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Full text of "Pennsylvania grange news"

Title: Pennsylvania grange news, v.32 

Place of Publication: Chambersburg, Pa. 

Copyright Date: 1935/1936 

Master Negative Storage Number: MNS# PSt SNPaAg092.6 



Volum 

19 











36 



Lr BRARY 
U S DEPT 




■ % 




Bntered as second-olasg matter at the Post Office at Harrlsburg, Pa., under AOL of Ckmtrresa of March 8, 1879 



VOL. XXXII 



HARRISBURG, PA., APRIL, 1935 



No. 1 



Lecturers^ Short Course 

State College y April 17-19 

Pennsylvania State Grange and State Col- 
lege Cooperate. Program Appears 

on Page Nine 



Announcement is made by the Wor- 
thy Lecturer of the State Grange, Mrs. 
Ira C. Gross, on page seven of this is- 
sue, of the coming Conference of 
Grange Lecturers at State College on 
April 17th to 19th, inclusive. The 
conference is sponsored by the Penn- 
sylvania State Grange, with the coop- 
eration of Pennsylvania State College 
Scliool of Agriculture, and indications 
are for a large attendance of Lecturers 
and Grange workers at this Confer- 
ence. 

As in former years, the Conference 
will be held during the vacation period 
preceding Easter. The Conference 
usually convened for its first session 
on the Thursday afternoon and closed 
at Saturday noon preceding Easter. 
But owing to the fact that the State 
College Easter vacation begins at Wed- 
nesday noon, April 17th, the Confer- 
ence will begin on the evening of 
April 17th, continuing through Thurs- 
day and Friday, April 18th and 19th, 
and closing with the banquet Friday 
evening, April 19th. 

Coming, as it will, at the conclusion 
of the series of Regional Conferences 
»liich the State Master and State 
WK'turer have been conducting, this 
Conference at State College should 
^ni up the Lecturer's plans and proj- 
®^s and should serve to visualize the 
wide scope of the field of leadership 
open to the Grange Lecturer. 

There is nothing more inspirational 
or more helpful for new Lecturers than 
^ attend a Short Course of this sort. 
Jjficturers who have been in service for 
'onger terms testify to the value of the 
Conference by returning, year after 
year. For this reason, all Lecturers 
are urged to make a special effort to 
attend this Conference. It is gratify- 
[J? to note that wherever the Regional 
conferences are held, plans are being 
made by Pomona Granges and Subor- 

•^ate Granges to finance the attend- 
JJ^e of the Lecturers. This is fine, 

"^ IS an investment that will repay 



I theG 



range many times over. 

witV^ u ^^^ ^^^^* Course is planned 
in the particular needs of the Lec- 
er m view, it is hoped that not only 

tTon"'"^-?' ^"* ""^^^"^ officers and Pa- 
theP /^ register and participate in 
^j '"Onference. Every Grange mem- 
on I?" ^^oroughly enjoy every item 
yne program. 

tire r^"^i^^ of transportation, the en- 
^onference should not cost more 



than six dollars. This will include 
registration fee of one dollar, three 
nights' lodging (in some cases where 
the distance is not too great to drive 
home on Friday night this need be 
only two), meals for the two whole 
days and a banquet. 

Before this time every Lecturer has 
received several registration blanks 
and a copy of the program. Please 
register early so that the placing of 
delegates may be speeded and the last 
minute rush will be avoided. Every 
one who attends the Conference and 
participates in all the good things that 
will be offered is expected to contribute 
the registration fee of one dollar, be- 
cause this is the only source of financ- 
ing the Conference. 

The entire program appears in this 
issue. There may be some last minute 
changes, but it is hoped that the main 
items will stand as published. 



SPRING 

Easter time my friends is Spring- 
time — 
And thereby hangs a rhyme 
For open wide our doors we fling 
To greet the coming of the Spring. 

The golden morning sun 
Kisses up the fragrant dew 
From off the early flowers 
Just a peeping through. 

The pussywillow first is here 

Then Mr. Robin-red-breast, and the 

Blue birds appear 
In song they greet us with happiness 

and cheer 
They too are glad that Spring is here. 

Then we behold the yellow daffodils 
Vying with the violets blue on yonder 

hills 
While the mountain honeysuckle and 

wild rose 
Are a mass perfection of pink fragrant 

blows. 

So the farmer's wife her hens do set 
And the farmer his harrow and plow 

do get 
There is seeds to buy and the garden 

to plow 
Spring is here! So I'll make my bow. 
Adieu, to you. 

(A Farmer's Wife.) 



THE STATE GRANGE 

OPPOSES DIVERSION OF 
MOTOR LICENSE MONEY 

On the question of the gasoline tax, 
the State Grange has always held that 
this tax should be used for highway 
purposes alone. State Grange has al- 
ways favored the gasoline tax because 
it is equitable, and readily and eco- 
nomically collected. However, the or- 
ganization is opposed to any and all 
efforts to divert any part of the motor 
license and gasoline tax fund from 
the highway fund for any purpose 
whatsoever except maintenance and 
construction of highways and roads. 

As property owners, we pay special 
taxes for schools, roads, water, electric 
and other service, and we would ob- 
ject vigorously to the use of such tax 
money for highways or streets or any 
other purpose that might impair the 
services for which we pay. There is 
no more reason why motor taxes, paid 
in good faith for highway construc- 
tion and maintenance should be used 
for schools, doles or other government 
functions. Besides, diverting any part 
of the gasoline tax for general govern- 
ment costs places an excessive burden 
on one class of citizens while such ex- 
penses should be carried by the gen- 
eral public. 

(Conchidrd on page Jf.) 




EBB 



Deoree Team or Hydetown Grange No. 1239, Crawford County 




TIGHT BINDING 



Page 2 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1935 



M W ■■ ■ ■■ M ■■ ■ ■ — 




GE Automobile Insurance 



LOW COST 



NATION WIDE CLAIM SERVICE 

Patrons Save 35% to 60 % from Prices charged by Commercial Companies 

Liability, Property Damage, Collision, Fire, Theft and /or Tornado 

Best's Rating Bureau Gives Your Company Their Highest Rating of 

J\-\- EXCELLENT /\-j- 



FULL STANDARD POLICIES 



Agents Wanted 

Desirable Territory 
Open 



OVER 20,000 PATRONS INSURED 

m€s! I do believe in sound protection, desire to materially reduce the cost of automobile 
insurance and wish to boost a Grange project. 

fVithout any tbli^ation you may quote the premium to insure my car. 



Name of Vehicle 
Type of Bodjr 


Model Serlet 
Year Built 


No. 
Cyl. 


Month and Year 
Purchased ai new 


Tjrpe of Vehicle 
Pleate Check 










1 1 PriTate Pattencer \_\ Farm Truck 

1 Commercial Tnirk-Tonnaft> I7w> 







My automobile is principally garaged and used in Township of 

and County of My present policy expires 

I am a member of Grange No 

Name Occupation 

Mail Address „ _ 

Street or RPD Town or City Sttte 



Grange 



R. D. No. I 



ADAMS COUNTY 

Edfar W. Weaner. Gettysburt 

ARMSTRONG COUNTY 

Carl M. Marahall, Dayton 
Fred J. Runyan, Kittannin^ 
James E. Farster, Kittanning, 

BEAVER COUNTY 

Armour R. Mullan, Rochester 

BEDFORD and BLAIR COUNTIES 

V. Roas Nicodemus, Martinsburg 

BERKS COUNTY 

Calvin R. Bagenatose, Mohravtlle 

BRADFORD COUNTY 

Joab K. Mahood, Columbia Cross Roadt 
H. J. Gangloff, New Albany 
W. J. Newell. Wellsburg, N. Y. 
Leroy Race, Wyaluslng 

BUCKS COUNTY 

Harry N. C. Chubb, Doylestewn 

BUTLER COUNTY 

Dwight Cruickshank, Valencia 

CAMBRIA COUNTY 

Stanton J. Evans, Ebensburg, R. O. No. 3 
H. M. Mohler, CarroUtown 

CENTER AND CLINTON COUNTIES 

D. W. Miles, State College, P. O. Box 366 

CHESTER and DELAWARE COUNTIES 

Elarl* G. Reiter, Glenmore 

Janes E. Brown, Nottingham 

Charles W. Davis, West Chaster. R. D. No. S 

CLARION COUNTY 

Geo. E. Henry, New Bethlehoa 

CLEARFIELD COUNTY 

J. Walter Hamer. Wast Dacatv 
D. W. Conrad, Rockton 

COLUMBIA COUNTY 

Wayde G. Robbins, MiUvllle 
Elmer E. Shultx, Benton 
Rea Croop, Briar Creek 
Daisy R. LeVan, Catawissa 

CRAWFORD COUNTY 

Howard D. Amy, TownvilU 
Wilbur S. Dannington, Maadvllle 
Walter R. Tuckar, Cambridge Sprtags 
Waltar Connick, Conneautvilla 
Navfai R. Dickson, Corry 
Waltar A. Miles, Titusvilla 

ELK COUNTY 

Wm. B. Stels, Rldgwnv 

Arthur Hunt, 320 Elk Av*.. Johnsonburg 



SAVE MONEY 



tRIE COUNTY 

Chas. D. Cook, Girard 

Lester V. Evans, East Springfield 

H. D. Whitney, Corry 

N. W. Couse, North East 

FAYETTE COUNTY 

John T. Smith, Uniontown 

Gratta Edwards, 509 Market St., Scottdale 

FRANKLIN COUNTY 

Victor H. Myers, Waynesboro 

J. Stanley Foust, Chambersburg, R. D. No. 1 

GREENE COUNTY 

J. E. Graham, Waynesburg 

HUNTINGDON COUNTY 

Chas. L. Goss, Alexandria 

INDIANA COUNTY 

C. Lynn Furmann, Home 
Irvin N. Barr, Commodore 

JEFFERSON COUNTY 

Vern E. Carr, Punxsutawney 
Harry E. McGary, Brookville 
Mary J. Baughman, Summervllle 

E. C. Doverspike, Timblin 
J. I. Allshouse, Brookville 

JUNIATA COUNTY 

BenJ. E. Groninger, Port Royal 

LACKAWANNA COUNTY 

T. M. Kresge, Falls 

Geo. E. Ames, Gouldsboro 

LANCASTER COUNTY 

EUwood W. Stuber, Lincoln 

LAWRENCE COUNTY 

J. Francis Boak, New Castle 
Ed. W. Munn, Lowellvilla, Ohio 

LEHIGH COUNTY 

John J. Marcks, Wescoesvllle 

LUZERNE COUNTY 

Harry M. Line, Shickshinny 

LYCOMING COUNTY 

F. Cleatus Robbins, Muncy Valley 

McKEAN COUNTY 

Raymond Peterson, Kana 

MERCER COUNTY 

Harry H. Fry, Greenrilla 
David F. Tait, Mercer 
Edgar H. Conner, GroTO City 

MONROE COUNTY 

Henry C. Hoffman, Brodbaadsvllla 

MONTGOMERY COUNTY 

MnrriiB S. Barrett, Lhifleld 



MONTOUR COUNTY 

James H. Hartman, DanTlIla 
Chas. H. Marsh, Miltoa 

NORTHAMPTON COUNTY 

John H. Borger, Northampton, R. D. No. 2 

NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY 

Stewart R. Wertman, Watsoatown 

POTTER COUNTY 

Mark V. Kibbe, Ulysses 

Lillian P. Appleby, Sbinglehonse 

SCHUYLKILL COUNTY 

Russel C. Teter, Barnesvilla 

SOMERSET COUNTY 

J. B. W. Stufft, Ralphton 
Victor B. Glessner, Berlla 

SULLIVAN COUNTY 

Carl J. Yonkin, Dushora 

SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY 

Clark N. Bush. Springville 
Minnion N. HalL Montrose 
Vern A. Plew. Thompson 

TIOGA COUNTY 

Dana K. Campbell. Wellsbore 

E. B. Dorsett, Mansfield 

Ira C. Luce, Westfield 

Lee N. Gilbert. Jackson Summit 

VENANGO COUNTY 

O. N. Moore, Emlenton 

Leo S. Bumpus. Cooperstowa 

WARREN COUNTY 

Ralph L. Samuelson, General lasnranca. 
Sugar Grove 

WASHINGTON COUNTY 

Thos. F. Hixenbaugh, Waynssbnrc, 

R. D. No. 2 
Ransom M. Day, Washlagtoa 

WAYNE COUNTY 

C. L. Highhouse, Honesdala 
Wm. A. Avery, Honesdala 

WESTMORELAND COUNTY 

Gratta Edwards, 509 Market St., Scottdale 

WYOMING COUNTY 

Tracy R. Gregory, Daltoa 
Arthur J. Davis, Noxea 

YORK COUNTY 

Arthur N. Bowman, HanoTar 
Otto L. Spahr, Dillsburg 

UNION COUNTY 

Stewart R. Wertman. Watsontown 



NATIONAL GRANGE MUTUAL LIABILITY COMPANY 

(THE ONLY OFFICIAL NATIONAL GRANGE INSURANCE COMPANY) 

BRANCH OFFICE: Southeastern Division. 513-514 Mechanics Trust Bldg., HARRISBURG, PA. HOME OFFICE: KEENE, NEW HAMPSHIRE 



April, 1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 3 




LAST month, we wrote about Faith and springtime and now that God has 
tempered the winds to the shorn lamb, why should not these on relief re- 
ceive some of the benelits of the shorn lamb ? 

J^ot long since we heard an address of welcome, when the speaker in de- 
fining the Grange remarked that in their community they had a population of 
2802 and only 2 on relief. This he said represented the kind of people that 
the Grange is made of. It is not because the farmer is getting a better deal 
than other classes that a smaller percentage of them are on relief, but because 
thev are possibly the most independent of all people. They have had to do 
their own thinking in good times as well as during the depression; hence, they 
have not been depending an others for their sustenance or their very existence 
as is the case with some groups. 

I am inclined to believe that the greatest requisite to recovery is an inde- 
pendent spirit, one that will cause many to create their own jobs. There are 
many things to be done and many have money to invest, but neither those who 
do the work or those who want it done have faith in the future. While there 
are millions of unemployed, the farmer cannot employ help to run his farm to 
its capacity because he cannot afford to pay the prevailing wage. We are told 
of the high price of pork, but what does that benefit when there are no hogs 
for sale? We dislike to think of wages coming down, but the history of other 
depressions has proven that such had to be the case before industry started up. 
I hope that we can escape this sad plight of low wages but fear that we are 
hoping against fate. 

We heartily agree with the President that all relief money should be paid 
for work. The National Grange favors such a plan and also that wages paid 
for relief should be in harmony with the prevailing wage of the locality. It is 
true that this depression is under different circumstances than former depres- 
sions. We are more highly organized and people think and work more in 
groups and not so much as individuals. We have centralized to the extreme. 
If all groups were decentralized the problem would be much simpler, but the 
theory of the survival of the fittest has caused the formations of centralization. 
But since we are living in a group or centralized age, we must work out of this 
depression in that manner. 

"Every advance in the world's progress has been made by the combined 
effort of men exerted through organizations. In the infancy of the human 
race, the necessity of mankind compelled them to associate for mutual assist- 
ance or protection. In the beginning, these associations were of a family or of a 
tribal character, in time, they became stronger, more compact and more ex- 
tensive until sometimes hundreds of millions of people were embraced under a 
single government unit. The history of the world is but the history of organ- 
izations and demonstrates alike its necessity and its beneficence. Subordinate 
to these similarities of belief has in every age and nation induced or compelled 
the formation of religious, educational, social and protective associations as 
various and as numerous as the necessities that gave them birth." The latest 
organization that I have heard of is an organizaticm of those on relief. If 
ever the farmer niM'ded to organize it is now. Laws and taxes are big questions 
and if we as farmers do not stand together we will hang together. Ours being 
the strongest organization of farmers, we should be on our toes to build it 
stronger. Let us keep our GOAL of TEN THOUSAND gain ever before us. 

.1. A. Boak. 



"PENN STATE" TOMATO 



A New and Distinctly Different Variety 

♦ ORIGINATED BY DR. C. E. MYERS ^ 
o/PRNNSYI.VANIA STATR r.OI 1 RHR ▼ 



HERE is the tomato Market Gardeners have been looking for — the 
"Pcnn State" — an altogether NEW variety — entirely different 
from any other variety in HABIT OF GROWTH! • 
This new variety is the result of seven years of intensive breeding 
work by Dr. C. E. Myers, known internationally as having given to 
the world Penn State Ballhead Cabbage and other outstanding varieties 
of vegetables. 

The "Penn State" Tomato is a remarkable yielder — 20 tons to the 
acre being possible when planted in rows 3 feet apart and set 17 inches 
apart in rows. The foliage is medium dark green and rather coarse. 
It covers the fruit well. The fruit is perfectly and evenly colored — a 
rich scarlet. There are few seeds — a most desirable feature. Its rapid 
maturity will strongly appeal to growers who desire an excellent tomato 
for the early markets. 

SCHELL, THE SOLE DISTRIBUTOR 

The entire crop of this seed, frovm on the Pennsylvania State College Farms, 
under the personal supervision of Dr. Myers, who developed the new "Penn 
State" Tomato, will be distributed solely by Walter S. Schell, Inc., upon authority 
of and in cooperation with the College, through Dr. R. L. Watts, Dean and Di- 
rector of the School of Agriculture and Experiment Station, and Dr. Myers, 
Professor of Plant-Breeding. This seed is being offered for the first time in 
1935, in packets only. Each packet contains approximately SO seeds. 

PRICES 

Pkt., $0.25; 10 pkts., $2.50; 25 pkts., $6.25; 50 pkts., $12.50; 100 pkts.. 
$25.00. To be certain of a supply order — TODAY! 

A Profitable Variety for Growers 

The "Penn State" Tomato will produce a money-makinf crop. Earliness, pro- 
ductiveness, uniform ripening, appearance— «11 of these combine in making this 
new variety a good seller, with the assurance of highest prices in competitive 
markets. Write for illustrated catalog which gives the interesting history of the 
"Penn State" Tomato. And don't forget to enclose order for a supply of these 
valuable seeds. 

WALTER S. SCHELL, Inc. 

Seeds of Proven Quality 
1000-02-04 Market Street Harrisbnrg, Pa. 

Please mention you save this ad in the GRANGii; News 



STATUS OF TAX BILLS IN 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY 

The status of the various bills com- 
PnsinjT the revenue measures to raise 
5203,000,000 by the Legislature is as 
follows, as of March 26, 1935: 

Gift tax— March 18th. 

J^xcise tax on mileage of foreign 
trucks— introduced March 18th. 

836 — Transfer mercantile and in- 
heritance tax collections from Auditor 
General to Revenue Department — read 
^'^^^^^ent back to House committee. 

o^»— extending capital stock tax — 
read once, sent back to House com- 
wiittee. 

838 — increasing foreign corporation 
^.x— read once, back in House com- 
mittee. 

839— increasing gasoline tax to 5 

cents— passed by House and sent to 
Senate. 

°40 and 842 — repeal insurance tax 
^emptions— in House committee. 

.repeal gross receipts tax ex- 
emptions— in House committee. 
843— repeal tax deductions to motor 



trucks, buses and taxis — passed by 
House, sent to Senate. 

862 — tobacco tax — passed by House 
and sent to Senate. 

864 — chain store tax — passed House, 
public hearing in Senate March 21st. 

923, 924 and 925 — personal property 
tax — passed by House and sent to 
Senate. 

936 — amusement tax — passed by 
House and sent to Senate. 

948 — tax on electric power — 'in 
House committee. 

969, 970. 991 and 992— increasing 
truck and bus license fees — passed by 
House and sent to Senate. 

971, 972, 973, 974 and 975— sever- 
ance taxes — in House committee. 

1127 — gross receipts tax — passed by 
House and sent to Senate. 

1128 — documentary tax — passed by 
House, sent to Senate. 

1192 — 6 per cent tax on net income 
of corporations — in House committee. 

1473 — State income tax for reduc- 
tion of sch(H)l taxes on real estate — in 
House Ways and Means Committee. 



PENN STATE COOPERATES 

IN SURPLUS MILK STUDY 

A study of the surplus milk situa- 
tion in the northeastern markets is 
being conducted by the agricultural 
economics department of the Pennsyl- 
vania State College in c«)r»peration 
with the Farm Credit Administration 
and Cornell University. 

In Pennsylvania the field work is 
being done in the Philadelphia and 
Xew York milk areas within the state. 

It is the purpose of this joint proj- 
ect to supply needed information in 
order that regional and cooperative 
programs can be conducted. Infor- 
mation pertaining to the location, the 
amount of milk handled, the ultimate 
use, and the i)laces of shipment is be- 
ing obtained from all receiving sta- 
tions. 

Additional information is being 
gathered to determine the amount of 
cream coming from western states. 
Particular attention is paid to what 
might be done to organize a cream 
market so that local farmers may get 
higher prices for Class II milk. Buy- 
ers' demands and preferences are re- 
ceiving consideration. 

At the completion of the study rec- 
ommendations will be made as to bet- 
ter methods of handling surplus milk 
and thus obtaining higher prices for 
farmers in the eastern markets. 



THE GRANGE EXPRESSES 

ITS POSITION CLEARLY 

At recent hearings held before the 
House committee on interstate and 
foreign commerce, the National 
Grange, through its Washington Rep- 
resentative, Fred Brenckman, went on 
record as opposing Federal regulation 
of motor transportation. Concerning 
that feature of the bill before the 
committee which provides for the fix- 
ing of minimum rates and charges on 
motor transportation, the Grange 
spokesman declared : 

Hitherto the prime purpose of reg- 
ulating utilities in this country has 
been to protect the people against ex- 
cessive rates and charges. The uni- 
form practice has been to fix maxi- 
mum rates. To speak of imposing 
minimum rates could mean only one 
thing, namely, that present rates are 
not high enough and that it is the 
intention to make provision b.v law for 
raising rates to higher levels. To us 
such a proposal seems utterly prepos- 
terous, and if carried into effect, 
would be sure to retard recovery and 
react to the detriment of the Nation 

It was pointed out at the hearing 
that in numberless local areas of vary- 
ing extent there are no railroads, and 
that consequently farmers in such sec- 
tions must depend entirely on motor 
transportation to get their products 
to market. 



m 



¥ 



I 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1935 



THE STATE GRANGE 

OPPOSES DIVERSION OF 

MOTOR LICENSE MONEY 

(Concluded from page 1.) 

The property owner in Pennsylva- 
nia has one hope for reduction of his 
road tax bill if the gasoline tax money 
is kept intact ; in fact, we will venture 
to say that it is about the only place 
where we may expect tax reduction. 
If the Motor Fund is equitably allo- 
cated and properly spent for construc- 
tion, maintenance and general high- 
way expenses, all the roads of the Com- 
monwealth can be maintained by the 
State, according to a statement made 
by reliable authority, on the present 
basis of motor and gas tax rates. 

More than one-half of our roads in 
Pennsylvania are still muddy and 
dusty. Many of the State roads built 
originally are in need of reconstruc- 
tion, to say nothing of county or sec- 
ondary roads, comprising one-fifth of 
all our highways. 

The township and local roads with 
which we are largely concerned carry 
about one-tenth of all rural traffic and 
their chief benefit is for the people 
whom we represent and who live along 
these roads. These roads have always 
been maintained by the property tax 
and this burden has become so great 
that property owners must look to the 
State to continue the policy of main- 
taining and constructing the highways 
of the Commonwealth. It is safe to 
assume that a diversion of motor funds 
to other governmental agencies must 
mean curtailment in this particular 
field. These local roads are the feeders 
to the State and county routes. These 
roads carry interstate traffic in addi- 
tion to local traffic and it is incumbent 
upon the Commonwealth to give them 
the attention they deserve. The mo- 
tor license fund is our only hope and 
only upon the condition that it re- 
main intact can we expect to be re- 
lieved of the burden of road taxes. 

We are opposed to House Bill No. 
839 for two reasons: First, the addi- 
tion of two cents to the present tax of 
three cents on gasoline will place an 
undue burden on the farmers of Penn- 
sylvania who already carry too large a 
share of the tax burden. A special 
committee of our organization made a 
comprehensive study of the question of 
taxes in 1930 and this committee took 
the year 1925 as a basis for their study 
because that was considered a normal 
year. It was found that the tax bur- 
den of farmers and others in Pennsyl- 
vania stood as follows: 



The registration of automobiles in 
Pennsylvania for 1935 will probably 
exceed 1,500,000 cars and the esti- 
mated revenue on the basis of an in- 
crease of two cents per gallon is sup- 
posed to be about twenty million dol- 
lars per year. Based upon the num- 
ber of automobiles owned by farmers 
of this State, the farmers would prob- 
ably pay about one-tenth of this gas- 
oline tax, or two million dollars per 
year. 

On January 1, 1934, the number of 
automobiles, trucks, tractors and gas 
engines on Pennsylvania farms, ac- 
cording to a survey reported in Gen- 
eral Bulletin, No. 522, Department of 
Agriculture, under date of January 1, 
1934, was as follows : 

153,690 Automobiles. 
49,160 Motor Trucks. 
35,610 Tractors. 
63,430 Gas Engines. 

A conservative estimate of the gas- 
oline consumption on 153,690 automo- 
biles on the basis of an average use of 
3,000 miles per year, and a consump- 
tion of one gallon to fifteen miles, at 
the proposed increase of two cents per 
gallon would mean that the automo- 
biles alone on the farms in this State 
would have to pay an increased tax of 
$614,760. 

On the basis of 3,000 miles per year 
for the average use of the trucks on an 
average consumption of one gallon of 
gasoline to ten miles and the increased 
tax of two cents per gallon would mean 
{^294,960. 

Thirty-five thousand, six hundred 
ten tractors with an average use of 
thirty days per year, and a consump- 
tion of twelve gallons of gasoline per 
day, a total of 12,819,600 gallons of 
gasoline would be consumed and the 
increase of two cents per gallon would 
mean the additional expenditure of 
$256,380. Gasoline used in tractors 
already bears a three cents gas tax and 
these machines are exclusively for ag- 
ricultural work on the farms, whereas 
the tax that is now paid on tractors is 
applied to highway maintenance. 

Sixty-three thousand, four hundred 
thirty stationary gasoline engines, 
may rank all the way from one-half 
horsepower to ten or more horsepower, 
each, and the most conservative esti- 
mate of gasoline consumption in these 
engines is, allowing for an average use 
of sixty days per year, with an average 
of four gallons per day and at an in- 
creased cost of two cents per gallon, 
an added cost to the operation of 



Farm 

Population 910,847 

Wealth $1,500,000,000 

Income 265,954,000 

Taxes Paid 36,090,200 





Per Cent 




Farm Is 


X on- Farm 


of Total 


8,565,153 


9.62% 


$28,850,O(M),O(K) 


5.20% 


7,218,000,000 


3.68% 


687,853,3(X) 


5.24% 



This indicates that, in proportion to 
income, Agriculture should carry 
about $25,000,000 of tax burden, but 
now carries over $36,000,000. A re- 
duction of the farm tax burden by one- 
third, or a shifting of one-third of this 
burden to other sources of income, 
would therefore place Agriculture on a 
par with other incomes, so far as taxes 
are concerned. Since the burden of 
farm taxes is almost entirely for 
county, school and road purposes, it is 
clear that such relief must come by the 
State. Therefore, our opposition to an 
increase in the gas tax is the fact that 
farmers already pay one-third more 
than their share of the tax burden. 

In the second place, we are opposed 
to an increase of two cents on the 
present basis of the gasoline tax, be- 
cause the amount of two cents per 
gallon shall be paid into the General 
Fund, according to the terms of House 
Bill No. 839. 



$304,460. The same statement con- 
cerning the use of gasoline in tractors 
for highway use applies to gas en- 
gines. There really should not be any 
tax for road purposes on these en- 
gines. It will then be seen that this 
would mean an estimated increased 
cost of one million, two hundred thou- 
sand dollars for the farmers of Penn- 
sylvania in their gas tax bill. 

The farmers' burden is thus in- 
creased by more than one million dol- 
lars through the payment of our tax to 
be used for General Fund purposes. 
It is to be assumed that some of this 
money is to be applied to unemploy- 
ment relief, and, if so, we wish to say 
that this should hardly be expected of 
the farm population in this State. The 
question may be raised, why should 
the farmer not contribute to the unem- 
ployment situation? The answer is 
that less than 2% of the "bona fide" 
farm population of Pennsylvania re- 



ceive any relief whatsoever, according 
to the best authority. It is true that 
approximately 20 cents of the so-called 
relief money is applied to rural sec- 
tions. Rural sections for this purpose 
comprise all villages and towns of 
5,000 or less and the relief bill for 
these people who in normal times had 
incomes from the mines, the factories 
and other sources, should not be 
charged up against the farm popula- 
tion. 

Any increase in the farmers' taxes 
must be borne by him. He cannot 
shift his load to others. Only through 
increased production and higher prices 
can he hope to meet additional bur- 
dens. Neither of these alternatives is 
possible at this time and, therefore, no 
additional burden should be placed 
upon him. 

Our conclusions are: First, to aid 
the farmer in his fight for lower taxes 
there must be no increase in the gas- 
oline tax. 

Second, all motor fund money must 
only be used for highway purposes to 
continue the downward trend of the 
farmers' road tax bill. 

Third, cars, trucks and tractors are 
indispensable farm equipment, and 
with an increase in the gasoline tax 
thousands of farmers will be com- 
pelled to pay a higher tax on gasoline 
than their total property tax. No 
higher tax nor diversion of the motor 
license fund must be allowed. 



TEST SEEDS 



Analysts in the seed laboratory, 
State bureau of plant industry, have 
been working overtime in an attempt 
to take care of the pre-spring rush of 
farm seed samples, many of which 
have been sent in by farmers who are 
anxious to know if the seed they have 
raised, meets the requirements of the 
Pennsylvania seed law. 



Tomorrow to fresh words and pas- 
tures new. 



TWO COUNTIES HAVE 

MASTERS AND LECTURERS 
REGIONAL CONFERENCE: 

The Regional Conference for Lec- 
turers and Masters and Juvenile Ha 
trons of Mercer and Lawrence C()untie> 
was held at London Grange Hall in 
Mercer County on Thursday, March 
14th, with an all day and evening ses- 
sion sponsored by the Pennsylvania 
State Grange. Arrangements were 
made by State Deputy W. S. Fuller- 
ton, assisted by A. W. Haner, Worthy 
Pomona Master of Mercer County 
and Mrs. Lola McDowell, Worthy Po- 
mona Lecturer of Mercer County and 
Mrs. J. W. Brewster, Worthy Pomona 
Lecturer of Lawrence County. 

The Conference was in the hands 
of four State Officers. Worthy Mas- 
ter J. A. Boak, Lawrence County; 
State Deputy W. S. Fullerton, Law- 
rence County; Mrs. Ira C. Gross, 
State Lecturer, Johnstown and Mrs. 
Elizabeth Starkey, Pennsylvania Su- 
perintendent of Juvenile Matrons. 

The morning session was devoted 
to plans and projects for the coming 
year. After a splendid lunch served 
by the ladies of London Grange, the 
afternoon session was called to order 
by Sister Gross. A jury panel was 
selected and questions were asked by 
the members and answered by the 
jury. Later the conference was di- 
vided into groups as follows : Masters, 
Lecturers and Juvenile Matrons. The 
Masters and Lecturers and all the of- 
ficers who attended this conference 
could not find words to express the 
benefits which they derived from this 
Conference; not only in actual plans 
and material benefits they received, 
but in the inspiration received from 
the showing of the Dean Vivian 
Slides in the evening. Many Masters 
understood the ritual of the Grange 
better than they ever had before and 
appreciated the initiation ceremony. 



"Tlieology is spoilt by rhetoric, not 
by philosophy.'' — Dnui Inge. 



Pennsylvania State Grange 

OFTICE OP THE S£CB£TAS,Y 

PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 

Grange Seals $5.00 

Digest W 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, per set of 9 3.00 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, single copy 40 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 4.00 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy 35 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 3 .25 

Constitution and By-Laws 10 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony 15 

Song Books, "The Patron," board covers, cloth, single copy or less than 

half dozen 60 

per dozen 6.00 

per half dozen 3 .00 

Dues Account Book .75 

Secretary 's Record Book .60 

Labor Savings Minute Book 2 .75 

Treasurer 's Account Book .60 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange to Pomona, per hundred '^^ 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 25 -70 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 100 2.75 

Roll Book .75 

Application Blanks, per hundred -^ 

Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred ! -^ 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty .25 

Notice of Arrearage, per hundred .......'., -^J 

Notice of Suspension, per hundred .*J 

Secretary 's B eceipts, per hundred .^ 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred -^ 

Treasurer 's Receipts -^^ 

Trade Cards, per hundred -^ 

Demit Cards, each -^^ 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer Whitehead) -^^ 

Grange Cook Books, each •'' 

Grange Radiator Emblems -^ 

In ordering any of the above supplies, the cash must always accompany *!>• 
irder. The Secretary is not authorized to open accounts. 

Remittances should be made by Postal Money Orders, Checks, or RegW«'j' 
Letter. Orders for supplies must bear the Seal of the Grange for which ordered- 

By order of Executive Committee, 

John H. Light, Secretary. 



Aprih 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 



House of Representatives 

Passes Tax on Gasoline 

If the State Senate Concurs the Gas Tax 
Boost Will Yield $20,000,000 per Annum 



FARMERS of Pennsylvania will be 
required to pay additional taxes 
on gasoline of approximately $1,- 
500 000 per annum, if the State Sen- 
ate agrees to pass House Bill No. 839, 
increasing the tax on gasoline from 
three to five cents per gallon. On final 
passage of the measure in the House, 
113 members voted for the increase 
and 87 voted against the tax. One 
hundred and five votes are necessary 
as a constitutional majority to pass 
any bill, and the bill passed by the 
narrow margin of eight votes. 

It will be recalled that a question- 
naire of fifteen points was submitted 
by the Grange to all candidates for 
the General Assembly last fall, and a 
siummary of the answers given by suc- 
cessful candidates was published in 
the November issue of GraxVge News. 

For the information of our Grange 
membership, as well as subscribers in 
general, we publish herewith tlie vote 
on the gasoline tax measure for com- 
parison with the November issue of 
the paper. It will be found that twen- 
ty-two members who had declared 
themselves "to oppose any and all 
measures that aim to use motor li- 
cense money for other purposes than 
maintenance and construction of 
highways," found it necessary, ex- 
pedient or for other reasons to change 
their position from what it was last 
fall. Had only some of these mem- 
bers kept their promise, the bill could 
not have passed. The most disap- 
pointing feature is that they are in 
most cases members with a rural con- 
stituency. 

For Against 

ADAMS 

H. M. Hartiiian x 

ALLE(iHK.\Y 

Honior S . IJrown x 

Al Tronzo x 

Owrtce J. Sarraf x 

Thoinns P. Mooney x 

Herman P. Ehorharter x 

JaiTK'S W. Patterson x 

Frank .F. Zappala x 

Frank J. Ko(»ol«k x 

John .1. linker x 

ElDjcr .1. Holland x 

Janus P. R.)oney* 

John ].. Powers x 

John J. O'Keefe x 

^^illiam A. Shaw x 

John E. McEIroy x 

J. P. Moran x 

Hamuel A. Weiss x 

Al K. Robinson x 

Josejih H. Haine x 

Frank F. Sumney x 

I^- Kenneth llarkins x 

Charles Harninth x 

Anthony J. fJerard x 

Cyril F. Ruffennach x 

frank A. Coolahan x 

Joseph F. Pjolo X 

ADuS,?""'' ^- P««r8on X 

ARMSTRONG 

Herl-ert G. Gates 

rrank J. AtWIna 
BEAVER 

l^Kf-ne A. Captito x 

wto A. NaKd X 

bkSWd ^^'^^'"^ ^ 

^Charles W. Allen x 

parlintrton IIoopos 

yiith M. Wilson 

Mahlon F. LnRue x 

••rank W. Ruth* 

BLAlr^-^"'^ ' 

^^Jlliarn M. Aukernian x 

Joseph W. Parks 

BRADFORD 

BU'Ks" ^- ^'"*^^ 

J^lson L. Yeakel 

BLTLFR "• ^to*'*'*ia'" 

tJ.^ra'iy Murrin x 

01 u!!"" •'• Klinglcr X 

Hiram G. An.lrews 

Jatnuel P. Boyer 

if:u^\<-'hervonak, Jr x 

Vi^ll^- ^Vestriek x 

CAMERON 

_^^^(hwab X 

* Absent . 



X 

X 



X 
X 



X 
X 



X 
X 



Decker 

, Stott 

HofTner, Jr. 
White 



CARBON 

Frank Bernhard 
CENTRE 

John VV. 
CHESTER 

Charles J 

Henry M. 

Haines D, 
CLARION 

Allen H. Panton 

CLEARFIELD 

Blake B. Shugarts ... 

Frank P. Hamilton . 
CLINTON 

Joseph A. Simon 

COLUMBIA 

Oliver S. McHenry ... 
CRAWFORD 

Floyd G. AltenburB . 
CUMBERLAND 

John A. Smith 

DAUPHIN 

Thos. R. Wickersham 

Roy VV. Shreiner 

Wm. E. Habbyshaw . 

Robert E. WooiL^ide, 
DELAWARE 

Edward Nothnaple 
Weidemaan 
J. Turner . 
J. Sproul . 



Jr. 



Elynn 



D. Kinney — 
W. Barber ... 
Van Allsburg 
McCreary . . , 



Thomas 

Ellwood 

Thomas 
ELK 

John .M. 
ERIE 

William 

Thomas 

John E. 

Ralph S. 
FAYETTE 

Harry J. Browntteld 

Matthew J. Welsh ... 

J. Harold Arnold 

Harry Cochran 

FOREST 

Alexander R. Wheeler* 
FRANKLIN 

P. C. Moomaw 

FULTON 

Marshall Lynch 

GREENE 

Roy E. Furman 

HUNTINGDON 

Richard M. Simpson . 
INDIANA 

Joshua T. Stewart ... 

J. Clair Sloan 

JEFFERSON 

Burt B. Brumbaugh . 
JUNIATA 

D. Murray Iletrick .. 
LACKAWANNA 

Edward J. Coleman . 

Russell Phillips 

Robert J. Cordier 

Harry P. O'Neill .... 
Wm. J. Munley 

E. T. Davies 

LANCASTER 

George E. Downey ... 

Harry E. Trout 

Norman Wood 

Edwin R. Spanjrler* .. 
LAWRENCE 

Wm. J. Eroc 

James Kelso 

LEBANON 

Miles Horst 

LEHIGH 



MeDeniiott 

Holstrom 

Rinn 



James J. 

George R. 

Albert E. 
LUZERNE 

John Yourlshin 

Benjamin H. Rhys 

John J. Hefferon 

John O. Hermansen .. 

William P. Roan 

Wlllard G. Shortz .... 

J . Gordon Mason .... 

Ben j amin Jones 

LYCOMING 

Harry H. Brennan ... 

John H. Slegel 

McKEAN 

E . Kent Kane 

MERCER 

William G. Smith 

Lee Norman Dilley 

MIFFLIN 

Lowell H. Alexander .. 
MONROE 

Leo A. Achterman .... 
MONTGOMERY 

Frederick C. Peters ... 

E. Arnold Forrest 

Wm. Ellis Zimmerman 

Clarence L. Ederer 

John H. Longakcr 

MONTOUR 

Lloyd W. Welllver .... 
NORTHAMPTON 

Wnilam SInwell* 

Henry K. Van Slekle . 

Henry A. Male 

Charles B. Coakley ... 
NORTHUMBERLAND 

John J. Perry 

John F. Stank 

Joseph P. Bradley 

PERRY 

James L. Snyder 

PIKE 

POTTER 

John F. Stone 

SCHUYLKILL 

John J. Downey 

Edgar A. Sehrope 

J. Noble Hirseh 



For 



Against 

X 



x 

X 

x 



X 

x 



x 

X 
X 
X 

X 

X 
X 
X 



X 
X 



X 
X 
X 

X 



X 
X 



X 
X 



X 

X 



X 
X 



X 
X 



X 
X 
X 



X 
X 
X 
X 
X 
X 
X 



X 
X 



X 
X 
X 
X 
X 



X 
X 
X 



X 
X 



X 
X 
X 




'^^t 



WKf, 



' ^-^i 



''h%-ik. C* 



*-■ 



"What are you 
paying for 
corn today?'' 



The Iowa farmer that asked this ques- 
tion over his telephone was offered two 
cents more per bushel than he could get 
from another buyer. A few minutes for 
a telephone call and he made sixty 
extra dollars. 

In business transactions, you can 
readily reckon the cash value of your 
telephone. But it also has a value that 
cannot be measured in dollars — that 
of keeping you and your family in 
friendly touch with the world. And 
there comes a time when its service is 
priceless — when a member of the 
family or relative or friend is seriously 
ill — or when fire, theft, or 
accident puts you in urgent ^ 
need of help from your 



i^j 



• 







For Against 

Daniel C. Linderman x 

Walter L. Barnhardt x 

SNYDER 
Harvey A. Surface x 

SOMERSET 

Jacob B. Schrock z 

Ellis C. Boose X 

SULLIVAN 
George E. Walker x 

SUSgUKHANNA 
Albert F. .Merrell x 

TKHiA 
Frank E. Snyder x 

UNION 
Erancis T. Baker x 

VENANGCJ 
John H. McKinney x 

WARREN 
W. W. Muir X 

WASHINGTON 

John E . Brown x 

A. O. Hinilman x 

Cliff Patterson* 

Walter Carson x 

WAYNE 
Arthur J. Wall x 

WESTMORELAND 

Sanuiel P. Stevens x 

Roy C. Haberlen x 

John H. Dent x 

James E. Lovett x 

C. Fred Mentzer x 

Harry N. Boyd* 

WYOMING 
Charles L. Terry x 

YORK 

Herbert B. Cohen x 

Clayton E. Moul x 

J. M. Flinchbaugh x 

PHILADELPHIA 

L. .Xrthur (treenstein x 

Stephen C. Denning x 

Charles C. A. Baldi, Jr x 

.Morris J. Root x 

.Arnold M. Bhimberg x 

George J. Mallen x 

.•Vnna M. Braneato x 



For Against 



Charles Mek'holrre — 
Frances J. Falkenstein 

Samuel B, Hart 

Walker K. Jackson ... 

Morton WItkIn 

Wm. Patrick Condon . 

Herman J. Tahl 

Robert H. Moore 

Alexander O. Green ... 

Leo V. Tumelty 

Albert L. PtAff 

Benjamin L. Long . 
Clinton A. Sowers .. 

Louis Schwartz 

Robert S. Hamilton 
John J. McDevItt ... 

Frank J. Pitch 

I>ewl8 P. Castor 

John J. Plnnerty ... 
Marshall L. Shepard 

Joseph Ominsky 

.Andrew A. Cannon . 
Joseph David Burke 
Edward Flanagan 
Eugene J. Hagerty . 

Patrick Conner 

Hobson R. Rejmolds 
Harry L. Duffort ... 

Jolm J. Carr 

A. Alfred Wasserman 

Elmer Kllroy 

Joseph A. Scanlon .. 
Joseph A. Ferko .... 
Robert Boyd 



••••••• 



X 

z 



z 

X 



z 
z 
z 



z 



z 
z 



z 
z 
z 
z 

• • 

z 



X 

z 

X 
X 
X 
X 

X 



z 
z 

• • 



z 
z 
z 
z 
z 



z 
z 



* 



FAEM SHOW DATE 

At a recent meeting of the State 
Farm Show Commission, the date for 
the twentieth annual Pennsylvania 
Farm Show was set for January 20-24, 
1936. 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 6 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1935 



Among the Granges 



Activities of the Order in Various Localities 



ONTELAUNEE GRANGE 

WON FIRST PRIZE 

In a very keen, but friendly, contest 
between various Berks County 
Granges, held at the 1934 Reading 
Fair, Ontelaunee Grange No. 1617, 
P. of H. was given a high rating of 95 
per cent out of a possible 100 points. 
There were eleven contestants to com- 
pete for the first prize, for the best 
exhibit in the Grange Division. Onte- 
launee Grange topped all other 
Granges in quality, variety and dis- 
play. The closest competition had a 
rating of 88.1 per cent. 

This is the second time in three 
years that Ontelaunee Grange was 
awarded first prize at the Reading 
Fair. 

The 19S4 Kutztown Fair also had a 
competitive Grange exhibit in which 
Ontelaunee was awarded fourth prize. 

The workers of Ontelaunee Grange 
are to be congratulated in their suc- 
cessful efforts for the upbuilding of 
Grange work. Although small in mem- 
bership, compared with other Granges, 
Ontelaunee is one of the most active in 
Berks County. 



BLAIR COUNTY GRANGE NOTES 

Blair County Pomona Grange No. 
37 met in Duncansville, February 23, 
morning and afternoon, Allegheny 
Grange No. 1154 entertaining. The 
number present during the day was 
130. 

Scotch Valley Grange, in Blair 
County, will observe its Sixtieth An- 
niversary of its organization, in an 



all-day session on March 30. A goal 
of sixty members present is the desire 
of the lecturer. Miss Blanche Bag- 
shaw. Guests and speakers from the 
various Granges in this and other 
counties will be present. A special 
program is being prepared for the oc- 
casion. 

John Rufe, of the Agricultural Ex- 
tension Department of State College, 
delivered an address on the subject, 
"Orchard Management," at the Feb- 
ruary meeting of Kimberton Grange, 
Chester County. Mr. Rufe's talk cov- 
ered the whole range of selection of 
stock, preparation and fertilization of 
soil, trimming, pruning and spraying, 
in order that the finest quality fruit 
may be produced in abundance. He 
stated that in his opinion many old 
orchards should be destroyed and re- 
placed by new trees. 

Three score years ago, Sinking Val- 
ley Grange No. 484 was instituted 
near Skelp in Sinking Valley. For a 
number of years the Grange met in a 
large room on the second floor of the 
James Bailey home, but a few years 
ago a fine Grange hall was erected. 
On March 15th memories of sixty 
years ago were recalled and a program 
befitting the occasion was presented. 



day session. In the forenoon, Rich- 
mond Grange was present and con- 
ferred the Third and Fourth Degrees 
on a class of eight candidates for 
Cambridge Grange. Dinner was 
served at noon by Cambridge Grange. 
In the afternoon, State Deputy Ho- 
ward Eisaman and installing staff was 
present and installed, at a double in- 
stallation, the officers of Richmond 
and Cambridge Granges. Several 
prominent Grangers were present. 
Among them were the Pomona Lec- 
turer and the retiring Pomona Mas- 
ter. Cambridge Grange received a 
medal from the National Grange as 
a first State prize in the National 
Booster Program Contest for the best 
Booster Program in this State with 
a membership of 200 or over. 

Sarah Mitchell, Lecturer. 



RICHMOND GRANGE 

CONFERS DEGREES 

Cambridge Grange No. 168, located 
at Cambridge Springs in Crawford 
County, has been having several in- 
teresting meetings. Recently 125 
members and visitors met for an all- 



FAYETTE COUNTY 

ENTERTAINS VISITORS 
FROM ALLEGHENY COUNTY 

On Saturday, March 9, 1935, a dele- 
gation from Allegheny County visited 
Fayette County Pomona at their 
meeting held in Uniontown and 
brought the Fourth Traveling Gavel 
to Fayette County and had charge of 
the Lecturer's Hour, putting on a fine 
program. Fayette County will carry 
the Gavel to Greene County on Sat- 
urday, June 1st. 

The Patrons of Fayette County 
have eighteen Subordinate Granges 
and have made a net gain in member- 
ship of 238 in the past year. There 
is more interest being taken in the 
Grange work each year. Fayette 
County has its own Traveling Gavel 
made from a piece of wood taken from 
George Washington's mill erected at 
Perryopolis in 1771-75. It has almost 
completed its second tour of the coun- 
ty. 

Fayette County has more than 2,200 
Patrons and the Pomona meetings are 
always well attended. Menallen 
Grange has won the attendance ban- 



ner at three consecutive meetings 
having 51 members a year ago and 
145 members now, all active. Most of 
the Granges have Home Economics 
Conmiittees and are very active. They 
make garments, sheets and clothing 
for children and donate fruit, jellies 
potatoes, etc. and have donated eigh- 
teen quilts to the Children's Aid So- 
ciety Home for Orphans. One Ju- 
venile Grange, York Run, is buying 
sheets to give to the Home. 

Fayette County Notes 

Mr. L. C. Harris, who had Perry- 
opolis Grange No. 1487 organized in 
1910 has just returned from Florida 
where he spent the winter. Mr. Har- 
ris is our oldest member, we had a 
birthday party for him last fall on his 
83d birthday. Mr. Harris is very ac- 
tive and plans taking other trips in 
the future. Our members are sorry 
to see him leave as he was always a 
very active worker in the Grange. 

Mr. Bel a W. Patton our next oldest 
member, who joined Perryopolis 
Grange soon after it was organized 
and who was in his 81st year, died at 
his home near Perryopolis on Feb. 13, 
1935. He is survived by his wife and 
one sister. Mr. Patton will be missed 
for like Bro. Harris he used to attend 
the Grange meetings regularly. 



BRADFORD POMONA MEETING 

Sheshequin was the mecca for all 
loyal county Grangers February 16, 
when the regular quarterly session of 
Pomona No. 23 was held. A record 
breaking crowd was in attendance. 
Bert Horton, Master of Sheshequin 
Grange, delivered the address of wel- 
come. G. S. VonWolfradt of Diahoga 
Grange responded to this address in 
an able manner. He urged all Grang- 
ers to strive for honor Granges. 

The officers gave a report of their 
work during the past year in response 
to roll call. Worthy Master Madigan 
reported that his first official act was 




Ontblaunee Grange, Berks County, Won I-^rst Prize. Kutztown Fair T aqt Patt a QmT,T«. « t^ x. 

PITTING EXHIB^sSuriNG' THE COMING A^ll^Z ""' """" "^""'^^ ^"^ ""^'^^^^^ ^^ ^""^'^ ^^""• 



April, 1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 7 



that of carrying the traveling gavel to 
Lquehanna County. He visited 
twenty-three of the county's forty 
r ranges during the year. He installed 
even sets of Subordinate and three 
^8ts of Juvenile officers. He presented 
^even golden cheaf certificates and a 
"umber of silver stars. He attended 
"even "booster" meetings. 

Mrs. Case pointed out the goals and 
plans for the Home Economics Com- 
niittee in the year 1935. They are as 
follows: Every Grange an active 
home economics club; every Grange 
farm free from advertising ; one home 
economics program every quarter; 
some improvement in the grounds of 
your Grange hall ; plant a shrub or a 
perennial flower; have an exchange 
of bulbs and seeds in your Grange 
this Spring. 

Under report of Subordinate 
Grange, Diahoga reported the highest 
attendance; Central and Sheshequin 
Granges reported extensive repairs, 
interior decorations, etc. Standing 
Stone received an Honor Grange cer- 
tificate while Liberty Corners asks 
for members over 70 years of age to 
enter a speaking contest. Union 
Grange received the banner for the 
highest net gain, having gained 55 
members. Diahoga came near to 
championship with an increase of 53 
members. Wilmot Grange won the 
National Grange Medal for the best 
Booster Night program. 

During the afternoon it was voted 
to give the committee on cow testing 
association $50 to aid them in carry- 
ing out any projects they may deem 
necessary in this good cause. It also 
was voted to set aside a sum not to 
exceed $50 providing the lecturer with 
funds for the purchasing of suitable 
prizes to be given in coming contests 
to be launched by her; $25 also was 
set aside for prizes and extending Ju- 
venile work. 

A class of thirteen candidates were 
obligated in the Fifth Degree after 
which the meeting was adjourned un- 
til May when Wilmot will be the place 
to which all true Grangers will wend 
their wav. 



CRAWFORD POMONA 

Crawford County Pomona Grange, 
at the closing session of its spring 
meeting at Linesville on March 6th 
and 7th, approved resolution calling 
for a discontinuance of public relief, 
excepting in cases of "absolute neces- 
sity. ' It also passed a resolution 
against the proposed increase of two 
cents a gallon in state gasoline tax. 

The resolution relating to curbing 
the relief expenditures was presented 
V Eureka Grange as follows : 

Wherrab, Relief has become a burden on 
toe taxpayera of Crawford County and In 
oany casPB Is unnecessary, we, the mem- 
oirs of Eureka Grange, go on record as op- 
iwsed to a continuation of such relief ex- 
cept in cases of absolute necessity. Be it 
further 
Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions 
* spread on our minutes and a copy pre- 
^"nted to Pomona Grange for action and 
wwarded to the State director. 



^ERHHING IN FIELD & GARDEN SEEDS 

Sfitt Ov Complett Prtet Lbt OUR SEEDS SATISFY 
ALL SAOa TAOQKO WITH rWHITY ^ aKnMIN ATlON 
Medium Clover ) ^^ •» (bu. $17.40 
E Mammoth Clovar [ J:::*^?*. < " 17.70 
Grimm Alfalfa ) Verifaed ( .. ,g g^ 
Recleaned AUike ^^ 
White BloMom Sweet Clover " 
EKecleaned Timothy ** 
20% Timothy-AUike Mixed _ ** 
Alberta Cluster Seed Oata ... ** 
2-Row Alpha Barley 
■^ Metcalf. Perfect Ensilage Com 
I^X West Branch Sweepstakes Com 
I I Big Yellow Sweepstakes Cora" 
L , ^ Cornell No. 1 1 Com " 

SMttcalf's BBSt Sunny Liwn St H, S ftt. $1 . 50 postpaid 
METCALF'S 

BOX A CHITTCNANQO. N. Y. 

^ ^"Wcl ffotn (hit adotrHtwient. Instant thtpment. 



19.20 
7.50 
11.25 
11.70 
1.00 
1 50 
3.75 
3.00 
3.25 
2.75 



Hydetown Grange presented the res- 
olutions opposing the additional gaso- 
line tax and they were as follows: 

Hydetown Originates Protest 

Whereas, Governor Earle of Pennsylvania 
Is recommending an additional two cents per 
gallon on gasoline ; and 

Whereas, Four cents of the price paid 
for gasoline now is a large tax ; therefore 
be It 

Resolved, That we, the members of Hyde- 
town Grange. No. 1239, go on record as op- 
posing the two cents per gallon additional 
tax on gasoline. 

Crawford County Pomona Grange 
No. 26, offers $10 to all Subordinate 
granges making a gain in membership 
of 10% this year; and $10 to the 
grange making highest per cent gain 
and $5 to grange making second high- 
est. Award to be made at December 
meeting. 

In addition to discussion and action 
on the resolutions submitted, Thurs- 
day's session included a talk by Scott 
Patton of Hartstown Grange and an 
interesting debate on the following 
question : 

Resolved, That in normal times it is wiser 
for a farmer to increase his savings account 
each year than to spend all of his net earn- 
ings in soil improvement, equipment and gen- 
eral farm and home Improvement. 

An interesting talk was that on "My 
Potato Project," given by George Ren- 
dulack, vocational pupil of Linesville 
High School, winner of second place 
in the 1933 state-wide potato project 
and first place winner in the 1934 
potato project contest. His winning 
yield was 448^0 bushels to the acre. 



GRANGES 

NOW BUYING 

Hoffman's 

C/ EXTRA QUALITY 

CLOVER and ALFALFA 



SULLIVAN POMONA 

Whereas, There is a bill pending before 
the Legislature to Impose a tax of five cents 
a gallon on gasoline, therefore 

lie It Resolved, That Sullivan County Po- 
mona Grange, No. 62, in regular session as- 
sembled the second day of March, oppose the 
levying of any additional tax on gasoline at 
this time. 

Whereas, A sum of money has already 
been transferred from the Motor Funds to the 
Emergency Relief Fund by the State, with the 
understanding that this money would be re- 
turned to the Motor Fund this spring, and 

Whereas, It is understood that an effort is 
being put forth to have this money remain 
in the Relief Fund. Therefore. 

Be It Resoh-ed, That this Pomona Grange 
is opposed to this action and recommends that 
this money be returned to the proper fund and 
that in the future no funds from the Motor 
Department be deflected to be used for any 
other purpose than for the building and main- 
tenance of roads and bridges as it was in- 
tended. 

W«EREAs, There is a bill before the House 
to change the form of levying the assessment 
of mercantile tax and take the collecting of 
the same out of the hands of the county 
treasurer, placing it in the Department of 
Revenue, and to eliminate all advertising of 
mercantile appraisement lists, therefore, 

Be It RrsoJred. That this Pomona Grange 
oppose this Bill and so inform our member 
of Assembly and State Senator. 

Whkrfas. The time for the return of town- 
ship roads to the care of the townships' su- 
pervisors after being cared for, for the past 
two years by the State unless the present 
Legislature should decide to permanently as- 
sume the care of said roads. Therefore, 

Up It Resiolved, That this Sullivan County 
Pomona Grange urge the passage of a bill 
wheroby the State should assume the care of 
all township roads and bridges, the expense 
of same to be paid for from the Motor Fund. 

Whereas. The State Grange at a recent 
session sponsored a bill for the levying of a 
graduated income tax for school purposes, 
therefore. 

Be It Resolved, That this Sullivan County 
Pomona Grange urge the passage of such a 
bill for the reduction of taxes to the property 
owners. 




o 



iRDERS are coming in from all over 
the state from Granges. They know 
that Hoffman Seeds are the cleanest, 
strongest, and hardiest that can be pro- 
duced. 

NO RE- WEIGHING ... NO BOTHER . . . 

NO LOSS . . . Because each man's seeds 
are careful- 
ly packed in 
separate 
bags and 
carefully 
marked 
with the name of the purchaser. 

Ask your Grange buyer to W^RITE 
TODAY! Get Special Prices and 
Free Samples. 

A. H. HOFFMAN, INC. 

LANDISVILLE, PENNSYLVANIA 




STATE SENATE VOTES 

HOME WINE TAX FREE 

On March 20 the Senate voted to 
exempt home made wine from State 
licensure. With only one neprative 
vote, it adopted the Ziesenheim bill 
to eliminate ncvd of a State license if 
not more than 200 p^allons of wine are 
made in the home in a year and it is 
not offered for sale. 

An appropriation of $3,932,000 to 
Pennsylvania State College is pro- 
posed in a bill introduced by Senator 
E. J. Thompson, Centre. 



The trouble with an idle rumor is 
that it never remains idle. 



TIOGA POMONA 

At the March session of P(jmona 
No. 30, with a membership of 4,500, 
held at Academy Corners, March 7th 
and 8th, the foHowing resolutions were 
adopted : 

Resolved, That we oppose the imposition 
of more taxes until there has been a drastic 
reduction in governmental expenses. 

We further recommend that the Bureau of 
Revenue and the Bureau of Property and 
Supplies be abolished. The revenue of the 
State should be collected by the Auditor Gen- 
eral and all supplies be bought by the sev- 
eral bureaus, departments and institutions, 
as and when needed. Such a change would 
not only expedite business, but would save 
the State millions of dollars each year. 

We recommend that the Bureau of Chem- 
istry be transferred to the College and the 
office closed. 

We recommend that the Bureau of Labor 
and Industry be consolidated with the Bureau 
of Woritmen's Compensation and all highly 
paid officials and executives be dismissed. 
This would prevent duplication and save the 
revenue of the State. 

The Grange has long sponsored a Gradu- 
ated Income Tax and recommends that a 
law be enacted at once and sent to the 
Supreme Court to test its constitutionality. 
We further recommend that the people be 
given the opportunity to decide by ballot 
whether or not they want a new (Constitu- 
tion. 

We oppose the additional tax of two cents 
per gallon on gasoline as it would add an 
additional btirden on those least able to pay 
and reduce their buying power. Gasoline 
has ceased to be a luxury and has become a 
necessity for both the farmer and the labor- 
ing man. 

We oppose transferring money from tht 
Motor Fund to the General Fund, unless as- 
surance is given that the money will be 
returned. All money paid Into the Motor 
Fund is paid with the understanding that it 
is to be used for road building and main- 
tenance and we Insist that It be used for 
that purpose. 

We oppose the enactment of any laws per- 
mitting training of dogs, hunting, fishing or 
the display of moving pictures on Sunday. 

We oppose the passage of House Bills No. 
79 and No. 840, together with similar bills 
as being vicious and destructive. The mo- 
tive back of these bills Is to destroy all 
Mutual Companies and thus deprive rural 
folks from obtaining Fire, Life and Casualty 
Insurance at reasonable rates. 



We approve and will support the Legisla- 
tive Program of the Pennsylvania State 
Grange and urge all members to do the 
same. 

We commend the action of the State Ad- 
ministration In consolidating the Bureau of 
Welfare with the Bureau of Health, and 
further recommend that all relief money be 
disbursed by local and county authorities. 
We are opposed to the practice that Is be- 
coming altogether too common. In both State 
and National Government, of attempting to 
make political capital out of human misery. 
(Signed) E. B. Dorsbtt. 
W. N. Smith, 
Martha Thomas. 



HOW THIS SPECIAL 

GRANGERS POLICY 

FITS YOUR NEEDS 



TTERE is a life insurance policy 
-* ^ planned especially for Grange 
members. Guarantees financial pro- 
tection for your family in the year* 
when they need it most. Then, you 
can take a lump sum in cash — and 
still keep in force as much paid-up 
insurance as you need. 

Thii it ■ remarkable method oi aaviog mooey 
that ym ycurulf can mm. It ia Ihe ts*y way 
because you aave partly in the form ol yearly 
depoaita . . we build up the reat. 

Get the facta on this policy— »•■». No oblii** 
tioD. Write aa ttJay. 

A GENTS : W» ttk nnn*eti»m with 
pr9trttsiP0 agtnls in a ftw fd 
ttrritorita still optn. Our rtpnttm- 
tativ0 mfill b« glad to disatst dHaiU. 

GRANGE LIFE 
INSURANCE 

FARMERS & TRADERS 
LIFE INSURANCE CO. 

Room 488-N 

State Tower Bldg. Syracuse, N. Y, 



I! 



I 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 8 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1935 



Pennsylvania Qrange News 

Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 

Rooms 426-28, Telegraph Building 
216 Locust St. HarrUburg. Pa. 

5 cents a copy. 50 cents a year. 



Vol. XXXII 



April, 1935 



No. 1 



Board of Managers 

J. A. BOAK, President, New Castle, Pa. 

FURMAN GYGER KENZIE S. BAGSHAW CHARLES W. CREASY 

Kiniberton, Pa. Hollidaysburg, Pa. Catawissa, Pa. 

Editor-in-Chief, J. A. BOAK 
Managing Editor, JOHN H. LIGHT 
'^ 426-28 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Associate Editor, IRA C. GROSS 

ADVERTISING is accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate line, or $3.50 per Inch, 
each insertion. New Yorlc representative, Norman Co., 34 West 33d Street, 



Bills Legalizing Saloons Open on the 
Lord^s Day, Sunday Movies, Gambling, 
Horse Racing, Scheduled for Passage 

in the Legislature 



Legislation 



MUCH effort and time is being spent to find new sources for revenue to 
run our State government for the next two years, but so far very little 
effort has been exerted to reduce the cost of running the State Govern- 
ment in the future. Most farmers and other businesses as well, have had to 
reduce their expenditures, but not so with our public affairs. A reduction of 
salaries would help some, but a reduction or discontinuation of bureaus and 
departments would help more. 

Our postage rates are as high as during the war times. I would appreciate 
a two-cent postage rate more than so many new post-office buildings. 

New positions are being created every day to add to the already deficient 
budget. Many new bills are being presented both in Congress and in our State 
Legislature to raise new and more tax, but very few to conserve the funds 
already provided for or to reduce the expenses of government. Rome fell when 
one in five of its subjects were put on its payroll. America will soon have such 
a ratio. The last figures I saw gave ours as one in seven. That was before 
our present relief system was established. 

It is high time when our relief situation be more thoroughly investigated. 
I am satisfied that most people need relief, but that many who are receiving it 
would not suffer more than the rest of us if theirs was discontinued. If all 
unnecessary relief was discontinued it would do more to balance the budget 
than a gas tax and a sales tax. The abuse of our relief system is not only 
bankrupting our resources, but is breeding contempt among our citizenry that 
will take years to overcome. 

A charity that does not work both ways is not charity. J. A. B. 



Relief Investigation Due 

IN SPITE of reports from Washington telling how employment is decreas- 
ing the rapid growth of relief and the machinery and expense to admin- 
ister relief is one of the astonishing developments in the cities, towns 
and boroughs of our State today. In this respect the relief situation of one 
community nine cases out of ten is the experience of another. 

In Philadelphia, for instance, according to the newspapers, the 70,674 
relief cases in that city six months ago has jumped to 103,000 cases today. 
The cost of relief alone last August was $2,337,933 a month. Today it is 
$3,420,000 each month. A force of nearly 1,600 men and women are being 
paid $37,000 a week to distribute relief funds, or over $1,924,000 a year. 
The highest salary paid is $115 a week. 

It is generally believed that great savings can be effected in the distribution 
of relief funds by centering the distribution with the County Commissioners 
or the Directors of the Poor of the several counties of the State, and that 
there by published in each district wherever possible the names and amounts 
of everyone receiving aid. Millions of dollars have been donated by the 
State and Nation for relief purposes, without public knowledge of where 
the money is applied. Emergency relief is an expenditure of the public's 
tax money or taxes to be levied, and a thorough investigation should be 
made so that the costs of administration of Emergency Unemployment Re- 
lief can be reduced. Resolution No. 63 of the House of Representatives 
calls for a rigid investigation of the conduct and operation of the emergency 
relief boards in certain counties and a committee has been appointed to 
carry out the purposes of the resolution. Another resolution in the House, 
No. 70, calls for the investigation of another county relief board and the 
United States Employment Bureau. Resolution No. 84 of the House of 
Representatives is on this same subject. Resolution No. 95 asks for the 
investigation of the relief boards of two other counties of the State. It 
would, therefore, seem that before placing additional burdens on our tax- 
payers this question of need should be fully investigated. 



EFFORTS to repeal the so-called "blue laws" prior to the General AssembW 
of 1933 were unsuccessful. Up to that time the Legislature had recognized 
the efforts of the people to maintain good government. The passage of \u 
Sunday baseball law in 1933, however, drove in the wedge that opened the way 
for the enactment of all kinds of vicious legislation involving the breaking down 
of our Sabbath day observance laws; legalizing gambling, horse racing, bootlegeing 
and return to the old time saloon. * 

Forty bills have been introduced in the State House of Representatives of the 
General Assembly covering all shades of iniquitous legislation this session. Of 
this number five refer to moving pictures and theatrical performances on Sunday 
Three legalize the sale of liquor on Sunday. Five of these bills have to do witii 
legalizing horse racing. Five more provide for fishing on Sunday. Strange to 
relate one of these bills exempts from taxation all intoxicating manufactured in 
homes, and this at a time when measures taxing gasoline, groceries, electric light- 
ing, water, etc., etc., are on their way to become laws. 

Thirty of the bills, mostly of a liberalizing nature, refer to intoxicating liquors, 
Another bill would legalize gambling in the shape of lotteries. These bills, unlesa 
organizations and individuals opposed to the break down of law and order muster 
their forces to defeat them, are scheduled for enactment into law at an early date. 

A list of the bills follow: 
Sunday Theatrical Performances 

H, 1 Schwartz — Sunday Theatrical Performances, to ascertain wish of electors. 

Melchiorre — Sunday Theatrical Performances, to ascertain wish of elec- 
tors. 

Zappala — Sunday Theatrical performances prohibited unless provided for 
by will of the electors. 

Schwartz — Sunday Theatrical Performances prohibited unless provided 
for by will of electors. 

Barber — Sunday Motion Pictures to ascertain the will of electors. 

Horse Facing 

II. 7 O'Neil — Licensing and Regulation of State Racing Commission. 

Peters — Licensing and Regulation of State Racing Commission. 
Baldi — Licensing of. Permitted. 

Dent — Licensing of and Regulation Commissioner in Dept. of Agriculture. 
Melchiorre — Licensing of, State Racing Commission. 
Melchiorre — Penna. Horse Racing Board created Licensed and Reg. 
Cochran — Am. Agr. Assoc. Ex. Betting authorized by Referendum. 
Caputo — Betting or Wagering on Prohibited, etc. 

Sunday Fishing 

H. 103 Hoopes— One Rod, 2 Hooks, Permitted. 

H. 112 LaRue— With Rods and Line, lawful. 

H. 143 Powers — By Licensed Residents, Provided for 

H. 144 Ederer — Sunday fishing legalized. 

H. 222 Moore — Certain Hours made lawful. 



H. 215 
H. 203 
H. 367 
H. 816 



H. 8 
H. 108 
H. 173 
H. 216 
H. 324 
H. 331 
H. 952 



April, 1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 9 



Liquors 

H. 17 
H. 18 
H. 31 
II. 45 
H. 87 
H. 98 
H. 210 
H. 139 
H. 373 
H. 374 
H. 383 
H. 426 
H. 427 
H. 485 
H. 487 
H. 497 
H. 407 
H. 305 
H. 503 
H. 508 
H. 619 
H. 721 

H. 731 
H. 874 
H. 919 
H. 938 
H. 1073 
H. 1256 
H. 1532 

H. 1148 



Zappala — Wines manufactured in homes exempt from tax. 

Zappala — Wines, home mfr. legalized. 

Conner — Malt liquor license law repealed. 

Conner — Prohibition as to maintenance of counters and bars eliminated. 

Denning— Sales and distribution, fixing time. 

Sowers — Sale of, over counters and bars permitted. 

Weiss — Violations, penalties changed. 

Sowers — Restaurant, Hotel, Club Definition changed. 

Moore — Licenses, Revocation, Fines. 

Denning— Licenses Retail Hearing Provided on Board's Refusal to issue. 

Green— Licenses Retail Hearing Transfer of on Board's Refusal to issue. 

Zappala— Clubs Sales on all days at all hours permitted. 

Zappala — Sales of, in clubs Sundays and Election Days permitted. 

Weiss— Licenses, Retail, fees equalized, hotels, restaurants, clubs. 

Moore — Licenses, Restaurants limited to one place business. 

Caputo — Sunday, sales by clubs provided for. 

Caputo — Sales for consumption off premises provided for. 

Wasscrman — Wines, manufacture of and possession provided for. 

Schrope — Hospitals, sales at wholesale provided for. 

Denning— Licenses, Retail for more than one place prohibited. 

Conner — Sales by Retailers for consumption off premises provided for 

Holland — State Stores, regulation sale over bars and counters permitted 

time of closing. 
Sproul — Revocation and Susp. Licenses, prov. relative change. 
Kelso — Local Option extended to counties. 

Moore — Retail Sales Consumption off premises, hotels, rest, and clubi. 
Melchiorre — Control Act Variously Amended — Malt Liquor Law Rep. 
Carr — Importation Beverages prohibited unless tax is paid. 
Schwartz — Licenses, sale of, by theaters repealed. 
Dent — Spec. Licenses to hotels and Restaurants to sell in sealed container! 

not exceeding one quart. 
Blumberg— State Stores, Referendum to ascertain will of electors cob- 

cerning operation. 

Lotteries 

H. 237 Sowers— Unemployment Relief and Old Age Pensions, legalized for. 

Wrestling and Boxing 

H. 246 Turner — Amateur and Nat. Guard, exempt from prov. law and reg. M"**" 
H. 359 Wickersham — Certain Organizations exempt from license fee. 
H. 628 Coleman — License fees for parts of year provided for. 
H. 1095 Rhys — Decisions to be rendered by Referees, judges eliminated, '«• 
schedule revised. 



There are occasions when it is best 
to keep your mouth shut — when angry, 
when swimming, or when late for 
dinner. 



The more you do for some peopw' 
the more you get done. 

Invest in haste, repent in poverty- 



State Senate Defeats Gasoline Tax 

Increase 

As Grange News goes to press, the Senate defeated the proposal to 
increase the gasoline tax from 3 to 5 cents per gallon by a vote of 28 
to 17. The Senators voting for the increase are as follows: Baumer, 
Cavalcante, Frey, Huffman, Kahle, Law, McCreesh, McGinnis, Miller, 
Pytko, Rankin, Reed (Washington Co.), Rice, Roberts, Rodgers, 
Thompson (Centre Co.), and Trainer. 

Senators voting against the increase are: Aron, Batchelor, Bennett, 
Buckman, Chapman, Clark, Coyne, Ealy, Gelder, Graff, Harris, Hom- 
sher, Howell, Hunsicker, Lanius, Mallery, McClure, Norton, Owlett, 
Pierson, Prince, Reed (Dauphin), Rupp, Shapiro, Staudewmeier, 
Thompson (Westmoreland), Woodward and Ziezenheim. 

As is well known, the Grange opposed the increase of the Gasoline 
Tax in both the House and Senate. 



LECTURERS' SHORT COURSE 
CONFERENCE PROGRAM PENN- 
SYLVANIA STATE COLLEGE 

April 17-19, 1935 
Wednesday, April 17 

2:00 p.m.. Registration and Tour 
of Grounds and Buildings. 
5: 30 p. m., Dinner — Sandwich 

Shop. 

7:30 p.m., Formal Opening of the 
Conference in Schwab Hall. 

Greetings from the Pennsylvania 
State College School of Agriculture, 
Dean R. L. Watts. 

Response from the Pennsylvania 
State Grange, J. A. Boak. 

Address, "Public Problems of Agri- 
culture, Hon. J. Hansell French. 

'^Here's for a Good Time," Willis 
Kerns. 

Thursday, April 18 

9:00 a.m.. Devotions and Singing. 

Address, "Using the Agricultural 
Extension Service," M. S. McDowell. 

Address, "What Is Wrong with 
America's Backbone," J. H. Frizzell. 

10:15 a.m.. Round Table Confer- 
ences. 

Principles of Program Building, 
Willis Kerns. 

Economics of Agriculture and the 
Grange, Fred Lininger. 

The Lecturer's Job, Dr. Earl Bates. 

Youth Activities, Laura Reynolds. 

Thursday, April 18 

1:30 p. m., Music. 

Address, Dr. Earl Bates. 

2:30 p.m.. Round Table Confer- 
ences. 

Program Building, "Using Local 
Resources," Ira C. Gross. 

"You Can Lead Singing," Willis 
Kerns. 

First Year Lecturers, James C. 
Farmer. 

Community Projects for Rural 
Women, Home Economics Committee. 

Tea. 

8:00 p.m., Organ Recital. 

Play, "A Moment of Darkness," 
Rural One Act Play. 

Tournament Championship Winner, 
Chippewa Grange. 

I^iscussion of Dramatics. 

Friday, April 19 

^: 00 a. m.. Devotions and Singing. 

Address, James C. Farmer. 

Round Table Conferences. 

Program Building, "Projects," 
James C. Farmer. 

Community Projects for Rural 
Women, H. E. Committee. 

Pomona Lecturers, Mrs. Ira C. 
Wross. 

Masters and Deputies, J. A. Boak. 
Juvenile Programs, Mrs. Elizabeth 
^tarkey. 

Friday, Aphil 19 

1" 30 p. m., Music. 

^ddress. 

^outh Activities, Prof. Baker, 
program Planning, "Meeting Com- 
'""nity Needs," Ira C. Gross. 



Parliamentary Procedure, Adrian 
O. Morse. 

The Future of Agriculture, Dr. 
Hood. 

6 : GO p. m.. Banquet Meeting. 

Special Entertainment Features. 

Epitomization of the Conference, 
"Where Have We Been and Where 
Are We Going?" James C. Farmer. 

Address, William V. Dennis. 

Group Singing. 



GRANGE PROJECTS OUTLINED 

BY STATE LECTURER 

Plans for Grange activities for the 
new year were outlined at a meeting 
of the Somerset County Pomona 
Grange in the courthouse on March 
8th. 

Representatives were in attendance 
from twenty Grange organizations in 
the county. Mrs. Ira Gross, of Johns- 
town, State Lecturer, was present and 
outlined three projects which will be 
carried out this year in the county. 
These same projects are being spon- 
sored by the State Grange organiza- 
tion. 

The first is a contest to promote bet- 
ter ritual at meetings. State Deputy 
J. B. W. Stufft, of Ralphton, will act 
as judge. In order to enter the contest 
each Grange must have a degree team, 
officers must be seated by drill, all 
work must be memorized and initia- 
tion must take in 10 per cent of the 
members of each organization. 

The second project is the promotion 
of "neighborhood night" meetings, at 
which three Granges are to be present. 
One will be host, a second group will 
be guests and the third will have 
charge of the program. Twenty meet- 
ings are scheduled for the months of 
April, May and June. By forming a 
chain, each Grange will officiate at one 
meeting in each of the three capac- 
ities. 

The third project has been framed 
to increase the attendance at Pomona 
Grange meetings which are gather- 
ings of the twenty Subordinate 
Granges in the county. Sessions are 
held four times a year. 



WORTHY IMPROVEMENTS 

The progressive character of the 
Grange is evidenced by the fact that 
a 1935 slogan which the Granges are 
widely passing on from state to state 
is this, "At least one improvement to 
our Grange home this year." Such 
improvement projects concern both in- 
terior and exterior, the purchase of 
new equipment or regalia, setting 
shrubbery, grading Grange grounds, 
building walks or otherwise making 
the Grange home more attractive. 
That this movement is an important 
one is indicated by the fact that there 
are more than 3,600 Grange-owned 
halls in the United States, with sev- 
eral new ones being dedicated every 
week in the year. 



riof Ysater 

. . . and my new Electric l^ange 
make kitchen work a pleasure"^ 




*NOW there is always plenty 
of hot water for washing dishes, 
for cleaning or for the bath. 
And best of all we have found 
that our electric water heater 
is not expensive to operate." 

The electric stove and water 
heater on the farm of W. J. 
Ailes, Coal Center, Pa., were 
installed less than a year ago. 
Mrs. James Ailes, his daugh- 
ter-in-law, was enthusiastic 
when we asked her about the 
new equipment. 

"My new electric stove 
bakes beautiful bread, pies, 
cakes and cookies,'* she said. 
**It browns them evenly 
and is much cleaner than 



our old range. Then, too, 
it saves time and work, be- 
cause there are not so many 
pots and pans to scour." 

Talk to the representatives 
of your own electric company. 
They will explain to you how 
satisfactory it is to heat water 
and to cook with electricity. 



Other Electric Equipment 
on the Farm of W. J. Ailes 

Milk Cooler Milking Machine 
3 Water Pumps Bottle Washer 
Refrigerator Sweeper 
Washer 2 Irons 

Griddle Toaster 

Radio Heating Pad 

Good lights at house and bam 



Your Electric QAompany 

Published by the Pennsylvania Electric Association 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 10 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1935 



Mrs. Georgia M. Piollet 
Chairman, Towanda 

Mrs Charlotte Ruppin 
Akron 

Mrs. George Kresge 

Falls 

Miss Margaret Brown 
State College 

Mrs. Emma Jones 
Irwin, R. D. 4 



WOMAN'S WORK 

IN THE 

HOME AND GRANGE 

By Home Economics Committee 



MOTTO FOR APRIL 

Prayer of a sportman. Knute 
Rockne often recited it to the players 
on his team. Good for all of us. 

*'Dear Lord in the battle that goes on 
through life, 
I ask but a field that is fair 
A chance that is equal with all in the 
strife, 
A courage to strive and to dare; — 
And if I should win. let it be by the 
code, 
With my faith and my honor held 
high; 
And if I should lose, let me stand by 
the road 
And cheer as the winners go by." 



A GARDEN 

"A garden is a magic place 

Of hope and promise, growth and 
grace. 

Where rain and sun and earth com- 
bine 

In working miracles divine. 

A garden is a place to find 
Contentment for a troubled mind. 
The wonder of young growing things 
A sense of peace and quiet brings. 

A place to love and laugh and dream 
In starlight hush and moonlight 

gleam, 
With all the trials of the day 
Washed like the marks of toil away. 

A place to prove the love of God, 
For in the bounty of the sod 
Amidst His own achievements rare 
He walks in quiet beauty through. 

And he who plants a garden knows 
That from the mellow tillage grows 
Not only what the eye can see. 
But proof of immortality. 

—By N. R. 

James Monroe— Fifth President of 
the United States. Born, Westmore- 
land County, Virginia, April 28, 1758. 
Served eight years. 

James Buchanan— Fifteenth Presi- 
dent. Born, Cove Gap, Pa., April 23, 
1791. Served four years. Pennsylva- 
nia's only President. His niece Har- 
riet Lane was one of the most gracious 
ladies that ever lived in the White 
House. 

U. S. Grant— Eighteenth President. 
Born, Point Pleasant, Ohio. Served 
eight years. Of Civil War fame. 

A SuooBSTF3> Home Economk s 

Program for April 

"April climbed the year's green hill 

And saw the summer coming; 

Starting flowers and singing birds 

And busy bees a-humming." 

— E. R. Morey. 



PAPER YOUR HOME 



Yon can paper the av- 
erage room with high- 
grade, artistic wall pa- 
per for at little as 90 
cents — by buying at 
lowest pricea. Send (or biff 

<re« catalog. Not the usual ■■ — 

•mall mail order catalog but a large book 
•homing icorea of artistic design* for eeil- 
ings and bordera aa well aa walls. Write today. 

PENN WALL PAPER MILLS 

DEFT. 109 PHILADELPHIA. PA. 




Song "When 

It's Springtime in the Rockies" 
Roll Call ....My favorite vege- 
table and how I liked it cooked 

Instrumental Solo "Spring 

Song," by Mendelsohn 

Paper Greens from field 

and meadow a better tonic 

than sulphur and molasses 
Recitation by Juvenile ...."My 
Food Garden" by Winifred 

Stuart Gibbs 
Round Table Discussion . .Many 
ways of preparing asparagus 

and rhubarb 

Vocal Solo "Spring 

Song of the Robin Woman" 
from the American Opera 

"Shanewis" by Cadman 

Debate Resolved — 

"That it is unwise to force 
children to eat foods they 

dislike" 

Instrumental Solo "Rustle 

of Spring" by Sindig 
Exchange of seeds, bulbs and plants 
Mrs. Charlotte Ruppin. 



Program presented at Brandywine 
Grange No. 60, Chester County, on 
Home Economics Night. 

Song "Home, Sweet Home" 

Influence of Music in the Home 
How best to utilize my long winter 

evenings for a better Home 
Violin Solo 

Demonstration . . . .Decorating a cake 
Talk by Supervisor of Home Econom- 
ics of Chester County 
Meals I cook in the oven to economize 

and save time 
Cornet Solo 

Debate Resolved, 

That the modern girl is a 
more efiicient home-maker 

than her grandmother 



The Bradford County Home Eco- 
nomics Committee gave a very de- 
lightful program at the February Po- 
mona Grange Meeting, which was 
held at Sheshequin. The Sheshequin 
4-H Girls demonstrated one of their 
regular club meetings. The meeting 
opened with a song by the members 
after which they gave their pledge. A 
short talk was given by each girl on 
the cutting and stitching of an apron. 

'J'hese girls voted to ask their moth- 
ers to their next meeting. 

After another song, the members 
voted to adjourn. 

These girls proved, through this 
demonstration, that they are not only 
going to be ready and willing but are 
going to be capable of making good 
Grangers. 

Following the demonstration, we 
were favored with a trumpet and vo- 
cal solo by two girls from Diahoga 
Grange. 

Mrs. Griswold, Member of Coun- 
ty Home Economics Committee. 



RECIPES 

Date Crumbles 



% 



cupful butter 
1 cupful sugar 
2V^ cupfuls rolled oats 
1 cupful flour 
1 teaspoonful soda 
1 teaspoonful salt 

Cream butter and sugar. Add other 
ingredients, mixing well. When very 



crumbly press half the quantity on a 
baking sheet. Spread the filling, cov- 
er with the rest of the crumbs, press- 
ing well into the filling. Bake in a 
slow oven (300 degrees Fahrenheit) 
about 30 minutes, browning for five 
minutes. Cut into squares at once 
and remove from pan when cold. 

Filling: Cut ^^ pound dates into 
small pieces. Add ^/^ cupful of milk, 
V2 cupful sugar, and one teaspoonful 
butter. Cook until thick and smooth. 



Helpful Hints 

To remove lumps and soften brown 
sugar, put in a slow oven. When sof- 
tened rub out all lumps and store in 
covered jar. 

Paint brushes are often thrown 
away as useless because they have 
been laid aside without being thor- 
oughly cleaned. These brushes may 



be renewed by boiling in vinegar to 
clean out the old paint. 

Try a sliced apple cooked with sau- 
erkraut and note the improvement. 

Lemons dropped in scalding water 
about one minute grate more easily. 

A quick way to chop nuts is to place 
them in a dry cloth and roll them 
with a rolling pin. 

Raisins will not stick to the food 
chopper if a little flour mixed with a 
few drops of lemon juice is put 
through the chopper with the fruit. 



Flower Exchange Night 

Spring is here — the most joyous 
time of the year. If you want gay 
flowers to smile at you and nod a gra- 
cious welcome to your guests, now is 
the time to make plans for them. 

Surely a green lawn, a few vines, 



iiiiiiiiiiiiMtiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiiiiiniiiiinMnMiMHiiniiiiMiiHiiiiniMMniiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiMiMiiiiMiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiMiiiiMiinii^ 




Beautifully 

Illustrated 
in Color 



10c Per 
Copy 



the new fashions on parad* 
LEARN^ 

all about the new fabrics 
TNOW- 
the importance of make-M 
cleverly used 
ENJOY- 

the Interesting editorials 
START- 
your gardei^ early with a 
well-planned layout 
SEW AND REAP- 
many new clothes si 
trifling expense 
All these and more— in the 
new Sprlnc Fashion Book, 
Just out. The 
price is !• 
cents per copy. 
Address your 
order to tht 
Fashion De- 
partment Send 
for your copy 
today. 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 
428 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



'""■■""■■■"■■■■'■'■"""■■■'■■■'■<i:"l>>>»l>l>* <'))*>><<>>>ll>llll>IIIIIMIIIIIHIIIHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMIIMIMIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMIIIIMIIIIirilMIIIIIIIIHIIiniimnilMllllt »*^ 



April» 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 11 



some flowers add to the beauty 
T"the farm home and make it more 
"nteresting and homelike. Rural 
homes need a lot of things but one 
that is all-important is beautification. 

Let's have a flower exchange night 

at Grange, when the sisters will bring 

eeds, flowers, or plants to exchange 

for something another sister may have 

jn abundance. 

We may not have much money to 
,pend but a few dollars and a little 
hard work will bring beauty, joy, and 
(rladness. Let Grangers cooperate for 
a more beautiful America. 



DEMAND FOR COOK 

BOOK CONTINUES 

The following letter is self explan- 
atory and indicates the wide popular- 
ity of Grange Cook Books : 
Mrs. Clara Phillips 
Washington, Pa._ 
Dear Mrs. Phillips: 

I had the pleasure of talking to Mr. 
Fred Brenckman in Washington the 
other day. 

Mr. Brenckman told me of that 
wonderful cook book which has done 
so much to raise funds for the build- 
ing of the college dormitory. 

I am enclosing my check for $2. I 
should very much appreciate it if you 
would send me two copies of this vol- 
ume. Many thanks. 

Sincerely yours, 
Lawrence Valen stein. 



Grange Life In- 
surance 

Impressive Gains 

Our Grange Life Insurance Com- 
pany, the Farmers and Traders, con- 
tinues its onward march. January 
and February production shows an in- 
crease of 71% over that of the same 
months of 1934, whereas the gains by 
all life companies during the same 
period, as reported up to March 1, was 
24%. 

A Human Institution Serving 
Human Needs 

The 20th annual report of the 
Farmers and Traders Life Insurance 
Company, of Syracuse, N. Y., recently 
released from the Home Office, is one 
in which we may well take pardonable 
pride. It records gains all along the 
line, in assets, surplus and insurance 
in force. Both assets and surplus 
stand today at a new high, reflecting 
skillful, conservative, and at the same 
tune progressive management. 

The Farmers and Traders looks for- 
ward to the coming year with confi- 
dence, and invites your consideration 
•^i it as a dependable repository for 
your life insurance coverage. 

10,000 New Members Goal for 1935 

l^ne membership campaign inaugu- 
rated by the Pennsylvania State 
'jrange, extending from April 1 to 
'September 30 inclusive, is arousing 
«jjde interest in Grange Circles. The 
objective is indeed an inspiring one. 
Uard well planned work, coupled with 
•enthusiasm and friendly cooperation 

^k- y^^^ ^^ °"^ Grange member- 
!!"P. will put it successfuUv across. 
^i^he apents of the Farmers and Trad- 
S\v ^^ ^^om are active members 
to P.range, consider it an honor 

participate in this important cam- 
\a^^v ^^^ ^^" P^ay well their part 
str \^"^ that the prestige and 

enjth of our great organization 
""ay be enhanced. 

tall^*^^-^ are like trees; they grow 
_/,j^*^ the passage of the years." 
'^'^''tM Uuxley. 



OVEE THE HILL 

By Old Man Kelly of Kelly's Hollow 

Over the hill to the i)oorhouse, 

I walk my weary way; 
I know the home is crowded, 

I hope they'll let me stay. 
Once I had lots of pleasure, 

I worked six days a week; 
Poverty then was a shadow, 

Hunger was simply Greek. 

My service was always wanted 

By neighbors, far and near, 
And business was always lively 

And life had lots of cheer. 
The crime of over-production 

Was never on the list 
And the kick of bad depression 

Was mild as foggy mist. 

One hundred cents made a dollar, 

In greenbacks or in gold, 
My friends were always cheery, 

Their glance was never cold. 
Life's highway was not rocky 

And money was not short 
And if a fellow fought a little 

He wasn't taken to court. 

There was no tax on fishing, 

No fine to shoot a coon. 
No fine to carry a shotgun, 

Or harvest a quart of "moon." 
And there were no regulations 

On what a man should drink 
And no damage suit was started 

When a fellow tried to think. 

Gone are the days of pleasure, 

Gone is the vigor of youth. 
Gone is the farmhouse to winter, 

This is simply the truth. 
Over the hill to the poorhouse, 

I hike my weary way, 
For my life is now December, 

Of course, I had my day. 



NATION'S HOG POPULATION 

SMALLEST IN YEARS 

With the nation's herd of hogs the 
smallest in some fifty years and with 
many brood sows and spring pigs in 
comparatively poor condition due to 
inferior quality grains and other fac- 
tors, it is important for every hog 
raiser to pay far more than ordinary 
attention to his feeding program dur- 
ing the coming few months. 

This is the statement of Dan Lewis, 
President of the Consolidated Prod- 
ucts Company, Danville, Illinois, man- 
ufacturers of Semi-Solid Buttermilk 
and other milk feeds for hogs, poultry, 
turkeys, etc. Mr. Lewis further 
pointed out that, with hogs selling at 
nearly twice last year's figure, it will 
be distinctly profitable to **get the most 
out of every pig and every hog" by 
means of carefully planned and intelli- 
gent feeding methods that will produce 
the greatest gains and cut down dis- 
ease losses and that will, at the same 
time, be economical. 

"The latest figures to come to our 
attention show that the nation's hog 
population this year is only about 
37,000,000 compared to 57,000,000 a 
year ago and 61,000,000 two years ago," 
Mr. Lewis said. "Reports which we 
have received from our many localized 
plants and dealers throughout the 
country further show that brood sows, 
generally speaking, not only are 
smaller in number but are in poor 
condition, and that spring pigs are 
low in vitality as a result. 



"Every person has his special rich- 
ness of personality, his secret treasure 
accumulated during a whole lifetime." 
— Andre Maurous. 



GRANGE BACXS THE PROPOSAL 

The National Grange is giving its 
support to the amendment offered to 
the farm credit bill by Senator Wheel- 
er of Montana, reducing interest rates 
on farm mortgages held by the Fed- 
eral Land Banks from 4y2 to 3^2 per 
cent. It is understood that this re- 
duction shall be effective during the 
ensuing three years. 

The Wheeler amendment was incor- 
porated in the bill on the floor of the 
Senate by a vote of 43 to 39. The 
forces working for reduced interest 
rates for the farmers will endeavor to 
secure the adoption of the Wheeler 
amendment in the House. 

In connection with its refunding 
operations, the Treasury Department 
during 1934 offered three long-term 
bond issues carrying interest rates of 
from 3 to 3^/4 per cent. These Treas- 
ury offerings were quickly taken by 



the bankers of the country and some 
of them were oversubscribed several 
times. 

The banks at the present time are 
bulging with idle money which is 
seeking safe investment. With the 
government standing behind farm 
loan bonds to the extent that it does 
under prevailing conditions, the 
Grange contends that lower interest 
rates on farm mortgages are war- 
ranted and justified. 



During the last week of February, 
wholesale commodity prices reached 
an average of 79.6 per cent of the 
1926 level. 



A new peak in Grange organization 
has been reached since January 1st — 
it's the fraternity that goes and grows. 



Sweet is pleasure after pain. 



OUR FASfllON AND PATTERN DEPARTMENT 

All patterns 15 cents in stamps or coin (coin preferred). 

-rr 



Slabs and markers erected on graves 
of Kentucky pioneers at Harrodsburg 
are still decipherable. 




Our Spring Fashion Magazine is 15 cents a copy, but may be obtained for 10 cents 
when ordered same time as pattern. 



2968 — Smart Home F'rock. Designed for 
sizes IG. 18 years; 36. 38, 40, 42 
and 44 inchrs bust. Size 36 re- 
quires 3 Vj yards of 35-lnch ma- 
terial with % yard of 35-lnch con- 
trasting and Ivi yards of binding. 

2988 — .New Capelet Shoulders. Designed for 
sizes 14, 16, 18 years; 36, 38, 40 
and 42 inches bust. Size 36 re- 
quires 2% yards of 35-lnch ma- 
terial with % yard of 35-lnch con- 
trasting. 

2988 Soft Tailored Simplicity. Designed for 
sizes 16, 18 years; 36, 38, 40 and 



42 inches bust. Size 36 requires 
3 yards of 35-lnch material with 
% yard of 35-lnch contrasting. 

2998 — Flattering Model. Designed for sizM 
16, IS years; 36, 38, 40 and 42 
Inches bust. Size 36 requires 2% 
yards of 35-lnch material with 2^ 
yards of binding and % yard of 
35-lnch contrasting. 

8038 — For Dainty Daughter. Designed for 
sizes 2. 4 and 6 years. Size 4 re- 
quires 1 Vi yards of 35-lnch ma- 
terial with 5 yards of 2-lnch rib- 
bon. 



Address, giving number and size: 

PATTERN DEPARTMENT, GRANGE NEWS 
428 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 12 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1935 



Our Juvenile Granges 

Mrs. Elizabeth Starkey, Mansfield 



Juvenile Deputies and Patrons: 

In attending the regional confer- 
ences during two weeks in March, I 
have found some very amazing things. 
I am wondering if Patrons every- 
where are beginning to realize the 
importance of the Juvenile Grange in 
our Order. Because we know that the 
future of our Grange and nation de- 
pends upon the trustworthiness and 
honor of our boys and girls, we wisely 
plan for their welfare and seek to in- 
still into their minds the highest 
ideals. 

Our Grange is one of the few 
groups that is taking practical steps 
to enlist American youth in worth- 
while directions before life's habits 
are formed, rather than afterwards; 
to open up, even to little folks, chan- 
nels of interest, through actual partic- 
ipation in projects and undertakings 
no less definite than those in which 
their elders engage. 

The Juvenile Granges, in their en- 
tire procedure, strike at the very heart 
of child life and interest — they give 
him something to do and help him to 
do it well. Eliminate the Juvenile 
department of the Grange and we de- 
stroy one of the most vital founda- 
tions of the structure; continue to 
build Juvenile Granges and the Order 
gains in strength and heads toward 
assured permanence. 

Few people realize how the wave of 
Juvenile interest is sweeping across 
the country, nor the mighty influence 
for good that is thereby being created. 
Future Grange success will amply at- 
test it, as the boys and girls now in 
the Juvenile ranks shall take their 
places of responsibility — not only in 
the Grange but in positions of public 
leadership. If we can double our Ju- 
venile Department in the next five 
years, it will be one of the greatest 
Grange contributions to all that is 
best in American living. 

The above paragraphs were taken 
from an article written for the new 
Juvenile Handbook by Brother 
Charles M. Gardner, High Priest of 
Demeter. If our highest officials see 
the Juvenile Grange in this way there 



is just one thing for us to do, — edu- 
cate our own Granges to the extent 
that we have one of the greatest Ju- 
venile organization periods known. 

Masters and Patrons, also Juvenile 
Deputies, this means we of Pennsyl- 
vania must count on you. I know we 
can make greater gains than in any 
past year and I know if we all work 
together, it can and will be done. 



The annual Lecturers' Short Course 
is to be held in State College, April 
17, 18 and 19. As usual special work 
is being arranged for the Juvenile 
Matron and I hope many will avail 
themselves of this opportunity to get 
information along this line of work. 
I sincerely trust every Pomona will 
include the Matron in their financial 
assistance and I personally hope we 
may have many more present than at 
any previous conference. Elsewhere 
in this issue you will find the program 
and expenses. Matrons find some way 
to finance your attendance at this 
spring conference. 



April is the month when we begin 
to plan our gardens. Is your Grange 
planning to have a flower or vegetable 
show next fall 'i If so, you must make 
your plans now for it is nearly time 
to plant some kinds of seed. I recently 
heard of a Subordinate Grange that 
was purchasing the seed for the Ju- 
veniles for such a contest. That is a 
fine idea for we need just such coop- 
eration between our organizations. I 
surely hope that Grange will be re- 
paid for their part and I know they 
will. 

Many good suggestions for garden 
programs can be found in your farm 
magazines. 



I have a very interesting bit of 
news handed me while on the regional 
conference tour. I sincerely hope oth- 
er Granges will send me news, too. 

"The South Buffalo Juvenile 
Grange, with the following officers. 
Master, Warren Hill; Secretary, 
Homer Otterman ; and Matron, Mrs. 
Ralph E. Beale, report these projects. 

"They made a farmstead, with 
house, barn, garage, pig pen, animals 
and all, using it for an exhibit. 

The girls are now making curtains 
for their dining room and the boys 
are keeping the kindling wood ready 
for each Grange meeting. They have 
bought and had a sign put on the 
Grange Hall, also purchased a basket 
grate for their open fireplace. 

Their project for this spring is the 
study of wood and trees and many 
interesting field trips are being 
planned. 

Any Juvenile Grange can find many 
things such as these to do and thus 
make their work worth while. 



Kecently visiting a Subordinate 
Grange, I was pleased to note that 
they were assisting their Juvenile 
Grange. They voted that night to pay 
the annual dues in their Grange for 
the Matron and her Assistant. I be- 
lieve that would help solve part of 
our problem of getting a Matron. I 
hope other Granges will also show 
their appreciation of the service ren- 
dered by their Juvenile Matron. 



Any Matrons or Juvenile State or 
Pomona Deputies who have not re- 
ceived the new Juvenile Handbook 
from National Superintendent Susan 
Freestone, please communicate with 
her at once. Address Interlaken, 
N. Y. 



Mother's Day will soon be here. 
This can be made the subject of a fine 
Juvenile Lecture program. Invite 
your mothers to your meeting and 
have a tea, also arranging a program 
around the subject, "Mother's Day." 
A brief suggestion is here given. You 
may add more to this. 

Song, "Home, Sweet Home." 
Roll Call, What I Am Doing to 
Help Mother. 

Paper, History of Mother's Day. 
Recitation, "Somebody's Mother." 
Paper, Mothers of Famous Men. 
Song, "Those Songs Mv Mother 
Used to Sing." 

Reading, "A Flower for Mother." 
Many additional recitations and 
songs can be added. Send your pro- 
gram in to me. 



EXTRAORDINARY SPRING SALE!!! 

SPECIAL DISCOUNT 

from Regular Low Factory Prices of 

INGERSOLL PAINTS 

Officially endorsed by the National Grange in 1 874 and in 
continuous use by Members of the Order ever since. 

Manufactured by us in all colors for all purposes and sold only 

DIRECT to YOU at FACTORY PRICES 

in accordance with ARTICLE 4, Declaration of Purposes, P. of H. 

This is your opportunity to secure strictly best quality INGERSOLL PAINT 
SUPERIOR DURABILITY PROVED by NEARLY A CENTURY'S USE* 

at an EXTRA CASH SAVING. 

FREE— WRITE TODAY for Ingersoll Paint Book. Sample Color Card. 

PREPAID FREIGHT OFFER and SPECIAL DISCOUNT COUPON. 

PATRONS' PAINT WORKS, Inc. 

Th* Oldmat RmadyMixmd Paint Factory in Ammrica. E»tabli»hed in 1842 

234 PLYMOUTH STREET BROOKLYN, NEW YORK 

THE EDITOR of this paper recommends INGERSOLL PAINTS 



Patrons^ Forum 

Articles not over 400 words, properly 
«gned will be accepted. Rights are re- 
lerved to reject articles not suitable. 
Grange News is not responsible for any 
opinions expressed in these columns. 



FARMER AND HIS CREDIT 

In 1913, the old and tried system of 
banking was abandoned. That year 
the Federal Reserve Act was passed 
by Congress. It provided for estab- 
lishing twelve great central banks to 
be owned and managed by the banks 
themselves with oversight and regu- 
lation by a Board appointed by the 
President. Each local bank had to 
contribute its share of the capital, 
and deposit its reserve funds with one 
of these central institutions. The law 
gave the Federal Board and these 
central banks wide powers ; they were 
given the exclusive right to issue and 
regulate the flow of currency which 
power naturally tgok with it the con- 
trol of credits. Thus, banking power 
was centralized into the hands of a 
few. This new privately-owned colos- 
sus of finance soon was able to say, in 
effect, to the homo-town banker; — 
"We vvill in the future dictate your 
banking policy; we will take over 
your local payroll industries, close 
your factories, and produce their out- 
put in our mass-production plants 
with cheaper labor; we will use your 



capital in Financing Big Business 
which can produce more economically' 
we will give you its bonds for yo^J 
bank's capital and reserves." 

The World War came to test the 
power and facilities of the new system 
of making credit-money for emer- 
gency; billions of this kind was 
emitted; we joined in the war, for 
then the new fi^nance system had been 
tried and found not wanting; there 
seemed to be no limit for expansion 
of credit, — and the credit money. It 
was forced upon the farmer to force 
him to produce. "Food, Food, — food 
alone would win the war" — was the 
slogan dinned into the ears of everv 
farmer and livestock man in the land, 
They heard and they heeded; they 
went deeply into their job, — and into 
debt, — and they won the war. From 
the war the Industrialists came out. 
multimillionaires and billionaires 
the farmers came out bankrupt; they 
were made bankrupt by the Federal 
Reserve Board and banks forcing 
liquidation of their war-made debts,— 
the very debts they were induced to 
assume in the name of Patriotism. 

The terrible panic which followed 
the order for drastic deflation of war- 
made credits is still fresh in the 
minds of most farmers; the wreckage 
which strewed the wheat and cattlp 
raising sections of the west was a pa- 
thetic spectacle; the hundreds of 
broken banks was as uncallcl for, as 
it was a national scandal, or as the 
broken farm homes, proved to be, a 
national calamity. All was the fore- 
runner of our so-called Depression. 
After a glance backward over the pe 
riod of Federal Reserve experiments 
one might reasonably guess that, if 
we had not had the giant concentra- 
tion system of capital, we would not 
have joined in the W^orld War, for 
otherwise we could not have financed 
it; and to lose fifty billions from it> 
cost, with another fifteen billions froDi 
loans to the allies. But this is now 
water over the dam; with our 10 or 
12 billion of gold and silver coin and 
bullion in the National Treasury, 
strenuous efforts are being made to 
find some way to meet our 250 bil- 
lions of Federal and other kinds of 
debts. It is a discouraging outlook 
for the taxpayer, but we may be sure 
that the hundred and twenty million 
Americans will find a way, and keep 
the olde-st flag flying. M. I. M. 



PEACE VERSUS MILITARISM 

The story of the world-wide traffic in 
arms and munitions carried on for 
private profit regardless of national 
boundary lines — as exposed by Senator 
Nye's Committee in Washington has 
shocked the whole world. Demands for 
similar investigations have come from 
different countries. In England over 
.'],0(K),000 persons in a poll on peace 
and war have definitely signified their 
disapproval of war and their wish for 
a similar investigation. More and 
more the belief is spreading that citi- 
zens of various nations do not want 
war — but that the war fever is pur- 
posely developed by great corporation? 
for the special purpose of increasing 
their sales of steel guns, powder, air- 
planes, uniforms, poison gas, chemi- 
cals, etc., etc. 

Is not this one explanation of v^^ 
headlines on prospects of war whicn 
we see spread over our daily newspS' 
pers ? 

How nuich do the war industries ot 
Pennsylvania influence the type of le? 
islation passed in Ilarrisburg? 

In the present session of legislat^'^^ 
a flood of bills has been introduce<l 
definitely in opposition to everythij'^ 
resembling friendship and peace h^' 
tween all nations and all people 
Some of them are very misleading 



Apn^ 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 13 



Only by careful reading of the whole 
bill does one see the full significance. 
So far not a single bill has been intro- 
duced with a tendency in the direction 
of peace except one to control lynching 
and two concerning civil rights and 
equal opportunities for all peoples re- 
gardless of race or color. 
Here are samples of what is going 

Requesting up to $300,000 for med- 
als for those who sevred in Spanish 
American and World War. 

Requesting $50,000 for new State 
Armory near Hollidaysburg. 

Requesting the organization of two 
new battalions of colored troops to 
National Guard. 

Laying plans for another $50,000,000 
bond issue for soldiers' bonus. 

Requesting $90,000 for the student 
scholarships in a private military 

school. 

Requesting $300,000 for additional 
acreage and new equipment for the 
State Military Reservation at Indian- 
town Gap. 

Providing that all veteran posts and 
camps be exempt from taxation and 
giving preference to veterans in state 
employment. 

Requiring all teachers to take an 
oath of allegiance to the constitution. 

Urging the adoption of military 
training in Pennsylvania colleges and 
universities and the suppression of 
pacifist teaching. 

Making those who refuse military 
training and those with conscientious 
objections to war ineligible to hold any 
public office in Pennsylvania. 

These matters are of serious conse- 
quence to every man, woman and child 
in the state. Often the legislator has 
sponsored a bill as a favor to some of 
his friends without realizing how far- 
reaching it may be and how contrary 
to the original intentions of the 
founder of this commonwealth is 
planning for peace and goodwill to- 
wards all people. 

"The Worthy Master of the State 
Grange in his annual message at Her- 
shey said, 'The subject of peace is and 
should be among the foremost thoughts 
in the minds of the people, but the 
plans for peace differ. Some claim 
that the best way is preparedness, oth- 
ers claim disarmament, but when we 
realize that out of every dollar Uncle 
Sam receives, he spends more than 
*5 cents for wars — past, present and 
future — I am inclined to think that 
wars are an expensive way of main- 
tamiiig peace and that we need a more 
effective way than bv sword or gun- 
powder.' " The National Grange fa- 
vors "conscription of wealth, as well 
as of men, by the Governments in the 
event of war in which the United 
States is involved." 

ErjvRN Starr Brinton, 
1924 Chestnut Street, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

PERSONAL LIBERTY 

A well-known columnist of a large 
Jaily is as "Wet" as the Atlantic 
^cean, and almost boasts of it. He 
writes of the curses upon the human 
jace and foremost of these is the "at- 
l^nipt to fix the metes and bounds of 
^^aividual conduct." Then he must 
scrap most of the Ten Command- 
"^ents, as several of them undoubtedly 
elate to human conduct. Ask a man 
^i nis calibre point blank about "per- 
gonal iberty" and he would be sure to 
Ti k J ,^^' on the bround that it was 
nobody s business what he did person- 

suh" ^^^ ^^ " typical case on this 
f^Jpct and how it works out to a con- 
tusion. 

niin '^^^ drinker opens a saloon in a 

and fi^ ^*^^^"" ^^^ drinks excessively 

miH J ^^^"^ ffoes insane and is com- 

*^^ea to a State institution for the 



insane. Here is where Mr. John Pub- 
lic comes into the picture. These in- 
stitutions are built and operated 
through taxes, and Mr. Public is made 
to pay his share. The mother passes 
away about the same time, leaving five 
young children. Our Reformed 
Church Orphanage admits three, and 
another denomination admits the oth- 
er two. Then here is where we as 
members of our beloved church comes 
into the picture again: first as tax- 
payer to help keep the father, then to 
help the children, and give them a 
Christian foundation, opportunities 
which were denied them by the father, 
due to his habits of life. 

One of the sons, moreover, has a 
very bad facial defect, which most 
physicians would say (without any 
previous knowledge of the case) would 
disappear when he was in his 'teens. 
But such is not the case. I am re- 
liably informed either one or two of 
the others are slightly affected the 
same way. Is it stretching the imag- 
ination too far to venture the belief 
that the father's drunken condition 
around the time these children were 
born may be responsible for this phys- 
ical defect? Surely we as members of 
the Christian Church are not unmind- 
ful of the warning about "visiting the 
iniquity of the fathers upon the chil- 
dren, unto the third and fourth gen- 
eration of them that hate me." We 
who are past middle life have surely 
drawn conclusions about this Mosaic 
truth. 

Surely we need to pray, "Lord, how 
long will we as Christians and Ameri- 
can citizens be subject to the tyran- 
nous rule of this infamous traffic?'' 

My parting though is this: If, mind 
you, if the Christian Church had 
stood squarely for Prohibition and its 
real enforcement we would not have 
the "Wet mess" we are in today. 
H.\RRY L. Detwiler, 
Phoenixville, Pa. 



RECOVERY 

By John Shoener 

After explaining the progress that 
has been made since I entered the 
State Board of Agriculture 25 years 
ago I continued "I wish that was the 
whole story. In this great country 
with its bountiful resources, its broad 
acres of fertile soil, its giant manu- 
facturing plants, its skilled men to 
produce everything essential to our 
comfort, contentment, and happiness, 
there is but one reason for poverty 
and want. That is an economical 
system that has been brought down 
to us through the ages which has 
caused the destruction of every great 
nation of the past. An economical 
system that does not belong to this 
age of civilization and enlightenment. 

Perhaps our system of education is 
at fault, from the home, the kinder- 
garden, all the way through the high- 
est universities the theory has been 
taught that the value of education 
lies in the advantage to accumulate 
wealth. In all my school days, I have 
never had a lesson on "How to pro- 
duce wealth. Every boy and girl 
looked ahead for a position at a high- 
er salary than they could otherwise 
earn without ever dreaming that some 
one must produce at hard labor the 
wealth out of which that higher salary 
must be paid. So long as the vast 
majority of the people were engaged 
in some pusuit of the production of 
wealth, it worked. A place was found 
for all of them, enough wealth was 
produced to pay them all a fair salary. 

But we have gone through a period 
of ruthless waste and destruction. A 
period of greed and graft, that has 
centralized the wealth of the nation 
into the hands of a few men, which 



brought about the greatest crisis ever 
known in this country. With ten mil- 
lion former wealth producers now idle 
for the last five years and the annual 
wealth produced by agriculture re- 
duced from the normal ten billion dol- 
lars to five billion and the number of 
educated young men and women con- 
tinually increasing the situation has 
changed. High salaried positions at 
the expense of the wealth producer no 
longer exist for all of them and never 

again will I do not wish to leave 

the impression that I am opposed to 
education or that I would in any way 
discourage it. There is still room on 
top. There are very perplexing prob- 
lems confronting us that will require 
more wisdom than apparently now 
exists, but the motto of education 
should be reversed. Youth should no 
longer be taught that education is an 
easy road to wealth at the expense of 
the wealth producer but a prepara- 
tion for real service 

We are now in the sixth year of the 
depression. Had I been called upon 
to make this address a month ago I 
probably would have said, "our great 
leader a new Moses has led us out of 
the hands of bondage and that we are 
now wandering in the 'wilderness wor- 
shiping the gold calf and at the rate 
we were going we would be wandering 
for forty years as the Isrealites of old 
and a new generation would be born 
and raised up before the promised 
land would be reached." From the 
attitude the President has since taken 
that big business must not be inter- 
fered with, I am not so sure that we 
are even out of the land of Egypt, the 
Red Sea still lays before us with the 
grip of the Pharaohs strong upon us. 

Notwithstanding the fact that the 
government spent billions of dollars 
for unnecessary public improvements 
to give work to the unemployed, the 
report comes out that there are a mil- 
lion more unemployed and five million 
more on relief rolls. 

Wealth produced dropped from 85 
billion dollars to 41 billion, yet there 
were 46 persons that reported a net 
income of over 100 million dollars. 
One person reported 500 million, one 

400 million, one 300 million The 

three highest had an income that 
would have paid the present salary of 
the President of the U. S. for 12,000 

years The 40 had an income of 

at least 5 billion dollars. The most 
favored million another 5 billion. The 
nation's tax bill was 15 billion and the 
interest bill 10 billion, leaving 6 bil- 
lion to be divided up among the re- 
maining 124 million of our people. 

National wealth decreased from 

360 billion to 216 billion. Nation's 
debt increased from 230 billion to 250 
billion exceeding our national wealth 
by 34 billion dollars. 

This does not show that much prog- 
ress has been made in locating the 
road that leads towards recovery. So 
long that the government is issuing 
interest bearing bonds for the benefit 
of bankers and coupon clippers, there 
is no sign that the money changers 
will be driven out of the temple. 
Every government bond is a mortgage 
on the future earning power of the 
American people, and must be paid 
with interest out of future wealth 
produced. The interest on the nation- 
al debt alone is now double what the 
total cost of government was 25 years 
ago. 

The four billion dollars the Presi- 
dent has asked for to provide work to 
the 18 million now on relief rolls on 
more public improvements, will again 
be in the hands of the same money 
lenders as soon as it is spent and in- 
dustry will be no more in a position 
to employ them than it now is. I do 
not wish to be understood as criticiz- 



ing the plan to give work to the unem- 
ployed. It is better than dole, but I 
do say that the road to recovery does 
not lay in that direction. 

Recovery does not rest in the ex- 
penditure of huge heretofore unheard 
of sums of money, mounting the na- 
tional debt for useless public improve- 
ments; in millions feeding at the 
public trough and tens of millions 
pasturing on the public domain; nor 
in the curtailment of production of 
wealth. Neither will high wages, high 
prices, high profits increase consump- 
tion and give employment to men in 
the production of commodities 

Let me again emphasize the fact 
that until the farmers can buy the 
products of industry on a more equal 
basis there is no recovery. Recovery 
lies in the production and the equita- 
ble distribution of goods. If the farm- 
ers could exchange their products for 
the products of industry so badly 
needed to repair their buildings, re- 
plenish their equipment, and the 
things they need for their homes and 
families on an equal par it would 
open up every idle essential factory 
and industry could employ all of the 
idle millions for years to come 

I do not wish to leave the impres- 
sion that there is no recovery. I still 
have faith in the wisdom of the Amer- 
ican people to solve the very perplex- 
ing problems confronting us. But the 
sooner the men in authority of gov- 
ernment will realize that the end of 
our ancient greedy capitalistic system 
has been reached the sooner will there 
be signs of recovery. The huge debt 
has to be wiped out and the parasites 
that are devouring the greater part of 
the wealth produced eliminated before 
any progress can be made. We had a 
period of great prosperity. We had a 
great frolic for a short season of fif- 
teen years. Men like Charles Swab 
and John J. Raskob told us that the 
days of want and poverty were past 
and great prosperity would abide with 
us for ever. We failed to heed the 
warning given many years before the 
Christian Era, "Knowest thou not this 
of old," it was old then already, ''since 
man was placed upon the earth, that 
the triumphing of the wicked is short, 
and the joy of the hypocrite but for a 
moment." If the present generation 
could not pay its way through the pe- 
riod of greatest prosperity ever known, 
how can the next generation supply its 
own wants, which will be greater than 
ours, and pay the former generations* 
debts from the wealth they can pro- 
duce after all the known resources 
have been exploited ? . . . 

Whether we are aware of the fact or 
not the end of another epoch has been 
reached. We had reached the top in 
1914. 

All of a sudden a great crash came 
which hurled us down on the other 
side. We have been sliding now for 
five years and the end is not yet in 
sight. So long as the government con- 
tinues to issue interest-bearing bonds, 
giving the money sharks greater and 
greater strongholds on the throats of 
the people, mortgaging the future for 
generations to come, grabbing all the 
wealth produced by the people, so long 
will we be sinking until the very bot- 
tom will be reached when no more 
bonds can be issued. 

John Shoener. 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 

OF EVERY DESCRIPTION 
Thm Rmeognixmd Standard Evmrywhmrm 

REGAUA - BADGES - EMBLEMS 

Took. FUs«. Labor Saring Book* 

S^nti for Catalogue 

C. J. BAINBRIDGE. STtACUSF N T. 



I 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 14 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1935 



The Chaplain^ s Meditation 

Rev. Koss M. Haverfield, Monongahela, Pa. 



I. "FAITH IN GOD" 

Faith in God is an essential char- 
acteristic of every good Patron of 
Husbandry ; it is the foundation of all 
normal human relationships; it satis- 
fies the instinctive longing of the soul. 
Faith in the supernatural is a univer- 
sal recognition of man's utter futility 
and helplessness without God. 

The Bible defines "Faith" in these 
familiar words: ''Now faith is assur- 
ance of things hoped for, a conviction 
of things not seen." (Hebrews 11 : 1.) 
In the midst of our present uncertain- 
ty how desperately 've need the "as- 
surance of things hoped for!" With 
many temporal conditions to create 
confusion and to foster doubts in the 
human heart, how we long for the 
"conviction of things not seen !" 

Faith in God makes it possible for 
us to rise above our disappointments, 
our sorrows, and our disillusionments, 
and to press on toward ultimate vic- 
tory. Too long we have been relying 
on man-made organizations, or politi- 
cal parties, or civil law to uplift hu- 
man society and to redeem mankind 
from self-destruction. Let us return 
to our God, and reestablish our faith 
in Him who is the Rock of Ages. 

"To-day attend His voice, 
Nor dare provoke His rod; 
Come, like the people of His choice, 
And own your gracious God." 




Rev. R. M. Haverfieu) 

THE CHAPLAIN'S 

MONTHLY MEDITATIONS 

Beginning with this issue, our new 
State Chaplain, Rev. Ross M. Haver- 
field, will prepare an interesting and 
helpful "Meditation" each month. In- 
asmuch as Gr.\N(}E News goes into 
every grange home in Pennsylvania, 
the Chaplain's articles will become a 
means of direct contact with him and 
will create a new tie of fraternal in- 
terest. 

The Chaplain is now the pastor of 
the First Presbyterian Church of 
Monongahela, Pa., in Washington 
County, and is a member of Ginger 
Hill Grange No. 1549. The church he 
now serves was organized in 1785 and 
has at present a membership of over 
eight hundred, and a church school 
with an enrollment of over five hun- 
dred. He had served the Westfield 
Presbyterian Church in Lawrence Co. 
for nine years. This was his first 
pjirisli, and is located in the midst of 
an active (rrange comnninity. While 
at the Westfield Church, Mr. Haver- 
field was an active member of the 
Wastfield Grange No. 1514, and served 
a number of years as the Chaplain of 



Lawrence County Pomona Grange, of 
which our State Master J. A. Boak is 
a Past-Master. 

Our Chaplain's interest in Grange 
work goes back to his boyhood days, 
however, when he first united with the 
Grange as a charter member of the 
Cassville Grange in Harrison County, 
Ohio, while he was still living at home 
on his father's farm. As a farmer's 
son, and later a rural minister, Mr. 
Haverfield well represents the Patrons 
of Husbandry and is profoundly in- 
terested in their moral, civic, and 
spiritual welfare. 



THOMPSON'S SOLE 

AIM WAS "CONTROL" 

Dean A. Marshall Thompson, only 
Democratic member of the State Liq- 
uor Control Board, again on March 
19th, the chief witness before the 
House Liquor System Investigating 
Committee, pointed out that there had 
been a conflict between the liquor acts 
and the appropriation acts of the spe- 
cial legislative session of 1933. 

The appropriation acts provided 
$40,000,000 for various purposes, "a 
fantastic figure," as he puts it, while 
the liquor control laws carried with 



them the idea of promotion of temper- 
ance in drinking and the setting of a 
system to prevent unlimited liquor 
sales. 

It is the intention of the board to 
make a profit, he replied to questions 
from William A. Gray, chief counsel 
for the committee, "but not to press 
business, to advertise as a department 
store would." 

A dry and a man who voted against 
repeal, Thompson told the committee 
that he believed he could be of benefit 
on the board when he accepted Gover- 
nor Pinchot's appointment. The pro- 
motion of temperance carried in the 
control laws, he said, were at variance 
with the amounts of the expected first 
year's profits which amounted to only 
$5,500,000. 

"I would not think of serving on the 
board for a minute if its real purpose 
were not to control the sale of liquor 
in the State," he said. 



principal burden of this tax would fall 
on the middle and laboring classes and 
they are overloaded at present. lu. 
stead of a sales tax why not adopt a 
graduated income tax? 



EASTERTIDE 



SALES TAX 



A rumor is having more or less cir- 
culation that the Grange Organization 
has become favorable to the adoption 
of a general retail sales tax. Both the 
Pennsylvania State Grange and the 
National Grange have always opposed 
this tax. Their position on it has 
never changed. It has been the belief 
of the Grange membership that the 



Our conquering Ix)rd is risen. 'Twas 

He 
Whom sinners once nailed to the tree 
'Twas there that He, God's sinless Son 
Suffered for crimes which I have done 

And thus He died in shame. That we 
Might from our many sins be free. 
And ever worship and adore 
Our risen Master more and more. 

The grave was powerless to retain 
Christ who was free from sin's vile 

stain. 
Our Master banished death's dread 

sting, 
Henceforth He is both Lord and King, 

Let Heaven and earth His love pro- 
claim 
And joy in honoring His name 
So let us keep bright Eastertide 
Worshiping Him who for us died. 

— D. Lutes J Ide. 



The right kind of woman will 
either make some man a good wife or 
him a good husband. 



FARMER TO BENEFIT 

IN HOUSING PROGRAM 



Home and Outbuildingrs Eligrible for 
Improvement Loans Under Mod- 
ernization Program 

Persons who live in towns and vil- 
lages and on farms should benefit as 
much as residents of the city from the 
Better Housing Program fostered by 
the Federal Housing Administration. 

"Success of the program will de- 
pend fully as much upon the response 



and cooperation of the farmer and the 
citizen of the small community as 
upon those who live in metropolitan 
areas," according to statements made 
at a meeting of representatives held in 
Harrisburg recently. 

The need on the farm for repairs, 
alterations and improvements is as 
great as that in the city, according to 
a recent Farm Housing Survey of the 
Department of Agriculture. 

