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PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH 

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IN THE 



UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: t .;,^' -^ 



EMBIUCINO THE 

MINUTES OF THE PRE8BYTESY OF PHILADELPHIA, FROM A. D. 1706 TO 1716 
MINUTES OF THE SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA, FBOM A. D. 1717 TO 1768 
MINUTES OF THE SYNOD OF NEW YORK, FROM A. D. 1745 TO 1758 
MINUTES OF THE SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA AND NEW YORK, FROM A. D. 

1758 TO 1788. 




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PHILADELPHU: 
PRESBYTERIAN BOARD OF PUBLICATION. 

JAMSf lUmLL, PUBUaBlMO AOBIIT. 

1841. 



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PBILADBLPHIA : 
WILUAV S. MAKTISXi RflmE* 



ADVERTISEMENT. 



For several years past, the General Assembly of the Presbyterian 
Church in the United States of America, have adopted measures for 
the full and complete publication of their minutes, inclnding those of 
the Presbytery of Philadelphia, during the period that it was the 
only Presbyterian judicatory in the country ; and of the Synods of 
New York and Philadelphia, during the time that they, separated or 
tmited, were the highest judicatories known to the Church; thus 
securing, as far as these records might embody it, a connected history 
of the Presbyterian Churchy from its earliest organization in this 
country, to the present time. 

Various difficulties have occurred to defeat the execution of this 
very desirable object; and in May, 1840, the General Assembly 
directed their Stated Clerk to promote the publication, if practicable, 
through the agency of the Presbyterian Board of Publication. 
The subject was accordingly proposed, and the Executive Committee 
of the Board, with great unanimity, resolved to adventure at least 
on il^e publication of a preliminary volume, embracing the earlier 
records until the period of the organization of the General Assem- 
bly; with the intention of completing the plan, provided the demand 
for the work should justify them in incurring the heavy expense of 
inch an enterprise. 

The subscriber, being both Stated Clerk of the General Assembly, 
and Editor of the Board of Publication, has been entrusted with the 
preparation of the Minutes for the press. In fulfiUnent of the duties 
of his appointment, he has thought it advisable to preface the records 
vith a very brief introduction, and to connect the several parts by 
lome explanatory remarks. 
Among the records of the earliest Presbytery and Synod, is a letter- 



4 ADVERTISEMENT. 

book, containing, besides copies of a part of the correspondence of 
these bodies, certain memoranda which should properly have been 
inserted in the body of the minutes. The letters and the memoranda 
have been appended as notes to the minutes under their proper dates, 
thus giving the history more fulness and continuity. 

It must be a subject of gratulation in the Church, that by this pub- 
lication the early records of the Church, which were in danger of 
perishing, have been secured in a permanent form; and it is to be 
hoped, that the eager demand for this volume, will lead to the com- 
pletion of the plan, by the publication in full of all the Minutes of the 
General Assembly to the present time. 

WILLIAM M. ENGLES. 

Philadelphia, January^ 1841. 



RECORDS 



OF THE 



PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 



PRELIMINARY SKETCH. 

The Preflb3rterian Church aseumed its ecclesiastical form in the United 
States, at a date posterior to the establishment of the Puritans, Roman Catho- 
lics, Quakers, and Episcopalians. It is to be presumed that individuals of 
this denomination, in the spirit of personal enterprise, had emigrated at an 
early date of the settlement of the country, and were scattered throughout the 
Colonies ; but they were in no place sufficiently numerous to associate in a con- 
gregational, much less in a presbyterial capacity. The Puritans of New Eng- 
land, and the Quakers of Pennsylvania, Delaware, and New Jersey, had emi- 
grated from religious motives ; and as they wished to preserve their distinctive 
religious character in a land far removed from the vexatious evils, to which per- 
secution had subjected them in the place of their birth, they came in large 
nambers, and selected their residence with a view to peaceful religious associa- 
tion. The cause which principally influenced them, had as yet exerted no 
power over the Presbyterians of Scotland and Ireland. In the peaceful enjoy- 
ment of their religious rights, they had no inducement, or rather were com- 
pelled by no necessity, to flee to die uncultivated wilds of America. 

Soon after the restoration of Charles II., however, the Presbyterians of 
Scotland and Ireland were subjected to a persecution, which increased in viru- 
lence in proportion to the resistance which was opposed to a corrupt monarch's 
wOL The subversion of the cherished religion of a nation, and the substitution 
of another, which, from many considerations, was particularly obnoxious, could 
not be accomplished without resorting to the most inhuman proscriptions and 
banishments. These attempts to impose Episcopacy on Presbyterians, which 
were relentlessly pursued until the accession of William III., rendered the 
provinces of America a desirable refuge for those who could not, without peril 
of life, cherish their religious preferences in the place of their nativity. 

The first churches established in this country under Presbyterian organiza- 
tion were situated in Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey. 
Id these provinces religious liberty was secured by the original proprietors. 
The following may be considered as an agreeable specimen of the temper 
which characterized the laws of these provinces on the subject of religion. It 
ii an enactment in relation to Pennsylvania, and is in these words : — ** That 
all persons living in this province, who confess and acknowledge one Almighty 
and Eternal God to be the Creator, Upholder, and Ruler of the world, and that 
hold themselves obliged in conscience to live peaceably and jusdy in civil 
society, shall in no ways be molested or prejudiced for their religious persuasion 
1* 



6 PREUMINARY SKETCH. 

or practice, in matters of faith and worship; nor shall they be compelled, at any 
time, to frequent or maintain any religious worship, place, or ministry, what- 
ever.'* This recognition of religious liberty had great influence upon those who 
had recently experienced the horrors of intolerance, in selecting these provinces 
for their permanent residence. 

In tracing the bistory of the first societies which were established for reli- 
gious worship by these emigrants in a new country, and at a period so remote, 
there will necessarily be a difficulty in ascertaining the precise circumstances 
under which they were founded. In some instances the sparseness of the 
population, or the poverty of the people, induced persons of different persua- 
sions to unite their strength, and congregate without an immediate reference to 
denominational organization. This, however, was soon found to be incon- 
venient, and the plan was abandoned as soon as practicable. As accurately 
as it can now be ascertained, the first Presbyterian church in this country was 
organized in Philadelphia, about the year 1698; and it is probable that the 
churches at Snowhill, Kehoboth, Monokin, and Wicomico, on the eastern shore 
of Maryland, were organized about the same period. 

When the ministers who harmonized in their views of Christian doctrine 
and ecclesiastical government, had become sufficiendy numerous, they consti- 
tuted themselves into a Presbytery. In consequence of the irrecoverable loss 
of the first leaf of the Minutes of this body, we are unable to ascertain the 
precise date of their ecclesiastical association; but judging from the first date 
which appears on page 3d of these records, it must have been about the begin- 
ning of the year 1705. This Presbytery of Philadelphia, consisted of seven 
ministers, viz : Francis McKemie, John Hampton, George McNish, Samuel 
Davis, all, from the best accounts, emigrants from Ireland, and exercising their 
ministry on the eastern shore of Mar^and ; Nathaniel Taylor, from SScotland, 
and settled in Upper Marlborough ; John Wilson, also from Scotland, settled 
in New Castle; and Jedediah Andrews, from New England, and settled in 
Philadelphia. To these may be added John Boyd, who was the first person 
ordained by the new Presbytery, in 1706, and setded in Freehold, New 
Jersey. 

The Minutes of this body, as being the first Presbyterian judicatory in the 
country, stand first in the order of publication. The abruptness of the com- 
mencement is to be attributed to the loss of the first leaf of the records, to 
which we have before referred. 



PART FIRST. 



MINUTES OF THE PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 

FROM THE \'EAR 1706 TO THE TEAR 1717. 

-Dt regimine ecdesies^ which being heard was approved of and sustained, 
le gave in abo his thesis to be considered of against next sederunt. 

Sederunt 2i. 10 bris. 27. 

Po$t preeea sederunt, Mr. Francis McKemie, Moderator, Messrs. Jedediah 
Andrews, and John Hampton, Ministers. 

Mr. John Boyd performed the other parts of his trials, viz. preached a 
popular sermon on John i. 12; defended his thesis; gave satisfaction as to 
his skill in the languages, and answered to extemporary questions ; all which 
were approved of, and sustained. 

Appointed his ordination to be on the next Lord's day, the 29th inst., which 
was accordingly performed in the public meeting house of this place, before a 
Qomerous assembly ; and the next day he had the certificate of his ordination. 

March 22d, 1707. 

At a meeting of the Presbytery held at Philadelphia, postpreces sederunt, 
Messrs John W ilson, Jedediah Andrews, Nathaniel Taylor, ueorge McNish, 
^misters, Joseph Yard, William Smith, John Gardener, James Stoddard, 
Aiders. 

Master John Wilson, by plurality of votes was chosen Moderator, Mr. 
George McNish was chosen Clerk to the Presbytery. 

This day a letter sent by Mr. Samuel Davis to the Presbytery, was pre- 
^ted to them ; it being moved by one of the members that the letter might 
^ read, it was accordingly read and considered, and Mr. Davis his reason? 
for excusing his absence from this and the preceding meeting of the Presby- 
*^. were rwt sustained by the Presbytery. 

^ Ordered that the next dyet of the Presbytery be held upon Tuesday, at four 
o'clock, in the af^moon. 

Mr. Francis McKemie and Mr. John 'Wilson, are appointed to preach 
jpon Tuesday, upon the subjects appointed them at the last Presbytery, from 
Heb. i. 1, 2 v., by way of exercise and addition. 

March 25/A. 

Poit preces sederunt, John Wilson, &c. This day Mr. Francis McKemie 
^(i Mr. John Wilson delivered their discourses according to appointment, and 
were approved by the Presbytery. 

Ordered, That a letter be writ, and sent to Mr. Samuel Davis in the name 
of the Presbytery, by Master John Wilson, requiring him to be present at 
our next meeting in this place. 



8 MINUTES OF THE 

Appointed that the letters sent from the people of Snow Hill in Someivetr 
be fead before the Presbytery. 

The letters were accordingly read, and their contents were duly considered 
by the Presbytery. And whereas, the aforesaid people do by their represen- 
tatives and letters earnestly address the Presbytery for their joynt concurrence* 
and assistance in prosecuting their call to Mr. John Hampton, that he may 
undertake the work of the Ministry among them, as tlieir setded and proper 
Minister and Pastor, 

Ordered by the Presbytery, that the call be sent to Mr. Hampton, by the 
foresaid people, and also, the other paper containing their subscriptions for his 
encouragement to undertake the work of the Ministry among them, be given 
to Mr. Hampton to peruse and consider, which accordingly were given him. 

Ordered, That whereas Mr. Hampton, after his receiving the call to him 
from the people at Snowhill, gave several satisfactory reasons, why he could 
not at this time comply with it; that the said Mr. Hampton may have the call 
and the paper of subscription continued in his hands for liis further perusal, till 
the next Presbytery. 

Ordered further, in this affair, that a letter be sent in name of the Pres- 
bytery to the people of Snowhill, to encourage their endeavours for a settled 
minister among them, and that Mr. Nathaniel Taylor write the letter express- 
ing the mind of the Presbytery, which was accordingly done. 

Appointed that the Presbytery meet to-morrow at ten o'clock, and that Mr. 
Andrews and Mr. John Boyd, prepare some overtures to be considered by 
the Presbytery, for propagating religion in their respective congregations. 

March 26//*. Post preces sederunt, the moderator, ^c. 

Ordered by the Presbytery, that Mr. Francis McKemie write to Scotland, 
to Mr. Alexander Coldin, minister of Oxam, of tlie Presbytery of — , and 
to give an account of the state and circumstances of the dissenting Presbyte- 
rian interest among the people in and about I^ewistown, and to signify the 
earnest desires of that people, for the said Mr. Coldin's coming over to be 
their minister; and that Mr. McKemie make report of his diligence herein 
against the next Presbytery. 

The Presbytery appoints Mr. John Wilson to write to the Presbytery 

of , t# the effect aforesaid, and make report of his care herein against the 

next Presbytery. 

Overtures proposed to the Presbytery and agreed upon, for propagating the 
interest of religion : 

First, That every minister in their respective congregations, read and com- 
ment upon a chapter of the Bible every Lord's day, as discretion and circum- 
stances of time, place, &c., will admit. 

Second over: That it be recommended to every minister of the Presbytery 
to set on foot and encourage private Christian societies. 

Third over: That every minister of the Presbytery supply neighbouring 
desolate places where a minister is wanting, and opportunity of doing good 
offers. 

The Presbytery do appoint Mr. Jedediah Andrews and Mr. Nathaniel 
Taylor, to prepare a Presbyterial sermon, each of them to be delivered against 
the next Presbytery. Mr. Andrews to discourse from Heb. i. chap. 3. v. 
UtiQ first, and Mr. Taylor from latter part of the verse. 

Appointed that the Presbytery meet upon the first Tuesday of April, 1708, 
at Philadelphia, and this meeting was concluded. 

MaythelSlh. 
At a meeting of Presbytery at Philadelphia, 1708, post preces sederunt^ 
Ministers, Messrs. Samuel Davis, John Wilson, Jedediah Andrews, Nathaniel 



PRESBYTERY OP PHILADELPHIA. 9 

Taylor, John Hampton, John Boyd. Elders j Joseph Yard, Bell, John 

Gray. 

Mr. Samuel Davis was chosen Moderator. 

(Wered by the Presbytery, that Mr. Jedediah Andrews deliver his Pres- 
byterial exercise to-morrow at 10 of the clock, in the meeting house ; and that 
ft. Nathaniel Taylor deliver his on Friday next, at 10 of the clock in the 
f mondng. 

J This day was read before the Presbytery, a letter sent by the people of and 
aboQt White Clay creek, in New Castle county, importing their desire and 
petition to the Presbytery, to have the ordinances of me gospel administered 
'nth more convenience and nearness to the place of their abode, for the greater 
advantage and ease to their several families, promising withal due encourage- 
DKnt to the minister that shall be appointed thus to supply them. 

Ordered by the Presbytery that this letter be read at the next session, to- 
nwrrow afternoon, and that another letter from some persons about Apoquinimy 
be considered against the next dyet of the Presbytery at the time aforesaid. , 

This day was also read a letter from several persons in the town of New- 
castle, wherein they crave that the people of White Clay Creek may not be 
suffered to set up a meeting house in the country, that their meeting house 
and congregation in Newcastle may not be damaged by this rupture of their 
fellow members of White Clay Creek. 

Ordered that this letter be considered by the next session of the Presbytery. 

May 10, Sesaione 2da. post preces^ ^c. 

Mr. Davis satisfied the Presbytery for his absence the former year. 

Ordered by the Presbytery that there be a letter sent to the people of Snow 
pli requiring their faithfulness and care in collecting the tobacco promised 
by subscription to Mr. Hampton. 

Ordered, That Mr. Wilson, Mr. Andrews, and Mr. Hampton, speak with Mr. 
Joseph Smith, and the people of Cohanzy, about his settlement and ordination. 

Mr. Wilson, Mr. Andrews, and Mr. Hampton, made their report, what it is 
™r« Smith and the people of Cohanzy desire, viz : That some might be 
appointed to wait upon Mr. Smith and the people of Cohanzy. 

Ordered by the Presbytery that, upon the desire of Mr. Smith and the peo- 
ple of Cohanzy, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Andrews, and Mr. Boyd, shall wait upon 
wem at Cohanzy, in order to his ordination, and the people are to present 
wem a call to the said Mr. Smith. 

. The trials appointed by the Presbytery to Mr. Smith, an fides solum jus- 
'l/fee/, for sermon, John vi. 37, last part of the verse. Mr. Andrews to be 
**M^rator, and the people are to give three weeks advertisement. 

Ordered that Mr. McNish and Mr. Davis attend Mr. Hampton in the day of 
his inauguration, and Mr. Davis shall preceed. [preside?] 

Ordered that the Presbytery adjourn till Thursday, at nine o'clock forenoon. 

May 20, Sessione 3/ia. post preces, 4*c. 

Mr. McKemie did, according to his order, write to Mr. Coldin, in Oxam» 
for coming over to the American parts. 

It is further recommended to Mr. Andrews, to take it into his serious con- 
sideration of reading a chapter and making a comment on the same. 

The first overture is complied with by the rest of the ministers. 

The second overture in part practised and hoped in time to be fully com- 
plied with. 

The third overture complied with and practised by the ministers. 

Mr. Andrews delivered the presbyterial exercise appointed and was sus- 
tained. 



10 MINUTES OF THE 

Ordered by ihe Presbytery, that the time appointed for their meeting be in 
no wise prorogued for the future. 

Ordered, That the people of Newcastle and the country, should not be divided 
by setting up two separate meetings. 

Ordered, That Mr. Wilson preach one Sabbath in Newcastle and theother in 
the country ; that Mr. Wilson, once in a month, on a week day, preach to tlit 
people in Apoquinimy; and Mr. Hampton is to preach to them as he goes 
home, and Mr. Davis is to preach to tliemathis return to the next Presbytery. 

Ordered, That Mr. Hampton write aletter to the people at White Clay Creek 
in answer to their's. 

Ordered, That Mr. McNish write to New Casde in answer to their letter. 

Ordered, That Mr. Hampton return a verbal answer to the people of Apo- 
quinimy, in answer to their letter. 

Ordered, That Mr. Andrews, Mr. McNish, and Mr. Boyd, read over die 
letters from Woodbridge concerning the differences betwixt that people and 
Mr. Wade, and make a summary report thereof at the next meeting. 

May 20, Post Merid. Sesaione 4/a. po8tprcce$^ ^c. 

A letter presented by the people of Freehold about the settlement of Mr. 
Boyd is referred till the next meeting. 

The report Mr. Andrews, Mr. McNish, and Mr. Boyd were to mtfce of 
the letters from Woodbridge referred till the next meeting. 

Ordered, That Mr. WUson and Mr. Taylor write to the people of Snow- 
hill in answer to their letter. 

The meeting adjourned till to-morrow, at three, afternoon. 

May 21, Post Merid. Sesnone 5ta. Precibus peractiSf 

Ordered, That Mr. Wilson write an answer to the people of Freehold's 
letter. 

A letter by Mr. Hampton to the people at Whiteclay Creek read and sue- 
tained. 

Mr. McNish was defective in writing to the people of New Castle, and is 
to write against next sederunt. 

Mr. Wilson and Mr. Taylor were defective in writing to the people of 
Snowhill, and are to write against the next sederunt. 

Mr. Taylor delivered his rresbyterial exercise, and it was sustained. 

The meeting is adjourned till to-morrow', at 8 o'clock in the morning. 

May 22, post preces^ sessions 61a. 

Mr. Andrews is ordered to assist Mr. Wilson to write to the people of 
Freehold against the next meeting. 

Mr. Wilson and Mr. Taylor's letter to the people of SnowhiU was read 
and sustained. 

Ordered, That Mr. Boyd shall supply Woodbridge every third Sabbath if 
they desire it, and the Presbytery are to write to the people of Freehold de- 
siring their consent thereto, and the meeting house shall be the only place of 
meeting or not at all in Woodbridge, but may be at Amboy if the people of 
Woodbridge and Amboy be content; and in the interval, when Mr. Boyd is 
not there, ihey are advised, if they can see it clear to themselves, to hear Mr. 
Wade. 

Ordered, That Mr. Andrews and Mr. Hampton write to the ministers of 
Connecticut concerning the affair of Woodbridge. 

Ordered, That Mr. Davis and Mr. Wilson write to the people of Wood- 
bridge. 



r 



PRESBYTERY OP PHILADELPHIA. 1 1 

« 

Oidered, That Mr. Taylor write to the people of Monokin and Wico- 
mico, exciting them to their duty to pay what they promise to Mr. McNiah. 
Odoed, That the next meeting be at Philadelphia, the second Tuesday of 
Mafoext 
Mr. Dayis is to have his Presbyterial Exercise the next meeting, upon 
^! BA, L ?er. 4th, and Mr. McNish upon verse the 5th. 

Oidoed, That the meeting be adjourned till Monday, at eight in the 
fflonnng. 

May 26th. 

Mr. McNish's letter to the people of New Casde read and sustained. 

Mr. I>avis and Mr. Wilson's letter to the people of Freehold read and sus- 
tained. 

Mr. Andrews and Mr. Hampton's letters to Connecticut read and sus- 
tained.* 

• May 24, 1708. 
To Mr. DftTenport, Mr. Webb, Mr. Shove, and Mr. BackiDgham. 
Sererend Brethren, 

Through the good providence of oar Lord Jesas Christ assisting us, we, the minis- 
ten of the gospel, of the Presbyterian persuasion, in this province and those adjacent, 
taking into oar serious consideration the case and circumstances of our lioly religion in 
tliOM parts, have, to oar great toil and labour, and great difficulty to divers of us, by 
'tuoa of our great distance ilrom one another, formed ourselves into a Presbytery, an- 
^^y to be convened, for the furthering and promoting the true interests of religion 
vkI godliness. Li which our undertaking, as we would not have any thing should be 
*dyuced that may be justly disgustful to any pious soul, but the contrary, so it is our 
^versal desire to walk in the nearest union and fellowship with the churches in those 
Pvti where joa inhabit, not knowing any difference in opinion so weighty as to inhibit 
'^t proposal, not doubtin? of your cordial assent thereunto. And for a testimony of 
- ^ nnoerity and real intentions to act as has been mentioned, we conclude it convenient 
to ky before you one difficult matter that has been, (to our great trouble and exercise,) 
"id before oa, and also what has been our advice about it ; holding it proper so to do, 
^ecuie yoorselves have been concerned in a transaction that has in some measure led 
^ it We find by divers letters that have passed between you and sundry persons in 
t^oodbridge, that yon are not unacquainted with the confusions and distractions arising 
^the accession of Mr. Wade to be the minister of that town, and the aversion of a 
^omiderablo part of the people to tlie accepting of him as such, and therefore need only 
picntioii what we, after mature deliberation and consultation have advised for the hel- 
^ the diierences among them, upon the application of those that disagree with Mr. 
"^•de made unto us, concluding that if their contentions and animosities continue, it 
^y be of anhappy consequence, viz. TKat Mr. Boyd, minister of Freehold, should, if de- 
>ired by the dissenting party, (which, for distinction, may be so termed,) come and preach 
^ Woodbridge one Lord's day every three weeks, in the public meeting house there, if 
ttnay, as we hope it will, be admitted; and if it be not allowed of^ to prevent any open 
*Bd vinUe breach as much as can bo, that he should preach at Amboy, or any other 
Fhee agreed upon, provided it be not within the town of Woodbridge, and have left it to 
tbeir liberty and discretion, according to the light of their consciences, guided by the 
i&^ble word of God, either to join or not to join with Mr. Wade in the time of Mr. 
%^d*s absence. This we thought, after a great deal of perplexity about it, to be all 
to we coald propose at present for the satisfying the gentlemen that have requested 
ov hdp and counsel, and as the most ready expedient we could think upon, in the pro- 
fit exigency of affairs among them for their mutual reconciliation and comfort More- 
over, as yoa have been employed in Mr. Wade*s fixing there, and we hope with sincere 
liins at the good of the place, so long groaning under the unhappiness of the want of a 
Kttled ministry, so we humbly conceive you ore in duty bound in a special manner to 
pot to yoor helping hand to rescue them from the miserable inconveniences that now 
they labour under, by all the ways that you can, to which we hope your advice for niu^ 
tsu forbearance may have much force. The disadvantages by such things as these ad- 
niaistered to the power and life of religion and our conmion cause, with tho occasicn 
fifen to them that would rejoice in our ruin, we need not inform of, and therefore pro- 
Biise ourselves nothing will be wanting on your part for accommodating these diffor- 
And in the mean time we request your charitable constructions upon what wo 






12 MINUTES OP THE 

Mr. Wilson and Mr. Andrews' letter to the people of Woodbridge read 
and sustained. 

Mr. Taylor's letter to the people of Wicomico read and sustained. 

At a meeting of the Presbytery at Philadelphia, 

May 10, \l(^y post prtce9 sederunt^ 

Ministers : Mr. John Wilson, Mr. Jedediah Andrews, Mr. Nath. Taylor, 
Mr. George McNish, Mr. John Hampton, and Mr. Joseph Smith. 

Elders : Joseph Yard, John Gardner, Alexander Bell, William Fosset, and 
Robert Wilson. 

Mr. Andrews was chosen Moderator, and Mr. Smith, Clerk to the Pres- 
bytery. 

Ordered, That Mr. Hampton write to the people of Cohanzy to perform 
their obligations to Mr. Smith. 

It was complained of that Mr. Davis did not perform his part at the inau- 
guration of Mr. Hampton. 

The business of Mr. Wilson, referring to New Castle, deferred till the next 
sederunt^ and also relating to Apoquinimy. 

It was also objected against Mr. Davis, that he did not preach at Apoqui- 
nimy according to order. 

The Rev. Mr. John Boyd being dead, what relates to him ceases. 

The Presbytery adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow. 

May 11, sesiione 2da, postpreces sederunt^ &,ۥ i 

Mr. Hampton, according to order, performed his part in writing to the 
people of Cohanzy, and the letter was approven. 
The Presbytery adjourned till 3 o'clock, post merid. 

Sessione 4(a. post preces sederunt, ministers^ Sic. 

Ordered, That Mr. Davis be writ to, and that the letter be writ by Mr. 
Taylor, for his absence and other delinquencies, not preaching at Apoquinimy, 
not delivering his Presbyterial exercise. 

Ordered, That every letter sent by the Presbytery be inserted into a book 
appointed by the Presbytery for that purpose, and that this be done, by Mr. 
Andrews; 

Ordered, That Mr. Davis prepare his* Presbyterial exercise on Heb. i. 4, 
fas was formerly appointed by the Presbyteiy ,) against the next meeting ol' 
uie Presbytery, and that this be signified by Mr. Taylor's letter to him.1 

Ordered, That Mr. Wilson preach at Apoquinimy once a month till the 
next meeting upon a week day, and one Sabbath in a quarter till the aforesaid 
meeting, provided always, that the Sabbath day's sermon be taken from the 
Whitclay Creek people, their time. 

Ordered, That Mr. Smith go to the people of Maidenhead and HopeweH, 
and confer with them on such matters as shall be propounded to him by them, 
concerning his being called to be their minister; and that Mr. Smith preach 
to the people aforesaid, on his way to New England, or return from it, or 



have directed nnto, in so difficult a matter, if it do not prove to be according to your 
own sentiments, seeing it is according to the best of our light Thus hoping tliat our 
churches and ourselves, in this dark part of the world, shall be remembered in your sap* 
plications nnto Uiat God in whom are all our springs, and fVom whom is all help, dire^ 
tion, and success, we subscribe ourselves your brethren in the work of the gospeL^ 
[Leiter Book.] 



PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 13 

both; and that this be intimated to Mr. Smith, and the people aforesaid be 
writ to by Mr. Andrews. 
The Presbytery is adjourned to nine o*clock to-morrow morning. 

4ta, Sessione ante merid. 

hut pncei tederuntf Mr. Jedediah Andrews, moderator, &c. 
The letter to Mr. Davis was writ, read, and approved. 
Ordered, That a draught of a letter be drawn up to New Castle by Mr. 
Wilnn and Mr. McNish. 
'ilie Presbytery adjourned till 3 o'clock, post merid. 

5/a. sederunt post merid. 

Pteabus ptraetis^ sederunt, ^t. 

A letter from Woodbridge read ; and resolved that an answer be written to 
them by Mr. Wilson. 

A letter from the people of Monokin and Wicomico read and seriously 
considered. A call also sent from them to Mr. McNish, was not accepted by 
him. Resolved, that a letter be writ to them hereupon by Mr. Taylor. Or- 
dered also, that Mr. McNish preach only every third Sabbath to those of 
Wicomico. 

Ordered, next sederunt at 2 o'clock, post merid. 

6/a. sederunt. 

Mr. McNish delivered his Presbyterial exercise and was approved. 

New Castle affair debated, and a letter to them agreed on.* 

Ordered, That a letter be written in concert with that from New-England, to 
Sir Edmund Harrison, by Mr. Wilson and Mr. Andrews. 

Also, that a letter be written to Mr. Mather and other ministers at Boston, 
(0 thank them for their concurrence with us. 

Adjourned till Monday, o'clock, ante raerid. 

* To tbe peopfe of New Caitle. 

Jfoy 1709. 

Out of a Chrifltian coropastion that we have towardi you, we cannot but commiserato 
Jonr present ctreumBtanceB, and are heartily sorry for the miiunderatanding that is be- 
tween you and Mr. Wilson; as also for the difference that is between you and our 
Christian friends in the country. We would be glad to fall upon a healing method to 
noitdy these unhappy divisions. And gentlemen, you may be assured, that whatsoever 
(in duly,) Ues within the compass of our power shall not be wanting; but after second 
thoogfalsanda due sense of your condition, we fear that such changes as are set on foot 
uwogyoQ in the present circumstances concerning a minister, may prove detrimental 
to your and our common interest, especially when we take notice that nothing particular 
l|u been offered to us by you concerning our brother Mr. Wilson, why he may not con- 
(itoe in hb pastoral charge and function among you as formerly. A general dissatisfac- 
tion if the principal thing, (it seems,) which is pretended both in your letter to us, and 
hf yoor aiid our friend, Mr. Janvier. However, out of tender respect to you, we have 
teeoffding to deaire, presented Mr. McNish with your call, which he, for reasons given 
na ly nimieU cannot at present comply with. We beseech you, gentlemen, to put 
■roBimble constructions upon what we do, and that in truth and sincerity we desire and 
|niy for, and endeavoiir your spiritual and eternal welfare ; but yourselves may easily 
«e that the smallness of our number, the particular engagements that every one of us 
fie under already, render your supply any other way than by o«r brother Mr. Wilson, at 
leiit at present, impracticable. And therefore, we entreat, nay require you in the Lord, 
Is concur with us ; Jay aside all prejudices; struggle net too much with providential, una- 
foidaUe difficulties; be submissive, which is a truly Christian temper ; trust in God, use 
fUient endeavours, and expect without doubting a comfortable issue, which we hope for 
nd shall ooostantly eodea? our. Subscribing ourselves. 

Yours in the work of the Gospel, &€.•— [Letter Bo9k.] 

2 



^' 



^ ]4 luznnm (v«the - 

£hfi Ofio. anie merid. po$i fnce» Midenmi^ 4^ 

Mr. Wilson and Mr. AndrewB* letter to Sir Edmund Harrison, read arf 
approved, and committed to Mr. Andrews to tranamit it to London.* 

Mr. Hampton*s letter to Mr. Mather and others, in Boston, was read sad 
approved; ordered Aat Mr. Andrews hare die sending of it 

Mr. Taylor's letter to Mr. Davis, and another to Monokin and Wioomioo, 
were read and ^proved. 

Ordered, That no members of this Presbytery, upon any whatever pRS* 
tence, do depart or leave the Presbyleiy, wimout the meeting be bffoke<ap, 
or at least leave be asked and had ftom the Presbytery. 

• ToSir EdmmidHarrisoii. 

Jliiy,17Q|* 
Honourable Sir, 

The diitrtiwed eoaditkm oftfaeM Provinoeis with r6ipeottorelifloB,fa Whidhikt 
pravidence of God hu out our lot, has moved ns to apply to the Raveraad MinislTarf 
Botton, in New*R»gland, to kin witb as la addwinf yoondC and other oharitaUi 
gentlemen in Londm, to rmmmdm the itato of theee ooontriei, and to implore jo«r bfHf 

«aaBiatanoe fiir prainotingtheintereitofoar|rloiioosLord. To oor great wtiafiielioii 
have readily complied with our deaire, and have drawn up and aigned a Is tlat puw 
arly directed to vooreelC And that we ibr oar parts may not be wanting, bsnif 
■med of that pafilc ezoelleiit spirit in yoa, fiuned both fiir pie^ and praHMn da 
tikewiae addreaa oondvea anto yoar honour opon the same aoooant The aggoiiafticai 
began and enooaragad fay a fimd, in the time when oar worthy friend Mr. HeKeniie, 
(now deceased,) waa with yoo, Ibr evangeliting theee ooloniee, was a bwiineai exceed- 
ingly acceptable to a moltitnde of people, and was Ulsdy to have been of great aorviee 
if continued, whieh makes as mnoh grieved that so valuable a design was, ao aooo after 
its beginning, laid aside. The aeeeailty of eanying on the sameaflbhr beiog as great, if not 
greater now, than it was then, we hope that oor patriots [patrons?] in Lomka^artUrevha 
aoffood and important a wor^ and not let it lie bariedander the aAea, bat (hUaoiQesn^ 
tame method will be taken that it may be set on ibot again. Unto iHiom ean we appl|y 
oarselves more fitly than onto our fttbera, who have been extolled In the r elbiMi ed 
charches for their large boonty and benevolenee in their neeesntles. We doidit not, bit 
if the Bom of aboat two handred poands per ammm, were raised ftr the eneoarageaMMt 
of ministers in these parts, it woiud enable ministera and people to ereet eight rongrnga 
tiooe, and oarselves put In better dreamstancee than hitherto we have been. We aie at 
present seven ministers, most of whose oatward alEUra are so straitened as to erave reCeC 
onto which, if two or three more were added, H woald greafly strenalhen oor Tntatiiai, 
which does miserably aoflbr, as thioga at preeent are among as. Sir, If we shall be aap> 
plied with ministera from too, whleh we eamesdy dealreLwith yoar beoevokooe to tti 
valoe aboveeaid, yoo may be aaaorad of our fidelity and Qiristian eare In d istrl b tt ting k 
to the best ends and porpoees we ean, ao as we hope we shall be able to give a joat aai 
&ir accoont fbr every part of it to yooreelf and others, by oor kttwa to yoo. u ie wfl 
known what advantages the fifisBlooariee firom England have of os^ fimn the ealtM Ibtal 
of their Church, which not only liberallv aopporta them here, bat enBooragea ao mtat^ 
Insolences both against oor persons and intereala, which s wie w fli fly looking en, yn eaa- 



not but lament and eimve your reanedy. That oor evangelical affiiirs may be the betHf 
managed, we have fbrmed oorsehres into a Presbytery, annually to be convened at tfali 
city ; at which timee it Is asore distress and trooble onto as, tint we are not able to ooa»i 
ply with the desires of sondty pboes, erying onto oa ftr mlnklars to deal Ibrth the weH 
of fife onto them; thereftte we most earaeady baoeeeh yoo, la tiie boweb of eor Lecii 
to intercede with the ministers of London, and other weU aflbolad gentlemen, to cottoj 
their charity and pity to us, to earry on ao necessary and |lorlooa a work; otherwiii 
many people will remain in a periabing condition as to spirttnal things. In ao defaML 
yoar humble 6u|^caiito ahall ever pray that the blessings of God's thraie and fe'HiitpS^ 
may be conferred upon yoo and them. 

P. 8. The death td that worthy and honoaraUe peraon, the Lord Lovdaoe, we ata 
afiraid win prove detrimental to oor Intereat; and we eooldwhli that his plaee were filal 
again with a person of audi a spirit and temper as he appeared to be eC We desire tfairik 
what you shall please to traMBsit to as, as to kttera or otherwise, nay be directed mte 
Mr. Andrews, or in his absenea to Mr. David GIflfaig and Mr. Wifilam Allen, In PUIk. 
ildpUa.--[£efftr Bmk] 



PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 15 

Ordered, That our next meeting be at Philadelphia, on the third Tuesday of 
September, 1710. And that Mr. Hampton prepare his Presbyterial exercise 
against diat time, from Heb. i. 6. 

At a Presbytery held at Philadelphia, 

September 20, 1710. Post preces sedenmt. 

Mr. John Wilson, Mr. Jedediah Andrews, Mr. George McNish, Mr. John 
Hampton, ministers. 

Mr. John Gardner, Mr. Joseph Yard, Mr. Alexander Brown, Mr. Benja- 
min Aidlett, elders. 

It being pnt to the vote who should be moderator, carried for Mr. George 
McNish; and also voted for the clerk, carried for John Hampton. 

The Presbytery met to-day, though yesterday was appointed, because the 
members were not come together before this day. 

Mr. Hampton, according to order, delivered his Presbyterial exercise, and 
the same was approved of. 

Upon the desire of the Rev. Mr. John Henry to be admitted a member of 
this Presbytery, having given due satisfaction by testimonials to the Presby- 
toy, he was, according to desire, admitted. 
I At the desire also ofMr. James Anderson, he was admitted, upon produdnff 
I nfficient testimonials of his abilities and qualifications for the ministeriu 
iixk, and that he was duly licensed and ordained thereunto. 
The Presbytery adjourned to eight o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

JOie JoviSt 2(fa. sederunt post preees. 

kha matore and deliberate consideration of the Rev. Mr. Wade's case, 
tint his been long under our consideration, he now offering himself and desir- 
ing to be a member of this Presbytery, was admitted, having satisfied, by 
fctten and testimonials, and personal arguing, that his proceedings have been 
Qch as to ^ve just ground for his acceptance. 

A committee consisting of Mr. Wilson, Andrews, Hampton, appointed to 
Beet at two o'clock, to inquire into Mr. Morgan's and Van Yleck's affair, 
ffld prepare it for the Presbytery. 

Aojoomed till three o'clock, post merid. 

Post precest 3a. sedervntt Spc. 

The committee, according to order, inquired into Mr. Morgan's case, and 
ttade report thereof unto the Presbytery. And after debating thereupon, and 
hifing pat it to vote, it was carried in the ajSirmative to admit said Morgan 
n • member of this Presbvtery. 

The committee reported Mr. Van Vleck's case, and after serious debating 
thereon, put it to the vote, admit him a member of the Presbytery or not, and 
it wai carried in the affirmative. 

Miemorandum : . Upon the admission of these ministers above mentioned : 
three elders more sat in the Presbytery, namely, Mr. Pierce Bray, Mr. John 
Fooid, and Mr. Lenard Van Degrift. 

A eommittee consisting of Mr. Henry, Mr. Anderson, and Mr. Wade, ap- 
pointed to prepare and bring in overtures to the Presbytery, and also take 
cognizance of whatever may be laid before them, to prepare it for the Pres- 
hytcry. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock to-morrow morning. 

Die veneris ante meridiem 4, sederunt^ fyc. post preees. 
Upon information that David Evan, a lay person, had taken upon him 



IQ MINUTES OF THE 

publicly to teach or preach among the Welch in the Great Valley, Chester 
county, it was unanimously agreed that the aaid Evan had done very ill, and 
acted irre^ilarly in thus invading the work of the ministry, and was there- 
upon censured. 

Agreed tliat the most proper method for advancing David Evan in neces- 
sary literature to prepare him for the work of the ministry is, that he lay 
aside all other business for a twelve month, and apply himself dosely to 
learning and study, under the direction of Mr. Andrews, and with the assist- 
ance of Mr. Wilson and Anderson, and that it be left to the discretion of the 
said ministers when to put said Evan on trials, and license him publicly to 
teach or preach. 

Ordered, That Mr. Wilson write to the Welch, in the Welch Tract, and 
Mr. Andrews to those in the Great Valley. 

A call from the good people of Rehoboth, in Maryland, to the Rev. Mr. 
Henry, presented by Mr. Pierce Bray before the Presbytery, and his answer 
deferred till afternoon. 

Adjourned to three o'clock, post meridiem, 

Tlie call to Mr. Henry came under consideration, and being again pro- 
posed to his acceptance, he accepted thereof. 

The letter to the Great Valley, writ by Mr. Andrews, read and approved. 

It being reported that one Walter Kerr defamed the Presbytery, and Mr. 
Morgan, minister to said Kerr, desiring advice therein how to behave, it was 
referred to the said Mr. Morgan to take cognizance of the ofience, and to act 
either by private or public ceuMuro* an the nature of the thing should appear 
to him, and that report thereof be made next meeting. 

Ordered, That tno ministers and elders of the meeting come prepared for 
the future to give a true and impartial account how matters are mutually be^ 
twixt them both, with regard to spirituals and temporals. 

Ordered, That two letters be writ to Woodbridge, to the two parties thero- 
of, by Mr. Wilson, Andrews, and Hampton. 

Mr. Morgan has obtained leave to return home on sufficient reasons oficred. 

Mr. Brown, from the people of Monokin and Wicomico, moved for Mr. 
McNish's answering to the call formerly presented to him, and his answer 
was delayed till to-morrow or Monday. 

Adjourned till to-morrow, nine o'clock. 

Mr. Wilson writ to the people of Welch Tract, and was sustained. 

Ordered, That Mr. Hampton and Mr. Davis preach the admission ser* 
mons of Mr. John Heniy, at Rehoboth. 

Mr. Henry and Mr. McNish appointed to preach to-morrow, being the 
Lord's day, and Mr. Anderson on Monday. 

Adjourned to eight o'clock, Monday morning. 

Letters writ to Woodbridge by Mr. Wilson, Andrews, Hampton, read and 

sustained.* 

* To our Cliristian fKends in Woodbridge, with whom the Rev. Mr. Wade is concerned. 

Sepiemher, 1710. 
Cliristian Friends, 

We salute jou heartily in the Lord, wishing yon graee, mercy, and peace, Sic*: 
Your Reverend rastor, and oar beloved brother, Mr. Wade, liaTuig offered himself to 
be a member of our Presbytery, we have, after due deliberation, accordingly accepted 
of him, to hopes that the issue thereof may tend to the glory of God and good of his 
Church, and contribute to the union and reconciliation of the good people of Woodbridire 
among themseWes, as it doth in  particular manner unite them to us. Thereibre, wa 



PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 17 

Mr. McNish and Brown^s affair came under considerationy and it was fur- 
ther delayed till afternoon, 
idjonmed to three o*clock, afternoon. 

Ordered, That Mr. Henry write to the Presbytery of Dublin. 

Ordered, That Mr. Wilson and Mr. Anderson write to the Synod of 
GStfgow. 

Mr. McNish's affair further delayed till to-morrow morning. 

Ordered, That a letter be writ to Dr. Tongue, at London, by the mode- 
ntor. 

Adjoamed to nine o'clock, to-morrow. 

The letters to Glasgow and Dublin read and sustained.* 

tneech joa oo jour parts, ai we have yoor brethren and neighbonrs on their parts, to 
ilady with all care and diligence, unity, peace, and holiness, and that all division and 
iniinositj bj-post may be entirely buried, by avoiding and shunning all reflections and 
impnident expressions or carriage, that in the least may tend to continue or affgravate 
^oor unhappy divisions, or hinder that true Christian communion and fellowship which 
a the ornament of our holy religion. Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for bre- 
tintn to dwell together in unity ! Thus committing you to God and the word of hii 
fraoe, which is Me to build you up, we remain your servants fiit Christ*s sake. — [LitU ' 

To ovr Chrittian friends that at present are dissatisfied with Mr. Wade. 

September, 1710. 
Dear and Christian Friends, 

We have had your friendly letter presented us by our Rev. Brother, Mr. McNish, 
iBd took it into our most serious consideration, and desire to use all manner of con- 
itieitions tenderness, hoping that you will look upon our whole design to be for the 
tffj of God, and propagation of the gospel among you, boseeching you that our ad- 
viee be not, by any person misunderstood, as if we had any other thing in our view . 
than what we have already mentioned, expecting that it may have its due weight with 
|ioDi and thinking sools. The Rev. Mr. Nathaniel Wade made application to the Presby. 
(^7 to be admitted a member thereof^ upon which we deliberately debated, and made a 
Burow scrutiny into matters as they appeared to us, and found by his certificates that 
Ui ordioation was good and valid according to Scripture rules, and also that ho had a 
ttO and subscriptions even from some of yourselves, with several other recommendations 
tvn persons whose integrity we could not suspect And nothing appoarinr to his dis- 
idrantage sufficiently attested, we judged it unjust to deny his desire, which seemed to 
pi to flow firom sincere intentions of l^ing more usefiil axul doing greater food, he hav- 
iof fieely and fully submitted himself to the judgment and discipline of the Church 
•eeordlng to Presbytery, and alio to the meeting in particular, to whom he and his peo- 
ple DOW stand in relation. Therefore, beloved in the Lord, having thus acted sincerely 
uul used our best endeavours to determine things most justly and fairly, we do recom- 
neod to you tenderness. Christian love and afiection, and for evidence thereof we can 
^ DO other than declare it to be our judgment that you do, (since you do professedly 
own this judicatory,) so far countenance our determination as to have a care of any thing 
tbat looks like dissension or f epiration, but the contrary. And we do likewise, in the 
bowels of Christ, (knowing how much the interest of godliness is concerned in it,) with 
lU tenderness and love, exhort you to study peace and unity amonf your neighbours, and 
to have a conscientious care not to weaken the hands of Mr. Wade in the work of the 
niaistry. And that this duty of love and peace may be the more effectually promoted 
tad practised among you, we have also sent our exhortatory letter to your neighbours, 
that nothing may be wanting on their part, which, together with this, we hope may be 
<f a cementing use. Thus recommending you to the care and guidance of the FVither of 
Liffats, we conclude, and remain your cordial well-wishers. — [Leiter Book*} 

*1^ Presbytery met at Philadelphia to the Rot. Presbytery of Dublin, wisbeth grace, 
merey, peace, (the bond of fellowship,) and prosperity in the gospel of the Lord Jesus. 

Septmher^ 1710. 
Rev. and dear ^ethren in the Lord, 

By a letter from the Rct. Mr. Alexander Sindare, a member of your society, dated 
NovMiber, 1709, and directed to fiir. John Henry, one of oar number, we find you de- 



18 MINUTES OP THE 

Tlift iTiattrr betwixt Mr. Bpdwh and McNish with relation to the people 
of Monokin, came again to be considered, and Mr. McNish agreed to go 
down some time before winter to Monokin, and in the mean time to write to 
them, which the Presbytery have agreed unto; and then Mr. McNish to 
give his answer to their call. 



sire a correspondence may be settled and eontinned from time to time, than the which 
nothing can be more acceptable to oa poor scattered and far dispersed laboarera in cor 
Lord*8 vineyard. As also yon desire an account of oor ecclesiastical affairs, and pnv 
mise all the assistance yonrselves can afford, or procure by interest from others. The 
former wc are ready to give, and for the latter we are grateful. 

As to the state of the Charch in these parts, our interest truly is very weak, and we 
cannot relate this matter without sorrow of heart, since it is too much owing to the ne- 
glect of ministers at home. Our late Rev. Brother Mr. Francis McKemic, prevailed with 
the mini8tcrs of London to undertake the support of two itinerants for the space of two 
years, and afler that time to send two more upon the same condition, allowing the'fbnnex 
after that time to settle, which, if accomplished, had proved of more than credible advan. 
tage to these parts, considering how far scattered most of the inhabitants be. But, alas, 
they drew back their hand, and wc have reason to lament their deficiency. Mad our ^ 
friends at home been equally watchful and diligent as the Episcopal society at Londoo, i 
our interest in most foreign plantations probably might have carried the balance. In aU 
Virginia there is but one small congregation at Elizabeth Kiver, and some few families 
favouring our way in Rappahanock and York. In Maryland only four, in Pennsylrania 
five, and in the Jerseys two, which bounds with some places of Now York, makes up 
all the bounds we have any members from, and at present some of these be vacant. Not 
long ago there was a probability of doing more good in Marvland before episcopacy was 
established by law, and at present is in Pennsylvania, the East and West Jerseys, and . 
some places of New York, if the occasion also t>e not slipped. As for ecclesiastical 
affairs in other places, we shall not here trouble you with, being not perfectly acquainted 
tlierewith ourselves. That then. Reverend and dear Brethren, which at present we would 
humbly, for the sake of Christ*s interest, make tlie sut ject of our address unto you is, 
tliat of your zealous Christian, and religious charity to the mystical body of the bleaaed 
Jesus, you would raise one sixty pound to support an able well approved of ycmng man 
from yourselves as an itinerant in these parts, among the dispersed children of God for a 
year, afler which time we doubt not but he may be settled comfortably. This we have 
used our interest in London for, in the hands of the Rev. Mr. Calamy, which we expect, 
according to promise fVom the Rev. Mr. Sinclare, you will use yours also to forward. 
And in the mean time not be wanting to answer our former request. Thus, not making 
the least doubt but this our letter shall have the desired answer, we subscribe ourselves, 
by our representative, your well wishers in the LonL — [Letter Book,l 

The Presbytery met at Philadelphia, to the Right Reverend Synod of Glasgow. 

Skptembtr^ 1710. 
Right Reverend, 

Hoping you are in part acquainted with the circmnatanoes of our interest in thesf 
American plantations, and persuading ourselves of your readiness to contribute both by 
advice and otherways for the general good of Christianity in these poor neglected pro- 
vinces, we have unanimously judged it, (knowing none so proper lo apply unto, and re- 
pose our confidence in, as yourselves, our Reverend Brethren of the Church of Scotland, 
whom we sincerely honour and affectionately esteem as fathers,) our duty, for strengthen- 
ing our interest in the service of the gospi.l, to address you for your concurrence with m 
in so great and good a work. We are not a little encouraged in these our applications^ 
by a letter from the Rev. Mr. James Brown, of Glasgow, one of the members of tlie Rer. 
Synod, (to some of our good friends,) of your willingness to correspond with as, in what 
concerns the advancement of the Mediator's interest in these regions where our lot is 
fallen. We have, for some years past, formed ourselves into a Presbytcrial meeting, an* 
nually convented at the city of Philadelphia, in Pennsylvania, and to our capacities, (coi»< 
sidering our infancy, paucity, and the many oppositions and discouragements we have aO 
along struggled with,) taken what care we eonld that our meeting, (though small,) mifflil 
be for the general good of religion in these parts. And we are thankful that by the Di> 
vine Providence our endeavours and poor essays have not been altogether in vain. The 
number of our ministers from the respective provinces is ten in all, wree from Maryland, 
five from Pennsylvania, and two from East Jersey. And we are in great expecUOioB 



PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. |g 

Next meeting appointed at Philadelphia, third Tuesday of September, 
1711. And that Mr. Henry and Mr. Anderson prepare their Presbyteriai 
Exereites on 1 Heb. 7th and 8th verses. Mr. Henry on verse 7, and Mr. 
Andenon on verse 8. 

At a Preibytery held at Philadelphia, 

September 20, 1711. Port preces $ederuntf 

Mr. John Wilson, Mr. Jedediah Andrews, Mr. George McNish, Mr. John 
Hampton, Mr. James Anderson, Mr. Nathaniel Wade, ministers. 

John Steel, Joseph Yard, Adam Spenoe, Segfrigus Alricks, Thomas Pike, 
elders. 

Mr. Andrews was clerk, and Mr. Wilson moderator. 

Mr. Henry's letter to excuse his not coming to the Presbytery read, and 
his excuse was sustained. 

Ordered, That the moderator write to him, and signify that his excuse was 
sustained vrith difficulty. 

Mr. Morgan and Mr. Van Vleck were absent, and no excuse given or sent. 

Ordered, That Mr. Andrews write to them to reprehend them for their 
absence. 

Appointed that David Evan's affair, in relation to his proficiency in leam- 
ingbe considered. 

Because of Mr. Morgan's absence, no report was given of that affair of 
Walter Kerr, spoken of in the minutes of the former year. 

The minute relating to the giving account of the mutual concerns of minis- 
ten and people referred to next sederunt. 

Mr. Davis and Mr. Hampton preached the admission sermons of Mr. Henry 
looording to appointment. 

Upon a certain emergency the Presbytery met a day later than appoint- 
ment. 

Adjourned to 8 o*clock, to-morrow morning. 

21 sesstone 2da. die veneris. 
Inquhry was made of the several ministers, touching the state of their con- 



thit loiDe from other places may be encoura^d to join ns hcreaflcr. We have thought 
good further to represent to the Rev. Sj^nod, the desolate condition of sundry vacant 
phces who have applied to us for a supply of ministers, who express their Christian de- 
ws of enjoying the public administrations of the gospel purely, but to their and our grief 
tktj are not in a capacity to provide a competent maintenance for tho support of minis- 
ters witKoot being beholden to the Christian assistance of others, at least for some time. 
We ar« soiTy in our present circumstances we can neither answer their requests by sup- 
Ffving them with ministers, nor contributing towards their outward support, some of oor- 
mnm Mnf considerably straitened. May it therefore please the pious and Rev. Synod, 
ii ttmpunon to the desolate souls in America, perishing for want of vision, to send over 
Me or moro ministen, and to support them for longer or shorter time. This will be a 
Hork very worthy of persons of your character, a strengthening to us and our interest, 
nd a matter of singular comfort to all the sincere lovers of our Lord Jesus Christ We 
ftrther represent, that according to the best of our judgment, forty pounds sterling, an- 
WuMf paid in Seotland, to be transmitted in goods, will be a competency for the support 
of each minister yon send, provided that of your pious and Christian benevolence yon 
mktUy fit them oat And aftcar they have here laboured in the Lord's vineyard a year 
•r twoif wn are in good hopes that tfaji^ will find such comfortable encouragement as may 
flriaea them to s^lle among os without giving yon fiirther trouble for their support 
IWi l ecomroending o n re el fe s and affairs to your (christian concern and hearty prayers, 
opeetinf your ready coneufrence with ns in these representations and desires for the 
fMc good and interest of the gospel, and praying for the rich Messing of heaven upon 
^oorsehres, and soceess in yoor oudertakings for Christ*s Church, we remain your aneo- 
" ' femhraa and ftttow labeorsn in the work ef the Loid^Xslfer Botk.] 



20 IflNUTES OF THE 

gregadons and of themselves, with relation thereto; and also of the severe 
elders, not only of the measures taken to support the ministry, but of the lifi^ 
conversation, and doctrine of their several ministers, and report was given \c 
satisfaction for this time. 

Mr. McNish's affair in reference to Patuxent, deferred till another time. 

Appointed that the Moderator and Mr. Andrews write to the people ol 
Cohanzy, in relation to Mr. Exell. 

Mr. Wade*s case deferred till the afternoon. 

Adjourned to 3 o'clock, afternoon. 

Post Merid. 

Messrs. McNish, Hampton, and Wade, appointed to inspect into the profi- 
ciency of David Evan. 

Adjourned till 9 o'clock, to-morrow. 

22 Die Saiumi. 

Mr. Wade's case was reassumed. 

The Moderator and Mr. Hampton appointed to draw up a form of wordSf 
which Mr. Wade is to use in the public reversing the sentence, publickly 
passed by him against John Ilsley and William Sharp.* 

Messrs. Andrews, McNish, and Hampton, ordered to read the papers, rela- 
ting to Mr. Wade's business, and to make report the next aedenuU. 

Adjourned till 10 o'clock on Monday. 

24 Die Luna. 

Messrs. Andrews, McNish, and Hampton, did what was appointed relating 
to the papers concerning Mr. Wade*s case, and made report accordingly. 

Mr. McNish's case came under consideration, and 'twas determined to 
leave his affair respecting Jamaica and Patuxent to himself, with advice not to 
delay fixing himself somewhere. 

Mr. Anderson was defective in not delivering his Presbyterial exerciset 
was censured for his defect, and appointed to deliver it the next meeting. 

Adjourned to 4 o'clock, afternoon. 

Po9t Merid. 

The Moderator and Mr. Andrews writ the letter to Cohanzy, and it wai 
approved.! 



1711. 



* A form of words appointed to be read for rereraing a censare paaaed by Mr. Wade 
against John Ilsley and William Sharp, as foUoweth : 

Whereas some time ago, a censure of too high a natm« has been here past againsl 
John Ilsley and William Sharp, (though we cannot altogether excuse thera, espeetail} 
the former,) I do now upon ^rood ground and satisfaction given, declare that the aainc 
peraoDs, John Ilsley and William Sharp, are cleared from said censure, and now receiveii 
into full communion as formerly before such censure, with this church, and all person 
are accordingly to take notice thereofl 

t A Letter to the people of Cohanzy. 

SifUmUr^ 1711. 
Dear and Christian Friends : 

From our sincere regard to your spiritual and everhsting welftre, we have taken 

into our most serious consideration, your state and condition, as at present circumstanee4 

and could not but think it our incumbent duty, to lay before you what have been ou 

tliou|rhts thereupon. We could have wished you had taken better advised steps for yooi 

provision, as to the ministry, for we fear your present supply will not answer your ezpe» 

tatioQ. As for the gentleman, that has for some time preached among you, though wi 

wiab him no harm, but all the good he can reasonably derire; yet we have such respeel 

to tlM honour of the Go^ in fHwral and yonrMtvos in partionlar, tlialt by tho bool 



PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 21 

The committee gave in their report concerning David Evan, and do ap- 
prove of his hopeful proficiency. 

Semil papers offered hy John Haley in relation to Mr. Wade, not being 
tha^t proper to be discussed by this meeting, the said papers were deliv- 
ered l» him again, in concurrence with his own desire. 

i<$oomed to 8 o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

25 Die Mortis. 

The Moderator and Mr. Andrews wrote the letter to Monokin, and 'twas 

approred, 

Adjoamed to 3 o'clock, afternoon. 

Post Mtrid. 

Mr. Wade's business further discoursed about. 
Adjourned til 9 o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

26 Die Mercurii. 

Ordered, That Mr. Wilson do supply the people of Patuxent four Sab- 
Moj Mr. Henry four Sabbaths, and Mr. Hampton is left to himself to supply 
sometime if he can. 

Ordered, That Mr. Wilson in his letter to Mr. Henry, signify the appoint- 
nent of the Presbytery, concerning his supplying at Patuxent. 

This day our Keverend Brother, Mr. Wade, being asked if he had any 
thing further to offer in relation to Woodbridgc, he did freely and of himself, 
nake the following offer, viz : Whereas he had, with the greatest seriousness, 
for a long time truly lamented the many and unhappy jarrings among the 
people of Woodbridge ; and that he might be no longer a bone of contention^ 
did (oiut of a sense of the glory of God, the good of that people, and his own 
firture quiet,) propose it, as the most healing method, that he, by the consent 
ofthc Presbytery, would cheerfully demit and resign up all pastoral relation 
to the whole people of Woodbridge, heartily wishing that they may unite in 
oiling another minister, that the Presbytery shall approve of. And Mr. Wade 
further proposed, that in the meantime, till they be supplied, the Presbytery 
^ tske care that they may not be left destitute of help. 

Mr, Van Vleck's excuse with respect to his absence, was sustained, he 
^Ing disabled by sickness, as one of^his elders reported, being sent for that 
pnrpose. 

Agreed, That the Presbytery take a specimen of David Evan's knowledge 
in Divinity the next sederunt. 

Adjourned to 3 o'clock, afternoon. 

Post Merid. 

After serious deliberation, we are come to this conclusion, that the propo- 
sal made by the Rev. Mr. Wade, concerning the demitting of his pastoral 
<^hirge at Woodbridge, is the only effectual method for the healing all the 
breaches among the people of Woodbridge ; and therefore do heartily concur 
vith him in it, and accept of it as a truly proper and Christian expedient, and 



•eeooDt we have of him, we do not judge him a BiiitaUe peraon to preside in the nunis- 
tvrial function among yoa. He was invited to be present at oar meeting, but he neither 
cune nor sent, which intimates either a contempt or supine neglect of ecclesiastical judi- 
cUorios. We have been informed eonceining some printed papers dispersed bj him 
VBong the people, which papers we cannot approve of, as containing abundance of gross 
^ion, so far as they are intelligible, and a great part consisting of nonsense and self- 
Biatradictiona, which is obvious to any judicious observer. We thought it fit to discharge 
^ conscieoces, in endeavouring to guard you against those things which we judge pre- 
Mciai to truth and your souls* happiness; and do assure yon, thst what lies within the 
cvnpass of oar power, in order to your coinfortable settlement, shall not be wanting firom 

Your soub* well-wishers.— [Letter Book.] 



22 MiNDm OFTHB 

do henceforth allow Ae good people of Woodbridy to wpp^ 

another pastor ag soon ae they can, and in the mean liiaeaciBqpt of tnA inip l ^ 

such supply as shall be offisrad. 

Mr. Wade oidered to sonidv daring the Taeangr* 

Agreed, That none shoula be allowed to Toto m the eaOiw of a niniiisq 
but Uiose that shall contrihnte for the maintenance of him, ana that Ifi e .wyr 
vote of those shall be determinatiTe. 

Ordered, That Mr. McNish do vead the form of words drawn^qifk Ai 
appointment of the Presbjrtery, f<v the reyersing the censure against Jobi 
Ibley and William Sharpe, poUiely at the meeting house in Woodhridgeu.. 

Ordered, That Mr. Hampton and Andenoa wnte a letter to the people d 
Woodbridge. 

The letter appointed to be writ to Patazmt, was read and appnyved. 

Adjourned till 9 o*elock, to-mOROW. 

87/KeJSMrfs. 

Upon the desire of die peofAe of Maidenhead and HopeweD, signlftsd 
Mr. William Yard, for our assislfaig them in getting a mmisler, iti " 

that in case the people of MaidenMad and HopeweD are not en^ _ 
Mr. Sacket, that they use all opportonities they nsTe for a speedy sapf^^ 
apply themselves to the neignboaring ministers for asristanoe in g«tliB|( « 
minister for them. 

The letter to Woodbridge read and approved.* 

: — ^ 

• A Letter to the Chriitiaa People at Woodfaridfs. 

Dear and Chriftian Friends: 

The nnhapiydifisiops and o o nl s irtt o m that have batnkay among yog, to QUI j^e S t 
grief and coocom, having been again laid belbre w^ with all dmgenee and can, we dU 
agahi take them into conaideratioo, and indeed tend no small matter of eoirow, trenH^ 
and Tezation; and afler spending modi time eoold not, withoot dUBealty, eeanb ie nqf 
eondoiioos. \ 

Upon the whole matter, and aAsr oar awioas rsfleotioos thereon, we eanaot b«t wilk 

Eief tell 700, that we ftv there has been ^nlt on all bandar and that the mootinne^arf 
TO reaflOD of eeUloondemnation; how mneh others, then, that bsYO been the — *'»*i|| ff 
oaoaes, fomenters, and promoters of soeh nnohristian distraetions and tnimosttJes, ifi 
to them by whom oflenees eome. Eiaring menUooed this, we oannot pass on till ftllhi 
bowels of Christ we bessseh and rsqoast too to look book and rspent, to kve «ad wnb^ 
in the tme fear of God and the interest ofhis khigdom ftr the ihtnrsu 

That we are in partioQlar to inlbrm 70a o( whioh (as we hope,) wSL prove sa-eAqlHl 
remedy to all yoor nnhapvy dissensioos is, that onr reverend brother Hr. Nathaniel Wadi^ 
has of himself, freely ud willingly, ftr the i^orr of God and the good of poor WoAi^ 
bridge, (as he and we both do hone,) demitted and resigned a& pastoral rslaliott nato^ wai 
mterestin the whole poople of WoodbridfB; so that he is not any hmger to bs liiiliBdea 
Inr yon, but as a transient ndnislBr ot ooeasional supply. We have, tnetefiira, appoiMlgd 
blm to be your preeent sopplr, nntU yon can, by the maioritj of the votes of sodk ae.nae^ 
tribate to the maintenanee of a mfauster, provide yoorsslves with such an one, as woiiefs 
yon will be mianimous m, and the Presbytery aporove of at onr next meeting; ' j^ 
Christian friends, we doobt not, bat yoo are sensible thai the laboorer b worthy of bb 
hire, and therefore hope yoa will not utterly neglect oar Brother Wade, who Is to bs 
year present supply, so kog os he oontinass sueh. We woaU in the last plane advln 
that, as soon as conveniently yoa can, yoa do onanimoosly meet and eonsalt on the 



proper methods for settling the ministry among yoa; and that therein all private iMei 
reste, and needless oontradietiflns, and divisions m laid asidBa the gloiy of God and foil 
of oar sooli purely aimed at and etodied, and that yoa forsake not the sssemhling jgap 
selves to^^ether. And thos vre hops, by Cfaristlsn prodsnoe and moderation, yo« :«v|i 
bring thingi, by the good providence of God, to a happy issoe and comfortable oodeb^ 
BkkL And asrareyoonmlves tlwt we sbaH always bsrsedy and willing to assist ywtt 
thsotmoetofour power, in thsworic of the Gospel among you. Now brethrsn,tl!»08l 
ofPeaceandOrder be withyoa; dirset,ftrBiigtlMi, and establish yeob so pcsfSb:-.}/ 



PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 23 

Kpipointed, That David Evan preach under the direction and inspection of 
Messn. Wilson, Andrevirs, and Anderson, till the next Presbytery. 

Oi^bed, That Mr. Wade and Mr. Morgan prepare their Presbyterial exer- 
6m against the next Presbytery, the former on the 9th the other on the' 
lOthnrse of Heb. i. And Uiat Mr. Wade intimate this appointment to Mr. 
Mmgan. 

Next meeting appointed at Philadelphia, on the third Tuesday of Septem- 
ber, 1712. 

At I Presbytery held at Philadelphia, which began, 

September 17, 1712. Postpreces sederunt^ 

Ministers: Messrs. Jedediah Andrews, John Hampton, John Henry, James 
Andenon, Joseph Morgan, and Paul Van Vleck. 
Elden: Messrs. Joseph Yard, Isaac Piper, John Burges, Isaac Dilbeck. 
David Evan, a candidate, was chosen Clerk, and Mr. Jedediah Andrews, 
I Modentor. 

[ The members not being come together yesterday, the Presbytery began 
[ ifaisday. 

: The roll being called over, our Rev. Brother, Mr. John Wilson, was taken 
away by death, and Messrs. Davis, McNish, and Wade, were absent. 

The Presbytery, after inquiry, are satisfied that Mr. Davis was necessarily 
abseflt this three years past; and it is ordered that Mr. Hampton and Mr. 
Henry do exhort him to attend for the future, or send sufficient excuse in 
writing. 

Mr. Morgan's reasons for not coming to the Presbytery last year were 
given and sustained. 

' The business of Walter Kerr, mentioned in the year 1710, and continued 
^ last year, being of so long a standing, and falling of itself, the Presbytery 
4ioQ^t good to pass it without any furuier notice. 

Touching the appointment made the last Presbytery for the supply of the 
people of Patnxent, it was complied with to satisfaction. 

Mr. Heniy delivered his Presbyterial exercise that was appointed 1710, 
^Qd was approven. 

One Mr. Bratton, a minister, who arrived in Maryland some time last fall, 
being detained by sickness that he could not attend the Presbytery, sent his 
Certificate of his legal admission to the ministry, and it was approven. 

Mr. Robert Wilson, being commissioned, did present a letter from the peo- 
ple of Monokin and Wicomico, relating to their church affairs, in answer 
to a letter sent to them by us last year; and also a call to the Rev. Mr. 
Thonut Bratton, with a paper of subscriptions for his encouragement. 

And it is ordered that a letter be writ to the said Mr. Thomas Bratton, with 
icmet to the said call, in favour of that people. 
Mr. Anderson ordered to write the letter. 
Adjoomed till to-morrow, nine o*clock. 

18 Die Javis^ post precea, sederunt y ^c. 

Mr. McNish gave his reasons for not attending at the opening of Presby- 
tOT, and they were accepted. 

Mr. Anderson writ the letter to Mr. Bratton, and it was approven. 

The order for inquiring into the mutual condition of ministers and people, 
WIS observed, and no complaint was made by any, except by Mr. Van Vleck 
with respect to the people of Neshaminy, which cause is now depending 

Adjourned till three oclock, afternoon. 



I 



24 MINUTES OF THE 

PoMt merid, po§t preces, stdtrunt^ ifC. 
The business relating to Mr. Van Yleck and his people resumed* 
Adjourned to nine o'dock. to-morrow. 

10 Die veneriif poH preetM^ 4rt. 

The business relating to Mr. Van Vleck and his people, came again i 
consideration. 

Mr. Anderson delivered his Presbyterial exercise that was appointed hii 
1710, and it was approven. 

Adjourned to half an hour after three in the afternoon. 

Post merid. post preeeM^ ^. 

The business concerning Mr. Van Vleck and his people, again taken into 
consideration. 

It was concluded that after the Presbytery had examined the several eri* 
dences brought in relation to the crime of bigamy, alleged against Mr. Van 
Vleck, as also the exceptions offered by the said Van Vleck against the eti- 
dences, and in vindication of himself, the Presbytery not finding the evidenco 
clear and positive enough to prove the crime against him, and yet Mr. Vm 
Vleck's vindication not sufficient to take off the scandal wholly, do therefore, 
till such time as Mr. Van Vleck bring satisfying proof of his first wife'i 
death, for the honour of the gospel, advise that he do not officiate as a minii- 
ter of the gospel. To which advice he does willingly agree. 

Ordered, upon the whole, that a letter be writ to Mr. Van Vleck's people, 
by the moderator and Mr. Hampton.* 

The Presbytery having seen Mr. George Gillespie's certificates, from the 
Presbytery of Glasgow, concerning his being licensed to preach, and hia con- 
versation, did approve of them, and in case Providence make way for hi§ 
ordination, by a call from any congregation before next Presbytery, Mr. An- 
drews, McNish, Anderson, and Morgan, are ordered to ordain him, and thii 
one of the said members, or two, as they shall see fit, preach at the solemnity. 

A petition from the people of Whiteclay Creek was read. 

Adjourned to nine o clock, to-morrow. 

20 Lie Saiumi, post preces^ ^^ 
Two letters from the people of Woodbridge, and one from Mr. Wade, be* 
ing read, the business of that place was taken into consideration. 

* A letter to the people to whom Mr. Van Vleck did use to preach. 

Seftemher I9th^ 1713. 

Christian Friends, 

We have had your melancholy afifur relating to the diUerence between some of job 
and Mr. Van Vleck mider serious consideration, and do sincerely lament the same, ai 
being of that nature to hinder the progress of true religion and good of souls. 

We, afler much pains and time spent about it, did agree to give it as our advice to Mr. 
Van Vleck, to desist from the exercise of his ministerial office until he vindicate himsdf 
from the grievous scandal that is so common, of his having two wives; which advice of 
ours he himself has willingly agreed unto, as the best way to take off and prevent, for 
the future, the reproach that its plain religion and godliness might otherwise lie under. 
And tlicreforo we hope. Christian friends, that you'll all take in good part, the care and 
pains we have been at in this matter, and be contented with what we luive advised nnloi 
and recommend unto you the practice of holiness, Christian love and peace, improving 
all opportunities you may have of public ordinances in the mean time, and that you. eiw 
deavour to heal breaches as much as you can. 

Postscript, The reason of this advice for his not preaching was this, that the Pre» 
bytcry could not find proof clear and positive enough to prove the crime against 
yet Mr. Van V]eck*s vindication did not appear sufficient— [Leffer Book,] 



PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 25 

Oideved, That the moderator, Mr. McNish, and Mr. Hampton, bring in 
I orertiire with respect to Mr. Wade's affair, Uie next iederunt, 

A petition presented from the people of Welsh Tract and Great Valley, 
ritfa respect to David Evans, afterwards to be taken into consideration. 

The petition of the people of Whiteclay Creek was again read, and it was 
nfend, that if Mr. Gillespie sees fit to leave Woodbridge, he first supply 
tat people for some time, or any other he may be invited by, at his own ai»- 
Rtioii, till next Presbytery. 

Adjourned to Monday, at nine o'clock. 

22 Die LunXt poit preeea^ nderunty ^e, 

Mr. Morgan die Sabbaii delivered his Presbyterial Exercise that was s^p- 
pomted him 1711, and this day it was animadverted upon and approven. 

k petition from the people of Cohanzy, being presented by Mr. John 
Ogden, their messenger, was read, and left to further consideration. 

It was ordered, that a letter be writ to that people by the moderator. 

The overture brought in by the moderator, Mr. McNish, and Hampton, 
Qoneeming Mr. Wade and the people of Woodbridge, read and approven, 
»d was as follows : 

It is oveitured. That whereas, for these several years, we have endeavoured 
to accommodate the differences between Mr. Wade and the people of Wood- 
bridge, after some time, at his own proposal, we admitted him as a member 
of our Presbytery, and he submitted himself willingly to our constitution, 
: which we hoped would have been effectual for the taking away these unhappy 
dimons, but to our sad disappointment, we have found them continue and 
nther increase. 

The first year of his admission, we hoped that our Christian and ministerial ' 
adTicse, both to Mr. Wade and the disagreeing parties at Woodbridge, would 
ittre been sufficient for reconciliation, but herein also we were lamentably firus- 
^nted, for * the next Presbytery their mutual complaints were again renewed. 

And after inquiry and serious deliberation upon those complaints, some 
whereof brought by the people against Mr. Wade were of a scandalous na- 
^, and of long standing, we came to an unanimous resolution, that really 
Mr. Wade has been all along, and continued to be, the woful bone of conten- 
^ among that unhappy people, and that therefore the only effectual way 
of patting an end to these unchristian jars, was tliat Mr. Wade should demit 
all pastoral relation to the whole people of Woodbridge, and that they should 
be at full liberty to choose some other minister ; but in the mean time, we 
were willing that Mr. Wade should supply their vacancy until another offer- 
^t not doubting but that Mr. Wade and the good people of Woodbridge 
would use their unanimous endeavours with all convenient speed, to provide 
themselves with a qualified minister in whom they should agree. To all 
which Mr. Wade did, at our last Presbytery aforesaid, give his solemn and 
hearty consent, as fully appears from his own words, then spoken and upon 
record. Nevertheless, Mr. Wade immediately on his return to Woodbridge, 
&i begin, and has continued ever since, to misconstrue our proceedings, and 
render ineffectual all our designs of peace and unity. 

1. By pretending still to a pastoral relation to some of the people of Wood- 
bridge, notwithstanding his own actual renunciatiofl of all such charge as ap- 
pears, and furthermore constituting new church officers. — Vide letter, Novem- 
ber 23, 1711. 

2. By finding fault with some of our Presbytery for providing a supply 
aeeording to the mind of the whole Presbytery, who always designed Mr. 
Wade to supply no longer than tiU another could be had.— Vide letter, Sep- 
tember 16, 1712. 

3 



26 MINUTES OF THE 

3. By opposing the lettkineiit of Mr. Gillespie, a pieadier finm NorA 
Britain, though recommended heartily by Dr. Mather, as well as sndficieBil^ 
from Glasgow, and at first generally lilLed by the people of Woodbcidge^- 
Yide Dr. Mather's last letter to Woodbridge. 

4. But most of all, and which indeed includes all, by a shamefiil reeanb-l 
tion which he, the said Mr. Wade, made, in a letter to three of our nnmbav 
dated November 23, 1711, of what he solemnly and frankly admewledgei 
upon conviction of his conscience, as he said, viz. that he had been a boneef 
contention at Woodbridge, and Uierefore, that he might be so no kmger* be 
demitted all pastoral relation to them, heartily wishing they might nnile ii 
calling another which the Presbytery might approve of, as our recorda muii 
appear; this he now declares he recants, so that it seems he resolves sll 
upon being the wretched bone of contention, and therefore labours what k 
can, contrary both to the greatest part of the people, and the mind of Ae 
Presbytery, to plant himself there again, or if not, to keep up the contention 
And Uiough Mr. Wade has not attended this Presbytery, yet his o\vn lettoi 
above cited, besides the personal knowledge of several members of this Pie^ 
bytery concerning this afiatr, and the letters from the people, dated one d 
them, November 6, 1711, another September 13, 1712, besides one finon 
Mr. Thomas Pike, of November 10th, 1711, do sufficiently evidence the 
contentions about him to be as great as ever. — Vide letter Nov. 23 » 1711. 

We, therefore, in the fear and name of our great Master, do appoint airi 
ordain that the said Mr. Wade do no longer exercise his ministerial ofioe M 
the town of Woodbridge, or among the people thereof, unless allowed by the 
Presbytery hereailter, but that he forthwith, and without resistance, directh 
or indirectly, give place to some other whom God in his providence may send 
and the good people of Woodbridge, or the major part of them, call and agise 
about. 

Ordered, That Mr. Andrews and Anderson write upon that head to Dr. 
Cotton Mather, Mr. Nathaniel Wade, and the people of Woodbridge. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, afternoon. 

P. M. 

The letter to the people of Cohanzy was read and approvcn. 

The Presbytery received a letter from Mr. Gillespie, and it was ordeied 
that Mr. Henry >vrite an answer unto it. 

A complaint of the melancholy circumstances Mr. John Macky, in ElliiS' 
beth River, Virginia, labours under, by Mr. Henry, the Presbytery was coS' 
cemed. And Mr. John Hampton saying that he designed to write to him oi 
an affair of his own, the Presbytery desired him to signify their regard tOi 
and concern for him. 

The afCiir of David Evans came into consideration, and it was appointed 
that Mr. Hampton, Henry, and Morgan, inquire into his proficiency in leaxih 
ing, and give in a report the next sederunt. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock, to-morrow. 

23 Lie MartiSjpo8t precca, &e. 

The letter to Mr. Gillespie was read and appro ven. 

The brethren appointed to inquire into David Evan's proficiency in leamiiv 
brought in their report, that he had for the time, made considerable prof 
ciency ; whereupon it was voted, whether he should be ordained before the 
next Presbytery, according to the people's desire, and it was carried in the 
negative. 

Ordered, That he continue to follow his studies under the inspection of 
Mr. Andrews, &c., as heretofore. 



PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. fgj 

The letten to Dr. Cotton Blather, Mr. Wade, and the people of Woodbridge, 
wne written and approven.* 

Oidered, That Mr. Andrews preach next Presbytery on the 11th verse of 
& first to the Hebrews, and Mr. McNish on the 12th. 



* To Dr. Gottoa Mather. 

September^ 1713. 
Rer. «Dd Dear Brother: 

Yoa are not altogether unacquainted with the troubles that hare been long at Wood- 
Wdlge, hj reaaoo of Sie difference between Mr. Wade and a jrreat part of the people 
tkn^ which hxve occasioned much exercise and perplexity to us m>m year to year at oar 
Mniuimy meetings, not only since his admission into our society, but also diverse years 
Mn. We hoped when he became one of us, we should have b^n instrumental of put- 
ting an end to those unhappy jarrs and feuds, but to our great sorrow, we have found 
<WM?es miaeraUy disappointed, for the contention increas^ rather than decreased pre- 
mOw thereupon, and has doue so ever since. At our Presbytery last year, diverse of the 
people of Woodbridge appeared, some for and others against Mr. Wade; and grievous 
W i wd a le wera charged upon him, against which he made the best vindication 1m could, 
but not so good, but that we thought convenient to advise him to demit his pastoral rela- 
tion to the whole people of Woodbridge, which advice he readily acquiesced in. 

That the place might not be altogether destitute, it was thought expedient to make 
ium their supf^ till another could be procured, to the satisfaction of the Presbytery and 
peopioL Mr. Wade, with tears in his eyes and trembling hands, declared he would be 
no kmger a bone of contention there, which was matter of great rejoicing and satisfaction 
to JM, expecting this would undoubtedly tend to the comfort and quiet of that miserable 
ton; in which also our hope was frustrated to our great concern and lamentation. 

Notwithstanding of such a free resignation of his charge made by him, he no sooner 
returned home, but ho told the people, with ostentation, that now he was more firmly 
find in Woodbridge than ever he was before; and instead of complying with his demis. 
M so sdemnly made, and joining with the people to get another minister, as he had 
promised to us; when the town came together to consider of that matter, he declared that 
be stood as fiur to be voted for as any roan, and contended that a vote should be first 
put inth respect to himself, fallaciously and fidsely pretending private instructions from 
(fiverse members of the Presbytery so to do ; thereby overturning and misapplying all 
tint was done at the Presbytery, to the breaking up of the meeting once and again re 
M/eeto, and to the further concision of the town, which constrained the people to send a 
taemaufer to a coram of our number for explication of our letter, which was very plain 
of itse]£ Moreover he had the confidence in his letter to those, not only to claim an 
bterest in a part of the people still, as his church, but to recant that expression, wherein 
be had declared, that he would be no longer a bone of contention, thereby virtually 
RDooncing his demission he had so formally made ; which recantation, by the best infbr- 
nitian we can get, he hath effectually complied withal, by his continuing to be the 
BUMrable bone of contention there. For it plainly appears to uf, that it is his industri- 
on endeavour to prevent the happy settlement of'^that place in another minister, either 
bf setting up himsislf again, or keeping up the contention, or both. 

We hoped that when Mr. Gillespie came there, (a gentleman recommended with an 
ttoeUcnt character, and of so laudable a carriage,) that he should have been the happy 
UMtmnient of uniting that people, especially when his management there was to uoiver- 
>il satis&ction. And it is our opinion it had been so, if Mr. Wade had concurred with 
the people in it. But when he returned firom Boston with your letter, (which, we doubt 
Bot, was with a sincere intention to promote the good of Woodbridge,) eiving encou- 
tigement concerning one Mr. Wiswall; the town became divided betwixt Mr. Grillespie 
ttid Mr. Wiswall, which division we f^r is too much owing to Mr, Wade, there appear- 
isf an likelihood of agreement in Mr. Gillespie before, which mistake we conclude to 
w fivm misinformation, as your last letter to some in Woodbridge intimates. 

We being fully persuaded, after serious deliberation and cousultation, that so loDf as 
Aere is any hopes of Mr. Wade*s preaching in Woodbridge, those feuds and animosities 
viO be encUess, have ordained and appointed, in the name and fear of our great Master, 
Aat the said Mr. Wade do no longer exercise his ministerial office at that town of Wood- 
hidge, or among the people thereof, unless hereafter allowed by the Presbytery. We 
wore constrained to this appointment, though Mr. Wade were not personally present, as 
king the oily thing we could propose, and the utmott we could do for the gcxxi of poor 
Woodbridge. 
Now sir, our joint request to yon is, that yoa will use your utmost endeavour for the 



28 MINUTES OF THE 

Next Presbytery appointed to be at New Casde, on the third Tuesday o 
September, 1713. 

At a Presbytery held at New Castle, which began, 

September 15th, 1713. Post preces sedenmif 

Ministers: Messrs. Jedediah Andrews, George McNish, John Henry, 
James Anderson. 
Mr. James Anderson was chosen Clerk, and Mr. John Henry, l^oderator. 

re-oniting of that people by persuading them and Mr. Wade to lay aside all former rt&eA 
ments and prejudices against one another, and peaceably acquiesce in the settlement of 
Mr. Gillespie, if he may be prevailed upon. And in case this proposal should fail, by Mft 
Gillespie^s removal, which we very much fear, that they may jointly agree in another 
suitable person, whom yourself with our other reverend brethren in Boston shall recom- 
mend, or that Providence may otherways provide. We the more earnestly desire the 
■peedy settlement of that place, upon the advantages that other persuasions take from 
those divisions, to make fmrtics among them. And wc fear, that in case it be not sooo 
done, we shall lose that town, which we look upon as a place of considerable consequence. 
Thus having laid before you the miseries of that deplorable town, and the nccessitjr ol 
its speedy relief^ we conclude, recommending you and your holy labours to the blessin| 
of our glorious Lord, and rest Reverend Brother, 

Your affectionate Brother in Christ — [Letttr Bock.] 

To Mr. Nathaniel Wade. 

September, 1713. 
Mr. Wade: 

We have had our meeting according to appointment, and were sorry that your 
business could not allow your attendance ; your reasons intimated in your letter wen 
sustained. The continued feuds between you and the people of Woodbridge came agaift 
under consideration, and after mature deliberation, we drew up the following overture 
as the determination of the Presbytery concerning yourself, which we here transcribe and 
send you, expecting your ready compliance therewith. And at the some time earnestly 
exhort you, in the name and fear of God, to be so far from countenancing any difiereOr 
ces among the people, by being a bone of contention^ that you do use your utmost intereit 
in them ror their mutual peace and concord, as becomes a minister of the Prince of 
Peace. We account it would be an honourable thing in you that you use your belt 
endeavours, that the worthy gentleman now among you, Mr. Gillespie, may be retainedj 
and not discouraged ; and that the people that have hitherto adhered to you, may be 
advised thankfully to acquiesce in him. And in case these differences should dirive Mr* 
Gillespie out of the town, (which we hope no maii will dare to maintain for that purpose,] 
we expect you will conscientiously, what in you lies, labour with the people that the plaei 
may be settled in the enjoyment of some other suitable person whom Providence Mt 
provide. In a word, we earnestly recommend to you, that you study the peace and quiel 
of the town, that they may become at length, if it can be, happy in the enjoyment of ai 
established ministry, according to the present desires of the people, that so these qnarreb 
may not be carried on ad if{finUum, — [Letter Book,] 
The Overture is in the book of minutes. 

To our Christian Friends at Woodbridge. 

September, 1713. 
Christian Friends and Dearly Beloved ; 

We have again taken much pains andspentfmuch time in deliberating upon the depk 
rable differences of your town, which have heretofore cost us so much perplexity and trov 
ble. And after impartial weighing and considering all circumstances we came to this ook 
elusion, that so long as Mr. Wade does or may preach in the place, the people will neithc 
agree in him nor in any other. We have, therefore, in the name and fear of our great Mai 
ter, ordained and appointed that he do no longer exercise his ministerial office at yon 
town, or among the people thereof, unless allowed by the Presbytery hereafter, of wbie 
we have given intimation in our letter to him. We do earnestly exhort and intreat yoi 
in the bowels of bur Lord Jesus Christ, that laying aside all prejudices and animositic 
among one another, you do study peace, love, unity, and concord, as you did solenii4 
exigige not long since in a public meeting held among you. Divine Providence havia 



PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 29 

Mr; Robert Ijawson, Mr. Daniel MagiU, and Mr. George Gillespie, haring 
applied to this Presbytery for admittance as members thereof, and the Pres- 
byteiy finding, by their ample testimonials, that they have been legally and 
oideny ordained as ministers of the Gospel, and that they have since behaved 
themselYes as such, did cheerfully and cordially receive them, and so they 
took their places. 
After which the names of the members being called, there were present. 
Ministers : Messrs. Jedediah Andrews, George McNish, John Henry, James 
Audenoii, Robert Lawson, Daniel Magill, and George Gillespie. 

EldeiB: Messrs. Joseph Yard, Kowlaph Dehaws, James Caldwell, James 
Bdl, Alexander White. 

Aboenty Mr. John Hampton, whose letter of excuse was read and sustained. 
Mr. Joseph Morgan was likewise absent. 
. Next Sederunt appointed to be at three o^clock, afternoon, and so after 
i pnyer the Presbytery was dismissed. 

P. M. at three 6*cloek, post preces sederunt ut supra. 

According to appointment of last Presbytery, Mr. Hampton and Mr. Henry 
tpdie to Mr. Davis concerning his former absence, and being on account of 
Mr. Hampton's sickness necessarily absent, he is for this time excused. 

Mr. Bratton, mentioned in last year's minutes, to our great grief deceased, 
October, 1712. 

Mr. Van Vleck bringing certain papers immediately after breaking up of 
the Presbytery last year, to clear himself from the crimes charged upon him, 
V may more fully appear by a memorandum in the Book of I^etters : and 
tboe being an appointment made to examine the validity of those papers, it 
WH judged by those appointed to inspect into that matter, that he was guilt}'. 
[nieA? Book of Letters.) And he being now absent, and nothing yet appear-* 
ing for his vindication, it Is appointed that his suspension shall continue.* 

■■t ifflODgr yoa fo wofthy a man as Mr. Gillespie, we cannot but recommend him to 
jnr eoantenanoe and encouragement, as a pertion, by the character he bears, by all infbr- 
■itian eoncenuDg him, worthy of your acceptance, and in whom we hope yoa may be 
^ifpf, if yon ean agree. To our lamentation and sorrow we hear that the differences 



iMDf you, have produced thoughts in him, that his abiding there will make him very 
BMsmfoitabfe; Nevertheless we shall endeavour to strengthen his hands and encourage 
Utbeart to try a while longer, waiting for the effect of our renewed essays for peace and 
qnttaesiB aaiong you. And in case you should bo so unhappy as to lose so desenring a 
■u, we justly fear his removal may prove a vast discouragement to another from ven- 
tnig among you, which we conclude all serious Chrbtians will lay to heart Neverthe- 
hm if these oootentions should drive him away, we hope you will still labour to be unani* 
BOOS in the call and settlement of another suitable person; and wo shall not be wanting 
both by oar prayers and other endeavours, to promote your happiness in the enjoyment of 
ID great a blessing. And so recommending you to the grace of God, we remain your 
eordial weU-wiahers^£etter Book,] 

JUMOrttfMfttffl. 

Hut the next day after the Presbytery broke up, Mr. Paulus Van Vleck making 
^ appearance with some papers to vindicate himself from the crime of bigamy, which 
•11 the membefs had a sight of, but all of them being just upon departing, except Mr. 
Aairewi, McNish, and lUmpton, it was left to these to consider of those papers, which 
ftiy did, and thought them not sufficient to clear him from that scandal. There came 
ikBeomplaints against him for telling lies, concerning some things which he bought of 
Mr. Vander Gaegh, and said his mother sent them out of Holland. Whereupon these 
ftMiben nve this as their judgment, that in case he should clear himself from the im. 
IMrtion or bigainy, yet that he should not be allowed to exercise his mimsterial office 
til he cleared binuelf from the said charge of lying also. 
Farther, it being reported there was a letter at New York from the said Bfr. Van 

3* 



2Q MINUTES OF THE 

Mr. George Gilletpie having read a call from the people of Whiteelaj 
Creeky and living delivered a sermon and exegesis, and being examined as Is 
his knowledge in the original languages, his skill in philosophy and theologjt 
by Messrs. Andrews, Anderson, and Morgan, according to &e appwitmsHK 
of the Presbytery, was approved, and solemnly set apart and ordained, by 
fasting, prayer, and imposition of hands, to the office of the sacred mimstij, 
upon the 28th day of May, 1713.* 

Mr. Hampton writ to Mr. John Makie according to appointment. 

Ordered, That Mr. Andrews deliver his Presbyterial exercise to-monow, 
at eleven o'clock. 

Mr. George McNish not having his Presbyterial Exercise ready, andes- 
cnsing himself on account of sickness for a month past, was blamed for not 
preparing of it sooner, and ordered to prepare and deliver the same the neit 
nesbytery. 

Adjourned till to-jnorrow, nine o'clock. 

Die mercuriU l^th day. Post preces sedenrnt^ ^*c. 
The Rev. Mr. Howell Powell having offered himself for admittance as a 
member of this Presbytery, the Presbytery was so well satisfied with whii 



Vleck's mother, that contradicted these which he produced, Mr. McNiah and HamptoB 
being bound thither, it was left to them to inspect into that affair. 

MenuMrandum Second^ Octo6er34, 1713. 

Mr. Hampton being returned, makes this report, that they haying made inspectioa 
mcoordinff to order, found a letter from said Van Vieck^s mother to his unde, Jacob Ph»- 
niz, or his wife, bearing date within three or four days with Van Vleck's letter, and oon^ 
Iradictory to his, testifying that then his wife was alive ; and found also, the hands tf 
they thought, different. Whereupon they were really of opinion, that Mr. Van Vkck 
was guilty of the crime laid to his charge. 

Philadelphia, October 35, 1711 
Mr. Andrews and Hamptoii's letter to the Dutch people. 
Chrifltian Friends, 

We have thought fit to communicate unto you further our thoughts concerning ytftf 
affair with Mr. Van Vleck, which are as followeth : First, concerning the charge of bi* 
having two wives, inquiry has been made at New York as was appointed by Uie mflt^ 
ing, and it's found that there's a letter to Mr. Jacob Pheniz, much of the same date witli 
Mr. Van Vleck's, but directly contradictory to it, testifying that his wife was then alii^ 
neither does it at all appear to be any forgerv, but very genuine, the hand agreeing witli 
fimner letters of Mr. Van Vleck's mother, who wrote this to Pheniz. Nor does it appi*' 
that either Mr. Pheniz, or bis wife, has any spite or malice against Mr. Van Vleck tl 
all, so that we are more afraid than ever that he is guilty of that dreadful sin laid to fo$ 
charee. And then, as to his foolish and needless lying, which is a very scandalous slSi 
that IS sufficiently evident. Both which crimes are greatly aggravated by his drankiS' 
ness, besides swearing, and indecent light carriage ; all which, as we do g^reatly faantB^ 
so we really think in our consciences you are not to encourage such a person, u^ 
such grievous scandals, in the work of the holy ministry among you, but rather to bIq4 
and endeavour your supply otherways, by such Christian means as prudence may dirtcl 
you. And so, bidding you &reweU, and wishing you all grace and truth, we remsii 
jours in the Lord. — [litter Book,] 

* Memofandum. 

That on the d8th of May, 1713, Mr. George Gillespie was ordained and set i^att t 
the ministerial work by Messrs. Andrews, Anderson, and Morgan. That he prMtcfaed 
sermon the day before from GaL iv. ver. 4th, uid part of the 5th, and delivered his OB 
Mis on this question, viz. An Chriotuo pro omnwue et oingtdie eii morttttts, diseoveN 
his knowledge in the original tongues, answered to sundry questions on several plaM 
of Scripture, and other theological matters; all which wtf done to good acoepUnoo^ 
[Etttter Book*] 



PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 31 

was ofiered in his behalf with respect to his ordinatioii, &>c. that it was agreed 
to admit him as a member^ with adrice to him to procure further credentials 
from some eminent ministers in England known to some of the members of 
the Presbytery, within a year's time, and that till then it shall be free to him 
to exercise his ministry in all its parts where Providence shall call him, but 
not fully to setde as a fixed minister until the expiration of the said time. 

Adjourned to three o'clock, afternoon. 

P.M. 

A call from the people of Monokin and Wicomico to Mr. Robert Law- 
son, was presented to the Presbytery by James Caldwell, which being offered 
to Mr. Lawson by the moderator, he took it into consideration, with promise 
to give the people an answer as soon as the circumstances of his affairs would 
allow. 

The Presbytery received a letter from the Rev. Mr. Thomas Reyndds, 
wherein he obliges himself to advance thirty pounds for the year 1713, to be 
disposed of by the Presbytery. Appointed that a letter of dianks be writ to 
him by Mr. George McNish, and Mr; Robert Lawson» against the next 
sedentrU,* 

Received a letter from Mr. Wotherspoon, with his credentials enclosed, 
(which were well approved,) as also a letter from the people of Apoquinimy, 
requesting that he may be ordained and setded among them as their minister, 
the consideration of which is delayed till to-morrow. 

Mr. Andrews delivered his Presbyterial exercise, which was approved. 



Loudmt, December 94, 1713. 

* Reverend and dear Brethren, 

Having this opportunity by our good brother, Mr. Robert Lawson, I could not but 
aignify the concern I have for the interest of oar common Lord in your parts, and let 
you know, that if it will be of service to support one or more ministers to spread the gos- 
pel in those parts about you, where it may be most needful, I do, for my own part, en- 
gage for the year coming, to adTance thirty pounds, to be paid to any you shall appoint 
here in London to receive it, upon condition that I have first some timely advice of it by 
letter firom our Rev. Brother Mr. Lawson, the bearer hereof. And if in after years I 
may be in a capacity, I shall do what I can to serve you. I desire to hear from you as 
toon as may be, and should be glad to be an instrument of disappointing any that can 
encourage no expectation from us. Praying the Lord abundantly to prosper the great 
work in your hand, I am, in great sincerity, your Affectionate brother. 
^[Letter Book.] THOMAS REYNOLDS. 

The Presbytery heU at New Castle, Seffemher 17, 1713, to the Rev. Mr. Thomas Rey- 

nolds, in London. 
Reverend Sir, 

We received your letter dated December 34, 1713, per the Rev. Mr. Robert Law- 
flon, and after blessing God that any, especially of your character, regards us, the skirts 
cf Christ's Church in this American wiklemess, we applaud your generous and publio 
spirit, and make a return of our hearty and best wishes with the utmost gratitude, and 
so much the more, that though we have often addressed several of the reverend minis- 
ters of London, yon are the first and onlv one who hath taken notice of us by letter. 

Sir, your seasonable bounty fiir the relief of some weak congregations, unable of tbem- 
oelves to subsist at present in maintaining their own ministers, mkkes the eondnot of 
Divine Providence the more remarkable onto us. 

We shall be fkitUbl in a just application of the same according to your direction. 
Dear sir, give us leave homUy to request the continuance of your concern for us, and 
the interest of Christ in these parts ; and moreover that you use voor intere8t,«wliich we 
know to be great, with others for engaging their Christian Uberality in order to aid 
necessitous pteces; want of support to ministers, in many ccwners, being a mighty bar 
to the spreadmg of the gospel 

Oar Rev. Brothor, Mr. Robert Lawson, will advise how the money you so kindly pro- 

lise, shall be duposed o£ We humbly salute, dtc. and pray, ^eJ^LtHer B^ok.] 



33 MINUTES OF THE 

A letter from the people of Cohanzy, desiring advice about the ehoice of a 
minister, being presented to the Presbytery by Mr. Ephfaim Sayre, it war 
agreed, in answer to the said letter, that our Rev. Brodier, Mr. HoweD 
Powell, do officiate as minister of the gospel among them till the next P r e^ 
bytery or at his discretion. 

Adjourned till to-morrow, eight o'clock. 

17 day J Die Jov%$^ at eight o^dock. 

The business of Mr. Wotherspoon and the people of Apoquinimy caaie 
andn into consideration, upon which the Presbytery appointed as ^oww, 
Thai Masters Andrews, Anderson, Powell, Jones, and Gillespie, do manage 
in the affair between Mr. Wotherspoon and the people of Apoquimmy, mi 
after a formal call presented before them by the said people of Apoquinimy/ 
they, at their own discretion, appoint the said Mr. Wodierspoon to pass mf 
trials before them, and that if they shall be fully satisfied as to his quaiifica- 
ticms, they proceed to his ordination, and settlement among tfiat people. 

Appointed, That Mr. Andrews write a letter to Mr. Wotherspoon, and 
bring it in the next sederunt. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, afternoon. 

P. M. 

Mr. Andrews writ the letter to Mr. Wotherspoon according to appointment, 
and it was approved. 

Mr. McNish, Lawson, and Henry, writ an answer to Mr. Reynold's letter, 
which was approved. (See preceding note.) 

Upon the desire of the people of Welsh Tract, it was ordered, that Mr. 
David Evans reside and preach amongst them till the next Presbytery. 

Inquiry was made, according to a former appointment, of ministers and the 
people's representatives, concerning the mutual affairs between ministers and 
people, in their respective conCTCgations. 

Mr. Gillespie ordered to wnte a letter to the Synod of Glasgow.* 

Ordered, That Masters McNish, McGill, Henry, and Gillespie, apply the 
thirty pounds promised to this Presbytery by the Rev. Thomas Reynolds, of 
London, to what members of the Presbytery they think fit. 

Ordered, That Mr. Wotherspoon have a Presbyterial Exercise the next 
Presbytery upon Heb. i. 13. 

The next Presbytery appointed to be held at Philadelphia on the first Tues- 
day of September, 1714. 

At a Presbytery held at Philadelphia, which began 

September 7M, 1714. 
Where were present : 

Ministers: Mr. John Hampton, Mr. Jedediah Andrews, Mr. James Ander- 
son, Mr. Daniel McGill, Mr. George Gillespie, Mr. Howell PoweU, Mr. 
Robert Wotherspoon. 

Elders: Samuel Hopkins, Joseph Yard, Alexander Beal, Hugh Porter, 
Hans Hanson, Joseph Sealy, John Gardner, Segfrigus Alrickis. 

Mr. Andrews was chosen moderator, and Mr. Anderson clerk. 

Mr. Morgan's reasons for his absence last year, as also this year, were sus- 
tained. 

Mr. Davis, Henry, and McNish, absent. 



* Memorandum, 

That Mr. George Gilleepie writ the letter to the Synod of Gltwow ai wit ap. 
pointoiL— [Letler Itodb.] ^ — » ir 



PRESBYTERY OF PHILABBLPHIA. 33 

The jAair of Mr. Van Yleek^s tiuipeiision continued fior further efmnden/' 

a sadinqniiyt until next sedenmi. 

ThMttm of Mr. McNiih'e absence and preaching referredy to be conai* 

lad at next $edtruni. 

Hie affair of Mr. Howell Powell referred, to be considered at ^ next 

ienmi. 

The minutes relating to Mr. Robert Lawson's call to Monokin, contained 

the last year's proceedings, being read, it was found that he departed this 

I NoTember last year. 

It warii r^K>rted by the ministers appointed to transact the affair relating to 

r. Wotherspoon's ordination, that they in compliance with the last year's 

nntes, did solemnly by prayer, fasting, and imposition of hands, ordain the 

id Mr. Robert Wodierspoon, unto the sacred function and office of the mi- 

rtry» to the Presbyterian congregation at Apoquinimy, upon the 13th day of 

vf, 1714.* 

There has been no answer as yet from the Rev. Mr. Reynolds, conceming 

letter writ last year by this Presbytery to him. 

Mr. David Evans obeyed his appointment with respect to his residing and 
reaching at Welsh-Tract. 

Mr. Robert Wotherspoon having not provided his Presbyterial exercise sc- 
olding to appointment ; it was ordered that he should provide it against next 
ear's meeting, and that he preach a sermon upon Thursday next, here; and 
ttttthe moderator should Presbyterially admonish him to be more careful for 
ime cominf , which accordingly was done. 

The condition of several desolate places being represented by some mem- 
len, the consideration of it was referred to the next sederunt. 

After which the Presbytery was adjourned till to-morrow morning at 

Wednesday f 7br. 8/A, at o^dockf Ante M. sederunt ui wpra. 

The last minutes came to be read. 

The affair of Mr. Van Vleck was referred till to-morrow. 

Mr. McNish's affair also continued. 

The Presbytery having considered that their brother, Mr. Powell, had used 
Qifence to procure further credentials, according to the last yearns minutes, 
'Qtoot having as yet received answers from England, and we being further 
itisfied by so long trial and personal acquaintance, together with oUier con- 
iderable circumstances, and now an unanimous call bemg presented to us for 
im, from the people of Cohanzy, the Presbytery, after mature deliberation,. 
id sustain the call, but withal, recommended to him as formerly, that he pro- 
ure letters from England ut supra. 

Appointed that Mr. Hampton and Mr. McGill writo a letter to Mr. Thomas 
eynolds against to-morrow aAemoon. 

The Presbytery taking into consideration the desolate condition of the peo- 
e in Kent County, have appointed our brother, Mr. James Anderson, that 

Mtmorandum. 

It being a])poiiited the last Presbytery, that the ordination of Mr. Robert Wother- 
xm, should bo left to the discretion of di?erse ministers who are named in the minutes; 
I said members having heard him preach a popular sermon on Heb. vi. 19 ; receired 
txegt9iM on a question dt 9anctorum fer$tv€raniia^ taken on account of his skill in the 
|inal languages, and likewise his attamments and orthodoxy in theological matters, to 
ir satisfaction, did on the 13th day of May, 1714, set apart the said Mr. Wotherspoon 
io the work of the ministry. 



34 MINUTES OF THE 

he mipply them with preaching, &c^ one Sabbath in die month tiQ the next 
Presbytery, and &at tnere be a letter accordingiv writ to them by th0 moid' 
rator, aignifying the Presbytery's concern widi relation to them, and dial il kf 
brouffht in to*morrow. 
A&rwards adjourned till 3 o'clock, aflemoon. 

Post Meridiem^ 8 o'ehck, aedenmi ui atfMni, . 

The call from the people of Cohanzy being read and presented to Ifa^ 
Howell Powell by the moderator, was by him accepted ; whereupon the Fiei^ 
bytery appointed Mr. Jedediah Andrews to preach his admission semumy il 
the time that shall be agreed upon betwixt the people and him. 

The Presbytery taking into consideration the aesolate condition, and aW 
the desire of die people at Cedar Creek, have, in order to their being auppHed 
as much as at this juncture can be, appointed as follows : that Mr. Geoi^ 
Gillespie preach there the third Sabbath of October, Mr. Wotherspoon the tfairi 
Sabbath of November; and if Mr. Anderson can, he is desired to go upon Ihs 
third Sabbath of March; as also Mr. Hampton on the third Sabbath of June; 
Mr. Evans is appointed to go the third Sabbath of April; and Mr. Bradnerdie 
third Sabbath of May ; and Mr. John Henry on the diird Sabbath of July. 
And it is appointed that Mr. Davis preach the third Sabbath of February, m 
that he preach there at other times as often as he can. 

An unanimous call from the people of Welsh Tract to Mr. David EvaUbi 
being presented to us and approven, we offered it to him which he accepted; 
whereupon it was appointed as follows, viz : 

That Messrs. Jedediah Andrews, Jones, Anderson, Gillespie, and Wothe^ 
•poon, solemnly ordain him to the work and office of Uie ministry, after having 
been satisfied with his ministerial abilities, in any pieces of trial they shal 
think fit to appoint him. 

The supplication of the people of Cape May, with respect to Mr. Joha 
Bradner, preacher, being presented by David Wells, in the name of the rest 
of that people, was read, and the further consideration of that affair was refened 
until the next sederunt. 

Adjourned till to-morrow, d o'clock. 

Die JovU at 9 o^dock, sederunt ut svpra. 

The letter of the moderator to the people of Kent County, was read and 
approven. 

This day Mr. Davis and Henry came, and the reason of their absence until 
tills time was sustained. 

It is reported that Mr. Samuel Davis, Mr. Hampton, and Mr. Henry, having 
upon good and sufficient reasons taken Mr. Jno. Bradner under trials, in ordei 
to his being licenced to preach the gospel, and having gone through the ordi- 
nary pieces of trial, and being satisfied with him therein, as also with respect 
to tne orthodoxy of his faith, did license him accordingly in March last; vtrhicb 
was approven.^ 

The petition and call from the people of Cape May, with respect to Mr. 
Bradner, being now considered, and he having accepted of their call and peti- 
tion, it is appointed that Messrs. Davis, Andrews, Anderson, Powell, and 
Wotherspoon, take the said Mr. Bradner under trials in order to his being 
ordained in that place, and that they proceed in the aforesaid affair as they 
•hall see fit. 

Adjourned till 8 oVlock, afternoon. 



PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. ^ 

V. M. 8 o'doekf sedenmi ut mxpra. 

letter appointed to be writ to Mr* Reynolds by Mr. Hampton and 
Vwas read and approven.* 

Rev. Mr. Malacni Jones, having offered himself to be a member of 
ssbytery, the Presb^ry taking his affair into consideration, and being 
ell satisfied as to his ordination and other qualifications, did heartily 
3f his offer and accordingly admitted him. 

« being diverse people in the Great Valley with whom Mr. David 
has been concerned, it was queried whether said people should be 
upon as a part of the church and congregation of the Welsh-Tract, or 
ct body by themselves, and it was carried by the Presbytery that they 
smed a distinct society. 

iry was made according to a former appointment, of the ministers and 
»ple'8 representatives, concerning their mutual affairs, betwixt ministers 
>ple in tiieir respective congregations. 

McNish, his Presbyterial exercise is appointed to be delivered the next 
le reason of his absence now not being known to tiie Presbytery. 
»umed till to-morrow, 7 o'clock. 

At 7 0* clocks A. M. sederunt ut supra. 

the better establishing and settling congregations, it is ordered and ap- 
I, that in every congregation there be a sufficient number of assistants 
, to aid the minister in the management of congregational affairs, and 
sre be a book of records for that effect, and that the same be annually 
t here to be revised by the Presbytery. 

business of Mr. Paul Van Vleck being come again under consideration, 
termined that the censure of suspension which he already lies under, 

continue ; and that Mr. Andrews and Mr. McNish make further in- 



[r. Thomas Reynolds, Minister in London. 

76r. lOlA, 1714. 
rend Sir: 

3 hope that yoaVe received oar former letter, in which according to duty, we 
irn yon our hearty thanks for that Christian and charitable spirit which had dis- 
itself in you, and your zeal in order to the support of the gospel among us; and 
amc time wc intimated to you how we had applied, in the most charitable manner, 
»ncy which yon had dedicated to the support of God s works in these parts, namely, 
nds sterling for Philadelphia, ten for New Castle, and ten for our dear and now 
d brother, Mr. Robert Lawson. As also we earnestly intimated the continuaace 
tame favour for the same purposes. But neither we nor tho gentlemen concerned 
ccived, as yet, any answer from you. If it shall suit with your pleasure and con- 
«, to continue the same favour, as your former was applied according to our dis- 
0ear Brother, there is the same prospect of advancing God*8 work in these parts 
vorld, several applications being made to us for supply; but we being so few in 
', places being so &r distant, and we having no ministers among us but pastors of 
rations, and not being in a capacity to maintain any itinerant preachers, who might 
ful in order to the propagation of the gospel ; we must with great concern inti- 
Qto you, that notwithstanding of all that possibly we can do, the work of the Lord 
ifier. VVe hope you will consider and improve what we have narrated concern- 
present circumstances, and shall expect to hear from vou the first opportunity, 
ihall be very satisfying to, Reverend Sir, your fellow labourers in the work of the 
of Christ. 
Dear Sir : We judge it also worthy of your consideration, that in the province of 
Ivania and territories, and also in the Jerseys, there is no conformable ministry 
og to the Church of England established, and therefore you may easily perceive, 
is is the proper season for advancing the gospel in the truth and purity. Yours, 
a. 

2d. Mr. McNish, per order from us, wrote you upon the premises last fiJL-* 
Book] 



35 - BONUTBS OPTHB 



quiry concerning Us cimiinstanoefl and condition, by writing to Holkad or 
otherwise, and make report the next Presbytery. • 

The reasons of Mr. McNish, his absence until this iedenmif were hemi 
and sustained. 

Mr. Samuel Davis having not delivered his Presbyterial exerdse foniMify 
q>pointed him on Heb. i. 4, it is ordered that he have it next year. 

jlie place appointed for the next Presbytery is New Castle, and to behdd 
on the uiird Tuesday of September, in the year 1^15. 

And so afterwards the Presbytery was dissolved. 

At a Presbytery held at New Castle, 

Sqitember 20IA, 1715. 

Ministers present: Mr. Jedediah Andrews, Mr. George McNish, Ife 
John Hampton, Mr. James Anderson, Mr. Daniel McGill, Mr. Howell 
ell, Mr. George Gillespie, Mr. Robert Wotherspoon, Mr. Malachi Jones, 
David Evans, Mr. John Bradner. 

Elders present: Nathaniel Hopkins, Joseph Yard, Sylvester Gbibni 
llVilliam Scott, James Alexander, Ephraim Sayer, Thomas Heywood, Jdn 
Parsons, Evan Rowland.. 

Mr. Hampton was chosen moderator, and Mr. Evans, clerk. 

Ordered, That the last years' minutes be read over. 

Messrs. Davis, Henry, and Morgan, were absent. 

Mr. Wotherspoon delivered his Presbyterial exercise according to appoini' 
ment, and it was approved of. 

It being appointed by the last Presbytery, that Mr. Howell Powell shoutf 
get further credentials from England, the Presbytery is now satisfied in tiul 
matter. 

Our brother, Mr. Anderson, hath supplied the people of Kent County a»' 
cording to appointment. 

Mr. Andrews preached Mr. Powell's admission sermon the fifteenth day of 
October last, according to appointment. 

The supplies that were appointed for the people of Cedar Creek by the 
last Presbytery, were complied with. 

The ministers appointed last year to ordain Mr. David Evans, did upon tbs 
third day of November last, by fasting, prayer, and imposition of hands, so- 
lemnly set him apart to the work of the ministry among the people of Welsh 
Tract, having been satisfied with his ministerial qualifications.* 

The Rev. Mr. Andrews, Powell, and Evans, with the approbation of fl* 
other ministers mentioned in the last years' minutes, bavin? taken an account 
of Mr. John Bradner's ministerial qualifications to tlieir satisfaction, did upon 
the 6th day of May last, by fasting, prayer, and imposition of hands, so* 
lemnly set apart the said Mr. Bradner, to ttie work of the ministry among the 
people of Cape May.t 

* Memorandum. 

It being appointed the last Presbytery, that the ordination of Mr. David Evans ahoold 
be left to the discretion of diverse ministers mentioned in the minutes; the said mem- 
bers having heard him preach a popular sermon on Romans iii. 31, received his tx9g§m$ 
on a question dt necetsitate speeialis spiritvs saneli operationis ad convertionem, taken 
an account of his skill in the original languages, and likewise of his attainments and 
orthodoxy in theological matters, to their satisraction, did on the third day of NovembeTi 
1714, ordain the said Mr. Evans to the work of the ministry. — [Letter Book,] 

t Memorandum. 

It being appointed the last Presbytery that the ordination of Mr. John Bradner ■hooM 
be left to the discretion and management of sundry minbtcis mentioned in the book of 



PRESBYTERY OF FHILAIXELPHIA. 37 

The iffiur of Mr. Reynolds hii letter referred to next seitnmi. 
The iBqnirvdwut matters between ministers and people, and se8sion4>ooks, 
l o i uin edtill afterwards. 

Tlie affair of Mr. Van Vleck referred till next sederuni. 

A^^oomed till to-morrowy eight o'clock. 

21 doj/j Wednesday^ seanone 2da* aederunt lU wpra. 

The minnte concerning Mr. Reynolds his affair, continued till the next 
uienmi, 

Mr. Van Vleck's affair also continued till the next sederunt. 
Mr. James Gordon having presented a call from the people of Baltimore 
ooimty, in Maryland, unto Mr. Hugh Conn, the Presbytery called for, con- 
sidered, and approved the said Mr. Conn's credentials as a preacher of the 
fospel, and likewise considered and approved the call, which being presented 
Of the moderator unto the said Mr. Conn, he accepted of it, whereupon it 
was appointed that Mr. McGill, Anderson, Gillespie, Wotherspoon, and 
EviQs, after being satisfied with his ministerial abilities, should solemnly by 
pn]rer, fasting, and imposition of hands, ordain him unto the work of the 
ministry among the abovesaid people, the third Thursday of October next 

Mr. Philip Ringo having presented a call from the people of Maidenhead 
and Hopewell, in West Jersey, unto Mr. Robert Orr, the Presbytery called 
for, considered of, and approved the said Mr. Orr his credentials as a preacher 
of the gospel, and likewise considered of, and approved the call, which being 
presented by the moderator unto the said Mr. Orr, he accepted of it, where- 
vpoa it was appointed that Mr. Andrews, Powell, McNish, Jones, and Mor- 
tal, afler having been satisfied with the said Mr. Orr his ministerial abilities, 
•hoold solemnly ordain him by fasting, prayer, and imposition of hands, unto 
the work of the ministry among the said people of Hopewell and Maiden- 
iKtd, on the third Wednesday of October next. 
Adjourned till three o'clock, afternoon. 

Post Meridiem^ three o'clock. Post preces sederunt ut supra. 

Ordered, That Mr. Andrews and Mr. McGill write to the Rev. Mr. Tho- 
Bu Reynolds, of London, to maintain the correspondence that hath been 
between the Presbytery and him.* 

tmatea; two of the said number, viz^ Mr. Andrews and Mr. Powell, in conjunction 
vith Mr. David Evans, and with the approbation of the rest of the ministers concerned, 
vnt to Cape May on that errand. And they having heard the said Mr. Bradner preach 
a Mpalar sermon from Phil iL 12, 13, received his exegent^ De materia Justi/ieaHonU, 
wun an accomit of his skill in the original tongues, and also of his attainments and 
mthodoxf in Divinity to their satisfaction, did on the sixth day of May, 1715, ordain the 
nid Mr. Bradner to the work of the ministry. 

