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Report of U. S. National Museum, 1921. 

Plate I. 



































United States National Museum, 
Under Direction of the Smithsonian Institution, 

Washington^ D. 6'., Septemher SO^ 19M. 
Sir : I have the honor to submit herewith a report upon the present 
condition of the United States National Museum and upon the work 
accomplished in its various departments during the fiscal year ending 
June 30, 1921. 

Very respectfully, 

William deC. Ravenel, 
Administrative Assistant to the Secretary^ 
In charge of the United States National Museum. 
Dr. Charles D. Walcott, 

Secretary^ Smithsonian Institution. 


CONTENTS. -"^^^«' 


Staff of Museum 7 

Inception and history 9 

Operations of the year 15 

Appropriations 15 

Buildings and equipment 16 

Collections 18 

Freer collections 19 

Loeb collection of chemical types 20 

Cooperation of the executive departments 20 

Partello bequest 20 

Visitors . 21 

Publications 23 

Library : 23 

Photographic laboratory 24 

Meetings and congresses 24 

Organization and staff 32 

Necrology 34 

Reports on the collections : "39 

Department of biology, by Leonhard Stejneger, head curator 47 

Department of geology, by George P. Merrill, head curator 81 

Department of arts and industries, W. deC. Ravenel, director : 

Textiles, medicine, woods, and foods, by F. L. Lewton 97 

Mechanical technology, by Carl W. Mitman 115 

Mineral technology, by Carl W. Mitman 121 

Graphic arts, by R. P. Tolmau 123 

Division of history, by T. T. Belote, curator 131 

List of accessions 143 

List of publications 199 



South front of Natural History Building of the Museum Facing title 

Slieleton of smallest horned dinosaur, Brachyceratops montanensis, from 
Montana. Collected in 1913; mounted during 1920 and 1921. Facing 

page 90 

Skeleton of an extinct bear from a Pleistocene Cave deposit near Cumber- 
land, Md. Collected in 1915 ; mounted during 1920 and 1921. Facing 






[June 30, 1921.] 

Cbtarles D. Walcott, Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, keeper ex officio. 
William ueC. Kavenel, Administrative assistant to the Secretary, in charge of 
the United States National Museum. 


Department of Anthropology : 

Walter Hough, acting liead curator. 
Division of Ethnology: Walter Hough, curator; .7. W. Fewkes, collaborator; 
Arthur P, Rice, collaborator. 

Section of Musical Instrument: Hugo Worch, custodian. 
Division of American Archeology: Neil M. Judd, curator; R. G. Paine, aid; 

Philip A. Means, collaborator. 
Division of Old World Archeology : I. M. Casanowicz, assistant curator. 
Division of Physical Anthropology : Ales Hrdlicka, curator. 
Associates in Historic Archeology : Paul Haupt, Cyrus Adler. 
Depabtment of Biology : 

Leonhard Stejneger, head curator ; James E. Benedict, assistant curator. 
Division of Mammals : Gerrit S. Miller, jr., curator. 

Divisio-n of Birds: Robert Ridgway, curator; Charles W. Richmond, asso- 
ciate curator ; J. H. Riley, aid ; Edward J. Brown, collaborator. 
Section of Birds' Eggs : Bradshaw H. Swales, custodian. 
Division of Reptiles and Batrachians: Leonhard Stejneger, curator; Doris 

M. Cochran, aid. 
Division of Fishes: Barton A. Bean, assistant curator. 

Division of Insects: L. O. Howard, honorary curator; .T. M. Aldrich, asso- 
ciate curator; B. Preston Clark, collaborator. 

Section of Hyiuennptera : S. A. Rohwer, custodian ; W. M. Mann, as- 
sistant custodian. 
Section of Myriapoda : O. P. Cook, custodian. 

Section of Diptera : J. M. Aldrich, in charge; Charles T. Gi-eene, as- 
sistant custodian. 
Section of Muscoid Diptera : C. H. T. Townsend. custodian. 
Section of Coleoptera : E. A. Schwarz. custodian. 
Section of Lepidoptera : Harrison G. Dyar. custodian ; William Schaus, 

assistant custodian. 
Section of Orthoptera : A. N. Caudell, custodian. 
Section of Hemiptera : Edmund H. Gibson, custodian ; W. L. McAtee, 

acting custodian. 
Section of Forest Tree Beetles : A. D. Hopkins, custodian. 
Division of Marine Invertebrates: Waldo L. Schmitt, curator; C. R. Shoe- 
maker, assistant curator ; H. K. Harring, custodian of the rotatoria ; Mrs. 
Harriet Richardson Searle, collaborator; I\lax M. Ellis, collaborator. 
Division of Mollusks: William H. Dall. honorary curator; Paul Bartsch, 
curator; William B. Marshall, assistant curator; Mary Breen, collaborator. 
Section of Helminthological Collections : C. W. Stiles, custodian ; B. H. 
Ransom, assistant custodian. 
Diinsion of Echinoderms: Austin H. Clarlc, curator. 


8 REPORT OF nation: AL MUSEUM. 1921. 

Department of Biology — Continued. 

Division of Plants {National Herbarium) : Frederick V. Coville, honorary 
curator ; W. R. Maxon, associate curator ; J. N. Rose, associate curator ; 
P. C. Standley, assistant curator; Emery C. Leonard, aid; Ellsworth P. 
Killip, aid. 

Section of Grasses : Albert S. Hitchcock, custodian. 
Section of Cryptogamic Collections : O. F. Cook, custodian. 
Section of Higher Algae: W. T. Swingle, custodian. 
Section of Lower Fungi: D. G. Fairchild, custodian. 
Sections of Diatoms: Albert Mann, custodian. 
Associates in Zoology: C. Hart Merriam, W. L. Abbott, Mary J. Rathbun, 
David Starr Jordan. 
Depabtment of Geology : 

George P. Merrill, head curator. 
Division of Physical and Chemical Geology (systematic and applied) : 

George P. Merrill, curator; E. V. Shannon, assistant curator. 
Division of Mineralogy and Petrology: F. W. Clarke, honorary curator; 
W. F. Foshag, assistant curator ; Frank L. Hess, custodian of rare 
metals and rare earths. 
Division of Paleontology: R. S. Bas.sler, curator; Charles E. Resser, as- 
sistant curator ; Jessie G. Beach, aid. 

Section of Invertebrate Paleontology: T. W. Stanton, custodian of 

Mesozoic collection ; "William H. Dall, associate curator of Cenozoic 

collection : T. Wayland Vaughan, custodian of Madreporarian corals. 

Section of Vertebrate Paleontology : Charles W. Gilmore, associate 

curator; James W. Gidley, assistant curator of fossil mammals. 
Section of Paleobotany : David White, associate curator ; F. H. Knowl- 
ton, custodian of Mesozoic plants. 
Associates in Paleontologj' : Frank Springer. E. O. Ulrich. 
Associate in Petrology: Whitman Cross. 
Department of Arts and IxorsTRiEs : 

William deC. Ravenel. director. 
Division of TeHiles: Frederick L. Lewton. curator; Mrs. E. W. Rosson, 

Section of Wood Technology : William M. N. Watkins, assistant 
Division of Medicine: Charles Whitebread, assistant curator. 
Divisions of Mineral and Mechanical Technology: Carl W. Mitman, curator; 
Chester G. Gilbert, associate curator: Paul E. Garber. aid: George W. 
Spier, custodian of watches. 
Division of Graphic Arts: R. P. Tolman, assistant curator. 
Section of Photography : A. J. Olmsted, custodian. 
Division of History : 

T. T. Belote, curator; Charles Carey, assistant: J. B. Leavy, philat- 


Chief of correspondence and documents. H. S. Bryant. 

Superintendent of buildings and labor, J. S. Goldsmith. 

Editor, Marcus Benjamin. 

Engineer, C. R. Denmark. 

Disbursing agent. W. I. Adams. 

Photographer, A. J. Olmsted. 

Property clerk, W. A. Knowles. 

Assistant librarian, X. P. Scudder. 

Shipper. L. E. PeiTy. 




By William deC. Ravenel, 

AdminiHtrative Assistant to the Secretary, 
In charge of the United States National Museum. 


The Congress of the United States in the act of August 10, 1846, 
founding the Smithsonian Institution recognized that an opportunity 
was afforded, in camming out the large-minded design of Smithson, 
to provide for the custody of the museum of the Nation. To this 
new establishment was therefore intrusted the care of the national 
collections, a course that time has fully justified. 

In the beginning the cost of maintaining the museum side of the 
Institution's work was wholly paid from the Smithsonian income; 
then for a time the Government bore a share, and during the past 40 
years Congress has voted the entire funds for the expenses of the 
Museum, thus furthering one of the primary means " for the increase 
and diffusion of Imowledge among men " without encroaching upon 
the resources of the Institution. 

The museum idea was inherent in the establishment of the Smith- 
sonian Institution, which in its turn was based upon a 10 years' dis- 
cussion in Congress and the ad^dce of the most distinguished scientific 
men, educators, and intellectual leaders of the Nation of 75 years 
ago. It is interesting to note how broad and comprehensive were the 
views which actuated our lawmakers in determining the scope of the 
Museum, a fact especially remarkable when it is recalled that at that 
date no museum of considerable size existed in the United States, 
and the museums of England and of the Continent of Europe were 
still to a large extent without a developed plan, although containing 
many rich collections. 

The Congress which passed the act of foundation enumerated as 
within the scope of the Museum " all objects of art and of foreign and 
curious research and all objects of natural history, plants, and geo- 
logical and mineralogical specimens belonging to the United States," 


thus stamping the Museum at the very outset as one of the widest 
range and at the same time as the Museum of the United States. It 
was also appreciated that additions would be necessary to the col- 
lections then in existence, and provision was made for their increase 
by the exchange of duplicate specimens, by donations, and by other 

If the wisdom of Congress in so fully providing for a museum in 
the Smithsonian law challenges attention, the interpretation put 
upon this law by the Board of Regents within less than six months 
from the passage of the act can not but command admiration. In 
the early part of September, 1846, the Regents took steps toward 
formulating a plan of operations. The report of the committee 
appointed for this purpose, submitted in December and January 
following, shows a thorough consideration of the subject in both the 
spirit and letter of the law. It would seem not out of place to cite 
here the first pronouncement of the board with reference to the char- 
acter of the Museum : 

" In obedience to the requirements of the charter,^ which leaves 
little discretion in regard to the extent of accommodations to be 
provided, your committee recommend that there be included in the 
building a museum of liberal size, fitted up to receive the collections 
destined for the Institution. * * * 

"As important as the cabinets of natural history by the charter 
required to be included in the Museum, your committee regard its 
ethnological portion, including all collections that may supply items 
in the physical history of our species, and illustrate the manners, 
customs, religions, and progressive advance of the various nations of 
the world ; as, for example, collections of skulls, skeletons, portraits, 
dresses, implements, weapons, idols, antiquities, of the various races 
of man. * * * in this connexion your committee recommend 
the passage of resolutions asking the cooperation of certain public 
functionaries and of the public generally in furtherance of the 
above objects. 

" Your committee are further of opinion that in the Museum, if 
the funds of the Institution permit, might judiciously be included 
various series of models illustrating the progress of some of the most 
useful inventions; such, for example, as the steam engine from its 
earliest and rudest form to its present most improved state ; but this 
they propose only so far as it may not encroach on ground already 
covered by the numerous models in the Patent Office. 

" Specimens of staple materials, of their gradual manufacture, and 
of the finished product of manufactures and the arts may also, your 

' Since the lustitutioii was not chartered in a legal sense, but established by Conjsress, 
the nse of the word " charter " in this connection was not correct. 


committee think, be usefully introduced. This would supply oppor- 
tunity to examine samples of the best manufactured articles our 
country affords, and to judge her gradual progress in arts and manu- 
factures. * * * 

" The gallery of art, your committee think, should include both 
paintings and sculpture, as well as engravings and architectural 
designs ; and it is desirable to have in connexion with it one or more 
studios in which young artists might copy without interruption, be- 
ing admitted under such regulations as the board may prescribe. 
Your committee also think that, as the collection of paintings and 
sculpture will probably accumulate slowly, the room destined for a 
gallery of art might properly and usefully meanwhile be occupied dur- 
ing the sessions of Coongress as an exhibition room for the works of 
artists generally; and the extent and general usefulness of such an 
exhibit might probably be increased if an arrangement could be 
effected with the Academy of Design, the Arts Union, the Artists' 
Fund Society, and other associations of similar character, so as to 
concentrate at the metropolis for a certain portion of each winter 
the best results of talent in the fine arts." 

The important points in the foregoing report are (1) that it was 
the opinion of the Regents that a museum was requisite under the 
law, Congress having left no discretion in the matter; (2) that 
ethnology and anthropology, though not specially named, were yet 
as important subjects as natural history; (3) that the history of the 
progress of useful inventions and the collection of the raw materials 
and products of the manufactures and arts should also be provided 
for; (4) for the gallery of art the committee had models in existence, 
and they proposed, pending the gathering of art collections, which 
would of necessity be slow, to provide for loan exhibitions b}' co- 
operating with art academies and societies. 

In the resolutions which were adopted upon the presentation of the 
report, a museum was mentioned as " one of the principal modes of 
executing the act and trust." - The work was to go forward as the 
funds permitted, and, as is well known, the maintenance of the 
Museum and the library was long ago assumed by Congress, the 
Institution taking upon itself only so much of the necessary responsi- 
bility for the administration of these and subsequent additions to its 
activities as would weld them into a compact whole, which together 

' Resolved, That it is the intention of the act of Congress establishing the Institution, 
and in accordance with the design of Mr. Smlthson, as expressed in his will, that one 
of the principal modes of executing the act and the trust is the accumulation of collec- 
tions of specimens and objects of natural history and of elegant art, and the gradual 
formation of a library of valuable works pertaining to all departments of human knowl- 
edge, to the end that a copious storehouse of materials of science, literature, and art 
may be provided which shall excite and diffuse the love of learning among men, and shall 
assist the original investigations and efforts of those who may devote themselves to the 
pursuit of any branch of knowledge. 


form a unique and notable agency for the increase and diffusion of 
knowledge, for the direction of research, for cooperation with depart- 
ments of the Government and with universities and scientific societies 
in America, and likewise afford a definite correspondent to all scien- 
tific institutions and men abroad who seek interchange of views or 
knowledge with men of science in the United States. 

Since that early day the only material changes in the scope of the 
Government museum have been the addition of a department of 
American history, intended to illustrate by an appropriate assem- 
blage of objects the lives of distinguished personages, important 
events, and the domestic life of the country from the colonial period 
to the present time, and provision for the separate administration of 
the National Gallery of Art as a coordinate unit under the Smith- 
sonian Institution. From 1906 to 1920 the Gallery was adminis- 
tered as the department of fine arts of the Museum. 

The development of the Museum has been greatest in those subjects 
which the conditions of the past three-quarters of a century have 
made most fruitful — the natural history, geology, ethnology, and 
archeology of the United States, supplemented by many collections 
from other countries. The opportunities for acquisition in these 
directions have been mainly brought about through the activities of 
the scientific and economic surveys of the Government, many of 
which are the direct outgrowths of earlier explorations, stimulated or 
directed by the Smithsonian Institution. The Centennial Exhibition 
of 1876 afforded the first opportunity for establishing a department 
of the industrial arts, of which the fullest advantage has been taken, 
but the department or gallery of the fine arts made little progress, 
though not from lack of desire or appreciation, until 1906, when cir- 
cumstances led to its definite recognition. The historical collections 
have been greatly augmented within the past few years by large col- 
lections illustrative of the World War, including a' comprehensive 
series of aircrafts and their accessories. 

While it is the primary duty of a museum to preserve the objects 
confided to its care, as it is that of a library to preserve its books and 
manuscripts, yet the importance of public collections rests not upon 
the mere basis of custodianship nor upon the number of specimens 
assembled and their money value, but upon the use to which they are 
put. Judged by this standard, the National Museum may claim to 
have reached a high state of efficiency. From an educational point 
of view it is of great value to those persons who are so fortunate 
as to reside in Washington or who are able to visit the Nation's Capi- 
tal. In its well-designated cases, in which every detail of structure, 
appointment, and color is considered, a selection of representative 
objects is placed on view to the public, all being carefully labeled in- 
dividually and in groups. The child as well as the adult has been 


provided for and the kindergarten pupil and the high-school scholar 
can be seen here supplementing their class-room games or studies. 
Under authority from Congress the small colleges and higher grades 
of schools and academies throughout the land, especially in places 
where museums do not exist, are also being aided in their educational 
work by sets of duplicate specimens, selected and labeled to meet the 
needs of both teachers and pupils. 

Nor has the elementary or even the higher education been by any 
means the sole gainer from the work of the Museum. To advance 
knowledge, to gradually extend the boundaries of learning, has been 
one of the great tasks to which the Museum, in consonance with the 
spirit of the Institution, has set itself from the first. Its staff, though 
chiefly engaged in the duties incident to the care, classification, and 
labeling of collections in order that they may be accessible to the 
public and to students, has yet in these operations made important 
discoveries in every department of the Museum's activities, which 
have in turn been communicated to other scholars through its 
numerous publications. But the collections have not been held for the 
study of the staff nor for the scientific advancement of those belong- 
ing to the establishment. Most freely have they been put at the dis- 
posal of investigators connected with other institutions, without 
whose help the record of scientific progress based upon the material 
in the Museum would have been greatly curtailed. When it is pos- 
sible to so arrange, the investigator comes to Washington ; otherwise 
such collections as he needs are sent to him, whether he resides in this 
country or abroad. In this manner practically every prominent 
specialist throughout the world interested in the subjects here well 
represented has had some use of the collections and thereby the Na- 
tional Museum has come to be recognized as a conspicuous factor in 
the advancement of knowledge wherever civilization has a foothold. 



The maintenance and operations of the National Museum for the 
fiscal year from July 1, 1920, to June 30, 1921, were provided for by 
the following amounts appropriated in the sundry civil bill ap- 
proved June 5, 1920, and in the first and second deficiency bills ap- 
proved on March 1 and June 16, 1921, respectively : 

Preservation of collections $312. 620. 00 

Furniture and fixtures 20,000.00 

Heating and lighting; 74,000.00 

Building repairs 10.000.00 

Books 2, 000. 00 

Postage 500.00 

Printing and binding 64,202.70 

483. 322. 70 

The item for preservation of collections, from which are paid the 
administrative, scientific, preparatorial, and clerical staff, the watch, 
labor, and cleaning force, and the cost of all preservatives, has re- 
mained at $300,000 from 1911 until the present time. The additional 
$12,620 this year was given for the extension of the service to cover 
an additional building — the Freer Gallery of Art — for which it pro- 
vided watchmen, cleaners, and clerical help and the necessary mis- 
cellaneous supplies needed in connection therewith. It afforded no 
cessation of the strictest economy by means of which only is it pos- 
sible to continue the operations of the Museum. Present conditions 
can perhaps best be realized when it is mentioned that 10 years ago 
the item of $300,000 was considered insufficient to cover the needs of 
the Museum in these lines. Within this half decade, with its tre- 
mendous decrease in the purchasing power of the dollar, over 3,000,000 
specimens have been added to the collections, the scope of the Museum 
has been materially enlarged, and an additional building has been 
added to the Museum group, aside from the Freer Gallery. The 
appropriation alone has remained stationary. 

During this period increases have been granted, however, in the 
items for heating and lighting and for printing and binding, owing 
to the increased cost of coal and the tremendous increase in the cost 
of labor, paper, and other materials used in printing. On the other 
hand, even with the greatly extended service, the item for building 
71305°— 21 2 15 


repairs is now $5,000 less that it was 10 years ago, when the Natural 
History Building was new and naturally required comparatively 
little in the way of repairs. The amount for furniture and fixtures 
is likewise $5,000 less than it was for a number of years prior to the 
war when prices of labor and material were from 50 to 75 per cent 

Of the $64,202.70 appropriated this year for printing, $37,500 was 
the regular item, and $26,702.70 a deficiency item for the completion 
during the year of an unusual accumulation of work at the Govern- 
ment Printing Office. The Museum printing had for several years 
been held back for lack of sufficient available funds. 

A comparison of the operating expenses of the United States Na- 
tional Museum with museums of similar size and scope in this coun- 
try and abroad is extremely interesting, and brings out very strongly 
the inadequacy of the appropriations, especiallj^ with reference to the 
salaries paid to all classes of its employees. The scientific staflf is 
paid from 40 to 50 per cent less than scientific men of the same grade 
in similar museums elsewhere. 


The Aircraft Building was opened to the public on October 7, 1920, 
wiiereby the Museum added about 14,000 square feet of floor space to 
its exhibition halls. This metal structure, erected by the War De- 
partment on the Smithsonian Reservation in 1917 for the use of the 
United States Signal Service, was transferred to the custody of the 
Smithsonian after the close of the war. In it has been assembled a 
collection of aircraft and accessories in production during the war 

In the upkeep of the buildings the more important work performed 
in the Natural History Building included the construction of a locker 
room for the engineer force at the east entrance, ground floor; the 
painting of the ceiling and side walls of the corridor and the rooms 
in the east hall, ground floor, and of the corridor around the south, 
east, and west sides of the auditorium; the laying of cork flooring 
in the west and northwest ranges, ground floor; installing rubber 
interlocking tile flooring in two elevators at the north entrance ; and 
the painting of all concrete floors in corridors of the west hall, 
ground floor; also, the painting of the exterior surfaces of all metal 
window frames on the first and second floors and the wooden frames 
and sashes on the ground and third floors, and the preparation of the 
east court and planting the same with lawn grass. 

In the Arts and Industries Building the interior work included 
the pointing up and painting of walls and ceilings in several exhibi- 
tion halls and office rooms and, in the latter, the replacing of worn- 
out floors with new ones of pine. On the exterior, the snow brakes 


on the roofs were repaired, the roofs painted, and a beginning made 
of painting the exterior woodwork of all windows of the building. 
On the Smithsonian Building the only work of importance was the 
painting of the exterior woodwork of the windows in the east end. 

Wlien the Freer Building was planned, arrangements were made to 
procure heat, light, and power from the central heating plant, which 
the Institution was assured would be in a position to supply the same 
before needed. In the absence of such service, however, the Freer 
(iallery was connected with the Museum power plant, which necessi- 
tated the operation of the old boilers in the Arts and Industries 
Building during the coldest portion of the heating season. During 
this 3'ear the use of bituminous coal in these boilers was made possi- 
ble by the removal of the old flat grates and the installation of hand- 
operated stokers. The antiquated blow-off valve combination on the 
boilers in the Natural History Building was also replaced. 

Though the winter was a comparatively mild one, heat was fur- 
nished the buildings from October 6, 1920, to May 20, 1921, with a 
consumption of 3,224 tons of coal. Wliile the cheapest gi-ade is used, 
the cost of coal averaged $9.59 a ton. At one time it reached $10.70 a 
ton, about three times the contract price of 1916. The amount of 
electric current generated was 367,875 kilowatt hours, at a cost of 
3.285 cents a kiloAvatt hour. The ice plant, in operation for 4,017 
hours, produced 324.7 tons of ice, supplying all the buildings under 
the iSmithsonian Institution on the Mall. The increasing demand 
for ice will necessitate a new machine within a few years. 

The power plant remained shut down during July and August, 
1920, and from June 4 to 30, 1921. It is more economical to purchase 
needed electric current than to operate the Museum plant, since cur- 
rent can be bought during the summer months at 2^ cents a kilowatt 
hour by Government departments owning generating plants. This 
closing down of the plant permits also its operation during the year 
with fewer men — as the employees then take the greater portion of 
their leave — and allows a general overhauling of the machinery, 
obviating trouble during the heating season. 

Less trouble was experienced during the year than in the past 
four years in procuring the necessary labor, and for the first time in 
several years all of the men employed met the civil-service require- 
ments. While the quality of service rendered was not as high 
standard as desired, it proved fairly satisfactory. This can be read- 
ily understood when it is considered that the salaries of the assistant 
engineers and electricians are from 75 to 90 per cent less than those 
paid in private business in Washington. 


There were acquired during the year 62 exhibition cases (50 steel 
and 12 wooden), and 165 pieces of storage, laboratory and office fur- 
niture. Of the exhibition cases, 12 were made in the Museum, the 
other 50 transferred to the Museum by the Department of the In- 
terior, having been used at the Panama-Pacific International Ex- 
position at San Francisco in 1915. 

Of the 165 pieces of storage, laboratory and office furniture. 96 
pieces were manufactured in the Museum workshops and 69 were 
purchased. It is becoming more and more the policy of the Museum 
to manufacture its own furniture, as in most cases it can be done 
more economically, owing to the difference in the cost of labor. 

At the close of the fiscal year, there were on hand 3,647 exhibition 
cases and bases and 11,508 pieces of storage, laboratory and office 
furniture. In addition to these, there were 46,650 wooden unit 
drawers, 4,712 metal unit drawers, 1,047 wooden unit boxes, 224 
double unit boxes, and 11.244 insect drawers; also 752 winged frames, 
5,885 special drawers with paper bottoms, and 11,445 special drawers 
with compo bottoms. 


The total number of specimens acquired by the Museum during the 
year was approximately 338,120. Received in 1,730 separate acces- 
sions, they were classified and assigned as follows: Anthropology, 
3,824; zoology, 196,077; botany, 55,436; geology, mineralogy, and 
petrology, estimated, 21,772; paleontology, estimated, 50,000; textiles, 
wood, medicine, foods, and other miscellaneous organic products, 
943; mineral technology, 466; mechanical technolog}', 162; graphic 
arts, 2,296 ; and history, 7,144. 

Additional material, to the extent of 794 lots, mainly geological, 
was received for special examination and report. While this free de- 
termination of material sent in from all parts of the countr^^ requires 
considerable time on the part of specialists, it is not without advan- 
tage to the Museum in furnishing occasional desirable specimens and 
in recording new localities. 

About 25,000 specimens were sent out in exchange, for which the 
Museum received much valuable material specially desired for the 

The distribution of specimens for educational work was broadened 
this year to include objects from the department of anthropology. 
Of the 6,000 specimens distributed as gifts in aid of education dur- 
ing the period of this report, over 5,000 were comprised in classified 
and labeled sets of specimens prepared for schools and colleges, 
nearly 2,000 being ores and minerals. The other subjects represented 
were rocks, rock weathering and soil formation, mollusks, marine in- 


vertebrates, fishes, birds and birds' eggs, insects, pottery, basketry, 
and prehistoric implements. Another 10,000 specimens left the Mu- 
seum temporarily as loans to students and investigators in many jfields 
of science. 

The reports of the head curators in the natural history departments 
and of the curators in the other branches of the museum, beginning on 
page 39, give in detail the additions to and the work upon their 
collections during the year. 


In the 1920 report it was noted that the building for the Freer 
collections was nearing completion and the collections were being 
shipped to Washington from Detroit. On April 31, 1921, the final 
work in the construction of the building was completed by the George 
A. Fuller Co., and the structure was formally transferred to the 
Smithsonian Institution, being accepted on May 3, 1921, just four 
years and seven months after ground was broken for its erection. 
That this result was not reached earlier, as was anticipated at the be- 
ginning, was largely due to unforeseen delays incident to the World 
War, but the Avork was at all times conducted with that deliberation 
and attention to details necessary to stability and permanency of 
structure, and these it is believed have been obtained. Planned with 
special reference to accommodating a collection whose various units 
were known and of affording unusual facilities for study and re- 
search, the building is an object of art in itself and is bound to become 
a mecca for art lovers from all over the world. 

This 3'ear witnessed also the construction, under the officer in 
charge of public buildings and grounds, of the driveways and walks 
leading to the Freer Gallery and the seeding of the land iramedi- 
ately surrounding it, which has now been brought up to the standard 
of the balance of the Smithsonian Reservation. 

During the summer and autumn of 1920 the remaining portions 
of the Freer collections were brought to Washington from Detroit 
and stored in the building. The work of unpacking and installing 
the specimens was begun in the late autumn, under the able direction 
of Miss Katharine N. Rhoades, who had been associated with Mr. 
Freer in their care for some years. It is anticipated that some time 
must elapse before the exhibits are all in readiness and the halls can 
be opened to visitors. 

In December, 1920, Mr. John E. Lodge, curator of the department 
of Chinese and Japanese art in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, 
was appointed curator of the Freer Gallery and placed in charge. 
The Freer Gallery is being administered as an independent unit of 
the National Gallery of Art, but the heating, lighting, and guarding 
of the building continues to be carried on in connection with the 


National Museum sj^stem, since the Freer Gallery is dependent upon 
the Museum plant for heat, light, and power. 


Practically no progress was made this year in establishing the 
Loeb collection of chemical types owing to the diificulty experienced 
in moving to Washington the steel storage cabinet and other prop- 
erty purchased from the Morris Loeb fund, and which are still in 
the library of the Chemists' Club of New York City. 

Numerous .specimens for the type collection have been promised 
and will be turned over to the National Museum as soon as the 
storage cabinet, especially built to protect delicate specimens from 
deterioration, has been received and installed in its permanent place. 


Belonging as it does to the Nation, the National Museum receives 
important assistance from other governmental agencies. Particularly 
was this true during the fiscal year 1921. Credit is due to the Navv 
Department for transporting and installing in the Museum building 
many attractive exhibits in the World War collections; to the War 
Department for similar service, including the detail to the Museum 
of one officer for several months ; to the Dei^artments of Agriculture, 
Commerce, and the Interior and the Bureau of American Ethnology 
for many valuable contributions of specimens and much assistance 
in classifying and labeling objects in the Museum; to the Interior 
Department also for transferring exhibition cases no longer needed 
by it; and to the Post Office Department for large series of postage 

This cooperation is not entirely one-sided. The Museum renders 
aid to the executive departments whenever possible, as evidenced 
by the work of Dr. Ales Hrdlicka for the Department of Justice, by 
which over a million of dollars in land and money was saved for the 


Under the terms of the will of Dwight J. Partello, who died on 
August 13, 1920. the Museum is bequeathed his collection of musical 
instruments, bows, and cases, gathered during many years of collect- 
ing, 37 paintings, a gold and silver box or casket presented to Mr. 
Partello by the Czar of Russia, and a diploma and medal awarded 
him for his exhibit of violins at the Chicago Exposition in 1893. 
The unique collection illustrating the Italian school of violins is well 
known and of great intrinsic value. It numbers 25 instruments 
of the violin family, made by the best masters in pure construction, 
including Amati, Stradavari, Bergonzi, Guarnerius, and others. At 
the end of the fiscal year Mr. Partello's estate had not been settled. 


The present tendency" of museums to aid in the appreciation of the 
art of music, as evidenced by the lecture-recitals and concerts, now 
forming a regular feature in many museums of the country, makes it 
incumbent upon the National Museum to administer this collection 
so as best to benefit the public. The Museum has already a large 
and diversified collection of the musical instruments of both aborigi- 
nal and civilized peoples, exhibited under such conditions at present, 
however, that its true value can not be appreciated. It is expected 
that a better installation can be provided when more space becomes 
available which will undoubtedly lead to additional contributions 
needed to fill existing gaps. 


As customary the Museum exhibition halls were open free to the 
public from 9 a. m. to 4.30 p. m. on all week days during the year 
(holidays included), with one exception. On May 21, 1921, the 
various Museum buildings were closed all day out of respect to the 
late Chief Justice Edward Douglass White, for 10 years a Regent 
and for 8 years the Chancellor of the Smithsonian Institution. 

The Natural History Building was also opened to visitors every 
Sunday afternoon from 1.30 to 4.30. To accommodate strangers in 
Washington at inaugural time, this was extended on Sunday, March 
6, to all-dav service. The exhibition halls in the Smithsonian 
Building were likewise open on Sunday afternoon, March 27, to 
afford added opportunity for inspecting the collection of exquisite 
water-color paintings of wild flowers by Mrs. C. D. Walcott. Sun- 
day opening of all the buildings, though highly desirable, will only 
be possible when funds are available to provide additional watch- 
men and other attendants required. 

The number of visitors to the Natural History Building during 
the year aggregated 364,281 for week days and 103,018 for Sundays, 
being a daily average of 1,167 for the former and 1,981 for the 
latter. At the Arts and Industries Building the total attendance 
was 286,397. a daily average of 917. The xVircraft Building, opened 
to the public for the first time on October 7, 1920 (though subse- 
quently closed from October 14 to November 3, to permit of the 
installation of a naval airplane) had an attendance of 31,235. an 
average of 147 persons daily. The total attendance in the Smith- 
sonian Building on week days was 90,097, an average of 288, and on 
the one Sunday 138. 

The following tables show, respectively, the attendance of visitors 
during each month of the past year, and for each year since 1881, 
when the building devoted to arts and industries was first occupied. 


Number of visitors during the year ending June 30, 1921. 

Year and month. 
















Museum buildings. 

Arts and 

32, 167 
26, 757 

28, 721 

286, 397 


37, 817 
36, 251 

36, 741 

467, 299 









Number o/ visitors to the Museum and Smithsonian buildings since 1881. 





1884 (half year). 


















Museum buildings. 






167, 455 

202, 188 


286, 426 
269, 825 
195, 748 
201, 744 
225, 440 


152, 744 



174, 188 
105, 658 
103, 650 
115, 709 
99, 273 
133, 147 
151, 563 


1901-2. . 
1902-3. . 
190:'-4. . 
1907-8. . 
1908-9. . 
1920-21 . 

Museum buildings. 

Arts I Natu- 
and 1 ral 
Indus- ] His- 
tries. ! tory. 

315, 307 
220, 778 
210, 107 
245, 187 
228, 804 
172, 182 
146, 533 
133, 202 
146, 956 
161, 700 
266, 532 
250, 982 
286, 397 

Total 8,854,641 3,666,796 

50, 403 
151, 112 
329, 381 
321, 712 
381, 228 
407, 025 
401, 100 
1132; 859 
422, 984 


31, 235 




181, 174 





237, 182 


179, 163 



142, 420 






101, 504 




1 Building open only three months of the year. 



The publications of the year comprised 9 volumes and 60 separate 
papers. The former consisted of the Annual Report of the Museum 
for 1920 and Bulletins Nos. 106 (plates), 109, 110, 111, 112, 115, 
116, and 117. 

Of the 60 papers issued in separate form, three were parts of volume 
1 of Bulletin 100 ; one part of Bulletin 104 ; one part of volume 20, 
three of volume 22, and one of volume 23, "Contributions from the 
United States National Herbarium"; while five were from volume 
57, twenty -nine from volume 59, and seventeen from volume 59 of the 

In addition to the Museum publications, many contributions based 
on material in its collections were printed by other bureaus of the 
Government. All of the publications above referred to are cited 
in the bibliography forming part of this report. The editorial office, 
besides supervising the printing of the Museum publications, also has 
charge of all miscellaneous printing and binding. 

The distribution of volumes and separates to libraries and indi- 
viduals on the regular lists aggregated 75,546 copies, in addition to 
which some 13,367 copies of the publications of last and previous 
years were supplied in response to special applications. 


The library of the Museum is assembled almost exclusively with 
reference to the working up of the collections, and embraces a wide 
range of subjects in the sciences and arts, owing to the exceptional 
diversity of the specimens. The main library is housed in the Natural 
Histor\' Building, while the publications on the useful arts are pro- 
vided for in the Arts and Industries Building. Moreover, each of 
the divisions and principal offices has its own sectional library, con- 
sisting of the books relating wholly to its subject, which are with- 
drawn from the main branches and so distributed in order to facili- 
tate the progress of the work. The use of the library and its sections 
is not, however, restricted to members of the staff, being extended 
to all properly qualified persons, and this privilege is extensively 
availed of by the Government scientific bureaus and other establish- 
ments in Washington. 

The increment during the year, largely obtained through gift and 
exchange, amounted to 2,041 completed volumes and 2,719 pamphlets, 
increasing the number of books in the library to 150,067, of which 
58,658 are bound volumes and 91,409 pamphlets and unbound papers. 

The most important single acquisition to the geological section 
of the library since the foundation of the department in 1880 was 
received this year in the gift through Mrs. Francis D. Cleveland of 


the library of her brother, the hite Dr. Joseph Paxson Iddings, com- 
prising upward of 1,000 books and pamphlets, chiefly on geological 
subjects. Doctor Iddings, as is well known, was one of America's 
leading petrologists, and his 40 years' accumulation of author's ex- 
cerpts in this branch of science was unusually large. 


In illustrating Museum objects, largely for reproduction in the 
publications and in copying plans, diagrams, etc., required in con- 
nection with the work of the Museum, there were made in the photo- 
graphic laboratory during the year 1,954 negatives, 11,267 black and 
white prints, 42 bromide enlargements, 162 panoramas, and 144 lan- 
tern slides, besides developing 467 field negatives and mounting 
1,008 prints. A number of improvements in the apparatus and 
equipment make it much easier to handle the work in the laboratory. 


As customary the National Academy of Sciences held its annual 
meeting in the Natural History Building of the Museum on April 
25, 26, and 27, 1921, using the auditorium for the scientific sessions, 
open to the public, on the afternoon and evening of the 25th, and 
on the morning and afternoon of the 26th; while the adjoining 
committee room, No. 42-43, was used for the business meetings ex- 
tending through the forenoon of the 27th. 

The evening session was devoted to an address by His Serene High- 
ness Albert I, Prince of Monaco, Agassiz medalist, and was fol- 
lowed by a reception to the Prince in the halls assigned to the Na- 
tional Gallery of Art. Other speakers before the academy and their 
subjects included: Gilbert N. Lewis, "Ultimate rational units"; 
William Duane, " The quantum law and the Doppler effect " ; P. W. 
Bridgman, " Preliminary measurements of the effect of high pres- 
sures on the thermal conductivities of liquids"; C. E. Mendenhall 
and Max Mason, " The stratification of suspended particles " ; J. R. 
Carson, " Radiation from transmission lines " ; J. R. Carson and J. J. 
Gilbert, " Transmission characteristics of the submarine cable " ; 
W. F. Durand, "Application of the principle of similitude to the 
hydraulic problem of the surge chamber"; E, H. Hall, (1) " Theories 
of osmotic pressure," and (2) " Comments on the Borelius space- 
lattice theory of the metallic state " ; G. P. Merrill, " Metamorphism 
in meteorites"; W. M. Davis, (1) "The Island of Tagula, New 
Guinea, its satellites and coral reefs," and (2) " The shallow seas of 
Australasia "; A. G. Webster, (1) " On the radiation of energy from 
coils in wireless telegraphy," (2) " On the vibration of gun barrels," 
and (3) "On the problem of steering an automobile around a 


corner"; Edward Kasner, "A model of the solar gravitational 
field"; George D. Birkhoff, "On the problem of three or more 
bodies"; L. E, Dickson, (1) " Quaternions and their generaliza- 
tions," and (2) "Investigations in algebra and number theory"; 
H. F. Blichfeldt, " On the approximate solutions in integers of a set 
of linear equations"; H, N. Russell, "A provisional theory of new 
stars " ; F, Schlesinger, " The compilation of star catalogues by means 
of a doublet camera"; Vernon Kellogg, "The Xational Research 
Council " ; W. S. Adams, " The order of the stars " ; C. G. Abbot, 
" Cooking with solar heat on Mount Wilson " ; F. W. Clarke, " The 
evolution of matter"; Albert Einstein, "Relativity"; Austin H. 
Clark, " The classification of animals " ; L. O. Howard, " Attempts to 
acclimatize Aphelinus niali in France, South Africa, New Zealand, 
and Uruguay " ; C. D. Walcott, " Note on structure of the trilobite " ; 
J, C. Merriam, " Origin and history of the Ursidae or bears in the 
Western Hemisphere, with particular reference to the bearing of 
this question on problems of geographical history " ; H. F. Osborn, 
" The evolution, phylogeny, and classification of the Proboscidae " ; 
Simon Flexner, " Experiments in epidemiology " ; Graham Lusk, 
"Effect of administering various simple metabolites upon the heat 
production of the dog " ; Jacques Loeb, " The physical and chemical 
behavior of proteins"; Francis G, Benedict, Edward L. Fox, and 
Marion L. Baker, "The skin temperature of Pachyderms"; L. R. 
Jones, " The temperature factor in phytopathology " ; T. B. Osborne 
and L. B. Mendel, " Results of feeding experiments with mixtures 
of foodstuffs in unusual proportions " ; C. B. Davenport, " Popula- 
tion"; and E. L. Thorndike, "Measuring higher grades of intelli- 
gence." The following papers were presented by title only : J. M. 
Clarke, "Life of James Hall, of Albany, geologist and paleontolo- 
gist, 1811-1890"; Franz Boas, "The difference between variable 
series " ; Raymond Pearl and Charmian Howell, "A study of specific 
forces of mortality." 

The National Research Council used the auditorium on the even- 
ing of February 21, 1921, for a lecture by Dr. C. H. Herty on funda- 
mental chemistry, illustrated by a small exhibit displayed in the ad- 
joining foyer. 

To afford the many men and women throughout the country in- 
terested in venereal disease control work an opportunity of hearing 
lectures by leading authorities on the subject, the Bureau of Public 
Health Service, Treasury Department, conducted an Institute on 
Venereal Disease Control in the auditorium and committee rooms, 
from November 22 to December 4, including motion-picture demon- 
strations on the evenings of November 26 and 29 and December 1, 
and a meeting of the American Association of Women in Public 
Health on the evening of November 24. Rooms 45 and 46 and the 


auditorium lobby were devoted to the accompanying exhibits. The 
institute was followed by an All- American Conference on Venereal 
Diseases, held in Washington from December 6 to 11, 1920, the large 
public meetings being in the Museum auditorium, while rooms 44 
and 45 were given over to registration, exhibits, etc. 

For showing moving pictures of various subjects the Public Health 
Service also had the use of the auditorium on the afternoon of 
November 12 and on the mornings of January 31, March 9, 10, and 
25, and of rooms 42-43 for a noontime meeting on February 21. 

The Department of Agriculture, because of its proximity, made 
frequent use of the facilities afforded by the Museum. On the even- 
ing of March 21, four Department of Agriculture motion pictures 
were shown to an audience composed principally of department em- 
ployees. The auditorium was again used on the afternoon of March 
2, when the Southern Commercial Congress presented to the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture a replica of the painting by Szeldaties of the late 
David Lubin, the founder of the International Institute of Agricul- 
ture, with headquarters at Rome, Italy, under which 53 nations were 
federated. Mr. Lubin, from the time of the organization until his 
death, was the American delegate appointed by the State Department. 
The leadership of Mr. Lubin in directing the activities of the South- 
ern Commercial Congress resulted in the Federal farm loan act and 
other vital State and Federal legislation relating to the economic 
stability of the country. Through his creative genius he federated 
the world, based on agriculture, and it was the only tie that held 
during the World War. The International Institute of Agriculture 
was the only international body where the belligerent countries did 
not recall their delegates. Dr. Clarence J. Owens, director general 
of the Southern Commercial Congress, presided at the meeting and 
made the presentation. Other speakers were the Hon. Edwin T. 
Meredith, Secretary of Agriculture ; Hon. D. N. Fletcher, of Florida ; 
Hon. James Duval Phelan and Hon Julius Kahn, of California ; and 
the Italian ambassador. Senator Vittorio Rolandi Eicci, who spoke 
in his native tongue, being interpreted by Madame Olivia Eossetti 
Agresti, secretary to David Lubin. A message from the King of 
Italy was read at the meeting. 

For the benefit of the members of the department's staff who 
missed this opportunity to hear Madame Agresti, a special lecture 
by this interesting speaker was arranged in the auditorium on the 
evening of April 14, when she spoke on international economic 

The Federal Horticultural Board held an all-day meeting in Eoom 
42-43 on December 20, to consider the advisability of restricting 
importation of fruits and vegetables in raw or unmanufactured state 
from Cuba, the Bahamas. Jamaica, Canal Zone, India, Philippines, 


etc., on account of the citrus black fly. On May 16 and 17 the 
board had the auditorium for an important conference of persons in- 
terested in the cotton industry with reference to damage threatened 
by the pink boll worm. 

The Forest Service had the auditorium on four forenoons — on 
January 25 and February 16, for general meetings of the employees 
of the service, for showing lantern slides : on March 25, for a meet- 
ing of employees in connection with official work; and on June 10, 
for a meeting of employees to dedicate a memorial tablet in memory 
of the 19 employees of the Forest Service who lost their lives in the 
World War, the presentation being made by Mr. Herbert A. Smith, 
and the address of acceptance by Lieut. Col. William B. Greeley, 
Forester and Chief of the Forest Service. Music was furnished by 
the band of the Third United States Cavalry from Fort Myer. This 
Italian renaissance tablet of Sienna marble, following closely the 
style of certain old tablets in Italian cathedrals, is believed to be 
the only work of its kind in America. 

The Bureau of Plant Industry showed motion-picture films to the 
scientific staff of the bureau in the auditorium on the afternoon of 
November 18, and held its phytopathological seminar in room 42-43 
on the afternoon of March 10. 

States Kelations Service used the auditorium on three occasions, 
as follows: On the morning of November 17 and on the afternoon 
of April 13, for showing motion and stereopticon pictures relating to 
its activities, to the employees of the service, and on the forenoon of 
May 28, for an illustrated lecture by Dr. B. SjoUema, of the Veteri- 
nary University of Utrecht, the Netherlands, on some of the unique 
features of the agriculture of his country. The Potomac Garden 
Club, cooperating with the United States Department of Agricul- 
ture, held its annual meeting there on the evening of January 17. 

The members of the staff of the Bureau of Markets were called to- 
gether in the auditorium on the afternoon of September 24, and an 
all-day conference of United States game wardens, under the au- 
. spices of the Biological Survey, occupied room 42-43 on January 6. 

Twice was the auditorium at the disposal of the Army Medical 
School — on the afternoon of November 17, 1920, for a lecture by 
Dr. Hideyo Noguchi. of the Rockefeller Institute of Medical Re- 
search, delivered before the student officers of the school and members 
of the Medical Corps of the Army on duty in Washington, and on the 
afternoon of May 26, for the closing exercises of the 1920-21 session 
of the school. 

On April 21 Mr. D. F. Garland, on behalf of The National Cash 
Register Co., demonstrated welfare work to a group of employees 
of the Post Office Department. Other governmental agencies making 


use of the meeting facilities were the Commission of Fine Arts, on 
January 20 and 21, and the Federal Board of Vocational Education 
on June 13. 

The eleventh annual meeting of the American Farm Economic 
Association occupied the auditorium and committee room with after- 
noon and evening sessions on December 30, morning and afternoon 
sessions on December 31, and a morning session on January 1. On 
December 30 room 42-43 was utilized for a conference of representa- 
tives of national organizations engaged in rural social work with 
day and evening sessions. 

The annual convention of the Northern Nut Growers' Association 
convened in the auditorium, with morning and evening sessions on 
October 7, and morning and afternoon sessions on October 8, and an 
exhibit of nuts and mats in room 42-43. 

The American Institute of Architects was granted the auditorium, 
committee rooms, and the central portion of the foyer for the fifty- 
fourth annual convention of the institute, from May 11 to 13, and 
the Second National Architectural Exhibition, from May 12 to 19, 
inclusive, for the purpose of promoting and encouraging a wider 
public interest in architecture. In connection with this convention 
the Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture met in room 
42-43, on May 9 and 10, with an evening session in the auditorium 
on the latter date. The sessions of the institute included, besides 
meetings each day in the auditorium and room 42-43, one evening ses- 
sion in the auditorium on May 11 and a morning session on May 14 in 
room 42-43. The exhibition was inaugurated with a formal view 
on the evening of May 12, when the foyer and north lobby were 
opened to the invited guests of the institute and the public from 
8.30 to 11 p. m. The drawings, photographs, etc., of this collection 
were installed on temporary floor screens placed either side and down 
the central portion of the foyer. A number of the exhibits of the war 
collections were inclosed by the screens, some of the cases being moved 
between the piers, and screens built on either side of them. The 
walls in the auditorium lobby were also used for exhibiting drawings 
and photographs, and a special exhibit belonging to the Architects' 
Small House Service Bureau, of Minnesota, was installed on portable 
screens against the south wall of the north lobby, either side of the 
entrance to the foyer. 

The twelfth annual convention of the American Federation of 
Arts convened in Washington on May 18, 19, and 20, 1921. The 
afternoon session on the 18th was held in the Museum auditorium 
and was devoted to the general subject of art and the people. It 
was opened with a demonstration by Mr. Ross Crane, of the Better 
Homes Institute of the Art Institute of Chicago, of " Art in the 
home." The stage was set as a living room, with mantel, windows, 


and doors; and the furniture, lent by one of the local dealers, was 
brought' in piece bj^ piece until the room was complete. Thus was 
shown how the Better Homes Institute, by the use of stage set and 
actual objects of everyday use, is demonstrating to the people of 
the Middle West the relation of art to life, creating a popular de- 
mand for better art in house furnishings and helping to induce a 
larger market for industrial art products. Mr. Allen Eaton, of 
the Sage Foundation, spoke on " Pictures for the schoolroom," ex- 
hibiting a number of prints he had selected for a schoolroom print 
exhibition for circulation by the federation. Mr. L. M. Churbuck, 
director of the art department of the Massachusetts State Fair, pre- 
sented an excellent paper on " Art in State fairs." Miss Mary Powell, 
of the art department of the St. Louis Public Library, presented 
the subject, " Art in the public library," and Mr. John L. Braun, 
president of the Philadelphia Art Alliance, made a telling plea for 
" The alliance of the arts." 

On the evening of the same date the Eegents and Secretary of the 
Smithsonian Institution tendered the members of the federation and 
their friends a reception, with a special view of the exhibition of 
war portraits in the National Gallery of Art, Dr. Charles D. Wal- 
cott, Mrs. Walcott, Mr. Robert W. de Forest, and Mrs. John W. 
Alexander receiving the visitors. 

This collection, brought together by the National Art Committee, 
comprised 21 canvases by American artists, portraits of distinguished 
leaders of America and of the Allied Nations during the World War, 
and is to form the nucleus for a National Portrait Gallery. As such 
it will be shown by the American Federation of Arts in the various 
cities of the country before being permanently deposited in Wash- 
ington. In planning the circuit it was arranged to have the collec- 
tion temporarily in the National Gallery of Art at the time of the 
convention for the benefit of the members of the federation. 

The main hall of the National Gallery was given over to the por- 
trait collection (which was on exhibition from May 5 to May 22), 
small portions of the halls of ethnology, to the northeast, being 
screened off to display paintings from the Evans collection tempo- 
rarily displaced. Opportunity was offered the delegates to see 
not only the National Gallery exhibits but also those of the Museum 
in other fields, as the foyer and west ranges of the ground floor and 
the entire first floor of the building were open for inspection from 
8 to 11. 

The Madame Curie committee of Washington arranged a meeting 
in the auditorium on the evening of May 20, in honor of Madame 
Marie Curie, the codiscoverer of radium. Madame Curie was wel- 
comed by Secretary Walcott, honorary chairman of the committee, 
and by Miss Julia Lathrop, on the part of the women of Washington, 


after which Dr. E. A. Millikan, of the University of Chicago, de- 
livered an address on radium. A large number of floral bouquets, 
contributions from local women's organizations and others, were 
presented to Madame Curie. The Museum exhibits on the ground 
and first floors were open to inspection during the evening. In con- 
nection with Madame Curie's visit, a special exhibit of radium ores, 
radioactive minerals, and radiographs was prepared by the depart- 
ment of geology and placed in the main passage of the Art Gallery, 
being removed later to a permanent location in the east end of the 
mineral hall on the second floor. 

Another reception in the Natural History Building, on the even- 
ing of October 19, enabled the delegates to the convention of the 
American Bankers' Association, and their friends, to inspect the 
exhibition halls, as a part of the program for acquainting the bankers 
with governmental activities in Washington. 

The American Society of Mammalogists held its annual meeting 
in the Museum, with day sessions in room 42-43 on May 2, 3, and 4, 
and an evening session on May 2 in the auditorium. At the latter 
Mr. Arthur H. Fisher gave a talk on animals in zoological gardens, 
illustrated with many wonderful motion pictures recently made in 
the National Zoological Park and in the Philadelphia Zoo. From 
November 9 to 11 the auditorium was used during the daytime for 
the thirty-eighth stated meeting of the American Ornithologists 

Under the auspices of the Geological Society of Washington, Mr. 
William T. Lee lectured in the auditorium on November 20, on the 
use of aerial photographs in geography. This was illustrated by 
stereopticon views of natural scenery and of objects of geographic 
interest and of submarine objects as seen from an airplane, and by 
a series of motion pictures taken from hydroplanes showing scenes 
on the Potomac, the Pacific fleet passing through the Panama Canal, 
and scenes along the coast of California. 

The regular annual meeting of the Audubon Society of the Dis- 
trict of Columbia, held in the hall on the evening of Januarj'- 26, 
featured two illustrated addresses on bird life. 

The Washington Academy of Sciences arranged a lecture by Dr. 
E. B. Rosa, of the Bureau of Standards, on "A reorganization of 
the civil service," on the evening of October 21, and, under the 
auspices of the Osteopathic Association of the District of Columbia, 
Dr. A. G. Hildreth spoke on the evening of November 15 on " How 
to escape insanity and nervous disorders." 

Of timely interest also Avas a series of evening lectures in the audi- 
torium arranged b}^ the School of Foreign Service of Georgetown 
University on the " History and nature of international relations," 


the principal phases of the history of relations between sovereign 
states from the earliest antiquity down to our own day being treated 
by acknowledged masters in their respective fields, some of the 
speakers being permitted two evenings to develop their themes. 
The topics and speakers were as follows: October 21 and 22, 1920, 
" The concept of international relations in antiquity," by Dr. Mi- 
chael I. Rostovtseff; November 19, "Medieval diplomacy," by Dr. 
Carlton J. H. Hayes ; December 3 and IT, " The development of 
diplomacy in modern times," by Dr. James Brown Scott ; January 7, 
1921, "The Far East and Africa as factors in the development of 
international relations," by Hon. Paul S. Reinsch: January 21, 
" Latin America as a factor in the development of international re- 
lations," by Hon. L. S. Rowe; February 11, "Economic factors in 
international relations," by Dr. James Lawrence Laughlin; March 
11, " The effect of the development of juristic science upon interna- 
tional relations," by Dr. Roscoe Pound; March 18 and April 8, 
" The United States as a factor in the development of international 
relations," by Dr. Edwin M. Borchard ; April 22 and May 6, "Arbi- 
tration and other agencies for the proper conduct of international 
relations," by Hon. John Bassett Moore ; May 19, " Elements for 
the scientific study of diplomacy," by Dr. Stephen P. Duggan. 

The university also had the auditorium on the evening of January 
14, when " The future significance of the Slavic world, and particu- 
larly Russia, in economic affairs," was the topic of short addresses 
before the School of Foreign Service by Rev. E. A. Walsh, Mr. 
Jolui Hays Hammond, and Mr. Oscar T. Crosby. The Anthropolog- 
ical Society of ^Yashington and the Entomological Society of Wash- 
ington held their regular meetings of the season in room 42-3, 
Natural History Building. 

First Pom, Pacific Scientific Congress. — At the First Pan Pacific 
Scientific Congress, held in Hawaii from August 2 to August 20, 
1920, the Musernn was represented by the following members of the 
staff of the Smithsonian Institution : Mr. John B. Henderson, regent 
of the Smithsonian, Dr. Paul Bartsch, Mr. Gerrit S. Miller, jr., 
Mr. T. Wayland Vaughan, and Mr. Gerard Fowke. 

The meetings were held in Honolulu, excepting those from Au- 
gust 7 to 12, when an excursion was made to the island of Hawaii to 
visit the wonderful active volcano Kilauea, various volcanological 
problems being discussed during the stay there. The rest of the 
program consisted of a general session each morning, held in the 
throne room of the capitol, and sectional sessions in the afternoon, 
the conference being divided into the following sections: Anthro- 
pology, biology, botany, entomology, geography, and seismology. 
71305°— 21 3 



At the close of the year the Museum organization comprises, besides 
an administrative office, 4 scientific and technical departments and 
1 independent division, as follows: The department of anthro- 
pology, with 4 divisions and 3 sections; the department of biology, 
with 9 divisions and 16 sections; the department of geology, with 
3 divisions and 3 sections; the department of arts and industries, 
with 5 divisions and 4 sections ; and the division of history, which, 
while independent of these departments, has not yet reached the 
dignit}' of a department. History has one section, making a total of 
49 recognized subdivisions of the Museum. 

The scientific staff of the Museum consisted of 1 keeper ex officio, 
1 director, 3 head curators, 12 curators, 4 honorary curators, 6 asso- 
ciate curators, 13 assistant curators, 23 custodians, 4 assistant custo- 
dians, 8 aids, 10 associates, 7 collaborators, 1 philatelist, and 1 
assistant, a total of 94 persons, of whom less than half received pay 
from the Museiun. This by no means represents all the scientific 
workers on the collections, for the Museum also has much regular 
assistance from employees of various other governmental agencies in 
Washington, particularly the Department of Agriculture and the 
Geological Survey, in classifying and arranging, and placing on 
exhibition the specimens in their respective fields of investigation. 

A synopsis of the work attaching to each position in the Museum 
was prepared this year and forwarded to the Bureau of Efficiency in 
connection with a bill before Congress on the subject of the reclassi- 
fication of the employees of the Government. 

The changes in organization during the year were numerous. The 
National Gallery of Art, which had for a number of years been 
administered as the fine arts department of the Museum, became an 
independent bureau under the Smithsonian Institution on July 1, 
1920, through provision for its separate maintenance in the sundry 
civil appropriation act for the year 1921. To the new bureau were 
transferred such of the Museum's collections as had been in the 
custody of the curator of the National Gallery of Art, consisting of 
paintings, sculptures, and a few miscellaneous pieces. For the present 
the gallery continues to be housed in the Natural History Building of 
the Museum. 

Dr. William H. Holmes severed his connection with the Museum 
on July 1, 1920, to become director of the National Gallery of Art, 
and carries with him to his larger field the good will of the entire 
Museum staff. Doctor Holmes has long been associated with the 
Institution and Museum. In the latter he served as curator of 
aboriginal pottery from 1882 to 1893, as head curator of the depart- 
ment of anthropology from its organization in 1897 to 1902, when he 



resigned to become chief of the Biu'eau of American Ethnology, 
returning to the Museum as head curator of anthropology in 1910. 
The present excellent condition of the anthropological exhibits is a 
monument to his taste and ability. When, in 1906, it became neces- 
sary to provide a somewhat definite organization for the department 
of fine arts of the Musemn, the curatorship of the National Gallery 
of Art was tendered to Mr. Holmes and accepted by him, in addition 
to his duties at the Bureau of American Ethnology. During all 
the intervening time Doctor Holmes has given freely of his time and 
strength for the National Gallery without financial return. 

Dr. Walter Hough, curator of ethnology, was made acting head 
curator of the department of anthropology upon Doctor Holmes's 

On July 1, 1920, the division of graphic arts was transferred 
from the department of anthropology to that of arts and industries, 
where it more proj)erly belongs, and Mr. Ruel P. Tolman was pro- 
moted to assistant curator and placed in charge. 

At the same time the division of histor^^ was removed from the 
department of anthropolog}^ and made an independent division, re- 
porting directly to the administrative assistant in charge of the 
Museum. Capt. J. J. Hittinger, of the Quartermaster Corps of the 
United States Army, on detail from the War Department to assist 
in the installation of the World War collections, severed his associa- 
tion with the Museum in December, 1920, upon retirement from the 
Department. Captain Hittinger rendered valuable service to the 
Museum in this connection. The aid in history, Miss Marie V. Schif- 
fer, resigned on August 26, 1920, and Mr. Charles Carey was ap- 
pointed an assistant in the division on November 2, 1920, giving 
special attention to the World War collections. 

In line of better administration, the collections of mollusks were 
removed from the division of marine invertebrates on February 1, 
1921, and the division of mollusks was reestablished, with Dr. Paul 
Bartsch in charge as curator, and Mr. Waldo L. Schmitt was ad- 
vanced to be curator of the division of marine invertebrates. The 
rotatoria and the helminthological collections went with the divi- 
sion of mollusks. Mr. Charles R. Shoemaker was promoted from 
aid to assistant curator in marine invertebrates on March 16, 1921, 
and Miss Pearl L. Boone's connection as aid in that division ceased 
on April 7, 1921. 

Mr. Carl W. Mitman, curator of mechanical technology, was 
appointed curator also of mineral technology' and placed in 
charge, with the title " curator, divisions of mineral and mechanical 
technology." He will be aided by an assistant curator in each of 
the divisions. Mr. Mitman's early connection with the Museum 


was with the collections of mineral technology, of which he was 
aid and later assistant curator. The aid in mechanical technology, 
Miss Barbara E. Bartlett, resigned in October, being succeeded on 
April 1, 1921, by Mr. Paul E. Garber. 

Beginning May 1, 1921, Mr. Neil M. Judd, curator of American 
archeology, was granted leave of absence for five months to con- 
duct explorations for the National Geographic Society, and Mr. 
John L. Baer was appointed acting curator for the period. 

Mrs. Lucile Simpson Stelle, aid in paleobotany, resigned on July 
31, 1920, and Miss Jessie G. Beach, having met the civil-service 
requirements, was promoted from the position of typist to that of 
aid in paleontology on October 16, 1920. Mr. Ellsworth P. Killip, 
who at the beginning of the year was serving a temporary appoint- 
ment as aid in the division of plants, was given permanent status as 
such on August 27, 1920. 

The combination of the property office and the shipping office 
effected August 1, 1919, was discontinued August 1, 1920, the two 
offices being separated, Mr. W. A. Knowles remaining in charge of the 
former as property clerk, and Mr. L. E. Perry taking over the latter as 

On November 12, 1920, in recognition of his activity in building up 
the collection of pianos in the Museum, Mr. Hugo Worch was given 
an honorary appointment as custodian of musical instruments. Other 
honorary members added to the staff during the year were Dr. Whit- 
man Cross, as associate in petrology, on October 19, 1920 ; Dr. David 
Starr Jordan, as associate in zoology, on January 13, 1921 ; Mr. Max 
M. Ellis, collaborator in marine invertebrates, April 25, 1921 ; and 
Mr. W. L. McAtee, acting custodian of Hemiptera, on December 21, 

Under the provisions of the retirement act of May 22, 1920, the 
Museum was deprived of the services of five members of its force in 
August, 1920, all of whom had reached the age limit and three had 
had over 30 years of service each. They were Miss S. E. Latham, 
and Messrs. A. B. Thorne, W. O. Strieker, W. H. Haney, and D. R. 

The Museum lost by death during the year Dr. J. P. Iddings, asso- 
ciate in petrology; Messrs. Nelson P. Wood and William Palmer, 
taxidermists; and Mr. T. W, Reese, watchman. 


Dr. Joseph Paxson Iddings. associate in petrology, died on 
Wednesday morning, September 8, 1920. Although not actively en- 
gaged in museum work. Professor Iddings's connection with the de- 
partment of geology of the Museum was of more than ordinary im- 
portance. He was one of the most widely and favorably known of 


American petrologists, and took a deep interest in the development 
of this particular branch of the science. His large collections of 
volcanic rocks, made during his extensive trips throughout the prin- 
cipal volcanic districts of the world, were installed among the collec- 
tions of the Museum, where they remain accessible for reference and 
study, and form an important addition to the already large series 
of studied material in the department. 

During the early portion of his career, from 1880 to 1895, Doctor 
Iddings was connected with the United States Geological Survey, 
and was the author of several publications of importance by that 
organization. Among the most important may be mentioned : 

The Obsidian Cliffs of the Yellowstone National Park. 

On the Development of Crystallization in Igneous Kocks. 

On a Group of Volcanic Rocks from the Tewan Mountains. 

The Microscopic Petrography of the Eruptive Rocks of the Eu- 
reka District of Nevada. 

The Eruptive Rocks of Electric Peak and Sepulchre Mountains, 
and the chapters on petrography in part 2 of the monograph of 
the Yellowstone National Park. 

His best known personal publications are his translation of H. 
Rosenbusch's Physiography of the Rockmaking Minerals (1898) ; 
Rock Minerals (1906) ; Igneous Rocks, 2 volumes (1909) ; and The 
Problem of Vulcanism (1914). He was also one of the most active 
and influential of the authors of the Quantitative Classification of 
Igneous Rocks (1903). A striking feature of his work was his 
accuracy and careful attention to detail. 

From 1895 to 1908 he was professor of petrology in the Univer- 
sity of Chicago, since which time he lived for the most part at Brink- 
low, Md., devoting himself largely to private work, and particularly 
to the petrology of the Pacific and South Sea Islands. 

He was a man of broad culture, dignified and gentlemanly bear- 
ing, and his loss will be everywhere most deeply felt. 

By the death of Mr. N. R. Wood, on November 8. 1920, the Na- 
tional Museum lost one of its most skilled preparators, a man well 
known over the country as the most expert of bird taxidermists. Mr. 
Wood was born in New York State in 1852. When about 27 years 
of age he was employed by Ward's natural history establishment at 
Rochester, N. Y. Here, for the first time, his work was congenial and 
he made rapid advances in the general work which was assigned 
him.. It was soon observed that he was especially interested in the 
mounting of birds, at which he would work in his own time after 
hours, and he was assigned as assistant to their best bird taxideraiist. 
Deficient in natural mechanical ability, it was only after the most per- 
sistent effort that he finally reached the point where he could make 


the bird skin take the form which he had mentally determined to be 
the natural and best position. While at Ward's establishment he made 
advances in the methods, but it was not until he had been in the 
National Museum for some time that he was at his best. His work 
on dry skins and dismounting and remounting old birds was per- 
fected here. 

Mr. Wood came to the Museum in 1888, and at first was employed 
to assist Mr. William T, Hornaday in taking care of the live animals 
in the shed adjoining the Smithsonian Building — the beginning of 
the National Zoological Park collections. After a little time he began 
to mount birds for the Chicago Exposition, and his work won the 
approval of Mr. Robert Ridgway, and when there was a vacancy in 
bird taxidermy he was placed there and continued in this work until 
his death. 

In years to come, as now, Mr. Wood will be known by his fine work 
displayed in the mounted bird collection on exhibition in this Museum. 
The hawks and owls, parrots, and game birds, the greater number 
remounted by him, show the quality of his work and point to the 
loss which the Museum has sustained in his death. 

William Palmer, for many years a valued member of the Museum 
force, died in New York City on April 8, 1921. He was born at 
Penge, England, August 1, 1856, and came to this country with 
his father, the late Joseph Palmer, in 1868. The elder Palmer 
became connected with the Museum in 1873 as its preparator, and 
was particularly skillful in all matters pertaining to modeling, 
casting, the coloring of reproductions, and taxidermy. William 
Palmer, under the tutelage of his father, became, in time, equally 
adept in these subjects. He joined the Museiun force in 1874 as 
an assistant to his father. In 1883 he was sent to New Haven, 
Conn., to prepare the large models of the giant squid and octopus 
exhibited at the Great International Fisheries Exhibition in London, 
and later transferred here, where they, and many other examples of 
his art, still remain. With Messrs, Lucas and ScoUick, of the 
Museum force, he went to Newfoundland, in the spring of 1903, and 
took part in the preparation of a mold and skeleton of a 78-foot 
sulphur-bottom whale. A year later he accompanied Dr. G. P. 
Merrill to the State of Sinaloa, Mexico, for the purpose of making a 
mold of the great Bacubarito meteorite. 

Mr. Palmer was an excellent general naturalist, and was par- 
ticularly well versed in the local fauna and flora, in which he had 
specialized for many years. He began a collection of birds in 
the spring of 1874, which in time became a very important one, 
and contained many local rarities and records, some of which are 
still unique. In the course of his ornithological work he had the 


distinction of adding two species of birds to the known avifauna of 
this continent, in addition to describing several previously unrecog- 
nized subspecies. 

Palmer's skill and knowledge as a natural history collector caused 
him to be detailed on various expeditions where the best results 
were required, and in this capacity he visited Funk Island in 1887 
with Doctor Lucas in a very successful search for remains of the 
extinct great auk. In 1890 he was detailed to make collections on 
the Pribilof Islands, and in 1900, 1902, and 1916 to visit Cuba. He 
accompanied Mr. Owen Bryant on a very productive collecting 
expedition, though one fraught with numerous privations, to western 
Java, in 1909 and 1910. In the aggregate, he collected many 
thousands of specimens of animals and plants, as well as fossil 
remains and miscellaneous material, not only on official expeditions 
but on those prosecuted on his own account, and most of this material 
has found its way into the National Museum series over a long period 
of years. By the terms of his will, Mr. Palmer has also bequeathed 
his private collection of birds to the Museum. 

In recent years Mr. Palmer had become much interested in 
vertebrate fossil remains in the deposits at the Calvert Cliffs, near 
Chesapeake Beach, Md., and made many trips there in search of 
material, both officially, and in his own time. He was engaged 
in studies of cetacean remains from this locality at the time of 
his death. 

Mr. Palmer was a Fellow of the American Ornithologists' Union, 
a member of several scientific socities, and the author of over 50 
papers and notes on ornithological and other biological subjects. 


By Walter Hough, Acting Head Curator. 

On the appointment of Dr. W. H. Holmes as director of the 
National Gallery of Art on July 1, 1920, the curator of ethnology 
was appointed acting head curator of anthropology. 

A consistent growth is observed in the department year by year. 
Relieved of responsibilities lately connected with divisions of the 
museum not germane to its work, it has moved forward more rapidly. 
The department as now administered comprises the divisions of 
physical anthropology, ethnology, American archeology, and Old 
World archeology, which are closely knit sciences, and the sections 
of musical instruments, ceramics, and art textiles. These branches 
record commendable progress during the period of this report. 

Administration of the division of ethnology and the sections of 
art textiles, musical instruments, and ceramics was continued by the 
acting head curator, also cooperation with the division of history in 
respect to installations and anthropological laboratory preparations 
in the section of period costumes. 


The accessions generallj'^ were of diversified character and tending 
to improve the collections. They were acquired at negligible ex- 
pense. The crowded condition of the museum, necessitating the ac- 
ceptance of desirable collections only by gift or bequest without 
conditions, has limited the accession of loans. The accessions of the 
year, therefore, are mainly a permanent gain to the museum. 