Through the Better Housing Pro- 
gram, the United States Government 



offers the farmer as well as the city 
resident cooperation in bringing his 
home up to modern American living 
standards, and his barns and other 
buildings up to the requirement of 
modern efficiency. 

No money is loaned directly by the 
Government. The money is simply 
made available as "character loans" 
through approved lending agencies. 
These are insured against loss by the 
Federal Housing Administration up 
to 20 per cent of the total amount ad- 
vanced. 




You wouldn't know 
that the modern farm- 
house above once was in 
the run-down condition 
shown at the right. 
These photographs il- 
lustrate what money 
wisely spent on mod- 
ernizing will do to re- 
store property values. 
And money for this 
work is now available 
in your locality. 



Apnlf 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 15 



REPORT FARM PRICES 

HIGHEST SINCE 1931 

» The index of prices paid Pennsyl- 
vania farmers for important products 
increased six points between January 
15th and February 15th, thereby 
reaching the highest level since 1931, 
according to the Federal-State Crop 
Reporting Service. 

The continuation of the sharp up- 
ward trend in livestock prices was the 
most outstanding feature of the month 



Commodity 

Wheat per bu 

Corn per bu 

Oats per bu 

Barley per bu 

Rye per bu 

Buckwheat per bu 

Potatoes per bu 

Hay per ton 

Apples per bu 

Hogs per 100 lbs 

Beef cattle per 100 lbs. . . 
Veal calves per 100 lbs. . . 

Sheep per 100 lbs 

Lambs per 100 lbs 

Milk cows per head 

Horses per head 

Muies per head 

Chickens per lb 

Turkeys per lb 

Milk per 100 lbs 

Butter per lb 

Butterfat per lb 

Eggs per doz 

Wool per lb 



in the farm price situation. The in- 
dex of prices received by farmers for 
meat animals jumped from 85 to 101 
during the 31-day period. Price in- 
creases during the month based upon 
100 pounds were : Hogs, 90 cents ; beef 
cattle, $1.20; veal calves, $1.10; sheep, 
40 cents; and lambs 60 cents. The 
value of milk cows increased $4.00 per 
head and horses $5.00 per head. 

The February 15th average prices 
with January and pre-war compari- 
sons, follow : 




Feb. 
1910-'U 

$.99 

.68 

.47 

.69 

.78 

.68 

.74 
16.41 

.83 
7.96 
5.92 
8.04 
4.64 
6.32 
50.44 
167.80 



Jan. 
19S5 

$.95 
.84 
.55 
.72 
.73 
.55 
.41 
14.80 



1 

7 
5 
6 
3 



,00 
.00 
.20 
.70 
.50 



.129 



FARM PRICE INDEX UNITED STATES 

Grain 

Fruits and vegetables 

Meat animals 

Dairy products 

Chickens and eggs 

Unclassified 

PENNSYLVANIA 

Grain 

Fruits and vegetables 

Meat animals 

Dairy products 

Chicken and eggs 

Unclassified 

PRICES FARMERS PAY 

FARMERS' PURCHASING POWER 

United States 

Pennsvlvania 



1.77 
.32 

".'278 
.232 

Pre-War 
Base 

100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 

• 

100 
100 



6.50 

48.00 

129.00 

131.00 

.147 

.23 

1.95 

.29 

.31 

.280 

.23 



107 

115 

87 

96 

112 

114 

111 

101 

101 

73 

85 

115 

110 

92 

126 

85 
80 



Feb. 
19S5 

$.95 

.83 

.55 

.72 

.72 

.57 

.40 

14.90 

1.05 

7.90 

6.40 

7.80 

3.90 

7.10 

52.00 

134.00 

134.00 

.158 

.23 

2.00 

.33 

.35 

.291 

.23 



111 
114 

90 
105 
121 
119 
101 
107 
101 

74 
101 
120 
115 

93 
127 



87 
84 



Buttermilk has the same food value 
as skimmilk, but it is more easily di- 
gested by some persons. 

The wise mother teaches her child 
to think of candv as a dessert. 



"WEST VIRGINIA 



»» 



FOR SALE 

Registered Jersey Cattle, and Chester 
^ite Swine. Our dairy herd is headed 
hy the sire of the Grand Champion Cow 
of the 1935 Farm Show, and twenty of 
his daughters. 

J. A. BoAK & Sons 
New Castle, Pa. 



AGRICULTURAL LIME 

Flour Fine - Kiln Treated - Quick Acting 

For full information and nea LO IV prices lorile: 

WEST VIRGINIA LIME COMPANY. ROANOKE. VA. 
(Plant: Chcrlts Town, W. V«. on B * O R R) 



Certified Seed Potatoes 

Grown in region of short season and cool 
climate. Seed that has made a reputation. 

PAUL R. SMITH 
ULYSSES PENNA. 



CORN 



**WA tons silage per acre from 
Lancaster County 'Sure Crop' 

Says customer from Western Pen 't sy Ivania. ..Thzt'3 
the way to fill the silo. Lancaster County "Sure Crop" 
is a Big Money maker! Big ears. Lots of 'em. Hard 
corn. Rich yellow color . . . While Hoffman's Lancas- 
ter County Sure Crop" is fine for the ailo, other vari- 
eties are offered just as good for husking and filling the 
crib. No re-weighing . . no bother., no toss. Each man's 
steds carefully marked and packed separately. Ask your 
Grange buyer to get Special Prices and Free Samples. 

AU U^lfM.#tM In# ■*** ^' tandlfvIHe, 
. n. nOnman, inc., Lan<ast«rCounty,Pa. 



ft 



It 



L 



duality "Farm Seeds 



Strawberries 
PAY 




50 years* experience be- 
hind our 1935 berry-Book. 
It will help you. Describes Fair- 
fax. Dorsett, Catskill, etc.. New 
and Better Varieties, and tells 
How to Grow Them. Valuable 
' both to the Experienced and 
Beginners, Your Copy Is Ready. 
Write today. 

The W. F. ALLEN CO. 

199 Market Street, Salisbury. Md. 



FOR SALE 



aUABANTEED ONION PLANTS. Raise 
large delicious onions. Bermudas, Sweet 
Spanish. Postpaid : 500, 70c ; 1000. |1.36. 
Columbia Pi^N*r Co., Columbiana, Ohio. 



HABDY ALFALFA SEED, $7.50; Qrimm 
Alfalfa, $10.00 ; Red Clover, $11.00 ; Sweet 
Clover, $5.00. All 60-lb. bushel. Track Con- 
cordia. Return seed If not satisfied. Obo. 
Bowman, Concordia, Kansas. 

LOW PRICE on big Pedigreed Chester 
Whites. Sows, Boars and Pigs. C. K 
Cassfl, Hershey, Pa. 



14 Giont Zinnias IO< 

1 4 colors. Scarlet. Yellow. Lavender, Rose 

1 full size pkt. each (value 40c) for 10c 

jpostpaid. Burpee's Quaranteed Seedi. 

iBurpee's Garden Book FREE. Write today. 

WAtlee Burpee Co., 961 Burp«« Bidg. , PhiUdclphia 




TOBACCO 



Classified Column 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 



LECTURER'S ASSISTANT — 40 pages of 
ideas, special programs, features and mis- 
cellaneous suggestions. FIFTY PROGRAMS 
— complete programs outlined for the lec- 
turer's hour. Each book, 50c., postpaid. 
Guy B. Horton, Montpelier, Vermont. 



WANTED 



CIGARS — Direct from Grower. Lancastsr 
County long tiller, Connecticut binder ani 
wrapper. Smoke like nickel cigars ; $1.1* 
for box of 50; $2.10 for 100, prepaid. Dis 
count 500 or more. Satisfaction guaranteed 
J. B. BucusB, Lititz, R. D. 2. 



POULTRY 



WANTED 

-MEN- 
WOMEN 



age 18 to 50, interested in 
qualifying for eligibility 
tests for steady U. S. Gov- 
ernment Jobs; start $105 
to $175 month, to get our 
Free Questionnaire — find 
out what you are eligible for — no obliga- 
tions whatever. Write to-day. Instruction 
Bureau, Dept. 567, St. Louis, Mo. 



PROSTATE GLAND SUFFERERS — Free 

information regarding treatment from which 
1 received amazing relief. No obligation. 
Nothing to sell. H. H. Eaten, 706 N. 18th 
Street Harrisburg, Pa. 



BUFF MIN0R0A8. Harrisburg Winners. 
Chicks, $10.00 per hundred. J. Eabl Dobb«, 
Bedford, Pa. 

QUALITY CHICKS — White Leghorns, New 
Hampshire Reds. Big egg strains. Write, 
Nelson's Hatchery, GroTe City, Pa. 



pUlPlfC from Antigen BWD Tested 
^***^*^»^ flocks. Barred Rocks. Reds, 
White Leghorns $7. Order now. FREE cir- 
cular. W. A. LtAxrvER. 239 Kellerrllle Rd., 
McAlisterville, Pa. 



QUALITY CHICKS 



100 



HAY, GRAIN AND 
PRODUCE 

WANTED — Hay, Grain, Potatoes, Apples, 
Cabbage, Onions, etc. Carloads. For Pitts- 
burgh, Pa., Philadelphia, Pa., New York 
City. Pay highest market prices. Th« 
Hamilton Co., New Castle, Pa. 



A. A. Leghorns $7.60 

Utility Leghorns or Heavy Mixed ....$6.30 
R. L Reds, N. H. Reds, W. Wyandottes .$7.00 
Barred, White or Buff Rocks $7.00 

Plum Creek Poultry Farm ft Hatoheir 
Sunbury, Pa. 



BABY CHICKS 



Day Old Pul- 
lets — Day Old 
Cockerels from hundreds of Big Bodied Whit« 
Leghorn Breeders mated to Cockerels from 
one of the largest ROP Breeders In New York 
State. Also extra quality Mottled Anconas. 
Brown Leghorns, Sunnyfield Black Minorcas 
Barred Rocks, White Rocks. New Hampehlre 
Reds, White Wyandottes. Golden Buff Orping- 
tons. Priced very reasonable, hatched by ex- 
pert incubator operators. Guarantee to re 
place all chicks lost first 14 days at 5c each 
Good chicks for commercial poultrymen. (CC 
1905.) American Chickvribs, Grampian. 
Pennsylvania. 



3&esfoIutionsJ of 3&es(pect 



Under this heading will be printed resolutions adopted by 
Granges, for which a rate of 2 cents per word will be 
charged, cash to accompany copy. 



OWENS 

Whereas, Death has removed from our 
midst Brother E. K. Owens, we the mem- 
bers of Locust Hill Grange, No. 9i)7. recog- 
nize that our Grange has suffered the loss 
of a faithful member who loyally supported 
every activity. 

lirsolved, That we extend to the bereaved 
wife our sincere and heartfelt sympathy, 
drape our Charter for thirty days, record 
these resolutions on our minutes, send a 
ropy to the wife, and publish them in the 
daily paper and in the (Jrange News. 

Mrs. .1. F. Dixon, 
• Mrs. E. H. Litts, 

Miss Jean Packer. 

Committee. 
HALL 

Whereas, It has pleased our heavenly Fa- 
ther to take from our midst Brother Horace 
H. Hall. 

Resolved, That the members of Potter 
County Pomona Grange. No. 54, extend to 
the bereaved family our heartfelt sympathy 
for the loss of one, who has done so much 
for the community. 

One to whom our order is much Indebted 
for the number of Oranges he has organized 
and his faithfulness and help he has ren- 
dered to all. 

Resolved. That these resolutions be pub- 
lished in the Grange News. 

Mrs. Ci-aua Worden, 
Mrs. Effie Baker, 
Mr. O. B. Geer. 

Committee. 
PUSEY 

Whkreas. It has pleased our heavenly Fa- 
ther to call from among us Brother Thomas 
M. Pusey ; therefore, be It 

Resolved, That we, the members of Ken- 
nett Grange. No. 19, extend to the family 
our sincere sympathy ; that our Charter be 



draped for a period of thirty days ; that 
these resolutions be recorded on our minutes, 
a copy sent to the family and published in 
the Gran'oe News. 

Mrs. Frank T. Way. 

Mrs. Isaac Cox, 

Mrs. Willoam M. Yarnall, 

Committee. 
ALLEN 

Whereas, Our heavenly Father has again 
entered our midst and called from earthly 
labor one of our dear members. Sister Lulu 
Allen. Dayton Grange. .No. 1819. 

Resolved, That while the members of this 
lodge mourn the loss of this loved one, we 
do not forget the greater loss sustained by 
those nearer and dearer to her, that we ex- 
tend to the bereaved family our heartfelt 
sympathy and prayer, that the loving Father 
of all may comfort them in their loneliness 
and dark hours of affliction and that we 
may feel that so kind and loving a spirit 
will ever live in our memory. 

Resolved, That our Charter be draped in 
mourning for thirty days and that these 
resolutions be made a part of our minutes. 

John R. Alcorn. 
Alice Cochran, 
Rosa Snyder. 

Committee. 
SHIREY 

Whereas, God in his Infinite love has 
called from earthly labors our sister. Iva 
Shirey, of GIrard Grange No. 788 ; there- 
fore, be It 

Resolved, That we extend our sincere sym- 
pathy to the bereaved family, drape our 
charter for thirty days, record these resolu- 
tions in our minutes, and send a copy to the 
Grange News for publication. 

Mrs. Path. Smith, 
Mrs. Edward Lieowt. 
Mrs. Lewis Jury. 

Committee. 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 16 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 193S 



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VOL. XXXII 



HARRISBURG, PA., MAY, 1935 



No. 2 



Grange Membership Campaign 
To End September Thirtieth 

State Master Aims to Strengthen Cause of 
Agriculture By Extending Grange 
Influence in Every County 



ACCORDING to previous an- 
i nouncement, the annual canvass 
for new members for Grange 
membership takes place from March 
31, 1935, to September 30, 1935. One 
month has elapsed and reports indi- 
cate that there is interest in the effort 
to extend the service and influence of 
the Grange to those not now members. 
During these five months, every Sub- 
ordinate Grange in the State is ex- 
pected to make a thorough and sys- 
tematic canvass of its territory and to 
enroll as many desirable members as 
possible. The plan for the campaign 
is similar to that of a year ago when 
Worthy Master Boak requested every 
Subordinate Grange to organize its 
forces and do the work systematically. 
This plan calls for the appointment of 
membership committees in all the 
Granges, with an attractive banner to 
be awarded to the Grange in each 
county which secures the greatest net 
increase in membership. 

The State Master and the Worthy 
Lecturer of the State Grange have 
just completed a tour of the State 
with a series of Lecturer's Confer- 
ences and the report is that there is 
still plenty of room for Grange growth 
and expansion in the State since there 
are 172,000 farms in Pennsylvania 
and every eligible person in the State 
should be a member of the Grange. 

Worthy Master Boak says : "We all 
take pride in the fact that the Penn- 
sylvania State Grange is one of the 
most powerful farm organizations in 
the country. With Subordinate 
Granges in every county but one, the 
beneficent influence of our Order has 
long been felt in every nook and cor- 
ner of the Commonwealth. 

"However, there is still plenty of 
room for Grange growth and expan- 
sion in our State. The census of 1930 
shows that there* are 172,419 farms in 
Pennsylvania, and in the majority of 
cases those who dwell upon these 
farms are eligible to membership in 
our organization. Many of these farm 
Jjmilios have never afiiliated with the 
virange for the simple reason that the 
advantages of our organization have 
^^ver been presented to them and be- 
^ause they have not been invited to 
join. 

With this thought in mind, I am 

J^'^^ng all the Granges in Pennsyl- 

^nia to make a thorough canvass of 

^ir respective communities between 



now and the close of our Grange year 
September 30th. To get the best re- 
sults, we must go about it in a sys- 
tematic manner. 

"My suggestion is that you, as the 
Master of your Subordinate Grange, 
appoint a membership committee at 
your next meeting, if you have not al- 
ready done so, constituting yourself 
as Chairman, and naming as many 
other members to serve on the com- 
mittee as may be deemed necessary or 
expedient to thoroughly cover the ter- 
ritory under your jurisdiction. In the 
case of the average Grange, a com- 
mittee of from three to five will prob- 
ably be suflficient. After the commit- 
tee has been appointed, sit down to- 
gether, and compile a list of all the 
people in your territory who are eligi- 
ble but who are not now members of 
the Grange. After that, divide the 
Ust, writing upon separate sheets of 
paper the names of those whom each 
member of the committee is expected 
to see. Let the canvass begin on the 



first of June and may there be no 
slackers in the ranks! Or, best set a 
day to canvass the entire field ; secure 
enough helpers to do the canvassing 
in one day, then follow up by bring- 
ing the results of the drive to the 
prospective candidates. A system and 
a definite date to carry it out. 

The Grange securing the greatest 
net increase in membership in each 
county will be awarded an attractive 
banner appropriately inscribed. In 
case any Grange won a banner in the 
1934 campaign, such Grange will be 
awarded some other suitable prize. To 
qualify for the banner, the winning 
Grange in each county must secure a 
net increase of at least fifteen mem- 
bers. The Grange has always prided 
itself on the high type of its member- 
ship and no person should be invited 
to join who is not eligible under 
Grange rules. To achieve the fullest 
measure of success in this enterprise, 
every Grange in the State must loy- 
ally play its part. What is needed is 
team play and united action. If we 
all work and pull together the aggre- 
gate the results will give Pennsyl- 
vania a place of honor among the 
Grange states of the Union. 

The long and honorable career of 
the Pennsylvania State Grange is 
such that there should be no great 
difficulty in getting intelligent farm- 
ers and their families to affiliate with 
the organization if the invitation is 
presented in the proper way. 



His Mother's Songs 



Beneath the hot midsummer's sun 
The men had marched all day; 

And now beside the rippling brook 
Upon the grass they lay, 

Tiring of games and idle jest 
As swept the hours along, 

They cried to one who mused apart, 
"Come friend, give us a song." 

"I fear I cannot please," he said. 
"The only songs I know 
Are those my mother sang to me 
In years long, long ago." 
"Sing one of those," a rough voice 
cried, 
"There's none but true men here; 
To every mother's son of us 
A mother's songs are dear." 

Then sweetly rose the singer's voice 
Amid unwonted calm, 
"Am I a soldier of the Cross 
A follower of the Lamb? 
And shall I fear to own his cause?" 

The very stream was stilled, 
And hearts that never throbbed with 
fear 
With tender thoughts were filled. 



Ended the song the singer said 
As to his feet he rose, 
"Thanks to you all, my friends, good 
night, 
God grant us sweet repose." 
"Sing us one more," the captain 
begged, 
The soldier bent his head, 
Then glancing round, with smiling 
lips, 
"You'll join with me?" he said. 

"We'll sing this old familiar air 

Sweet as the bugle call, 
'All hail the power of Jesus' name 

Let angels prostrate fall :' " 
Ah, wondrous was that tune's spell, 

As on the soldier sang, 
Man after man fell into line, 

And loud their voices rang. 

The songs are done, the camp is still, 

Naught but the stream is heard; 
But, ah, the depths of every soul 

By those old hymns are stirred. 
And up from many a bearded lip 

In whispers soft and low, 
Rises the prayer that mother taught 

Her boy long years ago. 



Speakers for 1935 
Picnic Season 

GRANGES desiring the services 
of speakers identified with the 
Grange should address any of 
the following. The Grange holding 
the picnic should furnish transporta- 
tion to and from the grounds for the 
speaker, besides making prompt set- 
tlement for the expenses. Grange ac- 
tivity can be made an important part 
of the picnic season and our member- 
ship as well as others will benefit by 
the services of an able speaker. 

W. F. Hill, Past Master, Hunting- 
don. 

John A. McSparran, Past Master, 
Furniss. 

P. H. Dewey, Past Master, Harris- 
burg. 

E. B. Dorsett, Past Master, Mans- 
field. 

J. A. Boak, Master, New Castle. 

Isaac Gross, Overseer, Plumstead- 
ville. 

Mrs. Ira C. Gross, Lecturer, Johns- 
town. 

L. E. Biddle, Steward, Bellefonte. 

J. Edwin Brown, Assistant Stew- 
ard, Nottingham. 

Rev. R. M. Haverfield, Chaplin, 
Monongahela. 

Frank P. Willits, Treasurer, Ward. 

John H. Light, Secretary, Harris- 
burg. 

V. E. Carr, Gatekeeper, Punxsu- 
tawney. 

Mrs. Clara E. Dewey, Ceres, Wa- 
terford. 

Mrs. Frank Stoner, Pomona, Mark- 
leton. 

Mrs. Ethel H. Richards, Flora, 
Schellsburg. 

Mrs. Pearl Bruckart, Lady Assist- 
ant Steward, Talmage. 

Charles W. Creasy, Executive Com- 
mittee, Catawissa. 

Furman Gyger, Executive Commit- 
tee, Kimberton. 

Kenzie S. Bagshaw, Executive Com- 
mittee, Hollidaysburg. 

J. E. Graham, Finance Committee, 
Waynesburg. 

Bert Caven, Finance Committee, 
Beaver Falls. 

George M. Griffin, Legislative Com- 
mittee, Smock. 

John L. Post, Legislative Commit- 
tee, Avella. 

George W. Schuler, Legislative 
Committee, Fleetwood. 

James T. McCandless, Legislative 
Committee, Butler. 

Georgia M. Piollet, Chairman, 
Home Economics Committee, Towan- 
da. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Starkey, Juvenile 
Superintendent, Mansfield. 

H. G. Eisaman, Past Lecturer, East 
Springfield. 

Ira C. Gross, Past Lecturer, Johns- 
town. 



* 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 2 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1935 




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Let Your Local Grange Representative Help You Reduce Your Insurance Costs 



ADAMS COUNTY 

Edgar W. Weaner, Gettysburf 

ARMSTRONG COUNTY 

Carl M. Marahall, Dayton 

Fred J. Runyan, Rittanninff 

James E. Farster, Kittannlntt R. D. No. I 

BEAVER COUNTY 

Armour R. Mullan, Rochester 

BEDFORD and BLAIR COUNTIES 

V. Roas Nicodemus, Martinsburg 

BERKS COUNTY 

Calvin R. Bagenstose, MohrsvlUe 

BRADFORD COUNTY 

Joab K. Mahood, Columbia Cross Roada 
H. J. GangloflF, New Albany 
W. J. Newell. Wellaburg, N. Y. 
Leroy Race, Wyalusing 

BUCKS COUNTY 

Harry N. C. Cbubb, Doylestown 

BUTLER COUNTY 

Dwifht Cruickshank. Valencia 

CAMBRIA COUNTY 

Stanton J. Evans, Ebensburg, R. D. No. 3 
H. M. Mohler, Carrolltown 

CENTER AND CLINTON COUNTIES 

D. W. Miles, State College, P. O. Box 366 

CHESTER and DELAWARE COUNTIES 

Earle G. Reiter. Glenmore 

James E. Brown, Nottingham 

Charles W. Davis. West Chester, R. D. No. 8 

CLARION COUNTY 

Geo. E. Henry, New Bethlehem 

CLEARFIELD COUNTY 

J. Walter Hamer, West Decatv 
D. W. Conrad, Rockton 

COLUMBIA COUNTY 

Wayde G. Robbins, Millvllle 
Elmer E. Shultz, Benton 
Rea Croop, Briar Creek 
Daisy R. LeVan, Catawlssa 

CRAWFORD COUNTY 

Howard D. Amy, Townvllle 
Wilbur S. Dennington, MeadvtlU 
Walter R. Tucker, Cambrldga Sprfaigs 
Walter Connick, ConneautwlUa 
Nevin R. Dickson, Corry 
Walter A. Miles. TltusvllU 

ELK COUNTY 

Wm. B. Steis, Ridgwav 

Arthur Hunt. 320 Elk Ave., Johnsonburg 



ERIE COUNTY 

Chas. D. Cook, Girard 

Lester V. Evans, East Springfield 

H. D. Whitney, Corry 

N. W. Couse, North East 

FAYETTE COUNTY 

John T. Smi*h, Uniontown 

Gratta Edwards, S09 Market St.. Scottdalc 

FRANKLIN COUNTY 

Victor H. Myers, Waynesboro 

J. Stanley Foust, Chambersburg, R. D. No. 1 

GREENE COUNTY 

J. E. Graham, Waynesburg 

HUNTINGDON COUNTY 

Chas. L. Goss, Alexandria 

INDIANA COUNTY 

C. Lynn Furmann, Home 
Irvin N. Barr. Commodore 

JEFFERSON COUNTY 

Vern E. Carr, Punxsutawney 
Harry E. McGary. Brookville 
Marv J. Baughman, Summervllle 

E. C. Doverspike. Timblin 
J. 1. Allshouse, Brookville 

JUNIATA COUNTY 

Benj. E. Groninger, Port Royal 

LACKAWANNA COUNTY 

T. M. Kresge, Falls 

Geo. E. Ames, Gouldsboro 

LANCASTER COUNTY 

Ellwood W. Stuber, Lincoln 

LAWRENCE COUNTY 

J. Francis Boak, New Castle 
Ed. W. Munn. Lowellville. Ohio 

LEHIGH COUNTY 

.Fohn J. Marcka. Wescoesvllle 

I UZERNE COUNTY 

Harry M. Line. Shickshlnny 

LYCOMING COUNTY 

F. Cleatus Robbins, Muncy Valley 

McKEAN COUNTY 

Raymond Peterson. Kane 

MERCER COUNTY 

Harry H. Fry, Greenville 

David F. Tait. Mercer 

Edgar H. Conner. Grove City 

MONROE COUNTY 

Henry C. Hoffman, Brodheadawllle 

MONTGOMERY COUNTY 

Marcus S. Barrett, LInfield 



MONTOUR COUNTY 

James H Hartman. DanvUlo 
Chas. H. Marsh. Milton 

NORTHAMPTON COUNTY 

John H. Borger, Northamptoo, R. D. No. 2 

NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY 

Stewart R. Wertman, WatsentowD 

POTTER COUNTY 

Mark V. Kibbe, Ulysses 

Lillian P. Appleby, Shlnglehoase 

SCHUYLKILL COUNTY 

Russel C. Jeter, Barnesvllle 

SOMERSET COUNTY 

J. B. W. StufFt, Ralphton 
Victor B. Glessner, Berlin 

SULLIVAN COUNTY 

Carl J. Yonkin, Dushore 

SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY 

Clark N. Bush, Springvlllo 
Minnion N. Hall, Montrose 
Vern A. Plew, Thompson 

TIOGA COUNTY 

Dana K. Campbell, Wellsboro 

E. B. Dorsett. Mansfield 

Ira C. Luce, Westfield 

Lee N. Gilbert, Jackson Sammlt 

VENANGO COUNTY 

O. N. Moore. Emlenton 

Leo S. Bumpus. Cooperstown 

WARREN COUNTY 

Ralph L. Samuelson, General Insnraneo. 
Sugar Grove 

WASHINGTON COUNTY 

Thos. F. Hixenbaugh, Waynesbarg. 

R. D. No. 2 
Ransom M. Day, Washington 

WAYNE COUNTY 

C. L. Highhouse, Honesdala 
Wm. A. Avery, Honesdala 

WESTMORELAND COUNTY 

Gratta Edwards. 509 Market St., Scottdale 

WYOMING COUNTY 

Tracy R. Gregory, Dalton 
Arthur J. Davis. Noxen 

YORK COUNTY 

Arthur N. Bowman, Hanovar 
Otto L. Spahr, Dillsbarg 

UNION COUNTY 

Stewart R. Wertman, Watsontown 



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May» 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 3 



^ation^s Farmers Urged 

To Oppose Eastman Bill 



Fred Breiickman, of The National 
Qj-aiige, appealed over the radio to 
the nation's farmers, on April 20th, 
askinj,'" them to express to members 
q{ Congress their opposition to the 
jTastnian Bill which proposes Federal 
re"-ulation of highway transportation. 
^^ a guest speaker on the .National 
farm and Home Hour program, 
broadcast nationally, Mr. Brenckraan 
revealed the scope of railroad propa- 
ganda in support of the measure, 
which was passed by the Senate last 
week and which now is in the hands 
of tlie House Committee on Interstate 
and Foreign Commerce. 

Ill his appeal to the farmers, Mr. 
Brenckman gave emphasis to points 
of opposition to the Eastman Bill as 
set forth in a joint statement signed 
by representatives of the live major 
agricuhural organizations and of in- 
du>tries allied with agriculture. 

Mr. Brenckman declared '*it is just 
as unreasonable to enlist a lot of 
Apaches to put down an Indian up- 
risinj*: as to expect the railroads to 
take any action for the improvement 
of motor transportation." 

Excerpts from Mr. Brenckman's 
radio address follow: 

"Surprising as it may seem, the 
Senate on April KJtli, passed this 
very important bill without the for- 
mality of a record vote. It has been 
referred to the House Committee on 
Interstate and Foreign Commerce 
and if the bill is to be defeated, it 
must be done in the lower House." 

"The National (1 range and the 
other farm groui)> are unanimously 
opposed to the enactment of this bill, 



which would subject to Federal regu- 
lation motor transportation in inter- 
state and foreign commerce." 

"It lias been brought to my atten- 
tion that agents of the railroads have 
been asking members of the Grange 
and farmers throughout the country 
generally to sign petitions asking Con- 
gress to enact this measure." 

"The National Grange has for years 
insisted that no taxation or regula- 
tion of motor vehicles should be per- 
mitted which has for its purpose any 
increase in cost or restriction in use 
in order to equalize competition be- 
tween motor transportation and other 
forms of transix)rtation." 

"Every feature of this proposed 
legislation which is intended for the 
benefit of the railroads and those en- 
gaged in the operation of motor trucks 
on a large scale clearly indicates the 
intention to impose uniform rates for 
the transportation of goods whether 
they be shipped by rail or by motor 
truck." 

"Members of Congress tell me that 
they are being literally swamped with 
railroad propaganda asking for the 
enactment of this bill. They declare 
that they have heard little or nothing 
in opposition to the measure and that 
they would like to know how the 
farmers and the rest of their con- 
stituents feel about it. Under the 
circumstances, allow me to suggest 
that all those who believe in fair play 
for highway transportation should im- 
mediately write or wire their mem- 
bers of Congress and tell them with 
emphasis to kill this bill." 



UVESTOCK GOES TO 

MARKET COOPERATIVELY 

By C. G. JiANDELL 

Three-quarters of a million farm- 
ers can't be wrong I In 19o4, approxi- 
mately 750,000 farmers and ranchmen 
marketed their livestock through co- 
operative (diannels. Fifteen years ago, 
farmers in general began to realize 
that they had a job of marketing as 
well as one of production, and they 
stepped into the marketing game with 
both feet. 

In 1{»2(), four terminal coJiperatives 
marketed approximately 750,000 head 
of livestock. Now there are 41 of 
these producer-owned sales agencies, 
and in 1934 they handled approxi- 
mately 14,00O,0fM> cattle, hog^, and 
sheep. This certainly shows progress. 

A\ell. you ask. just what are farm- 
ers accomplishing by their excursion 
into marketing and why should a 
farmer and ranchman be interested in 
the growth and development of live- 
stock cooperatives { 

C()(iperatives liave given stockmen 
effective representation on terminal 
price-registering markets. They have 
improved the methods of business 
operations and provided at cost a 
complete, efficient, and economic sales 
service, all to the advantage of the 
farmer. 

Cooperatives li a v e put large 
amounts of money into the pockets of 
their members in the form of lowered 
^mmissions and patronage dividends, 
^he fact that they were able to make 
^^ch substantial cash savings for their 
Members paved the way for general 
Commission rate reductions at numer- 
ous markets — a benefit to all shippers 
to those markets that runs into many 
thousands of dollars each year. 

-^^ a part of their regular service 



and without extra cost to the indi- 
viilual producer, the transportation 
and claim departments of cooperatives 
have collected substantial sums of 
money for their patrons. The co- 
operatives, too, represent producers in 
freight rate hearings. 

Livestock cooi)eratives have helped 
to develop standard grades and classes 
for livestock and have actively sup- 
ported grading. 

By radio, letters, and the press, the 
cooperatives furnish producers a re- 
liable and unbiased market news serv- 
ice. 

Through credit corporations, credit 
at reasonable rates of interest has been 
made available to livestock producers 
and feeders for carrying on their feed- 
ing and pasture operations. 

Through pooling and sales methods, 
they have stimulated outside buying 
competition and increased prices re- 
ceived for odd lots of livestock. 

Some western cooperatives have 
pioneered in the development of 
range-to-feed-lot service, thus reduc- 
ing unnecessary speculative and trans- 
operation costs to both powers and 
feeders. 



NEW WAYS TO GROW SPINACH 

Like radishes and lettuce, spinach 
has a permanent place in the early 
vegetable garden. It is a cool season, 
fast-growing plant that should receive 
your best attention for the short time 
it takes to grow, and will give an 
amazing yield if you plant it in a rich 
and mellow soil. 

The old notion that spinach can be 
bought on the market cheaiKjr than 
it can be grown at home is a fable 
spread by oldtime gardeners who don't 
know what modern seed develoi)ers 
have done in the way of improving the 
strain. 

The new spinaches are prodigious 
growers, with large, thick leaves which 
make up into a delicious mess of 
greens. They are easy to grow, too, 
and when the leaves are cut oflF clean 
will continue to grow and give a sup- 
ply until Swiss Chard is ready for the 
baby's menu. 

Scattering the seeds of spinach 
broadcast is as old-fashioned as the 
thin-leaved varieties. Plant it in rows, 
and thin out carefully. Give the giant 
types at least eight inches apart in the 
row and you will see some real spinach. 
There are also a number of fine spin- 
aches of Danish origin which will 
thrive in the home garden. The old, 
small-leaved, fast-seeding types have 
been eliminated from these strains by 
careful culling. 



GRANGE HAS PARTY 

Harmony (irange No. 881 had its 
regular semimonthly meeting with the 
Overseer acting as Master. Our Mas- 
ter is under quarantine. The other 
officers were in their chairs. 

A report was made by the Chairlady 
of the committee, who served dinner 
and supper, March 19, 19e35, to the 
election board for the special election 
held in Pike County. 

At the close of Grange a surprise 
birthday party was given in honor of 
the Worthy Lecturer, Sister Emma C. 
Smith. 



There is also a revelation in spinach 
as a table treat if it is cooked in mod- 
ern style, either by steaming or by 
waterless cooker. The old style of boil- 
ing it, draining off the water in which 
the chief value of the spinach re- 
mained, gave an article of diet that 
wasn't worth half of what it should 
be either in food value or in flavor. 

I'or city dwellers who have a lim- 
ited amount of space for a garden, 
spinach is an imjwrtant part of their 
little kitchen garden, and where baby's 
supply of vegetables is a problem, car- 
rots and string beans should be added. 
Lettuce and radishes might be grown 
if there is enough room. The five of 
them may be grown on a 10-foot square 
of ground. 



GRANGE GRADUATIONS 

Increasing interest attaches to the 
"graduations" of Juvenile Grange 
members into the subordinate units 
and full membership in the Order. In 
several states such interesting events 
have recently taken place and as a 
program therefor the National Grange 
provides a ritualistic ceremony of 
graduation, whereby the transfer from 
Juvenile to subordinate Grange is 
made, with impressive exercises, which 
never fail to attract the attendance of 
members of the organization from a 
wide area. 




"PENN STATE" TOMATO 

A New and Distinctly Different Variety 

^ ORIGINATED BY DR. C. E. MYERS ^ 
▼ ©/PENNSYLVANIA STATE COLLEGE ^ 

HERE is the tomato Market Gardeners have been looking for — the 
"Pcnn State" — an altogether NEW variety — entirely different 
from any other variety in HABIT OF GROWTH! 
This new variety is the result of seven years of intensive breeding 
work by Dr. C. E. Myers, known internationally as having given to 
the world Penn State Ballhead Cabbage and other outstanding varieties 
of vegetables. 

The "Penn State" Tomato is a remarkable yielder — 20 tons to the 
acre being possible when planted in rows 3 feet apart and set 27 inches 
apart in rows. The foliage is medium dark green and rather coarse. 
It covers the fruit well. The fruit is perfectly and evenly colored — a 
rich scarlet. There are few seeds — a most desirable feature. Its rapid 
maturity will strongly appeal to growers who desire an excellent tomato 
for the early markets. 

SCHELL, THE SOLE DISTRIBUTOR 

The entire crop of this seed, yrown on the Pennsylvania State Collefe Farms, 
under the personal supervision of Dr. Myers, who developed the new "Penn 
State" Tomato, will be distributed solely by Walter S. Schell, Inc., upon authority 
of and in cooperation with the College, through Dr. R. L. Watts, Dean and Di- 
rector of the School of Agriculture and Experiment Station, and Dr. Myers, 
Professor of Plant-Breeding. This seed is being offered for the first time in 
1935, in packets only. Each packet contains approximately SO seeds. 

PRICES 
Pkt., $0.25; 10 pkts., $2.50; 25 pkts., $6.25; 50 pkts., $12.50; 100 pkts., 
$25.00. To be certain of a supply order — TODAY! 

A Profitmble Variety for Growers 

Th« "Penn State" Tomato will produce a money-making crop. Elarliness, pro- 
ductiveness, uniform ripening, appearance— all of these combine in making this 
new variety a good seller, with the assurance of highest prices in competitive 
markets. Write for illustrated catalog which gives the interesting history of the 
"Penn State" Tomato. And don't forget to enclose order for a supply of these 
valuable seeds. 

WALTER S. SCHELL, Inc. 

Seeds of Proven Quality 
1000-02-04 Market Street Harrisburg, Pa. 

Please mention you saw this ad in the Orange News 



Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



FARM PRICES DROP 

AS SPRING ARRIVES 

The index of prices received by 
Pennsylvania farmers for important 
products declined six points between 
February 15th and March 15th due to 
seasonal influences, according to the 
Federal State Crop Reporting Serv- 
ice. The drop in price of eggs, po- 
tatoes, butter and milk was largely 
responsible for this change. 

However, prices of all classes of 
livestock and chickens advanced, milk 

Commodity 



May, 1935 



cows and horses gaining an average 
of $5.00 and mules $7.00 per head. 

Hogs, beef c tie, veal calves, lambs 
and chickens are now selling at a 
figure somewhat above their March 
15th pre-war averages, the reports in- 
dicate. 

Potatoes dropped to thirty-three 
cents a bushel, the lowest on record. 
Grain prices remained about the same 
as a month ago. 

The March 15th average prices with 
February and pre-war comparisons, 
follow : 



March 
1910-'1U 

Wheat per bu $1.00 

Corn per bu * * 

Oats per bu 

Barley per bu 

Rye per bu \\ 

Buckwheat per bu 

Potatoes per bu 

Hay per ton \ 

Apples per bu 

Hogs per 100 lbs .'.'..*....* 

Beef cattle per 100 lbs 

Veal calves per 100 lbs 

Sheep per 100 lbs 

Lambs per 100 lbs .*.!!!!!!!*. 

Milk cows per head ' 51.44 

Horses per head ITsloO 

Mules per head * 

Chickens per lb \ 

Turkeys per lb 

Milk per 100 lbs '.'.*.*.*.*.*.'.'.'.'.*.*. 

Butter per lb *, * * 

Butterfat per lb ..!..!.! 

Eggs per doz * 

Wool per lb 



.69 

.49 

.70 

.79 

.68 

.74 

16.55 

.89 

8.08 

6.20 

8.04 

4.98 

6.56 



.133 

1.68 
.31 



.230 
.226 



Feh. 
1935 

$.95 

.83 

.55 

.72 

.72 

.57 

.40 

14.90 

1.05 

7.90 

6.40 

7.80 

3.90 

7.10 

52.00 

134.00 

134.00 

.158 

.23 

2.00 

.33 

.35 

.291 

.230 



FARM PRICE INDEX UNITED STATES 

Grain 

Fruits and Vegetables 

Meat Animals 

Dairy products 

Chicken and eggs 

Unclassified 

PENNSYLVANIA '.*.!'.'.!'.*.*.**.'.*.*. 

Grain 

Fruits and vegetables 

Meat animals 

Dairy products 

Chicken and eggs 

Unclassified 

PRICES FARMERS PAY*!'.".'.; 

FARMERS' PURCHASING POWER 

United States 

Pennsylvania 



Pre-War 
Base 

100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 

100 
100 



111 

114 

90 

105 

121 

119 

101 

107 

101 

74 

101 

120 

115 

93 

127 

87 
84 



March 
1935 

$.95 

.82 

.55 

.70 

.72 

.56 

.33 

14.80 

1.05 

8.70 

7.10 

8.10 

4.10 

7.40 

57.00 

139.00 

141.00 

.167 

.23 

1.95 

.31 

.33 

.214 

.230 



108 

111 

90 

117 

114 

97 

92 

101 

101 

68 

110 

116 

92 

92 

128 



84 
79 



FEED SHORTAGE 

In practically all States there is a 
shortage of feed, and livestock is on 
short rations. The total supply of corn 
and oats on farms on April 1st was 
only 15,600,000 tons which is little 
more than half the average April 1st 
supply on farms during the past nine 
years and is only about equal to the 
usual quantity of these grains fed on 
farms between April 1st and July let. 

Winter Wheat 

In the important winter wheat area 
including western Nebraska, Kansas 
and Oklahoma, The Texas Panhandle 
and eastern Colorado and New Mexico, 
winter wheat was sown under extreme- 
ly adverse conditions last fall and con- 
tinued moisture deficiency has resulted 
in a large proportion of the acreage 
being abandoned. In the worst sec- 
tions of this area, complete loss of 
acreage is reported. From the Eastern 
Great Plains to the Atlantic Seaboard, 
moisture supplies have been ample for 
the requirements of the crop and aver- 
age or better yields are in prospect in 
most of the eastern Corn Belt. Far- 
ther east, precipitation has been some- 
what in excess of the optimum and 
yields are expected to be slightly below 
average. In the Pacific Northwest, 
the winter wheat acreage was seeded 



later than usual and spring growth has 
been retarded by cool weather. Aban- 
donment has been slight, however, and 
the present moisture situation is fa- 
vorable. Present indications point to 
an abandonment of about 28 per cent 
of the sown acreage in the United 
States. 

Rye 

Deficient moisture conditions 
throughout a large section in the strip 
of States from Texas and Oklahoma 
to Montana and Idaho reduced rye 
condition in this general area to much 
below that of a year ago. Better 
weather conditions in other States, 
particularly the Dakotas, Minnesota, 
and Wisconsin, have resulted in an 
April 1st rye condition for the country 
as a whole which is well above that of 
last year, although it failed to reach 
the 10-year average. 

Peaches 

Conditions of the peach crop were 
about average, or above, in the ten 
Southern Peach States except Arkan- 
sas and Florida. The conditions of the 
crop as reported in the States east of 
the Mississippi River, which include 
the two heaviest producing States, 
were fairly uniform and unusually 
good. In North Carolina, South Caro- 
lina and Georgia, bloom has been 



heavy and the set of fruit good. Or- 
chards have been well cared for and 
are in good condition. Winter and 
spring weather conditions have been 
favorable and insect damage negligible 
so far. 

In Arkansas, peach trees went into 
the winter with buds fewer and weaker 
than usual because of the heavy 1934 
production and subsequent drought 
conditions. Considerable damage was 
done by freezes during last January. 
The greater part of the commercial 
crop is made up of Elbertas and this 
variety has suffered most. Except for 
the light bloom, the fruit has set well. 

In a general way, available reports 
indicate that in the States north and 
east of Virginia, peach crop prospects 
are decidedly unfavorable but that 
elsewhere prospects range from fair to 
excellent. The season is well advanced 
and in some areas trees have bloomed 
two weeks earlier than usual. 

Early Potatoes 

The reported condition of early po- 
tatoes in 10 Southern States is below 
average for April 1st, North Carolina 
and Louisiana being the only two ex- 
ceptions. In the eastern part of the 
ten States, and in Louisiana, the com- 
mercial early crop is in better condi- 
tion than the farm crop. 

Pastures 

Pastures or pasture prospects vary 
from excellent in Arizona and Cali- 
fornia to exceedingly poor in nearly 
the whole of the Great Plains area 
from Montana and North Dakota to 
New Mexico and western Texas. Most 
of the States in this Great Plains area 
show by far the lowest condition on 
April 1st for ten years or more, with 
old grass exceedingly short, little or 
no new grass, feed supplies low cr 
nearing exhaustion and all livestock 
in thin conditions. Although cattle 
numbers have been sharply reduced in 
this area, the ten States chiefly af- 
fected still had more than a third of 



all the cattle in the United States 
January 1st. In the row of State 
stretching from Minnesota to Louisi^ 
ana, which were along the eastern edirp 
of last year's drought area, pasture! 
are markedly better than at this time 
last year, but do not show full recov- 
ery. From these States eastward April 
1st pastures averaged rather better 
than in the last year or two and in the 
South, exclusive of Texas, Oklahoma 
and Florida, pastures are reported bet- 
ter than on Ai)ril 1st in any year sinp« 
1^29. E. L. '^'' 

URGE SPRING HOUSE- 
CLEANING OF BEEHIVES 

A plea for all bee owners to extend 
spring house-cleaning operations to 
their beehives, has been made by offi. 
cials of the bureau of plant industry 
Pennsylvania Department of Agricul- 
ture, who are charged with the en- 
forcement of the State bee law. 

Beekeei)ers are asked to inspect their 
bees, remove old worn-out frames 
and make replacements with new 
frames having full sheets of founda- 
tion. Such work will greatly aid 
State bee inspectors and reduce the 
cost of enforcing the bee law. It is 
explained that bee inspectors lose a 
lot of time inspecting bees in hives 
having frames with crossed or crooked 
combs which are hard to remove. 

Any improvement which makes pos- 
sible more thorough inspection is like- 
wise a benefit to the beekeeper, it is 
pointed out. since a profitable honey 
crop can not be harvested from a neg- 
lected apiary. 



WHEAT CROP 

Out of the total wheat crop of 14,- 
759,000 bushels in Pennsylvania last 
year, 1,820,000 bushels were used for 
seed, 5,166,000 bushels were fed to live- 
stock, 1,0;]6.000 bushels were consumed 
in homes on farms where produced and 
6,737,000 bushels were sold for an esti- 
mated cash income of $6,333,000. 




OFFICE OF THE SECKETAKY 

PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 
Cirange Seals 
Digest 

New Fifth Degree Manuals,' per set of 9* ' 
New Fifth Degree Manuals, single copy . 
New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 
New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy . . 
New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 
Constitution and By-Laws 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony \l 

Song Book,, y The Patron," board cover,; eloih,- ,ingie copy 'o^ '■"e^-rtan 

per dozen ' * 

per half dozen ,\\ 

Dues Account Book 

Secretary 's Record Book «a 

Labor Savings Minute Book ....'.'..'. «« 

Treasurer 's Account Book 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange to PomonaV per hundred 

The Grange Initiate, m lots of 25 ^ uunarea 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 100 

Roll Book 

AppUcation Blanks, per hundred 

Pomona Application Blanks, per huidred ". 50 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty S 

Notice of Arrearage, per hundred '40 

Notice of Suspension, per hundred 'in 

Secretary's Receipts, per hundred "40 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred . qn 

Treasurer 's Receipts Jn 

Trade Cards, per hundred '. '«n 

Demit Cards, each •Jj 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer' Whitehead) 15 

Grange Cook Books, each ^ '75 

Grange Radiator Emblems '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. Jo 

orde^^ S1^rS;Vt^^^S^^^ ^^Z^ ''^^^ ^^^"^^^"^ '' 

Lette^°"(>5«^rff """^^ r' "^^^^ ^^ ^^'^^ ^«°^ Orders, Checks, or Registered 
Letter. Orders for suppbes must bear the Seal of the Grange for 'which oWd- 

By order of Executive Committee, 

John H. Light, Secretary. 



15.00 

.60 
3.00 

.40 
4.00 

.35 
3.25 

.10 



.60 

6.00 

3.00 

.75 

60 

2.75 

.60 

.75 

.70 

2.75 

.75 

.45 



May» 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 



The Milk Problem 



I ATTENDED the Public Hearing held in Harrisburg, Monday, April 22d, 
on Senate Bill No. 932, to reenact milk legislation. This subject of milk 
has become so badly involved that much confusion and misunderstandings 
prevail among farmers and people generally. Politics and propaganda has 
added to the mix-up. Personal attacks, and a lot of deliberately devised mis- 
information has left an entirely wrong impression in the minds of many 
people. 

I wish to state the position the Grange has taken in this matter. First, 
the State Grange has alv^ays assumed leadership in dairy as well as general 
farm interests. Not many years ago, the State Grange led the fight for State 
appropriations for cattle indemnity to farmers whose cattle were killed for 
tuberculosis at that time, the State Grange oflBicials were severely criticized 
for their position, and it is interesting to note that some of those kind of 
critics are in this milk fight now. 

At all times, policies of the State Grange are adopted at annual sessions 
of the State Meeting; or in the absence of such policies, regular actions of 
the Legislative Committee prevail. State Officers do not deviate from such 
policies and we have always adhered to this practice. The more modern method 
of referendum cannot be applied to the Grange practice in legislative affairs 
of the Grange. 

At recent sessions of the State Grange, the troublesome question of milk 
came up through regular channels. More than six months ago, efforts were 
made through a series of meetings to get all milk producer groups together, 
with a view of agreement on milk control, when the present law ceases. On 
October 13, 1934, a letter was mailed to all milk producer groups, as follows : — 

''In 1933 the General Assembly passed a law creating a Milk Control 
Board, in the hope that this would solve the problem. The Milk Control 
Board is an emergency proposition . . . and will cease to function on April 
30, 1935, unless legislation is passed to continue its operation. We are there- 
fore addressing you to carry into effect a recent action of the State Grange, 
'to join with us in an effort to solve the problem,' to attend a meeting of 
representatives of dairy organizations interested in the welfare of the milk 
industry. The purpose of this meeting is to consider ways and means to 
stabilize the dairy industry through legislation." 

Pursuant to such notice, conferences called by the Grange were held on 
October 23, November 8, November 9, November 26 and November 27. The 
following organizations sent delegates to some or all of the meetings: 

Pennsylvania Dairymen's Association; Schuylkill County Milk Pro- 
ducers Association; Farmer's Union; Pennsylvania State Grange; Erie 
County Cooperative Milk Producers; Allied Dairy Farmers Association; 
Dairymen's League Cooperative Association ; Producers Keystone Exchange ; 
Dairymen's Cooperative Sales Association; Farmers Organization of York 
County; Inter-State Milk Producers Association; Capital City Milk Pro- 
ducers Association; Western Pennsylvania Milk Producers Association; 
Cooperative Milk Producers Association, Connellsville, Pa., and Sheffield Co- 
operative Milk Producers. 

I, personally, attended these meetings; and unfortunately certain groups, 
that have since become very hostile to the Grange, withdrew from the con- 
ference without explanation. Out of these conferences grew a resolution 
that the present Milk Control law be reenacted, that the bonding feature be 
strengthened and that the Governor be given power to terminate milk con- 
trol, when in his discretion he finds it necessary to do so. 

The Governor was promptly notified of this action, and on January 30, 
the Secretary to the Governor replied: 

''The Governor is very glad to know of the Grange's action on the sub- 
ject of milk legislation, and assures you it will be given every consideration." 

A noteworthy action on the milk question which was taken by the State 
Grange at its recent session at Hershey, follows: 

'The members of the Committee on Dairy Interests recognize the de- 
plorable conditions the dairy industry is passing through. Inasmuch as the 
Grange has been directly or indirectly responsible for the organization of 
"iilk cooperatives which cover the larger part of our State and represent the 
following milk sheds: Philadelphia, Pittsburgh and a part of the New York 
ilk Shed, the committee recognizes the service that these dairy cooperatives 
avo been doing; and (whose membership is largely composed of Grange 
niembers) for the milk producers of the State. 

'The Grange is desirous to be of service to all milk producers of the 

ate, whether members of cooperatives or not. The committee approves and 

commends the calling together of representatives of all dairy organizations in 

" "^"^^eavor to unite on a common program for legislation to be presented to 

^•^e 1935 Legislature." 

Thus it is seen that all our efforts on the milk question to date have been 

^^ true accord with adopted policies of the Grange. Under date of April 4, 

«»ddressed a letter to all Masters of Subordinate Granges and reported the 

^^^'on of the Legislative Committee on milk legislation, assuring them that, 

6 Orange is desirous to he of service to all milk producers of the State, 
J' ^'W memhers of cooperatives or not." Stating further that, "We look 
^^^an amendment to the Bill (House Bill No. 1721) or the introduction of 
"1 to conform to our legislative committee's ideas." 



Meanwhile, however, propaganda on the part of employees of the Milk 
Control Board, several members of the Legislature, a Pomona Master and 
several persons professedly members of the Grange, represented that House 
Bill No. 1721 was Grange policy. This unbecoming conduct of Grange mem- 
bers, and the uncalled for practice of those not members has added greatly 
to the confusion. 

Unable to secure proper amendments to House Bill No. 1721, in the 
House of Representatives, the Legislative Committee of the State Grange 
agreed to work for the passage of Senate Bill No. 932, which covered the 
policy of the State Grange. We therefore instructed our Legislative Agent, 
Brother Light, to work for the passage of Senate Bill No. 932, introduced by 
Senators Gelder and Owlett, which is the present milk control law plus 
amendments as agreed upon at milk group conferences. 

In obedience to my orders and according to established custom, and 
in my presence and that of two members of the State Grange Executive 
Committee, Brother Light made an able presentation of the milk situation. 
His argument was entirely in line with Grange policy and in accord with the 
views of the Legislative Committee of the State Grange. It is to be noted 
that the Grange was not alone in advocating the enactment of Senate Bill 
932. Others who spoke in favor of this bill at the hearing were: Roland 
Benjamin, Pres. Penna. Farm Bureau; Miles Horst, Secy. Penna. State 
Council of Farm Organizations; H. H. Schnavely, Penna. State Assoc, of 
Cooperative Organizations; Donald Kane, Natl. Cooperative Milk Pro- 
ducers' Federation; Robin Hood, Secy. National Cooperative Council; 
Fred Brenckman, Legislative Representative of the National Grange; Mrs. 
E. L. Hayes, of Townville, Pa., and W. S. Wise, of Meadville, Pa. 

Fortunately, after House Bill No. 1721 was held in Committee for sev- 
eral days, the bill was amended sufficiently to conform to Grange policy. 
Granges were promptly notified to support House Bill No. 1721 as amended, 
and request was made for action without delay. This is in brief the position 
the Grange has taken in this much discussed subject, and at all times we have 
worked with but one idea, "the greatest good to the greatest number," which 
is a fundamental Grange doctrine. As Grange News goes to the Press, the 
Legislature passed House Bill 1721, amended in line with Grange ideas, and 
the Governor affixed his signature at 5 : 30 p. m., April 30th. Milk control, 
therefore, continues uninterrupted. 

As your State Master, I expect and depend upon every member of our 
Order, to sincerely support policies regularly adopted by the State Grange. 
All loyal patrons in our fraternity will abide by the duly authorized activities 
of the Grange. Opposition to regularly adopted Grange policies by those 
whose political ambitions and positions may be threatened by the outcome 
of State Grange procedure must not only be frowned upon but must not be 
tolerated. Fraternally yours, 

J. A. BOAK. 



EXPECT HEAVY DAMAGE FROM 
EASTERN TENT CATERPILLARS 

The probability of heavy damage by 
the tent caterpillar in the eastern and 
central parts of Pennsylvania this 
spring, is indicated by the presence of 
numerous eggs of this insect on fa- 
vored trees, according to State ento- 
mologists. 

These eggs will hatch about the 
middle of April and the small worms 
will begin to feed on the leaves of such 
trees as wild cherry, apple and plum. 

Each egg mass contains from three 
to four hundred eggs. The worms are 
social in nature forming a "tent" 
which is a familiar sight along road- 
sides, in orchards, and along fence 
rows during May and June. As the 
worms increase in size, the tent is in- 
creased to accommodate the colony. 

The eastern tent caterpillar is held 
in check by many natural enemies 
which accounts for the scarcity of the 
insect during certain years and in 
some districts. A New Jersey author- 
ity is quoted as saying that 1935 may 
be the peak year for this pest due to 
lack of control by natural enemies. 

To safeguard valuable shade trees, 
the entomologists recommend a spray 
of one and one-half (IV^) pounds of 
arsenate of lead to fifty (50) gallons 
of water which should be applied just 
as soon as the white tents are noticed 
in the small crotches of the tree. 
Burning the nests with a flaming 
torch is sometimes practiced but this 
method of control is too damaging to 
the bark of the tree to be recom- 
mended. Tents, caterpillars and all 
may be successfully removed from the 



tree by grasping with the hand or 
twisting on a forked stick. The cater- 
pillars should then be crushed. This 
should be done on cool, wet days when 
the caterpillars are in the tent. 



FIRST BEETLES 

The adult Japanese bettles xhat 
emerge from the soil in flower pots on 
sunny window sills are the first re- 
minder of spring to many housewives. 
Beetles also appear in late winter in 
greenhouses. 



Icicle radishes are a good crop to 
follow the first globes. 



DO NOT BUY^ 




ft) I^^'^Ri 


m 








GRANGE 
GOLDEN 

TIK 

VBM 


■ 




Until You Have Our Prices 

Making ContactM Now 

KEYSTONE GRANGE EXCHANGE 
HARRISBURG. PA. 





Page 6 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1935 



Among the Granges 



Activities of the Order in Various Localities 



FOUR POMONA GRANGES 
TO HOLD UNION 

GAVEL MEETING 

A Union Meeting of Four Pomona 
Granges will be held in Concord Nar- 
rows, a mile from Blairs Mills, Sat- 
urday, June 22, 1935. The following 
tentative program is offered by the 
Committee on arrangements. Meet in 
Speers Grove for a private session at 
ten A. M. when the first item of the 
program will be presentation of the 
State Grange Gavel by the Franklin 
County Pomona to the Fulton Po- 
mona with a half hour program. Ful- 
ton Pomona will then present the 
Gavel to Huntingdon with a half to 
three-quarter-hour program. The Bas- 
ket Picnic Dinner to be spread at 
noon will also be private, Fulton and 
Huntingdon Pomonas providing hot 
coffee and ice cream for the assembly. 
The afternoon session, calling at one- 
thirty will be open to the public. 
Huntingdon Pomona will present the 
Gavel to Juniata Pomona and will 
also present a short program. The 
speaker of the afternoon will be Bro- 
ther Harry A. Caton, of Ohio, Secre- 
tary of the National Grange. This 
will be the second Union meeting held 
in District No. 3 in connection with 
the State Grange Traveling Gavels. 
Last year three Pomonas united and 
this year there are four. 

W. F. Hill, Secretary. 



POMONA GRANGE HOLDS 

BOOSTER MEETING 

More than two hundred Patrons of 
Husbandry attended the quarterly 
meeting of Pomona Grange yesterday 
at the Methodist church. The prin- 
cipal address of the afternoon was 
made by E. B. Dorsett, of Mansfield, 
Pa., past master of the Pennsylvania 
State Grange. Mr. Dorsett told of 
some of the accomplishments of the 
Grange, mentioning two examples, 
the rural mail delivery and parcels 
post, both of which measures were 
made possible by Grange leadership. 

In speaking of needs of the Grange, 
he stated that the membership should 
be greatly enlarged and that in these 
trying times we need a strong organi- 
zation of people who have both feet on 
the ground. He strongly condemned 
the present heavy borrowings and ex- 
penditures of Federal and State money 
stating that every child born today 
already has a mortgage on his back 
of more than eight hundred dollars, 
in governmental indebtedness. 

This evening, Mr. Dorsett is con- 
ducting a school of instruction for 
officers and other members of the 
Grange at the Kayne Township Con- 
solidated School. All members of the 
Fourth Degree are eligible to attend. 

Mr. J. W. Fulmer, of Marion Cen- 
ter reported on the Grange Mutual 
Fire Insurance Company, of which he 
is a director. It was brought out in 
the meeting that a bill now being pre- 
sented to the legislature would prac- 
tically wipe out small cooperative Mu- 
tual Insurance companies. This bill 
is being sponsored by old line com- 
panies who wish to monopolize the fire 
insurance business. 

Yesterday's meeting was in charge 
of Samuel E. Dible, of Armstrong 
Township, who is master of the Coun- 
ty Grange. Following a discussion 
by prominent farmers of the County 



on the topic "Should We Have an 
Indiana County Fair?" the Master 
was authorized to appoint a commit- 
tee of three to cooperate with other 
agricultural and civic organizations 
of the County in reestablishing the 
Indiana County Fair. Mr. Dible ap- 
pointed the following committee: E. 
M. Thompson, of Rayne Township; 
Dick Stephens, of Center Township; 
and Harry C. Kunkle, of Armstrong- 
Township. 

The afternoon program was in 
charge of the lecturer, Mrs. Flora 
Fritz Henderson, who also led the 
community singing. One topic which 
was ably discussed in the afternoon 
by J. I. McElhoes and Howard Park 
was "'Should We Have Compulsory 
Unemployment Insurance ?" 

Marion Center Grange gave a de- 
monstration exemplifying balloting 
for candidates. William Penn Grange, 
of Armagh, gave a short three-act 
temperance play at the evening ses- 
sion, in charge of Rosalie Stutzman. 
The ladies of Success Grange, of 
White Township, gave a short min- 
strel play. A class of forty-six was 
initiated in the Fifth Degree at the 
evening session. Invitations were ex- 
tended by four Granges for the next 
Pomona meeting and the Grange de- 
cided to accept the invitation of 
Creekside Grange to meet the last 
Thursday in June. 



WEST FRANKLIN 

GRANGE GROWS 

West Franklin Grange of Worth- 
ington, held its regular meeting on 
April 1st at 8 p. m., with good attend- 
ance. The regular business was taken 
care of, and action taken against Day- 
light Saving Time. The Grange is 
strongly against the fast time move- 
ment as it is a great hinderance to 
farmers in farm work, especially in 
harvest. The Grange also voted to 
send its lecturer to the lecturer's con- 
ference at State College on April 17th 
to 19th. During the meeting a large 
class of new members was initiated 
and given a cordial welcome. The 
Grantre also commended the school 
board of Worthington and West 
Franklin schools in their action in 
reelecting Prof. Frank Leard as prin- 
cipal of the schools, and showed their 
appreciation of Mr. Leard and of the 
school board in a strong way. After 
the meeting an "April Fool" lunch 
was served and after the fun, a real 
lunch was served by Miss Lulu Bowser, 
Robert Ix^e and Warren Minteer. A 
good time was enjoyed by all. 

This Grange had the honor a short 
time ago of entertaining the state offi- 
cers and the masters and lecturers of 
Armstrong County in a conference. 
After the conference, the Indies of the 
Grange served a sumptuous banquet 
in the form of a "fellowship dinner." 
In the evening a lecture was given by 
the state lecturer, Mrs. Tra Gross and 
slides shown of Grange work. 

West Franklin Grange is coming 
through the depression with flying 
colors, having gained a large number 
of new members and reinstatements 
and is on a good financial standing. 
In fact the treasury as well as member- 
ship has been growing with leaps and 
bounds. 



The first time you get fooled, it's 
not your fault. The second time it is. 



GRANGE CONDUCTS 

POULTRY NIGHT 

"Poultry Night" was featured at the 
meeting of Chester Valley Grange, 
Devault. The program, following the 
business meeting, opened with the 
singing of "The Dear Old Farm." 
Leonard J. Lee, of West Chester, gave 
a series of humorous songs, accom- 
panying himself on the mandolin. 

William Reinmuth, of Reading, 
spoke on "Poultry" with special em- 
phasis on the best methods of feeding 
in order to stimulate egg production. 
He stated that the ix)ultry and egg 
business at this time is showing mate- 
rial improvement over conditions a 
year ago. Mr. Lee entertained with 
more songs and the concluding number 
was a chorus song "The Grange Is 
Marching On." 

Prizes were awarded by Mr. Rein- 
muth for exhibition of eggs as fol- 
lows: Brown Eggs, 18 doz. — 1st, 
George Bolder; 2d, George Bowman, 
Sr.; 3d, Roger Thomas; White Eggs 
— 1st, George Bolder; 2d, Herford 
Taylor ; 3d, Reginald Stanford. Duck 
Eggs, George Bolder. 

Mrs. Chester Biddison, hospitality 
chairman, served refreshments during 
the social hour. Sixty-five persons at- 
tended. 



LYCOMING 

Lycoming County Pomona Grange 
No. 28 met on March 7th with a morn- 
ing and afternoon session. After the 
installation of officers short talks were 
given by H. A. Snyder, retiring Mas- 
ter; Charles S. Ault, newly-elected 
Master; Randolph Kahler, and C. J. 
Younkin, master of Sullivan County 
Pomona Grange. 

The following resolutions were 
passed : 

Resolved, That the Lycoming County Po- 
mona Grange No. 28, favor the legislative 
program of the State Grange as Is published 
In the Pennsylvan*ia Grange News. 

Wherkas. That divine command to re- 
member the Sabbath Day to keep It holy has 
never been repealed. Therefore, be It 

Resolved, That we. the Lycoming County 
Pomona Grange, No. 28, go on record as 
opposed to all of the bills Introduced in our 
State Legislature to legalize on Sunday such 
things as the training of dogs. Sunday fish- 
ing, selling of liquor, opening the movies 
and all commercialized amusements, and also 
a copy of these resolutions shall be sent to 
each of our Representatives and our State 
Senator. 



Procrastination is the thief of time. 



FOUR VENANGO 

COUNTY GRANGES WIN 

MEMBERSHIP PRIZES 

The quarterly meeting of the Ye- 
nango County Pomona Grange was 
marked by an attendance which taxed 
the capacity of the Diamond. Grange 
Hall. All of the sessions — Saturday 
morning, afternoon and evening— 
were entertaining, instructive and in- 
teresting. A spirit of competition in 
an attendance contest among the sub- 
ordinate granges undoubtedly accounts 
for the large crowd, which numbered 
210 in the afternoon and more in the 
evening. 

The Pomona Grange also awarded 
prizes to each grange which could re- 
port a 10 per cent increase in member- 
ship for the past year. Four of the 
nine granges in the county, namely: 
Scrubgrass, Canal, Richland and 
Utica, are richer by $10 as a result of 
their efforts in the membership drives. 
Incidentally, Scrubgrass Grange, 
which brought the attendance banner 
to be awarded to the grange having 
the largest attendance at the meeting, 
strutted down the homeward path with 
the flag waving proudly overhead. 



STATE IS SECOND 

IN VALUE OF EGGS 

Pennsylvania produced the second 
most valuable egg crop of any State in 
1934, according to estimates of the 
Federal-State (^rop Reporting Service. 

A billion and a half eggs, valued at 
$22,205,000, were laid by Pennsylvania 
flocks. The only State to exceed Penn- 
sylvania in value of eggs was Califor- 
nia with a $25,000,000 total. 

The utilization of chicken eggi in 
Pennsylvania during 19o4 was esti- 
mated as follows: 50 million used for 
hatching, 248 million consumed on 
farms where produced; and 1216 mil- 
lion sold for a total cash income of 
$17,835,000. 

Flock owners in only eight states 
received a higher average price for 
eggs sold during 1934 than the poul- 
trymen of Pennsylvania. 



The Savoy is a good variety of cab- 
bage for the home garden. It i< the 
finest (jnality and least often seen in 
the market. 



Try M few clarkias for cutting this 
year. Don't give them rich soil. 



EXTRAORDINARY SPRING SALE!!! 

SPECIAL DISCOUNT 

from Regular Low Factory Prices of 

INGERSOLL PAINTS 

Officially endorsed by the National Grange in 1874 and in 
continuous use by Members of the Order ever since. 

Manufactured by us in all colors for all purposes and sold only 

DIRECT to YOU at FACTORY PRICES 

in accordance with ARTICLE 4, Declaration of Purposes, P. of H. 

T™i?Jl^I^*^PP°'"^"'^V to secure strictly best quality INGERSOLL PAINT, 
SUPERIOR DURABILITY PROVED by NEARLY A CENTURY'S USE; 

at an EXTRA CASH SAVING. 

PATRONS' PAINT WORKS, inc. 

Tht OldmMt Ready. Mixmd Paint Factory in Ammrica. E»tahli»hed in 1842 

234 PLYMOUTH STREET BROOKLYN, NEW YORK 

THE EDITOR of this paper recommends INGERSOLL PAINTS 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 7 




I! 



The Lecturers Corner 

Mrs. Ira C. Gross, State Lecturer 




Having just completed the state- 
,ide series of liegional Conferences 
for Masters and Lecturers and Juve- 
nile Matrons, we take a little time to 
look over the meetings, as a whole, 
view them as a completed picture, and 
try to evaluate them in terms of in- 
creased Grange spirit and activity. 
Whether the conferences will be con- 
ducive to increased membership, time 
will tell, and we must wait a while to 
know this. But this we are sure of, 
now, that there is a better under- 
standing of Grange principles, closer 
touch with the Grange program and 
increased enthusiasm for the task 
ahead. 

time to accom- 



place where every member has the fine 
opportunity to become articulate and 
voice his opinions. Here is another 
fine opportunity for the Lecturer to 
be helpful. 

Looking back over the contact with 
Grange members in every section of 
the State, viewing conditions with an 
impersonal estimate, I feel wonder- 
fully encouraged and confident that, 
if we so desire, now is the time for 
the Grange to "March on to Victory." 
Mrs. Ira C. Gross, Lecturer. 



ished their course in Faith, do now 
rest from their labors. Imbue us all 
with the spirit of service and may 
each new reminder of the uncertainty 
of this earthly life inspire us to great- 
er zeal and to renewed endeavor ; 'For 
soon Cometh the end of the day when 
man's work is done.' And now may 
peace which passeth all understand- 
ing, the ministry of the Eternal Com- 
forter, and the Great Master above, 
abide with us all now and forever- 
more. Amen." 



SUGGESTIONS FOR A 

MEMORIAL SERVICE 



There was never 
plish all that we wished to do. But 
if we left any thought, it was this, 
that the Grange must have an objec- 
tive, something to work for, some def- 
inite thing to be attained in the fu- 
ture. We tried to show the inspira- 
tion that comes from an appreciation 
of the bigness and the worth-whileness 
of the Grange set-up. We attempted 
to impress upon all our members the 
fact that each Subordinate Grange is 
not an isolated unit, going it alone, 
but a vital part of a well-organized 
whole. We like to think of each Sub- 
ordinate Grange as a patch in a pat- 
tern, that, when rightly assembled, 
makes the completed, beautiful quilt. 
But if one patch be out of place, then 
the whole pattern is wrong. 

We believe that Lecturers have a 
better appreciation of the importance 
of their task and are keenly alert to 
make it a position of value and op- 
IKtrtunity. Every day, more Lecturers 
art" inquiring for information on Leg- 
islative questions, for material in 
leading discussions on the subjects 
that are the news of the day. This 
shows conclusively that these Lec- 
turers want their Granges to fit into 
the pattern of Grange activity. 

Xever in the history of Agriculture 
has it been so necessary for rural 
folks to know what is going on in the 
world about them. There are many 
questions to ask ourselves and we 
should ponder the answers deeply. 
"What kind of a rural life can we 
look forward to in the United States?" 
'In the light of cold reasoning, has 
the regimentation of the farmer and 
his affairs materially helped him?" 

Should farm production be controlled 
over a lonpr period of years, or at all ?" 

I^oos the old law of supply and dc- 
niand still work?" All these, and 
pifiny more vitally interesting sub- 
jects can be presented by alert Lec- 
turers. 

It is so encouraging to have letters 
|rom Lecturers saying that there is 
jncreased interest manifest in their 
yranges; that a new class is being 
Initiated, or that members are return- 
'Hfi: to the meetings after months of 
absence. To me all these things indi- 
^l^te an awakening appreciation of the 
^jrange as a ^'Farmers' Fraternity"; 
^hey show, too, a greater realization 
Ji the need of rural folks to organize 
f^r their own future welfare. 

I he fact that farmers have, through 

^venerations, silentlv and patientlv 

wrestled with all 'the problems of 

jj'eather and with Nature's laws, and 

3V0, by necessity, worked many hours 

pio, has made rural folks inarticu- 

^te and loathe to discuss their own 

♦nairs. They have been to prone to 

almly accept all that happens. If the 

^^^ge does no other thing, it serves 

* ^ medium for self-expression, a 



May is the month when many Sub- 
ordinate and Pomona Granges con- 
duct a Memorial Service for their 
members who have passed away dur- 
ing the year. We have so many re- 
quests for a Memorial Service that 
we take this opportunity to offer sug- 
gestions for such a program. 

The size of the Grange Hall, the 
number of members, ability to secure 
flowers, musical and reading talent, 
all play an important part in deter- 
mining the type of Memorial Service 



which a Grange may use. The Lee 

turer, or other Officer, who may have - but it has been frequently a sponta 



FARMERS SHOULD 

JOIN GRANGE 

''United we stand, divided we fall." 

Abraham Lincoln voiced a univer- 
sal doctrine in those simple words, a 
doctrine which has held together 
America and which may be applied to 
almost every organization of men 
which exists. 

In recent years every class of men 
has found it necessary to band to- 
gether more closely than heretofore. 
Labor has grown strong, so strong 
that it can dictate at times to the 
United States Senate, and be heard 
even above the voice of the President. 

Yet lagging behind this general ap- 
plication of the great words of Lin- 
coln, farmers remain one of the few 
great groups in the United States to 
maintain their ''rugged individual- 
ism." It is true that farmers and 
men of the soil have banded together. 



than almost any other class of citi- 
zen. But unless he is willing to join 
with his fellow farmer in stating his 
case, he can expect small help in these 
times. 

The Grange, beginning in the rural 
community with local self-supporting 
subordinate Granges, has county, state 
and national divisions. It has helped 
to secure for rural America numerous 
specific benefits, such as fairer taxa- 
tion, lower freight rates, rural mail 
delivery, parcel post, better roads, 
schools and better marketing facili- 
ties. It can do yet more. 

It has constantly fought intemper- 
ance, injustice, and intolerance. It 
has helped to lead farmers in coop- 
erative undertakings. It has provided 
many a pleasant evening for farm 
families, dispelling gloom and pessi- 
mism in good fun and frolic. It affords 
the rural boys and girls a real chance. 
Truly it has enriched rural commu- 
nity life, at low cost. 

If it had 2,000,000— 3,000,000— yes, 
even 10.000,000 — members — how much 
its good would be multiplied. 

To Huntingdon County farmers 
who have "lagged behind," we can do 
no more than advise them to join this 
strong farmers' group. 



charge of a program of this sort will 
necessarily have to use initiative and 
originality in jjlanning. The follow- 
ing program is merely suggestive: 

Music — "In Heavenly Love Abid- 
ing," by Grange. 

Entrance of Officers — Move to al- 
tar slowly as Chaplain reads the 
Twenty-third Psalm. Should halt at 
altar in form of cross, while Chaplain 
prays, either Lord's Prayer or prayer 
of choice. Remain in this position for 
tableau. Then pass to stations, while 
soft music is played. 

Hymn- "Lead Kindly Light," by 
Grange. (Tlibleau.) 

Pantomime — Abide with Me. 

Memorial Address. 

KoM. Call of Deceased Membfjis 

AND DeCXDRATION OF AlTAR. 

Rfjvding — "The Tapestry Weaver." 

Solo — Crossing the Bar, 

Benediction — By Chaplain. 

"Almighty God, we give Thee 
thanks for the good examples of all 
these, Thy servants, who, having fin- 



neous movement of brief duration 

How much farmers might profit, if 
they all joined in a mass movement 
to assert their rights and their 
thoughts in the nation! 

It is true that there is offered to 
them the finest of farm organizations 
of its kind in the world, and one of 
the best fraternal organizations based 
on class interests, in the National 
Grange. Yet some still hold back from 
it. 

The Grange has mustered a mem- 
bership of 800,000 men and women in 
34 states, with 8,000 local Granges. 
How much strength it might have if 
this number were doubled, or tripled, 
or made tenfold, as would be easily 
possible. 

Xo single voice counts in politics 
today. It is the voice of united thou- 
sands that sways statesmen. Yet some 
farmers still seem reluctant to join in 
this great national movement. 

The farmer certainly has more trou- 
bles, and voices thoui more vigorously. 



THE TAPESTRY WEAVER 



0, 



"Don't measure your success 
against others, but against your own 
potentialities." — Walter S. Gifford. 



Let us take to our hearts a lesson — no lesson can braver be — 
From the ways of the tapestry weavers on the other side of the sea. 
Above their heads the pattern hangs, they study it with care. 
The while their fingers deftly move, their eyes are fastened there. 

They tell this curious thing, besides, of the patient, plodding weaver; 
He works on the wrong side evermore, but works for the right side ever. 
It is only when the weaving stops, and the web is loosed and turned, 
That he sees his real handiwork — that his marvelous skill is learned. 

Ah, the sight of its delicate beauty, how it pays him for all his cost! 

No rarer, daintier work than his was ever done by the frost. 

Then the master bringeth him golden hire, and giveth him praise as well. 

And how happy the heart of the weaver is, no tongue but his can tell. 

The years of man are the looms of God, let down from the place of the sun. 

Wherein we are weaving ever till the mystic web is done. 

Weaving blindly but weaving surely each for himself his fate — 

We may not see how the right side looks, we can only weave and wait. 

But looking above for the pattern, no weaver hath to fear; 
Only let him look clear into heaven, the Perfect Pattern is there. 
If he keeps the face of the Saviour forever and always in sight 
His toil shall be sweeter than honey, his weaving sure to be right. 

And when the work is ended and the web is turned and shown. 
He shall hear the voice of the Master, it shall say unto him, "Well done!" 
And the white-winged Angels of Heaven, to hear Him shall come down; 
And God shall give him gold for his hire — not coin — but a glowing crown. 



FOR 

ROOFINGS, ♦ PAINTS 

SPRAYING MATERIALS 
or STOCK OR FIELD 

WRITE 

Keystone Grange Exchange 

HARRISBURG, PA. 

Do not buy your 

BINDER TWINE until you have 
our price* 




GET THE FACTS 

ABOUT THIS SPECIAL 
GRANGERS POLICY 



FREE— No obligation— full information 
on thia apacial policy to giv* you and 
your family exactly the kind of protec- 
tion you need most. A 25 payment 
semi - endowment policy that pays you 
a lump cash sum . . . and also reserves 
for your beneficiaries whatever amount 
you wish. 

Here is an ideal policy — planned espe- 
cially for Orange members . . . backed by 
a company that has contributed regularly 
to the support of Grange activities . . . 
■old, in most communities, by Orange 
members. This is sound, economical life 
insurance. You cannot afford not to kno^if 
about it. Writ* us today. 

AGENTS: We seek connection with 
progressive agents in a few good ter- 
ritories still open. Our representative 
will be glad to discuss details. 

GRANGE LIFE 
INSURANCE 

FARMERS & TRADERS 
LIFE INSURANCE CO. 

Room 424 -N 
State Tower Bldg. Syracuse, N. Y. 



m 



» 



l» 



Page 8 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1935 



Pennsylvania Qrange News 

Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 

Rooms 426-28. Telegraph Building 
_ , 216 Locust St. Harrisburg, Pa. 

5 cents a copy. 50 cents a year. 



Vol. XXXII 



May, 1935 



No. 2 



Board of Managers 
J. A. BOAK, President, New Castle, Pa. 
TUBMAN GYGER KENZIE S. BAGSHAW CHARLES W. CREASY 

Kimberton, Pa. Hollidaysburg, Pa. Catawissa, Pa. 

Editor-in-Chief, J. A. BOAK 

Managing Editor, JOHN H. LIGHT 

426-28 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Associate Editor, IRA C. GROSS 

->-«K ^^^^.^"^^^^^T^ IB accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate line, or $3.50 per Inch. 
•ACh Insertion. New York representative, Norman Co.. 34 West 33d Street. 



Let Everybody Boost 

AS IS indicated in an article appearing on the first page of this issue of 

/-\ Grange News, Worthy Master J. A. Boak has addressed a letter to 

the master of each Subordinate Grange in the State suggesting that a 

membership committee be appointed and that a systematic canvass for new 

members be made during the month of June. 

If every Grange in the State plays its part in connection with this cam- 
paign, there can be no reasonable doubt whatever that a handsome net in- 
crease in Grange membership will be recorded in Pennsylvania this year. 

In recognition of faithful service, the Grange securing the largest net 
increase in membership in each county will be awarded an attractive banner 
after the close of the fiscal year. The understanding is, however, that no 
Grange will receive a banner unless it has secured a net increase of at least 
15 members. 

If the Grange is a good institution, if it helps to solve the farmer's 
problems and to promote the welfare of those who live in the rural districts, 
as we know it does, then we should proclaim it to the world. Let us not be 
narrow and self-centered, but let us extend a helping hand to others. 

Manifestly, there is something substantial about an organization that 
has weathered the storms of more than sixty years. If it were not for the 
fact that our members have been getting benefits as a result of their con- 
nection with the Grange, we would long since have gone out of existence 
as an organization. 

Suggest this to those whom you may invite to join the Grange. If they 
possess logical minds, and most people who make their living by tilling the 
soil are capable of sound reasoning, this fact cannot fail to impress them. 

There is no investment of equal size that a farmer can make which 
will pay bigger dividends, financial, moral, social and educational than the 
money it will cost him to join the Grange and keep up his dues. 

The more members of the right type we can get, the stronger our or- 
ganization will be and the more good we can do. 

Let us all work and pull together as only Grange folks can when they 
make up their minds, and the aggregate results cannot fail to be satisfactory 
ijet us see what team play and united action can accomplish. And as Worthv 
Master Boak says in his letter, "May there be no slackers in the ranks »" 



Grange Policy Defined 

THE question has been asked, "What is Grange Policy," so frequently 
referred to m Legislative as well as other Grange matters. A Grange 
policy m any case, is but the course of action laid down by the State 
:'7.^T .1 ^^terpretation and enforcement of these policies is committed 
to State Officers, committees and delegated authority. These policies are the 
result of tliought and deliberation by Subordinate or Pomona and the State 
Granges. Many of the accepted policies of the State Grange are the result 
of years of effort and labor. Once adopted, they remain in force, unless 
revoked; and, seldom if ever has any adopted policy been revoked or re- 
pudiated. Over a long period of years the Grange has advocated many lines 
of legislative activity for the common good and the Grange continues its 
^ght m the course chartered, though it may require years for accomplishment 
It IS thus seen that Grange policies are not easily adjustable to changing con- 
ditions. Several days ago, the question was asked, "Why is the Grange op- 
posed to the revenue measures of the present administration?" The answer 
18 that the Grange does not oppose any administration policies for the sake of 
expediency or for any other reason. The Grange always advocates its adopted 
policies as laid down from year to year. It has happened frequently in the 
past that political administration policies have been at variance with Grange 
Ideas and policies; and, the same can be said of the present administration 



Doubtless this will always be the case, for "the Grange— National, State 
Subordinate — is not a political or party organization. No Grange, if truetn 
its obligation, can discuss partisan questions. Yet the principles we tea li 
underlie all true politics, all true statesmanship, and, if properly carried out 
will tend to purify the whole political atmosphere of our country. For we seek 
the greatest good to the greatest number." 

The program of Grange policies has been well advertised by Grange Kews 
our Legislative Folder, and Legislative letters. This program covers not onljl 
matters of recent action, but comprises many Grange policies which we hav 
championed for years. The graduated income tax, the grange school-subsidy 
idea and many others can be cited, as instances of our continued effort. 

Thus, it is readily seen that Grange activities are distinctive. A close 
examination of Grange records will reveal the fact, that Grange policies are 
comprehensive and include all matters of public interest. A rural viewpoint 
is noticeable in all of them, yet the public good is the main thought. 

The Grange is always definite in its declarations on public questions 
Our organization is not interested in any matters of partisan concern, but we 
shall endeavor to advance the policies of our Order wherever possible. Thisig 
the commission given the officers and committees by the State Grange, and 
every endeavor shall be made to advance our cause, without fear or favor. 

J. A. Boak. 

Milk Control 

\ /\ ^^^ ^^^ ^^" *^^ subject of much agitation for the last several years, 
I VI ^"^ naturally it is to be expected that there is a basis for argument on 
the subject of milk. It is generally agreed that the price of milk to the 
farmer is too low and the disparity between the price paid to the producer and 
that paid by the consumer is one of the causes of the so-called disturbances in 
the milk markets. 

Second, the inability to purchase the usual amount of milk on the part of 
the consuming public during the period of depression is another disturbing 
factor. 

Third, not alone in the milk markets but in all other markets of farm 
commodities there could be raised equally good reasons for demanding higher 
prices. The undue emphasis placed upon the milk agitation has been a very 
disturbing factor. 

Fourth, price fixing of any farm commodity is economically unsound, 
Milk has become a political issue and thereby created a situation that is diffi- 
cult to solve. 

Fifth, the diversity of opinion as to methods of control, that exists between 
self-seeking interests who do not sell any milk and the producer ^oups of the 
State, has been an exceedingly disturbing factor. 

It is thus seen that with these causes in the background the milk situa- 
tion has become a very difficult problem. 




THE greater part of our time during the past two months has been spent 
in our Conferences. They have taken us into almost every county in 
the State, and we have had the privilege to meet the finest people in 
our State. The interest manifested was all that could be expected, which 
convinced us that our people are thinking of the Grange and the good work 
it is doing. 

While the farmer is not making money, he is at least hopeful. He it 
looking forward to better times. The sentiment in regard to the milk situa- 
tion is that the Code has been of but little benefit, but most dairymen are 
desirous that it be continued in the hope that it will bring about better re- 
sults. We found the sentiment strongly opposed to a new Constitution. 

The above opinions are the results obtained by compiling the answers to 
a number of questionnaires given to some of the groups we visited. 

A few things that stand out strongly are as follows: Good Degree work, 
strict adherence to the Ritual and to the Digest, a well-balanced program, 
and best of all keep everybody busy. No program is a success that does not 
give the people something to think about. No Grange is worth the name, 
if the community is not better for its existence. He who does nothing to 
make this world better lives in vain. We are satisfied that many communities 
are better for the Granges and the Grangers that they contain. 

During our drive over the State, we were impressed with the differences 
we experienced in the seasons. In the valleys spring was in its glorv, while 
on the mountains winter's chilly blast held sway, which proves that it is the 
warm rays of the sun and not the blusterous wind that produces life. The 
wind storms have not caused the Grange to survive for almost threescore and 
ten years, but the warm rays of fraternity have. Yes, the Grange is a Fra- 
ternal Order. Fraternally, 

J. A. Boak, Master. 



Mity» 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 9 



GEANGE HAS 

PEOBLEM IN MEETING 

CHANGING CONDITIONS 

By Davu) Hose 

Conditions have changed so rapidly 
in the last few years in both our com- 
munity and nation that it is difficult 
at first to decide from which angle to 
approach this subject. 

We had perhaps best begin with the 
home. The automobile, good roads, 
the radio, telephone, consolidated 
schools, all these and other factors 
have almost annihilated time and 
space until conditions and needs are 
entirely different from those which our 
fathers and mothers faced a genera- 
tion ago. 

They were isolated in a farm home 
with no connection with the outside 
world except the dirt road, over which 
they journeyed once or twice a week to 
the post office to get the local weekly 
newspaper, and an occasional letter. 
Their children went to a little one- 
room schoolhouse, where they met only 
the children of the immediate vicinity, 
as compared with the children of an 
entire township being transported to 
a near-by town to mingle with the 
town-reared children. 

These things have had a vital effect 
upon our home life and to meet these 
changed conditions we must make our 
home life as attractive as possible. 
Cultivate a taste for good reading and 
keep the home supplied with the best 
of newspapers and magazines. Give 
your children access to the nearest li- 
brary, furnish your home with a serv- 
iceable radio. Take your children as 
far as you can afford it to the best of 
moving pictures and other forms of 
entertainment. 

Take Children into Grange 

Try to preserve by precept and by 
example the home as an institution be- 
cause it is the very foundation of our 
national life. Encourage your chil- 
dren to join the Grange at an early age 
and thus come in contact with the 
principles for which the Grange 
stands. 

The bringing together of larger 
groups through the consolidation of 
schools has led to an extravagance of 
dress which should be discouraged as 
much as possible. 

The country church is in danger of 
annihilation because the nuto and good 
roads have made the larger church 
with a more talented pastor available 
to country residents, but we should go 
slow in giving up an institution which 
has done so much for the development 
of our nation. 

The country church like the home is 
a bulwark of American institutions. 

Encourage the extension of electric 
service into rural comiiuinities as the 
comfort, service and convenience of 
this modem miracle will do much to 
^ake our home, our church and our 
Grange more attractive. 

There is constant agitation from 
certain groups of people to do away 
with local self government, and there 
are many arguments in favor of the 
'*rger unit of government and abolish- 
Jjent of the township and local school 
district. 

Ihe principal function of the town- 
? .P }^^^ been for many years the 
»>uilding and maintaining of roads, 
*na due to use of trucks, bus and 
auto roads are no longer local and 
..^'^^^rmore we are being taxed heav- 
^'y by the state for road purposes. It 
Would seem that the time has come to 
<^o away with the township as a road 
!"»U and let the State Department of 
highways build and maintain the 
oads from the motor fund and taxes 
J^. Prasoline, etc. But the school dis- 
^^t IS another prof)osition, so many 



local things enter into the manage- 
ment of our schools that we should go 
slowly and carefully before taking any 
steps to do away with local school 
board and school districts. The larger 
school district may be an advantage in 
some instances but let us be cautious 
when it comes to changing anything 
as vital to our national welfare, as our 
public school system. 

Would Preserve Teachers Colleges 

There comes up at every session of 
the Legislature a bill in some form to 
do away with our State Teachers Col- 
lege. This agitation comes largely 
from a class of people who are inter- 
ested in private colleges and parochial 
schools. We believe that this move- 
ment should be opposed by residents 
of country districts as the State Nor- 
mal School and Teachers Colleges has 
made it possible for many young peo- 
ple to receive a college degree who 
otherwise could not afford it. 

The influence of the Mansfield school 
on this community cannot be esti- 
mated. Let us fight to retain it. 

The depression has brought a new 
problem to our community, state and 
nation, that of relief of unemployed 
and destitute. We have come a long 
way since the days of Grover Cleve- 
land, the great President who in the 
midst of a former depression and 
business panic, said: "It is the duty 
ol the citizen to support the State and 
not the State to support the citizen.'' 
There is every reason for us to pause 
and think as we learn how people are 
devoting time and ingenuity to ways 
of getting free things they need and 
ought to have, and little or no time to 
devise ways and means to gain a liv- 
ing by working for it. Obviously we 
must prevent destitution, but we must 
also preserve the spirit of self reliance 
which has made our nation and its 
people great. 

Governmental relief can very quick- 
ly become debilitating and dangerous. 
We must be merciful but we must be 
just. We must distinguish between 
the worker and the shirker, between 
those willing to give and those intent 
on nothing but getting. As far as 
possible relief should be given by way 
of a job on some project which will be 
a lasting benefit to the public. 

The question of children aid is be- 
ing very ably handled in this com- 
munity and the Children's Aid So- 
ciety should have the fullest support 
of the church and Grange and all other 
organizations which seek the advance- 
ment of public welfare. 

Lauds ('iiildrex's Aid 

This project was proposed to Po- 
mona Grange before it was brought to 
the attention of the County Commis- 
sioners. We should be proud of the 
part the Grange has taken in support- 
ing this worthy cause. We regret that 
the administration of other forms of 
relief in this community is being 
taken from the hands of our local offi- 
cers and given to an army of relief 
workers under State and Federal con- 
trol. This not only greatly increases 
the cost of relief but in many cases it 
is not possible to do the job as well. 

We are living in a fast age and are 
being constantly confronted with new 
problems. Problems of taxation, prob- 
lems of crime, problems of relief and 
social problems. We must be con- 
stantly on the alert. Eternal vigilance 
is the price of liberty. 

But the American people have al- 
ways shown themselves capable of 
iiuM^ting and solving their own prob- 
lems, and this nation "striving to do 
the right as God gives it to see the 
right" will eventually work its way 
through to peace, prosperity and hap- 
piness. 



W/^^/Z MORE MILK.? 



fVe// mother doesn't climb 



the cellar steps today i 



r 




f..:'** ^^ 



With eight boys and girls, 
all under 13, we use a lot of 
milk at our house," said 
Mrs. Charles J. Renninger, of 
New Hanover Square, Pa. 

"I often think it's lucky my 
husband has a dairy herd," she 
said, laughing, as she poured 
out a glass of milk for little 
Nancy. "We use about eight 
quarts a day. The children all 
like it and they can have a 
glass whenever they want it. 
I keep a big pitcher handy here 
in my newelectric refrigerator." 

"Where did you keep it 
before?" we asked her. 



"Down in the cellar, and it 
seemed as if I spent most of 
my time running up and down 
the cellar steps. Now every- 
thing, milk, butter, meat and 
pies are handy all the time." 

The five oldest children were 
at school, so we had to content 
ourselves with a picture of 
Mrs. Renninger with Anita, 
Nancy and little Gladys. 

An electric refrigerator will 
protect your family's health, 
save a lot of steps for Mother, 
and keep food from spoiling, at 
acostofonlyafew cents per day. 



Your Electric (Company 

Published by the Pennsylvania Electric Association 



Page 10 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1935 



Mrs. Georgia M. Piollet 
Chairman, Towanda 

Mrs Charlotte Ruppin 
Akron 

Mrs. George Kresge 
Falls 

Miss Margaret Browt\ 
State College 

Mrs. Emma Jones 
Irwin, R. D. 4 



WOMAN'S WORK 

IN THE 

HOME AND GRANGE 

By Home Economics Committee 



MAY 

Little by little the time goes by, 
Short if we sing through it, long if 

we sigh. 
Little by little, an hour a day, 
And another year has passed away. 



MOTTO 

Strive ever true to live 
Life is not made of things, but deeds. 
Not he who gathers gold succeeds, 
But he who keeps within his breast 
A living urge to do his best, 
In life for God and man expressed, 

Strive ever true to live. 



WHAT MOTHER'S DAY 

AND MEMORIAL DAY 

MEAN TO US 

During the month of May, we have 
two days which are dedicated to the 
memory of our loved ones. These 
days. Mother's Day and Memorial 
Day, come at a time of the year when 
the beauty of the out-of-doors helps 
to take our thoughts back to the beau- 
tiful memories of those we loved. 
These memories, which come to us 
from time to time, but most force- 
fully at this time of the year, are 
often an unseen power which helps 
us over the troublesome spots in our 
lives. 

When our memories go back to 
these loved ones, the things which we 
recall vividly are a kind word spoken 
at some critical moment, a smile when 
things seem darkest, a helping hand 
when the task we were attempting to 
accomplish might otherwise have been 
a failure. A word of advice given in 
the proper spirit at the proper time, 
and the serene faith of the one whose 
memory we cherish. 

Let us so live that when our lives 
are only memories, these memories 
may be the means by which the bur- 
dens of our loved ones will be light- 
ened and their lives brightened. 

John L. Lee, 

Sewickley Orange. 



HELPFUL HINTS 

Mignonette is hated by flies, instead 
of sticky fly papers, put a pot of that 
plant in a room. 

Place a paper over a stamp you wish 
to remove and rub a hot iron over 
them. 

A small gold fish bowl is good to 
beat whites of eggs, mayonnaise or 
cream. 



HOME AND HOSPITALITY 

We have all heard some one say 
that we are in a period of hard times, 
but no matter how times may change, 
or how one fashion may displace an- 
other, the home remains always one 
and the same thing. The home is a 
harbor of safety, a treasure house of 
possessions, material and spiritual 
and a dispenser of gifts. The richest 
of all its gifts is hospitality. And 
again, hospitality depends on food. 
Simple and homely it may be, but to 
break bread with a guest is a gesture 
of friendliness old as life itself. In- 
vite your friends to your homes and 
be hospitable. 



Here is a suggestive menu for 
Mother's Day Luncheon: 

Spinach Soup 

Pickled Peaches Radishes 

Chicken Salad 

Hot Biscuits Butter 

Ice Cream Cake 

Coffee 

Spinach Soup Recipe 

1 quart milk 

3 tablespoonfuls flour 

3 tablespoonfuls butter 

1 pint cooked spinach 
salt, pepper, paprika 

1 tablespoonful grated onion 

Heat milk in double boiler, thicken 
with flour and add butter. Press 
spinach through a coarse sieve and 
add to milk. Season with salt, pepper, 
paprika and onion. 

Chicken Salad Recipe 

3 cupfuls cold chicken 
iy2 cupfuls celery 

1 teaspoonful salt 

2 hard boiled eggs 

Combine chicken and celery, add 
salt. Cut up eggs reserving three or 
four perfect slices for garnishing. 
Add eggs to the chicken and celery, 
mix well with mayonnaise dressing. 
Serve on crisp lettuce garnished with 
slices of egg and stuffed olives. 
Mrs. Glen Gongaware, 

Norland Grange. 



A Useful Recipe for Young People 

Take equal parts of Kindness, 
Unselfishness and Thoughtfulness; 
Mix in an atmosphere of Love; 
Add a spice of Usefulness, 
Scatter a few grains of Cheerfulness, 
Season with Smiles, and 
Dispense to everybody. 



Bologna Sausage 

Equal quantities of bacon, fat and 
lean 

Beef, veal, i)ork, and beef suet; 

Chop them small, 

Season with pepper, salt, etc. 

Sweet herbs, and sage rubbed fine 

Have a well-washed intestine, fill, 
and i)rick it 

Boil gently for an hour, and lay on 
straw to dry. 

May be smoked same as hams. 

A little garlic may be added if de- 
sired. 

P'rnest Finlev, 
R. R. No. 2, Bclh'vcrnon, Pa. 



In American Forests, Frank Glenn 
says, "Like the Universe, like life. 
Natural Beauty is also a mystery. 
Such splendor can be nothing less 
than the puri)oseful message of God, 
the ultimate spiritual appeal of the 
Universe. By the side of religion, by 
the side of science, by the side of 
poetry and art, stands Natural Beau- 
ty; not as a rival to these but as the 
inspirer and nourisher of them all! 
Yet Natural Beauty is being rapidly 
destroyed from off our Planet in the 
ordinary course of business and in 
the name of economy; and unless we 
make rules for the preservation of 
Natural Beauty, we will leave our 
descendants the helpless prey forever 
to the base materialism of mean and 
vulgar sights. Unless we see to it that 
a minimum of harm is done to Nat- 



ural Beauty the future of our race, 
whatever its social, economic and po- 
litical future may be will be brutish 
and shorn of spiritual values." 

If we all loved our world as did 
Edna St. Vincent Millay, we would 
leave no sordid sights. She sings, 

"O World, I cannot hold thee close 

enough ! 
Thy winds, thy wide gray skies! 
Thy mists that roll and rise! 
Thy woods this autumn day, that 

ache and sag and all but cry 

with color! 
That gaunt crag 
To crush ! To lift the lean of that 

black bluff! 
World, World, I cannot get thee 

close enough. 
Long have I known a glory in it all 



But never knew I this. 

Here such a passion is as stretcheth 
me apart. 

Lord, I do fear 

Thou hast made the world too beau- 
tiful this year. 

My soul is all but out of me — let fall 

No burning leaf, — let no bird call. 

Again Frank Glenn says, "A com- 
munity, and State and National life 
that stimulates and satisfies men's 
hunger for beauty: These are the 
things that turn the energies of man- 
kind from the ruin of revolt into the 
radiance of Creative living." 

To me the most beautiful monu- 
ment in the world is the Bok singing 
tower. As Bok embarked for the new 
world his grandmother's parting in- 



OUR FASHION AND PAITERN DEPARTMENT 

All patterns 15c in stamps or coin (coin preferred). 




whe'lx^rtt^Ime^ttme''l^^^^^^^ '*'"*• ' °°P^' ^"' "^"^^ ^« o^^^-^l '-^ '' ""*' 



2876 — Chnrmlng Model. Designed for sizes 
rsr,. 88. 40. 42, 44, 4(3 and 48 Inches 
bust. Size Mr, requires 4% yards of 
39-lnch material with 1/2 yard of 
•'^9-lnch contrasting. 

8160 — Pretty Little Dress. DeslRned for 
sizes 14, 10. 18 years, .-^6. .iS and 
40-lnche8 bust. Size Ifi requires 
2% yards of .S5-lnch material with 

o>voo ,-., ?* ^**'''' °^ -^S-inch contrastinK. 

»7a8-Matters Larger Figure. Designed for 
sizes ir,. 18 years. 30, .88. 40. 42 
44 and 40-inches bust. Size 30 re- 
quires :^% yards of .89-in(h mate- 

QiRo o '■''H ^'^^ ^''^* y«''^s of binding. 

8169 Smartly Slenderizing.- Designed for 
sizes .80. 38. 40, 42, 44, 40 and 48- 
Inches bust. Size 30 requires 3% 
yards of 3f)-inch material. 



616 



777— 



Cunning Costumes. Designed for sizM 
2. 4 and years. Pattern Includes 
both models in same size. If dif- 
ferent sizes are wanted, two pa^' 
terns will have to be ordered and 
it will cost 15c. extra. Size 4 re- 
quires 1^4 yards of 3r>-lnch ma- 
terial with Vi yard of 35-lnch con- 
trasting for dress; and 1 yard of 
;!.")-inch printed material with % 
yard of 35-lnch plain material ioT 
suit. 

Darling Graduation Dress. Designed tor 
.sizes 8. 10, 12 and 14 years. Sizes 
nquires 2 yards of 39-inrh mate- 
rial with % yard of 39-lnch con- 
trasting. 



Address, giving number and size: 

PATTERN DEPARTMENT, GRANGE NEWS 
428 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



May, 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 11 



lunction was "Make you the world a 
bit ii^ore beautiful for having lived in 
•i." We can't build Singing Towers, 
hut we every one can ''Leave as our 
bequest an added beauty to the earth." 
The beauty of order ! — a tree or vine 
to cover a bare place — and this is our 
appeal that you each add your mite 
to brighten the corner where you are. 
Written by Mhs. Wm. D. Phillips. 



A Garden 



A garden is a magic place 

Of hope and promise, growth and 
grace 

Where rain and sun and earth com- 
bine 

In working miracles divine. 

A garden is a place to find 
Contentment for a troubled mind, 
The wonder of young growing things 
A sense of peace and quiet brings. 

A place to love and laugh and dream 
In starlight hush and moonlight 

gleam, 
With all the trials of the day 
Washed like the marks of toil away. 

A place to prove the love of God, 
For in the bounty of the sod 
Amidst His own achievement rare, 
He walks in quiet beauty there. 

And he who plants a garden knows 
That from the mellow tillage grows 
Not only what the eye can see. 
But proof of immortality. 

Nettie Ramsey. 



GREAT MOTHERS 
By Dr. Hannah McK. Lyons 

Half the things most busy people do 
might just as well be left undone. 
Routine that shuts you away from 
neighborly interests is a thing to be 
broken into at the first possible mo- 
ment. If you must leave a child un- 
comfortable to clean a window lot the 
window go. The child is the enduring 
factor; the clouded glass can wait. 
''Three meals a day must be the aver- 
age housewife's concern. These be- 
long to the science of family welfare 
and have their lasting values. Even 
these can be planned to take a wise 
minimum of time, and a book peeped 
into while the kettle boils." 

At this season, when everyone is 
wearing a white carnation, there 
conios to mind the sterling qualities of 
^ary Ball, mother of Washington. It 
IS a truism that "most men are but 
miniature editions of their mothers." 

We are told that every virtue she 



possessed she passed on to him. She 
was imi)erious at times, had a habit of 
issuing orders and demanding instant 
obedience. Punctuality was her creed 
and woe unto those of her family who 
did not move by the stroke of her 
cl(jck. 

Jn spite of strength of will and no- 
bility of character, she was to the end 
very much a mother and imbued with 
a mother's anxiety and worry. She 
knew the love of adventure i)ent up in 
her (leorge. When he went against 
the French she bitterly opi>osed it, — 
"Oh, the fighting and killing." Then 
her Spartan self caused her to add, 
''God is our trust, to Him I commend 
you." 

When Lafayette came to pay his re- 
spects and found her in the garden, 
she said, "Ah, Manjuis, you see an 
old woman; but come I can make you 
welcome without the ])arade of chang- 
ing my dress." 

But later, when "my good boy 
George" returned from Yorktown and 
sent his orderly ahead to tell her that 
the shock might not be too great, 
touching his three-cornered hat, he 
said, "Madam, His Excellency will be 
here within the hour." "His Excel- 
lency," exclaimed the proud old 
mother, "you tell George I will be glad 
to see him." Then to her niece Patsy, 
"I shall need a white apron." 

In her old age she went daily to 
pray at Meditation Kock where she 
now lies buried. Do we not seem to 
remember that picture of the Great 
Cliieftain praying at Valley Forge? 

Dr. Ilerrick, Girard College says: — 
"Ofttimes children fail to regard all 
that mothers have done, and are doing 
for theuL and they consider the serv- 
ices are asked to render to their moth- 
ers as a basis for exactions in return. 
A small boy who was in this state of 
mind drew up a bill of particulars un- 
der the heading, "What Mother Owes 
John." He gave a list of errands and 
chores, such as minding the baby, 
sweeping the steps, mowing the grass, 
and placed it at mother's ])late when 
she came in to breakfast. The mother 
said nothing, but when John came to 
supjH'r he foiind at his plate a similar 
bill under the title, "What John Owes 
Mother," and under this were such 
entries as birth, health, home, food, 
clothing and schooling. John quickly 
saw the point and withdrew his bill in 
recognition of the nuich larger service 
which his mother had rendered him.'' 

''Christ is still the world's best ex- 
ample of a dutiful son." His first 
miracle was at a wedding, and it was 
his mother who jjointed out the need. 



On the cross Christ's last thought was 
of the future of His sorrowing mother, 
who with a mother's love was near 
Him in the hour of His death agony." 

"The strength of a nation is in its 
mothers. The people that have respect- 
ed woman and kept sacred the family 
ties have been virile; when woman 
has become the plaything of man's pas- 
sion, a nation has been well started 
toward decay. 

But it is in the home life that the 
tremendous role has been played by 
women 

The men of earth build houses 

W^ith oillars, walls and domes. 

But the women of the earth — God 

knows ; 
The women build the homes. 

So this beautiful home life we find, 
showing out very decidedly, in such 
men as Lincoln, (iarfield and others 
who bereft of the father love and care 
so much needed, the mother seems to 
have been imbued with a power to 
supply this need. 

For the real fundamentals, upon 
which rest family health of body, 
vigor of mind, wholesome character- 
building, pleasant companionship — a 
reasonable amount of comfort must 
be kept in mind. These duties for 
comfort are not one person's job. They 
should be shared by each member of 
the family. 

Xo mother should be a martyr — her 
role is that of leadership. To lead she 
must have enough time from petty 
and passing cares to develop her own 
abilities, her own personal interests, 
her own strength of body and soul. 

Time to think, to look out of a win- 
dow, to rest, to listen to her daugh- 
ter's eager plans and her son's am- 
bitions. These all take time but are 
worth while enough for mothers to de- 
velop the ability to melt. 

The need of the world today — more 
mothering — by such as Mary Ball 
Washington and the mother of the 
Gracchi. 

WESTERN INTER- 
COUNTY PICNIC 

The annual Grange Picnic of west- 
ern and southwestern counties will be 
held at Treesdale Fruit Farm, Alle- 
gheny County, June 19th. As usual a 
great crowd is expected, and the full 
program of events will be announced 
in the June issue of Grange News. 
Etforts are made to get a simaker of 
natioinil prominence for the occasion 
and it is hoped that Grange members 
generally will reserve this date for the 
Western Inter-County Picnic. 




Sprino Hii.l Silvp:r Star Patrons 

Left to Right, Second Row — Horton Gilberson, R. L. Blocher, Mrs. R. L. Blocher, 
G. S. Shumway, Sr., Grace Blocher, F. A. Browning, Mrs. F. A. Browning. 

First Row — Mary Coburn, James Taylor. Mrs. James Taylor, B. L. Browning, Mrs. 
N. D. Snyder, N. D. Snyder, and T. C. Lyon. 



WILLARD GRANGE, NO. 1440, 
CELEBRATES TWENTY- 
FIFTH ANNIVERSARY 

On the evening of March 11th, Wil- 
lard Grange Hall, Lawrence Co., was 
filled with members and friends of the 
Grange who had come to help cele- 
brate the joyous occasion of the 25th 
anniversary of the founding of the 
Grange. 

The evening was a busy one, first on 
the program was a pageant, depicting 
the history of the Grange, which in- 
cluded a brief history of Willard 
Grange, read by George Dean, a Past 
Master, and a son of the first Master, 
George Dean, Sr. The roll call of 
charter members, seven of which were 
present and received silver star certif- 
icates as follows: Scott Munnell, Jo- 
sephine Munnell, W. S. Weigle, G. W. 
Myers, Daisy Myers, J. A. Boak, Tilly 
Boak. These certificates were pre- 
sented by W. Sharp Fullerton, Po- 
mona Master, of Lawrence Co. This 
Grange has furnished two of the five 
Masters for Lawrence County Pomona 
Grange and one State Master. 

They had a charter list of 27 and 
now have a membership of 144 of all 
ages from 14 to 82 years which in- 
dicates a prosperous future. During 
the last year they have increased their 
membership 64% and the Grange 
looks forward to still greater progress 
for the next 25 years. 



SPECIAL CEREMONY FOR 

"SILVER STAR" PATRONS 

In recognition of twenty-five years 
and more membership in the Grange, 
a special ceremony was observed in the 
presentation of Silver Star Certificates 
to the brothers and sisters shown be- 
low. This event took place last fall in 
connection with the annual flower 
show of Spring Hill Grange as re- 
ported in the November issue of 
Grange News. 

The issuance of Silver Star Certifi- 
cates is commendable not only as a 
mark of distinction for faithful and 
loyal service but to perpetuate the 
noble principles of the Grange through 
our fraternity. Thousands of Silver 
Star Certificates have been issued in 
Pennsylvania alone and this is evi- 
dence of the permanency of the Grange 
and its principles. 

No greater honor can come to any 
one than to have bestowed the respect 
and fellowshij) of the (Jrange shown 
by the Silver Star and the Golden 
Sheaf Certificates. 



NATIONAL SPEAKERS 

COMING INTO OUR STATE 

Brother Harry A. Caton, National 
Secretary, will address a Booster Meet- 
ing in Washington Co., June 21st and 
one in Huntingdon Co. on the 22d. 
We had hoped to have Brother Caton 
with us longer but have as yet failed 
to secure him longer. 

In July or August, w(> have the 
promise of Brother Chas. M. Gardner, 
High Priest Demiter for a few days 
and Brother James C. Fanner, Na- 
tional Ivocturer, for a week in Septem- 
ber. We had hoped to have National 
Master Taber. but his sickness has 
made his ai)pearance in our state 
doubtful. 



California now has a $10,000 fund 
to be used to pay rewards for the ar- 
rest of kidnappers. 



Try a new vegetable this year. You 
can't improve the garden without a 
few experiments. 



i! 



Oil up and sharpen the lawn mower. 



Page 12 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1935 




Our Juvenile Granges 

Mrs. Elizabeth Starkby, Mansfield 




Worthy Matrons; 

Never before has the importance of 
our Juvenile Grange work been so 
firmly impressed upon me as during 
the recent Regional Conferences and 
the Lecturers' Short Course at State 
College. People seem eager to learn 
more about it and I am sure that 
during the next few months we shall 
see the fruits of our labor in the or- 
ganizing of many new Granges. 

Worthy Matrons and Patrons, I 
wish you would realize the importance 
of the office of Matron. Your office 
is being considered as one of the most 
important in our Grange work. You 
should also consider it a real tribute 
to your ability to be selected as Ma- 
tron, because it is an office that calls 
for every quality that is necessary for 
leadership. The opportunities for real 
service to the Grange and our youth 
are almost unlimited. 

As a Juvenile Matron you will con- 
sider it — 

A wonderful opportunity for serv- 
ice to your Grange — because you are 
training future Grange leaders. 

A wonderful opportunity of help- 
ing the young people entrusted to me 
to build for intelligent manhood and 
womanhood. 

A wonderful opportunity to help 
these young people to be prepared to 
meet life and its temptations. 

A wonderful opportunity to help 
build their lives four-square. 

A wonderful opportunity to really 
become familiar with Grange proce- 
dure. 

A wonderful opportunity for me, 
because what I do for others will live 
after me, while what I do for self 
dies with me. 

A wonderful opportunity for me, 
because like all Grange work, the 
more we give the more we receive. 

As Matrons, let this wonderful op- 
portunity impress upon you the im- 
portance of the task that is yours, for 
our boys and girls are the hope of 
the future. 

If there is anything in your work 
that y«u and your Subordinate 
Grange, cooperating as you always 
should, cannot solve, write me and I'll 
do the best I possibly can to help you. 

Matrons, I'm depending upon you 
td help make our Juvenile Granges 
real assets to your Granges and your 
communities. 



sent the communication to Sister 
Lucy Shumway. It was then sent on 
to me, but has been mislaid. Will you 
please answer again to me, as soon as 
possible ? 



I hope every Juvenile Grange will 
get to work on some worth-while proj- 
ects so that we may have many ex- 
hibited at our State Grange next fall. 
Many projects are listed in the new 
Handbook, recently published by the 
National Grange Juvenile Superin- 
tendent, Susan W. Freestone. If there 
is any Matron or State Juvenile Dep- 
uty who has not received this fine 
handbook, please write Sister Free- 
stone, Interlaken, N. Y., at once. 
Each State Deputy will be asked to 
bring to the State Meeting at least 
one project from each county, so be 
sure to get busy at once. 



care for awhile and have a play spell. 
Also try to make your vacation worth 
while. Kead good books, learn to do 
some new household task or farm 
work, and do it well. Learn to swim 
or if you know how, learn some new 
strokes. Practice your music when 
you have no lessons to do. Just make 
your vacation count. 



Kecently I received the December 
reports of our Juvenile Granges, and 
some were very fine. Will every Ma- 
tron please realize the necessity of 
.sending in these reports? Nearly half 
of our Granges did send in these re- 
ports and we hope that we may raise 
that the next quarter. Those counties 
having one hundred per cent reported 
will be placed on our Honor Roll. I 
hope to see many more on next time. 

Here is another goal to work for — 
Every Juvenile Grange work as hard 
as you can to see that you have com- 
plete regalia, collars for your officers, 
badges or pins for your members, and 
a sash for your Matron. Being fully 
attired and working hard on the rit- 
ualistic work will help build your 
Grange and create more interest. 

In the February issue of Grange 
News I asked if there were any more 
instances where father and son were 
Masters of Subordinate and Juvenile 
Granges. Someone answered this, but 



I am glad that so many of our boys 
and girls belong to the Juvenile 
Grange and do not have to be left at 
home as this child: 

A Child's View of the Grange 

"My daddy he's— a Granger; 

Mother's a Granger too, 
And all the neighbors they belong 
And my big sister Sue. 

"They go to all the meetings, 

Hml I don't think they're much, 
They talk about the taxes 
And the Power Bill or such. 

"But some times they do have a feed 

With pies and cakes galore, 
I'm sure there would be enough 
For us and several more. 

"Even tho' we don't belong 

When they take pies and cakes 
We'd like to go along. 

For our little tummy's sake. 

"*No, no, you must stay at home. 
Now be good, children, do,'— 
You just wait till I get big,— 
— Well— ril be a Granger too." 
B. D. 

June will be the month for a fine 
Flag Day program. Here are a few 
suggestions : 

Song — America. 

Roll Call— D ays when Flag 
should be displayed. 

Recitation— The American Flag. 

Paper— The History of Our Flag 

Recitation— The Flag Is Passing 
By. 

Song — America for Me. 

Discussion— What constitutes a 
good citizen. 

Recitation— I Love My Flag. 

Pai'er— How the Star Spangled 
Banner Came to Be Written. 

Pledge of Allegiance, followed by 
singmg National Anthem. 

Many recitations can be found in 
readers and English books. 

June is also a good month for a 
Vacation Program: 

Song — Hike Along. 

Roll Call— What I would like to 
do this vacation. 

Paper— Interesting places to visit 
in Pennsylvania. 

Discussion— How I can help at 
home during vacation. 

Song. 

Many other things can be used, but 
when planning your vacation let's 
plan one for mother and father. It 
will do them good to forget work and 



You have many suggestions for a 
fine flower program. Spring wild 
flowers will soon be filling our woods. 
Let Flora do some of the work for 
this meeting. Also have the legend 
of Flora read, which will add to the 
significance of our flower program. 

God's Treat 

I guess God must love flowers, 
He makes them look so sweet 

With all the pretty colors 
Our eager eyes to greet, 

So we had better thank Him 
For all this lovely treat. 

A dreary place would be this earth. 
Were there no little children in it; 

The song of life would lose its mirth. 
Were there no children to begin it. 

Here is an interesting article which 
you may use on your program some 
night : 

Giants 

Giants among men have been pres- 
ent since the dawn of history. Fol- 
lowing are authenticated instances: 
The giant Posio and the giantess Se- 
cundilla, each ten feet three inches 
tall. Gabbaras, an Arabian in the 
time of Claudius, nine feet four 
inches. The Roman Emperor Maxi- 
mus was nearly nine feet tall. Queen 
Elizabeth's Flemish porter was seven 
feet six inches. John Middleton, who 
lived in the sixteenth century, was 
nine feet three inches. Cajanus, a 
Swedish giant about nine feet tall, 
was exhibited in London in 1742. C. 
Bryne, who died in 1783, was eight 
feet four inches, and a contemporary, 
Patric O'Brien, was eight feet eight 
inches. John Aasen, of San Fran- 
cisco, who is alive, measures nine feet 
two inches in his stocking feet. 

Goliath, the famous giant slain by 
David, as recounted in 1 Samuel 17, 
was probably a little over ten feet tall, 
but built in proportion. 



If you have a bit of news 

Just send it in. 
A story that is true. 
Or an incident that's new, 

Send it in I 
If some good your work can teach. 
If some interested reader reach. 
If you have a glorious speech, 

Just send it in. 



OVERSTIMULATED CHILDREN 
By Hilda Richmond 

A devoted mother came home from 
a little entertainment, in which her 
children had taken part, to weep bit- 
terly as she poured out her troubles 
to a sympathetic friend. Shabby little 
Dottie Roberts and equally shabby 
Jimmy Bossert, whose mothers were 
forced to go out to work several days 
each week to provide food for their 
families, had been the star perform- 
ers in the pretty little entertainment, 
while her own children, constantly 
watched over and carefully guided, 
had been given very insignificant 
parts. She had taken her boy and girl 
to art galleries, and they had had 
special teachers in music and draw- 
ing. Had they not had every possible 
advantage? And yet these less fa- 
vored little children had really sur- 
passed them. 

The friend who was a successful 



teacher and an earnest student of 
children was able to point out to th 
discouraged woman that often bov! 
and girls are "forced" just as pW 
sometimes are. Artificial surround 
ings, she reminded her, often tem- 
porarily hasten the growth of the 
plants to their serious detriment 
Later, they are apt to become so weak 
and spindling that they can scarcely 
support their own weight. Such ex- 
otics cannot compete with sturd^ 
plants developed in their natural en 
vironment. Plants of the temperate 
belt need the cold wind of winter as 
well as the warm sunshine of summer 
They need freedom and time. 

Children are much the same. To 
become sturdy and capable of holding 
their own when unusual circum- 
stances arise, they need freedom, time 
and a chance to meet buffeting con- 
ditions. If they are forced, overstim- 
ulated or unduly protected, their ad- 
vancement is not normal. They should 
spend their days in a simple, whole- 
some, childlike manner if their ex- 
periences are to tend to vigorous 
growth. 

The mother dried her tears and de- 
termined to change her methods. She 
began to realize that whether her chil- 
dren were preferred above others in 
entertainments or not was of little 
moment in comparison with the ques- 
tion of their general fitness for re- 
sponsibility. She saw that the system 
she had compelled them to follow had 
failed them and her. 

As she talked it over quietly with 
her friend, her children came home. 
In the next room, they also talked 
about the entertainment, not know- 
ing that she and the teacher were 
within hearing. 

"Well, just once," growled Bob, boy 
fashion, "I'd like to be something be- 
sides the last one in the chorus. It 
isn't fair." 

^^ "It's no use. Bob," said little Sybil. 
"Even if I had been chosen one of the 
flower girls, my old lessons in music 
and drawing would have kept me out 
of it. How could I have attended re- 
hearsals ?" 

"O, well, what's the use anyway!" 
answered Bob. 

The mother listened sadly and then 
she brightened, "Thank goodness, it 
is not too late to mend matters I I've 
been feeling sorry for Dottie and 
Jimmy because they lacked advan- 
tages, but it looks as if they were 
really the favored ones." 

Her friend smiled. "If it won't of- 
fend you, Sally," she said quietly, "I'd 
like to tell you that most teachers pre- 
fer to have pupils from the poorer 
homes rather than from the ones 
where 'advantages,' so called, are too 
numerous." 

"I believe you," said the mother. "I 
can see why they would, unless those 
'advantages' are apportioned very 
wisely." 



May, 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 13 



FIND ELM BARK BEETLE 

The elm bark bettle was found at 
t'lght points in the State by a survey 
made by the United States Depart- 
ment of Agriculture last year. Wood 
infested with this insect was also 
found by the State bureau of plant 
industry in Montgomery and Dauphin 
Counties. The occurrence and distri- 
bution of this insect species is of in- 
terest mainly because of the relation 
it bears to tho spread of the Dutch elm 
disease. 



If people's consciences were as ten- 
der as their skins they would pay 
more attention to them 



Trade's proud empire hastes to 
swift decay. 



The Chaplain's Meditation 

Rev. Ross M. Haverfield, Monongahela, Pa. 



n. HALLOWED MEMORIES 

The month of May is unusually rich 
in hallowed memories. On May 
twelfth we shall observe "Mother's 
Day," and how precious are the mem- 
ories that that day suggests! And 
the carnations will scarcely be wilted 
until we shall celebrate the national 
"Memorial Day" with our flags and 
wreaths. Again sacred memories will 
be stirred, and our thoughts will turn 
back to the experiences of Yesterday. 

Thus within the same month, bless- 
ed memories and fitting tributes in- 
terweave two fundamental institu- 
tions of society — the Home and the 
Nation. May we never forget the 
priceless contribution that has been 



made for our domestic welfare by our 
godly mothers, and for our national 
security by our valiant veterans. 
Both have faced death for us and for 
our country; both have sacrificed un- 
selfishly that we might live; both de- 
serve our deepest affection and loyal- 
ty; both have made us forever debt- 
ors to the Past. 

May our home life and our national 
life be constantly safeguarded and 
sanctified by the hallowed memories 
of May. "The memory of the right- 
eous is blessed." Prov. 10:7. 