Mr. Andrews preached the admission sermon of Mr. Powell at Cohanxy. —[Letter 
Baek,] 

* To Mr. Thomas Reynolds, in London. 

September 23, 1715. 
Reverend Sir, 

We thought fit at this our anniversary, (as we did likewise last year,) to transmit a 
finr fines expressive of our desire, that a correspondence, which you were pleased to be- 
pB bjr joor kind letter the year before last, may be continued and strengthened, and as 
liertificatioD of our thankfulness that a person of your character, (when so many have, 
Is c«r frequent disappointment neglected us,) should not only refresh us with your let- 
l«, bot also show your Christian desire for the success of the gospel in these parts, by a 
I offur of your help for its support, which to oar satimction we hear has been 
4 



38 msuTESowTS^ 

Mr. Andrtws and Mr. McNish made report concmiiiiff Van Vledi, that 
1m it ran but of Ifae oonntry, and that they, having writ to Holland accoidliig 
to appointment, had not yet received any answer. 

Mr. McNiah deUvered lua Preabyterial exerciae, and was appiOTmi. 

Mr. Samuel Gdaton presented credentials of his being liecnuMd to fWKh 
the gospel, which were considered and approved, and he was appointed M 
preach the next day. 

A letter being presented by Mr. McNish from Mr. John Thomson, proba- 
tioner, lately come into the country, desiring the advice and assistance of the 
Presbytery, it was ordered that Mr. Powell write a letter to him in answer 
to his. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock next day. 

22 da/. Thurtday^ eight o'clock^ sederunt ut n^nu . 

Mr. Powell writ the leiur to Mr. Thomson according to appointment, aad 
it was approved. 

Mr. Davis hb letter was read, and the reasons for his and Mr. Heniy^ 
absence were considered and sustained. 

A motion beingmade by the people of Lewistown concerning their beiii| 
supplied with anolier minister besides Mr. Davis, the Presbytery taking ii# 
consideration the state of that people, and their said desire to have a minirter 
to officiate statedly among them, and that Mr. Davis has had no pastoral idl^ 
lion in particular to that people; and considering also, that the present condi' 
tion and posture of Mr. Davis his affairs will not allow of his bein^ a fixed^ 
stated pastor to the said people, and the said Davis his willingness that ihflttf 
may be a minister provided, (as some of our members have signified to jomA 
the Presbytery dotn, therefore, appoint that Mr. Andrews, Hampton, ai^ 
Anderson, wnte to Mr. Davis, and the people of Lewis, signifying that the 
Presbytery approves their desire, and will take care to have them supplied 
with a minister as soon as they can. 

Ordered, That Mr. Andrews, McNish, and Gillespie, write a letter to the 
people of Patuxent, in relation to the present posture of their affairs there. 

Inquiry was made concerning the respective affairs between ministers and 
their congregations, as usual. 

Adjourned till three oVlock, afternoon. 

complied withaL And it*8 no small comfort to us, that Mr. Hugh Ckmn gives inibmittia 
of yoar willinffness to continue your bounty for the use abovesaid, which as it womld bi 
very acceptable, so it*s no loss necessary than heretofore. As we accept your Cbristitt 
bounty in good part, and value it as a mark of our common Lord's goodness and can li 
the support of his servants in narrow circumstances among us, so we crave leave to In| 
your pious concern for our common interest, in moving your public spirited friSDds n 
go into the same good design for supporting our ministers, (that is, those among us, wkc 
without some help besides what their own poor congregations are able to give, m 
straitened,) by some annual gratuity. And we can truly assure you, that your fonia 
kindness was applied, as near as we could apprehend, according to your intention In fcfr 
stowinfr it. The reason of our expressing ourselves afler this manner, is from an ia 
formation as though you had some particular regard to the Jersies, which, •• w 
were altogether unsensible of, so we are well satisfied, if there were any such thing, i 
proceeded from your not being fully acquainted with the condition of these prorincsi 
We are much concerned that we received no return in answer to our last, thovgh w 
have ground to think that it*s not from your forgetliilness of us, but the miscarriafe « 
your letters, Mr. Conn having acquainted us that he had letters for some of us, and M 
them for conveyance, but Uiey are not yet arrived, and we fear are now quite loll 
which makes us the more desirous of hearing from you by the first opportunity. W 
salute yon heartily in the Lord, &.C.— [Let<«r Book.] 



PRESBYTKRT OF Finf.APKf.PmA, 39 

Mt. AedrewBy Hampton, and Andenon, writ the letter to Mr. Dans and 
the pec^ of Lewis, and it was approved** 

la pmaanee of an act made last Presbytery appointing every minister to 
sppent Bsniiitrints and aeasion book, ^. and in regard divene of the minielen 
Ittve not complied with the designs of said act, it was therefore ordered, that 
^. several ministers come with said books, and perform the other end of the 
eaid act as it is specified therein. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock the next day. 

23 day. Die veneriB, post precea^ aederuni ui supra. 

The Rev. Mr. Samuel Pumry, minister at Newtown, on Long Island, offer- 
ed himself to be a member of this Presbytery, and was heartily and unani- 
mously accepted, he promising subjection to the Presbytery, in Uie Lord. 

The VwA%j\iaj taking into consideration that the people of Woodbridge 
have not ^ sealing ordinances administered among them, from hearty con- 
cern for that people, (who have been their care formerly,) did appoint Mr. 
Andrews to write pressingly to the said people, that they use utmost diligent 
to have a minister ordained to labour and officiate statedly among them, that 
the great want they are in of the ordinances may be speedily supplied. 

It is appointed that Mr. Andrews write to Mr. Pierson to the effect above- 
ttid, ana report to the next Presbytery. 
^ The Presbyter}' taking into their consideration the desolate condition of the 
peofde of Kent county, and their desire to be supplied, appointed Mr. Samuel 
Gdston to supply them upon trial, with the advice of the neighbouring 
ainiflters. 
The letter to the people of Patuxent was read and approven.t 



* To Mr. Davia, and others, at Lewif. 

September 22, 1715. 
Dear Brother Davia, and Christian firiends at Lewis, 

Having taken into oar serioos consideration the present condition with rcspoct to a 

htter establishment of the gospel in your parts, we came to the following determina- 

tioQi; that there never having yet been a pastoral relation betwixt you, nor likely to be, 

Movding to our best apprehension, we have judged it best for the glory of God, and 

jnr fhture oomibrts, to leave you each to your choice, to provide yourselves as you can 

fir your spiritttal interests, and the increase of Christ*s kingdom. Not doubting but in 

tb mean time you will maintain a Christian correspondence, and be mutually as com- 

firtiUe to one another as your circumstances will allow. Our Brother Davis by preach- 

isg, when at home, and until another supply be found, and our Christian friends by 

thukfally acknowledging the some. And as to a settled ministry, there is one Mr. 

Iliompeaa now arrived at York, with his wife and family, concerning whom Mr. Mc- 

Sish will, in a little time, give you further advice. And in case this should foil, we re- 

eommend yoa to your neighbouring ministers for advice. Recommending you to tlic 

tord, and the word of his grace, we remain yours, dec. — [Letter BwA.] 

t To oor ChrisUan Friends at (Patuzent or) Marlborough, Maryland. 

September 23, 1715. 
Chrirtian Friends, 
Among other valuable friends who justly demand our concern for their best in- 
tBeste, we were very willing to remember you, and the weighty matters that belonp^ to 
«r oooimon Lord and Saviour in your congregation. We cannot but represent it to 
jao, ae a thing which ourselves have had much comfort in hearing from our brother 
aid jour reverend pastor, that when, (as is our practice,) he was interrogate touchin|f 
Ike manner of his people's deportment towards him in bis pastoral office, be made his 
imwer wholly to tneir advantage, and with a pleasing earnestness to commend them, as 
e it apparent to us he had good caoae for what he spoke. Notwithstanding we can- 
but sipiiQr to our good friends, how sensibly some things among you affect os. The 



40 MINUTES OF THE 

Appointed, That Mr. GOlespie and Mr. McGill preach the PreflbylBial 
exerciaea next year. Mr. Gillespie from Ter. 14, of Heb. i«, and Mr. MeQil 
from Heb. ii. ver. 1. 

It IB appointed that it be recommended to all and every member of diii 
Presbytery, that betwixt this and our next meeting they may think of, lad 
propare, what they may judge most necessary to be presented to our PmbjF* 
tery for the common or particular good of all or any of us. 

Appointed, That the next Presbytery be held at Philadelphia upoa dw 
thira Tuesday of September, 1716. 

At a Presbytery held at Philadelphia, 

September 18/A, 1716. Post precet tedertm/, 

Mr. Hampton moderator, Mr. Andrews, Mr. McNish, Mr. John HeniJ, 
Mr. James Anderson, Mr. George Gillespie, Mr. Pumry, Mr. Orr, ministeiii 

John Dredden, David Giffin, John Steel, Enoch Anderson, elders. 

Absent ministers, Masters McGiU, Powell, Bradner, Jones, Conn, Wotber 
spoon, Evans, Morgan, and Davis, and their elders. 
* Mr. McNish was chosen moderator, and Mr. Anderson clerk. 

Mr. Edmundson being present as a representative of the congregation of 
Patuxent, and their minister absent, it was put to the vote, whedier the said 
Mr. Edmundson should act here as a representative notwithstanding the minis* 
ter's absence, and carried in the affirmative, nemine contradicente. 

The last year's minutes were ordered to be read. 

Mr. Morgan's absence the last and this year referred to the next Miderunit 
to be considered. 



lore we bear to our common Lord*B intercBt amon^ you gives us great uneasiiMa tA 
hearing any of Satan*s devices threatening your gospel peace, and Uie mutual lore tliP 
followers of Christ are strictly bound to cultivate among themselves. We pray the God 
of aU grace to recover what of the sweet fruits of this is lost, or in danger to bo kit 
among you, and that you may bo one in the Lord, and one among yourselves \n lh9 
•pirit or true holiness, meekness, truth, love, and mutual forbearance. If these tiuo|* 
be your study, who can doubt but the Lord will make them vour happy attaiomeiitr 
We recommend to you, and expect your ready compliance with a few proposals, whMk 
we hope will be taken with the same loving mind as they are written, and it is in your 
power to make them helpful to your present condition. We heartily recommend it yoa, 
that you watch against all attempts of Satan to infringe your Christian harmooy and 
union, which is your beauty and strength. Now God has given you an uncommon se^ 
MO, and advantage for bearing testimony to his interest among you, how much yoa low 
him and it ; if there are temptations in your way, to maintain union, the blessings w31 
be 80 great and universal that you cannot over-do in all Christian methods to pretern 
it. Herein appear for God, and for the house of God, which ye know is not divided 
against itself, neither should the children of the same God against one another. Satan^ 
policy and malice has appeared in his attempts to divide you, but it will no Ices ibow 
you are the children of the God of peace and love, when you break through his snarei 
to maintain your union, and concentre in gospel peace and love among yourselves. Far* 
ticnlarly we recommend to you that with firmness and godly resolution you oppose your* 
selves to all dividing measures. We apprehend that the disproportion between the nam- 
her of your elders and deacons, may occasion some uneasiness in your session, but how 
you will find it no hard matter to prevent any ill consequence in this. We need only 
represent unto you the ends and institution of Scripture deacons, and that there is ao 
juridical power allowed them in the Scripture. Wo recommend earnestly to yoa a 
Christian regard to our worthy brother your pastor, and that you encourage, honov, 
and obey him in the Lord, that his labours, as they are for his people, so they may tun 
to yoar and liis account in the day of the Lord. Lastly, we expect your acquieaoenee 
in oar last year's act, touching sessions and session books, which we presume yon kaow 
to be agreeable to the laudable practice of the best reformed churches. This letter has 
been judged needfbJ, according to the representation made as by your meesenger, Mr. 
Scott Thus recommending yoa to glorioos grace, we rest, &o. — [htUer BotL] 



OF PHILADELPHIA. 4J[ 

ifi ftppointment with reBpect to Mr. Coon'fl ordination was fulfilled, and 
Wotherspoon and Mr. Evans being absent, the inquiry into die reasons 
af was referred till next sederunt. 

U Orr was ordained at Maidenhead, according to appointment, only 
BB McNish, Jones, and Powell were absent, the reasons whereof were 

and sustained; and in the room of those, three other ministers assisted.* 
etter from the people of Patuxent being read, the further consideration 
if referred till anotiier sederunL 

er the reading of Mr. Andrews his letters, which by the last Presbytery 
ts appointed to write to the people of Woodbridge and Mr. Pierson, 
resbytery were well satisfied with them both, 
etter from Mr. Pierson to be communicated to the Presbytery in answer 

letter sent to him by Mr. Andrews was read, and the fuller considera- 
f it referred till next sederunt. 

. Gelston's supply of Kent county, the consideration of it referred till 
rank. 

e appointment made last year about bringing in overtures to the next 
ytery referred till ,afterwards. 
joumed till to-morrow at eight o'clock. 

Wednesday , eight o'clock, post preces sederunt, ^c. 
8terday*s minutes ordered to be read. 

. McNish's reasons for not bringing an elder or representative with hira, 
heard and sustained. 

. Henry^s representative of the congregation being absent, and his rea* 
for not coming being inquired into, ne said the present condition of his 
6 made it necessary that there should be a particular collection made by 
>nigregation for defraying the charges of the representative to thgJPres- 
y, and it was allowed that there should. 

le reasons of Mr. Pumry*s elder*s absence were inquired into and sus- 
1. 

'• McGiU*s absence excused on account of his sickness. 
*. Jones being absent yesterday, did this day give the reasons of his ab* 
, which were sustained. 

'. Wotherspoon's reasons of his absence this Presbytery, given by letter, 
mistained. 

*. Evans his absence yesterday being inquired into, he acknowledged he 
»lameable for not coming sooner. 

% Morgan's absence this and several years by-past being inquired into, it 
lesolved, that a letter should be writ, mformin^ him that if he comes not, 
snds sufficient reasons against next year, we shall take it for granted that 
altogether deserted us. The letter to be writ by Mr. Andrews. 
Ijoumed till after sermon. 

^fter sermon, sederunt^ &e. 
r. Gillespie's Presbyterial exercise was animadverted upon and i^- 
»d. 



Ir. Robert Orr having perfonned thoBo points of trial assigned him to satisfkctioo, 
ly, preached a popoUr sermon from James ii. 24, and given an exegesis on that 
iou, AnfoeduM eireumcUione $ignatum, afoedere Evangelieo eMterUiatUer djjferat? 
iho answered to various interlocutory questions touchmg theological matters, and 
m meinien of hb attainments in other ports of looming to gomi approbation, he 
lid Mr. Orr, was, on the dOth day of October, 1715, solemiUv set apoit to the work 
» aiiiislry, 1^ Maslen Andrewfl^ Morgan, Dic.kinson, EJvans, and firadner, at 
Mihsad. baftra a muBeroai aaiemfaly.-^£Bttcr Hooi;.] 
4» 



^ MINUTES OF THE 

The reaaoDf of Mr. Wotherspoon'i abaeoce from Mr. Coim'i ordinmtioiiaiid 
thai PvMbytery« were by letter given and Buatnined. 

Bir« Evanf , hie abaenoe from Mr. Conn's ordination, was ill taken by tha 
Pieal^rlery. 

The letter fiom the i>eople of Patuzent, in answer to one from us last yem^ 
was read the second time to our great satisfaction. 

The consideration of Mr. Pierson^s letter, referred till we hear firam the 
peopLs of Woodbridge. 

The Presbytery having taken into their serious consideration, the affiur of 
Bfr# Gelston, in relation to the people of Kent, have found ground to, and did 
<!«nsure his not goin^ back to the people of Kent, according to his promise U 
them. As for all his other conduct among that people, they themselves is 
their letter to us commend him. 

Adjourned till to-morrow 9 o^clock, in the morning. 

TTiurtdcn/t at 9 o^clock, sederunt^ Ac. 

The affair of Kent being taken into the Presbytery's consideration, from a 
Christian sense of the want of the ordinances among them, at present have, 
for their encouragement, appointed Mr. Davis, Gillespie, Wotherspooo* 
and Evans, to preach in the county of Kent each once betwixt this and the 
next Presbytery ; that is to say Mr. Gillespie on the third Sabbath of Oeto* 
her, Mr. Wotherspoon the third Sabbath of April, Mr. Davis the third Sidh 
bath of June, Mr. Evans the third Sabbath of May. And it is likewise 
ordered, that Mr. Anderson do preach to the said people at Kent once in eveiy 
month till the next Presbytery, provided he find suitable encouragement 
Appointed also, that a letter be writ to the people of Cedar^Creek and Kent 
in answer to theirs, by Mr. Andrews and Mr. Hampton. 

A call from the people of South-Hampton, on Long-Island, to Mr. Gelston* 
wherein the said people do subject themselves to us in the Lord, as a Pres* 
b3rtery being presented to us m the name of their representatives, we did 
tender it to the said Mr. Gelston, and he accepted it Upon which the Pres* 
bytery, understanding that our brethren. Masters McNish and Pumry lud 
prescribed him a popular sermon on John xiv. 6, and an exegesii, JOte Bbtro 
arbilriOf to be delivered this Presbytery, if the Presbytery thought fit, as a 
part of trial in order to ordination, did appoint him to deliver the popular se^ 
mon to-morrow. 

The business of bringing in overtures to the Presbytery, referred to another 
iederwU. 

A call from the people in and about Lewis-Town, to Mr. John Thomson, 
being by William Shankland, commissioner from the said people, laid before 
us and read, and he being himself absent by reason of sickness ; but having in 
a letter to us signified his willingness to submit to what the Presbytery should 
think expedient for that people and his own good, did appoint that the said call 
be tendered to Mr. Thomson by Mr. Hampton, and upon his acceptance, tl^ 
Plesbytery does appomt Masters Davis, Hampton, Henry, Wotherspoon, An- 
derson, Gillespie, Evans, and Bradner, to take his trials, and upon their satis- 
faction to proceed to ordination upon the first Wednesday of April next; and 
that the ordination sermon be preached by Mr. Henry, or in his absence by 
Mr Hampton. 

Adjourned till 3 o'clock. 

Jit 3 o'clock^ aedenmt ttt supra. - 

Mr. Powell's absence sustained on account of his sickness, which he stg- 
nifled to us by his letter. \ • 



PRESinrTERy of PmLADELPHIA. 43 

The affair of Woodbridge coming into oonsideration, the Presbytery or- 
lend that Mr. McNiah aini Mr. P^mry should fully discourse Mr. Pierson 
people there, concerning the causes of his non^rdination among ihem, 
to do their best for removing any obstacle that may at present hinder his 
i; and if the Divine Providence shell thereby happily remove all 
ibslnietions, that then Mr. McNish and Mr. Pumry shall represent the same 
■la Mr. Andrews and other neighbouring ministers of the Presbytery; and 
ka Pkeabytery does appoint, that in case all the said obstructions be fairly 
aMMWiili upon the request of the people, with the concurrence of Mr. Pierson, 
hat-tken the said people do apply to Mr. Andrews, Mr. Jones, Mr. Orr, Mr. 
hnuyv Mr. Powell, and Mr. Bradner, for the ordination of the said Mr. Pier- 
m among them, and that they ordain him, as they shall upon trial find satis- 
hetioa, and do appoint that the ordination sermon be preached by Mr. An- 
bewa or Mr. Powell, as they shall agree. 

Inquiry was made according to a former appointment of the ministers and 
iM people's representatives, concerning their mutual affairs betwixt ministers 
md people in their respective congregations. 

Adjourned till half an hour after eight in the morning. 

DU veneris at half an hour after eight o*clockj sederunt ut sttpra. 

A letter from Mr. Davis came this day to us, wherein he gave reasons for 
Us absence at this Presbytery, which were sustained. 

This day a letter from the people of Woodbridge was read and considered. 
Tlie Presbytery are very weU satisfied with the proposals made to Mr. Pier- 
anfinrhia settlement among them, and do judge if Mr. Pierson make any 
sbr or higher demands upon that people, his demands shall be accounted 
vneaoname, and the people are not to be blamed for refusing them. And 
a Aat eaae it is recommended to the people, that they look out for another 
■iaistar.* 
' Adjoomed till 3 o*clock, afternoon. 

^t 3 o^clockt sederunt ut supra. 

Ifr. Oelaton's popular sermon was delivered, and afler remarks thereupon, 
it WIS pat to the vote, whether it should be accepted of as a part of his triajs 
feroidmatumv which was carried in the affirmative. 

b having pleased Divine Providence so to increase our number, as that, 
lAor much deliberation, we judge it may be more serviceable to the interest of 
ni%ion, to divide ourselves into subordinate meetings or Presbyteries, consti- 
tmg one annually as a synod, to meet at Philadelphia or elsewhere, to con- 
«t of all the members of each subordinate Presbytery or meeting for this year 
H leaat: Therefore it is agreed by the Presbytery, after serious deliberation, 
that die first subordinate meeting or Presbytery, to meet at Philadelphia or 
elanrhere, as they shall see fit, do consist of these following members, viz : 
Hasten Andrews, Jones, Powell, Orr, Bradner, and Morgan. And the se- 
eonl to meet at New Castle or elsewhere, as they shall see fit, to consist of 
ftoaev vix: Masters Anderson, McGill, Gillespie, Wotherspoon, Evans, and 



Mr. John Piermk hajrinf perfivmed these points of trial usi^ed him, viz : preached 
i popokr sermon from Tit lii. 8. DeUvered an exegeni on that question, an just^a- 
lb mmtrm sU mi mttrw out in tempore praetUa, answered to many questions touching 
Ibnlminal mattart, and also diseovered his skill in the original languages ; all which 
hbg done to aatis&ctian, the said Mr. Pierson was ordained and set apart to the work 
Ma BiaiBtry al Woodbtidge, on the 99th day of April, 1717, by Masters Andrews, 
NMbBv Mofffan, Orr* and Dtokeason, before a very great issembly. 



44 MINUTES OF THE PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 

Conn. The third to meet at Snow-Hilll or elsewhere, to consist of these, ^iz : 
Masters Davis, Hampton, and Henry. And in consideration that only our 
brethren Mr. McNisli and Mr. Pumry, are of our number upon Long-Island 
at present, we earnestly recommend it to them to use their best endeavours 
with the neighbouring brethren tliat are setded there, which as yet join not 
with us, to join with them in erecting a fourth Presbytery. And as to the 
time of the meeting of the respective Presbyteries, it is ordered that that be 
left to their own discretion. 

Ordered, That a book be kept by each of the said Presbyteries, containiimf 
a record of their proceedings, and that the said book be brought every year to 
our anniversary Synod to be revised. 

It is appointed by this Presbytery, that the affair of Mr. Pumry, with rela- 
tion to his people of Newton, on Long-Island, come under the consideration 
of the first Presbyterial meeting that shall be upon the said Long-Island ; and 
if there shall not be such a meeting or Presbytery in some reasonable time, 
and if the said Mr. Pumry have not his grievances redressed, that then it bi 
left to Mr. McNish and himself to determine as prudence shall direct, and bi 
accountable to our next general meeting or Synod. 

With respect to session-books, mentioned in our last year's minutes, it ii 
ordered, that they be brought into and revised by the respective Presbyteries, 
to which they shall after this time, according to our preceding appointmenti 
belong. 

Adjourned till 8 o'clock, in the morning. . 

•4/ 8 o^clockt sederunt ut supra. 

Our next meeting being appointed as a Synod, it is ordered that the present 
moderator open the same by preaching; and that the Moderator of the last 
Synod open the next by preaching always for the time coming upon the fuit 
Tuesday of our meeting, at 10 o'clock. 

That the matter of Mr. Gelston's further trial and ordination, be entiidy 
referred to Mr. McNish and Pumry, with what brethren they can there engage 
to join with them Presbyterially on Long-Island. 

Ordered, That the business of further overtures be continued, to be brought 
in to our next annual Synod. 

Appointed that the first meeting of our said Synod be at Philadelphia, OD 
the tfiinl Tuesday of September, in the year 1717. 

Adjourned till the thinl Tuesday of September, in the year 1717. 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS- 



NonnrBBTANDiNO the peculiar difficulties with which this early Presbytery 
kid 10 contend, and to which allusion is made in their records and correspon- 
faee, it receired an annual accession to its numbers, and the growth of the 
k&nt Church became each year more promising. It will be perceived that 
It their meeting in September, 1710, the Presbytery had become so much 
nhiged, that it was resolved to divide it into four subordinate judicatories, or 
PMyteries, which should be constituent members of an annual Synod, 
which assumed the name of the Synod of Philadelphia. This measure seem- 
id to be dictated as well by convenience, as by a regard to the general interests 
if die Church, since it must have been almost impracticable, when the fadli- 
inlbrtnyening were few, and the stipends of the ministerial members were 
QMediogly limited, to assemble them from several different provinces, as fre- 
VOidy M the interests of the Church might require. 

The records of these subordinate judicatories, after the organization of the 

fat Synod, although highly important and interesting in themselves, do not 

turn any part of this work.* The affairs of the Church were successfully 

■d happily managed, under the control of the Synod of Philadelphia, until 

fa rise of those differences, which in the year 1741, resulted in an extensive 

wi nnhappy schism. The cause of these dissensions was not diversity of 

MMiment on any. of the cardinal doctrines of the gospel, for both parties 

diise adhered, in good faith, to the Westminster Confession and Catechisms ; 

hit a difference of opinion on measures, which while one party regarded as 

Biterial to the progress of true religion, tlie other condemned as dangerous 

iuiOTations. The history of the schism may be traced in the records which 

Mbw. These consist of the records of the Synod of Philadelphia from the 

year 1717 to 1758, including the period of the schism, and extending to the 

Jtu in which it was healed by a re-union of the parties ; and also of the 

Sjnod of New York, which grew out of the schism, from the year 1745 to 

1768. In the year 1758, the Synods of Philadelphia and New York were 

onitedt and constituted the supreme judicatory of the Presbyterian Church, 

bom that period, until the year 1789, when the General Assembly was orga- 



* If the respective Pretbyteriee BhouUl undertake their pabUcation, they would form a 
filoable eontribgtioo to oar eccleuastical history. 



46 



PART SECOND. 



THE MINUTES OF THE SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA, 

FROM A. D. 1717 TO 1758. 



At a Synod held at Philadelphia, which began 

September 17//i, 1717. Post precea Mederuntt 

Ministers : Messrs. George McNish, moderator, Jedidiah Andrews, Jamn 
Anderson, George Gillespie, Robert Wotherspoon, Malachi Jones, JhM. 
Evans, Samuel Pumry, Jolm Bradner, Robert Orr, John Thomson, Jobft, 
Pierson, Jonathan Dickinson. — 13. ^ ,. 

Elders : John Snowden, Alexander White, Elias Naudain, Peter WatkinSf 
Daniel Howell, John Rodes. — 6. 

For moderator this Synod was chosen Mr. Jedidiah Andrews, and lb* 
Robert Wotherspoon was chosen clerk. 

There not beinff time for the reading of the last year's minutes this udi* 
runtf adjourned tiU eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

Wednesday^ at eight o^dock sederunt ut supra^ post preees. . 

Mr. Bradner's excuse for his absence last year was sustained. 

The list of the ministers belonging to the Synod being read, it was fouod 
that Mr. Henry and Mr. Powell are dead. 

The minutes conceniing Mr. Morgan being read, the whole affair relating 
to that minute was referred to that Presbytery whereof he is a member. 

The reasons of Mr. Conn's absence were by letter given, and sustained*. 

Masters 'Gtllespie, Wotherspoon, and Evans, supplied Kent county accofd' 
ing to appointment, as also did Mr. Anderson. 

Mr. Thomson was ordained, according to appointment; Masters Gillespi< 
and Bradner absent at that time ; and their excuses on that occasion were ac 
cepted. 

Mr. Pierson was ordained, according to appointment, at Woodbridge, oi 
the 29th of April, 1717. 

The brethren belonging to Long Island have done their endeavour for erect 
ing a Presbytery there, and were successful. 

Some Presbyteries being defective in not bringing their Presbytery books 
it was ordered that they should have them ready against the next meeting o 
the Synod. 

The consideration of the minute made last year with respect to Mr. Pumry 
referred to next sederunt. 

The moderator of the last Synod being hindered from being here at th 
time appointed by the last year*s Synod, he was appointed to preach this da; 
at ten o'clock, his Synodical sermon. 

Mr. Gelston was ordained at Southampton, April the 17th, 1717, by Mai 
ten McNish, Philips, and Pumry, according to appointment. 

Adjourned till tluree o'clock, aAemoon. 



«■ 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 47 

At thru o*dockj sederunt ut etipra. 

Mr. McNish, the moderator of the last Synod, preached according to ap- 
pointooit, on John zxi. 17. 
Mr. Pamry's business further delayed. 

tauned Mr. Hampton's absence, upon the account of a necessity he lies 
Dnfer to go to his native country for the recovery of his health. 

Mr. Jonn Thomson appointed to join with the Presbytery of New Castle, 
tiDiaeh time as there is a competent number to make up a Presbytery in his 
ne^gfabourhood. 
{ Mr. Gelston's letter, containing some frivolous excuses for his absence, 
t vts not sustained. 

[ i committee for overtures, consisting of Masters McNish, Andrews, Jones, 
r lliOmson, and Pierson, was appointed. 

Adjoomed till ten o'clock to-morrow morning. 

Thursday, September 19/A, sederunt ut supra. 

It being overtured to the Synod by the committee appointed for overtures, 
lint it is to be proposed to the several members of- the Synod, to contribute 
•one^nff to the raising a fund for pious uses, and that they do use their in- 
terest wim their friends, on proper occasions, to contribute something to the 
Mne purpose, and that there be chosen a treasurer to keep what shall be col- 
betod, and that what is or may be gathered, be disposed of according to the 
bcretion of the Synod. The overture was agreed upon and pursued, and 
Mr. Andrews is to be treasurer for this purpose till the next Synod. 

As to the affair of Mr. Pumry, a letter from his people being presented to 
ibe Synod by one of their number, representing their desire of Mr. Pumry's 
continuance among them as their pastor, the Synod did appoint the modera- 
tor, and Mr. Dickinson, to write to the said people, and show the letter to 
^ Synod the next sederunt, 

Adjoomed till 3 o'clock, afternoon. 

At 3 o^clock, sederunt ut supra. 

The Moderator and Mr. Dickinson brought in the letter for the people of 
Newtown according to appointment, and it was accepted. 

Mr. Robert Cross, probationer, lately come from Ireland, having presented 
bit testimonials, after reading thereof, the Synod did approve of the same, 
and recommended him to the Presbytery of New Castle for further durection. 

Adjourned till 8 o'clock to-morrow. 

20//i day at 8 6*dock^ sederunt ut supra. 

This day a call from the Presbyterian Congregation of New York being 
given in to the members of the Presbytery of New Castle, in order to be pre- 
sented to Mr. James Anderson; after they had considered of the same, 
together with Mr. Anderson's reasons for removal, did refer the whole affair 
to the Synod. 

The Synod taking into consideration the abovesaid business, ordered, that 
a committee of their number be appointed to receive and audit the reasons of 
the people of New Casde, if they have any to offer, against the removal of 
Mr. Anderson to New York or any other place ; and that the said committee 
do foDy determine in that affair. Which committee is to consist of Messrs. 
McNish, Gillespie, Wotherspoon, Evans, Pumry, and Thomson, and to meet 
OB Tuesday next, at 10 o'clock in the morning at New Castle, and that there 
be a letter writ to the people of New Castle by Masters Jones, Pnmry, and 
Bcadner, and lo bring it against the next sederunt. 



48 MDiUm OF THB 



Mr. Pienon Imviiig aaked liberty of tha Synod to go home, it wai gMMi 
him. 
Adjourned till 3 o'clock, afternoon. 

At 3 o*clack post mmd. poUprtctt aedenmt ut 

The letter that was appointed to be writ to the people of New Gasdet 
read and approven. 

The affair of Andrew Van Dyke, that was referred from the PresbyteiT-d 
New Castle to the Synod, came under consideration, and a considerable piflf^ 
being spent in discoursing upon it, it was determined nemine cantradiccntL 
that his marriage with his brother's wife or widow was incestuous and unlawfiC 
and their living together as the consequence of that marriage, is incestuooi.Md 
unlawful ; and that so long as they live together, they he debarred froBMl 
sealing ordinances, and that Mr. Wotherspoon make intimation hereof to W 
congregation in what time and manner he shall think convenient. '^ 

Appointed that the next Synod meet at Philadelphia, on the third Tuesdigg 
of September, 1718. 

Memorandum, That this day, viz : the twenty-third of this instant, 
tember, 1718, according to appointment of Synod, was weighed and deli 
into the hands of Mr. Jedidiah Andrews, treasurer for the time beins, the juij^ 
sum of eighteen pounds one shilling and six pence, for which he obUges hi^k 
self, his heirs, Executors, and Administrators, to be accountable to the SyneJt 
unavoidable emergencies only excepted, as witness his hand and seal, thedqf 
and year above mentioned. 

Jedidiah Andrews, [l. s.] 

Test, John Hampton. 

These are to testify, that there was an error in the summing up the moofsf 
above mentioned in tne memorandum, by exceeding the sum expressed^ od^ 
pound five shillings and eight pence. 

George McNub. . 

At a S3mod held at Philadelphia, which began, 

September the 16/A, 1718. 

Ministers present: Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Georse McNish, John 
Hampton, James Anderson, Daniel McGill, George Gillespie, Malachi Joneti 
David Evans, Samuel Pumry, John Bradner, Robert Orr, Hugh Conn, John 
Thomson, John Pierson, Samuel Gelston, Joseph Morgan, Jonathan Dick- 
inson, Henry Hook. — 18. 

Ministers absent: Messrs. Samuel Davis, Geo. Philips, Joseph Lamb. S. 

Elders present: Messrs. John Snowden, John'Gardner, William Willbms, 
Archibald Smilh, Edmund Cropper, Alexander Bell. — 6. 

Three being nominated by the moderator, namely, Messrs. Malachi Jones» 
Daniel McGill, and James Anderson, out of whom one to be chosen for 
moderator; Mr. Daniel McGill was chosen; and Mr. Samuel Gelston wtf 
chosen clerk. 

Mr. Robert Wotherspoon died about the latter end of May, 1718. 

The book of the Presbytery of Philadelphia being called for, it was p»- 
sented. 

The book of the Presbytery of New Castle being called for by the Synodt 
it was promised to produce it the next sederunt. 

The Presbytery book of Long-Island being called for, it was delayed to die 
next sederunt. 

The Synod ordered Masten Anderson and Thomson to revise the 



SYNOD OF PHILAIMBLraiA. 40 

ftery bbok of Phfladelphia, and Masters Andrewa aiid Jones to rmse the 
r e e oy l er y book of New Castle. 

Tbn Synod being further informed of Mr. Gelston*s absence last year, do 
eospCluB reasons. 

TMiAiroonceniing the fond, referred to the next $ederunt. 

ne eommittee reported the case concerning Mr. Anderson, viz : that they 
nasported him from New CasUe to New Tork^ baring had power lodged in 
hm by the Synod to determine that affidr. 

Mr. James Anderson reported to the Synod, that Mr. Wotherspoon had in 
m tune observed the oroer of the S3mod concerning Andrew Van Dyke's 
ansstnons marriage with his brother's wife. 

Mr. Andrews preached from 1 Cor. iiL 11, on the third Tuesday of 7br. 
718« mt the opening of the Synod. 

Tlie Synod ordered that a committee of bills and overtures, should be 

r'nted to meet before the next tederurU of the Synod, and that they con- 
what matters have been orderly proceeded on, and what are suitable to 
Mby them transmitted to the Synod. The Synod also ordering, that in any 
em of difficult coming before the committee, they shall take the advice of 
the Synod. Trie Synod also appoints the reverend brethren, Masters An- 
faws, Hampton, Anderson, Gillespie, and the Moderator, to be members of 
Atiakl conmiittee, and that the committee meet at eight o'clock to-morrow 
■oittng, and the Synod at 3 o'clock in the afternoon. 

TheBynod concluded with prayer and adjourned till 3 o'clock, post merid. 
KHDonow. 

nth day at 3 6* clocks sederunt ut supra. 

The Presbytery's book of New Castle was produced according to promise. 

The Presbytery's book of Long-Island being called for, it was delayed. 

The affair concerning the fund, referred till the next sederunt. 

Mr. William Tennent*s affair being transmitted by the committee to the 
^PDod, was by them fully considered, being well satisfied with his credentials, 
ssi the testimony of some brethren here present, as also they were satisfied 
with the material reasons which he offered concerning his dissenting from the 
eMiUithed Church in Ireland; being put to a vote of the Synod, it was carried 
in the affirmative to admit him as a member of the Synod. Ordered, that his 
reatons be inserted in the Synod book adfuturam rei memoriam. The 
Sfnod also ordered that the moderator should give him a serious exhortation 
to eontinue steadfast in his now holy profession, which was done. 

The reasons of Mr. William Tennent for his dissenting from the estab* 
fiAed Church in Ireland, delivered by him to the Reverend Synod, held at 
Pliiladeljphia, the 17th day of September, 1718. 

Imprtms, Their government by Bishops, Arch-Bishops, Deacons, Arch- 
DeacOTM, Canons, Chapters, Chancellors, Vicars, wholly anti-scriptural. 

2. Their discipline by Surrogates, and Chancellors in their Courts Eccle- 
Mstic without a foundation in the word of God. 

3. Their abuse of that supposed discipline by commutation. 

4. A Diocesan Bishop cannot be founded jure divino upon those Epistles 
Timothy or Titus, nor anywhere else in the word of God, and so is a 
Here human invention. 

5. The usurped power of the Bishops at their yearly visitations, acting all 
iTdiemselves, without consent of the brethren. 

6. Pluralities of benefices. 

Lastly. The Churches conniving at the practice of Arminian doctrines in- 
consistent with the eternal purpose of God, and an encouragement of vice. 
Jesides I could not be satisfied with their ceremonial way of worship. 
5 



50 1IINDTB8 OF THE 

These, &c. have lo affected my conscieDcev that I could no longer abide in a 
church where the same are practised. Signed by 

WnxiAX TEHNXirr. 



Mr. Samuel Toung, minister of the gospel, presenting his credentials from 
the Presbytery oi Armagh, met at Donaghmore, in the county of Down, in the 
kingdom of Ireland, to this Sjmod; they were cordially approTed, and h9 
admitted a member nemme coniradieeme. 

The Synod adjourned till 10 o'clock to-morrow morning, and appointed the 
committee to meet at eight, and then conduded with prayer. 

ISth day at 10 o^cloek, sederunt ut mpra. 

Mr. Pumry's absence was excused. 

The Presbytery's book of Long-Island being called for, they produced their 
minutes. 

Masters Pierson and Bradner appointed to revise the Presbytery's minuter 
of Long-Island. 

Masters Jones and Bradner's absence excused. 

Mr. McNish his absence excused. 

Mr. Gillespie reported that he recommended to his congregation to con- 
tribute to the public fund, and that he received subscriptions tor six pound, 
odd money to be paid against next S3mod. 

The Synod having considered the business of the public fund, did recom- 
mend it to the sever^ ministers, to use the methods that accordins to their 
discretion, should seem best to answer the pious intention of it, and to apply 
their utmost diligence therein. 

Mr. Jedidiah Andrews continued treasurer of the fund till next Synod. 
And it is further ordered by the Synod, that the treasurer for the time being 
have a book, wherein the Synod shall have credit for the several sums he shall 
receive, and be charged debtor for what disbursements shall be made by the 
appointment of the Synod, and that some of their number whom they shall 
thmk fit to appoint, shall examine the said book yearly, and transmit the 
balance into the Synod book, which shall be subscribed and sealed to by the 
said treasurer, for which he, his heirs, executors, and administrators, shall be 
accountable to the Synod, excepting in case of unavoidable emergencies only; 
and that a copy of the treasurer s obligation, signed and sealed by him, be deli- 
vered to some person whom the Synod shall appoint. 

The committee met as appointed. 

The Synod adjourned till three o'clock precisely, and concluded with 
prayer. 

^t 3 o'clock post merid. sedertmt ut supra.* 

The business concerning the fund referred till to-morrow morning; and 
that a collection be made then by those that shall be ready. 

Masters Dickinson and Young appointed to write a letter to Mr. Boyse, 
minister in Dublin, to be communicated to the Presbytery there. 

Masters Hampton, McNish, and Anderson, appointed to write a letter to 
the ministers of London, as also another letter to Mr. Stirling, principal of the 
University of Glasgow, and another letter to the Synod of Qlasgow. 

Masters John Clement and William Stewart, probationers, presented their 
credentials from Britain to the Synod, which were considered and approved. 
As also a call from Pocomoke, being presented by them to Mr. John Cle- 
ment, and another was presented from Monokin and Wicomico, to Mr. Wil- 
liam Stewart, both of which were approven by the Synod, and their ordina- 
tion appointed to be according to the usual methods, andf performed by Masten 




;■*: 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 5| 

flttnidi Dani, Hampton, and Thomson, and mich of the Pre8b3rter7 of New 
Ciadb as they shall think fit to call to their assistance, when those peojAe and 
ter are agreed abont their settlement in the above said places. 
■She RsT. Mr. John Hampton, having petitioned this Synod for a dismis- 

ftfalnl his pastoral relation to the people of Snowhill, they considered that 
■id Mr. Hampton was not able to perform the office of a pastor to that 
iMle without apparent hazard of his Ufe through bodily indisposition; the 
■PSodf vpon mature deliberation, having put the matter to vote, it was carried 
mmme eaniradicenie* to accept of his demission, and to declare his congre- 
lUion vacant, to the great regret of the Synod. 
He Bynoi adjourned till 10 o*clodL, to-morrow morning, and concluded 
" prayer. 






19/A day at 10 o*clockj'po8t preces sedertmt ut iitpra. 

The letter writ by Masters Young and Dickinson was produced, read« and 
approved.* 

A collection was made for the fund by the Synod, according to appoint^ 
■enL Mr. Dickinson delivered one pound twelve shillings from his congre- 
|ttkm of Elizabeth-town, for the fund. 

Overtared, whether a sum out of the fund, not exceeding three pounds, be 
ftbtnd to three persons nominated by the Synod, to be disposed of according 
Islheir discretion, suitable to the design of ^ fund, and that this shall be no 
pneedent for the future. 

Ik said overture concerning the fund being voted, was carried in the affirm- 
ilife; and Masters Jones, Andrews, and McNish, were appointed by the 
tfnod for that particular. 

#fiiod adjourned till 4 o'clock, post merid. 



ftom the Synod to the Rev. John Boyie, minuter in Dublin, to be conunoni- 

cated to the Presbytery there. 

Philadelphia, September ilth, 1718. 
Brethren: 
It may be presumed that you are not wholly strangers to the circumstances of these 

C; how manv poor seals are scattered to and fro in this wilderness, under awfbl 
V of perislung for lack of vision. And it must needs bo a matter of great satisfko- 
tioa tayoQ, to be informed of the earnest breathings of many small and poor places among 
wa, after the most precious privileges of gospel oxdinances, and of the late addresses m 
mdiy of them to as for supply. 

Bat Sin, the pancity and poverty of these people render them utterly incapable to snp« 
prt the ministry among them, could they obtain it; and there lies, therefore, upon them 
a deplorable neeesdty of still continuing m the same circumstances of darkness that they 
■n Dour fai, whieh may render both themselves and posterity miserable Paeans, unless 
MM m ethods can be found out for their speedy assistance in the maintaimng of such 
■iaisten as we would direct them to, which is what we are at present altogether unaUe 
te wnpew. And yet in faithfblness to our great Lord, and the souls of these poor people, 
at dare not bat nse oar utmost essays, to strengthen their hands in this day or small 
this spark, which is but ncwl v kindl^, may be utterly extinguished, whieh 
ibr this address unto yoa mr your charitable assistance in so momentous 



Wo ham heard of the liberality of many gentlemen and others of our persuasion with 
JIB, on neh Hke decasions, and dare not, therefore, doubt of their cheerful complianco 
whh tUe our request, when you have communicated these circumstances to them. 

Tbaa o ar ae rt ly petitioning yoor endeavours for the relief of these poor people, and your 
mmrm to tliia addrees, we eondnde with recommending you and your religious concerns, 
li dM giUanoi and blearing of oar common Lord. Digned in the name and by the 
of the Synod, £c. 
' to direct youn to tlie Rev. Mr. Jedidiah Andrews, minister, at Phi]adel< 







52 MmunBOFTHE 

The Synod met at foar o'clodk, and a^onmed till eight o'dookt t^magnm 
morning* < 

SOthdayatSo^doekfiederuni^^K. \ 

The letter to the minlBten of London was read and approved.* i 

Referred the supplying the several vacancies, to the several Preshyleiieali 
which they belong. ^^l 

The Synod recommended it to Masters Young and Tennent to apply d|b 
selves to what Presbytery within the bounds of the Synod they shooki tUJpi 
convenient. v 

The Presbytery's book of Philadelphia, was revised and approved hy Ai 
Synod. 

Adjourned till 5 o^clock, post merid. 

Met at five o'clock and adjourned to eight o'clock, 22d day. 

22 J day at 8 6* clocks post preces sederunt ut supra. 

The Synod ordered that the Presbytery of Long-Island do revise their 
minutes, and transcribe them into an orderly book against the next Synod. 

The Synod ordered that the Presbytery of New Castle do revise their 
minutes, and transcribe them into an orderly book against the next S3mod. 

The Synod refers the writing of the letter? to Principal Sterling and di^ 
Sjmod of Glasgow, to the discretion of Mr. McNish, Hampton, and Aff 
derson. 

The Synod being informed, that there is a probability of Mr. McNish, bi< 



* To the much honoured and very reverend Dissenting Ministers at London. 

The representation of their unworthj brethren, met at Philadelphia, September tli' 
16th, 1718. 

1. They represent, that though it has pleased Grod to afflict them mach, by a remof»l 
of several of their number who were useful, yet it has also pleased the same graciaiitf 
God, daily, rather to increase than decrease their number, by a continual supply of moi^ 
than has been taken away, which to them is some comfortable evidence, that God hs0 
some good work to do in these parts of the world. 

2. That there are now in number twenty-three ordained ministers and three probalifaK 
ers, who all have agreed to unite their endeavours annually at Philadelphia, for spreadivf 
and propagating the gospel of Christ in these dark parts of the world, viz : in the pro* 
vinces of New York, the Jerseys, Pennsylvania and the territories, Maryland and Vir. 
ginia. In all which, excepting the last, some of the aforesaid ministers do reside. 

3. That all these ministers and pifobationers, aforesaid, are already either settled, or 
have prospect of settlement. 

4. That notwithstanding there are still many vacancies, who either cry to us for help^ 
or their desolate condition and the seeming good disposition of some among them, give 
OS ground to hope, that if they could be provided with able and faithful ministers, th0 
happy effect of it would soon appear. 

5. That most of these places yet to be planted with a gospel ministry, are incapable at 
present of sufficiently supporting ministers among them, and therefore crave help of aU 
well disposed Christians every where, especially, if possibly it can be, of the city d 
London. 

6. That we ourselves have begun a small fund for this and other religious purpoMi 
amonff us, but alas ! it is yet so small that little or nothing can be done by it. 

7. That there is nothing we desire more than the honour and comfort of a yearly cor- 
respondence with you, our very reverend and dear brethren, whom we so much esteem 
in the Lord, if it were but to have your countenance, concurrence, and advice, in ^ 
great and common work of our Lord and his kingdom. 

Lastly. These things we have presumed in great humility to lay before you, bopiaf 
they may have some good effect to tlie glory of God, good of his Church, your — i!Hi*- 
tioo, and oar comforts and refreshments, which, that they may prove so, Is the eemeit 
prayer of, honouraUe and reverend sirs, yours in the hord.^teit9r JMk.] 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 53 

mg to Britun upon some important businesB, and considering that he may 
some service to the common interest of religion in these parts of the world; 
il Imp may the better succeed in his endeavours to serve that design, the 
rndU tfiiiuLs fit that he be enabled by the Synod, with proper recommenda- 
los fiom them. The S3mod, therefore, ror his encouraging in so good a 
ilpi and undertaking, do appoint for a committee of the S3mod, Masters 
ofls, Andrews, Anderson, Dickinson, and Pierson, with as many others as 
Pkttend to meet at Woodbridge, at such a time as the above said Mr. 
Mish shall appoint, he giving the said members a month's notice, giving 
em fiill power to concert all such proper methods and ways, to enable Mr, 
[eNish to undertake and act for us and in our name, and to the general good 
f religion as they shall judge fitting. It is also appointed that the said com- 
kioee do furnish the said Mr. McNish with proper credentials and all si|ch 
Btructions as they shall think fit for answering the end abovesaid. 

The Synod appoints the management of the fiinds as directed by a prece- 
iing minute to Masters Jones, Hampton, and McNish, and to make report to 
he next Synod. 

The Synod adjourned till the third Wednesday of September, at 10 o'clock, 
an/emenU 1719. 

At a Synod held at Philadelphia, which met 

September tlu 16/A, 1719. Being tlie third Wednesday of the month. 

The Synod was opened by a sermon preached by Mr. Daniel McGiU, on 
Heb. ij. 1. 

Poit preces the roll was called. 

Mmisters present: Messrs. Daniel McGill, Jedidiah Andrews, George Gil- 
i^pie, David Evans, John Bradner, Robert Orr, Hugh Conn, John Thom- 
son, Robert Cross. 

Elders: Messrs. Thomas Wallice, Thomas Gordon, Andrew Waliice, 
'oMs Stoddert, John Snowden, Dr. John Nicols. 

Ministers absent: Messrs. George McNish, John Hampton, Malachi 
f<ne8, Samuel Pumry, John Pierson, Samuel Gelston, Joseph Morgan, Jona- 
han Dickinson, Henry Hook, Samuel Young, William Tennent, John Cle- 
Dttt, William Stewart, Samuel Davis, George Philips, Joseph Lamb, 
^loes Anderson. 

Mr. Andrews was chosen clerk. 

Two being nominated by the moderator, namely. Masters John Thomson, 
nd George Gillespie, out of whom one to be chosen moderator, Mr. Thom- 
on was chosen. 

The minutes of the last Synod ordered to be read over. 

The appointment of the Synod with respect to the ordination of Masters 
ohn Glonent, and William Stewart, was complied with, they being solemnly 
^t apart to the work of the ministry, by the Kev. Masters Samuel Davis, 
irfm Hampton, and John Thomson, at Rehoboth, in Somerset county, in 
Uiyland, upon ' '■ day of June, 1719. 

Ordered, That an inquiry be made about the letters sent to Britain and 

elmd the last year, when die Synod shall be more ftill. 

The whole aJair concerning the Presbyteries* books referred till after- 

irds. 

The affair concerning the fund deferred till afterwards. 

The business with respect to Mr. McNish his going to Britain, mentioned 

Ae last year's minutes, was dropt. 

The moderator. Masters Andrews, McGill, and Gillespie, appointed for a 

mmitiee for bills and overtures. ^ 

6* 



54 MmUTBEl OPTHS 

The '^**— ■■«*— lo Bwet UhiuOTioVt mniemeri^iam, st eight o*cloek* 
AdlfeonMi till ten o'clock, to-oionowv 4Dilc 



17 <% ai ten o'dockf poU ftttu^ Midenmi, fc* 

MmkT§ McNish, Andenon, and GdstoD* gawe tatia&cloffy leeecMiB to t 
Synod for their not attending before this seoion. 

Mr. Hampton signified h^ inability to attend, by letter. 

Mr. Jonea is dangerooaly sick. Mr. Pierson sick, as likewise Ma^l 
Yoongt' Clement, and Hook. Mr. Dickinson necessarily detained by 1 
brother's sickness. 

Mr. McNish and Mr. Anderson did write to the Synod of Glasgow, and 
the Principal of the college there, as appointed. 

The Presbytery books ordered to be brought in next sederunt. 

The Synod ordered that a committee should be chosen to inquire and i 
speet into the afiair of the fund, and receive what money shall be brought 
now, and consider of some proper methods of disposing of it to the best adva 
tage for answering its end. 

The S3mod ordered that the moderator, Masters McNish, Anderson, Sloi 
deri, Conn, Bradner, and Andrews, be the members of the said committee. 

Whereas there was a petition* from the Presbyterian congregation of Ncf 
York presented to the Synod, it was ordered that that petition should be ii 
berated upon by the above committee, and their sentiments transmitted to i 
Synod. 

Ordered, That the above committee relating to the fund, do meet at fii 
o'clock in the afternoon. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, post meridiem. 

Jit three o^clock post meridiem^ post preces^ sederunt ut supra. 

The book of the Presbytery of Philadelphia was not produced by reason 
Mr. Dickinson's absence. 

Masters Orr and Cross appointed to revise the Presbytery's book of Lo 
Island. 

Masters McNish and Anderson appointed to revise the Presbjrtery's bo 
of New Castle. 

The papers of the Presbytery of New Castle relating to the appeal of Ab 
ham Emmitt, and his two sons, voted to be read. 

The Synod having heard all the papers with respect to Mr. Emmitt's i 
peal, deferred the full consideration thereof till to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till seven o'clock precisely, to-morrow morning. 

18 day 9 post preces^ sederunt ut supra^ aJt seven o^ clock 

It was overtured to the S3n[iod by the committee appointed to considei 
the fund, that a tenth part of the neat produce of the Glasgow collection 
given to the Presbyterian congregation of New York towards the suppor 
the gospel among them, and mat a letter be sent to them from the Synod 
lating to their circumstances ; which overture was approved by the Syi 
and the moderator and Mr. Cross were appointed to write said letter, wl 
letter is to be brought into the Synod for approbation. 

The business of Mr. Emmitt, and of his sons' appeal from the judgn 
of tho Presbytery of New Castle came again before us, and it was jud| 
nemine cotUradtceniCf that the appeal was groundless. And the Synod c 
hereby approve of the whole proceedings of the Presbytery of New Ci 
in reference to that whole affair. And further, if in any thing the said P 
bytary have failed as to their judgment in this affair, it is in too much tei 
towirdi the tnMlUnts. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. }5 

2. Thai our BeT. Biother, Mr. Gillespie, is falsely and groandlessly 
laiged by the appellants* when they alWe of him an inaiifliciency as to 
iiuBleiial abilities, and the grounds whi(£ the said appellants found their 
huge npon are altogether inconclusive and false. 

had further, it is Ordered, That the said appellants be discharged from the 
larticipation of the sealing ordinances of Christ, until they give satisfaction 
» ^ minister and session of their now present congregation for their offen- 



Adjourned till three o'clock, po$i meridiem. 

Post Meridiem, sederunt ut supra. 

It being overtured by the committee concerning the fund, that such a num- 

nfx of persons as the Synod thinks fit to be nominated, shall be empowered 

10 receive the collection of the Synod of Glasgow and Ayr, if it arrives safe' in 

goods, and put them into the hands of some substantial persons, to be sold to 

ihe best advantage for money, and to account with said persons for the sale 

hereof, and receive the neat produce for the use of the fund ; and likewise, 

ifter receipt thereof, to let the same to use upon good security, after paying 

to New York congregation what is allowed to them. This overture was ap- 

{iDved of by the Synod. And the S3mod appoints that if the said goods 

nive at New York, that Masters McNish, Anderson, and Tennent, or any 

two of them ; or in case the said goods arrive at Philadelphia, that then Mas« 

teis Andrews, Jones, and Cross, or any two of them, have power to dispose 

of said goods as abovesaid. And that the two parties abovesaid, or a majo- 

ri^ of mem, concert together about the letting out the money received for 

said goods to interest, for which they shall be accountable to tlie Synod. 

Being further overtured by the committee that a letter be writ, (a copy of 
wUch to be given to every minister belonging to this Synod,) recommenaing 
a yeariy collection to be gathered in every particular congregation for pious 
0868, to be sent yearly to the Synod by their minister or elder, it was ap- 
pmred. And Mr. Andrews is appointed to write the said letter, and to bring 
it into the Synod for approbation. 
Mr. McNish added to the committee for bills and overtures. 
The conmiittee for bills and overtures appointed to meet to-morrow at eight 
o'clock, ante meridiem. 

Mr. Pumry*s letter of excuse for his absence was read, and his excuse sus- 
tiiiied. 

Masters McNish, Anderson, and Gillespie, appointed to preach here next 
Sabbath day. 
Adjourned till ten o'clock to-morrow morning. 

19 day. Post preces, sederunt ut supra. 

There was a letter sent to the Synod from the people of Patuxent, which 
Ae conmiittee does overture may be considered by the Presbytery of New 
Caitle and correspondents, and it was approved. 

Overtared that fiir. McGill and Mr. Orr have s3n[iodical testimonials, they 
kanng at present no particular pastoral charges, and being uncertain how and 
where Providence may dispose of them ; it was granted them, and Mr. An- 
drews is appointed to write said testimonials, and to bring them in for the ap- 
probatkm of the Synod. 

The 83mod appoints the committee for bills and overtures do write a letter 
ts tibe pei^e of Snowhill, in answer to theirs to the Sjmod. 
^ Tiw fiyiiod having received a letter from the people of Potomoke, in Vir- 
gotta, lequesting the Synod's care and diligence to provide them an able sos- 
pd minister to settle among them, it was a{^inted that the Bev. Mr. 



56' - MINUTES OF THfi 

« 

McGill should go and preach to that people in order to setdement upon nuilnl) 
agreement* and that a letter be writ to said people by MasteiB Conn and Cmm^ 
and by them be brought into the Synod for approlMition. *': 

The committee for the fund appointed to meet at eight o'clock, ante mm*' 
diem, on Monday next. r 

Adjourned till ten o'clock, ante meridiem^ on Monday next. 

21 day. According to appointment, post preces, sederunt ut supra. 

The letter to be sent to the several congregations was brought in by Mr. 
Andrews, and approved.* * 

Ordered, That an authentic copy of said letter be given to every Presbj^ 
tery of the Synod, signed by the moderator and clerk. 

Overtured by the committee for the fund that the widow of the Rev. Vlx^ 
John Willson is considered as a person worthy of the regard of this Sjmodfit 
as to her present circumstances, and it is proposed that four pounds be now 
given her out of the present fund, and that a discretionary power be lodsed 
with Mr. Andrews, if he sees necessity requires, to give her some fur&r: 
supply out of the said fund, between this and the next Synod, not exceeding 
three pounds, and it was approved. 

It is appointed by the Synod, that the money that is now in bank, be 
entrusted to the trustees of the Glasgow collection afore mentioned, that they 
or any three of them shall have power to let out to interest said money, and 
that those that let out said money shall be accountable to the next Synod. 

The committee for bills and overtures, appointed to meet half an hour after 
3 o'clock, in the evening. 

Adjourned till 4 o'clock, /)0«^ merid. 

Post merid. according to appointment, post preces sederunt ut supra. 
There was brought into the fund during the sitting of this Synod, from several 



* The letter of the Synod now sitting at Philadelphia, to the several congregations with' 

in the bounds of the Synod. 

Sefftemher^, 1719. 
Christian Friends, 

Whereas Divine Providence, which is the Disposer of the lot of all men, has planted 
us in these parts of the world, and in such a station wherein we are obliged, in an emi- 
nent manner, to- study the everlasting welfare of the souls of men. And whereas, to our 
great grief and exercise, we see many smaller places of lesser ability to maintain and 
support the interest of Christ among them, by the ordinary means of salvation, and yet 
desirous thereof^ languishing in darkness and blindness, and in great danger of utter rain 
for lack of vision ; casting in our minds how to get these miserable people relieved, could 
think upon no other way than by using our utmost interest and endeavour to have such 
a fund or stock of money raised as may be of some use to help those distressed places 
and people. In pursuance of which design we have addressed our friends m Britaii 
and Ireland not altogether without success. 
And forasmuch as it seems to us unreasonable and unjustifiable to apply to otbei 

E laces in this affair, and ourselves, who are more immediately concerned, to hold oai 
ands, we determined to request the charity of our respective congregations in the pr« 
mises, that they would yearly make a collection for the carrying on of the said noble am! 
pioos design of planting and spreading the everlasting gospel in these provinces. 

As for arguments to enforce this our proposal, the tmng itself is of such conseqoenec 
and importance, and withal so needful, that we need not, we hope, use any other, oalj 
the consideration of a blessing entailed, in this and the other world, by 6od*s gracioui 
promisei, on all such as do cheerfully exert themselves for the glory of God and thi 
good of souls, together with the honourable examples that are frequently set us by the 
good people of our own nation both at home and abroad. So reconmiending you to thf 
coQBsel and blesnng of the Author and Rewarder of all good works, we gubtoribe cor- 
•ehrw jcnn in the trtiest boodi of Christian affectione.— [Letter Bfok.] 



SYNOD OF FHrnADELPHIA. 57 

i« the sum of twenty-one poands* seTen 8hilliniH(s and ten pence; be- 
adM t bUl of eicluaige of fourteen pounds, fiTO shillings sterling money, 
from Mr. Hampton, together with sixteen pounds, fifteen shillings, Pennsyl- 
nmuMmey, tbtt was before in the hands oi Mr. Jedidiah Andrews, the trea- 
iDer flf the fund* 
iiijoumed till ei^t o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

22d day 9 according to appointment^ post precea sederunt tU supra. 

Tbie letter to the Presbyterian congregation. New Yoric, was brought in 
ISO approved. 

The Presbytery book of New Castle, was revised and approved by the 
Sysod, unto the end of sessio septima in page nineteen, as is to be seen in the 
■Mgin of said book in the above said page nineteen. 

Ordered, That the Presbytery of Long-Island get a new well ordered book 
•pinst the next Synod, and that they leave marginal room for Synodical 
tBKodfflents. 

Mr. McNish reported, that of the sum not exceeding three pounds, for the 
diiposing of which Masters McNish, Jones, and Andrews, had a discretionary 
power Imlged in them, there was only one pound ten shillings disposed of. 

The letter to the people of Potomoke, in Virginia, was brought in and 
tpproved of. 

Letters testimonial were given to Mr. Daniel McGill and Mr. Robert Orr, 
xeoiding to appointment, a copy of which is ordered to be kept in reteniis, 

Tbe minutes for the Synod's this year's meeting, were read and approved. 

A{^K)inted that the meeting of the next Synod be the third Wednesday of 
6qrt!»nber next, at Philadelphia. 

At a Synod held at Philadelphia, 

Septejfnber 22, 1720. Post preces, the roll was called. 

Minitters present: Messrs. Daniel McGill, Jedidiah Andrews, George 

Gflleipie, George McNish, David Evans, John Bradner, Robert Cross, Malachi 

'onoi, Joseph Morgan, Jonathan Dickinson, Henry Hook, Samuel Young, 

WiQiam Stewart, John Clement, James Anderson, Joseph Webb, John 
Qnne. 

EUers present: Messrs. John Nicols, Caleb Ward, Benjamin Armitage, 
Aidiibald Edmundson, Alexander White, James Abraham, 'i'homas January, 
Cinistophel Van Sandt, Jonathan Smith, John Colwell, Isaac Piper, Daniel 
&Btth. 

Ministers absent: Messrs. Hugh Conn, John Thomson, John Hampton, 
Snuiel Pnmry, John Pierson, Samuel Gelston, William Tennent, Samuel 
O&m, Georee Philips, Joseph Lamb. 

Mr. Maladii Jones, chosen moderator, and Mr. Jonathan Dickinson, clerk. 

Aeeording to last year*s appointment, the Synod should have met yesterday, 
kt were hindered by bad weather. 

BCr. John Thomson, who was moderator last year, was absent by reason of 
>Kfaies8, for which cause the Synodical sermon was not preached. 

Mr. John Pierson sent the reason of his absence by letter, which was sus- 
tained. Mr. Hugh Conn and Mr. William Tennent, sent the reasons of their 
>hieiice b^ letter, which were sustained. 

The mmutes of last year ordered to be read. 
. Hm Moderator, Masters Andrews, McGill, Young, Anderson, and Dick- 
tttoo, appointed for a eommittee for bills and overtures. 



p^ HDffUTBB OF THE 

Mr. Hampton absent by leaaon of sieknew. 

The Presbytery books ordered to be broagbt in next $edenmt. 

The whole afikir respecting the fund continued. 

Mr. Morgan appointed to preach to«morrow« at eleven o'dock. 

Masteis Gillespie, Dickinson, and Stewart, appointed to preach here neit 
Lord*s day. 

Mr. McGill reported to the Synod, that according to last yearns appoiol- 
ment, he went to Potomoke, in Yirdnia, and after some month's continuanei 
there, put the people into church oraer. 

The said Congregation of Potomoke, in Virginia, have sent a letter to iba 
Synod, manifesting their hearty approbation of Mr. McGill's whole oondntl 
among them, and desiring his setding with them as their minister. 

The affair of Potomoke deferred till afterwards. 

An inquiry with respect to what the respective ministers have done aboH 
the annual collections, delayed. 

Mr. John Orme presented to the Synod his testimonials relating to fail 
ordination to and qualifications for the gospel ministry, which the Synod 
was satisfied with ; and upon his desire, he was received a member of the 
Synod. 

The committee for bills and overtures, appointed to meet half an hour after 
two o'clock, this afternoon. 

Adjourned till four o'clock, post merid. 



Half an hour after 4 o'clock, P, M. post preces sederunt ut sipra. 

Masters Gillespie and Evans, appointed to revise the Presbytery book of 
Philadelphia. 

Masters Morgan and Hook, appointed to revise the Presbytery book of 
New Castle. 

Masters Bradner and Stewart, appointed to revise the Presbytery book of 
Long-Island. 

Ordered, That the committee for bills and overtures, do bring in an over- 
ture for the better settling our Presbyteries. 

The affair respecting the fund further continued. 

The affair of Potomoke further continued. 

The affair of collections further delayed. 

An address from the people of Gloucester and Pilesgrove, supplicating the 
advice and assistance of the Synod, for the settling of the gospel among £ein« 
and in particular with relation to Mr. James Morehead, that has lately preached 
among them, was read and considered. 

And the said Mr. Morehead, offering himself to be admitted a member of 
the Synod, and producing his certificates, which being viewed and deliberated 
upon by the Synod, were unanimously voted not valid ; and more especially 
a writing produced by him as a testimonial of his ordination. This, together 
with other reasons, viz : his irregular and factious carriage in his own coun- 
try, (as appeared by his own confession, and the personal knowledge of 
several members of this Synod, ) together with his scandalous and disorderly 
behaviour since he came into America, (as manifestly appeared,) has caused 
the Synod to refuse him admittance into their number, and to lay a charge 
UDon all their members to give him no encouragement as a minister, but U. 
advertise all as they have opportunity, and occasion to beware of him. 

Ordered, That an extract of this minute, with relation to Mr. Morehead 
signed by the clerk, be given to every Presbytery belonging to Una Synod. 

Adjourned till to-monow, at ei^^t o'doek. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. S9 

d8(f day at eight o^doek^ poit precet sederunt tU supra. 

rhe affur reepeeting the fund further continued. 

Oidered, Thst the zffm of Potomoke, be considered by the committee for 

baid oTertiuee. 

.^hisfiair of collections further delayed. 

The letter from Gloucester and Pilesgrove being reviewed, it was ordered 

WkMx» M<»gBn preach at Gloucester next Lord's da^, and he carry with 

■i n extract of the minutes of the Synod with relation to Mr. Moreheadt 

id nsd it to that congregation. 

iMsm Hook ordered to preach at Pilesgrove the next Lord's day come s'en- 

yhW md earry with him an extract of the minutes of this Synod with rela* 

on 10 BIr. McHrehead, and read it to the congregation. 

Mr. Andrews appointed to write a letter to the people of Gloucester 
■i Pilewrovey in answer to theirs, and bring it in to-morrow morning. 

What further concerns the people of Gloucester and Pilesgrove, referred to 
ke Presbytery of Philadelphia. 

A letter from Mr. Pumry, by way of excuse for his absence being read, 
vii not sustained. Mr. McNish appointed to tell him so. 

The committee for bills and overtures, appointed to meet at three o'clock, 

lfcllM)OII. 

Adjourned till half an hour after three o'clock, Post Meridiem, 

Half an hour after three o^ clock, P. M. postpreces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the committee for bills and overtures, together with Mr. 
Melfirii and Mr. Bradner added to them, be a committee about the affair of 
jlttfbnd. 

Oidered, That every minister of this Synod do their diligence to obtain 
vhit collection they can from their respective congregations toward the fund, 
« was appointed last Synod. 

The a£»ir of Mr. Clement came into consideration and is continued. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

24 day, at 8 6* clock, post preces, sederunt ut supra. 

The papers sent to the Synod by some elders of the Church at Rehoboth* 
hf way of complaint against Mr. Clement, their minister, were delivered to 
aid Mr. Clement, to l^ perused, and answered in writing the next Monday, 
ttln o'clock^ ante meridiem. 

A letter from James Mitchell read, and the consideration of it delayed. 

The anpplication of Abraham Emmitt being read, is deferred till the next 
Hierunt. 

An address from some people in and about Birmingham, upon Brandy wine, 
nsd in the Synod, and is continued. 

Hie letter to Gloucester and Pilesgrove read and approved. 

Adjourned till Monday morning, at ten o'clock. 

26 day, ten o^ clock, post preces, sederunt ut supra. 

The affair of Mr. Clement delayed. 

The consideration of James Mitclieirs letter further delayed. 
The supplication of Abraham Emmitt delayed. 
Hie address from Birmingham delayed. 

The affair of New York coming under consideration, was deferred till 
lAemoon. 
Adjoomed till four o'clock, P. M. 



QQ MIMUTKB OFTHB 

P. BL four o'^dock^ poH freat, tedenaU ttt Mupra. 

After a full hearing and long reasoning upon die ease rapmented ty 
Messrs. LivingBton and Smith, touching Mr. Andenon's aetuing at New 
York ; the question waa put whether the proceedings of the Presbyteij d 
Long Island, in the settling Mr. Aikbrson at New York, were regular? And 
it was carried in the affirmative by a great majority. 

Ordered, That Mr. Andrews and Mr. Dickinson write a letter to MeMA 
Livingston and Smith, ^c. 

The sentiments of the Synod concerning two sermons read before tiMSi 
preached at New YoriL by Mr. Anderson, and complained of by Messrs. Uf* 
ingston and Smith, is, diat they could wish that they had been deliTerad ii 
soUer and milder terms in some passages, thou^ die Synod approves of die 
substance of the sermons as orthodok and godly. 

Ordered, That the moderator, Mr. Gillespie, and Mr. Evans, write s kttff i 
to the Presbyterian congregation at New York, and bring it into the Synod. 1 

Adjourned till ten o'clock to-morrow morning. 

27 day^ ten d*dock^ post preetM^ sedenmi ui npnu 
The letter to Messrs. Livingston and Smith, d^c. read and approved. 
Mr. Clement brought his answer in writing to the papers sent to the Synod 
from Rehoboth, which being considered, was further delayed. 
Adjourned till four o*clock, P. M. 

Four o'clock^ P. M. Pott preces^ federuni ui mpra, 

Overtured, That a committee be sent to Rehoboth, widi fiillpower fiam 
the Synod to act in their names, and by their authority, in the afiair between 
Mr. Clement and that people, and that Mr. Clement be suspended from the 
exercise of his ministry, until the determination of that committee. Tlitf 
overture was carried by vote in the affirmative, nemini contradUenie. 

Ordered, That Masters McNish, McGiU, Thomson, Stewaru GillesDifi 
and Hook« or any three of them, be a committee for said purpose, and to 
meet at said place the fourth Friday of October next. 

Ordered, That each of the mentioned ministers carry an elder with him if 
he can. 

Ordered, That an extract of this minute be given to said committee. 

Adjourned till to*morrow morning, nine o^cIock. 

S8/A day. Mine o'clock. Pott precesy nderuni ui tupra. 

The Sraod having received letters from Snowhill, by way of complaint 
against Mr. Samuel Davis, have appointed Masters McNish. McGill, Hamp- 
ton, Thomson, Stewart, Gillespie, and Hook, or any three of them, to be a 
committee to go to Snowhill, with full power to hear, examine, and dele^ 
mine abi>ut the complaints made, or to be made, against the said Mr. Daris. 
Which affair is to be determined by said committee^ before the committee ap- 
poinu\l in the business of Mr. Clement, return home. 

Tpon a motion of an mterioquimr of the ministers of the $\-nod, by Mr. 
MeNi$h, Ordered, That the ministers meet, pursuant to said motion, at three 
o'oUvk, P. M. 

Tho consideration of James Miurhell^s letter further delayed. 

Adjourned lill six o'clock, P. M. 

'iOth (ioy, at nine o'clock, .f . JWl Posi prtcet^ tederunl ui supra. 

The Syn^Hl being necessardy hindered from sicdng at the time appointed, 
have vteferrvd iheir meeting until now. 
The iuterioquimr of the miuisieis of the Synod wm heU accoidiing to ap- 



SYNOD OF PMILADSLBillA. 61. 

intment Another interioquitiir appointed to be held at three o*<;lock, post 



The Syno4 bemg addressed by letters from Abraham Emmitt, senior, Abra- 
m Eomiitt, junior, and Josias Emmitt, petitioning their reconsideration of 
e CMe between Mr. Gillespie and them. The Synod, upon serious consid- 
Hkm, find reason to confirm their former sentence, any veasons now ofier- 
llp die contrary by said Emmitts notwithstanding. And it is ordered by 
e Synod, that the said Emmitts be still discharged from the participation of 
vUitf ofdinances until they give this following satisfaction, viz. that they 
IB their fault before the session, in uttering defamatory speeches against the 
iflMterial abilities of Mr. George Gillespie, and shall manifest thexr sorrow 
r having done so. 

There being an overture brou^t from the committee for bills and overtures 
vA ten pounds out of the fund be given for the encouragement and support 
f mch ministers as shall preach to the people of Gloucester and Pilesgrove, 
) be disposed of at the discretion of the Presbytery of Philadelphia, or any 
wo of them, it was agreed to by the Synod. 

Ordered, That Mr. McGtll and Mr. Young write a letter to the Synod of 
'lasgow and Ayr, and another to Mr. Stirling, principal of the college of Glas- 
|Q«, in answer to -theirs, representing the hearty thanks of this Synod for 
iKir kindness to the interest of religion in these wilderness parts. 

Ordered, That the letter two years ago by this Synod to the ministers of 
iiOndon, be transcribed and directed severally to Dr. Calamy, Mr. John Nes- 
>itt, and Mr. James Anderson, with a short postscript to each. 

Adjourned 4ill four o'^clock, post meridiem. 

Four o^dock, P. M. Post preees^ sederunt ut supra. 

The iiterloquitur of the ministers of the Synod was held according to ap- 
XHntment. with relation to an affair respecting Mr« Robert Cross, referred to 
^ Synod by the Presbytery of New Casde. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning, eight o'clock. 

30/A d(ty. Post preces^ sederunt ut supra, at eight o^ clock. 
The affair of Mr. Robert Cross transmitted from the inteiloquitur of the 
ynod, came into consideration before the Synod, wherein the charge of for- 
mation laid against him, with its aggravations, were fully heard and consi- 
Jred with great deliberation, and also charged upon him by the moderator, 
the face of the ^ynod, and before several other discreet persons who were 
sired to be present. And the said Mr. Robert Cross did, with great seri- 
sness, humility, and signs of true repentance, confess the charge laid against 
D, and in all respects did so behave himself as was universally satisfactory 
the Synod, and the other persons present. 

Overtured, That Mr. Cross be suspended by act of the Synod four Sab- 
hs, and at the expiration of said time he have liberty again to preach the 
ipel. And that at the desire of the congregation of New Castle, or their 
resentatives in their name, he may be agam restored to the exercise of his 
listry in that place, by a committee of the Synod, and that the said com- 
tee meet at said place at least three days before the expiration of the said 

Phis overture was agreed to by the Synod. 

)rdered. That Mr. Jones, Mr. Andrews, Mr. Toung, Mr. McGill, Mr. 
ins, or any three of them, be the said committee. 

>rdered. That Mr. McGill preach the second, Mr. Young the third, Mr, 
ok the fourth Sabbath in next month, at New Castle. 
Ldjouraed till four o'clock, post meridiem. 
6 



62 ^ MINUTES OF THK 

I\mr o'chekt F. M. Pati pneeB^ Medenmi tU itq>nL 

Mr. McGiU appointed to preach at Kent county* and to the people at Bir- 
mingham, on Bnndywin0« or to eitfier or both of them as he in Christian pn- 
dence shall find occasion. 

The letter to tfie congregation of New Toik was read and approred. 

Overtured, That a commission of die Synod be appointed to act in die 
name, and with the wh<^e authority of theSjrpod, in all afiairs that shall come, 
before them, and particnlariy that the whole affair of die fimd be left to dieir 
conduct, and that they be accountable to the Synod; which orertnre was ap* 
proved by the S3mod. 

Masters Jones, Andrews, McNish, Anderson, Dickinson, and Erans, ap- 
pointed for said commission, any three whereof to be a quorum. 

The Presbytery books were each of them, according to appointment, re- 
vised and approved by the Synod. 

The business concerning the regulation of Presbyteries, deferred till Ae 
next Synod. 

The letters to Glasgow read and approved. 

Mr. Gillespie entered his protest and dissent against the procedure of tbe 
Synod with respect to the amir of Mr. Robert Cross. 

The Synod adjourned until die third Wednesday of September next, then 
to meet at Philadelphia.* 

At a Synod held at Philadelphia, 

September 20/A, 1721. Po9i pneet Mtdennd. 

Ministers : Messrs. Daniel McGill, Jedidiah Andrews, George Gillette, 
George McNish, Malachi Jones, David Evans, Joseph Morgan, Jooatbtfi 
Dickinson, James Anderson, Joseph Webb, John Orme, Wil&am Tennent, 
John Thomson, Sanrael Gebton, Samuel Pnmry, Hu^ Conn, Henry Hook^ 
Samuel Davis, John Pierson, Robert Cross, William Stewart. 

Messrs. John Bradner, John Clement, George Philips, and Joseph Landit 
were absenL 

Elders present: Messrs. Robert Gordon, John Snowden, Robert Finney, 
John David, John Gardner, Johannes Vandegrift, Robert Ogden, Thonnt 
(>dell, and Ephraim Sealy. 

Mr. Jonathan Dickinson was chosen moderator, and Mr. David Evans wtf 
chosen clerk. 

The Synod to their great sorrow found that our reverend brethren, Mr. 
Samuel Young and Mr. John Hampton were dead. 

* Mr. Archibald EdmandsoD. 

Pkilmdrtfkim, Odaker tkt 60, ITSa 
Sir~Mr. MoGiU baTUif reported to me and tome others that were left as a com* 
rnittce of the ^iMd« that there waa boom difference between his apprehoiaioiMi and those 
of the people of Marlbocoigifh coofregatioii, respectinr abont half a year's time that wu 
•pent between the time of his hatm^ accepted the call in England and his entering ioto 
actual service amonf yo«s and desirmg o«r opinion, whether it were not rifhl &r him to 
expect pay lor thai time, because he had then laid bj all hasinriM that coold be adTa» 
tafoous to him, besidse was rather more expensiTe to him than the same spaee of tioM 
was when actually settled in businesa; we cooU not bat give it as oar opinion, that be 
mif ht justly expect to be paid Ihr that time» and the other members kft it with lut U 
aoquaintyou with oar senllmenis of the matter. I am, sir. tout humble servant. A. 



iMaiky ut* the WtftMa rOktod lo in the Miaolas aie not to be jbaed in the Lettei 

Book, and the Ibregoi^ is the last ■nantandum ncecdML] 



j SYNOD OF PHILAHELPHU. 63 

M .|pr«lBMi»Boderatorof the last Synod, preached a Syiiodical sermon f^ 

^ Appoated that the eommittee for bills and overtures be Masters Jedidiah 
Aaom, George McNish, and Daniel McGill. 
Tk minutes of the last Synod ordered to be read. 

Biiw complaints being made by some of the members concerning James 
Mipheid, who was disowned by the Synod last year, which affair is deferred 
dlaflerwaids. 

Mr. Simuel Pmmry gave satisfactory reasons to the Synod for his absence 
tMCjev. 

Oidered, That the members of the Synod be inquired of to-morrow mom- 
iig, what collection they have made towards the fund. 

(Mered, Thai Mr. Hugh Conn shall preach here next Friday, at eleven 
s'doeL 

Ordered* That the committee for bills and overtures do meet to-morrow 
. Boniiiig, at seven o'clock. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning, at 9 o'clock. 

\ nst day. Pott preces sederunt qui mpra^ at nine o^ clock. 

The affair of the committee with relation to Mr. Clement, deferred. 
Mr. Gillespie reported that the Emmitts gave satisfaction to him and his ses- 
m, according to ^e order of the Synod last year. 

liie Presbytery of Philadelphia reported that they had paid Mr. Clement 
fve pounds of the ten pounds that was left to them last year to be disposed 
tf at their discretion, for the encouragement of the gospel at Gloucester and 
nogrore. 

The committee appointed to meet upon the* account of Mr. Cross, met 
iflNrding to appointment, and the i\epre8entetiv6s of the congregation of New 
^uAe^ reporting that the generality of said congregation were for continuiniLr 
Mr. Cross as their pastor ; the said committee restored him unto the exercise 
of his pastoral office there, 

Mr. McGill performed the order of the Synod last year to their satisfac- 
tioB. 

Ordered, Thai the commissioners of the Synod, do bring in an account to- 
aoiTow morning of what they have done in the Synod's name, since last 
meeting. 

Appointad that the committee for bills and overtures be alsoa committee for 
tb mnd ; and Messrs, Jones, Anderson, Thomson, and the moderator, be 
added to them. 

Appointed that Mr. Pierson and Mr. Webb, do revise the Presbytery book 
of New Castle, 

Appointed that Mr. Conn and Mr, Cross,, do revise the Presbytery book of 
ndladelphia* 

Appointed that Mr. Orme and Mr. Gillespie, do revise the Presbytery book 
ofLoog-Mand. 

The business widi respect to the regulation of Presbyteries deferred from 
last to this Synod, further delayed. 
The affair relating to James Morehead, Airther delayed. 
It being mquired what collections for the fund were made, it was found 
that.Masters Andrews, McNish, the Moderator, Webb, Orme, Conn, Thom- 
son, and G^elston, have brought collections from their respective congregations, 
vhich they are ordered to deliver to the committee lor the fund, and the 
remaining ministers having given their reasons why they obtained no collec- 
tions^ tj^ey yr.es!^ fustained. 



54 MINUTES OF THE 

OMered, That the mmisten of this Synod shall continue their diligent 
obtain collections for the fund as afore appointed. 

The committee for bflla and overtures, appointed to meet at half an 1 
after two o'clock, post merid. 

Adjourned till half an hour after three o'clock, P. M. 

P. M. hulfan hour after three o'clod 

The whole affair relating to Mr. Clement deferred. 
The consideration of Ae regulation of Preirf>yterie» fvrther delayed. 
The affair relating, to Mr. Morehead, further delayed. 
Adjourned till three o-dock, poet nurid. to-morrow. 

22d day at three o*elock^ post merid. sederunt qui supra 

The affair relating to Mr. Clement further delayed. 

The consideration of the regulation of Presbyteries further delayed. 

The affair of James Morehead was reassumed, and he presenting; him 
before the Synod, it was by the moderator inquired of him, whether he wo 
submit to the Synod or not, which he refusing, the moderator, in the nanu 
the Synod, solemnly admonished him not to exercise the work of the mil 
try, upon paiii<of the highest church censure in case of continued contumi 

Ordered, That a letter be written to the people of White-clay creek 
answer to their letter to the Sjmod^ and that Masters John Orme and Rol 
Cro08.downte said letter. 

Ordered, That Mr.* John Thomson preach at White-clay creek, and i 
the above said letter to said people, together with all the conclusions of 
Synod relating to the above said Morehead. 

Ordered, That Masters Orme, Cross, and McGill, do preach here i 
Lord's day. 

The committee for bills and overtures, to meet at eight o'clock, ante mt 
to-movow. 

Adjourned till ten oTclock^ A. M. to-morrow. 

23d day at ten o*clock. A, M, postpreces sederunt qui stqmi 

The afi^ir-of Mr. Clement was reassumed, and with reference thereunt 
was proposed, whether it should be presently taken into consideration of 
Synod, which was carried affirmatively. Whereupon the Synod hai 
diligently inquired into the conversation of the said Mr. Clement, from 
time of the> committee appointed to sit at Rehoboth. last fall, do find incon 
tible proof from several evidences who appeared before the Synod, tiiat in 
general, the carriage of the said Mr. Clement, had been unbecoming a gof 
minister. And more particularly it was proved before us, that he had b 
grossly disingenuous in the pretended satisfaction he- had given to the f 
committee, by his saying, that the confession of his immoralities, and 
satisfaction he had made to them, was because he knew no other way to 
/Out of their clutches. It abo appeared by good evidence, that the said ] 
Clement, had been diverse* times overtaken with drink, and chargeable v 
very abusive language, and quarrelling, and of stabbing a man. Whereu] 
the Synod seriously considering the premises, do, in regard to the honou: 
God and edification' of his people, as well as for preventing the bad influe 
of his ill example, as. also his own conviction and reformation, suspend 
said Mr. Clement from the exercise of all and every part of his ministe 
function, till the next meeting of the Synod at this place. 

Ordered, That Mr. Jedidiah Andrews do write a letter to said Mr. Clem 
at his leisure, in which an extract of this minute is to be inclosed. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. ^ 

The fSMuniUee ibx bills and overtures to meet at eight o'clock on Monday 
wit,k« M. 

^OQ^led tin ten o'clock, monday next, A. M. 

Siflember^ 25/A day at ten o*dock^ according to appointment^ post precu 
Hdtnmt qui mpra. 

Mr. Samuel Davia fave the reasons of his several years absence, which 
nmn were sustainieq. 

Tlie consideration of the regulation of Presbyteries further delayed. 

The letter to the peof>le of Whiteclay creek was brought in, read, and 
i|ipioTed. 

Adjoomed till three o'clock precisely, P. M. ^ 

Thrte 6* clocks P, M, Post preces sedertmt^ iu. 

The consideratioik of the regulation of Presbyteries deferred ut nqtra. 

Mr. GiOesine proposing to the Synod a review of their last year's minutes 
with relation to Mr.. Robert Cross, in order that they might be altered or 
aanoDed, it was voted the said minutes should not be annulled or altered. 

The question being put whether answers in writing should be made by the 
%aod, to Mr. Gill^pie's protestations and objections against the procednie 
flf Ihs Sjmod with lelation to Mr. Robert Cross his affair, and it was canried 
ia the negative. 

Mr. Pierson appointed to preach here to-morrow night. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock tOrmorrow„ A. M. 

26/A day, at ten o^ clocks A. M. poMtpreces sederunt qtti stmra. 
The overture brought in upon Mr. GiHespie's second paper deferreiL 
Adjoun^' till three o'clock precisely, P. M. 

Jit three o'clock^ P. M, post preces sederunt^ tic. 
The overture brought in upon Mr. Gillespie's second paper, further de« 
lajred. 

A reference from the Presbytery of Long-Island being made to this Synod, 
« to a further cognoscing on the affair of the trustees of New Haven college, 
(heir sending missionaries to erect a new separate congregation in New York ; 
and we having inspected into the conduct of the said Presbytery in that affair, 
though we cannot see how their conduct cau: be disapproved ; yet considering 
that the gentlemen trustees have, by a letter, desirea a conference with some 
of our Synod upon that and other affairs, we now defer giving our Synodical 
jidgment thereon, that so we may not hinder their desired amicabte conference 
viAius, in case any such conference be appointed. 

A letter from the trustees of the college of New H^ven being read, wherein 
thef have desired that this Synod would, send some of their number to meet 
lad amicably treat with them about the great affairs of religion in general, and 
about the unhappy difference at New York in particular. The Synod in 
aaiwer to these great and good ends, do appoint the Presbytery of Long- 
Uand, or as many of their number as the said Presbytery shall nominate and 
amwint to meet, and Christianly confer with the said trustees upon the fore- 
aaid articles, at Stanford, on the 25th day of October next, and that a letter be 
written in answer to their». 

Ordered, That Masters Andjrews, McGill, and Thomson, do write said 
letter, and bring it in to-morrow afternoon. 

The committee for bills and overtures to meet at eight o'clock, to-morrow 
looming. 
Adjourned till ten o'clock, to-morrow morning.. 

6» 



65 MINUTES OF THB 

27th day. Jliten o^doek. Poiipreces^ tederunt^ ^e. 

The overture brought in upon Mr. Gillespie's second paper, further de- 
layed. 

Ordered, That each minister of this Synod do pay a shilling to the do(» 
keeper. 

An overture being brought in from die committee of bills and overturesi 
that Mrs. WOson should have of the fund four pounds ten shillings, Ifr. 
Evans two pounds ten shillings, the said overture was approved by the 
Synod. 

The people of Birmingham addressing the Synod for a suppljr of preach- 
ing the gospel unto them, that matter was referred to the Presbytery of Neif 
Castle. 

Adjourned till three o*clock,.P. M.. 

TTiree o^ehck^ P. M. Post preciSf tederunt qui wpra. 

Whereas in page thirty-three of the Presbytery (now Synod,) book, then 
is a minute relating to Mr. Pierson's settlement at 'Woodbridge, the Synod st 
his instance, do declare their approbation of his conduct in settling there. 

The overture upon Mr. Giltespie*» second paper was reassumed, which 
was as followeth, via. 

As we have been for many years in the exereise-of Presbyterian goven- 
ment and Church discipline, as exercised by the Presbyterians in the belt 
reformed Churches, as far as the nature and constitution of this country will 
allow, our opinion is, that if any brother have any overtoie to offer to be 
formed into an act by the Synod, for the better canying on in the matters d 
our government and discipline, that he may bring it m- against next Synod. 

This overture was carried in the affirmative by a majority of votes, and (mt- 
dered bv vote to be recorded. 

Mr, Jonathan Dickinson, Mr. Malachi Jones, Mr. Joseph Morgan, Mr. 
John Pierson, Mr. David Evans, and Mr. Joseph Webb, entered &eir pro- 
testation against the above mentioned act, and the recording of it, and gave ia 
the reasons of their protest, which are in rdeniis. 

Ordered, That Mr. McGill and Mr. McNish draw up answers to the above- 
said protest. 

The Presbyter}' books were each of them, according to appointment, resd 
and approved by the Synod. 

Thf letter to the trustees of New Haven college was read and approved. 

Onlered, That Mr. Jedidiah Andrews do sign said letter in the name of the 
t^vnoil. 

• 

The affair of the regulation of Presbyteries, and tiie letters from Southamp- 
ton and Now York, deferred till n«rt Synod. 

Orertured, That a commission of the Synod be appointed to act in the 
name, and with the whole authority of the Synod, in all aflairs that shall 
come before them, and particulariy that the whole ^Sm of the fund be left to 
tlioir ct>iKliict« and that they be accountable to the Synod. 

Which overture was approved by the Synod, and Masters Greorge McNieh. 
Jedidiah Andrews, James Anderson, Samuel Pnmry, Malachi Jones, anc 
Kol>eH Cross, were appointed for said commissioiien, any three of them ti 
l>e a quorum. 

AdjounuHl till the third Wednesday in September next, and then to mee 
at Philadelphia, at two oVlock, posf meridiem. 

At a Synod held at Philaddiphia, 

^, September MlA, 1722. 

(The paucity of the members proMut was the leMon why they did no 
constitute yesteniay, according to anioiiitaieBt.) 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 67 

Poii preee$^ sederunt f 
Mmisten : Means, John Orme, John Thomson, Samuel Gelston, Samuel 
omry, Hugh Conn, Henry Hook, Robert Cross, William Stewart, John 
fdbMBT, Moses Dickinson, Daniel McGill, Jedidiah Andrews, George GiUes- 
ie, C^eorge McNish, Malachi Jones, David Evans, Joseph Morgan, Jona- 
Im Diekmson, James Anderson. 

Messrs. Joseph Webt>, William Tennent, Samuel Davis,. John Pierson, 
ekn Clement, George Philips, Joseph Lamb, ministers, were absent. 
Elders present were : Messrs. John Budd, John Gardner, Joseph Charles- 
north, James Parry, Joseph Woodroof, Edward Holmes, David Miller, 
U^nd Wallis, and Enoch Armitage. 

Mr. John Thomson was chosen moderator, and Mr. David Evans was 
ebosen cleric. 
The minutes of the last Synod ordered to be read. 

Mr. Jd^ Bradner gave his reasons for his absence last year, which were 
Muned. 

Mr. J<HiBlhan Dickinson, the- moderator of the last Synod, preached a 
lynodieal sermon, from 2 Thn;. iii. 17. 

Masters Jedidiah Andrews, Jonathan Dickinson, George McNish, Robert 
GiOM, with the moderator, are appointed for a committee for bills and over- 
tan; and it is recommended to all the rest of the members of the Synod to 
Attend upon* said committee as they can and see cause 

And it's agreed by the Synod, that if any matter of difficulty happen to be 
wferred from any of our respective Presbyteries to the Synod, they may as 
they think meet, either bring it immediately to the Synod or to the aforesaid 
conunittee. 

Mr. Alexander Hutchinson, probationer, produoing sufficient credentials 
from the Presbytery of Glasgow was approved. 

Appointed, That Mr. Samuel Pumry preach heare to-morrow,, at eleven 
o'dodL in the morning. And Mr. McNish, and Mr. Alexander Hutchinson, 
to preach here next Sabbath day; and Mr. Robert Cross on the next Sab- 
m night; and Mr. James Anderson on the next Monday night. 

Appointed, That the committee for bills and overtures be also a committee 
for the fund, and that Mr. Hugh Conn, and Mr. James Anderson, be added 
tothem. 

Appointed, That the committee for overtures do meet to-morrow, at eight 
o'doek, ante meridiem, 

A letter from Mr. Joseph Webb, containing the reasons of his absence 
from the Synod, was produced by Mr. Jonathan Dickinson, and the reasons 
Were sustained. 

One Mr. Robert Laing, a minister of the gospel from Great Britain, being 
mived in Maryland, and as he was coming to this Synod was taken sick by 
the way, whose credentials from Great Britain were produced at this Synod 
^ approved, and he recommended to the Presbytery of New Casde for fur- 
ther direction. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. 

^t three o^ clocks post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Appointed, That Mr. Joseph Morgan, and Mr. Samuel Pumry, do revise 
Ae Presbytery book of New Castle. 

Appointed, l%at Mr. Malachi Jones, and Mr. Hugh Conn, do revise the 
hethytery book of Long Island. 

Appointed, That Mr. George Gillespie,, and Mr. Samuel Gelston, do revise 
the Presbytery book of Philadelphia. 

ItJbdng inquired what collections for the fund were made, it was found 



68 MINUTES OF THE 

that Mr. George McNUh, Mr. Jonathan Dickinaon, and Mr. William Stewart, 
have brought collections from their respective congregations, which they are 
ordered to deliver to the committee for the fund, and the rest of the ministen 
having t^iven their reasons why they brought no collections^ their reasom 
were sustained. 

The affair concerning the regulation of Presbyteries coming under consid- 
eration, it was ordered, that Mr. William Stewart do join to the Presbyleiy 
of New Castle. 

Mr. John Thomson preached at Whiteclay Creek, &e, according to ap- 
pointment. 

Mr. Andrews writ the letter, and also an extract of the last Synod's minute 
relating to Mr. Clement, to him, which were delivered to him by Mr. Thom- 
son, and the said Mr. Clement not appearing at this Svnod, his suspension is 
continued till he gives satisfiiction to the Synod. And it is by the Synod re- 
rommendcd xo all our Presbyteries, that if thev, or anv of them, before the 
next SyniHl, do hear that the said Mr. Clement does any where officiate u i 
minister, thov shall write to the people he officiates among, to inform them of 
the said Mr. dementis lying under the censure of the Synod. 

The Presbytery of Long Island report that they fulfilled the appointment 
o\^ the Synod with respect to the conference with the trustees of >iew Haven 
oollogo, tlio particular account of which conference is delayed till to-morrow. 

Onlored, That ever}' minister of this Synod give a shilling to the docn^ 
kooptT. 

Mr. McNish hath fulfilled the appointment of the last yearns S^-nod in an- 
sworinsr the pnitest of Mr. Jonathan Dickinson, Mr. Malachi Jones, iic.; i 
further inquir\* into which affair is delay eil. 

l)rtlort>d. That the commission of the Synod do bring in an account of aD 
liioir pnvi'etlings since the last Synod, to-morrow. 

Adjourned till ihire oVlock. poii meridiem^ lo-morrow. 

*2l dby. .it 3 ci^d^k. P. J/. pMiprteei Mediruni qui mpn. 

The affair relating to the confenence with the trustees of New Haven Cd- 
lej^* dolornM till lo-uiom^w. 

TI)o Atfair rt'laiin^ to Mr. Dickinson, Mr. Jones, Mr. Morgan* &c. their 
pn>ti>st liotVnxHl tiU :Uicrwanls. 

*V\w :itV:ur relaiiuj^ to the account from the commission of the Synod defe^ 
nvl till rtlVrw :iT\ls. 

Tho mVmx \x\^\\x\^ to Mr. Jv^hn Waluou transmitted from the committee, 
iii>\\ o.MuciK uiulrr «N>nsidcraiion. a reprcseniaiion whereof is contained in his 
Kuppliccuton, >vluch wo ha\e mi refmfif, 

Ot\\ct\\\, That \\w f^iA Mipphi>auon of Mr. Walton be read: Masters Jona- 
xUaw DiokinmMu Mv>sc» l^iAinson. Malachi Jone^ Joseph Morgan, James 
.\ntiot>«M)« A\\x\ Jt>hn l^tihl, wiih Mr. Wnluin, being fint removed, while the 
M holo m:ui:\^mcnt ol" this atfair fthall lasu 

'VUi* S\ n«>d h:)\ u\j:, with much JH>n<M]snr^ and deliberation, considered the 
wholr Atf^K. :«ml all tho particular bnuichos of it, canae to the foDowing oon- 

'V}\:\\ !\o\voxr»r they )udjz\r> iho TV^bytrrx- of Mai«)enhead's proceeding to 
"u«i|^Mi,l Mr. XX alt«\n, Koiujt absent, wnhoani, the oi-ideiK*es not being con- 
(Wniril, ('«{sviaU\ iUcw proo«Hshnc )*> publu^ the said suspension, with the 
i^*<«on ihrnsM. M lV'««i«>ks, botVwr the matter was judicially cleared, was 
wsw wfiuUi . >r» iho ohAVsr with wh^oh Mr. Walwn is charged being after- 
\v<r*U ■iu)io(ontl\ pixMtsl, was i«si pN^nd *>!' suspoaakm if the Presbyter}* 
\\^A W>v\y ^y^^^xv ttohlvvato, an«l tho maitr r oi' chai^ against him lormaUy made 
a)^|vn\ IvtxHN' ih« mi)n'cii\|{ the ««ennu^ » it was aiknra^ And farther, 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 69 

Ae ^niod juSgeth that Mr. Walton's behaviour towards, and treatment of the 

wmi Presbytery in many of his expressions, particulariy those contained in 

Uiiddress to the Synod, wherein he designs them in general and particular^ 

will diminutive and deriding tides, and speaks of them and their proceeding 

wjkm air of disdain, was very abusive and insolent, and every way unsuit- 

A ad unbecoming for any private Christian, and much more a candidate 

for ifae ministry to use towards ministers of the gospel, whose universal cha- 

Mer hitherto hath been without blemish. 

iiyoumed till, eight o'clock precisely to-morrow, A. M. 

' tUdajfot 8 o^chckt according to appointment^ post preces tedenmt qui 
tupua* 

The affair relating to the conference with the trustees of New Haven Col- 
k^; also the affair relating to Mr. Dickinson, Mr. Jones, Sic. their protest; 
aw the affair relating to the commission of the Synod, deferred till after- 
vnds. 

A further consideration of Mr. Walton's business delayed till next Mon- 
day. 

A reference by the Presbytery of New Castle, held at Cohanzy /)ro renata^ 
being made to this Synoc^ comes now under our consideration ; and after a 
bog and patient hearmg of both parties, and considerable deliberation being 
baa upon the same, it was universally agreed, that a committee be chosen to 
ooDsioer further upon the particulars of that affair, and to bring in overtures 
upon every particular of it against next Monday morning. Tlie members of 
ue said committee to be Masters George McNish, Jonauiau Dickinson, Mo- 
tM Dickinson, Jedidiah Andrews, John Budd, Samuel Gelston, Samfuel Pum- 
7i James Anderson, together with all the members of the Presbytery at 
Cohanzy, pro re no/a, together with Mr. McGill; which committee is to 
meet at four o'clock, this altemoon. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock, on Monday morning. 

J3t eight 0* clock on Monday rpoH precen sederunt qui ntpra. 

The affair relating to the conference with the trustees of New Haven Col- 
kge; also the affair relating to Mr. Dickinson, Sec. and the protest; and also 
w affair relating to the commission of the Synod, deferred till afterwards. 

The committee on the affair of Mr. Hook, not having finished what was 
nnunitted to them, the said business is deferred till afterwards. 

The business of Mr. Walton reassumed. 

Mr. Walton being called in, and largely discoursed with again respecting 
Ma case, he not being satisfactory in his expressions, the Synod appointed two 
of their number, eilicet the moderator and Mr. McNish, to confer with him 
privately, and make report to the Synod. 

The brethren appointed to confer with Mr. Walton, report, that his carriage 
with them was much as before the S3mod. Whereupon the Synod concluded 
to allow him till four o'clock this afternoon to consider further of his affair, 
and tfiat then he deliver his mind to the Synod in writiniif as fully as he 
thinks fit ^ ^ 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. 

M 3 o'clock^ P. M. poet preces sederunt qui supra. 

The affairs deferred the last sederunt^ further deferred. 

The affair of Mr. Walton reassumed. 

The said Mr. Walton gave in an additional acknowledgment of his misde- 
BKanoiirs in writing, which being read, the question was put, whether it was 
wtisCactory pro tanto^ and it was resolved in Uie affirmative. 



70 MINUTES OP THB 

The Synod aA^ long and free debate upon the whole of Mr. Walton's 
affair, do order and appoint as foUoweth; that Ae said Mr. Walton is sus- 
pended from preaching in any place for three Sabbaths next ensoingy and thst 
hid acknowledgment and confession given in* this day to the Synod* so fir 
only as it concerns his miscarriages committed at Newark, shall in his own 
words be read publicly in open congregation on the last of the three Sabbadis; 
where it is ordered that Mr. Walton shall be present and own the said ac- 
knowledgment and confession given in to us before the congregation then and 
there assembled ; which done, the minister a^ppointed to preach that day, shall 
authoritatively take off the suspension. Mr. Pumry is appointed to preadi 
at Newark the said Sabbath. Mr. George Gillespie, Mr. David Etsos, Mr. 
John Orme, and Mr. John Gardner, dissented against the linHled suspniaioa 
of Mr. John Walton. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

At eight o'clock, A. M. according to appointment^ post prects aederuHi 

qiH supra. 
The affairs deferred the last sederunt, further deferred. 
Adjourned till three o*clqck, post merid. that the committee might have time 
to complete the overtures upon the affair of Cohanzy. 

At 3 6* clock, P. M. according to appointment^ post preces sederunt fi 

supra. 
The affair of Mr. Hook reassumed, 

The committee appointed to brinff in overtures upon the several artidsi 
alledged against Mr. Hook, brought m their overtures which are as ibllowi. 

1. Ovcrtured, That inasmuch as the first crimination against Mr. Hookii 
of several years date ; and by the confession of the parties offended, k)Dg 
since satisfied for, and as appears to us from an ill motive, that it be therefoie 
rejected, which overture was approved of by the Synod. 

2. Overtured, That the Synod disapprove of Mr. Fithian's publicly charg- 
ing Mr. Hook with a lie relating to a bargain of a horse, not only witfaost 
evidence, but when the evidences he produced witnessed against him; whidt 
overture was approved of by the Synod. 

3. Overtured, That Mr. Hook is chargeable with falsehood, and a itarf 
unnatural and uncharitable oonstruotion of Mr- Sealy's letter, in representing 
him as saying, that Mr. Hook's fingers and toes were out off in beland ^ 
stealing. Which overture, by a majority of votes, was approved by the SyneiL 

4. Overtured, That Mr. Hook cannot be charged with a lie respecting the 
shooting match, inasmuch as he might truly say, he did not inform tlie jus* 
tices, but only admonished them of theur duty« Approved by a majority of 
voles of the Synod. 

5. Overtured, That Mr. Hook was chargeable with fblly and levity unbe- 
coming a gospel minister in the sham marriages alleged. Approved by ^ 
Svnod. 

6. Overtured^ That Mr. Hook might have been asleep, notwithstanding of 
what appears by Joseph Brooks and Benjamin Davis, their evidences; there* 
fore, after long and mature deliberation upon it, we left it doubtful. Which 
was approved by the Synod. 

7. Aa to the charge of obscene actions expressed in Ephraim Sealy's depo- 
sition, Mr. Hook hath confessed the whole with much seeming sorrow and 
grief before the Synod. Upon the whole, Mr. Hook being called in and by 
tlie moderator desired to declare his thoughts concerning the other articles of 
which he was concluded guilty by the Synod, he made an aoknowledgment 
as to ever}' particular, and professed a sincere sorrow and lepentance for the 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 71 

•Which together with the acknowledgment by him before made, with 

j^jdioii to the artwle contained in Ephraim Sealy's evidence, wa« accepted by 

** ^ at a aatia&ctory evidence of his sincere repentance. Upon whidk 

apent a eonaiderable time in debating and deliberating upon the 

d ctice of censure to be inflicted upon Mr. Hook for the abovesaid 

« At last the question was proposed, suspend or not. The resdu- 

of which is deferred till to-morrow morning. 

' till nine o'clock, to-morrow, asnlt merid. 

Jk itine tfdoek^ «f . AT. according to appoinimeni, pott preces sedenmt fui 

• Jtcprci* 

Yhe anairs deferred the last tcdemnt deferred further. 

The abovementioned question relating to the suspension or nonnraspension 
i Mr. Hook, being proposed, it was, by a great majority of votes carried in 
he afirmative. It being again questioned, whether his suspension should be 
pMI or indefinite, it was by a majority of votes carried indefinite. 

Upon the whole, the Synod have appointed, that Mr. Daniel McGlU, Mr. 
Mioiah Andrews, Mr. James Morgan, and Mr. Robert Cross, do meet at 
hoield meeting-house upon the tlurd Thursday of October next ensuing, 
■1 then and there they or any one of them, have power to take off the sus- 
|Mon, if no sufficient reason to the contrary appears. And further, it is 
iriffsd that one of the said ministers do preach at the said meeting-house, 
wA also, that the said ministers do publicly read a full extract of the Synod's 
■antes relating to Mr. Hook, and that Mr. Hook make his public acknow- 
MlBait viva voce or in writing, as he thinks fit, in order to his being 
Mrad M aforanid. 

^fU^mmtA till thiee o'clock, P. M. 

^Ikrse a^cloekt P. M. according to appointminl^ post preces sederunt qui 

wpra* 
. fkB Frertiytnry of Long- Island gave in their report to the Synod, that a 

S'tlee of dieir Presbyiery met a number of the trustees of New-Haven 
^ aoeording to the appointment of the Synod, and have given a large 
VBOQBt in writing, of their proceedings with said trustees, whereby the Synod 
h-SQBvinced tfiat diey, though without the desired success, have done what 
tqF.eonkl lelatinff to the union with Connecticut ministers, and removing 
iais diiiereneea between them and our Presbytery of Long-Island, by the 
fcyjjar division of the congregation at New York, and the trustees sending 
VNioimriei to proach there. Upon the whole, the Synod approves of the con- 
iMIof tiie Presbytery of Long-Island in the whole afiair as it was managed 
kfi Aemt boA since last Synod and formerly. 

Mr. Hook desiring to be joined to New Castle Presbytery, it was granted. 

(kdeced. That Mr. John Pierson do supply Mr. Pumry's congregation that 
hUmth in which Mr. Pumrv is to be at Newark about Mr. Walton's busi- 
Mi; and that on the same day Mr. Webb supply Mr. Pierson's people. 
. Ihe affair of Mr. Jonathan Dickinson, &c. his protest reassumed. 

A4Joiimed till eight o'clock, to-morrow, ante merid. 

Jh dghi o'dockf A. M. according to appointment^ post preces sederunt 
qui supra* 

Hie biethren who entered their protestation against the act for allowing any 
Mher or member of this Synod, to bring in any overture to be formed into 
H set by the Synod, for the better carrying on in the matters of our govern* 
mMtaad discipliney &c The said brethnsn Protestants, brought in a paper 
fjlir artirkif , tmtifying in writing their sentiments and judgment concerning 



72 MINUTES OF THE 

church government, which wm ippioved by tiie Synodt and ordered by Ub 
Synod to be recorded in the Synod book. Likewise the said brethren beinj 
willing to take back their protestation against said act, together with their rea 
sons given in drftMO of said protest; the Synod doth hereby order that tb 
protest, together with the reasons of it, as also the answers at the appointmoi 
of the Synod given in to the reasons alleged by Mr. Daniel McOiU and Mr 
George McNish, be all withdrawn ; and that the said act remain and be ii 
all respects as if no snch protest had been made. The articles are as Ibi 
loweth. 

1. We freely grant, that there is full executive power of church govero* 
ment in Presbyteries and Synods, and that they may authoritatively, in the 
name of Christ, use the keys of church discipline to all proper intents and 
purposes, and that the keys of the church are committed to the church offioen 
and them only. 

2. We also grant, that the mere circumstantials of church discipline, soch 
as the time, place, and mode, of carrying on in the government of the Church, 
belong to ecclesiastical judicatories to determine as occasions occur, conform- 
able to the general rules in the word of God, that require all things to be done 
decendy and in order. And if these things are called ac/i, wewdl take do 
offence at the word, provided that these acts be not imposed upon such as 
conscientiously dissent from them. 

3. Wc also grant, that Synods may compose directories, and recommeod 
them to all their members, respecting all the parts of discipline, provided ihii 
all subordinate judicatories may decline from such directories when they con- 
scientiously think they have just reason so to do. 

4. We freely allow that appeals may be made from all inferior to superior 
judicatories, and that superior judicatories have authority to consider and de* 
termine such appeals. 

Malachi Joinss, 
Joseph Morgan, 
Jonathan Dickinsok, 
David Evans. 

The Synod was so universally pleased with the abovesaid composure of 
their difference, that they unanimously joined together in a thanksgiving 
prayer, and joyful singing the one hundred and thirty-third psalm. 

The supplications of the people of New Castle, and the people of Tree 
Dyffryn, referred from the committee for bills and overtures to the Synod, 
referred to the commission of the Synod. 

A representation being made by some of our members of the earnest desires 
of some Protestant dissenting families in Virginia, together with a comfortable 
prospect of the increase of our interest there, the Synod have appointed thiS 
Mr. Hugh Conn, Mr. John Orme, and Mr. William Stewart, do each of 
them severally visit said people, and preach four Sabbaths to then^ between 
this and the next Synod. 

Some members expressing their fears lest Mr. John Walton should not be- 
have himself orderly, the Synod do appoint that Mr. George McNish, Mr. 
James Anderson, and Mr. Samuel Pumry, or any two of them, do, in the 
Synod's name, judicially deal with him, upon information, as they shall sec 
proper. 

I'he Presbytery books of Philadelphia and Long Island were brought in, 
and approved by the Synod. 

The commission of the Synod appointed last year, continued with the same 
powers until the next Synod. 

The review of the minutes of this present Synod, and all the affairs of the 
fund, with whatever emergencies may oocoTt vefened to the aaid comnCtiMioDi 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 73 

Adjomnad till die diifd Wednesday of September next, and dien to meet 
i^Fhiladelphia, at two o'clock, afternoon. Concluded with prayer. 



'-=ii 



PhUadtlphia, September the 18/A, 1728. 
S^od met according to appointment, vbi post preces sedenmif (Mr. 
being modeirator, pro tempore^ and Mr. Cross clerk.) 
WaMten: Mefsrs. Daniel McGill, Malachi Jones, Jedidiah Andrews, 
Anderson, Greoige Gillespie, Hugh Conn, David Evans, William 
Henry Hook, Robert Cross, Thomas Evans, Alexander Hutchinson, 
Dickinson, John Pierson, Robert Laing. 

: Messrs. John Budd, John Gardner, James Abraham, Robert Will- 
David Evans, Esq'r., Peter Bushel. 
~ Ifiaiiteis absent: Messrs. Thomson, Orme, Moses Dickinson, Webb, 
Fteij, Gelston, Tennent, Morgan, Davis, Bradner, Philips, Lamb. 
Ad|oiimed till eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

19 day. At eight o'ebck^ according to appointment, post preces udt' 

runty qui supra. 
Mr. Biadner, Mr. Orme, and Mr. Webb, giving reasons of their absence 
If letter, their reasons were sustained. 

Messrs. James Anderson, Hugh Conn, George Gillespie, and Robert 
Qmbb, being put upon the Leet in order to the choice of a moderator, Mr. 
laws And^son was chosen, and Mr. Cross was chosen clerk. 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last Synod be read. 
Mr. Thomson, the moderator of the last Synod, being absent by reason of 
Akness, Mr. Andrews opened the Synod by preaching a synodical sermon 
■■I Piov. zi. 80. 

Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Jonathan Dickinson, Daniel McGill, Huffh 
CoBD, Robert Cross, with the moderator, are appointed for a committee lor 
He snd overtures ; and it is recommended to all the rest of the members of 
t» Afnod to attend upon the said committee as they can and see cause. 

Mr. Malachi Jones, and Mr. David Evans, dissent from appointing any 
ttsaitlee for bills and. overtures. 

Mr. Jonathan Dickinson appointed to preach to-morrow night, Mr. Stewart 
Hit Sabbath in the forenoon, Mr. Hutchinson in the afternoon, and Mr. 
Cbssatniflht 

Airaed Siat the committee for bills and overtures be also a committee for 
*e&id. 
Mr. Jones and Mr. Pierson appointed to revise the Presbytery book of 
Oasde; and Mr. Gillespie and Mr. Stewart that of Long Island. The 
ftm byUay book of Philadelphia was forgot to be brought hither. 

it being inquired what collections were made for the fund, it was found 
iMI Messrs. Jones and Anderson have done somewhat in that affair, as like- 
wise die congregation at Newark, per Mr. Jonathan Dickinson, which they 
■• oidered to deliver to the committee of the fund. And the rest of the 
haying given their reasons why they brought no collections, the 
were sustained; and it is recommended to all the members of the Synod 
I dieir diligence to bring collections to the next Synod. 
Ordered, That the commission of the Synod do bring in an account of all 

proeeedings to-morrow morning. 
The Synod having inquired what was done in the affair relating to Mr. 
Vidloo, round diat Mr. Pumry did not go to Newark as appointed, by reason 
sf siekniess, as likewise that Mr. Walton, (without any authority,) read his 
siknowledgment and absolved himself. Upon which the Synod, having cob- 
'*' * the whole affair, put it to vote whether the suspension was taken off, 
7 



74 lUNUTBS OF TQ£ 

and it was carried in the negative. And the Synod does faHhtpr appoint the 
Presbytery of Long blind, together with Mr. Jonatfian Dickinson, Mr. Mop 
gan, and Mr. Pieiacm, to be a committee to transact in the whole afTair reial 
ing to Mr. Walton* and to remove or continue the suspension as they shai 
see cause. 
Adjourned to three o'clock. po9i meridiem. 