Of exceptional value and interest to the division of ethnology is 
the collection of California Indian baskets from the Missions, a 
supplementary gift from Miss Ella F. Hubby, of Pasadena and New 
York. A blanket robe of dog and mountain goat hair, woven by the 
Cowichan Indians of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, decorated 
with a Chilkat totemic painting in soft colors, is a unique specimen 
gift of Mrs. Charles C. Plyde of Washington, D. C. A single specimen 
of ancient Hawaiian wood carving in form of an image of a god 
can probably not be duplicated. It was collected by Rear Admiral 
J. V. B. Bleecker, United States Navy, many years ago. The image 
is of the Easter Island type. A collection of the very scarce ma- 



terial from the Flathead Indians of British Columbia, consisting of 
carved horn bowls, spoons, fishhooks, etc., was presented by Dr. 
E. A. Spitzka, Washington, D. C. Twenty-four ancient ivory carv- 
ings designed as fetishes, mostly from the Walaka and Baluba Ne- 
groes, Lower Congo, Africa, were purchased. 

The following accessions to American archeology are deserving 
of special notice: A collection of 128 archeological specimens, many 
of which appear to exhibit contact with non-Pueblo peoples, gath- 
ered b}^ Mr. J. A. Jeancon for the Bureau of American Ethnology 
from an ancient ruin near Taos, N. Mex., and transferred by the 
bureau ; a collection of 114 antiquities from cliff dwellings and other 
prehistoric ruins northwest of the Rio Colorado, made for the Bureau 
of American Ethnolog}'^ by Mr. Neil M. Judd and subsequently 
transferred b}'^ the bureau; a bronze ax blade and a highly embel- 
lished, cylindrical earthenware vase from Salvador, presented by 
Sr. Emilio Mosonyi ; a series of 183 specimens from prehistoric ruins 
in the Chaco Canyon National Monument, N. Mex., collected by Neil 
M. Judd under the auspices of the National Geographic Society, 
which later presented the material to the national collections; a 
carved jade tiki or fetish from New Zealand, secured through ex- 
change with Mr. Louis C. G. Clarke ; and two collections of Mexican 
antiquities obtained by Maj. Harry S. Bryan. The first of these 
is a gift of 12 specimens ; the second, a loan, includes 64 specimens. 
Dr. Walter Hough presented an interesting series of shell beads and 
pendants and stone fetishes from Keetseel Ruin, Arizona, and the 
Zuni region, New Mexico. A carved wooden Floridian image, found 
in reclaimed soil which Lake Okeechobee formerly covered to a depth 
of 6 feet, was given to the Museum b}^ Mr. M. A. Millar, Venus, Fla. 

A most noteworthy accession to the division of Old World arche- 
ology is a valuable collection of Buddhist religious art, consisting 
of old bronze statues and figures, lacquered shrines, and exquisitely 
painted kakemonos from China and Japan, gift of Mrs. Murray 
Warner; another small collection of Buddhist bronze figures de- 
serves notice, inasmuch as, besides its intrinsic artistic value, it 
filled some gaps in the Museum collection of tlie Buddhist pantheon, 
gift of Mrs. John Van Rensselaer Hoff. Mention is also made of a 
small collection of finely worked embroideries with Christian themes, 
gift from the estate of Mrs. Mary E. Pinchot ; and the collection of 
Jewish ceremonial, which includes a considerable number of artis- 
ticall}^ worked silver vessels from Palestine, lent by Mr. Ephraim 

Of the accessions in physical anthropology which deserve special 
notice, the foremost place belongs to the " Huntington collection " of 
skeletal material. This collection is received formally as an " ex- 
change," but is really in the main a gift from the College of Physicians 


and Surgeons of Columbia University, New York City, through 
Prof. George S. Huntington. Small portions of this material were 
already in our possession as the result of exchanges in previous years; 
it consists of the identified skeletal remains of upward of 1,500 indi- 
viduals of known sex, age, color, nationality, and cause of decease. 
It includes in ample number for all desired information representa- 
tives of the different parts of the white race which are entering into 
the composition of the American people, and as such will have a con- 
stantly increasing value for mutual comparisons. The scientific im- 
portance of this material can hardly be estimated, and it is not too 
much to say that it practically doubles the value of our collection. 
No other collection of equal extent is in existence. Another collection 
of importance is that of 27 human brains donated to the Museum by 
Dr. Edward Anthony Spitzka, Washington, D. C. The next collec- 
ttion of note is that of 10 Arikara skulls and 3 skeletons donated 
by the University of South Dakota, through Prof. Freeman Ward, in 
return for a report on their collections. These specimens are in 
good condition and fill what was almost a complete void in our col- 
lections. Mention should also be made of a quantity of skeletal 
material collected in Tennessee by Mr. W. E. Myer, of Nashville, 
Tenn., and transmitted to the Museum by the Bureau of American 

In addition to the above there were a series of smaller accessions of 
crania and skeletons from various parts of this continent. 

A loan collection of rare oriental rugs was received in art textiles, 
replacing those hung last year. This collection was sent by a public- 
spirited Washingtonian to be exhibited for the benefit of the public. 
The weavings number 38 and typify the chief varieties of these 
artistic textiles. 

The section of musical instruments reports that the Worch col- 
lection of pianos has been enriched by the gift of a copy of the 
harpsichord used by Johann Sebastian Bach, the great composer. 
The original is in the Museum at Stuttgart, Germany. Two copies 
were permitted to be made and one of these is now displayed in the 
Worch collection in the National Museum. The instrument has four 
pedals and four stops, a surprising mechanical equipment for the 
period. A dulcitone, an instrument whose sounding apparatus is a 
succession of graded tuning forks, was procured by Mr. Worch from 
Glasgow, Scotland. Eleven other valuable pianos, illustrative of the 
history otthis instrument, were added to the collection by Mr. Worch. 
A piano liandsomely decorated by Cottier of New York was given by 
Mrs. Gouverneur Morris, Washington, D. C. 

The collection of master violins bequeathed to the Museum by the 
late Dwight J. Partello and whose disposition lias attracted wide 


public interest is subject to litigation, and its acquisition by the Mu- 
seum depends upon action by the courts. 

A set of 169 pieces of heavy porcelain with blue decoration was 
received b}'^ the section of ceramics as a bequest from Miss Caroline 
Henry. This porcelain was given to Prof. Joseph Henry b}"- the 
first Japanese minister to the United States. The ware is interest- 
ing as representative of the first somewhat crude attempts to adapt 
Euroj^ean forms in Japanese ceramic art; Mr. Grosvenor B. Clark- 
son, Washington, D. C, presented two Japanese porcelain vases in 
blue and white ; Miss Freeman and Mrs. B. H. Buckingham, Wash- 
ington, D. C, presented six large Japanese and Chinese plaques 
with rich decoration in colors and a Japanese bronze statuette. 


Dr. W. L. Abbott is a constant contributor of the results of his 
numerous explorations east and west. At present his material is 
coming from Haiti and Santo Domingo. The major expeditions 
of a scientific nature have contributed little material for anthro- 
pology. Special archeological explorations in Arizona and New 
Mexico directed by the Museum, the Bureau of American Eth- 
nology, and the National Geographic Society added much excellent 
material. The expedition of the National Geographic Society to 
the Chaco Canyon ruined cities in New Mexico, directed by Mr. Neil 
M. Judd, of the National Museum, is expected to produce important 
results. This expedition, which set off in April, contemplates five 
years researches in Chaco Canyon. The preliminary work on this 
expedition was carried on during the summer and a large collection 
of artifacts sent in. Dr. J. Walter Fewkes's epoch-making investi- 
gations on Mesa Verde, Colo., for the Bureau of American Eth- 
nology and the Department of the Interior were productive of dis- 
tinctive scientific and educational results. 



It is difficult to characterize the multifarious and intricate work 
accomplished by any department of the Museum. The high stand- 
ards of the National Museum embrace every feature from the 
minute to the greatest. The visible Museum must be kept to the 
highest point of perfection and the work this necessitates is con- 
stant and exacting. In the background is the tremendous routine 
of occupational activities which the Geologist Lesley called " dead- 
work," and which must be completed before specimens are brought 
to public view. 

The care of specimens in ethnology presents many problems on 
account of the character and variety of the material. Some of the 


older collections which were not cared for under present Museum 
standards were worked over and tickets and marks restored. Among 
the installations mention is made of two cases of rare California 
Mission Indian baskets of the Ella F. Hubby collection and two 
cases of Chinese minor art displays. The lay figure of a Nez Perce 
Indian chief was reconstructed and placed on exhibit, and the 
model of an early Iroquoian stockaded village repaired and again 
put in place. Hundreds of labels were put on specimens, and the 
effort to attach a card to every exhibit object was brought close to 
completion. Plans were also drawn up for the preparation of a 
series of handbooks describing certain important classes of exhibits 
in the division of ethnology. 

The American archeology collection has approximately reached the 
limits of expansion as to exhibition. By selection and elimination, the 
exhibit was improved. The collection from the Otto T. Mallery 
expedition, under the auspices of the Washington branch of the 
Archeological Institute of America, to the Rio Chama, N. Mex., 
a locality not heretofore represented in the Museum, was installed. 
The State collections exhibit received a number of additions. These 
collections, which are of interest especially to visitors from the 
various States, were also improved by additional labels and by 
consolidation with a view to clearness of presentation. The archeo- 
logical collection as nowl presented may be considered in a satis- 
factory state of completeness as to arrangement, and with the addi- 
tion of more labels will take its place as one of the most instructive 
exhibits. Especial attention was given to the prevention of decay, 
which frequently occurs in pottery taken from burials, and almost 
complete success was achieved in halting the disintegration. Re- 
pairs of broken articles and other routine work in connection with 
cleaning, numbering, and like duties occupied much time. The 
records of the division, which had fallen behind in former years, 
were worked upon with the view of bringing them up to date. It is 
hoped within a short time to complete indexes which will render 
it possible to locate each unit without loss of time. 

Old World archeology, which embraces biblical and other objects 
connected with ancient religions and art, reports an active year. 
The chief work was the reinstallation of the collections illustrating 
Christianitv, Buddhism, and Mohammedanism, which were dis- 
arranged in removal previously from the Arts and Industries Build- 
ing. A number of objects of silver, illustrating Jewish ceremonial, 
were installed, forming an attractive exhibit. Specimens were added 
to the archeologic exhibits from Great Britain and India and some 
examples of ancient sculpture and glass placed in cases. Printed 
labels to the number of 140 were placed on exhibits. 


The most advanced methods employed in the division of physical 
anthropology for the cleaning, repair, cataloguing, identification, 
etc., were applied to the old collections from the Army Medical 
Museum and from other sources. The collection in general is con- 
stantl}^ improving in all respects through intensive work continued 
from year to year. It is the endeavor to keep abreast of the im- 
provements in the methods of museum science and to maintain the 
material in a state of effectiveness. Necessarily the rapid increase 
in specimens received by the division required better facilities for 
storage which will provide easier access to the accumulating 

The rearrangement of the cases in art textiles greatly benefited 
the appearance of the hall. The exhibit of laces was also much im- 
proved by the arrangement of the specimens following the recon- 
struction of the cases to eliminate as far as possible the entrance of 
dust. On the south and west walls a splendid collection of oriental 
rugs was hung. 

Plans were made for improving the installation of the collection 
of musical instruments and dust proofing the cases. Steps were 
taken to j^repare a catalogue and handbook, which should render 
the exhibit of greater value to the public. 

The ceramic collection shows the results of several years' work 
on improving the character of the exhibit. Efforts were made to 
eliminate material not needed in the collection, much of which had 
been collected in a haphazard manner. Noteworthy is the exhibit 
of two cases of rare old Bohemian ruby glass donated by Mrs. C. E. 
Danforth, of San Diego, Calif. 

The varied and important work performed in the anthropological 
laboratory contributed materially to the benefit of the public exhibi- 
tion. Work was carried on here which could not be performed in the 
divisions. The necessities of the department occupied the time of the 
laboratory except for occasional jobs of expert work for other sec- 
tions of the Museum. Aside from current tasks, original work in 
modeling lay figures was continued and new methods for expe- 
diting the work were tried out. The joining of broken pottery ves- 
sels, skeletons, and other specimens by means of adhesive cements 
and such materials has been subject to a long investigation, and satis- 
factory results have been reached. Many specimens which require a 
degree of restoration were sent to the laboratory for special attention. 


The devotedness to scientific work by the personnel of the depart- 
ment, a feature shared by the entire personnel of the National 
Museum, is shown by the amount of research work prosecuted by the 
staff. It is also evident that this work is not limited to the legal 
hours of labor. 


The curator of ethnology finished and handed in papers on the 
racial groups in the National Museum and on the series of specimens 
illustrating the history of inventions. He also began the preparation 
of an account of the stoves and other heating devices in the Museum. 
A summary of his exploration of 1920 was prepared and an account 
written on Museum specimens germane to the Pilgrim Tercentenary. 

The examination for publication of the several collections of 
archeological remains collected in Utah and Arizona by the curator 
of the division of American archeology for the Bureau of American 
Ethnology during the past five years was continued. 

The curator of Old World archeology completed a study of Parsee 
religious ceremonial objects. He also completed a descriptive cata- 
logue of Buddhist art, which was published during the year by the 
Museum. The plan of the curator is to continue this series of instruc- 
tive handbook catalogues. 

The materials in the division of physical anthropology are con- 
stantly drawn upon for comparisons as well as for new observations. 
During the year the most important piece of research done on the 
collections was that relating to the finer modeling of teeth ; but much 
work was done also on Indian and other bones in connection with 
the preparation of the pending reports on the Sioux Indians and 
the anthropology of Florida and neighboring regions. In addition 
measurements for future use were begun on the valuable Mongolian 
collection and on the skeletal material from Alaska, the latter in 
connection with the curator's studies on the origin and affinities 
of the Indian. 

Doctor Hrdlica performed services for the Department of Justice 
in differentiating full-blood from mixed-blood Chippewa Indians 
in important land cases, thereby saving over a million dollars in land 
and money for the Indians, in accordance with the statement of the 
department. This is a good illustration of the practical value of 
studies of recondite subjects. 

Dr. J. Walter Fewkes, Chief of the Bureau of American Eth- 
nology^, as collaborator in the division of ethnologj^, has assisted 
materially in the acquisition of specimens through collections made 
by himself and members of the bureau. 

Dr. Arthur P. Rice, also a collaborator, sent in data, photographs, 
and ethnological material from Yucatan. 

The department was called upon daily to give information to 
visitors on many subjects of more or less importance; but little 
material, and that in the form of photographs with descriptions and 
publications, was sent to researchers elsewhere. 

It is difficult to estimate the benefits growing out of personal con- 
tacts with visitors desiring information, but in many cases it is 
known to have produced results of importance to the Museum. 



The department began in a systematic way the distribution of 
duplicate material to educational institutions. Despite the limited 
variety of duplicates available, series of ethnology were selected 
with the view of conveying concrete facts of value in culture studies, 
and sent out to deserving schools. An intelligent distribution of 
the duplicate materials in anthropology is prospectively of great 
educational benefit to many institutions in the United States, espe- 
cially to smaller schools with limited facilities. An increasing 
number of schools teach art, and such collections as are sent out 
are adapted for instruction in designing, using Indian art as a basis 
for the coming American school. 

Besides the gifts noted above, several exchanges were made in 
the division of ethnology which added valuable specimens to the 
collection. The division supplied Rev. Dr. James M. Magruder, 
Annapolis, Md., with two model arrows of the southern Maryland 
Indians of 1750, to be sent by the Patriotic Society of the Ark and 
Dove of Baltimore to the King of England as a reminder of the 
tribute of arrows sent by the colony of Maryland during the colonial 

From the division of physical anthropology a quantity of un- 
identified skeletal material was prepared for the George Washington 
University, at their request, as a gift. 

The department of anthropolog}'^ sent out 7 gifts, comprising 151 
specimens, and 10 exchanges, comprising 237 specimens. There 
were received in the department, for examination and report, 36 
lots of specimens, diversified in character. 


During the year there were received 149 accessions comprising 
2,324 specimens, in addition to the major portion of the Hunting- 
ton collection of skeletal material, which has not yet been completely 
catalogued. Of these, 24 accessions, containing 691 specimens, were 
loans and deposits. The total number of specimens were assigned 
as follows: Ethnology, 586 specimens; American archeology. 861 
specimens; Old World archeology, 414 specimens; physical anthro- 
pology, 115 specimens besides the skeletal material mentioned above ; 
art textiles, 133 specimens; musical instruments, 16 specimens; and 
ceramics, 199 specimens. In addition, 6 accessions, comprising 84 
specimens, were entered in the department before the transfer of 
the recording for the section of period costumes to the division of 
history and are not included in the figures given. 

By Leonhakd Stejnegeb, Head Curator. 


The hope expressed in my last annual report that " in the near 
future " it might be possible to subdivide further the large division 
of marine invertebrates was partly realized, when, on February 1, 
1921, the old division of mollusks was reestablished, which since 
October 16, 1914, had been combined with the division of marine 
invertebrates for economical and administrative reasons in a single 
division under the latter title. By the new arrangement the curator 
of the combined division. Dr. Paul Bartsch, remained curator of the 
division of mollusks, while the associate curator, Mr. Waldo L. 
Schmitt, was promoted to curator of marine invertebrates. For 
administrative reasons the collection of living, madreporarian 
corals, and the helminthological collections remain for the present 
under the curator of mollusks. The name " division of marine inver- 
tebrates" has thereby become a misnomer more than ever; but as 
there is no satisfactory collective term for the heterogeneous collec- 
tions consisting of crustaceans, worms, sponges, etc., all together or 
in part, and including fresh-water as well as terrestrial animals in 
addition to the truly marine forms, it has been thought best to retain 
the old designation without qualification until further subdivisions 
in the future shall have made a more suitable nomenclature possible. 

Unfortunately, this sej^aration of the divisions could not be accom- 
panied by any increase in the scientific staff. It is not only humili- 
ating for the leading scientific institution of the Nation to have to 
depend upon the generosity of other museums and private individuals 
for aid in answering the numerous inquiries as to the identity of en- 
tire phyla of the lower animals and in classifying and reporting upon 
its own unsurpassed collections, but it is positively detrimental to the 
progress of science, applied as well as unapplied, that there are cer- 
tain important groups of animals of which we have not a specialist 
in this country so situated that they can be worked up. It is not 
pleasant to have to confess that, to mention an example, we have in 
Washington no person who can classify and identify our spiders and 
our myriapods, but it seems almost incredible that, in spite of the 
efforts which have been made for fully 15 years, it has as yet been im- 
possible to find the means for having the unrivaled collection of 
sponges in the National Museum named and described by an Ameri- 
71305°— 21 4 47 


can zoologist. This collection, one of the finest of its kind, was re- 
ceived back during the present year from Europe where it was sent 
many years ago to be monographed by the then leading authority on 
that group of invertebrate animals. As the vicissitudes of this col- 
lection point a moral, it may be well in this connection to briefly out- 
line their history : After negotiations, carried on for several years^ the 
entire collection of sponges of the National Museum was shipped in 
1906 to Prof. R. von Lendenfeld, at Prague, Bohemia, to be worked 
up, as it has been found impossible to find anybody in America 
capable of undertaking their stud3\ The financing of this enterprise 
was assumed by the late Dr. Alexander Agassiz, who was greatly 
interested in the work. A small portion of the collection comprising 
specimens sent over previously was returned in 1908, and the result of 
their study published in 1910, In the meantime Doctor Agassiz's 
financial position required him to withdraw his subsidy for the 
working uf) of the Museum material, and he died shortly after. The 
negotiations with von Lendenfeld for the continuation of the work 
fell through, because the Museum, in spite of the endeavors of Dr. R. 
Rathbun, the assistant secretary of the Smithsonian Institution in 
charge of the National Museum, was unable to spare the necessary 
amount from the regular appropriation, and no other financial 
assistance was obtainable. The proposition to establish a position on 
the scientific staff of the Museum for the study of sponges and recall 
the collection was discussed, but liad to be abandoned for lack of 
means. Prof, von Lendenfeld's death in 1913 caused the renewal of 
the negotiations with his successor, Prof. E. Trojan, but with no better 
result. Very reluctantly, and only after all efforts to find a satisfac- 
tory way had failed. Doctor Rathbun, in June, 1914, ordered the 
collection to be returned for the purpose of storing it until it should 
be possible to induce a capable American zoologist to devote himself 
to the important work of making this remarkable collection accessible 
to the scientific world. Later the World War broke out and nothing 
was heard from the collection for more than five j^ears. It was 
scarcely to be expected that this priceless alcoholic collection, which 
in all these years had been in the enemies' country, should have es- 
caped destruction in the general collapse of the Austrian Empire. 
Great relief was therefore felt when early in 1920 a letter was received 
from Professor Trojan announcing that he had taken care of the 
collection during the war, and that it was still intact and in good con- 
dition. Gratefully recognizing his efforts to preserve the specimens, a . 
satisfactory arrangement was made with Professor Trojan to have 
the entire sponge collection packed and returned. It was finally re- 
ceived after an absence of 15 years. The specimens are here, it is 
true, but we are not one whit nearer the realization of the aim for 


which these collections were brought together at the expenditure of 
much money, labor, and ingenuity,,than we were before they were first 
sent abroad. They still represent a dead mass of material awaiting 
proper utilization in the service of scientific progress and must re- 
main so until the Museum shall be financially able to support a 
sj)ecialist in this important branch of science. The moral of the 
above needs not to be pointed out; the danger and futility is too 

The department sustained a very serious loss during the year in 
the deaths of Mr. Nelson R. Wood and Mr. William Palmer, both 
taxidermists of the first rank. Mr. Wood, who died on November 8, 
1920, was undoubtedly the foremost bird taxidermist in this country. 
The bird exhibit is a lasting monument to his grasp of the character 
of each individual and his unsurpassed ability to give it lifelike 
expression. The technical skill with which he handled old and seem- 
ingly impossible skins and achieved results as if it had been fresh 
material was no less remarkable, and the saving and rejuvenescence 
of manj^ rare and valuable old specimens is due to his thoughtful 
and loving care. The remounting of the great auk is a case in point. 
Mr. William Palmer, whose death occurred on April 8, 1921, in his 
65th year, was an excellent all-around museum preparator. He was 
as skillful in mounting mammals and birds as in making plaster 
casts of whales, fishes, and reptiles ; his ability to paint these and to 
fashion the accessories of the various biological groups was of no 
mean grade ; and he was equally successful in handling the cleaning 
and mounting of a large whale skeleton as in preparing an exhibit of 
dainty butterflies. But Mr. Palmer was more. He had an extensive 
knowledge of the natural history of the animals and plants of this 
region; his special knowledge of certain groups of birds and their 
plumages was considerable ; he had also paid particular attention to 
collection and studying the fossil remains of whales. In the Museum 
exhibition series the collection illustrating the fauna of the District 
of Columbia is almost exclusively his work, and to a great extent 
also the casts in the whale hall and in the fish and reptile hall. 


From the numerical standpoint the collections of this department 
show a healthy growth during the past year, no less than 251,485 
specimens having been received as against 136,765 during the previous 
year. This increase is observable in almost all the divisions. It is 
even more satisfactory to be able to report that all the curators ex- 
press themselves as highly pleased with the scientific importance of 
the new accessions, in instances characterizing the collections received 
as "of greatly increased value" (mammals), or "of far greater 
value" (fishes), or "greatly surpassing in value last year's acces- 


sions" (insects). In this connection I wish to emphasize what I 
alluded to in last j'^ear's report, namely, that an increase in the num- 
ber of specimens received means additional demands on the time and 
labor of the staff and that this means less time and chance for scientific 
work unless additional help can be obtained. The showing this year 
is gratifying because it seems to indicate a return to normal growth 
interrupted by the war, but normal growth in the quantity and qual- 
ity of the accessions requires also a normal growth in the staff and 
in the appropriations for the maintainance of the ever-growing 


The outstanding features of this year's accession, like those of 
last year's, are the Australian collections made by Dr. Charles M. 
Hoy, which we owe to the continued generosity of Dr. W. L. Abbott, 
and those resulting from the Smithsonian African expedition. To 
Doctor Abbott we are furthermore indebted for a valuable collection 
of mammals, birds, and reptiles, collected by C. Boden Kloss in 
Siam, Anam, and Cochin China, from which countries we have had 
but scant material before. Doctor Abbott, himself, collected nu- 
merous birds, reptiles, land mollusks, and, in conjunction with Mr. 
E. C. Leonard, about 10,000 plants in Haiti. Miscellaneous col- 
lections of great importance were also received from the Bureau of 
Fisheries, Department of Commerce, and the Biological Survey, De- 
partment of Agriculture, as will be detailed below. 

The more important accessions, distributed among the various 
divisions, are as follows: 

Mammals. — The most valuable single specimen received by the 
entire department was a fine skeleton of a whale, about 45 feet long, 
which Avas generously presented by Mr. James A. xVllison, presi- 
dent of the Miami Aquarium Association, to the National Museum 
on behalf of the association. This specimen which was stranded 
some years ago at Pablo Beach, Fhi., is of particular interest, as it 
belongs to a rare species, which hitherto has been represented from 
North American waters by fragments only. The individual bones 
are now being photographed and studied with a view to the publi- 
cation of a monograph, and the skeleton will then be placed on exhi- 
bition in the whale hall. The Australian mammals collected by Mr. 
Hoy number 571 specimens, representing about 42 genera and 75 
species. The material consists primarily of well-prepared skins, 
skulls, and skeletons, as well as of many embryos and pouch young 
preserved in alcohol. The 144 mammals from Siam, Anam, and 
Cochin China, collected by Mr. Boden Kloss, included 17 types. The 
C99 mammals from Africa, collected by Mr. H. C. Raven, of the 


Smithsonian African expedition, in conjunction with the Universal 
Film Manufacturing Co., form a valuable general collection sup- 
plementing, in an important manner, the large African collections 
already in the Museum. The Bureau of Fisheries transferred to the 
division 4:0 skulls and one skeleton of the Alaskan fur seal from the 
Pribilof Islands. These skulls, which were collected by Dr. G. D. 
Hanna, are of very great importance, as they are supplemented with 
very detailed data as to age, size, etc., and form the basis of Doctor 
Hanna's studies of the development of this economically important 
species. Several large Canadian mammals, including mule deer and 
mountain goats, were collected by Secretary Walcott of the Smith- 
sonian Institution for the Museum. Mr. A. F. Bearpark, of Cape 
Town, South Africa, donated a fetus of a whale from South Africa. 
Bii'ds. — That Dr. W. L. Abbott's interest in the fauna of the farther 
India is as keen as ever is evidenced by the fine collection of 496 
birds made by Mr. C. Boden Kloss, of the Federated Malay States 
Museums, Kuala, Ijumpur, in Siam, Cochin China, and Anam, which 
he presented to the Museum. The region was only slightly repre- 
sented in our collection, so that naturally there are a considerable 
number of forms new to the Museum, approximately 90 species and 
subspecies and 3 genera. The collection also contains the types of 
6 species recently described by Mr. Kloss. Hoy's Australian birds 
number 487 skins and 47 alcoholics and skeletons, and contains also 
a generous proportion of species new to the Museum, though no figures 
can be given at present. A genus of lyre birds {Hamiohitea) is new 
to the Museum, as well as a number of local forms from Kangaroo 
Island, South Australia. Of the several hundred birds personally 
collected by Doctor Abbott in Haiti and Santo Domingo, several are 
of particular interest. The thick-knee or stone-plover {Oedicnemus 
dominicensis) and the local form of the grasshopper-sparrow {Ammo- 
dramus savannarwrn intricatus) were new to the Museum; while a 
whippoorwill is apparently new to science. Mr. Kaven, of the Smith- 
sonian African expedition, collected 162 skins and 47 skeletons and 
alcoholics. As the collection has not' yet been worked up, the niun- 
ber of new additions are not known, but at least one genus, Megahias^ 
has been recognized as hitherto unrepresented in the Museum. An 
alcoholic specimen of Smithornis will be of great assistance in ascer- 
taining the correct place of this genus in the system. From the 
Department of Agriculture several important additions were re- 
ceived, principally birds, alcoholics, and skeletons, the result of Dr. A. 
Wetmore's explorations in Argentina, Uruguay, and Paraguay. 
From the Swales fund, placed at the disposition of the division by 
Mr. B. H. Swales as mentioned in last year's report, 41 skins of foreign 
birds were obtained, representing about 38 species new to the Museum, 
including seven genera not hitherto contained in the national collec- 


tion, among them Sypheotis, a genus of bustards, and Ptilolaemus, 
a genus of hornbills. Two rare Australian species new to the collec- 
tions were generously donated by Capt. S. A. "White, of Fulham, 
South Australia. The egg collection received a noteworthy addi- 
tion by the gift of 8,344 eggs and 10 nests from Dr. Theodore W. 
Richards, United States Navy, from various parts of the world, 
among them a number of eggs of foreign species not previously 
present in the Museum. A single egg of the rare tooth-billed or dodo 
pigeon {Diclunculus strigirostris) of Samoa, donated by Mr. Mason 
Mitchell, now American consul at Queenstown, Ireland, is particu- 
larly noteworthy because it is the first egg of this bird to come to 
the Museum, and thus represents a family, genus, and species new to 
the national egg collection. 

Reptiles and mnphihiwtis. — The Hoy Australian collections con- 
tained 118 specimens, including many species new to the collection, 
and Raven's African material, 205 specimens of almost equal im- 
portance. The South American herpetological fauna is poorly rep- 
resented in the national collections, and the specimens from Argen- 
tina and Paraguay collection of Dr. Alexander Wetmore were 
therefore very welcome. From China, also poorly represented, 
small but interesting collections were received from no less than 
three sources, as follows : Twelve from Suifu, Province of Sze 
Chuan, through Eev. David C. Graham; 16 from the southwestern 
part of Hunan Province, collected by Dr. Lewis R. Thompson ; and 
11 from Che-Kiang, donated by Mr. C. H. Barlow. Mr. C. T. 
Ramsden, of Guantanamo, Cuba, made the division a very acceptable 
gift of 24 specimens from that island, mostly representing very rare 
species. A very interesting addition was presented by the Univer- 
sity of Michigan, namely, 4 tadpoles of the remarkable discoglossoid 
toad Ascaphus truei from Washington. 

Fishes. — By far the largest and most important collection of fishes 
received in many years was transferred to the Museum by the United 
States Bureau of Fisheries. It consists of approximately 100,000 
specimens, the result of the collecting by the Fisheries steamer 
Albatross in Philippine waters during the years 1907-1910. It is 
to be hoped that means may be found to work up within a reason- 
able time this unrivaled collection, which it has cost the Govern- 
ment such great efforts and outlay to acquire. The Fisheries Bureau 
also transferred 7 types and 16 cotypes of malacoj)terygian fishes 
collected by its schooner GraTnpus, as well as 8,367 specimens from 
the Potomac River and its tributaries. The Hoy Australian collec- 
tion contained 52 specimens, including at least one genus, Aracana^ 
new to the collection. Another Australian collection of 51 speci- 
mens was obtained in exchange with the Australian Museum in 
Sydney, containing 8 species new to the National Museum. By 


exchange with the Indiana University Museum 250 specimens col- 
lected by the Irwin expedition to Chile and Peru, 1918-19, were 
acquired. The Smithsonian African expedition brought 48 speci- 
mens from Lake Taganyika, with at least 2 noteworthy additions to 
our collection. An interesting lot of 10 specimens of fishes, among 
which several new species, killed by a lava flow from Mauna Loa, 
Hawaii, into the ocean was presented by Dr. David Starr Jordan. 
They were collected by Tom Reinhardt and Carl S. Carlsmith about 
October 6, 1919. 

Insects. — Several important collections made by private individuals 
have been donated during the present year. Among them the J. P. 
Iddings collection of butterflies and moths, presented by the heirs of 
Doctor Iddings, is in a way unique, since all the 2,500 named speci- 
mens, mostly from the Tropics, especially of the oriental region, were 
mounted in Riker and similar mounts ready for exhibition. They 
were at once placed in suitable cabinets, but the final arrangement and 
labeling are still in progress. Another collection of Lepidoptera, con- 
sisting of about 5,000 specimens, was donated by Mr, B. Preston 
Clark, The W. D. Richardson collection of Coleoptera, about 4,350 
specimens, was presented to the Museum b}^ the collector. Another 
welcome gift consisted of about 2,000 specimens of miscellaneous Phil- 
ippine insects, chiefly Hymenoptera, from Dean C. F. Baker, Los 
Baiios, P. I. Another noteworthy acquisition relates to the class 
Protura, animals similar to a very primitive wingless type of insects, 
but without antennae. Of this group, of which only 26 species are 
known in the world, 12 species, 11 new, collected and described by 
Dr. H. E. Ewing, were donated by him. It should finally be men- 
tioned that Mr. William Schaus, of the Bureau of Entomology, and 
an honorary assistant curator in the division of insects, has continued 
to make gifts of Lepidoptera from his private collection and by pur- 
chase, and has also donated much material which he has received from 
other lepidopterists by exchanging portions of his own collection 
with them. He has also purchased water-color paintings of more than 
50 rare butterflies and donated them to the collection. 

Marine invet'tehrates. — As usual, the Bureau of Fisheries was the 
largest single contributor, the principal accession being some 360 
lots of sponges collected by the Fisheries steamer Albatross in 1902 
(Hawaii) and 1904-5 (eastern Pacific) estimated at comprising 
more than a thousand specimens. These were included in the ship- 
ment from Prague by Doctor Trojan. They had originally been 
transmitted to Doctor von Lendenfeld by the bureau direct. Among 
the other specimens transferred by the Bureau of Fisheries may be 
noted a rather complete series of juvenile stages in the life history of 
Uca pugilator, one of the east-coast fiddler crabs, through Mr. O. W. 


Hyman, acting director of the Beaufort station of the bureau. Such 
material is highly desirable, as the stages in the life histories of 
crustaceans present a field of investigation but little worked and 
about which little is known. A valuable lot of about 600 decapod 
and ampliipod crustacea, part of the material secured by the Ameri- 
can Museum Congo expedition, was received from that institution, 
Miss M. J. Eathbun and Mr. C. E. Shoemaker, both of the National 
Museum, having worked up and reported upon the collections of the 
expedition. Similarly, 87 specimens, representing 57 species of 
decapod crustaceans, were received from the Australian Museum, 
Sydney, being part of the material gathered by the Endeavour expe- 
dition upon which a report by Miss Rathbun is now in process of 
publication. By exchange, 28 specimens, 9 species of fresh- water 
shrimps, part of the material upon which Dr. R. P. Cowles based 
his paper on the " Palaemons of the Philippine Islands," published 
in 1914, were obtained from the department of zoology of the Uni- 
versity of the Philippines, Manila. From Japan two collections of 
Crustacea were received, namely, 56 from the Pescadores Islands, 
presented by the Institute of Science, Taihoku, Formosa, through 
Dr. M. Oshima, and 337 specimens from northern Japan, collected 
and donated by Dr. Madoka Sasaki, Hokkaido Imperial University, 
Sapporo. The types of several new species were also added as gifts 
by their discoverers or describers, thus two parasitic copepods de- 
scribed by Prof. C. B. Wilson, from the Venice Marine Biological 
Station, received through Prof. A. B. Ulrey; another parasitic 
copepod described by the same, and collected and presented by Prof. 
S. I. Kornhauser, Denison University; and one polychaete worm 
from Valdez Harbor, Alaska, described by Prof. A. L. Treadwell 
and collected by Lieut. Col. C. A. Seoane, United States Army, who 
donated the specimen. 

Mollusks. — The most important accession of the year is a gift from 
Mr. Y. Hirase, Kioto, Japan, embracing 3,843 lots from the Japanese 
islands ; in fact, according to Doctor Bartsch's report, it is one of the 
most valuable accessions that has ever come to the division of mol- 
lusks. Together with the Thaanum collection and the material 
dredged by the fisheries steamer Albatross, it places the National 
Museum collection of Pacific mollusks " above all other in the world." 
It is the product of a lifetime's efforts on the part of Mr. Hirase and 
a corps of private collectors employed by him. The actual number 
of specimens included in this splendid accession can not be given 
at the present time, as final unpacking awaits the receipt of printed 
blank labels and sufficient containers. About 2.500 mollusks from 
Hawaii, contributed by Dr. Paul Bartsch and Mr. John B. Hen- 
derson, make another valuable addition to our large collection from 


those islands. Quite a number of individual collectors contributed 
to the Hawaiian series, among others, Miss Olga Smith, Mr. Irwin 
Spaulding, and Mr. Walter D. Giffard, all of Honolulu, and Mrs. 
Edna Bowen, of Hanalei, Kauai. To Dr. W. L. Abbott we owe 
1,346 specimens of land shells from Haiti and a number of others 
from Santo Domingo, all of his own collecting, while several of the 
accessions from Australia are the results of Mr. Hoy's collecting, all 
of these collections containing large numbers of noteworthy mollusks. 
The Smithsonian African expedition also contributed several collec- 
tions of mollusks, and from the Philippine Islands several welcome 
additions were received from Mr. C. F. Baker, P. I.; Dr. David 
T. Gochenour, Stuarts Draft, Va. ; and Mr. H. N. Lowe, Long Beach, 
Calif. ; the latter two containing types of new species. Our relatively 
small collection of South American mollusks has been increased by 
several individual collections, nearly all containing new species, from 
Dr. C. Wythe Cooke, Washington, D. C, specimens from Co- 
lombia; from Dr. H. Pittier, Caracas, Venezuelan mollusks; from 
Dr. F, Felippone, Montevideo, specimens from Uruguay and 
Brazil. Shipworms, material of which is always desirable, were re- 
ceived from the division of biology of the science and agricultural 
department of Demerara. Mr. Ralph W. Jackson, Cambridge, Md., 
contributed a number of marine shells, including types of two new 
species, and Dr. Mario Sanchez, Habana, Cuba, a similar collec- 
tion containing five types. 

Prof. A. S. Pearse, Madson, Wis., deposited a large number of 
types and other material of parasitic worms, and material transferred 
by the Bureau of Fisheries contained two of Doctor Linton's cestode 

Echinoderms. — Through Prof. Max Weber the division obtained 
267 specimens of unstalked crinoids, from the Dutch East Indies, in- 
cluding about 40 species new to our collection and many cotypes, all 
collected by the Dutch Sihoga expedition. From the German South 
Polar expedition, through Prof. R. Hartmeyer, 23 specimens of 
unstalked crinoids from the Gauss expedition, all new to our collec- 
tion, were similarly received. The State University of Iowa's Bar- 
bados-Antigua expedition, through Prof. C. C. Nutting, contributed 
71 specimens of ophiurans, nearly all from localities unrepresented in 
our collection. 

Plants. — The National Herbarium has been increased during the 
year by over 14.000 specimens from Haiti and Santo Domingo col- 
lected by Dr. W. L. Abbott, and Mr. Emery C. Leonard, of the di- 
vision of plants. The Bureau of Plant Industry, of the Department 
of Agriculture, transferred 9,673 specimens, including 4,298 speci- 
mens of grasses. The collection contained about 3,000 specimens from 
Siam. Burma, and Assam, recently collected by Mr. J. F. Rock, be- 


sides 660 specimens collected in Guatemala and Honduras by Dr. S. 

F, Blake, and 700 from the western United States collected by W. 
W. Eggleston. Another transfer from the Biological Survey of the 
same department, contained 1,198 specimens from Alaska, Canada, 
and various parts of the United States. The University of Minnesota 
presented the Museum with 749 specimens from several parts of 
South America, while the National Geographic Society similarly do- 
nated 1,180 Alaskan plants collected by the several Katmai expedi- 
tions under the leadership of Prof. Robert F. Griggs. Other gifts 
were 730 specimens from Venezueki, collected and donated by Mr. 
H. Pittier ; 726 specimens of Louisiana plants presented by Brother 

G. Arsene, Covington, La.; and 1,614 miscellaneous specimens, the 
herbarium of the late Dr. F. L. J. Boettcher, a gift from Mrs. 
Boettcher. A large number of specimens were received in exchange, 
thus 2,308, mostly from the West Indies, with the New York Bo- 
tanical Garden; 2,938 j^lants from Borneo and the Philippines, with 
the Bureau of Science at Manila ; 400 specimens from China and New 
Caledonia, with G. Bonati, Lure, France; 483 specimens from Mexico, 
with the Direccion de Estudios Biologicos, Mexico; 1,160 specimens, 
chiefly European, with Eiksmuseets Botaniska Avdelning, Stock- 
holm; 2,019 United States plants, with the Arnold Arboretum; and 
713 specimens, mainly from Quebec, with College de Longueuil. 


From the standpoint of exploration and expedition the year just 
completed must be characterized as unusually poor. In fact, were 
it not for the expeditions still in the field at the beginning of the 
year, and for Dr. W. L. Abbott's unflagging interest and generosity, 
the showing would be very poor indeed. It must be set down as an 
indisputable proposition that a large museum, and most assuredly one 
aspiring to be among the leading museums, and, moreover, one repre- 
senting. the richest nation in the world, can not maintain its standing 
without being able to send out properly planned and properly fitted- 
out expeditions for the purpose of expanding, supplementing, and 
. completing its collections. Take these away and the institution must 
infallibly sink down to an humble place among those striving for the 
purpose of science and the benefit of mankind, and, incidentally, the 
benefit and glory of the country they represent. The value of a 
national museum of natural history is not so much in the display 
it is able to make as in the opportunity for research and exploration. 
It is not too much to say that for such a museum exploration is the 
very breath of life. Even in countries impoverished by war, directly 
or indirectly, an honorable and, let it be said, not altogether vain 
struggle is being kept up to continue the work of adding to the 
workl's knowledge as circumstances will best permit. If we look 


back upon the past history of our own institution, is it not clear that 
the high achievement we have attained and the splendid position we 
have reached are due in a great measure to the surveys and explora- 
tions which have emanated from here, and the researches and studies 
of our men based on the material collected? The reputation of the 
Smithsonian Institution and its child, the National Museum, it is 
no exaggeration to say is largely based upon just that kind of work. 
To live up to that reputation, to keep from sliding down from this 
enviable position, it will be necessary to find means for future ex- 
plorations maturely planned and energetically carried out. 

At the end of the year, only one of the previous more ambitious 
expeditions is still in the field, namely, that of Mr. C. M. Hoy, in 
Australia, financed by Dr. W. L. Abbott. During the past year his 
reports in part relate to collections made at the following localities : 

Farina, S. A. : Work in tlie Farina district was done at Lindhurst, 30 miles 
east of the town of Farina. Nineteen days were spent liere, resulting in the 
collection of 110 birds and 64 mammals. A few reptiles and insects were also 

Kangaroo Island, S. A.: Twenty-six days were spent, in the field, on Kan- 
garoo Island, with the result of 85 mammals, 51 birds, and miscellaneous rep- 
tiles, amphibians, and marine specimens collected. 

Port Lincoln (Eyres Peninsula), S. A.: Twenty-two days were spent in the 
field resulting in the collection of 86 birds and but 15 mammals. A few miscel- 
laneous specimens, including reptiles, Crustacea, etc., were also obtained. 

Busselton, W. A. (50 miles south) : Camp was pitched 50 miles south of the 
town of Busselton, on the edge of the Government timber reserve. Forty days 
were spent in camp. The weather was the worst that I have experienced. 
During the while 40 days there were only 3 days free from rain. Over 18 
inches fell in that time. It was impossible to keep things dry, and even the 
tent fly went green with mold. Despite these handicaps, however, a pretty fair 
collection was obtained. The collection contains 94 mammals, 46 birds, and a 
few miscellaneous alcoholic specimens (reptiles and land shells). 

Derby, W. A. (82 miles southeast) : Twenty-three days were spent in the 
above locality, August 7-29. The locality visited was very poor in both mammal 
and bird life, and a collection of only 43 mammals, 68 birds, and 10 reptiles 

Port Darwin, X. T. (100 miles south) : Forty-four days were spent, in the 
field, in the Northern Territory of Australia. An area of country 30 miles in 
extent, running south by west from Brocks Creek to the Douglas River, was 
worked. On this trip 114 mamals, representing about 15 species, 106 birds, 
and 17 miscellaneous reptiles and amphibians, etc., were obtained. 

Ebor District, N. S. W. (52 miles east of Armidale) : Two camps were 
pitched, one near the highest point on the northern N. S. W. tableland, at an 
elevation of 5,000 feet and one a thousand feet lower. It was at the first camp 
that the most successful work was done. Forty-four days were spent in camp 
(Jan. 18-Feb. 27) and some very interesting results were obtained; 141 mam- 
mals, 34 birds, and 19 miscellaneous reptiles, land shells, etc., were collected. 
The weather was very much against me, as heavy, drizzling fogs and rain was 
an almost everyday occurrence, and there were seldom two fine days at a 


During the year two shipments were received from Mr. Hoy. A 
total of 571 mammals, well prepared, several of which were hitherto 
unrepresented in our collection, together with a series of skeletal 
and embryological material. The birds numbered 534 specimens and 
represented considerably over 100 species and subspecies. A num- 
ber of interesting reptiles, amphibians, fishes, and marine inverte- 
brates were also collected. 

The Smithsonian African expedition, the organization and start- 
ing out of which were detailed in my last year's report, completed 
its biological work on July 14, 1920. 

In the vicinity of Cape Town, Mr. Raven was able to collect only 
insects and invertebrates, and from there he went to the Addo Bush, 
where 19 days were spent in collecting small mammals and birds. 
Going through Durban and Johannesburg, Mr. Eaven spent two 
weeks collecting at Ottoshoop in the Transvaal, after which he pro- 
ceeded to Victoria Falls, and from there he left for the Kafue Eiver 
region, where he camped for several weeks. After spending some 
weeks along the Congo, he reached Lake Tanganyika, where camp 
was made for about a month. The next stop of any length was in 
Uganda, where a few days over a month were spent in collecting in 
the Budongo Forest. 

Though not numerically large, the collections are of unusual in- 
terest on account of the manner in which the}'^ supplement those ob- 
tained by other expeditions in which the Smithsonian Institution has 
been interested. Among the most important material may be men- 
tioned 699 mammals (including 272 specimens from South Africa, 
a region hitherto ver}^ imperfectly represented in our collection ; 152 
from Lake Tanganyika; the chimpanzee of Uganda) ; 567 birds, 206 
reptiles, and 193 fishes, the latter from Lake Tanganyika. About 
100 lots of mollusks were also collected. 

A few new expeditions undertaken during the year have been in- 
strumental in adding valuable material to our collections. 

Late in 1920 Dr. W. L. Abbott undertook personally another ex- 
pedition, this time visiting the north side of Santo Domingo (Villa 
Riva, Pimentel, Catui, Mao in the Yaqui Valley, and several points 
on the Samana Peninsula) and returning in May, 1921. He brought 
back a small but select collection of birds, but his main efforts were 
devoted to the collecting of plants, approximately 4,000 of which 
have been received and will doubtless prove of great value. 

The Biological Survey, Department of Agriculture, anxious to ob- 
tain first-hand information concerning the movements of North 
American migratory birds in southern South America, in the spring 
of 1920 sent Dr. Alexander Wetmore to Argentina, where he col- 
lected information and specimens in the Provinces of Chaco and For- 
mosa, as well as in the Paraguayan Chaco, during the winter season. 


Returning to the pampas in the Province of Buenos xA.ires, he later 
proceeded to northern Patagonia. In January, 1921, he crossed to 
Montevideo, studying and collecting in Uruguay until the end of 
February, when he returned to Argentina, extending his explora- 
tions west to the foothills of the Andes. Crossing the Andes into 
Chile he returned from there to New York by way of the Panama 
Canal. Over 2,500 specimens of mammals and birds were brought 
home by Doctor Wetmore, besides reptiles and lower animals. A 
feature of his collection of particular importance is that, in addition 
to paying special attention to the main purpose of his expedition, he 
secured a large and valuable collection of anatomical material in 
the form of skeletons and alcoholics. 

Incidental to his geological explorations in Canada during 1920, 
Dr. C. D. Walcott, Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, as usual 
had the museum's need of good fresh material for the renewal of 
its large manunal groups in mind, and among other specimens col- 
lected two Rocky Mountain goats. 

During August and September, 1920, Dr. Paul Bartsch, curator of 
mollusks, was delegated by the State Department to attend the first 
Pan-Pacific Scientific Congress at Honolulu. He was accompanied 
by Mr. John B. Henderson. While the meeting of the congress con- 
sumed the greater portion of their time, they still found oppor- 
tunity to make a notable collection for the museum, among which 
were about 2,500 mollusks. These materially increase the value of 
our rapidly growing and exceedingly important collection of Ha- 
waiian mollusks, and are remarkable for the fact that fully 80 lots 
contain few or no duplicates of Hawaiian material already in the 
collection. Reestablishing the heredity experiments which are being 
carried on under the joint auspices of the Smithsonian and Carnegie 
Institutions and which were interrupted by the hurricane in 1919, 
Doctor Bartsch, during a period of about six weeks in May and June, 
1921, visited the Bahamas to secure new stock material and then 
established a new set of cages for Cerions on Loggerhead Key, Tor- 
tugas, in which the heredity work is conducted. Incidentally, he se- 
cured a collection of about 20,000 Bahama Cerions and other mol- 
lusks, as well as other invertebrates and a few birds, reptiles, and 

Excursions into South America by several experts connected with 
the Geological Survey resulted in the addition of noteworthy collec- 
tions of land and fresh-water mollusks, by Dr. C. Wythe Cooke, from 
Colombia, and Mr. George L. Harrington from Argentina, Bolivia, 
and Chile. 

Toward the end of the fiscal year it became possible to take ad- 
vantage of certain facilities offered over the Government railroad 
now under construction in Alaska and have Dr. J. M. Aldrich, asso- 


ciate curator of insects, proceed to the interior of Alaska for the i:»ur- 
pose of making a general collection of insects from this entomologi- 
cally almost unknown part of the country. The first step has thus 
been taken toward the realization of a plan which would eventually 
extend these explorations into the adjacent parts of Asia, and pos- 
sibly the entire palearctic regions. Without thoroughly representative 
material from that part of the world it will be impossible to gain a 
satisfactory knowledge of our own subarctic and boreal province. 
T\nien last heard from Doctor Aldrich's expedition had reached the 
field and begun collecting operations. 

About the same time Dr. William M. Mann, of the Bureau of 
Entomology, and assistant custodian in the section of Hymenoptera, 
division of insects, joined the Mulford biological expedition to South 
America, which started on June 1, and which, it is hoped, will enrich 
the Museum's collections materially. 

Allusion has already been made to Dr. W. L. Abbott's expedition 
to Santo Domingo, chiefly in the interest of plant collecting. The 
only other botanical expedition to be mentioned is that of Dr. A. S. 
Hitchcock, custodian of the grass herbarium, who left in April, 1921, 
upon an extended collecting trip in the Philippines, Japan, China, 
and the Indo-Malayan region. At the request of Dr. E. D. Merrill, 
director of the bureau of science, he will elaborate the grasses for a 
proposed flora of the Philippines. The primary object of the trip 
is to gather data for a revision of the bamboos of the world. 



The conditions which at present hamper the development of the 
biological exhibition series and which were detailed in my report of 
last year have continued. What was then said about lack of space ; 
the closing of most of the exhibits on the second floor; the incon- 
venience of the present arrangement to the specialists of the mammal 
division; all these features remain unrelieved and explain the 
apparent lack of progress in the exhibition halls, with the result 
that the renewal of the bird exhibit, on the one hand, and the 
development of the District of Columbia exhibit, on the other, 
have come to a temporary standstill. The aim has therefore 
been to improve, whenever possible, the quality of the specimens 
already on exhibition, by remounting such skins as are still in good 
condition or by substituting new material, whenever available, for 
the old, faded, or poorly mounted animals. Some of the older speci- 
mens, it must be remembered, date back to the early days when skins 
were literally "stuffed," while others have come to the Museum in 
later years ready mounted from dealers or other museums not prac- 
ticing the most advanced methods of taxidermy. This art has under- 


gone a wonderful transformation from the time Mr. Hornaday, as 
chief taxidermist of the National Museum, and his colleagues intro- 
duced modern ideas into the craft. By their knowledge of the living 
animals and improved technique, the National Museum achieved 
foremost rank, and a large number of lifelike mounts in the collec- 
tion still testify to their skill and artistic sense. Naturally, how- 
ever, not all the specimens from that time claim to be first class, and 
there is evident a tendency to exaggerate the bulk of many animals. 
Reacting against this tendency, the next generation of taxidermists 
went to the other extreme, by only considering the bony structure 
of the animals, with the result that quite a number of prominent 
specimens look as if the skins had been stretched over the dry 
skeleton without reference to the soft tissues and organs. Obviously 
the ideal method of mounting a skin of a dead animal is to model 
the body from a living specimen of the same species. When it was 
decided to remount an African leopard in the exhibition series, 
which, though being of average quality, showed certain obvious de- 
fects when compared with a living leopard at the National Zoolog- 
ical Park, arrangements were made with the superintendent, Mr. 
N. Hollister, to allow Mr. W. L. Brown, the taxidermist, to work at 
the park in front of the leopard case. The skin was stripped from 
the old manikin and tanned, and then the necessary alterations made 
as the living animal posed before the taxidermist. The experiment 
was highly successful, with the result that, instead of an indifferent 
specimen, there has now been placed on exhibition a lifelike leopard 
showing all the characteristics of this graceful, yet ferocious cat. 
In addition to this, a number of new mammals have been incorpo- 
rated in the show collection during the year. As Mr. Hoy's Aus- 
tralian expedition has supplied a number of fine mountable skins 
representing the unique characteristics of the fauna of that far-away 
continent, a beginning has been made to renovate the entire Aus- 
tralian mammal exhibit. 

In my last annual report I called attention to the fact that the 
closing of the north and west ranges on the second floor had made 
it necessary to display the miscellaneous collection of the animals 
of the District of Columbia in the whale hall. The insistence of 
the public to see at least part of the mounted insect collection made 
it desirable to further add to the heterogenous character of the ex- 
hibits in that hall, by installing there five slide screens holding 80 
unit trays of insects, displaying many striking forms from various 
countries. When the splendid J. P. Iddings collection of butterflies 
and moths, nearly all beautifully displayed in Riker mounts, was 
given to the museum it was found expedient to install it, tempo- 
rarily at least, in a couple of specially constructed cabinets so ar- 
ranged that the visiting public could themselves pull out the 


drawers, thereb}' guarding against the deterioration of the collec- 
tion by continuous exposure to the light. This collection is not 
labeled as yet, but the work is a slow one, and the time which the 
custodian can give to this work so limited that it may be some time 
before the task can be completed. 

The curatorial work in the various divisions has progressed as- 
usual. In the division of mammals no cases for skins were received 
during the year, so that this part of the collection is rather over- 
crowded at the present time. The skulls are in much better condi- 
tion, the improvement in the attic being notable. Additional cases 
in the latter storage have also been furnished for the rearrangement 
of the skeletons there, and considerable headway in their proper in- 
stallation has been accomplished during the year. The alcoholic 
collection has been gone over and the condition, like that of the rest 
of the collections in this division, is considered good. All of the 
larger cetacean material, formerly stored in the northeast basement 
of the old museum has been removed to tlie new museum, where 
portions of it are now stored. The valuable collection of small and 
medium-sized cetaceans has been reinstalled in 30 quarter-unit cases, 
arranged and labeled, and is now in good condition. 

The rearrangement in the division of birds, due to the respacing 
made necessary, was continued during the present year; that of the 
parrots being completed. The weaver birds (Ploceidae) were also 
rearranged. Otherwise most of the time has been occupied in label- 
ing and distributing collections received during the year. A matter 
causing a great deal of work is the poor quality of the cards 
furnished for case labels, necessitating frequent renewals. Dur- 
ing the year 260 cases thus requiring relabeling. One of the most 
important works of the associate curator consists in posting the old 
records for data, supplying missing data to entries in the old cata- 
logues, searching out lost types and work of similar character, but the 
work is of necessity slow, and but little time is available from daily 
routine work. The search for old types was rewarded by finding 
the type of one of Peale's specimens, a nightjar {^CapTimulgus aequi- 
cavda), and possibly also one of the Polynesian kingfishers, but its 
absolute identity has not yet been established. Some of the skins 
have been remade by the taxidermists, but more work of this character 
is needed. The accessioning this 3^ear of the large Richards egg col- 
lection of 8,354 specimens, with the necessary cataloguing and label- 
ing, has occupied a good deal of the time of the division, but as yet 
it has been found impossible to number the individual eggs, a work 
absolutely necessary and for which special provision has been asked, 
as it can not be handled with the present force. The unusually large 
number of alcoholics and skeletons received this year also received 
proper attention, being catalogued and tin tagged, but the labeling 


and placing of the larger specimens in separate containers had to be 
suspended toward the end of the year on account of lack of suitable 
jars. A considerable number of older skeletons were cleaned by 
the preparators, but have not as yet been card catalogued and dis- 

In the division of reptiles, the regular routine work of caring for 
the specimens has continued without interruption and the cata- 
loguing brought up to date. The card cataloguing which had to 
be suspended for some time was resumed, arrangement being made 
for having part of the work done in the head curator's office. All 
the dry turtle material has now been transferred to the third story 
and placed in metal-covered quarter unit cases. 

Similarly, in the division of fishes the collections have been regu- 
larly inspected, the containers refilled or changed when necessary, 
jars and shelves cleaned, labels restored, and much of the older 
undetermined material named and installed. 

In the division of insects substantial progress has been made 
in the care of the collections, especially' in introducing the tray 
system. Inability to obtain a sufficient number of drawers has been 
the limiting factor in this work. The associate curator reports that 
the collections, as a whole, are in as good condition as in any large 
modern museum, the loss from museum pests being exceptionally 
small, due to the excellent system of cabinets and drawers adopted. 

The overhauling and putting in good order of the various lots of 
material in the alcoholic storage of the division of marine inverte- 
brates has about kept pace with the requirements of the collection. 
Further sorting of miscellaneous lots of unidentified material into 
various major groups of invertebrates has been done. Only recently 
the sorting of the rather comprehensive collections of the Fish Hawk 
in Chesapeake Bay has been completed. Coincident with the great 
arrearages in cataloguing, there is considerable named material on 
hand waiting to be incorporated in the regular study series. Eevi- 
sion of the collection of brachyuran crustaceans is being carried 
along with Miss M. J. Rathbun's monographic reports, and the rear- 
rangement of the entire alcoholic collections begun during the past 
fiscal year is being continued as time permits. Doctor Bassler, of 
the department of geology, in connection with his studies of the 
Bryozoa, is working up the greater part of the recent unnamed mate- 
rial and rearranging the entire collection of these forms. 

From the division of mollusks the report is that the usual routine 
of naming, labeling, cataloguing, and putting in place in the series 
has been carried on as in former years. The arrangement and re- 
installation of the west Atlantic Pelecypods has been completed. 
The west Atlantic mollusks are now arranged according to latest 
classifications and nomenclature and large quantities of new ma- 

7130.j°— 21 5 


terial have been identified and incorporated. This places the east 
coast collection in good order and easily, available for study. Much 
time has been devoted to classifying the Philippine collection ac- 
cording to genera and species and arranging it in systematic order. 
In the course of identifying material sent in by outside correspond- 
ents a considerable portion of the collections has been arranged ac- 
cording to most recent classifications. This is j)articularly true of 
the west coast mollusks. Rearrangement of the collection of Ameri- 
can shipworms is well under way, with a view to a monograph in the 
near future. Since last February the time of one man for one day 
each week has been devoted to the alcoholic mollusk collection. In 
all cases where necessary new containers have been supplied and the 
older ones refilled. This Avork is progressing satisfactorily. Micro- 
scopic slides of molluskan odontophores to the number of 724, be- 
longing to the Thaanum collection and prepared by the late Rev. 
R. Boog Watson, were registered and numbered by the use of a dia- 
mond point. All defective slides were put into good repair. As may 
be judged, the addition of so many slides has greatly enhanced the 
already valuable collection of anatomical preparations belonging to 
this division. A number of slides of odontophores and of the 
glochidia of several species of naiad have been made as an addition 
to our collection of microscopic slides. The reclassification and reno- 
vation of the general recent collection have been continued through- 
out the year. The North American fresh-water univalves and the 
great and difficult families Turbinidae and Trochidae, among the 
marine shells, were gone over in this way. The labeling an,d register- 
ing of the great Thaanum collection of shells, most of which came 
from the Hawaiian Islands, have been completed. Identification of 
Philippine marine mollusks secured by the Albatross during the 
cruise of 1907-1910 has been continued. As time goes on, more and 
more of our material is being thoroughly identified, and great prog- 
ress in this respect has been made throughout the collection, espe- 
cially in Hawaiian material, Philippine material, and in material 
from the east coast of North America and the West Indies and land 
and fresh-water mollusks from South America. The writing of head 
labels for the species in the collection has been progressing during 
the year imtil now a large part of all the collections in our charge 
is furnished with these labels, adding greatly to convenience in con- 
sulting them. It seems appropriate to mention at this time the vast 
amount of time and labor saved by the use of the label holders and 
blocking-sticks equipped with brass clips. Our collection is growing 
so rapidly it is estimated that the entire time of at least one person 
is saved by the use of these small inventions, making it possible for 
us to keep current the work of the division without asking, to date, 
for additional assistance. The economy of space in our storage cases 


is also worthy of note. Approximately 5,000 cards have been written 
during the year, among them complete bibliogi'aphies of the South 
American Corbiculidae, the AmpuUaridae of world-wide distribu- 
tion, and the important genera of Philippine fresh-water shells. 
This saves an enormous amount of time when working with the col- 
lections mentioned. The card catalogue gazetteer of the Philippine 
Islands has been brought up to date. This is of material assistance 
in working with the Philippine mollusks. 

In the division of echinoderms considerable progress has been made 
in overhauling the crinoid collection. The entire collection of dried 
ophiurans has been rearranged in accordance with the classification 
used by H. L. Clark in his Catalogue of Recent Ophiurans, and a 
synopsis of the new arrangement has been prepared and hung upon 
the cases so that anyone can now find any species or specimen of 
ophiuran in the collection regardless of whether they know anything 
about these animals or not. All of the specimens have been examined 
and checked up with the card catalogue. To bring the collection into 
line with present concepts it was found necessary to transfer many 
species to new genera and to rename many others which are now 
placed in synonymy. The entire collection of dried echinoids has also 
been rearranged in accordance with the classification used in Agassiz 
and Clark's Hawaiian and other Pacific Echini, and all of the speci- 
mens have been examined and checked up with the card catalogue; 
a number of the specimens have been reidentified, and the generic 
allocation of many of the species has been revised and brought up to 

Curatorial work in the division of plants has proceeded satisfac- 
torily during the past fiscal year. In particular, Mr. Standley, in 
the course of his work upon the Mexican trees and shrubs, has identi- 
fied a large amount of Mexican material which had been mounted 
but not named beyond the genus, and has redetermined many speci- 
mens from the same region which had previously been misidentified. 
Similar important work of revision has been done in several other 
groups, notably in the composites by Dr. S. F. Blake, the willows by 
Dr. C. R. Ball, the grasses by Dr. A. S. Hitchcock and Mrs, Agnes 
Chase, and the ferns by Mr. Maxon. As in several recent years, ma- 
terial has been received more rapidly than it could be mounted and 
prepared for the herbarium. This fact and the need of economizing 
greatly in case room has led to the careful scrutiny of recent acces- 
sions and the elimination of much material which, under more favor- 
able circumstances, would have been added to the herbarium. For 
similar reasons it has seemed desirable to select for immediate mount- 
ing and installation material in certain groups under investigation 
(for example, ferns, grasses, cacti) and from tropical America gen- 
erally, in order to facilitate special investigations previously under 


AAay. The limit of this sort of selection is quickly reached, however, 
and it is important that additional case room be provided without 
delay and that means be found of mounting promptly all material 
needed for permanent preservation. About 26,000 specimens have 
been mounted during the year. These have been recorded, chiefly 
through temporary clerical help. The segregation of type and dupli- 
cate type specimens from the main herbarium has been continued 
as opportunity offered, mainly in connection with other w'ork, and 
10, 136 specimens have now been distinctively labeled, catalogued, and 
placed in individual covers in the so-called type herbarium. 

At the beginning of this part of my report the general tendency 
of the work of the preparators has been mentioned. Apart from 
the specimens w hich found their places in the exhibition series much 
work was spent on study material for the various divisions. Skins 
of mammals and birds were made up or repaired for the study 
series, many dry preparations made for the division of reptiles; 
skeletons and skulls cleaned whenever needed for study. jSIr. 
W. L. Brown, whose remounting of the African leopard I have 
already alluded to, also mounted a South American brocket deer 
and a mule deer, wdiich were placed in the exhibition series. A 
large number of mammal skins were worked up, birds dismounted 
and made into studj^ skins, etc. Some time before his death Mr. 
Wood had already begun to instruct Mr. Brown in his way of 
preparing dry bird skins, as well as in his own particular methods 
of mounting birds which had given him such a high rank among 
bird taxidermists. It is therefore felt that Mr. Brow^n and Mr. 
George Marshall in the future will be able to fully take care of 
this branch of the exhibits, Mr. Marshall, in addition to a large 
amount of repair work, skinning fresh material coming in from local 
collectors and the zoological park, tanning, etc., has mounted a num- 
ber of smaller mammals, including several monkeys. Mr. J. W. 
ScoUick, the osteologist, in addition to cleaning a number of .turtle 
skulls and bones, prepared 179 whole skeletons, some exceedingly 
delicate. Among the lot were no less than 155 bird skeletons, and 
10 skeletons of rats, which were mounted for the Bureau of Animal 
Industry, Department of Agriculture. Twelve skins of the same 
series of rats w^ere also mounted bj'^ Mr. Marshall for the same bureau 
as an exhibit to illustrate the result of certain feeding experiments. 
The bone-cleaning w^ork under Mr. Scollick's supervision resulted in 
the cleaning of 57 mammal skeletons and 130 large mammal skulls. 
Mr. C. E. Mirguet's time was to a great extent taken up w'ith two 
tasks, the preparation and cleaning of the Florida whale skeleton, 
donated by the Miami Aquarium Association and mentioned above, 
and the buildin,g of a drum for the tanning of mammal skins. The 


whale skeleton was being put in shape for photographing, measur- 
ing, and description as preliminaries for an extensive monograph, 
after wliich it will be hung in the exhibition whale hall. In addi- 
tion he prepared a large number of reptile skins and skeletons for 
the study series, besides plaster casts, repairs, etc., Mr. C. R. W. 
Aschemeier has been assisting Mr. Brown in the mammal mounting 
when required, has worked up 105 mammal and 21 bird skins and 
gone over the entire exhibition collection of alcoholic invertebrates, 
refilling and otherwise caring for 672 jars. Mr. Palmers work, up 
to his death, was mostly on the faunal exhibit of the District of 

Unfortunately the crowding of the collections in many of the divi- 
sions must of necessity increase from year to year until additional 
space shall be allotted to the department of biology. To that extent 
the condition of the collections must be considered unsatisfactory and 
must gradually grow worse. In other respects the conditions must 
be pronounced as generally good. Nevertheless, the results of the 
greater activity of the Museum since the stagnation period of the war, 
which were presaged in my previous report, are already beginning 
to make themselves manifest, inasmuch as the greater influx of mate- 
rial is consuming more and more of the time and efforts of the staff, 
which has remained practically stationary during the last 20 years. 
The mere physical care of the collections is all that can be accom- 
plished in many instances. 

The practice of sending the large mammal skins to the professional 
tanneries to be tanned has had to be given up because of definite losses 
and the general poor results. A rotary drum has been built in the 
taxidermist shop ; and when the necessary motor shall have been re- 
ceived, it will be possible to handle the work and insure perfect 

The reports of the various divisions generally emphasize the free- 
dom the collections are now enjoying from the usual destructive 
museum pests. This is undoubtedly due to the systematic fumigation 
with bisulphide of carbon. 

The crowding alluded to above might be relieved, as far as the 
division of plants is concerned, by the building of a balcony as advo- 
cated on previous occasions. The plan, although approved and ac- 
cepted as the only practical solution of a nearly intolerable condition, 
awaits only the appropriation of sufficient means to be carried out. 
Otherwise the condition of the National Herbarium is satisfactory, 
but as far as the cryptogamic section is concerned it has been impos- 
sible with the small staff to incorporate in it the material received 
during the past year, and for several years past, though the speci- 
mens have been pocketed and prepared for the herbarium as soon as 

68 REPOET OF KaTIO:NAL museum, 1921. 

possible after they are received, and held ready for installation, when- 
ever one or more specialists can be secured. 


It is mainly by the quality and amount of its research work upon 
the material intrusted to its care that the reputation of this Museum 
rests and its existence is justified. I am happy to say that the past 
year in no wa.y falls short of the traditions of the Institution. The 
appended bibliography clearly demonstrates this. It does not, how- 
ever, fully represent the work accomplished during the current year, 
as of necessity many of the papers published in 1920-21 were prepared 
previously, nor does publication necessarily reveal the extent of the 
research work going on. Briefly, the scientific activities of the staff 
will be enumerated below, but before taking up the work in the divi- 
sions I wish to call attention to the signal honor which was bestowed 
by the National Academy upon a member of the staff for one of the 
publications issued by the Museum. During the April meeting of 
the academy this year, the Daniel Giraud Elliot gold medal, together 
with the honorarium, was voted to Dr. Robert Eidgway in recogni- 
tion of the eighth volume of The Birds of Middle and North America, 
which forms part 8 of Bulletin 50 of the United States National 
Museum, an award which is open to the zoologists and paleontologists 
of the world. When announcing the award the chairman of the 

Elliot medal committee said : 

In undertaking this great work Ridgway was not only placing the crown on 
his labors of a third of a century, but was giving expression to a plan made 
by Baird a half century before. Ridgway was therefore doubly inspired when, 
in 1901, he undertook the stupendous task of preparing a 10-volume treatise 
on all the birds of the Western Hemisphere north of South America. With 
imremitting zeal, and always maintaining the standard of thoroughnesg and 
accuracy set by the first volume of the series, he continued his labors until 
eight volumes have appeared, the last in 1919. Each volume contains about 
850 pages, a total of 6,800 pages in all. Nearly 900 genera are defined and 
over 3,000 species and subspecies described. 

While giving expression to his exceptional powers of analysis and description 
trained by years of experience and observation, Ridgway has produced a work 
which in method, comprehensiveness, and accuracy, as well as in volume, has 
never been surpassed in the annals of ornithology. 

This will give you an idea of some of the work which is being 
quietly and unostentatiously performed in the divisions of this 
Museum. Taking them up one by one the work of the scientific staff 
may be epitomized as follows: 

Mr. Gerrit S. Miller, jr., found but little time for scientific investi- 
gation during the past year. Some progress was made, in conjunc- 
tion with the late William Palmer, in investigating the characters 
of the whale from Pablo Beach, Fla., and in conjunction wath Mr. 


