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Full text of "Pennsylvania grange news"

Title: Pennsylvania grange news, v.28 

Place of Publication: Chambersburg, Pa. 

Copyright Date: 1931/1932 

Master Negative Storage Number: MNS# PSt SNPaAg092.2 



Volume: 







193 




4 



t : 



1181 





Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office at Harrisburg, Pa., under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 



VOL. XXVIII 



HARRISBURG, PA., APRIL, 193^ ' ^ ^ / 



No. 1 



Agricultural Needs Pre- 
sented in Many Bills 

School Bill Sponsored by State Grange^ 

Road Program, Stream Pollution and 

Present Sabbath Laws Supported 

By John H. Light 



AS WE write this article, 1205 
^ bills have been presented in the 
House of Representatives and 
520 in the Senate of the Pennsylvania 
State Legislature. Many of these 
bills are of a trivial nature and are 
aimed to satisfy the demand of some- 
one who has a special motive in having 
enacted into law ideas to satisfy a 
particular case. However, among 
these bills there are a great many con- 
taining commendable features that 
would clarify existing laws and im- 
prove others. As usual, an attempt 
is made by those who would break 
down the commonly known "Blue 
Laws" of Pennsylvania and adopt a 
more or less of a Continental Sabbath. 
The proponents of this measure are a 
legion and represent mostly the big 
cities, and they plea under the guise 
of a humanitarian interest that the 
Sabbath should be open to certain 
sports such as baseball and the like. 
We believe that the principal motive 
for the effort to break down these laws 
is that the opening of our ball parks 



and other places of amusement would 
carry with the movement an admis- 
sion charge to all these amusement 
parks, and thereby gratify the com- 
mercial interests who are the mouth- 
pieces of those whom they lead. A 
large majority of the staid and sub- 
stantial citizens of this Common- 
wealth are not yet ready to surrender 
the Sabbath Laws as they now exist, 
in favor of these doubtful interests 
who are clamoring for an open Sab- 
bath. It is our hope that every so- 
ciety for the uplift of humankind will 
write to their legislators and insist 
upon it that the Sabbath Laws remain 
intact as they are. 

We must not overlook the impor- 
tance of the Rural Road Program, 
upon which the Grange has a defined 
policy and favors the program of the 
Governor, to take over and maintain 
20,000 miles of township roads. The 
fact should not be overlooked that this 
program says, "take over and main- 
tain,*' for the reason that there are 
certain interests that would make it 



appear otherwise. It is the general 
feeling among a great many organi- 
zations and individuals, that the time 
must eventually come when the State 
should maintain all highways in this 
Commonwealth, for the reason that 
roads are no more a matter of local 
concern, but they serve as a medium 
of transportation for counties and 
states, and even for interstate traffic. 
Taking over 20,000 miles is only the 
beginning of one of the greatest move- 
ments ever undertaken by any Com- 
monwealth to lift a great burden of 
taxes that is supposed to lend itself 
to local support, whereas it serves a 
general purpose. 

As Grange News goes to press, 
there is being introduced into the 
Legislature a bill that covers the text 
of the declaration of the State Grange 
meeting held at Pottsville, with refer- 
ence to its position on the Rural 
School question. This is House Bill 
No. 1313, introduced by Brother 
George M. Griffin, of Fayette Coun- 
ty, a member of the House of Repre- 
sentatives and an active worker in 
the Grange for a number of years. 
The substance of the amendment is in 
line with the proposition at the Potts- 
ville meeting, that Article 12, Section 
1210, of page 19 of the School Code, 
be amended to read as follows : "Each 
fourth class district in the Common- 
wealth shall lay a five mill tax on the 
true value of the real estate in the 
district, and the Commonwealth shall 
then appropriate for each district the 
amount equal to the difference be- 
tween the revenue derived by the five 
(Concluded on page S.) 



National Grange 
Bonding Contract 

LAST year, by vote of the National 
^ (J range, a Blanket Bond was se- 
cured to cover the office rather 
than the individuals, and to be avail- 
able for Subordinate, Pomona and 
state officers. This agreement has 
worked a real savings and has given 
the maximum protection to Grange 
funds. A number of Grange States 
have bonded every officer in the atate» 
thus complying with Grange law and 
keeping funds intact. 

L^nfortunately the volume of busi- 
ness was not as large as was anticipat- 
ed but it is believed that volume of 
bonds can be greatly increased during 
the coming year and a contract has 
been made for 1931, under which each 
Grange may take a minimum bond 
on its officers, under the Blanket form. 
Then the National Grange takes what 
is known as an Excess Blanket Bond 
which applies to a bonded officer 
where there was a loss. For example, 
a Subordinate Grange might bond its 
treasurer for $200, and there might 
be a loss of $500. The excess Blanket 
Bond will cover any bonded official 
greater than the face of the bond. 

Blank forms of application may be 
had by addressing Grange Headquar- 
ters, 428 Telegraph Bldg., Harrisburg, 
Pa., or S. S. McCloskey, 630 Louisiana 
Ave., Washington, D. C. 



A laugh is worth a hundred groans 
in any market. — Lamh. 




A Scene in One of the Dramatic Contests at the Urgent. Farm Products Show; Twenty Granges Participated 



Page 2 



I 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1931 



►♦0»0»0»^0»0»€»« 



2 
2 

S 




HANDY! 



Silver "OHIO" grain mixers 
are low in price and made en- 
tirely of metal. Two handy 
models of approximately 100 
pounds capacity... just a few 
turns of the crank thoroughly 
mixes whole or ground grain . 
Eliminates co§t and incon- 
venience of mill mixing. 




Write us TODAY /or 

prices and complete 

information. 



THE SILVER MFG. COMPANY 
SALEM. OHIO, U. S. A. 






"Rus gorgeoo s ooQeetioa 
can be grown In your own 
home. Unsurpassed as 
house plants or for bedding 
in the open ground. Beauti- 
ful and choice colors, as 
listed below: 

Brtelc R*d CrlmsoM 



Guarant0ti1 to Grotv *" "^ "V*nniiiM SmH** 

talnisn C«rto« OmnM R*4 Salmo* ^ 

WkRi huSmd Vmrt*amf6 MsrgiMtf 

Thl» cnnd u«t)i eollectios ta iB«de np of • mixtnre. •»! In oo« 
Bu:kac« aod BhoQld prodnc* 18 or more fine plants. Geraniuma 
m OMily srown from »>t*A, aUrt blooming In 90 dayaaf t«r •««1 
U Diaotod. and bloom profnaaty and conUnaonaly. Thia cholec 
Mfiactioa, lOe; 8 for 2S«-. 7 for BOa. poatpatd. 
Lat ma tall yoo about my "Boyins Service for Fann Women." 

ALVS JOHNSTON CO. D«pL 25, POLO, ILL. 

GIANT AZTEC BEAN 




The above illustration was reproduced from an artual 
pbotograph, to show the comparative size of the Giant 
Astee Bean with that of the common field or navy bean. 

LARGEST OF ALL BEANS 

It is a rsal bean; looks Uke a field or navy bean except 
that it is 8 or 9 times as luve. 18 or 20 Giant Aztec beans 
asually weijfh an ounce, while it takes from 160 to 170 of 
the common field beans to weigh an ounce. It is a bush 
bean; will stand more drought than most varieties; very 
hardy: and probably the most productive bean grown. 
One planter reports that two years ago he secured foui 
beans, the product of which h« reolanted last sprinR and 
in the fall harvested 240 pounds of dry beans. T^e quality 
of the Giant Aztec Bean Is unexcelled both as • green snd 
dry shell bean. Our supply of seed is limited, and the 
price is hisrh, but now is the time to get started with this 
wonderfulbean. 8 beans, 28c; 40 beans. Sl.OO; quarter 
lb.. S2.00, postpaid. Catalog fri-e BURaKSS SEED A 
MANT COm 2M a. B^ OALCSBURO, MICMIOAN. 



Earliest Tomato 



Isioni't 

Wayahaad. 

Big red fruit 

ripe as early 

-, .. . ,, asJuly4th 

Nothing earUer to be had anywhere. Regular price 
"" :2uJSu 



l*c per pkt. but to Introduce Jung's Qu&Ilty 
will send a pkt. of this Tomato and Cucumber. Carrot. 
Lettuee, Onion. Radish, Superb Astera. Garden Pinks. 
Giant Zinnias and Giant Sweet Peas If you will en- 
close 10c, In Canada. 20c to pay postage and decking. 



A 

free 



coupon entitling vou to lOo worth of seeds FDPr 
»e with eacb oolfectlon. Our handsome ■ ■vKE. 
colored catalog Is full of bargains In seeds, plants and 
B&rubs and Is sent free. Many new seeds free. 
J.W.JUNO SEKO CO., Farms. RANDOLPH, WIS. 

STRAWBERRIES 

PAY Allen's Book of Benrlee 

laml tells how. Describee best 

varieties, methods and 

plants. Write today for free copy. 

THE W. P. ALLEN CO. 
199 Market St. Saliabtiry, Md. 





RHODODENDRON 

IMAXIMUM 

Choice Plants 

; That Will Add 

Beauty and 

Value to Your 

Home 

Our Priem Li$t 
Pr9€ 

Tennessee Evergrreen Co., 

POEV ILXE. TEyw. 



FARM PROBLEMS 

IN TWO DAY SESSIONS 

The spring meeting of Crawford 
County Pomona Grange, No. 26, P. 
of H., was held with Blooming Val- 
ley Grange, on Wednesday and Thurs- 
day, March 3d and 4th, with a large 
attendance of members from the Sub- 
ordinate Granges of the County. 

The meeting was called to order in 
the fifth degree at 11a. m., on Wednes- 
day, by Worthy Master Fred E. 
Flaugh, of Shaws Landing Grange, 
and after the reading of minutes of 
the last meeting, the fifth degree was 
closed and the session opened in the 
fourth degree. The Worthy Master 
of the entertaining Grange gave the 
address of welcome which was re- 
sponded to by Mrs. Blanch Amy, 
Past Lecturer, of Pomona Grange, No. 
2(3. 

The roll call of Subordinate 
Granges was answered by members 
telling what they expected their dele- 
gates to bring back to them from the 
State Grange meeting held in Potts- 
ville, in December, which would be of 
value in the Grange work. 

Woodcock Center Grange rendered 
several musical selections, following 
which the meeting adjourned for the 
midday recess. Dinner was served in 
the dining room of the hall with the 
entertaining Grange furnishing hot 
Coffee. 

The afternoon session was called at 
1 : 30 o'clock, and after music, there 
were general discussions on various 
subjects of interest to farmers, dairy- 
men, housewives and others and many 
members took part, relating their ex- 
periences, successes and failures as 
the case might be, along different 
lines of farm activity. 

The Pomona Lecturer gave some 
interesting pointers for Subordinate 
Lecturers for best work in their home 
Grange, following which J. Glenn 
Crumb, Past Master of Pomona gave 
a very interesting and instructiye talk 
on the wild life, flowers, etc., of the 
Pyniatuning swamp. 

Pluasant Evenino Session 

The evening session was called at 
7 : 30 o'clock, and after the business 
matters were transacted, the fifth de- 
gree was conferred on a class of four- 
teen candidates, with Worthy Master 
Flaugh and assistants in charge. This 
was followed by refreshments, and 
literary program consisting of music, 
a play entitled "A Try-out for the 
Movies," which was well put on by 
Meadville Division No. 2. A musical 
pantomime by Blooming Valley 
Grange and a musical dialogue, both 
of which were well received^ con- 
cluded the evening program. 

The Thursday morning session was 
called at 9 : 30 o'clock by singing, after 
which resolutions were introduced. 
There was an interesting discussion 
on the subject of beautifying home 
grounds conducted by the home eco- 
nomics committee and participated in 
by a number of the grangers. 

Worthy Master and Mrs. Flaugh 
gave an interesting report of the State 
Grange meeting in December, after 
which there were music and readings 
by different grangers. 

Work of 4-H Oiub 

The meeting was then turned over 
to Allen H. Baker, a state club lead- 
er, who held close attention in his 
discussion of the 4-H club work for 
boys and girls unable to attend State 
College. The name "4-H" stands for 
"head, hands, heart and health." Mr. 
Baker outlined many things of value 
to boys and girls who work in such 
clubs. He said that out of 830,000 
boys and girls, only one in thirteen 
engaged in club work. He outlined 



plans by which they gain these things 
of value without attending college. 

