrews, O., Baltimore, Md. 
Astor Library, New York N. Y. 
Bain, George ^L , Jr , Portsmouth, Va. 
Barksdale. George A., Richmond, Va. 
Barksdale, R , M. D , Petersburg, Va. 
Barney, C. G., M. D.iDec.i, Richmond, Va. 
Beverley, Col. R., The Plains, Va. 
Boston Athenaeum, Boston, .Mass. 
Brooks, P. C, Boston, Mass. 
Bryan, Joseph, Richmond, Va. 
Byrd, George H., New York, N. Y. 
Cabell, J. .Alston, Richmond, Va. 
California State Library, Sacramento, Cal. 
Conway, M D , New York, N. Y. 
Columbia College, New York, N V. 
Cleburne, C. J.. M. D , U. S. Naval Hos- 
pital, Boston, Mass. 
Cottrell, James L., Richmond, Va. 
Davenport, Isaac, Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Deats, H. E., Flemington, N. J. 
Ellis, Col. Thos. H.. Washington, D. C. 
Gary, J. A., Baltimore, Md. 
Gibbs, Mrs. Virginia B., New York, N. Y. 
Grafflin, John C. Baltimore, Md. 
Grandy, C. Wiley, Norfolk, Va. 



Gratz, Simon, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Grigsby, H. C , Smithville, Va. 

HoUiday, Hon. F W. M., Winchester, Va. 

Hughes, R. M., Norfolk, Va. 

Ingalls, y\. E , Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Jones, William Ellis, Richmond, \'a. 

Keith, Charles P., Philadelphia, Penn. 

Lee, Edmund J.. Philadelphia, Penn. 

Lee, General G. W. C., Lexington, Va. 

Lee, Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips, Silver 

Springs, Sliiro, .Md. 
Leiter, L. Z., Chicago, 111. 
Logan, General T. NL, Richmond, Va. 
Low, Hon. Seth, New York, N. Y. 
Mallory, Hon. E. S., Jackson, Tenn. 
Mather, Mrs. M. H., Bound Brook, N. J. 
Minor, B. B., Richmond, Va. 
McCormick, Cyrus Hall, Chicago, 111. 
New York State Library, Albany, N. Y. 
Price, Prof. Thos. R., Columbia College, 

N. Y. 
Purcell, John (Dec), Richmond, Va. 
Richardson, D. C., Richi.^ond, Va. 
Richeson, Col. Thos., St. Louis, Mo. 
Rives, .Arthur L., Newport, R. I. 
Rives, George Lockhart, New York, N. Y. 






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VIRGINIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



Richmond, Va , College Library. 
Talcott, Colonel T. M. R., Richmond, Va. 
Traylor, R. L., Richmond, Va. 
Van de Vyver, Rt. Rev. A., D. D., Rich- 
mond, \'a 
Walker, Major D. X., Richmond. Va. 



Washington & Lee L'niv., Le.xington, \'a. 
Whitehead, J. B , Norfolk, Va. 
Wickham, Henry T., Richmond, \"a. 
Williams, Thomas C, Richmond, \"a. 
Woodhouse, James (Dec.i, Richmond, \'a. 



ANNUAL MEMBERS.^ 



Adams, Walter, Fra: lingham, Mass. 

Addison, E. B., Richmond, Va. 

Addison, John, Richmond, Va. 

Adelbert College, Cleveland. O. 

Akers, M. L., Richmond, Va. 

Aldrich, Hon. P. Emory, Worcester, Mass. 

Alexander, Rev. H. C, D. D., Oakland, 

Md. (Dec) 
Alfriend, Thomas L., Richmond, \'a. 
Alger, General Russell .\., Detroit, Mich. 
Allison, James W. Richmond, \'a. 
Anderson, Colonel Archer, Richmond, Va. 
Anderson, Gen. Charles J , Richmond, Va. 
Anderson, James Harper, Richmond, Va. 
Anderson, James House Columbus, O. 
Anderson, James Lewis, Richmond, Va. 
Anderson, John F. T., Richmond, Va. 
Anderson, W. A., Le.xington, Va. 
Atkins, S. B., Richmond, Va. 
Atkinson, J. B., Earlington, Ky. 
Atkinson, Thomas, Richmond, Va. 
Axtell, Decatur, Richmond, Va. 
Avers, Hon. Rufus A., Big Stone Gap, Va. 

Baker, R. H., Norfolk, Va. 

Ball, Miss Anne Randolph, Washington, 

D. C. 
Ballou, Hosea Starr, Brookline, Mass. 
Banister, Rev T. Lewis, Hartford, N. V. 
Barton, R. T., Winchester, Va. 
Baskervill, H. E. C, Richmond, Va. 
Battle, K. P., Chapel, Hill, N. C 
Baxter, W. H., Petersburg. Va. 
Bayard, Hon. T. F., Wilmington, Del 
Bayne, Howard R., New York, N. Y. 
Bea-sley, J. B., Richmond, Va. 
Beckwith, Thomas S.. Petersburg, Va. 
Beer, George L., New York, N. Y. 
Benet, Mrs. Gen L.V., Washington, D. C 
Benney, James, Pittsburg, \'a. 
Benson, Arthur P., Salem, Va. 
Bien, Joseph, H., New York, !..'. Y. 
Bird, Prof. H. S., Williamsburg, Va. 
Blackford, Prof. L. .M., Alexandria, \'a. 
Blackford, Charles M , Lynchburg, Va. 
Blair, Lewis H., Richmond, Va. 



Blanton, L. M., Richmond, Va. 
Bliss, William Root, New York, N. Y 
Bocock, Prui. Willis H., Athens, Ga. 
Boisseau, P. H., Danville, Va. 
Booth, E. G., M. D., Carter's Grove, Va. 
Bosher, Charles G., Richmond, \'a. 
Bosher, .Major Robert S., Richmond, Va. 
Boston (Mass.) Public Library, Boston, 

Mass. 
Boulware, Aubin L., Richmond, Va 
Bourguin, F., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Bowler, Mrs. George W.. Bar Harbor, Me. 
Boykin, Coljnel F". M., Richmond, Va. 
Brackett, Jeffrey R., Baltim.ore, Md. 
Bradford, Mrs. A. E. T., N-rfolk, Va. 
Bradlee, Rev. C. D., D. D., Boston, Mass. 
Branch, Major John P., Richmond, Va. 
Brandt, Jackson, Richmond, Va. 
Bridges, W. M., Richmond, Va. 
Broadhead, Prof. G. C, Columbia, Mo. 
Broadhead, Hon. J. O., St. Louis, Mo. 
Brodhead, Lucas, Spring Station. Ky. 
Brooke, Robert T., Richmond, Va. 
Brooke, James V., Warrenton, Va. 
Brooklyn Public Librarj-, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Brooks, Walter Frederick, Wor':ester, 

Mass. 
Broun, Major T. L., Charleston, W. Va . 
Brown, J. Thompson, Brierfield, Va. 
Brown University Librar\-, Providence, R. L 
Brown, Prof. W. G., Lexington, \'a. 
Bruce, Hon. Charles M., Phisnix, Arizona. 
Bruce, Horalio W., Louisville, Ky. 
Bruce, Prof. James D., Bryn Mawr, Pa. 
Bruce, Philip A., Richmond, Va 
Bruce, T. Seddon, Richmond, Va. 
Bruce, William Cabell, Bakiniore, Md. 
Bryan, Mrs. Joseph, Richmond, Va. 
Bryan, J. Stewart, Richmond, Va. 
Bryant, Lewis E., Harriman, Tenn. 
Buchanan, Hon. John A., Abingdon, Va. 
Buckner, Mrs. S. B.. Rio, Ky. 
Bulfington, Colonel A. R.. U. S. A., Rock 

Island. 111. 
Buford, Colonel A. S., Kichmond, \'a. 
Buford, Judge E. P., LawrencevUle, Va. 



•This list also includes subscribers to the Magazine. 



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LIST OF MEMBERS. 



Bullitt, \V. C . Philadelphia, Pa. 
Burke, X. P. T., Alexandria. Va. 
Burnett, H. C, Richmond, Va, 
Burwell, P. L , Mount Savage. Md. 
Burwell, Eilbeck Mason, Brooklyn, N. v. 

Cabell, Rev P. B., Wilmington, Del. 
Cabell, \V. D., Washington, D. C. 
Caine, Paul, Louisville, Ky. 
Callahan, G. C , Philadelphia, Pa. 
Cameron, Alexander, Richmond, Va. 
Carlisle, Calderon, Washington, D. C. 
Came, Rev. R. L., Richmond, Va. 
Carrington, Miss Ada B., Richmond, Va. 
Carrington, Major P. R., Richmond, Va. 
Carter, Prof. F., Williamstown, .Mass. 
Carter, Col. Thos. H., Washington, D. C 
Carothers, Thomas P., Newport, Ky. 
Cary, Colonel J, B., Richmond, Va. 
Cary, W. M., Baltimore, Md. 
Casey, Prof Jos. J., Xe'w York. N. V. 
Caskie, James. Richmond. Va. 
Catlin, E. A , Richmond, Va. 
Central Library, Syracuse, X. V. 
Chamblin, John. Richmond, Va. 
Chaney, Rev. G. L , Richmond, Va. 
Chanler, Mrs. Amelie Rives, AlbemarIe,Va. 
Channing, Prof. Edward, Cambridge, Mass. 
Chappell, Philip E.. Kansas City, Mo. 
Chicago Historical Society, Chicago, III. 
Chicago Public Library, Chicago, 111. 
Childrey, John K. (Dec.i, Richmond, Va. 
Childers, Gracey, Clarksville, Tenn. 
Chase, W. T. (Dec), Chase's Wharf, Va. 
Christian, A. H., Richmond, Va. 
Christian, E. D., Richmond, Va. 
Christian, Frank W.. Richmond, Va. 
Christian, Judge Geo. L , Richmond, Va. 
Cincinnati Public Library, Cincinnati O. 
Claiborne, Herbert A , Richmond, Va. 
Claiborne, John Herbert, M. D., Peters- 
burg, \'a. 
Clark, Clarence H., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Clark, M A., Clarksville, Tenn. 
Clarke, Arthur B., Richmond, Va. 
Clarke, P. X., Louisville, Va. 
Clyde, W. P., Xew Yoric, X. Y. 
Cocke, Preston, Richmond, Va. 
Cocke, Prof. Chas. H.. Columbus, Miss. 
Coit, Rev. H. A., D. D., Concord, X. H. 
Coke, Captain John A., Richmond, Va. 
Cole, H. W., M. D., Danville, Va. 
Coleman, Chas. W., Williamsburg, Va. 
Collins, Holdridge O., Los Angeles, Cal. 
Columbus Public School Library, Colum- 
bus, Ohio. 



Conrad, Major Holmes. Winchester, Va. 

Constant, S. V., Xew York, X. Y. 

Cornell University Library, Ithica, N. Y. 

Corning, John Herbert, Washington, D. C. 

Cottrell, James C. iDec). Richmond, Va. 

Cottrell, O. L., Richmond, Va. 

Cox, Edwin P., Richmond, Va 

Craik, Rev. C. E., Louisville, Ky. 

Cranz, Oscar, Richmond. Va. 

Crenshaw, Jr., L. D., Richmond, Va. 
Crenshaw, S. Dabney, Richmond, Va. 
Crocker, Major J. F.. Portsmouth, Va.. 

Cropper, John, Washington, D. C. 
Crump, Beverly T., Richmond, Va. 
Crump, Ed'.vard T.. Richmond, Va. 
Crump, Hon. W. W., Richmond. Va. 
Culiingworth, J. X., Richmond, Va. 
Cuilingworth, W. H., Richmond, Va. 
Cunningham. F. W., Richmond, Va. 
Curry, Hon. J L. M., Washington, D. C. 
Cussons, Captain John. Glen .-Mien, Va. 
Curtis, Mrs. H. W., Knoxville, Tenn. 
Cutshaw, Colonel W. E., Richmond, Va. 

Dabney, Prof. C. W., Jr., Knoxville, Tenn. 
Dabney, Prof. R. H., University of Va. 

Dabney, Prof W. C-, .M. D., (Dec ), Uni- 
versity of Va. 

Daniel, J R V., Richmond, Va. 

Dartmouth College Library, Hanover X 
H. 

Davenport, Charles, Richmond, Va. 

Davenport, G. A., Richmond, Va. 

Davie, Pascal, Petersburg, Va. 

Davies, W. G., Xew York, X. Y 

Davis, Hon. J. C. B., Washington, D. C. 

Dawes, Colonel E. C-, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Day, Colonel C F., Smithfield, Va. 

Denham, Edward, Xew Bedford, Mass. 
Denman, H. B.. Washington, D. C 

Dennis, Judge J. Upshur, Baltimore, Md. 
Denny, Prof. Geo H., Charlottesville, Va. 
Detroit Public Library, Detroit, .Mich. 
Dexter, Hon. Julius, Cincinnati, O. 
Dickerson, J. E., .Asheville, N. C. 
Dickerson, J. H., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Dickinson, Colonel A. G., .Vew York, N. Y. 
Diggs, J. Singleton, Lynchburg, Va. 
Dixon, .Mrs. Constance .M., .Alameda, Cal. 
Dimmock, Captain M. J., Richmond, Va. 
Doswell, Major J. T., Fredericksburg, Va. 
Downey, M. (Dec.i, Richmond, Va. 
Doyle, John T., .Menlo Park, Cal. 
Drewry, Clay, Richmond, Va. 
Dudley, Rt. Rev. Thomas U., D. D., 
Louisville, Ky. 



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VIRGINIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



Duke, Hon. R. T. VV., Charlottesville, Fra./Aer, Harry, Richmond, Va. 

Va. 
Duke, Judge R. T.W., Jr., Charlottesville, 

Va. 
Dunbar, J. B., Bloomfield, X.J. 
Dunn, John, M. D., Richmond, Va. 
Dupont, H. A., Wilmington, Del. 
Durrett, Colonel R. T., Louisville, Ky. 

Eaton, George G., Washington, D. C. 

Edmunds, H. L., St. Louis, Mo. 

Edsall, Thomas H., Colorado Springs, 

Col. 
Eggleston, Tucker C. Richmond, Va. 
Ellett, John S , Richmond, Va. 
Ellett, Hon. Tazewell, Richmond, Va. 
EUinger, W^m., Crisfield, Md. 
Ellyson, Hon. J. Taylor, Richmond, Va. 
Endicott, Hon. William C, Salem, Mass. 
English, Hon. Wm. H., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Ewell, Judge John C, Millenbeck, Va. 

Farragut, Loyall, New York, N. Y. 
Farrar,J. B., Richmond, Va. 
Fergusson, J. W., Richmond, Va. 
Fishburne, John W., Charlottesville, Va. 
Fiske, Prof. John, Cambridge, Mass. 
Fitts, J. H., Tuscaloo-a, Alabama. 
Fitzgerald, W. H., Richmond, Va. 
Fitzhugh, Mrs. Wm. D.,Mt. Morris, New 

York. 
Fleet, Prof. A. A., Mexico, Missouri. 
Fleming, Colonel R J., Washington, D. C. 
Flournoy, Hon. H. W., Richmond, Va. 
Flournoy, Josiah, Ocala, Fla. 
Flournoy, Lafayette M., Spokane, Wash. 
Flournoy, Mathew Wells, Albuquerque, 

New Mexico. 
Flournoy, M. W., Norborne, Missouri. 
Flournoy, Robert, Columbus, Ga. 
Flournoy, Major R. C. A , Sioux City, 

Iowa. 
Flournoy, R. T., St. Paul, Minn. 
Flournoy, Richard W., Richmond, Va. 
Flournoy, R. W., Fort Worth, Texas. 
Flournoy, Rosalie C, Linneus, Missouri. 
Flournoy, William, Victoria, La. 
Flournoy, William H., Lake City, Fla. 
Flournoy, William S., Kansas City, Mo. 
Folk, Wm. L., Smithfield, Va. 
Folsom, A. A., Brookline, Mass. 
Force, General .M . F., Sandusky, Ohio. 
Ford, Worthington C, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Fo.Test, Rev. D. F., D. D., Clarksburg, 

W. Va. 
Fox, VV. F., Richmond, Va. 



Freeman, John C, Richmond, Va. 
French, Mrs James A., San .\ntonio, Tex. 
French, Judge S. Bas?ett, Manchester, Va. 
Frierson, G. F., Columbia, Tenn. 
Frisbie, Rev. Wm. B.. Boston, .Mass. . 
Fulkerson, S. V., Bristol, \'a. 
Fulton, J. H., Wythevilie, Va. 

Gaines, C. Carrington, Poughkeepsie 

N. Y. 
Gaines, Colonel Grenville, Wanenton, 

Va. 
Gaines, R. H., Richmond, Va. 
Gaines, W. P., Austin, Texas. 
Gardner, Rev. W. F., Dorsey, Md. 
Garland, J. .A, New York, N. Y. 
Garland, Spotswood, Wilmington, Del. 
Garnett, Prof J. M., University of Virginia. 
Garrett, Robert, Baltimore, Md. 
Garrett, Prof Van F., M. D., Williamsburg, 

Va. 
General Theological Seminarv, New York, 

N. Y. 
George, Major J. P., Richmond, \'a. 
Oilman, Prof. D. C, Baltimore. Md. 
Ginter, Major Lewis, Richmond, Va. 
Glennan, Colonel M , Norfolk, Va. 
Goodale, VV. H., Baton Rouge, La. 
Goode, Prof G. Brown, Washington, D.C 
Goode, Hon. John, Washington, D. C. 
Goddin, Charles W., Richmond, Va. 
Godwin, .Miss M. H., Fincastle, Va. 
Goodwin, Mrs. M. W., New York, N. Y. 
Gordon, Hon. Basil B., Rappahannock, Va. 
Gordon, Mrs. J. J., Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Gordon, .M. K., Concord, N. H. 
Gray, W. F., Richmond, Va. 
Green, Andrew H., New \'ork, N. Y. 
Green, Mrs. Anne S., Culpeper, Va. 
Green, B. W., M. D., Richmond, Va. 
Green, W. H., Washington, D. C. 
Griffith, W. R.. Baltimore, Md. 
Grinnan, Daniel, Richmond, Va. 
Gunter, Hon. B. T., Accomac C. H., Va. 
Guillardeu, W. L.. New York, N. Y. 
Guy, Jackson. Richmond, Va. 

Hall, Prof. J. Leslie, Williamsburg, Va. 
Hall, P. P. G.. Philadelphia, Pa. 
Hampton N. & A. Institute, Hampton, Va 
Handley, Judge John, Scranton, Pa. 
Harris, Hon. John T., Harrisonburg, Va. 
Harrison, Hon. Benj., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Harrison, Col. Burton N., New York, N. Y. 
Harrison, Geo. T , M. D., New York, N. Y. 






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LIST OF MEMBERS. 



Harrison, James P., Danville, \'a. 
Harrison, Randolph, Lynchburg, \a. 
Harrison, Robert L., New York, N. V. 
Harvard University, Canibrid-j;e, Mass 
Haskins, Colonel Meade, Richmond, Va. 
Havemeyer, W. F., New York, N. Y. 
Hawes, Horace, Richmond, Va. 
Hawes, S. H., Richmond, Va. 
Hawley, Hon. E. S., Buffalo, X. Y. 
Heaton, A. G., Washington, D. C. 
Heffelfinger, Jacob, Hampton, Va. 
Henneman, Prof. J. B., Hampden-Sidney, 

Va. 
Henry, John F., Louisville, Ky. 
Henry, R. R., Tazewell, Va. 
Henry, Hon. \V. \V., Richmond, Va 
Herbert, Colonel A., Alexandria, Va. 
Hey], Coi. E. -\L, U. S. A., Chicago, 111. 
Higham, \V. R., Richmond, Va. 
Hill, \V. M , Richmond. Va. 
Hoar, Hon. George F., Worcester, Mass. 
Hobson, Henry W., Denver, Col. 
Hoge, M. D., M. D , Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Hooe, Captain James C , Ale.-candria, Va. 
Hooe, P. B., Washington, D. C. 
Hopkins, J. W. Richmond, \'a. 
Howard, Maj. .McH., Baltimore, Md. 
Hudson, John E., Boston, Mass. 
Hughart, W. O., Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Hughes, Charles J., Jr., Denver, Col. 
Hughes, Hon. R. W., Norfolk, \'a. 
Hume, Frank, Alexandria, Va. 
Hunnewell, J. F., Charleston, Mass. 
Hunt, Gaillard, Washington, D. C. 
Hunter, Major John, Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Hutzler, H. S., Richmond, Va. 

Illinois State Library, Springfield, 111. 
Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, Ind. 
Ingle, Edward, Washington, D. C. 
Ingram, Judge John H., Richmond, Va. 

Jackson, John, Richmond, Va. 
Jadwin, Hon. C. C-, Honesdale, Pa. 
James, Edward W., Richmond, Va. 
Jenkins, John B., Norfolk, Va 
Jenkins, Luther H., Richmond, Va. 
Jenks, Rev. Henry F., Canton, Mass. 
Johnson, Hon. Tom L., Washington, D. C. 
Johnson, Capt Wm. R., Crescent, W. Va. 
Jones, Col. Henry C. Richmond, Va. 
Jones, Henley T., Williamsburg, Va. 
Jones, Miss Mary Morris, Richmond, Va 
Jones, Meriwether, Richmond, Va. 
Jones, William Henry, Richmond, Va. 
Jordan, Scott, Chicago, 111. 



Joynes, Levin, Richmond, Va. 

JCean, Colonel R. G. H , Lynchburg, \'a. 
Keane, Rt. Rev. J. J., D. D , Washington, 

D. C. 
Keeling, Judge J. M , Princess Anne, C. 

H., Va. 
Kent, Prof. C. W., University of \'a. 
Kilby, Judge Wilbur J., Suffolk, Va. 
Kinsolving, Rev. A. B., Brooklyn, N. V. 
Kirkman, Lieut. George W., U. S. A., Be- 

nicia, Cal. 
Knabe, William, Baltimore, Md 

Lamb, Judge J. C, Richmond, Va. 
Lamb, Col. William, Norfolk, Va. 
Lancaster, R. A., Richmond, Va. 
Lassiter, Major F. R.. Petersburg, \'a. 
Lawton. W. P., Richmond, Va. 
Leach, J. Granville, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Leake, Judge Wm. Josiah, Richmond, Va. 
Lee, Cazeiiove G., Washington, D. C 
Lee, Captain R. E., Lexington, Va. 
Leigh, Egbert G., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Leno.x Library, New York, N. Y. 
Letcher, S. Houston, Lexington, Va. 
Lewis, Mrs. Cassandra F., Frankfort, Ky. 
Lewis, John H., Lynchburg, Va. 
Lewis, Thomas, Roanoke, Va. 
Levy, Jefferson M., Charlottesville, Va. . 
Library Company, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Lindsay, Rev. John 3 , D. D., Boston, 

Mass. 
Lipscomb, Andrew A., Washington, D. C. 
Lodge, Hon. H. C, Nahant, .Mass. .^ 

Long, Hon. A. R., Lynchburg, Va. 
Loyall, Captain, B. P., Norfolk, Va. 
Lurty, Major W. S., Harrisonburg, Va. 
Lyons, James, Richmond, Va. 

■s. I 

Maddox, Mrs Knox G., San Jose, Cal. 
Maine State Libran-, .\ugusta. Me. 
Mallory, Lt. J. S., U. S. A., Fort 

Antonio, Tex. 
Mackoy. William H., Covington, Ky. 
Mann, Judge W. H., Nottoway, C H, Va. 
Marshall, Colonel Charles, Baltimore, Md. 
Martin, Hon. Thomas S., Scottsville, Va. 
Marye, Hon. J. L., Fredericksburg, Va. 
Mason, Edward G., Chicago, III. 
Mason, of R. , John T , Baltimore, Md. 
Massachusetts State Library, Boston, Mass. 
Massie, Eugene C., Richmond, Va. 
Maury, Colonel R. L., Richmond, Va. 
.Maxwell, John W. C., San Francisco, Cal. 
.Mayo. E. C, Richmond, Va. 






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VIRGINIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



Xx: 



Mayo, G. \V., Richmond, Va. 
Mayo, P. H., Richmond, Va- 
Mercantile Library Association, New York 
NY. 

Mercer, Carroll, Washington, D. C. 

Mercer, \Y. R., Doyiestown, Pa. 

Meredith, Charles. V., Richmond, Va. 

Meredith, W. R., 

Merrill, Prof. George F., 

Metropolitan Club. Washington, DC. 

Miller, Thomas W., Roanoke, \'a. 

Minneapolis .Athenxum, Minneapolis, Min. 

Minor, Prof. J. B , I'niversity of Va. 

Mitchell, Kirkwood, Richmond, Va. 

Moncure, James D. M. D., Williams- 
burg, Va. 

Moncure, W. A., Richmond, \'a. 

Montague, Hon. .\. J., Danville. Va. 

Moon, Ellis .M., Richmond. Va. 

Moore, Josiah S., 

Moore, Mrs. St. John, .Augusta. Ga. 

Moore, Thomas J., M. D , Richmond. Va. 

Moore, Warner, Richmond, \"a. 
Morgan, Rev. Yelverton Peyton, St. Paul, 
Minn. 

Morse, Prof. A. D., Amherst, Mass. 

Morton, F. W., Pulaski County, Va. 
Morton, Waller, Richmond, Va. 
Munford, B B . 
Munford, R. B., 

Munford. Gen. T. T., Uniontown. .A.ia. 
Mushbach, Geo. A., Alexandria, Va. 
Myers, M^jor E. T. D., Richmond, Va. 
Myers, Lilburn T., " 

Mc.\dams, George B. , " 

McAllister, J T. , Warm Springs, Va. 
McCabe, Prof. W G., Petersburg, Va. 
McCaw,J. B.,M. D., Richmond. Va. 
McClelland, Miss .M. G.. Norwood, Va. 
McClintock, A. H., Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
McGuire, Edward, M. D., Richmond, Va. 
McGuire, Frank H., 
McGuire, Hunter, M. D., 
McGuire, J. P., 
McGuire, J. P., Jr., 
Mcllwaine, W. B., Petersburg. Va. 
M'Laughiin, Judge Win., Lexington, \'a. 
McNary, HughF., M D , Princeton, Ky. 

Nance, W. V., May Bun,-, W. Va. 
Nash, F S., -M. D., Washington, DC. 
Nash, H. .M., .M. D., Norfolk, Va. 
Nav:.Department Libra'y, Washington, D.C . 
Newton, Mrs. B T , Norfolk, Va. 
Newton, Virginius. Richmond, Va. 
Nicholson, John .A.., Dover, Del. 



Nolting, W. Otto, Richmond, Va. 

Norris, S. Henr\-, Philadelphia, Pa. 

North Carolina State Libran-, Raleigh, N. C. 

O'Fallon, Mrs. A. H, St. Louis, Mo. 
Ohio State Librarv, Columbus, Ohio. 
Old, Major W. W., Norfolk, Va. 
Olcott, J H., Washington. D. C. 
Ordway, General Albert, Washington, D. C. 
Otis, Philo. A., Chicago, 111. 
Ott, John, Roanoke, Va. 
• Owen, Thomas N., Washington, D. C. 

Pace, James B., Richmond. Va. 

Page, Major Mann. Brandon, \a. 

Page, R C. M.,M. D., New York, N Y. 

Page, Rosewell, Richmond, \'a. 

Page, Thomas Nelson. Washington. D. C. 

Palmer, Col. Wm. H., Richmond, Va. 

Palmer, W. P., M. D., 

Parks, Marshall, Norfolk, Va. 

Parliament Library. Ottawa, Canada. ; 

Parrish, R. L., Covington, Va. 

Patteson.S. S. P., Richmond, Va. 

Patterson, A. W.. 

Patton, .Mercer W., New Orleans, La. 

Paxton, Lieut Robt. G., U. S. A., Fort 
Custer, Montana. 

Payne, Judge Barton, Chicago, 111. 

Payne, General Wm. H., Warrenton, Va. 
Pegram, John Combe, Providence, R. I. 
Pell, F. A , New York. N. V. 
Penn, Colonel John E., Roanoke, \'a. 
Pennington, William C , Baltimore, Md. 
Pennsylvania State Librarv, Harrisburg, 

Pa. 
Peoria Public Librarv-, Peoria, 111. 
Peterkin, Mrs. Geo. VY.. Brook Hill, Va. 
Peyton, Major Green, University of \'a. 
Pickett, Thomas E., M. D., .Maysville, Ky. 
Pickrell, John, Richmond, \'a . 
Pleasants, James, 
Pollard, H. R., 
Pope, John, " 

Portland (O.) Librarv- Association, Port- 
land, Oregon. .. ^....-.^ 
Potts. Allen, Richmond. Va. 
Powell. John H., " 
Pratt Free Library. Baltimore, Md. 
Prentis, Judge R. R., Suffolk, Va. 
Preston, W. C, Richmond. Va. 
Pridemore, General A. L., Jonesville, Va. 
Pryor, General Roger A., New York, N Y. 
Pryor, Mrs. Roger A , New York, N. Y- 

Quarles, Mann S., Richmond, Va. 



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LIST OF MEMBERS. 



Quick, James M., Petersburg, Vs. 
Quisenberry, A. C, Washington, D. C 

Ramos, Manly B., Richmond, \'a. 
Randolph, Rt. Rev. A. M.,D. D.Nor 

folk, Va. 
Randolph-Macon College, Ashland, Va 
Randolph, Major X V., Richm-ond, Va. 
Raymond, C. H., New York, X. V. 
Reinhart. J. W., Netherwood, X. J. 
Rennolds, Robert G., Richmond, Va. 
Reynolds, Sheldon, Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Rhodes, James F., Carabridse, Mass. 
Richardson, Rev. \V. T., D. D., Rich 

mond, \'a. 
Riely, Major John VV., Houston, Va. 
Rivers, Flournoy, Pulaski, Tenn. 
Rivers, Miss Myra, Fort Riley, Kansas. 
Rivers, Lieutenant Tyree Rodes, U. S. A. 

Fort Riley, Kansas. 
Rivers, Lieutenant William Cannon, U. S. 

A., Fort Apache, Arizona. 
RoBards, John Lewis, Hannibal. Mo. 
Roberts, Rev. P G., St. Louis, Mo. 
Robertson, A. F.. Staunton, Va. 
Robertson, Capt. Harrison, Greenwood, Va. 
Robins, William B., Richmond, Va. 
Robinson, Capt. Leigh, Washington, D. C 
Robinson, Mrs. Russell, Xorwood, Va. 
Robinson, Rev. T V., Xew York, X. Y. 
Rogers, Archibald, Hyde Park, X. Y. 
Roller. Gen. John £., Harrisonburg, Va. 
Roosevelt, Hon. Theodore. New York, X. V 
Ropes, John C , Boston, .Mass 
Rose, A. P., Geneva, X. Y 
Rose. Edmund X., Branchport. X. Y. 
Rosemary Library, Richmond, Va. 
Rutherfurd, Frank, 
Ryan, William, 

Salisbur>-, Edward E., Xew Haven, Conn. 
Salisbury, Stephen, Worcester, .Mass. 
Sands, Hon. Conway R., Richmond, Va. 
Sands, W- H., Richmond. Va. 
Schoen, George, Richmond, Va 
Schouler, Professor James, Boston, .Mass. 
Scott, Hon. R. Taylor, Warren ton, Va. 
Scott, W. W., Gordonsville, Va. 
Seldner, A. B , Xorfolk, Va. 
Semmes, Hon. Thos. J., Xew Orleans, La. 
Sheffey, Judge, John P , Marion, Va. 
Sheild, P B, Richmond, Va. 
Sheild, W. H., M. D. (Dec), Williams- 
burg, Va. 
Sheppard, Miss Annie E., Richmond, Va. 
Sheppard, W. L., Richmond, Va. 



Sinton, R. B., Richmond, Va. 

Sitterding, Fred.. Richmond, Va. 

ShirrelTs, Reuben, Richmonii, Va. 

Slaughter, ^^, .\tlanta, Ga. 
• Smith, Charles E , Richmond. \a 

Smith, Mrs. G. Herbert, Wilmington, X. C. 

Smith, George P., Philadelphia. Pa 

Smith, Willis B., Richmond, Va 

Smith, Mrs. J. Morgan, Birmingham, Ala 

Smith, Miss .Margaret V., Alexandria. Va 

Smith, Lieutenant R. C, U. S. X., Xew- 
port, R. L 

Smitn, Judge Thomas, Warrenton, \'a.- 

Sorrel, Francis, .M. D , Roanoke, Va. 

Southall, S. v., Charlottesville. Va. 

Spencer, Mrs. Samuei, Columbus, Ga. 

Spotswood, W. F., Petersburg, Va. 

Springtield City Librar\- .Association, 

Springfield, Mass. 
Stanard,W. G. , Richmond, Va. 
Staples, Judge Waller R., Richmond, Va.. 
State Department Library, Washington, 

D C. 
Stearns, Mrs. Franklin, Richmond, Va 
Stephenson, John W., Warm Springs, Va. 
Stern, Colonei Jo Lane, Richmond, Va. 
Stewart, Rev. J. C.. Richmond, Va. 
Stewart, Miss Annie C, Brook Hill, Va. 
Stewart, Miss E. Hope, " 

Stewart, Miss Norma, " 

Stewart, Miss Lucy W., " 

Stevens, Byam K., Xew York, X. Y. 
St. Louis Mercantile Library-, St. Louis, 

Mo. 
Stokes, William G., Richmond, Va. 
Street, George L., 

Stringer, Thomas C, Baltimore, Md. 
Stringfellow, .Maj. Chas. S.. Richmond, Va. 
Stryker, General W. S., Trenton. X. J. 
Stuart, Henry C. Saltville, Va. 
Stubbs, Professor T J., Williamsburg. Va. 
Stubbs, VY. C, Xew Orleans, La. 
Sturdevant, Col. R., Cape Girardeau, Mo. 
Sully, Major R. M., Richmond, Va. 
Sumner, John O. , Cambridge, .Mass. 
Summers, Col. John E., U. S. A., Omaha, 

Xebraska 
Swineford, H., Richmond, Va. 

Talbott, .Vllan, Richmond, Va. 
Talbott, \Y. H., 

Tarns, William P., Staunton, Va. 
Tanner, C. W., Richmond, Va 
Taylor, E. B., 

Taylor, Commander H. C, U. S N., 
Newport. R. L 









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VIRGINIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



Taylor, Hugh M., M. D., Riclimond, Va. 
Taylor, W. E , Norfolk, Va. 
Tennant, VV. B., Richmond, \'a. 
Terhune, Mrs. E. T., BrookUn, X. Y. 
Thacker, H. C., Boston, Mass. 
Thomas, Doug'as H , Baltimore, Md. 
Thomas, Major R. S., Smithlield, Va. 
Thomkins, H. C, Montgomery, Ala. 
Thompson, Leonard, Wobum, .Mass. 
Thorburn, Henry C, Baltimore, Md. 
Thruston,R. C Ballard, Louisville, Ky. 
Tilford, R J. , Louisville, Ky. 
Todd, Charles H.,M. D. , Owensboro, Ky. 
Todd. Charles L., Richmond, Va. 
Todd, George D.. Louisville, Ky. 
Travers, S. W., Richmond, Va 
Traylor, John Henry, Dallas, Te.xas. 
Trent, Prof. \V P., Sewanee, Tenn. 
Trigg, Daniel, Abingdon, \'a 
Trigg, V»'. R., Richmond, Va 
Trinity College. Hartford, Conn. 
Tucker, Rev. B. D., Norfolk, Va. 
Tucker, J. D., South Boston, Va. 
Tucker, Hon. JR., Le.xington, Va. 
Tucker.J Ran., Jr. , Richmond, Va. 
Tulane Universitv, New Orleans, La 
Tunstall, Alex., M. D., Norfolk, Va. 
Turabull, Judge N. S., Lawrenceville, Va. 
Turner, Hon. S. S., Front Royal, Va. 
Tumur, Lawrence, New York, N. Y. 
Tyler, Hon. D. Gardiner, Sturgeon Point, 

Va. 
Tyler, Prof. Lyon G.. Williamsburg, Va. 