N. HoUister, in making a preliminary examination of the Celebesian 
mammals collected several years ago by Mr. H. C. Eaven and 
presented by Dr. W. L. Abbott. Dr. Robert Eidgway, curator of 
birds, continued liis work on the ninth part of Bulletin 50, The 
Birds of North and Middle America. The matter relating to the 
higher groups, including genera of the Falconiformes, with the 
illustrations, w^as nearly finished. A large number of bibliographic 
references for the synonymies not only for part 9, but part 10 also, 
were collected. It is pleasant to be able to report that the manuscript 
for part 9 of this monumental work is nearing completion. Dr. 
Charles W. Eichmond, associate curator, owing to the press of the 
routine curatorial work, found but little time for research. He 
made some progress, with Mr. B. H. Swales, in their proposed joint 
work on the birds of the island of Haiti, but not so nmch as they had 
hoped. Progress was also made on their proposed list of type 
specimens of birds in the National Museum, as mentioned in last 
year's report. Mr. J. H. Eiley, aid, continued his studies of the 
birds of Celebes and also furnished the curator with certain data 
on generic characters of vultures and hawks. The study of the 
North American turtles by Leonhard Stejneger progressed but 
slowly, due to the lack of leisure from routine work. Miss Doris 
Cochran, aid, besides identifymg the African and Malaysian 
snakes in the collection, devoted special attention to the reptiles 
and amphibians of Haiti with a view to a herx3etology of that 
island. Mr. B. A. Bean, assistant curator of fishes, reports satisfac- 
tory progress of the report by himself jointly with Dr. Henry W. 
Fowler, of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, on the 
fishes of the Wilkes exijloring expedition and other collections. 

Dr. J. M. Aldrich, associate curator of insects, when not occupied 
with general routine duties, identifications, etc., devoted his time 
mostly to the study of the muscoid group of Diptera, publishing two 
short papers and nearly completing several others. Bulletin 116 of 
the Museum, being a monograph of the dipterous genus Dolichofus, 
the result of the joint labors of Mr. M. C. Van Duzee, Mr. Frank 
E. Cole, and himself, was completed and published during the year. 
The scientific activities of the honorary custodians of the various 
sections will appear from the appended bibliography. 

Dr. Mary J. Eathbun, honorary associate in zoology, has completed 
the second paper in the series on crabs obtained by the fisheries inves- 
tigation ship Endeavour^ 1909-1914; it covers the Brachyrhyncha, 
Oxystomata, and Dromiacea, and, like the first paper on the Oxyrhyn- 
cha, will be published by the Commonwealth of Australia. Consid- 
erable progress has been made on a bulletin on the spider crabs of 
America. This is the second of her series of valuable monographs, 
which, when completed, will describe and figure all the species of 


crabs known from North and South America. She has also named 
the crabs of various current accessions, notably of large collections 
from California and Japan, including Formosa. Mr. Waldo L. 
Schmitt, curator of marine invertebrates, has had but little time 
left from routine duties for research work. The first installment, or 
part, of a report on the Macrura and Anomura of the Australian- 
Museum, collected by the Endeavour^ covering the families Peneidae, 
Campylonotidae, and Pandalidae, has been completed. The reports 
on the Macrura and Anomura of the American Museum Congo expe- 
dition and the Barbados-Antigua expedition of the University of 
Iowa are still in progress. Mr. C. R. Shoemaker, assistant curator, 
has given much of his time to the working up of several large lots of 
Amphipods, which were sent to the Museum for identification. Sev- 
eral reports were completed and published as shown in the bibli- 
ography. Dr. Harriet Eichardson Searle, collaborator, I am happy 
to report, has resumed her studies on the Isopoda and has recently 
completed a report on the collection of terrestrial isopods, secured 
by Dr. E. J. Jakobsen in Java. Mr. Harry K. Harring, custodian of 
rotatoria, has completed his report on the rotatoria of the Canadian 
Arctic expedition and the first part of a report on the rotifers of 
Wisconsin, which includes a revision of the Notommatid rotifers. 
Both of these papers are now in press. The second part of the report 
on Wisconsin rotifers is well under way. In addition, he has identi- 
fied a number of interesting collections. 

Dr. William H. Dall's completed summary of the West Ameri- 
can collection from San Diego to the Polar Sea was published as 
Bulletin 112 of the United States National Museum. It includes 
the results of research and collections made by west-coast contrib- 
utors and the honorary curator since 1865, amounting to more than 
2,100 species and varieties. A number of interesting new forms, 
including a second species of the peculiar South American Felipponea, 
were received and described during the year, as indicated in the bib- 
liogi-aphic list. Most of the time not occupied by routine matters 
has been given to a monograph of the marine shell-bearing mollusks 
of the Hawaiian Islands, based chiefly on the important collection 
donated by Mr. D. Thaanum, of Hilo, Hawaii, and on the fisheries 
steamer Albatross dredgings about the islands. This work is well ad- 
vanced and only certain troublesome and prolific groups of minute 
shells remain to be worked up of the material in hand. Mr. John 
B. Henderson, a regent of the Smithsonian Institution, has been en- 
gaged on a monograph of the Antillean land and fresh-water mol- 
lusks. A list of the mollusks collected by the Barbados- Antigua ex- 
pedition of the State University of Iowa has been begun. Considerable 
time was devoted to the identification of east-coast mollusks sent in 
by correspondents. In the little remaining time he and the curator 


have continued work on the molhisk fauna of the vicinity of Beaufort, 
N, C. The report on New Operculate Landshells of Cuba, of which 
he is coauthor with Dr. Carlos de la Torre, is now going through 
press, while work on the monograph of American Tectibranchs has 
been slowly continued. Dr. Paul Bartsch, curator of mollusks, 
has given much time to routine work of the division. Besides de- 
voting attention to numbers of groups of mollusks, as shown by 
a reference to the bibliography, considerable work was accomplished 
toward a monograph of the American shipworms, the small east 
American marine mollusks of the genera Triphora, Bittium, Cer- 
ithiopsis^ and Metaxia; likewise the family Vitrinellidae. In the 
latter case particular stress has been laid on the examination of the 
anatomic characters. A little time has also been given to the Philip- 
pine Nudibranch mollusks and the west American Caecidae, as 
well as the marine mollusks of the Mazatlanic faunal area. Some 
additional attention has also been given to the land mollusks of the 
Windward and Leeward Islands. Owing to the difficulty of securing 
the services of an artist, the work on the mollusks of the region about 
Beaufort, N. C, has not been completed, but it is hoped that this will 
be accomplished during the ensuing year. A new series of heredity 
experiments wdth Cerions has been begun in the Tortugas to replace 
those swept away by the hurricane two years ago. Mr. William B. 
Marshall, assistant curator, had but little time remaining from liis 
routine curatorial duties for research, and but one paper in addition to 
that listed in the bibliography was completed and is now ready for 
the press, describing eight new species of South American naiads, 
one of them representing a new genus. Dr. Charles Wardell Stiles, 
custodian of the helminthological collections, and Dr. B. H. Ransom, 
assistant custodian, have continued their studies of the parasites of 
man and other animals. Dr. T. Wayland Vaughan, custodian of 
madreporarian corals, is still engaged in studying the Museum's 
recent coral collections in connection with his geologic studies. 

Mr. Austin H. Clark, curator of echinoderms, during the year con- 
tinued work upon the crinoicls of the Danish /w^oZ/ expedition. 

In the division of plants the following special investigations were 
begun, continued, or completed during the year: Mr. Frederick V. 
Coville, curator, has continued his studies in breeding and propagat- 
ing the blueberries (Vaccinium), and has made frequent use of the 
herbarium as heretofore. Mr. J. N. Rose, associate curator, has con- 
tinued his studies of the Cactaceae, in collaboration with Dr. N. L. 
Britton, director-in-chief of the New York Botanical Garden, work 
which has been under way since 1911 under the auspices of the Car- 
negie Institution of Washington. The publication of volume 2 of 
the Cactaceae occurred during the past year, and volume 3 will prob- 
ably appear during the coming year. The manuscript of volume 


4 is well advanced. Doctor Rose has continued his studies, also, of 
Ecuadorean plants referred to in the last report. Mr. William R. 
Maxon, associate curator, has continued his investigation of the pteri- 
dophyta and has prepared manuscript for Part VIII of Studies of 
Tropical x\merican Ferns. He has nearly completed a report, also, 
upon the large collection of Haitian ferns made by Dr. W. L. Abbott 
and Mr. Emery C. Leonard last year and has reviewed critically the 
West-American allies of Selaginella rupestris^ describing several new 
species. A popular article on the botanical gardens of Jamaica has 
been contributed to the Smithsonian Annual Report. Mr. Paul C. 
Standiey, assistant curator, has nearly completed manuscript sum- 
marizing his studies of the trees and shrubs of Mexico, and has sub- 
mitted parts 2 and 3 for publication; parts 4 and 5 (conclusion) will 
be turned in for publication during the coming year. He has recently 
undertaken the preparation of a synoptical account of the flora of 
Central America and Panama, based primarily upon the collections 
in the National Herbarium, and in this connection proposes visiting 
Salvador, in which region practically no botanical collecting has been 
done. Mr. Standiey also has completed manuscript for the Flora 
of Alaska. Mr. Ellsworth P. Killip, aid, has finished his revision of 
the genus Passiflora as represented in Mexico, Central America, and 
Panama, and the manuscript is nearly ready for publication. Mr. 
Emery C. Leonard, aid, has continued his study of the genus Scutel- 
laria. With the assistance of Mr. Standiey he has nearly completed 
the identification of the phanerogams of his Haitian collection, of 
last year. i 

Dr. C. Hart Merriam, associate in zoology, continued his study on 
North American bears. Mr. N. Hollister has continued work on the 
African Artiodactyla, but it is greatly delayed b}^ the housing of the 
mammalian study series on different floors from the basement to 
the attic. Dr. O. P. Hay, of the Carnegie Institution, has made 
constant use of the collections in connection with his work on the 
Pleistocene fauna of North America. The thanks of the Museum 
are due to Mr. Oldfield Thomas, of the British Museum, for having 
compared specimens sent to him with types and other material in 
the collections under his care. 

Dr. W. L. Abbott, associate in zoology, made two visits to the 
division of birds for purpose of examining material collected in 
Haiti and Santo Domingo by him, and giving information about the 
specimens and localities. Dr. H. C. Oberholser, of the Biological 
Survey, continued his determination of the Malayan material col- 
lected by Dr. W. L. Abbott, and made occasional identifications in 
other parts of the ornithological study series. Dr. A. Wetmore, also 
of the Biological Survey, although away from Washington most of 
the year, spent some time in work on the bird skeletons. 


Dr. E. R. Dunn, of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, identified 
various rejDtiles and batrachians during his visits to the Museum. 
Dr. O. P. Ha}^ and Mr. C. W. Gilmore have examined reptilian 
material from time to time. Mr. Remington Kellogg, of the Bio- 
logical Survey, has spent considerable time in the division of reptiles 
identifying and studying the entire collection of American toads of 
the genus Bufo with a view to preparing a monograph. 

Mr. "Walter Koelz's studies of the whitefishes in the division of 
fishes, mentioned in last year's report, were concluded during the 
present year. Similarly Mr, Carl L. Hubbs, of the University of 
Michigan, studied the lancelets and lampreys of the collection in 
connection with a forthcoming review of these groups. Dr. Henry 
W, Fowler, Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences, has greatly 
aided in the ichthj^ological work of the Museum. 

It is quite natural that when specialists visit the Museum to 
examine the collections in connection with the working up or mono- 
graphing larger groups in their home museums or own private col- 
lections, a considerable amount of original identification or correc- 
tion of current identifications of our own specimens must result. In 
this way the National Museum benefits directly by the visits of 
scientific workers from other institutions. Again, with the lack in 
Washington of specialists in many groups, the Museum is entirely 
dependent upon the generous assistance of many outsiders for proper 
identification of specimens sent to it. For these favors grateful 
acknowledgments are due. The division of insects has been par- 
ticularly fortunate in this respect during the present year. Thus 
Dr. E. P. Felt, State entomologist of New York, has recently re- 
turned a large collection of the dipterous gall-miclges (Cecido- 
mjddae) which were sent him several years ago. He has mounted 
our material on microscopic slides, the only possible permanent 
method for these very delicate and tiny flies; most of our material 
is now returned as types of new species, and he has added a large 
amount of his own type material, making our collection in the family 
probably second only to that of the New York State Museum in the 
world. As usual, Prof. T. D. A. Cockerell, of the University of 
Colorado, has aided greatly with the bees, while Mr. Nathan Banks 
and Dr. P. V. Chamberlin, both of the Museum of Comparative 
Zoology, have identified spiders and myriopods, respectively. So 
much work of a similar nature has been done by the various mem- 
bers of staff of the Bureau of Entomology in connection with their 
other studies that it would be impractical to acknowledge the 
assistance separatel}?^ and individually. 

What is true of the division of insects with regard to dependence 
on the aid of specialists residing outside of Washington for aid in 
identifying and classifying material due to insufficiency of the 


Museum staff holds good to a still greater extent in the division of 
marine invertebrates. In fact, so extensive is the number of these 
specialists, to whom the Museum is under great obligations, that a 
mere list of their names, with the i^articular group of invertebrates 
the}' have undertaken to work upon, must suffice for this report. 
It includes the following: Dr. Henry B. Bigelow (Medusae, Cteno- 
phora). Dr. L. A. Borradaile (Crustacea: Pontoniiclae), Dr. L. R. 
Gary (Alcyonarians), Dr. E. V. Chamberlin (x4nnelids and Gephy- 
rea). Dr. X. A. Cobb (free-living Nematodes), Dr. Wesley R. Coe 
(Nemerteans), Dr. Leon J. Cole (Pycnogonids), Dr. Henri Coutiere 
(Crustacea: Crangonidae), Dr. R. P. Cowles (Phoronidea), Dr. 
Joseph A. Cushman (Foraminifera), Prof. G. S. Dodds (fresh- 
water Entomostraca ) , Mr. A. A. Doolittle (fresh-water Entomo- 
straca), Prof. Max Ellis (Discodrilids), Dr. C. O. Esterly (marine 
Copepods), Dr. A. G. Huntsman (Ascidians), Mr. Fritz Johansen 
(fresh- water Entomostraca), Prof. Chauncey Juday (Crustacea: 
Daphniidae), Dr. C. Dwight Marsh (fresh-water Copepods), Dr. 
Alfred G. Mayor (Scyphomedusae), Dr. Maynard M. Metcalf 
(Salpa, Pyrosoma, Protozoa), Dr. J. Percy Moore (Leeches), Prof. 
J, Playfair McMurrich (Actinians), Dr. Charles C. Nutting (Hy- 
droids), Dr. Raymond C. Osbum (Bryozoa), Dr. Henrj^ A. Pilsbrj^ 
(Barnacles), Capt. F. A. Potts (Crustacea: Rhizocephalids) , Prof. 
Frank Smith (Earthworms), Dr. W. M. Tattersall (Crustacea: 
Mysidacea), Dr. Aaron L. Tread well (Annelids), Dr. Willard G. 
Van Name (Ascidians), Prof. L. B. Walton (Planarians), Dr. 
C. B. Wilson (parasitic Copepods). 

The division of moUusks, although less dependent on outside help, 
nevertheless gratefully acknowledges assistance received from vari- 
ous specialists. Thus Dr. Frank Baker, of the University of Illi- 
nois, and Dr. Victor Sterki, of New Philadelphia, Ohio, have kindly 
determined material. Through the kind cooperation of correspond- 
ents several puzzling points concerning Museum material have been 
cleared up by references to the original types or typical material in 
the collections under their care. These correspondents are Dr. H. A. 
Pilsbry, of the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia; Dr. 
F. B. Loomis, of Amherst College; and Mr. W. F. Clapp, of the 
Museum of Comparative Zoology. The Museum is under great obli- 
gation to the United States Navy Department for cooperation of a 
different kind, inasmuch as the investigations by Dr. Paul Bartsch, 
curator of mollusks, into the shipworm problem were greatly expe- 
dited through the efforts of the commanding officers of two of our 
navy yards. The deeper understanding of the subject gained through 
this investigation has greatly enhanced the value of our shipworm 
material. The officers referred to are Admiral C. W. Parks, Chief 
of the Bureau of Yards and Docks, LTnited States Navy Department ; 


Commander C. D. Thurber, United States naval station, Pearl Har- 
bor, Oahii. Hawaii ; and Capt. Edward L. Beach, commandant of the 
Mare Island Naval Station, Calif. As noted in previous reports, the 
study of fossil mollusks is so dependent on that of the recent forms 
that the paleontologists of the Geological Survey, notably Dr. AY. P. 
Woodring, Dr. Julia A. Gardner, Mr. W. C. Mansfield, and Dr. C. W. 
Cooke spent considerable time studying material in the division of 

The National Herbarium, as in previous years, is used frequently 
by many members of the scientific staffs of the Department of Agri- 
culture. In particular Dr. S. F. Blake, Dr. C. R. Ball, Prof. C. V. 
Piper, and Dr. W. E. Safford have given attention to several critical 
groups. Mr. Ivar Tidestrom has continued his work upon the plants 
of Utah and Nevada. 


The liberal policy of the Museum in keeping its collections and 
laboratories open to visiting specialists and in sending out its mate- 
rial to scientific workers in this and other countries, as outlined in last 
year's report, was continued during the present year to the mutual 
advantage of both parties. 

A nimiber of prominent students visited the various divisions for 
longer or shorter periods, as shown by the following list : Mr. Rem- 
ington Kellogg used the cetacean and other osteological mammalian 
material ; Mr. Herbert Lang, American Museum of Natural History, 
studied African squirrels ; Mr. H. E. Anthony, of the same museum. 
South American mammals ; Mr. R. M. Anderson, Geological Survey of 
Canada, specimens of caribou. The bird collections, besides being 
freely used by members of the staff of the Biological Survey, were 
examined b}^ Dr. W. B. Alexander, Perth, West Australia; Dr. 
Stanley C. Ball, Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii; Maj. Allan 
Brooks, Okanagan Landing, British Columbia; Dr. H. C. Bryant, 
Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, Berkeley, Calif. ; Mr. James P. 
Chapin, American Museum of Natural History, New York; Mr. 
H. K. Coale, Highland Park, 111.; Mr. Donald R. Dickey, Pasadena, 
Calif. ; Dr. Jonathan Dwight, New Y^ork City ; Mr. J. H. Fleming, 
Toronto, Canada : Dr. Joseph Grinnell, director of Museum of Ver- 
tebrate Zoology, Berkeley, Calif. ; Mr. Ludlow Griscom, American 
Museum of Natural History, New York; Mr. A. K. Haagner, Pre- 
toria, Transvaal; Mr. Romeyn B. Hough, Lowville, N. Y., Rev. 
H. W. Hubbard, Peking, China; Mr. M. J, Kelly, Everhart Museum, 
Scranton, Pa.; Mr. F. H. Kennard, Newton Center, Mass.; Mr. H. 
Matsumoto, N. E. Imperial L'^niversity, Sendai, Japan; Mr. W. DeW. 
Miller, American Museum of Natural History, New York ; Mrs. M. M. 
Nice, Norman, Okla. ; Dr. W. H. Osgood, Field Museum of Natural 


History, Chicago, 111. ; Mr. C. J. Pennock, Kennett Square, Pa. ; Dr. 
J. C. Phillips, Wenham, Mass. ; Mr. H. C. Raven, Bayshore, N. Y. ; Mrs. 
E. M. B. Reichenberger, American Museum of Natural History, New 
York; Mr. James Henry Rice, jr., Wiggins, S. C. ; Mr. Charles H. 
Rogers, Princeton, N. J. ; Mr. Ralph H. Rose, South Kortright, N. Y. ; 
Dr. L. C. Sanforcl, New Haven, Conn. ; Mr. P. A. Taverner, Ottawa, 
Canada ; Mr. W. E. Clyde Todd, Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, Pa. ; 
Prof. M. Oshima, of Japan. The above list covers those who ex- 
amined the skin collection, and includes a goodly number of members 
of the American Ornithologists' Union, who spent considerable time 
during the period of the meeting (Nov. 8-11, 1920) in investigating 
various questions in connection with their work in other museums or 
in relation to their own private collections. In the office of the divi- 
sion of birds there is a case reserved for common birds of the Eastern 
States, and certain birds about which inquiry is most frequent (the 
nightingale, the robin redbreast of Europe, the starling, etc.), as well 
as examples of a few birds noted for their bright colors or strange 
features of bill, plumage, etc. The inquiries of many amateurs and 
nature-study students are satisfied by reference to this case of birds, 
but no list of these visitors or statistics as to their numbers has been 
attemj)ted. The following students have examined the series of 
North American eggs or parts of it ; Prof. W. B. Barrows, Agricul- 
tural College, Mich.; :Mr. H. W. Brandt, Cleveland, Ohio; Mr. E. J. 
Court, Washington, D. C. ; Mr. A. F. Ganier, Nashville, Tenn. ; Mr. 
A. H. Hardisty, Washington, D. C. ; Mr. R. G. Pape, Texarkana, 
Ark. ; Dr. A. G. Ruthven, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. ; 
Mr. W. E. Saunders, London, Ontario, Canada; Mr. J Fletcher 
Street, Philadelphia, Pa. ; Mr. George H. Stuart, 3d, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Reptiles and amphibians were examined by Dr. Thomas Barbour, 
Museum of Comparative Zoology ; and Dr. E. R. Dunn, of the same 
museum; and Dr. Sidney F. Blake, of the Department of Agricul- 
ture. An unusual number of outside entomologists made prolonged 
stays of from several weeks to several months studying our ma- 
terials; thus Mr. Ray T. Webber, Melrose Highlands, Mass.; Mr. 
John Tothill, of the Canadian entomological staff; Mr. C. F. W. 
Musebeck, Dr. W. T. M. Forbes, and Mr. R. T. Shannon, all of 
Cornell University. Many other entomologists have visited the divi- 
sion of insects for a few days or a single day at a time, such as Mr. 
S. W. Frost, of the entomological staff of the Pennsylvania State 
College ; Dr. W. J. Holland, director of the Carnegie IMusemn, Pitts- 
burgh, Pa. ; Dr. William Barnes, Decatur, 111. ; and Dr. C. T. Ramsden, 
Guantanamo, Cuba. While no outsiders pursued any studies in the 
laboratories of the division of marine invertebrates during the pres- 
ent year, personal inquiries by members of the scientific staffs of the 


Bureau of Fisheries and of various bureaus of the Department of 
Agriculture were frequent. Doctor Ball, recentlj^ appointed curator 
of the Berenice Paliui Bishop Museum, in Honolulu, spent several 
days in the division of mollusks reviewing the collections to ac- 
quaint himself with the methods employed. Mollusks were also 
studied by Dr. G. Dallas Hanna, of the University of California; 
Dr. Bruce Clark, of the same university; and Hon. Truman H. 
Aldnch, who brought a lot of his material for comparison with that 
in the Museum. The division also had numerous personal calls 
from specialists in the Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Fish- 
eries, and Geological Survey for information or examination of 
collections as an aid in their particular lines of research. The visi- 
tors calling for information on special points at the division of echi- 
noderms were Mr. Wilfrid B. Alexander, of the Western Australian 
Museum, Perth, West Australia ,•• Dr. August F. Foerste. Dayton^ 
Ohio; Prof. T. Harvey Johnston, Queensland University, Brisbane; 
Prof. Hiko Matsumoto, Sendai University, Japan; Capt. Frank A. 
Potts, Cambridge, England ; and Dr. S. Yoshida, Osaka, Japan. Mr. 
Arthur de C. Sowerby, on his way to China to collect for the Museum, 
stopped for several days and visited with the curators and examined 
specimens. Dr. R. W, Shufeldt, Washington City, used the mammal, 
bird, and fish collections considerably in photographing and com- 
paring material. Among the professional botanists from elesewhere 
than Washington who have worked in the herbarium during the year 
are the following : Prof. H. M. Hall and Prof. Frederick E. Clem- 
ents, of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, who were engaged 
in studying A triplex, Chrysothamnus, and several other critical 
genera ; Dr. C. F. Millspaugh, of the Field Museum of Natural 
History, engaged in preparing an account of the flora of Santa 
Catalina Island, Calif. ; Dr. P. A. Eydberg of the New York Bo- 
tanical Garden, in connection with studies of Leguminosae and Com- 
positae for the North American Flora ; Mr. C. A. Weatherby, of East 
Hartford, Conn., engaged in the study of certain genera of fems; 
Prof. S. Mihara, director of the cotton experiment station at Mokpo, 
Chosen, Japan ; and Prof. Koyomitsu Ryu, of the College of Agri- 
culture, Morioka, Japan. 

A large number of specimens were asked for as loans by numerous 
outside investigators and institutions as an aid in the study of their 
own material. Mammals were loaned to Dr. J. A. Allen, Mr. H. E. 
Anthony, and Mr. Herbert Lang, of the American Museum of Nat- 
ural History, New York; the University of California, Department of 
Geology ; Mr. Arthur de C. Sowerby, London ; Dr. Oldfield Thomas, 
British Museum; Dr. G. D. Hanna, California Academy of Sciences; 
Dr. Joseph Grinnell, University of California; Dr. R. W. Shufeldt, 
Washington City. Birds were sent to Witmer Stone, Philadelphia 


Academy of Natural Sciences; Messrs. W. de W. Miller and J. P. 
Chapin, American Musemn of Natural History, New York; Mr. 
Frank Bond, Washington City; Maj. Allan Brooks and Mr. Louis 
Agassiz Fuertes, Ithaca, N. Y. ; Mr. Charles B. Cory, Field Museum 
of Natural History ; Dr. N. Kuroda, Tokyo, Japan ; Mr. H. H. Bailey, 
Miami Beach Zoological Park, Fla. ; Mr. A. C. Bent and Mr. J. C. 
Phillips, Cambridge, Mass. Reptiles and amphibians were sent to 
Dr. Thomas Barbour and Dr. E. R. Dunn, Museum of Comparative 
Zoology ; Miss M. C. Dickerson, American Museum of Natural His- 
tory, New York ; Dr. Frank N. Blanchard, Zoological Museum, Uni- 
versity of Michigan ; and Prof. A. M. Reese, West Virginia Univer- 
sity. From the division of fishes specimens were loaned to Mr. Carl 
L. Hubbs, Zoological Museum, University of Michigan, and Dr. 
Henry W. Fowler, Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences. In 
addition, specimens of fishes havQ been borrowed repeatedly by the 
specialists of the Bureau of Fisheries. No insect material of any im- 
portance was transmitted to investigators outside of the Museum. 
Marine invertebrates were sent to Dr. K. H. Barnard, South African 
Museum, Cape Town ; Capt. F. A. Potts, Zoological Laboratory, The 
Museums, Cambridge, England; Mr. W. A. Richter, North Milwau- 
kee, Wis.; Dr. Frank Smith, University of Illinois; Mrs. Leon S. 
Stone, New Haven, Conn. ; Mr. Joel H. Swartz, geological laboratory, 
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md.; Dr. A. L. Treadwell, 
Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. Plants sent out from the Na- 
tional Herbarium to specialists or institutions outside of Washington 
for study numbered 4,076, comprised in 71 lots, a slight falling off 
from the previous year. Only the larger atid more important loans 
are mentioned in the following list : 208 specimens of Azalea lent to 
the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University, for monographic 
study by Dr. Alfred Rehder ; 184 specimens of violets of the western 
United States lent to Dr. Ezra Brainerd, Middlebury, Vt., for study 
in connection with his forthcoming monograph of the North Ameri- 
can Vioiaceae ; 298 specimens of Hosachia lent to the University of 
California, Berkeley, Calif., for study by Prof. W. L. Jepson; 127 
specimens of Mimulus lent to Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y., for 
study by Mrs. Adele Lewis Grant, who is engaged in a revision of 
the North American species of this genus ; 108 specimens of FUix lent 
to the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University for study by Mr. C. A. 
Weatherby; 280 specimens of Hypoxis lent to the Gray Herbarium 
of Harvard University for study by Miss Amelia E. Brackett; 269 
specimens of Scrophulariaceae lent to the New York Botanical Gar- 
den for monographic study by Dr. Francis W. Pennell; 1,474 speci- 
mens of North American species of Piper lent to Prof. William 
Trelease, of the University of Illinois, Urbana, 111., for use in connec- 
tion with his monographic study of this genus. During the year 11 


persons connected with the Department of Agriculture have borrowed 
from the National Herbarium 44 lots of plants, aggregating 1,293 


DujDlicates distributed to schools, colleges, and institutions aggre- 
gated 2,925 specimens, of which 1,242 were in 8 sets of molluslvis, 
regularly prepared for this purpose, and two sets of 91 fishes each 
similarly prepared. 

A collection of about 500 glass eels, averaging in length 57 mm.' 
was collected for and presented to Dr. Johannes Schmidt, of the 
Carlsberg Laboratorium, Copenhagen, Denmark, to assist him in his 
studies of the development of the eel. Of the alcoholic specimens of 
the 17-3'^ear cicada, collected for the use of colleges and similar 
institutions, as mentioned in last year's report, one lot of 100 speci- 
mens was distributed this year. 

Exchanges to the number of 12,530 specimens were arranged, 11,926 
being botanical. Of the 604 zoological secimens, the most important 
exchange consisted of 149 bird skins, which were sent to the Museum 
of the University of Michigan ; the remainder were disposed of by 
the divisions of mammals, birds, reptiles, fishes, marine invertebrates, 
and mollusks in small lots as exchanges with various institutions and 
individuals. The largest exchanges of plants were sent to the New 
York Botanical Garden, British Museum of National History, Mr. J. 
Theriot, Le Havre, France, Gray Herbarium of Harvard University, 
Field Museums of Natural History, California Academy of Sciences, 
and the College de Longueuil, Quebec. The others, made up of sets 

of less than 500 specimens, were exchanged with 53 different insti- 
tutions and individuals. 



As explained in previous reports, the numbers given below can 
only be approximately correct. It would manifestly be impossible 
to count the specimens individually. The figures presented are based 
upon previous estimates, the numbers received during the year being 
added, and the specimens disposed of by gift's and exchange, or other- 
wise expended, being deducted. It should be noted that this census 
does not include the collections of mammals and birds in the custody 
of the Biological Survey. 

Duplicates have not been segregated in several of the divisions 
for various reasons, but more particularly because a large amount of 
material has yet to be worked over monographically, so as to make 
it safe to deplete the series. The figures furnished in last year's re- 
port for the duplicates of fishes contained not only the number of 
duplicates actually segregated but also a rough estimate as to the 
71305°— 21 6 


possible number of duplicates which the rest of the series might 
yield when eventually worked up. With the receipt this year of 
approximately 100.000 specimens of Philippine fishes this method 
of arriving at a fair estimate of the number of duplicates available 
for distribution proved utterly inadequate. It has therefore been 
considered the better plan only to list the number of duplicates 
actually segregated. It may be further noted that the figures for the 
division of plants are exclusive of the lower cryptogams. In the 
following table the figures in parentheses indicate the number of 
duplicates included in the total : 

Division : 

Mammals 77, 071 

Birds - 299,771 (9,150) 

Reptiles 74, 329 

Fishes 709,987 (25,000) 

Insects 2, 200, 000 

Marine invertebrates 704,539 (10,000) 

Mollusks 1, 436, 172 (12, 000) 

Echiuoderms 155,000 (50,000) 

Plants 1,073,000 (20,000) 

Total 6,729,869 (126,150) 

By George P. Mbbriix, Head Curator. 

Considered with reference only to the work actually accomplished 
along lines of investigation, the year ending June 30, 1921, has, with 
the possible exception of the year immediately preceding, been one 
unprecedented in the history of the department. 

Accessions. — A marked increase in the number of accessions is 
shown over those recorded in any one of the past 15 years. The total 
number listed is 231, a gain of 51 over last year, and of 29 over the 
recorded number in 1914—15, next highest on the list. Of the acquisi- 
tions of the present year, 151 were received as gifts, 39 as exchanges, 
24 as transfers from other departments of the Government, chiefly 
the Geological Survey, 5 were acquired by purchase, and 5 as deposits 
or loans. A considerable quantity of the gift and transfer material 
will, doubtless, on examination prove to be duplicate or undesirable, 
what proportion it is yet too early to state, but apparently the total 
value is well up to the average. The additions to the geological, 
mineralogical, and petrological collections number 1,772 individual 
specimens and 140 boxes and trays, only a few of which have as yet 
been unpacked and assorted, but which it is estimated will yield a 
total of not less than 20,000 specimens, while upward of 50,000 speci- 
mens have been added to the paleontological collections. 

The largest contributor to the division of geology was as usual 
the Geological Survey, whence were transferred 131 boxes and 7 
trays of material, much of it being described sets of rocks and ores. 
From this source also were received 5 specimens of the platinum- 
bearing covellite from the Rambler Mine, Wyo. ; the type set of 
specimens from the R and S molybdeum mine, N. Mex., described 
by E. S. Larsen and C. S. Ross; and a small collection of carnotite 
minerals and associated ores from Routt County, Colo., collected 
and reported on by Hoyt S. Gale. 

Accessions of materials from South America have been especially 
important. Through the courtesy of the Guggenheim interests, 
Custodian Frank L. Hess was enabled to add a large series illustra- 
tive of the Bolivian tin and tungsten ores, and through Messrs L. L. 
Ellis and Don Stewart, of Oruro, Bolivia, and Prof. Joseph T. 
SingeAvald, of Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, to secure other 
examples of like nature. From Mr. Tomas A. Le Breton, am- 



bassador from Argentina, was received a representative series of 
Argentina ores and minerals. 

Important additions were made to the borate collections from 
California by Assistant Curator Foshag. Other contributions re- 
ceived through the same source include specimens of rich silver 
ore from the California Kand Silver Co.,Eandsburg, Calif. ; of cerar- 
gyrite from the Calico District, gift of J. R. Lane, of Yermo, Calif. ; 
and an uncommonly large and pure example of cinnabar contributed 
by the New Alma den Mining Co. 

Among the radium-bearing materials received are carnotite ore 
from the Long Park, Colo., properties of the Radium Luminous 
Materials Corporation, furnished by the Radium InfoiTnation Serv- 
ice, New York City ; euxenite ore, sent at the request of F. L. Hess 
by the Orser-Kraft Feldspar Co. (Ltd.), of Perth, Ontario; torber- 
nite from White Signal, Grant County, N. Mex., gift of the Radium 
Treatment & Sanatorium Co., Silver City, N. Mex.; and approxi- 
mately a kilogram of uraninite from Joachimstahl, Bohemia, ac- 
quired by exchange from Ward's Natural Science Establishment. 

Among miscellaneous gifts may be mentioned two specimens of 
gold ore from the Mother Lode, Calif., and one of the White Pine 
County, Nev., scheelite, received from W, J. Loring, San Francisco, 
Calif. ; examples of crude talc of unusually fine quality from Death 
Valley, sent by the Pacific Minerals & Chemical Co., Glendale, Calif. ; 
bauxite from British Guiana, donated by the Demerara Bauxite 
Co., Philadelphia; a specimen of a sandstone used as a pulp 
stone in grinding wood for paper making, contributed by the Inter- 
national Paper Co., New York City; and a sand-rock used for 
various industrial purposes, by the National Silica Co., Oregon, 111. 

An exceptionally large example of filamentous basalt, Pele's hair, 
from Kilauea Crater, Hawaiian Islands, was presented by Prof. T. A. 
Jaggar through Dr. H. S. Washington, and four specimens of an 
unusual form of lava from the eruption of a volcano in San Salvador 
in 1917, together with photographs of the region, were received from 
Bartholomew Mclntire, San Francisco, through the Department of 

But four additions to the meteorite collection were recorded dur- 
ing the year. These comprised two examples of the Forsyth Count}^, 
N. C, iron, and one of the Chinautla, Guatemala, by exchange with 
Ward's Natural Science Establishment ; a fragment of the Troup, 
Tex., stone, deposited by the University of Texas ; and a piece weigh- 
ing 75 pounds cut from a 475-pound mass of iron found in Owens 
Valley, Calif., in 1913, by Mr. Lincoln Ellsworth, of New York City. 

The extent of the mineral collection was materiallj^ increased. A 
large number of new or rare species, including fine examples of 


precious opal from Nevada, a suite of rare sulphosalts from the Bin- 
nenthal, Switzerland, and miscellaneous minerals, chiefly from for- 
eign sources, were obtained through exchange with Ward's Natural 
Science Establishment. In a like manner were added a number of 
Italian minerals, received from Prof. Alberto Pelloux, Genoa ; mis- 
cellaneous minerals from California, including some rare sulphates 
and an attractive exhibition specimen of beautifully crystallized 
pink halite from Searles Lake, received from Mr. M. Vonsen, Peta- 
luma, Calif.; interesting lead and vanadium minerals sent by Mr. 
C. A. Heberlein, Supai, Ariz.; and a collection of the unusual zeo- 
lites from North Table Mountain, near Golden, Colo., received from 
the School of Mines at Golden. 

The Rainbow Ridge Mining Co., through Mr. Archie Rice, New 
York City, presented a suite of precious opal from their mines in 
Humboldt County, Nev. These show the variations in the coloring 
of the opal, ranging from the very dark or) "black" opal to the 
palest opalescent tints. The collection forms a part of an exhibit 
composed entirely of opals in the matrix. 

Additional accessions of note include the following gifts: Rare 
copper minerals from Chuquicamata, Chile, presented by Guggen- 
heim Bros., New York City; exceptional specimens of wolframite, 
by J. F. Aguilar Revoredo, Oruro, Bolivia, and of the rare mineral 
hewettite, by A. O. Egbert, Prescott, Ariz. ; sphenomanganite and 
catoptrite from Sweden, new to the collections, by Col. W. A. Roe- 
bling, Trenton, N. J.; inyoite from New Brunswick, by E. J. Arm- 
strong, Erie, Pa. ; a large specimen of bismuthinite, by W. H. Wey- 
her, Alta, Utah, and an exceptional specimen of sphalerite, by C. H. 
Short, Salt Lake City, both obtained through the efforts of Mr. Vic- 
tor C. Heikes; a large group of fluorspar crystals, by the Diamond 
Fluorspar Co., Karbers Ridge, 111. ; described specimens of augite 
and apthitalite, by Dr. Henry S. Washington ; and several examples 
of semiprecious stones, by F, M. Myrick, Johannesburg, Calif. 

A most important addition to the collection of gems and gem 
minerals was afforded by the acquisition, through the Frances Lea 
Chamberlain fund, of 56 cut and uncut tourmalines from Mesa 
Grande, Calif. The cut forms include both cabochons and facetted 
stones and show the rich variety of coloring characteristic of this 
mineral; the crystals are of varying sizes, showing two to three 
colors in each example. Through the same means were secured 9 
cabochons of chrysoprase; 6 blue zircons from Queensland, Aus- 
tralia; 4 carved jades; 2 cabochons of Persian turquoise; 2 cut gems 
each of Madagascar orthoclase and wernerite; 1 Australian opal 
carved in the form of a pansy blossom ; 4 blue and yellow Australian 
sapphires; and an Australian opal, cut cabochon, weighing 31.9 


carats. A cut topaz weighing 92.4 carats was received as a loan 
from Mrs. George P. Merrill. 

The principal addition to the petrological collection is the ex- 
tensive and valuable series comprising upward of 300 hand speci- 
mens of igneous rocks from the islands of the Pacific and Indian 
Oceans, collected by the late Dr. Joseph P. Iddings and presented 
by his sister, Mrs. Francis D. Cleveland, of Cambridge, Mass. These, 
one regrets to state, have not as yet been fully described. Several 
brief papers under the joint authorship of Drs. Iddings and 
Morely are sufficient to show their interest and importance, but it is 
evident much work upon them remains to be done. Including also 
the scientific portion of Dr. Iddings's library, as well as valuable 
collections assigned to other departments, this is considered one of 
the most noteworthy accessions of the year. 

Other additions, received by transfer from the Geological Survey, 
consist of collections of rocks from the western New England and 
eastern New York lime belt, collected by Prof. T. Nelson Dale, and 
miscellaneous rocks from Montana, Colorado, and Washington, col- 
lected by Messrs. Hancock, Pishel, and Beekley. 

The accessions in the section of invertebrate paleontology are of 
especial interest on account of the wide range of localities repre- 
sented. China, Australia, Tunis, Thrace, Java, Philippines, Hawaii, 
Trinidad, Jamaica, Haiti, Colombia, Argentina, Chile, and Bolivia 
are the most prominent of the foreign sources. 

Perhaps the most valuable of these foreign collections are the 
moUuscan types from Bowden, Jamaica, described by W. P. Wood- 
ring and deposited by Johns Hopkins University, and important 
acquisitions of fossil invertebrates and plants collected in China by 
Prof. George D. Louclerback, of the University of California. Large 
collections from Haiti, the result of surveys being made for the 
Haitian Government under the direction of the Geological Survey, 
through which institution they were presented by the Haitian Re- 
public, must also be mentioned, as well as a valuable lot of Tertiary 
fossils from Australia, received as an exchange from the National 
Museum, at Melbourne. 

Additions to the Cambrian collections are comprised in three 
accessions. About 6,000 specimens, collected and studied by Secretary 
Walcott, were deposited by the Smithsonian Institution; approxi- 
mately 1,000 from the Upper Cambrian of Wisconsin, received as a 
gift from Dr. W. O. Hotchkiss, State geologist, were secured through 
the efforts of Dr. E. O. Ulrich to supplement the monographic studies 
by himself and Dr. C. E. Eesser; and 332 specimens from Lancaster 
County, Pa., were presented by Dr. H. Justin Roddy, of Millers- 
ville. Pa. 


Approximate!}^ 25.000 specimens of Silurian and Devonian fossils 
from Maine, representing the final shipment of collections made by 
the late Prof. H. S. Williams, have been transferred from the Geo- 
logical Survey. The collections from these horizons have been 
further supplemented by valuable and much-needed materials se- 
cured through three exchanges with Eaymond E, Hibbard, of Buf- 
falo, N. Y. 

Additional noteworthy accessions are: An especially selected lot 
of Carboniferous foraminifera, gift of Hon. Charles H. Morrill, 
Lincoln, Xebr. ; a large collection containing many new species, par- 
ticularly of fossil sponges and trilobites, from a hitherto vmrepre- 
sented area in Nevada, received in exchange from Mr. H. G. Clinton, 
Manhattan, Xev. ; and a large slab of fossiliferous Ordovician lime- 
stone from southwestern Ohio, obtained by the curator for exhibi- 
tion purposes. 

By far the most important accession to the section of vertebrate 
paleontology is a collection of more than a hundred specimens of 
vertebrate remains, mostly mammalian, representing a new Pliocene 
fauna of 30 or more species, obtained by Mr. J. W. Gidley, working 
under the joint auspices of the National Museum and the Geological 
Survey. The collection includes basic material for two skeleton 
restorations, one of a little-lniown species of mastodon, the other a 
new species of Glyptotherium. Mr. Gidley also collected from the 
" bone quarry " at Agate, Nebr., a block or slab, 5^ by 3^ feet, and 
14 inches thick, weighing upward of 4,000 pounds, and containing 
numerous fossil bones, mostly of the little two-horned rhinoceros 
Diceratherium cooki. 

Mr. C, W, Gilmore, while investigating certain fossiliferous areas 
in New Mexico, noted elsewhere, secured interesting mammalian 

Of the materials acquired by exchange, mention may be made of 
a fossil turtle, Bystra norms, a rare specimen and the type of the 
genus, received from the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences; a 
disarticulated skull and lower jaws of the crested dinosaur Stephan- 
osaurus, the first representative of this reptile to be secured for the 
national collections; part of a skull and lower jaw of a Pleistocene 
elephant from an unknown locality, and an elephant tooth from 
Otranto, Italy, received from Ward's Natural Science Establish- 
ment ; approximately 200 specimens of Pleistocene mammals from a 
cave deposit near Coconino County, Ariz., received from the Uni- 
versity of Arizona; and two skulls of Diceratheriuin cooki and casts 
of two Permian reptile skulls from the University of Chicago. 

The lower jaw of a Pleistocene mastodon from near Yazoo City, 
Miss., gift of the Yazoo Commercial Club; a jawbone with teeth 
intact of the fossil shark, Edestus heim^chsii, gift of the Southern 


Coal, Coke & Mining Co., St. Louis, Mo.; and a fossil elephant skull, 
acquired by purchase, are additional accessions worthy of note. Men- 
tion may also be made of the acquisition of an original oil painting 
of a life restoration of the flying reptile Ornithostoma which. was 
deposited by the Smithsonian Institution. 

Of prime importance among the accessions to the section of 
paleobotany are large collections from the Eocene formations of 
southeastern North America, described and figured by E. W. Berry 
in Professional Pajoers of the United States Geological Survey. 
Following these should be noted gifts of unusually well-preserved 
exhibition and stud}' specimens from Malheur County, Oreg., and 
Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, the former presented by Mr. Sam Ballantyne, 
Boise, and the latter by Henry J. Eust, Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. 
Valuable material was also included in the extensive collection from 
China received from Professor Louderback, mention of which is 
made above. 

Explorations and expeditions. — Explorations were confined wholly 
to the division of paleontology. The field season of 1920 was spent 
as usual by Secretary Walcott in the Canadian Rockies. His work 
had for its object the determination of the character and extent of 
the great interval of nondeposition of sedimentary rock-forming 
material along the Front Range of the Rockies west of Calgary, 
Alberta, and the clearing up of the relations of the sunmait and base 
of the great Glacier Lake section of 1919 to the geological forma- 
tions above and below. Early in July work was begun along the 
Ghost River northeast of Banff; the Rocky Mountain front was 
studied and among its cliffs a new formation of Lower Middle 
Cambrian age was determined. Forty miles north of Lake Louise 
a geological section was studied in detail that tied in the base of 
the Glacier Lake section with the Middle and Lower Cambrian 
formations. Proceeding to the upper valley of the Clear Water 
River, a most perfectly exposed series of limestones, shales, and sand- 
stones of Upper Cambrian and later formations was found, which 
cleared up the relations of the upper portion of the Glacier Lake 
section to the Ordovician formations above. 

During July, 1920, and again in January, 1921, Curator Bassler 
was engaged in the preparation of casts of type specimens of fos- 
sils in the Walker Museum, University of Chicago, in continua- 
tion of plans to attain for the national collections their proper com- 
pleteness by having represented all available type specimens. The 
casting of all the Devonian, Mississippian, and Pennsylvanian types 
in the Walker Museum, amounting to some thousands of specimens, 
was accomplished during these two visits. 

Dr. E. O. Ulrich, of the Geological Survey, associate in paleon- 
tology, continued his field researches on the Cambrian and Ordo- 


viciaii rocks of the Appalacliian and Mississippi Valleys during the 
first three and last two months of the fiscal year. Accompanied by 
his assistant, he studied numerous areas to determine doubtful geo- 
logical points, during the course of which he obtained valuable col- 
lections which will come to the National Museum. 

Early in the year Assistant Curator J. W. Gidley was detailed to 
visit Williamsburg, Ya., to investigate a reported find of some fossil 
bones in that vicinity. These proved to be the remains of an extinct 
species of whale of Miocene age, but were incomplete and too badly 
damaged to make possible the recovery of a sufficient number for an 
exhibition mount. 

Two other important field expeditions were undertaken hx Mr. 
Gidley during the year, the first as the result of reports from Mr. 
Kirk Bryan, of the Geological Survey, who had discovered some 
promising localities for fossil A'ertebrate remains while maldng an 
extensive survey of the underground water resources in the San 
Pedro Valley of Arizona. Mr. Gidley spent two months or more in 
the Arizona field, visiting three localities in the San Pedro Valley 
and one in Sulphur Springs Valley. The last yielded only fragmen- 
tary remains of Pleistocene mammals, but much better results were 
obtained in the San Pedro Valley, where two localities, one about 
2 miles south of Benson, the other at the Curtis ranch, about 14 miles 
south of Benson, yielded remains of about 30 species, mostly mam- 
mals, which seem to represent a new or little-known Pliocene faima. 
Mr. Gidley shipped 21 boxes, with an aggregate weight of about 
4,630 pounds. A portion of this material will be suitable for ex- 
hibition, the most important being remains sufficiently complete to 
form the basis of skeleton restorations of a rare species of mastodon 
and a large edentate. Other remains represent extinct species of 
camels, carnivorous animals, rodents, turtles, and birds. 

The second expedition, entirely under Museum auspices, included 
a trip to Agate Springs, Nebr., where was secured a large slab, or 
block of limestone containing remains of the little rhinoceros Dicera- 
therium cooli. This will be cleaned and exhibited with the bones 
in situ. 

Mr. C. W. Gilmore was detailed in April to visit a fossiliferoug 
area some 36 miles north of Santa Fe, N. Mex., for the purpose of 
making collections of paleontological material, and for determining 
the advisabilit}" of reserving certain lands for national monument 
purposes. A skull, lower jaws, and other bones of an extinct rhi- 
noceros, various limb and foot bones of a camel, and a small collec- 
tion of miscellaneous specimens were obtained as a result of this trip. 

Worh of preserving and installing the collections. — Numerous 
minor changes have been made in the exhibition collections by the 
addition of new material. A special case to accommodate two large 

88 REPORT OF 13"ATlO:SrAL MITSEtJM, 1921. 

masses of molybdenum ore has recently been installed, and an in- 
structive addition made by Mr. Shannon to the economic series in 
the form of weighed samples of some of the more important ores, 
each of which is accompanied by samples of its constituent elements 
in their relative portions. The saline series has been greatly im- 
proved by the addition of materials collected in California by Mr. 
Foshag. To make space for a collection of ores from Argentina, a 
series of mercury-antimony ores from Huitzuco, Mexico, was removed 
from exhibition. 

Information sufficient for the disposition of some 250 boxes of mis- 
cellaneous material stored for the Geological Survey in the summer 
of 1919 having been received from the Director, the task of assorting 
them was undertaken and carried out so far as the identit}'- of the 
boxes could be definitely determined. This proved both tedious and 
difficult owing to careless and incomplete labeling. A part of the 
boxes were returned to the survey, some turned over to A^arious sur- 
vey men located in the National Museum, and 128 boxes were acces- 
sioned as a transfer. Of the last named but a small proportion has 
as 3'et been unpacked. The work goes slowly since much of the ma- 
terial is in such a condition that the disposition of each lot requires 
careful consideration, and in many cases can not be made without 
thorough investigation and consultation with the survey collectors. 
Where decision is possible the material has either been rejected as 
unsuitable for museum purposes or has been catalogued and incorpo- 
rated in the collections. 

Two cases supplementing the collection of gems have been added to 
the exhibits in the mineral hall. One of these contains gem minerals 
in the matrix or as found in nature ; the other illustrates the varieties 
and occurrence of precious opal. 

Incidental to the visit of Madame Curie the exhibit illustrating 
radio-activity was materially enlarged and reinstalled in two cases 
at the east end of the mineral hall, where it is more attractive as well 
as more instructive than as formerly displayed. 

The study series of minerals has been entirely overhauled, cleaned, 
and rearranged. A number of specimens were transferred to other 
series, and the drawer labels improved to facilitate the ready location 
of specimens. The duplicate collection has likewise been overhauled 
and a large amount of worthless material discarded. Several hun- 
dred petrographical specimens selected from old sets broken up have 
been incorporated in the study series of rocks. 

The great influx of new collections to the section of invertebrate 
paleontology has required continued rearrangement of the study 
series in order to accommodate the new material. Much time has to 
be spent each year in this purely manual labor, but condensation and 
elimination of duplicates is necessary since the collections at present 


nearly fill the available space. The Cambrian collections under the 
charge of Secretary Walcott were so condensed during the year that 
an entire room in the Smithsonian building was made available for 
other purposes. Assistant Curator Resser has also reduced the Cam- 
brian collections housed in the Museum Building until they now 
occupy the minimum of space and still remain accessible. 

Similar work on the post-Cambrian Paleozoic collections has been 
carried on by Curator Bassler. Additional space afforded by the 
transfer of a number of steel cases from the department of anthro- 
pology has made possible the withdrawal of all material from storage, 
so that all collections are now easily accessible. Lack of time, how- 
ever, has prevented completion of the arrangement of large collec- 
tions of Devonian invertebrates known as the Williams collection, 
although Doctor Resser has devoted considerable time to this work. 
The preparation and classification of 10 boxes of Cambrian and 
Ordovician fossils forwarded by the Canadian Geological Survey 
for study by Secretary Walcott occupied about two months of Doctor 
Resser 's time. 

The Mesozoic collections have as heretofore been cared for by 
Dr. T. W. Stanton, Dr. W. H. Dall has kept the biologic collections 
of the Cenozoic series up to their usual high standard, and Dr. T. W. 
Vaughan has cared for the numerous large accessions secured through 
his activities. 

Miss Jessie Beach, aid, has assisted in all work on both the exhibi- 
tion and study series where literary and clerical help were required. 
Her duties have included reading of proof, preparation of manu- 
script, registering and numbering specimens, and general routine 
work of the division. 

The preparation of photographic material for illustration, par- 
ticularly of fossil insects, cephalopods, and protozoans, often micro- 
scopic, has as heretofore devolved on Messrs. Bassler and Resser, and 
been executed with their customary skill and taste. 

In addition to the cleaning and rearranging necessary every year 
exhibition work in the section has included the preparation of a 
mount illustrating an Ordovician sea beach ; an exhibit of fossil in- 
sects occupying one-half of an upright case; and work toward the 
improvement of the stratigraphic exhibit of Paleozoic faunas. The 
forms are often small and so inconspicuous to the average visitor 
that in many cases enlarged photographs are now introduced with 
the specimens. Experience has shown that a picture calls attention 
to the descriptive label and this to the fossil itself. 

Dr. Frank Springer has selected from his collection an instructive 
and showy biological series of fossil crinoids, an exhibit which occu- 
pies two entire cases, and which can not be surpassed in any museum. 


Several additions to the exhibits of fossil vertebrates resulted from 
the work in that section diirinfi; the year. A skeleton of Brnehijcera- 
to'ps 1/iontanensis, unique in being the smallest horned dinosaur yet 
discovered, forms a most interesting addition to the exhibits illus- 
trative of the Ceratopsia. Mr. N. H, Boss is to be highly commended 
for the excellence of the mount, which in some respects proved to be 
a most difficult subject. It might also be mentioned that the Na- 
tional Museum now has mounted skeletons of the smallest as well 
as the largest individuals of this race of dinosaurs, and, indeed, the 
only ones of their kind in any museum in the world (pi. 2). 

Mr. Boss also prepared the skeleton of the smallest lizard, Smiiwa 
ensideris, the type, specimen, which had been in the Museum for the 
past 50 years in the condition as received from the field and described 
by Leidy. Instead of consisting of but a few bones, the specimen 
was found to have the greater part of the skull, the backbone, and 
numerous other bones preserved. This is a most important specimen 
from a historical standpoint, being the first Varanicl lizard to be de- 
scribed from North America ; also, it is now known to be the most 
perfect skeleton of its kind as well as the most ancient. 

The work of mounting the skeleton of the fossil wolverine, Gulo, 
from the Cumberland cave deposit, reported as under preparation 
last year, has been completed by Mr. Home, as has also that of a com- 
posite mount of a bear. There are now on exhibition three skeleton 
mounts from the material collected from this deposit several years 
ago by Mr. Gidley (pi. 3). 

Mr. Home has also completed mounts of the skulls of Monoclonms 
■fl,exus and Eleflias j^rimigenius and cleaned and restored the miss- 
ing parts of eight large Oreodont skulls from the Miocene of Oregon. 

A number of Titanothere skulls have been prepared for use in a 
special exhibit comprising some 26 individuals now being installed 
in a new case in the southeast comer of the exhibition hall. Mounts 
for more than half of these are made, and the work is well under way. 

Mr. Barrett was engaged for the entire year in preparatory repair 
work, chiefly on specimens from the study collections. Special men- 
tion should be made of the complete overhauling of the many trays 
of miscellaneous Titanothere materials. Scattered parts of indi- 
viduals were assembled, broken bones repaired, and the material ar- 
ranged in standard trays in the steel cases, thus rendering them 
easily accessible. Several hundred individual bones of the Cumber- 
land cave material, several small collections received from the United 
States Geological Survey, a large cetacean skull from the diatom de- 
posits of California, numerous Ceratopsian fragments, and a consid- 
erable portion of a wolf skeleton have also received attention. 

Report of U. S. National Museum, 1921 . 

Plate 2. 









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Report of U. S. National Museum, 1921 

Plate 3. 


Mr. Gidley has continued his systematic arranijement of the Fort 
Union materials, adding about 200 to the identified and 450 to the 
catalogued lists of this collection. 

Since the resignation of Mrs. Stelle, the position of aid in paleo- 
botany has remained vacant. Messrs. Bassler and Resser have there- 
fore been obliged to look after the work of this section. Exhibition 
work has dealt mainly with the biologic series occupying the long 
wall case in the paleobotanical hall. This exhibit, now well advanced, 
illustrates the biologic relationships of fossil plants, and. supple- 
mented by ample descriptive labels and numerous diagrams and pho- 
tographs, shows admirably the evolution of these organisms. Miss 
Beach has assisted in the cataloguing and numbering of the new ac- 
quisitions in the section. 

Present condition of the collections. — The mineral collection, 
though ranking but third among those of the public museums of the 
country, is nevertheless entitled to almost first consideration on ac- 
count of the method of display. As in the year past, the gem portion 
of this collection has been under the immediate supervision of Miss 
Maro-aret Moodev, to whose taste is due much of its attractiveness. 
This collection has greatly prospered through the Chamberlain en- 
dowment. Were it necessary to emphasize the desirability of having 
a perfectly definite specified sum from which could be drawn imme- 
diately funds for purchase, it is here offered. Among the entire 
series the opals have perhaps profited the most. The collection as a 
whole is fairly balanced, though naturally lacking as complete a 
series of diamonds, rubies, sapphires, and other expensive stones as 
might be wished. 

Little has been added to the exhibition series in physical and 
chemical geology, the petrographical series and the collections of 
larger materials grouped under the heads of rock-weathering, glacia- 
tion, vulcanism, etc, remaining practically unchanged from last 
year. The meteorite exhibit has received several important addi- 
tions as listed below : 

Appley Bridge, England (stone) 590 

Colby, Wis. (stone) \\fm 

Forsyth County, N. C. (iron) ] ^^„ 

1 418 

Owens Valley, Calif, (iron) 35,500 

Troup, Texas (stone) 115 

Yenberrie, Australia (iron) 3.320 

The collection, though ranking but third among the public collec- 
tions in America, is nevertheless one of great importance on account 
of the unusually large proportion of stones which have been the 
subject of systematic investigation. The total number of falls an^d 
finds now represented is 490. 


As a whole, the exhibition collections throughout the department 
are now in good order, although there are important gaps. This is 
particularly the case in vertebrate paleontology, where there is need 
of skeletal remains of some of the larger reptilian forms. The study 
series in all divisions are in good order and accessible, and the cata- 
logues are well up to date. 

Researches. — The Head Curator has continued his studies on 
meteorites and has completed, for the time being, researches on 
chondritic structure and metamorphism. 

For the first time in the history of the department there has been 
made — at least begun — a systematic attempt at determining the 
mineralogical nature of the ore collections. Heretofore, owing to 
lack of assistance, it has been possible to classify these collections 
only according to the principal metal they carried, regardless of its 
form of combination. Mr. Shannon has attacked the problem with 
energy, skill, and intelligence, and in connection with his work has 
not merely discovered minerals new to the localities, but in several 
instances new to science. Andorite, not previously known from 
America, has been found to constitute silver ore from Nevada, and 
lead ores from Colorado have been found to consist of phosgenite 
and strontiiun-bearing cerussite. Mr. Shannon has also made a de- 
tailed study of the black sands of Idaho, disclosing many new and 
unusual facts regarding them. Crystallographic investigations on 
datolite, vivianite, and boulangerite have been published or are in 
process of publication. Chemical examinations of four new mineral 
species, owyheeite, nyeite, higginsite, and orientite, have been com- 
pleted, and ludwigite from several localities has been investigated. 
The mineral collbranite has been proven identical with ludwigite. 

The division of mineralogy has likewise prospered under the con- 
ditions existing during the past two years. Assistant Curator 
Foshag has thoroughly overhauled and rearranged the mineral col- 
lection, and corrected and brought up to date the card catalogue 
of the same. He has also, incidentally, analyzed and described sev- 
eral minerals, some of which were new to science. Among these 
mention may be made of plazolite, a new mineral, creedite, and a 
number of the borate minerals. He has under investigation the 
minerals microlite, eakleite, a new mineral from California, and 
some rare lazurite-bearing rocks, also from California. 

With the departure of Mr. Foshag, work on the petrographic 
series must come to a stop. This is greatly to be regretted since 
there are thousands of specimens which need assorting, a portion 
to be reserved, a portion held for duplicates, and still another por- 
tion to be rejected. This is a work which can be done only by one 
with some petrographic training. The work is falling more and 
more behind yearly and unless we are more fortunate in holding our 


assistants in the future than in the past, the outlook is indeed dis- 
couraging. Many of these collections are large and of great scien- 
tific interest, as, for instance, those of the igneous rocks of the 
Yellowstone Park described by the late Dr. J. P. Iddings, as well 
as those of the Pacific and South Sea Islands. These need to be 
numbered and marked individually in a manner to insure them 
against being lost or mislaid through careless handling. Now they 
simply lie in pasteboard trays with labels mainly in pencil, and 
nothing to serve as a connecting medium between the two. The 
overturning of a tray, thus separating specimen from label, would 
therefore result in complete ruin. 

Paleontological researches included those by Secretary Walcott 
on the appendages of the trilobite and related Crustacea, upon which 
subject he has practically completed a memoir. 

Curator E. S. Bassler, in association with Ferdinand Canu, com- 
pleted the concluding volume of their studies on the American 
Cenozoic Bryozoa, as well as certain researches entitled " Studies on 
fossil and recent Cyclostomatous Bryozoa." 

Dr. E. O. Ulrich's monographic studies on the early Paleozoic 
faunas have progressed to a point where they are nearing com- 
pletion. With Doctor Bassler he has undertaken a monograph em- 
bracing some 400 species of Silurian Bryozoa and Ostracoda of 
Maryland, which will be published by the geological survey of that 
State, and in association with Dr. C. E. Eesser, has continued work 
on the Upper Cambrian faunas of the Mississippi Valley, having 
practically completed the description and illustration of several large 
families of Early Paleozoic trilobites. 

Dr. Frank Springer has begun studies preparatory to a monograph 
on the Silurian Crinoidea of North America, forms in which his 
collection is especially rich. 

Dr. T. W. Stanton has continued work on the invertebrate faunas 
of the Comanche series of the Cretaceous, and Dr. F. H. Knowlton 
has completed a manuscript on the fossil plants of the Miocene Lake 
Bed formation of South Central Colorado, and is now engaged on a 
revision of the flora of the Green River formation. Dr. Mary J. 
Eathbun identified a small collection of fossils from Trinidad, ob- 
tained by J. A. Bullbrook and F. W. Penny. 

Mr. C. W. Gilmore completed a short paper on the fauna of the 
Arundel formation of Maryland, and a semipopular account of the 
horned dinosaurs for the Smithsonian annual report, both of which 
are now in press. The manuscript and illustrations for an article 
descriptive of the extinct lizard Saniwa ensidens Leidy are nearing 
completion, and a report on the Cretaceous fossil Eeptilia of the 
State of North Carolina was prepared for the geological survey of 
that State. 


Mr. J. W. (ridley's long absence in the field prevented the com- 
pletion of his researches on the Fort Union Primates. However, his 
studies are nearing an end, and he hopes to present the results for 
publication in a short time. Some progress has also been made on 
the study of the Cumberland Cave carnivores. 

Within the year, 347 lots of material have been sent in from vari- 
ous sources for determination. No inconsiderable amount of time is 
spent in this work. In the majority of cases, a laboratory test is 
necessary to determine the nature of the material, and when fossils 
are submitted, one lot often consists of a number of forms which 
frequently require careful study. Incidentally, the clerical work 
necessary to keep track of these, and in writing the reports, is a con- 
siderable item in the day's work. In addition to this, and aside from 
inquiries which come direct to members of the staif, 484 letters from 
persons seeking information on various subjects have passed through 
the office within the year. 

Various students outside the staff have engaged in researches on 
the collections, particularly the paleontological. Dr. August F. 
Foerste, of Dayton, Ohio, spent the summer of 1920 in a study of 
Silurian cephalopods and Ordovician trilobites; Dr. Arthur Hollick 
has been engaged for a part of the year studying the Alaskan floras, 
under the auspices of the United States Geological Survey. Miss 
Winifred Goldring, of the New York State Museum ; Prof. E. W. 
Berry, of Johns Hopkins University; Dr. Ralph Chaney, of the 
University of California ; and Dr. G. R. Wieland, of Yale University, 
have likewise been students of the plant collections. Mr. A. S. 
Eomer, of Columbia University, New York, studied our Permian 
reptilian and amphibian materials in connection with his thesis on 
comparative myology ; Mr. Childs Frick, of New York, spent some 
time in looking over our Equus specimens in connection with his 
studies of the Pacific coast Pliocene and Pleistocene faunas ; and Mr. 
Eemington Kellogg, of the Biological Survey, studied certain of our 
cetacean materials as an aid to his investigations of the Pacific coast 
Cetacea. It might be said that aside from the advantage to the 
student, the help of these various specialists is of very great benefit 
to the collections. 

Messrs. Palache, of Harvard University, and Hewett and Larsen, 
of the Geological Survey, have collaborated on sundryj occasions 
with Messrs. Shannon and Foshag, as will appear in their publica- 
tions. Cooperation with the Maryland Geological Survey is shown 
in the forthcoming Silurian volume of that organization, a work 
which has resulted in the acquisition of many type specimens 
by the National Museum. Mr. Bruce Wade, of the Geological Sur- 
vev of Tennessee, has studied and described the Museum's large col- 
lection of Cretaceous fossils from that State; Dr. O. P. Hay has 


continued his descriptive work on American Pleistocene faunas ; and 
many other specialists, among whom may be mentioned Ferdinand 
Canu, Versailles, France; Dr. M. A. Howe, New York Botanical 
Gardens; Dr. J. A. Cushman, Boston Society of Natural History; 
Prof. T. D. A. Cockrell, Boulder, Colo.; and Dr. R. T. Jackson, 
Peterboro, N. H,, have collaborated by their studies. 

Mr. A. Rodolfo Martinez, of the Geological Institute of Mexico, 
has been working in the laboratory studying methods of mineralog- 
ical and petrological research. 

Distributions. — Exchanges predominated in the distributions made 
during the year. These were comprised in 41 shipments with an 
aggregate of 10,250 specimens and 374 pounds of material in bulk. 
Eleven specially prepared lots, comprising 447 specimens, were sent 
out as gifts, and 612 individual specimens, with the addition of 150 
l^ounds of magnetite, were transmitted in 20 shipments to special 
students and institutions for investigation or experimental work. 

In addition, 23 sets of ores and minerals, 3 sets illustrating rock 
weathering and soil formation, and 3 sets of invertebrate fossils, ag- 
gregating 2,156 specimens, were distributed to schools. 

Total number of specimens in the de'pojrtment. — It is impossible 
to give with even approximate accuracy the number of specimens in 
a collection of this nature. It is estimated, however, that the collec- 
tions of the several divisions yield a total of not less than 1,500,000 
specimens. No statement as to the number of duplicates included 
can possibly be made. 
71305°— 21 7 


By F. L. Lewton, Curator of Textiles. 

The accessions received during the year number 75 (including one 
joint accession with another department), being just the same as the 
preceding year. 

The entries covered by the above accessions number 943, 772 less 
than were received in the fiscal year 1920. These entries may be 
divided into five groups as follows: Textiles 61, medicine 509, wood 
technology 152, foods 159, and miscellaneous organic products 62, 
each group, with the exception of foods, showing fewer entries than 
last year. 

"V^Tiile the number and quality of these accessions have undoubtedly 
been influenced by the economic conditions prevalent throughout the 
country, taken as a whole, they compare very favorably in historic 
and scientific value with those of other years. 


With the generous cooperation of American firms producing the 
highest qualities of textiles, the National Museum is building up a 
collection for exhibition and record to show the achievements of 
American textile industries. 

In this connection, the most important and valuable accession of 
textile specimens received during the year was a series of 18 speci- 
mens of fur fabrics, velvets, and plushes, woven at Shelton, Conn., 
and contributed by Sidney Blumenthal & Co. (Inc.), of New York, 
N. Y., to whom the Museum has several times been indebted for 
beautiful examples of this class of textiles. The specimens received 
include " Kerami," " Chinak," " Perwitzky," " Baby Persian Lamb," 
and "Kitmole," pile fabrics representing the skins of real animals; 
" Continental," " Shelbourne," " Taranto," " Fenwick Textone," and 
" Chadwick," upholstery velvets in two-pile and printed effects ; and 
seven specimens of novelty pile fabrics for coats, dresses, and trim- 
mings, sold under the names of " Glamorsheen," " Panoply," " Pan 
Ondulay," " Ronge Plush," "Alfresco Plush," and "Audubon." The 
last-named fabric has been finished to resemble the plumage of birds 
and is adapted for millinery and dress trimmings and for bags and 
fancy work. 



The silk collection was increased by seven specimens of novelty 
silk fabrics woven at Hazelton, Pa., the gift of the Duplan Silk 
Corporation, New York City. These comprise beautiful piece and 
cross-dyed combinations of silk and artificial silk, woven with 
hard-twisted crepe yarns and slack-twisted novelty yarns in plain, 
satin, and twill weaves. 

In accordance with the plan of preserving as an historical record 
all types of equipment and apparatus used in the War with Ger- 
man3% the Museum obtained by transfer from the Director of Air 
Service, specimens of the airplane fabrics used in the construction 
and equipment of airplanes for military use. These included two 
grades of imported Irish linen manufactured in accordance with 
British Air Board specifications, and the best grades of cotton 
airplane cloth and balloon cloth. These wonderful fabrics were 
made in America from sea-island cotton of not less than one 
and one-half inch staple. The airplane cotton weighs about 4 
ounces to the square yard, is mercerized, and looks like fine silk 
poplin. The Director of the Air Service, through the Material 
Disposal and Salvage Division, sold a surplus of these fabrics, 
amounting to many hundred thousand yards, to the public and to 
manufacturers. In order to demonstrate to the drj^-goods trade 
how the cotton airplane and balloon fabrics could be used, some of 
it was " converted " into dress and drapery fabrics by bleaching, 
dyeing, or printing. The converted airplane fabrics were also sold 
to the public, and samples of these were included in the specimens 
transferred to the Museum. 