Mr. Baker outlined some of the 
things confronting the boys and girls 
of the future, such as "boom" prices 
followed by depression, more uses of 
machines, control of markets, shifting 
of population, changes in tastes, high- 
er standards of living for farm fam- 
ilies, increased commercial recreation, 
all of which he said the solving will 
be a big factor in the lives of the 
men and women of tomorrow. 

Thursday Afternoon 

Cambridge Springs Grange gave the 
music for the opening of Thursday 
afternoon session, this being followed 
by a paper on "Famous Women of 
Our Times" read by Mrs. Gertrude 
Cropp, past Pomona Lecturer and 
Chaplain. The achievements of many 
famous women were cited, among 
those mentioned being Carrie Chap- 
man Catt, Ida M. Tarbell, Katherine 
Norris, Mary Roberts Rinehart, Em- 
ma Fox and Mrs. Franklin D. Roose- 
velt. 

Howard G. Eisaman, Lecturer of 
the State Grange was introduced after 
Mrs. Cropp concluded, and he gave a 
very informative talk on legislation, 
in which he stressed the importance 
of roads and schools, together with an 
equalization of assessed valuations. 
He urged the grangers to stand by 
the road program advocated by Gov- 
ernor Pinchot. 

In discussing an equitable system 
of assessing taxes, Mr. Eisaman cited 
instances where assessments are 20 
per cent of value and others assessed 
as high as 280 per cent. He advocated 
the local assessor being subject to a 
chief assessor so that valuations might 
not be left to the judgment of one 
man and the County Commissioners 
as is the system now. 

Resolutions Adopted 

The resolutions committee then re- 
ported on various matters, the report 
being adopted. The resolutions in- 
cluded opposition to the daylight sav- 
ing plan, a request for legislation to 
protect automobile drivers in picking 
up travelers, approval of the Pinchot 
road program, and the following: 

"Whereas, the stealing of chickens, 
stock, fruit, vegetables and other farm 
products has become a source of great 
financial loss and annoyance to the 
residents of rural districts, and 

"Whereas, It is evident that with 
our ever increasing mileage of im- 
proved roads and rapid transportation, 
these depredations will become more 
general, therefore be it 

"Resolved, by Crawford County 
Pomona Grange, No. 26, that we, act- 
ing in conjunction with the Sub- 
ordinate Granges of Crawford and 
Venango Counties, offer one hundred 
($100) dollars reward to be paid to 
the person or persons furnishing evi- 
dence leading to the arrest and con- 
viction of the party or parties commit- 
ting an act of larceny from any pa- 
trons of Granges contributing from 
the above named counties. 

"Be it Further Resolved, That each 
Subordinate Grange in Crawford 
County be asked to contribute the sum 
of $2 for each reward paid, the re- 
mainder to be supplied by Crawford 
County Pomona, No. 26, and that 
this become a standing offer as soon 
as thirty Granges in said County ac- 
cept the proposition." 



April, 1931 



251 f ()5 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 3 



Select Best Varieties. — The suc- 
cess or failure of a vegetable crop may 
depend upon selection of the right 
variety. In choosing varieties, con- 
sider earliness, yield, quality, and 
suitability to the location. Order only 
;froti> tTie best source. 



Plain Facts . . . 
New Grangers' Policy 



ANEW PLAN by which 
you can have perma- 
nent life insurance protection 
at lower cost. This plan means 
that For the first five years the 
premiums are approximately 
one-halF the cost of an Ordi- 
nary Life Policy^ that this 
policy carries conversion priv- 
ileges^ and that it pays 
double the face of the policy 
in case of death by accident, 
for a small additional pre- 
mium. 

Secure one of these pol- 
icies from your own Grange 
Company, which gives you 
maximum life insurance serv- 
ice at minimum cost. 



Farmers & Traders Life 
Insurance Co. 

Home Office — Stale Tower Bids. 
Syracuse, N. Y. 



Dairy and Farm Organizations 
Cooperate in Oleo Legislation 



By Fred Brenckman 



f 



I 



INTRODUCING 



IRAWBEm WOPLD 



"LmtAM Howard'! "ir' (Premier) In Vl 
ways. Even more prodactlTe, X*arjrer in 
«tse, BeUer qoAllty, Better color, firmer. 
In fact is the greatest triumph in the 
history of STKAWBrKB7 BBEEDINa. 

Prices: 25 plant*, 14.00; 50 plants. $6.00: 
100 pUntt, 110.00; Urcer quantities at 100 
rates. 



BIG 8ERRY BOOK r>p 



TOWNSEND'9 

20th Century Catalog 

Give* full ilrscrliitinim with the pedirroe of 
thU ^vorlO'R fniiionsi berry. 
AIho IL^tM thp leadinc atandnrd varieties of 
utrawborrlos. rnH|iberrleH. bla< ktM>rrlpi<, Krapco, 
nHftaraKUB, perennlaU, fruit tree*, nhrubbery. 
In fact mo«t every thing neeflei* in the homo 
Iilantlnir, for the eanlen or orrhardlat. It will 
I>o> you to write for this free book before 
placinr an order for nuracrr stock. A doh- 
tal will brlnt It. 

E. W. TOWNSEND & SONS 

75 Vine Street. Salisbury. Md. 



5? 



I 



OATS 

SENSATION — One of the moat productive 
oats In cultivation. 76 bu. and upward per 
acre are frequent, with large, white, meatj 
grains weighing 44-46 lbs. per measured bu 
of the highest quality. We are making »» 
exceptionally low price in quantities. Yofl 
should by all means try these oats. AIM 
Barly Clarage and White Cap Seed Com. 
Bearded and Smooth Barley, Soy Beans and 
Sweet Clover. Write us for samples and 
prices. 

Theo. Bart & Sons, Box 65, Melrose, Ohio 



POSSIBLY one of the most im- 
portant acts of Congress in this 
short session, was the passage of 
the Brigham-Townsend Bill, clarify- 
ing and strengthening the Federal 
Oleomargarine Act; it was passed by 
Congress on the afternoon of March 
3d, just a single day before the end 
of the session. The bill was signed 
by President Hoover in the presence 
of its sponsors and a small group of 
farm leaders on March 4th. It be- 
comes effective in 90 days. 

The need for this legislation became 
imperative when on November 12, 
1930, David Burnet, Commissioner of 
Internal Revenue, issued a ruling 
which permitted oleomargarine manu- 
facturers to use unbleached, refined 
palm oil to color oleomargarine yel- 
low in semblance of butter without the 
payment of the 10c tax, previously 
demanded on oleomargarine artificial- 
ly colored. 

llepeated conferences with the Com- 
missioner and his superiors in the ef- 
fort to have the ruling rescinded 
proved futile, notwithstanding the fact 
that the original intention of Con- 
gress undoubtedly was to tax all col- 
ored oleomargarine 10c a pound. 

Under the Brigham-Townsend Law, 
oleomargarine in its natural color, 
which is white, will be taxable at one- 
fourth cent per pound, as heretofore. 
As is well known, the nutritive value 
of white oleomargarine is fully as 
rcat as when colored yellow. It there- 
fore follows that the only reason there 
could be for coloring oleomargarine in 
semblance of butter is to deceive and 
defraud the consuming public. 

When butter is selling at fair prices, 
oleomargarine frequently retails at 
from 25 to 35 cents a pound. As but- 
ter prices decline, the price of oleo- 
margarine also comes down, for no 
better reason that that butter prices 
have dropi)ed. One of the virtues of 
the Brigham-Townsend Bill is that 
it will compel the manufacturers of 
oleomargarine to sell food value rather 
than color. In drawing the line of 
demarcation between white and yellow 
oleomargarine, the Lovibond tinto- 
meter test will be applied. The limit 
of color permitted under this test 
before the 10c tax applies is 1.6 de- 
grees. This test is used in the en- 
forcement of the Pennsylvania oleo- 
margarine law, which has been in 
successful operation for many years. 
The difference between the Pennsyl- 
vania statute and the Federal Act as 
now amended is that in Pennsylvania 
tlie sale of yellow oleomargarine. 



g 



whether colored by artificial or na- 
tural means, is absolutely prohibited, 
while under the Federal Act the 10c 
tax is used to discourage the produc- 
tion and sale of the colored product. 
The tactics of the oleomargarine 
interests in connection with the fight 
which culminated in the enactment 
of the Brigham-Townsend bill were 
to do everything possible to delay the 
proceedings in the hope that the bill 
would be caught in the legislative 
jam which always accompanies the 
closing hours of the short session of 
Congress. How near these tactics 
came to being successful is shown by 
the fact that the bill was passed with 
less than 24 hours to spare. The bill 
passed the House on February 26th 
by the smashing vote of 302 to 101. 

In order to forestall a formidable 
filibuster which was threatening in 
the Senate, it was necessary for the 
backers of the bill to accept an amend- 
ment placing gum rosin and turpen- 
tine, as they come from the trees, 
mder the Agricultural Marketing Act. 
This will enable the producers of 
these commodities to organize cooper- 
atively and be financed by the Federal 
Farm Board. The amendment in no 
way affects the virtues of the oleo- 
margarine bill itself. With this rider 
attached, the bill passed the Senate 
at a night session on March 2d by a 
vote of 68 to 9. The concurrence of 
the House and Senate amendment 
was* obtained under suspension of 
the rules the following day. 

Dairy specialists assert that the rul- 
ing of Commissioner Burnet, on a 
conservative estimate, was costing 
agriculture at least a million dollars 
a day. Failure to secure the enact- 
ment of the Brigham-Townsend Bill 
would have been positively ruinous to 
the dairy industry of the country. 

The major farm and dairy organiza- 
tions of the United States cooperated 
loyally and faithfully in securing the 
passage of this piece of legislation, 
the most important from an agri- 
cultural standpoint enacted during the 
short session of Congress. High 
praise is due to Congressman E. S. 
Brigham, of Vermont, and Senator 
John G. Townsend, of Delaware, joint 
sponsors of the bill, together with 
Congressman Haugen and Senator 
McNary, chairman of the agricultural 
committees in their respective branch- 
es of Congress. Signal and devoted 
service in the interest of this legisla- 
tion was also rendered by a large 
group of members of Congress in 
both Houses from the agricultural 
states. 



Erie County: Gain 

Corry ^ 

Edinboro 13 

Indiana County: 

Marion Center 5 

Jefferson County: 

Elder 15 

Sugar Hill 46 

Lawrence County: 

Westfield 7 



Mercer County : 

Worth 8 

Snyder County: 

Monroe 66 

McClure T 

Somerset County: 

Wills 8 

Somerset 12 

Warren County : 

Columbus 5 

Corydon 8 

Mountain 8 

South West 16 

Brokenstraw 5 

Wayne County: 

Indian Orchard 6 

Beech Grove 30 

Lookout 8 

Washington County: 

Scenery Hill 9 

North Strabane 7 

Prosperity 11 

Westmoreland County : 

Eureka 5 

Sewickley 5 

Kostraver 7 

York County: 
Valley 5 



Tioga County: 

Ogdensburg 11 

Middle Ridge 9 

North Elk Run 8 

Tioga County Center 5 

Troups Creek 8 

C-harleston Union 11 

Stony Fork 5 

Nauvoo 5 



20 GIANT ZINNIAS 10c 

Send for WorlcTsGreateat Collection Giant Zinniaa- 
famnus for size and beautiful colors -easy tn grow 
anywhere and bloom from early summer until frost 
This collection includes 20 fforceoua colors, as follows: 



Brifht Rose Purple 

Burnt Oranse Sulphur Yellow 

Deep Flesh Salmon Rose 

Lavender Buttercup 

Buff Cream 

Ruhr Red Crimson 

Orance Deep Rote 

These Seeds — 20 Colors in plct. (over 100 seeds) 
10c: 3 pkts.. 2Sc: 8 pkts.. 50c ; 20 pkts.. |1.00. 

Sprint Catalog (233 varieties in natural colorsl 
of Seeds, Bulbs, Shrubs. Roses and Perennial* 
mailed with every order or free on request. 

F.B.IWILL8,Seederow9r. Box 77. Rose Hilt. N.Y. 



Shrimp Pink 

Cardinal 

Canary Yellow 

Blush Pink 

Violet 

White 

And others 



GRANGE HONOR ROLL 

The following Granges have re- 
ported a gain in membership of five 
or more and are entitled to a place 
on the Honor Roll. 

Monroe Grange had the largest in- 
crease with Sugar Hill, second. Tioga 
County has the largest number of 
Granges on the roll, with Warren 
second. Many more might be entered 
had they reported. A larger list is 
awaited for the next issue of Grange 
News. 