"Adown the lanes of Memory bloom all 
the joys of yesteryear, 
And God has given you and me the 
power to make them reappear." 



PEIIN STATE TO STAGE 

RURAL CHORUS CONTEST 

For the third time the Pennsylvania 
State College will be host to a rural 
community chorus contest when 
groups of singers will compete as a 
feature of Farmers' Field Day, June 
13. 

Willis Kerns, extension rural so- 
ciologist of the college, announces 
that applications for entry in the con- 
test must be made in writing to the 
various county agricultural extension 
association offices by April 19. 

Kerns also says that choruses enter- 
ing the contest must represent rural 
organizations. He explains that rural 
means open country and settlements 
under 2,500 population. Organiza- 
tions meeting in larger towns are ac- 
cepted as rural if more than half of 
the members are farm residents. It 
also is required that more than 50 per 
cent of the members of the organiza- 
tion shall be over 18 years of age. 

The purpose of the contest is to 
stimulate in rural Pennsylvania the 
development of a love for singing and 
a higher appreciation of the kind of 
music that will make a worthy contri- 
bution to country life. Prizes will be 
awarded at the contest. 



GRANGERS CELEBRATE 

IN SINKING VALLEY 

. The Grange hall at Skelp in Sink- 
ing Valley was the scene of an enjoy- 
able occasion March 16 when Sinking 
va^jey Grange No. 484 observed the 
sixtieth anniversary of its founding 
With a special program. The affair 
^as attended by a large number of 
JJiends from all parts of Blair and 
^untmgdon Counties. 

The Sinking Valley Grange was or- 
ganized in 1875, and the meetings for 
"lany years were held in the big room 
on the second floor of the James 
bailey farm. 

til n P^^^^"^ opened with a song by 
[ne Grange, followed by a recitation 
^y Blair "Sonny" Hileman. A group 
l\ children sang "The Grange." The 
mstory of the Sinking Valley Grange 
jas read by Mrs. Irvin W. Ellenberg- 
jr. who told of the small group of men 
jom Sinking Valley who organized 
^^ unit, its growth and accomplish- 
P^ents and its many activities in the 
jjferest of the farmers of the district. 
^^8868 Sarah Wertz and Pearl Cowher 
presented a piano duet, followed by a 
'<^citation by Bob Williams. 
Pr ^win, of the Logan Valley 

Pa ?,^^' spoke on "The Grange in the 
Stat ^^^^"^ ^ ^^^^^ history of the 
whflf -^"i^ national organization and 
jT p It has accomplished. Miss Pearl 
iTo. ^o ^®»^ a poem written by Prof. 

ii^r^y s. rieck on th. 



fiftieth 



the occasion of the 
anniversary celebration held 



ten years ago. Mr. Fleck, who is sec- 
retary of the Grange, is spending the 
winter in Florida, and was unable to 
attend this celebration. I. H. Benner, 
of the North Woodbury Grange, spoke 
on "The Grange of the Present." 

This was followed by Kenzie S. 
Bawshaw, whose subject was "The 
Grange of the Future." In view of 
its past accomplishments and knowing 
by experience just what the Grange 
has done and can do for its member- 
ship, Mr. Bagshaw pointed out the 
needs of the organization, its future 
program and the necessity of building 
for the future. The program was con- 
cluded by a short playlet entitled 
"Just Like a Woman." Following the 
program a social hour was enjoyed 
with the serving of refreshments. 

The Sinking Valley Grange has 
been a leading factor in the growth 
and expansion of the work of the 
Grange in Blair County. Always a 
most active organization, it was a 
pioneer among Granges in the con- 
duct of an annual farm show which 
has been held each year in the hall at 
Skelp. 



STATE CORN-HOG 

BOARD OPENS OFFICE 

Offices were opened recently in 
Room 308, Federal Building, Harris- 
burg, by the Corn-Hog State Board of 
Review which will approve all corn- 
hog control contracts in connection 
with the 1935 program to adjust the 
number of swine and the acreage of 
corn in Pennsylvania. 

This Board consists of E. L. Gas- 
teiger, Harrisburg, representing the 
Division of Crop and Livestock Esti- 
mates, Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 
nomics, (chairman) ; Paul I. Wrigley, 
State College, representing the Agri- 
cultural Extension Service of the 
Pennsylvania State College; J. Brady 
Smith, Shippensburg, who directly 
represents the interest of agriculture. 
In addition to approving all corn- 
hog contracts before going to Wash- 
ington for final consideration, the 
Board will cooperate in promoting the 
program in this Commonwealth. 

An educational campaign to ac- 
quaint farmers with the details of the 
program was conducted during the 
past month by the Agricultural Exten- 
sion Service of the Pennsylvania State 
College. Meetings were held in all sec- 
tions of the State. 

The program as now under way, re- 
quires the farmer who cooperates, to 
agree to reduce his 1935 field corn acre- 
age and the number of hogs produced 
for market, at least ten per cent be- 
low his 1932-1933 base. Full particu- 
lars may be had by application to the 
above named Board or to the Agri- 
cultural Extension Service of each 
county. 



ASK BEEKEEPERS FOR 
COOPERATE IN 

DISEASE FIGHT 

Since the enactment of the Penn- 
sylvania bee law in 1921, over 85 per 
cent of the apiaries in the State have 
been inspected, according to officials 
of the State bureau of plant industry. 
It is pointed out, however, that among 
remaining uninspected colonies, there 
are probably a good many illegal hives 
which may be diseased and prove a 
source of infection. 

In view of the need for economy in 
public expenditures, beekeepers whose 
apiaries have not been inspected are 
urged to take immediate steps to 
house their bees in movable frame 
hives and thereby save State inspec- 
tors much time and expense. 

Once housed in movable frame 
hives, as required by law, effective 
disease control is made possible and 
the inspection necessary to maintain 
this condition is reduced to a mini- 
mum. 



CUMBERLAND POMONA 

We favor a new constitution to provide a 
graduated income tax law for the support of 
schools and the relief of taxes on real estate. 

We favor greater appropriations for ele- 
mentary schools and distressed school dis- 
tricts even at the expense of higher institu- 
tlon.s oi learning. We favor the Grange 
policy of support for common schools as 
presented by Representative Horst in House 
Bill 486 when a companion revenue bill Is 
presented. 

We favor a six per cent tax on all cor- 
porate incomes. We favor the abolition of 
exemptions to manufacturers. We are op- 
posed to the further exemption of public 
utilities from gross receipts tax. 

We favor an equalization of taxation be- 
tween real and personal property and ad- 
vocate the Increase proposed by Governor 
Earle. We advocate an increase of one cent 
in gasolinp tax provided; 1. Farmers be 
exempted from tax on farm machinery use 
of liquid fuels. 2. That the relief worlt pro- 
vided by this tax be applied to roads. 

We advocate the second cent tax on gaso- 
line proposed by the Governor provided a 
complete investigation of the relief admin- 
istration Justifies the present large expendi- 
turo of relief funds. It is the well estab- 
lished opinion that relief money is wasted 
and badly administered. We will oppose 
further taxation for relief unless we are 
satisfied that this money will be well spent. 
We favor the cigarette tax. We favor the 
amusement tax. 

We favor the Moomaw bill, requiring ap- 
plicants for relief to file a sworn statement 
setting forth basic needs and present earning 
power of the family. Misstatement of facts 
should be punishable by law. We favor the 
consolidation of relief agencies into a coun- 
ty welfare board of unpaid patriotic citizens. 

We favor the Smith Bill abolishing the 
Board of Poor Directors of Cumberland 
County. 

We favor all legislation designed to re- 
strict the liquor traffic and oppose liberal- 
ization of Sunday fishing anA hunting laws. 

We favor the retention of the Milk Control 
Board and the following bills now before 
the House: House Bills 178, 968, 967 and 
966. 

We favor the enactment of Smith Bill No. 
228 requiring that the transportation of 
perishable foods be taken from the Juris- 
diction of the Public Service Commission 

We favor a lowering of salaries In county 
offices to meet the demands of our present 
economic situation. We should return to the 
salary schedule of 1912 or 1914 which rep- 
resented pre-war standards. We favor the 
Smith Bills combining offices and effecting 
economies. We likewise favor lower costs 
In collecting taxes and a more equitable 
system of assessment. 

We favor House Bill No. 229, Introduced 
by Representative Smith of our county, pro- 
viding for the collection of Inheritance taxes 
by the Department of Revenue instead of by 
the Register of Wills. 

We favor the use of gasoline money for 
the maintenance of township roads, particu- 
larly since we are asked to pay an addi- 
tional amount of gasoline tax Into the state 
treasury. 

We favor the outlawing of gigantic freight 
cars from the road. We believe the move- 
ment of freight should be confined to rail- 
roads and resent the Intrusion of enormous 
load carriers on the light type highways 
designed to get the farmer out of the mud. 
We would favor a greater amount of 
work relief funds allocated to highway 
maintenance and building. We favor stricter 
enforcement and more stringent laws against 
drunken driving on the state highways. 



FARMERS URGED TO 

PLANT WILLOW TREES 

ON STREAM BANKS 

Farmers who have streams or other 
bodies of water on their property are 
being urged by Secretary of Agricul- 
ture J. Hansell French, to join in the 
"Plant a Willow" campaign being 



sponsored by the Pennsylvania Board 
of Fish Commissioners. 

Briefly, the plan calls for the plant- 
ing of willows, preferably weeping 
willows on the banks of streams to 
provide better conditions for fish, to 
prevent undue washing of soil, and 
to give shade for livestock in adjoin- 
ing pastures. 

Fish wardens have been instructed 
by the State Board to contact persons 
making inquiry concerning the plant- 
ing of willow trees and to give in- 
formation where necessary. It is ex- 
plained that almost any kind of a 
green willow stick if jabbed into moist 
ground along a stream will sprout and 
develop rapidly into a symmetrical 
shade tree. Where these willow shoots 
are not available for planting, the 
Board of Fish Commissioners will ar- 
range through fish wardens to locate 
the necessary supply. 

Farmers interested are advised to 
communicate with the State Board of 
Fish Commissioners, Harrisburg, Pa. 



SALES TAX 



According to the General Welfare 
Tax League, a national organization 
with headquarters in New York City, 
a general sales tax bears sixty times 
mole heavily upon the thousand dollar 
a year laborer than upon the multi- 
millionaire. 

"This is so because a much larger 
proportion of the small income must 
go for taxable commodities than is the 
case with the larger incomes. Food, 
for example, uses up one-third of the 
entire budget in the low income 
groups, but decreases rapidly in rela- 
tive importance as incomes increase 
and takes less than one per cent of the 
income for all income groups receiv- 
ing $300,000 or more per year. Cloth- 
ing represents an outlay of 11.6 per 
cent of the budget among the poorer 
families and less than one-tenth of 
one per cent in the higher brackets. 

"The average $1,000 a year laborer 
spends 60.9 per cent of his income for 
commodities affected by a retail sales 
tax (including food) while the recipi- 
ent of a million dollars income finds 
it necessary to spend only one per 
cent in this way. This means that 
such a tax falls upon 60 per cent of 
one man's income as against one per 
cent of another's, or, in other words, 
bears sixty times as heavily propor- 
tionately upon the poorer man. 

"A one per cent tax on retail sales, 
exempting food, such as that now 
levied in New York State, means tak- 
ing $2.74 per $1,000 from the $1,000 a 
year laborer, and eight cents per 
$1,000 from the multimillionaire. 
That is, the former pays a sales tax 
that is 34 times heavier in proportion 
to income, than that which the latter 
is paying. A two per cent tax, includ- 
ing food, such as is now being pro- 
posed in the New York and New Jer- 
sey Legislatures would take $12.18 per 
$1,000 from the former and 20 cents, 
per $1,000 from the latter. 



NOT CONSISTENT 

Strange things appear. For ten 
years, an effort was made to central- 
ize the little school districts and bond- 
up for a big central high costing over 
$250,000 now when an effort is on to 
centralize the State Teachers Colleges^ 
say into four, the same central izers 
kick. J. S. K. 



There is no young man, nor grown 
man, living, who cannot do more than 
he thinks he can. — Ford. 



A fool must now and then be rights 
by chance. 



Page 14 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1935 



Grange Life In- 
surance 

Maintaining Its Lh\d 

A 60% gain in production for the 
first quarter of 1935 over the same 
period of 1934, shown by our Grange 
Life Insurance Company, The Farm- 
ers and Traders, compares favorably 
with an increase of slightly more than 
105o by all other life companies re- 
porting to March 31st, 

Our Grange Lifk Insurance 
Program for 1935 

Sponsored and directed by a 
Program Committee, composed of 
National Master L. J. Taber, Vice- 
President of our Company, and the 
Masters of the States in which the 
Company operates, our 1935 Grange 
Life Insurance program, the objective 
of which is the further extension of 
our Grange Life Insurance service 
into more Grange homes, is off to a 
good start. Toward that desirable end 
we invite the cooperation of our mem- 
bership. 

Your State Master's Recognition 
OF Your Cooperation 

Every subordinate Grange which 
qualifies by having at least three poli- 
cies to its credit, will be listed on a 
Grange Life Insurance Honor Roll 
prepared by our Company, which will 
be on exhibition at the State Grange 
session next December. 

Every Grange on this Honor Roll 
will be given an Honor Pennant, ban- 
ner or plaque as a reward for dis- 
tinguished service in the field of fam- 
ily security. 

A worth-while award which every 
Grange will appreciate will be given 
to the subordinate Grange in each 
County which has the largest number 
of points to its credit, providing that 
it has at least 500 points, but no 
Grange in any County will be eligible 
for this award unless 50% of the 
Granges in such County are on the 
Grange Life Insurance Honor Roll, 
with the minimum of three policies to 
its credit. 

The Grange Life Insurance Pro- 
gram Committee will be judges of the 
contest, and the winners of prizes in 
each State will be announced and 
awards given at the next annual ses- 
sion of your State Grange. 

We would suggest that your Grange 
appoint some member or a committee 
to promote an interest in your 
Grange, and this Committee with the 
assistance received from your Com- 
pany and its representatives, will 
place your Grange on the Honor Roll, 
and a j)ossible prize winner. 

Insuring Your Future 

The Farmers and Traders Life In- 
surance Company provides a means 
of insuring your future that is as safe 
as any human institution can be. 



WOOL COOPERATIVES 

BLANKET THE COUNTRY 

When the Cavaliers of Virginia im- 
ported the first little band of sheep into 
the Old Domini(»n in 1609, they started 
an industry that was destined to teem 
with romance and adventure and later 
to become of gr^at importance to the 
agricultural welfare of the United 
States. 

From this first little band of sheep, 
guarded day and night from predatory 
Indians, wool growing expanded to the 
hills «)f New England and later to the 
great ran-re country of the West. The 
story of w<x)] growing in the West is 
a story of conflicts with the cattlemen, 
of lonely herders tending their sheep 
on deserts and high mountain ranges, 



and of hardships during periods of 
droughts and winters beset with bliz- 
zards. The development of this indus- 
try has gone hand in hand with the 
advance of progress in our country. 

Wool growing is among the world's 
oldest industries. Possibly no other 
fibre is more universally produced and 
used than wool and 1 venture to say 
one cannot name any one thing that 
has given man more comfort than the 
necessities and luxuries he has made 
from wool. It is used on the desert 
and in the tropics to keep men cool 
and it is used in the Arctic regions to 
keep men warm. Wool fabrics are 
used by people in all walks of life. It 
is truly the most democratic as well as 
the most aristocratic of fibres. 

Now, let's talk about the industry as 
it exists in the United States, and 
what's equally important, the story of 
the marketing of the raw product, in 
which subject I presume the majority 
of my listeners are more interested. 
Farmers and ranchmen in every state 
in the Union raise sheep and market 
wool; even within the boundaries of 
the District of Columbia, sheep are 
raised. 

Wool growers in this country have 
long realized that one of their greatest 
needs was the development of a sound 
marketing plan owned and controlled 
by the growers themselves. After many 
years of effort and several attempts at 
organization, followed by disappoint- 
ments, they have built up a marketing 
organization that is national in scope. 

Cooperative wool marketing at the 
present time blankets the entire 
United States. Wool growers in every 
section of the country have access to 
either a State or regional wool cooper- 
ative. Thirty state and regional asso- 
ciations are banded together and mar- 
ket their wool through a central sales 
agency, their own National Wool Mar- 
keting Corporation. Besides these 
there are two other large scale cooper- 
atives, the Ohio W^ool Growers Asso- 
ciation and the Pacific Wool Growers 
Association located in Portland, Ore- 
gon. 

In addition to these large scale wool 
cooperatives there are many small 
county pools in the Middle Western 
and Eastern States. The majority of 
these small pools, however, are known 
more as assembling than cooperative 
marketing organizations, as they mere- 
ly accumulate clips of wool, in some 
instances roughly grade it, and sell to 
the highest bidder. There is little at- 
tempt on the i)art of most of them to 
grade and sell on quality basis direct 
to mill consumers. Dates of sale of 
these pools are often set without con- 
sideration to the basic factors that de- 
termine market prices. Usually the 
pools are so small that very few buyers 
are attracted and it has been claimed 
that even then the bids may be stacked 
and opportunity afforded for prices to 
be agreed upon among buyers before 
the sale takes place. The pool method 
of selling, however, is a step forward 
from the individual bartering method, 
and many times these organizations 
develop into sound cooperative mar- 
keting units or become afliliated with 
associations following a marketing 
plan that affords wider outlets. 

It is estimated that approximately 
21 per cent of the 1934 clip was han- 
dled through coiiperativc marketing 
channels, either through the National 
Wool Marketing Corporation or in- 
dependent local cooperatives. A large 
part of those who patronized the coop- 
eratives a few years ago were more 
interested in the high advance than 
in orderly marketing. 'J'his was clear- 
ly demonstrated in 1933 when the 
market continued to rise throughout 
the shearing season. Ccxiperative ad- 
vances on the commodity could not 



keep pace with the rapidly rising 
prices and many former cooperators 
sold outright. Those who stayed with 
their coiiperative profited materially. 
One fact the average grower seems not 
to realize is that when buyers are mak- 
ing every effort to buy, it is a good 
time to let their cooperative have the 
clip. But too often a grower sells out- 
riglit during a good merchandizing 
year, and then the years when markets 
are dull and buyers are scarce he bur- 
dens his organization with his wool. 

The i)re>ent group of coo ix?ra tors, I 
feel confident, have built up a market- 
ing system that is here to stay. The 
beneficial effect the cooperative ton- 
nage has had upon the market the past 
• ew years is unquestionable and the 
importance of the cooperatives to the 
manufacturer is being realized. 

The educational features in cooper- 
ative wool marketing have been of im- 
mense value to the growers. Many of 
them never had known the grade and 
quality of their clip until they had 
shipped to their cooperative. 

J. M. Coon, 
Farm Credit Acini. 



Patrons^ Forum 

Articles not over 400 words, properly 
signed, will be accepted. Eights are re- 
served to reject articles not suitable. 
(Jrange News is not responsible for any 
opinions expressed in these columns. 



FARMERS AND CREDIT 

Last month we traced the effect of 
the Federal Beserve operations to the 
disastrous deflation of farm credits 
following the close of the World War. 
In the midst of that period the writer 
made a tour westward across the 
northern tier of states to the coast and 
back over the central section of the 
United States, stopping to visit banks 
and ranchmen to learn at first hand, 
the results of the mistaken policy of 
Federal bank system in forcing dras- 
tic liquidation. It was pathetic to see 
the hundreds of closed banks, and the 
desperation of officers of those facing 
bankruptcy of their institutions mere- 
ly because their outstanding loans 
could not be collected on a moment's 
notice, — and because their credits had 
been abruptly shut off by the Federal 
Keserve System. To try to meet their 
calls, they forced ranch- and cattlemen 
to sacrifice their herds of beef-cattle, 
sheep and horses, leaving hundreds of 
prosperous stockmen without a single 
head of livestock or even the means 
of support for their families. Farm 
mortgages were ruthlessly foreclosed 
and thousands of families left to seek 
other ways of living or to become ten- 
ants on farms which they had for- 
merly owned; farms lost, after a life- 
time of hard labor to own them, — 
solely because they had been influ- 
enced to borrow for new machinery 
in order to raise more food that the 
allies might win the war. 

The wreckage that was being 
wrought by this unwise and wholly 
uncalled-for course on the part of the 
bankers, was appalling to one who 
knew something of the west and had 
been operating a bank for many years. 
On returning east the writer made a 
canvass of New York banks to try to 
show them the havoc that was being 
made of the wheat and livestock in- 
dustry. The Wall Street giant banks 
and bankers were heedless of the ruin 
they had brought about, and seemed 
indifferent to the certain disastrous 
effect it would have upon future wel- 
fare of the country; one of the most 
prominent of them contented himself 
by saying: "Well, the farmers and 
cattlemen had no business to get into 
debt and they wouldn't now be in 



this fix." But one bank, in the whole 
New York list, was in the least appre 
ciative of the actual conditions, h 
was a medium-size institution, and it 
had made its own direct investigation 
of the situation, and it had taken steps 
to help save their western financial 
friends by loaning a half million dol- 
lars in sections of the northwest in 
the effort to stave off the worst; but 
the effort was in vain; the wave of 
ruin spread across the land. 

With the wreck of Agriculture and 
stock raising, the bankers turned to 
developing manufacture as an outlet 
for their funds and energies. There 
seemed to be no lack of funds for the 
industrial development of cities of the 
east ; indeed the "expansion tank" of 
the Federal iieserve System was 
opened wide for that. For buildin» 
big factories, big department stores, 
hotels, stations, oflice buildings and 
apartments; for merging of corpora- 
tions, establishing air-and-bus lines' 
for Big Business there was no limit 
for credits; for the farmer, none. 
And then the gambling period of pre- 
depression days blew off the lid of the 
"expansion tank'' — and immediately a 
new one was fabricated by the Sys- 
tem which was riveted on, and the de- 
flation valve was opened wide,— and 
so remains. One has a right to specu- 
late, on a glance backward, that if the 
farmers had not heeded the bankers' 
offer of liberal credits, and the "Win- 
t h e-War" more-food propagandists, 
there would not have been any post- 
war farmers' panic. And if the Fed- 
eral Reserve banking policy had been 
wisely administered there would not 
have been either a farmers' deflation 
wrecking after the war, nor would 
there be the stock market and indus- 
trial wreckage we have been floating 
in the midst of since 1929. 

M. T. Mc. 



May, 1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 15 



lake a chance on an early bean crop, 
'I'hey may survive the cold nights that 
sometimes nip them early in the sea- 
son. 



Plant night scented stocks for fra- 
grance in odd corners. It has no beau- 
ty, but is unexcelled for its spicy odor. 

The groves were God's first temples. 




HEATH 

Whkrkah. It ha.s pleased our heavenly 
Father to remove from our midst Brother 
Clark D. Heath, be It 

Resolved, That we. members of Mayflower 
GranRe, .\o. 1:^11. extend to the bereaved 
family our heartfelt sympathy in their loss 
which is our loss also. 

That we drape our charter for thirty days 
in his memory. 

That a copy of these resolutions be sent 
to the bereaved family. 

That they be recorded on our minutes and 
published in the Gra.nok .N'kws. 

A. E. ^fADIOAN, 

S. M. KaigHT, 
Committee. 
BOYER 

Whkrkas. It has pleased the Dl^i"* 
Master to remove from our midst Brother 
Harry A. Boyer ; a charter member of Derry 
Township GranRe. Xo. 1973; an active and 
loyal member, be It 

Rrsolvrd, That we extend to the bereaved 
family our sincere and heartfelt sympa'''^ 
drape our charter for thirty days. recoM 
these resolutions in our minutes, send a copy 
to the family, and publish in the GbanC 

.\I-5\VS. A. A. EUSALL, 

Hauvky BfSH. 
Mrs. Harry C. Elliott. 

HOUSER 

WnKRKA.s. It has pleased our heavenly 
Father to remove from our midst. Brother 
(Jeorge Houser. be it 

Iicsnh-e<l. That we members of G}^ 
Grange. No. ISl.s. extend our sincere syW' 
pathy to the bereaved family, drape o"^ 
charter for thirty days, record these re«o- 
lutions in our minutes, send a copy to f' 
family, and publish them in the Giu!«'» 
•N'KWH. Mrs. Edna Klin-qensMITH. 

Mrs. Eva Smkltzer. 
Mrs. D. L. Rupert, 

Committee- 



LANCASTER COUNTY POMONA 

Lancaster County Pomona Grange, 
Ko. n, met in all day session April 
13 as guests of Colerain Grange, at 
Kirkwood, with an attendance of 200. 
Visitors were present from Chester, 
Delaware, Lower Bucks, Philadelphia, 
Lebanon and York County Pomonas. 

The Traveling State Gavel was 
brought to Lancaster by the Lower 
Bucks-Philadelphia Pomona and pre- 
sented to Master Charles McSparran, 
of Lancaster, by Master B. Palmer 
Tomlinson. A literary program was 
rendered by the visitors in charge of 
Lecturer, Hanna G. H. Bickering. 

The Gavel will be taken by Lancas- 
ter County to Dauphin County with 
the program on May 11. 

Resolutions adopted by the Grange 
were as follows: 

FIRST, Whereas, House Bill No. 
840, which calls for the placing of an 
8 mill tax on the Mutual Insurance 
Companies of Pennsylvania, and 

Whereas, This will pass the tax di- 
rectly back to the policy holders in 
the form of increased premiums. 

Resolved, That a letter of protest 
against this bill be sent to our State 
Senator, and that any member that 
feek their rights are infringed upon 
in this bill shall also voice their pro- 
test by writing their State Senator. 

SECOND, Wherkas, House Bill 
No. 1199 would increase the i)remium 
rate for compensation insurance. 

Resolved, That a letter of protest 
against this bill should be sent to our 
representatives and Senators, and that 
any members that feel their rights are 
infringed upon, shall also voice their 
protest by writing to their Repre- 
sentatives and Senators. 

THIRD, Whereas, The State has 
no right to interfere with ccniperative 
enterprises where a membership bonds 
together to attend to their own busi- 
ness, therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we commend Gov- 
ernor Earle for his efforts in behalf 
of the dairy farmer, but urgently re- 
quest that he cut out of this bill the 
examination of the cooperatives or 
any interference with their operation. 

FOURTH, Whereas, The appro- 
priation of $4,800,000,(M)0 by the Fed- 
eral Government will give to Pennsyl- 
vania about one million a day for 
work relief, and 

Whereas, This fact should cut down 
the necessity for so much relief, there- 
fore, be it 

Resolved, That we urge the Gover- 
nor of Pennsylvania to revise his pro- 
gram and cut the taxes to be raised 
for relief 50%, and get the money 
from income, excess i)rofit and in- 
heritances, rather than ga.soline and 
sales taxes. 

FIFTH, Whereas, Relief is being 
greatly abused, therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we urge the relief 
authorities to carefully revise their 
lists and compel those who can get 
Work to withdraw from public support. 

At the evening session, the Fifth 
I^pgroe was exemplified to a cla.ss of 
seven by a degree team of Fulton 
Grangers. 



FORTIETH ANNIVERSARY 

OF CHESTNUT GRANGE 

A most enjoyable meeting of the 
^hestnut Ridge Grange, No. 1133, was 
f,eld in their hall at Lone Pine. This 
grange was organized at the home of 
^r- and Mrs. James Hart, at Chest- 
nut Ridge, on March 21, 1895, by S. 
f- Day as deputy and Worthv State 
^fturer W. F. Hill, with 21 charter 
'"embers. Six of this number are still 
ctive in Grange work and three were 
Present at the anniversary. Twelve 
abl^ Passed to the greater Grange 



This Grange now has 70 members 
and is most active and doing splendid 
work. It has two degree teams at 
work. The social life in the Grange 
means much and the nmsical talent 
deserves special mention. 

Following the opening service, the 
Lecturer with the aid of the Lady 
Assistant and pages presented the 
charter members and with beautiful 
words of tribute, each was given 
white carnations. Washington and 
Eureka Granges were specially in- 
vited guests, as these Granges each 
have one of the charter members 
among their number. After the busi- 
ness session these two Granges pre- 
sented a splendid program of music, 
entertainment, readings, choruses and 
quartet numbers and a brief history 
of the honor Grange by Mrs. Annetta 
Moninger Lee, a charter member. A 
fitting tribute was given by R. M. 
Day who.se father helped to organize 
this Grange and brief remarks by J. 
M. Weygandt and J. Wildon Mon- 
inger, both charter members. Mr. 
Moninger was the first secretary and 
George W. Yoders was the first mas- 
ter. 

At the close of the program, the 
social committee very quickly ar- 
ranged a long table spread in snow 
white linen and with lovely silver and 
crystal service in keeping with the 
anniversary. Decorations were in 
green and white. In the center was 
a large birthday cake with 40 green 
candles. The cake was engraved 
"40th Anniversary Chestnut Ridge 
Grange.'' 

Mrs. Doyle Ruth, chairman of the 
social committee and her helpers, all 
dressed in white, as were all the lady 
officers, served the large audience in 
a most pleasing way. Mrs. Conner 
and Miss Margaret Moninger poured. 
Over 200 pieces were cut from the 
large birthday cake. 

Besides the two guest Granges, 
members were present from Prosperity 
(Jretna, Ginger Hill, Cross Creek, 
Davis, Pawnee, Fallowfield and East 
Franklin Granges. 



ACTIVITIES OF FAYETTE 

COUNTY GRANGES 

On April 23d, a joint meeting of 
the following Granges, Perryopolis, 
Morning Star, Rostraver, Curfew, was 
held in the Christian Church in Per- 
ryopolis. After a fine supper a good 
program was carried out by the sev- 
eral (i ranges mentioned above. 

Wednesday the Dawson Grange 
held a siwcial meeting. 

Thursday evening Curfew Grange 
conferred the Third and Fourth De- 
grees on a class of 82 candidates in 
their new hall, which is to be dedi- 
cated on May 23d. This hall is one 
of the finest in the State. Besides the 
82 candidates, 84 members of Curfew 
and 84 guests were present making a 
total attendance of 250. 

Friday evening Pleasant Valley 
held their seventh annual banquet 
when 200 representing many different 
Granges enjoyed a splendid feast. 
Pleasant Valley has 45 applications 
on hand and they informed Curfew 
that by June, when they will initiate, 
that they will have a class of 100. 
Curfew accepted the challenge and 
promised to go one better in Sep- 
tember. 

Saturday a membership drive was 
put on in Markleysburg, which re- 
sulted in securing many applications 
and Saturday evening Markleysburg 
conferred the Third and Fourth De- 
grees on a class of five candidates. 

The State Master attended these 
meetings and is very enthusiastic 
about the interest of the Fayette 
County Patrons. 



FARMERS PLANNING 

SOMEWHAT LARGER CROPS 

The spring grcjwing season is open- 
ing up somewhat earlier than last 
year over most of the country, and 
planting of early crops is now moving 
steadily northward. The Pacific coast 
reports rather backward weather and 
in the Great Plains area all work is 
under the handicap of the duststorms 
and general drought conditions. Live- 
stock raisers throughout the North 
are welcoming the j)rospect of early 
grass. 

Reports received from some 46,000 
farmers in all parts of the country in- 
dicate plans for a moderate increase 
in acreage of the principal crops. 
Such plantings apparently would 
bring the acreage of potatoes, sweet 
potatoes, oats, barley, and rye to 
about the usual figure. The reports 
indicate an intention to increase 
grain sorghums and soybeans. Most 
of the other field crops are indicated 
as likely to be of moderate or below 
average acreage. The March reports 
indicate a total acreage of about 286,- 
000,000 acres or 42,000,000 more than 
last year and 8,000,000 more than 
1933. 

The corn acreage indicated for har- 
vest this year may be expected to total 
about 96,000,000 acres. This will be 
about the same as the area planted 
last year, but would be well above the 
87,000,000 acres finally harvested. 
During the 25 years prior to last sea- 
son, corn acreage was quite stable, 
averaging around 101,000,000 acres. 

The intended acreage of feed crops 
as a whole seems likely to be rather 
large in comparison with the reduced 
numbers of livestock, but reflects the 
need of replenishing the reserves. 

Potatoes are a problem to growers 
this spring. Many carloads of last 
season's crop have been sold at as low 
as 10 cents a bushel to growers. Prices 
this season have been a third lower 
than in 1924, when the crop was about 
the same size, and even lower than in 
1928, a season of very heavy produc- 
tion. These very low prices are natu- 
rally discouraging to planters this 
spring. On the other hand, it means 
that seed is very plentiful and cheap. 
The reports indicate the intention of 
potato growers to plant only a slight- 
ly smaller acreage this year than last, 
and if the growing season should be 
favorable it might be easy to drift 
into another year of very heavy pro- 
duction. 



You don't have to go to the back 
door if you really have something 
worth delivering. 



To err is human : to forgive, divine. 



Classified Column 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 



LECTURER'S ASSISTANT — 40 pages of 
ideas, special programs, features and mis- 
cellaneous suggestions. FIFTY PROGRAMS 
— complete programs outlined for the lec- 
turer's hour. Each book, 50c., postpaid. 
Guy B. Horton, Montpelier, Vermont. 



WANTED 



WANTFn ^se 18 to 50, Interested In 
^^ C^'jL' *-'*^ qualifying for eligibility 
— Mr N '^^^^ '°'' steady U. 8. Gov- 

--,lZ eminent Jobs; start $105 

WOMEN ^o *l''5 month, to get our 
»T v-riTlCi'l Free Questionnaire — find 
out what you are eligible for — no obliga- 
tions whatever. Write to-day. Instruction 
Bureau, Dept. S67. St. Louis, Mo. 



PROSTATE GLAND SUrFEREKS — Free 
information regarding treatment from which 
I received amazing relief. No obligation. 
Nothing to sell. H. H. Eaten, 706 N. 18th 
Street Harrisburg. Pa. 



FOR SALE 



GUARANTEED ONION PLANTS — Raise 
large delicious onions. Bermudas Sweet 
Spanish. Postpaid: 500 for 70c ; I'.OOO for 
$1.35. Columbia Plant Co., Columbiana. 
Ohio. 



POSTPAID PLANTS — Bermuda onions, 
nmlte bigger, sweeter onions. 500 for 75c • 
1.000 for $1.35. Cabbage, 200 for 60c. ; 400 
for $1.00. Catalog free. Mellinoer Seed 
Co.. North Lima, Ohio. 



HARDY ALFALFA SEED, $7.50; Grimm 
Alfalfa, $10.00 ; Red Clover, $11.00 ; Sweet 
Clover, $5.00. All 60-lb. bushel. Track Con- 
cordia. Return seed if not satisfied. Gbo 
Bowman, Concordia, Kansas. 

LOW PRICE on big Pedigreed CheaUr 
Whltee Sows. Boars and Plm. C. K. 
CA88FL. Hersbey. Pa. 



POULTRY 



QUALITY CHICKS — White Leghorna, New 
Hampshire Reds. Big egg strains. Write, 
Nelson's Hatchery, Grove City, Pa. 



EARLY START 

Vocational education in Pennsyl- 
vania, including agriculture, home 
economics, and industrial education, 
had its beginning in the Frame of 
Government of William Penn, accord- 
ing to a bulletin of the Department of 
Public Instruction. Penn's famous 
article declared: '*That all children 
within the Province . . . shall be 
taught some useful trade or skill, to 
the end that none be idle, but the poor 
may work to live, and the rich, if they 
ix'coiiK^ ])()()\\ may not want." 



FOE SALE 

Registered Jersey Cattle, and Ches- 
ter White Swine. Our dairy herd is 
headed by the sire of the Grand Cham- 
pion Cow of the 1935 Farm Show, and 
twenty of his daughtf^rs. 

J. A. BOAK & Sons, 
New Cnstle, Pa. 



fHfPIC^ ''■o'" Antigen B.W.D. Tested 
V^I^IV^IVO flocks. Barred Rocks, Reds, 
White Leghorns $6.50. Order now. FREE 
circular. W. A. Lauver, 239 Kellervllle Rd.. 
McAIisterville, Pa. 



QUALITY CHICKS loo 

A. A. Leghorns $7.60 

Utility Leghorns or Heavy Mixed ....$6.80 
R. I. Reds, N. H. Reds, W. Wyandottes .$7.00 
Barred, White or Buff Rocks $7.00 

Plum Creek Poultry Farm ft Hatchery 
Sun bury, Pa. 



BABY CHICKS-P,i'_%l,-oli 

Cockerels from hundreds of Big Bodied White 
Leghorn Breeders mated to Cockerels from 
one of the largest ROP Breeders In New York 
State. Also extra quality Mottled Anconas. 
Brown Leghorns. Sunnyfleld Black Mlnorcai. 
Barred Rocks, White Rocks, New Hampehlre 
Reds, White Wyandottes, Golden Buff Orping- 
tons. Priced very reasonable, batched fcy ex- 
pert incubator operators. Guarantee to re- 
place all chicks lost first 14 days at 5c each 
Good chicks for commercial poultrymen. (CC 
1905.) American Chzckbrib8, Grampian. 
Pennsylvania. 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 

OF EVERY DESCRIPTION 
Thm Rmcognimmd Standard Evmrywhmv 

REGALIA . BADGES - EMBLEMS 

Took, Fla*«. Labor SaTing Books 
S*nd for Catalogue 

C. y BAINBRIDGE. SYRACUSE. N. T. 



mRHHING IN FIELD & GARDEN SEEDS 



6tt 0« Cwipitt* Pries Uit OW SEEDS SATBPT 

AU. BAOe TAOOCO WITM WStmm A OBNMIMATIOM 

Medium Clover 



Gc^rt s»^*!Zi5 



'•'^ Verified { ~ 



S 
E 
E 
D 

S METCALF'S 



Mammoth CIot< 
Grimm Alfalfa 

Raclaanad Akika ^..„ " 

White BloMom Sweat CloTav ** 

Raclaanad Timothy ** 

20% Timothy.AUika Mixed. ** 
Alberta Clustar Seed Oats ... ** 

2-Row Alpha Barlay ** 

MetcalTa Perf act Eii«lacaCoi« 
We«t Branch SwaapatakaaCom 
Bic YaUow SwaapatakaaCora " 
Cornell No. 11 Com. ** 

Mfteair s Best SMHqr Ljm Sm«, S te. $1 50 



17.70 

19.80 

19.20 

7.S0 

11.28 

11.70 

1.00 

1.80 

3.78 

3.00 

3.28 

2.78 



BOX A 



CHITTCNAMQO. N. V. 



CANLY euvcRe OCT cncAM or cnop 
Order ifinct /torn this adotrtUnntnL Inttant th/pmemt. 



Page 16 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1935 



Don't Pay a Penalty for City Traffic ! 




Savel5%to30% 



Rural dwellers who do most of their driving in the country, run much less risk of accident than 

city traffic drivers. An automobile accident policy with P. T. F. gives you all the advantages of 

special low rates for living in the country and doing most of your driving on safe country roads. 

Full protection with absolute safety. Assets of the P. T. F. are nearly $1,000,000.00. 

Ask About Our $1700 Automobile Policy 

The new Financial Responsibility Law may cause you to lose your license if you have an accident 
and are not protected. Our policy gives you complete protection, paying lawyers* fees and dam- 
ages. You can't afford to drive your car without it! 



STANDARD AUTO POLICY 

We write a Standard Automobile Policy 
for Public Liability, Property Damage, 
Kre and Theft, and also furnish cover- 
ing in the United States and Canada, at 
a saving of from 25% to 30%. 



NET GAIN 

Save with a Company that has made a 
gain of 46,8% in premium writings for the 
first six months of 1934 as compared with 
the same period last year. 



COMPENSATION 

Our Workmen's Compensation Policy 
provides protection for the employer as 
well as the employee at a small additional 
cost and has paid a substantial dividend 
every year since its organization. 



Pennsylvania Threshermen & Farmers Mutual Cas. Ins. Co. 

325-333 South 18th Street Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 

SEE OUR LOCAL AGENT— THERE IS ONE LOCATED NEAR YOU. 



PENNSYLVANIA THRESHERMEN & FARMERS MUTUAL CASUALTY INSURANCE COMPANY 

325-333 South 18th Street, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 

GENTLEMEN: I cm interested in \ ^"'"f^"'^""" ^"^"^""^ D 

( Truck or Automobile Insurance Q 

// is understood that this inquiry is not to obligate me in any way whatsoever. 
Name > _„ 



Address.. 
Business 
Payroll. 



Street and Number 



Oi9 



County 



Make of Car Model. 



LIBRARY 

U S DEPT OF AGRr 



IRARV 




■."♦ 



EJntered as second-class matter at the Post Office at Harrlsburg, Pa., under Aat of Congrees of March 8, 1879 



VOL XXXII 



HARRISBURG, PA., JUNE, 1935 



No. 3 



Grange Extension Most 

Important Issue Today 

State Master^ s Letter of May 15 Outlined 
Plan. Objective 10,000 New Members. 
Eligible Farmers Invited to Share 
Benefits of Grange Organization 



ACCEPTING the definition of the 
l\ International Encyclopedia, 

"The Grange is a nonpolitical 
Order and makes its appeals to legis- 
latures and the Congress in the inter- 
est of agriculture, in spirit of fairness 
and for the common welfare. It was 
largely instrumental in securing the 
passage of the Inter-state Commerce 
Act, the Oleomargarine Law, the 
Hatch Act founding experimenting 
stations, the law making the head of 
the Department of Agriculture a cab- 
inet officer. Rural Mail Delivery, Pos- 
tal Savings Bank Law, the Parcel 
Post Law, and many other State and 
National laws which show a broad- 
minded statesmanship." 

This definition though broad in its 
scope scarcely covers the field of 
Grange activity. It is true that some 
of the most effective work the Grange 
has ever done has been in the legisla- 
tive field. Not only the above laws 
in which the Grange was interested 
in years gone by, but in each succes- 
sive year Grange organizations in 
every State in the Union champion 
the cause of agriculture and fight for 
the needs of the farmer. One speaker 
says, "The only organization that can 
hring relief to the farmers is the 
Grange. We must realize its power, 
Its potency, and its intelligence. If 
the Grange does not measure up and 
bring relief, nobody else will." This 
challenge must be accepted by every 
Grange worker in Pennsylvania as 
directed to him or to her. In the pres- 
6iit campaign for extension of the 
pounds of the Order in this State, it 
18 necessary for every Deputy, Po- 
niona Master, or any other oflBcer to 
advocate the things for which the 
grange stands both in our State and 
National life. The general objects as 
announced in the Declaration of Pur- 
poses are twofold; first, "United by 
the strong and faithful tie of agricul- 
ture, we mutually resolve to labor for 
t°e good of our Order, our country, 
*ud mankind." Second, "We heartily 
^dorse the motto, *In essentials, uni- 
•y» in nonessentials, liberty; in all 
t'^inga, charity.' " 

^y observing these general objects, 
H^ange leaders will always follow the 
'i^ht channels. Great victories in our 
^deavors in the past hare always been 

** oy adherence to united action in 



all essential activities. To increase 
the strength and power, there must 
be a continued adherence to this prin- 
ciple of united action. Working as a 
unit, great armies have conquered; 
in unison, organizations, political and 
otherwise, have won and the Grange 
can only forge ahead by marching 
forward and onward in the battle of 
agriculture for equality. 

The annual campaign for member- 
ship is now on and there are two 
objectives in the minds of the State 
Grange Executive Committee; first, 
that membership be increased by at 
least 10,000 during the year 1935; 
second, that by this increase there be 
aroused a deeper sense of responsibil- 
ity to advance the cause of agriculture 
and bring to the farmers accrued 
benefits financially and otherwise. 
With these two objects in mind, every 
Grange deputy and Master of Subor- 
dinate or Pomona Grange will carry 
out the purposes of the letter mailed 
by the Worthy Master on May 15. 

First, take immediate steps to com- 
plete some community project ; sec- 
ond, increase the service of your 
Grange to your community; third. 



increase your membership; and, 
fourth, see to it that your Grange is 
a benefit to your community. While 
we take pride in the accomplishments 
of the Grange during the past, the 
most important piece of work for us 
to do is to see that we build for the 
present and the future. The Master's 
letter of May 15, has that objective 
in mind and all deputies and officers 
will do well to follow the suggestions 
contained therein. 

During the past year Grange News 
has published a series of articles set- 
ting forth some of the things the 
Grange has done in a big way for the 
benefit of the rural people of Penn- 
sylvania. These articles were not 
written in a spirit of boastfulness, but 
simply to acquaint the rank and file 
of our members with the work of the 
Grange. The record of achievement 
chronicled in these articles is one of 
which we may all feel proud, neverthe- 
less. We may also feel proud of the 
present legislative program of the 
State Grange, which is a list of things 
we have agreed to work and fight for. 
That program is as sound as a dollar, 
and it is deserving of public support. 

In making their canvass for new 
members, the Granges should not fail 
to bring this program to the attention 
of those whom they may invite to 
affiliate with the organization. When 
we ask people to join the Grange, we 
should not feel as though we were 
asking them to do us a favor. We 
should rather feel that we are inviting 
them to share a benefit with us. In 
view of the substantial nature of the 
Grange, its past accomplishments, and 
(Concluded on page 15.) 



Flag 




June 



Day Tfggr 1 4th 



Farm Groups 
Putting Up a 
Vigorous Fight 

The Grange and other organized 
farm groups are making an effort to 
prevent the enactment of Senate Bill 
No. 1629, providing for Federal reg- 
ulation of motor transportation in 
interstate and foreigrn commerce. 
This bill recently passed the Senate 
without even the formality of a roll 
call and is now i)ending in the House. 

The farm groups maintain that 
there is no public demand for Federal 
regulation of rates and practices in 
connection with motor transportation. 
The bill is backed by the railroads 
and by those who are engaged in the 
operation of trucks on a large scale. 
This latter group would like to stran- 
gle the little fellow and form a monop- 
oly for its own benefit. 

The farm groups and others who 
are opposing this legislation naturally 
are in favor of proper regulation of 
the size, weight and speed of motor 
vehicles on our highways; but such 
regulation is an exercise of the police 
power of the several states. Any 
abuses in this connection can and 
should be remedied by the states them- 
selves. 

The Grange particularly objects to 
those features of the bill which would 
place even more stringent regulations 
upon interstate motor carriers than 
are now imposed upon the railroads. 

The National Milk Producers' Fed- 
eration estimates that the enactment 
of the bill would impose additional 
costs upon dairy organizations aggre- 
gating from $60,000,000 to $70,000,- 
000 a year. The interests of cotton, 
fruit and vegetable growers, livestock 
producers and all the farmers of the 
United States would be adversely af- 
fected by this uncalled for legislation. 







MORE STEERS ARE 

BEING FATTENED 

Forty per cent more steers have 
been on feed in Pennsylvania during 
the past winter than a year ago, ac- 
cording to estimates based upon the 
latest cattle inventory made by the 
Federal-State Crop Reporting Service. 

The abundance of hay and grain in 
most cattle feeding sections of Penn- 
sylvania in contrast to the extreme 
shortage in mid-western states re- 
sulted in a heavy buying of feeder 
cattle last fall by thousands of farm- 
ers here who had surplus feed. 

In the corn belt states, report! in- 
dicate 36 per cent fewer cattle on feed 
compared with a year ago with Ne- 
braska, South Dakota and Kansas 
having considerably less than half 
their 1934 totals. 



\^ 



-\> 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 2 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



June, 1935 




Grange Automobile Insurance 

LOW COST 



COUNTRY WIDE CLAIM SERVICE 

Patrons Save 35% to 60% from Prices charged by Commercial Companies 

Liability, Property Damage, Collision, Fire, Theft and /or Tornado 

Best's Rating Bureau Gives Your Company Their Highest Rating of 

J\-{- EXCELLENT 



FULL STANDARD POLICIES 

Agents Wanted 

Desirable Territory 
Open 



A+ 



OVER 20,000 PATRONS INSURED 

Yes! I do believe in sound protection, desire to materially reduce the cost of automobile 
insurance and wish to boost a Grange project. 

f^tthout any Mgation you may qmU the premium to insure my car. 



Name of Vehicle 
Type of Body 



Model Seriei 
Year Ballt 



No. 
CyL 



Month and Year 
Purchaied ai new 



Type of Vehicle 
PleaM Check 



I I Private PaMenrer 

I I Commercial Tmck-Toaoaxe, 



LJ Farm Truck 
Uae 



My automobile is principally garaged and used in Township of 

and County of My present policy expires.... 

I am a member of GrangeNo! 

^^^^ Occupation 

Mail Address 

Street or RPD 



Town or City 



State 



SAVE MONEY 

Let Your Local Grange Representative Help You Reduce Your Insurance Costs 

LMS COUNTY BOfu r^niTM-rv -.^^ 



ADAMS COUNTY 

Edyar W. Weaner, Gettysborff 

ARMSTRONG COUNTY 

Carl M. Marshall, Daytpn 

James E. Farster, Kittanning, R. D. No. 1 

BEAVER COUNTY 

Armour R. Mullan, Rochestor 
Glenn Devitt, Hookstown 
Ralph S. McClain. Beaver Falls 

BEDFORD and BLAIR COUNTIES 

V. Ross Nicodemus, Martlnshorg 

BERKS COUNTY 

Calvin R. Bagenstose, MohrsTiUo 

BRADFORD COUNTY 

Joab K. Mahood, Columbia Crooa Roada 
H. J. Gancloff, New Albany 
W. J. Newell, Wellsburf. N. Y. 
Leroy Race, Wyalusing 

BUCKS COUNTY 

Harry N. C. Chubb, Doylcstown 

BUTLER COUNTY 

Geo. C. Schweinsberg, Butler 
Dwight Cruickshank, Valencia 

CAMBRIA COUNTY 

Stanton J. Evans, Ebensburg, R. D. No. S 
H. M. Mohler, Carrolltown 
Catherine M. Skelley, Wilmore 

C. T. Settlemyer, Vi^ilmore 

CARBON COUNTY 

Russell H. Snyder, Palmerton 

CENTER AND CLINTON COUNTIES 

D. W. Miles, State College, P. Q. Box 366 

CHESTER and DELAWARE COUNTIES 

Earla G. Reiter, Glenmore 

James E. Brown, Nottingham 

Charles W. Davis, West Chestar, R. D. No. • 

CLARION COUNTY 

Geo. E. Henry, New BetblebaM 

CLEARFIELD COUNTY 

J. Walter Hamer. Wast Dacatvr 
Wm. A. Hipps, Curwensville 

COLUMBIA COUNTY 

Wayde G. Robbins, MilMlla 
Elmer E. Shultz, Benton 
Rea Croop, Briar Creek 
Daisy R. LeVan, Catawissa 

CRAWFORD COUNTY 

Howard D. Amy, TownviUa 
Wilbur S. Dennington. Meadvllla 
Walter R. Tucker, CambHdco Sprlaga 
Walte r Connick, ConneaatvlUa 
Narfai R. Dickson, Carry 
Waltor A. Miles, Tltusvlllo 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY 

H. Glenn Smith, Shippensburg 

ELK COUNTY 

Wm. B. Stela, Rldgway 

Arthur Hunt, 320 Eik Ave., Johnaonbarg 



ERIE COUNTY 

Chas. D. Cook, Glrard 

Leater V. Evans, East Spriagflald 

H. D. Whitney. Corry 

N. W. Couse, North Eaat 

FAYETTE COUNTY 

John T. Smith, Uniontown 

C. Clarence Laub, Markleysburg 

John B. Truxel, Mt. Pleasant 

FRANKLIN COUNTY 

Victor H. Myera, Wayneabor* 

J. Stanley Fouat, Chamberaburg, R. D. No. I 

John T. Ruhl, St. Thomas 

GREENE COUNTY 

J. E. Graham, Wayneaburg 

HUNTINGDON COUNTY 

Chas. L. Goss, Alexandria 

INDIANA COUNTY 

C. Lynn Furmann, Home 
Irvin N. Barr, Commodore 

JEFFERSON COUNTY 

Vern E. Carr, Punxsutawney 
Harry E. McGary, BrookviUa 
Mai7 J. Baughman, Summerrllle 
E. C. Doversplke, Timhiln 
J. I. AUshouse, Brookville 

JUNiATA COUNTY 

Benj. E. Groninger, Port Royal 

LACKAWANNA COUNTY 

T. M. Kresge, Falls 

Geo. E. Ames, Gouldsboro 

LANCASTER COUNTY 

Ellwood W. Stuber, Lincobi 

LAWRENCE COUNTY 

ij'^^,"*^^ ^••Hf New Castla 
Ed. W. Munn, Lowellvilla. Ohio 

LEBANON COUNTY 

lehiot-'county"' ^- '''°'' '""■• ^'""' 

John J. Marcks, WescoeavUla 

LUZERNE COUNTY 

Harry M. Line, Shickahlnny 

LYCOMING COUNTY 

F Cleatus Robbins, Muncy Valley 
W. Arthur WiUits, Linden 

McKEAN COUNTY 

Raymond Peterson, Kane 

MERCER COUNTY 

Harry H. Fry, Greenville 
David F. Tait, Mercer 
Edgar H. Conner, Grove City 

MONROE COUNTY 

Henry C. HoflFman, BrodheadsvUla 

MONTGOMERY COUNTY 

Marcua S. Barrett, Lfaiflold 



MONTOUR COUNTY 

Jamea H. Hartman, DaBvlUa 

NORTHAMPTON COUNTY 

John H. Borger, Northampton, R. D. No. 2 

NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY 

Stewart R. Wertman. Wataantowr 

rK-*"" h 2^""V"\?.V"*'"'^y' ^- F. D. No. 1 
Chas. H. Marsh, Milton 

POTTER COUNTY 

^'M.•;*' Yi Kibbe, Ulyaaaa 

!."'■? f • Appleby. Shiaglahowee 

Lloyd A. Tyler, Coudersport, R. F. D. No. 6 

SCHUYLKILL COUNTY 

Russel C. Teter, BarnesvilU 

SOMERSET COUNTY 

J; B. W. Stufft, Ralphton 
Xj=*?r 5- Glessner, Berlhi 
W. M. G. Day, Rockwood 

SULLIVAN COUNTY 

Carl J. Yonkin, Dusboro 

SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY 

Clark N. Bush, Springvilla 
Mmnion N. HalL Montroaa 
Vern A. Plew, Thompaon 

TIOGA COUNTY 

^■"f K. Campbell, WeUabors 
E. B. Doraett, Manafield 
Ira C. Luce, Weatfield 
,,irff.^- Gilbert, Jackaon Summit 

VENANGO COUNTY 

p. N. Moore, Emienton 

Leo S. Bumpua, Cooparatewa 

Grover P. Brown, Utica 

WARREN COUNTY 

'^■i?.-.''V^'"'"*'*'*"' Gaaenil Inaormaca. 
sugar Grove 

WASHINGTON COUNTY 
^*R**d''n?*'2"***"***' ^■'^•■'^■»"«. 

Ransom M. Day, Waahlacton 

WAYNE COUNTY 

C. L. Highhouse, HonoadaU 
Wm. A. Avery, Honaadalo 

WESTMORELAND COUNTY 

George A Kiser, BradenviUe 
John B. Truxel, Mt. Pleasant 

WYOMING COUNTY 

Tracy R. Gregory, Daltoa 
Arthur J. Davis, Noxan 

YORK COUNTY 

Arthur N. Bowman, Haaovar 
Otto L. Soahr, Dlllsbarv 

UNION COUNTRY "°'""'' *"• "•"""■• 

ch«*'i,."M:!:;:i;!i5Si.'!r"""— 



^1 M^a^tf^^a mm ^^^. m. m.m^^ *-""• "' '^■••■h. Milton 

NATIONAL GRANGE MUTUAL LIABILITY COMPANY 

RRmrH nppirr c «l. . n-'-"^ ^^\l f/."?.'^'" N'^TIONAL grange insurance COMPANY) 

BMMCH OFFICE: Soutbeastem Division. 513-514 Mechanics Trust BIdg.. HARRISBURG. PA. HOME OFFICE: KEENE. NEW HAMPSHIRE 




June, 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 3 



4// Farmers Included in 

Proposed Compensation haw 

jigricultural Laborers and Domestics In- 
cluded. Minors Given Right to File 
Claim Against Parents 



THE present compensation law ex- 
empts agricultural laborers and 
domestics and therefore farm op- 
erators are not required to carry com- 
npnsation insurance for such employ- 
II However, if House Bill No. 1199 
becomes a law in this State, agricul- 
tural laborers and domestics will be 
inHuded in such law and farmers will 
be required to take out compensation 
insurance Coverage to protect them- 
selves. The present Compensation Act 
was passed in 1915 and shortly there- 
after tne Pennsylvania State Grange 
organized the Grange Mutual Casu- 
ally Company for the purpose of giv- 
ing protection to our members against 
any liability, whether under the com- 
pensation law or the common law, to 
cover their farm operations. This 
company operated until a few years 
ago and during the course of its life 
not sufficient business was written to 
support the continuance of the organ- 
ization. 

As stated above, agriculture has 
been exempt from the compensation 
law and rightly so. In the first place, 
agriculture is different from every 
other form of industry. The farmer 
is both a capitalist and a laborer, 
wliether he owns his farm or operates 
it for comeone else, he employs both 
capital and labor. However, his labor 
in thousands of cases is drawn from 
his own family. His sons and daugh- 
ters are a part of the personnel of 
liis plant, and for generations sons 
have succeeded fathers in the owner- 
ship and management of that plant. 
The farm is a community institution. 
It is a factory that provides food for 
humanity, but the management of 
that factory is vastly different from 
the management of an industrial in- 
stilution. 

The farmer is not only interested 
in the production of food ; he is in- 
terested in the making of men and 
women. From the hills cometh the 
strength of every city. From the 
farms have come 75 per cent of the 
successful business men of this State. 
According to Section 104 (subsec- 
tion A), "All natural persons, includ- 
ing minors who perform services of 
any kind, including agricultural serv- 
ices, or domestic services, for another 
f?r a valuable consideration, exclu- 
sive of persons whose employment is 
casual in character and not in the 
^(Jgular course of the business of the 
employer ..." are covered by House 
^ill Xo. 1199. 

As already stated, agriculture has 
"^n exempt under the present law 
and agricultural laborers have always 
had their inherent rights to sue under 



the 



common law, in the event of ac- 



^idents caused by gross negligence or 
»y the fault of the employer, as well 
« for employment not strictly agri- 
cultural. 

There are 172,000 farms in Penn- 

y'vania and less than ten per cent 

.^^ farm owners and operators 

iQoft , compensation insurance in 

r^; because, first, the cost is well 

Jp Prohibitive; second, due to the 

^^^P^ion clause in the Compensation 

the ' ^^^ third, the willingness on 

y^l Pj^^of the farmer to contribute 

chaTi^ k^^ to those who may by any 

w«J^^^ injured. Farmers have al- 

plov °°°^® *^ *^6 relief of their em- 

y^8 and neighbors in times of dis- 



tress and numerous instances can be 
cited where crops were put out by 
neighbors when a farmer was sick or 
in distress, and every other assistance 
rendered without even a thought of 
remuneration. 

Many farmers of Pennsylvania, in 
addition to outside help, employ sons 
and daughters at stipulated wages. 
Thousands of farmers employ do- 
mestics who are taken into the family 
as one of their number, even though 
they are paid a wage. Under the 
terms of this bill, according to Sec- 
tion 108, "For the purposes of this 
Act, minors shall have the same power 
to contract, make settlements, file 
claims for compensation, and receive 
compenstaion as adult employees, sub- 
ject, however, to the power of the 
Board in its discretion at any time to 
require appointment of a guardian 
. . . any minor employed by his 
parent or parents shall have the right 
to file a claim for compensation un- 
der this Act against such parent or 
parents in his own name and in his 
own right, and to enforce the pay- 
ments of such compensation. This 
section is especially damaging to our 
farm operators. In thousands of cases, 
farmers are dependent entirely upon 
the help of their sons and daughters; 
not only minors, but sons above the 
age of twenty-one are employed by 
their fathers. This bill ignores all 
consideration of respect for, obedience 
and loyalty to the father or the head 
of the family. It definitely attacks 
the very foundation of good govern- 
ment — the stability of the home — and 
sets up rights of minors never here- 
tofore recognized. Section 108 is def- 
initely out of line with the principles 
of American Government and must 
not be allowed to become a part of 
the law. 

House Bill Xo. 1199 is pointed out 
by advocates of the measure as, "One 
of the most important measures in 
the Administration Program is that 
increasing the benefits for injured 
workers from the present $7.00 mini- 
mum and $15.00 maximum, to a $12.00 
minimum and a $25.00 maximum." 
If this bill is allowed to become a 
law, it will further embarrass and 
distress the farmers of Pennsylvania. 
It will be physically impossible for 
farmers to meet the terms of this bill 
if enacted into law. 

In 1930, a study was made of the 
tax burden of the farmers of Penn- 
sylvania as related to other groups, 
and the following interesting data 
should be considered before any addi- 
tional burden is placed upon the farm 
taxpayer. This study of the tax bur- 
den revealed the following: 

Per 

Cent 

Farm 

is of 



Popula- 
tion.. 

Wealth. 

Income. 

Taxes 
Paid. 



Farm 



Non-Farm Total 



910. S47 8,565.153 9.62 

.$1,500,000,000 $28,850,000,000 5.20 

265,954,000 7,218,000,000 3.68 



36,090,200 



687,853,300 



This indicates that, in proportion 
to income, agriculture should carry 
about $25,000,000 tax burden but now 
carries over $36,000,000. Assuming 
that 30,000 farms of the total of 172,- 
000 farms in Pennsylvania are oper- 
ated in conjunction with other farms, 
there are approximately 140,000 farm- 




. lire t^^ '^*''''' 

from to^""'" 

.,e. tVvat Vve l^eB 

^aVVng a ten ^.^ ^Vve n ^^.^ 
-- ^-^- :!at .eu tV^e ne. V-t 
broken pa^^- , i« evet ready 

'ou!enat*eoVPO-.,^ contact ^\ 




ers in Pennsylvania who will be sub- 
jected to at least the minimum com- 
pensation fee of $25.00 each, or a total 
of $3,500,000. Thus the tax burden of 
agriculture will be increased by this 
amount if House Bill No. 1199 be 
enacted into law. 

Again, the tax burden of the farmer 
has increased constantly while the 
value of agricultural crops has de- 
clined 60 per cent during the last 
eight years. Therefore, we earnestly 
request that no legislation be passed 
which will add to the farmers' burden. 

Farming like all other businesses 
has its hazards and even laborers and 
employees must be expected to exer- 
cice care and precaution to protect 
their personal welfare. Under House 
Bill No. 1199, Section 301 (B), the 
right to receive compensation shall 
not be affected by the fact that a 
minor is employed by his parent or 
parents or is employed or is per- 
mitted to be employed in violation of 
the laws of this Commonwealth relat- 
ing to the employment of minors, or 
that he obtained his employment by 
misrepresenting his age or that any 
minor or other employee on account of 
whose injury or death the benefits are 
claimed was violating any law or rule 



or regulation of the business or in- 
dustry or a positive order of the em- 
ployer at the time of the injury, ex- 
cept that no minor or employee shall 
bt^ entitled to receive compensation 
under the act who at the time of in- 
jury was engaged in the commission 
of a felony. 

Il i?; thus seen that under the terms 
of House Bill No. 1199, any farmer 
employing either his son or other em- 
ployees will be subject to all acts done 
by such employees, even though such 
acts be contrary to his order. 

The assumption in this phase of 
the bill seems to be that the farmers 
of this State would not properly pro- 
vide and care for their own sons and 
daughters in the event of their injury, 
and would throw that responsibility 
upon the State. Such an assumption 
is absolutely unwarranted and un- 
thinkable, and it would be an out- 
rageous injustice to the farmers of 
Pennsylvania for the Legislature to 
enact a law which would set children 
at war with their parents on matters 
that never have required statutory 
regulation or protection. 

The farmers of Pennsylvania very 
largely sell their products within this 
State. Their markets are sustained by 



Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



June, 1935 



the payrolls of industry. Already our 
markets for part of our crops have 
been lost to other states, and any dry- 
ing up of the industry in this Com- 
monwealth will further destroy what 
remains of the present market for 
our agricultural crops. The farmers 
of Pennsylvania, therefore, would suf- 
fer both directly and indirectly from 
the legislation proposed in this bill, 
and we cannot look calmly upon a 
measure which we believe would be 
drastically destructive to our markets, 
from which the farmers of Pennsyl- 
vania now derive a bare livelihood. 
The object of all legislation affecting 
the farmers should be to strengthen 
the position of the farmer by preserv- 
ing his power to operate his own busi- 
ness individually or collectively. 

Every farmer interested in the pres- 
ervation of his home and occupation 
will do well to contact the Senator of 
his district at once, concerning this 
vicious piece of legislation. 



SPRING WORK GOING SLOWLY 

April did not bear out the promise 
of an early season which had devel- 
oped in March. The month past has 
been cool and rainy, delaying spring 
operations throughout the North, 
while in the western and southwestern 
plains region persistent drought and 
dust storms have played havoc. Oats 
and spring wheat seedings are behind- 
hand probably a week or more. Corn 
planting has progressed slowly north- 
ward through Missouri and the Ohio 
Valley and is now several days late. 

The rains and snows have put some 
sorely needed moisture in the north- 
ern and eastern wheat territory, how- 
ever. Except for the delay in sowing, 
conditions in the spring wheat region 
are perhaps as favorable for making 
a crop as they have been in several 
years. Farmers' reports on planting 
intentions have indicated around 18,- 
000,000 acres of spring wheat for 
harvest this year. About that acreage 
was sown last spring but only half of 
it was harvested because of the 
drought. 

Winter wheat is in very poor con- 
dition in the western belt. Last 
month's reports indicated a probable 
abandonment of about 28 per cent of 
the total winter wheat seedings. How- 
ever, wheat is in better shape than 
last year in the eastern belt and in 
the soft wheat areas generally. 

Remaining stocks of old wheat in 
this country are nearly 100,000,000 
bushels smaller than at this time last 
year. Stocks in Canada on April 1 
were about 22,000,000 less than a year 
ago. In the principal exporting coun- 
tries outside of Europe, taken alto- 
gether, there were around 200,000,000 
bushels less wheat on hand April 1 
this year than last; and world wheat 
stocks are probably 300,000,000 smaller 
than last year. 

The early vegetable and fruit crops 
have been delayed somewhat by the 
bad weather and show some effects 
of frost. Apple prospects, however, 
are still considered good. Shipments 
of potatoes, onions, and cabbage lately 
have been running heavier than a 
year ago. All produce shipments are 
increasing now as the new southern 
products come into market. Most of 
the early crop receipts during the last 
month have sold higher than a year 
ago. 

The backward April weather added 
to the worries of the livestock raisers 
of the West. New grass has been slow 
to start and the whole feed situation 
continues very tight, especially in the 
drought areas. Cattle and sheep are 
in poor condition. The herds in the 
plains region are mostly reduced to 
breeding stock. With the improving 



market there is every incentive to 
save them but how to get sufficient 
feed is a very serious problem at the 
present moment. 

This Bureau's annual estimate of 
farm population has just been com- 
pleted. It appears that the movement 
of population between farm and town 
slowed down somewhat during 1934. 
There was a net movement away from 
the farms of 211,000; but the total 
farm population, by reason of excess 
of births over losses, increased slightly 
to a figure of 32,779,000. 



FARM POPULATION, 

JANUARY 1, 1935 

Farm population was 32,779,000 on 
January 1, 1935, compared with 32,- 
509,000 one year earlier, according to 
the annual estimate made by this 
Bureau. The 1935 figure continues 
the upward trend in number of per- 
sons living on farms which began in 
1930. The net gain of 270,000 during 
1934 is practically the same as that 
recorded for the preceding year and is 
much below the annual increases 
which occurred earlier in the depres- 
sion period. Furthermore, the net 
gains in both 1933 and 1934 were less 
than the annual surplus of births over 
deaths among the farm population. 
Although the net changes during 1934 
vary only slightly from those occur- 
ring the preceding year, pronounced 
differences occurred in several of the 
major geographic divisions, particu- 
larly in those most seriously affected 
by drought. 

The Farmward Migration Continued 
TO Decune in 1934 

The movement from cities, towns, 
and villages to farms during 1934 was 
783,000, compared with 951,000 the 
preceding year and a peak of 1,740,000 
during 1930. This decrease was rela- 
tively greatest in the East North Cen- 
tral, South Atlantic, and East South 
Central States. Some improvement in 
nonagricultural employment opportu- 
nities, more adequate relief, and what 
is probably most important, the grow- 
ing difficulty of finding available 
housing on farms apparently account 
for this slowing up. 

The movement from cities, towns, 
and villages to farms in the West, 
North Central and Mountain States 
did not decrease as much as did the 
movement elsewhere. Most of this is 
probably explained by the fact that 
many persons leaving farms in the 
most severely drought-affected areas 
went first to the towns for a longer or 
shorter stay. In the late fall a num- 
ber of them moved back on farms 
again, some to the localities from 
which they had come, because rains 
had given some hope for a new crop 
year; others, to different localities, 
perhaps to different States. Schedules 
received from certain parts of Minne- 
sota, Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska, Kan- 
sas, and Idaho reported such moves. 

JUVENILE GRANGE 

GIVES DEMONSTRATION 

Shiloh Grange held its regular 
meeting on April 27 with a good at- 
tendance. Pomona Master and Mrs. 
Wheaton were present and gave some 
very interesting and instructive re- 
marks, also County Agent Carter and 
wife of Fayette County. 

During the Lecturer's hour, the Ju- 
veniles put on a demonstration of 
their work and initiated a class of 
twenty-five honorary members and 
one Juvenile member. This work was 
done in a very creditable manner and 
showed that much care and training 
had been done by their Matron and 
Patron. 



FARM PRICES MAKE 

SLIGHT INCREASE 

Prices paid farmers for many im- 
portant agricultural products in- 
creased slightly between March 15 and 
April 15. 

Increases were reported in the prices 



C ommodity 
Wheat per bu $1.00 



of wheat corn, oats, barley rye, apples 
beef cattle, veal calves, sheep, lambs' 
milk cows, horses, mules, chickens' 
butter and butterfat. Potato, hay and 
egg prices declined while the price of 
buckwheat, turkeys, milk and wool 
remained the same as on March 15. 
Apr. Mar. 

1910-'U 1935 



Corn per bu. 

Oats per bu 

Barley per bu. . . . 

Rye per bu 

Buckwheat per bu. 
Potatoes per bu. 



70 

50 

68 

79 

70 

75 

Hay per ton 16 . 85 



Apples per bu 
Hogs per 100 lbs. ... 
Beef cattle per 100 lbs 
Veal calves per 100 lbs 

Sheep per 100 lbs 

Lambs per 100 lbs. . . . 

Milk cows per head 53 .40 

Horses per head 178 . 80 

Mules per head .... 

Chickens per lb, 
Turkeys per lb. 
Milk per 100 lbs 
Butter per lb. . . 

Butterfat per lb .... 

Eggs per doz .184 

Wool per lb . 228 



.95 
8.28 
6.46 
7.70 
5.16 
6.82 



.138 

• • • • 

1.58 
.30 



$.95 

.82 

.55 

.70 

.72 

.56 

.33 

14.80 

1.05 

8.70 

7.10 

8.10 

4.10 

7.40 

57.00 

139.00 

141.00 

.167 

.23 

1.95 

.31 

.33 

.214 

.230 



FARM PRICE INDEX UNITED STATES 

Grain 

Fruits and vegetables 

Meat animals 

Dairy products 

Chickens and eggs 

Unclassified 

PENNSYLVANIA 

Grain 

Fruits and vegetables 

Meat animals 

Dairy products 

Chickens and eggs 

Unclassified 

PRICES FARMERS PAY 

FARMERS' PURCHASING POWER 

United States 

Pennsylvania 



Pre-War 
Base 

100 

100 

100 

100 

100 

100 

100 

100 

100 

100 

100 

100 

100 

100 

100 

100 
100 



108 

111 

90 

117 

114 

97 

92 

101 

101 

68 

110 

116 

92 

92 

127 

85 
79 



Apr. 

19S5 

$.96 

.84 

.56 

.71 

.73 

.56 

.28 

14.00 

1.15 

8.70 

7.70 

8.30 

4.30 

7.60 

59.00 

142.00 

146.00 

.180 

.23 

1.95 

.32 

.34 

.200 

.280 



111 
115 

105 

in 
m 

105 
92 

102 

102 

66 

115 

111 

92 

87 

128 

87 
80 



Ju»«» 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 



Pennsylvania State Grange 

OFFICE OF THE SECEETAHY 
PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 

Grange Seals $5.00 

Digest .W 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, per set of 9 3.00 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, single copy ^ 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 '. 4.00 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy 39 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 3.25 

Constitution and By-liws 1" 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony ]!..!.....!!..!!!!.. .1" 

Song Books, *'The Patron," board covers, cloth, single copy or less than 

half dozen .60 

per dozen '...'..'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.... ^-^ 

per half dozen .*!!..'!*.!.!!!!!!!!!!!*.. 3.00 

Duee Account Book .*!.*...".!.!.'!!.'!!!.... -^^ 

Secretary 's Record Book '.'.*.'..*.!!.!!'.*..*.*..*.'... -^ 

Labor Savings Minute Book .'.'.'...'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'..... 2.75 

Treasurer 's Account Book '..!'.*.'.'.*.!'..!..!.'... '^ 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange to Pomona, per hundred -^^ 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 25 f ... -70 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 100 . . 2.75 

Roll Book '...'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.... -7' 

Application Blanks, per hundred *'.!!!!!!.!!!!.!!!!.'!!' '^ 

Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred !..!!..'.!!!!*.*.*.!!!... -^ 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty '^ 

Notice of Arrea^-age, per hundred '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'..... '^ 

Notice of Suspension, per hundred .'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'..'.'.'.'.... •*' 

Secretary 's Receipts, per hundred ..!! 1 .!!.!!!!!]*.!.!!!!!! . •*" 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred 1 .....!!.!.... ! ...... •'" 

Treasurer 's Receipts ..............'.'......'...' '' 

Trade Carda, per hundred '.!!!!...........!!...!..!.. -^ 

Demit Cards, each !!.*!!!!!!.!.*! .'!!!!. '^^ 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer Whitehead) ...................... '^l 

Grange Cook Books, each ..!..!.!...... •" 

Grange Radiator Emblems '^ 

In ordering any of the above supplies, the cash must always accompany *** 
order. The Secretary is not authorized to open accounts. _, 

Remittances should be mad© by Postal Money Orders, Checks, or B««i«*fj 
Letter. Orders for supplies must bear the Seal of the Grange for which ori**^ 

By order of Executive Committee, 

John H. Lisht, SeoreUry. 



promotion of Agriculture 

Depends on Cooperation 



In these days when the Federal 
(jovernment recognizes farmers' co- 
operatives as a need of the farmer, as 
wS as the agencies through whom it 
is best to work, it is well for us to 
make a survey of our own Grange ac- 
tivities and discuss the relation that 
the Grange bears to the cooperative 
movement, as well as to show the ac- 
tivity that the Grange has taken in 
the formulation of farm cooperatives. 
The agricultural cooperative move- 
ment owes much of its beginnings to 
the assistance furnished by Grange 
leadership and many of the outstand- 
ing leaders in agricultural coopera- 
tion received their training in Grange 
Halls. 

The Grange principle of coopera- 
tion is based upon one of the funda- 
mentals in our Declaration of Pur- 
poses; namely, "For our business in- 
terests, we desire to bring producers 
and consumers, farmers and manu- 
facturers into the most direct and 
friendly relations possible. Hence, 
we must dispense with a surplus of 
middlemen ; not that we are unfriend- 
ly to them, but we do not need them, 
their surplus and their exactions di- 
minish our profits. We wage no ag- 
gressive warfare against any other 
interests whatever; on the contrary, 
all our acts and all our efforts, so far 
as business is concerned, are not only 
for the benefit of the producer and 
consumer, but also for all other in- 
terests that tend to bring these two 
parties into speedy and economical 
contact." 

For more than sixty years, Grange 
activity looking towards cooperation 
has been based upon this fundamental 
law of the Order. It is easily seen that 
cooperation is one of the fundamental 
principles of the Grange and wher- 
ever these principles have been 
inculcated and the practice followed, 
the Patrons have been benefited to a 
great extent. 

A brief summary of the Grange in- 
terests in the cooperative movement 
over a period of fifty years can best 
be stated in the following language 
of a report to the National Grange. 
"Through organization and co- 
operation in the purchase of supplies 
in the wholesale and jobbing market, 
the results have been highly satisfac- 
tory in our local orders, a few of the 
surplus middlemen have been dis- 
pensed with, and much of their ex- 
actions have been turned to our profit. 
'While we apply the principle to 
the purchasing power, we must not 
lose sight of the producing and dis- 
tributing side of our products. 

We believe the time has come when 
the farmers must have a voice in 
jjiaking the price of the products of 
his labor, believing that one of the 
principal causes of the depreciation 
•^ number of our farm homes is due 
to the fact that we have failed to co- 
f'Perate in the selling of our products. 
In buying and selling cooperative- 
y. many sections and many under- 
takings have proven beyond a doubt 

Jhe possibilities that lie in these direc- 
tions. 

Cooperation means 'each for all 
joa all for each.' Inscribe that on our 
pners, and then make it a vital 
w^^u ^^ °^^ activities and a great 
J'ond power will be set in motion, the 
^r;reaching results of which cannot 
easily be estimated. 

Collective bargaining sounds like 

'^^^ idea and a new phrase; as a 

^tter of fact, it is as old as civiliza- 

L ^^6 pf the roots of which it is. 

^^^er since men banded together to 



protect themselves from wild beasts 
and famine, we have had the idea 
of doing things in groups; why not 
then make ourselves into a group big 
enough and strong enough to accom- 
plish the great end which we are all 
striving for; this can be done only 
by cooperation and by earnest and 
whole-souled cooperation. 

"The one important thing of all is 
to realize that nothing comes without 
effort, so it means work. All the great 
interests that stand most in our way 
are highly capitalized; sufficient capi- 
tal is then the prime necessity. Let 
us then consider this most carefully, 
and by combining our energies in the 
form of stocks or any other plans that 
seem most desirable, bring together in 
our central organizations enough of 
the necessary capital to enable us, 
through our agents or men in charge, 
to take advantage of the opportunities 
that present themselves, or that our 
managers may seek out. Then we 
shall take over the work done by the 
middleman and save for ourselves the 
profit and exactions that are now his, 
that not only diminish our profits, 
but increase the other fellow's cost. 
The possibilities are great, and the 
opportunity lies right at our door, and 
your committee begs to submit a sug- 
gestion for your consideration, look- 
ing to an active leadership in Grange 
cooperation." 

At the recent session of the Nation- 
al Grange in Hartford, Connecticut, 
the National Master, L. J. Taber, 
said, "For generations the farmer has 
tried to shorten the route between 
producer and consumer. No method 
has been more efficient and successful 
than cooperative marketing for the 
twofold reason that the farmer is 
more interested than anyone else in 
seeing that his products reach the con- 
sumer in good condition and that he 
receives a fair price, and also be- 
cause only through a knowledge of 
marketing conditions and consump- 
tive demands is it x)ossible for the 
farmer to guide his production by in- 
telligence and information. Great 
progress has been made in marketing. 
Almost one-third of our total farm 
population have used this method for 
the handling of some part of the 
products of their toil. The demand 
for agriculture is to provide the same 
efficiency, honesty and business meth- 
ods in officering and handling his co- 
operative buying and selling agencies 
as are employed by the great business 
institutions with which he must com- 
pete. 

"The two weaknesses that have re- 
tarded cooperative marketing have 
been the unwillingness of farmers to 
recognize that brains and ability must 
be paid for in the cooperative field in 
the same manner as in private busi- 
ness; and the other great mistake is 
jealousy, selfishness and ambition. 
More than one great Cooperative has 
been wrecked because of the ambition 
of its leaders and their unwillingness 
to trust the rank and file of the mem- 
bership with the privileges and au- 
thority that is theirs. In this con- 
nection, organized agriculture, with 
its cooperatives, should expect the 
same treatment from government that 
labor has been demanding under Sec- 
tion 7-A of the Recovery Act. The 
government should give equal oppor- 
tunity or preference to farm organi- 
zations and cooperatives in carrying 
out plans and programs of handling 
farm products and acreage adjust- 
Iment and control. There will be no 



permanent progress in either the long- 
time or emergency farm program un- 
less there is a larger utilization of 
the machinery that the farmers them- 
selves can build." 

An outstanding report to the Na- 
tional Grange in 1934 was the report 
on cooperation. In part, it said, as 
follows: "The cooperative movement 
among farmers has grown until there 
are now about 12,000 cooperative as- 
sociations engaged in the business of 
buying and selling the products of 
more than two and one-quarter million 
farm families. 

"Among these cooperatives the 
marketing associations have taken the 
lead in growth. Through them the 
tolls that we pay to private trade are 
reduced and our bargaining power is 
increased. Every effort must be made 
to press forward in this field. 

"In addition we must remember 
that, by and large, for every dollar 
the farmer receives he spends a dol- 
lar, and that his standard of living 
depends equally on the number of 
dollars in his income and on the value 
he receives for those dollars. Farmers 
can make great gain by pooling their 
purchasing power through buying co- 
operatives. Such cooperatives have 
proven their value in many fields, and 
on a large scale, particularly in the 
handling of feed, seed, fertilizer and 
petroleum products. 

"Both in marketing and purchasing 
cooperation Patrons are urged to join 
forces with existing cooperatives, sup- 
porting them with trade, and with 
their counsel in membership meetings 
and on committees. Where no co- 
operatives exist the Grange can fulfill 
a high function by taking the lead in 
their organization. 

"The advantages of cooperation in 
insurance are too well known to this 
body to require enumeration. An 
equally important, but less well un- 
derstood field is cooperation in short 
term credit. In spite of the relief 
which has been afforded through gov- 
ernment agencies, many farmers are 
still borrowing at the ruinous rate of 
^V2% per month. Others, although 
known by their neighbors to be reli- 
able are unable to borrow at all. 

"In England a considerable portion 
of the country's milk is collected by 
marketing cooperatives and distri- 
buted by consumer cooperatives, with- 
out the intervention of private hand- 
lers. As a result the farmer gets a 
larger fraction of the milk consumer's 
dollar than he does in this country, 
to the mutual advantage of both. 

"All forms of cooperation are sub- 
ject to continued danger of attack by 
those whose profits they threaten. The 
latest attacks, in conection with the 
drafting and enforcement of N. R. A. 
codes would have wiped out several 
classes of cooperatives. By the united 
action of the Grange, an dother farm 
organizations, the National Coopera- 
tive Council, and the cooperative 
Lea^e of the U. S. A., these attacks 
were turned back. Vigilance, how- 
ever, cannot be relaxed for a moment." 



INDIANS JOIN THE GRANGE 

One of the newest subordinate 
Granges in the United States is in 
the state of Washington, located on 
an Indian reservation fully 30 miles 
from the nearest railroad. Indians 
themselves constitute the principal 
part of the membership and the new 
unit starts off promisingly. 



MANY NEW GRANGES 

During the first quarter of 1935, 77 
new Granges were organized in the 
United States, Ohio leading. The 
same period saw 42 new Juvenile units 
formed, Ohio again capturing first 
place. Several new Pomona Granges 
were also organized, while large 
classes are being initiated in Granges 
throughout the entire country. 



A single conversation across the 
table with a wise man is better than 
ten years' mere study of books. 



5^iJJ.?KENNETT 
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LONGWOOD 

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JUNE20,21,22 

9 P. M., D.S.T. Rain Date, 24th 
ORDER TICKETS NOW! 

Admission $1. Reserved, $1.50 

ADDRESS - P. O. BOX 491 
KENNETT SQUARE. PA. 

FOUNTAINS 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 

OF EVERY DESCRIPTION 
Thm Rmcognixmd Standard Eomrywhmrm 

REGAUA . BADGES - EMBLEMS 

Took. FU«s. Labor SaTins Books 

Smnd for Catalogue 

C J. BAINBRIDGE. SYRACUSE. N. T. 



APPLE CRATES 

ANY SIZE-ANY STYLE 
ASSEMBLED or KNOCK-DOWN 

Anchor Box & Lumber Co. 

N. S. PITTSBURGH, PA. 

QUOTATIONS AND SAMPLES 
CHEERFULLY FURNISHED 



You pay too much for your whistle. 



THIS SPECIAL POLICY 

GIVES BOTH SAVINGS 

Atu) LIFE INSURANCE 



A LL Grange membera should know 
■^ about thii policy dereloped etpo- 
oiallr to meet two important needs. 
First it provide* permanent protection 
— guarantees money for your faimily. 
Then, as you grow older y6u can draw 
a lump sum in cash — and still keep in 
force as much paid up insurano« as 
you vrant. 

Here is the •asy w«y to save money yon yoor- 
seli can use — and the btst wsy, because every 
dollar you pay means sound financial protec- 
tion for your loved ones. 

Let us give yon all the facts. No obligation, 
of course. Write us today! 

AGENTS: Sotn0 good ttrritoH0B art $lill 

•A#M for progrtuivt afnti. Our r*^m*m- 

tativt will ht glad to discuss d«taiU. 

GRANGE LIFE 
INSURANCE 

FARMERS & TRADERS 
LIFE INSURANCE CO. 

Room 425-N 
State Tower BIdg. Syracuse, N. Y. 



HAYFEVER 



/^ 



ASTHMA sad SUMMER COLDS are nnecessary. C«a- 
pletc rrlirf only $1.00 Postpaid. Notkiaf else te key. 
OTcr 40.000 HOLFORD'S WONDER INHALERS seld 
last year aloac. Mail $1.00 today for fall season's relief 
to THE DANDEE CO.. 252 HENNEPIN AVE.. MIN- 
NEAPOLIS. MINNESOTA, or writs for Frco Beoklet. 



* 



\il 



Page 6 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



June, 1935 



Among the G ranges 

Activities of the Order in Various Localities 



SCOTCH VALLEY CELEBRATES 
GOTH ANNIVERSARY 

Scotch Valley Grange No. 510 fit- 
tingly observed the 60th anniversary 
of its organization in an all-day ses- 
sion recently, with an attendance of 
150. 

The forenoon session opened at 
10 : 30 by singing "Beautiful Grange," 
followed by the reading of the 37th 
Psalm by the chaplain, Mrs. Clyde 
Royer. The address of welcome was 
presented by K. S. Bagshaw, then a 
vocal duet was given by Mrs. Roy 
Robinson and Mrs. Jason Mattern, 
followed by readings, recitations, mu- 
sic and a pageant comprised the pro- 
gram. 

The pageant, "Our Grange, Then 
and Now," was enacted to perfection. 
The characters were "Father Time," 
Charles Kock; "Spirit of Agricul- 
ture," Enda Snowberger; "Spirit of 
the Grange," Elizabeth Sankey, to- 
gether with thirteen officers represent- 
ing the Grange of 60 years ago, 
dressed and wearing the regalia of 
that day. Representative of young 
people, Richard Polk; "Old fashioned 
girl," Elizabeth Douglass; represent- 
ative of Juvenile Grange, Richard 
Royer. 

This was followed by a talk "What 
Stand Should Our Grange Take on 
Rural Free Delivery ?" by M. A. San- 
key ; "Me and Mae at the Show" was 
the subject of a reading given by 
Mrs. Roy Robinson, followed by a 
talk on "How Could the Cause of 
Agriculture Be Fostered Through 
Our Schools?" by M. C. Bagshaw; a 
poem, written by Mrs. M. M. Moore, 
dated Sept. 14, 1875, and read at a 
session of the Grange of that date, 
was reread by Mrs. Blanche Bice; the 
Grange's stand on prohibition in 1875 
was given by Robert I. Tussey. 

Father Time now turned the clock 
to 1882 and Richard Polk, representa- 
tive of the young people, said "This 
meeting, as you notice, has no young 
people, but a few years later a change 
came about and young people were 
asked to join the Grange and things 
of interest to young people were dis- 
cussed. The first young person in this 
Grange joined in 1882. "The young 
people will soon be the older people 
and to them will fall the task of build- 
ing on the foundation these folks have 
laid. May we build a noble character, 
by establishing a firm Fate, a never 
dying Hope, a never ending Spirit of 
Charity, and unfaltering Fidelity. 
This was beautifully portrayed by a 
tableau. 

"The old fashioned girl," Elizabeth 
Douglass, said: 



sentative of the Juvenile Grange, 
says: 

"I am here in honor of the children 
who are organized in Juvenile 
Granges all over the United States. 
The first Juvenile Grange was organ- 
ized in Texas in 1888. Since then 
many have been organized, giving 
children everywhere an opportunity 
to become worth-while citizens and 
develop a strong and noble manhood 
and womanhood." 

Father Time then turns the clock 
to 1935. 

At this time the officers of today, 
dressed in white and wearing the 
modern regalia, came and took places 
beside the officers of yesteryear. "The 
History of Scotch Valley" was the 
subject of a very able and interesting 
address by Prof. T. S. Davis. This 
was followed by a roll call of all the 
members of the Grange since its or- 
ganizations in 1875, the number being 
366. 

I. H. Benner, Pomona master, gave 
an interesting talk along Grange 
lines, and Mary and Margaret Miller 
entertained with a piano duet. 

A dozen boys and girls, pupils of 
the Canoe Creek school, played several 
musical numbers on the mouth organ. 
This was a surprise feature. A vocal 
duet by Mr. and Mrs. Cloyd Bagshaw 
was well received. A reading by Mrs. 
William Royer and remarks by visit- 
ing patrons and the singing of a part- 
ing song, ended the day's activities 
which was all too short for the occa- 
sion. 



Diahoga won the county gavel as a 
prize in the attendance contest scor- 
ing 42 points. Standing Stone and 
Wilmot tied for second place scoring 
25 points each. This contest is in 
charge of Pomona Lecturer Anna L. 
Fisher. Tioga County brought the 
McSparran traveling gavel with a 
splendid program under the direction 
of Mrs. Elizabeth Starkey. Bradford 
County will carry this gavel to Mont- 
gomery Park, Lycoming County on 
June 6 and put on a program. Rob- 
ert Turner of the Towanda Land Pol- 
icy Office AAA very ably discussed 
the plans of this organization at this 
time. During the evening session the 
Fifth Degree was conferred on 39 
candidates, in full form, by the Po- 
mona officers. A brief memorial serv- 
ice, readings by Miss Lena Neuber, 
Wilmot Grange and Walter Lilley, 
New Albany Grange; lively violin 
and piano music by Reuben and Lena 
Neuber and a one-act play "Pat 
Houligan's Bet" made up the eve- 
ning's entertainment. Standing Stone 
Grange reported highest average at- 
tendance for the quarter and a total 
increase in membership during last 
quarter totaled 19. The next session 
of Pomona will be held at Rome, 
Bradford County, in August. 



The arranging of the program for 
this anniversary meeting was the 
work of Miss Blanche Bagshaw, lec- 
turer of the Grange. 



"In those old fashioned days, 
With their old fashioned ways, 
There was no place for a child like 
me. 

"But now times do change, 
And now in the Grange, 
There is work for children, you see; 
The children are organized now. 
With steady purpose and sincere vow. 

"They study and work and play; 
So all through our state and 

U. S. A., 
Day by day and year by year, 
New Juvenile Granges quickly ap- 
pear." 

Father Time now turns the clock 
to 1888 when Richard Royer, repre- 



the 



BRADFORD COUNTY 

POMONA NO. 23 

A record crowd of loyal Grangers 
journeyed to Wilmot on Thursday, 
May 16, where a splendid all day and 
evening session of Bradford County 
Pomona No. 23 was held in the 
Grange Hall there, with Pomona Mas- 
ter A. E. Madigan presiding. Min- 
gled with Bradford County Grangers 
were visitors from Sullivan, Wyoming 
and Tioga Counties. The morning 
session was devoted to the usual busi- 
ness. Committees were appointed on 
resolutions. Fifth Degree, Subordinate 
reports, Juvenile Grange work and 
finance. 

Reuben J. Neuber, Master of Wil- 
mot Grange, gave the address of wel- 
come extending a hearty welcome to 
all in behalf of his home Grange. 
Henry Kingsley of Standing Stone 
Grange responded and accepted the 
cordial welcome and expressed deep 
appreciation for the kind hospitality 
shown by Wilmot patrons. He 
stressed the "Go to Church" Sunday 
move and urged all Granges to attend 
in a body at least one service on the 
day set apart. The only lecturer from 
Bradford County to attend the Lec- 
turer's Conference at State College, 
Mrs. Theodore Shaylor, then gave a 
splendid account of what took place 
at this meeting. Recess was then 
declared for the purpose of doing 
justice to the fine dinner which the 
Wilmot ladies and young men had 
prepared, proving their excellent cul- 
inary abilities. The afternoon session 
opened with roll call of Granges. 



DELAWARE VALLEY 

GRANGE INITIATES 

CLASS OF CANDIDATES 

On May 2, the regular meeting of 
Delaware Valley Grange was held in 
their hall with a goodly number pres- 
ent. After the business was trans- 
acted, the Lecturer put on a special 
Mother's Day Program. The pro- 
gram consisted of readings, singing 
by the Grange, a penny march by all 
Grangers, violin and piano solos. 
This being a Mother's and Father's 
Day Program, our Sister Flora pre- 
sented the mothers and fathers with 
a flower for remembrance. There 
were visitors from Indian Orchard 
Grange and Pleasant Valley Grange. 
Worthy Pomona Master Minor Cros- 
by and State Deputy Charles Roe 
were also present. Brother Roe initi- 
ated two members in the First and 
Second Degrees. 

On May 8, Delaware Valley Grange 
visited Indian Orchard Grange for 
their Neighborhood Night meeting. 
The Lecturer put on a very fine and 
interesting program. 



LACKAWANNA 

COUNTY POMOUa 

Lackawanna Co. Pomona Granw 
No. 45, was entertained at West Ab- 
ington Grange on Thursday, May 9 
In the absence of Worthy Master A 
M. Goodrich, who was detained' by 
illness, Worthy Overseer, F. A. An- 
drews, had charge of the meeting 
The morning session was devoted to 
reports of Subordinate Granges and 
committee appointments. 

The afternoon session which was 
quite largely attended began at 2:00 
o'clock. Byron S. Hollingshead, Presi- 
dent of the Scranton-Keystone Junior 
College addressed the group on "The 
Forgotten Man." 

Memorial exercises directed by Zida 
Kircher were very impressively con- 
ducted for the following deceased 
members: Hannah Wilson, Otto F. 
Miller, and R. J. Tanfield, Covington 
Grange; Helen Pallman, Newton 
Grange ; Charles Finch, West Abing- 
ton Grange; and Winfield S. Graves, 
Charles J. Miller, and James Caygill] 
Green Grove Grange. 

Bro. W. S. Ross, West Abington 
Grange, spoke on "My 31 Years as a 
Granger." He greatly interested the 
group in his account of Grange inci- 
dents and accomplishments of past 
years. 

During the music hour, Sam Se- 
van's mixed quartet entertained with 
a number of selections. Mr. Bevan, 
also led the group with many familiar 
tunes. 

A debate "Resolved, that it is more 
desirable to be a renter than a land- 
owner," was very ably presented. S. 
R. Zug and Sam Bevan taking the 
affirmative side against Maude ikliller 
and Edward Kircher on the negative. 
It was very closely contested, but the 
judges finally gave the decision to the 
negative side. 

Delegates chosen to go to State Col- 
lege to participate in election of trus- 
tees were Arthur G. Ross and Fred 
Alt. 

The next meeting of Pomona will he 
held at Madison Grange on Tuesday, 
August 13. 



^ It stacks up about like this: An op- 
timist has no money, a pessimist won't 
lend you any. 



Thoughts that breathe, and words 
that burn. 



June, 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 7 




INGERSOLL PAINTS 



Officially Endorsed by the National Grange in 1874 and in 
continuous use by Members of the Order ever since. 

We do not believe a better or more durable paint ia produced 

Nearly a CENTURY'S USE has CONCLUSIVELY PROVED the truth 

of all claims made for Superior Durability of INGERSOLL PAINTS. 

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DIRECT to YOU at FACTORY PRICES 

in accordance with ARTICLE 4, Declaration of Purposes, P. of H. 

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Get Full Paint Value for Your Money 

\'J?c?,1?h^re1'.7;L1lX:t'y,^5f T *r Ir^' factory prices, which .r. way BELOW 
of low-grade Dirnt.W««»,' oi-*- i^^tr^lVJ'^^ generally less than the retail price 
ow graae pamts. We offer you REAL QUALITY PAINT at a BIG CASH SAVING. 

Wholesale Factory Prices Prepaid Freight Offer 

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The Lecturers Corner 

Kb8. Iea 0. Gross, State Lecturer 



<'Ro8es by the garden wall. 
Poppies red and lilies tall, 
Bobolinks and rbbins — all 
Tell that June is here." 



During the past two months it has 
been my privilege to assist in showing 
the Dean Vivian Slides a very great 
number of times. Many repetitions 
of the lecture which accompanies the 
slides has made it a matter of raem- 
orv; but, to me, the remarkable thing 
is that no matter how often the lec- 
ture is given, every time some beauti- 
ful new meaning in the Grange Rit- 
ual is discovered. In giving a lecture 
like the one which explains the Vivian 
Slides, unconsciously the reader learns 
to like certain parts more than others 
just as, perhaps, there are portions 
which the audience appreciates more 
than others. 

Particularly do I like the part in 
the exemplification of the Second De- 
gree where Flora tells how flowers 
cover the rough places in Nature and 
beautifies and adorns even the rudest 
dwellings. Many of you will remem- 
ber these particular pictures. Now, as 
I drive through the state, over and 
over again do I see these words of 
Flora beautifully exemplified at our 
own Pennsylvania farm homes, and 
I like to think that some of us have 
taken to heart the words and pictures 
of the Vivian Lecture, and that, as a 
result, there is more attempt to beau- 
tify our homes and surroundings. 

There are a host of reasons that 
might be advanced as arguments for 
improving our farm homes by the 
planting of trees and flowers. Not 
least among these would be that inex- 
plainable satisfaction which comes 
from the planting of flowers — watch- 
ing them grow in beauty and fra- 
grance. Women, particularly, derive 
great pleasure in caring for flowers. 
It is not work to them ; rather is it 
relaxation, a chance to forget all the 
worries and perplexities of their busy 
lives by contact with "Mother Earth." 
Indeed, there is a spiritual uplift that 
comes from "tending tree and vine, 
plant and flower." 

Then there is another argument in 
favor of planting trees and flowers — 
an economic one. We know that the 
attractive, well-kept farms are the 
more valuable farms. They are "the 
signs of thrifty farmers." In spite of 
all the problems that have beset the 
larmer during the past years, it is 
heartening to note that there are still 
literally hundreds of clean, well-kept, 
sturdy looking farm homes, where 
trees and flowers have been planted, 
and where one instantly realizes that 
here indeed are types of the American 
*arm Home. 

■Kigbt now the farmer is being 
pressed to take more and more fields 
out of production, to plant less corn 
?nd cotton and wheat. Whether this 
18 for good or ill, the years to come 
JJill decide. But the fact remains 
that there are many acres of marginal 
"^od submarginal land that lie idle, 
and idle fields do not return a profit 
jnth which to pay taxes. Rather are 
tfiey a constant loss through soil ero- 
Jion and the attendant loss of soil 
J^^ftility. Mr. Charles Meek, of the 
'tate Bureau of Forest Extension es- 
timates that one-seventh of the land 
Jj'ea of our State lies waste. Why not 

othe these idle acres with trees, — 
Jees that will leave something worth 
^'iile for posterity,— trees that will be 

source of revenue in a few years and 



increase the income of the farmer, — 
trees that will help to prevent soil 
erosion and its loss of soil fertility, — 
trees that will prevent floods, — trees 
that will provide bird sanctuaries? 

All of us have noted with feelings 
of sympathy and alarm, the accounts 
of devastating dust storms that have 
followed the droughts in the Middle 
West. Scientists tell us that the first 
cause of these was the destruction of 
the buffalo grass, the peculiar form 
of vegetation provided by Nature for 
this region. This tough, bushy grass 
caught and held the life-giving moist- 
ure for the western plains, and when 
it was uprooted there was nothing 
left to store the moisture and conse- 
quently floods, soil erosion and 
drought followed. Again quoting 
Dean Vivian, "let us heed the warn- 
ing and escape the doom." 

Much is being said these days about 
improving rural America, but beauti- 
fication of our farm homes needs no 
planning of governmental agencies. 
Rather is it a matter entirely of our 
own desire to do so. Our National 
Grange i)olicy would urge us to use 
marginal and submarginal land for 
reforestation, game preserves and rec- 
reational purposes. Our Pennsylvania 
State Department of Forest Extension 
is ready and willing to help with in- 
formation and plans relative to plant- 
ing of evergreen and hardwood trees 
and thus make use of waste and idle 
lands. Any Grange that wants to 
take up a project and does not know 
what to choose, I can think of no 
more profitable one than A Home Im- 
provement Project. Let us beautify 
and adorn our farm homes. 

Mrs. Ira C. Gross, 
Lecturer Pennsylvania State Grange. 



The theme for the Asylum Grange 
program on May 7th was "My Moth- 
er." The Juvenile Grange shared the 
Lecturer's program with the Grange. 

Dayton Grange No. 1819 conferred 
the third and fourth degrees in full 
form on a large class of candidates 
on May 6th. This was the outcome of 
a membership drive with the ladies 
opposing the men. The men won the 
contest by 140 points and as a result 
the ladies entertained the men of the 
Grange at a later meeting. 

Mercer County Pomona Grange 
had an attendance of more than 140 
patrons at the quarterly meeting on 
May 8th. Brother A. W. Haner, the 
newly elected Pomona Master, pre- 
sided. Coolspring Grange won the 
attendance banner and a feature of 
the meeting was an address by L. D. 
Rounds, Superintendent of the Penn- 
sylvania Power Company. 



room. A huge silk hat and attire that 
were in style 50 years ago were worn 
by Frank Harris who portrayed the 
1885 minister while Charles Cole wore 
the up-to-the-minute clothes for one 
of the clergy. 

A uniform that was guaranteed, ac- 
cording to the poems to "attract the 
women of 1885" was worn by Walter 
Doty who was preceded by Harold 
Creasy in the garb of the present sol- 
diers. A tiny auto truck was pulled 
into the room by Roland Seely, pres- 
ent-day farmer who was followed by 
William Seely, drawing a small wagon 
loaded with produce. Efficiency of the 
seeder, hand cultivator and the reaper 
were demonstrated with small models 
of the farm machinery by Edwin See- 
ley, Elmer Hess and Charles Remen- 
snyder while Aaron Garrison spread 
seed by hand, Hoyt Keller used a hoe 
in cultivating and W. G. Harter 
swung a scythe widely in reaping. 



WHAT GRANGES ARE DOING 

Rundells Grange No. 871 at a re- 
cent meeting discussed "Should Wom- 
en Act as Jurors?" 

Center Road Grange No. 502 at a 
meeting on April 24 decided to or- 
ganize a Home Economics Club, the 
object of which is to discuss canning 
methods and other features usually 
carried by the Home Economics 
groups. 

Fidelity Grange No. 1238, McKean 
County, initiated a class of candidates 
and discussed the subjects, "What 
Makes a Home" and ^'Why I Am a 
Farmer." 

The Pomona Grange of McKean 
County has as the feature of the meet- 
ing of May 8 the presentation of the 
"Traveling Gavel" by the Pomona 
Grange of Warren County. The Con- 
stitution of Pennsylvania was dis- 
cussed by Professor C. W. Lillibridge 
and school costs in Pennsylvania by 
Sherman Francisco. 

Cambria County Granges held an 
enjoyable Neighbor Night Meeting 
the first week in May at the Munster 
Grange Hall, at which time members 
of the St. Augustine Grange occupied 
the chairs and members of the Mun- 
ster Grange furnished the program. 
The St. Augustine Grange was 
awarded the attendance price for hav- 
ing 80 per cent of its members pres- 
ent. The next Neighbor Night Meet- 
ing will be held May 14 at the Cross 
Roads Grange. 

Union Grange No. 155 has decided 
to enter the Grange exhibit at the 
Troy Fair this coming Fall. Plans 
are already being made for a fine ex- 
hibit. 



FIFTH DEGREE TEAM 

INITIATES LARGE CLASS 
OF GRANGERS AT POMONA 

Wyoming County Pomona Grange 
No. 19 convened at Factoryville 
Wednesday, May 1, with Tracey Greg- 
ory, Master, presiding. Grange 
opened in the 5th degree with nearly 
all officers in their places. 

An address of welcome was deliv- 
ered by Charles Aten of Factoryville 
Grange, who in a very cordial way 
bade everyone welcome and made 
them feel at home. This was re- 
sponded to by Mrs. Leroy Baker of 
East Lemon Grange. 

The reports of the Subordinate 
Granges were next presented to Po- 
mona and written reports were re- 
ceived from all but one Grange. Sev- 
eral deputies reported having visited 
some of the Granges in their respec- 
tive districts and found them in flour- 
ishing condition. 

The address of the afternoon was 
delivered by State Deputy Joab K. 
Mahood of Columbia Cross Roads, 
who defined some of the various prob- 
lems confronting the present legisla- 
ture and their importance to the 
farmers. Thomas Kresge of Falls fol- 
lowed by remarks along the same line. 
A short play by members of West 
Nicholson Grange was next presented 
and greatly enjoyed by all. 

A question box session was next 
held and the questions answered by 
a jury of twelve. Pomona Grange 
decided to pay $5.00 to any Subordi- 
nate Grange who would send their 
Lecturer to the Middle Atlantic Con- 
ference in Delaware in August and to 
have all expenses of the Pomona Lec- 
turer at the same conference. 



NEIGHBOR NIGHT SERIES 
TO BE FEATURE OF 

GRANGER^S SUMMER 

Tioga County Grangers inaugu- 
rated a four-month series of visiting 
nights April 30 with a meeting at 
Tioga Valley Grange with Jobs Cor- 
ners Grange filling the chairs and 
Stony Fork Grange in charge of the 
program, it was announced. 

A similar series last year proved 
successful and resulted in a consider- 
able growth in the Grange movement 
here. This year, it was stated, an 
impressive candle service will be used. 
"The Light of a Patron will be burn- 
ing on every altar throughout the 
county when the series is complete," 
the official announcement said. It is 
planned that a member from the 
Grange filling the chairs for the next 
meeting will be present at the meet- 
ing just before to receive the candle 
for his ceremony. 

Three Granges will take part in 
each meeting, one being the host 
Grange, the second filling the chairs 
and the third presenting the program. 



GRANGE CHARACTERS 
DEPICT CHANGES IN 

THE LAST FIFTY YEARS 

In one of the finest and most un- 
usual programs in the history of the 
Berwick Grange, a cast of 40 charac- 
ters on May 2d gave a highly humor- 
ous and interesting portrayal of the 
progress made in the past 50 years. 
The program was given in conjunc- 
tion with the annual ham and egg 
supper of the Berwick Grange with 
the men entertaining the women. 

As the characters entered the stage 
a brief poem concerning each was 
read by Jack Fairchilds. The poems 
were written by Mrs. Fairchilds. In 
each portrayal the 1935 version of one 
in that occupation or at a certain age 
was followed by a portrayal of the 
1885 version, given usually by middle- 
aged or older men of the Grange. 

Roland Cole, 1935, and Earl Seely, 
1885, were nattily attired as children 
when they depicted the school-boy 
age as they rode tricycles into the 



108 NEW MEMBERS 

FOR YORK COUNTY 

York County Pomona Grange held 
its quarterly session on Saturday, May 
11, as guests of Peach Bottom Grange. 
The meeting was well attended and 
was addressed by Worthy State Mas- 
ter J. A. Boak and Frederick C. 
Jones, Master of Hardford County 
Pomona Grange, of Maryland. The 
State Master gave a strong talk on 
Cooperation and Fraternity. 

It was decided to make an organized 
membership drive during the follow- 
ing week. Monday, May 13, with 
Lower Chanceford Grange; Tuesday, 
with Peach Bottom; and Wednesday, 
with Fawn Grove Grange. 

The State Master, Pomona Master 
and the State Deputy, accompanied 
by members of the local Grange, 
formed three teams. On Monday they 
secured 33 applications for member- 
ship to Lower Chanceford Grange; 
on Tuesday they secured 31 for Peach 
Bottom Grange; and on Wednesday 
they went far ahead of the two first 
days, by securing 44 names for Fawn 
Grove Grange. 

Who said it could not be done ? The 
group of workers had an enjoyable 
time during the three days' canvass, 
and to think that we have 108 new 
members ! 



Of two evils, the less is always to 
be chosen. 



The paths of glory lead but to the 
grave. 



Page 8 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



•^une, 1935 



Pennsylvania Qrange News 

Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 

Rooms 426-28. Telegraph Building 
_, ^ 216 Locust St, Harrisburg. Pa. 

5 cents a copy. 50 cents a year. 



Vol. XXXII 



June, 1935 



No. 3 



Board of Managers 

J. A. BOAK, President, New Castle, Pa. 

FUBMAN GYGER KENZIE 8. BAGSHAW CHARLES W. CREASY 

Kimberton, Pa. Hollidayaburg, Pa. Catawissa, Pa. 

Editor-in-Chief, J. A. BOAK 

Managing Editor, JOHN H. LIGHT 

426-28 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Associate Editor, IRA C. GROSS 

ADVERTISING Is accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate line, or $3.50 per Inch, 
each Insertion. New York representative, Norman Co., 34 West 33d Street. 



Compensation Insurance for 

Farmers 

UNDER the proposed new compensation law discussed elsewhere in this 
issue of Grange News, all agricultural laborers and domestics would 
come under the compensation law and farm owners and operators 
will be required to get compensation insurance coverage for their farm help. 
As is well known, agriculture is exempt from the terms of the present law. 
The proposed law will go further than the requirement of compensation 
coverage for employees; it provides that minors shall have the right to 
file claims and act for themselves, even to proceed against parent or parents, 
a thing never heard of before. Further, employees can hold their employers 
responsible for all acts done by them, whether authorized by the employer 
or not. 

To us there seems no need for the inclusion of agricultural laborers and 
domestics under the compensation laws of the State. In the past farmers 
have not found it necessary to seek such coverage. The Grange had an 
experience in this matter through the Grange Mutual Casualty Company, 
organized and operated under Grange management. Over a period of years, 
not sufficient interest could be aroused to make the project worth while and 
the company was disbanded. 

This is just another form of taxation for the farmer. The present com- 
pensation rate is $1.80 per hundred, with a minimum of $25.00, and it 
can be readily seen that unless this proposed law can be amended or defeated 
in the Senate, every farm operator in this State will be obliged to pay 
at least the minimum of $25.00, and if occupational diseases be included in 
the act, the minimum will be anywhere from $50.00 to $75.00. 

The sum total of the result of this piece of legislation, if enacted, will be 
that farmers of the State of Pennsylvania will pay upwards of $3,000,000 
per annum for compensation insurance, for which there is no need nor re- 
quirement. 



Our Sabbath Laws 

A HEARING held before the Law and Order Committee of the House 
of Representatives, in Harrisburg on May 21, on the Schwartz-Bar- 
ber Bill to legalize movies after 2 : 00 p. m. on Sundays, shows very 
clearly that tremendous pressure of the forces opposed to our Sabbath laws 
is being exerted effectively. The opposition to the present Sabbath laws 
is contrary to the fundamental ideals of the social, moral and political prin- 
ciples of our forefathers, and we believe that such a tendency is seriously 
endangering the security of our government and will ultimately fail to es- 
tablish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, promote the general welfare 
and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity. This 
was the expression of the State Grange in annual session assembled in 1932, 
and every evidence in the hearing at Harrisburg proves the soundness of 
this statement. 

A speaker against the measure brought out the fact that 250 chain theater 
owners are back of the present bill. And the surprise of the hearing was 
that four persons with the title of Reverend to their names, favored the 
legalization of movies on Sunday. One speaker stated that, "The fact that 
only the church group appeared against the bill was evidence of an almost 
universal demand for pictures." The Grange is opposed to liberalization 
of our Sabbath laws as well as to a Continental Sabbath for America. 

After careful deliberation, the State Grange held at Hershey, recently 
declared, "We deplore the tendency to do away with the Sabbath as a holy 
day and we are persuaded that a large part of the cause of the present de- 
pression 18 due to our neglect of the things that have to do with the King- 



dom of God. We therefore urge that our members, our Legislature o 
Congress and all public officers respect the Sabbath Day and attempt 
pass no laws that tend to give us a commercial day in place of a holy ^ 
for rest and worship." 

We are prone to ask the question, When will people arise and defend prin 
ciples they espouse? The time has come when the Christian Church and 
other organizations who stand for good government and the observance of 
the laws of God and man, must assert themselves unless they want a Con 
tinental Sabbath in America. 

The Grange has always opposed every effort to open movies on Sunday 
for two reasons, first we are against commercializing the Sabbath, and sec- 
ond, the immoral effect of indecent and degrading pictures is bad enough 
during six days. In the home, the school and the church we aim to teach 
the child the highest motives in life. We teach honesty, faithfulness, loyalty 
patience, kindness and other virtues. Quite the opposite in the movies' 
emphasis is placed upon actions that are bold, daring, exciting, thrilling 
passionate, etc. Naturally, our aim is to teach character while that of the 
movie is the gratification of the animal instincts. 




JUNE is the most hopeful month of all the year, with its promising crops 
and fattening herds. All nature is trying to outdo itself. Certainly 
one cannot help but be hopeful during the month of June. In this beau- 
tiful and hopeful summertime of the year, we should think of the summer- 
time of life; which is middle-life, when one is at his best and providing 
for the wintertime. 

Hope is an outreaching desire, looking forward to good. Man, beast and 
bird all have this desire and are striving for its fulfillment. We may be 
tossed about with cares and worries, everything may look dark and dreary, 
but if we open the windows of our lives and let hope enter, how soon things 
are changed. Where once there was doubt and fear, now there is mirth and 
sunshine. Hope will not only brighten the month of June, but all the rest 
of life for us. 

Hope then is like a brigh'„ flower, or a ray of sunshine, and could dispel 
these dark clouds of doubt and discouragement of a people tossed to and 
fro by the depraving influence of modern civilization. The world, today 
more than ever before, needs to cultivate the desire for good. How may 
we have hope? The answer is. through our religion. Religion today is the 
hope of the Nation. If, in the early history of mankind, they had expecta- 
tions of a future life, how much more modern civilization has need of this 
desire today. 

Modern civilization has tried the training of the intellect, has tried the 
acquiring of science, and has found that while these implements have greatly 
increased the power for good, they have likewise increased the i>ower for 
evil. An intellectual growth, unless it is accompanied by a moral growth, 
will only add confusion to our moral minds. This moral power must have 
Its source from religion. The only hope for reform and perfection of society 
IS the method by which we can "have life and have it more abundantly," 

The mmd, when duly nourished by Faith and Hope, will develop; hearts 
will become pure so that they will not fear to do that which is right. Let 
us nurture Hope, so that we may be able to bring about this great change 
in our home, school, state and nation. Let us go about this reform and per- 
fecting of society by saying the cheerful words that may put new hope and 
courage into a world that seems to have lost its desire for good. Let us 
not criticise; let us not be fault finders. Speak no harsh words, but let ui 
help all men travel the road which was set by the lowly Nazarene. Let us 
have a great deal of hope in the heart, and wear a radiant face, for enthusi- 
asm springs from hope. For hope there must be a manly heart; there must 
be courage. 

If we would have power, we will find that it dwells with cheerfulness. Hope 
puts us in a working mood. Without hope, no effort is made. As long as 
hope lives and is able to find some convincing proof of its expectations, it 
grows and dedoubles its endeavors. If hope is relinquished, our active powers 
are impaired. 

"Hope on, Perspvere ever." 

"Have hope, though clouds environ now 

And gladness hides her face in scorn 
Put thou the shadows from thy brow. 
No night but hath its morn." 

J. A. BoAK. 



FARM WAGES 

The average farm wage rate in 
Pennsylvania as of April 1, has been 
reported as follows: Per month with 



board, $21.50; per month without 
board, $35.00; per day with board, 
$1.30 and per day without board, 
$1.80. 



June, 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 9 



Grange Life In- 
surance 

Planning and Life Insurance 

It is not necessary to sell the idea 
{ life insurance to the American 
lople. Every head of a family and 
gJery one who expects to be the head 
of one wants to own life insurance 
for the protection of that family if he 
is really interested in the future wel- 
fare of those near and dear to him. 
The only question is how much can 
he afford to own. 

Life insurance has been a sheet 
anchor to many during the past five 
years when the flood of depression 
swept away almost every other value 
in its devastating course. Life Insur- 
ance savings have enabled many a 
family to survive past years of eco- 
nomic distress without calling for 

charity. 

Inevitably the volume of new life 
insurance sold has somewhat receded 
during the depression years, owing to 
the inability of many to do any more 
than maintain the insurance that they 
already had. It is, however, an ex- 
pression of the confidence of the 
American people in life insurance 
that they have, looking toward the fu- 
ture, begun to rebuild their estates 
with life insurance. 

Purchases of new life insurance in- 
creased more than ten per cent last 
year, as estimated by the National 
Association of Life Underwriters. In 
dollars the total of new life insurance 
purchased is estimated at 14 billions, 
an increase of more than a billion and 
a quarter dollars over 1933. 

Estimates show that at the end of 
1934 the people of the United States 
owned 98 billion dollars of life insur- 
ance. This tremendous sum repre- 
sents the savings of approximately 
one-half the entire population of the 
American people. 

This reflects the confidence that the 
people of the United States have in 
their country and its great insurance 
institutions and also that the great 
majority of the people are practicing 
thrift and putting aside as much of 
their incomes as they can spare where 
they feel it will be safe for the future. 
Life insurance is rooted deep in the 
financial soil of the American people. 
It will continue to grow so long as 
the people of the United States con- 
tinue to believe in and support the 
fundamental institutions of the Amer- 
ican System. 

Should it fail, our whole financial 
structure would fail, and the future 
would then be black indeed. It will 
not, however, fail for it is part of the 
?reat American plan to make the fu- 
ture more secure for the average man 
and his dependents. 

During April, designated as "Presi- 
dent 8 Month" in honor of Thomas O. 
loung, President of the Company, 
jne apphed-for business of our Grange 
^"©Insurance Companv approxi- 
niated one million dollars. 



RESOLUTIONS PASSED 

BY SUBORDINATE AND 

POMONA GRANGES 

At the regular meeting, March 19, 
of Koyal Grange No. 1972, the fol- 
lowing resolution, which was adopted 
by the Beaver County Pomona, was 
indorsed. 

Whereas, Roadhouses and restaurants In 
townships of Pennsylvania that serve beer 
and liquor have no hour set for closing their 
places of business, and 

Whereas, Cities have the power to pass 
ordinances, setting a closing hour for such 
places, therefore, be It 

Resolved, That we ask our representatives 
In the General Assembly to work for legisla- 
tion that would require those who have li- 
censes to sell beer and liquor in townships of 
this Commonwealth to close their doors at 
12 : 00 o'clock midnight. 



Highland Grange No. 980, hereby, 
denounces all increase in taxes until 
the expense of State government has 
been reduced to the amount expended 
per annum in the year 1913. 



STATE BANKS THIRD 

IN APPLE GROWING 

th r^i ^^^^ty still contributes to 
wMu^ apple crop of the Common- 
ja'th, despite the decline in small, 
^""n orchards. 

v«i,fT^^^^^^^»'8 apple crop last year, 
mn^f 1^* $7,700,000, was the third 
S Jh ?^^^ o^ any State. The price 
thfl ^ farmers per bushel for 

^"1 crop varied from 71 cents in 



^anis to $1.26 in Crawford. 
\\^Tlf County, with almost a rail- 
hlTv ^^^P> led all counties with 
Wt °' ^°^^' Berks, Luzerne, Al- 
oTder ^"^^ ^^^"^ following in the 



liained. 



BRADFORD POMONA 

Whereas, Cooperation is one of the basic 
principles of the Grange, and 

Whereas, The principles of agricultural 
cooperation have been gravely threatened by 
certain interests ; and 

Whereas, The legislative agent of the 
Pennsylvania State Grange, in cooperation 
with the members of the various subordinate 
Granges, has ably and successfully defended 
those cooperative principles and rights ; 
therefore, be it 

Reaolved, That we heartily commend the 
action of our legislative agent, John H. 
Light, and that we urge upon our subordi- 
nate Granges the need of closer coSperation 
and harmony with the State Grange. Be 
it further 

Resalved, That a copy of this resolution 
be sent to the legislative agent of the State 
Grange. 

Whereas, Communism is gaining ground 
in our State. Therefore, be it 

Resolved, That Bradford Pomona Grange 
No. 23, In session May 16, 1935, petition 
our Legislature to pass a law making it 
obligatory for a teacher to swear allegiance 
to the Constitution of the United States be- 
fore signing contract to teach in our public 
schools. 

Whereas, We reecho the suggestion in 
the address of the morning that the Granges 
of the county observe an annual "Go to 
Church" Sunday. We emphasize again this 
note as found in the national lecturer's hand- 
book and urge county wide attendance in 
church by Granges as a body on the speci- 
fied Sunday ; and, therefore, be it 

Resolved, That the lecturer of Pomona 
Grange prepare advertising matter to Sub- 
ordinate Granges on "Go to Church" Sunday. 

JOAB K. Mahood, 
O. L. Fish, 
MA3EL Qatz, 
W. Gilbert Condit, 

Committee. 



THE GRANGE 



Some of our progressive farmers 
are, and have been for many years, 
members of the Pennsylvania State 
Grange, an organization made up sole- 
ly of farmers. 

The organization fosters every 
movement that the wideawake farmer 
— be he owner or tenant — is interested 
in, and it helps him in meeting his 
everyday problems. 

It is too bad that not every one of 
our farming population has seen this 
beacon light that does so much to 
brighten the member's pathway, and 
join up with the "boys." 

Members of the Grange are able to 
save much money through their mem- 
bership in the way of buying machin- 
ery fertilizers, etc., and also have the 
advantage of getting better market 
prices when they dispose of their prod- 
ucts. 

In addition to the monetary gain 
there is the social side where many a 
pleasant evening is enjoyed by the 
members and their families. 

The Grange wields a powerful influ- 
ence in this State, as well as in many 
other States of the Union, and when 
a farmer unites with this body he is 
becoming a member of something big 
and worth while. — Halifax Gazette. 



A 61-inch ling, a fish of the British 
coast, was found to contain 28,361,000 
eggs. 