The Museum is indebted to Mr. T. J. Keleher, of Washington, 
D. C, for a Riker mount of a series of entomological specimens 
exhibiting the life cycle of the silkworm moth. 

The collection of hand-woven and hand-worked textiles was aug- 
mented by a number of interesting specimens acquired by gift, loan, 
or purchase. To Miss Em-Sidell Schroeder, of Washington, the 
Museum is indebted for the gift of a fine specimen of tied and dyed 
work in the shape of a " Shikar Chundri," made in Rajputana, 
India. This has only a part of the strings removed, and shows the 
method of tying the cotton fabric to enable portions of it to resist 
the dye and so develop the intended pattern. Miss Schroeder also 
contributed two specimens of hand weaving done at the Washington 
Handicraft School, and a bark cloth pillow cover. An old blue and 
Avhite double-woven coverlet was received by exchange from Mrs. 
M. W. Gill of Washington, D. C. Two patchwork quilts, repre- 
senting a form of needlework which was once a popular household 
art, but is now fast passing away, were received during the year. 
One, of silk, loaned to the collections by Mrs. A. F. Graham, of 
Washington, D. C, presents good examples of patchAvork, quilting, 


and hand embroidery; the other, a cotton quilt, interesting because 
of its old, English landscape chintz lining, was obtained from 
Miss Edith C. Long, also of Washington, D. C. 

Our collection of Cashmere shawls has been augmented by the loan 
of an interesting specimen from Mrs. Louise E. Hogan, Neponsit, 
Long Island, N. Y., which represents a quality unlike those heretofore 
received, and for this reason is a valuable acquisition, as this class 
of art textiles presents a large field for study, because of the wide 
variety of design, color, and quality of yarn used in the manufacture 
of these shawls. 

Examples of the interesting textile fabrics woven by the Moros of 
the Lake Lanao region of the Island of Mindanao, in the southern 
part of the Philippine Archipelago, were loaned to the Museum by 
Lieut. Col. F. W. Brown, Washington, D. C. The 26 specimens of 
Moro weaving include bright-colored plaid squares of cotton for 
headdresses ; long, striped cotton scarfs or sashes ; and all cotton, and 
cotton and silk sarongs in gay stripes of blue, red, green, yellow, 
and magenta. Several of these fabrics showed wide stripes woven 
with warp threads which had been tied and dyed, giving beautiful 
mottled or clouded effects. 

Examples of the household crafts of earlier days, consisting of a 
spinning wheel of the type used to spin wool and cotton yarns ; a home- 
made, four-arm clock reel for reeling the spun yarn into the skeins 
or cuts of uniform length required for warping the old hand looms; 
three homemade baskets woven from aspen and willow sprouts grown 
in Virginia ; two candle molds ; and a bundle of dressed raw flax which 
was grown in Fairfax, Va., soon after the Civil War, were contributed 
by Mrs. Charles R. Weed, of Seat Pleasant, Md. 

The National Museum is indebted to Mrs. M. W. Gill, of Wash- 
ington, for the deposit of a Florence lock-stitch sewing machine, 
which will be added to the series of sewing machines illustrating the 
development of this most useful invention, the first of which to sew 
a seam by machinery is the Howe machine of 1845. 

In the division of medicine, the most important accession of the 
year was the deposit of an automatic tablet machine by the Arthur 
Colton Co., of Detroit, Mich. Compressed tablets are now used to an 
enormous extent in medicine, being made with machinery of in- 
genious construction. The fact that this class of tablets requires no 
medium or vehicle to aid in their administration, and the ease with 
which they can be tested, as well as their permanent character (in 
most cases being just as valuable years after they are made as when 
fresh) has made them a very popular form of medication. This ma- 
chine is equipped with an electric motor, and will produce from one 
to three hundred tablets a minute. It will be used to demonstrate 
how medicated tablets are made. 


Next in importance is the accession covering the contribution of 
the H. K. Mulford Co., of Philadelphia, Pa., illustrating vaccine and 
serum therapy. Few of the present generation are aware of the fact 
that smallpox, the most terrible of all the ministers of death, killed 
at least 60,000,000 people in the 18th century, and that in preceding 
centuries, about 10 per cent of all deaths were attributable to this dis- 
ease. Millions of the survivors weakened, crippled, sightless, all bore 
hideous traces of the power of this scourge. It was left for a humble 
village doctor, Edward Jenner, in 178^ to conquer this disease by a 
bit of virus on the point of an ivory lancet. It was he who dem- 
onstrated to the world that this disease in the cow is mild, while in 
man it is virulent, and introduced cowpox virus into the system of 
human subjects to render them immune from the malignant type. 
With compulsory vaccination, Jenner's discovery has become so effec- 
tive that many active physicians have never seen a case of smallpox. 
The average person knows comparatively little about this wonderful 
discovery and the manner in which one of the greatest scourges to 
mankind was conquered. An exhibit has been arranged in a manner 
which tells something of the history of the discovery; the terrible 
effects of the disease ; the trifling inconvenience of vaccination ; and 
the modern sanitary methods of procuring the virus, etc. 

Another valuable medical discovery was that of the antitoxic 
property of the blood serum of animals immunized by the inocula- 
tion of bacterial toxins. The principle of this discovery, which was 
ma^e in 1890 by Behring and Kitasato, is that the blood serum of a 
subject which has recovered from an attack of a communicable dis- 
ease caused by bacteria when transferred to another subject will 
render the latter immune. Since this discovery, antitoxins for the 
prophylactic and curative treatment of diphtheria and lockjaw have 
been included in the United States Pharmacopoeia. All serums are 
obtained in practically the same manner, and so an educational ex- 
liibit was arranged to give the public a better understanding of the 
theory and principles of serum therapy. The subject of" diphtheria 
was chosen to illustrate in detail, and there follows exhibits relating 
to lockjaw, pneumonia, and cerebrospinal meningitis. By means of 
charts, photographs, and specimens Museum visitors are shown how 
the bacteria which cause these diseases are grown in Loeffler's blood 
serum; the manner of injecting these organisms into horses; how the 
immunized horses are bled ; steps in obtaining the blood serum ; tests 
for purity with filled syringes ready for administration; and mor- 
tality tables showing the decrease in fatalities from these diseases 
since this discovery. 

That hay fever is the result of pollen irritation is now an accepted 
fact, and the protein sensitization theory has received a great deal 


of consideration. According to this theory, the hay-fever victim 
has the faculty of decomposing pollen into its poisonous and non- 
poisonous constituents, and the poisonous part causes the troublesome 
irritation to the mucous membranes of the eyes and nose. Extracts 
made from pollen are employed for the purpose of immunization and 
creating a tolerance to pollen proteins. The public has manifested 
great interest in the exhibit illustrating the curative and preventive 
methods of treating this disease. Charts show some of the plants 
which cause the disease ; enlarged illustrations of the pollen ; how the 
medicine is administered; the effects of diagnostic tests on patients 
to ascertain whether their trouble is caused by plants maturing in the 
spring or autumn ; and filled syringes of tlie pollen extracts contain- 
ing the protein nitrogen from the pollen of rye, timothy, orchard 
grass, sweet vernal grass, and redtop grass dissolved in physiological 
saline solution for treatment of spring hay fever, and extracts from 
the pollen of ragweed, golden rod, and com for fall hay fever. 

The accession is made up of 15 charts, upon which 175 photo- 
graphs, specimens, etc., have been mounted. Several interesting 
additions will be made to this series. 

The arrangement of medicines by therapeutic effect is the most 
useful to physicians, but standard works (Pharmacopoeias and Dis- 
pensatories) contain an alphabetical arrangement of the articles of 
materia medica, because a physiological classification is a delusive 
guide, due to the fact that some medicines could be properly placed 
in several different classes on account of the variation of their action 
depending on the dose, combination, mode of administration, etc. 
The study collections of the division, which until recently were the 
exhibition series, are arranged botanically, and the therapeutic action 
is usually described on the label by group names, such as emetic, 
expectorant, sialagogue, etc. These descriptive therapeutic terms 
appear on many of the specimens of the exhibition series without 
conveying anything to a person not versed in medicine. So, with a 
view to making the meaning of these terms clear and to point out 
some of the most used representatives of some of the well-known 
classes, an exhibit has been arranged comprising 26 groups. Three 
official medicines have been selected to represent each class depending 
upon the predominant virtue which they manifest and on account of 
which they are most frequently prescribed. The therapeutic groups 
shown with appropriate descriptions and examples are, alteratives, 
antispasmodics, laxatives, carminatives, diaphoretics, emetics, vesi- 
cants, caustics, demulcents, narcotics, cardiac stimulants, cardiac de- 
pressants, diuretics, anodynes, digestants. antiseptics, vermicides, 
astringents, sialagogues, febrifuges, styptics, expectorants, antacids, 
anaesthetics, local anaesthetics, and disinfectants. The Museum is 


indebted to the following companies which have donated the material 
for this exhibit: Powers- Weightman-Rosengarten Co., Philadelphia, 
Pa., 20 specimens of medicinal chemicals ; E. E. Squibb & Sons, New 
York City, 15 pharmaceutical preparations; McKesson & Robbins 
(Inc.), New York City, 11 medicinal substances; Eli Lilly & Co., 
Indianapolis, Ind., 10 pharmaceuticals; Dodge & Olcott Co., New 
York City, 6 medicinal oils; Schieffelin & Co., New York, N. Y., 
6 pharmaceutical products; Parke, Davis Co., Detroit, Mich., 5 
medicinal substances ; Armour & Co., Chicago, 111., 2 animal products. 

The disguising of disagreeable medicines is a problem which has 
long taxed the ingenuity of doctors and pharmacists. With adults 
the task is comparatively -easy, and is accomplished by sneaking the 
medicinal substance past the palate, coated with gelatin, sugar, choco- 
late, etc. But in the case of children it is difficult. By instinct they 
object to disagreeable medicines, and due to the natural inclination 
to disintegrate food, usually hold a pill, capsule, or tablet in the 
mouth until the purpose of the coating is defeated. Dr. Bernard 
Fantus, professor of pharmacology and therapeutics. College of 
Medicine, University of Illinois, has devoted a great deal of attention 
to the matter of candy medication for children, his object being to so 
incorporate medicinal substances in fats and sugars that they may 
be dissolved in the mouth as candy without disagreeable taste or odor 
being detected. Doctor Fantus visited the Museum during the week 
of the meeting of the Pharmacopoeial Convention, at which time 
he consented to furnish material to illustrate this form of medication. 
The specimens donated by him for this purpose consist of 6 colored 
" fat sugars " used as the base in which to incorporate the medicines, 
and 43 specimens attractive to children and free from disagreeable 
odor and taste. 

Many interesting and valuable articles showing the progress and 
development of medicine and pharmacy were received during the 
year. The Whitall Tatum Co., Philadelphia, Pa., donated 14 speci- 
mens consisting of liquid measures, a suppository mold and ma- 
chine, a tablet mold and machine, an emulsifier, prescription sieve, 
and pill tile. Mr. W. deC. Eavenel, United States National Museum, 
contributed an old balance of the type used in drug stores 40 or 50 
years ago. The National College of Pharmacy, Washington, D. C, 
through the dean. Dr. H. E. Kalusowski, presented the Museum with 
a suppository mold made by James Dominic O'Donnell, of Wash- 
ington, D. C, previous to 1873, which is believed to be the first one 
ever used for making suppositories by compression. One of the 
first instruments ever used for throwing a finely divided spray for 
medical purposes, consisting of a rubber bulb 4 inches long, and a 
metal bottle 2 inches long with connecting metal parts, was made by 
Asahel M. Shurtleff, of Codman & Shurtleff, makers of surgical in- 


struments, Boston, Mass., about August 27, 1871. This old atomizer 
was contribu<"ed to the Museum by Mr. Arthur A. Shurtleff, of 

The following material of an historical nature was received by 
gift : From the board of trustees of the United States Pharmacopoeial 
Convention (Inc.), through Dr. E. Fullerton Cook, chairman of the 
revision committee, Philadelphia, Pa., manuscripts, proofs, and docu- 
ments relating to the Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth Revisions of the 
United States Pharmacopoeia; from the United States Pharmaco- 
poeial Convention (Inc.), through Dr. Murray Gait Motter, Wash- 
ington, D. C, one typewritten copy of the Proceedings of the Sev- 
enth, Eighth, and Tenth Decennial Conventions; from Dr. Murray 
Gait Motter, Washington, D. C, four photographs of prominent 
members of the American Pharmaceutical Association; and from 
Mrs. Frances Long Taylor, of Athens, Ga., through Miss Katherine 
Wootten, Washington, D. C, a number of papers and documents 
relating to the life and career of Dr. Crawford W. Long, the first 
to intentionally produce anesthesia by inhalation of sulphuric ether 
for a surgical operation. Mrs. Taylor also loaned Doctor Long's 
medical diplomas and a case of surgical instruments used by him. 

In planning the development of the collections of the division, an 
interesting feature was added, namely, group representations of the 
more important drugs showing the several stages in their production 
from their natural sources. Opium and cinchona were selected to 
be represented in detail, and the work of obtaining the necessarj- 
specimens and photographs was completed during the year. The 
first item of the following material received for these exhibits was 
procured by transfer, and the remainder by gift: Fourteen opium 
products from the Bureau of Internal Revenue, Treasury Depart- 
ment; photographs of poppy cultivation and opium manufacture 
were received from the following : Mr. J. H. Hill, managing director 
of the Ghazipur Opium Factory, Ghazipur, India, through Mr. 
Harold R. Foss, American consul in charge, Calcutta, India; Mr. 
Ernest B. Price, vice consul in charge. Canton, China: Dr. Lewis R. 
Thompson, Shenchowfu, China, through the American consulate, 
Changsha, China; Rev. W. Hartman, Shenchowfu, China, through 
the American consulate, Changsha, China. For the cinchona case 
there were received 10 specimens of Cinchona succirubra bark from 
Dr. M. Kerbosch, director of the Government Cinchona Plantations, 
Tjinjiroean, Java, Dutch East Indies, through Mr. S. W. Zeverijn, 
Amsterdam, Holland. 

New exhibits of animal products were arranged during the course 
of the year, and the following material was obtained for this pur- 
pose: Eli Lilly «& Co., Indianapolis, Ir.^^, donated 6 sheets of colored 
gelatin, 13 specimens of elastic capsules, and 4 specimens of globules; 


9 medicinal substances from the animal kingdom were presented by 
McKesson & Bobbins (Inc.), of New York City; and the H. K. Mul- 
ford Co., Philadelphia, Pa., contributed 4 specimens of antitoxin 
serum and 1 specimen of vaccine virus. 

The " Medicinal Forms " exhibit was enhanced by the addition of 
22 photographs contributed by Parke, Davis & Co. These pictures 
were made especially for the Museum, and illustrate the workings of 
a modern pharmaceutical manufacturing plant. They show the crude 
drugs as received from the market; vacuum driers; percolators for 
extracting soluble medicinal constituents ; how pills, tablets, capsules, 
and suppositories are manufactured, counted, and bottled by machin- 
ery ; how pastes and ointments are placed in collapsible tubes, etc. 

A needlework illustration of enlarged microscopic views of animal 
cells, tissues, and blood crystals was presented to the division by Dr. 
J. S. Foote, professor of pathology. College of Medicine, Creighton 
tJniversity, Omaha, Nebr. On this piece of hemstitched linen the 
tissues, cells, and crystals are embroidered in colored silks represent- 
ing the hematoxylin and eosin stains. The nuclei are in blue, the 
cytoplasm in pink, and the crystals in brown. These cells are ar- 
ranged around a large Purkinje cell of the cerebellimi. The linen has 
a l|-inch frame, and is a very unique and interesting piece of work. 

A plaster bust and a marble medallion of Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, 
the founder of osteopathy, was contributed by Dr. George A. Still, 
surgeon in chief of the American School of Osteopathy Hospital, 
Kirksville, Mo., and are valuable additions to the exhibit which illus- 
trates the history and principles of osteopathy. 

The American Osteopathic Association of Orange, N. J., appointed 
a committee to cooperate with the Museum in obtaining material to 
complete the exhibit relating to this subject, and there has been re- 
ceived for this purpose by gift, through Dr. Norman C. Glover, the 
Washington representative of this committee, a small collection of 
books dealing with osteopathy, photographs, and an unmounted 
human spine. 

Old homeopathic medicine cases were contributed by Dr. Mary 
E. Hanks, Chicago, 111., and Dr. Lynn A. Martin, of Binghamton, 
N. Y., through Dr. W. A. Dewey, of Ann Arbor, Mich. The case 
presented by Doctor Hanks is made in the form of a book, and is 
very interesting. The case donated by Doctor Martin contains two- 
hundredth potencies and was used for many years by Dr. Titus L. 
Brown, a well-known homeopathic physician and instructor. 

The collections in the section of wood technology, were increased 
by a number of accessions of importance. To the office of works 
of the British Government, through Sir Lionel Earle and the Ameri- 
can ambassador to Great Britain, the Museum is indebted for the 
gift of a most interesting piece of oak timber. This is a large sec- 


tion taken from the hammer-beam roof of Westminster Hall, Lon- 
don, England, during recent repairs to this famous building. The 
roof was built under the orders of Richard II, in 1399, and the oak 
used therein must be anywhere from 900 to 1,000 years old, or more. 
The roof beams and timbers of this historic structure were found 
to be so weakened by the attacks of larvae of a boring beetle, Xesto- 
hiwn tessellatuni^ known as the " death watch," that portions of the 
timbers were removed and the roof supported by an invisible steel 
reenforcement. The section of timber presented to the Museum is 
valuable from an historical and entomological standpoint, and in 
addition shows the beauty of the wood itself, the old craftsman's 
work, and the durability of British oak when used in heavy con- 
struction. The Museum also received for exhibition with the speci- 
men photographs and drawings of Westminster Hall and its roof 
structure, which indicate the spot from which the specimen was 
taken, together with a copy of a report by Sir Frank Baines, upon 
the history and repairs to the roof of Westminster Hall and the 
methods undertaken to combat the ravages of the beetle. 

Specimens and photographs of balsa wood, a material weighing 
but little more than half as much as cork, were presented by the 
American Balsa Co. (Inc.), of New York City, These include a 
cross section of the trunk of a young balsa tree, Ochroma lagoj^us, 
a squared piece of balsa timber, and an ice-cream container made of 
this recently developed wood to demonstrate its value as a non- 
conductor of heat. The utilization of the wood of this quick-grow- 
ing tropical American tree has been brought into prominence during 
the last few years. The manufacture of buoyancy and insulation 
products, such as life rafts, refrigerators, and parts of lifeboats and 
airplanes, especially in connection with the war with Germany, has 
become very extensive. Eighty thousand floats made of balsa wood 
were used in constructing the 250-mile submarine mine barrage in 
the North Sea. 

The Muskegon Machine Co., Muskegon, Mich., contributed a series 
of 23 specimens representing the work of an industry that goes hand 
in hand with present-day conservation methods. These, the products 
of the Linderman dovetail glue jointer, are small samples of what 
is being done in the way of building up automobile running boards, 
doors, etc., chair seats, moldings, columns, frames, and countless other 
things from small pieces of wood, much of which has been hitherto 
classed as waste and has been conveyed under the boilers to be used 
as fuel. 

A series of specimens showing steps in the manufacture of willow 
baskets was contributed by Mr. Andrew Kessler, of Washington, 
D. C. Mr. Kessler personally made the baskets and parts by hand 


from selected stock grown by him. This exhibit represents an in- 
dustry that is gaining in importance in the United States, and is 
deserving of more recognition. 

The importance of the closer utilization of wood as a conserva- 
tion measure, and the practicability of laminated wood construction 
in the manufacture of a number of articles subject to severe usage, 
is shown by a series of 23 specimens of built-up airplane wing 
ribs, tenpins, duckpins, and shoe lasts, which were received by trans- 
fer from the Forest Products Laboratory at Madison, Wis. 

A moth-proof cedar chest was presented by the Piedmont Red 
Cedar Chest Co., of Statesville, N. C. This chest, designed and 
built especially for exhibition in the National Museum, is devoid of 
all brass trimmings, save the keyhole plate, and is finished with a 
high wax polish, so that nothing has been added to detract from 
the simple beauty of the wood itself. 

As accessions of imj)ortance other than those mentioned under 
textiles, medicine, and wood technology, there should be mentioned 
the transfer from the States Relations Service of the Department 
of Agriculture, of an exhibit of over 100 examples of canned fruits, 
vegetables, fish, and meats, which has attracted the attention of large 
numbers of visitors. This appetizing array of canned foods was 
put up by children according to the coldpack method, and repre- 
sents a selection from the jars winning prizes in 17 State contests 
between members of boys and girls canning clubs. The 10 best 
jars entered in each State contest were selected by the State club 
leader, and sent to Washington for exhibition in the National 
Museum, as an additional honor to the youthful prize winners. These 
examples of an important work in food conservation, now being 
carried on by children all over the United States, represent a great 
advance in camiing methods, and show that home-put-up foodstuff's 
which can be shipped about from local to State fairs, and across 
the country to Washington, for exhibition under severe conditions 
of light and heat, well deserve the attention they have received in the 
section of foods. 

Fifteen large charts, showing graphically the composition and 
fuel value of important articles of food, were added to the section of 
foods, by transfer from the Department of Agriculture. They serve 
to further explain the models of 100 calorie portions, and the exhibits 
showing the principal classes of foods, which were mentioned in a 
previous report. 

The importance of dehydration as a means of conserving a local 
surplus of fresh foods, and of avoiding many transportation difficul- 
ties, is brought to mind by a series of 22 specimens of dehj^drated 
California fruits and vegetables, contributed by the Caladero Prod- 
ucts Co., Atascadero, Calif. 


A very complete series of specimens illustrating steps in the manu- 
facture and use of the "chank" shell of India, was contributed by 
Dr. Hugh M. Smith, United States Commissioner of Fisheries. This 
shell held in veneration by the Hindus, is collected by divers in the 
Gulf of Manar, off the coast of Travancore and elsewhere in India, 
and has been used from time immemorial for bracelets, armlets, 
charms, etc. 

The Museum's extensive collection of authentic commercial raw 
materials used in American industries was increased by the efforts of 
Mr. A. E. Carlton, American consul at Medan, Sumatra, wdio sent 
through the State Department, eight samples of Hevea rubber, rep- 
resenting all the grades produced and sold in that market, including 
the grades most in demand for making automobile tires. 

Mr. Dan P. Steeples, of Sumner, Wash., presented to the Museum, 
a large sheet of so-called " fungus paper," a wonderfully preserved 
piece of the leathery velvet-like mycelium or absorbing organ of a 
parasitic fungus, Fornes laricis, which is rather common upon Douglas 
fir, larch, pines, and other species of trees in the Northwestern States. 
Several hundred years ago, a similar material, called surgeons' 
fungus, was used as a styptic for stopping bleeding and for binding 
wounds, like a plaster. 


No expeditions or trips of any great importance were made by any 
member of this division during the year. The International Silk 
Show, held at the Grand Central Palace, New York City, February 
7 to 12, 1921, was attended by the curator in response to the invita- 
tion from the management that the National Museum be represented 
officially by exhibits and a member of the staff. Advantage was 
taken of this opportunity for enlisting the cooperation of the most 
important manufacturers of silk fabrics in the extension of the 
Museum's exhibits, resulting in the accession of two valuable groups 
of fabrics and the promise of many others. 

Through "the courtesy of the Hammermill Paper Co., of Erie, Pa., 
the assistant curator, section of wood technology, was enabled to visit 
the plant at Erie from May 11 to 15, 1921, and study under the most 
favorable conditions the manufacture of high-grade sulphite paper. 
As a result of this trip, two separate but closely related series of 
specimens are being prepared for the Museum ; one qualitative, show- 
ing every step in the manufacture of paper from spruce wood; the 
other quantitative, showing the exact amounts of every material re- 
quired to make 100 pounds of bond paper. 


All of the collections under the care of the curator have been care- 
fully inspected for insects, and all perishable material like wools and 


foodstuffs have been fumigated several times. This has meant, how- 
ever, constant vigilance, as we have to fight not only the usual Mu- 
seum pests like the drug-store beetle, Dermestes, and wool and grain 
moths, but recently the cigarette beetle has become a menace and was 
found attacking the tobacco specimens. The old exhibit and dupli- 
cate collections dating back prior to 1895 have been carefully gone 
over, checked in the catalogues, and the specimens past usefulness 
were laid aside for exchange with other institutions and schools or 
for condemnation. The catalogueing of new specimens has been kept 
up to date, and the installation of new material has been made as 
soon after its receipt as was possible. A large part of the time of 
one preparator was given to making gummed-letter case labels for 
the textile exhibits, a large number of group labels for the medicinal 
collections, and labeling the transparencies in the section of wood 
technology, so that the legends may be read by transmitted light. 

The examination and indexing of new textile terms and other 
special information contained in the large number of trade papers 
and periodicals received by the sectional libraries of textiles, woods, 
medicine, and foods has occupied the time of the preparators when 
not engaged in other duties. A set of upward of 2,000 small samples 
of North American woods, which are pieces of the actual wood 
specimens experimented upon by Dr. Charles S. Sargent and his 
assistants in connection with his report on the forest wealth of the 
United States for the Tenth Census, which had long been in storage, 
was gone over carefully by the assistant curator, section of wood 
technology, and matched up with the data published by Dr. Sargent 
in volume 9 of the Tenth Census Report. This very valuable scien- 
tific collection of authentic specimens is thus rendered availa.ble for 
the study and identification of new material. 

In the division of textiles eight new permanent installations and a 
special temporary exhibit were set up during the year. The special 
exhibit of live silkworms was installed in the South Hall during 
June 13-20, 1921. During this period about 300 silkworms of both 
thel Italian and Japanese races reached their maturity and spun 
cocoons. Before the exhibit closed on June 30 moths had emerged 
from most of the cocoons, so that during practically the whole 18 
days the feeding and spinning of the silkworms and the activities 
of the adult moths could be seen. The public was informed of the 
exhibit through notices in the local newspapers, which were copied 
by papers in Baltimore and Philadelphia, and its interest in the 
subject was evidenced by an increased attendance of visitors to the 
Arts and Industries Building of over 1,500 the first week. The 
installations included exhibits of cartridge silks, airplane, and bal- 
loon fabrics, plushes and velvets, tied and dyed textiles, a rearrange- 
ment of the series of early American implements for spinning, reel- 


ing, and winding, and the installation of the historical series of sew- 
ing machines and textile machinery models which were transferred 
from the division of mechanical technology. The series illustrating 
the composition of the human body was brought down from the east 
gallery, where it had been shown for many years in the division of 
medicine, and reinstalled with the food exhibits. The latter were 
regrouped and their appearance very much improved. The new 
material, showing canning and preservation of foods by boys and 
girls, was arranged by States and installed in the large wall case 
in the east south range, where it has attracted a great deal of at- 

Practically one-half of the cases of the exhibition series in the 
division of medicine contain new exhibits which were installed dur- 
ing the year. In all, 15 new exhibits were installed, and two cases 
completely rearranged with the addition of new material. The new 
exhibits have been arranged to show medicines obtained from the 
animal kingdom ; the use of sphagnum m.oss as a substitute for absorb- 
ent cotton ; candy medication for children ; steps in the manufacture 
of glass ampoules; the various forms into which medicines are pre- 
pared for administration ; the manner of obtaining and administering 
serums for the prevention and treatment of diphtheria, lockjaw, 
pneumonia, and meningitis ; the importance of the cinchona tree and 
the poppy plant from a medicinal standpoint; how medicines are 
divided into classes based on their physiological action; the impor- 
tance of gelatin to disguise the taste and odor of unpalatable mxedi- 
cines ; the progress of the development of pharmaceutical equipment ; 
how specimens are examined by means of the microscope, etc. An 
exhibit case devoted to Dr. Crawford W. Long, of Athens, Ga., the 
first surgeon to intentionally produce anesthesia by inhalation of 
sulphuric ether for a surgical operation, containing a number of his 
personal relics and documentary evidence to substantiate his claim, 
was prepared with material presented or loaned to the Musemn by 
his daughter, Mrs. Frances Long Taylor. The Morton case con- 
taining the original apparatus used by Dr. William T. G. Morton 
when he demonstrated the use of sulphuric ether as an anesthetic, 
and personal relics of this famous person, and the marble bust of 
Maj. Walter Eeed, were obtained by transfer from the division of 
history. The bust of Maj. Walter Reed was installed where it prop- 
erly belongs, in the alcove which relates to the history of medicine 
in America. It is here exhibited with pictures of Drs. James Car- 
roll, Jesse W. Lazear, and Aristides Agramonte, other members of 
the commission which proved that yellow fever is transmitted by 
mosquitoes. An important addition to the historical collections is a 
series of eight bromide enlargements of men famous in medicine, 
which includes pictures of the following : Aesculapius, the " God of 


Medicine " ; Hippocrates, " Father of Medicine " ; Galen, a noted 
medical writer, sometimes called the " Father of Pharmacy " ; 
Avicenna, the Arab medical writer, whose teachings were followed 
by myriads of medical practitioners; Paracelsus, the founder of 
chemical pharmacology and therapeutics ; Vesalius, who did much to 
advance the study of anatomy ; Pare, a famous French surgeon ; and 
Edward Jenner, the originator of vaccine therapy, who extirpated 
the loathsome disease smallpox. These pictures have been framed 
and labeled and are hung on the pilasters above the cases on the 
east gallery. 

A special exhibit of all the books in the sectional library on the 
subject of homeopathy was arranged for the benefit of the delegates 
to the annual meeting of the American Institute of Homeopathy, 
which was held in this city from June 19 to 24, 1921, and many of the 
delegates visited the Museum for the purpose of seeing this exhibit 
and the permanent one arranged to illustrate the history and prin- 
ciples of this school of medicine. 

The southeast court containing the wood collections was closed to 
the public from January 20 to March 3, 1921, in order to permit 
the installation of the large colored transparencies and bromide en- 
largements showing forest stands, lumbering methods, and wood 
utilization. Each of the transparencies Avas labeled on the glass with 
black letters, permitting the title to be easily read from the floor, even 
at some distance. A specific title in white letters was put on the 
frame below each of the colored bromide enlargements, and four 
large general labels, one for each set of 12 pictures around the four 
sides of the galler}', were mounted above the frame. Upon opening 
the wood court to visitors two bulletin boards were installed, one on 
either side of the entrance, on which to put items of public interest 
concerning woods and their uses. Other installations include a large 
section of British oak from the roof of Westminster Hall; the ex- 
hibit of handmade willow baskets; an assembling of the California 
redwood material, including the refinishing of a large 6-foot board ; 
and the exhibition of a Piedmont red-cedar chest. 


With the exception of slight fading of certain textile fabrics which 
are affected by the light, and the discoloration of certain food sam- 
ples due to exposure to light and heat, there has been but very little 
deterioration of either the exhibit or study materials. The collec- 
tions in the section of wood technology are also in very good condi- 

The exhibition and study series of the division of medicine are 
in good condition. It was found necessary to renew the preserving 
fluid on the specimens comprising the exhibit of organotherapy. 



For the benefit of the Museum. — As much time as could be spared 
from routine work has been given by the curator and one assistant 
to the preparation of comprehensive technical definitions of textile 
fabrics based upon authentic specimens in the Museum's collections. 
This has meant the careful examination of all available current tex- 
tile literature, as the technical mill and trade terms used in older 
works of reference are often not in accord with those in current use 
in the United States. Considerable progress has been made toward 
the completion of a fabrics glossary based on actual specimens. 

The use of the, MusemrCs coJlectioiis and fcwilities hy visitors and 
correspondents. — Dr. Arno Viehoever and Mr. J. F. Clevenger, of 
the pharmacognosy laboratory of the Bureau of Chemistry, De- 
partment of Agriculture, made frequent use of the study collections 
in the division of medicine for identifying and comparing commer- 
cial drugs submitted to that laboratory under the food and drugs act. 

Dr. H. E. Kalusowski, dean of the college of pharmacy, George 
Washington University, made use of the collections in the study of 
gums and resins. 

Mr. Samuel D. Stevens, North Andover, Mass., made use of the 
collections in a study of the development of hand spinning and 
weaving in colonial times. 

One of the professors of the school of medicine, George Washing- 
ton University, frequently brought his class to the Museum to study 
the exhibits in the section of foods. 

The research director of the trade paper Women's Wear and his 
assistant spent some time studying and sketching the models of 
spinning and knitting machinery in the division of textiles for use in 
the investigation of the history of the knitting industry. 

Numerous visitors made inquiry at the curator's office in search of 
special information suggested by the exhibits, and made particular 
use of the technical books' in the sectional library. The curator 
furnished special information on industrial raw materials and the 
identification of specimens, from time to time during the year to the 
Bureaus of Chemistry and Plant Industry, United States Department 
of Agriculture, and to the New York appraiser's office, Treasury 
Department. The identification of specimens of fibers and fabrics, 
gums, resins, seeds, and woods, and bibliographical compilations on 
various subjects for numerous individuals, both in and out of the 
Government service, has been a regidar part of the work of this 
division. He furnished the identification of the cottons and cotton 
seeds introduced by the Office of Foreign Seed and Plant Introduc- 
tion and Distribution. Department of Agriculture. 
71305°— 21 8 


Several groups of school children from private and public schools 
of Washington and Alexandria, Va., were given talks on the textile 
collections by the curator. He also arranged for lectures and demon- 
strations at the Museum to the classes in home economics and tex- 
tiles at George Washington University and the University of Mary- 

Names of special cooperators. — Special thanks are due to Dr. 
Murray Gait Motter, librarian of the Hygienic Laboratory, Wash- 
ington, D. C. ; to Dr. W. A. Dewey, registrar of the homeopathic 
medical school, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. ; Dr. 
Caswell A. Mayo and Mr. Charles G. Merrell, of Cincinnati, Ohio; 
Dr. J. Norman Taylor, chemist, Fungicide Board, Department of 
Agriculture ; Mr. T. J. Keleher and Dr. Norman C. Glover, of Wash- 
ington, D. C, for their splendid cooperation in arranging for the 
contribution of specimens to the Museum, and for making use of 
every opportunity of presenting the needs of the Museum to persons 
and professional bodies in a position to render assistance. 


Dr. H. E. Howe, of the National Research Council, was furnished 
with small samples of mercerized cotton, wool, flax, silk, and artificial 
silk for investigations with the microscope. 

The Microchemical Laboratory of the Bureau of Chemistry, De- 
partment of Agriculture, was also supplied with fiber specimens for 
microscopical work. 

The firm of Darby & Darby, patent attorneys of New York City, 
was furnished a sample of a silk fabric of special construction for 
use in a patent investigation. 

Mr. M. D. C. Crawford, research editor for Women's Wear, a 
trade publication, was supplied with 11 photographs of historical 
textile machinery for use in a study of the development of certain 
phases of the textile industry. 

At the request of the management of the International Silk Expo- 
sition, held in the Grand Central Palace, New York City, February 
7 to 12, 1921, the Museum loaned to the committee on historic ex- 
hibit's several specimens concerned with the early manufacture and 
use of silk in this country. 


A set of small samples of American woods, representing 18 species, 
were sent as an exchange to the New York State College of Forestry, 
Syracuse, N. Y., at the request of Dr. H. P. Brown, professor of 
wood technology, for use by his graduate students in certain research 


A set of twelve 8 by 10 inch photographs of exhibits in the division 
of medicine were furnished to Mr. Charles G. Merrell, Cincinnati, 
Ohio, and were by him framed and hung in the Lloyd Library of 
Cincinnati, in order to bring the work of the division to the atten- 
tion of the many professional workers in botany, medicine, and 
pharmacy who frequent that library. 

Mr. Merrell was also furnished a photograph of the model of the- 
Birch oil still constructed by the Museum, from which he prepared 
14 lantern slides and presented them to colleges throughout the 
United States for use in lectures in the manufacture of essential 

Armour & Company, Chicago, 111., was furnished with a photo- 
graph of the Museum's exhibit of animal drugs, part of the material 
for wliich was furnished by that company. The photograph was 
reproduced in the Armour Magazine for the information of its 

Several requests were made during the year by visitors and 
correspondents for copies of two labels, one accompanying the series 
illustrating the composition of the human body, and the other classi- 
fying the specimens arranged to show the development of the heal- 
ing arts. All of the requests were granted. 

By Gael W. JMitman, Curator. 

Staff. — In the last annual report it was stated that the goal 
toward which this division was bending its efforts and for which it 
possessed the nucleus was a museum of engineering. Some progress 
has been made toward this end, in that on May 1, 1921, the writer 
was placed in charge of the division of mineral technology and his 
title changed to read " curator, divisions of mineral and mechanical 
technology." In this capacity he will administer the work of all 
strictly engineering units of the department of arts and industries. 
In addition to the advantages to be thus gained in the development 
of these phases of the Museum's activities, the reorganization is ma- 
terially more economical in that the two divisions, which for the past 
10 years have been cared for by a staff in each, will now be adminis- 
tered by the writer aided by two assistant curators, one assigned to 
mineral technology and one to mechanical technology. 

Accessions. — During the time covered by this report there was a 
marked increase in the amount of material received. The total 
number of accessions is 33 as against 13 for the year 1919-20, while 
the number of objects is 162 against 97 for the previous year. 

Of these accessions, 25 were gifts, 4 were loans, 1 a transfer, and 
2 were prepared in the division laboratory. The designation of 
the objects was as follows: 122 to transportation and machinery, 
17 to metrology, 6 to firearms, 6 to communication, and 11 were 
objects of a miscella'neous character. 

In a division covering such a range of subjects as that in me- 
chanical technology, it is difficult to place comparative values upon 
the various accessions, for each one received is of importance in 
the section to which it belongs. Thus in land transportation, the 
Duryea gasoline automobile of 1892-93, presented by Mr. Inglis 
M. Uppercu, New York City, is undoubtedly the accession of greatest 
importance historically. On the other hand, the full-size single- 
cylinder sectioned and hand-operated gasoline engine which visual- 
izes the cycle of operations in the internal-combustion engine as the 
visitor operates it, is by far the most important accession educa- 
tionally. There is not a visitor who, upon seeing this exhibit, does 
not stop before it, operate it, and study it. The exhibit was pre- 



sented by the Willys-Overland Co., Toledo, Ohio, through Mr. John 
N. Willys, president. 

Through the efforts of Mr. E. H. Sithens, Millville, N. J., in pro- 
curing two " ordinary " bicycles, one a " Columbia " and the other a 
" Victor," the collection of bicycles was greatly enhanced, and now 
includes 12 distinct types ranging from about the first introduction in 
1863 to the " new rapid safety," introduced about 1887. Mr. Ransom 
Matthews, Selma, Calif., added to his collection of gasoline engine 
spark plugs loaned to the Museum, which now embraces a total of 150 
different types of plugs. 

The collection being assembled to visualize the development in 
aeronautics was considerably improved by the gift of the experi- 
mental hydroplane model made by Mr. Edson F. Gallaudet in 1898, 
and used by him in the fall of that year in experimental aeronautical 
work on Long Island. The model was presented to the Museum by 
the Gallaudet Aircraft Corporation, East Greenwich, R. I. 

During the year Mr. George W. Spier, of Washington, D. C, 
custodian of watches, donated eight valuable specimens of early time- 
pieces, both of American and European manufacture. They are in- 
corporated in the horological collections which are being arranged to 
illustrate the mechanical developments in this art. In this connec- 
tion, an important watch was donated by John J. and Charles E. 
Bowman, Lancaster, Pa. It is No. 49 of 50 watches made about 40 
years ago by the donors' father, Ezra F. Bowman. One of its most 
interesting features is that it is regulated by timing screws rather 
than the usual type of regulator, so as to avoid the disturbance of its 
isochronal adjustment. The watch is also of a smaller design than 
the customary watch carried in that day and was a pioneer of the 
now established smaller and more convenient watch. The many parts 
used in the construction of several of the models of Hamilton 
watches, all attractive!}^ mounted in a massive framework, was re- 
ceived as a gift of the Hamilton Watch Co., Lancaster, Pa. This ex- 
hibit, placed with a part of the collection of watches on exhibition, 
adds materially to the instructive features of the horological collec- 

Mr. Emile Berliner, Washington, D. C, presented two gramo- 
phones of importance in the developments of the talking machine. 
One is the first commercial type of machine brought out in 1893, and 
the other is an electrically operated machine devised by Mr. Ber- 
liner in 1896. Another valuable educational exhibit received during 
the year was that prepared by the Royal Typewriter Co., New York. 
The exhibit consists of four objects which illustrate the structural 
features of the typewriter generally, with particular reference to the 
Royal. This is done by means of a sectional or skeleton model of 


the typewriter; a model two times enlarged of the type bar action; 
a model two times enlarged of the roller trip escapement; and the 
complete Royal typewriter. 

Activities and condition of collections. — Despite the handicap in- 
curred through the resignation of Miss Bartlett early in the year, re- 
sulting in a reduction of an experienced staff by one third, progress 
was made in connection with the maintenance of the collections. 
The work of reallocating the exhibits begun last year was continued 
satisfactorily, and efforts were successful to a slight degree in procur- 
ing new material to bring the several exhibition units more toward 
completeness. As a result of the rearrangement, a satisfactory 
amount of exhibition space became available, over 75 per cent of 
which was gradually made use of for the installation of valuable 
objects which, because of the crowded conditions existing before, 
were of necessity placed in storage. The preparation, repair, and 
installation of this material consumed fully 50 per cent of the time 
of the preparator and aid, the balance being used in the design and 
construction of new exhibits and the almost endless maintenance of 
the delicate objects comprising the greater majority of the collections. 
Prominent amongst the installations thus made, were the collection of 
bicycles and the collection of rails, both of which collections are 
becoming more and more valuable. Considerable time and work was 
likewise involved for the whole staff in caring for the materials con- 
tinuing in storage. Through tlie assignment of larger offices to the 
division, there became available several basement rooms, which were 
immediately used for the storage of materials assigned to the division 
but heretofore scattered in three separate places. At this time an 
examination of the materials was also made to determine what, if 
any, redisposition could be made, each item being considered sepa- 
rately. As a result, a group of 146 listed objects were transferred 

In furthering the definite program of eliminating all possible 
overlappings of the various Museum activities, there were trans- 
ferred to the division of history 79 objects, all but 2 comprising a 
biographical series relating to Joseph Henry. For this same general 
reason four models of boats were transferred to the division of his- 
tory, their value in history being greater than their value as ex- 
amples of naval architecture. 

In the nature of new work mention may be made of the almost 
complete reconstructioni' of the " Stourbridge Lion " locomotive 
model following research conducted by this office, and the construc- 
tion of a model of the airplane designed by Leonardo da Vinci about 
1490 A. D. The necessary data for this work was obtained chiefly 
from a photostat copy of da Vinci's notes and incomplete sketches. 
Construction of a model of the Hensen aircraft, designed by Hensen 


about 1840, was also undertaken and completed. The work just 
enumerated required the whole time of the preparator when not 
otherwise engaged in the maintenance and preservation of the 

The writer's activities during the year when not required by the 
general administrative work and supervision of staff, centered in 
the composing of descriptive labels to accompany exhibits. Approxi- 
mately 300 labels were prepared and submitted for final printing. 
The writer prepared also a descriptive catalogue of the mechanical 
engineering collection, which is now in press and will be issued as a 
Museum bulletin. The catalogue is confined entirely to motors, 
locomotives, and objects dealing with the developments in transpor- 
tation, and does not include metrology and horology. These latter 
subjects, it is expected, will be the basis of a second volume of the 
mechanical collections, to be prepared at some future date. A be- 
ginning was made, too. in the preparation of a descriptive catalogue 
of the collections devoted to naval architecture, and it is a satisfaction 
to report that about one-fourth of the manuscript has been prepared 
at this writing. 

Considering the scope of the activities of this division, therefore, 
and the small staff engaged, the condition of the collections is very 
satisfactory, but maintained with difficulty. 

Special investigations. — No special investigations were conducted 
upon the materials in the division other than those which were re- 
quired in the constructive development of the collections. Prior to 
the actual construction of the models visualizing the developments in 
aircraft, Mr. Garber was closely engaged in study so as to obtain the 
most authentic data available on these subjects. The results of this 
Study are shown in the models on exhibition and described earlier in 
this report. In original work such as this there is, of course, the 
possibility of error in interpretation, so that the division welcomes 
any constructive criticism. 

Inquiries relative to watches, clocks, locomotives, ships, firearms, 
electricity, and to many other subjects were answered, the effort be- 
ing made to not only answer the direct inquiry, but to enlarge upon 
it, giving all information which might prove useful. 

The shortage of watchmakers and scientific instrument makers 
throughout the country to-day has been the subject of earnest con- 
sideration by those particularly involved. Through the efforts of 
Mr. Spier, honorary custodian of watches, the National Research 
Council was made conversant with the situation, as a result of which 
representatives of the watchmaking industry and the watchmaking 
schools were invited to attend a conference under the auspices of the 
council to discuss the question and devise means of remedying it. 
This conference was held in Washington May 19 and 20, and 


as a result, there was formed tentatively the Horological Institute 
of America, whose chief purpose is to bring about the unification of 
the schools of watchmaking throughout the country and to increase 
the capacity and standard of instruction so that there may be de- 
veloped a wholly American industry. At this conference the writer 
spoke of the Museum's educational work and was assured of the co- 
operation of those present in the horological work being conducted. 
In this connection, and as an added feature for the people attending 
the conference, the Hamilton Watch Co. loaned to the Museum for 
a period of two months a working model, enlarged six diameters, of 
their standard 23 jewel watch movement. The exhibit is still on 
exhibition at this writing and is viewed with great interest by the 
daily visitors to the Museum. In the organization of the Horolog- 
ical Institute, too, Mr. Spier was elected chairman of the organiza- 
tion committee and the writer appointed as a member of the advisory 

By Carl W. Mitman, Curator. 

Staff. — For 18 months after the resignation of Mr. C. C. Gilbert 
and Dr. Joseph E, Pogue, curators, efforts were made to secure a 
competent staff, but without success. On May 1, 1921, and in order 
to prevent the continuation of this condition of affairs, the writer 
was appointed to take charge of this as well as the division of 
mechanical technology, inasmuch as he formerly was connected with 
the division, first as aid and later as assistant curator, and is there- 
fore experienced in the work. 

With this arrangement Miss Ruth Sherwood, stenographer and 
typist of the division of mechanical technology, assumed similar 
duties for the division of mineral technology, taking charge of the 
files, catalogues, etc., for both divisions; while Mr. Haney, preparator 
for the division since its organization, and who has admirably main- 
tained the collections during the period of the division's inactivity, 
continues in this same capacity. 

Accessions, — Although lacking in organization, the division made 
some progress, but only in the obtaining of a few accesions — consid- 
erably more than during the preceding year. Last year one acces- 
sion, comprising one object — the working model of a salt works — and 
626 specimens belonging to an earlier accession were received, while 
this year four accessions, comprising 466 specimens, were recorded. 
Of these accessions one is a gift, one a deposit, and two are transfers. 

The most important of these accessions is that of the American 
chemical exhibit deposited by the National Research Council, Wash- 
ington, D. C. The central feature of the exhibit is a model repre- 
senting an idealized group of chemical industries such as are required 
in the production of dyes, war gases, pharmaceuticals, and explo- 
sives. The model plants which produce the crude chemicals, namely, 
sulphur wells, a coal mine and by-product coke plant, a fixed nitrogen 
plant, and salt wells are located at the outer portion of the model, 
while the plants for the production of intermediates and finished 
products are in the center toward the front. Radiating from the in- 
termediate plant are four smaller plants; one for the production of 
explosives, another for pharmaceuticals and medicinals, the third for 
making war gases, and the fourth for the production of dyes. To 
these there might be added synthetic flavors, perfumes, food colors, 

synthetic resins, and the like. 
^ ' 121 


In addition to the model there are charts showing some of the inter- 
mediates and finished products obtained from each of the four crude 
chemical materials — sulphur, salt, coal, and atmospheric nitrogen. 
On these charts actual samples of the chemical substances are attached. 

Other features of the exhibit are a collection of American dyes, 
war gases, explosives, pharmaceuticals, synthetic flavors, food colors, 
and perfumes, all derived from coal intermediates, and models to 
show the molecular structure of these chemicals. 

The Bausch & Lomb Optical Co., Rochester, N. Y,, presented eight 
specimens of optical glass. These are valuable as indicative of the 
wholly American optical-glass industry which was developed during 
and since the World War. 

Upon request of the Georgetown University School of Foreign 
Service a few specimens of mineral commodities such as Chile 
nitrate, manganese ore, copper ore and copper, raw tin, etc., were 
supplied for illustrative purposes in the classroom. 

The prime object in view for the division since its inception was 
to obtain latitude in depicting the mineral industrial operations and 
their social bearing. But to have concentrated on any one project 
until complete, with the facilities at hand, would have been to 
narrow down the scope of instruction afforded for years ahead. 
It seemed best, therefore, to make the exhibits cover the fields of 
metals and noimietals inclusively, even though sketchily to begin 
with. Thus the activities were gradually widened so that the total 
number of industries represented at this writing is 22, or about 
one-half of the important types of mineral occurrences. None is 
complete; some depict only the industrial processes; some show 
only the stages from native occurrences to finished product; and 
few deal with the economic aspects, the most difficult and at the 
same time the most important phase of the undertaking. All need 
a thoroughgoing attention to arrangement and labeling. In other 
words, the exhibits already assembled need amplifying, and addi- 
tional exhibits are to be obtained. 

By R. P. ToLMAN, Assistant Curator. 

On July 1, 1920, this division was transferred from the depart- 
ment of anthropology to the department of arts and industries, and 
Mr. R. P. Tolman jilaced in charge, with title of assistant curator. 

Plans were formulated for complete rearrangement of the series 
in a logical sequence so as to bring both historical and technical 
material of a kind together in a chronological order. This plan 
has been carried out only in a small part, but it promises to be a 
great improvement and will be followed carefully and should be 
comj^leted in the next fiscal year. 

The year has been devoted largely to preparation of card cata- 
logues in both the division of graphic arts and the section of photog- 
raphy and with the collection of material for the completion of the 
exhibition series. A number of gaps in the exhibition series have 
been filled. As an illustration, the exhibit of handmade paper and 
watermarks is one of a series showing the materials used in graphic 
arts. Printing ink has been installed for several years. An ex- 
hibit showing the steps in designing and making of type is the 
next in the series, and Dard Hunter has promised to send the Museum 
the materials, tools, etc., used by him for cutting the punches, cast- 
ing the type, etc., for the two books made entirely by him. This 
will show the hand methods of early times. An exhibit showing 
modern methods is being planned. 

The definite scientific value of an accession is hard to determine 
with such varying material as was received this year. The following 
deserve to be mentioned : 

The exhibit of handmade paper and watermarking of handmade 
paper consists of 90 specimens beginning with the rags from which 
the paper is made, photographs of machines used to beat the rags, 
four sizes of hand molds, on which the paper is made showing the 
various kinds of watermarks, the ordinary wire marks, and the beau- 
tiful light and shade watermarks with method of hoAv the mold is 
wired or embossed, together with photographs showing the interior 
of a French handmade paper mill, and the model of the paper mill 
in the Science Museum, London. Samples of laid paper made about 
1480, 1570, 1660, and 1V80 with attention called to the differences in 
the paper of various dates, especially noticeable in the even texture 



of the 1780 example. Also an early sample of wove paper, which 
was invented by John Baskerville in 1750, and an example of light 
and shade watermark made by Mr. W. H. Smith, the inventor of 
the process, about 1850, as well as other fine and beautiful water- 
marks. The whole exhibit was assembled and labeled by Mr. Dard 
Hunter, of Chillicothe, Ohio, who is an authority on handmade paper, 
both as a writer and a manufacturer. One of the many labels may 
be of general interest, as it gives a brief history of paper. 


221-210 B. C— Paper was made in China from silk refuse. The oldest mold 

covering was made of strips of bamboo, bound together by 

filaments of vegetable fiber. 
105 A. D Paper made from rags and plant fibers first made in China by 

Ts'ai Lun. 

Unknown Date of invention of wire screen unknown. 

12th century--. Paper made in Europe by the Moors. First mention of rag 

paper occurs in the tract of Peter, Abbot of Cluny (1122-1150). 

1270 First watermarked design. 

1494 First English paper mill was established at Hertford by John 

1690 First American paper mill operated by William Rittenhouse at 

Rosborough, near Philadelphia. 

1750 Wove paper invented by John Baskerville. 

1798 First paper-making machine invented by Louis Robert, a 

Frenchman. Introduced into England by Henry Fourdriner, 

who perfected the process. 

1819 First colored watermarks. 

1849 Light and shade watermarks invented in England by Mr. 

W. H. Smith. 

Mr. Dard Hunter has also made a second valuable contribution to 
the division of two books in unbound condition which he made from 
beginning to end. They are The Etching of Figures, by William 
Aspinwall Bradley, and The Etching of Contemporary Life, by 
Frank Weitenkampf, curator of the print department. New York 
Public Library. Both of these books were published by The Chicago 
Society of Etchers for their associate members, limited to 250 and 275 
copies respectively, and accompanied by an etching by an active mem- 
ber of the society. To quote from the introduction in The Etching 
of Figures, by Mr. Bradley : 

This publication is the entire work of Dard Hunter, Marlborough-on-Hudson, 
The paper was made by him especially for this book, each sheet separately in a 
hand mold. The steel punches for the type were cut by him, the matrices struck, 
and the type cast in a hand mold. The printing was done on a hand press. 
These methods are practically the same as those used by printers at the time 
of Albrecht Durer. 

In an exhaustive study of paper making and typography Mr. Hunter has never 
seen mention of a book produced in which paper, type, and printing were the 
work of one man as they are in the present volume. 


Mr. Rudolph Ruzicka, the well-known wood engraver of New 
York, promised the division some time ago an exhibit of his work, 
and this year the Carteret Book Club, of Newark, presented a set 
of four blocks and five proofs in color through Mr. Ruzicka. These 
are especially interesting because the blocks were designed, engraved, 
and printed by him for the Carteret Book Club, of Newark, and show 
the fine results of modern methods. 

Among the prints received this year were about 300 from the 
wood blocks of Thomas Bewick from Earle W. Huckel, of Phila- 
delphia, a former aid in the division. These are of especial interest, 
as only a few original prints were owned by the division. Nine hun- 
dred and ninety-nine specimens were received from Mr. Huckel and 
need careful study before further comment can be made upon their 

Beautiful examples of the art of printing type, designs, and half- 
tone engraving were the gift of the firm of Norman T. A. Munder 
Co., of Baltimore. 

The Rembrandt Intaglio Printing Co., of Lancaster, England, 
was the first to use rotary intaglio photogravure, a process developed 
for it by Karl Klic, of Vienna. Historical examples dating 1894, 
1896, and 1897 are among the specimens received, the 1894 example 
being one of the first successful examples ever made. The specimens 
in color are very beautiful. This method is now used extensively. 
Entire newspapers are printed by this method and the " rotogra- 
vure " section of the Sunday papers show the fine results which are 
obtained on cheap paper. 

Mr. Benjamin C. Brown, of Pasadena, Calif., president of the 
Print Makers Society of California, contributed six examples of his 
work in soft ground etching, together with a written description 
of his methods of work, which contains new information on the 
subject. Five of Mr. Brown's soft ground etchings are printed in 
color, and not only fill a gap in the collection but are as well fine 
examples of the art. 

This method gives a sketchy and artistic effect. A metal plate is 
covered with a soft sticky ground, over which it stretched a thin 
sheet of rough paper, and on this the drawing is made with lead 
pencil. Where the pencil marks appear on the paper, it sticks to 
the ground, so that when the paper is pulled off the ground comes up 
with it, leaving the metal exposed wherever the pencil has touched 
the paper. The plate is then etched in the usual way. 

The American Museum of Natural History, New York City, is for- 
tunate in possessing 50 of what are undoubtedly the first font of 
metal type ever cast. They were made by the Korean Government 
Printing Office in 1403. The American Museum presented facsimiles 
in type metal of the brass originals to the United States National 


Museum. The originals were made about 50 years earlier than mov- 
able type are said to have been made in Europe. The type are con- 
cave underneath and irregular in thickness, but this was of no con- 
sequence. They were set up in wax and all pressed down, so that the 
printing surface was level. 

Clay types were invented in China by a smith named Pi Shing, 
between 1041-1049. He engraved a type in a very fine plastic clay 
and burned it. He had no successor, and after his death the Chinese 
returned to their ancient methods of using engraved blocks of wood, 
which process is said to date back to 581 A. D. 

Electrotyping is a method used in graphic arts to duplicate print- 
ing plates. Where large editions are wanted several plates are neces- 
sary and duplicate plates may be made at very small cost, in com- 
parison to the original engraved plate. The claim is made that the 
metal deposit is harder in proportion to the hardness of the material 
on which it is deposited, and therefore the electrotype deposit made 
on lead is harder and tougher than that made on wax, so that larger 
editions can be printed from lead-molded electrotypes. 

The Royal Electrotype Co., of Philadelphia, furnished an exhibit 
showing the process of manufacture of lead-molding electrotypes 
from a halftone- and- type original through the various steps to 
the finished electrotype ; and also had it carried through the McKee 
treatment which process puts the overlay and underlay in the plate 

At the present time a large percentage of the electrotype plates 
are called "nickel-steel." This name is a misnomer because only 
nickel and copper are used. A thin sheet of nickel three one-thou- 
sandths of an inch in thickness is deposited first, then a thick layer 
of copper. The smooth nickel surface prints with very little wear. 

The electrotype exhibit now consists of wax molding, lead molding, 
and the McKee treatment of electrotype plate. 

Mr. Karl Arvidson and Mr. Charles Furth of the Photogravure 
& Color Co., contributed several hundred specimens of photogelatine 
and photogravure work extending over a period of 30 or 40 years, 
with fine examples of the work they are doing at present in photo- 
gravure, both in color and black and white. 

The Ketterlinus Lithographic Manufacturing Co., of Philadelphia, 
gave 10 specimens of their work in lithographic color printing, which 
presents an excellent idea of the results obtained by lithographic 

The three states of the etched plate Shoveller Drake, by Frank W. 
Benson, of Salem, Mass., the well-known artist, together with the 
original plate in its " destroyed " condition, show the methods used 
by the artist in carrying the plate from the first state to the finished 


published one. This is especially evident from the careful study of 
the plate itself. The expression " plate destroyed " does not mean 
that the plate has been actually destroyed but that the plate is dis- 
figured so that print-s from it have no artistic or commercial value. 
It also insures the commercial value of the published prints. 

Mr. Walter Tittle, of New York, has contributed two of his fine 
dry-point etchings of President Harding, taken from life. The divi- 
sion needs more contemporary work of the artists. 

The specimens contributed by Mr. Howard Levy, of Philadelphia, 
are the work of the Overton Engraving Co., and show how the open- 
ing in the diaphragm of the camera affects the form of the halftone 
dot in the finished product. The effect is truly remarkable. 

Examples of two-color printing on both sides of the paper and 
four-color printing on one side only were received from the Curtis 
Publishing Co., of Philadelphia ; the paper going through the press 
but once. By this method of wet printing a different effect from dry 
printing is obtained. The ink being wet mixes and mellows, giving 
good results, but with not quite the brilliance of dry printing. 

Max Levy presented an etched master screen, 150 lines to the inch, 
for rotary intaglio photogravure. From this master screen photo- 
graphic copies are made on glass or film, and such copies are used for 
photo printing on carbon tissue. 

Mr. Paul Brockett contributed a three-color print, 133 lines to the 
inch is shown, and the same picture printed seven lines to the inch. 
It is the work of the Trichromatic Engraving Co., and shows clearly 
the formation of the halftone dot in color work. 

Nearly all the accessions received this year deserve comment, each 
one having particular qualities which are of interest. 

The total number of specimens received was 1,963, about four times 
as many as last year, making a total of 15,983 in the division June 
30, 1921. These figures do not take into account the photographic 
collections in the section of photography. Mr. A. J. Olmsted, custo- 
dian of that section, makes the following report as to the collections 
under his charge. 


On July 1, 1920, the section of photography, as a part of the 
di\'ision of graphic arts, was transferred from anthropology to 
the department of arts and industries. Only one accession had been 
received since the death of Mr. Thomas W. Smillie, in 1917, to 
whom the Museum owes a great debt for his untiring efforts, knowl- 
edge, and foresight in collecting the historical material now in the 
section of photography. It would be practically impossible at this 
time to duplicate it. Mr. Smillie began collecting as early as 1886, 
and even then realized that the historical specimens were fast dis- 

71305°— 21-— 9 


Efforts were made to continue along the general lines which Mr. 
Smillie had followed, and 22 accessions consisting of 333 specimens 
were received. They were of both scientific and historical value, 
as most of them were new; to the section. 

The NeAv York World, of New York City, presented a print from 
the first negative made in the United States by the Belin methood 
of sending illustrations by wire. The picture was the portrait of 
an old Indian, and was sent b}^ the St. Louis Post Dispatch to the 
New York World on November 14, 1920. It is an interesting and 
timely exhibit. Photographs had been transmitted in Europe a 
short time previously by this method. 

The New York Universitv furnished a bromide enlargement of 
the first daguerreotype portrait ever made, dating 1839 or 1840. It 
was of Prof. John W. Draper's sister Dorothy, who posed in the 
bright sunshine, her face heavily powdered, for an exposure of about 
four minutes. 

Specimens of the McDonough color process were secured from Mr. 
A. J. McCxregor, Chicago, 111. There are very few specimens of this 
process in existence and the Museum is most fortunate to have these 
in its collection. 

The War Department jDrinted and deposited over 100 photographs 
from the original negatives made by Brady of the Civil War, and 
also sent a collection of large toned bromide prints representing 
scenes in the Great World War, which have been placed on exhibi- 
tion. These prints show, not only the comparative methods of war- 
fare of 1865 and 1918, but also differences in photographic results. 

The most recent development in motion-picture cameras is repre- 
sented b}^ a Jenkins model of a high-speed camera that will make 
30,000 exposures a minute — these results are necessary in the study 
of analysis of motion. Strange as it may seem, Muybridge, who is 
known as the grandfather of motion pictures, began his work in an 
effort to study the motion of animals. To-day the highest develop- 
ment of motion pictures is the analysis of motion — studying the 
motion of projectiles and airplane propeller blades, etc. 

The Canadian Government, Dominion Park Branch, sent a reel of 
motion-picture film picturing Trumpeter Swans, an almost extinct 
bird — and for this reason the film is valuable and will be increasingly 
so as the years go by. 

Several prints by processes that were not represented in the col- 
lection have been received: a bromoil of Andrew Carnegie from 
Harris & Ewing, from Mr. Edward Crosby Doughty an enlarge- 
ment on Japanese tissue, and Mr. Charles E. Fairman furnished 
some very attractive gum prints. 

One thousand three hundred and seventy-one printed plates and 
apparatus of the Muybridge collection were catalogued this year, 


thereby bringing the work up to date and making it possible to 
catalogue the accessions as received in the future. This was a large 
amount of work and took several months to accomplish it. The 
completion of the card catalogue almost marks an epoch in the records 
of the collection. Up to this year the card catalogue consisted of 
three separate sj'stems, from which no totals could be obtained. The 
numbers now run in an unbroken series, the last entry being 3388, 
and a cross- reference is partially completed. 

The wall cases on the south side of the court were cleaned and 
material in them stored. This space was used for the Bradj^ Civil 
War and Signal Corps' photographs of the Great World War. This 
collection of pictures complements the war collections made by the 
Museum and attracts much attention from visitors. 

The series of partly finished lenses furnished by Bausch & Lomb 
Optical Co. makes a fine new exhibit and will be of interest to those 
who wish to learn how a fine anastigmat lens is made. There are 
many and various processes of fine workmanship which enter into 
their manufacture. 

In order to place new and timely exhibits, old ones must be taken 
down. This crowded condition and lack of space somewhat inter- 
feres with the growth of the collection and the desire to secure new 
material. Mr. G. S. Williams, of Washington, is a friend of the 
collection. In the past he has secured many exhibits and always 
has the advancement of the collection in mind. Likewise Mr. George 
Harris, of Harris & Ewing, sends material of Museum interest, that 
comes to him in the course of business. 

Mr. C. L. Lewis, Toledo, Ohio, past president of the Photogra- 
phers' Association of America, often visits the collection when in 
Washington, and was instrumental in securing the transparency and 
lantern slide of the McDonough color process received during the 
year. The collections of the section are unique. The Photogra- 
phers' Association of America has appointed a committee to form 
a similar collection, to be at Winona Lake, Ind., where they aim 
to establish a school of photography, endowed by the association. 
The formation of another collection will make competition for new 
material, and funds should be provided so the section of photography 
can purchase rare specimens when they come on the market. 

Plans for the coming year are a continuance of those formulated 
last year. A section devoted to the history of color photography . 
and motion pictures is in course of development. Efforts will be 
made to secure recent pictorial photographs from America's leading 
pictorial workers. 

By T. T. Belote, Curator. 


During the past fiscal year the organization of the division of 
history has undergone an important change. On July 1, 1920, the 
division which had been a branch of the department of anthropology 
since its organization in 1881, was given an independent status as a 
separate and distinct branch of the Museum's activities. This action 
was the logical result of the tremendous development of the historical 
collections, particularly during the more recent period of their exist- 
ence, a development which rendered their efficient and economic admin- 
istration except as an independent unit a very difficult matter. The 
change was desirable, however, not only from the standpoint of ef- 
ficiency and economy but from the scientific point of view as well, 
in that the historical collections in the Museum represent classes of 
materials of an unique character. They are of special interest and 
value to the public and to the student of history on account of their 
exceptional patriotic and educational significance in connection with 
the national development of the United States. Illustrating pri- 
marily military and naval history, they represent also many other 
phases of American achievements and contributions to world prog- 
ress along social, political, technical, and scientific lines. 

The establishment of the division upon an independent basis, and 
the addition to the staff of an aid in connection with the war collec- 
tions has greatly increased the facilities of the division for systematic 
historical museum work. The separation of the historical from the 
anthropological collections permits their future development along 
strictly historical lines, and at the same time eliminates a great vol- 
ume of work of routine character which was necessary under the 
former arrangement. 


The number of specimens received during the past fiscal year is 
much smaller than the number received during the previous year. 
This is explained by the fact that the number received during the 
fiscal year 1919-20 was uncommonly large, owing to the acquirement 
by the Museum of an immense amount of military and naval ma- 



terial relating to the war with Germany. Even so the additions dur- 
ing the past year are sufficiently large to materially increase the matter 
on hand and to indicate that the collections will continue to expand 
in a normal and satisfactory manner. The 7,144 specimens received 
cover a wide range as regards their character, and represent very 
evenly the various fields and sections of the historical activities of 
the Museum. 


The extent and importance of the materials added to the historical 
collections during the past fiscal year can only be made clear after 
a brief reference to the various classes into which these materials are 
divided in accordance with the present scheme of the activities of the 

The historical collections are at present divided under two gen- 
eral heads, one including the material relating to the recent World 
War; the other, known at present as the original historical collec- 
tions, includes much material relating to United States history prior 
to and subsequent to that period. The collections relating to the 
World War are further divided into the following classes of ma- 
terial: Commemorative, foreign, military, naval, numismatic, and 
pictorial. The original collections are divided into the following 
classes of matter: Antiquarian, biographical, costume, military, 
naval, numismatic, philatelic, and pictorial. 

Thus it may be noted that the division of history seeks to illustrate 
the national development of the United States by an accumulation 
of museum material belonging to the classes stated above, which 
when associated together and exhibited in contiguous territory will 
present a graphic story of the most notable phases of American his- 
tory. Each of the classes of materials mentioned above has a specific 
duty to perform in this connection, and all unite to form a vast reser- 
voir of objects for the graphic presentation in museum form of the 
annals of the United States from the colonial period down to most 
recent times. 


The additions to this section of the historical collections have not 
been so large as during the previous fiscal year when they attained to 
gigantic proportions. They have nevertheless been notable both in 
size and interest. 

Most notable have been the contributions made by the Navy De- 
partment. The exhibit of this Department in the rotunda of the 
Natural History Building and in the Aircraft Building now includes 
among other objects the following of special note. In the latter loca- 
tion are shown two naval aircraft of the latest design, a flying boat 


F-6-L^ and an aeromarine 39-B seaplane. The first of these is sec- 
tionalized to show the process of manufacture and forms one of the 
most interesting objects in the entire war collection. Planes of this 
type were used for patrol and convoy duty in the war zone during 
the great conflict. Their wing spread is 103 feet 10 inches, length 
over all 49 feet 4 inches, gasoline capacity 495 gallons, speed 100 
miles an hour, horsepower 800, and weight with field load 13,000 
pounds. They are equipped with radio, four 230-pound bombs, 10 
Lewis guns, and 1 Davis nonrecoil gun. They carry a crew of five 
including two pilots, a radio operator, a bomber, and a mechanician. 
Power is derived from two Liberty motors and the possible cruising 
radius is about eight hours. This splendid plane with its hugh bulk 
and massive wings suggesting a fabled marine bird of prehistoric 
times, its powerful motive engine, its gasoline tanks, its delicate and 
complicated apparatus for purposes of navigation and communica- 
tion, and, finally, its bombs for offensive, and its guns for defensive 
j^urposes may well be taken as a suitable illustration of the wonder- 
ful use by the Navy Department of this latest and most effective 
enemy of the submarine and protector of friendly shipping. This 
exhibit is made even more graphic and effective by the installation 
of four model figures representing as many members of the crew at 
their respective stations with flying suits and equipment as actually 
used in time of war. The second plane deposited by the Navy De- 
partment is a much smaller scout plane, known as an aeromarine 
39-B. This plane is equipped with a Curtiss 100-horsepower engine 
capable of making 1,400 revolutions a minute with a speed of 68 
miles an hour. The upper wing of this plane is 47 feet in width, the 
lower 36 feet, the length over all 30 feet, and the height 13 feet. 

In the rotunda of the Natural History Building are a number of 
very interesting models showing the t^^pes of vessels used by the 
Navy in the war zone, including the torpedo-boat destroyer Manley^ 
which did patrol duty and chased enemy submarines from December 
26, 1917, to November 11, 1918; a submarine chaser, 441 of which 
were built during the war and 121 performed efficient service on the 
coast of France and in the Mediterranean; an Eagle boat designed 
especially to chase enemy submarines, but none of which were fin- 
ished in time to take part in the war; a submarine of late model; the 
converted yacht Corsair representing a type of converted yacht used 
as an auxiliary A^ery successfully during the war; and a mine sweeper 
designed especially to remove loaded mines from the paths of other 
ships. Thirty-six of the latter were sent to Europe after the armis- 
tice was signed for duty in connection with the removal of the 
North Sea barrage. 