EML teriia poei meridiem^ poei freeee eedenmif fmi wpm. 

The Synod approves of the conduct of die committee in absolving Mr. 
Hook. 

Messrs. Hofh Conn, John Orme* and William Stewart, fnlfiDed their ^ 
pointments wim respect to Virginia. 

The Presbytery of New Casde having referred a case lo Che Synod widi 
respect to Mr. Robert Laing, upon whom they passed die eeusuies of rebuket 
suspension, and deposition, for vii^ting the Lord*s day, by washing himfcli 
in a creek, and for his indiscreet carriage to the Presbytery at the time of his 
rebuke, the Synod, after matnre deliberation upon that aflair, with the conmr- 
ring circumstances, particularly Mr. Laing*s indisposition at that time, and 
expectation of service from diat action, do judge thooe eeu s u re s of sospensioi 
and deposition were too severe, and do therdbre repeal them; ahhoiigh «e 
can't but Judge Mr. Laing guilty of several very nnbeeoming impnidaieiei« 
worthy of rebuke, rdatmg to diat affair. Mr. Bobert Cross and Mr Thonss 
Evans, members of tiat P r es by te r y, did not agree to the senlence of depo- 
sition when it was passed. 

A letter from the people of Virginia being read, die considention of it was 
deferred till to-morrow morning. 

The committee appointed to meet at eight oVloek to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till nine o'doek, snle Mm&m, toHuonow. 



20 dloy. Sbrd wma anie meridiem^ eederwU qm Jtipni. 

The aflair of Virginia reassnmed. The Synod having smonsly eoosado^ 
ed said aflair, do appoint Mr. Hugh Conn, Mr. John Orne, and Mr. Wflliui 
Stewart, each of them to preach four Lord's days before next Synod lo dut 
people, and it is recommended to Mr. Jonathan Dickinson lo preach to said 
people before next Synod, some Sabbath davs, and in case he goes thidier, 
that then Mr. Pierson, Mr. Webb, and Mr. Moses Dickinson, do snpfdy \m 
congreiFation with preaching. 

And it is further Ordeied, That Mr. Jones and Mr. Andrews write a leuer 
to the people of Virginia. 

And it b further Ordered, That Mr. Hutchinson supply Mr. Stewart's con- 
gre^»iivH) two Sabbaths during his absence in Virginia. 

AuU it is Ordered, That aietter of address be writ to the Gtnrenior of Vir- 
ginia, by Messrs. Dickinson and Cross, and that die said letter to the peoplf 
of Viixtiiia« and also this, be tamfhl into the Synod for appiofantion. 

A letter from the ministers of Connecticut to this Synod, deainng a coo- 
Herence with some of the ministefs of this Synod, in order lo the healing ol 
those divisions in the Pre^yierian congregration in New York, being reai! 
and maturely eon«idered, it w^ ordered* ^that a letter be writ to the minister 
of CiNinectkHit in answer to diein, to diank them for their concern about dii 
mtere«t of religiou iu New York, ami their proposing a conference widi som 
iif i» uk order to heal the division in die Presbvnian congrecation there, aw 
lo aignify our heartv eonewvenco with dieir propoanL Andwidol to signify 
imr appfvhensiotis that die pbee proposed for a confoience* is noc so likel* 
a> answer the good initntioai exisrcsscd in ifanr Ittanr » New York wooU be 
iMkl dieivfoto In «lMiio tbrm lo ssmI sssm ef iMr Mmlrr lo necc with warn 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 75 

of oqn diere« on the twenty-third of October next. Messrs. Andrews, Dickin- 
•QBt M<»|^« Philipst Cross, and McGiU, appointed to meet the said minis- 

Cat New York, at the time before mentioned, and are empowered to act in 
■ame and with the full power of the Synod, in the affair proposed. But 
if the said Connecticut ministers decline coming to New York at the time 
SMtioned, the aforementioned members of the Synod are empowered to 
■act them at any otiier time and place for the said purpose, as they shall 
imk. reasonable. And if the good ends proposed, relating to New York, be 
tfihe conference happily accomplished, me Synod recommends it to those 
|f Atir mepibers afore appointed for said conference, to treat with said minis- 
tn of Connecticut about an union with us, and empower them to concert and 
eiKhde npon any methods that may conduce to that end. Mr. McGill and 
Mr. Conn appointed to write the abovesaid letter. 
. Adjonmed till three o*clock, post merid. Concluded witii prayer. 

Horn iertia, post merid. sederunt qui supra. 

The Synod according to an overture of tiie committee, resolved themselves 
flhi an interloquitur, to consider a case of conscience proposed b^ George 
WiDiaaMoii, with respect to his call to the ministry, and after havmg heard 
As mne, desired a further consideration of it till to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till eight o*elock to-morrow morning. 

219/ day. Hora ociava, ante merid. sederunt qui svpra. 

The affair oi said George Williamson reassumed. 

The ministers of the Synod having seriously and deliberately considered 
ikie abofe case, do, nemine eontradicente^ agree in judgment, that the said 
penon has not any regular call that way ; for though we are satisfied as to his 

a and godly life, yet we think he wants necessary qualifications required 
woid of God for a gospel minister, and therefore advise him to continue 
il die Tocsfion wherein he is called, and endeavour to be useful as a private 
Chiiitian* 

The letter to the people of Virginia was read and approved. 

The Presbytery book of Long-Island revised and approved. 

Hie Presbytery book of New Castie revised and approved. 

Hie eommission of the Synod having rendered an account of their acting in 
the name of the Synod, it was approved. 

Adjoomed till four o'clock, post merid. 

Hord tertia, post merid. sederunt qui 8upra. 

A letter to the Governor of Virginia was read and approved. 

Upon a supplication from the congregationof Tree-Dyffrin, for some thing 
fam the fund, it was overtured by the committee, that five pounds be given to 
and people, which overture was approved by the Synod. 

From a like supplication from the people of Octararo and Hanover, it was 
siw tufed that three pounds be given to each of them ; this overture was agreed 
to; as likewise to give three pounds to Mrs. Wilson, and one pound to Mr. 
Aadiews for recording. 

Meemeurs Jones, Andrews, Anderson, Dickinson, Cross, and Evans, to be 
Ae eommission of the Sjnod with the same power as formerly. Ordered, 
that the minntes be revised by the commission of the Synod. Upon reading 
Ae Hst of ministers the Synod found, to their great grief, that Mr. McNish 
was dead. 

Adjourned till the third Wednesday of September next, and then to meet at 
P fcili d ul ^iia> at two o'elock, afternoon* Concluded with prayer. 



76 MINUTES OF THE 

PhUade^Ma, September I6IA, 1724. 

The Synod met according to appointment, tiln poet preces eedenmtf 

Ministers: Messrs. Mal^hi Jones, Jedidiah Andrews, James AndersoDi 
George Gillespie, Hugh Conn, David Evans, Henry Hook, Robert Cross, 
John Bradner, Thomas Evans, Alexander Hutchinson, John Pierson, Johi 
Orme, Robert Laing, Thomas Craighead, John Thomson, Moses Dickinson, 
Samuel Pumry. 

Elders : Messrs. John Budd, John Gardner, James Parry, Abraham Golder, 
Peter Bushell, John Kale, Enoch Armitage. 

Ministers absent: Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, William Stewart, Josepli 
Webb, Joseph Morgan, Samuel Gelston, William Tennent. 

Mr. Anderson opened the Synod by preaching a sermon upon 2 Cor. 
v. 20. 

Mr. George Gillespie was chosen moderator, and Mr. Robert Cross, clerk. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning at eight o'clock. Concluded with 
prayer. 

Die lltno. at eight o'chek^ ante merid. post preeee sederunt qui sufnu 

Mr. Webb and Mr. Tennent gave by letters the reasons of their absence, 
which were sustained. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last Synod be read. 

Mr. Pumry and Mr. Thomson gave the reasons of their absence last year, 
which were sustained. 

Masters Andrews, Anderson-, Thomson, Pierson, Cross, Jones, and Codb, 
were appointed to be a committee for the fund, and for any other business the 
Synod shall recommend to them. 

Mr. Moses Dickinson appointed to preach on Friday night. 

Messrs. Pumry and Bnulner appointed to revise the Presbytery book of 
New Castle. Masters Orme and Hook that of Long-Island. The F^bytery 
book of Philadelphia was wanting by reason of Mr. Jonathan Dickinson's 
absence. 

It being inquired what collections were made for the fund, it was found that 
Messrs. Andrews, Anderson, Thomson, and Evans, had brought collections, 
and they were ordered to deliver them to the committee for the fund. And 
the rest of the ministers having given their reasons why they brought no col- 
lections, the same were sustained. And it is recommended to all the members 
of the Synod, to use their utmost diligence to bring collections to the next 
Synod. 

The Synod having inquired what the committee did on the affair of Mr. 
Walton, did approve of their conduct and management, the account whereof 
is as folioweth: '* New York, October 25, 1723. At a meeting of the com* 
mittee of the Synod, relating to the affair of Mr. Walton. Present, Messrs, 
Joseph Morgan, James Anderson, Samuel Pumry, Robert Cross, and Jonathai 
Dickinson. 

'* Mr. Morgan chosen Moderator, and Mr. Dickinson, clerk. 

**• After deliberate eonsideration of Mr. Walton's ease, and particular hear 
ing several scandalous allegations against him, by letters and otherwise, am 
his answers unto them, die question was pot, whether from what we hai 
heard we had inst grounds to take off the suspension laid on him by the Synod 
and we agreed in the negative nemine eontradieente, 

*' Ordered, That Mr. Morgan write to the people of EastrChester, where h< 
has lately preached, informing them of this our oondusion. 

*' Resolved, That the committee of the S3niod convene to transact wha 
shall appear hxfhtn needful in the ease of Mr. Wdtoo, whm Means. Ander 



SYNOD OF PHUJU)£IJ>HIA. 77 

toOtPonury, and Cross, shall give notice to the other members of the com- 

nuttee. 
"Th^ moderator being desired by the committee, after reading the above 

ndnln to Mr. Walton, to give him an admonition, to use more care, watch- 
Mmi, and circumspection for the future, Mr. Walton did not only exchim 
aflut our conclusion, and declare he never would have any more concern 
vAuv of our judicatories, but also refused to hear any exhortation; telling 
utbthe did not want any exhortation from us, and that he always thought 
thtf itwas al^ an intrigue, but was willing to try us once more, and in an 
vmj manner rushed away from us.*' 

Mr. Dime ful61led the appointment of the Synod with respect to his 
pRtehinff in Viiginia; Mr. Conn did not, and gave his reasons, which were 
Muned; Mr. Stewart did not, the reasons not known, he beinff absent 
The Synod approves of the conduct 'of the committee appomted to meet 

wiA tfie ministers from Connecticut, to confer about the affaurs of the Pres- 

^ifkma congregation in New York, though their endeavours proved unsuc- 

oeisful. 
The Synod having received a letter from Georffe Williamson, expressing 

tone dissatisfaction with the judgment of the S3mod in bis case last year, they 

tppoinled Mr. Andrews and Mr. Thomson to write a letter to him in answer 

to his, and bring it into the Synod for approbation. 
A letter from the people of Virginia being read and considered, the Synod 

iuife referred that whole affair to the Presbytery of New Castie, and orders a 

letter to be writ to said people, by Messrs. Pierson and Pumry, and to bring 

it to the Synod for approbation. 
Messieurs Jones, Andrews, Anderson, Jonathan Dickinson, Cross, and 

Enofl, continued to be the commissioners of the Synod, with the same power 

^ foraieily. 
Upon calling the roll it was found that Mr. McGill died since our last 

BjBod. 
Mr. Bradner having desired that he might be joined to the Presbytery of 

I<oitf>Island, and offered his reasons, they were sustained, and he was ordered 

lojom with said Presbytery. 
Ordered, That the committee for the fund, &c. meet at three o'clock, po9i 

Adjourned till dve o'clock, post merid. 

Hord qtiintOf post merid. post prer.es sederunt qui ntpra^ 

Mr. Moses Dickinson gave the reasons of his absence last year, which 
*eie sustained. 

Messrs. Andrews and Thomson brought in the letter to be sent to G^eorge 
Williamson, which was approved. 

Ordered, That the letter to Virginia be brought in at our next sederunt. 

The case proposed by Mr. Webb, being considered by the committee for 
OTertares, they made this overture upon it, viz : Overtured, that whereas the 
case IB delivered in such general and doubtful terms that we cannot judge of 
iti the consideration thereof be left to the Presbytery of Philadelphia; \diich 
overture was approved by the Synod. 

Mr. Tennent having written to the Synod for some supply out of the fiind, 
Ui request was denied, and Mr. Moses Dickinson and Mr. John Budd 
ordered to write a letter to him giving the reasons thereof, and to bring it in 
taiMirow morning. 

The overture of the committee, with reference to a supplication from some 
^tkt inhabitants of Perth Amboy, desiring sermons sometimes, beinff refixrred 
ta the Presbytery of Phfladelphia, was approved by the Synod, and Mr. An^ 
7* 



78 MIfiiniBB OP TUB 

denon was appointed to write a letter to them« and bring it in to-monow 
morning. 

The consideration of a letter from Kent coonty, aa likewiao of Mr. Peter 
Finches testimoniala, deferred till to-morrow morning. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet to-morrow morning* it 
eight of the clock. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock to-morrow morning. 

IKe 18mo. Hord decimaj ante meridiem^ tederunt fui wprtL 

The letter to be sent to Virginia was brought in and approved. 

A letter to be sent to Perth Amboy brought in and approved. 

A letter to Mr. Tennent brought in and approved. 

The affair of Mr. Finch and Kent county reaasumed. 

The Synod having read and considered Mr. Peter Finch hia testimoniilif 
do approve them* and do recommend him for further advice and direction H 
die Pn^sbytery of New Castle, and appoint Mr. Andrews to write a ktter ii 
0118 wor to tliat from the people of Kent county. 

Tlio overture of the committee to give five pounds to Mrs. WiUaon, as like- 
wim* the overture to give three pounds to the people of Broad Creek, were 
approved. 

Tho consideration of the Synod's meeting by delegates deferred to the next 
jfrfrrtin/. 

Onlorod, That the Presbytery book be brought in. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, po9t meridiem. 

Hord (ertia^ poit meridiem, Medenmi qm mpm. 
*rho Prosbytery books of New York and New Castle brought in andtp- 

The nttair relating to the Synod's meeting by delegates was taken into coo- 
nidomuoiu and afVcr reasoning upon the matter, it was at last put to the vote 
thun: Ap|)t>ar hv delegates or not f And it was carried in the affirmative; and 
likonino conolwted by vote, that the Presbytery of New Castle and PhikKM- 

{>hia do yoarly dclogato tlic half of their members to the Synod, and the Pm-> 
^vtory of li«>ng Island two of their number. And it is farther ordered, that 
Alt tho nioiuWrs of tho Synod do attend every third year; and that, if in the 
intonnu any thin^ of moment do occur, whereby the presence of all the mem- 
l>oni iu.iy bo thoufflit nooo^ary. they, (upon notice given by the commissioo 
or tho SuumU) ahall oarefully atteihl notwithstanding the above ddegation. 
And It iy turther agnHnU that oi-ery member of the Synod may attend as 
t'orrtKrlv if ihov »oo oausk^. 

\)^|Minto^U That tho next Synod mfiei at Philaddphia, upon the third Wed- 
no«*Uv of SoptrmKoT noxi* at two of the clock in the afternoon. 

t\>nohuUHi ^lih pra\-or« 

PhiSmUfSM^ September 15, 1725. 

'1^0 S\ n«>l met by their dok^(riaes according lo a]vpointaient. 

Oil jml preoes Mederw/U. 

y\\\y\%>cr% \Mfif^\(\\ : M^«»s. I^m^ GiUeiifiic^ Dand Evans, Heonr HocJl 
.VA«i^(^h HiM«ikh%n« \dam )Vn-d« M4dac}ii Jonois Jedidiah Andrews, Jonathai 
(WV^«^%n, M^ViW l>i*^ki«T^v^ Samw*) i^^'ilsiton. Wnijam Siewan. 

M\nv«ro\'* «>(Va^>«^AlN f^rr^ifioiDt : Mo«q^. Jamcf Andtrsoin, Jolm Thomioni 
Jot\w Tfo^'w.Nn^ K»^ci l»ain^, N«^x-w l^anv^ 

tNU^f* : Momt««. .^<)))n i^M\Wr« Jsiikv ASrahaim, TVottM Hkut, JMepl 
ttb^ti^« .tiisl^vi Han, J^-^A ^^v'At^ GMic:h Armit^^ 

Mv. ^^1W««i|^«^. the m^^^^'TMr of 4ie last SfMd, spcMd iha SfMslibj 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 79 

Hasten Thomas Craighead, and William Tennent, delegated ininisten» 

tre absent. 

Mr. Craif^ad sent the reasons of his absence by letter, which were sus- 

Bfid. 

Ifr. Darid Evans was chosen moderator, and Mr. Andrews clerk. 

The last year's minutes appointed to be read. 

Mr. Jonathan Dickinson, and Mr. Samuel Gelston, gave the reasons of tkeir 
kmee last year, which were sustained. 

Masters Andrews, Anderson, Thomson, Pierson, Jones, and Jonathan 
Dickinson, appointed to be a committee for the fund, and any other business 
he Synod shsdl recommend to them. 

Mr. Hook appointed to preach on Friday night. 

Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson and Pierson appointed to revise the Presby- 
tery book of New Castle. Messrs. Hook and Boyd that of Long Island. 
Htiiii. Gillespie and Houston that of Philadelphia. The revisers ordered 
Hiring in the Presbytery books to-morrow afternoon. 

Ordered, That those which have brought collections for the fund do deliver 
than tD the committee for the fund. 

Adjourned till eight oVlock to-morrow morning. 

16 day, at eight o^ clocks post meridiem^ sedenmt qui supra. 

The minute that the revisers bring in the Presbytery books in the afltemoon 
eoDtioued. 

Messrs. Jones, Andrews, Anderson, Jonathan Dickinson, Cross, and 
Erans, continued to be the commission of the Synod with the same power 
M niriBeily. 

Mr. Samuel Davis died since last Synod. 

Oidered, That the committee for the fund meet at three o'clock, fost 
NBTMnem. 

The Svnod having received a letter from Mr. John Walton, desiring us to 
ifpoint the Presbytery of Long Island to be a committee to judge in his case, 
itwai ordered, that an extract of the minutes of the Synod, relating to his 
ifiir, be sent to him. And it was further ordered, at the desire of the Pres- 
tvlny of Lone Island, that this affair be left as before, viz. to the Presbytery 
ciLmg Island, together with Messrs. Morgan, Dickinson, and Pierson, and 
te the said members have a copy of the said extract of minutes, to dispose 
tf as they shall see cause. 

Mr. Stewart being questioned touching his not going to Virginia according 
to appointment, the year before last, he alleged for excuse, bodily indisposi- 
tioa, which excuse was accepted by the Synod ; and, as to his absence last 
fear from the Synod, he brought his wife*s indisposition for a reason, which 
was sustained. 

Adjourned till five o'clock, post meridiem. 

At five o*clockj poet meridiem^ eederimi^ fye. 

There being, according to the report of the committee for the fund, by col- 
ketioiis and interest money brought in, the sum of ten pounds and three pence 
haU^penny, there was given by the Synod to Mrs. Willson five pounds; to 
Octoraia two pounds ; to Goshen two pounds ; to Mr. Anderson, on account 
of Mr. Finch, one pound; to the door-keeper the remainder, viz. seven shil- 
fiun and three pence half-penny. 

The Presbytery books were brought in and approved. 

Appointed, That the next Synod meet at Philadelphia, upon the third Wed- 
aaaday of September next, at two o'clock, afternoon. 

Coaefaded with prayer. 



80 MINUTES OF TH& 

PhUaddphia, Sqdmber 21, 172d. 

*The Sjmod met by their delegates according to appointment 

Ubi poitpreee9 HdenuKk - 

Ministers delegated: Messrs. Malachi Jones, Thomas Cfraigheady JediAA 
Andrews, Robert Cross, John Thomson, David Evans, Jose^ Webb, Ak» 
ander Hutchinson, Noyes Parris, Thomas Evans. 

Elders delegated: Charies Hoity, William Blair, John Snowden, Alettft- 
der MuUeston, James Abraham, Samuel Farrin, John Bravur, David Evmb 
Esquire. 

Masters Joseph Morgan, William Tennent, Hugh Conn, and Bobeit 
Stewart, delegated ministers^ were absent; and Mr. William Tennent was ab- 
sent also last year. 

Masters James Anderson, Joseph Houston, and Samuel Gelslon, irei6 
members occasionally present 

Mr. Thomas, Craighead was chosen moderator, and Mr. Webb clerk. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning, eight o'clock. 

22 dai/f at eight o'dock, A. M, Post preces, sedertmt qui ttqnn, 

Mr. David Evans, the moderator of the last Synod, opened the S3mod bjr 
preaching a sermon from Acts v. 42. 

Ordered, That the last year's minutes be read. 

Messrs. Jones, Andrews, Craighead, Anderson, Thomson, and Cross, ap- 
pointed to be a committee jfor the fund, and any other business the Synod 
shall recommend to them. 

Mr. Houston appointed to preach on Friday nigbt 

Mr. Thomas Evans and Mr. Alexander Hutchinson appointed to revise die 
Presbytery book of Long Island ; Mr. Noyes Parris and Mr. Joseph Webb 
appointed to revise the Presbytery book of New Castle. The Presbytery 
book of Philadelphia was not brought to the Synod. 

Inquiry being made who had made any collections for the fund, it was 
found that these following had done it, Mr. Malachi Jones, Mr. Robert Croaiff 
Mr. John Thomson, and Mr. David Evans. 

Ordered, That the ministers here present should represent to the several 
Presbyteries, that there be yearly something done for the fund as was formerly 
appointed. 

it appearinji that the commission of the Synod had done something relating 
to the fund, Ordered, That they bring in an account of it to the Synod to- 
morrow morning. 

The committee for the fund appointed to meet at three o'clock po$t mertd* 
together with the commissioners of the Synod. 

A reference from the Presbytery of Lon^-Island was brought in, and the 
papers relating to it were read, and the consideration of that a£ir deferred tiD 
next sederunt. 

Adjourned till five o'clock, post merid. 

At five o'cfocAr, P. M. postp'reces sederunt qui stqira. 

Ordered, That the Presbytery books that are here, be brought in by the 
members appointed to revise them, to-morrow morning. 

The commissioners of the Synod brought in an account to the S3mod oi 
what they had done respecting the change of a mortgage from Joseph Harri< 
son, which was approved. 

Ordered, That the affair referred to the Synod by the Presbytery of Long 
Island, be referred to the committee for an overture upon it, to be brought ii 
next sederunt. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA^ ' 81 

k lepiesentation being made from the Presbytery of New Castle, of the 

coodact of Mr. Gilbert Temient, respecting his leaving of New Castle, de- 

nniff^ judgment of the Synod in that affair; it was concluded that the said 

Mr. Ttanent's steps were too hasty and unadvised in several particulars ; and 

•MMfagly ordered the moderator to reprove him, and withal exhort him unto 

noR OQtion and deliberation in his future proceedings. 

Ik WiUiam Tennent, by his sob, offered the reasons of his absence, which 
vtteiQstained. 

. The committee appointed to meet to*morrow morning at eight o'clock. 
A^^Koned till ten o'clock to-morrow morning. 

9Bd day at ten o'clock^ A. M. poat preees sederunt qui amra. 
The Presbytery books that were here were brought in and approvedf. 
The committee met according to appointment, and brought in overtures 
upon the affair of New York congregation, (which was referred to the S3mod 
^ the Presbytery of Long-Island,) which overture, (after reading and mature 
liberation had upon them,) were unanimously approved, and ordered to be 
; tnoieiibed and inserted in our minutes. The overtures are as followeth: 
Overtured, That Doctor Nicholls' conduct, (as represented to us by the 
elders and representatives of the Presbyterian congregation of New York,) 
. appears unjustifiable and unbecoming the gospel; and we cannot but judge it 
to be so in the following respects, (until we are otherwise informed,) viz: 

1. In his disposing of the money sent from Great Britain for the payment 
tf the Church's debt, without consulting the representatives, who are equally 
ooQcemed with him in the affair. 

S. In refusing to cancel or deliver up the bonds paid with the puUic 
BHiDey. 

3. In exacting interest in such a rigorous manner, for money laid out for 
promotinff the interest of Christ, as he at first professed. 

4. In £sregarding the Presbytery, and not attending the Synod in the affair 
of the representation, when he was apprized that the affair was referred to the 
%iiod. 

5. In appl3ang to Boston for a minister without the concurrence of Pres- 
^fterj or Synod, or the elders and representatives of the congregation. 

Overtnred fiirther. That a letter be wrote to Dr. Nicholl, expressing the 
Quad of the Synod fully with respect to his conduct. And a letter to the 
Idlers of Boston not to countenance the Doctor in this matter, until he give 
ttMaetion. And a letter to the elders and representatives of New York con- 
{iMtion. 

Farther overtured, That the Synod, (as things now appear,) doth judge it 
lobe the duty of Doctor Nicholl, to give such satisfaction to the said represen- 
jstiTes in the affair of the public money and bonds, as will appear satisfactory 
indie judgment of the Synod or the commissioners of the Synod. Until 
whieh time the Synod cannot concur with him in any of his endeavours for 
obtaining a minister. 

Overtared, That the Synod are willing to contribute their best endeavours 
h the good of the congregation of New York, and (m case of Mr. Anderson's 
vsnonu,) take care to provide supplies for them wnile vacant, and provide a 
putor for them as soon as Providence may open a door. And for this pur- 
pote do recommend them to the care of the Presbytery of Long-Island, to 
^itith. they belong, together with such correspondents from the Presbytery of 
Huladdphia as may l^ thought needfiil. 

Orertoredy That Mr. An&rson, (according to his desire,) be left at his 
Berty to remove from New York, and to accept of a call from any other peo- 
ple as Phmdenoe may determine; and the congregation of New York be at 



82 MINnTES OF THE 

liberty to call another minister, (in an orderly way,) aa eoon as they AtSLpi^ 
ap what arrears appear justly due to Mr. Anderson. 

Overtured, That a letter be wrote to Mr. Smith in answer lo hk to ttf 
Synod, letting him know, that the Synod will not remit that money for wlM| 
Mr. McNislrs estate stands obli^, and that he take care lAxmt it; and Um^ 
wise a letter be wrote to Mr. William Tennent, of the same purport ^ ^^^ 

Ordered, That Messrs. Jones and Andrews write the letter to die nriiiiMm 
of Boston; Messrs. Thomson and David Erans to Dr. Nichdl; Metmk 
Thomas Evans and Webb to the congregation of New York; and MeflB^ 
Gelston and Parris, those to Mr. Tennent and Mr. Joseph Smith, and iStaiiitf 
be brought into the Synod to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. 

M 3 o'doek P. M. post preees tederunt qui iupr^ ' 

An appeal from some members of Mr. Houston's congregation being fis; 

sented to the Synod, auDtd all papers relating to that affair being read« as M 

all that the parties had to say patiently hesmd, the consideration thereof wai 

deferred till to-monrow morning. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

Zith day at eight o'clock^ A. M. post preees^ sedtrunt qui supra^ 

The letters mention^ in a former minute were all brought in «id 9f^ 
proved. .. » 

The affair of the abovesaid appeal being reassumed, and much time qM 
in debating and considering of it, it was put to vote, whether approve 41 
disapprove of the Presbjrtery's conduct with respect to the matter of siH 
appeid, and it was carried in the affirmative nemine coniradicente, Ufoa 
the whole, the Synod after mature deliberation, do judge that the appeOnii 
have acted irregularly in separating from the congregation whereof they i9 
members, and going about to build a separate meeting-house, which seems !• 
have a visible tendency to the hurt and detriment of me interest of Ghiistail 
religion in that place. And do further judge the treatment they have givoMI 
the Presbytery of New Castle, as appears by their own papers, to be unpi- 
tifiable and jusdy censurable, and do exhort said persons to return to the eoD- 
gregation to which they belong, and endeavour to maintain the unity of tha 
spirit in the bond of peace. 

A call from the people of Dunegall to the Rev. Mr. James Anderson, b^ 
presented to the S3mod, the Synod recommended said call to Mr. Andenon 
for his consideration about it. 

Adjourned till two o'clock, post merid. 

At two o^dockj P. M. post preees sederunt qtd supra. 
There being from time to time complaints of the weakness and deficiency 
of Mr. Robert Laing, rendering his exereise of the ministerial function a ds* 
triment to the interest of religion, and rather a scandal than an help to tli^ 
gospel; the S3rnod advised hun to demit the whole exereise of the ministrj* 
and not to take it up again but by the approbation of at least three ministers d 
Ite Presbytery wherein he may reside; the said Mr. Laing did quietly aan 
humbly acquiesce in the aforesaid advice. And there being a motion made 
that in case Mr. Laing should remove unto some place in the skirts of A 
S3mod, so that the commissioners may not be apprized of his circumstance 
in order to his relief, should there be need of it, that any member or member 
of the Synod administering to his necessities in a prudent way, ^wherein Ae 
shall be accountable to the Synod,) may be reimbureed by the Synod. Tli 
fltid motion was approved of by the Synod, the said Mr. Laing bringing wit 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 83 

anfaeh crodentiidfl as may testify of his ffood moral behavioar. And the 
Ijftbod did, for the present, in testimony of meir compassion, give him out of 
iifnid the mm of forty shillings. 

Mb Webb giving account of some difficulties in his congregation, which he 
hofid might be healed by a committee appointed by the Synod, it was (in 
eQHi|Bnoe with his desire,) ordered, that Messrs. Morgan, Anderson, Cross^ 
iMMf GelstOQ, Jonathan Dickinson, and Andrews, should be the saidoom- 
WMKb and meet at Newark on Ae fomrth Wednesday of October next, to act 
Wjkie full power of the Synod in all matters that may be laid before them 
likmspect to that congregation, and bring an account of what they do to the 
MKt Synod. 

Menrs. Jones, Andrews, Evans, Anderson, Cross, and Jonathan Dickin- 
•OB, continued to be the commissioners of the Sjfnod, with the same power as 
tealy. 

Adjourned till the third Wednesday of September next, then to meet at 
fUaodphia at two o'clock, afternoon. Concluded with prayer. 

September 20, 1727. 

The full Synod met at Philadelphia according to appointment, when poit 
pnus sederunt^ 

Mfmsters: Messrs. Malachi Jones, Jedidiah Andrews, Thomas Craighead, 
htu Thomson, James Anderson, Joseph Morgan, George Gillespie, Hugh 
C^onn, William Stewart, John Pierson, David Evans, William Tennent, 
hnel Gtekton. Joseph Houston, John Bradner, Thomas Evans. Henry 
ftwkf Nathaniel Hubbill, Alexander Hutchinson, Gilbert Tennent, Joseph 
i^M, Archibald McCook, Adam Boyd. 

Bders present: Messrs. Joseph Charlesworth, John Snowden, John Mont- 
^Mieiy, Archibald Smith, James Mitchell, John Hutten, Joseph Steel, James 
AMiam, James Smith, Joseph Thomas, Jacob King, Samuel Allen, David 
Imon, Arthur Park. 

Minkrten absent: Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, Samuel Pumry, Robert 
CnsB, Noyes Parris. 

Mr. John Pierson was chosen moderator, and Mr. Thomas Evans cleiiL. 

Kr. Craighead opened the Synod by preaching a sermon from 1 Tim. 
IT. 14, 16. 

Adjourned tlU eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

21 day^ at eight o^clock^ post preces^ sederunt qui supra. 

Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, Cross, and Orme, gave by letters the reasons 
Bf their absence, which were sustained. 

Ordered* That the minutes of the last Synod be read. 

Masters William Tennent, Conn, and Stewart, gave the reasons of their 
ibience last Synod, which were sustained. 

Masters Jones, Andrews, Craighead, Anderson, Thomson, and the mode- 
itor, appointed to be a committee for the fund, and any other business that 
he Synod shall recommend to them. 

Masters Bradner and William Tennent appointed to revise the Presbytery 
nok of New Castle. The Presbytery books of Long Island and Philadel- 
?kia were not brought to the Synod, and the reasons thereof were sustained* 

Inquiry being made who had brought collections for the Synod, it was 
'sad thai Mr. Andrews had brought somewhat 

Hie committee for the fund appointed to meet at three o'clock, post mtri* 
Stmt tO|;ether with the commission of the Synod. 

A petttion and other papers being brought into the Synod by Dr. Nicolb* 



84 IHNUTIBS OF THE 

they were read* and referred to the confideralion of the oomBiitlee to faciof 
overtures upon them. 

The transactions of the committee last year ^pointed to meet at Newail 
were brought in, read, and approved. 

Masters Jones, Andrews, David Evans, Cross, Jonathan Dickinson, m 
Pierson, appointed to be the commission of the Synod for the year ensuuMk 

A letter was presented to the Synod from the ministers of tfoatim, in'Sm 
England, as also another from the Presbyterian congregation at New Tedl 
referring to the ordination of Mr. Pemberton, and his settlement at New T<ri 
and proposing his admission as a member of the Synod ; both which brin 
read, the consideration of that whole affair was referred to the commttlse I 
bring in an overture upon it 

Adjourned till eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

22 day 9 ai eight o^ clock, ante meridiem, pott preces, sederunt qui nfn 

Overtured, upon the affair of the congregation at New York, That, aUhom| 
the Synod, according to the representation then made to them, saw causekl 
year to find fault with several parts of Dr. Nicoll's management with resptc 
to the public money belonging to the congregation there, yet inasmuch as it 
body of that congregation have signified by their letter to this Synod, that thi| 
are fully satisfied with the Doctor's aecounts and conduct in that affair, Al 
83nDod think they have no more to do ia-that matter, saving still the right m 
privilege of the representatives or others, hereafter to remonstrate tl^ir ik 
satisfactions, if they have any, in a regular way before Presbytery or Syaoi 
which overture was approved of. . . 

And as to the call and setdement of the Rev. Mr. Pemberton at New Ton 
the Synod does declare that the rules of our Presbyterian constituticm wen 
not observed in several respects by that congregation in that matter. IIhi 
also passed by the Synod, nemine cantradicente. 

And it was put to the vote, Receive or delay the receiving of Mr. PenbflV 
ton as a member of this Synod; and it was carried for delaying, which dali| 
did not flow from any disrespect to Mr. Pemberton, or any fault objeetd 
against him, but from other reasons. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, poet meridiem. 

Three o'clock, P. M. Post preces, sederunt qui supra. 

The further consideration of the affair of New York deferred till to-morron 
morning. 

Two letters were brought in, one from the party dissenting from Mr. Hou» 
ton's congregation, and another from the said congregation, which weie i» 
ferred to the committee to bring in overtures upon them. 

A supplication from a party of Mr. Boyd's congregation, referred also • 
the committee for the same purpose. 

The committee appointed to meet at eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock to-morrow, ante meridiem. 

23 day. Ten o'clock, ante meridiem. Post preces, sederunt qui supri 

The affair of New York continued. 

The affair relating to Mr. Houston's congregation and the disaffected neid 
hours, reassumed. ^, 

Overtured, upon the affair of Elk River, That inasmuch as althouirh'bol 
the Presbytery of New CasUe and our Synod have condemned the proeee 
ings of that party, who have supplicated for a new erection, yet they apiM 
mg constandy and firmly resolved not to be reconciled to that congreiratioiKl 
a part of it, in order to attend God's worship in their old meeting-tefM^ I 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. (B5 

m of feuds and differences arinng between &em and aome of the mem- 
of that congregation; and inasmuch as the erecting of that party as a dis- 
tieparate congregation as yet, appears to have an evident tendency to 
ikm and disable, if not utterly destroy that congregation, by reason of the 
Mi^ and poverty of the inhabitants of our persuasion there, partly by 
M of the HI situation of the new meeting-house, which, upon supposition 
iwBw erection, will inferos necessity of joininff a considerable part of Mr. 
Mon's congregation with that new erection, me Synod being desirous of 
Bg healing as well as just measures to determine in that affair, do judge as 
nreth, viz. 

'hst, That that party be allowed to have a new meeting-house in some 
; of their side of the congregation, yet still to remain a part of thai con- 
;ation until the Presbytery or Synod have more encouragement for a 
erection. 

Mondly, That in order to this, the new meeting-house be removed to any 
B above six miles distance in a direct line from the old meeting-house, 
di the said supplicants shall agree upon, and that it be seven miles from 
other. 

hirdly, That upon the compliance of said party with said terms, Mr. 
Bton's congregation shall contribute to the removal of the said new meet^ 
loose in proportions to their subscriptions. 

r, that those supplicants shall be erected into a separate congregation as 
as diey, at their own expense, do remove their new meeting-house as 
isaid, and that none that are now orderly members of Mr. Houston's con- 
ition, shall be received as members of said erection without the consent 
e congregation, or order of the Presbytery. 

bis overture was read before the Synod, and all parties being patiently 
1 in what they had to offer upon it, and after considerable reasoning upon 
rhole affair, parties being removed, it was put to the vote, whether mis 
tore should be approved or not, and it was carried in the affirmative unan- 
isly, save only one dissentient 

rdeied. That no minister preach in the said new meeting house while in 
place where it now is. 

be committee appointed to meet at eight o'clock Monday morning, 
ijoumed till ten o'clock, Monday morning. 

25 day, Monday^ ten o^ clock, A. M, postprecea, aederurU qui supra. 
tie affair of New York was reassumed. 

isters Andrews, Morgan, Jonathan Dickinson, Pierson, and Webb, ap- 
ed to be a committee to meet at New York to accommodate matters of 
rence between that congregation and the Presbytery of Long Island, and 
any other differences that may be among themselves about their church 
ment, and particularly to receive Mr. Pemberton as a member of the 
id, or not, as they shall see cause. As to the time of the meeting of the 
committee, it is determined that it shall be at such time as the congrega- 
)f New York shall agree upon, they giving reasonable notice to the mem- 
of the committee, and the Presbytery of Long Island, that they may 
there together. 

dered. That a letter be writ to the congregation at New York by Mr. 
ews and the moderator, and another to the Presbytery of Long Island 
'asters Anderson and Thomson. 

id .it was further Ordered, That the said committee shall write to Scot- 
giving an aecoont of the affairs of New Yoik congregatioa« al ttoir own 
Btioii* 
l|o«niad tiU throe o'dook, P. M. 

8 



85 HINUTES OF THE 

nree d* clocks P. M. Post preeei^ udenmt qui ntptiL 

A paper of protest was brought into the Synod, after all basiness was donii 
by Messrs. Jones, David Evans, Webb, and HubbeU, which was ordered to 
be kept in reterUis. 

Adjourned till the third Wednesday of September next, and then to meel 
at Pmladelphia. 

September 18, 1728. 

The delegated Synod met at Philadelphia, according to appointment 

Ubi post preces sederunt^ 

Ministers: Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Thomas Craighead, John 'HieriH 
8on, James Anderson, Joseph Morgan, George Gillespie, John Pierson, Wil^ 
liam Tennent, Samuel Gelston, Joseph Houston, Gilbert Tennent, ArchiWi 
McCook, Adam Boyd, Jonathan Dickinson, Samuel Pumry, Robert Croii» 
Noyes Parris. 

Elders: Messrs. John Budd, John Cochran, Archibald Smith, Richail 
Allison, John Hutton, John Cross, Robert Linton, Moses Rolph, Roger 
Train, Arthur Park, NaUianiel Hazzard, William More. 

Mr. Andrews was chosen moderator, and Mr. Boyd was chosen clerk. 

Mr. Pierson opened the S3niod with a sermon upon 2 Tim. iii. 5. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last Synod be read. 

Masters Craighead, William Tennent, Anderson, Thomson, Cross, Dick- 
inson, and the moderator, appointed to be a committee for the fund, and any 
other business that the Synod shall recommend to them. 

Masters Houston and Boyd ordered to revise the Presbytery book of PhiV 
delphia. 

Masters William Tennent and Pierson appointed to revise the Presbytery 
book of New Castle. 

The Presbytery book of Long Island was not brought, and the reason of k 
was sustamcd. 

Inquiry being made who had brought collections for the fund, it was fonrA 
that Mr. Anderson had brought somewhat. And it was recommended, thit 
the appointment in reference to the raising collections for the fund be carefulij 
observed for the future. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund, meet at eight o'clock, to-morrow, 
antemerid. together with the commissioners of the Synod. 

Messrs. Andrews, Cross, Dickinson, Pierson, Craighead, and Gillespie, 
appointed to be the commissioners of the Synod for the year ensuing. 

Ordered, That the committee appointed last year to go to New York, bring 
in their minutes relating to that affair to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock to-morrow, ante meridiem. 

19/A (fay, ten 6*dockj A. M. postpreceSj sederunt qui supra. 

Agreed that the interest of Mr. William Tennent's bond be remitted till 
this time. Agreed to take Mr. Tennent's own bond for that money due to 
the Synod for which Mr. McNish's estate was engaged. 

Ordered that the committee meet at four o'clock. 

Adjourned till five o'clock, post merid. 

At five o'clock, P. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 
The committee appointed last Synod to meet at New York, in order b 
inspect into the affairs of that congregation, as also to consult about Mr. Peni 
berton s admission as a member of the Synod, having produced their mimitea 



-J 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 87 

nd the said minutes being read and considered,* the following questions 
weie proposed to the vote of the Synod. 

I. Whether the committee had authority from the Synod to consider the 
adaunon of Mr. Pemberton as a member of the Synod, without previously 



*Tke minutes of the committee that met at New York November 15, 1737. 

New York, November 15, 1727. 

ieending to the appointment of the Synod of Philadelphia, the committee for the affair 
tf (he Ptta^terian congrrcgation at New York, convened at New York the time above 
J Mkned, uhi po9t preee$ tederunt, Messrs. Morgan, Pierson, Webb, and Jonathan Dick- 
p MMb Mr. Pierson chosen moderator, and Mr. Dickinson clerk. 
; Hr. Webb having at the Synod last sitting at Philadelphia, signed a protestation and 
( vilU declared his purpose to join no more with the Synod, he does now before this 
i w im i ttee retract that his declaration of withdrawal from the Synod, and declare his 
Atue purpose of continuing a member of and joining with the Synod. 
Adjourned till five o'clock, post merid. 

At Jive o"* clock, poet merid, po$t preees eederunt qui eupra. 

^ After hearing several debates between Dr. NicoU and some others that offered com- 
\ pSiints aninst Dr. Nicoll, the committee saw it necessary to put off tlie further consid- 
; cntioQ thereof till to-morrow morning. 

Adjoomed till to-morrow morning at nine o'clock. 

16tA day at nine o'clock, poet preeet eederunt qui eupra, 

Hw affair between Dr. Nicoll and some others of this congregation being reassumed, 
&e Committee found it necessary to defer it till the next sederunt. 
Adjourned till three o'clock, poet merid. 

At three o'clock, P. M, poet preeee tederunt qui supra, 

Tbe eommittee having used their endeavours to procure a reconciliation between Dn 
ffieoU and Masters Liddle, Blake, and Ingliss, and to have the differences between them 
iditing to the Presbyterian church at New York amicably healed, have the satis&ction 
■d eomfbrt of their coming now into an happy agreement on these following terms. 

1. TliBt Masters Liddel, Blake, and Ingliss, shall, as soon as with conveniency it can 
k dcaie, make over and convey all their right, title, and interest in the Presbyterian 
dnrcfa or meeting-house in New York, to the Rev. Masters William Mitchell, William 

Wjsbeart, WiUiam Hamilton, Miller, and Hart, ministers in Edinburgh, in 

Horth Britain, and to Dr. John Nicoll abovcsaid, in trust for the use of the Presbyterian 
Congregation in New York, and to and for no other use whatsoever. And that by the 
■me instrument of conveyance, they authorize and impower the Presbytery of £din- 
boi;|h, for the time being, from time to time, and at any time hereafter, to appoint and 
pot m trust, under their hands and seals, whomsoever they shall think proper, in the 
nam and place and with the full power and authority of any of the said gentlemen 
above mentioned, upon his or their death, and of all of them successively upon their 
decease. 

2. That Dr. Nicoll do cancel and make void what bonds of the said Liddel, Blake, and 
Ingliss, he has in his hands, either given to him by them, or assigned to him by any 
others that were given on account of the said Presbyterian church or meeting-house in 
New York, and that he free and indemnify them from all former obligations to him on 
•ceoont of said church, and particularly from a bond conjunctly given by him and them 
DDto Mr Samoel Bayard. 

3. That tbe said Dr. Nicoll do give a bond of two thousand pounds to the above men. 
tiooed ministers of Edinburgh, that neither he nor his heirs shall ever alienate his or 
their right, title, or interest, in the above mentioned church, or meeting-house, or the 

rond thereunto belonging, from the use of a Presbyterian congregation in New York, 
ever. And also that, as soon as the said Dr. Pficoll shall be paid and reimbursed 
what is due to him on account of the said church, or meeting-house, and ground, that he 
will also make over his right and interest in tlie said house and ground, to the above, 
mentioned ministers of £iinbargh, in the same form, and to the same intents and 
pupoees as the said Liddel, Blake, and Ingliss, shall do. And also, that Dr. Nicoll 
diafl oblige himself by a bond of five hundred pounds, to be given to Masters John Pier, 
soov Robert OroM, and Jonathan Dickinson, that, notwithstanding his mortgage upon Um 



S8 MINUTES OF THE 

considcrinpf what the Pre8b)rtery of Long-Island had to offer in that afikir. 
Carried in the negative by a great majority. 

2. Whollicr the Synod approve of the conduct of the committee vrith rela- 
tiou to the diviflions of the said congregation. Carried in the afiirmativf 
neniine contradicenie. 

3. Whether Mr. Pemberton be allowed as a member of this Synod, by 
virtue of what the committee has done. Carried in the negative. 

4. Whether notwithstanding of all the irregularity that was in the accessifli 
of Mr. Pemberton to New York, the Synod do now accept him as a membeb 
Carried in the affirmative nemine contradicenie. 

And it is left to Mr. Pemberton and the congregation, to join to what Vnh 
bytery they shall think fit. 

' Diverse papers of complaint against Mr. Morgan were read, the consideia* 
lion of them deferred till to-morrow. 

Adjounied till eight o'clock to-morrow, A. M. 

20th datf at eight o^ clock, ante merid. post preces sederunt qui tupnL 
The affair of Mr. Moi^an reassumed, and the further consideration of k 
deferred till afternoon. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. 

M three o^ctock, P, M, post preces^ sederunt qui tupra. 
As to the accusations against Mr. Morgan, the Synod judges in the sevcnl 

articles as folio we th. 

As to tlic first article the Synod judges that Mr. Morgan's declaration of h» 

judgment in tliat atfair is satisfactor}'. 

nid church, or meeting-house, he will concur with such men as the nid miniiten of 
K()inburf;h nhall appoint, in the tale of such pews in the laid church as shall be ordered 
to be fk>ld by the major part of the said Presbrterian congregation in New York. 

4. It is also sfrreod by Dr. NicoU, that no reparation or sedition shall be made to Ifci 
said cJmrrh without the consent and direction of the major part of the ooogregatiaB,iiii 
iipim their chnrurt'* 

.^. It is A);r<>cd. that the con^rregation shall, if they please, by a majority oTToteSiCbocai 
fivr nion as public manap^rs or rcpresentatires. And the said Dr. Nicou docs also sfici 
that whiVi4icvcr of tlie congregation desires it, shall have copies at their own charge, of 
w hntcvcr {viitcrs are now in his hands that refer to the building of the Presbyterian 
rhurch in Now York. 

As an 0^ idcnce that the aborrsaid Masters Liddel, Blake, and Inglias, do eonsent lad 
ACnH« (o all the abav«said articles, they hereunto set their hands in tho presence t^tbi 
|^Mnmi1lJCc. 

JoH!f NiCOLL, 

Tbomas Inousei, 
JoiDi BukSK, 
Joasra LiDDBL. 
Adj«Himc«l till lA4norrow morning, at nine o'clock. 

IT ^ftfti. «f %{w firelock, pMt preeef^ tedemmi gvi taprs. 

Ucing pn>pi^se«t to the con^mitice, and a^:rr<^ upon by Ih. NieoU and sereral memben 
of the otM\£rr):ation, that there be two men chose-n by the congTt^gatioo to aoeoont witk 
paiil Pr. NioiOl, th^m tune to time, tor whatncr money he shall reoeire towards the pay* 
inrnt M the iVbl due to hiin from the cburch. the committee approve of the orertnre iw 
i^NMunuriiti It to the ^^M^g^fgali■.v^. 

Mr. rcmK*;r%<kn apyvarmjc be rive this ev^mmitiee and desiring admissian, as a member 
iM'thc S^m>d of PhilaiHphia, pr^vniMNi uivvi sucJi admiauon all subjection totbestid 
Svni«il in the \.%\t\\^ th^ %x«mmittec can »re no reasoo why tadi adnussioo should bera* 
i\i*n( *\r «Mave«f, and do thereiwr admit him as a member o2* the said Synod. 

Tho i^Mnm'titce bavmg ttwivcti a letter !>^>ni the commission of the General Amcib* 
bly «M' the t^unnti oi* Scotland, wn^te an answer theitnmto, rrprtaeBting thereby the pre* 
miA alaH* i^'lhr c<m g My a tian of New York, and tbon ooodnded. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 89 

Aa to the second article the Synod jud^ that it laid no foundation for a 
fubtie accusation. 

As to the third article, the Synod agree that Mr. Morgan's answer in refe- 
itOM thereto is sufficient, and that the accusers had no just ground of separa- 
tion on that score. 

Alto the fourth article, 1. The Synod do hear their strongest testimony 
apJMt the practice of judicial astrology. 2. That the Synod wink they have 
■fdent evidence that Mr. Morgan is far from approving that art, and has 
IpRQ all his accusers sufficient grounds of satisfaction in that matter both pub- 
Bdf and privately. 3. The Synod judge Mr. Morgan*s accusers to be very 
ariaable in bringing in this article against him, when they have sat peaceably 
wm lus ministry, and partook with him in sealing ordinances many years 
Aa the things were done that they complain of. 4, And after all, the Synod 
cuQot clear Mr. Morgan from imprudence and misconduct in making the two 
aDcfed experiments of that kind, if the reports be true, were his ends never 
10 good and laudable. 

Xb to the fifth article, although the synod do not approve promiscuous 
dneing, yet they judge it a clear indication of the captious and querulous 
ifttrit of Mr. Morgan*s accusers, that they ofier such a complaint against him. 

As to the sixth article, the Synod have satisfying evidence that the accusa- 
tion ia false in fact. 

Aa to the seventh article, it also appears to the Synod, (notwithstanding any 
ciideoce brought to confirm it,) to be a groundless prosecution against one, 
who has ever been esteemed a temperate man. However, if there bt any 
Mlier evidence against Mr. Morgan in this article, as is alleged by some of las 
accuaers, they may ofier such evidence to the Presbytery of Philadelphia, to 
which Mr. Morgan belongs. 

There being an overture presented to the Synod in writing, having reference 
to the subscribing of the Confession of Faith, <&c. The Synod judgin|r this 
to be a very important afifair, unanimously concluded to defer the considera- 
tion of it till the next Synod; withal recommending it to the members of each 
^eahytery present to give timeous notice thereof to the absent members, and 
it ia agreed that the next be a full Synod. 

Adjonmed till nine o'clock to-morrow morning. 

21a/ day at nine 6* clocks A. M, post precei sederunt qui supra. 

The Presbytery of Philadelphia having referred the consideration of an 
appeal, from sundry persons excommunicated by Mr. Jones, to the Synod, 
be Synod have deferred the same till Monday morning at ten o'clock, in order 
^Mr. Jones may have notice thereof; also ordered, that the appellant give 
Mr. Jones an account of this minute tliis day. 

The Synod having considered the afiair of the people that appealed to them 
^rom the Presbytery of New Castle, came to this conclusion, that the minutes 
of the last year's Synod with respect to them be complied with ; and further 
^ree that they shall build no other meeting-house in another place besides 
Ittt chosen by them, without the approbation of the Presbytery or Synod 
bat obtained. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock on Monday morning. 

2Zd day^ at eight o^ clock, A. Mpoatpreces sederunt qui supra. 

Letters came to the Synod from Mrs. Catharine Wood, who stands excom- 
Bnoicated by the Baptist Church in Philadelphia, complaining against the 
oenaure of that Church, and desiring the Synod to relieve her; which being 
oooaidered by an interloquitur of the Synod, it was agreed that a letter should 
^ writ to that church, desiring a conference between three or four of them and 
8* 




90 IIINUTES OF THE 

as many of us relating to that affair; which letter being wrote and cMivoedK 
and no answer from them yet come, the Synod agreed to leave the 
lion of any answer that might be brought, and what else may occur about 
matter, to the management of the commission of the Synod, the time of 
Synod's sitting being near expired. 

The Synod having received several letters from sundry persons at New Tori 
full of complaints against diverse persons, without timeously advertisiiig^i 
persons thereof, for ought that we know, that they might take meaM 
justify themselves, the Synod would take no cognizance of these com] 
by reason of the s^sence of the parties complained of, but remit them to 
Inresby tery, which the congregation shall be annexed unto by their own 
to inspect into these matters, and withal do earnestly request iall paiti^B 
to lay aside all heats and animosities, and endeavour for peace as much 
sible. In the mean time the Synod allows the complainants, via : 
Blake, Ingliss, and Liddell, to join with any neighbouring congregation of i 
communion, as to sacramental communion until said differences are liauufl)f 
removed. And it is the advice of the Synod, that the contending parties 1MB 
about accounts, do choose suitable persons to adjust and setde them. AndAr 
the demand of Mr. Anderson of money, that he says is due to him, the BywA 
do earnestly recommend it to the congregation to inspect into that affidr, Hr. 
Anderson being willing to refer his demand to the judgment of any praMft 
indifferent persons, that themselves shall choose, which in the jndgnttMof 
the Synod is so fair on his side, that they cannot but think it must needs M 
to an end of that difference. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. 

•4/ three o^ clock, P. M. poit preces sederunt qui mm. 

Six persons that were excommunicated by the Rev. Mr. Malachi Jonsff 
namely, George Renock and his wife, Robert Poke, William Renock aad U^ 
wife, and Henry Jameson, appealing to the Presbytery of Philaddphiit fiov 
the sentence of excommunication passed against them, and the Presbywy 
having referred that matter to the determination of the Synod; af)^ hmitg 
two of the appellants and two of Mr. Jones's church, (whereof one wm ■& 
elder,) declaring what they knew of the offences charged against ^ ^ff^ 
lants, as also read and considered the extract of the minutes of the fticwn™** 
nication; the Synod, after due deliberation, came to this oondusion: Thtf 
whereas the appellants do freely own, in their own names, and in the nMB* 
of them that are absent, their breaking away from the communiea of Mr* 
Jones's church, without previous application made for certificates of disBrii» 
sion, was a disorder and a fault for which they are very sorry, and do aakfii^ 
giveness of God and all those that they did offend by this disorderly step; ite 
Synod does appoint, that upon their acknowledging this their offence, by t 
writing read or offered to be read in Mr. Jones's congregation, the smd affd- 
lants shall be absolved from the aforesaid sentence, and so be free to join wxik 
what congregation they please. 

Adjourned till the third Wednesday of September next, and then to BMfllit 
Philadelphia at 1 1 o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

September 17/A, 1780. 
The Synod met according to app)ointment, ubi post preces gederuni^ 
Ministers: Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Thomas Craighead, John Thom- 
son, James Anderson, John Pierson, Samuel Gelston, Joseph Houston, Gil- 
bert Tennent, Adam Boyd, Jonathan Dickinson, John Bradner, Hutchinson, 
Thomas Evans, Daniel Elmer, Stevenson, William Tennent, Hngfa Conn, 
John Orme, George Gillespie, John Willson. 



 -fl 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 91 

CideflES* Means. John Budd, William Blair, John Allen, James Galbreatfa, 
Bolpf, John Thomson, John Devor, Solomon Carpenter, William Wil- 
Edmand Crapper, Jonathan Fithian, George Renocks, John Cross. 
Muieters absent: Masters Joseph Morgan, Pemberton, Cross, Webb, 
Pumiy* Stewart, and Hook. 
Mr. Andrews opened the Synod with a sermon on Col. iii. 17. 
lir. Anderson chosen moderator, and Mr. Thomas Evans clerk, 
i^joonied till eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

* • 18 day, ai eight o^dockt A. M. pout preceM, iedenmt qui supra, 

" Mered, That the minutes of the last Synod be read. 

Ibeilling over the roll we found that since our last the Rev. Mr. Malachi 
I, heretofore a member with us, and the Rev. Mr. Archibald McCook, 
departed this life. 

> The Sjmod inquiring into the reasons of the absence of Mr. Parris, were 
"kkmed that he is disorderly, withdrawn, and gone to New England, under 
'As imputation of scandal, and it is ordered, that Mr. Dickinson do write a 
> 4etter to Boston relating the circumstances of said affair. 
' Masters Andrews, Dickinson, Thomson, Pierson, Craighead, Conn, Budd, 
■ltd die moderator, be a committee for the fund, or any other business that the 
'Sfnod shall recommend unto them. 

Masters Houston and Bradner ordered to revise the Presbytery book of 
PUadelphia, and Masters Gilbert Tennent and Elmer to revise the Presby- 
teiy booK of New Castle. The Presbytery book of Long Island was absent. 

inquiry being made who had brought collections for the fund, it was found 
dut the members have been generally defective in that matter, and it was re- 
commended that the appointment in reference to the raising collections for 
the fond, be carefully observed for the future, and that the Synod's letter re- 
kting to it be read yearly in the congregations within our bounds as formerly. 

Oidered, That the committee for the fund meet at three o'clock, P. M. to- 
gether with the commission of the Synod. 

' Masters Andrews, Cross, Dickinson, Pierson, Craighead, and Gillespie, 
ippointed to be the commission of the Synod for the ensuing year. 

The afiair relating to the confession under our consideration since our last, 
 referred to the committee to draw up an overture upon it 

Inquiry being made with respect to Mrs. Catharine Wood, it was found 
that endeavours had been used in order to accommodate said affair, but to lit- 
is purpose hitherto ; and the said affair is wholly left to the management of 
my Presbytery to which she shall apply, as they shall see cause. And the 
better to enable the said Presbytery to conduct themselves in it, the Synod, 
having been informed that her old friends, the Baptists, say that they have 
nothing to object against her, and that any other society are at liberty to re- 
ceive her, if they shall see cause, they do judge that she is virtually released 
from the censure she laid under, and therefore that she may be received as a 
member of a Christian church, if the differences between her husband and her 
were aeoonunodated, for any thing that appears to them. 

The Synod being informed that our former minute relating to arrears claim- 
ed by Mr. Anderson from the congregation at New York, was not complied 
with, Uiey do reconmiend the said affair to the inspection oC the Presbytery 
of Philadelphia. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow morning. 

19 (fay, at nine o'clock^ A, M. post preces, sederunt qtti supra. 
Ordered, That the minutes of our last sederunt be read. 
The Rev. Mr. John Willson coming providentially into these parts, signify- 



92 MINUTES OF THE 

ing his desire of being admitted as a member of the Syiuxlv his ciedentiali 
being read, and the Synod satisfied therewith, he was unanimously receif||i| 

l^e committee brought in an overture upon the affair of the confession 
which, after long debating upon it, was agreed upon in hmc verba. \ 

Although the Synod do not claim or pretend to any authority of impffflii 
our faith upon other men's consciences, but do profess our just difftatinrafjliip 
with, and abhorrence of such impositions, and do utterly disclaim all kf^rili 
tive power and authority in the Church, being willing to receive one anodMr 
as Christ has received us to the ^lory of God, and admit to feUowshmii 
sacred ordinances, all such as we have grounds to believe Christ will %\itft 
admit to the kingdom of heaven, yet we are undoubtedly obliged to take on 
that the faith once delivered to the saints be kept pure and uncomipt aoflf 
OS, and so handed down to our posterity. And do therefore agree that allt|l 
ministers of this Synod, or that shall hereafter be admitted into this SyMJ! 
shall declare their agreement in, and approbation of, the Confession of rM% j 
with the Larger and Shorter Catechisms of the Assembly of Divines atWuhJ 
minster, as l^ing in all the essential and necessary articles^ good fons2; 
sound words and systems of Christian doctrine, and do also adopt the liZ | 
Confession and Catechisms as the confession of our faith. And we do aln' i 
agree, that all the Presbyteries within our bounds shall always take caie ^ < 
to admit any candidate of the ministry into the exercise of the sacred fiuMfiv | 
but what declares his agreement in opinion with all the essential and ipfM" 
sary articles of said Confession, either by subscribing the said Confesai&ljK 
Fkith and Catechisms, or by a verbal declaration of their assent 
such minister or candidate shall think best. And in case any minister of 
Synod, or any candidate for the ministry, shall have any scruple with 
to any article or articles of said Confession or Catechisms, he shall atlhi 
time of his making said declaration declare his sentiments to the PresbytsiJIK 
Synod, who shall, notwithstanding, admit him to the exercise of the miailf|X 
within our bounds, and to ministerial communion, if the Synod or Presbrm 
shall judge his scruple or mistake to be only about articles not essentiu IP ' 
necessary in doctrine, worship, or government. But if the Synod or PnAf 
tery shall judge such ministers or candidates erroneous in essential and neeii- 
sary articles of faith, the Synod or Presbytery shall declare them unciyihlsrf 
communion with them. And the Synod do solemnly agree, that none of* 
will traduce or use any opprobrious terms of those that differ from us in dM 
extra-essential and not necessary points of doctrine, but treat them with 4| 
same friendship, kindness, and brotlierly love, as if they had not diffiaW : 
from us in such sentiments. ^ 

Mr. Morgan sent a letter to the Synod giving his reasons for his absence 
which were sustained. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. .- 1 

At three d*dock^ P, M. post preces sederunt qui mpra. i 
Ordered, That the minutes of our last sederunt be read. ,., 

All the ministers of this Synod now present, except one that declarediupi 
self not prepared, viz. Masters Jedidiah Andrews, Thomas Craigfaeadt ^^ 
Thomson, James Anderson, John Picrson, Samuel Gelston, Joseph Houstoik 
Gilbert Tennent, Adam Boyd, Jonathan Dickinson, John Bradnefp AklMI^> 
der Hutchinson, Thomas Evans, Hugh Stevenson, William Tennent* HnA 
Conn, George Gillespie, and John Willson, after proposing all the ■crapM 
that any of them had to make against any articles and expressions in lb*. 
Confession of Faith and Larger and Shorter Catechisms of the Assenb^f 
of Divines at Westminster, have unanimously agreed in the solutioa of Aoaa 
scruples, and in declaring the said Confession ami Catechismtr to te-tte 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 93 

of their faith, excepting only some clauses in the twentieth and twen- 
j-Aizd chaptera, concerning which clauses the Synod do unanimously de- 
ofare, that they do not receive those articles in any such sense as to suppose 
ibm cifil magistrate hath a controlling power over Synods with respect to the 
•awcim of their ministerial authority ; or power to persecute any for their 
idJIgioii, or in any sense contrary to the Protestant succession to the throne of 
Oiwl Diitain. 

JthB Synod ohserving that unanimity, peace, and unity, which appeared in 

Aeir consultations and determinations relating to the affair of the Gonfes- 

did unanimously agree in giving thanks to God in solemn prayer and 



A jnipplication from the congregation of New London, as also another sup- 
iGntion from the congregation of Upper Elk, being read and heard, the con- 
rfdcntion of them was delayed till our next. 

* Ordered, That Masters William Tennent, and Gilbert Tennent, Willson, 
ttd Elmer, be a committee to inspect into the business between Mr. Bradner 
^Hd Sunuel Nealy, which was transmitted from the committee to the Synod. 

' A^onmed till nine o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

20th day at nine o^cIock, A. M. post prece$ sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of our last sederunt be read. 

The afiUr of New London and the congregation of Upper Elk was reas- 
ilBiied, and afler a long debate and deliberate consideration upon it, the Synod 
%ieed to abate half a mile of the distance from the meeting-house of Upper 
Vkf under which they were limited by a former act of the Synod for building 
of a new meeting-house. 

Application from the people of Wallakill being presented to the Synod by 
Aeir commissioner, John McNeal, representing their request of supplies of 
pnachin^ among them, they were recommended to the care of the Presbytery 
tfPhilaaelphia. 

AiJ^oomed till ten o'clock, Monday morning. 

92d day J at ten o^elocky A. M. post preeeSf sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of our last sederunt be read. 

The committee appointed to inspect into the affair between Mr. Bradner 

^ Samuel Nealy, brought in their determination upon it, which was appro- 

^ by the Synod, and is as follows. Whereas the reverend Synod appointed 

t committee to hear and offer an overture upon an affair in debate between 

Bmiuel Nealy and his wife on the one part, and John Carpenter, belonging 

to Mr. Bradner's charge, on the other part, issuing in the said Nealy anif his 

wife, their exclusion from sealing ordinances ; it is humbly offered, that ac- 

> Elding to what appears to said committee, it is by them resolved, that the 

Her. Mr. Bradner release said Nealy and his wife from the censure they are 

Ittd under, they returning cheerfully and fully to their duty, and that mutual 

vdty and Christian affection be exercised towards each other by all parties 

Cneemed with relation to this affair. 

A motion being made to know the Synod's judgment about the directory, 

tey gave their sense of that matter in Uie following words, viz : The Synod 

is nnanimously acknowledge and declare, that they judge the directory for 

Vonhip, discipline, and government of the church, commonly annexed to the 

l^estminster Confession, to be agreeable in substance to the word of God, 

■id founded thereupon, and therefore do earnestly recommend the same to all 

fheir members, to be by them observed as near as circumstances will allow, 

■id Christian prudence direct. 

Overtnredy That Uie Synod do bear their testimony against, and declare 



94 MINUTES OF THE 

their j^at dissatisfaction at the religious law-suits that are msintained unoi# 
professors of religion, so contrary to that peace and love which the go^I 
requires, and the express direction of the Holy Ghost, 1 Cor. ▼!. 1, 2, % fld^ 
consequently very much to the scandal of our holy profession. And thi^ 
therefore, the Synod do recommend to all the ministers within our bound8»|i 
use their utmost endeavour to hring their several and respective congregali6M 
into a joint agreement to avoid to their utmost all unnecessary law-miits to. 
the future, and to refer such differences as cannot be easily accommodilai 
between the parties themselves, to some prudent, religious, and indi ffui lM 
friends, if it may be of our own profession, mutually chosen by the contan^ 
ing parties, or otherwise, as such society shall think best, to decide and dttS 
mine such differences. This overture was approved by the Synod fifjmilil 
contradicente. 

Mr. Cielston representing to the Synod, the desire of the congregation^ 
New London to have indifferent men chosen for a perambulation in order tk 
accommodate the situation of a meeting-house for them, which being put A 
vote, was carried in the negative. Upon which there was a protest preseolBl 
against the proceeding of die Synod in this affair, signed by Robert FinBty 
and James Muir. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. 

At three o^chckj P. M. Poet preees^ ndenmi qui mxfrt 

Ordered, That the minutes of the Synod be read. \ 

Adjourned till the third Wednesday of September next, and then to neetij 

full Synod at Philadelphia, at eleven o'clock, ante meridiem. Condaded withf 

prayer. \ 

The Synod met according to appointment, ; 

September 16/A, 1730. Cbi post preees sederunt, \ 

Ministers : Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Thomas Craighead, John Thoi^ ; 
son, James Anderson, John Pierson, Samuel Gelston, Joseph Houston, Wit 
liam Tennent, David Evans, Gilbert Tennent, Adam Boyd, Alexander Uateb- . 
inson, Joseph Morgan, Daniel Elmer, Thomas Evans, £)beuezer Pembertom L 
Ebenezer Goold. 

Elders: Messrs. John Budd, John Montgomery, James Turner, RoW ; 
Finney, William Miller, James Whitehead, Francis Alexander, WilliiB i 
Bradtunl. Nathaniel Hazzard, Alexander White. 

Ministers absent: Messrs. Cross, Dickinson, Conn, Orme, StevenflA 
Stewart, Bradner, Webb, Pumry, Hook, and Willson. 

Mr. AVilliam Tennent chosen moderator, and Mr. Houston clerk. 

Mr. Anderson, the last moderator, opened the Synod with a sennonoi 
1 Tim. vi. 20. 

Ordered, 'i'hat the minutes of the last Synod be read. 

The reasons of Mr. Pemberton's absence last year sustained. 

Mr. Dickinson being absent diere could be no account of his writing to Nev 
England in relation to Mr. Parris, his irregular withdrawing, according to the 
last year's appointment. 

Masters Andrews, Thomson, Pierson, Craighead, Anderson, and the mo- 
derator, appointed to be a committee for the fund, and for any other busineii 
that the iSvnod shall recommend unto diem. 

Masters Boyd and Hutchinson ordered to revise the Presbytery book of 
Philadelphia. The Presbytery book of New Casile not being tilled up, wtf 
not brought. 

Inquiry being made who had brought coUectione for the fund, it was foon' 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 95 

Jiastera Gillespie, Pierson, Boyd, and Houston, had brought collections 

di are to be deuvered to the committee for the fund. And it is agreed 

l.die collections for the fund be continued yearly. 

Iplers Andrews, Cross, Dickinson, Pierson, Craighead, and Gillespie, 

Miiied to be the commissioners of the Synod for the year ensuing. 

pJBred, That the commissioners of the Synod report what they have done 

1$Ab last 83mod, after the minutes are read. 

ftistter from Mrs. Catharine Wood to the Synod ; the Synod refers the 

VUention of said letter to the committee of the Synod. 

Iba Presbytery of Philadelphia report, that what was ordered by the last 

pid in relation to New York congregation and Mr. Anderson, is happily 

mpmodated. 

lir. Elmer desiring time last Synod to consider of the Synod's declaring to 

i Westminster Confession and Catechisms, &c. ; and Mr. Morgan and Mr. 

iriierton being absent, do all now report that ihey have declared before the 

irivytery, and desire that their names be inserted in our Synodical records. 

Orasred, That the committee meet to-morrow at eight o'clock, A. M. and 

iSynod at ten o'clock, ante merid. 

17 th day at ten 0* clocks A, M. postpreces sederunt qui supra. 
Mered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
Hr. Hook and Mr. Webb sent their letters of excuse for their absence, 
ieh were sustained. Mr. Cross' letter of excuse for this year's absence 
B not sustained. 

Mered, That Mr. Andrews write to Mr. Bradner, that the plain intent and 
■ning of the last year's minute, with respect to him and Samuel Nealy and 
wife, was, that there should be no censure upon Nealy, for things past, but 
c Neahf^s returning to his duty^ was, his returning to a Christian deport- 
ni to Mr, Bradner as a minister of the gospel^ and accordingly Mr. Brad- 
'was to treat him. And it is the judgment of the Synod, that he the said 
1I7, be received to communion unless new matter of scandal appear against 
1. 

Upon the reading of our last year's minutes in relation to the situation of 
. GMston*s meeting-house, that was represented to the Synod by several 
mbers of the New Castle Presbytery, that Mr. Gelston's people have not 
illed the order of the Synod as to the moving of their meeting-house, having 
sred their protest against the Synod's proceedings in relation thereunto, 
e Sjmod, ailer much discourse upon this affair, at last came to this resolu- 
i« liz: that certain persons be appointed to perambulate the bounds and 
ifines of Mr. Houston's and Mr. Gelston's congregations, and to make a 
lesentation of what discoveries they can make, in order to bring the matter 
lifference between those congregations to an amicable accommodation ; and 
Mr. Gelston's congregation will cordially encourage and support said per- 
is appointed so to perambulate, and also submit to the judgment of the 
Dod in pursuance of said perambulation, well ; but if Mr. Gelston's congre- 
ion will either not encourage, support, and assist said perambulation, and 
not ame and submit to the judgment of the Synod in pursuance of said 
lambiuation, then the said congregation from thenceforth, shall not be es- 
med by this Synod as an orderly congregation, until they by testifying 
sr repentance, give reasonable satisfaction to this Synod. And in this pe- 
nbulation respect is to be had also to Mr. Boyd's congregation. 
Mr. David Evans having withdrawn from the Synod three years ago, upon 
ifotest jnit in by him and some other brethren, declared his hearty concern 
his withdraw, and desired to be received in a member again. And he 
ring proposed all the scruples he had to make about any ^T\\dfiA o^ >&cv<^ 



96 MINUT£8 OF THE 

Confession and CatechiflBifly iic to ihe satbraction of the Synod, and dedan 
his adopting the Westminster Confession of Faith and Catechisms, agreeaH 
to the last year*s adopting act; he was unanimously received in as a memh 
again; and for his ease is joined to the Presbytery of Philadelphia. 
Adjourned till five of the clock, pott meridiem. 

MJwe of the clocks P. M.postpreces sedenmi qui tupra* 

Ordered, That the minutes of our last sederunt be read. 

Mr. John Budd and Mr. Edward Shippen, of Philadelphia; John Pnq 
jun'r. and James David, of Mr. David £vans*s congregation ; and ThoH 
James and Joseph Thomas of Mr. Thomas Evans's congregation, are m 
pointed by the Synod to perambulate the bounds of Mr. Gelston's congnj 
tion, according to the above minute ; and these gentlemen are to have previfl 
and timeous notice from Mr. GeLston's congregation; which was agreed bf 
the Synod nemine caniradieente, 

Overtured, with respect to Mrs. Catharine Wood, that she may be admittd 
to communion for the present, till something further appear than has yd 
appeared against her; which overture was approved by the Synod 
contradicente. 

Whereas some persons have been dissatisfied at the manner of wcRdingi 
last year's agreement about the Confession, Ax.; supposing some exprsMi 
not sufficiently obligatory upon intrants; overtured, that the Synod dotfV 
declare, that they understand these clauses that respect the aHmiMMm of m 
trants or candidates in such a sense as to oblige them to receive and adopt lb 
Confession and Catechisms at their admission in the same manner and as fidf 
as the members of the S3mod did that were then present. Which overtus 
was unanimously agreed to by the Synod. 

Thomas Caldwell's affair came under consideration, which was defenei 
until to-morrow mominff. 

Adjourned till ten o'dock to morrow, ante meridiem. 

IBth day at ten o'ehdL 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The affair of Thomas Caldwell reassumed, wherein he complains of die 
records of the Presbytery of New Casde, for charging him as a contendotf 
person ; the Synod afler lon^ debate, and hearing all that Thomas Caldwd 
had to advance, it was carried by a plurality of votes, tliat he, the said Thoosi 
C;ildwell, should acquiesce in the credentials the Presbyter}' of New Caidl 
has given him. 

Tne Synod having received a letter from New Castle on behalf of Mr. Join 
Wilson, soliciting that something might be done to remove some misundtf- 
siandiiigs between the congregation there and the Presbytery, respecting the 
conduct of that Presbytery with relation to him. This brought on adiscouiie 
about Mr. Wilson's behaviour and character, and the transactions of the Piei* 
bytery of New Castle, pursuant to the account they had of him: and diA 
inenibers of that Presbytery having acquainted the Synod by worti and wil- 
ting of their carriage towards him, the Synod do judge thati as far as thinp 
appear to us, they are not chargeable with any severity to him, but rather t£e 
contrary. 

A letter from Scotland referred to the committee of overtures, to bring infl 
overture upon it. 

Adjourned to four o'clock, post meridiem. 

At four 0* clock P. M. postpreces sederunt ^m nfira. 
Ordered, That the nunutes of the last sederunt be read. 
The oommissioneis of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland 



SYNOD OF PHILABBLPHIA. Jfff 

I sent over an extract of their act relatiDg to seeoriUff die fabriek of the 
^terian Church at New York, to the use of a Preabyteriaii church for 
and having ordered Dr. Nicolls, to whom it was sent, to show the aame 
Synod of their bounds, it was accordingly done ; and the Synod found, 
e testimony of two of the proprietors of that house, that it is secured 
din? to the terms of their act. 

. J<mn Nicoll having wrote to the Synod, about a certain parcel of com- 
m-table linen, which Mr. Anderson has now in possession, allering that 
Burnet, that was the first owner, gave said linen to him the said Ander- 
for the benefit of the church whereof he is or shall be minister; it is 
d to the contrary by Dr. Nicoll by letter. The S3mod could not deter^ 
any thing in said afifair, but leave it to the clearest proof, 
joumed till to-morrow, seven o'clock, ante meridiem. 

I9th day at seven o* clocks A. M, post preces sederunt qui supra. 

kred. That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Btter from the commissioners of the General Assembly of the church of 

nd to this Synod, relating to some money willed by the late Rev. Dr. 

I Williams, for the propagating of Christian knowledge in foreign parts; 

id letter was read, and much discourse passed relating thereunto; the 

I came to this resolution, that Masters Andrews, Anderson, Thomson* 

idd, deliberate and write to the commissioners of the said General Assem- 

s likewise to the brethren in New England; which writing is left to the 

ace of the said committee. 

eed that the respective collections for the fund for the year ensuing, may 

posed of according to the discretion of the ministers and sessions of the 

1 congregations, and that they give an account of what they do that 

3 the next Synod. 

I agreed by tlie Synod, that Mr. John Peter Miller, a Dutch probationer, 

come over, be left to the care of the Presbytery of Philadelphia to settle 

i the work of the ministry. 

itter from Mr. Robert Gordon to Masters Andrews and Cross, relating 

. John Wilson, read and considered; the remains of that afifair not 

Dsidered, are left to the discretion, care, and prudence of the Presbytery 

ladelphia. 

ipplication from Crosswick being read and considered, it is ordered that 

ndrews write to said people at his discretion. 

!tter from the committee of a new erection at Boston, being read and 

ered, it was ordered that Mr. Craighead write an answer to said letter. 

i Presbytery book of Philadelphia brought in and approved. 

oumed till the third Wednesday of 7br. next, at eleven of the clock, 

lerid. and then to meet at Philadelphia a full Synod. Concluded with 



I Synod held at Philadelphia, 

September 15/^, 1731. Postpreees sederunt^ ' 
listers : Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Thomas Craighead, John Thomson, 
Pierson, Samuel Gelston, William Tennent, David Evans, George Gil- 
Gilbert Tennent, Adam Boyd, Joseph Morgan, Henry Hook, Ebene- 
K>Id, Joseph Webb, Robert Cross, Alexander Hutchinson, 
era : Messrs. Thomas Craig, James Montgomery, John McClenaghan, 
m Emmitt, James Abraham, James Kerr, Francis King, Abraham 
, John Richy, Peter Bushell. 
9 




gg MINUTES OF THE 

Hinisten absent: Messn. James Anderson, Jonathan Dickinson, Hng^ 
Conn, John Orme, Stevenson, Stewart, John Bradner, Pnmiyv Wales, T» 
mas Evans, Pembertonf Elmer, Houston. 

Mr. Joseph Morgan was chosen moderator, and Mr. Andrews clerk.  jh 

Mr. William Tennent, the moderator of the last S3mod, opened the BfWi 
with a sermon from 1 Pet i. 21. ^ >iA. 

Mr. Dickinson's reasons of his absence, sent by Mr. Webb, were anslimriU 
Likewise Mr. Anderson's reasons of his absence per letter were sus tsin si f 
Mr. Houston being not well, his absence was excused. -r^ 

The minutes of the last Synod ordered to be read. <a ff 

Masters Andrews, Thomson, Pierson, Craighead, Boyd, Cross, in dll^ 
moderator, appointed to be a committee for the fund, and for any other hmfk 
ness that the Synod shall recommend unto them. 

Masters Thomson and Boyd, appointed to revise the Presbytery book.lrf 
Phifadelphia. 

The Presbytery book of New Castle was not brought, the clerk bsfa^l 
absent. 

Inquiry being made who had got collections for the fund, it was found thai 
Mr. Andrews, Mr. Thomson, Mr. Gillespie, and Mr. Cross, had brongliC 
collections; and that Mr. Pierson's and Mr. Webb's congregations hadmtoe 
collections and disposed of them for the relief of indigent places, a groes Hito 
a vote of the last Synod, And it was eamesdy recommended by the-SyisS 
to sll thehr members, to use their diligence that the yeariy collections for ' ' 
fund may be duly minded, that said collections may not drop, as there i 
danger that they may, in case better care be not taken than has been for 
years past. ^ 

The committee for the fund appointed to meet at eight o'clock, to-mocrti^ 
morning. .= 

Adjourned till ten o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

16 day at 10 o^dock, postprecea sederunt qui $tqff$* 

Mr. Pumry's excuse for his absence sent by letter, was sustained. 

Masters Andrews, Cross, Dickinson, Pierson, Craighead, and Gillespie 
appointed to be the commission of the Synod for the year ensuing. 

Mr. Cross's reasons of his absence last year being minuted as not sivk 
tained, the Synod declare themselves now fully satisfied with Mr. Cross lE 
that matter. 

Inquiry being made of Mr. Robert Cross, as to his opinion relating to As 
S3mod*s agreement with reference to the Westminster Confession of Faidii^ 
&c. the said Mr. Cross did declare his hearty concurrence with what As 
Synod had done in that affair, and that he did accept of and adopt the sdl 
Confession of Faith and Catechisms, as the confession of his faith. 

A letter of complaint brought in by Samuel Nealy against Mr. John Bndr 
ner, was deferred. 

The affair relating to Mr. Gelston's meeting-house comiiig again before the 
Synod, the said i^air was deferred. 

The Synod received a letter from Mr«. William Grant, president of the society 
for propagation of Christian knowledge in Scotland; and another from dii 
reverend associated ministers of Boston, in New England, (in answer to thein 
to them last Synod,) both of said letters bearing relation to the will of Dr< 
Daniel Williams of London, deceased, the said letters were read and ordered 
is be kept in reteniii. 

Adjourned tiU three o'clock, post meridiem. < 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 99 

M 8 o'clock jP. M. post preees icdentnt qtd wpra* 
-^'The minutes of the last sederunt ordered to be read. 
Tbe afiair depending between Mr. Bradner and Samuel Nealy further 

t ' ni Synod having considered the affair of Mr. Gelston's meeting-house, 
isdAat the perambulation appointed last year was not, in all respects, ob- 
itfBi, as likewise that no damage, as appears to us, has hitherto accrued to 
Ik Houston*s congregation by reason of the said meeting-house standing 

* ikse it is, to prevent which was the chief reason that moved the Synod to 
■ke the former act fixing the distance between the two meeting-houses, do 
Mrtgree that Mr. Gelston's meeting-house shall stand where it is, without 
■ffiirther dispute about it. 

^ iluf above minute being put to vote, approve or not, it was carried in the 
Aaalive by a great majority. 
An inteiloquitur of the Synod appointed to be to-morrow morning at eight 

A(|oumed till ten oVlock to-morrow morning. 

^t ten 0^ clock, post preees sederunt qui supra. 

Hid inteiloquitur was attended according to appointment. 

Hie afiair between Mr. Bradner and Samuel Nealy was reassumed, and 

^ kmg^reasoning upon it, the Synod came to this conclusion : That not- 

^jAitanding a former minute of the Synod, whereby that affair was deter- 

.■bad 9B thinc^ then appeared, yet they have, for sundry good reasons, 

Sisd it expedient, that there be a hearing of that matter again upon the spot; 
dierefore appointed a committee of the Synod to go to Goshen with the 
^ U power of the Synod to hear and determine tliat business. The persons 
ippoioted for said committee arc Mr. Andrews, Mr. Cross, Mr. Dickinson, 
Br. Pierson, Mr. Webb, Mr. Pumry, and Mr. Pemberton, or any three of 
fan, though it is expected they will all use their diligence to go. The time 
of meeting to be the third Wednesday of May next. 

Adjourned till the third Wednesday of September next, at two o'clock, 
hM.f and then to meet at Philadelphia. 

At a Synod held at Philadelphia, 

Septef7d>er 20(h, 11Z2. Post preees sederunt, 
Hinislers present : Messrs. 'i'homas Craighead, Jedidiah Andrews, John 
Thomson, John Pierson, William Tennent, George Gillespie, Joseph Mor- 

& James Anderson, Jonathan Dickinson, John Cross, Hugh Conn, John 
», William Stewart, Eleazar Wales, Ebenezer Pemberton, Joseph Hous- 

Ha, Riehard Treat, Robert Cathcart, William Orr, William Bertram. 

Elders present: Messrs. William McMaughan, Huffh Scott, William Gray,* 
Andrew Hamilton, John Neven, Robert Linton, Abecmego Thomas, William 
Blair, James Donald. 

Ministers absent: Messrs. Samuel Gelston, David Evans, Gilbert Tennent, 
Adam Boyd, Henry Hook, Ebenezer Goold, Robert Cross, Alexander Hutch- 
iiison« Hugh Stephenson, Samuel Pumry, John Bradner, Thomas Evans, 
Ruid Elmer, Joseph Webb, NathaniA Hubbell. 

Mr. Stewart was chosen moderator, and Mr. Dickinson clerk. 

Mr. Morgan, the last moderator, opened the Synod with a sermon from 
^sal. czzxviil. 2. 

The Rev. Mr. William Bertram desiring admission into this Synod, and 
rodacing most ample testimonials from the Presbytery of Bangor, in Ireland, 
f his ordination, ministerial qualifications, and regular Christian conversation. 



100 MUiUTSS OF THB 

after his declaring his full and free assent unto the Westminster Confesno 
and Catechisms as the confession of his faith, the Synod unanimously am 
cheerfully complied with his desire of admissbn as a member of this SymA 

The moderator and Mr. Orme not having opportunity before, eitherf 
Presbytery or Synod, did now declare their hearty assent unto the d 
sion of Faith and Catechisms of Westminster, adopting them as the 
sion of their faith. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last Synod be read. 

The moderator, with Messrs. Orme, Houston, Pemberton, and Wi 
offered the reasons of their absence from the Synod last year, which 
sustained. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow morning. 

21 day. At 9 6* dock ^ postpreeet sederunt oui 9upm, 

Mr. Webb's reasons of his absence, by Mr. Dickinson, ana Mr. Dal 
Evans's reasons for his absence, sent by letter, were sustained. jj 

Masters Andrews, I'homson, Pierson, Craighead, Anderson, and Didw 
son, appointed to be a committee for the fund, and for any other business dii| 
the Synod shall recommend unto them. 

Mr. Houston and Mr. Conn appointed to revise the Presbytery book 4 
Philadelphia. 

Mr. Ajidrews and Mr. Dickinson appointed to revise the Presbytery book 
of New Castle. i 

Inquiry being made who had collections for the fund, it was found that Vi^ 
Gillespie had brought something. And it is further most earnestly recoaii 
mended by the Synod to take care that the yearly collections for the fund fai 
not forgotten, but that the respective congregations be earnestly pressed by Al 
ministers to exercise their charity in this matter. 

llie committee for the fund appointed to meet at two o'clock, poet merU. 

Masters Andrews, Cross, Dickinson, Pierson, Craighead, and HoustoDy ^i 
pointed to be the commission o^e Synod for tlie year ensuing. 

Inquiry being made of the committee appointed to ffo to Groshen in Uej 
last, it was found that by reason of the great progress of the small-pox on Ai 
road, and some other reasons, the appointment was not attended, it is tbflr^ 
fore now recommended to the Presbytery of Philadelphia to take caie of tkri 
affair, and pursue the most probable methods to heal the unhappy breach b» 
tween Mr. Bradner and Samuel Nealy, if that difference be not already ac- 
conunodated. 

Adjourned till four o'clock, P. M. 

Atjfbttr 0* clocks P. M. poetprtcee eederunt am supra. 

Mr. John Cross having but this day been maide a member of^ the Synod, 
and withdrawing to return home without acquainting the Synod therewith, if 
voted to be disorderly and irregular. 

It being overtured by the committee of overtures, that an erection of a nen 
Presbytery in Lancaster county, should be appointed by the Synod, it wac 
voted by a great majoriur, that Masters Anderson, Thomson, Boyd, Orr, anJ 
Bertram, be members of'^a Presbytery by the name of Dunagall Presbytciy. 

The Synod for some reasons, thought fit to defer the revisal of the Presby 
tery books until the next year. 

Voted by the Synod, nemine contradicente^ that Mr. Orr preach to-morroiR 
night. 

Adjourned till the third Wednesday of September next, at two o'clock 
P. M. and then to meet at Philadelphia. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 10|, 

3mod held at Philadelphia, 

September 19/A, 1733. Post precet nderunt^ 
era : Messrs. Thomas Craighead, Jedidiah Andrews, John Thom- 
n Pierson, Joseph Morgan, James Anderson, Eleazer Wales, 
louston, Richard Treat, Daniel Elmer, George Gillespie, William 
, Robert Cathcart, William Orr, William Bertram, Samuel Gelston, 
irans, Adam Boyd, Alexander Hutchinson, Hugh Stevenson, Thomas 
(enjamin Campbell, John Nutman, Gilbert Tennent 
present : Messrs. William Gray, John CaldweM, Thomas Mitchdl, 
[cNight, James Abraham, Thomas Rees, James Young, Benjamin 
William Dateman, John Kirkpatrick, Robert Boyd, William Stmson, 
\x White, Abraham Kitchell, Roberl Jameson, George Renocks, 
i^allace. 

ers absent: Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, John Cross, Hugh Conn, 
ne, William Stewart, Ebenezer Pemberton, Henry Hook, Ebenezer 
U>bert Cross, Samuel Pumry, Joseph Webb, Nathaniel Hubbell. 
tewart, the last year's moderator j being absent through indisposition ^ 
mson opened the Synod with a sermon from Jer. xvii. 0. 
)11 being called over it was found that the Rev. Mf. John Bradner was 
le our last Synod. 

»seph Houston was chosen moderator, and Mr. Thomas Evans cleric, 
s. Stewart, Webb, and Hook, sent letters to excuse their absence, 
ere appro ven. And upon the representation made by Mr. Treat and 
f the reason of the absence of Mr. John Cross, he was excused for 
ice this year. The reasons of the absence of Mr. Robert Cross, sent 
, not being satisfactory, the consideration of his absence both last year 
were deferred till our next. 
m1. That our last yearns minutes be read. 

rs Boyd, Hutchinson, Stevenson, Gilbert Tennent, Gelston, Elmer, 
mas Evans, gave &e reasons of tiieir absence last year, which were 
I. 

rs Andrews, Thomson, Pierson, Craighead, Anderson, Boyd, and 
jTator, appointed to be a committee for the fund, and any business that 
h1 shall recommend unto them. 

rs Gillespie and Hutchinson appointed to revise the Presbytery book 
lelphia. 

^bytery books of New Castle and Dunagall being absent. Ordered,. 
y be brought at our next Synod. 

sd. That £e committee meet at eight of the clock to-morrow morning, 
med till ten of the clock to-morrow morning. 

\ day, at ten o^ clock, ante meridiem, post preces, sederunt qui ixjipra^ 

sd, That the minutes of our last sederunt be read. 

y beinff made who had brought collections for the fund, it was found 

Iters Thomson, Anderson, Gillespie, Boyd, and Thomas Evans, had 

something. And it being found that most of our member^ had ne- 

Q times past to bring collections, it was ordered, that every member 

rnod do use their endeavours with their respective congregations, to 

Jections yearly to the fund, and that in order to their greater success, 

ember who hath not yet had a copy of the Synod's letter relating to 

r, shall not fail to procure one, and itaaprove it with their respective 

Ltions and sessions, according to the design thereof. 

ed. That ^e commission of the Synod bring in an account of their 

aent with respect to the fund, at our next sederunt, 

n Andrews, Anderson, Gillespiei Robert Cross, Dickinson, Pierson^ 

9« 



lOQ MINUTES OF THE 

Craighead, and the moderator, be the cominiflBion of Ifae Bjrnod for die j^ 
enflumg. '' 

Inquiry being made of the difference between Mr. Bradner and Ssn 
Neaiy, it was reported that some time before Mr. Bradner*s death the bpefji 
between them was made up; the said Nealy submitting to the S3mod'8 im 
mination. ■" 

The further consideration of Mr. John Cross his withdrawing froai^l 
Synod last year, deferred to our next. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. 

-•< 
*St three o'clock, P. M, Post preces, sederunt qui Mupr^^ 

The commission of the Synod for last year brought in an account of Ae 
management with respect to the fund, which being read was approved. 

Upon a supplication of the people of Trenton, presented to the S3mod I 
the committee of the Synod, it was recommended by said committee, that ll 
commission of the Synod do allow something out of the fund to Trenton,! 
to them shall appear needful, when they are setded with a minister; wfak 
overture being read was approved by the Synod, nemine contradieente. 

The affair of Hanover coming under consideration, and many papers htk 
read to give light to the Synod in that affair, it was agreed that the commiMi 
bring in an overture on said business at our next sederunt. 

Ordered, That the committee meet at eight of the clock to-morrow moinii| 

Adjourned till ten of the clock to-morrow morning. 

21 da}/, at ten o^ clock, A, M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of our last sederunt be read. 

The committee having spent much time in reasoning on the affair of Haa 
ver committed to them, at length agreed upon an overture on it in the folloi 
ingarticles, viz. 

First, That the Synod look upon the practice of submitting of congreg 
tional affairs to the decision of a lot, though accompanied with sacred solei 
nity, to be unwarrantable, inasmuch as lots are only warrantably used to i 
cide matters that can't be otherwise determined in a rational way ; particolid 
by applying to higher judicatories. 

Secondly, The Synod do think that in their present circumstances of pofC 
ty and weakness, it might be very advisable for the people of West Hanove 
at least for some time, to join themselves with the congregations of El 
Hanover, and Basking Ridge, as may be most convenient, until they, as wf 
as the said neighbouring congregations, be more able to subsist of themsdv 
separately. Yet in the mean time, as the case now stands with that peopi 
if re-union between East and West Hanover be found impracticable, accof 
ing to our above advice, the Synod judge that the people of West Hanof 
be lef^ to their liberty to erect themselves into a separate congregation. Widi 
we earnestly obtest and beseech, that nothing be done in that ^air that nu 
have a tendency to hurt the interest of religion in those places, so far as 
them lies. ^;^ 

The above overture being rjw, was approven by a great majoiity of votj 

Adjourned till three of the clock, P. M. 

At three of the clock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra* 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Mr. Andrews having made a motion to the committee of overtures, that 

assistant be allowed unto him in the work of the ministry in this city ; and 1 

committee after discoursing upon it, having reconmiended the considerati 

thereof to the Synod, upon this proviso, that if the said motion be allowed 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 103 

[jilfiotcid, thore be first a suffident provision made for an honourable main- 

tBumce of Mr. Andrews, during his continuance among this people; the Synod 

~ vpoB the consideration of said motion, and after considerable discourse 

it» it was put to the vote, whether Mr. Andrews should be allowed to 

sa anistant, if first suffioient provision be made for his honourable main- 

during his life among them, and it was carried in the affirmative, 

aminuHeenie. 

kis further Ordered, by the Synod, That the committee of overtures meet 

Ail evening, and consult about what may be necessary to prepare a way for 

the said motion into execution, as well as to prepare other business for 

iSjriiod. 

The committee ordered to meet at eight of the clock to-morrow morning. 

Adjouined till ten o'clock to-morrow morning. 

22 dwf, Jt ten o* clock, A. M, Post preces, aedentrU qui supra. 
Oideied, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
>^ The conunittee reported that the ^afiair of Mr. Andrews's motion for an 
Mistant is yet under consideration. 

I Upon an overture to the Synod in pursuance of an order of the committee 

duU purpose, viz. to use some proper means to revive the declining power 

if godliness, the Synod do eamesdy recommend it to all our ministers and 

.•jPMiben, to take particular care about ministerial visiting of families, and press 

> fiuaily and secret worship, according to the Westminster Directory, and that 

they also recommend it to every Presbytery, at proper seasons to inquire con- 

. fiUniog the diligence of each of their members in such particulars. 

This overture was approved, nemine contradicente. 
^ :, Qideied, That each Presbytery take a copy of said overture, together with 
-flbb order, and insert the same in their Presbytery books. 

Upon an overture of the committee to the Synod, concerning a representa- 

;«^$opL of Mr. Hugh Stevenson, respecting harsh and injurious usage which he 

•iPitwith from some gentlemen in Virginia, the Synod ordered Mr. Stevenson 

•^iB^ky a representation thereof before them, which he accordingly did in wri- 

y tag. And after hearing the same, and reasoning upon it, it was agreed that a 

mer be writ by the Synod, and sent to the General Assembly of the Church 

• of Scotland, together witli a copy of Mr. Stevenson*s representation, in order 

,.ISMie our interest with that venerable Assembly for our being assisted with 

i^maiity from the societies for the propagation of religion, or elsewhere to ena- 

i:<Ueya to maintain some itinerant ministers in Virginia or elsewhere; as also to 

- iHieiire their assistance to obtain tlie favourable notice of the government in 

ffrfh"^! 80 as to lay a restraint upon some gentlemen in said neighbouring 

anrince, as may discourage them from hampering such itinerant ministers by 

f JMIgal prosecutions ; and Sf it may be, to procure some assistance from his 

 ueaty for our encouragement by way o^regium donum. 

Ordered, That Masters Andrews, Anderson, Thomson, and Stevenson, 
, write the ^love letter, and bring it into the Synod to be approved on Monday 
■oming. 
Oidned, That the committee meet at eight of the clock on Monday morn- 

Adjourned till ten o'clock on Monday morning. 

24/A day 9 at ten of the clock, A. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 
An overtore being brought in from the committee of overtures about the 
MD^rtaininff Mr. Andrews his maintenance, in case of an assistant, the Synod 
had long discourse about the whole affair, and also had conference with some 



IQ^. MINUTES OF THE 

gentlemen members of this congregation, and at last agreed upon the follow 
ing conclusion. 

First, That the congregation be allowed to call an assistant to Mr. An 
drews. 

Secondly, That in order to secure Mr. Andrews's maintenance, those gttt 
tlemen who have expressed a desire of an assistant, shall not diminish, bnA 
rather strive, and as much as may be, increase their own subscriptions to hitt 
on their part; neither shall they endeavour to alienate any of the present sub^ 
scription of the congregation from Mr. Andrews. And inasmuch as the pifr 
sent subscription appears scanty, that all care shall be taken to get new svk 
scriptions to Mr. Andrews. m 

Thirdly, That he shall also have all the monthly collections. . I 

This was agreed to, nemine contradicente. 

Adjourned till three of the clock, P. M. > 

t . 

Jit three of the clock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. . , 

Ordered that the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

An overture from the committee upon a motion of a member of the Presbjf^ 
tery of Philadelphia, that the said Presbytery be divided into two PresbyteriM; 
The Synod approved of the said motion, and it is agreed that Messrs. Jedi- 
diah Andrews, Morgan, Evans, William Tennent, Treat, Elmer, Goold, ani 
Wales, be members of the Presbytery of Philadelphia, and that the rest of An 
members now in said Presbytery be the Presbytery of East Jersey. 

Overtured, That something be allowed to the congregations of Basking- 
ridge and Perth-Amboy, in pursuance of their applications for that purpose, 
in order to assist them in defraying the charges of their meeting-houses. And 
also something to a student All which was referred to the committee of the 
fund. 

Overtured, That something be allowed out of the fund to three ministers' 
widows, which was also referred to the committee of the fund. 

Mr. Nutman representing to the Synod, the great difficulties he is £allen 
under, as to his continuing pastor of the congregation of East-Hanover, by 
reason of the division and discord between them and the people of West- 
Hanover; they viz: of West-Hanover being allowed by this Synod, to erect 
themselves into a separate congregation, (in case, as per minutes of the Synod,] 
the Synod considering the same, do earnestly recommend it to the Presbytery 
of East- New- Jersey to travail with the people of West-Hanover and Eas^ 
Hanover, in order to prevail with them to agree upon conditions of reunioi^ 
at least for a while, until they be better able to subsist apart. But if the Pres- 
bytery's endeavours to this purpose should not have effect, it is this Synod'i 
judgment, that a dismission may be granted to Mr. Nutman from the peo- 
pie of East-Hanover, by the said Presbytery, upon his application for tbe 
same. 

Masters Andrews, Thomson, Anderson, and Stevenson, brought in the 
letter to be sent to the General Assembly of Scotland, which was approved o£ 

Ordered, That two copies of our letter from this Synod to the General 
Assembly of the church of Scotland, be sent as per minutes, and that Mr« 
Andrews is appointed to write and send one, and Mr. Stevenson the other. 

Ordered, That a particular account of the state of the fund be prepared by 
the commission of the Synod, in order to bring it in to our Synod next year, 
to be inserted in our minutes. 

Adjourned till the third Wednesday of September next, at two of the clocks 
P. M. Concluded with prayer. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA* ]^ 

nod held at Philadelphia, 

September 18, 1734. Ubi post preces sedenmit 
•3 : Messrs. Thomas Craighead, Jedidiah Andrewa, John Thom8(Hi« 
son, Joseph Morgan, James Anderson, Eleazer Wales, Joseph 
Etichard Treat, Daniel Elmer, William Tennent, Robert Gathcart, 
rr, David Evans, Adam Boyd, Benjamin Campbell, Samuel Hemp- 
Nutman, Gilbert Tennent, Jonathan Dickinson, John Crosd, Ebe- 
iberton, Robert Cross, Samuel Pumry, Joseph Webb, Andrew 
James Martin, Robert Jamison, George Gillespie, Henry Hook, 
Hutchinson, Ebenezer Goold. 

Messrs. William Gr^, Andrew Hamilton, Alexander McNight, 
tUss, James Smith, Charles Hufty, William Ramsey, William 
id Patterson, James Abraham, James Cochran, Benjamin Beech, 
[atfield, Elias Bailies, Adam Renkin. 
iuezer Pemberton was chosen moderator, and Mr. Daniel Elmer 

iston, last year's moderator, opened the Syno^ by a sermon from 

\. 

Andrews, Thomson, Pierson, Craighead, Anderson, Boyd, Gilles- 

ison, and Robert Cross, appointed a committee for the fond, and 

>usiness the Synod shall recommend unto them. 

ed till ten o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

imittee appointed to meet at eight of the dock. 

19 day, at ten o'clock, post preces, sederunt qui supra, 

year's minutes appointed to be read. 

s absent: Masters Bertram, Hugh Stevenson, Thomas Evans, 
n, John Orme, William Stewart, Nathaniel HuBbell. 
tram sent reasons of his absence, which were sustained. Messrs. 
, Dickinson, and Robert Cross, gave the reasons of their absence 
irhich were sustained. 

bb and Mr. Nutman, appointed to revise the Presbytery book of 
e. ' Messrs. Orr and Campbell, to revise the Presbytery book of 
ia. Messrs. Houston and Pumry, to revise the Presbytery book 
sey. 

er with respect to the bringing the Presbytery book of Dunagall, 
ade last year, is renewed now. 

being made who had brought collections from their respective con- 
to the fund, it was found that Messrs. Andrews, Thomson, Pierson, 
Houston, Treat, William Tennent, Cathcart, Orr, Evans, Boyd, 

Hutchinson, had brought something. 

Andrews, Anderson, Thomson, Gillespie, Robert Cross, Dickin- 
•n, Craighead, and the moderator, appointed to be the commission 
)d for the year ensuing. 

I Cross having given the reasons of his withdrawing from the Synod 
erty, the year before last, acknowledged the disorder thereof, which 
rment was accepted by the Synod. 

being made with respect to the overture made last Synod, in order 
le decaying power of godliness ; and it being found that it has not 
lly put into execution, the Synod do not only renew the said order, 
[y obtest every of our brethren of the ministry, conscientiously and 
D pursue the good designs thereof. 

That the last year's minutes with relation to Mr. Nutman and the 
[anover, be further considered. 



1()5 MINUTES OF THE 

Ordered, That the account of the state of the fund be brought in the lU 
sederunt. 
Ordered, That the committee meet at three o'clock, P. M. .^' 

Adjourned till four o'clock, P. M. .'l^J 

Jtifour 0^ clock, P. M, post preceSj sederunt qui suprtu /J 

Minutes of the last sederunt ordered to be read. '^ 

The affair of Mr. Nutman and Hanover continued. ^ 

The consideration of the state of the fund continued. , vim 
Adjourned to ten o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

20 day J at ten o^ clock, post preces, sederunt qtd npro* ' 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The affair of Mr. Nutman further continued. The consideration of the i 
of the fund further continued. 

There being a petition from the people of Smithbury, that they may be 
under the Presbytery of East Jersey, the Synod complied with the said 
tion, and appointed that they belong accordingly to the said Presbytery. 

The affair of Mr. Cross's transportation from Jamaica to Philadel 
came under consideration, and accordingly the minutes of the commissioiii 
the Synod, and of the committee appointed by the commission relating to ' 
affair being read, and the commissioners from Philadelphia and Jamaica ~ 
heard at length, as to their reasons and arguments pro and con; as also 
Cross having declared himself upon that affair, wherein he devolved hii 
wholly upon the determination of the Synod ; and several brethren hai 
proposed queries in reference to the several arguments pro and con^ ia oi 
to ^ater light; the Synod defer the fnrther consideration of the whole a^^ 
unUi the next sederunt. 

Adjourned to three o'clock, P. M. 

M three o^ clock, P. M. postpreces sederunt qui stiprtu^^i 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. ' ''; 

The affair of Mr. Nutman continued. The affair of the fund also con* i 
tinued. 

The affau: of Mr. Cross's transportation from Jamaica to Philadelphia, caiW9\ j 
again under consideration. Upon which it was proposed by a member of tb0 j 
8ynod, that inasmuch as it is suggested that there are not a few of this ood*, • 
gregation who desire not Mr. Cross's transportation to Philadelphia; and tl^ ; 
this congregation may not be cut out of the right that they have, accordiBgt0- 
our Presbyterian constitution, to offer their objections ; the Synod by a gMl 
majority of votes agreed that this affair be deferred until to-morrow momiligr. 
and that public advertisement be given this evening to this congregation, ^ 
if there be any of this congregation, who have any thing to object against Mr. 
Cross's being settled here at Philadelphia, they may appear and offer whit 
they have to say upon this affair, that the Synod may judge thereof befioare 
they proceed to determine this momentous affair by vote. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

21 day, at nine o^ clock, post preces, sederunt qui supra* 

The minutes of the last sederunt ordered to be read. 

The affairs of Mr. Nutman and the fund yet continued. 

Some overtures brought in by Mr. Gilbert Tennent, deferred. 

The affair respecting Mr. Cross's transportation from Jamaica to PhUft- 
delphia reassumed. And the Synod being deeply sensible of the great im- 
portance of the present debate, appointed that a solemn prayer to Ood for 



SYNOD OP PHILADELPHIA. 107 

nistance and direction be made before we enter upon the consideration of it, 
iA another prayer before we proceed to a vote, which were accordingly 
lone ; and ailer the most critical examination of the affair, and the solemn 
ipyloiing the divine assistance, the matter was put to vote, and carried against 
Mi. Cross's transportation. 
idyoumed till four o'clock, P. M . 

Jit four 6* clocks postpreces sederunt qui supra. 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
^ Mr. Nutman's affair still continued ; and the affair of the fund continued ; 

etfae affair of Mr. Gilbert Tennent, respecting the overtures brought in by 
9 continued till monday, P. M. 

The Rev. Mr. Samuel Hemphill, being recommended by the Presbytery of 
Btaaban* in Ireland, to all their reverend brethren, where the providence of 
■wd shall call him, and he also bringing ample and satisfactory certificates 
Bom the same Presbytery, of his qualifications for and ordination to the sacred 
Iniiatryy he is, upon his desire, admitted a member of this Synod, and re- 
Bbmmended to the regards and assistance of whichsoever of our Presbyteries 
^1 abode shall be fixed among. 

- An appeal being brought in by Masters John Kirkpatrick and John Moor, 
turn the Presbytery of Dunagall, the Synod appointed that Messrs. Jedidiah 
lyndrews, William Tennent, Richard Treat, Alexander Hutchinson, George 
fliBeapie, Thomas Evans, and Henry Hook, be a committee to meet at Not- 
jjiwham on the first Wednesday of November next, to hear the said appeal 
^H to determine it by the authority of the Synod, they bringing an account 
rf Amr transactions dierein to the next Synod. And the Synod do also em- 
Mrer the said committee to hear any matter de novo, that shall be brought 
fdbre tfiem by the said John Kirkpatrick and John Moor, with relation to the 
aiair afuresaid, and authoritatively determine thereupon. Appointing also, 
'4iat if either party do appeal from the determination of the said committee, 
Aey shall enter their appeal immediately, that it may be finally determined by 
iAesezt Synod. 

Adjourned to Monday at ten o'clock, A. M. 

23 day, at ten o^ clock, Jl. M, post preces sederunt, qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Tne affair of the fund yet continued. 

Ordered, Tl^at Messrs. Anderson, Thomson, Dickinson, and Cross, draw 
ttin overtnre upon Mr. Gilbert Tennent*s overtures, to be presented to the 
djBod to-morrow morning. 

Onlered, That the Synod make a particular inquiry during the time of their 
■eeting every year, whether such ministers as have been received as mem- 
btin since the foregoing meeting of the Synod, have adopted, or have been re- 
faired by the S3niod, or by the respective Presbyteries, to adopt the West- 
niiister Confession and Catechisms with the Directory, nccording to the acts 
•Tthe Synod made some years since for that purpose, and that also the report 
Bade to the Synod in answer to said inquiry, be recorded in our minutes. 

Mr. Samuel Pumry, Mr. James Martin, Mr. Robert Jamison, and Mr. 
Simuel Hemphill, declared for, and adopted, the Westminster Confession, 
Cuechisms, and Directory commonly annexed, the former as the confession 
of their faith, and the latter as the guide of their practice in matters of disci- 
pline, as far as may be agreeable to the rules of prudence, &c. as in the adopt- 
iBgacts of this Synod is directed. 

Piumiant to act of Synod, found upon inquiry that Mr. William Tennent, 
JBidory Mr. Andrew Archbold ordained, and Mr. Samuel Blair licenced, did 



IQQ MINUTES OF THE 

each and every of them declare their assent, and consent to the WestminUr 
Confession and Catechisms, and Directory annexed, according to the intent il 
the act of Synod in that case made and provided. 

Resolved, That the affair of Mr. Nutman, from time to time continnedfte 
first considered the next sederunt. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M . -■ : 

Jtt three 6* clocks P. M. Post preces aedenmt qui wpra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt he read. 

The affair of the fund continued. 

Ordered, That Mr. Kobert Cross, and the moderator, as soon as leifll-; 
will permit, do write a letter to Col. Ogden, in return to his io the Synods 
bearing date September 16, 1734. 

The affair of Mr. Nutman and the people of Hanover resumed, and tAVj 
reading our last year's minutes, and Mr. Dickinson proposing a difficulty d 
ceming the obligation of the determination by the lot mentioned in ajli 
minutes, whether tlie obligation of the said determination yet remains bindil|1 
upon said people, the Synod after much discourse and reasoning about ti4| 
matter, at length came to a judgment in the following propositions. 1 1 

1 . That the Synod look upon the obligation of a determination of a diffemv ' 
by a lot, to be sacred and binding upon the conscience, if the matter so dekt] 
mined be lawful and practicable, and consequently to act contrary therewi! j 
must be a very great sin. • \ 

2. That as the foundation upon which a lot is cast may cease, and the pw< 
ticablene^s of acting according to the determination thereof may, in time, csMl i 
also, (though for a time it may continue practicable,) in such a case we jii4|l 
that the obligation thereof doth cease also, because \i can never be desiiMi ' 
tliat such an obligation should remain after the design thereof becomes eitlui 
impossible, or hath been fully obtained. 

3. Our determination last year relating to the people of Hanover, did whoi^ 
go upon this supposition, that the affairs of that people and their circumstancei 
were so far altered, upon representations then made to us, that we suppoiri 
the foundation of said lot, and of the people's acting upon it were ceaie4t 
which, whether it be certainly so or not, we do not peremptorily determine 
but leave parties to judge thereof as in conscience they can. i 

4. That however, as in our minutes last Synod, we disapprove of the use 
of lots, without necessity, yet we are afraid, upon representation, that then 
hath been much sin committed by many if not all that people, in their profim 
disregard of said lot in time past, and therefore excite them to reflect uplift 
their past practices in reference thereunto, in order to their repentance. 

Adjourned till nine of the clock to-morrow morning. 

24 day. At nine o'clock^ A. M. Poatpreces^ sederunt qui wprtL 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
The affair of the fund continued. i 

Mr. Gilbert Tennent having brought some overtures into the Synod wilh 
respect to tlie trials of candidates, both for the ministry and the Lord's Sup; 
per, that diere be due care taken in examining into the evidences of the gvaes 
of God in them, as well as of tlieir other necessary qualifications, the Synod 
doth unanimously agree, that as it has been our principle and practice, and fli 
it is recommended in the Directory for worship and government, to be oaieftu 
in this matter, so it awfully concerns us to be most serious and solemn in the 
trials of botli sorts of candidates above mentioned. And this Synod does there- 
fore in the name and fear of God, exhort and obtest all our Presbyteries to 
take special care not to admit into the sacred office, loose, careless^ and indi- 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 109 

nmn persons, but that they particularly inquire into the conversations, con- 

iact, and behaviour of such as offer themselves to the ministry, and tliat they 

Ai!tigently examine all the candidates for the ministry in their experiences of 

^voik of sanctifying grace in their hearts, and that they admit none to the 

ncred trust that are not in the eye of charity serious Christians. And the 

Synod does also seriously and solemnly admonish all the ministers within our 

bnnds to make it their awful, constant, and diligent care, to approve them- 

idres to God, to their own consciences, and to their hearers, serious, faithful 

Awards of the mysteries of God, and of holy and exemplary conversations. 

iad die Synod does also exhort all the ministers within our bounds to use due 

IR in examining those they admit to the Lord's Supper. 

-' This admonition was approved by tlie whole Synod. 

And the Synod does further recommend unanimously, to all our Presby- 
Mes, to take effectual care that each of their ministers are faithful in the dis- 
tkn^ of their awful trust. And in particular, tliat they frequently examine, 
Ml respect to each of their members, into their life and conversation, their 
lliifence in their work, and their methods of discharging their ministerial call- 
Ill. Particularly that each Presbytery do, at least once a year, examine into 
ie manner of each minister's preaching, whether he insist in his ministry 
I IpOB the great articles of Christianity, and in the course of his preaching re- 
Hmmend a crucified Saviour to his hearers as the only foundation of hope, 
Md the absolute necessity of the tmini potent iniluenccs of the Divine grace to 
ioable them to accept of this Saviour; whether he do in the most solemn and 
ifeeting manner he can, endeavour to convince his hearers of their lost and 
Iwenible state whilst unconverted, and put them upon the diligent use of 
iote means necessary in order to obtaining the sanctifying influences of the 
Vpiritof God; whether he do, and how he doth, discharge his duty towards 
m young people and children of his congregation, in a way of catechising 
■d familiar instruction ; whether he do, and in what manner he doth, visit 
Mi iock and instruct them from house to house. 

And the Synod hereby orders, that a copy of this minute be inserted into 
fc books of each of our Presbyteries, and be read at every of their Presby- 
tanl meetings, and a record of its being read minuted in said hooks at the be- 
(ining of every session, and that there be also an annual record in each Pres- 
^teiy book of a correspondence with this minute. 