Union Theological Seminary, Hampden- 

Sydney, Va. 
Union Theological Seminar.-, New York, 

N. Y. 
University of Michigan, Ann .Arbor, Mich. 
University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va. 
Upshur, Rear .\drairal John H , U S. N., 

Washington, D. C 
Upshur, T. T., Eastville, Va. 

Valentine, E. P , Richmond, Va. 

V^alentine, E. V., 

Valentine, G. G., 

Valentine, M. S., Jr., " 

Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn 

Van Deventer, Mrs. Letitia F , Kno.xville, 
Tenn. 

Van Voast, Mrs. Virginia H. .M., Cincin- 
nati, O- 

Vawter, Capt. C. E., Crozet, Va. 

Venable, Hon. E. C, Petersburg, Va. 

Venable, Samuel W., Petersburg, Va. 



Venable, Prof. Charles S., Charlottesville, 

Va. 
Vermillion, John, Norfolk, Va. 
N'irginia Military Institute, Lexington. 

Waddell. J. A., Staunton, Va- 

Waggener, B. P. .\tchison, Kan. 

Walke, Frank A., M. D., Norfolk, Va. 

Walke, Richard, Norfolk, Va. 

Walker, Gustavus A., Richmond, Va. 

Walker, Gen. James A., Wytheville, Va. 

Walker, J. G., Richmond, Va. 

Walker, W. James, Richmond, Va. 

Ward, Col. John H., Louisville. Ky. 

Warner, Charles Dudley, Hartford, Conn. 

Washington, Miss Eliza S., Charlestown, 
W. Va. 

Washington, Wm. de H., New York, 
N. Y. 

Watkins, A. Salle, Richmond, Va. 

Waterman, W. H., New Bedford, Mass. 

Watts, J. Allen, Roanoke, Va. 

Watts, Judge, Legh R., Portsmouth, Va. 

Welllord, Judge B. R., Richmond, Va. 

Wellford, C E., Richmond, Va 

Wellford, John S., M D., Richmond, Va. 

Welch, Charles A., Cohassett, Mass 

West, George M., Richmond, Va. 

West, John R, 

West. Montgomery, " 

Wharton, Prof. S. B., D. D., Williams- 
burg, Va. 

Wheeler, Rev. H. L., Burlington. Vt. 

White, Joseph A., .M. D., Richmond, Va. 

White, Rev. W. C, Warm Springs, " 

White. W. H., Norfolk, 

Whiting, Henry Clay, Hampton, " 

Whittet, Robert, Richmond, Va. 

Whitty, J. H., 

Whittle, Rt. Rev. F. M., D. D , Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Whittle, Judge Stafford G., Martinsville, 
Va. 

Wickham, Col. W. p., Richmond, Va. 

Wight, Prof. Charles C, Baltimore, .Md. 

Williams, Adolphus, Richmond, Va. 

Williams, E. Victor, 

WilUama, Frank D., 

Williams, Chas. U , " 

Williams, John G-, Orange, Va. 

Williams, John Skelton. Richmond, Va. 

Williams W. Mosby, Washington, D. C. 

Willis, F. T., M. D., Richmond, Va., 

Wily, Arthurs., 

Wilson, Hon. Wm. L., Washington, 
D C. 



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LIST OF MEMBERS. 



Wingfield, Rt. Rev. J. H. D 

Cal. 
Winn, John D.St. Louis, Mo. 
W'insor, Justin, Cambridge, Mass. 
Wise, Barton H., Richmond, \'a. 
Wise, Hon. Geo. D., " 
Wise, Prof Henn- A., Baltimore, Md. 
Wise, John C., M. D., U. S. X.,Wash 

ington, D. C 
Withers, Alfred D., Roane's. Va. 
Witt, Judges. B., Richmond, Va. 



enicia, Woburn Public Library, Woburn, Mass. 

Wood, Jud. B., M. D., Richmond, Va. 

Woods, Micajah, Charlottesville, Va. 

Worcester Free Public Library, Worces- 
ter, Mass. 

Wortham, Charles £., Richmond, Va. 

Wright, Gen. Marcus J., Washington, 
D. C. 

Wright, Mrs. Selden S., San Francisco, 
Cal. 



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Virginia Magazine 

■ - OF , __ .. .^• 

HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY. 

Vol. II. JANUARY, 1895. No. 3. 



[Doc. 30, 31, 34, House of Delegates, 1833-34.] -^ ..^ u' ■ 

Virginia Officers and Men in the Continental Line. 

The records of the State of Virginia relating to the services of her 
troops in the War of the Revolution, are preserved in several different 
offices in the Capitol. 

The most important are in the Land Office, where are three volumes 
of land bounty warrants (indexed) to the officers and privates of the 
Continental and State Lines and State Navy, beginning in 17S3. Many 
of these warrants were issued to the heirs of persons serving in the 
Revolution, and in such cases it was necessary to file vouchers proving 
such services, and also what was called "proof of heirship," showing 
how the heirs were related to the person under whom they claim. In 
this connection are to be found many copies of wills, certificates of 
courts and small charts, or "trees," showing the relationship. These 
vouchers are preserved in a large press in the office; but, owing to 
frequent overhauling by pension and bounty agents, in the past, are not 
in very regular order. 

There are also in the Land Office volumes showing where and when 
these bounty warrants were located. 

In the room, opening from the upper gallery of the library, which 
contains the old executive archives, are bundles of Revolutionary mili- 
tary land vouchers, for warrants issued between 17S3 and 1S46, and 
containing the evidence of service laid before the Governor and Council 
as authority for issuing the warrants. There are also in this room a 
box containing papers relating to the Society of the Cincinnatti; another 



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.YHqA^iooia OKA Y^ioraiH 









242 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. "'• '^'' 

containing pay rolls, &c., of General Geo. Rogers Clarke's command 
during the Northwestern Campaign; three books containing lists of 
soldiers and seamen of \'irginia during the Revolution; a volume of .Mil- 
itary Accounts, 1762-S3; three volumes Revolutionary Army Accounts; 
volume of Revolutionary Paymasters Accounts; roster of officers of 
Continental Line; roster of officers of State Line; two volumes con- 
cerning the Revolutionary Army; list of Revolutionary Pensioners; 
list of Revolutionary Bounties; volume of Revolutionary Claims; re- 
port on Claims for Military Bounty Lands; return of Stores, 1779-S0; 
account of Provisions, 17S0, &c. ; list of Certificates for Revolutionary 
Bounties, i7S2-'3; Militia Returns, 1777-S4 (this is only settlements of 
accounts by a portion of the militia officers of the State; but such as 
it is, is the only militia list e.xtant); a number of volumes in regard to 
Clarke's Northwestern Campaign, and also numerous trundles of let- 
ters written to and from State officers and others during the war 
(1775-83K These last have been printed in the "Calendar of Virginia 
State Papers "; but the other books and documents in the archive room 
are, at present, practically inaccessible to the public. When the move 
to the new building is made they will, doubtless, be arranged, and made 
subject to examination, under proper restrictions with regard to their 
safety. 

In the Library are manuscript journals of the Council for I'-jS-'j 
(indexed) and 1781, and i7Si-'3 without inde.xes. There are also 
various volumes relating to the State Navy and Committee of Safety. 
All of these books contain much information in regard to Revolution- 
ary officers. 

In the Librarj', too, can be found the printed journals of the Conven- 
tions of 1775 and 1776, and of the two Houses of Assembly during the 
war. These, of course, contain likewise much Revolutionary matter. 

In the printed volumes of documents of the Assembly from 1S33 to 
1S38, are included the reports of John Hill Smith, who was appointed 
a special commissioner on Revolutionary Clairis. These reports em- 
brace lists of officers and privates who had obtained their bounty before 
1833, and of those who were entitled, but had not applied for the same. 

It should be borne in mind that all of these lists of various sorts, in 
the various offices, relate to bounty claims, and that no person was 
entitled to bounty who had not served three years, so it is improbable 
that any record will be found in the Capitol where the person served 
less than three years. It should also be remembered, that with the 
exception given above, there are no militia lists preserved. 

There is in the Library a manuscript list of all persons who (down to 
about 1845) applied to the Executive for bounty warrants, with a refer- 
ence to the Council Journal, where the matter was acted on, and a 
statement when the claim was successful or rejected. 

The Library contains the well-known publications of Saffell and 



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VIRGINIA TROOPS IN CONTINENTAL LINE. 



243 



Heitman, and has also a few Revolutionary rosters, purchased, from 
time to time, of private individuals. 

A list of Officers and men from Virginia who served in the 
Continental Line. 

George Washington, Conmander -in- Chief. 
Major- Generals. 
Horatio Gates, Adam Stephens. 

Paymaster- General, Benjamin Harrison. 

Brigadier- Generals. 

Lawson, Robert, Scott, Charles, 

Morgan, Daniel, Stevens, Edward, 

Mulenburg, Peter, Weedon, George, 

Mercer, Hugh, Woodford, William. 



Colonels. 



Anderson, Richard C, 
Aylett, William, 
Baylor, George, 
Bland Theoderick, 
Buford, Abraham, 
Bowman, Abraham, 
Bullett, Thomas, 
Crawford, William, 
Campbell, R.ichard, 
Davis, William, 
Elliott, Thomas, 
Febiger, Christian, 
Fleming, Thomas, 
Finnic, William, 
Green, John, 
Gist, Nathaniel, 
Gibson, John, 
Grayson, William, 
Heth, William, 
Harrison, Charles, 



Harrison, Robert H. 
Innis, James, 
Lewis, Charles, 
Matthews, George, 
M'Clanahan, Alex'r, 
Munford, Wm. G., 
Neville, Presley, 
Nevill, John, 
Parker, Richard, 
Parker, Josiah, 
Russell, William, 
Rickman, Wm., Dr., 
Read, Isaac, 
Stephenson, Hugh, 
Wood, James, 
Hendricks, James, 
Mason, David, 
Thurston, Charles, 
Taylor, Francis. 



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244 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Ball, Burgess. 
Ballard, Robert, 
Byrd, Otway, 
Cabell, Sam'l J., 
Clarke, Jonathan, 
Cropper, John, 
Carrington, Edward, 
Darke, William, 
Eppes, Francis, 
Fleming, Charles, 
Gaskins, Thomas, 
Hopkins, Samuel, 
Hawes, Samuel, 
Jamieson, John, 
Johnson, George, 
Joynes, Levin, 
Lee, Henry, 
Mead, Richard K., 



Belfield, John, 
Bruin, Pete" B., 
Boykin, Francis, ^ 
Beall, Isaac, 
Croghan, William, 
Cunningham, William, 
Call, Richard. 
Dickerson, Edmund, 
Eggleston, Joseph, 
Finley, Samuel, 
Fleming, John, 
Fitzgerald, John, 
Fauntleroy, Moore, ^- ^ 
Faulkner, Ralph, 
Gilchrist. George, 
Grimes, William, 
Graves, John, 



Lietitenant- Colonels. 

Nelson, William, 
Porterfield, Charier- R. , 
Posey, Thomas, 
Powell, Levin, 
Richeson, Holt, 
Sims, Charles, 
Sears, John, 
Spotswood, Alexander, 
Taylor, Richard, 
— Towles, Oliver, \-a--. 

Taliaferro, William R., 
Temple, Benjamin, 
Thornton, John, 
Washington, William, 
Wallace, Gustavus B., 
..i; . . Webb, John, .r 

White, Anthony W., 
Nicholas, George, 

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Majors. 

Hill, Thomas, 
Hays, John, 
^ Holmar, Christian, or Holmer, 

Hopkins, David, 
Helphinstine, Peter, 
Johnston, James, 
Knox, James, 
Lewis William, 
Lucas, James, 
Leitch, Andrew, 
Langbourne, William, 
Merewether, Thos., 
Moseley, William, 
Massey, Thomas, 
Monroe, James, 
Mead, Everard, 
Moss, John, 






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245 



Pelhara, Charles, 
Poulson, John, 
Peyton, Henry, 
Porter, Benjamin, 
Peers, Valentine, 
Russell, Andrew, 
Ridley, Thomas, 
Rudulph, John, 
Roberts, John, 
Stephenson, David, 
Snead, John, 
Swan, John, 
Slaughter, George, 
Snead, Thomas, 
Scruggs, Gross, 
Stephenson, John, 
Leete, Daniel, 



Anderson, John, 
Ashby, Stephen, 
Armstrong, James, 
Arbuckle, Matthew, 
Apperson, Richard, 
Avery, William Holy, 
Blair, John, 
Bentley, William, 
Bowne, Thomas, 
Booker, Samuel, ,ir'jt , 
Beale, Robert, 
Butler, Lawrence, 
Biggs, Benjamin, 
Barbee, Thomas, 
Bohannon, Ambrose, Capt. 
Bedinger, Henry, 
Bell, Thomas, 
Blackwell, Joseph, 
Bradford, Samuel K., 
Blackwell, John, 



Taylor, Francis, 
Taylor, William, 
Taylor, John, 
Terrill, Henry, '.-;'"• 

Willis, John, 
Willis, John W.. 
Waggoner, Andrew, 
Woodson, Tarleton, 
West, Charles, 
Gibson, George, 
- Hopkins, Daniel (or David), 

Lyne, George, 
Donovan, Matthew, 
Mitchell, Nathaniel, 
Thurmond, William, 

Brig.-Maj., Quart. -Mast. & P. Mast. 
Captains. 

Brackenridge, Alex'r, 
Baylor, Walker, 
Bowyer, Thomas, 
Brownlee, William, Capt.-Lt. 
Beale, Robert, 
Baytop, James, 
Blackwell. Thomas, 
Berry, George, 
Baytop, Thomas, 
Bowyer, Michael, 
Burwell, Nath'l, 
Barret, William, 
Barret, Chiswell, 
Buckner, Thomas, 
Lt., Booker, Lewis, 
Briscoe, Reuben, 
Baldwin John, 
Blackwell, William, 
Brady, William, 
Carrington, Mayo, 



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246 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Cowherd, Francis, 
Carter, John C, 
Clarke, John, 
Calmes, Marquis, 
Curry, James, 
Cannon, Luke, 
Casey, Benjamin, 
Coleman, Whitehead, 
Cattlett, Thomas, 
Chilton, John, 
Cuberton, James, 
Cherry, William, 
Craig-, James, 
Craine, James, 
Carnes, Patrick, 
Coleman, Richard, 
Cocke, Colin, 
Cocke, Pleasant, 
Cooper, Leonard, ' 

Cummins, Alex'r, 
Calderwood, James, 
Cole, John, 
Claiborne, B-'Uer, 
Conway, Henry, 
Callis, William O., 
Chapman, Reuben, 
Drew, Thomas H., 
Dandridge. John, 
Dix, Thomas, Capt.- Lieut. 
Denham, Archibald, 
Dade, Francis, '-V- ^ j 

Duvall, Daniel, 
Dandridge, Alex. S. 
Davenport, William, 
Darvill, William, 
Dunn, Peter, 
Davis, Jesse, 
Dillard, James, 
Davis, James, 



Dorsey, Richard, 

Dogget, Richard, 

Eddins, Samuel, 

Eppes, William, Capt. -Lieut. 

Edwards, Leroy, 

Eustace, John, 

Finn, Thomas, Capt. -Lieut., 

Fowler, William, 

Fields, Reuben, 

Fox, Thomas, 

Fox, Nathaniel, 

Fauntleroy, Henry, 

Fitzgerald, John, 

Foster, James, 

Fauntleroy, Griffin, 

Fitzhugh, Peregrine, 

Forsyth, Robert, 

Frayser, William, 

Gray, George, 

Gaines, William F. . ; . , 

Garland, Peter, 

Gillison, John, 

Gill, Erasmus, 

Gamble, Robert, 

George, William, 

Gray, James, 

Gill, Samuel, 

Grymes, William, 

Gallahue, Charles, 

Gunn, James, 

Grimes, William, 

Grymes, Benjamin, 

Green, Berry man, 

Goodman, William, 

Gregory, William, 

Garland, Edward, 

Gist, John, 

Griffith, Philemon, 

Holmes, Benjamin, 






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VIRGINIA TROOPS IX COXTINEXTAL LINE. 



247 



Hoo;g-, Samuel, 

Hill, Baylor, 

Harrison, John P., 

Hite, Abraham, 

Hoard, Thomas, 

Holt, Thomas, 

Halcomb, John, 

Harrison, Valentine, 

Higgins, Robert, 

Heth, Henry, 

Hawkiiis, John, 

Hughes, John, 

Harrison, Benjamin, 

Harrison, Cuthbert, 

Hawkins, Moses [Hankins?], 

Hoard, James, 

Hockaday, John, 

Handy, George, 

Hobson, Nicholas, 
Hull, Edwin, 
Hooper, Richard, 
Hopper, Thomas, 
Howard, Vachel D., 
Hook, James, 
Jones Samuel, 
Jones, Sirother, 
Jones, Peter, 
Jones, Churchill, 
Jones, Cadwallader, 
Jones, Lewelling, 
Jonett, Matthew [Jouett ?], 
Johnson, William, 
Johnson, John B., 
Johnson, William, 
Jordan, John, 
Isreal, Isaac, 
Jacqueth, Peter, 
Kilpatrick, Abram, 
Kendall, Custis, 



Kilty, John, 

Kennon, Richard, 

Kirkwood, Robert, 

Lovely, William L., 

Lind, Arthur, 

Lewis, George, 

Lapsley, Samuel, 

Lewis, Addison, 

Lindsay, William, 

Long, Gabriel, 

Lawson, Claiborne, 

Lee, Philip R. F., 

Lucas, Nathaniel, 

Lam me, Nathan, 

Lewis, John, 

Lyton, Robert, 

Marks, John, 

Marshall, John, 

Mallory, Philip, 

Miller, William, Capt.-Lieut. 

Mabin, James, 
Moss, Henry, 
Morrow, Robert, 
Morton, Hezekiah, 
Minnis, Francis, 
Muir, Francis, 
Marks, Isa.ah, 
Mercer, John F., 
IVIinnis, Holman, 
Minnis, Callohill, 
Meredith, William, 
Martin, Thomas, 
Morgan, Simon, 
Mountjoy, William, 
Moore, Cleon, 
M' Adams, John, 
Maupin, Gabriel, 
Minor, Thomas, 
Mountjoy, John, 






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248 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Mr- 



Minor, Peter, 

M'Kee, William, 

Mason, David, 

Moore, Andrew, 

Moore, Thomas, 

Morris, Nathl. G. 

Moon, Archibald, 

Madison, Rowland, 

Mosby, William, 

M'Craw, William, 

M'Carmick, George, 

Mosby, Littleberry, 

M'Fadden, James, 

Mason, James, 

Nixon, Andrew, 

Nelson, John, 

Neal, Thomas, 

Nicholas, John, 

Oldham, Conway, 

Overton, Thomas, 

Overton, John, 

O'Neal, Ferdinand, 

Payne, Thomas, 

Peyton. John, 

Porterfield, Robert, 

Pendleton, James, 

Pryor, John, 

Pemberton, Thomas, 

Payne, Tarleton, 

Parker, Thomas, 

Parker, Alexander, 

Parker, Thomas, 

Powell, Robert, 

Peyton, Valentine R., 

Pendleton, Nathaniel, 

Poythress, William, Capt.-Lt., 

Pettus, John R., Capt.-Lt., 

Pierce, William, Tk. 

Patterson, Thomas, 



Page, Carter, 
Purvis, James, 
Payne, William, 
Price, James, 
Porterfield, Charles, 
Porter, Thomas, 
Parromore, Thomas, 
Pollard, Benjamin, 
Ragsdale, Drewry, 
Read, Nathan, 
Randolph, Robert, 
Rice, George, 
Rogers, Williams, 
Renner, John, 
Reddick, Jason, 
Riddick, Willis, 
Roy, Beverley, 
Ransdall, Thomas, 
Rose, Alexander, 
Ruffin, Thomas, 
Ray, Thomas, 
Royall, William, 
Rudulph, Michael, 
Seth, John, 
Shepard, Abraham, 
Swearinger, Jos., 
Spotswood, John, 
Smith, Larkin, 
Smith, Matthew, 
Smith, Joseph, 
Smith, Arthur, 
Steed, John, 
Stribling, Sigismund, 
Stubblefield, Bev'ly, 
Stith, John, 
Scott, Joseph, 
Singleton, Anthony, 
Shelton, Clough, 
Scott, Joseph, 









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VIRGINIA TROOPS IX CONTINENTAL LINE. 



249 



Sansum, Philip, 
Slaughter, Philip, 
Springer, Uriah, 
Sommers, Simon, 
Sayers, Robert, 
Spiller, Benjamin, 
Scott, David, 
Steele, David, 
Sanford, William, 
Settle, Strother G., 
Snead, Charles, 
Spencer, Joseph, 
Scott, William, 
Sutton, John, 
Stevens, Richard, 
Thompkins, Robert, 
Thornton, Presley, 
Taylor, Reuben, 
Tibbs. Thomas, 
Thomas, Lewis, 
Thweat, Thomas, 
Teagle, Severn, 
Turberville, Geo. L. 
Triplett, William, 
Triplett, Thomas, 
Thomas, John, 
Vance, Robert, 
Vause, William, 



White, Robert, 

Williams, James, 

Winston, John, 

Warman, Thomas, 

Walker, Jacob, 

Willis. Henry, 

Waters, Richard, Capt. -Lieut., 

White, Tarpley, 

White, William, 

Woodson, Hughes, 

Watts, John, 

Whiting, Henry, 

Wright, James, 

Wallace, Adam, 

Wallace, Andrew, 

White, William, 

Woodson, Robert, 

Walker, Thomas, 

Wills, Thomas, 

West, Thomas, 

Woodson, Joseph, 

Wills, Edward, 

Washington, John, 

Walker, Samuel, 

White, Elisha, 

Young, Henry, 

Yancey, Leighton, 

Yancey, Robert. 



Captains. 



Ashby, John, >rv, 
Burnley, Garland, 
Bernard, Peter, 
Barrett, Robert, 
Crockett, Joseph, 
Carney (or Kerney), James, 
Denny, Samuel, 
Grant, Peter, 
Gregory, John, 



Henderson, William, 

Hite, Mathias, 

Heth, Andrew, 

Helm, Thomas, 

Harris, James, 

Herndon, Ed., Capt. & A. C. G. 

Johnston, John, Capt. & Paym., 

Laird, David, 

Lemon, John, 






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250 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



251 



Langdon, Jonathan, 
Micheaux, Joseph, 
Meguire, John, 
Mathews, Thomas. 
Madison, Ambrose, Capt. and 

Paymast., 
Muse, Richard, 
M'llhaney, James, 
Mitchell, Joseph, 
Murray, William, Capt. Art., 
Morton, John, 
Malcom, James, 
Neal, Ferdinand, 
Oglesby, John, 



Archer, Joseph, 
Archer, Peter F., 
Allen, David, 
Allen, Edward, 
Ashley, Benjamin, 
Anderson, Nathaniel, 
Archer, Ri'-hard, 
Austice, John, 
Arnold, Samuel, 
Arthur, Barnabas, 
Armstrong, Edward, 
Brown, Jacob, 
Baskerville, Sam'I, 
Bowen, John, 
Bernard. William, 
Beck, John, 
Barbour, James, 
Burton, Hutchens, 
Burfoot, Thomas, 
Bowyer, Henry, 
Breckenridge, Robert. 
Blackmore, George, 
Baylis, William, 



Peyton, Henry, 
Quarles, Henry, 
Rice, Holman, 
Robert, Cyrus, L., 
Stephens, Richard, 
Symme, John, 
Timberlake, Benjamin, 
Thompson, William, 
Warman, Thomas, 
Westfall, Abell, 
Woodson, Samuel, 
Migginson, William, 
Nelson, Thomas, 



Lieutenants. 



Bedinger, Daniel, 
Bell, Henry, 
Brooke, Francis, 
Brooke, John, 
Brooke, Edmund, 
Ball, Daniel, 
Baynham, John, 
Berwick, James, 
Bell, John, 
Buchannon, John, 
Bradford, Charles, 
Bumberry, William, 
Browing, Isaac, 
Barnett, James, 
Boulding, Wood, 
Burton, James, 
Boiling, Robert, 
Britton, Joseph, 
Backus, George, 
Brady, Christopher, 
Bennet, Caleb P., 
Campbell, Samuel, 
Clay, Matthew, 



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VIRGINIA TROOPS IN CONTINENTAL LINE. 



251 



Coleman, Samuel, 
Craddock, Robert, 
Crute, John, 
Coleman, Jacob, 
Crawford, John, 
Clayton, Philip, 
Carney, Martin, 
Crittenden, John, 
Coverley, Thomas, 
Conway, Joseph, 
Carrington, George, 
Campbell, Arch'd, 
Claiborne, Richard, .. 
Cooper, Apollus, 
Cunell, Nicholas, ,r-r. 
Cobbs, Samuel, 
Curtis, Thomas, 
Canel, John, 
Collier, Thomas, 
Christian, William, 
Carson, James, 
Clarke, John. 
Cameron, Charles, 
Dawson, Henry, 
Dandridge, Robert, 
Dudley, Robert, 
Tarby, Nathaniel, 
Delapline, James, 
Dye, Jonathan, 
Drew, John, 
Dent, John. 
Drake, Thomas, 
Demin, Brain Tim'y, 
Drummond, James, 
Diggs, Cole, 
Ewing, Alexander, 
Evans, William, 
Eastin, Rich'd, 
Eskridge, William, 



Egleston, William, 
Erskine, Charles, 
Elliot, Robert, 
Emmerson, John, 
Foster, Robert, 
Fitzhugh, William, 
Frazer, Falvey, 
Fuley, Timothy, 
Field, Henry, 
Foster, John, 
Foster, Richard, 
Foster, Peter, 
Franklin, James, 
Giles, John, 
Green, John, 
Gray, William, 
Green, Robert, 
Gratten, John, 
Guthrey, George, 
Gray, Francis, 
Green, Gabriel, 
Gordon, Ambrose, 
Gordon, Arthur, 
Glasscock, Thomas, 
Gilliam, John, 
Gregory, John, 
Gilmore, James, 
Gallov/ay, John, 
Garnett, Benjamin, 
Green way, George, \f,. 
Gibbs, Harrod, 
Garden, Alexander, 
Homes, Thomas C, 
Huffman, Philip, 
Harrison, John, 
Hackley, John, 
Hamilton, James, 
Higgins, Peter, 
Holt, James, 



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252 



VIRGIXIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Heth, John, 
Hockaday, Philip, 
Humphries, John, 
Harris, John, 
Holland, George, 
Harris, Jordan, 
Hughes, Jasper, 
Haney, Holbnd, 
Harrison, James, 
Harrison, Lawrence, 
Harrison, Battle, 
Hite, Isaac, 
Hungerford, Thomas, 
Hudson, William, 
Higginbotham, William, 
Hoh, VViUiani. 
Higgins, James, 
Hix, David, 
Halloway, Jam.es, 
Jones, Charles, 
Jones, Abridgeton, 
Jones, Wood, 
Johnson, Peter, 
Joliff, John, 
Jonett, Robert, 
Joynes, Reuben, 
Kays, Robert, 
Kirk, Robert, 
King, Elisha, 
Kennon, John, 
Keeth, Isham, 
Kieth, Alexander, 
Lapsley, John, 
Lewis, Andrew, 
Lawson, Benjamin, 
Ludeman, W. J., 
Langham, Elias, 
Long, Reuben, 
Linton, John, 



Lewis, Stephen, 
Lewis, Thomas, 
Lovell, James, 
Lucas, Thomas, 
Lambert, George, 
Morton, James, 
Moseley, Benjamin, 
Murray, Abraham, 
Mills, John, 
Miller, David, 
Merewether, David, 
M'Dowell, John, 
Merewether, James, 
Moseley, Benjamin, 
Miller, Javan, 
Moore, William, 
Maguire, William, 
Miller, Thomas, 
Myers, Christopher, 
Massenburg, Nich., 
Moore, William, 
Mountjoy. Alvin, 
M'Nutt, James, 
Manning, Lawrence, 
Moon, Jacob, 
Meanly, John, 
M'Kinley, John, 
Mosby, Robert, 
Maberry, Robert, 
M' Reynolds, Thomas, 
Norvell, Lipscomb, 
Noland, Pierce, 
Nelson, Roger, 
Oldham, George, 
Owen, Richard M., 
Pointer, William, 
Porter, William, 
Parker, Nicholas, 
Powell, Pevton, 



.1 



, i n ; 



VIRGINIA TROOPS IN CONTINENTAL LINE. 



>53 



Pearson, Thomas, 
Peyton, Dade, 
Peyton, Robert, 
Payne, Joseph. 
Perkins, Archelaus, 
Penn, William, 
Price, WilHam, 
Petters, Samuel O., 
Pyle, William, 
Parks, James, 
Pullen, William, 
Poyner, William, 
Parrott, Joseph, 
Pugh, Joseph, 
Purcell, George, 
Powell, William, 
Quarles, Thomas, 
Quarles, Robert, 
Quarles, William P,, 
Quarles. John, 
Russell, Albert, 
Robertson. William, 
Rhea, Matthew, 
Richeson, V/alker, 
Robins, John, 
Robinson, John, 
Roney, John, 
Rankins, Robert, 
Ralp, Ephraim, 
Reynolds, William, 
Ricketts, Nicholas, 
Rogers, Andrew, 
Steel, John, .ry 

Smith, Obadiah, 
Smith, William, 
Smith, Francis, 
Smith, William S., 
Smith, Ballard, 
Smith, William, 



Smith, James, " 

Smith, Edward, 
Stokeley, Charles, 
Stephens, Williams, 
Southall, Stephen, 
Selden, Samuel, 
Stewart, Philip, 
Sears, Thomas, 
Starke, William, 
Settle, Strother, 
Starke, Richard, 
Springer, Jacob, 
Shackelford. Wm, 
Scarborough, John, 
Stephenson, Wm., 
Snowden, Jonathan, 
Scott, John E., 
Slaughter, Robert, 
Sturdivant, John, jr., 
Spencer, William, 
Saunders, Robert H., 
Skarratt, Clement, 
Tutt, Charles, 
Thompkins, Robert, 
Thompkins, Danl. R., 
Taliaferro, Benj., 
Trent, Lawrence, 
Taliaferro, Nicholas, 
Taylor, Thornton, 
Taylor, Richard, v; 
Townes, John, 
Trabue, John, 
Tannehill, Josiah, 
Tyler, John, 
Triplet, William, 
Tibbs, John, 
Thompson, James, 
Tatum, Henry, 
Thelabell, Robert, 



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254 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Triplett, Hedgman, 
Terrill, William, 
Teakle, Arthur, 
Vandewall, Marks, 
Vowles, Henry, 
Wilson, W^illis, 
Winston, Benjamin, 
Williams. Edward, 
White, John, 
Wallace, William B., 
Williams, David, 
White, John, 
Winston, William, 
Walker, David, 
Whitaker, William, 
Webb, Isaac, 
Worsham, John, 
Wallace, David, 
Whiting, Francis, 



Washington, George A. 
Worsham, Richard, 
Winlock, Joseph, 
Worsham, William, 
Warring, Henry, 
Wilson, John, 
Waples, Samuel, 
Wishart, Thomas, 
Winchester, George, 
Wilmot, Robert, 
Wilkerson, Young, 
Withers, William, 
W^ilkins, Nathaniel, 
Woodson, William, 
Woodson, Obadiah, 
Yarborough, Charles, 
Yates, Bartholomew, 
Young, Robert. 



Lie2itenants. 



Ashby, Nathaniel, 

Armand, Vogluson, 

Berry, Thomas, 

Blackwell, Joseph, 

Bell, Samuel, 

Baldwin, Francis, 

Brock, John, 

Butler, Reuben, 

Buxton, James, 

Baskerville, William, 

Barnes, John, Lt. and Q. M., 

Baylor, John — Cavalry, 

Byrne, John, 

Calinees, George, 

Camp, William, 

Collier, Thomas, Lt. and Q. M. 

Culp, Daniel, 

Christian, William, . 



Eskridge, George, 

Field, Theophilus, 

Guerrant, John, 

Greenup. Christopher, 

Green, Willis, 

Harrison (or Harmon), Charles, 

Hobson, Joseph, 

Holt, Joseph, 

Hill, Richard, Lt. Art., 

Hite, George, 

HoUiday, Joseph, 

Jones, Binns, 

Jenkins, William, 

Jones, Thomas, 

Kincaid, William, Lt. & Adjt., 

Lucas, John, 

Lawson, William, 

Martin, Hudson, Lt. and Paym., 



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VIRGINIA TROOPS IN CONTINENTAL LINE. 



255 



J 



Moore, Cato, 
M'Gill, Charles, 
Moore, Archelaus, 
Mahon, John, 
Oliver, Drury, 
Pitts, (or Pettes), Samuel, 
Pride, William, 
Pettyjohn, James, 
Perkins, Harden, 
Reins, Giles, 
Roult, Richard, 
Reagan, Daniel, 



Alexander, Geo. D., 
Alexander, Archibald, 
Baldwin, Cornelius, 
Brown, William, 
Clements, Mace, 
Christie, Thomas, 
Carter, William, Sr. , 
Craik, James, 
Davis, Joseph, 
Duff, Edward, 
Draper, George, 
De Benneville, Dan'l, 
Evans, George, 
Fullerton, Humphrey, 
Gait, Patrick, 
Griffith, David, 
Greer, Charles, 
Gait, John M., 
Gay, Samuel, 
Holmes, David, t-, 
Irvine, Matthew, 
Monroe, George, 
M'Mechen, William, 



Smith, John, Adjt., 
Tibbs, Willowby, 
Thweat, William, 
Tyree, James, 
Thompson, Anderson, 
White, Richard P., 
Wood, Bouldin, 
Woodroof, John, 
Hackley, James, 
Heth, Andrew, 
Elliott, Robert. 



Surgeons. 

Middleton, Basset, 
Pelham, William, 
Rose, Robert, 
Ramsey, John, 
. Smith, Samuel, 
Skinner, Alexander, 
Slaughter, Augustine, 
Seigle, Frederick, 
Trezvant, John, 
Wallace, James, 
Brown, Daniel, 
Brown, Joseph, 
Dixon, Anthony, 
Gould, David, 
Green, Charles, 
Macky, Robert, 
Pratt, Shuball, 
Peyton, Valentine, 
Quinlan, Joseph, 
Rumney, William, 
Taylor, Charles, 
Julian, John, 



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256 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Surgeon - Jl/afe. 