Armstrong County: Gain 

Laurel Point 14 

Spring Church 7 

Dayton 30 

Butler County: 

Worth 7 

Unionville 5 

Royal 26 



Blair County: 
North Woodbury 
Bald Eagle .... 



Oain 

.. 7 
. . 10 



Bedford County : 

Buffalo 6 

Charlesville 16 

Burning Bush 7 

Clinton County: 
Avis 5 

Cumberland County: 

Boiling Springs 7 

Penn 20 

Clarion County: 

Asbury 5 

Community 8 

Crawford County: 
Penn Line 7 



POTATO GROWERS PLAN 

BIG STATE EXPOSITION 

With the coming of spring, prepara- 
tions for the big Potato Exposition at 
the Pennsylvania State College, Au- 
gust 24, 25, and 26, will get under 
way promptly. 

The Pennsylvania Potato Growers' 
Association is sponsoring the exposi- 
tion, which will be similar to the one 
staged at State College two years ago. 
Production, marketing, and consump- 
tion principles and practices will be 
presented in the program of educa- 
tional talks, demonstrations, and ex- 
hibits. 

Cooperating with the growers in 
the educational activities of the ex- 
position, Dr. C. F. Noll, farm super- 
intendent for the college, will set 
aside a field for demonstrational pur- 
poses. Six acres will be available for 
plowing tests. Early planted potatoes 
will be ready for digging and late 
potatoes will be available for spraying. 
Observations on general cultural prac- 
tices will be made in the big college 
potato field. 

Plans for the exposition call for the 
appearance of several national eco- 
nomic and educational leaders on the 
speaking program. It is the aim of the 
committee in charge of arrangements 
to make the exposition the outstand- 
ing potato growers' event of the year 
in the country, Denniston declares. 



AGRICULTURAL NEEDS 

PRESENTED IN MANY BILLS 

(Concluded from page 1.) 

mill tax and the sum of $1,500 for 
each teacher employed by the district." 
We propose to initiate a campaign to 
reach every Grange and school dis- 
trict, as well as the members of the 
Legislature, for the passage of this 
bill and the enactment of the same 
into law. It is our belief that the en- 
actment of such a law would mean 
the salvation of every fourth class 
school district in the State. To this 
end, we urge every Grange, through 
its Legislative Committee, to become 
active at once and to inform the mem- 
bers of the House of Representatives 
of their district in this re8i)ect. 

A deplorable condition in the State 
of Pennsylvania is the condition of 
our streams that are polluted to the 
extent of about 90 to 95% of all the 
streams in the State. It is easily seen 
that these waters are not habitable for 
fish, they are not fit for human con- 
sumption and they are not even fit 
for cattle to drink. There is no ex- 
cuse for the condition of the fresh 
water streams of this State, as they 
now exist. A number of bills are in- 
troduced to relieve the situation, but 
as the matter stands now everything 
is in a turmoil, for all the forces 
who are interested in laws to regulate 
stream pollution are at variance as to 
their ideas to accomplish the cleansing 
of the streams. It is hoped that be- 
fore another week or two pass, that 
there may be a cooperation in some 
form that will give us the passage of a 
bill that is favorable both to the Con- 
servation Council, to the State 
Grange, to the cities and to the manu- 
facturers who dump their refuse into 
the streams of the State. Conditions 
have become unbearable in many sec- 
tions, notably in the vicinity of Pitts- 
burgh, in the extreme southeastern 
part of the State, in the sections that 
are drained by the waters that emerge 
from the coal regions, and, in fact, in 
every corner of the State stream pol- 
lution is at its height. 

As is well known, investigations of 
the Public Service Commission are 
being made by two committees, one 
appointed by the Senate of the State 
of Pennsylvania and one appointed 
the House of Representatives. 



in 

Each of these Committees has held 
stated hearings for a number of days, 
and has compiled a great deal of 
testimony concerning the activities of 
the large interests in this State. It 
would appear that the Senate Com- 
mittee feels that it has about con- 
cluded its work and may quit at any 
time. On the contrary, the House 
Committee will doubtless continue to 
make searching investigations of the 
activities of the big interests in many 
ways. Before these two committees 
report, there will doubtless be gath- 
ered a mass of evidence that will be a 
revelation to the people of this State, 
as to some of the inner workings 
of our big interests. The Governor's 
Bill to create a Fair Rate Board to 
supplant the Public Service Commis- 
sion has been introduced in the House 
of Representatives and referred to the 
proper committee. This is in line 
with Mr. Pinchot's declarations 
throughout the primary and general 
election campaigns. The plan of the 
Governor is to make the office elective 
instead of appointive, and divides the 
State into seven districts, each of 
which would elect a representative to 
this board. It is too early to say what 
the outcome of this bill will be, but it 
is the feeling that the laws of this 
State regulating the Public Service 
Commission must be strengthened or 
else the Commission abolished. 



» • 



Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1931 



Overseer^s Letter 



M 



f ACTIVITIES as State Over- 
seer started by attending the 
Carbon County Pomona meet- 
ing held at Normal on December 13th. 
The meeting was presided over by 
Sister Buck, Pomona Master. The 
evening session was well attended and 
interest ran high. The Fifth Degree 
was conferred on a class of candidates 
with Brother W. H. Snyder, Past 
Pomona Master, serving as Master of 
the Degree Team. The work was put 
on in fine style. 

Our installation work started Janu- 
ary 1st at Kutztown. My assistants 
were Marshal, Brother Koller; Em- 
blem Bearer, Sister Himmelbreick, 
Regalia Bearer, Sister Koller. On 
January 8th, the officers of Fleetwood 
Grange were installed by the Kutz- 
town team. This exchange of instal- 
lation has taken place for the last 
eight years and always creates a great 
deal of interest. On January 10th, 
accompanied by about eighty Fleet- 
wood patrons, we installed the officers 
of Outelaunee Grange at Leesport. 

The officers of Gouglersville Grange 
were installed on January 13th, and 
those of Marion Grange on February 
3d. The tableaus were shown in con- 
nection with all these installations 
and large delegations always accom- 
panied us on all these trips. 

On January 3d, I had the privilege 
of installing the officers of the Cam- 
bria County Pomona Grange in the 
Munster Grange Hall. The meetings 
were well attended and interesting 
throughout the entire session. Brother 
Bumford served as Marshal, with 
Sister Jones as Emblem Bearer, and 
Sister Bumford as Regalia Bearer. 

Bro. Edward Jones retired as Mas- 
ter after giving splendid service for 
six years. Bro. Edward Weise is the 
new Pomona Master and Brother 
McWilliams, County Farm Agent, 
Pomona Lecturer. Brother Gooder- 
ham, from Patton, Past Pomona Mas- 



ter and a former director of the Key- 
stone Grange Exchange, was present 
and made a fine address. 

After the meeting I was taken to 
Mr. Charles Schwab's farm at Loretta. 
This is an 1,800-acre farm and one 
of the show places in the state where 
they breed purebred Guernsey cattle, 
Percheron horses, and Duroc swine, 
which have been shown at some of the 
leading fairs of the state. 

On February 14th, I spoke at the 
York County Pomona Grange meet- 
ing held in the Valley Grange Hall 
at Lewisberry. The meeting was well 
attended and a splendid program was 
rendered. 

Bro. O. L. Spahr, Pomona Master, 
presided at the meeting. Past Po- 
mona Master of York County, Bro. 
R. J. Shettel, and Past Pomona Mas- 
ter of Cumberland County, Bro. Jacob 
Meixel, gave timely remarks on 
grange work. On my way home I 
stopped over at Jonestown, Lebanon 
County, where the Pomona Grange 
was in session. 

The Pomona officers were installed 
in the afternoon by State Master, 
Bro. E. B. Dorsett. This Pomona is 
under the leadership of Bro. John H. 
Light, State Secretary. 

The evening session was in charge 
of Bro. Paul Horst, Pomona Lecturer. 

I was extended the courtesy to 
speak to a large audience. The pro- 
grams were well balanced and great 
interest was manifested at both of 
these meetings. It certainly was a 
rare privilege for me to attend two 
Pomona meetings on the same day. 

March 2d was spent with Ephrata 
Grange, Lancaster County, and saw a 
real grange meeting. On March 5th 
I attended Montgomery County Po- 
mona at Sanatoga. A fine meeting 
was held and it was largely attended. 

Fraternally yours, 

George W. Schuler. 




NON 
WRAP 

SPREADER 
SHREDS, PULVERIZES 

AND MAKES AN 

EVEN DISTRIBUTION 

Money invested in a good spreader brings big dividends. There is no 
better spreader on the market than the "NON-WRAP" and therefore this 
spreader earns the highest dividends. 

You want to know about this spreader — how wrapping is prevented and 
how the even feed and regular distribution is accomplished. 

It is low down and easy to load; has large .capacity and so easily 
operated. Strongly built, dependable and will give long years of service. 



Just write for Bulletin 930 — it shows a new application of an 
old principle well known to your forebears. 



A.B.FaRQUHAR Co., Limited 

Engines. Boilers, Sawm i II s.Thrdshers, Hay Balers. 
Cider Presses, Manure Spreaders, Groin Drills, 
Harrows, Corn 6t Potato Planters, Transplanters 
Traction 6t Power Sprayers. Potato Diggers 

BOX 963 YORK, PA. 



■ 



Plan Garden Carefully. — Since 
the farm garden contributes a good 
share to the living of the farmer. and 
his family, careful thought and at- 
tention to its planting and manage- 
ment is a paying investment. 



Treat Grain for Smut. — Unless 
the seed is treated when smut infec- 
tion has started in your grain, you 
are due to pay a heavy smut tax in 
lower yields and market discounts. 




Attractive 

Automobile Rates for the Granger or Farmer 

To any Qranger or Farmer who follows the occupation of farming as his 
chief source of support^ we will insure his automobile as follows: 

PLEASURE CARS — any pleasure car of any make at a premium of $18.00 per year for Liability 
$5/$10,000 limits and Property Damage $1,000 limits. 

COMMERCIAL CARS — any commercial car or truck at a premium of $23.00 per year for Liability 
$5/$10,000 limits and Property Damage $1,000 limits. 

We issue a participating, nonassessable stock company policy, sharing our profits with the policy- 
holder at the close of the policy year, and our return premium or dividend to the policyholder, 
by dividend check, has been running 15^ for many years. 

If higher limits of liability are desired, rates will be given upon request. 

Fire and Theft insurance will also be written at attractive rates, upon request. 

Our Company has been operating for fourteen years giving splendid claim service, and has assets of 
over $6,396,000, and a capital and surplus to policyholders of over $4,320,000. 

You may order by filling out and returning the attached blank, or if additional information is 
desired it will be cheerfully given upon request. 

^^I^R* ^^im^ ^HM «^i^^ ^^^^ ^^^m ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^M^ ^^^K^ ^^^^ «^H^^ ^^^^ ^H^ «M^^ «^H^ ^Mi^^ «^B^H^^H^ ^^B^^ ^BSBW W^^ ^^M^W ^^^» ^^^^ ^HMB^ ^^^^ ^^^mm ^^^^m ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^M^ ^^^B ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^HM ^^^^M 

Manufacturers* Casualty Insurance Company 

925 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Qentlemen ; I hereby request you to write for me Liability and Property Damage insurance on the following described automobile. 



Name of Automobile and Year Model 


KIND— State Whether Pleasure Car or Truck 


Give Manufacturer's or Engine No. or Both 
Take same from License Card 









This order is given with the understanding that if the car insured is a pleasure car the premium will be $18.00. If 
a truck or delivery car, the cost will be $23.00. 






NAME ..ADDRESS. 



FARftTJHAR CELEBRATES 75TH 
ANNIVERSARY OVER WHP 

Celebrating its 75th anniversary 
the A. B. Farquhar Co., Limited, 
opened its program by broadcasting 
over WHP, liarrisburg. 

Seventy-five years ago, the A. B. 
Farquhar Co., Limited, was founded 
by the late A. B. Farquhar. Seven 
workmen constituted the entire force 
but each possessed the creative in- 
stinct and a genuine interest in the 
successful performance of the ma- 
chines made. From this modest be- 
ginning the Farquhar plant grew 
through all the vicissitudes of fires, 
Civil War and financial panics. It 
was the indomitable sticktoitiveness 
of Mr. Farquhar, the devoted coopera- 
tion of his employees and the experi- 
ences of thousands of successful 
farmers that made this company the 
largest manufacturers of farm ma- 
chinery in the East. 