A Profit Sharing Plan 



ON 



Petroleum Products 




We have arranged with one of the 
largest Oil Companies to supply Members of Subordinate Granges of the 
state with 

GASOLINE, OILS, KEROSENE, GREASES, Etc 

AT A SAVING 

WRITE FOR INFORMATION 



GOLDEN TIE BINDER TWINE 

QUALITY— Excels Many Twines 

YARDAGE— Averages 500 ft. to the pound 
STRENGTH— 55 to 90 pounds 

Uniform and every ball Guaranteed. 

also have 

Common Standard Binder Twine. 

Ask the Secretary of your grange for prices 

or write us. 




KEYSTONE GRANGE EXCHANGE 

HARRISBURG, PA. 



GRANGE TEACHES SERVICE 

IDEALS TO THE CHILDREN 

The many phases of good accom- 
plished by the work of Juvenile 
Granges is seen in some of the recent 
undertakings by the children who are 
members of this fast-growing branch 
of the Grange organization. 

These groups make a definite proj- 
ect of the supplying of fruit, flowers, 
candy and games to the inmates of 
children's homes and hospitals in the 
locality; sometimes a post card show- 
er and other methods of remembrance 
to little shut-ins. Now a new plan of 
busying little fingers has been found, 
in the making of scrap books, also to 
be given to less fortunate boys and 
girls. 

It is remarkable with what zest the 
Juveniles enter into this work, thereby 
starting them early in thoughtful 
ministry to others. Inasmuch as there 
are hundreds of these Juvenile units 
in the United States, with an enroll- 
ment of thousands of youngsters, the 
extent of such a program becomes at 
once apparent. 



ONWARD GRANGE SWEEP 

NOW EMBRACES TEXAS 

How the Grange goes and grows, in 
spite of depression times and the pre- 
vailing inactivity in most fraternal 
circles, gets new illustration from the 
fact that this live farm fraternity has 
begun the organization of Granges in 
the state of Texas, already has a half- 
dozen subordinate units well started 
and a suflicient number of new fields 
in process of cultivation to give assur- 
ance that Texas as an organized state 
may be represented at the next annual 
convention of the National Grange in 
November. Gonzales County was se- 
lected for the initial organizations 
and the groups already instituted 



show so much life and enthusiasm 
that extension in that locality bids 
fair to be rapid and substantial. Na- 
tional deputies at work in the state 
report their belief that the time is 
ripe for the entrance of such a farm 
association as the Grange into Texas, 
particularly when community service 
work, opportunity for young people 
and the widening vision of rural life 
are so prominently engaging present- 
day thought. 

Meanwhile new subordinate units 
are fast being formed in Tennessee 
and Arkansas, two other new Grange 
states gotten under way within the 
past year and a half. Further proof 
of the adaptability of the Grange to 
conditions in the Southland is shown 
by the fact that Vir^nia and both 
Carolinas, brought into the Grange 
fold within recent years, are making 
great progress, and both the number 
of local units and the membership 
roll are growing rapidly in these three 
states. Kentucky, which has had 
Granges in quite recent years, is in- 
dicating a revival of interest, with 
the likelihood that definite organiza- 
tion work in that state will be under- 
taken in the near future. 



Wouldn't it be terrible if we were 
born old and had to look forward to 
growing young and green and silly? 



Plant a few hills of pole beans for 
extra heavy yield. 



FOR SALE 

R«»gj8tered Jersey Cattle, and C.ht 
ter White Swine. Our dairy her* In 
headed by the Biro of tho Qrand CkAm- 
plon Cow of the 193!S Farm Show, and 
twenty of his daughters. 

J. A. BoAK & Sons, 
New Castle. Pa. 



Page 10 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



•^"ne» 1935 



Mr«. Georgia M. Plollet 
Chairman, Towanda 

Mrs Charlotte Ruppin 
Akron 

Mrs. George Kresge 
Falls 

Miss Margaret Brown 
State College 

Mrs. Etnma Jones 
Irwin, R. D. 4 



WOMAN'S WORK 

IN THE 

HOME AND GRANGE 

By Home Economics Committee 



MOTTO FOR THE MONTH 

"To go on cheerfully with a petty 
round of little duties, to smile 
for the 

Joy of others when the heart is ach- 
ing 

•Who does this, his works will follow 
him 

He may not be a hero to the world, 
but he is one of God's heroes." 

The Flag 

You are the soul of a nation, 
The pulse that quickens thee 

Gives breath and life and spirit 
On to eternity. 

Unconquered in thy glory 
Unfurled where'er you are 

You speak with pride and honor 
One word — America. 

Oh, flag of my own country 

How very dear you are 
A beacon light eternal 

A firmament and star. 

The centuries are passing 

Where history is trod, 
But you are all enduring 

For Country, Home and God. 

Edith Scott Magna. 

Penna. Women Authors 

Did you know that Pennsylvania 
has some one hundred and sixty wom- 
en authors who are still living? Per- 
haps the best known are Margaret 
Deland, Helen Martin, Kathering 
Mayo, Mary Roberts Rinehart, Elsie 
Singraaster, Agnes Repplier, Gertrude 
Stein, Ida Tarbell, Nora Wales and 
Margaret Widener. About sixty-eight 
were bom in Philadelphia and were 
educated in or near that city. Nearly 
all have college degrees, only twenty- 
three having acquired their education 
in private schools. Most of those in- 
terested in art supplemented their ed- 
ucation in Europe. There are five 
colored women on the list. A variety 
of interests are represented, ranging 
from law, all types of medicine, ju- 
venile fiction, home economics, mys- 
tery, journalism, museums, religion, 
western trails, library, and scores of 
other subjects — none to high or com- 
mon for women to be interested in. 
We are proud of our women. 

Notes 

Have you planned to win one of the 
Home Economics prizes offered by the 
State Home Economics Committee in 
your county? $5.00, first prize; $3.00, 
second prize, for the best strictly 
Home Economics features in any Po- 
mona. Also two prizes — first, $5.00; 
second, $3.00 for the best community 
project of any Subordinate Grange to 
be judged by the Committee on a per- 
centage based on membership. 

Write Mrs. Charlotte Ruppin, Sec- 
retary, Akron, Lancaster County, for 
further particulars. 

Program 
Song. 

Presentation of a Business Meeting 
— put on by 4-H girls. 
Instrumental Music. 
Three minute talks: 

A. What can be done to make our 
community more attractive? 

B. Can I afford time for a flower 
garden? 



C. Shall I plant perennials or an- 
nuals ? Why ? 

D. How can I have flowers during 
the whole season? 

Group singing. 

My favorite strawberry recipe. 

Exhibit of several strawberry dishes 
by individual women — recipes given 
and the products to be used for re- 
freshments at end of meeting. 

Song, "Old Fashioned Garden." 

Community Projects for Rural 
Women 

The State Home Economics Com- 
mittee this year planned two sessions 
at the Grange Lecturer's Conference. 
This was done in order that more 
people might have an opportunity to 
take part in the discussions. 

Miss Elizabeth Beale, of the Agri- 
cultural Library, led in the discussion 
of "The Place of Books and Reading 
in the Community." She spoke of the 
joy that may be derived from reading 
and how we may develop a liking for 
reading. It takes us out of our every- 
day life and gives us a new outlook. 

When funds are not available for 
books, the State Library in Harris- 
burg may be drawn on at small ex- 
pense to the individual community. 

Books for a bookshelf in the Grange 
may be accumulated either through 
gifts or by a small outlay of money 
from time to time. Each person has 
certain interests which determine the 
type of book which attracts. 

Everyone may not have time or the 
desire to read, but a short review of 
a book given in an interesting way 
will often help to develop a liking for 
that use of leisure time. 

As usual the time was too short for 
full discussion. 

A very short discussion on the plan- 
ning, equipment, and care of the 
kitchen, that all important and often 
neglected spot in the Grange Hall, 
was led by Mrs. Kresge. 

The sessions ended with a little 
playlet "Grandma's Quilting Party." 
The fact that this playlet was written 
by one of our own Washington Coun- 
ty women and was put on by mem- 
bers of Baileyville Grange, No. 1991, 
in Centre County, and the enthusiasm 
with which it was received shows that 
the Grange itself can provide its own 
entertainment. 

The tea which was served by the 
Home Economics Committee, at the 
end of the first session Thursday af- 
ternoon, provided rest, refreshment 
and recreation. That with the social 
atmosphere which it fostered, fully 
repaid all effort expended. 

The Home Economics Committee, 
too, had charge of the table decora- 
tions for the banquet Friday evening, 
when each guest received a carnation 
as a place card. 

Helpful Hints 

1. When baking two crust cherry 
or berry pies, a wet strip of muslin 
about % inch wide placed over the 
edge of pie will keep juice from run- 
ning out. The crust will brown under 
the cloth. 

2. Have you ever used threads from 
the material for mending instead of 
sewing thread? You will often find 
it most satisfactory. 

3. Corn meal mush will brown very 
quickly when fried if a little sugar is 
put in the water when boiling. 



4. When beating eggs separately 
beat the white first, then "steal" a lit- 
tle bit of it to start the yolks. The 
yolks will not stick to the beater and 
will become light quicker. 

5. When making fudge, stir in half 
a pound of marshmallows before you 
turn it into the tin to cool. They melt 
immediately and make the candy 
smooth. 

6. Vinegar that has been used for 
pickles adds a pleasant flavor to may- 
onnaise and improves your salads. 

Will the sisters send some "Helpful 
Hints" to the chairman or a member 
of the State Home Economics Com- 
mittee near them, also a recipe that is 
not in the Grange Cook Book. This 
is your page and we want you to use 
it. Pass a good thing along. 

A June Wedding 

Serving 30 people 

Fruit or chicken salad 

Finger rolls Olives Celery 

Ice cream Fancy-cakes 

Wedding cake 8 qts. fruit punch 

Amount to serve thirty 

4 qts. mixed fruit or 12 lbs. chicken 

2 qts. cut celery 

3 cupfuls mayonnaise 
3 doz. finger rolls 

1 qt. olives 

Hearts of celery 
1 lb. salted nuts 
1 lb. candies 

5 qts. ice cream 

6 lb. wedding cake 

Serve six to each quart, 2 lbs. fancy 
cakes. 

For punch 1^/^ doz. lemons, 3 large 
oranges, pint fruit juice, sugar to taste 
and 8 qts. water, strawberries cut up 
and crushed pineapple added, makes a 
delicious drink, icy cold. 

Chicken Salad for 30 Persons 
12 lbs. stewing chicken 

2 qts. cut celery 

3 cupfuls mayonnaise, season to 

taste 
3 heads lettuce 
Cook chicken until tender, remove 
all skin and fat and cut in cubes with 
sharp scissors, cut celery fine and add 
to chicken, add mayonnaise and mix 
well, cover salad plates with shredded 
lettuce, put chicken in center, garnish 
with hard boiled eggs cut in eights 
and stuffed olives cut in rings. 

Parker House Rolls 
Prepare the day before 
Combine 2 cupfuls milk with 1/2 
cupful sugar, 2 teaspoonfuls salt and 
3 tablespoonfuls shortening. Cool un- 
til lukewarm, meanwhile soften 2 
yeast cakes in i/4 cupful lukewarm 
water, then add 1 teaspoonful sugar 
and stir into the lukewarm mixture. 
Next add 2 beaten eggs, stir in 4 cup- 
fuls bread flour. Beat thoroughly, 
then add 3 more cupfuls bread flour, 
and as much more as can be stirred 
into the dough without making it nec- 
essary to knead. Brush the surface of 
the dough lightly with melted fat, 
cover tightly and store in the refrig- 
erator. Let rise till double (2 or 3 
hours) when you use it, make into 
rolls the usual way and bake 12 to 15 
minutes in a hot oven. Make 40 rolls. 

Iris 

Mythology says— When the Queen 
of Heaven wished to send messengers 
to mortals on earth, she threw out the 
rainbow for their descent, and where- 
ever the rainbow touched the earth, 
the Rainbow flowers — the Iris — snranff 
forth ! 

If this be true the Queen of Heaven 
was truly impartial, for Iris grows in 
every part of the world. There are 
one hundred and seventy distinct spe- 
cies known and varieties innumerable! 



So I now and here nominate th 
Iris for the flower symbol when »^ 
shall have become truly international 
— when every knee shall bow— and all 
the kingdoms of the world shall be- 
long to Christ our Risen Lord. 

The late Bertram Tarr — retired mu- 
sician and true poet was among \u 
first to realize the possibilities of the 
Iris and to make it better known to 
flower lovers. His beautiful descrip. 
tion — "Mysterious as the opal, with its 
every changing fire, its marvelous 
structure more wonderful than the 
Orchid, so fragile as to be crushed by 
the slightest pressure, its beauty seems 
wholly ethereal, and only to those 
seeking closer acquaintance, is re- 
vealed the rare beauty of its soft iri- 
descence, making you dream of fai 
away things — like smoky clouds at 
dusk or the rainbow glistening in the 



June, 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 11 



sun. 



With the advent of April our first 
Iris, the Alpines and Pumilas will 
spread out their sheets of purple, blue, 
white and gold, no higher than the 
crocuses. Then will come the Inter- 
mediates, the first product of the hy- 
bridizers gained by crossing Pumila 
with Germanica until the procession 
is ever increasing in height and color 
and beauty until the full glory of Iris 
Germanica burst in splendor through 
June to be followed by Orientalis and 
Sibericas and then the largest of them 
all — the Japanese — that takes us weD 
into July. 

These once ended the procession but 
now in August come the fall blooming 
Iris — developed largely by the Sass 
Brothers' untiring efforts — and so the 
procession goes on until killing frosts 
have called a halt — and even this does 
not end the Iris Season for the bulb- 
ous Iris — English — Spanish and 
Dutch are favorites of our florists for 
forcing for winter flowering. 

One of the latest additions to the 
Iris world are the ones found growing 
in the Swamps of Louisiana, very taU 
and very brilliant, also fall blooming. 
J. C. Nichols is working on hybridii- 
ing these and new and interesting de- 
velopments may be expected. 

The best known of our Iris are of 
course the Germanica or tall bearded 
ones and are of easy culture and as 
hardy as oaks. While many of the 
native ones are bog lovers and at their 
best along streams or around pools, 
the Germanica loves well drained soil 
and full sunlight, clean culture so the 
rhizome can sun themselves. 



Iris can be planted any time 
survive — but the best time is just as 
they finish blooming. This is a real 
advantage for then you can blend your 
colors and groups for height an<l 
blooming dates and create your next 
year pictures. 

Each rhizome given one foot of 
space will fill that in three years and 
should then be moved and divided into 
single rhizomes again. That too is 
one of their chief charms for an In' 
fan has always the joy of starting 
other gardens. Because they multiply 
so rapidly a new introduction this 
year may be out of reach, but in ju^* 
a very short time it comes within our 
budget and some of the very oldest 
ones still rank high among the newest 
creations. Clean culture, bone meal 
and lime and you have a garden 01 
loveliness. 

Until quite recently Iris had no dis- 
eases or enemies. Now we have to 
fight root rot with good drainage and 
plenty of gypsum and the Iris borej 
by burning all the old foilage fl^d 
refuse from the Iris garden and ^V^^^ 
the new growth with Dutox. H/"^ 
borer reaches the rhizomes soak tM' 
oughly with a solution made by df 
solving 1 oz. corrosive sublimate "i 



h six gallons of water. But they 

a?e worth saving. 

Dryden translates from Virgil— 

"Indulge their width, and add a roomy 
space. 

That their extremest lines may 
scarce embrace; 

Xot this alone to indulge a vain de- 
light, 

And make a pleasing prospect for 
the sight; 

But for the ground itself, this only 
way, 

Can equal vigor to the plants convey. 

Which crowded, want the room their 
blossoms to display. 



DRINK INCREASE GREATEST 
AMONG PEOPLE UNDER 30 

Indulgence in alcohol shows an in- 
crease of 149 per cent as a cause of 
uninsurability among men and women 
under 30, according to the experience 
records of Northwestern National Life 
Insurance Company of Minneapolis. 
For all ages the increase in rejections 
involving alcoholic excesses is 25 per 
cent since the prerepeal days of 1931- 
32, the record reveals. 

At the same time, examination of 
the company's accepted insurance ap- 
plications for the spring of 193.5 as 
compared with the same period of 
1932 discloses an increase of 74 per 
cent in the proportion of applicants 
reported as using alcoholic beverages. 
This figure includes all reports of in- 
dulgence, occasional as well as habit- 
ual. Again, young people show a 
much greater increase than those of 
any other age group, with a gain of 
138 per cent in users of intoxicants 
among those under 30. 

In the analysis of rejections, only 
cases of heavy indulgence, sufficient 
to be a factor in the rejection of the 
applicants, were considered. For the 
year ending April 1, 1932, such cases 
averaged 17.6 per 100 rejections; for 
the year ending April 1, 1935, 22 cases 
per 100 were reported — an increase of 
25 per cent. 

In the group under age 30, the 
same 1931-32 period showed that 11.9 
out of each 100 rejections involved 
alcoholic excesses, while for the 1934- 
35 period, this proportion leaped to 
29.7 cases per 100, an increase of 149 
per cent. 

In the age group from 30 to 45, the 
increase was only 3 per cent in the 
same time — from 30.9 cases per 100 
m 1931-32, to 31.9 per 100 in 1934-35. 

A decrease of 12 per cent was shown 
in rejections involving alcoholic ex- 
cesses in the age group from 45 years 
and over, with a drop from 11.6 cases 
per 100 in the prohibition 1931-32 
period, to 10.2 per 100 under repeal. 

Analysis of accepted applications 
for the spring of 1932, covering all de- 
crees of alcoholic indulgence, showed 
^■^ per 100 applicants under 30 used 
intoxicants, while in the spring of 
^»35, the proportion for the same age 
?roup was 19.5 per 100, an increase of 
m per cent. 

In the age group from 30 to 45, ac- 
So applications in the spring of 
J»^2 showed 22.2 per 100 new policy- 
'lolaers were users of alcoholic bev- 
^f»?es, as against 36.9 per 100 in 1935 
^jncrease 66 per cent. 

Users of intoxicants among new 
^"cyholders in 1932, age 45 and over, 
nT^^i/J^'^ per 100, compared with 31.8 
per 100 in 1935 an increase of 70 per 
cent. 

in^/o?^^® per 100 for all age groups 
I93J ^^^ ^^'^ ^^ against 26.6 in 
^ an increafee of 74 per cent. 



LOGAN GRANGE 

HOLDS RECEPTION 

FOR STATE STEWARD 

On March 28 about 125 members of 
Logan Grange and friends from dif- 
ferent Granges of the county gathered 
in their Hall to honor one of its mem- 
bers, Brother L. E. Biddle, who was 
elected Steward of State Grange at 
their last session held at Hershey, Pa. 

A delightful program was rendered 
as follows: 

Opening song — "Bringing in the 
Sheaves." 

Prayer by Chaplain Maude Tibbens. 

Worthy Master Kaymond N. 
Brooks acted as toastmaster and made 
some very pleasing remarks. 

Piano solo — Helen Weaver. 

Remarks were made by Cecil Irvin, 
of Washington Grange, M. W. Fry, of 
Baileyville and C. M. Hackenburg, of 
Bald Eagle Grange. 

Guitar and vocal solos — Harriet and 
Dorothy Showers. 

Remarks by George McCormick, of 
Progress Grange and Harry Confer, 
of Howard. 

Piano and vocal solo — Mr. and Mrs. 
James Biddle. 

Mrs. Fry, Mrs. Confer and Mrs. 
Kyle Alexander made some very pleas- 
ing remarks. 

''Logan Grange" a song composed by 
Martha Noll, a Logan Grange mem- 
ber, was then sung. 

Remarks were made by Jacob 
Shearer, a veteran Granger. 

Piano and vocal selection — Mr. and 
Mrs. Ward Krape and family. 

Remarks by Lester Pletcher of Lo- 
gan Grange and Kyle Alexander of 
Union Grange. 

Mrs. John Donley, Lecturer of Bail- 
eyville Grange presented Mr. and Mrs. 
L. E. Biddle with a beautiful floral 
tribute and other gifts to which Mr. 
and Mrs. Biddle responded in their 
usual pleasing manner. 

Closing song— "Be Faithful Oh Ye 
Patron." 



id \^^^- ^^^ pilot must pass a rig- 
^^^?y^^eal examination every six 



GETTING RID OF WEEDS 

There is no such thing as a lawn 
entirely free from weeds. Soils con- 
tain weed seeds in spite of our pre- 
cautions, and the slightest set-back to 
the grass will cause them to sprout and 
struggle to take possession of the 
ground. We can only strive for what 
is possible — a lawn almost free from 
weeds, and this may be had only with 
healthy, well-nourished grass, strong 
enough to resist the continuous in- 
growth of the pests. 

While we cannot exercise control 
over climatic conditions, we can con- 
trol several other factors important to 
grass growth — namely, water it prop- 
erly when needed, cut it, and feed it 
with a complete plant food when it 
needs nourishment. Doing these three 
things will assure a thriving turf, and 
make your lawn an unpleasant place 
for weeds to live. 

Proper watering and regular feed- 
ing of the lawn with a complete plant 
food encourages vigorous growth. 
Naturally, the lawn grows quicker and 
requires cutting more often. While 
cutting has little effect on the grass, 
each cutting will "bleed" and weaken 
the weed. Thus the weed is prevented 
from making any substantial top 
growth or from going to seed. In the 
meantime, the dense grass roots re- 
sulting from the proper feeding and 
watering will crowd around the weed's 
roots and hinder growth. 

To assure a practically weedless 
lawn follow the three pointers on lawn 
making and maintenance given below: 

1. Feed the lawn at regular inter- 
vals with a complete plant food. 

2. Water the lawn whenever the soil 



becomes dry. Soak it thoroughly and 
do not water again until the need be- 
comes evident as frequent light sprin- 
klings are harmful. 

3. Cut grass regularly. But do not 
cut it closer than iy2 inches from the 
soil surface and do not allow it to be- 
come more than three inches in height. 



WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA IN- 
TER-COUNTY GRANGE PICNIC 

The eighth annual Western Penn- 
sylvania Inter-County Grange Picnic 
will be held at Treesdale Farms, Mars, 
Penna., on Wednesday, May 19, 1935. 
Brother Harry A. Caton, Secretary of 
the National Grange, will be the 
speaker. 

This will be a basket picnic, and 



free coffee will be furnished. Ice 
cream and soft drinks will be sold. 

Music will be furnished by the 
Treesdale Farms Band and the Little 
German Band. 

Sports 

Mushball. 

Races. 

Tennis (Bring racquet and shoes). 

Swimming (Bring bathing suit). 

Be sure to register. The following 
prizes will be awarded: 

Door prize. 

Person traveling the longest dis- 
tance. 

Largest family present. 

Largest county delegation. 

The world knows nothing of its 
greatest men. 



OUR FASDON AND PATTERN DEPARTMENT 

All patterns 15c in stamps or coin (coin preferred). 




Our Summer Fashion Magazine la 15 centa a copy, but may be obtained for 10 cent* 
when ordered same time as pattern. 



866 — Very Simple — Pretty ! Designed for 
sizes 14, 16. 18 years, 36, 38 and 
40-lnches bust. Size 16 requires 
^Vi yards of 39-lnch material with 
% yard of 35-lnch contrasting for 
belt or a leather belt may be worn. 

852 — Flatters Fuller Figure. Designed for 
sizes 36. 38. 40. 42. 44, 46 and 48- 
Inches bust. Size 36 requires 3% 
yards of 39-lnch material with 2% 
yards of braid. 

699 — Charming Home Frock. Designed for 
sizes 36, 38, 40, 42. 44, 46 and 48- 
Inches bust. Size 36 requires 3J^ 
yards of 3.'i-lnch material with ^ 
yard of 35-lnch contrasting. 



805 — Slender Home Wear. Designed for 
sizes 16, 18 years, 36. 38. 40, 42 
and 44-lnche8 bust. Size 36 re- 
quires 3% yards of 39-lnch ma- 
terial with m, yards of binding. 

801 — For Wee Maids. Designed for sizes 2, 
4 and 6 years. Size 4 requires 
2^ yards of 39-lnch material with 
H yard of 35-lnch contrasting. 

624 — Darling Little Dress. Designed for 
sizes 2, 4 and 6 years. Size 4 re- 
quires 2 yards of 39-lnch material 
with 1 V^ yards of 1-lnch ribbon 
for dress with collar ; and 1 Mi 
yards of 35-lnch material for dress 
without collar. 



Address, giving number and size: 

PATTERN DEPARTMENT. GRANGE NEWS 
428 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



Page 12 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



June, 1935 



Our Juvenile Granges 

Mrs. Elizabeth Starr ey. Mansfield 



Dear Matrons and Deputies: 

I have been thinking* much of late 
whether we as workers among our 
children are really doing the things 
we ought and if we are seeing that we 
are fit for our task. They need much 
guidance and help along many lines 
and we may make our Juvenile 
Grange a place of real help if we fully 
realize our opportunity. 

Matrons and Deputies, read the fol- 
lowing article and think it over, study 
it and see if there are any ways you 
can improve so that you will be of 
better service to your boys and girls. 
Eemember that service is the greatest 
thing in our life today and we who 
serve most are the happiest. Ten tests 
that a worker among children might 
use to see if they were fitted for the 
work as a guide to the Matrons : 

1. Does she really like to associate 
with boys and girls? 

2. Does she enlist the confidence 
of the boys and girls? In touch with 
the point of view, interests, and prej- 
udices of the youth of today ? 

3. Is she keenly interested in the 
world around her? 

4. Has she contagious enthusiasm? 
Enthusiasm is a flame which kindles 
from contact with a glowing interest. 
Flames must always be kept under 
control. Does she get excited about 
things her Juveniles are doing? 

6. Does she seek to become expert 
in some of the fields of activity in 
which the children are engaged ? The 
Matron may learn with her Juveniles 
but at the same time a fund of knowl- 
edge and sound experience commands 
their respect. 

6. Is she able to give constructive 
suggestions in the activities of her 
Grange? Could it be said of her, "She 
seems to radiate ideas," "She thinks 
of something new" ? 

7. Is she able to guide without dic- 
tation ? Guide, but at the same time 
seem to let the youngsters learn by 
organizing, planning, and enacting. 

8. Has she the ability to plan sys- 
tematically? It is necessary to see 
that many members be working with 
enthusiasm and initiative and that 
their efforts be directed toward some 
common goal. 

9. Is she willing to give time and 
thought that her Grange may be a 
success? She must feel that the time 
invested is paying rich dividends. 

10. Is she democratic in spirit ? Her 
Juvenile Grange must afford every 
member a chance and opportunity for 
growth. 



Grange at Tioga County Center 
Grange, and Eichard Keamer is the 
new Master. Miss Cassie Abernathy 
is the Matron and we know this 
Grange will be a fine success under 
her leadership. 

To date this county has twenty ac- 
tive Juvenile Granges and many of 
the present officers of the Subordinate 
Grange and past members of their 
Juveniles and well does the training 
they have received in the Juvenile 
show in their work now. 

Worthy Deputies will you report 
your new Juveniles to me at once 
after you organize them so we may 
all know of them? 



filled out as we have received some 
that have no signatures of Masters, 
Secretary, or Matron. 



Fathers, Sons and Daughters, 

Ridge Grange reports that L. E. 
Startzell is Master of their Subordi- 
nate Grange and his daughter, Mary 
A. Startzell, is the Master of the Ju- 
venile Grange. 

Tioga County Center Grange re- 
ports to me that Merrill Reamer is 
the Subordinate Grange Master and 
his son, Richard, is the Master of the 
Juvenile Grange. 

So with the one reported in Febru- 
ary we know of three parents and 
children who are working side by side 
in the same form of work. I wish I 
knew of some others. 

I am more than pleased to report 
that Tioga County has another new 
Juvenile Grange. On Friday, May 
17, State Deputy, Mrs. Dana K. 
Campbell, organized a Juvenile 



Here are a few books that all Ma- 
trons might find useful in their work. 
"Ten Folk Songs and Ballads" and 
"Ten More Folk Songs," published by 
the E. C. Schirmer Music Co., 221 
Columbus Ave., Boston, Mass. These 
are inexpensive, only costing 12c 
each. There is much helpful material 
in them and here is another one that 
costs 50c but has many more in it — 
"Rhythmic Play for Elementary and 
High School," University of Nebras- 
ka, Extension Division, Lincoln, Neb. 

Delaware Juvenile Grange, No. 65, 
recently broadcasted over the radio 
station at Sunbury. They gave the 
following program: Song by Grange, 
"Happy Little Grangers"; talk by 
Matron, "Some of the Things the Ju- 
venile Grange Does to Help Boys and 
Girls"; duet, Mary and Ethel Buss; 
mandolin-banjo solo by Cleon Craw- 
ford, "Only Childhood Sweethearts"; 
reading by Glenn Fisher, "At the 
Cross Roads"; solo. Grade Buss; 
recitation by Eleanor Wertman, "All 
Things Bright and Beautiful"; read- 
ing by Glenn Fisher, "A Dad and His 
Lad"; music selection by Cleon 
Crawford; duet, Ethel and Mary 
Buss; song by Grange, "Ola McDon- 
ald Had a Farm." 

I am sure than everyone who heard 
this fine program enjoyed it and I 
hope more Granges will try this. 
Sorne time ago the Union City Ju- 
venile did some broadcasting and I 
know others can do it. Let us know 
of the things you do to please and 
help others. 



Now is the time for programs of a 
Patriotic nature. Flag Day, Independ- 
ence Day, etc., also a good time for a 
travel program. I am sure you need 
no suggestions for such programs. A 
program on World's Fairs would be 
interesting, as on July 14, 1853, the 
first World's Fair was held and we 
have had several others since then. 

Picnic season will soon be here and 
let's have reports of those we have. 

I am proud of the work done by all 
our Juvenile Granges, but I am anx- 
ious that we all do better. I would be 
glad to have all of our Grangers take 
part in our State Essay Contest on 
"The Origin of the Grange." You 
can find much material on this sub- 
ject. Limit this paper to 400 words. 
More information will be given later. 



Honor Roll Counties 
The following are 100 per cent in 
their March reports to State Grange. 
This is given according to the reports 
forwarded to me to date, but of course 
more may come in. Will each Ma- 
tron make an effort to see that your 
report is sent in early so they may be 
forwarded to me all together by our 
Worthy State Master. The following 
are the 100 per cent Granges: Arm- 
strong, Berks, Bucks, Center, Clear- 
field, Lycoming, Cumberland, Mont- 
gomery, Schuylkill, Union, Hunting- 
don and York. The following coun- 
ties just lack one report of being per- 
fect: Mercer, Lawrence, Jefferson, 
Greene, Northumberland, Potter, 
Warren, Washington and Westmore- 
land. 

Let's work a little harder next time 
and see how long a list we can have. 
I^ believe some recognition will be 
given to the one having all reports in 
for the year. 

Worthy Matrons, will you please be 
sure that your reports are properly 



STATE'S NEW FRESH 

EGG LAW TO BECOME 
EFFECTIVE SEPTEMBER 1 

A law that will prove of direct value 
to Pennsylvania poultrymen was re- 
cently enacted by the General Assem- 
bly and approved by Governor Earle. 

This legislation provides standards 
for fresh eggs and prohibits labeling 
eggs as fresh unless they meet the 
minimum requirements set up by the 
law. 

Such terms as "new laid eggs" or 
"strictly fresh eggs" have been used 
in the past in merchandising eggs 
which were not in fact fresh. Hun- 
dreds of prosecutions have been made 
under the existing fresh egg law but 
difficulty has often been encountered 
because no standards for fresh eggs 
were provided by the law. 

The amended fresh egg law estab- 
lishes minimum requirements for 
fresh eggs as follows: (a) The air cell 
must be not more than two-eighths of 
an inch in depth localized regular; 
(b) The yolk may be visible but not 
plainly visible or mobile; (c) The 
white must be firm and clear; (d) 
The germ must not show any visible 
development. 

A tolerance of ten per cent is al- 
lowed in wholesale lots of shell eggs 
for eggs which do not quite meet the 
minimum requirements. In the case 
of retail sales, at least ten eggs in 
each dozen shall conform to the mini- 
mum requirements and only two may 
fall slightly below such requirements. 

Shell eggs which fail to meet the 
fresh egg standards must be sold sim- 
ply as "eggs" except when the shells 
have been treated with oil or in any 
other manner, then the package or 
container shall be clearly and con- 
spicuously marked in a legible man- 
ner "shell treated" or "shell protected" 
if sold as fresh eggs even if conform- 
ing to the specifications of the law. 

The new fresh egg law will become 
effective September 1, 1935 and will 
be enforced by the Department of 
Agriculture. This legislation will 
greatly benefit Pennsylvania poultry- 
men, according to Department offi- 
cials. 



Yon need tape lines, stakes, plant 
labels for garden operations. Get 
them in and have them handy. 



Despise not a small wound, a poor 
relation, or a humble enemy. — Danish 
Proverb. 



The virtue of paganism was 
strength; the virtue of Christianity 
is obedience. — Hare. 



AYRSHIRE BREEDERS' 

REPORT BANNER YEAH 

With registrations and transfers at 
the highest point on record, the Ayr 
shire Breeders' Association reports 
the most satisfactory year's business 
in its history. Registrations of 17 436 
Ayrshires in 1934 as compared witi, 
8,972 in 1933 and 11,419 in 192^: 
formerly the largest year's businesa- 
indicate the growing interest in the 
Scottish dairy cow. 

Breeders report such an unusually 
heavy demand for stock that their sur- 
plus has been greatly reduced and sev- 
eral carloads of registered Ayrshires 
have been shipped from the West to 
satisfy the Eastern demand. Transfers 
increased during the past year to 
8,489 as compared with 5,212 in 1933 

The Association's cash reserve was 
increased during the year with net 
profits of nearly $9,000. New mem- 
bers numbering 185 were added to the 
Association's roster, bringing the total 
to 3,514, which continued to reserve 
for the organization the position of 
the second largest cattle registry asso- 
ciation in the world. 

As usual New York had the great- 
est number of registrations, transfers 
and new members. Pennsylvania was 
second, Vermont third and Massachu- 
setts fourth. Ohio and Maryland 
showed the largest percentage in- 
crease, and Kansas continued to hold 
first rank among the states west of 
the Mississippi River. 

Nearly ten years ago Ayrshire 
breeders pioneered in establishing the 
Herd Test. The continued interest 
in this test and the increased number 
of Ayrshires enrolled during 1934 in- 
dicate the permanent value of this 
tyi)e of test, which now serves as a 
basis for the herd analysis program 
that has been adopted by this organ 
ization. 

Plans approved by the directors for 
promoting the Ayrshire breed during 
the ensuing year include the encour- 
agement of auction sales, and the 
granting of cash prizes for shows of 
entries preceding these sales; cash 
prizes for 4-H Club work, special ei 
hibits at the leading fairs, a picnic 
and field day with each of the various 
local or state Ayrshire Clubs; a 
schedule of advertising in the leading 
agricultural papers, followed by a spe- 
cial service to the members in which 
all inquiries are referred to them for 
sale purposes ; also the promotion of 
Ayrshire milk sales, as well as an 
educational program for better breed- 
ing and herd management. 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



CELEBRATES TWENTY- 
FIFTH ANNIVEESABY 

Willard Grange, No. 1440, Law- 
rence County, celebrated the twenty- 
fifth anniversary of the Grange. 
March 11, 1935. State Master J. A 
Boak, received his Silver Star Cer 
tificate at this meeting. Others re- 
ceiving Certificates were Mrs. J. ^ 
Boak, W. S. Weigle, Mr. and Hrs 
Scott Munnell, Mr. and Mrs. Georgf 
Myers. This meeting was a special 
one in honor of the charter members 
Invitations were sent to all the 
Granges in the county. A pageant. 
"The Silvery Gleam," was given by 
Grange members. After the pageant 
the certificates were presented by Po- 
mona Master W. S. Fullerton of 
Lawrence County. A cake lar?^ 
enough to serve everyone present wa? 
baked by Miss Nina Boyd. Willar^' 
Grange received the banner last yeaj 
for taking in the largest number of 
members in Lawrence County. 



Nor cast one longing, lingering look 
behind. 




Pas:e 13 



THE CHAPLAIN'S MEDITATION 

REV. ROSS M. HAVERFIELD, Monongahela, Pa. 



III. Nurturing Hope 

«Kow the God of hope fill you with 
11 joy and peace in believing, that ye 
may abound in hope, in the power of 
the Holy Spirit." — Romans 15 : 13. 

Hope is defined as "desire accom- 
panied with expectation of obtaining 
that which is desired, or belief that 
it is obtainable." At this season fol- 
lowing the seed-time, Hope is being 
nurtured all about us. In every field 
of growing grain, in every garden plot, 
and in every tender plant, the germ 
of Hope is being cultivated. The 
sower, fostering hope in his heart, 
sows the seed and tends the crop an- 
ticipating the harvest in the fall ; the 
gardener awaits the vegetables, and 
the florist dreams of the roses. 

Hope is a God-given faculty that 



every good Patron of Husbandry 
should faithfully nurture. It is hope 
for the future that encourages us in 
the present; it is hope that produces 
fortitude to endure and courage to 
press on; it is hope that sees through 
the tears of sorrow and the clouds of 
disappointment the sunshine of eter- 
nal day. 

Therefore, let us constantly nurture 
Hope in our own souls that we may 
be stedfast as those "seeing Him who 
is invisible"; and may we nurture 
hope in our fellowmen that they may 
be inspired to lift up their eyes to God 
our divine Master, and live. 
"Our God, our help in ages past, 
Our hope for years to come, 
Be Thou our guide while life shall 
last, 
And our eternal home." 



Patrons^ Forum 

Articles not over 400 words, properly 
signed, will be accepted. Rights are re- 
served to reject articles not suitable. 
G&ANGB Nejws is not responsible for any 
opinions expressed in these columns. 



STEWAEDSmP 

By Joseph Farabaugh 

A steward is the manager of an- 
other's affairs, usually in household 
matters, where he is in charge of food 
supplies and the like. This is exem- 
plified in the Grange, where it is the 
duty of the worthy steward to take 
care of the implements of the Grange 
and to guard the gates so that none 
wlio are not entitled may enter the 
portals, and further to at all times be 
ready to protect the Grange against 
enemies. The Farmer's Alliance, the 
organization of the farmers in this 
community previous to the Grange, 
had no guarded doors, with the result 
that enemies got into their midst and, 
learning their secrets and plans, be- 
trayed them to middlemen and other 
exploiters. 

But stewardship is not limited to 
the office of steward even in the 
Grange. Each officer in his place is 
manager of the affairs of the Grange 
household. The welfare of the Grange 
membership, both in and out of the 
Grange, is affected by the degree of 
faithfulness with wliich each and 
every one performs his or her part. 
J»o all should feel called upon to be 
faithful in their stewardship. Lastly, 
every member should consider it a 
auty and a privilege to do all in his 
J^r her power to promote the good work 
l^y regular attendance, by taking part 
'n the programs when possible, and 
pven by friendly criticism and sug- 
f^pstions when it seems necessary 
father than by destructive fault-find- 

.^0 one is free from liability to 
mistakes. The Grange motto is "In 

;;ones8entials, liberty; in all things, 

charity." 

^ "rograms should be so arranged as 
8ive the largest number possible 
^fi opportunity to take part. 
Une of the chief purposes of the 

Pf V."^9^hood and womanhood by 
(fo^H ^^^^ righteousness, showing 
eat* ^^^"^P^^ *^ ^^1' ^y temperance in 
beiri^^l ^"'^^^"P^ and language, by 
^'^ "^^^est and just in our dealings 
jn our fellowman and by striving 
tlin *^ t^e affairs of government to 
^•^yame high plane. 

e should use our influence to im- 



press every public official with the 
importance of faithfully performing 
the duties of his office so that when 
he is called to give an account of his 
stewardship he shall not be found in 
default. 

If all public officials, especially the 
legislators, had been true to their 
stewardship, our civilization would 
not be in the awful condition it is at 
this time, when, except for a system 
of public relief, millions of our people 
would be reduced to actual starvation, 
and that, not in a barren region, but 
in a land of superabundance of nat- 
ural resources, where food and other 
wealth became so cheap and plentiful 
but so badly distributed as to produce 
the anomalous condition of unemploy- 
ment and extreme want in the midist 
of plenty. 

This state of affairs speaks badly 
for the stewardship of those who con- 
trol legislation and for our educa- 
tional leaders who, at the behest of 
the privileged class, have sponsored a 
theory of political economy which in 
practice has produced such disastrous 
consequences — a political economy 
which must eventually bring about 
the destruction of our boasted civili- 
zation. These things are true not only 
in America but in Europe, from 
whence our economic system was 
copied and where civilization is under 
a dark cloud and appears destined to 
pass under total eclipse. 

This condition of affairs — that is, 
the enormous concentration of wealth 
in the hands of the few while the many 
are crushed into helpless poverty — is 
not the result of mere chance, for as 
in the individual life of man in the 
physical world of matter, motion and 
energy, everything is the effect of a 
definite cause and every cause is fol- 
lowed by its inevitable effect, so also 
in the social sphere every effect fol- 
lows a definite cause. Natural law 
reigns supreme. 

Whenever puny man refuses to live 
in harmony with the natural laws of 
his being he suffers the natural con- 
sequences. There is an old adage that 
"ignorance of the law excuses no 
man." If nnyone eats of a poisonous 
chemical or plant the result will be 
the same with or without knowledge 
of its deadly qualities. The same 
thing is true in the life of a commu- 
nity, state or nation. If any commu- 
nity allows itself to be controlled by 
man-made laws or customs that are 
not in harmony with the laws of God 
or nature, the natural consequences 
will just as surely follow. 

This appalling concentration of 
wealth which is intensified at inter- 



vals of about 10 years for over 160 
years into what are known as depres- 
sions or industrial depressions, ac- 
companied by widespread unemploy- 
ment and poverty, is simply the result 
of the violation by man-made laws of 
the immutable laws of nature. Even 
wars are brought about from the same 
cause. Take for example, the Ameri- 
can Civil War. Every school boy 
knows it was caused by chattel slavery, 
that atrocious violation of human 
rights which was defended by the so- 
called highest of respectable classes. 

Many people are of the opinion that 
the depression was caused by a sud- 
den and unforeseen collapse of the 
banking and financial system, while 
the real fact is that the financial crisis 
was the culmination of a period of 
land speculation, pyramiding of rents 
and salaries and a piling up of taxa- 
tion until there was so little of the 
rewards of labor left in the hands of 
the producing classes to spend for the 
satisfaction of their wants and the 
payment of debts that it resulted in 
the inevitable collapse of the whole 
economic system of which the banks 
were the visible head and front. 

The true solution does not lie in 
the direction of legal price-fixing or 
the curtailment of production to raise 
prices, but in the establishment of an 
equitable system of distribution under 
which the producer would receive the 
product of his industry instead of al- 
lowing it to concentrate into the pos- 
session of a few, a condition where a 
few have annual incomes up to several 
millions while millions of fellow citi- 
zens are reduced to the condition 
where they have no income because 
deprived of even the opportunity to 
apply their labor to the bounteous 
natural resources to produce the ab- 
solute necessaries and comforts of life. 

It is my firm conviction that the 
Grange, in exerting its influence on 
affairs of public legislation and admin- 
istration, should strenuously oppose 
all forms of special privilege: for in 
this way only can equal rights and 
justice to all be maintained. The very 
essence of democracy, orderly govern- 
ment and general prosperity is the 
maintenance of equal rights, especially 
to the natural resources and the nat- 
ural rights of trade. It is the neglect 
and violation of this vital principle 
that has brought our boasted civiliza- 
tion to the brink of destruction. 



FARMS AND CREDITS 

The unfortunate mental outlook of 
the American People upon money is 
that they have come to think of it as 
wealth when as a matter of fact money 
itself is not wealth. Money bears the 
same relation to trade and commerce 
as does the bushel measure and the 
foot rule or the weigh scales; it is that 
which, by common consent, we have 
fixed as the legal measure of value. 

When we wish to consider wealth we 
must think only of the material things 
which are derived from the earth by 
the labor of Man. We cultivate the 
soil for food and raiment ; we mine for 
fuel, — coal, oil, clay products, lead, sil- 
ver, gold, iron, copper, tin, etc. — all 
needful in creating wealth such as 
homes, tools, machines and transpor- 
tation and communication facilities, 
without which we would revert to bar- 
ter and barbarism. And it is the ac- 
cumulation of these things, together 
with the God-given sun and soil faith- 
fully cooperating, which makes up the 
wealth of the human family. 

Without these material things we 
call wealth, all the gold and silver in 
the known world would be worth just 
the same as so much iron or copper or 
brass. They would serve, as they have 
served for uncounted ages, to make 
ornampnts, arm bands, earrings, nose- 



rings and breastplates for a prideful 
people, — and it would purchase just so 
much food or other material wealth, 
as the owner might choose to part with 
to gratify his pride for ornaments. 

Two men ; one possessed with all the 
gold and silver, and the other with all 
the food, but limited in amount to sus- 
tain life of only one, meet in the sands 
of the Sahara; — would the man with 
the food exchange it for the gold and 
silver? Hardly! And this illustrates 
the difference between actual wealth 
and the measure of the value of wealth. 
Although gold and silver were long 
ago legalized as standards of measure- 
ment of values in trade, the great mag- 
nitude of America's commerce and 
trade, was carried on, — not with 
money but credit, — or the so-called 
check-book money. It is estimated 
that during normal times, it required 
more than three hundred billions of 
check-book money or credits, to carry 
on the business of the country. With 
this volume of trade moving through 
the nearly thirty thousand scattered 
banks of the country, wealth was be- 
ing accumulated at the rate of about 
ninety billion dollars a year. Now, 
less than fifty billions. The Federal 
Reserve System, — which had been es- 
tablished to prevent panics and de- 
pressions sponsored the expansion of 
credits which led to the loaning of 
vast sums to foreign countries, and the 
era of wild speculation which ended in 
the breakdown of the fiscal system of 
the country in the fall of 1929. In the 
mad whirl of bank failures which fol- 
lowed through 1930-31-32, the gover- 
nors of some of the eastern states de- 
clared moratoriums and the closing of 
their banks, and then on taking his 
oath of office. President Roosevelt is- 
sued his proclamation closing all 
banks; chaos was in sight; a week of 
terror filled the hearts of all Amer- 
icans. It seemed a question whether 
we would have mob rule anarchy and 
a repetition of red Russian bloodshed, 
or something else as bad. 

But the President had promised re- 
form in money management, — ^he said 
he would drive the Money Changers 
out of the Temple, — and the people 
listened; the Pecora hearings were 
held and startling revelations came 
about the manipulations of High Fi- 
nance which had resulted in the con- 
centration of all the national wealth 
through control of money and credit 
in the hands of a few. That investi- 
gations called aloud for reform, — but 
so far. High Finance is more securely 
intrenched than before, — the People of 
the whole nation have in effect guar- 
anteed the banks, — and the money of 
the country is safely carried there now^ 
— and likewise, there it remains, and 
probably will so remain for a long 
time, — for the bankers still cx)ntrol not 
only the money but the credits which 
money supports. Mr. Roosevelt has a 
Bill before Congress which provides 
that control of the issue of money and 
credits shall be placed in Congress, but 
the bankers have united in a great 
fight to defeat the measure; they will 
not surrender their vast and unlimited 
power over the future and fortunes of 
the American People until forced to it 
by the strong arm of the Government 
itself. The Constitution says that 
Congress, and not private banks, shal? 
coin money and regulate the value- 
thereof. The passage of the Roosevelt 
Administration Bill will merely put 
the Money Question where it consti- 
tutionally belongs. 
May 23, 1935. M. I. M. 



Women endure pain more heroi- 
cally than men — as any doctor or shoe' 
dealer will tell you. 

None but the brave deserves the» 
fair. 



Page 14 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



•'"ne, 1935 



COLUMBIA POMONA MEETS 

IN REGULAR SESSION 

Pomona No. 5 met with Valley 
Grange on April 12. Over 300 at- 
tended the sessions and a class of 27 
were initiated in the degree of Po- 
mona. Dinner and supper were served 
by the ladies of Valley Grange. 
Worthy Master Ralph Hosier gave 
a very good report of his activities 
during the quarter and C. H. Dil- 
dine gave a report on the Farmers and 
Traders Life Insurance Company and 
urged the Patrons to patronize this 
company. Our very Worthy Lec- 
turer, Margorie Magargle, had splen- 
did literary programs arranged for 
both afternoon and evening consist- 
ing of discussions, addresses, musical 
numbers and plays. It was decided to 
hold the June meeting on June 7 in- 
stead of the regular date of the 14th 
so as to receive the gavel from Ly- 
coming at our Pomona meeting. 

The following resolutions were 
passed by Pomona No. 5, April 12, 
1935. 

Be It Resolved, that we give a ris- 
ing vote of thanks to Valleg Grange, 
for its splendid hospitality as hosts 
to Pomona No. 5. 

Be it also resolved that we support 
the measure of the State Grange of 
not allowing any of the gas or license 
funds for any other purpose than the 
construction or maintainance of 
roads. 

Resolved, That Pomona No. 5 go 
on record as opposed to any legisla- 
ture which tends to make potatoes a 
basic product or which sets a standard 
other than measure or weight. 

And a copy of these resolutions be 
forwarded to John H. Light, Harris- 
burg, giving him the support and en- 
couragement of Pomona No. 5 and 
that they also be put on the minutes 
of this meeting. 

Walter E. Seely, 
Chairman Com. of Resolutions. 



HISTORY CONTEST 

FEATURED RACCOON 

GRANGE MEETING 

Raccoon Grange No. 1565 presented 
its history at a meeting held in Fair- 
view Grange Hall, Thursday Evening, 
April 26th. The history was presented 
in conjunction with the Beaver 
County Pomona Grange history con- 
test, and was portrayed by means of a 
pageant. The four different scenes of 
the pageant were homes of Grange 
members. 

Raccoon Grange was organized at 
Smith's School, on March 6, 1913, by 
J. 0. Turner, state deputy, from Mur- 
docksville, Pa., with 53 charter mem- 
bers. James Storer was elected first 
master. The Grange progressed rap- 
idly. Whole families joined and, in 
addition to the social and legislative 
benefits, many took advantage of buy- 
ing cooperatively through the Key- 
stone Grange exchange. The meet- 
ings at that time were enlivened by 
debates, "spelling bees" and all sorts 
of literary effort calculated to stimu- 
late the mental faculties as well as to 
provide recreation from the duties of 
farm work. 

During 1920, Raccoon Grange held 
no meetings, and in 1921 it was re- 
vived and the place of meeting was 
changed to the Green Garden School- 
house. They progressed so well then 
that in 1925 ground was broken for a 
Grange Hall on the site where the 
present hall is located. The labor on 
the hall was done by the members and 
it was completed a year later. From 
that time. Raccoon Grange has grown 
until now it has over one hundred 
members. Only eight years after the 
hall was built, the mortgage was 



burned at one of the finest meetings 
ever held in their hall. 

Raccoon Grange has always been ac- 
tive in county Grange work, and only 
last year won the "Traveling Altar," 
a highly coveted prize awarded for 
meritorious Grange work. 

Raccoon Grange history has been a 
record of a group of persons working 
toward a common goal, rather than of 
outstanding work done by any one in- 
dividual. They have always stood for 
those things which create good citi- 
zens; always endeavoring to maintain 
a high standard of moral and spiritual 
ideals among themselves. 

They have taken part in all the dra- 
matic contests sponsored by the Rural 
sociological department of State Col- 
lege and in many other ways have de- 
veloped the dramatic abilities of their 
members. 

Raccoon Grange has been and is a 
social center for the community, and 
also the meeting place for practically 
every event of importance held in Rac- 
coon Township. 

The Raccoon Juvenile Grange is one 
of the most active in the county. The 
juveniles have their own meeting place 
and conduct their own meetings. It 
has only been organized about one 
year. 

Raccoon Grange members are at 
present striving to bring the benefits 
of membership to more people and 
hope to soon have a large increase in 
membership. 

Their next meeting will be Monday 
evening. May 6th, in their hall on 
Green Garden road, at which time the 
third and fourth degrees will be con- 
ferred on a class of candidates. 



ever, that this sharp drop in compara- 
tive production has been reduced in 
recent weeks. Weekly reports on but- 
ter production during April and early 
May indicate that production was less 
than in comparable weeks of 1934 but 
the decrease in these weeks was smaller 
than earlier in 1935. 

Milk production per cow on May 1st 
was 2.4 per cent more than on May 1, 
1934, but there are about five per cent 
fewer milk cows on farms, and total 
milk production on May 1st was about 
two per cent less than a year ago. On 
January 1, 1935, total milk produc- 
tion was about 10 per cent less than 
on January 1, 1934. 



AGRICULTURE 



LOANS THREE BILLIONS 

IN TWO YEARS 

The Farm Credit Administration 
completes its second year of business 
to-day (May 27th) having loaned al- 
most $3,000,000,000 or an average of 
over $4,000,000 a day since organiza- 
tion. 

Effective two years ago to-day an 
executive order of the President con- 
solidated in one organization all Fed- 
eral farm lending agencies; and the 
newly organized Farm Credit Admin- 
istration was authorized to meet the 
emergency in agricultural credit by 
undertaking the greatest farm refi- 
nancing program in history. Under 
the Farm Credit Act of 1933 the coop- 
erative farm financing system, already 
represented in the field of long-term 
credit by the 17-year-old Federal land 
banks, was extended by setting up the 
production credit associations and the 
banks for cooperatives. 

In two years of the Farm Credit Ad- 
ministration, total farm mortgage 
loans by the Federal land banks and 
Land Bank Commissioner aggregate 
$1,728,000,000, total short-term pro- 
duction credit $955,000,000, and loans 
to farmers' marketing and purchasing 
cooperatives $241,000,000, according 
to a statement from the Farm Credit 
Administration by Deputy Governor 
F. F. Hill. 



DAIRY PRODUCTS OUTPUT 

SMALLEST IN YEARS 

Continued small production of dairy 
products and reduced consumption are 
principal elements in the dairy situa- 
tion according to the Bureau of Agri- 
cultural Economics. Stocks of hay 
and grain are light and little supple- 
mentary feeding will be done until 
new crops become available. Pastures 
are in better condition than a year ago. 

The bureau says production of the 
principal manufactured dairy prod- 
ucts in March was 11 per cent less than 
a year ago, and the smallest March 
total since 1927. It is believed, how- 



Assuming that the $4,880,000,000 
relief-works bill recently signed by 
President Roosevelt will soon bring 
in a million dollars a day into Penn- 
sylvania for public works, Lancaster 
County Grangers Saturday urged 
Governor Earle to cut his relief tax 
program in half, and to confine taxa- 
tion for relief purposes to incomes, 
excess profits and inheritances. 

This was the substance of one of 
five resolutions passed by Pomona 
Grange, No. 71, at its quarterly meet- 
ing in Kirkwood. The other resolu- 
tions adopted were: Citing abuse of 
relief funds in Pennsylvania and urg- 
ing revisions of relief lists to elimi- 
nate those who can obtain work but 
won't until they are eliminated: 

Oppose House Bill 840 

Calling upon the Legislature to de- 
feat House Bill 840, which would 
place an 8-mill tax on mutual insur- 
ance companies, saying that the tax 
would merely result in increased pre- 
miums; 

Calling upon the Legislature to de- 
feat House Bill 1199, which would 
increase compensation insurance re- 
quirements, and 

Commending Governor Earle for 
his efforts to obtain fair prices for 
milk producers, but urging him not 
to interfere with the work of coopera- 
tive milk companies. 

About 200 persons attended the 
meeting as guests of Colerain Grange. 
Twenty-two members of the Lower 
Bucks and Philadelphia Pomona 
brought the state traveling gavel, 
which was presented by Master Pal- 
mer B. Tomlinson to Master Charles 
^[. McSparran, of Fulton. 

John A. McSparran 
McSparran was elected to represent 
the Pomona in the forthcoming elec- 
tion of a trustee of Pennsylvania 
State College. Mrs. L. Ruppin, Eph- 
rata, was reelected to the executive 
committee, and Elwood Stuber, Eph- 
rata, to the finance committee. 

A class of seven candidates was ini- 
tiated into the fifth, or Pomona, de- 
gree of the Grange during the eve- 
ning session. During the afternoon, 
a literary program was given in charge 
of Mrs. Howard Picering. The ban- 
ner for largest proportional attend- 
ance was won by Warwick Grange. 

The next meeting will be a picnic 
in August, the place to be chosen 
later. At the November meeting, to 
be held in Ephrata, officers will be 
elected for two years, and a Pomona 
Degree team will be organized to give 
the fifth degree. John Bruckart, War- 
wick; Leslie Bolton, Fulton, and El- 
wood Stuber, Ephrata, were named a 
committee to plan the initiation. 



WALTON, CROCKETT, JONAH 
By Old Man Kelly of Kelly's HoUoi, 
Izaak Walton and Davy Crockett 
Walked over to Jonah 
On a great white cloud 
Far beyond Altoona. 
They found the fisherman 
Taking his ease 
With a book of regxilations 
Upon his knees. 

Davy placed his crown 

On a morning star; 

Izaak bowed low 

And said : "Here we are." 

Jonah lit his pipe 

Filled with "Union Leader" 

And rested his head 

On old McGuffey's reader. 

Izaak said: "I've angled 
On old Kentucky shore, 
Went the legal limit, 
Twenty dozen or more. 
I've fished in Minnesota, 
In Wisconsin and Maine 
And the way fish nibbled 
Is hard to explain." 

Davy said demurely : 
"I have fished for shad. 
Suckers and pickerel 
And cod was my fad. 
I once caught a pike 
'Bout sixty inches long 
And a great big musky 
On a hayfork prong." 

Jonah filled his pipe 
And said : "Look here, boys 
I know good fishing 
And the angler's joys. 
Once I caught a haddock 
That weighed half a ton 
And cornered a salmon 
That was on the run. 

"I once went fishing 
In the deep blue sea 
Where a plunging whale 
Was on a big spree. 
I threw out a bait 
And gave lots of line 
And thought that whale 
Was certainly mine. 

"But, boys oh boys, 
I really was mistaken 
For on that whale 
My hope was shaken. 
I yanked and I pulled 
And tried hard to win 
But I missed my guess 
And the whale took me in." 



If punishment reaches not the 
mind — it hardens the offender.— 
Locke. 



Beware the fury of a patient man. 
For pity melts the mind to love. 



CAUTION FARMERS 

ON HOG SALE UW 

A law enacted at the 1929 session of 
the General Assembly provides cer- 
tain regulations for the sale of swine 
at either public auction or private 
sale, to guard against the spread of 
hog cholera, officials of the bureau of 
animal industry, Pennsylvania De- 
partment of Agriculture, explain. 

The law requires that unvaccinated 
swine that have been in the possession 
of livestock dealers or others for less 
than thirty days and are offered for 
either auction or private sale for pur- 
poses other than immediate slaughter, 
be vaccinated against hog cholera 
within thirty days prior to day of sale- 
When unvaccinated swine are added 
within thirty days to other swine 
owned by or under the control of the 
seller and to be sold at private or auc- 
tion sale, the entire herd must be 
vaccinated against hog cholera. 

It is also unlawful to bring into the 
Commonwealth, except for immediate 
slaughter, any swine until after being 
vaccinated gainst hog cholera. 

This law is enforced by the bureau 
of animal industry, Pennsylvania De* 
partment of Agriculture. 



June, 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 15 



nRANGE EXTENSION MOST 

IMPORTANT ISSUE TO-DAY 

(Concluded from page 1.) 

1 crood work it is doing today, it is 
. nrivilege to be invited to join it. 
Our earnest plea is that all Granges 
hich have not yet done so should ap- 
^int a membership committee and 
^e a thorough canvass of their 
rtspective communities. Our aim 
should be to get as many eligible mem- 
bers as possible. The more members 
of the right sort we have, the more 
influence we will have, and the more 
good we can do. 

If those who are approached to join 
Bay they cannot afford it, remind them 
that the Grange is not to be regarded 
as an expense, but as an investment 
which pays dividends of many kinds. 
The question is not whether a farmer 
can afford to join the Grange, but 
whether he can afford to be without it. 
Let us see what we can accomplish 
by all working together, as only 
Grange people can, when they make 
up their minds to do it ! 



The universal motto of the Grange : 
"To educate and elevate the American 
fanner." 



WHY WAIT ! 

Why do you wait dear brother 
O why do you tarry so long 
The Grange here is waiting to give 
you 
A place with it's whole hearted 
throng. 

Chorus 

Why not, why not, why not 

Join with us now 
Why not, why not, why not 

Join with us now. 

Why do you wait dear brother 
O why do you tarry so long 

Unite with this good farmer's order 
It's made up of laughter and song. 

Why do you wait dear brother 
The harvest is passing along 

We need you to back legislation 
That will help agriculture along. 



PAGEANT AND FOTTNTAINS 

AT LONGWOOD 

The sixth annual Kennett Square 
American Legion Pageant is "His- 
toric Delaware," with data compiled 
by Christian C. Sanderson, and di- 
rected again by John T. Hall. It will 
be presented at the Longwood Open- 



3&es;olutionjs( of 3Res(pett 



Under this heading will be printed resolutions adopted bj 
Granges, for which a rate of 2 cents per word will be 
charged, cash to accompany oopj. 



Air Theatre, on the famed estate of 
P. S. duPont, near Kennett Square, 
Pa., on the evenings of June 20, 21, 
22. Each performance is followed by 
a display of the electric fountains, an 
eighth-mile square in area. 

Thousands, from near and far, have 
enjoyed the previous Kennett Legion 
Pageants, namely : "Arabian Nights," 
"The Story of Kennett," "Building a 
Nation" (Washington Bi-Centennial), 
"Fantasy of Fairyland," and "His- 
toric Chester County." 

Although 2,200 seats are available 
nightly, Grange members are advised 
to secure tickets in advance, as capac- 
ity audiences are the rule. 



poor prospects for favorable returns in 
the very early States. 

The reported acreages of corn, 
spring wheat, rice, peanuts, and to- 
bacco, all show the effects of the con- 
trol programs in operation, although 
each of these crops is expected to be 
harvested from an acreage substan- 
tially above the very low acreage har- 
vested last season. For example, 
reports on the acreage of corn in- 
tended indicate about 95,692,000 acres 
for harvest. Last year only 87,486,000 
acres were harvested for any purpose 
out of the 95,319,000 acres planted, 
but during the preceding 10 years the 
acreage at harvest averaged 101,666,- 
000 acres. 



NEWBOLD 

Whereas, It has pleased the Divine Mas- 
ter In His Infinite wisdom to remove from 
OUT midst our brother, William P. Newbold 
who has always been such an active and 
loyal member of our Order and whose sudden 
departure has caused a vacancy, which will 
ioDg be felt by all who knew him, therefore 
be It 

Resolved, That we, the members of Middle- 
town Grange, No. 684, extend our sincere and 
heartfelt sympathy to the bereaved family. 

Resolved, That we drape our charter for 
thirty days, record these resolutions in our 
minutes, send a copy to the family and pub- 
lish in the Pennsylvania Grange News and 
The Xational Grange Monthly. 

Howard B. Austin, 
Aaron* Tomlinson, 
Mrs. H. B. Austin, 
Emma J. M. Tomlinson. 

Committee. 
STEELE 

Wheheas, It has pleased Almighty God In 
III infinite wisdom to remove from our midst 
onr sister, Mrs. Mary C. Steele, a member 
J^ New Alexandria Community Grange, No. 
1994. Be it therefore 

Rtsolved, While we in sorrow bow to the 
•'"of God, we desire to cherish the memory 
of her whom we have known, emulate her 
fH S' *°** character, and remember her as 
inendly and kind and ever ready to lend a 
wiping hand. 

Retolved also, that we extend our heart- 
J*" Bympathy to the bereaved family and a 
JJPy of these resolutions be Inscribed upon 
j"e minutes, a copy be sent to Grange News 
w publication, and that our Charter be 
oriped for thirty days. 

John Moffat, 
Jay T. Mumau, 
Mrs. R. a. Seanob, 

Committee. 
STREICT 

,up "'''IEA8, It has pleased our heavenly Fa- 
°"/° remove from our midst. Sister Mar- 
nw!. Strelct, who was a member of Mont- 
aorenc Grange, No. 1704. 

«c»o{ued. That the members extend to the 
i^«« ®° husband, parents and family our 
cha« f^^ heartfelt sympathy, drape our 
tlon« y thirty days, record these resolu- 
hnih ? °^^ minutes, send a copy to her 
iBSfi?°,?°'^ publish In the Grange News 
"<1 the Ridgway Record. 

H. R. I^ARSEN, 
C. R. RiCKARD, 

Elmer Anderson. 

Committee. 
8HIPE 

from '"'*^''* ^^^ Heavenly Father has called 
ShinL "^^'y labor our Brother Russell H. 
rT' ,"^'°her of Pawnee Grange No. 1375 ; 
We win ?' '^^^^ ^^"e we mourn his loss 
hirt "' ^'.ways hold In loving memory his 
our qJ°^*1 standard and his willing help In 

PWhT° t '^' "^^^^ ^® extend our sincere sym- 
rejoiutin ^'*® bereaved wife, record these 
tor th ?' ^^ ""'" minutes, drape our charter 
OtiMn ' V, ^^y^' and send a copy to the 
•*wQg News. 

Mrs. J. N. Knkstrick, 
Mrs. Frak^ Hana. 
Mrs. L. R. McCttllouoh. 
Committee. 



TOMLINSON 

Whereas, It has pleased our heavenly Fa- 
ther to remove from our midst our beloved 
sister, Rebecca H. Tomlinson, who was the 
last Charter member of Middletown Grange, 
No. 684. In the last fifty-eight years of 
continual membership she never once lost 
interest, and always honored our meetings 
with her presence and advice when health 
and circumstances would permit. Therfore, 
be it 

Resolved, That we, the members of Middle- 
town Grange, mourn her loss and cheerful 
advice. We feel grateful that we were per- 
mitted to associate with this sister for so 
many years. Therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we bow In humble submis- 
sion to the will of Him Who doeth all things 
well, and extend to the family of the de- 
ceased sister our heartfelt sympathy. Drape 
our charter for thirty days, record these 
resolutions on our minutes and publish in 
the Pennsylvania Grange News. 

HowAJiD B. Austin, 
William P. Newbold, 
Rachie Austin, 
May E. Newbold, 

Committee. 

soss 

Whereas, It has pleased our heavenly 
Father to remove from our midst Brother 
Kurtz Ross ; be It 

Resolved, That we, members of West Cain 
Grange, No. 13fi5, extend our sincere sym- 
pathy to the bereaved family, drape our 
Charter for thirty days, record these reso- 
lutions in our minutes, send a copy to the 
family, and publish them In the Grange 
.N'ews. 

Norma Wood, 
J. Ross Ken^ey, 
Charles Steeley, 
Committee. 

DECKER 

Whereas, Our Heavenly Father has taken 
from our midst our Brother Hesley Decker, 

Whereas, Pleasant Valley Grange No. 
1074 has sustained a loss that cannot be 
filled, but what Is our loss is Heaven's gain, 

Resolved, That we bow In humble submis- 
sion to the will of our Heavenly Father who 
doeth all things, also 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions 
be sent to the bereaved family, placed on 
the Grange minutes, and published In the 
Grange News and The Wayne Independent. 

Ethel Tiel. 
Kbnneth Douglas, 
C. D. Parks, 

Committee. 
CORNELIEUB 

Whereas, It has pleased our heavenly Fa- 
ther to remove from our midst Brother Ed- 
ward Cornelleus : be It 

Resolved, That we, members of Hebron 
Grange, No. 1251, extend our sincere sym- 
pathy to the bereaved family, drape our 
charter for thirty days, record those resolu- 
tions In our minutes, and send a copy to the 
family, and publish them In Grange News. 

Alice Dinoman. 
Grace Pepperman, 
Mabel Scott. 



FARMERS PLAN SOME 

INCREASE IN FEED CROPS 

Record acreages of grain sorghums 
and soybeans, fairly large acreages of 
beans and peanuts, about the usual 
acreages of potatoes, sweet potatoes, 
oats, barley, and rye, and moderate or 
below average acreages of most other 
field crops are indicated for this sea- 
son by the March 1st report which the 
Crop Reporting Board has received 
from 46,000 farmers in all parts of 
the country. 

Empty barns and corncribs and the 
sharp increases in the prices of crops 
as compared with those of one and 
two years ago would ordinarily stimu- 
late plantings, but the reports received 
show rather moderate acreages ex- 
pected for harvest in most parts of 
the country. Unless the weather from 
now on is less favorable than usual, 
however, the acreage of main crops 
harvested should be considerably 
greater than in either of the last two 
seasons when drought caused heavy 
abandonment of planted acreage. 

The acreage finally harvested is still 
quite largely dependent on the rain- 
fall in the Great Plains area where 
there is a serious and widespread 
shortage of subsoil moisture. Assum- 
ing that most of that area will have 
sufficient rain to permit about the 
usual proportion of the planted acre- 
age to be harvested, the national total 
of 18 important crops (including win- 
ter grains but excluding cotton) is 
expected to be somewhere around 285,- 
775,000 acres this season compared 
with the greatly reduced totals of 
244,486,000 acres harvested last sea- 
son and 277,890,000 acres in 1933. In 
1932, when weather conditions were 
more favorable, some 302,137,000 acres 
of these crops were harvested. 

The prospective reduction in acre- 
age below the level of 1932 appears 
to be due to several factors, including 
the crop control program, the unfa- 
vorable conditions for seeding in the 
plains region, local shortages of seed, 
the high cost of seed in comparison 
with present expectation of crop prices 
at harvest time, the reduction in feed 
requirements due to liquidation of 
livestock, and the financial difficulties 
of some farmers in the drought area. 

The indicated shifts between crops 
likewise reflect the influence of va- 
rious factors. The record acreages of 
grain sorghum and soybeans in pros- 
pect and the expansion of the bean 
acreage in the Southern Plains area 
appear to be due to substitution of 
those crops for others limited by con- 
tract, to the proven usefulness of 
those crops under recent drought con- 
ditions and, in the case of soybeans, 
to the fear of chinch bug damage to 
small grains and to the extensive loss 
of new grass seedings. 

The acreage of potatoes is expected 
to be about 1 per cent below that fi- 
nally harvested last year and about 5 
per cent below the acreage planted 
last year, the reduction being due 
chiefly to low prices being received in 
the principal shipping areas, and to 



NATIONAL GRANGE 

OFFICER TO ADDRESS 

GRANGE MEETINGS 

Harry A. Caton, Secretary of the 
National Grange will address the fol- 
lowing Grange meetings in Pennsylva- 
nia during the month of June. 

Western County Picnic, Treesdale 
Farms, June 19th; Martinsburg, 
Blair County, June 20th; Davis 
Grange, Washington County, June 
21st, and Concord Narrows, Hunting- 
don County, June 22d. 

Patrons are requested to note these 
dates and all who can arrange to at- 
tend will find the meetings profitable 
and instructive. 



God helps them that help them- 
selves. 



Classified Colutnn 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 



LECTURER'S ASSISTANT — 40 pages of 
Ideas, special programs, features and mis- 
cellaneous suggestions. FIFTY PROGRAMS 
— complete programs outlined for the lec- 
turer's hour. Each book, 50c., postpaid. 
Guy B. Horton, Montpeller, Vermont. 



WANTED 



WAMTPTI age 18 to 50, Interested Im 
VV ^\l^ 1 ELU qualifying for eligibility 
IWIFNI tests for steady V. 8. Oov- 

"■"A''**-**^— " emment Jobs; start |105 
WOMFN ^o ^^'^^ month, to get our 
^' vyiTlt«11 Free Questionnaire — fln4 
out what you are eligible for — no obliga- 
tions whatever. Write to-day. Instruction 
Bureau, Dept. S67, St. Louis, Mo. 



PROSTATE OLAND SUFFERERS — Fre« 
Information regarding treatment from which 
I received amazing relief. No obligation. 
Nothing to sell. H. H. Eaten. 706 N. 18tk 
Street Harrlsburg, Pa. 



FOR SALE 



GUARANTEED ONION PLANTS — Raise 

large delicious onions. Bermudas, Sweet 
Spanish. Postpaid : 500 for 70c ; 1,000 for 
$1.35. Columbia Pulnt Co., Columbiana, 
Ohio. 



PLANTS— MILLIONS— June. July delivery. 
CABBAGE, Goldenacre. Copenhagen, Red, 
Flatdutch, Ballhead. Postpaid 200. 50 eta. 
500, $l.t)0. 1000, $1.50. Express 2500, 
$2.50. 5000, $4.00. 10,000. $7.50. Cauli- 
flower and Celery Postpaid, 100, SOcts. 250, 
$1.00. 500, $1.50. 1000, $2.75. Critically 
assorted. Moss packed. Guaranteed. Buy 
near home grown. W. J. Myurs, R2, Mas- 
silon, Ohio. 

GUARANTEED PLANTS — Cabbage. Man- 
gel Beets, Collards, Kale, Postpaid. 200-60c : 
500-$1.10'; 1,000-$1.60, Expreesed, 2.000- 
$2.00. Cauliflower, Broccoli, Brussels 
Sprouts, Potatoes, Kohlrabi, Postpaid, 50- 
35c; 200-$1.00. Catalog free. Mbllinobb 
Seed Co., North Lima, Ohio. 

CABBAGE PLANTS — postpaid. 200-550 : 

400-$1.0O. Expressed, 1,000-$1.00 ; 10,000- 
$7.50. Catalog. Buckbyb Farms, Box 541, 
Youngrstown, Ohio. 



LOW P&IOB on big Pedlfcreed Ch 
Whites. Sows. Boars and Pisa. C 
CabsbLs Hershey, Pa. 



H 



POULTRY 



QTIALITT 0HI0X8 — White Leghorns. New 
Hampshire Reds. Big egg strains. WrtU. 
Nblbon'b Hatchbrt. Grove City, Pa. 



Page 16 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 




I 



Don't Pay a Penalty for City Traffic ! 




Sav£l5%*o30% 



Rural dwellers who do most of their driving in the country, run much less risk of accident than 

city traffic drivers. An automobile accident policy with P. T. F. gives you all the advantages of 

special low rates for living in the country and doing most of your driving on safe country roads. 

Full protection with absolute safety. Assets of the P. T. F. are nearly $1,000,000.00. 

Ask About Our $1700 Automobile Policy 

The new Financial Responsibility Law may cause you to lose your license if you have an accident 
and are not protected. Our policy gives you complete protection, paying lawyers' fees and dam- 
ages. You can't aflPord to drive your car without it! 



STANDARD AUTO POLICY 

Wc write a Standard Automobile Policy 
for Public Liability, Property Damage, 
Fire and Theft, and also furnish cover- 
ing in the United States and Canada, at 
a saving of from 25 % to 30 % . 



NET GAIN 

Saye with a Company that has made a 
gain of 46.8% in premium writings for the 
first six months of 1934 as compared with 
the same period last year. 



COMPENSATION 

Our Workmen's Compensation Policy 
provides protection for the employer as 
well as the employee at a small additional 
cost and has paid a substantial dividend 
every year since its organization. 



Pennsylvania Threshermen & Farmers Mutual Cas. Ins. Co. 

325-333 South 18th Street Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 

SEE OUR LOCAL AGENT— THERE IS ONE LOCATED NEAR YOU. 



PENNSYLVANIA THRESHERMEN & FARMERS MUTUAL CASUALTY INSURANCE COMPANY 

325-333 South 18th Street, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 

GENTLEMEN: I am inUrcted in \ ^""'f '""'"'>" ^"""'''"'^^ n 

( Truck or Automobile Insurance 

It is understood that this inquiry is not to obligate me in any way whatsoever. 
Name 



n 



Address. 
Business 
Payroll.. 



Stnet and Number 



City 



County 



Make of Car 



Model. 



LIBRARY 

U S DEPT OF AGRICULTURE 



>.^VA« ', <. /. 



^':>A 



" >, 



RSQiUfi 



B. 









• t 






OFFICIAL ORGAN PEN^ STATE 



'» . 



• . . •" 



LNGE 






kRI3»U«« 



CNAMBftR5BW««'J 



IILAOCt»MI* 



BJntered as second-clasB matter at the Poet Office at Harrlsburg, Pa., under Aot of Ccmgretm of March 8, 1879 



VOL XXXII 



HARRISBURG, PA., JULY, 1935 



No. 4 



Legislative Session Ends 
591 New Laws Passed 

Manufacturers' Capital Stock Tax, In- 
crease in Gasoline Tax, Increase on Per- 
sonal Property Tax and a Convention to 
Revise the Constitution Principal Acts 



THE one hundred and thirty-first 
session of the Pennsylvania Gen- 
eral Assembly convened on Jan- 
uary 1st and was in session one hun- 
dred and seventy-two days. While 
five and a half months were devoted 
to the job it might have been done 
in half the time had it not been for 
the demand of radical legislative 
proposals by the Adminstration that 
brought about irreconcilable differ- 
ences between the radical and con- 
servative elements in the House and 
the Senate. 

The Governor's controversial labor 
bills included regulation of the hours 
and employment of minors, limiting 
the hours for employment of women 
to 40 in industry and 44 in mercantile 
establishments; provision for mini- 
mum wa^e boards for women and chil- 
dren; abolition of industrial police; 
prohibiting private employment of 
deputy sheriffs ; regulating industrial 
home work; regulating nonpayment 
of wages ; requiring all industrial es- 
tablishments to register annually with 
the State; regulating injunctions in 
labor disputes, and the two State 
^RA bills. 

The two subjects that consumed 
most of the time were taxes and the 
revision of the State Constitution. 

The act as finally passed on the 
Constitutional Convention will refer 
the matter to the voters of the State 
at the September primaries, and if a 
4? n^ of a Convention be approved, 
the Convention will be held this com- 
"1^ December. 

ihe following new taxes were 

levied : 

documentary stamp tax, increasing 
f088 receipts tax on public utilities 

tIT ^ *^ ^^ "'^"^' extending the five 
™"ls capital stock tax to manufacA 

'irers and newspapers, reducing time 
jor escheats to ten years, 6 per cent 

et mcome tax on all corporations, 

^^ niill State personal property tax, 

inp^^^ ^^."t tax on cigarets, one cent 

rease in the gasoline tax and a 4 

cent tax on admission fees to 

*")«semerits. 

ifilt^n I^aw, which replaced the 
e^. ^.ontrol Act of 1933 and which 
trTr^ ^«y l9t gives the Milk Con- 
oper f«^^'^ limited powers over co- 
fitive organizations and authorizes 



the Governor to pass on changes of 
milk prices fixed by the Board. 

We are listing herewith some of the 
most important measures that were 
passed by the Assembly. 

Some New Laws 

Postponing county treasurers' sale 
of real estate for delinquent taxes in 
1935 and 1936. 

Providing for payment of compen- 
sation of veterans hospitalized for 
nervous and mental diseases. 

Authorizing local political units to 
sue out writs of scire facias on cer- 
tain municipal claims. 

Authorizing boroughs to acquire 
and operate inclined planes for trans- 
portation of passengers and freight. 

Permitting courts to stay for two 
years writs of execution against tax 
sales of certain real estate and ex- 
(Concluded on page If.) 



liTEW TAX ABATEMENT LAW 

The Howell bill, sponsored by Sena- 
tor John W. Howell, Lackawanna, re- 
enacts and amends the tax-abatement 
act signed by the Governor May 1. It 
would accomplish the following: 

1 — Persons who pay their 1935 taxes 
on or before November 1, 1935, will be 
entitled to the benefits of the act. 
Under the act approved May 1 many 
persons were precluded from the bene- 
fits because of the provision that the 
1935 taxes had to be paid before they 
were delinquent before the act became 
effective. 

2 — Taxpayers who anticipate the 
payment of their delinquent taxes be- 
fore November 1 are permitted to re- 
ceive benefits of the act without pay- 
ment of current taxes. 

3 — Persons whose real property has 
been sold to a political subdivision, at 
a tax sale, or on a tax lien, are per- 
mitted to receive the benefits of the 
act provided the period of redemption 
has not expired. 

Under the terms of the original act 
and Howell act penalties and interest 
on county, city, borough, town, town- 
ship, school district and poor district 
taxes which are due and have not been 
paid may be cleared up over a period 
of five years, 20 per cent of the back 
taxes being paid each year with the 
current taxes. 



NEW PENNSYLVANIA TAXES AND 

HOW THEY WILL BE SPENT 

This is the summary of the Commonwealth's $125,000,000 emer- 
gency budget for the 1935-37 biennium, showing the sources from 
which the money will be obtained and the purposes for which it will 
be spent: 

Sources of Revenue 

Five-mill capital stock tax on manufacturers $36,000,000 

Six mill increase in tax on utility gross receipts 4,500,000 

Six per cent tax on net corporate incomes 26,000,000 

Cigaret tax (one cent on ten cigarets) 10,000,000 

Five-cent tax on each $100 value of documents 3,500,000 

Additional tax of one cent per gallon on gasoline 22,000,000 

Shortening period for escheating unclaimed bank deposits 1,000,000 

Four per cent tax on amusements 6,000,000 

One-mill, State-collected tax on personal property 16,000,000 

Total estimated income $125,000,000 

Emergency Expenses 

Unemployment relief (for year starting May 15, 1935) . . $60,000,000 

Old age assistance (two years) 20,000,000 

Debt service (two years — bonus and relief bond issues) . . 10,000,000 

Pensions for the blind (two years) 3,000,000 

Repayment of loans from special funds (1933-35) 23,400,000 

Deficiencies and unpaid bills of 1933-35 biennium 8,600,000 

Total emergency expenses $125,000,000 

(Note. — This budget is in addition to the normal general fund 
budget of more than $150,000,000 for ordinary operating expenses, to 
be financed by continuing normal taxes.) 



Acreage Curtail- 
ment Discussed 
by Judge Mays 

Opposition to another proi)osed tax 
of two cents per gallon on gasoline 
was expressed by Pomona Grange, 43, 
of Berks County, which advanced as 
an alternative to a graduated or a flat 
income tax. 

A resolution putting the Grange on 
record to this effect was passed at the 
quarterly meeting, held in Marion 
Fire Company hall, Stouchsburg, aft- 
er a discussion brough forth the opin- 
ion that another gasoline tax would 
add still more to the burden of the 
farmer. 

Numerous expressions of opinion 
were submitted by members of various 
Granges, who united in support of a 
resolution which declared the Grange 
will fight against the proposed gas tax, 
and urge and fight for a graduated or 
a flat income tax. 

Farmers Face Problem 

Finding paying jobs for the acres 
which can no longer profitably be de- 
voted to routine farm crops was ad- 
vanced as agriculture's foremost prob- 
lem, by Judge H. Robert Mays^ who 
delivered the main address at the af- 
ternoon session. 

With the farmer becoming irked by 
the curtailment of his acreage, and 
with housewives already up in arms 
over advances in prices of foodstuffs, 
this problem must be met squarely 
and solved, declared Judge Mays. 

"The agricultural adjustment pro- 
gram has been under way for two 
years," he said. "Processing taxes 
have been paid, millions of acres have 
been hired not to produce crops, and 
millions of dollars have been paid to 
farmers for producing less. 

"Prices to farmers have risen. So 
have prices to consumers, and we hear 
of housewives rising in protest. This 
foreshadows the prospect that con- 
surrier majorities will eventually make 
politically impossible the processing 
tax system of rewarding farmers for 
withheld acres. 

"With foreign markets closed and 
consumers clamoring against high 
food prices, agriculture must come to 
a decision. Consumers will not toler- 
ate indefinite continuance of process- 
ing taxes. Nor will farmers be dis- 
posed indefinitely to continue restrict- 
ing acres. 

"Lowering production may be tem- 
porarily useful, but it does not result 
in increasing our actual wealth. The 
individual farmer is up against a 
blank wall if he cannot ever look for- 
ward to increasing his output. 

"The now restricted acres can be 
put to work at profitable production of 
things needed here in our great home 
(Concluded on page J^.) 



Page 2 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



•^"IXi 193s 



FULL STANDARD POLICIES 



Grange Automobile Insurance 

LOfV COST' 



COUNTRY WIDE CLAIM SERVICE 

Patrons Save 35 % to 60 % from Prices charged by Commercial Companies 

Liability, Property Damage, Collision, Fire, Theft and /or Tornado 

Best's Rating Bureau Gives Your Company Their Highest Rating of 

J\-\- EXCELLENT /\4- 



Agents Wanted 

Desirable Territory 
Open 



OVER 20,000 PATRONS INSURED 

Yes! I do believe in sound protection, desire to materially reduce the cost of automobile 

insurance and wish to boost a Grange project. 
f^ithout any tbliiation you may quote the premium to insure my car. 



Name of Vehicle 
Type of Body 



Model Serlei 
Year Built 



Month and Year 
Purchaned at new 



Type of Vehicle 
Please Check 



LJ Private PaMeoger 
I I Commercial Tmck-Tonnare. 



LJ Farm Track 
Ute 



My automobile is principally garaged and used in Township of 

and County of My present policy expires 

I am a member of Grange No.. 

Name Occupation 

Mail Address _ ^ 

Street or RPD 



Town or City 



State 



Grange 



ADAMS COUNTY 

Edgar W. Weaner, Gettysbarff 

ARMSTRONG COUNTY 

Carl M. Marahall, DaytQn 

Jamea E. Farster, Kittannint, R- D. No. 1 

BEAVER COUNTY 

Armour R. Mullan. Rochestor 
Glenn Devitt, Hookstown 
Ralph S. McClain, Beaver Falls 

BEDFORD and BLAIR COUNTIES 

V. Ross Nicodemus, Martinsbarg 

BERKS COUNTY 

Calvin R. Bagenstose, MohrswlUo 

BRADFORD COUNTY 

Joab K. Mahood, Columbia Croaa Rmi4« 
H. J. Gangloff, New Albany 
W. J. Newell, Wellsburg, N. Y. 
Leroy Race, Wyalusing 

BUCKS COUNTY 

Harry N. C. Chubb. Doylestowa 

BUTLER COUNTY 

Geo. C. Schweinsberg, Butler 
Dwight Crulckshank, Valencia 

CAMBRIA COUNTY 

Stanton J. Evans, Ebensburg, R. O. No. S 
H. M. Mohler, Carrolltown 
Catherine M. Skelley. Wilmore 

C. T. Settlemyer, Wilmore 

CARBON COUNTY 

Russell H. Snyder, Palmerton 

CENTER AND CLINTON COUNTIES 

D. W. Miles, State College, P. O. Ek>x 366 

CHESTER and DELAWARE COUNTIES 

Earle G. Reiter, Glenmore 

James E. Brown, Nottingham 

Charles W. Davis, West Chestar, R. D. No. 8 

CLARION COUNTY 

Geo. E. Henry, New Betblebaas 

CLEARFIELD COUNTY 

J. Walter Hamer. West Decatvr 

Wm. A. Hipps, Curwpnsville 

COLUMBIA COUNTY 

Wayde G. Robbins, MilMlla 
Elmer E. Shultz, Benton 
Rea Croop, Briar Creek 
Daisy R. LeVan, Catawlsaa 

CRAWFORD COUNTY 

Howard D. Amy, TownvlUa 
Wilbur S. Dennington, MeadTllla 
Walter R. Tucker. Cambridge Sprfags 
Walter Connick, Conneaut-rille 
Nevln R. Dickson, Corry 
Walter A. Miles, TitnsTlile 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY 

H. Glenn Smith, Shippensburg 

ELK COUNTY 

Wm. B. Stela, RIdgway 

Arthur Hunt, 320 Elk Ave., Johnsoabarg 



SAVE MONEY 



ERIE COUNTY 

Chas. D. Cook, Glrard 

Lester V. Evans. East Springfield 

H. D. Whitney, Corry 

N. W. Couse, North East 

FAYETTE COUNTY 

John T. Smith, Uniontown 

C. Clarence Laub, Markleysburg 

John B. Truxel, Mt. Pleasant 

FRANKLIN COUNTY 

Victor H. Myers, Wajmesbora 

J. Stanley Foust, Chambersbnrg, R. D. No. 1 

John T. Ruhl, St. Thomas 

GREENE COUNTY 

J. E. Graham, Waynesburg 

HUNTINGDON COUNTY 

Chas. L. Goss, Alexandria 

INDIANA COUNTY 

C. Lynn Furmann, Home 
Irvin N. Barr, Commodore 

JEFFERSON COUNTY 

Vern E. Carr, Punxsutawney 
Harry E. McGary, Brookvllle 
Marv J. Baughman, Summerrllle 

E. C. Doverspike, Timblln 
J. I. Allshouse, Brookville 

JUNIATA COUNTY 

Benj. E. Groninger, Port Royal 

LACKAWANNA COUNTY 

T. M. Kresge, Falls 

Geo. E. Ames, Gouldsboro 

LANCASTER COUNTY 

EUwood W. Stuber, Lincoln 

LAWRENCE COUNTY 

J. Francis Boak, New Castle 
Ed. W. Munn, Lowellvilla, Ohio 

LEBANON COUNTY 

George J. Bowman, 118 E. Penn Ave., Cleona 

LEHIGH COUNTY 

John J. Marcks, WescoesviUe 

LUZERNE COUNTY 

Harry M. Line, Shickshlnny 

LYCOMING COUNTY 

F. Cleatus Robbins, Muncy Valley 
W. Arthur Willits, Linden 

McKEAN COUNTY 

Raymond Peterson, Kane 

MERCER COUNTY 

Harry H. Fry, Greenville 
David F. Talt, Mercer 
Edgar H. Conner, GroTe City 

MONROE COUNTY 

Henry C. Hoffman, BrodheadsTliU 

MONTGOMERY COUNTY 

Marcus S. Barrett, Llafleld 



MONTOUR COUNTY 

James H. Hartman, DaaTlUa 

NORTHAMPTON COUNTY 

John H. Borger, Northampton, R. D. No. t 

NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY 

Stewart R. Wertman. Watsontewn 

Oscar L. Drumm, Sunbury, R. F. D. No. 1 

Chas. H. Marsh, Milton 

POTTER COUNTY 

Mark V. Kibbe, Ulysses 

^•"'■P f- Appleby, ShlBcUb««ao 

Lloyd A. Tyler, Coudersport, R. F. D. No. 6 

SCHUYLKILL COUNTY 

Rusael C. Teter, Barnesvllle 

SOMERSET COUNTY 

J. B. W. Stufft, Ralphtoo 
Victor B. Glessner, Berlla 
W. M. G. Day, Rockwood 

SULLIVAN COUNTY 

Carl J. Yonkin. Dushore 

SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY 

Clark N. Bush, Sprinrrilla 
Minnion N. HalL Montrose 
Vern A. Plew, Thompson 

TIOGA COUNTY 

Dana K. Campbell, Wellsbvr* 

E. B. Dorsett, Mansfield 

Ira C. Luce, Westfieid 

Lee N. Gilbert, Jackson SomBlt 

VENANGO COUNTY 

O. N. Moore, Emlenton 

Leo S. Bumpus, Cooperstowa 

Grover P. Brown, Utica 

WARREN COUNTY 

Ralph L. Samuelson, Geaerai laaaraae*. 
Sugar Grove 

WASHINGTON COUNTY 

K. LJ. IVo. 2 
Ransom M. Day, Washlagtoa 

WAYNE COUNTY 

C. L. Highhouse, Honesdala 
Wm. A. Avery, Honesdala 

WESTMORELAND COUNTY 

George A. Kiser, Bradenville 
John B. Truxel, Mt. Pleasant 

WYOMING COUNTY 

Tracy R. Gregory, Daltoa 
Arthur J. Davis, Noxen 

YORK COUNTY 

Arthur N. Bowman, Haaoyer 

Otto L. Spahr, Dillsbarg 

John O. Bowman, Brookside Ave., Hanover 

UNION COUNTY 

Stewart R. Wertman. Watsoatowa 
Chas. H. Marsh, Milton 



NATIONAL GRANGE MUTUAL LIABILITY COMPANY 

DDiunu «rr.nr « . ^^^^ ^^^^ OFFICIAL NATIONAL GRANGE INSURANCE COMPANY) 

BRANCH OFFICE: Southeastern Division. 513-514 Mechanics Trust BIdg.. HARRISBUR6. PA. HOME OFFICE- KEENE NEW HAMPSHIRE 



July, 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 3 



Curfew Grange J No. 1052 

Dedicates New Hall 



Curfew Grange, No. 1052, of Fay- 
tte County, dedicated its new hall, a 
oicture of which appears in this issue 
f Grange News. Curfew is one of 
the very prosperous and successful 
Granges in Fayette County and we 
are giving herewith a short history of 
this Grange. 

Curfew Grange, No. 1052, was or- 
ganized on May 7, 1892, by deputies 
H. D- Gore and L. D. Woodfield. 
There were eighteen charter mem- 
bers, as follows : 

The eighteen charter members were : 
Christopher Blair, H. H. Patterson, 
John D. Watson, Mrs. John D. Wat- 
son, James H. Murphy, Mrs. James 
H. Murphy, John 0. Blaney, E. O. 
Blair, J. 0- Strickler, Mrs. Leona 
Striekler, N. C. Piersol, John John- 
son, Henry F. Morris, W. R. Murphy, 
^rs. W. R. Murphy, Freeman Cooper 
and Rufus Fleming. 

Of the eighteen charter members, 
there are still five living and in good 
standing in the Grange. They are: 
J. 0. Strickler, John Blaney, N. C. 
Peirsol and Mr. and Mrs. \V. R. Mur- 
phy, all of whom were present at the 
dedication of the new hall. 

Although the new organization 
aroused quite a bit of interest it was 
not a fast growing one. The records 
show that in the ensuing thirteen 
years there were only 47 new members 
admitted, bringing the total up to 65 
members in 1905. 

In that year, J. O. Strickler be- 
came master and he decided to put 
on a concentrated drive for new mem- 
bers. A class of 24 was initiated and 
later in the year two more joined, 
making a total of 26 for the year. 

Under David H. Cook as master in 
1907 another prosperous year brought 
24 new members. From that time 
until 1916 the growth was steady, but 
DO members joined in 1917 or 1918. 

In 1919, with J. O. Strickler master 
for the fourth time since the organiza- 
tion of the order, a new drive for 
members was put on with gratifying 
^ucce88, bringing a total of 64 new 
members for the year. 

In March, 1925, a committee was 
apiwinted to consider the question of 
J new hall. The report was favorable 
|or the establishment of a building 
fund to be used when the order saw 
fit to build. A treasurer of the build- 
'n? fund was appointed and $50 was 
taken from the general fund and 
placed in the building fund. The 
Niildmg fund grew gradually until 
yctober, when the proceeds from the 
'fining hall at the Dawson Fair 
amounting to almost $800, was turned 
•^^pr to the building fund. Subse- 
quent additions to the fund brought it 
"P t" approximately $3,700 in 1934 
^hf'n the new building was started. 

a}\^Y ^^"^^^ spring of 1934 it was 
ecidod to have architects plans made 
j?f.the new hall. J. C. Fulton, of 
niontown, was given a rough sketch 
} the plans which included a host of 
^eas contributed by different mem- 
JJr- The final sizo of the hall rep- 
hnli"*^ ? ^^"^Pr<^>mise between a larger 
Q and a smaller hall each of which 
ann ^^^ ,^"PPorters. The plans were 
ZT^ Kv the Department of Labor 
nod fi" • 7 at Harrisburg, but still 

^finite time for construction came. 
lonJ^ • ladies, who had labored so 
nieal *" ^^^ving the thousands of 
j" s in the Dawson dining hall, must 
t ^7"^ t^e credit for the final incen- 

^ to proceed with the building, 
(^alla .^^ 11th it was decided to 
advisaKT^^*^ meeting to consider the 
^"ility of starting construction. 



This meeting was called for October 
20th. In the meantime a careful esti- 
mate of the cost of materials and 
labor, other than donated labor, was 
prepared by C. C. Harper and the 
Hankins Paulson Co. 

At the meeting on October 20th the 
blueprints were explained in detail 
and the estimate of $7,260 was pre- 
sented. A letter was read contrib- 
uting $200 which added considerably 
to the enthusiasm of the meeting. 
Further discussion led to a com- 
mittee being appointed to solicit sub- 
scriptions from a detailed list of 
members. This committee was to re- 
port at another special meeting on 
October 27th. 

At the meeting on October 27th 
the committee reported $1,100 pledged. 
A motion followed that when the 
committee had pledged $1,500 the 
building committee proceed with 
construction. The building commit- 
tee which had been previously ap- 
pointed consisted of G. M. Griffin, 
president; E. E. Arnold, secretary; 
Watson Luce, treasurer; O. W. Rit- 
tenhouse, J. Howard Dunn and J. 
Harold Arnold. 

On October 30th the committee 
having a favorable report on the 
$1,500, met and staked off the site for 
the new building. Definite work of 
excavating began on October 31st with 
Fred Brown plowing a mighty furrow 
soon to be followed by G. M. Griffin, 
Watson Luce and others. 

C. C. Harper was selected by the 
committee to be in complete charge 
of the construction details. Under 
his supervision the excavating moved 
to a speedy completion. Tractors, 
plows, scoops, teams, men and wheel- 
barrows all played their part. In fact 
they played their part so well that in 
one week the excavation was com- 
pleted. 

In the meantime the building com- 
mittee had been taking bids on all 
kinds of construction materials. Ce- 
ment was bought by the car load. 
Eighty tons of gravel came from the 
Springfield mountain above Connells- 
ville, hauled by donated trucks. The 
concrete blocks came from Scottdale. 
The huge oak rafters in 30 foot 
lengths came from the sawmills of 
West Virginia, and the sheeting and 



studding from our own River Hills. 
And not to be forgotten are the two 
liuge I-beams weighing over a ton 
each which support the fioor of the 
hall leaving an unobstructed dining 
room below. 

At first the old hall was used as a 
storehouse for materials but as the 
new walls began to rise, the old hall 
was razed to the ground, and prac- 
tically all of it used in the new build- 
ing. The old floors became sub-floors, 
the weather boarding became sub- 
floors and sheeting, a place was found 
for the joists, etc. In fact very little 
was left over that could not be used. 

By December the walls were com- 
pleted and the large roof trusses — 45 
of them, weighing several hundred 
pounds each — were put in place under 
the guidance of expert carpenters. 

The curtains for the stage were or- 
dered and were installed on May 20th 
just in time for the formal dedica- 
tion, giving the final touch to the in- 
terior of the hall. 

The splendid cooperation of the 
members and the people of the com- 
munity and the enthusiasm of all 
concerned have been instrumental in 
bringing the building to its success- 
ful completion. More than 100 men 
donated 510 days of common labor, 
35 days with teams, 48 days with 
trucks, 144 days' carpenter work, 23 
days of plumbing and electrical work, 
and 52 days of painting. 

The two-story structure has an 
auditorium or lodge room opening on 
the ground level on the upper side 
with a basement opening on the 
ground level on the lower side. The 
lodge room or auditorium has a fully 
equipped modern stage at one end and 
the place will seat about 250 persons 
comfortably. The windows are steel 
sashed, fitted with a special stained 
glass from Tennessee. Ilardwood floor 
in the auditorium and concrete floor 
in the basement are a part of the 
thoroughness of the construction 
work. 

The main floor is supported by 

large beams, eliminating all posts or 

pillars in the basement. A large hot- 

j air furnace with a forced circulating 

! system that is guaranteed to heat the 

building to 70 degrees in zero weather 

I has been installed to add to the com- 

! forts. A large cistern supplies water 

I to the kitchen and modern wash 

: rooms in the basement. 

The lighting system is complete 
with convenient outlets and two-wav 



switches, large flood lights outside, 
built-in footlights on the stage and a 
modern emergency lighting system 
which illuminates the entire building 
automatically in event of an emer- 
gency. 

The kitchen is modern in every re- 
spect and it is equipped with both 
electric and coal ranges, built-in sink 
and convenient work tables. The din- 
ingroom will comfortably seat about 
160 persons. 

Curfew Grange Hall is located on 
the site of the old building, except 
that the organization purchased ad- 
ditional adjoining land and put the 
new structure back from the roadway. 
The location on the enlarged tract 
makes it possible to landscape to an 
advantage which will be done during 
the year with the aid of the Fayette 
County Agricultural Extension As- 
sociation office at Uniontown as soon 
as the ground is properly settled. 

Practically everyone in the com- 
munity of Flatwoods and surrounding 
region as well as Smock vicinity 
helped in some manner. All of the 
trucking of supplies was donated as 
was the use of teams and labor, ex- 
cepting, of course, certain specific 
skilled laborers, such as masons, 
skilled carpenters, electrician, plas- 
terer and general foreman or super- 
intendent of the entire project. At 
times there were 30 or more farmers 
in the community working on the job. 
There were no accidents. The esti- 
mated time required and the estimated 
cost were proven to be very accurate 
and when the work was finished, it 
was found that everything had worked 
out as had been planned. 

In the past, Flatwoods community 
and Curfew Grange have been among 
the largest contributors in Fayette 
County to progressive agricultural ac- 
tivities and constructive grange work. 
It has always been represented on the 
executive committee of the agricul- 
tural association, has a large interest 
in the Farmers Cooperative Dairy As- 
sociation in Connellsville and has par- 
ticipated in grange work all over the 
county, even to putting on a pageant 
before the national grange in Pitt<»- 
burgh a few years ago. A spokesman 
said that in view of the fact that all 
of this has been accomplished while 
working in cramped and inconvenient 
quarters and should Curfew Grange^ 
activity enlarge as its facilities have, 
the organization should be heard from 
a lot in the future. 




New Curfew Grange Hall 



Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



•^wly, 1938 



LEGISLATIVE SESSION ENDS 

691 NEW LAWS PASSED 

(Concluded from page 1.) 

empting mortgages issued under Na- 
tional Housing Act. 

Authorizing local political units to 
provide accommodations for emer- 
gency relief boards. 

Requiring that individual written 
notice of assessed valuation for tri- 
ennial years shall be given property 
owners. 

Empowering counties to acquire 
lands for recreational purposes. 

Requiring banks to disclose de- 
posits of persons on relief rolls to re- 
lief administration. 

Permitting assignment of rights by 
members under State Employees' Re- 
tirement Act. 

Permitting assignment of rights by 
members under State Employees' Re- 
tirement Law. 

Establishing jurisdiction in cases 
of kidnaping and murder perpetrated 
in kidnaping. 

Abolishing imprisonment as a pen- 
alty for failure to pay taxes. 

Requiring cities to allow firemen 
twenty-four consecutive hours' rest 
each week and fourteen days' vaca- 
tion each year. 

Providing that only registered and 
enrolled members of political parties 
may sign nominating petitions for 
candidates and limiting the number 
of specimen ballots issued to candi- 
dates at primary elections. 

Providing standards for fresh eggs 
and prohibiting misbranding. 

Providing for payments to relief 
fund associations of fire departments 
and fire companies of cities, boroughs 
and townships which afford fire pro- 
tection to near-by boroughs and town- 
ships. 

Prohibiting the distribution by 
vending machines of medicines, drugs 
and articles intended to treat or pre- 
vent disease. 

Requiring disabled soldiers to fur- 
nish photographs when applying for 
peddlers' licenses. 

Authorizing selection of two addi- 
tional jurors to serve only in event of 
illness of regular jurors. 

Abating penalties and interest on 
delinquent real estate taxes except in 
Philadelphia for 1934 and prior years 
by payment of 50 per cent of 1934 
taxes by June 1st, remaining on Jan- 
uary Ist and 20 per cent of back taxes 
yearly for five years. 

Making proof-sheets of voting ma- 
chines part of election returns where 
machines are equipped to print them. 

Requiring owners of bituminous 
coal mines to seal the entries and air 
shafts after abandoning them to pro- 
tect streams of the State. 

Prohibiting use of dogs in hunting 
bear. 

Prohibiting sale of "Blue Sanger" 
pike less than eleven inches long or 
fillets of the same fish less than seven 
inches long. 

Setting up a new license year for 
motor boats. 

Reducing from twenty to fifteen the 
number of trout which may be caught 
in one day. 

Permitting the tapping of water 
lines of State institutions to supply 
near-by communities. 

Exempting from examinations real 
estate brokers who have been in busi- 
ness for six months at time of pas- 
sage of act.' 

Permitting dogs to work on liber- 
ated or native wild game in field meets 
and changing fees for field-meet per- 
mits. 

Requiring three days to elapse be- 
tween applications for and issuance of 
marriage licenses, effective October 
let 



Exempting bakers, meat and milk 
manufacturers and producers from 
tax on transient merchants in third- 
class cities, boroughs and first-class 
townships. 

Exempting units of the Pennsyl- 
vania National Guard from payment 
of automobile license fees. 

Allowing municipalities to regulate 
barber shops and increasing require- 
ments. 

Requiring a majority vote in each 
city and in the intervening land vot- 
ing on the question of consolidation. 

Providing that dishes and glasses 
used in restaurants and other public 
places may be cleansed with any suit- 
able cleansing material. 

Providing for payment of State aid 
to agricultural associations for years 
1933 and 1934 in cases where applica- 
tions were not filed within the time 
limit. 

Requiring cities to allow policemen 
twenty-four consecutive hours of rest 
each week and fourteen days of vaca- 
tion each year. 

Reducing to ten years time for the 
State to take over unclaimed bank 
deposits, to raise $500,000. 

Requiring an investigation and re- 
count and authorizing a report to the 
district attorney in cases where the 
vote cast in a district is greater than 
the number of registered voters. 

Appropriating $100,000 for organ- 
ization of two Negro battalions of in- 
fantry, in Philadelphia and Pitts- 
burgh, providing Federal Government 
authorizes them. 

Providing that the father of an il- 
legitimate child shall pay the funeral 
expenses if the child dies in infancy. 

Giving the Department of Forests 
and Waters power to improve roads 
on private lands near State forest 
property. 

Prohibiting collection agencies from 
taking an assignment to represent 
creditors in any proceeding for settle- 
ment with debtor, from soliciting 
business from attorneys or from 
threatening debtor with suit. 

Providing a penalty of $10 for each 
"offense" for killing bullfrogs, tad- 
poles or terrapin out of season instead 
of $10 for each killed. 

Requiring relief applicants to fur- 
nish affidavit of their financial con- 
dition and fixing penalty at maximum 
of $500 fine or six months in prison, 
or both. 

Allowing compensation to owners of 
domestic animals slaughtered to pre- 
vent spread of disease. 

Permitting manufacturers of trade- 
marked commodities to fix the retail 
price in contracts with distributors. 

Requiring election officials to return 
ballot boxes to the proper authorities 
immediately after counting the vote. 

Extending from 1932 to 1937 the 
time in which school employees may 
become members of the retirement 
system. 

^ Prohibiting discrimination at pub- 
lic places because of "race, creed or 
color." 

Permitting a defendant to waive 
trial by jury except in cases involving 
the death sentence or imprisonment 
of ten years or more. 

Permitting banking institutions to 
accept mortgage loans, contemplated 
but not executed under the Federal 
Housing Program. 

Authorizing sale of a tract of land 
acquired by the State at Boalsburg, 
Centre County, for a State military 
cemetery. 

Authorizing school districts to join 
with private organizations in estab- 
lishing and maintaining a public 
library. 

Permitting those holding a New 
York fishing license to fish in the 
Delaware River and those holding an 



Ohio fishing license to fish in Py- 
matuning Lake. 

Preventing "party raiding" by can- 
didates at primary elections. 

Levy a tax of one cent on each ten 
cigarets. 

Abolishing the coal and iron jKjlice. 

Some Bills That Failed of Passage 

The administration workmen's com- 
pensation bill. 

Women's hours and wage board 
bills. 

Centralize tax assessments and col- 
lections by county units. 

Curb pollution of streams by indus- 
trial establishments. 

Abolish or merge poor boards into 
city and county departments of wel- 
fare. 

Establish permanent personal regis- 
tration of voters in boroughs and 
townships. 

Consolidate all the tax collection 
agencies in the counties of the State 
— the Moomow-Moran bill which, pro- 
ponents claimed, would have saved 
taxpayers $3,000,000 a year by elim- 
inating more than 2,000 collectors. 

Register lobbyists. 

Reapportion the State Senatorial 
districts to conform to the 1930 
census. 

Authorize the city manager form 
of government for third-class cities by 
local option. 

Force "mushroom" political parties 
and candidates to deposit forfeitable 
fees. 

Place public utility holding com- 
panies under the control of the Pub- 
lic Service Commission, give the com- 
mission control of private motor truck 
operations and make the petroleum in- 
dustry a public utility within the 
jurisdiction of the body. 

Legalize Sunday fishing. 

Establish a State lottery to provide 
an estimated $100,000,000 a year for 
old-age assistance and unemployment 
relief. 

Provide for legalized horseracing 
and pari-mutuel betting. 



ACREAGE CURTAILMENT 

DISCUSSED BY JUDGE MATS 
(Concluded from page 1.) 

market. This is the course industry 
must determine upon if agriculture 
is to buy the products of our factories 
This is the course that must be fol 
lowed if we are to balance our ng. 
tional economy on a sound and en- 
during basis." 

Hit Weed Nuisance 

Eradication of obnoxious weeds 
came in for discussion by the Grang. 
ers and a resolution was passed callino 
upon authorities to take up this proj. 
ect. The resolution emphasized that 
unemployed persons are demandbg 
work instead of getting relief for 
nothing, and instructed the Grange 
members to get their supervisors to 
act in the matter. 

The commissioners explained th^ 
could only sponsor the project, but 
that supervisory powers would have 
to be left in the hands of township 
chairmen. The weed menace has been 
costly to Berks County farmers, 
agreed the commissioners, and th^ 
offered what help the county was per- 
mitted to give in the problem of erad- 
icating the nuisance. 

Would Regulate Hunters 

In a resolution the Grange con- 
tended that the regulation requiring 
hunters to keep a distance of 150 
yards from buildings should be 
changed to be at least 200 yards. 

Lives and property are in danger 
with hunters discharging guns closer 
than 200 yards to buildings, was the 
opinion expressed by farmers from 
different sections of the county, and 
the resolution was passed at this ses- 
sion to give Granges a chance to work 
for a change in the regulation. 

A fourth resolution put the Grange 
on record as opposed to a reduction 
in price of milk to the producer, d^ 
daring that in the event of a reduc- 
tion, that reduction should be borne 
by the distributor instead of the pro- 
ducer. 



Pennsylvania State Grange 

OFFICE OF THE SECBETAAY 
PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 

Orange Seals . . |5.0II 

D igest *.*.*.*.*.*.'....'.. .•• 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, per set of 9 S.H 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, single copy .!...*!!! ^ 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 4.11 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy • 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 !.• 

Constitution and By-Laws .'.*.'..*.*.*.*.*.*.*.*.' ^ 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony ........'.....'.'.'.'.... •** 

Song Books, "The Patron," board covers, cloth, single copy or less than 

half dozen M 

per dozen .'..*.*!.*!!!! ••^ 

per half dozen !!!.!!!!!! '•'* 

Dues Account Book !!!..'.*!.*.*!!!!!!!!.... -^^ 

Secretary 's Record Book ..*..!...!..!..*.!*.!!.... -^ 

Labor Savings Minute Book ......!.......*!..*!..*!.... 2'^' 

Trea«urer 's Account Book *.*.*.!!.*.*.'.!!!*.!'.*.!.... •' 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange to Pomona, per hundred '.'. '^ 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 25 Jj 

The Grange Initiate, in lota of 100 2.TJ 

Application Blanks, per hundred . . •• 

Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred '2 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty ,.',........'.[','...>• '^ 

Notice of Arrearage, per hundred !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!.'!!..•• '^ 

Notice of SuHjwnsion, per hundred !!!!!!!!!.*!!!..•• '*! 

Secretary 's Receipts, per hundred !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!..• 'J 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!...• '2 

Treasurer 's Receipts !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!..•• ' 

Trade Cards, per hundred ... 'f 

Demit Cards, each '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.['.'.... •% 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer Whitehead) .!.!.!!!!!.!.*!!.!!.!!... 'JJ 

Grange Cook Books, each !!'.!!!."..! '1 

Grange Radiator Emblems .................'..........'• ' 

In ordering any of the above supplies, the cash must always accompany <*• 
order. The Secretary is not authorized to open accounts. ^^ 

Remittances should be made by Postal Money Orders, Checks, or B«Jf*5!f? 
f>etter. Orders for supplies must bear the Seal of the Grange for which or**** 

By order of Executive Committee, 

John H. Li«ht, SeeMiarf. 



July, 1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 



Susquehanna Pomona Receives 

Class of 78 Candidates 



Susquehanna County Pomona 
rrange has had some large classes for 
instruction in the fifth degree at the 
retrular quarterly meetings, but all 
records were passed at the special 
meeting of Pomona held in the high 
school auditorium in New Milford on 
the evening of May 13th. 

Seventy - eight candidates, drawn 
from sixteen Granges, were instructed 
in this degr^ee by the Gibson Grange 
Fifth Degree Team and the total at- 
tendance was about 350. 

The limitation of room in our 
Grange halls to put on the work of 
the drill and ritual and limitation of 
time for discussion of the many prob- 
lems of Grange and general interest, 
has been a cause of concern to the 
Pomona officers. A special meeting, 
intended to relieve this situation, was 
decided as a trial, and the results seem 
to prove its success. 

For some time this Pomona was de- 
pendent on neighbor county degree 
teams for this degree. Under the di- 
rection of Brother W. H. Burdick, 
Gibson Grange has developed a team 
of which we are proud. The facilities 
of the auditorium gave them the op- 
portunity to put on their drill and 
floor work with beauty and precision. 

In the open meeting preceding the 
conferring of the degree, the "Pag- 
eant of the Holy Grail," was put on 
by a group of young people from 
Lawsville and vicinity, directed by 
Mrs. Wheaton. 

The Romance of King Arthur and 
his Knights of the Round Table, 
whether having a basis of fact, or 
purely legendary, has been a source 
of pleasure and inspiration to youth 
for many centuries. Sir Lancelot, the 
valiant, Sir Galahad, the Knight 
"pure and without reproach," the 
heroes of many. 

King Arthur dreamed, and in his 
vision saw the Christ-child and the 
sacred cup, or Holy Grail. Waking 
he called his knights and sent them 
on a quest for the perfect gift to lay 
at the altar as an offering to Christ 
on another Christmas eve, for only 
by this gift and its acceptance by 



Heaven could the Holy Grail be seen 
by mortal eyes. As the knights re- 
turn, each with a different gift, it is 
seen that the "Perfect Gift," accept- 
able to Christ, is not material things, 
but the offering of a pure and spotless 
life, exemplified in Sir Galahad. 



HOW THIS SPECIAL 
GRANGERS POLICY 

FITS YOUR NEEDS 



/-/ERE is a life insurance policy 
planned especially for Grange 
•members. Guarantees financial pro- 
tection for your family in the yeara 
''hen they need it most. Then, you 
can take a lump sum in oash — and 
|till keep in force as much paid*up 
•niurance as you need. 

^et the facts on this policy — now. No 
ol^ligation of course. 

W'ref* at today to find out how to makm 
j^" Crania a prixm winner in thm Crangm 
''• '"'uranc. proaram for 193S. 

AGRNTS: We teek connection with pro- 
I'eiiive agent! in a few good territories 
•till open. Our representative will 
be glad to discuss details. 

ORANGE LIFE 
INSURANCE 

f ARMERS & TRADERS 
>*IFE INSURANCE CO. 



St 



Room 420-N 



li!!!Jower BIdg. Syracuse, N. Y. 



A GREAT AMEKICAN HOST 

ON FEDERAL PAYROLL 

The most recent monthly statement 
of the Unite4 States Civil Service 
Commission shows that 100,949 peo- 
ple are now on the Federal payroll at 
Washington. This is within 15,000 
of the war-time peak, and represents 
an increase of 2,100 for the month of 
April, but the figures indicate a jump 
of more than 3,500 over the month 
ending March 31th. 

Outside the District of Columbia, 
the regular employment total at the 
end of April was 609,028, an increase 
of 6,600 for the month, but a jump of 
21,500 over the March totals, due in 
part to the inclusion of previously un- 
reported groups. This makes a total 
of 709,977. 

To these totals must be added about 
25,500 special temporary field em- 
ployees in the Department of Agricul- 
ture, with a payroll of $874,000 per 
month. The grand total of all execu- 
tive employees, both at Washington 
and throughout the country, is now 
about 735,000, with a monthly payroll 
of more than $107,600,000, or about 
$1,291,000,000 a year. 

The month of April saw an increase 
of about 181,000 in the Civilian Con- 
servation Corps, bringing the enroll- 
ment in excess of 325,000, of whom 
3,400 are Indians. 

The great increase of government 
workers has created serious traffic and 
housing problems at Washington. To 
minimize the traffic problem, govern- 
ment employees are working under 
"staggered" hours, reporting for work 
at from 8 : 45 to 9 : 15 in the morning 
and closing shop at from 4 : 15 to 4 : 45 
in the afternoon. 

There is growing agitation in con- 
gressional circles for the erection of 
several large apartment houses by the 
government for the accommodation 
of members of Congress and their 
families. Many of our law makers 
are very resentful about the extortion- 
ate rents that profiteering landlords 
are charging under prevailing condi- 
tions. 




"I PUT MY DAIRY ON A PAYING 



SUNDAY SPORTS, HEART BALM 
BAN BILLS APPROVED 

Legislative bills permitting tennis 
and polo games on Sundays and ex- 
tending the time from four to six 
hours for any Sunday sports, includ- 
ing baseball, have been signed by Gov- 
ernor Earle. 

He also attached his signature to 
the Brancato bill outlawing "heart- 
balm" suits and the Howell bill clari- 
fying the tax-abatement measure en- 
acted by the present Legislature. 

Senator John J. McCreesh, Phila- 
delphia, sponsored the Sunday polo 
bill and Senator James J. Coyne, Al- 
legheny, the Sunday tennis bill. The 
McCreesh bill provides that any mu- 
nicipality may, by referendum, pro- 
hibit the playing of polo on Sunday 
within its territorial limits. The 
Coyne bill provides that a municipal- 
ity may make a charge of $25 for the 
staging of Sunday tennis matches 
where admissions are charged. 



BASIS WITH 



CONCRETE 



« 



I AST year I raised my old dairy 
^ bara and put in a concrete 
foundation, floor, first story, walls 
and manger. Fixed up the milk 
house, too, with clean concrete 
walls and floor and a concrete 
cooling tank. Now I have a grade 
A dairy that's absolutely sanitary. 
It's easy to work in, the cows give 
more milk— and I make a lot more 
money." 

That's just one example of how 
concrete improvements pay. We 
could quote dozens. For instance. 



State experiment stations have 
proved that a concrete silo is worth 
$340 a year on the averaee farm. 
Concrete feeding floors and poul- 
try houses; walks, troughs and 
foundations are other profit mak- 
ing improvements. 

You can do the work with con- 
crete, at low cost . . . and with cer- 
tainty that what vou build will last 
a lifetime. Check this list and mail 
to us with coupon. We will send 
vou FREE a 72-page book that will 
be of much use to you for years. 



PORTLAND CEMENT ASSOCIATION 



Dairy Barn . . . Floors . . . 
General Purpose Barn . . . 
Foundations . . . Storage 
Cellars . . . Hog House . . . 
Grain Bins . . . Milk House 
Walls . . . Poultry House 



Dept. 987, 1528 Walnut St.. PhUadelphi*. P». 

Please send: ** Plans for Concrete Farm 
Buildings." 

Name 

P. O 



Both bills provide that, where it is 
legal, under existing law, to stage 
Sunday sports between the hours of 
2 p. m. and 6 p. m. it shall hereafter 
be lawful to play between the hours 
of 1 p. m. and 7 p. m. They extend 
the modification of Pennsylvania's 
stringent "Blue Law" provisions with 
regard to baseball and football, which 
was accomplished in the 1933 session 
of the Legislature. 

Double-header baseball games in 
minor and major leagues, almost im- 
possible because of time limits in the 
old law, will be possible under the 
riders attached to the tennis and polo 
bills. 

The law applies to Daylight Saving 
Time in cities observing such time 
during the summer months. 

Anna Brancato, Philadelphia, the 
only woman ever elected as a State 
Representative on the Democratic 
ticket, sponsored the bill outlawing 
"heart-balm" suits. It abolishes all 
civil causes of action for alienation of 
affections of husband or wife, except 
in such case where the defendant is a 
parent, brother or sister or a person 
formerly in "loco parentis" to the 
plaintiff's spouse. 

The bill also abolishes causes of ac- 
tion for breach of contract to marry 
and provide that no contract to marry 
shall operate to give rise either within 
or without the Commonwealth to any 
cause of action for breach thereof. It 
would be unlawful for any person to 
I bring suit or threaten to bring suit in 



an attempt to recover uix)n any cause 
of action barred by the act. 

Fines of from $100 to $1,000 and 
imprisonment of from one to five 
years are provided for violations of 
provisions of the act. 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 

OF EVERY DESCRIPTION 
Th« Rmeognixmd Standard Eomrywhmrm 

REGAUA - BADGES - EMBLEMS 

Took, Flac*. Labor Sariaa Books 

Smndfor Catofayu* 

C. J. BAINBRIDQE. STRACUU. N. T. 



'HAYFEVER^ 

ASTHMA ud SUMMER COLDS «re anaecMMrT. €•■- 
pictt rcUef only $1.00 Postpaid. Notkinf •!•• t* bay. 
OTcr 40.000 HOLFORD'S WONDER INHALERS mU 
Ust year alona. Mail $1.00 today for fall Matoa's r*li«f 
to THE DANDEE CO.. 252 HENNEPIN AVE.. MIN- 
NEAPOLIS. MINNESOTA, or write for Frto lUoUot. 



APPLE CRATES 

ANY SIZE-ANY STYLE 
ASSEMBLED or KNOCK-DOWN 

Anchor Box & Lumber Co. 

N. S. PITTSBURGH, PA. 

QUOTATIONS AND SAMPLES 
CHEERFULLY FURNISHED 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 6 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



•'"lyi 1935 



Among the Granges 



Activities of the Order in Various Localities 



GRANGE PURCHASES 

LOYSBURG SCHOOL 

Members of the Loysburg Grange 
in Loysburg, Bedford County, have 
just closed a deal for the purchase of 
the public school property there which 
will be used as a meeting place and 
later an addition will be constructed 
to the present building for use as a 
community center. 

The school building, a one-room 
brick structure, located in Loysburg 
on the road leading from the town to 
Snake Spring Valley, has not been 
used for school purposes for some time 
as pupils were sent to the J. Leonard 
Replogle school at New Enterprise. 

With the purchase of the brick 
school building was included also half 
an acre of ground which also is to be 
improved and generally landscaped. 
The Grange contemplates a building 
program which will involve an addi- 
tion of considerable size to the present 
schuul structure. 

The Loysburg area is an independ- 
ent school district pupils from there 
have been transported to the New En- 
terprise school for some time and the 
Loysburg building has been standing 
unused so that the board decided to 
sell the property to the Grangers be- 
cause no longer needed for school pur- 
poses. 