Brovvniey, John, 
Colvert, Jonathan, 
Knight, John, 
King-, Miles, 
McAdams, Joseph, 
Smith, Nathan, 



Mason, Littleberry, 
Foreman, Robert, 
Hughes, Thomas, 



Graham, Stephen, 



Day, Benjamin, 
Fovvkes, Chandler, 
Fowkes, John, 
Perkins, Archibald, 



Savage, Joseph, 
Vaughan, Claiborne, 
Yates, George, 
Farish, Robert, 
Johnston, William, 
Martin, Hugh. 

P. J/ [Pay?!ias/erf} 

Randolph, Harrison, 
Turner, Hezekiah, 
Weed, Robert. 

F. M. \_Fife Major?] ■■'■'^■'" 
Massey, William. 

Hospital Stewards. ,•>„►:. ,:, 

Watkins, John. 

Adjutants. '' 

Parker, Thomas, 
Thompson, Robert, 
Victor, John, 
Weeden, George. 



Siibalterns. 



Bullock, Rice. 
Barksdale, John, 
Foster, John, 
Goodwin, Dinwiddie, 
Hill, George, 
Hughes, Henry, 
Howell, Virjcent, 
Moxley. i<odam, 



Payne, Josiah, 
Porter, William, 
Slaughter, John, 
Scott, John, 
Scott, John, 
Thompkins, Chris., 
Throckmorton, Alb'n. 






,-5mo<. 






,:i'hl 



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VIRGINIA TROOPS IX CONTINENTAL LINE. 



257 



*./: 'i 



Broadus, James, 
Bunting, Wm. B., 
Berry, William, 
Beeson, Edward, 
Bowen, Rees, 
Brownlee, Alexander, 
Coleman, John, 
Carrington, Clement, 
Courtney, Philip, 
Conner, William, 
Davis, Thomas, 
Foster, Sampson, 
Fisher, John, 
Gibson, John, jr., 
Green, Samuel B., 
Hite, Joseph, 
Hargus, John, 
Jeffries, Isaac, 
Jopling, Ralph, 
Lipscomb, Thomas, 
Lanier, Thomas, 
Morgan, Spencer, 
Meade, William, 
Morgan, John, 
Menzies, George, 
Moore, John, 
Moore, Jacob, 
Morgan, Jeremiah, 
M'Con, Henry, 
Pugh, Willis, 
Philips, Samuel, 
Peyton, George, 
Reynolds, John, 
Stubblefield, George, 
Spitfathom, John, 
Stewart, Charles, 
Thompkins, Henry, 



E7isig7is. 

^ Vanmeter, Joseph, 

Wallace, James, 

Waller, Allen, 

Whiting, Beverley, 
e Walker, John, 

Waller, Allen, 

Watkins, Robert, 

Wren, Nathan, . ■ ^^^ 

■ Ball, William, 

Barnes, Parker, 

Cochran, James, 

Foster, Simon, 

Flournoy, Gid^^on, 
1 Fauntleroy, Robert, ^'' 

Green, James, 
'-''■''' Goodall, John, 

Hollinback, Daniel, 
. Hawkins, Reuben, 

Kay, John, 

Kinley, Benjamin, 

Kennedy, William, 

Linton, William, 

Meade, John, 

Meriwether, Nicholas. 
.f«'^""' Pope, John, 

Paulett, Jesse, Quart' mast. 

Pritchard, Rees, 

Quirk, Thomas, 

Rigger, Anthony, 

Smith, Frederick, 

Tyler, Charles, 

Thomas, Thomas, 

Turpin, Horatio, 

Winston, John, 

Westfall, Cornelius, 

Weathers, Enoch K., 

Baker, James, 



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258 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Q. J/ [Quartermasferf^ 



Burroughs, George, 
Beale, Taverner, 
Davis, Peter, 
Fitzpatrick, John, 
Foster, Achilles, 
Hubbard, Thomas, 
Henley, Henry, 
Hembrough, (or Hansbor- 

ough), James, 
Jackson, David, 



Balmain, Alexander, 
Griffitn, David, 



Clarke, John, 
Harrison, \Vm. B., 
Lunsford, William, 
Nevill, George, 
Perry, John, 
Power, or Poor, Robert, 
Smith, Joseph S., 



Moore, John, 
Mann, Henry, 
Parker, Alexander, 
Sandridge, Austin, 
Sprig, Edward. Brig. Qr.-Mast. 
Steenberger, William, 
Woolfork, Francis, 
Woodrow, Andrew, Brig. Qr.- 
Mast., 
Yancey, John, .. ■, . , 

Chaplains. .. ' ' ' ' " . 

Hurt, John, 

Cordell, (or Cordle), John, 

Cornets. 

V ;■■.•: :',■ ':,. 

Smith, William, 
Scott, Charles, 
Tinsley, Samuel, 
Teas, William, 
Woolfork, William, 
Carrington, George, 
Conner, Edward, 



Sergeant- Majors. 
Carter, Thomas, Davenport, Joseph, 

Commissaries. 

Kemp, James, M' Roberts, Alexander, F. C. :a 

M. Stores. 

(to be continued.) Wii. 










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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 259 

M . ■. . . L . /.- O _ * 

Letters of Wm. Fitzhugh. 

(CONTINUED.) 

July 4th, 1687. 
Hon'^ Sir: =5^ 

I just now received yours by your boy wherein you men- 
tion you were pleased to hasten his Dispatch, for the sudden 
Intelligence of the doutfuU Inroads of the Seneca Indians into 
our Country in their Return with their spoils from James River 
together with your directions to give notice to the Inhabitants to 
be upon their Guards,- which order I shall readily obey & I dare 
say the whole county will thank your Honor for your early and 
timely advice and will accordingly pursue the Same, but what 
measures to take if they be upon us further than Self preserva- 
tion dictates & directs I know not there being one Militia officer 
in commission in the whole county &. consequently people best 
spared cannot be commanded into service and appointed to 
guard the remotest most suspected and dangerous places. I 
intend this day up to Capt. Brents & with him shall consult what 
courses to take in this present exigence and accordingly pursue 
the same. As your Honour has been thus early in your first 
notice of the sudden and probable doubts of their Incursions, so 
I am well assured upon farther Intimation of the approaching 
dangers you will be pleased to give us sudden Knowledge but 
assist us with your full advice, directions and authority in what 
lawfuU posture we must stand in Defence, & if occasion be, op- 
position to their ravenous spoils and barbarous Inhumanity, 
In the mean time I shall take the best care I can not only to give 
general notice but endeavour the best security for the safety of 
the people in their lives and estates. 

Your Honours most &c. 

Wfr. 
To the Hon"'* Nich* Spencer Esq. 

*This letter seems to indicate that William Fitzhugh was then in 
command of the militia of Stafford county. Land grants to him at this 
time always style him Lieutenant-Colonel William Fitzhugh. 



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260 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

KI- I t T17< v •• I ' J . ..1 /\ ». r 

August loth, 1687. 
Dear Brother: 

The welcome news of all your healths, I received by Jno. 
Simpson, which I heartily congratulate & wish therein continu- 
ance, and rejoyce again with you not only in your wishes but 
kind salute, with the presentation of our humble service to your 
self and good lady. John Simpson & myself went down to see 
the stcars in Mr. Ashton's pasture, but they could not be got in, 
seventeen of them, there is full assurance that they are there, 
having been five times seen and reckoned since your being here, 
one I last year killed, but then did not remember that one that 
was wanting when you were here cannot yet be found, when it 
can it is at your service, to take or leave, so that there is at pres- 
ent Seventeen to be charged at 600 p head. Twenty sheep he 
will bring up with him, what measures we took in delivering the 
second Jno. Simpson will give you a particular account of, 
which are to be charged at 160 p. head; there needs no farther 
or other writing as I know of in that affair. I have also sent 
Mr, Cannon's book Sc thank your kindness in the loan thereof 
to whom please give my humble service. I heartily thank your 
mindfull care and your Lady's great kindness in those welcome 
glasses which came well and safe to hand. I neither have seen 
nor heard of Mr. Greenhalgh and if it be his ship that is come 
up, conclude you will have the first opportunity of discoursing 
affairs we last treated of, in which as in all other mutual concerns 
'hall be willing & gladly referred to your most Judicious conduct. 

Diar Sir 
....... YourWff. 

To Capt. George Brent at Woodstock. 



August iSth, 1687. 
Mr. Nicholas Hayward: 

Sir, This comes only for cover of John Busford's bill of 
Exchange for ^20, and letter of advice about the same, the 
money became due for Tob° I paid for him here, to keep him out 
of trouble, & he gives me the full assurance that it will be punc- 
tually paid, which if so, please to receive it for me and keep it 
in your hands till I shall farther order therein, but if it should be 



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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 261 

protested and you cannot give me timely notice before his depar- 
ture from hence I must then request your favour of prosecuting 
the protest against him there for he intends from hence by the 
first ships. We are now in daily expectation of hearing from 
thence, of all your healths & welfare which is particularly wish'd 
your self by 

Sir Your Wff. 
To Mr. Nichs. Hayvvard &c. 



January iSth, 1687-8. 
Hon^-* Sir: 

I heartily thank your kind opinion and free and full advice 
by Jno. Newton which agrees with mine from Mr. Jno. Cooper 
in the lowness of Tob" & in expectancy of its rise. As to Hill, 
Perry & Randolph, I have had an opportunity about five days 
since of sending an Intelligent person to feel the pulse of their 
Trade. I know you are too well practised in the Topicks of 
Honour and generosity to render advice other than fair and can- 
did & as you are not Yorkshire enough to set the course of your 
advice by the compass of your Interest. Sir I shall always en- 
deavour to manage those parts that God Almighty have given 
me the use of, that the Devil may not have the application and 
to be sure to keep honesty & integrity at the helm when I launch 
out into any manner of concerns and not with North County 
men thrust them under hatches. As you were pleased at first, 
to offer me your advice & Intelligence I now beg the continu- 
ance which will farther add to the obligations of 

Worthy Sir, Your Wff. 
To the Honble Coll' Richard Lee. 



January iSth, 1687-7. 
Honoured Sir: 

Yesterday I received your letter about Mr. Storke and Mrs. 
Meeses claims from Maj' Ashtons Estate* which claims we that 

*There is recorded in Stafford county a deed, dated JanUc'-y 12th, 
1705, from John Foster, of Wishback a/s Woodbridge, in the isle of 
Ely, county of Cambridge, England, to Elisha James, of the City ''f 
Bristol, mariner, conveying, for a consideration of /"iss sterling, a plan- 



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262 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 263 

are Executors here have long expected especially Mr. Storke's, 
for Mr. Ashton in his life time acquainted me that he was largely- 
indebted to Mr. Storke but did not mention Mrs. Meese. Since the 
receipt of your letter, I also have overlook'd all the letters and 
acco" between him & Mr. Storke and the last letter & acco' be- 
twixt and Mrs. Meese by which said last mentioned letters and 
accots I find him indebted to Mrs. Meese for Balance ^22. 7. 7. 
which said debt Mr. S'lOrke by his letter promises payment of, 
if Mr. Ashton desire, by letter dated 15 Dec"" 1682 in answer to 
which Mr. Ashton does desire payment by him to be made by 
letter dated May 17th following; ^20 part thereof was formerly 
paid by Meese for which Mr. Ashton was to have a receipt from 
his Sister which receipt could not be found as p. Mr. Storkes 19 
January 16S5, these are all the papers or letters relating to this 
whole matter as I can find which said letters & papers I have 
also sent for your view therefore can object nothing upon the 
whole matter against their Intercourse of letters that Mrs. Meese's 
ballance should be included in Mr. Storke's debt but upon farther 
consideration viewing Mr. Storke's accot (which I also send here- 
with) I cannot find Mr. Ashton's debited for any such article and 
therefore conclude that the receipt for the /^20 suspended the 
payment and so consequently the ballances may still be due to 
Mrs. Meese. Sir considering the trust reposed in us by the de- 
ceased in behalf of his friends in England to manage the charge 
imposed on us, with all diligence & honesty, also well weighing 
our duty as executors, in the first place to discharge all claims & 
dues according to law and justice and believing upon considera- 
tion of these papers & accots that iho e debts are justly due yet 
cannot legally be paid (according to the method and courses of 
proceedings in this country) without judgm't first had & obtained 
for the same and being also as equally unwilling to retard the 
knowledge as to shave off the payment of all just dues, in an- 

tation of 550 acres in Stafford county, commonly called Chatterton, 
which was devised by Peter Ashton to James Ashton, of Virginia, and 
by him devised to the said John Foster; and also a statement that Mr. 
John As^con, a co-legatee of Chatterton, had renounced his claim. 

Th^i-e is also a power of attorney from John Foster to Elisha James, 
r*" j5ristol, mariner, and Charles James, of the county of Dorset [sic], 
m Virginia, gentleman. 



.3Z1SAOAW 4A6i;iOTeiH AIWIOHIY S62 

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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 263 

svver to your's have sent this messenger on purpose, with this & 
the papers inclosed, to assure you that we shall be ready to make 
punctual payments in Tob" according to law for the said debts so 
soon as judgment is obtained for the same (and if your Honour 
enters the actions in your name as the Attorney) shall take no 
juris, no punctilios, no exceptions to the letters of Attorney, entry 
of Actions or Declarations, or any other matter, but shall hold our- 
selves clearly to the justice and merits of the cause & accordingly 
submit to such judgment as the court shall give, immediately 
upon its first call at our next court, which is this day three weeks 
viz february 8th. And lest that time should seem too long to 
stay without Tob" in this busie time of Dispatch I will immedi- 
ately lodge 12830 lb Tob" in your Honour's hands which comes 
to both their debts at 10 shilling p cent according to lav/ which 
your receiver may come forthwith up and receive or this bearer 
would gladly obey your commands & gladly receive it who has 
honestly acquitted himself in that affair to me both in the time of 
his service and now since his freedom. The Tob" I shall order 
by Capt. Brent whose letter I have also enclosed sent you, that 
you may see his intentions, both for the goodness and conveni- 
ency of payment. 

This claim goes near the whole appraisement therefore expe- 
dition is necessary for fear of others or future claims. If you 
know Sir of any other or surer way wherein we may be service- 
able to you & you oblige your friends, keeping the integrity of 
your trust, the Duty of our places, and the security of ourselves, 
we should be all ready to obey your just commands in particular. 
Sir your Hon' & 

Wff. 
To the Hon'''' Nich' Spencer Esq. &c. &c. 



February i6th, 1687-8, 
Hon"' Sir; 

Herewith comes the Examination about the late Indian mur- 
ther taken according to my Lord's & your Directions, with the 
assistance of the rest of the Justices and in the full view & hear- 
ing of the whole county together with Capt. Brents particular 
sentiments and Judicious contrivance for a full and plenary satis- 
faction to all Interests & pretences in so dark and obscure a 



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264 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

matter which appears in probability a surer way for quieting 
their jealousies and appeasing;' their future revenge (it being to 
be acted according to their Laws) and concurrent with their 
knowledge and understanding than a legall and (according to 
the best evidence to be gotten) inetTectual tryal. We have also 
sent to his Excellency, as your Honour will likewise see, an ac- 
count of the number ot our Free holders and Inhabitants, capa- 
ble of maintaining a Standing Militia of Horse and foot in our 
county as we conceive pursuant to the Honourable Boards order 
conceiving that a full number with a soldier like appearance is 
far more suitable & commendable than a far greater number pre- 
senting themselves in the field with clubs and staves, rather like 
a rabble rout than a well disciplined Militia. We humbly beg 
your Honours favour in aiding our defects where you perceive 
the Deficiency and in the true representation of our (which is a 
Standing .Militia) to his E.xcellency. We have also promised 
his Lordship an industrious care for the providing Drums, Trum- 
pets, colours & other Military ornaments but promise an eftect- 
ual performance because of the hazard of the voyage & indeed 
more minutely and particularly, because of the uncertainty and 
at present lowness of our most despicable commodity; which we 
assure ourselves your Honour in our behalfs will favourably 
recommend to his Excellency. Sir, Capt. Brent has got judg- 
ment for Mr. Storke and Mrs. Meese against the Executors in 
trust of Mr. Ashton for their respective debts to expect payment 
in money I believe will not be performed, but if in Tob° I have 
taken care to make it ready by lodging so much in Capt. Brent's 
hands which is always ready when your Honour in their behalfs 
shall require the same, if this year be shipped the Executors 
will come in & consequently our trust ceases it will be of them 
altogether as difficult to get money and perhaps difficult to get 
Tob°. I submit all to your Honour's Judgment and subscribe 
myself 

Sir Your Wff. 
To the Hon"'^ Nicholas Spencer &c. 



May loth, 1688. 
Mr. John Cooper: 

I received your several fair and kind letters this year 



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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 265 

wherein you candidly give me an account of the lowness of Tob' 
& the probability of its continuance upon which fair advice I 
desisted from my intentions and indeed Inclinations & of ship- 
ping off and consigning- to you 300 or 400 hh"'. However since 
the market would not give me encouragement for that corre- 
spondence this year I shall not fail (according to your notions 
and my own desires; of a continued and friendly conversation 
by letters and hope the same from you and if there should be 
war as it is rumoured wiih us here I desire you to take me freight 
for 20 hhd" certain 50 uncertain for if war's, freight will be diffi- 
cult to be obtained here & Tob' will be a worse commodity here 
than it is now, though it is now at the lowest as ever I knew it, 
Crops hardly furnishing the Servants with cloaths and working 
tools that make it. Sir I allow of your Act & thank your kind- 
ness in supplying my mother with /;s in her present exigence 
which she herself gave me an account of. Here inclosed I have 
sent you three bills of Exchange, one of Capt. Norrington's & 
Mr. Vincent Goddard's upon Mr. Richard Park's of London for 
^229 sterling one other of Mr. Jno. Buckner's upon Alderman 
Jefferies for ^4 and one other of William Smiths for £=,. 15 
upon Perry & Lane all which I would have you receive & keep 
for my use till my farther order that of Norrington's & God- 
dard's is the poor produce of almost 200 hhds Tob° which I 
consider although very low was something and if shipp'd of 
might have been lower or perhaps brought me in debt. S' If 
my Mother be living and you see her yourself which I much 
doubt because I have neither heard from herself nor by any other 
hand since the first Ships, pay her ^10 sterling upon my accot 
and make no other payments except by my particular order nor 
this except you deliver it to her yourself. I desire you also to 
pay to Mr. Nich' Hayward Notary Publick. upon my accot /So 
sterling if he comes to demand the same my next will give you 
the reason of my ordering him that together with full direc- 
tions, for the disposing of that and the remainder in your hands 
or the greatest part thereof 

I desire you next year to be full and timely in your advice. 
Mr. Nev/ton has I suppose this year taken care to Satisfie you 
for your former trouble in his business and made you some small 
consignments. The above is copy of my former I refer still to 



C32 .HuJMXirf KAIJJIV/ 'lO 6.H3TT3.1 

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266 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

the next for more full orders and directions only now send you 
Duplicate of the above both which I am sure you will take care 
of for 

Your Wff. 
To Mr. John Cooper ] 
Merch' in London. J 



May loth, i688. 
Mr. Nich' Hay ward: 

Sir, I am in too much haste now to give you a particular 
answer to your severall most endearing letters which by my next 
I shall endeavour to do. I hurry this away in haste together 
with one to Mr. Cooper to whom I sent bills of Exchange for 
^£'238, 17 sterling which in case of Mortality, &c., I desire you 
to take into your custody for my use. I have also ordered him to 
pay you ^80 sterling upon my account if he demand the same, 
part thereof, which trouble I give for these two reasons one that 
upon accident or casualities, which all men are subject to being 
my Agent & thereupon the spot may serve me, the other is one 
of ilie bills of Exchange being for ^229 sterling is drawn here 
by two persons (the copy of which bill together with copy of 
Judgment I have also sent you) Mr. Vincent Goddard and 
Capt. VVm. Norrington,- Capt. Norrington will be in England, 
Goddard here; if the money should not be answered, I believe 
it would be a safe course to prosecute Norrington there, which 
perhaps Mr. Cooper might not be so forward in because their 
interest and intimacy as I am informed is great & being also his 
chief principall owner for if it should happen to be protested, of 
which I hope I have no cause to doubt by that method against 
Norrington, the business here will be facilitated and eased if 
Goddard who is here should be insolvent. By my next also 
do intend to send you an Originall bill with like endorsement as 
to Cooper in this by which means if the money be paid you have 
no more to do but burn it, if it be not paid but protested you 
will be better enabled to see it prosecuted effectually, if it be not 
paid nor protested you will then bee strengthened to proceed in 
such a method which in your Judgment shall seem best for my 
security. Sir, By my next I shall be more full and take care both 
to give you and Mr. Cooper an account how I would have the 



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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 267 

money disposed of. I have it now in my intentions, for all or 
three fourths at least to be laid out in plate but yet have not fully 
resolved nor time to particularize. 

Sir I must beg your pardon for this last, which will admit me 
now to add no further but an assurance you shall always readily 
find me. 

Pray if Mr. Darrell become to you yet, Remember me kindly 
to him and if a callash would not cost above £ six or seven 
pounds I mean an ordinary one but strong and well geared that 
may be drawn with one horse and Mr. Darrell could bring it in 
freight free I could be very well contented provided my money 
be paid, to be at the charge of one and I am sure Mr. Darrell 
would not refuse the care and trouble all which concurring I 
desire to have one brought. 

Wff. 
To Mr. Nicholas Hayward, &c. 



May i8, i6S8. 
Mr. Nich' Hayward: •' 

Sir, The above is copy of my former, who by this have sent 
you the Originall bill endorsed according to my promise in my 
former and for those reasons there mentioned also for the callash 
if it cost no more than is there mentioned I would have it sent, 
though it could not be brought freight free provided it be de- 
livered directly at my Landing. As in my former I referred to 
my next so in this I must do the Same, this being only the pro- 
duce of a sudden opportunity for Duplication of the former, <&c. 
I shall in the next be largely thankfuU and thankfully large to 
which I refer. I am secure in Maryland. 

Wff. 
To Mr. Nich' Hayward, &c. 

jOds :;'. . 

June ist, 1688. 
Dear Mother: 

Having received but two letters from you last year and both 
of these in one ship, & in both of them the unwelcome news of 
your indisposition and weakness with your own doubts of your 
continuance in the land of the living which makes me mournfully 



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268 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

doubt the worst but yet hoping- that God in his Mercy has by 
this time restored you to your former health I take this oppor- 
tunity to assure you that my wife, Sister and all our family are 
in good health and with the continuance of the same to you, I 
have also ordered Mr. Cooper to pay you ;^io sterling which 
please kindly accept from 

Wff. 



June ist, i6SS. 
Dearest Brother: 

I longingly expected every day this last Winter especially by 
every ship the welcome receipt of a letter from you, wherein I 
might from yourself have the joyfull satisfaction of your good 
health, I must confess I never doubted your continued and con- 
stant love and affection, neither do I still, notwithstanding this 
omission which I was afraid was occasioned by indisposition till 
Mr. Hayward gave me the welcome assurance of the contrary. 
I please myself with the hopes of early receiving a line from you 
this next year to make satisfaction for this year's failure which 
will most joyfully welcome to Dear Brother 

Your Wff. 
To Capt. Henry Fitzhugh, &c. 



June ist, i6S8. 
Mr. John Cooper: 

Sir, I was so full in two l?st by Capt. Bowman and Capt. 
Conway that now I shall have little to say only to give orders 
aoout the disposal of the money sent home to you, which I 
would have all laid out in plate by you and Mr. Hayward, be- 
cause I have ordered him part of the money which by a particu- 
lar letter directed to both here inclosed I shall give full Instruc- 
tions in and therefore have no more to say than to assure you I am 

Your Wff. 
To Mr. John Cooper. 



June ist, 1688. 
Mr. John Cooper & Mr. Nich' Hayward: 

In particular letters to you both I ordered you money and 



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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 269 

in my last particular letter I acquainted you that I would have 
what I had not there expressly dispos'd of laid out for my use 
in plate, after having paid your selves the full balance of your 
acc'ts the plate that I would have bought pray let it be plain and 
strong being in these particulars following, if my money will 
reach to it, but rather leave some out than bring me a penny in 
Debt. One dozen Silver hafted Knives, i doz. silver forks. 
One dozen silver spoons large and strong, i set castors. One 
3 quart tankard. A pair silver candlesticks less than them sent 
last year by Mr. Hayward but more substantial. One silver 
salvator plate. Four silver porringers 2 indifferent, 2 small 
ones. A small silver bason, i doz. silver plates. Four silver 
dishes 2 pretty large for a good joint of meat and two of a 
smaller sort; if my money falls short let it be wanting in the 
Dishes; ii there be any remaining at the Overplus be what it will 
laid out in silver plates & let it all be thus marked VVFS and that 
coat of arms put upon all pieces that are proper, especially the 
Dishes plates and tankards &c. that I have sent inclosed and 
blazoned in a letter to Mr. Hayward. Pray let it be sent by the 
first conveniency and by bill Loading delivered at my Landing. 

Gentlemen Your Wff. 
• To Mr. Nich' Hayward 
& Mr. John Cooper. 



June ist, 1688. 
Mr. Nicholas Hayward: 

I have now before me your severall most obliging letters & 
continued offers of favour and friendship, more especially those 
by your Cousin Foote * and Capt. Madge wherein you give me 

*This "cousin," or nephew, Richard Foote, as George Fitzhugh, 
writing in De Bow's Reviezv, states him to be, came to Virginia as an 
agent for Nicholas Hayward, and settled in that part of Stafford which 
is now Prince William county. One of his descendants, Richard Foote, 
was a justice of Stafford in 1745. A Richard Foote, of Prince William, 

possibly the same, married Margaret (who married, secondly, 

John Thornton Fitzhugh), and died in 1778, leaving two sons, Richard 
and William Hayward, both very young at the time of their father's 
death. Another descendant, Richard Foote, married Jane, daughter of 



682 



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270 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

the whole particulars of your unweary'd endeavour in negoti- 
ating my affairs about Ashton's purchase and former Exchange 
as also the Return of my money in the plate sent for for all which 
I sincerely and heartily thank you and do really wish for occa- 
sions to demonstrate my gratitude as well as barely to acknow- 
ledge the obligations. Your Cousin Mr. Foote since his arrival 
has not given me the honour of his good company nor the hap- 
piness of any the least of his Commands nor indeed the least 
knowledge of his sentiments or intentions whereby I might 
have the minutest opportunity of serving or advising him which 
his near relation to you not only oblige but commands and when 
ever required or in the least but intimated shall be gladly receiv'd 
and readily obeyed. As to the building a small house for the 
settlement of a Plantation backv/ard upon your neighbouring 
tract I shall be always ready to assist Mr. Hayward as also in pre- 
paring for and planting an Orchard upon either or both and do 
intend upon your first advice this year of the continuance of your 
Intentions for that Settlement, to give you the building of such 
a house though in my apprehensions cannot see the present 
profit nor future advantage of such an undertaking, the Tract 
being two small for so many Scituations in the methods our coun- 
try now stands unless the Design were for a Quarter to settle 
hands upon for the larger support of River Side plantation. I 
cannot understand by your brother that there is any Defect in 
your Purchase and consequently no need of farther advice for the 
firmer settlement out thereof If ever I perceive the least Defect 
in that kind shall immediately undergo my best services and 
utmost endeavours to the closing such a breach. 

I thank your kindness in Mr. Durand's book, and must agree 
with you as well as I can understand it, that its a most weak 
unpolite piece, having neither the Rules of History nor method 
of description & taking it only as a private Gentleman's Journal, 
'tis as barren and defective there too; when I come out in print 

Rev. William Stuart, of King George county, and was ancestor of U. 
S. Senator Henry Stuart Foote. A Richard Foote married, after 1816, 
Lucy, widow of William Thornton Alexander. Richard H. Foote was 
appointed a justice of Fauquier in iSoi, and married Frances, daughter 
of George W. Grayson, of that county. In the Stafford records, March, 
1758, is a deposition of Richard Foote, gentleman, aged fifty-four years. 



0T2 



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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 271 

do intend to appear more regular and therefore as yet am not 
provided for such an undertaking. S' I am glad to hear by you 
of my Brother's health which I would favourably think indispo- 
sition or multiplicity of business has hinder'd him from acquaint- 
ing me with for I tind by yours that large glassing does not take 
up so much of his time now. I have sent by Capt. Sutton 
directed to you a skin which is esteemed a Lions with us here, 
killed upon your Town Tract which I would desire you to pre- 
sent in my behalf to him. I have in my two former given you 
an account of money sent to Mr. Cooper with relation to your- 
self in taking part and assistance in laying out the same which 
now upon second thought I wholly design for an additional sup- 
ply (except /5 I have charged payable to Brother Smith which 
according to the tenour thereof at sight I desire you to pay 
and lo /^ I have ordered Mr. Cooper to pay & the Callash if 
you purchase it w" the freight thereof) for now my building 
finished, my plantations well settled and largely stocked with 
Slaves, having added about five more than when I gave you an 
account thereof and purchased at least three plantations more 
than is there mentioned and being sufficiently stored with goods 
of all sorts I esteem it as well politic as reputable to furnish my- 
self with an handsome cupboard of plate which gives myself the 
present use and credit is a sure friend at a dead lift without much 
loss or is a certain portion for a child after my decease and there- 
fore last year I had a small quantity from you and about a like 
quantity from Bristol & did expect some from Plymouth but that 
miscarry'd. 

By thus discovering my thoughts and intentions to you, you 
may perceive that what plate I design to have purchased would 
be strong and plain as being less subject to bruise, more service- 
able and less out for the fashions which I assure my self you will 
supply me with, as what you sent me last year was excepf in the 
candlesticks. Brother and Sister Smith gives you their humble 
services and please to accept of the Same from S'. The Inclosed 
is'Impression of my seal and coat of arms, the Seal is lost there- 
fore I request your favour to supply use with another steel one. 

Your Wff. 
To Mr. Nicholas Hayward &c. 



ITS .H;., IHMI! MAIJJIV/ -lO ^«3TT3J 

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^i\L VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Mr. Nicholas Hayward: 

Sir, The above is copy of my former the inclosed speaks its 
own business and is only Duplicate of what I sent to'Mr. Cooper 
in my former. Suppose this together with my severall former 
letters will afford you the reason of my joining you in the 
trouble with Mr. Cooper & now have only to beg your pardon 
for all the troubles given you. In my last I sent you the Im- 
pression of my lost seal desiring you to get me one more cut, 
having no more of those Impressions by me and that but by 
accident. I have in this sent you the Coat blazoned w"' I de- 
sired you to get fair cut in Steel and for fear of loss again I 
believe it would not be much amiss to send me another large 
one upon an Ivory Stand it is thus blazoned, viz: A field azure 
three chevronels traced in the base of es cuchion & a chief or. 

>» Your Wfr. 

To Mr. Nicholas Hayward. .-'-•;.•■..,. '■: ..sr^ '., 



'' "" •'•■-=. April ist, 16S9. 

Mr. Nich' Hayward: 

I have received your severall particular and kind letters this 
year and congratulate your new acquisition of part of Mr. Ash- 
ton's back tract though I cannot agree with you according to 
the Piatt that it lyes so very contiguous to you and remote from 
me — but this can assure you that it is a bargain really worth 
your money, if it be as cheap as Mr. Darrell represents it. I 
also thank your kindness in sending me so much of my Plate 
sent for, nay more than I could have expected singly frorrl your- 
self without the mortality or resignation of Mr. Cooper, which is 
safely come into the country and has been this month, but is not 
yet arrived at my house neither the letters — above four days 
since; what the reason is that .Mr. Cooper did not join with you 
in buying the whole as far as my money reached nor lay out the 
money in his hands for the remainder according to my directions, 
I cant imagine without the closeness of his nature made my de- 
signs seem extravagant in which point I have sufficiently writ to 
him & with all signify' d to him that he is my Factor not my 



.amSAOy.K JATlHOXaiH AIXIOHIV 27S 

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LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 273 

Adviser because to him I pay commission. Now Sir to you to 
whom I pay no commission and by that means under no obhga- 
lion further than your generous and free nature obhges I must 
beg excuse that I want expressions throughly to acknowledge 
my gratitude. Sir, The inclosed is copy of my Proposals to 
Mr. Secretary which he gives me assurance will take with my 
Lord Culpepper therefore beg your favour to negotiate in my 
behalf with his Lordship, and to get a confirmation in England 
though the drawing deeds, consulting counsel and inrolment in 
chancery cost twelve or fifteen guineas. Your own purchase of 
Brenton with the Rent charge thereof gives you the manner and 
method. 

Your late acquisition assures me of your ability's, and your 
continued kindness emboldens me to request this as also another 
that you would please to make a piece of plate of ten guineas 
price from me acceptable to your Lady by your kind represen- 
tation thereof, for your consummation of the same. Perhaps 
my Lord Culpepper may object that the quantity of land, men- 
tioned within those Bounds (which I have also sent you inclosed 
to perfect the business there if it be possible) may be more, but 
the Rent roll which Mr. Secretary has diligently searched makes 
that fully appear, also that the Purchase is too low for so great a 
quantity of Land considering that you gave as much or rather 
more ratably, for your tract of 30000 Acres, which lyes remote; • 
to that it is easily answered your's is a new acquisition & conse- 
quently lyable to the Rents in specie, as my Lord put it, but 
this whole Purchase that I make is of Land taken up betore the 
Originall Grant to the first Proprietors of this Northern Neck 
and there fore stands under the conditions upon the first settle- 
ment of the Country & not my Lord's condition now to be 
made upon new Purch'\ses and consequently neither by his Lord- 
ship himself or any other, to be inhansed or advanced without a 
generall Disturbance to the People: Also what's now to be taken 
up it lyes in his Lordship's power to put what terms upon the 
Rent and in what specie he pleases, therefore 1000 acres of Land, 
taken up since my Lord's acquirement, is more worth for annuall 
advantage or immediate sale of a Rent charge than 50CO Acres 
antiently taken up and all that I propose to purchase within the 
bounds mentioned has been considerable time taken up before 



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6 



274 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

his Lordship's Right. And this I dare affirm that if his Lord- 
ship was to be Governor himself he would not be able w'' the 
greatest Industry assisted by power to clear from my intended 
Purchase ^20 ster a year & if he wants that power his utmost 
endeavour will never bring it to above half that sum, for all the 
Tennants upon the whole Tract three excepted are not able to 
pay their Rent in money being poor needy men and then the 
refuge must be by Distress & nothing will be found to Distrain 
but cows & horses and those to be valued by those that look 
upon themselves to be under the same mischief and from thence 
the Valua^n may be judged. I must assure you S' that if I 
make this Purchase, I have not the e.xpectation of receiving one 
penny in money for Rent but being placed in the middle of the 
Purchase & Tob" my method of Dealing, Tob" will answer my ends 
and suit my conveniency and perhaps in time reimburse me and 
my Posterity for the money laid out. Thus S' I have given you 
some reasons of my Proposal which when duely considered 
may be conducive to perswade his Lordship to sell, which if I 
would not have you stick upon ten or twenty pounds extra ordi- 
nary in the Purchase, therefore in generall terms shall desire you 
to act in this affair for me as for your self & whatever you do 
shall be thankfully acknowledged. Mr. Cooper intimated to me 
that the money in his hands was ready at your call which I de- 
sire you to take into your custody and I shall endeavour to send 
more by the latter ships & what my money falls short if the Pur- 
chase goes forward please to propose your own security for the 
payment thereof with Interest & I shall take effectual and satis- 
factory care to answer it; but if the Purchase should not go on, 
I still continue my resolutions of purchasing the same Pieces of 
plate & particularly the knives which I have already forks for 
when they come to hand, which I desire you'll please to purchase 
for me according to my last years direction with the addition of a 
Silver ladle and send it in by the first Ships. Capt. Brent who is 
now at my house has the same designs but waits the issue of this 
for the purchase of almost as great a quantity above Oquoquan 
and intends to propose it in partnership which will be a far more 
profitable Purchase, by reason little Land is already Pattented 
and what is, must come under your own conditions because Pat- 
tented since the Granting of this Northern Neck; himself best 



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.II'. -1 



LETTERS OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 275 

knows what he does & the advantage thereby and therefore to 
his relation I refer. Sir What encouragement my poor Endea- 
vours or Interest can give to your pleasing Establishment at 
Brenton and a sudden commotion we have had (under the pre- 
tended expectation of Indians in which Capt. Brent has given 
you a full just and clear relation) gives me the present opportu- 
nity not only to assure the people but also to satisfie ihe Govern- 
ment that were full encouragement given & Immunity granted 
to that Town which might be conducive to draw Inhabitants 
thither, the county would be indifferent secure from future alarms 
and it would be a sure Bulwark against reall dangers, because 
either by them or within them must be the Indian Road; a good 
company of Men there settled would be immediately called, 
either to keep off the Enemy at his first approach or cut him 
short in his Return. 