The reputation of Farquhar de- 
pendable machinery spread until to- 
day the name Farquhar is known in 
every civilized country of the world. 
As the demand for Farquhar Farm 
Machinery increased, the factory on 
North Duke Street was enlarged un- 
til it not only produces farm machin- 
ery of outstanding merit, but engines, 
boilers, dairy boilers, sawmills, hy- 
draulic cider presses and special ma- 
chinery. 

Farquhar makes the only "Non- 
Wrap" Manure Spreader on the Amer- 
ican Market; the only low down In- 
terchangeable Grain Drill, and an 
"All-Steel" Thresher the increasing 
sales of which have been due to its 
reputation for fast, clean threshing 
of any kind of grain. 

Farquhar also builds the Iron Age 
line of Potato Machinery. Fifty-two 
per cent of the 1930 "400 bushel" 
Potato Club of Pennsylvania and fif- 
ty-one per cent of the 1930 Ohio "400 
bushel," Club used Iron Age Potato 
Planters. 

"The Voice of Farquhar" in mus ic 
and song will be heard over WHP, 
larrisburg, Tuesday evening, at 8 : 30. 
Send in your favorite song, it will be 
included in the request program. 



April, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 




ROSE VALLEY GRANGE 

REORGANIZED 

Rose Valley Grange, Lycoming 
County, was reorganized by the State 
Master, March 9th, with twenty mem- 
bers. 

This Grange disbanded ten years 
ago, but had never surrendered its 
charter. The hall had been sold, but 
transfer of title had never been made 
and the Grange will again take pos- 
session. 

J. W. Steiger of Trout Run, was 
elected master and will build up the 
membership by getting more of the 
former members reinstated and new 
ones to join. 

This Grange is in a good location 
and should become one of the strong- 
est units in the county. We hope 
that the PomonA will become inter- 
ested in having this Grange back in 
the fold and take pleasure in giving 
it any support that may be needed. 



i 



Washington Pomona 

Washington held its March session 
of Pomona in Trinity High School 
building, Washington, Tuesday, 
March 2, 1931. 

This was the largest attended, most 
instructive and inspiring session held 
in a long time. Nearly two hundred 
were in attendance at the morning 
session, and more than three hundred 
for the afternoon and evening. 

One gains new inspiration for the 
present, renewed hope for the future, 
as well as a clearer vision and broad- 
er conception of what the Grange is, 
what it has done and is doing for 
rural folks in the great Common- 
wealth of Pennsylvania, by attending 
such a meeting. 

The morning session was devoted 
to business, reports of officers, com- 
mittees and Subordinate Granges. 
The Pomona Home Economics Com- 
mittee awarded two beautiful flags, 
for having attained the highest score 
in Grange work during 1930. One 
went to Buffalo Grange, the home of 
the Pomona Master, Brother Cleland, 
and the other to Deemston. The pro- 
gram for 1931, outlining projects to 
be completed was read and adopted. 

The Reports of Subordinate 
Granges showed an increase in growth 
and interest. The total gain in mem- 
bership being 100, and the loss 28, 
with 14 applications on hand. This 
is a splendid showing and puts Wash- 
ington County on the right side of 
the ledger. 

The afternoon session was in charge 
of the Worthy Lecturer, and consisted 
of music, an agricultural demonstra- 
tion by the Trinity High School, and 
an address by the Worthy State Mas- 
ter. 

His remarks were directed largely 
to the boys from the school, who were 
in attendance. He stressed the im- 
portance of obedience, efficiency and 
application, closing with a strong plea 
for men who have the moral courage, 
ability and training that will enable 
them to solve the problems of the 
State and nation. 

The Pomona then held a closed ses- 
sion and the State Master read the 
Code, gave instruction in opening and 
closing the Grange and answered 
many questions relative to Grange 
Law and procedure. 

Sixteen Masters and all the depu- 
ties were present from Washington 



County and all of the Granges, eleven 
in number, were represented from 
Green County. 

The evening session was addressed 
by our Worthy State Ceres, Sister 
Sarah Caven, who spoke of the im- 
portance of juvenile work and of or- 
ganizing more Juvenile Granges. 
Twenty-three were instructed in the 
Fifth Degree. 



Bedford Pomona 

Bedford held its March session with 
Loysburg Grange, Thursday, March 
5, 1931. The morning session was a 
business one, and many items in 
which the Patrons of the county are 
interested were discussed. 

In the afternoon the Pomona offi- 
cers were installed and instructed by 
the Worthy State Master. Some time 
was spent in reviewing the work of 
the Grange and in instructing the 
Masters and Deputies in their work. 
The Reports of Subordinate Granges 
showed a net gain of 18. 

The evening session was held in the 
church, and was addressed by the 
District Attorney of Bedford County, 
Pay Master T. T. Hill and the 
Worthy State Master. 

Music, readings and recitations 
were interspersed and a well attended, 
instructive and inspiring Pomona, 
came to a close. 



Erie Pomona 

Erie Pomona was held at North 
East, Wednesday, March 11, 1931. A 
heavy fall of snow blocked the roads 
80 that many Patrons were unable 
to attend. The Reports of Subordi- 
nate Granges showed a net gain of 
eleven members, as well as increased 
interest in Grange work. 

The County Treasurer gave an in- 
teresting talk on "Where Your Money 
Goes." This was followed by an ad- 
dress by the Worthy State Master, 
who stressed the importance of know- 
ing where the money comes from and 
who pays the bills. 

The evening session was open to 
the public and consisted of music and 
a one act play, which was greatly 
enjoyed. 



THE LAST HALF 

As this issue of Grange News 
reaches you, we will have started on 
the last half of the Grange year. The 
reports received up to March 15th 
were gratifying indeed. They show 
a very decided improvement in Grange 
work, but are not yet what we want. 

The National Master is asking us 
to make a net gain in membership of 
fifteen hundred, and to organize ten 
Subordinate and fifteen Juvenile 
Granges. This means a lot of hard 
work and personal effort for each and 
every member. 

During the first half two Subordi- 
nate, and five Juvenile Granges were 
organized. This means that we will 
have to double our efforts to reach 
the goal that has been set. We expect 
to organize at least three new Granges 
in Franklin County and two in 
Adams. This will leave three to be 
organized in the other counties of the 
State. 

I want the support of every Deputy, 
State and Pomona, in carrying out 
this work. If there is a community in 
your county that needs a Grange, let 



The Telephone Increases 
her egg and poultry profits 



a A Bell System Advertisement 

The telephone is used by a farmer's 
wife near Orleans, Ind., to get the 
highest prices for eggs. At certain 
times the prices paid by dealers in 
her neighborhood vary as much as 
15 cents a dozen. By telephoning to 
a number of them and discovering 
where the highest price is to be had, 
she frequently realizes an added 
weekly profit of $2. or more. She 
also finds the telephone profitable 
in getting orders for eggs to be 
hatched, and in buying feed and 
supplies with the greatest saving 
of time and money. 



The telephone also gives valu- 
able aid in getting the highest 
prices for livestock, grain, fruit 
and vegetables through co-opera- 
tive marketing associations or local 
markets. It can always be depended 
on to run errands about the coun- 
tryside, make social engagements, 
order farm and household supplies 
and summon help in cases of acci- 
dent or sickness. 

The modern farm home has a 
telephone that serves well every 
day of the year, rain or shioc. 





me know where it is and some one 
will be sent to help organize one. 
Make a survey at once and let me have 
the information. 

In making the net gain in member- 
ship we will not only look to the 
Deputies, but the Masters and mem- 
bers of each Grange. This is a work 
in which all can help. See how many 
of you can add at least one member to 
your Grange during the last half of 
this year. 

I ask you all to read carefully the 
Honor Roll which appears elsewhere 
in this issue. This gives you some 
idea of not only what can be done, 
but what has been done. Next month 
I would like to see that list doubled. 
We sing in the Grange, "There is no 
time like the present." I want our en- 
tire membership to realize the truth 
of that statement and go out and get 
new members and bring back those 
who have been dropped from the roll. 

Do not let the work on the farm, or 
cares of the household, prevent you 
from helping in the important work 
of building up your own Grange. Re- 
member that it is the Grange that 
makes life on the farm possible and 
gives to the home a sense of security 
and form of protection, that could not 



be obtained from any similar organ- 
ization. 

In building your Grange you are 
building a home for the community, 
the same as you build a home for your 
family. The time and money you 
expend in building up your Grange, 
will make for a cleaner and more 
wholesome life in your community, 
and return to you a hundredfold. 

Fraternally yours, 

E. B. Dorsett. 



Caii Washers 

for farms, dairir* ind crram 
■taiiont. Practical, Economical. 
Steams and iterilizet dairy equip- 
menm perfectly. Twomodrit: Thia 
illutiration ihowi the imaller size 
No. 2. Request Particulars. 
Pmrm Mff . C*,. RaUMil 

U. 8. Patent Ko. 1783321 




m\ 




ornsSsiS! 



Ari»r ufting TOMELLCM PASTE on 
calves up to2monthaold. An •••y and 
••#• way to do away with d«n(*roua horns. 
On* •ppli<>ation tnam^h. No bi««ding. aor»- 
or tcara. Kmlora^d by county afcnU, Ko*po 
intf«ftnit«ly. Bottle aufAeicnt for 50 ealvM. St.OS 
^•otpaM. At 4*al*r« or 4\r*A by moil from 

T9MCUEII€t..l«HW,G^U€0 ROGX.AIKAMlASi 



Page 6 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1931 I April, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 7 



FABMEKS AND FLORISTS 
ARE WARNED ABOUT CLAIMS 
OF UNSCRUPULOUS AGENTS 

The attention of farmers and plant 
growers throughout the Common- 
wealth is called to the activity of a 
certain lot of unscrupulous agents for 
the sale of insecticides. 

"These agents are making claims 
which are wholly without foundation," 
the Department states, "The story told 
is pretty much the same in all lo- 
calities. Regardless of the crop being 
produced by the grower, and the in- 
sects and plant diseases to be con- 
trolled, approximately the same 
recommendations are made, namely, 
that if one gallon of a certain mixture 
which the representative has for sale 
is added to one hundred gallons of 
water and sprayed or sprinkled over 
the surface of one acre of the soil to 
be put to the crop or trees, all future 
operations intended toward the con- 
trol of insect pests or plant diseases 
can safely be dispensed with for a 
given season. There is no such remedy 
known, and anyone who stops to think 
for a moment will see the ridiculous- 
ness of such a statement, and no 
claims of such unscrupulous persons 
should induce a grower to be taken in 
by such unsound recommendations. 

"The Nation and the State would 
indeed welcome such an piffentive spray 
material if it could be conclusively 
and officially demonstrated to meet 
fully the claims these agents make. 

"If approached by agents making 
such claims, get in touch with your 
county agricultural agent or with any- 
one in whom you have confidence and 
whom you know to have a thorough 
knowledge of the control of plant 
pests. The Pennsylvania Department 
of Agriculture will welcome any infor- 
mation relative to the operations of 
these unscrupulous persons." 




TINTED OLEO RULED UN- 
LAWFUL IN PENNSYLVANIA 

The Pennsylvania Oleomargarine 
Law 8i)ecifical]y prohibits the sale and 
even the storage or possession of any 
oleomargarine whatsoever, which is 
slightly tinted yellow, thus resembling 
a light colored butter. 

"A recent ruling of the U. S. In- 
ternal Revenue Collector classified 
yellow tinted oleomargarine as being 
exempt from a government tax. This 
makes it possible for the same to be 
sold in interstate commerce in those 
states which have no oleomargarine 
law. This ruling, however, cannot 
possibly change the provisions of the 
Pennsylvania Law as it would not 
even permit transportation of colored 
oleomargarine through the Common- 
wealth. Any person, therefore, found 
having in possession or attempting to 
sell yellow tinted oleomargarine, will 
be held responsible for the full penalty 
provided. 

"Attempts have been made to dis- 
pose of this colored product in com- 
petition with butter in Pennsylvania, 
the supply being transported across 
the line from other states. The food 
agents of the Department have been 
instructed to make a thorough can- 
vass of all districts in order to prevent 
the sale of this tinted oleomargarine, 
and to take action against any person 
found handling this unlawful product. 

"A special check-up is being given 
to all oleomargarine sales in order to 
make sure that not only tinted ship- 
ments may be prevented from coming 
into the Commonwealth, but that 
every one making sales holds a proper 
license." 