Some time ago the school board had 
erected a stone foundation adjacent to 
the brick school with the idea of build- 
ing an annex to the school but these 
plans were never carried through. 
Now that the Grange has come into 
possession of the property the mem- 
bers plan the erection of a community 
hall upon this foundation to provide a 
community center which will seat 
some 300 people. 

Loysburg has been without such ac- 
commodation thus far and the plan of 
the Grangers will provide this meet- 
ing place. The deal for the purpose 
of the property was concluded Friday 
with the president of the school board, 
Rev. C. W. Karns who resides in Loys- 
burg Gap. 

The half acre plot containing the 
school which will be used immediately 
for Grange meetings has on it a stand 
of some of the finest maple trees to 
be found in that locality. With the 
completion of the proposed building 
operations and general improvements, 
the Grange will further landscape the 
grounds so that eventually they will 
have a most ideal place for their meet- 
ings and a fine community center 
area. 



Corners Grange, Negro selections, 
Mrs. Geraldine Searfoss of Central 
Grange. Introductory remarks, Mrs. 
Georgia Piollet. Reading, "Sue's 
Beau," Margaret Caswell. Talk, Mrs. 
Lucy Shumway. Reading, "A Cou- 
rier," Thurston Shumway. Vocal solo, 
"A Heap of Living," Mrs. Harriet 
Howard. Address, "The Pursuit of 
Happiness," Joab Mahood, State 
Deputy. Bradford County Pomona 
officers were then introduced and each 
gave a few inspiring remarks. 

Bradford County Pomona Master 
Madigan then presented the gavel, re- 
lating its history. This gavel was 
made from one of the girders that sup- 
ported the original floor in Independ- 
ence Hall in 1776. It was presented 
by Mayor Thomas B. Smith to State 
Master McSparran in 1916 when State 
Grange met in Philadelphia. 

Counties other than Bradford and 
Lycoming having representatives 
were: Montour, Northumberland, 
Clinton, Columbia, and Sullivan. The 
day was ideal, the dinner served by 
Lycoming County Grangers excellent 
and fraternal spirit unexcelled. 



BRADFORD COUNTY POMONA 
TAKES TRAVELING GAVEL 

TO LYCOMING COUNTY 

Bradford County Pomona Master 
A. E. Madigan and wife led a delega- 
tion of Bradford County Grangers to 
Montgomery Park, Montgomery, Pa., 
on Thursday, June 6th, taking the 
J. A. McSparran Traveling Gavel to 
the Lycoming County Pomona in ses- 
sion there. Bradford County Granges 
represented at this meeting were May- 
flower, Troy, Windfall, Liberty Cor- 
ners, Central, Wysauking, Spring 
Hill, Standing Stone and Wyalusing 
and members from these Granges put 
on the following program during the 
afternoon session: 

Opening "Pep Song"; a group of 
readings, Banning Hinman of Liberty 



CRAWFORD COUNTY POMONA 
CONSIDERS CIVIC AFFAIRS 

An unusual interest was shown in 
the first day of the Crawford County 
Pomona Grange, held June 5th with 
Troy Center Grange. Three sessions 
were held and the attendance approxi- 
mated 225 in the afternoon with a 
much larger crowd in the evening. 

The feature of the afternoon ses- 
sion was a speech by District Attor- 
ney Stuart A. Culbertson on the topic 
of "Civic Opportunities." He ex- 
plained that because of the extra 
heavy work connected with his office 
in the recent long session of court, 
his talk was mostly extemporaneous. 
"At no time in the last 50 years 
have there been as many civic oppor- 
tunities as now, in this very day," 
said Mr. Culbertson. "These times 
have their parallel only with the cru- 
cial period which preceded the days 
of the Civil War. It is to be sin- 
cerely hoped that the momentous 
questions confronting our nation to- 
day may be settled without resorting 
to bloodshed as our forefathers were 
compelled to do." 

At the evening session it was noted 
that several of the Granges reported 
substantial gains in membership, 
many having several applications on 
hand. 

A class of 17 candidates were in- 
structed in the work of the fifth de- 
gree, following which refreshments 
were served. 

The entertainment was then thrown 
open to the public. The speaker of 
the evening, Mrs. Ira Gross, lecturer 
of the State Grange, whose topic was 
"Men Wanted; Grange Opportuni- 
ties." 

"It is true," said Mrs. Gross, "that 
even now, men are wanted. With the 
people of the nation bewildered in the 
maze of national problems, they are 
eager to turn to almost any leader- 
ship. Witness, even now they turn to 
a man like Huey Long, whose plan is 
no less than fantastic to thinking peo- 
ple, yet he has risen to the heights 
simply because he has a plan. The 
Grange is capable of leading the na- 
tion but first it must establish its ob- 
jective in the minds of the people." 



Mrs. Gross deplored the fact that 
communities are neglecting the wel- 
fare of its young people. She cited 
from a state-wide tour which she took 
recently, beer gardens and resorts in 
a flourishing condition, apparently 
with many more under construction 
but in the whole trip, she failed to 
see a new church or community house 
being built. 

"If our state, if our nation is ever 
to get back to prosperity," declared 
Mrs. Gross, "men and women must 
work and work hard. It is fully as 
important that they should work six 
days as it is that they should rest on 
the seventh." 

Herbert Mook, Esq., of the Mead- 
ville Grange gave a tine talk on taxa- 
tion, in which he told how taxes are 
levied, where the money is used and 
suggested methods of aleviating the 
burden upon the farmers. He pointed 
out briefly from the auditors' report 
that it would be practically impossible 
to lower the county taxes more than 
one or two mills and this could be 
accomplished only by paring expenses 
to the place where efficient operation 
of the county could not be carried on. 

Mr. Mook told how the standards of 
public schools have been elevated in 
recent years thus necessitating higher 
rates of taxation, how salaries of 
teachers are determined by law. 

The solution advanced by Attorney 
Mook is to abolish the antiquated tax- 
ing system which places the burden 
upon the landowner and shift the load 
to stocks, bonds, incomes and sources 
where taxation merely lowers the rate 
of profits. Mr. Mook's argument was 
along the line that when the present 
taxing system was established, a com- 
munity was practically self-sufficient 
but in these times of reliance on inter- 
state commerce, when one buys the 
bulk of his necessities from large man- 
ufacturing centers which gather the 
profits that formerly supported the 
community, it is only right that these 
centers should compensate the com- 
munities which purchase their goods. 

A deficiency in local government 
was pointed out when the speaker was 
on the subject of the cost of admin- 
istering justice. He stated that while 
this county spent in the neighborhood 
of $20,000 annually for jury service 
and $9,000 for commonwealth wit- 
nesses, only $4,900 in fines and costs 
were collected last year, or in other 
words, not enough to pay for the wit- 
nesses who made convictions possible. 



MAKING A MODEL GRANGE 

Seldom has Boot Jack Grange, Ko 
1680, carried out a more impressivi 
program than on Tuesday eveninff 
June 4, 1935. ^' 

In the face of economic stress, this 
grange has succeeded in carrying out 
a program of advancement during the 
five-year period from 1930 to 1935 
which has been recognized by the Na- 
tional Grange. 

A seal of honor has been awarded 
each year, until the present one 
which is the seal of a model grange 

A pageant depicting the episodes 
of these years was enacted by a large 
group of young people in a faultless 
manner. It showed the difficulties 
that were met and overcome in ful- 
filling these requirements. 

The earnestness and sincerity witt 
which these players enacted their 
parts was indicative of the manner 
in which all in Boot Jack Grange 
have worked to accomplish this aim. 

As one listened to the words as 
spoken by the players, interspersed 
with the inspiring grange songs, it 
seemed that the "oneness of aim" so 
much desired by any organized group 
had really been accomplished in this 
grange. 

This pageant which was written 
and directed by the lecturer, Mrs. il, 
A. Spleen, was composed of the fol- 
lowing cast of characters: 

Boot Jack Grange — Mrs. Earl Won- 
derly. 

Spirit of Progress — Leona McAi 
lister. 

The Secretary — Nellie Wonderly. 

Old Man Depression — Alfred 
Schmiedel. 

Cooperation — Phebie Miller. 

Discord — Fred Dietz. 

iP^^— Raymond McAllister. 

1933 — Lynn Rosenkrans. 

Beauty — Pearl Steis. 

Extension Department — A. C. Rock- 
well. 

Faith — Mary Armanini. 

Hope — Margaret Armanini. 

Pennsylvania State Grange — M. A. 
Spleen. 

Boot Jack was honored by having 
as guests a large delegation from each 
of the following granges in Elk Co.: 
Long Level, Montmorenci, Summit. 
Kersey and Valley. At the close of 
the program lunch was served and 
thus passed another milestone in the 
grange life of this community marked 
by an evening of fellowship and en- 
joyment. 



INGERSOLL PAINTS 

Officially Endorsed by the National Grange in 1874 and in 
continuous use by Members of the Order ever since. 

We do not believe a better or more durable paint is produced 
Nearly a CENTURY'S USE has CONCLUSIVELY PROVED the truth 
of all claims made for Superior Durability of INGERSOLL PAINTS. 
Martufactured by us in all colors for all purposes ar\d sold only 

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in accordance with ARTICLE 4, Declaration of Purposes, P. of H. 

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Get Full Paint Value for Your Money 

\^?co.1 of'otW^.^'^^M"T%^^^5^'^ '?. \r^* FACTORY PRICES, which are way BELOW 

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The EDITOR of this paper recommends INGERSOLL PAINTS 




PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 7 



The Lecturers Corner 

Mb8. Ira 0. Gross, State Lecturer 



POEM FOR JULY 

"The Ship of State" 

Thou, too, sail on, O Ship of State ! 

Sail on, O Union, strong and great! 

Humanity with all its fears. 

With all the hopes of future years, 

Is hanging breathless on thy fate 

We know what Master laid thy keel, 

What workmen wrought thy ribs of steel, 

Who made each mast, and sail, and rope, 

What anvils rang, what hammers beat. 

In what a forge and what a heat 

Were forged the anchors of thy hope! 

Fear not each sudden sound and shock — 

'Tis of the wave, and not the rock ; 

'Tis but the flapping of the sail. 

And not a rent made by the gale! 

In spite of rock and tempest's roar. 

In spite of false lights on the shore, 

Sail on, nor fear to breast the sea! 

Our hearts, our hopes, are all with thee. 

Our hearts, our hopes, our prayers, our tears. 

Our faith, triumphant o'er our fears, 

Are all with thee, are all with thee! 

— Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. 




We again celebrate Independence 
Day, the anniversary of the adoption 
of the Declaration of Independence 
by the Continental Congress, July 4, 
1176. This holiday is considered the 
greatej^t secular holiday of the United 
States. Because of its importance, we 
might do well to glance at the purpose 
which motivated this great event. One 
writer describes it best in these words, 
"Nothing important merely happens — 
it develops. The Declaration of Inde- 
pendence was the outcome of a long 
train of circumstances, all tending to 
one inevitable end. It was the climax 
of many decades of thought, discus- 
sion, and experience." 

What a timely and suggestive 
thoupjht for all good citizens at the 
present time! If it was important in 
the beginning days of our Nation 
that any momentous action come only 
after "decades of thought, discussion, 
and experience" how much more im- 
rwtant that at least months, or at 
['est, a few years, be given to study of 
vital issues today? When we think 
^f the launching of our "Ship of 
State" we are forcibly reminded that 
there are factions and individuals who 
think to cure the ills attendant upon 
these years of economic depression by 
tearing to pieces and remaking the 
J^onstitution. It were wise for us to 
'^Pep in mind the ideas of the men 
^vho founded our nation, namely, that 
preat events come after thought and 
experience. 

. l-l}is quotation contains another 
significant thought, particularlv for 
agricultural people. "Nothing im- 
portant merely happens." We are 
prone to think that farmers are 
peculiarly the victims of chance; that 

\IX^^^- ^^^ ^^ weapons with which 
npfht his natural enemies — storms, 
nsects, droughts,— all the varying 
Ijoods of nature. Is this true, en- 
rely. WTg grant there are certain 
Phenomena whose ravages cannot be 
^ntrolled by man. But to show that 
in \ J iiature can and do work hand 

the 1 ' }^^ "^ ^^^^' f^^ instance, at 
.planting of wheat, whose harvest 
^*"?^ at hand. 

nro ^^ ^1^^ ^^^ merely tossed on un- 
|j'^57^[land ? Was any kind of seed 
anH ^^ planted on impoverished 

ine ?'^^"t ^oil? Was the gather- 
thflf I harvest done at any time 

.o'h /P^^"^ to suit the farmer? The 
For h- ^"''''* <lid none of these things, 
"^ni a bounteous wheat crop did 



not "merely happen," but was the re- 
sult of planning and forethought and 
experience. The planting and harvest- 
ing of wheat is a beautiful drama, 
repeated year after year, and most 
clearly illustrates our Grange lessons 
of Faith, and Hope, and Love. With 
what deep-rooted faith in the good 
earth does the farmer prepare the 
soil ? With lavish generosity he feeds 
it, nourishes it, pays in advance for 
the work it will do. Then, with a 
prayer in his heart, he plants good 
seed, hoping that an all-loving God 
will send sunshine and rain for an 
abundant harvest. And then the 
harvest! It is the high time of the 
year — the time from which all other 
events of the summer are dated. No, 
important events do not merely hap- 
pen. 

There is still another thought here 
for us as Grange Lecturers. A good 
Grange does not merely happen, but 
is the result of manv days of thought 
and planning and experience. Sup- 
pose each one of us looks back over 
the six months of the year that are 
gone and estimate our harvest. Did 
we merely let our Grange drift, trust- 
ing that things would just happen, 
and that the Grange would come along 
all rights Or, like the wise states- 
men of our colonial days, and like wise 
farmers of today, did we think and 
plan and build upon experience? If 
we did this, then I think we can pause 
at this half-way mark of the year and 
go forward in faith that the harvest 
will be good. 

Just as it is true that events do not 
merely happen, so is it equally true 
that nothing stands still — it either 
progresses or slips back. It is the 
natural order of things that our 
Granges grow, or die. They may not 
grow so much in membership; but 
they can grow in service, in achieve- 
ment, insupplying for the community 
the mental, moral and spiritual food 
that is so necessary for complete liv- 
ing. 



lar. Blanks have already been mailed 
to Lecturers, and more may be secured 
from the office of your State Lecturer. 
Those who are certain of their at- 
tendance at this Conference will help 
in the housing arrangements if they 
will register in advance with the 
State Lecturer. Rooms will cost fifty 
cents per night, or two dollars for the 
duration of the Conference. Meal 
tickets, providing for eleven meals, 
may be purchased for six dollars. The 
meals start with Tuesday evening and 
include Saturday breakfast. Guests 
must furnish their own pillows, bed 
clothing, etc. The swimming pool 
will be open each day from 4 p. m. to 
5 p. m. Charge, twenty-five cents per 
person each day. 

While the programs have not yet 
been sent to us, we hope to have these 
in time to be mailed early in July. 
The copy of the tentative program 
which has come from Brother Bailey 
Thomas, host Lecturer of the Con- 
ference, includes some very attractive 
items. Among these are addresses by 
the State Masters of the five partici- 
pating states, Delaware, Maryland, 
New Jersey, New York and Pennsyl- 
vania. Then there are addresses by our 
National Master, Brother Taber, and 
also by Brother Charles M. Gardner, 
of National Grange. There are plenty 
of Group Sessions listed, these to be 
in charge of our National Lecturer 
and the various State Lecturers. There 
are social events, chief of which is 
an afternoon outing to Dover, fol- 
lowed by a picnic supper and out-of- 
doors program which will be con- 
tributed by the various guest states. 
So put on your old gray bonnet and 
get ready to go to Dover. 

There are many Pennsylvania Lec- 
turers who were unable to take ad- 
vantage of our own Pennsylvania 
Conference in April. Particularly 
those who live in the far southeastern 
section will find it more convenient 
to attend this Conference than to have 
attended the first one. We are hoping 
that many will take this opportunity. 
The cost of the Conference has been 
held to a minimum, and transporta- 
tion may be considerably reduced if 
a group of Lecturers and Patrons 
travel together by automobile. Let's 



Thursday, August 8 

On Thursday, August 8, there will 
be an address by J. A. Boak, of Penn- 
sylvania, and the group sessions will 
be conducted, as follows: Juvenile 
Grange by Mrs. Freestone, Pomona 
Lecturers by Mrs. Gross, Program 
Building by Mrs. Miller and Dra- 
matics by Bailey Thomas. 

Friday, August 9 

August 9, the group sections will 
again meet and an address by Thomas 
Brooks, of Maryland. In the after- 
noon of this same day, Brother Free- 
stone, State Master of New York 
State Grange, will address the meeting 
and at 7 : 45 p. m., Charles M. Gard- 
ner, High Priest of Demeter of the 
National Grange will give an address. 

The registration fee is $1.00; meal 
ticket for eleven meals, $6.00; room, 
$2.00 (50c per night). Guests are to 
furnish own pillows and bed clothes. 



go 



Program 



MIDDLE ATLANTIC STATES 

LECTURERS' CONFERENCE 

I hope that many Pennsylvania 
Lecturers and Patrons are making 
plans to attend the Middle Atlantic 
Lecturers' Conference at Newark, 
Delaware. For your information we 
give the following items of fixed ex- 
pense. Registration fee is one dol- 



The printed program of the con- 
ference will be mailed to all Subordi- 
nate Lecturers as soon as the same 
is off the press. The conference will 
open Tuesday, August 6, and all per- 
sons are required to register promptly 
upon arrival. 

Tuesday, August 6 

At 7 : 30 p. m. the formal opening 
of the conference will be under the 
direction of Bailey Thomas, Lecturer 
of the State of Delaware, following 
which there will be an hour of social 
events to enable folks to become ac- 
quainted. 

WFn:)NESDAY, August 7 

On August 7, the forenoon session 
will be divided into four group sec- 
tiorn^. Mrs. Ira C. Gross will have 
charge of Pomona Lecturers' prob- 
lems, Mrs. Stella Miller, of New York 
State, will have charge of program 
building, Howard Hancock will have 
charge of youth development and 
Bailey Thonias will preside over the 
section on dramatics. 

The singing for the sessions will be 
in charge of Mrs. Flora Burge, of 
Greene County, Pennsylvania. 

The afternoon session of August 7 
will be addressed by David H. Agans, 
Master of the New Jersey State 
Grange and L. J. Taber, Master of 
the National Grange, besides the sev- 
eral groups will again have special 
periods. 



PENN STATE FARMERS' 

FIELD DAY IS SUCCESS 

Farmers' Field Day at the Penn- 
sylvania State College, June 13, was 
one of those rare days the poet wrote 
about so enthusiastically. The weath- 
er was ideal and the crowd of 4,000 
reminded staff members of the good 
old days before the depression. 

Visitors were kept busy attending 
programs planned by a dozen depart- 
ments of the School of Agriculture 
and Experiment Station. There were 
exhibits to see, such as the giant leaf, 
mechanical hen, dairy equipment, 
legume cultures, meats, vegetables, 
forest trees, insects, farm machinery, 
and Kimwar Pauline Burke, Penn 
State's high producing Holstein, bred 
and presented to the college by Harry 
O. Kimmel, Shelocta. This, cow has 
a lifetime production of 125,291 
pounds of milk. In her best year she 
produced 27,221 pounds of milk and 
890 pounds of butterfat. A row of 
filled milk bottles testified to the fact 
that she gave an average of 34.7 
quarts a day for 365 days. 

One of the most popular demonstra- 
tions was that of butter, cheese, and 
ice cream making. The horse pulling 
event with the dynamometer drew the 
usual large crowd of spectators. 

Trips over the poultry plant and 
college farms, throucrh the soil erosion 
plant, the orchards, and livestock 
farms carried interested groups into 
contact with experiments of far- 
reaching importance. 



MONROE POMONA 

Monroe Pomona Grange, No. 64, 
met in conference with Pocono 
Grange, No. 1415, at Tannersville, 
Saturday, June 15th, session opened 
with Pomona Master H. E. Klein- 
stuber in the chair, after the usual 
opening Grange ceremony, Worthy 
Master, appointed the various com- 
mittees: Application Committee — 
Mrs. H. E. Kleinstuber and Mrs. J. 
H. Cyphers ; Press Committee — 
Philip Kishpaugh, Mrs. H. E. Klein- 
steuber, Pike Co., and several other 
committees to act when called upon, 
after which they recessed for dinner. 

Seven-thirty p. m., evening session 
was called to order. The committee 
reported 14 candidates for the fifth de- 
gree. Degree was exemplified by the 
officers in fine style. 

Mount Prospect Grange, No. 1995, 
was well represented. A delegation 
of ten ladies and chauffeur from 
Matamoras, Pike County. It was their 
first Pomona meeting, for Mount 
Prospect Grange No. 1995. They won 
the Banner, having the largest num- 
ber of members in attendance all day. 



TIGHT BINDING 



I 



Page 8 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



^^hf 1935 



Pennsylvania Qrange News 



5 cents a copy. 



Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 

Rooms 426' 28. Telegraph Buildinit 

216 Locust St. HjuTisburit. Pa. 



50 cents a year. 



Vol. XXXII 



July, 1935 



No. 4 



Board of Managers 
J. A. BOAK, President, New Castle, Pa. 
FUEMAN GYGEB KENZIE S. BAGSHAW CHARLES W. CREASY 

Kimberton, Pa. Hollidaysburg, Pa. Catawissa, Pa. 

Editor-in-Chief, J. A. BOAK 

Managing Editor, JOHN H. LIGHT 

426-28 Telegraph BuUding, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Associate Editor, IRA C. GROSS 

ADVERTISING Is accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate line, or $3.50 per Inch, 
•ach Insertion. New York represenUtive, Norman Co., 34 West 33d Street. 




THIS is the season when we think of the birth of our nation, and also 
the birth of liberty. Do we appreciate our American liberty? Do we 
realize what it cost our forefathers? Are we conscious of our responsi- 
bility to perpetuate this heritage — liberty? How shall we observe Inde- 
pendence Day ? Shall we make it a day of merriment or shall we make it a 
day of meditation? Certainly, it should be a day of both meditation, merri- 
ment and rejoicing. 

It is the duty of every American citizen to teach Americanism to the on- 
coming citizen, whether he be native or foreign born. 

May we ask what would have been the result if the American eagle had 
received the care, or a part of the care, the Blue eagle did? It is claimed 
that the cost of the two birds has been about the same, while one sailed 
over America two years, the other more than one and a half centuries. While 
I had feared that the Blue eagle would be considered a political bird, I have 
been happily disappointed, as party affiliations seem to make no difference 
among those who comment on its passing. 

I hope during the month of July, every Grange in our land will have an 
anniversary meeting, celebrating the one hundred and fifty-ninth anniversary 
of the birth of freedom and independence. 

May Virtue, Liberty and Independence be our inspiring motto as we 
persevere in all good works. 



EITTTALISM 

AMONG the many features that contribute to the success of the Grange 
^ is ritualism. We have endeavored to stress upon our officers many 
times its importance and frequently receice the reply that "our mem- 
bers are not interested in ritualism, they want a good time." Then we ask, 
what do people call a good time ? It is an undisputed fact that the Granges 
that adhere to the ritual have the best meetings and live longest. That 
which makes an organization a mob is the lack of ritualism. 

Many do not see the beauty in ritualism. Not long ago, I looked at a 
great painting, but could not see the beauty in it until it was explained to 
me. We are confident that if more effort was given to explain the beauties 
of our ritual and the symbols of the Grange, that our Order would be more 
appreciated by our members and its influence would be greatly extended. 

Certainly, if our membership could visit the different Granges and see 
the part that ritualism plays in a successful Grange, more effort would be 
put on ritualism. All Grange programs should stress some feature of the 
ritual. 

As we are taking in large classes of members in many Granges, I hope 
the initiation may be done in a proper manner and that the members may be 
taught the significance of the Grange. J. A. Boak. 



The Grange in Legislation 

AS THE Legislature has adjourned and the smoke of battle clears away, 
^ I wish to commend briefly on our activities along this line during 
the session. 

I am more than pleased with our accomplishments. In fact, I think the 
Grange played a more prominent and successful part in the last session 
than any I have known of and was delighted a few days ago to hear my 
predecessor. Brother Dorsett, make a similar statement. This was indeed 



gratifying when I realize that Brother Dorsett's experience along this ling 
covers a generation. 

Few, if any groups, can review the results of the session and find more 
to their credit. 

I have asked Brother Light to write a report of our legislative work to 
be mailed later to State Officers and Granges. Same will also be available 
to all those who apply, but I wish to mention here a few things that will 
save the farmers of our State millions of dollars — the defeat of House Bill 
No. 1199, better known as the Compensation Bill; our determined figh* 
against a five-cent tax on gasoline; the defeat of the so-called "Packer's" 
Bill, and the defeat of the bill to centralize collection of taxes which 
claimed to effect a savings but in reality would cost more than at present 

Sometimes we were criticised for not adopting the policies of the ad- 
ministration. We could not do that as our i)olicy (that of the State Grange) 
is the result of many years of study and to change it to suit the different 
administrations would be folly. We have never adopted the policy of any 
administration but are always glad to work with those whose policies are in 
harmony with ours. 

It was impossible for me to be in Harrisburg as much during this ses- 
sion as I should have liked to have been, but I have kept in almost daily 
connection with our office and wish to state that the work of our Legislative 
Committee and its Representative, Brother Light, has been one hundred per 
cent Grange policy. 

The Legislative and Executive Committees join with me in expressing 
the thanks of the State Grange for the untiring efforts of our LegislatiTe 
Agent and to our faithful mmebers of the various Granges who have so ably 
supported our program. J. A. Boak. 



Whereas, The Justices of our Supreme Court have been prompted 
to make decisions against our present government; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we, the members of the Lehigh and Northampton 
County Pomona Grange, stand by the United States Supreme Court 
in upholding the Constitution inviolate and that we realize that upon 
it rests the momentuous responsibility of shaping the destiny of our 
country. COMMITTEE. 



THE TAX BUBDEN 

The Pennsylvania Legislature has 
ended its work for the present ses- 
sion and adjourned. It passed 591 
new laws, out of 3,514 Bills and 341 
Resolutions introduced. 

Taken as a whole, the Administra- 
tion jammed through the major part 
of its program and the taxpayers of 
Pennsylvania are asked to hand over 
an additional $125,000,000 in new tax 
levies. This is 78,000,000 less than 
demanded by the Governor at the 
opening of the session. The unwill- 
ingness of the Senate to accede to this 
program saved the taxpayers at least 
$18,000,000 directly and many more 
millions indirectly. 

In addition the State Income tax 
for the relief of school districts, rang- 
ing from 2 to 8 per cent, with exemp- 
tions of $1,000 for single and $1,500 
for married persons. This tax is sup- 
posed to raise $38,000,000 but must 
be tested in the Supreme Court of the 
State to determine its constitutional- 
ity. The Senate made an effort to 
make this a flat 2 per cent tax to 
avoid this test but the Administration 
refused to accept the plan. 

It is interesting to note that all 
efforts to enact a graduated income 
tax law for general state taxes re- 
ceived no consideration because of 
the doubt of its constitutionality. 
However, this same question was not 
raised so frequently as regards the in- 
come for school purposes. It is the 
hope that the Supreme Court may find 
it in accord with our Constitution. 
Should the opinion be adverse, real 
estate will have profited nothing by 
legislation in this session. 



The Grange School Bill got no 
where because of the opposition of the 
Chairman of the Committee to which 
it was referred. Altogether the tax- 
payers of Pennsylvania will find the 
tax load heavier and the farm and 
home owners may be no exception. 



LiaUOE LAWS 



The State liquor laws were altered 
to allow rum and beer to be sold at 
bars, ending the system which had 
previously prevailed under which the 
citizenry was barred from taking its 
liquor "standing up." 

Clubs were given the privilege of 
selling on Sundays. 

The State was ordered to divide 
liquor fines with counties in which 
they originated. 

A reciprocity tax was imposed on 
liquor sold the State stores by pro- 
ducers in other States which is to be 
equal to the discrimination of that 
State against Pennsylvania. 

Package sales of beer by food vend- 
ers was refused. 

The Liquor Board was given control 
of alcohol. 

The Assembly authorized 250 more 
liquor stores in the State. Many oi 
these stores, under the Liquor Bill* 
will be known as **one-man stores" and 
will be open only certain hours a day- 
Such establishments all will be located 
in rural districts. 

The board also was given discr^ 
tionary powers as to opening 8^J 
closing of stores between 7 A. H. <^" 
11 P. M. daily, except Sunday. 

Licensees permitted to sell for co^' 
sumption off the premises up to ^' 
enty-two fluid ounces of beer to one 
person at one time. 

Transfer liquor store profits in^ 
the general fund, making that f«J»<' 
liable for unemployment relief, oW' 
age assistance and blind pensions. 



July, 1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 9 



Grange Life In- 
surance 

Juvenile Educational Endowment 

POUOIES 

Two new educational endowment 
nolicies recently issued by our Grange 
rife Insurance Company, the Farm- 
ers & Traders, Syracuse, N. Y., pro- 
vide money for a college education 
ffhen needed. These policies written 
on the lives of children from birth to 
9U years of age, endow at ages seven- 
teen and eighteen, respectively. Payor 
benefit clause issued with these con- 
tracts provides that in event of the 
death of the parent or guardian, the 
company will waive the payment of 
premiums which may become due on 
the policy after the death of the 
parent or guardian. For full par- 
ticulars regarding these policy con- 
tracts, consult a representative of the 
company, or write direct to The 
Farmers & Traders Life Insurance 
Co., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Our 1936 Program 

Our Grange Life Insurance pro- 
gram with its objective of three or 
more policies placed in each subor- 
dinate grange is being successfully 
carried forward. The gratifying re- 
sults to date are in large measure ow- 
ing to the cordial and effective co- 
operation of National, State and Sub- 
ordinate Grange oflficials and to our 
membership as well. To them our 
thanks are due. 

Ample Security 

The investments of the Farmers & 
Traders Life Insurance Company in 
corporate securities are written down 
to the market the first of each month 
and even at prevailing prices its sur- 
plus and contingency reserves are 
ample over all liabilities to guarantee 
every outstanding contract. 



HEAET ATTACK IS FATAL 

TO PAST MASTER W. F. HILL 

William Free Hill, Senior Past 
Master of the Pennsylvania State 
Grange, and known to nearly every 
member of the Grange in Pennsyl- 
vania, died very suddenly of a heart 
attack at his home near Huntingdon, 
Pennsylvania, on Friday morning, 
June 21 at six o'clock. 

Not only the community, but our 
membership was shocked upon hearing 
tkifl news. Funeral services were held 
Sunday afternoon at 2 : 30 o'clock in 
the Abbey Reformed Church, Hunt- 
ijgdon, by his pastor, the Rev. H. D. 
McKeehan. Burial was made on Mon- 
day P.M., June 24th at Westford, 
Crawford County, Pennsylvania, 
where the Grange burial ceremony 
WM given. 

William Free Hill was born in 
South Shenango township, Crawford 
^unty, Pa., March 4, 1867, a son of 
l^eodore Wallace and Rebecca (Free) 
^Jj. He was educated at Allegheny 
Allege. After his return home from 
JJfjege, he took up farming, marrying 
^ildred Collins, who died in 1893. 
Jle married Marie A. Hill of Leech- 
'^Qrg, Pa., on November 4, 1897. 

In 1904, President Theodore Roose- 
velt appointed Brother Hill as United 

tates delegate to an international 
jsrricultural conference at Rome, 
Ataly Again in 1908 President Roose- 
Ijlt designated Brother Hill to re- 
^ to Rome to assist in completing 
^e establishment of the International 

Wh"/^ pf Agriculture. 

"hile in Europe, he visited other 
^^J^tries and made a study of farm 
8tri ^^^ Upon his return he was in- 

"^niental in founding a number of 



banks in Pennsylvania, including the 
Grange Trust Company of Hunting- 
don, where he served on the Board 
of Directors for several years. 

Brother Hill served as a delegate 
by appointment of several governors 
of Pennsylvania to the Farmers Na- 
tional Congress, Interstate Tax Con- 
gress, Interstate Road Congress and 
the Charleston Exposition. He also 
served as a trustee of State College 
and during his lifetime was widely 
known as a farmer's institute lecturer. 
He held the position of special agent 
under the Department of Agriculture 
of Pennsylvania under four governors. 

Brother Hill's Grange activities in- 
cluded, lecturer of the State Grange 
for four years; and Master for ten 
years, the term 1898-1908. In 1923, 
he published "The Grange Movement 
in Pennsylvania," which is a history 
of the movement together with bio- 
graphical sketches of Grange leaders. 
Since his retirement from the Mas- 
tership of the State Grange, he has 
been actively identified with the 
Grange in Pennsylvania and in his 
home county he was a member of Big 
Valley Grange, having served as Mas- 
ter of this Subordinate Grange. At 
the time of his death, he was secre- 
tary of the Huntingdon County Po- 
mona, a position that he had held for 
many years. 

He was an active member of the 
Abbey Reformed Church during the 
last twenty-five years, president of the 
Sunday School Association for many 
years and until recently he was teach- 
er of the Kappa Chi class of that 
church. In politics Brother Hill was 
a Republican and other fraternal con- 
nections besides the Grange were the 
Masons and the Phi Kappa Psi fra- 
ternity. 

He is survived by his wife, Marie 
A. Hill; one daughter, Lina, (Mrs. 
J. B. Holmes), of Pittsburgh, by his 
first marriage; and three sons, by his 
second marriage: Ned Wallace, of 
Phoenix, Arizona; Donald Mac, of 
New Brunswick, N. J.; and Gerald 
Bruce, at home. Also surviving are 
three grandchildren: Marion Holmes 
and Mrs. Mildred Holmes Lytle, of 
Pittsburgh, and Patricia Hill, of New 
Brunswick, N. J., and one great- 
grandchild, Jacqueline Lytle, of Pitts- 
burgh. Three sisters also survive: 
Mrs. Maude Shillito, Grove City, Pa. ; 
Mrs. Zetta Goodwin, Atlantic City, 
N. J.; Mrs. Agnes Nunn, Meadville. 



AProfitSharingPlan ^ 



ON 



Petroleum Products 




We have arranged with one of the 
largest Oil Companies to supply Members of Subordinate Granges of the 
state with 

GASOLINE, OILS, KEROSENE, GREASES, Etc 

AT A SAVING 

WRITE FOR INFORMATION 



ARTHTJR D. CROMWELL DIES 

Brandywine Grange, No. 60, of 
Chester County, lost a faithful and 
valued member in the death of Prof. 
Arthur D. Cromwell. Prof. Crom- 
well's interest in agriculture was 
manifest in all his grange activities. 
As an educator he held a keen in- 
terest in the rural public schools and 
his viewpoint of the needs of rural 
schools was progressive. 

We remember his coming among 
us as our first County Agent; as the 
temporary appointee to that office, 
which he only accepted until another 
competent man could be found and 
the valuable work that he did in or- 
ganizing and laying down funda- 
mental principles for the conducting 
of that work. 

We remember that he was the first 
to advocate and induce the farmers to 
plant alfalfa in Chester County. He 
taught them how to prepare the soil, 
plant the seed, harvest the crop and 
how to feed it properly. 

We also remember his efforts in con- 
vincing corn growers that a variety of 
corn that grew two medium-sized ears 
to the stalk put more shelled corn into 
the bushel basket than a variety that 
grew one large ear to the stalk. 



Roll and Metal Roofing 
Paints and Varnishes 



Sprays — Liquid, Dusts, Fly 



GOLDEN TIE TWINE 

Ask the Secretary of your grange for pricei 

or write us. 

KEYSTONE GRANGE EXCHANGE 

HARRISBURG. PA. 




We remember his interested labors 
in Brandywine Grange as our Lec- 
turer and as a fellow laborer in the 
cause of Husbandry. As Chairman of 
the Committee on Education of this 
Grange, he was the author of many 
valuable thoughts that were converted 
into action and carried to our State 
Grange and to the Department of 
Education at Harrisburg. 

We greatly appreciate his efforts for 
us as a Grange, the honor he has 
brought upon Brandywine Grange as 
well as his loving approachable man- 
ner, he being always ready to meet 
his fellowmen upon any level or walk 
of life. 

We know that we can never replace 
Brother Cromwell a man who was a 
great thinker, a man of wisdom and 
foresight, one who had the courage 
and persistence to carry out whatever 
plans or program he had formulated. 
A man unselfish even to a fault and 
one who was untiring in his efforts to 
better rural conditions both agricul- 
turally and educationally. A true 
Patron of Husbandry indeed. 



GRANGE NOTES 



Pineville Grange, Bucks County, 

discussed "Prevention of Finance 

Leagues on the Farm" at a recent 

meeting. 

* « « 

Armstrong County received forty- 
three candidates in the Fifth Degree 

at the quarterly meeting on June 9th. 
« « « 

Franklin Grange, Bucks County, 
had a discussion on "Sales Tax Bene- 
fits" at a recent meeting. 
« « * 

V. E. Carr, State Deputy for the 
last five years, has retired from that 
field of work. Brother Carr covered 
the counties of Clearfield, Indiana, 



Armstrong, Clarion and Jefferson. 
During his term, he was successful in 
organizing and reorganizing many 
Granges. His retirement from the 
field of activity is regretted and we 
extend our best wishes to Brother 
Carr in his business activities. 

• « « 

Dr. Hood, of State College, ap- 
peared before Bedford County Po- 
mona Grange and spoke on the sub- 
ject, "What of the Future of Agri- 
culture." 

« « » 

A class of fifty new candidates was 
received into Grange membership by 
Peach Bottom, Lower Chanceford and 
Fawn Grove Granges, of York 
County, at a joint initiation on June 

18th. 

• « « 

A joint meeting of the Pomona 
Granges of Cambria, Somerset, Bed- 
ford, Blair and Centre Counties was 
held on June 20th at Memorial Park 
in Martinsburg. The speakers were 
Harry A. Caton, Secretary of the Na- 
tional Grange; E. B. Dorsett, Past 
Master of the State Grange; J. A. 
Boak, Master of the State Grange, 

and others. 

« • « 

Rev. Ross Haverfield, Chaplain of 
the State Grange, addressed the Lu- 
zerne County Pomona meeting at its 
session on June 10th. 

• « • 

Seventy-five members of Clinton 
County Pomona carried the Travel- 
ing Gavel to Centre County Pomona 
on June 12th. 

» « • 

John A. McSparran, Past Master 
of the State Grange, made the prin- 
cipal address on "Economic Condi- 
tions of Today" at the May meeting 
of Pomona Grange No. 3 of Chester 
and Delaware Counties. 



Page 10 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



J"iy» 1935 



Mrs. Georgia M. Piollet 
Chairman, Towanda 

Mrs Charlotte Ruppin 
Akron 

Mrs. George Kresge 
Falls 

Miss Margaret Brown 
State College 

Mrs. Etnma Jones 
Irwin, R. D. 4 



WOMAN'S WORK 

IN THE 

HOME AND GRANGE 

By Home Economics Committee 



J 



JULY 

The birth of America was certified 
by the Declaration of Independence. 
The individuality of America's spirit 
comes to life and is reborn each 4th 
of July. The written words are pre- 
served for posterity by every means 
possible. We declare the 4th of July 
a holiday because men died that 
America might live to perpetuate the 
fundamental principles which have 
made America such a great nation. 

The Flag 

"You are the soul of a nation 
The pulse that quickens her. 
Gives breath and life and spirit 
On to eternity. 

"The centuries are passing 
Where history is trod, 
But you are all enduring 
For Country, Home and God." 

Presidents Born in July 

John Quincy Adams, sixth Presi- 
dent of the United States, was born 
at Quincy, Mass., July 11, 1767. The 
only political party was known as 
the Democratic-Republican. The 
three vital problems in Adams' admin- 
istration, were (1) Shall internal im- 
provements be made by Congress at 
national expense? (2) Is the United 
States Bank constitutional ? (3) Shall 
tariff be levied for revenue only, or 
for protection of home industry? 
Those who believed in the negative 
of these questions were known as 
Democrats, the affirmative were Re- 
publicans, who were shortly after- 
wards called Whigs. Adams served 
four years. He died February 23. 
1848. 

Calvin Coolidge, the thirtieth Presi- 
dent, was born at Plymouth, Vermont, 
on July 4, 1872. He was an ardent ex- 
ponent of economy and while the 
country was in debt enormously at the 
close of the World War, there was a 
material reduction during his tenure 
of office without burdensome taxation. 
I am too old for my years," said Mr. 
Coolidge at 61, a week before he was 
laid at rest beside his son's grave at 
Plymouth. He died suddenly January 

0, J.<700. 

A grave in Vermont — 
"The mountain land takes to its breast 
a son, 

And yet, as mighty hills inspire the 

plain 
His influence shall on the race re- 



main 



» 



Program 



Song, "America, the Beautiful." 

The First Independence Day. 

Flag Drill by Children. 

Debate, "Resolved, that food pre- 
pared in the home is more healthful 
than food purchased at a bakery and 
a grocery." 

"What I like best for a picnic 
lunch." — Answered by men. 
Son, "The Farmer Feeds Them All." 

Peace or War 

Many people in all countries still 
feel, in spite of the great horrors and 
devastation of the World War, which 
was a "War to end War," that the 
right thing to do, in any dispute of 
international character, is to go to 
war, and that preparedness for war is 
absolutely necessary in order to in- 
sure peace. 



We are often told that England 
keeps a very large navy in order to 
keep the peace. America keeps one 
for precisely the same reason. 

We are weighed down with immense 
armaments just because so many peo- 
ple really believe that this is the only 
safe way to defend ourselves, or to 
keep the nations of the world at 
peace. In other words, prepare for 
war in order to keep peace. 

The bravest and best of our land 
went to the "War to End War." Still 
today we are paying millions of dol- 
lars to keep military and naval estab- 
lishments in preparedness for another 
war. The modern paradox is that to 
get peace we must fight for it. Sure 
we must, but not with guns. 

Where is the great new era that the 
War was to create? Did it win the 
peace, prosperity, and plenty which it 
promised for our nation? The actual 
result is appalling. In return we have 
millions of dead and wounded, sad 
and broken-hearted mothers, devastat- 
ed lands, and millions of dollars spent 
for this unholy struggle in a blind 
conflict for peace. We were carried 
away with the pomp and glory of the 
marching soldiers, the music of the 
military bands, and the excitement of 
the crowds. 

Where does all of the talk about the 
glory of war come from anyway? Do 
the returned soldiers talk about the 
glory of the World War in which they 
suffered untold agony, and broken 
health which will never be regained? 
No, they never even want to talk 
about that great conflict which re- 
sulted, not in peace and prosperity, 
but in the greatest depression the 
world has ever known. 

If one-half the money spent by all 
nations in preparedness and propa- 
ganda for war was spent to make 
peace among all nations we would be 
surprised at the result obtained. Set- 
tlement of all difficulties between or 
among nations could be obtained by 
peace treaties which would be honest 
and fair to all people and which would 
recognize the rights of others as well 
as their own. 

Why not follow the example of 
William Penn in his treaty with the 
Indians, the most warlike of people? 
Did he recognize the fact that to win 
peace you must have war? No, he 
realized that the Indians had certain 
rights and he was honest enough to 
respect those rights. One of the first 
things he did was to draw up a treaty 
with them telling them that he pro- 
posed to pay them for giving up their 
rights and that he intended to take 
only what they willingly would give. 
"Do as you would be done by" was 
his motto. 

The memorial of war is one of the 
saddest things of American History. 
Let us observe our war memorial days 
with peace propaganda rather than 
with cannon and gun and all the sym- 
bols of war. Let's talk peace, plan for 
peace, and work for pe&ce among all 
nations in all lands. Let's practice 
the thought of Edwin Markham in his 
verse : 

O let us gather as friends and say, 
"Come, let us try the Master's way, 
Ages we tried the way of swords, 
And earth is weary of hostile hordes. 
Comrades, read out His words again: 
They are the only hope for men! 



Love and not hate must come to 

birth; 
Christ and not Cain must rule the 

earth," 

What You Can Do About It 

Learn the facts. 

Join with others in the fight for 
peace. 

Create public opinion in favor of 
international organization for a war- 
less world. 

Learn that while human nature 
changes slowly, points of view change 
rapidly. 

Show the fallacies of the military 
philosophy. 

Refuse to be dominated by the mili- 
tary mind. 

Urge the adoption of textbooks 
which promote peace rather than war. 

Cultivate friendships to gain clearer 
understanding and appreciation of 
people of other lands. 

Vote for peace. 

Write to National Council for Pre- 
vention of War, 532 17th Street, N. 
W., Washington, D. C, for informa- 
tion. 

Talking Patriots 

Lookin' over the situation. 

Of one thing I am mighty sure; 

There ain't no sense for any nation 
To get riled up and go to war. 

There is them who figger different 
And talk their idees purty strong. 

But I'm never stirred by comment 
When good plain horse-sense says 
it's wrong. 

Take a look at these war fellers, 
Then size up the side they're on. 

You will find the loudest yellers 
Right in front — when the talhin's 
djone! 

They are patriots brave and stalwart, 
And they'd "never bow their head," 

But when all the fightin's over. 
Others have to be the dead. 

There's two things keep war raging — 
Profits from the tools of death. 

And pivot tongues that do the urging, 
So's to keep folks stirred in wrath. 

Folks must hate some other human. 
Or they can't fight strong and fierce. 

It's the roaring politicians 
That's the devil's tool for this. 

I'm fer war, if them who cause it 
Will themselves the fightin' do. 

But I'm tired of profit patriots. 

Who leave the dying to me and 
youl 

Josiah Joshua 



A worth-while Home Economics 
program, given at Goshen Grange, 
Mrs. C. W. Davis, Chairman, opened 
the program by a few remarks on the 
A. B. C. of furnishing a room, stat- 
ing the C. stood for character, the B. 
for background, and A. for arrange- 
ment. 

"Home Sweet Home," was sung for 
the oiiening number. 

"Foods," a paper by Miss Mary R. 
Davis. 

Song— "Drink to Me Only With 
Thine Eyes," by Miss Bertha Price. 

"Potato" was given by Julius 
Hund, who told of its growth from 
the time it was first discovered, until 
the present. 

Mrs. Hannah McK. Lyons was the 
main speaker of the evening. She 
told in a clear and concise way of the 
value of milk to the human body 
and its use as a food. Following Dr. 
Lyons' talk, W. S. Holmes, a repre- 
sentative of the Dairy Council, showed 
three films of moving pictures. 



Helpful Hints 

To make a jelly bag: Take one yard 
of thick all-wool flannel, fold the two 
opposite corners together, fill the side 
making a triangular bag, bind the 
top with heavy tape, and fasten on 
the upper side two or three heavy 
loops by which it may be hung. 

Dried lemon peel sprinkled over 
coals will destroy any disagreeable 
odor about the house. 

Never allow meat to remain in pa- 
per. It absorbs the juices. 

A Recipe 

"Take a dash of water cold 

And a little leaven of prayer; 
A little bit of sunshine gold, 

Dissolved in the morning air; 
Add to your meal some merriment, 

And a thought for kith and kin- 
And then as a prime ingredient, 

A plenty of work thrown in; 
But spice it all with the essence of 
love, 
And a little whiff of play; 
Let a wise old book and a glance 
above, 
Complete a well spent day." 

Tomato Juice 

3 cupfuls tomatoes (cooked) 
V2 cupful water 
2 medium size onions 

2 bay leaves 

3 level teaspoonfuls sugar 
'^/s teaspoonful pepper 

^/4 teaspoonful celery salt 
2 tablespoonfuls tomato catsup 
^2 cupful orange juice 

Put tomatoes in a deep pan and 
add onion sliced, bay leaves, salt, 
sugar, pepper, and celery salt. Cook 
closely covered over a slow heat for 
20 minutes. Strain through a fine 
sieve, add catsup and orange juice. 
Heat to just boiling and can. Sene 
with lemon quarters. 



HIGHWAY SAFETY CAM- 
PAIGN ANNOUNCED 

Safety on rural highways is the 
basic subject of the twelfth renewal 
of the campaign undertaken by the 
National Grange through its 8,000 
subordinate granges to insure for 
residents of rural communities a 
greater measure of protection and 
caution while on streets and highways. 
Announcement of the campaign has 
been made by National Master L. J. 
Taber to State Master J. A. Boak, in 
New Castle, Pennsylvania. 

The campaign takes the form of 
an essay contest among junior mem- 
bers of subordinate granges, with a 
long list of awards and prizes to the 
successful contestants. The subject 
on which grange boys and girls are to 
write 800-word papers is, "How the 
Grange Can Promote Highway 
Safety." The contest is open to all 
members not more than 18 years of 
age. The closing date is August 1, 
when all papers are to be submitted 
to the subordinate lecturer of each 
local grange. 

The major prize is a trip to the Na- 
tional Sessions at Sacramento, Cali- 
fornia, with all expenses paid, to be 
given to the boy or girl whose essay 
is ranked first in the nation. The 
second national award is fifty dollar?. 
the third is thirty dollars, while fourth 
and fifth winners receive fifteen dol- 
lars and five dollars respectively. State 
prizes are numerous. For the best 
essay from each state the writer re- 
ceives a check for five dollars and a 
silver medal, while the second, third, 
and fourth winners each receive 
bronze medals. It has been the cus- 
tom in previous years to present the 
national winner to the national con- 
vention or sessions of the Orange* 



July, 1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 11 



, xq afford the successful contestant 
an opportunity to read his paper to 

the assembly. 

All prizes are gilts of the Automo- 
u-ip Manufacturers Association, which 
Us cooperated with the National 
Grange through this long period m an 
Effective campaign that has made ma- 
terial contribution to the reduction ol 
accidents on rural highways. 

The rules provide that the Sub- 
ordinate Lecturer in each grange shall 
be in charge of the contest, and furth- 
er details may be secured from him, 
from the State or National Master, or 
from the Highway Education Board, 
Washington, D. C, which this year 
and in years past has given its ex- 
nerience in highway safety campaigns 
to the National Grange by assuming 
active charge of the campaign. 

L. J. Taber, National Master of the 
Grange, is one of the most active pro- 
ponents of street and highway safety 
programs. In urging the subordinate 
granges to wage vigorous campaigns 
among their members to secure a re- 
duction of the accident toll, Mr. 
Taber said: "The loss of life, the loss 
of property, and the suffering caused 
by avoidable automobile accidents is 
so tremendous that you can render a 
service to your Grange, your com- 
munity and the nation by a program 
of the character outlined in the rules 
for the campaign this year." 

Officials of the organizations co- 
operating in the campaign agree that 
an educational campaign on traffic 
safety among rural communities is of 
the utmost importance, since an an- 
alysis of traffic mishaps shows that al- 
though less than one-fourth of the 
accidents each year occur on country 
roads, a much larger proportion of 
fatalities are recorded in rural areas. 

National Master Taber himself 
supervises the selection of the winning 
papers. Each state Master forwards 
him the best essays from the several 
states, and these the National Master 
turns over to a committee of three 
distinguished persons whose rating is 
accepted by him and by the Grange as 
final. These awards are always made 
in ample time for the national winner 
to reach the scene of the National 
Sessions usually held in November of 
each year. 



Grange, who will deliver it to the 
Center County Grange the latter part 
of this week. 



CLINTON CO. GRANGE RECEIVES 
GAVEL FROM POTTER CO. 

Clinton County Pomona Grange 
received the traveling gavel from the 
Potter County Grange at the regular 
quarterly meeting held June 5th at 
the Mill Hall Church of Christ. 
Morning, afternoon and evening ses- 
sions were conducted. 

Deputy State Master C. A. Stahl- 
Jiian, of Williamsport, was the prin- 
(^ipal speaker at the morning session 
and the meeting was in charge of Po- 
mona Master Mark Hanna, of Beech 
Creek. 

At noon the women of the Grange 
served a dinner to more than 200 in 
the basement of the church. 
. About 400 Grangers from Lycom- 
^•^g, Clinton, Potter and surrounding 
ponnties attended the afternoon meet- 
'^l?- The session was opened with 
'jPpropriate memorial services con- 
ducted by G. H. Hubbard, of Lock 
JJavon, Paul R. Smith, master of the 

otter County Pomona Grange, was 
Jf^^^^panied by a large delegation for 
the bringing of the traveling gavel. 

l^ne Potter County Grange pre- 

;^nted a program of entertainment 

j?p'ding selections on guitars, man- 

P'^^s and accordions together with 

ringing of "hill billy" s(mgs. 

-Master Smith presented the gavel 
^° the master of the Clinton County 



WESTERN PENNA. INTER- 
COUNTY GRANGE PICNIC 

Western Penna. Inter - County 
Grange Picnic was held at Treesdale 
Farms, Mars, Pa., Wednesday, June 
19, 1935. Hope Grange, No. 1851, of 
Allegheny County, who meet on Trees- 
dale Farms, joined with the manage- 
ment of the Farms as hosts for the 
day. Treesdale Farms is a beautiful 
setting for a Grange Picnic with a 
comfortable hall nestled among the 
trees and shrubs on a spacious lawn 
with suitable grounds for tennis and 
other sports and a large lake for swim- 
ming near by. Around these are hun- 
dreds of acres of fruit trees, nursery 
trees, garden crops and well-tilled 
fields, also a modern poultry plant of 
many thousand chickens. 

Many Patrons arrived early in the 
day with well-filled lunch baskets and 
at noon gathered with families and 
friends for an enjoyable repast. Dur- 
ing the lunch hour the guests were 
entertained with music by the Trees- 
dale Farms Band. The afternoon pro- 
gram was opened with a mock wed- 
ding by Hope Juvenile Grange. The 
stage setting under the trees was beau- 
tifully arranged and the pretty cos- 
tumes and happy faces of the children 
lent a touch of loveliness and charm 
and exemplified some of the possibili- 
ties of Juvenile work. 

Mr. Joe C. Trees, the owner of 
Treesdale Farms, extended a wel- 
come to all of those present and told 
of his interest in farming even in his 
boyhood days. State Master J. A. 
Boak introduced the speaker of the 
day, Mr. Harry Caton, of Coshocton, 
Ohio, National Secretary of the 
•Grange, who made a very interesting 
and instructive talk. Several prizes 
were awarded as follows: The mem- 
ber longest a Granger, Mr. J. M. 
Raisley, of Eureka Grange No. 244, 
of Butler County ; 53 years' member- 
ship. Grange couple married longest, 
Mr. and Mrs. Archie Billings, of Erie 
County; married more than fifty 
years. Contestants for this prize 
were: Mr. and Mrs. Harry Magee, of 
Allegheny County, who will be mar- 
ried fifty years in August, and Mr. 
and Mrs. A. J. Todd, of Beaver 
County, who will be married fifty 
years in September. Long distance 
prize went to Mr. George Settlemeyer, 
of Cambria County, who tied with 
Mr. and Mrs. Billings on distance 
traveled and won in the draw. The 
largest family present was also a tie 
between Mr. and Mrs. Clair Raisley, 
of Eureka Grange, and Mr. and Mrs. 
Elmer Sahli, of Hope Grange, each 
with eight children present. Mr. and 
Mrs. Raisley won the draw. Alle- 
gheny County had the largest county 
delegation present. The door prize 
was won by Mrs. Wm. Wilson, of 
Washington County. The group 
were then entertained by two young 
men from Slippery Rock in a tum- 
bling act displaying much skill and 
strength. Next was an hour of sjwrts 
followed by the arrival of Treesdale 
Farms Little German Band, whose 
original costumes, fun and music were 
well received. Heavy rain storms 
during the preceding night and fre- 
quent showers until afternoon de- 
creased the number present but did 
not dampen the ardor of about one 
thousand who spent a very enjoyable 
day. 



JUNE RALLY IN 

WAYNE COUNTY 

Wayne County Pomona Grange No. 
41 held its annual June Rally in the 
State Armory at Honesdale on June 
13th. A large crowd attended. As 
this was Pomona's treat to the Sub- 
ordinate Granges, members from most 
of the Granges in the county were 
present. 

This Rally was started to get as 
many Grangers together and increase 
the interest in Grange work in the 
county and is always looked forward 
to every year as a gala affair. 

A fine program was presented by 
Pomona Lecturer, Mrs. Lillian Ar- 
nold. After singing "America the 
Beautiful," the Pomona degree team 
put on the drills. This was in charge 
of Mrs. Arnold, who is degree team 



captain. The work was beautifully 
done. After the regular drills, three 
new features were put on consisting 
of the cross representing Faith; next 
the anchor, representing Hope, and 
last, the heart, representing Charity 
with Fidelity. The team made a very 
pleasing appearance, all being in 
white. 

After a few remarks by the Worthy 
Pomona Master, Minor Crosby, a so- 
cial hour was enjoyed. 



The lady was visiting the aquarium. 
"Can you tell me whether I could get 
a live shark here?" she asked an at- 
tendant. 

"A live shark? What could you do 
with a live shark?" 

"A neighbor's cat has been eating 
my gold fish, and I want to teach him 
a lesson." 



OUR FASHION AND PATTERN DEPARTMENT 

All patterns 15 cents in stamps or coin (coin preferred). 




8871 — Charming Model. Designed for sizes 
16, 18 years; 36, 38. 40, 42, 44, 46 
and 48-lnch bust. Size 36 requires 
3% yards of 35-Inch material for 
dress and IV^ yards of 35-Inch ma- 
terial for cape. 

3298 — F:nvlable Slimness. Designed for sizes 
16, 18 years; 36, 38, 40, 42, 44, 
46 and 48-Inches bust. Size 36 re- 
quires 3V^ yards of 39-lnch materi- 
al with % yard of 35-lnch con- 
trasting. 

2664 — Attractiveness for Matrons. Designed 
for sizes 36, 38, 40, 42. 44, 46, 48 
and 50-lnchrs bust. Size 36 re- 
quires 3% yards of 39-lnch ma- 



8302- 



3823- 



terlal with V* yard of 13-Inch con- 
trasting for vestee. 
Cape "Buttons On." Designed for sizes 
14, 16, 18 years; 36, 38 and 40- 
Incbes bust. Size 16 requires 3% 
yards of 35-lnch material. 
-Table Cloth Dress. Designed for sizes 
2, 4 and 6 years. Size 4 requires a 
table cloth 49" x 49" square or 2 
yards of 35-lnch plain material. 
2866 — Cute Health Ensemble. Designed for 
sizes 2, 4 and 6 years. Size 4 re- 
quires % yard of 39-inch material 
for the 8un-8ult and 1V4 yards of 
39-lnch material for the dress. Em- 
broidery pattern No. 705 (blue) 
costs 15c extra. 



A set of triplicate saucepans placed 
over one burner save fuel by cooking 
three dishes with the heat ordinary 
required by one. 



Our Summer Fashion Magazine is 16 cents a copy, but may be obtained for 10 cents 
when ordered same time as pattern. 



I 



Address, giving number and size: 

PATTERN DEPARTMENT, GRANGE NEWS 
428 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



Page 12 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



July, 1935 



Our Juvenile Granges 

Clara E. Dewey, Waterford 



Dear Juveniles: 

We are now all enjoying our vaca- 
tion and I hope each one is going to 
gain very much from it. May we re- 
member that vacation does not mean 
just play but that we should really ac- 
complish something. We should think 
of others at this time of year for there 
are many less fortunate than we who 
need just a little change to make it a 
real vacation to them. 

Maybe you know of some boy or 
girl whom you could make happy by 
taking on a picnic or for a ride or 
even by visiting them. You probably 
know some person who is shut in be- 
cause of sickness or ill health. Get 
busy Juveniles and do something for 
them. And don't forget mother and 
father. They are always busy doing 
things pleasant for you and are usual- 
ly on the job for the whole year. If 
they cannot go away for a day or two 
vacation try giving them a vacation 
at home. You can do most of the 
work for a few days and let them have 
a change and a chance to rest. I am 
sure if you do this your vacation will 
seem much more enjoyable and you 
will be happier for we are happiest 
when we make others happy. 
^ Then too, you can make your vaca- 
tion worth while by accomplishing 
something. Read some good books, 
learn some new poems, some new 
music or learn to swim, play tennis 
or any of the things you would 
like to do. Let's hear from you and 
tell us what you are doing for your 
vacation. I sincerely wish everyone 
of you a very pleasant and profitable 
vacation. 



7. Do not use the Flag as drapery 
in any form whatsoever. 

8. Do not fasten the Flag in such 
manner as will permit it to be easily 
torn. 

9. Do not drape the Flag over the 
hood, top, sides, or back of a vehicle, 
or of a railroad train or boat. When 
the Flag is displayed on a motor car, 
the staff should be affixed firmly to 
the chassis, or clamped to the radiator 
cap. 

10. Do not display the Flag on a 
float in a parade except from a staff. 

11. Do not use the Flag as a cover- 
ing for a ceiling. 

12. Do not carry the Flag flat or 
horizontally, but always aloft and free. 

13. Do not use the Flag as a portion 
of a costume. Do not embroider it 
upon cushions or handkerchiefs nor 
print it on paper napkins or boxes. 

14. Do not put lettering of any kind 
upon the Flag. 

15. Do not use the Flag in any 
form of advertising. 

16. Do not display, use or store the 
Flag in such a manner as to permit 
it to be easily soiled or damaged. 



July IS a month we remember be- 
cause of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. Let us have one meeting 
this month on our flag. You can find 
80 much of interest about it. The 
history of the flag, telling how it has 
changed is a fine thing to know. You 
have many poems, and then there is 
tJhe J? lag Code and how many of us 
know it? It is too long to print here, 
but the American Legion will furnish 
you with a copy or the Boy Scouts can 
tell you about it. There are many 
things you should know and that is 
one way to find out. Get a copy and 
study It at a meeting. 

We have many songs about our 
flag and one I feel we should all 
know, of course taking it for granted 
that we already know the "Star 
Spangled Banner," is "I Salute Thee, 
Old Glory." You will find this in 
many song books, especially Hall- 
Mack song books. 

Then, let's learn to be careful with 
our flag. Here are a few cautions. 

Cautions 

1. Do not permit disrespect to be 
shown to the Flag of the United 
states of America. 

2 Do not dip the Flag of the Unit- 
ed titates of America to any person 
or anything. 

3. Do not display the Flag with the 
union down except as a signal of dis- 
tress. 

4. Do not place any other flag or 
pennant above, or, if on the same 
level, to the right of the Flag. 

5. Do not let the Flag touch the 
erround or the floor, or trail in the 
water. 

6. Do not place any object or em- 
blem of any kind on or above the Flag 
of the United States of America 



I am very pleased with the news I 
am receiving from some of our dif- 
ferent Granges. Here is a fine pro- 
gram that was given for a Mother's 
Day program at Logan Grange, in 
Center County, with Mrs. L. E. Bid- 
die in charge. 

Song— "Howdy Do Mother." 

Recitation— "Welcome," by Edward 
Brooks. 

Recitation— "The Prettiest Rose." 
by Pauline Biddle. 

Recitation — "Dearest Mother," by 
Grace Brooks. 

Recitation— "Helping Mother," by 
Ethel Mae Krape. 

Song— "When Mother Prayed," by 
Pauline and Donald Biddle. 

Dialogue— "Mother." 

Recitation by Linn Corl. 

Recitation by Sonny Tressler. 

Song— "My Mother's Bible." 

Dialogue— "He Ought to Be 
Ashamed," by four boys. 

Recitation— "The Old Armchair," 
by Dorothy Brooks. 

Recitation— "Mother," by Regine 
Jlartle. 

Recitation by Eleanor Brooks. 

Dialogue— "Helping Mother." 

Reading— "Somebody's Mother," by 
Phihp Jodon. 

Song— "Juvenile Army March." 
At the close of the program the 
boys and girls presented all the moth- 
ers with an appropriate gift. 



which was the sum needed for the 
trip. One Qf the school bus drivers 
took us down on June 4 and the 
children seemed to enjoy every min- 
ute of the trip. 

"There were forty-three children 
and six adults in the party so we had 
a nice crowd. We first visited the 
Zoological Gardens, ate our dinner 
there and then went to the State Li- 
brary. Miss Young, who has charge 
of the Extension Division, (I have a 
traveling library from them) was ex- 
pecting us and surely gave us a lovely 
reception. She explained everything 
as we went along or had someone who 
knew more about parts of the build- 
ing than herself do it in her stead. 
She also had the ceiling of the Forum 
lit up for us, something that is rarely 
done for visitors. 

"From the Library we went to the 
Harrishurg Telegraph and saw the 
papers being printed and distributed. 
We then went back to the Capitol 
grounds and had a guide take us 
through the Capitol. Then we went 
to the Museum and saw many things 
of interest there. This ended our 
tour and there were forty-three tired 
children, as well as adults, that re- 
turned to the bus. 

'We had one unpleasant happen- 
ing when we returned to the bus, 
which was parked in a very conspic- 
uous place on the street near the Li- 
brary. We found it had been raided 
and the remains of the children's 
lunches, several pocketbooks with 
their contents and two lovely coats 
were taken. Upon making complaints 
to the chief of the capital police, 
he informed us that they have in- 
adequate police protection and we 
parked there at our own risk, but how 
were we supposed to know that? I 
think it is a terrible reputation for 
a capital city to have. We will have 
to try to raise funds to replace those 
coats for the boy's coat taken belonge(J 
to a child in a family of four children. 
"We surely had a trip that the chil- 
dren will always remember and ap- 
preciate for they raised their own 
money." 

Boys and girls, be glad you live in 
the country or rural community. Let's 
study this Creed. 



WHAT OTHERS SAY 

The Grange and Gasoune Tax 

Fortunately, we have been handed 
copy of a letter written by John B 
Light, Secretary of the State Granw 
of Pennsylvania, and mailed to eacn 
member of the Grange. 

The letter is strongly in opposition 
to levying a tax on gasoline for gen. 
eral purposes, as that tax should be 
used only for the construction and 
maintenance of the highways. 

This additional tax on gasoline will 
very materially decrease the net in- 
come of each farmer who uses any 
kind of a motor-driven engine. 

Mr. Light gives much information 
as to the automobiles, trucks and trac- 
tors used by the farmers, and a fair 
estimate of the gasoline used by those 
farmers. 

There are data in this letter that 
every farmer should have before him 
all the time. This letter should be 
cut out by each farmer and posted up 
somewhere about the place where it 
will always be in the farmer's mind 
and be used by him as a guide at the 
next election. 

While the General Assembly, by 
this tax on gasoline, will reduce the 
net income of all, or practically all 
farmers, we have not noticed a spot 
or place where official salaries have 
been reduced. 

The letter to the Grangers by Mr. 
Light follows in full: (Letter May 
31st printed in full.) — Indiana Eve- 
ning Gazette. 



Here is something a Juvenile 
Grange did that they profited by as 
well as had a good time. I believe 
others could do something similar I 
am going to repeat it just as the 
Matron, Mrs. Samuel Anglin, wrote 
to me as follows,— [Of course, we are 
sorry about the loss they received, but 
1 am proud that they are going to try 
to help rectify it.} ^ 

"We decided to put on a play to 
raise funds for an educational trip 
to Harrisburg. I secured the play, 
Careless Johnny" and after coach- 
ing the children (there were six char- 
acters) once a week for several 
months, they gave the play in the 
Grange Hall, April 11, and repeated 
the same in the Plainfield Grange 
Hall, on May 2. We charged ten 
cents admission and earned ten dollars 



The Country Girl's Creed 
By Jessie Field 

I am glad that I live in the country. 
I love its beauty and its spirit. I 
rejoice in the things I can do as a 
country girl for my home and my 
neighborhood. 

I believe I can share in the 
beauty around me; in the fragrance 
of the orchards in the spring, in the 
weight of the ripe wheat at harvest, 
in the morning song of birds, and in 
the glow of the sunset on the far 
horizon. I want to express this beau- 
ty in my own life as naturally and 
happily as the wild rose blooms by the 
roadside. 

I believe I can have a part in the 
courageous spirit of the country. This 
spirit has entered into the brook in 
our pasture. The stones placed in its 
way call forth its strength and add to 
its strength a song. It dwells in the 
tender plants as they burst the seed 
cases that imprison them and push 
through the dark earth to light. It 
sounds in the nestling notes of the 
meadow lark. With this courageous 
spirit I, too, can face the hard things 
of life with gladness. 

Send in your news for we all enjoy 
reading what others are doing. 

Keep working on some worth-while 
projects and get some ready for the 
State Grange meeting. 

Remember the contest on "The 
Origin of the Grange." More par- 
ticulars next month. 



FARM CREDIT ACT IS SIGNED 

President Roosevelt has signed the 
Farm Credit Act of 1935, reducing 
interest rates on farm mortgages held 
by the Federal Land Banks, from 4% 
to 3V^ per cent during the coming 
year. During the ensuing two years, 
the rate on new loans will be 4 per 
cent. 

On the basis of loans that the Land 
Banks now have outstanding, this will 
reduce the farmers' interest bill to the 
extent of about $30,000,000 during the 
coming three years. The legislation 
will likewise encourage many farmers 
who secured their money through 
other sources to liquidate and re- 
finance their mortgages through the 
Land Banks, thereby making it pos- 
sible for them to secure the benefit of 
reduced interest rates. 

The act contains a provision en- 
abling the land bank commissioner to 
make loans for the purchase of farms. 
Heretofore commissioner's loans were 
confined to refinancing existing mort- 
gages. 

The time during which the land 
bank commissioner may make direct 
loans to farmers on first and second 
mortgages is extended to January 1, 
1940. Not more than $7,500 may be 
loaned to any one farmer, and the 
amount of the commissioner's loan, 
plus existing debts, may not exceed 
75 per cent of the appraised normal 
value of the farm. 

The interest rate on loans made di- 
rect by the bank commissioner re- 
mains unchanged at 5 per cent. The 
National Grange gave its active sup- 
port to this important piece of legis- 
lation. 



One out of every three farm homes 
in^ Pennsylvania is equipped with a 
raido, according to estimates made by 
the State Department of Agriculture. 

County estimates made by the State 
Department of Agriculture show that 
57,460 farms in Pennsylvania h*^ 
telephones on January 1,' 1936. This 
is a decrease of three per cent com- 
pared with the corresponding date of 
1934. 



July. 1»35 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 13 




THE CHAPLAIN'S MEDITATION 

REV. ROSS M. HAVERFIELD, Monongahda, Pa. 



jY Allegiance to the Flag 
It was not by accident that the 
founders of our order provided for the 
display of the American flag at every 
meeting, nor is the singing of the 
national anthem merely a part of a 
ritual: these both symbolize an im- 
portant characteristic of Patrons of 
Husbandry, namely, an Allegiance to 
the Flag of Our Country. Every 
true Granger must be a loyal and up- 
right citizen, and be able to say 
truthfully and whole-heartedly — 



"I pledge allegiance to the 
Flag of the United States of 
America and to the Republic for 
which it stands — one nation, in- 
divisible, with liberty and jus- 
tice for all." 



But allegiance to our Flag must 
find expression in more than a verbal 
declaration: We must live our al- 
legiance! "Lip patriotism" is very 
superficial and of as little value to a 
nation as "lip worship" is to the 
kingdom of God. Our patriotism as 
well as our worship must be from the 
heart for "as a man thinketh in his 
heart, so is he." 

1. Our allegiance to the Flag 
should reveal a deep appreciation of 



our national traditions and ideals that 
have often cost the warm blood of 
American youth. 

2. Our allegiance should create a 
profound respect for our Constitution 
and our laws — for without law there is 
no liberty. 

3. Our allegiance should find ex- 
pression in moral integrity and so- 
briety; in unselfish endeavor to safe- 
guard our national well-being; in up- 
holding the good and overthrowing 
the evil wherever it exists; and in 
humble reliance upon the providence 
of Almighty God — for ^'Blessed is that 
nation whose God is the Lord." 

Furthermore, those who enter this 
nation and attempt to exploit her 
citizens, to overthrow her traditions, 
and to violate her laws, should prompt- 
ly be deported. This nation should 
honor and protect only those who 
are willing to pledge with head and 
heart and hand their true allegiance 
to the Stars and Stripes. 

"Your flag and my flag 

And O how much it holds; 
Your land and my land 
Secure within its folds. 

"Your heart and my heart 
Beat quicker at the sight, 
Sun-kissed and wind-tossed 
Red and blue and white !" 



Farmers^ Cooperatives Report 

Substantial Gain in Business 



ENTHUSIASTIC INVESTIGATOKS 

The Solons were enthusiastic inves- 
tigators, especially members of the 
lower house. The Senate confined its 
investigating to the facilities for tak- 
ing care of tubercular patients. 
Housemen, however, conducted a score 
of inquiries into relief administration 
in counties, probed the Liquor Board, 
the Gilberton mine disaster, anthra- 
cite and bituminous coal freight rates, 
school costs and other subjects. A 
joint committee investigated the re- 
lief setup between sessions. 

A joint commission to study road 
hazards and develop means of reduc- 
ing traffic accidents was authorized by 
both houses. In addition, the House 
approved an investigation of "favorit- 
ism" allegedly shown by the State 
Board of Pharmacy to graduates of 
certain school. The Senate approved 
an investigation of Governor George 
H. Earle's charges that Senator Wil- 
liam H. Clark, Chester, solicited a 
onbe from two cabinet members. 

In the closing days of the session 
the House of Representatives adopted 
a resolution to investigate the Coop- 
erative Agricultural Associations or 
Urporations of Producers of Farm 
products. The resolution was intro- 
duced by Mr. Nagel and the commit- 
tee was appointed by the Speaker of 
the House, Hon. W. S. Sarig. 
.The inquiring attitude of the Leg- 
islature was not, however, confined to 
lormal investigations. Public hearings 
^ere held on dozens of bills by com- 
mittees of both houses. While that 
practice is not rare, it was much more 
prevalent at the session than usual, 
^nat was true also of conference com- 
ttiittees appointed to iron out differ- 
\T^ intendments to bills in which 
Jf^e House and Senate refused to con- 
^^' However, the general appropria- 
gOn bill, usually consigned to House- 
j.^Jj^te conferees, was approved with 

ttle disagreement without action by 

Conference Committee, 
sin ^^^^^ local government commis- 
^ created, includes five senators 



and five representatives to recommend 
consolidations or other means of re- 
ducing expenses. The act carries an 
appropriation of $10,000. 



SILVER WEDDING CELEBRATED 
AT RAYMONDSKILL VALLEY 

The Silver Wedding Anniversary 
of Pomona Master, H. E. Kleinstuber 
and wife, was elaborately celebrated at 
the regular meeting of Raymondskill 
Valley Grange in Pike County on 
June 22d. Eighty members, including 
friends from Mount Prospect and 
Greeley Granges, made a record at- 
tendance for some time. 

As a token of esteem from her fel- 
low Grangers, Mrs. Kleinstuber was 
given a beautiful bouquet of roses 
arranged in an attractive pottery vase 
which was laden with ten dollars in 
quarters. Master Charles Marvin, ex- 
pressing the felicitations of the 
Matamoras Patrons, presented a half 
dozen sterling silver iced teaspoons. 
Mrs. Kleinstuber was so completely 
surprised that she could hardly find 
words to express her gratitude. 

A most bountiful luncheon was 
served at the close of the meeting. A 
towering wedding cake ornamented 
with silver "beads" and topx)ed with 
a miniature bride and groom graced 
one of the tables. Appropriate decora- 
tions were carried out with flowers, 
silver candlesticks, and favors of 
silver paper containing mints and 
chocolate buds in silver wrappings. 

This was the first occasion of this 
kind ever celebrated by the Ray- 
mondskill Valley Grange so it was 
indeed a recherche affair. 



PENNSYLVANIA farmers trans- 
acted a total business of $34,832,- 
637 through their cooperative buy- 
ing and selling associations in 1934 
as compared with $26,916,946 in 1933, 
according to the annual reports filed 
with the State bureau of markets by 
these organizations. While these as- 
sociations handled a larger volume of 
business in 1934 than in 1933, much 
of the increased value of their 1934 
sales was due to higher prices for 
farm products and farm supplies. 

For example, the milk marketing 
associations handled only five per cent 
more milk but the value of the milk 
handled was 40 per cent higher than 
in 1933. 

Egg marketing groups sold fifty per 
cent more eggSy and livestock associa- 
tions handled sixty per cent more live- 
stock in 1934 than in 1933. Wool 
marketing also showed a slight gain 
but the fruit and vegetable selling or- 
ganizations sold less fruit due to the 
unfavorable season. A slight decrease 
was also shown in the cooperative pur- 
chasing of farm supplies. About two- 
thirds of the supply business is han- 
dled by large associations which do 
business in several states and operate 
feed mills, fertilizer mixing plants, 
and seed cleaning establishments. 



Milk and milk products continue to 
be the most important class of com- 
modities sold by the farmers' associa- 
tions in Pennsylvania. During 1934, 
sales of these products were valued at 
$24,407,764 or 70 per cent of the value 
of all sales made through cooperative 
associations. Farm supplies were sec- 
ond to milk in imi)ortance represent- 
ing 22 per cent of the total coopera- 
tive sales. Other groups ranking as 
named, were fruits and vegetables, 
eggs, livestock and wool. 

The Pennsylvania membership in 
agricultural cooperative associations 
increased 9,643 during 1934, bringing 
the total to 67,953 at the close of the 
year. The local associations gained 
18.1 per cent in membership while the 
large associations operating in more 
than one State reported a gain of 16.2 
per cent in their Pennsylvania mem- 
bership. These reports on membership 
indicates that considerably more than 
one-third of all the farmers in the 
Commonwealth are associated with 
cooperative buying and selling asso- 
ciations. 

The accompanying table gives the 
1934 statistics on sales by cooperative 
associations, with comparisons for 
1933: 



Value and Volume of Commodities Sold by Cooperatives 

1934 1933 



Milk and milk 



Fruits and vegetables 

Livestock . . . ■ 
Woor ....'.. 
Farm supplies 



Sales 
products $24,407,754 



1,448,932 

853,596 

239.114 

90,059 

7,793,182 



ercent 






Percent 




of 






of 




Potal 


Volume 


Sales 


Total 


Volume 


70.07 


588.238 tons 


$17,603,930 


65.40 


560.769 tons 


4.16 


16.274 tons 


2,180,000 


8.10 


16,885 tons 


2.45 


3.349,606 doz. 


546,991 


2.03 


2,298,237 dor. 


0.69 


19.226 head*' 


139,031 


0.52 


11,943 head 


0.26 


329,903 lbs. 


89.936 


0.33 


305.486 lbs. 


22.37 


220,303 tons 


6.357.058 


23.62 


226,326 toiu 



Total $34,832,637 100.00 



$26,916,946 100.00 



• These figures represent about 50 per cent of the wool pooled in this State, the remainder 
being sold by unincorporated associations. 

•• Seventy per cent sheep, remainder chiefly beef and dairy cattle. 



"So you advise me to go and work 
on a farm?" said the tramp at the 
back door. 



Since reading that some genius has 
invented and built a "mechanical 
cow," we suspect we know why the 
steaks we've been getting have been 
so rubbery. 



SINKING VALLEY HAS 

PROGRAM ON SAFETY 

Sinking Valley Grange, No. 484, 
held the regular meeting June 6th, in 
hall at Skelp. A number of member- 
ship applications were handed in at 
this meeting and more reported on 
the way to be acted on next meeting. 

The new degree team is reported 
progressing and will be ready to 
initiate the new members at the 
proper time. The lecturer's hour was 
occupied by a public safety program; 
song No. 79, "Hike Along"; roll call; 
"One Way I Could Prevent Accidents 
On Our Highways," brought many 
useful as well as amusing responses; 
Bruce Williams explained fire depart- 
ment, police and railway signals in 
regard to public safety in a very able 
manner. 

This was followed by a song by three 
young men of the grange — Leroy 
Decker, Robert Lane and Chester 
Foster. They accompanied them- 
selves on instruments and won an en- 
core by their excellent performance. 
A very lively and interesting debate 
on the question, "Resolved, that the 
boy should have a car of his own," 
was handled by Ethel Williams and 
William Dahl on the affirmative and 
Leroy Decker on the negative. Miss 
Alice Musselman was also stated as 
speaker on the negative but as she 
was absent, Mr. Decker handled this 
side of the question very ablv alone. 
The judges, Mrs. T. W. Ellenberger, 
John T. Lotz and V. T. Waite, de- 
cided in favor of the afiirmative. 

"Some Last Words" of persons who 
had no regard for public safety was 
given by Sarah Fisher. The program 



ended by a driving contest by some of 
the ladies of the grange. The first 
race was won by Mrs. Margaret Dahl, 
second by Mrs. Mary Williams. 



COUNTY GRANGE CHOIR 

WINS HONOR IN CONTEST 

The Mercer County Pomona Grange 
choir won honorable mention in the 
state-wide contest for rural singing 
societies held in connection with the 
farmers' field day exercises at State 
College last Thursday. Scores of or- 
ganizations, some of mixed voices and 
others for men and women alone par- 
ticipated. First place went to the 
Tripoli male chorus of Lehigh County, 
last year's winner, which will have 
the honor of singing at the state farm 
show next January. Four other prizes 
were awarded and one other club re- 
ceived honorable mention. 

The Mercer County choir is com- 
posed of the following men and wom- 
en: Mr. and Mrs. Plummer McCul- 
lough, Robert Neal, Walter Taylor, 
Harold Wharton, Mrs. Charles Bax- 
ter, Mrs. Lola McDowell, Carl Huey, 
Norris Rodgers, Mrs. Waley Kelso, 
L. K. Graham, Mrs. Francis Pearson, 
Mrs. Mary McClellan, Miss Isabella 
Osborn, Mrs. Fred Williams, Mrs. 
Emrys Davis. Emrys Davis is the 
leader and Miss Virginia Sanders 
the accompanist. 



Shade trees should be staked the 
first season after planting, and the 
soil pressed down firmly. If this is not 
done the trees will be loosened by wind 
storms and will lean slightly in the 
direction of prevailing winds. 



Page 14 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



July, 1935 



Farming— Finances 

There is a big gap between farm- 
ing a farm and farming finance; both 
are jobs for experts. Farming the 
land is one of the highest of scientific 
professions; it is knowing and deal- 
ing fairly with Nature. Farming 
finance is likewise a scientific profes- 
sion but its success depends mostly 
upon knowing and dealing unfairly 
with Human Nature. Keeping that 
thought in mind, we can pretty well 
understand what is the matter with 
the United States. We can compre- 
hend what is meant by the term "de- 
pression" ; it is a case of farming our 
finances by our expert finance-farmers. 
They made the fatal mistake of think- 
ing that, with possession of the money 
they could control the credits and 
thereby the activities of, and thus 
exact tribute from all the people for 
all time. And for a few years the 
thing worked, bift, like the land- 
farmer who puts neither seed or fer- 
tilizer in the soil, the finance-farmer 
soon learned that he could not harvest 
continuously without sowing good 
seed and fertilizing and cultivating 
his fields, and this he did not do. He 
reaped bountifully for a little while. 



ONLY SLIGHT CHANGE 

IN FARM PRICE LEVEL 

The index of prices paid farmers 
for important farm products gained 
one point in Pennsylvania between 
April 15 and May 15, according to 
the Federal-State Crop Reporting 
Service. The farm price level for the 
entire country declined three points 
during this same period. 

The price of milk cows continued 
upward, the average on May 15 being 
$62.00 per head. This is almost $10.00 
above the pre-war average for the cor- 
responding date. Other products to 
show some gain during the month 
were eggs, chickens, horses, beef cat- 
tle, apples, potatoes, buckwheat and 
corn. 

The May 15 average prices with 
April and pre-war comparisons, fol- 
low: 

May 
Commodity 1910-']4 

Wheat per bu $1 . 00 

Corn per bu ] [72 

Oats per bu ] * ] * 5 j 

Barley per bu ......'.'.'.'.'.'. !69 

Rye per bu 79 

Buckwheat per bu 7I 

Potatoes per bu 7g 

Hay per ton 17.15 

l!02 
7.94 
6.60 
7.74 
■> . 14 
7.10 
52.22 
00 



heaped and hoarded until possession 
and control of all the finance-seed was 
obtained, to be doled out from one 
central storehouse under the dicta- 
tion of one toll-taking, self-consti- 
tuted, credit dispenser. And here the 
plan of the finance-farmer began to 
show its weakness; he had harvested 
without planting, too long; he could 
no longer collect tolls, so he locked up 
the seed-bins and waited, and still 
waits ! The great United States farm, 
with its hundred and thirty million 
tenants could not be managed and 
financed by one supervisor or owner; 
the Creator never contemplated that 
kind of life for the human family. 
The United States was not made that 
way; it cannot be run that way! 

The thing we call depression is 
merely the result of mismanaged 
finance; we builded a vast producing 
and distribution system unequalled in 
all the world, but it failed for lack of 
a sound and stable financial system to 
support it properly, nor can it be re- 
built until a sound and stable financial 
system is provided to do it on. That 
is not apparent in the immediate 
offing; the same banks, the same 
bankers and the same practices with 
fifty different sets of laws will not do 
it; finance-farmers brought on the 
present troubles and, with the same 
system, it will be hard for them to 
get the country out of trouble no 
matter how much they might try. De- 
fective fiscal system caused the wreck- 
age of our production and distribu- 
tion system; instead of being limited 
to its proper function of supplying 
cash and credit for keeping the vast 
economic machine oiled and in smooth 
running order, it was allowed to be- 
come the owner as well as manager 
of it, a position entirely beyond and 
outside of its proper sphere. 

The hundred millions of land farm- 
ers and their army of industrial 
working associates pretty well under- 
stand this finance-farming story; 
much to their distress and detriment 
— and with their experiences over the 
past six years in seeking for a little 
cash or credit to carry on, they do 



not look forward with confidence or 
much hope, that finance-farmers will 
reform either themselves or the sys- 
tem. That is for the land-farmers 
and industrial workers to do, if ever 
done, and it will be by voting only 
for statej^men instead of politicians 
for Congress. M. I. Mc. 



Apples per bu. 

Hogs per 100 lbs 

Beef cattle per 100 lbs. 
Veal calves per 100 lbs 

Sheep per 100 lbs 

Lambs per 100 lbs. . . . 
Milk cows per head . . . 

Horses per head I79 

Mules per head 

Chickens per lb / 

Turkeys per lb 

Milk per 100 lbs. 
Butter per lb. ... 
Butterfat per lb. . 
Eggs per doz. . . . 
Wool per lb 



.140 

• • • • 

1.48 
.28 



.182 
.22 
Pre-war 

base 

100 

100 



FARM PRICE INDEX UNITED STATES 

Grain 

Fruits and vegetables 100 

Meat animals 100 

Dairy products 100 

Chickens and eggs 100 

Unclassified 100 

PENNSYLVANIA '.'.'.'.'.'.'. '.'.'. 100 

Grain '.'.'.'.'.'.'. 100 

Fruits and vegetables JOO 

Meat animals 100 

Dairy products lOo 

Chickens and eggs 100 

Unclassified lOO 

PRICES FAR\fERS PAY 100 

FARMERS ' PURCHASING POWER 

United States lOo 

Pennsylvania '/' 20o 



April 

1935 

$.96 

.84 

.56 

.71 

.73 

.56 

.28 

14.00 

1.15 

8.70 

7.70 

8.30 

4.30 

7. GO 

59.00 

142.00 

146.00 

.180 

.23 

1.95 

.32 

.34 

.209 

.23 



111 

115 
105 
117 
117 
105 

92 
102 
102 

66 
115 
117 

92 

87 
128 



May 

1936 

$.96 

.8.5 

.56 

.71 

.72 

.58 

.30 

13.30 

1.25 

8.60 

7.80 

8.10 

4.10 

7.40 

62.00 

143.00 

129.00 

.185 

.22 

1.95 

.29 

.30 

.233 

.22 



108 
108 

98 
118 
108 
110 

89 
103 
102 

72 
114 
115 
101 

83 
128 



RUNDELLS GRANGE CELE- 
BRATES 60TH ANNIVERSARY 

A noteworthy event was the recent 
sponsoring by Rundells Grange, No. 
871, of the celebration of the sixtieth 
wedding anniversary of Brother and 
Sister James Baker, who have for 
forty-three years been loyal members 
of Kundells Grange. The gathering on 
the evening of June 7th was designed 
principally for the older members of 
the Grange who have been long-time 
friends of Brother and Sister Baker, 
whose sterling characters have en- 
deared them to a host of friends. A 
program had been arranged by Past 
Lecturer Mrs. Donna Smith, and was 
much appreciated. It was inter- 
spersed with singing, mostly from the 
Grange song book used when the hon- 
ored couple first jointed the Grange. 
Outstanding features of the program 
were roll call from a Grange record 
book of thirty years ago; the reading 
of a poem written especially for the 
occasion by our oldest member, Mrs. 
Myra Morris, who is eighty-nine years 
old; another production, mostly in 
verse and composed for the occasion 
by Mrs. Florence Carr and rendered 
by her in a very pleasing and effective 
manner ; and lastly an interesting and 
reminiscent talk by Past Master 
George Nelson, who later made the 
presentation of a purse of money to 
Brother and Sister Baker. 

Kefreshments were served and en- 
joyed because of their excellence. 

The bride and groom's table was 
decorated in pink and green and 
around it were seated a group of 
"seniors," ten in number, whose aver- 
age age was eighty-two years. 

All in all, it was a very happy oc- 
casion and in view of the modern 
tendency to hold the home ties some- 
what loosely, the Grange would be 
using its influence in the right direc- 
tion to make more of these occasions 
of marriage anniversaries among its 
members. We should remember that 
the old saying is true — "The homes of 
the nation are its strongest forts." 



CONSTITUTION REVISION 

Passage of a measure providing fo* 
a convention to rewrite Pennsylvania'^ 
sixty-one-year-old Constitution cul- 
minated a campaign of fifteen years 
Two previous efforts, in the early 
1920s, were rejected by the voters. 

On a special ballot at the September 
17 municipal primaries the people of 
the State, under the new enabling law 
again will decide whether a conven- 
tion to redraft the Constitution shall 
be held. The outcome of this referen- 
dum, political observers agree, is in 
doubt. 

As passed, the Convention Bill was 
written by the Senate Republican ma- 
jority and was accepted at the last 
minute by the Democrats only because 
it appeared no other plan could be 
enacted. Delegates will be elected in 
November if the convention is ap- 
proved in September and meet in De- 
cember. 

The legislators, before sending the 
revision measure to Governor Earle 
for his signature, made sure that the 
convention delegates would not boost 
the State's borrowing capacity beyond 
$50,000,000. The Governor wanted be- 
tween $100,000,000 and $200,000,000. 

The upper chamber forced the elec- 
tion of one delegate in each Senatorial 
district rather than three in each Con- 
gressional district, and ten at large 
by each majority party instead of 
eighteen by the majority and nine by 
the minority party. 



UTILITIES 



87 
80 



84 
80 



JORDAN GRANGE HOLDS 

MEMORIAL SERVICES 

On June 14th, the regular meeting 
of Jordan Grange was held with a 
goodly number present. After the 
business was transacted, the Memorial 
Service was held. The first memorial 
that was ever held since Jordan 
Grange was moved from Ansonville 
to Berwindale, and was in memory of 
all deceased members from that time 
until the present; namely, Harve Mc- 
Neal, Gust Cedarholm, Thomas Lew- 
is, Jr., Harris Strong, Crist Bloom, 
Olaf Ecklund, Sisters Blanche Strong, 
Irene McCord, Laura Witherite, Bell 
Neff, Inez Witherow, Catharine With- 
erow, Annie Curley and Florence 
Zimmerman. Brother Rev. Orvis 
Neff gave a very impressive address. 
The hall was nicely decorated for Flag 
Day. 

Jordan Grange is still growing with 
a membership of near two hundred, 
and busy winning members, and ex- 
pect a class for August. Our able 
Hall Committee are working hard for 
a new Grange Hall. 



Public utilities fared well in the 
session. The Holland Bill to tax real 
estate of utilities slipped in and'out 
of a House committee a dozen times 
and was recommitted for the last time 
by a vote of 103 to 55. It never 
reached the Senate. 

The Patterson Bill to allow Phil- 
adelphia and Pittsburgh to tax meters 
passed the House and died in Senate 
committee. 

The Senate blocked a bill to give 
the Public Service Commission con- 
trol over holding companies and an- 
other creating rural electrification 
authorities with power to use Federal 
funds to acquire and operate electric 
companies. 

The House refused to make the dis- 
tribution of gasoline and oil a public 
utility. 

The Senate buried a measure to 
prohibit utilities from increasing rates 
except with P. S. C. approval. 

Passage of three Authority Bills 
enabling the State to utilize its esti- 
mated $400,000,000 share of the Fed- 
eral $4,800,000,000 works-relief appro- 
priation was agreed to. All other 
authority measures, with the excep- 
tion of the one creating home-ruled 
ones in municipalities, were snowed 
down to defeat. This was particularly 
true of the measures which would 
have hit at utilities. 



If some of us got what we reallv 
deserved, we might know what trouble 
really is. 



EQUAL RIGHTS 

A bill establishing a fine of $100 to 
$500 or a jail sentence of from thirty 
to ninety days for discrimination in 
public places on account of race, creed 
or color was passed by the House, sent 
to the Senate and laid on Governor 
Earle's desk, where it was signed be- 
fore a House Democrat could recall 
the measure. 

This measure becomes effective Sep- 
tember 1st, since the sponsors faile<l 
to insert the usual "due date." 



Five hundred and fifty-two dog 
owners have paid fines for violating 
the Pennsylvania Dog Law during 
the first five months this vear. 



July, 1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 15 



TwroME FROM DAIRY PRODUCTS 
SHOWS SUBSTANTIAL INCREASE 

Cash income realized from the sale 

^milk butterfat and butter by Penn- 
" kania farmers in 1934 was $14 - 
393 000 greater than in 1933, accord- 
. 'to estimates of the United States 
Senartment of Agriculture. The 1934 
total was $86,800,000 compared to 
$72,407,000 the year previous. 

Milk produced on farms in the 
Commonwealth last year amounted to 
4495 million pounds of which 413 
million pounds were used as milk or 
cream on farms where produced, 349 
million pounds were utilized for mak- 
ing butter on farms, 108 million 
pounds were fed to calves, 187 million 
pounds were skimmed or separated for 
sale of butterfat, 740 million pounds 
were retailed as milk or cream by pro- 
ducers, and 2,698 million pounds were 
wholesaled. Pennsylvania producers 
retailed forty per cent more milk and 
cream than is retailed by producers 
of any other State. 

Slightly more milk was produced 
in 1934, more dairy products were 
utilized on farms where produced, less 
milk was used in making butter on 
farms, more milk was separated on 
farms for sale of butterfat, and more 
milk was retailed than in 1933. 

Pennsylvania ranks third among all 
the States in cash income from dairy 
products, being exceeded only by Wis- 
consin and New York. 

The Pennsylvania farm price of 
milk, including both wholesale and 
retail sales, was estimated at $2.26 
per cwt. in 1934 compared to $1.92 per 
cwt. in 1933. These prices are about 
50 per cent higher than the corre- 



sponding averages for the entire coun- 
try. 



CAMBRIA CO. GRANGES 

OPPOSE POTATO ACT 

Cambria County Pomona Grange 
held its quarterly meeting at Buck- 
horn grange hall at Wilmore, June 
15th, E. J. Weise, county master, pre- 
siding. Two sessions were held, morn- 
ing and afternoon, the morning ses- 
sion being devoted to business discus- 
sions and reports of the county 
grange deputies, M. L. Miller and G. 
H. Dumm. An address by Sergeant 
McCartney, representative of the 
state patrol, followed the reports, also 
a vocal solo by J. W. Holsopple, the 
latter of Wilmore. 

State Master J. A. Boak, of New 
Castle, was one of the afternoon 
speakers and talked on fraternalism 
of the grange and benefits derived 
from being a member of the organiza- 
tion. Ira C. Gross, past lecturer of 
the State Grange, also spoke, his sub- 
ject being "Problems of Economy." 
Other speakers were State Deputy 
Stewart, of Indiana County, and State 
Lecturer Mrs. Ira C. Gross, the for- 
mer's subject being "Need of More 
Grange Publicity," and the latter's 
subject being "The Building of a 
Stronger Grange." 

Cambria County Farm Agent, H. 
C. McWilliams, rendered two vocal 
solos during the afternoon session. 

Two resolutions were proposed and 
accepted, the first: "Be it 

Resolved, That we, members of 
Cambria County Pomona Grange, as- 
sembled in session this 15th day of 



Eegolutions? of 3Res;pect 



UDder this heading will be printed resolutions adopted by 
Granges, for which a rate of 2 cents per word will be 
charged, cash to accompany copj 



SNYDER 

Again our heavenly Father has entered 
our midst and called from earthly labor our 
worthy Brother Harry Snyder, of Valley 
Grange, No. 1360 ; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we extend to the bereaved 
family our heartfelt sympathy, and that our 
charter be draped in mourning for thirty 
Mys; that these resolutions be made part 
01 our minutes, a copy sent to the family 
»i"l to the Grange News. 

Ralph Kohler, 
John* David Kilmore, 

Committee. 

BRENNAN 
Whereas, Death has removed from us our 
ever faithful Brother Thomas Brennan ; be 

Resolved, That we, the members of Liberty 
^rners Grange, No. 1618, extend to the 
fri j^^ father, mother, relatives and 
nends our sympathy for their loss, which 
*°yj", '088 also. That we drape our charter 
of th ^^^ days In his memory. That a copy 
famii ** resolutions be sent to the bereaved 
anH ^'J^**- ^^^y ^^ recorded in our minutes 
*"« published in our Grange News. 

F. P. Bud, 

Mrs. I. Morgan Meldy, 

Lena Cummings, 

Committee, 

PHIPPS 

rm^^A^i^' ^^ *" his infinite mercy has 
Phnah! r^u"™ o"r midst our beloved Sister 
•-noebe Phippg ; therefore, be it 

slon to kf*' '^hat wo bow in humble submls- 
be It '° **'^ infinite wisdom ; therefore, 

paney'^f*^' "^^^^ we will sadly miss our de- 
wag aiw '^^'^ '" °"'" Grange work, one who 
(he woru^*#'^"""^ ^° ^^ ^^^ P*''*- ^^ further 
symnnti^l ?' ^^^ order, and we extend our 
E„7/ to the family; and be it 

be sent t ;i. ^^^ * *^°Py °^ these resolutions 
on thn . °® bereaved family, also recorded 
.N'BWa '^■'^"tes and published in Granoe 
Josephine McPherson, 
Nellie G. Stembright, 
Anna L. Mourntc, 

Committee. 

TROUT 

Wit 

to renfoll*^/ ^^ ^^^ pleased the Divine Master 
0. Trout °"^ °"'' midst Brother William 
Orange v ^.^^^rter member of Grlsemore 
^r: hi, ,?• ^'7; an active and loyal mem- 

R t 

'mdIIv ^,f' '^'^^t we extend to the bereaved 
• ""r sincere and heartfelt sympathy, 



drape our charter for thirty days, record 
these resolutions in our minutes, send a copy 
to the family and publish In the Grajjge 
News. Harry Russell, 

r. s. lockhard, 
Ruby Griffith, 

Committee. 

CROMWELL 

Whereas. It has pleased Almighty God, in 
his beneficent mercy, to remove from our 
midst our beloved Brother Arthur D. Crom- 
well ; and 

Whereas. We look back on the numerous 
accomplishments he has made both in agri- 
culture and in education, we wonder, that, 
so much could be done by one so quiet and 
reserved as he ; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That as a past officer of our 
Grange, we drape our charter in his memory 
for sixty days and that we spread a copy 
of these resolutions upon our minutes and 
that a copy be sent to Sister Cromwell and 
also to our state Grange News. 
Viola Barton, 
Jane Brin^on. 
Charles C. Rankin. 

Committee. 

PERCY 

Whereas, Last evening, June 5, 1935, 
our Divine Master, in his wise providence, 
called home our esteemed Brother Walter S. 
Percy, the Worthy Lecturer, of Smlthfield 
Grange. No. 214. It was on motion : 

Resolved, That we tender our heartfelt 
sympathy to his wife and family, in their 
bereavement, drape our charter for a period 
of thirty days, in his memory, and enter 
this resolution in full, in our minutes ; also, 
send a copy to the family, and to the Grange 
News for publication. 

A. Welles Wood. 
Ernest O. Gerould, 
Arthur Kniffin, 

Committee. 

DOTJTHITT 

Whereas, It has pleased our heavenly 
Father to remove from our midst. Sister 
Emma Douthitt ; be it 

Resolved, That we, members of Big Beav- 
er Grange, No. 1578, extend our sincere 
sympathy to the bereaved family, drape our 
charter for thirty days, record these resolu- 
tions in our minutes, and send a copy to the 
family, and publish them in the Grangb 
News. n. O. Howell. 

Esther Kerr. 
A. H. Leslie, 

Committee. 



June, 1935, oppose the enactment into 
a law of house bill No. 7935, known 
as the potato act of 1935. We believe 
this bill to be impractical and opposed 
to the best interests of the Pennsyl- 
vania potato growers. Further, be it 
Resolved, That a copy of this res- 
olution be placed on the minutes and 
copies be sent to our members in con- 
gress, expressing our opposition to this 
bill." 
The second resolution: "Be it 
Resolved, That we, members of the 
Cambria County Pomona Grange, as- 
sembled June 15, 1935, do hereby ex- 
press our appreciation to Buckhorn 
Grange, No. 1119, for courtesy and 
entertainment extended to Cambria 
Pomona Grange." 



SULLIVAN COUNTY 

POMONA NO. 62 

Sullivan County Pomona Grange 
met with Cherry Grange on June 1st 
with a large delegation from every 
Grange in the county. 

The morning session was opened in 
the Fifth Degree, with Pomona Mas- 
ter C. J. Yonkin presiding. 

Fred G. Karge, Master of Cherry 
Grange, gave the address of welcome. 
Foster Meyers, of Davidson Grange, 
gave the response. Committees were 
appointed and other business was 
taken care of in the morning session. 

At 1 : 30, group singing was led by 
J. Walter Learn. Memorial services 
were held under the direction of the 
chaplain and lecturer. Candles were 
placed on the altar for Otto Behr, W. 
D. Lamerson, Dr. P. G. Biddle, 
Charles Scher and all others that had 
passed to the Great Beyond. Mrs. 
Glen Taylor and J. Walter Learn sang 
fitting solos for the service. 

Miss Cort, County Extension 
Worker, gave a splendid talk on 
"Budget Canning," illustrating with 
figures how many quarts of vegetables, 
etc., it took for one person through- 
out the year. 

Resolutions were passed opposing 
increase of gasoline tax and two reso- 
lutions were passed concerning the 
completion of two pieces of road in 
Sullivan County. 



CHIPPEWA JUVENILE CONFERS 
HONORARY DEGREE 

The Chippewa Juvenile Grange No. 
112 exemplified the work of their de- 
gree in a very capable manner Tues- 
day evening when they initiated a 
class of forty-four honorary members, 
making a total membership of sixty- 
three honorary members. There are 
thirty-six active members in this busy 
juvenile and a number of applications 
on hand. 

The team is to be congratulated and 
deserve much credit for the interest 
shown in the work, and the earnest- 
ness with which every charge was de- 
livered, no manuals being used, and 
no prompting necessary. 

This is the first time a local Juven- 
ile degree team exemplified the work 
of their order in full form and much 
credit was given to the team for their 
fine performance. 

Miss Alma Fenchel is the Juvenile 
Matron. The team is composed of the 
following members: Master, Glenda 
Crawford; Overseer, Merle Wagoner; 
Lecturer, Donald Wagoner; Chaplain, 
Keith McClain; Steward, George 
Wagoner; Gate Keeper, Albert Har- 
die; Secretary, Wayne Crawford; 
Treasurer, Jack Watson; Assistant 
Steward, Richard Harris; Lady As- 
sistant Steward, Virginia Tullis; 
Ceres, Grace Neely; Pomona, Esther 
Neely; Flora, Mildred Neely. 



_ otirRoof 

nt 1/ cost of ^ 
/2 paint ' 



-A 

Write for Folder telling why leading firms 
in the tropics have adopted RACO, to pro- 
tect their metal roofs under the most severe 
weather conditions. RACO is easily ap- 
plied — permanently watertight — fire resist- 
ing — rust-proof. Choice of beautiful colors. 

Write for Folder and Samples. Dealers wanted. 

Raco Products Co.. Box 251 E. South Orange, N.J. 



Classified Column 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 



LECTURER'S AS8IBTANT — 40 pages of 
ideas, special programs, features and mis- 
cellaneous suggestions. FIFTY PROGRAMS 
— complete programs outlined for the lec- 
turer's hour. Each book, 50c., postpaid. 
Guy B. Horton, Montpelier, Vermont. 



WANTED 



WANXm ase 18 to 50, interested 1» 

^' '^'^ ' '■^^^ qualifying for eligibility 

.,^l\4pW,._ tests for steady U. 8. Oo«- 

*'**^*^**" ertiment Jobs; start $106 

^VOMFN ^^ ^^"^ mouLli, Lu get uur 

^^ v.^A»*«-i*^ Free Questionnaire — fln4 

out what you are eligible for — no obliga 

tions whatever. Write to-day. Instruction 

Bureau, Dept. S67, 8t. Louis, Mo. 

PROSTATE GLAND SUFFERERS — Free 
information regarding treatment from which 
I received amazing relief. No ofcligatlon. 
Nothing to sell. H. H. Eaton, 706 N. 18th 
Street, Harrisburg, Pa. 



FOR SALE 



QUIT TOBACCO EASILY, inexpensively. 
Send address. Thomas Stokes, Mohawk. 
Florida. 



INTRODUCTORY OFFER— Kodak roll de- 
veloped and printed for 20c. Nu Gloss 
Photo Co., Box 590, Scranton, Pa. 

SMOKERS — Save real money buy, direct 
from factory. GOOD-MILD 5c Cigars $1.50 
per box of 50 prepaid. Satisfaction Guar- 
anteed. CosMOPouTB Cigar Co., Dept. P., 
Dallastown, Pa. 



GUARANTEED ONION PLANTS — Rai8« 
large delicious onions. Bermudas, Swe«C 
Spanish. Postpaid: 500 for 70c; 1,000 for 
$1.35. Columbia Plant Co., Columbiana, 
Ohio. 



PLANTS— MILLIONS— June, July delivery. 
CABBAGfc], Goidenacre, Copenhagen, Red, 
Flatdutch, Ballhead. Postpaid 200. 60 ota. 
500, $l.t)0. 1000, $1.50. Express 2500. 
$2.50. 5000. $4.00. 10,000. $7.50. Cauli- 
flower and Celery Postpaid, 100. 50ct8. 250. 
$1.00. 500, $1.50. 1000, $2.75. Critically 
assorted, Moss packed. Guaranteed. Buy 
near home grown. W. J. Myers. R2. Mas- 
silon. Ohio. 



10,000,000 GUARANTEED PLANTS 

Grown from imported seed. Moss packed 
Cabbage. Mangel Beets ; Postpaid : 200. 60c ' 
400. $1.00; 1.000, $1.50. Expressed: 2.000 
$2.00; 5,000. $4.00. Potatoes. Broccbli : 
50, 35c; 100, 55c. Onions, 500, 75c. Catalog. 
Mellinoer Seed Co., North Lima, Ohia. 

GUARANTEED PLANTS — Cabbage. En- 
dive. Kale. Mangel. Collards, Onions, Brus- 
sels Sprouts, Kohlrabi, postpaid; 500, $1 10- 
1.000. $1.45; Expressed: 1.000. $100; 
10.000 $7.50. Catalog. Buckeye Farms. 
Box 541, Youngstown, Ohio. 



LOW PRICE on big Pedigreed Ch<««t'- 
whites. Sows, Boars and Pigs. C F 
Cassfl, Hershey. Pa. 



POULTRY 



CHICKS£''°™ Antigen BWD Tested 

wLu I K ""i'H^^ ^*"«<* ^ocks. Reds. 
White Leghorns $6.50. Order now FREE 

Si'■*;^l^''• Y,i A. Lauver, 239 Kellerville Rd.. 
McAlistervllle, Pa. 



QUALITY CHICKS- White Leghorns, New 
Hampshire Reds. Big egg strains. WrlU 
Nelson's Hatchery, Orove City, Pa. 



FOE SALE 

Registered Jersey Cattle, and Ches- 
ter White Swine. Our dairy herd la 
headed by the sire of the Grand Cham- 
pion Cow of the 1935 Farm Show 
twenty of his daughters. 

J. A. BoAK A Sons, 
New Castle, Pa. 



I 



Page 16 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



July, 1935 




Rural dwellers who do most of their driving in the country, run much less risk of accident than 

city traffic drivers. An automobile accident policy with P. T. F. gives you all the advantages of 

special low rates for living in the country and doing most of your driving on safe country roads. 

Full protection with absolute safety. Assets of the P. T. F. are nearly $1,000,000.00. 

Ask About Our $1700 Automobile Policy 

The new Financial Responsibility Law may cause you to lose your license if you have an accident 
and are not protected. Our policy gives you complete protection, paying lawyers' fees and dam- 
ages. You can't afford to drive your car without it! 



STANDARD AUTO POLICY 

We write a Standard Automobile Policy 
for Public Liability, Property Damage, 
Rre and Theft, and abo furnish cover- 
ing in the United States and Canada, at 
a saving of from 25% to 30%. 



NET GAIN 

Sare with a Company that has made a 
gain of 46.8% in premium writings for the 
first six months of 1934 as compared with 
the same period last year. 



COMPENSATION 

Our Workmen's Compensation Policy 
provides protection for the employer as 
well as the employee at a small additional 
cost and has paid a substantial dividend 
every year since its organization. 



Pennsylvania Threshermen & Farmers Mutual Cas. Ins. Co- 

325-333 South 18th Street Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 

SEE OUR LOCAL AGENT— THERE IS ONE LOCATED NEAR YOU. 



PENNSYLVANIA THRESHERMEN & FARMERS MUTUAL CASUALTY INSURANCE COMPANY 

325-333 South 18th Street, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 

GENTLEMEN: I am inkruUd in \ <^'""^^'"'"'°" '^'""^'""^ - -•• U 

{ Truck or Automobile Insurance 

// is understood that this inquiry is not to obligate me in any way whatsoever. 
Name 



□ 



Address.. 
Business 
Payroll. 



Street and Number 



Qty 



County 



-- Make of Car 



Model 



LI BRARY 

U S DEPT OF AGRICULTWRE 




Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office at Harrisburg Pa., under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 



VOL XXXU 



HARRISBURG, PA., AUGUST, 1935 



No. 5 



Membership Campaign Will 

End on September 30 

Many Subordinate Granges are Initiating 
Large Classes. Attractive Banner 
Given to Each County Winner 



ON JULY 10th, the Worthy Mas- 
ter of the State Grange, J. A. 
Boak, in a letter addressed to 
Grange Secretaries, Deputies and Po- 
mona Masters, called attention to the 
need of renewed efforts in our efforts 
to extend the influence of the Grange 
through increased membership. 

Reports to Grange Headquarters 
show that many Granges have fallen 
in line with the State Master's re- 
quest of February 6th, and are ini- 
tiating substantial classes of candi- 
dates. It is hoped that every subor- 
dinate Grange will do its part and 
initiate a class of new members be- 
fore September 30th. 

"Labor has its sure reward." That 
is demonstrated by the Granges that 
work in a systematic way. We have 
insisted on well planned systematic 
drives and have heard of no failures 
where such plans have been followed. 
The main things for a successful drive 
are: first, a desire; second, plans 
(which includes a definite time) ; and 
third, work. 



We are satisfied that if all Granges 
will follow the plan given that Our 
Goal of 10,000 will be surpassed. 

The Master's letter on this subject, 
follows : 

New Castle, Pa., July 10, 1935. 
Worthy Master and Patrons: 

The National Grange year closed 
on June 30th, and it is very important 
that your reports to the State Grange 
for all quarters, inclusive of June 
30th, be made as soon as possible; 
and at the very latest, September 
10th. We must have a perfect report 
for June and hope that you will com- 
ply with this request. 

At the beginning of the year we 
set our "Goal" at an increase of 10,- 
000 members. While we have done 
well, we are not up to our mark yet. 
We feel much encouraged and if all 
will do their part, we will reach our 
goal. 

In our letter to you of February 
6th, we outlined plans for member- 
ship campaigns. Many Granges have 



followed these plans and all have pro- 
duced satisfactory results. We are 
satisfied that what some have done, 
others can do. 

Our National Master, Brother L. J. 
Taber, has asked that all Granges ob- 
serve "Booster Night" on September 
30th. I hope we may all do so, but I 
hope we will not wait until that date 
to get the "Booster Spirit." Begin 
now. 

Make your plans during July for 
your membership drive, have your 
drive early in August, and initiate in 
full form in September. One of the 
best ideas for a Booster Meeting is 
to finish initiating a large class of 
candidates on Booster Night. 

There are many reasons why peo- 
ple should join the Grange: 

1. Because of its high moral stand- 
ing. 

2. For the service it has rendered 
to society. 

3. For the service it can render, if 
it just has the support it deserves. 

In our last Legislature the Grange 
saved millions of dollars to the farm- 
ers of Pennsylvania; but if the 
Grange had had the support it de- 
served, the service would have been 
far greater. Unfortunately, because 
of selfish reasons, some few in our 
ranks did not agree with the policies 
of the State Grange; yet it is grati- 
fying to know that the policies of the 
Pennsylvania State Grange are as 
(Concluded on page 6.) 



Amusement Tax 
Covers Wide Scope 

All sports where an admission is 
charged, club dues, musicals, circuses, 
carnivals, dances, theatres, operas, 
and even the small amusement ma- 
chines at parks are taxable. The rate 
is one cent for each 25 cents or frac- 
tion. 

Tax exempt entertainments include 
those held for the benefit of religious, 
educational or charitable institutions 
or organizations or societies for pre- 
vention of cruelty to children or ani- 
mals, or for support of symphony or- 
chestras. County fairs or agricultural 
exhibits also are exempted. 

Permits must be obtained from the 
Department of Revenue at a fee of $1 
by operators of both permanent and 
temporary amusements, regardless if 
the admission price is taxable. To 
illustrate, if a church holds a festival 
or picnic its receipts will not be taxed 
if the church is the sole beneficiary 
but a permit will be required. 

The golfer who runs afoul of a trap 
on the links may enjoy but a few 
laughs but he also will pay. An addi- 
tional cent for each 25 cents of his 
greens fee will be required. The same 
rate will be applied to the dues of 
clubs, whether they be golf, tennis or 
social. 

A dinner or liquor at a night club 
(Concluded on page 6.) 




Unionville and Dayton Grange Band and Orchestra 



Page 2 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



^"8u»t, 1935 




Grange Automobile Insurance 

LOW COST 



COUNTRY WIDE CLAIM SERVICE 

Patrons Save 35 % to 60 % from Prices charged by Commercial Companies 
Liability, Property Damage, Collision, Fire, Theft and/ or Tornado 

Best's Rating Bureau Gives Your Company Their Highest Rating ot 

^^ EXCELLENT 



FULL STANDARD POLICIES 



A+ 



Agents Wanted 

Desirable Territory 
Open 



OVER 20,000 PATRONS INSURED 

Yes! I do believe in sound protection, desire to materially reduce the cost of automobile 

insurance and wish to boost a Grange project. 
^tihout any tbliiation you may quoU the premium to insure my car. 



Name of Vehicle 
Type of Body 



Model Serie« 
Year Batlt 



No. 
Cyl. 



Month and Year 
Parchaned a* new 



Type of Vehicle 
PleaM Cbecic 



LI Pri»ate FaMcncer 
LJ Commercial Track-Tonnace. 



n Farm Truck 
Uae 



My automobile is principally garaged and used in Township of _. 

and County of My present policy expires 

I am a member of „ Gxzxi^f^ Noi^ 

S''??^-"™ - Occupation 

Mail Address _ 

Street or RFD Town or Cit^ 



State 



ADAMS COUNTY 

Edfsr W. Wean«r. Gattysborg 

ARMSTRONG COUNTY 

Ciu-l if. Marahall, Daytoa 

Jamas E. Farster, Kittannhic, R. D. N«. 1 

BEAVER COUNTY 

Armour R. Mullan, Rochastar 
Glenn Devitt, Hookstown 
Ralph S. McClain, Beaver Falls 

BEDFORD and BLAIR COUNTIES 

V. Ross Nicodemus, Martlasbwc 

BERKS COUNTY 

Calvin R. Ba«enstosa. MohrsTlll« 

BRADFORD COUNTY 

Joab K. Mahood, Columbia Cr«M Ea^a 
H. J. Ganfloff, New Albanr 
W. J. Newell, Wellsburf, N. Y. 
Lcroy Race, Wyalusinc 

BUCKS COUNTY 

Harry N. C. Cbubb, DoylastewB 

BUTLER COUNTY 

Geo. C. Schweinsberg, Butler 
Dwight Cruicksbank, Valanela 

CAMBRIA COUNTY 

Stanton J. Evans. Ebensburg, R. D. N«. S 
H. M. Mohler, Carrolltown 
Catherine M. Skelley, Wilmora 

C. T. Settlemycr, Wilmora 

CARBON COUNTY 

Russell H. Snyder, Palmerton 

CENTER AND CLINTON COUNTIES 

D. W. Miles. State College, P. O. Bn 9M 

CHESTER and DELAWARE COUNTIEB 

Earia G. Reltar, Glenmore 

James E. Brown, Nottingham 

Charles W. Davis, West Cbastar, R. D. N*. ■ 

CLARION COUNTY 

Geo. E. Henry, New Betbiabaa 

CLEARFIELD COUNTY 

J. Walter Hamer, West Decatw 
Wm. A. Hipps, Curwensville 

COLUMBIA COUNTY 

Wayda G. Robbins, MilMlla 
Elmar E. Shultz, Benton 
Rea Croop, Briar Creek 
Daisy R. LeVan, Cataw1ss« 

CRAWFORD COUNTY 

Howard D. Amy, Townvilla 
Wilbur S. Dannlnfton. MaadwlUa 
Walter R. Tucker CambHdca Sprlaca 
Walter Connick, ConneantvlUa 
Nawhi R. Dickson, Corry 
Walter A. Miles, Tltasvllia 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY 

H. Glenn Smith, Shippensburc 

ELK COUNTY 

Wm. B. Stels. RIdfway 

Arthur Hunt, 320 Elk Ave.. Jobnsonbnrc 



SAVE MONEY 

Grange Representative Help You Reduce Your Insurance Costs 

DDTD r^/^WTVTTr-v 



ERIE COUNTY 

Cbas. D. Cook, Girard 

Lester V. Evans, East SprlnaHald 

H. D. Whitney. Corry 

N. W. Couse, North East 

FAYETTE COUNTY 

John T. Smith, Uniontown 

C. Clarence Laub, Markleysburf 

John B. Truxel, Mt. Pleasant 

FRANKLIN COUNTY 

Victor H. Myers, Wajmasbora 

J. Stanley Foust, Chambersborc, R. D. No. 1 

John T. Ruhl, St. Thomas 

GREENE COUNTY 

J. E. Graham, Waynasbnri 

HUNTINGDON COUNTY 

Chas. L. Goss, Alexandria 

INDIANA COUNTY 

C. Lynn Furmann, Home 
Irvin N. Barr, Commodora 

JEFFERSON COUNTY 

Vern E. Carr, Punxsutawnay 
Harry E. McGary, BrookviUe 
Mai7 J. Baufbman, SummervlUa 

E. C. Doverspike, Timblin 
J. L Allshouse, BrookviUe 

JUNIATA COUNTY 

Ben J. E. Groninger, Port Royal 

LACKAWANNA COUNTY 

T. M. Kresfe, Falls 

Geo. E. Ames, Gouldsboro 

LANCASTER COUNTY 

EUwood W. Btuber, Lincoln 

LAWRENCE COUNTY 

J. Francis Boak, New Castle 
Ed. W. Munn. LowelMlla. Ohio 

LEBANON COUNTY 

. B^?S^tJ- Bowman, 118 E. Penn Ave., Cleona 

LEHIGH COUNTY 

John J. Marcks, WescoesvUla 

LUZERNE COUNTY 

Harry M. Line, Shickshlnny 

LYCOMING COUNTY 

F. Cleatus Robbins, Muncy Vallay 
W. Arthur Willlts, Linden 

McKEAN COUNTY 

Raymond Peterson, Kana 

MERCER COUNTY 

Harry H. Fry, Greenvllla 

David F. Talt, Mercer 

Edrar H. Conner, Grove CHy 

MONROE COUNTY 

Henry C. Hoffman, BrodboadswIlU 

MONTGOMERY COUNTTT 

Marcus S. Barrett, LlalloU 



MONTOUR COUNTY 

Jamas H. Hartman, Daavtllo 

NORTHAMPTON COUNTY 

John H. Borger, Nortbamptoa, R. D. No. 2 

NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY 

Stewart R. Wartmaa, Wataoatown 

Oscar L. Drumm, Sunbury, R. F. D. No. 1 

Cbas. H. Marsh, Milton 

POTTER COUNTY 

V "^J> r JSpp^'^I' Shhi«Uha«aa 

Lioyd A. Tyler, Coudersport, R. F. D. No. 

SCHUYLKILL COUNTY 

Russel C. Teter, BamaavUla 

SOMERSET COUNTY 

J. B. W. Stufft, Ralnbtea 
X^*?! 5- Glessner, barUa 
W. M. G. Day, Rockwood 

SULLIVAN COUNTY 

Carl J. Yonkin, Dnshora 

SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY 

Clark N. Bush, SprlnrvUla 
Minnion N. HalL Montrosa 
Vern A. Plew, Thompsoa 

TIOGA COUNTY 

R*^ iS- Campbell. Wallsbara 

E. B. Dorsett, Mansfield 

Ira C. Luce, Westfiald 

Lee N. Gilbert, Jackson SvmMit 

VENANGO COUNTY 

O. N. Moore, Emientoa 

Leo S. Bumpus, Cooparatawa 

Grover P. Brown, Utica 

WARREN COUNTY 

Ralph L. Samuelson. Ganaral laaarmaa*. 
Sugar Grove ^ 

WASHINGTON COUNTY 

"^^i'-^-^^^J^ribButh, Wayaaabarc. 