S'' This sudden turn of times in England may perhaps at pre- 
sent give a check to the Increment of Brenton from your French 
expectation but I believe may be additionally supply'ed by those 
methods. Capt. Brent intimates though not plainly expresses, by 
being a Refuge and Sanctuary for Roman Catholicks and I dare 
say let it be increased by whom it will, our government will give 
it all the Indulgences that can be reasonably required by reason 
of its convenient Scituation for a Watch and Defence ag" In- 
dian Depr:?dations and Excursions; neither do I believe that per- 
swasion will be hindered from settling any where in this country, 
especially there where being Christians they may secure us 
against the Heathen. I hope to have another opportunity to 
write to you again this year, therefore have now only to beg 
your pardon for this and all former troubles with this assurance 
you shall always find me thankfully acknowledge myself. S"" 
The inclosed is a bill of Exchange of Mr. Warner's upon Mrs. 
Thornbush which I desire you to receive for ^^5. 

Wff. 
To Mr. Nicholas Hayward &c. 



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276 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

■ .•>-? 

Will of William Fitzhugh, 

And Other Extracts From the Records of Stafford County. 

The following is an abstract of the will of Colonel William Fitzhugh, 
on record at Stafford Courthouse : 

" I, William Fitzhugh, of Stafford County, gentleman, now bound for 
England. Dated April 9th, 1700. To eldest son William all that tract 
called Vaulx land, in Westmoreland, containing 6,000 acres; a tract on 
Nominy in Westmoreland containing 475 acres; another tract adjoining 
Vaulx land at the head of Pope's Creek, containing 250 acres, also one 
half of a tract of 21,996 acres in Stafford, patented by me, lying above 
Occoquan; also to William the land I live on in Stafford, 1,000 acres, 
reserving one half of this land to my wife for her life. 

To son Henry one half of the said 21,996 acres; a tract above Occo- 
quan; also 600 acres called the Quarter land; also a tract of 6,000 
acres in Stafford at the head of Potomac Creek, called Wilkinson's 
patent. 

To son Thomas the land I bought of William Waugh, being 400 
acres on Rappahannock River, also 1.090 acres, bought of Parson 
Waugh, in the forest between the Rappahannock River and Potomac 
Creek, nigh the head thereof, also 350 acres on Rappahannock, also 
1,248 acres in Rappahannock forest, also 1,246 acres in the same. 

To son George 2,100 acres on Acquia and Chappawamsic Creeks in 
Stafford, also the first choice of 400 acres (out of a dividend of 6.000 
acres patented by Mr. Carey's father and mother), also 500 acres on 
Quantico Creek, also half of Soo acres near Quantico; also half of 2,150 
acres at the head of Quantico; also a tract of i.oco acres lying near 
the falls of Occoquan (where a tanyard wis made by Mr. Rice Hooe's 
father); also a tract, 500 acres, between Hollowing Point and Diggs's 
Island, within two miles of Col. Mason's. 

To son John, 200 acres in Paspetanzy, bought of Dr. Richard Bryant, 
and now leased to the said Bryant ; also 150 acres lying back of my 
dwelling plantation ; also 200 acres near Chotank ; also 548 acres lying 
upon Paspetanzy forest ; also 400 acres lying near Machodick Dam, a 
little distance from my dwelling plantation ; also another tract of 100 
acres ; another of 175 acres between Rappahannock and Potomac ; 
also 400 acres upon Mathodick Dam, a little distance from my dwelling 
house ; also 100 acres. 

To wife Sarah one half of the plantation I live on for her life, and 
the use and benefit of the still thereon (in lieu of dower); but if she 
refuses is to have her thirds. 



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278 WILL OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 277 

All Other lands in Virginia, and rights or pretensions to lands in 
England or Maryland, to son William. 

To wife seven negroes, one silver bason, three silver plates, one of 
the lesser silver candlesticks, half the silver spoons in the house, the 
second best silver tankard, a silver porringer, a large silver ladle, the 
great silver tumbler, and desires that she should leave this silver to his 
youngest son John. 

To his son William, eight negroes, two silver dishes, six silver plates 
of those that came in last year from Mr. Mason, one large silver salver 
Jappon, one small silver bread plate, one heavier, one krger silver salt, 
one silver porringer of the largest sort, a pair of large silver candle- 
sticks, with snuffers, snuff dish and extinguisher, the great silver tank- 
ard, and a set of silver castors. 

To his son Henry, seven negroes, two silver dishes, of those that 
came in last year from Mr. Mason, a small silver bread plate, one silver 
trencher salt, one silver porringer of the largest sort, and a silver 
candlestick with snuffers and stand. 

To his son Thomas, seven negroes, and (after his elder brothers are 
served) one silver dish, three silver plates, a silver porringer, a silver 
salt, and a silver candlestick. 

To son George, seven negroes, and (after his elder brothers are 
served) one silver dish, three silver plates, one silver porringer (if one 
is left), a silver salt, a silver candlestick, and the smallest silver candle- 
stick. 

To his son John, seven negroes, one silver bason, three silver plates, 
a silver saL, a small silver tumbler, and six silver spoons. 

To eldest son William, two large silver dishes that are novv coming 
in from England, on condition that he pay each of my other four sons 
^lo sterling, and if he does not said dishes are to be equally divided 
among my five sons. 

To son William /■200 sterling out of my money in England ; to wife 
Sarah £120, and to each of sons Henry, Thomas, George and John 
/120 sterling to be paid to said sons when they reach the age of six- 
teen; and what may remain of my money in England to be equally 
divided between my sons William, and Henry. 

Give my riding horse Tickler to my wife, and all other horses to son 
William, who is to provide each of the younger sons with a good young 
horse. 

Beds, furniture, &c., to be divided between wife and son William. 

Give to son William my own and my wife's pictures, the other six 
pictures of my relations, and the large map in my study. 

Give my study of books to William and Henry, and the remainder of 
my pictures and maps to my wife. 



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278 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

As to goods and merchandize — I have two stores; provision therefrom 
for use of the family for two years, and give the remainder to WiiUam, 
on condition that he pay each younger son ^'50 sterling. 

To sons Henry and Thomas, the stocks of sheep, cattle, and hogs, 
at the Church Quarter plantation, and to wife and son William the re- 
mainder of stock. 

Codicil, Oct. 20, i-oi : Son William to have charge of the four 
younger sons and their estates until they are eighteen years of age. 

Codicil (2d). To servants John Nicholson, Henry the Carpenter, 
and Thomas the glazier, the time remaining due by their mdentures. 

To my cousin David Abbott the time due by his indentures, being 
seven years; to Mrs. Ann O'Donnell two stuff gowns and petticoats; to 
mother [probably wife's mother] certain sheets and flannel; and (at the 
request of my wife) a negro woman [named], for a particular respect 
she has to her, is to be e.xempted from working in the ground. 

To wife Sarah and son William, both m.y coaches, horses, and gear ; 
To Mr. John Clark ^5 for a ring; to Mr. Andrew Clark ^5 for a ring; 
to Dr. Spence ^5 for a ring; to Dr. Spence's wife 20 shillings for a ring; 
to sons George and John, a dozen silver spoons, I brought out of Eng- 
land with me; to son Henry, my silver Manteeth [?j I brought out of 
England ; to son Thomas a silver chocolate pot I brought out of Eng- 
land. 

Proved in Stafford, December loth, 1701. 

On Nov. iSth, 1701, Mrs. Sarah Fitzhugh, widow and relict of Colo- 
nel William Fitzhugh, late deceased, relinquishes her right of dower. 

The inventory of Colonel William Fitzhugh's estate includes 51 ne- 
groes and mulattoes, and 6 English servants. 



The inventory of the personal estate of Henry Fitzhugh, Esquire, 
deceased, son of William, and grandson of William Fitzhugh, the im- 
migrant, recorded in Stafford, March 2d, i7-)2-3, shows a very large and 
valuable estate. Articles are named as being in the parlor chamber, 
the hall chamber, the porch chamber, the study chamber, the garrett, 
the back room, the hall closet (which contained, among other things, 
a silver-hilted cutlass and belt, a silver-hilted small dress sword, a spy- 
glass, a drum, a case containing a German and an English flute with 
an "8 do 12," a backgammon table and boxes, a cane and sword belt, 
two powder horns, &c. 1; the chamber back room ('containing, among 
other things, S yards of "Virginia Demmety "), "The Chamber," the 
study, the chamber closet, the hall (which contained, among other 
things, a book-case valued at £^, a set of silver knee buckles, a pair of 
gold studs, a silver watch, a family seal, a reading glass, a nocturnal, a 



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'•^' EXTRACTS FROM RECORDS OF STAFFORD CO. 2(9 

universal dial, twelve silver spoons, twelve ivory knives, six tea spoons, 
tongs, &c.. a soup ladle, two pair of silver candlesticks, snuffers and 
pan, six silver plates, a silver teapot, engraved, a parcel ot old silver 
(valued at /6. 15. 11J2), new silver plate (valued at ^11. 17. 9), six sil- 
ver plates (valued at £2>5- o- 1°). o"^ large two-handled silver cup 
(valued at /52. 10, " ,^"25 sterling of this cup belongs to Mrs. Fitzhugh "), 
china, glass, wine glasses, a silver punch ladle, &c.); hooks, per a cata- 
logue [not given], valued at /■25S. 7. 9; in the kitchen, in the dairy, in 
the new store-house, in the old store-house, in the cellar, in the new 
house, and in the meat-house. 

One inventory contains 52 slaves and 3 white servants; another 
"Mulatto Peter's estate," ro slaves ; another "at Aaron's Quarter," 16 
slaves, and another " at Miles Quarter," 15 slaves. 

[Colonel Henry Fitzhugh, of " Eagle's Nest," whose estate is here 
described, was the only son of William Fitzhugh, of the same place — 
who v.-as appointed member of the Council in 1711, and died about 
January, i7i3-'4— was educated at the University of Oxford, where he 
matriculated at Christ Church, October 20th, 1722, at the age of fifteen; 
was long a member of the House of Burgesses, and once an unsuccess- 
ful candidate for Speaker; married Lucy, daughter of Robt. Carter, of 
" Corotoman," and left — besides a daughter Elizabeth, who married 
Benjamin Grymes, and was the grandmother of Bishop Meade — an 
only son. William Fitzhugh, of "Chatham," Stafford county, who was 
a member of the House of Burgesses, of the Revolutionary Conven- 
tions, and of Congress, 1779-S0. The last named married Miss Ran- 
dolph, of " Chatsworth," Henrico county, and had two daughters, Mrs. 
Craig and Mrs. G. W. P. Custis— the mother of Mrs. R. E. Lee— and 
an only son, William H. Fitzhugh, of " Ravensworth," Fairfax county, 
a young man of great talent, who was a member of the Virginia 
Legislature, and Convention of 1829, and v. ho, dying without issue, 
ended the male line of the eldest branch of the Fitzhughs]. 



By an order of Stafford County Court, Feb. 15, 1748, there was set 
apart, out of the estate of Col. Henry Fitzhugh, in St. Paul's parish, 
Mrs. Lucy Harrison's dower, and thirds of slaves, stocks. &c., and 
under an agreement with Col. Nathaniel Harrison [of "Brandon"], 
and Lucy, his wife [late the widow of Henry Fitzhugh], there was 
assigned to her 732 acres out of the "home house tract" (the whole 
containing 1.797 acres) and 27 slaves. 



Captain William Fitzhugh [Jr.], was a Burgess from Stafford in 170c, 



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280 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 118I 

Major William Fitzhugh [Jr.], in 1701; appointed clerk of the county 
July iSth, 1701. 



There is recorded in Stafford a long deed, dated March Sth, 1759, 
from William Fitzhugh, of Calvert county, Md., Esquire, to Bailey 
Washington, of Stafford county, Va., gentleman, reciting that Richard 
Gary and George Seaton ootained a patent, in 1662, for 6,000 acres on 
the Potomac, in Westmoreland, which had been granted in 1659 to Mr. 
Hugh Gywnne, who sold it to said Seaton and Thomas Morris ; that 
Morris and Mary, his wife, sold their share to the said Gary, who by 
his will, dated Nov. 29th, 16S2, left 400 acres of said land to his wife 
(who afterwards married Samuel Aldred and sold her share to George 
Brent), and that said Gary, by his will, also gave 250 acres of said tract 
to his son, Richard, in tail, and the remainder of said land to his sons 
John and Richard, in fee; but providing that if the heirs of said Seaton 
(who was then dead) should on coming of age. shofld repay /60 
which said Gary had expended in sowing and seating said land, then 
they should have a moiety of it; and that Richard Gary, the son, by 
deed dated Nov., 169S, sold his interest to William Fitzhugh, grand- 
father of the said William Fitzhugh (party to the deed), conveying 
2,100 acres, and that the said William Fitzhugh, the elder, by will, gave 
said land to his son, George Fitzhugh, who died about 1722, intestate, 
leaving issue, George, his eldest son (who is since dead without issue) 
and the said Wm. Fitzhugh, party to the deed; and also that John 
Gary, Jr., of the Gounty of Gloucester, gentleman, entered into part of 
said lar i (1,000 acres) in tail, under the will of Richard Gary, the first 
named, and by deed, dated October, 1752, sold said 1,000 acres to Wm. 
Fitzhugh, party to this deed, the entail being docked by an act of the 
Assembly; and said Wm. Fit.'hugh now conveys 1,664 acres to said 
Bailey Washington. 

In the index to wills is found, between 1729-4S, the will of John 
Fitzhugh; but the will book is one of those stolen or destroyed during 
the late war. 



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INSTRUCTIONS TO BERKELEY. 281 

Instructions to Berkeley, 1642.^ 

[MacDonal.d Papers, Va. State Library, Pages 376-3S8.] 

Instructions to Sir William Berkeley, IC?ct., One of the Gentle- 
men of our Privy Chamber, Governor of Virginia, a?id to 
the Council of State there : 

That in the first place you be careful! Almighty God may be 
duly and daily served according to the Form of Religion es- 
tablished in the church of England both by yourself and all the 
people under your charge, which may draw down a blessing on 
all your endeavours. And let every congregation that hath an 
able minister build for him a convenient Parsonage House, to 
which for his better maintenance over and above the usual pen- 
sion you lay 200 acres of Gleable lands, for the clearing of that 
ground every of his Parishoners for three years shall give some 
days labours of themselves and their Servants, and see that you 
have a special care that the Glebe Land be sett as neare the Par- 
sonage Hou=e as may be and that it be of the best conditioned 
Land. Sufter no invasion in matters of Religion and be careful 
to appoint sufficient and conformable Ministers to each congre- 
gation, that you chatechise and instruct them in the grounds 
and principles of Religion. 

2. That you administer the Oaths of Allegiance and Suprem- 
acy to all such as come thither with intention to plant themselves 
in the country, which if he shall refuse he is to be returned and 
shipped from thence home and certificate made to the Lords of 
the Councill, the same oath is to be administered to all other 
persons when you shall see it fitt as Mariners, Merchants &c. to 
prevent any danger of spyes. 

3. That Justice be equally administered to all his Majesty's 
subjects there residing and as neere as may bee after the forme 
of this Realm of England and vigilant care to be had to prevent 
corruption in officers tending to the delay or perverting of Justice. 

4. That you and the Councellors as formerly once a year or 
oftener, if urgent occasion shall require, Do summon the Bur- 

* Berkeley was appointed Governor August 9th, 1641, but did not 
assume the government until February, 1642, 



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282 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



gesses of all and singler Plantations there, which together with 
the Governor and Councill makes the Grand Assembly, and 
shall have Power to make Acts and Laws for the Government of 
that Plantation correspondent, as near as may be, to the Laws of 
England, in which assembly the Governor is to have a negative 
voice, as formerly. 

That you and the Councill assembled are to sett down the 
fittest Months of the Quarterly meeting of the Councill of State, 
whereas they are to give their attendance for one and consult 
upon matter of Councill and State and to decide and determine 
such Causes as shall come before them, and that free access be 
admitted to all Suitors to make known their particular griev- 
ances, being against what persons So ever wherein the Governor 
for the time being, as formerly, is to have but a casting voyce if 
the number of the councellors should be equally divided in 
opinion, besides the Quarterly Meeting of the Council it shall 
be lawful for you to summon, from time to time, Extraordinary 
meetings of the Councill according to emergent occasions. 

6. In cas^ there shall be necessary cause to pr'ceed against 
any of the Councill for their own persons they are in such cases 
to be summoned by you, the Governor, to appear at the next 
Sessions of the Councill, holden there to abide their Sensure or 
othervJse, if you shall think it may concern either the Safety or 
quiet of that State to proceed more speedily with such an 
offender. It shall be lawful to summon a councill extraordinary 
where at six of the councill at least are to be present with you, 
and by the Major part if their voyces comit my councillors to 
safe custody or upon Bayle to abide the order of the next quarter 
councill. • 

7. For the ease of the Country and quicker despatch of Busi- 
ness you, the Governor and Councill, may appoint in places 
convenient Inferior Courts of Justice and Commissioners for the 
Same, to determine of suits not exceeding the value of Ten 
Pounds and for the punishments of such offences as you and the 
Councill shall think fitt to give them the power to hear and de- 
termine. 

8. The Governor shall appoint officers of sealing of writts and 
subponas and such officers as shall be thought necessary for the 
execution orders. 



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INSTRUCTIONS TO BERKELEY. 283 

And — also the acts and Laws of the General! Assembly and 
for punishing any neglect or contempt of the Said Orders, Acts 
or Laws respectively. And shall nominate and appoint all other 
publique officers under the degree of the councill, the Captain of 
the Fort, Master and Surveyor General! excepted. 

9. That since the Councill attend his Majesties Service and the 
publique business to the great hindrance of the private, that they 
and ten servants for every Councellor be exempted from all pub- 
lique charges and contributions assessed and levved by the 
General! Assembly (a Warr defensive, assistance towards the 
Building of a Town or churches or the ministers' dues excepted). 

10. To avoid all questions concerning the Estates of Persons 
dying in Virginia, it shall be lawfull as it hath been used hereto- 
fore to make probates of Wills, and default of a Will to grant 
Letters of Administration in ye Colony: Provided always that 
such to whom Administration is granted do put in sufficient 
security to be accomptable to such persons in England or else- 
where unto whom of right those Estates shall belong. And 
that such Probate of Wills and Letters of Administration shall 
be and abide in full force and virtue to all intents and purposes. 

11. To the end the country may be the better served against 
all Hostil Invasions it is requisite that all persons from the age 
of 16 to 60 be armed with arms, both offensive and defensive. 
And if any person be defective in this kind, wee strictly charge 
you to command them to provide themselves of sufficient arms 
within one year or sooner if possible it may be done, and if any 
shall fail! to be armed at the end of the Term limited we will 
that you punish them severely. 

12. And for that Arms without the Knowledge of the use of 
them are of no effect wee ordain that there be one Muster Master 
General!, appointed by us for the Colony, who shall 4 times in 
the year and oftener (if cause be) not only view the arms, am- 
munition and furniture of every Person in the Colony, but also 
train and exercise the people, touching the use and order of 
arms and shall also certify the defects if any be either of appear- 
ance or otherwise to you the Governor and Councill. And 
being informed that the place is vacant by the death of George 
Dunn we do nominate and appoint our trusty and beloved John 
West, Esq., being recommended unto us for his sufficiency and 



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INSTRCCJlON> TO f)n.Ki:W E.V, . 'y.'-. 

284 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

long experience in the country, to be Muster Master of the said 
Colony. And for his competent maintenance we will that you, 
the Governor and Councill, so order the business at a General 
Assembly that every Plantation be rated equally according- to 
the number of persons, wherein you are to follow the course 
practised in the Realm of England. 

13. That you cause likewise 10 Guarders to be maintained for 
the Port at Point Comfort. And that you take course that ye 
Capt° of ye said Port have a competent allowance for his services 
there. Also that the said ftbrt be well kept in Reparation and 
provided with ammunition. 

14. That new Comers be e.xempted the ist yeare from going 
in p'son or contributing to the wars Save only in defence of the 
place where they shall inhabit and that only when the enemies 
shall assail them, but all others in the Colony shall go or be rated 
to the maintenance of the war proportionately to their abilitys, 
neither shall any man be priviledged for going to the warr that 
is above 16 years old and under 60, respect being had to the 
quality of the person, that officers be not forced to go as private 
soldiers or in places inferior to their Degrees, unless in case of 
supreme necessity. 

15. That you may better avoid and prevent the treachery of 
the savages we strictly forbid all persons whatsoever to receive 
into their houses the person of any Indian or to converse or 
trade with them without the especiall license and warr' given to 
that purpose according to the commissioner inflicting severe 
punishment upon the offenders. 

16. For preventing of all surprizes as well as of the treach- 
erous savages as of any fforaine enemy we require you to erect 
Beacons in severall partes of ye Countries by firing whereof the 
country may take notice of their attempts of their Beacons or 
their watching them to beare the charge of the country as 
shall be determined by a Generall Assembly or otherwise by the 
shooting off 3 Pieces whereby they may take the Alarum as 
shall be found most convenient. 

17. That for raising of towns every one ye have and shall have 
a grant of 500 acres of land, shall, within a convenient time, 
build a convenient house of brick of 24 feet long and 16 feet 
broad with a cel'ar to it and so proportionately for Grants of 



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INSTRUCTIONS TO BERKELEY. 285 

larger or lesser quantity. And the grounds and platforms for 
the towns to be laid out in sucli form and order as the Governor 
and Councill shall appoint. And that you cause at ye publick 
charge of ye country a convenient house to be built where you 
and the councill may meet and sitt for the dispatching of publick 
affairs and hearing of causes. And because the buildings at 
Jamestown are for the most part decayed and the place found to 
be unhealthy and inconvenient in many respects. It shall be in 
the power of you and the council, with the advice of ye Generall 
Assembly, to choose such other seate for your chiefe Town and 
Residence of the Governor as by them shall be judged most 
convenient, retaining the ancient name of James Town. 

i8. That you shall have power to grant Patents and to assign 
such Proportion of Land to all adventurers and Planters as have 
been useful heretofore in the like cases, either for adventurers of 
money, Transportation of people thither according to the orders 
of the late company and since allowed by his Majesty. 

And that there likewise be the same proportion of Fifty acres 
of land granted and assigned for every p'son transported thither 
since Midsummer, 1625. And that you continue ye same course 
to all persons transported thither untill it shall be otherwise de- 
termined by his Maj'^. 

19. Whereas the greatest part of the Land on James River 
hath been formerly granted unto particular persons or public 
society but being by them either not planted at all or for many 
years deserted, divers planters have by orders and leave of the 
Governor and Councill of Virg-nia set down upon these lands or 
some part of them which was absolutely necessary for the de- 
fence and security of the Colony against the Indians, that the 
Governor confirm those Lands unto the present Planters and 
Possessors thereof. And that the like course be taken for Plant- 
ing new Patents in any other places so unplanted and deserted 
as aforesaid where it shall be found necessary. And in case 
former proprietors make their claims thereunto that there be 
assigned to them the like quantities in any other part of the 
Colony not actually possessed where they shall make choice. 

20. That you call for the Charter Parties that Masters of Ships 
bring along with and strictly examine whether ttiey have truly 
p'formed the condicons of their contracts. And further, dih- 



682 .Y3J3'^HHa OT .-.y.OlTO'J.^TS'Al 

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286 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. " ' 

v\, gently to inquire and examine whether they have given sufficient 

p and wholesome food and drink with convenient room to the pas- 

/\ sengers during the voyage. And that no Servants be discharged 
r, the Ships and turned ashore as formerly untill their Masters have 

notice and sufficient time to send for them. And that upon com- 
.|. plaint in any of these particulars you give such redress as justice 
(, shall require. 

^ 21. That in regard you may daily e.xpect the coming of a 

J fforaign enemy, Wee require you soon after the first landing 

,, that you publish by proclamation throughout the Colony that no 

person whatsoever upon the arrival of any ships shall dare to go 

on board without ye express warr' from you the Governor and 

councill, least by the means they be surprized to the great pre- 
^ judice if not the overthrow of the Plantation. 
.. 22. And to avoid that intolerable abuse of Ingrossing comodi- 

ties of forestalling ye iMarket, That you require all Masters of 

Ships not to break Bulk until they arrive of Saint James City or 
.. otherwise without speciall orders from ye the Governor and 

^; ' Councill, and that care be taken that there be sufficient Store- 
- houses and Warehouses for the same and convenient laying of 

their goods as they shall arrive. 
,^ 23. That you endeavour by severe punishment to suppress 

drunkenness, And that you be carefull ye great quantity of wine 
V and strong waters be not sold into the hands of those that be 
„i likeliest to abuse it, but that so near as you can it may be equally 
, disposed of for the reHef of ye whole Plantation. And if any 

Merchant or other for private Lucre shall bring in any corrupt 
.;. or unwholesome wines, waters or any other Liquors, such as 

may endanger the health of the people and shall so be found 

upon the oaths of sufficient p'sons appointed for the Tryall that 

the vessel be staved. 

24. That especiall care be taken for ye preservacon of neat 

cattle and that the ffemales be not killed up as formerly, whereby 
,^ the Colony will in short time have such plenty of victualls, yt 
h- much people may come thither for the setting up of iron works 
^ and other staple commodities. That you cause the People to 

plant great store of corne, as there may be one whole years pro- 
^ vision before hand in the Colony least in relying upon one single 
p Harvest, Drought, Blasting or otherwise they fall into such 



^. ... 

88S 



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'.t 



■•^iq >^>'3i>j 



INSTRUCTIONS TO BERKELEY. 287 

wants or Famine as formerly they have endured. And that the 
Plow may go and English be sowed in all places convenient. 
And that no Corne nor Cattle be sold out of the Plantation with- 
out leave from the Governor and Councill. 

25. That they apply themselves to the Impaling of Orchards 
and gardens for Roots and Fruits w'ch that country is so proper 
for, & that every Planter be compelled for every 500 acres 
granted unto him to Inclose and sufficiently ffence either with 
Pales or Ouicksett and Dikes, and so from time to time to pre- 
serve, enclosed and ffenced a quarter of an acre of Ground in ye 
most convenient place near his Dwelling House for Orchards 
and gardens. 

26. That whereas yo' Tobacco falleth every day more and 
more unto a baser price, that it be stinted into a far less propor- 
tion then hath been made in ye last year 1637, not only to be 
accounted by the plants but by the quantity when 'tis cured. 
And because of Great Debts of the Planter in Tobacco, occa- 
sioned by the excessive rates of commodities have been the 
stinting thereof, so hard to be put into execution that the course 
commanded by his Majesty in his letter of the 22nd of April, in 
ye 13th year of His Reign for regulating ye debts of ye Colony 
be duly observed. And also not to suffer men to build slight 
cottages as heretofore hath been there used. And to remove 
from place to place, only to plant Tobacco. That Trademen 
and Handy Crafts be compelled to follow their severall Trades 
and occupations, and that ye draw you into Towns. 

27. We require you to use yo"" best endeav' to cause ye people 
there to apply themselves to the raising of more staple commo- 
dities as Hemp and Flax, Rope, Seed and Madder, Pitch & Tarr 
for Tanning of Hides and Leather. Likewise every Plantation 
to plant a proportion of Vines, answerable to their numbers, and 
to plant white Mulberry Trees, and attend Silk Worms. 

28. That the Merchant be not constrained to take Tobacco at 
any Price, in Exchange for his wares. But that it be lawfull for 
him to make his own Bargain for his goods he so changeth not- 
withstanding any Proclamation here published to the contrary. 

29. That no merchant shall be suffered to bring in Ten pounds 
worth of wine or strong waters that brings not one hundred 
pounds worth of necessary commodities and so rateably. And 



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^S8 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

that every Merchant that deserveth a Warr' for the recovery of 
his Debt shall bring in a bill of Parcells with the Rates of the 
several! Commodities, whereby ye certainty of the Debt and ye 
comodities thereof may ye better appeare. 

30. That whereas many ships laden with Tobacco and other 
merchandize from thence, carry ye same immed'^ into fforraine 
countries, whereby his iMaj'-" loseth ye custom and Duties there- 
upon due, nothing being answered in Virginia, You bee very 
carefull that no ship or other vessell whatsoever depart from 
thence, fraighted with Tobacco or other commodities w'' that 
country shall afford, before Bond w*" sufficient sureties be taken 
to Ma''" use to bring the same directly unto his Maj"'' Domin- 
ions and not else where, and to bring a Bill of Lading from 
home that the staple of those comodities may be made here, 
whereby his Maj"^ after so great expence upon that Plantation 
and so many of his subjects Transported thither, may not be de- 
frauded of what shall be justly due unto him for custom and 
other duties upon those goods'. These Bonds to be transmitted 
to ye Councill here, and from thence to ye Exchequer, that ye 
Delinquent may be proceeded with according to due course of 
Law. 

31. Next that you strictly and resolutely forbid all Trade or 
Trucking for any Merchandize whatsoever w"" any ship other 
then His Maj'-^'^ subjects, that shall either purposely or casually 
come to any of y^ plantations. And that if, upon some unex- 
pected occasions and necessity, the Governor and Councill shall 
think fitt to admitt such intercourse, w'^ we admitt not but upon 
some extremity, That good caution and Bond be taken, both 
of the Master and also the owner of the said Tobacco or other 
comodities so laden that they shall (Damages of the Sea Ex- 
cepted) be brought to our Port of London, there to pay unto us 
such duties as are due upon the same. 

And to conclude, That in all things accordingly to y' best 
understanding ye endeavour the extirpation of vice and encour- 
agement of Religion, virtue and goodness. 

• Charles. 



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.nO 



•?Sr^ CAUSES OF DISCONTENT IN VIRGINIA. 289 

hni,v,.K,.-t, -r. ;- ,-,.: ]r..,^ ....:, ..< ...... ...... ■-.■,.;„. ' 

Causes of Discontent in Virginia, 1676. 

[Winder Papers, Vol. II, pp. 169 to 173, Va. State Liprarv.] 

(continued.) 

NORTHAMPTON GRIEVANCES. 

The Agreevances of ye Inhabitants in Gen" to say Hous- 
keepers and ft'reeholders of Northamp' County committed unto 
theire Burgesses to p' sent unto yo' Right Hon^'^ Gov" his coun- 
cell and Burgesses humbly — 

' . ■■ •" Petitioning for Redress. 

1. Whereas our county som yeares since was, contrary to our 
expectation, divided into two counties to our great Detriment 
and Loss notwithstanding ye great advantage Coll. Scarborough, 
y' made and p' cured to ye county of Accomack ag" Leut"' 
Coll. Waters y" his ffellow Burgess ; ye premises dewly consid- 
ered Desire (as we humbly conceive) but Reasonable, y' our 
County may be answerably Inlarged as theirs. ;., 

2. That we may have Liberty graunted us to choose a new 
vestery, and y' every three yeares a new vestery may be chosen. 

3. That ye act concerning paying for killing of Wolves, 
Beares, Wilde Cats & Crows, or ye Like, may be Repealed 
since no man but will, for his own good & security, Indevour to 
ye utmost to destroy all possably he can. 

4. That any houskeepers may have a coppy at any time of ye 
clerk of ye Lists of Tithables, and by ye s'd clerk attested, pay- 
ing Reasonably for ye same. 

5. That no p'son may be sett Tax ffree but by a full board, 
and not by any magistrates p'ticular favor to ye great opression 
of other poore p'sons. 

6. That it may be graunted us to make a free choyse of six 



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; fiv/o sid ^ol ,' 



• ■ ■ ' -".iC aiJifi y.uT Jjsc t>d ysm (jo? , • • -c 

OT lovcl xeluoh'q gSJ6iJei::5<f.rn 'r;:r. yd Jon bnc 

xie "lo 9»{Oil3 »9Ti fi s^JBUTJ oJ eu bsinuBTg 3d y£fn Ji J«HT .d 



290 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

housekeepers, w"" out Interposing of any over Ruling Majis- 
tratre, and to continue yt Numb"" who may be admited and 
authorized to sitt, vote, assess and examine ye Lists of Tithables 
yearely at ye Laying of ye county Leavy, giving them Lawfull 
Notice of ye same to prevent future opressions and abuses, as 
we humbly susspect and conclude to have Received heretofore, 
w'" Reasonable Request, if deny'd us, must and will submit. 
Then crave (by ye Reason) we have a court of Brothers ; Prive- 
ledge may be granted us and confirmed (^if they continue) to 
have our choyce of ye s'd foure Brothers, two of them only to 
sitt at our s'd yearly assessing ye County Leavy. 

7. That our County Records may bee free open for every man 
to search and Require coppies as theire occasions, from time to 
time, shall and may Require at ye apoynted place and office, 
paying ye Clerk his just fees. 

8. That courtJ may be kept more duly according to Act of 
Assembly, w"' out often Reseuringment at pleasure, without ap- 
perent just cause to ye great charge & detriment of ye People, 
as allso sitting at ye apoynted hours ; ye contrary forcing peop., 
Espeschaliy in Winter, to Return home and to Comitt theire 
business unto others to theire Loss and Dissatisfaction, or els 
expose themselves to trouble and be Bourthensome to theire 
Neighbours housen, w'ch possable may be prevented by early- 
sitting. 

9. That we may have Liberty to appeale, in any Dubius case, 
though depending upon a far smaller value than Three Thousand 
pounds of Tobacco w"" would not heretofore be p'mitted. 

10. That no Drink may be sold w'^in a mile of ye Courthouse 
at any of ye court sitting days, Considering ye Detraction of 
time and ye Rudeness of people where Drink is sold at courts, 
neglecting theire business, spending and wasting theire Estates, 
abusing themselves and Authority, Quarreling and fighting w'" 
all Imagenary inconveniences, and evill concequences thereby 
accruing. 