And in case any minister within our bounds shall be found defective in any 
tf Ae abovementioned cases, he shall be subject to the censure of the Presby- 
^, and if he refuse subjection to such censure, the Presbytery are hereby 
meted to represent his case to the next synod. And the Synod recommencls 
to eich of the ministers within our bounds to be as much in catechetical doe- 
kioes as they in prudence may think proper. 

The Synod determines that no minister of our persuasion, in the govern- 
ment of Pennsylvania, and the lower counties, from this time forward, marry 
hf any license from the governor, till the form of them be altered and brought 
Jd I nearer conformity to those of the neighbouring governments of New York 
ad New Jersey ; and particularly till they are altered in such a manner as 
bih no peculiar respect to the ministers of the Church of England, nor oblige 
m to any of the forms and ceremonies peculiar to that church. And do fur- 
ka agree to refer it to the Presbyteries of New Casde and Douegall con- 
|Medj to make what regulations they see cause for upon the affair of licenses 
vitk respect to their own members. 
Adjooimed to three o'clock, P. M. 

At three d* clocks P. J/. jH^st preee$ sederunt qui supra. 

Ab aeoount of the fund being brought in it appcian that Oetcter the •5i2d, 
10 



1 iO BflNUTES OF THE 

1733, the sum total amounted to five hundred and seven pounds, sixteen sbjli 
lings and ten pence. H 

A reference being made by the Presbytery of New Castle to the Bymk 
concerning Mr. Gelston's suspension, upon the account of drunkenness fl||: 
some other crimes, the Synod finding Mr. Gelston to be absent, andfl '" 
no reason to take off the suspension, do continue it till our next Synod. 

The Presbytery books of Philadelphia, New Castle, and East Jersey, 
brought in and approved. i?i 

Ordered, That each Presbytery have a copy of these minutes, and of di' 
the minutes of the Synod annually, for the time to come, and that the derklK 
satisfied for writing the said copies out of the fund. 

Ordered, That me commission of the Synod do take care of the fund. 

Adjourned to the third Wednesday of September next, at two o*d( 
P. M., and then to meet at Philadelphia. Concluded with prayer. 

At a Synod held at Philadelphia, 

September 17, 1735. Ubi posi preces MederwiU 
Ministers: Messrs. Thomas Craighead, Jedidiah Andrews, John Tf 
son, Joseph Morgan, James Anderson, Eleazer Wales, Joseph Houslk^ 
Richard Treat, Daniel Elmer, Robert Calhcart, David Evans, Adam Bop 
Jonathan Dickinson, John Cross, George Gillespie, Alexander UutchinM 
Ebenezer Pemberton, Robert Cross, Joseph Webb, Samuel Blair, Andisf 
Archbold, Robert Jamison, Ebenezer Goold, Thomas Evans, Hugh StcivMh 
son, John Orme, Isaac Chalker, Hugh Carlisle, James Martin. 

Elders: Messrs. James Gait, William Gray, William Whiteside, Am 
Galbaith, John Latham, Nathaniel Britain, James Bravarb, Ephraim Loj 
David Griffith, Samuel Jack, Asa Gildersheve, William McMachin, 
James, John Smith, Joseph Steel, William Bratten. 

Ministers absent: Messrs. John Pierson, William Tennent, William Otff 

John Nutman, Gilbert Tennent, William Tennent, junior, Samuel Pmni^f 

Simon Horton, Henry Hook, William Bertram, Hugh Conn, NathniiA 

Hubbel. ^;i 

Mr. Robert Cross was chosen moderator, and Mr. Richard Treat derk. . u 

Mr. Pemberton, the last year's moderator, opened the Synod by a senMii 

on John xii. 26. ' ^ 

Adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow morning. ^ 

18/A day 9 at nine of the clock, post preces sederunt qui supra^ 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. ;. 

Messrs. Pierson, Nutman, Conn, and Bertram, sent reasons of their lb* 
sence, which were sustained. ^ 

Ordered, That the last year's minutes be read. 

Upon calling over the roll it was found that Messrs. Stewart and Campbdl 
are dead since our last Synod. 

Messrs. Andrews, Thomson, Craighead, Anderson, Boyd, Gillespie, Didkf 
inson, Pemberton, and the moderator, appointed to be a committee for Ibt 
fund, and any other business the Synod shall recommend to them. ^^ 

Messrs. Thomas Evans, Orme, and Stevenson, gave the reasons of fluJlK 
absence last year, which were sustained. 

Messrs. Pemberton and Dickinson appointed to revise the Presbytery bock 
of Philadelphia, and Messrs. Stevenson and Martin the Presbytery book H 
Donegall. ;* 

The Presbytery books of New Casde and East Jersey not being broo^ 
are ordered to be brought next Synod. 

Inquiry being made who had brought collections to the fiind, it waa buai 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. m 

mX Messrs. Andrews, Thomson, Anderson, David Evans, Boyd, Dickinson, 
Vebb, Thomas Evans, Gillespie, and Pierson, had got 9ome. 
' Messrs. Andrews, Anderson, Thomson, Gillespie, Dickinson, Pemberton, 
HsnoOy Craighead, Thomas Evans, and the moderator, appointed to be the 
MUBssion of the Synod for the year ensuing. 

Whereas the commission of the Synod did meet some time in April last. 
Moed, That an account of their proceedings be brought in after we have 
ittied the reading of the last year's minutes.* 



* The committee met at Nottingham, according to appointment of the last Synod, and 
Isfpijj accom m odated their difTerences, whose conduct was approved by the Synod, and 
% lecoont of the whole of this proceeding ordered to be recorded in the Synod book, 
mk minutes and articles of agreement, which was as foUoweth, viz. 

first, the minates. 

At a meeting of the committee appointed by the last Synod to meet at Nottingham, on 
IVadocsda/, the 6th day of November, 1734, to settle some differences that had arisen 
koe, mhipM preeea Bederunt, Mr. Georf^o Gillespie, Mr. Alexander Hutchinson, Mr. 
HwsiSi Evans, Mr. Richard Treat, and Air. Jedidiah Andrews. 
 TWo of the members that were appointed, namely, Mr. William Tennent, and Mr. 
mmrf Hook, were absent. 

,Jlr. Andrews was chosen moderator, and Mr. Evans clerk. 

' Ordered, That the minates of the Synod relating to the affair now depending, should 
bleed, which was accordingly done. 

Mb Kirkpatrick being called, produced several papers relating to the matter of dif- 
faenoe between him and Mr. Orr, which were read, as also the minutes of the Donegull 
^libytery relating to the said affair, and tlie committee after just entering upon the 
Air, finding things too tedious to finish any thing this evening, defer the consideration 
tflbs whole till to-morrow morning. 

Adfoomed till nine of the clock to-morrow morning. 

1th day, at nine o'clock^ po$t preees itderunt qui $upra, 

Qlriereda That the minates of the last aederunt be rMid. j • 

'Tie matter of difference between Jolm Kirkpatrick and Mr. Orr being reassum' . ^' J^ 
AeiCated members of DoncErall Presbytery being interrogated about Sieir pres^^"^^^ 
Iheats, whether, upon a review, and more mature deliberation on said affair, thtflin OUT 

ea vindication of the whole of their judgment, they did all of them candidly cvm, or 
mistake or error in two particulars. 1. In their not hearing and discussing^^l^Qy 
Gri[patrick*s supplication as they should have done, which they judge might l^ur • j_ 
*hole affair. S. In not giving him copies of some papers as he desired, which omis^ T 
iqr say, were much owing to the want of time, and the disturbance things wcr ^^^ 
MoBg the p^ple. ^fit 

Tbt committee in an interloquitnr, in order to shorten matters, agreed to advise bot 
FVties to try to moderate the differences among them, by choosing two indifferent per- 
iBi en each side to labour in the affair, which was done, and the whole afternoon was 
^Rrtln it 
Adjoamed to nine of the clock to-morrow morning. 

Bth day^ at nine ol'eloek, poit preeea aederunt qui aupra. 

The committee inqaired whether any thing was done by the persons that were chosen 
ky each party, in order to an accommodation, and found that they had drawn up certain 
■tidei^ which they tliought reasonable for all parties to agree in, which, after much 
piaa and diligence used by said persons, were consented unto publicly, by all parties, 
Ifd were approved of by the committee, unto the great joy and satisfaction of all con- 
MuuL 

On occasion of a motion made by one of the members, the committee thought fit to 
bdue, that though they utterly dislike a captious, querulous frame of spirit and car- 
hfjb in any person or people, with respect to ministers and their preaching, yet they 
nU that people have the privilege of a judgment of discretion upon what they hear in 
kepoUic ministry; which privilege we judge notwithstanding should be prudently and 
Aerly used, with regard to God*s glory and the edification of his Church und people. 

And whereas, some things have been uttered by Mr. Orr in his public ministry, which 
vn beta tbouflit by some, not so welt guarded as they should have been, upon au im- 



112 MINUTES OF THE 

Inquiry being made, according to the order of last Synod, whether tho^ 
adniitU^d into nny of our Presbyteries since last Synod have adopted the Weijf; 
minster Confession of Faith and Catechisms, &c. according to the adoptinf  
act of the Synod, it was reported, that Messrs. Isaac Chalker, Simon Ilortob '.. 
and Samuel Blair, ordained by the Presbytery of East Jersey, and Mr. Hiip^ 
Carlisle, admitted into New Casde Presbyter}', have done it in the sevm 
Presbyteries according to the order aforesaid. And Messrs. Isaac ChalUr 

m 
• •■ . 

portant point of divinity, the committee does, in trae brotherly Christian affbctioo, r^ 
commend it to Mr. Orr, to be watchful and careful how he express himself on sachmOi 
mentous doctrines for the ftiture, that all occasion of exception may be evaded. 

Whereas John Kirkpatrick, Hugh Kirkpatrick, John Moor, and John Smith, Kp» 
sented to the committee that Uiey laboured under some difficulty with respect to as ok 
lijratinn wherein they stand bound to make good Mr. Orr^s maintenance, from whicIi,H 
order to preserve the present peace among them, they desire to be released, the eoK j 
mittcc recommended it to the congregation to get new bondsmen, and release the tuik • 
persons from the said obligation. '" ; 

It being also ropresenled by John Kirkpatrick and John Moor, that they are difiiolft : 
cd about a bond they stand bound in, for building the meettng-honscy which should km : 
been paid before now, and for which they are in fear of being troubled, the committee lih . 
commend it to the members of the congregation to take care to pay off aaid bond as soil ' 
as possible may be. Concluded with prayer. 

Secondly, the articles of agreement 

NoUin^haw^ 9hn 7th. 1734. .^ 
Whereas it is this day recommended by the Reverend Committee to the contendi 
parties, that they choose, each party, two persons to assiitt them to come to terms 
Agreement, in order to put an end to the present tedious controversy in a way of mot 
concession and acknowledgment to each other, we, the persons chosen by the partiotf 
this purpose, having considered the proposals made by both parties to each other,' 
agreed to make the following proposals to both parties, to be by them acquiesced i 
'^sented unto, otherwise the matter to be remitted to the cognisance of the comii 
John ^ ^^^^ proposals had been made. 

q. tmis. That Mr. Orr acknowledge, that inasmuch as by reason of his na 
^^9^. he is something liable to act with an appearance of too great an air of im 
HubbeLgo j^ Bome of his managements in the session, he might bo faulty in that rrsi 
JMr.sorry if any thing of this kind hath given offence to John Kirkpatrick and ad 
M "and resolves to guard against any thing of tliat nature for the future. 
Q|. J That Mr. Orr and the session do acknowledge, that they acted with too much Ico 
A 'ds William Edrocston, considering the circumstances of his sins, and resolvo to i 
i more exact severity fbr the future, 
i. I'hat the congregation acknowledge, that the method they took to deal with Jil 
irkpatrick, Slc. in subscribing such a paper containing such accusations against Idi 
tf lies, which were not proven, and also the bitter satirical style in which it wbb «rr 
ten, was faulty and unjustifiable, and that they are heartily sorry for their so doing, bb 
resolve never to be guilty of the like again. 

4. That William McGill be restored to church privileges, without inquiring into tfal 
justice or injustice of his past censure. 

5. '1 liat John Kirkpatrick, and all his adherents, bo restored to their former goipd 
privileges, so far as is agreeable to gospel rules. 

6. That the substance of all the acknowledgment made by the members of this Frei- 
bytery be recorded in the Presbytery book. 

7. That John Kirkpatrick and his adherents acknowledge their rash and impmdeaft 
manner of discoursing of Mr. Orr's doctrine, representing it as false and erroneous, aai 
likewise their abrupt and irregular breaking off* from the session. 

£1. That if these articles be acquiesced in by both parties, that thay also resolve aad 
promise, mutually to each other, industriously for the future to take care not to repeal 
past matters of controversy, but bury all in oblivion, and endeavour by all proper meani 
to ansidt and cultivate true Christian charity and afTcction. 

Lastly. That if these articles are agreed to, the same shall be published before ibt 
committee, and the several parties shall publicly declare their acquiescence is them} ud 
after all, the contents hereof be recorded in the Presbytery book. 

Thus of the business of Nottingham. 



SYNOD OP PHILADELPHIA. 113 

id Hugh Carlisle not having seen the adopting act, have now had the same 
Htdto them, and do now concur in their assent to the terms of tiie adopt- 

That each Preshytery have the whole adopting act inserted in 




iMhPfeabytery book. 
Pwnwrs 



,   r>j. Pemberton and Cross did write to Col. Ogdcn, according to order 
H|iit year, and he not being yet satisfied, and the case being further opened 
ijpjfc. Webb, the Synod order Mr. Dickinson and Mr. Pemberton to bring 
m% letter for the Synod's approbation to be sent to him. 
, Adjounied till three of the clock, post merid. Concluded with prayer. 

Jit three of the clocks post merid. post precea sederunt qui supra. 
"'Oidered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
"^VTlie minutes of the last year not being yet finished, ordered to go on with 
tJ0 leading of them. 

^^lliere having been a complaint made by some members of the Presbytery 
if East Jersey, that the Presbytery are incapable to comply with the excellent 
ifcsign of the act of the last Synod, with respect to the trials of candidates for 
Be ministry, and of the fidelity of their own members in the discharge of their 
lUnisterial tmst, by reason that several of their members, and Mr. John Cross 
 particular, neglect to attend the stated meetings of Presbytery, and that Mr. 
loan Cross has, without the concurrence of the Presbytery, removed from 
me congregation to another: The Synod do declare that the conduct of such 
■iBiflters that do neglect attendance upon the meetings of the Presbytery 
Kthoat necessity, or that take the charge of any congregation without the 
piiri>yteiy*8 concurrence, to be disorderly and justly worthy of Presbyterial 
IPPOie* mnd do admonish said Mr. Cross, to be no further chargeable widi 
■l^iirBKularities for the future. 

^^•* /nod esteeming the act of last year with respect to the trial of can- 

IT the ministry, and examining into the methods of our ministers' dis- 

<f their awful trust, to be of greatest moment and importance, do, in 

Ogest maimer, exhort each Presbytery to an exact compliance with the 

A in all the parts of it. And do also exhort all the ministers within our 

^ to take due care in the examiiiation of all candidates for baptism, or 

pBr to dedicate tlieir children to God in that sacred ordinance, that they 

r ma of a regular life, and have suitable acquaintance with the princi- 
ple Christian religion; that that seal be not set to a blank, and 
' jBdi be not admitted to visible church relation that are manifestly unfit 

Jilonmrd till nine of the clock, to-morrow morning. 

f* 

f^ }9 day 9 at nine o'clock^ A, M, post preces, sederunt qui supra. 

The minntes of the last sederunt ordered to be read. 
i^dlpon reading last year's minutes relating to marriages by licenses, it is 
Mpposed there may be some exempt instances wherein the restraints of that 
del mrny be found too severe. The Synod therefore order, that each particu- 
||v Presbytery shall have full liberty to determine upon, and direct in such 
•ttrnpt caeci as they shall think convenient; provided always, that no minis- 
IV within our bounds shall be allowed to marry by license any members of 
ifer established congregations, or others known to be of our communion, witlH 
||St eertiScatee from me minister of such congregation ; or in case of the 
Asenoe of the minister, or of the congregation being without a minister, from 
asBie other substantial persons, that such marriage is regular, and that there is 
In just bar in the way of it And the Synod do recommend it to all their 
memben that shall be exempted by their Presbyteries and allowed to marry 
10* 



114 M IKUTES OF THE 



bjr re^TM^f v# n%t thk ^muntrautiini that they do not aum tCB dH i' t} aiiT ci. 
^'in^ mstrr»ttfi», ztA tnpmaliy titat thev do not many any thai they \am 
fK^mfni '// %\Myhjii to go Cfminry to the minds of their parents and guardian^ 
m^^inf it. 

Or^rr'yl. 'Hiat itm acorant of the fund be broa^t in before the eonclnsic 
of thu Hyn^yl. 

Th'; hfTnir of Mr. Oebiton^s stispcnsion coming trader eonffideration, an 
(l)i#rf«- ffririfi rftX time enough to issue it at present, the further eonsideraiion c 
It dt-Jfirn'A tilj rnjr next $eiienmf, 

Atfymrtitti till three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Jft three o* clocks P, M. post prece$^ sederunt qui supra, . 

'Mui rrimuum of the last sederunt ordered to he read. 

The aflViir of Mr. Oclstim reassumed; and the Synod having with all soi^ 
tmnwAn connirWrred thf; affair of Mr. Gelston, who has for sometime pastbeH 
nn'ler NunfH^nMion hy the Presbytery of New Castle, which was the last yeif 
isfiiitinijfrd hy the Hynrxl; they observe to their great sorrow, that since Ul 
sus|H*ritiiofi thf;rr: are various and loud reports of his scandalous behaviour ii 
tlift ni({h-l^iids of Now York, which we have too much reason to fear there ii 
mniui (oiiiidation for; we cannot, therefore, at present consent to the resuwf 
him Ut i\\v. exercise of his ministry, but are obliged to continue his suspeuBkti 
In thi! rncan time we appoint that they that shall be ordered to attend upontba 
orilinaiiou of Mr. Tudor of Goshen, do inquire into the truth of these repoiti 
that have iNien Hprcrad abroad with respect to Mr. Gelston's conduct in these 
purUi, and to inform the Presbyteries of New Castle and Donegall conjuncdyt 
who Nhidl have a discretionary power to restore Mr. Gelston if these repoifli 
am fotnid false, uad Mr. Ci dston give . tlicm good evidence of sincere repent' 
uiini; otlirrwii«e to continue his suspcqsion till the next Synod; and thai the 
pnrmniri appointed give Mr. (ielston suitable warning of the time of theii 
mnnting nt Goshen, that he may be present if he sees cause* Approved nt 
mine contradicente. 

Adjourned to nine of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded wid 
prayer. 

20//t day, at nine o^ciockf A. M, poet preces^ aederunt qui supra. 

Ordered that the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The reailing of the minutes of the last year being iinished, the Synod di 
acranling to a fon*going onler, enter upon the consideration of the proceeding 
of the eonunission last A pril, and order that the account of their proceeding 
he Inid In^lbrt* tluMU : which was done. 

The funluT (H)tisideration of the affair of the commission deferred till Moi 
day nioniiitg. And it is onlered, that Mr. Hemphill be notified to appei 
thi*u U'ton* them if he stM^s cause, or has any thing to offer unto them. 

A suppUoation imns bnmifht into the Synod from the people of Goshei 
and also a lettc*r from .Mr. 'I'udor, a candidate of the ministry there, both sij 
nifying tluit he is ready to ailopt the Westminster Confession of Faith, &e. 
ami to submit to Pn^bvterian nde^ ; and also desinne that the Svnod wouk 
as (UHui as (Hissibly mav Ih>, senil a i*t)minittee to said place to attend the ord 
natittit of >lr. Tudor tlien^: The Synod do accordingly appoint Mr. Robei 
IVtss. Mr. I\imry, Mr. Webb, Mr. Nutman« Mr. John Cross, and Mi 
Olialker, to nuH't at iS^Hihen ihe last Wednesilav of the next month. Octobei 
III attend said onUnation, ami Mr. Ki»bert l^ross to preside in said affair. Aa 
\lw Synixl iKt further appi>int for the trials of Mr. Tudor, that he make a 
«\o^jii!i in latin upon that question, an Ux naturst sit sufinens ad saiuirm 
•int tltai ]» pieach a popular teniioii upon Rom* xi. 6. And the Synod d 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 1J[5 

' that the oongrregation be publicly notified of ihe appointment, by reading 

nimite to them on the preceding liord's day, that if any per:$onB have 

hing to object against said proceeding, they may be prepared to lay it 

i the committee. 

iered, That the committee of the Synod meet at tliree of the clock, P. M» 

uded with prayer. 

MUtied to ten of the clock, Monday morning. 

22d day at ten 6* clocks A, M. post precea sederunt qui zupra. 

?red. That the minutes of the last sederunt be read, 
n the calling over the roll, it being found that many of the Elders have 
oroe without leaving any reasons for their so doing; the Synod do 
that such elders as do withdraw from the Synod without leave, shall be 
he censure of their sessions, and report made thereof to the next Synod, 
e Synod do recommend it to the several congregations to defray the 
iry charges that their elders bo at during their attendance upon the 

affair of the commission reassumed. 

Synod having notified Mr. Hemphill, that they intend this day to enter 
is affair, and he not appearing but sending a disrespectful and contemp- 
ctter in the following words : 

le Rev. members of the Synod : 

' way of answer to the notification which I received Saturday last, I 
ily to observe, that the dispute between the Synod and me being made 
in the world, which was first begun by the commission, what I have 
cnt to offer to the Synod, is contained in an answer to the vindication 
reverend commission now in the press, and will be speedily published. 
It I despise the Synod's claim of authority. Your humble servant, 

*« SaMUKL HsM PHILL. 

'onday morning. 

S. I shall think yon will do me a deal of honour, if you entirely ex- 
micate me." 

Synod, from the consideration of his contumacy in his errors, his dis- 
of the censure of the commission, and rejecting our communion, do 
\ him unqualified for any future exercise of his ministry within our 
I, and that this be intimated to all our congregations by such respective 
sr. Approved nemine contradicente, 

brethren appointed to justify the commission against any complaints 
Ir. Hemphill, if he should publish any such, having complied with the 
ssion's order in that matter, are desired by the Synod to continue to 
' any further publications of Mr. Hempliiirs or his friends in that cause, 
shall think it necessary. And it is ordered, that the charge of it shall 
ayed out of the fund, 
mmed to three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three 6*c1oek^ P. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 

minutes of the last sederunt ordered to be read, 
jvermre being brought into the Synod from Mr. Honk, Mr. Stevenson, 
imison, and Mr. Martin, desiring that they might be set off from New 
Presbytery and erecteil into a Presbytery of themselves; the Synod do 
hat they become a Presbytery under the name of the Presbytery of 
Town, and do order them to meet and constitute the 19th day of No- 
r next, at Lewis-Town. 
a a motion made by a membery the Synod do agreo that if any of our 



1 16 MINUT£S OF THE 

members shall see cause to prepare any thing for the press upon any contro- 
versy in religious matters, that before such member publish what he hath thttf 
prepared, he shall submit the same to be perused by persons to be appointed 
for that purpose, and that Messrs. Andrews, Dickinson, Robert Cross, Penn- 
berton, and Pierson, be appointed for this purpose in the bounds of the Synod 
to the northward of Philadelphia; and Messrs. Anderson, Thomas Ethbl' 
Cathcart, Stevenson, and Thomson, in the bounds of the Synod southward or 
Philadelphia. Any three of each committee to be a quorum. Approved. 

An overture from , humbly offered to the consideration of the reverend 

Synod. 

The present state of the church of Christ, in respect of the great and almoit 
universal deluge of pernicious errors and damnable doctrines that so boldly 
threaten to overthrow the Christian world, doth, we think, afford matter a 
very deep and serious exercise unto all considering persons, who have thai 
interest of our Lord's kingdom at their heart; and were it not for the sure, finf 
and comfortable promises contained in the infallible records of truth, the pn* 
sent appearance of things might be thought to presage a most fatal subversioB 
of the kingdom of our Lord, by the success of the kingdom of darkness agaloBt 
it, and so discourage and dispirit the hearts of the true friends and loyal suIk 
jects of our exalted Lord. But blessed be his name, he is still King in Ziar 
and to the ends of the earth, and will not suffer this so grievous an evil to pr^ 
vail one handsbreadth further nor one minute longer than the measure and tiimi 
appointed for it; for known unto God are all his works from the creation Or 
tne world. 

However, it would seem that the present obvious state of tiling doth ed 
for something at our hands, more than in a time of prevailing truth and purity 
in the church. It should seem that when so many wolves in sheep's clotbinf 
arc invading the flocks of Christ every where in the world, wc who are pit* 
tors by office and station should exert ourselves in an active and vigilant man- , 
ner for the safety and preservation of our flocks committed to our care, from 
the assaults of these devouring monsters that are numerous abroad in tte 
world. Surely the late bold assault that hath been made upon us, though 
blessed be God, without the desired and expected success, as yet, should pot 
us to our amis and excite us with care and diligence to put ourselves in a pos- 
ture of defence against all future attempts. 

To this purpose we would humbly propose the following overture as tn 
expedient to prevent the evil of such attempts, viz : That seeing wc arelikdf 
to have the most of our supply of ministers to fill our vacancies from the norlil 
of Ireland, and seeing it is too evident to be denied and called in question, ifatt 
we are in great danger of being imposed upon by ministers and preachers from 
thence, though sufficiently furnished with all formalities of Presbyterial cr^ 

dentials, as in the case of Mr. H ^11; and seeing also what was done laft 

year may be done this year and the year following, viz : we arc still liable to 
be imposed upon by such credentials ; upon these and the like consideratiofls, 
we humbly overture to this reverend Synod, to make an order to the following 
purpose : 

1st. That no minister or probationer coming in among us from Europe, be 
allowed to preach in vacant congregations until first his credentials and recom- 
mendations be seen and approven by the Presbytery unto which such con- 
gregation doth most properly belong, and until he preach with approbation 
before said Presbytery, and subscribe or adopt the Westminster Confession of 
Faith and Catechisms, before said Presbytery, in manner and form as they 
have done ; and that no minister employ such to preach in his pulpit until he 
see his credentials and be satisfied, as far as may be, of his firm attachment 
to said Confession, &c., in opposition to the new upstart doctrines and 



SYNOD OP PHILADELPHIA. 117 

vhemes, particularly such as we condemned in Mr. H 11*8 sennonfl. 

And lest some strangers might suffer by the rigorous observation of this order, 

let U be thus qualified, viz: That the moderator and two of the members of 

sidi Presbytery be appointed as a standing committee to act prcsbyterially in 

dat affair as there may be occasion, and to be accountable to their respective 

Pkobyteries. 

2%. That no congregation be allowed to present a call to any such minis- 
ter or probationer coming in among us, though never so well certified, until 
lie have preached at least one full half year within the bounds of this Synod. 

3dlv. That no congregation be allowed to present a call to any minister or 
CMdidate whatsoever, unless some of the brethren, members of tlie Presby- 
Wcy unto which said congregation doth belong, have been present with said 
IPople to concur with them and moderate in said call, having been previously 
flpointed thereunto by the Presbytery, and that no minister take upon him to 
qipderate in such a case without such an appointment. 
^ 4tUy. That no student be received to enter upon trials, in order to his 
licensing to preach, until he first repair unto the dwellings or lodgings of at 
leut most of the ministers of the Presbytery to which he offers himself, and 
thereby give them an opportunity to take a view of his parts and behaviour. 

5lhly. That tlie Synod would bear testimony against the late too common, 
apd now altogether unnecessary practice of some Presbyteries in the north of 
IreUod, viz: their ordaining men to the ministry sine titvlo^ immediately 
befinre they come over hither, thereby depriving us of our just rights, viz : thai 
Ye unto whom they are designed to be co-presbyters, and among whom they 
dni^ to bestow their labours, should have just and fair inspecting into their 
loahfications ; we say that it seems necessary that the Synod bear testimony 
tgainst such practice by writing home to the General Synod, thereby signify- 
if our dissatisfaction with the same. And further, tliat in said letter or wri- 
ting to the General Synod of Ireland, that we eamesdy desire, that when 
UiHers or probationers are about to come from thence to us, they wouId» 
kndea their Presbyterial credentials, procure also private letters of recom- 
mendation from some brethren there, who arc well known to some of our 
boethren here, to be firmly attached to our good old principles and schemes* 

inasmuch as the instance of Mr. II 11, and some other considerations to 

the same purpose, make us afraid lest we may again be imposed upon by men 
rf his stamp, though furnished with all the formalities of Presbyterial cre- 
dentials. The Synod do agree that no minister ordained in Ireland sine tittdot 
heibr the future received to the exercise of his ministry among us, until he 
aobmit to such trials, as the Presbyter)- among whom he resides, shall think 
pioper to order and appoint. And that the Synod do also advertise the Gene- 
nl Synod in Ireland, that their ordaining any such to the ministry sine tUttlOf 
before their sending them hither for the future, will be very disagreeable and 
dMobliginf( to us. And the Synod appoint Mr. Robert Cross, Mr. Thomson, 
and Mr. Houston, to send the above overture and appointment to the General 
Synod in Ireland, inclosed in a proper letter unto them. 

Adjourned to nine of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
pnyer. 

23 J day at nine 6* clocks A. M, post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The minutes of the last sederunt ordered to be read. 
, A reference coming into the Synod from the Presbytery of East-Jersey, 
•omplainin|( oi John McNeal's disingenuous conduct in relation to the setde- 
neDiof Mr« Chalker in Bethlehem, and a supplication from said McNeal, 
mitaining several complaints against said Presbytery, in reference to their 
»ndiict in that affair, with several other papers from several parties concerned 



1 18 . MINUTES OP THE 

therein, wliic^h were read, and all parties being heard what they had to offer, , 
tliey were removed. And the Synod entering upon the consideration of lU^ f 
affair, do agree tliat Messrs. Thomson, Thomas Evans, Treat, and Martin, di^* | 
meet and prepare an overture upon the whole, and bring it in to the Synod ^ 
soon as possible. 

Adjourned to three of the clock, P. M. 

M three of the eloek^ P. 3f. postpreeea sedenmt qui stqmL / 

The minutes of the last sederunt ordered to be read. i* ^ 

The members appointed to bring in an overture upon the affair of JoIhIj . 
McNeal above mentioned, did accordingly do it; and the Synod, after muc|^ 4" 
discourse, do agree in the following particulars. "^ 

1st. Tliat from what appears to us, the jealousies which John McNeal h4 C 
conceived concerning Mr. Chalker, as being averse from conforming to tW "^ 
order of the Synod in respect of our adopting the Westminster Confession, 
were altogether groundless. 

2dly. It appears more than probable, that these groundless jealousies too 
industriously spread and propagated fimong the people of Wallkill, have beet 
a principal cause of all the difference which hath fallen out between them nH ' 
Mr. Chalker. \\ 

3dly. That John McNeal hath acted a very disingenuous and sinful pii^ 
in seeming to concur with and approve of the motion of ordaining Mr. Chaibn 
at New York, and then immediately after to practise upon the people of Walk 
kill at home, to discourage them from adhering to their formeiiy decliied 
desires of having Mr. ChJker setded among them. The degree of censure to 
be a rebuke from the Moderator. 

4thly. That as we can see no ground of charging the people of Bethldwm 
or Mr. Chalker with breaking of covenant with the people of Wallkill, so wp. 
are of the mind that what of that kind the people of Wallkill were guilty fl4 
which principally appears in their letter or remonstrance to the Presbyterji 
was chiefly if not wholly owing to John McNeal's industrious spreading iui 
jealousies as above, and possessing the people of Wallkill with them. 

6thly. That seeing Mr. Chalker did transport his family from Long-Island 
to the High-Lands, being encouraged thereto by tlie people of Wallkill, u 
well as Bethlehem, with a view of being fixed as pastor of both congregatioitf; 
therefore we judge that in justice, that people are obliged to contribute accord- 
ing to agreement, to the discharging the expenses of said transportation, be- 
sides satisfaction for the supplies which he gave. And we earnestly exhort 
said people to comply with the design of this minute, that so they may clear 
their own way, for their being regularly provided with a minister as their <u- 
cumstances will afford, which we judge they are not qualified for, until they, 
or as many of them as will be a competent congregation, fit to join in the 
calling of a minister, shall comply with this order; yet, in the mean time, we 
judge them capable of being supplied by preaching, and not to be excluded 
from sealing ordinances. We also earnestly exhort them to lay aside all their 
jealousies and prejudices arising therefrom, and cordially accept of Mr. 
Chalker for their pastor, according to the first agreement, until such time as 
they may be in a better condition to support a minister of their own. 

6thly. The Synod do also think the Presbytery was too hasty in their pro- 
ceeding to Mr. Chalker*s ordination in so short a time after the presentation 
of his call and trials, and cannot approve of its being performed at such a dis- 
tance from the people where he was to officiate. 

The abovementioned rebuke was given by the moderator, according to 
order, and said McNeal professed submission to it. 

A supplicatioa being brought in by the people of Gloncester, representing 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 119 

leir sad and deplorable circumstances, and desiring the Synod to provide them 
'i^nister and some supplies, the Synod recommended it to the consideration 
I Ihe Pxesbytery of Philadelphia to look after that affair, and use their dili- 
npe to send for a minister for them as speedily as they can, and in the mean 
Kb to provide them all possible supplies. 

k sapglication being brought into the Synod from one part of the Presby- 
IBM congregation of Philadelphia, desiring Mr. Robert Cross to be granted 
AcB for their minister, with another paper to strengthen the supplication. 
kai also another supplication from another part of said congregation, desiring 
Ml Jonathan Dickinson to be their minister. The Synod not naving time to 
fiie that affair at the present, do defer the consideration of it till to-morrow 
'sHfJini^. 

Acyoumed to nine of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
rer. 




2Ath day^ at nine o^clock, poBt preces, sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

A mipplication being brought into the Synod by John Boyd, by way of an 

tnl from tlie Presbytery of Doncgall, in a complaint against Samuel Jack; 
Synod do commit it to Messrs. Andrews, Treat, David Evans, Gillespie, 
Booston, and Thomas Evans, to go to the Upper Octorara the last Tuesday 
iTOctober, and consider and determine of the business, and that any three of 
line to be a quorum ; and it is recommended to the ministers to take elders 
iMi them if they can. 

'^The Presbytery book of Donegall was brought in and approved. 
^''The affair of Philadelphia reassumed, and after much discourse upon the 
Aif, the further consideration of it deferred till next sederunt. 
'^ne west part of Hanover having applied to the Synod for the ordination 
mit« Cleverly, the Synod do order it to be left to the Presbytery of Phila- 
■Tool 

*tbB persons appointed to bring in a letter to be sent to the Synod of Ireland, 
Stariit in said letter and it was approved. 
Aqoumed to three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

^t three 6* clock, P. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The minutes of the last sederunt ordered to be read. 
^ The letter to Col. Ogden to be brought in by Messrs. Pemberton and Dick- 
ami* was brangfat in and approved. 

An account of the fund was brought in according to a foregoing order, and 
A| nm total found to be five hundred twenty-four pounds, eighteen shillings 
ad.fif€ pence. 

. The affair of Philadelphia reassumed, and a new supplication being brought 
iilo the Synod from that part of the congregation which desired Mr. Cross 
fH'tbeir minister* desiring to be erected into a new congregation, capable to 
qu a minister for themsdves ; the motion being entirely new to the Synod, 
Hit the parties not being prepared to go on in Uiat matter, they do defer the 
flpnsidenition of it till to-morrow morning. 

Adjonmed till eight of the clock to-morrow morning. 

Conckided with prayer. 

25/& day, at eight d* clock, post preces, sederunt qui supra. 

Oidered* That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Hie affiur of Philadelphia reassumed. John Frame produced the subscrip- 
ion of a considerable number of hands to the supplication put in yesterday* 
nd «D pertiet were heard what they had to say at length, in irfBieQici^\ouy^ 



120 liOiimS OF TBB 

whole affair, aad they being' removed, the Synod spent conriderable time ii 
debate upon the affair, and at last a^ed that it should be put to the rotc^ 
A new ereciion or not; and it was carried in the affirmative by a great nuji^ 
rity. Mr. John Smith, of Bethlehem, in the High-Lands of New York,4M 
sired that his dissent might be entered in our minutes. / : 

The Presbytery hook ot* Philadelphia was brought in and approved. 

Adjourned till two o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

•4/ two of the chck^ P, M. Post preees^ sedertmi qui supn. 

The minutes of the last sederunt ordered to be read. 

A motion being made by some members of the congregation of Philadlh 
phia, showing tlieir great dissatisfaction at the judgment of the Synod in CR^h! 
in^ them into two separate congregations, and desiring they would review Vq 
af^ir, the Synod having reasoned much upon the matter at last came to a|^| 
that the jud^riueni shoultl be reviewed: and, accordingly, the Synod, in oratr; 
to their obtaining of more light, took occasion to discourse with several d»' 
sons of bo til parts of the congregation, and then all parties being removed, it 
was put to the vote, whether we should reverse the judgment whereby 19 
erected a part of this congregation into a distinct society, and it was carried k 
the negative. Messrs. Dickinson. Pemberton, Webb, Elmer, Chalkcr, aa^ 
Wales, desired their dissent to be entered in our minutes; and then, after mim 
discourse, tlie Synod do agree, that the above judgment is not to be unde^ 
stood as designed to obliire said people to erect themselves now into a diitiaa 
society, but only that the Synod allow them so to do. And if said peopli 
shall see cause to continue united with the other part of the congregation ik 
heretofore, they are also at their liberty. The >y nod do also agree, thai if 
said new erected congregation shall tiiink fit to put tlie above granted librr^ 
of being erected, into practice, then they are to notify the moderator of tM 
commission, who upon such notification is hereby ordered to call the go» 
mission together as soon as conveniently may he, to order supplies for m 
new erection, and to give them directions as they shall judge meet for their 
being provided with a minister. 

Adjourned to the third Wednesday of next September. 

Concluded with prayer. 

At a meeting of the Synod, 

7br, 15, 1736. Ubi post preees sederwd^ 

Ministers: Messrs. Thomas Craighead, Jedidiah Andrews, John Thom- 
son, James Anderson, Richard Treat, Joseph Houston, Robert Cathcai^ 
Adam Boyd, Robert Cross, Robert Jamison, Ebenezcr Goold, Hugh Steveih 
son, Hugh ("arlisle, James Martin, William Bertram, Alexander Craighead, 
John Paul, William Tewnent, William Tennent, junior, David Evans. 

Elders: Messrs. William Gray, Andrew Hamilton, James Cook, Chailei 
Hufty, Robert McCleland, William Mitchell, John Allen, James Galbreadi, 
William Sharron, Richard Walker, John Henderson, Daniel WescotL 

Ministers absent: Messrs. Gillespie, Pumry, Dickinson, Pierson, Webb, 
Pemhert(m, Hubbell, Horton, John Cross, Chalker, Gilbert Tennent, Blair, 
Wales, Morgan, Thomas Evans, Hook, Hutchinson, Conn, Orme, Glaaeow, 
Nutman. 
. Mr. Adam Boyd chosen moderator, and Mr. John Thomson clerk. 

Mr. Robert Cross, last year's moderator, opened the Synod with a senikon 
on 1 Cor. iii. 11. 

Adjourned till to-morrow mommg, at eight of the dock. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 121 

16 day, ai eight of the dock. Post preees atderwU qui aupra. 

The minateB of the lust eederuni ordered to be read. 

It being reported by the Presbytery of Donegall, that Mr. Orr having ob- 
Inid a dismissioii from his congregation, did soon aAer disorderly desert the 
boodi of that Presbytery as a fugitive of discipline, it is ordered, that his 
■HK be rased out of the catalogue. 

jfo reasons appeared for Mr. Gilbert Tennent's last year's absence. 

Mr. Hook sent a letter of excuse for his absence, which was not sustained. 

ne members of that Presbytery are ordered to intimate to Mr. Hook that 
( ibr the future, he shall absent himself in like manner, unless his reasons be 
on weighty, he will be noticed with more severity. 
No reasons appeared for Mr. Hubbell*s absence last year, nor for Mr. Git- 
Bit Tennent's, and Pumry's. 

Rewons for Mr. Pierson*s, Mr. Gilbert Tennent'9, Blair's, Morgan's, 
homas Evan's, absence now, were sustained. 
Ordered, That the last year's minutes be read. 

Messrs. Anderson, Thomson, Andrews, Jamison, Houston, Robert Cross, 
id the moderator, be a committee for the fund, and any other business the 
food shall recommend to them. 

The Presbyterial books of the Presbyteries of New Castle, Donegall, 
ewis, and East Jersey, were not brought. 

Mr. Cathcart, and Mr. Tennent, junior, ordered to revise the Presbytery 
tA of Philadelphia. 

Messrs. Thomson, Anderson, Houston, Cathcart, Martin, Alexander Craig- 
ad, William Tennent, senior, and junior, report that they have brought 
mething for the fund. 

The Synod taking notice that whatever members of tlic Synod bring to the 
nd those years wherein they attend the Synod, there is no care taken by any 
' diem to procure and send any contributions thereunto those years in which 
ey are absent; and in order to make up this defect, the Synod orders that 
eiy Presbytery within our bounds, oblige their respective members to be 
ovided with their respective contributions in due season, before the meejdng 
' the Synod yearly, in order that if any of their members should be neces- 
rily absent from the Synod, their contributions may, notwithstanding, be 
nt to the Synod. 

Messrs. Andrews, Anderson, Thomson, Gillespie, Dickinson, Pemberton, 
ienon, Thomas Evans, Robert Cross, Martin, and the moderator, are ap- 
linted to be the commission of the Synod for the year ensuing. 
The Presbytery of Donegall report that Mr. Alexander Craighead was last 
inter ordained to the work of the ministry, and at that time did adopt the 
restminster Confession of Faith, &c. ; and also, both he and Mr. John Paul, 
tdy from Ireland, having now heard the several resolutions and acts of the 
^nod in relation to the adopting said Confession, &c. did, before the Synod, 
dare their agreement thereunto. Also Mr. John Madowell, a probationer 
so Ireland, producmg his credentials from the Presbytery of Temple Pat- 
if and session of Dunagor, together with various letters of recommendation 
m several brethren of note in the norUi of Ireland, all which were sustained 
d approven, and accordingly he was received by the Synod as a proba- 
Hier, and recommended to the kind entertainment and encouragement of any 
lesbytery within our bounds to which he may be disposed to offer himself. 
Ordered, That an account of the fund be brought in before the end of the 
asion. 

The members who were appointed last year by the Synod to inquire into 
e scandalous reports of Mr. Gelston's misbehaviour in the High-Lands of 
ew York, did as appointed, and sent an account of what discoveiy they 
11 



122 MINUTES OP THE 

could make of those matters to the Presbyteries of Donegall and New Cast] 
who some time after met, and did take off the suspension from Mr. Grelstc 
and restore him again to the exercise of his ministiy. Mr. Cross also, tO0 
ther with the members of the committee appointed to take Mr. IHidor's trial 
▼iz; Messrs. Pumry and Chalker, &c. did meet according to appointmeil 
but did not ordain said Mr. Tudor, because of his insufficiency. Mr. Webfc 
Mr. Nutman, Mr. James Cross, being appointed members of said committtt 
did not attend. 

The Presbytery of Lewis did erect themselves according to order of fi^md 
last year. ' 

It is reported by the Presbytery of Lewis that Mr. Patrick Glasen, fdksi 
passing through ordinary trials, and adopting the Westminster Confessioi^ 
&c. was licensed to preach the gospel, and in pursuance of a call from the paOf 
pie and congregation, of Monokin, in Somerset, in Maryland, and after thi 
usual steps and trials in such cases, and a reported declaration of his adoptii|l 
the Westminster Confession, &c. he was ordained a minister of the gospd 
and pastor of said people of Monokin. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three of the clock, P. M. Post preces, sederunt qui ntpra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The account of the fund not yat brought in. 

It is reported by the members bf New Castle Presbytery that Mr. AndiW 
Archbold being under a fama clamosa of uncleanness with a certain yoinf 
wcmian of his own congregation, and the Presbytery meeting, pro re nata, ^ 
that occasion, and not having light to come to a judgment at first, appointed 
therefore another meeting the week following, to inquire further into the tiuA 
of said report, but Mr. Archbold not appearing to justify himself, and a deph 
sition of another young woman in the neighbourhood signifying that she wtf 
with child by him, with many other presumptions of guilt; upon this the 
Presbytery laid him under suspension until he should appear and justify him- 
self, since which time he hath wholly absconded. 

Ordered, That the rest of our last year's minutes be read. 

The committee appointed to meet at Upper Octorara to inquire into fte 
merits of an appeal of John Boyd, of said Octorara, from the judgment of Ac 
Presbytery of Donegall, did meet according to appointment, and produced the 
minutes of their proceedings in that affair, which were read and approvedi 
and ordered to be kept in retentis. 

The proceedings of the commission of the Synod, which met here in June 
last to act in the affair of the new erected congregation in this city, are order 
ed to be inserted into our minutes, and are as foiloweth.* 



* At a oommiMuoii of the Synod held at Philadelphia, 

On the nth day of June, 1736. PostpreceB •edervMl, 

Meisra. Robert Cross moderator, John Thomson, James Anderson, and Thomas Evani 
members present Thomas Evans chosen clerk. 

Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Thomas Craighead, George Gillespie, Jonathan DickinsoB 
Ebenezer Pemberton, and John Pierson, absent 

A letter of excase being come to hand ftom Messrs. Dickinson, Pierson, and Pember 
too, (or their absence, was read, and the reasons of their absence sustained. 

Tho commission now meeting, at the instance of the people allowed to form themMhre 
into a new erection, it was ordered, that the minutes of our Synod relating to said erse 
tion, be read, which was done. 

A supplication from the said erection, or separate society, in Philadelphia, being pre 
•ented to the commission, wherein representing the unsuccessfulness of the endeavcufj 
tbty h%d hitherto used in order to a re-nnion with the other part of the ooogregatioi 



/ 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 123 

The appointments of the Synod in reference to supplying the new erection, 

fuimied. 
A fopplicaiion from the people of the new election in this city desiring us 
ifpoint one of our members to moderate in their drawing up a call to 

tfcyw^unlcd for fupplies. The commission jndffingr that a reunion of said separate 
tf with the rest of the congregrntion, if it could be possibly obtained on satisfactory 
I to both parties, is much more desirable, as things now appear, thought it expedient 
the consideration of said request for supplies, until some proper measures be 
to make a trial towards the desired reunion. Accordingly, upon our signification 
tf Ifais our mind to the party present, and our pressing them to do their part towards said 
itiminn, they condescended so far as to declare a wUlingness to have a conference with 
Aa other pert of the congregation on that head. Upon which it was agreed, in order to 
dteiB aeid conference, that Messrs. Cross and Evans should acquaint Mr. Andrews, and 
MM of the principal members of the other part of the congregation, with our deaire of 
the Hme, end that every member of the commission should use their endeavours ae op- 
partneity offers towards effecting said union. 
Adjamnod till ten of the clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

18f& datf^ at ten of the clock, A. M, Po9t preeet^ Bederuni ^tti §upra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last ecderunt be read. 

Mr. Craighead being now present gave the reasons of his absence yesterday, which 
were sosCaincd. 

Upon reading yesterday's order of acquainting Mr. Andrews, and some others of his 
DOW congregation, with our desire of using endeavours in order to make trial for the 
tftneaid re-ankm, the moderator reported that ho and Mr. Evans had been with Andrews 
m appointed, and that Mr. Andrews heartily approved of the design, and accordingly 
tt m with it so far ae to offer to propose tlic same to the members of his committee, 
wMch be did, and they, upon Mr. Andrews's motion, met, and aflcr some conference 
inoog tbemselvee about the matter, the result tliey came to was sent in writing to Mr. 
Andiewa, in order to acquaint us with the contents thereof^ the copy whereof is aa foU 
wweuip vs. 

Pkiiadelphia, June ISth, 1736. 
Tlw eommittee thinks it very strange that the commission of the Syno<I, who wore 
cilkd here without the knowledge of the committee, should send any messages to Lhu 
oonunittee concerning the uniting the two little congregations of Presbyterians in this 
city, (though a thing much to be desired by all good men,) because tlie committee have 
htel^ been informed that the sole business of the commission now was to appoint minis- 
ters to preach to the congregation which the Synod most deliberately gave leave to sepa- 
nte and make a new erection. And the committee are also informed that the said con- 
giegatioo have provided a place which they are at this time fitting up for their purpose, 
iDrfit b still more strange, considering the major part of the commission were the most 
Mtire in contriving and bringing about the separation, notwithstanding some members 
flf the committee pleaded so much against it, and sliowed such a dislike to their proceed- 
inn. And the committee are of tlie opinion, that they should not interfere with an affair 
bdoDging to another congregation. 

A copy of the result of the committee sent by John Snowden, William Gray, William 
Spafford, George Sharswood, Thomas Powell, Edward Shippen. 

The commission having read and considered the above result, do judge the import 
timvof to be, that the committee does look upon those persons who were allowed by the 
h* Synod to erect themselves into a separate society, to be a distinct congregation fVom 
than, and therefore decline to h&ve any conference with them in order to reunion. 

The commission having deliberately considered the circumstances of the whole affair, 
^ conclude that, (at least at present,) there is no probability of a re-union between the 
oU congregation of this city and the new erection, and therefore do conclude tliat our 
way is now ckar to order supplies to the said new erection, in compliance not only with 
the direction of the Synod in September last to that purpose, but also the earnest and re- 
pcated desires of said people, they having been industrious to prepare a house for the 
poblic worship of God among them. 

Adjourned till four of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At four o''elock^ P, M. Po$t preecB^ sederunt qui supra. 
A sopplication from tlic abovcsaid new erection, requesting that they might be supplied 



124 MINUTIiS OF THE 

a mimster, was read, the conaideratioii of which deferred till liMmenov 
morDing. « 

A paper from Mr. Heniy Hunter, representing grievances in his 
cdndition, and desiring the Sjmod's advioe and assistance in reference 
unto, was produced and read, the consideration hereof deferred till to-moiMM 

A supplication from the people of Paxton and Derry to the Synod, is iM 
feired to the committee of the rand, &c, which is to meet at eight o'doflljp 
to-morrow morning. Ji 

Adjourned till ten of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded 



prayer. . * 

M 

17 th day^ at ten o* clock, past preces^ sedertmt qtd ttqtrM. M 

Ordered, That yesterday^s minutes be read. ^ 

The account of the fund is not yet brought in. jL 

The supplication from the new erection in this city came under considfldSj 
tion, and after some reasoning about the matter, it being put to the vote wlis*^ 
ther their request should be granted, it was carried in the affirmative by L 
great majority, and Mr. Thomson was appointed to moderate and assist im\ 
people in drawing up a call to any minister about whom they shall agree. ,^ 
Mr. Hunter's affair came under consideration, and his paper was read i^ 
second time. Ordered, That the minutes of the Presbytery of LewiB bct^ 
also read, which was done. Both Mr. Hunter and the members of the Pint'. 
bytery of Lewis, offered a great deal in order to clearing the matter. Afto^ 
some debates it was moved, that all but members should remove, and then Ajfii 
Sjmod entered upon a serious debate about the whole affair. Mr. HunWr 
being called in and being interrogated, produced his credentials, which wert 
known by some persons present to be genuine. It is recommended to Mr. 
Andrews, Mr. Anderson, Mr. Elmer, and Mr. Thomson, to endeavour to. 
draw up an overture upon the whole affair, to be brought in against the afleK, 
noon. 

Adjourned tSU three of the dock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

M three o'clock, P. M. postpreces sederunt qtii stq^rtL 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. The account rf 
the fund not yet brought in. 

The members appointed to draw up an overture on Mr. Hunter's afiaizr 
report that they have not done any thing in that affair, on account that thef 
did not agree in their judgments. The further consideration of that alEur 
deferred till afterwards. 



until next Synod by the Rev. Messrs. Robert Cross, James Anderson, and Francis Ali- 
son, or any others ivhom the commission should think proper. It was ordered, that 
Messrs. Anderson and Cross supply them next Sabbath, and Mr. Cross the next Sabbtfdi 
following, Mr. Alison the four Sabbaths in July, Mr. Paul the three first Sabbaths ol 
August, Mr. Black the two last Sabbaths of August, and the first Sabbath of September, 
Mr. Cross the second Sabbath of September. 

Ordered, That the moderator write a letter to Messrs. Alison, Paul, and Black, to ac- 
quaint them with these appointments. 

The people of the new erection bein^ called in, and the above orders being read fai 
their hearing, they cheerfully and thankfully acquiesced in the same, and being exhorted 
by the moderator to behave themselves Christianlj, modestly, and humbly, under the pra« 
sent encouraging turn of Divine Providence so much in their favour, they were Hiamify. 
ed, and the present meeting of the commission concluded with prayer. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 123 

Am erertura of the committee upon the supplication of the people of Paxton 
nd Deny, was brought in and is as foUoweth. That the Synod do declare, 
ktt inasmuch as we understand that many persons of our persuasion, both 
BMnblely and formerly, have been offended with some expressions or dis- 
in the first or preliminary act of our Synod, contained in the printed 



fMi relating to our receiving or adopting the Westminster Confession and 

OilHUBma, ^: That in onler to remove said offence, and all jealousies 

IhilkaTe arisen or may arise in any of our people's minds, on occasion of 

■i distinctions and expressions, the Synod doth declare, that the S3rnod have 

idspled and still do adhere to the Westminster Confession, Catechisms, and 

Dnclory, without the least variation or alteration, and witliout any regard to 

aid distinctions. And we do further declare, that this was our meaning and 

few intent in our first adopting of said Confession, as may particularly appear 

kf oar adopting act wliich is as foUoweth : All the ministeis of the Synod 

■ov present, (which were eighteen in number, except one that declared him- 

■If not prepared,) after proposing all Uie scruples any of tlicm had to make 

Ipinst any articles and expressions in the Confession of Faith, and Larger 

lid Shorter Catechisms of the Assembly of Divines at Westminster, have 

■laiiimoasly agreed in the solution of these scruples, and in declaring the said 

Confession and Catechisms to be the confession of their faiUi, except only 

iepie daoses in the twentieth and twenty-third chapters, couceming which 

daises the Synod do unanimously declare, that they do not receive these 

utidet in any such sense as to suppose the civil magistrate liath a controlling 

jNmer over Synods with respect to the exercise of their ministerial authority, 

ir power to persecute any for their religion, or in any sense contrary to the 

i^otestant succession to the throne of Great Britain. 

And we hope and desire, that this our S3modical declaration and explication 
luy satisfy all our people, as to our firm attachment to our good old received 
wtnneB contained in said confession, without the least variaticjii or alteration, 
UiA that they will lay aside their jealousies that have been entertained through 
^cession of the above hinted expressions and declarations as groundless. This 
Overture approved ntniine contradicente. 

An appeal of some of Mr. Tennent's people from the judgment of tlie Pres- 
|Tlery of Philadelphia, was brought in and read; together with a supplication 
rom said persons to the Presbytery of Philadelphia, and their judgment upon 
*• After that Mr. Tennent, the appellants^ and the members of the Presby- 
<eiy of Philadelphia, were heard at length, at last all parties were ordered to 
tmove, and the Synod entered upon a debate upon this affair, and at last 
ipaed in the following unanimous judgment, viz : That it appears evident to 
lai Synod, that Mr. Tennent havings in all respects acted, and been esteemed, 
lid looked upon, not only by this Synod, but also by the congregation of 
IVeshaminy, and particularly by tlie appellants themselves, as me minister 
>&d pastor of the people of Ncshaminy, that he is still to be esteemed as the 
(ator of that people, notwithstanding the want of a formal instalment among 
^ (which omission, though the Synod doth not justify, yet it is far from 
Idlifyingihe pastoral reUtion between Mr. Tennent and said people,) and 
consequently that the Synod doth justify the judgment of the Presbytery of 
Aibdelphia in reference to that matter, and that said appellants had no 
JM cause of complaining against or appealing from said judgment of the 
Rabytery. 

Mr, Berlzam ia allowed to depart on account of his indisposition. 

The committee ordered to meet at eight o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

Ai^oiimed till ten of the clock, to-morrow morning. 

Conehided with prayer. 
11* 




126 MINUTBS OF THE 

ISth day, at ten of ike doekj A. M.postpreeei, tedenmi fui nfr0 
Ordered, That the minntes of the last sederunt he read. The aceovit^ 
the fond not yet brought in. 

Mr. Hunter's affair reassumed, and after much discourse and sevetil qmf 
tions asked at Mr. Hunter, together with his answers being heard, andJiBi 
Hunter and all but members being removed, the Synod enter^ upon a seri^M! 
debate about what we have heard, and after spending oonsideraUe tioN^ 
last it was agreed that Mr. Thomson and Mr. Cross shall each endeavoiftfl 
prepare an overture upon this afTair, to be brought in, in order to be appniVl 
against the afternoon. -W - 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. = < 

M B o'clock P. M. po8t prece» sederunt qui 

The minutes of last sederunt ordered to he read. The affair of 
continued. 

The affisur of Mr. Hunter reassumed, and Mr. Cross and Mr. 
brought in their overtures, which were very parallel, and the sul 
approved by the Synod was as followed. 

The Synod having maturely weighed and considered the foUawing pidii 
eulars, viz: ,J 

1. That Mr. Henry Hunter has his credentials from the Presbytenr^jll 
Antrim, which has separated from the Synod of Ireland, and with wa|i 
we have no communion, when he might nave easily applied to other FM 
byteries* f. | 

2» That he brought with him thence a certain instrument in writiDgrfW 
daring him capable of administering the sacraments of the New Te8taMit( 
when he himself acknowledges that he was not set apart to the work of.M 
ministry by the imposition of hands or any of the rites of ordination. • > 

3. That he acknowledges the design of getting the above instrument oreen 
tifioate was, that if he should meet with any people of his principles tn 
would entertain him as their pastor, he would have accepted the pa8toid| 
charge of them under that circumstanee. > 

4. That when Mr. Hunter was asked before the Synod, whether he bi^ 
any other papers or certificates besides that of his license, he said he hadnont^ 
and yet afterwards owned he had the abovesaid paper or instrument. 

5. That it appears probable to the Sjmod, that he hath been forming > 
design, and that money hath been given for him to go to the Bishop of Li* 
don for ordination. These things, together with the great prevancationt' 
hath been guilty of, and the disregard he hath shown to our discipline Htf 
government, and the ground we have to suspect his principles, have del* 
mined the Synod to come to the following conclusion, viz: not to receive < 
entertain the said Mr. Hunter as a probationer or minister among us at ptK* 
sent. Approved nemine contradicente. 

The above judgment being read unto Mr. Hunter, he appKed unlo tt 
Synod for advice how to behave under his present circumstances; to wfak 
the moderator replied in the name of the Synod, that they would give him i 
answer against Monday next 

A call from the new erection of this city to the Rev. Mr. Robert Cvol 
together with a supplication to the Synod, containing their reasons or mp 
ments to move the Synod to concur with the design of said call, were ren 
and the consideration hereof is deferred until Monday mommg, at tea of d 
clock. 

The committee for the fund to meet at nine o'clock on Monday monuBg. 

Adjourned till ten of the clock on Monday morning. 

Concluded with prayer. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 127 

20fA day at 10 o* clocks A, M. postpreces aedermU qui supra. 
'' Merad, lliat the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The aecoont of the fund is brought in, and it amounta to the sum of five 
-kHfaed forty-one pounds and nine pence. 

• i'iiOTertnre concerning the fund was brought in by the committee^ and 
'iMinoasIy approved, and is as follows : that the committee for the fund meet 
-dln^e breaking up of the Synod, in order to consult upon a method for the 
4Ar securing of the fand, as well as distributing acconling to the necessity 
•'tf Mdi persons as will apply to them for relief, and to defray necessary 
ehiges of the press. 
The Synod taking Mr. Hunter's request for advice into consideration, afler 
discourse, agree that the moderator should first admonish him concem- 



if his past misconduct, and the occasion of jealousy concerning his princi- 
'!» which he has given by his conduct, and inquiring his motives in seeking 
tD enter upon the work of the ministry, and advise him for the fiituse to behave 
'id as to testify his sense of his misconduct, and his sinceie attachment to 
imred principles as well as purposes of a regular walk. 

The affair of the call of Mr. Cross reassumed, and the supplication from 
irid people again read. And af\er some debate, it was agreed that said call 
riiOBld be presented to Mr. Cross, and his sentiments concerning it desired by 
te Synod. In answer to which he declared, that he was clearly convinced 
«id persuaded in his judgment, as things now appear, that it is hi* duty to 
ilay with the people of Jamaica ^ and that he thought the Synod could not 
determine this matter until his people be apprized hereof, and have epportu- 
mty to declare themselves concerning it. After much and tong debating about 
tins affair, at last it was agreed that the clerk and Mr. Elmer, each of them 
by himself, should endeavour to prepare an overture upon the affair to be 
brouffht in in the afternoon to be considered by the Synod. 

Adjoomed till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

wS/ three o* clock, P, M, Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the l3st sederunt be read. 

Mr. Cathcart is absent without liberty asked or obtained of the Synod. 

Ordered, That the janitor ibr the future be paid out of the fund. 

The next njeeting of the Synod, is appointed to be on the fourth Wednes- 
day of May next at Philadelphia. 

' An overture upon the affair of Mr. Cross's transportation, was brought in 
md is as iblloweth. 

IsL That inasmuch as the people of Jamaica, whom we look upon as a 

. puty principally interested in this matter, have not been yet seasonably ap- 

ptixed of it, nor have they had any opportunity to lay in their objections 

against Mr. Cross's transportation to the new erected congregfation, the Synod 

' aonot now come to a finsd judgment or declaration herein. And therefore the 

 Bjmod dolh defer their judgment concerning it unt'd next meeting of the Synod, 

ad order that the people of Jamaica have a copy of our minutes relating 

hereunto; that they, together with a copy of ihe reasons advanced by this new 

congregation, be sent unto them, that they may prepare to appear in opposi- 

1km to said call against next meeting, if they think fit. 

Sdly. That, in the mean time, Mr^ Cross be appointed to supply this peo- 
pk two months before the next meeting of the Synod. 

3dly. That the people of thi» new erection be allowed the nomination of 
■inisten or candidates belonging to the Synod for their supply the rest of the 
time, wherein Mr. Cross is not appointed to supply them, and that the Pres- 
byteries unta which such ministers to be appointed to supply this new erec- 



lag MINUTES OP THIS 

tion do belong, shall appoint supplies in the room of such nunisters, whiii 
they are absent from their respective congregations supplying this. 

4thly. That the Synod shall order supplies to the people of Jamaica duiijy 
the time of Mr. Gross's supplying here, as they shall judge most convenie% 

Sthly. Mr. Cross, and whatever other actual minister shall be orderieak 
supply this new erection, shall, as far as circumstances will allow, act |3 
benave among them, for promoting of their edification publicly and privat^ 
as if they stood in a personal relation to them. u 

Some reasons for supporting this overture. a 

1st. That justice shall hereby be done to both congregations by this neeif* 
sary delay. , 

2dly. Hereby provision will be made for this congregation as much to thoj 
desire and edification as possibly can be in such circumstances. i.< 

3dly. This Synod will appear to act tenderly and conscientiously, and m 
avoid precipitancy on both hands. i 

4thly. During this intervening time, by Divine Providence, the aspect ifj| 
these afiairs may be so far altered and cleared, tliat the Synod may be able i|^ 
determine, both to the edification and. satisfaction of all parties concerned* 

Lasdy. We think it would be very unsafe at present, finally to determioji 
the matter one way or other, lest we should commit a very hurtful mistaLe.,.^ 

The above overture and reasons were approvcn neniine contradicente. yf 

And accordingly Mr. Cross is appointed to supply this new erection n^ 
Sabbath, and as many Sabbaths immediately before our next meeting as ww 
complete the above two months. Mr. Pumry is ordered to supply Jamaiei), 
the second Sabbath of April, Mr. Lamb the fourth Sabbath of April, Mr. Jol||l 
Cross the first two Sabbaths in May. ^, 

Mr. Madowell b appointed to supply this new erection the months of Oclor 
her and November, Mr. Jamison the month of December, Mr. Alison th^j 
month of January, Mr. Carlile the month of February, Mr. Alexander tfcftj, 
month of March. ..^ 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet to-morrow morning, atninl^ 
of the clock.. 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May. Concluded with prayer. 

According to appointment the Synod met at Philadelphia, 

May 25th, 1737. Ubi post precea sederunt, . 

Ministers: Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, John ITiomson, James AndersoOsi 
Richard Treat, Joseph Houston, Robert Calhcart, Adam Boyd, Robert Cross, 
Robert Jamison, Hugh Carlile, James Martin, John Paul, William Tennent, 
Gilbert Tennent, Henry Hook, George Gillespie, Thomas Evans, Samuel 
Blair, Samuel Black, Francis Alison, Patrick Glascow, and Alexander Hutch- 
inson. 

Ministers absent: Messrs. Thomas Craighead, Ebenezer Goold, Daniel 
Elmer, Hugh Stevenson, William Bertram, Alexander Craighead, William 
Tennent, jun'r., David Evans, Hugh Conn, John Orme, David Cowell, Ebe- 
nezer Weld, John Cross, John Pierson, Jonathan Dickinson, Joseph Weblr, 
Samuel Pumry, Ebenezer Pemberton, Hubbell, Horton, Chalker, Notmaii. 

EUders present: Messrs. William Gray, Thomas Boyd, Philip Tanner, 
Jeremiah Lockery, John Wilson, James Buchanan, Matthew Adams, John 
Richey, Samuel' Allen, William McCullough, Robert Patton. 

Mr. Hook chosen moderater, Mr. Evans clerk. 

Mr. Boyd, the last year's moderator, opened the Synod with a sermon on 
2 Cor. iv. 5. 

Adjourned till of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with pimyer. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 11^9 

26 ifay, at nine o* clocks A. M. post preees^ sederunt qui supra* 

ered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read, 
ered, That the minutes of the last year's Synod be read. 
Iters Gillespie, Hook, Hutchinson, Glascow, and Gilbert Tennent, gave 
I for their absence last year, which were sustained. 
he members of the Presbytery of East Jersey, were absent last year 
Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, Pierson, Blair, and William Tennent, jun'r. 
reasons given; and said members are now also absent, (except Gilbert 
It.) 

nrs. Thomson, Andrews, Boyd, Treat, Gillespie, M artm, and the mode- 
ppointed to be a committee for the Fund, and any other business the 
shall recommend to them. 

Presbytery books of liCwis, New Castle, and East-Jersey, were not 
L Messrs. Alison and Cathcart, ordered to revise the Presbyteiy 
' Donegall, and Mr. Anderson and Mr. Cross, the Presbytery book of 
ilphia. 

iry being made who had brought coUections for the fund, it was found 
asters Anderson, Thomson, Jamison, Paul, William Tennent, and 
ie, had brought something, which was ordered to be delivered to Mr. 
rs. 

m. Anderson, Andrews, Thomson, Gillespie, Dickinson, Pemberton, 
I, Robert Cross, Thomas Evans, Boyd, and the moderator, appointed 
le commission of the Synod for the year ensuing, and that if they have 
Q to meet, they endeavour to have elders with mem. 
m. Bertram, David Evans, John Cross, and William Tennent, jun'r^ . 
isons of their absence, which were sustained. 

reported that Mr. David Cowell in the Presbytery of Philadelphia, ^^|.|i, 
moel Black in the Presbytery of Donegall, and Mr. Francis Aliso:' 
sbytery of New Castle, were, after the usual trials, ordained since 
and mat said persons did all of them adopt the Westminster Coi^.^^, 
c, according to order of Synod. ^ 

Ted, That an account of the fund be brought in before the Syii^^^ 
rp. 

Cathcart acknowledged his irregularity of departing from last Sync^ 
t leave, promising better care in that matter for the fhture, which w& ' 
d. 

appointments of last Synod, with respect to the new erection in Phila* 
and the congregation of Jamaica, were fulfilled. And inquiry being 
rhether there were any representatives or letters from Jamaica, relating 
Cross's transportation, it was found that a letter was come which was 
[ to be brought in in the afternoon. And the representatives of the 
ection were ordered to bring in what they had to offer in the aflemoon. 
umed till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three of the clock f P. M, Post preces^ sederunt qui supra, 
ered. That the minutes of our last sederunt be read, 
order with relation to the fund continued. 

Hunter having petitioned that he might be restored to preach the ^os- 
Dhrist, &c. and we being satisfied of his good and becoming carnage 
iduct since our last, are willing to give him all due encouragement, 
isidering the judgment of the Synod last year, and the reasons of it, 
not allow the said Mr. Hunter to preach the gospel until he has fir>t 
irough the ordinary course of trials in some Presbytery belonging to 
nod, and the Synod does recommend it to the Presbytery to wUch he 



/ 



/ 
/ 



jgQ MINUTBS OF THE 

may apply, to treat him with all suitable and Chrtfltiaii lewty and tesderiM 
which was approved, ixemint contradieenie, ^ • 

The above minute being read to Mr. Hunter he desired time to eoanda 
it, which was granted. j 

The affair of the new erection at Philadelphia, deferred till to-moo 

morning. *^- 

A re&rence from the Presbytery of Philadelphia relating to Mr. Moifl 

suspension coming before us, and after reading the minutes of said Pral| 

tery, with the evidences they grounded their judgment upon, and Mr. MflM 

having liberty to offer what he thought fit in his own defence, the afiair,4| 

doe consideration, was lef^ to the committee to bring an overture upai ft 

morrow morning. **'  

Ordered, That the committee meet at eight of the doc^ to-morrow M 

Log. ^' 

Adjourned till ten of the clock to-morrow morning. Coneloded t 

prayer. 

27th day. M ten of the clock, A. M. Post precea, sederunt qui suf 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
The order respecting the fund continued. 

The committee brought in an overture on Mr. Morgan's affair, which ii 
followeth, viz. 

Overtured, on Mr. Morgan's affair, That inasmuch as it would bebodi; 
^ ficult and tedious for the whole Synod to make a particular inquiiy IBiB 
t^- whole affau*, the Synod appoint the Presbyteries of Philadelphia HI 
CiVersey to meet as a committee at Maidenhead, and judge of said a vl 

Misolve Mr. Morgan from the censure he lies under, 2" he appeal 
her ancitent, and no new accusations be advanced against him ; and Mr. 
month *>ntinue under suspension until said committee meet, and that at U 
month tbers of each Presbytery meet as a quorum. The first Wedr 
Ord^st to be the time of meeting; and k is ordered, that every mi 
of the ifeavour to bring an elder with him. Approved, nemine contradic 
-^^mr. Hunter came in and professed his acquiescence with the Sync 

asion in his affair. 
^. The affair of Mr. Cross's transportation reassumed, and a supplicatii 
^he new erection pressing the accomplishment of it pursuaat to theii, 
him, and a letter from the congregation of Jamaica, offering reasons 
his transportation, being read, together with the minutes of our last c 
affair, the Synod thought it proper to inquire of Mr. Cross himself wl 
present sentiments were respecting said affair; which being done by th 
derator, he desired liberty to defer giving his answer till Uie next aedi 
which was granted. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three of the clock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui stqfn 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
The order respecting the fund continued. 

A paper being brought in by Mr. Elioch Armitagc, signed by many ha 
of the congregations of Hopewell and Maidenhead, requesting, that since ! 
Morgan is not likely to be useful any more as a minister among them, fi 
his repeated miscarriages, if the Synod should see cause to restore him to 
ministry, he might not be reinstated z,3 their minister: The Synod cam< 
this result, that the people of Hopewell and Maidenhead be left at their libi 
to entertain Mr. Morgan as their pastor or not, even supposing the commi' 
appointed to meet on his affair in August, should see cause to restore hifl 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 13X 

he ezerciM of the minutry ; only the Synod enjoins the people to pay to Mr. 
fkigaii what arrears are due to him for time past The above minute ap- 
fciwjj, nmmne eontradieente. 

^The affair of Mr. Crosses transportation came again under consideration, 

lAe representatives of the new erected congregation of this city put in a 

ition which was read, the purport whereof was to invalidate what was 

ia the supplication from Jamaica : Mr. Cross was desired to give his 

mts of this affair, which he did at length, and at last submitted himself 

to the judgment of the Synod, and then, all parties being removed, the 

entered upon a very serious debate about this whole affair, in which 

de time being spent, at last after solemn calling upon God for Hght 

direction in such a momentous matter, it was put to the vote. Transport 

Cross from Jamaica to Philadelphia or not, and it was carried in the 

itive, nemine contradtcente. 
letter was brought in from Mr, Henricus Goetschius to Mr. Andrews, 
_ ufying his desire, and the desire of many people of the German nation, 
kit lie might be ordained by order of Synod to the work of the ministry, 
■on which the said Mr. Goetschius was desired to appear before the Synod, 
Eit they might see his credentials and have some discourse with him ; which 
eing done, he produced testimonials from Germany, which were ample and 
Uisfactory to the Synod respecting his learning and good Christian conversa- 
dq; whereupon he was recommended to the care of the Presbyter\' of Phila- 
ll|diia« to act upon further trials of him, with respect to his ordination, as to 
wm diOBld seem fit 

Osd^ id. That the committee meet to-morrow morning at eight of the clock. 
J^' med till ten of the clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

' % day. At ten of the clock, A. M. Post preces, sederunt qui supra. 

red. That the minutes of the last sederunt be read, 
affair of the fund continued. 
m reading the minutes of the last sederunt respecting Mr. Cross's trans- 
imi) at his request it was ordered, that Messrs. Thomson and Anderson 
a-enitable letter to the congregation of Jamaica, signify ing what was done 
id affair, and bring it in before the Synod break up. 
mpplication from the new erection in this city being brought in and read, 
a leferred to the committee to bring in an overture upon it 
aopplication from part of the congregation of Neshaminy, containing 
an of complaint against Mr. William Tennent, and also an answer to the 
tml articles of said supplication from another part of the said congregation 

a brought in, and both of them read article by article, and both parties 
at length what they had to say, all parties were ordered to remove, and 
le time being taken upon the merits of that cause, Mr. Thomson was or- 
ed to draw up an overture on that affair, and bring it in in the afternoon. 
Mr. Cathcart asked leave to depart, and it was granted. 
Ordered, That the committee meet at three of the clock, P. M . 
Adjourned till four of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At four of the clock, P. AL Post preceSy sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
Ordered, That the account of the fund be brought in next sederunt. 
Upon the affair of Neshaminy overtured. That the reasons advanced by the 
mflected party of that congregation in their supplication, in justification of 
leir non-compliance with the Synod's judgment in relation to them last year, 
id their desire to be freed from Mr. Tennent as their pastor, are utterly in- 
ifficient, being founded, (as appears to us,) partly upon ignorance and mis- 



X32 MINUTES OF THS 

take, and partly, (as we fear,) upon pr«jadice« It in therefore ordeved^ 
&e moderator recommend it to eaid people to lay aside audi gTomidkas 
aatia&ctiona, and return to their duty, which they have too long aferayed fi 
otherwise the Synod will be bound in duty to treat them aa disordeHy.. ^ 
proved, nemine cantradieente. 

Overtured, That Mr. Cross's instalment be as soon as conveniendy m^ 
after his return from Jamaica, and that the Synod on Monday next appoial 
person that shall instal him. 

Overtured, That Mr. Elder supply the new erection the three last f 
baths in June, and the first in July; Mr. Alexander the other four Sabbath 
July, and Mr. Carliie the month of August, if there be occasion. 

Overtured, That one hundred pounds be allowed out of the fund to en 
the new erected congregation to build an house of worship, and that said 1 
dred pounds be paid at the meeting of the next Synod, if said congregatioi 
obliged to build a meeting-house for themselves; and that the Synod at tl 
meeting consider what is further to be done that way. But in case the 
congregations should unite to their mutual satisfaction, that then there 
only fi^ pounds allowed them out of the fund, towards purchasing a bui) 
ground. 

The above overture approved, nemine conintdicente. 

Adjourned till ten of the clock on Monday morning. 

The committee to meet at eight of the clock. Concluded with praysri* 

30/A day, ai ten of the clock, A. M. Postpreces, sederunt qui itqu 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
The aoGOUBt of the fund brought in, and it appears that there is in it anti 
dent to any disbursements to be made this year: 

£ s. d. 
Due per bonds, • 516 4 11^ 

Per interest on said bonds, 60 19 11 

In cash, - - 11 00 3 

In all, - - ^588 5 H 

A supplication coming in from Trenton to the committee, desiring t 
something might be allowed to them out of the fund, overtured that ; 
pounds be allowed them for this present year, £5 

Overtured, That the janitor have for his service the sum of 1 10 

Pursuant to a supplication from Mr. Black's congregation, over- 
tured that they be allowed the sum of five pounds, 5 

Overmred, That the treasurer have for his service the sum of 6 

The above overtures were approved. 

Mr. William Tennent, senior, having last year supplicated the comml 
to remit him the interest of his bond for four years then past, and the a 
mittee taking this into consideration, thought it not proper to grant him his 
quest, but referred it to the consideration and determination of the Syn 
which being now brought into the Synod, and Mr. Tennent renewing 
petition, they taking it into consideration, agreed to grant his request, the e 
four year*s interest amounting to the sum of seven pounds four shillings. 

The Synod, according to the order of Saturday, coming to consider v 
shall instal Mr. Cross to the new erection, do now appoint Mr. Andrewi 
do the same, and that from this time Mr. Cross and said new erection 
joined to the Presbytery of Philadelphia. 

Mr. Anderson and Mr. Thomson brought in their letter to the people 
Jamaica, which was approved, and ordered to be sent to them. 

An overture to be considered by the committee of the Synod. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. |33 

i iBMiBudi sfl God, who Ls a God of order, requires in an especial manner, 
lim all the afiain of his kingdom on earth should be done decently and in or- 
Ih; and inasmuch as there may be frequent occasion in the course of Divine 
Itofideaoe, that the transportation or moving of ministers, or probationary 
, from one Presbytery to another, for preventing many inconve- 
„ that may ensue upon irregular steps that may be taken on such occa- 
il is humbly proposed as a fit expedient: 
Ast That no probationer take upon him to preach in any vacant congre- 
withoat Uie order of the Presbytery under whose care he is. 
^JlMmdly. That no such probationer preach to any vacant congregation 
vAhont the bounds of the Presbyteiy to which he belongs, until his way be 
Aaed thereunto by the order and appointment of the Presbytery under 
•hose care and inspection such congregation is. 

k; Tioidly. That no Presbytery take upon them to appoint such probationer 
li^Mach within their bounds without Presby terial credentials, or recommen- 
IHioiis for that purpose from the Presbytery unto which such probationer be- 

rourthly. That no vacant congregation take upon them to invite or en- 
souage any minister, or probationer, to preach among them without the con- 
Knt amd concurrence of their own Presbytery, nor until such probationer has 
preached before them with approbation. 

Fifthly. That no minister take upon him to invite any minister, or proba- 
tiOBer, from the bounds of another Presbytery, to preach unto any vacant con- 
negation without the advice and concurrence of the brethren of his own Pres- 
bytery. 

To evince the reasonableness of the above particulars, besides the inconve- 
niences that may ensue upon the neglecting of such an order or method, it 
Bsy be considered that both probationers and vacant congregations are and 
ought to look upon themselves as under the direction and government of their 
respective Presbyteries. That they ought to be ordered, directed, and con- 
Botred with, by them, in all the steps taken in order to their being setded. 

It ia also humbly proposed that the Synod would make an order to inquijre 
ready, at our respective Presbyteries, concerning their observation of the or- 
lor and agreement of September, 1735, in relation to our receiving of minis- 
toi and preachers from Europe. 

This ^K>ve overture approved. 

Mr. Barr, in behalf of the new erection of this city, supplicated the S3aiod 
'or their direction and assistance in sending to Great Britain, or Ireland, for 
lome assistance of money for them. The Synod agrees to it, and appoints 
Hr. Thomson, Mr. Anderson, Mr. Cross, and the moderator, to assist said 
xn^gation in said affair. 

Tbe Presbytery books of Philadelphia and Donegall were brought in and 
fproved. 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May next, and then to meet at 
Hiiladelphia, at two of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

May the 24th, 1738. 

The Synod met at Philadelphia, according to appointment. 

tfbi post preces sederunt. 
Ministers: Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, William Tennent, David Evans, 
)iniel Elmer, Richard Treat, Hugh Carlile, David Cowell, George Gilles- 
ie, Joseph Houston, Robert Cathcart, Francis Alison, Charles Tennent, 
onathan Dickinson, John Pierson, Ebenezer Pemberton, Gilbert Tennent, 
V^illiam Tennent, junior, John Cross, Samuel Blair, Henry Hook, James 
12 



134 MINUTBS OF THE 

Martin, Robert Jameson, James Anderson, John Thomson, Adam Baf 
John Paul, Alexander Craighead, and Samuel Black. •«! 

Elders: Messrs. William Gray, Richard Walker, James Abraham, Jam 
Erwin, William Semple, Philip Tanner, Robert Calwell, Robert FiaM 
William McMackin, John McCrey, Richard Alison, Andrew Creggt Jell 
Robb, John Lackey, William Sherran, Robert McConachy. it 

Ministers absent: Messrs. Robert Cross, Ebenezer Goold, Eleazer WaM 
Thomas Evans, Alexander Hutchinson, Joseph Webb, Aaron Burr, SiiM 
Hprton, John Nutman, Isaac Chalker, Samuel Pumry, Walter Wiimotf :ll 
trick Glascow, Hugh Stevenson, Thomas Craighead, William Bertram, Jah 
Orme, Hugh Conn. i^ 

Mr. Henry Hook, last year's moderator, opened the S3mod by a soiai 
from John xxi. 14. M 

Mr. Richard Treat chosen moderator, and Mr. Francis Alison, derk, ^ 

Ordered, That the last year's minutes be read. • » 

Messrs. Elmer, Cowel, Craighead, Pierson, Dickinson, Pemberton, BU 
ton, Webb, and Nutman, gave reasons for their absence last year, wbM 
were sustained. 

Messrs. Thomson, Andrews, Dickinson, Pemberton, Boyd, Gillesme, Mm 
derson, Martin, and the moderator, appointed for a committee for toe fM 
and any other business the Synod shall recommend to them. 

The Presbytery books of Lewes and East Jersey were not bros^ 
Messrs. Houston and Hook ordered to revise the Presbytery book of Pmli 
delphia ; Messrs. Paul and Martin to revise the Presbytery book of Nevi 
Castle; Messrs. John Cross and William Tennent, jun'r. to revise the Pits 
bytery book of Donegal!. , J 

The Presbytery of Long-Island being reduced so that a quorum cannot mf^ 
tedly meet about business, it is ordered, tliat they be united to the Presb3rtM| 
of East-Jersey, and to be henceforth known by the name of the Presbylerf J 
New York. ♦! 

Adjourned till nine o*clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayiM 

25th day J at nine o* clock, A, M. post precea sederunt, qtH supnu n 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last s&ierunt be read. -i 

Ordered, To proceed in reading the last year's minutes. ^ 

The Synod taking the state of the fund into consideration, and finding tM 
many congregations are deficient in contributing to so good a design, and tblj 
ministers have not been so careful as they might be in proposing and endiSt 
vouring that thing, it is unanimously agreed by all the members of the Synodi 
that every minister shall either seasonably propose the affair, and read till 
Synod's letter to their respective congregations, and appoint a day for a poUis 
collection, if there be occasion for such a step to carry on the design, or oUifl 
themselves to pay out of their own proper estates ten shillings to the ftnil 
and that every Presbytery take care that their respective members, obsenreli 
order made in the year, 1736, f directing absent members to send coUectioiiit) 
and that they, as soon as possible, notify what is now done to all the absest 
members. And seeing that the respective congregations of the Synod conni' 
bute to the fund, and have a right to know how what is collected is disposed 
of and managed, ordered, nem. con. that there be a minister and an elder odl 
of every Presbytery, appointed to be members of the committee for the funi 
And in pursuance of this order, the following elders are appointed for this yell 
hi conjunction with the ministers before mentioned, namely, William Giayi 
Robert Finney, Richard Alison, James McCoy. ^ 

Messrs. Anderson, Andrews, Thomson, Gillespie, Dickinson, Pembeitoti 
Pierson, Robert Cross, I'homas Evans, Boyd, Martin, and die modentOKi 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 135 

itaointed to be the commLMion of the Synod for the year enBuing, and that 

WKj endeavonr to bring elden with them if they have occasion to meet, and 

iMiBy fiTo of these members be a quorum. 

• Itv reported that Mr. Charles Tennent, in the Presbytery of New Gasde, 
Mr. Avon Burr and Mr. Walter Wilmott, in the Presbytery of New York, 
mn, ifler the usual trials, ordained since the last Synod, and that they did 
rilif'lhem adopt the Westminster Confession, &c. according to order of this 

. Hyipd. 
'*')Oriered, That an account of the fund be brought in before the Synod 

,  Dp. 

The committee appointed by the Synod to meet at Maidenhead and inquire 
I fen Mr. Morgan's affair, met according to appointment, and the minutes of 
[ Aar proceedings being read and approved, were ordered to be inserted in the 
tpiod book, and they are as follows:* 

A petition with some papers being sent by Mr. Morgan to the Synod, after 
Mrfmg the pedtion, they referred the consideration of said papers to the com- 
ilfdee. 

It is reported that Mr. Robert Cross was installed since our last, according 
li Ibd Synod's appointment, and that the two congregations in Philadelphia 
Mn since united. 

It was overtured by some members, that some order should be made to 
fnvmt irregularities that may arise in our churches, by some ministers and 

' * "Atameetinr of the Presbytery of Philadelphia and £a8t* Jersey, (being a committee 
appointed by the Svnod to transact in the affair of Mr. Morgan,) on the first Wednesday 
«f Angost, at Maidenhead, 1737, uhi poft preees sederunt: Members of the Presbytery 
^munidelphia : Mr. Jcdidiah Andrews, Mr. David Evans, Mr. Richard Treat, Mr. David 
€bv«D, and Mr. Hagh Carlilc. Members of EastJersey Presbytery: Mr. William 
tWnent, jon'r. Mr. John Nutman, and Mr. Samuel Blair. Elders: John Snowden, 
Jkstid Rhee, Stofiel Lonntreat, and Natlianiel Brittin. Mr. Andrews chosen moderator, 
sad Mr. Txeat clerk. Mr. Treat opened the committee by a sermon on John xii. 26. 
Ths eonunittee entered upon the affair of Mr. Morgan, and read the minute of the Synod 
fkU commiBsionated them for said business ; and nnding that the terms of Mr. Morgan*! 
Mqmnon being taken off were these, viz: There not appearing any new accusations 
■funt him, and his giving them sensible evidence of his repeutance, the committee 
inweeded to inquire whether any new accusations were to be brought in against him. 
ypon which several evidences were ziven in to the committee, one from William Brittin 
n writing, and another from Nathaniel Brittin, and another from James Chambers, viva 
Mee, which were taken down in writing; (which are all kept in retentis,) after this the 
eBttnittae adjoomed to eight o'clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

^ 4ik day, at eight o'clock. A, M, Post preees sederunt qui supra, 

"Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

*11ie affair of Mr. Morgan being resumed, the committee proceeded according to 
fcetion to inqnire into the signs of his repentance, and after a long conference with him 
M private, the committee entered into a serious debate about the matter, in order to come 
iiajodgmant. And after much time spent in the business, without coming to any con- 
dHion, they adjourned to four of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

** At four of the clock, P. M, Postprsces sederunt qui supra, 

"TTie miiratea of the last sederunt ordered to be read. 

*Tbe committee reentered upon the consideration of Mr. Morgan's affair, and began 
Vith a oonftrenoe again with him. And after Mr. Morgan was withdrawn, they came 
ti an inquiry among themselves, what conclusion they could come into about the pre- 
nitei; iad after the deepest consideration, and most serious deliberation, they unani- 
■ooily judged, that inasmuch as some new and express accusations have been bronght 
^gaiast him sinee the order of last Synod, and in all our conference with Mr. Morgan, lie 
give OS no rafficient evidence of his repentance, but still continues to deny the most 
atfcrial and notorious instances of the things formerly proved against him, they cannot 
iee ctnse to take off the suspension, but judge it their boundcn duty to continue it as 
bdbrs. Condoded with prayer.'* 




X36 MINUTES OF THE 

probationers preaching to racant congregations without the bonnds of th 
respective Presbyteries, without allowance from the Presbytery under whi 
care the said vacant congregations may be. This was debated for some tin 
and deferred till next sederunt. 
Adjourned till three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

M three of the ehck^ P. M. Post preeet^ sederunt qui tuprt^ 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The affair of the fund continued. 

The debate concerning ministers preaching without the bounds of theirs* 
Presbyteries, to vacancies in the bounds of another Presbytery, witfaoat4| 
consent of some of the members, was reassumed, and overtured upon it, 
no minister belonging to this Synod shall have liberty to preach in aoy 
gregation belonging to another Presbytery whereof he is not a member, 
he is advised by any minister of such Presbytery, that he thinks his 
ing in that congregation will have a tendency to procure divisions and 
ders, until he first obtain liberty from the Presbytery or Synod so lot) 
This being put to the vote, was approved. i 

Overtured, That in order to obviate some mistakes, that it is supposed umt 
of the members of the Synod were in, with respect to the preceding overtirfl 
that it be voted that every minister belonging to this Synod, has libeilflri 
preach in any vacant congregation where he shall be occasionally and pnrii 
dentially called, even though he is out of the bounds of the PresbytnjIH 
which he belongs, unless he be first advised by some minister of such M 
bytery, that his preaching there is likely to procure divisions and disordeisij 
such congrc^tion ; and even when he is so advised by any minister of id4 
Presbytery, ne may yet preach in such congregation, if by liberty first iM 
tained from such F^bytery or from the Synod, but not otherwise. Affsi 
nemine contradicente. ri 

Inquiry being made of the several Presbyteries, whether they have eofll 
plied wilh an order of Synod touching the admission of ministers or euA 
dates that come from Europe, it was found that said order has been complifli 
with. 

A letter from the Synod of Ireland, was read and referred to the commiM 
to consider what is to be done in reference to it. 

Ordered, That the committee meet to-morrow morning, at eight of Ai 
clock. 

Adjourned till ten o*clock, to-morrow. Concluded with prayer. 

26th day, met at fen o\lock, according to appointment, A. M. Uli jMi 
preces sederunt qui supra. 

The minutes of the last sederunt ordered to be read. 

The affair of the fund continued. 

Leave being desired by Mr. Ehner and Mr. Evans to depart, it vi 
granted. 

Upon the consideration of the letter from the Synod in Ireland, the coo 
mittee brought in this overture, viz : That a respectful letter be wrote to tk 
Synod in Ireland in answer to theirs, and brought into the Synod for qipR 
bation. Agreed, and ordered, that Mr. Anderson and Mr. Thomson wiil 
said letter. 

Upon a supplication of some members of the Presbytery of New Torki I 
be erected into a distinct Presbytery with some of the members of the Pie 
bytery of Philadelphia: Overtured, That their petition be granted, aodtfai 
all to the northwaid and eastward of Maidenhead and Hopewell unto Rariti 
river, including also Staten-Island, Piscatua, Amboy, Bound-Brook, Baskii^ 



SYNOD OP PHILADELPHIA. 137 

Turicey, RocksiticiuEi, Minisinks, Pequally, and Crosswicks, be the 
of that Presbytery; and that the said Presbytery be distinguished by 
of the Presbytery of New-Brunswick, and that the time of their 
to be the second Tuesday of August next, at New-Brunswick. This 
oivtBie was approved. 
Upon the supplication of John Caldwell, in behalf of himself and many 
of our persuasion, who are about to settle in the back parts of Vir- 
deairing that some members of the Synod may be appointed to wait on 
Hitgoremment, to solicit their favour in behalf of our interest in that place: 
^fntared, That according to the purport of the supplication, the Synod ap- 
||ritt two of their number to go and wait upon the governor and council of 
n^piiia» with suitable instructions in order to procure the favour and coonte- 
mmat of the government of that province, to the laying a foundation of our 
[jtoest in the back parts thereof, where considerable numbers of families of 
ptepenuaaion are settling, and that something be allowed out of our fund to 
the charges of said brethren who shall be appointed, and tliat also provi- 
be made for supplying the congregations of said brethren during their 
from them, while prosecuting that affair; and that Messrs. Robert 
Anderson, Conn, and Orme, prosecute said affair; and that Messrs. 
, Dickinson, and Pemberton, prepare instructions for said brethren, 
lad write a letter in the name of the Synod to the said government, to be 
baagfat in and approved by the Synod ; and that the respective Presbyteries 
hka care of these congregations during the absence of their pastors. And it 
Muther overtured, that these brethren be allowed a discretionary power of 
■lag what money they have occasion for, to bear their expenses in a manner 
■k&te to this design, being accountable to the Synod for their conduct in the 
iUe affair. Approved nemine contradicerUe, 

^ A aapplieation from part of the congregation of Pequea was read, desiring 
■Uier to have some part of the labours of Mr. David Alexander, till they be 
pigBA by the Presbytery of Donegall to have sufficient ability to support the 
■npd themselves, or to be erected into a congregation and having supplies 
gmied them ; their affair was deferred till another year, which we hope will 
mm a happy tendency to bring things to a good issue, and till then they are 
% acquiesce in the determination of their Presbytery. "Which was approved 
by t great majority. 
The conmiittee to meet at three o*clock. 
Adjourned till four o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At four o^docky P, M. post precea sederunt qui aupra^ 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sedenaU be read. 

The order respecting the fund continued.. 

Upon a supplication from Mr. Morgan, and some papers of his that were 
hid before the Synod, it is overtured, that inasmuch as Mr. Morgan has given 
As Synod no sufficient evidence of his repentance for the gross scandals laid 
to his charge, and proved against him, they judge that Mr. Morgan continue 
IMier censure until he give just ground for the removal thereof^ either to the 
l^liod or the Presbytery of Philadelphia. Approved nentme cantrodicenie. 

The Presbytery book of New Castle approved^ 

' A Temonstnnce from Mrii George Gillespie was read, in which he cowe* 
jUus against the Presbytery of Donegall, for treating Mr.. Zanchy» a probih 
foaer m their bounds^ with too much lenity in only rebuking him, and not 
Mm pamAing hun wh«> he stood charged with composing a discourse in which 
veie croaa and evident errors, and ibr sending said notes to Mr. Henry Hun* 
ter, y&o preached them to his own overthrow. Upon which the 83mod came 
iiOKili»^fiUowiiigcoiMshiMoa: Thai though theycamot hot gaeatiy eondemn 

la* 



I3R MINIJTfW OP THE 

•nd '•'^€iir/« Vfr /'^T»*»>tv'-« r-of»#1nfff, m ^irtin^ \he. plr»e!arv m tTmnenbiiic 
oiii '>f jr?Ti»/*/1 nifhfff*, ih*»r#*hy lo imo'>«» upon the Pnwhytpiy, invniff tl 
fi}nf* 1/ 1 »*'.«' '»f )iw rn!ni«*^rml pf»w<»Tw, mrl m ^^nrting rhc same aoiea to n 
'"m'li'lit/* •'! fnih\r liim to nnpo««» ii*>on hi*» Pm^byiety in :he dame an 
nm ••'I'M !• r»ir hi«» jrrfitr<*t imprnf1on«»« in spnrtin^ ^ncn hereaeai notes a£ 
^vhr-rnfiy m'»<«* '1'i?Mfrron* orrop* c»ni^ tn hi* v#»nitert; yet iMmmiiRniur -m 
/inrlv/ wi^ ^Trirply tMmnTii^hM Ky hi»« Pf(»shyti»ry, that tiia cnaiB wwes 
hm'* -li'ipi, !T)'I h»M rtT'lin?»tion :i ^6n«»i<i*»Tahl<* fimn rlAiayed on rfae accoi 
'h''', h»^ pnivli»nt, \v/» ^hnll now hy no fnrth^ r^nmire npon him. bnt lum 
PfH^lryrnfy wi*fr* *l«f(r»^iivft in not (nkintf notire in thftir minutes or hu 
«ii''h f» pH|?i''''y, '*^ ^^^n^nfinjr him on that arconnt. 

Thf* '•^irrtrnitfo** Jo m/*ff Ut-metrrffW m^^minfl^ at Pi^ht of the dock. 

AfljoiirnfH till ^tn^ oVI/»f*k to-rnorrow mominf(. Concluded with p 

*«7/A ///f//. .^/ vin^ n^thrk, .//. ^. /'o«/ precra, aedenmi qui jvj 

f Inlrrffl. Thif ifif rntnittfH ol thf Innl nwhrtint hi» road. 

'I'lir* fifWr lit tlif fitftil iMiiitinupfl. 

'Hip l*rr*«lM't(*rv hunk nl IMiilnflplphin hriMi{rhi in uml approved. 

Mr. (IHIirrI 'IVnniMtt ri*prp^i*ntpil tii thr rommitloo that there had beei 
|f*riM|{ •tptititniMiH in ^inni* ini]tiir(nnt pnjnlo of diHMrino between hinueil 
Mr. I 'iitrpll. npnn whirh Ihon* hnd U^on i«undr\- Urfir letters passed beti 
titrtn, n inn* ruins whifli hr dr»irp!« thr NyniHr^ opinion. It is ovennrcd, 
thin tilVnir hr rtnipiili^riMl hy w vonuniitro Rp^HMmot) hy the Synod, who 
!*•• iliiiMMrd tn iM»nvpr«i» ^\\\\ Mr. 'IVnneni und Mr. iVwvU iogfethery thai 
ttinv Npp \v))pt)tpr lhp\ po wiiMy dirtx'r in iKoir Monuments as is soppc 
iittil \\ thpy rtnd \\\K\\ flirn* Iv niN»<H«!m\ • d<«nni^5\ v xvj wider the papers; 
Mr 'IVnnrnt ^nd Mv. TowvU Iv Km^ x'-ww. vi\-«r:ii:i »il public discoi 
npon ihi< iiM\tnN\i'i'^x . j^'^^^ x\ rv Kv* *s s^'Vit^^ui:; \v ;iinaiif tlie popii 
nntd ih»' oowunofw )^w •^•♦iV r"^**-" vi*vN' \» *K* ^\ ^t\v, and that no c 

^*'*' -^Vi^x^' ^^f-i^w^.N* ,\s**-««r««.v wv*%' ^URMK. J. Pu^Msion. PiersoUyl 

^ ^*^ \-**^«*>*. ^#-A<^x*««« •A/*M> tint tl«:  ii\Ni\ 1 rttiH 
V ^. ,»..s« ..\s«* «s»*». .»! •>!. »t%-ti««V«K v»i .iK H«>.,trn TATI of HaD" 

 •■ •'»'^' t^sM^ w.-*<v«iA "ii** Miti**»S4. «4i>\>H»i>< '.i-x'c IT, it was K 
^^ • '» ^ ^« •'•^» ^!-%«iM « Km%^ m v.i ,'»*;- ■■...x v. :v*a iti agi 

. . , « .V Iv^ «^i»>«' Mat* ^ ^<M«* 

»,». fc-x VHWrMCk- 111 *«»'jll£' a?»fC» 1 

* ,"  *...%-. x*^*-**^ ti^i^cTv >»d?^r: 1 

■"'  --v > ,^ ^^^ ^^. "b*r^ :, Wti ^r: J^i 



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SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 139 

TCsentatioii of the affair of Hanover: Overtared, That^ however in a former 
amte relating to West Hanover, we have granted, that solemn obligations 
r lot or otherwise may cease, when by any turn of Providence what is en- 
ipl nnto becomes impossible or impracticable, or the end thereof is other- 
ntfcUy and completely answered, yet it appearing doubtful to us whether 
Ivhs the case of said people in respect of the obligation laid upon them to 
■teor join with the people of East Hanover, by a lot or solemn engage- 
■Mto submit to the judgment of the committee of the Presbytery of East 
Imy, who were called to judge in tliat affair, the Synod does judge that the 
rftit way to come to a final determination of that affair is, that a cominittee 
e ^pointed to meet in that place in order to make as exact inquiry as they 
m into the circumstances of that people, whether there really be such a 
mge in their case as to cause the above obligation to cease, and either give 
eir judgment of this matter, or else represent it as it shall appear to them, to 
e fi^nod at our next meeting, which they shall judge most meet, and that 
'essrs. Gilbert Tennent, William Tennent, junior, Samuel Blair, David 
9well, Eleazar Wales, Jedidiah Andrews, Aaron Barr, John Cross, and 
ichard Treat, be a committee to meet at Hanover the last Wednesday of 
ly next, upon the affair, at eleven of the clock, ante meridiem. Approved, 
mine coniradicente. 

A proposal was made by the Presbytery of Lewes to this Synod, which is 
follows : That this part of the world where God has ordered our lot, la- 
nn under a jp^rievous disadvantage for want of the opportunities of univer- 
lies, and professors skilled in the several branches of useful learning, and 
It many students from Europe are especially cramped in prosecuting their 
idies, their parents removing to these colonies before they have an opportu- 
ty of attending the college, after having spent some years at the grammar 
hool; and that many persons bom in the country groan under the same pres- 
Be, whose circumstances are not able to support them to spend a course of 
sars in the European, or New England colleges, which discourages much, 
id must be a deiriment to our church ; for we know that natural parts, how- 
ret great and promising, for want of being well improved, must be marred 
fdieir usefulness, and cannot be so extensively serviceable to the public, 
id that want of due pains and care paves the way for ignorance, and this for 
formidable train of sad consequences « To prevent this evil, it is humbly 
reposed as a remedy, that every student who has not studied with approba- 
on, passing the usual courses in some of the New England, or European 
oUeges, approved by public authority, shall, before he be encouraged by any 
'resby tery for the sacred work of the ministry, apply himself to Siis Synod, 
od that they appoint a committee of their members yearly, whom they Know 
) be well skilled in the several branches of philosophy, and divinity, and the 
inguages, to examine such students in this place, ana finding them well ac- 
NDplished in those several parts of learning, shall allow them a public testi- 
lenial from the Synod, which till better provision be made, will in some mea- 
m answer the design of taking a degree in the college. And for encourage- 
ent of students let this be done, wiUiout putting them to further expenses 
■n attending. And let it be an objection against none, where they have 
ad, or what books, but let all encouragement be only according to ment. 
id 'tis hoped this will fill our youth with a laudable emulation, prevent 
rora yonng men may imbibe by reading without direction, or things of little 
Joe, will banish ignorance, fill our infant church with men eminent for parts 
id leuninfftand advance the glory of God, and the honour of our Synod both 
home and among our neighbours, who conceive a low opinion of us for 
ant of such favourable opportunities. 'Tis further proposed, that all that 
e not licenned to preach the gospel, what university or college soe^r they 



140 MINUTES OF THG 

come from, may undergo the same trials. But inasmuch as this act cannot b 
put in force this year, without discouraging such as may not be apprized of il 
'tis ordered, that there be two standing committees to act in the abonre afU 
for this year, one to the northward and the other to the southward of Phik 
delphia, and that Messrs. John Thomson, Geom Gillespie, Thomas Eving 
Henry Hook, James Anderson, James Martin, Jmincis Alison, be a committM 
for the Presbyteries southward of Philadelphia. And that Messrs. Andrews 
Robert Cross, Gilbert Tennent, Pemberton, Dickinson, Cowell, and PiBTNii 
be a committee to the northward. Approved by a great majority. < 

The committee to meet at nine o*clock to-morrow, A. M. 

Adjourned till three of the clock to-morrow, P. M. Concluded with prayon 

20th day. At three o'clock^ P. M. met according to appointfnent. Oti 
pott preceSf sederunt qtn supra. :n 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. i 

The account of the fund brought in, and it appears that there is, antecedoit 

to any disbursement to be made this year: ) 

Principal, - - £527 4 li 

Interest due, - - - 36 10 9^ 

Cash, ... 19 3 5^ 

In aU, ... £562 18 4^ 

Overtured, That since we shall probably break in upon the capital stock dl 
our fund, by the allowance to Philadelphia, and the dbarge of our messeofrt 
to Virginia, it be resolved that half our yearly interest be kept in stock, udA 
it amount to the sum that by these expenses shall be taken from the capitrff 
Agreed. 

The members appointed to draw up the address to the government of ViK 
ginia, and instructions for the members appointed to go, brought in what they 
had done, which is as follows : 

To the honourable William Gooch, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor of the 
Province of Virginia, the humble address of the Presbyterian ministers cos^ 
vened in Synod, May 28th, 1738, Ac. May it please your honour, wfr^ 
take leave to address you in behalf of a considerable number of our brethren 
who are meditating a settlement in the remote parts of your govemmeiit, and 
are of the same persuasion with the Church of Scotland. We thought it 
our duty to acquaint your honour with their design, and to ask your favour in 
allowing them the liberty of their consciences, and of worshipping God in t 
way agreeable to the principles of their education. Your honour is semh 
ble that those of our profession in Europe have been remarkable for their in- 
violable attachment to the Protestant succession, in the illustrious house of 
Hanover, and have upon all occasions manifested an unspotted fidelity ts- 
our gracious sovereign King George, and we doubt not but these our brethnn 
will carry the same loyal principles to the most distant settlements where thd^ 
lot may be cast, which will ever influence them to the most dutiful submis* 
sion to (he government which is placed over them. This we trust will fa< 
commend them to your honour's countenance and protection, and merit thr 
free enjoyment of their civil and religious liberties. We pray for the DinoB 
blessing upon your person and government, and beg leave to subscribe our 
selves your honour's most humble and obedient servants.. 

Which was approved. 

An answer to tne letter from the Rev. Synod in the north of Ireland was 
brought in by the members appointed for that purpose, and was approved. 

Ordered, That the clerk transcribe the letter^ and the moderator sign it 

Adjourned till the foorth Wednesday of M^ next, at three of the olosk, 
P. M. Concluded with prayer. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 141 

At m meeting of the Synod at Philadelphia* 

May 2Sd, 1739. UU pott preees sederunt^ 
'Ifiniateri of Donegall Presbytery: Messrs. James Anderson, John Thorn* 
Mif Adam Boyd, John Paul, Alexander Craighead, Samuel Black, David 
Alander^ John Elder, Richard Sanchy. Al^nt: Mr. William Bertram, 
liK-IHomas Craighead* 

Mnr Castle Presbytery: Messrs. George Gillespie, Alexander Hutchin- 
m^ Sobert Catfacart, Joseph Houston, Charles Tennent, Francis Alison. 
ilnt: Messrs. Thomas Evans, Hugh Conn, John Orme. 

IfSwes Presbytery: Messrs. Henry Hook, James Martin, Robert JamLson, 
Mb Thomson. Absent: Messrs. Hugh Stevenson, Hugh Carlile, Patrick 
flinoow. 

Philadelphia Presbytery: Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Robert Cross, Wil- 
in Tennent, David Evans, Ebenezcr Goold, David Cowell, Richard Treat. 
Abient: Daniel Elmer, Joseph Morgan. 

New Brunswick: Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, William Tennent, Samuel 
BUr, Eleazer Wales. Absent: John Cross. 

New York Presbytery: Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, Ebenezer Pember- 
lOB. Absent: George Philips, Joseph Lamb, Walter Wilmot, Joseph Webb, 
Aaron Burr, John Nutman, excused^ Nathaniel Hubbell, John Picrson, tx- 
tmd, Silas Leonard, Isaac Chalker, Samuel Pumry. 

EUers: Matthew Atkinson, Thomas liope, John Christy, Hugh Barclay, 
Ma MeCntcheon, Jared Graham, Walter Caruth, Alexander White, Hugh 
HeQnarter, Robert Smith, John Woodrow, William McCrea, William 
MoKoloiigh, Henry Perkar, William Gray, John Weir, David Chambers, 
Ikonas WcMihington. 

Mr. Treat, the last year's moderator, opened the Synod with a sermon on 
9 Cor. V. 18. 

Mr. James Anderson chosen moderator, and Mr. Robert Cross clerk. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last Synod be read. 

Meflsn. Ebenezer Goold, David Evans, Alexander Hutchinson, Joseph 
Webb, Simon Hortvn, John Nutman, William Bertram, gave or sent reasons 
fer last year's absence, which were sustained. 

Mr. Thomas Craighead removed by death since last Synod. 

Mr. Joseph Webb sent reasons for his absence this year, which were sus- 
ined. 

Messrs. Thomson, Andrews, Dickinson, Pemberton, Boyd, Treat, Gilles- 
pie, Cross, Martin, and the moderator, appointed a committee for the fund, 
vd other business the S3mod shall recommend to them. The following 
tUeiB appointed to join with them in the affair of the fund, viz. John Christy, 
Akzamler White, Henry Perkar, William Gray, David Chambers. Mr. 
flnmiel Blair added to the committee of the fund. 

Messrs. Houston and Jamison appointed to revise the Presbytery book of 
Bawgall; Messrs. Black and Elder the Presbytery book of New Castle; 
Meens. Panl and Cathcart the Presbytery book of Philadelphia; Messrs. 
Book and Zanchy the Presbytery book of New Brunswick ; Messrs. Alexan- 
der and Alison the Presbytery book of New York ; Messrs. Cowell and Wil* 
fam Tennent, junior, the Presbytery book of Lewes. 

Adjoomed till nine of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
payer. 

24/A. Nine o^clock, w9. M. Postprtet» itdtrunt qui wpra. 
Ordered, lliat the minutes of the last sedertnU be read. 
Ordered, to proceed in reading the last year's minutes. 
loqairy being made who bad brought coUeotions for the fund, it was found 



143 MINUTES OF THE 

that Messrs. Anderson, Thomson, Boyd, Elder, Blaek, Panl* Cniigheai 
Zanchy, Gillespie, Hutchinson, Cathcart, Houston, Chailes Tennent, Alisoi 
Hook, Martin, Jamison, Andrews, William Tennent, senior, David Evn 
Cowell, Treat. Gilbert Tennent, Blair, Dickinson, and Pemberton, hi 
brought some ; and Mr. Pierson sent some. 

Whereas, by order of last Synod absent members were ordered to mil 
collections in their respective congregations for the future, or if they negla 
it to forfeit ten shillings out of their own private purse, and we iind ih 
Messrs. Wilmot, Burr, Leonard, Chalker, Nutman, and Pumry, absent msi 
bers, have not sent collections, Mr. Pemberton and Mr. Dickinson are thdd 
fore appointed to inform them either to make coUections for this year or pc 
the forfeiture. And Mr. Hugh Carlile and Mr. Glascow are to be infonna 
by the Presbytery of Lewes of the same; Mr. Bertram by the Presbytery « 
Donegall; Mr. 'fhomas Evans by the Presbytery of New Castle; and Mi 
Elmer by the Presbytery of Philadelphia. 

Messrs. Andrews, Thomson, Gillespie, Dickinson, Pemberton, Piem^ 
Robert Cross, Thomas Evans, Boyd, Treat, Gilbert Tennent, Martin, iril 
the moderator, appointed to be the commission of the Synod for the year tut 
ing, and that Uiey endeavour to have elders with them if they have occasja 
to meet, and that any five of the ministers above mentioned be a quorum. , 

It is reported that Messrs. Zanchy, Alexander, and Elder, in the Presbrim 
of Donegall, Mr. John Thomson, jun'r. in the Presbytery of Lewes, andllii 
Leonard in the Presbytery of New York, were after the usual trials oidiiMl 
since the last Synod, and that they did all of them adopt the WestuiinMl 
Confession, &c. according to the order of the Synod in that case provided.'' 

Ordered, That an account of the fund be brought in before the Syai^ 
break up. 

Liquiry being made of the several Presbyteries, whether they have M0 
plied with an order of Synod, respecting the trial of ministers and candidiMi 
coming from Europe, it was found they had so done. 

The congregations of Turkey and Rocksiticus, which were included Jd 
year within the bounds of the Presbytery of New-Brunsiwick, making apfS 
cation to the Synod to be under the Presbytery of New York, it was gruitrf 

Adjourned to three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

jlt three o'clock^ P. ilf. post precea sederunt qui ntpnu 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The affair of the fund continued. 

Ordered, To proceed in reading the last year's minutes. 

A supplication from the people of Leacock was brought in, and after mad 
discourse upon the affair, tlie Synod appointed a committee to meet upon tb 
place, and to view the circumstances of the two contending congregatiooi 
and finally determine the controversy. The members appointed for fd 
committee were Messrs. Houston, Alison, Cathcart, Hook, Cross, and Trei 
who are to meet at Pequea the second Wednesday of October next. 

The aflair of Mr. Morgan's suspension, being remitted to the Presbytery < 
Philadelphia by last Synod, tliey now report that they have taken off h 
suspension, and restored him to the exercise of his ministry again; «r 
the minutes of their proceeding being read, the Synod approves their co 
duct. 

The affair between Mr. Gilbert Tennent and Mr. Cowell, came under co 
sideration in reading last year's minutes, but the committee to whom that affi 
was referred, report that they are not yet prepared to acquaint the Synod wi 
what they have done, which is therefore referred to another sftwrtni/, a 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 143 

Itt lud committee are ordered to get ready and make report as soon as may 

W. 
The committee appointed to go to Hanover, and help the people there in 

thwdifficultief, made report to the Synod of their compliance, and brought 
mihe minutes of their proceedings, which being read were approved and or- 
Aaiito be inserted in their minutes, and are as follows, viz:* 

• Thb Presbytery of Brunswick upon reading over tlie minutes, brought in a 

Eof objections against two acts made last year, which was read, and the 
r consideration of it deferred till to-morrow morning. 
> idjoamed to nine o'clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

], . 25 day at nine 6* clocks post preces sederunt qui supra, 

Oidered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

• Tiie affair of the fund continued. 

The affair of Mr. Cowell and Mr. Tennent deferred. 
. Hie consideration of the New-Brunswick paper reassumed, and after much 
fwnning upon it, the further consideration of it deferred till the afternoon. 
. Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 



\ *** At a eommittee of the Synod met at Hanover, July 26th, 1738, according to appoint* 
■m of Synod, uln po$t preces sederunt : Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Gilbert 'i ennent, 
WnUin Tennent, jun'r. John Cross, David Cowell, and Richard Treat Ministers of the 
absent: Messrs. Samuel Blair, Eleazcr Wales, and Aaron Burr. Mr. Andrews 
moderator, Mr. Treat, clerk. Mr. Gilbert Tennent opened the committee by a 
^ £aBk. zL 19. 