Of great interest in connection with these models are a number of 
marine instruments of the most recent type used on naval vessels for 


various purposes, including a magnetic compass, a master gyroscopic 
compass, a chronometer, a sextant, a pelorus, a patent log, a sound- 
ing machine, a hand lead, a stadimeter, and an aneroid barometer. 
These illustrate in an excellent manner the character of the delicate 
and complex machinery by means of which the modem ships of war 
are managed. 

The exhibit of the Navy Department also contains a number of 
typical pieces of ordnance of the type used during the war, as the 
6-inch gun from which was fired the first American shot during the 
war, and the primer which fired the last shot on November 11, 1918, 
at 10 o'clock 57 minutes 30 seconds, and examples of regular types 
of naval guns, as a 1-pounder rapid-fire gun on a boat cage stand 
mount used on the bows of boats when employed in landing armed 
detachments or on harbor patrol ; a 3-inch Davis nonrecoil 13-pounder 
gun used on small patrol vessels having decks too light to stand the 
shock of recoil of the usual type of guns; a 3-inch 50-caliber anti- 
aircraft gun ; and a Y gun or depth-charge projector used to attack 
submarines. Of particular interest in this connection are unique 
models, complete in every detail, of the long-range naval guns on 
tractor and railroad mounts used in France during the war, includ- 
ing the 7-inch naval tractor and the 14-inch naval railway batteries, 
marks 1 and 2. In connection with these guns are a number of fire- 
control instruments, including a bore-sight telescope, a gun-sight 
telescope, a gun-sight check telescope, a short-base range finder, and 
a turret periscope. Other ordnance materials of note are projectiles 
of the type used by the Navy during the war — a number of aircraft 
bombs ; 12, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, inch shells ; 6, 3, and 1 pounder gun pro- 
jectiles; and a number of torpedoes and torpedo tubes. 

Of special interest are a number of pieces of the delicate yet power- 
ful signaling apparatus used during the war on naval airplanes and 
ships. These include a radio-telephone set, a radio compass, and 
specimens of receiving and transmitting vacuum tubes. A very strik- 
ing exhibit in this connection is a set of hydrophones for the detec- 
tion of the proximity of submarines, mounted on a model of a ship's 

The Navy Department has also deposited a number of pieces of 
captured German naval material. The most interesting of these 
are the engines of a German submarine, complete in every detail, 
a torpedo, and seven naval-gun shells. 

As may be noted from the foregoing summary, the exhibit already 
deposited by the Navy Department relating to the great war is most 
striking and presents in a graphic manner the leading features of 
the work of that branch of the service during the great conflict. 
This exhibit is constantly receiving additions of note and will un- 


doubtedly in time become one of the most notable collections of such 
materials in existence. 

Of important additions to the numismatic section of the war col- 
lection are replicas of the victory medal with the buttons and ribbons 
pertaining thereto, received from the War Department, Quarter- 
master Corps. From the same source were received copies of the 
certificates issued by the War Department to those wounded in the 
service during the war and to the next of kin in the case of those 
who were killed. Replicas of the naval medals issued for special 
services during the war, including the medal of honor, distinguished 
service cross, and distinguished service medal were purchased. From 
the Italian Government, through the State Department, were re- 
ceived two bronze replicas set in marble of the obverse and reverse 
of the gold medal of honor presented by the Italian National Com- 
mittee founded for that purpose to King Victor Emmanuel III as 
commander in chief of the army and navy as a national testimonial 
of the deeds of heroism and sacrifice performed by the Italian people 
during the World War. Of special interest among other medals 
added to the collection during the past year are replicas of the medal 
commemorating the achievements of the American Red Cross War 
Council, 1917-1919, received from the American Numismatic Society; 
of the medal awarded in 1919 by Williams College to Williams men 
who served in the Army or the Navy of the United States or of any 
of the Allies during the war, from Williams College ; of the medal 
by A. Bonnetain, commemorating the services of Marie Dupage and 
Edith Cavell, from Mrs. E. H. Harriman. 

An interesting series of European commemorative medals of the 
war was also added to the collection. These include portrait medals 
of President Wilson, General Pershing, Premier Clemenceau, and 
Marshal Foch. Of special interest in connection with the work of 
American patriotic societies during the war are a rei^lica of the 
World War service insignia and a copy of the certificate for civilian 
service issued by the General Society of Colonial Wars to members 
of the society in recognition of patriotic service rendered to the 
United States during the war. These were presented to the Museum 
by the society. 

The pictorial material relating to the war has been increased by 
a number of specimens, the most important being two large paint- 
ings by Arthur M. Hazard of Boston, Mass., entitled "Not by 
Might" and "The Spirit of the Armistice." These two works typify 
the noble and unselfish achievements of the American soldiers and 
sailors in a spirited and striking manner. They were used in the 
United States during the fourth and fifth Liberty loan drives, and 
also in Canada during the Victory loan drive of that Dominion. 


They have been presented to the Museum by the Woman's Liberty 
Loan Committee of New England. 

The collection of uniforms of the type worn by American women 
during the war, which is being assembled in the Museum by the 
National Society of the Colonial Dames of America, has been in- 
creased by representatives of the following organizations : 

Chief yeoman (F), United States Naval Reserve Force; yeoman 
(F) winter uniform; yeoman (F) summer uniform; National League 
for Women's Service, first lieutenant, Junior Corps; League of 
Catholic Women, canteen service; Woman's Land Army of Hamil- 
ton County, Ohio, under auspices of Cincinnati Garden Club; Na- 
tional Land Army of Ohio, canteen uniform ; War Camp Com- 
munity Service; contract surgeon. United States Army; Salvation 
Army; United States Army nurse; American Fund for French 
Wounded; Knights of Columbus; Emergency Fleet Corporation, 
United States Shipping Board; Navy Nurse Corps, blue and white 
hospital uniforms; and Young Women's Christian Association. 

To the commemorative section of the war collections was added 
a collection of British and Canadian uniforms worn during the war 
by Lieut. Louis Bennett of the 40th Squadron, Royal Air Force, 
who was killed in action in France August 24, 1918. These are 
accompanied by a number of miscellaneous documents and photo- 
graphs relative to the service of Lieutenant Bennett. The collec- 
tion was presented to the Museum by Lieutenant Bennett's mother, 
Mrs. Louis Bennett, of AVeston, W. Va. 

A touching reminder of the conflict reaching the Museum during 
the past year is the body of the carrier pigeon Cher Ami received 
from the United States Signal Corps and mounted by the Museum 
taxidermist. This pigeon was one of 600 birds which were donated 
by the pigeon fanciers of Great Britain for use in France during 
the World War. Trained by American pigeoneers and flown from 
American lofts, 1917-18, Cher Ami returned to his loft with a 
message dangling from the ligaments of a leg cut off by rifle or 
shell shot. He was also shot through the breast and died from 
the effects of this wound June 13, 1919. 

The foreign material relating to the World War has been In- 
creased by a collection of French military objects presented to the 
Museum by the French Government. This collection includes a 
steel listening post, a steel cupola with gun, a catapult, a Brandt 
cannon, a number of hand and rifle grenades, several swords and 
bayonets, signal rockets, a number of pieces of armor and mis- 
cellaneous relics. From the Czecho-Slovak Army in Russia, artillery 
section, with headquarters at Vladivostok, was received a Russian 
3-inch field-gun, model of 1903, manufactured at Perm, which was 
originally mounted upon a wheeled carriage but later removed 


and modified for mounting on a railroad car. The gun was cap- 
tured with the armored train Orlik from bolshevists forces by 
Czecho-Slovak troops, July, 1918, and used by the latter in their 
defense of the Trans-Siberian Kailroad, 1918-20. From the War 
Department, Motor Transport Corps, was received three captured 
German military vehicles as follows: A Komnick auto truck, a 
Herring truck, and a Lanz ordnance tractor. 


The antiquarian section of the original historical collections has 
received a number of notable objects, among which the following may 
be mentioned: A watch seal of carnelian set in gold, bearing the 
Washington crest and owned by General Washington subsequent to 
the War of the Eevolution. The seal was given by Washington to 
his nephew, Bushrod Washington, who inherited Mount Vernon 
upon the death of Mrs. Washington in 1802. It was later bequeathed 
to Mr. William Lanier Washington and has now been presented to 
the National Museum by Mr. William Sloane, of New York City. 
A pair of shoe buckles and a punch glass owned by General Wash- 
ington ; a purse owned by Mrs. Washington ; a gold watch and a sil- 
ver teaspoon owned by Lord Thomas Fairfax; a silver tea caddy 
owned by Gov. Alexander Spottswood; a Imife and fork owned by 
Dr. William Cabell; three glass decanters in a silver stand owned 
by Col. Augustine Claiborne; and a traveling sermon box owned 
by Gilbert Burnett, Bishop of Salisbury, were lent by the National 
Society of the Colonial Dames of America. A Cincinnati china tea- 
cup and an antique Mexican chair were presented by Mrs. E. M. 
Chapman. A collection of 15 pieces of American Historical china- 
ware, including a number of pieces used at the White House by Presi- 
dent Lincoln and decorated with the LTnited States coat of arms, was 
lent by Mrs. F. W. Dickins. A pair of silver shoe buckles worn dur- 
ing the War of the Revolution by Lieut. Col. Thomas Posey, of the 
Seventh Virginia Regiment, was lent by Miss Lucy S. Beverley, and 
two glass decanters owned by Henry Clay were the gift of Mrs. 
Lulu Hillary Epler. 

Among the notable additions to the biographical section of the 
historical collections are a silver punch bowl with tray, ladle, and 10 
mugs, which were presented to Lieut. Col. George Armistead. The 
bowl with cover is in the shape of a cannon ball supported by four 
eagles. On one side is engraved a view of the fort and harbor; on 
the other appears the following inscription : " Presented by a number 
of the citizens of Baltimore to Lieutenant Colonel George Armistead 
for his gallant and successful defense of Fort McHenry during the 
bombardment by a large British force on the 12th and 13th of Sep- 
tember, 1814, when upwards of 1,500 shells were thrown, 400 of 


which fell within the area of the Fort, and some of them of the 
diameter of this vase." These interesting souvenirs of the bombard- 
ment of Fort McHenry have been installed in the case with the 
original United States flag which flew over the fort at that time 
and which inspired Francis Scott Key to write the words of the 
Star Spangled Banner. They are presented to the Museum by Mr. 
Alexander Gordon, jr., of Baltimore, a great-grandson of Lieut. 
Col. George Armistead. A very handsome gold mounted and jew- 
eled sword presented to Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan in 1861 by 
the city of Philadelphia was donated to the Museum by his daughter, 
Mme. Paul Desprez. A particularly interesting relic in connection 
with the lives of famous Americans is an iron wedge bearing the 
initials "A. L," which was used by Abraham Lincoln when a resi- 
dent of New Salem, 111., 1830-1834, and given by him to Mentor 
Graham, his instructor in surveying. This important memento of 
the early life of the great war President has been presented to the 
Smithsonian Institution by Mr. Henry W. Allen, of California. 
Other notable relics of the Civil War acquired during the past fiscal 
year were a dress sword with belt, sash, gauntlets, and spurs, pre- 
sented to Brig. Gen. Marcus La Rue Harrison by the officers and 
men of his command, the First Arkansas Regiment, and donated to 
the Museum by Mrs. Harrison. The National American Woman's 
Suffrage Association has added to their already large and interesting 
collection of relics in the Museum a gold badge presented to Susan 
B. Anthony by the Citizens Suffrage Association of Philadelphia in 
1848, a flag pin presented to her by the ladies of Wyoming on the 
occasion of her eightieth birthday in 1900, and the distinguished 
service medal awarded to Dr. Anna Howard Shaw by the United 
States War Department for especially meritorious and conspicuous 
service as chairman of the Woman's Committee of the Council of 
National Defense during the War with Germany. The biographical 
collections have also been increased by a large collection of objects re- 
lating to the scientific career of Joseph Henry, first Secretary of 
the Smithsonian Institution, transferred from the division of me- 
chanical technology. 

The principal feature of the period costumes section of the his- 
torical collections, namely, the series of costumes worn by mistresses 
of the White House, has been brought up to date by the addition of 
the dress worn by Mrs. Ellen Louise Wilson during the first adminis- 
tration of President Wilson. This costume of satin brocade, the 
bodice trimmed with rhinestones and pearls and the train of lace, 
has been lent by Mrs. Wilson's daughter. Miss Margaret Wilson. 
Other additions of note to the costumes section included a number 
of costumes covering the period from colonial times to the present 
day, both American and European, the gift of the estate of Mrs. 


Mary E. Pinchot. Numerous other additions of the same general 
character have also been made to this important section of the his- 
torical collections. 

The militarj^ section has received a number of interesting acces- 
sions, the most notable being the uniform coat, vest, breeches, and 
sash worn by Capt. Ely Dagworthy of the British Army during the 
French and Indian War. This uniform, lent by the National Society 
of the Colonial Dames of America, is the earliest British uniform in 
the possession of the Museum, and is a splendidly preserved speci- 
men of the uniforms of the type which played such a prominent part 
in America during the French and Indian War, the War of the Ke vo- 
lution, and the War of 1812. Other military relics of note received 
during the past fiscal year are two pairs of epaulets of the period 
of the War of 1812, presented by Mrs. Mary Mason Barlow; a sword, 
a saber, a hat, belt, cup, and powder horn, used during the War with 
Mexico by Lieut. Baldwin J. Crosswait, Third Ohio Infantry, pre- 
sented by Miss Forest M. Crosswait; a sword, sash, and four belts, 
owned during the Civil War by Bvt. Capt. Frank M. Smith, First 
Maryland Volunteers, jDresented by Mrs. Smith; a pair of epaulets 
worn during the Civil War by Col. E. W. Chastain, Eighth Georgia 
Regiment, Confederate States Army, lent by Mr. Norman C. Stow ; 
and a sword, scabbard, and belt, taken from the body of a Mexican 
bandit after the raid of Francisco Villa on Columbus, N. Mex., March 
9, 1916, presented by the Hon. A. S. Burleson. 

The materials relating to the history of the Navy prior to the 
World War have been increased by a number of accessions of im- 
portance. Among these are a collection of relics recovered from the 
wreck of the U. S. battleship Maine when the remains of this ship 
were removed from Habana Harbor in 1911, including such materials 
as chinaware. silverware, timepieces, rifles, powder cans, binoculars, 
and various other objects in use on the ship in 1898 at the time of 
the explosion. All of them now show plainly the effects of the salt 
water by which they were covered during the period when the wreck 
remained submerged. These were received from the Navy Depart- 
ment. A fitting companion piece to this collection is a bronze memo- 
rial plaque, designed by Charles Keck, and cut from metal recovered 
from the wreck at the same time as the relics described above. This 
beautiful tablet, presented to the Museum by Dr. Gertrude R. Brig- 
ham, is one of a number of such pieces made from various parts of 
the Maine in accordance with act of Congress of August 22. 1902, 
which authorized their manufacture. 

The materials relating to the early history of the Navy have also 
been increased by the transfer from the division of mechanical tech- 
nology of models of the frigate Constitution^ the first United States 
Monitor^ and the Confederate ram MerHmac. 


The collections of the section of numismatics have been increased 
by a number of interesting specimens. As was the case during the 
previous year the principal contributor to the coin collection has 
been Mr. Douglas N. Starr, of Washington, D. C, who has made a 
nimiber of notable additions to his already large and interesting loan 
collection of United States and foreign coins. Among these are the 
following United States gold pieces: Five dollars, 1884; twenty dol- 
lars, 1850 ; twenty dollars, 1907, designed by Augustus St. Gaudens ; 
one dollar, McKinle}^ memorial, 1917; and two specimens of the 
United States silver half dollar commemorating the Pilgrim Ter- 
centenary, 1920. Mr. Starr has also lent a most interesting series of 
uncirculated German commemorative coins, showing the portraits of 
the German emperors from 1871 to 1914. Mr. George W. Conner, 
of Holl5^wood, Calif., has presented an interesting series of the paper 
currency of the Eepublic of Texas. Among interesting additions to 
the collection of medals are a bronze portrait plaque of Ambrose 
Swasey, designed by Victor D. Brenner, which has been presented 
by Mr. Swasey ; a bronze medal commemorating the centennial anni- 
versary of the University of Virginia, presented to the Smithsonian 
by the university ; and a bronze replica of the medal of award of the 
Alaska- Yukon Pacific Exposition, presented by Erastus Brainard, 
of Seattle, Wash. 

The philatelic collections have been increased during the year by 
the addition of numerous specimens from the Post Office Department, 
and many of these are examples of new issues received by that depart- 
ment from the International Bureau of the Universal Postal Union, 
Berne, Switzerland. Unfortunately, owing to the serious illness of 
the philatelist it is impossible at present to give specific description 
of the materials received in this field of the activities of the division 
of history. 


Under this head may very appropriately be considered a most 
important work undertaken during the past fiscal year in connection 
with the reclassification of the records of the division. This was 
rendered necessary by the separation of the historical records from 
those of the department of anthropology with which they had here- 
tofore been connected. It is now possible for the first time to unite 
the entire body of data relating to the historical specimens in the 
offices of the division. This will be accomplished by the entry of 
this data in skeleton form in Museum catalogue books of standard 
type from which series of catalogue numbers will be assigned to all 
the historical material involved, both old and new. Thus the his- 
torical records will be greatly simplified and the entire series of 
catalogue books containing them will be located in a single consecu- 


tive file instead of being scattered throuo;h the anthropoloofical files 
as was formerly the case. In the same connection the early records 
are being verified and the material covered by them classified under 
the various heads indicating the field of activity of the various sec- 
tions of the division as indicated in the earlier portion of this report. 
Corresponding adjustments are being made in the arrangement of the 
card catalogue of the division, and when the researches along this 
line are complete an excellent basis will have been secured for the 
preparation of a classified catalogue of the historical collections for 
publication purposes. 


The usual number of inquiries concerning the historial materials 
have been received during the past fiscal year and much information 
along this line has been furnished for the benefit of researches in 
historical museum material in other fields. In many instances the 
data furnished has been accompanied by photographs of objects 
connected with the work under discussion. 

THE FISCAL YEAR 1920-1921. 


ABBOTT, E. L., Washington, D. C. : 
Fragment of a leaf -shaped blade and 
a chipped arrow point collected at 
Ocean City, Md. (65512) ; sacred 
paint slab and piece of flint worked 
for drill, from Arizona (66567). 

ABBOTT, Dr. W. L., Philadelphia, 
Pa. : 201 bird skins, 9 skeletons and 
2 nests, 6 alcoholic birds, 1 turtle 
and 2 eggs, 3 reptiles, 2 mj'riapods, 
and 4 packages of shells from Haiti 
(65280, 65367) ; 4,000 plants, 10 
specimens of cacti, 31 bird skins, 
several eggs and nests, 5 skeletons 
of birds, 6 lots of mollusks, 6 snakes, 
1 insect, 10 archeological specimens 
and lot of human bones, all from the 
. Dominican Republic (66026, 66323, 
66659) ; 571 mammals, 534 birds, IIS 
reptiles, 65 fishes, 258 invertebrates, 
4 vials of ants, 17 insects, a collec- 
tion of mollusks, and a bottle of 
parasitic worms (collected by 
Charles M. Hoy in Australia) (65456, 

ABBOTT, Dr. W. L., and C. Bodex 
Kloss, Federated Malay States 
Museums, Kuala Lumpur, F. M. S. : 
144 mammals, 496 birds, 3 reptiles, 
and 6 ethnological specimens from 
Siam, Anam, and Cochin China 

ABBOTT, Dr. W. L., and Emeey C. 
Leonakd, U. S. National Museum : 
10,000 plants from Haiti, collected 
for the Museum (65600). 

ABRAMS, Prof. Le Roy. (See under 
Leland Stanford Junior University, 
and E. A. McGregor.) 
71305°— 21 10 

ENCES, Philadelphia, Pa. : 12 speci- 
mens of minerals (65445, exchange). 
ACKERMAN, Carl, Los Angeles, 
Calif. : 3 specimens of cacti (65420) ; 
4 specimens of cacti (65485, ex- 
ADAMS, Paul J., Knoxville, Tenn. : 
176 specimens of land and fresh- 
water shells, representing 11 species, 
from Tennessee (66241). 
Dragonfly, Gamphaeschna furcil- 
lata (66740). 
Set of 15 charts illustrating the 
composition of food materials 
(See also under Copenhagen, Den- 
mark, Zoological Museum.) 
Bureau of Biological Survey: 1,981 
insects representing 196 species 
in the Orders Neuropteroidea, 
Coleoptera, Homoptera, Diptera, 
and Hymenoptera (65183) ; 185 
miscellaneous reptiles and ba- 
trachians from various localities 
received during 1919-1920; also 
8,726 miscellaneous mammals 
from various localities received 
between July 1, 1917, and June 
30, 1920, inclusive, and not previ- 
ously accessioned (65225) ; 39 
reptiles and batrachians from 
various localities (65227) ; 8 
specimens of Anodonta wahla- 
metensis from the mouth of Bear 
River, Utah, 8 mollusks, 9 crus- 




OF — Continued. 
Bureau of Biological Survey — Con. 
taceans, 14 fishes, 6 amphibians, 
2 specimens of Aegla laevis, and 
7 reptiles, from Argentina and 
Paraguay, all collected by Dr. 
Alexander Wetmore (65232, 
65982) ; 88 bunches, 75 sprays, 
and 12 heads of Birds of Para- 
dise (65312) ; 2 turtles, 18 
snakes, 4 lizards, 25 amphibians, 
and 49 batrachians from various 
localities in the United States 
(65594, 65713) ; 46 plants from 
Wisconsin, collected by H. H. T. 
Jackson and H. H. Sheldon 
(65659) ; 23 eggs, 2 nests and 1 
skeleton of birds (65710) ; nest 
and 2 eggs of Megaqulscalu^ 
major major (65881) ; 3 plants, 
Selaginella and cacti, 10 speci- 
mens of cacti, and a specimen of 
Mammillaria, all collected in 
Arizona, by Mr. Vernon Bailey 
(65918, 66190, 66406, 66221, 
66336) ; also 37 specimens, 2 
species, of freshwater moUusks 
from North Dakota, collected by 
Mr. Bailey (66090) ; 44 speci- 
mens, 10 species, of land shells 
from Dijon, France, collected by 
Mr. E. A. Goldman (66089) ; 
4 . plants from Washington 
(66135) ; (through Bureau of 
Entomology) 116 specimens of 
Coleoptera, 60 species ; 231 speci- 
mens of Hemiptera, 22 species; 
87 specimens of Lepidoptera, 12 
species, 153 specimens of Dip- 
tera, 23 species, and 236 speci- 
mens of Hymenoptera, 20 species 
(66252) ; 23 reptiles and batra- 
chians, 6 mollusks, and 1 cactus 
collected by Dr. Alexander Wet- 
more in South America, and 9 
frogs collected by Mr. Francis 
Harper and Mr. H. M. Laing in 
Alberta, Canada (66263) ; 260 
alcoholic birds, 210 skeletons, 
skulls, etc., and 82 birds eggs, 
also 7 fishes from South America 
(66331, 66403, 66675) ; 10 speci- 

OF — Continued. 

Bureau of Biological Survey — Con. 
mens, 3 species, of freshwater 
mollusks, from Athabaska Delta, 
Alberta, Canada, and 13 speci- 
mens, 1 species, of freshwater 
mollusks from Carlisle, La. 
(66377) ; 81 beetles from Brazil, 
collected by Messrs. E. G. Holt 
and J. C. Vasquez (66395) ; 24 
alcoholic specimens of birds 
from Canada; and 52 skeletons 
and skulls, and 4 eggs from 
Argentina (66596) ; 61 skeletons 
and parts of birds, 36 alcoholic 
specimens of birds, 10 eggs and 
2 nests, from Argentina, Mon- 
tana, etc. (66645) ; (through 
C. R. Risinger and W. E. Mus- 
grave) : Cotton seed and a little 
fiber found by C. R. Risinger in 
a cliff dwelling about 15 miles 
north and a little east of Cotton- 
wood, Ariz. (66691) ; 1,142 plants 
(66722) ; 1,622 mammals trans- 
ferred by the Biological Survey 
between July 1, 1920, and June 
30, 1921, inclusive (66774), 

Bureau of Chemistry: 8 specimens 
of starches and 2 specimens of 
dextrin (65794). 

Bureau of Entomology: 1,311 speci- 
mens of miscellaneous Hymenop- 
tera (65214) ; 4 specimens of 
fresh-water isopods, Caecidotea 
species, collected in a well at 
Dallas, Tex., by Mr. F. C. Bishopp 
(65229) ; an earthworm taken 
from earth about the base of a 
palm purchased from a local 
florist by Col. Charles A. Wil- 
liams, United States Army (re- 
tired) (65645) ; 140 miscella- 
neous insects from Auch, Gers, 
France, collected by Dr. L. O. 
Howard (65670) ; 25 specimens, 
all type material, including type 
and allotype, of a remarkable 
hemipteron constituting a new 
subfamily, collected at Santiago 
de las Vegas, Cuba, by Dr. Mario 
Calvina (65770) ; miscellaneous 



OF — Continued. 

Bureau of Entomology — Contd. 
specimens of cicadas collected by 
Mr. Dixon Merrill 6 miles south 
of Lebanon, Wilson County, Tenn. 
(66001) ; 380 specimens of Co- 
leoptera, 220 of Hemiptera, and 
33 of Lepidoptera (66010) ; 2 
mollusks, Megalomnstoma cro- 
ceum and Veronicella ocoiden- 
talis, from San Juan, Porto 
Rico (66237); 6 amphipods, 
Orchestia grillus, collected by 
Mr. J. D. Mitchell, Victoria, 
Tex. (66399) ; 2,857 specimens 
of determ ined H y m e n o p t e r a 
(66750) ; 34 specimens of in- 
sects from Brazil (66752) ; 800 
beetles (66756). 

(See also under California Acad- 
emy of Sciences and Gerald F. 

Federal Horticultural Board: 4 
specimens, 1 species, of mol- 
lusks, Neritina zehra, collected 
In soil about plants from Para, 
Brazil, at quarantine, Washing- 
ton (65203) ; 3 isopods, P/w/oscio. 
species, on orchids from Manaos, 
Brazil (65.549) ; 2 vials of en- 
chytraid worms from Holland 
(65638) : 4 slugs collected in dirt 
around plants from Naples, Italy 
(66266) ; 5 specimens, 3 species, 
of mollusks taken from soil 
around shamrocks from Liver- 
pool, England (66279) ; 3 speci- 
mens, 1 species, of mollusks col- 
lected by Mr. Max Kisliuk, jr., 
at Philadelphia, Pa. (66461) ; 5 
specimen-s, 2 species, of mollusks, 
Opeas goodalU, and SuiuUna 
octona, from soil around a potted 
palm fi-om Georgetown, British 
Guiana (66663). 

Forest Service: Plant, CJieilanthes 
viUosa, from New Mexico 
(66058) : 

Forest Service, Forest Products 
Laboratory, Madison, Wis.: 23 
specimens of airplane ribs, ten- 
pins, duck pins, and shoe lasts, 
showing laminated wood con- 
struction (66696). 


OF — Continued. 
Bureau of Plant Industry: 3,281 
specimens of grasses (65186, 
65618) ; (through Prof. A. S. 
Hitchcock) ; 1,017 specimens of 
grasses (65426, 66015); 95 
plants (65187, 6-5255, 65272, 
65310, 65414) ; 45 specimens of 
plants from St. Lucia (65193) ; 
19 plants from Georgia (65194) ; 
700 plants collected by Mr. W. 
W. Eggleston (65195) ; plants 
from the District of Columbia 
(65196) ; 2 packets of seeds of 
African plants (65197) ; 662 
specimens of plants from Cen- 
tral America, collected by Dr. 
S. F. Blake (65226, 65951) ; 
(through Dr. Blake), 6 photo- 
graphs of type specimens of 
plants, and 11 specimens of 
mosses from Guatemala (65409, 
65895); 97 plants from India 
(65297, 66580, 65588) ; plant, 
Qaylussacia brachycera, from 
Pennsylvania (65356) ; 17 pho- 
tographs of botanical speci- 
mens; 20 plants, cacti, from 
Washington (85648) ; 2 plants, 
Ribes, from Alaska (65693) ; 
9 plants from Mexico (65720) ; 
5 plants from Texas (65811) ; 
90 Guatemalan plants, 17 plants 
from Colombia and Costa Rica, 
46 plants from Colombia, all col- 
lected by Mr. Wilson Popenoe 
(66018, 65925, 66039) ; (through 
Pi'Of. C. V. Piper) photograph of 
type specimen of plant, Phaseo- 
lus ricciardianus, 2 photographs 
of plants, 32 plants from Flor- 
ida, and 259 plants from North 
Dakota (65926, 66000, 66017, 
66163) ; fragmentary specimen 
and photograph of a plant, 
Rinorea gracilis, from Bolivia 
(66128) ; (through Dr. F. V. 
Coville) plant, and section of 
trunk of sage brush collected by 
R. L. Piemeisel, August 7, 1912, 
2 miles northwest of Tooele, 
Utah (66164, 66530) ; plant, 
Cassytha fiKformis, from Flor- 



OF — Continued. 

Bureau of Plant Industry — Contd. 

ida, collected by Mr. M. B. Waite 
(66167) ; 4 fragmentary speci- 
mens of plants, Alsodeia 
(66206) ; 5 photographs and a 
fragmentary specimen of plant, 
Rinorea (66231) ; 2 slugs, Agri- 
lomax agrestis, young, from cit- 
rus plants in greenhouses 
(66246) ; plant, Baltinwra, from 
Java (66286) ; (through W. E. 
Safford ) 79 specimens and photo- 
graphs of p 1 a n ts , Datura 
(66297) ; 3 plants from Trini- 
dad, one of them representing 
the species Poly gala (66360, 
66638) ; 4 plants from Cali- 
fornia and Texas, collected by 
Dr. O. F. Cook (66372) ; 30 
ferns collected in Utah and 
Nevada by Mr. I. Tidestrom 
(66410) ; 9 plants collected by 
Mr. George E. Murrell (66483) ; 
2 photographs and 2 plants 
(66498) ; 5 specimens of cacti 
from California, collected by L. 
G. Polhamus (66517) ; plant 
from Alabama (66577) ; 2 plants, 
Casiniiroa (66578) ; plant from 
New Mexico (66599) ; (through 
Mr. E. O. Wooton) 85 plants 
from Montana (66679) ; 3,000 
plants from Siam, Burma, and 
India, collected by Mr. Joseph F. 
Rock (66713) ; plant, Protea 
arg&ita (66762). 

States Relations Service: A col- 
lection of canned food products 
representing the finest examples 
of canning done by State leaders 
in boys' and girls' club work 
from prize-winning exhibits at 
State Pairs (65793). 

AINSLIE, C. N., Sioux City, Iowa: 
Approximately 200 small moths, 
Microlepidopera, from Iowa (65538). 

ALEXANDER, Dr. C. P., Urbana, 111. : 
4 mosquitoes collected in Illinois by 
Mr. S. C. Chandler (65816). 

ALEXAJNTDER, W. B., Buenos Aires, 
Argentina : 2 specimens of cacti from 
Argentina (66397). 

ALFARO, Dr. A., Museo Nacional, San 
Jose, Costa Rica : 988 specimens of 
mosquitoes (65990, 65991, 66062, 
66119, 66523) ; 33 flies belonging to 
the family Tipulidae (66375). 

(See also under San Jos6, Costa 

ALLEN, Dr. EUGENE T., Washing- 
ton, D. C. : 661 plants collected in 
Norway, by Dr. Olaf Andersen 

GREAT BRITAIN. (See under 
British Government, H. M. Ofiice of 

York City : 8 photographs, 1 reprint, 
and 3 specimens showing growth and 
use of balsa wood (66522.). 

ton, Mass. : 2 four-inch cubes of 
"Bath stone" (66593). 

York City : 3 pamphlets containing 
a verse — John III, 16 — from the 
Bible, printed in 269 different lan- 
guages (65355). 

Memphis, Tenn. : 64 photographs, 
8 by 10 inches, picturing the manu- 
facture of hardwood lumber 

HISTORY, New York City : 50 type- 
metal casts of the first movable 
metal type ever made, Korea, 1403 
(65998) ; 35 echinodenns, 23 amphi- 
pod crustaceans, and a collection of 
decapod crustaceans, a duplicate 
series, secured by the /American 
Museum Congo expeflition ; also 5 
decapod crustaceans from Patago- 
nia and 1 decapod crustacean from 
the Falkland Islands (66109) ; 25 
muscoid flies (66146) ; 4 flies of the 
genus MesemhriTieUa (G62S8, ex- 
change) ; plant, Erif/cron, from 
Ecuador (66441, exchange) ; 64 
specimens, 34 species, of diplop- 



HISTORY— Continued, 
terous wasps (Hymenoptera) from 
Congo, determined by J. Bequaert 
(66524) ; 11 cotype adults and 9 
cotype galls of 13 species of gall- 
making Cynipidae (66697). 
CIATION, Orange, N. J. (through 
Dr. Norman C. Glover, Washington, 
D. C.) : A collection of photographs, 
books, and charts, also an un- 
mounted iiuman si)ine for use in 
exhibit illustrating principles of 
osteopathy (6674S). 
CO. (See under Miss Caroline 
Henry. ) 
Jersey City, N. J.: IS-point type 
body with the Lord's Prayer cast on 
its face, and 18-point type body with 
■ American Typefounders advertise- 
ment on its face, and one type A 
under Pickrel Veneer Co.) 
AMES, Oakes, Boston, Mass.: 49 or- 
chids from the Philippine Islands 
(66272, exchange). 
Anaconda, Mont.: A specimen of 
crystallized arsenic oxide (66082). 
ANDERSON, Mrs. Thomas H., Wa-sh- 
ington, D. C. : Shrunken head of an 
Indian, Jivaro Indians, South 
America (65261). 
ANDREWS, D. M., Boulder, Colo. : 3 

plants from Colorado (65387). 
ANDREWS, Mrs. George L. (through 
Miss Emily O. Battles and Mrs. 
Julian- James, Washington, D. C.) : 
2 Chinese vases, rectangular, and 8 
specimens of modern Mexican pot- 
tery (65318) ; a collection of laces, 
jewelry, and silverware, and an em- 
broidered crepe de chine dress ; also 
a wash drawing of " Two Boys Play- 
ing with a Dog," signed " F. O. C, 
Darley, fecit" (65319, loan). 
ANECT, Rev. Beotheb, St. Michael's 
College, Santa Fe, N. Max.: 190 
plants from New Mexico (65497). 

ANGEL, May Goodrich, Hailey, Idaho : 
Sample of black .sand from Idaho 

CO., THE, Chicago, 111. : 22 specimens 
of dehydrated fruits and vegetables 

ANTHONY, Miss Lucy. (See under 
National American Woman's Suf- 
frage Association.) 

(See under Institute de la Salle, 
Bogota, Colombia.) 

ARANA, Senor Ignacio, Pipi, Santa 
Cruz, Bolivia, South America 
(through P. L, Ports, Washington, 
D. C.) : A bracelet canteen used by 
the Chiriguauo Indians, Bolivia, 
some 30 or 40 years ago (65885). 

ARISTE - JOSEPH, Brother. (See 
under Institute de la Salle, Bo- 
gota, Colombia.) 

Ariz. : A collection of about 200 speci- 
mens of mammalian fossils from a 
cave near Anita, Coconino County, 
Ariz. (65379, exchange). 

ARMOUR & CO., Chicago, 111. : 2 speci- 
mens of medicinal substances from 
the animal kingdom (65790) ; 4 sam- 
ples of suprarenalin (66676). 

ARMSTRONG, E. J., Erie, Pa. : Speci- 
men of inyoite from Hillsborough, 
New Brunswick (65557) ; 5 speci- 
mens of Upper Devonian sponges 
from western New York (66013). 

ARMSTRONG, L. K. (See under 
Henry Fair.) 

ARNOLD, P. B., La vino Furnace Co., 
Sheridan, Pa. (through Dr. Edgar T. 
Wherry) : A specimen of manganese 
ore from Wassau district, Upper 
Guinea, western Africa (66541). 

ARSENE, Brother G., St. Paul's Col- 
lege, Covington, La. : 726 plants from 
Louisiana (65400) ; plant, Burman- 
nia, from Louisiana (65582). 

ARVIDSON, Karl. (See under Photo- 
gravure and Color Co.) 

Long Island City, N. Y.: 12 photo- 
graphs showing the manufacture of 
mahogany veneers (65873). 



ATKINS, John R., Dallas, Tex.: 3 
specimens of cacti from Texas 

ATKINSON, C. M., Florence, S. C. : 
United States silver half dollar is- 
sued in 1829 (65347). 

AUSTEN, Maj. E. E. (See under 
British Government, British Museum 
(Natural History).) 

ville, North Queensland, Australia : 
40 specimens, 12 species, of named 
Australian insects (665S7). 

S. W., Australia : A collection of 
crustaceans collected by the " En- 
deavour " (66308) : 51 fishes (66543, 

BACKER, C. A., Buitenzorg, Java: 2 
specimens of Solidago (65450). 

BAILEY, Harold H., Miami, Fla. : 7 
mice, Peromyscus, from Hog Island, 
Va., and a collection of miscellane- 
ous beetles in alcohol (65663). 

BAILEY, Dr. L. H., Ithaca, N. Y. : 4 
.specimens of Venezuelan cacti, and 
52 ferns from Trinidad and Vene- 
zuela (66329, 66640) ; 20 specimens 
of cacti, and 2 ferns from Trinidad 
(66612, 66718, exchange) ; (through 
Mrs. Agnes Chase) plant Fuirena, 
from Venezuela (66684). 

BAIN, Dr. and Mrs. H. Foster, Wash- 
ington, D. C. : Collection of minor 
oriental art objects (49 specimens) 
(65364, loan). 

BAIN, Mrs. H. Foster, Washington, 
D. C. : 8 Chinese embroidei'ed 
squares and a yellow brocade satin 
imperial throne cushion, collection 
of vases, jars, etc. (66227, 66464. 
loan ) . 

BAKER, Prof. C. F., College of Agri 
culture, Los Banos, P. I. : 300 butter- 
flies and moths from the Philippine 
Islands (65188) ; 45 specimens of 
Sphecinae (wasps), representing 14 
species, including types of 3 new 
species ; 58 specimens of Scollinae 
(wasps), representing 18 species, in- 
cluding types of 7 species ; 4 speci- 
mens of Elidinae (wasps), represent- 

BAKER, Prof. C. F.— Continued. 

ing 1 species new to the collection 
(65465) ; 61 specimens, 31 species, of 
mollusks from Luzon and Mindanao, 
P. I. (66249) ; 211 specimens of un- 
identified Chrysidildae (cuckoo 
wasps), mainly from the Philippines 

BAKER, Dr. Frank C. (See under 
Illinois, University of.) 

BALDWIN, Ralph, Clarendon, Va. : 
Specimen of fungus, Amanita stro- 
biliformis, from Virginia (65386). 

BALDWIN, S. W., U. S. National 
Museum : Chimney swift, Chaetura 
pelagim (66656). 

BALLANTYNE, Sam, Boise, Idaho: 

Collection of fossil plants from 

Malheur County, Oreg ; a fossil leaf 

of Platanns from the same county 

(65985, 66310). 

BANKS, Dr. C. S., Bureau of Science, 
Manila, P. I. : 126 named mosquitoes 
from the Philippine Islands (66064) ; 
skeleton of a shrew, Pacliyura 
lusom^nsis, from Manila (66337). 

BARBER, Mrs. A. W., care H. S. Bar- 
ber, U. S. Department of Agricul- 
ture : 12 miniature bows collected on 
the Rosebud Indian Reservation, 
South Dakota, in 1900 (66632). 

BARBER, Herbert S., U. S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, Washington, 
D. C. : 3 specimens, 2 species, of land 
shells and 8 small terrestrial isopods 
from Plummer Island, Md. (66037, 

(See also under E. A. Schwarz.) 

BARBER, Manly D., Knoxville, Tenn. : 
229 specimens, 14 species, of fresh- 
water mollusks from Tennessee 

BARBOUR, Prof. Edwin H. (See 
under Hon. Charles H. Morrill.) 

BARKER, Frank, Gem, Idaho : a new 
species of mineral from the Tam- 
arack-Custer mine, Coeur d'Alene 
District, Idaho (65327). 

BARLOW, Miss Catherine Britten, 
Washington, D. C. : Black silk lace 
scarf bought in Bi-ussels, and pre- 
sented in memory of the donor's sis- 
ter, Mary Elizabeth Barlow (65854). 



BARLOW, Dr. C. H., Baltimore, Md. : 
10 snakes and a lizard from Clie- 
kiang Province, China (663S6) ; 5 
specimens, 2 species of fresh-water 
mollusks (66468). 

BARLOW, Mrs. Maey Mason, Wash- 
ington, D. C. : 2 pairs of epaulets 
worn (luring the early part of the 
nineteenth century by an officer of 
the New York State Militia (6 
specimens) (65640). 

BARNES, P. T. (See under Pennsyl- 
vania Department of Agriculture.) 

BARTRAM, Edwin B., Bushkill, Pa.: 
128 plants from Arizona (65705, 

BARTSCH, Dr. Paul, U. S. National 
Museum : 2 birds from Florida 

BASSETT, Dr. V. H., Savannah, Ga. : 
Mosquito, Psorophora columbiae 
(66066) ; 6 mosquitoes (66084) ; 6 
mosquitoes from Savannah, Ga. 

BATCHELDER, Charles F.. Cam- 
bridge, Mass.: 325 New England 
plants (65215). 

BATTLES, Miss Emily O. (See 
under Mrs. George L. Andrews.) 

Rochester, N. Y. : 28 pieces of optical 
glass showing progressive steps in 
lens manufacture (65446) ; 8 speci- 
mens of optical glass, examples of 
the first successful production of op- 
tical glass in America (65602). 

BAXTER, M. S., Rochester, N. Y. 
(through G. P. Van Eseltine) : 25 
plants from New York (65425). 

BEARPARK, Artiiub F., Cape Town, 
South Africa : Parasites from a 
whale, pieces of a whale, and a 
fetus, all from Cape Point, South 
Africa (65946) ; whale fetus (al- 
coholic) (66542). 

BECKER, Mrs. George F., Washmg- 
ton, D. C. : 6 relics of the World 
War (66634). 

BEDE, P., Sfax, Tunis, Africa: Col- 
lection of invertebrate fossils and 
minerals from Tunis, Africa (66169, 

BEEKLY, Albert L., Tulsa, Okla. 
(through Dr. T, W. Stanton) : 4 
lots of Mesozoic invertebrates com- 
prising 56 specimens and about 20 
species from Argentina (65823). 

BENEDICT, Dr. J. E., U. S. National 
^Museum : Box turtle from Woodside, 
Md. (65295). 

BENHAIM, Walter D., Detroit, Mich. : 
2 prints from original negative of 
•the automobile race between Henry 
Ford and Alexander Win ton on 
Grosse Point track, Detroit, Mich., 
December 10, 1901, copyrightetl 1918 

BENJAMIN, Mrs. Carolyn Gilbert. 
(See under Colonial Dames, of 
America, National Society of.) 

BENJAMIN, Dr. Marcus, U. S. Na- 
tional Museum : Pamphlet entitled 
" Ode on the Death of Abraham Lin- 
coln," by S. G. W. Benjamin, 1865 
(65383) ; tintype of Esther Kibbe, of 
Canandaigua, N. Y., made about 
18.50 (66118). 

BENNETT, Mrs. Louis, Weston, \Y. 
Va. : British and Canadian uni- 
forms worn during the World War 
by her son, Lieut. Louis Bennett, 
Fortieth Squadron, Royal Air Force, 
who was killed in action in France, 
August 24, 1918, and miscellaneous 
documents and pliotographs relative 
to his military service (65654). 

BENNINGTON, Arthur. (See under 
New York World, The.) 

BENSON, Frank W., Salem, Mass.: 
Etched copper plate. No. 183, 
" Shoveller Drake," the work of the 
donor (66728). 

BEQUAERT, Dr. J., American Mu- 
seum of Natural History, New York 
City: 2 paratypes of lies, Hirom- 
neura bradleyi and 1 specimen of H. 
texana (65492) ; 6 specimens of 
Hymenoptera, representing 3 spe- 
cies, two of which are new to the 
Museum collections (66711). 

(See under Botanischer Garten und 
Museum, Botanisches Museum, and 
Deutsches Entomologisches Mu- 



BERLINER, Emile, Washington, D. 
C. : Photograph showing the gyro- 
copter in flight, June 10, 1920, Col- 
lege Park, Md. (65601) ; 2 gramo- 
phones, one of the commercial type 
produced in 1893, and the other, the 
first electrically operated type 
which was devised by the donor 

SEUM, Honolulu, Hawaii (through 
Dr. C. H. Edmondson) : 10 speci- 
mens, 6 species, of crustaceans from 
Palmyra Island, collected by Dr. C. 
M. Cooke (6673S). 

BERRY, Prof. E. W., Johns Hopkins 
University, Baltimore, Md. : Collec- 
tion of type specimens of fossil 
plants from the Tertiary rocks of 
Mississippi, described in Profes- 
sional Paper 125A, U. S. Geological 
Survey (66544). 

BETHEL, Ellsworth, State Museum, 
Denver, Colo, (through Dr. Fred- 
erick V. Coville) : 73 plants from 
the western United States (65943). 

BEVERLEY, Miss Lucy S., Washing- 
ton, D. C. : Pair of silver shoe 
buckles worn during the War of the 
Revolution by Lieut. Col. Thomas 
Posey, Seventh Virginia Regiment 
(65884, loan). 

BIERBAUM, Ben, Powder River, Wyo. : 
Part of a lower jaw of Coryphodon 

BIGELOW, Col. John, U. S. Army (re- 
tired), Washington, D. C. : Photo- 
graph of John Bigelow, minister to 
France, 1865-66 (65694). 

BIRD, Henky, Rye, N. Y. : 10 speci- 
mens of Diptera (66133), 

BITTERMAN, Capt. Theodore, Medi- 
cal Administrative Corps, U. S. Army, 
Washington, D. C. : 3 specimens of 
glass-sponge " Venus Flower Basket," 
Enplectella, species (65719). 

BLACKMORE, E. H., Victoria, British 
Columbia, Canada: 50 specimens of 
Lepidoptera collected in British Co- 
lumbia (65829) ; 30 moths collecte<l 
by the donor in Victoria (65934) ; 
paratype of a specimen of Lepidop- 
tera, Eulype alhodecorata. and a 
specimen of Pyla, species (66177). 

BLAKE, Dr. S. F., Bureau of Plant In- 
dustry, U. S. Department of Agricul- 
ture, Washington, D. C. : 7 plants and 
6 spotted turtles from Massachusetts 
(65408, 65940) ; plant from the Dis- 
trict of Columbia (66735). 

(See also T. S. Brandegee and New 
York Botanical Garden). 

BLEECKER, Rear Admiral J. V., U. S. 
Navy (retired), Morristown, N. J. 
(through Miss M. N. Bleecker) : A 
carved wooden idol from Oahu, Ha- 
waiian Islands (65907). 

BLINCHO, Mrs. Laura: A pitcher of 
Albion ware made at Colbridge Pot- 
tery, Staffordshire, England (65303, 

BLUMENTILIL & CO., Sidney, New 
York City : 18 samples of upholstery, 
dress, and millinery pile fabrics 

BOETTCHER, Mrs. F. W. J., Washing- 
ton, D. C. : Collection of plants 

Institute de la Salle, ) 

Prince Roland, Paris, France 
(through Mr, H. Heuvrard, Cu- 
rator) : 8 fragmentary specimens of 
ferns from Costa Rica (66739, 
65814). Exchange. 

BONATI, G., Lure (Haute - Saone), 
France : 400 plants, mainly from 
China and New Caledonia (66374, 

BOONE, Miss Pearl L., Hyattsville, 
Md. : Plant from Maryland (66643). 

SEUM, Berliu-Dahlem bei Steglitz, 
Germany: Fern from Haiti (66125) ; 
4 fragmentary specimens of ferns 
from tropical America ( 66358 ) . Ex- 

Dahlem, Germany : 5 plants, Selagi- 
nella (65543, Exchange). 

BOURNE, A. I. (See under Massa- 
chusetts Agricultural College Ex- 
periment Station.) 

BOWEN, Mrs. Edna, Hanalei, Kauai, 
Hawaiian Islands : 87 specimens 
representing 40 species of marine 
moUusks from the Hawaiian Islands 



BOWMAN, Charles E. (See under 
John J. Bowman.) 

BOWMAN, John J. and Charles E., 
Lancaster, Pa. : A watch, No. 49 of 
the 50 made by Ezra F. Bowman. 
Lancaster, Pa., the father of the 
donors, between 1S79-1881. Marked 
" E. F. Bowman, Lancaster, Pa., No. 
49" (66305). 

BOYLE, John, Jr., Washington, D. C. : 
American flag woven during the 
World War from Navaho blanket 
yarn by Hosteen Nez Basa, an In- 
dian woman of New Mexico (65608). 

BRADLEY, Mrs. J. E., Washington, 
D. C. : Abnormal, soft-shelled egg of 
a domestic fowl (65467). 

BRADSHAW, R. V., Eugene, Oreg. : 
2 plants (05341) ; 4 plants from Ore- 
gon (65573, 65672) ; 3 specimens of 
plants, Salix, and 2 plants from Ore- 
gon, including duplicate type of 
Bucephalus vialis (65745, 66142) ; 
plant, Leptotaenia (66662). 

BRADY, Mrs. Samuel, Los Angeles, 
Calif. : Specimen of sulphur found 
on the surface of old machinery at 
Flint Steel Mill, Rockland, Mich. 

BRAINERD, Erastus, Washington, 
D. C. : Medal of award of the 
Alaska - Yukon - Pacific Exposition, 
Seattle, Wash., 1909 (65369). 

BRANDEGEE, T. S., Department of 
Botany, University oH California, 
Berkeley, Calif. : 5 plants from 
Mexico (65285) ; (through Dr. S. F. 
Blake) 3 plants from Mexico (65407, 

BRANNER, Dr. J. C, Little Rock, 
Ark. (through Dr. O. P. Hay) : 3 
specimens of Discinoid brachiopod 
from Arkansas (65844). 

BRAUN, Annette F., Cincinnati, Ohio : 
7 .specimens of Microlepidoptera, in- 
cluding 6 paratypes of 4 species 

BRAUNTON, Ernest C, Los Angeles, 
Calif. : 17 photographs of plants 

BRICKER, Joseph W., Smithville, 
Ohio : Photograph of a letter written 
by Oen. U. S. Grant to Mrs. George 
William Bricker, April 11, 1863. re- 

BRICKER, Joseph W.— Continued, 
garding her two sons in the Army 
under his command (66173). 
BRIDWELL, J. C, Bureau of Ento- 
mologj', U. S. Department of Agri- 
culture, Washington, D. G. : 31 para- 
sitic wasps (3 species) from the 
Hawaiian Islands (65393). 
BRIGHAM, Dr. Gertrude, Smithsonian 
Institution : Bronze memorial tablet 
designed by Charles Keck and cast 
from metal recovered from the wreck 
of the U. S. S. Maine (65949). 
BRIMLEY, C. S. (See under North 
Carolina State Department of Ag- 
riculture. ) 

British Museum {Natural His- 
tory), London, England 
(through Maj. E. E. Austen) : 55 
specimens, 21 of them cotypes, 
representing 32 species of Mexi- 
can Diptera (65822) ; 2 beetle 
larvae, Henoticus calif ornicus 
(66400) ; 7 Ordovician cystids 
(66253). Exchange. 
Imperial Bureau of Entomology, 
London, England (through Mr. 
James Waterson) : 10 specimens 
of African Tetrastich! represent- 
ing 6 species, four of them co- 
types (66381). 
H. M. Office of Works, London, 
England (through Sir Lionel 
Earle and the American Ambas- 
sador) : Section of oak timber 
from the hammer-beam roof of 
Westminster Hall, 4 photo- 
graphs, 2 drawings, and 1 mim- 
eographed copy of " Notes upon 
the History and Repairs to the 
Roof," by Sir Frank Baines 
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 
Surrey, England : 100 miscella- 
neous plants (6294) Exchange. 
(Through War Department ) : 
Special sand bag of the type used 
by the British Army during the 
World War (65685). 
BRITTON, Dr. N. L. ( See under New- 
York Botanical Garden.) 
BROCKETT, Paul, Smithsonian Insti- 
tution : Enlarged halftone, 7 dots to 
the inch (65981). 



SEUM, Brooklyn, N. Y. (through 
Charles Schueffer) : Biological ma- 
terial with pupal cells and adult of 
Sagra beetles from India (65737) ; 
4 bats, Desmodus rotundus, alco- 
holics, collected on Asia Island, 
Peru (65738). 

BROWN, Benjamin C, Pasadena, 
Calif.: 6 soft ground etchings, 1 in 
brown and 5 in color, the work of 
the donor (66576). 

BROWN, Edwaed J., Los Angeles, 
Calif. : 4 skins of sandpipers, Ercu- 
netes, from Virginia (66683). 

BROWN, Lieut Col. F. W., U. S. 
Army, Washington, D. O. : 26 speci- 
mens of textile fabrics from the 
Lake Lanao region, Mindinao, P. I. 
(65211; loan). 

BROWN, Will, San Bernardino, 
Calif.: Crystal of axinite (65256, 

BROWNE, Mrs. Arthur S., Washing- 
ton, D. C. : Chinese carved ivory 
cardcase (66208). 

BRUES, Dr. C. T., Melrose Highlands, 
Mass. (through C. F. W. Muese- 
beck) : Paratype of Apanteles cauda- 
tus and one of MicropUtis stigrna- 
tious (66429, exchange). 

BRYAN, Maj. Harry S., Springfield, 
Ohio : Archeological objects and a 
reproduction from the Valley of 
Mexico (65938) ; archeological ma- 
terial from the Valley of Mexico 
(65939, loan) ; lacquered box, 2 docu- 
ments, 5 samplers, and 2 coin dies 
(66048) ; ethnological and religious 
specimens (66049, loan) ; carved 
lacquer gourd from Mexico (66122) ; 
religious Mexican hieroglyphic 
painting and a pioneer band saw 
(66193, loan) ; obsidian blade from 
Mexico (66704, loan). 

BRYAN, Kirk, Tucson, Ariz. : 8 living 
cacti from Arizona (66465). 

BUCKINGHAM, Mrs. B. F., and Miss 
I. C. FREEMAN, Washington, D. C. : 
6 old plaques, 2 caps, 2 handker- 
chiefs, 2 embroidered dresses, and 
2 petticoats, of the period of 1812, 
and a bronze statuette (66487). 

BUDDINGTON, A. F. (See under 
Princeton University, Department of 

SCIENCES, Buffalo, N. Y. : The tj^pe 
specimen of the fossil turtle, Bystra 
nanus (65488, exchange). 

BULLBROOK, J. A., Port-of-Spain, 
Trinidad, West Indies (through Dr. 
T. W^ayland Vaughan) : Collection of 
invertebrate fossils from Trinidad, 
and a monkey skeleton (65691). 

BURCHARD, E. F., U. S. Geological 
Survey, Washington, D. C. : 23 lots 
of fossils from Pedatin district, 
Mindanao, and 4 lots from Tayabas 
Province, Luzon, P. I. (66086). 

BURLESON, Hon. A. S., Postmaster 
General, Washington, D. C. : Sword, 
scabbard, and belt, taken from the 
body of a Mexican bandit after tlie 
raid of Francisco Villa on Columbus, 
New Mexico, March 9, 1916 (66120). 

BURNETT, Jerome B., University of 
Nebraska, Department of Geology, 
Lincoln, Neb. : Invertebrate fossils 
from Colombia, South America, col- 
lected by Mr. C. W\ Washburne and 
the donor (65593). 

BURT, Mrs. A. S., Washington, D. C. : 
Portion of a right maxillary, carry- 
ing 2 teeth, of a Titanothere (65820). 

BUSH, B. F., Courtney, Mo.: 137 
plants (66364) ; 54 plants from Mis- 
souri (66716). 

BUSHNELL, D. I., jr., Washington, 
D. C. : Beaded cap, Scotch style, 
made by a Creek Indian in Georgia 
for General Gaines (65435, loan). 

BYRNE, Col. Charles B., U. S. Army, 
Washington, D. C. : 2 hardwood bars 
from the Casa Blanca, the reputed 
residence of Ponce de Leon in Porto 
Rico (65872). 

BYRNE, Miss Ellen Abert, Washing- 
ton, D. C: Indian objects (66432). 

cadero, Calif. : 14 samples of dehy- 
drated fruits and vegetables (66754). 

CALDERON, Seiior Salvador, Chief 
of the Laboratorj', Direccion General 
de Agricultura, San Salvador, El 
Salvador: About 30 insects from 
Central America (65307) ; 61 fishes, 
Poecilids (66497). 



ENCES, San Francisco, Calif, 
(through Bureau of Entomology, 
U. S. Department of Agriculture, 
Washington, D. C.) : 7 specimens of 
Hemiptera, including 4 paratypes of 
2 species (66113) ; (through Miss 
Alice Eastwood) Plant, Pilularia, 
from California (66391, exchange) ; 
15 living cacti collected in Mexico by 
Mr. I. IM. .Tolinston (664S4, ex- 
(INC.), Randsburg, Calif.: Silver 
ore (65248). 
partment of Botany, Berkeley, Calif, 
(through Prof. H. M. Hall) : 48 
photographs of type specimens of 
plants in the Gray Herbarium 
(66162) ; 19 photographs of type 
specimens of plants of the genera 
Pyrrocoma, Chrysothamnus, Erio- 
carpum and UazarcUa in the Green 
Herbarium at Notre Dame Univer- 
sity (66393) ; Plant, Dryopteris 
(66616). Exchange. 
CAMP, R. D., Brownsville, Tex.: 19 

plants (663S7, 66664, 66560). 
CAMPBELL, Prof. Arthur S., Upland, 
Calif. : 6 paratypes of ophiurans, 
Ophiocryptus maculosus and a star- 
fish, Henricia leviuscula (66367). 
CAMPBELL, William J., Philadel- 
phia, Pa. : 4 photostats of plumbeo- 
types (66348, 6-5592). 

Department of Agriculture, Ento- 
mological Laboratory, Frederick- 
ton, New Brunswick (through 
John Tothill) : Paratype of 
Ernestia longicomis (66574). 
Department of the Interior, Do- 
minion Parks Branch, Ottawa, 
Canada : Motion-picture film en- 
titled " Trumpeter Swans " 
Geological Survey, Ottawa, Can- 
ada : 77 crustaceans from Can- 
ada (65230, exchange). 
Department of the Naval Service, 
Ottawa, Canada : 145 specimens, 
representing 15 species, of ma- 

Department of the Naval Service — 

rine and fresh water moUusks 

from James and Hudson Bays 

and vicinity (66256). 


Canton, China (through Dr. C. W. 

Howard) : 61 specimens of Hymen- 

optera from Canton, China (66686). 

CAPPS, S. R., United States Geological 

Survey, Washington, D. C. : Fossils 

from the coast of Thrace (65965). 

CARLETON, M. A., Almirante, Pana- 
ma : 85 plants collected in Panama 

CARLTON, A. E., American Consul, 
Medan, Sumatra, Netherlands In- 
dies : Samples of the eight com- 
mercial grades of Hevea rubber pro- 
duced and sold in the Medan market 

WASHINGTON, Washington, D. C. 
(through Prof. W\ A. Setchell, De- 
partment of Botany, University of 
California, Berkeley, Calif.) : 75 
ferns from Samoa (66055) ; (through 
Dr. D. T. MacDougal, Tucson, Ariz. ) : 
3 specimens of cacti (66330). 

(See also under Prof. A. L. Tread- 

Pa. (through Dr. W. J. Holland) : 19 
specimens of parasitic eynipoids 
(wasps), including 16 species, of 
which 14 are represented by holo- 
types (65483, exchange). 

CARNEY, J. E., Jr., Rio de Janeiro, 
Brazil: Tourmalines, beryls, and 
examples of rare minerals from 
Brazil (66569). 

CARR, Wilbur J., Director of the 
Consular Service, Department of 
State, Washington, D. C. : Moorish 
flintlock musket and 3 South African 
native spears (65605) ; Moorish dag- 
ger ; Chinese carving of a mendicant 
priest, with standard ; plumb, lamp, 
and terra cotta head from ancient 
Rome ; and a piece of carved stone 
from the Greek theater at Syracuse, 
Sicily (65758). 



ARK, THE, Newark. N. J. ( through 
Rudolph Ruzicka, New York City) : 
9 specimens, comprising 4 engraved 
wood blocks and 5 proofs, designed, 
engraved, and printed by Rudolph 
Ruzicka (65920). 

CARTWRIGHT, L. W., Vallejo, Calif. : 
A carved wooden image from the 
Solomon Islands (65572) ; model of 
Samoau outrigger canoe (65S51). 

Auburn, N. Y. : Dyscrasite sender, 
receiver, and tube of the type fur- 
m'shed the Signal Corps, U. S. Army, 
subsequent to November 11, 1918 

CASTELLANOS, Alberto, Buenos 
Aires, Argentina : 5 specimens of 
cacti (65535, exchange). 

CAUDELL, A. N. (See under Fred- 
erick Knab, Estate of.) 

son, New Zealand (through Dr. R. J. 
Tillyard) : 78 species of Pyralidae, 
all new to the Museum collections 

CHAMBERLAIN, Edward B., New 
York City: 2 specimens of pteri- 
dophyta from Dominica, British 
West Indies (66270). 

(See also under Sullivant Moss 
Society, The.) 

LEA, Smithsonian Institution : Col- 
lection of tourmalines, cut and un- 
cut, and other cut gems (65235) ; 3 
cut blue zircons (65374) ; 4 carved 
jades (657S3) ; 2 cabochons of Per- 
sian turquoise (65785) ; 2 cut gems 
each of Madagascar orthoclase and 
wernerite, and 1 Australian opal 
(65786) ; 4 Australian sapphires, 3 
cut blue zircons from Queensland, 
Australia, and a cut opal weighing 
31.9 carats, from Australia (6.5910, 
66224, 66590). 

CHAMPLAIN, A. B., Bureau of Plant 
Industry, Harrisburg, Pa. : 33 speci- 
mens of parasitic Hymenoptera 
(66108, exchange). 

CHANDLER, Prof. Asa C. (See 
under Rice Institute, The.) 

CHANSLEll, Waltee S., Bicknell, 
Ind. : 9 small mammal skulls, and a 
partial skeleton of a dog from Ed- 
wardsport, Ind. (65252, 65852). 

CHAPIN, E. A., Bureau of Animal In- 
dustry, U. S. Department of Agricul- 
ture, Washington, D. C. : 22 exotic 
beetles, including 8 species new to the 
Museum collections (06145, ex- 

CHAPIMAN, Mrs. E. M., Washington, 
D. C. : Cincinnati china teacup and 
antique Mexican chair (65906). 

CHAPMAN, Dr. F., Victoria, Aus- 
tralia : 5 lots of Tertiary bryozoans 
from Australia (65678). 

CHAPMAN, Mrs. Robert Hollistee, 
Washington, D. C. : Ethnological 
specimens and a lyre-bird tail 

CHASE, Mrs. Agnes, Department of 
Agriculture, Washington-, D. C. : 54 
plants (65508). 

(See also under Dr. L. H. Bailey.) 

CHASE, Enoch A., Washington, D. C. : 
Original trade-mark No. 1, issued by 
the U. S. Patent Office, October 25, 
1870, to the Averill Chemical Paint 
Co. ; also Patent Office specification 
for same (65684, loan). 

WALKER MUSEUM, Chicago, 111.: 
Casts of type specimens of inverte- 
brate fossils in the Walker ]Mu- 
seum, made by Dr. R. S. Bassler 
(6.5569, e.s change) : 2 skulls of 
D iceratherium cooki from Agate 
Springs, Nebr. ; casts of the skulls 
of Edapliosaurus and Diadectes 
from the Permian of Texas, and a 
collection of casts of tyr>e specimens 
of invertebrate fossils prepared by 
Dr. R. S. Bassler (66014, exchange). 

CHILDS, L. J., Rialot, Calif.: Speci- 
men of the mineral bayldonite from 
Riverside County, California 


Peking, China ; V. K. Ting, Director : 
4 specimens of fossil crabs, Macrop- 
thalmiis lafrciUci used as medicine 
in China (65587). 



VERSITY: 2 snakes collected by 
Carl Lumholtz in Borneo (66768, ex- 

CLARK, Austin H., U. S. National 
Museum : Prehistoric shell imple- 
ment from Barbados, West Indies 

CLARK, B. P., Boston, Mass.: 263 
exotic beetles (66199). 

CLARK, H. Walton. ( See under Miss 
Eliza Garvin.) 

CLARKE, Louis C. G., London, Eng- 
land: A small jade tiki from New 
Zealand, and a collection of neo- 
lithic stone implements from Great 
Britain, Ireland, and Greece (65772, 
65954 ) . Exchange. 

CLARKSON, Gros\'enor B., Washing- 
ton, D. C. : 2 Japanese vases (65525). 

CLAUDE- JOSEPH Beotheb. (See 
under Instituto de la Salle, Correo 
Nunoa. Chile.) 

CLEMENS, Mrs. Joseph, Greenville. 
Calif.: 6 plants (65419); 3 plants 
from California (66040). 

CLEVELAND, Mrs. Feancis D., Cam- 
bridge, Mass. : The entire collection 
of insects and rocks, and the sci- 
entific portion of the library of the 
late Dr. Joseph P. Iddings (65750). 

CLINTON, H. G., Manhattan, Nev. : 
Collections of invertebrate fossils 
from Nevada ( 65692, exchange ) . 

CLOKEY, iRA W., Denver, Colo.: 13 
Colorado plants and 2 ferns (65689, 
66223) ; 271 plants (66110, ex- 

COCKERELL, Prof. T. D. A., Boulder, 
Colo. : Bee, Poeciloconalos mimus, a 
species and genus new to the Mu- 
seum collections (65212) ; 86 speci- 
mens of insects from England, mostly 
named, and 4 para types and 4 other 
named species of beetles from the 
Seychelles Lslands (65927) ; mol- 
lusks, marine invertebrates, echino- 
derms, insects and plants from the 
Madeira Islands (06057, 66238. 
66281) ; shells, insects, and flies, 
beetles, and plants (66174, 66586). 

COLE, Elmer E., Washington, D. C. : 
Powder horn with carved cap and 
spout, used in the early fifties by 
Thomas Smiley, Meadville, Pa. 
(65507, loan). 

COLE, Miss Lillian A., Union, Me.: 
11 plants (66356, 66564). 

ZON, Guantanamo, Oriente, Cuba 
(through Brother Hioram) : 26 ferns 
from Cuba (66316). 

TOL, Cartegena, Colombia (through 
Brother Heriberto) : 161 Colombian 
plants (65449,66230). 


(See under Columbia University.) 

ington, D. C. (through Mrs. Carolyn 
Gilbert Benjamin) : Lady's fan of 
the colonial period (65396) ; old 
English china pitcher presented by 
the poet James Montgomery to the 
journalist, Joseph Gales (66404) ; 
uniform coat, vest, breeches, and 
sash worn during the French and 
Indian Wars by Capt. Ely Dag- 
worthy of the British Army (66546) ; 
miscellaneous relics of the colonial 
period (G6552) ; 4 documents of the 
eighteenth centurj' (66604) ; glass 
tumbler owned by George Washing- 
ton (66628) ; collection of uniforms 
of the type worn by American 
women, members of war organiza- 
tions during the World War, 1914- 

1918 (66674, loan). 

CIETY OF (through W. W. Ladd, 
Governor General, New York City) : 
Bronze war service insignia and 
certificate for civilian service of the 
type issued by the General Society 
of Colonial AVars to members of the 
society in recognition of patriotic 
services rendered to the United 
States during the World War, 1917- 

1919 (66311). 

Department of Geology. Golden, 
Colo. : 19 specimens of zeolites from 
North Table Mountain, near Golden, 
Colo. (6CG95, exchange). 



ver, Colo. : 8 plants from New Mex- 
ico (66513). 

partment of Biology, Boulder, Colo. : 
26 plants (66430). 

COLTON COaiPANY, Abthxjb, De- 
troit, Mich. : An automatic tablet 
machine complete with punches, 
dies, and electric motor (66765, de- 
posit) . 

SURGEONS, New York, N. Y. 
(through Dr. George S. Hunting- 
ton) : 172 cases of skeletal material 
(66480, exchange). 


Coast and Geodetic Survey: 53 
bottom samples taken during 

the summer of 1919 by the 
Coast and Geodetic Survey 
steamer Surveyor on passage 
between NorfoU?:, Va., and San 
Diego, Calif., via Panama 
Canal (65683); chronoscope; 
dip circle, bought between 184S 
and 1885 ; verticle circle, bought 
between 1885 and 1893; geo- 
detic level, and an astronomical 
transit, 46 inches, purchased 
between 1848 and 1852 (65983). 
Bureau of Fisheries: 10 Turbel- 
larian worms taken from oysters 
collected on Port Inglis oyster 
bar, near Cedar Key. Fla. 
(65182) ; 2 plants. Opuntia, 
from North Carolina (65283) ; 
25 -f juvenile forms of crabs, 
Uca pugilator, from the sandy 
beach south of Diver's Island, 
Beaufort, N. C. (65516) ; ap- 
proximately 100,000 fishes col- 
lected by the steamer Albatross 
in Philippine waters (65731) ; 15 
specimens of dried sponges from 
Ikatan Baj', Unimak Island, 
Alaska, collected by Warden 
Joseph N. Braun (65787) ; 360 + 
lots of sponges collected by the 
steamer Albatross, 250 -f- of 
them from the Albatross Hawai- 
ian Cruise of 1902, and 110 -f 
from the Eastern Pacific Cruise 



Bureau of Fisheries — Continued, 
of 1904-5 (65876) ; type speci- 
men of Peristedion gilberti 
(65933) ; 9 skulls of fur seals, 
Callorhinus, from St. Paul 
Island, and 25 skulls and 1 
skeleton of fur seals from St. 
George Island (65959) ; 6 skulls 
of branded S-j-ear old fur seals, 
Callorhinus, from the Pribiloff 
Islands, Alaska (65960) ; skele- 
ton of a leather back turtle, 
and 72 crustaceans (15 species 
of amphipods and 5 species of 
isopods), all from Wood's Hole, 
Mass. (65977, 66504) ; (through 
Samuel W. Geiser) 5 specimens 
of a new species of amphipod 
from Chesapeake Bay, collected 
by the steamer Fish Hawk 
(65993) : specimen of croaker, 
Micropogon undulatus {her- 
maphroditic) (60140) ; 7 type 
specimens of 16 cotypes of new 
mala-copterygian fishes (66257) ; 
a miscellaneous lot of fishes from 
the Potomac River and its tribu- 
taries (66448) ; 211 specimens, 
38 lots, of moUusks, Sphaeriidae, 
from Iowa (66449) ; 54 speci- 
mens, 1 species, of landshells 
from Key West, Fla. (66455) ; a 
miscellaneous collection of ma- 
rine invertebrates, starfishes, 
mollusks, fish, and stomach con- 
tents of fish from Alaska, to- 
gether with 8 lots of unidentified 
Philippine sponges (66605) ; 4 
microscopic slides and 2 vials of 
cestode worms including the type 
and cotypes of Phyllobothrium 
tumidum (host Carcharodon car- 
charias) and the type of Phyllo- 
bothrium loliginis from a sword- 
fish (66666). 