11. That no ordinary, or petty Tipling house may be allowed 



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Ic )oA oj i-nibT^'-^'i/i /luh ^zocrs jqf.'vi so 7';m tJ"! ;;':;■'? U.d'T .8 

ynfit^v;. .„....:,.^.^ .,^ ^_.,w, :^i^i,c = .,.j Jo'v; ,::?'!:. .. :. :..;, 

bntisuo ■ ii.1 .\ no.;: 

1'- :;. 



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b^wolffi »d -^Brn 58uof{ jjoilqiT i(JJsq lo .viunibio on tsdT .i i 



CAUSES OF DISCONTENT IN VIRGINIA. 291 

in our county; a means to keep young freemen and others from 
Running into Maryland. . ,■; r.«. ;i.,.. ?h,i"i 

12. That there may be a considerable fine and stricter Injunc- 
tion Inserted or added to the act concerning ye court to examine 
theire orders in open court and not any pticular Majestrate to 
presume ye same Private at his house w"''' ye clerk contrary to 
the true Tenure of Law (in torce) when often yt Majestrate so 
doing is not prsnt at half of ye orders entered, whereby possable 
many 111 conveniences may arise and corruption practised as " 
heretofore on our Eastern Shore. 

13. The mooving case of ye s'd act, as upon Just complaint, 
that Sheriffs and clerks may be ordered to dOe something ex 
officio as well as magistrates and other officers, as for intending 
ye orphants court when often none or few accompts be brought 
in; and usually done at the county court time. Ditto as to 
orders and coppy of orders; so constables, survayers of high- 
ways summoning ye People to choose Burgesses, Returning 
them, summonsing of Juries before need, when often times in 3 
or 4 courts not one cause is put to a Jury, or at Least to mode- 
rate theire fees, w*" by those means and ye Like they Raise often 
unreasonable sums and allowed them. 

14. That ye Indians of ye Eastern shore in Virginia may be 
obliged to kill a certaine Numb"" of wolves yearly, having a dayly 
opportunity by Ranging ye woods; for Such Satisfact" as may 
be thought fit w'" out ye p'fit of p'ticular men. 

15. That no Sheriflf may officiate two yeares together. 

16. That no p'son may be admitted to beare any office until! 
he hath bin an Inhabeitant five years in ye Place where he shall 
officiate, and yt all those not of that continuance may be Dis- 
missed untill further Tryall of theire Fidelity & Trust. 

17. That whereas our shore is Incom.passed w"' Sholes Inso- 
much yt no ships but of small burden can come to Trade and 
those yt come but few and Inconsiderable. It may be tacken in 
consideration and accordingly ordered yt no psons in our coun- 



•xrjL'joI T'Jto.itJ? h'.^y. tsn/i 9!dfi"ivbi?no:) f. ad vjtjfii 9it>dJ JKflT .si 

90' ■ ■ ' - Ajf. z^fjj ot babbn 'tu ' • ' -^"h 

oJ bac nuoo rrjuo n dj 

3^ iO 9V 'lo " ' ' b 

vjn::.:.,;... .-..- "a. 

JiigUOld-f-'CJ :. Y 

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'.it '. (q(j;i''i f} , : c{fi*,?r 

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9d 
ylv 

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.. q b ih'q uy juo ^'w :a ;)Li^uoflJ sd 

.larij^soJ zsicay owJ ^jl^-jiAo vr-tn 'T\>-\-j{Vd on '«rlT .ji 

•d 



292 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

try may be suffered to Ingross any commodaties (as formerly) 
to ye great prjudice of ye communtry; to say yt no man shall 
within six weeks or wt time may be thought conven' after ye 
ships or vessell moveing in ye creek Buy more than his own crop 
, doth amount unto at any store. 

^ Wee, ye Inhabitants of Northampt County, In Virginia, hav- 

], ing given in our agrievances to our Burgases do make choyce of 

I. of these tenn men as Trustees to draw our agreevances in a ffull 

.A and Ample man'. To be by them Dilivered to our Lawfull Bur- 

'r> gassess. 

r ' Signed, Jno. Michael, Seny'', 

■■ -..•..•. Tho: Harm ANSON, 

-,.^- ^...-i . .:i •■. -; i.i. ; John Waterson, 

^.'■-■'^ ■■■ ■ .'• - -■ ' Richard Lamby, 

■'■'■ ' ' ■' ' ' " ■ , Thomas Huntt, 

';. .,, ' .':,'■■ . ; Will Spencer, 

'■ "■' ' ■'■ ' • ;• . ■ ■ ■ •'■ Jn. Custis. Jr., 

,' '-. ^ .-.,..., Argoll Yardley, 

• '" !:'.,. i ,•■ t '. ■. , ._■•,' ■.- ■■ ■ The marke of 

,-( ' ,; .,,;-. ;-^„ .' Arthur A Apsher, 

<» J .;•••_ i"-'.-''' . ■ -.-^ :_ The marke of 

i-: Wm. W Slaiting. 






.L-VT1TIA.1C v^.- ,i.: j/ 



^^i RACING IN COLONIAL VIRGINIA. 



Racing in Colonial Virginia. 

The Colony and State of Virginia so long had a pre-eminent renown 
for fine horses and the fondness of its people for racing, that there 
can be no doubt that a history of the subject by one thoroughly in- 
formed could be made most interesting. This sketch will be only a 
collection of various notes made from time to time, and may possibly 
be of use to whoever may prepare such a work as that just referred to. 
And there is one gentleman, above all others in Virginia, who, from 
his long interest in, and deep knowledge of race-horses and racing, 
and his abilities as a writer, would be able to give value to a book on 
the subject. Of course a learned Judge will be suggested to every one- 

As far back as the twelfth century there were regular races in Eng- 
land, and if we may believe a contemporary, Fitzstephen, jockeying 
was even then practiced to a considerable extent. In the reign of 
James I annual races were established at several places in the kingdom, 
and racing became a favorite sport of the people. 

The immigrants to \' irginia brought with them, and their descendants 
retained, all the love for in and out door sports, which characterized 
that portion of " Merry England " which was not clouded by the gloom 
of religious fan£.ticism, or which was not drawn by an earnestness, 
which could see but one object, away from the lesser and lighter busi- 
ness of life. Our Colonists liked cards and dancing, could not see that 
damnation was incurred by the celebration of Christmas or lurked in 
a mince pie, and entertained a strong partiality for fox-hunting, and 
above all, racing. 

Horses increased in number rapidly after their introduction, and the 
settlers became a race of unsurpassed riders, the ownership of a good 
horse being not only a necessity, but a matter of pleasure and pride. 
All of the early writers in Virginia speak of the quality of the horses, 
and of the fondness of the people for riding. 

Every horseman, in every country, has a desire to test the speed of 
his favorite mount, and there can be no doubt that from the tirst im- 
portation of horses there were informal and impromptu trials of speed. 
These would naturally lead to wagers and to fixed times and places 
for the contests, and so regular racing would be originated. Exactly 
how soon regular racing began in the colony cannot be ascertained, — 
certainly it is believed, no horses were kept especially for racing until 
the eighteenth century— perhaps about 1730. 

The earliest notices of racing we have, occur in the county records, 
when disputes arose which had to be settled in court. The writer has 
had an opportunity to make a careful search for such notices only in 
one county, Henrico, where the records begin in 1677; but from a 
general acquaintance with the records of a number of other counties 



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294 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZIXE. •■>.r, 

and the information of other persons, it may be stated that there was, 
in the seventeenth century, much more racing in Henrico than in any 
other county, or else the supporters of the turf here were much more 
Htigious than elsewhere. 

The earliest notice of racing, however, is in a quaint order made by 
the court of York county, on September coth, 1674. 

"James BuUocke, a Taylor, haveing made a race for his mare to runn 
w'th a horse belonging to Mr. Mathevv Siader for twoe thousand 
pounds of tobacco and caske, it being contrary to Law for a Labourer 
to make a race, being a sport only for Gentlemen, is fined for the same 
one hundred pounds of tobacco and caske. 

" Whereas Mr. Mathew Siader & James Bullocke, by condition under 
the hand and seale of the said Siader, that his horse should runn out 
of the way that Bullock's mare might win, w'ch is an apparent cheate, 
is ord'ed to be putt in the stocks & there sitt the space of one houre." 

The worthy court, whose zeal for purifying the turf deserves applause, 
evidently were believers in the statement that racing is the '' sport of 
kings." And th's is probably the only instance where a man was so 
imprudent as to give a written agreement to have his horse pulled. 

With the exception of a suit about a race in Westmoreland county in 
the latter part of the century, all the other early notices of racing 
which the writer has seen are in Henrico county, which seems to have 
been the " race-horse region " of the day. It should be remembered 
that it then included Chesterfield and an indefinite tract of country to 
the west. 

Extracts from the records themselves will probably give a better 
notion of the racing of that day than any description could do. Several 
are given in chronological order : 

"Henrico Records, 1677-92, p. 65. - <'- - -•- 

"Bartholomew Roberts, aged 40 years or thereabouts, Deposeth 
That July last yo'r Deponent being at Bermuda Hundred, there being 
a horse race run betweene Mr. Abraham Womock & Mr. Rich'd Ligon. 
Capt. Tho: Chamberlaine being at ye end of ye race he asked whether 
both horses were ready to run, young Tho: Cocke saying yes, and that 
Abraham Childers being ordered to start the horses he bid them goe. 
Tho: Cocke's horse went about 4 or 5 lengths from ye starting place, 
run out of ye way, and Tho: Cocke rained him in and cryed it was 
not a faire start & Capt. Chamberlaine calling ye other young man 
backe, Joseph Tanner made answer ye start is faire, onely one horse 
run out of ye way and further yo'r Deponent saith not. 

His marke 

Oct., 1678. Bartholomew B. R. Roberts." 



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RACING IX COLONIAL VIRGINIA. 295 

"Philip Jones, aged 17 years or thereabouts, Deposeth : That this 
summer this deponent was at ye Hundred and saw Abraham Womecke 
and Rich'd Ligon there, and afterwards saw Mr. Chamberlaine's boy 
upon Abraham W'omeck's horse, and Thos: Cocke upon another horse, 
and ye s'd Cocke told ye other boy that if he did not come in at a word 
he would leave him behinde, and ye said boy answered him againe 
that if he did not at a word he would leave him, they being then at ye 
starting place, or going to ye starting place (which the deponent can- 
not certainly tell) to run a race, there being a man ordered to start 
them, who gave a word, at which Mr. Chamberlayne's went, and Tho: 
Cocke saved it was not a faire start. 

And further sayth not, 

Phillip Jones." 

"Oct., 167S." 

At June Court, 1679, Edward Stratton and John Milner, testified that 
some time in the last summer a race was made up at Col. Eppes' store- 
between the horses of Richard Lygon and Abraham Womecke for 300 
lbs. tobacco, and that Col. Eppes was security for both for the payment 
of the tobacco, and that the race took place. 

The ne.xt race noticed was some years later. In October, 16S3, tes- 
timony was given in regard to a race arranged between Edward Hat- 
cher and Andrew Martin, the winner to have the other's horse, each to 
ride his own; but when they went to the place for the race, Richard 
Ligon stated that the horse Edward Hatcher was to ride was his 
(Ligon's) and refused to allow him to run, whereupon "Andrew Mar- 
tin ridd away upon his horse, and after some while came riding back 
again and said he had been over the race, and said that he had left his 
knife there, and bidd them goe and see if they would," and then 
claimed the other horse. 

At April Court, 16S7, another race dispute came to trial : 

"Richard Blande, aged about 21 years, Deposeth: That in the race 
run between Mr. John Brodna.x and Capt. William Soane, now in 
tryall, the horse belonging to Henry Randolph, on w'ch Capt. Soane 
layed came, after the Start first between the Poles agreed on for their 
comeing in." 

And in August of the same year still another case came before the 
court: 

Records of Henrico Co., 1677-92, p. 466. 

"Christopher Branch, aged about 29 years, Deposeth: That being at 
a Race at Varina [the County C. H.] was present at ye making of 
another Race between Hugh Liggon & Stephen Cocke, and did hear 
say they would run fair horseman's play, w'th severall other words 
confirming the same. 

Christop'r Branch." 

"Aug. ist, 1687." 



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296 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Henrico Records, 16SS-97, p. 74. 

"William Randolph, ag:ed about 38 years, Deposeth : That about 
Saturday last was a fortnight this depon't was at a race at Mawvern 
hills [Malvern Hill] at w'ch time Mr. Wm. Epes and Mr. Stephen 
Cocke came to this depon't and desired him to take notice of ye agree- 
m't : w'ch was That ye horse of yes'd Epes and the horse of Mr. Wm. Sut- 
ton was to run that Race for ten Shillings on each side, and each horse 
was to keep his path, they not being to crosse unlesse Stephen Cocke 
could gett the other Riders Path at ye start at two or three Jumps (to 
ye best of this dep'ts knowledge) and also that they were not to touch 
neither man nor horse, and they further desired this dep't to start the 
Horses, w'ch this dep't did and to ye best of this dep'ts Judgm't they 
had a fair start, & Mr. Cocke endeavored to gett the other rider's path 
as afores'd according to ye agreem't, but to ye best of this depi's 
Judgm't he did not gett it at two or three Jumps nor many more, upon 
w'ch they Josselled upon Mr. Epes horse's path all most part of the 
race. 

And further saith not, 

W.M. Randolph." 

"August rst, 16S9." 

Other testimony was given by Godfrey Spruill, William Lewis, and 
Joshua Wynne, who stated that they had been present at the race at 
Malvern hills, that they saw the horses as they were coming in "Jossell- 
ing for the path," and that .Mr. Wnl. Sutton's horse, on which Stephen 
Cocke laid, won. .Mr. Wynne stated that he started them '' and as soon 
as they were oft'Wm. Cocke closed in w'th ye boy and bore upon the 
boy's path, going about sixty yards in that manner." 

Wni. Randolph, who appears to have been an ardent supporter of 
the turf, was again a witness in August, 1690. Captain Soane had made 
an agreement to run his horse against one belonging to -Mr. Littleberry 
Epes, which was backed by Mr. Robert Napier, ^10 a side. Mr. 
Napier did not produce his horse at the appointed time, and the suit 
was for the amount of the stake, as an agreement had been made that 
the horse which did not appear should forfeit the whole amount. 

The next instance will give an idea of how seriously people of that 
day went into racing : 

Henrico Records, 1677-99, P- iSi. 

"At a Court held at Varina, Ap'l ist, 169S, Richard Ward complains 
against John Stewart, Jun'r, in a plea of debt for that, that is to say 
the s'd plaintiff & defendant did on the 12th day of June Last, cove- 
nant and agree in the following words : 

"It is Covenanted and agreed this 12th day o{ June, 1697, Between 
Mr. Richard Ward of the one part, in Hen'co Co'ty, & John Steward, 
Jun'r, of ye other part in ye same Co'ty : Witnesseth, that the aforesaid 



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A^*8 RACING IN COLONIAL VIRGINIA. 297 

Mr. Richard Ward doth hereby covenant, promise & agree to run a 
mare named Bony, belonging to Thomas Jefferson, Jun'r [Grandfather 
of the President], ag'st a horse now belonging to Mr. John Hardiman, 
named Watt, the said horse & mare to Run at the race-place com- 
monly called ye Ware, to run one quarter of a mile. And ye said John 
Steward, Jun'r. doth hereby Coven't Sz agree to Run a horse now 
belonging to Mr. Jno. Hardiman, of Cha : City Co'ty, the said horse 
named Watt to Run ag'st a mare belonging to Thomas Jeffeison, 
Jun'r, named Bony. The s'd horse to give the s'd mare five horse 
Lengths, Vizt : that is to say ten yards. And it is further agreed upon 
by the parties above s'd, that the s'd horse & mare are to Run on the 
first day of July next Ensuing the date hereof. And it is further agreed 
upon by the parties above s'd that if the s'd mare doth com.e within 
five Lengths of the fores'd Horse, the fores'd John Steward to pay unto 
Mr. Rich'd Ward the sum of five pounds Sterling on Demand, & the 
s'd Richard Ward doth oblige himself that if tht; afores'd horse doth 
come before s'd mare five Lengths, then to pay unto the afores'd John 
Steward, Jun'r, the sum of six pounds Sterling on Demand. It is fur- 
ther agreed by the p'ties aforesaid, that there be fair Rideing & the 
Riders to weigh about one hundred & thirty Weight, to the true 
p'formance of all & singular the p'misses, the p'ties above s'd have 
hereunto set their hands the day and year above written." 

"And the plaintifi' in fact saith, That pursuant to the afores'd agree- 
ment, The s'd horse & mare, to-wit : The horse named Watt, belong- 
ing to Mr. John Hardiman, & the mare named Bonny, belonging to Mr. 
Tho. Jefferson, Jun'r, were by the s'd pl't'f & Def'd't brought upon the 
afores'd Ground to Run upon the first day of July, and the word being 
given by the person who was appointed to start the s'd horse & mare. 
The afores'd mare, with her Rider who weighed about one hundred & 
thirty weight. Did Leap off, and out running the afores'd horse came 
in first between the poles which were placed at the comeing in of the 
s'd Race, commonly called the Ware, one quarter of a mile distance 
from the starting place appointed; and was by the s'd mare, with her 
Rider of about one hund'd & thirty weight as afores'd, fairly Run. 

"Wherefore the afores'd pl't'f saith that the afores'd Mare, Bony, with 
fair Running & Rideing, according to agreement. Did beat the s'd 
horse Watt, and that according to the true meaning of the s'd 
agreem't he, the s'd plaintitT, hath Woon the wager, to-witt: the sum 
of five pounds sterling of the afores'd John Steward. And thereupon 
he brings suit ag'st the afores'd John Steward, Jun'r, & demands 
Judgem't for the afores'd sum of five p'ds Sterl., with Co'ts, &c. To 
which the Defend't, by .Mr. Bartholomew Fowler, his aUorney, appears 
and upon oyer of the plaintiff" declaracon pleads that he oweth nothing 
by the covenants, &c., and thereof puts himself upon ye country & ye 
pl't'f likewise. 



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298 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. ; ■ 

"Whereupon, it is ordered that a jury be impanelled & sworn to try 
the issue, To-witt: Thomas Edwards, \Vm. Ballard, Phill Chllders, 
John Watson, Edward Bowman, Will Hatcher, Amos Ladd, John Wil- 
son, Phill. Jones, Edw'd Good, John Bowman. 

"Who Returned this Verdict: We find for the plaintiff. Upon the 
motion of the plaintiffs' attorney the s'd Verdict is Recorded, & 
Judgment is awarded the s'd pl't'f against the Def'd't for the sum of 
five pounds Sterling, to be p'd with Costs, als E.x'o." 

The latest instance of a suit of the kind in Henrico, which has been 
noticed, is one in which it is stated that Thos. Chamberlayne and 
Richard Ligon had agreed to run their horses over "the race path " at 
Conecock, Henrico, for 40 shillings a side and a gallon of rum for the 
company, and Chamberlayne's horse had won. 

We can gather from these notes, from the Henrico records, that there 
were at this early period several regular " race paths " or tracks in the 
county, that they had starters and judges, and agreed on certain 
weights to be carried. It seems highly probable that the "quarter 
races " of a later day were simply survivals of these early contests. 

The old writers of travels in Virginia almost all speak of racing and 
of the excellence of the horses. Following are extracts from some of 
them: 

From "A Perfect Description of Virginia," London, 1649 p. i. 

"That there are [in Virginia] of an excellent raise [race] about two 
hundred Horses and Mares.'' 

From Beverley's History of Virginia, London, 1705, section 94: 
"There is yet another kind of sport, which the young people take 
great delight in, and that is, the hunting of wild horses; which they 
pursue sometimes with dogs, and sometimes without. You must know 
they have many horses foaled in the woods of the uplands, that never 
were in hand, and are as shy as any savage creature. These having 
no mark upon them, belong to him that first takes them. However, 
the captor commonly purchases these horses very dear, by spoiling 
better in the pursuit; in which case he has little to make himself 
amends, besides the pleasure of the chase. And very often this is all 
he has for it; for the wild horses are so swift, that tis difficult to catch 
them; and when they are taken 'tis odds, but their grease is melted, or 
else being old, they are so sullen that they can't be tamed." 

From "The Present State of Virginia," by Hugh Jones, London, 
1724, p. 48 : 

"The common Planters leading easy lives don't much admire 
Labour, or any manly Exercise except Horse racing.'' "The Saddle- 
Horses, though not very large, are hardy, strong, and fleet; and will 
pace naturally and pleasantly at a prodigious Rate. They are such 



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Hi. -l 



300 



RACING IN COLONIAL VIRGINIA. 



lovers of Riding, that almost every ordinary Person keeps a Horse; 
and I have known some spend the morning in ranging several miles in 
the Woods to find and catch their Horses only to ride two or three 
miles to Church, to the Court House, or to a Horse-Race. " 

From "Travels Through The Middle Settlements of North America, 
in 1759 and 1760," by Rev. Andrew Burnaby. London, 1775. 

"The horses [of Virginia] are fleet and beautiful; and the gentle- 
men of Virginia, who are exceedingly for.d of horse-racing, have 
spared no expense or trouble to improve the breed of them by import- 
ing great numbers from England." 

From "A Tour in the United States of America," By J. F. D. Smyth. 
London, 1787. [Smith travelled in America in 1772.] 

"There are races at Williamsburg twice a year; that is, every spring 
and fall, or autumn. Adjoining to the town is a very excellent course, 
for either two, three or four mile heats. Their purses are generally 
raised by subscription, and are gained by the horse that wins two four- 
mile heats out of three ; they amount to an hundred pounds each for 
the first days runing, and fifty pounds each every day after; the races 
commonly continueing for a week. There are also matches and sweep- 
stakes very often, for considerable sums. Besides these at Williams- 
burg, there are races established annually, almost at every town and 
considerable place in Virginia; and frequent matches, on which large 
sums of money depend ; the inhabitants, almost to a man, being quite 
devoted to the division of horse-racing. 

" Very capital horses are started here, such as would make no despi- 
cable figure at Newmarket; nor is their speed, bottom, or blood inferior 
to their appearance; the gentlemen of Virginia sparring no pains, 
trouble or expence in importing the best stock, and improving the ex- 
cellence of the breed by proper and judicious crossing. 

"Indeed, nothing can be more elegant and beautiful than the horses 
had here, either for the turf, the field, the road, or the coach ; and they 
have always fine, long, full, flowing tails; but their carriage horses 
seldom are possessed of that weight and power, which distinguish 
those of the same kind in England. 

" Their stock is from old Cade, old Crab, old Partner, Regulus, Babra- 
ham, Bosphorus, Devonshire Childers, the Cullen Arabian, &c., in 
England ; and a horse from Arabia, which was imported into America, 
and IS now in existance. 

" In the southern part o( the colony, and in North Carolina, they are 
much attached to quarter-racing, which is always a match between two 
horses, to run one quarter of a mile straight out, being merely an exer- 
tion of speed; and they have a breed that perform it with astonishing 
velocity, beating every other for that distance, with great ease ; but 
they have no bottom. However, I am confident that there is not a 



eeS . .AtMIOMIV JAIHOJOD V!l OVSTJAH 



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300 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

horse in England, nor perhaps the whole world, that can excel them in 
rapid speed: and these likewise make excellent saddle-horses for the 
road. The Virginians, of all ranks and denominations, are excessively 
fond of horses, and especially those of the race breed. The gentlemen 
of fortune expend great sums on their studs, generally keeping hand- 
some carriages, and several elegant sets of horses, as well as others 
for the race and road ; even the most indigent person has his saddle- 
horse, which he rides to every place, and on every occasion ; for in this 
country nobody walks on foot the smallest distance, except when 
hunting; indeed a man will frequently go five miles to catch a horse to 
ride only one mile upon afterwards. In short, their horses are their 
pleasure and their pride." 

The Virginia Gazette throughout contains much information about 
racing and race horses. When the first advertisement of imported 
horses appeared, it is impossible, on account of the destruction o\ the 
files of the paper, to say; but there were none in 1736-40, years which 
are extant. In the paper of Nov. 26, 1736, it is stated that on St. 
Andrew's day a hunting saddle, iScc, will be run for, one quarter of a 
mile, in fianover County; and on July ist, 1737, it is announced: " We 
hear there is to be horse-racing every Saturday till October, at the 
Race Ground near this City." 

On Dec 9th, 1737, it is stated that on St. Andrew's day in that year, at 
Capt. Jno. Bickerton's, in Hanover, a race was run, and won by a bay 
horse belonging to one Tyas, of Caroline; "but it is said Mr. James 
Littlepage is to have it." 

The next report is nearer home : 

"Williamsburg, Dec 14, 1739- Last Wednesday the Fair began in 
this City and held three days. * * * 

"The prizes were all contended for. There was a Horse Race, 
round the Mile Course, the First Day, for a Saddle of Forty Shillings 
Value. Eight Horses started, by Sound of Trumpet, and Col. Chis- 
well's Horse, Edgcomb, came in First, and won the Saddle; .Mr. Cocke's 
Horse, Sing'd Cat, came in Second, and won the Bridle, of 12 Shillings 

Value; and .Mr. Drummond's Horse, , came in Third, and won 

the Whip. 

"The Second Day, a Silver Soop Ladle, of 45 Shillings Value, was 
run for, the same Ground ; and was won by Mr. Coke's Horse ; Mr. 
Gooch's Horse, Top, came in Second, and won the Bridle, of 12 Shill- 
. ings Value; and Mr. Stanhope's Horse won the Whip. 

"The Third day, a Saddle and Bridle, of about 40 Shillings Value, 
were run for, the same Ground; Mr. Gooch's Horse, Top, came in 
First, and won the Saddle and Bridle; Mr. Drummond's. Horse came in 
Second, and won the Bridle, of 12 Shillings value; and Mr. Booker's 
Horse, Tail, won the Whip." 

Williamsburg, January nth, 1739. "Advertisement. This is to give 



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''^' RACING IX COLONIAL VIRGINIA. 301 

Notice, That there uil! be run for, at Mr. Joseph Seawall's, in Glouces- 
ter County, on the First Thursday in April next, a Purse of Thirty 
Pistoles, by any Horse, Mare, or Gelding; all siz'd Horses to carry 140 
lbs., and Galloways to be allowed Weight for Inches; to pay One Pistole 
Entrance if a Subsciiber, if not. Two; and the Entrance money to go 
to the Second Horse, &c. And on the Day following, on the same 
Course, there will be a Saddle, Bridle, and Housing, of Five Pounds 
Value, to be run for by any Horse, Mare, or Gelding, that never won 
a Prize of that Value Four Miles before; each Horse, &c., to pay Five 
Shillings Entrance, and that to go to the Horse that comes in Second. 
And on the Day following, there is to be run for, by Horses not ex- 
ceeding 13 Hands, a Hunting Saddle, Bridie and Whip; each Horse to 
pay Two Shillings and Six Pence at Entrance, to be given to the Horse 
that comes in Second. Happy is he that can get the lighest Rider. 

" N. B. The Gentlemen that are Subscribers for the Purse, are de- 
sired to pay their money to Mr. William Nelson, at York, or to Mr. 
Ralph Wormeley, of Middlesex." 

About this time was commenced the importation of horses of the 
English racing stock, which came to be called blooded, or thorough- 
bred, and about this time, also, were probably commenced the breed 
ing and keeping of horses especially for racing. Between 1740 and 
1775, are recorded the names of at least fifty horses and thirty mares 
imported into Virginia (and there were probably many others), many 
of them being ancestors of horses on the turf at the present day. 
Among the noted names in these importations were: Aristotle, Babra- 
ham, Bolton, Childers, Dabster, Dottrell, Fearnaught, Jolly Roger, 
Juniper, Justice, Merry Tom, Sober [ohn. Vampire, Whittington, Janus, 
Sterling, Valiant, &c. An interesting memorial of these importations 
is the bill of sale of Fearnaught to Col. John Baylor, which is still pre- 
served by Dr. John R. Baylor, of "Newmarket." The prize was 
1,000 guineas. Among the gentlemen who by these importations laid 
the foundations of our breed of thoroughbred horses, or who were 
interested m breeding and the turf, were: William Smalley, Mr. Mac- 
lin, Captain Wm. Evans, James Gibson, Wm. Lightfoot, of "Sandy 
Point"; Col. John Tayloe, of " Mt. Airy" (members of whose family 
for several generations were active and successful turfmen), Mr., after- 
wards General, Alexander Spotswood, Colonel John Bavlor, of '' New- 
market " ; Col. John Syme, of Hanover county; Nathaniel Harrison, 
of "Brandon"; Sir Marmaduke Beckwith, of Richmond county; Col 
Francis Thornton, of "Society Hill," King George; Col. William 
Byrd, of " Westover " ; Mordecai Booth, of Gloucester ; Daniel McCarty, 
of " Pope's Creek " ; William Fitzhugh, of " Chatham " ; William Brent, 
of " Richland " ; Lewis Burwell, of Gloucester; Ralph Wormeley, of 
" Rosegill "; Richard Lee. James Balfour, of Brunswick county; Cap- 
Littleberry Hardyman, of " Indian Fields," Charles City; Armistead 



108 



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302 - VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Lightfoot, Roger Gregory, William Churchill, of "Wilton"; Edward 
Ambler, of "Jamestown " ; Col Thomas N. Randolph, of " Tuckahoe;" 
Col. John Willis, of Brunswick ; Capt. Henry Harrison, of Sussex; 
Thomson Mason, John Fleming, of Cumberland; Nathaniel Walthoe, 
Samuel Du Val, Col. John Mercer, of "Marlborough"; Francis Whit- 
ing, George Nicholas, Philip L. Lee, of " Stratford " ; George Baylor, 
Landon Carter, John Banister, of " Battersea " ; Mann Page, of " Rose- 
well"; Moore Fauntleroy, Maxamilian Robinson, of Richmond county; 
Wm. Hardyman, James Parke Farley, Robert Goode, of " Whitby " ; 
Benjamin Grymes, Walker Taliaferro, Robert Slaughter, Col. Presley 
Thornton, of " Northumberland House," and his son, Peter Presley 
Thornton, Peter Conway, of Lancaster county; John Baird, of " Halls- 
neld," Prince George; Thomas Minor, of Spotsylvania; George B. 
Poindexter, of New Kent; Wm. O. Winston, of Hanover, and finally 
Col., afterwards President, George Washington, who is stated by the 
Turf Register to have been a steward of the Alexandria Jockey Club, 
and to have run his own horses there and at Annapolis. These names, 
and many others occur in the papers of the period as breeders or 
owners of race horses. Indeed, it may be said that every planter of 
means in Virginia was the owner of more or less "blooded" stock, 
used either for the saddle, harness, or racing. Those at all familiar 
with Virginia names will know that the list just given is full of repre- 
sentatives of the best property, social standing, and political influence 
in the colony. 

There remain, unfortunately, no volumes of the Virginia Gazette for 
the period from 1740 to 1766; but there is every reason to believe that 
the turf steadily increased in favor, and that race horses equally im- 
proved in quality. This period (1740-1766) was one of rapid growth of 
the colony in general, and of the material prosperity of the people; but 
along with this prosperity came an increased taste for luxuries, and 
much greater expenditure and more costly manner of living, which re- 
sulted (in the years immediately precedi ig the Revolution) in the bank- 
ruptcy of many of the best estates of Virginia. The advertising 
columns of the Gazette, and the private acts given in Hening, bear 
full evidence of this. Racing doubtless contributed its full share, 
together with gambling and extravagant habits of living, to produce 
this result. But this is a diversion. 

Though the Virginia Gazette is missing, yet the Maryland paper of 
the same name gives an account of what was, perhaps, the first great 
race run in Virginia, one that doubtless attracted as much interest in 
that day, as the later struggles of Henry and Eclipse, or Boston and 
Fashion. Colonel Wm. Byrd (3d of the name) had issued a challenge 
to run his Chestnut horse, Tryall, against any, for 500 pistoles. (About 
|i,8oo.) The race was run. December 5, 1752, at "Gloucester race 
ground," and was won by the famous mare Selima, belonging to Col. 



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•^ RACING IN COLONIAL VIRGINIA. 303 

Tasker, of Maryland ; Tryall second, Col. Thornton's grey mare third, 
Col. Tayloe's bay mare, Jenny Cameron, fourth, and his Childers dis- 
tanced. 

It appears from subsequent notices, that about 1765 Col. Tayloe's 
Yorick and Traveller were among the leading horses of the day. 

For many years a purse of ;Cioo. four-mile heats, was run for at Wil- 
liamsburg, each spring and fall. On April 24, 1766. Hon. John Tay- 
loe's Traveller, won with ease, beating Col. Lewis Burwell's (of Glou- 
cester) John Dismal, and Mr. Francis Whiting's Janus. On October 
9th, of the same year, Col. Jno. Tayloe's Hero won the same purse, 
beating Col. Byrd's Tryall Valiant, and Mr. Richard Lee's Mark An- 
thony. Race tracks had now become numerous, and we find in the 
Gazette, May i6th, a notice that "On Thursday, was run for at Pride's 
race ground [Perhaps the Newmarket of later days], near Petersburg, 
a purse of /loo, by Col. Lewis Burwell's, of Gloucester b. h. Janus, 
who won the ist heat, Mr. Thos. Randolph's b. h. who was 2d in the 
first heat, and Mr. Geo. Nicholas' b. m. who was distanced. Mr. Ran- 
dolph's horse won the 2d and 3d heats, and it was judged that the 
course was run swifter than it ever was before." 

And on September 12th, of the same year, is the following adver- 
tisement: " On Thursday, Oct. 9th, a purse of /20 will be run for at 
Fredericksburg, by any horse, mare or gelding, not more than one- 
quarter blooded, best [2] of 3 four-mile heats; and on Friday a purse 
of £10. two-mile heats, for any which have no mi.xture of English or 
foreign blood. Weights: 9 stone for horses of 14 hands, and 7 lbs. to 
the inch, above and below." 

This is evidently intended to encourage the breeding of the native 
horse, whicl. doubtless had many good qualities to commend him as a 
riding animal, being described, by the old writers, as small, active, fleet 
and enduring. In size, however, they did not vary from that of the 
early English racehorse, the im-nediate descendent of the A.rab. 
Youatt says " Cartouch, Young Cartouch, Silverleg, Champion and 
Teazer, the two last named contemporaries and antagonists of Regu- 
lus. were only between thirteen and fourteen Lands high. Marske, the 
sire of Eclipse, did not e.xceed fifteen hands." 

In the Spring of 1768 the Williamsburg purse was won by Captain 
Littleberry Hardyman's horse. Partner, beating Col. Richard Lee's 
Mark Anthony (who won the first heat, but broke down the second), 
Col. Lewis Burwell's, of Gloucester. Remus, and Armistead Lightfoot's 
Molly. In the fall Col. Lewis Burwell, of Gloucester, won the purse 
with Remus, beating with ease Mr. Roger Gregory's Dimple. In the 
Spring of the ne.xt year. Captain Littleberry Hardyman again won the 
purse, with Mark Anthony (who was defeated the year before), beating 
Hon. John Tayloe's Nonpariel, and Nathaniel Walthoe's, Esqr., Fanny 
Murrv. 