A. B. Farquhar celebrates its 76th 
anniversary. 



43,508 DAIRY CATTLE 

IMPORTED INTO STATE 

Pennsylvania does not breed and 
raise a sufficient number of dairy and 
breeding cattle to meet demands with- 
in the Commonwealth, according to 
the Bureau of Animal Industry, Penn- 
sylvania Department of Agriculture. 
During 1930, 43,508 dairy cattle were 
imported, while only 6,861 were ex- 
ported. This movement of dairy 
cattle, whether local, statewide or in- 
terstate, creates many problems in 
tuberculosis eradication work and has 
prompted the Bureau of Animal In- 
dustry to issue the following state- 
ment: 

"Tuberculosis is usually spread by 
direct contact and by feeding young 
cattle infected milk. When the dis- 
ease is introduced into non-infected 
districts the tendency is to spread in 
proportion to the cattle traffic. A com- 
mon way by which herds become in- 
fected is by adding diseased animals. 
In the sections of Pennsylvania where 
the interchange of cattle is limited 
the extent of the disease is slight in 
comparison to the section where many 
interchanges are made in the herds 
and where practically no breeding and 
raising of cattle is followed, straight 
dairying being practiced. 

"Results thus far obtained indicate 
that it is less difficult to establish and 
jnaintain tuberculosis-free herds under 
the individual and Area Plans in sec- 
tions of the Commonwealth where the 
owners raise a sufficient number of 
cattle to supply their demands than in 
other areas. Therefore, one of the 
very important phases in connection 
with establishing and maintaining tu- 
berculosis-free herds of cattle is to 
protect the tested herds and areas 
from outside infection. 

"Owners are urged to purchase cat- 
tle to establish tuberculosis-free herds 
or as additions to their herds, from 
accredited herds, modified accredited 
areas or from herds credited with at 
least one negative test under the In- 
dividual Accredited Herd Plan or 
Modified Accredited Area Plan. 

"Purchasers of such cattle should 
insist that an officially approved tuber- 
culin test chart be furnished foj each 
animal, giving tag number, descrip- 
tion of animal, the name, address and 
township of the former owner. Such 
chart will serve as a means of identi- 
fication for each animal and be evi- 
dence that cattle were previously 
tuberculin tested under Federal and 
State supervision. 

"Your veterinarian will be pleased 
to assist you to obtain test chart and 
approved certificate from Bureau Dis- 
trict Agent in Charge or the Bureau 
of Animal Industry at Harrisburg." 



L. H. WIBLE RETIRES 

FROM DEPARTMENT POST 

Lewis H. Wible, director of the Bu- 
reau of Statistics in the Pennsylvania 
Department of Agriculture, retired on 
February 28, after more than 21 years 
of continuous service in the employ of 
the Commonwealth. 

A native of Fulton County, Mr. 
Wible taught school there for 14 years, 
and later served for several years as 
Justice of the Peace, and a member of 
the school board, before accepting an 
appointment as appropriation clerk in 
the State Treasury. He was soon pro- 
moted to corporation clerk, serving 
until 1913, when he was ^elected to or- 
ganize and direct the Bureau of 
Statistics, in the Department of Agri- 
culture. In this capacity Mr. Wiole 
developed one of the most complete 
and useful agricultural statistical 
services to be found in any State. 

"The Department of Agriculture is 
fortunate in having had in its service 



for so long a period, a man of Mr. 
Wible's outstanding character, integ- 
rity and ability," Secretary of Agri- 
culture, John A. McSparran said 
when many of the employes of the 
Department were assembled recently 
to present Mr. and Mrs. Wible with 
tokens of friendship and affection. 



HEALTH MESSAGE 

A beautiful old hymn says, "On the 
margin of the river, lay we all our 
burdens down." A great many indi- 
viduals live on too narrow a margin 
of health and energy. One says, "Give 
me four or five hours sleep and I will 
be all right." He thinks he will; 
everybody else knows he is all wrong. 
Late hours show in his face, the tired 
brain in defective work. The results 
show others promoted, while he stays 
where he is or goes back. 

Sleep on too narrow margin, has 
ruined thousands, not only the self-in- 
dulgent and dissipated but some of 
the world's greatest minds. To the 
man who travels on too narrow a 
margin of sleep, you can add the nar- 
row margin walkers of « dozen other 
follies. The man who eats or drinks, 
foolishly, saying, "It won't hurt me, I 
know how to stop," is cutting down 
his chances of success, by cutting 



down his strength. His margin is too 
narrow. 

The whole of life is so regimented 
and prescribed by time clocks and fac- 
tory whistles and all the other stimuli 
of an efficient civilization, that en- 
ergies are exhausted in trying to keep 
step. Trains that must be caught, 
appointments that must be kept, acta 
that must be performed, — are calling 
for our attention. A typewriter is in- 
vented, and the very facility which it 
creates, tempts us to write or dictate 
a thousand needless letters which in- 
spire a thousand needless replies. 

There is in our life a zest, a glow 
of accomplishment, — busy with tele- 
phoning, with correspondence, rjishing 
to a subway, a railway, from one ap- 
pointment to another, the drive for 
money and the excitements which 
money supplies, — which is certainly 
not conducive to orderly and repose- 
ful living. — E. J. 



Inspect Garden Tools. — Make an 
inventory of your garden tools. Re- 
pair and replace broken or missing 
parts. Kerosene wil4 help to remove 
rust, and a coat of oil will insure 
against further attacks. A wheel hoe 
added to the equipment will pay for 
itself the first season. 



Use PRECIPITATED LIME-MARL for Biggest and Best Crops 

This lime is already precipitated, and therefore available at once in the soil, send brings 
quick and full results. It is almost pure carbonate of lime, dry, finely ground and nice to 
handle — the best lime you can use. Moderate cost. Write for prices and descriptive folder. 

Natural Lime-Marl Company, Roanoke, Virginia 

(2 plant! at Charles Town, W. Va., B. & 0. R7.) 



PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY 

DO YOU WANT PAINT ? 



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and in continuous use by Members of the Order ever since. 

Buy Direct, Save Middlemen's Profit 

ArHrW°?i«Hf ?H^^^^ PAINT-DIRECT from us. the manufacturer, in accordance with 
BEST 0?TA?TTV piiVT Fw^^^fn" ?' °^ ^"-r IZ^^^^t P''^^ *^« FACTORY PRICE for the 
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?ht^^n«S I^T. ?".?^5 ^y^^^T °^ P»^°* ** 0^^ ^OW FACTORY PRICE, because- 
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fwrtF^/yoA^PAivlfl^^m ^ l-^^^ *^^"«X^^ ^«**" ^^*«« o^ low-grade paints, and because 
INOERSOLL PAINTS will give you TWICE the service. Dealers and Mail-Order Stores 

llli^^Tr. Un* °'^. ^v '^'^ paints— ONLY AT THE EXPENSE OF QUALITY. Any apparent 
saving in first co«t by using cheap paints sold at Retail will be LOST MANY TIMES OVER 
>,.i?V'P'?" ''^ ^^F**^^^I^E^A^NTING. Don't waste money. INGERSOLL PAINTS 
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The Lecturers Corner 

By Howard G. Eisaman, State Lecturer 



i 



MIDDLE ATLANTIC GRANGE 

LECTURERS' CONFERENCE 

August 11, 12, 13 and 14, 1931, are 
days that hold much of promise for 
the Grange Lecturers and Patrons of 
Pennsylvania, New York, New Jer- 
sey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia 
and West Virginia, as these dates 
mark the time of holding the Fifth 
Annual Session of the Middle At- 
lantic Grange Lecturers' Conference 
at College Park, Maryland, with the 
University of Maryland as host. 

Growing interest and enthusiasm 
for the Middle Atlantic Conference, 
coupled with the fact of two addi- 
tional participating State Granges, 
promises well for the largest gather- 
ing of Grange Lecturers ever assem- 
bled in the Middle Atlantic States, 
and that the Pennsylvania delegation 
shall be larger than ever is assured 
by the fact that there will be no 
other conflicting Summer Conference, 
as has been the case in former years. 

As College Park, Maryland, is lo- 
cated only a distance of eight miles 
from the National Capital at Wash- 
ington, D. C, many Pennsylvania 
Patrons and Lecturers in attending 
this C(>nference are going to realize 
a long cherished dream of visiting the 
Nation's Capitol. Ample time and 
opportunity will be provided for vis- 
iting the historic and interesting 
places in and around Washington. 
The afternoon of August 13th will be 
devoted to a directed tour of Wash- 
ington. Special busses will be pro- 
vided, and under the direction of 
competent guides, the delegates will 
visit the interesting spots. In the 
evening of this day a picnic supper 
(with no additional cost) will be 
served in the Washington Zoological 
Garden Park. Following the supper, 
an open air conference session will be 
held. 

On the afternoon of August 14th 
there will be conducted tours to Mt. 
Vernon, Annapolis Naval Academy 
and the Beltzville Experimental 
Farms, the largest experimental farm 
in America. Imagine the thrill and 
the pleasure of a visit to the White 
House, to the halls of Congress, to 
the Congressional Library where you 
may witness many original historic 
documents, such as the Declaration 
of Independence, the Constitution of 
the United States, the first draft of 
Lincoln's Gettysburg address, the 
Gutenberg Bible, etc. ; to the Smith- 
sonian Institute where you may wit- 
ness the flag that waved over the 
ramparts of Fort McHenry that 
eventful night, and inspired the writ- 
ing of our National Anthem, "The 
Star Spangled Banner"; where you 
may also witness the trophies of the 
Rooseveltian African Expedition, the 
Spirit of St. Louis, that carried Lind- 
bergh on the first Trans-Atlantic 
Flight, and many other notable ex- 
hibits of historic interest; to Mt. 
Vernon, to Arlington, to Annapolis. 
It almost seems too good to be true. 
And the cost — it seems incredible — 
but here it is: Registration will con- 
tinue at the same low level — $1; 
Rooms — attractive, comfortable rooms 
in the College Dormitories at only 
fifty cents per day, (in the year 1931 
you can hardly believe it, can you?). 
Meals — good meals too, attractively 
served in the College Dining Com- 
mons, starting with supper on Mon- 
day, August 10th, and continuing un- 
til breakfast on Saturday, August 



15th, for only $5.50. This isn't 
"Crackles" speaking, but can you 
Imagine — living in Washington at 
such prices as these, and in company 
with such associates too. Those of 
you who have been attending the Mid- 
dle Atlantic Conference in years past 
will readily recall the many splendid 
folks who were there from our own 
State, as well as from Delaware, 
Maryland, New Jersey and New 
York. Well, the Grange folks from 
Virginia and West Virginia are just 
as wonderful and fine. Tell me, what 
Grange family in Pennsylvania can 
afford to stay at home on August 11, 
12, 13, and 14. This is the chance of 
a lifetime. 

Here is how you may finance this 
extraordinary vacation. Starting 
April 1st, and continuing until Au- 
gust 9th, save two and one-half eggs 
a day — yes, just ordinary hens' eggs — 
and even at the depressed price of 
twenty-four cents per dozen, you will 
have enough money to pay your bill 
at College Park, and seventeen cents 
left over for peanuts io feed the ele- 
phants and monkeys at the Zoologi- 
cal Park. Oh, you don't keep hens! 
Well, then, save the money from one 
pound of butter each week, and even 
at the low 1931 price of forty cents 
per pound you will have sufficient 
capital to meet your obligations and 
sixty cents left over for a lark, (not 
a bird species). Easy — eh, what? All 
right, lets go! 

A program is being prepared that 
will, in every way, measure up to the 
high program standards of former 
years. This program will not only 
have a special appeal to Grange Lec- 
turers, but it will also interest all 
(jrrange Patrons who are concerned 
with the advancement of the Grange 
and the development of a high stand- 
ard of rural life. Notable speakers 
and lecturers from many sections of 
the country will address the sessions. 
You will receive instructions in rural 
and community leadership, public 
speaking and debate. Grange proce- 
dure and law, program building, mu- 
sic, farm economics, dramatics, recre- 
ation, etc. 

One of the interesting features will 
be the interstate dramatic tourna- 
ment. Pennsylvania will be repre- 
sented in this tournament by Lenox 
Grange, Susquehanna County, with 
the play "She 'n Her Daughter." This 
is the play that won the sweepstakes 
for the State at the State Farm Prod- 
ucts Show, held at Harrisburg last 
January. This play is directed by 
the well-known Grange worker. Presi- 
dent of the Pomona Lecturers' Asso- 
ciation, Mrs. Walter P. Hoppe. 