< "The committee in order to lay a clear foundation to go upon, thought proper to read 
tti CGDflider the minutes of the Synod in relation to tlic ofiair; and ailer that was done 
Ihi moderator proceeded to inquire into tlic matter they were come about, and asked the 
pMple of West-Hanover, whether their circumstances were altered for the better since 
fticuting of the lot, and it was answered by some of them in the hearing and behalf of 
Ae whole, that they were much increased as to number of persons in their society, and 
te ther were near one half abler than they were. Which representation was not con- 
tldJrtea nor disproved by any, and plainly appeared to the committee to be the truth of 
ftifr case. A paper also was brought in by Mr. Kitchell and some others, in behalf of 
%BmMlban pert, as their committee, setting forth their weakness, and expressing their de- 
an of an anion with their western brethren, if it could be had upon reasonable terms. 
Upon which, that the committee might come to understand the real truth with respect 
ts Mid eastern people, tiic moderator proceeded to interrogate Mr. Kitchell and others of 
nid eastern part, about their affairs, and they informed the committee, that tliey were 
■Qcb stronger than when the lot was cast; that though it was hard with them for the 
pKsent to fulfil their obligations to Mr. Nutman, yet they cannot but acknowledge they 
tie in growing circumstances, and able to support of themselves. Adding withal, that 
it is their mind, and the mind of their Society, not to have an union with tlie whole of 
the western society but with a part only, and that if the committee should judge them to 
vute upon any of the former terms, covenants, and agreements, it would, to the destruc- 
Abb of the whole, and bo prejudicial to the interest of religion among them. Where- 
the committee came nnanimously to form their judgment afler the following man- 

r,Tit: Tbst according as things are represented to them, and as they appear, they 
but judge, 

** ]. That the former obligations of said people, by virtue of tlic lot formerly cast among 
(hem, arc now impracticable. 

" 2. That the end of the said lot will be much better answered by their being two 
Mpaimte societies, than by being united into one, as formerly was desired and proposed. 

*3. That therefore we judge said western people may be a separate society by them- 
lelves. Furthermore, to prevent any disputes or difficulties between said western society 
ud Baskinff-Ridge, it was proposed and agreed to, mutually by said people, that whoso- 
ever were desirous of going from tlie congregation to which they belong to the other, 
Adl have liberty so to do, provided they pay off all their respective debts duo to the 
isei^ to which tliey have belonged. 

''Tlie above determinations of the committee were published to the aforesaid people, 
lad aH prirlin ex pre s sed their entire satisfaction therein. Concluded with prayer.*' 



144 MINUTES OF THE 

Hwd Siia. P. M. post preees tederuni qui wpru* 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last itatrunt be read. 
The affair of the fand continued. • 

The affair of New-Brunswick Presbytery reassumed, and after mach n 
soning upon it, the further consideration of it deferred till to-morrow mona 
Adjourned till to-morrow morning, at nine of the clock. 
Concluded with prayer. 

2^th day 9 at nine o^ clocks pott preces^ sederunt qui iupm. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last eeaerunt be read. 

The affair of the fund continued, and Ordered, That the committee fori 
fund meet next Monday, at ten of the dock, and prepare said affair to I 
brought into the Synod at the next session. 

The New-Brunswick Presbytery having brought a paper of obj( 
against the act made last year, touchmg the previous examination of candk 
the Synod consented to review that act, and upon deliberation 'amed toi 
following overture, which they substitute in the room of it, viz: It being I 
first article in our excellent Directory for the examination of the candidsiai 
the sacred ministry, that they be inquired of, what degrees they have takaV 
the university, &c. And it being oftentimes impracticable U>r us in tkll 
remote parts of the earth, to obtain an answer to these questions, of thoMwti 
propose themselves to examination, many of our candidates not having c% 
joyed the advantage of a university education, and it being our desire toooM 
to the nearest conformity to the incomparable prescriptions of the DiieetoiTf 
that our circumstances will admit of, and after long deliberation of the mri 
proper expedients to comply with the intentions of the Directory, where v| 
cannot exacUy fulfil the letter of it; the Synod agree and determine, m 
every person who proposes himself to trial as a candidate for the ministry, «j 
who has not a diploma, or the usual certificates from an European or Nai 
England university, shall be examined by the whole Synod, or its condoH 
sion, as to these preparatory studies which we generally pass through st ih 
college, and if they tind him qualified, they shall give' him a certificate, wUd 
shall be received by our respective Presbyteries as equivalent to a diploma) 
certificate from the college. This we trust will have a happy tendency t 
prevent unqualified men from creeping in among us, and answer, in the bei 
manner our present circumstances are capable of, the design which our Direc 
ioTy has in view, and to which by inclination and duty, we are all bound ti 
comply to our utmost ability. This was agreed to by a great majority. 
^ Adjourned till Monday next, at three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayei 

28 day. Hard iertia, P. M, post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The committee for the fund met according to appointment, but not havin 
accomplished said affair, the Synod appoints said committee to meet to-BUi 
row, at eight of the cluck. 

Mr. Gilbert Tennent protested in behalf of himself and such as should joi 
with him, viz: William Tennent, sen'r. William Tennent, jun'r. Samw 
Blair, Eleazer Wales, Charles Tennent, ministers. Thomas Worthingtoi 
David Chambers, William McCrea, John Weir, elders; against the abovi 
mentioned act respecting the trial of candidates. 

The act made last year with respect to ministers preaching out of their on 
bounds, being taken under a review, the Synod determine, that if any ministi 
in the bounds of any of our Presbyteries, judge that the preaching of as 
minister or candidate of a neighbouring Presbytery in any congregation, hi 
had a tendency to promote division among them, or hinder the orderiv aetd 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 145 

Benl of a gospel ministry, in that case he shall complain to the Presbytery in 

vliose bounds the said congregation is, and that the minister who is supposed 

to be the cause of the foresaid division, shall be obliged to appear before them, 

nAil shall be left to them to determine whether he shall preach any more in 

%i.tsmida of that congregation, and he shall be bound to stand to their deter* 

■ntion, until they shall see cause to remove their prohibition, or the Synod 

M have opportunity to take the affair under cognizance. Approved nemine 

windictrUem 

Mr. Anderson reports, that in compliance with an order of Synod last year, 
bbd waited upon the Governor of Virginia with the Synod's address, and 
ad 1 favourable answer, the substance of which is contained in a letter from 
ia governor to the moderator of the Synod, which is as follows: 

"Sir: By the hands of Mr. Anderson I received an address signed by you, 
 ifihe name of your brethren of the Synod of Philadelphia. And as I have 
^Kd always inclined to favour the people who have lately removed from other 
fCbfinces, to settle on the western side of our great mountains ; so you may 
[Vatsored, that no interruption shall be given to any minister of your profes- 
'm who shall come among them, so as they conform themselves to the rules 
jMacTibed by the act of toleration in England, by taking the oaths enjoined 
Weby, and registering the places of their meeting, and behave themselves 
(eiceably towards the government. This you may please to communicate to 
fa Synod as an answer of theirs. Your most humble servant, 
^ ** William Gooch. 

• • TFUHamsburg, November 4ih, 1738." 

.. Messrs. Conn, Gross, and Orme, gave the reasons why they did not go to 

jt^iigioia, which were sustained. 

: Mr. Anderson reports that his journey to Virginia cost fifteen pounds, which 

lie Synod allows out of the fund, and does approve his conduct in the whole 

rfsir. 

|-Oidered, That the committee consider what is to be done further in the 

Sbfinia affair. And the committee returned Mr. Anderson thanks for what 

m nath done in it. 

.. The revisers of the Presbytery book of Brunswick, offered several objec- 

^^DDi against said book, the consideration of which deferred till to-morrow 

■qming. 

The Presbytery book of Philadelphia brought in and approved. 

A reference from tlie Presbytery of Philadelphia, and tlic designed new 
erection at Hopewell and Maidenhead was brought in, and after reading some 
papers, the further consideration of it deferred till to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till ten of the clock, to-morrow morning. 

Conclnded with prayer. 

20th day. HorA decima^ A. M, post precea sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last seaerunt be read. 

The committee for the fund met according to appointment. 
- The account of the fund brought in, and it appears that there is antecedent 
li«iy disbursements to be made this year. 



. 


£ s. d. 


Principal - - - 


517 4 1]^ 


Interest due, - 


- 40 12 9 


Cash in bank, - 


35 17 2J 



In all, - - - - je599 14 lOt 
It a|»p6aring by the Presbytery book of New Brunswick, that notwith- 
•teding the Synod's agreement last year, that no candidate for the ministry 
13 



146 IflNUTEB OF THE 

who has had a private educatkm, shoald be admitted to trials, in order to 1 
licensed to preach the gospel by any Presbytery within our bounds, until mm 
candidate's learning were previously examined by a committee appointed i 
that purpose, that the Presbytery of New-Bninswick have admitted to tii|| 
and licensed Mr. John Rowland to preach the gospel without his submit^l 
to such preparatory examination as was appointed. The Synod do thenfai 
judge the proeeedmgs of the said Presbytery of New-Brunswick to be viq 
disorderly, and do admonish the said Presbytery to avoid such divisive cona| 
for the future ; and do determine not to admit the said Mr. Rowland to b 
a preacher of the gospel within our bounds, nor encourage any of our peod 
to accept him until he submit to such examinations as were appointed by mi 
Synod for those that have had a private education. ,^ 

This overture carried in the affirmative by a great majority. 

There being a reference made by the Presbytery of Philadelphia of 
difficulties brought before them by some of the people of Hopewell 
Maidenhead, and a complaint made to the Synod by some of the said p< 
against the said Presbytery, the Synod do judge that the said people have 
haved with great indecency towards their Presbytery, by their unm 
reflections, and unjust aspersions, both upon the Synod and the Presbyteiji 
and that they have acted very disorderly in improving Mr. Rowland «:lij 
preacher among them, when they were advised by the Presbytery tbtJM 
was not to be esteemed and improved as an orderly candidate of the miniim! 
and the Synod do wholly disallow the said complainants being erected inU tj 
new congregation until they do first submit the determination of the piMi 
for erecting a new meeting-house to their Presbytery, as was formerly agn4 
between them and their neighbours, as a condition of their being a sepanl| 
congregation. 4 

This overture was approved by a great majority. >ii 

And it is further ordered by the Synod, That when the Presbytery of FU|| 
adelphia meet at Hopewell and Maidenhead, to fix the place of a new medl 
ing-house, they shall call the following correspondents : Messrs. John Vi^ 
son, John Nutman, Samuel Blair, Aaron Burr, Nathaniel Hubbell, and Ekiq 
zar Wales. 

Adjourned till two o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Hord secunda, P. M, Post prtctSy aedertmi qui mpra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The committee appointed by the Synod to consider the controversy to" 
tween Mr. Gilbert Tennent and Mr. David Cowell, brought in the followin| 
overture, which being read, the Synod had the great satisfaction to find Ai 
contending parties fully agreed in their sentiments upon the point in contrO' 
versy, according to the doctrine contained in the said overture, viz. ThoogJ 
they apprehend that there are some incautious and unguarded expressiooi 
used by both the contending parties, yet they have ground to hope that dN 
principal controversy between them flows from their not having clear ideas tf 
the subject they so earnestly debate about, and not from any dangerous effon 
they entertain, since they both own that the glory of God is the ultimate eril 
of all things ; and as the point under debate concerns an important doctrine ^ 
religion, we would take liberty to express our minds with respect to it in ^ 
few words, which we hope will be agreeable to the sentiments of the Synod 
and readily agreed to by the parties concerned in this dispute. We apprehefl 
that the glory of God was the only motive that influenced him to all his exttf 
nal operations. For since nothing else had an existence, nothing ccrtaii^ 
could influence him from widiout himself. By his glory declarative, v( 
mean the manifestation of his essential and adorable perfections for the grei 




SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 14^ 

acedlenteiida he designed in this manifestation. It is the indispensable 
idtfrery creature, according to its utmost capacity, to aim at tne same 
vUdi the blessed God has in view, and to endeavour to direct all his ac* 
Vrto it The method in which the Great God has required us to prose- 
end is by a. conformity to his image, and example, and a sincere and 
obedience to his laws. In his infinite and astonishing grace he has 
I HH'flteed inseparably to connect our happiness with the prosecution of 
I iMid. This (A)edience which we are to pay to the Divine law, and by 
l.^teakme we can glorify him, must be performed by us, not only because 
*' iVAe way to happiness, but because ^t is infinitely just and reasonable in 
^^, agreeable to the blessed God, whom we are under indissoluble obliga- 
to obey, and carry on the same designs which he has been pleased to pro- 
in all his actions. And these designs of the glory of God, and our own 
are so inseparably connected that they must never be placed in op- 
to each other. For in all cases, he that actively glorifies God pro- 
km own happiness, and by a conformity to the Divine statutes and laws, 
is the only way to happiness, we, in the best manner Ave are capable, 
God. 
Tfe case of the people of Norrington being represented to the Synod, for 
fpliea for the ensuing year, the Synod appointed Messrs. Boyd, Black, 
fmoMlanf and Alexander, to supply them every third Sabbath until next 

^%!B0d* 

^ ' An orerture for erecting a school, or seminary of learning, being brought in 
il^'Ae committee, the Synod unanimously approved the design of it, and in 
wer lo the accomplishing it did nominate Messrs. Pcmberton, Dickinson, 
OiOfls, and Anderson, two of which, if they can be prevailed upon, to be sent 
kome to Europe to prosecute this affair wiUi proper directions. And in order 
to this, it is appointed that the commission of the Synod, with correspondents 
every Presbytery, meet at Philadelphia the third Wednesday of AuguHt 
And if it be found necessary, that Mr. Pemberton should go to Boston 
to this design, it is ordered, that the Presbytery of New York sup- 
|l)r Us imlpit during -his absence. 

Mr. Hamilton Bell having offered himself to examination, the Synod ap- 
points their commission, together with any other members they think fit, to 
■eet to-morrow, at nine o'clock, for that purpose. 

A petition from^Thomas Clark was presented to the Synod, and it is recom- 
■OMled to all the ministers within our bounds, to whom he shall apply, to do 
vktt they tliink expedient for his relief. 

^ Am overture was presented to the Synod from Mr. Thomas Evans, which 
■onleied to be kept in retentis till the next Synod. 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May next, and then to meet at 
FUladdphia, at three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod met according to appointment, 

Phiiadclphia, May 28/A, 1740. Ubi post preces gederwU, 
' Miakten of the Presbytery of New York: Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, 
Walter Wilmot, Aaron Burr, John Nutman, John Pierson, Simon Horton, 
leeeph Houston. Absent: Ebenezer Pemberton, Joseph Webb, Nathaniel 
HubbelU Silas Leonard, Isaac Chalker. 

Domefdl Presbytery: Messrs. James Anderson, John Thomson, Adam 
Boyd, Alexander Craighead, John Elder, Richard Zanchy, Samuel Cavin, 
' Black. Absent: Samuel Thomson, David Alexander, William Ber* 



New Casde Presbytery: Messrs. George Gillespie, Robert Cathcaxv» 



148 MlflUTJEB OP THE 



Charles Tennent, Fnnda Alison, Samuel Blair, Hugh Conn, 
Hutchinson. Almnt: Thomas Evans, John Onne. 

Lewes PresbTtny: Messrs. James Martin, Robert JamisMi, Hugh 
Absent: Hugh Stevenson, Patrick Olascow. 

PhiladelphnPUBsbytery: Messrs. Jedidiah Jbidrews, Robert Cross^ 
liam Tennent, David Evans, David Cowell, Francis McHenry, Richaid 
Absent: Messrs. Elmer, Morgan, Grooid. 

New-Brunswick Presbytery: Messrs. Grilbert Tennent, Eleazer Wi 
John Cross. 

Elders present: Joseph Woodruff, Joseph Riggs, John Odel, John 
James Montgomery, Daniel Henderson, Robert Matthews, Thomas Ff 
James Swain, John Hamilton, Joseph Steel, Hugh Lion, John Steel, Ji 
Perry, James Cockran, William Gray, John Cross, Cornel Winekoop, Ji 
Miller, William Emmitt, Richard Walker, James McCoy, Robert Ci 
John Howey. 

Mr. Anderson, the moderator of the Synod last year, opened the Synodl 
a sermon on Gal. v. 15. 

Mr. Pierson chosen moderator, and Mr. Treat clerk. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning at nine o'clock, precisely. 

Concluded with prayer. 



( 




29 day^ at nine d* clocks A. M. post preceSf sedenmt qtd sufi% 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. j 

It is reported that Mr. George Philips, of the Presbytery of New You 
and Mr. Paul, of the Presbytery of Donegall, are dead smce last Synod. 

Ordered, That the last year's minutes be read. 

Mr. Bertram, Mr. Glascow, Mr. Alexander, Mr. Oime, excused for 
absence. 

Messrs. Thomson, Andrews, Dickinson, Boyd, Anderson, Gillespie, 
Cross, Martin, Gilbert Tennent, Treat, Alison, and the moderator, 
and Joseph Woodroof, John Alison, John Steel, John Cross, Robert 
mings, Eiders, appointed a committee for the fund, and any other business Ci 
Synod shall recommend to them. 

The Presbytery books of New York, Donegall, and New-Brunswkki 
forgot. 

Mr. Hutchinson and Mr. Houston, appointed to revise the Presbytery bool 
of Philadelphia; Mr. Cowell and Mr. Jamison, the Presbytery book of IM 
Castle; Mr William Tennent, jun'r. and Mr. Blair, the Presbyterj boakif 
Lewes. 

Inquiry being made who had brought collections for the fond, and it int 
found that there was sometliing brought by Messrs. Dickinson, Burr, Pientfi 
Horton, Thomson, Boyd, Craighead, Elder, Zanchy, Black, Qillesme, Galht 
cart, Alison, Blair, Martin, Jamison, Andrews, Cross, Cowell, and Treat 

Messrs. Andrews, Thomson, Anderson, Gillespie, Dickinson, Pemberton, 
Robert Cross, Blair, Treat, Alison, Boyd, Martin, Gilbert Tennent, and Ab 
moderator, to be the commission of the Synod for the year ensuing, with eUv* 
if they have occasion to meet, and that any five of the ministers be a quoroRL 

It is reported that Mr. Francis McHenry, Mr. Samuel Cavin, and lb 
Samuel Thomson, were, after the usual trials, ordained since last Synod, ui 
that they did all of them adopt the Westminster Confession, &c. according ti 
the order of the Synod. 

Ordered, That an account of the fund be brought in before the Synod 
break up. 

The affair of Leacock deferred. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA* ^Q 

D leading over the minates of the laet year, the act about the previous 
candidates for the ministry, which has been the occasion of much de» 
the Synod, and protested against by some of the brethren, came under 
ration, upon which a paper was brought in and read, containing pro- 
br accommodating of the said unhappy debates. Which being new to 
od, they resolved, that in compliance with the desire oi several other 
8 of the Synod, as well as the protesting brethren, each of them should 
opy of the proposals to consider of till to-morrow morning. 
)ther act, relating to ministers preaching within the bounds of other 
sries than that to which he or they do belong, coming in course to be 
ed, the Synod agree to defer any debates about that matter till the pre- 
fiair be issued. 

reading that minute, concerning that debate between Messrs. Gilbert 
. and David Co well, and the judgment of the committee of the Synod 
Mr. Tennent seeming dissatisfied with the committee's management 
abate, requested that the thing might be considered by the Synod; 
ideration thereof was deferred, 
med till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 



w9/ three 6* clocks P.. M poal precea^ aedertmt qui ntpra,. 

linutes of the last sederunt ordered to be read., 
(fair of the fund continued, 
ffair of Leacock deferred.. 

ommission of the Synod did meet last year according to appointment,^ 
to conclude upon a method for prosecuting the overture respecting the 
a seminary of learning. The minutes of that proceeding were read, 
)ogh herein it is found, that they concluded upon calling the whole 
)gether as necessary in that affair; yet the war breaking out between 
and Spain, the calling of the Synod was omkted, and the whole affair 
5 for Aat time.* 



s o tnmi nion of the Synod met aecordingto appointment. 

Philadelphia, August 15th 1739. UH po9t preee$ sederunt, 
ir»: Measn. Jedidiah Andrews^ James Andenon, John Thomion, Adam Boyd, 
OM, James Martin, Richard Treat 
londents : Messrs. Cathoart, Alison, and Black. 

rs of the commission absent :. Messrs. Dickinson,. Pemberton, Gillespie, Pierson, 
Svans, Gilbert Tennent 

J, That the minutes of the Synod relating to our present, meeting be read, 
members of the commission who are now absent, beii^. expected this evening, 
ission without entering upon business, adjourned till to-morrow morning, at nine 
iks Concluded with prayer. 

IGth day, at nine of the dock. Post preees, sederunt qui supra, 

er with Messrs. David Evans and Jamison, correspondents, 
mberton sent a letter with Uie reasons of his absence, which were sustainedi. 
air of the overture brought in last Synod, that gave ooeasioQ for oar pnmt 
was taken under consideration, and after much reaaooing upon it, the commis- 
imoosly concluded to enter on said affair ; but previous to anv paitianUr step* 
n upon in order thereto, it was agreed to ask counsel of God bf appointiog.ooe 
amber to pray, which was done by appointing Mr. Evans to thatservice. Upon 
ey proceeded to inquire what they should do,, and because of the weight 
Lur in hand, they agreed to defer the main inquiriea till the aftemoon. But 
nary, thereto, do judge it to be the most reasonable and probable method to. 
h the good design of said overture, to apply to the several congregjUioos within 

13* 



150 MINUTBS OF TH& 

Upon reading over the minutes respecting the remit of the controveny h$ 
tween Mr. Gilbert Tennent and Mr. Cowell, Mr. Tennent moved for ' 
revising that affair, and that the papers might be read that concern that d( 
Which motion of Mr. Tennent's, after much debate about it« was put toi 
vote, whether it should be complied with or not, and it passed in the 
by a great majority. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with pra] 



80 dojff at nine o'clock^ A. M^ poatprtceSf aederwU ^ wprm 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. "^S 

The account of the fund not yet brought in. 

The affair between the Synod and the brethren dissatisfied with the act 
last Synod, which, according to order of yesterday, was to be brought w 
consideration this session, deferred till next sederunt. 

The affair of Leacock reassumed. Whereas a matter of controversy be*' 
tween the people of Leacock and Pequea, was appointed last Synod tote 

our bounds for their concurrence and awistonce in the affair, and that a letter of idiM 
be sent to the General Assemblj of the Church of Scotland for their assistance. Atafit^ 
ingly Mr. Andrews was appointed to draw up the said letter to the General AaseoHjf 
before mentioned, and Mr. Thomson to draw up the letter to our eongregatiooi,tBil 
brought in next sederunt. 
Adjourned to four o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Hora qumTtOf P. M. PoH pree§»^ sederunt qui tufn. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last wederunt bo read. 

Messrs. Andrews and Thomson^ brought in tho letters according to appointmenL 

The affair of the overture respecting the erecting a school of learning, reawnmed,ial 
the commission, after some further consideration of it, weighing the importance of tk 
matter, and considering the small number of members now present, together with theanf 
preparatory letters and instructions that are necessary for sueh an undertaking, as fi4| 
to Europe for assistance, according to the unanimous judgment of the Synod, will i* 
quire, they do now with one consent judge it most adrisable to defer doing any monii 
said affair at present, but leave it to tho consideration and determination of the wM 
Synod, and accordingly agree to call the Synod together, to meet at Philadelphia theU 
Wednesday of September next, and enjoin the members present to inform their respectiiv 
Presbyteries of this appointment; and that the moderator send letters to the PresbjteiM 
of New York and New-Brunswick, ordering their attendance at the time appointed. Ail 
the commission fbrther orders, that Messrs. Andrews, Cross, and Treat, do prepare wW 
addresses, letters, credentials, or other instruments may be proper against the meetiifs 
the Synod. And further, that a letter be remitted to Dr. Cdman, to be communiciM 
to our reverend brethren in Boston, earnestly desiring their concurrence and assistiaa 
in this affair, and that said letter be inclosed in one to Mr. Pemberton to be Ibrwardedbj 
him. Ordered, That the moderator preach at the opening of the Synod. 

An affair relating to the people of Pilesgrove and Deerfield, was, by the Presbytsfyi 
Philadelphia, referred to the decision of the commission; and the commission ham| 
heard the representatives of said people, pre and Mii^and having received what light lb 
Presbytery of Philadelphia could give in the said a£^r,tbey for sometime reaMmdH 
debated upon it, and at length camo to the following resdution : That inasmuch as l) 
inhabitants of Pilesgrove have long borne a burden, and met with great diacouragemoi 
in their endeavours to have the gospel settled amon^ them, though we cannot, howefij 
but lament that their house for publio worship, which they are about, is not to b6 rill 
ated more conveniently and to greater Mtisfaction of Deerfield ; yet since the reprasart 
tive from the congregation of Deerfield, and the representative of Pilesgrove, semned fr 
merly agreed, that without detriment to cither eongregation, the people of Pilesgvoi 
might build their house where they now are at work, and sinoe the Presbytery aceoct 
in^y encouraged them to build there, the commission unanimously agree to coofirm tfad 
sentence in Ikvour of Pilesgrove. Coocloded with prayer. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 151 

detemiiied by a eommittee, which by order of Synod, were to meet upon the 
fJKtf and all the members except two that were appointed, for reasons now 
jpok and sustained, failed of attending on said ajQfair, so that nothing was done 
miU and the people of Leacock yet thinking themselves aggrieved by the 
jjdmeat of the Presbytery of Donegall, they now moved the Synod to judge 
n that affair; and after reading some papers, and hearing all that was offered 
in the matter* the Synod unanimously judges as follows: That inasmuch as 
Lncock is a congregation by allowance of their own Presbytery, and the 
neeting-house erected and complained of is at as great a distance from those 
tf Fequfia as can conveniently accommodate them of Leacock, that, therefore, 
Ike new erection of Leacock shall stand, and said congregation be entitled to 
RppUes to said meeting-house from Donegall Presbytery equal to other vacan- 
cies within their bouncb. 
Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

^t three o^ clock, P. M. post prece$ sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The affair of the fund continued. 

T%e affair between the Synod and the brethren dissatisfied with the act last 
yeir, came under consideration, and the protesting brethren declaring their 
dJMatisfaction with the proposals for accommodation that were laid before 
km; the Synod therefore still desiring that that unhappy difference may 
be accommodated, recommended it to any brethren of the Synod to consider 
aoy farther expedient to that end, to be brought in the next sederunt. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

31 day, at nine o^ clock. A. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
Ilie affair of the fund continued. 

The affair between the Synod and the protesting brethren reassumed, and 
Vl overture was brought in by one of the brethren as an expedient to accom- 
iBodate the difference that has arisen and yet subsists on account of an act of 
hit year, and much discourse was had upon it. 

It was first agreed by all the members, the protesting brethren as well as 
odurs, that tlie Synod are proper judges of the qualifications of their own 
JOembers. But the protesting bre^ren thought the inserting that agreement 
into our. minutes unnecessary. 

The uncomfortable debate about the agreement of the Synod last year, to 
hng under the examination of the Synod, such persons as have had a private 
education in order to the sacred ministry, being reassumed, it was put to the 
vote whether the said agreement should be repeated or continued till some 
other expedient could be found tliat will answer the design of that agreement 
to the Synod's satisfaction, and it was voted that it shall contiirae at present. 

The protesting brethren renewing their former protest against the present 
proceeding, the following members joined with them in their protestation, viz : 
Messrs. John Cross, Alexander Craighead, Robert Cummins, John Henry, 
James Cockran, William Emmitt, James Miller, Richard Walker, James 
McKoyi Robert Matthews, Daniel Henderson, Joseph Steel, Hugh Lynn, 
G^eorge- Gillespie, and Alexander Hutchinson, desired their dissent might be 
snleiocia 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet at three o'clock this after- 
noon. 

Adjourned to ten o'clock or Monday morning. Concluded with prayer. 



152 MINC7TE8 OF THB 

Junt 8d| ai ttn o'dock^ ^^ M. pott preceM aedenmi qtd Mupru, i^ 

Ordered, That the minotes of the last sedenmt be read. 4 

The afTair of the fiind continued. - i 

An overture was brought in upon the two late acts in order to explain tbaMd 
which is as follows : The Synod having the last year, nemine contradicam 
come into an agreement, that no minister shall preach out of the bounds^ 
his Presbytery in any congregation, after his being warned by the 
tery, in whose bounds such congresation is, that his preaching there is a 
of division in the congregation, and that he is therefore to desist, which 
agreed to in order to prevent divisions in our congregations: But finding 
some of our brethren are now dissatisfied with mat agreement, and that 
wrong interpreted and misunderstood by many of our people, as th 

was calculated to prevent itinerant preaching: The Synod do now di 

that they never thought of opposing, but do heartily rejoice in the labomf 
the ministry in other places besides their own particular charge. And 
they may not give any umbrage to the contrary, they do now repeal 
agreement, and do agree that our ministers shall, in that respect, coniiBl 
themselves as though it had never been. And to obviate all raisrepresen 
that are tike to be made of our agreement the last year, to bring such 
dates of the ministry under the examination of the Synod, or the commifltf ^ 
of the Synod, as to their proficiency in human learning, who have hadifd*') 
vate education, the Synod declare, that they do not thereby call in qaeM 
the power of subordinate Presbyteries to ordain ministers, but only assert their, . 
own right to judge of the qualifications of their own members. And HtyooA : 
they do not deny but that such as are brought into the ministry contrary to tlw : 
agreement may be truly gospel ministers, yet inasmuch as they cannot bat 
think that agreement needuil to be insisted on in order to the well-beiog o^ 
this part of the Church of Christ, they cannot admit them when so broi^ 
into the ministry to be members of this Synod, until they submit to the sm 
agreement, though they do consent, that they be in all other respects treated 
and considered as ministers of the gospel, any thing that may be otherwise 
construed in any of our brmer proceedings, notwithstanding. 

Two expedients for peace were proposed to answer the end of the act for 
preserving learning by examination for candidates, which were taken under 
consideration till the next sederunt. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Jit three o^ clocks P. M. met according to appointment. Ubi post preca, 
sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The affair of the fund continued. 

The further consideration of the abovesaid overture deferred. There beii| 
two representations brought into the Synod by Mr. Blair and Mr. Gilbert 
Tennent, representing many defects in our ministry that are matter of great- 
est lamentation if chargeable upon our members: The Synod do therefivB 
solemnly admonish all the ministers within their bounds, seriously Co considsr. 
the weight of their charge^ and, as they will answer it at the great day of 
Christ, to take care to approve themselves to Grod, in the instances complained' 
of. And the Synod do recommend it to the several Presbyteries to take caie 
of their several ministers in these particulars. 

A supplication came into the Synod from the congregations of Tiunicum 
and Newtown respectively, desiring to be dismissed from the Presbytery of 



SYNOB OF PHILADELPHIA. 1:53; 

[ PlnUfllfihia, and to be joined to the Presbytery of New-Brunswick, snd it 
m readBy granted. 

idjomiied to the fourth Wednesday of May next, then to meet at Phila- 
dUpua j^ three o'dock, P. M. Concluded witii prayer.* 

1 

<Tlii0. Synod met according to appointment, 

Philadelphia, May the 27th, 1741. Ubi post preces sederunt^ 

Ministers, members of the Presbytery of New Castle: Messrs. George Gil- 
h^kti RobcnrtCathcart, Charles Tennent, Francis Alison, Alexander Hutch* 
iMB, Samuel Blair. Absent: Mr. Thomas Evans. 

rMemben of the Presbytery of Lewes, ministers present: Messrs. James 
• IntiB, and Robert Jamison. Absent : Messrs. Hugh Carlile, Patrick Glas- 
cnr, Hugh SteTenson. 

Freibytery of Philadelphia, ministers present: Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, 
Isbert Cross, Daniel Elmer, Francis McHenry, Richard Treat, William 
iMiient. 

New Brunswick Presbytery, ministers present: Messrs. Eleazer Wales, 
Gilbert Tennent, WiUiam Tennent Absent: Mr. John Cross. 

Honbers of Donegall Presbytery present: Messrs. John I'homson, Adam 
Bojrd, John Elder, Richard Zanchy, Samuel Cavin, Samuel Thomson, John 
Ciiig, Alexander Craighead, David Alexander. 

Ntw York Presbytery absent. 



* At A mMting of tlie oommissioa of the Synod, 

I June 3(f, 1740. Uhi post precet tedenini^ 

Mr. John Piereon Moderator of the Synod, Messrs. John Thomson, Robert Cross, 
Gwye Gillespie, and Jedidiah Andrews. 

Tm aocoant of the fond was bronght in ; and it appears before any dbbarsements 
■sis this y«ar, that there was as fbllows : 

£ «. d. 
Principal, . . . . 485 12 0} 

Interest due, - . - . 45 4 8^ 

Cash, - . . • . 32 10 10} 

Total, .... £563 7 7^ 

Ifamorandiiin : That a bond of Mr. Paul's deed of twelve pounds, which is no part of 
^tbore sum, was remitted to his widow. 
Grants from the fund by the Synod this year : 

£ 
To the Treasurer, . . . 6 

To the Janitor, . . . - 1 

To Mr. Glen, .... 5 

To Turkey, . .... 6 

A supplication was brought in by Abraham Scott and John Kirkpatriek, in the name 
rfa party at Nottingham, requesting tliat they might be dismissed from the Presbytery 
of Donefall, for reasons therein contained. The commission having considered the afikir, 
tboqfht fit to remit it to the consideration of the next Synod. 

Eepreaentatives from Norrington desired supplies, and the commission being desirous 
to do all they could for them, appointed Mr. Boyd to supply them once a quarter, and to 
00III6 to them the first time the 6r8t Sabbath of August ; Mr. Cowell once a quarter, be- 
staninff the first Sabbath of July; Mr. McHenry once a quarter, beginning the first 
aUtath of September ; and Mr. Black once a quarter, beginning the first Sabbath of 
Nevember. This to be done till next Synod. The ministers in town to help them as 
th^ can. 

A letter from Dr. Colman, of Boston, to the Synod was read, wherein he, in the name 
of the associated brethren there, assures the Synod of their readiness to concur with the 
Synod in their laudable proposal of erecting a school or seminary of learning in these 
parts. And it is ordered that Mr. Andrews write to the Doctor, and the said associated 
brethren on that head. 
Ordered, That five pounds and ten shillings be given on a pious design. 



«. 


d. 








10 





ou 





00 






254 MINUTES OF THC 

Elders present : John Richy, William McCollocfa, William Gny\ 
than Fithian, Robert Porter, John Swansey, James Can, Robert Mc" 
Francis Alexander, Abednego Thomas, Alexander McKnight, John ' 
John Ramsey, William McCrey, Robert Craig, Robert Rowland, Rii 
Walker. David Chambers. 

Mr. Pierson, the last year's moderator, not being present, Mr. 
opened the Synod with a sermon on Mar. ix. 24. 

Mr. Andrews chosen moderator, and Mr. Boyd clerk. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow morning. Condoded with 




28 day. At nine o'clock, niet according to appoiniment* Ubipoit 
sederunt qui supra. 

Objections being made against some members sitting in Synod, the 8j\ 
entered upon the consideration of that affair, and especially in reference to ' 
Craighead, and after much discourse* upon it, and a paper of Mr.. Ci 
being read, the Synod deferred the further consideration of that affair til < 
aflemoon. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'clock, P. M. post preces, sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last session should be read. ^ 

A supplication from Middle Octorara congregation containing chufBi 
against Mr. John Thomson, being presented and read, and after much ah 
course upon it, the Synod agreed mat Mr. Thomson have a copy of the aift 
supplication, and that his Presbytery shall, with all possible expedition, jiid('!l 
of that affair. *! 

The affair of Mr. Craighead reassumed. Mr. Craighead presented anou: 
paper, which was read, and afVer debating on that busmess, the Synod sgMZ 
that this and the former paper be perused by the Donegall Presbytery, in i^ 
der to prepare for trial against to-morrow in the afternoon. ]) 

Adjourned till to-morrow at nine o'clock. Concluded with prayer. 

29/A, at nine o'clock. Post preces^ sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Since our last meeting it pleased God in his providence to remore by dedu 
our dear brethren Mr. James Anderson, of the Presbytery of Donegal], ait 
Mr. Joseph Houston, of the Presbytery of New York. 

Mr. Samuel Thomson, Mr. Patrick Glascow, Mr. Alexander, and Mr. B•^ 
tram were absent last year, and having given or sent reasons of their absenoi^ 
are excused ; as also Mr. David Evans. 

Inasmuch as Mr. Stevenson has from time to time, and for years past, ne- 
glected attending on our judicatures, and also omitted his ministry willuH^^ 
giving us any reasons for his said conduct, it is therefore agreed, thai EiA 
name shall be struck out of our records, till he come before us and give an IP* 
count of his proceedings. 

Mr. Goold is removed out of the bounds of our Synod. 

The choosing a committee, and other business for the fund, deferred. 

Messrs. Hutchinson and Blair appointed to revise the Presbytery book d 
Philadelphia; Messrs. Martin and Jamison the Presbytery book of DonegalL 
The Presbytery books of New York, New Brunswick, New Castle, and 
Lewes, are not brought. 

Inquiry being made who had brought collections for the fund, it was (tiavi 
that there was something brought by Messrs. Gillespie, Blair, Jamison, kji 
drews, William Tennent, senior, Elder, Zanchy, and Samuel Thomson. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 155 

dt three o^chck^ P. M. according to appointment^ poet precee eederunt 
ftdemra. 

Ordered, Tmt the minutes of the last eederunt be read. 

The Presbytery of Done^ll, as appointed, begun their reply to Mr. Craig- 
lieid*8 paper m several particulars, but being late it*s deferred till to-morrow 
momiDg, at nine oVlock. Concluded with prayer. 

20 day. Jit nine o* clocks met according to appointment. Ubipoetpre- 
cett eederunt qui euprn. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The above affair continued, and a great deal of discourse maintained upon 
& The Synod defer the further consideration thereof. 

Adjourn^ till three o'clock, P. M. on Monday next. Concluded with 
ffiyer. 

June 1. M three o^ clock, P. M. Poet precee, eederunt qm^upra. 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
A protestation was brought in by Mr. Cross, read, and signed by several 
members, which is kept in reteniis.* 



* A Protestation presented to the Synod, Jane 1, 1741. 
Bmrend Fathers and Brethren, 

We, the ministers of Jesos Christ, and members nf the Synod of Philadelphia, being 
vmded and grieved at oar very hearts, at the dreadful divisions, distractions, and con* 
viiua, which all of a sadden have seized this infant church to such a decree, that an- 
km Re, wiio is King in Zion, do graciously and seasonably interpose for our relief^ she 
iibao small danger of expiring outright, and that quickly, as to the form, order, and 
mwtitotion, of an organized church, which hath subsisted for above these thirty years 
fM,iB aTei^ great degree of comely order and sweet harmony, until of late. We say, 
^beug deeply afflict^ with these things which lie heavy on our spirits, lind being sen- 
4k that it is oar indispensable duty to do what lies in our power, in a lawful way, ac- 
cording to the light and direction of the inspired oracles, to preserve this swooning church 
fiom a total expiration : And after the deliberate and unprejudiced inquiry into the causes 
€f these confusions which rage so among us, both ministers and people, we evidently see- 
ing, and being fully persuaded in our judgments, tliat, besides our misimprovemcnt of^ 
uA nafhtitfulness under, gospel Ight, liberty, and privileges, that great decay of practi- 
cil godliness in the life and power of it, and many abounding immoralities: we say, be- 
liiei these, oar sins, which we judge to be the meritorious cause of our present doleful 
tetotions, the awful judgment we at present groan under, we evidently see that our 
pnteiting brethren andf their adherents, were the direct and proper cause thereof, bv 
tbeir unwearied, unscriptural, antipresbytcrial, uncharitable, divisive prarcttccs, which 
1^7 have been parsuing, with all the industry they were capable ofy with any probabil- 
itf of soccess, for above these twelve months past especially, besides too much of the like 
pnctioes for some years before, though not with such barefaced arrogance and boldness. 
And being fully convinced in our judgments, that it is our duty to bear testimony 
sgainst these disorderly proceedings, according to our stations, capacity, and trust re- 
poied in as by oar exalted Lord, as watchmen on the walls of his Zion, we having en- 
detVQwured sincerely to seek counsel and direction from God, who hath promised to give 
wisdom to those that ask him in faith, yea, hatii promised his Holy Spirit to lead his peo- 
pie and servants into all truth, and being clearly convinced in oar consciences, that it is 
a duty called anto in this present juncture of affairs: 

Reverend Fathers and Brethren, we herebv humbly and solemnly protest, in the pre- 
tence of the great and eternal God, and his elect angels, as well as in the presence of all 
here present, and particularly to you. Reverend BreUiren, in our own names, and in the 
nmes of all, both ministers snd people, who shall adhere to as, as follows: 

1. We protest that it is the indispensable duty of this Synod, to maintain and stand by 
the principles of doctrine, worship, and government, of theCliarch of Christ, as the same 
lie cammed ap in the Confession of Faith, Catechisms, and Directory, composed by the 
VTeetinnister Assembly, as being agreeable to the word of God, and which thift Synod 
lisve owned, acknowleidged, and adopted, as may appear by our synodical records m the 
fears 1739, 1736, which we desire to be xead puhliclv. 
Sl We protest that no person, minister or elder, ahoold be allowed to sil and Tote in 



» 



156 MINUTES OF THB 

Upon this it was canvassed by the former protesting bretfareoy whether t 
or we were to be looked upon as the Synod. We maintained that they 
no right to sit whether they were the major or minor number. Then t 
motioned that we should examine this point, and that the major number ' 



this Synod, who hath not received, adopted, or subscribed, the said Confessions, C 
chiims, and Directory, as oar Presbyteries respective^ do, according to our last ezpl 
tioQ of the adopting act; or who is either accused or convicted, or may be convicted 
fore this Synod, or any of our Presbyteries, of holding or maintaining any doctrin 
who act and persist in any practice, contrary to any of those doctrines, or rules cost 
ed hi said Directory, or contrary to any of the known rights of Presbytery, or on 
made or agreed to by this Synod, and which stand yet unrepealed, unless, or imti 
renounce such doctrine, and being found guilty, ackoowledgo, confess, and profess 
sorrow for such sinful disorder, to the satisfaction of this Synod, or such inferior jud 
tory as the Synod shall appoint or empower for that purpose. 

3. We protest that all our protesting brethren have at present no right to sit and ' 
as members of this Synod, having forfeited their right of being accounted members t 
for many reasons, a few of which we shall mention afterwards. 

4. We protest that, if, notwithstanding of this our protestation, these brethren be all 
ed to sit and vote in this Synod, without giving suitable satisfaction to the Synod, and 
ticularly to us, who now enter this protestation, and those who adhere to us in it, 
whatsoever shall be done, voted, or transacted by them, contrary to our judgment, i 
be of no force or 'obligation to us, being done and acted by a judicatory consisting in ] 
of members who have no authority to act with us in ecclesiastical matters. 

5. We protest that, if, notwithstanding this our protestation, and contrary to the 1 
intent and meaning of it, those protesting brethren, and such as adhere to them, or i 

Crt and conntenance them in their antipresby terial practices, shall continue to act as 1 
ve done this last year, in that case we, and as many as have clearness to join with 
and' maintain the rights of this judicatory, shall be accounted in nowise disorderly, 
the true Presbyterian Church in this province; and they shall be looked upon as guih 
schism, and the breach of the rules of Presbyterial government, which Christ has et 
lished in his Church, which wc are ready at all times to demonstrate to the world. 

Reverend and dear Brethren, we beseech you to hear us with patience, while we 
before you as briefly as we can, some of the reasons that move us thus to protest, 
more particularly, why wc proteit against our protesting brcthren*s being allowed tc 
as members of this Synod. 

1. Their heterodox and anarohical principles expressed in their Apology, pages tv 
ty-eight and thirty-nine, where they expressly deny that Presbyteries have authorit 
oblige their dissenting members, and that Synods should go any further, in judgin 
appals or references, &c. than to give their best advice, which is plainly to divest 
officers and judicatories of Christ*s kingdom of all authority, (and plainly contradicts 
thirty-first article of our Confession of Faith, section three, which these brethren pre( 
to adopt,) agreeable to which is the whole superstructure of arguments which they 
Vance and maintain against not only our synodical acts, but also all authority to m 
any acts or orders that shall bind their dissenting members, throughout their wi 
Apolwy. 

S. Their protesting against the Synod's act in relation to the examination of ca 
dates, together with their proceeding to license and ordain men to the ministry of 
gospel, in opposition to, and in contempt of, said act of Synod. 

3. Their making irregular irruptions upon the congregations to which they have 
immediate relation, without order, concurrence, or allowance of the Presbyter ie 
ministers to which congregations belong, thereby sowing the seeds of division am 
people, and doing what they can to alienate and fUl their minds with unjust prejud 
•gsinst their lawfully called pastors. 

4. Their principles and practice of rash judging and condemning all who do not 
in with their measures, both ministers and people, as carnal, graceless, and enemie 
the work of God, and what not, as appears in Mr. Gilbert Tennent's sermon against 
converted ministers, and his and Mr. Blair's papers of May last, which were read in c 
Synod ; which rash judging has been the constant practice of our protesting breth 
and their irregular probationers, for above these twelve months past, in their disordt 
itinerations and pr«aching through our congregations, by which, (alas ! for it,) moe 
our congregations, through weakness and c^ulity, are so shattered and divided. 



?* 



SYNOD OP PHILADELPfflA, 157 

^ Synod. They were found to be the minor party, and upon this they 
rith^urew. After this the Synod proceeded to business. 

Overlured, That every member of this Synod, whether minister or elder. 
Id sincerely and heartily receive, own, acknowledge, or subscribe, the Wcst- 
ninater Confession of Faith, and Larger and Shorter Catechisms, as the con- 



haken in their principles, that few or none of as can say we enjoj the comfort, or have 
he w i c ceas among our people, which otherwise we might, and which we enjoyed hen* 



6, Their indostriooaly persuading people to believe that the call of God whereby he 
aOs men to the ministry, does not consist in their beinr regularly ordained and set apart 
o that work, according to the institution and rules of the word; but in some invisible 
DoCions and workings of the Spirit, which none can be conscious or sensible of but the 
Mnoo himself, and with respect to which he is liable to bo deceived, or play the hypo- 
vite. That the gospel preached in truth by unconverted ministers, can be of no savmg 
Moefit to souls; uul their pointing out such ministers, whom they condemn as graceless 
if their rash judging spirit, they effectually carry the point with the poor credulous peo- 
ple, who, in imitation of their ejiample, and under their patrociny, judge their ministers 
to be graceless, and forsake their ministers as hurtful rather than profitable. 

i. Their preaching the terrors of the law in such a manner and dialect as has no pre- 
sedeni in the word of God, but rather appears to be borrowed from a worse dialect; and 
10 industriously working on the passions and affections of weak minds, as to cause them 
\o cry out in a hideous manner, and fall down in convulsion-like fits, to the marring of 
the profiting both of themselves and others, who are so taken up in seeing and hearing 
these odd symptoms, Uiat they cannot attend to or bear what the preacher says; and 
then, after all, boasting of these things as the work of God, which we are persuaded do 
prooeod fi'om an inferior or worse cause. 

7. Their, or some of them, preaching and maintaining that all true converts are as 
certain of their gracious state as a person can be of what he knows by his outward senses; 
ind are able to give a narrative of the time and manner of their conversion, or else they 
conclude them to be in a natural or graceless state, and that a gracious person can judge 
of aiiolher*s gracious state otherwise than by his profession and life. That people are 
under no sacred tie or relation to their own pastors lawfully called, but may leave them 
when they please, and ought to go where they think they get most good. 

For these and many other reasons, we protest, before the Eternal God, his holy an- 
fds, and you, Reverend Brethren, and before all here present, that these brethren have 
BO right to be acknowledged as members of this judicatory of Christ, whose principles 
ind practices are so diametrically opposite to our doctrine, and principles of government 
ind order, which the great King of the Church hath laid down in his word. 

How absurd and monstrous must that union be, where one part of the members own 
themselves obliged, in conscience, to the judicial determinations of the whole, founded 
on the word of God, or else relinquish membership ; and another part declare, they are 
lot obliged and will not submit, unless the determination be according to their minds, 
uid Goosequently will submit to no rule, in making of which thev are in the negative. 

Again, how monstrously absurd is it, that they should so much as desire to join with 
IS, or we with them, as a judicatory, made up of authorit ative officers of Jesus Christ, 
vhile they openly condemn us wholesale; and, when they please, apply their condcmna- 
ory sentences to particular brethren by name, without judicial process, or proving them 
;uilty of heresy or immorality, and at the same time will not hold Christian communion 
rith them. 

Again, how absurd is the union, while some of the members of the same body, which 
naet once a year, and join as a judicatory of Christ, do all the rest of the year what they 
an, openly and above board, to persuade the people and fiocks of their brethren and fel- 
iw members, to separate from their own pastors, as graceless hypocrites, and yet they 
o not separate from them themselves, but join with them once every year, as members 
f the same judicatory of Christ, and oftencr, when Prcsbvterics are mixed. Is it not 
DOst unreasonable, stupid indolence in us, to join with such as are avowedly tearing us 
a pieces like beasts of prey 7 

Again, is not the continuance of union with our protesting brethren very absurd, when 
t is so notorious that both their doctrine and practice arc so directly contrary to the adopt- 
Dg act, whereby both they and we have adopted the Confession of Faith, Catechisms 
nd Directory, composed by the Westminster Assembly 7 

Finally, is not continuance of union absurd with those who would arrogate to them 

14 






|5g HINUTS8 OF THE 

fession of his faitht and the Directory, as far ae circumstances will allow 
admit in this infant church, for the rule of church order. Ordered, ~ 
every session do oblige their elders, at their admission, to do the same. 
was readily approve^ nemine conircuKcente, 

Ordered, That we proceed to read our last year's minutes* 

Messrs. Cross, Thomson, Martin, Alison, Cathcart, Boyd, and the 
rator, ministers; and Robert McKnight, William McCulloch, Robert 
land, and James Kerr, elders, appointed a committee for the fund, and 
other business the Synod shall recommend to them. 

Messrs. Thomson, Dickinson, Pemberton, Pierson, Robert Cross, 
Boyd, Martin, and the moderator, be the commission of the Synod for 
year ensuing, with elders, if they have occasion to meet, and that any fivi^ 
the ministers be a quorum. 

It is reported that Mr. John Craig was, after usual trials, ordained nBOlj 
last Synod, and that he subscribed the Westminster Confession of Faith, aB» 
cording to order of Synod. 

Ordered, That an account of the fund be brought in before the Synrf 
break up. j 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet to-morrow morning atci^i 
of the clock, to bring in the account of the fund. And the Synod to meeM|! 
ten o'clock. Concluded with prayer. -p 

sehes a rigrht and power to palm and obtrude members on our Synod, contrarf to W 
minds and judgment of the body ? ^ -^ 

In fine, a continued union, in our judgment, is most absurd and inconsisteDt, wbsn kvl 
so notorious, that our doctrine and principles of nhurch goTemment, in many poiDti,«ril 
not only diverse, but directly opposite. For how can two walk together, excqit tfaq^ }% 
agreed? 

Reverend Fathers and Brethren, these are a part, and but a part, of oar reasons iHkjr 
we protest as above, and which we have only hinted at, but have forborne to enlarge eli 
them, as we might, the matter and substance of them are so well known to yoo all, tfi 
the whole world about us, that we judged this hint sufficient at present, to deelare o^ 
serious and deliberate judgment in the matter ; and as we pro.'ess ourselves to be i%, 
solvedly against principles and practice of both anarchy and schism, so we hope A4 
God, whom wc desire to serve and obey, the Lord Jesus Christ, whose ministers we ini 
will both direct and enable us to conduct ourselves, in these trying times, so as mrcaaf- 
sciences shall not reproach us as long as we live. Let God arise, and let his enemiaiti 
scattered, and let them that hate him fly before him, but let the righteous be glad, JN, 
let them exceedingly rejoice. And may the Spirit of life and comfort revive and coimbll 
this poor swooning and fainting church, quicken her to spiritual life, and restore her Is 
the exercise of true charity, peace, and order. 

Although we can freely, and from the bottom of our hearts, justify the Divine fn- 
ceedingfs against us, in suffering us to full into these confusions for our sins, and partiCQ< 
larly for the great decay of the life and power of godliness among all ranks, both minis- 
ters and people, yet we think it to be our present duty to bear testimony against thai 
prevailing disorders, judging that to give way to the breaking down the hedge of disei 
plinc and government from about CbriKt*s vineyard, is far from being the proper methd 
of causing his tender plants to grow in grace and fruitfulness. 

As it is our duty in our station, without delay, to set about a reformation of the evU 
whereby we have provoked God against ourselves, so we judge the strict obsenratiflo 
his laws of government and order, and not the breaking of them, to be one neoessu] 
mean and method of this necessary and much to be desired reformation. And wedaab 
not, but when our God sees us duly humbled and penitent for our sins, he wxH yet reton 
to us in mercy, and cause us to flourish in spiritual life, love, unity, and order, tboogl 
perhaps wo may not live to see it, yet this testimony that we now bear, may be of som 
good use to our children yet unborn, when God shall arise and have mercy of ZtoD. 
Ministers: Robert Cross, John Thomson, Francis Alison, Robert Cathcart, Richar 

Zanchy, John Elder, Jolm Oaig, Samuel Caven, Samuel Thomson, Adajn Bqyi 

James Martin, Kobert Jamison. 
Elders: Robert Porter, Robert McKnight, William McCulloch, John McEwd 

Robert Rowland, Robert Craig, James Kerr, Alexander MSKnigbt 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 15^ 

^d dojf. Jh ten o'clock^ accorimg to appointment. Poit preceif $ederunt 
fiR fttpro. 

I9 That the minntes of the last sederunt be read. 

committee for the fund met, and overtured, that pursuant to the mp- 

of the undertakers of the meeting-house at Wilmington, viz: Capt. 

and Capt Hutchinson, representing the difficulties that attend de- 

I die charges of that meeting-house, the sum often pounds be given out 

ifand for the aforesaid use, and tliat the Synod lend to said use upon 

It security, the sum of thirty pounds, if said sum can be had next fall, 

interest for three years, ana that the same be repaid at ten pounds a 

And in case no money come into the Synod's fund, that the Synod 

io pay the interest of fifty pounds for five years if required. 

£ i. d. 
To the Treasurer, - - - 6 00 
To the Janitor, - - - - 1 10 
To Mm. Glen, - - - 3 00 ' 

To Mrs. Paul, - - - - 1 00 
^ W hich overture was read and approved. 
Mflie Synod taking to their serious consideration, that God's judgments arc 
niid in the earth, and that the war in which we are engaged, the threatening 
pfMhy of grain by the discouraging prospect of our crops, and the mournful, 
loly divisions among us, who profess to be the followers of the Prince 
do loudly call for it, that we should keep a day of humiliation, fast- 
(« and prayer, to implore the merciful and compassionate regard of our good 
~ in tnew difficulties, and that it be left to each Presbytery to appoint the 
M h win best suit within their respective bounds. Agreed nemxne eon- 



I, Tliat Messrs. Thomson, Thomas Evans, and Alison, defend the 

in print if need be. 
1, That Mr. Thomson supply at Norrinffton the first Snbbalh of 
Mr. Andrews the first Sabbath of July, Mr. Boyd the first Sabbath of 
Mr. Cross the first Sabbath of September, Mr. Alison the first Sab- 
ofOclober, Mr. Elder the first Sabbath of November, Mr. McHenry the 
Ifiilibadi of December, Mr. Zanchy the first Sabbath of March, Mr. An- 
Ae lint Sabbath of April, and Mr. Cross the first Sabbath of May. 
^iljl|onnied to the fourth Wednesday of May next, then to meet at Philadel- 
iJM^ «t three oVlock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

ITm Synod met at Philadelphia, according to appointment. 

May 26/A, 1742. Ubipost preeea sederunt^ 

: Hew Tofk Presbytery : Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, Ebenezer Pember- 
tH^ John Piereon, John Nutman, Simon Horton, Silas Leonard, Azariah 
KlBii. Absent: Messrs. Walter Wilmot, Aaron Burr, Nathaniel Hubbel, 
inae Chdker, Samuel Pumry. 

^ Dl0liim»n Presbytery: Messrs. John Thomson, Adam Boyd, Richard S^an- 
^f Bunnel Caven, Samuel Black, Samuel Thomson, Alexander McDowell. 
minU Mesfrs. WiUiam Bertram, John Elder, John Craig. 

^ew Casde Presbytery : Messrs. Robert Cathcart, Francis Alison. Ab- 
4Mt: MeMTS. Thomas Evans, Hugh Conn, and John Orme. 
Lbww Presbytery. Absent: Messrs. James Martin, Robert Jamison, 

Aiiaddphia Presbytery: Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Robert Cross, David 
BfUiy Daniel Ebner, David CoweU» Francis McHenry, John Guild, Samuel 



X0O MINUTES OP THB 

Elders: Messrs. Dayid Whitat, Nathanid Hasaid, John Bdl, TiamAy 

Whittit, John Hally, Andrew Gray, Thomas Hope, Walter Camth, Oeoigit 
Davison, James McTire, William Lindsay, Samuel Steel, William Gntfi 
John Cross, Jonathan Fithian, Samuel Hart, David Griffith, Thomas Stid* 
more. 

Mr. Dickinson chosen moderator, and Mr. Alison clerk. 

Mr. Andrews, the last year's moderator, opened the Synod with a aenpfl|. 
on 2 Cor. iv. 5. 

Ordered, That our last year's minutes be read. 

The absence of New York Presbytery last year, considered, and the «* 
cuses of some of the members sustained. 

Since our last it hath pleased God, to remove by death, the Rev. Mr. Heanr 
Hook, of the Presbytery of Lewes. ■' 

Ordained since our last, Mr. Azariah Horton, missionary for the Indians, il^^ 
the Presbytery of New York ; Mr. John Guild and Mr. Samuel Evans, ir 
the Presbytery of Philadelphia; and Mr. Alexander McDowell in the Pref*^. 
bytery of Donegall. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

May 27th at nine o^ clock, met, and post preces sederunt, qui supra* 
Upon a motion made by the moderator, that our Synod should hold a ooa- 
ference with the Brunswick brethren that they rejected last year, in order 10 
accommodate the difference and make up that unhappy breach, it is agreed 
that Messrs. Dickinson, Pemberton, Pierson, Cross, Andrews, ThomsoHf 
Cathcart, David Evans, and Alison, meet with these brethren, and try 9& 
methods consistent with gospel truth, to prepare the way for healing the saii 
breach. Agreed that the conference be held at the usual place of the Synod'i 
meeting, at three in the afternoon, and that the Synod adjourn till nine o'clock, 
to-morrow morning. 

2Sth day at nine o^ clock, post preces sederutit qui 9upra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Ordered, That the Synod be resolved into an interloquitur of ministers and 
elders, to manage the conference with the ejected brethren, who are allowed, 
if they see cause, to bring with them the ministers that they ordained, that 
were never allowed to be ministers of this Synod, and all their respective 
elders. 

After a great deal of time spent to no purpose, the interloquitur found that 
all attempts for a coalition were vain and fruidess, and therefore it is agreed to 
adjourn till three o'clock, afternoon. Concluded with prayer. 

w^ three 6* dock, P, M. Post preces sederunt qui 9upra* 
Mr. Robert Jamison is now present and his absence excused. 
The Synod entered upon the affair complained of by the ejected members, 
and the question put for the managing said affair was, who should be the 
judges of the case? The ejected members would submit the business to the 
consideration of none as judges, but such as had not signed the protest last 
year. And the protesting brethren answered to the point: That they, with 
the members that had adhered to them, after ejecting said members, were the 
Synod, and acted as such in the rejection, and in so doing they only oast out 
such members as they judged had rendered themselves unworthy of member- 
ship, by openly maintaining and practising things subversive of their constitu- 
tion, and therefore would not be called to account by absent members, or by 
any judicature on earth, but were willing to give the reasons of their conduct 
to their absent brethren, and to the public to consider or review it. 



be l^ntodi miniiten and eldani meat il niee in tbe moniiDg 

emi o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

11 o'^ck, A. M. met iibi poMt precei, lederunt gut tupra. 

lie minutes of the last tedenmt be read. 

r having entered upon some business without coming to s 

nod is adjourned till Monday morning at ten of the clock. 

'dock, met aeeording to t^>pointment. Ubi pott prteei, 
tiaupra. 

leaan. Andrews, CnMs, Pemberton, Pierson, Thomson, 
icart, Samuel Evans, McHeniy, Alison, and the moderator, 
the fund, and the commisfion of the Synod for the follow- 
HTs. Gray, John Steel, Hazard, and William Linsey, be 
d committee in the affair of the fund, and that the ministeis 
have elders with them if they have occasion to meet, 
iven in by some members of our Synod, which is as fol- 

Synod now aitdng in Philadelphia: We the subecribers, 
the name of all that shall see meet to join with ua, look 
iged ill the moat public manner, to declare our opinions 

division made in our Synod the last year, by a protest that 
r several of our members. 

re against the excluding the Presbytery of New-Bninswick 
I, from the communion of the Synod by a protest, without 
ions trial, as an illegal and unprecedented procedure, con- 
f Ihe gospel and subversiTe of our excellent consdtution. 
leclare and protest against the conduct of our brethren, the 
n, in refusing to have the legality of their said protest tried 
lod. 

erefore declare and protest, that these memben of the New- 
rtery, and their adherents, that were excluded by the last 
to be owned and esteemed as members of this Synod, until 
by a regular and impartial process against them, according 
scribed in sacred Scripture, and practised by the churches 
1 persuasion. 

HTOtest a^nst all passages in any of the pamphlets which 
iblished m these parts, which seem to reflect upon the work 
id grace, which has been canying on in so wonderful a 
f our congregations, and declare to all the world, that we 
B the indispensable duty of all our ministers to encourage 

with their mo«t faithful and diligent endeavours. And in 
roteat and declare against all divisive and irregular methods 
trhich the peace and good order of our churches have been 

ir duty to God, and our regard to the peaee and prosperity 
e tu to protest and dedaie, and we desire it may be recorded 
Ifae Synod in ptrpttuam m manorimn. 

JoNATBAIf DlCKISSON, AZARIAK HoRTON, 

John FniBeoN, Nathaniel Hazarb, 

EbENKZER pEHBUnOM, DAVm WHrTSHBAS, 

Shun Hobtok, Silas Leonard, 

Dahir. Elmeb» TnoTHT Whituup. 

I%S9. 174%. 



102 MlNUTfiS OF THE 

[This is in the first article praiiBtatio contra faeium; for they were exclndi 

by a vote of the Synod if they refused to give satisfaction for the points con 
plained of, and upon this they withdrew. 3 

I, the subscriber, do hereby desire, that it may be inserted in the Synod 
minute book, that I judge it an open infringement on the rights of society, « 
particularly on our rights as Presbyterians, for any absent members to pretei 
to a right to call the body to an account, and judge of the legality of procee 
ings in acts, resolutions, and conclusions made in their absence. Thou^ 
firmly believe that it is the duty of such a body to submit such resolutions si 
conclusions to a review of the next Synod; and though 1 look on it as gWii 
up some of our rights, yet it is my earnest desire, and what I insist on, th 
the merits of the cause for which last year's Synod excluded the Brunswic 
brethren and adherents, be fairly tried by this present Synod, in order to mao 
fest the justness of said proceedings. 

Francis Alison. 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May, at three o'clock, aftemooi 
and then to meet at Philadelphia. Concluded with prayer.* 

The Synod met at Philadelphia^ aceording to appointment. 

May 25/A, 1743. Ubi post preces sederunt, 

Ministers of New York Presbytery : Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, Ebcn 
zer Pemberton, John Pierson, Aaron Burr, John Nutman. Absent: Messr 
Walter Wilmot, Nathaniel Hubbel, Silas Leonard, Azariah Horton, Simc 
Horton, Samuel Pumry. 

New Castle Presbytery: Messrs. Robert Cathcart, Francis Alison, Robe 
Jamison. Absent: Messrs. Hugh Conn, John Orme, and Hugh Stevenso 

Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. John Thomson, Adam Boyd, Samuel Blac 
John Elder, Ridiard Zanchy» Samuel Caven, Alexander McDowell, HamilU 



* The commission of the Synod met atfbmr in the afternoon. 

Upon a Bttpplication of th» people of Apoquinimj, to be joined to the Presbytery 
New Castle, and Mr. Jamison representing that their Presbytery was so weak that th 
could, not meet upon business, it was agreed that the Presbytery of Lewes do join w 
that of New Castle. 

The Presbytery of New Castle having applied for advice to the Synods with relation 
Mr. John Steel, a probationer from Ireland, who offered himself to our care as a can 
date for the sacred work of the ministry, but was under some difficulty with relation 
a marriage promise claimed by a young woman in Ireland, as his testimonials set for 
and by reason of some steps taken by nim in his marriage in this country : The oo 
mission finding in all things^ that his conduct at home and in this country, has been f 
and unblameable, those things excepted, do advise the Presbytery of New Castle to de 
taking him on trials till December next. And in the mean time, desire that both i 
young man and the Presbytery, write to the Presbytery of London-Derry, in Ireland, 
see if any further light may be obtained in said affair. 

Upon the supplication of several of the back inhabitants of Virginia, desiring that i 
commission of the Synod would draw up a supplication to be sent to the General Aase 
bly in Scotland or their commission, begging the favour that they may send over a p 
bationer or minister, that they think suitably qualified for that place, to take the paste 
charge of said people. It is agreed that Messrs. Andrews and Cross write to them by i 
first suitable opportunity. 

The Synod having given orders last year to some of their number, to answer such tk 
tings as might be needful to set the present debate in a true light ; notwitlistanding 
think it is the Synod's business to see the Plrinter*iB accounts cleared, yet the commissi 
recommend it earnestly to every Presbyteiy, and to every person, to be careful to bri 
in the price of the hooks disposed of in their bounds or by themselves, in order to defi 
said expense, before they proceed to contribute any thing further out of the fund. 

Concluded with prayer. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 1^3 

Beilt Mm Hindman. Absent: Memrt. William Bertram, Samuel Thomaon, 
John Ciaiff. 

Philade^hia Presbytery : Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Robert Cross, Daniel 
Sbaer, David Cowell, Francis McHenry, and Samuel Evans. Absent: 
Messis. David Evans and John Guild. 

EUers: Messrs. Alexander Walker, James Donnel, Matthew Atchinson, 
finiel Henderson, George Davison, William Stevenson, John McEwen, 
irfior Patterson, William Gray, John Ogden, Samuel Hart, and David 
Gnffith. 

.Mr. Dickinson, the last year's moderator, opened the Synod with a sermon 
fla 1 Cor. L 10. 
. lfr« David Cowell chosen moderator, and Mr. Alison clerk. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

26 day at ten o^clock, post precea sederunt qtd supra, 

Messrs. Leonard and the Hortons' absence excused. Mr. Chalker is re- 
moYcd out of our hounds. 
Mr. Hugh Stevenson absent. This affair to be considered. 
Messrs. Thomas Evans and James Martin, of the Presbytery of New Cas- 
tle, removed by death since our last, and likewise Mr. Joel Evans, proba- 
Uooer. 

Since our last, Mr. Bell and Mr. Hindman> were ordained by the Presby- 
tBiT oT DonegaU. 

Messrs. Bertram, Samuel Thomson, and Craig, are excused for their ab- 
>eDce. Mr. David Evans excused for his absence. 

A paper being brought in by Thomas Cookson, Esq. one of his majesty's 
justices, for the county of Lancaster, in the name of the Governor, to bo laid 
before and considered by us, the Synod agrees to defbr all other business, and 
set aside the common methods of their proceeding, to consider it, and orders 
it to be read. The above mentioned paper, with an affidavit concerning it, 
being read in open Synod, it was unanimously agreed : That it is full of trea- 
son, sedition,, and distraction, and grievous perverting of the sacred oracles to 
the ruin of all societies and civil government, and directly and diametrically 
opposite to our religious principles, as we have on all occasions openly and 
pobhcly declared to the world ; and we hereby unanimously, with the greatest 
sincerity, declare that we detest this paper, and with it all principles and prac- 
tices that tend to destroy the civil or religious rights of maiikind, or to foment 
or encourage sedition or dissatisfaction with the civil government that we are 
now under, or rebellion, treason, or any thing that is disloyal. And if Mr. 
Alexander Craighead be the author we know nothing of the matter. And we 
hereby declare, that he hath been no member of our society for some time 
paat, nor do we acknowledge him as such, though we cannot but heartily 
lament that any man that was ever called a Presbyterian, should be guilty of 
what is in this paper. And we order, that a committee be appointed to diraw 
np an address to the governor on this occasion, and that the committee be 
Messrs. Dickinson, Pemberton, Alison, and the moderator, and bring it into 
the Synod fbr approbation. 
Adjourned till four o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At four 6* clock, P, M, met ubi post preces, sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Mr. Stevenson's afl^r deferred. 

The address was brought in and approved. Ordered, That the ministers 



« 164 MINUTES OF THB 

of the SjBod wait on the govenior and prasent thii addieM» together with a 
copy of our minute with relation to this affair. ,* 

Ordered, That ^e minutes of our last year's Synod be read. 

Mr. Elder's absence last year is excused. 

Mr. Jones was ordained by the New York Presbytery since our last >; 

Ordered, That Messrs. Andrews, Cross, Dickinson, Pemberton, Piersoni 
Thomson, Boyd, Cathcart, Samuel Evans, McHenry, Alison, and the modi^^ 
rator, be a committee for the fund, and the commission of the Synod for dH), jj 
fc^owing year; and that William Gray, Arthur Patterson, and James DonnelrH i 
be joined with the said committee in the affair of the fund: and that the mi-^'. ] 
nisters of the commission shall endeavour to bring elders with them if ihsft] \ 
have occasion to meet, and that six of them with the moderator, shall bean 
quorum. . , ' - 

Ordered, That Mr. McDowell and Mr. Bell revise the Presbytery Book of I 
Philadelphia. And that all our Presbyteries punctually bring their books, • 
having all neglected to do so, Philadelphia Presbytery only excepted. v 

Inquiry being made who had this year brought money to the fund, it wis 
found that Mr. Alison, Mr. Bell, Messrs. Andrews and Cross, and Mr. Cowell,. 
had brought something. 

Adjourned till ten o clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer* . 

27lh day^ at ten 6* clocks A. M, Post precesj sederunt qui supra, ., 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The affair of Hugh Stevenson was taken under consideration, upon wiochi 
the Synod came into the following resolution : The Presbytery of New Css*' 
tie having suspended Mr. Stevenson on account of some scandals alleged" 
against him, and his neglecting to appear before them to vindicate hinuielf» 
notwithstanding he was called upon to do it, and having referred the further 
consideration of this affair to the Synod, the Synod having considered their 
reference, do look upon the conduct of the New Castle Presbytery as regular, 
and continue Mr. Stevenson under suspension till he shall be Presbyterially 
cleared from these scandals alleged against him, and desire the New Castle 
Presbytery to take the first opportunity they conveniently can, to inquire into 
Mr. Stevenson's conduct, in order to a final determination. 

Adjourned till four o'clock. Concluded with prayer. 

At four o'* clock J P, M. Postpreces, sederunt qui stqira. 
Ordered, lliat the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
Some papers were given in to the Synod from some of the congregation at 
Abington. The consideration of them deferred. 
Adjourned till to-morrow morning at ten o'clock. Concluded with prayer. 

2^thday, At ten o^ clock, A. M, Post preces, sederunt qui supra. 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
Ordered, That the Abington papers be read ; and the persons that brought 
them were referred back to their own Presbytery of Philadelphia. 

Adjourned tiH ten o'clock on Monday morning. Concluded widi prayer. 

On Monday morning the meeting of the Synod was deferred till four o'clock, 
P. M., that some proposals of peace and agreement might be prepared and 
sent to the Brunswick Presbytery. 

30 day. Met at four o'clock, P. M. Ubi post preces, sederunt qui 

supra. 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 105 

rertnre was brought by the Presbytery of New York, which was or- 
be read, and was as followeth, viz. 

At a Presbytery coBvened at Newark, May 15, 1743. 
verture from the Presbytery of New York, to be proposed to the 
if Philadelphia, at their next meeting. 

Presbytery taking into consideration the melancholy divisions that 
late obtained in the Synod, to the great dishonour of God, the scan- 
ir holy profession, the prejudice of our religious interests, and the too 
couragement of those dangerous errors and delusions which are making 
)rogre8s among us ; think it our duty to contribute all we can towards 
these breaches, and promoting the unity of the Spirit in the bonds of 
nd do therefore propose : 

lat inasmuch as the Presbytery cannot see how the excluding the 
ery of New Brunswick, and those other ministers that join with them 
3testation, without a particular hearing, and deliberate vote of the 
formed upon such a distinct hearing of the ease, • can be agreeable to 
s of Christ, or any rules of discipline that have ever been known 
iny churches of our profession : We therefore propose that the said 
don be withdrawn, and those members peaceably take their place in 
3d as formerly. 

hercas it is of greatest necessity that the education of our candidates 
ninistry be well regulated, and that our former difference upon that 
be healed, we propose that all such, who for the future shall be pri- 
ducated with a design for improvement in the ministry of the gospel, 
)mit to the former agreement of the Synod in that case, or else sent to 
le colleges in New England, and accept of such a station there as 
found qualified for, and that they continue there at least one year and 
leir degree of bachelor of arts. And in case there should be any pious 
nising youths that are privately educated for the ministry, who can- 
bear the charge of continuing so long at the college, they shall, upon 
mendation of their respective Presbyteries, and the approbation of the 
ar commission of the Synod, have such allowances from the Synod 
support at the college as the Synod or their commission shall think 
and so much of the income of the fund as is sufficient, shall be appro- 

that purpose. 

hercas there have been differences among us with respect to itinerant 
ig, with the consequences of it, we propose that there be an united 
nt of the Synod, that all our pulpits be open to those ministers that 
ir communion, and we unanimously resolve to invite each other to 
a our respective parishes as occasion offers. And for any minister to 
lother minister the use of his pulpit when regularly applied to, and to 
in that refusal from time to time, shall be looked upon as an unbro- 
ractice, tending to division and separation among us. Provided al- 
lat the minister refusing his pulpit as aforesaid, has not such reason 
Duduct as shall be approved by the Presbytery, or Synod, or commis- 
he Synod. And that there may be no schism or confusions main- 

1 our congregations, it be proposed that all our ministers shall be ob- 
at they will not for the future promote or encourage any divisions or 
ms, neither by setting up separate meetings in any of our conglrega- 
•r by any methods whatsoever endeavouring to alienate the affections 
?ople from their minister ; but that every one of us shall do what we 
msi one another, and strengthen each other*s hands in the work of 
I. And every contravention of this article shall be looked upon as just 
f censure either by Presbytery or Synod. 

is also propo9ed tbat^ if ^ny of our mipiaters either really have or svp- 



165 MINUTES OF THB 

pose they have just matter of complaint against any of their bndiNB in Aft 
ministry within our bounds, wiih respect either to his doctrine, mmotitM 
preaching, diligence in his discharge of the more public or private parts of Uft 
ministerial duties, or with respect to his conduct or conversation^ suoh minin 
ter shall first in a kind, tender, and affectionate manner, particolaiiy mtki 
known the matter of his complaint to such of his brethren in a private CMd 
ference. And if these endeavours fail of desired success, he shall put into kii 
hands a written copy of liis complaints, with a citation to answer tnem briiM 
his Presbytery, or before the Synod, or commission of the Synod, as the tmH 
plainant shall think fit. -n 

5. It is also proposed, that all former matters of difiference and debate iaAk 
Synod, be now entirely buried in oblivion, and that each minister of the 8;^ 
do from this time treat one another with the same intimate love, kindness, i 
respect, as if such differences had never been. This article Jiot being to 
imderstood as excluding any of our ministers from reasoning either publicly « 
privately in a brotlierly, or a Christian manner, against any point of doeUiii 
which they suppose erroneous or dangerous. (b 

6. The Presbytery considering the absolute necessity of union and gosi 
agreement in a religious society, since a kingdom divided against itself cuoMl 
stand, do earnestly pray, that this or some other plan of accommodation bt 
come into at this meeting of the Synod. But if our hopes in that matter shodd 

Srove abortive, and no methods can be obtained, it is proposed that this Synol 
o unitedly agree that another Synod be erected, by the name of the Svnod 
of New York, and that any of our members sluJl have liberty to join tMK 
setres to which of the two Synods they shall think fit; and in order to O0t^ 
communion one with another, and to consult the general interest of r oU g i st 
in these parts, it is proposed that there be two correspondents sent yeailf 
from each Synod to the other. 

Ebenszbr Pembbrton, Moderator. 
These inserted in the next year's minutes. 

Some remarks upon the above overture were rea^ ; and after some const* 
deration, it was put to vote, whether this overture was to be accepted as a pin 
of accommodation or not, and it was unanimously voted in the negative. 

A paper was upon this given in by Mr. Jonathan Dickinson, in his own 
name, and in the names of Messrs. Ebenezer Pemberton, John Pierson, and 
Aaron Burr, having previously declared that they complain of no unfriendly 
or unbrotherly treatment from the Synod with relation to themselves, but 
that their conduct in this affair may be liable to misrepresentations, which 
said paper is as follows : 

As I look upon myself to be a member of the Synod of Philadelphia, and 
have a continued right to sit and act in the same as such, so I look upon the 
New Brunswick Presbytery, and those other brethren that adhere to them, 
and are therefore shut out of the Synod on that account, to be truly members 
of this Synod as myself, or any others whatsoever, and have a just claim to 
sit and act with us. I cannot, therefore, at present see my way clear to sit 
and act as though we were the Synod of Philadelphia, while the New Bruns- 
wick Presbytery, and the other members with them, are kept out of the 
Synod in the manner they now are. 

A proposal of agreement and union between us and the brethren of New 
Brunswick was sent to those brethren by Mr. Aaron Burr, which is as fol- 
loweth, viz. 

Proposals made to the New Brunswick brethren, in order to their being 
admitted to take their places in the Synod, upon a Scripture foundation. 

Forasmuch as we are informed that the New Brunswick brethren are will- 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 167 

■M^Hid da www i of Teconciliation and union with the Synod, and to know on 
^mit temui this may be obtained: That the said brethren may be fully per- 
floaded that we have no delight in division for its own sake, but on the con- 
tmy, are sincerely desirous of union and peace upon just and reasonable 
so that upon our cordial agreement there be a foundation laid, that, 



[ Ihroagfa God*8 blessing, may prevent the havock and destruction of the church 
Aveatened by our common enemies. Therefore we propose : 

L That as they desire to be received and treated as members of our Synod 
Aey will submit to the determinations and conclusions of our judicatures, 
flien in those cases wherein tiiey arc negatives in giving their votes, and so 
dbw a determination to be by the majority, or else no longer plead a right 
efanembership; and that they renounce their principles delivered in their 
ifology, especially that whereby they declare that Presbyteries and S^^ods 
knra no right to make any agreements, or come to any determinations by 
Wies that shall bind any members who do not give their consent to those con- 
dariona or determinations. For without this recantation they can never be 
Bembers of this Synod, seeing they put in a claim for arbitrary power to des- 
my and overturn all our agreements, and to despise and disregard our cen- 
as they have already professedly done, in licensing and ordaining so 
men for the work of the ministry. 

5. If they profess they will use all endeavours to secure a learned minis- 
^t we desire that they testify this by desisting from licensing or ordaining 
nen for the work of the ministry, who have not complied with the Synod's 
tgveement, or the alternative proposed in the last yearns conference with these 
Iwtfaren, and that they give up all those persons that they have heretofore 
lieuiBed or ordained in opposition to our public agreement, to be examined 
■d tried by the Synod whether they have suitable ministerial qualifications, 
or that they will not maintain ministerial communion with any of them for 
tlie fbture, who refuse to be examined by the Synod, or who, upon examina- 
tion, are found deficient, until they give suitable satisfaction. 

3. That for the future they will desist from either acting or preaching, or 
aaading their missionaries within the bounds of our Presbyteries, or fixed pas- 
ai tnl charges as heretofore; that they will not encourage new separate socie- 
I ties in congregations as heretofore, nor supply with preaching tlie societies 
^f they have made or occasioned, among the people under our care, but declare 
i:j that all such practices are of pernicious tendency, and inconsistent with the 
'. I Presbyterian plan. 

J 4. That they will not publicly nor privately, endeavour to diminish the 
I character of any minister as graceless, unconverted, or unworthy of his office, 
I until he be tried by a proper judicature and censured; and that they claim no 
right to judge of men's spiritual estates towards God, so as to determine whe- 
ther they be gracious or graceless, if sound in the faith, and of a gospel life 
and conversation, and that they condemn all such practices. 

6. That they renounce all such tenets or doctrines that have been advanced 
in Mr. Tennent's Nottingham sermon, which are contrary to our Presbyterian 
plan and subversive of gospel order, and a floodgate to let in divisions and dis- 
otdera into the church, such as an allowance to church members to guess at 
the spiritual state of their pastors, and upon this guess, without further trial, 
to leave them as graceless and unconverted; their asserting an inward call to 
the miQifltry, in opposition and cx)ntradiction to the outward call, or ordain- 
ing to the gospel ministry, and all who maintain them can be no membera of 
a Pre8b3rterian society or church, because they take all government out of the 
handa of a Synod or Presbytery, and give it to any person that hath ignorance 
and impudence enough to bring God*s house into confusion. 

6. That they acknowledge that too many of them have been guilty in ^ 



168 MINUTJBB OF THB 

these points, and that notwithstanding whatever zeal and mtentUNi to aditsa 
a work of grace they might hxve been influenced by, yet now they aw aril 
vinced that these practices have had a dreadful tendency to promote ttid apnii 
the divisions and confusions that perplex and disturb this church. \\t' 

7. We propose that, if they have any ground of complaint against mfrd 
our members, with respect to their doctrine, their conversation, or diiigflM 
in the ministry, that they shall be welcome to table the charge against ibm 
m a proper judicatory, whether they comply with these terms or not; «l 
that, if they satisfy us in these points, and accept their seats in our Synodyitf 
other grounds of complaint shall be removed, either by puUic trial, or muk 
other method as they and we in conjunction shall determine, and wiU-M 
promote the glory of God, and the good of his church. And we deolaieliiit 
if all or any of these brethren accept these terms, or any other that we «i 
they can devise or come to, that will lay a foundation to secure these ial|(l^ 
tant rights of societies, a learned and pious ministry, and to prevent erronarf 
divisions, in a way agreeable to God's word, and the Presbyterian constili* 
tion, we are heartUy willing to receive them ; and we desire that they >iaif 
give us their answer to these heads as soon as they can conveniently. > 

These proposals were sent in an extra-judicial way to the Brunswidc^Vre* 
ihren, upon reading of which in open Synod, it was agreed that these pMp<^ 
sals were reasonable, in order to open a way toward an accommodation a» 
interview between these brethren and us. And to these we received an an- 
swer by Mr. William Tennent, junior, which is as folio weth: 

Upon a paper sent to us from the ministers that protested against us, pith 
posing certain terms of union, this conjunct meeting of the Presbyteries of 
New Brunswick and New Castle does judge that there can be no regnltf 
methods of proceeding towards the compassing a stated union between them 
and us, until their illegal protest be withdrawn ; yet so tliey and we may bo^ 
stand upon an equal foot in the regular trial of the diflerences between QS* 
That their paper contains sundry misrepresentations and unreasonable dt- 
mands, and that we have several charges against them to be satisfied in before 
we could come into a settled union with them. 

Upon reading our minutes, it was proposed, that as the protestation of the 
New York Brethren, seems to complain of the conduct of this Synod, in the 
year 1741, ordered, that the protestation delivered in that year be entered inW 
our minutes; which protestation is accordingly to be found at the end of the 
minutes for this year. 

A paper in answer to the New York brethren's protestation, being itoi ii) 
open Synod, it was unanimously agreed, that it be kept in retentu. 

Upon a supplication brought by Mr. Alison, desiring that Mr. McDoweO 
be joined to the Presbytery of New Castle, in order to answer the repealafl 
supplications of Elk-River and White-Clay Creek, ordered, that he be joined 
to it, and that they supply Nottingham for a year. 

Messrs. Andrews and Cross, did write to the General Assembly in Scot- 
land, in favour of the back inhabitants of Virginia, as was desired. 

Ordered, that the committee for the fund meet to-morrow, at eight o'clock, 
and the Synod at ten. Concluded with prayer. 

31 dat/i at ten o^ clock. A, M, according to appointment. Ubi post preeei* 
sederunt qui supra, (Some excepted who were gone home.) 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The committee have not brought in the account of the fund ; Ordered, They 
•settle it now and bring it against the next meeting. 

Agreed to remit a ^nd of Mr. Houston's, dated July 25th, 1740, in fovoui 
of hii widow and her family* 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 1Q9 

' A pioponl was made to write to the General Aasembly of the church of 
fieotland, and lay before them the low and melancholy condition of the infant 
dMHehf both for want of probationers to supply our numerous vacancies, and 
abo for want of a suitable encouragement for ministers in new settlements, and 
iintreat them both to send ministers and probationers to us, and to allow them 
^■SBtt amall support out of their fund for some years in new places. And that 
^ifkgf be pleased to enable as in some measure, or by some method, to erect a 

swninary or school for educating young men for these ends amonff ourselves. 
Shis was agreed to, and ordered, that IVlessrs. Cross, Andrews, and Thomson, 

tviite a letter to the Assembly, and let them know our circumstances. 

>'Oidered, That the Presbytery of Philadelphia regard the people of Abing- 

3IK9 and supply there as oft as they can conveniently, if they find that their 

hme requires it. 

*'• Ordered, That Messrs. Alison and McDoweU, write to some gentlemen in 

/Virginia, acquainting them with our application to the General Assembly of 

-fadand, and begging their interest to further that design. 

 Ordered, That Messrs. Andrews, Cross, Cathcart, and the moderator, wait 

CD the governor, and present the address. 
Ofdmd, That the committee for the fund meet at two o'clock, P. M. 
Disbarsements from the fund allowed per the committee for the year 1748, 
. wlbUoweth, viz: 

To Archibald McMullen for services done. 

To the Treasurer, 

'^ To the Janitor, 

To Mrs. Glen, 

To Mrs. Hook, 

The sum total of the fund before any disbursements, as computed by the 
^Mnitlee, 1743, five hundred and seventy pounds, sixteen shillings and 
ilitti pence* 

'An^onmed till the fourth Wednesday of May next, at three o'clock, P. M. 
>ii then to meet at Philadelphia. Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod met at Philadelphia according to appointment. 

May 23, 1744. Ubi post precea Bederunt^ 

Minister of New Castle Presbytery: Mr. Alexander McDowell. Absent— 
Oonegail Presbytery : Messrs. John Thomson, Adam Boyd, John Craig, 
Joim Elder. Absent — 
fkOadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Robert Cross, Daniel 

', l^muel Evans. 
Hew York Presbytery absent. 

Elders: Alexander Montgomery, James Head, Hugh Rippey, William 
Vibon, William Johnston, William Gray, Edward Lummis, and James 
Abraham. 

Mr. Andrews opened the Synod by a sermon on Ezek. iii. 17. Mr. 
Cowell, the last year's moderator, being absent. 

Many of the members being absent, and expected to be present to-morrow, 
it is concluded that the Synod adjourn to nine o'clock, to-morrow morning, 
before they enter upon business. Concluded with prayer. 

34//k dau at nine 0^ clock. Met according to appointment. Ubi post preces, 

sedertmt qui supra. 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last Synod be read. 
And upon calling the roll the following members present who were absent 
15 



£ 


$. 


d. 


2 


10 





6 


00 





1 


10 





5 


00 





3 


GO 






170 MINUTES OF THE 

yesterday, viz: Messrs. George Gillespie, Robert Oathcart, and Fwam 
Alison, of the New Castle Presbytery. And that Presbytery reports, dHl 
since our last they hare ordained to the work of the ministry, Mr. Tinotkf 
Griffith and Mr. John Steel, they having passed the usnal trials and adopted tb 
Westminster Confession and Catechisms as the confession of their faidi, a^ 
cording to order of the Synod in that case provided. They also inform Hi. 
*that pursuant to a call drawn up by the people of Snow-Hill, BuckinghaBp 
and the Ferry, in Worcester in Maryland, and wiih jhe Presbytery's conew 
rence, sent to the Presbytery of Paisley in North Britain, the Rev.Mr. Jamei 
Scougal accepted the said call. And having produced sufficient testimonkil 
of his piety, learning, prudence, soundness in the faith, blameless conversatioft 
and ordination by them, was admitted as a member of the Presbytery of N«r. 
Castle. And the Synod admitted these brethren into membership. 

Of Donegall Presbytery, Mr. Black is now present Absent: Mesov. 
Samuel Thomson, Richard Zanchy, Bertram, Hindman, and Samuel CaT«B. 
(Mr. Bell was suspended by said Presbytery.) 

Present now of Philadelphia Presbytery: Messrs. David Evans and Fnar 
cis McHenry. 

Elders of the ministers absent yesterday : Messrs. John MoMichaeL WiUitfi 
McCuUoch, I'homas James, David Paterson, Samuel Hart, James Kerr. 

Mr. McHenry chosen moderator, and Mr. McDowell clerk. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last year's Synod be read. 

We find that upon reading the last year's roll, Mr. Robert Jamison is le- 
moved by death since our last, as also Mr. Hugh Stevenson. 

Mr. Samuel Pumry's absence now excused, on account of bodily indispo- 
sition. 

Mr. David Evans gave reasons for his last year's absence, which were so^ 
tained. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Andrews, Cross, Dickinson, Pierson, Nutman, John 
Thomson, Boyd, Black, Samuel Evans, Cathcart, Alison, Gillespie* and tho 
moderator, be the committee for the fund and the commis!«ion of the Synod for 
the ensuing year. And Messrs. William Gray, Samuel Hart, William McCul* 
loch, William Wilson, elders, be joined with them in the affair of the fund; 
and that every minister endeavour to have an elder with him if the Synod'9 
commission have occasion to meet; and that five ministers and the moderator 
be a quorum of the commission. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Boyd and Griffith revise the Presbytery book of 
Philadelphia; and Messrs. Alison and Cathcart the Presbytery book of Done- 
gall, and that these books be delivered the next sederunt. 

Ordered, That the Presbytery of New Castle, not having their book now, 
do put it in order and bring it to be revised by the Synod the next year. 

Inquiry being made who had brought money to the fund, it was found that 
Messrs. Andrews, Cross, McHenry, and Craig, had brought some. 

Upon reading our last year's minutes, we find an overture presented by the 
Presbytery of New York, and that remarks upon it were read in Synod, but 
these remarks not being entered in the Synod book, it is now ordered, that they 
be inserted here in this place. They are as follows: 

Some short hints by way of remark on an overture designed to be laid 
before the Synod of Philadelphia by the brethren of the Presbytery of New 
York, submitted by the said brethren to the consideration of the other mem- 
bers of the Synod in a private extra-judicial way. 

On the introduction remark: How far the following particulars of the over- 
ture are conducive to the good end proposed, will be best known by a parti- 
cular consideration of them. 

On article first remark: Notwithstanding of what is alleged by our breth- 



SYNOD OP PHILADELPHIA. |7| 

rni, we are still of the mind that the exclusion of the New Brunswick 
brethren by the protestation mentioned, is sufficiently justified by the reasons 
fpeciiied in the said protestation; which reasons are further strengthened by 
the conduct of the said brethren ever since. And were it needful to produce 
tbem, there are not wanting precedenU* of this method of procedure in Prea- 
bjterian churches, yea and in civil judicatures; and therefore we think it 
abogether inconsistent with duty and a good conscience, to withdraw said 
protest or recede from it. And furtlier, it is our judgment, that the only 
tensible expedient in order to reunion, in the present circumstances is, that 
ibe New Brunswick, &c. would let us know under tlieir hand, how far they 
will or can comply, to give the Synod satisfaction for the offences complained 
rf, by acknowledging their past misconduct, and by giving satisfactory secu* 
rity against tlie fears of the like offences for the future. 

On the second article remark : If the Brunswick brethren would once give 
nch satisfaction to the Synod for their past conduct, in opposition to our act 
of Synod, relating to the examination of candidates for the ministry, it seems 
not unlikely that we might agree eitlier in the amendment thereof, or in insti- 
tnting an equivalent for the future. But if no reparation be made for the da- 
nages done by their past conduct in opposition to said act, we think it vain to 
talk of substituting an equivalent for the future. And, therefore, we also 
vould desire to know from these brethren under their hands, what satisfaction 
they are willing to give the Synod on this head. 

On article the third: Our judgment in respect of being obliged to open our 
pulpits to itinerants, and to invite them to preach in them, aub poena of being 
esteemed unbrotherly, and promoters of division and separation, is so far diffe- 
rent and opposite to our New York brethren's judgment, that we verily be- 
lieie, that such a constitution or order as our brethren talk of, is of most visi- 
ble and obvious tendency to promote division and separation, and every thing 
tbn is unbrotherly and uncharitable. Neither is it enough that there are no 
endeavours to set up separate meetings in our oongregations, but also that all 
Ibeie already set up, be obliged to return to their pastors and congregations, 
<t else be deemed and dealt with as disorderly. And that the New Bruns- 
viek brethren, Slc, shall take such mediods as tlie Synod shall prescribe, to 
perniade those whom they have influenced to separate, to return again to their 
mpective folds and pastors. In fact we tliink the proposal has a visible, 
plain, and native tendency to advance the mischief it pretends to prevent, and 
to prevent and destroy the good it pretends to advance. We think that to 
five any minister a right to preach in any brother's pulpit contrary to his 
inclination, without presbyterial order for that purpose, is the direct way to 
breed and foment divisions, and quench brotherly love among ministers. 
Where love and esteem actually subsist there is no need for such right to be 
pleaded by the itinerant; and when jealousy, and want of love and esieem do 
prevail, such an order would undoubtedly increase them. Besides, we think 
that itinerant preaching, properly so called, (i. e. when preaching is the prin- 
cipal end for travel,) except by express order of Presbytery, hath no founda- 
tion in the word of God. Even Paul and Barnabas had a particular order for 
heir travelling among the Gentiles. And therefore we propose that it still be 
eft as it always hath been, to the discretionary agreement of the ministers 
atmcemed, when one minister shall preach in another's pulpit, and tliat no 
ninister be allowed to travel abroad to preach, i. e. for preaching's sake, 
vithout an actual or virtual order from his respective Presbytery, together 
rith the concurrence of the Presbytery where he preaches. 

On article fourth remark : l*his article is for substance the same with what 
lath been in force and practice in all well regulated Presbyterian churches; 
aving that the order of process is inverted or perverted, inasmuch as it puts 



172 mNDm of the 

it in the accuser or proeecator, to bring things per taUumf before mflnpnK 
jurisdiction. It is merefore our judgment, that according to the natunl mitt 
of things, and the known practice of all Presbyterian churches in the wodL 
that every person or case be tried by or before its next or lowest judicalsieli 
which he or it is subject. 

On the fifth remark : This article we approve on suppositicm, tftiat unioiiM 
a good foundation were obtained; otherwise we think this article, if in foioe^ 
Would enjoin what is not only unreasonable but also impossible in the natiin 
of the thing, viz: That the Brunswick brethren and we should be sincere a 
treating one another with the same intimate love, kindness, and respect, ai if 
such differences had never been, while yet we have received no satisfactti 
for the past most public and injurious treatment, which we have sufierad^ 
their hands. And to enjoin it, we think would be in the consequence of il| 
foolish, wicked, and utterly inconsistent with the principles of rational a# 
preservation, and the trust reposed in us by our exalted Lord. Inasmuch ai ft 
would be to put it in the power of those who have been tearing our bowdl» 
and the bowels of Christ's church under our care these years past, to pernl 
without resistance in the same practice, and to act the same cruelty over agaii* 
While we have not any reasonable scriptural evidence of their repentance fiv 
past injuries, nor security against the like treatment for the future. Besidei 
that it is contrary to the general Scripture rules of dealing with scandalooi 
offenders. Them that sin rebuke before all. Count him, viz: the obstinate 
offender as an heathen or publican, and avoid the authors of division as penoos 
who serve not the Lord Christ but their own beUies. 

On article sixth remark : To give into this article would be to approve d 
and confirm schism by our Synodical authority. For seeing the reason ioi 
erecting such a new Synod, is because we cannot live in union and concord; 
surely one of the parties at least, must be certainly and really in the fanh' 
and K)r our Synod to approve of a faulty party, separating on the score of eo» 
tention, is evidendy to ratify schism by Synodical authority ; besides, thii 
would infer our consenting to the perpetuating a continual temptation to buik 
up the interest of our own respective parties or Synods respectively, in oppo- 
sition to one another, i. e. in opposition to the opposite Synod, which we oar 
selves have erected and approved. Therefore we cannot in conscience com- 
ply with it But if our New York brethren, &c. shall now see cause, con' 
trary to our judgment and inclination, to divide themselves from us, and to 
erect tliemseives into a new separate body, as it is not in our power to hindei 
them, though we cannot in conscience approve of their so doing, yet we hope, 
that by the grace of God, we shall sincerely and conscientiously endeavour tc 
cherish and cultivate a truly Christian and charitable disposition towards them 
as far as such a contentious separation will allow, and as far as we can attaii 
unto, in opposition to tlie remains of the corruption and uncharitableness. 
which we have reason to acknowledge doth too much and too often prevail ii 
and over us all. Provided always, that our brethren shall not hereby thinl 
that we will bind ourselves from vindicating our conduct, with respect to thii 
breach in the most public manner, so that the Reformed churches and impar 
tial world may have an opportunity to judge in the affair. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

./?/ three o'clock, P. M. post preces, sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the Minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
Ordered, That the clerk proceed in reading the last year's minutes. 
Mr. McDowell's affair referred to further consideration. 
The time of meeting of the committee for the fund deferred. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 173 

. Mean. Andrews and CrosA wrote to the General Aaaembly of the Church 
of Scotland, according to appointment. 

The Presbytery of Philadelphia report, that they have fupplied the people 
if Abington diverse times, aceording to last year's appointment. 

Messrs. Alison and McDowell report, that they have writ to some gentle- 
SMD in Virginia, acquainting them of our application to the General Assembly 
of Scodand, as appointed last year. 

Messrs. Andrews, Cross, Oathcart, &c. report, that they waited on the 60- 
vamor with the address, according to appointment. 

Mr. Beli materially appealed from a judgment of suspension laid on him 
If the Presbytery of Donegall, and requested the Synod would appoint a 
mnmittee to meet at Donegal! on that affair. And it is ordered, that Messrs. 
John Thomson, Robert Cross, Adam Boyd, Samuel Thomson, Hindman, 
ttllespie, McDowell, and GrilFith, be a committee to meet there the second 
Wednesday of June next, at twelve o'clock, to hear and determine that affair. 
And that Mr. Bell continue under suspension till the committee meet. And 
k is further determined that a copy of this minute be sent to the congregation 
of Donegall as soon as possible, and that Mr. Black or Mr. Elder take care 
to deliver the said copy, to be communicated to the members, that they prep^ure 
cfidences and be ready for a trial of that affair. And it is ordered, that Mr. 
Gillespie open the committee with a sermon. 

A representation from many people of North Carolina, was laid before the 
Bjmod showing dicir desolate condition, and requesting the Synod to take 
tlttir estate into consideration, and petitioning that we would appoint one of 
mr namber to correspond with them. Ordered, That Mr. John Thomson 
MRespond with them. 

OrdiBrcd, That Messrs. David Evans, Samuel Evans, and Griffith, write to 
Wales, representing the state of our church, and to desire a probationer may 
bi sent from tliem to us if they possibly can. . 
Adjourned till ten o'clock to-morrow. Concluded with prayer. 

25/A day, at ten o'clock. Post precea^ sedenmt qiti ncpra. 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
New Castle Presbyter}- desiring Mr. McDowell might be entirely loosed 
fiom Donegall and joined to them; and Mr. McDowell desiring the advice of 
tiio Synod to determine him in this affair, it was unanimously voted that he 
thoold be joined to New Custlc Presbytery, and the congregation of Notting- 
ham is ctmlinucd and wliolly joined wiih New CasUe Presbytery. 
The affair of the fund deforrcd. 

A letter from Mr. Hutchinson, containing his opinion of the proceedings of 
the Synod and New-Brunswick party, and advices to the Synod, was 
nad before us. And the Synod judges, that so far as his advices appear 
agreeable to the word of Cvoil, they have walked agreeable to them, and hope 
Ihey will endeavour still to make conscience of doing so. Ordered, That Mr. 
Alison write to Mr. Flutchinson an answer to his letter. 

The minutes of a committee held at the great valley, November 16th, 1743, 
by a private agreement between the Presbyteries of Philadelphia, New Castle, 
uid Donegall, were laid before us, showing that the said committee consid- 
nred the necessity of using speedy endeavours to educate youth for supply- 
ing our vacancies. But the proper method for this end cannot be so well com- 
passed without the Synod ; they refer the further consideration of the affair to 
that reverend body, but ai^rce that in the mean time a school be opened for the 
education of youth. And the Synod now approve that design, and take the 
laid school under our care. And agree upon the following plan for carrying 
3n that design: 
15» 



174 IflNUTBS OF THE 

1. That there be a achool kept qien where all penom who ple aae m i y 
send their children and have them inatmcted gratia in the langaagee, fUii' 
ophy* and divinity. 

2. In order to carry on thia desiffn, it ia agreed that every congregation rat 
der onr care, be applied to for yearly contributiona, more or leaa* aa they em 
afford, and aa God may incline them to contribute, until Providenee c^i 
door for our aupporting the school some other way. 

3. That if any thing can be spared beaidea what may support a master aii 
tutor, that it be employed by the truateea for buying books and other mM^ 
•ariea for said school, and for the benefit of it, aa me trustees shall f^^vnh 
per. And Mr. Alison is chosen master of said achool, and haa the pnvft|i 
of chooaing an usher under him to assist him; and the aaid Mr. Alisci^^ 
exempted from all public business, save only attending church judieatqflPt 
and what concerns his particular pastoral charee. And the Synod agieVrji 
allow Mr. Alison twenty pounds per annum, and the usher fifteen pounldi. 

The further consideration of this afiair deferred till the afternoon. 
Adjourned till three o*clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

^i three o'clock^ P. M. Post precea, a'ederurU qui tupra. 

The affair of the fund deferred. 
The affair of the school resumed. 

4. Agreed that Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Cross, and Evans, juBKir, of 
Philadelphia Presbytery; and John Thomson, Black, and Boyd, of DonenUi 
and Gillespie and Griffith, Cathcart, and Steel, and McDowell, of New V^ 
tie Presbytery, be appointed trustees for the management (^ the affaire of tb^ 
said school, for this year; and as many more as can conveniently, may meet 
with them. And it's ordered, that said trustees meet on the third Wednesday 
of September next, and that any five of them be a quorum, and that they ap* 
point three of their number to meet at three other times in the year at saU 
school. I'hese trustees are to inspect into the master's diligence in, and m^ 
thod of, teaching; consider and direct what authors are chiefly to be read it 
the several branches of learning; to examine the scholars fn>m time to time 
as to their proficiency, and apply the money procured fromt)ur people as of 
dered above, and to what other uses they find proper; and irt sum, to order al 
affairs relating to said school as they see expedient, and be accountable to th< 
Synod, making report of their proceedings and the state of the school yearly 
And ordered, that Messrs. Thomson, Griffith, and Steel, and McDowell, b^ 
the four that shall meet first at said school, and that on the last Tuesday o 
June next. 

The Rev. Mr. Dorsius, pastor of the Reformed Dutch Church in Bncki 
county, laid a letter before us from the deputies of North and South Holland 
wherein they desire of the Synod an account of tlie state of the High and Lou 
Dutch churches in this province, and also of the churches belonging to the 
Presbyterian Synod of Philadelphia, and whether the Dutch churches may b 
joined in communion with said Synod, or if this may not be, that they woul< 
form themselves into a regular body and government among themselves. Ii 
pursuance of which letter the Synod agree, that letters be wrote in the nam 
of the Synod, to the deputies of these Synods in Holland, in Latin, and to tb 
Scotch ministers in Rotterdam, giving them an account of the churches here 
and declaring our willingness to join with the Calvinist Dutch churches hen 
to assist each other as far as possible in promoting the common interests of re 
ligion among us, and signifying the present great want of ministers among th 
High and Low Dutch, with desire that they may help in educating men fo 
the work of the ministry. And the Synod ordered, that Messrs. Andrews 
Cross, Evans, junior, and the moderator, do write said letters. 



SYNOD JOF PBUiAIXBVHIA. ^5 

; A papnr bam the New Bniniwick purijr was presented to na by Mr* Bbdr, 
4bcoiiride»tioii of which is deferrea till to-morrow momioff. 
Adjouroed tiU to-morrow morning at nine o'clock. Concluded wilh prayer. 

2(Uh day, at nine o^cloekf poit preees, itdentrU qtd iupra. 

 (hdered, That the minutes of our last aedentni be read. 

The afiadr of the fund deferred. 

Hie Synod took under consideration the paper sent to us yesterday by Mr. 
Km, from the New Brunswick party, demanding a part of the fund belong- 
iB|; to this Synod may be allowed them. By which demand we find that tiiey 
h e o Ter no intention to endeavours for peace, and to heal the lamentable di- 
Mtions that prevail in our distressed church. And as we look on that party, 
iiade up partly of those who have by their conduct forfeited their right to 
iiifembership among us, and of consequence of all the privileges thereof, and 
ptrtly of those who never belonged to our Synod, and of consequence have no 
more right to any privileges whatsoever appertaining to the Synod, than any 
edier whatsoever who will pretend thereunto without any colour of reason or 
equity. And therefore, on the whole, we judge their demand herein to be 
lugfafy unreasonable and unjust, and not to be complied with. Approved, 
aentthe cantradicente. 

Ordered, That a copy of the above minute be signed by the moderator, and 
aeatto Mr. Gilbert Tennent, moderator of the New Brunswick party; which 
MNMdingly was done by the janitor. 

' Ordered, That every minister recommend it to their respective congrega- 
MoDs, 10 contribute yearly toward defraying the expenses of their respective 
Men in attending on the Synod. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet here at three o'clock this 
ifkamoon. 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May next, at three o'clock, poit 
Concluded with prayer. 



The S3mod met at Philadelphia, according to appointment. 

May 22J, 1745. Ubi post preees Mtdtruni, 

Of New York Presbytery, ministers:* Messrs. Dickinson, Pierson, and 
Pemberton. Absent: Messrs. Nutman, Burr, Hubbell, Leonard, Azariah 
Rorton, and Simon Horton. 

Of Philadelphia Presbytery: Messrs. Andrews, Cross, David Evans, El- 
mer, McHenry, Co well, Samuel Evans. Absent: Mr. Guild. 

Of Donegall Presbytery, ministers: Messrs. Boyd, Thomson, Zanchy. 
ibaent: Messrs. Bertram, Black, Elder, Samuel Thomson, Caven, Hind- 
man, Craig. 

Of New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Gillespie, Cathcart, Alison, McDowell, 
Seoogal, Griffith, Steel. 

Elders : William Gray, Thomas Harris, William Ramsey, John Parry, 
f¥illiam Ewen, William Wallace, William Nill, Robert Mackey, William 
Lindsay, Samuel James, James Donnal, Nathaniel Hazard, Brice Iimis. 

Our Rev. Brethren, Mr. Pumry, of Newtown, and Mr. Wilmot, of Jamai- 
!a, on Long Island, are deceased since our last. 

The Synod was opened by a sermon on Prov. xi. 30, by Mr. McHenry, 
ast year's moderator. 

Mr. Robert Cathcart chosen moderator, and Mr. McDowell clerk. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning, at nine o'clock. 

Concluded with prayer. 



f76 MOTDm OF THB 

nddlay. Mnimo^dotk th$ Sytwd mtt^ and poii prteet, taloMtf fri 

supra. .1 /»'ilA 

Mr. Cowell's and Mr. Zanchy*8 absence last year excused, for tiitabBi 
given. ''^' 

Ordered, That last year's minutes be read. '*' 

Ordered, That Messrs. Dickinson, Pierson, Pemberton, Andrews* Blidi^ 
2(anchy, Cross, McHenry, Gillespie, Alison, McDowell, and the modetiW 
be the committee for the fund, and the commission of the Synod for the yw 
ensuing; and that William Gray, Robert McKnight, William Ewen, ffU 
Nathaniel Hazard, elders, be joined with them, and that each member alwiji 
endeavour to have an elder with him in case the commission of the Sj9od 
have occasion to meet, and that any five ministers, with the moderator, \i^t 
quorum of the commission. ' ^ 

Ordered, That Mr. Steel and Mr. Zanchy revise the Presbytery book ff 
Philadelphia, and that it be given them the next sederunt for that end. 

New York, Donegall, and New Castle books being not here now, OIde^ 
ed, That each of these Presbyteries put their books in order and bring thjni 
to be revised the next year. 

Messrs. Dickinson, rierson, and Pemberton, in the name of the New Tq^ 
Presbytery, and by a commission from them, desire that the Synod appoint i| 
committee to confer with them to try whether an overture can be preptredt 
removing any grounds of dissatisfaction or difference between them and dMJ 
Synod. '^ 

Ordered, That Messrs. Andrews, Cross, Alison, Thomson, Boyd, GiBc*- 
pie, McDowell, Samuel Evans, and the moderator, meet with them as a oiaa^ 
mittee for that purpose, at three o^clock, and as inany other members if, 
please may attend. 

Inquiry being made who had brought money for the fund, it was found that 
Messrs. Andrews and Samuel Evans had brought some. And it waa recom- 
mended to the other members that had brought none, carefully to observe the 
order in that case made for the future. 

The committee appointed by the Synod to hear and determine Mr. BeB'i 
affair, met according to appomtment; and the reading of their minutes is de-. 
ferred till next sederunt. 

The order that Messrs. David Evans, Samuel Evans, and Griffith, write. 
to Wales, not being yet fulfilled, is continued. 

Upon reading the minutes relating to the school, it's ordered, that such i^ 
have raised no collections for the school as yet, should immediately apply » 
their congregations for contributions ; and that all the members do so again 
between this and our next, and that such as supply in vacant congregationii 
endeavour to obtain collections from them also, for supporting the school, a|id 
that each Presbytery see that those they appoint to supply vacancies do so, : 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, McHenry, Samuel Evans,. Boyd, Black, 
Griffith, and Steel, be a committee and trustees for the school, and meet it 
said school the second Tuesday of October and March. 

The letters were wrote to Holland according to appointment. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer* : 



24/A day, at nine o' clock, A. M. Post preces, sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

minutes of the committee appointed to hear and try Mr. Bell's affair, 
lad, and the committee's conduct in that afifair approved, in deposing 



The 
were read 



SYNOD OF PmLADBLPmA. I77 

office upon the groimdi contained in these minntes 



;.  



ftfewii^.* 

^ The committee appointed to confer with the New York brethren not hav- 
ing ffot an overture prepared to bring in to the Synod, the whole Synod was 
laoiYed into a committee to consider that affair. 

AAer nnich consultation had in this affair, they appoint again that Messrs. 
Thomaon, Alison, Griffith, Steel, and McDowell, be a committee to prepare 
apian for. union, against our next sederunt: any three of them be a quorum to 

Adjourned till five o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod, after waiting long for the committee appointed at our last to 
ptpare a plan, understanding that they have not prepared said plan, do ad- 
jouni till nine o'clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

25/A(fay. At nine o'clock^ ^, M. Post precesj sederunt qtn supra. 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
Hie committee appointed to draw a plan, Sic, being inquired at, answer 
Ibt they have drawn a plan to be now laid before the Synod. Previous to 
ttading it, some inquired at their New York brethren, who of the New Bruns- 
vkik Methren they alleged to be members, whether all that are now of that 
My, or only such of them as enjoyed membership before, and they declared 
oey account only such as have been members and had their seats, to be now 
oraibers, and no others. 

The overture drawn up by the committee was read twice, and the vote put, 
Wbedier it was a proper plan for accommodation to be now proposed, and it 
WM voted proper to propose it, and it is as follows : 

L The glory of God and the advancement of Christ's kingdom, by the per- 
toading souls to embrace the Lord Jesus on gospel terms, and by preserving 
pittoe, truth, and good order in the churches, ought to be the grand design of 
dt Christians, and of the ministers of the gospel in particular. . But to our 
(IVI eoncem and sorrow, the disorderly intrusions into the pastoral charges 
41 Ainisters, and surmises that were raised to blacken their characters as car- 
nland unconverted; the bold violation of our synodical acts and regulations, 
wi the new method of itinerant preaching where there is a stated gospel 
Ulstvy, hath, in a great measure, marred this noble design, by rending the 
chqdies of Christ, and filling the minds of people with uncharitable opinions 
tf one another. 

To eheck these evils prevailing by means of some claiminfi; to themselves 
iprivileffe, under pretence of extraordinaries, to trample under foot the rights of 
BttikinfC to destroy all pastoral relation, and to lay aside, at least for a season, 
dnt form of government and discipline that was practised and used in our 
Pkesbyterian churches, a number of the Synod of Philadelphia protested 
a|nD8t such illegal, disorderly practices in the year 1741. And being wearied 
with fruitless attempts to redress these delusive, unscriptural methods of pro- 
ofieding, determined to withdraw from Synodical communion, unless sucn as 
vere guilty of such practices gave proper satisfaction according to gospel rules. 
Hie matority of the Synod then present, made this protest iheir act, and de- 
clared tnat those brethren should either give such satisfaction or withdraw 
from membership, upon which they chose to withdraw. 

* Tha Editor has omitted the minutes of thii committee, as they embrace a large 
body of tastiiiiooy in Mr. Bell's trial, which, properly apeakinff, constitutes no part (rf'the 
azalea. It has always been usual to exclude such matters n-om synodical records, and 
ereo in ean of trial before Presbyteries, the testimony is usually \ut\X on €i\a« 



178 MUfOTES OP THE 

Thif method of procedon was eomplained of next yetr, as contmjr to M' 
method of proceeding in our churches by some members that wen absetf 
when this separation was made. Upon which it was proposed that the whck 
affair should be reviewed by the S3niod then met, and if any thing was fonli 
illegal, it should be redressed. But these brethren could find deamess to^ 
nothing, till these disorderly brethren who withdrew, should again be allowiA 
to take their seats as members, which the majority of the Synod could aH 
comply with. Upon which they entered a declaration against die method sf 
proceeding the year before. At our next Synod meeting, they propoHi 
methods to heal the breach between those brethren who withdrew and thv 
S3mod ; wliich occasioned the Synod to send them proposals of peace, whkk 
they rejected, and still continued their divisive practices of counteracting At 
Synod's regulations, and crumbling of congregations to pieces, erecting ahtf 
against altar, to the great scandal of religion and ruin of vital piety. ThM 
brethren from the Presbytery of New York, who were dissatisfied at d0 
method by which that parly stand excluded, having on this occasion laboorrf 
to have their own scruples removed, and at the same time to have peace woi 
anity restored among dl that ever were members of the Synod ; all the SynoA 
now met« heartily concur with them in this noble undertaking, if it can bs 
obtained in such a method as may and will maintain sound doctrine, and pn» 
serve the peace and good order of the church. 

In order to accomplish this, these brethren proposed it as an expedient H 
remove their scruples and heal all our divisions, that every person that is or 
has been a member, shall now voluntarily subscribe the essential agveemeBli 
on which our Synod formerly was established, and which are the geninl 
q>proved agreements of our churches. And as we think that a subsoiptioi 
of these articles will be a renouncing disorder and divisive practice, and wiDf 
when obtained, lay a foundation for maintaining peace, truth, and good ordeCv 
which was what was desired in the protest, by which the Brunswick brethren 
stand excluded. We, therefore, in compliance with the request of these bred^ 
ren, and in order to remove all scruples, propose that all that are now or 
ever have been members of this Synod, shall subscribe the following faiidi> 
mental articles and agreements as Uieir acts, and all who will do so shall be 
members of this Synod. 