(See also under N. H, Cowdrey, 
and Dr. A. R. Stubbs.) 

Bttreau of Foreign and Domestic 
Commerce: A skein of tussah 
silk. Two Deer Brand, produced 
by the Chun Yi Filature of 
Mukden, Manchuria (65626) ; 
samples of mica from China 



der Ukraine, The Friends of.) 

CONNER, George W., Hollywood, 
Calif.: Paper currency of the Re- 
public of Texas issued 1838-41 (9 
specimens) (65455). 

CONNOR, Buck, Hollywood, Calif.: 
Lover's flute from the Brule Sioux 
(65697) ; catlinite pipe and stem, 
skin pipe bag, 8 arrows, and 2 stone- 
head clubs (66350). 

CONZATTI, Prof. C, Oaxaca, Mexico : 
2 plants, MammilUria (65699) ; 196 
plants from Mexico (65736, 65806, 
65838, 66032, 66033) ; plant, Dio- 
spyros from Oaxaca (66472) ; 10 
specimens of cacti (66714). 

COOK, Dr. E. Fullerton. ( See under 
United States Pharmacopoeial Con- 
vention ( Inc. ) , Board of Trustees of 

COOK, Dr. O. F. (See under Miss 
Ellen D. Schulz.) 

COOKE, Dr. C Wythe, U. S. Geologi- 
cal Survey, Washington, D. C. : 50 
specimens, 6 species, of land and 
fresh-water .shells collected by the 
donor in Department of Santander, 
U. S. of Colombia (66267). 

COOPE, Miss Jessie, W^ashington, 
D. C. : 18 Chinese ethnological speci- 
mens (65240). 

COOPER, Prof. William S., Depart- 
ment of Botany, University of Minne- 
sota, Minneapolis, Minn. : Plant from 
Alaska (65268). 

COPELAND, E. B., Chico, Calif.: 2 
plants, Selaginella, from California 

LOGICAL MUSEUM (through U. S. 
Department of Agriculture) : Collec- 
tion of beetle larvae representing 8 
species (66339, exchange). 

ville, Tex. : Larva of a moth, Argeus 
labruscae, from Brownsville, Tex. 
CORBACHO, Senor Joege M., Lima, 
Peru : Peruvian document signed in 
1735 by the Marquis of Castel Puerte, 
viceroy of Peru, 1724-1735 (65278). 

N. Y. (through Prof. W. W. Row- 
lee) : 50 Central American plants 
(65850) ; 5 fragmentary plants, Sela- 
ginella; (through C. F. W. Muese- 
beck) 4 paratypes of parasitic Hy- , 
menoptera (braconids) (66298,66306, 
CORT, Dr. W. W. Department of Medi- 
cal Zoology, Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity, Baltimore, Md. : About 500 
fresh-water snails, Blmifordia for- 
mosana, from Taichu Province, For- 
mosa (66022). 
Washington, D. C. (through E. K. 
Ellsworth, Acting Director) : Silk 
flag presented by the women of Ar- 
menia, through the Armenian Na- 
tional Union, to the women of Amer- 
ica, through the Woman's Commit- 
tee of the United States Council of 
National Defense, in recognition of 
the services rendered to women of 
Armenia by the women of America 
during the World War (65729). 

COVILLE, Dr. Frederick V., Bureau 
of Plant Industry, U. S. Department 
of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. : 
Plant, Azalea arhoresccns, from 
Great FaUs, Va. (66273). 

(See also under Agriculture, De- 
partment of. Bureau of Plant In- 
dustry, Ellsworth Bethel, F. W. 
Hunnewell, and Titus Ulke.) 

COWDRY, N. H., Department of 
Anatomy, Peking Union INIedical Col- 
lege, Peking, China : 213 plants from 
China (65751) ; (through Depart- 
ment of Commerce, Bureau of 
Fisheries) 33 Chinese plants 

COX, Prof. Philip, Fredericton, New 
Brunswick, Canada: 10 fishes, 
sticklebacks (66368, exchange). 

Louis, Mo. : An 8 by 11 inch framed 
portrait of Mr. Gustav Cramer 

CRANE, W. E., Washington, D. C. : 18 
species of Pleistocene ( ?) shells from 
a low bluff 15 to 20 miles west of 
the port of Batavia, Java, on the 
China Sea (66490). 



CROSTHWAITE, Miss Fokest M., 
Washington, D. C. : Military equip- 
ment owned during tlie Mexican 
"War by Lieut. Baldwin H. Cross- 
wait, Third Ohio Infantry; lady's 
riding saddle of the period of the 
Revolution, and riding-habit coat of 
the period of the Civil War ; 2 Ger- 
man religious books of the eigh- 
teenth century ; and miscellaneous 
natural history material (65484). 

CROTHER, A. H., Laurel, Md. : Egret, 
Herodias egretta-, from Maryland 

CURRAN, Howard, Orillia, Ontario, 
Canada: 4 flies (66415). 

phia. Pa. (through Perry R. Long 
and William Slagle) : 98 printed 
proofs of four-color work and 24 
prints as they come from the press, 
printed in two colors on both sides 

Long Island, N. Y. : Photographs of 
airplanes Eagle, Wasp, and Oriole 

CUTLER, Mr. and Mrs. Russell G., 
Kanab, Utah : Archeological objects 
found while digging a cellar in 
Kanab, Utah (65540). 

vostok, Siberia (through the Quar- 
termaster Corps, U, S. Army) : Rus- 
sian 3-inch gun captured with the 
armored train " Orlik " from bolshe- 
vik forces by Czecho-Slovak troops, 
July, 1918, and used by the latter in 
their defense of the Trans-Siberian 
Railroad, 1918-1920 (65821). 

DALL, Dr. W. H., U. S. Geological 
Sui'vey, Washington, D. C. : Artist 
proof wood-engraving of Asa Gray 
by Gustav Kruel (1843-1907) 

(See also under J. G. Malone, and 
C. R. Orcutt.) 

DANIEL, Robert E. L., Moqui Indian 
Agency, Keams Canon, Ariz. : 7 
sheets of drawings in color illustrat- 
ing tribal myths of the Kiowa In- 
dians, Fort Sill, Okla., an earthen- 

DANIEL, Robert E. L.— <:;ontinued. 
ware jar from Marsh Pass, and a 
stone figurine of ancient Pueblo 
manufacture (65566). 

DARBY, Miss Charlotte L., Falls 
Church, Va. : House wren. Troglo- 
dytes aedon, from Virginia (66630). 

DARLING, Nancy, Woodstock, Vt. : 
Fern, Polysticlmm adiantiforme, 
from Florida (65760). 

DAVIDSON, Dr. A., Los Angeles, 
Calif.: Plant, Petrophyton, from 
California (65877) ; 8 plants from 
California (65777, 66642) ; 10 plants 
(65253, 65440). 

DAVIDSON, W. M., Vienna, Va. : Syr- 
phus fly, from southern California, 
collected by the donor (65677). 

DAVIS, Prof. Donald W. (See under 
Eastern State Hospital, Williams- 
burg, Va.) 

DAVIS, Rev. John, Hannibal, Mo.: 
317 plants (65402, 66450). 

DAVIS, J. J., Riverton Entomological 
Laboratory, Riverton, N. J. : 23 para- 
types of 8 species and varieties of 
May-beetles, Phyllophaga (65344). 

DAY, Prof. A. L. (See under Philip- 
pines, University of.) 

DAYTON - AVRIGHT Co., Dayton, 
Ohio: Isometric plan of De Havi- 
land 4 battle plane, showing military 
equipment (3 copies) (66633). 

DEAM, Charles C, Bluffton, Ind. : 17 
plants (65428) ; 9 plants, Selagi- 
nella, from the United States and 
Canada (65889) ; (through W. W. 
Eggleston) 66 plants from Indiana 

DEAM, Miss Roberta E. (See under 
Michigan, University of. Museum of 

DEAN, F. A. W., Alliance, Ohio: 5 
specimens representing 5 species of 
mollusks (65208) ; white metal token 
commemorating the Hudson-Fulton 
celebration, 1909, and 2 bronze 
medalets commemorating the Lin- 
coln centennial, 1909 (65236). 

DE GOLYER, E., Chief Geologist, 
Compania Mexicana El Aguila, S. A., 
New York City (through Dr. T. 
Wayland Vaughan) : Type specimen 
of the fossil pelecypod, Sauvagesia 
degolyej'i (65615). 



DEINARD, Ephraim, Arlington, N. J. : 
Collection of objects of Jewish and 
Mohammaden religious ceremonial, 
consisting of textiles, specimens of 
wood, stone, copper, brass, silver, 
and manuscripts, chiefly from Pales- 
tine (255 specimens) (65324, loan). 

Philadelphia, Pa. : Samples of Brit- 
ish Guiana bauxite (66318). 

DE- NEALE, Miss Edna, Washington, 
D. C. : An American Hornbook 
painted on bone (65390, loan). 

DENSLOW, Rev. H. M., New York 
City : Plant, Listera, from New York 
(66571, exchange). 

DE RONCERAY, Miss Makie Estelle, 
Smithsonian Institution : 3 china 
doll heads, and a lot of doll clothes, 
aU of the period of 1870, and a lace 
shawl worn in Porto Rico between 
1858 and 1864 by Mrs. Charles de 
Ronceray ( Henrietta R a s a 1 e e ) 

DESPREZ, Mme. Patjl, Paris, 
France: Gold mounted and jeweled 
sword presented by the city of Phila- 
delphia to Maj. General George B. 
McClellan in 1861 (65865). 

DETMERS, Miss Feeda, Ohio Agri- 
cultural Experiment Station, Woos- 
ter, Ohio: Plant (65250). 

DETWILER, Frederick Knecht, New 
York City : 6 water -color drawings 
by the donor showing the construc- 
tion of wooden ships in the United 
States shipyard at Noank, Conn., 
during the World War, 1918 

MUSEUM, Berlin-Dahlem, Germany 
(through Dr. Walther Horn) : 196 
sawflies (66531). 

DEVEREUX, Mrs. J. Ryan, Chevy. 
Chase, Md. : Harp piano (65526). 

DEWEY, Dr. William A. (See under 
Dr. Mary E. Hanks and Dr. Lynn 
Arthur Martin.) 

bers Ridge, 111. : Specimen of fluor- 
spar (65610). 

DICKENS, Mrs. F. W., Washington, 
D. C. : 15 pieces of American his- 
torical chinaware (660S2, loan). 

71305°— 21 11 

LOGICOS. (See imder Mexican 
Government. ) 

CULTURA. (See under Guate- 

DOBBIN, Frank, Shushan, N. Y. : 55 
plants from New York (66341). 

City : Sample of bay leaves, Pimenta 
acris, and 6 medicinal oils (65343, 

DOGNIN, Paul, Wimille, France : 200 
specimens of pyralidae (lepidop- 
terous insects) (66625). 

DOUGHTY, Edward Crosby, Wil- 
liamstown, Mass. : Framed photo- 
graphic enlargement on Japanese 
tissue (66396). 

DUKES, W. C, Mobile, Ala. : 10 speci- 
mens of a moth, Aefferia tepperi, 
new to the Museum collections 

DUNN, L. H., Ancon, Canal Zone: 8 
mosquitoes (66201) ; fly, Pseudol- 
fersia mexicancu (66228). 

York City: 7 samples of novelty 
silk fabric woven at Hazleton, Pa. 

New York City : An embossed book- 
binding of fabrikoid, in imitation of 
leather (66583). 

DUTTON, D. Lewis, Brandon, Vt. : 17 
plants, chiefly from Vermont 

DYAR, Dr. H. G., U. S. National Mu- 
seum : 350 crane flies from the Pa- 
cific Northwest (65682). 

EARLE, Charles T., Palma Sola, 
Fla. : A collection of fragmentary 
bones and teeth of fossil vertebrates 
(66138) ; 22 specimens of fragmen- 
tary bones and teeth from the Pleis- 
tocene of Florida (66505). 

(See also under Harry Walling). 

EARLE, Charles T., and Harry 
Walling, Palma Sola, Fla. : Fossil 
bones and teeth from Bishops Har- 
bor, Fla. (66690). 

EARLE, Sir Lionel. (See under 
British Government, H, M. Office of 



liamsburg, Va. (through Prof. Don- 
ald W. Davis) : Portions of a fossil 
whale skeleton (65635). 

EBERT, Col. R. G., Vancouver, Wash. : 
Plant, Vancouveria hexandra 

GRAVING CO., THE, Cleveland, 
Ohio : A chart showing the various 
halftone screen effects, 5 photo- 
graphs, and some miscellaneous 
pamphlets (15 specimens) (66804). 

EDMONDSON, Dr. C. H. (See under 
Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, 
Honolulu, Hawaii.) 

EGBERT, A. O., Prescott, Ariz, 
(through F. L. Hess) : Specimen of 
hewettite in gypsum from Paradox 
Valley, Montrose County, Colo. 

EGGLESTON, W. W. (See under 
Charles C. Deam.) 

EIGENMANN, Dr. C. H. (See under 
Indiana University Museum.) 

ELLIOTT, William E., Chicago, 111. 
(through F. L. Hess) : Sample of 
rock showing the occurrence of radio- 
active minerals, and a small piece of 
pitchblende (65994). 

ELLIS, L. L., Oruro, Bolivia (through 
F. L. Hess) : Specimen of crystal- 
lized wolframite and 1 of cassiterite 
from Bolivia (65220). 

ELLSWORTH, E. K. (See under 
Council of National Defense.) 

ELLSWORTH, Lincoln, New York 
City : A piece weighing 78 pounds 
cut from the Owns Valley, Calif., 
meteorite (66591, exchange). 

EMERY, D. L., St. Petersburg, Fla.: 
50 specimens, 3 species, of Crepidula, 
and 11 lots of marine shells from 
the west coast of Florida (65862, 
65575) ; 3 species of marine shells 
from St. Petersburg and Longboat 
Inlet, West Florida (65989) ; 7 
species of marine shells from south- 
west Florida, between Longboat In- 
let and Caseys Pass, and 1 species 
from San Diego County, Calif. 
(66132) ; 4 specimens of mollusks, 
Marginella, 1 of them from Gulf- 
port, Fla., and 50 specimens of De- 
tracia bulloides, 1 of them from 
Boca Ceiga Bay, Fla. (66320). 

ENGBERG, Dr. C. C, University of 
Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebr. : 21 lots of 
mollusks from the west coast of the 
United States (65632) ; 12 specimens 
representing 3 species of marine 
sheUs from Olga, Wash. (65703) ; 
5 specimens, 1 species, of freshwater 
mollusks from Fidalgo Island, and 1 
alga (66512). 

ENGELHARDT, Geoege P., Brooklyn 
Institute of Arts and Sciences, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. : 100 specimens of 
Microlepidoptera from Long Island, 
N. Y. (65559) ; 3 specimens of rob- 
ber flies collected by the donor at 
Great Falls, Va., October, 20, 1920 

WASHINGTON. (See under Prof. 
Otto Scheerpeltz and Prof. Emil 

EPLER, Mrs. Ltjltt Hiixeary, Govans, 
Baltimore, Md. : 2 glass decanters 
formei'ly owned by Henry Clay 

HAINA, Santo Domingo, Dominican 
Republic: 43 plants (66729). 

EVANS, Prof. Alexander W., Osborn 
Botanical Laboratory, Yale Univer- 
sity, New Haven, Conn. : Specimen of 
hepatic from Jamaica (65496). 

EVANS, Victor J., Washington, D. C. : 
2 hand-print cloths of the Moros, 
Philippine Islands (66280, ex- 

FAIR, Henry, Spokane, Wash, 
(through Mr. L. K. Armstrong) : 
Basalts from the emnrons of Spo- 
kane, Wash. (66309). 

FAIRMAN, Charles E., Washington, 
D. C. : 4 gum prints and 1 platinum 
print (66723). 

FANTUS, Bernard, Chicago, 111.: 49 
specimens illustrating candy medica- 
tion for children (66070). 

FAR WELL, Oliver A., Detroit, Mich. : 
Plant, Amaranthus, from Michigan 
(65429) ; plant, Lacmaria, from Mis- 
sissippi (65839). 

FAWCETT, C. T., Fawcett Gap, Va.: 
Grooved stone ax and 9 chipped ar- 
rowheads collected at Fawcett Gap, 
Va. (66157). 



PAYSSOUX, H. A., Hollister, N. C. : 3 
pearls found in oysters from Norfok, 
Va. (66250). 

FAZ, AxFKEDo, Valparaiso, Chile: A 
collection of Diptera, comprising 45 
species and approximately 130 speci- 
mens (65313, exchange). 

FELIPPONE, Dr. Florentino, Monte- 
video, Uruguay: 11 crustaceans (1 
barnacle, 6 shrimps, 4 crabs) ; a 
sponge, 45 mollusks, 2 echinoderms, 
1 fish and a collection of insects 
(65373) ; 5 specimens representing 5 
species of South American fresh- 
water mollusks (65564, exchange) ; 
a miscellaneous lot of specimens, in- 
cluding echinoderms, crustaceans, 
mollusks, insects, reptiles, and fishes 

FELLOWS, Dr. Dana W., Fort Kent, 
Me. : 690 plants from Maine (65360). 

FERNALD, Dr. H. T., Department of 
Entomology, Massachusetts Agricul- 
tural College, Amherst, Mass.: 2 
cuckoo bees (65664). 

FERRISS, James H., Joliet, IlL: 5 
specimens of cacti (65430, 65522) ; 9 
plants (cacti) (65460, exchange). 

HISTORY, Chicago, 111. (through 
Dr. C. F. MiUspaugh) : 22 plants 
from the Santa Catalina Islands, 
Calif. (66477, exchange). 

FISHBACK, Clifford L., Washington, 
D. C. : Salamander collected on 
Blagden's Estate, from a pool near 
Piney Branch (66235). 

FISHER, George L., Houston, Tex.: 
306 plants (65584) ; 28 plants, chiefly 
from Texas (66072). 

FLEMING, J. H., Toronto, Ontario, 
Canada: 6 bird skins from Celebes 
(65922, exchange). 

FLETT, J. B., Ashford, Longmire 
Springs, Wash, (through Prof. C. V. 
Piper) : 20 plants and 7 ferns from 
Washington (66159, 66379). 

FLORANCE, E. L., Jr., New York 
City: Cloth shoulder device of the 
Eighty-first Division, United States 
Army, worn during the World War 

versity of Florida, Gainesville, Fla. : 
Vertebra of a fin - back whale 
(65992) ; 2 mollusks from Gulfport, 
representing the species Turbonilla 
iPyrgiscus) (66333). 

cultural Experiment Station, Gaines- 
ville, Fla. (through J. R. Watson) : 
20 specimens of thrips (65676). 

FLOURNOR, J. C, Laredo, Tex.: 
Mexican archeological specimens, to- 
gether with several frauds (66025, 

FLYNN, AsHBY T., U. S. National Mu- 
seum : Combination jackknife, and a 
cigar ease, gilt lacquer with minia- 
ture, about 1800 (65317, 66194). 

FOERSTE, Dr. August F., Steele 
High School, Dayton, Ohio; Cast of 
a rare Silurian crinoid type, and a 
specimen of Dayton flood laminated 
mud (65725) ; cast of 32 type speci- 
mens of Paleozoic cephalopods 

FOOTE, Dr. J. S., Creighton Uni 
versify, Omaha, Nebr. : A needle- 
work illustration of enlarged micro- 
scopic views of animal cells and 
tissues, and blood crystals, embroid- 
ered in colored silks on linen by the 
wife of the donor (65528). 

FORBES, Dr. S. A. (See under Illi- 
nois State Natural History Survey, 
Urbana, 111.) 

FORNANZINI, Gervaso, Valtellina, 
Lanzada, Italy: Detachable fi-ont 
gun sight for a double-barrel gun 
(Italian) (65338). 

FORTIE, M, J., Indianapolis, Ind. : 
Mosquito, ToxorliuncMtes brevipal- 
pis, from Africa (66296). 

FOSHAG, W. F., U. S. National Mu- 
seum : A group of pink beryl crystals 
from San Diego County, Calif. 

FOSS, Haeold. (See under J. H. 

FOSTER, C. L., Kiating, Szechuan, 

China: 16 fragments of rocks, and 

14 specimens of invertebrate fossils 

from China (66592, 65979). 



THE, Clintonville, Wis.: Model ot 
four-wheel-drive ammunition truck 
of the type used by the United 
States Army during the World War 

rOX, R. A., Dawson, Yukon, Canada . 
Specimen of asbestos (65883). 

FRAME, A. M., Sutton, W. Va. : Speci- 
men of pisolitic siderite (66172). 

FRAXK, Chakles L., Washington, D. 
C. : 300 Japanese match-box labels 
printed in color and in black and 
white (65354) ; lithograph by Jules 
Arnout partly printed in color, 
partly colored by hand (66582). 

FREEMAN, Miss I. C. (See under 
Mrs. B. F. Buckingham.) 

FREEMAN, O. M., Washington, D. C. : 
4 plants from the District of Co- 
lumbia (65405, 65741. 66561). 


Bureau of Information, New York 
City (through Maj. Jean Malye, 
Director ) : Military relics of the 
World War (47 specimens) 

FRENCH, Col. WiLLABD (through Mrs. 
Louise D. French, Washington, D. 
C.) : Mechanical navigator — a math- 
ematical instrument for the purpose 
of solving all problems in spherical 
triangles which arise in navigation 
(65609, loan). 

FRIESE, Dr. H., Schwerin, Mecklen- 
burg, Germany : 45 specimens, rep- 
resenting 80 species, of bees (66299, 

FROST, C, A., Framingham, Mass.: 
Male cotype of weevil, Allaiidrus 
brevicornis (65902). 

FROST, G. Allan, Tubbenden Cot- 
tage, Farnborough, Kent, England: 
13 specimens of English Silurian 
and Mesozoic fossils (66454, ex- 

FROST, S. W., School of Agriculture 
and Experiment Station, the Penn- 
sylvania State College, Arendtsville, 
Pa. : 195 specimens of parasitic 
Hymenoptera (65909). 

FURTH, Charles. (See under Pho- 
togi'avure and Color Co.) 

GAERSTE, Dr. Thomas, Curacao, 
Dutch West Indies : 2 cicadas, Fidi- 
cina boffotana (65464) ; katydid, be- 
longing to the group Pseudo- 
phyllinae, and a lizard, Anolis linea- 
tus (65509) ; beetle, Ligyrus fossor 

GAINES, Marshall R. (See under 
Dr. Y. Hirase.) 

GALE, HoYT S., Hollywood, Los An- 
geles, Calif. : Samples of thenardite 
from Rhodes Marsh, Esmeralda 
County, Nev. (66442). 

RATION, East Greenwich, R, I.: 
Original Gallaudet hydroplane model 

GANDOGER, Dr. Michel, Arnos 
(Rhone) par Villefranche, France: 
5 plants (66006). 

GARDENER, Mrs. Helen H. (See 
under National American Woman's 
Suffrage Association. ) 

GARFIELD, A^bram. (See under Mrs. 
G. Stanley-Brow^n.) 

GARFIELD, Dr. Haert A. (See un- 
der Mrs. G. Stanley-Brovm and 
Williams College.) 

GARFIELD, Irwin McD. (See under 
Mrs. G. Stanlej'-Brown.) 

GARFIELD, James R. (See under 
Mrs. G. Stanley-Brown.) 

GARMAN, Prof. H., Kentucky Agri- 
cultural Experiment Station, Lex- 
ington, Ky. : Plant, and 2 micro- 
scopic slides containing fresh-water 
Entomostraca from Frankfort, Ky. 
(65191, 65207). 

GARRETT, Prof. A. O., Salt Lake 
City, Utah: 2 plants, Selaginella-, 
from Utah (65362, 65385). 

GARRETT, C, Cranbrook, British 
Columbia, Canada : 300 mosquitoes 

GARVIN, Miss Eliza, Fort Wayne, 
Ind. (through H. Walton Clark) : 
144 specimens of Japanese algae, 8 
bryozoans, and 5 hydrozoans (66502, 

GEDEIST, Oliver. (See under Moni- 
tor Stove Co., The.) 

GEE, Prof. N. Gist, Summerton, S. C. : 
84 specimens representing 32 species 
of marine mollusks from China 



GEE. Prof. N. Gist— Continued. 

(65649) ; 16 vials of insects and 7 
vials of crustaceans (66488) ; lot of 
fresh-water sponges from a jQsh pond 
and 3 fragmentary specimens of 
millipeds from Summerfcon, S. C. 
GEISER, Samuel W. (See under 
Commerce, Department of, Bureau 
of Fisheries.) 
TION, The Berlin, Germany 
(through Prof. Dr. R. Hartmeyer) : 
23 Antartic crinoids (65495). 
GEROULD, Dr. John H., Hanover, 
N. H. : 4 braconids, Apanteles flavi- 
conchae (65454). 
GERSTENBERG, E., Washington, 
D. C. : Skull of a hippopotamus 
GIDLEY, J. W., U. S. National Mu- 
seum : 16 cacti from Arizona (66260, 
GIES, Mrs. Edward L., Washington, 
D. C. : Chinese carved sandalwood 
fan in a lacquer box (66170). 
GIFFARD, Walter D., Honolulu, 
Hawaii : 83 specimens, 68 species, of 
marine shells from Hawaii (65499). 
GILBRETH, Frank B. (Inc.), Mont- 
clair, N. J. : 9 photographs illustrat- 
ing motion study and elimination of 
fatigue in industry (66763). 
GILKEY, Miss Helen M. (See under 

Oregon Agi-icultural College.) 
GILL, Mrs. Mary Wright, Washing- 
ton, D. C. : A Florence lock-stitch 
sewing machine. No. 69948 (65529, 
deposit) ; a blue-and-white double- 
woven coverlet (66143, exchange). 
GILMER, Capt. W. W., U. S. Navy, U. 
S. Naval Station. Guam : Skull bones 
found about a half mile north of the 
village of Yona, betv/een the Pago 
and Ylig rivers, Guam (65371). 
Baltimore, Md. : Specimen of sassa- 
fras pith (65653). 
GLEISSNER, Dr. Max J., U. S. Geo- 
logical Survey, Washington, D. C. : 
Specimen of lava from the 1920 
Kilauea flow (66649). 
GLOVER, Dr. Norman C. ( See under 
American Osteopathic Association), 

GLUCKSTEIN, Mrs. Sophia Roos, 
Washington, D. C. (through her 
daughters Fannie and Nina Gluck- 
stein. Print on silk, "Apotheosis of 
Shakespeare " (65376) . 

GOCHENOUR, Dr. David T., Stuarts 
Draft, Va. : 38 specimens, 8 species, 
of mollusks, including the type of a 
new subspecies, from the Philippines 


GODDARD, Dr. H. S., Vancouver, 
Wash. : Female Indian skull, found 
in the hills near the Yakima Indian 
Reservation. Wash. (65452) ; 5 
chipped blades (66436). 

GODING, Dr. F. W., American Consul 
General, Guayaquil, Ecuador: 1321 
specimens of Homoptera, including 
38 of Cicadellidae, 58 of Cicadidae, 
850 of Membracidae, 300 of Cico- 
pidae, and 75 of Fulgoridae (66147). 

GORDON, Alexander, Jr., Baltimore, 
Md. : Silver punch bowl with tray, 
ladle, and 10 mugs, presented to 
Col. George Armistead by citizens of 
Baltimore in recognition of his serv- 
ices in connection with the defense 
of Fort McHenry, against the Brit- 
ish attack in 1814 (66427). 

GORDON, Mrs. Mary E., East Frank- 
lin, Me. : Copy of the souvenir news- 
paper entitled " Boston, 1630-1880 " 
issued by Rand Avery & Co., Boston, 
September 17, 1880 (65624). 

Stora Anggarden, Dr. Carl Skotts- 
berg. Director: 84 ferns, mainly 
from Juan Fernandez (65520, ex- 

GOTTSCHALK, Alfred Louis Moreau 
(through Mrs. Louise Josephine Gott- 
schalk, executrix. New York City) : 
Small collection of antiquities, in- 
cluding specimens of Inca potteries, 
Aztec idol, Trojan lamps, etc., pot- 
tery and porcelains from Spanish 
America, Eastern brasses, and a col- 
lection of miscellaneous arms, be- 
queathed to the National Museum in 
memory of the late Prof. Otis T. 
Mason (65571). 



GRAHAM, Mrs. A. F., Washington, D. 
O. : Silk patchwork quilt embroid- 
ered with Odd Fellow emblems, 
made by Mrs. Eliza Rozenkrantz 
Hussey, grandmother of Mrs. Gra- 
ham, about 1845 (65537, loan). 

GRAHAM, DA^^D C, Suifu, Szechuan, 
China : Collection of insects, reptiles 
and batrachians, shells, 8 birds, 2 
mammals, 2 crabs, 2 fishes, an eel, 
and parasitic worms (65937) ; fos- 
sils and insects from China (66009) ; 
bird skins, fossils, insects, a leech, 
a bat and a reptile from China 

GRANT, J. M., Langley, Wash.: 45 
plants, and 150 specimens of crypto- 
gamic plants from the western 
United States (66192, 66520). 

GRAVES, E. W., Bentonsport, Iowa: 
74 plants from Iowa (65840) ; 72 
plants (66275, exchange). 

GRAY, L. J., Iron City, Tenn. : Phos- 
phatic minerals from Iron City, 
Tenn. (65599). 

GREENE, F. C, Tulsa, Okla. : 15 
ferns from Oklahoma and Missouri ; 
plant, OpMoglossum, from Kansas ; 
plant, Selaginella, from Oklahoma 
(65349, 65427, 65521). 

GREENE, George M., Philadelphia, 
Pa. : Dipterous gall on stem of 
hackberry, Cecidomyia, new species 

GREGER, D. K., Fulton, Mo.: Speci- 
men of ammonite from Pettis 
County, Mo. (65275, exchange) ; 3 
blastoids from the Carboniferous of 
Oklahoma, and 1 crinoid from the 
Carboniferous of Texas (66202, ex- 
change) ; an exhibition specimen of 
cephalopod from the Lower Missis- 
sippian of Missouri (66351) ; fossil 
crinoid, Cactocrinus, from Marion 
Count, Mo. (66462, exchange). 

GRIFFIN, W. W., Paskenta, Calif.: 
Skin of a gopher, Thomomys, from 
Paskenta (65662), 

GRIFFITH, Chauncey H., New York 
City: Martin Luther Bible, dated 
1748 (66197). 

GRIMES, Mrs. G. S., Washington, D. 
C. (through George Harris) : 1 black 
negative silhouette, made about the 
year 1895 (65800). 


Direccion General de Agricultura, 
Guatemala City (through Seiior 
Don Adolfo Tonduz) : 358 
plants, ferns, and cacti from 
Guatemala (66261, 66371, 66421, 
66476, 66602). 

City (through F. L. Hess) : Copper 
minerals from Chuquicamata, Chile 

GUITERREZ, Seiior Josfi N., Campo 
Duran, Province de Salta, Argen- 
tina, via Embarcacion (through Dr. 
Edwin Kirk) : Bead pouch, 4 cord 
beaded bracelets, and 2 earrings 

GUNNELL, L. C, Smithsonian Insti- 
tution : 27 specimens of halftone 
color printing (65329). 

HAAGNER, A. K., Pretoria, Union of 
South Africa : Skin of a monkey, 
Lasiopyga pygerythra, from North 
Rhodesia, Africa (65892). 

HABERYAN, H. D., Farmersville, La. : 
Dragonfly, Progomphus, species 

of Public Works, Office of the Engi- 
neer in Chief, Port au Prince, Haiti 
(through Director of the U. S. Geo- 
logical Survey, Washington, D. C.) : 
6 boxes of geological material col- 
lected in Haiti by Wendell P. Wood- 
ring (66093) ; 17 boxes of geological 
material from the Republic of Haiti 

HALE, Prof. Geokge E., Mount Wilson 
Solar Observatory, Pasadena, Calif. : 
2 photographs of the moon (65326). 

HALL, Mrs. Caklotta C, Berkeley, 
Calif. : 3 plants, Selaginella, from 
Colorado (65805). 

HALL, Prof. H. M. (See under Cali- 
fornia, University of, Department of 
Botany. ) 

Pa. : Framed panel of parts used in 
Hamilton watches (66052). 

HAMLIN, John, Miami, Fla. : Male 
and female specimens of the fly 
Neorondama (66229). 



Louis, Mo. : A framed portrait of 
Mr. L. P. Hammer (66195.) 

HANKS, Dr. Maby E., Ctiicago, 111. 
(througli Dr. W. A. Dewey, Ann Ar- 
bor, Mich.) : An old homeopathic 
medicine case (66733). 

HANSEN, Peteb L., Washington, D. 
C. : Pair of wooden shoes from Bloo- 
hoj, Denmark (66083). 

HARDING, James E., Potrerillos, 
Chile: 28 plants from Chile (65759). 

HARLAN, Habby, Louisville, Ky. : A 
geode simulating a fossil ear of corn 

HARPER, R. M., State Geological 
Survey, Tallahassee, Fla. : 9 plants 
(65346, 66419). 

HARRINGTON, Geoege L., U. S. Geo- 
logical Survey, Washington, D. C. : 
16 specimens, 10 species, of land- 
shells from Bolivia, Chile,' and 
Argentina, and 20 specimens, 3 
species, of marine shells from 
Alaska (65861, 66038) ; 2 landshells 
from Villa Monies, Bolivia (66007). 

HARRIS & EWING, Washington, D. 
C. : A bromoil, framed, of Andrew 
Carnegie (65924). 

HARRIS, Geoege. (See under Mrs. 
G. S. Grimes.) 

HARRIS, Gbaham H., Casa Marina, 
Key West, Fla. : Dorsal and anal 
fins of the threadfish, Alectis 

HARRIS, J. Aethue, Grantsville, 
Utah: 24 amphipod crustaceans, 
Oammarus Uninaeus, from Ice Spring 
Craters, Sevier Desert, Utah (65325). 

HARRISON, Mrs. W. La Rue, Domin- 
ion Heights, Cherrydale, Va. : Sword 
and scabbard, belt, sash, pair of 
gauntlets, and pair of spurs, in oak 
case, presented to Bvt. Brig. Gen. 
Marcus La Rue Harrison, U. S. Vol- 
unteers, in 1864, when colonel, by the 
officers and men of his command, 
the First Arkansas Cavalry (65314). 
HARTMAN, Rev. W., Shenchowfu, 
China (through the American Con- 
sul, Changsha, China) : 2 original 
photographs showing poppy fields in 
bloom (65547). 

HARTMEYER, Prof. Dr. R. (See 
under German South Polar expedi- 
tion, The.) 
HARTNELL, Geobge, Cheltenham, 
Md. : Ruby-crowned kinglet, Regulus 
calendula, from Maryland (65364). 
Mass. : 
Arnold Arboretum: (Jamaica 
Plain) (through C. S. Sargent) : 
Plant, Campnosperma, from Pan- 
ama (65590) ; 2,019 plants from 
the United States (66149, ex- 
Gray Herbarium (through B. L. 
Robinson, Curator) : 23 plants 
from Trinidad; 17 photographs 
of type specimens of plants; 3 
plants, Selaginella, from the 
western United States ; 2 plants, 
Lophiola, from Nova Scotia 
(65574, 65742, 65767, 66482, ex- 
Museum of Comparative Zoology: 
10 lizards from Peru collected 
by the Harvard Peru expedition 
(66437, exchange). 

TION, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands 
(through Dr. Francis X. Williams) : 
18 paratypes of Philippine wasps 
(65328) ; 16 wasps nests from the 
Philippine Islands, collected by 
Doctor Williams (65598) ; (through 
Mi-, p. H. Timberlake) 22 specimens 
representing 6 species of determined 
bees, 2 of which are new to the Mu- 
seum collections, and 6 specimens 
of an undetermined chrysididid 

HAWVER, Mrs. Elizabeth Pabsons, 
Bolinas, Marin County, Calif. : Fern, 
Polystichum munitum, from Califor- 
nia (66068). 

HAY, Dr. O. P., Carnegie Institution 
of Washington, Washington, D. C. : 
Pueblo Indian skull (66741, ex- 

( See also under Dr. J. C. Branner, 
Frank Janes, and Dr. Adolph H. 



HAYES, William McKim, Baltimore, 
Md. : A lot of 15 pieces representing 
cetaceans, and several shark's teeth, 
from Calvert Miocene Cliffs, just be- 
low Chesapeake Beach, Md. (65461). 

HAYNES, Caroline C, Highlands, N. 
J. : 29 specimens of Hepaticae from 
the United States (65867) ; plant, 
Seloginclla, from California (65963). 

HAZEN, Prof. T. E., Barnard College, 
Columbia University, New York 
City: 26 photographs of Trinidad 
plants (65216). 

HEATON, Mr. and Mrs. Franklin A., 
Kanab, Utah: Archeological objects 
from a cave on the east slope of 
Mount Trumbull, northwestern Ari- 
zona (65541). 

HEBARD, Morgan, Philadelphia Acad- 
emy of Natural Sciences, Philadel- 
phia, Pa. : 130 specimens of North 
American Orthoptera from the pri- 
vate collection of Mr. Hebard 
(65791, exchange). 

HEBERLEIN, C. A., Supai, Ariz.: 14 
specimens of lead and vanadium 
minerals (66715, exchange). 

HEIDEMANN, Mrs. Mica, Chevy 
Chase, Md. : Gold watch, thin model, 
silver dial, Swiss make, about the 
period of 1860 (66501). 

HEIGHWAY, Dr. A. E., Alexandria, 
Va. : Samples of tin ore from Battle 
Mountain, Nev., and of wulfenite 
from Tecoma, Nev. (65265) ; 2 speci- 
mens of powellite replacing molyb- 
denite (65281) ; specimen of long- 
fibered chrysotile asbestos (65443). 

HEIKES, Victor C. (See under 
George H. Short and W. H. Wey- 
her. ) 

HEITMULLER, Anton, Washington, 
D. C. : Indian beads, crucifix, wood 
carving, horn spill holder, brass 
candlestick, brass swivel lamp, and 
poker (66434, 66475). 
HELLER, A. A., Chico, Calif. : 6 plants 
from Oregon and California (66317). 
VERSITATIS (through Dr. Valio 
Korvenkontio) : 8 skulls and 13 
skins of small mammals from Fin- 
land (66535, exchange). 

HENDERSON, John B., Washington, 
D. C. : Sponge, hydroid, 8 annelids, 
170 crustaceans, 2,500 mollusks, 3 
ascidians, 15 fishes, 5 fungi, echino- 
derms, and about 50 fossils collected 
in Hawaii by Messrs. Henderson and 
Bartsch (65581). 
HENRY, Miss Caroline, Washington, 
D. C. (through American Security 
& Trust Co.) : 169 pieces of Japa- 
nese blue porcelain (66550, be- 
HENSHAW, Henry W., Cosmos Club, 
Washington, D. C. : Plant from 
Massachusetts (65384). 
HERIBERTO, Brother. (See under 
Colegio de San Pedro Apostol, Car- 
tagena, Colombia.) 
HERRE, Albert C, Washington State 
Normal School, Beilingham, Wash. : 
79 lichens, 58 mounted specimens of 
plants, and 301 plants (65228, 65264, 
HERRERA, Dr. A. L. (See under 

Mexican Government.) 
HERTRICH, William, San Gabriel, 

Calif.: Plant (66613). 
HESS, Frank L., U. S. Geological 
Survey, Washington, D. C. : Tin and 
tungsten ores from Bolivia, collected 
for the Museum (66469). 

(See also under A. O. Egbert, 
W. E. Elliott, L. L. Ellis, T. 
Hirabayashi, W. J. Loring, 
Orser-Kraft Feldspar (Ltd.), 
Radium Co. of Colorado (Inc.), 
J. F. Aguilar Revoredo, Alex- 
ander R. Shepherd, 2d, Prof. 
Joseph T. Singewald, and Don 
HEUVRARD, H. (See under Bona- 
parte, Prince Roland, Herbarium 
HEWETT, D. F., U. S. Geological 
Survey, Washington, D. C. : Fossils 
and minerals from Cuba (65190). 
HIBBARD, Raymond R., Buffalo, N. 
Y. : 87 specimens of Devonian cono- 
douts from western New York 
(65233) ; 500 specimens of fossil in- 
vertebrates from the Hamilton 
group, 18 Mile Creek, Erie County, 
N. Y. (65442) ; collection of Silurian 



HIBBARD. Raymond R.— Continued, 
and Devonian fossils (conodonts 
and annelid remains) from New 
York (65619, exchange). 

HIBBERD, Miss JocELYN P., Wasii- 
ington, D. C. : Collection of stone ar- 
row and spear heads gathered by the 
donor from Willistown Township, 
Chester County, Pa., 8 miles from 
Valley Forge (65749). 

HIGGINSON, Mrs. F. L. (See under 
Woman's Liberty Loan Committee of 
New England.) 

HILL, Fredeeick W. (See under An- 
drew .7. Leach.) 

HILL, Dr. Gerald P., Australian In- 
stitute of Tropical Medicine, Hos- 
pital, Townsville, North Queensland, 
Australia (through U. S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, Bureau of En- 
tomology, Washington, D. C.) : 73 
named Australian insects (66200). 

HILL, J, H., Managing Director, 
Ghazipur Opium Factory, Ghazipur, 
India (through Harold R. Foss, 
American Consul in Charge, Cal- 
cutta, India) : 10 photographs of 
poppy cultivation and opium manu- 
facture in India (65674). 

HINE, Prof. .James S., Ohio State Uni- 
versity, Columbus, Ohio : 3 speci- 
mens of Hymenoptera, Aphelinus 
semiflavidus, and 1 specimen of 
Pli orocera ( 65952 ) . 

HINKLEY, A. A., Du Bois, 111.: 414 
landshells from Arizona (6.5287). 

HINSDALE, F. Gilbert, New York 
City : 7 specimens of whaling appa- 
ratus (66767, exchange). 

HIORAM, Brother. (See under 
Colegio del Sagrada Corazon, Guan- 
tanamo, Oriente, Cuba. 

HIPSHER, Edward, Morris College, 
Barboursville, W\ Va. : 4 living 
plants (65263, exchange.) 

HIRABAYASHI, T., Bureau of Mines, 
Tokyo, Japan (through Mr. F. L. 
Hess) : Samples of rare earth min- 
erals from Japan (65915). 

HIRASE, Dr. Y., Okazaki, Kyoto, Ja- 
pan (through Marshall R. Gaines) : 
A collection of mollusks from the 
Japanese islands, embracing 3,843 
lots (66510). 

HITCHCOCK, Prof. A. S. (See under 
G. C. Munro.) 

HOES, Mrs. R. G., Wasliington, D. C. : 
Lady's straw bonnet used in Vir- 
ginia during the period prior to the 
Civil W^ar (66712, loan). 

(See also under Mrs. Isabel Rives, 
Mrs. Maddiu Summers, and 
Mrs. William H. Walker.) 

HOFF, Mrs. John Van Renssalaer, 
Washington, D. C. : "The Colonel 
John Van Renssalaer HofC Collec- 
tion " comprising Chinese and 
Japanese jade and bronze, Philip- 
pine brass, and Porto Rican and 
American Indian specimens (65251). 

HOGAN, Mrs. Louise, Neponsit, Long 
Island, N. Y. : Cashmere shawl 
(66753, loan). 

HOLLAND, Dr. W. J. (See under 
Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, Pa.) 

HOLLISTER, N., Washington, D. C. : 
Thrush, Bylocichla, species, from 
W^ashington, D. C. (65477) ; head of 
a ring-necked duck, Marila collaris, 
from Wisconsin (65636). 

HOLMES, Joseph A., 2d, Casper, 
Wyo. : 6 cacti (66559). 

HOLWAY, Prof. E. W. D., University 
of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn. : 
Cactus from Chile (65810). 

(See also under Minnesota, Uni- 
versity of.) 

HOLZMAN, Jacob, Reed College, Port- 
land, Oreg. : 7 slugs from Oregon 

HOPKINS, Mrs. Archibald, Washing- 
ton, D. C. : Cambric frock worn by 
Charlotte Brooks Everett about 1830 

HORN, Dr. Walther. (See under 
Deutsches Entomologisches Mu- 

HOTCHKISS, Dr. W. O., State Geolo- 
gist, Madison, Wis. (through Dr. E. 
O. Ulrich) : 1,000 specimens of 
Upper Cambrian fossils from Wis- 
consin (65322). 

HOUGH, Miss Catherine, U. S. Na- 
tional Museum : 30 Devonian fossils 
from Pennsylvania (65406). 

HOUGH, Dr. Walter, U. S. National 
Museum : Archeological objects from 
Keetzeel, and Zuni region, Arizona 



HOUGH, Dr. Walter — Continued. 
(65302) ; 2 beetles collected in Ari- 
zona during the summer of 1920 
(65754) ; 2 stone pipes found about 
30 years ago, one near Morgantown, 
W. Va., and the other near Chain 
Bridge, Md. (65848) ; lantern, spirit 
stove, lamp, lighters, etc., hand 
bracket, saw frame, battledore, and 
Hd of coiled basket (66474). 

HOWARD, Dr. C. W. ( See under Can- 
ton Christian College.) 

HRDLICKA, Dr. A., U. S. National 
Museum: Skull of a cat, FeUs catus, 
from Cleveland Park, D. C. (65661). 

HUBBARD, H. W., American Board 
Mission, Peking, China: 26 bird 
skins from North China (66652). 

HUBERT, H. Edwaed, New Orleans, 
La. : 5 crawfish, 3 shrimps, 1 earth- 
worm, and 2 fishes (66373). 

HUCKEL, Eakxe Wentworth, Ger- 
mantown, Philadelphia, Pa.: Collec- 
tion of prints, consisting of etchings, 
engravings, lithographs, wood en- 
gravings, and photomechanical 
prints and one sixteenth century 
bookbinding (125 specimens) 

(65647) ; a collection of about 317 
Bewick wood engravings and 272 
American wood engravings dated 
about 1825-1835, and 85 miscellane- 
ous prints (674 specimens) (65972). 

HUNNEWELL, F. W., Cambridge, 
Mass. (through Dr. Frederick V. 
Coville) : Plants from the District of 
Columbia (65679). 

HUNTER, Dakd, Chillicothe, Ohio: 
Handmade paper exhibit consist- 
ing of rags, half-stuff, animal size, 
hand molds, and various styles of 
wateiTnarks, dies, and casts for light 
and shade watermarks; water- 
marked paper and photographs of 
beating machines and one of a model 
of a handmade paper mill in the 
Science Museum in London, England 
(66264) ; 2 books, The Etching of 
Figures, by William A. Bradley, 
with an artist proof etching by Wil- 
liam A. Levy, and The Etching of 
Contemporary Life, by Frank Wei- 
tenkampf, with an artist proof etch- 

HUNTER. Dard — Continued, 
ing by Ernest D. Roth, each being 
entirely the work of the donor, who 
made the paper, designed the type, 
cut the steel punches, struck the 
matrices, cast the tj^pe, and printed 
the books all by hand (66548). 
HUNTINGTON, Dr. George S. (See 

under Columbia University.) 
HYDE, Mrs. Charles C, Washington, 
D. C. : Cowichan Indian blanket with 
totemic painting (66584). 
HYDE, Frederick B., Washington, 
D. C. : Skin and skull of a deer, 
Odocoileus, collected in Maine 
HYDE, John, Washington, D. C. : 2 
fans from Capri, a pair of old Eng- 
lish pattens, an old English hat 
stretcher, and an English tassel (or 
teazle) used in the preparation of 
woolen cloth (65223). 
ICE, Miss Cleo, U. S. National Mu- 
seum : Grooved stone ax found in 
the valley of the Cottonwood River, 
Chase County, Kans., by Mr. R. A. 
Ice (66176). 
IHERING, Dr. Hermann von, Buenos 
Aires, Argentina: 3 specimens, 2 
species, of crabs from Florinapolis, 
Brazil (66232). 
ILLINGWORTH, Dr. J. F., Meringa 
near Cairns, North Queensland, Aus- 
tralia : 66 flies from Australia 
TORY SURVEY, Urbana, 111. 
(through Dr. S. A. Forbes) : 12 
specimens of Cynipidae, " cotypes " 
of 5 species described by Prof. C. P. 
Gillette (66635, exchange). 
bana, 111. (through Dr. Frank C. 
Baker) : 16 specimens, 2 species (1 
amphipod and 15 isopods) from Win- 
nebago Lake, Wis. (66458). 
OGY. (See under British Govern- 
3 stages, larva, pupa, and adult, of 
Sagra, species, collected at Malles- 
war, India, November 24, 1920, in 
the stem of Chaprada avarc (65797). 




Indian INIuseum, Calcutta, India 
(tlirougli Dr. B. Prastiad) : 8 speci- 
mens, 5 species, of fresliwater mol- 
lusks from India, Ceylon, and the 
Solomon Islands (66494, exchange). 

Bloomington, Ind. (through Dr. C. 
H. Eigenmann) : 250 fishes collected 
by the Irwin expedition to Chile and 
Peru, 1919 (66451, exchange). 
Formosa, Japan (through Dr. M. 
Oshima) : 56 specimens, 16 species, 
of crustaceans from Formosa 
Colombia : Collections of anthropo- 
logical material and fossils from Co- 
lombia (65245) (through Brother 
Apollinaire-Marie) ; skins and skulls 
of 5 small mammals (65803, ex- 
change) ; (through Brother Ariste- 
Joseph and J. B. Reeside, jr.) : 4 
specimens of invertebrate fossils, 5 
fossil leaves, and fragmentary re- 
mains of vertebrate fossils (66394). 
Nunoa, Chile (through Brother 
Claude- Joseph) : 72 grasses (65372) ; 
342 plants from Chile (65780, 
66601) ; 97 plants (66507). 
Cuba (through Brother Leon) : 10 
specimens oi Passiflora (65899). 

U. S. Geological Survey: A small 
collection of carnotite minerals 
and associated ores made by 
Hoyt S. Gale, from Routt 
County, Colo. (65389) : A small 
collection of Eocene fossil plants 
comprising the types, figured 
specimens, and other material 
described by Prof. Edward W. 
Berry in Professional Paper 
125-A, U. S. Geological Survey 
(65539) ; a collection of 353 
species of Eocene fossil plants 
comprising the types, figured 
specimens, and other material 
described in U. S. Geological 
Survey Professional Paper 91, 


U. (8. Geological Survey — Contd. 
by Professor Berry (65542) ; 
rocks from the western New 
England and eastern New York 
lime belt, collected by Dr. T. 
Nelson Dale; also 27 boxes of 
thin sections (65544) ; 25 crates 
(250 drawers) of Silurian and 
Devonian invertebrate fossils, 
chiefly from Maine, with note 
books, lists, and other data con- 
cerning them by the late Prof. 
H. S. Williams (65591) ; portions 
of skull and jaws of a Plesio- 
saurian reptile, collected by Mr. 
John B. Reeside, jr., in south- 
western Colorado (65763) ; 4 
small lots of vertebrate fossils 
collected by Mr. W. T. Thorn, jr., 
in northeastern Montana 
(65779) ; foot bones of a fossil 
camel from near Dayville, Oreg. 
(65808) ; miscellaneous rock 
specimens from Montana, Colo- 
rado, and Washington, collected 
by Messi's. Hancock, Pishel, and 
Beekley (65966) ; specimen of 
creedite from a type locality, 
Wagon Wheel Gap, Colo., col- 
lected and described by Mr. E. 
S. Larsen (65967) ; 5 minerals 
(65980) ; a large piece of chal- 
cocite from Butte, Mont., col- 
lected by Mr. B. S. Butler 
(66050) ; 6 miscellaneous min- 
eral specimens (66134) ; fos- 
sils from the Coastal Plain re- 
gion of Texas, Louisiana, and 
Florida, collected by Mr. C. B. 
Hopkins (66209) ; 128 boxes of 
miscellaneous geological mate- 
rial, and seven trays of miscel- 
laneous collections (66301, 
66443, 66439) ; 20 specimens and 
15 thin sections from the molyb- 
denum mine near Questa, N. 
Mex., described by Messrs. E. S. 
Larsen and C. S. Ross in Eco- 
nomic Geology, November, 1920 
(66521) ; 5 specimens of plati- 
num-bearing covellite from 
Rambler mine, Wyoming 
(66594) ; collection of 31 rock 




U. S. Geological Survey — Contd. 
specimens from Western Aus- 
tralia (66622) ; rock carrying 
molybdenum - bearing halotricb- 
ite from the south side of Du- 
chesne River, 2 miles southwest 
of Ouray, Utah, collected by Mr. 
F, L. Hess in 1917 (66644) ; 2 
specimens of dike rock from 
Hall Quarry, Mount Desert 
Island, Me. (66672) ; duplicate 
phosphate specimens from west- 
ern phosphate fields of Utah, 
Idaho, and Wyoming, collected 
by Messrs. H. S. Gale, R. W. 
Richards, and E. Blackwelder 
( See also under Haiti, Republic of, 
B. Leo Laird and Dr. Frederick 
W. Sardeson.) 
York City: Specimen of sandstone 
used as a pulp stone in grinding 
wood for paper making (65514). 

Ames, Iowa (through Dr. L. H. 
Pammel ) : 9 flies and beetles 

Iowa City, lowd. (through Prof. C. C. 
Nutting) : 71 ophiurans from the 
University's Barbados - Antigua ex- 
pedition (65732). 

JACKSON, Prof. H. S., Department of 
Botany, Purdue University, Lafay- 
ette, Ind. : Specimen of rust from 
Indiana (65781). 

JACKSON, Ralph W., Cambridge, 
Md. : 2 skins of horned larks, genus 
Otocoris; 38 specimens, 12 species, 
of mollusks and larva of 2 species of 
insects, all from Maryland (65366, 
66435) ; skin and skull of a squirrel. 
Sciurus (66338) ; 51 specimens, 9 
species, of mollusks from Little 
Choptank River, Md., including one 
type specimen (66340). 

JACKSON, Rear Admiral R. H., U. S. 
Navy. ( See under Mrs. Margaret A. 
S. Smith.) 

JAEGER, Edmund C, Palm Springs. 
Calif. : 3 plants, Sclagmella, from 
California (66407). 

JAGGER, Prof. T. A., Volcano House, 
Hawaii (through Dr. H. S. Wash- 
ington, Washington, D. C.) : A mass 
of filamentous basalt (Pele's Hair) 
from Kilauea Crater, Hawaiian 
Islands (65784). 

JAMES, H., Bisbee, Ariz. : Tooth of an 
extinct species of horse (66247). 

.JAMES, Mrs. Julian-, Washington, D. 
C. : Purple boudoir cap (65241, 
loan) ; cut-glass night lamp of the 
period of 1850 (65554) ; gold locket 
containing portraits of Mr. and Mrs. 
James, June 17, 1869 (65565, loan) ; 
dress worn by Mrs. Julian-James at 
the Colonial Ball held at the New 
Willard Hotel, Washington, D. C, 
on March 31, 1921, when she repre- 
sented her sixth great-grandmother, 
Mrs. Hugh Mason (66445, loan). 
(See also under Mrs. George L. 
Andrews, Mrs. Charles W. Rich- 
ardson, and Mrs. J. Kearny 
Warren. ) 

JANDORF, Morton L., York, Pa.: 5 
specimens of zinc minerals (66215, 

JANES, F K A N K, Truman, Ark. 
(through Dr. O. P. Hay) : Fragment 
of a tooth and a part of a dorsal 
vertebra of a mastodon (66428). 

JARDIN BOTANICO, Trinidad, Para- 
guay (Dr. Carlos Fiebrig, Superin- 
tendent) : 20 living cacti and 3 pack- 
ages of seeds (65282, exchange). 

JENKINS, C. Francis, Washington, 
D. C. : A model high-speed motion- 
picture camera for the analysis of 
motion (66500) ; a motion-picture 
camera with a vertical reciprocating 
motion of lens barrel and film (no 
lens), and a motion-picture camera 
with a longitudinal reciprocating 
motion of lens barrel and film, 
Tessar Lens, Tessar, No. 133,854, 
Carl Zeiss (65552, loan). 

JOHANSEN, Feits, Victoria Memorial 
Museum, Ottawa, Canada: 9 speci- 
mens of amphipods representing 2 
species, consisting of 3 specimens 



JOHANSEN, Frits— Continued, 
of Gammarns limnaeus and 6 speci- 
mens of Eyalella aztcca (65782) ; 
3 specimens of crustaceans, Lepi- 
durus couesii, from Alberta, Can- 
ada, and 3 specimens of Ilyalella 
asteca- from James Bay, Ontario 
(G5S37) ; 9 sea urchins, Strongylo- 
centrotus drohachiensis, and a star- 
fish, Asterias acervata horealis, all 
from Hudson Bay (66056). 

Baltimore, Md. : Types and para- 
types of mollusca from Bowden, Ja- 
maica, described by W. P. Wood- 
ring (65234, deposit). 

JOHNSON, Hon. Ben, House of Rep- 
resentatives, Washington, D. C. : 
Nest of a large wasp (66383). 

JOHNSON, C. W., Boston, Mass. : Fly, 
EstJieria, species, and 2 beetles, 
Niptiis Iwloleucus (66214). 

JOHNSON, D., Clinton, Ky. : 2 adults 
and 10 larvae of a beetle, Dynastes 
titytis (66388). 

JOHNSON, Dr. Duncan S., Johns 
Hopkins University, Baltimore, 
Md. : 2 plants, OxaUs (65930). 

JOHNSON, J. Chestee, Marine on St. 
Croix, Minn. : Australian stone im- 
plements (12 specimens) (65363, 
exchange) ; coral, Pocillopora, spe- 
cies (65550). 

JOHNSON, Myetle E. (See under 
Scripps Institution for Biological 
Research. ) 

JOHNSTON, Ivan M., University of 
California, Berkeley, Calif. : 25 
plants, Selaginella, from Colorado 

JOHNSTON, John R., Pruitland Park, 
Fla. : Worm lizard, RMneura flori- 
dana, from Florida (66319). 

JOHNSTON, Prof. T. Haevey, Bris- 
bane, Queensland, Australia: 13 
specimens of Australian flies, in- 
cluding paratypes of 3 species and 
named representatives of 4 others 

JONES, R. N., Brooksville, Fla. 
(through ]Mr. H. C. Skeels, Bureau 
of Plant Industry, U. S. Department 
of Agriculture, Washington, D. C.) : 
270 plants from Florida (66295). 

JORDAN", Dr. David Staee, Stanford 
University, Calif. : Fishes killed by 
a lava flow from Mauna Loa, Ha- 
waii, collected by Tom Reinhardt 
and Carl S. Carlsmith (65901). 

JULIAN, Geoege H., Bluntsville, Ala. : 
Fragment of a branch of a fossil 
tree, Lepidodendron, from Blount 
County, Ala. (66503). 

JURICA, Prof. Hilary S. (See under 
St. Procopius College.) 

KALUSOWSKI, Dr. H. E. (See un- 
der National College of Pharmacy.) 

KEENAN, Michael, Springer, N. 
Mex. : Dried lizard and a mollusk 

KELEHER, T. A., Washington, D. C : 
A Keleher silk culture exhibit in 
Riker mount (65627). 

KELLERS, Lieut. H. C. (M. C), U. 
S. Navy, Washington, D. C. : 3 toads, 
2 frogs, 7 lizards, and 14 snakes 
collected at Bremerton, Wash., and 
at Gorse Creek, Kitsap County, 
Wash. (66532). 

KERBOSCH, Dr. M., Director of the 
Government Cinchona Plantations 
Tjinjiroean, Java, Netherlands, In- 
dia (through S. W. Zeverijn, Am- 
sterdam, Holland) : 10 specimens of 
cinchona succirubra bark (65950). 

KESSLER, Andeew, Washington, D. 
C. : A series of 9 specimens showing 
the manufacture of handmade wil- 
low baskets (66161). 

Philadelphia, Pa. : 10 lithographic 
prints in color (66211). 

KEW, Dr. W. S. W., San Francisco, 
Calif.: 3 cacti from Mexico (65391) : 
19 specimens of cacti (65735, 65869). 

under British Government.) 

KEYSER, E. W., Washington, D. C. : 
Textile specimens from Peru 

KILLIP, Ellsworth P., U. S. National 
Museum: 118 plants from New 
York and New Jersey (65404) ; 34 
plants (65620) ; 57 plants from 
Panama (66734) ; 122 specimens of 
grasses from the District of Co- 
lumbia and vicinity (65801). 



KIMBALL, Miss Katherine D. (See 
under R. R. Stewart.) 

KINSEY, Dr. Alfeed C, Department 
of Zoology, University of Indiana, 
Bloomington, Ind. : 32 cotype flies 
and 11 cotype galls representing 10 
species of cynipids new to the Mu- 
seum collections (66431, exchange). 

KIRK, Dr. Edwin, U, S. Geological 
Survey, Washington, D. C. : Speci- 
men of wind-polished silicified wood 
and 4 wind-faceted quartz pebbles, 
from Neuquen, Argentina (65974) ; 
2 small lots of Cretaceous inverte- 
brate fossils from Argentina and 
Bolivia, and a small collection of 
Tertiary invertebrates from Bolivia 
(Se also under Senor Jos6 N. 

KLOSS, C. BoDEffj. (See under Dr. 
W. L. Abbott.) 

(through A. N. Caudell, executor) : 
Bamboo blowgun, quiver and gourd 
for cotton, from Upper Amazon, 
South American ( 65291 ) . 

KORNHAUSER, Prof. S. I., Denison 
University, GranviUe, Ohio : A 
microscopic slide with the type of 
Clausidiurn dissimdle, a commensal 
copepod, taken from Callianassa at 
Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island, 
N. Y. (65510). 

KORVENKONTIO, Dr. Valio. (See 
under Helsingtors, Finland.) 

UNIVERSITATIS. (See under Hel- 
singfors, Finland.) 

LADD, W. W. (See under Colonial 
Wars, General Society of.) 

LAIRD, B. Leo, San Francisco, Calif, 
(through the Interior Department. 
U. S. Geological Survey) : A collec- 
tion of Pliocene and Pleistocene in- 
vertebrate fossils from the neighbor- 
hood of La Purissima, Baja Cali- 
fornia (66363). 

LAKE, Stuaet N., Rome, N. Y. : 
Scraper or chisel, probably from the 
Neolithic period of the Stone Age 

LaMANCE, Mrs. Lora S., Lake Wales, 
Fla. : Scalp-lock headdress (65988). 

LANE, J. R., Yermo, Calif. : Specimen 
of cerargyrite from Calico District, 
Calif. (65218). 

LANE, M. C, Ritzville, Wash.: 156 
beetles from Washington State 

LARSEN, E. S., U. S. Geological Sur- 
vey, Washington, D. C. : 10 crystals 
of feldspar from Northern Black 
HilLs, South Dak. (65955). 

LEACH, Andrew J. (througli Fred- 
erick W. Hill, executor, Chicago, 
111.) : Silk handkerchief decorated 
with portraits of noted Confederate 
leaders, captured at Cedar Creek, 
Ya., October 19, 1864, by Capt. 
Andrew J. Leach, First New York 
Dragoons (66346, bequest). 

Le BRETON, Thomas A., Ambassador 
of Argentina, Washington, D. C. : 
A collection of ores and minerals 
from Argentina and 8 photographs 
of mining localities (65335). 

LEE, FiTZHTJGH, Newborn, Ga. : Fun- 
gus from Georgia (65833). 

LEE, Olan Ivan, New York Mineral- 
ogical Club, New York City: Speci- 
men of lava from Mount Erebus, 
Ross Island, McMurdo Sound, South 
Victoria Land (65834). ' 

LEIM, A. H. (See under Toronto, 
University of. Biological Depart- 
ment. ) 

LEITH, Prof. C. K. (See under Wis- 
consin, University of.) 

VERSITY, Stanford University, 
Calif. (through Prof. Le Roy 
Abrams) : 5 specimens of Selaginella 
from California and Oregon (65748, 
exchange) ; fossil fishes, represent- 
ing 7 species, from the Miocene dia- 
tom beds at Lompoc, Calif. (65765). 

LENMAN, Miss Isobel H., Washing- 
ton, D. C. : Anthropological speci- 
mens (66043). 

LEON, Brother. (See under Insti- 
tuto de la Salle, Havana, Cuba.) 

LEONARD, Emery C, U. S. National 
Museum. (See under Dr. W. L. Ab- 

LESTAGE, J. A., Uccle, Brussels, Bel- 
gium: 10 specimens of the coffee 
borer, Zylotrechics quadripes, and 



LESTAGE, J. A.— Continued, 
about 30 specimens of 2 species of 
braconid parasites of the same 

LEVY, Edwabd, Philadelphia, Pa. : Set 
of 12 odd-shaped diaphragms and 12 
halftone prints showing their effect 
on the form of the halftone dot 

LEVY, Max, Gemiantown, Philadel- 
phia, Pa. : Etched master screen for 
rotary intaglio work (66020). 

LEVY & CO., Max, Germantown, Phila- 
delphia, Pa.: Ruling indicator 

LEWIS, Walter P., Phillipsburg, 
N. J. : 2 fossil bryozoans from Mar- 
tins Creek, Pa. (66101). 

LEWTON, Fredeeick L., U. S. Na- 
tional Museum : Bob-white, CoUnus 
virginmnus, from Maryland (66408). 

LILLY & CO., Eli, Indianapolis, Ind. : 
6 sheets of gelatin ; 13 elastic gelatin 
capsules; and 4 globules (65345) ; 10 
medicinal substances (66054). 

LINDMAN, Dr. Gael, PJksmuseets 
Botaniska Avdelning, Vetenskapsa- 
kademien, Stockholm, Sweden : 2 
photographs of ferns in the Swartz 
Herbarium (65849, exchange). 

(See also under Riksmuseets Bo- 
taniska Avdelning.) 

LINE, Frank, Maurertown, Va. : Nest 
of ruby-throated hummingbird, 
Archilochus coluhris, from Virginia 

LONDON, ENGLAND. (See under 
British Government.) 

LONG, The Misses, Washington, D. C. : 
Flemish linen damask with macrame 
lace fringe and gentleman's em- 
broidered handkerchief with coronet 
(66611, loan) ; folding pocket lan- 
tern (Minor's patent, January 24, 
1855) (66660). 

LONG, Perry R. (See under Curtis 
Publishing Co.) 

euil, Quebec, Canada (through Rev. 
Brother Marine-Victorin) : 713 plants 
from Quebec (66402), 

LORING, W. J., San Francisco, Calif, 
(through Mr. F. L. Hess) : 2 speci- 
mens of gold ore from the Mother 
Lode, California, and 1 of scheelite 
from White Pine County, Nev. 

LOTHROP, S. K., Peabody Museum, 
Cambridge, Mass. : A decorated effigy 
jar and a decorated tripod bowl, both 
found near Filadelfia, Nicoya, Costa 
Rica (66425). 

LOUDERBACK, Prof. George D., Uni- 
versity of California, Berkeley, 
Calif. : 9 cases of fossil invertebrates 
and plants from China (66528) . 

LOWE, H. N., Long Beach, Calif.: 2 
mollusks, the type and cotjTie of 
Cochlostyla santacrusensis, from 
Sauta Cruz Island, P. I. (65531). 

LOWE, J. E., Duluth, Ga. : Confederate 
States Army belt buckle (65259). 

LOWERY, Robert O., Garfield, Wash. : 
Dried head of a salmon, Oncorhyn- 
chus gorbuscha (66268). 

LUMMIS, George M., Fort Myers, Fla. : 
3 specimens of mistletoe from Florida 

LUNGREN, Charles B., Ozona, Fla.: 
10 specimens, 10 species, of mollusks 
from the Dutch West Indies ; 3 speci- 
mens, 3 species, of mollusks, includ- 
ing the type of a new species from 
Florida, and 1 barnacle (66551). 

MacBEAJST, G. G., Assiniboia, Saskatch- 
ewan, Canada : 2 butterflies, Cata- 
gramma lyca and Euptychia terres- 
tris (65274) ; 267 species of Lepidop- 
tera new to the Museum collections 

MacDOUGAL, Dr. D. T., Tucson, Ariz. : 
7 plants from California (65686, 
66614) ; plant, Populus, from Tucson, 
Ariz. (66466) ; 3 plants, Echino- 
cereus (66545). 

(See also under Carnegie Institu- 
tion of Washington.) 

Mcdowell, J. Spotts, Pittsburgh, 
Pa : Samples of hydromagnesite 
from Soda Springs, Idaho (66004). 

McGregor, a. G., Chicago, 111. : Lan- 
tern slide and a transparency made 
by the McDonough color process 



McGregor, E. a., Los Angeles, Calif, 
(through Prof. Le Roy Abrams) : 39 
lichens from Santa Catalina Island, 
Calif. (66095). 

MacINNES, Noeman, Miami, Fla. : A 
spider, Gasteracantha cancriformis, 
a species belonging to the Gulf States 

McINTIRE, Babtolomew, San Fran- 
cisco, Calif, (through Department of 
State) : 4 specimens of lava from 
the eruption of a volcano in San 
Salvador in 1917, and 16 photographs 

York City : 9 medicinal substances 
from the animal kingdom, and 11 
medicinal substances (65415, 65S71). 

McLEOD, C. Y., Clarksdale, Miss.: 
Posterior half of an upper molar of 
the American mastodon (65519). 

MACE, C. B. (See under Schleswig 
International Commission.) 