Further detailed information and 
program will be published in subse- 
quent issue of Grange News. Re- 
member from now on the important 
dates are August 11, 12, 13 and 14. 
They are Red Letter Days — mark 
them thus on your calendar. And 
then send your registration to How- 
ard G. Eisaman, State Lecturer, 
East Springfield, Pa. 

Who will be first to register for the 
1931 Conference? I wonder 1 



POTTER COUNTY POMONA 

HAS INTERESTING CONTEST 

The following points and prizes as 
well as rules will guide. 

1. Attendance at each session of 
Pomona, 

Master, 5 points. 
Lecturer, 5 points. 
Two delegates, 3 points each. 
Members, 1 point. 

2. New members to Subordinate or 
Pomona, 5 points. 

3. Grange projects, 100 points each. 

1. For a Grange that puts on the 
Third and Fourth Degree, or a 
thirty-minute play, parts to be com- 
mitted to memory. 

2. To organize a Juvenile Grange. 

3. For attendance of two dele- 
gates at State Grange. 

4. To make Grange improve- 
ments to the amount of twenty-five 
dollars. 

5. To paint name and number on 
front of Grange Hall. 

4. Community projects, 100 points 
each. 

1. Painting name of town on roof 
of Hall or some other suitable 
building. 

2. Grange exhibit at local or 
home fair. 

3. To get all of voting members 
out to primaries or general election. 

4. To pay traveling expenses of 



vocational boy or girl to Farm Show 

at Harrisburg. 

5. To visit or entertain 25 per 

cent of twenty-five members of an- 
other Grange. 

Each Grange will get as many 
points' credit for Subordinate atten- 
dance as the percentage of attendance, 
which will be credited from the Sub- 
ordinate reports to Pomona. 

Prizes to be given: 

First, New sashes for officers. 

Second, Four dozen new badges for 
members. 

Third, Bible for Grange Altar. 



Note: One-half credit for enter- 
taining Grange, on attendance and 
new members. 



Improve Apple Trees. — Undesira- 
ble varieties of apples can be im- 
proved by grafting scions from good 
known varieties on them. Whip- 
grafting or tongue-grafting is recom- 
mended by Penn State fruit special- 
ists for top-working young trees or for 
root or stock grafting. 



The hotel clerk was astonished to 
see a guest parading through the 
foyer in a pair of pajamas. 

"Here, wliat are you doing?" 

The guest snapped out of it and 
apologized : 

"Beg ])jirdon ; I'm a somnambu- 
list." 

"Well," sneered the clerk, "you 
can't walk around here like that, no 
matter what your religion is." 



Every Adv. in Grange News de- 
serves answering. 



The 

Sure-Fire 

Protecti<m 

against 
Seed Pests 



Cw>-Tox 

Bird and Rodent Repellent 
Stops Birds Pulling Planted Seeds 

^ Treats all Smooth Surface Seeds <v. 

A few cents worth of Cro-Tox prevention uill save you days of work and dollars 
of loasee. Cro-Tox at the insignificant cost of itn c€ni% i>CT acrt, will absolutely 
insure you against loss of planted seeds, cost, time and labor of replanting. It takes 
but a few minutes to bird proof your seeds with Cro-Tox before planting. When 
treated with Cro-Tox corn, peas, beans, peanuts, cucumber, melon or other smooth 
surface seeds are protected against damage by crows, larks, starlings, black-birds, 
pheasants, etc., also against squirrels, wood-chucks, moles and other rodent pests. 
Cro-Tox prevents seed rot. 

CRO-TOX IS NON-POISONOUS 

It win not bshve —^m. It will not kill bird* 
or oalmolst It repels tlMm moat offffeetlvely. 
Cro-Tox troototf sooda will not olog tho ploator. 

What a Cro-Tox User Says — 

LocaUd in South Alabama, on the Florida liru, I raiat mart com than 
Possibly any other farmer in this section. For severed year* we have had 
much trouble unth birds and worms —frrincipally larks. The t>oji two 
years we have used Cro-Tox. and our trouUex with birds 
are ended. —H.L. Rarnsey, Atmore, AUu 



L 



Cro-Tox ia aold by Seed, Drug and Hardware stores. 

Price— )^^ pint (treats 1 bushel) $1.00;— I pint size (treats 
two bushels)— $1.50. 

Be sure to get the genuine— look for the name Cro-Tox. 
If your dealer cannot supply you, refuse substitutes, 
write us enclosing check or post o£Bce order. 

Made and Gttaranteed Vy 

BONIOE CHEMICAL CO., inc. 

UTICA, NSW YORK 





MILLER'S 



10 INCHES ACROSS 



VENTILATED 
PLANT PROTECTORS 

Means your plants may be set out 2 weeks earlier, 
protecting them from frost, insects, wind, etc. They 
are guarded against too much moisture, but protect the 
ground from forming a crust, the ground ia always 
cultivated under protectors. These protectors are 
11 inches high and 10 inches at base, giving the 
plant ample room to spread, especially adapted 
to Tomato plants that need plenty of room with- 
out crowding. They come flat and are easy to 
shapc'up. Made of watershed cardboard, with 
side ventilation. Special trial offer: 100 for 
^1.30; 250 for ^B.OO; 500 for ^5.50; 1000 for 
^9.50. Postpaid in Pennsylvania. 

MODERN MFG. COMPANY 

819 BELGRADE ST. PHILA., PA. 



Page 8 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1931 



April, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 9 



Pennsylvania Qrange News 

Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 

Rooms 426-30. Telegraph Building 

216 Locust St. Harrisburg. Pa. 

5 cents a copy. 50 cents a year. 



Vol. XXVIII 



April, 1931 



No. 1 



S. A. HABSHAW 



Board of Managers 

E. B. DORSETT, President 

H. D. ALLEBACH 



KENZIE BAGSHAW 



Editor, JOHN H. LIGHT, Harrisburg, Pa. 
to whom should be addressed all matters relating to news contributions, photographs, etc. 

Associate Editors 

HANNAH McK. LYONS, H. G. EISAMAN, 

Lincoln University, Pa. East Springfield, Pa. 

MORRIS LLOYD, Business Manager, 

Chambersburg, Pa., or, 216 Locust St., Harrisburg, Pa. 

to whom all matters relative to advertising, mailing list, pattern orders should be addressed. 

ADVERTISING is accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate line, or $3.50 per Inch, 
each insertion. New York representative, Norman Co., 34 West 33d Street. 



Our 1931 Objective 

THE goal set for Pennsylvania by the National Grange, for the year 
1931, includes a number of worth-while objectives. First, we are ex- 
pected to close the year with a membership of 75,000, and this alone is a 
very worth-while object. It is our belief that we can attain this object, and 
every Grange worker must work to that end. Judging from the number of 
application forms mailed from the Secretary's office, there is a widespread 
interest in the campaign to extend the bounds and the influence of the 
Grange. Other supplies have been moving equally fast, and altogether, the 
indications are that there is a prosperous year ahead. 

A second mark set for us is the organization of ten new Granges and 
fifteen Juvenile Granges. There remain in Pennsylvania large expanses of 
territory where the Grange is not organized, and the extension of the Order 
into these fields will easily win for us the ten coveted Granges. In fact, 
there should be double that number. And it seems to us that fifteen Juvenile 
Granges is a low mark for a year's work. 

In the competition for Honor Granges, the National Master and the 
National Secretary are asking us to return to the National Secretary's of- 
fice at least twenty Honor Grange reports during the present year. Every 
Grange should be an Honor Grange, and information concerning the qualifi- 
cations to be termed as an Honor Grange is available by addressing the 
headquarters at Harrisburg. A Kelley Day is emphasized for every Grange, 
and upon this day the challenge is given to us that every member should 
give a day's work to the Grange, for the benefit of the fraternity. Could we 
do this, every point above stated would easily be met. 

The last object is a Saunders Day, to be emphasized especially through- 
out the entire State. On this day, it is hoped that the Grange Halls and the 
Grange grounds will be beautified and adorned, and in a general way, it is 
presumed that this is to take the place of what we commonly call Arbor Day 
in sections where nothing more can be done than the planting of trees. 
However, it should cover a great deal more than the planting of a few trees. 
It should mean the general beautification and adornment of Grange prop- 
erties, whether they be buildings or ground plots, and it is hoped that there 
may be a general interest in all these goals. J. L. 



Grange fought the oleomargarine interests, and the law on our books in 
Pennsylvania is largely the effort of the Grange. The passage of the Brig- 
ham-Townsend Bill at Washington, is also to a large extent the work of oup 
National organization. Credit is due to all farm groups, but especially to the 
National Grange, and the service it has rendered to the dairy farmers in 
general is beyond measure. Every Grange should make this fact known to 
its members, as well as to those outside our group. Not only this, but the 
fight against the oleomargarine must be continued; and at no time must it 
be allowed to be sold for anything but what it actually is, and never under 
the guise of butter. Oleomargarine is the enemy of the butter and milk 
business and a warfare against its use for butter should be carried on by 
every Grange and every farmer in this country. J. L. 

Recent Grange Actions on 

Legislative Matters 



TO SHOW the interest of granges 
in general throughout the State, 
we publish herewith a wide range 
of resolutions indicating the alertness 
of our Subordinate and Pomona 
Granges. 

Washington County Pomona op- 
poses the Musmanno "Sunday" Bill. 

Whereas, As history shows that not only 
religion and morality, but also civil and re- 
ligious liberty are always promoted by a 
proper observance of the Christian Sabbath, 
therefore, be it 

Resolved, That Washington County Po- 
mona Grange. No. 16, are unalterably op- 
posed to any legislation that would tend to 
lessen the observance of this day of rest 
and worship. 

The Pomona Grange, No. 16, Washington 
County, Pennsylvania, therefore beseech our 
honorable senators and representatives in 
the General Assembly of Pennsylvania to de- 
feat all bills and entering wedges for an 
open Sunday, and we hereby authorize the 
earnest presentation of our protest to the 
Law and Order Committee of the House and 
the Senate, the Governor and others inter- 
ested. 



Penn Grange, Clearfield County, is 
on record, as follows: 

Resolved, That Penn Grange urge the 
Legislative Committee of Pennsylvania State 
Grange to prepare and have presented to 
the Legislature now in session a bill drawn 
in accordance with the recommendation of 
State Grange at the Pottsville session to 
amend the School Code so that the State ap- 
propriation to districts will be distributed in 
a more equitable manner and in accordance 
with the needs of the several districts. 



election boards in the State by the Secretary 
of the Commonwealth. This measure is but 
one more step towards centralizing all the 
power of the common people and putting that 
power in the hands of a few politicians at 
Harrisburg. It takes away the rights of the 
free-born American citizen and voter. 



Fidelity Grange, Fulton County, is 
solidly backing the governor, as fol- 
lows: 

Whereas, The economic policies promul- 
gated during the last campaign by Oifford 
Pinchot were endorsed by a majority of the 
voters. 

Whereas. We believe that the success of 
these policies would be for the best inter- 
ests of the taxpayers of our county and 
State. Therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we pledge our loyal sup- 
port to Governor Pinchot in his efforts to 
have these policies enacted into law, and we 
request our members of the Legislature to 
back up the Governor at all times. 



The Milk Surplus 

EVERY dairyman, and, in fact, every farmer in Pennsylvania has been 
concerned with the milk surplus for at least a period of six months. 
We have been told to curtail our production, or in other words to pro- 
duce less, and while this has been heeded in many cases, the prices of butter 
and milk have continued to drop. It seems to us that we must look else- 
where for the remedy, in part, at least. It is believed by many that the 
remedy does not lie alone in curtailment of production, but that there are 
causes outside of the dairyman's problems. It was generally believed that 
the dairymen of this country lost at least a million dollars a day, when the 
Commissioner of Internal Revenue, at Washington, permitted colored oleo- 
margarine to pass without the tax of ten cents per pound, and we should 
like to venture the assertion that the oleomargarine trade and business that 
has grown to such vast importance is more of a cause of cheaper butter and 
a low milk price than anything else. In Pennsylvania we have a law that 
prohibits the sale of colored oleomargarine, but in other states no such law 
exists, and when the Commissioner of Internal Revenue allowed oleomar- 
garine that was colored vnth cocoanut and palm oils to come in without a 
tariff tax, it immediately played havoc with the butter and milk prices. 
More than a decade ago, under the leadership of Brother Creasy, the 



Cumberland County Pomona op- 
poses the Chattel Mortgage Bill in the 
following terms: 

Whereas, The drought relief bill as 
passed by Congress is not applicable to the 
counties In Pennsylvania classed as In the 
relief area because there is no law permit- 
ting chattel mortgages in this State, and 

Whereas, Because of this situation there 
is a movement to enact a chattel mortgage 
law at this time, and 

Whereas, We believe such a law is most 
injurious to the people who avail themselves 
of its possibility to give Hens on their crops 
and chattels. Therefore, be it 

Resolved, That Cumberland County Po- 
mona Grange is opposed to a law permitting 
the making of chattel mortgages in Penn- 
sylvania. 