K. D. No. 2 
Ransom M. Day, Wasblaatoa 

WAYNE COUNTY 

C. L. HIghhouse. Honaadala 
Wm. A. Avery. Honaadala 

WESTMORELAND COUNTY 

George A. Riser, Bradenville 
John B. Truxel, Mt. Pleasant 

WYOMING COUNTY 

Tracy R. Gregory, Daltoa 
Arthur J. Davis, Nosaa 

YORK COUNTY 

Arthur N. Bowman, Haaowar 
Otto L. Spahr, DlUsbarg 

UNION COUNTY ""'•"'"'• ^"- "'"•"' 

Stewart R. Wertman, Watsaatawa 
Chas. H. Marsh, Milton 



6 



-- -^_^__ -__,__,_ v,n«8. n. Marsn, MUton 

NATIONAL GRANGE MUTUAL LIABILITY COMPANY 

RRurH nrnpr q ,k * n-*-"^ °^^n F/??.'^'- ^^^ional grange insurance company) 

BRANCH OFFICE: Southeastern Division. 513-514 Mechanics Trust BIdg.. HARRISBURG. P*. HOME OFFICE: KEENE NEW HAMPSHIRE 

■*■■*- — ■-- — ^ 




September Primary Most Important in Years 



IK ACCORDANCE with an Act of 
Assembly of the 1935 Session, a 
referendum on the question of a 
Constitutional Convention will be 
submitted to the people of Pennsyl- 
vania, at the State-wide Primary 



Election 
1935 



to be held September 17, 



If a Convention be authorized, dele- 
gates to the Convention will be elected 
at the General Election in November, 
1936. The Convention will consist of 
seventy delegates, fifty to be elected 
from the Senatorial districts, on the 
basis of one delegate to a district, and 
twenty delegates who shall be elected 
from the Commonwealth at large. 

Conventions composed of members 
of the State Committee for the nomi- 
nation of delegates-at-large and dis- 
trict conventions composed of mem- 
bers of the County Committees of the 
Senatorial districts for the nomina- 
tion of district delegates shall be con- 
vened by the State Chairman of the 
respective State Committees of the 
political parties, not later than Octo- 
ber 5, 1935, at times and places desig- 
nated by the chairman. 

If the Convention be authorized, 
the delegates elected shall convene on 
the first Monday in December, 1935, 
in the Hall of the House of Repre- 
sentatives, at Harrisburg, and shall 
organize by electing a president and 
a secretary and such other officers and 
assistants as may be deemed neces- 
sary. 

The Convention shall have power 
to fix the compensation of the secre- 
tary, other officers and assistants. The 
sum of $650,000 has been appropriated 
for Convention expenses and under 
the terms of the Act, each delegate 
will be allowed $1,000 for traveling 
and other expenses. 

The Act of Assembly creating the 
set-up of the Convention is a com- 
promise measure. Both major po- 
litical parties in the 1934 campaign 
favored a Constitutional Convention, 
but neither advocated this plan. The 
Grange is opposed to a Constitutional 
Convention as proposed. 

Voters Defeat Two Conventions 

The demand for a new Constitution 
^as carried to the voters of the State 
twice before; in 1891, this same ques- 
tion was submitted to the people of 
the State, and the proposal was de- 
JMted by a majority of nearly 250,- 

Again, in 1921, the call for a Con- 
stitutional Convention was rejected. 
Ihe Constitution proposed at that 
time was drafted by a Commission on 
Constitutional Amendments, and the 
aovocates of the Convention pictured 
their proposal as a cure for all our 
Pohtical and economic ills. 

Ihe Grange contended at that time 
j^nat many of the reforms advocated 

y those who favored revision can be 
^ecured just as easily without a con- 

ention. The proposal was defeated 
/ ^he voters of Pennsylvania by more 
^g^an 100,000 majority and Governor 
' Proul, whose administration favored 
^^^ P^opo^al, with the Pennsylvania 
; ate Grange leading the opposition, 
l^f."^»ienting on the outcome of the 
e'ection, well said :— 

Ihe result shows the natural con- 
^'■^9*^sm of the people of Pennsyl- 

OorLi't ^'^^ fundamentals of the old 
i^tution are sound, and as it was 

am '^^"^^ °^ '^^ ^^'^^^"^ ^h^ch needed 
quZ'^^' *^^ settlement of the 
,, J '^on may not have an unfavora- 
®'« result." 



Grave Objections to Constitutional Con- 
vention Warrant Rejection of the 
Whole Proposition 



posed to a revision of the Constitu- 
tion. At a joint meeting of the Ex- 
ecutive and Legislative Committees, 
in line with the general Grange pol- 
icy, the proposed revision was studied 
both from the standpoint of the ena- 
bling Act and the reasons given for 
revision by those proposing the Con- 
vention. 

Reasons for Opposition 

Grange opposition is based in part 
upon the following declarations: 

'First, The time is not favorable for 
deliberate judgment on so important 
a matter. Distress, unrest, partisan- 
ship and uncertainty are everywhere 
present and these distempers could 
not fail to be reflected in the work of 
a Constitutional Convention. 

The State Constitution contains 
the fundamental principles of gov- 
ernment. Its object is not to grant 
legislative power but to confine and 
restrain it. Without the constitution- 
al limitation, the power of the Legis- 
lature to make laws would be absolute. 
The rights of life, liberty, property, 
reputation and happiness depend upon 
the limitations in the Constitution. 
In times of great economic and po- 
litical unrest, as now, farmers, home 
owners and other citizens should hesi- 
tate before granting further powers 
to our State Legislature and State 
government. 

Second, The election of delegates 
by Senatorial districts does not give 
rural districts and localities of the 
State as direct and complete repre- 
sentation as could have been secured 
by legislative districts. 

The election of delegates by Sena- 
torial districts, rather than by legisla- 
tive districts, as advocated by the 
Grange Committees, January 28th, 
1935, leaves little hope of gaining rep- 
resentation in the Convention for 
rural districts since the larger towns 
and cities will have greater control in 
the election of delegates. The argu- 
ment used against making the legisla- 



tive districts the unit of representa- 
tion was that this would result in so 
large a Convention as to make it un- 
wieldly, since it would have called as 
many delegates to the Convention as 
there are members of the lower house 
of the Legislature. A sufficient an- 
swer to this is, that there are 258 
members in the House and Senate 
combined, and if it be proper to have 
that many men to frame our statu- 
tory law, there could be no overcrowd- 
ing in calling fifty less to make our 
Constitutional Law. 

Eural Districts Slighted 

Our House of Representatives is 
composed of 208 members, with at 
least one ftiember from each county 
in the State. The result of this is 
that the people of each county have 
a voice and are considered in legis- 
lation. If this be wise in the framing 
of legislation, is it not equally ad- 
visable that in the setting up of a 
Constitution, providing for funda- 
mental principles, the people of each 
county should likewise have one dele- 
gate in the Convention? If our rural 
people will view their Senatorial dis- 
tricts and consider the many counties 
contained, (in one case as high as 
five), it will be realized that one dele- 
gate from such a district will not be 
sufficiently close and responsive to the 
people. 

The converse of this should also be 
considered. The County of Philadel- 
phia will have eight delegates to the 
Convention, based on Senatorial dis- 
tricts, with the probability of several 
others to be elected at large. The 
County of Allegheny, in which is the 
City of Pittsburgh, will have six dele- 
gates with the probability of others 
to be elected at large. Thus, it will 
be seen that in all probability the two 
big cities will have too great control 
in the Convention under the proposed 
plan. 

Third, The appointment of twenty 
delegates by political committees, and 



K^ 



^^^ as in 1921, the Grange is op- 



Five Reasons for Opposition 

to Constitutional Convention 

First — The time is not favorable for deliberate judg- 
ment on so important a matter* Distress, unrestt partisan- 
ship and uncertainty are everywhere present and these 
distempers could not fail to be reflected in the work of a 
Constitutional Convention. 

Second — The election of delegates by Senatorial districts 
does not give rural districts and localities of the State as 
direct and complete representation as could have been 
secured by legislative districts. 

Third — The appointment of twenty delegates by polit- 
ical committees, and the holding of meetings of the several 
State and County Committees to name delegatest is not in 
accord with a truly representative government. 

Fourth — The proposal to increase the borrowing capac- 
ity of the Commonwealth from $1,000,000 to $50,000,000 
is unwise and not necessary. The Grange, both State and 
National, has always advocated a **Pay-As-You-Go*' 
policy and economy in government. 

Fifth — The proposed selection of delegates is purely 
partisan. A Constitutional Convention should be composed 
of delegates selected because of fitness rather than party 
allegiance. 



the holding of meetings of the several 
State and County Committees to 
name delegates, is not in accord with 
a truly representative government. 
The objections to the plan are: 

(1) It will give greater represen- 
tation to certain districts than to 
others as heretofore pointed out; 
! (2) It will place in the Convention 
delegates not directly responsible to 
the people; they will be more respon- 
sible to the political organizations 
which name them. 

(3) The nomination of these dele- 
gates will be made by members of 
Statp and County Committees orig- 
inally^ elected for partisan purposes. 
These committeemen were elected 
long before the idea of their being 
called upon to name delegates to an 
important body like a Constitutional 
Convention was even thought of. If 
the people are not to nominate, and 
the nominations are to be made by 
conventions, such conventions should 
be composed of men specially selected 
in each voting district for that pur- 
pose. This proposal is far away from 
truly representative government. 

Members of the Constitutional Con- 
vention are not only lawmakers, but 
super-lawmakers. They should be 
chosen by the people, from the peo- 
ple and represent the people in their 
deliberations. Therefore, delegates to 
a Constitutional Convention should 
be nominated and elected in legisla- 
tive districts in non-partisan elec- 
tions. 

Ignores "Pay-As- You-Go" Plan 

Fourth, The proposal to increase the 
borrowing capacity of the Common- 
wealth from $1,000,000 to $50,000,000 
is unwise and is not necessary. The 
Grange answer is that both the State 
and National Grange have always ad- 
vocated a "Pay-as-you-go" policy and 
economy in government. 

Furthermore, the Legislature at its 
last session passed a law permitting 
the State to borrow money in antici- 
pation of the payment of taxes. The 
constitutionality of this law has been 
upheld by the State Supreme Court. 

The public press recently announced 
that the fiscal officers of the Com- 
monwealth were preparing to borrow 
$50,000,000 under this authority. This 
would seem to remove the necessity 
of a Convention for this purpose. 

Still further, we call the attention 
of the people to the fact that enlarged 
borrowing powers means larger ex- 
penses of government. Unless new 
sources of revenue are discovered, still 
greater State revenues must go for 
interest and sinking funds on the in- 
creased indebtedness. 

This means less appropriations for 
schools and other local purposes and 
may result in the demand, if we now 
have a Constitutional Convention, for 
a State tax on real estate. 

It should be remembered, also, that 
in the debate in the Legislature, it 
was argued that the attempt in the 
enabling Act to limit the borrowing 
capacity to $50,000,000 was meaning- 
less. 

Fifth, The proposed selection of 
delegates is purely partisan. A Con- 
stitutional Convention should be com- 
posed of delegates selected because of 
fitness rather than party allegiance. 

The proposed plan for a Convention 
calls for the nomination and election 
of delegates by party machinery. This 
means that this most important ques- 
tion becomes the football of partisan 
politics. *' 

It is only natural to conclude that 



Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



August, 1935 



delegates named by any political 
party, owe their allegiance to the 
party that named them and that they 
cannot act freely and independently. 
Delegates to a Constitutional Conven- 
tion should be the most outstanding 
citizens of Pennsylvania, selected in 
legislative districts by the people who 
know them best. 

This can be done only by non-parti- 
san nomination and election. Such 
delegates should be composed not only 
of men and women learned in the 
law, but of those of ripe judgment 
and practical experience, who will be 
found among the varied occupations 
and industries in the State. Ordi- 
narily political leaders do not observe 
these standards in making such selec- 
tions. 

Plan State Tax on Real Estate 

In conclusion, we wish to point out 
that those favoring a Convention have 
stated, among others, the following 



subjects of change: Enlarging powers 
to the State government which will 
mean increased costs to taxpayers; 
changing our criminal laws; abolish- 
ing grand juries; changing forms of 
courts; direct State tax on real es- 
tate; enabling the Governor to suc- 
ceed himself without reducing the 
term of office; greater authority to 
bureaus and departments; limitation 
of rights of local self-government; 
permission of the State, despite the 
limitations in the law calling the Con- 
vention, to borrow hundreds of mil- 
lions of dollars; power to the Legisla- 
ture to levy any taxes it sees fit. 

We submit that our present Con- 
stitution, as it has been amended from 
time to time, is a good Constitution. 
Any further necessary changes can be 
made by further amendments. 

In the holding of a Convention, at 
this time, the farmer, the laborer, and 
the home owner has little to gain but 
much to lose. 



Is the Constitution Adaptable 

to Modern Conditions? 



By Hon. Harry F. Byrd 



Radio address by Hon. Harry F. 
Byrd, U. 8. Senator from Virginia, 
over stations of the National Broad- 
casting Company, from Washington, 
D. C, under the auspices of the Na- 
tional Grange, Saturday, July 20, 1935. 

AT WILLIAMSBURG in Virginia 
i a very wise man wrote the Bill of 
Rights which is now a part of the 
constitution of nearly every State of 
the Union. George Mason in this doc- 
ument for the preservation of liberty 
said: "No free government or the 
blessings of liberty can be preserved to 
any people but by firm adherence to 
justice, moderation, temperance, fru- 
gality and virtue, and by frequont re- 
currence to fundamental principles." 
These truths, my friends, are just as 
valid to-day as when George Mason 
uttered them, and their application 
offers the only sure road to happiness 
and success. There is no substitute 
for industry and hard work if we as a 
nation or as individuals are to con- 
tinue our forward march of progress. 
The economic law that what you spend 
you must pay has existed since the be- 
ginning of time. In my opinion, the 
way to permanent prosperity is the 
difficult path of economy and efficiency 
in government ; the balancing of bud- 
gets of states and the nation. The Y>eo- 
ple must be encouraged to go the way 
of independence, industry, economy 
and self reliance. Business is ready 
to resume its forward march, I believe, 
once it can be assured that the cur- 
rency will remain sound, that the bud- 
get will be balanced in a reasonable 
time, and that economy and efficiency 
will inspire the government. 

The solution of our present day 
problems would be somewhat simpli- 
fied if we as a nation realize that pros- 
perity cannot be returned to us by the 
sole and simple expedient of passing 
a law by Conpress ; some laws may be 
helpful, but we cannot legislate pros- 
perity merely by a decree of the gov- 
ernment, for as the people form the 
government our progress as a nation 
must ultimately come from the efforts 
of our citizens in their respective avo- 
cations and business enterprises. I 
want to emphasize that we are depend- 
ing too much on our government to do 
the things we should do for ourselves 
— expecting a magic wand to be waved 
and a panacea put in operation and 
immediately to see the clouds of the 
depression fade away before the sun- 
shine of prosperity. 



Certain measures of relief and re- 
form of existing evils must be under- 
taken by the government in this time 
of crisis, but the danger is that emer- 
gency measures will soon become per- 
manent and the eventual prosperity of 
the country retarded rather than pro- 
moted. 

I am asked to speak on the subject, 
"Is Our Constitution Adaptable to 
Modern Conditions?" 

George Washington, the greatest 
American, believed that the choice was 
between the Constitution and utter 
confusion, and although silent as he 
was as a speaker, his great figure and 
known opinion stood a tower of 
strength to guide and support those 
who battled in debate to lay firm the 
foundations of an effective union. 

Many men belieev that this Consti- 
tution made possible and promoted and 
preserved most of the prosperity and 
happiness that has come, under the 
kind providence of God, to the Amer- 
ican people. And the reasons for this 
belief are plain to those of us, like my- 
self, who are not lawyers and who are 
not concerned by the technicalities of 
the law. The Constitution together 
with the Bill of Rights, protects those 
rights which Thomas Jefferson called 
inalienable, and the enjoyment of 
which is necessary to our pride and 
self respect, as well as to our happiness 
and prosperity. In simple language 
one may say that the Constitution pro- 
tects your individual freedom and 
your individual property and your 
right to have home tribunals pass upon 
those matters which most intimately 
affect you. 

The founders of our Republic had 
learned from history and experience 
that the rights of the individual are 
more securely safeguarded if the laws 
which govern us are made and ad- 
ministered so far as possible by home 
legislatures and courts. Then too, in 
a country so vast and diversified as 
this, a central government may not un- 
derstand and effectively meet all the 
local problems peculiar to the several 
sections and whose needs vary greatly 
one from the other. 

Men of equally good intentions can- 
not always agree upon the proper 
boundaries of the rights of the states ; 
cannot take a map and mark where the 
jurisdiction of the Federal Govern- 
ment begins and the jurisdiction of 
the State Government ends. Yet re- 
( Concluded on page 15.) 



NATION'S DEFICIT TOTAL 

IS FAIRLY STAGGERING 

Figures made public by the United 
States Treasury at the end of the fis- 
cal year, on June 30th, show that the 
deficit for the past year amounts to 
$3,575,000,000. 

The cumulative deficit for the past 
five years is $14,663,000,000, of which 
$9,246,000,000 has been rolled up by 
the present administration. Since 
President Roosevelt was inaugurated, 
the government has collected $8,097,- 
000,000 and has spent $17,343,000. 

When the depression set in the na- 
tional debt had been reduced from its 
war-time peak of approximately $26,- 
000,000,000 to $16,000,000,000. At the 
end of the fiscal year the national debt 
had increased to $28,700,000,000. 

It is interesting to note that during 
the first 125 years of our existence as 
a nation, from 1789 to 1913, the total 
expenditures of the Federal govern- 
ment amounted to only $24,000,000r 
000 in round figures. On the basis of 
appropriations already made for the 
year, upon which we have just 
launched, the cost of conducting the 
national government for the fiscal 
years of 1934, 1935 and 1936 will 
reach the same figure, $24,000,000,000. 



FEWER CATTLE ON FEED 

Corn Belt cattle feeding has been 
sharply reduced this year. There are 
little more than half the number of 
animals on feed this time a year ago, 
although the distribution of animals 
varies as to different States. Figures 
by the Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 
nomics range from a decrease of 80 
per cent from a year ago in Kansas 
to an increase of 15 per cent in In- 
diana. 

Feeding in Ohio is 5 per cent more 
this year than last but reductions are 
shown in all other Corn Belt States, 
including Illinois, Michigan, Wiscon- 
sin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, South 



Dakota, and Nebraska. The averaffe 
reduction for the Corn Belt group jo 
46 per cent. 

The Bureau reports a decrease from 
last year in the proportion of heavy, 
weights, an increase in the proportion 
of medium-weights, and a decrease in 
light-weight steers and calves. Rg^,. 
ords of shipments from 4 leading 
markets during the last 6 months of 
1934 indicate that "a much larger pro- 
portion of light-weight cattle shipped 
in this year were not put on feed but 
are being roughed through the win- 
ter." 



STICKING TO BASIC TRUTHS 



Grange Stands By the Ideals of Its 
Early Founders 

In seeking the reasons for the re- 
markable Grange growth in the 
United States, one cannot escape the 
conclusion that it has been due large- 
ly to adherence to fundamental 
things, during a period when mosit 
tendencies are in a less stable direc- 
tion. For example, the Grange has 
"hewed to the line'' in carrying out 
this stern declaration of its original 
platform, adopted 60 years ago. In a 
few concise sentences the basis of the 
Grange structure is revealed: 

For our business interests we desire 
to bring producers and consumers, 
farmers and manufacturers, into the 
most direct and friendly relations 
possible. Hence, we must dispense 
with a surplus of middlemen, not that 
we are unfriendly to them, but we do 
not need them. Their surplus and 
their exactions diminish our profits. 

We wage no aggressive warfare 
against any other interests whatever. 
On the contrary, all our acts, and all 
our efforts, so far as business is con- 
cerned, are not only for the benefit 
of the producer and consumer, but 
also for all other interests that tend 
to bring these two parties into speedy 
and economical contact. 



Pennsylvania State Grange 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY 

PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 

Grange Seals |5.00 

Digest .60 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, per set of 9 .' 3.00 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, single copy ..^. .40 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 ... 4.00 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy .35 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 3.25 

Constitution and By-Laws .10 

Degree Work, First' 4 degrees bv Dr. Rankin .50 

Fifth Degree Floor Work, by Dr. Rankin .. .50 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony 15 

Song Books, ''The Patron," board covers, clotli, singie copy or less than 

half dozen .60 

per dozen ' ' ' g.oo 

per half dozen .. 3-00 

Dues Account Book .75 

Secretary 's Record Book .60 

Labor Savings Minute Book 2.75 

Treasurer 's Account Book .60 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange to Pomona, per hundred .75 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 25 .70 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 100 2.75 

Roll Book '.'.'.'.'.'.'. .75 

Application Blanks, per hundred .45 

Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred .50 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty -25 

Notice of Arrearage, per liundred -40 

Notice of Suspension, per hundred .40 

Secretary 's Receipts, per hundred 40 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred .30 

Treasurer 's Receipts ] .30 

Trade Cards, per hundred ..............', 50 

Demit Cards, each . . . 01 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer WTiitehead) l^ 

Grange Cook Books, each .75 

Grange Radiator Emblems ■'....................'. -50 

n.^y" -Sl^^Q "^ ?"^' "^ *^'' ''^^'"'''^ supplies, the cash must always accompany the 
order The Secretary is not authorized to open accounts. 

Remittances should be made by Postal Money Orders, Checks, or Registered 
i^etter. Orders for supplies must bear the Seal of the Grange for which ordered- 

By order of Executive Committee, 

John H. Light, Secretary. 



Aug«»*» 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 



Constitutional Convention Plan 

Defeated By the Grange 



For many years the Grange has 
heen the recognized spokesman of the 
rural people of Pennsylvania in legis- 
lative affairs. It has been the mili- 
tant defender of the rights of the 
farm people of the State, and it has 
consistently championed the cause of 
good government. 

The influence of the Grange as a 
leader of thought in State affairs was 
never better demonstrated than in the 
successful fight which our organiza- 
tion waged in 1921 to prevent the 
calling of a Constitutional Conven- 
tion under conditions which the 
Grange considered prejudicial to the 
rit'hts of the people and the welfare 
of the State as a whole. 

Attitude of Grange Leaders 

Soon after the close of the World 
War, there was a certain amount of 
agitation in favor of calling a Con- 
stitutional Convention in Pennsyl- 
vania with a view to re-writing and 
modernizing our fundamental law. 
Worthy Master John A. McSparran, 
Past Master William T. Creasy, and 
other leaders of the Grange had an 
open mind on this question, but want- 
ed to be sure that any plan which 
might be submitted for the holding of 
the convention should make provision 
for proper representation of the rural 
districts in the allotment of delegates. 

Acting upon the recommendations 
of a commission of twenty-five which 
he had appointed to study the ques- 
tion during the first year of his ad- 
ministration. Governor Sproul had a 
bill introduced at the next session of 
the Legislature submitting to the peo- 
ple of the State the question as to 
whether or not a Constitutional Con- 
vention should be held. 

This measure, which was presented 
by the late Senator Crow, of Fayette 
County, contained many objectionable 
features. Among other things, the 
plan called for the election of dele- 
gates by Congressional districts, in- 
stead of Legislative districts, as ad- 
vocated by the Grange. If this plan 
had been adopted, most of the dele- 
gates to the convention would have 
been elected by the towns and cities 
of the State, leaving the rural dis- 
tricts with little or no representation. 

Draft Eliminated Safegpiards 

Under the plan outlined in the 
Crow Bill, the convention, had it been 
authorized, would have been compelled 
to consider the draft submitted by 
the Commission on Constitutional 
Amendment and Revision, to which 
reference has already been made. This 
draft eliminated some of the most im- 
portant safeguards of the present 
Constitution, but contained very lit- 
tle new or progressive thought, not 
jven a provision for a graduated in- 
heritance tax. 

It w'onld be tedious to enumerate in 
^Ptail all the objectionable features 
contained in the plan embodied in 
the bill. The most objectionable fea- 
ture of all, however, was a provision 
calling for the appointment of 25 dele- 
&ates-at-large bv the Government out 
°* a total of 133. 

At a hearing before a Senate com- 
JJiittee, the Grange registered its op- 
P'J^ition to the objectionable features 
^nich have been indicated and asked 
Jj^at the bill be redrafted to remove 
jem. A few minor concessions were 
^«jle, but the bill passed both houses 
Jid was sijrned bv the Governor sub- 
stantially as introduced. 



./v> 



for the Grange to fight the objectiona- 
ble features of the plan than to oppose 
the holding of the convention itself. 
During the campaign preceding the 
November election, the Grange used 
all the facilities at its command to 
enlighten the people of the whole 
State regarding the issues involved. 

The proposal that the Governor be 
authorized to apoint 25 delegates to 
the convention could only be defend- 
ed on the ground that the people had 
lost the capacity for self-government, 
the Grange contended. 

An Unprecedented Proposal 

Such an arrangement would have 
been unprecedented in the history of 
any American state. While there is 
no objection on the part of the peo- 
ple to the appointment of minor ad- 
ministrative officers in any unit of 
government, the Grange strongly con- 
tended that when it came to the se- 
lection of actual law-makers, the peo- 
ple themselves would have to attend 
to that. 

Members of a constitutional con- 
vention, the Grange argued, are not 
only lawmakers, but super lawmak- 
ers, since the law contained in our 
constitutions is both the highest and 
most enduring form of law we have. 

The State Administration threw 
the whole weight of its influence be- 
hind the move for the convention. 
The specter of bad roads was paraded 
before the people, and it was asserted 
that if the convention were not au- 
thorized, the good roads movement in 
the State would be retarded indefinite- 
ly. Philadelphia declared that the 
provisions in the Constitution regard- 
ing the borrowing capacity of the city 
would have to be liberalized and ex- 
tended or it would be impossible to 
finance the Sesqui-Centennial cele- 
bration. 

Defeated at the Polls 

A great deal of similar propaganda 
was disseminated throughout the 
State. But when the votes were count- 
ed at the November election, the pro- 
posal for the holding of a Constitu- 
tional Convention was rejected by 
more than 100,000 majority. 

The Grange was the leader in this 
movement to protect the rights of the 
people and to uphold the dignity of 
the individual citizen. 

The Pennsylvania Federation of 
Labor and a number of other power- 
ful organizations supported the posi- 
tion of the Grange, contributing their 
share toward the defeat of a proposal 
which, however well intended by its 
sponsors, was highly objectionable in 
many ways, besides being contrary to 
the long-established American princi- 
ple that the i^eople shall rule. 
Reprint, June, 1934. 



BLUE LAWS 



Aft 



er that there was no other way count. 



The State's Blue Laws were shat- 
tered badly again. A local option 
measure on Sunday movies was ap- 
proved; the time for Sunday football 
and baseball was extended by two 
hours, and bills for Sunday tennis 
were passed. In addition, clubs were 
given the rights to sell beer and whis- 
ky on Sunday. 

Baseball, tennis and polo all will be 
affected during July, while Sunday 
movies will be legally possible in 
Pennsylvania about the second or 
third Sabbath in November, accord- 
ing to the speed of the election ballot 






HOW THEY USE 
THE TELEPHONE 



• , It / 



'^'m 



i 



A Kansas farmer has wheat to sell. He 
telephones Kansas City for prices. 

An Iowa farmer who sells his hogs 
in Chicago calls to find out the price 
before he ships, that way avoiding a 
weak market. 

A farm woman near Columbia, 
Missouri, sells dressed chickens by tele- 
phone. She finds it an easy way to 
locate customers. 

A Kentucky farmer needs the help of 
a neighbor in the hay field. He uses the 
telephone. It saves him a trip. 

Innumerable are the ways the telephone makea 
itself useful every day on the farm, it helps 
find the market where you can sell to best 
advantage. It sends the word around when 
there is something doing in the community. 
It is always ready to summon the 
doctor or veterinarian in time of 
emergency. Its value on the farm 
can hardly be measured in dollars 
and cents. 

BELL TELEPHONE SYSTEM 



» 



LIST COUNTIES THAT 

LEAD IN AGRICULTURE 

A study of estimates for crop pro- 
duction in each county of the State 
during 1934, and for livestock on 
farms, January 1, 1935, shows the 
following eleven counties taking first 
place in one or more enterprises for 
which statistics are compiled, accord- 
ing to the Pennsylvania Department 
of Agriculture: 

Adams led in apple production. 

Berks took first place in production 
of barley, rye, and pears. 

Bradford led in buckwheat produc- 
tion, in number of hives of bees, in 
honey produced, and in number of 
silos on farms. 

Erie topped the list in grape grow- 
ing. 

Frnnklin had the biggest peach crop 
of any county. 

Greene led the list in number of 
sheep and in wool production. 

Lancaster took the lion's share of 
first places, leading in corn, wheat, 
hay and tobacco production ; in num- 
ber of horses, milk cows and swine on 
farms; in amount of milk produced; 
in fertilizer used ; in number of auto- 
mobiles, motor trucks, tractors, tele- 



phones and radios on farms; and in 
number of farms having electricity. 

Lehigh led in potato production. 

Somerset County had the largest 
oats crop. 

Westmoreland took first place in 
amount of lime used by farmers. 

York came at the top of the list in 
number of mules, in amount of butter 
made on farms, in number of chick- 
ens, and in egg production. 



VACATION DAYS 

Vacation Days are essential to right 
living and right thinking. People 
who have worked on their nerves so 
long, without proper rest and sleep, 
that their nerves are eternally tired, 
should stop, look and listen. There 
is growth in quiet. There is sanctu- 
ary in rest. Only rested minds can 
render calm decisions. It is necessary 
to balance one's mind, as well as one's 
budget. The world is so wide awake 
and restless that we need summertime 
to relax, and for repose which only 
rest can bring. 



shoes, 



Goofus — "If you stood in my 8tio< 
what would you do?" 

Rufus — "I'd give them a shine." 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 6 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



August, 1935 



Among the Granges 



Activities of the Order in Various Localities 



K 



TIOGA COUNTY GRANGE PICNIC 

As the culmination of a series of 
Neighborhood Night Meetings, Tioga 
County will hold their Grange picnic 
on Thursday, August 29th, in Smythe 
Park, at Mansfield. 

Brothers Charles M. Gardner, High 
Priest of Demeter, will be the speaker 
and nftv.Granger in Tioga County or 
any adjoining county can afford to 
toiss hearing hijjk. Every Granger 
who can is urged to attend for all day. 

There will be a parade in which 
every Grange anji Juvenile Grange is 
to take part. Last year we had over 
one hundred cars and floats and it is 
hope to exceed this in number and 
beauty this year. There will also be 
a ball game between two Grange 
teams, . 

Lunch may be secured on the 
grounds or you may bring your own. 
^ There will be prizes given for many 
different features. Longest direct dis- 
tance traveled, largest Grange family, 
oldest Grange member in yeara of 
membership, also in age, largest per- 
centage of members present, and 
many others that have not as yet been 
decided upon. 

It is hoped to exceed the 3,000 at- 
tendance of last year and I hope we 
may have many more States and 
Counties represented. Last year every 
Grange in Tioga County was repre- 
sented, and we ask them this year to 
increase the number in attendance. 

Every Granger in our State and 
others are invited and we hope you 
will make an effort to come and hear 
Brother Gardner. E. S. 



dale Farm. Plans were made for a 
visit to the North Sewickley Grange 
meeting Friday evening, when the 
Chippewa group will present the lit- 
erary program. 

Following the transaction . of rou- 
tine business the members of the 
Grange enjoyed a literary program. 



TEN GRANGES UNITE IN 
SPLENDID PROGRAM MEET 

HELD AT EIGHTYFOUR 



the Indians used to come and boil 
down the water to get their salt. 
Then to ascend up the winding path 
to the falls or beautiful cascades leap- 
ing over irregular ledges of rocks and 
gathering at intervals in basins clear 
as the purest crystals. 

All seventh degree members who 
missed this picnic missed a wonderful 
treat. Hope they will join us another 
year. 

Hope to see this published in the 
Pennsylvania Grange News. 

Mrs. Ray Tyler, Sec. 

Skinners Eddy, R. D. No. 1, Pa. 



GRANGERS PICNIC 

A GRAND SUCCESS 



GRANGERS TO PAY VISIT 

TO NIXON TWP. 

The third meeting of the tour of 
Granges of Butler County was held 
at West Winfield Grange Hall on July 
8th, with the West Winfield Grange 
as hosts. Many members from the 
different Granges of Butler County 
were in attendance, and the speaker 
was T. Earl Boliver, superintendent 
of schools in Butler Township, and a 
former resident of Zelienople. He 
had for his subject, "Betterment of 
Rural Homes," and gave a fine talk. 
Mrs. William Weckerly was in charge 
of the program. The fourth meeting 
in the tour was at Nixon Township 
high school building on July 16th, 
and the Royal Grange was host. Of- 
ficers of Jefferson Grange filled the 
chairs at this time. Members of Jack- 
son Grange filled the chairs at the 
meeting held at Worth Grange Hall. 

The tour was planned by the Po- 
mona to promote friendship and good 
fellowship among the Granges of the 
county, and for the members of the 
various Granges of the county to get 
acquainted. The tour started the first 
of July and will continue for some 
time. 



One of a series of neighborhood 
Grange meetings was held July 14th, 
at Eightyfour, with nearly 200 mem- 
bers from ten Granges present. The 
Davis and Eureka Granges were hosts 
of the evening and the officers of the 
Pawnee Grange who occupied the 
chairs, took their places with a pleas- 
ing and well executed drill for which 
they deserve much praise. 

The Buffalo Grange using "Peace" 
for the subject of the evening, carried 
out a well-balanced program. Virgil 
Hutchison gave an excellent talk, tell- 
ing of the good that could have been 
derived from the money spent for the 
World War. Several selections were 
played by the Buffalo orchestra. 
Elizabeth Frye and Leathe Mitchell 
sang a duet and a trumpet solo was 
played by Harry McKee. 

A playlet entitled, "Mars Meets 
Three Mothers," was very cleverly 
presented by Harry McKee, Mrs. Wil- 
liam Dunn, Mrs. John Boone, and 
Miss Harriet Winters. A one-act 
play, "The Weight of Flesh," illus- 
trating domestic peace, was given by 
Albert Flack, Susan Scott, Vincent 
McKee, Florence Gorby and Irene 
Frye. 

At the close of the program the 
hostess Granges served a bountiful 
lunch to the 200 members and their 
families. The evening was a decided 
success both educationally and from 
a social standpoint. The visiting 
Granges were Prosperity, Gretna, 
Ginger Hill, North Strabane, Chest- 
nut Ridge and Fallowfield. 



CHIPPEWA GRANGE CONVENES 

Forty-eight members of the Chip- 
pewa Grange were present at the 
meeting of the group held on Tues- 
day evening, July 8th, at the Grange 
hall with John Elder, Master, presid- 
ing. During the evening announce- 
ment was made that the organization 
had won the prize of five dollars of- 
fered for having the largest percent- 
age of attendance at the district 
Grange picnic held recently at Trees- 



SEVENTH DEGREE PICNIC HELD 
BY SUSQUEHANNA POMONA 

The third meeting of the seventh 
degree picnic was held at the home 
of Phillip Wheaton, Salt Springs, 
June 15, 1935. About 111 present, in- 
cluding members and their families 
and enjoyed picnic dinner. This pic- 
nic was made a permanent organiza- 
tion. 

The President, Hugh Hartt, called 
a business meeting and the following 
officers for next year were elected: 
Pres., Ray Tyler, South Auburn 
Grange; Lecturer, Hazel Reimel, 
Springville Grange; sec, Hilda 
Plum, Thompson Grange; treas., 
Fred Brant, East Great Bend Grange. 

The Lecturers' program follows : 

Song — America. 

Every one repeat Lord's Prayer. 

Talk by Phillip Wheaton. 

Legend of Susquehanna County by 
Gertrude Wheaton. 

Talk — Grange Spirit — Walter 
Hoppe. 

Song— Blessed Be the Tie That 
Binds. 

(A rising vote of thanks was given 
Mr. and Mrs. Wheaton for their fine 
hospitality.) 

Some of the great interests were 
to see the bubbling salt spring where 



The Grangers picnic and traveling 
gavel held by the Pomona Granges of 
District No. 3, consisting of the Po- 
mona Granges of Perry, York, Frank- 
lin, Fulton, Huntingdon and Juniata 
Counties, was held in Speer's Grove 
in the Concord Narrows, July 6th, 
and was a grand success in every way 
despite the inclement weather in the 
morning. 

The program began about 10 o'clock 
in charge of W. D. Keemer, Master 
of Juniata County Pomona, No. 35, 
and after a few introductory remarks 
and singing, Perry County Pomona 
presented the traveling gavel to York 
County Pomona, who immediately 
presented the same to Franklin Coun- 
ty Pomona. Franklin then presented 
the gavel to Fulton County Pomona. 
At the close of this presentation the 
meeting adjourned for dinner, at 
which time a basket dinner including 
coffee and ice cream was served to all. 
At 1 : 30 p. m., the meeting was 
again called to order and Fulton 
County Pomona presented the gavel 
to Huntingdon County Pomona and 
they in turn presented it to Juniata 
County Pomona in whose keeping the 
gavel will remain until some time in 
August or early September, when it 
will be presented to northern Montour 
and Union County Pomonas at an- 
other district meeting at Rolling 
Green Park. 

Harry Caton, Secretary of the Na- 
tional Grange, then delivered a very 
interesting and instructive address, 
after which J. A. Boak, Master of 
Pennsylvania State Grange made the 
closing address. 

Mrs. Ira C. Gross, Lecturer of 
Pennsylvania State Grange was also 
present and made a short address. 

The program of the day was closed 
by the entire assemblage singing "God 
Be with You Till We Meet Again." 

The program in the afternoon was 
interspersed with delightful music by 
the Milford Grange Band under the 
able leadership of the veteran band- 
master, Jacob Suloff. Their selections 
were exceptionally well rendered and 
!{,\^^^^^ appreciated by all present, 
ihis IS a musical organization of 
which Juniata County can feel justly 
proud and should receive the support 
of the county at large. 

The attendance at the picnic was 
variously estimated at from 1,500 to 
2,000 and Grangers were presented 
trom ten or twelve different counties 

^^ Jl^u- ^*®*® ^"^ ^"® ^^^^ *^e State 
of Ohio. This was the first meeting 
of this kind ever held in this section 
of the State and was so much enjoyed 
by all present that we hope it may be- 
come an annual event. 



AMUSEMENT TAX 

COVERS WIDE SCOH 
(Concluded from page 1.) 
also will come in for some more "shell 
ing out." If the strains provoked bv 
a few musicians comprise the sole d 
version, the patron escapes the tax 
But if a singer takes the floor or « 
dance number is unfolded while he j; 
eating, a tax of one cent for each 25 
cents of 20 per cent of his check wJH 
be added. 

If a club holds a dance for only its 
members no tax must be paid. Bm 
if nonmembers are admitted for a 
price, all who attend must pay the 
tax. 

In general, the amusement tax jg 
applied to entertainments where the 
profits or part of them revert to in- 
dividuals. 

The tax must be paid on or before 
the tenth of each month and the first 
returns will reach the Revenue De- 
partment by August 10th, covering 
the last ten days of this month. 

Although the law requires that per- 
mits must be had immediately, de- 
partment oflScials indicated that be- 
cause of a delay in mailing out appli- 
cation blanks they will be satisfied if 
the registrations are obtained several 
days late. Permits will be issued as 
soon as the blanks are returned with 
the $1 fee. 



MEMBERSHIP CAMPAIGN 

WILL END ON SEPTEMBER 30 

(Concluded from page 1.) 
sound today as ever and we expect all 
members to support them loyally. 

I am enclosing a letter from the 
Manager of the Keystone Grange Ex- 
change, relative to selling gasoline to 
our members. Any member who owns 
an automobile should save many times 
his dues by buying gasoline through 
our Exchange. 

Hoping we can make this a banner 
year, I am 

Fraternally yours, 

J. A. Boak, Master. 

THE STATE GRANGE MEETING 

The annual session of the Pennsyl- 
vania State Grange will be held at 
New Castle, Lawrence County, in De- 
cember. The Executive Committee of 
the State Grange made this decision 
after visiting other cities that had 
offered to entertain the delegates. 



GET THE FACTS 

ABOUT THIS SPECIAL 

GRANGERS POLICY 



^ Keep window curtains from blow- 
ing out open windows by sewing snaps 
to each of the lower corners of the 
hem, underneath, and sew their fas- 
teners to the curtains about six inches 
from the top. Snap them together to 
raise the curtain above the lower sash. 



FREE— No obligation— full information 
on this special policy to give you and 
your family exactly the kind of protec- 
tion you need most. A 23 payment 
■emi - endowment policy that paya yo" 

• lump caah sum . . . and alao raiarvei 
for your beneficiaries whatever amount 
you wish. 

Here is an ideal policy — planned e«p»- 
cially for Grange members . . . backed by 

• company that has contributed regularly 
to the support of Grange activitiea . • • 
sold, in most communities, by Grang* 

members. Writm ua today to find out hoW 
to makm your Crmngm a prizm winner in tht 
Grangm Lifm InMurancm program for 193S. 

AGENTS: We seek connection with pro- 
gressive agents in a few good territories 
•till open. Our representative will 
be glad to discuss details. 

GRANGE LIFE 
INSURANCE 

FARMERS & TRADERS 
LIFE INSURANCE CO. 

Room 421- N 
Sta/e Tower Bldg. Syracuse, N. Y. 



/august 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 7 





The Lecturers Corner 

1Cb8. Iia 0. QmoBS, State L&ctwrer 



August 1 



month when corn 



irrows, grapes ripen, flowers reach the 
high peak of riotous color, golden rod 
and purple aster line the roadsides. 
The hum of busy insects, the song of 
happy birds, the delicious warmth of 
the sun, all combine to make us feel 
that, although August is one of the 
busiest months of the year, yet is it 
a happy, busy month. There is a 
poem from the Japanese that seems 
to fit these days. 

Lark of the Summer Morning 

I love to lie in the clover, 
With the lark like a speck in the 
sky. 
While its small, sweet throat runneth 
over 
With praise it sendeth on high. 

lark of the summer morning, 
Teach, teach me the song that you 

sing, 

1 would learn without lightness or 

scorning, 
To give praise for every good thing. 

lark of the summer morning! 

Give, give me of praying the key. 
And I'll learn without lightness or 
scorning. 

As I did at my mother^s knee. 



During these busy, growing days, 
somehow we see more clearly the sig- 
nificance of the guiding principles of 
the Grange. What are some of these ? 
Religion, for one. Not creed, but re- 
ligion, — the guiding principle that 
makes faith, hope and charity a firm 
foundation upon which to build char- 
acter and life. This is the principle 
which guides the Grange in urging 
peace and good will among nations, so 
that the flower of the manhood of the 
world will never again be wasted in 
war. It is the principle that prompts 
08 to reaffirm our demand to take the 
profits out of war. It is the principle 
that guides our stand on prohibition, 
exploitation of child labor, decency in 
motion picture films. If rural Amer- 
ica, through the Grange, holds fast to 
this as one of its guiding principles, 
we need not fear that any group or 
faction or dictator will burn churches, 
as did the Soviets in Russia, or 
Bibles, as did the Nazis in Germany. 

A second guiding principle of the 
Grange is love of liberty. We believe 
in the right to be self-supporting, 
rather, do we believe it to be a privi- 
lege. We believe in the right to ac- 
quire a reasonable amount of prop- 
erty by honest effort; to be self-re- 
hant, and thus keep our self-respect. 
Hence we frown upon all proposals 
that would seek to rob us of our lib- 
erty to achieve through individual ef- 
fort and self-reliance, and we encour- 
age those things that would teach us 
to think and act so that we may con- 
stantly aspire to higher levels through 
flonest labor. The very fact that we 
cherish this freedom, makes us have 
*n abiding respect for the government 
which we believe to be the one where 
greatest opportunity and individual 
i^'eedom exists — that is, government 
"y and for the people. True, there 
^^"6 great offenses committed in the 
^ame of government, but the Grange 
?^8 a splendid opportunity for serv- 
ice here, to train an intelligent elec- 
torate that will become militant and 
aggressive enough to destroy these 
^^^ces to good government. 

^e would call attention to a few, 
tamely, excessive cost of government ; 



patronage system in office; the in- 
creasing scandal of corrupt lobbies; 
inefficient public officials. The Grange 
could be a powerful force in direct- 
ing the light of publicity on these 
evils and in moulding a public opin- 
ion that would not tolerate them. It 
is true that the Grange has always 
kept aloof from partisan politics, and 
this is wise; for the day the Grange 
participates in partisan politics, that 
day marks the end of the Grange's 
power for good. But, this need not 
keep us from being an informed or- 
ganization, familiar with both sides 
of all important questions. It need 
not prohibit our listening to and 
questioning all who would aspire to 
lead us in government, and then de- 
ciding for ourselves. When Grange 
members have all the facts in their 
possession, they can be trusted to act 
wisely and well. 

The third guiding principle that 
we would note is Fidelity — Fidelity to 
our best selves; Fidelity to our 
pledges; Fidelity to our trust as 
members of this great Farm Frater- 
nity. Are we faithful to the purposes 
of the Grange? Have we been sincere 
in loyalty to its program? Do we 
back up its policy to the best of our 
ability? For, in just the degree that 
we are faithful to our pledges and 
our policies within our Order, can we 
go forth and demand Fidelity to 
pledges in government, in industry, 
in education. In the coming weeks 
various issues are going to challenge 
the Pennsylvania Granges to blaze a 
trail in clear thinking and in aggres- 
sive action in accordance with this 
thinking. In the light of the prin- 
ciples that have always guided us — 
Religion, Love of Liberty, Fidelity — 
we can surely forge ahead to greater 
usefulness and broader service. 
Fraternally submitted, 

Mrs. Ira C. Gross. 



Significant Thought: 

All revisions heretofore have been 
to curb and to prohibit, not to 
liberalize. 

Arguments Advanced for a New 
Constitution: 

1. To increase the borrowing power 
of the State from one million to 
fifty million dollars. 

2. There must be a new Constitu- 
tion on account of the Relief 
Question. 

3. Social and other legislation. 

4. The Legislature should have 
more power. 

5. The power of the Governor 
should be increased. 

6. The new Constitution should in- 
clude wider levying powers for 
the Legislature. 

(All the above and many others are 
advanced by those who would have a 
new Constitution.) 



Terms of Senators reduced from 
four to three years. 

Power of appointment of Gov- 
ernor limited. Could still ap- 
point his Secretary of Com- 
monwealth and, with the con- 
sent of the Senate, all the 
judges. 

County officers made elective. 

Fourth Constitution 

One now in effect. 

Went into effect Jan. 1, 1874. 

Reasons for revision: Corrupt 

practices in the legislature 

through bribery for office. 
Improvements: State Treasurer 

became an elective officer, thus 

taking away one great cause of 

scandal and bribery. 
Prohibitions laid upon the Legis- 
lature. 
Curbs to guard the rights of the 

people. 
Modeled upon Constitution of 

United States. 

History Repeats Itself _ 

1921 1935 

Act signed permitting voters to ap- Same, 
prove or disapprove calling of a Con- 
stitutional Convention. 

Act called for delegates to be elected Act calls for delegates to be elected 
from Congressional Districts. from Senatorial Districts. 

Twenty-five delegates-at-large to be Twenty delegates-at-large to be elect- 
appointed by Governor. ed from names presented by State 

Committee of each political party. 

Objectionable feature — rural districts Same, 
not given chance for fair representa- 
tion. 

Grange carried the fight to the peo- Grange will again carry fight to the 
pie in September, 1921. Won. Primary on September 17th. 

Mrs. Ira C. Gross, 
Pa. State Orange. 



SUGGESTED PROGRAM ON 

CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION 

History : 

First Constitution 

Went into effect Nov. 1, 1776. 

Features : One body — called Gen- 
eral Assembly — members elect- 
ed annually. Supreme Execu- 
tive Council — one member 
from each county and one from 
City of Philadelphia. Presi- 
dent of this council was head 
of the State. 

Defects: Had but a single legis- 
lative body. 

Second Constitution 

Adopted in 1790. 

New features and improvements: 
A Senate added to the old As- 
sembly, which now became the 
House of Representatives. 

A Governor provided for, to be 
elected every third year. 

Thomas Mifflin first Governor. 
Had power to appoint judges 
and county officers. Power be- 
came great. 

Pennsylvania first State, through 
this Constitution, to do away 
with the practice of requiring 
voters to be owners of some 
definite amount of property. 

Defects: Too much power of ap- 
pointment given to Governor. 

Third Constitution 

Accepted by people in October, 
1838. 



INTERESTING ITEMS FROM 

THE LECTURERS' FIELD 

Washington County has inaugu- 
rated its series of Pomona Neighbor 
Night Meetings. July 2d, a meeting 
was held at Amity Grange, when 
Prosperity Grange filled the Officers' 
chairs, and Claysville Grange fur- 
nished the program built around the 
theme ''Patriotism." July 9th, Davis 
and Eureka Granges were hosts to 
Pawnee and Buffalo Granges, where 
Pawnee Officers filled the chairs and 
Buffalo Grange furnished the program 
on the subject of Peace. 



Under the auspices of the Pomona 
Grange, with a committee chair- 
maned by the Pomona Lecturer, Mrs. 
R. H. McDougall, Butler County is 
sponsoring something new in Grange 
pioneering. This is a county tour for 
the summer, during which every 
Grange in the county will be visited 
by as many patrons as can come from 
all over the county, on dates which 
have been scheduled by the committee 
in charge. What a fine achievement 
the Butler County Pomona Grange 
has set for itself! 



impressed me with the Fidelity of the 
Grange as did this meeting. It waa 
held in a densely wooded grove in a 
big pavilion that had a roof but no 
sides. No words can describe the man- 
ner in which the rain poured on this 
roof. The road leading to the grove 
was muddy and bad. But in spite of 
all this the place was crowded to the 
corners with Grange Patrons who 
considered this meeting so important 
that nothing could keep them from at- 
tending. To my mind this is a posi- 
tive proof that Grange enthusiasm is 
alive and growing. 



When Penns Greek Grange carried 
the Orange Scroll to Monroe Grange 
in Snyder County in July, one hun- 
dred ninety patrons attended this 
meeting. The theme of the program 
as prepared by Penns Creek Grange 
was "The Grange in Peace Educa- 
tion." 



The third of a series of Indian 
Trail meetings sponsored by Hunting- 
don County, was held at the Todd 
Tabernacle on the evening of June 
21st. No other recent meeting has so 



MEMBERS HONORED FOR 

REGULAR ATTENDANE 

At a meeting of Dicksonburg 
Grange, Crawford County, held early 
in the year, an unusual honor was 
bestowed upon the members of the 
Grange who attended every Grange 
meeting in the year 1934. Gold Fourth 
Degree Grange pins were presented 
to Master Roy P. Deeds, Sisters Chloie 
Flaugh, Lola Kimple, Laura Deeds, 
and Brothers Howard Brown and 
William Agnew. Honorable mention 
goes to Sister Anne Agnew, who, due 
to illness missed only one meeting. 
The honored members were all officers 
of the Grange. 

Sister Leonard Ofensend, assisted 
by Brother Leonard Ofensend, both 
Silver Star members, dedicated the 
year 1935 to service as they solemnly 
installed all the officers for this year. 
The annual oyster supper was served 
at very attractive candle-lit tables. 



Rottenstone mixed with oil to a 
creamy paste is one of the best i)ol- 
ishes for household copper, brass, and 
bronze. 



Pages 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



August, 1935 



1 



I 



Pennsylvania Qrange News 



5 cents i copy. 
Vol. XXXII 



Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 

Rooms 426'28, Telegraph Building 

216 Locust St. Hvrlsburg, Pa. 



50 cents a year. 



August, 1935 



No. 5 



FUEMAN GYGEB 
Kimberton, Pa. 



Board of Managers 
J. A. BOAK, President, New Castle, Pa. 

KENZIE S. BAGSHAW CHARLES W. CREASY 
HoUidaysburg, Pa. Catawissa, Pa. 

Editor-in-Chief, J. A. BOAK 

Managing Editor, JOHN H. LIGHT 

426-28 Telegraph BuUding, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Associate Editor, IRA C. GROSS 

- V ^I^VERTISING is accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate line, or $3.50 per Inch. 
Mon Insertion. New York represenUtlve, Norman Co., 34 West 33d Street. 



It is interesting to know that the Grange has been instrumental in helpin 
to develop a higher standard in fairs in many communities. The only reaso 
that the Grange has been able to accomplish such things is because of do 
cooperation. When we find a Grange that cooperates, we find one with pow 
and if that power is directed in the right course, it is a Grange that will 
render service to the community and its future existance is assured. 

Proper leadership and cooperation are very essential in any Grange and 
more time and effort should be used to develop cooperation and in selectin 
leaders. 

Let us see that we have both in the Grange. 

Fraternally, 

J. A. BoAK. 



A NEW STATE GRANGE 

ORGANIZED IN TEXAS 



The Constitution of Pennsylvania 

THE most important matter to be submitted to the voters throughout 
the State at the Primary Election to be held September 17th, is the 

question as to whether or not there shall be a Constitutional Convention. 

Elsewhere in this issue there appears a brief outline of the reasons why 
our organization is opposed to the Convention, and we urge each member of 
the Grange to carefully study the reasons given. If these reasons appeal to 
you, consult with your neighbors and friends and ask them to study the issue. 

Much is being said about a new Constitution for our State, but I think 
we are not doing much thinking with our saying. Many things are to be 
taken into consideration on such an important subject. First, why do we 
want a new Constitution ? Some say because the present one is old. Is that 
a good reason ? Some say because our present one will not allow us to borrow 
enough money. Is that a good reason ? The Grange's policy is "Pay as you 
go." Others claim that our present form of government provides too many 
duplications. Most of our duplications have been made by laws and not by 
our Constitution. 

Some claim that it takes too long to amend it, but is that not a good 
thing? Should we on the spur of the moment tinker with such a vital docu- 
ment as the Constitution of our State? It is natural for us to want some- 
thing new, but we should consider if the new is better than the old or as good. 

This is not a political or partisan question. It is a question that is of 
interest to every taxpayer in the State and should be given serious considera- 
tion by all. Ours is a representative form of government and as such the 
people of our State should give careful consideration to this subject of 
revision of our fundamental law. 

This question should be discussed in every Grange Hall with particular 
attention given to the reasons given for opposing the Revision. A reason 
which might have been added for the defeat of this plan is that of expense. 
The holding of the Convention and the advertising of the Constitution as 
submitted by it, will doubtless cost the amount of $650,000, appropriated by 
the Legislature, for this purpose. J. A. Boak. 




THE 1935 County Fair Season will open on July 12th, with the fair at 
Spring Mill near Conshocken, Pa. The last one on the list as arranged 
at present will be held at Genessee on October 31st to November 2d. 
It seems to us that the duty of the agricultural people is to make these 
county fairs a credit to the community in which they are held. 

The real question is, shall these fairs be agricultural exhibits, or shall the 
emphasis be placed on horse racing or carnivals? Shall they have an elevat- 
ing or degrading effect? Shall their effect be wholesome or demoralizing? 

There are those who contend that a fair must be all agricultural exhibits; 
others want the horse racing, and still others prefer the midway. 

Fair grounds that are equipped with race tracks continue to feature horse 
racing but at no time should races or the midway overshadow the interest 
of the agricultural exhibits and the educational advantages of a county fair. 

Much complaint is heard about the demoralizing effect of the midways, 
sometimes justly. 

Having been a director of a fair for a number of years, and sometimes 
superintendent of the concessions, I am convinced that the midways are 
what the people want and the people are responsible for its standard. I have 
been chagrined to see the class of people that patronize the games of chance, 
questionable amusements, etc. 



Makes Thirty-Five States Now 
Included in National Body 

The latest news from the Grange 
field comes from the great State of 
Texas, in the fact that on Thursday, 
July 11th, in the City of Austin, the 
Texas State Grange will be organized, 
making the 35th state unit added to 
the National Grange body. National 
Master Louis J. Taber, will conduct 
the formal organization program and 
it is expected that every subordinate 
unit in Texas will be represented. Of- 
ficers will be elected and the new state 
organization set actively functioning. 

Six months ago there was not a 
Grange in Texas, and perhaps not a 
member of the organization. The 
new state unit starts with 25 subor- 
dinate branches, five Pomona or dis- 
trict groups, and a strong, active and 
enthusiastic membership. The new 
Granges are located in several coun- 
ties of the state, largely in the north- 
western section, due to the fact that 
Oklahoma has long been a prosperous 
Grange state and the influence of its 
organizations has made itself mani- 
fest in the adjoining sections of 
Texas. 

This makes the third Grange state 
organized within scarcely more than 
a year — Tennessee, Arkansas, and 
Texas; quite a remarkable example 
of expansion in view of the depressed 
conditions usually supposed to be 
prevailing throughout all agricultural 
communities. The Grange seems to 
be able, however, to extend its boun- 
daries, even in such apparently un- 
favorable times. 



$9,035; Bradford, $3,239; Buck, 
$15,621; Butler, $2,697. 

Cambria, $710; Carbon, $483; Cen- 
tre, $9,756; Chester, $49,145; Clar- 
ion, $2,428; Clearfield, $24; Clinton 
$15,998; Columbia, $18,654; Craw' 
ford, $3,849; Cumberland, $61,750; 
Dauphin, $19,529; Delaware, $16,097' 
Elk, $655; Erie, $2,217; Fayette! 
$1,430; Forest, $101; Franklin, $98- 
869; Fulton, $8,350; Greene, $13'. 
856. 

Huntingdon, $11,869; Indiana, $2,- 
284; Jefferson, $4,794; Juniata, $5- 
089; Lancaster, $910,679; Lawrence 
$1,257; Lebanon, $23,144; Lehigh! 
$11,194; Luzerne, $4,540; Lycoming 
$11,681. 

McKean, $8; Mercer, $2,571; Mif- 
flin, $1,724; Monroe, $498; Mont- 
gomery, $32,591 ; Montour, $6,231. 

Northampton, $11,228; Northum- 
berland, $9,716; Perry, $21,450; Pot- 
ter, $432; Schuylkill, $3,677; Sny- 
der, $4,038; Sullivan, $1,719; Sus- 
quehanna, $4,312. 

Tioga, $6,225 ; Union, $14,518; Ve- 
nango, $1,274; Warren, $1,130; Wash- 
ington, $6,243; Westmoreland, $1,- 
483; York, $108,091. 



PAYMENTS IN AAA 

CROP CONTROL 

^Pennsylvania farmers collected $1,- 
676,409 from the AAA crop control 
i)rogram in the year ending June 1st. 

The monthly comptroller's report 
today showed that Administration ex- 
penses raised the total spent in Penn- 
sylvania to $1,916,615. National ex- 
penditures were $767,195,306. 

Tobacco growers in eleven counties 
received $938,022, the largest group 
payment in Pennsylvania. Wheat 
farmers in forty-eight counties were 
paid $237,384 and signers of the corn- 
hog program in fifty-seven counties 
received $501,002. 

Lancaster, its share bolstered by 
$837,379 paid under the tobacco pro- 
gram, received the largest county al- 
location, $910,679. 

Franklin County farmers headed 
the other two classifications, collect- 
ing $41,417 for wheat crop reductions, 
and $57,452 from the corn-hog pro- 
gram. 

Payments to Counties 

Total payments to counties, under 
the three programs: 

Adams, $40,301; Allegheny, $1,520; 
Armstrong, $454; Beaver, $1,837- 
Bedford, $7,381; Berks, $40,170; Blair, 



PATRIOTISM THEME AT 

MEETING LAMAR GRANGE 

A program dealing with patriotism 
was presented July 12th, at the meet- 
ing of Lamar Grange at the Salona 
Grange Hall. Some of the sugges- 
tions offered for patriotism were pay- 
rnent of taxes, obedience to laws, the 
giving of service, which is also the 
law of Christ, and considering the 
course best for the greatest number 
instead of only a few. 

A reading, "Sail On, O Ship of 
State," was given by Gerald Gumrao. 
Mrs. T. C. Kryder, the Lecturer, dis- 
cussed the lives of some of the authors 
of patriotic songs, especially Stephen 
Collins Foster, whose birthday oc- 
curred July 4th. 

Talks on canning were given by the 
ladies, some stating that they cold- 
pack everything while others said that 
they use the cold-pack method for 
some things and not for others. 

A play, "After Supper," expressing 
opposition to war, was given under 
the direction of Miss Mabel Rhine, 
those talking part being Thomas Fox, 
Mary Rice, Charlotte Best, Emily 
Ferree, Charles Ferree, Samuel Kry- 
der, Thomas and Charles Fox and 
Gerald Gummo. 

J. A. Sager gave a talk on famous 
people. A number contest was in 
charge of James Rhine and members 
of the winning side received lollypops- 

The next meeting will be held July 
26th and the topic will be "Pennsyl- 
vania Beauty Spots." Men are lead- 
ing in a contest in which they are 
engaging with the women. 



Mistress — "So your married lif« 
was very unhappy. What was the 
trouble? December wedded to May? 

Chloe Johnson — "Lan' sake, n^, 
mum ! It was Labor Day wedded to 
the Day of Rest I" 



Augu»*» 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 9 



Grange Life In- 
surance 

Increase in New Business 

The new business of our Grange 
Tjfe Insurance Co., the Farmers & 
Traders, of Syracuse, N. Y., increased 
during the first four months of the 
vear 38% ^^®^ *^® corresponding 
months of 1934, whereas the increase 
shown by all Companies for the same 
period was only 21/2%. 

Gains in Surplus and Business 
IN Force 

Impressive gains in surplus and a 
nice increase in business in force in- 
dicate the progress of the Farmers & 
Traders for the first half of 1935. 
Surplus has materially increased each 
month since January 1st. Capital and 
surplus approximate today $750,000. 

Beneficiaries of Life Insurance 

Approximately $900,000,000 was dis- 
tributed to beneficiaries in payment 
of death claims during 1934, while 
during the same period $1,800,000,000 
was paid to living policyholders. In- 
surance payments during 1934 
amounted to almost twice as much as 
the Federal and State Governments 
spent for relief. 

Honor Roll 

The name of every Grange in which 
three new policies are placed on the 
lives of members will appear on the 
honor roll to be exhibited at the State 
Grange meeting next December. If 
your Grange has not so qualified, a 
committee should be appointed to see 
that this is accomplished prior to No- 
vember 1st, so that your Grange will 
be entitled to an honor plaque to be 
presented at the next State Grange 
meeting. 



GRANGE NOTES 



Cold Point Grange, Montgomery 
County, will celebrate the Sixtieth 
Anniversary of the organization of 
the Grange in October. This Grange 
was organized on October 7, 1875. The 
committee appointed for the occasion 
is Mrs. E. Z. Zimmerman, Mrs. Ida C. 
Myers, Mrs. Grace Topley, and M. E. 
Botsford. 

* * * 

All garden organizations in the vi- 
cinity held a joint meeting on July 
llth, in Westfield Grange, Lawrence 
County. Husbands of members in the 
various groups were special guests. 

* * * 

Logan Valley Grange, Blair Coun- 
ty, initiated a class of forty-two can- 
didates on June 28th. 

* * * 

More than 200 members attended 
Jjeighbor Night Meeting in Concord 
grange, Cambria County, on June 

* * * 

On July Gth, Young People's Night 
^as observed in Lamar Grange, Clin- 
wn County. The principal question 
f discussion was, "Should every 
^8rnier take a vacation?" 

* * * 

t^^^''"\ington Grange, Warren Coun- 
y. held its biggest meeting of the 
J^^r on jyjj^ 21st, with nearly 100 
fow;,^'] present. The third and 
urth degrees were conferred at this 
'''Meeting. 

* * * 

Schellsburg Grange, Bedford Coun- 

JunrSfi^ ^^^^^« ^^"« ^^^«"^^' «" 
detr ' ^^^^" *^6 t^i^<i ^^^ fourth 
can?? ^^^^ conferred on a class of 
Gran ^^^^ by the Buffalo Mills 



Community Grange, Westmoreland 
County, featured as its program on 
July 4th, all subjects of a patriotic 
nature. 



The 4-H Club, of South Buffalo 
Grange, Westmoreland County, met 
on June 26th, and the chief matter 
of discussion was, "Care of the Gar- 
dens." 

* * * 

Gibson Grange celebrated its Twen- 
ty-fifth Anniversary on June 22d, in 
an all day meeting. 

* * * 

Wattsburg Grange, Erie County, 
conferred the third and fourth degrees 
on a large class of candidates on 

June 8th. 

* * * 

"Washington at Perryopolis," was 
the theme of a paper read by Ralph 
Linderman at the first of a series of 
Get Together Meetings of Fayette 
County Granges. 

* * * 

The regular meeting of Stony Point 
Grange, Mercer County, was held on 
June 26th, on the occasion of the 
Traveling Gavel Meeting. A three-act 
play entitled, "Here Comes Charlie," 
was presented by this Grange on 
Tuesday and Wednesday evenings of 

that week. 

* * * 

Tioga County's Seventh Degree 
Club held its fifth annual picnic at 
the home of Mr. and Mrs. Mcintosh, 
on Saturday evening, June 29th. 

* * * 

Venango County Pomona Grange 
received a class of eighty-five candi- 
dates at the quarterly meeting on 

June 28th. 

* * * 

One hundred thirty members of 
three Granges attended Neighbor 
Night Meeting in Monroe Grange, 
Northumberland County, on Julv 

10th. 

* * * 

Mrs. Clara E. Dewey, Juvenile 
Deputy, organized a Juvenile Grange 
at Philipsville, on June 27th. She 
was assisted in the installation of the 
newly-elected officers by members of 
the Union City Juvenile Grange: 
Donald Hewitt, George Ward, Ed- 
ward Mallory, Ethel Hinkson and 
Burward Sherwood. 

« « « 

July 11th was Clean Up Day in 
Union City Grange, when all mem- 
bers : men, women and juveniles, were 
supposed to help in the work. A pic- 
nic dinner was enjoyed. 
« « « 

Deer Creek Grange, Mercer County, 
recently installed a new piano, as well 
as new curtains together with other 
improvements. There was a general 
turnout on the day when delivery of 
the piano was made and this Grange 
extends a cordial invitation to mem- 
bers of the Order to visit them. 

* * * 

Bald Eagle Grange, Blair County, 
at a meeting on June 25th, received a 
class of twenty-four candidates. Lo- 
gan Valley's Degree Team was pres- 
ent and put on the degrees. Plans 
and preparations for the Grange en- 
campment and Centre County Fair, 
to be held August 22d to 24th, have 
all been completed and the Premium 
Book is with the printer. 

* * * 

Kiser Hill Grange, Crawford Coun- 
ty, initiated a class of candidates at 
the last meeting. 

* * * 

Approximately 130 guests were 
present at the Ice Cream Social spon- 




dlHDIllLEU 




%Y yHERE present-day budgets restrict 
yl\l the cost of materials and yet the 
maximum mileage in sound, year- 
'round roads must be obtained. Stabiliza- 
tion provides the answer. Because Stabi- 
lization utilizes native soils and requires 
onlY the addition of inexpensive Calcium 
Chloride, the economy of this road-build- 
ing method is evident at once. These roads 
are firm, balanced, easy- riding and stand 
up under the punishing attacks of all kinds 
of weather. 

From the standpoint of future economy. 
Stabilization also figures importantly. It 
lifts the burden of heavy maintenance 
costs, because very little blading and gen- 
eral maintenance are required. Whether 
viewed from the present, the future or 
both. Stabilization supplies the most in 



ohomv 



good roads per dollar spent. Full infor- 
mation on request. Write today to 

SOLVAY SALES CORPORATION 

Alkalies and Chemical Product* Manufactured by 
The Solvay Process Company 

40 RECTOR STREET, NEW YORK, N. Y. 

branch office 
12 South 12th Street. Philadelphia 



iH/tbi n*Mi> HLO u % ^*>. uf I 



Calciunn Chloride 



sored by Dicksonburg Grange, Craw- 
ford County. A butterfly quilt made 
by the Sisters of the Grange was on 

display. 

* * ♦ 

The third and fourth degrees were 
conferred on a class of eight candi- 
dates at the regular meeting of Wil- 
lard Grange, Lawrence County. 



On July 8th, a large class of candi- 
dates was initiated by Westfield 
Grange, Lawrence County. 



HIGH SPEED ON ROADS 

The high speeds that are being em- 
I)loyed by many drivers of motor cars 
on the open highways, constituting a 
hazard to safety both for those who 
operate and ride in such speedily 
driven vehicles but also for those 
whom they may encounter, are made 
known in the summary of the arrests 
by the State Highway Patrol. 

According to the reports by Lieu- 
tenant Grance, who conducted the 
speed traps that were set by the high- 
way patrol, the average speed of the 
cars that were trapped was over sixty 
miles per hour over the course of a 
measured mile. One motorist in fact 
was trapped at seventy-three miles 
and it is confidently believed that 
others attained still higher speed. 

But perhaps, the most serious fact 
was that the average speed of the 
trucks that were caught was over fifty 
miles per hour while some were oper- 
ating up to sixty and more miles per 
hour. 

While it is serious enough for ma- 
chines on the highway to be struck by 
pleasure cars traveling at fifty to sixty 
miles per hour, the seriousness of 
meeting juggernauts weighing many 
tons and traveling at those high 
speeds is even greater. 

What is demonstrated is that speeds 
which are too high for safety are 
common practice on all the highways. 
The State has fixed certain limits. 
These are considered safe. Anything 
above them is considered unsafe. — Al- 
lentown Call, 



BACKWARD SEASON- 
RISING HOG MARKET 

Although this has been a somewhat 
backward planting season, most of 
the country finally has had ample 
rain and the crops are making up for 
lost time. One rather serious delay 
has been in com planting. This va- 
ried from a few days in Iowa to a 
couple of weeks late in some sections. 
Corn and the small grains have grown 
rapidly the last two weeks. Cotton 
fared rather badly in the western belt 
during May, the rains and cold weath- 
er causing delay and some replanting. 

The early summer movement of 
fruits and vegetables is getting under 
way. June shipments are likely to 
reflect the increased production of 
midseason onions, cabbage, peas, mel- 
ons, peaches, and other fruits. So 
far, there is no indicated shortage of 
any of the principal truck crops. A 
fairly good or average orchard fruit 
season is in prospect, except probably 
for northern peaches and southern 
citrus fruits. 

The May slump in the potato mar- 
ket added a final touch of tragedy for 
the growers of that crop. It is diffi- 
cult to explain the price of potatoes. 
Last year's crop was not an amazingly 
large one. Car-lot shipments were less 
than the season before, though more 
probably moved by truck. But thou- 
sands of growers cleaned out their 
storage cellars last month at 10 to 15 
cents a bushel — and in Canada many 
fared even worse. It would seem as 
though this experience would shrink 
the northern acreage of potatoes some- 
what this spring. 

One market that is decidedly more 
encouraging is that for hogs. Ten- 
dollar hogs have become a reality at 
Chicago, and on top of that the pack- 
ers pay the processing tax of $2.25 
per hundredweight. Market ship- 
ments of hogs since December have 
been the smallest for that period in 
25 years. It is evident that slaughter 
supplies next fall and early winter 
will be relatively even smaller. The 
storage supply of pork is also low. 
Hog production is now going through 
(Concluded on page 11.) 



Page 10 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



August, 1935 



Mrs. Georgia M. Piollet 
Chairman, Towanda 

Mrs Charlotte Ruppin 
Akron 

Mrs. George Kresge 

Falls 

Miss Margaret Brown 
State College 

Mrs. Emma Jones 
Irwin, R. D. 4 



WOMAN'S WORK 

IN THE 

HOME AND GRANGE 

By Home Economics Committee 



PENNSYLVAinA 

Land of beauty, land of health 

Native Pennsylvania, 
Land of culture, land of wealth 

Native Pennsylvania, 
Rivers broad and fertile vales 
Mountains grand and beauteous dales 
O thy splendor never pales, 

Native Pennsylvania. 

Keystone in the union arch 

Loyal Pennsylvania, 
In the van the soldiers march 

Loyal Pennsylvania, 
With the field of Brandywine ^ 
Valley Forge, the nation's strive /sVy,V( 
Gettysburg — all these are thine ^ 

Loyal Pennsylvania. 

Pennsylvania, farmers state 

Noble Pennsylvania, 
God hath made the strong and great 

Noble Pennsylvania, 
Virtue 18 thy constant guide 
Liberty with the abide 
Independence is thy pride 

Noble Pennsylvania. 



HELPFUL HINTS 

When cutting a quilt pattern, cut 
it out of sand paper and it will never 
slip on the material you are cutting. 

A little vinegar added to the water 
before washing windows gives a bril- 
liant polish. 

If stamps stick together, put a paper 
over them and rub a hot iron over 
them. This loosens them without 
spoiling their sticking qualities. 

An old sheet cut in convenient size 
pieces, starched and ironed in the 
usual way, will prove a blessing when 
one has to launder handkerchiefs or 
dainty lingerie. The dampened ar- 
ticles, if ironed directly in the 
starched pieces, will have a fresh, 
crisp, new appearance not easily ob- 
tained in any other way. 



PEESIDENTS BORN IN AUGUST 

Herbert Hoover, thirty-first presi- 
dent, born at West Branch, Iowa, Au- 
gust tenth, 1874. United States Food 
Administrator during the World War, 
Secretary of Commerce 1921-1928. 
Served four years as president, now 
living. 

Benjamin Harrison, twenty-third 
president, born at North Bend, Ohio, 
August tenth. Served four years. 
Died March 13, 1901. Tariff was the 
main political issue in his campaign. 
The Sherman Anti-Trust Law was 
passed during his administration. 

Ephrata Grange, No. 1815, held a 
very successful covered dish supper 
on July 10th. The supper was under 
the direction of Mrs. Sadie Schweit- 
zer, chairman of the Home Econom- 
ics Committee. The proceeds of the 
supper will be used for the Building 
Fund. 



An office worker from a large city 
told me, "No fishing or swimming for 
me. Let me lounge around the house 
with as few clothes as decency per- 
mits, with a big glass of tinkling ice 
water beside me." 

Boys and girls anticipate the clos- 
ing of school feverishly, envisioning 
fishing poles and swimming holes with 
the first warm rays of the sun in the 
spring. 

Anticipation and memory are the 
best part of a vacation, for then, nei- 
ther bugs nor mosquitoes nor the dis- 
comforts of strange places can bother 
you, and you remember only the de- 
lightful side of it. 

Some people have the erroneous 
idea that people living on farms do 
not need vacations, because they al- 
ready live in the country, and can en- 
joy the beauties of field and dale, 
mountains and brooks all year around. 
In that sense of the word it is very 
true, but vacation really means to be 
free from duty and service. And it is 
just as necessary for men and women 
on the farm occasionally to be free 
from duty as it is for people living in 
cities, in order that they do not be- 
come stale or irritable. As to the form 
of vacation they should have, that is 
entirely up to them. Nowadays with 
the automobile, it is much easier to 
get away for a few days, and one has 
a vast choice of places to go. One 
does not need to go to expensive 
places at the shore or to the fashion- 
Preview of Fall and Winter Fashiona 

Order your 
copy of the new 
Fall and Winter 
Fashion Book to- 
day. It gives you 
a complete pre- 
view of the new 
fashions of course 
easy-to-use pat- 
terns are avail- 
able for all the 
d e s i g n s illus- 
trated. There are 
styles for every 
type and every 
occasion, plenty 
of clothes for 
children ; sugges- 
tions for school 
lunches. Mail 
orders to Penn- 
sylvania Grange 
News. 



able resorts in the mountains; one 
needs only to free oneself from the 
daily humdrum routine of the house- 
hold and farm, which become heavy 
and tiresome when not interrupted 
once in a while by some unusual oc- 
currence, such as a trip to the city or 
a family picnic. 

If one cannot afford an exx)ensive 
vacation, our own native state con- 
tains many beautiful and educational 
spots to which it would not be too 
expensive to go. See Pennsylvania 
first! 




VACATION TIME 

Vacation 1 What pleasant anticipa- 
tion and dreams that word brings I 
If you ask a dozen different people 
what their idea of a real vacation is, 
you will get a dozen different answers. 



Vacation time is here. Vacation for 
those tied down by the heat and boil 
of the city. How much they do need 
the rest, the fresh air, the beauty of 
God's great outdoors to tide them 
oyer for another year of work, pos- 
sibly within four walls, where dust 
and noise of the busy street never 
cease. 

But how about a vacation for the 
farmer's wife. Is it vacation time for 
her? Instead of vacation time, it is 
her busy time with haying, harvest, 
canning, pickling and preserving. The 



summer is rushed with work in pre- 
paring for winter. 

Yet no matter how busy the days 
may be, if we are good home makers 
we will plan sometime for reading and 
rest or whatever we enjoy most. And 
where can we enjoy it more than in 
the cool shade of our own porch. A 
few comfortable chairs, a swing, and 
a table for our family magazines and 
we may have a little vacation every 
day. If a trip to seashore, mountain 
resort or camp is impossible, a change 
in daily activity or an intense work 
on one's hobby. This may be just as 
advantageous. 

The time spent in recreation should 
be educational as well as enjoyable. 
Let's make our days of leisure prof- 
itable by attending some convention, 
a Grange meeting or picnic where 



there has been something beneficial 
gained rather than hiking off with the 
crowd, running hither, and your seek. 
ing pleasure. Let us make our lej. 
sure time constructive and not de- 
structive. 

We think of vacation time aa a 
happy time. Happiness doesn't de- 
pend on where we are, but how ^^ 
live. Don't be discouraged if yo^ 
can't take a trip. Walk just outside 
your door, enjoy the beauties of ^. 
ture, the fresh air, the flowers, the 
birds, the beautiful fields of growing 
crops and thank God for all these 
blessings that surround you. Be 
thankful that you are not living in 
the rush and noise of the city with a 
few weeks a year to enjoy the great 
outdoors which you are privileged to 
enjoy, the whole year through. 



OUR FASHION AND PATTERN DEPARTMENT 

All patterns 16c in stamps or coin (coin preferred). 




August, 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 11 



ILl O 



Our large Fashion Magaine l8 15 centB a copy, but may be obtained for 10 ceaU 
when ordered same time as pattern. 



8961 — Slenderllne Model ! Designed for sizes 
36. 38. 40. 42, 44 and 46-lnches 
bust. Size 36 requires 4% yards of 
39-lnch material with 2% yards of 
39-lnch contrasting. 

8668 — Slim Smartness ! Designed for sizes 
36, 38. 40. 42. 44. 46 and 48-lnche8 
bust. Size 36 requires 3% yards of 
39-lnch material with J^ yard of 
39-lnch contrasting. 

8891 — Chic for Matrons. Designed for sizes 
36, 38. 40. 42. 44. 46 and 48-lnche8 
bust. Size 36 requires 3% yards 
of 39-lnch material. 

8070— Darling Wee Frock. Designed for 
sizes 2, 4 and 6 years. Size 4 re- 



quires 1% yards of 39-lnch ni»t»- 
rial with hi yard of 35-lDch co» 

f |»a cf Jtj CT 

8164 — Cute Jacket Dress. Designed for »•»* 
6. 8. 10 and 12 years. SImSJ' 
quires 2% yards of 39-lDch O*''. 
rial with 2V4 yards of 35-lnch co» 
trastlng and 1 Vi yards of 4-'"*^ 
ribbon for bow. . i*( 

8688— Attractive Home Frock. Designeo ' 
sizes 16. 18 years. 36, 38. 40. 'j 
44. 46 and 48-lnches bust. Siw 
requires 4^ yards of 39-lncn » 
trrial with ^ yard of 39-lncD "J^ 
material and % yard of ^''" 
dark material. 



Address, giving number and size: 

PATTERN DEPARTMENT, GRANGE NEWS 

428 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



No city woman can realize the 
thrill of the farmer's wife as she scans 
her shelves filled to overflowing as the 
result of her summer's toil. No va- 
cation can give the pleasure of work 
well done. 

Best is not quitting 

The busy career; 
Rest is the fitting 
Of self to one's sphere. 

'Tis loving and serving 
The highest and best; 

'Tis onward, unswerving 
And this is true rest. 
— Goethe. 



NOT A BRIBE 



By Kuth Nickel 
Rational Kindergarten Association 

Marian was not accustomed to be- 
ing bribed to do things for her own 
good. It was our feeling that she 
should be helped to understand why 
?he must do them, for we knew that 
in later life she would often be faced 
with difficult tasks which carried no 
reward except in the satisfaction of 
work well done. 

The depression brought a number 
of changes into her life. Moving 
from the suburbs into the city not 
only separated her from her friends, 
but it took her away from a very 
pleasant school. Now she found her- 
self living on a crowded street with 
neither ■ grass nor trees. Instead of 
going to a sunny, well equipped, mod- 
em school, she had to go to an over- 
crowded and rather badly run school 
which was jail-like even in outward 
appearance. In her suburban school 
the classes were small, there was op- 
portunity for individual attention and 
for study periods, so that she had 
often left school with her homework 
done. Now she had so much to do 
that she had little time for play. Fur- 
thermore, in the city school she was 
asked to adhere to a daily schedule 
which required her to go to bed half 
an hour earlier than she had been ac- 
customed. 

During the first week we realized 
that she was not happy, but we were 
not prepared for the storm that broke 
on the Monday morning of the sec- 
ond. She didn't want to go to school ! 
After a good cry she pulled herself 
together, but she was a pathetic little 
ngure as she left the house. 

That night she finished her lessons 
fnortly before her new bedtime and 
oegan to read a book. When the clock 
struck she paid no attention, and fi- 
lially we had to remind her that it 
^as time to go to bed. Marian closed 
the book with a snap. 

Good gracious," she said, "I can't 
(JO anything any more but go to school 
?^d Ro to bed. I wish I hadn't been 
Dornl And then there were more 
tears. 

ij J ^^^^* we discussed what we 
could do. At last we decided to give 
^anan something pleasant to think 
oout. She was very fond of parties, 
particularly of the fun of preparing 
J '" ^^^\ However, we did not want 
Otter her one as a reward for not 
rf^- We wanted to divert her 
^^u^. "lake her realize that there 
al7*^ still be some fun in life and 
w . 1 ^ ^'^ \o\gA her and were in- 
%^sted in her happiness. 

mad^ k ^^^^ °^^^^ ^* dinner we 
ann^^ ^^^eain. Marian was to have 
the t ^^^'° "months later. And during 
earuJ^ J'onths she was to make an 
soip_.. ™''t to study her lessons con- 
.ow ?"s^y and live up to her new 
,ee til"'^- We could look ahead and 
tnat she would make the adjust- 
■ '^' acquire new friends, and prob- 
^nd by liking even the new | 



school; but it was difficult for her to 
see it as we did. 

"This is not a bribe, Marian," I 
said. "We will give you the party 
even if you keep on crying about 
school and protesting about going to 
bed. But, of course, we know you 
won't. At any rate, you'll have some- 
thing pleasant to think about. We'll 
do our best to have Gladys and Hazel 
(her former chums) brought into 
town for the occasion and of course 
in two months you'll have some 
friends here. Maybe Mrs. Thompson's 
daughter next door will help you with 
the preparation for the party, and, of 
course, we will, too." 

Marian brightened up at once and 
that night she went to bed at the 
proper moment. We had no more 
tears. We made no effort to check up 
on her time of retiring, and she 
seemed to appreciate this. In fact, 
she became so conscientious about be- 
ing in bed on time that she even took 
the clock into the bathroom with her 
so that she would not stay too long in 
the shower and be a few minutes late. 

Mrs. Thompson's daughter was de- 
lighted to help with the party plans, 
and after a few weeks' adjustment 
Marian found that she was able to do 
her homework more quickly than at 
first. Thus there was more time for 
relaxation and for companionship 
with Grace Thompson. The prepara- 
tions for the party gave them a com- 
mon interest, and soon they were 
friends. When the great day finally 
came Marian felt at home in school 
and in her new neighborhood. 



GROW YOUR OWN 

PERENNIALS FROM SEED 

Delphiniums and Hollyhocks are 
the tallest perennials and no peren- 
nial border can well do without them. 
When it comes to those of medium 
height ranging between 3 and 4 feet, 
there is a wide selection. These, how- 
ever, form the mainstays for sheets of 
bloom at various times during the 
season. For the earliest display, start- 
ing in mid-May, as the tulips wax 
and wane, come the pyrethrums or 
painted daisies and the columbines. 

In the latter there is a wide lati- 
tude as to blooming season, extending 
from late April through July. The 
pyrethrums come all at once in great 
sheets of bloom for a month, with 
later scattering bloom. 

Pyrethrums are one of the finest of 
cutting materials, the long-stemmed 
daisies, sometimes growing 3 feet tall, 
keeping for days when cut. They 
range in color from pure white to 
palest pinks, rose, scarlet, maroon and 
crimson. The dark shades are the 
rarest and a packet of seed will give 
a prevailing number of light tones. 
To get a good strain of pyrethrums it 
is necessary, first of all, to buy a good 
strain of seed from a reliable seeds- 
man. 

It is necessary also to grow a much 
larger number of plants than you real- 
ly need and select the types. It is 
best to grow the seedlings — a packet 
will give scores of them — in rows like 
vegetables until they bloom. Then 
take the ones you want and throw the 
rest away, propagating any particu- 
larly fine variety by divisions, which 
is easily done. There will be a large 
number of plants with washed-out 
coloring. Select those of clear color 
and throw away the inferior ones. 

Columbines do not need this selec- 
tion, as they show a wide diversity of 
color but not much diversity in size 
or form if the seed is from a good 
strain. Mrs. Scott Elliott's strain of 
long spurred is as fine as any. There 
are fine-named types that come fairly 
true from seed. You may select the 



color you like in columbines, but it is 
one perennial which, because of its 
soft coloring, is as effective in mixed 
coloring as grown in separate colors. 
It is best in shade, but will grow well 
in full sun. Set plants a foot apart 
for masses of bloom. 



BACKWARD SEASON- 
RISING HOG MARKET 

(Concluded from page 9.) 

the bottom phase of its cycle. Proba- 
bly the tendency will be to increase 
pig production by next fall. Mean- 
while, the only things that stand in 
the way of still higher hog prices are 
the bad export situation and the low 
buying power of domestic consumers. 

Produce Movement Expanding 

The center of produce market in- 
terest moves toward the North and 
East in June. One early section after 
another stops shipping the cool weath- 
er truck crops and the midseason re- 
gion fills the markets with many lines 
of hardy fruits and vegetables. Car- 
lot and motor-truck movement will be 
increasing through the summer and 
the early fall months. Distant ship- 
ments in June run heavily to melons, 
cantaloups, berries, oranges, lemons, 
early apples, peaches, tomatoes, and 
other warm-weather favorites, and 
more and more northern-giH)Wn pro- 
duce enters the large markets. Com- 
bined car-lot movement usually in- 
creases at least 10 per cent during 
June and the price trend is down- 
ward in many lines; but some busi- 
ness forecasts predict increasing 
business activity and better demand 
in late summer and during the fall 
months. 

Draggy Crop Conditions 

The season continued from 1 to 2 
weeks late through the spring months 
in many parts of the country, yet the 
leading truck crops in May were re- 
ported generally in better than aver- 
age growing condition and the volume 
of car-lot shipments was well main- 
tained, partly because the Southeast- 
ern States did not share the lateness 
of other truck-raising regions and Pa- 
cific Coast was catching up to normal. 
Tender crops in the Carolines and 
Georgia have recovered from the cold 
weather of early spring and were in 
fair to good condition in late May. 
Yields have been generally good and 
there were many gains in acreage 



planted. Prospects in the central re- 
gion were improved by heavy rains in 
May, although the rainfall caused 
some delays in maturity and in har- 
vesting early crops. Smaller acreage 
of potatoes and snap beans was partly 
offset in some States by the prospect 
of better yields per acre, but June 
receipts of snap and lima beans are 
likely to be less than usual. Large 
increases in the leading cannery-crop 
acreages are some what unsettling to 
£he industry. 

Many of the June tomatoes are 
from Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, 
South Carolina, and Texas, which 
have about an average production. 
Most tomato sections this season re- 
port increased acreage and smaller 
yield per acre. Michigan was the 
leading late onion shipper last season 
and the new crop is starting well, al- 
though delayed on account of rains. 

Active Melon Season 

The melon acreage increased 17 per 
cent in seven leading summer shij)- 
ping states and the crop was doing 
well in northern Florida and in 
Georgia, leading June shipping melon 
sections. California cantaloups are 
late but a good yield is expected from 
24,000 acres in the Imperial Valley, 
with active shipments through June 
and until late in July besides July 
shipments from 9,000 to 10,000 acres 
of cantaloups in Arizona. The quality 
of cantaloups is running better than 
last season. 

Strawberry production turned out 
rather light in the early shipping 
states and was estimated to be 20 per 
cent less than last season in nine mid- 
season states. Prices were higher than 
last season at first and seldom dropped 
below the level of a year ago. The 10 
late strawberry states were expected to 
have per-acre yields better than ave- 
rage. 



Interest in the beautification of 
homes and their surroundings is a 
sure indication of a better grasp of 
the fundamentals of living. 

A man who falls in love with him- 
self is usually an easy fellow to please. 



"It is said that pai)er can be used to 
keep a person warm." 

"Yes, I can testify to that. The 
bank holds a 30-day note of mine, and 
it's kept me in a sweat for a whole 
month." 



INGERSOLL PAINTS 

Officially Endorsed by the National Grange in 1 874 and in 
continuous use by Members of the Order ever since. 

We do not believe a better or more durable paint ia produced 

Nearly a CENTURY'S USE has CONCLUSIVELY PROVED the truth 
of all claims made for Superior Durability of INGERSOLL PAINTS. 

Manufactured by us iri all colors for all purposes and sold only 

DIRECT to YOU at FACTORY PRICES 

in accordance with ARTICLE 4, Declaration of Purposes, P. of H. 

You Save All Middlemen's Profits and Expenses and 
Get Full Paint Value for Your Money 

INGERSOLL PAINTS come DIRECT to You at FACTORY PRICES, which ar« way BELOW 

the cost of other strictlyjirst-grade. reliable brands, and generally less than the retail price 

of low-grade paints. Wo offer you REAL QUALITY PAINT at a BIG CASH SAVING. 

NEW LOW Factory Prices Prepaid Freigh t Offer 

SEND FOR INGERSOLL PAINT BOOK— FREE to YOU. It will show you how to REALLY 

SAVE MONEY on your paint requirements. WRITE TODAY for Sample Color Cards, 

Factory Pricaa and our Prepaid Freight Offer on GUARANTEED INGERSOLL PAINTS. 

PATRONS' PAINT WORKS, Inc. 

Thm Oldmat Rmady-Mixed Paint Factory in Amariea. Eatahlithmd in 1842 

234 PLYMOUTH STREET BROOKLYN, NEW YORK 

The EDITOR of this paper recommends INGERSOLL PAINTS 



' ITB' 



Page 12 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



August, 1935 






Our Juvenile Granges 

Mbs. Elizabeth Starkkt, Mansfield 



Dear Juveniles: 

It is again time for me to write 
you and I have been wondering for 
days just what I could say that will 
be of interest and help to you all. 
Any of you that know where Mans- 
field is located will recall that it is 
only 17 miles south of the New York 
Slate line and that many places in 
southern New York State and the 
Finger Lakes region are only a dis- 
tance of some 50 miles from here. 

I need not relate any particulars of 
the recent terrible storms in that re- 
gion, but only to make us thankful 
that we did not live in that area. Those 
who have visited the section say that 
we cannot realize the terrible destruc- 
tion. May we not forget to send up 
our prayers for those people to be 
protected from disease and further 
destruction. And, let us realize that 
God has a plan which, though we can- 
not understand, is nevertheless for 
the good of all. It would be interest- 
ing to know about the Granges in 
this flood area for there are many 
Granges all through this section. I 
have visited several Granges in south- 
ern New York State and many people 
in this region are friends, so although 
only a short distance away, neverthe- 
less we are concerned with the safety 
and health of our brother and sister 
Grangers, in particular, who live in 
this region. Remember our world is 
very small now as we travel so quick- 
ly and get word around so rapidly. 
We are all God's children and share 
our feelings with those miles away. 
Let us work for and study more about 
our neighbors. 



I was reading something the other 
day that made me think that possibly 
we did not do all we could, not only 
for our friends, but those who may 
have done something to hurt us. 

A man whose name was Charles 
DeVore was working on a power line 
twenty-one years ago when some one 
carelessly threw the switch and sent 
13,200 volts of electricity through his 
body. He escaped with his life by 
the narrowest margin, and it set him 
thinking. He resolved to dedicate his 
life to the teaching of safety and first 
aid to prevent accidents and rescue 
those who were hurt. 

He took courses in first aid and at 
once organized other classes for teach- 
ing others in many sections of the 
United States. When disasters arise, 
he is in action at once and several of 
his safety teams have carried off 
prizes. 

All this happened because he re- 
ceived an almost fatal shock through 
someone's carelessness. He has trans- 
muted this unhappy personal expe- 
rience into a great work of mercy and 
help for thouspnds of people. His re- 
action to his personal suffering was 
a deeply unselfish one. How is it with 
most people ? Anger and complaint al- 
most always. "I have been injured." 
"Somebody has carelessly done this to 
me!" The personal, selfish reaction 
is the usual one. Some though, as 
DeVore, act unselfishly, thinking that 
although someone did this to me, it 
shall not happen to some one else. 

Some girl said that because some- 
one told a lie about her that hurt her, 
she would never tell a lie because it 
might hurt some one else. So let us 
watch ourselves and see if we cannot 
turn the injury we receive into chan- 



nels that will never hurt others. Let's 
make the injury a beginning of help- 
fulness and growth and not grouch 
about it. 

A Daily Creed 

Let me be a little kinder, let me be a 
little blinder 
To the faults of those about me; let 
me praise a little more. 
Let me be when I am weary, just a 
little bit more cheery. 
Let me serve a little better those 
that I am striving for. 
Let me be a little braver, when temp- 
tation bids me waver; 
Let me strive a little more to be all 
that I should be; 
Let me be a little meeker with the 
brother that is weaker, 
Let me think more of my neighbor 
and a little less of me. 



The first week of August will be 
well over before you get this paper. 
Are we using the things around us 
for programs? Nature abounds with 
the beautiful for us at this season. 
So you can arrange splendid nature 
programs. Also, this is the time of 
travel and vacation. There are many 
suggestions for such programs to be 
gleaned for your farm papers. Al- 
though we cannot travel with them 
on their tours in body, yet we can 
travel with them by our books, maga- 
zines, pictures, etc., and have really 
splendid travel programs. Let's see 
who will send me the best program 
on "Travel." 



Here's something for our youngest 
Grangers : 

For the Littlest Granger 
Eight little fingers, ten little toes 
Two little eyes and one little nose. 
Baby says when she smells the rose 
Oh, what a pity I've only one nose! 

Twelve little teeth in two little rows 
Lots of dimples and only one nose. 
Baby says when she smells the snuff 
Ka-choo, dearie me, one nose is 
enough ! 



This poem of the Goldenrod is very 
appropriate for now. Did you ever 
stop to study the little parts of this 
flower. Do so and you will be sur- 
prised at its beauty. 

Goldenrod 
A Poem of the Season 

There's a bit of autumn sunshine. 

Along the winding way; 
That cheers the tired traveler, 

However dull the day. 
A golden-fronded flower, 

That seems to smile and nod, 
That friend of child and adult — 

Our gleaming goldenrod. 

Along the dusty roadway. 

She lifts her smiling face, 
This lovely little flower, 

That some call commonplace. 
I think some shining angel, 

Wrough wonder in the sod, 
And left this fairy flower — 

A messenger from God! 

— Cora May Preble. 

Last year Sister vShumway sug- 
gested a series of nature programs 
that would prove very interesting and 
I want to remind you of the plan 
again. 



Divide your Grange into groups 
and let each one study and plan a 
program on a different plant family. 
A nature study book or botany would 
have many suggestions and we would 
be surprised to find out that many of 
our plants are such close relatives. 
Plan simple refreshments for some 
of your hot evenings. We all like a 
refreshing drink and often a Juvenile 
Grange could sell punch or lemonade 
to the Subordinate Grange on some 
of our warm evenings. 



Juvenile Essay Contest on "The 
Origin of the Grange." How many 
of you are working on it? I hope we 
will have many of them. Remember 
you can find much material on this 
subject. These are the rules: 

Any juvenile member may take 
part. Be sure to state your age, the 
Grange to which you belong and the 
Matron's name. 

Limit your papers to 400 words. 

Write on one side of paper only. 

Be sure to play fair— do your own 
work. 

Have papers sent to me by October 
first. 

Get busy every one, for there will 
be three prizes given. But let's re- 
member that we can't all win, but we 
can all gain nevertheless. We are all 
good sports, I am sure. 



Also, I hope some will work for tli 
National contests. There is a n* 
tional essay contest and also the oth* 



contest — to be a winner in 



every 



State. I hope some one in Pennsv] 
vania will not only be the State wil. 
ner, but also the national. If y^^ / 
not have the particulars, write Susan 
W. Freestone, Interlaken, New York. 

I have received no news this last 
month. Are we working in our K. 
venile Granges, doing anything others 
might do ? Tell me about it, so I can 
pass it on to others. How many J^. 
veniles are going to help their county 
be on the Honor Roll for 100% re- 
ports for this quarter. The list wil] 
be in next month's paper. Get your 
reports in to Harrisburg at once if 
not already there. They should be 
sent in within three weeks after yon 
receive them. Let's learn to be 
prompt. 

Hostess (gushingly) — "You know, 
I've heard a great deal about you." 

Politician (absently) — "Possibly, 
but you can't prove anything." 

"So your daughter is at a finishing 
school. What is she finishing." 

"She's finishing my bank account 
for one thing." 



FARM PRICES DECLINE 

SLIGHTLY SINCE MAY 

The index of prices paid farmers 
for important products declined two 
points between May 15th and June 
15th, according to the monthly sur- 
vey conducted by the Federal-State 
Crop Reporting Service. A four- 
point drop occurred in the index for 
the entire country. 



Gains were reported in the farm 
price of buckwheat, apples, hogs, veai 
calves, lambs, mules, and wool. How- 
ever, these gains were more than off- 
set by slight losses in all other groups. 

The index of prices paid by farm- 
ers for commodities purchased re- 
mained unchanged during the montL 

The June 15th average prices with 
May and pre-war comparisons follow; 



June May 

Commodity 1910-U 1935 

Wheat per bu $.99 $.96 

Corn per bu .74 .§5 

Oats per bu .51 .50 

Barley per bu .69 ,71 

Rye per bu [gO .72 

Buckwheat per bu .73 ,53 

Potatoes per bu .79 ^30 

Hay per ton '. leisG isiso 

Apples per bu 1 25 

Hogs per 100 lbs !.'"..*."..* " 'i'.si 8*. 60 

Beef cattle per 100 lbs 6.66 7.80 

Veal calves per 100 lbs 7 . 84 8 . 10 

Sheep per 100 lbs 4.90 4^10 

Lambs per 100 lbs 7,08 7.40 

Milk cows per head 53*.06 62^00 

Horses per head 177.20 143.00 

Mules per head 129.00 

Chickens per lb 140 .i85 

Milk per 100 lbs 1.39 1 95 

Butter per lb 26 .29 

Butterfat per lb 3Q 

Eggs per doz WV.W.'.'. "" .'260 !233 

Wool per lb 22 .22 

Farm Price Index Pre-war 

base 

UNITED STATES 100 108 

Grain jqo 2^2 

Fruits and vegetables 100 98 

Meat animals iqq -^i^ 

Dairy products [ joq i()7 

Chickens and eggs 100 no 

Unclassified jqO 89 

PENNSYLVANIA 100 103 

gr«!" •••• 100 102 

r ruits and vegetables loo 72 

Meat animals iqq 114 

Dairy ])roducts [ jqO 115 

Chickens and eggs * jqo lOl 

Unclassified -^qq g2 

PRICES FARMERS PAY 100 127 

FARMERS' PURCHASING POWER 

United States ^qq 85 

Pennsylvania * jqq 81 



JuM 

m 

$.91 

.83 

.52 

.68 

.68 

.60 

.30 

13.00 

1.35 

8.90 

7.70 

8.50 

3.80 

7.70 

61.00 

139.00 

141.00 

.183 

1.85 

.27 

.25 

.233 

.24 



104 

102 

100 

119 
100 



101 

98 

75 

116 

108 
100 

82 

127 

82 
90 



Aug«»*» 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 13 




THE CHAPLAIN'S MEDITATION 

REV. ROSS M. HAVERFIELD, Monongahela, Pa. 



Y. The Sabbath Day 

"Jlemember the Sabbath day, to 
Uep it holyr—^x. 20 : 8. 

The Legislative Committee in its 
report adopted at the last meeting of 
the State Grange, said in part : "We 
deplore the tendency to do away with 
the Sabbath as a holy day and we are 
persuaded that a large part of the 
cause of the present depression is due 
to our neglect of the things that have 
to do with the Kingdom of God. We 
therefore, urge that our members, our 
Legislature, our Congress, and all 
public officials respect the Sabbath 
Day and attempt to pass no laws that 
tend to give us a commercial day in 
place of a holy day for rest and wor- 
ship." 

This clear-cut resolution recognizes 

what Dr. R. H. Martin, of Pittsburgh, 
recently observed when he wrote, 
"Through the encroachment of secu- 
lar business and commercialized 
amusements on the Lord's Day, a fun- 
damental right of Americans, consti- 
tutionally guaranteed, is being in- 
creasingly infringed upon — The right 
of public worship, and the "freedom, 
to worship God." 

Let us remember the Sabbath Day 
to keep it a Holy Day, not a holiday ; 
let us remember to keep it as the 
Lord's Day, and not as man's day; 
and let us remember its primary pur- 
pose is the re-creation of the soul 
through rest and worship, and not the 
social recreation of the modern world 
through sports and movies and week- 
end excursions. 

We need a new appreciation of the 
physical, moral, and spiritual value of 
the Sabbath. Daniel Webster, recog- 
nizing the infinite worth of the Holy 
Sabbath, said, "You might as well put 
out the sun, and think to enlighten 
the world with tapers; destroy the 
attraction of gravity, and think to 
wield the universe by human powers, 
as to extinguish the moral illumina- 
tion of the Sabbath, and break this 
glorious mainspring of the moral gov- 
ernment of God." 

"A Sabbath well spent 
Brings a week of content. 
And strength for the cares of the 
morrow ; 
But a Sabbath profaned, 
Whate'er may be gained. 
Is a certain forerunner of sorrow." 



Patrons^ Forum 

Articles not over 400 words, properly 
signed, will be accepted. Rights are re- 
served to reject articles not suitable. 
^aANGE News is not responsible for any 
opinions expressed in these columns. 



VISITING A STOCK FARM 

Having been born and brought up 
^ a large farm where almost all 

•nds of livestock and poultry were 
produced and developed, we have al- 

ays had a special liking for looking 
^;er fine stock. Early in July, in 
^mpany with the Rev. M. A. Her- 
n, an active member of Woodward 
^^//ge, in Lock Haven, the writer 
gaae a visit to the fine stock farm of 
^rother B. C. Dotterer, of Nittany 
fin!"/^' brother Dotterer has two 
.^"e tarms lying north of Clintondale 
izes ^"^^^ County, where he special- 
WJ^ P"^ebred registered Percheron 
of th^'k • found them in the midst 
fine t ^^^^^ season. We noted two 
teams mowing down a splendid 



hay crop. One team of black mares, 
each weighing about 1,600, both mares 
nursing splendid colts. 

Another team of gray mares, one a 
five-year-old, weighing over 1,800 
pounds. These mares seem to be do- 
ing their work without any effort and 
were in the pink of condition. A 
third team of dapple gray mares were 
hauling in hay, each nursing a fine 
colt. A feature that attracted us was 
a handsome Stallion weighing over 
2,100, hauling up hay into the mow 
from the wagon. He was handled by 
a twelve-year-old boy and seemed so 
gentle and intelligent. We were shown 
altogether 23 head of blooded horses, 
including six very fine sucking colts. 
Two three-year-old mares, each with 
a fine colt by her side beside several 
unusually handsome young Stallions, 
all registered and of excellent type 
and development. 

Brother and Sister Dotterer are the 
parents of ten children, six active 
boys and four girls. The four older 
boys were all active in the farm work 
and could explain so well any infor- 
mation we desired relative to the 
stock and the splendid crops. Bro- 
ther Dotterer for a number of years 
had been taking most all the prizes 
on his fine horses at the Centre Hall 
Fair and Grangers Picnic, and has 
won prizes at the State Product Show 
and other places. He has a flock of 
about 75 Dorsett sheep, and exhibits 
each year at the Grange Fair. 

Time and space will not permit fur- 
ther details, but not in years have we 
been privileged to look upon finer 
stock and to note the unique way in 
which they are handled. We often 
sing in "The Patron," "Stay on the 
Farm Boys," and we must conclude 
that Brother Dotterer has a very in- 
teresting place where boys can find 
attractive employment and become 
useful and productive citizens. Our 
visit was one long to be remembered, 
and brought back to our minds days 
of long ago when at home on the 
farm. I may be a "back number," but 
I would rather spend a few hours 
viewing the handsome farm stock 
than to revel in the modern sights of 
a great city. G. H. Hubbard, 

Pomona Lecturer, Clinton County. 



THE FARMER AS OF OLD 

The art of agriculture is that of 
cultivating the ground, and obtaining 
from it the products necessary for 
the support of animal life. The 
change from the state of nature in 
which the human race must first have 
lived, to the pastoral, or to any higher 
mode of living, must have been grad- 
ual, the work of ages, 

It is the oldest of all occupations, 
the human race was doomed to toil, 
and necessity soon sharpened the 
power of invention. "The first farm- 
er," says Emerson, was the first man, 
and all historic nobility rests on pos- 
session and use of land." 

Daniel Webster once said "When 
tillage begins, other arts follow. Ag- 
riculture is also the most widely ex- 
tended of all occupations, and in it 
lies the foundations of all other in- 
dustries, the farmers, therefore, are 
founders of civilization. 

Unless man be fed and clothed the 
race would perish. It is one of the 
glories of the Creator. We find men- 
tioned in Genesis, the Bible, after the 
deluge a promise to Noah, "while the 
earth remaineth, the seed time and 



harvest, and summer and winter, and 
cold and heat, and day and night shall 



f} 



not cease. 

And Noah became the first hus- 
bandman. The first riches of the 
early Jewish patriarchs consisted of 
cattle and fruits; Chaldea and Egypt 
from the earliest recorded times were 
noted as the lands of corn, the fertil- 
ity of the valley of the Nile is well 
known, it overflowed from August to 
November, leaving the richest top 
dressing of slimes and mud. The cul- 
tivator had only to cast the seed, turn 
on a herd of swine to tread it in, and 
await the harvest. 

The agriculture of a people must 
be influenced by the climate and nat- 
ural features of the country. Its 
progress must depend to a great de- 
gree on the density of its populace. 

The processes employed must have 
been extremely simple at first, being 
confined no doubt to merely preparing 
the soil for the seed, without any at- 
tempt to stimulate its productiveness. 

From Egypt a knowledge of agri- 
culture extended to Greece, in which 
the knowledge of farming advanced 
until the days of its glory, it may be 
said to have attained a high degree of 
perfection. The Greeks had a fine 
breed of cattle, horses, sheep, and 
swine. They used implements not 
very unlike our day for the husbandry. 
Also the Greek farmer composted with 
skill; value being thoroughly under- 
stood. They plowed consecutively the 
soil three times with mule and 
oxen, cultivated the small and large 
fruits. The names of several writers 
have came down to us. The principal 
reason that Greece was not suited for 
tillage and was not a source of pride 
was that the land was mainly famed 
by a subdued and menial race. The 
dominate race cultivating the arts 
and caring more for building cities. 

On the contrary a high appreciation 
of agriculture seems to have been a 
fundamental idea among the early 
Romans. 

A tract of land was alloted to every 
citizen by the state itself, and care- 
fully restricted as to the quantity 
granted. 

It was said by the Orator Curius 
that "he was not a good citizen, but 
rather man to the community and 
state who could not content himself 
with seven acres of land." 

The Roman acre being one-third 
less than ours, and large and abun- 
dant crops were raised, in after years 
the acres were increased. No greater 
praise could be bestowed upon an an- 
cient Roman than to give him the 
name of a good husbandman. 

Cinncinnatis was called from the 
plow to fight the battles of his coun- 
try, as evidence of patriotism. 

May I call to your remembrance 
other farmer patriots of Bible days? 
Who fought against the enemy of 
righteousness. 

Amos the prophet. Left his herd of 
sheep to assume the role of leader, 
when the luxury of the rich was rot 
ting away the foundation of Israel, 
Elisha left his plow standing to re- 
ceive the mantle as it fell from Elijah. 
Gideon left the threshing floor to un- 
dertake to deliver Israel from the 
Midianates, Orator Cato the states 
was most loudly commended for hav- 
ing written a book. "Our ancestors" 
says Cato, regarded it a grand point 
of husbandry not to have to much 
land in ane farm. 

AndVrf?il says '^the farmer may 
praise large estates but let him culti- 
vate a small one." It is best the 
prophet says to profit by the folly of 
others "and that profit came from 
holding a little and tilling well. 

The Roman father paid much at- 
tention, to the breeding of stock, 



Culimella mentions the points of a 
good milch cow, to be "a tall make, 
long with a very large belly, very large 
head, eyes blue and open, horns grace- 
ful and smooth, ears black and hairy. 
Jaws straight. Dew lap and tail very 
large, hoofs and legs moderate. The 
same writer prescribes a curious treat- 
ment of working oxen, as follows: 
After oxen get through plowing, and 
come home heated and tired, they 
must have a little wine poured down 
their throats, and after being fed a 
little be led out to drink, and if they 
will not drink; the boy must whistle 
to make them." 

Great stress was made in the plant- 
ing of young trees about the lands to 
serve as wind brakes. 

Although there were imperfect cul- 
tivation of crops we have however 
statements of many successful yields. 

Thus Pliny says "that 400 stalks 
of wheat, all grown from one seed, 
were sent to the Emporor Augustus." 
And at another time 340 stalks from 
one seed were sent to the Emperor 
Nero from Africa with the state- 
ment." Accompanied with the state- 
ment "that when the soil was dry, it 
was so dry, it was so stiff that the 
stronger could not plow it; but after 
a rain, I have seen it opened by a 
share drawn by a wretched ass on the 
one side of the yoke and an old wom- 
an on the other." 

May the assertion be made that not 
only in the ancient days but also in 
the modern, many a good and worthy, 
has unfortunately been yoked for life 
with the yoke of matrimony, with the 
same type of a wretched beast as 
above noted. 

The ancient husbandmen suffered 
great inconvenience in their tilling 
the soil by their failure to apply the 
mechanical forces of nature as a sub- 
stitute for labor. 

Even the water wheel was not 
known until 100 years after Christ. 

We heartily endorse the motto : "In 
essentials, Unity. In nonessentials. 
Liberty; in all things, Charity, to the 
farmer of today. — John B. Kean. 



"Ned, why are you always at the 
bottom of your class?" 

Ned — "It doesn't really matter, dad. 
We get the same instructions at both 
ends of the class." 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 

OF EVERY DESCRIPTION 
Th* Rmcognixad Standard Evrywhmrm 

REGAUA - BADGES - EMBLEMS 

Took, Flacs. Labor SaTins Books 

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C I BAINBRIDGE. SYRACUSE M. f . 



HAYFEVER^ 

ASTHMA .nd SUMMER COLDS .re annecetury. C«a- 
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Oyer 40,000 HOLFORD'S WONDER INHALERS mM 
last rear alone. Mail $1.00 today for fall season'i relid 
to THE DANDEE CO.. 252 HENNEPIN AVE.. MIN- 
NEAPOLIS. MINNESOTA, or writ* for Fro* Booklot. 



APPLE CRATES 

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CHEERFULLY FURNISHED 



Page 14 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



wliS 



August, 1935 



COUNTY SHOWS WAY TO PAVE 
By E. E. Duffy 

Down here in Vermilion County, 
Illinois, is a road system unequalled 
by that of any other agricultural com- 
munity. The bonds, the first issued 
to build a connected road system, were 
retired June Ist and the last block of 
them was recently consigned to the 
flames at a general celebration. 

Some of the roads, single lane con- 
crete, are 20 years old and the aver- 
age age is about 18. All are in ex- 
cellent condition, in fact, they promise 
80 much more service that they were 
Bymbolically presented to the younger 
generation by the pioneers responsible 
for the paving program. 

The original system of 166 miles 
was built largely by a bond issue. 
This type of pavement was in such 
demand that the county and townships 
built additional stretches so that now 
Vermilion County has 257 miles, not 
including the 50 miles taken over by 
the state and widened for increased 
traffic. Altogether, Vermilion County 
has nearly 400 miles of pavement. 

Vermilion County's bond plan was 
the basis for that of the State of Illi- 



nois. Many other states and counties 
have also modeled their plans after 
that of Vermilion. 

"Tackled in the right way, roads 
can be removed as a 'burden,' " de- 
clared William G. Edens, former 
banker and national good roads leader 
who gave the chief address at the 
celebration. "Roads are truly a 
burden when built of unsubstantial 
materials. They cost good money to 
build, and after a few years, more 
good money goes to build them again. 
Then, there are annual repairs needed 
to preserve a semblance of good travel. 
All this means endless expense and 
trouble. That is why poor roads are 
a burden and a problem. 

"But long lasting roads that pre- 
serve the money invested in them are 
not a burden. They are a source of 
pride. They earn dividends. 

"A road that pays dividends is a 
road that costs little to maintain, a 
road that gives year-round service re- 
gardless of weather, a road that re- 
duces car driving costs to the lowest 
level. 

"The single lane concrete you have 
here does just that. Maintenance is 
low, so low that in the long run, tlie 



hard roads in many cases have paid 
for themselves on that count alone. 
Reduce road up-keep and you have 
more money to build good roads. 

"It doesn't matter how you finance 
your roads, whether by bond issue or 
direct appropriation. The important 
thing is to build roads that last, roads 
that outlast bonds, roads that preserve 
the money you put in them." 



3^s(pect 



Under this beading will be printed resolutions adopted bj 
Oranges, for which a rate of 2 cents per word will be 
charged, cash to accompanj oopj. 



FELTY 

Whbreas, It has pleased our Divine Mas- 
ter to remove from us on May 23d, our 
brother, Victor H. Felty, who always carried 
a smile of good cheer, and whose loss we 
deeply mourn, therefore, be It 

Resolved, That we the members of Tyro 
Hall Orange, No. 1513, Buckingham, Pa., 
bow in submission and express our sincere 
sympathy to the family. 

Resolved, That we drape our charter for 
a period of thirty days, record these resolu- 
tions on our minutes, send a copy to the 
family and have them published in Obanof 

Paul E. Neppes, 
MiN-NiE Neppbs, 
James P. McLauohun, 
Elizabeth B. McLaughlin, 
Committee. 
WATSON 

Whereas, Our heavenly Father on May 
I^Sth, removed from our midst our brother, 
William Watson of Tyro Hall Orange, No. 
1513, Buckingham, Pa., we submit the fol- 
lowing resolutions in memory of his active 
service. 

Resolved, That while the members of this 
lOrange mourn the loss of this brother who 
perved us faithfully as chaplain, was friendly 
to all, regular in attendance, and an inspira- 
tion to us. we are mindful of the greater 
loos sustained by his family, and we extend 
them our heartfelt sympathy. 

Resolved, That our charter be draped for 
a period of thirty days ; that these resolu- 
tions be recorded on our minutes, and a copy 
be sent to the family and published in 
.Orange Ne'U's. 

Paul E. Neppks, 
Minnie Neppes, 
.Tames P. McLaughlin, 
Elizabeth B. McLaughlin, 
Committee. 

U. CLYDE KELLY 

Whereas, It has pleased our heavenly 
JPather to remove from our midst Brother 
M. Clyde Kelly, be it 

Resolved, That we, members of Penn 
XJrange, No. 1668. extend to the bereaved 
/amily our heartfelt sympathy in their loss 
which is our loss also. 

That we drape our charter for thirty days 
in his memory. 

That a copy of these resolutions be sent 
•to the bereaved family. 

That they be recorded on our minutes and 
published in the Grange News. 

Catherinf Irwin, 
Henry HorMEisTER, 
Inez Caldwell, 

Committee. 

D01JDS 

Whereas, It has pleased our heavenly Fa- 
ther to remove from our midst Sister Alice 
Douds, an active and loyal worker of Burg- 
gettstown Orange, 1502, be it 

Resolved, That we extend to the bereaved 
family our sincere and heartfelt sympathy. 

That our charter be draped for a period 
or thirty days In her memory, that thesf^ 
resolutions be rerordrd on our minutes a 
copy sent to the family and published In 

^JIANQE Ne\V8, 

Sarah Wells Moobe, 

Mrs. L. C. Smti.rt. 

^Rs. Henry Goltbryahn. 



DIL8 

Whereas, It has pleased our heavenly 
Father to remove from our midst, our Bro- 
ther Ray I. DUs, Chaplain of Woodslde 
Grange, No. 1008 ; 

Resolved, That while we bow to the will 
of the Almighty, we hereby express our sense 
of loss, and express our sincere sympathy 
to the family ; 

Resolved, That these resolutions be re- 
corded in our minutes, a copy sent to the 
bereaved family and published In the 
Grange News. 

Lela O. Rohrer. 
James S. Rohrer, 
W, C. Rohrer. 

Whereas. The Master of all has seen fit 
to call from our midst to the heavenly home 
above. Sisters : Anna Pflugh, North Se- 
wlckley : Julia Young, North Sewickley ; 
Mrs. .Johnson. Centre; Katherlne Eckert, 
Marlon ; Sarah Laughlln, Hookstown. Bros. : 
Chas. Reed, Falrview ; Robt. Campbell. 
Center; Ben Lutton, Brighton; Fred Bar- 
clay, Falrview Juvenile. Be it 

Resolved, That we, members of Beaver 
County Pomona Grange. No. 66, who sadly 
miss our sisters and brothers, extend our 
deepest sympathy to their respective fam- 
ilies, record these resolutions in our minutes, 
and send a copy to Pennsylvania Orange 
News. 

Newton R. McBride, 
Meryl Ford, 
Beaver County Pomona Orange, 

Resolution Committee. 

HILL 

WHEmEAs, Death has removed from us 
our ever faithful Brother Wm. F. Hill, 
organizer and member of Big Valley Orange 
No. 1417. An ardent enthusiast in all 
Grange work, local county. State and Na- 
tional ; tirelessly serving In many respon- 
sible positions. Yet ever ready to lend a 
helping hand to any member or Grange in 
need of encouragement ; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we, the members of Big 
Valley Orange, No. 1417, extend to the be- 
reaved family our sincere sympathy, drape 
our charter In his memory for a period of 
thirty days, that these resolutions be re- 
corded in our minutes and published in the 
Grange News. 

Rat Brown, 
Dorothy Kennedy, 
Lulu McCool, 

Committee. 
LUCE 

Whereas, It has pleased our heavenly 
Father to remove from our midst, Sister 
Emma Luce, an active and loyal member 
of Keiserville Grange. No. 508. one who 
ever held dear the principles of the order, 
who will also be remembered for her faith 
In God. and her beautiful character : there- 
fore be It 

Resolved, That we extend to the bereaved 
family our sincere and heartfelt sympathy, 
drape our charter for thirty days, record 
these resolutions upon our minutes, send a 
copy to the family and have the same pub- 
llshrd In the Pennsyt-vanata Grange News. 
Mrs. Maybelle Barton, 
Mrs. Alicf Crawford. 
Mrs. Reba Brown 

_ , ^„ ..^ „ Committee. 

July 12. 19.35. 



RELIEF STOPPED TO COMPEL 

MEN WORK DT FIELDS 

State relief administrators acted 
arbitrarily throughout the wheat belt 
today to cut from the dole every male 
physically able to handle a pitchfork. 

Relief heads were supported by the 
Federal Government in their cam- 
paign to put able-bodied relief clients 
to work in the harvest fields. 

"No work, no food" was the edict 
laid down by Tom Berry, South Da- 
kota's cowboy governor. His example 
was followed by many other relief ad- 
ministrators, a survey disclosed. 

The South Dakota action was the 
most drastic reported. Governor Berry 
estimated that 25,000 persons, 19,000 
of them heads of families, were af- 
fected by the state-wide order, now in 
effect. 

In Iowa, the heart of the corn belt, 
relief stations in a dozen counties 
were closed today and the state ad- 
ministrations threatened to halt all aid 
if the unemployed refused to work in 
the fields. 

Ernett Witte, Nebraska relief head, 
stopped work projects in rural areas 
and announced that no rural relief 
clients will be certified on the state 
rolls until after the harvest season. 

In downstate Illinois, relief admin- 
istrators set a precedent when they cut 
two unemployed off the dole when 
they refused to go to work. Relief 
officials said the practice would con- 
tinue. 

Governor Berry acted after a dele- 
gation of farmers protested grain was 
rotting in the field because jobless 
men refused to take up the pitchfork. 

In Michigan physically able relief 
clients in forty-nine agricultural 
counties will be denied relief after to- 
day, William Haber, state relief di- 
rector, announced. Kansas, leading 
wheat producing state, reported no 
labor shortage. The Wisconsin relief 
administration was reported "whit- 
tling down" employment on its work 
projects. 



MEMBERSHIP CAMPAIGN 

As the Grange year is rapidly pggg 
ing, many encouraging reports coai 
to our office. Some Pomonaa assure 
us that they will make a gain of m 

Before planting a new crop this 
season, first learn if the crop pays in 
the districts where it is best " 



A home and its surroundings must 
be attractive for the farm family to 
enjoy life to the fullest extent. 



Classified Column 



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LECTUEER'8 ASSISTANT — 40 pagee ol 
Ideas, special programs, features and ml*. 
cellaneouB suggestions. FIFTY PRQGRAlii 
— complete programs outlined for thalZ! 
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Information regarding treatment from which 
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INTRODUCTORY OFFER— Kodak roll de- 
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Photo Co.. Box 590, Scranton. Pa. 



SMOKERS — Save real money buy, dlreet 
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LOW PRICE on big Pedigreed Chmtm 
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Cassrl, Hershey, Pa. 



HORSEMEN TO SHOW AT 

FIELD DAY AND PICNIC 

Indiana County horse and mule 
owners will show their stallions, 
mares, and colts at a field day and 
picnic at the Indiana Fair Grounds, 
Saturday, August 24th, County Agent 
J. W. Warner announces. 

More than 40 cash prizes will be 
awarded, as well as special premiums. 
Yearlings enrolled in the Keystone 
Gold Medal Colt Club, a project of 
the Pennsylvania State College Agri- 
cultural Extension Service, will be 
weighed and medals awarded to the 
winners. Young colts will be weighed 
in for the club for the following year. 

Last year 53 horsemen exhibited 
137 head of horses and mules at the 
field day and picnic. More than 3,000 
persons attended in spite of a down- 
pour. 