II. That in all prudential acts for the regular management of the affaiis ol 
the church of God among us, every member shall either actively concur oi 
peaceably submit to, and not counteract such things as are determined by tht 
majority, as being founded upon God's word; or if any do declare they have 
not freedom of conscience to comply, they shall withdraw and no more be 
acknowledged as members of this Synod, unless they afterwards find cleamesf 
and so return and comply. 

III. That if any member suppose he has reason of complaint against any o 
his brethren for unsound doctrine, or irregularities of life, or unfaithfulness ii 
his pastoral office, he shall proceed in a Christian way according to the raki 
of God*s word, and our known methods of discipline, and shall not in publii 
or private spread his surmises, offences, or scandals, without proceeding ai 
aforesaid; or else be accounted guilty of unchristian conduct, and liable l( 
censure. Accordingly we look upon such practices to be contrary to the gos 
pel, and of pernicious tendency to the church of Christ. 

IV. That no member of this Synod shall preach in the congregation it 
another brother without judicial appointment, or being invited by his brothei 
to preach for him. And whoever acts contrary shall be deemed guilty of un 
brotherly treatment and divisive practice, and be censured accordingly ; vm 
the same way, no Presbytery shall invade the charge and rights of othoi 
Presbyteries. And all erections within the bounds of regulated congregations 



SYNOD OP PBILAOBUPHIA. |^ 

TO been or ehall be set up by such itinennt preachinff and divisire prao* 
hail be deemed contrary to the peace and good order of this church* 
isequently shall not be maintained or supported by any member be- 
: tons. 

^e agree, that none who have not heretofore enjoyed membership in 
nod, shall be admitted thereto without submitting to the manner of 
ion determined by our former acts; and such as may and shall be pro- 
1 that case, and complying with these general articles now agreed upon* 
I such as upon proper trial shall be duly qualified with respect to leam- 
mdness in the faith, and a gospel conversation, shall, upon agreeing to 
rticles, and submitting to our method of church government, be cordi- 
nitted to Synodical communion. 

We agree that each member of this Synod shall keep a day of public 
emn fasting, and thereupon confess and bewail the prevailing evils of 
ty, profaneness, the untendemess and barrenness of professors, and the 
)f religion in general ; and particularly the debates, divisive practicea* 
table censures, and unbrotherlv treatment that have torn and divided 
Tch of Christ in these parts to the dishonour of God, the hurt of prac- 
3ty, the oflfence and scandal of the weak, and the hardening the wicked, 
opening the mouths of the profane. And deprecate the divine dis- 
e, and implore the blessing of God upon this and all other proper 
for the advancement of true and undefiled religion, and the maintaining 
ipagating the great truths of the gospel, and the peace, unity, and in- 
of this infant church. 

brethren of New York Presbytery immediately answered, they would 
ept this plan, nor be united with us upon it; and therefore as being 
ssioned by New York Presbytery to transact in this affair, they desire 
iopy of this overture may be given them to carry to their Presbytery, 
tose to the Synod that it should be mutually agreed, that they be allowed 
e consent of this body, to erect another Synod, under the name of the 
of New York. This they desire to do with the consent of this body* 
ly may not be thought to set up and act in opposition to this, and that 
lay be a foundation for the two Synods to consult and act in mutual 
: with one another hereafter, and maintain love and brotherly kindness 
ich other. 

Synod appoint Messrs. Thomson, Alison, Griffith, and McDowell, 
are an answer to this proposal, and bring it in to the Synod the next 
U. 
>umed till Monday morning at ten o'clock. Concluded with prayer. 

27th day^ ten o* clocks A, M, post preces sederunt qin supra. 

ired, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read, 
committee appointed to draw up an answer to the proposal of the New 
brethren, brought in one accordingly, which was considered, and after 
liscourse upon it, was approven as it here follows : The unhappy divi- 
rhich have subsisted among us for some years, cannot but deeply affect 
wish the welfare of Zion; and it particularly affects us, tliat some of 
thrcn of New York do not at present see their way clear to continue in 
cal communion with us. And though we judge they have no just 
to withdraw from us, yet seeing they propose to erect themselves into 
d at New York, and now desire to do this in the most friendly manner 
e, we declare, if they or any of them do so, we shall endeavour to 
n charitable and Christian affections toward them, and show the same 



180 MDnTFBS OF THB 

upon sU oecammis by rach coneepondence and fellowship, at we sfadl ifaak 
duty, and consistent with a good oonscienee. 
Adjourned till two o'clock, P. M. Conclnded with prayer. 

At two 0^ clock P. M^vost preces sederunt qui tupr^ 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
A letter from a gentleman in Virginia, with a printed charge giTen by te 
gOTcmor of that colony to the grand jury, was laid before the Synod; bj 
which it appears that the government of that colony is highly provoked bytfal 
conduct of some of the new party who have preached there, and therefore tbs 
Synod judge it necessary to send an address to that governor, informing kia 
oi the distinction between this Synod and that separated party, that so their 
conduct may not be imputed to us, nor provoke that government to deny « 
the liberties and favours we have enjoyed under it. Therefore, the Synol 
appoints Messrs. Cross, Thomson, Alison, and Griffith, to be a committee tt 
draw up said address against the next sederunt,* 



* Wo have procured a copy of the charge above alluded to, fhiro the ABierican W6ii^ 
Mercury, published in Philadelphia, Auguit, 1745, and placed in the Philadelphia l^ 
brarv, which we subjoin for the gratification of the reader. — Editor. 

**The charge of the Honourable William Gooch, Esq. Lieutenant Goremor and eoBi^ 
mander in chief of the colony and dominion of Virginia, delivered to the geulkmm rf 
the grand jury, at the capital in Williamsburg, on Thursday the 18th of April, 1745i  

** without taking any notice of the ordinary matters and things you are called toil* 
tend, and sworn to make inquisition for, I must, on this occasion, turn to your thov^ll 
and recommend to your present service, another subject of great importance, wbid, I 
thank God, has been unusual, but I hope will be most effectual ; I moan the infomntloi 
I have received of certain false teachers that are lately crept into this governinsit? 
who, without orders or licenses, or producing any testimonial of their edacation or ssfl^ 
professing themselves ministers under the pretended influence of new lights extrMrdtMrf 
tmjnilte, and suck like fanatical and enthusiastic knowledge, lead the innocent and igBO« 
rant people into all kinds of delusion; and in this frantic and profane disguise, thoii|k 
such is their heterodoxy, that thev treat all other modes of worship with the utmost seort 
and contempt, yet, as if they had bound themselves by an oath to do many things agaii^ 
the religion of the blessed Jesus, that pillar and stay of the truth, our reform^ choreki 
to the great dishonour of Almighty God, and the discomfort of serious Christians, thef 
endeavour to make their followers believe that salvation is not to be obtained in her ooA^ 
munion. 

** As this denunciation, and, if I am rightly advised, in* words not decent to repeit, 
has been by one of them publicly affirmed, and shows what manner of spirit they aQ tf 
them are of, in a country hitherto remarkable for uniformity in worship, and where thf 
saving truths of the gospel are so constantly inculcated ; I did promise myself, that either 
their preaching would be in vain, or that an insolence so criminal should not long be 
connived at 

** And, therefore gentlemen, since these workers of a deceitful work, blaspheming our 
sacraments, and reviling our excellent liturgy, are said to draw disciples after them, and 
we know not whereunto this separation may grow, but may easily foretell into what a 
distracted condition, by longer forbearance, this colony will be reduced ; we are called 
upon by the rights of society, and what I am persuaded, will be with you at least aa pre- 
vailing an inducement, by the principles of Christianity, to put an immediate stop to ths 
devices and intrigues of these associated schismatics; who having, no doubt, assumed to 
themselves the apostasy of our weak brethren, we may be assured there is not any thiflf 
■o absurd but what they will assort, nor any doctrines or precepts so sacred but wlii2 
they will pervert and accommodate to their /aoourt/e theme, railing against our religiow 
estaUishment, for which in any other country, the British dominions only excepCad, thsy 
would be very severely handled. 

** However not meaning to inflame your resentment as we may, without breach of 
charity pronounce, that it is not liberty of conscience, but freedom of speech they ao 
earnestly prosecute ; and we are very sure they have no manner of pretence to any ahek 

* That wa worship the devil and are damned. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. |81 

 Ordered, That Meun. Andrews, Crow, Thomson, Alison, and Samuel 
Enns, be a committee to draw up a declaration against the present disorders 
and divisive practices that prevail in the church against the next sedentrU. 

Ordered, That every minister who has been ordered to let money belonging 
to (he Synod, and take bonds for it in their own name, shall now give a decla- 
ntion of trust to the Synod. And agreed, that no member shall hereafter be 
diowed to borrow any money from the Synod. 

Some young men offering themselves to examination according to our acts 
k that caae, agreed that the whole Synod resolve itself into a committee, and 
ittmediately enter upon said examination at Mr. Cross's house. 
<L Adjourned till to-morrow morning at ten o'clock. Concluded with prayer. 

2Qth day at ten o'clock, A. M, Ubi post precet sederunt qui supra. 
<- Ofdered, I'hat the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
' The address to the governor of Virginia was brought in and approved, and 
ii ts follows : 

To the Honourable William Gooch, Esq. Lieutenant Governor of the co- 
lomr of Virginia, &c. The hyml4e.«iddres8, &c: 

^ Jnav it please you| (honours* The favourable acceptance which your Honour 
ihs pleased to give our former address, and the countenance and protection 
vbich liiose of our persuasion have met with in Virginia, fills us with grati- 
WdBf mud we beg leave on this occasion in all sincerity to express the same. 
bfwy deeply affects us to find, that any who go from these parts, and per- 
Ittps assume the name of Presbyterians, should be guilty of such practices, 
(jach uncharitable, unchristian expressions, as are taken notice of in your Ho- 
iour'a charge to the grand jury. And in the mean time it gives us the greatest 
piMMure, that we cau assure your Honour, these persons never belonged to 
Mr body, but are missionaries sent out by some, who by reason of their divi- 
i^and uncharitable doctrines and practices, were in May, 1741, excluded 
ihni our Synod, upon which they erected themselves into a separate society, 
and have industriously sent abroad persons whom we judge ill qualified for 
disdiaracter they assume, to divide and trouble the churches. And, there- 

I 

\ 

Mrandar the acts of toleration, because, admitting they have bad regular ordination, 
thtr are by these acts obliged, nor can they be ignorant of it, not only to take the oaths, 
■H whh the teat to subscribe, after a deliberate reading of tliem, some of the articles of 
•uneligion, before they presume to officiate, but, that in this indulgent grant, tiiough 
liC aqaressed, a covenant is intended, whereby they engage to preserve the character of 
AawiiJUtioas men, and not to use their liberty for a cloak of maliciousness. 

"80 that I say, allowing their ordination, yet, as they have not, by submitting to these 
OKDtial points, qualified themselves to gather a congregation, or, if they had, in speaking 
ll manlier of evil agsinst us, have forfeited the privilege due to such compliance, inso- 
iwrh, that they are entirely without excuse, and their religious profession is very justly 
mpeeCed lo be the result of Jesuitical policy, which also is an iniquity to bo punisfa«d by 

fcijodgea. 

"I must, as in doty bound to God and man, charge you in the most solemn manner, 
Ii BMke strict inquiry after these seducers ; and if they or any of them, arc still in the 
fBicnuDent, by presentment or indictment, to report them to the court, that we, who 
M fai mnthority under the Defender of our Faith, and the appointed guardians to oar 
Wastitution in church and state, exercising our power in this respect fur the prolectioa 
#the people committed to our care, may show our zeal in the maiutenanco of the true 
riigioB; not as the manner of some is, by violent oppression, but in putting to silence, 
if sQch method as our laws direct, the calumnies and invectives of these bold accoserm, 
Hid in dispelling, as we are devoutly dinposcd, so dreadful and dangerous a coml^inatioo. 
■-"In short, gentlemen, we should 'deviate from the pious path wc profess to tread in, 
Hrf^boald be unjust to God, to our king, to our country, to ourselves, and to our poete. 
ity, not to take cogaiiance of so great wickedness, whereby the grace of our Lord Jesos 
Jurist is tamed into ' ' ' 
16 



182 MINUTES OF THE 

fore, we humbly pray, that while those who belong to ns and prodnee propei 

testimonials, behave themselves suitably, they may still enjoy the &tov dt 

your Honour's countenance and protection. And praying for the divine Vim 

mgon your person and government, we beg leave to subscribe oorsdves, / 

May it please your Honour, 4 

Your Honour's most obliged, 'U 

most obedient, and most humble servant. •■■'i 

Signed in the name and per order of the Synod, 

Robert Cathcart, Modentor. i 

May 28, 1745. 

The committee appointed to draw the declaration, not having preparodit 

yet, ordered, that they bring it in against the next sederunt. And the e«l» 

mittee meet on the afiair of the fund. 

Adjourned to Mr. Andrews's house, at two o'clock, afternoon. -^ 

Concluded with prayer. "* 

^t two 0^ clock met at Mr. Andrews's house^ as aj^minUi V 

The committee appointed to meet at II^C jess's house yesterday, P. Mtf 

met accordingly, and after due examinatidFT <M the f'49^^ n^^n that ofieidb 

themselves, in the languages and several parts of philosophy, who were Jheni 

Thom, John Hamilton, and Hector Alison, they were all Uiree approved* '/ 

Ordered, That the clerk give them a copy of this minute as a certificate. ■' 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May next at three o'clock, P. M*^ 

Concluded with prayer. 

The S3mod met at Philadelphia, at nine of the clock, A.M. 

May 9, 1746. Ubi post preees sedertmtf 

Of Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Andrews, Cross, McHenry, SavoA 
Evans. Absent: Messrs. David Evans, Elmer, Co well, and Guild. 

Of Donegall Presbytery: Messrs. Boyd, Samuel Thomson, and Bhdk. 
Absent: Messrs. John Thomson, Zanchy, Eider, Caven, Craig, and Hmd- 
man. ' 

Of Newcastle Presbytery: Messrs. Cathcart, Alison, McDowell, Stedi 
and Griffith. 

Elders: Messrs. William Gray, Samuel Hart, David Griffith, Thorn* 
Hope, Charles Gillgore, James Reid, William Lindsay, George Curry, Jdu 
Montgomery, John Dick, Simon James. 

Mr. Cathcart opened the Synod yesterday, by a sermon on I Tim. in. 
15, 16, the last year's moderator. 

Many of the members being absent, the present members agreed not to con- 
stitute till nine o'clock this morning, when more members were expected. 

Mr. Alison chosen moderator, and Mr. Griffith clerk. 

Since our last Mr. William Bertram of Donegall Presbytery, and Mr. James 
Scougall of New Castle Presbytery, are deceased. 

Mr. David Evans sent the reasons of his absence, which were sustained. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Mr. Samuel Thomson's absence last year, excused because of bodily indifl' 
position. 

The Synod finding several of their members absent from year to year, and 
particularly some members of the Presbytery of Donegall, cannot look upon 
such conduct otherwise than irregular, and of dangerous consequence, do 
therefore order, that every Presbytery acquaint their respective members 
thereof; and that the Synod expects some reasons of such absence and better 
attendance hereafler. 

Ordered, That a copy of the above minute be sent to each Presbytery. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 1S3 

' Ordered, That Messn. Andrews, Cross, MeHenry, Samuel Evans, fioyd, 
Thouismi, Gillespie, Cathcflurt, McDoweU* Griffith, and the moderator, be 
decommission of the Synod, and committee for the fmid, for the ensuing 
^; and that William Gray, John Montgomery, Thomas Hope, elders, be 
joiiied with them, and that each member shall endeavour to bring elders with 
Ifcem, if they have occasion to meet; and that any live ministers, with the 
■oderator, shall be a quorum. 

Finding the Presbytery books are not brought. Ordered, That they be 
kroo^t next year. 

Inquiry being made who had brought money for the fund, it was found that 
Itnrs. Andrews and Cross, McHenry, Ca^cart and Alison, had brought 



Ordered, upon reading the minutes concerning the school. That the order 
if last year be continued, and every Presbytery he accountable to the Synod 
far their compliance thereunto yearly. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Andrews, Cross, McHenry, Samuel Evans, Boyd, 
imefay. Black, McDowell, Steel, Cathcart, and Griffith, be a committee and 
MBtees for the school for the ensuing year, to meet on the second Tuesday 
ff October and March. 

'• A letter from the Rev. Mr. Jonathan Dickinson being read before the Synod, 
Ordered, That Messrs. Andrews, Cross, McHenry, McDowell, Griffith, and 
he moderator, be a committee to prepare an answer to said letter by to-mor- 
IQV morning. 

Ordered, That the committee of the fund inquire into last year's determi- 
tttion with respect to the same, and make report to the Synod before this 
wssion be over. 

A letter frcHn the Honourable William Gooch, Esq*r. Governor of Virginia, 
k VMwer to our last year's address, was read in Synod, which is as fol« 
loweth: 

Gentlemen :— The address you were pleased to send me as a grateful ac- 
bowledgment for the favour which teachers of your persuasion met with in 
V^ifjpiia, was very acceptable to me, but altogether needless to a person in my 
rtttKm, because it is what by law they are entitled to. 

And in answer to your present address, intended to justify yourselves and 
Maben from being concerned in a late outrage committed against the purity 
if ear worship, and the sacred appointment of pastors for the service of the 
iltar of the established church, which some men calling themselves ministers. 
We instly accused of in my charge to the grand jury, you must suffer me to 
ay, that it very nearly affects me, because it seems to insinuate as if I was 
uncharitable as to suspect men of your education and profession could be 
(nill^ of unchristian expressions that can only tend to the increase of schism 
md ureligion, which I give you my word was far from my thoughts. 

As the wicked and destructive doctrines and practices of itinerant preachers 
logfat to be opposed and suppressed by all who have concern for religion, and 
Bst regard to public peace and order in church and state, so your missionanes 
vudocing proper testimonials, complying with the laws, and performing divine 
nvice in some certain place appropriated for that purpose, without disturbing 
he quiet and unity of our sacred and civil establishments, may be sure of the 
VOtection of. Reverend Sirs, your most humble servant, 

William Goocu. 

June 20th, 1745. Williamsburg. 
A^oomed to three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

^i thru o'clock, P. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 



1)$4 IflKUTBB 09 THB 

Mr. Biackf present this afteraoon, gare his reasons for his absence hit yt 
and his late coming this year, which were snstained. 

In purauanee of an order of the commission of the Synod, met at 
wine, Augnst SOth, 174&, Messrs. Andrews and Cross wrote to the Rev< 
President and Trustees of Yale College, a letter which is in retetUiB^ uA\ 
answer to said letter is now laid before the Synod, and the consid 
the whole affair referred to an interloquitur of the Synod. •'< 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, Alison, Evans, and Griffith, write an 
swer to said letter, and bring it in before the end of the session. 

Adjoamed till ten o'clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with piB] 

30^^ day^ at ten o* clocks A. M. Post prece» sedertmt qui 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

An answer to Mr. Dickinson^s letter, laid before us by Mr, Andrewa, wi 
brought in by the committee, and being read was unanimously approved^ ai 
is as follows: \tt 

Reverend and dear Brother:^- We had yours laid before us by Mr.Ai 
drews, and trust we can heartily join in all proper methods to promote ^ 
glory of God, the interest of Chrisfs kingdom, and welfare of the ohnthij 
in these parts, and shall readily join wiih you in remembering each other | 
the throne of grace, and praying for each other's gospel endeavours to a4 
vance religion. We are also pleased that attempts are making by yon to pi^ 
vent divisive methods. But we would desire you might communicate ls.i|| 
the plan on which you have erected yourselves, what general agreemesli yn 
brought the members under at their admission, and who are members viA 
you. When we are better acquainted with these things, we can the fliflj 
readily judge how we shaU be able to answer your desires. We can assail 
you of our regard and friendship, and our praying for the Divine blessing SS 
your person and ministerial labours. We take leave to subscribe, ReveiM 
Sir, your affectionate brethren and humble servants. Signed in the name tad 
by the order of the Synod, by jj 

Francis Alison, Moderator. «/ 

The committee appointed to bring in an answer to Mr. Clap's letter broof^ 
it in, and it was ordered that Messrs. Andrews, Gillespie, Cathcart, -Boy4 
Black, McDowell, and Steel, be a committee to revise said answer, and mabi 
report in the afternoon. 

Ordered, That the Synod finding some difficulties, the Synod resolve ind 
a committee of the whole house, to consider the affair of the fund, and all tht 
papers relating thereto, to be brought in this afternoon. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three d* clocks P, M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 
The committee appointed in the morning to revise the letter, report thit 
they approve of the substance of it; and the Synod appoint Messrs. Andrew^ 
Cross, and the moderator, to be a committee to draw a fair copy of said letttf 
and bring it to-morrow morning. 

The affair of the fund continued till to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with praysr* 

« 

31 da^f at eight of the clocks A, M. Post preces^ sederunt qui supri- 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
The committee for the letter not having finished, it's ordered, that we pro 

ceed to the affair of the fund. 

The committee for the letter to Mr. Clap brought it in, and it was ap 

proved, and is as follows, yis.: 



BYNOn 01 PHUMiaUPHIA. 18$ 

-..,• i PkU4KlMda, Mm Wik, 174A. 

V0fj R«f«mid Sir:— We received the fovour of yours ortbe 21st of No- 
laslf and acknowledge our oUigation to the President and Fellows of 
College for considering our request and expressing their readiness to 
the interest of religion and learning among us. 
We agree with you that the affair is of great importance, and are ^ftrilling to 
you to the utmost as to the plan and consdtution of our school, and 
present state of our Synod, under whose care it is. Some years ago our 
' found the interest of Christ's kingdom likely to suffer in these parts 
want of a college for die education of young men. And our supplies 
from Ekirope or New England were few in proportion to the numerous 
aes in our growing setdements. Mr. William Tennent set up a school 
UBf where some were educated, and afterwards admitted to the minis- 
w&hout sufi&cient qualifications as was judged by many of the Synod, 
'.irhat made the matter look worse, those that were educated in this pii- 
way decried the usefulness of some parts of learning that we thought very 
It was therefore agreed to try to erect a college, and apply to our 
in Britain, and Ireland, and New England, to assist us. We wrote 
Association of Boston on tiiis head, and had a very favourable answer, 
^when we were thus projecting our plan, and appointing commissioners 
tson, &c. to promote the thing, the war with Spain was proclaimed, 
pnt a stop to our proceedings then. The Synod then came to a public 
it to take all private schools where young men were educated for the 
r, so &r under their care as to appoint a committee of our Synod to 
I bH such as had not obtained degrees in the European or New Eng- 
icoUeges, and give them certificates if diey were found qualified, whidi 
to serve our Presbyteries instead of a college diploma, till better provision 
,be made. Mr. Gilbert Tennent cried out that this was to prevent his 
^8 school for training gracious men for the ministry; and he, and some 
adherents, protested against it, and counteracted this our public agree- 
admitting men to the ministry which we judged unfit for that oiffice, 
trineh coorse mey persisted in though admonished and reproved by us for 
tUk unwarrantable proceedings. While these debates subsisted, Mr. White- 
^^CUOB into the country, whom they drew into their party to encourage 
^fcbisBS. And they and he have been the sad instruments of dividing our 
cbudies. And by his interest Mr. Gilbert Tennent grew hardy enough to 
^Aaat Synod he would oppose their design of getting assistance to erect a 
.iMege wherever we should make applicationi and would maintain young men 
■this fother^s school iu opposition to us. This, with his and his adherent's 
divisive practices, obliged the Synod to exclude him and others of his stamp, 
fiwB their communion. In this situation our affairs grew worse ; for our va* 
caieiaB were numerous, and we found it hard in such trouble to engage gen- 
i—ien either from New England or Europe to come among us, as our best 
ftisads in those places could recommend as steadfast in the faith, and men of 

Kand education. Upon this the Synod erected a school in the year 1744. 
IS agreed that the said school should be opened under the inspection of 
ihe Synod, where the languages, philosophy, and divinity should be taught 
^JMis, to all that should comply with the regulation of the school, being per-* 
SQH of good character and behiaiviour. They appointed a master end tutor for 
Ui business, who were to be paid by such contributions as the Synod could 
obtain for this purpose; and agreed, from year to year to appoint trustees to 
■Kt twice a year to inspect Sie master's diligence and method of teacliing, 
who direct what authors are chiefly to be read in the several brandies of learn-' 
ing, to examine tlic scholars as to their proficiency and good conduct, and ap- 
ply the money procured to such uses as tliey judge proper, and who order all 
16* 



185 MINUTBS OF THK 

afiaira relating unto the achool. And die tnuteea are yearly to be aoeonnnUi 
to the Synod, and to make report of their proceedings, and the state of di 
school. And it is agreed, that after said scholars pass the coarse of ttodiii 
prescribed them, they shall be publicly examined by the said tmsteen, and airii 
ministers as the Synod shall think fit to appoint, and if approved receive tBi 
timonials of their approbation, and without such testimonials none* of the Vtm 
byteries under the care of our Synod shall improve any of our scholars in $M 
ministry. From this narrative you see how narrow our foundation ts, ui 
yet how necessary it was that we should do something of this nature to jmn 
vent our being overrun with ignorance and confusion. You see how we lula 
been straitened by the endeavours of some that belonged to our body, whO'Jl 
their zeal have spoken diminutively of all the reformed churches, and o ndUl 
▼oured to pour contempt on colleges and universities. We hope, theretab 
you will enable us to make a stand against those evils, and to be united wik 
you in this grand design, is one reason of our present application. We ell 
with pleasure inform you that our poor undertaking has been so blessed If 
Providence as to exceed our expectations. Several ministers and gentlenfei 
have helped us to books to begin a library ; and we hope that in time we my 
obtain assistance from England, Ireland, and elsewhere, to enable as to fooal 
a college, though the troubles of the times hinder our application at ptessBl. 
We have not obtained a charter as yet, but have reason to hope we awypfo- 
cure one if there be occasion, fiut have another way judged broorbMl 
lawyers a good foundation to secure donations, by appointing tiustees and oih 
liging them to give declarations of trust. We have also, belonging to cm 
Syn^, a considerable fund for public uses, but have no occasion hi therlOf to 
apply any of it to the use of the school, being otherwise supplied. Wfcii 
hath been said may satisfy you that our school is under such regulatioa ae 
does as nearly correspond with yours as our present circumstances will 9i^ 
mit ; but we shall readily make any amendments that you desire if it be in 
our power. We are obliged to admit boys to read grammar, but are deter- 
mined to recommend none but such as have made a good proficiency in the 
languages, and are in some measure acquainted with the usual course of stody 
in the arts and sciences now used in the British colleges, though we freely ae* 
knowledge our vast disadvantages, especially in natural philosophy, and wiD 
cheerfully agree, as far as our circumstances will permit, that the same, or 
generally the same, authors, on the krts and sciences be taught in our school 
as are used by you; and would gladly be favoured with a particular accoiBt 
of them. The time of stay with you which you mention, and the expemeSi 
we think reasonable ; yet, as learning is not in the same esteem in this govtctt 
ment as in New England, we beg all the indulgence your constitution can 
allow us, lest parents grudge expenses if they run high. We heartily agi« 
that our scholars be examined by the President and Fellows, and be treile^ 
only according to their proficiency ; that they be obliged to bring recomm^ 
dations from our Synod, or trustees of the school, and shall claim no preee 
dency in your classes, nor the privilege of freshmen, but what are consisten 
with the good order of your college. Nor do we plead any such privilegi 
for any but the inhabitants of Pennsylvania, or the parts that are as far dii 
tant from New Haven, and are educated under our care, and have synodid 
recommendations. We further assure you, that improving in the ministr 
such scholars as yon expelled, has been as offensive to us as to you. An 
those which joined with the Tenncnts and their party in this afiair, as we ui 
derstand, have withdrawn from our synodical communion, and joined wil 
them entirely under the denomination of the Synod of New York. As to tl 
Synod's constitution, we are unanimously agreed in the same plan in evei 
respect on which we constituted, and continued in our most flourishing ci 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 187 

eonurtances; so we are, to a man, dissatisfied with the late divisive practioes, 
lad would soon* we hope* be in a flourishing state again had we ministeis to 
rsopply our vacancies. We excluded from synodical communiony as we re- 
varked already, the four Tennents, Blair, Craighead, (who is since turned a 
-rigid Covenanter, or Cameronian,) Treat, and Mr. Wales. These, especially 
& Tennents, Blair, and Treat, being the ringleaders of our divisions, and. 
die destroyers of good learning and gospel order among us ; and they, with 
a few others that joined with them, erected themselves into a separate body, 
- and licensed and ordained men for the work of the ministry that were gene- 
nlly ignorant, and warm in the divisive scheme, and they have troubled Vir- 
iiflnia, and the New Enghsh government, and as we are informed, pretend that 
• Bev belong to our body. But we can assure you, that Mr. Gilbert Tennent, 
. wi his adlierents, were disowned as members, and excluded communion, be- 
fae his famous tour through the churches of New England. Some of our 
kethren of New York Presbytery, whom we esteem and regard, particularly 
Messrs. Dickinson, Pierson, and Pemberton, have always as freely, till lately, 
Uamed those practices as any of us ; but now, through some unhappy bias, 
mt become warm advocates for them, and blaming our method of excluding 
them* have for two or three years past laboured to procure them seats among 
«i without acknowledging their faults in dividing our churches, and promis- 
flMT amendment before we receive them again. And we believe that their par- 
wity for these men mi^ht occasion them to join in encouraging some of your 
disorderly scholars, which we are far from vindicating. When these gentle- 
msn eould not succeed in their attempt to bring in Uiose itinerants without 
admowledging their faults, as we said, they withdrew from the Synod, de- 
ckring that they had no oUier ground to do so but our excluding those mem- 
beis in a way they disliked; and last September they erected themselves into 
s Synod, which goes under the name of the Synod of New York. And we 
Ittre now before us a letter desiring correspondence with them, by receiving 
two or three of their members to sit with us yearly, and sending as many to 
ihem. They also propose that we should every third year meet in some con- 
VBnient place, by delegates, to order public affairs for the glory of God, and 
good of the church. The proposals seem fair, but till these dividers of our 
chinches, and who chiefly make up that body, declare against the late divisive, 
uneharitable practices ; till they show us in what way they intend to have their 
youth educated for the ministry, and be as ready to discourage all such me- 
Aods of bringing all good learning into contempt as the shepherd^s tent, we 
lUl be shy to comply with their proposals. Thus, sir, we have given you 
a just account both of the Synod and school at present, by which you may 
indeiBtand the difiiculties we labour under; and we doubt not but your sin- 
sere desire to promote the interest of religion and learning among us will in- 
dine you to do all in your power for our help and encouragement. You wUl 
be pleased to communicate this to the corporation, and if they think fit to take 
lay notice of it, we will depend on them to favour us with an answer. We 
boirtily wish the Divine blessing on your labours in the ministry, and in 
tnining up youth for that sacred work, and pray that your college may flourish 
and become more and more a blessing, not only to New England, but the 
seighbonring colonies, and we beg leave to assure you that to maintain a 
Christian, friendly correspondence with you will be a great pleasure to, very 
Reverend Sir, your aflectionate brethren, and humble servants. 

Ordered, That the Presbytery of New Castle inquiie before our next to 
whom the Synod shall pay what remains of the money promised to Wilming- 
ton, and give the person to whom they judge it due, an order on the Synod 
for it. 
Ordered, That Messrs. Andrews and Cross write to all persons indebted to 



IS8 IfflniTEBOFTHB 

the fond to pay their respectiTe 01111189 <Mr renew their bonds for the avne^ b^ 
fare oar next. 

Adjoomed to the fourth Wednesday of May next, at three o'dock* dW* 
noon. Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod of Philadelphia met, according to appointment, 

May the 27th, 1747. Ubi post preees, sederunt qui iupm 

Of Donegall Presbytery: Messrs. Adam Boyd, and Richard Zanchy. 

New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Robert Cathcart, Francis Alison, Akit 
ander McDowell, Timothy Griffith, and John SteeL 

Philadelphia Presbytery: Messrs. Robert Cross, David CoweU, FVuii 
McHenry, Samuel Evans. 

Absent from Donegall Presbytery: Messrs. John Thomson, Samuel BhAi 
John Elder, Samuel Thomson, John Craig, and Samuel Caven. 

Absent from New Castle Presbytery : Mr. George Gillespie. 

Absent from Philadelphia Presbytery: Messrs. David Evans, Daniel El- 
mer, and John Guild. 

Since our last were ordained, by Donegall Presbytery, Mr. David Tbqin; 
and by New Casde, Messrs. John Dick, John Hamilton, and Hector ABmp* 

Elders: John Henderson, William Whiteside, John M. Even, John ML 
Michael, William Finney, William Gillespie, Thomas James, John WiDiaiif^ 
son, Joshua Hill, John Cross, William Ramsey, and Nathaniel Bryan. 

The Synod was opened by Mr. Francis Alison, with a sermon from 1 Col 
iv. 1, 2. 

Mr. Alexander McDowell chosen moderator, and Mr. John Dick cbosa 
derk. 

Ordered, That the minutes of our last be read. 

Mr. Andrews was removed by death since our last. 

The Governor being to embark for England the Synod concluded to present 
him an address. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

28th day^ at nine d* clocks A. M, Ubi post preces, sederunt qui suprC' 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Ordered, That last year's minutes be read. 

The affair of absent members to be considered. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, McHenry, CoweU, Boyd, Zanchy, Thorn* 
Griffith, Cathcart, Alison, Steel, Dick, and Uie moderator, be the commissioti 
of the Synod, and committee for the fund for the following year, and that the 
following elders, Messrs. John Cross, Thomas James, William Gillespie, be 
joined with them for the committee for the fund, and that any six of saidcom^ 
mission, and the moderator, shall be a quorum. 

Ordered, That last year's commission of the Synod, and committee for 
die fund, lay their minutes before us in the afternoon. 

Ordered, That Messrs. John Steel, and Hamilton, examine Philadelphia 
Presbytery book. 

New Casde Presbytery are found remarkably guilty of neglecting to bring 
their Presbytery book to the Synod. Ordered, that they bring it to our next 

Donegall Presbytery not having their book, ordered, tiiat they bring it to 
our next. 

Inquiry being made who had brought money to the fund, it is found tliat 
there is none brought by any of the members but Messrs. Cross, McHenry, 
Alison, Gillespie, and McDowell. 

Ordered, That that affair be examined at our next sederunt. 






 






8YN<yD OP PmLAKLPHlA. 189 

'OriMefl, Thst the affair relating to the school bo ooatiderad at onr next 
HiiTunit and that it be inquired whether the tniBtees attended aooording to 
appointment. 

The affair of Wilmington decided. 

Upon considering the distance of the brethren in the back parts of Virginia, 

we think it is necessary that we should know the state of that church that are 

under our care, though at a distance from us; and, therefore, it is ordered, 

^t at least one of these brethren shall every year attend us, that we may 

bsTB the pleasure of knowing the state of Christ^B kingdom among them, and 

tint we may keep Synodical communion in reality and not in name only, and 

«dered, that Messrs. McHenry, and Zanchy write them a letter to acquaint 

ihem with the mind of the Synod in said affair. 

Adjoomed to ^ree o*clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

^t three o* clocks P. Af. Ubipost precee^ sederunt qui ntpra. 

Mr. Gillespie now present. 

Ordered, The minutes of our last be read. 

Hie Presbytery of Philadelphia represented to the Synod, the destitate 
eondition of the people of Tredyffryn, by Mr. Samuel Evans' relinquishing 
'I the pastoral charge mere, and earnestly desiring that the Synod would appoint 
') Mr. TimothyOriffith to supply them as much as shall be thought proper. 

Ordered, That Mr. Griffith supply that people on Sabbath next, and one 
9aaSay every month until our next, unless they be otherwise supplied; and 
that the Presbytery of New Casde excuse him from supplying other vacancies 
*] dnzinff that time. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the commission be read. 

Ordered, That Mr. Alison use all endeavours to recover what is due to the 
Synod by the estate of Mr. Anderson. 

Upon a supplication from Mrs. Tennent to the Synod, desiring that the 
interest of the money due from her husband's estate, should be remitted: 
The Synod agreed to remit eight pounds on condition the rest be paid on 
demand, and without further trouble or delay. 

Acyonmed till to-morrow at ten o'clock. Concluded with prayer. 

29 day at ten o^chck, A. M. Ubi post prece$ sederunt qiti supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of our last be read. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross and Cathcart wait on the governor with the 
87iiod*s address half an hour after twelve. 
The affair of the fund reassumed. 

Ordered, That Mr. Cross use all care to get the bond paid which is due to 
the Synod by Moor and Cunningham, and also what is due by Mr. Gelston, 
before the next meeting of the Synod. 

Ordered, That the committee of the fund take care of what is yet to be done 
befan the breaking up of the Synod. * 

Ordered, That Mr. Cross take care of the Synod's books and be treasurer. 
The a£^ of the school reassumed. Ordered, That a committee be ap- 
pointed to consider what may be proper for its advantage before our next 
iedtrunt, and that Messrs. Boyd, McHenry, Griffith, McDowell, and Alison, 
be the committee. 

A pftper containing some scruples concerning the present method of admin- 
iatmttoa of the Lord's Supper, being brouffht in by Mr. McDowell: 

Ordered, That a committee be appointed to consider said paper, and to bring 
in an overture upon it, and that Messrs. Gillespie, Zanchy, Steel, Hamilton, 



'-I 



199 MimiTXB OP THE 

Thorn, Nathaniel Brjrana, John Hendenon, John MeEfen« John WfaiMi 
and William Gillespie, be the committee. 
Adjoomed till two o'clock. , Concluded with prayer. 

At two o^dockt F. M. Uin po$t preees tederuni qui BUprtL^ 
Fomid that Mr. David Co well absented widiout Synodical leave. 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last Mederunt be read. 
The Synod's address to the governor was presented and accepted. 
An overture by the committee for the school was brought in and agreed 
as follows: 

1. That the Synod endeavour to pay the arrears now due out of the liiiii 

2. That every Presbytery recommend it to their respective memben Id I 
careful to raise collections among their people for the use of the school, ia 
inquire at the meetings of the several members' conduct therein, and give a 
account thereof to the Synod at our next meeting, and that such as suppi 
vacancies be industrious to obtain contributions from them, and that such ooi 
ffregations as contribute to the support of the school, shall be that year fiee 
Arom contributing to the fund as usual. 

A letter from me Rev. Mr. Clap, President of Yale College, and Fellowi 
was laid before the Synod, and it was ordered, that Messrs. Cross, Alim 
and the moderator, write an answer. 

The conmiittee appointed to consider the paper brought in by Mr. McDen 
ell, returned the following overture : 

That we, the committee which was appointed to briug in an overture o 
the paper of scruples, concerning the present manner of administering tb 
Lora's Supper, laid before the Synod ; being satisfied that said scruples $t 
of such importance as require much deliberation, do therefore humbly offer t 
the Synod, that a copy of said scruples be transmitted by Mr. McDowdl ti 
each Presbytery, to be communicated to every particular session, and irliei 
considered both in sessions and Presbyteries, ^t each Presbytery lay tbei 
juc^nnents before the Synod against our next 

Ordered, That the commission of the Synod be the committee for Ai 
school, to meet the second Wednesdays of October and March, and &at fin 
of them and the moderator, be a quorum, as the commission of the Synod 
and that they then examine Mr. Israel Reid, and give him a certificate if hi 
be approved. 

Ordered, The committee of the fund meet to-morrow morning at niiv 
o'clock, at Mr. Cross's. 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May next. 

Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod met at Philadelphia according to appointment. 

May 25/A, 1 748. . Ubi post preces tederwU, 

Ministers of the Presbjrtery of Philadelphia: Messrs. Robert Cross, Fiai 
ciB McHenry, John Guild. Absent: Messrs. David Evans, David Cowd 
and Daniel Elmer. 

Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. Adam Boyd, John Elder, Richard Zanoh; 
and David Thom. Absent: Messrs. John Thomson, Samuel Thomson, Jol 
Craig, and Samuel Caven. 

Newcastle Presbytery: Messrs. Francis Alison, Alexander McDowei 
John Steel, John Hamilton, Hector Alison, Timothy Griffith, and Dav 
Brown. Absent: Messrs. George Gillespie, and Robert Cathcart. 

Elders: Messrs. Robert Mathies, John ManiUee, Alexander Rodm 
Robert Taylor, William Cunningham, James Snodgrass, John Soot, Jo) 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 191 

InMBont John GaUwelU Nathanid Williams, Thomas 'Jones, GiUbelcber 
"arker. 

The Synod was opened by a sennon from PsaL cxxxvii« 6. by Mr. Alex- 
ffldcr McDowell. 

Bfij John Elder chosen moderator, and Mr. Steel clerk. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

May 26, the Sjfnod nut according to adjournment. Ubi pout preces 
tederunt qtn ntpra. 

Ordered, The minutes of our last be read. 

Messrs. Gillespie's and Cathcart's absence excused. 
,. Oidered, The minutes of our last year's Synod be read. 
; Messrs. Elder*s and Guild's absence excused. 
 Since our last Mr. John Dick was removed by death. 
. Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, McHenry, Guild, Francis Alison, McDowell, 
Gnffith, Boyd, Zanchy, and Thorn, be the commission and committee for the 
bd for the following year, and that the following elders, Messrs. Robert 
Ibthies, Alexander Kogers, John Scot, be joined with them for the com- 
Dittee for the fund, and that any five of said commission, with the moderator, 
k a quorum. 

Ordered, Mr. Alison and the moderator examine Philadelphia Presbytery 
)oak. 

The Presbytery of New Castle declared that in pursuance to the Synod's 
■der, have appointed at several times men to prepare their book for the Synod, 
At these members found such difficulties that they have not yet said book in 
>Rfer order. The Presbytery promises to endeavour tliat it shall be ready 
funst our next. 

Ordered, That Messrs. McHenry and Guild examine Donegall Presbytery 

Oidered, That the Presbytery books be brought to our next iedenmt. 

Inquiry being made who had brought money for the fund, it was found that 
looe brought but Messrs. Robert Cross, McHenry, and Francis Alison. 

The affair of the School referred. 

Ordered, That the Presbytery of Donegall write to Virginia, to let the mi- 
Men know that we expect one of their members yearly to attend our Synod, 
tst we may know the state of their churches. 

Ordered, That Mr. Timothy Griffith supply Tredryffrin once in the two 
ontfis, unless they can be otherwise supplied; and if New Castle Presbytery 
in procure supplies for the vacancies, he is appointed to supply them once a 
onth as formerly, and that he be exempted from any other supplies. 
The Synod recommends to Philadelphia Presbytery to allow 'I'redryfTrin as 
my supplies as they can. 

Ordered, That Mr. Alison continue his endeavours to recover what is due 
the Synod by Mr. Anderson's estate. 

Ordered, That Mr. Cross take care to recover the debts due to our fund by 
BBire. Grelston and Cunningham. 
The affair of the scruples referred. 
Adjourned to four o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At four 0* clocks P. M. Ubi post preeetj sederunt qtd supra. 
Ordered, The minutes of the last be read. 
Ordered, The Presbytery book brought in at our next sederunt. 
The affair of the school continued. 
The affair of the scruples continued. 
la fnirsaance to a supplicati<m fiom Virginia, the Synod appointsy that one 



igU lONUTEBOPTHE 

minister be sent in the iall and another in the epringt to preach in the bfc 
parts of Virginia each eight Sabbaths, and that such members be exempted^ 
an other members of the S3mod do the same, and that said ministers' congn 
gations be supplied during their absence, one half of the time by their re^o 
tive Presbytery. 

Ordered, That Mr. Richard Zanchy supply eight Sabbaths in the back part 
of Virginia this fall; and that Mr. Steel supply eight weeks in the spring, an 
return before next Synod. 

It is also recommended to the Presbytery of Donegall,to send their supj^ 
to Virginia as often as they can conveniently. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

May 27, nine o'clock^ A, M. Ubi post preces aedertmtf qui Mupn. 

Mr. David Brown, a minister of the gospel from North Britain, being id^ 
mitted a member of the Presbytery of New Castle, took his place among m. 

Ordered, The minutes of our last be read. 

The Presbytery of Philadelphia have not brought in their book. 

The Synod on serious consideration, finding that the salaries appointed for 
master and usher of the public school, were not sufficient encouragemeDt, 
order, that the master be allowed forty founds, and the usher twenty pounds 
per annum, which salaries are to be raised by collections from the sevenl 
congre^tions, whether enjoying the stated ordinances or vacant, and by les^ 
ing each scholar twenty shUlings per annum, only allowing the committee 
for said school to exempt such scholars as they shall think proper; and if 
these two methods will not answer the above demands, the remainder is tote 
paid out of the yearly interest of the Synod's fund. 

The affair of the scruples referred. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Jit three o'clock^ P. M. Ubi post preces^ sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, The minutes of our last be read. 

Ordered, That Messrs. McHenry, Cross, Thom, Boyd, Griffith, McDow- 
ell, Cathcart, Hector Alison, Hamilton, and Steel, be a committee for the 
school, to meet the second Tuesday of October. 

In pursuance to an order of the Synod to the several Presbyteries and See* 
sions thereunto belonging, to consider some scruples conceniing the manner 
of administering the sacrament of the Lord's Supper amongst us, offered by * 
member to the Synod for his own satisfaction, in order to the being prepared 
to give their opinion of them at the next meeting of the Synod. Accordingly 
the Synod having heard, and seriously considered, what was offered by the 
several Presbyteries, and several members finding that the scnipler was not 
fully satisfied by what was offered, judge it most expedient to leave said 
scrupler to act in that affair as he shall think most for the glory of God and 
the edification of his congregation. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet at nine o'clock to-morrow, 
or Monday, about that affair, and that they make a return of what they do^ at 
the next meeting of the Synod, viz. the fourth Wednesday of May next 

Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod met at Philadelphia, according to appointment. 

May the 24(A, 1749. Ubi post preces, sederunt qui supm. 

Ministers of Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. Boyd, Elder, Thomson, anc 
Tate. Absent: Messrs. Zanchy and Caven. 

New Castle: Messrs. Cathcart, Alison, Steel, and Griffith. Absent: Messrs 
Gillespie, McDowell, Aliaon, and Hamilton. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 103 

Philadelphui: Mesara. Crosfl, MeHenryy Cowell, and Guild. Absent: 
Measn. David Eyaiui and Elmer. 

Elders: William Evring, James Morrison, James Moor, Robert King, An- 
drew Bogss, William Lindsay, George Amie, John Williamson, Thomas 
James, and Robert Mathews. 

Mr. Griffith chosen moderator, and Mr. Guild clerk. 

The Synod was opened by Mr. John Elder, with a sermon from 1 Cor. 

IT. L 

Ordered, The minutes of our last be read. 

A proposal for peace and an union between the Synod of New York and 

: diis Synod, was brought in by Messrs. John Pierson, Gilbert Tennent, Ebe- 

f mer Pemberton, and Aaron Burr, which was taken into consideration, and 

\ 4e Svnod resolved itself into a committee for this purpose, to meet to-morrow 

noramg, at nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

May the2^th^ at nine o'clock, A. M. Ubi post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The Synod meet according to adjournment. 

Ordered, The minutes of our last be read. 

Al^med to four o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

May 25, at four o'clock^ P. M. Ubi postpreces, sederunt qui supra. 
' Ordered, The minutes of our last be read. 

Hie delegates from the Synod of New York having conferred with us for 
•ome time upon their plan for an union, and having given us some hopes that 
Mr great ground of complaint may be removed, me Synod resolved to leave 
the further consideration of tliis affair to a commission of our Synod, who are 
to prepare materials to be laid before both Synods at their next meeting, that 
we may come to a final determination, and the Synod orders that a copy of 
their plan and confession be laid before every Presbytery, and that every 
member, if possible, be consulted on this head, and that every Presbytery 
offer what else they think necessary, in order to answer that valuable end, 
Hid give it in charge to the delegates which are to meet with these brethren. 

Oraered, That Mr. Griffith write a letter to Mr. Thomson, in Virginia, on 
this head. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Boyd, Elder, Thom, Cross, Cowell, McHenry, 
ABlon, Cathcart, and the moderator, be a commission to treat with these gen- 
tlflmen at Trenton, the first Wednesday of October, and that the cler^ in^rm 
Mr. Gilbert Tennent of the time and place appointed. 

The affair of the Great Valley referred. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

May 26, at nine o'clock, A. M. Ubi post preces, sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, The minutes of our last 4)0 read. 

Ordered, That last year's minutes be read. 

The Presbjrtery of Donegall report that they have ordained Mr. Josepli 
Tate since our last, having adopted the Westminster Confession of Faith, 
and Catechisms, according to the order of this Synod. 

Mr. David Brown returned to Scotland since our last. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, McHenry, Cowell, Guild, Catlicart, Ali- 
son, McDowell, Steel, Boyd, Elder, and Thom, be a commission of the 
S3niod, and committee for the fund, for the following year, and that Robert 
Mathews, George Currie, Thomas James, and William Lindsay, be joined as 
elders, and that any five of said number, with the moderator, be a quorum. 

Oidered, Messrs. Cross and Boyd to revise New Castie Presbytery book. 

Donegall Presbytery book not brought to Synod. 
17 



194 umom Of tibb 

Ordered, That Memsn. Alison and TalB lefuie the PresbTtfliy Vookiot 
PhUadelphia. ^ 

MesarB. Cross and Alison brought money to the fond. 

The affair of the school referred. ''' 

Ordered, That Mr. Timothy Griffith supply Tredryfrin as often as heM 
till our next. 

Mr. Francis Alison informs that he has receiyed some part of the debt id 
to our fund by Mr. Anderson's estate, and that his attorney reports that it ii 
put on a proper footing to recover it to (Rir satisfaction in some years. 

The order to Mr. Cross to recover the sum due to our fund by Mr. Gdsloi 
and Caningham, is continued. 

The order to supply the inhabitants of Virginia by two missionaries, triv 
are to be oiit eight weeks each of them, every year, continued. 

Messrs. Zanchy and Steel have supplied them according to our orders. 

Ordered, That Mr. Joseph Tate go out eieht Sabbaths to Virginia this fiQ 
and Mr. McHenry as many in the spring, and that their respective Presbjrterie 
take care to supply their congregations in their absence, the one-half of the tOH 

The affair of the fund referred till our next. 

Mr. Alison requested that he might be allowed to join with the Presbjrto] 
of Philadelphia, the consideration whereof is deferred till our next Bederiad. 

Mr. Cross requested supplies for his congregation for some Sabbaths, till i 
please God that he recover his health again. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Jit three o^cloekf P. M. Ubi post preees^ eedenrnt qui wpn. - 

Ordered, The minutes of our last be read. 

The affair of the school taken into consideration, and after a due inquii] 
into the state of it, the Synod unanimously came to the following resoln 
tion, viz. 

That the Synod will allow Mr. Alison thirty pounds per annum for teach 
ing, and they shall be allowed the privilege to exempt any scholars from psty 
ing, that the trustees of the school judge unable to bear the expenses of eoQ 
cation, and that he be allowed in aU omer respects to demand and receive u 
much for all others as he thinks fit, or is usual for teachings and that the com 
mittee appointed last year shall meet the second Wednesday in March, aw 
visit the school 

The affair of the fund deferred till to-morrow morning. 
. Mr. Cross desired that his congregation might be supplied by the Synod tS 
he recovered his health. 

Ordered, That Mr. Guild supply the first Sabbath in June, Mr. Cowcl 
the second, Mr. Alison the third, and Mr. Cathcart the fourth, Mr. Steel th< 
next, and that Mr. Cross or his congregation be allowed a discretionary powe: 
to invite any other of the brethren till the commission meets in the fall. 

A^oumed till the fourth Wednesday of May next. Concluded with prayer 

May 23(f, 1750. 
The Synod met according to acyoumment, and several members being es 
peeled who are not yet come, the Synod chose to defer entering on busines 
till to-morrow morning, at nine o*clock. Concluded with prayer. 

May 24, at nine o'cloeh -<^* M. Ubi post preces^ sederunt qui tupri 
The Synod met according to adjournment. 

Donegall Presbytery: Messrs. John Thomson, Boyd, Elder, Zaneh} 
Craig, Caven, and Tate. 



SYNOD OF PHILA0BLPHIA. 195 

Piesbytery: MeMii. Crow, Cowell, Ouildy McHemyt and 

Bmer. 

New Castle Presbytery: Messrs. Cathcart, Alison, McDowell, Griffith* 
Steel, Hamilton, and Hector Alison. 

Elders: Thomas Hope, Arthur Foster, William Watson, William Sherron, 
John Cross, Robert McKnight, William Neill, William Gillespie, Thomas 
Janes, James Glasgow, Ephraim Wilson, James McUvaine, Daniel Ogden, 
aid William Scot. 
Absent from Donegall Presbytery':Hir. Samuel Thomson and Black. 
From Philadelphia: Mr. Evans. 
From New Castle : Mr. Gillespie. 
• Mr. Steel chosen moderator, and Mr. Tate clerk. 
The Sjmod was opened with a sermon on Rom. xiv. 10, by Mr. Griffith. 
Ordered, That the minutes of our last be read. 
1 Mr. Thom is deceased since our last. 

\ Messrs. Zanchy and Caven's absence excused for reasons. Messrs. Gil- 
I kagm\ McDowell's, Hamilton's, and Alison's reasons for their absence sus< 
lUDed. 

The commissioners appointed to treat with the delegates from the Synod 
ef New York, met with them at Trenton the first Wednesday of October, 
iad inform us, that after some time spent, they could do nothing further to 
noeore a union till the meeting of both S3mo(i8, by reason of some of the 
brethren of the S3n[iod of New York, concerning the explication of their own 
phn, which they had offered to this S3mod, upon which it was unanimously 
tKRiedy that every member of both Synods should study peace and friendship, 
iBd that the brethren of York Synod should communicate whatever other pro- 
posal they think necessary for procuring a union to us at the next synodi- 
ed meeting, by Mr. Hazard, and that we should send them our answer by 
the same gentleman. 

We find that Mr. Gilbert Tennent has delivered to Mr. Cross the copy of 
aainale of the Synod of New York, at their sessions in Maidenhead, May 
As 17th, 1750, which is laid before us, and is as follows: 
^ The eoDsideration of the union being reassumed, according to the conclu- 
lioii of the commissioners of both Synods, the Synod is sorry that they can- 
Mtt proceed to make further proposals at this time, through the absence of last 
year's clerk, and by that means the want of the minutes and the copy of the 
famer plan, but stUl profess their design to enter upon the affair of the union 
It their next sessions, and in the mean time to maintain a spirit of candour 
and fiiendship. 

Ordered^ That a copy of this minute be sent to the Rev. Mr. Gilbert Ten- 
nent, who is hereby appointed to deliver it to the Synod of Philadelphia, at 
the beginning of their next session. 

A true copy. 

Test Thomas Arthur, Clerk. 
The Synod having considered the report of the commissioners, and the 
ninnte of the Synod of New York, which was laid before them, are sorry a 
thing so mnch desired by us could not be prosecuted as our brethren of the 
Synod of New York intended, but expecting that^ve shall at their next synodi- 
cal meeting, have our expectations answered, by such proposals as shall effec- 
toally promote union, shall heartily join with them in the mean time in pur- 
sQing such measures as shall promote candour and friendship. 

Ordered, That a copy of this minute be given to the Rev. Mr. Gilbert 
Tennent. 
The affair of the Great Valley referred. 
Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, McHenry, Cowell, Cathcart, Boyd% Gtiffift^^ 



195 immjTBDFTHE 

Fnnds Alisoii, McDowell, Tate, and the modentor, be the comaMm 

the Synod for ihe ensumg year, and the committee for the fimd, and that) 
five be a quoram, if called by the moderator, and that John Cross, Tfaoi 
James, and William Neal, be joined as elders in the afiair of the fiind. 

New Castle Presbytery book not here. 

Ordered, That the Presbyterial books be brought to our next Synod. 

The following brethren brought money for the fund, Messrs. Elder, G 
Tate, Cross, Alison, McDoweU, Steel, and Hamilton. 

The order on Mr. Cross with respect to the sum due by Messrs. Ge 
and Cuningham, continued. 

Messrs. McHenry and Tate fulfilled their appointments in Vii^ia. 

Ordered, That Mr. Griffith supply the back inhabitants in Virginia, ' 
Sabbaths this fisdl, and that Mr. Samuel Thomson supply them eight Sabi 
in the spring, and as much more as he can. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

M three o^ clocks P. M. Ubi post preeea, sederunt qui si 

Ordered, That the minutes of our last be read. 

The affair of the Great Valley referred. 

The affair of the school and fund referred. 

The congregation of the Great Valley is remitted to the care of the Pn 
tery of Philadelphia, and that Mr. Griffith supply said congregation a 
quendy as possible. 

Upon reading, a supplication from Brown Meeting-house in Virginia 
Synod appoint a committee to meet on the place, viz. Messrs. John Tl 
son. Black, and Griffith, and that the^ or any two of them, shall endet 
to regulate that, and all other such afiairs as shall come before them. 

The Synod resolved into a committee of the whole house. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

May the 25M, Jl. M. Ubi post preceSj sederunt qid supt 

Ordered, That the minutes of our last be read. 

An affair concerning promises of marriage between and a young 

man being laid before the Synod by the Pr^bytery of New Castle, the S; 
on the consideration thereof, and because  desired, on some account 
be loosed from said obligation, and it was found the young woman scru 
the lawfulness of their being loosed from said obligation, the first qucstioi 
in the affair was, Whether a single man and woman having promised 
riage to each other, may lawfully agree again to release each other fron 
promise; and after mature deliberation, the Synod resolved the case, tl 
was lawful, nemine contradicenie. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Thomson and Cathcart, go with — to the y 
woman, in order to acquaint her with the Synod's opinion to endeavo 
issue that affair. 

— being called before the Synod and asked, whether he had promis 
this young woman marriage, he acknowledged he had, and that he was c 
ble in entering into such rash and unwarrantable methods of engaging. 

The question was put ceiisure or not, and it was carried censure. 

Adjourned till three o'clock P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Three o'clock^ P. M. Ubi post preces^ sederunt qui supi 
Ordered, That the minutes of our last be read. 
The affair of — reassumed. 

Another question was put, what censure is to be infiicted upon him ft 
misconduct in the above mentioned " ' 



SYNOD OF PHILAIIELPHIA. : ig7 



K And after flerioufl oonndentionaiid much reaBoniiiff on thin head, the Synod 
yttoe to a lesolutioD, that a rebuke before the Sjmod waa necessary to show 
mr detestation of such rash proceedings in young people. And that Mr. John 
Thomson admonish him. 

— being called, the minute in respect to his affair was read and he ceu- 
nred acoordmgly, to which he submitted. 

' The Synod being informed, that two young men were ready to offer them- 
•dfes to examination by the Synod or committee, according to the act, Messrs. 
Aomson, Elder, Zanchy, Cross, McHenry, Guild, McDowell, Steel, and 
Cathcart, were appointed to meet here to-morrow morning at six o'clock, to 
iiomine them, and that as many of the other brethren as think fit may 
I Attend. 
> The afikir of the fund and school continued. 

Adjourned till nine, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Mw 26, nine o^chckf A. M. Ubi pott preeeSf sederunt qtd mpra. 
Ordered, The minutes of the last be read. 

The committee appointed to examine the candidates attended according to 
ajypointment, and report to the Synod that they approve of them. 
Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May next. 
Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

Mty 22df 1751. Ubi post preces sedemnt^ 

Members of Donegall Presbytery: Messrs. Boyd, folder, Black, and Tate. 
Ahsent: John Thomson, Zanchy, S. Thomson, and Craig. 

Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Cross and McHenry. Absent: Messrs. 
Ehner, Cowell, and Guild. 

New Castle Presbytery: Messrs. Cathcart, Francis Alison, Steel, Hector 
ilison, and Griffith. Absent: Messrs. Gillespie, McDowell, and Hamilton. 

Elders: Messrs. Andrew Wilson, William Armstrong, David Craig, Robert 
Hathews, John McMichael, George Currie, Andrew Porter, James McDyaine, 
Thomas James, and William Ramsey. 

Mr. Robert Cross chosen moderator, and Mr. Hector Alison Clerk. 

The Synod was opened by a sermon on I Cor. iv. 2, by Mr. John Steel. 

Oidered, The minutes of our last be read. 

Mr. Samuel Caven is deceased since our last, and likewise Mr. David 

Elans. 

The affair of Mr. Samuel Evans referred. 

The affair of the union referred. 

Ordered, That Messrs. McHenry, Cowell, Cathcart, Boyd, Griffith, Elder, 
Aineis Alison, McDowell, Tate, and the moderator, be the commission of 
the Synod for the ensuing year, and be the committee for the fund, and that 
fear with the moderator be a quorum; and that Robert Mathies, George 
Coiiie, and William Armstrong, be joined in the affair of the fund. 

Ordered, The Presbyteries' books be brought to the next Synod. 

Inquiry being made who had brought money for the fund, the following 
!>rethren brought: Messrs. Boyd, Tate, Cross, Cathcart, Alison, and Steel. 

Ordered, That Mr. Cross write to Lewistown, to put them in mind of their 
iuty concerning the fund. 

Mr. Elder's affair referred. 

The affair of the school referred. 

The order on Mr. Cross with respect to the sums due by Messrs. Gelston 
ittd Coningham, be continued* 

Adjoamed till nine o'clock in the morning. Concluded with prayer. 



jgg MINDTBi OP TBS 

JMby 28, nine o'dw*, A If. UbipoUpre^tederuniqmmf* 

Ordered, Tne minutes of our^last be fead« 

The ^air of Mr. Samael Evans continued. 

The aflfair of the union continued. 

Mr. Elder's affair continued. 

The affair of the school continued. 

Mr. Griffith fulfilled his appointment in Virginia. 

Mr. Thomson failed to fulfil his appointments in Virginia, and excused. 

Ordered, That Mr. Hector Alison supply the back parts of Virginia ei{ 
Sabbaths next fall. 

Ordered, That Mr. Smith supply the back parts of Virginia eight Sabbai 
next spring. 

Ordered, That Mr. Black supply Buffalo settlement and adjacoit pb 
four Sabbaths before our next. 

Ordered, That Mr. Craig supply about Roanoke and Reedy Creek, a 
places adjacent, three Sabbaths, and the South Branch of Potomac and pl« 
adjacent, three Sabbaths more before our next. 

Ordered, That Mr. Smith supply at Norrington the ensuing Sabbath, i 
at the Great Valley the Tuesday following. 

The affair of the school and rand continued. 

Mr. Griffith complied with the appointment of the Synod with respect 
the Great Valley. 

Mr. Griffith met at Brown's meeting-house in Virginia, according to app(M 
ment, and none other of the members meeting, nor both parties, nothing i 
done in the affair. 

Ordered, Messrs. Black and Alison meet next fall at Brown's meeti 
house to try what they can do in the affair, and report the same to the Syi 
next meeting. 

Messrs. Thomson and Cathcart met at White Clay Creek, according to 1 
year's appointment, about Mr. Alison's affair, and though they^ then had i 
full satisfaction of seeing that affair concluded at that time, yet the Synoi 
now fully satisfied by credible information, that all obligations between f 
parties are mutually discharged to the satisfaction of both. 

Commissioners from Norrington petidoned the Synod for supplies for ) 
ensuing year, which is referred till the afternoon. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

^t three o'clock, P. M. Ubi post precea sederunt qui supra^ 

Ordered, The minutes of our last be read. 

Upon considering the conduct of Mr. Samuel Evans, which was refer 
to the Synod for advices, it is agreed : 

That Mr. Evans having acted disorderly in dissolving the pastoral relat 
between himself and his people, and having travelled to England again \ 
again, without certificates by way of recommendation to the churches in 1 
part of the world; and having in other tilings acted, from time to time, i 
way unsuitable to his character as a gospel minister, we disown him i 
member of this Synod until he give us satisfaction by a return to his di 
and amend his life and conduct 

The affair of the union continued. 

Mr. Elder's affair continued. 

The affair of the school continued. 

The affair of the Great Valley and Norrington came under considerat 
and appointed that Mr. McHenry supply the first Sabbath of August, of I 
ruary, and May, at Norrington, if they be vacant; and that Mr. Cowell 
Guild supply the same place the first Sabbath of July, September, Octo 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 199 

BeeembeTy and January; and that Mr. Chriffith supply them one Sabbath be- 
te December next, and must acquaint them of the day. 

Ordered, That Mr. Griffith supply the congregation of the Great Valley 
eoe Sabbath in the month until the candidates are licensed, and the Presby- 
tery of Philadelphia agrees that these congregations may apply to New Castle 
Presbytery for supplies from the said canmdates when licensed, by turns, and 
tbt Mr. McHenry supply the Great Valley the first Sabbath of November. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

May 24/A, at nine o'clock A. M. C7bi post precea^ icderurU qtd tupra. 

' Ordered, The minutes of our last be read. 

The affair of the union continued. 

Mr. Elder's affair continued. 

The affair of the school continued. 
' Upon considering the affair of the union, our Synod sent a messenger to 
iir. Hazard's to see whether the Synod of New York had le(\ any proposals 
with him to be delivered to us, to which he answered, they had ; but that he 
VIS ordered not to deliver them to us without receiving our proposals to 
Aem. 

"Hie Synod finding that there was some misapprehension between them 
wl the Synod of New York, about the meaning of both parties delivering 
li^ir proposals sealed to Mr. Hazzard, came to the following resolution : 

That since our brethren will not allow us to see their proposals till we give 
■om in writing, which our commissioners to Trenton do not agree to be the 
InteDtion of that proposal; but that this method was intended to prevent cla- 
Mv and misrepresentations, we are determined to send them our proposals 
« soon as possible, but the minutes of our proceeding in that affair, being in 
Mr. McHenry's hands, so that we cannot proceed as we could wish. We 
' neommend it to our brethren, to use all endeavours to promote a healing 

C* 't, so that our designs may be brought to a comfortable issue, and we shaU, 
igh divine assistance, labour to do the same; and we shall meet for this 
pvpoee the first Wednesday of September next, in Philadelphia, that the 
Synod of New York may have an opportunity of considering our overtures, 
ind taking proper measures for the concluding a union, which may be of much 
advantage to this church. 

Ordered, That a copy of this minute be delivered to the Rev. Mr. Gilbert 
Tennent. 

Ordered, That Mr. Hector Alison stay in town till he transcribe our minutes 
for these years past, and that he be paid out of the fund for this service, and 
far settling the accounts of the fund. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Jit three o^ clock, P, M. Uhi peat preces sederunt qtii 9Upra. 
Ordered, The minutes of the last be read. 
The Synod being informed that Mr. Hugh Knox and Mr. John Alison, are 

a on them to be examined according to the rules of this Synod, it is 
that they attend the Presbytery of New Castle, at Elk River, the first 
y of August, and be examined by them, and that Messrs. Boyd and 
Tate correspond with them at that time. 

The affair of the school considered, and ordered,. That four scholars be en- 
Uiely exempted from paying, and the residue of the twenty pound is to be divi- 
ded among such as Mr. Alison shall think fit. Three being mentioned for 
lois purpose. 
Ordered, That the last year's minute relating to the school be continued. 
Ofdemdf to allow Mr. Gillespie five pounds out of \Vve t\iTKiLlQ(t\yQ[^^VBi<^ 



goo 1IINUTB8 OF THE 

his meetiiig-hoiue, and five poimdf to Mr. Elder, the fiiflt to be paidondi' 
mand, and the last at our next meeting in September* 

Adjoomed till the first Wednesday of September ensuing. 

Conchided with prayer. 

The S3mod met according to adjournment at four o*clock, P. M« 

September 4th, 1751. Obipoitprtcu Mime^ 

Doneffall Presbytery: Messrs. Boyd, Elder, and Zanchy. 

Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Cross and McHenry. 

New Castle Presbytery: Messrs. Cathcart, Alison, Steel, and Heelof 
Alison. 

Elders: Messrs. Robert Chambers, John Watt, Robert Mathies, JanM 
Scot 

Mr. Cross continued moderator, and Hector Alison clerk. 

Absent from Donegall Presbytery: Messrs. Thomson, Tate, Craig, mk 
Black. From Philadelphia Presbytery: Messrs. Coweli, and Guild. ¥nm 
New Castle Presbytery: Messrs. Gillespie, McDowell, Griffith, and Ha* 
milton. 

Ordered, The minutes of our last be read. 

Ordered, That Messrs. McHenry, Coweli, Cathcart, Boyd, Griffith, Elder, 
Francis Alison, McDowell, Tate, and the moderator, be the commissimirf \ 
the Synod for the ensuing year, and be the committee for the fund. And tivt 
four with the moderator be a quorum. 

And ordered. That the Presbytery of New Castle examine the young mea 
next October, who offered themselves to trials at the last meeting mm 
Synod. 

Ordered, That the Presbytery Books be brought against our next Synod. 

Ordered, That Mr. Cross either get in the interest due upon our bondi , or 
that he sue for the principal and interest, and that it be reported at our next 
eederunt what interest is due, and in whose name the bonds are taken. 

Ordered, That the minutes of our last be consulted with reference to oar 
Sjmodical appointments. 

The affair of the school continued, as we determined at our last meetingt 
to the minutes of which we refer for further information. 

The affair of the union of the two Synods taken under consideration. 

Ordered, That a copy of the proposals of the Synod of New York for t 
union with this Synod in tlie year 1740, which were hitherto omitted, be now 
inserted ; which are as follow : 

The Synod of New York are deeply sensible of the many unhappy eonfie' 
quences that flow from our present divided state, and have with pleasure ob- 
served a spirit of moderation increasing between many of the members of both 
Synods; diis opens a door of hope, that if we were united in one body we 
might be able to carry on the designs of religion in future peace and agree- 
ment, to our mutual satisfaction ; and though we retain the same sentimentB 
of the work of God which we formerly did, yet we esteem mutual foIbea^ 
ance our duW, since we all profess the same Confession of Faith, and Direo' 
tory of worship. We would, therefore, humbly propose to our brethren of 
the Synod of Philadelphia, that all our former differences be buried in perpet- 
ual oblivion, and that for the time to come both Synods be united in one, and 
thenceforth there be no contention among us, but to carry it towards each 
other in the most peaceable and brotherly manner, which we are persuaded 
will be for the honour of our Master, the credit of our profession, and the edi- 
fication of the churches committed to our care. Accordingly we appoint the 
Rev. Messrs. John Pierson, Gilbert Tennent, Ebenezer Pemberton, and Aaron 
Burr, to be our delegates to wait upon the S3rnod of Philadelphia widi these 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. BOt 

nt)po8al8, and if they shall see meet to join with us in this desirable design, 
we think it would be best to appoint a commission of botl^ the Synods to meet 
It such time and place as they shall choose, and finally to determine this 
ifiair. And to preserve the common peace we would desire that all names of 
iistinction which have been made use of in the late times, be for ever abolish- 
^; that every member give his consent to the Westminster Confession of 
"^aith and Directory, according to the plan formerly agreed to by the S3mod 
»f Philadelphia, in tiie year 1729. Further, that every member promise that 
(tet any question has been determined by a major vote, he will actively con- 
ur, or passively submit, to the judgment of the body, but if his conscience 
eraiit him to comply with neither of these, that then he shall be obliged 
eaceably to withdraw from our synodical communion, without any attempt 
) make a schism or division among us. This is not intended to extend to 
ny cases but those which the Syncnd judffe essential to the maintaining of 
ioetrine, discipline, and worship; that aU our present congregations be ao- 
aiowledged as congregations belonging to the Synod, but to belong to the 
ime Presbytery as they now do, tUl a favourable opportunity presents for an 
d?antageous alteration. That we all agree to esteem and treat it as a culpa- 
de evil to accuse any of our members of error in doctrine, or immorality in 
mversation, any otherwise than by private reproof, till the accusation has 
Ken brought before a regular judicature, and issued according to the known 
nfes of our discipline. Signed per order of the Synod, 

Per Samuel Finlt, Synod Clerk. 
The delegates from the Synod of New York agreed to the following oon- 
MBions and amendments in the forementioned proposals, which, according 

the references in them are as follow : 

1. Though great and* good men have been of different opinions. 

3. Always reserving a liberty for such dissenting members to lay their 
Snennoes before the Synod in a peaceable manner. N. B. What remains of 
he sentence to be erased. 

That there be no intrusions into the bounds of Presbyteries, or pastoral 
^ges, against the inclination of the Presbyteries or pastors. 

l^t all candidates for the work of the sacred ministry either be examined 
iBd approved by the Synod or its commission, previous to their admission 
ipon trials by any of our Presbyteries; or else, that they be obliged to obtain 

1 eoUege diploma, or a certificate from the president or trustees of the college, 
kat they have been examined and found qualified. 

Mr. Gilbert Tennent only objected against the synodical examination of 
iMmgnten. 

Agreed that the commissioners ripen things for our next synodical meet- 
ijf, but not finally determine any thing. 

The commissions of the Synods of Philadelphia and New York met each 
ther according to agreement at Trenton, Mr. Cowell chosen moderator, and 
iKunaf Arthur clerk. 

Some difficoities arising in the conversations of the commissioners of both 
fnods, they came finally and unanimously into this agreement, that both 
fnods at their next meeting, do more fully prepare, and then interchange, 
ntnal proposals for an accommodation, and in the mean time there be a mu- 
al endeavoiur to cultivate a spirit of candour and friendship. 

Thomas Arthur, Clerk. 
Aiyonmed till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

September the ft/A. Ubi pott preces^ sederunt qui eupret. 
The 83mod met according to adjournment 
Ordered, The minutes of our last be read. 



(Ojl MINUTES OF THE 

The order relating to the fund continued.  -f* 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'clock, P. M. Ubi post preees, eedenmi fid nqmu < 

The Synod met according to adjournment. ii 

Ordered, The minutes of our last be read. 

The Synod having maturely and seriously considered the affair of ftl 
union, agreed at last, nemine contradicente, that the following tenns be im 
posed to the Synod of New York, and that Hector Alison transcribe tJM 
against our next meeting. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

# 

September the ^h. Ubi post preceSy sederunt qui tifrtu 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

Ordered, The minutes of our last be read. ^ 

The proposals were transcribed and brought in according to appointflNrilf 
which were approved, and sent to Mr. Hazard, and are as follow: "^ 

" The Synod of Philadelphia being deeply sensible of the unhappy cm^ 
sequences of division, are willing with pleasure, to listen to proposala forhal' 
ing the breaches between the two Synods, and as the Synod of Yofk €Hh 
presses an earnest desire of an union, that we may be able jointly to csiry 6rt 
the design of religion in future peace and agreement, we have considered jHT 
plan of an accommodation laid before us in the year 1749, and find that it htf 
a peaceable tendency, and for this reason we determine to comply with M 
proposals you laid down, as closely and as far as we can expect to preaene 
our future peace and agreement, is to mention briefly the [Jan of unioB tai 
rules of our conduct for time to come towards each other, and in our jodief 
tures. We propose, therefore, (as the Synod of York have proposed to osy) 
we agree that all names of distinctions which have been made use of in l>li> 
times, be for ever abolished. 

2. '* That every member give his assent to the Westipinster Confession of 
Faith, and Directory, according to the plan agreed on in our Synod, and tbtt 
no acts be made but concerning matters that appear to the body plain duty, or 
concerning opinions that we believe relate to the great truths of religion, aad 
that aU public and fundamental agreements of this Synod stand safe. 

3. ** That every member engage that after any question has been dole^ 
mined by a major vote, he will actively concur, or passively submit, toii^ 
judgment of the body, or if his conscience permit him to comply with ueAisi 
of uese, he shall be obliged to withdraw peaceably, always reserving hitt * 
liberty to sue for a review, and to lay his grievances before the body in* 
Christian manner. 

4. '' That we agree to esteem it a culpable evil, and treat it as such, to a^* 
cuse any of our brethren of error in doctrine, or immorality in practice, otf)e^ 
wise than by private admonition, or to spread evil surmises that he is gnee- 
leas, or unconverted, till the accusation has been brought before a rmdar 
judicature, and issued according to the rules of well known church discipune* 

5. '* That no intrusions into the bounds of any of our Presbyteries, or ptf- 
toral charges, without the consent of the Presbytery, or minister, be first di- 
tained implicitly or explicitly ; and that no person be excluded from any ol 
our judicatures without regular proceedings, according to our known rules oi 
church discipline ; and that ail candidates for the sacred work of the ministry 
be either examined by the Synod, or their commission, and be approved b) 
them, in the languages and philosophy, or shall be obliged to bring a college 
certificate or diploma, to assert that they are suitably qualified according 
tbe roles of that eoUege, before they be admi^ to trials in any of our Prea 



SYNOD OF PHILADRLPHIA. 9(0 

rteries, and we promlBe that we will eneoorage them to fall ig with this last 
I the most honoorable and customary. 

6. ** We propose, according to &e first article, that all names of distinc- 
911 shall be for ever abolished, and for this purpose we think it necessary 
At our Presbyteries shall be made up every where of the ministers that live 
mtiguous to one another, so that there shaU be no such party names, as old 
id new Presbyteries, for old and new congregations to repair to, that they 
ly obtain ministers bearing party names ; and that if any minister shall be 
isatisfied to sit with the Presbytery that is next to him, he shall, upon ap* 
[cation to the Synod, have liberty to join with the neighbouring Presbytery 
lich he shall choose, if they think it for edification to allow him the liberty. 
7. ** And though we cannot but lament the diyisive practices that have been 
nied on in this church these several years, so much to the disadvantage of 
igion, yet out of a sincere regard to the peace of the church we propose 
It such congregations where there are new erections, each of which are able 
support a minister, be continued, and that such congregations where there 
i two parties, and neither supplied with a minister, that all care be taken by 
» Presbytery to which they belong, to unite them, but that where any eiec- 
D8 have been made by these practices to the prejudice of former standing 
igregations, and said erections supplied with ministers, that said ministers 
removed, and ail proper methods taken to heal the breach. 
And though this laist proposal may seem to bear hard on some ministers, 
t we hope that few will be affected by it, and that these may find more com- 
lable settlements in our numerous vacancies, and be more extensively ser- 
seaUe in Christ^s vineyard; and upon these terms we heartily agree with 
) Synod of York, that since we profess the same Confession of Faith, and 
reetory for worship, all our former difierences be buried in perpetual obli* 
m, and that henceforth there be no contention among us but to carry it 
iraids each other in the most amicable and brotherly manner. 
Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May. Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod of Philadelphia met according to adjournment. 

May 27^1762. Ubi post preces sederunt^ 
From Donegall Presbytery: Messrs. Boyd, Elder, Thomson, Tate. Ab- 
ut: Messrs. Zanchy, Craig, Black. Present, Mr. Smith. 
Philadelphia: Messrs. Cross, Co well, and McHenry. Absent: Messrs. 
der and Guild. 

New Castle: Messrs. Cathcart, Francis Alison, McDowell, Griffith, Steel, 
d Hector Alison. Absent: Messrs. Gillespie and Hamilton. 
Elders : Messrs. Thomas Hope, Thomas Dugan, James Murphie, Andrew 
iggs, John Cross, Hugh Ferguson, James Smith, Nathaniel Williams, Fran- 
' Williamson, John Hall, John McNeal, James Pagan. 
Mr. Cowell moderator, Mr. Sampson Smith clerk. 

The Synod was opened by a sermon on 1 Tim. iv. 16, by Mr. Cross, last 
vfn moderator. 

The Presbytery of Donegall ordained Mr. Sampson Smith to the work of 
! ministry since our last meeting, who is now received as a member of this 
nod. 

Qidered, That the minutes of our last be read. 

Mr. 'Iliomson's last year's absence excused for indisposition. Mr. Cow- 
's absence excused. Mr. McDowell excused for reasons given. 
Drdered, That Messrs. Cross, Boyd, Cathcart, Griffith, McHenry, Elder, 
;Dowell, Tate, be the commission of the Synod for the ensuing year, and 
f eonimittee for the fund; and that four with the moderator be a qQonmi. 



204 MINUTES OF THE 

And that John Cross, James Murphey, and Hugh Fergiiaon» eUan, be joM 

in the affair of the fund. " 

Oidered, That the Presbyteries bring in their books against oof nex t .^^ 

Inquiry being made who had brought money for the fund, the fiDllowiv 

brethren. Messrs. McHenry, Boyd, Tate, Steel, McDoweU, Cathcart, hnn^ 

something. 

The consideration of the collection of the fund referred. -i? 

Ordered, That Mr. Cross let Mr. Gelston know that the Synod will isii 
the interest of the money which he owes them, provided that he fixrtfavip 
pays the principal. 

The affair of the school deferred. 

Mr. Hector Alison and Mr. Smith fulfilled their appointments in Yirginb. 
Further appointments to Virginia, deferred. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

May 2Sth, at nine o'clock, A. M. Ubi post preces, $edenmt qui iUftf, 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

Ordered, The minutes of our last be read. 

The consideration of the collection for the fund referred* 

The affair of the school referred. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the Synod, that met September last, be x«i 

The affair of the union deferred. 

The petition of Catharine Cowan was brought in and read ; the Synodfrfu 
this affair to the Presbytery of Donegall, together with Messrs. Catbqsrti 
McDowell, Griffith, and Steel, as correspondents from the Presbytery of Nm 
Casde, to meet at Octorara the second Tuesday of August, and that Mr. Boyll 
session give notice to all parties concerned. ' f 

Adjourned to three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. * 

May 28//i, at three o'clock, P. M. Ubi post preces sederunt qui Mfff- 

The Synod met ac-cording to adjournment. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The consideration of the collection for the fund deferred. 

The affair of the school deferred. 

The affair of the union deferred. 

The consideration of the supplication from Virginia resumed. 

Ordered, That Mr. McCannan supply the congregations of North and SopA 
Mountain, Timber Grove, North River, and Cook*s Creek, and at JohnHilr 
son's, until the middle of October next, chiefly, and at other vacancies as oAbs 
as he can. And that Mr. Kinkead shall supply tlie same from the middle of 
November next until the first of March, provided he has not received a oaO, 
and in that case he shall continue eight weeks only. 

Ordered also. That Mr. Craig supply these vacancies at their request, sad 
that Messrs. McCannan and Craighead supply his congregation, if requiiedi 
the half of the time he is absent 

A letter from the Synod of New York was brought in and read. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, Alison, Steel, McDowell, Elder, Bojdf 
McHenry, and the moderator, be a committee to consider the same, and draw 
an answer, and present it to the Synod for their approbation. 

The Synod having deliberately considered the affair of Mr. Alison's lema- 
val to Philadelphia, referred to them by the Presbytery of New Castle, judge 
that the method he used is contrary to the Presbyterian plan. Yet ooil> 
sidering that the circumstances which urged him to take the method he uaedf 
were ver}" pressing, and that it was indeed almost impracticable to him to 
apply for the consent of Presbytery or Synod, in the orderly way; and Sofr 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 305 

• 

^, beings persuaded that Mr. Alison's being employed in such a station in 
I academy, has a favourable aspect in several respects, and a very probable 
ideney, not only to promote the good of the public, but also of the church, 
he may be serviceable to the interests thereof in teaching philosophy and 
vinity, as far as his obligations to the academy will permit, we judge that 
s proceedings in said affair, are in a great measure excusable. Withal, the 
jrnod advises, that for the future, its members be very cautious and guard 
^inst such proceedings as are contrary to our known approved methods in 
Kh cases. 
Adjourned till ten o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

May 29/A. Uhi post preces, sedertmt qui supra. 

The Synod met at ten o'clock, according to adjournment. 

GrdercKl, that the minutes of the last sedtruni be read. 

Mr. Francis Alison requested that he should be allowed to sit as a member 
rdie Presbytery of Philadelphia, seeing he was settled in their bounds; and 

is ordered that he belong to said Presbytery. 

Affair of fund, collection, and school, &c. deferred. 

The committee appointed to consider the terms of accommodation offered 
B by the Synod of New York, brought in an overture, which was considered 
id approved, and is as follows : 

•* Upon perusal of yours, our pleasing views of a comfortable union, from 
Jpeated intimations of your readiness to comply with what appeared rea- 
Aable, are considerably abated ; especially as we apprehend you receding 
ordier from a union, and from your own former proposals in order thereunto, 
liich we shall fully point out, being persuaded it is our duty, being willing 
T and desirous of a reasonable accommodation. 

'* Ist You have repeatedly proposed that all former differences be buried 
I perpetual oblivion, which you apprehend for the honour of our Master, the 
«dit of our profession, and the edification of the church. How, consistently 
lerewith, do you insist that the protestation of the Synod, in the year 1741, 
s declared void and of none effect? and that this declaration shall be a term 
f union, since the Synod have assured you, and are willing to declare, that 
poD the union, they shall act and carry it towards you as if this protestation 
id never been made, looking upon the design of the protestation answered 
jT reasonable terms of union ; and if any thing further be intended by your 
flisting that said protestation be declared void and of no efiect, we assure you 
e are well satisfied that said protestation was made on sufficient and justi- 
iHe grounds, and we are not in the least convinced that the Synod acted 
roog in said step. 

*^€d\y. You insist that Presbyteries shall continue as they are, and declare 
m see no reason to dissolve the new modeled Presbyteries. How is this con- 
rtent with your proposals, that all differences be perpetually buried, and that 
I inmes and distinctions be for ever abolished ; nay, how can you reconcile it 
your own minds with the peace of this churoh, the valuable end to be 
ned at by the union? besides we acquainted you, that an uniting of Pres- 
teries appeared to us so requisite to the peace of our church, that unless 
nr delegates had given us, by their concessions, ground to believe your 
rnod would have consented to this, we should have looked upon any at- 
Bpt for union as vain and useless. 

** And your own former proposals on this head, viz : that congregations as 
By tra at present, should belong to the same Presbytery they now do, till a 
Roorable opportunity of an advantageous alteration, gave us ground to appre- 
lid that you would consent, from die apparent necessity of Uie thing, to Ifaift 
vantagaoiu alteration. 
18 



2Qfr VOfBTES OF THB 

** My. Tott hafe'formeffly deekred, that though your aentiiiieiitv, of wb 
you eateemed a woikof God, oontiiiued the same, yet yoa judged motnal h 
oeannce your duty, since we all profess the same Coofessioa of Faith ap 
Directory for worship. But now you seem to insist on a joint testimony fi 
soch a glorious work of God, in the late religious appearances, as a term ( 
union, by making it one of your proposals for peace and union, that you hop 
both Synods will go into such a testimony. How is this consistent with yw 
former professed sentiments of duty of forbearance in said case, and with yai 
declared sentiments, that no difference in judgment in cases of plain sin ii 
duty, and opinions relating to the great truths of religion, is a sufficient reasoi 
why the differing member should be obliged to withdraw, unless the said plaii 
duty or truth be judged by the body essential, in doctrine or discipline? Anc 
we think it strange you would insist on this or even mention it aa a propon 
for union, seeing your delegates before us conceded that both great and gooc 
men had differed from them on that head, besides your own declaration ck 
that affair, viz : that you doubt not but that there were several follies and eiti» 
vagancies of the people and artifices of Satan intermixed with what you cs]l,i 
glorious work of God's Spirit, plainly evince the difficulty of such a testi 
mony, especially to such who cannot easily be persuaded to declare that thcM 
religious appearances were a saving work of God^s Spirit. 

** Besides, in order to such a testimony, in an affair confessedly difficult 
that it be consistent with reason and a good conscience, we apprehend that 1 
is your business and duty who hope for, and insist on such testimony, thatyoi 
point out what you believe to be a glorious work of God*s spirit in the 111 
religious appearances, and what to be the follies and extravagancies of thi 
people, and the artifices of Satan, that so a distinct testimony be given for ti» 
encouragement of the one, and for preventing the other, and undeceiving mair 
among the simple and ignorant who may have mistaken the one for tb« 
other, and yet continue in the mistake. 

** 4thly. We have condescended for the sake of peace, that all the minis 
ters belonging to your Synod, and all their congregations, should belong t 
this body; but when intrusions have been made by disorderly ministers mt 
our congregations, so as to render them incapable to perform Uieir solemn ei 
gagements to their pastors, we think these things that are so unjust ought t 
be rectified, yet, if consistent with the rights of gospel ministers, you can &h 
a salve for this difficulty, we will gladly approve of it. 

«* 5thly. As for our sentiments in other affairs, relating to the propose 
union, we refer you to our late proposals, which we apprehend just and i« 
sonable, and as yet see no just reasons to recede from, or make any roaterii 
abatements of them; and particularly in regard to proposals for decidio 
affairs by majority of vote, we apprehend it strictly Presbyterian and reasoi 
able, and are not convinced that the alteration in that article proposed by yc 
about what is essential and what not, is necessary ; nay, we apprehend tb 
such an alteration as staled by you, has a bad aspect, and opens a door for i 
unjustifiable latitude both in principles and practice. 

*• 6thly. We are much satisfied to hear you propose that young men shov 
bring college certificates, seeing that you have now, by the goodness of Diva 
Providence, a college erected. We are and ever were as much for this, m 
more than some of these brethren who once beloDged to this Synod ; and i 
would put you in mind that there were colleges erected in reach of your you 
before you had one in New Jersey. But no regard was to be paid to our i 
peated desires and public votes that our young men should have educatic 
and certificates from them, when it was proposed by our Synod ; and i 
think that our Synod may find, among iheir number, men as well qualified 
examine and judge of men's abilities as either the tutors, trustees, or recti 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. *j(fi[ 

so that we fhink the approbation of out Synod, « 
V, and yet will give it up if you oblige all yonr a 
rtificates, unlees in extraordinary cases, and iheie shall be 
It sucli disordere as we hare seen and Telt^n time paat. 
we are well pleasRcl wilh any degree of a disposition towards 

professed by you, and are resolved to cultivate and improve, 
1 others in any measure under our influence, the same peace- 

and to concur heartily with you in any plan of accommoda- 
md consialcnt wilh our proresflion aa rresbyteriaus, and for 
[Church and honour of our Laid and Master." 

three o'dock, P. M. Ubi pott precet, Hdertmt qui tupra. 

let according to adjournment. 

t the minutes of our last be read. 

ihe school came under consideration, and it ia appointed that 

are of Mr. Alexander McDowell for tlte ensuing year, and 

m BSsislant, and that it be examined by the Presbylery of 

second Wednesday of April, and that he be allowed for his 

wenty pounds per annum. 

nine o'clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

nine o'clocit. A, M. The Synod met. Ubi post preeet, ee- 
ui supra. 

t the minutes of the last be read. 

It ibe teller for the Synod of New York be sent to ibem, and 
) care of Mr. Samuel Hazard. 

the fourth Wednesday of May 1753. Concluded with prayer. 

let according to adjournment. 

May 23, 17»8, Vbi post preeee tederunt, 
al^tery of Donegal!: Measra. Boyd, Zanchy, Elder, Tate, 
; Messrs. Thomaon, Craig, Black. 

elphia Presbytery: Messrs. Crosa and Alison. Absent: 
Elmer, Guild, McHenry. 

aslle Prosbytcry: Messrs. Calbcart, Steel, Alison. Absent: 
e, McDowell. Griffith, Hamilton. 

BIS Gardner, Robert Dugan, Brice Innis, Patrick Campbell, 
aU, John Williamson, John Hall, Moses Irwin, James 

ras opened by Mr. Hector Alison, with a sermon from Jer. 
Cowell, last year's moderator, being absent, 
.lison chosen moderator, Mr. Zanchy clerk. 
t the minutes of last year's Synod be read, 
[avc roasons for his absence last year, which were sust^ned. 
it Messrs. Cross, Boyd, Calbcart, Steel, Elder, McHenry, 
!, and the moderator, be the commission of ihe Synod for the 
^ year, and the committee for the fundj and that four, with the mode- 
be I quorum i and that J'alrick Campbell, William Marshall, and John 
b« joined in the affair of the fund. 

That the Presbyteries bring in their books to-morrow morning, 
being made who had brought money for the fund, it was found the 
brethren brought, vii. Messrs. Boyd, two pounds ftre shillings; 
>aH pound ■izshiilinga; Bteel, seventeen shillings; Smith, one pound 
Cathoart, ten shillings; Hector Alisoui one pound; Crosot six 



308 MINUTES OF THE 

pounds thirteen shiUinn; McDowell, thirteen shiliings and fonr pence; 
Zanchy's congregation la to contribute to the fund for the uae of the aehm 



pounds thirteen shillinita; McDowell, thirteen ahiUinga and fonr pence; He. 

aehooL 

The affair of Virginia deferred. 

The affair of ihS school deferred. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayo;- 



May 24/A, at nine o* clock, S. M. Ubi post preces, aederuni qui tuffi 

The S)mod met according to adjournment i 

Ordered, That the minutes of last sederunt be read. j; 

The Rev. Messrs. John Thomson, and Hugh Conn, died since our kifi 
Synod. .^ j 

Messrs. McDowell and Griffith came this day and gave the reasons of iw j 
yesterday's absence, which were sustained. . , j 

Mr. Uowell sent us a letter containing reasons for his non-attendance, 
which were sustained. 

The Presbytery of New Castle brought in their book according to yortB^ 
day's order, and Messrs. Elder and Tate are appointed to revise iU 

The affair of Virginia deferred. / 

The affair of the school deferred. 

The consideration of the affair of the fund deferred. . 

We received a copy of the minutes of the Synod of New York, containof 
the reasons why they could not enter on the affair of the union so as to gill 
an answer to our last year's letter. 

Mr. McKennan fulfilled his appointment in Virginia. Mr. Eankead Si 
not fulfil his, for which he gave reasons that are sustained, and the rather ii» 
cause Mr. McKennan supplied the congregations in Virginia in his room. , 

The committee appointed to examine the school report that they had ful- 
filled the appointment, and were well pleased with the proficiency of the 
scholars, and care of the master. 

The further consideration of the affair of the school is deferred. 

It being reported to the Synod that there is a supplication from CaroIiii8» 
the Synod defer that with the affair of Virginia, till our next sederunt. 

The Presbytery of New Castle applied to the Synod, that whereas Mr. 
Hector Alison had laid certain grievances before them, and sued for a dismis* 
sion from his pastoral charge, and as the affair appeared to be of great iin- 
portance, and required a final decision at their next meeting, humbly requeflit 
that the Synod would join some members out of the other Presbyteries widi 
them, to judge of that affair; and that said Presbytery, with such membevs, 
be appointed to act as a commission of the Synod, and in that capacity judge 
that affair. 

The Synod granted said request, and accordingly appoints Messrs. Boyd, 
Tate, and Smith, to meet with the Presbytery of New Castle on the filiit 
Tuesday of August next, at New London, for that purpose ; and further, the 
Synod enjoins it on said Presbytery to give timely notice to Mr. Alison's cott* 
gregations of the design of said meeting. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

May 24rt, at three o'* clock,, P. M. Ubi post preces, sederunt qui supi[a, 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The affair of Virginia deferred. 

The affair of the school came under consideration, and is continued onde 
Mr. McDowell's care and inspection for another year, upon the same footinj 
as was agreed last year. 



SYNOD OF PHILABBLPHIA* flQQ 

Ordered, That I^ew Castle Tvenhytay, ai ottf eenitiiittee for the flchool, 
aanine ihe same in the fall and sprinff, and make report to next Synod. 
The supplications from Virginia and North Gan^ina were considered, and 
le Sjmod orders Mr. McMoraie to supply the vacancies in those parts for 
a weeks, or longer if he find it needful, and that he pay a greater reg^ to 
le larger societies that have supplicated this Synod from time to time, and at 
)e same time do what he can to promote the benefit of younger settlements, 
nd that he set out the first of July next, and that Mr. Donaldson, in like 
oamier, supply the same back parts, and continue there for ten weeks, or as 
aach longer as he thinks fit, and that he shall set out the first of. October. 
Hie Synod recommends it to Messrs. McMordie and Donaldson to show a 
ipecial regard to the vacancies of North Carolina, especially betwixt Atkin 
Hul Catoba rivers, in giving them a considerable part of the time they spend 
a those back parts. 

A member of the congregation of Norrington applied to the Synod suppU- 
atin^ the orditiation of Mr. Kinkead, as fast as the stated rules and methods 
»cd m our Presbyteries, will permit 

The Synod having, at some considerable length, considered the difficulties 
fhich the Presbyteries of New Castle and Philadelphia offered, each for 
liemselves, as reasons why they could not attend on the trials and ordination 
)f Mr. Kinkead, so as to answer the request of the congregations, came to this 
Nmdnsion, that inasmuch as the congregations of the Great Valley and Nor- 
!Bigton properly belonged to the Presbytery of Philadelphia, that said Pres- 
bytery should attend the trials and manage the ordination of Mr. Kinkead, 
nd lest a delay might be occasioned by the paucity and distance of the mem- 
^ of the Presbytery of Philadelphia, Mr. Cathcart is ordered to correspond 
^di said Presbvtery as an assistant. 

Adjourned till to-morrow at ten o'clock. Concluded with prayer. 

May 25th. Ubi post preee$9 sederunt qtd supra. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last be read. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet at Mr. Cross's, at four 
D'dock, P. M. 

Mr. Alexander Miller, from the parish of Ardstraw, in Ireland, applied to 
M for liberty to preach the gospel as a minister of this Synod. He acknow- 
bdged he was degraded by the Presbytery of Lietterkenny, and Sub-Synod of 
LoDdonderry, and the General Synod in Ireland, but complained that they 
l^ated him hardly and unjustly, and offered the minutes of the Presbytery of 
i^terkenny to our consideration, to justify his conduct. The Synod having 
lenonsly considered his allegations, think that they have no right to judge of 
he proceedings of the judicatories in Ireland; that they have not the minutes 
if the Sub-Synod, and General Synod, and for that reason think it would be 
lartial and unfair to believe that so many men of candour and integrity would 
reat him in their judicatories severely and unjustly ; and as several of our 
lembers have wrote to their correspondents in that church, they think they 
rould act wrong to encourage a man which is cast out of their churches, till 
ley hear for what reasons, and we would warn all the societies under our 
are to give him no encouragement as a minister, till his character be cleared^ 
ad he be acknowledged as a gospel minister by us. 

Adjourned till the fourtli Wednesday of May next* 

Concluded with prayer. 

18* 



210 MINUTES OF THE 

The Synod met accoiding to adjournmeiit 

Philaddphia^ May 2Qd, 1754. Ubi poit preeei $ederwif^ 

From Donegall Presbytery: Messrs. Boyd, Elder, Steel, and Thomflon. 

From Philadelphia Presbytery: Messrs. Cross, Alison, McHenry, r 
Elmer. 

From New Castle Presbytery: Messrs. McDowell and Alison. 

Elders : Messrs. John Henderson, Robert Chambers, John Alison, Ji 
Johnston, Robert Meckey, and James Vance. 

Absent from Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. Zanchy, Thomson, Biad[, 
Craig. From New Castle Presbytery: Messrs. Gillespie and Hi 
From Philadelphia: Messrs. Cowell and Guild. 

Since our last Messrs. Robert Cathcart sftid Timothy Griffith were 
by death. 

Since our last Mr. Robert McMordie was ordained in the bounds of 
f;all Presbytery, and Mr. John Kinkead in Philadelphia Presbytery. 

Mr. Hector Alison, our last yearns moderator, opened the Synod 
sermon from 1 Cor. iv. 3. 

Mr. Francis McHenry chosen moderator, Mr. Smith clerk. 

Ordered, The minutes of our last be read. 

Messrs. Elmer's and McHenry's absence from our last excused for 
given. 

Mr. Gillespie gave liis reasons for his absence. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with pajv. 

'■}. 

May 2Sdj the Synod met according to adjoummeni. Ubi poit fifiai, 

sedcnmt qid supra. 

Mr. Thomson's last year's absence excused for reasons given. 

Ordered, The minutes of our last sederunt be read. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, Boyd, Steel, Elder, McDowell, Tate,Smi(k 
and the moderator, be the commission of the Synod for the ensuing year,aii< 
the committee for the fund, and four, with the moderator, be a quorum; tal 
that John Johnston, John Alison, Robert Meckey, be elders, joined in ihi 
affair of the fund. 

Inquiry being made whether or no the several Presbyteries had brought ii 
their books, it was found that the books of New Casde and Donegall vol 
not brought; ordered, That they bring them against our next. 

Inquiry being made who had brought money for the fund, it was found M 
the following brethren brought, viz: Mr. Boyd two pounds ten shillings, Jff* 
Smith one pound ten shillings, Mr. Thomson ten pounds, Messrs. C^dM 
McHenry, and Alison, six pounds. 

Ordered, That every Presbytery enjoin their absent members to send tbdr 
collections for the fund to the Presbytery, to be remitted to the Synod yearifj 
or their trustee. 

The commission of the Synod appointed to act in the affair of Mr. Hectpi 
Alison's removal, met according to appointment and determined it. 

The affair of the school deferred. 

The affair of the back country came under consideration. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Tate and Kinkead supply those vacancies any tiiiii^ 
not exceeding three months. 

The meeting of the committee for the fund, deferred. 

Ordered, That every Presbytery appoint one of thehr number to praaek on 
Friday evening, when the Synod is met. 

A proposal was made by Mr. Alison, for laying some plan for a finrf te 






SYNOD OF PHILADfiLPHIA. 91.| 

3 support of miniBters' widows, which was refened till further conside- 

Mr. Steel's affair deferred. 

A reference from Philadelphia Presbytery relating to Mr* Elmer, deferred. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Tke Synod met according to adjournment. Uhi po»tpreee$ sederunt qui 
iupra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of our last sederunt be read. 

The affair of the school referred. 

Mr. McDowell, under whose care and inspection the school has been for 
lese two last years, has declined to have the whole burden. Therefore, Mr. 
nison is appointed to teach the languages, Mr. McDowell undertaking, from 
sense of die public good, to continue to teach logic, mathematics, natural 
ad moral philosophy, &c ; and it is agreed, that Mr. Wilson have Uie same 
ooouragement which Mr. McDowell had; and it is further agreed, that th^ 
Vesbytery have a special regard to Mr. Wilson in their appointments, in not 
ending him to those vacancies which are too far distant for his attendance in 
le beginning of the week. 

Ordered, That New Castle Presbytery and Messrs. Boyd and Smith, be 
he eommittee to visit the school twice in the year, viz : the first Tuesdays 
f October and April. 

The meeting of the committee of the fund deferred. 

The proposal for laying the plan for a fund to support ministers' widows, 
eferred. 

The reference from Philadelphia relating to Mr. Elmer, reassumed. 

Ordered, That Messrs. McHenry, Cowell, and Kinkead, go to Mr. Elmer's 
ongregadon and endeavour to remove the difficulties he complains of before 
or next meeting, and that Mr. Cross write to Mr. Cowell to attend on the 
sj which may be agreed on. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

May 24. Hie Synod met according to adjournment, UU post preees 

sederunt qui supra. 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
Upon an application from the Presbytery of New Castle for assistance, it 
I ordered, that Messrs. Boyd and Smith sit with them till our next meeting, 
id be excused from attendmg Donegall farther than they think convenient, 
^ that Mr. Kinkead correspond with them in August. 
The meeting of the committee for the fund deferred. 
A plan for ue support of ministers' widows was offered to the Synod and 
losidered. 

Ordered, That a fair copy be drawn against our next sederunt and in- 
ned. 

Ordered, Ttet Messrs. Cross, Boyd, and Alison, wait upon Mr. Allen at 
ch a time as shall be found convenient. 

A letter from the Synod of New York was brought in and read. 
Ordered, That Messrs. Alison, Steel, and Elder, be a committee to form 
oposals to the Synod for the supporting ministers' widows, against four 
slock. 
Adjourned till four o'clock. Concluded with prayer. 

J%t Synod met according to adfoumment. Obi post preees sederunt q%n 

supra. 
OidereQ, Thai the minutes of our last be read. 
Up<m a supplication of the congregation of Middleton to the Synod, Mr. 



213 unsoTtss or the 

Kmkead w a|ipoiiiled to supply said congregation, the laet Sabbatbi of Ju 

and July. 

The meeting of the committee of the fund deferred. 

The plan of the fund for supporting ministers' widows, was broogbt jn 
read, approved, and signed, by all the ministers then present* 

The committee, according to appointment, brought an answer to the letter 
to the Synod of New York, which was read and approved. 

Ordered, That it be fairly transcribed against our next stderunL 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

May 25. The Synod met according to adjournment. VH po^tpmut 
sederunt qtn supra. 

Ordered, The minutes of our last sederunt be read. 

The meeting of the committee of the fund deferred. ^ 

' The Synodical company agree, in order to complete their plan and einy it 
into full execution, that each Presbytery shall choose a member to fepraMi 
them, and send by him their several quotas to the fund the second Wed iKs iy 
of October next, and these representatives then met, shall pnt the stock Iftto 
the hands of appointed trustees, and see the proper regulations of it, ae^f 
whereof shall be returned to each Presbytery, and as many more memM 
may come to assbt in the affair as can conveniendy. 

On reading the minute concerning the proposals to be sent to the btethfen 
of the Synod of New York, it is agreed on farther consideration, to dflAr 
sending proposals until conference be first had with some members of NeV 
York Synod, commissioned for that purpose, which we judge a betfer eipe* 
dient than the present method of treating of an union; inasmuch as a nrjr 
pacific temper seems to prevail in the members of both S3rnods, and a Istlor 
be wrote imparting our desire of said conference against our next. 

The members appointed waited on Mr. Allen, who informed them, in po^ 
suance of Mr. Humphry Murray's last will, he will allow sixty pounds for the 
benefit of ministers' widows. 

Ordered, That Messrs. McDowell and Smith represent briefly some of the 
most dangerous opinions and practices of the seceders, and get them printed* 
and that the books be divided among the ministers, who are to sell them wheie 
these gentlemen are doing most damage. Memorandum, that no one piece 
exceed a sheet. 

At the request of Mr. Cross, it is ordered, tliat Mr. Alison or Mr. CfMi 
shall have allowance to whte to any minister to come and preach two SabbalN 
at any time during Mr. Cross's illness. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet at Mr. Cross's, at fow 
o'clock, this afternoon. 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May next. 

Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod met according to appointment, 

Philadelphia, May 2Sih, 1755. Ubi post preees sederunt, 

From Philadelphia Presbytery: Messrs. Cross, Alison, McHenry, CowdI» 
Guild, and Kinkead. 

From New Castle Presbytery: Messrs. McDowell and Alison. 

From Donegali Presbytery : Messrs. Boyd, Zanchy, Steel, Tate, Smitbi 
and McMordie. 

Elders : Messrs. John Johnston, William Donaldson, Thomas Hope, JaAiee 
Anderson, Thomas Scot, and Joseph Armstrong. 



SYNOD OF PHILADSLPHIA. 213 

.bsent of New Casde Piesbytery: Messrs. Gillespie and Hamilton. Of 

legall Presbyteiy: Messrs. Elder, Thomson, Black, and Cradg. 

ir. Tate chosen moderator, Mr. Donaldson clerk. 

Ht, McHenry, the last year's moderator, opened the Synod with a sermon 

n Heb. x. 24. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Mm/ 29th, The Synod met according to adjournment, Ubi poat preees 
sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of our last year's Synod be read. 

I^essrs. Zanchy, Tate, and Guild, gave reasons for their absence from last 

ff's Synod, which were sustained. 

Since our last Mr. Elmer is removed by death. 

ytc, Gillespie's absence excused because of his indisposition. 

MIered, That Messrs. Cross, Boyd, Steel, Cowell, Smith, McHenry, 

meis Alison, and the moderator, be the commission of the Synod for the 

mingyear. 

rhe aBair of the fund deferred. 

Hone of the Presbyteries produced their books, the omission is greatly 

nedt and it is recommended to them to be more careful for the time to 

oe. 

inquiry being made who had brought money for the fund, and it is found 

t none advanced any, save Messrs. Cross, Boyd, Zanchy, Steel, and 

Hemy. 

rhe affair of the school deferred. 

Ilessrs. Tate and Kinkead, fulfilled their appointments in Virginia. The 

ision to Virginia and Carolina deferred. 

)rdered. That every Presbytery appomt one of their number to preach on 

dav evening, at the future meetings of the Synod, if required. 

)rdered. That Messrs. Boyd and Smith continue to sit with New Castle 

»bytery till our next. 

rhe plan of a fund for ministers' widows deferred. 

)l letter was sent to the Synod of New York, as ordered at our last, de- 

ng that some of their members might be appointed as commissiopers to 

It of an union; and we now understand that there are commissioner ' 

iting on this Synod for a conference. After the affair was considered 

K>d, in order to furnish such as should be appointed to meet these bret^'* 

h some instructions, the Synod appoint Messrs. Cross, Boyd, F' 

Bon, Steel, McHenry, Cowell, and McDowell, to meet with them s 

lock this af\emoon, and that notice hereof be given to them. 

Ldjonmed to three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. '"^aycr. 

May iOth, nine o'clock. A, M. Ubi postpreees, aederuni r ^^^' 

''he conference appointed with New York brethren, was conti I. , i , 
terday afternoon, that the Synod did not meet till this mornin.^ ', ^ ^ 
Ixdered, That the affair of the widow's fund and of the Sy^hrdeUvered a 
tinned. 

Ordered, That every minister, according to our former ^g^^^J^i j^m Bovd 
collection for the fund to his congregation, and as it is a Synodick ^ ' 

it, it is inconsistent with our church government to be under thC^ ^ ^ . 
iU)ition of a church session; they indeed may give or withhold \ ^* m« 
, bat may not prevent a minister to propose it publicly, ^^^^^^K^nAfii ^f 
ointment. Ordered likewise, That every Presbytery take care of tll^ ^' 
i of their members, how they observe this agreement previous tcy 



214 • MDiUTEB OF THE 

ooming to the Synod, and tliat they gather the collection from abaei 
hers. 

The Synod having taken into consideration the Virginia and Carol 
plications, order, "^lat Mr. Donaldson supply the hack inhabitants of 
and North Carolina, at least three months next fall ; and that he in p 
pay a regard to the supplications that were laid before this Synod by 
these back inhabitants. That Mr. Wilson supply them in like mai 
three months next winter ; and Mr. McKennan for three months nex 

A plan of a fund for ministers' widows, was proposed and coi 
Ordered, That it lie under consideration, and that the amendments 
which were now proposed on reading the overture. 

Ordered, That a fast be appointed by the Synod ihrough our bomu 
we part. 

Adjourned to three o'clock, P. M. 

TTie Synod met according to adjournment. Ubipost preees sede 
stwra. 

The affair of the widow's fund reassumed. A plan for the same : 
approved as it here follows: 

in order to increase a certain fund now in our hands, and have \ 
duly applied to support our widows and children af\er onr decease, ' 
scribing members of the Synod of Philadelphia, do promise and agre 
with each other in manner following, that is to say : 

I. Each of us shall annually pay into the common stock, the sun 
pounds, or of three pounds, of lawful money, as every one chooses, 
paymetit to be made immediately upon concluding this agreep[ient, 
on the fourth Wednesday of May every year thereaher as long as wc 

II. Every minister hereafter becoming a member of the Synod c 
delphia, shtQl have a right to come into this agreement, to choose 
these different payments he will subject himself unto, and so have 
vileges of a member of this fund company. And so may every cand 
the ministry under their care. 

in. Any minister belonging to said Synod, who has now an op] 

to join in this agreement, but declines the same, may at any time 

join and be received, provided he pay as much into the stock as sb 

^"^ the several payments, and the interest of them that he would ha 

^^ he joined now. Also, any member first choosing the lower payi 

^^ 'Aer choosing the higher, shall be allowed to change, upon hi: 
shall hif^gf^Q^ Qf ihe two rates, with the interest thereof from his fin 
at any Wany. 

^ OrdeiQm of j^jg fynj gij^ji y^ annually paid on the fourth Wedu 
o'clock, V gum of five pounds, or of seven pounds ten shillings, to th 

^°J®"™2ceased member, who had been subject to the annual pa 

Concludei^ or of three pounds respectively, during her hfe. But if 
y again, she shall thenceforth have but one third part o 

The Synoos otherwise entitled unto, through the residue of her life 

rds shall pass to the child or children of the deceased m 

p. ., , for the term of twelve years after the father's deceas< 

.,'?"* ^"^ually among them as the company judge fit. And at the 
Guild, and ,^^y^ yevn, reckoned from the father's death, their annu 

From N • 4|j^y^ \^ no widow, or if she die before twelve years after 

j!J"l*-cease, then the whole annuity she was entiUed unto, shal 
*"f?i!° ^^ children! until said twelve years are completed* If iht 

^*"^lnd the widow marry, she shall have only one half of the 
An^^^ the imx of her life. If any member die before five yearly ] 



SYNOD OP PHILADELPHIA. 215 

fep the widow Bhall be entitled to her proper annuity, only deducting 
rments her husband was to have made yearly out of the same, until iive 
payments are completed, from the time of her husband's joining the 
ly. Likewise, if any member of the company should be rendered 
lie of all business, whereby he might be supported, by disorden, he . 
I entitled to like annuities during such indisposition, 
inister^s removing to any other part of the world, or his being suspended, 
wed, or resigning charge or office, shall not deprive his widow or chil- 
' their proper annuity, provided he still continue to make his yearly 
nts iniuslife time. 

f member fail of making his yearly payments at the times fixed above, 
thereafter pay the same with the interest thereof, from that time, 
any fail for three years together, he shall thereby forfeit his interest in 
d. And if, at any member's decease, he stands indebted to the fund, 
n he owes shall be deducted out of his relick's annuity. 
innuity shall be reckoned due or paid, until the fourth Wednesday of 
hat comes next after the member^s being a full year deceased. Every 
applying for aimuities, shall produce to the treasurer, a certificate from 
rk of the Presbytery in whose bounds the person lives, that the person 
. as is entided to a certain annuity, who may thereupon be paid such 
r as is due, according to the case of the person. 
So higher annuity shall be allowed until the yearly contributions* to- 
with the interest of the stock, have, besides paying these said annui- 
ised a capital of eight hundred pounds for twenty members, and so in 
don greater as there shall happen to be more than twenty members in 
Dpany. 
When such a capital is once raised, then whatever the yearly contri- 

and produce of that capital shall be more than pays the said annuities, 
Its of management, the same shall be divided among, and paid unto the 
I and children aforesaid, in. proportion to their rates respectively. So 
the capital be not lessened, and reserving a right to the company to 
he yearly payments to raise an higher capital, if more than twenty 
m be joined, that so the aforesaid proportion between the capital and 
r of members may be preserved. 

We at present appoint and impower the Honourable William Allen, 

Mr. William Humphreys, Mr. Alexander Houston, Mr. John WaUv^^ 
oho Bleakly, senior, and Mr. William McUvaine, fi[^'^^^™cn, 
I. Robert Cross, and Francis Alison, ministers, to be our truster 
If fund into their hands, to lend, recall, and remit, to receive thi 
nts of the members, and all donations made to the company 
the annuities as above determined, with other incidental eos 
i the whole affairs of our fund according to tliis agreement.'^ ^ ' 
I shall make a declaration of trust to tlie company, and renew . 

if required, and give a full account of the management and ^ 9Upra, 
n the fourth Wednesday of every May, and whensoever, 1 
ipecial cause shall move the company to desire it. And w^od, and beg- 
Q to appoint new trustees, by the death or relinquishmc'^n the Synod 
nentioned, or otherwise, when the company think it ^^ delivered a 

any appointed, which they shall always have power to di 
use. In such cases new trustees shall be nominated and a^ham Boyd, 
■mon vote of the company. And it is agreed, tliat three k 
le or both of the ministers nominated, be a quorum, and have iIcBath, in 
when no more can meet. and Mr. 