Jefferson County Pomona is op- 
posed to creating the office of Con- 
troller, and expresses itself as follows : 

Resolved, That this Pomona Grange be 
and is hereby opposed to the Senate Bill 
creating a new political office for Jefferson 
County, that of the offlce of Controller, 
whose salary is fixed at $2,500 a year. The 
taxpayers are already burdened with enough 
elective and appointive ofBces. The office of 
controller is a useless one and only adds to 
the taxpayers' increasing burdens. 

Resolved, That this Ponoma be and Is 
hereby opposed to that part of the new 
election code which takes away the peoples' 
right to elect the election boards. The new 
code provides for the appointment of all 



Berwick Grange endorses the ad- 
ministration program, as follows: 

Resolved, That we whole-heartedly en- 
dorse the legislative program of Governor 
Pinchot and ask you to support the wishes 
of a majority of voters of the State of Penn- 
sylvania at the November election. 



Jefferson County Pomona passed 
the following: 

That we urge for a strict enforcement of 
our laws relating to the manufacture, sale 
and use of all narcotics, cigarettes, tobacco 
and alcoholic beverages. 

That we favor the continuance of the 
present system of township management Id 
regard to election of school directors and 
school-teachers, valuation of property for 
taxation purposes, and the collection of all 
taxes, Instead of taking the power from 
local districts as some legislators have at 
various times proposed. 

That we uphold Govenor Pinchot in hli 
road program for township roads, to build 
the roads out of gasoline tax money and 
not tax the lands for that purpose. 

That we stand by Governor Pinchot in his 
fight for a square deal for the public as re- 
lating to the public utilities. 

That the Ponoma Grange ask the legisla- 
tive representatives of this district to favor 
legislation that would make the Game Com- 
mission liable for any damage done by deer 
to farm crops or to the travelling public, 
and also that the Game Commission be re- 
quired to provide food for the deer in the 
wild lands by improving the soil and plant- 
ing feed crops, where these deer might feed 
unmolested and thus avoid much farm crop 
destruction and automobile accidents. 

That we uphold the Governor In his 
school program in regard to the increase of 
the appropriation to rural school districts. 

Believing that the State should pay as 
much tax per acre for land owned by the 
State as does the private owner of similar 
lands, we urge our district legislative repre- 
sentatives to help bring such action before 
the Legislature, for wherever the State pur- 
chases lands the townships in which the land 
Is located are thus deprived of school taxes 
which were formerly paid by the former pri- 
vate owner. 



Berks County Pomona is on record 
as follows: 

Whereas, The custom of many cities and 
municipalities of adopting time other than 
Eastern Standard time during part of the 
year, works an extreme hardship on all 
farmers, and dairy farmers in particular, 
and 

Whereas, A large measure of this hard- 
flhip Is due to the extra early collection of 
milk by trucks and railroads, and 

Whereas, This can be overcome by co- 
operation of dealers, carriers, and farmers 
In collecting milk at the same Eastern 
Standard time all the year, Be it 

Rmnlvpd, That we the members of Grange 
assembled unanimously favor the foregoing 
rpsolutlon and strongly favor the Standard 
Time. 



THE GOLDEN 

SHEAF CERTIFICATES 

As announced in the March issue 
of Grange News, application forms 
for Golden Sheaf Certificates are now 
available and requests can be filled 
by Grange Headquarters, 428 Tele- 
graph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Members of the Grange with a 
membership of fifty consecutive years 
are eligible and should be reported on 
the above forms. Rules and informa- 
tion form a part of the application 
form. 



TREES SAVE THE NATION 

(Suitable for Saunders Day.) 

^'Reforestation is the foundation of 
all conservation," is the text of the 
sermon preached by the Conservation 
Department. The products of the 
forest are essential to national wel- 
fare. France has had a forest policy 
for two centuries providing for use of 
the forest on the basis of continuous 
production, restricting cutting, re- 
quiring replanting. Germany has a 
policy much the same. Scandinavian 
countries are noted for their forest 
protection. The Near East and China 
without a forest policy are practically 
without forests. We need a national 
forest policy because our future de- 
pends upon it. It has been predicted 
that without reforestation our forests 
within forty years shall have disap- 
peared. Forests in the United States 
have been more than one-half cut 
down. Timberlands of the East were 
the first to be cut, the best of the hard 
and soft woods of New York, New 
England, then Pennsylvania, fell be- 
fore the axe, during the last 150 years. 
What happened on the Atlantic was 
repeated in the Middle West. Now it 
is necessary to draw the major por- 
tion of the country's supply from the 
far Western and Southern States. 
Your handsome fir doors come from 
Oregon. Your white pine from Geor- 
gia. Where has our lumber gone? 
Every step of the forward march of 
man has been made possible by trees. 
Three thousand ties go to a mile of 
railroad. Five million trees every 
year stand up under telegraph and 
telephone wires. Tq mining there 
must be mining props of wood. It 
takes sixteen acres of spruce trees to 
make paper for one Sunday edition 
of a metropolitan newspaper. 

' ' See the forest on the hill 
Destined for the paper mill. 
Pause among those woodland scenes, 
Here are future magazines. 
Observe that pine against the sky, 
That is "Harper's" for July! 
.And that hemlock in the canyon, 
That's the "Woman's Home Compan- 
ion'M 

The yearly losses by fire are tremen- 
dous. Two hundred thousand known 
kinds of insects take their toll. One 
tree makes 1,000,000 matches. Ope 
match can set fire to 1,000,000 trees, 
and well we realize the effect of 
blight on our noble chestnuts, white 
blister on the pines. Two-thirds of 
the forest drain is lost in the manu- 
facturing and use. Thirteen and one- 
half per cent of the American lot is 
wasted in sawdust. Sweden does 
much better, only 8 per cent of the log 
in sawdust. All along the line there 
is waste which must be checked, and 
there is a way. Fifty-four years ago 
the United States Government took 
the first step in forestry. Then for- 
estry reforestation, forest fires pre- 
vention and forest research meant 
little to the editors of our newspapers. 
To-day they are aroused to the issue 
and influencing public opinion. Fifty 
years ago there was not a trained for- 
ester in the United States. There are 
now colleges and universities with 
well equipped schools of forestry 
which graduate men intensively 
trained in the science of forestry. 
There are to-day millions of acres 
within our National Forests, pro- 
tected, cut with a view to the future. 
Thirty-three states have organized 
Forestry Departments supplementing 
the national work of the United 
States Forest Service. Lumbermen 
are practicing forestry on their pri- 
vate lands. Utilities corporations are 
doing the same. Research is showing 
how wood may be treated to be pre- 
served and how it can be utilized to 
the best advantage. 



New York is to-day far in the lead 
in the nation's wide reforestation pro- 
gram. Cultivated in nurseries are 
cedars, pines, spruces, balsams. For 
two years the seedlings remain in 
their beds, then are graduated into the 
three-year transplants. Set and in 
long lines they look like rows of green 
French knots. One thousand trees 
planted to the acre. While hitherto 
the markets of the world have been 
searched for necessary seeds, the seeds 
from our native forests are now being 
collected. Pine seed hunting has be- 
come a new industry. Men, women 
and children, many of them Indians, 
in Northern Minnesota, comb the for- 
ests for white pine cones from which 
the seed will be extracted and used 
to reforest large areas in the Eastern 
United States. There are three meth- 
ods of gathering the cones, — the easi- 
est, most popular, that of robbing the 
"red squirrel hordes," yielding a 
bushel or more in one spot! 

It is estimated there are in the 
United States 81,000,000 acres of idle 
land which must be put to work grow- 
ing trees. With up-to-date equipment, 
with the aid of the airplane in plant- 
ing, spraying, assisting in fighting 
fires, with the intelligent care of "the 
ever watchful, efficient rangers," or- 
ganized forces, with systematic set- 
ting out so that each tree has its full 
chance at the sunlight and ample 
space to grow, — the forests may be 
renewed for posterity. 



Berks County Pomona Grange, 
No. 43 

The Berks County Ponoma Grange, 
No. 43, held its quarterly meeting in 
the hall of the Geigertown Grange on 
March 7th. An all-day session was 
held. The meeting was opened by 
Ponoma Master George Schuler, in 
the fifth degree. 

The day was ideal and a very large 
attendance from the different subor- 
dinate granges of the county were 
present. The Pomona feels very 
highly honored in the fact that one 
of their members, Mr. George Schu- 
ler, now Past Master, has been at the 
head of the grange for the last four 
years, and previous to that has been 
Overseer for four years, has been 
elected and duly installed as Over- 
seer of State Grange at our last State 
Grange meeting at Pottsville. 

The officers of Ponoma were in- 
stalled by State Overseer George W. 
Schuler, assisted by Brother and Sis- 
ter Kohler. 

Delegates from Montgomery, Lan- 
caster, and York Counties attended 
the meeting. 

Grange deputies, Mr. George 
Schaeffer, Kutztown; Mr George 
Zerr, Geigertown; and Mr. Warren 
Blatt, Centerport. 

An invitation was presented by Mr. 
Shaum, to have our next meeting at 
Marion, the first Saturday in June. 

Rev. Ruth, a member of the House 
of Representatives at Harrisburg, 
gave a report of what was going on in 
the Legislature. 

Six applicants presented themselves 
for the fifth degree. They were obli- 
gated by Past Master C. R. Bagen- 
stose, Centerport. 

Masters of subordinate granges con- 
stitute Fair Committee. 

Important Resolutions Passed 

1. Resolved, That Pomona Orange, No. 43, 
goes on record as opposing all forms cen- 
tralization of power In government, such as 
abolishing local township offices. 

2. Resolved, That Pomona Orange, No. 43, 
goes on record strenuously opposing all 
forms of Daylight Saving. 

3. Resolved, That we endorse the Gover- 
nor's 20,000-mile road program and his 
stand on public utilities. 

4. Resolved, That Pomona Orange. No. 43, 
is strenuously opposed to the use of butter 
and milk substitutes In public Institutions 
and private homes. 



LYCOMING POMONA, NO. 28 

A largely attended meeting of Ly- 
coming County Pomona Grange was 
held on Thursday, March 6th, guests 
of Clinton Grange, No. 801, in St. 
John's Lutheran church, on Muncy- 
Montgomery Road. 

The morning session was devoted 
to the regular business. Roll call of 
officers, followed by prayer, and as- 
sembly singing. Reports of Subordi- 
nate Granges. The attendance ban- 
ner went to Unityville Grange, No. 
1720, Pomona accepted an invitation 
to meet with Limestone Grange, No. 
909, in June, at Oval. 

Following the dinner hour. Past 
State Deputy Lillian Michael, assisted 
by Mrs. Inez Persun, Marshal; Mrs. 
Charles Ault, Regalia Bearer; and 
Mrs. Herman Wertman, Emblem 
Bearer, installed the Pomona officers. 
Mrs. J. R. Ebner presided at the 
piano. 

A resolution was presented that 
was unanimously adopted. 

*^ Resolved, That we, the Lycoming 
County Grange, assembled the 5th day 
of March, 1931, desire to endorse a 
bill to have the State take over and 
maintain 20,000 more miles of Town- 
ship Highway as suggested by Gover- 
nor Pinchot. 

Be it further resolved. That this 
resolution be spread upon the Pomona 
minutes and a copy be sent to each of 
the members of Assembly and State 
Senator from Lycoming County and 
urge them to support the same." 

The Pomona Master, H. A. Snyder, 
instructed in the new fifth degree 
password. 

A literary program also marked the 
afternoon session. 

Piano duet by Mrs. J. R. Ebner, and 
Mrs. L. D. Sedam; reading, Mrs. J. C. 
Thomas; brief talk, "As the Farmer 
Sees it," by F. F. Metzger, followed 
by C. L. Thomas. Mrs. R. E. Ponot. 