POULTRY 



CHICKS '''°™ Antigen BWD Tested 
waaiwr^^ "ocks. Barred Rocks, Red?, 
wTilte Leghorns $6.50. Order now. FRBI 
circular. W. A. Lauvkr, 239 Kellervllle Rd., 
McAllstervllle, Pa. 

QUALITY CHICKS— White Leghorns, New 
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Plum Cheek Poultry Farm, Sunburt, Pi. 



FOR SALE 

Registered Jersey Cattle, and Ches- 
ter White Swine. Our dairy herd 1» 
headed by the sire of the Grand Cham- 
pion Cow of the 1935 Farm Show, uA 
twenty of his daughters. 

J. A. BoAK & Sons, 
New Castle, Pa. 



A day's work is a day's work, neither 
more nor less, and the man who does 
it needs a day's sustenance, a night's 
repose, and due leisure, whether he be 
painter or plowman.— Bernard Shaw. 

Never hesitate to ask for advice, 
everybody likes to give it. 




Write for Folder telling why leading fi"°* 
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Write for Folder and Samples. Dealers wanud- 

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August, 



1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 15 



Tc THE CONSTITUTION 
^ ADAPTABLE TO 

MODERN CONDITIONS? 

(Concluded from page 4.) 

member that the Constitution provides 
Sat the governemnt has only the pow- 
ers granted it by the states and that 
all powers not granted are reserved to 
the states or the people thereof. 

The agency to decide between the 
iurisdiction of the Federal Govern- 
ment and the states is the Supreme 
Court, and John Marshall as Chief 
Justice speaking for the Court with 
irresistible logic asserted the power of 
the courts to determine and declare 
when an act of Congress was contrary 
to the provisions of the Constitution. 
If such power did not reside in the 
courts there would be no effective pro- 
tection afforded to the rights of mi- 
norities which the Constitution was 
intended to protect, and in fact there 
would be no Constitution. 

The Constitution is the heart of the 
liberty of the individual American, 
and it is the function of the Supreme 
Court to protect it. I do not regard 
the Constitution of the United States 
as a sacred document in all of its de- 
tails to be considered as immune to 
change or criticism, but I say that 
while the Constitution itself is not 
sacred, the principles of representative 
democracy embodied in the document 
are sacred to those who believe in this 
form of government. Our Constitu- 
tion is 146 years old, and therefore 
outgrown, the critics say, yet prin- 
ciples of freedom and of justice are 
immortal. You may make some 
change in the framework, but to alter 
or amend the foundation stone will de- 
stroy the structure. The issue may 
come before the people by attempting 
to reverse the 10th Amendment which 
says that, ''Powers not delegated to the 
United States by the Constitution nor 
prohibited to it by the states, are re- 
served to the states respectively or to 
the people." It may come in the pro- 
posal now being made by a member of 
the President's Cabinet who desires a 
constitution subject to change by a 
popular majority of the nation as a 
whole without regard to the sover- 
eignty of the states, and that such 
amendments be submitted by a non- 
elective board appointed by the Presi- 
dent. This plan would destroy one of 
the most important of the checks and 
balances devised by the wisdom of the 
lounders. Others of influence desire 
that the Supreme Court be denied the 
power to declare unconstitutional an 
act of Congress. 

, Americans have confidence in Amer- 
ica because the Constitution stands a 
bulwark against confiscation of the 
property or liberty of the individual 
^7 temporary majorities, and because 
an impartial court— withdrawn from 
'he atmosphere of partisan politics and 
enjoying tenure in judicial office for 
'"e-~coiild speak the la.'^t considered 
ana deliberate word on the validity of 
congressional enactments. The pro- 
P^^'a' to strike out or amend the Com- 
•^erce Clause to give the Federal Gov- 
JJjnment control of all activities solely 
J^thin a state, in its practical applica- 
"on, destroys the most important of 
^^te rights and makes the states 
^«rely districts to the central govern- 
\\^ i ",^^ i^ay mean in the end even 
^'^^ abolition of the states. 

1 have no quarrel with those who de- 
je to change the Constitution by the 
jy^y methods prescribed. In this 
."^ country that is their privilege, 
JJ^ It IS the duty of those of us op- 



fon A ' aestruction ot the very 

?reat^*^^^ stones upon which our 
hftpA ^fPresentative dcmocrncv has 
^l builded to fight to the last ditch 
preserve those things our forefa- 



thers gave their lives for us to enjoy. 
Again I say the Constitution is not 
sacred in all its provisions — only the 
basic principles sought to be protected 
by the Constitution are sacred and 
vital to the life, liberty and chance of 
happiness of every American. I hope 
I have made myself clear that it is 
these principles of the Constitution 
which we must preserve; the prin- 
ciples of representative democracy; 
home rule and to maintain our confed- 
eration of states; to preserve the 
checks and balances the founders so 
wisely adopted against mob rule, the 
independence of our three branches of 
government ; and to prevent any 
abridgment of the present power of 
the Supreme Court of the United 
States. 

To illustrate still further my con- 
ception of the difference between a 
principle and a change that should be 
made in the Constitution, may I refer 
to an amendment to the Constitution 
I have introduced to tax bonds that are 
now exempt from taxation. There are 
ninety billions of tax-exempt bonds in 
this country to-day. That is to say, 
bonds of the Federal, states and locali- 
ties and other bonds guaranteed by the 
Federal Government. The issuance of 
tax-free bonds gives to the wealthy a 
refuge to avoid taxes, and is an in- 
centive to extravagance by our govern- 
ment, as the tax-exempt privilege pro- 
vides a ready market for such bonds 
at lower rates of interest than pre- 
vails for commercial loans. Therefore, 
the evils, as I view the matter, are 
threefold. We are establishing a great 
source of securities where taxation can 
be avoided. Secondly, the tax-exempt 
feature makes such bonds more readily 
salable and encourages their unneces- 
sary issuance which must later be paid 
in principle and interest from general 
taxation; and lastly, the tax-exempt 
provision of public securities attracts 
investment funds from productive 
business enterprise. I mention this to 
make clear the difference between an 
amendment to the Constitution to cor- 
rect an evil as compared to an amend- 
ment to destroy a vital principle. The 
preservation of the fundamental prin- 
ciples of the Constitution is even more 
essential in the complexities of our 
modern civilization than ever before 
if inalienable rights and liberties are 
to be protected by constitutional law, 
which has given to the average man 
and woman in America a better chance 
of success and happiness than in any 
other nation in the world. 

Ill conclusion, I want to thank the 
National Grange for the honor paid 
me in permitting me to speak to you. 
For many years I have had the priv- 
ilege of being a member of the Grange, 
and as a farmer I desire to express my 
appreciation for the sound and con- 
structive services that this great or- 
ganization is rendering the farmers of 
America. 



L. RUPPIN DIES 

L. Ruppin, a former member of the 
Finance Committee of the State 
Grange, of near Akron, Lancaster 
County, passed away at the Lancaster 
General Hospital on July 23d. Mr. 
Ruppin, who was one of the best 
known farmers in Lancaster County, 
and took an active and enthusiatic in- 
terest in all movements for the better- 
ment of agricultural conditions. Mr. 
Ruppin was widely known throughout 
the state, especially in Grange circles. 
He was a charter member of Ephrata 
Grange and a Past Master of that or- 
ganization. 

At the time of his death he was 
l^resident of the Lancaster County Na- 
tional Farm Loan Association. He 
aided in the organization of the Pro- 



Dates Announced for Holding 

of Pennsylvania Fairs 

A PRELIMINARY list of eighty county and local fairs, scheduled for 
the Commonwealth between July 12th and November 2d, has been com- 
piled by the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture, in cooperation 
with the State Association of County Fairs. As explained by the officials, 
this list is preliminary and any corrections or additions should be reported 
at once to the Department of Agriculture, Harrisburg. 

In the following list, which carries the largest number of exhibitions ever 
reported to the Department, the name of the fair is given first; the place, 
second ; the date, third ; and the entire list is grouped according to the wedia 
in which the fairs will he held: 



Name of Fair and Place 



Date 



Spring Mill, Consholiocken July 12-20 

Flourtown, Flourtown Aug. 2-10 

Mifflin Co., Lewistown Aug. 5-10 

Kutztown, Kutztown Aug. 13-16 

Greene Co., Carmlchaels Aug. 14-17 

Armstrong Co., Ford City Aug. 15-17 

Blair Co., Altoona Aug. 15-18 

Carbon Co., Lehlghton Aug. 18-24 

Fawn Grove, Fawn Grove Aug. 20-24 

Butler Fair, Butler Aug. 21-24 

Grange-Centre Co., Centre Hall . .Aug. 24-30 

Jacktown, Wind Ridge Aug. 20-22 

Gala Week Fair, Red Lion Aug. 26-31 

Bradford Co., Towanda Aug. 27-30 

Clarion Co., Clarion Aug. 27-30 

Wattsburg, Wattsburg Aug. 27-30 

Bedford Co., Bedford Aug. 27-31 

Huntingdon, Huntingdon Aug. 27-31 

Bucks Co., Quakertown Aug. 27-Sept. 2 

Allegheny Co., South Park . .Aug. 27-Sept. 2 

Mercer Co., Stoneboro Aug. 30-Sept. 3 

McKean Co., Smethport.Sept. 2-5 (tentative) 

Cambria Co., Ebensburg Sept. 2-7 

Montgomery Co.. Hatfield Sept. 2-7 

Schuylkill Co., Cressona Sept. 2-7 

Somerset Co., Meyersdale Sept. 3-6 

Troy, Troy Sept. 3-7 

Fayette, Farmington Sept. 6-7 

Reading, Reading Sept. 9-14 

Llnesvilie Fair. LlnesvUle Sept. 10-12 

Mercer Central, Mercer Sept. 10-12 

Clearfield Co., Clearfield Sept. 10-13 

Juniata Co., Port Royal Sept. 10-13 

Jenner, Jennerstown Sept. 10-13 

South Mountain, Arendtsvllle ...Sept. 10-14 
Susquehanna Co., Montrose ....Sept. 11-13 

Harford, Harford Sept. 11-13 

Dayton, Dayton Sept. 11-14 

Stewartstown, Stewartstown ....Sept. 11-14 
Spartansburg, Spartansburg ....Sept. 12-14 



Name of Fair and Place Date 

Sugar Grove, Sugar Grove Sept. 12-14 

Greene Dreher, Newfoundland . . Sept. 12-14 
West Alexander, West Alexander. Sept. 12-14 

Union Co., Lewlsburg Sept. 16-21 

New Castle, New Castle Sept. 17-19 

Perry Co., Newport Sept. 17-19 

Mifflin, Newville Sept. 17-20 

Fulton Co., McConnellsburg ....Sept. 17-20 

Wyoming Co., Tunkhannock Sept. 17-20 

Gratz, Gratz Sept. 17-21 

Lehigh Co., Allentown Sept. 17-21 

Conneautvllle, Conneautvllle ....Sept. 18-20 

West Lampeter, Lampeter Sept. 18-20 

Oswago Valley, Millport Sept. 18-20 

Smythe Park, Mansfield Sept. 18-21 

Cochranton, Cochranton Sept. 19-21 

North East, North East Sept. 19-21 

Cookport, Commodore Sept. 19-21 

Youngsvllle, Youngsvllle Sept. 19-21 

Perry. Perry Sept. 19-21 

Benton, Fleetvllle Sept. 18-21 

Wayne Co., Honesdale Sept. 24-27 

Doylestown, Doylestown Sept. 24-28 

Columbia Co., Bloomsburg Sept. 24-28 

Sullivan Co., Forksvllle Sept. 25-28 

Townville, Townvllle Sept. 26-28 

Edlnboro, Edinboro Sept. 26-28 

Manhelm, Manheim Sept. 26-28 

Union Agricultural. Burgettstown ..Oct. 1-3 

York Co., York Oct. 1-5 

Lycoming Co., Hughesville Oct 2-4 

New Holland, New Holland Oct. 3-6 

Manor, Mlllersville Oct. 3-5 

Harvest Home, Columbia Oct. 8-10 

Ephrata, Ephrata Oct. 9-12 

Ulysses, Ulysses Oct. 10-12 

Myerstown, Myerstown Oct 9-11 

Venango Co., Oil City Oct. 16-18 

Turbotville, Turbotvllle Oct. 17-19 

Genessee, Genessee Oct. 31-Nov. 2 



duction Credit Association of Lancas- 
ter in 1934 and served in the past as a 
director and officer of the County To- 
bacco Growers' Association and the 
Tax Justice League of Lancaster 
County. 

Mr. Ruppin was a charter member 
of the Ephrata Lions Club and the 
first president of the organization. 

The deceased was a native of New 
South Wales, Australia. His family 
moved to California when he was three 
years of age. About thirty-five years 
ago he moved East and located in Lan- 
caster County. 

Mr. Ruppin was a member of Beth- 
any Reformed Church and a trustee 
of the congregation for many years. 

He is survived by his widow, Char- 
lotte, a member of the Home Econom- 
ics Committee of the State Grange, 
and these children: Robert Ruppin, 
Esq., at home; Babette, wife of Miles 
W. Fry, Ephrata R. 3 ; Ruth, wife of 
Edmund Lance, New York, and Helen 
Anne at home. 

The funeral was held Friday, July 
26th, with all services private from his 
late home at two o'clock. 



for practical purposes and the lessons 
exemplified are complete to detail. 
These books are listed in Grange sup- 
plies sold in the Secretary's office" on 
page five of this issue of Grange News. 



BELIEF 



NEW BOOKS ON 

GRANGE DEGREE WORK 

The Executive Committee of the 
State Grange has authorized the re- 
print of the Fifth Degree Floor Work 
by Dr. C. C. Rankin, and the printing 
of Degree work covering the lower de- 
grees. 

Dr. Rankin, who is known to our 
membership as an authority on the 
Grange Ritual has revised and brought 
up to date the work of the Fifth De- 
gree. In addition he has prepared 
work covering the first four degrees. 
The work as laid out in each of these 
books is especially adapted to the aver- 
age Grange and at the same time, the 
Grange well equipped will find either 
of the books, will -fHl their want. 
Marches, Tableaux, etc., are all plotted 



Besides setting up $60,000,000 for 
relief during the next year, the As- 
sembly took several steps in connec- 
tion with the dole problem. 

It set up a joint committee to in- 
vestigate the relief problem and re- 
port back to the next session. 

It passed a measure prohibiting re- 
lief workers from influencing the votes 
of relief recipients. 

It adopted a bill requiring banks to 
disclose deposits of persons applying 
for relief. 

It passed a bill to penalize relief 
applicants for making false state- 
ments. 

Relief investigating committees 
were set up in many counties, and 
made their reports, but in general the 
relief problem remained untouched 
awaitmg the later report of the State 
Relief Investigating Committee and 
its recommendations. 



The Young Folks of McMichaels 
Grange, No. 1817, Monroe County, 
put on a play "The Gay Pretenders,'' 
April 27th, in home grange, then on 
May 25th, the play was repeated in 
Towamensing Grange, No. 1806, to a 
full house. It was voted a grand suc- 
cess. 

CARRY ON 

Come out, a bundle of sticks is all 
you need to carry along — 

If your heart can carry a kindly 
word, and your lips a song. 

Automobiles now can be driven fas- 
ter than thS- drivers can think^which 
IS why there are so many accidents. 



♦ 4 



V a J ^ 



"Page 16 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



August, 1935 



Don't Pay a Penalty for City Traffic ! 



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The new Financial Responsibility Law may cause you to lose your license if you have an accident 
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Bntered as gecond-claaa matter at the Post Office at Harrlsburg Pa., under Act of Congreas ot March 6, 1879 



VOL XXXIl 



HARRISBURG, PA., SEPTEMBER, 1935 



Opposition to Proposed New 

Constitution Grows Daily 

The Farm Bureau ^ the State Chamber of 
Commerce f Fraternal Bodies, Civic, 
Religious and Industrial Groups 
Opposed to Issue 



THERE is no popular demand for 
a new State Constitution, but on 
the contrary each passing day re- 
veals increased opposition. The State 
Chamber of Commerce recently an- 
nounced the result of the referendum 
of that body in a vote of 15 for re- 
Tision and 87 against Constitutional 
Change. 

The Pennsylvania Farm Bureau, 
many Fraternal bodies, Civic, Reli- 
gious and Industrial groups have 
joined the opopsition to constitutional 
revision. 

The proponents are not sure of re- 
vision by any means, and if news re- 
leases are correct, the ardor and en- 
thusiasm of the Governor's Advisory 
Committee at its recent meeting must 
have been of a subdued nature. It is 
reported that only 40 of the 75 mem- 
bers attended the meeting, and there 
was disagreement as to the specific 
function of the Committee. Several 
committeemen opposed announcement 
of recommendations prior to the ref- 
erendum or other action that might 
give the appearance of a "propaganda 
instrument'* or a "campaigning 
group." One correspondent reports 
the proceedings of the Advisory Com- 
mittee meeting as follows : 

After the Governor concluded his 
address, the committee, following well- 
oiled plans to which City Solicitor 
David J. Smith, of Philadelphia, and 
former Attorney General Wm. A. 
Schnader were parties, elected Mar- 
potti permanent chairman of the 
group. 

Schnader was elected vice-chair- 
man and William Draper Lewis, of 
i^biladelphia, Secretary. Then, in 
steamroller fashion, on motion of 
•Judge Ralph H. Smith, of Pittsburgh, 
J committee on committees was au- 
thorized to direct the procedure of the 
jarious subconmiittees to be named 
^or the purpose of studying the Con- 
stitution, of which committee Wm. A. 
schnader was made chairman." 
^^t is interesting to note that the 
governor's Advisory Committee com- 
prises 28 lawyers, 13 newspaper pub- 
\Ia ^°^ editors, 11 business and 
cato^*^^^^ leaders, 7 judges, 5 edu- 
wrs, 3 laboj. leaders, but neither 
^"•^rs nor farm leaders. 
dfit, 1 ^"^® of the opposition that has 
'^^^eloped, it is generally believed that 



the Governor will endeavor to use this 
Advisory Committee of industrial, 
educational, legal and civil leaders of 
the State in a twofold purpose — to 
put over the referendum and to aid 
in drafting the document thereafter. 
A number of the Advisory Committee 
members may be candidates for dele- 
gates, should the electorate approve 
calling a Convention. According to a 
recent report, high officials of the 
Administration will carry the appeal 
for constitutional revision directly to 
the people and the Governor, the At- 
torney General Margiotti. IDavid L. 
Lawrence and others will conduct a 
whirlwind campaign in favor of re- 
vision. It is thus seen that those who 
urge revision, are chiefly persons al- 
lied with the present administration. 
The Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph under 
date of August 15th states : 

"Demagogues and agitators are 
abroad in the land and no doubt there 
are many conservative Pennsylvanians 
who fear that the constitutional con- 
vention might give these wild men an 



opportunity to get their crazy ideas 
into the Commonwealth's funda- 
mental law. The remarks of Gov- 
ernor Earle at the meeting of his ad- 
visory council on constitutional re- 
vision at Harrisburg, should allay 
these apprehensions. 

The Governor and his opponent in 
the gubernatorial campaign, Wm. A. 
Schnader, both made it plain that the 
leaders in the movement for a new 
Constitution have no intention of 
making revolutionary changes in the 
charter." 

As we view the situation, the atti- 
tude of neither of these men can be 
assuring to the taxpayer and the com- 
mon man, if we judge them by their 
own utterances. First let us present 
the views of Wm. A. Schnader on the 
subject of revision. In a speech made 
by Mr. Schnader at the Bellevue- 
Stratford Hotel in Philadelphia dur- 
ing his campaign in 1934, he was 
quoted as saying: 

"As might be expected, the Consti 
tution of 1874 is not a 1934 model. 
The Constitution was written to fit 
the days of the horse and buggy, the 
kerosene lamp, the towpath and the 
weekly newspaper. A proper Consti- 
tution would simply state the frame- 
work of the government as to its per- 
sonnel and include a bill of rights 
and nothing else. 

"The Legislature should be unre- 
stricted and allowed to meet prob- 
lems as they arise and not as under 
present conditions be bound by reg- 
( Concluded on page 4.) 



Centralization of Power Chief Aim of 
Proposed Constitution 

Grange Policy Against Centralization 

**Wc challenge anyone to show that centralization has 
brought to lines of public endeavor any added efficiency. 
Centralization does not bring efficiency but it does increase 
expenditures; it does not expedite public business, but it 
does make new jobs; it does not promote the public weal, 
but it does permit political control. But its most per- 
nicious effort is its sapping of the morale of the citizen. 
It was only after a mighty struggle and great sacrifices that 
our fathers established this governmentt the bed-rock 
principle of which was the freedom of the citizen to control 
his local affairs by his own elective officers. When that 
right is taken away from himt he loses his personal touch 
with government and is deprived that necessary stimulus 
for the support of law and constituted authority. 

**This movement for further centralization has not yet 
ceased. Even now plans are being made to revive and enact 
those plans which have been defeated. Rather should the 
pendulum swing in the opposite direction. Good Govern- 
mentt economical administration and respect for law, all 
will be enhanced by returning to the system of local gov- 
ernments, administered by local officers, elected by and 
responsible only to the people.^' 



No. 6 



MIDDLE ATLANTIC 

LECTUREES' CONFEEENCE 



At Newark, Delaware, Successfnlly 
Concluded 

The ninth annual Middle Atlantic 
Grange Lecturers' Conference waa 
held at the University of Delaware, 
Newark, Delaware, August 6th to 9th 
inclusive. While the attendance at 
this Conference was not so large as 
at former Conferences, this is ex- 
plained when we consider the small 
number of Grange Lecturers in the 
host state. These are to be congratu- 
lated in that they attended 100% 
strong. The total enrollment at the 
Conference, as taken from the regis- 
trations, was 226. This included C5 
from New Jersey, 72 from Pennsyl- 
vania, 18 from Maryland, 24 from 
New York, 47 from Delaware. 

The program presented at the Con- 
ference was both interesting and help- 
ful for Lecturers. Many group peri- 
ods for departmental work made the 
Conference individually helpful. In- 
spiring music under the direction of 
Mrs. Flora Burge was a delightful 
feature at all sessions. Addresses of 
State Master Boak of Pennsylvania, 
State Master Brooks of Maryland, 
State Master Agans of New Jersey, 
and of the host State Master, Robin- 
son, were all splendid contributions 
to the worth of the Conference. A 
group of Lecturers from our own 
state— Warren Blatt, W. S. Troxell, 
Mrs. Charlie Wilky, Miss Blanche 
Bagshaw — demonstrated a Panel Dis- 
cussion. This was noted as one of 
the high lights of the general features. 

The Conference was complimented 
in having on its program three out- 
standing National Grange speakers- 
National Master L. J. Taber, National 
Lecturer James C. Farmer, and High 
Priest of Demeter, Charles M. Gard- 
ner. All three of these brothers gave 
much of educational and inspirational 
thought to the delegates. It was left 
to Brother Gardner, the last speaker 
of the Conference, to send us all home 
with that spiritual uplift, the desire 
to achieve, that only those who have 
listened to Brother Gardner can know. 

It gives us pleasure to know that 
Brother Gardner will be in Pennsyl- 
vania August 29, 30 and 31. We can- 
not urge you too strongly to take ad- 
vantage of Brother Gardner's pres- 
ence in your vicinity by attending the 
meeting that he is scheduled to ad- 
dress. To hear him, and to take home 
his message will be well worth mak- 
ing a special effort. 



The average farm price of horses in 
Pennsylvania during the past six 
months, has been the highest of any 
corresponding period since 1921. 



Page 2 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



September, I935 



MM — — 



Grange Automobile Insurance 

LOW COST 



COUNTRY WIDE CLAIM SERVICE 

Patrons Save 35% to 60% from Prices charged by Commercial Companies 

Liability, Property Damage, Collision, Fire, Theft and /or Tornado 



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FULL STANDARD POLICIES 



A+ 



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Agents Wanted 

Desirable Territory 

>en 



OVER 20,000 PATRONS INSURED 

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insurance and wish to boost a Grange project. 

IVithout any oblization you may quott the premium to insure my car. 



Name of Vehicle 
Type of Body 



Model Serief 
Year Bailt 



No. 
Cyl. 



Moatb and Year 
Pufduwed ai new 



Type of Vehicle 
Pleaae Check 



LJ Prirate PaMcncer 
|_J Commercial Track -Ton nafe. 



LJ Para Track 
U« 



Opi 



My automobile is principally garaged and used in Township of 

and County of _ My present policy expires _ ^ 

I am a member of Grange No. 

Name - Occupation 

Mail Address ~ 

Strrct or R PD Town or City State 



Local Gtangi 



D. N«. 1 



ADAMS COUNTY 

Edcar W. Weanar. Gattysborc 

ARMSTRONG COUNTY 

Carl M. Marshmll. Dayton 

James E. Farster, Kittanntns, R. 

BEAVER COUNTY 

Armour R. Mullan, Rochestar 
Glenn Devitt, Hookstown 
Ralph S. McCUin, Beaver Falls 

BEDFORD and BLAIR COUNTIES 

V. Ross Nicodemus, Martlnsbarg 

BERKS COUNTY 

Calvin R. Bafenstose, MohrswUla 

BRADFORD COUNTY 

Joab K. Mahood. Columbia CrM« Rmi4s 
H. J. Ganffloff, New Albany 
W. J. Newell. Wellsburf, N. Y. 
Leroy Race, Wyalusinv 

BUCKS COUNTY 

Harry N. C. Cbubb, Doylestowa 

BUTLER COUNTY 

Geo. C. Schweinaberf, Butler 
Dwifbt Crulckahank. Valencia 

CAMBRIA COUNTY 

Stanton J. Evans, Ebensburc R. D. N«. B 
H. M. Mohler. Carrolltown 
Catberine M. Skelley, Wilmora 

C. T. Settlemyer, Wilmora 

CARBON COUNTY 

Russell H. Snyder, Palmerton 

CENTER AND CLINTON 

D. W. Miles, State College, P. 

CHESTER and DELAWARE COUNTIB8 

Earle G. Reiter, Glenmore 

James E. Brown, Nottlncbam 

Cbarles W. Davis, West Cbestar, R. D. N«. I 

CLARION COUNTY 

Geo. E. Henry, New Betblebeai 

CLEARFIELD COUNTY 

J. Walter Hamer, West Decatar 
Wm. A. Hipps, Curwensvllle 

COLUMBIA COUNTY 

Wayde G. Robblns, MillvllU 
Elmer E. Sbultz, Benton 
Rea Croop, Briar Creek 
Daisy R. LeVan. CaUwIsaa 

CRAWFORD COUNTY 

Howard D. Amy, TownviUe 
WUbar S. Dennlnfton, Maadrllla 
Walter R. Tucker, Cambrld|ra Sprtect 
Walter Connlck, Conneaatrllla 
Nevin R. Dickson, Carry 
Walter A. Miles. Tltnsvllla 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY 

H. Glaaa Smith, Shlppensburff 

ELK COUNTY 

Was. B. Stels. Rldyway 

Artkvr Hunt, 320 Elk Ave., JohBa«Bb«r« 



COUNTIES 
O. Bra SM 



SAVE MONEY 



ERIE COUNTY 

Chas. D. Cook, Glrard 

Lester V. Evans, East Sprlnyflald 

H. D. Whitney. Carry 

N. W. Couse, North East 

FAYETTE COUNTY 

John T. Smith, Uniontown 

C. Clarence Laub, Markleysburg 

John B. Truxel, Mt. Pleasant 

FRANKLIN COUNTY 

Victor H. Myera, Waynesboro 

J. Stanley Foust, Chambersbars, R. D. No. 1 

John T. Ruhl, St. Thomas 

GREENE COUNTY 

J. E. Graham, Waynetburg 

HUNTINGDON COUNTY 

Chaa. L. Gosa, Alexandria 

INDIANA COUNTY 

C. Lynn Furmann, Home 
Irvin N. Barr, Commodore 

JEFFERSON COUNTY 

Vera E. Carr, Punxsutawnev 
Harry E. McGary, BrookvlUe 
Mary J. Baughman, SummervlUa 
E. C. Doverapike, Timblin 
J. I. Ailshouse, BrookviUe 

JUNIATA COUNTY 

BenJ. E. Groninger, Port Royal 

LACKAWANNA COUNTY 

T. M. Kresge, Falls 

Geo. E. Ames, Gouldsboro 

LANCASTER COUNTY 

Ellwood W. Stuber, Lincoln 
LAWRENCE COUNTY 

J. Francia Boak, New Castle 
Ed. W. Munn, Lowellville, Ohio 

LEBANON COUNTY 

George J. Bowman, 118 E. Penn Ave., Cleona 

LEHIGH COUNTY 

John J. Marcka, Wescoesvllla 

LUZERNE COUNTY 

Harry M. Line, Shickshlnny 

LYCOMING COUNTY 

F. Cleatus Rabbins, Muncy Vallsy 
W. Arthur WiUits, Linden 

McKEAN COUNTY 

Raymond Peterson, Kana 

MERCER COUNTY 

Harry H. Fry, GreenvlUa 

David F. Tait, Mercer 

Edgar H. Canner, Grave City 

MONROE COUNTY 

Henry C. Hoffman, Bredbaadavlllo 

MONTGOMERY COUNTY 

Marcus S. Barrett. LlidloU 



MONTOUR COUNTY 

James H. Hartman, Danvtllo 

NORTHAMPTON COUNTY 

John H. Borger, Narthampton, R. D. No. B 

NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY 

Stewart R. Wertman. Watsoatown 

Oscar L. Drumm, Sunbury, R. F. D. No. 1 

Chas. H. Marsh, Milton 

POTTER COUNTY 

Mark V. Kibbe. Ulyssoo 

Lillian P. Appleby. Sbfaaglok««aa 

Lloyd A. Tyler, Coudersport, R. F. D. No. 6 

SCHUYLKILL COUNTY 

Russel C. Teter, Barnesvillo 

SOMERSET COUNTY 
J. B. W. Stuff t, Ralphtoa 
Victor B. Glessner, Barlka 
W. M. G. Day, Rockwood 

SULLIVAN COUNTY 

Carl J. Yonkin, Dushora 

SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY 

CUrk N. Bush, Sprin«villa 
Minnion N. HalL Montrose 
Venn A. Plew, Thompson 

TIOGA COUNTY 

Dana K. Campbell, Wellsboro 

E. B. Dorsett, Mansfield 

Ira C. Luce, Westfield 

Lee N. Gilbert. Jackson Svasalt 

VENANGO COUNTY 

O. N. Moore, Emlenton 

Leo S. Bumpus, CooperstowB 

Grover P. Brown, Utica 

WARREN COUNTY 

Ralph L. Samuelson, Genaroi laavrmaoob 
Sugar Grove 

WASHINGTON COUNTY 

Thos. F. Hixenbaugh. Wayaaabwff. 

R. D. No. 2 
Ransom M. Day, WashfaigtOB 

WAYNE COUNTY 

C. L. Highhouse, Honasdolo 
Wm. A. Avery, Honesdalo 

WESTMORELAND COUNTY 

George A. Kiser, Bradenville 
John B. Truxel, Mt. Pleasant 

WYOMING COUNTY 

Tracy R. Gregory, Daltoa 
Arthur J. Davis, Nozaa 

YORK COUNTY 

Arthur N. Bowman, Haaovar 

Otto L. Spabr, DUlsbarar 

John O. Bowman, Brookslde Ave., Hanover 

UNION COUNTY 

Stewart R. Wertman, Wataoatowa 
Chas. H. Marsh, Milton 



NATIONAL GRANGE MUTUAL LIABILITY COMPANY 

(THE ONLY OFFICIAL NATIONAL GRANGE INSURANCE COMPANY) 

BRMCH OFFICE: Southeastern Division. 51 3-S1 4 Mechanics Trust BIdg.. HARRISBUR6, PA. HOME OFFICE: KEENE. NEW HAMPSHIRE 



September, 1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 3 



federal Potato Legislation 

Drastic and Far-Reaching 



a 5 Grange News goes to press, the 
Za Warren Potato Bill was passed 
by Congress and placed upon 
the desk of the President for his sig- 
nature. This act has disturbed every 
notato grower who has learned of its 
nassage. It is estimated that there 
are more than 3,000,000 potato growers 
among the farmers of the United 
States and very few of these growers 
are familiar with the terms of the act 
since little or no publicity was given 
to this amendment added to the Agri- 
cultural Adjustment Act. Briefly 
stated, the outline of the Potato Act 
is as follows : The Secretary of Agri- 
culture is to determine in advance of 
December 1st the quantity of potatoes 
to be produced in the United States, 
and each State will be given its quota 
of potatoes to be raised. In turn, each 
county is to be given a quota, and 
lastly, each grower will be assigned 
his number of bushels that he can 

raise. 

The grower is to be given tax ex- 
emption stamps to cover the market- 
ing of the quantity which he is al- 
lowed to grow. If he should market 
more than that quota, he must pay a 
tax of three-fourth cents per pound 
of the excess, or the sum of 45c per 
bushel. 

All potatoes must be sold in ''closed 
and marked containers to which are 
attached the tax exemption stamps." 
The allotment of quotas is assigned to 
the farm and not to the farmer, so 
that a potato grower who changes his 
location must govern his production 
according to the quota which belongs 
to the farm he proposes to operate. 
There is, however, an allowance of 5% 
in each state's quota to provide for 
new growers. 

If a householder plans to grow five 
bushels of potatoes and by good luck 
harvests ten, he can not sell his little 
surplus unless he obtains a license 
from the federal government. One 
interpretation of the act is that this 
man may be fined and sent to prison 
even though he does not sell the po- 
tatoes. 

It will be recalled that the federal 
laws under which the government at- 
tempted to stop intemperance by pro- 
hibition of the liquor traffic provided 
penalties for the production and sale 
of intoxicants, but there was no such 
attempt to make it a crime to buy or 
to attempt to buy intoxicants. The 
heavy penalties, fine or imprisonment, 
or both that are provided for violation 
of the law apply to the buyer as well 
^ the seller who does not comply with 
the law or with the regulations made 
oy the Secretary of Agriculture. 

For the information of our readers, 
^e reprint, herewith the view as ex- 
pressed by one editor. 



has it been considered a crime for a 
farmer to raise potatoes beyond a pre- 
scribed limit? When have fines and 
penitentiary sentences even been sug- 
gested to enforce mandatory control? 
The wonder is that the zealots of the 
Agricultural Department have not 
gone even farther. Why not the elec- 
tric chair for excess production of po- 
tatoes — or soup beans or parsnips? 
That would be just as sensible. 

Let us bring this potato business 
right down to the individual farmer 
of Pennsylvania, of New Jersey and 
Delaware. He is, perhaps, engaged in 
diversified farming and growing vege- 
tables for the markets. To him will 
go a potato quota which he may not 
increase. He is exempt to the extent 
of five bushels so long as he does not 
sell any of them. Nevertheless he 
must keep a record open to Govern- 
ment spies, and if he neglects to do 
so he lays himself open to a fine of 
$1000 or a year's term in the peniten- 
tiary. 

But this is only a starter. Has he 
been in the habit of selling potatoes 
freely in the open market or to whom- 
soever may buy? Very well, the hands 
of the law descend upon him. He 
will be permitted to raise a certain 
restricted number of bushels. If he 
dares to raise an extra bushel or two, 
a tax is clapped upon him of 45 cents 
for each excess bushel. He is no long- 
er permitted to sell in barrels or in 
sacks or by measure from the tail of 
a wagon. He must buy Government- 
approved containers and attach to 
them tax or tax-exemption stamps. 

No more can neighbor purchase 
from neighbor or buy loose quantities 
from stores or markets. That would 
be bootlegging. Not only would the 
farmer or dealer be fined $1000 for 
infringement of the law, which plain- 
ly demands sales in stamped packages 



such, presumably, as the Secretary of 
Agriculture will indicate, but it is 
also made a crime for any person 
knowingly to buy or offer to buy po- 
tatoes not packed in the original con- 
tainer. If convicted a second time, 
either seller or purchaser or both 
would be subject to imprisonment. 

During the period of prohibition a 
bootlegger of liquor could be fined or 
jailed, but the Government never had 
the temerity to send anyone to prison 
who bought or offered to buy. Evi- 
dently bootlegging of potatoes is 
deemed far more criminal than that, 
of whisky or beer. 

These men at Washington who have 
been dealing with agriculture have 
been progressing on a plan deliberate- 
ly devised. They started with cotton 
and wheat and tobacco, and, through 
a processing tax levied upon the man- 
ufacturer of these products, and most- 
ly passed along to the ultimate 
consumer, paid the farmer for de- 
creasing his output. But the farmer, 
bereft of his acreage for his standard 
product, has turned to something else. 
Potatoes in some sections have been 
grown extensively. So have other 
farm products. 

To date AAA now controls four- 
teen crops. But this is only the begin- 
ning. Its administrators have been 
entirely frank in declaring their ob- 
ject, which is to put under compul 
sory supervision every farm and every 
farmer in the land. The Pennsylvania 
agriculturist, about to be submitted 
to arbitrary direction concerning po- 
tatoes, will wake up some fine morn- 
ing to discover that quotas have been 
clapped upon his beans, his peas, his 
cabbages, his carrots, his beets, even 
his lowly spinach. 

That is, he will unless he rises in 
his wrath and decrees at the polls that 
this New Deal business has gone alto- 
gether too far and that he does not 
enjoy being classed as a criminal and 
fined or jailed at the behest of some 
bureaucratic agent. — Philadelphia In- 
quirer. 



Toy not the 

electric chair? 

The country has not even a faint 
realization of what is taking place at 
Washington,'* asserts Mark Sullivan 
in his illuminating analyses that ap- 
pear in The Inquirer. Through laws so 
Intricate that only close study can 
understand them, that in some cases 
^^rry hidden meanings and unrevealed 
I'ltentions, there is being imposed up- 
^ us "not merely an enormous num- 
?^r of regulations attended by crim- 
^'^al penalties, but actually a new 
ystem, a whole new philosophy of 

i^^ and government." 

*Vhen, until Congress hurriedly 
passed the "potato bill" the other day, 



Voters Defeat Two Conventions 

The demand for a new Constitution was carried to the voters of 
the State twice before, in 1891 and in 1921. Each time the call was 
rejected. Then, as now, the Grange contended that many of the 
reforms advocated by those who favored revision can be secured with- 
out a convention. 

Now, as in 1921, the Grange is opposed to a revision of the Con- 
stitution. At that time Governor Sproul's administration advocated 
the Convention and the Grange led the fight against revision and the 
convention was defeated by a majority of 100,000 votes. 

On August 12th, Governor Earle announced that he will carry his 
fight for a new Constitution to the people in person. He said, "The 
subject is close to my heart and I am going to campaign in all parts 
of the State for the calling of a Constitutional Convention." Again, 
the Grange is compelled to oppose constitutional revision to protect 
the interest of agriculture in particular, and good government in 
general. 

In 1921, the Grange leaders had an open mind on the subject, but 
after careful thought and deliberation, they were compelled to oppose 
revision. The conditions are similar now. 

The Executive Committee of the Pennsylvania State Grange, en- 
dowed by the Constitution of the State Grange to act on all matters 
of interest to the Order, when the State Grange is not in annual 
session, together with the Legislative Committee, in two joint ses- 
sions, held in this year studied the proposed revision of the State 
Constitution from the standpoint of the ennabling act, as well as by 
the reasons given for revision by the advocates of a Constitutional 
Convention. In line with the general and established Grange policy 
it was decided to oppose revision. Reasons for this opposition have 
been widely circulated and it is hoped that all citizens interested in 
their own personal welfare and in good government will support the 
Grange position. . J. A. Boak. 



MAinr CHANGES SHOWN 

BY 1935 FARM CENSUS 

Latest information from the 1935 
census, indicates that Pennsylvania 
has 191,284 farms covering an area 
of 15,855,429 acres, with the land and 
buildings valued at $861,849,905. 

In comparison with 1930, these re- 
cent figures show an increase of eleven 
per cent in number of farms, an in- 
crease of three and a half per cent in 
total acreage, and a decrease of twen- 
ty-eight per cent in farm value. 

Every district in Pennsylvania 
gained in number of farms, with the 
greater increase in the western half 
of the State. The acreage gain was 
also greatest in the western counties. 
The northeastern district showed a 
slight decrease in farm acreage in 
spite of an increase in farms. 

The reduction in farm real estate 
value was remarkably uniform 
throughout the State. The decline, 
however, was slightly greater in the 
southwestern district, and least in the 
southeastern. The depreciation in 
farm value was far less in Pennsylva- 
nia than in the best farming states 
of the mid-west. 

The census shows many interesting 
trends in farming throughout the 
United States. The greatest percent- 
age increase in number of farms waa 
in New England but the greatest ex- 
pansion of land in farms was in the 
Southern and Rocky Mountain States. 
Furthermore, the greatest decrease in 
the value of farm land and buildings 
was in the mid-west. 

The census data reveals very little 
connection between the increase in 
number of farms and the increase in 
farming area. In fact, the North- 
eastern States and the Pacific Coast 
section which had the highest per- 
centage increase in number of farms 
were among the lowest in percentage 
increase in farm land. On the other 
hand, the southern states with the 
greatest expansion in farming area, 
were among the lowest in percentage 
gain in number of farms. This means 
that the trend had been toward small- 
er farms in the northeastern section 
of the country but toward larger 
farms in the southern states. 



USE OF OLEOMARGARINE 

DOUBLES IN A YEAR 

During the first six months of 1935 
production of oleomargarine in the 
United States, as represented by taxes 
paid to the Bureau of Internal Rev- 
enue, amounted to 203,379,000 pounds. 
Compared to the first half of 1934, 
these figures show an increase of 102,- 
007,000 pounds, equal to 100 per cent. 
On the other hand, during the first 
five months of the present year, the 
consumption of creamery butter 
showed a decrease of 95,000,000 
pounds. 

It will be observed from these fig- 
ures that as the sales of oleomargarine 
mounted, the consumption of butter 
decreased in almost the same propor- 
tion. It is well understood that people 
buy oleomargarine instead of butter 
because the imitation article sells for 
a few cents a pound less than the 
genuine. However, if the purpose is 
to get the greatest value for the least 
amount of money, it is a question if 
the poor man can afford to buy oleo- 
margarine at all. 

For example, the University of Ne- 
braska recently conducted some inter- 
esting experiments on rats, to deter- 
mine the relative food value of oleo- 
margarine and butter. Only two of 
19 samples of the oleomargarine used 
contained enough vitamine A to per- 
mit rats to grow, even when the mar- 
garines were used in amounts ten 
times as great as were the butters! 



Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



September, I935 



OPPOSITION TO PROPOSED 
KEW CONSTITUTION 

GROWS DAILY 

(Concluded from page 1.) 

ulations framed for the year 1874. 
Our present Constitution is danger- 
ous as well as obsolete" Mr. Schnader 
also urged revision on the ground that 
it would undoubtedly lead to a re- 
duction in the State's present 5,600 
units of local government. There cer- 
tainly is not much assurance for the 
preservation of the fundamental char- 
acter of our Constitution in Mr. 
Schnader's statement. Neither can 
the average man find assurance in tho 
Governor's attitude for he calls Fifty 
Million Dollars "Insignificant." In 
commenting upon the Governor's ad 
dress to the Constitutional Advisory 
Committee the Latrohe Bulletin of 
August 14th had this to say edi 
torially : 

"Governor Earle, in addressing the 
Constitutional Advisory Committee, 
appointed by him some time ago, 
spoke with indications of feeling when 
he referred to the fact that the Sen- 
ate had succeeded in incorporating a 
provision in the bill for a Constitu 
tional Convention, which would serve 
to restrain the convention from em- 
IK)wering the Legislature to borrow 
in excess of $50,000,000, without the 
special consent of the people. 

"$50,000,000 'Insignificant' 

*^ere is what the Governor said, 
respecting the sum of $50,000,000. 

"'While this amount may seem 
large it is insignificant in a State 
which spends nearly a quarter of a 
billion dollars a year (Pennsylvania 
never spent such a sum before Mr. 
Earle became Governor). Such a re- 
striction permits no latitude for an 
emergency, as we readily see when we 
realize that our relief costs alone for 
the next year will be $61,500,000, and 
that the $50,000,000 maximum is not 
sufficient even to provide for capital 
expenditures which are necessary at 
the present time. 

"*So far as I can determine, the 
damage caused by the insertion of this 
restriction upon borrowing power is 
irreparable, and you (the advisory 
committee) will be forced to evolve a 
sound system of State financing. I 
mention this solely because my Ad- 
ministration as sponsor of the re- 
vision movement cannot and will not 
take responsibility for any difficulties 
which may arise in the future as a 
result of this particularly vicious 
political manipulation of the Consti- 
tutional revision bill.' 

"If Governor Earle only realized it, 
it is that very restriction inserted by 
the Senate that allows the revision 
proposition a chance of being favored 
by the people of the State. 

"If the Governor only realized it, 
there is a very definite feeling in 
Pennsylvania against indebtedness on 
a large scale — and the restriction in- 
terposed by the Senate well might be 
the Governor's most potent talking 
point in urging the people to vote for 
revision. 

"But alas I the Governor disavows 
the restriction, and condemns it as 
vicious. 

"Federal Indebtcdnest 

"The people of Pennsylvania, hav- 
ing seen the Federal Government go- 
ing deeper and deeper into debt until 
the total frightens anybody who ven- 
tures to think about how the debt can 
be paid, would be most unlikely to 
give Governor Earle — hi msel f a 
spender of no small reputation — carte 
blanche with the people'^ "money. If 
the Governor is wise, and if he really 
wants a new Constitution, the very 



first thing he ought to do would be 
to assure the people that the new 
Constitution would have in it a clause 
to the effect that the Legislature could 
not borrow more than $50,000,000 
without the direct consent of the peo- 
ple. That's what the Governor ought 
to stress most in the speeches he pro- 
(>oses to make in trying to enlist votes 
for a Constitutional Convention. 

"But alas! he starts out by calling 
$50,000,000 an 'insignificant' amount, 
and by declaring that it was a 'vic- 
ious' act upon the part of the Senate 
^vhen it provided that if there should 
be a new Constitution, it could not in- 
crease the Legislature's borrowing 
power beyond the limits of $50,000,- 
000." 

Increased Borrowing Means Higher 
Taxes 

"This paper agrees that there are 
some phases of the Constitution which 
should be rewritten but these changes 
can be arrived at through amendment 
if they are necessary to the state's 
welfare. 

"Increased borrowing power and 
greater levying power asked by the 
revisionists only increase the cost of 
government and now if ever there is 
need for drastic reduction of gov- 
ernmental costs. Centralization of 
power at Harrisburg is another thing 
the revision would bring about. 

"In these days of unrest and uncer- 
tainty widespread governmental 
changes are not desired. Calmer time^ 
and cooler heads are needed to brinf- 
about shifts in government that will 
bring the most good to the greatest 
number of people. Voters interested 
in low-cost government should vote 
'No' to the question, 'Shall a Con- 
stitutional Convention Be Called V " 
— Belle Vernon Enterprise. 

Prosperous Under Present Constitution 

The State Grange's opposition to 
constitutional changes in Pennsyl- 
vania is an important move. The 
country prospered under the old Con- 
stitution and there is no reason why 
not to expect a return to prosperity 
under the same Constitution. 

The "Law of Supply and Demand" 
has not been tried to any extent since 
the depression developed. About 
everything but that important old 
law, coupled with the Golden Rule, 
has been tried, however without great 
benefit. 

Perhaps if we will decide that the 
Constitution does not need tinkering 
with, and that we can all get along if 
we keep in mind the fundamentals 
which made this nation great, the 
trend will be back toward certainty, 
and away from the doubt and uncer- 
tainty now prevalent. — Susquehanna 
Ledger. 

Slowly, but most certainly, the 
battle lines are being drawn for the 
campaign this fall over the proposed 
constitutional revision program. One 
of the initial organization assaults 
upon the proposed convention comes 
from that powerful rural organization 
known as the Pennsylvania State 
Grange. It is a closely knit body and 
generally has its way. It is not averse 
to taking a hand in politics when 
issues are before the state which the 
Grange decides are not to the best 
interests of the people. — Oreenshurg 
Review. 

Opposition Grows 

Considerable opposition of a non- 
partisan nature seems to be develop- 
ing against the approval of constitu- 
tional revision at the September pri- 
maries. Numerous patriotic societies 
have been in the field against the pro- 
posal for some time and now comes the 
State Grange to enter the campaign 



against it. Those familiar with the 
history of attempts to revise the State 
Constitution generally give credit to 
the Grange as having wielded the bal- 
ance of power in the past which car- 
ried these efforts down to defeat. — 
Phillipshurg Ledger. 

"Delegates to the proposed conven- 
tion will be free agents, bound in no 
particular by any group. A single 
limitiation has been placed upon the 
work of the convention by the legis- 
lature, namely, that the Clonstitution 
shall limit indebtedness by the State 
to $50,000,000. Later on if voters de- 
sire to increase or decrease this limi- 
tation it may be done by amendment. 
Just how binding such limitation as 
fixed by the legislature may be is a 
debatable question. It has never been 
done before." — Scranton Times. 

Voters, Play Safe 

The Earle administration worried 
over a lack of enthusiasm for a new 
state constitution has opened its cam- 
paign to arouse public interest favor- 
able for a constitutional convention. 
The State Grange is openly and ac- 
tively opposing a constitutional con- 
vention at this time. The move for 
the convention originated early in the 
Earle administration. The chief rea- 
son cited for such a convention was 
to revise the Constitution to remove 
the limitation on the borrowing power 
of the State. Many people, Demo- 
crats and Republicans, believe it 
would be dangerous to remove the 
debt limitations. In passing the reso- 
lution authorizing the referendum 
Republican legislators forced into the 
measure a provision limiting the fu- 
ture debt of the Commonwealth, if the 
convention is approved to not more 
than fifty million dollars. If the ref- 
erendum does not favor a convention, 
the matter will end there for the pres- 
ent and the debt limit of the State 
will remain at one million dollars. 

In acting on this referendum, voters 



should remember that increasing debt 
means increasing taxes. 

Government gets no revenue excent 
from the people. 

If we plunge our state into debt, we 
must expect to pay the debt. Xh 
greater the debt, the higher will Kp 
the taxes that must be assessed to pny 
debt and interest. 

Since increasing the public debt of 
the State was made the main issue bv 
those who sponsored the program to 
rewrite the (^Constitution, we think the 
wisest and safest course the people can 
follow is to vote against a constitu- 
tional convention. 

The convention itself would entail 
a huge expense on the taxpayers 
which would be in addition to new 
heavy tax burdens to which the con- 
vention might open the way for im- 
position in the future. 

Play safe by voting against in- 
creasing the State's debt fifty or more 
times. The surest way to prevent this 
is to vote down the referendum. The 
word is already out, whether threat 
or propaganda, that a special session 
of the Legislature will be called before 
the end of the year, possibly in No- 
vember, if the referendum fails to 
carry. Even so, it may be much "bet- 
ter to endure the ills we have than fly 
to others we know not of." — Beavir 
Times. 



THE REASON 



Johnny from the country was visit- 
ing his aunt in town, and the tali 
turned on his father. 

"There are no flies on your father," 
said Aunt Annie, proud of her broth- 



er. 



"There's no flies on our old cow, 
either," announced Johnny. "We 
spray her." 



Q. — "What odd number becomes 
even when its first letter is removed?" 
A.— "Seven." 



Pennsylvania State Grange 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY 

PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 

Grange Seals $5.00 

Digest .60 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, per set of 9 '. '. '. . . . . '. '. . 3.00 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, single copy -^0 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 ..................[.... 4.00 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy -35 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 3.25 

Constitution and By-Laws .10 

Degree Work, First 4 degrees by Dr. Rankin .50 

Fifth Degree Floor Work, by Dr. Rankin 50 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony 15 

Song Books, "The Patron," board covers, cloth, singie copy or less than 

half dozen ^ ^ .60 

per dozen !!!!!!!!.!..!!.*!!.!!. c.oo 

per half dozen 3 ^ 

Dues Account Book .'!!!.]!..!!! -^^ 

Secretary 's Record Book .'•.............................. -^ 

Labor Savings Minute Book 2.75 

Treasurer 's Account Book -................[.............. -60 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange to Pomona, per hundred -75 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 25 ... .70 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 100 2.75 

Roll Book '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. '.'.'.'. .75 

Application Blanks, per hundred -^ 

Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred '. .50 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty -25 

Notice of Arrearage, per hundred !..*!!]!.!!.!! '.'..'.'.'. -^^ 

Notice of Suspension, per hundred !.*.!!.]!! '. '^ 

Secretary 's Receipts, per hundred -^^ 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred .30 

Treasurer 's Receipts '. -^ 

Trade Cards, per hundred -^ 

Demit Cards, each -01 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer Whitehead) .1^ 

Grange Cook Books, each .75 

Grange Radiator Emblems "......................[ -^ 

In ordering any of the above supplies, the cash must always accompany the 
ordei\ The Secretary is not authorized to open accounts. 

T .^^"^^^tances should be made by Postal Money Orders, Checks, or Registered 
l^etter. Orders for supplies must bear the Seal of the Grange for which ordered- 

By order of Executive Committee, 

John H. Light, Secretary. 



5epterober, 1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 



fhe Most Important Issue 
Before Farmers of Pennsylvania 



Ul^TIL recently, the attitude of 
Pennsylvania toward the pro- 
posed Constitutional Convention 
has been one of such general apathy 
that those who wish to sell them the 
convention have become alarmed, fear- 
ing that the number of buyers might 
not be sufficient to legalize the sale. 

Therefore the most elaborate prep- 
arations are being made in certain 
quarters to stimulate a demand for 
the convention that the people as a 
whole have not been conscious of. 

Pursuant to an Act of the last leg- 
islature, the question as to whether or 
not a Constitutional Convention shall 
be called will be submitted to the vot- 
ers at the Primary Election Septem- 
ber 17. 

In 1891 and in 1921 this same ques- 
tion was before the people and in each 
instance the proposition was defeated. 

It is possible that the memory of 
those adverse majorities is responsible 
for the feverish anxiety of the advo- 
cates of the convention in this in- 
stance. In any event, all the force 
and power, at the command of the 
administration at Harrisburg is to be 
brought into play to sell the conven- 
tion idea to the people of Pennsylva- 
nia thus making the issue definitely 
one of partisan politics. 

Governor Earle has announced his 
intention to stump the State to fight 
for a new constitution, Attorney Gen- 
eral Margiotti, David L. Lawrence 
and other State officers, together with 
the Governer's Advisory Committee 
are expected to be on the firing line. 

On August 20, leaders of Pennsyl- 
vania's democracy opened a state-wide 
campaign to modernize the state's 61- 
year old constitution. The Governor 
and Secretary of *the Commonwealth 
David L. Lawrence, who is also State 
Chairman of his party, told a meeting 
of the Committee of County Chairmen 
that Pennsylvania's basic law must be 
revised if the state is to keep pace 
with modern trends. 

They urged the county chairmen to 
?o back to their districts and conduct 
militant campaigns to tell the voters 
that the constitution should be re- 
vised. 

The state committee adopted a res- 
olution pledging unqualified support 
of revision. 

Thus it is seen that the issue has 
pecome a political issue with the party 
in power leading the fight for revision. 
Ihis is to be regretted for under such 
circumstances, any merit attached to 
need of revision will be submerged. 
A constitution written and adopted in 
^nch manner is least to be desired. 

Additional reasons for our opposi- 
lon are given herewith, and the in- 
tense political activity in behalf of 
revision, make it incumbent upon 
^^ery reader to study this proposition 
irom every angle. 

'a) INCREASED BORROWING POWER 
The Grange says:— Pay-As- You-Go 

One of the chief reasons for the de- 
"land of a new Constitution was ex- 
pressed by Governor Earle in his 
■P^sage to the General Assembly, 

of t^'n ^^' "^^^^ ^^ ^^^*^' "Revision 
ess ^^"stitution is absolutely nec- 
cnrff'-^' ^6"nsylvania simply cannot 
ant "^ further with the absurdly 
whi'l"^^^^ . Constitutional provision 
tn 11 aI^^*^^^^^ '^^^ borrowing capacity 

° *l.000,0OO, an infinitesimal part of 

ynnual expenditures." 
fr^j!^ , f>eliGve that the men who 
onth • present Constitution were 
^^e right track when they wrote it. 



For more than half a century, the lim- 
ited borrowing power of the Com- 
monwealth of $1,000,000 has kept the 
State out of debt. If the Constitution 
be ripped wide open, and the way 
paved for going into debt, a heavy 
debt can be the only result. The car- 
rying charges will be a great burden 
to the taxpayers and the only persons 
who will be benefited will be those 
who clip coupons. There can be no 
mistake about this, for enlarged bor- 
rowing powers mean larger expenses 
of government and will result in de- 
creased appropriations for schools and 
local purposes. 

(b) MORE LEVYING POWER 
The Grange says: — Reduce Taxes 

It is not greatly enlarged levying 
power that we need, but economy. 
Those who favor Constitutional Re- 
vision would grant the Legislature 
additional and broadened powers to 
levy taxes. Some of the added powers 
are, — 

(1) To establish maximum millage 
rates to be assessed upon real estate by 
a municipal subdivision. 

(2) To borrow money upon the 
credit of the Commonwealth. 

(3) To establish maximum limits 
for the borrowing power of municipal 
subdivisions. 

(4) To tax corporate income over 
and above the maximum percentage 
return allowed by law. 

The Grange answer to this is, "The 
imperative need as viewed by the 
Grange is to lower the cost of govern- 
ment and to practice rigid economy 
in every branch of the government. 
The Grange goes further than that. 
We believe that certain departments 
of the State government might well 
be abolished, and some bureaus could 
easily be eliminated without any in- 
jury to the efficiency of the govern- 
ment. Over a period of years we have 
advocated that public salaries in 
Pennsylvania which are fixed either 
by legislative enactment or by the Ad- 
ministrative Code might well be re- 
duced in accordance with a graduated 
scale. 

(c) Centralization of Power 
The Grange says: — Favor Local Control 

Those who favor Revision say, "The 
present Constitution blocks the way 
to many needed changes in govern- 
ment and must be modernized to meet 
new conditions." They say the present 
Constitution prevents, — 

(1) The consolidation of school dis- 
tricts. 

(2) The consolidation of townsKips. 

(3) The consolidation of poor dis- 
tricts. 

(4) The consolidation of welfare, 
hospital and relief. 

(5) The elimination of tax revision 
boards, etx;. 

(6) The elimination of county of- 
fices. 

(7) The elimination of other offices. 

(8) The reorganization of the min- 
or judiciary. 

The Grange policy on centralization 
is, "Centralization is often advanced 
with the thought, perhaps, that such 
centralization would bring increased 
efficiency with economy, has, by ex- 
perience, as we have repeatedly 
warned it would do, increased the sec- 
ond by duplication of work with the 
resultant increase of governmental ex- 
penditures. But with evident and 
striking examples of such increased 
costs and the very few instances of 
increased efficiency, much less more 




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Look around your farm. Probably 
there are plenty of places where it 
would pay to fix up with concrete 
— for concrete costs so little in 
comparison with the results it 
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favorable results, coming from such 
tendency, there continues the agita- 
tion for still more centralization with 
a further taking away from the people 
of those rights and powers reserved 
to them by our form of government, 
the ultimate certainty of all which 
must be still greater costs and still 
greater taxes." 

(d) MORE BUREAUS AND 
DEPARTMENTS 

The Grange says: — Abolish Overlapping 

Bureaus and Departments 

The centralization of governmental 
functions as proposed by those who 
favor revision can result in but one 
thing. That is, more Departments 
and Bureaus. In the interest of econ- 
omy and efficiency, the Grange be- 
lieves that useless bureaus should be 
abolished. 

" 'What constitutes a useful or use- 
less Bureau?' The latter part of the 
question is answered by the following 
description of one bureau and needs 
no further comment. A few years 
ago the Legislature enacted a law cre- 
ating the Bureau of Property and 
Supplies. It was claimed that one 
central buying agency would save the 
Commonwealth millions of dollars in 
supplying her many institutions with 
the machinery and commodities nec- 
essary for maintenance. In theory 
this seemed feasible and was accepted 
by the Legislature and by the general 
public. In actual practice, however, 
it is not doing what was claimed for 
it, and instead of saving millions has 



become an expensive burden, greatly 
retarding and interfering with the 
efficiency of our various State insti- 
tutions. 

"In proof of these statements, an 
examination of the records of one of 
them shows that there are fourteen 
distinct transactions, each with sev- 
eral subtransactions, many of which 
are made out from four to seven 
times, to be distributed and filed at 
the institution and among the several 
departments at Harrisburg, thus 
greatly increasing the clerical force 
and space for files. 

"In all probability there are twenty 
times as many transactions as were 
formerly required before central col- 
lecting and purchasing agencies be- 
came a part of the state law. The 
Bureau thus becomes an additional 
burden, preventing the very object for 
which it was created. The law should 
be repealed and the Bureau abolished, 
thereby saving the State large sums 
of money and cutting useless red tape 
that impairs the efficiency of her in- 
stitutions." 

(e) MORE POWER FOR THE 
GOVERNOR 

The Grange says: — More Power for 
People 

Those who want a new Constitution 
advocate that the Governor shall be 
eligible to succeed himself, on the 
ground that such a step would afford 
opportunity for the development of a 
continuous policy under approved 
leadership. Unfortunately, at present, 
(Concluded on page 11.) 



Page 6 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



September, I935 



Interesting Grange Happenings 



Brighton Juvenile Grange of Beav- 
er County, presented the program dur- 
ing the lecturer's hour at a meeting 
of Center Township Grange on Au- 
gust 3. 



The ice cream social held by the 
subordinates and juveniles of Asylum 
Grange, Bradford County was much 
enjoyed and financially a success. 



Brother A. M, Cornell, of St. Pe- 
tersburg, Florida, a former lecturer 
of the Pennsylvania State Grange, 
and a native of Bradford County, was 
one of the speakers at the recent meet- 
ing of that Pomona Grange. 



The annual home dedication cere- 
mony given by Lebanon County Po- 
mona Grange was held ftt the home of 
Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Gingrich, Lawn, 
on August 3. State Overseer Isaac 
Gross was the guest speaker. 



Wilmot Grange, of Bradford Coun- 
ty, conferred the Third and Fourth 
degrees on a class of five candidates, 
August 8. 



Salem Grange, Columbia County, 
decided to purchase new chairs for 
their Grange Hall at a meeting on 
July 26. . 

Members of North Sewickley Town- 
ship Grange presented a traveling his- 
tory program before Hookstown 
Grange in Raccoon Grange Hall July 
26 in the form of a "Memory Salad." 
The officers, the Executive Committee 
and other members participated. 



Armstrong Grange, Indiana Co., 
added thirty-three new members to its 
list on Wednesday evening, August 7. 
The Home Grange deg^ree team in- 
structed the new members. This is the 
largest group taken into this Grange 
recently and the membership commit- 
tee deserves congratulations for their 
good work. One hundred fifty per- 
sons witnessed the degree ceremony. 



A meeting of unusual interest to 
members of the Grange in Lawrence 
County was held on Wednesday eve- 
ning, August 7, when members of 
Eulalia Grange observed Neighbor 
Night and had as their guests the 
members of Sylvester Grange, who 
filled the officers' chairs, and Troups 
Creek Grange, who furnished the pro- 
gram. The program was varied and 
interesting. Twelve Granges were 
represented with a total of one hun- 
dred seventy-five members. 



The local Grange is making prep- 
arations for the visitation night on 
September 17, when Bernville Grange 
No. 1887 will occupy the chairs, and 
Marion Grange No. 1853 will furnish 
the program. 



Traveling scroll meeting was held 
August I'Uh at the Irish Valley 
Grange Hall, three miles east of Au- 
gustaville. with Rockefeller, Irish 
Valley and Green Briar Granges tak- 
ing part, and with eighty members 
present. The attendance was reduced 
by a heavy thunder storm shortly be 
fore the scheduled hour of the meet- 
ing. 



FIVE GRANGES 

EXHIBIT AT FAIR 

"Corporation Day," celebrated Aug. 
14, proved a boon to stockholders of 



the Kutztown Fair association. They 
were admitted free. 

Crowding the grandstand, more 
than 1,000 other spectators took in 
the night program including a band 
concert, vaudeville acts and a minstrel 
show. 



Kutztown Band Plays 

At 7 o'clock, the Kutztown band 
played a short program. After an act 
of vaudeville, Harry Webb and his 
"Dixie Minstrel Show" performed for 
the crowd. Five Granges, the Fleet- 
wood, Kutztown, Pioneers of Topton, 
Virginsville and Ontelaunee's of Lees- 
port, exhibited. 

The program was concluded by 
Catherine Wolfe and her dancing 
girls. 

Each Grange post is taken as a 
whole and Fleetwood succeeded in 
scoring 92 points out of a possible 
100. Virginville was second with 91, 
Kutztown third with 90, Topton 
fourth and the Ontelaunee Grange, of 
Leesport, was fifth. 

In the blood-tested cattle display 
and exhibit Tom Hileman's bull from 
Holidaysburg, Pa., that tips the beam 
at an even ton, took first place as 
grand champion. From here he is en- 
tered in the Ohio State Fair later in 
the season. 

This evening the Grange put on a 
program on the platform in front of 
the grandstand. Featured on the eve- 
ning program also is Harry Webb and 
his Dixie Minstrels, and a dancing 
review put on by Kathryn Wolfe and 
her dancing dolls from Reading. 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGES 

ARE FORGING AHEAD 

Membership drives in the State of 
Pennsylvania are yielding tangible 
results, with good prospects that the 
close of the year will see many new 
members in Pennsylvania. 

In York County alone, during one 
week in May, a systematic drive for 
new members resulted in the several 
subordinate granges of the county 
receiving more than 130 applications 
for membership. In another county 
one subordinate alone entered thirty- 
five new applications in five days. 

Curfew Grange in Fayette county 
has just dedicated a $12,000 hall, one 
of the finest community buildings of 
the state. So much enthusiasm was 
aroused over the completion of the 
new Grange home, that along with it 
came a class of eighty-four new mem- 
bers, who were initiated on the hall 
dedication night. This brings the to- 
tal enrollment of Curfew Grange 
above the 300 mark. 



WORK BEGUN ON GRANGE 

HOME AT LOYSBURG 

Plans were completed at the Grange 
regular meeting and work begun on 
the new auditorium to be constructed 
by the Grange at Loysburg, repairs 
being made on the wall which had 
been built at the time the schoolhouse 
was erected some eight years ago. 

This was to have been completed as 
an auditorium by the school district, 
but the federal aid was not available 
at the time, and as the school was 
later consolidated with the others in 
the township it remained unfinished. 
In June of this year the Loysburg 
Grange acquired the school property, 
securing the deed on June 11, and 
has since been arranging for the con- 
struction of the auditorium. No fed- 
eral aid will be used, the Grangers 
planning to do the work themselves. 



The schoolroom will be made into 
a meeting place for the Grange, and 
folding doors will separate it from the 
auditorium. When thrown together 
it is expected the entire hall will hold 
at least 450 people. A stage 14 x 20 
feet will be built outside the line of 
the present wall, so as to take nothing 
off the size of the hall. 

There is a finished basement to the 
building, and this will be concreted, 
and it will serve for a social room and 
kitchen, where refreshments can be 
served. It is expected to have the 
building completed before cold weath- 
er arrives. The schoolroom is at pres- 
ent occupied as a residence by Clair 
Pennel and family, and work on it 
will begin as soon as they move out. 

The auditorium will be brick cased 
to correspond with the present build- 
ing. 



FORT GRANVILLE 

GRANGE FIRST 

Fort Granville Grange won the first 
award of $50 with its elaborate ex- 
hibit in the Grange and farm club 
display at the Mifflin County Fair, 
while the Decatur Grange took second 
place and the award of $40 and Vira 
Community Club was third, winning 
the $35 award. This is a feature of 
the fair which always attracts much 
attention and draws splendid entries 
with intense competition between the 
three groups. 

Last year Decatur Grange was first, 
Vira second and Fort Granville was 
third in this competition. 

In the farm displays, Mrs. Ella 
Smith, Big Ridge Fruit Farm, won 
first award and the prize of $25. Sec- 
ond place was given the exhibit of 
Albert Lucas, gardner of the Mifflin 
County Home. This prize is $20. W. 
B. Rhine of Decatur Township took 
third place and the award of $15. In 
1934 the County Home Farm exhibit 
was first, W. B. Rhine second and the 
Smith farm third. 

The largest and best display of farm 
products, individual entries, was 
awarded to J. I. Rhine of Decatur 
Township, while W. B. Rhine had the 
second best display. 

In the vegetable department Mrs. 
Ella Smith won the award for having 
the largest and best display. Mrs. 
Dewey Wray had the largest and best 
display of canned goods. 



WOOL PRODUCTION 

CONTINUES INCREASE 

The wool clip in Pennsylvania this 
spring totalling 3,592,000 pounds was 
slightly more than last year and the 
largest since 1918, according to the 
State Department of Agriculture. 
This wool was shorn from 479,000 
sheep giving the average fleece a 
weight of 7.5 pounds. 

The total production of wool in the 
United States was about four per cent 
less than a year ago. 

Wool production in the Common- 
wealth reached its lowest point for 
more than a century in 1926 and 1927 
and has increased gradually since that 
time due to an increase in the number 
of sheep. The average weight of 
fleece is now about fifteen per cent 
greater than eighteen years ago, De- 
partment records show. 



Mother— Mary, aren't you getting 
too big to play with boys? 

Mary— No, mother; 'the bigger I 
get the better I like 'em. 



THIS SPECIAL POLICY 

GIVES BOTH SAVINGS 

AND LIFE INSURANCE 






A LL Grange members ahould know 
•bout thia policy developed espe- 
cially to meet two important needi. 
First it provides permanent protection 
— guarantees money for your family. 
Then, as you grow older you can draw 
• lump sum in cash — and still keep in 
force as much paid up insurance si 
you ^rant. 

Let us give you all the facta. No obli|ation, 
of oourae. 

Write u» today to find out how to maka 
your Grange a prize winner in the Crangt 
Life Ineurance program for 1935. 

AGENTS: Some good ttrritories are still 
open for progressive agents. Qur repre- 
sentative will be glad to discuss details. 

GRANGE LIFE 
INSURANCE 

FARMERS & TRADERS 
LIFE INSURANCE CO. 

Room 422- N 
State Tower Bldg. Syracuse, N. Y. 



APPLE CRATES 

ANY SIZE-ANY STYLE 
ASSEMBLED or KNOCK-DOWN 

Anchor Box & Lumber Co. 

N. S. PITTSBURGH, PA. 

QUOTATIONS AND SAMPLES 
CHEERFULLY FURNISHED 



It is practically impossible to be a 
deep thinker without beinp a self- 
examiner. 



STATE WILL PAY $82,449 IN 

TAXES ON FOREST LANDS 

School and road districts, and 
county treasurers throughout the 
State will receive $82,449 during the 
next two months from the Depart- 
ment of Forests and Waters as a 
nominal fee in tax against 1,648,986 
acres of State-owned forest land in 
Pennsylvania. 

Another $11,341 will be paid to 
Crawford county in county, school 
and township taxes for the area in- 
cluded in the Pymatuning Reservoir, 
making the total $93,790 that the 
State pays for the privilege of being 
the biggest individual landowner in 
Pennsylvania. 

The State pays, under the existing 
law, a fee of five cents per acre on 
forest lands in lieu of taxes. Two 
cents per acre is paid annually to the 
school districts; two cents per acre 
to the road districts, and one cent per 
acre to the county treasurers in those 
townships and counties where State 
Forests are located. 

Since 1905, in excess of $1,482,450 
has been paid into the districts and 
county treasuries of the State by the 
Department of Forests and Waters. 

Crawford County is the only politi- 
cal subdivision that collects re^la^ 
county, school, and township taxes. 
If the State paid taxes on its forest 
land under the regular assessments in 
each county, the annual taxes would 
be enormous. 

Potter County with 250.000 acres 
of State Forests, and Clinton County 
with 231,000 acres receive the larpfe'^t 
fees paid by the State on the ba^is oj 
five cents per acre for State-owned 
forest land. 



"Advise you ?" retorted the man 
the house. " I dare you 1" 



of 



September, 1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 7 




The Lecturer s Corner 

Umm, Ira 0. Gsow, State Lecture 



PO you THINK 

PENNSYLVANIA NEEDS A 

NEW CONSTITUTION? 

The Pennsylvania Grange answers 
this question with an emphatic "NO !" 
and in so doing wins universal ap- 
proval and congratulation — approval 
from thousands of Patrons in the 
state and congratulation from all 
sides. Congratulations for the cour- 
age to step boldly forth and combat 
this issue comes from private citizens, 
from great service clubs, from other 
fraternal organizations. Not only 
this, but something more tangible, 
more gratifying, is happening every 
day, and that is the pledged support 
of Subordinate Granges, of Pomona 
Granges of all these other clubs and 
organizations. 

On other pages of this issue of 
Grange News will appear a summary 
of the reasons why the Grange says 
"no" to the plan of constitutional re- 
vision. Therefore I need not take the 
space., here, to recapitulate. However, 
in the course of several weeks' inten- 
sive presentation of the Grange's posi- 
tion in this matter, some interesting 
things have come to our attention 
which we would have all our Patrons 
know. 

First of all is the result of a survey 
which we have quietly made. In order 
to have some facts to back up our con- 
tention that "there is no popular de- 
mand for revision" we have conducted 
a survey to secure the opinion of men 
and women from various walks of life. 
We have sought the leaders of pro- 
fessions, of clubs, of private enter- 
prise, of agriculture, and asked the 
question, "Do you think we need a 
new Constitution in Pennsylvania?" 
Without hesitation, with sure indica- 
tion that the reply is the result of 
deep thought, has come, in every case, 
the emphatic answer, "I do not !" We 
have yet to find one thinking person 
who has noted a desire that a Consti- 
tutional Convention be held. 

Critics might ridicule this survey 
and say that it is absurd to think that 
we could deduct any conclusion from 
it inasmuch as all the people cannot 
he interviewed. But we know that 
the opinion of a cross section of a 
oommunity, of a state, of a group, is 
pretty nearly sure to be the index of 
the opinion of the whole group. So, 
u "straws show which way the wind 
blows," we are convinced that the 
P^ple of this state do not want Con- 
stitutional Revision at this time. 

Another interesting reaction that 
has been borne in on our attention is 
the oft-expressed view that, since the 
trend of our le^^islative and executive 
branches during the past months 
•^nis to have been wholly destruc- 
tive, rather than constructive, the 
citizens of this state refuse to sanc- 
tion a demand for a new Constitution 
that would be written under such con- 
ditions. The'-e thinking people re- 
JI'inH us that the sanctity of the ^ah- 
^ath hns been broken; that the way 
has been made easy for Sunday shows 
and movies; that the safeguards for 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 

Oh EVERY DESCRIPTION 
rhm HeKogntxed Standard Everywhrnrm 

REGALIA . BADGES • EMBLEMS 

Tnok Flafs. Labor Saving Booka 
N*»f»d tn» CattUogtt* 

^ « ««IN8RIDGE„ STRACUSf H t 



our youth have been cast aside; that 
sale of liquor has been made easier; 
in fact, it seems that everything de- 
structive in morals and decency had 
been attempted, and nothing construc- 
tive. It is well for all of us to pause 
to consider this indictment. 

The Grange says "No" to a new 
Constitution because wo want econ- 
omy, not more debt. 

The Grange says "no" to a new Con- 
stitution because we want restraint 
and stability, not more power to de- 
partments. 

The Grange says "no" to a new Con- 
stitution because we would preserve 
the sanctity of the courts, not curb 
them. 

But over and above all these con- 
siderations we say "no" to writing a 
new Constitution at this time because 
we fear the tendency toward destruc- 
tion of fundamental principles, and 
the evident lack of any constructive 
thought. 

The Grange, as an organization, 
prides itself on its thought and care 
for the youth of the community. It 
is one of our Purposes. Dare we, in 
the light of this purpose, give our con- 
sent to the making of a new Consti- 
tution at a time characterized by a 
spirit of unrest and lack of judgment? 
Dare we allow to be made for their 
guidance, a document whose sponsors 
are pledged to tear down the old order 
of things and inject the new? 

Let us, as true Grange Patrons, 
study this matter of rewriting the 
Constitution of our State with calm 
deliberation. Let us weigh the many 
things that we stand to lose against 
the few doubtful things that might be 
gained. I^t us rally, again, to do 
what we have accomplished before. 
May we all go to the voting places on 
September 17th filled with a high re- 
solve to lay aside partisan preference; 
to forget politics and parties; but to 
remember that we are Parents; Pa- 
trons; Citizens; BUILDERS, ALL. 

Mrs. Ira C. Gross. 



Present as visitors were Past Master 
E. B. Dorsett, Past State Lecturer 
Brother Cornell, Past State Lecturer 
Ira C. Gross, and the present State 
Lecturer Mrs. Ira C. Gross. Brother 
Dorsett and Sister Gross presented the 
Grange position on the matter of Con- 
stitutional Revision, at the conclu- 
sion of which the Pomona Grange 
passed a Resolution testifying to its 
opposition to the writing of a New 
Constitution. Coming from such a 
large gathering this action was tre- 
mendously encouraging. 

On August 16th, Rundells Grange 
of Crawford County held its annual 
get-together picnic. Ira C. Gross, 
Past State Lecturer, and Mrs. Gross, 
present State Lecturer, were speakers 
of the afternoon. When the statement 
was made, "the Pennsylvania Grange 
cannot give its approval to the writ- 
ing of a new Constitution," there was 
such spontaneous applause that we 
knew we echoed the sentiments of 
every person in the large auditorium. 

On August 13th, we attended the 
annual picnic of the Lawrence County 
Pomona Grange. This was a large 
and representative gathering, and 
while no action as to Resolutions was 
taken at this picnic, yet we know that 
the approval manifested, was unani- 
mous. One of the gratifying things 
noted at this Lawrence County picnic 
was the presence of a member of the 
Rotary Club, who frankly said that 
he has taken notes of the presentation 
of the Grange views in order that he 
could incorporate them in an address 
before his Rotary Club. 



THE GRANGE IS RALLYING 

On August 10th, after the Grange 
attitude on holding a Constitutional 
Convention had been presented to the 
York County Pomona, this body, with- 
out any discussion, unanimously 
adopted the following Resolutions up- 
holding the attitude of the Pennsyl- 
vania Grange. 

He it 

Resolved, That inasmuch as the economic, 
social and Industrial conditions are in a 
state of unnaturalness and stress, and that 
inasmuch as the Grange has always advo- 
cated a policy of "Pay as you go"' and 
"Reduce costs of Government," and that 
inasmuch as the Grange believes firmly in 
the nonpartisan participation of all our peo- 
ple in all matters that pertain to the pres- 
t-nt good and future w«^lfare of our State, 
and that inasmuch as we foar that, in this 
lime of eraergeniy, various changes might 
be written into a document that future years 
would prove unwise, and that inasmuch as 
we b( lieve in basic and fundamental laws 
at all times ; therefore, be it 

Reanlvrd, That York County Pomona 
Grange. Xo. 40. in regular session convened 
at Kurrka Grange, August 10. 19^.'^. do go 
on ret'ord as whole-heartedly upholding the 
action of the Pennsylvania State Grange in 
opposing the calling of a Constitutional Con- 
vention whose duty it votild be to rrwrlte 
or revise our present State Constitution. 
Respectfully submitted. 

A. A. Zkioi.kr. 

Adopted by unanimous vote with- 
out a discussion. 



FARM PRICE INDEX 

REMAINS UNCHANGED 

The index of prices paid farmers 
for important products remained un- 
changed between June 15 and July 
15, according to the Federal-State 
Crop Reporting Service. A sharp 
drop in the price of wheat and barley 
was offset by an increase in the price 
of eggs, wool and potatoes. 

The farm price index for the en- 
tire country declined two points dur- 
ing the month. 

The July 15 average prices with 
June and pre-war comparisons fol- 
low: 

July June July 

Commodity 1910-lk 19S5 19S5 

Wheat per bu $0.95 $0.91 $0.79 

Corn per bu 76 .83 .83 

Oats per bu .51 .52 .48 

Barley per bu 68 .68 .60 

Rye per bu 78 .68 .62 

Buckwheat per bu. , . .73 .60 .60 

Potatoes per bu. ... .87 .30 .66 

Hay per ton 15.96 13.00 11.00 

Apples per bu 79 1.35 1.05 

Hogs per 100 lbs. . . 7.82 8.90 8.80 
Beef Cattle per 100 

Ibe 6.54 7.70 7.30 

Veal calves per 100 

lbs 8.00 8.50 8.20 

Sheep per 100 Ibe. . . 4.90 3.80 3.60 

Lambs per 100 lbs. . 6.84 7.70 7.00 

Milk cows per head . 51.68 61.00 61.00 

Horses per head 174.80 139.00 140.00 

Mules per head 141.00 140.00 

Chickens per lb 142 .1183 .172 

Milk per 100 lbs. . . . 1.45 1.85 1.85 

26 .27 .26 

.25 .24 
.233 .256 

.24 .26 



ATTENTION, GRANGES 

THAT HAVE ENTERED THE 
BETTER RITUAL PROJECT 

The attention of those Granges that 
have entered the Better Ritual Project 
is called to the fact that some are for- 
getting that time passes and that they 
have made no contact with their State 
Deputy and made no plans for hav- 
ing an inspection of the degree work. 
If the signed inspection slip is not on 
our desk by the close of November 
15th we must positively be compelled 
to take it for granted that those 
Granges whose slips have not been re- 
turned have not met the requirements. 
Please take note of this date — Novem- 
ber 15th. 

Lectures, and Patrons, if your 
Grange is enlisted in the Better Rit- 
ual Project, it requires the coopera- 
tion of all of you to see that it is 
brought to a successful conclusion. 
The State Lecturer has too much 
work these days to even think of at- 
tempting to write a personal letter to 
all the Granges that have entered thi.-* 
project. She takes this method of 
bringing the matter to your attention. 
Now is the time to be concluding ar- 
rangements and making sure that 
your Grange will move on to a splen- 
did fulfillment of the project. Some 
Granges have already completed the 
project, their State Deputy has re- 
turned the slips to our office, and now 
those Granges are feeling the satis- 
faction of a piece of work well done. 
The comments of the State Deputies 
upon the type of work thus far in- 
spected gives us a great deal of joy 
and encourages us to believe that this 
is a worth-while project. 



On August 15th, Bradford Count.v 
hold an extraordinary interesting 
Pomona meeting. About four hun- 
dred people attended this meeting. 



For he dreamed beneath the moon, 
And he slept beneath the sun. 

And he lived a life of "going to do" — 
And he died with nothing done. 



DULLCI ^^1 lU 

Butter fat per lb 


.... 


Eggs per doz 


.208 


Wool per lb 


.216 




Pre-war 




base 


FARM PRICE INDEX 




United States .... 


100 


Grain 


100 


Fruits and vege> 




tables 


100 


Meat animals .... 


100 


Dairy products . . 


100 


Chickens and eggs 


100 


Unclassified 


100 


Pbtnnsylvania .... 


100 


Grain 


100 


Fruits and vege- 




tables 


100 


Meat animals . . . 


100 


Dairy products . . 


100 


Chickens and eggs 


100 


Unclassified 


100 


Prices Farmers Pay 


100 


'ARMERS' PURCHAS- 




ING POWER 




United states 


100 


Pennsylvania 


100 



104 


102 


102 


96 


100 


98 


119 


116 


99 


96 


108 


107 


86 


86 


101 


101 


98 


90 


75 


88 


116 


111 


108 


108 


100 


106 


82 


70 


127 


126 


82 


81 


80 


80 



Many a man gets credit for being 
brave who was scared too stiff to run 
away. 



STATE PREPARES 

TO TAKE BRIDGES 

Preparations are going ahead in the 
State Highway Department for the 
transfer, September 1, of maintenance 
responsibility from boroughs to the 
department, of bridges on old State 
highway routes and existing rural 
routes located within corporate limits, 
according to Secretary Warren Van 
Dyke. 

This action, authorized in the re- 
cent session of the Legislature, pro- 
vides further for a similar transfer 
January 1, 1936, of all other bridges 
on existing State highway and rural 
routes outside of cities, as well as on 
new routes to be taken over on that 
date, whether in boroughs or else- 
where. 

Reports on borough bridges to be 
taken over the first of the month are 
being received daily and tabulation 
made. Information regarding those 
to be taken over the first of the year 
will be compiled as soon as the bor- 
ough bridges have been handled. 



Uncle John had come to stay, and 
before he left he gave his nephew a 
pound note. "Now, be careful with 
that money. Tommy," he said. "Re- 
member the saying, *A fool and his 
money are soon parted.' " "Yes, 
uncle," replied Tommy, "but I want 
to thank you for parting with it, just 
the same." 



Take the old rubbers to the nearest 
garage to be vulcanized and avoid the 
expense of new ones for the family 
during the winter. The vulcanizing 
usually costs ten or fifteen cents. 



Page 8 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



September, I935 



Pennsylvania Qrange News 

Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 

Rooms 426' 28, Telenraph Building 

216 Locust St, HuTisburg. Pa. 

5 cents a copy. 50 cents a year. 



Vol. XXXII 



September, 1935 



No. 6 



Board of Managers 
J. A. BOAK, President, New Castle, Pa. 
rUBMAN GYGEB KENZIE S. BAG8HAW CHARLES W. CREASY 

Kimberton, Pa. Hollidaysburg, Pa. Catawissa, Pa. 

Editor-in-Chief, J. A. BOAK 

Managing Editor, JOHN H. LIGHT 

426-28 Telegraph Building, Harrieburg, Pa. 

Associate Editor, IRA C. GROSS 

ADVERTISING is accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate line, or $3.60 per Inch, 
•aoh Insertion. New York repreaentatiye, Norman Co., 34 West 33d Street. 

The Real Purpose 

DURING the last month much has been said and written about constitu- 
tional revision. We have gone forward and presented the Grange 
declaration in many places. Not only unanimous approval of the 
Grange attitude but much encouragement has been given our Grange speak- 
ers. The Grange position was stated clearly in the August issue of Grange 
News. The folders issued for general distribution have been in great de- 
mand and altogether our Grange membership may well feel encouraged and 
continue this fight to a successful finish. 

Do not be misled by misrepresentations of our position in this matter, 
but direct those who place partisan politics above the public good to the 
Grange objections so well advertised throughout the entire state. 

Our position is stronger today than a month ago, and we are convinced 
beyond the slightest doubt that the sole motive behind a constitutional change 
is to give the present and future administrations new opportunities to grasp 
more money to spend. The present Constitution limits the state to a bor- 
rowing power of one million dollars. The Oreenshurg Review has well said 
on this point, "That alone has stood as a bulwark against unrestrained spend- 
ing during the past depression years when other states, not so fortunately 
situated, cast caution to the winds and borrowed to the limit. Prospects of 
repaying are remote. Pennsylvanians now know since the legislature ad- 
journed, what additional taxes must be paid as it is. Repayment of bor- 
rowed money would of necessity increase such tax burdens. So it narrows 
down virtually to the question of taxation." 

The "four major objectives" as laid down by the Governor on August 
13th, are: 

1. Social security; 

2. Modern methods of governmental financing; 

3. Scientific taxation based upon ability to pay; 

4. Reorganization of state and local governments in the interest of 
economy and efficiency. 

We believe these announced purposes are all indirectly related to the 
main objective "to increase the borrowing capacity of the Commonwealth." 
For the Governor is quoted by the public press on August 14th, as having 
addressed the Constitutional Advisory Committee in part as follows : 

"While this amount (the $50,000,000) may seem large, it is insignificant 
in a State which spends nearly a quarter of a billion dollars a year. Such a 
restriction permits no latitude for an emergency, as we readily see when we 
realize that our relief costs alone for the next year will be $61,500,000 and 
that the $50,000,000 maximum is not sufficient even to provide for capital 
expenditures which are necessary at the present time." 

Again, the Philadelphia Record, which is reputed to be the administra- 
tion organ in a greater or lesser degree, said on August 15th : 

"The Legislature made a silly and probably futile gesture when it at- 
tempted to limit the borrowing capacity in the proposed new Constitution 
to $60,000,000. Many constitutional lawyers hold that such a limitation is 
invalid because a constitutional convention possesses the full and unrestricted 
sovereignty of the people. If a limit is fixed, however, it should be relative 
and not an absolute one. Fifty million dollars is too low a borrowing capac- 
ity even now. In 20 years it may be as ridiculous as the present $1,000,000 
limit is today." 

The proponents of revision point out that "it is ridiculous to limit a 
big state like Pennsylvania to a bond issue of $1,000,000 in an emergency 
and that we could have avoided much of the trouble over new taxes in recent 
sessions of the Legislature, if our constitutional borrowing capacity had been 
greater." 



Let it be emphasized that enlarged borrowing powers means larger ex- 
penses of government and unless new sources of revenue are discovered, still 
greater State revenues must go for interest and sinking funds on the i^. 
creased indebtedness. This means less appropriations for schools and other 
local purposes and may result in the demand, if we now have a Constitutional 
Convention, for a State tax on real estate. 

No 1 the farmer has nothing to gain and stands a chance to lose in the 
revision of our present State Constitution. Again, we declare that the one 
sound plan for financing State as well as municipal governments is to "Pay- 
As-You-Go" and practice economy in government. J. A. Boak. 




Charity 



SEPTEMBER, the month of harvest, the month when we gather into our 
storehouses and barns the fruit of our labors of the season, is with us 
again and we are in a position to dispense charity to the needy. As the 
harvest is what we have been planning and looking forward to during the 
season, this month should surely be one of rejoicing and happiness. Many 
people enjoy the harvest dance and the harvest feast, indicating merriment, 
and why should this not be a time of merriment? 

In the springtime we showed our faith in God in preparing the soil and 
planning the seed, and during the summer our hopes were inspired by the 
abundant growth which we assisted by cultivation and in the autumn we 
should show our appreciation by dispensing charity. 

If we sowed niggardly, we shall not reap an abundant harvest. "As 
we sow so shall we reap." 

Happy are they who are able to see in their mature harvest, not only 
the products of their skill and labor, but a reward of their Faith in God. 

Much ado is made about the progress of science and its benefits to man- 
kind ; but, without an application of the principle of the Golden Rule, science 
falls far short of the mark. Science does not know charity. In these times 
when we hear so much war talk, science is busy developing instruments of 
death and destruction which neither prevent wars nor save life and prop- 
erty; but, if charity would work as hard as does science many, if not all 
wars, would be averted. 

"Charity wanteth not its own, is not puffed up, does not behave itself 
uncomely." 

One is led to think when listening and reading some of the propaganda 
for Social Justice that charity is something that has just been discovered, 
but America has been a land of charity since its discovery. American charity 
has never allowed worthy people to go hungry or naked or the unfortunate 
to suffer for the necessities of life. 

One of the greatest needs for charity in our social life is charity for 
the opinions of others. We are prone to criticize other people's opinions, 
but I like the old song, "Other people have their faults and so have you aa 
well and all you chance to see or hear you have no right to tell." If this 
thought was practiced, many a heartache would be avoided. Let us, in kind 
words and deeds, dispense charity as freely as do flowers their perfume and 
thereby sweeten society. 

There is another harvest that is far more important than the harvest 
of fruits and grain. This harvest is the direct outgrowth of love and kind- 
ness, nothing can add more to the value of life than these. There can be no 
real charity without these. We have seen in recent years how the vast for- 
tunes vanish almost over night, but no one can take away from us our for- 
tune of love and kindness, if we will only make use of it. Comforts may 
vanish, hopes wither, but no one can take our love from us. God is love 
and through Christ's coming, we have examples and assurances that through 
love comes the truest values of life. May we indeed strive to make this the 
greatest harvest. As we look around us, we find many institutions that are 
the direct result of love and kindness— churches, schools, hospitals, parks, 
playgrounds, etc. We are glad that the Grange fosters and supports these 
institutions. The foundation of the Grange is love— fraternalism. 

Many go through life doing only the things they find easy to do, fol- 
lowing the philosophy of moving along the line of least resistance. Their 
philosophy is that the world owes them a living, which is true but only when 
a life is given to the world. No one has a right to expect charity until he 
has done his part. What the world needs to-day are men of courage. We 
are not here to play, to dream, to drift; but for a great task. That we may 
enjoy our reward, we must let charity extend to all humanity. 

"While in Faith and in Hope this world may disagree, 
All mankind is concerned in Charity." 

J. A. Boak. 



geptcmber, 1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 9 



patrons^ Forum 

Articles not over 400 words, properly 

-jjed will be accepted. Rights are re- 

ved' to reject articles not suitable. 

Geanob News is not responsible for any 

oinions expressed Ln these columns. 

FARMS AND FARM CREDITS 

William Penn had a hard time to 
get his colony established and in run- 
ning order. Among the first questions 
to bob up and give trouble, were find- 
ing enough money to do business on. 
Another was to discover that his hard 
money was being counterfeited and 
something had to be done about it. 
And so we find legislation passed at a 
meeting at which Penn himself pre- 
sided, on "ye 1st of ye 2d Mo., 1684" 
in these words: "A Bill that flax, 
hempt, Linnin & Woolen Cloth of ye 
Produce of this Countrey, to go as 
currant pay; Past a last reading 
Unanimously." 

However, that did not seem to be 
sufficiently large in volume and va- 
riety to fill the needs of the people to 
conduct their trade, and so we have 
the record of the Council held the 
following day, at which Mr. Penn pre- 
sided, with a full membership present, 
and the minutes show as follows : "A 
Bill Concerning Lands, Corn, beef. 
Pork, Tobacco, Hides, &c., to goe for 
Currant pay; past Nemine Contra- 
dicents," which we take to be unani- 
mously as in the previous case. 

On August 24th of the preceding 
year the discovery was made that 
Charles Pickering and Samuel Buck- 
ley had employed Robert Felton to 
make dies and stamp new coins to 
which they added copper alloy in the 
amount of four pounds of copper to 
15 pounds of silver. 

Warrant was issued for the two 
principals. Felton testified that he 
had no silver brought to him but by 
these two men and he "scroopled to 
do it as the silver was already alloyed, 
and if they did not put more copper 
in it they would lose; and that it was 
as good as any Spanish money — or 
Bitts or Boston money." 

After the trial Penn pronounced 
sentence "That thou make full satis- 
faction in good and Currant pay to 
Every Person that shall within the 
space of one month, bring in any of 
this false. Base and Counterfitt Coyne 
—and thou shalt pay a fine of fourty 
pounds unto this Court towrds ye 
building of a New Court house in this 
fowne." 

It must be remembered that the 
country around had been under culti- 
vation for fifty years, and there were 
many prosperous farmers amongst 
them although they spent a good deal 
^\ their time keeping away the 
etches. The meeting of Dec. 7, 1683, 
^ords that Margret Matson and 

A? Hendrickson were examined 
jnd about to be proved witches ; their 
!»usband8 were required to give bail 
^ the sum of fifty pounds for ap- 
pearance for trial, when on the 27th 

tni K-^^' *^® ^^^^^ Jury found a 
J^e bill. Margret Matson came to 

re^ rr *°^ ^^^^^ ^®^ indictment 
jv^- The first witness was Henry 
^street who testified that he was 



told "20 



years agoe, that the prisoner 



"J the bar was a Witch & that several 
J^^8 were bewitched by her." Other 
thp -^^^^^ offered similar evidence, and 
^^yury retired and found her guilty 
but ^^^°^ ^^^ common face of a witch 
Z T ^^^*y ^° t^^e ^o^m and man- 
husK J ^ she stands indicted. Both 
of fif* ^®^® ordered to enter bail 
jjj^ °ity pounds each for the good be- 
, 0^ of the wives for six months. 
/^ July, 1683, we find a long list 
settlements effected before the 



Council in which lumber, pork, wheat, 
and tobacco figured in a large part of 
the adjustments. Seldom is actual 
coin referred to as the current medium 
of exchange, and what circulating 
money there was for use, was silver 
coins of foreign countries, and which 
counted in a small way, for the trade 
and commerce that was actually car- 
ried on. 

It is interesting to speculate on 
what would have become of Penn and 
his great Quaker colony if he had been 
restricted legally to the limited coin 
then in circulation, to carry on his 
great campaign of developing the 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. When 
there was neither cash or credit for 
them, the people did not quit doing 
business; they did not go on relief, 
waiting the government to do some- 
thing for them, they just did what 
common sense told them was needful ; 
they legalized land, corn, i)ork, to- 
bacco, hides, and whatever had cur- 
rent value — and went right on build- 
ing up the great Keystone State. If 
they had depended upon intrinsic val- 
ued silver to do the work, it probably 
would have soon floundered in the 
slough of "depression" similar to the 
kind we have been trying to wade 
through since 1929 — and for similar 
reason. 

After all, maybe William Penn was 
wiser than our present-day leaders 
and statesmen; at least shortage of 
money and credits did not stop him. 

Let us read what former U. S. Sen- 
ator Robert L. Owen (co-author of 
the Federal Reserve System law) said 
about the cause of our depression : 
"This disastrous depression which has 
bankrupted millions of our citizens, 
ruined over a hundred thousand busi- 
ness enterprises, over ten thousand 
banks, destroyed half the market value 
of all the property of the American 
people, cut our imports and exports to 
one third, has but one real controll- 
ing cause, and that is the contraction 
of our money supply. We have had 
ten thousand millions of our money 
supply destroyed as absolutely as if 
one thousand million ten dollar notes 
of the U. S. Treasury had been burned 
up. I do not mean ten thousand mil- 
lions of currency — but the means — 
ordinarily employed by the people in 
paying debts, taxes and purchasing 
goods. We use 8 per cent in actual 
currency, and checks on demand bank 
deposits to transact 92 per cent of 
our business. In 1929 when our an- 
nual production was about 87 billions 
our money supply was 5 billions of 
U, S. Currency and 24 billions of bank 
deposits, with an annual check turn- 
over of 1,200 billions. Our annual 
check turnover now is only one third 




% V ^HERE present-day budgets restrict 
W the co8t of materials and yet the 
maximum mileage in sound, year- 
'round roads must be obtained. Stabiliza- 
tion provides the answer. Because Stabi- 
lization utilizes native soils and requires 
only the addition of inexpensive Calcium 
Chloride, the economy of this road -build- 
ing method is evident at once. These roads 
are firm, balanced, easy-riding and stand 
up under the punishing attacks of all kinds 
of weather. 

From the standpoint of future economy. 
Stabilization also figures importantly. It 
lifts the burden of heavy maintenance 
costs, because very little blading and gen- 
eral maintenance are required. Whether 
viewed from the present, the future or 
both. Stabilization supplies the most in 



good roads per dollar spent. Full infor- 
mation on request. Write today to 

SOLVAY SALES CORPORATION 

Alkalies and Chemical Product* Manufactured by 
The Solvay Procesa Company 

UO RECTOR STREET, NEW YORK, N. Y. 

branch office 
12 South 12th Street. Philadelphia 

T«*C/tM*K«HtC. U S P«IOM 

Calciunn Chloride 



of that amount and our bank deposits 
(July, 1934) only 14 billions. But our 
demand for money is nearly as great 
as it was then. The demand for money 
to pay debts, interest, taxes and fixed 
charges of freight, telegraph, tele- 
phone, mail and all, stare us in the 
face and we cannot meet them be- 
cause our money has been diminished 
by ten billions." 

If William Penn were at the helm, 
we wonder if he would borrow money 
to pay for unemployed relief, or would 
he keep them busy by the use of 
hides, tallow, beeswax, or other com- 
modities when in need of money or 
credits. Penn thus saved himself a 
depression. Congress might take a 
hint from the old-time Quaker. 

M. I. Mo. 



In fi^ring the cost of milk pro- 
duction many calculate the cost of 
feed to be one-half the total produc- 
tion cost, the rest being labor, interest 
on investment, depreciation, etc. 



Grow your own onion shoots in 
kitchen flower pots for flavoring. 



Grange— Nonpartisan 

"We assert the 'Grange is not a political organization,' yet the 
principles we teach underlie all true politics, all true statesmanship, 
and if properly carried out will tend to purify the whole political 
atmosphere of our country. While the Grange therefore does not 
espouse the cause of any political party, and while it most emphat- 
ically condemns in its every principle partisanship, it just as em- 
phatically urges upon its members, as their duty, Ho influence for 
good the action of any political party to which they belong/ This 
cannot be successfully accomplished if our judgment is biased through 
undue party devotion. Let it be proclaimed then throughout the 
length and breadth of the great Grange organization, and to the world 
as well that the Grange is nonpartisan, and that we as members of 
the Order, subscribe to the principle that we faithfully fulfill our 
obligations to our order as well as our obligation to the State and Na- 
tion as citizens, only when in the exercise of our rights we manifest 
our unbiased judgment and hold our parties strictly to the principle 
"the greatest good to the greatets number." 



IfEW REFRIGERATOR TESTED 
BY PENN STATE ENGDTEER 

A refrigerator is a necessity in 
every home because it protects and 
preserves the quality of food and con- 
sequently safeguards the family 
health, says J. E. Nicholas, associate 
professor of agricultural engineering 
at the Pennsylvania State College 
where he has been conducting experi- 
ments with various kinds of refrigera- 
tion. 

All types of automatic electrically 
or gasoline engine driven units are 
available, Nicholas reports, and the 
old ice-box tyi)es have been greatly im- 
proved. Recently a new type unit 
which uses kerosene has been placed 
on the market. There are no moving 
parts. The burning kerosene brings 
about the necessary refrigeration. 

In outside appearance the model 
looks like any modern household unit. 
The food and ice cube compartments 
are built on similar principles. It has 
automatic features which safeguard 
it against possible overflow of kerosene 
and high temperatures. A regulator 
is used to raise and lower the temper- 
ature inside the refrigerator. A kero-" 
sene tank is filled approximately once 
a week. 

With the food compartment at 40 
degrees Fahrenheit or slightly lees, 
kerosene consumption averages about 
17% gallons a month, Nicholas found 
in tests that he conducted. When the 
food compartment temperatures are 
raised, the kerosene consumption de- 
creases proportionately. The room 
temperature in which the refrigerator 
is placed influences the economy of 
operation, but on the average the con- 
sumption of kerosene is about 15 gal- 
lons a month. 



"If there were four flies on a table 
and I killed one, how many would be 
left?" inquired the teacher. 

"One," answered the bright little 
girl — "the dead one." 



Buttered spring onions on toast 
make a delicious, different, and ineix- 
pensive vegetable dish. 



Page 10 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



September, I935 



Mn. Georgia M. Piollet 
Chairman, Towanda 

Mrs Charlotte Ruppin 
Akron 

Mrs. George Kresge 

FalU 

Miss Margaret Brown 
State College 

Mrs. Emma Jones 
Irwin, R. D. 4 



WOMAN'S WORK 

IN THE 

HOME AND GRANGE 

By Home Economics Committee 



"There shall come from out the noise 

of strife organizing 

A broader and a juster brotherhood, 

A deeper equality of aim, postponing 

All selfish seeking to the general 

good. 

"There shall come a time when each 
shall to another 
Be as Christ would have him — 
brother unto brother." 



WEALTH 



"I measure them rich by the love they 

gain, 

By their longing when they roam, 

For the smiles and kisses awaiting 

them. 

In that happy place called home. 

**By the way they can play with a 
little child, 
For the times they look above. 
The honor they draw from the snowy 
crown 
And depth in their heart of love. 

"For what they know of the world's 
best thought, 
Who love the sky and the sod. 
By the joy they find in their daily 

toil 
And the depths of their peace with 
God." 



SEPTEMBER 

The Constitution should have 
thoughtful observance and considera- 
tion. It has stood the test of time and 
the challenge of any substitute. Time 
passes, truth endures, so the strength 
of the Constitution lies in its dura- 
bility. No plan offered by any coun- 
try has equaled it. It is our strongest 
assurance of American progress and 
stability. It should be perfectly fa- 
miliar to every adult and child in 
America, for the Constitution is 
American itself. Always uphold it, 
and reverence it. 



bit to start the yolks. The result is 
the yolks will not stick to the beater, 
as is generally the case, and they will 
get light twice as quickly. 
* * * 

K you wish to prevent citron rais- 
ins, or currants from sinking to the 
bottom of your cake, have them well 
warmed in the oven before adding 
them to the batter. 



RECIPE OF THE MONTH 
SwEiET Tater Puffs 

2 cupfuls mashed sweet potatoes. 

1 egg. 
y2 teaspoonful salt. 
% teaspoonful pepper. 

8 marshmallows. 
^2 cuful crushed corn flakes, 
liilk if necessary. 

Beat egg and add it to potatoes with 
the seasoning. If necessary, add milk 
to moisten. Shape the potato around 
each niarshmallow to form a ball. 
Roll in corn flakes and fry in deep 
fat. Delicious. 



HELPFUL HINTS 

In making mayonnaise, use vinegar 
which has been poured over pickles, 
beets or cucumbers. It gives a pleas- 
ant flavor to salads. 



Dry celery leaves as you get them, 
and put away in a fruit jar. When 
making soup tie a few in a cloth and 
drop in the kettle. 

* « « 

When beating eggs separately, beat 
the white first, then "steal" a little 



SCHOOL DAYS BRING 

THEIR RESPONSIBILITY 

Among the various tasks with which 
the young mother is confronted this 
time of the year, is that of getting the 
children ready for school. Is each 
child in good physical condition — 
teeth clean and free from cavities, 
properly fitting glasses if needed, ton- 
sils and adenoids removed if neces- 
sary? Good physical condition and 
an adequate amount of plain, well- 
prepared, nourishing meals will go a 
long way in preventing colds and 
many ills which often keep the child 
out of school. 

Every child needs three substantial 
meals per day. During vacation the 
children are usually on hand for each 
meal but frequently after school be- 
gins, they hurry off without eating 
breakfast. This is the most impor- 
tant meal of the day, it comes at a 
time when the body especially needs 
food. The kind of breakfast is im- 
portant, but plenty of time to eat in a 
leisurely manner also is extremely im- 
portant. The busy mother will plan 
her time to prepare and serve various 
attractive breakfasts which the chil- 
dren will enjoy before leaving for 
school. 

School days usually bring lunch- 
packing time again. The growing 
child needs a good, wholesome, nutri- 
tious lunch, preferably a hot dish if 
possible. If your children do not own 
lunch boxes now is the time to select 
suitable ones. If there are no facili- 
ties for serving a hot dish at school, 
a hot food like soup, or cocoa may be 
carried in a thermos bottle. Make 
the lunch box attractive when opened, 
by wrapping the sandwiches, raw 
vegetables, fruit, and sweets, in waxed 
paper. This not only keeps the food 
in good condition, but adds an ele- 
ment of surprise and interest. Eat- 
ing a good breakfast and lunch, the 
children will not be so likely to in- 
vade the pantry when returning from 
school, but will be ready to eat a 
nourishing dinner or sup])er. 

The mother also has a big respon- 
sibility in seeing that suitable becom- 
ing clothing is provided for each child 
— usually each child's wardrobe needs 
to be gone over carefully — wearina: 
garments washed, cleaned, pressed, 
mended, buttons, snaps, etc., sewed on 
-ecurely. After an invention of wear- 
able garments has been made new 
clothing either has to be purchased 
ready-made, or materials to be made 
into underwear, dresses, blouses, coats, 
etc., bought. 

The selection of well-fitting shoes 
is most important for each child. 
There is nothing that tends more to 
make one irritable, than feet which 
are uncomfortable. A frequent change 
of shoes and hose adds to foot com- 
fort. Avoid buying shoes just be- 
cause they are cheap and apparently 



comfortable and may be injurious to 
one's health. 

Everyone likes to feel they are suit- 
ably and becomingly clothed. Your 
child will take more pride in going to 
school if he or she is provided with 
attractive garments. 

LORA M. PiNDER. 



PROGRAM ON THE CHILD 

"Oh what should the world be to us, 
If the children were no more? 
We should dread the desert behind no 
Worse than the dark before." 



THE CHILD 

For Discussion 

At what age should we begin to 
train children? 

Obedience — when should it be 
taught respect for children, what is it ? 

Development of juvenile literature 
in the 19th century. 

Are not educators seeking to make 
the school curriculum too extensive? 

The value of cooperation of parents 
and teachers. 

Short sketches of children of China, 
Cuba, Norway, Sweden, Esquimaux 
and other countries. 

Children of the Bible. 



COMEDY AND MUSIC FEA- 
TURED "HARMONY HALL*' 

Washingfton County Pomona 
Grange Operetta 

An operetta, "Harmony Hall," was 
presented Thursday and Friday 
nights, June 27th and 28th, at Trin- 
ity High School, under the auspices 
of the Educational Committee of 
Washington County Pomona Grange. 
Members of this committee are Mrs. 
H. L. Mollenauer, Mrs. Ellwood Ful- 
ton, and Mrs. Gerald Bullock. 

A very successful presentation was 
given by a cast of forty-five members 
from nine Subordinate Granges, in- 
cluding Deemston, Gretna, North 
Strabane, Jefferson, Chestnut Ridge, 
Davis, Prosperity, Claysville, and 
Cross Creek Village. 



THE WILLING WORKERS CLUB 

Of London Grange, Mercer County 

The Willing Workers Club, of 
Ivondon Grange, was organized April 
11, 1928, for the purpose of raising 
money for the Grange. At that time 
we were $850 in debt with $90 interest 
due. Club dues are ten cents a month. 
The club has helped pay taxes, in- 
surance and interest. Ladies have 
pieced quilts for club members and 
others, served dinners, socials, helped 
with plays, made articles to sell at 
Grange Fairs, made door stops, tie 
backs, sold cook books, jello, vanilla, 
served lunches at entertainments and 
entertained Pomona Grange. 

The Grange held a fair in Septem- 
ber. At that time the club reported 
$26.20 from fish pond, $:^,r).00 for a 
quilt sold, $1.00 for other articles sold, 
making a total of $62.20. On Novem- 
ber 22, 1928, the club women paid 
their first $100 on the debt. 

The men come and help in the hall 
and the women serve lunch. The club 
decided to hold a Christmas Exchange 
not to exceed 25 cents; that is a jolly 
feature of the Christmas meeting. On 
April 24, 19.30, the number of quilts 
quilted during the year was fifteen. 

Mrs. Hattie McCann, one of our 
members died October .31, 1932. On 
recommendation of a club member, a 
motion was passed by the Grange to 
the effect that the Grange and ladies' 
club would serve dinners alternately. 



Mrs. Cora Johnson, another of our 
members, died January 29, 1934. 

As soon as we have $50.00 made^ 
pay it on the debt. There is a little 
less than $100 now to pay. The clufc 
has earned and paid out about $1,000 
We also bought a new stove. Grange 
members and club members met and 
planted shrubs and flowers. Served 
lunch. Mrs. F. G. Williams. 



PICNIC SUPPERS 

One of the nicest ways to relax ig 
to serve a buffet supper on your own 
lawn in the coolest spot available. 
Everything can be prepared in the 
morning, and if paper plates and cups 
are used, there is only the silver to 
wash up afterwards. 

Sandwiches — salad. 
Appetizers in variety. 
Iced tea — or fruit ade — or milk. 
Ice cream and cake. 

If no lawn table is available, a card 
table for each four answers beauti- 
fully. Each helps himself. 



The chairman of the Bradford 
County Pomona Home Economics 
Commitec, at their last meeting, 
called her subordinate chairmen and 
all interested, by themselves, to dis- 
cuss the work, problems, etc. A beau- 
tiful poem was given by a member of 
Troy Grange. Many helpful sug- 
gestions were brought out. I would 
advise other committees to do the 
same. 



LACKAWANNA COUNTY 

POMONA GRANGE 

Lackawanna County Pomona 
Grange, No. 45, met with Madison 
Grange, No. 899, with F. A. Andrews 
acting as Pomona Master. The sing- 
ing was led by Sam Bevan. There 
was a large attendance and a large 
class was given the Fifth Degree. A 
very fine dinner was served by Grange 
No. 899. 

Past State Master E. B. Dorsett 
gave a talk on the Constitution, both 
State and Federal. Charles Van 
Storch, of the Lackawanna Motor 
Club, gave an address on the need of 
increasing the State Highway Motor 
Patrol. 

The following resolutions were 
adopted : 

Resolution No. 1 

WnERKAS, The Lackawanna County Po- 
mona Grange, No. 45, meeting tn the reg- 
ular quarterly session at MadlsonTlU* 
Grange, and 

Whkreas, The question of changing tn« 
ConsMtutlon of the State of Pt-nnsylvto'* 
was discussed after a message from P»* 
State Master Dorsett was clellTTed, he it 

Rrsolvcfl, That Pomona Grange. No. « 
go on record as objecting to any change U 
the present Pennsylvania State Con8titutK» 
and the same remain intact as Is. 

Resolution No. 2 

Whereas, Lackawanna County PomoW 
Grango, No. 45. meeting In rt^gular quartenT 
session with Madisonville Orange. diflcu»»«< 
I he Pideral Constitution, be It 

Rcftolvrd, That Lackawanna County rff- 
mona Grange, .\o. 45, go on retoni »« "^ 
jccting to any change in the Federal Con- 
stitution and the same to remain intact; "• 
it further 

Resolved, That we object to any dictitw* 
ship boing set up that may tear at '•'f '"J 
vltala of our Federal Constitution and i>« •* 
further - 

R' solved. That we objrct to any rw "J 
^ommunistin movement that will eventu«»J 
bring disaster to our religious, civil »• 
social being. 

Resolution No. 3 

Whereas. Lackawanna County Po™°,u 
Grange, No. 45, meeting In regular fl"*'" ,,i 
session with Madisonville Grange. »'' 
hearing a plea by Charles Van Storch o''*^ 
retary of the Lackawanna Motor Club. 'Or 
larger Highway Motor Patrol, be it pj. 

Resolved, That Lackawanna ^"""^^.vof- 
mona Grange. No. 4 5 go on ncnrd a« t" ^ 
Ing the enlarging of the HlKhway »"|. 
Patrol to three times Its present personDe . 
be it further i-| 

Rrnolvcl, That we object to the <"^*l!flj» 
of the motor fund for any other purp"^ 
than originally set up for. 



jeptembe**! 1^35 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 11 



THE MOST IMPORANT 

ISSUE BEFORE FARMERS 

OF PENNSYLVANIA 

(Concluded from page 5.) 

uch of the power of the General As- 
embly is in control of the Executive. 
TJnder the Constitution, the Governor 
is the chief executive and beyond mak- 
ing recommendations to the Legisla- 
ture, he should refrain from interfer- 
ence with the lawmakers. Members 
of the Legislature are elected by the 
people to represent the people in mak- 
ing laws for them, and the trend to 
allow the Governor to dictate what 
laws shall or shall not be made must 
be discouraged. Through the exercise 
of his veto power, the Governor has 
sufficient power to curb undesirable 
legislation and there should be no in- 
terference by him with lawmakers to 
carry out his demands. 

(f) MORE POWER TO THE 
LEGISLATURE 

The Grange says: — Restrain the Power 
of the Law-Making Body 

Several enlarged powers to be given 
the Legislature are, — 

(1) Authority to erect, create, 
maintain, eliminate, consolidate or 
combine counties, boroughs, town- 
ships, school districts, poor districts 
and any other municipal subdivision 
hereafter to be created. 

(2) Authority to declare the Com- 
monwealth or any municipal subdivi- 
sion thereof liable for the negligence 
of its servants, etc. 

(3) The Legislature shall enact, 
within two years after ratification and 
adoption of the Constitution, a civil 
service system for all State employees. 

The Grange believes that the object 
of the Constitution is not to grant 
legislative power but to confine and 
restrain it. Without such constitu- 
tional limitation, the power of the 
Legislature to make laws would be 
absolute. The rights of life, liberty, 
property, reputation and happiness de- 
pend upon the limitations in the Con- 
stitution. In times of great economic 
and political unrest, as now, farmers, 
home owners and other citizens sho;ild 
hesitate before granting further pow- 
ers to our State Legislature and State 
government. 

{%) WOULD CURB THE COURTS 
The Grange says: — Do Not Tamper with 
Justice 

The right of trial by jury was one 
of the gre.Tt accomplishments towards 
freedom in early history. The pro- 
posed constitution would modify these 
so-called "old" rights. 

(1) The right to trial by jury shall 
remain inviolate, but the Legislature 
shall have the right to abolish, except 
'^ capital cases, the unanimous ver- 
•lict, and to authorize a verdict by ten 
'^i twelve jurors. 

. v2j Criminal prosecution may be 
instituted by indictment or informa- 
tion and the Legislature shall have 
^e right in their wisdom to abolisb 
^e Grand Jury. 

v3) The Legislature shall have au- 
nority to create, establish and main 
^in a minor judiciary. 

Our question is, "Are you willing 
Rrant the above and other powers* 
^the Lenrislature?" 
(Ji) RELIEF WOULD BECOME A FIXED 

GOVERlJME^iTAL POLICY 
The Grange says:— Relief Should Be 

Administered by Local Authorities 

. ^t is publicly stated by those who 
avor Revision that the demand for 

?.^^y constitution is the result of the 
^"ef burden. Power is to be granted 
^ Legislature to regulate the em- 

^yment of men, women and children 



in industry. Under this authority the 
Legislature can establish minimum 
hours, minimum wages, regulate and 
control conditions of employment, 
abolish child labor and prescribe the 
contract between employer and em- 
ployed. 

(1) The Legislature shall have fur- 
ther power to declare any business 
vested with the public interest and 
regulated as a public utility. 

(2) The Legislature shall have 
power to acquire property for slum 
clearance. 

(3) The Legislature shall have 
power to acquire property upon which 
to erect and maintain public housing 
projects. 

(4) The Legislature shall have 
power to charter corporations for pub- 
lic housing projects to subsidize and 
regulate the same. 

(5) The Legislature shall have au- 
thority to consolidate and supervise 
the welfare agencies within the Com- 
monwealth. 

(6) The Legislature shall have au- 
thority to expend public money for 
the relief of distress. 

(7) The Legislature shall have au- 
thority to expend public money to give 
work to the unemployed. 

The Grange is opposed to giving 
the Legislature such broad powers and 
advocates the administration of relief 
by local authorities. 

For these reasons, as well as those 
stated previously, I trust you will op- 
pose the referendum on September 17, 
with all the power at your command. 
Fraternally yours, 

J. A. BOAK, 

Master, State Grange. 



to the rural districts would make it 
possible for needy farmers to secure 
at least part-time employment, which 
would enable them to meet their press- 
ing financial obligations. 



THE RURAL PEOPLE MUST 

UNITE THEIR ENERGIES 

If the agricultural people of the 
country desire to secure for the im- 
provement of farm-to-market roads 
any part of the $800,000,000 Federal 
appropriations for highways, it is 
highly important for them to become 
vocal. While the $4,880,000,000 works 
elief act, approved a couple of months 
ago, provides that at least 25 per cent 
of the money earmarked for highways 
shall go to the improvement of "sec- 
ondary roads," this gives a great deal 
of latitude to those who are charged 
with the administration of the act. 

Highways departments in the sev- 
eral states will have much to say as 
to the type of roads upon which the 
money is to be spent. While it is 
agreed on every hand that primary 
roads should be given first considera- 
tion, the building of high-priced 
boulevards has been going on so long 
that many of our highways officials 
overlook the fact that two-thirds of all 
the farms in the United States, four 
million in number, are still located on 
dirt roads. 

The Grange and other farm organ- 
izations stoutly maintain that the 
time has come when farm-to-market 
roads should be given the considera- 
Mon to which they are justly entitled. 
The demand is for all-weather roads, 
which will not necessarily be very 
expensive, but which will be reason- 
ably durable and help to take the 
farmer out of the mud. 

There are two factors involved in 
the situation — works and relief. The 
improvement of rural roads would 
take thousands of men off the relief 
rolls and nrivc them employment on 
useful public projects. 

Under Federal regulations, 10 per 
cent of those employed on public pro- 
jects may be drawn from that part of 
the population which is not on relief. 
Under these conditions, the allocation 
of a certain percentage of road funds 



When you call on a business man 
call on business and state your busi- 
ness in a business-like manner. When 
you have concluded your business go 
about your business, leave him to his 
business and mind your own business. 
That's business. 



HUMP YOURSELF 

All things come to him who waits; 

But here's a rule that's slicker; 
The man who goes for what he wants 

Will get it all the quicker. 



MONSTER BOOSTER MEETING 

FOR CANTON, SEPT. 30 

One of the largest Booster Night 
meetings held in Bradford County or 
possibly in Pennsylvania will be held 
at Canton, Pa., on September 30th, 
the Grange National Booster Night, 
in the Canton High School gymna- 
sium, when Minnequa, Open Hand 
and Beech Flats Granges hold a joint 
Booster night. 

A good program is being formed 
with two main features. 

Past Master, E. B. Dorsett will ad- 
dress the gathering and the subject of 
his address will be "The Grange." 

The recreational activities will be 
in charge of Prof. Willis Kerns of 
Pennsylvania State College, successor 
to Prof. Gordon. 



OUR FASHION AND PATTERN DEPARTMENT 

All Patterns 15 cents in stamps or coin (coin preferred) 




Out New FaM ft'^'i ^'••' .'^ Fashion Maearine is 16 cents a copy, but may be obtained 
for 10 cents if ordered same time as pattern. 



2966 — Chic Home Ensemble. Designed for 
sizes 36. 38. 40, 42. 44. 46. 48 and 
50 inchoR bust. Size 36 requires 
2% yards of 39-inch printed ma- 
terial with 2 yards of plain 35-inrh 
material and ^% yards of braid. 

8971 — For First Fall Days. Designed for 
sizes n. 13, \^ and 17 years. Size 
15 roquires 3% yards of 3n-inrh 
material with % yard of 35-lnch 
contrasting. 

2978 — For School Wear. Designed for sizes 
8. 10. 12 and 14 years. Size 12 
requires 3% yards of 39-inch ma- 



terial with 1% yards of 35-tnch 
contrasting and >% yard of 1-tnoh 
ribbon for neck bow. 

2916 — Back to School Dress. Designed for 
sizes 6, 8, 10 and 12 years. Sixe 
8 requires 2% yards of 39-lncb ma- 
terial with % yard of 35-tnch con- 
trasting. 

8268 — Smartness for Matrons. Designed for 
sizes 36. 38. 40, 42, 44. 46. 48 and 
50 Inches bust. Size 36 requires 
3% yards of 39-lnch material with 
% yard of 39-lnch contrasting ma- 
terial for neck and sleeve trimming 
and 2% yards of edging. 



Address, giving number and size: 

PATTERN DEPARTMENT. GRANGE NEWS 
428 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa 



Page 12 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



September, I935 




Our Juvenile Granges 

Mbs. Elizabeth Staekkt, Mansfield 



Dear Juveniles: 

School time is here again! It is 
hard to realize that our summer va- 
cation is over and we are about to 
settle down to our work in school. I 
sincerely hope every boy and girl has 
had a pleasant vacation and also a 
profitable one. If we have learned 
something new, improved our music, 
swimming or other things, given 
mother or father a little help, our va- 
cation has been worth something to us. 