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304 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. ■'''^■ 

In 1771 the advertisements give an idea of the number of thorough- 
bred horses in Virginia. There are notices of the sale, at Blandford, 
by Augustine Willis, of " about twenty likely blooded horses, mares 
and colts," the property of the estate of Col. John Willis, deceased, ol' 
Brunswick ; and on the 7th of October, at Indian Fields, Charles City, 
of a number of blooded horses, mares and colts, belonging to the 
estate of Littleberry Hardyman, deceased, including Partner and half 
interest in Aristotle ; and in this or one of the years immediately fol- 
lowing are offered for sale fifty head of thoroughbreds, composing the 
stud of Col. John Baylor, deceased, of Newmarket, Caroline. 

Racing during the Colonial period ended with a most successful 
year in 1774. On April 7th the Gazette states, that on Monday pre- 
ceding, a match for 200 guineas was run tor at Fredericksburg between 
Mann Page's, Esq., of Gloucester, horse Damon, and Moore Fauntleroy's 
mare. Miss Sprightly, and was won with great ease by the former. On 
May 2d is an advertisement signed, " Richard Graham," requesting the 
members of the Dumfries Jockey Club to meet on June nth. On April 
aSth, it is stated that Kitty Fisher, belonging to William Fitzhugh, 
Esq , of Chatham, won a subscription purse, and a sweepstakes at the 
last Annapolis races. (From an early period racing was successfully 
carried on in Maryland, especially at Annapolis and Upper Marlborough. 
The Maryland papers show a number of Virginia horses; Col, Tayloe's 
Traveller and Juniper; Wm. Fitzhugh's Regulus, Brilliant and Kitty 
Fisher; Daniel McCarty's Silverlegs (afterwards belonging to Mr. Fitz- 
hugh), and Volunteer; Theoderick Bland's Brunswick; Col. Francis 
Thorntons Merryman; Mr. Spotswood's Apollo, and others, running 
there, with various success; in April is an account of a match for 100 
pistoles, run at Fredericksburg on the 15th of that month between 
Maxamillian Robinson's, Esqr., horse Roundhead, and Moore Fauntle- 
roy's, Esqr., mare, Miss Sprightly, " the heat was doubtful for the first 
two miles, but on the third the horse took the lead, and won hollow."' 
On May 26lh the " Printer" says, "We l.ear from Port Royal that on 
the 17th inst. a purse of 50 guineas was won by Moore Fauntleroy 
Esqr's Miss Alsop." A little later it is noticed that "The subscription 
purse, ^75, was run for at Richmond, on the 12th inst., that being Fair 
day, and was won with ease by Mr. Wm. Hardyman's sorrel mare, 
beating J. P. Farley, Esqr's, mare, and Mr. Halcott Price's mare." The 
"Fair" mentioned was the English "Fair," for the sale of horses, cat- 
tle, &c. On June 9th, the Gazette says: "The May Fair purse, /50, 
was run for at Fredericksburg on the 29th ult., and was won in two 4 
mile heats, by Moore Fauntleroy, Esqr's, b. m., Miss Alsop, beating 
Wm. Fitzhugh, Esq., of Chatham's, gr. m., Kitty Fisher; and on the 
next day Alex. Spotswood, Esqr's, Fearnaught, beat, in three heats, 
Mr. Procter's mare, who won the first." The weights advertised for 
these races, at Fredericksburg, were : 3 years, 96 lbs. ; 4 years, 108 lbs,; 



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"■^-- RACING IN COLONIAL VIRGINIA. 305 

5 years, 120 lbs.; 6 years, 132 lbs.; aged, 140 lbs. On Sept. 22d an 
account is given of a race for the purse of 100 guineas, at Portsmouth, 
the Tuesday before, which was won, after a hard struggle, by Moore 
Fauntleroy, Esqr's, Miss Alsop. 

The political prospect had now become so dark that many persons 
thought that racing should be discontinued. A correspondent of the 
Gazelle, July 21st, signing "A Virginian," recommends that the 
Fredericksburg and Portsmouth Jockey Clubs suspend their meetings 
during the present troubles, and contribute the purses to the people of 
Boston. The former held their meeting during the fall; but after this 
racing seems to have been generally given up, and this is the last re- 
cord of it, which appears before the Revolution. It is likewise the first 
in which summaries appear in regular form. The first days, "Jockey 
Club Plate," 100 guineas, open to members only, was won by Wm. 
Fitzhugh's Regulus, 140 lbs., who won the second and third heats (4 
miles), beating Alexander Spotswood's Eclipse, 108 lbs., who won the 
first heat; Mann Page's Damon, 108 lbs.. Wm. Brent's Figure, 122 lbs.; 
Wm. Fitzhugh's .Master Stephen, 132 lbs., and Moore Fauntleroy's 
Faithful Shepherdess. On the 2d day, a purse of £^0, d, mile heats, 
was won by John Tayloe's Single Peeper, 122 lbs., beating Benj. 
Grymes' Miss Spot, Walker Taliaferro's Valiant, Spotswood's Fear- 
naught, Chas. Jones' Regulus, Procter's Jenny Bottom, Robt. Slaugh- 
ter's Ariel, and Peter Presley Thornton's Ariel. On the third day the 
" Town Purse," 4 mile heats, was won by Wm. Fitzhugh's Kitty Fisher, 
who won the 2d and 3d, beating .Mann Page's Damon, who won the ist; 
Procter's Whitefoot, Fauntleroy's Shepherdess, and Wm. Smith's Why 
Not. On the fourth day was the ''Town and Country Purse," 4 mile 
heats, of which a copy of the summary is given : 

"William Fitzhugh, Esq., of Chathams, ch. g. Volunteer, 

140 lbs 4. 4. I. I. 

Peter Conway, Esq's, gr. m. Mary Gray. 122 lbs 1.3. dis. 

Alex. Spotswood, Esq's, ch. g. Sterling, 122 lbs 3. i. 2. 2. 

Thos. .Minor, Esq's, s. h. Fearnaught, 140 lbs 2.2.2. dis. 

Robt. Slaughter, Esq's, bl. h. Ariel, 132 lbs dis." 

There can be no doubt that there were, during the period 1740-74, 
very many races which were never reported in the Gazelle. Indeed, 
sometimes the Williamsburg races were omitted. 

The Virginia thoroughbred horse soon afterwards became distin- 
guished in a different field— by service in the cavalry, and received 
full appreciation and praise from critics in the hostile forces. During 
the war there were great Io?s and dispersion of valuable stock; but 
sufficient remained to make Virginia, for many years after 1783, par 
excellence, the "race-horse region" of America. 

W. G. S. 

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306 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

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Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents. 



IPrepared by W. G. Stanard.) 



(ii8) Jeremiah Clements [i] son and heir apparent of Elizabeth 
Clements, deceased, 350 acres on the east side of Upper Chippooks 
Creek, and extending east along the main river; due in right of the 
said Elizabeth Clements, his mother, for the adventure of seven per- 
sons into the county, viz: the said Elizabeth Clements, Jeremiah Cle- 
ments, Nicholas Clements, and Ezechiell Clements, her sons, Elizabeth 
Clements, her daughter, and Dorothy Greene and Jefferie Hull, her 
servants, who all came in the George, 161 1. Granted by Harvey, 
August 26, 1633. 

NOTE. 

[i] It appears from another patent that Mrs. Elizabeth Clements 
married, secondly, in or before 1624, Captain Ralph Hamor. The fol- 
lowing notices of the family are trom the records of Surry County, 
where there may be much more in relation to them; deed. INIarch irih, 
1657, from Captain Henry Perry, Esq., who married the " he.'-etri.v; '^ of 
Jeremiah Clements, of Upper Chippoaks. conveying 350 acres to Ed- 
ward Oliver; Francis Clements appointed justice of Surry 1692, and 
was a Burgess in 1693 ; power of attorney, January 3d, 1692-3, from 
Nicholas Meriwether, of James City County, to his brother Francis 
Clements, of Surry ; deed May 9th, 1693, from Nicholas Meriwether, 
of New Kent County (and Elizabeth his wife), conveying to Francis 
Clements 650 acres in Surry, called the Indian Spring ; on April 2:st, 
1695, Captain Francis Clements and Elizabeth, bis wife, and Nicholas 
Meriwether were granted administration on the estate of William Men- 
wether, deceased; in 1695 Francis Clements sold several tracts of land 
in Surry, which he had bought in 16SS, from Godfrey Lee, of Doctors 
Commons [London] gentleman; John Clements appointed an ensign 
in the Surry militia. 16S7 ; will of Francis Clements, dated April Sth, 
1721, proved June 21st, 1721; gives to the vestry of South wark parish, 
the land called the Indian Spring. 650 acres, for a glebe, the same having 
been bought of Major Nicholas Meriwether " by my father Francis 
Clements, deceased," provided the church wardens and vestry paid 
testator's Uncle Captain William Browne, ^'lo; legatees: Uncles Major 
Nicholas Meriwether and Captain William Browne; Cousins William, 
David, Elizabeth, Jane, Sarah and Mary Meriwether, children of ^L''.Jor 
Nicholas Meriwether; Ann, wife of Thomas Johnson; lane Walker; 
Mary, Elizabeth and Anne Browne ; brother Benjamin Clements ; 
brother Thomas Clements, cousins Henry Browne, and William Browne, 
Jr. — mentions mother-in-law [step-mother?], Lydia Clements. 






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ABSTRACTS OF VIRGINIA LAND PATENTS. 307 

(119) John Smith, of Warwicksqueake, planter, 150 acres on the 
southward shore over against Maries Mount [r] near the mouth of 
Nanzemond river, and abutting to the eastward, upon a cedar island ; 
Due, 100 acres for his personal adventure, who came in the Starr, at 
the first coming of Sir Thomas Dale, and the other 50 for the transpor- 
tation of a servant, named Reginald Griffin, in the Bona Nova in 1621. 
Granted by Harvey, August 26th. 163.^. 

NOTE. 

[r] Maries Mount, on James river, in Warwick county, was the plan- 
tation of Daniel Gookin, who brought here a number of settlers from 
Ireland, and afterwards removed to New England. 



(120) John Moone [i], of Warwicksqueake, planter, 200 acres in 
Warwicksqueake, on the easter[y side of Warwicksqueake creek, and 
northerly on a small creek, known as X'irgoes creek [2], and extending 
easterly towards a small creek called Pagan Point creek, [3] — due for the 
transportation of four persons (viz), himself, the said John Moone, and 
George Martin, Julian Hollier, and Clement Thrush, who came in the 
Kaiherine of London, 1623. Granted by Harvey, March 6th, 1633. 

NOTES. 

[i] Captain John Moone was a member of the House of Burgesses 
from Isle of Wight, 1652 and 1654. 

[2] Virgoes Creek, now called Jones', is an affluent of Pagan Creek. 

[3] Now called Pagan Creek, a navigable stream on which the town 
of Smithfield is situated. 



(121) Thomas Davis, of Warwicksqueake, planter, son and heir 
apparent unto James Davis, late of Henrico, in Virginia, gentleman, 
deceased ; 300 acres in Warwicksqueake, on Warwicksqueake Creek; due 
100 acres in right of the said James Davis, his father, an ancient planter, 
for his personal dividend ; 100 acres in right of said James Davis, for 
the transportation of two servants into the Country (vizi George 
Cooke and Alice Mulleins, who came in the Georg in 1617, and 100 
acres in right of Rachel Davis, wife of the said James Davis, for her 
personal dividend as an ancient planter. Granted by Harvey, March 
6, 1633. 



(122) Roger Race, Walter Floyd, Thomas Smith, Silvester 
Talman, carpenters, 400 acres in Martin's Hundred, and on Skiffe's 
Creek. Granted by Harvey, with advice of Council, " for the encourag 
ing of artificers in their professions and callings," April 24th, 1632. 



,\\. 



(123) Henry Coney [i] gentleman, lease of 100 acres at the head of 



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Ic t»69rt 5fl; J6 asisfi r>^ T vawoD virKiaH (e,vi) 



308 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Archer's Hope Creek, "for his extraordinary charges and labors in 
building and clearing at a place called Cone}- borough.'' Granted by 
Harvey, July 25th, 1632. 

NOTE. 

[i] Henry Coney was a burgess for Archer's Hope and the Glebe 
Land, 1629-30, 1632, and 1632-3. Persons of the name lived in York 
county in the latter half of the century. 



(124) Robert Martin, lease of 30 acres for same cause, and also at 
Coney borough. By Harvey, July 24th, 1632. 



(125) John Milnehowse, lease of 40 acres at same place and for 
same cause. By Harvey, July 24th, 1632. 



(126) James Knott [i] of Accomack, planter, who is 'desirous to 
keep a house of entertainment at the mouth of Hampton river in Eliz- 
abeth City County " whereby strangers and others may be well accom- 
modated w'th great ease to the inhabitants in those parts," is granted 
50 acres at the mouth of Hampton river, bounded southerly by a Creek 
which parteth the same from the land of Captain Francis West [2], 
and northerly upon the Glebe Land, together with the house, "com- 
monly called the great howse," [3] and all other houses &c. thereon. 
By Harvey, March 12th, 1632. 

notes. 

[i] It appears from the first volume of the records of old Accomac 
(the only one which has been copied for the State Library) that James 
Knott lived in that county in 1632-35, and that his wife was named 
Eleanor. 

[2] Francis West, born October 2Sth, 15S6, was a son of the second 
Lord Delaware, and brother of Thomas, third Lord Delaware, and of 
Captain John West, Governors of Virginia. He was a member of the 
Virginia Company; came to the Colony with Newport about July, 
1608, and was elected to the Council in August, 1609. In January-, 1610, 
he returned to England ; but came bactc to Virginia in the latter part 
of the same year, and succeeded Percey, when he left, as Commander 
at Jamestown, an office he held many years, as he also did that of 
member of the Council, to which body he belonged from 1619 to 1633. 
On March 22d, 1622, the Indians killed two men on his plantation " at 
Westover, about a mile from Berkeley Hundred." In November, 1622, 
he was commissioned Admiral of New England ; went there in May 
or June, and again in August. He was in New England in September; 
but appears not to have remained long, as he was back in Virginia in 
February, 1624, when he was living at " West and Shirley Hundred 
Island." In the ne.xt year he was living in Elizabeth City, where the 
widow of his brother, Nathaniel West, and her infant son lived with 



:v 803 

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ABSTRACTS OF VIRGIXIA LAND PATENTS. 309 

him. About November, 1627, he was elected Governor of Virginia, 
and continued in office until March 5th, 1629, when, having been chosen 
to go to England as the agent of the Colony, Dr. John Pott was elected 
in his stead. During his stay in England he resisted the planting of 
Lord Baltimore's proposed Colony within the limits of Virginia. He 
returned to Virginia prior to December, 1631, and was present at a 
meeting of the Council February, 1633, after which date there is no 
mention of him in the records. He probably died about that time. 



(127) Assignment from Doctoris Christmas, of Elizabeth City, planter, 
to Lyonell Roulston [i] of the same, gentleman, all his title in a lease 
of 50 acres. Granted by Yeardley in 1627. Witnesses Willi. Clayborne 
and Edward Cage, September 29th, 162S. 

Assignment by Lyonell Roulston, of Keskyacke, gentleman, of the 
same lease, to his " loveing friend John Neale," January 14th, 1630. 
Witnesses Henry Hill and Henry Pennry. 

NOTE. ,.^:. ;.;: ■ , . . -..:♦■. I 

[i] This name appears as Coulston, Goulston and Roulston, the 
latter appearing to be the correct form. The patentee was member of 
the House of Burgesses from Elizabeth City in 1629, and for York, 1632, 
and i632-'3. 



(128) John Neale, merchant [i], lease of 50 acres at the Strawberry 
banks, in Elizabeth City, bounded on the east by the land granted to 
Edward Waters, and now in the occupation of George Downes, gentle- 
man [2], which said land was leased by Yeardley to Doctoris Christ- 
mas, and by a " deed under the hand and seal " of said Christmas con- 
veyed to Lyonell Roulston, and by said Roulston conveyed to Neale. 
Now confirmed by Harvey, February 12th, 1632. 

NOTES. 

[i] John Neale appears, from the Accomac record mentioned above, 
to have lived on the Eastern Shore, and done a large business as a 
merchant between 1632 aad 1639; in 1636 he makes a deposition, and 
states he was then aged about forty years; was a vestryman May, 1636; 
recommended for appointment as sheriff in 1636 and 1639; elected a 
Burgess on October 21st, 1639, and was a commissioner (justice) in the 
same year. 

[2] George Downes was a member of the House of Burgesses for 
"the lower parrish of Elizabeth Citty," February, i63i-'2. and ap- 
pointed a commissioner (justice) for the county at the same session. 
He was again Burgess for the same place in September, 1632. 



(129) William Hampton, planter [i], lease of 50 acres at Buck Roe, 



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310 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

in Elizabeth City, and adjoining the land granted by lease unto John 
Hayney, planter, and also the creek dividing said land from Point Com- 
fort Island By Harvey, March 12th, 1632. 

NOTE. 

[1] In Waters' Gleamings, New Eng. H. and G. Reg., April, 1S94, is 
an abstract of the will of Lawrence Hampton, of London, tailor, dated 
9th Nov., 1627, proved 12th Feb., 1627; he gives to the poor of Twirk- 
enham, Middlesex, 20 shillings; to sister Philadelphia Hampton 20 
pounds; brother \Vm. Hampton 10 pounds, when he returns from 
Virginia, but if he dies abroad, the money to the sister; to father-in- 
law, Thos. Garrett, 20 shillings, &c., &c. ; all of these legacies to bt 
paid out of his lands at Twickenham; to brother-in-law, Henry Rand, 
citizen and joiner, of London, and testators sister Anne, his wife, all 
lands, tenements, &c., at Twickenham. 



(130) Thomas Savadge, carpenter [i], 100 acres on Old Plantation 
creek, at Accomacke, abutting westerly on the land granted Roger 
Saunders, and thence east towards a creek called the Second creek. 
By Harvey, March 14th, 1632, 

NOTE. 

[i] It appears from the records of Accomac that there were at this 
time two persons named Thos. Savadge living in the county, viz : En- 
sign Thos. Savage, and Thos. Savage, carpenter. 



(131) Bridgett Lowther, of Pashbehays, in James City, widow, 
lease of 250 acres on the west side of Chickahominy river, opposite the 
land granted to Bridges Freeman [i], gentleman. By Harvey, March 
i6th, 1632. 

NOTE. 

[i] Captain Bridges Freeman was Burgess for Pashbehay i629-'30, 
for Chickahominy 1632, and for James City 1647. 

Bridges Freeman was justice of James City County in 16S0. 



(132) William Dawkes, of Verina, in the corporation of Charles 
City, planter, lease of 50 acres in Charles City, on the west side of the 
land granted him in 1632, and adjoining the land of Thomas Parker. 
By Harvey, March 15th, 1632. 



(133) James Bonall, vignerour, lease of 50 acres at Buck Roe, in 
Elizabeth City. By Harvey, May Sth, 1633. 



(134) Elias la Guard, vignerour, lease of 100 acres on the western 
side of Harris' creek [in Elizabeth City]. By Harvey, May Sth^ 1633. 



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ABSTRACTS OF VIRGINIA LAND PATENTS. 311 

(135) Elias LA Glard, lease of 12 acres at Buck Roe, in Elizabeth 
City, adjoining the land of William Croney and of James Bonall, 
Frenchman, which land was granted by Francis West, Esq-, to John 
Arundell, gentleman, and assigned by him to said Elias la Guard, Jan- 
uary 20th, 1629. Confirmed by Harvey, April 12th, 1633. 

Annexed is the deed from "John Arundell, of Hampton river." 



(136) Thomas Harvey, of James City, taylor, lease of 50 acres near 
the "Swan Howse creeke neare unto Chickahominy." By Harvey, 
April i2lh, 1633, 



(135) Launcelot Barnes, gentleman [i], lease of 100 acres in Eliza- 
beth City, commonly known as the Indian Thickett, 50 acres whereof 
was lately in the occupation of Samuel Bennett, and 50 in the occupa- 
tion of William Warren. By Harvey, April 12th, 1633. 

NOTE. 

[i] Launcelot Barnes was Burgess for the lower parish of Elizabeth 
City, 1629-30. 



(136) Daniell Shirley, of the neck of land [ij in Charles City, 
planter, lease of 50 acres adjoining the land of William Dawkes. By 
Harvey, April 12th, 1633. 

NOTE. 

[i] It appears from this, and other patents, that this " Neck of Land " 
was Varina Neck, now in Henrico. 



(137) Jacob Averie, gentleman lease of 500 acres on Skiffes Creek, 
250 thereof stretching northerly towards the creek towards Martin's 
Hundred, Southwe-^t towards the lands of Thomas Nowell, &c. (one 
of the line marks named is a spring called Jacob's Well), and the other 
250 lying at the head of said Creek. By Harvey, February 2d, 1630 
[sic]. 



(138) Joseph Hatfield, of Elizabeth City, planter, lease of 50 acres, 
formerly leased to Christopher Windmill in 1628, and assigned to said 
Hatfield by Francis Hough in 1632. Confirmed by Harvey, October 
31st, 1633. 



(139) Leonard Moore, of the Neck of Land, in the upper parts, 
planter, lease of 100 acres on the west side of Four Mile Creek, at its 
mouth, and extending westerly towards Three Mile Creek. By Har- 
vey, March 21st, 1633. 



.-vi 



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312 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZIXE. 

(140) John Ward, of Varinas, planter, lease of 25 acres adjoining his 
own land at the plantation of Varina. By Harvey, March 21st, 1633. 



(141) Henry Coleman, of Elizabeth City, planter, lease of 60 acres 
in Elizabeth City adjoining the plantation called the Indian Thickett; 
also adjoining the ground .e:ranted to James Stockton, minister, de- 
ceased, and the Southampton River; said land was formerly granted to 
Christopher Windmill, deceased, and was assigned to said Coleman by 
Francis Hough, who married the relict of said Windmill. By Harvey, 
May 30th, 1634. 

Annexed is the deed from Francis Hough, January 3rd, 1633; wit- 
nesses: John Robins, Richd Rutherfoord. 



(142) Seth Ward [i], of Verina, in the upper parts, planter, lease 
of 50 acres in Henrico, adjoining the land of Daniel Shurley, and ex- 
tending easterly towards a tree called Powhatan tree, and also abutting 
southerly upon the three mile swamp. By Harvey, May 30th, 1634. 

NOTE. 

[i] Seth' Ward, the patentee, was probably a kinsman of Bishop 

Seth Ward ; but was certainly not his son. He married , and 

had a son, Richard^ Ward, of Henrico, who was a justice of that 

county in 1666, married Elizabeth , and died in 16S2, having 

issue: I. Captain Seth', of "Sheffield," on James river (in the present 
Chesterfield), where he was living in 1691. He was born in 1661, and 

married ; II. Richard^ married Sarah Blackman, and had at 

least one son, Richard*, who removed to Cataret county, N. C, in or 

before 1746 ; III. Edward'', married , daughter of Gilbert Elam, 

Sr.; IV. John', married Hannah ; V. Elizabeth'. 

Captain Seth' and ( ) Ward had issue: I. Benjamin*, of "Shef- 
field," married Anne, daughter of Henry Anderson, and died in 1732 ; 
II. Seth*, married Martha, daughter of Captain John Worsham, and 
died 1734. 

Issue of Benjamin* and Anne (Anderson) Ward: I. Col. Seth*, of 
"Sheffield," and " Wintopock," justice of Henrico, 1745, of Chester- 
field, 1749, sheriff of Chesterfield and member of the House of Bur- 
gesses for that county ; married , and died about 1769; II. Ben- 
jamin^; III. Henrys of Amelia county, alive 1746; IV. Rowland^. 

Issue of Col. Seth^and ( ) Ward: I. Setli^, of "Sheffield"; died 

1774; married Mary Goode, and had (i) Seth^ alive 1772; (2) Lucy', 
married in 175S, Henry Randolph; II. Benjamin®, of " Wintopock," 

Chesterfield, married Mary , and died 1703; III. Mary", born 

1749, died June 24tli, 17S7; married ist, William Brodnax ; 2d, Roger 
Gregory-; IV. Martha^, married James Murray; V. Anne*. 

Issue of Benjamin* and Mary ( ) Ward: I. Seth'; II. Maria', 



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- .- , ) 



ABSTRACTS OF VIRGINIA LAND PATENTS. 



313 



born 17S4, died 1S26 ; married Peyton Randolph. She is remembered 
in the social tradition of Virginia as the object of John Randolph of 
Roanoke's only love. 

Issue of Setli* and Martha (Worsham) Ward; I. Seth^ ; II. Martha^ 
III. Elizabeths 

There were other members of the family in Chesterfield, whose de- 
scent I have not been able to trace. Leonard Ward, of Chesterfield. 
died in 1772. He mentions in his will his wife. Anne, his sister, Sarah 
Walker, brothers Seth, John and William Ward, sister Anne Ligon and 
brother Joseph. 

In Goode's " Virginia Cousins" is an account of the descendants of 
Seth and Mary (Goode) Ward. 

Several members of the family removed from Chesterfield and Hen- 
rico to Amelia, and for a number of years their descendants were large 
landholders there. William Ward, and perhaps others, removed from 
Amelia to Kentucky. 



(143) Thomas Watts, planter, lease of 50 acres in Elizabeth City, on 
a Creek called the Broad Creek and adjoining the lands of Launcelot 
Barnes and Owen Dawson. By Harvey, May 30th, 1634. 



(144) John Tyas. lease of 50 acres on the east side of Chickahominy 
River, adjoining the land of Bridges Freeman. By Harvey, May 30th, 
1634. 



'- (145) Mathew S.mallwood, merchant, lease of 500 acres on Bick- 
nes bay. in Charles City County, bounded on the east by the land 
granted by patent to Captain Nathaniel Powell [i], deceased, now in 
the possession of William Barber, mariner, and thence extending west 
to a Creek which divides it from the land called Chaplin^s Choice [2], 
and abutting northerly on the main river. By Harvey, March 30th, 1634. 

notes. 

[i] Captain Nathaniel Powell, who was. says a contemporary, "born 
a gentleman and bred a soldier." He married a daughter of William 
Tracy (who brought a party oi colonists to Virginia in 1620.., came to 
the Colony in 1607, was appointed to the Council in 1621, and was, for 
a short time. Governor. With all his family he was killed by the In- 
dians in the massacre of 1622. In 1626, Thomas Powell, his elder 
brother, and other brothers and sisters, all in England, petitioned 
the government in regard to his estate. They stated that William 
Powell, who had gotten possession of all of it in Virginia, was no re- 
lation. 

[2] Chaplin's Choice, in the present county of Prince George, was a 
plantation settled by Isaac Chaplin ; was afterwards, as appears by a 



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.-;.•:■ '■■viJl .311 

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314 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

later patent, bought by Anthony Wyatt. member of the House of Bur- 
gesses for Charles City county, and was, about 1690, owned by his son, 
John Wyatt. 



(146) William Conner, of Elizabeth City, planter, lease of 60 acres 
on the back river in said county, about two miles within the narrow of 
said river, on the eastern side of "a damm commonly called the litt'e 
Otter damm," and thence e.xtending easterlv towards the land of 
Thomas Thornbury [i]. By Harvey, Aug. 13th, 1634. 

NOTE. 

[i] Thomas Thornbury, born 1604, came to Virginia in 1616, was a 
servant in 1625, lived a few years in Maryland, and was a member of 
Assembly there in 1649, and was burgess for Elizabeth City, July 1653. 

(147) William Hampton, of Elizabeth City, planter, lease of 100 
acres on the east side of Harris' Creek, in said county. By Harvey, 
Aug. 13th, 1634. 



(14S) Abraham Roote, of Hogg Island in the county of James City, 
planter, 50 acres at a place commonly called "The Rocks " in James 
City County. By Harvey, August 13th, 1634. 



(149) William Stafford [i], of Kethe's Creek, in the county of 

Warwick River, planter, lease of 100 acres on the west side of Kethe's 

;, Creek, about a mile and a half upwards from the mouth, over against 

J. the land now in the possession of William Robinett, and adjoining the 

land of Francis Rookbill. By Harvey, August 20th, 1634. 

NOTE. 

[i] William Stafford afterwards removed to York county. There is 
on record there, dated March 3rd, 1644, the inventory and appraisement 
' of the personal estate of William Stafford, " late deceased," which was 

at Chiskiack in the possession of John Cluverius, clerk, valued at 
30,681 lbs. tobacco, and including 8 negroes. William Stafford was 
born in 1607, and his wife was named Rebena [Hotter.]. Among the 
head-rights to a grant to him in 1635 is Christopher Stafford. Febru- 
ary 2d, 1657, it is Slated in the York records that Joseph Watkins was 
guardian of Humphrey Stafford, son and heir of Christopher Stafford, 
deceased, having married his mother, Elizabeth. In the General Court 
records, 1675. there is mention that Mrs. Beazley, of lames City county. 
in her will, dated 1664, left a negro to her cousin, Mr. Humphrey Staf- 
ford, of Virginia. On September 30th, i68r, Humphrey and John 
Gwyn, in their own right, and as attorneys of Humphrey Stafford, pe- 
titioned the General Court, claiming that they (the three 1 were the 
nearest allied to Colonel [ohn Burnham, deceased of Middlese.x, and 



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ABSTRACTS OF VIRGINIA LAND PATENTS. 



315 



asked to be allowed to bring proof. Another entry in the General 
Court records. July 20th, 1671, shows that Robert Ruffin was guardian 
of the orphans of Benedict Stafford. 



(150) Christopher Branch [i], planter, of Arrowhattocks [2], 
within the county of Henrico, lease of 100 acres adjoining the land 
granied to John Griffin and John Sheffield, and abutting easterlie on 
the main river. By Harvey, October 2olh, 1634. 



NOTES. 



[i] Christopher Branch was a member of the House of Burgesses 
from Henrico, 1639 {Robi?iso}i's Noies). and was the first patentee of 
" Kingsland," in the present Chesterfield county, an estate which was 
owned by many generations of his descendants. An account of the 
family, derived from the records cf Henrico and Chesterfield, &c., <S:c., 
was published in the Richmond Critic. 

[2] Arrowhattocks is laid down on Smith's map as being on the 
north bank of the river, immediately above the present Dutch Gap 
canal. There was afterwards, as appears from the records in Henrico, 
a farm named "Arrowhattocks," owned by members of the Cox 
family, which is believed to be the same as that of the late Mr. Henry 
Cox. 



{151) Gilbert Svmonds, of Elizabeth City, planter, lease of 100 
acres on the old Pocoson river, adjoining the land of John Radon [or 
Rhadonl. By Harvey, October 20th, 1634. 



(152) NiCHOL.^s Harwood [i], cooper, lease of 50 acres on the 
■eastern shore in the county of Accomac. adjoining the land granted to 
William Blore (now in the tenure of William Burdett [2]), being the 
land granted to Roger Saunders, deceased, in 1628, and assigned to 
said Harwood by George Traveller [3]. Confirmed by Harvey, Oct. 
2Qth, 1634. 

NOTES. 

[i] The will of Nicholas Harwood, dated April ist, 1639, and proved 
April 2Sth, 1639, is recorded in the first volume of the old "Accomac " 
records at Northampton C H. He directs that all his debts to Mr. 
Stringer for physic, and Goodman Granger for dyett, &c., shall be paid; 
leaves 500 lbs. of tobacco to his godson, Nicholas Granger, to buy him 
a cow calf; his clothes to Jo. Parke and Jo. Webster; crop of tobacco 
and crop tools to "my boy Stephen;" friend Jo. Tomkin executor; 
Mr. Cotton to make a sermon ; " and soe I leave this Worlde desiringe 
all good people to pray for my Soule's health." 

[2] "Mr. William Burdett" was a commissioner (justice) of Acco- 



218 .?iTK3TAT avTAj Ai'-ioaiv -lo grjAMTeSi 



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SIV 

316 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

mac, 1634-1643, vestryman 1639, member of the House of Burgesses 
1639 {Accomac Records). In April, 1639, a certificate for 1,050 acres of 
land was granted him. The will of William Burdett, gentleman, dated 
July 22d. and proved August 7th. 1643, is recorded at Northampton 
Court House; legatees: only son Thomas Burdett, wife Alice (she had 
been the widow of George Traveller) and friend Jane Jackson ; ^,"5 to 
the lower parish of Northampton for a communion cup and plate, o' 
cup only; son Thomas to have a dozen silver spoons, and his name is 
to be engraved on them; legacies to wife's son George Traveller and 
her daughter Elizabeth. If his brother Richard Burdett should come 
into this country, the overseers of the will are to be helpful to him out 
of the estate. Mr. John Rozier [minister], Captain William Stone 
[afterwards Governor of Maryland] and Mr. Thomas Johnson to take 
especial care of the education of " my tender sonn " Thos. Burdett, 
the son, was alive 1652. The will of Frances Burdett was proved in 
Accomac 1640 or 1641. 

[3] In 1635 George Traveller was granted a certificate by Accomack 
court of the importation of four persons. He had bought from Blore 
the land sold to Harwood. 



ADDENDA " ' 

To Note i. Patent No. 114. 



Au:':rt; 



Thomas^ Robins, of "Point Lookout," in Robins Neck, Gloucester 
county, born 1745, married first Elizabeth Stubbs ; secondly Elizabeth 
Lee Hoomes. Issue: (ist. marriage) i. Tkonias'^ ; 2. James", married 
and had issue ; 3. Armistead^ of King William county; married Susan 
H. Pemberton, and had issue; 4. Elizabeth^ married G. Chandler ; 5. 
Fanny', married J. Borum? 6. Mary'', married Jno. Williams; (2d mar- 
riage) 7. Dr. Joseph Hoomes' ; 8. Benjamin Thomas Claiborne'^. 

I. Thomas Robins', of " Point Lookout^" married Hudson, and 

had issue. 9. William D. S}; 10. Thomas ColemaTi^; 11. Robert C.', mar- 
ried Thruston, and had no issue; 12. Benjamin Franklin*, died 

unmarried; 12a. Ann B. married Robt. S. Heywood, of Gloucester; 

13a. Virginia E. E.*, married Garrett; 2d. Luke; 14a. Emil\* 

married ist, Rootes (and had Thos. R. and Sarah Anne); 2d, 

Hagey ; 15. Virginia, married R. A. Stubblefield. 

7. Dr. Joseph Hoomes' Robins, who lived at various times in North 
Carolina, King William county, Va., and Washington, D. C, married 
(I) Catherine Clayton, daughter of William Robins; (II) Louisa, 
daughter of A. Ashton, of Washington. Issue (ist marriage): 13. 
Russell', died young; 14. Julian Pryor', died without issue; 14. Thos. 
Van Buren^ died without issue, Jan. 20th, 1S76; 15. Dr. William H.% 
removed to Arkansas, married and had issue; 16. Elizabeth Lee', mar- 



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ABSTRACTS OF VIRGINIA LAND PATENTS. 317 

ried Rev. John Bailey; 17. Fedora C.^, married Anderson of King 

and Queen County. 