MAHIN, Mrs. F. W., Washington, 
D. C. : 4 pieces of old lace (66426, 

MALDONALDO, Mrs. Estelle, Wash- 
ington, D. C. : 2 specimens of pot- 
tery from Guatemala (66053). 

MALONE, J. G., Newport, Oreg. 
(through Dr. W. H. Dall) : Plant, 
Boschniakia strobilaeea (66452). 

MALYE, Maj. Jean. (See under 
French Government.) 

MANN, Dr. W. M., U. S. National Mu- 
seum : 5 specimens of braiding in 
fiber illustrating the manufacture of 
arm bands, from Rubiana Lagoon, 
New Georgia, British Solomon Is- 
lands (65284). 

(See under Longueuil, College of.) 

MARSHALL, Ernest B., Laurel, Md. : 
5 specimens of Cooper's hawk, Ac- 
oipiter cooperi, and a sharp-shinned 
hawk, Accipiter velox, all from Mary- 
land (65478, 66380, 66509) ; skin and 
skull of a squirrel, Sciurus, and 
skulls of two opossums, Didelphys, 
from Marj^land (65524, 6-5845, 
66091) ; skull of an opossum, Didel- 
phys, and 2 skulls of minks, from 
Laurel, Md. (66155) ; bat, Eptesicus 
(alcoholic) (66334). 

MARSHALL, Geokge, U. S. National 
Museum : Fishes collected from the 
Patuxent River near Laurel, Md. 
(65332) ; skull of a fox, Vulpes, 
from Fairland, Montgomery 
County, Md. (65846) ; skeleton of a 
gray fox, Urocyon, from Camp 
Meade, Md. (65908) ; skin of a cedar 
waxwing, BomhyciUa cedrorum, 
with unusual markings (65945) ; 
bird from Maryland (66658). 

MARSHALL, Henry R., Wilson, N. 
C. : 2 birds from North Carolina 

MARTIN, Dr. Lynn AETHUE,Bingham- 
ton, N. Y. (through Dr. W. A. Dewey, 
Ann Arbor, Mich.) : An old homeo- 
pathic medicine case owned and 
used for many years by Dr. Titus L. 
Brown, of Binghamton, N. Y. 

TION, Department of Entomology, 
Amherst, Mass. (through A. I. 
Bourne) : Lepidoptera larvae col- 
lected in eastern Massachusetts 

MATTHEWS, Ransom, Selma, Calif. : 
A collection of automobile and mo- 
tor cycle spark plugs and a vulcan- 
izing outfit (65294, loan). 

MAYNE, Bruce, Delta, Utah: 2 flies, 
Tahanus producUis (65293). 

MAYNARD, E. A., .Jamaica, Long Is- 
land, N. Y. : 16 polished crystals of 
chiastolite from Lancaster, Mass. 
( 65441, exchange ) . 

MEDINA, Lieut. Col. Frederic Diez de, 
Bolivian Legation, Washington, D. 
C. : A sheet of gold, gold tassel or 
pendant, specimens of arrow points 
and fragments, and a textile woven 
in colors, all from the State of La 
Paz, Bolivia (65769, exchange). 

SEUM: 8 lots of Tertiary bryo- 
zoans from Australia (65701, ex- 

MERRILL, Dr. George P., U. S. Na- 
tional Museum : 37 wood engravings 
by American engravers of about 
1830, comprising 8 by Alexander An- 



MERRILL, Dr. George P. — Continued, 
derson, 5 by J. H. Hall, 17 by Abel 
Bowen, and 7 unknown (65358) ; 
microscope and accessories in case, 
owned during the period 1830-1870 
by Rev. Elijah Jones, pastor of the 
Congregational Church at Minot 
Center, Androscoggin County, Me. 
MERRILL, Mrs. Geoege P., Washing- 
ton, D. C. : A cut topaz weighing 
92.4 carats (66151, loan). 
MESSMANN, Geoege, New York City 
(through the National Geographic 
Society, Washington, D. C.) : Piece 
of scrimshawed whalebone (65342). 

Department of Agriculture, Mexi- 
co, D. F. : About 1,000 beetles 
representing 700 species ( 66757 ) . 
Direccion de Estudios BioJogicos, 
Mexico, D. F. (through Dr. A. 
L. Herrera, Director) : 483 
Mexican plants (65243, ex- 
change) ; 2 phyllopod crusta- 
ceans, Estheria compleximanus, 
from Guadalupe Hidalgo 
(65562) ; 7 specimens, repre- 
senting 7 species, of marine 
moUusks from Lower California 
(65576) ; 2 photographs of a 
specimen of a starfish, Acan- 
thaster ellisii, from Lower Cali- 
fornia (65721) ; 15 scorpions 
Vaejovis subcristatus (66492, 
MEYER, Dr. Reinhold, Landsberg 
a/W, Germany : 122 specimens, rep- 
resenting 23 species of bees (66213, 
James Asbury Allison, President, 
Miami, Fla. : Skeleton of a w^hale, 
Balaenoptera, found on Pablo Beach, 
Fla. (65394). 
seum of Zoology, Ann Arbor, Mich. ; 
2 vials of isopod crustaceans, 3 frogs 
and 2 garter-snakes from Washing- 
ton, all collected by Dr. F. N. 
Blanchard (65789) ; 4 tadpoles of 
Ascaphus truei. collected in Wash- 
ington by T. M. and H. T. Gaige 
(65798) ; (through Dr. A. G. Ruth- 
71305°— 21 12 

ven, director) shrimp, Macroch- 
rahium jamaicense, from Colombia 
(65836) ; (through Miss Roberta E. 
Deam) 550 plants, chiefly from Mich- 
igan and Ontario (duplicates from 
the C. K. Dodge Herbarium) 
(66689, exchange) ; frog, paratype 
of Eleutherodactylus megalops, col- 
lected in San Lorenzo, Santa Marta 
^Mountains, Colombia, by Dr. Ruth- 
ven (66405). 

MILLAR, M. A., Venus. Fla.: Old 
wooden idol plowed up on the north 
shore of Lake Okeechobee, Fla. 

MILLE, Rev. Louis, S. J., Quito, Ecua- 
dor: Cactus from Ecuador (65398). 

MILLER, Prof. Aethue M., University 
of Kentucky. Lexington, Ky. : A 
block of oolitic carbonate iron ore 
from Preston, Ky. (65726). 

MILLER, Geeeit S., jr., U. S. Na- 
tional aiuseum : Skeleton of a mink, 
Mustela, from Fairfax County, Va. 
(65395) ; mollusks, egg and 2 skulls 
of the wedge-tailed shearwater, 
Puffinus cuneatus, and 2 incomplete 
skeletons of Bulwer's petrel, Bul- 
iveria buUceri; also 6 skins and 
skulls of rats and 1 rat skeleton, all 
from the Hawaiian Islands (65604, 
66573 ; 3 plants from California 

MILLER, Dr. M. G., Philadelphia, Pa. : 
Indian skull from a shell heap near 
Cape Blanco, Caloosahatchee River, 
Lee County, Fla. (65239). 

MILLIKEN, F. B., Manhattan, Kans. : 
14 oil beetles, representing 3 species, 
namely, Epicarda callosa, Nemog- 
natha lutea, and Cantharis Mguttata 

MILLS, Mrs. Stephen C, Washington, 
D. C. : Tonto Apache basket bowl 
and a Tlinkit basket, from the col- 
lection of her father, Gen. G. G. 
Lee (66579). 

MILLSPAUGH, Dr. C. F. (See under 
Field Museum of Natural History.) 

MINASSIAN, KiEKOE, New York City : 
Postage stamps of Afghanistan and 
Kashmir (55 specimens) ; also 6 



MINASSIAN, KiRKOB— Continued, 
leaves (5 of paper and 1 of vellum) 
from Arabic and Turkish manu- 
scripts (G5300). 
Minneapolis, Minn, (through Prof. 
C. O. Rosendahl) : 4 specimens of 
Selaginella (66158, exchange) ; 
specimen of Selaginella from Brit- 
ish Columbia (66287) ; (through 
Prof. E. W. D. Holway) : 749 
plants from vpestem South America 
St, Louis, Mo.: Plant, Alironia, 
from western Colorado (65622) ; 2 
plants, Seluginella (66357, ex- 
MITCHELL, H. H., Regina, Sas- 
katchewan, Canada : Dried skin of a 
tiger salamander, Amhy stoma Ugri- 
num, from Saskatchewan (65817). 
MITCHELL, Mason, American Con- 
sul, Queenstown, Ireland: Egg of 
the dodo pigeon, or tooth-billed 
pigeon, Didunculus strigirostris, 
from Samoa, new to the Museum 
collections (65548). 
MOCZARSKI, Prof. Emil. (See un- 
der Prof. Otto Scheerpeltz.) 
nati, Ohio (through Oliver Gedeist, 
Director of Publicity) : Model of 
caloric pipeless furnace, invented by 
W. J. Doyle, 1909 (65249). 
MOORE, Alfked F., Los Angeles, 
Calif. : A rat, 7 insects, and a collec- 
tion of rocks and fossils collected 
nearCalama, Chile (65987). 
MORELET, Sylvanus G., Carnegie 
Institute of Washington, Washing- 
ton, D. C. : 4 lots of potsherds from 
4 localities in Central America and 
Mexico (65863). 
MORRILL, Hon. Charles H., Lincoln, 
Nebr. (through Prof. Edwin H. Bar- 
bour) : A collection of exhibition 
and study specimens of Carbonifer- 
ous foraminifera (65277). 
MORRIS, Mrs. Goua'erneue, Washing- 
ton, D. C. : Hale piano decorated by 
Cottier of New York (66347). 

MORROW, Miss C. F., St. Thomas, 
Virgin Islands of the United States: 
133 plants from St. John and St. 
Thomas, Virgin Islands of the 
United States (66171, 66302, 66489, 
MORSE, Edward L., Pittsfield, Mass. : 
Original specimen of a message re- 
corded by the Morse register, May 
25, 1844 (65555). 
MOSELEY, E. L., Bowling Green, 
Ohio.: 91 plants (65422) ; 3 plants, 
Lacinaria (66328). 
MOSONYI, Emilio, New York City : A 
highly embellished, cylindrical 
earthenware vase from "Ataco," 
northwestern part of Salvador, and 
a bronze ax blade found in " San 
Jose Villaneuva," in the southwest- 
ern part of the same Republic 
MOTTER, Dr. MtJRRAY Gaxt, Wash- 
ington, D. C. : 4 photographs of 
prominent members of the American 
Pharmaceutical Association (66348). 
MOUSLEY, H., Hatley, Quebec, Can- 
ada: 12 ferns (65221, exchange). 
MOXLEY, George L., Los Angeles, 
Calif. : Plant from southern Califor- 
nia (65447) ; ferns, Asplenium and 
Clieilanthcs, from California (65900, 
66258) ; plant, Selaginella xoatsoni 
(66327) ; 15 specimens of Selaginella 
from California (66370, exchange) ; 
3 plants from California (66637). 
MUESEBECK, C. F. W. (See under 
Dr. C. T. Brues and Cornell Uni- 
versity, Department of Entomology.) 
MULFORD CO., H. K., Philadelphia, 
Pa. : 4 specimens of antitoxin serums 
(65614) ; 15 charts mounted with 
specimens, photographs, etc., show- 
ing the preparation and use of vac- 
cines and serums for the prevention 
and treatment of diphtheria, small- 
pox, pneumonia, tetanus, meningitis, 
and hay fever; also 1 30cc. vacule 
package of digitol (66727). 
MULLIS, Miss Frances, Friday Har- 
bor, Wash.: 5 specimens, 4 species, 
of crustaceans from Friday Harbor, 
Washington, one of them, Spironto- 
caris grandimann-, being for the first 
time recorded from American 
waters (65831). 



MUNDER & CO., Norman T. A., Balti- 
more, Md. : 125 specimens of type 
and halftone printing (65639) ; 2 
halftones of Lincoln, 2 halftones of 
Franklin, and 2 broadsides (66349). 

MUNRO, G. C, Keomuko, Lanai, Ha- 
waii (through Prof. A. S. Hitch- 
cock) : 12 plants (65898). 

MUNZ, Dr. Phillip A. (See nuder 
Pomona College, Claremont, Calif.) 

MURDOCK, Miss Eleanor P., Wash- 
ington, D. C. : A book of poems and 
songs bj- Robert Burns, in wooden 
binding (66220). 

MUSEO NACIONAL. ( See under San 
Jose, Costa Rica.) 

MUSEU PAULISTA, Sao Paulo, Bra- 
zil (through A. d'E. Taunay, Di- 
rector) : Parasitic worm, Tristoma. 
species, 14 isopods, representing 3 
species, and 3 amphipods, represent- 
ing 2 species, from Brazil ; also a 
oollection of Brazilian annelids, one 
lot of barnacles, and a small collec- 
tion (duplicates) of parasitic cope- 
pods (65681) ; 8 skins and skulls of 
bats from Brazil (66600). 

New York, N. Y. (through Dr. Mar- 
shall H. Saville) : Obsidian from 
ancient quarry refuse from near 
Fiscal, Guatemala (65527) ; Pota- 
watomi sacred medicine bundle 
(Oklahoma) (65896, exchange). 

AND ART, Los Angeles, Calif.: A 
box of shell fragments with bryo- 
zoans from the Pleistocene of Cali- 
fornia (66002). 

MUSGRAYE, W. E. (See under Agri- 
culture, Department of. Bureau of 
Biological Survey.) 

kegon, Mich. : 23 dovetailed wood 
samples showing the work of the 
Linderman automatic dovetail glue 
jointer (66692). 

MYER, W. E., Nashville, Tenn. : An 
adult skeleton and the skeletons of 
two children found by the donor in a 
stone slab grave 9 miles northeast of 
Nashville (65222) ; skull of a young 

MYER, W. E. — Continued. 

adult female, found in a stone slab 
grave at the Love Slound on Whites 
Creek, 6 miles north of NashvUle 
(65451) ; skull, 2 skeletons, and a lot 
of miscellaneous human bones 

MYERS, George Hewitt, Washington, 
D. C. : 38 Oriental raggs (66773, 

MYRICK, F. M., Johannesburg, Calif., 
Specimens of blue chalcedony, jasper, 
and myrickite from California 

York, N. Y. (through Mrs, H. H. 
Gardener and Miss Lucy Anthony) : 
Gold and enamel flag pin presented to 
Miss Susan B. Anthony by ladies of 
Wyoming on the occasion of her 
eightieth birthday, *1900, and dis- 
tinguished service medal awarded to 
Dr. Anna Howard Shaw in recogni- 
tion of distinguished services as 
chariman of the Woman's Committee 
of the Council of National Defense 
during the World War (65773) ; 
(through Mrs. Gardener, U. S. Civil 
Service Commission, Washington, 
D. C.) Official copy of the certifica- 
tion of the Secretary of State to the 
effect that the amendment to the Con- 
stitution extending the right of suf- 
frage to women has become valid, 
and the pen used by Secretary 
Bainbridge Colby when signing the 
original document, August 26, 1920 
(66218) ; (through Mrs. Gardener) 
gold badge presented to Susan B. 
Anthony by the Citizens Suffrage 
Association of Philadelphia, 1881 

MACY, Washington, D. C. (through 
Dr. H. E. Kalusowski) : A supposi- 
tory machine made before 1873 by 
James Dominic O'Donnell, Wash- 
ington, D. C. (66307). 

Washington, D. C. : 1,180 plants from 
Alaska, collected by the Katmai ex- 
peditions under the direction of Prof. 
Robert F. Griggs (66087) ; arche- 



TY — Continued, 
ological material collected by the 
National Geographic Society's expe- 
dition of 192|0 (Neil M. Judd, Direc- 
tor), from ancient ruins in the Chacp 
Canyon National Monument, N. Mex., 
and the Canyon de Chelly, Ariz. 
(See also under George Mess- 

Washington, D. C. : Chemical exhibit 
consisting of topographical model 
representing a group of chemical in- 
dustries ; charts ; collection of dyes, 
explosives, medicinals, etc.; and a 
series of molecular models (66664, 

NATIONAL SILICA CO., Oregon, 111. : 
Specimen of siliceous sandrock used 

. for industrial purposes (66028). 

NAVY DEPARTMENT : United States 
Navy model F-5-L seaplane with ac- 
cessories, aeromarine 39-B seaplane 
complete with OXX Curtiss engine, 
and 16 enlarged photographs of 
naval airplanes (65717) ; flying suits 
and accessories of the type used by 
the United States Navy during the 
World War (28 specimens) (65856, 
loan) ; collection of naval models, 
ordnance, signal, and marine instru- 
ments of the type used by the United 
States Navy during the War with 
Germany, 1917-18, and German 
naval material captured during the 
same period (66742) ; relics re- 
covered from the wreck of the U. S. 
battleship Madne in Habana Har- 
bor, 1911 (66761). 

NELSON, J. C, Salem, Oreg.: 4 
plants from Oregon (66720). 

NELSON, NoBMAN E., Fort Worth, 
Tex. : 47 specimens of Lower Cre- 
taceous bryozoans from Texas 
(65755, exchange). 

Almaden, Calif. : Specimen of cinna- 
bar from Senator mine. New Al- 
maden, Calif. (65238). 

NEWTON, Rev. J. C, Calhoun, Kaw- 
nesi Gakuin, Kobe, Japan : Photo- 
graph of the Dragon God (Dai Ja) 
in Idzumo, Japan (66708). 

NEWTON, S. H., Reno, Nev. : About 
100 specimens representing 6 species 
of mollusks (65612). 

Bronx Park, New York City (through 
Dr. N. L. Britton, Director) : 25 
plants, 190 ferns, 70 specimens of 
hepatics, 3 specimens of Rubiaceae, 
6 plants, 46 mosses, plant, Achy- 
ranthes, plant, Salvinia, plant, Pas- 
siflora; (through Dr. S. F. Blake) 5 
specimens of Polygala, all from 
Trinidad (65189, 65722, 66687, 
65778, 65911, 66078, 66160, 66568, 
66639, 66726, 65932) ; 77 plants from 
Trinidad and Jamaica (65743) ; 
1,513 plants, chiefly from Trinidad, 
Cuba, and Jamaica (65984) ; 46 liv- 
ing plants (65200) ; 36 plants (65201, 
65246, 65262, 65888, 66096, 66725) ; 
14 mosses and 10 specimens of Opun- 
tia from Florida (65321, 66655) ; 3 
living plants, Opuntia (65368) ; cac- 
tus from Pennsylvania (65418) ; 61 
plants fi'om South America (65436) ; 
plant, Campnosperma, from Panama 
(65487) ; 25 ferns, from Cuba (65660, 
66717) ; (through Dr. S. F. Blake) 
plant, Senecio, from Cuba (65947) ; 
fern, Woodsia scopuUna, from North 
Carolina (65730) ; 47 ferns, collected 
by Doctor Underwood and Mrs. E. 
G. Britton in Jamaica, 5 specimens 
of ferns, HymenopJiyllum, from 
Jamaica (65956, 66045) ; 48 West 
Indian plants (65999) ; 19 ferns and 
2 specimens of cacti, from Tobago, 
West Indies (65807, 66481) ; 49 
plants from the Southern States, col- 
lected by Dr. F. W. Pennell (66332) ; 
plant from Long Island, N. Y. 
(66243, exchange). 

AGRICULTURE, CorneU Univer- 
sity, Ithaca, N. Y. (through Prof. K. 
M. Wiegand) : 286 plants, chiefly 
from central New York (66680, ex- 

York City: A bromide enlargement 
of the original daguerreotype made 
of Miss Draper by Prof. John W. 
Draper, the first photographic por- 
trait ever made (66292). 



York City (through Mr. Arthur 
Bennington) : Original photogi-aph 
of an Indian sent by wire ; bromide 
general view of sending apparatus; 
bromide of Mr. Edward Belin, the 
inventor, and assistant, and a bro- 
mide of Mr. Belin at the sending in- 
strument (660S0). 
Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Raleigh, N. C. (through C. S. Brim- 
ley) : 1 tachinid fly (exchange), 1 
ortalid fly (gift), 2 tachinid flies 
(loan) (65714) ; 3 flies, 2 presum- 
ably new, collected at Raleigh, North 
'Carolina (65757). 
NORTON, J. B., HartsviUe, S. C: 53 
plants from South Carolina (66019, 
NOYES, L G., SomerviUe, Mass.: 2 
plants, Mammillaria and Cereus 
(G6617, 66699). 
NUTTING, Prof. C. C. (See under 

Iowa, State University of.) 
NYLANDER, Olat O., Caribou, Me.: 
50 Devonian fossils from Maine 
O'DONIGHUE, Prof. Charles H., Uni- 
versity of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Mani- 
toba, Canada: 3 specimens of Dip- 
tera, 4 of Hymenoptera, 5 of Cole- 
op tera, and a leech (66184). 
O'KEEFE, Mrs. Mills, Hyattsville, 
Md. : Photo-engravings and souvenir 
post cards relating to the Pilgrim 
Tercentenary, 1920 (13 specimens) 
OLDROYD, Mrs. Ida S., Stanford Uni- 
versity, Calif.: 12 specimens repre- 
senting 8 species of mollusks, and 13 
specimens, 4 species, of land and ma- 
rine mollusks, all from California 
(65704, 65996). 
OLIVA, Senora Ignacia G., Guadala- 
jara, Mexico: 122 Mexican grasses 
naw, Mich. : The skin of a melanistic 
wildcat (lynx) (66131). 
ORCUTT, C. R., San Diego, Calif.: 3 
specimens of barnacles, Balanus or- 
cutti, B. amphitrite inexpectatus, 

ORCUTT, C. R.— Continued, 
first United States record, and. Tet- 
raclita squamosa rv.bcscens form 
elegans, from La Jolla, (65718) ; 8 
specimens of cacti from California 
(66262) ; (through Dr. W. H. Dall) 
15 species of fossils from San Quen- 
tin Bay, Lower California, probably 
Pliocene or early Pleistocene (66620), 

LEGE, Corvallis, Oreg. : 11 plants 
(65424) ; 6 plants from Oregon 
(65621) : (through Miss Helen M. 
Gilkey, curator) plant, Centaurea, 
from Oregon (66016). 

Perth, Ontario, Canada (through Mr. 
F. L. Hess) : Samples of euxenite 
ore (65480). 

ORTEGA, Senor Don Jesus G., Mazat- 
lan, Sinaloa, Mexico: 111 plants 
from Mexico (65923) ; 7 plants 
OSHIMA Dr. M. (See under Insti- 
tute of Science, Taihoku, Formosa, 
OSTERHOUT, Geobge E., Windsor, 

Colo.: 9 plants (66565, exchange). 
OTIS, Ika C, Seattle, Wash.: 106 
plants from western United States 
OTTAWA, CANADA. (See under 

Canadian Government.) 
OTTOLENGUI, Dr. R., New York 
City: 10 noctuid moths, including 2 
cotypes and 2 others new to the 
collection (65560). 
OWEN, Virgil W., Los Angeles, Calif. : 

12 beetles (66491). 
CO., Glendale, Calif.: Specimen of 
crude talc from Acme, Death Valley, 
Calif. (65518). 
PALMER, Dr. E. C, Philadelphia, 
Pa.: Stone club of the Maori, New 
Zealand (65304). 
PALftlER, WnxiAM, U. S. National 
Museum: Black snake, and 7 crabs, 
Rliithropanopeus Jierrisii, all from 
South Chesapeake Beach, Md., the 
latter collected by the donor (65370, 
65517) ; 3 birds from the vicinity of 
Washington, D. C, including a 



PALMER, William — Continued, 
snow bunting, Plectrophenax nivalis 
(65506) ; salamander from Plummer 
Island, Md., collected by Mr. H. S. 
Barber, and a musk turtle from 
Chesapeake Beach (65642). 

PAMMEL, Dr. L. H. (See under 
Iowa State College of Agriculture 
and Mechanic Arts.) 

PARISH, S. B., Berkeley, Calif.: 2 
specimens of cacti (66413) (through 
G. P. Van Eseltine) : Plant, Selagi- 
nella, from California (65473). 

PARISI, Dr. Bruno, Milan, Italy: 
Specimen of thalassimid, Typhlo- 
caris letJiaea (66240, exchange). 

PARKE, DAVIS & CO., Detroit, 
Mich. : 22 photographs showing lab- 
oratory operations in the manufac- 
ture of pharmaceutical preparations 
(65472) ; 5 specimens of medicinal 
substances (65953). 

PARKER, Dr. A. C, Altmar, N. Y. : 
Young ring-necked snake from Alt- 
mar, N. Y. (666S1). 

PARMAN, D. C, Uvalde, Tex. : 33 liv- 
ing cacti from Texas (66283). 

PATTEN, Mrs. L. Deak, Washington, 
D. C. : Ethnologica from the Oglala- 
Teton Sioux, Pine Ridge, S. Dak. 
(65596, loan). 

PATTISON, Mrs. S. L., Canutillo, 
Tex.: 18 specimens of cacti (66244, 

PEABODY MUSEUM, Salem, Mass.: 
2 photographs of models of the ves- 
sels Friendship and Rising States 

HISTORY. (See under Yale Uni- 

PEARSE, Dr. A. S., University of YVls- 
consin, Madison, Wis.: 36 slides of 
fish parasites from Lake Valencia, 
Venezuela (65886) ; 23 microscopic 
slides of parasitic worms, represent- 
ing 21 species, 7 of which are types 
(66536) ; 2 slides of parasitic 
worms, Crepidostomum Mloba, type 
and cotypes from Lake Pepin, and 
CapiUaria catostomi, type, from 
Sturgeon Bay (66588). 

PECK, L. H., Delta, Utah: Topaz in 
matrix and 2 topaz crystals (66117). 

PELLETT, Frank C, American Bee 
Joui-nal, Hamilton, 111. : 50 bees and 
wasps (65712). 

PELLOUX, Prof. Albeeto, Genoa, 
Italy : 24 specimens of minerals 
(66409, exchange). 

AGRICULTURE, Harrisburg, Pa. 
(through P. T. Barnes, Executive 
Assistant) : 9 specimens, 1 species, 
of slugs, Limax maxlmus (66407). 

PENNY, F. W., Pointe-a-Pierre, Trini- 
dad, British West Indies : 14 fossil 
corals from Trinidad, from type lo- 
cality of corals described by P. M. 
Duncan from St. Croix, Trinidad 

PEREZ, Gilbert, Bureau of Education, 
Lucena, Tayabas, Luzon, P. I. : 27 
Philippine Island land shells (65217, 

PERKINS, John U., Smithsonian In- 
stitution : Photogravure by Goupil 
of Winslow Homer's painting The 
Herring Net (66422). 

PERRY, Mrs. Ruth Habmison, Wash- 
ington, D. C. : Rifle and powder 
horn (66688). 

MENT OF, Bureau of Science, 
Manila, P. I. : Skin of a crane, Anti- 
gone sharpei, and 20 mammals from 
the Philippine Islands (65339, de- 
posit) ; 33 plants from Borneo 
(65423, exchange) ; 2,905 plants, 
chiefly from the Philippine Islands 
(65568, exchange). 

Manila, P. I. (through Prof. A. L. 
Day) : 28 specimens, representing 9 
species, of named freshwater 
shrimps (65969, excliange). 

New York City (through Karl 
Arvidson and Charles Furth) : 
Photogravures in black and white 
and 3 colors ; photogravures in 
colors at one impression ; photo- 
gelatin prints in black and white 
and 3 colors ; historical specimens 
and Muybridge material (66226). 

PICHON, Miss Eugenie C, Upperville, 
Va. : 2 beaded bags, 2 beaded neck- 
laces, beaded belt and a mortar 



PICKETT, R, v., Edgewater, Colo.: 
9 cacti from Colorado (66615, ex- 

bany, Ind. (through American Wal- 
nut Manufacturers' Association, Chi- 
cago, 111.) : Specimen of black wal- 
nut showing method of cutting ve- 
neers (66760). 

CO., Statesville, N. C. : Piedmont 
red cedar chest (65696). 

PILKINGTON, H. M., New York City : 
Plant from Haiti, and 10 cacti, and 

2 specimens of cactus wood (65842, 

PILLING, Mrs. James W., Coyoacan, 

D. F., Mexico : Small and finely 
woven Navaho blanket from Ari- 
zona (66352). 


E. (through the executors, care of 
Hon. Gifford Pinchot, MUford, Pa.) : 
Collection of period costumes (31 
specimens) and 5 small ecclesiastical 
embroideries (65616). 

PIPER, Prof. C. v.. Bureau of Plant 
Industry, U. S. Department of Agri- 
culture, Washington, D. C. : Plant, 
Chenopodium, from Maryland 
(65651) ; 3 specimens, 2 species, of 
land shells from Key West, Fla., 
and 6 specimens, 1 species, of fresh- 
water shells from Everglades, Fla. 
(65921) ; plant, Selaginella, fi'om 
Briitsh Columbia (66124). 

(See also under Department of 
Agriculture, Bureau of Plant In- 
dustry, and J. B. Flett.) 

PITTIER, Dr. H., care U. S. legation, 
Caracas, Venezuela : Ethnological 
objects from Central America, con- 
sisting of a lime gourd, perforated 
rattle, bone-handle rattle, spindle, 
and cotton for spinning (65286) ; 
750 plants from Venezuela (66493, 
65421, 65747, 66259) ; 17 species of 
land and fresh-water mollusks from 
Venezuela (65975). 

CIATION, THE, Washington, D. C. : 

3 dolls representing the Indian 
princess Pocahontas, 1 in native 
costume, and 2 in English dress 

Calif, (through Dr. Philip A. Munz, 
Curator, Department of Botany) : 
361 plants from southern California 
(65298, exchange) ; 10 plants (t5i)e 
collection of Selaginella leucobrj/o- 
ides, fi-om California (66597, ex- 
change) (through G. P. Van Esel- 
tine) ; 2 plants, Belagmella, from 
California (65474, exchange) ; 49 
specimens representing 17 species of 
crustaceans from California 
(65675) ; fern, Pellaea, from the 
Providence Mountains, Calif. (66710, 

POOLE, A. J., U. S. National Museum : 
22 specimens, representing 4 species, 
of land and fresh-water mollusks 
from Niagara Falls, N. Y. (65534). 

PORTER, Dr. Caklos E., Santiago, 
Chile : 6 isopods representing ap- 
parently new species of the family 
Idotheidae (66233). 

PORTER, Mrs, .John Biddle, Wash- 
ington, D. C. : Doll's furniture and 
doll's china owned by the children 
of Hon. Richard Rush, United States 
minister to Great Britain, 1817-25, 
and member of the first Board of 
Regents, Smithsonian Institution 
(65995, loan). 

PORTS, Peecy L., Clarendon, Va.: 4 
cacti from Bolivia (65377, 66245). 
(See also under Senor Ignacio 
Arana. ) 

sets of specimen stamps, etc., in 
triplicate (4,413 specimens), received 
from the International Bureau of 
the Universal Postal Union, Berne, 
Switzerland (65192, 65271, 65381, 
65410, 65411, 65561, 65753, 65809, 
65835, 66061, 66217, 66322, 66343, 
66471, 66606) ; coUection of postage 
stamps, post cards, and stamped pa- 
per (65875) ; United States 1, 2, and 
5 cent postage stamps of the Pilgrim 
Tercentenary commemorative issue, 
and $2 postage starnp of the current 
issue, in triplicate (12 specimens) 

(See also under Ukraine, The 
Friends of.) 



GARTEN CO., Philadelphia, Pa. : 20 
specimens of medicinal chemicals 

PRASHAD, Dr. B. (See under India, 
Zoological Sun'ey. ) 

PRENTISS, Dr. Elliott C, El Paso, 
Tex. : 2 specimens of cacti (65673) . 

PRICE, Ernest B., Vice Consul in 
charge at Canton, China (through 
Department of State, Washington, 
D. C.) : 7 photographs of poppy fields 
in Fukien Province, China (66603). 

ment of Geologj^ Princeton, N. J. : 
(through A. F. Buddington) : 3 speci- 
mens of minerals from New York 
(65702, exchange). 

PRUITT, Beetie, Lomax, N. C. : Eggs 
of aluna moth (66345). 

of Botany, La Fayette, Ind. : 26 
specimens of rusts (65728). 

PURPUS, Dr. J. A., Botanical Garden, 
Darmstadt, Germany : 8 plants 
(65723, exchange). 

QUEHL, L., Halle bei Saale, Germany : 
plant, Mammillaria (66719, ex- 

THE (through Mr. F. L. Hess) : 2 
specimens of " Kentsmithite " from 
Long Park, Montrose County, Colo., 
collected by James S. James (65986). 

New York City : 3 specimens of car- 
notite ore from the Long Park, Colo., 
propei'ties of the Radium Luminous 
Material Coi-poration (66623). 

TORIUM CO., THE, Silver City, 
N. Y. : Samples of torbemite from 
White Signal, Grant County, N. Mex. 

(through Archie Rice, New York 
City) : A series of opal specimens in 
the rough, from the mines of the 
Rainbow Ridge Mining Co., located 
in Humboldt County, Nev. (65978). 

RAMSDEN, Dr. C. T., Guantanamo, 
Cuba : A collection of reptiles, ba- 
trachians, moths, and isopods, the 
latter comprising the type and 14 

RAMSDEN, Dr. C. T.— Continued, 
paratypes of Cubaris ramisdeni, new 
species, from " El Ocujal," Guan- 
tanamo, Cuba (65586), 10 isopods 
representing a new species of Pseu- 
darmadillo (66312). 

RAVENEL, William deC, U. S. Na- 
tional Museum : Memorial certificate 
issued by the United States Govern- 
ment and memorial certificate issued 
by the French Government in com- 
memoration of the death of Second 
Lieut. William deC. Ravenel, jr., 
U. S. Air Service, killed in line of 
duty June 30, 1918; also a bronze 
victory service medal awarded to 
Lieutenant Ravenel by the U. S. 
War Department, and a bronze cross 
awarded by the citizens of the Dis- 
trict of Columbia (65502) ; hobble 
of finely braided rawhide from Ar- 
. gentina. South America (65585) ; an 
old pharmaceutical balance (65893). 

REED, Dr. Edwyn P., Valparaiso, Chile 
(through Dr. Alexander Wetmore) : 
Snake and 3 lizards collected in Val- 
paraiso (66595). 

REED, Lieut. Richakd C, U. S. Navy, 
Supply Corps, U. S. Navy, Tutuila, 
Samoa : 12 bird skins, 1 fish, para- 
sitic flies and centipede eggs, all 
from Samoa (66102, 66440). 

REESIDE, J. B., Jr. (See under In- 
stituto de la Salle, Bogota, Colom- 

REICHE, Karl, Mexico, Mexico: 23 
plants (66398, 66619). 

REID, Eael D., U. S. National Mu- 
seum : 33 fishes, and 16 inverte- 
brates from Chesapeake Beach, Md. 
(65205, 65333) ; 60 pairs of ear 
stones (otoliths) dissected from the 
heads of fishes obtained in the Wash- 
ington markets (66186). 

REINHARD, E., Buffalo, N. Y. : 8 
specimens of Silurian and Devonian 
fossils from New York State (66003). 

REINHARD, H. J., Texas Agricultural 
Experiment Station, College Station, 
Tex. : Mollusk, Siiccinea luteola, and 
a dermestid beetle, Trogoderma, 
species, from College Station 



REKO, Dr. Blas P., Oaxaca de Juarez, 
Mexico: 6 plants (65841, 66433). 

ING CO. (LTD.), Queens Mill, Lan- 
caster, England : 20 specimens of 
rotary intaglio printing, 17 in black 
and white and 3 in color, the earliest 
specimen dated 1894 and the latest 
1920 (65476). 

RENSON, Seuor Don Carlos. (See 
under San Salvador, El Salvador.) 

REVOREDO, .1. F., Aguilar, Oruro, 
Bolivia (through Mr. F. L. Hess) : 
Specimen of wolframite from Chi- 
cote Hill, east of Oruro, Bolivia 

RICE, Archie. (See under Rainbow 
Ridge Mining Co.) 

RICE, A. P., Brookline, Mass. : 4 ears 
of corn in the husk and 2 samples 
of cotton from Yucatan (66653). 

Tex. (through Prof. Asa C. Chand- 
ler) : Specimen of skate, new species, 
and a minnow, Zygonectes henshalli 

RICE, J. R., Washington, D. C. : 
Specimen of black granite (gabbro) 
from Rowan County, N. C. (66417). 

RICHARDS, Dr. Theodore W., U. S. 
Navy, Washington, D. C. : Collection 
of several thousand birds' eggs, 
chiefly from North America (65320). 

RICHARDSON, Mrs. Charles W., 
Washington, D. C. (through Mrs. 
Julian- James) : Leghorn straw poke 
bonnet (65567, loan). 

RICHARDSON, W. D., Fredericks- 
burg, Va. : 4,380 beetles, comprising 
the donor's collection, except the 
family Drj'opidae (65775). 

RICKER, P. L., U. S. Department of 
Agriculture, Washington, D. C. : 
Land planarian from a greenhouse, 
Fourteenth and B Streets, Wash- 
ington, D. C. (65532). 

RIDGWAY, Robert, Olney, 111.: 3 
bird skins from Illinois (65365). 

DELNING, Stockholm, Sweden 
(through Dr. Carl Lindman, Di- 
rector) : 280 plants, Bryophyta, from 
northern Europe (65644) ; 880 
plants, largely algae and grasses 
(66282, exchange). 

RIVES, Mrs. Isabel, Washington, D. 

C. (through Mi-s. R, G. Hoes) : 
Smoking cap, Scotch style, embroid- 
ered in moose hair, from Canada 
(65437, loan). 

ROBERTS, E. W., Cincinnati, Ohio: 
14 detail photographs of Hiram 
Maxim's early flying machine, and 
copy of a photograph of him, also 
a copy of the Journal of the Society 
of Automotive Engineers, April, 
1918, containing a description of 
the machine (65903). 

ROBERTSON, Miss Lida B., Living- 
ston Normal School, Livingston, 
Ala. : Plant, Firmiana platanifolia 
(65266) ; plant (65311). 

ROBINSON, Col. WniT, U. S. Army, 
West Point, N. Y. : Shrew (alco- 
holic), Microsorex winnemanna 

ROCK, Prof. Joseph F., U. S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, Washington, 

D. C. : 4 plants, Kokia, from the 
Hawaiian Islands (65199). 

ROCKWOOD, L. P., Forest Grove, 
Oreg. : 2 type specimens of Diptera 

RODDY, Dr. H. Justin, Millersville, 
Pa. : 332 Cambrian fossils from 
Lancaster County, Pa. (65258). 

ROEBLING, Col. Washington A., 
Trenton, N. J. : 3 specimens of min- 
erals from Sweden (65352). 

ROGERS, L. E., Washington, D. C. : 
The nest of a wasp collected at Shin 
Pond, Patten, Me. (65740). 

ROIG, Dr. Mario Sanchez, Havana, 
Cuba: Selenite from Cuba, also 8 
specimens, 2 species, of terrestrial 
isopods (65904, 65968). 

ROMAN, Dr. A., Entomologiska Afdel- 
ning, Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, 
Stockholm, Sweden: 2 ichneumon 
flies, Polysphincta carbon at or 

ROSENDAHL, Prof. C. O. ( See under 
Minnesota, the University of.) 

ROSS, C. S., U. S. Geological Survey, 
Washington, D. C. : Specimen of 
onyx from Lime Creek, Del Norte 
Quadrangle, near Bidell, Colo. 



ROST, E. C, Alhambra, Calif. : 8 cacti 
(65657, 66414, exchange) ; 27 cacti 
(66444, 66744). 

ROWLEE, Prof. W. W., Department 
of Botany, Cornell University, Ith- 
aca, N. Y. : 3 plants, Ochroma, from 
Central America ( 65690 ) . 

(See also under Cornell Uni- 

ROWLETT, Mrs. S. C, Halifax, Va. : 
8 plants (66453, 66562). 

under British Government.) 

delphia, Pa.: Exhibit showing lead- 
molding electrotype and McKee 
process of treating electrotypes 
(66196) ; 6 photographs of the Royal 
Electrotype Co.'s plant (66526). 

THE, New York City (through G. E. 
Smith, President) : Royal type- 
writer, No. 10, latest model ; Royal 
typewriter, skeleton model, to af- 
ford inspection of all working parts, 
working model, double size, of the 
Royal tjT)ewriter accelerating key 
lever action, and working model of 
the Royal typewriter roller trip es- 
capement (65698). 

RUNYON, RoBEET, Brownsville, Tex. : 
27 cacti from Texas (65652, 65700, 
65830, 66067) ; 29 plants (66424, 
66518, 66558, 66657, 06747) ; 8 plants, 
Lophophora, from Texas (66031). 

RUSH, Mrs. Paul J., Proctor, Tex.: 
Skin and skull of a pallid white- 
footed mouse, Peromyscus manicu- 
latus pallescens (65247), 

RUST, Henry J., Coeur d'Alene, 
Idaho: Collection of fossil plants 
from Coeur d'Alene (66154). 

RUTH, Prof. Albert, Polytechnic, 
Tex. : 48 plants, 4 plants from Texas, 
and a plant, Opuntia (65403, 66041. 

RUTHVEN, Dr. A. G. (See under 
Michigan, University of. Museum of 

RUZICKA, Rudolph. ( See under the 
Cartei'et Book Club, of Newark.) 

111. (through Prof. Hilary S. Jurica) 
176 specimens of miscellaneous in- 

sects (160 from Lisle, Dupage 
County, 111., and 16 collected in the 
Key Islands, Dutch East Indies) 

SANCHEZ, Dr. Maeio, Sr., Habana, 
Cuba : 19 specimens, 9 species, of 
mollusks from Cuba, including the 
types of 5 new species (65231) ; 9 
specimens, representing 8 species, of 
fossil mollusks from Yedado, near 
Habana, Cuba (65669). 

NACIONAL (through Dr. A. Al- 
faro) : 23 crane flies representing 17 
species, including the tj'pe of a new 
species, from Costa Rica (65671, ex- 

TURA (through Senor Don Carlos 
Renson) : 14 plants from El Salvador 


SAO PAULO, BRAZIL. (See under 
Museu Paulista.) 

SARDESON, Dr. Frederick W., Min- 
neapolis, Minn, (through Interior 
Department, U. S. Geological Sur- 
vey) : Collection of Cretaceous in- 
vertebrate fossils including about 12 
species and over 200 specimens from 
the Arcturus, Hill, and Walker mines 
of the Mesabi Iron Range, Minn. 

SARGENT, C. S. ( See under Harvard 
University, Arnold Arboretum.) 

SASAKI, Madoka, Sapporo, Japan: 
337 specimens, 34 species, of crusta- 
ceans from Japan (66769). 

SAUNDERS, C. F., Pasadena, Calif.: 
3 plants, Selaginell-a, from California 
(66107, 66636). 

SAVAGE, M. F., New York City: 4 
photographs, a daguerreotype, and 2 
tintjTpes of the period of the Civil 
War, and a souvenir badge issued 
on the occasion of the dedication of 
Grant's Tomb, 1897 (65641) ; iron 
lamp said to have been found in the 
trench warfare on the Austrian front 
in the region of Venice, Italy, and 
bought in Rome, Italy (66321), 



SAVILLE, Dr. Marshall H. (See 
under Museum of the American In- 
dian, tlie Heye Foundation.) 

SCALCO, Salvatoee, Washington, 
D. C. : Banana possum (Mannosa) 

SCHAEFFER, Chables. (See under 
Brooklyn Institute of Arts and 
Sciences, Central • Museum, Brook- 
lyn, N. Y.) 

SCHAUS, William, U. S. National Mu- 
seum : 800 specimens of Lepidoptera 
representing 400 species, new to the 
Museum collections, and 55 water 
color paintings of rare species of 
butterflies to represent these species 
in the collection (66534). 

SCHEERPELTZ, Prof. Otto and Prof. 
Emil MOCZARSKI, Staatsreal- 
schule, Vienna, Austria (through the 
Entomological Society of Washing- 
ton ) : 244 specimens of cave and sub- 
terranean Coleoptera, representing 
100 species new to the Museum col- 
lections (66077). 

City : 6 specimens of pharmaceutical 
preparations (65874). 

COMMISSION, Kollund, Schleswig 
(through C. B. Mace, Secretary Gen- 
eral) : 3 sets of postage stamps is- 
sued during the international com- 
mission's administration of the pleb- 
iscite area in Schleswig, 1919-20 

SCHMID, Edwabd S., Washington, D. 
C. : 24 birds, including 2 Amazon 
parrots (66303, 66447, 66621, 66661). 

SCHOCK, Oli\'eb D., Harrisburg, Pa. : 
2 photographs of a shrub from Penn- 
sylvania (65957) ; plant, trailing 
juniper, from Pennsylvania (65962). 

SCHROEDER, Miss Em-Sidell, Wash- 
ington, D. C. : A bark cloth (Kapa) 
pillow cover, 2 samples of hand 
weaving, and a specimen of a chun- 
dri with knots united (65433). 

SCHUCHERT, Prof. Chaeles. (See 
under Yale University.) 

SCHULTZ, Dr. Adolph H., Carnegie 
Laboratory, Johns Hopkins Medical 
School, Baltimore, Md. ( through Dr. 
O. P. Hay) : Left ramus of lower 

SCHULTZ, Dr. Abolph H.— Contd. 
jaw, containing two molars, of the 
fossil peccary, Tayassii lenis, from 
the Pleistocene, Calvert County, 
Maryland ; also an X-ray negative 

SCHULZ, Miss Ellen D., San Antonio, 
Tex.: 212 plants from Texas (2 
through Prof. O. F. Cook) (65270, 
65498, 66166, 66269, 66682) ; 161 
plants from Texas and New Mexico 
(65583) ; 2 plants, Af a mm ill aria 

SCHWARZ, Dr. E. A., U. S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, Washington, D. 
C : About 200 beetles, Tenebrionidae, 
representing genera not in the Mu- 
seum collections (66749) : 100 beetles 
collected at Plummer Island, Md., in 
1920 (65762). 

SCHWARZ, Di-. E. A., and Heebeet S. 
BARBER, U. S. Department of Ag- 
riculture, Washington, D. C. : 1,000 
beetles from Plummer Island, Md. 

SCIDMORE, Miss Eliza Ruhamah, 
Washington, D. C. : 2 Korean straw 
figures (65511). 

PARTMENT, Division of Biology, 
Georgetown, Demerara, British 
Guiana : 3 vials of shipworms, mol- 
lusks, from British Guiana (65530). 

SCOLLICK, J. W., U. S. National Mu- 
seum : Daguerreotype, silhouette por- 
trait, and an ambrotype portrait, 
also a turtle from Bennings, D. C. 
(65323, 65413). 

SCOTT, Geoege, Hollywood, Calif.: 
African ethnologocal and archeo- 
logical specimens (66755). 

Calif. : 453 specimens representing 
45 species of crustaceans from Cali- 
fornia, and 7 crabs, Pilummis spino- 
liirsutus (65633, 66401) ; (through 
Myrtle E. Johnson) : 4 coelenterates 
from California (66255). 

SEBASTIEN, E., St. Thomas, Virgin 
Islands of the United States: Fruit 
of the screw pine, Pandanus syl- 
vestris and a photograph of the same 



SECHRIST, E. Lloyd, Washington, 
D. C. : Model of Tahitian outrigger 
canoe, and 3 photographs of scenes 
in Tahiti (66392). 

SilGUY, Mons. E., Museum d'Historio 
Naturelle, Paris, France: 24 speci- 
mens of mosquitoes, and 29 speci- 
mens, 12 species of named mos- 
quitoes (66242, 66300). 

SEIFRIZ, Dr. William, Johns Hop- 
kins University, Baltimore, Md. : 2 
ferns from Java ( 66128 -). 

SELLS, Mrs. Cato, Washington, D. C. : 
White lace veil and black lace veil 
made by Miss Abigail Sias, of Dan- 
ville, Conn., about 1830 (66629). 

SEOANE, Lieut. Col. C. A., Signal 
Corps, U. S. Army, Seattle, Wash.: 
Polychaete worm, type of new species 

SETCHELL, Prof. W. A. (See under 
Carnegie Institution of Washington.) 

SEYMOUR, Mrs. Henry, Ancon, Canal 
Zone: Earthenware double jar of 
recent make, from Honduras; me- 
tate of cellular lava and a pottery 
jar with painted designs, both from 
Honduras, also a stone image from 
Mexico (65350). 

SHANNON, R. C, Entomological De- 
partment, Cornell University, Ithaca, 
N. Y. : Specimen of an unknown 
drosophilid from Camp Meade, Md., 
2 specimens of a very small species 
of anthomyidae collected at Ithaca, 
N. Y., and 602 beetles from Wash- 
ington State (65739, 65776, 66106). 

SHARKIE, Rev. Antonixjs, Washing- 
ton, D. C. : Wooden balance for 
weighing money from Syria (66420). 

SHAW, Dr. E. W., Washington, D. C. : 
200 specimens, 6 species, of land 
sheUs from Bolivia (66141). 

SHEPHERD, Alexander R., 2d, Tung- 
stonia, Nev. (through Mr. F. L. 
Hess) : Specimen of hubnerite from 
60 miles northeast of Ely, Nev. 

SHEPPARD, M. J., Washington, D. C. : 
Fossil pecten from the Tertiary rocks 
of Contra Costa County, Calif. 

SHEPPARD, Walter B., Jackson, 
Wyo. : Small collection of plants 
from Wyoming (66036). 

SHIDELER, Prof. W. H., Miami Uni- 
versity, Oxford, Ohio : Collection of 
rare Upper Ordovician fossils from 
Oxford, Ohio (65818, exchange). 

SHORT, George H., Salt Lake City, 
Utah (through Victor C. Heikes) : 
Specimen of sphalerite from the 
Judge mine. Park City, Utah 

SHREVE, Dr. Forest, Desert Labora- 
tory, Tuscon, Ariz. : Plant, cactus, 
from Arizona (65658). 

SHUFELDT, Dr. R. W., U. S. Army 
(retired), Washington, D. C. : 7 
small mammals from South America 
(65523) ; plant, Meibomia, from the 
District of Columbia (65579) ; 2 
skeletons of fishes, a dried fish, and 
skeleton of a hawk (66277). 

SHUFELDT, Dr. R. W., U. S. Army 
(retired), Washington, D. C, and 
Dr. A. d'E. TAUNAY, Sao Paulo, 
Brazil: 3 skeletons of fishes (66278). 

SHUFELDT, Mrs. R. W., Washington, 
D. C. : Common swift from Great 
Falls, Md. (65471). 

SHURTLEFP, Arthur A., Boston, 
Mass. : Original atomizer or vapor- 
izer made about August 27, 1871, by 
Asahel M. Shurtleff, Boston, Mass. 

SIGMUND, Louis, Goldfield, Nev.: 
Samples of fibrous opal from Esmer- 
alda County, Nev. (65184). 

SIMONS, Mrs. Carrie L., San Diego, 
Calif. : 10 mollusks representing the 
species Schismope califomica, from 
North Coronado Island, Lower Cali- 
fornia (66024). 

SIMPSON, Charles T., Little River, 
Fla. : 36 specimens, 22 subspecies, of 
mollusks, Liguus, from Florida, rep- 
resenting type lots of new subspecies 
described by the donor (65209). 
. SINGEWALD, Prof. Joseph T., Johns 
Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md. 
(through Mr. F. L. Hess) : Specimen 
of wolframite and cassiterite from 
Carmen Mine, Yungas, Bolivia 



SITHENS, E. H., Millville, N. J.: 
Victor "ordinary" bicycle (66457). 
(See also under Lawrence Wor- 

SKEELS, H. C. (See under R. N. 

SLAGLE, Wm. (See under Curtis 
Publishing co.) 

SLOANE, William, New York City: 
Gold watch seal owned by Gen. 
George Washington and presented 
by him to Judge Bushrod Washing- 
ton (66076). 

SLOCUM, A. W., Chicago, 111.: Small 
collection of fresh-water shells from 
Crooked Lake, Bay View, Mich., and 
post-glacial shells and marl from 
Mud Lake, Mich. (65444). 

SMALL, Hon. John M., House of Rep- 
resentatives, Washington, D. C. : 
Silver loving cup presented in 1920 
by the Chinese Chamber of Com- 
merce, Peking, China, to a party of 
American Congressmen (of which 
Mr. Small was chairman) on a tour 
through China and Japan (6616S, 

SMITH, Mrs. F. M., Baltimore, Md. : 
Sword, sash, and 4 belts owned dur- 
ing the Civil War by Bvt. Capt. 
Frank M. Smith, First Maryland 
Volunteers (65536). 

SMITH, G. E. (See under Royal 
T5T)ewriter Co. (Inc.).) 

SMITH, Dr. Hugh M.] Bureau of Fish- 
eries, Washington, D. C. : A series 
of specimens illustrating the chank 
industry of India (65643). 

SMITH, J. A., Canon City, Colo.: 
Specimen of fossil brachiopod from 
the Manitou limestone, near Canon 
City, Colo. (65855). 

SMITH, Capt. John Donnell, Balti- 
mox'e, Md. : 10 plants from Nica- 
ragua, collected by A. Tonduz 

S:MITH, Mrs. Margaret A. S., New 
York City (through Rear Admiral 
R. H. Jackson, U. S. Navy) : Plaster 
death mask of Rear Admiral Wil- 
liam T. Sampson, U. S. Navy (1840- 
1902) (66759). 

SMITH, Miss Maby, Areola, Va. : 
Double egg of a domestic fowl 
S^IITH, Miss Olga, Honolulu, Hawaii : 
48 si)ecimens, 36 species, of Hawaiian 
marine shells (65494) ; 36 specimens, 
representing 5 species of land shells 
from the island of Oahu, Hav/aii 

An oil painting representing the 
Pterodactyl Ornithostoma 
(65185) ; iron wedge used by 
Abraham Lincoln when a resi- 
dent of New Salem, 111., 1830- 
1834, and given by him to his 
instructor in surveying, Mentor 
Graham (65826) ; 2 bronze re- 
plicas of the medal designed by 
A. Bonnetain, 1919, in commemo- 
ration of the services of Marie 
Depage and Edith Cavell 
(65828) ; oil portrait of Rear Ad- 
miral William Harkness, U. S. 
Navy, and gold chronometer 
owned by him (65847) ; about 
6,000 Cambrian fossils (66540) ; 
bronze medal commemorating 
the centennial anniversary of 
the University of Virginia, 1921 
(66628, deposit). 
Smithsonian African expedition 
under the direction of Edmund 
Heller in conjunction tvith the 
Universal Film Manufacturing 
Co. (collected by H. C. Raven) : 
5 mammals, 3 birds, 3 rep- 
tiles, and 1 fish (65475) ; collec- 
tion of mammals, birds, reptiles, 
mollusks, and insects (65771) ; 
collection of mammals, birds, 
reptiles, fish, mollusks, insects, 
and 3 vials of helminths from 
East Africa (65961) ; collection 
of mammals, birds, reptiles, 
fishes, mollusks, insects, and 
helminths from East Africa 
(66059) ; collection of parasites, 
insects, and a lizard (66097). 
Bureau of American Ethnology: 
Skull, bones, and lower jaw, 
found at a village site near 
Gatesville, Tex., and presented 
to Dr. J. W. Fewkes in April, 




Bureau of American Ethnology — 

1919 (65334) ; archeological 
specimens and liuman bones 
found at Indian Hill, Fla., sent 
to tlie Bureau by Mr. Charles 
T. Earle, Palma Sola, Fla. 
(65551) ; stone arrow polisher, 
presented to the Bureau of 
American Ethnology by Dr. 
Walter Roth, of Georgetown, 
British Guiana (65625) ; arch- 
eological material collected in 
the spring of 1920 in northwest- 
ern Arizona and southwestern 
Utah by Mr. Neil M. Judd 
(65764) ; a pseudo .stone imple- 
ment of limestone found by 
Rev. E. N. Kremer, Harrisburg, 
Pa., in the vicinity of Camphill, 
Cumberland County, Pa., and 
presented by him to the Bureau 
(65795) ; 8 human skulls and a 
quantity of human bones col- 
lected by Dr. J. W. Fewkes 
from the Fire Temple group of 
ruins on the Mesa Verde Na- 
tional Park, Colo., during the 
summer of 1920 (66011) ; 25 
skeletons collected during the 
summer of 1920 from the 
Fewkes and Gordon Mounds 
near Nashville, Tenn., by Mr. 
William E. Myer, of Nashville 
(66115) ; archeological material 
collected by Mr. J. A. Jeancon 
for the Bureau of American 
Ethnology from a ruin near 
Taos, N. Mex., in the summer of 

1920 (66156) ; antique Russian 
ax head found at Port Graham, 
Alaska, in 1913 (66290). 

National Museum, collected by 
members of the staff: Bassler, 
R. S. : 10 slabs of fossils illus- 
trating an Ordovician sea beach 
(65819). Foshag, W. F. : Col- 
lection of minerals from Cali- 
fornia, obtained in May, 1920 
( 65416 ) . Gidley, J. W. : 14 speci- 
mens of cacti (66191, 66324) ; 
16 plants (66390) ; collection of 



National Museum — Continued, 
vertebrate remains — mostly 
mammalian — representing a new 
Pliocene fauna, from the San 
Pedro and Sulphur Springs Val- 
leys, Ariz. (66702) ; a large slab 
containing numerous fossil 
bones from the " bone quarry " 
at Agate, Nebr. (66703). Gil- 
more, C. W. : A small collection 
of mammalian fossUs from 
Santa Fe Marls, near Espanola, 
N. Mex. (66610). Hough, Wal- 
ter, a small collection of inverte- 
brate fossils from Polacca, Hopi 
Reservation, Ariz. (65244) ; 
archeological material collected 
at Polacca, Ariz., during the 
summer of 1920 (65301). 
Maxon, William R. : 75 plants 
from New York, Maryland, and 
Virginia (65306). Walcott, 
Charles D. : Skin and skull of a 
mule deer, Odocoileus, 2 goats, 
Oreamnos, and a porcupine, 
Erethizon, collected in Alberta, 
Canada (65897). 

National Museum, oMained by 
purchase: Bronze medal com- 
memorating the achievements of 
the American Red Cross War 
Council, 1917-1919 (2 speci- 
mens) (66212) ; medal of honor, 
distinguished service cross, and 
distinguished service medal, of 
the type awarded by the United 
States Navy Department for 
services during the World War, 
1917-18 (65766) ; 3 prints show- 
ing 3 states of the etching of 
plate No. 183. "Shoveller 
Drake" (66728); 112 Mexican 
plants, collected by C. A. Pur- 
pus (65799) ; silver Indian 
peace medals (6 specimens) 
(66770) ; 112 plants from 
Painted Desert, Ariz. (65761) ; 
109 Uganda plants (65254, 
66389) ; 225 specimens of Mis- 
souri Lower Devonian fossils 
(65971) ; collection of bees con- 
taining 222 specimens, 150 




National Museum — Continued, 
species, of which 72 are para- 
types (65466) ; 98 beetles of the 
family Tenebriouidae, including 
cotypes of 64 species (65486) ; 
'90 plants from Kamerun (65198, 
65309) ; effigy jar made by the 
so - called mound builders 
(66459) ; 1,838 plants collected 
by Mr. E. H. Wilson, in eastern 
Asia (66129) ; 394 Chinese 
plants collected in Yunnan by 
Schoch, and 400 Chinese plants 
collected by Purdon (66326) ; 
250 plants from Yunnan, China, 
collected by Simeon Ten 
(66365) ; 729 plants from Para- 
guay (65553) ; 160 plants from 
Oregon and California (66317) ; 
25 mosses (66342) ; paper cur- 
rency of the type issued in Ger- 
many and Austria during the 
World War, 1914-1918 (450 
specimens) (65292) ; 6 volcanic 
rocks from Hegau and Schem- 
nitz (66126) ; a fossil elephant 
skull (65481) ; 579 specimens of 
Diptera, including 215 types and 
cotypes (66060) ; patchwork 
quilt, specimens of Javanese cot- 
ton fabric, and 2 specimens of 
printed India calico (65628) ; 
2 United States silver half dol- 
lars commemorating the Pilgrim 
Tercentenary, 1920 (65607) ; 
foreign postage stamps issued 
1914-1920 (688 specimens) 
(65378) ; 250 plants from Ecua- 
dor (65290) ; exhibition slab 
of Silurian crinoids (66693) ; 
bronze commemorative medals 
of the World Vv'ar, 1914-1918 (9 
specimens) (66112) ; 5 lamps 
(66046) ; 24 specimens of carved 
ivory from Africa (66589) ; 3 
specimens of minerals consisting 
of maucherite, phosphosiderite, 
and klaprothite (66008). 
National Museum, made in the 
Anthropological Labo ratory : 
Plaster casts (in triplicate) of a 
stone pipe found on the south 



National Museum — Continued, 
bank of Snake River in Gar- 
field County , Wash., original 
furnished by Mr. E. W. Gibson, 
of Pomeroy, Wash, (65438) ; 
4 plaster casts of medicine or 
pigment plate, the original of 
which is the property of Mr. 
A. G. Curtis, Prescott, Ariz. 
(66175) : 2 plaster casts of an 
old Indian pipe, the original of 
which is in the custody of Mr. 
Edward Butts, curator. Library 
Museum, Kansas City Public 
Library, Kansas City, Mo. 
(66289) ; 3 plaster casts of jad- 
eite "Bird God" (Tuxtla statu- 
ette) (66325) ; 2 plaster casts of 
a celt from Brazil, original the 
property of Dr. H. S. Washing- 
ton, Geophysical Laboratory, 
Washington, D. C. (66668). 

National Museum, made in the Me- 
ohanical Technology Laboratory: 
Model of Leonard da Vinci's 
aircraft 1490 A. D., made from 
da Vinci's own notes, scale one- 
fourth (65503) ; model of Hen- 
sen's "Aerial steam carriage " 

National Zoological Park: Griffon 
vulture. Gyps ftdvus, crowned 
crane, Balearica pavonia, 2 speci- 
mens of European robin, Eri- 
thaous rubecula, 3 specimens of 
red-billed hilltit, Liothrix luteus, 
mute swan, Cygnus gibbus, up- 
land goose, Chloephaga leucop- 
tera, scarlet ibis, Ouara rubra, 
whistling swan, Olor columbi- 
anis, spur-winged goose, Pleo- 
tropterus gambensis, Australian 
crested pigeon, Ocyphaps lo- 
photes, and egg of king vulture, 
Sarcoramphus papa (65237) ; 
skin and skeleton of a deer, 
Mazama simplicicornis, and skin 
and skeleton of a rat, Myocastor 
coypus (65337) ; young lion, 
Felis leo (65603) ; bandicoot, 
Perameles nasuta (alcoholic), 
kangaroo, Petrogale penicillata 



Natalonal Zoological Park — Con. 
(alcoholic), skull of a coyote, 
Canis latrans, and skin and skull 
of a kangaroo, Macropus gigan- 
teus (65804) ; skin and skull of 
a fox squirrel, Sciurus niger, 
and skin and skeleton of a sooty 
paca, CuniouJus paca (65941) ; 
golden pheasant, Chrysolophus 
pictiis, little brown crane, Grus 
canadensis (2 specimens) ; white 
eyed duck, Nyroca nyroca, kea 
parrot, 'Nestor notabilis, white- 
faced tree-duck, Dendrocygna 
viduata, sultana, Porphyria cal- 
vus, scarlet ibis, Ouara. rubra 
(2 specimens) ; roseate spoon- 
bill, Ajaja ajaja (6G042) ; skin 
and skull of a goat, Oreamnos 
montanus, and a monkey, Ala^ 
caca rhesus (alcoholic) (66088); 
egg of the large Indian paro- 
quet, Conurus n ep al ensis 
(66178) ; skin and skeleton of a 
hunting dog, Lycaon pictus 
(66265) ; skin and skeleton of a 
monkey, Papio ham,adryas, skin 
and skeleton of a bandicoot, 
Peramelcs nasuta, and a nine- 
banded armadillo, Dasypus nov- 
emcinctus (alcoholic) (66566) ; 
piping-crow-shrike, Gymnorhina 
tibicen, and a sun - bittern, 
Eurypyga helias (66624). 

SODERSTROM, LuDOVic, Quito, Ecua- 
dor : Bulbs of 2 species of plants 
from Ecuador (65431). 

SOHNER, Harey L., Washington, 
D. C. : Indian chief's beaded coat 
from Valdez, Alaska (66029). 

SOLIS, Seiior Dr. Octavio, Mexico 
City, Mexico : 3 plants from Mexico 
(66412, exchange) ; 3 plants (cacti) 
from Mexico (66516). 

SOMMER, Dr. H. Otto, Washington, 
D. C: A love flute of the Ute In- 
dians, Ute Mt., S. E. Colorado 

Department of Geology, Vermillion, 
S. Dak. (through Prof. Freeman 

OF — Continued. 
Ward, State Geologist) : Skeletal 
material, consisting of 3 complete 
skeletons, 11 skulls, and a few mis- 
cellaneous bones, excavated and col- 
lected by the University of South 
Dakota in connection with the State 
Geological Natural History Survey, 
from the old Arikara and Mandan 
village sites on the flood plains of 
the Missouri River in South Dakota 
(65650) ; 140 plants from South Da- 
kota (65744). 

CO., St. Louis, Mo. : Jawbone with 
teeth intact of the fossil shark, 
Edestus heinrichsii, from the Shiloh 
mine, near Shiloh, 111. (65964). 

SPAULDING, Irwin, Honolulu, Ha- 
waii : 85 specimens, 69 species, of 
marine shells from the Hawaiian 
Islands (65500). 

SPIER, George W., Chevy Chase, Md. : 
English silver watch, about 200 years 
old, marked on the works " G. 
Windle, London, #3926" (65613); 
French silver watch marked 
"L'Epine a Paris," and an English 
silver watch, " Charles Dunning, 
London " (65646) ; lady's gold watch, 
Swiss make, 1860; gold watch, en- 
graved gold dial, English make, 
1840 ; silver double-case watch, Irish 
make, 1760; silver double-case 
watch, English make, 1820, and old- 
time gold watch key (66499). 

SPITZKA, Dr. Edward Anthony, Bu- 
reau of War Risk Insurance, Wash- 
ington, D. C. : Human brains, ethno- 
logical and archeological specimens, 
shells, fossils, minerals, and 11 
echinoderms (66608, 66609). 

SPRINGER, Dr. Frank, East Las 
Vegas, N. Mex. : Samples of molyb- 
denite, from near East Las Vegas 

SQUIBB & SONS, E. R., New York 
City: 15 specimens of pharmaceu- 
tical preparations (66203). 

STAHEL, Dr. Gerold, Paramaribo, 
Surinam : 3 specimens of cacti from 
Surinam (65392). 



STANBROUGH, William Monell, 
Custodian, Falls House Memorial 
Collection, Newburgh, N. Y. : Cast of 
fragment of carved soapstone Indian 
head (G5853). 

STANDLEY, J. E., Seattle, Wash.: 
Freak tooth of a walrus from the 
Arctic region (65489). 

STANLEY-BROWN, Mrs. G., James R. 
GARFIELD, Dr. Harey A. GAR- 
Irwin McD. GARFIELD (through 
Mrs. G. Stanley-Brown, Kew Gar- 
dens, Long Island, N. Y.) : Lavender 
satin dress worn by Mrs. Lucretia A. 
Garfield at the inaugural ball on the 
occasion of the inauguration of her 
husband. President James A. Gar- 
field, in 1881 (66111). 

STANTON, Dr. T. W. ( See under Al- 
bert L. Beekly, and R. K. Thomas. ) 

STAPLES, A. H., Douglas, Ga. : Fossil 
teeth of mammoth, mastodon, and 
shark (66671). 

STARR, Douglas N., Washington, 
D. C. : Gold, nickel, and silver coins 
of the United States, Germany, Great 
Britain, Japan, and China (17 speci- 
mens) (65457, loan) ; 2 United 
States silver half dollars commemo- 
rating the Pilgrim Tercentenary, 
1920 (65575, loan) ; United States 
and German coins issued 1834-1913 
(8 specimens) (65656, loan) ; a Fili- 
pino spearhead from Luzon, an In- 
dian spearhead from Montana, an 
Indian-made fx*ontier knife, and a 
pair of Sioux moccasins (65843) ; 
United States silver half dime issued 
in 1795, Bechtler gold dollar, and a 
United States twenty-dollar gold 
piece issued in 1850 (66554, loan). 

plicas (set in marble) of the obverse 
and reverse of the gold medal of 
honor presented by the Italian Na- 
tional Committee, founded for that 
purpose, to King Victor Emanuel III 
as commander in chief of the army 
and navy, as a national testimonial 
of the deeds of heroism and sacrifice 
performed by the Italian people dur- 
ing the World War (65545). 

(See also under Bartolomew Mc- 
Intire, and Ernest B. Price.) 
71305°— 21 13 

STEEPLES, Dan P., Sumner, Wash.: 
A large sheet of " fungus paper," the 
mycellium of the quinine fungus. 
Pomes laricis, taken from a cavity in 
a 4-foot Douglas fir at Hillsboro, 
Oreg., 1893 (66764). 

STEVENS, Prof. O. A., Agricultural 
College, N. Dak. : 15 plants from 
North Dakota (65687) ; 10 named 
specimens of bees representing 6 
species, of which 4 are represented 
by types (65796). 

STEWART, Don, Oruro, Bolivia 
(through Mr. F. L. Hess) : Speci- 
men of wolframite from the Con de 
Auqui district, Bolivia (66150). 

STEWART, R. R., Gordon College, 
Rawalpindi, India (through Miss 
Katherine D. Kimball, Bureau of 
Plant Industry, U. S. Department of 
Agriculture, Washington, D. C.) : 32 
specimens of Himalayan ferns 

STILL, Dr. George A., Kirksville, Mo. : 
Bust and medallion of Dr. Andrew 
Taylor Still, founder of osteopathy 

Riksmuseets Botaniska Avdelning.) 

STOW, Norman C, Washington, D. C. : 
Pair of epaulets worn by Col. E. W. 
Chastain, Eighth Georgia Regiment, 
Confederate States Army, during the 
Civil War (66506, loan). 

STUBBS, Dr. A. R., Tampico, Mexico 
(through Department of Commerce, 
Bureau of Fisheines, Washington, 
D. C.) : 9 specimens of fish, 0am- 
husia nicaraguensis, from Tuxpam, 
Mexico (66553). 

SUFFERN, Robert A., Plainfield, N. 
J. : Small collection of Pleistocene 
shells from a marl bed at Marks- 
boro, N. J. (65917). 

SUKSDORF, W. N., Bingen, Wash.: 
14 plants, Selaginella, chiefly from 
the western United States (66044.) 