As we begin our fall work, let's 
realize that it is nearing the close of 
another year in Grange work. Let us 
work a little harder this last quarter 
to make our Juvenile Grange better 
and more interesting. I hope we can 
close the year with a larger member- 
ship in each Grange, with more Juve- 
niles in the State and with some 
things accomplished that are worth 
while. 

I hope many of you boys and girls 
who are older, will help to make your 
Juvenile a success. Have each of you 
caught a vision of our place in the 
great Grange family? Do you realize 
that you are the ones that will soon be 
carrying on the work of the Grange 
through Subordinate, Pomona, and 
State Grange? To you will come the 
honor of being leaders for you are re- 
ceiving training each night your 
Juvenile Grange meets. Those out- 
side the Grange may watch you, know- 
ing that the Juvenile Grange has a 
very high standard of ideals to which 
it is helping each member. Be sure 
you do not do something, trivial 
though it may be, to have people 
change their opinion about our or- 
ganization. We sometimes forget that 
our own Juvenile Grange is a part of 
a great nationwide Order and that to 
have this Order great each individual 
must do his part. I am sure no Juve- 
nile boy or girl, young or older, will 
disappoint me by not helping to keep 
our organization clean, pure and 
worth while to us and to others. 

Let's remember our pledge and help 
each other to keep it. 



Worthy Deputies: 

Our State meeting is rapidly draw- 
ing near and I hoi)e every Deputy is 
helping her Granges, in every way 
possible, to prepare some worth-while 
Grange projects. Have those in your 
districts judged so that you may bring 
or send to State Grange one or two 
projects for an exhibit. I want some 
splendid things brought in to show 
that we do worth-while things and so 
that others may get ideas of things 
that can be done. One idea is men- 
tioned in another place on this page 
and I am sure there are many other 
things that can be done. 

Will you also check on your Juve- 
niles and see that they are doing their 
work properly? Please stress that 
their reports must be sent in to the 
State Secretary. This is one of our 
weak points and I feel badly over it. 
You will see from the honor roll on 
this page that we need to work on this. 

Do you have a good degree team? 
Some Juvenile Grange will have the 
honor of conferring this degree at the 
State meeting and I want to hear from 
you soon. Please also urge the mem- 
bers to take part in the State Essay 
Contest; subject, "The Origin of the 
Grange." These essays must be 
judged before our State session and 



each must get busy at once. In the 
August issue of Grange Netws were 
given the rules and that only leaves a 
short time. The date will be extended 
to October 15th but that is the latest. 
Let's have a lot of papers in at that 
time. 



The National Grange contest closed 
August 1st and to date I have re- 
ceived only one essay. Hope I receive 
more in the next day or two. I am 
very proud that we have one who 
would try and I am sure she will not 
regret having spent the time on it. 

Possibly some granges are working 
on the other contest which closed 
September 1st. Hope by the time you 
read this that I may have received 
many entries reaching to achieve the 
"Ideal Juvenile Grange." 



better next quarter. Let each grange 
do its duty. 

Worthy Matron, let me caution you 
to make your reports complete. Some 
come in unsigned; let's be careful 
next time. 



Mrs. Harry Emery, Matron of 
Westfield Juvenile Grange, No. 1514, 
has sent in a very interesting report 
of the work her Juvenile is doing. I 
am sending some of it on here for 
others to read and enjoy. I am sure 
you will realize that they are wide 
awake Juveniles and believe in doing 
things. I quote from Mrs. Emery's 
letter : 

"First and what has seemed to me 
the most important thing done, was 
putting on the Juvenile Degree. Mon- 
day night, July 29th, we initiated a 
class of nine, four girls and five boys, 
and have two more applicants who 
failed to get out to the meeting. I 
must say for the children that they 
did fine. We put up a wire across the 
end of the basement hall and hung 
sheets on for curtains and had our 
tableaux. We had a seating drill at 
the opening of the degree and a re- 
tiring march. He now have an enroll- 
ment of 35 members and 11 honorary 
members. 

Another thing we did was to hold 
an ice cream social. We want a piano 
so badly for our own as so few boys 
and girls can play an organ. We 
cleared a nice sum and the children 
did most of the work. 

We are also doing some basket 
weaving. Our assistant Matron, Miss 
Wellar, is instructing us in this and 
you would be surprised at the lovely 
things they are making. Among these 
are baskets, stools, magazine racks, 
trays, a fernery, a tea table and lamp. 
All made out of wicker and all work 
done by the children. 

Doesn't this sound interesting? 
Watch for some of this basketry at 
State Grange. 



Tioga Valley Juvenile Grange held 
a picnic, Friday evening, August 16th, 
as the result of a contest they have 
had. The parents were invited and 
although a shower in the late after- 
noon made it impossible to hold this 
in the grove, nevertheless we had an 
enjoyable time in the home of our 
Worthy Juvenile Master, Lecturer and 
Secretary. The evening was spent in 
music, games and a short program, 
after which everyone did their duty 
to the lunch, consisting of "weiners 
and rolls, salad, cake, ice cream, lem- 
onade and marshmallows." 



September 30th is to be Booster 
Night in Pennsylvania. All Subor- 
dinate Granges are to meet on that 
night and celebrate in various ways, 
especially by initiating a class of 
candidates. I wish every Juvenile 
Grange would have a special Booster 
Night program, also take in a class 
if possible. Every Juvenile that has 
a Booster Night program on Septem- 
ber 30th and reports it to me, will be 
placed on our Booster Roll next 
month, if you send it to me before 
October 15th. How many can we 
have that have been "Boosters"? 



OUR CHILDREN'S FRIENDSHIPS 

By Helen Gregg Green 

"Now, Mom dear, when I bring 
Grover home for dinner, please just 
pretend not to notice his table man- 
ners. Because, really. Mom, under- 
neath he's such a fine chap. He just 
hasn't had the chance to learn all 
these things you and Dad have taught 
me " 



jf 



"Of course I won't, Ted," answered 
Mrs. Thornton. "Perhaps in time, 
he'll learn some useful, helpful things 
from you. And since we all believe 
in reciprocity, perhaps he can teach 



» 



Following is a list of those Counties 
whose June reports were in 100%. I 
am sorry we do not have more. Let 
us all work harder for the ones this 
month. Remember, a reward of some 
sort for those granges having all their 
reports for the year in by January 1st. 

Clearfield, Cumberland, Montgom- 
ery Union are the only ones who have 
all their reports in. Of course these 
only have a few granges and have a 
possible advantage but if each Juve- 
nile Grange does its duty, we could 
have 100% for every County. 

The following have all in but one: 
Allegheny, Beaver, Northumberland, 
Warren and Washington. 

I believe we have fallen down a 
little since last quarter. Let's do 



you some. 

The foregoing conversatin ccurred 
several years ago when X was visiting 
the Thornton family. I had been much 
interested, wondering what mutual 
benefit the two boys would derive 
from the friendship. So when I re- 
cently received a letter from Mrs. 
Thornton, asking me to spend a week 
at her house, I thought to myself, "I 
wonder whether Ted and Grover are 
still fast friends." 

I soon discovered that the friend- 
ship between the two boys had grown 
and developed to the pleasure and 
benefit of both. I commented on this 
to Ted's mother. 

"Yes," said Mrs. Thornton, "I have 
always been careful never to discour- 
age any friendships of Ted's, except 
when there was some very real reason 
for my objection. Many of his ap- 
parently least-promising acquaint- 
ances have developed into his most 
worth-while friends. Take young 
Grover, as an example. When he be- 
gan coming to our house he was a big, 
uncouth chap whose table manners 
were atrocious. But he was ambitious. 
Left an orphan, very young, he had 
spent most of his life with some rela- 
tives on a farm and now trudged sev- 
eral miles each day over country roads 
to reach the town school. He was a 
very observant boy. He had come into 
contact with few of the small but im- 
portant amenities of life, at home, and 
he soon became conscious of this 
handicap. But instead of developing 
an inferiority complex, he began look- 



ing around him, thoughtfully, study, 
ing his new acquaintances, and at 
length adopting those behavior pat- 
terns that he felt were worth while" 

"And during that interval you did 
as Ted so thoughtfully asked you to 
do: just ^didn't notice'," I inter- 
rupted, remembering the considerate 
suggestion. 

"Yes, I think Ted and I helped 
Grover. I'd often get ideas across in 
a tactful way. I'd suggest that both 
boys read certain books — did you 
know there are delightful books for 
youngsters on etiquette? — and go to 
see certain picture shows and plays. 
Of course it was a help to Grover* 
but Grover, too, helped Ted." 

"May I ask, in what ways?" I an- 
swered, for I was truly interested. 

"Well, I'm ashamed to say I hadn't 
succeeded in teaching Sonny the value 
of money. But Grover confided in 
him. He would say, 'You see. Boy, 
if I'm not careful with the money I 
earn and with the small amount my 
dad and mother left me, there'll be no 
college!' Well, this started Ted to 
thinking: 'Why, it really is a privilege 
to be sent away to school!' I believe 
until he had talked with Grover, Ted 
just took such privileges for granted. 
And I noticed a tightening of the 
purse strings. He even suggested to 
his father, after Father had a cut in 
his salary, 'Dad I don't need as much 
of an allowance as you have been giv- 
ing me. And I've been promised a 
job for this summer. If I get it you 
won't need to give me any allow- 
ance.' " ' 

"Well, that was pretty fine," I had 
to admit, proud of my young Ted. 

"Indeed it was!" His mother con- 
tinued, "And Grover taught Ted real 
appreciation of his father and me. He 
used to say often, when I had a par- 
ticularly good dinner, 'Some dinner! 
Mother Thornton. Nobody in the 
world can cook like you.' These com- 
pliments started Ted to thinking. 
One day he said, 'Mother, you are 
wonderful! And so is Dad. I think 
Grover has helped make me realize 
this.' " 

"Well, your interest in Ted's friend- 
ships has been most worth while!" I 
said. I was truly enthusiastic. "So 
many parents want their boys and 
girls to associate evclusively with the 
children who are the sons and daugh- 
ters of their own particular friendsr- 
those who have a certain type of 
background, or who go to certain ex- 
clusive schools. The real fundamental 
reasons for friendship, such as con- 
geniality and understanding and just 
plain worth- whileness are so often 
overlooked." 

"Yes," said Ted's mother, "but years 
ago, when I was a girl I had several 
dear friendships broken up by my 
mother. I made up my mind, then, 
that if I ever had children, I would 
remember, and they should profit. 
Boys and girls must learn to judge 
and to choose for themselves, so that 
their friendships will bring not only 
mutual benefit but genuine happi' 



September, 1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 13 



ness 



FRANCIS V. WALTON DIES 

Francis V. Walton, Master of 
Wissahickon Grange, No. 760, of 
Montgomery Co., Pa., passed away at 
his home, Gwynedd, July 26th, in 
his 72d year. 

He was a very active member of the 
Grange, joining the order in his early 
youth and held the Master's Chair for 
many years. He was a farmer, re- 
tiring in 1928, a member of the Ke- 
ligious Society of Friends at Q^' 
nedd. 

He is survived by his wife, two sons 
and one daughter. 



Why Change the 
Constitution? 

THE Pennsylvania Primary Elec- 
tion this year will be held on Sep- 
tember 17, which is Constitution 
j)ay. On that date Pennsylvania vot- 
gjg will decide for or against calling 
a convention to revise our state con- 
stitution- It seems fitting that such 
a contest should be held on the anni- 
versary of the adoption of our nation- 
al constitution, September 17, 1787. 

^11 things considered, it is our 
judgment that our state constitution 
should Not be rewritten now because 
of the reasons given by those who ad- 
vocate the change. 

The chief reason advanced by those 
who would revise the 61-year old docu- 
ment is that they want to borrow more 
money than the present constitution 
will permit. The present debt limit 
for the state is one million dollars. If 
the present limit were fifty millions, 
or one hundred millions, we would be 
that much in debt now. 

Every dollar of increased state debt 
becomes an obligation of every citi- 
zen of the state. All taxpayers, big 
and little must pay the bill. There is 
no escape for anyone. 

The fellow who owns no property 
should not kid himself that he does 
not share the obligation. He does. 
He pays on every thing he eats and 
wears and uses; the rent check car- 
ries hidden taxes made higher by in- 
creased public debt. 

Taxation adds to the price of the 
baby's milk; it adds to the cost of 
insurance carried for the protection 
of those near and dear; it increase.^ 
the cost of medicine; recreation, edu- 
cation, entertainment — everything in 
life and death. If you own a radio 
you are taxed, indirectly for the use 
of air and sunshine. 

It naturally follows then that every 
citizen, rich or poor, has a direct in- 
terest in the cost of government. 
Waste and extravagance make every- 
body's tax bill higher. The higher 
the public debt, the higher the tax 
bill, always. 

We do not condemn all debt. Pri- 
vate debts contracted for worthy pur- 
poses, are often the means of encour- 
agmg thrift and economy — two cardi- 
nal virtures in growth and progress 
of an individual, a state or a nation. 
But unnecessary debts, waste and ex- 
travagance are dangerous, whether 
contracted by individuals, states or 
nations. 

The Federal Government, in two 
and a half years, under the New Deal 
bas plunged the nation so far in debt 
that people are discouraged. Already 
m some quarters there is talk of ruin- 
ous inflation and repudiation by this 
or succeeding generations. That may 
f the only course open to our chil- 
dren. 

Now, in addition to all the burdens 
ot individual, local and national debts, 
governor Earle and many of his new- 
/ persuaded jobholding converts seem 
^ regard it as their special duty to 
80 change the state constitution that 
y will be able to plunge the state 
^^w untold millions of debt for no- 
body knows what. 

rp j^^ People, who must pay the bill, 
egardless of its size, permit this, the 
^^overnor may ask the next legislature 
H^if ^^ ^^ni fifty or a hundred million 
^^J^ars to spend, "as he sees fit." 
er ^r^ ^^"' ^ taxpayer, want to should- 
'your share of such a burden? 

^0 you want to give anybody Demo- 



he is going out to stump the state in 
an effort to carry the referendum for 
a constitutional convention. 

The State Grange will make a 
strenuous campaign against holding 
a constitutional convention. The 
members and leaders, with many oth- 
ers, reason that the danger of getting 
something we do not want, through a 
convention, is much greater than the 
opportunity for getting something 
better than we now have. 

Actually one New Deal politician 
is vitally interested in a changed 
state constitution. All that contem- 
plated changes will mean to the aver- 
age citizen is increased debt and tax- 
ation. Greater borrowing and spend- 
ing power would mean much to poli- 
ticians now and hereafter, but it 
would all be at the expense of the 
people. Under the present constitu- 
tion, Pennsylvania became one of the 
leading states of the Union in the 
last half century. If the constitution 
has been good enough to promote that 
degree of progress in sixty years, the 
New Deal should be able to endure 
it for four years. 

No doubt some minor changes 
would improve the basic law, but 
these, if desirable, can be accom- 
plished by amendments. Why tear 
down or destroy the house to repair 
a worn step or stairway? 

The surest, safest, and most cer- 
tain way to prevent increased debt 
and state taxation on everybody is to 
Vote Against the convention referen- 
dum in the Primary on September 17. 
The very fact that the referendum is 
to be voted on National Constitution 
Day carries an invitation to patriotic 
Americanism to consider well the 
progress of the past, the potential 
problems of the future, the motives 
behind this extravagant New Deal 
program, and its effect, if successful, 
upon every citizen and taxpayer in the 
state. 

WE REPEAT: It is our judgment 
that the citizens of this and every 
other county in the state will promote 
their own best interests by voting 
against the proposed constitutional 
convention. In that way, you can be 
sure to avoid increased debt and taxa- 
tion. If you vote for the convention, 
you can't be sure of anything, save 
that your personal obligations will be 
greatly increased without regard to 
your ability to pay. — Beaver Times. 



*i "t^^ ^^Publican, power and au- 
obl'f--^- ^ inipose on you financial 



the 



'5? ons without limit simply to 
S^y greed for political power? 
tie Governor has announced that 



PENN STATE ECONOMISTS 

FIND LITTLE MILK USED 

In a survey of 3,413 representative 
families in Philadelphia last year, 
agricultural economists of the Penn- 
sylvania State College found that the 
per capita consumption of milk in 
the home was only six-tenths of a pint 
daily. This was a decline of 11% per 
cent compared with 1929. 

Consumption of dairy products 
varied considerably among different 
nationalities. There was an increase 
in the amount of milk used as the 
family income increased. Of the fam- 
ilies interviewed, nearly half used 
some condensed or evaporated milk. 



LABORED LONG 

AND DILIGENTLY 

Brother R. S. Hartley, Secretary of 
Subordinate Grange No. 407, Warren 
County has passed his 80th birthday, 
and Mrs. Hartley will be 79 years this 
coming September. They have held 
membership in the Grange since 1882 
and have been active throughout their 
career. Brother Hartley has served 
as secretary for ten years and has 
been absent but twice during that pe- 
riod. 



APPROVE GRANGE ACTION 

Aug. 1, 1935. 
"Hon. J. A. Boak, 
New Castle, Pa. 

Dear Mr. Boak: 

My attention has just been called 
to the very noble stand you and the 
Pennsylvania State Grange have de- 
cided to take in the matter of the re- 
vision of our Pennsylvania Constitu- 
tion. Such a move at this time is 
unwarranted and unnecessary, and I 
know would only add more fuel to the 
reckless wild expenditures that are 
now being thrust upon our citizens. 

What the citizens of Pennsylvania 
need more than anything else at this 
time, is the curbing of Corrupt Pol- 
itics, a decided curtailment of Bur- 
densome Taxes, revision of a number 
of laws that now encourage Legalized 
Bobbery, the banishment from public 
ofiice of the Hypocritical Reformer 
and business man, and a balanced 
budget. 

The American Sentinel, a non- 
partisan non-sectarian Journal, will 
aid with all the power at its command 
to reestablish the rights of our people. 
If you have any article in opposition 
to the constitutional convention, I 
should be pleased to print same in our 
next issue, which will be about Aug. 
20, 1935. 

Assuring you that our idea on re- 
vision at this time appear to be travel- 
ing on the same broad srauge road. 
Very truly. 
The American Sentinel. 

E. S. HUGENTUGLER, 

President. 



conditions are in a state of unnatural- 
ness and stress. That inasmuch as 
the Grange has always advocated a 
policy of "Pay as you go" and reduce 
costs of Government and, That inas- 
much as the Grange believes firmly in 
the non-partisan participation of all 
our people in all matters that pertain 
to the present good and future wel- 
fare of our state, and 

Inasmuch, as we fear that in this 
time of emergency, various changes 
night be written into a document that 
future years would prove unwise, and 
Inasmuch as we believe in basis and 
fundamental laws at all times. There- 
fore be it 

Resolved, that York County Po- 
mona Grange No. 40 in regular ses- 
sion convened at Eureka Grange, Aug. 
10, 1935, do go on record as whole- 
heartedly upholding the action of the 
Pennsylvania State Grange in oppos- 
ing the Calling of a Constitutional 
Convention whose duty would be to 
rewrite or revise our present State 
Constitution." 

Adopted by unanmous vote without 
a discussion. 



"Resolved, That we, the members of 
Bradford County Pomona Grange No. 
23 are opposed to the calling of a 
state constitution convention or mak- 
ing any changes whatever in either 
the state or federal constitution. Also, 

"Resolved, That an feffort be made 
to interest the Grange members to at- 
tend the primary elections." 



"Dear Worthy Master: 

"We are very much pleased to learn 
of the position you take in regard to 
Constitutional Revision as expressed 
in your letter of July 30th." 

Resolution 

"Be it Resolved, That inasmuch as 
the economic-social and industrial 



STATE ORANGE GROUP 

HITS SUNDAY MOVIES 

Pennsylvania members of the Loyal 
Orange institution returned to their 
home cities to oppose Sunday movies. 

The state grand lodge of the organ- 
ization voted against Sunday movies 
at its closing convention session. In 
another vote the lodge opposed pro- 
posed appropriation of state funds to 
parochial schools. 

The state grand lodge of the Ladies* 
International Orange Association, 
meeting at the same time, adopted 
resolutions in support of the federal 
constitution and the system of free 
public schools. 



Farmer to new hired man — 
"Where's that mule I told you to take 
out and have shod?" 

New Hand — "Did you say 'shod'! 
I thought you said *shot.' I've just 
been buryin' her." — Boston Evening 
Transcript. 



Scientists are working to create a 
telephone pole that will withstand the 
impact of a car going forty-five miles 
an hour. It would be much better to 
have poles that could jump o«t of the 
way. 



INGERSOLL PAINTS 

Officially Endorsed by the National Grange in 1874 and in 
continuous use by Members of the Order ever since. 

We do not believe a better or more durable paint it produced 

Nearly a CENTURY'S USE has CONCLUSIVELY PROVED the truth 
of all claims made for Superior Durability of INGERSOLL PAINTS. 

Manufactured by us in all colors for all purposes and sold only 

DIRECT to YOU at FACTORY PRICES 

in accordance with ARTICLE 4, Declaration of Purposes, P. of H. 

You Save All Middlemen's Profits and Expenses and 
Get Full Paint Value for Your Money 

INOERSOLL PAINTS com. DIRECT to You >t FACTORY PRICES, which ar« way BELOW 

th* cost of oth«r ■trictlyjirat-grad*. xeliabU brands, and ganarally Uaa than tha ratail price 

of low.grada paints. W« offar you REAL QUALITY PAINT at a BIO CASH SAVtNG. 



NEW LOW Factory Prices 



Prepaid Freight Offer 



^ o^?r J «^l^J^^^°^^ PAINT BOOK-FREE to YOU. It will .how you how to REALLY 

SAVE MONEY on your paint raquiramanta. WRITE TODAY lor SampU Color Cards. 

Factory Pricas and our Prapaid Freight Offar on GUARANTEED INOERSOLL PAINTS 

PATRONS' PAINT WORKS, Inc. 

Th€ Oldmat Rmady-Mix9d Paint Factory in Ammriea. Eatahliahmd in 1842 

234 PLYMOUTH STREET BROOKLYN, NEW YORK 

Tho EDITOR of this papar raeommands INOERSOLL PAINTS 



Pa^e 14 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



September, I935 



Among the Granges 



Activities of the Order in Various Localities 



COUNTY GEANGERS 

IN ANNUAL PICNIC 

To several hundred persons, mem- 
bers of the Lawrence County Pomona 
Grange, Aug. 13 was a day of gaiety, 
one which will not be forgotten for 
some time. 

Under a hot August sun, Grangers 
from every district in the county gath- 
ered at Cascade Park for their annual 
outing which was a success in every 
detail. 

In the grove of the park, at 10 : 00 
o'clock, the Grange members met and 
renewed old acquaintances. At 12 : 00 
o'clock, a delicious picnic dinner was 
served. A most enjoyable program 
presented at the band stand, followed. 

Musical selections given by Thomas 
McCullough and Gladys Howell, were 
thoroughly enjoyed by the gathering. 
W. J. Fullerton, master of the Law- 
rence County Pomona Grange, called 
on State Master J. A. Boak, of New 
Castle, who introduced Mrs. Ira Gross 
of Johnstown, lecturer of the state 
Grange. She spoke on, "Do We Need 
a New Constitution." 

Oppose Constitution Change 

Mrs. Gross paraphrased van Dyke's 
poem, (Four Things a Man Must Do). 
"Four Things a Grange Must Do," if 
it would prove its purpose true, to 
think — clearly without conclusion; to 
love — sincerely fellow man ; to act — 
purely from honest motives; to trust 
— in God and Heaven securely. Be- 
cause of these, the Grange feels it can 
not go along with the plan to change 
the constitution," Mrs. Gross stated. 

The speaker also said, "The Grange 
is nonpartisan and because we believe 
in this, we are opposed to the selec- 
tion of the delegates as proposed by 
the act." Some of Mrs. Gross' reasons 
for opposing a new constitution were: 
"The time is not favorable for delib- 
erate judgment on so important a 
matter; the election of delegates by 
senatorial districts as provided by the 
bill does not give rural districts and 
localities of the state as direct and 
complete representation as could have 
been secured by legislative districts. 
The proposal to increase the borrow- 
ing capacity of the Commonwealth 
from $1,000,000 to $50,000,000 is un- 
wise and not necessary." She advo- 
cated "Pay As You Go." Mrs. Gross' 
address pleased the crowd. 

"Challenge of Machinery" 

Ira Gross, of Johnstown, past lec- 
turer, spoke on, "The Challenge of 
Machinery." "The Grange must meet 
the challenge of machinery by main- 
taining the human touch. We can 
not hope to maintain human touch 
through codes, but must through hu- 
man conscience. We must go back 
to the same faith and trust of our 
forefathers," he said among other 
things. 

During the presentation of the pro- 
gram, the Westfield Grange quartet, 
J. W. Brewster, Marie Leslie, John 
Miller and William McCombs, sang a 
selection which met with the approval 
of the audience. Following a brief 
business session, in which W. J. Ful- 
lerton presided, the picnickers assem- 
bled near the old pony track, where a 
sports program brought to a close the 
event. The outing was most success- 
ful. 



GRANGE OPPOSES 

CHARTER REVISION 

At the quarterly meeting of the 
York County Pomona Grange, held 
Saturday, Aug. 10, with Eureka 
Grange, this place, the county group 
went on record as "wholeheartedly" 
upholding the action of the Pennsyl- 
vania State Grange in opposing the 
calling of a Constitutional convention 
whose duty would be to rewrite or re- 
vise our present state constitution." 
The resolution was unanimously 
adopted. 

The Grange cited as its reasons for 
opposing a constitutional convention 
the fact that "the economic, social and 
industrial conditions are in a state of 
unnaturalness and stress," and they 
fear that "various changes might be 
written into a document that in fu- 
ture years would prove unwise." 
They also cited the policies advocated 
by the Grange as "pay-as-you-go and 
reduction of costs of government" and 
the belief of the body in "non-partisan 
participation of all our people in all 
matters that pertain to the present 
good and future welfare of the state." 

Reports given at the meeting 
showed that the Grange is growing, 
with York County adding 150 in the 
past six weeks. It was also reported 
that the National Grange has reported 
an increase in membership over the 
1929 record. 

State Officer Speaks 

Members from all sections of York 
County, to the number of 200, at- 
tended the session, at which the Po- 
mona Master; E. M, Kilgore, presided. 
Isaac Gross, of Bucks County, over- 
seer of the Pennsylvania State 
Grange, was present and gave a his- 
tory of Grange growth from the time 
of its organization after the Civil War 
to the present. Mr. and Mrs. Ira 
Gross, Johnstown, also attended. Mrs. 
Gross, lecturer of the state organiza- 
tion, spoke on the subject of the con- 
stitutional convention and the lec- 
turer's part in the Grange program. 
Mr. Gross, who is the supervising 
principal of the schools of Johnstown, 
spoke on the fraternal and ritualistic 
side of Grange life. 

Music was furnished by the orches- 
tra of Eureka Grange. Two plays 
were presented by members of the host 
order. The next meeting of Pomona 
will be held at Airville on Saturday, 
November 9, when the bi-annual elec- 
tion of officers will be held. 



LINCOLN HOST TO 

POMONA GRANGERS 

The attendance at the meeting of 
Pomona Grange No. 3 of Chester and 
Delaware Counties, held at Lincoln 
University, was large. The Little 
Theatre at the University, in which 
the sessions were held, was filled to 
capacity. 

Henry M. Faucett of Concord 
Grange, presided. Mrs. Marian Miller 
of Kimberton Grange, acted as secre- 
tary. The address of welcome at the 
morning session was given by Prof. 
Walter L. Wright, presented by J. 
Hastings Whiteside, Oxford Grange, 
No. 67. ^ 

Prof. Wright, gave a brief account 
of the history of Lincoln University, 
which is the largest Negro university 
in the United States, and one in 
which the liberal arts are taught. 



Merrill Cann, of Marshallton 
Grange, gave the response to the wel- 
come, expressing appreciation for the 
hospitality extended, and spoke in an 
optimistic manner of the opportu- 
nities of the farmer. 

During the period devoted to Po- 
mona Deputy reports, Mrs. Charles C. 
Rankin told of her visit to Goshen 
Grange and Howard Worrall of his 
visits to Fernwood, Fremont and New 
London. The hospitality committee 
included Walter Painter, Brandywine 
Grans'e; Mrs. Vansant and Dr. Han- 
nah McK. Lyons, Oxford, 67. Hast- 
ings Whiteside, member of the Exec- 
utive Committee of Pomona, has 
made arrangements for serving iced 
tea and ice cream to supplement the 
basket picnic lunches brought by the 
members. The ice cream was donated 
by Mr. Whiteside. 

The reports of subordinate Granges 
showed a gain in membership of forty- 
live, with forty-nine members lost and 
fifty applications. James G. K. Duer, 
of Brandywine Grange, was named 
a member of the Committee on Edu- 
cation, to fill the 'vacancy caused by 
the death of Prof. A. D. Cromwell. 

John A. McSparran, Past Master of 
Pennsylvania State Grange gave a 
concise talk upon why the State 
Grange is opposed to the Constitu- 
tional Convention and any chans^o in 
the Constitution at the present time. 
He believes that the country is in no 
condition to make any changes, that 
in these troublous times the thinking 



is not straight and there is no timp 
for proper deliberation, and that the 
plan for the convention will not pron. 
erly represent the people. The Gransi 
advocates the "pay as you go" policy 
that would be set aside with a Con! 
stitutional change. 



5eptember, 1935 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 15 



DEFENSE OF STATE 

CONSTITUTION HEARD 

BY POMONA GRANGE 

On Thursday, Aug. 15, the quiet 
little town of Rome, Pa., was the 
scene of one of the largest Pomona 
gatherings of the year when Bradford 
County Pomona No. 23 met in regular 
session for the third quarterly meet- 
ing of the present year. The morning 
session was held in the regular Rome 
Grange hall and with Pomona Master 
Albert Madigan in the chair was de- 
voted to the usual business of the 
Fifth Degree. 

Albert Cornell and wife, former 
members of Columbia Grange, now 
residents of Washington, D. C, were 
present. Mr. Cornell was at one time 
state lecturer of Pennsylvania. He 
talked of Grange activities he had re- 
cently been able to attend in the New 
England States and gave an excellent 
account of how "Grange Day" was in- 
augurated at the open forum in St 
Petersburg, Fla., with Grangers from 
many different states in the union 
taking part in the program at this 
meeting. He urged all to attend the 
Grange meetings and take part in 




KNOX 

Whereab, It has pleased our heavenly 
Father, on Friday. July 5. 1935, to remove 
from our midst. Brother Harvey Knox ; be It 
Resolved, That we, members of Ohio Pyle 
Grange, No. 1933. extend our sincere sym- 
pathy to the bereaved family, drape our 
charter for thirty days, record these reso- 
lutions In our minutes, and send a copy to 
the family, and publish them In the Gkanou 
News. I. F. Woodmaney, 

M. W. Chitestbr, 
Harry Kin*g, 

Committee. 
HAYS 

John P. Hays, having departed this life 
Friday, June 28, 1935 ; 

Whereas, We the members of Valley 
Grange, No. 1360, having learned with sor- 
row that death has removed from our 
midst one who was a faithful and active 
member of our Grange, and 

Whereas, We desire to express our deepest 
appreciation of the noble life he has lived, 
the many deeds of kindness and acts of un- 
shaken faith and love performed in our be- 
half and in the redeeming power of the 
Higher Being, therefore be it 

Kvsolved, That In the death of Brother 
John P. Hays we deeply feel and mourn our 
loss but through faith we believe that what 
to us is counted as loss will to his Immortal 
soul be counted as gain ; and be it further 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions 
be spread upon the minutes of our Grange 
and sent to the Grange News for publica- 
tion and a copy be sent to the family. 

Ralph E, Kohler, 
John David Kilmore. 

RITPPIN 

Again our heavenly Father has entered 
our midst and called from earthly labor our 
worthy Brother and Past Master L. Ruppin, 
of Ephrata Grange, No. 1815; 

Whereas. We look back on the numerous 
beneficial accomplishments he has made In 
Grange work and view with regret the future 
without his pleasant association ; therefore, 
be it 

Resolved, That we tender our heartfelt 
sympathy to his wife and family, that these 
resolutions be made part of our minutes, a 
copy sent to the family and to the Grange 
Nbws. Miss M. E. Burkholder, 

Ralph Bolton, 
L.. B. Hubbk, 

Committee. 
HILL 

Whereas, It has pleased our heavenly 
Father In his infinite wisdom to remove from 
our midst, our brother, W. F. Hill, Past 
Master of the Pennsylvania State Grange: 
be it, therefore. 

Resolved, That we, the members of 
Mercer County Pomona Orange, No. 25, de- 



sire to cherish the memory of one whom we 
have known and loved as a brother, and 
while Brother Hill was not a member of 
Mercer County Pomona, still the influence of 
this brother has spread State-wide and has 
helped us not a little In this county ; and b« 
It, therefore. 

Resolved, That we extend our sympathy 
to the bereaved family, record these resolu- 
tions In our minutes, that a copy of same 
be mailed to the family and that they b< 
published In Grange News. 

c. c. voobhie8, 
Daniel Rbdfobt. 

HOUK 

Whkreas, It has pleased the Almighty God 
in his infinite wisdom to remove from our 
midst our Brother Harry Houk, of Tyro Hall 
Grange, Buckingham, No. 1513; be it there- 
fore 

Resolved, While we in sorrow bow to th« 
will of God, we desire to cherish the mem- 
ory of him whom we have known, emulate 
his virtues and character, and remember 
him as kindly, friendly, and ever ready to 
lend a helping hand ; bo It therefore further 

Resolved, That we extend our heartfelt 
sympathy to the family, and a copy of these 
resolutions be Inscribed upon the minute*. 
and published in Pennsylvania GRASCf: 
News. Minnie Neppes, 

Paul Neppes, 
J. P. McLaughlin. 
Elizabeth B. McLaughlin. 

Committee. 

CHATLEY 

Whereas, It has pleased our heavenlj 
Father to remove from our midst, Brother 
William Chatley ; be It 

Resolved, That we, members of Big Beavef 
Grange, No. 1578, extend our sincere sym- 
pathy to the bereaved family, drape our 
charter for thirty days, record these resolu- 
tions In our minutes, and send a copy to the 
family, and publish them in the ObaNOI 
News. b. O. Howell, 

Ksther Kerb, 
A. H. Lbslie. 
Committee. 

BAY 

Whereas, It has pleased our heavenly 
Father to call from among us Sister MlW"^ 
Ray ; therefore, be It 

Resolved, That we, the members of Wash- 
ington Orange, No. 1990, extend to the f«"' 
ily our sincere sympathy : that our Chartet 
be draped for a period of thirty days: ^' 
these resolutions be recorded In our tn'n- 
utes, a copy sent to the family, and publlsneo 
In the Grange News. 

Robert Shrtvbb, 
Mrs. Irene Mobbis. 

Mart A. Loout. 

Committee. 



ihem ''Labor for the good of the 
der and of mankind and for the 
*^ifting of your community." 
'^Roll call of Granges showed Dia- 
hoga again a winner with 66 mem- 
vjjs present. 

Pomona Lecturer Anna Fisher then 
oresented their master, H. Walker, 
Jith the contest gavel, to be held by 
jjiem until the next meeting in No- 
reniber. Mrs. Ira Gross, state lec- 
turer, then gave a splendid address. 
ghe outlined clearly why we as citi- 
zens of the Commonwealth of Penn- 
gylvania and members of the Grange 
ghould stand opposed to calling a con- 
rention for revising or re- writing the 
present Constitution. Will it be giv- 
ing our children a fair chance to load 
debt upon them? If we gambled our- 
selves into debt with our fathers' 
money, will it make amends by bor- 
rowing ourselves out with our chil- 
dren's money ? The cost of setting up 
3uch a convention alone would run 
into thousands of dollars. Would any 
body of men be able to draft a docu- 
ment at this time that would stand 
through the ages? She said she was 
happy to say the Grange had always 
been non-partisan and closed by quot- 
ing from van Dyke using the Grange 
in place of an individual : 

"Four things a Grange must learn to do 
If it fulfill its purpose true, 
To think without confusion, clearly, 
To love their fellow men sincerely, 
To act from honest motives purely. 
To trust in God and heaven securely. ' ' 

A reading, "The Jewish Wedding," 
was given at this time by John How- 
ard of VVyalusing Grange. The num- 
ber was greatly enjoyed and heartily 
applauded. 

Past State Master E. B. Dorsett of 
Mansfield was present and was called 
upon my Master Madigan. He ex- 
pressed his views on the new Consti- 
tution. He said we should oppose the 
destruction of that which our fore- 
fathers gave us. He said "In the 
hurly-burly of to-day, very few of us 
take much time for the higher things 
in life. Let's build our Grange. 
Make it a power in the state and in 
the nation and success will be ours. 
At this time a large number of women 
under the leadership of Carrie Case, 
Pomona Home Economics chairman, 
went to the study hall where a very 
interesting program was carried out. 

By eight o'clock the Presbyterian 
Church was filled to overflowing by 
those who were interested in hearing 
the final reading contest between win- 
iiing readers from each group. At this 
time Mrs. Lizzie Rightmire was given 
a round of applause for 25 years of 
faithful secretarial work for Pomona 
*8 it was learned that this meeting 
marked the 25th anniversary of her 
election to this position. Orchestra 
flections by the Schubert Club of 
standing Stone under the efficient di- 
rection of Mrs. Josephine Ilarkins 
opened the evening program. The en- 
Jjre assembly then sang the Grange 
^ong, composed by Mrs. Gross, with 
fomona Lecturer Anna Fisher lead- 
yg and Lena Neuber at the piano, 
^hen followed the contest readings as 
"sted below: 

Reading, "An Old Sweetheart of 
^ine," Mrs. Marion K. Young, E. 
^tnithfield Grange, Western Group; 
Keading, "Society Sets the Hen," Mrs. 
Rattle Thomas, Warren Center 
Jjrange, Eastern Group; vocal solo, 
J^rs. Josephine Harkins; reading, 

An Old Couple from the Country 
^isits the Orphans," Mrs. Mary 
^rumbuU, Asylum Grange,, Southern 
^joup; reading, "The Old Way and 
the New," Mrs. Marion Fleming, 
J^Pen Grand, Central Group; orches- 
^^^ selection; reading. "How the La- 

^ue Stakes Were Lost," Miss Gladys 



Pipher, Central Grange, Northern 
Group. 

The judges, Ira C. Gross of Johns- 
town, Mrs. Josephine Harkins and 
Frederick Kerrick, left to deliberate. 
Mrs. Ira Gross delivered the address 
of the evening. 

The judges then revealed that Miss 
Gladys Pipher of Central Grange won 
the reading contest and the prize of 
$5. Mrs. Hattie Thomas, taking sec- 
ond, was given the $2 prize. 

Pomona Lecturer Mrs. Fisher then 
awarded brief cases to the following 
lecturers who put on the best pro- 
grams in each group: 

Mrs. Blanche Gustin, Union; Mrs. 
Dora Robyler, Gillett; Mrs. Geraldine 
Searfoss, Central; Mrs. Neva Robin- 
son, Standing Stone; George Junk, 
New Albany. 

The judges of each group were each 
presented with luncheon sets. 

Resolutions adopted by Pomona: 

Resolved, That the Juvenile 
Granges meet with Pomona at the 
August meeting of each year; the 
county juvenile deputy to have charge 
of their meeting and arrange a pro- 
gram. 

We, the members of Bradford 
County Pomona Grange No. 23, are 
opposed to the calling of a state con- 
stitution convention or making any 
changes whatever in either the state 
or federal Constitution. Also, 

Resolved, That an effort be made to 
interest the Grange members to at- 
tend the primary elections. 

Resolved, That a copy of this reso- 
lution be sent to our U. S. Senators 
and Congressmen; also our State 
Senator and Representative; also 
Grange News. 

Resolved, That we appreciate the 
hospitality extended by the Rome 
Grange and all who helped to make 
this Pomona meeting a success. 



AN ACTIVE GEANGE 

Brokenstraw Grange No. 407 has 
asked for fifty copies of "The Grange 
or Twelve Reasons for Joining the 
Grange." They won the State Ban- 
ner in 1934 for the largest increase in 
membership in Warren County and 
are trying for the banner again in 
1935. They initiated or reinstated 15 
since October 1, 1934 and initiated a 
class of 11 on August 13th and will 
make a drive for a class for Sep- 
tember. 

Brokenstraw Grange No. 407 visited 
Eldred Grange No. 467, Warren 
County, August 8th, and conferred 
the First and Second Degrees on a 
class of 29. Some of these were re- 
instatements. Eldred Grange had a 
membership of about 175 a few years 
ago and was the second largest Grange 
in the county at one time. The 1935 
register gives their membership as 99 
members. 



CONSTITUTIONAL TALKS AT 

MIDDLETOWN GRANGE 

Discussions of the various constitu- 
tions of Pennsylvania were heard at 
a meeting of Middletown Grange held 
at Friends' School, recently. 

Dr. H. C. Terry, in discussing the 
first and original constitution of 
Pennsylvania, explained that it went 
into effect 1776 and had but a single 
legislative body. 

The second constitution was de- 
scribed by Mrs. Georgeianna Thomp- 
son, who stated that it was adopted in 
1790. It provided for a Senate to the 
Assembly and also that the Governor 
be elected. 

Frank Thompson, who spoke briefly 
concerning the third constitution, ex- 
plained that it was accepted by the 
people in 1878 and at that time county 
officers were made elective. 

The fourth constitution, the one 
now in effect, and which is under dis- 
cussion, was discussed by Jesse Web- 
ster. The present instrument of State 
government among other things pro- 
vided that the office of State Treas- 
urer should be made elective. 

The constitution was patterned af- 
ter the United States Constitution, 
which served as the model. 

During the discussions it was re- 
vealed that in 1921 the Grange as a 
whole was opposed to changing the 
Constitution and that a constitutional 
convention which was scheduled was 
not held. 

Governor W. C. Sproul headed the 
fight in 1921 for a constitutional con- 
vention for revision with the Grange 
leading the opposition. The proposi- 
tion was defeated at the polls by an 
overwhelming vote. 

It was also disclosed that the local 
Granges, like the State Grange, are 
opposed to changing the Constitution 
at this time. 

Following the program, games were 
played and a social hour enjoyed. 

Announcement was made that the 
Grange will meet August 28th at the 
home of Mrs. Hannah Pickering at 
Woodbourne. 



PENNYLVANIA RANKS 

HIGH IN COW TESTING 

Pennsylvania has a higher percent- 
age of its larger herds enrolled in cow 
testing associations than any of the 
other leading dairy states, E. B. Fitts, 
in charge of dairy extension work for 
the Pennsylvania State College, re- 
ports. 

Figures compiled by the United 
States Department of Agriculture 
show that 8.3 per cent of the herds of 
11 cows or more are in cow testing 
associations. The 11-cow herd is con- 
sidered the minimum size for this 
work. There are 19,315 such herds 
in the state and 1,603 of them are in 
associations. 



C. H. RICH SPEAKS 

C. H. Rich, Woodward Grange, 
spoke on the proposed change in the 
State Constitution and urged all 
Grangers to study the problem and 
then vote against any change at this 
time. He said that the change was 
being advocated by a group which was 
going to be benefited by the change 
and not because this group felt it was 
necessary for the people of the state 
as a whole. Once you let the bars 
down and make a change, you will 
have the same thing every few years, 
or every time another group see a way 
in which it could be benefited by 
changing the Constitution. 



A mistake is evidence that some- 
body at least tried. 



FRIENDSHIP GRANGE 

LEHIGHTON WINNER 

The 61st annual Lehighton Fair 
officially opened Aug. 21st and the 
attendance was slightly marred by 
overcast skies, which prevailed during 
the greater part of the day. The task 
of allotting space for the thousands of 
exhibits was completed before the Fair 
opened and the judges started on their 
round, awarding prizes for the best 
displays. 

Keen competition prevailed in the 
display by individual farmers, their 
being four such displays. First prize 
in this group went to Edgar D. Beck, 
R. D. No. 1, Lehighton; Mrs. Preston 
Kuntz, of Treichlers, was awarded 
second prize; Mrs. Mary Bechler, 
R. D. No. 3, Lehighton, third, and 
Mrs. Lee S. Gaumer, of Lehighton 
R. D., fourth. 

The most outstanding farm display 
was put on by the Friendship Grange. 
Patrons of Husbandry of East Penn- 
sylvania, Carbon County, consisting 
of a wide variety of farm products. 
The Friendship Grange was awarded 
first prize. 



A sign at Kiaochiao Beach, China, 
advertises the merits of their swim- 
ming suits this way : "We rent swim- 
ming suits guaranteed free from 
louses, fleas and bugs." — The Path- 
finder. 



Mabel — "What's worrying you, Da- 
vid^' 

David — "I was just wonderin* if 
dad would see to the milkin' while 
we're on our honeymoon, supposin' 
you said 'yes' if I asked you." — Buen 
Humor. 



Classified Column 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 



LECTUREB'S ASSISTANT — 40 pages of 

ideas, special programs, features and mis- 
cellanepus suggestions. FIFTY PROGRAMS 
— complete programs outlined for the lec- 
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Guy B. Horton, Montpelier, Vermont. 



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information regarding treatment from which 
I received amazing relief. No obligation. 
Nothing to sell. H. H. Eaton, 620 N. 18th 
Street, Harrisburg, Pa. 

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prices. The Hamilton Co., New Castle, Pa. 



FOR SALE 



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Florida. 

INTRODUCTORY OFFER — Kodak roll de- 
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SMOKERS — Save real money, buy direct 
from factory. GOOD-MILD 5c Cigars $1.60 
per box of 50 prepaid. Satisfaction Guar- 
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LOW PRICE on big Pedigreed Chester 
Whites. Sows, Boars and Pigs. C. K. 
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Hardy Alfalfa Seed. $6.90; Grimm Al- 
falfa. $8.90 ; Sweet Clover. $3.50. All 60 
lb. bushel. Track Concordia. Return seed 
if not satisfied. Ge». Bowman", Concordia, 
Kansas. The Bowman Seed Co. 



POULTRY 



Every time we think we've got 
things budgeted so we can make both 
ends meet, somebody moves the ends. 



pLJfPK'C from Antigen BWD tested 
^'^*^*^'^ flocks. Barred Rocks, R. I. 
Reds, $7.00 ; N. H. Reds, $7.50. Order now. 
Free circular. W. A. Lauveb, 239 Keller- 
ville Rd., McAlllstervllIe, Pa. 

QUALITY CHICKS 

100 

AA Leghorns fT.ftO 

Utility Leghorns and Heavy Mixed . . . 6.tf 

Barred and White Rocks 7.00 

New Hampshire and Rhode Island Reds 7.00 
Plum Creek Poultry Farm, Sunbttbt, Pa. 



FOE SALE 

Registered Jersey Cattle, and Ches- 
ter White Swine. Our dairy herd la 
headed by the sire of the Grand CluuB- 
plon Cow of the 1936 Farm Show, 
twenty of his daughters. 

J. A. Boak A Sons, 
New Castle, Pa. 



Page 16 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



September, I935 




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LIBRARY 

U S DEPT OF AGRICULTURE 

WASHINGTON D C 



PECEWEO 




Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office at Harrlsburg Pa., under Act of Congrrees ot March 8, 1879 



VOL. XXXII 



HARRISBURG, PA., OCTOBER, 1935 



No. 7 



Call for Constitutional 

Convention is Rejected 

Fundamentals of Basic Law Remain 
Intact Changes Can Be Made 

Amendment 



By 



WHILE the official vote has not 
yet been tabulated as this is 
written, it is known that the 
proposal to hold a Constitutional Con- 
vention, which was submitted to the 
voters at the Primary Election, held 
September 17th, was overwhelmingly 
rejected and the vote by which it was 
defeated will exceed 200,000 votes. 

The reasons for this adverse ma- 
jority are not hard to find : there were 
various contributing factors, but the 
principal cause for the defeat of the 
proposal was the many objectionable 
features contained in the plan for 
holding the convention, as was pointed 
out by the Grange. 

The State Grange was the first or- 
ganization to enter a protest to hold- 
ing a convention under the plan pro- 
posed by the Legislature, and led the 
fight throughout. Other organizations 
that joined and opposed revision are 
The State Chamber of Commerce, 
The Pennsylvania Farm Bureau, The 
Patriotic Order Sons of America, 
The Junior Order of American Me- 
chanics, The Constitutional Defense 
Uague, and many other patriotic and 
fraternal bodies. 

Principal Objections 
Under the plan adopted by the Leg- 
i^<lature there would have been scarce- 
ly any chance for the agricultural 
element of our State to gain substan- 
tial representation in the convention ; 
and the carrying out of that plan 
would in the end have meant about 
^he same thing as governing the bulk 
of the people of Pennsylvania without 
their participation or consent and the 
Governor would have become well 
i^iph a dictator. 

The objections to Constitutional 
lievisioii were so well covered by 
Grange publicity that these objections 
Were used as a basis for opposition by 
other groups. The Grange folder, 
'f^o You Think Pennsylvania Needs 
*^ew Constitution?" was in constant 
jlpmand and the Grange objections 
I'sted therein were not once success- 
fully contradicted nor challenged. 

As the campaign progressed, it be- 
fame more evident each day, that 
there was no popular demand for re- 
^Yym. The proponents of the propo- 
sition could find no real bona fide 
^•"guments for the need of revision 



and in their eagerness to win, made 
the subject a political issue. This was 
the death knell and put the "finishing 
touch" upon the whole proposition. 
This, together with proposed central- 
ization of power, enlarged borrowing, 
increased power for the Governor and 
the Legislature, assured the large neg- 
ative vote in the referendum. 

Wisest and Safest Course 

In commenting upon the vote on 
Revision, J. A. Boak, Master of the 
State Grange, said, "The people of 



Pennsylvania have taken the wisest 
and safest course by defeating the 
referendum at this time. 

"Calmer times and cooler heads are 
needed to bring about changes in our 
basic law which will result in the 
most good to the greatest number of 
people. 

"The vote shows state-wide opposi- 
tion to an increase of the public debt 
and is a definite declaration against 
the efforts to abolish local government 
and centralize the same at Harris- 
burg. 

"Rural folk, under the leadership of 
the Grange, were overwhelmingly op- 
posed to the proposed plan for such 
reasons. The result does not neces- 
sarily imply unalterable opposition to 
the so-called 'security measures' but 
it does mean, in my opinion, that 
such laws shall be approved only when 
they can be calmly and intelligently 
considered and due consideration has 
been given to the farmers as well as 
other groups." 

(Concluded on page J^.) 




All Meetings of State Grange Will Be Held in the Cathedral 



Potato Legislation 
Very Obnoxious 

Probably the most important and 
far-reaching amendment to the Agri- 
cultural Adjustment Act made during 
the recent session of Congress was 
that providing for control of the po- 
tato crop. 

More than three million farmers, 
distributed among all the 48" states, 
grow potatoes and will be subject to 
the provisions of the act. Under this 
legislation, which will not be put into 
effect until next year, each potato 
grower will be given an allotment. 
Growers who exceed their allotment 
will be required to pay a Federal tax 
of 45 cents per bushel on their excess 
production. 

Some idea of the complexities that 
will be encountered in the enforce- 
ment of this legislation may be gained 
from the wording of the act with ref- 
erence to the formula which will be 
employed in giving each state its ap- 
portionment. 

"The apportionment to each state," 
says the act, "shall be determined on 
the basis of the ratio that the annual 
average acreage of the four years in 
which the highest potato acreage was 
harvested in such state in the years 
1927-34, inclusive, multiplied by the 
average yield per acre for the four 
years that the yield of potatoes per 
acre for such state was highest in the 
years 1927-1934, inclusive, multiplied 
by the average annual percentage of 
the crop produced in such state dur- 
ing the years 1929-1934, inclusive, 
which was sold, bears to the sum of 
the products of such average acreages, 
such average yields, and such per- 
centages of sales for all states." 

The quota assigned to each farmer 
goes to the farm and not to the man. 
Those who move from one farm to 
another must, therefore, accept such 
quota, if any, as goes to the farm. 
Not in excess of five per cent of each 
state's allotment may be parceled out 
among new growers by the Secretary 
of Agriculture. 

All the revenue that will be realized 
by taxing excess production at the 
rate of 45 cents per bushel is appro- 
priated for the enforcement of the 
act. In addition, the third deficiency 
appropriation bill, which failed of 
passage on the final day of the ses- 
sion, carried an item of $5,000,000 for 
the administration of the potato con- 
trol act. The penalties provided for 
violations of the act are heavy fines 
and imprisonment. 

Information reaching Washington 
is to the effect that growers in several 
of the most important potato produc- 
ing states are organizing to resist the 
enforcement of this legislation. — ^^a- 
tiorMl Orange Puhlicaiion. 



Page 2 



PENNSYLANIA GRANGE NEWS 



October, 1935 



NEW TYPE OF ROAD FOE 
PENNSYLVANIA 

It is reported that within a few 
days, the Department of Highways 
will build a new type of rural road. 
When this new kind of road proves 
feasible, after a winter test, the plans 
are to include further building of this 
type of road. Tests of soil are being 
made to determine whether or not the 
various soils of Pennsylvania are 
adapted to this new type of construc- 
tion. 

These tests determine the gradation 
of gravel in the road, the quantity of 
clay present and the exact nature of 
the surface material. Available ma- 
terial to be added will also be tested 
and thus can be determined the quan- 
tity of sand, clay or both to be added. 

This new type of road, has been de- 
veloped in New York, Ohio, Michi- 
gan and other states, as well as in 
Canada. Already, these roads are ap- 
parently accepted in the states men- 
tioned as the answer to the popular 
demand for a low cost type of road 
that can be used all the year by auto- 
mobiles and trucks where the traffic 
is not excessive. 

This new method of so-called "sta- 
bilization" roads has been developed 
by the United States Bureau of Pub- 
lic Roads. The cost of these stabil- 
ized roads is low, varying from $1,400 
to $2,000 per mile. In one county of 
New York the cost is as low as $1,200 , , 

for an 18 to 20 foot road. Mainte- 1 P^^^^' ^^^ ''''^^' 
nance cost in this county is as low as 
$50 per year. However, construction 
and maintenance depend upon the 
type and character of the soil in each 
community together with the drain- 
age and grading required. 

This principle of road building is 
not new. Sand and clay roads have 
been built in a number of the states 
for several years. It is well known 
that gravel containing small amounts 
of clay and grading down uniformly 
into the finer sands, compacts well 
and makes good roads. However, this 
has been a haphazard method and did 
not give uniformity, since the amount 
and proportion of each material was 
not definitely established. 

The ideal stabilized road is one in 
which the voids and spaces between 
the soil particles, in each size aggre- 
gate are filled by the next smaller size, 
and the clay binder is kept damp 
enough so that it is slightly plastic. 
This regulation of the voids is ac- 
complished by making soil tests of the 
material going into the road, deter- 
mining its gradation, character and 
quality. 

When the clay is kept damp and in 
a slightly plastic condition, it ex- 
pands, filling all the remaining voids 
in the surface mat, making the road 
impervious to rain or snow on the sur- 
face and sealing out the moisture 
drawn up from the subgrade by capil- 
lary action. The clay is kept in this 
condition during dry spells by the 
application of calcium chloride or oth- 
er hygroscopic salt which draws moist- 
ure from air and subgrade. By keep- 
ing the surface of the road in a 
slightly damp condition, not only is 
the dust nuisance removed but it 
tends to heal any wounds caused by 
tractor lugs or steel-tired wheels. 

A good stabilized mix is nnalagous 
to concrete except that clay is used 
as a binder instead of cement. The 
grading is practically the same, con- 
crete weighing around 4,100 pounds 
per cubic yard and a good compacted 
stabilized mix 3,<S90 pounds for the 
same quantity. 

While roads of this type are not 
intended to compare with the more 
expensive higher type surface, the im- 
portant feature of stabilization is that 
it offers a low-cost method of extend- 



ing the benefits of a dustless all- 
weather surface to roads on which 
traffic does not now, and may not for 
years to come, warrant a heavy in- 
vestment. When, however, a higher 
type of road is necessary, concrete or 
black top may be laid down without 
any additional grading, directly on the 
top of the stabilized road. 

Stabilized roads are dustless, an im- 
portant feature for the farm house- 
wife, and from the viewpoint of the 
motorist, these surfaces are desirable 
because they are free from traffic haz- 
ards of loose gravel and ruts. At the 
same time the stabilized surface pro- 
vides an ideal base for subsequent 
higher type surfacing and effects re- 
ductions in maintenance costs, two 
important points which appeal to the 
taxpayers. 

Experience has shown that roads of 
this type go through a "curing" stage, 
during which the surface may become 
slightly softened. Once thoroughly 
cured, however, the surface under 
proper maintenance presents a dur- 
able, tightly bound wearing course, 
which is maintained in the desired 
damp state by light applications of 
the moisture absorbing calcuim chlor- 
ide from time to time in very dry 
weather. 

An interesting feature of these 
roads is that the older they grow the 
better they become, in other words, 
traffic compacts, finishes, and im- 




STABILIZATION M.inu„.„ 



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Savings Provide the Funds for 

MORE ROAD CONSTRUCTION 

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Highway officials faced with this problem no longer regard 
it as hopeless. They have found a way out. They are 
building additional mileage out of the very sizable savings 
resulting from the cost up-keep of Stabilized local soils roads. 
These maintenance economies make it possible to liquidate 
new construction costs in from one to two years. 

Easy'riding, all -year usable roads are Stabilized Calcium 
Chloride roads. Initial construction costs are definitely low. 
Ordinary soils present in practically any locality, plus Solvay 
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weather-resisting and economically maintained Stabilized 
Roads. 

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NATIONAL HEAD VISITS 

REGION GRANGERS' FETE 

Hand of friendship was extended 
by one group of Grangers to another, 
at a unique traveling gavel meeting, 
at Rolling Green Park, yesterday, 
when the historic gavel was passed 
with fitting ceremonies from Juniata 
County Pomona to Pomonas of North- 
umberland, Union, Snyder and Mon- 
tour Counties. It will be delivered 
by a group of southern Northumber- 
land and Snyder Pomona to-night to 
Cumberland Pomona, in its mystic 
tour of the State, welding separate 
groups into a single organization 
united in principles and purposes. 

Taken from a loom in the first fac- 
tory used to manufacture woollen 
clothing in Western Pennsylvania 
more than a century ago, the gavel 
has a sentimental value. It repre- 
sents the early efforts to create a mar- 
ket for the farmer's wool, and indi- 
cates the founding of one of the most 
important industries in the nation. 

The meeting was called to order at 
10: 30 o'clock in the Park Theatre by 
George A. Hartman, Master of Upper 
NorthumLerland, Union and Mon- 
tour County Pomona. 

At this meeting Rev. Keemer, Mas- 
ter of Juniata County Pomona, pre- 
sented the traveling gavel to Mr. 
Hartman with a very able presentation 
speech, giving the history of the gavel. 
It was presented to the State Grange 
by the worthy State Master of the 
Pennsylvania State Grange. 

Music was furnished by Milford 
Grange band, consisting of 30 pieces. 

At 1 : 30 p. m. the meeting was, 
called to order by Samuel B. Stauffer, 
Master of Southern Northumberland 
and Snyder County Pomona. At this 
time the gavel was presented to Po- 
mona 70 by Pomona 31, after which 
the speakers were introduced l)y Mrs. 
A. C. Ilottenstein, JiCcturer of Po- 
mona 31. 

The first speaker was Mrs. Ira 
Gross, of Johnstown, the State Lec- 
turer. She said she felt at home in 
Snyder County, for that was her 
home, and she thought she saw every- 
body in Snyder County she ever knew 
present at the picnic. 



The second speaker was the Master 
of the State Grange, J. A. Boak, of 
New Castle, who gave a very interest- 
ing talk on the subject, "Does Penn- 
sylvania Need a New Constitution?" 

The third speaker was Chas. A. 
Gardner, of Springfield, Mass., High 
Priest of Femeter, the highest office 
in the Grange. 

He is one of the greatest orators in 
the United States. He spoke for an 
hour and a half on what the Grange 
has done and is doing for the people 
of the rural districts. 

About 150 were present from Ju- 
niata County Pomona, 99 from upper 
Northumberland, Montour and Po- 
mona and 106 from Southern North- 
umberland and Snyder Pomona, and 
140 friends of Grangers, a total of 
more than 500 at the open meeting. 



RED CROSS FARM AND 

HOME SAFETY CAMPAIGN 

On October 1st, the American Red 
Cross will launch a nation-wide pro- 
gram to eliminate unnecessary acci- 
dents in the farms and homes of the 
country. Every Red Cross chapter 
will play a part, thus insuring contact 
with all rural communities. Inspec- 
tion of individual homes to eliminate 
accident-causing hazards will be made. 
School children will be given a list 
of the most common home hazards,* 
asked to enlist the cooperation of 
parents or relatives in removing each. 

The active cooperation of social, 
civic, educational and other groups is 
being secured; many have already 
pledged their aid. County agents and 
others will be invited to aid in acci- 
dent-proofing the farm and work on 
the farm. The Red Cross inspection 
blank will be distributed by cooperat- 
ing organizations to homes where 
there are no school children. 

This new Red Cross program is be- 
ing launched because last year, in the 
United States alone, 34,500 persons 
were accidentally killed in the home; 
150,000 were permanently crippled; 
millions were temporarily disabled. 
More people were killed accidentally 
in agricultural pursuits than in any 



other occupation. According to ex- 
perts, almost all of these accidents 
could have been prevented. 

The Red Cross feels that there is a 
definite need for its services in the 
field of home-accident prevention. Be- 
cause of its nearly 13,000 chapters 
and branches, the organization has a 
unique opportunity to successfully 
promote a project of this nature. This 
is especially true in the field of farm 
safety, where, because of the inacces- 
sibility of many farms, little safety 
pioneering has been done by compari- 
son. 

Other agencies now active in the 
accident-prevention field point to the 
fact that, because of its many units, 
with their knowledge of local factors 
and opportunities, a Red Cross acci- 
dent-prevention campaign would be 
equally effective in all communities. 

Accident prevention is a natural 
outgrowth and by-product of Red 
Cross instruction in first aid, a serv- 
ice initiated some 25 years ago and 
responsible annually, for saving many 
lives and preventing minor accidents 
having major consequences. 



"Are you a doctor ?" asked a young 
lady, stepping into a drug store. 

"Naw," replied the youth behind 
the white counter. "I'm just the fi^' 



zician. 



"Those who have hobbies rarely go 
crazy," declares a psychiatrist. Yeah, 
but what about those who have to 
live with those who have hobbies? 



Woman Learning to Drive: "But I 
don't know what to do!" 
^ Her Husband : "Just imagine that 
I'm driving."— Chelsea Record. 



ti 



WEST VIRGINIA" 



AGRICULTURAL LIME 

Flour Fine - Kiln Treated - Quick Actiai 

For full information and ne» LOWpricea wrttt: 

WEST VIRGINIA LIME COMPANY. ROANOKE, VA. 
(Plant: CiMrlcfl Town, W. Va. on B « O R R) 



October, 1935 



PENNSYLANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 3 



Annual Meeting of State Grange 

To Be Held at New Castle 



THE Executive Committee of the 
Pennsylvania State Grange has 
announced that the sixty-third 
.nnual session of the State Grange 
'ill be held at New Castle, Pennsyl- 
vania, December 10th, 11th and 12th. 

The City of New Castle is the 
county seat of Lawrence County, lo- 
cated 50 miles north of Pittsburgh. 
The Pennsylvania, the Baltimore and 
Ohio, and the Erie Kailroads connect 
with 'the City of New Castle. Bus 
lines from all points land in New 
Castle and highway routes Nos. 422, 
108 and 18 pass through the city. 

Arrangements have been fully com- 
pleted and the Castleton Hotel will 
be headquarters for the meeting. All 
meetings will be held in the Masonic 
Temple and it is understood that ar- 
rangements for serving meals will 
also be provided in the dining hall 
of this building. 

The sixth degree will be conferred 
on Wednesday evening, December 11, 
at eight o'clock and the fifth degree 
will be conferred in full form at 
^even o'clock of the same evening by 
a degree team to be selected. 

Kenzie S. Bagshaw, Secretary of the 
Executive Committee, will be in 
charge of all room reservations at 
headquarters hotel. On November 
15th, special forms will be mailed to 
all Masters of Granges who are dele- 
gates to enable them to specify the 
reservations desired. Persons not 
Masters of Granges should address 
Brother Bagshaw, at Hollidaysburg, 
stating the kind of room desired. 

The following rooms will be avail- 
able for the use of delegates to the 
convention : — The Castleton Hotel, 
Headquarters, will have 160 available 
rooms with the following rates : Room 
with bath two people, $3.50; room 
with bath three people, $4.50; room 
with bath, twin beds, two people, 
$5.00; and room with bath, four peo- 
ple, $6.50. 

The Fountain Inn Hotel offers six- 
ty-five rooms at the following rates: 
Koom with bath, $2.50; room with 
running water, $2.00; room with 
bath, three or more persons, $1.25. 

The Leslie Hotel has 100 rooms 
available for the convention at the 
following rates : Rooms with bath per 
person, $2.00; two persons to room, 
^3.00; rooms with running water, per 
person, $1.50; two persons, $2.00. 

As usual the homes of a great many 
people will be thrown open for the ac- 
commodation of delegates and the pre- 



vailing rate for private homes is $1.00 
per person. 

Registration of delegates will be in 
charge of a local committee of Law- 
rence County Pomona Grange. Spe- 
cial railroad rates, as heretofore, are 
again being issued and all persons 
not delegates desiring identification 
certificates should address the Secre- 
tary of the State Grange, John H. 
Light, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. 

Full particulars and the program 
for the entire meeting will be pur- 
lished in the November issue of 
Grange News. 



SALE OF OLEO INCREASES 

IN PENNSYLVANIA 

One of the interesting addresses at 
the closing session of the Crawford 
County Pomona Grange meeting last 
week was given by H. D. Allebach, of 
Trappe, Pa., director of the Interstate 
Milk Producers' Association. Mr. 
Allebach stated that he regretted to 
inform the Grangers, but he knew 
that many of the farmers, after sell- 
ing their butter, bought Oleo for their 
own family use. According to the 
speaker there is now 5,000,000 more 
pounds of butter in Pennsylvania 
than a year ago, and that last year 
Pennsylvania produced 710,000,000 
more pounds of butter than was con- 
sumed in the state. 



Beaver County Grange Masters and 
their wives. Lecturers and their hus- 
bands. Juvenile Matrons and their 
friends enjoyed a dinner in Raccoon 
Township Grange Hall, September 
7th. Women of the Grange served 
the dinner. 



Rev. R. M. Haverfield, chaplain of 
the State Grange, was the speaker at 
the Greene County Pomona Grange 
and used as his subject, "The Chal- 
lenge of To-day." 



A pottery demonstration by Boy 
Scout Troop No. 13, of Canonsburg, 
was one of the most interesting events 
at the recent meeting of the Wash- 
ington County Pomona Grange. 



Sixteen Granges composing Po- 
mona Grange, No. 6, attended serv- 
ices in a body at Trinity Lutheran 
church, Bloomsburg, Pa., on Septem- 
ber 22d. 



HOW THE GRANGE CAN 

PROMOTE HIGHWAY SAFETY 

By Mary Brown, Mill Creek, Pa. 

In discussing the subject — **How 
the Grange Can Promote Highway 
Safety," a few facts should be brought 
to light concerning the cause of the 
deaths of the 30,000 people and the 
injuries of the million people in the 
United States in 1934. It has been 
proven that the dangerous drivers, 
those who make up five to ten per 
cent of the drivers, cause 90 per cent 
of the accidents. The poor drivers 
are made up of three types of drivers ; 
the defective, physically or mentally; 
the ignorant, who do not know the 
highway laws, have cars in bad con- 
dition, or drive too fast; and the self- 
important, who drives in the middle 
of the road or passes on the crest of 
hills, or speeds on at intersections, or 
is careless at railroad crossings. 

The Grange could render much 
service to the people if they would 
help drivers feel and understand their 
responsibility when driving. News- 
papers and magazines give the num- 
ber killed per year, but these figures 
do not make the careless drivers shud- 
der. Many drivers never realize what 
is threatening until a dear one has 
had his skull crushed against the hard 
road when thrown from the car, or 
his head cut off by a rail which was 
thrust through the windshield when 
the speeding car slipped off the sharp 
curve, or his lung punctured by a 
splinter, or his internal organs fatally 
injured. Here is an opportunity for 
the Grange to be of great service. 
Pictures of horrible accidents accom- 
panied by a discussion of the causes 
figuring in each accident would help 
drivers visualize the consequences of 
dangerous driving. The Grange's serv- 
ice could be great in influencing news- 
paper reporters to vividly tell of the 
accidents rather than just report — 
seven killed and automobile demol- 
ished. We have all read of so many 
of these meaninglessly worded, hor- 
rible accidents that seven killed seems 
very common. 

Pamphlets illustrating simple signs 
to be used at crossings, at intersec- 
tions, for stopping when another car 
is behind, and the like would be an 
aid to many people who have very 
poor judgment themselves. The 
Grange in having such pamphlets 
printed could very well include charts 
of the numbers of accidents on the 
straight roads, in city traffic, on 
curves in rainy, icy and fair weather, 
in good cars, and so forth. These 
pamphlets to be even more convenient 
could have such information in them 
as the way to travel through large 
cities. Many rural people are happy 



to know something about urban traf- 
fic before they venture into it. 

What a great help the Grange 
might prove itself to the coming gen- 
eration if it would take the respon- 
sibility of teaching the children how 
to be careful pedestrians. An active 
Grange member who could handle 
children well, might in this simple 
manner save many lives. 

Illustrated lectures are always im- 
pressive. Thence this affords the 
Grange another way of promoting 
highway safety. The state or na- 
tional Grange could sponsor a tour in 
which motion pictures as well as the 
lecturer would play a big part in pro- 
moting highway safety. 

The county fair makes a fine place 
for the Grange to show its sentiments 
on certain questions, therefore it 
could very easily set forth highway 
safety in its booth. Vegetables care- 
fully fixed up with wheels to repre- 
sent automobiles makes a clever way 
of showing the safe way of driving 
by placing them in such situations as 
real automobiles are in at times. 
People are not only amused by the 
different types of vegetables repre- 
senting different types of automobiles, 
such as the streamlined or the old 
model T, but they are also uncon- 
sciously learning to be better drivers. 

The Grange can continue to uphold 
such principles as Prohibition as they 
have in the past. In this manner 
much good is brought about and much 
evil subdued. 




STATE IS LEADER 

IN POTATO CROPS 

The importance of potatoes as a 
cash crop and as an economical food 
in Pennsylvania is emphasized in a 
statement issued to-day by the State 
Department of Agriculture officials. 

Pennsylvania is one of the leading 
states in both production and con- 
sumption of potatoes and last year 
produced the most valuable potato 
crop of any state. 

Potatoes have gradually replaced 
wheat as the leading cash crop in the 
Commonwealth. For a number of 
years following the Civil War, the 
cash income from wheat was more 
than twice the income from potatoes, 
but in the past three years the cash 
realized from the sale of potatoes has 
averaged twice the income secured 
from selling wheat. Potatoes have 
been the leading cash crop in Penn- 
sylvania practically every year since 
the World War while previously to 
the war they seldom, if ever, attained 
that rank. 

Despite its wide use in the human 
diet, few people fully realize that the 
potato is one of the cheapest, most 
healthful and most easily digested of 
all foods. Investigations have repeat- 
edly shown potatoes to be rich in 
alkaline food salts and an excellent 
blood-building food. Likewise, jwta- 
toes are less fattening than many 
other foods. For example, a potato 
produces only one-half to one-fourth 
as many calories as an equivalent 
weight of macaroni, rice, or pastry 
products. It can be seen from this 
officials said, that other foods have 
been guilty of producing much of the 
fat which in the past has been at- 
tributed to the potato. 

Crop reports indicate that farmers 
in many sections of Pennsylvania will 
be marketing excellent potatoes dur- 
ing the next few months. This makes 
especially timely the suggestion of 
State marketing authorities that po- 
tatoes are one of the best and most 
economical foods when considered 
within the price range of the last few 
years. 



Page 4 



PENNSYLANIA GRANGE NEWS 



October, I935 



CALL FOR CONSTITUTIONAL 
CONVENTION IS REJECTED 

(Concluded from page 1.) 
State-wide Interest 

The movement against revision, led 
by the Grange attracted attention 
from the start. Organizations as well 
as individuals interested in good gov- 
ernment became active. Grange dep- 
uties and officers carried the Grange 
reasons against opposition into every 
county; editorials in many papers 
were based upon Grange reasons, and 
the assaults made upon our State 
Constitution by those who would de- 
stroy it were opposed. The movement 
for revision was attacked and opposed 
generally and the proponents of re- 
vision could not produce one sound 
reason for a new Constitution. 

The Indiana Gazette under date of 
September 14th in editorial comment, 
considered ^'Revision of the Constitu- 
tion" and this is but one of many 
editors who discussed the issue on a 
fundamental basis. We quote as fol- 
lows: "On next Tuesday the voters 
of Pennsylvania will pass on the mat- 
ter of a convention for the purpose 
of revising the Constitution of the 
State. That contest will simply be 
another engagement of a very old 
war. That old war has been raging 
since the very earliest dawn of civili- 
zation. At that dawn absolute mon- 
archs ruled all the nations of the 
world, and the people had no voice 
whatever in their governments. 

"Slowly, very slowly the people be- 
gan to ask for a part in the matter 
of the governments their toil sup- 
ported. At the beginning of that con- 
test between those monarchs and the 
people, the people made their demands 
only in whispers, and were generally 
beheaded if those whispers reached 
the ears of the monarch. 

"From that day to this day, that 
war has been on with the people mak- 
ing constant gains, until a few years 
ago when the people had obtained for 
themselves a fair share of the powers 
of government when the fortunes of 
war seemed to turn against the peo- 
ple, and human liberty began to walk 
backward. 

"At this time every semblance of 
human liberty is eliminated from 
Russia, and an absolute dictator rules 
that country. 

"A little over ten years ago Italy 
went wrong, and human liberty got 
a set-back of probably ten centuries. 
"Then Germany fell in line with 
that backward movement, and human 
liberty is no longer there. 

"In this country the Congress and 
the administration have made many 
assaults on the Constitution and have 
enacted many laws that have been 
found to be in violation of the Con- 
stitution. 

"Those violations were made in 
many directions. The Congress en- 
deavored to delegate their legislative 
powers to the Chief Executive, and 
thus give him more power, which 
would result in the people having less 
power. 

"In this State there is a movement 
on to revise the Constitution that 
for more than 60 years has guarded 
and preserved the liberties of the peo- 
ple, and safeguarded human liberty 
throughout the Commonwealth. 

"We have seen no reason offered for 
this revision that we believe to be 
sound, and there are many sound 
reasons for opposing this revision. 

"No one can point to a spot or place 
in the Constitution of Pennsylvania 
which had anything at all to do with 
causing this depression, and no one 
can point to a spot or place in our 
State Constitution that stands in the 
way of lifting this depression. 



"There is one mighty reason for 
refusing to revise the Pennsylvania 
Constitution at this time or at any 
other time. 

"Our present Constitution provides 
that the authorities at Harrisburg 
cannot incur an indebtedness of over 
one million dollars without the cpn- 
sent of the people, expressed through 
a Constitutional Amendment. 9 

"That is one power vested in the 
voters of Pennsylvania that should 
never be taken from them. 

"As the people pay the debts of the 
State, there should be no considerable 
debt incurred by the authorities at 
Harrisburg without the full and com- 
plete consent of the people. 

"That is one of the powers the peo- 
ple of Pennsylvania have that should 
never be surrendered to the adminis- 
tration, no matter who should be the 
Governor, nor what party put him 
there." 



262 BRIDGES ARE ADDED TO ' 

STATE HIGHWAY SYSTEM 

Two hundred-and sixty-two borough- 
owned bridges have been added to the 
responsibility of the Department of 
Highways in the September 1st trans- 
fer authorized by the recent session 
of the Legislature, Secretary Warren 
VanDyke announced recently. The 
structures are located on old state 
highway routes and existing rural 
routes in corporate limits. 

An estimated 7,500 additional coun- 
ty- and township-owned bridges on 
state highway and rural routes out- 
side cities — as well as those on routes 
to be taken over by the State January 
1, 1936, whether in boroughs or else- 
where — will be added to departmental 
jurisdiction during the balance of the 
year. 

Of the 262 added September 1, all 
are bridges "over a stream" as stip- 
ulated by the act, eleven other appli- 
cations are being held in abeyance 
pending decisions as to their eligi- 
bility since they have peculiar fea- 
tures. Borough and township bridges 
must be turned over to the depart- 
ment, although county bridges may 
be retained with the permission of 
the Secretary of Highways. 

By Counties 

The list of bridges taken over Sep- 
tember 1st, by counties follows: Ad- 
ams, five; Allegheny, three; Arm- 
strong, six; Beaver, five; Bedford, 
none; Berks, six; Blair, two; Brad- 
ford, ten ; Bucks, seven ; Butler, four ; 
Cambria, seven; two in question; 
Cameron, none; Carbon, six; Centre, 
two; Chester, six; Clarion, two; 
Clearfield, eleven; Clinton, two; Co- 
lumbia, one; Crawford, eighteen; 
Cumberland, five; Dauphin, none; 
Delaware, eight, one in question ; Elk, 
two; Erie, eleven; Fayette, three; 
Forest, none; Franklin, two; Fulton, 
none; Greene, none; Huntingdon, 
one, three in question; Indiana, five; 
Jefferson, four; Juniata, none; Lack- 
awanna, seven ; Lancaster, seven ; 
Lawrence, none; T^ebanon, three; Le- 
high, two; Luzerne, twelve; Lycom- 
ing, none; McKean, one; Mifflin, 
three; Monroe, none; Montgomery, 
ten, one in question; Montour, none; 
Northampton, seven, one in question; 
Northumberland, two; Perry, one; 
Pike, none; Potter, five; Schuylkill, 
four, one in question; Snyder, none; 
Somerset, two; Sullivan, three; Sus- 
quehanna, three; Tioga, eight; Un- 
ion, three; Venango, one; Warren, 
three; Washington, five; Wayne, 
one; Westmoreland, fifteen; Wyo- 
ming, one; York, six, one in ques- 
tion. 



GOVERNMENTAL SPENDING 

AT A FRIGHTFUL RATE 

At the close of the recent session of 
Congress, James P. Buchanan, chair- 
man of the House Appropriations 
Committee, issued a detailed state- 
ment which shows that the appropri- 
ations voted by Congress for the pres- 
ent fiscal year total $9,948,370,000. 

During the year 1932, the last for 
which the Census Bureau has com- 
plete records, the expenditures of state 
and local units of government totaled 
$8,852^000,000. 

Assuming that expenditures for the 
present year will be of equal propor- 
tions, and adding the Federal appro- 
priations already named, it will be 
seen that the total outlay for this year 
will be $18,800,000,000. 

Placing the population at 126,000,- 
000, this represents governmental 
spending at the rate of $150 per 
capita, in round figures. It is inter- 
esting to note in this connection that 
the per capita income of the people 
of the United States last year was 
$376, or about 47,000,000,000 for the 
nation as a whole. On this basis, the 
cost of government for the present 
year will be approximately 40 per 
cent of the national income. 

The apparent indifference of many 
people toward the huge expenditures 
and rapidly mounting debt of the 
Federal Government may partially be 
accounted for on the theory that they 
look upon the whole matter as a share- 
the-wealth movement. In other words, 
many people appear to be laboring un- 
der the delusion that the rich must 
pay the bill. 

The folly that underlies this theory 
is well illustrated in the case of the 
new tax bill, signed by the President 
on August 30th. 

Although this act imposes the high- 
est income, inheritance and corpora- 
tion taxes ever levied by the govern- 
ment in times of peace, it is estimated 
that it will not produce more than 
$250,000,000 a year in additional rev- 
enue. This is just about one-eight- 
eenth of the Federal deficit for the 
present year, estimated to amount to 
about $4,500,000,000. 

If the wild orgy of public spending 
continues, it is inevitable that in an- 
other year or so, a Federal sales tax 
will be imposed that will grind the 
faces of the poor and impoverished 
all classes of citizens alike. — Nat. Gr. 
Pub. 



GASOLINE TAX RATE 

INCREASES WILL COST 

$32,000,000 ANNUALLY 

Increases made this year in the gas- 
oline tax rates of five states will add 
more than $32,000,000 annually to the 
highway users' tax bill, it is estimated 
by the American Automobile Associ- 
ation. The association points out that 
while registration fees were reduced 
in eight states, and in three years 20 
states have reduced tliese fees, the re- 
ductions have not offset the increases 
in gasoline taxes. 

On the basis of 1934 consuption of 
gasoline, the association estimates 
that higher gasoline tax rates will 
add $2,549,330 to the tax burden of 
highway users in Connecticut, $4L5,- 
560 in Delaware, $2,233,720 in Ne- 
braska, $11,363,440 in Pennsylvania, 
and $15,770,190 in New York. 

The association reports that income 
from the higher taxes in Nebraska, 
New York and Pennsylvania are defi- 
nitely earmarked for purposes other 
than highway financing, a practice it 
brands as "indefensible," and warns 
that while the higher rates are sup- 
posed to be temporary, the taxpayers 
have no assurance oi relief even at 
the end of the stated period. 



AVERAGE CROPS— DROUGHT 

AGAIN IN THE WEST 

The crop situation now divides it- 
self roughly between the West and 
the East as a result of the varying 
rainfall. The Western Plains States 
have become very dry and corn, small 
grains, and pastures in much of that 
region show serious effects. On the 
other hand, most of the country east 
of the Mississippi has had ample rain- 
fall and the late crops are promising, 
except for considerable potato blight 
resulting from the wet weather. 

Feed crop supplies — a very impor- 
tant matter to farmers this year be- 
cause the barns and granaries had 
been completely emptied — likewise are 
divided somewhat along those reginal 
lines. In the eastern Corn Belt the 
corn crop looks good; oats have 
threshed out moderately well ; the hay 
mows are filled once more. In parts 
of the West, however, the feed prob- 
lem again looms up to worry the 
stockman. 

A large part of the wheat crop has 
been threshed and the outturn quite 
generally has proved a disappointment 
to growers. Rust and bad weather evi- 
dently took a heavier toll than most 
observers had realized. Last month's 
estimates placed our total wheat crop 
at about 100,000,000 bushels above the 
1934 crop, but later estimates may cut 
this down. Our supply of hard red 
spring wheat apparently will be below 
normal domestic requirements and it 
is a question whether there will be 
enough hard red winter and durum 
to meet our normal use. Apparently, 
there will be some surplus of the soft 
wheats. 

Wheat is not of high quality this 
year. Spring wheat coming to mar- 
ket has shown very light weight, re- 
ceipts at Minneapolis averaging only 
around 52 pounds per bushel. Conse- 
quently, test weight has become a 
dominant price factor. Winter wheat 
coming into Kansas City shows a pro- 
tein content considerably lower than 
last year. 

The foreign market for wheat has 
been dull so far. Canadian prices 
have been slightly above last year but 
Liverpool and Buenos Aires have been 
lower, the latter despite a poor crop 
prospect in Argentina. 

Our other principal food crops — 
vegetables, fruit, truck — appear likely 
to yield an abundant supply. The 
prospect is for about an average crop 
of potatoes, rather large crops of 
sweet potatoes and beans, a liberal 
supply of most truck crops, and an 
unusually heavy output of cannery 
vegetables. 



October, 1935 



PENNSYLANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 



MORE THAN 150 ATTEND 

GRANGE NEIGHBOR NIGHT 

Neighbor night was observed Sat- 
urday evening, August 24, at Mark- 
leysburg Grange Hall with Markley^- 
burg, Ohiopyle, Mill Run and Curfev 
participating. 

Markleysburg Grange put on the 
floor work, and after the regular 
Grange session of the hostess Grange, 
the Mill Run group presented the fol- 
lowing program: "America," ^' 
sembly ; two selections by Mill Run 
Band directed by E. S. Colborn; duet. 
Winona and Vergna Friend; "Amer- 
ica for Me," Mill Run group ; a<^,; 
dress, "The Mason and Dixon Line, 
H. C. Kreppa, Mill Run Grange Mas- 
ter, and "Rig-a-Jig," group. 

While lunch was prepared a"^ 
served by Ohiopyle Grange, the banu 
played. 

Attendance was as follows: Mark' 
leysburg Grange, 71; Markleysburg 
Juvenile Grange. 18; Ohiopyle, I7 
Mill Run, 10; Curfew, 2, and visi- 
tors, 46. 



Grange Helps Bring 

Electricity to Farms 



THE progress made in rural elec- 
trification in Pennsylvania is 
one of the outstanding accom- 
nlishments of organized effort. Noth- 
ing proves more conclusively the im- 
portance of organization and group 
action among farmers than the story 
of the progress made in the field of 
rural electrification. 

During the past ten years the Penn- 
sylvania State Grange has been pur- 
suing an aggressive policy aiming to 
bring about the extension of electric 
service in the rural districts to a 
maximum extent under the most fav- 
orable terms that could be secured. 
The Grange has united its efforts with 
that of the other farm organizations 
in the State Council of Agricultural 
Associations which has had a commit- 
tee working constantly on rural elec- 
trification problems throughout this 
period of time. 

This committee has had the fullest 
cooperation of the Public Service 
Commission and its staff in all mat- 
ters pertaining to engineering, con- 
struction costs, and rates for corrent 
as applying to farmers. Upwards of 
$5,000* was spent by farm organiza- 
tions in addition to the aid extended 
by the Public Service Commission and 
the Attorney-General's Department in 
presenting the rural peoples' side of 
this question before the Public Serv- 
ice Commission during 1925 and 1926. 
The final outcome was General Order 
28 of the Public Service Commission 
which has come to be known as the 
"Pennsylvania Plan" for rural elec- 
trification. 

In carrying out the plan to extend 
and improve the use of electricity on 
the farms and in the homes of rural 
Pennsylvania, the Rural Group joined 
with a like representation from the 
electrical industry in forming a Joint 
Committee to deal with the questions 
arising. This Rural Group has con- 
stantly had the assistance of the engi- 
neering staff of the Public Service 
Commission, and has counseled with 
its member organizations in formu- 
lating the policies it would advocate 
and the procedure to be followed. 

The result of the cooperation on the 
part of the farm organizations, the 
electric companies, the Public Serv- 
ive Commission and educational 
agencies in Pennsylvania to advance 
the rural electrification program is as 
follows : 

During the eight years, 1927 to 
1^34, inclusive, an average of 1.116 
niiles of line have been built yearly 
^T 4 miles for each work day assum- 
I'lj? 300 work days per year. On both 
old and new rural lines, 104,000 rural 
customers have been added or 43 per 
^\'ork day. Of these over 25,000 are 
farms. Combining the extension that 
had been made previous to this date, 
'IS of .Tanuarv 1, 1935, there are 14,000 
miles of rural line on which $25,000,- 
'^0 had been expended to serve 179,- 
f»00 rural customers of which over 
^•ifiOQ are farms. 

The plan makes provision for the 
electric company bearing the expense 
^'f extending service and leaving the 
''Applicants' money free to wire and 
'^uip his property. However, in or- 
'ler to keep the cost at a minimum 
j*nd the resultant minimum charge as 
'^w as possible, the applicants are per- 
mitted to contribute labor for such 
'^^^ms as hole digging, tree trimming, 
l^^e hauling, and even erecting the 
poles. The final charge to the appli- 
^^nts ia based on the company's net 
^st in accordance with Order 28. 
^he applicants may even go further 



and employ a reliable contractor to 
construct the line by agreement in 
advance in accordance with provisions 
that have been worked out. A con- 
siderable number of line costs are 
checked by the Engineering Staff of 
the Public Service Commission, and 
when occasion demands, the route of 
the proposed line is gone over and 
every detail investigated by the engi- 
neers followed by a report to the ap- 
plicants as to the findings. 

The applicants are required to ac- 
cept a monthly minimum determined 
by figuring a certain percentage on 
the company's net cost. When a plan 
was first considered it was found that 
the past standard had called for an 
annual return of one-third of the com- 
pany's expenditure or 33% per year. 
This was reduced to 24% per year 
when Order 28 became effective. 
Since that time succeeding reductions 
have been made until in January, 
1935, the percentage was reduced to 
18% per year with the exception of 
one or two companies. This is a re- 
duction of 25% in the percentage 
basis since 1927. 

The specifications to which lines 
should be built and the line costs have 
been a matter of constant review by 
the Rural Group and the Joint Com- 
mittee. Initially most lines were built 
on spans of 150 ft. to 200 ft. Experi- 
ence has shown that one of the great- 
est savings that can be made is by 
lengthening spans, thereby reducing 
the number of poles, pole fixtures and 
labor. Specifications have been re- 
vised unil many companies are build- 
ing spans of 300 ft. to 500 ft. today. 
In addition to the actual wire, poles 
and fixtures required, the amount of 
tree trimming necessary has an im- 
portant bearing on the cost ; as has 
the length of line to be built, whether 
a fraction or several miles at one time, 
and the securing of the right-of-way. 
In some areas right-of-way difficulties 
cause serious delay and a substantial 
increase in cost. On these rural lines 
constructed to serve the local com- 
nuinity, it is the practice to ask that 
right-of-way be granted free since any 
charge simply adds to the cost of the 
line and therefore raises the minimum 
charge to the community. One com- 
pany carrying on an extensive build- 
ing program this year is constructing 
lines at from $1,200 to $1,600 per mile 
depending on the variable conditions 
and the number and location of cus- 
tomers. 

In the long run, the question as to 
the cost of current; in other words, 
the charge per K.W.H., will be more 
important to the rural users of elec- 
tricity than the amount of their 
monthly minimum charge. Under the 
policy which the Grange and the 
Rural Group hnve supported and ad- 
vocated and with which the Public 
Service Commission and the electric 
companies have been in general 
agreement, a uniform rate for a like 
class of service is applied throughout 
the entire area of a company. This 
condition is true throughout the state 
with a few exceptions. Under such a 
policy whenever a rate reduction takes 
place the rural customers benefit auto- 
matically. Rare reductions have been 
general throughout the state during 
the past eight years. Order 28 pro- 
vided that the rate should be filed to 
furnish complete service, light, heat 
and power, through one meter for the 
farmer. This was an advanced step 
and a decided advantage in rates as 
applied to farms. It has been found 
I to be advantageous both to the cus- 



/• 



^ .\ 



-"» 



''Hello, Bill, can you 
give me a hand at 
silo filling tomorrow?'' 

Silo filling season — and a farmer near 
Northwood, Iowa, is rounding up his 
neighbors by telephone. A few calls and 
he'll have all the help be needs. 
In any season, the farm telephone saves 
Sf time and useless trips. It brings the latest 
market reports so that you can sell your 
produce at the right time. It helps you 
order farm machinery, seed, and fertilizer. 
It gives valuable assistance in business 
contacts and keeps you in touch with 
relatives and friends. 

But the value of the telephone cannot 
be reckoned alone in day-by-day contacts, 
business or social. There comes a time 
when you are in need of a doctor or vet- 
erinarian — a time of illness or accident, 
fire or theft, and you must get 

It is then that the telephone d^^^fj 
renders a priceless service. ^^^ 

BELL TELEPHONE SYSTEM 



rr 



tomer and the electric company, and 
is generally in effect at present. Rate 
forms are such that the greater the 
use the lower the cost per K.W.H. 
After the use of a limited amount of 
current or the payment of a certain 
fixed or areas charge and varying with 
different companies and the amount 
used, the cost drops to 3c, 2c, 1^/^c, 
and for wntor heating Ic to IV^ per 
K.W.H. 

The Pennsylvania Plan is in active 
operation today. Upwards of 1,000 
miles of new line will be built this 
year. An individual or group upon 
request will be furnished an estimate 
and explanation by the electric com- 
pany with charter rights in their area, 
and can secure further information 
through the Pennsylvania Joint Com- 
mittee on Rural Electricfication, 
Room 410, Telegraph Building, Har- 
risburg. 



The difference between the leader- 
ship of the past and the leadership 
of the present is that the former got 
us in the fix we're in, and the latter 
doesn't seem to know how to get us 
out of it. 



GRANGi; IS HELPING 4-H CLUBS 

In nearly all sections of the United 
States Granges prove themselves 
strong allies of the 4-H Club Work 
and almost invariably assist the latter 
in their varied undertakings, while 
Grange halls in countless instances 
furnish housing quarters for the work 
of these clubs. Closely affiliated with 
Grange membership — even sometimes 
with the Juvenile Branch of the Or- 
der — 4-H Club boys and girls are 
given hearty encouragement in their 
agricultural and animal projects and 
groups of them are frequently brought 
into Grange xneetings to describe their 
activities and to receive the hearty 
encouragement of their elders. Often- 
times 4-H Club exhibits are made in 
the Grange hall and a very definite 
example of such cooperation in a 
worthy cause to help young folks is 
found in Kent County, Rhode Island, 
where every year the Pomona Grange 
offers liberal cash prizes to 4-H Club 
members who make the most marked 
success of their several projects dur- 
ing the season. 



Egotists cannot converse — they talk 
to themselves only. 



Although the United States has 60 
or more species of mosquitoes, only 
about half a dozen are common in 
homes. 



Page 6 



PENNSYLANIA GRANGE NEWS 



October, I935 




The Lecturers Corner 

Mm. Lu 0. Gtow, /9^« L^ctwtr 



"Now this is the law of the Jungle, 
As old and as true as the stars; 
And the wolf that shall keep it, shall 

prosper. 
And the wolf that shall break it, 

shall die 
As the creeper entwineth the tree 

trunk ; 
The law goeth forward and back, 
The strength of the pack is the wolf 
And the strength of the wolf is the 

pack." 

This beautiful poem by Kipling 
might have been written as a descrip- 
tion of Grange efforts in the preser- 
vation of our fundamental law as an 
expression of the ideals of the found- 
ers and organizers of our C!ommon- 
wealth. That our present Constitu- 
tion is not sacred and may need re- 
pairs is admitted but any changes 
wrought should be constructive and 
tend to make the path towards hap- 
piness easier and straighter for the 
generation to come. The fear of the 
Grange and rural people and Chris- 
tian people in general is that a Con- 
stitution written in these times would 
represent the same tendencies as has 
recent legislation. The further legal 
encroachment upon the sanctity of 
the Sabbath, the regimentation of ag- 
riculture, industry, commerce and la- 
bor and the tendency of mass groups 
to follow will-o'-the-wisps like E. P. 
I. C, the Townsend Plan and Share 
the Wealth is clearly indicative of 
confused thought of our times. That 
this would reflect itself in a new Con- 
stitution is undoubted. That such an 
effect might have produced in our 
State a replica of Louisana is more 
than a mere possibility. And let us 
not forget that throughout the nation 
the same sinister forces had focused 
their eyes on Pennsylvania. An as- 
sault at the National Constitution and 
the Supreme Court was sure to follow 
if Pennsylvania pointed the way. 
Though our democracy lacks much 
that would make it ideal, this is no 
land in which to institute a Stalin- 
like government. 

The founders of America left Eu- 
rope — Northern Europe — to escape 
from oppressive governments of Eu- 
rope. Nations were bankrupt because 
of the "one hundred years" war of 
the Fourteenth Century. Because of 
these governmental debts taxes were 
oppressive and agricultural people 
were reduced to peasantry. But these 
Northern Europeans were sturdy peo- 
ple, inured to hardships and priva- 
tions. Their sufferings in this new 
country were lightly borne because of 
their belief that they were establish- 
ing a country in which their posterity 
would be forever free from a central- 
ized, debt ridden dictatorship. Later 
immigrations were not possessed of 
the high ideals of the Northern Euro- 
peans, but came to secure the easy 
money and luxuries of a promised 
land. To-day these masses are largely 
unemployed but still feel that Ameri- 
ca owes them a living. These are the 
masses who voted for a new Consti- 
tution in order to attain social se- 
curity. These people have not been 
educated to the proper use of the bal- 
lot and are easy prey for the dema- 
gogues and renegate politicians. 

The position of the Grange was to 
tell the truth and this should be the 
position of the Grange on every prob- 
lem. The results of the Primaries 
attested the value of telling the truth 
and is a fine tribute to the intelli- 



gence of Grange people and their 
ability to distinguish between truth 
and libelous falsehood. Because of 
this achievement the Grange is re- 
ceiving most flattering congratula- 
tions from Civic and Christian groups 
every where. We may have made 
some enemies too ; but in this, we are 
just as fortunate in the selection of 
our enemies as in the selection of our 
friends. 

The work of the lecturers through- 
out the State has been highly com- 
mendatory and certainly the door of 
opportunity as well as responsibility 
has been thrown wide open for the 
lecturer. What an opportunity to 
move public opinion for the good and 
the preservation of the good. With 
over 800 lecturers furnishing their 
members with programs of vital im- 
portance, always bearing in mind not 
to settle the issue but to ascertain the 
truth, there will be given to Grange 
members a unity of action and soli- 
darity that will be irresistable. Some- 
times we may think that, with our 
small attendance at our meetings, we 
don't amount to much but the real 
strength of the Grange rests with the 
individual and then too, the individ- 
ual assumes greater strength when he 
knows that he possesses the strength 
of the Grange. 

We will be tested again in the fu- 
ture and an analysis of the vote on 
Revision has raised grave questions 
which, while not new, are very per- 
tinent. I will present them to you 
in the form of questions for discus- 
sion and thought. 

Is it right that we extend to aliens 
the right to vote with only five years 
residence in this country? In other 
words should the right of franchise 
be withheld for a longer period in 
order that the alien might be taught 
the principles of a democracy? 

Should a government exist to sup- 
port the people or should the people 
support the government? 

Should aliens, who fail to become 
naturalized after legal residence here, 
be deported? 

Many people are thinking on these 
problems to-day and some people are 
expressing themselves. It is time that 
the Grange thinks sanely so that at 
the proper time it may become ar- 
ticulate with complete unanimity. 

^'HALLOWEEN" 

October is the month which signals 
the cessation of the arduous labors 
of the summer time. The Halloween 
festival is the time of the year when 
we older folks can give of our time 
to show an interest in the games of 
the children. May I ask that every 
lecturer put on a Halloween program 
of fun and games, with pumpkin pies 
and cookies where all may have a good 
time together. Let's relax from our 
labors to play and the work of the 
next day will seem more like play. 

Please note that after October 1st 
the State Lecturer's address will be 
307 Thoburn St., Johnstown, Penn- 
sylvania. 



ONE-ACT PLAY TOURNAMENT 

We note, with a great deal of pleas- 
ure, the large number of counties that 
have signified an intention to enter 
the State One-act Play Tournament, 
and we trust that many Granges will 
be included in the representation from 
each county. 



I know of no better method of pro- 
viding entertainment for one's own 
community than through dramatics, 
nor any finer way to develop the 
latent talent of our members. There 
is a tremendous sense of satisfaction 
in providing good, clean, wholesome 
entertainment that has not been pur- 
chased through the regular commer- 
cial channels. It is a real occasion 
for community pride when an organi- 
zation carries through to the county, 
to the district, to the state finals in 
this One-act Play Tournament. It 
gives the young folks something to 
do; and if ever the Grange needs to 
take the leadership in providing just 
this one thing, the time is now. 

Many Granges have not yet selected 
the play which they will prepare for 
the tournament. Let me urge you to 
do this carefully, asking yourselves 
the question, "Is the play which we 
have chosen of enough value to repay 
us for the time spent in its prepara- 
tion?" And again, also ask this ques- 
tion, "Will I derive pleasure and a 
growing enthusiasm from 'living' with 
the play over a period oi weeks?" It 
is not so much what you do with a 
play, as what that play does to the 
folks intimately connected with its 
production. Choose carefully. 



MCKEAN COUNTY 

Whereas, The Congress of the 
United States has recently passed a 
law for the purpose of controlling 
the production and consumption of 
potatoes, certain features of which 
are obnoxious to both producers and 
consumers of this important article 
of food. Therefore, be it 

Resolved, That the McKean County 
Pomona Grange go on record as op- 
posing this and similar legislation. 
Signed by Legislation Committee: 
Mr. C. W. Lilubridge, 
Mr. W. E. Berridge, 
Mrs. I. S. Crouse, 
Mr. J. H. Bailey, 



NATIONAL LECTURER, 

JAMES FARMER, VISITS 

PENNSYLVANIA 

At the quarterly meeting Thurs- 
day, September 5, at the new Grange 
hall at Flatwoods of Fayette County 
Pomona Grange, James I. Farmer 
Lecturer of the National Grange, ap- 
peared on the program twice. His 
afternoon address was based on 
"Weaving." He made a comparison 
of the technique and thoroughness 
with which cloth is woven in the large 
textile mills and to the weaving of 
what he called the cloth of life. 

Mr. Farmer spoke of 16 different 
things that must be kept in mind in 
weaving the cloth of life. They are: 
First — Take stock of the resources; 
second, the agricultural practices of 
our community; third, the marketing 
conditions and structure for prac- 
tices; fourth, credit facilities; sixth, 
the quality of the people of the com- 
munity; seventh, the leadership in 
our community; eighth, home sur- 
roundings; ninth, educational facili- 
ties ; tenth, church activities ; eleventh, 
community organizations ; twelfth, 
health conditions; thirteenth, rec- 
reations ; fourteenth. Government 
activities; fifteenth, community or- 
ganized activities; sixteenth, trans- 
portation and communication.' The 
program was concluded with a read- 
ing by Mrs. Denny, of Brownsville. 

During the evening session he dis- 
cussed "The Call of the Grange," and 
announced that the National Grange 
is 68 years old and is still growing. 

Mr. Farmer spoke at length on 
what the "Call of the Grange" con- 
sists of. 

Mr. Farmer has been touring 
through the United States for several 
years in the interest of the Grange, 
and the illustrations in his talk were 
taken from practically every part of 
the Nation. 




Pennsylvania State Grange 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY 

PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 

Grange Seals $5.00 

Digest 60 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, per set of 9 3.00 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, single copy 40 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 4.00 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy 35 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 3 .25 

Constitution and By Laws , 10 

Degree Work, First 4 degrees by Dr. Rankin .50 

I^fth Degree Floor Work, by Dr. Rankin 50 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony ] ] 15 

Song Books, "The Patron," board covers, cloth, single copy or less than 

half dozen 60 

per dozen 6.00 

per half dozen ..!....!..... 3 .00 

Dues Account Book ....'.'.'.'.'.... .75 

Secretary 's Record Book !!.!..!.!!!! -60 

Labor Savings Minute Book !.!.!!!'.!... 2. 75 

Treasurer 's Account Book ] -60 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange to Pomona, per hundred .75 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 25 .70 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 100 2.75 

Roll Book :...'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.['.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. .75 

Application Blanks, per hundred !!..!.!. .*5 

Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred ......*.*.'.'.. .50 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty -25 

Notice of Arrearage, per hundred ........'.'.'.'.'.'. -^O 

Notice of Suspension, per hundred ...........'.....'.'. '^ 

Secretary 's Receipts, per hundred .* .40 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.. .30 

Treasurer 's Receipts .30 

Trade Cards, per hundred .50 

Demit Cards^ each^ '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. .01 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer Whitehead) .15 

Grange Cook Books, each , , .75 

Grange Radiator Emblems "......................... «50 

In ordering any of the above supplies, the cash must always accompany the 
order. The Secretary is not authorized to open accounts. 

Remittances should be made by Postal Money Orders, Checks, or Registered 
Letter. Orders for supplies must bear the Seal of the Grange for which ordered. 

By order of Executive Committee, 

John H. Light, Secretary. 



fhe Grange Defends and Pro- 
tects the Farmer^s Interests 



1-1 OLLO WING the session of the 
U ^935 Legislature, there was issued 






a book on the legislative^activities 



f the Pennsylvania State Grange in 
le General Assembly. The same was 
mailed to all Masters of Subordinate 
Granges, officers of the Pomona 
Granges, deputies and state officers. 
This book was prepared carefully and 
sets forth our activities as stated. 
Most of the material is suitable for 
reading in the Subordinate and Po- 
mona Granges. When questions arise 
concerning legislation reference should 
be made to it and it will be seen that 
the activities of the Pennsylvania 
State Grange have saved thousands 
of dollars for the farmers both di- 
rectly and indirectly. 

From a national standpoint, the 
Grange is constantly fighting the bat- 
tles for the farmer as well. The Na- 
tional Masters Bulletin No. 3, to dep- 
uties is worthy of note and we quote 
herewith the same in part: 

"The Grange Protects Your Pocket- 
hook and fights to lift prices and 
lighten farm load. We call attention 
to three specific lines of service that 
have saved millions to farm and home 
owners. 

"Freight Rates. For the second 
time in three years, the Grange has 
led the fight to prevent freight rate 
increases and each time was victo- 
rious. The reason why agriculture is 
not paying ten per cent more on its 
enormous freight bill this year is the 
one word * Organization.' Others pay ; 
the farmer doesn't. The Orange is 
the answer. 

"Tax loads. We have helped pre- 
vent a national sales tax, to secure 
the broadening of the tax base, to in- 
crease income, inheritance and gift 
taxes. More important, the Grange 
is almost the only organization eter- 
nally fighting for economy in county, 
state and Federal Government. Your 
tax load eats up your profit. Help 
Grange lighten it. 

"Interest Rates. Here the Grange 
has won its greatest victory. We have 
helped secure better credit facilities, 
reduce interest rates and save not only 
farms and homes, but put interest 
money in the farmer's pocket. The 
Grange led the fight that gave us the 
Farm Loan System in 1916. We led 
the fight in 1933 that reduced interest 
rates from six to four and one-half 
per cent. We led the fight in 1935 
that brought interest rates down to 
three and one-half per cent from July 
1. 1935 to July 1, 1936. This means 



Number 

State of LoarxH 

Arkansas 18,794 

California 35.636 

Colorado 15,942 

Connecticut 3.072 

Delaware "534 

Idaho 14,229 

Illinois ;53.777 

Indiana 40,865 

Iowa 46,928 

Kansas 42,794 

Maine 5.478 

Maryland 3,948 

Massachusetts 4,137 

MlchlRan .39,213 

Minnesota 48,967 

MUsourl 24.314 

Nebraska 36,852 

New Hampshire 1,076 

New Jersey 4.296 

New York 18,153 

North Carolina 25,241 

Ohio 31,399 

Oklahoma 24,794 

Oregon 13.011 

Pennsylvania 14.353 

Rhode Island 529 

«>"th Carolina 17,019 

South Dakota 27,024 

Tennessee 24.663 

Texas 97,757 

yermont 2,919 

Virginia 17.564 

Washington 18.834 

^est VirRlnla 7.762 

'Wisconsin 45,483 



a saving of about two per cent in- 
terest on Federal Farm Loans for the 
next year. On commissioner's loans 
the saving is less than one per cent, 
or a total net saving of about one and 
one-half per cent. The table below 
shows number of loans, total amount 
of loans and yearly saving for each 
Grange State. It also shows the aver- 
age yearly saving per loan. The fig- 
ures are based on June 30th reports 
from the 12 Federal Land Banks. 

"This Only Tells Part of the story. 
We have over 630,000 Federal Farm 
loans totaling $2,106,824,720. In ad- 
dition there are over 400,000 Commis- 
sioner's Loans totaling $733,489,000. 
In other words, the Federal Farm 
Loan System that the Grange helped 
build, correct and amend, that lead- 
ing Grange oflScers now lead, serves 
over 1,100,000 with total loans of al- 
most three billion dollars and is the 
largest institution of its kind in the 
world. You should feel proud of this 
achievement and tell your neighbors 
and friends. The total savings to 
farmers has been hundreds of millions 
of dollars and we have just begun the 
great fight for farm-owned credit fa- 
cilities, lower interest rates and a bet- 
ter credit structure. Get in and boost. 
"The Grange Future Bright, If All 
Will Work and the most important 
group is the deputies — State and Na- 
tional. As Master of the National 
Grange, I am counting on you mak- 
ing your greatest effort of your lives, 
for our beloved Order. It has added 
to your welfare and happiness. It has 
improved your community. It has 
never lost hope in the darkest hour 
nor lost its head in periods of pros- 
perity. The Grange has put money in 
your pocket, but best of all, it has 
put happiness in the hearts, hope in 
the soul, good fellowship and good 
cheer into the minds and lives of its 
membership. Your task is plain. Fight 
to increase your membership and ex- 
tend usefulness of the Grange in your 
territory. By so doing you will help 
the order, agriculture and America." 



A Nebraska farmer entered an 
AAA office and said to the young 
woman at the desk: "I want to ask 
about shorts for my hogs?" 

"Oh, yeah?" retorted the fair one, 
"and I suppose you'll be asking about 
panties for your cows next!" 



On our way back to normalcy, isn't 
there something we can do to get the 
girls' nails out of the red? 



FAKMERS MAY PLANT 

MORE WHEAT IN 1936 

Provision for an increase of 5,200,- 
000 acres in wheat plantings of con- 
tract signers for the 1936 crop over 
the planting requirements tentatively 
set two weeks ago was announced by 
the Agricultural Adjustment Admin- 
istration. Under this provision, the 
requirements on plantings have been 
modified so that contract signers may 
plant for 1936, a maximum of 95 per 
cent of their base acreage as com- 
pared with the tentative maximum 
of 85 per cent indicated in the an- 
nouncement of the new wheat pro- 
gram of July 31st. This step is taken 
primarily to assure domestic consum- 
ers of continued ample wheat sup- 
plies, and in addition is expected to 
benefit farmers by placing this coun- 
try in a strengthened position in the 
world exi)ort market. This is con- 
sidered especially important in view 
of smaller world supplies of wheat. 
The potential acreage increase of 5,- 
200,000 acres is 10 per cent of 52,- 
000,000 acres which may be placed 
under contract and represents the ef- 
fect of changing the maximum acre- 
age that may be planted from 85 per 
cent to 95 per cent. The production 
on this increased acreage is expected 
to serve as an offset to the decrease of 
123,000,000 bushels in the Federal 
wheat crop estimate from July 1 to 
August 1, as shown by the crop report 
made public August 9. In the light 
of this sharp decrease in the crop 
estimate, the Agricultural Adjust- 
ment Administration considered that 
a larger volume of production in 1936 
would be desirable insurance to both 
the farmer and the consumer against 
the contingency of another year of 
bad wheat weather. Seedings for the 
1935 crop were about 65,000,000 acres, 
plantings above contracts having been 
permitted this spring. A 1936 acreage 
of about this extent and average 
yields would result in a crop of 
slightly more than 800,000,000 bushels. 
Even at very poor yields production 
on this acreage would provide an 
ample margin above domestic needs 
which are 635,000,000 bushels. At 
average or high yields, there would 
be a substantial quantity for export. 
Regarding the world wheat situation, 
reports prepared by the Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics indicate that 
the world surplus was considerably 
reduced during the 1934-35 crop year. 
Present prospects indicate that the 
world surplus may be further reduced 
during the 1935-36 crop year. With 
a further reduction in the world sur- 
plus, chances for export of wheat from 
the United States during the 1936-37 
season are somewhat brighter. 







Average 


Amount 


yearly 


Savings 


of Loans 


Savings 


Per Loan 


$26,524,937 


$397,974.06 


$21 


138,684.445 


2,080,266.68 


58 


38,182,064 


572,730.96 


36 


7,560,940 


113,414.10 


37 


1,310,620 


19.659.30 


37 


40,091.116 


601,366.74 


42 


157,355,178 


2,360.327.67 


70 


100,544,42.') 


1,508,166.38 


37 


238,008,034 


3,570.120.51 


76 


128,823,183 


1,932.347.75 


45 


11,414,912 


171.223.68 


31 


11.860.608 


177.909.12 


45 


9.700.093 


145.501.40 


35 


74.950,404 


1,124.256.06 


29 


154,269,545 


2.314.043.18 


49 


56,299,352 


844.490.28 


35 


144,945,211 


2,174,178,17 


59 


1.969,933 


29.549.00 


27 


11,908.685 


178.630.28 


42 


44.783.278 


671,749.17 


37 


39.809,780 


597,146.85 


24 


80.511.318 


1.207.669.77 


38 


51.063,792 


765.956,88 


30 


37,352.788 


560.291.82 


43 


29,861,953 


447.929.30 


31 


1.356.032 


20.340.48 


38 


29.998.869 


449.983.04 


26 


80,453,851 


1,206.807.77 


44 


46.587.205 


698.808.08 


28 


268.544,328 


4,028,164.92 


41 


6.052.749 


90,791.24 


31 


40,131.379 


601.970.69 


34 


44.690,283 


670.354.25 


36 


12.681.144 


190.217.16 


25 


125,670,255 


1,885,053.83 


41 




CONCRETE 

can cut 

housework and 

barn work in half! 

liiTUD makes farm chores hard. 
JVl. Slows you down . . . tracks up 
porch and house . . . messes up barn- 
yard and dooryard • • • makes every- 
body unhappy. 

End it with Concrete — dean, low in 
price, easy to use and it lasta. Fix 
things up with Concrete and they stay 
fixed. Pave your yard with concrete 
and generations will enjoy the benefits. 
Check on this list the places where your 
farm needs concrete and send it to us. 
We will mail you without obligation a 
mighty valuable, 72-page book; "Plans 
for Concrete Farm Buildings.'" 



»> 



D Floors D Permanent Repairs 

D Foundation* D Milk Houm 

D B«»cment Walls D Milk CooUng Tanks 

D Paved Yards D Feeding Floora 

D Tanks D Poultry House 

D Trough* D Septic Tanks 

D Sidewalks D Making Concrete 

PORTLAND CEMENT ASSOCIATION 

Dept.9811.1528 Walnut St.. Phasdelphis. Pa. 



MONTGOMERY COUNTY 

Wherflvs, Montpromery County Po- 
mona Granpre is much interested, and 
have discussed thorouj^hly the new 
Federal Potato Control Law; and. 

WiifJiKAS. We believe that the en- 
forcement of this law will cause a 
groat hardship to the potato producers 
and farmers in g-eneral, also believing 
that this law, if enforced, will ulti- 
mately bring about a much higher 
price to the consumer without a cor- 
responding benefit to the producer, 
therefore, be it 

Resolved, That the Pomona Grange 
will support any group or organiza- 
tion, in an effort to bring this law 
before the United States Supreme 
Court for a Constitutional decision. 
Be it further resolved that a copy of 
these resolutions be spread on the 
minutes and a copy sent to Bro. John 
H. Light, Secretary of the State 
Grange. 



AUCTION METHOD TO SELL 

POULTRY EGOS IS SUCCESS 

Eggs and poultry valued at more 
than a million dollars were sold by 
this method in Pennsylvania during 
the first six months this year. These 
auctions, all of which have been or- 
ganized within the last five years, are 
located at Doylestown, Bucks County ; 
Center Point, Montgomery County; 
New Holland, Lancaster County ; But- 
ler, Butler County ; Coatesville, Ches- 
ter County; Ilarleysville, Montgomery 
County; and Bethlehem, Northamp- 
ton County. 

The rapid growth of this type of 
marketing is shown by the fact that 
the total sales for the first half of 
this year exceeded the total for all 
of 1935, and almost equalled that of 
1934. 

When located near enough to large 
urban centers to attract buyers who 
desire high-grade products, poultry- 
men haye found the egg auction a 
most desirable way of selling. The 
eggs are assembled from a large num- 
ber of producers and classified accord- 
ing to Federal grades. The graded 
product is then sold to the highest 
bidder and each producer is paid ac- 
cording to the quality of the product 
delivered. 

The auctions are described as the 
greatest single means of educating 
poultrymen to produce a high-quality 
product. It is believed that the oper- 
ation of these markets in Pennsyl- 
vania has standardized egg production 
in sections where the auctions are lo- 
cated and has stabilized egg prices at 
a level more favorable to the local 
producers than at any time since the 
development of the commercial poul- 
try industry in the far west. 



Easy street never leads anywhere. 



Page 8 



PENNSYLANIA GRANGE NEWS 



October, 1935 



Pennsylvania Qrange News 



5 cents a copy. 



Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 

Rooms 426' 28, Telegraph Building 

216 Locust St, Harrisburg. Pa. 



50 cents a year. 



YoL. XXXII 



October, 1935 



Board of Managers 
J. A. BOAK, President, New Castle, Pa. 
FUEMAN GYGEB KENZIE S. BAGSHAW CHARLES W. CREASY 

Kimberton, Pa. Hollidaysburg, Pa. Catawissa, Pa. 

Editor-in-Chief, J. A. BOAK 

Managing Editor, JOHN H. LIGHT 

426-28 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Associate Editor, IRA C. GROSS 

ADVERTISING Is accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate line, or $3.50 per Inch, 
•aoh Insertion. New York represenUtlve, Norman Co., 34 West 33d Street. 

Revision Defeated 

ELSEWHERE in this issue of Grange News, appears an account of the 
vote on Constitutional Revision. There was no general demand by 
the public for a new Constitution, and it was to be expected that the 
referendum would not be approved by the voters of Pennsylvania. 

The issue has been decided by such an overwhelming majority that there 
should be no doubt in the minds of those who promoted the issue, as to 
the meaning of the vote. A very noticeable fact is that the two great cities 
of the State favored revision and the rural sections were practically unani- 
mously opposed to the proposition. 

Centralization of power, public debts and bureaucratic forms of govern- 
ment have no appeal to the farmers of Pennsylvania. Neither do they sanc- 
tion the removel of local control to the powers at Harrisburg. It is not 
more centralization of power but decentralization that we need right now. 
Bring back to the people of municipalities and political subdivisions a fair 
measure of the authority now vested in departments at Harrisburg and 
governmental expenses will be reduced. The vote at the recent Primary 
must be accepted as a mandate from the rural people to reduce governmental 
expenses and as a victory for the Constitutional Government as now exists. 

The rural people can always be depended upon to vote intelligently and 
fairly upon issues of public importance, and their answer on the subject 
of Revision must be accepted as the result of careful thought and deliber- 
ation. J. A. BOAK. 



monetary values, has saved the farmers of Pennsylvania hundreds of thou- 
sands of dollars; in general there have been many advanced steps. 

The reports of the booster meetings held September 30th, are not yet on 
record. They will show many additions in membership. 

The Travelling Gavel meetings are on the last lap of their course and 
the interest and good fellowship created by these meetings is of immeasur- 
able value. 

As the year closes let us renew activities for the year ahead. There 
are great problems to solve during the coming year. Agriculture must be 
recognized for its true worth and no effort dare be spared to get the recog- 
nition for the farmer that lie deserves. His problems of taxation, distress 
etc., are our problems and the extension of Grange interests will mean 
the lightening of the farmer's load. J. A. Boak. 



No. 7 



Will America Keep Out? 

THE war clouds hang heavily over the old world and fleets maneuver 
with cleared decks. There is mobilization of troops as Grange News 
goes to press and munitions factories work overtime. All movements 
tend to another world war. We ask. Will America Keep Out? Let it 
be understood that we have neither part nor obligation, nor any interest 
in Ethiopia. Entanglements in this far-away war area must be avoided by 
America. 

Twenty years ago, the conditions were somewhat similar and we now 
learn the full story of how America came to participate in the World War 
and of the forces that dragged us into that war. Not as pacifists, but on 
the basis of sound American principles and policies, American diplomacy 
owes it to the flower of American manhood to keep hands off all inter- 
national entanglements that would involve the United States in another 
world war. The cost is not worth the venture, and European nations still 
owe obligations of the last war. 

Mussolini, Hitler and others who would conquer the world must receive 
neither aid nor encouragement from us. A vigorous campaign of protests 
to our Congress and the President of the United States is in order and 
we must urge that whatever American interests require protection, must be 
accomplished without resort to arms on our part. J. A. Boak. 



The Grange Year Closed 

WITH the close of September the Grange Year of 1935 is history. Our 
record in Pennsylvania is written and all indications are that it 
is quite satisfactory. When the September reports will be tabulated, 
we hope to show a worthwhile gain in membership. 

Throughout the year there has been much activity; in the extension 
work of the order, we have made forward strides; in legislation our efforts 
are crowned with success and the result of Grange activities, figured in 



October, 1935 



PENNSYLANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 9 




Ethics 



WEBSTER defines Ethics as follows: "The doctrine of moral or so- 
cial manners; the science of moral philosophy which teaches men 
their duty and the reason for it." 

You will note from the above definition that the ethics adopted by a per- 
son, organization or a nation determines its destiny. You will also note that 
a science that does not teach men their duty and the reason for it is not, 
ethics. A nation that is of a war-like nature is not likely to teach peace, 
while a nation whose ethics is that of peace is going to work to that end 
and will be a law abiding nation, peace loving. 

The ethics of the Grange is that of fraternal ism and as such its members 
do for each other, help each other, and should have in mind what effect 
certain doings will have on others and on the Grange. Here is a place we 
should incorporate the G'oldon Rule, and if we do so the ethics or manners 
of ourselves in the Grange and elsewhere would be greatly modified. What 
about doing our part on the program or helping with a social, would we 
wish the members to do as we do if we were the lecturer or on the Social 
Committee? Would the remarks we make and the deeds we do, if made by 
another, be gratifying to us? The same ethics should apply to the home, 
church and elsewhere, as in the Grange. 

The ethics of the nations are rapidly undergoing a radical change. ^Ve 
were gratified on the morning after the Primaries to learn that the people 
of Pennsylvania are satisfied that the ethics of the past are good enough 
for the present and here we desire to express our appreciation for the loyal 
support that our members and others gave to the policies of the Grange. 

Many Granges and other organizations and homes, as well, would do well 
by a systematic study of ethics, remembering that ethics is the doctrine of 
moral or social mnnners; the science of moral philosophy which teaches men 
their duty and the reason for it. 

Fraternally yours, 

J. A. Boak. 



GRANGERS TOLD COUNTRY 

NEEDS MEN OF COURAGE 

Reproving the public for giving so 
little attention to government and to 
the type of men who are elected to 
office, l{ev. Ross M. Ilaverfield, of 
Monongahela, State Grange Chaplain, 
told the members of Greene County 
Pomona, meeting at Kughntown Sat- 
urday, that the country needed men 
of courage and that it is the duty and 
responsibility of the public to elect 
such men to office. 

Rev. Mr. Ilaverfield is pastor of the 
Presbyterian church at Monongahela, 
took as his topic: ''The Challenge of 
To-day." 

He said in part: 

"No generation has seen so many 
changes and these changes have revo- 
lutioned our mode of living. Because 
of the changes we must make new 
adjustments. The great and rapiding 
changes have brought about two ex- 
treme classes, one of which is known 
as the ultra cons