8. Benjamin Thomas Claiborne' Robins, married first Elizabeth Tal- 
iaferro Broaddus, daughter of William Broaddus, and great-grand- 
daughter of Edward Broaddus, who came to Virginia from Wales ; 
and secondly Sarah Jane Maddox, of Charles City county. Issue (ist. 
marriage): iS. Lalla Rookh*. married Benj. E. Wright, of Essex; 19. 
William Broaddus% of Richmond, married Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. 
Alexander .Mebane, of North Carolina, and his wife Emma Pleasants, 
of Richmond, and had issue: (i) Mary Giles', married H. P. Taylor, of 
Richmond; (2) Wm. Randolph'; (3) Dr. Charles RusselP ; (4) Frank 
Gordon'; 20. Benj. Claiborne Thomas*, died 1S62, without issue ; 21. 
Albert Harleigh^ married Jane F., daughter of Robt. S. Heywcod, and 
had issue: (i) Bunyan', (2) Percis', {3) Claiborne', (4) Harleigh' ; 22. 
Lucella Ruth', married E. T. Winston, now of St. Paul, Minn. (2d. 
marriage); 23. Joseph Hoomes*; 24. Walter Raleigh*; 25. Elizabeth 
Lee-; 26. Benjamin- ; 27. Read Waring*; 2S. Mary Ivy.* 

9. William D. S." Robins, married first Elizabeth Ellett (and had one 
child, Sarah', who married Thomas Cooke, of Gloucester); married 

secondly Gary, and had issue; 29. Benjamin F.' had no issue; 

30. Thomas', married and had issue : 31. Logan', married and had 
no issue: 31a. William, married and had issue. 

10. Thomas Coleman- Robins, of ''Point Lookout," married Amelia 
Armistead. ana had issue: 32. Thomas Armistead', Captain 34th Vir- 
ginia Infantry, C. S. A.; killed near Petersburg in 1S64 ; married Par- 
gaud, of Petersburg; t,2,. Wm. Augustus', married Flora E. Harwood, 
of Gloucester, and had issue ; 34. Robert Coleman', married Lelia W. 
Buford, of Brunswick, and had (i) Lucy Armistead'"; (2) Margaret 
Buford^"; (3) Fanny Coleman; 35. Mary Ann', married John M. Thrus- 
ton, of Gloucester ; 36. Amelia Emeline, married Thos. S. Stubblefield, 
of Gloucester. 

Page 187, line 3 from bottom, another account states that William' 
Robins married Elizabeth Coleman of Caroline county. Page 1S8 line 
7, Jane^ Robins married T. C. Amory. Page iSS, line ir, for Walling- 
ton read Watlington. Page iSS, line 24, John^^ Robins married (accord- 
ing to another account) Elizabeth Thruston, of Gloucester. Page 188, 
line 30, all of the children of Augustine W.* Robins, except Wm. T.', 
were by the second marriage. Page 1S8, line 2 from bottom, for 
"(Morson)" read "(Seddon)." Page 189, line i, for " Seddon " read 
" Morson." ttrri-n :■ 






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318 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. '^'^'^ 

«>-, ^J<;D.-JOo cuunty, Scv' >- • J7j.v "f- acr-s, Non'.i 

GENEALOGY. '^'^ • 

THE FLOURNOY FAMILY. ' ''"''' 



Compiled by Flournoy Rivers, Esq., Pulaski, Tenn. 



Corrections and Corroborations. — The old Manakin Parish 
Register referred to by Bishop Meade— page 206, October Magazine — 
is now owned by R. A. Brock, Richmond, and is the same printed in 
"The Huguenot Emigration." 

The Will-Book containing Samuel Flournoy's will — same page— is 
No. I— Not "I," Powhatan C. H.; Thomas, of Prince Edward, was 
born Novenber 20th, 173S, not November aSth— page 200; Rev. Robert 
Henry, who founded Briery Church. Prince Edward county, page 201, 
was the great grandfather of the John Flournoy Henry, page 202; 
Sheriff David's will, page 198, is set out in Will-Book "A," page 14, 
Farmville, Va.; Robert, son of Matthews, who ran away from his 
father and went to Georgia— page 203— settled in Jefferson county. 

In the record in John James Flournoy and wife vs. Martin, set out 
in the July and October Magazines, she is designated as " Elizabeth." 
So she is named in the Geneva Flournoy Genealogy. The order of 
probate of her will— July Magazine, page S5— speaks of her as "Mary," 
and in Galiffe's Genealogy she is called " Mary," though the other 
designations agree, viz : Her maiden name " Williams " and '' widow of 
Orlando Jones," as in the Flournoy family-book. Perhaps her name 
was " Mary Elizabeth." The probate of Jean Jacques Flournoy's will, 
at Richmond, shows he never removed from Henrico county. 

The Land-Office Records. 

So grossly inaccurate is page 193 of the October Magazine that the 
Land-Office records are reprinted. 

Jacob Florenoy, Henrico county, March 23, 1715, 133 acres, South 
side of James River. 

Francis Flournoy, Henrico county, Feb. 20, 1723, 400 acres, North 
side of Swift Creek. 

Francis Flournoy, Henrico county, July 9, 1724, 400 acres. North side 
of Swift Creek. 

Francis Flournoy, Henrico county, July 9, 1724, 400 acres, North side 
of Swift Creek. 

Francis Flournoy, Henrico county, July 9, 1724, 400 acres. North side 
of Swift Creek. 



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^'^'^ THE FLOURNOY FAMILY. " ' 319 

Francis Flournoy, Henrico county, Sept. 20, 1745, 120 acres, North 
side of Tomahawk. 

Francis Flournoy, Henrico county, Sept. 20, 1745, 198 acres, West 
side of Tomahawk. 

Francis Flournoy, Henrico county, Sept. 20, 1745, 1,821 acres, But- 
ternwood Road and Otter Branch. 

Francis Flournoy, Henrico county, Sept. 20, 1745, 181 acres, East side 
of Trabue's Branch. 

Francis Flournoy, Henrico county, March 20, 1745,400 acres. Between 
the lines of Edward Hill, said Flournoy & John Moore. 

Francis Flournoy, Henrico county, Aug. 20, 1747, 391 acres, South 
side of James River. 

Francis Flournoy, Henrico county, Aug. 5, 1751, 120 acres, West 
Branch of Dry Creek. 

John James Flournoy, Henrico county, Jan. 22, 1723, 400 acres. North 
side of Swift Creek. 

John James Flournoy, Henrico county, Jan'y 3, 1725, 1,600 acres, 
North side of Swift Creek. 

Daniel Stoner & John James Flournoy, Goochland county. June 16, 
1738, 400 acres. Both sides of Polecat Branch. 

Daniel Stoner & John James Flournoy, Goochland county, June 16, 
1738, 300 acres, Adjacent to the North side of Swift Creek. 

Daniel Stoner & John James Flournoy, Goochland county, June 16, 
173S, 400 acres. At head of Steep Branch of Swift Creek. 

Daniel Stoner & John James Flournoy, Goochland county, June 16, 
1738, 400 acres. Both sides of Lower Manacan Creek. 

Daniel Stoner & John James Flournoy, Goochland county, June 16, 
1738, 400 acres, North Branches of Swift Creek. 

Daniel Stoner & John James Flournoy, Goochland county, July 20, 
1738, 229 acres. North Branches of Swift Creek. 

Daniel Stoner & John James Flournoy, Goochland county, July 20, 
1738, 200 acres. Both sides of Lower Manacan Creek. 

Daniel Stoner & John James Flournoy, Goochland county, July 20, 
173S, 400 acres, Both sides of Steep Branch of Swift Creek. 

Daniel Stoner Sc John James Flournoy, Goochland county, July 20, 
1738, 400 acres, South branch of Dittoy's Branch of Upper Manacan 
Creek. 

David Flournoy & Philoman Halcomb (Sheriff David of Prince 
Edward ? F. R.), Amelia county, Aug. 16, 1756, 1,000 acres, North side of 
Bryer River. 

Land Office, Richmond, Va. 

I hereby certify that the foregoing is a true copy from the records of 
this office. Witness my hand and seal of office this 30th Novb., 1894 

W. R. Gaines, 
. ^ Reg'r of Land Office. 



§18 .YJIW/.'? YO'/L^IUOJ^ 3HT 

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320 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

The Chesterfield Flournovs. 

"Some imperfect memoranda from Chesterfield Court-house" are 
given on page 212, October Magazine. The abstract of Francis 
Flournoy's will is, like the Land-Office record on page 193, grossly 
inaccurate. The other will, marriages, etc., etc., are correct except 
for some omitted deeds, especially in books 5, 12, 13, 14, 15. and 
17— not especially valuable. Deed-Book 5 shows that by six deeds, of 
date June :S, 1765, Franci"^ Flournoy gave 200 acres each, to his sons 
Francis, Jr., William, Gipson, Josiah, Jacob and James. 

"An Inquisition taken on Laurence Flournoy being ret'd and it appear- 
ing that the said Laurence is a Lunatic and incapable of taking care 
either of his person or Estate : Ordered that \Vm. Flournoy, Jr., Ed- 
ward Moseley and Edward Friend do take charge of the said Laurence 
and his Estate and account for the same agreeable to law." Decem- 
ber Court, 17S5. 

This was Lorance, son of Francis, Jr. He suffered from a recurrent 
dementia, as deeds in 1796 show he transacted business, but in Fayette 
county, Kentucky, he was again adjudged lunatic in 1809.^ 

Jno. F. Flournoy and Mary Ashurst, of Chesterfield county, married, 
1787, by Rev. Geo. Smith. 

Francis Flornoy's Will. 

(Will-Book, No. 2, page 262, Chesterfield C. H.) 

This is a methodical document of fourteen "items," with an intro- 
duction " In the Name of God Amen, this Thirteenth Day of April, in 
the year of our Lord Christ One Thousand Seven Hundred and 
Seventy, I, Francis Flournoy, of Chesterfield County, being weak in 
Body but of Perfect Mind and Memory, Do make and ordain this my 
last Will and Testament in manner and form following " " Imprimis "— 
lor use and Maintenance of beloved wife Mary, four negroes, Jenn, 
Sukey, Bett and Sail— all his Personal Estate and use of Plantation he 
lives on Dureing her Life ; after her Deceise Personal Estate except 
negroes, equally between Children and their Heirs ; To daughter Mary 
first child. " Born from my wench Bett after the Date of these Presents 
that lives to be a year old." 

The same to daughter Jean (Jane) "from my wench Sail"; to son 
Jacob, Two Hundred Acres adjoining what he had already Deeded to 
him. Bounded by Tomahawk, Jenetooe Road, Crossing the Hundred 
Road, adjoining brother Frank's line to my back line and to son Wm's 
line, on it back to Tomahawk, negro boy Hall and negro wench Jenn 

* The inquisition shows that Lorance Flournoy owned 570 acres of land, 25 negroes. 
valued at ^1,807, nine head of horses, sixteen head of cattle, thirty head of sheep and 
eighty hogs. 



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'^^^ THE FLOURNOV FAMILY. 321 

after his mother's Deceise, also Half of Hundred Acres held in Swamp 
adjoining Swift and Deep Creeks, half of Six Acres near Warwick, 
adjoining Colo. Byrd's, also Hundred Acres west side Tomahawk 
adjoining Trent. To son Francis, Two Acres adjoining land already 
Deeded him, and Jacob's, Trabue's, also Half the Hundred Acres in 
the Swamp, half of the Six acres adjoining Colo. Byrd's. To son Wil- 
liam, Three Hundred Acres on Otter Branch including Plantation John 
Tlllotson now lives on adjoining James, Gipson and Josiah, Negro Boy 
Ned ; to son Gipson, 300 acres south Side Otter Branch including 
Plantation McFarlin lives on " bounded by lines adjoining son James 
and William as by me made,'' Negro Boy Jemboy ; to son James, 350 
acres adjoining lines of Ashurst, Wooldridge Ellison and son Gip- 
son— Negro Jack, and after wife's Deceise " One Half the whole value 
of my wench Sukey"; to Josiah, 300 acres including Plantation on 
both sides Jenetoo Road adjoining William, Two Negroes Caesar and 
Sail " E.xcepting as is above E.xcepted"; To use and Benefit of Daugh- 
ter Sarah one Negro Rachall Dureing her life, at her Deceise Rachall 
and her Increase equally divided between Sarah's Children, also after 
wife's Deceise one-fourth Part of the Valuation of Wench Sukey ; To 
Benefit and maintenance of Daughter Martha, Two Negroes Jenn and 
Bett, which Negroes and their Increase, " Excepting as is above Ex- 
cepted," at her Deceise equally divided between her children — as 
above, to Martha after Deceise of her Mother one-fourth Valuation of 
Wench Sukey; Five Hundred acres on the Heads of Otter Branch 
adjoining Josiah Flournoy, Basses Elams, Gipsons and Ashurst equally 
divided in quantity between sons James, Gipson, William and Josiah; 
to Grandson Francis, son of Jacob, one Slave, Amee; to Grandson 
Lorance, son of Francis, Two hundred and fifty acres on Heads of 
Horsepen and Spring Branch of Tomahawk; To Grandson James, son 
of James, One Negro Girl Fanny; to sons Jacob, Francis, James, Gip- 
son, William and Josiah Ten acres adjoining the Rocks Cal'd the 
Dumpiins on both sides Nut tree Road " with all Priviiedges of making 
•what advantages they shall think fitt in and to a supposed Mine." Di- 
rects no appraisement taken of his estate, appoints sons Jacob and 
Francis Executors, revokes all former wills. " In witness," etc., the day 
and " yeare " above written. 

francis flornoy. 

"Signed, sealed, pu'olished and declared in presents of Edward 
Friend, Edmond Wooldridge, Francis Dickenson."' 

The will of Josiah Flournoy, son of Francis, Sr., dated May 25, 1S16, 
Will-Book No. 9, page 209, Chesterfield C. H., Virginia, mentions nine 
children: John, F'rancis, Obadiah, Samuel, Mary Baugh, Susanna Simp- 
son, Tabitha Sneilings, Judith Flournoy, and Ann Winfree. Among 
other bequests, the mine tract, alluded to in the will of Francis, is given 
to Samuel Flournoy. 



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322 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

[Note— Tiiis proved to be a silver mine, probably of very little 
value. R. W. F.] 

The following is obtained from an old Family Bible in possession of 
Rev. Parke P. Flonrnoy, Bethesda, Maryland: 

Josiah Flournoy, born Sept. 3. 1741, married Ann , Feb. 24, 

1763. died July 15, 1S19. 

His son Samuel, born May 17, 1778, married Phebe , Aug. 16, 

1804. died June 15, 182S. 

Children o{ 6'a;;/?^i?/ Flournoy : James Francis, Richard W., Mary A., 
Samuel A., Eliza T, Josiah, John E., Robert D., William G., Phebe E., 
and Edmund H., the Circuit Court clerk at Chesterfield C. H. 

1. James F"rancis FlournoV was born June lo, 1805, and married Julia 
A. P Bass, March 28, 1836. 

2. Richard \V. Piournoy, Sr., was born Nov. 16, 1806, married Sarah 
Parke Poindexter, June 2, 1S36, and died Nov. 29, 1S57. Their children 
are Parke Poinde.xter, Richard W., Eliza A, James Francis, Samuel L., 
A. Ellen, and two who died in infancy. 

(This ends Family Bible record, but much data given of this line will 
be used hereafter ) 

The Flournoy Arms. 

Mr. Edward Flournoy has sent from Geneva both the ancient and 
the modern coat of arms. 

It was at first hoped that the full text of the Geneva Genealogy, as 
compiled by Gideon, the brother of Jean Jacques, during the years 
1732 to 1760, mig'it be printed, but investigation shows it, with its 
accompanying documents to be entirely too voluminous for the pres- 
ent publication. However, the dates of birth and death, marriage and 
baptism, etc., etc., of the ascending line should not be lost, as they 
constitute a record. 

Hereafter a way may, perhaps, be found to print it by private effort. 

Mr. Edmond Flournoy suggests that instead of their voluminous pri- 
vate record, the outline genealogy, prepared by a celebrated Genevan 
genealogist, J. A. Galiffe, be printed. 

The title of the work is "Some Genealogical Accounts of Genevan 
Families, from the Earliest Times to the Present Day; by J. A. 
Galiffe, C G.; Volume III, Geneva, 1836," see pages 213-222. He sends 
Volume III. 

After a preliminary statement that " Flournois or Flournoy is a vil- 
lage of 30 households in Champagne, between Joinville and St. 
Dizier," GaliflTe gives the arms which follow. 

Being ignorant of the technical terms, the compiler has not ventured 
to render a translation, but submits the original French. 

Armes: d'azur au chevron d'argent, accompagne en chef de deux 
fleurs, ou chatons de noyer, et en pointe d'une noix pendante, du meme. 



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''''■ THE FLOURXOY FAMILY. ' 323 

Un M. Flournois etabli en Angleterre en i703,portait le chevron accom- 
pagne de trois noix tig^es et feuillees. 

Le premier Flournoy connu d Gentve portait le chevron accompagne 
de deux chatons tiges et feuillos en chef, et d'une croisette tichee en 
pointe, avec un chef charge d'une semblable ct-oisette entre deux 
chatons tiges et feuilles. 

The first reference is evidently to the Peter Flournoy mentioned in 
"Agnevv's Exiles "—in the July Magazine, pages 81-2, whose descent is 
traced in the genealogy; the second is to Laurent. 

With the MS. genealogy Mr. Edmond Flournoy sends drawings of 
the arms, ancient and modern. 

"Ancirunes Armes, portees en France ; D'Azur, a, 3 chatons de 
noyer d'or, poses en pal ; au chef d'argent." 

" NouvELLEs Armes; ordinairement portees a Geneve ; D'Azur, au 
chevron d'argent, accompagne en chef de 2 chatons de noyer, et en pal 
d'une noix pendante du meme." 

The device on the scroll under each plate is " Ex Flore Fructus." 
He writes that he has something to add in a future letter concerning 
the ancient arms. He likewise sends drawings of the arms said to have 
been removed from the house of the Flournoys at Attancourt, Cham- 
pagne, which house, with the lands, was sold after Laurent's flight. 

The opening sentence of the Geneva Genealogy is " The lands which 
Laurent Flourno" owned near Vassy in Champagne, and which he 
abandoned because of the massacres on account of religion, are situated 
in four jurisdictions, known as the jurisdictions of Attancourt, Mag- 
neux, Brousseval and Fiornoy, each about a league from each other." 
The name appears "Fleurnoy," " Flournoy," " Flournois," ''Fiornoy." 
The use of the words " fleur," "' noyer "' and " noi.x " shews the original 
derivation and meaning of the name. Laurent had older brothers, 
Claude, Nicholas and a sister, name unknown — all remained Romanists 
but him. From Nicholas — it is supposed from the parish record at 
Joinville— descends Anne Ernestine, married to Joseph Phillipe, resi- 
dent in the village of ' Fiornoy ' when Mr. Edmond Flournoy visited the 
hamlet in iSSS. Mr. Louis Fiornoy, a naval outfitter at Nantes, is 
thought to be of this descent likewise. Mr. Flournoy sends a map of 
these villages, photographic views taken in the village and at Vassy, 
the locality of the massacre, a picture of it, etc., etc. The names of 
the villages appear as Alaincourt, Bronzeval, Flournoy in Galiffe. 

Some Cumberland-Powhatan Data. 

Leave is given Samuel Flournoy, Peter Salley & Daniel Perro to lay 
open a railing road from the said Flournoy's house into the Buckingham 
road by Thomas Smith's, and they are discharged from working on the 
road this year. Order-Book, No. i, page 174, Nov'r Court, Cumberland 
County, 1750. 






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S24 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Flournoy's Will. 

I, James Smith, being proprietor of the land on said Samuel Flour- 
noy's mill-pond, I, the said Smith, doth give the said Flournoy and his 
heirs free liberty to raise his dam to any height that he or his heirs 
shall think proper, provided they don't drown my spring that I now 
use, and at any time I do oblige myself, my heirs and assigns in the 
sum of /"ao, to be paid by the person who shall hinder the said Flour- 
noy from raising his dam as above mentioned. 

I grant this liberty for value received. 

Given under my hand this 4th day of Feb'y, 1762. 

(Signed) James Smith. 

Recorded in Cumberland County Court, Clerk's Office, June 2Sth. 
1762, in D. B. 3, page 2S7. 

Is this Woodberry or Winfree's mill now ? The late Judge Dabney, of 
Powhatan C. H., thought Woodberry's mill was meant, but later infor- 
mation is that it is Winfree's mill, owned now by Peter A. Sublett, of 
Richmond. 

Did Jean Jacques establish the mill ? 

It has been stated that some fifteen years ago, when Winfree's mill 
was repaired, the iron stamp, "J.J. Flournoy," used as a trade mark, 
was found. 

Many references to the mill and mill-pond occur in the deeds. 

Samuel Flournoy's executors, viz: Wm. Harris and Anthony Martin 
of Powhatan Co. & Thomas Flournoy of Prince Edward Co., to Gid- 
eon Flournoy of Powhatan Co. — whereas, Saml. Flournoy by his will 
devised to his son Gideon a tract of land containing 475 acres during 
his life, and empowered his e.xecutors to make him title in fee simple 
provided said Gideon should marry and so demean himself that there 
should not be probability of his wasting his estate etc. — therefore they 
convey said land to said Gideon. January 20, 17S5. D. B. i, p. 670, 
Powhatan C. H. 

Silas Flournoy recommended as Ensign in the Seventh Company 
District (Militia) by the County Court of Powhatan— April Term, 1796. 

David Flournoy petitions the Powhatan County Court at the June 
Term, 1796, for leave to erect a mill on Jones' Creek and Mathews' 
branch. Petition granted. (Is this Woodberry or Winfree's mill now ? 
F. R.) 

Ish'am Britton, of Halifax county, executed bond for license to marry 
Elizabeth Julia, daughter of Samuel Flournoy, of Powhatan, May r, 1786. 

Jacob Flournoy, Sen'r, of Chesterfield county, to his son Henry Flour- 
noy, 150 acres in Powhatan county, adjoining Isaac Sallee etc. April 
15. ^795- Deed-Book 2, page 12S. 

Henry Flournoy executed bond for license to marry Elizabeth Wat- 
kins, daughter of Edward Watkins, Dec. 5, 1796. Married Dec'r 10, 
1796, by Rev. George Smith. 



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THE FLOURNOY FAMILY. 325 

Henry Flournoy, dec'd, his estate divided and dower assigned to 
Mrs. Elizabeth Lane, his widow. Feb. 24th, 1S06. Will-Book Xo. 3, 
page 2S0. 

George Flournoy & Henry Flournoy, orphans ot" Henry Fiournoy, 
deceased, their guardian's bond. Sept. 19, iSoi. Will-Book Xo. 2, p. 
297. 

Jordan Flournoy and Judith Farrar were married by Rev. Charles 
Hopkins, April ist, 1792. 

Evidently his first wife, as his will refers to " my late. wife, Sarah." 

Moreover, David Flournoy and Elizabeth, his wife, and Jordan Flour- 
noy and Sarah, his wife, made a deed to Joseph Haywood, 200 acres in 
Powhatan county, near the canal of the Powhatan Cotton Factory, Aug. 
16, 1S21. Who was this wife and when were they married ? 

His descendants removed to Western Kentucky, Paducah, etc. 

Jordan Flournoy and Jno. Harris ex'rs of Thomas Flournoy, dec'd, 
in conformity with his will emancipate certain slaves. March 19, iSoo. 
D. B. 2, p. 642. 

Thomas Flournoy, dec'd ex'rs ace. Sept. 16, iSor. Will-Book Xo. 
I, p. — . 

Marriage bond executed by Benj. Layne for license to marry Elizabeth 
Flournoy. Powhatan C. H., Feb'y 7th, 1S04 

Thomas B. Bowles and Rebecca Fieurnoy were married July 12, 1815, 
by Rev'd John Wooldridge. 

Samuel H. Fieurnoy and Maria Harris were married Sept. 6th, 1S12, 
by Rev. Jno. Wooldridge. 

Peter Dupuy, and Margaret his wife, David Flournoy, Jordan Harris, 
T. P. Bowles and Christopher Bates. Articles forming a company for 
the purpose of erecting suitable buildings and necessary machinery for 
carrying on the spinning business on a parcel of land on Jones Creek 
containing 13 acres. June 19, 1S16. D. B. 5, p. 511. 

John Flournoy of Powhatan Co. to James Thompson of Garrard Co., 
Kentucky. Power of Attorney to sell his (John's) lands in Kentucky, 
held by virtue of Treasury Warrants Xo. 740S and 7409. Feb'y ist, 
1816. D. B. 5, p. 393. 

List of Warrants Issued from the Land Office of Virginia, 
FROM Military Records. 

Jacob Flournoy, book i, page 143, Warrant 696, May 31, 1783, 100 
acres, Private in State Artillery for three years. 

Samuel Flournoy, book i, page 300 Warrant 1574, Aug. 15, 17S3, 200 
acres, Sergeant in the Continental Line for three years. 

Land Office, Richmond, Va. 
I hereby certify that the foregoing is a true copy from the records of 
this ofRce. Witness my hand and seal of office this 30th Xovember, 
1894. W. R: Gaines, Register Land Office. 



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326 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Virginia Public Documents, published by authority, 1S35 ; No. 43 is 
"A List of Non-Commissioned Officers and Soldiers of the Virginia 
State Line; Non-Commissioned Officers and Seamen and Marines 
of the State Navy, whose names are on the Army Register, and who 
have not received Bounty Land for Revolutionary services." 

On page S appears this entry : ;; 

" Samuel Flournoy — Seargent — Infantry." 

No. 44 is "A list of non-commissioned officers and soldiers of the 
Virginia State Line on Continental Establishment, whose names ap- 
pear on the Army Register, and who have not received Bounty Land." 

On page 17 appears : 

" John Flournoy — Soldier — Infantry." 

Judge Dabney, in his "Huguenots" heretofore quoted, mentions the 
murder of one La Prade, of Huguenot descent, in Powhatan. J. E. 
La Prade in 18S0 made a map of Powhatan " by order of the 
County Court." By a curious transformation " Sallee's Creek," is 
spelled '• Sally's " Creek on this map. 

Middle Tennessee Flocrno/s. 

Silas Flournoy & Martha, his wife, of Powhatan Co., to Jordan 
Flournoy, 400 acres land in Powhatan Co., on Jones' Creek, adjoining 
said Jordan Flournoy, David Flournoy, etc. It being the land & planta- 
tion wherein Samuel Flournoy, father of said Silas & Jordan, lived. 
April 25th, 1799. D. B. 2, p. 583, County Court, Clerk's Office, Powha- 
tan. C. H 

This place is yet entered as " Farmington " on La Prade's map — as 
fornjerly. Here Samuel Flournoy, son of Jean Jacques, is probably 
buried, as there are on the place two burying grounds with many 
graves, but no gravestones. When Silas Flournoy married Martha 
Cannon is not known. She was the daughter of the William Cannon, 
of Buckingham county, set out on page 195, "Huguenot Emigration," 
though not of that Cocke marriage. Her mother was Cannon's first 
wife, Sarah Mosby, daughter of Col. Llttleberry Mosby— his Netherland 
marriage — sometime of Fort Hill plantation, Powhatan. The state- 
ment, page 195, that Cannon's two sons of his second marriage " emi- 
grated to the West," is true. He and they came to Tennessee with 
Flournoy after his second wife's death. He removed to Caldwell 
county, Ky., about 1S20, and soon died ; is buried in a rural burying 
ground on the "Catlett" or "Bennett" place — an unmarked grave- 
C. C. Cannon, of Rush, and W. W. Cannon, of Bridgeport, Texas, de- 
scend from his son John J. William was his other son. 

The Buckingham records were destroyed by fire. Silas Flournoy 
may have sojourned there before gomg " west." The records in the 
office of Register of Deeds of Davidson county at Nashville, Tenn., 
show that on March 4, 1S07, Williams conveyed to him as Silas Flour- 



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THE FLOURXOY FAMILY. 327 

noy of " Buckingham County, Va.," sggjz acres, south side of the 
Cumberland, near the mouth of Stone's River fur 53.07I-56, Deed- 
Book "G," page 328. 

May 26, iSio, he was still " of Davidson County," Deed-Book " I," 
page 18, as he was on May 20, 1S17, when he sold his first purchase to 
Sims for $9,000 cash, Deed-Book " L," page 235, and on Aug't 13, 1817, 
he was of the " county of Giles (this), State of Tennessee." Deed- Book 
" H," page 292, Nashville. Deed-Book " E," pages 72-75 at Pulaski, 
show purchase in 181S-1S19, and a plateau, " Locust Hill." 2 miles N. E. 
of Pulaski, now on the Cornersville Pike— desiring the elevation 
because of an asthmatic disease that caused him to sell his bottom- 
lands on Cumberland River. In politics he was an ardent "Jackson 
man" — lived close to the Hermitage; and in religion an Episcopalian 
as, may be said generally speaking, is his line. It is not supposed he 
made a will (our will-books were destroyed by the Civil War), Deed- 
Book " E " shows many gifts to his children during his last months, of 
negroes, personalty, etc. He died May iS, 1822. and is b'lried there 
with several of his family. He lost his wife in Davidson county, and 
she is buried on that farm. 

Silas Flournoy's children were: (i) Eliza, born Nov. iS, 1794. married 
Alfred M. Harris, of the Pulaski Bar, who was the first judge of this 
(then 6thj Circuit when the same was created in 1817. She died Ap'i 
16, 1829. Judge Harris died Feb'y 21, 1S28, and of their 3 children 
Martha m. Jerome Pillow, died childless ; Alfred H , married Martha 
Jones, killed— childless — at Shreveport, La.; Eliza went to Shreveport, 
La., with her uncle, married there Watson, and left children. 

12) AlfreJ married Miss Martha Moore, who died childless in 1834, 
at Pulaski ; married 2d, Mrs. Maria Ward Yerger, born Camp, daughter 
of Dr. John Hamlin Camp, of Giles county, Speaker of the Tennessee 
House of Representatives, 1827, died 1829. Removed to Caddo Par- 
ish, N. W. La., about 183 — , died there 1S73. His children 

Martha, married McCrane; Rachel Jackson, married Wilson; Alonzo, 
married Mary Patteson ; William, married Bettie Armstrong, James, 
married Helena Sibley; Alfred, married Theo. Jones; David killed, 

as a youth, by a horse ; Charles, married ; Mary Camp, married 

Sibley; Pattie, married Suratt. He served in the War of 1812 as 3d 
Lieutenant 44th Regiment Infantry, U. S. A., Col. G. T. Ross, from 
November 2d, 1814, to May 17th, 1815. He joined this regiment in 
Louisiana, having left home as an aide to his tather's neighbor and 
friend. General Andrew Jackson. He lost a leg at Pensacola, and after- 
wards studied medicine. The P. O. of " Flournoy," Caddo Parish, 
La , is named for him. 

(TO BE CONTINUED.) 



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328 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Necrology of Virginia Historical Society, 1894. 

Robert Charles Winthrop was born in Boston, May 12th. 1809, 
a year famous for the birth of Lincoln, Holmes and Gladstone. Hered- 
ity, as a potential influence over individuals, may not be so readily 
recognized as over races and nations. Mr. Winthrop vvas the si.xth in 
descent from John Winthrop, the first Governor of the Massachusetts 
Colony. John Winthrop, Jr., and Fitz John Winthrop, his son, of the 
same family, were Colonial Governors of Connecticut. Thomas Lin- 
dall Winthrop, the father of the subject of this sketch, among other 
positions of honor, was Lieutenant-Governor of Massachusetts from 
1S26 to 1832. The grandmother of .Mr. Winthrop was the daughter of 
Sir John Temple and the granddaughter of James Bowdoin. a Revolu- 
tionary patriot, and the second Governor of the Commonwealth. 
From such an honored ancestry came Robert C, who was distinguished, 
during life, by his intense loyalty to his native State, and his devotion 
to her honor and welfare. After leaving the Boston Latin School he 
entered Harvard College, and was graduated at the age of nineteen as 
one of the three highest in scholarship. The college of which he was 
for many years an overseer, conferred on him the degree of LL.D., an 
honor also awarded by Bowdoin College and Cambridge University in 
England. After graduation, he read law in the office of Daniel Web- 
ster, was admitted to the bar, but never practiced his profession. 

Equipped with the best academic and collegiate training, endowed 
with rare social advantages, stimulated by descent from a noble stock, 
he soon entered politics and became an ardent advocate of the meas- 
ures and principles and a trusted leader of the old historic Whig party. 
In that organization, at that day, were jurists, statesmen and writers 
of preeminent intelligence ^nd patriotism. In the Legislature, to 
which he vvas elected when a young man, by tongue and pen he took 
such prominence, that he was chosen three times as Speaker of the 
House. In 1S40, from the city of Boston, then, as now, distinguished 
for wealth, progressive enterprise, culture and scholarship, he was 
chosen as Representative in Congress, and in the discussions on ail 
the great questions which divided parties and invited legislation, he 
participated with remarkable sagacity and ability. In 1S47 he was 
elected .Speaker. There have been a large number of able men with 
peculiar fitness called to the Speakership, but no one of these was 
superior to Mr. Winthrop. He was noted for his urbanity, courtesy, 
firmness, impartiality, knowledge of parliamentary law, and for up- 
holding the rights and prerogatives of the House as the special guard- 
ian of the liberties of the people. 

When Mr. Webster became Secretary of State, that staunch old 
patriot, Governor Briggs, appointed Mr. Winthrop United States Sena- 



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350 , '/!:■ XECROLOGY. 'iV vTlvi. 3£9 

tor. By a coalition of Free SoilL-rs and Democrats, the Whigs were 
thrown into a minority, and Charles Sumner, in 1851, became the 
Senator from Massachusetts. .Mr. Winthrop then withdrew from pub- 
lic life and refused thereafter to be a candidate for, or to accept, any 
political ofiice. In all his connection with questions of gravest im- 
port he had decided convictions, never compromised with wrong, 
never took a position hostile to tiie union or good government, or 
deviated a hair's breadth from the line of strictest personal purity or 
political integrity. He said and did nothing to be apologized for, re- 
tracted or expunged. During the war between the States, he gave a 
consistent and cordial support to the Government of the Union, but in 
1864 he warmly supported General .McClellan for the Presidency, and 
subsequently in national elections voted with the Democratic party. 

Separation from politics opened to him a wider career of usfulness, 
and in private life he gave abundant proof of what virtues and 
attainments can accomplish for the public good. His beneficent 
influence can hardlv be equaled, and his was a noble e.xample of the 
service a private citizen can render to his country. When engaged in 
national matters he never lost interest in other things. When no 
longer embarrassed by public duties, he gave his growing powers to 
the carrying out of schemes for the development of a nobler civiliza- 
tion. There was no e.xaltation of a single idea, no absorption in one 
enterprise, but he was many-sided in his sympathies and attainments, 
and his name became synonymous with broad charity, high and noble 
aims, purposes and desires. 

For many years he presided over theAIassauchusetts Historical 
Society ana was one of its most valuable contributors. He was 
elected an honorary member of the Virginia Historical Society, read 
its papers and proceedings with care and attention, and preserved an 
undiminished interest in its succesj. A favorite theme for letter and 
conversation was the sustaining efforts of Massachusetts and Virginia 
in making the Revolution a success, and binding the States into a per- 
manent constitutional Union. P'or several years, he and Mr. Hugh 
Blair Grigsby interchanged letters on every 4th of July to keep fresh 
the memory of the union of the ancient Commonwealths, and when 
Mr. Grigsby died, the honor of the correspondence was transferred to 
another member of our Historical Society. Mr. Winthrop was one of 
the earliest promoters of a public library in Boston, and made the 
first gift of books. He was a friend of universal education, and was 
deeply interested in fitting the suddenly-emancipated negroes for the 
duties and rights of the citizenship, so prematurely thrust upon them. 
In the great gift to the South, matured and revealed under his roof, Mr. 
Peabody consulted him and wrote of him as his valued friend to whom 
he was so much indebted for cordial sympathy, careful consideration 
and wise counsel, and appointed him chairman of the board of eminent 



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380 ', VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. w'il 

men who were selected to organize and administer the munificent 
trust. Perhaps, alter his Church, no object commanded more of Mr. 
VV'inthrop's thought and personal labor than the work of the Peabody 
Education Fund, of which he was the guiding spirit. The General 
Agents had his unceasing sympathy and counsel, and nothing pleased 
him more than to be fully acquainted with the minutest matters, and to 
be assured of the hearty co-operation of the South in executing the 
far-reaching purposes of the benefaction. 