• We still reserve a power to ourselves to make such further -nefit of 
ad ailBrttioiit as future ezperienee shall discover to be necessary in this 



216 \ Mnnrrss of the 

flfbr, by the vote of the oompany at our jesAy meetiiigSy wUdi dnB bt 
the fourth Wednesday of May, only no article here ahall be altered, or 
regulation made, without two-thirds of the number joined in compny 
ing and voting for the same. Nor no new regulations shall be made but 
as are adjudged necessary to advance, and not destroy the design of thi 
ment, and consistent therewith, that particularly the proportion betweei 
capital and number of members, and the yearly annuities arising by tbep^ 
sent plan, shall not be lessened. « 

Subscribed this dOth day of May, 1756, by i 

£ s. d. £ $. I 

' Francis Alison, 3 Sampson Smith, 8 

Adam Boyd, 2 Richard Zanchy, 8 

Francis McHenry, 2 Robert McMoidie, 2 

Alexander McDowell, 8 Joseph Tate, 8 

John Steel, 8 Hector Alison, 8 

John Kinkead, 2 Matthew Wilson, 8 

William McKennan, 2 William Donaldson, 8 

John Elder, George Gillespie. 

In consideration that the widows of such members as now join in eiHi| ft 

to raise a fund for themselves, will never come upon the Synod^s eai% % 

Synod agree to allow one hundred and fifteen pounds to die compagfi I 

serving all the remaining, which is the chief part of their fund, with tha'J \ 

It collections of congregations, to be disposed of by the Synod as umnt^. 

mat the widows that now beloncf to the Synod receive a yearly relief firoA 

Synod's fund as usual ; and at me death of any of them, the Synod rinA 

their discretion, add to our widow's fund as they think proper. .^.i 

Ordered, That the clerk of the Synod send a copy of the plan fiw-T 

widows' fund to each of our Presbyteries. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Francis Alison and McHenry, wait on Mr. AM 
and lay our plan for the widows' fund before him, and that they endeai^M 
persuade him to be a trustee; and to demand the money in his hands sif 
ordered some of our number to do when they thought fit. 
Adjourned till nine o'clock to*morrow, A. M. Concluded with prajor. 

Mm/ Slsi, Ubi poat preces, sederunt qui mpm 
**^»^he Synod met according to adjournment. 

exceiEi|e Synod having taken into consideration the prevailing iniquity wW 

•^^ ^'<m in our land, and the many tokens of Divine displeasure we an« 

shall hafei^ threatened with a dangerous war, left to manifold divisioiMf ii 

at any tj^ip.^ hoih in church and state, and the rain of heaven restrained to # 

^ OrderiQi3ge of the fruits of the earth, do therefore agree, that the twdfi 

o'clock, ti*^g be observed as a day of fasting and humiliation through all oi 

Adjourn^ [jewail our sins and the sins of our lands, to deprecate the DiriE 

Conclude ^g deserve, and implore God to remove these tokens of his anfB 

from the strokes we now feel, fear, and deserve. 

The Synoc by the report of the committee appointed to converse with th< 

the Synod of New York, that in order to accomplish an unioii, 

.,4 that as to all past complaints and differences, we should onh 

• T™ ^ f^ "*^ forget, and wholly bury all these things in perpetual oUi» 

Guild, and l|deavour in the strength of God to treat each other hereafter «i 

From N^g things had never been. And as the Synods are two distinel j«- 

J^M^iwr^^^' and in present circumstances are not accountable to each od|ert 

^^^J^^%ld unite as two contiguous bodies of Christians agreed in princi«lei 

^^~^h they never had been concerned with one another before, nor mI 

'^'^^"^rences, whieh is the truth as to a great part of both Synodi. And 



t 

V 



SYNOD OP PHILADELPHIA. 217 

Ibotitd now join the Synodt and PresbTteries upon snch Scriptural and rational 
linns as may secure peace and good order, tend to heal our broken churches, 
aid adTance religion hereafter; and it appears that these brethren cannot be 
Misfied with this dropping all former diflerences in such a general and indis- 
tiliet way, and particularly would have the protestation made in 1741, with- 
fcawn, or declared null and void before union. 

The Synod have considered these things, and are still willing to adhere to 
Uie above proposals, in order to obtain peace and union, which they appre- 
hend of the last importance in the Church of Christ, and see not what they 
Can further propose. 

We are commanded to forgive injuries and offences, and this is absolutely 
*tece«sary in this imperfect stale, to preserve peace among Christians; and if it 
^cre asked by any, how we can now join, who lately had such differences, we 
^nk every well disposed Christian would be satisfied with being told, that 
^e mutually forgive according to Christ^s command, and agree to maintain 
(Dod conduct, through grace, for the time to come. 

AiB to what hu been insisted on concerning the protestation, the Synod have 
Repeatedly wr' ' that when an union is made, they will carry toward these 
Onhreii af gh neither this, nor any of the other protestations standing 
^toir mj^ rds, or any other ground of difference on either side had ever 

teen I ^ ee not at present what further we can propose on this particu- 

ifr.v^/* nember or members being aggrieved, and obtaining no satisfy* 

iife!^^ tn in the highest judicature, have a right to protest and require 

i^T* recorded, and as the judicature may not refuse members this 

fk. ^^ ither can tlicy disannul or withdraw such protestations, the 

selves only can do this. And as some members of New York 

.1 satisfaction with respect to the protestation, and are unwilling 

bury all grounds of difference, wo assure them, we think our- 

mjured and offended in many instances, and yet for the sake of 

e good of the Church, we have made them these healing propo- 

/6 recommend to the furtlier consideration of our brethren of New 

■IIb desire also, that the Synod of York would consider that they 

: edification and the good of the Church to erect a Synod at New 

dclared that they did not set up in opposition to the Synod of 

t but as a sister Church. We now think it unbrotherly in them 

Dod in Philadelphia, and that it looks like erecting altar against 

3 hope afterwards to have no ground of complaint for such con- 



r that a copy of this minute be sent to New York Synod, 
hfr r of tlie school taken into consideration and continued. 

d till ten o'clock on Monday, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

June the 2d. Uhi post precea, sederunt qui supra. 

T- lod met according to appointment. 

M. xander Millar, from Ireland, appeared before this Synod, and beg- 

ged ttia^ -e would endeavour to procure a reconciliation between the Synod 
ofDanganon, or the Presbytery of Letterkenny and him; and he delivered a 
penitential acknowledgment to transmit to those gentlemen. 

Ordered, That Mr. Alexander McDowell write to Messrs. William Boyd, 
John Marshall, or John Holmes, and inclose his acknowledgment. 

A letter was laid before this Synod from the Rev. Mr. William McBaih, in 

Dublin, acquainting us that Dr. Leland, Dr. Duchal, Mr. Mears, and Mr. 

Widd, with other gentlemen, had sent a collection of books for the benefit of 

public schools, the use of students, and the encouragement of learning in this 

19 



318! MINUTBS QF TH£ 

infitnt church, to be diBposed of by tiiie Synod in the best manner to answ 
these good ends. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross and Alison write them a letter of thanks. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

P. M. Vbi poatprecess sederunt gtd supra* 

The S3mod met according to adjournment. 

Ordered, That application be made to the trustees of the German school 
to procure a sum of money to encourage our school, engaging to teach soon 
Dutch children the English tongue, and three or four boys Latin and Greek 
if they offer themselves : and that Mr. Sampson Smith open the school a 
Chesnut Level so soon as this favour [is obtained^ ; and that Messrs. Cross sd^ 
Alison draw up and present an address to the trustees of the German schools. 
If the sum obtained be less than twenty pounds currency, and not less tban 
fifteen pounds, the Synod shall allow to the school five pounds. 

'Tis agreed that the books sent from Dublin be the foundation of a publk 
library, under the care of the Synod. That books proper for our school in 
the country be lent to the master, and that he give his obligation to return the 
same indemnified, when demanded ; or if any be lost or damnified, that he re- 
pair the damages. And further, that any minister belonging to this Syoo^ 
may borrow any of the said books, and that they be allowed to keep a folio 
for one year, a quarto half a year, and an octavo, or a lesser volume, tor three 
months ; that they give their obligation for the full price of the volume, to le- 
turn it safe, or to pay damages. And if any book be detained beyond the 
time appointed, every minister so failing shall pay one shilling per month foe 
a folio, eight pence per month for a quarto, and four pence per month for oc- 
tavos and lesser volumes. 'Tis agreed likewise, to lend none of them beyond 
Potomac River ; and that the books be committed to the tmstees of the fund 
for ministers' widows, who shall choose a librarian, to take care of the library 
for these ends, and for the benefit of students of Divinity in the College oi 
Philadelphia. 

Appointed that Messrs. Cross, Boyd, Alison, McHenry, McDowell, T^i 
Smith, and McMordie, be the committee for the fund. 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May next. 

Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod met, according to adjournment, 

Philadelphia^ May the 26(h, 1756. Ubipost preces sederunit 

From the Philadelphia Presbytery: Messrs. Cross, Alison, Cowell, Guili 
-and McHenry. 

From Donegall: Mr. Tate. 

From New Castle: Messrs. Boyd, Alison, McDowell, McKennan, WilsoDt 
and Smith. 

Elders: Messrs. John Cross, Francis Alexander, Alexander Bryans, John 
Crossan, John Snodgrass, Andrew Boggs. 

Mr. Guild chosen moderator, and Mr. Smith clerk. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

* 

May 27th, at nine o'clock. A, M. The Synod met according to d- 
journment. Ubi post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Absent From Donefrall Presbytery: Messrs. Zanchy, Elder, Steel, Thom- 
son, Black, Craig, and McMordie. From New Casile: Mr. Gillespie. 

Mr. Tate, the last yearns moderator, opened tJie Synod with a sermon froB 
2 Cor. V. 20. 

Since our last ihe Rev. Mr. John Hamilum Was removed by deattu 



Ordi^' ftoyd, FrtnciB AUn*}'' MHlptOMnllt 
id ths modanlor, be the cominiBiuHrof ^itlBtltfmi, 
ttaiiM mt^agym, > ■-> 

ftired. 

M prodneed ihtax booki. the omisaion is greaAj 
idea to them to be mora cweful for the future. 
I had brondK tnj thing for the fiind, it wu fonnd 
I, OuUd, McHeniy, Bt^ Tite, MoKeuia]], Wil- 
yaghl >ome. 
iefvmA, 

»bytery appoint one of their ntimber to preach on 
le meetinge of the Synod, if leqvind. 
'fl and Sjruod'a funds deferred. 
Virginia and North Carolina, being taken imder 
it Mr, John Alison supply those racanciea neztfidl  
id recommend it to him, and all such u a»f be 
distant parts, to study in all their public adnusb- 
ntioiu, to promote peace and imity among the so^ 
er may tend to fcunent divisions and party spirit; 
of the gospel from the Synod of New York, of the 
1 temper, in a brottieily manner; aa ve denre to 
tot party designs. And the Synod reaolve to eend 
H to onr brethren of Ae Synod of New Yoikt 
id Ihe like conduct to any they send thither, 
ir suppliers sent to these dittant parts, carry a copy 

ck, P. M. Concluded wilh prayer. 

Tike Sgnodmet aeeording to adjoummtnt. UM 
t ^tn supttL 

lea of the last tederunt be read, 
deferred, 
om the Sjmod of New Toi^ was bion^l in and 

be Synod of New Tot)c, at their session in Phila- 
Ordered to be sent to the Synod of Philadelphia, 

hiladelf^ia Synod, at their coilTendon in May last, 
onion between the two Synods, was brought in and 
ose, that in order to an union, " all complaint* and 
lUy forgiven and bnried in perpetual obUvionf diat 
a two contiguous bodies of Ohfisdans agreed in 
ad nerer been concerned with one another befme, 
od BOW join the Synods and Preabyteriee nmrn 

terms as may secure peace and good order, tend U 
and advance religion hereaHer." 

obaerre, that it was agreed unanimonaly, bf the 
I at Trenton, that both sides ahonld be partictuar in 
bought necessary in order to onion; " and as some 
riptural and rational temu," our circnmstances ctm- 
Mited to by the Synod of Philadelphia ; we wtmld 
leJeended to these particnlars, that we might have 
ther there are groinoB to expect satiahction conoem- 
ir pt^osale concerning the continuance of Preeby- 
I IbsyAVW ati^ Md dw miu of n ' 



220 MINUTES OF TH£ 

munion mentioned in the year 1749, at Maidenhead* aeoond and third 
and article second at Newark, 1750, and firat article anno 1751t which 
wc esteem to be always rational and Scriptural terms. 

Wc readily agree, that " it is the command of Christ, and a necessary 
to Ibrgive offences in the present imperfect state, and that peace among G; 
tians cannot otherwise be preser\'ea.'* And we can assure our brethrea 
Philadelphia Synod, that our insisting on certain preliminaries, did not 
ceed, so far as we know ourselves, from humour or resentment, but from 
apprehending them necessary to preseri'e and promote the public intei 
religion amongst us. And Uiough some of our members desire leave lo 
dare, that '* they think themselves greaUy injured and offended in 
instances,'^ particularly in being charged in the protest, as the reasooi 
entering it, with several grievous crimes which they constanUy dedare 
not fact; yet for the sake of peace, and the good of this church, they 
tliemsclvcs willing to forgive such offences, so far as they are persooaL 

We also agree, that ** any member or members being aggrieved, and c 
ing no satisfying redress, even in the highest judicature, have a right to 
test, and require the same to be recorded. And as judicatures may not 
members this privilege, so neither can they disannul or withdraw such 
testation.*' ** The protesters themselves only can do this.** And we 
own that our insisting on the Synod's disannulling the protestation madt.: 
1741, could have no propriety in it, but from our apprehension that theS^ 
of Philadelphia, as a Synod, had approved and adopted said protestalioi^ 
And consequently, if our brethren shall declare, that in their Synodical ctM 
city, they do not adopt iu this will remove the ground of our insistiDg i^ 
further on tliis point with the Synod. j 

Further, we assure our brethren, that in meeting at Philadelphia, we vnaim 
did nor do design any opposition to their Synod. l*he only reason is, d 
case of many members, who are far distant to the southward and westwaid«i 
Philadelphia, and on that account cannot without insuperable difficidty da^ 
attend Synodical conventions ; which, we hope, will be a satisfying rem! 
for our conduct in this particular. j 

We apprehend with our brethren, that peace and union is of the utma4 
importance in the church of Christ, and are heartily willing to come iirtai 
coalition upon such Scriptural and rational terms, as may secure peace tfj 
good order, heal our broken churches, and advance religion hereafter. Nn 
do we insist on particulars with any otlier view, than that tlie proposed uitfi 
might effectually answer such valuable and important ends. 

Finally, as tlie protestation made in 1741, appears to be a principal obstiMK 
tion to the union of both Synods, which nothincf hitherto offered has beeniUi 
to remove, and as a great part of the present members of both Synods, SM 
such as were not directly active, nor immediately concerned in that proteftih 
tion ; and as the present minute of the Synod of Philadelphia, seems to ^'~ 



tinguish between tlie protesters and tlie Synod, and so gives us ground tosA 
pect, that tliey will satisfy us by declaring that they do not Synodically adopi 
said protestation: upon their doinff of which, we propose the following expoi 
dient for the entire removal of the aforesaid obstacles, to wit: That botk 
Synods unite upon tlie terms mentioned by this Synod in their particular pA^ 
posals made in the years referred to above, that one article respecting the pio 
testation excepted. That the Synod tlius composed of bodi liodiea, shaft 
immeiiiately after being constituted, proceed to hear and determine the dife 
ences between the protesters and those protested against, if needful. 

A true copy of the Synod*s minute. 

Per RicHABJ) Tl^KAT, Svnod derk. 
Orderedi Thai Messrs, Alison, McDowell* McUeniy, Cowdli and thi 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 221 

^Mienior, be a eommittee to prepare an answer to the minute received from 
^^ SyBod of New York, aeainst lo-morrow. 
;' The affair of the widows^ fund was taken into consideration. 
f « IhiBn. Cross and Alison inform us that the Honourable William Allen, 
f-Biq'r. and the other genUemen, were pleased to take into their hands the 
■Jtaiagement of the widows* fund in the beginning of last January; and that 
kf t correspondence with the Rev. Messrs. Wallace and Webster, in Edin- 
ftsgh, they find it necessary to make an alteration in their plan, which was 
^Mnimoosly approved as follows : 

- If any member die before five yearly payments are made by him to the 
i^HUDon stock, the widow shall be entitled to her annuity, only the half of it 
MiD be deducted, 'till what her husband hath paid into the common stock, 
Sl^fBther with said deductions, be equal to five years* payments or incomes of 
Wm full annuity ; and afterwards she shall have her full annuity, as before 
appointed. 

•'•Ordered, That Mr. Alison, who was chosen clerk and trustee for the fund, 
ivsrt the plan with said alteration. 

« -Agreed also. That application be made to his honour the governor, by 
Metsra. Cross, Alison, Boyd, Cowell, and McHenry, to obtain a charter for 
Ae above mentioned fund. 
Adjourned to nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

JU nbie o^clock^ A. M, The Synod met according to adjournment. Ubi 
po9t Pjyces^ sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, The minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The committee appointed to prepare an answer to the minute received from 
tm 8ynod of New York brought in one, which was read and unanimously 
iMioved, as follows : 

We are heartily willing and desirous, that the Synods of New York and 
fhOadelphia be united; and that all the Presbyteries belonging to both be 
Wi M as the members lie contiguous to one another; and that our union be not 
only in name, but in reality, and in love, and sincere aflection. This we 
imk will greatly advance the kingdom of Christ and vital holiness among us, 
ttd wiUy in many respects, be our common honour and our cx>mmon interest. 
Ve are willing to bury in perpetual oblivion, all our past diflerences and 
IMws of distinction, and to forgive all the injuries we have received, or ima- 
fM that we have received in times past. And we have the testimony of our 
consciences, that we study the things that make for peace, (as your Synod 
hnt recommended,) and we hope the Synod of New York, and that the 
v«ld will testify the same for us. 

We desire to unite^n the same terms, on which the members of both Sy- 
nods were united when one body. And we are glad to join witli the Synod 
of New YoriL in an expedient to cut ofif all debates about the protestation 
Bade in 1741 . We allow the protesters the right of private judgment, and you 
will allow that we ** neither can disannul nor withdraw their protestation ;** 
btt in a Simodical capacity, at your desire, we declare and do assure you, 
Alt we neither adopted nor do adopt said protestation as a term of ministerial 
oooununion; it was never mentioned to any of our members as a term of com- 
monioii more than any of the other protestations delivered into our Synod on 
oeeamon of those differences. We only adopt and desire to adhere to our 
itandards, as we agreed when formerly united in one body, we adopt no 

other. 

We refer these proposals to the serious consideration of the Synod of New 
York; we are in earnest for peace and union, and we hope they are so too. 
Am it may be necessary that a committee of both Synods meet to adjust mat- 
19* 



^22 MINUTES OP THE 

ten previous to an union, we appoint the commisaion of our &yno d» .M iaaAf 
notice given, to meet with such members as they may appoint for iiuB fim 
pose, at Philadelphia or any other convenient place. 

A supplication from the congregations of Cook*s Creek and Pecked !!«■• 
tain, requesting us to receive Mr. Alexander Millar as a full member, aid tR 
appoint his instalment as their regular pastor, was brought in and reed. 

The Synod, after considering their request, find it necessary to wail til 
they receive an answer from the Synod in Ireland, if they think fit to ssai 
one this season ; but resolve, that as he has offered satisfaction to that 8jwdt 
by our mediation, and has behaved so as to be well respected as a ministor 
among us, if either the Synod of Ireland send us no answer, or infonn ofl dHl, 
they have accepted his submission, we do order Messrs. Black and Craig ts| 
receive him as a member, and instal him, provided they find his condnciii: 
that part of Christ's vineyard such as becomes a gospel minister. Anditifti 
ordered, that letters be written by Mr. Boyd to those brethren to this porpoM^. 
by Mr. John Alison, or some other proper hand, in the fall when the ski|ii 
are arrived from Ireland. 

Ordered, That a copy of this minute be given to the commissioner ef ths 
above mentioned congregations. 

The affair of the school referred. 

Adjourned to three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o^ clock, P, M, Ubi post preces sederunt qiH supra* 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last seaerunt be read. 

The affair of the school came under consideration, and allowed that Hr. 
Smith be paid out of the Synod's fund for the year past, if the trustees of 9is 
German schools be unwilling to pay him, and that for his encoura^ment for 
the ensuing year, he be allowed ten or twelve pounds, provided tne trustees 
of the German schools refuse to continue their encouragement, as we expect. 

Appointed, That the committee for the fund meet at ten o'clock to-monow 
morning. 

Adjourned to the fourth Wednesday of May next. Concluded with prayer. 

Philadelphia, May the 26/A, 1797. 

The Synod met at Philadelphia^ according to adjournment, Ubi poii 
preces sederunt. 

Of Donegall Presbytery: Messrs. Thomson, Tate, Steel, and McMordie. 

Of Philadelphia Presbytery: Messrs. Cross, Alison, and Kinkead. 

Oi New Casde Presbytery: Messrs. Boyd, McDowell, Smith, McKennaOt 
Millar, and Wilson. 

Elders: Andrew Thomson, Patrick Campbell, Robert McPherson, JohB 
Cross, Daniel Henderson, James Pagan, Robert McKnight, John Mustar^f 
Matthew Wallace. 

Absent of Donegall Presbytery: Messrs. Elder, Zanchy, Black, Craig. 
*' of Philadelphia: Messrs. Cowell and Guild. 
** of New Castle: Messrs. Alison and Gillespie. 

The last year's moderator being absent, the Synod was opened byMr< 
Smith, with a sermon on Phil. iii. 8. 

Mr. Boyd was chosen moderator, and Mr. Smith clerk. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last year be read. 

The Presbytery of Philadelphia inform us, that the Rev. Mr. McHenry is 
dead since our last meeting. 

The Presbytery of New Castle inform us, that the Rev. Mr. John Milk^ 
has been admitted a member by them since our last. 

The reasons of Messrs. Thomson and McMordie for their absence were 
sustained. 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPmA. 333 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, Francis Alison, Steel, Cowell, McDowell, 
• .Tate, McKennan, Smith, and the moderator, be the commission of the Synod, 
and committee for the fund the ensuing year, and that any three, with the 
"Moderator, be a quorum. 

The affair of the fund deferred. 

Ordered, That the Presbyteries be more punctual in bringing their books 
; for the future. 

Inquiry being made who brought any thing for the fund, it was found that 
..Messrs. Tate, Boyd, Smith, Cross, McKennan, Wilson, brought some. 

The affair of the school deferred. 
u The affair of the Synod's and widows* fund deferred. 
« Tlie consideration of the supplications from Virginia and North Carolina 
^deferred. 

^' According to the Synod's appointment, Messrs. Cross and Alison have ap- 
tflied to the Honourable Proprietors at home, for a charter in behalf of the 
'iridows' fund, by a petition, which is as follows : 

To the Honourable Thomas Penn, and Richard Penn, true and absolute 

'voprietora of the province of Pennsylvania, and the counties of New Castle, 

Kent, and Sussex, upon Delaware. 

The petition of the Presbyterian Synod of Philadelphia, humbly sheweth: 

That your petitioners have, many of them, lived long in this province with 

great satisfaction, and have, all, endeavoured to promote religion, virtue, and 

industry, amongst the people under our care, and to impress deep on their 

Binds a lasting sense of their blessings under the best of kings, and in a pro- 

. lince distinguished for civil and religious liberty. 

As our lot is cast among people who are generally in low circumstances, 

ind many of them forming new settlements in the frontier counties, and, as 

we have no other support but a small and very uncertain income from the 

Jjpod will of our people, joined with our own labour, we have always found 

It difficult to make any tolerable provision for our families; and have often, 

vith sorrow and regret, seen the widows and children of great and good men, 

who were once of our number, very much pinched and distressed by want 

and poverty, without being able to afford them suitable relief. 

[ To remedy these evils, as far as we can in our circumstances, your honours* 

petitioners, in imitation of the laudable example of the (Jhurch of Scotland, 

have agreed to raise a small fund for the benefit of ministers' widows and 

helpless children, belonging to this Synod, by obliging ourselves to contribute 

> small sum out of our yearly incomes for this purpose. But there are bad 

economists in every society, and having begun our fund about a year ago, we 

fiod that those men among us are most backward to' pay their quotas, whose 

bmilies will stand in most need of relief when they are dead ; and, as our 

agreement is voluntary, without the aid of a law to oblige us to perform our 

engagements, and, as we tliought it our duty to lay our proceedings before 

your honours, we must humbly intreat you to take our circumstances under 

your consideration. You will merit the blessings of the widow and fatherless, 

and lay us under the strongest obligations of gratitude and affection, if you be 

pleased to make us a corporation by your charter, and enable us to sue and be 

sued, and to raise and hold a capital stock not exceeding one thousand pounds 

for twenty ministers, and so in proportion for a greater or smaller number, the 

interest of which shall be employed yearly, only to relieve the widows and 

children of the Presbyterian ministers belonging to the Synod of Philadelphia, 

or to assist ministers of our Synod in frontier settlements, or such as by age 

or infirmities are not able to get a subsistence. 

As the parliament of England granted the like favour to the ministers of the 
Church of Scotland, 1743* As t^ will, in all probability, confine our synodi- 



2S4 MINUTES OF THE 

cal meetings to this city and province, which some are industriouslr 
TOuring to remove to New Jersey ; as some of our number, as weU m tWr 
people, who are in great distresses by the barbarity of restless and savage Ii*i 
dians, will account it their great comfort and advantage to have such a pre w* 
sion made for their families, and, as we design to be burdensome to no boAf^ 
but to raise this fund out of our own narrow incomes, and as we can witbf 
great truth assure your honours, that none are more loyal and dutiful subjeeH^ 
to his majesty, nor more firmly attached to the proprietary family and inta^ 
ests ; from sdl these considerations we greatly hope and depend that jotF 
honours will favour us with your countenance and protection, and will bs so 
good as to give proper instructions to our governor to grant us a charter for' 
Sie purposes already mentioned, and your petitioners as in duty boimd shiD i 
pray. ^^■ 

Signed by order of the Synod of Philadelphia. ii 

•V 

Ordered, That the money already paid continue in the hands of our treafuiv^ 
and clerk as formerly, until some answer to this, our petition, be received. - 

The commissions of the Synod's of Philadelphia and New York^ met il^ 
the place appointed, and reported to their Synods the result of the ccmferenci)- 
pnrsuant hereunto the Synod of New York sent us a copy of a minute, request* 
mg that commissions of both Synods meet on the Monday next preceding the 
meeting of both Synods, according to our agreement, to prepare matters far 
both Synods and their happy union. 

Ordered, That the commission of our Synod meet with the commissioDef 
the Synod of New York for this purpose, on the Monday immediately befort' 
the meeting of our Synod. 

A supplication from Cook's Creek and Pecked Mountain, requesting^ 
we should receive Mr. Alexander Millar as a member, and that his instalmest 
be appointed as their pastor in the Lord. 

The Synod unanimously agree to receive him as a member, and order, thil 
Mr. Craig install him accordingly, at some convenient time before the first of 
next August. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

May 26th, nine o^ clock, A, M, The Synod met according to adjournment, 
Ubi post preces, sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
Upon reading the absents from Donegal!, it was observed that Messrs. 
Black and Craig have neglected attending on the Synod for some considerable 
time. Ordered, that Mr. McDowell write to these brethren, and signify Aat 
the Synod expects either that they will attend or write, and that in case rf 
failure, the Synod will be obliged to disown them as members. Ordered like* 
wise, that he write to Mr. Craig, and inform him that Mr. Alexander Milbr 
is received as a member, and that he install him some convenient time before 
the first of August next; and also, that he give him to understand that it is the 
judgment of the Synod, that he ought to l^ content with the bounds fixed hj 
the committee appointed for that purpose. 
The affair of the fund deferred. 

The several members who brought any thing for the fund, paid the trci- 
surer as follows : 

d £ 8 d 

Mr. Smith, 10 

M. Wilson, 15 

9 
The afifair of the Synod's and widows' fimd deferred. 





£ 


• 


Mr. McKennan, 


1 





Mr. Tate, 


1 


2 


Mr. Boyd, 


1 


8 



SYNOD OF BHILADEIf HIA. 285 

The cooaideralkm of the sapplicatioiifl from Yii^ginia and Carolina resumed. 

lOydeiedf That Mr. Millar supply the following settlements in order, in the 
Ul« each one Sabbath day, viz : Gather's setdement, Osbom's, Morison's, 
Jeisey's on Atkin, Buffler s, Hawfield's, and Baker's setdements. And that 
BIr. Craig supply the same setdements, each one Sabbath day in the spring, 
together vrith Brown's North and South Mountain, and Calf-Pasture setde- 
BMBtfl in Virgifiia, each, at least, one Sabbath day before our next Synod, 
tod that they preach to letter congregations on week days as oflen as they 



• Ordered, That a copy of this minute be sent to these people and to Mr. 
^ Cndg, by Mr. Millar, and also by Mr. Tate. 

: The 63mod being informed, that the honourable trustees of the fund for the 
; German emigrants, &c. in Pennsylvania, have generously received our peti- 
'■ tioD, requesting their favour and assistance to encourage learning, and to 
' Biintain a school or schools under the care of this Synod, and have trans* 
med it to the honourable trustees, for the same purpose, in London, and 
bnre recommended the Synod, and their pious and good designs, so efiectu* 
lUy to their regard, that diey have been pleased to grant our request. , Or- 
dered, that Messrs. Cross and Alison, wait on the honourable trustees at their 
sot meeting, and, in the name of the Synod, gratefully acknowledge their 
fitrours ; and that they do whatever else may be necessary in said affair. And 
that, if Mr. Provost Smith come here, Mr. Cross thank him in the name of 
the Synod, for the particular regard he has shown, and care he has taken. 

The supplication from the Great Valley was taken under consideration. 
Ordered, that Mr. Alison supply the Great Valley in the month of September, 
and administer the sacrament; that Mr. Steel supply two Sabbaths before 
SBrnest; Mr. McKennan the third of July, and Mr. Guild the second of 
Aagust and the second Sabbath of November, and Mr. Cowell the first of 
MiSch. Ordered, that the Sabbath immediately before the Synod, Mr. Tate 
^iply the Great Valley, and Mr. Smith, Nornngton. 
Adjourned to four o'clock, P. M. 
Concluded with prayer. 

At four 6* clock, P. M. Tlie Synod met according to adjournment. Ubi 
post preces, sederunt qui supra. 

The Rev. Mr. William Smith, Provost of the College of Philadelphia, 
vaited on the Synod ; when Mr. Cross, according to order, returned the thanks 
of the Synod to him for his particular care and pains taken, in transmitting our 
petition to the honourable trustees of the fund for the German emigrants in 
London; which Messrs. Cross and Alison had presented to the honourable 
tnstees in this province, to be, for the approbation of the honourable trustees 
tbere, by them transmitted thither, and which is as follows : 

To the tnistees general of the society schools for the instruction of poor 
Germans, dsc. in Pennsylvania, and the adjacent British colonies, the petition 
of die Synod of Philadelphia humbly showeth. 

That we, your petitioners, opened a public school about twelve years ago, 
when learning was under great discouragements, and opportunities of educar 
tion scarce in this and the neighbouring provinces, and gave instructions 
pitis for some years, to all ranks and denominations that pleased to accept of 
tbesame. 

That we have sdll continued to instruct cheap, and the poor for nothing, 
^ halve had the pleasure to see a number educated under our care, who have 
^ of public service. As there is a fair prospect of making this province 
^be seat of learning in diis part of the world, we think it would eontnbute 



336 MINUTES OF THE 

much to the growth of the College in thif city, to rapport and 
schools in the country, to provide them with able masters, and to keep 
under proper directions. 

And as you are engaged in an useful undertaking of Ais natore, your 
tioners have ipade bold to plead for your countenance, and some assi 
enable us to continue our school. We have the juster reasons to hope 
this favour, because our school has been as free to the Germans as any 
nation, and two of the present reformed German ministers, bom in this 
try, were educated there ; and because your petitioners understand thtl 
mother church of Scotiand have greatly promoted the charity under 
management. 

That we may share your bounty in a way agreeable to your genenme 
we propose to remove our school to Chesnut Level, where some poor ' 
scattered in that neighbourhood, may have their children taught cratis, to 
and write En^ish, if favoured with your assistance, and we will also 
certain numb^ of Germans the Latin and Greek languages, in order lo 
pare them for the ministry, if they apply for this advantage. And is 
Grerman inhabitants about the river Susquehannah and the lower parts of' 
estogo are wealthy, and may have lodgings cheap in a country place, 
doubt not but they will be encouraged to send their sons to our, as wells 
public school. 

As our request seems agreeable to the pious design of the donon, 
support your good and useful institution ; and as it may be greatly sei 
to the interests of religion, virtue, and learning, in this piovince, yonr 
tioners entertain great expectations from your generosity and goodness, 
indeed, our circumstances are so low, that we are no longer able to beer 
necessary expenses, but must dismiss our school, unless we can procue 
assistance. 

Your petitioners have ordered Messrs. Cross and Alison to wait od 
with this petition and receive your instructions. If you find it is agreetbis 
your public design, we eamesQy request, that you would be pleased at pm 
sent, to grant us some assistance, and that you recommend us to the aooM 
in England for the time to come. And your petitioners as in duty bow 
shall pray. 

Signed, by order of the Synod, by 

William Donaldson, Synod deik. 
June 2rf, 1765. 

The Provost presented to the Synod the resolves of the trustees uponw 
Synod's address, which are as follows : 

June Uih, 1755. 

Met at Mr. Allen's house near Germantown, the following trustees, vtf 
Messrs. Allen, Peters, Franklin, and Smith. 

And, taking into their consideration, the aforesaid petition of the Synod ll 
Philadelphia, were under some difficulty how to act concerning it On il 
one hand they thought, that to grant the petition in favour of an English 8] 
nod, might give offence to the Germans, who generally considered this durii 
as intended solely for their own particular benefit. The trustees were abo< 
opinion that it did not fall directly under the great design for promoting i 
English tongue among the Germans. But they considered on the other fafli 
the pleas urged by the petitioners. They knew it to be a truth, that the 8 
nod of Philadelphia, at a time when ignorance, even among the ministry, w 
like to overrun the whole province, had begun, and with much difficulty, ki 
supported a public school under the Rev. Mr. Francis Alison; and that nm 
able ministers, and some of them Dutch, had been educated in the said seiMM 



SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 227 

he tratteoi were also of opinion, that it was no amall aigument in favour of 
I petitionen« that the mo^er church of Scotland had contributed so largely 
this useinl charity, and that, if any future application to said church should 
necessary, the interest and recommendation of the Synod of Philadelphia 
ight be useful in that respect, as well as in countenancing the several schools 
their present infant state, and educating, according to their proposal, some 
mng men for the Dutch ministry, gratis. 

In consideration of all which, it was resolved to grant twenty-five pounds 
irrency for one year to assist the said Synod to support their said public school 
I the following terms, viz : 

1. That it shall be under the same common government with the other free 
ihools, and be subject to the visitations of the trustees general or their depu- 
M, appointed upon the recommendation of the Synod. 

8. That the master shall teach four Dutch or English gratis, upon the re- 
mmendation of the trustees general, to be prepared for the ministry, and lea 
lor Dutch children in the English tongue gratis, if so many offer. 

9. That the deputy trustees, together with the master, and any of the 
Bigy, visit the school, at least once a quarter, and send down a statement 
•reof to be transmitted by the general trustees to the honourable society. 
Agreed that this case be transmitted to the honourable society, to obtain 
eir directions thereupon. 

Ordered, That the terms of the trustees be complied with ; and that Messrs. 

Dyd and McDowell, Moses Irwin, James Marshal, Martin Beam, and Jacob 

raft, be recommended as deputy trustees for the ensuing year, and visit 

e school every quarter, the third Tuesday, commencing with the third 

aesday of August next, if the trustees general approve. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Millar and Smith draw up some reasons for a gene- 

1 fast within our bounds, against our next. 

'Tie agreed that the school be continued under Mr. Smithes care for another 

Hr, with the usual encouragement from the German schools. 

The affair of the fund deferred. 

The consideration of the fast deferred. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

May 27th. Nine d* clocks A. M. Ubi post preces, aedenmi qui supra* 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The members appointed to draw up reasons for a general fast within our 
OQnds, brought them in, and they were read and amended as follows : 

The Synod taking under serious consideration the melancholy state of the 
kitish dominions, and their allies, the danger of the Protestant interest in 
eoeral, and particularly of the English colonies of America, arising from the 
xmidable combination of antichristian powers in Europe, and the shocking 
Ppredations and barbarities of the heathen on our borders, influenced and 
hatted by the perfidious, restless enemies of our civil and religious liberties ; 
I also the abounding profanity and wickedness of all ranks and degrees of 
en; the awful contempt cast upon the glorious gospel of Christ, not only by 
professed infidelity of its open adversaries, but likewise by the unbelief, 
^pocrisy, unchariiableness, and loose practices of its professed friends; and 
iag deeply sensible of, and affected with, the ungrateful abuse and misim- 
tivement of the many priviieffcs we have long enjoyed; our peace, pleDly» 
d liberty having been turned into wantonness, pride, and lirnifiniisne|it 
4 being firmly persuaded that for these things God is testifying his ^--*— 
rs against us, both at home and abroad, by a cdamitous 




'I , 

I 



r - 



<{3g MINUTES OF THE 

are involved, while an amazing insensibility generallT prerult vnder the ^ 
sent gloomy appearances of Divine Providence, and a want of pobliB-s|iirit, 
and zeal for the common good; do, for these and the like Teaaons, jeoommmi 
the twenty-third day of June next, to be observed by the people beLongi^g H 
the Synod, as a day of public humiliation, fasting, and prayer, thioof^M 
their bounds, to bewail our aggravated and crying sins, to dc»procatellied» 
served wrath of heaven, and to implore the divine mercy and f or gi vena il 
Aat the Spirit of Grace may be poured out upon us ; that, as a people^ H 
may turn unto the Lord by a sincere repentance ; that €rod would p m se i w 
and bless our gracious king, direct his counsels, go forth with his fleetml 
armies, and also those of his allies, and crown them with success; that he 
would guard and defend our sea coasts and- frontiers against all the deagiMf 
our enemies ; that he would preserve to us our invaluable liberties^ both mA 
and religious ; that he would yet bless us with fruitful seasons, mercifollf 
heal all our divisions, and cause our present confusions happily to termimi 
in the glorious advancement of the peaceful kingdom of our Lord Jesus CboA 
Accordingly it is ordered, that all our ministers represent these things toitfie 
people under our care, and excite them to these solemn exercises, andt^r 
that end, suit their sermons and prayers, on that day, to the important 
sion. 

Signed, by order of the Synod, by 

Adam Boyd, Moderator. 
Ordered, That the commission for the fund meet immediately at Mr. 
Cross's. 
Adjourned to the fourth Wednesday of May next. ^ ^ 

Concluded with prayer. , 

The Synod met according to adjournment, 

At Philadelphia, May 24/A, 1758. Ubi postprecea $edenaA, 

Of Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Cross, Dr. Alison, Cowell, Guifi ^ 
Kinkead. ' 

Of Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. Tate, Steel. 

Of New Castle Presbytery: Messrs. Boyd, McDowell, Hector AlisOHi 
Smith, Millar, McKennan. 

Elders: John Johnston, James Piper, James Kerr, Moses Irvin, Jaatf - 
Edwards. 

Absent of New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Gillespie and Wilson. 
** of Donegall: Messrs. Zanchy, Elder, Thomson, McMordie, VM 
Craig, Alexander Miller. 

Dr. Alison opened the Synod with a sermon on Eph. iv. 1 — 8. 

Mr. Smith chosen moderator, Mr. Millar clerk. 

Ordered, That the minutes of last Synod be read. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, Dr. Alison, Cowell, Steel, Tate, Boy4 
McDowell, Hector Alison, McKennan, and the moderator, be the commit' 
sion of the Synod, and committee for the fund for the ensuing year, and tM 
three, with the moderator, be a quorum. '.» 

Inquiry being made who had brought any thing for the fund, it was fMd 
that Messrs. Cross, Boyd, Smith, Hector Alison, Miller, McKennan, Chddl 
Tate, had brought. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet at Mr. Crosses hooas^ 
morrow morning at eight o* clock. 

Adjourned to three o'clock in the afternoon to-morrow. 

Concluded with prayer. 



i/i 



SYNQP OF PHILAJ^BM^HIA. ^ 

l&tjl 2MA, at three d^doek. Ubi poet preeeseedwunt qtd wpra. 
ne Sjnod met acoording to adjoonnneiit. 
rdered, That the minutes of last tederwU be read, 
rdered to proceed in reading the minutes of last year, 
he commission of this Synod report, that they met with the commission 
e Synod of New York on Monday last, accoriding to the appointment of 
^jnod ; and, that after mutual coniference on the ^air of uniting the two 
)dB, a plan of union was formed by the two commissions, which they 
sd should be proposed to each Synod, 
rdered. That the said plan be read. 

he plan was read, and considered for some time, and the furtlier consid- 
3n of it deferred till to-morrow. 
Ijoumed till nine o'clock to-morrow morning, and concluded with prayer. 

May 2fUh, at nine o*dackf A. M. Ubi pott preee$t tedemnt qui mpra. 

he Synod met according to adjournment. 

rdered. That the minutes of last sederunt be read. 

he plan of union was further considered. 

letter was ordered to be wrote to the Rev. Dr. William Leechman, PfO- 

T of Divinity in the UniTcrsity of Glasgow, which was done, and is as 

ws z 

PkUadelpkia, May 29th, 1758. 
sry Reverend Sir, — ^Though we have not the honour of personal ac- 
itance with you, yet your distinguished character and praises in the 
shes of Christ, and eminent station in the University of Glasgow, are 
known to us, and to the churches in these American colonies, and we 
d much esteen^ a correspondence with you, if your more important affairs 
It allow it. We presume to give you this trouble now, requesting you to 
n for yourself, and to present to dke learned Professors of the University 
jpratefiil acknowledgments for the late mark of your regard to the Rev. 
Francis Alison, a member of this Synod, in conferring a degree of Doctor 
ivinity on him. He is a gendeman of good character, a public spirit, and 
esteemed as a preacher. He has been very industrious and successful 
omoting learning in this part of the world, both before and since he was 
d to a public station in the college and academy in this city; and we hope 
ill ever behave so as to deserve your regard. Such honours conferred 
len of confessed worth here, may much encourage learning and public 
dness, and may be of service to our church, as we have anomer denomi- 
n among us, whose ministers are frequency honoured with such titles, 
shall ever think it an honour to our Synod to enjoy the favour of that 
srsity, and particularly of Dr. Leechman. 
e are. Reverend Sir, your very obliged humble servants. 
Signed by order of the Synod of Philadelphia, by 

Sampson Smith, Moderator. 

[Mm reading the answer given by the trustees of the German schools in 
province, Sfr. Gross informed that the honourable trustees general, in 
and, had complied with the Synod's petition, as appears by an eztraet of 
er from them to the Rev. Mr. WHliam Smi^, one of the trustees here, 
h was laid before the Synod, and was as follows: 
ctraet of Dr. Chandler's letter to the Rev. Mr. Smith, received by Mr. 
h September 14th, 1757. 

STov. 27th, last, upon the petition of the Synod of Pennsylvania, and the 
nmendation of our trustees, we have agreed to allow thirty pooiidi ster- 
per annum, toward the support of the school mentioiiad to be ereeled by 
«0 



IM 



iitND nUaHnBBMir HHiV IBH OniU MmmE. 

iipt amoDf odwr Imhi^ s bM aoBber « 
Bm>Iu for thdr we, tai iM oTiItt OeraMB 
be Hem Offer to je« | « mm, «i letet, at I ob fM m 

Ordered, TbUMeHn. CnMi, Dr. AUmmi, MeDBHl, 
be a conunitSBe Id eelde with PnmMt Smidi, die 
Ikm of die hoBooidble troafeee to die SvBod* 

Agieed dial die adiool be eo mim ieJ oader Mr. 
year, with the aaoal eneomagemeiii ham the fnid te Uk 
to three o'dock, and eondoded with pnfv. 




stqntu 

AjneM by the Synod, at Ifr* Croet'a leqneit, thai die box 
the Synod*! fiind, and aD pertaining theieio, be pm imo Dr. 
tnift* 

The oonfideration of the plan of union was leanmed, and 
ptopoted. And the Synod being infimned tliai a commiUBe had 
pointed by die two oommisriona to prefmre the fint dmcht of ihia pfao^l 
wit, Messrs. Hector Alison, Miller, Smith, and McDowd, of oor 
with Messrs. Boetwick, Davis, Snnnel Finly, and Bhur, of the other 
mission: Ordered, That Mr* McDowell go and inform the Synod of 
Torit, now sitting, that this Synod has considered the ]^an for union, and 
•ires, when they hare likewise done so, die same committee may meet, 
communicate to each other the ooneetions proposed in each Synod. 

Mr. McDoweUpresendy returned, and reports that the Synod of New T( 
agreed to the motion. 

Ordered, That the committee meet accordingly to-morrow. 

Adjourned till nine o'doek on Monday morning, and concluded wiij 
prayer. 

May 29/&, ai tdne o^doek on Monday morning the Synod meit etfti 
preeet^ iederuni qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of last session be read. 

Our members of the committee appointed to meet with those of New Yod 
Synod, report that they met on Saturday last, and communicated the ameoA 
ments proposed by each Synod in the plan of union, and oonfemd upM 
them. 

Ordered, That diese membera lay the amendments proposed by the Syad 
of New York before this S3mod, which they did. 

The Synod considered them, and agreed diey should be allowed* 

Ordered, l*hat the same members of the above mentioned committee is- 
form the Synod of New York of this agreement 

The members went and informed them accordingly, and soon retamedv 
and acquainted this Sjnaod that the Synod of New York had also agreed Is 
admit the amendments proposed in this S3mod, and therefore thouriitthv 
affair was npw ripe for the two Synods to meet together and oomj^ls die 
agreement. 

The plan as now prepared was finally put to the vote, and was unanimooi- 
ly approved as a satisfactory plan for uniting upon. 

Agreed diat diis Synod meet widi the Synod of New York at three o*clo(^ 
P» M. and Uiat diis be notified to them. 

Adjourned till tb^ee o'docd^ P. M^ M oonduded with mom; 



SYNOD OF PHBLADBLPHIA. 2^| 

N. B. M three c^doek, P.M.theiUH} Sunode met. 
» plan of ankm was now read before them* and unammonaly agreed to* 
s S3modB being now united, a new book was opened, and me whole 
ad articles of union entercKl, as may be seen in that book, where the 
ss of the new united Synod are recorded. 



»art7 which withdrew from the Sjmod of Philadelphia, the reasons and 
T of whose secession are stated in the foregoing records, subsequently 
1 themselves into a Synod, under the style of the 83mod of New York, 
cing the Presbyteries of New Yoik, New Brunswick, and New Castle, 
first meeting was held in the year 1745, and their last in 1758, at 
time a re-union of the two parties was effected as above recited. The 
i8 of this body form the next link in the documentary history of the 
fTterian Church in the United States. 



■f « # ' 



I 



' 2S2 



•T .\ 

'Ml 



PART THIRD, 



MINUTES OF THE SYNOD OF NEW YORK* 

FROM A. D. 1745 to 1758. 



1 



Elizabethtown^ New Jersey^ SqUember 19(A| 17( 

The ministers and elders whose names are presently to be inaertedt 
Tened and formed themselves into a Synod, under the name or tiik of 
Synod of New York. ' . . ' '^ 

Ministers of the Presbytery of New York: Messrs. Jonathan Didutm 
John Pierson, Ebenezer Pemberton, Simon Horton, Aaron BuxTyABdA 
Horton, Timothy Jones, Eliab Byram, Robert Sturgeon. 

Ministers of New Brunswick Presbytery: Messrs. Gilbert TeiuMDtf Joi^ik 
Lamb, William Tennent, Richard Treat, James McCrea, William BoImimIi 
David Youngs, Charles Beatty, Charles McKnight ^ 

Ministers of New Castle Presbytery: Messrs. Samuel Blair, SamiidRi'l 
ly, Charles Tennent, John Blair. 'I 

Elders: Joseph Woodnifie, Nathaniel Hazard, Joseph Prudden, Benjauii 
Leonard, John Ayres, Samuel Hazard, Robert Cummins, John Craig, Riehfli 
Walker, Peter Peryen, John Love, Alexander Moody. 

The ministers and elders before mentioned, first considered and agitrf 
upon the following articles, as the plan and foundation of their syDom 
union. 

1. They agree that the Westminster Confession of Faith, with the huff^ 
and Shorter Catechisms, be the public confession of their faith in such miif 
ner as was amed unto by the Synod of Philadelphia, in the year 1720; ^ 
to be inserted in the latter end of this book. And they declare their appnkf 
tion of the Directory of the Assembly of Divines at Westminster, as the gcw* 
ral plan of worship and discipline. 

2. They agree that in matters of discipline, and those things that xelats to 
the peace and good order of our churches, they shall be determined according 
to the major vote of ministers and elders, with which vote every member 
shall actively concur or pacifically acquiesce : but if any member canaot-iB 
conscience agree to the determination of the majority, but supposes hiniidf 
obliged to act contrary thereunto, and the Synod think themselves obligedl,lo 
insist upon it as essentially necessary to the well-being of our ehurehes^'V 
that case such dissenting member promises peaceably to withdraw from v 
body, without endeavouring to raise any dispute or contention upon the 4^ 
bated point, or any unjust alienation of afiection from them. 

3. If any member of their body supposes that he hath any thing to oljeet 
against any of his brethren with respect to error in doctrine, immorality in 
life, or negligence in his ministry, he shall not on any account, propagate tbe 
scandal, untu the person objiected against is dealt with according to me nibs 
of the gospel, and the known methckbi of their discipline. > ' 



SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 233 

4. They afree, that all who have a competeDt degree of ministerial know- 
sdget are orthodox in their doctrine, regular in their lives, and diligent in their 
ndeavoun to promote the important designs of vital Godliness, and that will 
nbmit to their discipline, shall be cheerfully admitted into their communion. 

And they do also agree, that in order to avoid all divisive methods among 
iieir ministers and congregations, and to strengthen the discipline of Christ in 
lie churches in these parts, they will maintain a correspondence with the 
\ym}d of Philadelphia in this their first meeting, by appointing two of their 
Bembers to meet with the said Synod of Philadelphia at their next convention, 
nd to concert with them such measures as may best promote the precious 
nterests of Christ's kingdom in these parts. 

And that they may in no respect encourage any factious separating practices 
V principles; they agree that they will not intermeddle with judicially hear- 
Dg the complaints, or with supplying with ministers and candidates such 
mties of men, as shall separate from any Presbyterian or Congregational 
thnrches, that are not within their bounds, unless the matters of controversy 
le submitted to their jurisdiction or advice by both parties. Thereupon, 

The Synod opened by prayer. 
- Mr. Jonathan Dickinson chosen moderator, Mr. Ebenezer Pemberton chosen 
^k. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning at nine of the clock. 
. Concluded with prayer. 

. Mih day^ at nine of the clocks ante meridiem. Post precest sederunt qui 
tupra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Ordered, That the moderator and Mr. Pierson do correspond with the Sy- 
nod of Philadelphia at their next session. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, Samuel Blair, and Ebenezer Pem- 
IftrtOD, do draw up a testimony to the work of God's glorious grace, which 
bas been carried on in these parts of the land, and bring it in for the approba- 
ioQ of the Synod at their next sederunt. 

The circumstances of Virginia being brought under consideration, and the 
wide door that is opened for the preaching of the gospel in these parts, with a 
hopeful prospect of success, the Synod are unanimously of the opinion, that 
llr. Robinson is the most suitable person to be sent among them, and accord- 
ingly they do earnestly recommend it to him to go down and help them as 
•ton as his circumstances will permit him, and reside there for some months. 

An interloquitur of the ministers of the Synod, appointed to meet at half an 
hour past two, post meridiem. 

The Synod adjourned till four of the clock, P. M. 

Concluded with prayer. 

Four of the clock, P. M. Post preces, sederunt qui supra, 
.J Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The interloquitur met according to appointment. 

Messrs. Tennent, Pemberton, and Blair, brought in a testimony to the work 
of God's grace among us, according to appointment, which was unanimously 
^proved. But the original being lost it cannot be inserted here. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning, at nine of the clock. 

Concluded with prayer. 

21 «/ day, at nine of the dock, A. M. Postvreces, sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt j>e read. 
MoMmu Pierson, Gilbert Temient, WiUiam Tmrnest, Burr, Samuel Blair, 
20* 



334 MINUTES OF THE 

Flnly, Pemberton, and the moderator, are appointed to be a edmmMOii 
the Synod for the ensuing year. '" 

The 8ynod adjourned to the second Wednesday of October, 1740, andftei \ 
to meet at New York. Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod convened according to appointment, > 

New York^ October 9M, 1746. UbipMtpreee$ wedenai^ 

Ministers: Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, Samuel Blair, Samnel F1iilj» 
Aaron Burr, Azariah Horton, Charles Beatty, Charies McKnig^t, John Ro^ 
Ebenezer Pemberton. ' ' 

Elders : Messrs. Richard Walker, William Eagles. 

Ministers absent: Messrs. Joseph Lamb, Gilbert Tennent, William f4e 
nent, Richard Treat, James McCrea, David Youngs, Charles Tennent, JA 
Blair, David Bostwick, Thomas Arthur, John Grant, Andrew Hunter, Joli 
Pierson, Eliab Byram, Simon Horton, Timothy Jones, David firainerd, B9' 
bert Sturgeon, Eleazer Wales, and William Dean. 

The Synod was opened by a sermon from Psal. xxiv. 4, preached by Mr. 
Dickinson, the last year's moderator. 

Mr. Pemberton chosen moderator, Mr. Finly clerk. 

The Synod is informed that most of the absent members were upon flieir 
journey to New York to attend the Synod, but were prevented through if 
prehensions of the small pox and other difficulties. 

Our Reverend brother, Mr. WillisUn Robinson, is departed this life flaw 
our last meeting. 

Ordered, That the minutes of our last session be read. 

The small pox prevailing in Philadelphfa in May last, prevented Messrs. 
Dickinson and Pierson from corresponding with the Synod of Philadelphia al 
their last meeting, but they wrote to them and received an answer. 

The same members appointed to be a commission of the Synod this yeifi 
who were the last. 

A supplication and call for a minister from Hanover in Virginia, was bToal[fci 
into the Synod and read; the Synod doth earnestly recommend the assistiag 
of said people, to the Presbyteries of New Brunswick and New Casde. 

The Synod considering the present fewness of ruling elders attending lb< 
Synod, doth recommend it to all their members to endeavour to bring eldeti 
with them. 

Adjourned to the third Wednesday of May next, and then to meet at M«i 
denhead. Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod met according to appointment. 

Maidenhead, May the 20th, 1747. Ubi post preces sederunt f 

Ministers : Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, John Pierson, Ebenezer Pemb€ 
ton, Simon Horton, Azariah Horton, David Bostwick, John Grant, TimotI 
Jones, Eliab Byram, Thomas Arthur, Jacob Green, Nathaniel Tucker, Josef 
Jjamb, Gilbert Tennent, Richard Treat, James McCrea, James CampU 
James Davenport, Charles McKnight, Charles Beatty, Andrew Htmte 
Daniel Lawrence, Samuel Sacket, Samuel Blair, John Blair, William Dtm 
John Roan, and Samuel Finley. 

Elders: Messrs. Joseph Prudden, Ebenezer Byram, John Lyle, John Ayw 
Thomas Bourn, David Parry, Ephraim Lockert, Robert Smith, Robert En] 
lish, John Grey, Francis Brewster, Daniel Mills, John Smith, Samuel Sta 
geon, and Hugh Kirkpatrick. 

MinLsten absent: Aaron Burr, David Youngs, Timothy Syms, Robe 



SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 235 

^tngedn, David Brainerd, William Tennent, Eleazer Wales, Charles Ten- 
Lcnt, Hutchinson, and Davis. 

Mr. Pemberton, the last year's moderator, opened the Synod by a sermon. 
»n Acts iv. 29. 

Mr. Gilbert Tennent chosen moderator, Mr. Treat clerk. 

Messrs. Dickinson, Pemberton, Pierson, Burr, Lamb, William Tennent, 
(amuel Blair, Finly, Charles Tennent, and the moderator, are appointed to 
*e the commission of the Synod for the year ensuing. 

A letter was brought into the Synod from the new settlements in Virginia, 
eqnesting a minister might be sent to preach the gospel, &c. unto them. 
The Synod appoints Mr. Byram to go to said people some time in next Sep- 
ember, and spend some time with them, and appoints the Presbytery of New 
fork to supply his people with preaching during his absence. And the Synod 
Mh, moreover, appoint Messrs. Dickinson and Pemberton to write to Mr. 
Bewel, in order to procure him to accompany Mr. Byram in said journey. 

'Adjourned to the third Wednesday of May next, to meet at Maidenhead 
It two of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod met according to appointment. 

Maidenhead^ May (he ISth, 1748. Ubi post preees sederunt^ 
Ministers: Messrs. Azariahi Horton, Jacob Green, Timothy Syms, Joseph 

Stb, James McCrea, John Brainerd, Charles McKnight, James Davenport, 
b Byram, Gilbert Tennent, Andrew Hunter, Richard Tieat, Charies 
Beatty, James Campbel, Daniel Lawrence, John Blair, John Roan. 

Elders: Messrs. Bphraim Price, Brice Rickey, John Craig, Samuel 
Hazard, Isaac Mills, Cornelius Wynkoop, John Grey, Robert Smith, David 
Wilson. 

Ministers absent: Messrs. Robert Sturgeon, John Pierson, Ebenezer Pem- 
berton, Simon Horton, Aaron Burr, David Bostwick, John Grant, Thomas 
Arthur, David Youngs, Timothy Jones, Samuel Sacket, William Tennent, 
Eleazer Wales, Job Pnidden, Thomas Lewis, Samuel Blair, Samuel Finly, 
William Dean, Samuel Davis, Andrew Sterling, Andrew Bay, and Charles 
Tennent. 

Mr. Lamb chosen moderator, Mr. John Blair clerk. 

Mr. Gilbert Tennent, the last year's moderator, opened the Synod by a 
sermcm from Rom. xi. 36. 

The Rev. Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, David Brainerd, and Nathaniel 
IVicker, have been removed by death since our last meeting. 

The last year's minutes not being present, the Synod is necessitated to pro- 
:^ed as well as they can without them. 

Mr. 6yram fulfilled his appointment in going to Virginia, but Mr. Bewel 
^ould not be obtained to accompany him. 

The Presbytery of Suffolk county, on Long-Island, having, by their dele- 
gate Mr. Ebenezer Prime, desired to be admitted as members of this Synod 
irith the proviso, that one or two of their members in aU time to come, be 
illowed the privilege of representing them in the Synod, and acting for them 
IS delegates ; and likewise, that some members of New York Presbyteir, 
night join them in their Presbyterial judicatories. In answer to which, the 
lynod does signify that they are willing to make all reasonable allowances for 
he absence of their members, who live far distant from the place of their con- 
tention, and when the Synod shall, on the account of their growing number 
aid distant abode, conclude to form any of its sessions of delegates, they will 
mdlly admit that Reverend Presbytery to the coq^mon privilege of their body ; 
before which, we judge it would be unprecedented and unequal, and of bad 
Uiliniy. 



295 MINUTW 07 TiHB . 

If the Beveraad PnMb3rl«7 aforettidy ii pleaMd to join wiA «i4WAi 
aforesaid terniB, then we declare our willingiieas to loceife thenu aod AitpA 
of Ihe Presbytery of New York who live on Long Island, as np iiiidMt toiti 
may join with them as members. . < iT 

A call was brought into the Synod» to be presented to the Ber. Mf. Dpk 
from the oongregations of Timber Ridge ana forks of Jameses River; dis4|f> 
nod refer the consideration thereof to the Presbytery of New Casde, to wUi| 
Mr. Dean doth belong, and do recommend it to said Presbytery to msHtf 
Mr. Dean's meeting-house on Wednesday next upon said affair, and that lb 
Dean and his people be speedily apprized of it. j 

A call was brought into the Synod from Falling Spring and New Fn|ii* 
dence, to be presented to Mr. Byram, the acceptance of wMch he derlittA,.n 

A supplication for supplies, and in particular for the opportonity of a|p» 
bationer from Cedar Creek and Opeken, was brought into the Synod, ifi 
also, a supplication for relief from a person who had suffered loss by fiiej i| 
consideration of both which is deferred until the next tederunim . ic 

Adjourned to ten of the clock, to-morrow morning. v 

Concluded with prayer. .i 

19/A dojf, at ten of the dock^ A. M. Post preceSf sederunt gm mffSn 

Together with Mr. Chales Teiment. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Application was made to the Synod in behalf of the lower counties in vi. 
adjacent to Maryland, for supplies. 

Motion was made to the Synod in behalf of Cape May, in order to hill- 
some provision made for the settlement of a minister there. 

A supplication was brought in from Augusta county in Virginia. 

With respect to the supplication for a charitable contribution, the SyM^ 
judges that it is an affair belonging to the civil magistrate, but does not bdong 
to mem to transact any thing Synodically about it. 

l^e Synod proceeded to consider the motion respecting Cape May, andtf 
order to the relief of that people, the Synod doth recommend to. the PraAj* 
tery of New Brunswick, to send down Mr. Lawrence immediately for a ^ 
Sabbaths, and also recommends to the Presbytery of New Castle, to take 1b» 
Hugh Henry speedily under trials, and in case of his licensure by said Pisi' 
bytery, the Synod appoint said Presbytery, to send him directly aown to s^ 
people, to supply there some time upon trial for settlement, if Divine Prori* 
dence clear the way. 

In answer to the supplication from the people in Augusta county, the Synod 
appoints Mr. Cummins to go there in the fall for some time,' and they appoipl 
Mr. Hunter to go into the lower counties. Sic. the first of September, an! 
preach there four Sabbaths. 

Adjourned to the third Wednesday of May next, to meet at Maidanheai it 
eleven of the clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. . .// 

The Synod met at Maidenhead according to appointment, 

May the 17/A, 1749. Ubi post preces sedonmtf 

Ministers: Messrs. John Pierson, Ebenezer Pemberton, Aaron BsBi 
James Davenport, David Youngs, Thomas Arthur, John Brainerd, Gilbut 
Tennent, Richard Treat, James Campbell, Charles Beatty, Samuel Sadw^ 
Timothy Allen, James McCrea, Thomas Lewis, Andrew Hunter, Daaidl:. 
Lawrence, John Roan, Samuel Davis, Andrew Bay, John Rogers, Saimd 
Finly. 

Elders: Messrs. John Lyle, Samuel Hazard, Hugh Marten, ThomaaLlh 
gan, Daniel Grant, Hugh JKirkpatrick. . ^^.i 



sYiMff 01^ MW^ nu. 

Messn. Simon Horton, A%mk HodDii^ Dind BiMrt- 
Jfones, Eliab Byram, Ttinothy QjmM^ Joim Gnnt, Jaoob 
Avm biohardfl, Caleb Smith, QHbb LeonaTO, Joseph Lamb, William 
^Peiuienty Eleazer Wales, Charles McKnight, Job Pradden, Robert Storgeon, 
■HmI and John Blair, Charles Tennent, Andrew Steriing. 
^Xllr^ Lamb, the last year's moderator, being absent, Mr. Gilbert Tennent 
AmM tiie Synod by a sermon on 2 Cor. v. 11. 
*lliv PiersoD chosen moderator, Mr. Finly clerk. 
• ' iKr. Blihu Spencer is admitted to sit in the Synod as correspondent. 

Ordered That the minutes of the last Synod be read. 
^'^Vhie members absent the last year, and now present, gave their reasons for 

absence, which were sustained. 
p;-»J ie Rev. Mr. Dean has been removed by death since our last meeting. 
fc^Hie Pre^teiy of Suffolk, by their delegate Mr. James Brown, sigmfied 
Synod their acceptance of the terms proposed to them the last session, 
•aid Pres^tery are accordingly admitted into our Synod, in consequence 
' Mr. £benezer Prime and Mr. James Brown, members of said Pres- 
beimr present, are now admitted to sit in the Synod as members. 
AihI the Synod recommends to those members of New York who dwell 
^^011 Long Island, to join the Presbytery of Suffolk as members thereof. 
Mr. Cummins fulfilled the appointment of our last in going to Virginia. 
Mr. Hunter was prevented of fulfilling his appointments by reason of sick- 
fk. 

Motifm was made by some members for making proposals for an union 
iRUk the Synod of Philadelphia, the further consideration of which is deferred 
tin the next sedeitm/. 

. Adjoomed to seven of the clock, to-morrow morning. 
HSmhided widi prayer. 

. 18tA (fay, at ieven of the doth A. M. Po8t preeei sederunt qui wpra. 
I^QMeied, That the minutes of die last sederunt be read. 
"Vteiihotion for making proposals of union to the Synod of Philadelphia* 
Wniied, and afler much reasoning upon it, it was carried by a great majo- 
WV votes, that proposals for an union be made to the Synod of Philaciel- 
|Bi in Ae foUowing words, viz : 
'tlip. Synod of New York are deeply sensible of the many unhappy conse- 
#ihUs mat flow from our present divided state, and have with pleasure ob- 
' a spirit of moderation increasing between many of the members of both 
i; mis opens a door of hope, mat if we were united in one body, we 
be able to carry on the designs of religion in future peace and agree- 
to oor mutual satisfaction ; and though we retain the same sentiments of 
^ woik of God which we formerly did, yet we esteem mutual forbearance 
%^fiify, since we all profess the same Confession of Faith and Directory of 
Woiahip. We would, therefore, humbly propose to our brethren of the Synod 
tf Philadelphia, that all our former differences be buried in perpetual oblivion, 
^ fhst for the time to come, both Synods be united into one, and that hence- 
ftiltiMaebe no contentions among us; but to carry towards each other in the 
iNH^eaoeaUe and brotherly manner, which we are persuaded will be for the 
Mtttilp bf our Master, the oiedit of our profession, and the edification of the 
4l|liNMb eommitted to our care. Accordingly we appoint ^e Rev. Messrs. 
Jwflerson, Gilbert Tennent, Ebenezer Pemberton, and Aaron Burr, to be 
n i rtM l ha i u s to wait upon the Synod of Philadeli^ with these proposals. 
iad if me Synod of Philadelphia see meet to join with us in this design, and 
wH^hHlie'to apnoint a commissdmi to meet for that purpose, we appoint %s 
Rev. Umnm. Jonm Pierton, Ebenezer Pembarton, Aaron Burr, Gilbert 




318 umimat fKumt u^ 

WaHam Tenneiit, Radwid TiMt» Siorael or Joim Blaki Jdkn Bna^ftrtH 
Finly, Ebenezer PrioM, Dmi Boitwickf aod Jamei Brown, (wboai 
point a commiauoii of Aa Synod for the eamnngjmtf) to OMot with thei 
misflion of tbe BfBod of Ptuladelphitt ot oooh lane and plaee ao dief i 
choose, to detennine iho affiur of the unkm, a^rieeaUe to the prdurairy 
cles coackded «poa by thii Synod; and it m a yreod dial any odierof I 
members whb shall please to meet with the oomouaaioDy ahall hate *" " 
voting and acting in said affiur equally with the. memboni of aaid 
Whidli artidea proposed as a general plan of imion are as fidlowa, Tis: i> 

1. To preaenre the common peaee, we would propoae thai aD nam 
distinction which have been maoB use of in die lala timaa» be for vmi 
lished. 

2. That every member assent unto and adopt the ConlesBion of F^l 
Directory, according to the plan fonneriy agreed to by the Synod of 
delphia in the years ; 

5. That every member promise, that afler any queation has been 
mined by the mijor vote, he will actively concur or passively submit^] 
judgment of the body ; but if his conscience permit him to do neitherof r 
that then he shall be obliged peaceably to withdraw from our Synodkali 
munion, without any attompt to make a schism or division among us. 
this is not intended to extend to any cases but those whieh the Synod.' 
essential in matters of doctrine or mscipline, /^ i 

4. That all our respective congregations and vaeanciea be acknowl 
congregations belonging to the Synod, but continue under the eare of dibi 
Presbytery as now they are, until a &vourahle oj^portimity preaeoi»r 
adirantaffeous alteration. 

6. That we all agree to esteem and treat it as a censurable evil, to 
any of our members of error in doctrine or immorality in converntioD,! 
otherwise than by private reproof, till the accusation hais been brouffat U 
a regular judieatore and issued according to die known rules of our discipiiHft 

l^n a representation of the desolate circumstancea of Virginia and Mi^l 
land, the Synod appoint the Rev. Messrs. Prime, Davenport, Yoimgi»p| 
Spencer, to write to the Eastern Association of Fairfield county, m Ooim 
ticut, requesting them, if possiblci to send some minister or ministenh to m| 
ply some time in those southern provinces. Also, Mr. Davenport is appuM 
if he recovers a good state of h^th, to go and aupply in Vii^pnia. 

Adjourned to the third Wedneaday of May next, to meet al Mairtfnhd 
unless a different time and place be appointed by the commiasion* 

Concluded with prayer. i 

1 ^ 

The S3mod met according to appointment 

Maidenhead^ May IM^ 1760. VU poei freeee eeienaii 

Mimstera: Messrs. John Pierson, Ebenexer Pemberton, Aaron Bunrt HI 
Byram, David Bostwick, Jacob Green, Caleb Smidi, Thomas Ardiur, km 
Richards, James Davenport, Richard Treat, William Tennent, Cbai 
McKnight, James McCrea, Timodiy Allen, Thomas Lewis, Andrew Hunt 
Daniel liawrence, larael Roid, Samuel Sacket, Samuel Blair, John Blair, Jc 
Roan, Samuel Davis, Andrew Bay, John Rogers^ Aaaiiah Horton. 

Elders: Messrs. Pdter Beaofa, ComeUus Wynkoop, Robot Cunmii 
Riehard Walker, WiUiam Lynn, Moses Hallam, Joaeph FeA, Williaai B«| 
Samuel Morris, William Murphey. 

Ministers absent: Measra. IKinon Horton, Timothy Jonea, Btum Ayi 

Timodiy Sjrma, John Braineid, John Grant, Ebhu Spencer, Robert GMM 

"^^gbefi Tennont, Samuel Ftidy, Charles Tttnent, Andrew Stediiw^M 

OMnpbdIiHiArflof dm PMibyief]r4if«iiidkraB«iA«aiMiJi«M»^ i 



sYHcn or nw YouL 

S(i Pienen, the last yev^t moderator, opened the Byaed by a nennak 
Coloe. i. 18. 
• WiUiam Tennent chosen moderator, Mr. Aithnr clerk. 
HHRie reasons sent in exonse for the present absence of Messrs. Charles Teii- 
liki, Samuel Fmly, and Simon Horton, are sustained. 
MlJbe Rer. Mr. Lamb is removed by death since our last session. 
loThe minutes of our last session could not be obtained at present, and there* 
llaniie Synod was necessitated to proceed without them. 
Ordered, That any member of the Synod who may hare them, or any 
of the minutes of this Synod since its first erection, in their keeping, 
sare to produce them at the next session. 
The committee appointed by the last Synod to wait upon the Syaod of 
lelphia, with a preliminary plan for an union, make report that they 
liea with said appointment, and in consequence thereof a commission Of 
Synods agreed to meet at Trenton, the first Wednesday of October, 
U And met accordingly. 

lered. That the minutes of that meeting be laid before the Synod, which 
done, the S3mod ordered them to be inserted in their minutes, and they 
tmas follows, viz. 

ThV " Trenton, October 4th, 1749. 

^«^Met according to an agreement between the commissioners of ^e Synod 
tf New York and the Synod of Philadelphia, the commission of both Synods 
[ likeat upon an overture of union between the said Synods, offered to the 
.%IMd of Philadelphia by the Synod of New York. 

'Iif*f Present of the Synoa of Pniladelphia: Messrs. Cross, Alison, Catheart, 
, lojrd, McHenry, Cowell. Griffith, and Tl)om. 

9«i^Clf the Synod of New York: Messrs. Pierson, Pemberton, Gilbert and 
ftiliam Tennent, Treat, Samuel and John Blair, Lewis, Finly, Roan, and 

'ji^N. B. In the appointment of the commission of the Synod of New York, 

llii^ was expressly granted to any of their members, though not in com* 

Mwiun, to attend and have equal liberty of voting with the commissioners if 

«i)r were inclined so to do. 

^^Po8i preces iederunt qui tuprOf with divers members of the Synod of 

WnrTork. 

^ Mr. David Cowell was chosen moderator, Mr. Thomas Arthur clerk. 
^'^Several members of the Synod of New York, that had not been present 
ttlSmning the general plan for an union, moved that before the commissioners 
ttleied upon the affair of the union, they miffht have a private conference 
tiA the members of their own Synod, that they might be fully acquainted 
"litti each other*s sentiments relating to the union, and also further inform 
thfJMijliiis as to the general concessions made in the aforesaid plan, or pre« 
hdlary articles, or by their committee; which motion was granted. 
QnMAdjoumed to eight of the dock to-morrow morning. Condaded with 

^id-^, Thntiay, bth day^ met according to adjottmmeni. PoBt preeet sede* 

runt qui iupra. 
-nf^tnio GoromissionerB of the Synod of New York considering the protest 
IMif ^jTOod of Philadelphia, wherry they ezduded from their oomrattnioo 
m Presbytery of New Bmnswick and their adherents, as one prindpal \m 
||l«9^nnion> waiving all other matters, immediately insisted that said pratest 
iJMvMt by some authentic aad formal aet of the ^jmod of Philaddphiai« be 
MiV WW aad void. The debates on this head arose very hi^ and there 
MMTftafJMT ftfuwftfiMtft irf wiTfiHittiftdirtny mittwfft Ihff ^nwniisiiwiBia rflMrth 



240 niNimto OF THS < 

Synods came nnammoaaly into this condaaion, tvs. That whereai 
difficulties arose in the conyersation of the commissioners of both 
they came finally and unanimously into this agreement, that both S; 
their next sessions do more fully prepare proposals for an accomm 
and interchange said propo8ab« and that in the mean time, there be i 
endeavour to cultivate a spirit of candour and friendship. At the sa 
these three principal things were especially recommended to the consl 
of their respective Synods. 1. The protest. 2« That paragraph abou 
tials. 8. Of Presbyteries. 
<• Concluded mth prayer." 

The affair of the union was taken under consideration, accordin 
conclusion of the commissioners of both Synods as aforesaid. But the 
is sorry to find that it is not in their power to proceed to make furthei 
sals at this session, for want of the last year's minutes, and a cop; 
former plan of preliminary articles, occasioned by the absence of theii 
clerk. But still they profess their design to enter upon the affair 
next sessions, and in the mean time to maintain a spirit of cand< 
friendship. 

Ordered, That a copy of this minute be sent to the^Rev. Mr. Gilbc 
nent, who is hereby appointed to deliver it into the Synod of Philadel 
the beginning of their next sessions. 

Upon application made by Mr. Davis in behalf of the people in the » 
.colonies, the Synod do recommend to the Presbytery of New Bruns 
endeavour to prevail with Mr. John Todd, upon his being licensed, U 
journey thither; and also to the Presbytery of New York, to urge tl 
upon Messrs. Syms and Greenman. 

Mr. Davenport is appointed to go into Virginia to assist in supply 
numerous vacant and destitute congregations there. The same is also 
mended to the Rev. Mr. Byram. 

Adjourned to eight o'clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with p 

nth day, at eight of the dock. A, M. Post preces sederunt qui 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

An affair of the congregation of Tehicken was brought into the Syn< 
reference from the Presbytery of New Brunswick, which the Synod p 
ed to consider, and ordered the parties concerned to lay the case befoi 
in order to be determined, which was accordingly done ; and after mu 
said, many papers read, and all persons had offered what they thought 
with respect to the matter in controversy, the Synod came into the fol 
conclusion, viz. That whereas the congregation of Tehicken is sadly < 
about the fairness and obligation of a lot made use of by tliem for the 
muiing the place for their meeting-house, the Synod, after a full hear 
case, came unanimously into this judgment, viz. that though they dc 
means discountenance the method of ending such matters of controve 
lottery, yet as to the lot under debate, the Synod is of the opinion, that 
fairly cast, and consequently binding upon the parlies concerned, as als< 
former agreements said people have solemnly obliged themselves to ; s 
Synod doth judge, that they have acted very sinfully who have broken tl 
these repeated solemn obligations, and that a solemn admonition b^ give 
them by Mr. Pemberton in the name of the Synod ; which was accoi 
done. 

The last year's commission continued for the ensuing year. 
Adjourned to the fourth Thursday in September next, to meet at N( 
Concluded with pnyer. 



SYNOD OF HEW YORK. 241 

rhe S]fiiod met according to adjoaroment. 

Newark^ September 2^th, 1750. Ubi post prtcen sederunt^ 
Ministers : Messrs. Ebenezer Prime, Azariah Horton, James Brown, David 
lOngs, Ebenezer Pemberton, John Pierson, Aaron Burr, Timothj Jones, 
cob Green, John Grant, Caleb Smith, Aaron Richards, Timothy Syms, 
nnei Thane, Thomas Arthur, Enos Ayres, Elihu Spencer, William Ten- 
Dt, Richard Treat, Charles Beatty, Thomas Lewis, Daniel Lawrence, 
hndthy Allen, Israel Read, Samuel Finly, Simon Horton. 
Elders : John Smith, David Ray, John Lyle. 

Blinisters absent: Messrs. Silvanus White, Samuel Bewel, James McCrea, 
dbert Tennent, Job Prudden, Samuel Sacket, Andrew Hunter, James Da- 
mport, Samuel Blair, John Blair, John Roan, Charles Tennent, Andrew 
iiy, Samuel Davis, John Rogers, James Campbell, Andrew Sterling, Alexan- 
sr Hutchinson. 

'Mr. Prime chosen moderator, Mr. Smith clerk. 

The S3mod was opened by a sermon preached by Mr. Cummins from 
Igm. viii. 15. 

The Rev. Mr. Eleazar Wales is removed by death since our last session. 
A^oumed till two of the o'clock, post meridiem. Concluded with prayer. 

Tivo of the clock, F, M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last Synod be read. 

Tbe minutes of the Synod since their first erection being, according to the 
>der of our last, brought into the Synod, they appoint Mr. Treat to transcribe 
knu into a book that they be not lost, and that he be henceforth their stated 
Mc for that purpose. 

■The reasons given by the present members of their absence the last session 
VQPB sustained. 

The affair of the union with the Synod of Philadelphia, came under consid- 
latioii, and the Synod appoints Messrs. Treat, William Tennent, Finly, 
Sreen, and Spencer, to be a committee to draw up proposals upon that head 
qW brought in at their next sederunt. 

The High Dutch congregation of Rockway, in the township of Lebanon, 
{piied to the Synod that they may be taken under the care of this Synod, 
On that a certain person now preaching among them may be taken under 
Vunination, and if approved, ordained a minister to them. The Synod in 
dtt to clear their way to transact any thing with said people, do appoint 
^•Pemberton to make inquiry of the Dutch ministers in New York, whe- 
ittsaid people do belong to their jurisdiction; and he is to acquaint a com- 
Hbfle of the Synod how that matter is. And the Synod appoints Messrs. 
ilBMm, Burr, Arthur, Smith, and Spencer, their committee, to sit at such 
Bit lod place as they shall appoint, and transact in said affair, according as 
km shall tlien appear to them. 

jUpon a representation made by Mr. Beatty of the necessitous circumstances 
'die congregation of Cape May, and their earnest request that some minister, 

candidate, might be sent down to them and settle with them, the Synod ap- 
iaJUs Mr. Davenport to go and spend the winter with them for that purpose, 
opntistent with his affairs. 

Aldjoumed to eight of the clock to-morrow morning. 
Condaded with prayer. 

28<A day, at eight of the clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 
Osdnred, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
Messrs. Pemberton, Pierson, Burr, Ardiur, Gilbert and William T«nr 
21 



I 



^j)[ MINUTES OF THE 

nent, Treat, Finly, Samnel and John Blair, Azariah Horton, Broim, f 
the moderator, are appointed to be a commission of the Synod for d 
year. 

The Synod making inquiry how the several appointments for Viigin 
have been fulfilled, do find that Mr. Davenport has been there, and that H 
Todd is licensed, and preparing speedily to go ; but that the other appob 
ments by one means or other have failed. , 

The committee according to appointment, brought in a draught of pni|M 
sals for an union with the Synod of Philadelphia, which the Synod appiOR 
and they are as follow, viz. 

1. That every member assent unto and receive the Westminster Confenil 
of Faith and Catechisms, as the confession of ^is faith, according to the pil 
formerly mentioned and proposed, and also agree to the Directory as them 
ral plan of worship and discipline. . 'j 

2. That all matters shall be determined by a majority of votes, to wUl 
determination all shall submit; but if any member or members cannot, in mI 
science submit to any particular act or determination of the body, he or t 
f^hall be obliged, after sufficient liberty of reasoning and modest remoi 
to withdraw from our Synodical communion. Provided always, that t 
last article shall not extend to any cases but such as Ae Synod'^hall judge H 
be essential in doctrine, worship, or discipline. j! 

3. That it shall be treated as a censurable misconduct, for any member I 
charge any of his brethren with errors in doctrine or immorality in conveni 
tion, except in a way of private reproof or judicial process. And that ofli 
shall be judicially condemned or censured without a fair trial and proctfl 
according to the known rules of our discipline. 

4. That no candidate shall be taken upon trials by any Presbytery, witUI 
a degree or a certificate from the president, and a sufficient number of ^ 
tutors or trustees of some college, testifying to the sufficiency of his leamiVi 
except in cases extraordinary, in which the Presbyteries shall be accountaW 
to the Synod for their conduct. 

5. That it shall be treated as irregular, for any minister or candida|sti 
preach or perform other ministerial offices in the congregations of other tti^ 
isters belonging to our body, contrary to their minds. On the other hanl^ 
shall be esteemed unbrotherly for any minister to refuse his consent, {ynxM 
weighty reasons,) when amicably desired. 

6. That all the several Presbyteries belonging to both Synods respeeti'f^ii 
shall continue distinct Presbyteries as now they are, and that the several m 
gregations and vacancies may continue to be under the same Presbyterieiii 
at present. 

7. That the protestation made in the Synod of Philadelphia in 
1741, be declared henceforth void and of none effect, and that the 
union shall not be understood to imply an agreement or consent to 
testation on the part of this Synod. 

8. Forasmuch as this Synod doth believe, (as they have before declared,] 
that a glorious work of God's Spirit was carried on in the late religions ap 
pearances, (though we doubt not but there were several follies and extraw 
gancies of people, and artifices of Satan intermixed therewith,) it would iM 
pleasing and desirable to us, and what we hope for, that both Synods ma) 
come so far to agree in their sentiments about it, as to give their joint te* 
timony thereto. 

Ordered, That Mr. Treat, the stated clerk, transcribe these proposals aw 
deposit a true copy thereof in the hands of Mr. Samuel Hazard of Phihdd 
phia, 10 be delivered to the Synod of Philadelphia, or tjfor order, whea b 
«iiall have received their proposals. 




SYNOD OF NEW YORE. 343 

The Synod adjotimed to the day after the commencement the enraing year, 
then to sit at Newark. Concluded with prayer. 

Phe Synod met according to adjournment, 

Newark^ September 2iMh, 1751. Ubi post precea aederutUf 

Vlinisters of Suffolk Presbytery : Messrs. Ebenezer Prime and Azariah 
rton. 

3f the New York Presbytery : Messrs. John Pierson, Ebenezer Pember- 
, Simon Horton, Aaron Burr, James Davenport, David Bostwick, Jacob 
een, Caleb Smith, John Brainerd, Elihu Spencer,. Daniel Thane, Enos 
res, John Moffett, Chauncey Graham. 

Of the Presbytery of New Brunswick? Messrs. William Tennent, Richard 
eat, Charles McKnight, Charles Beatty, Eliab Byram, Thomas Lewis, 
drew Hunter, Daniel Lawrence, Israel Read, Samuel Kennedy, Benjamin 
lesnutt 

Pf ^e Presbytery of New Castle : Messrs. James Campbell, Samuel Fin- 
John Blair, Samuel Davis, John Rogers. Mr. John Smith correspond 
It. 

Eiders: Messrs. John Ball, John Henderson, Anthony Scout, Hugh Mar- 
, John Kirkpatrick, Philip Celsel, Allin Killock, Daniel Morris, Aaron 
ueheart, Jonathan Holms, Elias Bayley. 

Ministers absent. Of Long Island Presbytery : Messrs. Silvanus White, 
nes Brown, Samuel Bewel, Naphtali Dagget, David Youngs, Samuel 
skett. 

Of New York Presbytery : Messrs. Timothy Syms, Timothy Jones, John 
ant, Aaron Richards, Alexander Cummins, Jonathan Elmore. 
Of New Brunswick Presbytery: Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, James McCrea, 
mothy Allen, Job Prudden, John Campbell, John Todd. 
Of New Castle Presbytery: Messrs. CJharles Tennent, John Roan, An- 
jw Sterling, Andrew Bay, Hugh Henry. 
Mr. John Blair chosen moderator, Mr. Byram clerk. 
If r. Prime, the last year's moderator, opened the Synod by a sermon from 
al. cii. 16. 

The Rev. Messrs. Samuel Blair and Thomas Ardiur, are departed this life 
ice the last Synod. 

A petition was sent into the Synod by the trustees of the college of New 
rsey, desiring that the Rev. Mr. Ebenezer Pemberton might be appointed 
;Diake a voyage to Europe to solicit benefactions for said college ; and like- 
j»e, requesting that some members of the Synod might be appointed to go 
(mediately to New York, to treat with Mr. Pemberton's congregation upon 
Id affair. The Synod takuig this matter into consideration, do appoint 
esars. Aaron Burr, Richard Treat, William Tennent, and Samuel Davis, to 
a committee to go immediately to New York, and treat with Mr. Pember- 
1*8 congregation upon said affair. 
Adjourned to three of the clock, post meridiem. Concluded with prayer. 

Three of the clock, P. M. Post preces, sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Ordered, That the minutes of last Synod be read. 

The excuses of Messrs. Hunter, Dav.enport, James Campbell, Rogers, an< 

; moderator, for their absence from the last Synod, are sustained. 

The committee to whom the affair of the Dutch congregation of Rockway 

19 referred the last Synod, do make report, that difficulties arising in their 

ly from time to time, they have not been able to do any thing in it. And 




244 MINUTES OF THE 

application being asain made to the Synod by said congregation, deairiiigd^ 
would take the said affair under their care; the Synod do refer it to the It» 
bytery of New Brunswick, to transact in it according as they shall judge betfi 
when matters are fully laid before them. 

The Synod find that Mr. Davenport fulfilled his appointment in going l» 
Cape May. 

Messrs. Pierson, Pemberton, Burr, Spencer, Gilbert and William^ Tennqj^ 
Treat, Finly, Rogers, Prime, Azariah Horton, Brown, and the modeialVi 
are appointed to be a commission of the Synod for the ensuing year. 

Proposals of accommodation from the Synod of Philadelphia, (in compli* 
ance with the agreement of the commissions of both Synods at Trenton, mo- 
tioned in the preceding minutes, page 21,) were brought into the Synri 
and read, the consideration of which deferred till the next aedertmt. £fiH 
page 202.] 

The Synod understanding that one Vandreron, a Dutch preacher, my 
from place to place, does much disturb some of our congregations, and oof 
a person of gross enormities and scandals, the Synod judge it to be their dn^i 
to admonish all the people under their care to avoid the said Vandreron, flil 
give no countenance to his preaching. 

Adjourned to to-morrow morning, at nine of the clock. 

Concluded with prayer. 

27th dav, at nine of the clock, Jl. M. Post preces, tederunt qui HfW 

Ordered, That the mmutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Mr. Prime absent, having obtained leave to go home. 

The Synod bein? informed of certain misrepresentations concerning the OQH* 
stitution, order, and discipline of our churches, industriously spread by soac 
of the members of the Dutch congregations, interspersed among or boideriBg , 
upon us, with design to prevent occasional or constant communion of theif 
members with our churches ; to obviate all such misrepresentations, and IP 
cultivate a good understanding between us and our bretliren of the Dnldt 
churches, we do hereby declare and testify our constitution, order, and difd* 
pUne, to be in harmony with the established church of Scotland. The Weiir 
minster Confession, Catechisms, and Directory for public worship and chnicb 
government adopted by them, are in like manner received and adopted by us* 
We declare ourselves united with tliat church in the same faith, order, aad 
discipline. Its approbation, countenance, and favour, we have abundant tetr 
timonies of. They, as brethren, receive us; and their members, we, s^ 
opportunity offers, receive as ours. And as the church of Scotland, and tb^ 
Reformed churches abroad, agreeable to the Geneva Platform, hold a read)' 
and free communion with each other, so wc also desire the same with our 
brethren of the Dutch and French churches, interspersed amongst and bor 
dering upon us. 

The exigencies of the great affair of propagating the gospel among the bef* 
then, being represented unto the Synod, the Synod, in order to promole so 
important and valuable a design, do enjoin all their members to appoint a col- 
lection in their several congregations once every year, to be applied for dot 
purpose. And that the money raised by such collections be yearly sent to the 
Synod. 

The Synod do, moreover, recommend to all their members, as far as pis- 
dence may direct, to make another annual collection for the support of youog 
students, whose circumstances render them incapable to maintain themBelTO 
at learning, and for other charitable purposes ; which contributions shall be tt 
the disposal of such respective Presbyteries where they are made. 

A petition of a number of the members of the Presbytery of New Bran*- 



t dwdnct FnahytBTt, «* ^llMltft >»» *■» 

of It defnnd lUl the next HU WtW' 'IV-- -' 

B inlubitants of Tinnicum or TeUtimi^fU^ 

B plH» caUed the Old Houbb. The ^itad, 

Wei in sniqioit of agid petition, and atUg sob- 

ily reject BBid petition. 

omla of the Sjmod of Philadelphia in oidtf to 

I, and the Sjmod appoint Heaara. HeisoOr 

Qoderator, to dnw up an anawer nid I:^ it 

mt. 

k, P. M. Cosdnded trith prayer. 

I, P. Sf, Foil prttet, ttdenmt qui tapra. 

die last itdervnt be read, 
ition of Bome memberB of the Pra diytwy of 
and after hearing what they had to ofler in 
I to STsnt aaid petition, and do erect that pnt 
iwi(£ that live m Pennsylvania, togeiher widi 
to the Bonthwtrd of Philadelphia, bordering 
'nabpBiy hy the name of the PreBbTtery of 
firat meeting to be at Philaddpbia ma diiid 

Iraw no aomelhing in anawer to die proptMala 
aid bdiira the Synod wliat they bad done, 
s aa followa, viz. 

f Philadelphia for nnioa with diii Synod weie 
iter deliberala peniaal of them are pleased in 
dfl the uniting the two Synods, and that oni 
lod profess a peaceable disposition, and deter- 
iIb aa cloBcly and as far as they can, tn tbeii 

they hare not Been fit to comply widi ■ome 
IB so cloaely aa we could have wiahed. we 
I, and OUT endeaToun for peace, to be oandid- 

Ibow diingB from which we diaagies in their 

make no acts but concerning mattaia of plain 
 great tnitfaB of religion, yet as every oiiDg 
1 unto the body, may appear althe same time 
that no member or members shoold be obliged 
m upon his or iheir not being able actively to 
eaa the matter be judged easenlial in doctrine 

lUic end ftindamental agreemeata t^lbe 
aafe, if this ia imderauwd to extend to 
I since the mnmre happened. 
1 consiat with the peace and edification of the 
nues to oblifre people to be undei the ministr}- 
Kise, or to dissolve and new model PtmIi^'t 

of Divine Providence we have now a oc41eg[«* \ ; 
' die alternative of the Synod or their commis* '' 
e they be admitted to PresWterial rrials. 
I had not our last piupoeala before thera when 
pfaccommodadon, we refer them toaaidpiU' 
wire in order to our tmion with them. 



he pal 
ISDd  



2i0 MINUTES OF THE 

» 

(M«red, lliat the clerk send an attested copy of die abo>vo to lAr. flUMul 
Hazard, of Philadelphia, to be delivered to the moderator of the Bynoi^ 
Phibdel|^a. 

The dktressing circumatanees of V iigima being represented to the Symdk 
thev appoint Mr. Greenman to go into Virginia as soon as possiblj Ik sii^ 
and supply there for some time. ^ ^' 

A motion being made to the Synod by Mr. Davis, of the neeessitf of sshd- 
ing to England an account relating to the dissenting interest in Virginia, ik$ 
Synod does order that a representation of the circumstances of the PftAf- 
terian congregations in that colony be made and signed in the name of ifei 
Synod, by Idessrs. Burr and Pemberton, to Dr. Doddridge and Dr. Aveiy, 
and also a certificate of Mr. Davis's character. 

The conmiittee sent to New York by the Synod on the petition of the trt» 
tees of the college, returned and reported that their attempts were to DOf» 
pose in the affair of their mission. 

Adjourned to the day after the commencement of the ensuing year, ui 
then to meet at Newark. Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod met according to appointment. 

Newark, September S8th, 1752. Uln aedenmi post preeo, 

Ministers: Messrs. John Pierson, Ebenezer Pemberton, Simon HMm, 
Aaron Burr, James Davenport, Jacob Green, David Bostwick, Caleb Ssadi, 
John Brainerd, Elihu Spencer, Daniel Thane, Chauncey Graham, WffliHi 
Tennent, Andrew Hunter, Timothy Allen, Israel Read, Eliab Byram, Tki^ 
mas Lewis, Richard Treat, Charles Beatty, Daniel Lawrence, Samuel f^akft 
Asariah Horton, Aaron Richards, Alexander Cummins, Job Prudden, Got' 
rad Worts, John Grant, Naphtali Dagget. 

Elders : James Kilburn, Joseph Kerr. 

Ministers absent: Enos Ayres, John Moffort, Timothy Jones, Jooalhin 
Elmore, Charles McKnight, James McCrea, Samuel Kennedy, John ToM 
Gilbert Tennent, Benjamin Chesnutt, John Campbell, James Campbell, Jobk 
Blair, John Rogers, Charles Tennent, John Roan, Andrew Sterling, kvAn^ 
Bay, Hugh Henry, Ebenezer Prime, Silvanus White, Samuel Bewel, Jaioei 
Brown, Samuel Sacket, James Finly, Robert Smith. t 

Mr. Treat chosen moderator, Mr. Samuel Finly clerk. 

Our last year's moderator being absent the Rev. Mr. Jonathan Edwarde, 
at the request of the members, opened the Synod with a sermon on James 
ii. 19. 

Adjourned till three of the clock P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Three of the clocks P, M, Post preces sederunt qui supra* 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last Synod be read. 

The Rev. David Youngs has departed this life since our last* 

Mr. Cummins, Mr. Richards, Mr. Grant, Mr. Dagget, Mr. Allen, and Bfr* 
Prudden, gave the reasons of their absence the last Synod, which were 009- 
tained. 

According to appointment of Synod, the Presbytery of New Brunswick 
examined the affair of the Dutch congregation at Rockway, and ordained Mr* 
Worts to be their minister. 

Messrs. Pierson, Pemberton, Burr, Spencer, Gilbert and William T«J* 
nent, Finly, Rogers, Prime, Azariah Horton, Brown, and the moderator, ire 
appointed to be a commission of the Synod for the year ensuing. 

Inquiry into the affair of the collection for the Indians, appointed the last 
Synod, deferred until another sederunt. 



SYNOD OF NEW YOBK. 247 

TiMr cleik reports that he complied with the order of eending an attested 
vpff of oar last year's proposals to Mr. Hazard, to be ffiven in to the Synod 
* Philadelphia; in consequence of which, and the proposals of this Synod in 
!• year 1750, the Synod of Philadelphia sent a letter of remarks and propo- 
iIb, which being read, the consideration of them deferred till to-monow. 
See page 205.] 

Mr. Greenman's reasons for his not going to Virginia, according to the ap- 
ointment of the last Synod, are sustained. 

The Rev. Messrs. Jonathan Edwards, John Smith, and -— — Hopkins, be* 
ig present, do join as correspondents. 

A reference from the Presbytery of New York concerning some matters of 
ifference among the members of the Presbyterian congregation of New York* 
riiich were laid before said Presbytery, was brought into the Synod, and 
her hearing many things in relation thereto, the Synod deferred the fiirther 
ixamination thereof till the next sederunt. 

Adjourned till nine of the clock to-morrow morning. 

Concluded with prayer. 

29/A day J at nine of the dock, A. M. Post preees $edenmi qui 9UfTa^ 

Only Mr. Lewis departed without leave. 

Ordered, That the minutes of last sederunt be read. 

The Sjmod proceeded to make inquiry concerning the collection for the 
Ubiis, and it was found that all the members present made collections ex* 
9pC Messrs. William Tennent, Davenport, Byram, Beatty, Richards, Grant, 
wgget, Simon Horton, and Read, who propose afterwards to collect and send 
heir collections to Mr. Brainerd. Ordered, also, that the collections brought 
to die Synod be paid into the hands of Mr. Brainerd, to be disposed of by the 
correspondents for the Indian affairs. 

A motion being made to the Synod by the tmstees of the college of New 
icaey to obtain a public collection from all the congregations belonging to 
As Sjmod, and the Synod having taken the matter into consideration, do una* 
liouMidy approve the motion, and earnestly recommend it to all the Presby* 
tuks to see that every one of their members do endeavour to collect money 
in theij^ respective congregations for that purpose; and also in vacancies, 
where they have opportunity so to do ; and the Synod order, that all other 
pnhlie collections before appointed by them to be annually observed, be sus- 
pended on that account 

The Synod do likewise order that the said collection for the college be 
nude betwixt this time and May next, and that an account of what is gathered 
by every Presbytery, be transmitted to the president of the college by each 
rasbytery. 

The consideration of the proposals of the Synod of Philadelphia, in order 
io an union, further deferred. 

The affair of the reference from the Presbytery of New York reassumed, 
isd the pleas of all parties being fully heard, the Synod defer the judicial de- 
ermination thereof till the next sederunt. 

Adjourned till half an hour after two of the clock, P. M* 

Concluded with prayer. 

Half an hour after two^ P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra* 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Mr. Davis is come to the Synod ; his not coming in the beginning of this 
ession occasioned by mistaking the time of their meeting. 

The Synod agree to desire the Rev. Mr. Edwards to publish his sermon 
reached before them. 



248 MINUTES OF THE 

Upon a representation of the destitute eircamstanoes of Virginist Ae. die 
83mod appoint Mr. Greenman and Mr. Robert Henry* to go diere some Am 
betwixt this and the next Synod. 

Whereas a certain person pretending at Egff Harbour to be a niinistBffieg» 
laily ordained among the Presbyterians, and under that character baptited 
some adults and infants, and it appearing to the Synod that his pretem 
were false, having at that time no license or ordination, it is our opinion lUt 
all the gospel ordinances he administered under that false and pretended eh» 
racter are null and invalid. 

The proposals of the Synod of Philadelphia came to be considered, and lb 
Synod finding they had not time to go through with them this session, agmd 
upon the following answer, to be sent to them by the stated clerk. 

Very Reverend and dear Brethren : We have received your letter. The 
neat crowd of Synodical affairs now upon our hands, renders it impoidUi 
for us to give it that attentive examination which the importance of the affii 
requires. We shall endeavour, as soon as we have opportunity, to give its 
calm and deliberate consideration, and hope we shall return you such an an- 
swer as shall give you convincing evidence, that we entertain the most dS» 
tionate desires of peace and union upon such a bottom as may contribute to 
the edification and comfort of all our churches. In the mean time, it is ooi 
sincere inclination to evidence towards you all proper and friendly regaidf. 

The affair of New York referred to the Synod as before mentioned, and 
heard at length, reassumed in order to a judgment, and the Synod having se- 
riously and deliberately considered the sundry articles of debate and eom- 
plaint laid before them, came into the following conclusions : 

1. That the building, ground, &;c. conveyed from the General Assembljrof 
the Church of Scotland to the Presbyterian Society in New York, bekmgato 
Presbyterians without distinction of name or nation, who conform to the gene 
ral plan of the Church of Scotland as practised by the Synod of New York. 

2. That it is not inconsistent with the Presbyterian plan of government, 
nor the institution of our Lord Jesus Christ, that trustees, or a committee eh^ 
sen by the congre^tion, should have the disposal and application of tbe 
public money raised by said congregation, to the uses for which it was de- 
signed ; provided that they leave in the hands and to the management of the 
deacons, what is collected for the Lord's Table and the poor. And thu minii- 
ters of the gospel, by virtue of their office, have no right to sit with or preside 
over such trustees or committees. 

3. That it appears to the Synod, that the trustees of said church have faith- 
fully discharged the trust reposed in them, with respect to its temporalitieii 
much to its advantage. 

4. That as to the articles of complaint brought against Mr. Cumming,it 
appears to the Synod, that he has been necessarily hindered from perfomunf 
his part in public service, by his low state of health; but they judge itW* 
duty to discharge it according to his call when his health will admit; arf 
when he is disabled, he should desire Mr. Pemberton to officiate in his rosi 
That his insisting on a right to sit with the trustees in their conventions aboirt 
the temporal affiiirs of the congregation, was not a violation of his oidinatibti 
vows, which respect only the work of the ministry, although they judge he 
acted imprudently in so doing. That he is to be commended for insisting tm 
persons praying in their families, who present their children to baptism; but 
inasmuch as it appears expedient, that the same form of covenanting should 
be used in the same church; the Synod do, therefore, recommend it to Mr. 
Pemberton and Mr. Cumming, to consult with the committee hereafter to ba 
mentioned about a form that they can both agree in. 

6. That the said church proceed as soon as may be, to the choice of elders 



SYNOD OP NEW YORK. 249 

join with tfaeir Bunisten in the gfoveminent and disdpUne of the church; 
d that the committee hereafter to be appointed do nonunate the persons to 
efaosen, and determine the number. 

6. That as to the methods taken to introduce a new version of the psalms 
the public worship, the Synod judge it to be disorderly, and always to be 
leeuntenanced, when the parties in matters of debate in a church do cany 
out prirate subscriptions. 

7. That as to the introduction of a new version of psalms, the S3rnod hath 
It light at present to determine, but do impower the committee to recom- 
end Dr. Watf s version, if upon observation of circumstances they think it 
oper. 

And the Synod do appoint the Rev. Messrs. Samuel Davis, Samuel Finly, 
d Charles Beatty, to be a committee to go immediately to New York» and 
tisct and assist the Presbyterian coneregation of New York in such affairs 
may contribute to their peace and edification. 

Adjourned to the first Wednesday of October, 1753, and then to meet at 
liiladelphia at three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 



The Synod met according to appointment. 

Philadelphia, October 3rf, 1753. Ubi post preces sederunt. 

Ministers of New York Presbytery: Messrs. Azariah Horton, Timothy 
nes, Timothy Allen, David Bostwick, John Brainerd, Elihu Spencer. 
Of Suffolk Presbytery : Mr. James Brown. 

Of New Brunswick Presbytery: Messrs. William Tennent, Charles 
eKnight, Eliab Byram, Thomas Lewis, Israel Read, Samuel Kennedy, 
onradus Wort. 

Of Abington Presbytery: Messrs. (jrilbert Tennent, Richard Treat, Charles 
latty, Andrew Hunter, Daniel Lawrence, Benjamin Chesnutt. 
Of New Castle Presbytery: Messrs. Charles Tennent, Samuel Finly, 
mes Campbel, James Davenport, Evadner Morrison, Samuel Davis, Aa- 
ew Bay, John Rogers, Hugh Heniy, Robert Smith, James Finly, John 
9dd. 

Elders : Messrs. Jacob Bedel, Robert Cummins, Hugh Marten, John Roy, 
iomas Coon, Robert English, David Chambers, William Adams, Richard 
alker, Jonathan Holmes, William McCrea, John Vandyke, Francis Alex- 
der, Samuel Jamison, William Buchanan. 

Ministers Absent: Messrs. John Pierson, Ebenezer Pemberton, Simon 
>rton, Aaron Burr, John Smith, Silas Leonard, Jacob Green, Aaron Rich- 
is, Caleb Smith, Enos Ayres, Chauncey Graham, Alexander Cummins, 
hn Moffett, Daniel Thane, Jonathan Elmore, Ebenezer Prime, Silvanus 
hite, Joseph Park, Samuel Sacket, John Maltby, Samuel Bewel, Napthali 
igget, James McCrea, Samuel Harker, Job Prudden, Alexander Hutchin- 
I, Alexander Craighead, John Roan, John Blab:, Andrew Stirling, John 
right, Robert Henry. 

Messrs. John Grant and John Campbell, have departed this life since our 
t Synod. 

The Synod was opened by Mr. Treat, the last year's moderator, by a ser^ 
in, Heb. iii. 2. 

Mr. Samuel Finly was chosen moderator, Mr. Bostwick chosen clerk. 
Mr. Davis and Mr. Rogers, were appointed to revise the Synod's book 
linst the next sederunt. 

Adjourned till nine of die dock, to-morrow morning. 
Concluded with prayer. ^ 



250 MINUTES OF THE 

4th day^ at nine of the dock, A. M. Poit preces, sedenmi gtd wpra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Mr. Davis and Mr. Rogers complied with the appointment of the last Hdi- 
rtmt in revising the Syno^ book, and brought their remarks, which the Synod 
approved. 

The S3mod do appoint, that Mr. Treat, who is the stated clerk, be allowej 
three pounds per annum, for his service in transcribing the minutes in their 
proper order into the Synod book ; and that every minister endeavour to briiii; 
ten shillings annually, to defray the above mentioned charge, and for other 
exigencies that may happen, and that the same be lodged in the hands of 
Mr. Treat as the Synod's treasurer. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last S3mod be read. 

Messrs. Jones, McKnight, Todd, Kennedy, Gilbert Tennent, Rogen, 
Ghesnutt, James Campbel, Charles Tennent, Bay, Hugh Henry, Silvanw 
White, and James FiiUy, gave the reasons for their absence the last year, 
which were sustained. 

The following ministers were absent the last year as well as at this pre- 
sent meethig: Messrs. Enos Ayres, John Moffet, Jonathan Elmore, Jam 
McCrea, John Blair, John Roan, Andrew Sterling, Ebenezer Prime, San»J9 
Bewel. 

The Synod order, that the last mentioned members be called to account for 
their absence. 

Messrs. Pierson, Pemberton, Burr, Spencer, William and Charies Ten- 
nent, Treat, Rogers, Prime, Brown, Azariah Horton, and the moderator, irc 
appointed to be a commission of the Synod for the ensuing year. 

The Synod, upon inquiry concerning the collection appointed for the use 
of the college, do find they cannot go through with said affair, by reason of 
the absence of divers of their members, and do, therefore, refer it to each of 
their Presbyteries to make inquiry of each of their members, touching their 
compliance with said appointment, and take due care that their respective 
members do comply with it accordingly, and give an account of their conduct 
to the next Synod. 

The Synod do appoint each of their Presbyteries to bring their Presbytery 
books to the next Synod in order to be examined. 

The affair of union with the Synod of Philadelphia, referred to this Sjmod 
by our last, deferred to the next sederunt. 

Adjourned to three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Three of the clock, P, M, Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The affair of the union was brought under consideration, and the last pro* 
posals from the Synod of Philadelphia, &c. were read, and the Synod do ap- 
point Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, Davis, and the moderator, to prepare an answer 
thereto, and lay it before the Synod the next sederunt. 

The remaining minutes of the last Synod were read. 

The committee appointed by the last Synod to go to New York to direct 
and assist the Presbyterian congregation in affairs relating to their peace and 
edification, make report of their compliance with said appointment. The 
minutes of their proceedings being laid before the Synod, are approved, and 
are as follows, viz. 

" New Fork, October 2d, 1752. 
•« The committee appointed by the Synod to direct and assist the Presby- 
terian congregation of New York in such affairs as contribute to their peace 
and satisfaction, met, ubi post preces sederunt, Messrs. Samuel Finly, Charies 
Beatty, and Samuel Davis. 



SYNOD OP NEW YORK. 251 

^* Mr, Finly was chosen moderator, and Mr. Davis clerk. 
*^ Ordered, That the minutes of the Synod containing their conclusions con- 
minff the affair referred unto them by the Presbytenr be read. 
*^ The committee after the best inquiry they could make into the circum- 
inces of the congregation, do conclude that but two persons should at pre- 
nt be chosen to sustain die office of elders, and that Messrs. David Van- 
>m, and Israel Horsfield, are proper persons for that purpose, and they do 
«ordingly nominate the said persons to that office; and give public notice, 
at if any of the members of said congregation have any sufficient objections 
gainst either of them, they would bring Uiem into the committee in the af\er- 
3on. 
•' Adjourned to three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

«• Tliree of (he clock, P. M. Post precea sederunt qui supra. 

" Ordered, TThe minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

" Messrs. Vanhorn and Horsfield being spoken unto by the committee, and 
\% peculiar exigency of the case being represented unto them, they consent- 
d to accept of me office for which they are nominated ; and the congregation 
rought in no objections against them, but signified their consent by holding 
p their hands. 

" 'Yhe committee after careful inquiry and deliberation, do conclude, from 
est views of the present disposition of affairs they can attain, that it is not the 
xpedient at present, judicially to recommend a change of tlie version of 
*8ahns, lest the animosities in the congregation should be more inflamed ; but 
liey most earnestly recommend moderation, forbearance, and condescension 

both parties, till such times as by the use of proper measures, they shall 
ome to an agreement among themselves. Concluded with prayer." 

Application was made to the Synod in behalf of the trustees of the College 
if New Jersey, requesting the Synod to appoint two of their members, viz. 
Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, and Samuel Davies, to take a voyage to Europe on 
he important affairs of said college ; to which the Synod unanimously con- 
ent. 

The congregation of Philadelphia, under the care of Mr. Tennent, request- 
^ that in the absence of their pastor, they may be supplied with such mem- 
•ers of the Synod as they shall choose, till their next meeting; which was 
nanimously agreed unto. 

Adjourned till nine of the clock to-morrow morning. 

Concluded with prayer. 

5th day, at nine of the clock, A, M, Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
The committee appointed by the Synod to draw up an answer to the letter 
mt to them by the Synod of Philadelphia, on the aflair of the union, brought 

1 said answer, which being read before the Synod, was approved, and is as 
illows, viz. 

Reverend and dear Brethren, — Your remarks on our proposals for an union 
* the two Synods we have diligently perused, and must say, that some of 
lem, at least, were unexpected to us. Our first proposals contained some 
merals ; which, being tdo much so, were misconstructed by some on both 
des. However, when the commissioners of both Synods met at Trenton, 
ley easily saw that it was necessary, and accordingly agreed to be particular 
I their proposals for the future. For this reason we mentioned all those 
urticulars which we desired might be conceded, or at least canvassed, when 
e came to confer more closely on the affair. And if matters are duly recol- 



252 AUNUTES OP THB 

lected, we presume that it will appear we have not receded from oar pv^ 
proposals in any particular, 

1 . We did propose that all former differences, npon our uniony shooU] 
buried in perpetual oblivion. And we also proposed that the protestatiool 
tcred in the Synod in the year 1741, should particularly be buried in obliYM 
being declared void and of none effect Nor can we see any inocmsisteiMyi 
proposing the general, and afterwards a particular contained under it. Fori 
we viewed the matter. Now the protest must either be declared void, or i 
be buried in oblivion. As you declare it to be a judicial act, it must stand] 
full force and virtue unless it be nullified by an equal 'act. And thu 
uniting without its repeal, would be an implicit approbation of it, contrary] 
our judgment. And further, your ** looking upon the design of the pi 
tion answered" by your terms of union, seems to favour what we heard 
reported by some of your number, viz. that the protest was to be confii 
and we to be receivea on that footing; which was given by the commissioaj 
our Synod at Trenton, as the reason of their mentioning said protest in ^^ 
cular. Nor have we any further design in insisting that it be decli 
and of none effect, but that our uniting may not imply our approbation 
And we think that your continuing to declare that " you are well 
that the protestation was made on sufficient and justifiable grounds, and 
you are not, in the lecut, convinced that the Synod act^ wrong in 
step," is far from being an inducement to unite without an express rej 
thereof. 

2. As to the inconsistency mentioned in the second article, between 
proposing that all differences should be buried in oblivion, and all namn; 
distinction abolished, and our insisting that Presbyteries and con|^ 
should continue as they are, we must remind you that both these particul 
were expressly inserted in our first proposals, which you yourselves condi 
to be pacific; and we could not have expected that this would now be consider''] 
ed as a receding further from an union, and from our own proposals in 
thereto. Nor can we yet see that it is an inconsistency in fact, all things 
sidered. For why might there not be an union of the two Synods, so 
we might all be considered as one body, though Presbyteries and congrcgar, 
tions continue as they are. If it seems a jarring concord, as we propoisd it 
it would be more so to force people into it faster than they have clearness ID:'' 
go. If then, we proposed an union on the best terms and footing thatcirr!, 
cumstances would allow, our proposals were most consistent in (act. And 
though the *' concessions of our delegates, and our former proposals, viz. that 
congregations as they are at present, should belong to the same Presbyteries 4 
they now do, till a favourable opportunity of an advantageous alteration might ^ 
give you ground to apprehend that we would assent to the uniting of Pres- J 
byteries," yet it could not give ground to apprehend we would cfo so unttl j 
that favourable opportunity presents, which we did not apprehend could be. . 
immediately upon the union of the Synods, much less antecedent thereto. , 
So that we have not in the least receded from our former concession is ,. 
this point. .' 

3. Our professing that mutual forbearance as to different sentiments respect- . 
ing the late religious appearances, was our duty, since we all profess the..' 
same confession of faith and directory for worship ; and our desiring and hop- , 
ing for a joint testiiiiony to the late glorious work of God, are not inconsistenti . 
inasmuch as the manner in which we have proposed this particular is differ^ 
ent from that of the otliers. And though it would be inconsistent with our 
former judgment, peremptorily to insist on it as a term of union, yet it*s not 
inconsistent to speak of it, and desire an agreement about it, and leave rooia 
to make trial how far we could agree therein; and this was our design io that 



SYNOD OP NEW YORK, 253 

liicular. And if we could agree to unite in other things, it cannot be denied 
It agreement in a matter of that importance would be desirable and worth 
tempting. And as we know not but upon friendly conference about it, the 
JTercnce perhaps would not be so great as it has seemed, we thought it might 
ary well be proposed in the manner in which wc have done it. At the same 
ibe it is also plain that there is no inconsistency between our present propo- 
il and our declared sentiments, that difference in judgment should not oblige 
dissenting member to withdraw from our communion, unless the matter 
rere judged by tiie body to be essential in doctrine or discipline. And this 
re must own is an important article with us, which we cannot any way dis- 
cme with ; and it appears to us to be strictly Christian and Scriptural, aB 
rell as Presbyterian, otherwise we must make every thing that appears plain 
oty to us, a term of communion, which we apprehend the Scripture pro- 
ibits. And it appears plain to us that there may be many opinions relating to 
be great truths of religion, that are not great themselves, nor of sufHcicnt im« 
ortance to be made terms of communion. Nor t!an these sentiments ** open 
door to an unjustiiiable latitude in principles and practices,*' any more than 
be apostoPic prohibition of receiving those that are weak to doubtful disputa- 
ioiis. What is plain sin and plain duty in one's account, is not so in an- 
ther's; and the Synod has still in their power to judge what is essential and 
rbat is not. In order to prevent an unjustifiable latitude, we must not make 
erms of communion which Christ has not made; and we are convinced that 
le hath not made every truth and every duty a term. 