New York City (through Mr. Ed- 
ward B. Chamberlain) : 60 mosses 
( QQ495, exch a nge ) . 

SUMMERS, Mrs. Maddin, Washington, 
D, C. (through Mrs. R. G. Hoes: 
Laces, bed spread, and pillow shams 
(11 specimens) (66771, loan). 



SURR, GoKDON, San Bernardino, 
Calif. : 2 varieties of minerals, as- 
bolite and alexandrolite (?), from 
Tulare County, Calif. (65882). 

SWALES, B. H., U. S. National Mu- 
seum : 13 bird skins from the Old 
World representing species mostly 
new to the Museum (65595) ; egg of 
emu, Dromiceius novaeliollandiae 
(66179) ; 8 bird skins, mostly new to 
the Museum collections (66276) ; 20 
bird skins from the Old World 

SWART S, Clifton R., Guaymas, 
Sonora, Mexico : Living cactus from 
Mexico (66519). 

SWASEY, Ambrose, Cleveland, Ohio: 
Bronze portrait plaque of the donor 
designed by Victor D. Brenner, 1915 

SWISHER, C. Lee: An exhibition 
specimen of Devonian starfish from 
Tucker County, W. Va. (65629). 

AUSTRALIA. (See under Austra- 
lian Museum.) 

TABER, Prof. Stephen, University of 
South Carolina, Columbia, S. C. 
(through Dr. T. Wayland Vaughan) : 
Fossil coral from Swan Island, West 
Indies (66479). 

TABOR, I. C, Danbury, Wis.: Moth. 
Telea polyphemus (66677). 

TAUNAY, A. d'E. (See under Museu 
Paulista, and Dr. R. W. Shufeldt.) 

TAYLOR, Mrs. Frances Long, Athens, 
Ga. (through Miss Katherine Woot- 
ten, Washington, D. C.) : Printed 
documents relating to the first use 
of ether as an anaesthetic in surgery 
in 1842 by Dr. Crawford W. Long 
(65997) ; articles and documents re- 
lating to the life and career of Dr. 
Crawford W. Long, the first to use 
ether as an anaesthetic in surgery 
(66216, loan). 

TAYLOR, Capt. William, Granbury, 
Tex. : Cast from the interior of a 
fossil raollusk (66104). 

Tex. : Specimen of the Throup, 
Tex., meteorite (65858, deposit). 

THOIVIAS, R. K., Navajo, Ariz, 
(through Dr. T. W. Stanton) : 
Specimens of mollusks, Oreohelix 
utahensis, from Hardscrabble Draw, 
near Zuni Sacred Lake, Apache 
County, Ariz. (66646). 

THOMPSON, Charles A., Hillsdale, 
Mich. : Specimen of the fossil 
cephalopod, Huronm (66073). 

THOMPSON, Dr. Lewis R., Fincastle, 
Va. : Bat, reptiles, and insects col- 
lected in the southwestern part of 
the Hunan Province, China (65432) ; 
(through the American Consul, 
Changsha. China) original photo- 
graph showing poppy field in bloom 
(65546) ; 9 bees and wasps and 15 
reptiles and amphibians (66079). 

THOMPSON, Mrs. Otto, Glacier Park, 
Mont. : 21 plants from Montana 

THORNBER, Prof. J. J., University of 
Arizona, Tucson, Ariz. : Cactus from 
Arizona (65891). 

THORNTON, C. W., Nome, Alaska: 
35 plants from Alaska (65707). 

THORPE, Col. G. C, U. S. Marine 
Corps, Washington, D. C. : Speci- 
mens from Santo Domingo, in eth- 
nology, ceramics, American arche- 
ologj', and mechanical technology. 
(66707, loan). 

TILLES, George, Jr., Wilmington, N. 
C. : 2 living specimens of Venus's 
fly-trap, Dionaea miiscipula, from ' 
North Carolina (66508). 

TILLYARD, Dr. R. J., Nelson, New 
Zealand: 6 specimens of rare two- 
winged flies from New Zealand, in- 
cluding two named species (65462). 
(See also under Cawthron Insti- 
tute of Scientific Research, 

TIMBERLAKE, P. H., Honolulu, Ha- 
waii : 32 specimens of determined 
Opiinae, representing 5 species, with 
para types of one (65768). 

(See also under Hawaiian Sugar 
Planters' Association, Experi- 
ment Station.) 

TINSLEY, R. W., Southwestern Uni- 
versity, Georgetown, Tex. : Skin of 
a bridled weasel, Mustela frenata 



TITTLE, Walter, New York City: 2 
dry-point artist-proof etcliings from 
life of President Harding (profile 
and full face), by the donor 

TOLMAN, R. P., U. S. National Mu- 
seum : 5 photographs (portraits) by 
jM. B. Brady and GO silver prints, 
plain (portraits) (65330) ; a photo- 
graph of General Sherman, by M. B. 
Brady (65556). 

TONDUZ, Seiior Don A., San Jose, 
Costa Rica: Cactus from Costa 
Rica, and 2 plants, Ficus, from Cen- 
tral America (66005, 66183). 
(See also under Guatemala.) 

logical Department, Toronto, Can- 
ada (through A. H. Leim) : 20 spec- 
imens, 3 species, of amphipods from 
Nova Scotia (66529). 

TORRE, D. Carlos, de la, University 
of Habana, Habana, Cuba : 8 speci- 
mens representing 2 species of tei-- 
restrial isopods from Cuba (65206). 

TOTHILL, John. (See under Cana- 
dian Government, Department of 

TOTTEN, Maj. George Oakley, Jr., 
Washington, D. C. : 2 specimens of 
the l^'ucatan goldfinch, AstragaUnus 
psaltria joiiyi, from Merida, Yuca- 
tan (66355). 

TREADWELL, Prof. A. L., Vassar 
College, Poughkeep.sie, N. Y. 
(through Carnegie Institution of 
Washington) : 2 marine mollusks, 
Cryptoplax oculatus, from Samoa 
(65815) ; 2 specimens of a myrio- 
pod, Leodice rubro-vittata, from To- 
bago, British West Indies (66136). 


Bureau of Internal Revenue 14 
specimens of opium products 

TREMPER, Dr. R. H., Los Angeles, 
Calif. : 6 land shells, Epiphragmo- 
phora traskii zechae, from Califor- 
nia (66525). 

TRUE, W. J., East Falls Church, Va. : 
Snake fro'm East Falls Church 

TSUDA, Miss Ume : Brass crucifix 
from Italy (66709). 

TWEED, Mrs. Mary R., Washington, 
D. C. : Child's doll and lady's bonnet 
of 1850 (65905). 

TYLOR, J. E., Washington, D. C. : 
Congo eel, Amphiiima means, from 
Fort Myers, Fla. (66496). 

Washington, D. C. (through the Post 
Office Department) : Postage stamps 
of the Ukrainian People's Republic 
(14 specimens) (66236) ; (through 
the Library of Congress) postage 
stamps of the Ukranian People's Re- 
public (14 specimens) (66254). 

ULKE, Titus, Washington, D. C. : A 
framed portrait of Lord Elgin taken 
in 1855 by Henry Ulke, one of the 
first photographic portraits worked 
up in water color and Indian ink 
(66555, loan) ; through F. V. Co- 
ville ; 5 plants from the vicinity of 
Washmgton, D. C. (66678) ; 2 plants 
from the vicinity of Washington, 
D. C. (66700). 

ULREY, Dr. A. B. ( See under Venice 
Marine Biological Station.) 

ULRICH, Dr. E. O. (See under Dr. 
W. O. Hotclikiss.) 

Washington, D. C. : Bronze statue, 
entitled " Crusading for the Right," 
designed by Charles Raphael Peyre, 
in commemoration of the services of 
the United States Marines at the 
battle of Chateau-Thierry (65733). 

(through Dr. E. Fullerton Cook, 
Chairman of the Revision Commit- 
tee, Philadelphia, Pa.) : Manuscripts, 
proofs, and historical documents re- 
lating to the Sixth, Seventh, and 
Eighth Revision of the United States 
Pharmacopoeia (65788) ; (through 
Dr. Murray Gait Motter, Washing- 
ton, D. C.) : A typewritten copy of 
the Proceedings of the Seventh, 
Eighth, and Tenth Decennial Con- 
ventions of the U. S. Pharmacopoeial 
Convention (Inc.), for the Revision 
of the U. S. Pharmacopoeia (66344, 



ING CO., New York City : Copies of 
the films of the picture " Ship- 
wrecked Among the Cannibals " 
(See also under Smithsonian In- 
stitution. ) 

UPPERCU, iNGLis M., New York 
City : Gasoline automobile, the sec- 
ond machine designed and con- 
structed by Charles E. Duryea, and 
tested on the road early in Septem- 
ber, 1893 (65715). 

VANATTA, E. G., Philadelphia, Pa.: 
6 mollusks, Opeas pumiUum, living 
in decayed boards of fences in Phil- 
adelphia (65202). 

VAN ESELTINE, G. P., Bureau of 
Plant Industry, U. S. Department of 
Agriculture, AVashington, D. C. : 64 
plants, chiefly from the United States 

(See also under S. B. Parish, and 
Pomona College.) 

Entomological Laboi*atory, Stone- 
henge, Charlottesville, Va. : 4 type 
specimens of a beetle, Melanotus 
hyslopi (66463). 

VAUGHAN, Dr. T. Wayland, U. S. 
Geological Survey, Washington, 
D. C. : 150 specimens, 18 lots, of 
land and fresh-water shells from 
Mexico (66460). 

(See also under J. A. BuUbrook, 
E. De Golyer, and Prof, Stephen 

VAUPEL, F., Botanisches Garten, Dali- 
lem, Berlin, Germany : Plant, cactus, 
from Peru (65680). 

VEATCH, Chaeles, Kansas City, Mo. : 
Mollusk, Tellina idae, collected by 
the donor in the vicinity of Long 
Beach, Calif. (66667). 

STATION, University of Southern 
California, Los Angeles, Calif, 
(through Dr. A. B. Ulrey) : 10 plus 
specimens, 3 species, including the 
type of 2 new species of parasitic 
copepods from fishes in the aquaria 
at the Venice Marine Biological 
Station (65617) ; a collection of 

STATION— Continued, 
mollusks, hydroids, trematodes, 
bryozoans, echinoderms, and salpa 
collected in the vicinity of the 
Venice Marine Biological Station off 
southern California (65631). 

VONSEN, M., Petaluma, Calif.: 16 
specimens of minerals from Cali- 
fornia (65219) ; specimen of selenite 
in colemtmite, from Borate, Calif. 
(66627). Exchange. 

WAITE, M. B., Bureau of Plant In- 
dustry, U. S. Department of Agricul- 
ture, Washington, D. C. : Plant from 
Maryland (65774). 

WALCOTT, Mrs. Charles D., Wash- 
ington, D. C. : 3 specimens of lichens 
from Alberta, Canada (65944) ; 3 
plants, Trillium (66514). 

WALFORD, Edwin A., F. G. S., West 
Bar, Banbury, England : 28 speci- 
mens of fossil invertebrates from the 
neighborhood of Banbury, England 

WALKER, H. Edward, Baltimore, 
Md. : 464 miscellaneous microscopic 
mounts of natural history objects in 
mahogany slide case, 1 small re- 
ducing lens for use with microscope, 
and 1 stone ax (65279). 

WALKER MUSEUM. ( See under Chi- 
cago, University of.) 

WALKER, Robert S., Chattanooga, 
Tenn. : Gall from Tennessee (65308). 

WALKER, Mrs. William H., Wash- 
ington, D. C. (through Mrs. R. G. 
Hoes) : Articles of infant's costume 
from the Walker family of Washing- 
ton, period of 1815-30 (65459, loan). 

WALLING, Harry (through Charles 
T. Earle, Palma Sola, Fla.) : 10 
specimens of fossil bones from the 
east coast of Tampa Bay, Manatee 
County, Fla. (66353). 


General Staff of the United States 
Army: Historical Branch: 5 re- 
productions on tracing paper, 
actual size, of character sketches 
found on the walls' of a German 
dugout in the Mont-Sec region, 
France, by the American Expe- 
ditionary Forces, 1918 (65479). 





Air Service: Specimens represent- 
ing 4 standard grades of cotton 
and linen airplane and balloon 
fabrics, together witli samples 
of converted balloon and air- 
plane cloth (65668) ; chemicals 
used in watei"proofing and fire- 
proofing airplane wings (22 
specimens) (65813) ; military 
airplane engines of the type used 
during the World War (8 speci- 
mens) (66743). 

Motor Transport Corps: 2 German 
motor trucks and a German trac- 
tor captured by American Expe- 
ditionary Forces in 1918 during 
the World War (65361). 

Ordnance, Office of the Chief of: 
Progress boards illustrating the 
manufacture of military explo- 
sives used during the World 
War (7 specimens) (65515, 
loan ) . 

Quartermaster General, Office of: 
Wound certificate and death cer- 
tificate of the type used by the 
War Department in recognition 
of services during the World 
War, 1914-1918 (65299) ; United 
States Army medals and decora- 
tions (14 specimens), also 2 
victory ribbon bars (65340) ; 
United States Army nurse's uni- 
form and insignia (21 speci- 
mens) (65469) ; United States 
Army standard B truck with 
accessories (66043) ; uniform 
and equipment of Dutch infan- 
tryman, period of the World 
War, 1914-1918 (66239). 

Signal Corps: Carrier pigeon Cher 
Ami which flew from American 
lofts during the World War and 
died June 13, 1919, from the 
effects of a wound received in 
action in France (65696) ; 99 
sepia bromide enlargements 
(65878) ; 109 Brady Civil War 
photographs (65879). 

(See also under British Gov- 
WARD, Prof. Freeman. (See under 
South Dakota, University of.) 

TABLISHMENT, Rochester, N. T. : 
2 examples of the Forsyth County, 
N. C, meteoric iron, and 1 of Chin- 
autla, Guatemala (65375) ; a crystal 
of blue zircon from Queensland, 
AustraUa (65606) ; 100 Ordovician 
fossils from Nevada (65727) ; skull 
and lower jaw of an elephant, and a 
tooth of an elephant from the Pleis- 
tocene at Otranto, Italy (65824) ; 62 
specimens of minerals (65825) ; a 
small collection of Ste. Genevieve 
fossils from Fountain Creek, near 
Waterloo, 111. (66127) ; .skull of the 
fossil reptile, Stephanosaurus, 
(66153) ; specimen of lapiz lazuli 
from Persia (66180) ; 3 trilobites 
from the Devonian of Gerolstein 
(66219) ; a kilogram of uraninite 
from Bohemia (66669) : Exchange. 

WARNER, Maj. Mxjkkay (through his 
widow Mrs. Margaret E. Warner), 
Eugene, Oreg. : Collection of objects 
of Buddhist religious art (66533). 

WARREN, Mrs. J. Keakny, New York 
City (through Mrs. Julian- James, 
Washington, D. C.) : Cluny lace sun- 
shade with ivory handle (66539, 

WASHINGTON, Chables S., U. S. Na- 
tional Museum: 10 crustaceans, 50 
insects, 6 frogs, and 2 lizards col- 
lected by the donor at Hopkins, 
Richland Count.v, S. C. (65533). 

WASHINGTON, Dr. H. S., Geophysi- 
cal Laboratory, Carnegie Institution 
of Washington, Washington, D. C. : 
A columbite crystal from ( ?) Had- 
dam. Conn. (65711) ; specimen of 
aphthitalite from Kilauea, Hawaii 
(65857) ; specimen of rhyolite from 
Sardinia (65894) ; 2 analyzed speci- 
mens of augite (66047). 

(See also under Prof. T. A. Jag- 

WATERSON, James. (See under 
British Government, Imperial Bu- 
reau of Entomology.) 

WATSON, Mrs. H. W., Pinos Altos, N. 
Mex. : 3 prayer sticks from a cave in 
Steamboat Canon, near Pinos Altos 



WATSON, J. R. (See under Florida, 
University of, Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station.) 

WEED, Mrs, Charles R., Seat Pleasant 
Station, Washington, D. O. : Wool 
spinning wheel, yarn reel, Virginia- 
gi-own raw flax, 3 willow baskets, 
and 2 candle molds (65709). 

Philadelphia, Pa.; 6 prints made 
from electrically etched copper plate 

WEIK, Kakl W., Lakeside, Conn.: 
Specimen of igneous rock from 
Lakeside (66182). 

WEIR, Dr. James R., LaboratoiT of 
Forest Pathology, Spokane, Wash.: 
Plant, Selaginella, from Washington 

WELD, L. H., Bureau of Entomology, 
U. S. Department of Agriculture, 
Washington, D. C. : 517 specimens of 
gall-making wasps, Cynipidae, rep- 
resenting 34 new species, described 
by the donor (65491) ; 30 determined 
Cynipidae, representing 9 species, 6 
of which are cotypes (6G751). 

WESTLAKE, S. R., Ironwood, Mich.: 
12 specimens of iron minerals from 
Ironwood (66313, exchange). 

WETMORE, Dr. Alexander. (See 
under Dr. Edwyn P. Reed.) 

WEYHER, W. H., Alta, Utah (through 
Victor C. Heikes) : Specimen largely 
of bismuthinite from the Sells mine, 
Alta, Utah (65666). 

WHERRY, Dr. Edgar T., Bureau of 
Chemistry, U. S. Department of Agri- 
culture, Washington, D. C. : Speci- 
men showing glauberite crystal 
cavities in shale, from York County, 
Pa. (65269) ; 30 ferns from the east- 
ern United States (65688) ; plant 
from Maryland (65724) ; plant, Sela- 
ginella, from Maryland (66557) ; 2 
plants from the District of Columbia 
(66641, 66698). 

(See also under P. B. Arnold.) 

WHITALL TATUM CO., Philadelphia, 
Pa. : 6 pieces of pharmaceutical ap- 
paratus (65273) ; a suppository ma- 
chine with a set of molds (65353) ; 
7 specimens of pharmaceutical equip- 
ment (65716). 

WHITE, Mrs. John Jay, New York 
City: 2 mounted heads of African 
antelopes, Oreotragiis (65490, de- 
WHITE, Capt. S. A., Wetunga, Ful- 
ham, South Australia: 2 bird skins, 
Apheloccphala pectoralis, and A. 
nkiricincta, both species new to the 
Museum collections (65382). 
WHITFORD, H. N., School of Fores- 
try, Yale University, New Haven, 
Conn. : Plant, Cordia, from Mexico 
WICKHAM, H. F,, University of Iowa, 
Iowa City, Iowa: 11 beetles from 
the Bahama Islands (65357). 
WIEGAND, Prof. K. M. (See under 
New York State College of Agricul- 
ture. ) 
WILDER, Dr. George D., American 
Board Mission, Peking, China: 18 
bird skins from North China (66651). 
WILLETT, G., Wrangel, Alaska: 4 
mollusks and 3 foraminifera from 
Forrester Island, Alaska (65611). 
WILLIAMS, Col. Charles A., U. S. 
Army (retired), Washington, D. C. : 
Myriopods (65623). 
WILLIAMS COLLEGE, Williamstown, 
Mass. (through Dr. H. A. Garfield, 
President) : Bronze medal of the 
type awarded in 1919 by Williams 
College to all Williams men in good 
standing, who served in the Army or 
Navy of the United States, or any of 
the Allies during the World War (2 
specimen s ) ( 65708 ) . 

WILLIAMS, Dr. Francis X. (See 
under Hawaiian Sugar Planters' As- 

WILLIAMSON, E. B., Bluffton, Ind. : 
26 dragon-flies and damsel flies from 
the United States, also food of 3 
species (65463) ; skull of a bat, Arti- 
heus jamaicensis, from Rio Frio, 
Colombia (66354) ; 61 dragon-flies 

WILLIAMSON, Thomas N., Graham, 
Va. : Pigeon hawk, Falco colum- 
barius, from Virginia (65468). 

WILLIS, Mrs. Lewis, Beahm, Va.: 
Horned grebe, Colymbus auritus, 
from Virginia (65942). 



Ohio: One sectional Willys-Knight 
one-cylindei- gasoline motor (operat- 
ing), sliowing the sleeve valves and 
other working parts in operative re- 
lation (66187). 
WILSON, Miss Margaret, AVashiug- 
ton, D. C. : Dress of Ellen Louise 
W^ilson, first wife of President Wood- 
row Wilson, worn during his first 
administration, 19ia-1917 (66384, 
WINSLOW, Prof. E. J. Aubumdale, 
Mass. : Plant, Lycopod'mm sabinae- 
foUum, from Vermont (66647). 
WINTERS, Fred E., Santa Barbara, 
Calif.: 14 specimens of water- 
beetles from Santa Barbara and 
Pasadena, Calif. (66130, exchange). 
partment of Geology, Madison, Wis. 
(through Prof. C. K. Leith) : Sam- 
ples of greenalite from Mesabi dis- 
trict, Minn. (66585). 
(through Mrs. F. L. Higginson, Bos- 
ton, Mass.) : 2 paintings by Arthur 
M. Hazard, entitled " Not by Might " 
and "The Spirit of the Armistice" 
used in connection with the Fourth 
United States Liberty Loan, and the 
United States and Canadian Victory 
loans (66470). 
WOODIN, J. F., Lexa, Ark. : Male In- 
dian skull and female Indian lower 
jaw (66527). 
WOOTTEN, Miss Katherine. (See 
under Mrs. Frances Long Taylor.) 

WORCH, Hugo, Washington, D. C: 
Dulcitone from Glasgow, Scotland 
(65482) ; 11 pianos (65928) ; Bach 
harpsichord (66271) ; grand piano 
made by Andrg Stein, Vienna, Aus- 
tria (66705). 
WORSTALL, Lawrence, Millville, 
N. J. (through E. H. Sithens) : Co- 
lumbia "ordinary" bicycle (66456). 
WYND, J. L., Fall Creek, Oreg. : 10 

plants from Oregon (66737). 
New Haven, Conn, (through Prof. 
Charles Schuchert) : Specimens of 
Miocene (?) fossils from Zorritos, 
northern Peru, collected by Dr. E. T. 
Nelson (66098). 
City, Miss. : Fossilized lower jaw of 
a mastodon (65589). 
YOSHIDA, Dr. Sadao: About 300 
specimens of fresh-water mollusks, 
Blanfordia nosoplwra, from Kurume, 
Kyushi, Japan, the intermediate host 
of ScMstosomum japonicum (65637). 
ZETEK, J., Ancon, Canal Zone: 10 
vials of miscellaneous beetles 
ZEVERIJN, S. W. (See under Dr. M. 

Kerbosch. ) 

Copenhagen, Denmark.) 
SITY. (See under Christiania, Nor- 
ZUNDEL, George L., State College, 
Pullman, Wash.: 21 fungi (66315, 


THE FISCAL YEAE 192(>-1921.i 

ALDRICH, J. M. Coloradia paudora 
Blake, a moth of which the cater- 
pillar is used as food by Moua Lake 

Annals Ent, Soc. Amer., 
vol. 14, no. 1, Mar. 
1921, pp. 36-38. 

The Muscoid genera Pseudeu- 

antha and Uramvia (Diptera). 

Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struiis, vol. 9, nos. 4— 
6, Apr.-June, 1921, 
pp. 83-92. 

The anthomyiid senus Athe- 

rlgona in America (Diptera). 

Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struus, vol. 9, nos. 4- 
6, Apr.-June, 1921, 
pp. 93-98, fig. 2. 

(See also under M. C. Van 

BARBOUR, THOMAS. Some reptiles 
from Old Providence Island. 

Proc. Ncto Eng. Zool. 
Club, vol. 7, May 6, 
1921, pp. 81-85. 

and G. K. NOBLE. Amphi- 
bians and reptiles from southern 
Peru collected by the Peruvian ex- 
pedition of 1914-15 under the aus- 
pices of Yale University and the Na- 
tional Geographic Society. 

Proe. U. 8. Nat. Mus., 
vol. .58, no. 2352, 
Jan. 6, 1921, pp. 609- 

BARTSCH, PAUL. A new shipworm. 
Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 33, July 
24, 1920, pp. 69, 70. 

The west American mollusks 

of the families Rissoellidae and 

Synceratidae and the Rissoid genus 


Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 58, no. 2331, 
Nov. 9, 1920, pp. 
159-176, pis. 12, 13. 

The Caecidae and other ma- 

ALEXANDER, C. P., and W. L. Mc- 
ATEE. Diptera of the superfamily 
Tipuloidea found in the District of 


Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mus., 

vol. 58, no. 2344, 

Dec. 7, 1920, pp. 

385-435, pi. 26. 

ASCHEMEIER, C. R. On the gorilla 

and the chimpanzee. 

Joum. Mam., vol. 2, no. 
2, May 2, 1921, pp. 
PENARD. Notes on some Ameri- 
can birds, chiefly neotropical. 

Bull. Mus. Camp. Zool., shipworms and descriptions of some 

vol. 64, no. ^4, Jan., ^^^^ wood-boring mollusks. 

1921, pp. 365-397. p^^^ ^j^j ^^^ Wash- 

BARBER, H. S. (See under H. F. ington, vol. 34, Mar. 

Dietz.) 31, 1921, pp. 25-32. 

• ^ A few papers published prior to this fiscal year are included, having been inadver- 
tently omitted from previous reports. 


rine mollusks from the northwest 

coast of America. 

Joum. Washington 
Acad. 8ci., vol. 10, 
no. 20, Dec. 4, 1920, 
pp. 565-572. 

A new classification of the 



BARTSCH, PAUL. New marine mol- 

lusks from the west coast of 


Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 34, Mar. 
31, 1921, pp. 33-39. 

(See also under Jolm B. Hen- 
derson. ) 

BASSLER, R. S. Tlie Cambrian and 
Ordovician deposits of IMaryland. 

Maryland Geol. Surv., 
Cambrian and Ordo- 
vician, 1919, pp. 1- 
424, pis. 1-58. 

(See also under Ferdinand 


BEAN, Barton A. (See under Henry 

W. Fowler.) 
BELOTE, Theodore T. Commemora- 
tive medals of the World War. 

Daughters Amer. Rev. 
Mag., Dec, 1920, pp. 
667-699, illustrated. 

BENT, A. C. The probable status of 
the Pacific coast Skuas. 

Condor, vol. 23, no. 3, 
June 3, 1921, pp. 

BERRY, Edward W. A palm nut 

from the Miocene of the Canal Zone. 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

vol. 59, no. 2356, 

June 10, 1921, pp. 

21, 22, text figs. 1-3. 

Tertiary fossil plants from 

Costa Rica. 

Proc. V. 8. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 59, no. 2367, 
June 14, 1921, pp. 
169-185, pis. 22-27. 

Tertiary fossil plants from 

the Dominican Republic. 

Proc. V. 8. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 59, no. 2363, 
June 28, 1921, pp. 
117-127, pi. 21. 

BERRY, S. Stillman. Preliminary 
diagnosis of new cephalopods from 
the western Atlantic. 

Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 58, no. 2335, 
Nov. 10, 1920, pp. 
293-300, pi. 16. 

BLAKE, S. F. Nine new plants of 
the genus Stylosanthes. 

Proc. Biol. Soo. Wash- 
ington, vol. 33, July 
24, 1920, pp. 45-53. 

BLAKE, S. F. Five new species of 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Wasfi- 
ington, vol. 33, Dec. 
30, 1920, pp. 107- 

Two new Salvias from Guate- 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 33, Dec. 
30. 1920, pp. 113-115, 
New trees and shrubs from 

Mexico and Guatemala. 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 33, Dec. 
30, 1920, pp. 117- 

Neomillspaughia, a new genus 

of Polygonaceae, with remarks on 

related genera. 

BuU. Torrey Bot. Club, 
vol. 48, no. 3, Mar., 
1921, pp. 77-88, pi. 1. 

The American species of Max- 

imilianea ( Cochlospermum ) . 

Journ. Washington 
Acad. Sd., vol. 11, 
no. 6, Mar. 19, 1921, 
pp. 125-132, figs. 1, 2. 

New trees and shrubs from 


Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 34, Mar. 
31, 1921, pp. 43-46. 

Revisions of the genera Acan- 

thospermum, Flourensia, Oyedaea, 

and Tithonia. 

Contr. U. 8. Nat. Herb., 
vol. 20, pt 10, June 
20, 1921, pp. 383- 
436, pi. 23. 

New Meliaceae from Mexico. 

Proc. Biol. Soc. WasJi- 
ington, vol. 34, June 
30, 1921, pp. 115- 

A new Aspilia from Ti-inidad. 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 34, June 
30, 1921, pp. 119, 
BLANCHARD, Frank N. Three new 
snakes of the genus Lampropeltis, 

Occasional papers, Mus. 
of Zool., Univ. of 
Mich., 81, Apr. 28, 
1920, pp. 1-10, pi. 1. 

A synopsis of the king snakes, 

genus Lampropeltis Fitzinger. 

Occasional papers, Mus. 
of Zool., Univ. of 
Mich., 87, June 24, 
1920, pp. 1-7 and 



BOONE, Peakl L. A new Chinese Iso- 

pod, Ichthyoxenus geei. 

Proc. V. S: Nat. Mus., 
vol. 57, no. 2.319, July 
27, 1920, pp. 497- 
502, pis. 40, 41. 

A new genns and species of 

Isopod from Chile. 

Rev. Chile)vn Hist. Nat., 
anno. 24, no. 2, Mar.- 
Aug. 1920, pp. 25-31, 
pi. 2, 2 figs. 

■ The Isopoda of the Canadian 

Arctic and adjoining regions. 

Rept. Canadian Arctic 
Expedition, 1913-18, 
vol. 7, Crustacea, pt. 
D, Isopoda, Nov. 10, 

1920, pp. 1D-40D. 

Report on the Tanaidacea and 

Isopoda collected by the Barbados- 
Antig-ua Expedition from the Uni- 
versity of Iowa in 1918. 

Univ. Iowa Studies; 
Studies in Nat. Hist., 
vol. 9, no. 5, Mar. 15, 

1921, pp. 91-98, pi. 1. 
BOULENGER, G. A. A monograph of 

the American frogs of the genus 


Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 
and Soi., vol. 55, no. 

9, Aug., 1920, pp. 

BOVING, Adam G. and A. B. CHAM- 
PLAIN. Larvae of North American 
beetles of the family Claeridae. 

Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mus., 

vol. 57, no. 2323, 

Aug. 21, 1920, pp. 

575-649, pis. 42-53. 

BRITTON, N. L. and J. N. ROSE. 

The Cactaceae: Descriptions and 

illustrations of plants of the cactus 

family. 2. 

Carnegie Institution of 
Washington, pub. no. 
248, vol. 2, Sept. 9, 
1920, pp. i-viii, 1- 
239, pis. 1-40, text 
figs. 1-305. 

• Necabbottia, a new cactus 

genus from Hispaniola. 

Smithsonian Misc. Colls., 
vol. 72, no. 9, June 
15, 1921, pp. 1-6, 
plates 1-4, text figs. 
1, 2. 
BUSCK, August. A new Gracilaria 
injurious to Avocado (Lepid.). 

Can. Ent., vol. 52, no. 

10, Oct., 1920. 

CANU, Ferdinand, and Ray S. BASS- 
LER. Fossil Bryozoa fi'om the West 

Carnegie Institution of 
Washington, pub. no. 
291, 1919, pp. 73- 
102, pis. 1-7. 
North American Early Terti- 
ary Bryozoa. 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
no. 106, June 30, 
1920, pp. i-xx, 1-879, 
text figs. 1-279. 
Plates 1-162, July 26, 
CASANOWICZ, I. M. Descriptive 
catalogue of the collection of Bud- 
dhist art in the United States Na- 
tional Museum. 

Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 59, no. 2371, 
June 18, 1921, pp. 
291-347, pis. 44-92. 
CAUDELL, A. N. Cockroaches. 

Chapter 26 of Sanitary 
Entomology by W. D. 
Pierce, pp. 374-382, 
figs. 71-73, 1921, 

■ Some new Orthoptera from 

Mokanshan, China. 

Proc. Ent. 8oc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 23, no. 2, 
Feb. 1921, pp. 27-35, 
figs. 1, 2. 

Hippiscus olancha Caudell, an 

apparently undescribed grasshopper 
from California. 

Ent. News, vol. 32, no. 

5, May, 1921, pp. 

Annelida Polychaeta. Reports on 
an exploration off the west coasts of 
Mexico, Central and South America, 
and off the Galapagos Islands, in 
charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the 
U. S. Fish Commission steamer Al- 
hatross, during 1891, Lieut. Com- 
mander Z. L. Tanner, U. S. Navy, 
commanding, XXXYIII. Reports on 
the scientific results of the expedi- 
tion to the tropical Pacific, in charge 
of Alexander Agassiz, by the U. S. 
Fish Commission steamer Albatross, 
from August, 1899, to March, 1900, 
Commander Jefferson F. Moser, U. S. 
Navy, commanding, XX. Reports on 
the scientific results of the expedi- 
tion to the eastern tropical Pacific, 



CHAMBERLAIN, Ralph V.— Contd. 
in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by 
the U. S. Fish Commission steamer 
Albatross, from October, 1904, to 
March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L. 
M. Garrett, U. S. Navy, command- 
ing, XXXI. 

Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 

vol. 48, July, 1919, 

pp. 1-514, pis. 1-80. 

CHAMPLAIN, A. B. (See xmder 

Adam G. Boving.) 
CHAPIN, James P. Description of 
four new birds from the Belgian 


Amer. Mus. Novitatcs, 
no. 7, April 4, 1921, 
pp. 1-9. 
CHAPMAN, Feank M. The distribu- 
tion of bird life in the Urubamba 
Valley of Peru. A report on the 
birds collected by the Yale-National 
Geographic Society's expeditions. 

Bull. U. S: Nat. Mils., 
no. 117, June 29, 
1921, pp. 1-138, pis. 
CHASE, Agnes. The Linnean con- 
cept of pearl millet. 

Amer. Journ. Bot., vol. 

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Report on the Crinoids col- 
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Univetsity of Iowa 
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Report on the Ophiurans col- 

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University of Iowa 
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CLARK, Austin H. Sea-lilies and 
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Smithsonian Misc. Colls., 
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The steps in the evolution of 


Journ. Washington Acad. 
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CLARK, HowAKD Walton. ( See under 

B. W. Evermann.) 

COCKERELL, T. D. A. A new Trigo- 
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Proc. Ent. Soc. Wasli- 
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Some neotropical meliponid 



Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. 
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Some fossil fish scales from 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 59, no. 2355, June 
10, 1921, pp. 19, 20, 
text figs. 1-7. 

Some Eocene insects from 

Colorado and Wyoming. 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 59, no. 2358, June 
27, 1921, pp. 29-39, 
pi. 8, text figs. 1-9. 

COOKE, Charles Wythe. Tertiary 
mollusks from the Leeward Islands 
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Carnegie Institution of 
Washington, pub. no. 
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156, pis. 1-16. 

COOKE, May Thacher. Birds of the 
Washington region. 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
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COLE, F. R. (See under M. C. Van 
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COVILLE, Frederick V. The influ- 
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growth of plants. 

Journ. Agric. Research, 
vol. 20, no. 2, Oct. 15, 
1920, pp. 151-160, pis. 



COVILLE, Frederick V. A new hy- 
brid — the Katlierine blueberry. 

Journ. Hered., vol. 8, no. 
11, Nov.-Dec, 1920 
(frontispiece, with ex- 
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CRAM, Eloise B. (See under Bray- 
ton H. Ransom.) 

CUSHMAN, Joseph Augustine. Fos- 
sil f Oram inif era from the West 


Carnegie Institution of 
Washington, pub. no. 
291, 1919, pp. 21-71, 
pis. 1-15, text figs. 

The American species of Ortho- 

phragmina and Lepidocyclina. 

Prof. Paper U. S. Oeol. 
Surv., no. 125-D, July 
26, 1920, pp. 39-108, 
pis. 7-35, text fig. 3. 

Lower Miocene Foraminifera 

of Florida. 

Prof. Paper V. S. Oeol. 
Surv., no. 128-B, Aug. 
12, 1920, pp. 67-74, 
pi. 11. 

The foraminifera of the Atlan- 

tic Ocean, Part 2, Lituolidae. 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., no. 
104. Oct. 6, 1920, pp. 
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Foraminifera from the North 

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Proc. V. 8. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 59, no. 2360, June 
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CUSHMAN, R. A. The North Ameri- 
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Lycorini, Polysphinctini, and Thero- 


Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mus., 
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North American Ichneumon- 
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Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 58, no. 2334, Nov. 
8, 1920, pp. 251-292, 
fig. 1. 

North American Ichneumon- 

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Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 58, no. 2340, Nov. 
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CUSHMAN, R. A. The males of the 
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Thaumatotypidea, with descriptions 

of new species. 

Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash- 
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May, 1921, pp. 109- 
112, fig. 1. 

and S. A. ROHWER. Notes 

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der Ichneumon iden Finlands : Sub- 

familie Pimplinae." 

Insecutor Insdtae Mevr 
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DALL, William 'Healey. Pliocene 
and Pleistocene fossils from the Arc- 
tic coast of Alaska and the auri- 
ferous beaches of Nome, Northern 

Sound, Alaska. 

Prof. Paper U. 8. Geol. 
8urv., no. 125-C, Jan. 
27, 1920, pp. 23-37, 
pis. 5, 6. 

A new Alaskan Chiton. 

Nautilus, vol. 34, July, 
1920, pp. 22, 23. 

Turritidae vs. Turridae. 

Nautilus, vol. 34, July, 
1920, pp. 27, 28. 

Two new Pliocene Pectens 

from Nome, Alaska. 

Nautilus, vol. 34, no. 3, 
Jan., 1921, pp. 76, 77. 

Species names in the Portland 

catalogue : I, American. 

Nautilus, vol. 34, no. 3, 
Jan., 1921, pp. 97- 

Summary of the marine shell 

bearing mollusks of the northwest 
coast of America, from San Diego, 
Calif., to the Polar Sea, mostly con- 
tained in the collection of the United 
States National Museum, with illus- 
trations of hitherto unfigured 

Bull. U. 8. Nat. Mus., 
no. 112, Feb. 24, 1921, 
pp. 1-217, pis. 1-22. 

Molluscan species named in 

the Portland catalogue, 1786, part 2, 

foreign species. 

Nautilus, vol. 34, no. 4, 
Apr., 1921, pp. 124- 



DALL, William Healey. Two new 
South American shells. 

Xautilus, vol. 34, no. 4, 
Apr., 1921, pp. 132, 

New fossil invertebrates from 

San Quentin Bay, Lower California. 

The West American Sci- 
entist, vol. 19, no. 2, 
Apr. 27, 1921, pp. 17, 

New shells from the Pliocene 

or Early Pleistocene of San Quentin 
Bay, Lower California. 

The West American Sci- 
entist, vol. 19, no. 3, 
June 15, 1921, pp. 
DAUBNEY, Capt. R. The life his- 
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Joum. Comp. Path, and 
Therap., vol. 33, no. 
4, Dec. 31, 1920, pp. 
225, 226, figs. 1, 2. 
DE CANDOLLE, Casimib. New 
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Bot. Oaz., vol. 70, no. 3, 
Sept., 1920, pp. 169- 
DEWEY, W. A. Smithsonian Insti- 
tution Exhibit of Homeopathy. 

Joum. Afiier. Inst. 

. Homeopathy, vol. 13, 

o. 7, Jan., 1921, pp. 

608, 609, illustrated. 

DIETZ, H. F., and H. S. BARBER. A 

new avocado weevil from the Canal 


Joum. Agric. Research, 
vol. 20, no. 2, Oct. 15, 
920, pp. 114, 115, 
pis. 7-9. 
DIXON, H. N. Reports upon two col- 
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Smithsonian Misc. Oolls., 
vol. 72, no. 3, Sept. 
1, 1920, pp. 1-20, 
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DYAR, Hakbison G. The classifica- 
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Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struus, vol. 8, nos. 7- 
9, July-Sept., 1920, 
pp. 103-106. 

The American Aedes of the 

stimulans ^oup (Diptera). 

Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struus, vol. 8, nos. 7- 
9, Julv-Sept., 1920, 
pp. 106-120. 

DYAR. Harrison G. The larvae of 
Aedes campestris Dyar and Knab 
( Diptera ) , 

Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struus, vol. 8, nos. 7- 
9, July-Sept., 1920, 
p. 120. 

A note on Aedes niphadopsis 

Dyar and Knab (Diptera). 

Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struus, vol. 8, nos. 7- 
9, July-Sept., 1920, 
pp. 138, 139. 

The Grabhamia gi'oup of Pso- 

rophora (Diptera). 

Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struus, vol. 8, nos. 7— 
9, July-Sept., 1920, 
pp. 140, 141. 

A new Noctuid from Oregon 

( Lepidoptera ) . 

Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struus, vol. 8, nos. 7- 
9, July-Sept, 1920, 
p. 146. 

The Aedes of the mountains 

of California and Oregon (Diptera). 

Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 

strmis, vol. 8, nos. 

10-12, Oct.-Dec, 1920, 

pp. 165-173. 

A new Culex from Panama 


Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struus, vol. 8, nos. 
10-12, Oct.-Dec, 1920, 
pp. 173, 174. 

Notes on Aedes fulvus Wiede- 
mann (Diptera). 

Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struus, vol. 8, nos. 
10^12, Oct.-Dec, 1920, 
pp. 174, 175. 

A collection of mosquitoes 

from the Philippine Islands (Dip- 

Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struus, vol. 8, nos. 
10-12, Oct.-Dec, 1920, 
pp. 175-186. 

New Lepidoptera, chiefly from 

Mexico, with synonymic notes. 

Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struus, vol. 8, nos, 
10-12, Oct.-Dec, 1920, 
pp. 187-198. 

Note on the distribution of 

the flood mosquitoes of the West 


Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struus, vol. 8, nos. 
10-12, Oct.-Dec, 1920, 
pp. 198, 199. 



DTAR, Harrison G. The earliest 

name of the yellow-fever mosquito 

( Diptera ) . 

tnsecutor Inscitiae 2fcn- 
atruus, vol. 8, nos. 
10-12, Oct.-Dec, 1920, 
p. 204. 

Comment on " Notes on South 

American IMosquitoes in the British 

Museum." By J. Bonne-Wepster 

and C. Bonne. 

Insecutor Inscitiae Mcn- 
struus, vol. 9, nos 
1-3, .lan.-Mar., 1921, 
pp. 2e-31. 

The male of Psorophora cofflni 

Dyar and Knab (Diptera). 

Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
atruus, vol. 9, nos. 
1-3, Jan.-Mar., 1921, 
p. 31. 

The swarming of Culex quin- 

quefasciatus Say (Diptera). 

Insecutor Inscitiae A'en- 
struus, vol. 9, nos. 
1-3, Jan.-Mar., 1921, 
p. 32. 

Ring-legged Culex in Texas 


Insecutor Inscitiae Mcn- 
struus, vol. 9, nos. 
1-3, Jan.-Mar., 1921, 
pp. 32-34. 

Three new mosquitoes from 

Co.sta Rica (Diptera). 

Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struus, vol. 9, nos. 
1-3, Jan.-Mar., 1921, 
pp. 34-36. 

Notes on the North American 

species of Choeroporpa (Diptera). 

Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struus, vol. 9, nos. 
1-3, Jan.-Mar., 1921, 
pp. 37-39. 

New American Noctuidae and 

notes ( Lepidoptera ) . 

Insecutor Inscitiaie Men- 
struus, vol. 9, nos. 
1-3, Jan.-Mar., 1921, 
pp. 40-45. 

Two new American mosqui- 
toes (Diptera). 

Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struus, vol. 9, nos. 
1-3, Jan.-Mar., 1921, 
pp. 46-50. 

DYAR, Harrison G. A new mosquito 
from East Africa (Diptera). 

Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struus, vol. 9, nos. 
4-6, Apr.-June, 1921, 
pp. 51, 52, fig. 1. 

New forms of American moths 

( Lepidoptera ) . 

Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struus, vol. 9, nos. 
4-6, Apr.-June, 1921, 
pp. 59-68. 

The American Aedes of the 

punctor group ( Diptera ) . 

Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struus, vol. 9, nos. 
4-6, Apr.-June, 1921, 
pp. 69-80, pi. 1. 

Note on Schizura apicalis G. 

and R. (Lepidoptera). 

Insecutor Insciti<ie Men- 
struus, vol. 9, nos. 
4-6, Apr.-June, 1921, 
p. 99. 

Change of preoccupied name 

( Lepidoptera ) . 

Insecutor Insciti<ie Men- 
struus, vol. 9, nos. 
4-6, Apr.-June, 1921, 
p. 99. 

Two new culex from Costa 

Rica (Diptera). 

Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struus, vol. 9, nos. 
4-6, Apr.-June, 1921, 
p. 100. 

EIGENMANN, Carl H. The fishes of 
the rivers draining the western slope 
of the Cordillera Occidental of Co- 
lombia, Rios A^trato, San Juan, 
Dagua, and Patia. 

Ind. Univ. Studies, vol. 
7, no. 46, Sept., 1920, 
pp. 1-19, map. 

A. The fresh-water fishes of 

Panama east of longitude 80° W. 

B. The Magdalena Basin and the 

horizontal and vertical distribution 

of its fishes. 

Ind. Univ. Studies, vol. 
7, no. 47, Dec, 1920, 
pp. 1-34, pis. 1-4. 

EVERMANN, Barton Warren, and 
Howard Walton CLARK. Lake 
Maxinkuckee, a physical and biolog- 
ical survey. 

Dept. of Conservation, 
State of Ind., pub. 



EVERMANN, Barton Warren — Con. 
no. 7, vols. 1, 2, 1920 ; 

vol. 1, pp. i-eeo, 9 

half tone pis., 38 col- 
j ored pis., 23 text figs., 

1 map ; vol. 2, pp. 

EWING, H. E. A Gamasid mite an- 
noying to man. 

Journ. PaHsitol., vol. 6, 
1920v pp. 195, 196, 
fig. 1. 

New predaceous and parasitic 

mites of tlie superfamily Gamaso- 

idea (Acarina). 

Ent. News. vol. 31, no. 
10, Dec, 1920, pp. 
286-293, figs. 1-11. 

The genus Trombicula Ber- 

lese, in America and ttie Orient. 

Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer., 
vol. 13, no. 4, Dec, 
1920, pp. 381-390, 
figs. 1-3. 

FOSHAG, William F. Sulpliolialite 
from Searles Lake, Calif. 

Amer. Journ. Sci., vol. 49, 
Jan., 1920, pp. 76, 77. 

Tliaumasite (and spurrite) 

from Crestmore, Calif. 

Amer. Mineralogist, vol. 
5, Apr., 1920, pp. 80, 

Apthitalite (Glaserite) from 

Searles Lake, Calif. 

Amer. Journ. Sci., vol. 
49, May, 1920, pp. 
367, 368. 

Illustration of the hexagonal 

system. Hematite from New Mex- 

Amer. Mineralogist, vol. 
5, no. 8, Aug., 1920, 
pp. 149-152, text, fig. 

The chemical composition of 

hydrotalcite and the hydrotalcite 
group of minerals. 

Proc. V. S. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 58, no. 2329, Sept. 
9, 1920, pp. 147-153. 

Some recent accessions to the 

mineral collections of the United 
States National Museum. 

Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mus., 

vol. 58, no. 2337, Nov. 

13, 1920, pp. 303-305, 

pis, 18-20. 

FOSHAG, William F. Plazolite, a 
new mineral. 

Amer. Mineralogist, vol. 
5,. no. 11, Nov., 1920, 
pp. 183-185. 

The origin of the colemanite 

deposits of California. 

Econ. Geol., vol. 16, no. 
3, Api-.-May, 1921, pp. 

The isomorphic relations of 

the sulphosalts of lead and copper. 

Amer. Journ. Set., vol. 
1, May, 1921, pp. 

FOWLER, Henry W. and Barton A. 
BEAN. A small collection of fishes 
from Soochow, China, with descrip- 
tions of two new species. 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 58, no. 2338, Nov. 
3, 1920, pp. 307-321, 
figs. 1, 2. 

GAHAN, a. B. New reared parasitic 

Hymenoptera from the Philippines. 

Philippine Journ. Sci., 
vol. 17, no. 4, Oct., 
1920, pp. 343-351. 

On the identity of several spe- 
cies of Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). 

Proc. Ent. Soc Wash- 
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Dec, 1920, pp. 235- 

Remarks on the genus Pleu- 

rotropis with description of a para- 
site of Trachelus tabidus Fabricius 
( Hymenoptera : Chalcidoidea) . 

Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash- 
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May, 1921, pp. 113- 
120, figs. 1, 2. 

GIDLEY, James Williams. New spe- 
cies of Claenodonts from the Fort 
Union (Basa Eocene) of Montana. 

Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. 
Hist., vol. 41, Dec. 8, 
1919, pp. 541-555, pi. 
28, text figs. 1-10. 

Pleistocene peccaries from the 

Cumberland cave deposit. 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 57, no. 2324, 
June 18, 1920, pp. 
651-678, pis. 54, 55. 

(See also under Gerrit S. 




GILBERT, Chables Henry and Carl 

L. HUBBS. The Macrouroid fishes 

of the Philippine Islands and the 

East Indies. 

Bull. U. 8. Nat. Mu8., 
no. 100, vol. 1, pt. 7, 
Oct. 5, 1920, pp. 369- 
588, figs. 1-40. 

GILMORE, Charles W, Dimetrodon 
gigas, a giant spiny lizard from 
Texas bone beds. 

Sci. Amer. Suppl., no. 
2271. July 12, 1919. 
pp. 20, 21, 3 figs. 

New fossil turtles, with notes 

on two described species. 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 56, no. 2292, July 
30, 1919, pp. iia- 
132, pis. 29-37, text 
figs. 1-8. 

An ornithomimid dinosaur in 

the Potomac of Maryland. 

Science (n. s.), vol. 50, 
no. 1295, Oct. 24, 
1919, pp. 394, 395. 

A mounted skeleton of Dime- 

trodon gigas in the United States 
National Museum, with notes on the 
skeletal anatomy. 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

vol. 56, no. 2300, Dec. 

15, 1919, pp. 525- 

539, pis. 70-73, text 

figs. 1-8. 

Reptilian faunas of the Torre- 

jon, Puerco, and underlying Upper 
Cretaceous formations of San Juan 
Covmty, N, Mex. 

Prof. Paper U. 8. Geol. 
Surv., no. 119, 1919, 
pp. 1-71, pis. 1-26, 
text figs. 1-33. 

Osteology of the carnivorous 

Dinosauria in the United States Na- 
tional Museum, with special refer- 
ence to the genera Antrodemus (Al- 
losaurus) and Ceratosaurus. 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
no. 110, Sept. 9, 1920, 
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1-36, text figs. 1-79. 

A new horned dinosaur from 


8ci. Amer. Monthly, vol. 
3, no. 1, Jan., 1921, 
pp. 7, 8, text figs. 
71305°— 21 14 

GILMORE, Charles W. An extinct 
sea lizard from western Kansas. 

Sci. Amer., vol. 124, no. 
14, Apr. 2, 1921, pp. 
273 and 280, 3 text 

Fossil footprints of Texas. 

8ci. Amer., vol. 124, no. 
17, Apr. 23, 1921, pp. 
333 and 340, 4 text 

GIRAULT, A. A. New Serphidoid, 
Cynipoid and Chalcidoid Hymenop- 

Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 58, no. 2332, 
Sept. 9, 1920, pp. 

GREENE, Charles T. A new genus 
of Bombyliidae (Diptera). 

Proc. Ent. 8oG. Wash- 
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Jan., 1921, pp. 23, 24, 
fig. 1. 

Dipterous parasites of saw 


Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 23, no. 2, 
Feb., 1921, pp. 41-43. 

Further notes on Ambopogon 

hyperboreous Greene (Diptera). 

Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 23, no. 5, 
Apr., 1921, pp. 107- 

Two new species of Diptera. 

Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 23, no. 6, 
June, 1921, pp. 125- 
127, fig. 1. 

Common flies and how to tell 

them apart. 

Chapter 9 of Sanitary 
Entomology, by W. D. 
Pierce, pp. 138-152, 
pi. 4, figs. 10-30. 

( See also under W. D. Pierce. ) 

GRINNELL, Joseph. Revised list of 

the species in the genus Dipodomys. 
Journ. Mam., vol. 2, no. 
2, May 2, 1921, pp. 

GRISCOM, Ludlow, and J. T. 

NICHOLS. A revision of the sea- 
side sparrows. 

Aistr. Proc. Linn. Soc. 
New York, no. 32, 

Nov. 3, 1920, pp. 



HALL, Maurice C. Parasitic worms 
of swiue and diseases due to them. 

Poland China Journ., 
vol. 6, no. 23, July 
25, 1920, pp. 196, 197, 
200, figs. 1, 2. 

Apparent atropliy of spicules 

associated witli increasingly close 
and permanent union of the male 
and female Syngamus. 

Journ. Parasitol., vol. 7, 
no. 2, Jan., 1921, p. 

Parasites and parasitic dis- 
eases of sheep. 

Farmer!*' Bull., U. S. 
Dept. Agrlc, no. 1150, 

Jan. 4, 1921, pp. 

1-53, figs. 1-34. 

Carbon tetrachlorid for the re- 

moval of parasitic worms, especially 

Journ. Agrio. Research, 

U. S. Dept. Agric, 

vol. 21, no. 2, Apr. 

15, 1921, pp. 157-175. 

(See also under Brayton H. 

HAUSMAN, Leon Augustus. A mi- 
crological investigation of the hair 
structure of the Monotremata. 

Amer. Journ. Anat., 
vol. 27, Sept., 1920, 
pp. 463-495. 

Mammal fur under the micro- 

Natural History, vol. 
20, no. 4, Sept.-Oct., 
1920, pp. 434-444, 9 

Structural characteristics of 

the hair of mammals. 

Amer. Nat., vol. 54, 
Nov.-Dec, 1920, pp. 
496-523, pis. 1-7. 

HAY, Oliver P. Descriptions of some 

mammalian and fish remains from 

Florida of probably Pleistocene age. 

Proc. V. 8. Nat. Mus., 

vol. 56, no. 2291, July 

31, 1919, pp. 103-112, 

pis. 26-28. 

Descriptions of some Pleisto- 
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Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 58, no. 2328, Oct. 
12, 1920, pp. 83-146, 
pis. 3-11, text figs. 

HAY, William Perry. The Craw- 
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physical and biological survey"). 

Dept. of Conservation, 

State of Ind., pub. no. 

7, vol. 2, pp. 83-86. 

HEINRICH, Carl. Coleophora notes 

with descriptions of two new species 


Proc. Ent. 8oc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 22, no. 7, 
Oct., 1920, pp. 159- 

The pea moth, a new species. 

Can. Ent., vol. 52, Nov., 
1920, pp. 257, 258, 
figs. 24, 25. 

Synonymical note in Oeco- 

phoridae (Lepid.). 

Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 22, no. 9, 
Dec, 1920, p. 232. 

New synonymy in a recent 

paper on the European corn-borer 

Ent. News, vol. 32, no. 
2, Feb., 1921, pp. 57, 

Some Lepidoptera likely to be 

confused with tlie pink boUworm. 

Journ. Agric. Research, 
vol. 20, no. 11, Mar. 
1, 1921, pp. 807-836, 
pis. 93-109. 

HENDERSON, John B. A mono- 
graph of the east American Scap- 
hoi>od moUusks. 

Bull U. 8. Nat. Mus., 
no. Ill, Oct. 6, 1920, 
pp. 1-177, pis. 1-20. 
and Paul BARTSCH. A classi- 
fication of the American operculate 
land mollusks of the family Annu- 

Proc. V. 8. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 58, no. 2327, July 
8, 1920, pp. 49-82. 

HEWETT, D. p. and Earl V. SHAN- 
NON. Orientite, a new hydrous sili- 
cate of manganese and calcium from 


Amer. Journ. Soi., vol. 
1, June, 1921, pp. 
491-506, text figs. 

HITCHCOCK, A. S. Genera and 


Science, (n. s.), vol. 52, 
no. 1335, July 30, 
1920, pp. 107, 108. 



HITCHCOCK, A. S. Report on a re- 
cent trip to British Guiana. 

Joum. N. Y. Bot. Oard., 
vol. 21, no. 247. .Tuly, 
1920, pp. 129-137, 
pis. 248, 249. 

Revisions of North American 

grasses : Isachne, Oplismenus, Echi- 
nochloa, and Chaetochloa. 

Contr. U. 8. Nat. Herd., 
vol. 22, pt. 3, Nov. 1, 
1920, pp. 115-208, 
pis. 25-32, figs. 21- 

A manual of farm grasses. 

Washington, 1921, pp. 
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Shovel-shaped teeth. 

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Canadian Field-Nat., vol. 
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Canadian Field-Nat., vol. 
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Fresh-water Crustacea from 


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JORDON, Eric Knight. Notes ou a 
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LARSEN, EsPEK S., and Earl V. 
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Journ. Washington 

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LINCOLN, Frederick C. A peculiarly 

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Auk, vol. 37, no. 4, Oct., 

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McATEE, W. L. (See under C. P. 

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MAXON, William R. New selaginel- 

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Amer. Fern Journ., vol. 
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A neglected fern paper. 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
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MERRELL, Charles G. Medicinal 
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Journ. Amer. Pharma- 
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Northwestern Druggist, 
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MERRILL, George Perkins. Second 
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The Cumberland Falls, Whit- 
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MERRILL, George Perkins. Contri- 
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A retrospective view of the 

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Notes en the meteorite of 

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METCALF, F. P. (See under W. L. 

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MILLER, Gerrit S., Jr., and James 
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Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. 
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Conflicting views on the prob- 
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Amer. Journ. Phys. An- 
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Journ. Mmn., vol. 1, no. 
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and N. HOLLISTER. Descrip- 
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Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
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Twenty new mammals 

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MITMAN, Carl W. Ancestors of the 

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8ci. Amer. Monthly, 
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MORGAN, Thomas H. Variations in 
tlie secondary sexual characters of 
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Amer. Nat., vol. 54, no. 
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pp. 220-246, text 
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Variation in juvenile Fiddler 


Amer. Nat., vol. 55, no. 
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NICHOLS, J. T. (See under Ludlow 

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NOBLE, G. K. (See under Thomas 

OBERHOLSER, Haeky C. Descrip- 
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Proc. Biol. 8oc. Wasli- 
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Descriptions of tive new sub- 
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Notes on North American 

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Auk, vol. 38, no. 1, Jan., 
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The geographic races of Cya- 

nocitta cristata. 

Au^, vol. 38, no. 1, Jan., 
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PALACHE, Charles, and Earl V. 
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pp. 155-157, text 

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PEARSE, a. S. The fishes of Lake 

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Univ. Wis. Studies in 
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1920, pp. 1-51. 

PENARD, Thomas E. (See under 

Outram Bangs.) 
PENNELL, Francis W. Scrophu- 
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Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 
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What we should know about mos- 
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Chapter 18 of Sanitary 
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PILSBRY, Henry A. Barnacles of 
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Proc. V. 8. Nat. Mus., 
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PIPER, C. V. A new genus of Legu- 

Journ. Washington 
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Some new plants from the Pa- 
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Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
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Two new legumes from Mex- 

ico and Costa Rica. 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
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PITTIER, H. Notes on the genus 

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Journ. Washington Acad. 

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Two new species of Bursera. 

Journ. WO'Shington Acad. 

Sci., vol. 11, no. 10, 

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RAFFENSPERGER, H. B. ( See under 

Bray ton H. Ransom.) 
RANSOM, Brayton H. Reactions fol- 
lowing injections; of parasite ma- 

Journ. Parasitol., vol. 6, 
no. 4, Aug. 14, 1920, 
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Gapeworm in turkeys and 


Journ. Parasitol., vol. 6, 
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RANSOM, Bkayton H. Zur Fiage 
des Vorkommens lebender Trichinen 
in g e f r o r e n e m amerikanischeu 
Schweinefleisch und der Anwendiing 
der Kalte als Mittel zur Verhiitung 
der Trichinengefahr. 

Ztschr. f. Fleisch.- u. 

Milchhyg., vol. 31, no. 

4, Nov. 15, 1920, pp. 

46, 47. 

Intestinal lesions in calves due 

to Cooperia punctata. 

Journ. Parasitol., vol. 7, 
no. 2, Jan., 1921, p. 96. 

The occurrence of Oncocerca 

in cattle in the United States. 

Journ. Parasitol., vol. 7, 
no. 2, Jan., 1921, p. 98. 

The Metazoan parasites of 


Nelson Loose-Leaf Med., 
vol. 2, pp. 381-433, 
figs. 1-39. 

Relation of insects to the para- 
sitic worms of vertebrates. 

Chapter 5 of Sanitary 

Entomology, by W. 

Dwight Pierce, pp. 51- 


The turkey an important fac- 
tor in the spread of gapeworms. 

Bull. U. S. Dept. Agric, 
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and Eloise B. CRAM. The 

course of migration of Ascaris larvae 
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(Authors' abstract.) 

Program, Al).str. Papers, 

Amer. Soc. Zool., p. 39. 

Anat. Rec, vol. 20, no. 

2, Jan. 20, 1921, p. 


and Maurice C. HALL. Para- 

sitic diseases in their relation to the 
live-stock industry of the southern 
United States. 

Journ. Amer. Vet. Med. 
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1920, pp. 394-413. 

, B. SCHWARTZ, and H. B. 

pork-curing processes on trichinae. 

Bull. U. S. Dept. Agric, 
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RATHBUN, Mary J. West Indian 
Tertiary decapod crustaceans. 

Carnegie Institution of 
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291, 1919, pp. 157- 
184, pis. 1-9. 

Stalk-eyed Crustaceans of the 

West Indies. 

Rapport betreffende sen 
voorloopig onderzoek 
naar den toestand van 
de Visscherij en de 
Industrie van Zeepro- 
ducten in de Kolonie 
Curagao, ingevolge het 
Ministerieel Besluit 
van 22, November, 
1904, Uitgebracht 
Door, Prof. Dr. J. 
Boeke, Hoogleeraar 
aan de Rijks-Universi- 
teit te Utrecht, Tweede 

[Report on the fisheries 
and aquatic resources 
of the Dutch West In- 
dies, Curagao, part 2] 
1919 [1920] pp. 317- 
349, text. figs. 1-5. 

New species of spider crabs 

from the Straits of Florida and 
Caribbean Sea. 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
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Additions to West Indian Ter- 

tiary decapod crustaceans. 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 58, no. 2343, Nov. 
11, 1920, pp. 381-384, 
pi. 25. 

On intersexes in Fiddler crabs. 

Amer. Nat., vol. 55, no. 
636, Jan.-Feb., 1921, 
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Report on the Brachyura col- 

lected by the Barbados-Antigua ex- 
pedition from the University of Iowa 
in 1918. 

Univ. Iowa Studies ; 
Studies in Nat. Hist., 
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RAVENEL, W. deC. Report on the 

progress and condition of the United 

States National Museum for the year 

ending June 30, 1919. 

May 25, 1920, pp. 1-211, 
7 pis. 



RAVENEL, W. deC. Report on the 

progress and condition of the United 

States National Museum for the 

year ending June 30, 1920. 

Dec. 1, 1920, pp. 1-210, 
1 pi. 

Isopod Crustaceans of the Dutch 
West Indies. 

Rapport betrefifende een 
voorlooplg onderzoek 
naar den toestand 
Tan de Visscherij en 
de Industrie van Zee- 
producten in de Kolo- 
nle Curasao, inge- 
volge hot Ministerieel 
Besluit van, 22, l No- 
vember, 1904, Uitge- 
bracht Door, Prof. Dr. 
J. Boeke, Hooglee- 
raar aan de Rijks- 
Universiteit te Ut- 
recht, Tweede Gede- 
[Report on the fisheries 
and aquatic resources 
of the Dutch West In- 
dies (Curasao), part 
2] 1919 [1920] p. 350. 

( See also under Harriet Rich- 

ardson Searle.) 

RIDGWAY, Robert. Diagnoses of 

some new genera of birds. 

Smithaoman Misc. Colls., 
vol. 72, no. 4, Dec. 
6, 1920, pp.' 1-4. 

RILEY, J. H. Four new birds from 

the Philippines and Greater Sunda 


Proc. Biol. Sac. Wash- 
ington, vol. 33, July 
24, 1920, pp. 55-57. 

Five new genera of birds. 

Proc. Biol. S'O'C. Wash- 
ington, vol. 34, Mar. 
31, 1921, pp. 51-53. 

Four new birds from Celebes. 

Proc Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 34, Mar. 
31, 1921, pp. 55-57. 

ROBINSON, B. L. Further diagnoses 

and notes upon tropical American 


Contr. Gray Eerb. (n. 
s.), no. 61, Dec. 30, 
1920, pp. 1-30. 

ROBINSON, B. L. The Eupatoriums 

of Bolivia. 

Contr. Gray Eerl. (n. 
s.), no. 61, Dec. 30, 
1920, pp. 30-80. 

ROHWER, S. A. Notes on the Harris 

collection of sawflies, and the species 

described by Harris. 

Journ. Wash. Acad. Sci., 
vol. 10, no. 18, Nov. 4, 
1920, pp. 508-518. 

Chalybion Dahlbom not a sy- 
nonym of Sceliphron Klug (Hym.). 

Ent. News, vol. 32, 1921, 
p. 27. 

Descriptions of new Chalcid- 

oid flies from Coimbatore, South 


Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 
ser. 9, vol. 7, Jan., 
1921, pp. 123-135, 
(figs. 1-9. 

The nomenclature of super- 

generic names. 

Joum. Wash. Acad. Sci., 
vol. 11, no. 5, Mar. 4, 
1921, pp. 106-109. 

Notes and descriptions of 

neotropical sawflies of the subfamily 


Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 59, no. 2366, June 
20, 1921, pp. 161-167. 

Notes on sawflies, with de- 

scriptions of new genera and species. 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 59, no. 2361, June 
28, 1921, pp. 83-109. 

(See also under ^ R. A. Cush- 

ROSE, J. N. Epiphyllum hookeri. 

Addisonia, vol. 5, no. 
4, Dec. 30, 1920, pp. 
63, 64, pi. 192. 

Botanical explorations in Ecu- 

Pom American Bulletin, 
vol. 52, no. 1, Jan., 
1921, pp.' 24-34, pi. 

( See also under N. L. Britton. ) 

SAFFORD, •William B. Synopsis of 

the genus Datura. 

Joum. Washington 
Acad. Soi., vol. 11, no. 
8, Apr. 19, 1921, pp. 
173-189, flgs. 1-3. 



SASAKI, Madoka. Report of cephalo- 
pods collected during 1906 by the 
United States Bureau of Fisheries 
steamer Albatross in the northwest- 
ern Pacific. 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 57, no. 2310, 
Sept. 3, 1920, pp. 
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SCHAUS, William. New species of 
Notodontidae from Central and 
South America (Lepidoptera). 

I n sec u tor Insecitiae 
Menstruus, vol. 8, 
DOS. 7-9, July-Sept., 
1920, pp. 147-161. 

Description.s of two new species 

of butterflies from Tropical America. 

Journ. Wash. Acad. 8ci., 

vol. 10, no. 15, Sept. 

19, 1920, pp. 434, 


New species of neotropical 

SCHWARTZ, Benjamin. Hemolysins 

from parasitic worms. 

Arch. Int. Med., vol. 26, 
no. 4, pp. 431-435. 

Effects of X-rays on trichinae. 

Journ. Agric. Resea/rch, 
V. S. Dept. Agric., 
vol. 20, no. 11, Mar. 
1, 1921, pp. 845-854. 
Effects of secretions of cer- 
tain parasitic nematodes on coagu- 
lation of blood. 

Journ. Parasitol., vol. 
7. no. 3, Mar., 1921, 
pp. 144-150. 
(See also under Brayton H. 

Pyraustinae (Lepid.) 

Proo. Ent. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 22, no. 7, 
Oct., 1920, pp. 172- 
New species of neotropical 

Pyraustinae ( Lepid. ) . 

Proc. Ent. Soc. TFosTt- 
ington, vol. 22, no. 8, 
Nov., 1920, pp. 200- 

New species of Heterocera 

from South America. 

Insecutor Inscitiae Men- 
struus, vol. 9, nos. 
4-6, Apr.-June, 1921, 
pp. 52-58. 

SCHMITT, Waldo L. The marine dec- 
apod Crustacea of California. 

Univ. California Puh. 
Zool., vol. 23, May 21, 
pp. 1-470, pis. 1-50, 
text figs.. 1-165. 

SCHWARTZ, Benjamin. Active sub- 
stances in Macracanthorhynchus. 

Journ. Parasitol., vol. 
7, no. 2, Jan., 1921, 
p. 97. 

^ Antibody production by asca- 


Journ. Parasitol., vol. 
7, no. 2, Jan., 1921, 
pp. 98, 99. 

Effects of X-rays on trichinae. 
Journ. Parasitol., vol. 
7, no. 2, .Tan., 1921, 
pp. 100, 101. 

SCHWARZ, E. A. A new scolytid 
beetle from tropical Florida. 

Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 22, no. 8, 
Nov., 1920, pp. 222- 
226, figs. 1, 2. 
SEARLE, Mrs. Haebiet Richardson. 
Description d'un nouveau genre de 
crustace Isopode de la Nouvelle- 
Zemble et appartenant a la famille 

de Munnopsidae. 

Bull. Mus. National 
Hi^t. Natur., Paris, 
vol. 25, Annee. 1919, 
no. 7, et dernier, Dec, 
1919, pp. 569-^573, 
text, figs. 1-13. 
(This is a reprint, ex- 
cept for a slight 
change of title, of a 
paper published as 
no. 227, Bull. Inst. 
Oceanog., Monaco, 
Mar. 30, 1912.) 
— ( See also under Harriet Rich- 
SHANNON, Eabl V. On coarse gab- 
broid diabase in Westfield, Massa- 
chusetts. , „_ 

Journ. Geol., vol. 27, no. 
7, Oct.-Nov., 1919, 
pp. 579-581. 

The occurrence of bindhiemite 

as an ore mineral. 

Econ. Geol., vol. 15, no. 
1, Jan., 1920, pp. 88- 

A new description of amesite. 

Amer. Journ. Set., vol. 
49, Feb., 1920, pp. 

Bismutoplagionite, a new 


Amer. Journ. Set., vol. 
49, Mar., 1920, pp. 



SHANNON. Earl V. Diabantite, stil- 
phonomelane, and chalcodite of the 
trap quarries of Westfleld, Massa- 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
Tol. 57, no. 2316, 
June 15, 1920, pp. 

Petrography of some lampro- 

phyric dike roclis of the Coeur 
d'Alene mining district, Idaho. 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 57, no. 2318, 
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Some minerals from the old 

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( See also under D. F. Hewett. ) 

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