No man attained, in the United States, such a reputation as a speaker 
on great national occasions. Massachusetts, other States, and the 
United States commanded his unsurpassed powers. Celebrations like 
the centennial anniversary of the Declaration of Independence and of 
the Battle of Vorktown, unveiling of statures, laying corner stones, and 
dedicating monuments, on completion, like the Washington Monument, 
and numerous other occasions called forth one hundred and twenty 
addresses. These are not dry recitals of chronological and historical 
data, but they are enlivened by a clear analysis of the underlying 
causes of great events, graphic portraitures of the principal actors, 
enriched by a wealth of apposite illustration and graceful fancy, and 
irradiated by a style of perfect English. His intimate acquaintance 
with men of highest distinction of the Old and the New World, in 
church, in politics, m literature, in science, in discovery, his thoughtful 
and generous and refined hospitality, his marvellous memory, his full 
familiarity with literature and history, his genial companionship and 
largeheartedness, made conversation and address the vehicle of the 
most varied, useful and attractive information. Besides political 
speeches, literary addresses, reminiscences incorporated in his intro- 
ductory remarks before the Historical Society and the Peabody Trus- 
tees, and orations which will remain classics in American Literature 
and History, he wrote several memoirs, and published the Life and 
Letters of John Winthrop. 

Few men have lived in this country who can be cherished more 
proudly, as fitting representative of our institutions, as connecting 
more honorably the present with the better days of our Republic, as 
furnishing a more stimulating model for youth, or a loftier character 
for perpetual inspiration. Knowing him in unreserved intimacy, enjoy- 
ing his trustful confidence, having received from his graceful pen more 
than a hundred letters, I never heard or read a word from him, which 
was not in harmony with the purest and most exalted patriotism and 
Christianity. To have had his companionship was a benediction ; to 
have had his affection was an unspeakable privilege, an unending 
inspiration to a nobler life. 

J. L. ^L CURRV." 



•This discriminating sketch of Mr. Winthrop's life and character was prepared by 
Dr. Curry at our request — Ed. 



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II 






NECROLOGY. ' 331 

John Pl-rcell, of Richmond, Va.. was the son of Charles Purcell, 
of the city of Limerick, Ireland, who, having- inherited property in 
Richmond, by the death of his uncle of the same name, settled there 
in iSi6. dying eight years afterwards. Mr. John Purcell was born in the 
latter city, May 31st, tSij. He was educated in the schools of Burke 
and Rennolds, so well known in Richmond at that day, and at the age 
of fifteen, entered the drug store of Mr. Thompkins. While engaged 
here, he attracted the attention of Mr. Alexander Duval, the leading 
wholesale druggist of the time. In 1S40, although a very young man, 
he was offered an interest in Mr. Duval's business, the firm being 
Duval & F'nrcell. After some seven or eight years, he left Mr. Duval, 
and formed the partnership of Purcell, Ladd & Co., of which he was 
the head until his death. 

He married, in 1S43. -"^li^s Martha Webb, of Norfolk, \'a., whose 
father was Commodore Thomas Tarlton Webb, of the county of New 
Kent, and a distinguished officer of the United States Navy. At the 
breaking out of the late war, he entered mobt heartily into the cause of 
the South, and devoted his means and talents to its advancement. 
He went to Louisville, Ky., foreseeing the needs of the South for med- 
icine, and, through his acquaintance with chemists, procured, on his 
own account, over ^loo, 000 worth of medical supplies, which he turned 
over to the Confederate Government without profit to himself. He 
also equipped the battery of artillery which bore his name during the 
war. The affection and esteem shown him by the survivors of this bat- 
tery attest the service he rendered them. He served also as a member 
of the Ambulance Corps, composed of gentlemen of Richmond, who, 
out of thei. own means, maintained, and by their own work, succored 
so many sick and wounded soldiers. 

He was one of the first members of the Chamber of Commerce, an 
originator of the Liverpool & Richmond Packet Co., which built at 
Richmond the fine packet ships for direct trade between that port and 
England, and was one of the projectors of the Virginia Steamship Co. 
between New York and Richmond. He took great interest in railroad 
development, and was a director and vice president of the Richmond 
& York River R. R. Co., and also of the Richmond & Mecklenburg R. 
R. Co., and was largely interested in and greatly promoted the build- 
ing of the Virginia & Tennessee R. R. 

Mr. Purcell was, essentially, a merchant of the old school, and took 
keen delight in the advancement of commercial dignity and probity. 
His labors were mainly directed in this channel. If any of his virtues 
stood out more prominently than another, it was his high sense of jus- 
tice. He had broad and liberal views in all things, and, while firm and 
courageous in maintaining his own, he was equally tolerant of the 
views of others. Mr. Purcell died June 29, 1894. 



Rev. Henry Carrington Alexander, D.D., was born of Virginian 



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332 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

parents in Princeton, N. J., on the 27th day of Sept., 1S35, and died in the 
city of New York June 25th, 1S94, in the fifty-ninth year of his agti. 
He was the son of the Rev. Dr. James \V. Alexander, at one time pas- 
tor of Village Church, at Charlotte C. H., Virginia, afterwards Professor 
of Belles Lettres in Princeton College; then pastor of the Duane 
Street Church, New York ; then Professor of Church History and 
Polity in Princeton Seminary; then pastor of the Fifth Avenue Pres- 
byterian Church, New \ork, in which position he died. His mother 
was a daughter of Dr. George Cabell, of Richmond, and a niece of 
Judge and Governor William Cabell of the same city, and of Mr. 
Joseph C. Cabell, the friend of Thomas Jefferson and his co-laborer in 
founding the University of Virginia, and of the distinguished Dr. James 
L. Cabell, for fifty years ProJessor in the Medical Department of the 
University of Virginia. His grandfather was the Rev. Dr. Archibald 
Alexander, the theologian and author, who was at one time President 
of Hampden Sidney College, afterwards pastor in the city of Philadel- 
phia, and one of the two founders of Princeton Theological Seminary, 
where the great work of his life was done. His grandmother, .Mrs. 
Archibald Alexander, was the daughter of Rev. James Waddell, widely 
known as the blind preacher, whose eloquence has been described in 
The British Spy by William Wirt. His paternal grandparents were 
both of Scotch-Irish extraction, whose ancestors emigrated first to 
Pennsylvania and then to Rockbridge county, Va. 

Young Alexander graduated from Princeton College in the class of 
1S54, in the nineteenth year of his age, and from Princeton Seminary 
in 1858. Having been licensed by the Presbytery of New York, he 
he s, ent a year in that city doing missionary work, and in 1S59 took 
charge of Village Church, Charlotte, C H., where both his father and 
grandfather had labored betbre him. Here he was ordained and in- 
stalled as pastor in 1861. He continued in this relation until January. 
1870, when, having been elected Professor of Biblical Literature and 
New Testament Interpretation in Union Theological Seminary, Vir- 
ginia, he entered on this chair, which he filled until his peremptory 
resignation in 1891. He then took charge of the churches of Oakland, 
Md., and Terra Alta, West Virginia, where he continued to labor until 
his death. Dr. Alexander was a man of great learning, of the kindliest 
sympathies and of charming manners. 



WiLLiA.M Cecil D.abnev, M. D., late Professor of the Practice of 
Medicine and Obstetrics in the University of Virginia, was born at 
Dunlora, Albemarle county, Virginia, July 4, 1849. His early education 
was received at home t'ro.m private tutors. He entered the University 
of Virginia in 1S66, and pursued the study of medicine for two years, 
graduating with the degree of Doctor of Medicine in 1S6S. His first 
service was as resident physician in a hospital in Eialtimore for a year, 
la 1869 he married Miss Jane Belle Minor, daughter of .Mr. William W. 



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2S4 .V XECROLOGY. >• . • 333 

Minor, of Albemarle county, and soon afterwards entered upon the 
practice of his profession at Big Lick, now Roanoke, Virginia, where 
he remained about twelve months. On account of his health, he then 
returned to Albemarle county and engaged in farming for over two 
years, when he resumed the practice of medicine in Charlottesville. 
His first medical essay, which brought him more prominently before 
the public, was on " The Value of Chemistry to the Medical Practi- 
tioner," a small book, for which he received the Boylston prize from 
Harvard Univeisity in 1S73. This was the first of a long series of 
essays on medical subjects published in various journals of this country, 
which made him widely known. In 1S78, for the restoration of his 
health, he spent some time in foreign travel, making a voyage to Japan, 
and on his return resided several months in San Diego, California. 
This voyage and residence apparently stayed the progress of the pul- 
monary trouble from which he suffered. When the Medical examining 
Board of Virginia was organized in 1885, he was appointed its first 
President. He had actively interested himself in the organization of 
this Board for the regulation of the practice of medicine in the State. 
In 1S86 he was chosen Professor of the Practice of Medicine and Ob- 
stetrics in the University of Virginia, which chair he filled with great 
credit to himself and with signal benefit to the University He was a 
prominent member of the Medical Society of Virginia, of the American 
I\Iedical Association, and of the Association of American Physicians. 

Dr. Dabney was an indefatigable student of his profession, and his 
contributions to medical journals were numerous. Besides some forty 
or fifty original articles, he made over one hundred translations from 
the French and German. In a brief sketch of his life, it is impossible 
to give the titles of his various writings, but he was a contributor to 
the American Journal of Medical Sciences, the Medical News, Phila- 
delphia, the Medical Journals of Virgmia, North Carolina, and New 
York, the New York Medical Record, and the Transactions of the 
Medical Societies of Virginia and North Carolina, and of the American 
Medical Association. A notable article maybe mentioned, the chapter 
on "Maternal Impressions," contributed to Keating's " Cyclopedia of 
the Diseases of Children," Vol. I., 1SS9. He was the author of "An 
Abstract of a Course of Lectures on the Practice of Medicine,"' used 
in his University lectures, and of a Syllabus of Lectures on Obstetrics, 
and one on Medical Jurisprudence. He wrote also a pamphlet on 
" The Physiological Action and Therapeutic Uses of the Water of the 
Greenbrier White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia," published originally 
in Gaillard's Medical Journal for April, 1890. Dr. Dabney died Aug. 
20, 1894. During the last five years of his life he was the resident phy- 
sician at the White Sulphur Springs every summer.* 

*\Ve are indebted for the particulars in this sketch of Dr. Dabney's life, to the minute 
entered upon the records of the University of Virginia at the time of Dr. Dabney's 
death. 



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334 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. *'"*'' 

James Woodhouse was born in Princess Anne county, Va., in 1S14, 
and on the death of his parents, which occurred while he was quite 
young, was employed in a book store in Norfolk, where he remained 
several years. About the year 1S40. he went to Petersburg, and there 
formed a partnership with E. P. Nash, then, and for many years after- 
wards, a prominent and successful bookseller of that city. 

In 1844 they established a branch house in Richmond, under the 
name of Xash and Woodhouse, Mr. Woodhouse being the resident 
partner, which continued until Mr. Nash retired in 1856, when he be- 
came sole owner, and this continued until 185S, when B. M. Parham, 
who had been in his employment since 1S51, was admitted as partner. 
The business was conducted under the name of James Woodhouse & 
Co., until 1S65, when it was changed to Woodhouse & Parham, and so 
remained until 1SS2, when Mr. Woodhouse retired, and a new partner- 
ship was formed. 

In 1840 Mr. Woodhouse was married to Miss Susan G. Harward, of 
Norfolk, who lived only a few years. While actively engaged in a 
congenial calling for si.xty-five years, ard absorbed in i^s duties, he yet 
found time to cultivate his taste for reading, and was well informed in 
general literature, and especially familiar with the liistory of Virginia. 
Mr. Woodhouse was a man of gentle manners, but of great firmness of 
character. He died June 23d, 1894, in his eightieth year. 



WiLLiA.M Tell Chase, of Chases' Wharf, Va., was sprung from 
New England stock, being a son of Peter Chase and Ann Hazard 
Bushvion, of Newport, R. I., who, in 1825, settled at Carter's Creek, 
Lancaster county, Va. Mr. Chase was born August 19th, 1S32. He 
was educated at a private school, and for several years after leaving 
school he was occupied in teaching. For many years he was engaged 
in mercantile life, having a large store on the estate where he resided. 
Mr. Chase married, December 15th, 1S59. Miss Rebecca Virginia Sea- 
bury, daughter of Captain Francis and Rebecca Allan Seabury, of 
Norfolk, Va. Mrs. Chase dying in 1S71, Mr. Chase married Miss 
Fannie Lee Becker, of Washington county, Md. Mr. Chase entered 
the Confederate Army on April, 1861, as First Lieutenant of the 40th 
Virginia Regiment, and was elected Captain of his company in the 
spring of 1862. He was wounded at Gaines' Mill and also at Gettys- 
burg. He was retired in 1864 on account of physical disability, and 
was assigned to enrolling duty for the counties of Westmoreland, Rich- 
mond, Northumberland and Lancaster. Mr. Chase died of dropsy 
January 14th, 1894. He was warden of Grace Church, Episcopal, of 
his native county. 



John Kerr Childrev was the son of Stephen Childrey and Susan 
Fletcher, and was born December 23rd, 1832, in Richmond, Va. He 






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««« NECROLOGY. ■ ^ , .^.^ 335 

was educated in the schools of Henrico county and at the Mechanics' 
Institute. In 1S49 he entered the tobacco business. During the late 
war he was a member of the Governor's Mounted Guard, and also 
served in the Naval Department. At the close of the contest he re- 
turned to the tobacco business, in which he was engaged until 188S. 
He succeeded the late William Barrett, and carried on, for many years, 
a large and remunerative trade. At a later period he was a partner of 
A. M. Lyon & Co. He was elected to the office of City Treasurer in 
1888, and filled it conscientiously and acceptably to the people until 
the day of his death, March i6th, 1S94. Mr. Childrey married, in 1S57, 
Miss Kate T. Lyon. 



!■ .-■■ V, .;■;■.. V' ■:■■■•. ir 

James C. Cottrell, of Richmond, Va., was born November 4th, 
1855, and was the son of Samuel S. and Rebecca Baker Cottrell. Mr. 
Cottrell married Miss Georgia Little, of Norfolk, and left two children, 
James L. and Marie A. Cottrell. After reaching manhood he was asso- 
ciated with his lather in business. He died in Richmond, February 
20th, 1S94. 



Charles Gorham Barney, M. D., was the eldest son of Charles Gor- 
ham and Avis Macy Barney. He was born June 24th, 1S14, in Nan- 
tucket, Massachusetts, and was a lineal descendant of John Carver, 
the first Governor of the Plymouth Colony, 1620. His early life was 
spent in New York. About the age of eighteen he travelled exten- 
sively in England and on the Continent. 

After returning to New York he began the studv of medicine in that 
city and graduated at a comparatively early age, and was appointed 
resident physician to a large hospital on BlackwelTs Island. After- 
wards he was, in turn, physician to the insane asylum and the small- 
pox hospital near New York city. Owing to reverses in his father's 
business, he gave up the active prosecution of his profession and en- 
gaged with his father in the old established house of Barnev & Sons, 
Mobile, Ala. 

In 1S50 he married, in the city of Richmond, Va.. Miss Mary Walker, 
daughter of David and Amanda Walker. They made their home in 
Mobile, but five years after marriage returned to Richmond, where 
they resided permanently. 

During the war Dr. Barney was an active and faithful member of the 
Ambulance Committee, and at the time of his death was one of the 
few surviving members of the organization. He was actively engaged 
in the insurance business for many years, and was employed in his 
work up to the very time of his death. For years he was a vestryman 
in Holy Trinity (Moore Memorial! Protestant Episcopal Church. Dr. 
Barney died September 15th, 1894. 



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336 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Mark Downey was born at Bear Haven, Ireland, December i6th, 
iSi6, and died in Richmond. Va., May 20th, 1S94. Mr. Downey first 
resided in New York after coming to this country, but in the winter of 
1S39-40 removed to Riclimond, where he engaged in the feed and gro- 
cery business, in which he accumulated a large fortune, a very consid- 
erable part of which at his death he distributed among charitable 
institutions. 



Francis Howe McGuire was born in Mecklenburg county, Vir- 
ginia, on the 4th of June, 1S50, and died October 30th, 1S94. His 
father was Rev. Francis H. McGuire, the youngest of the three sons of 
Colonel William McGuire, of Winchester, all of whom were ministers 
in the Protestant Episcopal Church. His mother was Mary Willing 
Harrison, daughter of Benjamin Harrison, of Berkeley, grandson of 
Benjamin Harrison, signer of the Declaration of Independence. His 
grandfather, William McGuire, entered the army of the Revolution at 
thirteen, was disabled at Eutaw Springs at eighteen years of age, being 
then a lieutenant of artillery. Subsequently he was a member of the 
Virginia Legislature and the first Chief-Justice of the Mississippi 
Territory. 

His father's death and the financial ruin produced by the late war 
left Mr. McGuire to complete his education as he could. He was able 
to finish his academic and professional courses at Randolph-Macon 
College and the University of Virginia, by teaching in the intervals 
between the periods of study, displaying as a boy that unflinching self- 
denial, that untiring energy and perseverence which distinguished him 
as a man. 

He came to the bar in Richmond in 1S75, encountering, in the begin- 
ning, the delays and disappointments that ordinarily beset the young 
practitioner. With rare manliness, concealing all trials from those who 
knew him best, he bore everything with unwavering resolution and 
with a singular devotion to the high principles of his profession. In 
due time he was recognized by his asssociates at the bar, and by the 
community in general, as a man destined to exhibit, in his own person, 
the highest type of the learned and honorable lawyer. 

He died at forty-four, having been at the bar in Richmond nineteen 
years. No lawyer in recent years has, in so short a period, won a more 
honorable position, as shown by the extraordinary tribute paid to his 
memory by the Bar Association of Richmond at the time of his death. 
Had he lived the very highest honors of his profession would have 
sought him. Already he had frequently been urged to accept judicial 
office, which his conception of duty compelled him to decline. 

Mr. McGuire not only kept his own escutcheon clean, but he was 
jealous for his brethren. In order that the ranks of the profession in 
his own State might contain no unworthy member, he proposed and 



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NECROLOGY. 337 

prosecuted the organization of the Bar Association of Virginia. His 
brother lawyers testify that this now flourishing and influential body 
owes its existence to his foresight, energy, persuasive tact, and rare 
executive ability. 

The estimate in which he was held by the community in general is 
shown by his position in the Howitzer Association, the Chamber of 
Commerce, the Society of the Alumni of the University of Virginia, 
the Virginia State Insurance Co., the Board of the Male Orphan Asy- 
lum, the Incorporators of the P. E. Church Home, the Directors of 
Peterkin Memorial Association, as Treasurer of the Church Fund of 
the Diocese, and in the Historical Society of Virginia. 

On the 5th of November, iSS6. Mr. McGuire married Miss Helen 
Nolting, daughter of the late Mr. E. O. Nolting, an honored citizen of 
Richmond and valued member of this Society. His wife and one daugh- 
ter survive him ; a brother in Halifax county and a brother and sister 
in Clarke are also living. 

For years Mr. McGuire was a prominent member of the vestry of 
St. James' Church in Richmond, rendering the most conspicuous ser- 
vice, always modest, yet always ready with wise suggestion when 
called, and abundant in most effective labors in pursuance of plans 
devised for the advancement of the cause; highly esteemed. in the 
general Council of the Diocese where he was repeatedly sent as her 
selected delegate ; a faithful teacher in her Sunday-school, seeking the 
g:ood of his class not only on the Sabbath but on other days as well; 
a most valuable officer in her Brotherhood of St. Andrew :— he was 
busy in every department of church work in which a layman could be 
employed. 



[Note— At the time the Magazine went to press we had been unable 
to obtain perfectly accurate details as to the life of Dr. William Henry 
Shield. A sketch of him will appear in the April number. Ed.] 



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333 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Historical Notes and Queries. 

Note. — In the notice of the Harris Genealogy, Vol. I, page 359. it 
should have been stated that the pamphlet was prepared at the instance 
of Mrs. Anna Harris O'Fallon, of St. Louis, and Mrs. Van Voast. 



Erratum. — In the present number of the Magazine, the parenthesis 
on page 304, beginning with the word "From," should end with the 
word " success." 

In Vol. I, page 424, the name of the wife of Col. John West, Jr., 
should be Unity instead of Ursula Croshaw. 



An Act to Incorporate the Virginia Historical and 
Philosophical Society. 

■\Ve publish by request the Act of Incorporation of the Virginia His- 
torical Society which, as will be seen, was incorporated as the Historical 
and Philosophical Society. It was passed March 10, 1834: 

" Whereas, sundry citizens of this Commonwealth have formed them- 
selves into a society by the name and title of the " Virginia Historical 
and Philosophical Society," the objects of which, as declared in the 
second Article of the Constitution adopted by the said Society, are to 
discover, procure and preserve whatever may relate to the natural, 
civil and literary history of this State, and to patronize and advance all 
those sciences which have a direct tendency to promote the best inter- 
ests of our citizens; and whereas, it is represented to the General 
Assembly that the members of the said Society are desirous of obtam- 
ing a charter of incorporation — 

1. Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, That the mem- 
bers of the aforesaid Society, together with such others as they shall 
hereafter associate with them, and their successors, are hereby consti- 
tuted, ordained and created a body corporate, and politic, by the name 
of '"The Virginia Historical and Philosophical Society," and 
by that name shall have perpetual succession, and shall be, and are 
hereby made able and capable in law as a body corporate, to have, 
hold, and enjov goods, chattels, lands and tenements, and the same at 
all times may dispose of in their discretion. The said Society may 
have a common seal, may sue and be sued, plead and be impleaded; 
and may do, act and transact all matters and things whatsoever, proper 
for bodies corporate to do, act and transact ; and may establish and 
enact such a constitution and such by-laws, rules and regulations as 
shall be deemed necessary and expedient, and which shall not be re- 
pugnant to the laws of this State, or of the United States. 

2, Be it further enacted. That the said corporation be further author- 



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NOTES AND QUERIES. 339 

ized and empowered to elect and qualify such officers as may by them 
be deemed necessary to be chosen at such time, and to hold their offi- 
ces for such period as the constitution of said corporation shall pre- 
scribe; and to appoint and hold such meetings as shall bethought 
proper. 

Acts of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Virginia, 
session 1833-4, chapter 201, page 253. 



Letter of John Bexger, 1762, in Regard to the Bravne Estate 
IN England. 
The following letter relating to English property belonging to Mrs. 
Governor Spotswood and her sister. Mrs. Benger, is published through 
the courtesy of a descendant in Richmond, who has a copy of the 
original. It is not known whether any of the estates was ever re- 
covered: ■ • ■ 

"Virginia, Sept. 8th, 1762. 
"Capt. William Fox: 

Sir,— Herewith you'l receive a letter of Attorney to Capt. William 
Johnston and yourself jointly & severally, by which you are empowered 
and hereby desired to make enquiry in the first place after the follow- 
ing lands & estate lying in Sheire m the County of Sussex— viz— 2 
meadows containing - acres lying between Gumshal! Marsh on the 
North & the highway leading from Hoe to Gumshall Hill on the East, 
and the way leading from Tower Hill to Sheire on the South. A Close 
called the Gravel close containing 2 acres lying near the Gravil pitts, 2 
closes containing 4 acres lying together in Gumshall common field. A 
parcel of land, called the longlands, containing 5 acres, lying in the 
same fields. A close containing 7 acres, lying at Dyehill. A close 
called the new close, containing 3 acres. A meadow containing 3 
acres, lying in Gumshall, adjoining Gumshall Marsh on the South. A 
close containing 2'2 acres called the Downside. A close containing i 
acre called the C/ay Croff, lying in Frannasco croft. A close contain- 
ing 2 acres, called the Hally croft. 5/< acres lying in Gumshall fields, 
heretofore enclosed, ii'i acres of land lying in Gumshall, purchased 
of John Chennell. A honse, orchard & garden, lying in Gumshall, &c. 
One-half an acre of meadow thereto adjoining. A close of Pasture, 
containing 2 acres, lying on the east of the highway from Gumshall to 
Hoe. 2)2 acres of land lying in Gumshall fields. A House, tan yard, 
orchard. Garden, & i;;' acres of land thereto belonging lying in Gum- 
shall in Franncisco Croft. A parcel of land called Houghton, pur- 
chased of John Yatton. A medow called Mill Jfead, adjoining the 
Mill, containing 3 acres. The common field, containing 7 acres, lying 
near the foot way going to Shire Church, near to the land, lately 
Thomas Gallons'. 3 acres land lying in Sheire, between the lands of 
Mr. Rich'd Evelyn, East & West. 



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(li ;;ili . ' MTV'S --J y-^j;; 



340 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

You will please to observe, these several lands, &r., were settled by 
Deed bearing date, 29th April, 1691, by Anne Bignold, Rich'd Brayne,* 
and Anne, his wife (subject to a mortgage for /"soo) upon Anne Big- 
nold, for life— remainder to Brayne, and his wile, and to the heirs ot 
body. The mortgage is, I suppose, long since paid off. Mrs. Bignold, 
Brayne and his wife, are all dead, and Mrs. Brayne's issue was 4 daugh- 
ters, named Anne, Diana, Dorothy & Butler. Dorothy, intermarried 
with Elliott Benger, Gent., and with her husband is since dead and 
I am her son & heir. Butler intermarried with Major Gen'l Spolswood, 
whom she survived, and afterwards married John Thompson (Cl'k) 
who survived her. She is dead, and Alexander Spotswood, an Infant 
is her Grandson and heir. He is now in England. Anne & Diana, 
the other 2 daughters, remained in England, never married. They re- 
ceived the Rents of this Estate, and regularly remitted to their sisters 
m in Virginia, their parts of it, until 4 or 5 years ago, since which I have 



"-"^ * Butler Brayne married, as stated in the letter, first, Governor Spots- 

^•'' wood, and, secondiv, Rev. John Thompson. Her sister, Dorothea 
*;« Brayne (the "Miss Thecky"of Byrd's Trip to the Mines), married 

<^-' Elliott^ Benger (probably the same who was at one time deputy post- 

master-general for North America), and had issue: I. John^ II. Anne^ 
John' Benger married Elizabeth Johnston, and had issue: I. Anne^; 
II. Dorothea Brayne.^ 

Anne^ Benger married Dr. George French, and had issue: I. James*, 
married Miss Chew and had no issue; II. William.* 

William* French married Miss Barton, and had issue: I. Robert^ 
died in the West Indies; II. John^, unmarried in 1836; III. George^ 
married, first, Miss Barron, daughter of Commodore Earron, and, sec- 
ondly. Miss Lively, of Hampton; IV. Ann= married Thomas R. Rootes, ( 
of Gloucester county; V. Mary^ married John Mortimer; VI. Eliza- i 
beth*, married Robert S. Chew. 

Dorothea Brayne' Benger married, first, Colonel William McWilliams 
(and had a daughter, Elizabeth*, married Garrett Minor, of Louisa 
county), and, secondly, George Buckner, of " Braynfield," Caroline 
county. 

Anne- Benger married, first, Robert Brooke, and, secondly, Richard 
Hipkins. 

Robert and Anne^ (Benger) Brooke had one son, John^ Brooke, who 
married Miss Thornton, and had issue: I. William*, married Miss Bay- 
lor; II. Anne*, married Richard Baylor (his second wife), who was the 
father of her brother's wife. 

Richard and AnneM Benger) had issue: I. Robert', married, first. 
Miss Butler, of "Bleak Hill," Westmoreland, and had no issue; sec- 
ondly, Miss Ball, and had six children ; II. William^ married Miss Mar- 
tin and had two children ; III. Thomas, died unmarried. 



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NOTES AXD QUERIES. 341 

not heard from them, nor any part of the rents, and am apt to beUeve 
they have stopped payment on account of a dispute, whether Mr. 
Thompson, or young Mr. Spotswood, is entitled to my Aunt Butler's 
part. You'll please therefore to enquire tor these two ladies, who lived 
in Shelton (or Shalton) grounds Westminster, and if they or either of 
them be living they will be kind enough to give you full information, 
not only to this estate (but as to that hereafter mentioned), and will 
pay you the arrears of rent due to me, if in their hands, or if not, will 
direct you where you may come at it. You will observe, that if one of 
my Aunts is dead, my right is then encreased to one-third, and if both 
are dead, to a moitie. But if both are dead you must enquire in whose 
hands the arrears of rent are, and proceed accordingly. Be pleased 
also to view the several Tenements, enquire the present names of them, 
of the present tenants and what rents they severall pay, of which make 
memorandum. 

You will further observe that Thomas Courtaman, of Strand on the 
Green, Parish of Chiswick in the county of Middlesex, Distiller by his 
Will, of which you have a copy, dated May 2nd, 1745, devises to trus- 
tees—His moiety of the Manor of Farme or Feme, and all his Farm, 
called Farme or Feme lands, and all his freehold lands thereto belong- 
ing, commonly called Vinehall or Vinal. Also his lands called Bor- 
ders, Winders, or Boyan Dunks little Farm in the Parrish of Wash- 
ington (illegible line, paper torn) the North field and the Windmill field 
therewith let,— all which where in the County of Sussex. And all his 
other freehold and copyhold lands in the County of Susse.x. 

In Trust for the use of his cousins Diana & Anna Brayne (before 
mentioned) and to the survivor for life, and at the death of the survivor 
to Dorothy (my mother) and the heirs of her body, (the remaining Es- 
tate for life to Thomas Masters being revoked by the codicil) subject to 
three annuities of /"lo each, payable to Elizabeth Clements, Thomas 
Masters and Elizabeth Masters for life. 

He charges his estate, called "Johns Cross" with the payment of all 
his debts and legacies, and directed his trustees to sell or mortgage 
that estate, for that purpose, and directed that the surplus of the 
money, arising by the sale or mortgage should be laid out in Stocks, 
Lands, Houses, or other securities, which arise, to go to the same uses. 
Now if my aunts, or either of them be living — as in that case, I have 
no present right to this estate — you have nothing to do with it, but re- 
quest them to inform you whether the estate called Johns Cross was 
sold or mortgage. What sum remained after paying the debts and 
legacies and in what security the same was laid out, that I may the 
more readily come at my right at their deaths. As my Aunts have also 
the original Title Deeds for these Estates, in their possession, which 
may be perloyned or Kept from me. in case of their deaths, they would 
much oblige me and not hurt themselves, if they would consent to 



.SrZ 



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.Ml.'.'. ;... ' •ni3rr; 

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■<'■ tvjnfMJb '>rK .?^-! f.--:-' I'-Ai. 'Si-.b ski 



342 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

lodge these deeds, in the hands of some faithful third person, to be 
chosen by them and you. who may keep them during their lives, and 
then deliver them to me. Or if that is disagreeable, that you may take 
copies of these deeds to be properly attested. I would also if they are 
alive, substitute some person there, to take possession of the estate for 
me, at their deaths, which may prevent intrusion. 

But if my Aunts are both dead, you will please get all the necessary 
papers gc upon the land*^, and get the tenants to attorn, or become ten- 
ants to me, take an account of rents and if any arrears that I am 
entitled, to receive them. If my Aunts are dead enquire if they died 
with or without wills and whether any thing is coming to me or my sis- 
ters, and in whose hands it is. If any thing, not here particularly men- 
tioned, should occur, in which you can be serviceable to me, you are 
fully empowered, and hereby desired to transact it in the best manner, 
for Sir your obt 

Servant ■ .>.'■'"' 

John Benger. 



Archives Relating to the War of the Re\olution. 

The Sons of the Revolution of the State of California have issued 
the following address to Congress, which omitting the one word 
"Rebellion"' as historically incorrect, and substituting for it "War 
between the States," we heartily unite in: 

"To the Honorable the Senators and Representatives of the United 
States of America in Congress Assembled : 

" Your petitioners respectfully represent that the unpublished archives 
of the United States government, relating to the War of the Revolu- 
tion, have never been assembled into one collection, but they are now- 
distributed throughout the several Public Departments and, owing to 
past neglect and present lack of proper care, many valuable documents 
have been mutilated and destroyed, ?nd those remaining are rapidly 
becoming illegible. 

" Never before, in the liistory of the Nation has there prevailed so 
universal and eager a desire to know the contents of these records, 
which contain information not elsewhere to be found, but which, in 
their present condition, are of no practical use to the country. 

"The necessity for absolute accuracy in the history of that heroic 
struggle for freedom, as well as justice to those who, in what capacity 
soever gave their ail for the cause of liberty, require that the story of 
their sacrifices and their patriotism, shall no longer be kept among the 
inaccessible Archives of the government, but that it shall become the 
official basis for a history of that period, more complete than has yet 
been written. 



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NOTES AND QUERIES. 



343 



"Wherefore your Petitioners pray that laws may be passed by Con- 
gress, which will provide for the publication of all the Archives of the 
government relating to the War of the Revolution, in a manner similar 
to that of the Official Records of the War of ihe Rebellion; that 
measures be adopted for including in such publication transcripts 
from the records of the original Thirteen States relating particularly to 
Muster Rolls of Officers, Soldiers, Sailors and Marines not embraced 
in the government collection, and also for the gathering of such his- 
torical matter now contained in the various libraries of the country as 
may be necessary for this purpose. 

"Given from the Hall of our Society, in the City of Los Angeles, 
this third day of September, 1S94, 

"THE SOCIETY, 
[SEAL.] ■. , " Sofis of the Revolution, 

., ' • " In the State of California. 

"By HoLDRiDGE O. Collins, P.esident. 
"Attest : 

"Arthur B. Benton, Secretary." ■..,.• 



...w The Will of Thomas Marshall. 

The following, contributed by Mr. A. C. Ouisenberry, of Washington, 
D. C. , is a copy of the will of Thomas Marshall, the great-grandiather 
of Chief Justice John Marshall, viz : 

In the name of God, amen. I, Thomas Marshall, of the county of 
Westmoreland, of Washington parish, carpenter, being very weak, but 
of perfect memory, thanks be to God for it, doth ordain this as my last 
will and testament, in manner and .'orm following: first I give and be- 
queath my soule mto the hands of my blessed Creator and redeemer, 
hoping through merritts of my blessed Savior to receive full pardon 
and remission of all my sins, and my body to the Earth to be decently 
buryed, according to the discretion of my executri.x, which hereafter 
shall be named. 

Imps., I make and ordain my well beloved wife Martha Marshall to 
be my full and whole Executri.x. 

Item. I will that my estate shall remain in the hands of my wife as 
long as she may remain single, but in case she marries then she is to 
have the lawful part, and the rest to be taken out of her hands, to be 
equally divided among my children. 

Item. I will that if my wife marry, that David Brown, Sen'r, and John 
Brown to be guardians over my children, and to take the estate into 
their hands, bringing it to appraisement, giving in good security to 



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