As to the true stating of what we believe to be the ^orious work of God's 
If^rit in the late religious appearances, that we judged, and do judge, could 
Rrbperly be done when both Synods came to confer about it. Though our 
niblic prints have not been silent on that head. Nor have we left even ** the 
acre eimple and ignorant," who inclined to give heed to us, without the 
iieans of distinguishing between *^ the work of God's Spirit and their own 
oDies, or the artifices of Satan."' So that if they yet ** continue in the mis- 
«ke,** it is not of us. 

4. As to ** the intrusions of disorderly ministers into your congregations, 
io that they are rendered incapable to perform their solemn engagements to 
heir pastors,'" of which you complain, and also ** that no regard was to be 
>aid to your repeated desires and public votes, that young men should have 
iertiGcates from some college," without retorting to the former, we only ob- 
■erre that these complaints are proper if we are to overhaul old debates, and 
dome to be judged before you; but permit us to request that they may not 
^ome into pacific proposals; for, as each side pretend to justify themselves in 
luiny things of which the other accuses, such criminations can have no pro- 
^ty, nor tendency to peace and re-union, but rather to provoke recrimina- 
ions, and are but a begging the question, or taking for granted what is in dis- 
hite. We have thought it our duty to avoid them as an incongruity, and in- 
^nsifltent with our proposals. If we sincerely seek peace, let us speak and 
ket so as has a tendency to promote it, and none to subvert it. We do not 
^resume to treat you as criminals on the present footing, and we expect to be 
Seated as a judicature on equal ground. But were each side candidly dia- 
Hwed to make the utmost acknowledgments to the other, of past wrongs, 
Much they possibly could witli a clear judgment and conscience, then these 
hinga might properly be pointed out and proposed to consideration, and thia 
tiirilt answer a valuable end. 

Ofdered, That a copy of the above be sent to the Synod of Philadelphia, at 
ttienr next session, by the Synod's stated clerk. 

i(djpamed till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded witli prayer. 
M 



*l 



«J54 MINUTES OF THE 

Ihrre. o* clock, P. M. Pott preces $tdtruni qui tupra,, { 

OnliTi'd. 'JMiut \\w iniruitRH of the last sederunt be read. ,1 

IVIiitiiMi bfiiiK miulc by William McCrea in behalf of the congregatkm i| 
WhitiM'hiy (*riM'k. for n copy of the original plan of tlie constitution of llf 
Nynoil, lliry onItT th(* HHinn to be ^iven them by their stated clerk. 4 

'V\\v liko motion was made by liavid Chambers in behalf of the new enj^^ 
imI PrttrtbytiTiiui ronf^n^^tion in Philadelphia, which was also granted. .1 

A rrpn^MiMitalion brin^ made to tlie Synod by Mr. Pemberton, and sereqi 
moiubm of ttio Pn*Nby torian congregation in New York, of the divided iMi 
x\( iiiud oon^n*^ation, nuiuesting the assistance of the Synod in their distreasl 
o»!«o. \\w Svuml do appoint Messrs. William Tenncnt, Samuel Davies, AtfC| 
llurr. V9\A\ Smith, David Bostwick, Elihu Spencer, Richard Treat, Ch«ki 
lIcAity, nnd Jolin Kof^'rs, to l>c a committee to meet at New Yorkondjl 
fourth Wodnosdny of instant October, at ten of the clock, A. M., withfi|| 
|HnviT M\\\ authority to tnuisart such xhinfrs with respect to said congregatioii 
A!« thoY »\\i\\\ jud;;o ncooHsary tor the healing of the divisions of said coqgi^ 
]f:ilion, »ud Ix'st iuiorost of n'ltffion therein. 

It U'iu^ movcil 10 tho Symnl, what thoy judge necessary as to the fomoi 
mothisl 10 Iv usiod in tho administration of baptism, the Synod do refer to (M 
cwUont Oinvtorv in that case, 

1 1 Ivuiii lurthor movod to the Synod, whether a church session hath powff 
t\« inmHUuv a now vontion of )v:dms into the congregation to whicb theyb^ 
lou):, x^uhoui (ho consent of ilio majority of said congregation; it was void 
in tW no)(ativi\ iiriniiif confradicentc. 

A \!r:iticht of an addrvss I'rtMU this Synod to the General Assembly of iht 
rhun*h \}\ Siviland. was bnnii^ht into the Synod and being read, the Syos' 
:\p)HMUt Moitsnt. l«dlHTt 'IVnnont« S|HMiotr. .\llon. and Treat, a committee io 
i^«\i«o %M\\ \\rM\ii\\\ Aiul bnui; it m tho uoxi sfdrnint, 

V\w S\ nod \lo :iUo ;ip)Hnut suul oomnuiuv 10 draw up certificates for Mr. 
iVuuoul ,-iud Mr, IKixios. 

Tho S\ «vs! ukuiji uuo *s»M!ndorA;KMi hv*w :o sispply Mr. DaviesV conerep 
iu^\ dioiuii lu'* rtl»M'n*v. J.o ;»|»jsMU\ Mo**r». HiArr. Bay, Henry, James FiflJhpt 
M»d K^s^i^, ,o\d ^\^' \yi\\w\\\M Si>MS\v».s ol iho:r sv.j'pMRg 10 be adjoslrdiH 
tt\o*i b\ xUs" Piv-*>\'.on oi \vu l\i*.lo '.o whvh :r.oy belong, and the Syned 
*U* »l»|SM»\iii*M l\\*x**\\o\\ '.o >»i;*'X> 5^0'.: rsftSpWuxe con^ie^auons ia thdr 
»U«%"»,v i> »\u;,**\ A^ i'v\ ^* ov Viu: ;»» iubs.^: ;>.t rt:::. :he Svnod do spoilt 
\|» \ ,'x\\x K» *o.jV'*\ i\*.* Si'»\t,\> K*. Fjki** MjL-.rL.T. And one lor the Foiii 
%M U\*i»x'\N\mo \*ioiv iVs' v„ \, S\-.**v. 

r t* o S \ w^s ■. i. M^ .i ^ :v » '. ,'. ; M •, \ .; \\ ^.- • w v *v. ■.' vj v Mr. He nr*- "s oi« n^tef> 



»V lU^ 








SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 355 

Yen&ent fte last Sabbath in January and the three first in February; Mr. 

SaTenport the last Sabbath in February and the three first in March; Mr. 

ISceenman the two last Sabbaths in March; Mr. Burr the four Sabbaths in 

9^1; Mr. Pemberton the four Sabbaths in May ; Mr. Finly the four first Sab- 

Imhs in June; Mr. Greenman the last Sabbath in June and the first in July; 

lilr. Cummins the three last in July and first in August; Mr. Kennedy the 
last in August and first in September; Mr. Spencer the three last in 
itember and first in October; Mr. Bostwick the four last in October. 

• /he Synod do moreover appoint, that if any of these cannot fulfil said ap- 

ftrtntments, the Presbytery to which they belong shall, without fail, send 

Wfkets in their stead. 

'The S^od appoint the Presbytery of Sufiblk, to supply New York and 

^naica m the absence of their ministers; that is to say, New York the whole 

the time, provided they were otherwise totally vacant, and Jamaica the one 

ttflf of the time. 

"**' The Synod also appoint that Mr. Spencer's congregation be supplied in his 

absence, the whole of the time, at the request of his excellency the governor. 

^ And that each Presbytery do, as much as they can, to supply the absence of 

4bfeir respective members. 

The Synod do appoint Mr. Brainerd to supply Hanover, in Virginia, the 

jbtit last Sabbaths in March next. 

I^**' That Mr. Beatty supply three Sabbaths at Fag*s Mannor and in the Forks 

oTBrandywine, before next Synod. 
. Mr. Mofiet is appointed to supply Mr. Beatty's congregation those three 

^Bibbaths, and Mr. Horton is appointed to inform Mr. Mofiet of the same, that 

1^ may seasonably acquaint Mr. Beatty when he can come. 

'" The committee appointed to revise the draught of the address to the General 

.^jMembly, presented the same, which being r^ was unanimously approved.* 

 '  

* A copy of the addreat to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotknd. 
* ' To the very veDerable and honourable the moderator and other members of the Gene- 
M Am&mlAy of the Church of Scotland, to meet at Edinburgh, May, 1754. The peti- 
»iiHL ef the Synod of New York, convened at Philadelphia, October 3, 1753, homhly 
kjfboveth: 

That a college has been latelv erected in the province of New Jersey by his majesty's 
ioyal charter, m which a number of yonth has been already educated, who are now the 
'llHlnmients of service to the church of God; and which would be (kr more extensively 
%MM6eial were it brought to maturitv. That after all the contributions that have been 
Bade to the said college, or can be raised in these parts, the fund is far from bein^ snffi' 
SMMtibr the erection of proper buildings, supporting the president and tutors, furnishing 
.a library, and defraying other necessary expenses; that the tinstees of said college, who 
are lealous and active to promote it for the public good, have already sent their humble 
'petition to this venerable house for some assistance m carrying on so important a design ; 
and also petitioned this Synod to appoint two of their members, the Rev. Messrs. Gilbert 
Tennent and Samuel Davies, to undertake a voyage to Europe in behalf of said college. 

Your petitioners, therefore, most heartily concur in the said petition of the trustees to 
the Reverend Assembly, and appoint the said Messrs. Tennent and Davies to be their 
eommissioners for that purpose. 

Aad aa your petitioners apprehend the design of said petition to be of the utmost im- 
portance to the interests of learning and religion in this in&nt coontrv, and are confident 
flf the leal of so pious and learned a body as the General Assembly of the Church of 
Sootland, to promote such a design; they beg leave to lav before this venerable house, a 
Mieral representation of the deplorable circumstances of the churches under their Syno- 
dieal care, leaving it to the commissioners to descend to particulars. 

In the colonies of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and 
Catolioa, a great number of congregations have been formed upon the Presbyterian plan, 
which have put themselves under the Sy nodical care of your petitioners, who conform to 
(be. eonstitntioD of the Church of Scotland, and have adopted her standards of doctrine, 
vonhip, and discipline. There are also large settlements lately planted in various parts, 
paitioolarlj in North and Soath Caroliiu, where multitadea are eztremely deairoaa oCtfaft 



256 If 1NUTB8 OF THE 

The same committee, according to appointmeiit, prodoeed m e ertMe at a ^ftr 
the Rer. Meaars. Gilbert Tennent and Saumiel Daviea, which beiBg wad M 
ttianimoiuly approved.* -^ 

I   t , m t U fJk 



adiaiftrttioiM of the gospel; bat they are not yet formed into ceoftigatiQiia, mad 
larly organized for want of miniBters. m 

Theae nmnerotttf bodies of people, dispersed so wide thronprh so manj colonies IjW' 
repeatedly made the most importmiate apji^cations to your petitionersi for mmisten til| 
sent among them; and yovr petitioners haTo exerted themselves to the wtmeat Ibr till 
relief, both by sending their members and candidates to ofliciate some time among Unif 
•ad usin^ all practicable measures for the education of pious yoath Ibr the nunktiy.- 

Bot alas ! notwithstanding these painful endeaTourSf your petitioners have been atted^ 
incapable to make sufficient provision for so many shepberdless flocks; and thosa^ 
oome hundreds of miles crying to them for some to break the bread of lifb among Anl 
■re oflen obliged to return in tears, with little or no relief, by reason of the aeaniym 
ministers. (I 

Though every practicable ejqiedient, which the most urgent necessity eoold mgiad 
has been used to prepare labourers for this extensive and growing harvest ; yet the wfti^ 
ber of minist^s in this Synod is far from being equal to that of the congregatioos wakK 
their care. Though sundry of them have taken the pastoral charge of two or three e% 
gregations for a time, in order to lessen the number of vacancies; and though saairf 
youth have lately been licensed, ordained, and settled in congregations, that were iMto 
destitute ; yet there are no less than forty vacant congregations at present under Hmmtf 
of this Synod, besides many more which are incapable at present to support miniB|pnt { 
and the whole colony of North Carolina, where numerous congregations of Presbytnan j 
are forming, and where there is not one Presbyterian minister settled. 

The great number of vacancies in the bounds of this Synod, is owing, partly, Is^ [ 
new settlements lately made in various parts of thu continent, partly to tba dsalfcil 
sundry ministers belonging to this Synod, but principaHy to the nnall numbet of firfl 
educated for the ministry, so vastly disproportionate to the numerous vacancies; andaipi 
less some effectual measures can be taken for the education of proper persons ftr da 
aacred character, the churches of Christ in these parts must continue in the most deiti* 
tnte circumstances, wandering shepherdless and forlorn through this wiMemess, thoa; 
sands perishing for lack of knowledge, the children of Crod hungry and unfed, mi iM 
rising age growing up in a state littM better than that of heatheuMnn, wkh regsjrd tolht 
public ministrations of the gotpth 

The numerous inconveniences of a private, and the many important advantages of ^ 
public education are so evident, that vre need not inform this venerable assembly of tiM 
who cannot but be sensible from happy experience, of the many extensive benefits m 
convenient colleges. 

The difficulty, (and in some cases impossibility,) of sending youth two, threoi four, sr 
^ve hundred nules or more, to the colleges in New EIngland, is also evident at first sif kfa 
Now it is from the college of New Jersey only, that we can expect a remedy of toeit 
inconveniences; it is to that your petitioners look for the increase of their number; it 
is on that the Presbyterian churches, through the six colonics above mentioned, princi* 
pally depend for a supply of accomplished ministers ; from that has been obtained coosi^ 
erable relief already, notwithstanding the many disadvantages that unavoidably httstl 
it in its present infant state; and from that may be expected a sufficient supply wbai 
brought to maturity. 

Your petitioners, therefore, most earnestly pray, that this very reverend AssemUjf 
would afford the said college all the countenance and assistance in their power. TJie 
young daughter of the Church of Scotland, helpless and exposed in this foreign land, ems 
to her tender and powerful mother for relief. The cries of ministers oppressed with h* 
hours, and of congregations famishing for want of the sincere milk of the word, implore 
assistance. And were the poor Indian savages sensible of their own case, they wonk) jiia 
in the cry, and beg for more missionaries to be sent to propagate the religion of Jtrti 
among them. i 

Now as the college of New Jersey appears the most promising expedient to nkam 
these grievances, and to promote religion and learning in these provinces, your petitisi^ 
ers most heartily concur with the trustees, and humbly pray, that an act may be psaed 
by this venerable and honourable Assembly, for a national collection in &vottr of sud 
college. And your petitioners as in duty bound shall ever pray, Slc. 

* A copy of the certificate for Messrs. Gilbert Tennenf. and Samuel Davies. 

The Rev. Messrs. Gilbert Tennent and Samuel Davies, tlic bearers hereof undertakiag 

I voyage to Europe, by the appointment of this Synods in ooncurrenot with thi — 



SYNOD OP NEW YORK. 257 

? Upon a representation made to the Synod, of the illegal refltraints the Pro- 
iMlant dissenters lie under in Virginia, as to their religious liberties, Messrs. 
James Davenport and John Rogers, were appointed to draw up a recommen- 
datAOD of the affair, and a certificate for Messrs. Samuel Davies and John Todd, 
"lymbers of our body living in that colony, which being done was read and 
approved.* 

'^' ; Adjoarned to Thursday the day after the commencement next September, 
ffipA then to meet at Newark. Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

^ Newark, September 2Qthf 1754. Ubi post prece» sederunt ^ 

^[!f|finisters of New York Presbytery: Messrs. John Pierson, Simon Horton, 
"ibniB Burr, Timothy Jones, David Bostwick, Caleb Smith, John Brainerd, 
Daniel Thane, Azariah Horton, Jacob Green, Aaron Richards, Enos Ayres, 
Mm Moffet, John Smith, Robert Henry, Alexander Cummins. 
'^Suffolk Presbytery: Messrs. Ebenezer Prime, Samuel Sacket. 
, " New Brunswick Presbytery : Messrs. William Tennent, James Davenport, 
J|tfiie8 McCrea, Thomas Lewis, Israel Read, Samuel Kennedy. 
- /Abington Presbytery : Messrs. Andrew Hunter, Charles Beatty, Richard 
Treat, Benjamin Chesnut, Nehemiah Greenman, Henry Martin. 
 'Tfew Castle Presbytery: Messrs. Samuel Finly, John Blair, John Rogers, 
l&bert Srnith*. 

er Eiders: Messrs. Caleb Baldwin, Joseph Prudden, Timothy Whitehead, 
Sunnel Lumb, Jonathan Sayres, Jonah Halstead, David Ray, Ephraim Lock- 
et, Thomas Coon, Brice Rickey, Abraham Reeves, David Fulton, Abram 
8b^ William Buchanan. 

"^"Ministers absent: Messrs. Silas Leonard, Jonathan Elmore, Chancey Gra- 
h§m^ Timothy Allen, Elihu Spencer, John Maltby, Samuel Bewel, James 
Ikown, Silvanus White, Joseph Park, Naphtali Dagget, Eliphalet Ball, Alex- 
iBder Craighead, Charles Tennent, James Campbel, John Roan, Samuel Da- 
Tiqs, Andrew Stirling, Andrew Bay, Hugh Henry, John Todd, James Finly, 
Jfobn Brown, John Right, Gilbert Tennent, Daniel Lawrence, Charles 
IfcKoight, Job Prudden, Samuel Harker, Conradus Worts, Evander Mor- 
tison. 

The Synod was opened by a sermon on 2 Cor. x. 4, preached by Mr. 
FKniy, the last year's moderator. 

of the college of New Jersey, for the service of said college ; the Synod do hereby cer. 
Il^, that the above reverend gentlemen are worthy and well approved members or their 
body, and do recommend them to the acceptance of the charch of God, and the work of 
tbeir mission, wheresoever Divine Providence may call them, imploring the Divine Pre- 
■nee with them and success to their important undertaking. 

Signed by order of the Synod. 
. * A copy of the representation and certificate. 

Whereij^ the Protestant dissenters of the Presbyterian denomination in the colony of 
yirginia lie under some restraints, particularly with regard to the number of their meet- 
ipg«ooaaes, which is not at all equal to what their circumstances require, though they 
have taken all legal measures to have a sufficient number registered according to the act 
of toleration. And whereas, the Rev. Mr. Samuel Davies has been appointed to take a 
vqfife to Great Britain in behalf of the college of New Jersey, and may have an oppor- 
tiyiity of using proper means to procure a redress of said grievance, this Synod do hum- 
hiy and earnestly request the concurrence and assistance of their friends there, for the 
rwef of an helpless and oppressed people in a point of so great conctequence, in which 
their religions liberties are so nearly concerned. 

We do therefore cheerfullv recommend the said Mr. Davies, who is settled in Virginia, 
and tha Rev. Mr. John Todd, his colleague, as regfular and worthy members of their body, 
itwlmirij and prodently engaged in advancing the Redeemer's kingdom. 
22* 



259 MINirnBS OF THK 

Mr. Daretiport was chosen moderator, Mr. Beslky olerk. 
Mr. Eliab Byram has been lemoved by death since onr last Synod. i 
Adjourned till half an hour after two of the dock, poai meridiem. 
Ccmcluded with prayer. 

Eodem Die, half an hour after two of the dock, P. M, Post preen M^ 
runt qtd 9upra, . 1 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last Synod be read. - 

The Rer. Mr. Pemberton is removed out of the bounds of this Synod wetie 
our last. J 

The reasons given by Messrs. Pierson, Simon Horton, Burr, J6hn Siii|||i 
Green, Richards, Cald[> Smith, Ayres, Cummins, Mofiet, Thane, Priflir 
Sacket, McCrea, Blair, and Robert Henry, for their absence the last Synrf 
were sustained. 

Messrs. Pierson, Burr, Spencer, Bostwick, William and Charles TenneUlt 
Treat, Rogers, Prime, James Brown, Azariah Horton, Finly, and the mo^b* 
rator, are appointed to be a commission of the Synod the year ensuing. 

Upon inquiry it was found that the Presbyteries have complied withie 
order of the Synod, with respect to collections for the college. 

The Presbytery books of New York and New Castle were brought to fl» 
Synod according to order, the others being forgot, are ordered to b^ brov^t 
the next Synod. 

Mr. Finly and Mr. Rogers are appointed to revise the Presbytery book* 
New York, and Mr. Bostwick and Mr. Jones the Presbytery book of New 
Gasde, and make report thereof before the conclusion of this Synod. 

The clerk reported, that he complied with the order of the Synod, and ^ 
livered their letter into the Synod of Philadelphia. 

A letter from the Synod of Philadelphia was brought in and re^, the t» 
sideration whereof was deferred till the next sederunt. 

The clerk certified the Synod, that he had complied with their order, an^ 
gave copies of the plan of their first constitution to the persons who requestec 
mem. 

The committee appointed by our last Synod to go to New York, make » 
port, that (hey complied with said appointment, and presented the minutes o 
their proceedings, which being read were approved and arc as follows.* 

* The commlfttee of the Synod met according to appointinent. 

New York, OctAer ^ 17531 

Minnters present: Messrs. WiUiani Tennent, Aaron Burr^ Charles Beatty, David fi9 
wick, Ehhtt Spencer, Caick Smith, Elder z Mr. Sarovel Kerr. 

Ministers Absent : Messrs. Richard Treat, Samnel DaTies, and Joim Rogers^ ( 

Mr. Tenncnt was chosen moderator, Mr. Bostwick clerk. 

Post precM $ederunt f«t 9ufra. 

Adjourned to three of the clock, P. M.,. and then to meet at the boose of Mr. PMok^ 
ton. Cooelodcd with prayer. 

Three ef i\e cXiKkr P- ^' Post precm eederunt fui miff** 

Ordered that the miniites of the last sederunt bo read* 

Several members of the Presbyterian congrregation at New York,, laid before the OO0 
mittee a remonstrance, containin|r sundry articles of grievance which they labour VsA 
from the past and present management of their ecclesiastical affiiirs. The coauBitM 
having distinctly and impartially coosidered the several articles of complaint, came iatl 
following conclusions, vis : 

1. As to the two first articles complaining of the neglect of ministcrfal visits, and € 
•mining into the lives and conrcrsatinns of the people, it appears by the representatit 
made by Mr. Pemberton, that he has made conscience of his duty in these respec 
though of late hs hai^ by reaaoa of Ibe dimaions subfisUng among nis psople* doaiit 



SYNOD OP NEW YORK. 259 

The appointments of the last Synod, with respect to supplying Philadel- 
phia, were well fulfilled. And also those for Hanorer, except Mr. Brainerd 
and Mr. Bay, whose reasons for omission were sustained. 



fiom it ; we therefore earnestly recommend his persisting in tJiat important part of his 
■iinisterial labourt, and that he be not discouraged by any disagreeable appearances 
among theni. 

2. As to the third article against the session concerning the new version of the psalms, 
the committee cannot think it regular for the ministers and elders to introduce a new 
vinioD, without the express consent and approbation of the majority of the congrega- 
lioa; yet since Dr. Watts*s version is introduced in this church, and is well adapted ror 
Christian worship, and received by many Presbyterian congregations, both in America 
■ad Great Britain, they cannot but judge it best for the well being of the congregation 

'tadsr their present circumstances, that they should be continued. 

' 8. As to the fourth article complaining of the neglect of the Westminster Confession, and 
lot recommending of it in baptism, the committee conceive that the vote of the Synod, 
M to the latter, is sufficient ; and Mr. Pomberton*s declaring his high approbation of said 
Confession, and public teaching the Westminster Catechisms, ought to bo satisQring 
to all. 

4. As to praying at the burial of the dead, since it is not practised but at the request 
if thoee concerned, and all are leA at their liberty to request it or not; the committee 
think it no just matter of offence, especially as it is frequently practised by the Presby- 
terian ministers in this country, and the reasons for which tlie General Assembly, (in the 
ttrly times of reformation from popery,) prohibited it, arc now evidently ceased. 

5. As to the singing anthems, &c , though the committee cannot disapprove of them at 
proper seasons, yet lest it should tend to take off the minds of persons from the important 
things they have heard in the house of God, and as it seems matter of conscience to. 
rSOBie, the committee judge it advisable to forbear the practice on the Lord*s day. 

6. As to the article complaining of injurious and contemptuous treatment; the com- 
■ittee are much grieved to find that there has been so much of it on both sides, during 
tile unhappy disputes that have subsisted among ihem, and do earnestly recommend mn- 
taal forgiveness, forbearance, and moderation towards one another, as the most likely 
Method to promote peace and unanimity among them. 

Adjourned till to-morrow at eleven of tlie clock. Concluded with prayer. 

S5fA (/ay, at eleven of the e/ocAr, A. M. Post preee$ sederunt qui svpra. 
The Rev. Messrs. Pembcrton and Cumming requested a dismission from their pastoral 
relation to this church. Mr. Pembcrton offered as his reasons, the unhappy divisions 
nbatating among Uie people, the appearances of some dissatisfaction with him, and the 
fitlle prospect of success in his miniiiitcrial labours. Mr. Cumming offered, that his low 
itate of health would not allow him to go on with his work in the present divided and 
eonfused state of the congregation. The committee proposed to the people whether they 
had any thing to object against the dismission of their ministers. A number of gentle- 
men in the behalf of others, strongly remonstrated against Mr. Pemberton*s dismission, 
ti endangering the peace of the congregation. The committee do judge the continuance 
of Mr. Pembcrton, under the present circumstances of the congregation, to be necessary, 
md are in hopes that the present confbsion in the congregation, and seeming dissatisfiic- 
tioo of some that hinder the success of his labours, will be removed. But at Mr. Pem- 
berton*s earnest request, the committee, (being sensible of the many special difficulties 
k labours under,) allow him a month's time of trial, and if upon a faithful endeavour to 
heal the divisions and serve the interest of Christ's kingdom among them, he finds all hia 
iltempts vain, and still continues his desire of a dismission, they judge it best he should 
be left at liberty to romove from or abide with them, as he shall think most consistent 
with his duty. 

As to Mr. Cumming, since no reasons have been offered to the committee against his 
dismission, the committee do judge from what has appeared to them, and for the reaaona 
irged by him, that his pastoral relation to the Presbyterian congregation in New York 
Aoaid be dissolved, and it is hereby dissolved accordingly. It is with pleasure the conv- 
aittee observe that there has been no objections against Mr. Cumming's moral conduct 
«r ministerial labours; they do, tlierefore, freely recommend him, (if God shall please to 
rertore his health,) to any Christian congregation where Divine Providence may call him, 
IS a man of eminent mmisterial gifts and abilities, and one whom they thmk m mauy 
tt^wctn fitted for special service in the church of Christ And the committee do recom« 
mend it to the congregation as their indispensable duty, that they make up all tho 
■bT Alary they promised to give to Mr. Camming. Concluded with prayer. 



300 MINUTES OF THB 

Mr. Sacket has leave to go home, as also hath Mr. Guden, - <1 

Adjouraed till eight of the clock, to-morrow morning. I 

Concluded with prayer.  ' 



U' 







27th day^ at eight of the clocks A. M. Post precee sedertaU qui ntfn. 

(Excepting Mr. Sacket.) 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last aedertmt be read. 

The committee appointed to revise the Presbytery books are not prepiMi 
to give in their report, and are ordered to be ready against the next eeatriat 
if uey can. 

Mr. Ross, a minister from New England being present, was desired to ri^ 
as correspondent.  '^'* 

The letter from the Synod of Philadelphia, respecting our union with 
was taken into consideration, and in compliance with Uieir desire therein 

pressed, the Synod appoint Messrs. Aaron Burr, David Bostwick, Wilt 

Tennent, Richard Treat, Samuel Finly, and John Blair, to be a commitlM'V 
attend the next session of the Synod of Philadelphia, in order to confer nvbh 
them about said union, in which they are to conclude nothing inconsistent WiflF' 
our former proposals. 

Upon the request of some members of the congregation of New York, €*. 
Synod do appoint Messrs. Finly and Blair to supply the said congregations . 
next Sabbath. 

Messrs. Simon Horton and Richards are absent without leave. ^ 

A letter from Hanover in Virginia, requesting further supplies until thfr, 
pastor returns, was laid before the Synod, in answer to which the Synod tfi 
points Mr. Greenman to supply them from the fourth Sabbath of Novemter 
until and including the last Sabbath of Febmary next, and recommend iti&' 
the Presbytery of New Castle, to supply said congregation the preceding aiM, 
remaining time. 

And the Synod doth appoint Mr. Clark, a candidate in the Presbytery of 
New York, to supply Mr. Greenman's congregation from the time of hisfint 
absence unto the last Sabbath of January. 

Application was also made to the Synod in behalf of Mr. Gilbert Tennent's 
congregation in Philadelphia, for supplies until their pastor returns from Great 
Britain; in compliance with which the Synod appoint Mr. Prime to supplf 
the four Sabbaths in November next; Mr. Blair the first four Sabbaths in 
December; Mr. Treat the last in December and three first in January; Mr. 
Rogers the last in January and three first in February; Mr. William Tenncftt 
the last in February and three first in March; Mr. Davenport the two lastift 
March, and two first in June; Mr. Bewel the four Sabbaths in April; Mr.' 
Burr the four Sabbaths in May ; Mr. Finly the last two in June and two tet 
in July ; Mr. John Smith the three last in July and first in August ; Mr. Jonei; 
the three last in August and first in September; Mr. Spencer the four last it"^ 
September. And in case any of these members fail, it is recommended to tlie 
several Presbyteries to which they respectively belong, to take proper caie 
that others be sent in their room. 

The Synod taking into consideration the destitute condition of Virginia tni 
North Carolina, as it hath been represented unto them, do appoint MesM*' 
Beatty, Bostwick, Lewis, and Thane, each of them to make a visit to thate 
parts for the space of three months, and the seasons to be agreed upon by 
themselves. 

And in order to supply Mr. Beatty's congregation, the Synod appoints Mr* 
Moffet to supply the month of November, (he concluding to set off in the 
beginning of said month,) and Mr. Azariah Uorton the four first Sabbttbi fi 



SYNOD OF NSW YORK. JM) 

December. That Mr. Allen rapply Mr. Lewis's congregation the month of 
anuary, and Mr. MeCrea the monw of Fehmary. 

Adjoamed till half an hour after two oS the clock, P. M. 

Concluded with prayer. 

.Modem JKe^ half an hour aflet two o^chck, P. M. Post prectM sederunt 
g%d ntpra^ 

Together with Mr. Allen, whose absence hitherto is excused. 
: Ordered, Hiat the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The Presbytery book of New York being revised was approved* 

The supplying Mr. Thane's congregation during his journey to Vir^ia, 
kc is recoBunended to the Presbytery of New York, as they shall judge 
teedful. 

(With respect unto Mr. Bo8twick*s congregation, the Synod appoint Mr. 
j^ming to supf^y it three 8abbaths during his absence, and Mr, Bimon 
|b>Klon thres Sabbaths, Mr. Dagget two Sabbaths, and Mr. Park two Sab- 
idis« 

The Synod also appoint the Presbytery of Suffolk to supply Mr. Bewel's 
imregatiott during the time he supplies in Philadelphia* 

The Synod do agree, that hereafter there shall be a committee of overtures 
ppointed at the beginning of the Synod, and that all new business shall first 
p laid before said committee, in order by them to be laid before the Synod* 

Pursuant to the order of the last Synod for a collection by the several miBis- 
en of their body, the following members brought their collections, vi^ 
iessrs. Burr, Jones, Bostwick, Thane, Azariah Horton, Davenport, WiUiaa 
Eifapent, Lewis, Read, Kennedy, Hunter, Beatty, Treat, Robert Henry, 
jlreeaman, Finly, Blair, Rogers, and Robert Smith, all which amounted to 
im pounds^ sixteen shillings, and nine pence, provincial currency, and was 
WBunitted into the hands of Mr. Treat, as their treasurer* 

Adjourned to the first of October,*to meet at Philadelphia. 

Ccneluded with prayer. 

The Synod met according to adjournment, 

Philadelphia^ October It/, 1756. Uhi postpreces sederunt^ 
jiMinislers of New Yoik Presbytery: Messrs. Aaron Burr, Aaariah Hot^ 
WU Eiihu Spencer, Jacob Green, John Brainerd. 
;. Elders: Samuel Lum, Joseph Ogden, Joseph Tuttie. 
.JMinisters absent: Messrs. John Pierson, Timothy Jones, Simon Hortolit 
rNM>thy Allen, David Bostwick, Caleb Smith, Aaron Richards, Alexander 
fHaunins, Ghancey Graham, Jonathan Elmore, Enos Ayers, John Moffet, 
fihn Smith, Daniel Thane, John Maltby, Hugh Knox, 
i JMinisters of New Brunswick Presbytery : Messrs. James McCrea, James 
Wnport, Charles McKnight, Thomas Lewis, Israel Read, Samuel Harker, 
lianel Kennedy. 

.Elders: John Adams, Gilbert Hendriokson, Robert Moore, George Wai^ 
Utt Thomas Coone. 

Ministers absent: Messrs. William Tennent, Job Prudden, Conradus 
i^orts. 

Sttfiblk Presbytery: All absent. 

Abington Presbytery, ministers : Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, Richard Treat, 
^rew Hunter, Daniel Lawrence, Benjamin Chesnut, Charles Beatty. 
^ders: Thomas Bourn, William Adams, Thomas Francis, Isaac Mills, 
4IB Wigton. 

Ministers absent: Messrs. Nehemiah Greenman, Henry Marten. 
New Castle Presbytery, ministers: Messrs. Evander MonvKm^ Svgdm^ 



1252 MINUTES OF THE 

Campbell, Samuel Finly, Samuel Davies, John Roan, Andrew BarfyJfMn 
Rodgers, James Finly, John Hogge, John Blair, Robert Smith. 

Elders: John Kirkpatrick, Philip Daires, WilUam BcU, John WMitotl 
David Stewart, Benjamin Blyth, Charles Vance, Thomas Sharp, Wiffittt 
McCrea. 

Ministers absent: Messrs. Charles Tennent, Alexander Craighead, Atiidre# 
Sterling, Hugh Henry, Robert Henry, John Brown, John Wright, Joho 
Todd. 

The Synod was opened by a sermon from 2 Cor. iv. 1, preached by Mir. 
Davenport, the last year's moderator. 

Mr. Burr is chosen moderator for the ensuing year, Mr. Davies clerk. 

Mr. Edwards is desired to sit with this Synod as correspondent "]' 

The reasons of the absence from last Synod, of the Rev. Messrs. Spenm, 
Campbell, Roan, Davies, Bay Todd, James Finly, Gilbert Tennent, Joba 
Wright, Lawrence, McKnight, Harker, and Morrison, are sustained. 

The reasons of absence from this Synod, of Messrs. Pierson, Wiffiia 
Tennent, Greenman, Todd, Bostwick, Jones, Smith, Richards, and SfDon 
Horton, being related by some members present, are sustained. 

Messrs. Pierson, Spencer, Bostwick, Gilbert, William and Charles Ten- 
nent, Treat, Davenport, Rogers, Prime, Brown, Azariah Horton, Samnd 
Finly, and the moderator, are appointed to be a commission of the Synodiiir 
the year ensuing. 

The Synod finding there is but one Presbytery book present, it is oidfffid 
that all the books be brought by each Presbytery at the meeting of the mptt 
83mod. 

The committee appointed to attend upon the Synod of Philadelphia, to eoB- 
fer with them upon the head of the union, do make report, that they complied 
with said appointment, and after conference had with a committee of that 
Synod upon that head, and after hearing several things offered in reiatioD 
thereto, desired that Synod to send their proposals in ^vriting to this Synod to 
be considered -at their next meeting. 

Mr. Simon Horton*s reason for absence from the last Synod without leiire, 
is sustained. 

Mr. Greenman*s appointment to supply Hanover was complied with; tf 
also the supplies appointed for Philadelphia, till Mr. Tennent*s return fbm 
Great Britain. 

Messrs. Beatty and Thane have fulfilled their appointments to go to Vi^ 
ginia and Carolina; and Mr. Lewis's reasons for non-compliance, arefOd* 
tained. 

Mr. Azariah Horton supplies Mr. Beatty's congregation in his absence, 
according to appointment. 

As Mr. Moflfet did not comply with the appointment of Synod in his sop- 
plies, the Synod order the Presbytery of New York to inquire into the iw- 
sons of his omission. 

Messrs. Blair, Azariah Horton, Rogers, Davenport, Morrison, Beatty, and 
Davies, are appointed a committee of overtures, and for any other business 
the Synod shall recommend unto them, and that they meet to-morrow mon»- 
ing, at eight of the clock, and Mr. Davies moderator. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning at nine of the clock. 

Concluded with prayer. 

2d dm/. Nine of the dock, A. M. Post preces, sederunt qui suff^' 
Messrs. Marten, Read, Charles Tennent, and Worts, are come, and tiie 
reasons of their absence yesterday are sustained. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 



i 




SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 269 

f ]Ai refeitnce was brought into the Synod by the Presbytery of New York, 
^meennnf the removal of Mr. Bostwick from Jamaica, by a call from the 

eytman congregation in New York, and the settling the order and disci- 
of said church, which, after reading several papers, and hearing what 
mm offered in relation thereto, was deferred till the next sederunt^ for further 

SiidiBration. 
pplication being made to the Synod from the trustees of New Jersey col- 
" for a general collection in all their congregations for the use of said col- 
the Synod do recommend it to their several Presbyteries, to take such 
lures as they judge proper to make collections in the congregations with- 
L their respective bounds, for the use of the college of New Jersey, betwixt 
~'n and the next Synod, and send such collections by some proper hand to 
.S^naod. 
' ijoumed till four of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

k . Ibur of the clock, P, M. Post prects, sederunt qui supra. 

^Or dered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

"^The affair of New York reassumed, but for want of time to go through 

Snlh it, it is referred to the next sederunt. 

^Itrpon sundry petitions from various parts of North Carolina, setting forth 

iMr distressing circumstances for want of a preached gospel among them, 

Wl requesting help from this Synod, Messrs. Brainerd and Spencer are ap- 

ited to take a journey thither before winter, and supply the vacant conffre- 

there, and in parts adjacent, for six months, or as long as they shall 

necessary; and the appointment of supplies for Mr. Spencer's congre- 

»o is referred till to-morrow. 

(joomed till to-morrow morning, at half an hour afler eight of the clock. 

liQ^ttlclttded with prayer. 
h  

k^j9d day. Half an hour after eight of the clocks A. Af. Post preces sede- 
1 1 nmt qui sitpra^ 

Except the Rev. Messrs. Burr, Brainerd, McKnight, and Lawrence, who 

permitted to go away. 
The moderator being gone, Mr. Treat was desired to take his place at this 



K'^lOrdered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

A petition was brought into the Synod setting forth the necessity of erect- 
iPg a new Presbytery in Virginia, the Synod therefore appoint the Rev. 
ftmael Davies, John Todd, Alexander Craighead, Robert Henry, John 
Wright, and John Brown, to be a Presbytery, under the name of the Presby- 
slHjr of Hanover, and that their first meeting shall be in Hanover, on the first 
Wednesday of December next, and that Mr. Davies open said meeting by a 
jlffmon; and that any of their members settling to the southward and west- 
r9!«rd of Mr. HoggeVi congregation, shall have liberty to join said Presbytery 
of Hanover. 

nr The affair from New York reassumed, and as there was not time to finish 
>tb,it to referred till the afternoon. 
I , A^joamed till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Three of the dock, P. M. Post preces, sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The affair from New York reassumed, and the Synod having fully heard 
—jl disrnnif d said affair* do appoint Messrs. Spencer, Samuel Finly, and the 
doilL, to draw up the judgment of the Synod thereupon, against eight of the 
doek ibto evening. 

The Synod appoint Mr. Clark to take a journey into Vii^;}!^ ucA.'&cs^ 



aM 



IflNOTEB OP VHE 



Carolina, to sapply the Tacanciea there for six inontfaB, betwixt Ihie 
Synod, particulariy at Rocky River and Sugar Creek, at tiie Uawfidds»&aip 
Ilico, aiid Dan Rivers. - •' iia 

A paper was presented to the Synod containing aa aecoant of aondry fM 
rou8 and valuable donations from divers friends in Englaikl, for the eAloM 
of pious, indigent youth, for the gospel ministry, which the Synod, in aiii 
to express their gratitude , for, as well as for the security of the same for^ 
purpose aforesaid, order to be recorded in their minutes, and are as foUowb" 

7b the Reverend Synod of New Fork. 

The annual interest of the following donations was appropriated by ik 
donors, for the education of such youth for the ministry ot the gospel, in ita 
College of New Jersey, as are unable to defray the expenses of their 
tion, who appear, upon proper examination, to be of promising genius, 
vinistic principles, and in the judgment of charity, experimentsQly acqi 
with a work of saving grace, and to have a distinguished seal for the gloiyV 
God, and salvation of men. ' '^ 

London, 

Mr. Samuel Savage, .... 

Mrs. Rachel Spellerburg, .... 

Mr. William Wetmore, .... 

Robert Cruttenden, Esquire, - . - . 

Rev. Mr. Ziegenhagen, .... 

Rev. Samuel Pike, ..... 

Rev. George TumbuU, - - - - 

Mr. Joseph Williams, of Kidderminster, 

Mr. Austin, of ditto, ... 

Mr. Joseph Field, ..... 

Mr. Cruttenden's Friend, . . . 

Mr. Henry Carringlon, .... 

Mr. Carrington Bowles, .... 

Mr. Dennis Debert, ..... 

Mr. James Cox, - . . . . 

Mr. William Fuller, .... 

Daniel Booth, Esquire, - . - - 

Rev. Thomas Gibbons, and some of his friends, 

Rev. Thomas Hall, and some of his friends, 

Mr. Joseph Hartwel, ..... 

Mr. John Bowles, .... 

Mr. Furnell, ..... 

Mr. Skinner, - . . . . 

Mr. Jonathan Eade, ..... 

Mr. Shirly Wolmer, .... 

Mr. James English, ..... 

The Independent Congregation in Ipswich, 

Rt Mr. Frost's Congregation in Yarmoutfi, - 

Rev. Mr. Davidson's Congregation in Braintre, 

Rev. Mr. Fosket in Bristol,* .... 

Mr. Lunel in Dublin, .... 

Rev. Mr. Ogilvie in New Castle, ... 

Sum total, £296 17 



£ 


8, 




10 


10 


a:iI 


50 







5 


5 




5 


5 




4 


4 




3 


S 




1 


1 


*:.' 


5 


6 


^•'P 


3 


12 


r! 


1 


1 





5 


5 





3 


3 





1 


1 





5 


5 


9 


5 


5 





5 


5 





5 


5 





12 


12 


0. 


15 


15 


• 


2 


2 


0. 


5 


5 


0M 


2 


2 


0^ 


- 1 


1 


(► 


3 


3 


9 


1 


1 


1 


10 


10 





23 





f 


27 


5 


« 


. 46 





« 


5 


5 


• 


1 


1 





20 


10 


• 



• The Rev. Mr. Fooket, the donor, expressly ordered, that his donation be^vrfM^ 
the educ ation of poor pioiu youth, of Calvinistic principles, of every deno^M^P ^ 



\ 



SYNOD OF NEW TORE. MS, 

3ve sum of two hundred and ninety-six pounds, seventeen shillings, 
eing given in trust to us, the subscribers, with design that the annual 
ereof for ever be applied for the use aforesaid: We do, by virtue of 
put the said sum into the hands of the trustees of the College of 
ey, in trust, to be applied to the education of such youth, of the cha^ 
ve mentioned, as shall be examined and approved of by the Synod 
ork, (or by what name soever that body of men may be hereafter 
id by them recommended to the trustees of said college, and to be 
long such youth in such proportion as said Synod shall think fit. 
Witness our hands, 

Gilbert Tennsnt, 
Samuel Daviss. 
I, October 25thj 1754. 

ber ]«/, 1754. Received by the Rev. Mr. Pye, of Sheffield, the 
sum of ten pounds, seven shillings, and six pence, sterling, to be 

above directed, 
iree hundred and seven pounds, four shillings, and six pence, ster- 

GlLBBRT TbNNBNT, 

Saiiijel Davies. 

education of youth of the character aforesaid. 
Ruggles, Esquire, of Bocking, fifty pounds. 

3ve sum of fifty pounds sterling, being given in trust to us, the sub- 
with design that the principal be applied as soon as occasion re- 
)r the education of youth of the characters before described: We do, 
of said trust, put the said sum into the hands of said trustees, for 
nd under the direction of the Synod of New York, as aforesaid. 
s our hands, London, October 25, 1754. 

Gilbert TENNEirr, 
Samuel Davies. 
nod appoint that such youth as may be candidates for this benefac- 
(amined by the Synod at their aimual meeting. 
Ibert Tcnncnt reported to the Synod that he has lately received a 

hundred pounds sterling, generously given for the propagation of 
i among the Indians, and to be under the direction of this Synod, 
'nod do appoint the Rev. Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, Samuel Finly, 
)encer, and Davies, to draw up a plan for the application of the 
ntributed in Great Britain for the use of the Indians, and lay the 
re the Synod, before the end of their present session. The same 

1 appointed to draw up certificates for those ministers who are ap- 
> go to the southward. 

ynod appoint the Presbytery of New York to draw up a certificate 

lark, being a candidate belonging unto them. 

mmittee appointed to draw up the judgment of the S3mod on the 

New York, presented what they had Mrritten, which, with some 

nts, was approved, and is as follows, viz. 

yrnod having heard and maturely considered the sundry complaints 

!sts of both parties from the Presbyterian congregation in New York, 

he following conclusions thereon. 

lough the Synod upon former inquiry did find that the trustees have 

discharged their trust, and are still of the same judgment, yet as 

been a mutual agreement between the trustees and those dissatis- 

that constitution, that as soon as the debts of the church are paid, 

lid no louger be elected in their present form ; the Synod q^fove of 

13 



<269 MINUTES OP THE 

said agreement, and judge, that if the congregation think it expedient to have 
a committee for the management of their temporal concerns, the said eom- i 
mittee shall he chosen after that time, by the ministers, elders, and deaoons, 
with consent of the congregation, and accountable to them for their oondiMl 
And in order the more speedily to discharge the said debts, the Synod reeoi^ 
mend it to the congregation to pay punctually, and as soon as possibley iNf 
pew rents that may be due. And that the affairs of the congregation may M 
carried on with greater regularity, the Synod also recommend it to them to 
choose a greater number of elders and deacons as soon as they convemeatf 
can. 

That as there is a number of tlie congregation much dissatisfied with tin 
constant use of Dr. Watts's version of the Psalms, and earnestly desirous tbtt 
the Scotch version should be used, and as mutual forbearance and condesoflfL 
sion in such cases, is a duty which Christians owe to one another, and is bi^ 
cessary to preserve the peace of society, the Synod determine that the Seoleh ; 
version be used equally with the other in the stated public worship on tkl 
Lord*8 days. 

That previously to the administration of baptism, the minister shall inqniiv 
into the parents' knowledge of the great and fundamental doctrines of the gos* 
pel, and the regularity of their life; and being satisfied so as to admit them, 
shall in public point out the special duties of the parents, and particuladyi 
that they teach their children the doctrines and precepts of Christianity, eoo- 
tained in the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments, and comprised ii 
the Westminster Confession of Faith and Catechisms: which therefineitt 
shall recfommend unto them. 

That whereas complaint has been made of a number assuming the name (f( 
the Scotch Presbyterian Society, it shall be deemed irregular and censuraUl 
for any part of the congregation to form a party, and consider themselves ail 
society distinct from the rest of the congregation. 

That as to the removal of Mr. Bostwick, the congregation of Jamaica not 
being prepared to make a representation on this head, the Synod appoints the 
following members, viz. Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, Prime, William Tennent, 
Burr, Treat, Davenport, John Smith of Rye, McCrea, Bealty, Hunter, Allen, 
Read, Buel, Sacket, Brown, Lewis, and Rodgers, to be their committee, to 
meet at Jamaica, on the 29th of this instant October, to determine that afikir, 
and any other matters relative to it, that may come before them. 

Adjourned till nine of the clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 



 



4tk day^ at nine of the clock, A, M, Fost preces, sederunt qui wjpfft 

Except Messrs. Lewis, Campbell, and Hogge, who have obtained leave to 
go home. 

Ordered, The minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The Synod recommend it to all the members, excepting such who live so 
near the place of meeting that they can go to their congregations after twelve 
of the clock on Saturday, and return again by ten of the clock on Mondiyt 
that they do not make any appointments to preach on the Lord's day (cUk^ 
ing the Synod, or so pre-engage themselves as to be obliged to retnra befci* 
the conclusion of the Synod, in any time coming. 

A letter from the Synod of Philadelphia, concerning an union with tb* 
Synod, was read, [See page 216,] and after much debate and consuha^ 
had upon it, it was referred to a committee to draw up an answer against ne^^ 
Monday morning, at ten of the clock, and that those members that remaiA ^ 
town this afternoon be a committee for that purpose. 

Adjourned till Monday morning, at ten of the clock. 

Concluded with prayer. ^ 



SYffOD OF N£W YORK. fffff 

Ottcber 6, ten of the clock, A. M, Poit preces itderunt qui supra, 
Ordered, That the miButes of the last sederunt be read. 
11 order to supply the congregations of those ministers, who are to go to 
southward, the S3aiod appoint the Presbyteries of New Brunswick and 
ington to supply within the bounds of the New York Presbytery each four 
ibathtf. And that the Presbytery of Suffolk supply either New York or 
naica, as need shall be, each member two Sabbaths. 
Kb the present critical and alarming situation of the country, requires par- 
ilar applications to heaven, the Synod recommend it to all the Presbyteries 
ippoint a day, when they think proper, to be religiously observed, either 
thanksgiving or humiliation, as the posture of affairs may then require. 
Mr. Charles Tennent is appointed to preach in Philadelphia the first Sab- 
h in November, in the room of Mr. Gilbert Tennent, who is to be from 
ne on the appointment to Jamaica. 

The committee appointed to draw up an answer to the minute of Philadel- 
a Synod, make report, that they have not been able yet to complete it, but 
)ect to be ready against the next sederunt. 
kdjourned till three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Three of the dock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra, 

)rdered. That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The committee brought in their answer to the Synod of Philadelphia, which 

i carefully examined, but there not being time to finish it, the further con- 

Bration of it is referred till to-morrow. 

rhe following ministers, viz: Messrs. Burr, Charles Tennent, Rogers, 

bert Smith, Davies, Azariah Horton, Davenport, Hunter, McKnight, and 

onedy, brought collections into the Synod, in all amounting to five pounds 

r shiUings provincial, and it is committed to Mr. Treat their treasurer. 

kdjoumed till nine of the clock, to-morrow morning. 

yoneluded with prayer, 

7th day, at nine cfthe dock, A. M. Post preces, sederunt qui supra. 

Except Messrs. Roan, Smith, and James Finly, and Charles Vance, who 
. leave to go away.) 

)rdered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
The answer to the Synod of Philadelphia was again taken under considera- 
I, togedier with a plan of proposals for an union, and Messrs. Samuel Finly 
Blair are appointed to nnisn the plan and bnng it in at the next sederunt, 
Ldjoumed till three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Eodem Die, three of the clock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
fessrs. Finly and Blair brought in their answer to the Synod of Philadel- 
i, and a plan of union, which was read and approved, and is as follows: 
i copy of a minute of Philadelphia Synod at their convention in May last, 
ting to the proposals of union between the two Synods, was brought in and 
1. In which they propose, that in order to an union, '* all past complaints 

difierences should be mutually forgiven and buried in perpetual oblivion ; 
; the Synods should unite as two contiguous bodies of Christians, agreed in 
leiple, as though they had never been concerned with one another before, 

had any differences ; and now join the Synods and Presbyteries upon 
h Scriptural and rational terms, as may secure peace and good order, tend 
veal our broken churches, and advance religion hereafter.*' On this we 
; leave to observe, that it was agreed unanimously, by the commissions of 



<266 MINUTES OF THE 

said agreement, and judge, that if the congregation think it expedient to haie 
a committee for the management of their temporal concerns, the said odm* 
mittee shall he chosen after that time, by the ministers, elders, and deaoou^ 
with consent of the congregation, and accountable to them for their eondvil 
And in order the more speedily to discharge the said debts, the Synod reeiM^ 
mend it to the congregation to pay punctually, and as soon as possible, ttJi 
pew rents that may be due. And that the affairs of the congregation may 11 
carried on with greater regularity, the Synod also recommend it to them D 
choose a greater number of elders and deacons as soon as they convenieirijf 
can. 

That as there is a number of the congregation much dissatisfied with thi 
constant use of Dr. Watts's version of the Psalms, and earnestly desirous tbi 
the Scotch version should be used, and as mutual forbearance and condesM^ 
sion in such cases, is a duty which Christians owe to one another, and is ti 
cessary to preserve the peace of society, the Synod determine that the ScMk 
version be used equally with the other in the stated public worship on M 
Lord's days. 

That previously to the administration of baptism, the minister shall inquiit 
into the parents' knowledge of the great and fundamental doctrines of the go^ 
pel, and the regularity of their life ; and being satisfied so as to admit tbem, 
shall in public point out the special duties of the parents, and particolulyt 
that they teach their children the doctrines and precepts of Christianity, eoo- 
tained in the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments, and comprised, il 
the Westminster Confession of Faith and Catechisms: which thereforahl 
shall recommend unto them. 

That whereas complaint has been made of a number assuming the naine4 
the Scotch Presbyterian Society, it shall be deemed irregular and censonUi 
for any part of the congregation to form a party, and consider themselves Ml 
society distinct from the rest of the congregation. 

That as to the removal of Mr. Bostwick, the congregation of Jamaica not 
being prepared to make a representation on this head, the Synod appoints the 
following members, viz. Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, Prime, William Tennent, 
Burr, Treat, Davenport, John Smith of Rye, McCrea, Beatty, Hunter, Allen, 
Read, Buel, Sacket, Brown, Lewis, and Rodgers, to be their committee, ti 
meet at Jamaica, on the 29th of this instant October, to determine that a^i 
and any other matters relative to it, that may come before them. 

Adjourned till nine of the clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

4th day, at nine of the clock, A, M, Fost preces, sederunt qtn wfn^ 

Except Messrs. Lewis, Campbell, and Hogge, who have obtained leave to 
go home. 

Ordered, The minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The Synod recommend it to all the members, excepting such who lire «o 
near the place of meeting that they can go to their congregations after twdw 
of the clock on Saturday, and return again by ten of the clock on Mon^i 
that they do not make any appointments to preach on the Lord's day follow- 
ing the Synod, or so pre-engage themselves as to be obliged to return bsM^ 
the conclusion of the Synod, in any time coming. 

A letter from the Synod of Philadelphia, concerning an union with ^ 
Synod, was read, [See page 216,] and after much debate and consnltlM 
had upon it, it was referred to a committee to draw up an answer against next 
Monday morning, at ten of the clock, and that those members that remain to 
town this afternoon be a committee for that purpose. 

Adjourned till Monday morning, at ten of the clock. 

Concluded with prayer. ' 



SYffpp OF NEW YQRR. fff^y 

Oeiober 6, itn of the clocks A, M. Post precei sederunt qui nq^ra. 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last aedenmt be read. 
In order to supply the congregations of those ministers, who are to go to 
» southward, the S3aiod appoint the Presbyteries of New Brunswick and 
•ngtoa to supply within the bounds of the New York Presbytery each four 
bbathtf. And that the Presbytery of Suffolk supply either New York or 
Biaica, as need shall be, each member two Sabbaths. 
As the present critical and alarming situation of the country, requires par- 
ular applications to heaven, the Synod recommend it to all the Presbyteries 
appoint a day, when they think proper, to be religiously observed, either 
thanksgiving or humiliation, as the posture of afiairs may then require. 
Mr. Charles Tennent is appointed to preach in Philadelphia the first Sab- 
fa in November, in the room of Mr. Gilbert Tennent, who is to be from 
ne on the appointment to Jamaica. 

The committee appointed to draw up an answer to the minute of Philadel- 
ia Synod, make report, that they have not been able yet to complete it, but 
;>ect to be ready against the next sederunt. 
idjourned till three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Three of the clocks P. M, Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The committee brought in their answer to the Synod of Philadelphia, which 

s carefully examined, but there not being time to finish it, the further con^ 

eradon of it is referred till to-morrow. 

Fhe following ministers, viz: Messrs. Burr, Charles Tennent, Rogers, 

bert Smith, Davies, Azariah Horton, Davenport, Hunter, McKnight, and 

timedy, brought collections into die Synod, in all amounting to five pounds 

r shiUings provincial, and it is committed to Mr. Treat ibeir treasurer. 

Adjourned till nine of the clock, to-morrow morning. 

Ooneluded with prayer. 

7th day, at nine cfthe dock, A. M. Post preces, sederunt qui supra. 

S Except Messrs. Roan, Smith, and James Finly, and Charles Vance, who 
leave to go away.) 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
The answer to the Synod of Philadelphia was again taken under considera- 
9, togedier with a plan of proposals for an union, and Messrs. Samuel Finly 

I Blair are appointed to finish the plan and bnng it in at the next sederunt, 
iLdjonmed till three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Eodem Die, three of the clock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read, 
^lessrs. Finly and Blair brought in their answer to the Synod of Philadel- 
ta, and a plan of union, which was read and approved, and is as follows : 

II copy of a minute of Philadelphia Synod at their convention in May last, 
iting to the proposals of union between the two Synods, was brought in and 
d. In which they propose, that in order to an union, ^' all past complaints 
I difiTerences should be mutually forgiven and buried in perpetual oblivion ; 
t the Synods should unite as two contiguous bodies of Christians, agreed in 
Qciple, as though they had never been concerned with one another before, 

had any differences ; and now join the Synods and Presbyteries upon 
h Scriptural and rational terms, as may secure peace and good order, tend 
leal our broken churches, and advance religion hereafter.*' On this we 
; leave to observe, that it was agreed unanimously, by the commissions of 



268 MINUTES OF THE 

both Synods at Trenton, that both sides should be particular* m pi 
whatever they thought necessary in order to union, and as some thingsV 
we judged to be ** Scriptural and rational'* terms, our circumstances 
dered, have not been consented to by the Synod of Philadelphia, we 
have been glad, had they descended to those particulars-, that we m^ht 
been now able to judge, whether there be grounds to expect satisfactiaii 
ceming them; particularly our proposals concerning the continuance of 
byteries and congregations as they now stand, and the terms of mi 
communion mentioned in the year 1749, at Maidenhead, second and 
articles, and article second at Newark, anno 1750, and first article anno f 
which last we esteem to be always Scriptural and rational terms. 

We readily agree, that ** it is the command of Christ, and a necessaiy 
in the present imperfect state, to forgive injuries and offences, and that { 
among Christians cannot otherwise be preserved;'* and we can assure 
brethren of Philadelphia Synod, that our insisting on certain preliminaries,.^^ 
not proceed, so far as we know ourselves, from humour or resentmen^^ 
from an apprehending them necessary to preserve and promote the 
interests of religion amongst us ; and so did not consider Uiem with refc 
to personal injuries, which it is in our power and would be our duty to 
give. And though some of our members desire leave to declare, that *' 
think themselves greatly injured and offended in many instances,** 
larly in being charged in the protest, as the reasons of entering it, wi 
ral grievous crimes, which they Constantly declare were not fact, *• yet for 
sake of peace and the good of the church," they profess themselves wilIiD| 
forgive such offences, so far as they are personal. 

We also agree, that '* any member or members being aggrieved, and 
taining no satisfying redress, even in the highest judicature, have a right 
protest and to require the same to be recorded. And as the judicature bwT 
not refuse membein? this privilege, so neither can they disannul or wtthdnl; 
such protestation. The protesters themselves only can do this." And iH. 
must own, that our insisting on the Synod's disannulling the protestation mat. 
in 1741, could have no propriety but from our apprehension that the Synpj^ 
of Philadelphia, as a Synod, had approved and adopted said protestaliot 
And consequently, if our brethren should declare, that in their Synodical capr. 
city they do not adopt it, this will remove the ground of our insisting zaj 
further on this point with the Synod. 

Further, we assure our brethren, that in meeting sometimes at Philadelpliiib 
we neither did nor do design any opposition to their Synod. The only reaaof, 
is, the ease of many members who are far distant to the southward and well; 
ward of Philadelphia, and on that account cannot, without almost insupportr. 
ble difficulty, duly attend Synodical conventions, which, we hope, will be « 
satisfying reason for our conduct in this particular. 

We " apprehend, with our bethren, that peace and union are of the utmoit 
importance in the church of Christ," and are heartily willing to come into i 
coalition upon " such Scriptural and rational terms, as may secure peace end 

good order, heal our broken churches, and advance religion hereafter;" nor 
o we insist on particulars with any other view, than that the proposed umOB. 
might effectually answer such valuable and important ends. 

Finally, as the protestation made in 1741, appears to be a principal obetrdb* 
tion to the union of both Synods, which nothing hitherto offered has beei. 
able to remove, and as a great part of the present members of both Synodl^ 
are such as were not directly active nor immediately concerned in thatpRp'' 
testation ; and as the present minute of the Synod of Philadelphia seems to 
distinguish between the protesters and the Synod, and so give us ground to 
expect that they will satisfy us by declaring, that they do not Synodicatty 



SYNOD OF N£W YORK. 2&9 

jppt said protestation. Upon their doing of which, we propose the following 
tpedient for the entire removal of the aforesaid obstacle, to wit: That both 
irnpds unite upon the terms mentioned by this Synod in their particular pro- 
Mais made in the years referred to above, that one article respecting the pr^ 
p&tion excepted. That the Synod, thus composed of both bodies, shall, 
jlnediately after being constituted, proceed to hear and determine the difTer- 
|»M between the protesters and those protested against, if needful. 
,The Synod appoint their clerk to transcribe the above answer and plan, and 
lid it in to the Synod of Philadelphia at their next meeting. 
.The committee appointed to draw up a plan for the application of the nfioney 
nierously given for the propagation of the gospel among the Indians, report 
1^ the donor of the before-mentioned money, directs it to be put into the 
^pds of the trustees of the college of New Jersey and their successors in trust, 
jr the uses and purposes hereafter mentioned, viz : ** Either towards the sup- 
k^ of a pious and well qualified missionary in preaching the gospel amonff 
le Indians in North America, or the supporting of a pious and well qualified 
l^oolmaster in teaching the Indians the English language, and th^ principles 
natural and revealed religion ; or for maintaining a pious and well qualified 
idian youth at the college of New Jersey, while prosecuting his studies there, 
I order to his instructing his countrymen in the English language and the 
(iristian religion, or preaching the gospel to them; or for maintaining a pious 
Id well qualified youth of English or Scotch extract, at that college, during 
is preparatory studies for teaching or preaching the gospel among the In- 

£Mf in case an Indian youtli of suitable qualifications, cannot at some parti- 
r time be obtained. With this express limitation, namely, that the Synod 
uNew York, (or by whatever name that body shall, in time coming, be 
Ped,) shall direct and determine, to which of the uses before mentioned, the 
Billy interest of the aforesaid principal sum, shall be from time to time ap- 
|ed; and which of the candidates for that particular use shall be preferred; 
id how the overplus above what may reasonably answer the particular use 
t any time pitched on, (if any such overplus be,) shall be employed as in 
roviding Bibles or other good books, conducive to promote the general de- 
gn. 

The Synod agree to follow the directions of the generous donor, and to 
Jply the donation for the purpose intended as soon as possible. 

It being proposed to form a fund for the use of ministers' widows and 
tphans, the Synod appoint Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, and Burr, to procure 
jans against the next Synod ; and they recommend it to their members to use 
iloper means in the interim, to make ministers and people, sensible of its ne- 
Mty and importance; and that they come prepared to contribute to it at the 
eizt meeting. 

Adjourned to the day after the next commencement at Newark. 

Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

Newark, sSptenU)er 30, 1756. Ubi post precea sederunt , 

Ministers of SufiTolk Presbytery : Messrs. Ebenezer Prime, Samuel Bewel, 
unes Brown, Samuel Sacket, Eliphalet Ball. 

Ministers of New York Presbytery: Messrs. John Pierson, Aaron Burr, 
imon Horton, Azariah Horton, John Brainerd, Timothy Allen, John Smith, 
icob Green, David Bostwick, Elihu Spencer, Timothy Jones, Daniel Thane, 
^ron Richards, Nathaniel Whitaker. 

Ministers of New Brunswick Presbytery : Messrs. William Tennent, James 
avenport, James McCrea, Charles McKnight, Thomas Lewis, Samuel Ken- 
edy, benjamin Hait. 
23* 






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.V  • 




SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 571 

Mirixiiich 88 80ine particular memberB have done it, the Synod order them to 

ay the same into the hands of Mr. Brainerd, and that he give an account 

hnfeof to the Synnd, before the conclusion of this meeting. 
And the Synod do recommend it to their members that have not 88 yet 

■implied with the said order, to do all they reasonably can before their next 

Meting. 

M>The difficulties and dangers of the times rendered it in a great decree im- 

■atticable for Messrs. Spencer and Brainerd to answer the end of Uieir ap- 

Miintment to the southward, and for that reason said appointments were not 

iKUed. 
There were the like reasons for Mr. Clark's not fulfilling his appouitment 

p^ file southern provinces. 

^ There having been reposed a certain sum of money in the hands of the 
tees of New Jersey College, for the uses expressed in the minutes of last 
, the Synod doth appoint Mr. Allen to attend upon the President, and re- 
ve proper receipts and certificates for said money, to be brought into the 
nod at their next meeting. 
And whereas the Synod appointed such scholars as expect any part of the 

bnd designed for the education of pious youth, to be examined by the Sjmod 
iheir annual meeting, the Synod finding they are unable, through a multi- 
city of business, and by reason of the absence of some that design to oflTer 
mselves, to have their examination before their own body at this meeting, 
appoint Messrs. Burr, William Tennent, Brainerd, Davenport, Treat, 
night, Cummins, and Hait, to be a committee to meet at Princeton, the 
enty-ihird day of November next, to examine such candidates as offer, and 

fcittimine what proportion of said money each shall have the ensuing year. 
The committee appointed to meet at Jamaica on the affair of Mr. Bostwick*s 

removal, laid the minutes of their proceedings before the Synod, which were 

lliproved, and are as follows: 

At a meeting of the committee of the Synod of New York, at Jamaica, Oc- 

lober 29, 1755, according to appointment. Present, Messrs. President Burr, 

Bamuel Sacket, Samuel Bewel, Israel Read, James Brown, Timothy Allen. 
Po8t preces, sederunt qui supra. 

^■^ The committee was opened by a sermon preached by Mr. Bewel, from Job 

auv. 8. 

Mr. Burr chosen moderator, Mr. Allen clerk. 

The affair of Mr. Bostwick's removal came under consideration. The 
0^mittee having heard all the several parties concerned in that affair, had to 
^Aer on that head, after much deliberation adjourned the further consideration 
$f it till to-morrow, half an hour past eight in the morning, to which time the 
committee is adjourned. Concluded with prayer. 

. dOih dav, the Committee met according to adjournment. Ubipost preces 

sederunt^ 
'.' The committee proceeded to a long deliberation on the affair of Mr. Bost- 
wick's removal. 

Eodem Die, seven of the clock, P. M. 
' Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, William Tennent, James McCrea, Charles Beat- 
ty, Andrew Hunter, and John Rogers, came, being prevented attending the 
preceding sederunls by the tempestuousness of the weather. 

The affair of Mr. Bostwick's removal from Jamaica to New York reconsid- 
ered ; and after much consultation, concluded to defer the further considera- 
lion of it till to-morrow morning, at eight of the clock; to which time the 
bbmmittee is adjourned. Concluded with prayer. 



279 MINUTES OF THE 

3l«/ day^ the Committee met according to adjournment. Ubipestfm 

sederunt^ :, 

The affair of Mr. Bostwick's removal, iic. reassumed. '^ 

The committee not having isufficieat light to come to « full determinatidl 

that affair at this time, conclude that it be referred to the standing copamui 

of the Synod of New York, to be convened by the moderator, at Priocfi 

on the second Wednesday of April next, at eleven of the clock, A« M.; i 

that Mr. Bostwick be appointed to supj^y at New York, tbe whole moii 

of December and January, and the two first Sabbaths of February next; i 

that the Presbytery of New York provide a constant supply for Jamaie^l 

ring Mr. Bostwick*s absence. And this committee recommends it to the p( 

pie of Jamaica, to make the necessary winter provisions for Mr. Bostwn 

family as usual. Concluded witli prayer. 

The commission of the Synod made report to the Synod, that they met 
the affair of Mr. Bostwick's removal, referred unto them by the committi 
the minutes of their proceedings are as follow : 

The commission of the Synod of New York regularly called, met at 

Princetown, Aprit 14, 1756. 

Present: Messrs. the moderator, Aaron Burr, John Pierson, William IV 
nent, Richard Treat. James Davenport, John Rogers, Azariah Horton. 

Absent: Messrs. Elihu Spencer, David Bostwick, Gilbert Tennent, Cba^ 
Tennent, Ebenez^r Prime, James Brown, Samuel Finly. 

Correspondents: Messrs. Timothy Junes, Timothy Allen, Charles IS! 
Knight, John BrainerJ, Charles Beatty, Daniel Lawrence, Caleb Smith. 

Postprecea sederunt. 

Mr. Caleb Smith was chosen clerk. 

The commission was opened by a sermon preached by the moderator fin 
John xviii. 36. 

The Rev. Mr. Johannes Light, a minister of the Reformed Dutch Chnn 
was desired to sit as correspondent. 

The affair of Mr. Bostwick's removal from Jamaica to New York, ^ 
brought before the commission by a letter from the elders and deacons of 1 
Presbyterian congregation in New York, representing their continued uffi 
imity for Mr. Bostwick, and that the reasons for his removal to them are vi 
much strengthened and increased by his labours among them the last wini 
which appeared more fully by their commissioners, who were sent for tl 
purpose. The moderator also reported to the commission, that he had ac 
dentally left at home, a letter he had received from Mr. Bostwick, represenli 
his low state of health, and fear that he could not attend the commission, J9 
in case he did not, that he would acquiesce in their judgment about his ren 
val to New York. 

The commission having read the papers containing a representation of 1 
state of the Presbyterian congregation at Jamaica, and their reasons agar 
Mr. Bostwick's removal. After much deliberate consideration of the imp< 
ant affair, and earnest prayer to God for direction in it, adjourned the furll 
consideration of it till to-morrow morning, at eight of the clock. 

Concluded with prayer. 

I3th day, at eight of the clock, A, M., the commission met. Post prt 
sederunt qui supra. 

The Rev. Mr. David Cowel, was desired to sit as correspondent. 
The affair of Mr. Bostwick's removal reassumed. The commission hav 
weighed the reasons for and against it with deep concern and great delib< 



SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 273 

considering the peculiar circumstances and great importance of New 
congregation, how long they have been destitute; how many fruitless 
pis have been made to resettle the gospel among them; the litUe hopes 
»r being so well united in any other person ; and especially the desirable 
>ect that appears of Mr. Bostwick's great usefulness in that place; cannot 
idge it to be his duty to remove ; and his pastoral relation to the church 
ongregation at Jamaica is dissolved for that purpose. But as the corn- 
on have a tender concern for the congregation of Jamaica, a great sense 
eir importance, and how their case calls for special regard, they desire 
ioderator, in his journey to Boston, to look out for a candidate to be sent 
g them, and appoint the said moderator to supply them one Sabbath on 
turn ; and Messrs. Simon Horton, Ebenezer Prime, and Benjamin Tal- 
, are appointed to supply at Jamaica the three Sabbaths immediately 
eding Mr. Bostwick*s departure, of which Mr. Bostwick is appointed to 
hem notice. And the Presbyteries of New York and Sufiblk are ordered 
e special care that they be constantly supplied till next Synod. The 
lission also considering, that the congregation of Jamaica will necessarily 
i to charge in obtaining a resettlement of the gospel ministry, do eam- 
recommend it to the Presbyterian church in New York, to exercise a 
tian generosity toward the people of Jamaica, that they may be better 
3d to settle another minister. 

• Beatty representing to the commission, that a motion had been lately 
to him by the government of Pennsylvania, to go out as chaplain witn 
forces upon the frontiers, desired that some provision might be made for 
ipply of his pulpit. The commission accordingly appointed Abington 
y tery to supply four Sabbaths ; the Presbytery ot New York three Sab- 
; the Presbytery of New Brunswick four Sabbaths; and the Presbytery 
w Castle five Sabbaths. Concluded with prayer. 

e appointments of last S3mod, for a day to be religiously observed as a 
f fasting and thanksgiving, was complied with. 

etter from the Synod of Philadelphia, in answer to one sent them from 
ynod the last year, was read, the further consideration of it was deferred 
next sederunt. [See page 221.] . 

on application made to this Synod, they agreed to allow the interest of 
oney under their direction for the propagation of the gospel among the 
IS, unto Mr. Brainerd a missionary to the Indians, in order to assist him 
oaring among them for this year. 

e order of the last Synod respecting a fund for ministers' widows and 
ns, came under consideration, but seeing no plans for that purpose have 
!en obtained, the Synod do defer any further proceedings in that affair 
i next meeting. 

lered. That the committee of overtures meet to-morrow morning at eight 
clock. 

oumed to nine of the clock, to-morrow morning, 
icluded with prayer. 

ciober 1st, at nine of the clock, A. 3f. Post preces setfenmt qui supra. 
lered. That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
3 New York Presbytery book was revised and approved. 
3 consideration of the letter from the Synod of Philadelphia deferred till 
xt sederunt, 

Caleb Smith* is come to the Synod, whose absence yesterday was oc- 
ed by sickness. 
aper was brought into the Synod from several persons belonging to the 



^4 MINUTES OF THE 

Presbyterian congre^tion of New York, setting forth some grieranees 
suppose themselves to labour under, &c. The Synod having heard saidp 
read, and what their commissioner offered to them, do refer it to Messrs. J^ 
Blair, Samuel Finly, Timothy Allen, and Caleb Smith, to draw up the ji 
ment of the Synod thereupon, and bring it in aa soon as they can. 

Adjourned to three of the clock, P. M. 

Concluded with prayer. 

Three of the dock^ P. M. Post preee$ sederuni ^ 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The Presbytery book of Abington was revised and approved. 

An affair was brought into the Synod by way of reierence from the 
by tery of New Brunswick, in relation to Mr. McCrea's accepting the calll 
the congregation of Bedminster and parts adjacent, with whom he hur 
boured for several years past, but last fall, liberated from them by his ~ 
bytery, by reason of some dissatisfactions in the congregation, the S] 
after having read divers papers and heard what all concerned had to offe 
the head, came to the following conclusion, that is to say, that inasmi 
by far the greatest part of the congregation are united in their 
his settlement with them, and it is likely to be for the hurt of the coi 
tion, as well as of Mr. McCrca and his family, if he should remove from 
the Synod judge that Mr. McCrea have liberty to accept of the call of : 
people if he see it fit. But in case Mr. McCrea shall accept the call of 
people, the Synod see no reason for the minor part of said congregatioa 
set off from the congregation and have supplies for themselves, or be lefu 
any part of the money they have expended in building their meeting-' 
aa they in their paper proposed to the Synod. 

Several supplications for supplies from vacancies in North and South CuV 
lina, and Bladensburg in Maryland, were read, the consideration of which wi| 
referred to the next sederunt. 

The Synod agree that an address be prepared and presented to Lord 
den, commander in chief of all his majesty^s forces in North Americait 
they do appoint Messrs. Aaron Burr, Elihu Spencer, David Bostwick, 
Caleb Smith, or some one of them, to prepare and present it in the qsntfj 
this Synod on the first proper opportunity. 

The Synod agreed to desire Mr. Burr to favour them with a copy of] 
sermon preached before them at the opening of their session, in order to 
it printed, they apprehending the publication of said sermon may be of 
service at this season. 

The committee appointed to draw up the judgment of the Synod on I 
affair of New York, brought in the same, which after much consideraiioo/ 
some amendments, was unanimously approved and is as follows : 

A paper was presented to tlie Synod signed by several members of the 
byterian congregation of New York, which the Synod observe contains insi 
and even threatening expressions, and insinuations of partiality and disi 
together with several demands proposed in a very disrespectful maaiicii]. 
with an air of contempt. As this conduct in professors of religion towiwj 
judicature of Jesus Christ is insufferably arrogant, presumptuous, and of/* 
tendency, and contrary to the commands of our Lord, who has ordered* ,, 
suffer no man to despise us acting properly in our own office, we judge it hm 
censurable. And though we might justly refuse to take any further noli**" 
what is offered in said paper, yet as we would condescend to the weikBtfl 
and as far-as can consist with duty, bear with the imperfections of those wjj 
are under our care, for the sake of their edification, we therefore inform WJ 
that by adopting the Westminster Confession, we only intend receiving il^ 



SYNOD OP NEW YORK. 275 

Httt of otihodoxy in this church; and it is the order of this Synod, that all 
Ko are licensed to preach the gospel, or become members of any Presbytery 
l^r bounds, shall receive the same as the confession of their faith, according 
Ntor constituting act, which we see no reason to repeal. 
That as to the singing of Dr. Watts's version of the Psalms, though the 
mduct of the congregation in their adhering to them, contrary to Synodical 
rpointment, without waiting for an opportunity to obtain a repeal of said ap- 
lintment, was not regular; yet as the said Psalms are orthodox, and no par- 
Mar version is of Divine authority, and that the using them is earnestly de- 
red by a great majority of said congregation, contrary to the view we had of 
t case the last year, the Synod, for tlie sake of their peace, do permit the 
fe of said version unto them: and determine that this judgment shall be final- 
pdecisive as to this affair. 

rrhat they, who obstinately refuse to pay their pew rents, are to be esteem- 
Nm not walking orderly, and do in fact forfeit their pews, nor is it an injury 
ine them by the congregation, if they are deprived of them. 
*Aa to reading in the desk, the Synod consider it as a mere indifferency in 
lelf ; and as Uie congregation has long used this practice, which is not con- 
fay to any Divine rule, or constitution of this church, there appears no ne- 
kpiity of altering it by authority. 

'The other particulars proposed in said paper, being already determined by 
H Synod in former sessions, we adhere to those determinations. 
Adjourned to eight of the clock to-morrow morning. 
'Concluded with prayer. 



i. . 



" %d day, at eight of the clock, A^ M. Post preces, sederunt qui supra. 

-Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Abiiigton Presbytery book was revised, and is approved. 

The letter from the Philadelphia Synod came under consideration, with 
appect to which the Synod came to the folio wing' agreement, viz. 
'That notwithstanding the Synod of Philadelphia have not given a satisfac- 
ij answer to the particulars contained in our letter, which were judged ne- 
indxy to be settled previous to an union; the Synod, from an earnest desire 
Tan hearty and lasting union, do comply with their proposal of a mutual con- 
tence, and accordingly appoint Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, William Tennent, 
^uon Burr, James Davenport, Richard Treat, Samuel Finly, John Blair, 
'ileb Smith, Ebenezer Prime, James Brown, to be a committee to meet with 
it commission of the Synod of Philadelphia, at Trenton, the second Wed- 
Md^ in May next, to fix upon a proper plan of union, to be laid before 
ich Synod at their next meeting. 

Application was made to the Synod by Mr. Beatty, desiring to know their 
liod with respect to his going chaplain to the forces that may be raised in the 
rovince of Pennsylvania, if he shdl, by the government, be called to that ser- 
Ece. The Synod do judge it to be his duty, and in that case do appoint their 
mral Presbyteries to provide supplies for Mr. Beatty's congregation, three 
sbbatha in four he shall be absent from them ; particularly the Presbytery of 
bington, three Sabbaths ; the Presbytery of New Brunswick, three Sabbaths ; 
le iScabytery of New York, three Sabbaths ; and the Presbytery of New 
laafle, three Sabbaths; and in case these shall not suffice, the said Presby- 
rriea shall provide further supplies in like proportion until his return. 

The Synod considering what assistance can be afforded by way of supply 
I die several vacancies to the southward that have applied to them, do ap- 
(nnt Mr. Dufiield and Mr. Ramsey to go this fall as socn as they can; and 
kewise Mr. Brainerd and Mr. Rogers before winter; Mr. Halt and Mr. 



-f^ MINOTES OF THE 

Whitaker in the spring* and to spend each four months in their joinvf) 
supply all those destitute congregations as much as they cao. 

Ordered, That certificates be given to Mr. Brainerd and Mr. Rogeit] 
Synod. 

Ordered, That Mr. Samuel Finly do sign proper certificates for H 
Whitaker, Hait, Dufficld, and Ramsey, in the name of the Synod. 

The Synod does appoint Mr. Blair to supply Mr. Ramsey*s pulpit 
Sabbaths in his absence. 

Mr. Brainerd reported that he had received of collections for New J 
College : 

Of Mr. Rogers, - - - - - J^S 11 

** Lawrence, - - - - - 5 

« Hunter, - - - - - 4 19 



Provincial currency, J6l8 11 

Which Mr. Brainerd is ordered to pay to the college treasurer. 

The Synod, under a sense of the present distressed and calamitous si 
the country, do agree that they will recommend to all their congregati 
unite m observing the last Thursday of October instant, as a day of] 
humiliation, fasting, and prayer. 

The Synod propose further to recommend to their congregations to 
part of the last Thursday of every month in extraordinary prayer, whi 
present mournful state of our public afiairs continues. 

And they do further most earnestly recommend it to all their memben 
sent and absent, to exert themselves in an extraordinary manner, in 
several spheres of influence, for a general and thorough reformation of 
crying abominations which seem most evidently to have kindled the an 
heaven against this land. 

And that they would, in their public performances, frequently explaii 
warmly press on their hearers the necessity of such a reformation in thif 

The Synod taking into serious consideration the dangerous situation 
public at this juncture, by means of a potent, prevailing, and cruel ei 
the divided state of these colonies; the abounding of profanity, luxur]^ 
delity, error, and ignorance; the evident suspension of spiritual infii 
from the Church, which is followed with an evident insensibility und 
judgments as well as ordinances of God; together with other awful aspi 
Divine Providence ; cannot but view them as plain demonstrations of h 
pleasure. We have been warned and chastised, first more gendy, then 
terribly ; but not returning to liim that smites us, his anger is not turned 
but his hand as stretched out still. Judgment yet proceeds, the prospi 
comes darker and darker, and all things respecting us, are loudly alai 
When God judges he will overcome ; none have ever hardened them 
against him and prospered. Nothing but impiety rouses his vengeanc 
nothing but repentance towards him, and faith towards our Lord Jesus i 
can turn it away. We have not so much as the least reason to expect d 
ance and safety in a way of impenitent sinning; for we are assured, 
walk contrary to our God, he will walk contrary to us, and will punish 
seven times more for our iniquity. And as we judge that extraordina 
tresses are calls to extraordinary humiliation and acts of devotion, so ^ 
on ourselves bound, not only as members of the community, but by tb 
of our office, as those who are entrusted with the declaration of Goi 
vealed will, to warn all who will attend unto us, and eamesdy exhort d 
prostrate themselves before his ofiended majesty, in the humblest mant 
deprecate his righteous displeasure; implore his mercy for themselvei 
ehildren, coantry, and nation, their and our rightful and gradom 8o% 



Ran 




SYNOD OP NEW YORK. 277 

George the Second, his royal family, all officers civil and military, and 

whc^e Church of God ; and solemnly endeavour sincere and thorough re- 

ition. For this purpose the Synod agree to recommend the last Thurs- 

Bof this instant, to be observed as a day of public fasting and prayer, in all 
eongregatioBS under eur care. We also recommend to all the members of 
body, that they exert themselves in promoting a reformation from thoee 
which have evidendy kindled the anger of heaven against this land ; and 
they would frequently urge the necessity of such a reformation in this 

Signed in the name of the Synod, 

Richard Trej^, Synod clerk. 

Synod order their clerk to transcribe out of the Synod book such of 

minutes as relate to the Presbyterian congregation m New York, and 

tliem to Mr. Burr as soon as may be, in or&r to be transmitted to* Scot* 

if need shall require. 

[Adjourned to the third Wednesday of May next, and then to meet at New 

^ ; when, for many reasons, the Synod desires that their meeting may be 

~ as possible; and, should the small-pox be in New York at mat time, 

'moderator is empowered to appoint it at any other place he shall judge 

Ty giving due notice. Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod met at Maidenhead, according to appointment. 

May 18M, 1757. Ubi past precea aedemnit 
of Suffolk Presbytery: Mr. Ebenezer Prime, 
listers of New York Presbytery: Messrs. Aaron Burr, David Bosft- 
Asariah Horton, Nathaniel Whitaker, Timothy Jones. 
Jiinittert of New Brunswick Presbytery : Messrs. William Tenneirtt Tho- 
Lewis, James McCrea, Charles McKnight, Samuel Kennedy, Israel 
Samuel Harker, Benjamin Hait 
Mittietefs of Abington Presbytery : Messrs. Richard Treat, Charles Beatty, 
iln Cheanutt, Henry Marten, Daniel Lawrence, Andrew Hunter, Wil- 
Rameey. 
Jiitiisters of New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. John Rodgers, Robert Smith, 
* Henry, James Finly, Samuel Finly, George Dufiield. 

: Jacob Ford, David Harriot, William Lynn, Stephen Pangbum, 

I^uew, Robert Aimer, John Charlesworth, Robert Evans, Joseph 

James Evans. 

[misters absent, Suffolk Presbytery : Messrs. Samuel Bewel, James Brown^ 

Sacket, Eliphalet Ball, Silvanus White, Benjamin Talmage, Abner 

fliUm York Presbytery: Messrs. John Pierson, Simon Horton, John Brain- 
Timothy Allen, John Smith, Jacob Green, Elihu Spencer, Daniel Thane, 
Richards, Enos Ayres^ Cliancey Graham, John Moffett, Jonathan El- 
Ungh Knox, John Maltby, Caleb Smith, Alexander Cununing. 
2^|Vew Brunswick Presbytery: Messrs. James Davenport, Job Prudden, 
^^■noHBS W^orts. 

Ik AJringloii Presbytery: Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, Nehemiah Greenman. 
^.New Castle Presbytery: Messrs. John Blair, Charles Tennent, Jasies 
IlkMbeB, John Roan, Andrew Bay, John Hogg, Andrew Stirling, Moses 
fewB* Jolm Harris, Hugh McAdams. 

riflfeaoTer Presbytery: Messrs. Samuel Davies, Alexander Craighead, Ro- 
hpfi Henry, John Brown, John Todd, John Wright. 
M j Hai rt eis in all, present and absent, seventy-three. 
i'yifc Bestniek was chosen moderator for the year ensoint^Kli^TtQiX^ue^ 
94 



37S MINUTES OF THB 

The small pox being in New York, the appointed place of this 
meeting, the moderator appointed the Synod to meet in this place p 
the powers committed to him by the last Synod. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last Synod be read. t 

Messrs. Read, Marker, Chesnut, Robert Smith, James Finly, and H 
Henry, gave the reasons of their absence the last Synod, which were 
tained. ui 

Messrs. John Pierson, Aaron Burr,Elihu Spencer, Ebenezer Prime, J 
Brown, William Tennent, James Davenport, Gilbert Tennent, Richard T 
Charles Tennent, Samuel Finly, John Rogers, and the moderator, aie 
pointed to be the commission of the Synod for the year ensuing. 

There being only one Presbytery book brought, the Synod made no 
pointment for the revising the same, but order that all of them be brought 
next meeting. 

Messrs. Beatty, Rogers, James Finly, and the moderator, are appointed 
be a committee of overtures, and for any other business tlie Synod shall 
commend unto them. 

Such members as have complied with the Synod^s order for getting coUeot 
lions for the college, are ordered to pay the same to the president. 

The order of the last Synod respecting the getting of proper receipts or or; 
tificates from the president of New Jersey college, for money deposited ia-|bl 
treasury of said college under the direction of this Synod, not being fulfiljedi 
the Synod appoint Mr. William Tennent to do the same and have itrei4| 
against the next meeting. ^ 

The committee appointed to meet for the examination of such candidaieiJ| 
should offer themselves, to share in such money as the Synod hath to dispptt 
of for the education of sound, pious, and promising students, at the colleg«ir| 
New Jersey, do make report, that they met and having laid before the SyiM|i 
the minutes of their proceedings, they are approved and ordered to be il|: 
corded as follows : , , 

" Princeton, November 23, 1756* ? 

The committee of the Synod of New York met, according to appointnetf^ 
and opened by prayer. ' 

Present: Messrs. President Burr, William Tennent, Richard Treat, Jamci 
Davenport, Charles McKnight, Benjamin Hait. 

Mr. Tennent moderator, Mr. Treat clerk. 

The committee proceeded to the business assigned them by the Synod.  

John Strain and John Carmikie offered themselves for examination as eiB^ 
didates to receive assistance from the fund designed for the support of floek 
pious youths as are of Calvinistic principles and are unable to support theit 
selves, at the college of New Jersey. The committee, upon particular rf 
amination, concluded they were persons of such character as were to be en- 
couraged and assisted, and therefore agreed to allow unto John Strain thesoA 
of twenty-four pounds, to John Carmikie the sum of twelve pounds, for tUi 
year. Concluded with prayer." 

The Synod do appoint the aforesaid committee to stand for this year abo* 
and to meet at Princeton the last Wednesday of July next for the same 
purpose. 

The Synod do agree to allow Mr. Brainerd, a missionary to the IndiavBi 
the interest of the money under their direction for the propagation of the gj^lr 
pel among the Indians for the next year, in case the correspondents shall eait 
tinue him in the mission. 

The aifair of getting a fund for the support of ministers' widows and orphans, 
referred to this Synod, came under consideration, but for want of proper plam 




SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 279 

Mold not proceed in it, and do appoint Messrs. Boatwick, Green, Jones, 
and Caleb Smith, to prepare a plan to be laid before the next 





The order of the last Synod, for an address to be presented to Lord Low- 
i for want of a proper opportunity, was not complied with. 
The appointments to the southward for supplies were not fulfilled, and upon 
per inquiry the reasons offered for the omission were sustained. And in 
to supply said southward vacancies, the Synod does appoint Mr. Hait 
e a journey thither as soon as his affairs will permit, and spend four 
ths among them. The Synod does also recommend it to the Presbytery 
New Casde to send another. The Synod also appoints the Presbytery of 
orer to send one with Mr. Hait when he shall come to them. They do 
point Mr. Samuel Finly to give them certificates in the name of the 



Hie committee of overtures appointed to meet at nine of the clock, to-morrow 
linff. 
V,*' The Synod adjourned to half an hour after nine. Concluded with prayer. 

I9th day 9 half after nine of the clock, A, M. Post precea sederunt qui 
^>^"^'" ftfpra. 

y\?t)rdercd, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

V.The committee appointed to meet with the commission of the Synod of 
- jPlllladelphia to confer about the union, do make report, that they met accord- 
r to appointment; that they found the commissioners of the Philadelphia 
^ hod well disposed towards an union ; that they declared for themselves, 
X V^ doubted not but their Synod would also readily declare, that they do not 
^ 'ftpk upon the protest as the act of their body nor adopt it as such, and that 
J ttm appeared also to be an agreement on both sides concerning the nature 
Siid right of protesting, and other things formerly proposed as necessary to an 
f Union. And it was further agreed on by the commissioners on both sides, 
:: tiuu they would propose to their respective Synods, to have their next meeting 
^ M the same time and place, in order to unite, in case matters shall appear at 

that time ripe for it. 
' '- The Synod taking into consideration the report of their committee, are 
pleased to find so desirable a prospect of an union, and do agree that their next 
meeting be in Philadelphia at the time of the meeting of the Synod of Phila- 
delphia, and propose that the commission of each Synod meet at Philadelphia 
i on the Monday next before the said meeting, at ten of. the clock, in order to 
^ prepare matters for both Synods and their happy union. And they do ap- 
F vomit that this agreement and proposal be communicated to the Synod of 
Niiladelphia for their concurrence. 

The Synod does also appoint Messrs. Samuel and James Finly, John Blair, 
Bohert Smith, and John Rogers, to prepare a plan as the ground of tlie afore- 
■dd anion, and bring it into the commission at their meeting. 

An affair was overtured to the Synod by the committee of overtures, setting 
forth that some members of the congregation of Bcdminster, under the minis- 
terial charge of Mr. McCrea, requested the Synod to re-hear their case which 
W9a determined at their last meeting, alleging in support of their request, that 
, flicy did not offer what they might have done at the time of trial, and specially 
with respect to Mr. McCrea, and which they suppose, if it had been done and 
(^ODBidered by the Synod, might have given them another view of things, and 
produced a different judgment in said affair. 

The Synod, upon consideration of the affair, and what was at this time laid 
before them, do judge, that there is not sufficient reason offered them to re-hear 



fgf^ mNuna op the 



0806, ntt doM the Bynod mifpoae said people kave tuff eient 
complain of tl»e former judgments of Piesbytery and Sjiiod» as imwiil 
them, seeing they only were in fault in not giving all the light they si 
when it wbs the proper season for it, and they w«re by no means on thii 
of the Synod prevented thereof; nevertheless, as the Synod would not ttagi 
liie mistakes or omissions of any people against ihem, they leka said f$ 
to their own Presbytery to judge their cause, and to right ifaem if ^y 
them injured by any former judgment, and in particular to hear and j«d( 
such articles as they have to exhibit against Mr. McCrea., in <»se he be 
sonably notified of them, and to grant them supplies of preaching, if n{ 
application be made, and the Presbytery judge it to be proper. 

The Synod oonsideiing the present posture of public afiairs, do judge 
loudly call for humiliation and prayer, and do, therefore, recommend i 
their members and congregations, to keep the fourth Thursday of June 
IB a day of humiliation, fasting, and prayer. 

Application having been made to the Synod, by a commissioner j&ei 
congregation of Newark, for some supplies in their destitute conditisB 
Synod does appoint Mr. Treat to supply them three Sabbaths in June, ai 
much more as he can. 

The Synod does appoint the Presbytery of New York to supply Mr. B 
congregation five Sabbaths, in case he fulfils his appointment to the a 
ward« 

Adjourned to the fourth Thursday of May next, to meet at Philadel|>l 
ten of the clock. Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod met according to appointment. 

Philadelphia, May the 2hth^ 1758. Vbi post nrecea sederw 

Ministers: Messrs. David Bostwick, Azariah Horton, Nathaniel Whit 
Daniel Thane, Aaron Richards, Caleb Smith, Abraham Kettletaa, Wi 
Teiment, Thomas Lewis, Charles McKnight, Samuel Kennedy, Benj 
Halt, Gilbert Tennent, Richard Treat, Charles Beatty, Benjamin Che 
Henry Marten, Daniel Lawrence, Andrew Hunter, Nehemiah Green 
William Ramsay, John Rogers, Robert Smith, Samuel Finly, James f 
George Duffield, John Blair, Charles Tennent, John Roan, Moses T 
John Harris, Samuel Davies. — 32. 

Elders: Messrs. Nathaniel Silsby, Job Brown, David Rhea, Robert N 
William Norcross, Joshua Thomas, Jonathan Holmes, Henry Pieison, 
mas Brown, John Vandyke, Thomas Flemins, James Evans, James Coc! 
William McCrea, William Craighead, Hugh Hamilton, Brice Ricky, Fr 
Alexander. — 13. 

Ministers absent: Messrs. Ebenezer Prime, Samuel Bewel, James Br 
Samuel Sacket, Eliphalet Ball, Silvanus White, Benjamin Talmage, I 
Reeves, 'Timothy Jones, John Pierson, Simon Horton, John Brainerd, 1 
thy Allen, John Smith, Jacob Green, Elihu Spencer, Enos Ayres, Cha 
Graham, John Mofiet, Jonathan Elmore, Hugh Knox, John Maltbie, j 
ander Cummins, James McCrea, Israel Read, Samuel Harker, Job Pni< 
Gonradus Worts, Hugh Henry, James Campbel, Andrew Bay, John I: 
Andrew Sterling, Hugh McAdam, Alexanaer Craighead, Kobert U( 
James Brown, John Todd, John Wright, John Marten. — 40 absent, 82 
sent, in all 72. 

The Synod was opened by a sermon on 2 Cor. iv. 5, by Mr. Host 
the last yearns moderator. 

Mr. Davies was chosen moderator, Mr. Rogers derk. 

Adjourned to ihree of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 



SYNOD OF NEW TORK. 281 

' Three of the ehek, P. M. Post preces, sederunt qui supra. 

^ Messrs. Samuel Kennedy and James Finly are now come, with their elders, 

IMbs Rickey and Francis Alexander. 

■Ordered, 'lliat the minutes of the last sederunt he read. 

thdered, That the minutes of the last Synod be read. 

^Messrs. Thane, Caleb Smith, Richards, Gilbert Tennent, Greenman, Blair, 

Riarles Tennent, Roan, Tuttle, Harris, and the moderator, gave reasons for 

leir absence the last Synod, which were sustained. 

^M r. Pierson sent reasons for his present absence, which are sustained. 

t^The Rev. Aaron Burr and James Davenport are removed by death since our 

«t Synod. 

^Mr. James Campbell is removed out of the bounds of our Synod, since the 

it meeting. 

-"Messrs. John Pierson, Azariah Horton, David Bostwick, Caleb Smith, 

Tteaczer Prime, James Brown, William Tennent, Charles McKnight, TTio- 

lis Lewis, Gilbert Tennent, Richard Treat, Charles Beatly, Charles Ten- 

hl, Samuel Finly, John Blair, John Rogers, John Todd, and the modera- 

ki are appointed a commission of the Synod for the year ensuing. 

Inasmuch as the moderator lives at so great a distance, and cannot call the 
jnmission for the ensuing year, should there he need for it, Mr. Gilbert 
Vmient is appointed as moderator for this purpose. 

Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, William Tennent, Samuel Finly, John Blair, 
Bdiard Treat, and the moderator, arc appointed a committee of overtures, to 
leet at eight of the clock to-morrow morning. 

The Presbytery books of New York, New Castle, and New' Brunswick, 
le brought. Messrs. Caleb Smith and Horton are appointed to revise the 
tebytery book of New Brunswick; Messrs. Robert Smith and Roan to re- 
be that of New York ; and Messrs. Bostwick and Halt that of New Castlei 

The order of the last Synod, respecting the money under the direction of 

P Synod, in the treasury of New Jersey College, not being complied with* 
said order continued. 
"^The Synod does moreover appoint Messrs. Samuel Kennedy, Benjamin 
bit, and Abraham Kettletas, or any two of them, to be a committee to meet 
itfa the committee of the trustees of the college, to settle the accounts of the 
Kmey which is in their treasury, at the direction of this Synod, and make 
mOTt thereof at our next meeting. 

'The Synod does also appoint that the receipts for said money to be taken 
I their, name and behalf, be given to the gentlemen above mentioned, and 
Mt the time of their meeting be at the examination at Nassau Hall, the last 
Wednesday of July. 

'Hie committee appointed by the last Synod for the examining the subjects 
at offer for the donations at the direction of this Synod, make report that 
^ met, according to appointment. The minutes of their doings are as 
iDo^s: 

''Princeton, July 29, 1757. 

** The committee appointed by the Synod for the examination of candidates 
ir the fund designed for the support of pious youth at the New Jersey Col* 
m, met according to appointment Present, Messrs. Aaron Burr, William 
Vnnent, and Richard Treat. 

** The committee having received satisfaction as to the piety of Cur- 

0e and James Jjeslie, and the desirable prospect of their usefulness, conclude 
I allow, out of said fund, to Curtise, ten pounds ten shillings, and to Leslie, 
lirteen pounds, which the president is ordei^d to pay them, and charge the 
ime to account of said fund. 
24* 



fg3 mtvuTDB iOF mn 

** Mr. William Tennent is appointed to inqaire wfaetfier teid sunn 
been paid, and if not, to draw on the treaeurer for Utem. ':<i 

•« Ordered, That Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, William Tennent, RiiMl 
Treat, Caleb Smith, Alexander Cummins, Clurles McKnight, and BagiriHi 
Hait, be a committee for examining such youth as may offer themaekeili 
Ihe benefit of the above donation, and dispose the same for one year to sod^ 
«id in suchproportions as they sha^ judge best and meet, at the time of afr 
amination above mentioned.** 

Upon application made, the SyiKxi agree to allow Mr* WilHam TenM 
twenty pounds out of the Indian fund for payment of a schoolmasttr i 
^em, and other contingent expenses relating to the school. 

The committee appointed for drawing up a plan for the widows' (mk 
have not complied therewith ; their reasons were sustained. This affair " 
ther deferred. 

Mr. Hait has not complied with the appointment of our last, in going lo-il 
southward; his reasons are sustained. :jft 

The Presbytery of New Castle have not complied with the appointmeiMp 
sending one of their number to the southward colonies; their reasons are M^ 
tained. '") 

Adjourned to nine of the dock to-morrow morning. « ^ 

Concluded with prayer. 

96/A {iay, at nine of the cloek, A. M, Post preeee sederunt -qui nffi 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. ."f^ 

The Brunswick Presbytery book revised, brought in, and approved. 

Ordered, That the remainder of the last SynodTs minutes be read. 

The appointment of a day of fasting and prayer by our last 63mod wasedttj* 
plied with. 

David Rhea, Mr. William Tennent's elder, has leave to go home. 

The committee appointed by the last Synod, for preparing a planof xnMit 
follilled said appointment; which plan was brought into the commissionff 
this Synod according to order, read, and considered. A mutual and fnetim 
conference between the commission of both Synods was held, in which acw 
mittee of both commissions was agreed upon, and appointed to meet and pie- 
pare a plan, to be laid before both Synods, which being done, was brooj^t 
mto this Synod and read. 

While the said plan was under consideration, a message was sent from die 
Synod of Philadelphia, by the Rev. Mr. McDowell, desiring the aforeMti 
committee might be appointed to meet again, to confer about any alterajiolw 
&at may be proposed by either Synod, in the plan aforesaid, which motiop 
was readily complied with, and the Rev. Messrs. Samuel Finly, John BWTi 
David Bostwick, and the moderator, who were the committee of the comnA* 
•ion aforesaid, were appointed for this purpose. 

Adjourned to three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

TTiree of the clock, P, M, Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The New Castle Presbytery book revised, brought in, and approved. 

The New York Presbytery book revised, brought in, and approved* ax- 
eept a paragraph in page 149, in which the Synod has not light to deter 
mine. I 

Application having been made to Mr. Beatty, by Colonel Armstrongt > 
serve as chaplain to the first battalion of the Pennsylvania provincials for ta 
ensuing campaign, he requested the advice and judgment of this Synod, wiji 



BYJVX) or MEW TOK. 88S 

ijpeet to hi» 'dn^ 'Aeiein. The Synod do unanimoinLy agrae tlial tft is hw 

ity to g&. 

i-vr. Caleb Smithy and his elder, had leave to go home. 

lAdjoumed -tonine of the clock (to-morrow rooming. 

Oondttded wilh pva^r. 



27 th daUf at nine of the clock, A. M, Post preces^ tedermU ftn 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Thomas Slemins, Mr. Robert Smith's elder, has leave to go home. As, 
lAwise, hat William McOrea, Mr. Charles Tennent's elder. 

A petition was bioaght in, from the Socie^ for managing the Indian Mis- 
on m Virginia, requesting that the interest of the money under the direction 
'this Synod, for the propagating the gospel among the Indians, may be 
lowed them for one year. The Synod, though sincerely disposed to do 
$try thing in their power to favour that pious mission, yet as the interest cf 
At money is already disposed of, they cannot comply with the aforesaid fe- 
msu 

A snpplioation was brought in from Itico, Enno, and the Haw fields in Nt>rth 
arolina, for supplies, and for a candidate to be sent among them in order lor 
(ttlement. 

As several of our members are to be absent from their respective congrega- 
ons this summer, on public affairs, which this Synod approve of, the Synod 
10k into consideration how to supply said congregations. And for supplies 
vr Mr. Beatty's congregation, the Synod does appoint Mr. Thane the la#t 
abbath in June, and the first in July ; Mr. Lawrence the second and third 
abbaths of July ; Mr. Hunter the last in July and first in August; Mr. Rogers 
M- third and fourth Sabbaths in August; Mr. Ramsey the second, third, and 
mrth Sabbaths of September; Mr. Thane the first and second Sabbaths of 
October ; that Mr. Marten and Mr. Chesnutt each supply two Sabbaths at iht 
mes wherein none is provided. 

-The Synod does also appoint Mr. Greenman to supply one Sabbath for 
fr. Hunter, and another for Mr. Ramsey, during their supplying for Mr. 
batty. 

The Synod does appoint the Presbytery of New York to supply Newark 
10 whole of the time during Mr. Braineras absence from them. 

And in case Mr. Spencer shall go out as chaplain with the New York 
iTDea, the Synod appoints Mr. Simon Hortoii to supply Jamaica congrega- 
im thiee Sabbaths, and Mr. John Smith two Sabbadis, and that the Presl^- 
mr of Suffolk supply seven*eighths of the remaining time of his absence. 
:7lliat since Mr. Cideb Smith is to be absent from his congregation three- 
jfiurthfi of his time for this summer, in the service of the College of New Jer- 
9yt the Synod does appoint the Presbytery of New Brunswick to assist to 
leir utmost in supplying his congre^tion. 

Adjouroed to ten of the clock on Monday morning. 

Concluded with prsyer. 

29/A day, at ten of the clock, A. M. Post preces, sederunt ^ui si^ra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt oe read. 

The Synod appoints the Presbytery of New Brunswick to send a candidate 
) Itico, Enno, and the Haw fields, if possible, before the next Synod. 

It is ^»o eamesdy recommended to the Presbytery of Suffolk, to send Mr. 
tosh to those important vacancies as soon as possible ; and Mr. Bostwiok is 
ppointed to inform them of the same. 

Upon application made by two members of the Society in Virginia for 
lunging me Indian Mission, setting forth the desirableness and advanta^^ of 



284 MINUTES OF THE STNOO OF NEW TORE. 

a correspondence between this Synod and siid socienr. Mr. Gilbert Teimn 
is appoinU'd on the pan of this Synod, to correffpond with the secretary < 
said socie;y in cafe there shall be occasion for iu 

A reference was brought into the Synod from the New Brans wick Pretb] 
tery . respecting Mr. Samael Marker, one of their member?, as having ii 
bibed and rented certain erroneous doctrines; the fonher consideration of ill 
affair deferred till the next stderunt* 

Adjourned to three of the clock, P. M. Concloded with prayer. 

T^ree of tht clocks P- M. Pott precet^ itdenmt gui supra*, 

Ordered. That the minutes of tlie last ttieruni be read. 

The affdir of Mr llarker reassumed. The SvzxnI. aiier serious confide 

tion had. do agree thau injsmuch as Mr. Uarker is absent they cannot pi 

oeed to a regular deiermination of said aff&ir. and do therefore appoint Mess 

Giiben TenDent. Richard Treat. Samuel Finly. and John Bjut, to deal wi 

him as they shall hare opponunity. in su'.'h manner as shall appear to the 

best adapted for his conviciion : and refer the further determination to tbe a\ 

Synod if there shall be need ; and in the mean time, ue Synod docs req^ 

mend it to :he Presbyter}* of New Brunswick to take such measures as4| 

shall judje >>e?t to preveni the spread and hunful infincnce of those cmflU 

The Syn-'>d harmg seriously and maiurely considered the plan of imioafl 

before t'tjem bv their commission, as before meniioDed, wi'ii all the aliex 

m 

and amend meats proposed on either side, do luasimoosly approve of it^J 
agree \o ii, as a plan of union between the two Synods, and do jadge ill 
their duiy to unite wiih the S}-nod of Philadelphia upon the same. Andj 
Synod havi^ig a messasre brfiUfht them from the Synod of Philadeli 
forming of tlieir approbation of. and agreement with, the aforesaid pMaii,! 
desire of union upon the same, desiring iha: tbe time and place of meef 
one bf»dv mav be agreed u;ion. which was dti&c the last ^denint^ viz. atj 
of the ciitck this afiemoon. in this house. And the time appointed for 
meeting being come, an J all ouier business beinf nnished, tins Synod, ui[ 
der to irie uni''*n afiiresiid. aiijoumed. tine dU. Concluded with prayer, .j 



Thx prr?'?-lng minsie?. embracing ihe correspondence between the 
of Phil joeij'riia and New York, preparaiorj- to their union, after a sej 
of so m«Tiy yeiirs. viil serve to show uiai the respective parties, whils 
miieriaiiy differed on some fioints, important to the pnhty and tmityoti 
Clnirch. were agreed in their donrinal sentiments, and in the cordial 
of the Wesiminsier Confession and Catechisms. When, therefore, timel 
allaveJ iheL- excited feelinr. and calm rrdecuon led ihcm to see their 
and tL» p-opo«e mfasures for a re-union, ii was comparatively easy IQ 
the prt-hii^insir}* terms, as no difference in docu'ine iniervened to defeilil 
arrukgrmcni. 

T:u« unit^n was happily effected in the year 175S. upon the basii ^^ 
may hi fi»und on record at the ir ni^t mef ung as s united body. The ityM 
the K>dy fn^m thM pcni^d until ihr orcaniraiion of the General Anew 
was •• '1 hf S}-nod of New Yoik and Philadelphia." the minutes of tAl* 
hMlT foiK>«. 



985 



p' 



PART FOURTH. 

MINirrES OF THE SYNOD OF NEW YORK AND PHILADELPHM. 
'' FROM A. -D. 1758 to 1788. 

ut PkOad^Ma, Mm/ 82if, 1756. 

^Tlie cotnmissionfl of the Synods of Philadelphia and New York met, ac- 
tfding to an agreement of both Synods the year before, and prepared a jjlaa 
fVitlimi to be offered to the consideration of each Synod, which was done4>n 
Phtiinday following, May 25th. 

^ JUier the plan had been considered and approved in both "Synods severaDy, 
itSi Synod notified this to the other, upon which, May 29, P. M. they met 
HMier, and chose Mr. Gilbert Tennent moderator, Mr. McDowell clefk. 
Hk Bvnod was then constituted with prayer. 

^'Ministers present: Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, moderator, Darid BostwiclCy 
ttUbam Ketdetas, Aaron Richards, Nathanid Whitaker, Azariah Hortoa, 
RlRnan Tennent, Samuel Kennedy, Thomas Lewis, Benjamin Hait, Charles 
tonight, David Cowel, Charles Beatty, Richard Treat, Henry Martin, Ro- 
i^ Cross, Francis Alison, Benjamin C;hesnut, Andrew Hunter, N^hemiah 
liliemnan, William Ramsey, Daniel Lawrence, John Harris, Moses Tutdet 
Hm Miller, John Rogers, Hector Alison, Daniel Thane, Charles Tennent» 
VOliam McKennan, Samuel Finly, James Finly," Sampson Smith, John 
Hair, Adam Boyd, Robert Smith, Joseph Tate, John Roan, George Duffieldt 
^ohn Steel, Samuel Davies, Alexander McDowell.* 

Ministers absent: Messrs. Ebenezer Prime, Samuel Bewel, James Brown. 
Ifmiiel Sacket, Eliphalet Ball, Silvanus White, Benjamin Talmage, Abner 
Iteves, Timothy Jones^, John Pierson, Simon Horton, John Brainard, Timo- 
Bf ADen, John Smith, Jacob Green, Elihu Spencer, £nos Ayres, Chancy 
Mham, John Mofiet, Jonathan Elmore, Hugh Knox, John Darby« Jolui 
IfaUby, Alexander Cummins, James McCrea, Israel Read, Job Prudden. 
fjdandus Worts, Hugh Henry, Andrew Bay, John Hogg, John WrighW 
kadrew Sterling, Hugh McAdam, Caleb Smiih, Alexander Craighead, Robert 
unry, John Brown, John Todd, John Martin, Samuel Black, Richard San- 

S, John Elder, John Craig, Alexander Miller, Samuel Thomson, R<tert 
Hordie, Georre Gillespie, Mathew Wilson, John GuUd, John Kihkead* 
ttemnder Hutchmson. 

The plan of union agreed upon between the Synods of New York and 

Philadelphia, at their meeting at Philadelphia, May 29lh, 1758. 

lie Synods of New York and Philad^phia, taking into serious considera- 

on the present divided state of the Presbyterian churcn in this land, and being 

beply Sensible, that the division of the church tends to weaken its interests^ 

* There were ibnrteen Elden present at this meetiDg, hot the manuscript is so mati- 
ledthit onlf llieir first names appear. 



386 MINUTES OF TJEIE SYNOD OT 

to dishonour religion, and consequently its glorious author; to render gofi 
ment and discipline ineffectual, and finally to dissolve its very frame; 
being desirous to pursue such measures as may most tend to the glory of ( 
and me establishment and edification of his people, do judge it to be our io 
pensable duty to study the things that make for peace, and to endeavotti 
nealing of that breach which has for some time subsisted amongst us, thi 
its hurtful consequences may not extend to posterity ; that all occasion of 
proach upon our society may be removed, and that we may carry on the g 
designs of religion to better advantage than we can do in a divided state; 
since both Synods continue to profess the same principles of i'aith, and adl 
to the same form of worship, government, and discipline, there is the gre 
reason to endeavour the compromising those differences, which were agil 
many years ago with too great warmth and animosity, and unite in one be 
For which end, and that no jealousies or grounds of alienation mvf 
main, and also to prevent future breaches of like nature, we agree to unite 
do unite in one body, under the name of the Synod of New York and Pi 
delphia, on the following plan. 

I. Both Synods having always approved and received the Westminster C 
fession of Faith, and Larger and Shorter Catechisms, as an orthodox and 
cellent system of Christian doctrine, founded on the word of God, we do 
receive the same as the confession of our faith, and also adhere to the pli 
worship, government, and discipline, contained in the Westminster Dired 
strictly enjoining it on all our members and probationers for the ministry, 
they preach and teach according to the form of sound words in said Cos 
sion and Catechisms, and avoid and oppose all errors contrary thereto. 

II. That when any matter is determined by a major vote, every meo 
shall either actively concur with, or passively submit to such determinat 
or, if his conscience permit him to do neither, he shall, after sufficient lib 
modestly to reason and remonstrate, peaceably withdraw from our commuD 
without attempting to make any schism. Provided always, that this shal 
understood to extend only to such determinations as ibe body shall judge ii 
pensable in doctrine or Presbyterian government. 

ni. That any member or members, for the exoneration of his or their 
science before God, have a right to protest against any act or procedn 
our highest judicature, because there is no further appeal to another fo 
dress; and to require that such protestation be recorded in tlieir mini 
And as such a protest is a solemn appeal from the bar of said judicature 
member is liable to prosecution on the account of his protesting. Prov 
always, that it shall be deemed irregular and unlawful, to enter a protests 
against any me