Now and then come letters to your 
business manager which contain en- 
couraging words ; and in view of this, 
I am making a copy of a few which 
bring joy to the one whose duty it is 
to spend most of his time in soliciting. 

In remitting a contribution of five 
dollars, to be applied to the publish- 
ing fund of Grange News, the treas- 
urer of Philadelphia Grange, No. 646, 
writes : 

"The enclosed check from our Qrange Is 
for the worth-while organ of our Order. We 
wish the publication every success." 

Many thanks, brother. 

Brother Earl Swartz, of Millers- 
town, Pa., vnrites the business man- 
ager of Grange News as follows: 

"You may carry my adv. in the April 
issue also. I want to thank you for what 
you did to my adv. in the way of display ; 
shows up good, and I am having good re- 
sults." 

Mignon Quaw Lott, of Baton Rouge, 
La., sends copy for a 2-inch adv., to 
be inserted in our April issue, which 
appears elsewhere. Her comment is 
encouraging, to wit: 

"1 tind an excellent response from thU 
advertising I have done and I wish to keep 
it up." 



Read every advertisement. 



FrvB Steps to Success. — Good seed, 
thorough preparation of the soil at the 
proper time, rotation of crops, use of 
lime as needed, and liberal fertilisa- 
tion are five sure stepping stones to 
profitable crop production. 

Choose Right Trees. — Select varie- 
ties of apple trees suitable for your 
location if replants, fillers, or per- 
manent trees are to be set next spring. 
Market demands for apples also 
should be considered. 



Pennsylvania State Grange 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY 

PRICE LIST OP SUPPLIES 

Grange Seals $5 . 00 

Digest CO 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, per set of 9 3 . 00 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, single copy 40 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 4.00 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 3 . 25 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy 85 

Constitution and By-Laws 10 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony 10 

Song Books, "The Patron," board covers, cloth, single copy or less than 

half dozen 60 

per dozen 6 . 00 

per half dozen 3 . 00 

Dues Account Book 75 

Secretary *s Record Book 70 

Treasurer 's Account Book 70 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange to Pomona, per hundred 1.00 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 25 85 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 100 3 .25 

Roll Book 75 

Application Blanks, per hundred 50 

Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred 00 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty 85 

Notice of Arrearage, per hundred 40 

Notice of Suspension, per hundred 40 

Secretary 's Receipts, per hundred .-rv 45 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred 40 

Treasurer 's Receipts 40 

Trade Cards, per hundred 50 

Demit Cards, each 01 

Withdrawal Cards, each 01 

Better Degree Work, by S. H. Holland 2 . 00 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer Whitehead) 10 

Book of Patriotic Plays, Tableaux and Recitations 35 

Humorous Recitations, Poetry and Prose 36 

A Brief History of the Grange Movement in Pennsylvania, by W. P. HiU . . .80 
Grange Hall Plans SO 

In ordering any of the above supplies, the cash must always accompany the 
order. The Secretary is not authorized to open accounts. 

Remittances should be made by Postal Money Orders, Checks, or Registered 
Letter. Orders for supplies must bear the Seal of the Grange for which ordered. 

By order of Executive Committee, 

John H. Light, Secretary, 
Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



Page 10 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1931 



Home Economics 
Committee 
V 
Mrs. Georgia M. Piolctt 
Mrs. Furman Gyger 
Miss Charlotte E. Ray 
Mrs. Charlotte Ruppin 
Mrs. Clara C. Phillips 



WOMAN'S WORK 

IN THE 

HOME AND GRANGE 

By Home Economics Comm.ittee 



Please address all communications 
concerning Home Economics to 
Georgia M. Piolett, Chairman, To- 
wanda, Pa. 



April 



The motto for this month: 
"Smile a while: 
While you smile 
Another smiles, 
And soon there are miles 
And miles 
Of smiles; 

And life's worth while 
If you but smile." 



There's life alone in duty done, 
And rest alone in striving." 

— Whittier. 



Subject for May: 

Mothers — Mothers' Day. Pioneer 
mothers, mothers of great men, mod- 
ern mothers. The H. E. Com. will 
welcome short articles on any of these 
topics. Let this month's page be a 
contributers page. Articles must be 
in to the chairman, Georgie M. Piol- 
let, Towanda, Pa., by the 15th of 
April. 



Rules for a pageant commemorat- 
ing the two hundredth anniversary 
of the birth of George Washington — 
$10.00 will be given for the best pag- 
eant or program on the subject. 

It must be suitable to give in a 
Grange Hall, accurate in historical 
fact. Pennsylvania is rich in histori- 
cal lore. Remember Valley Forge. 
Must be in the hands of the judges 
by Nov. 1, 1931. Judges to be an- 
nounced later. Suggestions on pag- 
eant as prepared by State College are 
available through the local Extension 
Office. Get in touch with these of- 
ficers for necessary arrangements. 



During the last few years a num- 
ber of new vegetables have been in- 
troduced in the Eastern markets, such 
as, Florence Fennel, Italian Squash, 
(or Cocozella), Swiss chard, etc. The 
most important, and at the same time 
the most palatable one appears to me 
to be "Broccoli." 

Broccoli belongs to the cabbage 
family, and should be treated exactly 
like cabbage plants ; only be sure you 
get the "sprouting" Broccoli, for there 
are two widely different varieties, and 
the other kind will not mature here. 

Broccoli makes several heads in its 
growth; these heads are clusters of 
flowers, or rather, buds. While these 
heads are still green and solid, that 
is, before they open into little yellow 
flowers, cut them with a good portion 
of the stem, free them from all leaves, 
and cut into nice even lengths. Broc- 
coli is one of the few vegetables that 



Foot Exerciser and Arch Corrector 




b'xmd circulRtii»n. relieves the pressure on 
pinched nerx-eti. will limber up the toe 
artloo and makes the feet feel as tf new 
llf« had come back iato them HKatn. The 
price is 16.50. poctuffe paid. (Pktent 
PendlBff. ) 



44S 



P. H. BERGAN 

W. Onmc* St.. Lancaster, Pa. 



is better when cooked in plenty of 
salt water. Lift them carefully from 
the kettle, and arrange them on the 
platter like asparagus, the heads all 
pointing one way. Then pour over 
them melted butter or cream sauce. 
About ten days after cutting, the 
plants will produce nice side sprouts, 
which can be cut and used in the same 
way, and this continues until frost 
sets in. 



FROM TROY GRANGE 

In reply to your question under 
the heading "Here and There," will 
answer as follows: 

The chief qualities necessary for 
home making are general good health, 
love for home making, will power to 
overcome petty annoyances, taste to 
produce harmonious decoration, pa- 
tience, as well as endurance to keep 
the home attractive, and must be a 
student of economy and a good cook. 
Willing to sacrifice pleasure and com- 
fort for duty. 

If there are children, she should 
have a teacher's intellect to guide 
them as they grow. 

In short, it is a thankless, and un- 
appreciated job. 

Yours fraternally, 
Mrs. Fannie Morse Meyer. 



WHY NOT MORE RURAL 

SCHOOL NURSES? 

The Commonwealth of Pennsylva- 
nia reimburses school districts em- 
ploying a full time nurse, the same 
as for any other teacher. 

In rural communities any two or 
more school districts may jointly em- 
ploy a nurse. The proportionate 
share of expense for each school is 
very small, compared to the service 
rendered. 

We have our special teachers for 
art, music, and domestic science — 
our athletic coaches — vocational 
teachers, — why not our school nurses? 

Cliildren in city schools have long 
been provided with this health serv- 
ice — why not the same advantage for 
our children in rural districts? 

We still face the fact that 80-90% 
of our rural children are physically 
handicapped. In districts employing 
school nurses, records show a 50% 
increa.<?e in the correction of these 
physical defects. 

It is not only the right of every 
child to have this health protection, — 
but our duty and obligation to pro- 
vide it. 

Every consolidated school should 
have the services of a school nurse. 

If we expect our children to do 
proper school work, we are under ob- 
ligation to provide every possible 
means for removing all physical 
handicaps which prevent the child 
from getting the most out of the edu- 
cational opportunities provided. 

Some communities will spend more 
than forty dollars in educating a 
child, and spend less than forty cents 
in taking care of its health. No edu- 
cational program can be basically 
sound that dues not provide means 
for health education, and protection. 

The school nurse assists the doctor 
with medical inspection, then does 
the follow up work afterwards, which 
counts so much — consulting with par- 
ents and physicians, taking children 



to hospitals and clinics where parents 
are unable to do so. She finds means 
to provide for the poor and neglected, 
through agencies organized to do that 
work. 

She makes classroom inspections, 
excluding those who show symptoms 
of communicable disease, thus avoid- 
ing possible epidemics and closing of 
schools. 

She investigates unexplained ab- 
sences, after three days. This contact 
between home and school is a most 
valuable service in promoting a better 
understanding between home and 
school. 

Here is a fair idea of the work 
done by a rural nurse, from her re- 
port which covers a period of six 
weeks in December and January. 
This nurse has under her supervision, 
1,300 pupils in 50 schools. These 



schools are located in seven town- 
ships and one borough. She states 
in her report that during this period 
she made 139 school visits and per- 
sonally inspected 1,239 children. She 
found that 548 of these children had 
a total of 1,371 defects. She also 
found 139 children who had 289 de- 
fects corrected as the result of pre- 
vious inspection. She had 275 
conferences with parents and teach- 
ers — made 27 calls to doctors offices 
in behalf of children. She found 12 
children with skin diseases. These 
were put under care of private physi- 
cians. She treated 11 children in 
school herself. Made 12 hospital calls 
in behalf of children. Two children 
were taken to a Mental Health Clinic. 
Three children with defective eyes 
were reported to a local Lion's Club, 
who provided glasses. Eighty-six chil- 



OUR FASHION AND PAHERN DEPARTMENT 



All patterns 1 5 cents each, postage 




290 



2986 — All-Day Dress. Designed for sizes 16, 
18 years, 36, 38, 40 aod 42 inches 
bust measure. Size 36 requires 3% 
yards of 39-inch material with % 
yard of 35-inch contrasting. 
Youthful Model. Designed for sizes 
14, 16, 18, 20 years, 36. 38 and 40 
inches bust measure. Size 16 re- 
quires 4Vi yards of 39-inch ma- 
terial. 

2667 — Slimming Lines. Designed for sizes 
36, 38, 40, 42, 44, 46, 48 and 50 
inches bust measure. Size 36 re- 
quires 3H yards of 39-inch material 
with 1% yards of 39-inch contrast- 
ing. 

8061 — Swagger Model. Designed for sizes 



14, 16, 18. 20 years, 36 and 38 
inches bust measure. Size 16 re- 
quires 4% yards of 39-inch ma- 
terial. 

3071 — Peplum Model. Designed for sizes 8, 
10. 12 and 14 years. Size 8 re- 
quires 2% yards of 39-inch ma- 
terial. 

8049 — For Wee Modems. Designed for sizes 
2, 4 and 6 years. Size 4 requires 
1% yards of 39-inch material for 
dress with % yard of 35-inch ma- 
terial for blouse and 2Vi yards of 
binding. 
Our Spring Fashion Magazine Is 16 cents 

a copy but may be obtained for 10 cents if 

ordered same time as pattern. 



Address, giving number and size: 
Pattern Department, Grange News, Chambersburg, Pa. 



April, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 11 



dren in one township were made im- 
mune to diphtheria, after securing 
consent of parents. One crippled child 
was referred to a local Rotary Club, 
and immediate measures taken to pro- 
vide braces. Eight were excluded for 
symptoms of communicable disease. 
This report covers only a part of her 
varied program, which as a whole, 
tends to teach sensible health habits 
to the growing child, in the school, in 
the home and the community. 

Why not then, petition your County 
School Superintendent, your Super- 
vising Principal, and your School 
Boards, to make proper provision for 
the employment of a school nurse for 
your community. 

Mrs. Lois Owen, State Director of 
School Nursing Service, Bureau of 
Physical Education, Department of 
Public Instruction, Harrisburg, Pa., 
will advise with any Grange, inter- 
ested in securing a school nurse for 
their district. 

Georgia Piollet, 

Chairman, Division Public Health, 
State Federation Penna. Women. 



BEAUTIFY THE HOME 

No trees, no shrubs, no flowers, no 
home. 

Did you ever see a blatant house? 
This is the kind which, beautiful, 
costly and elaborate in itself, stands 
in a bare field and shouts at the 
passerby. There are no trees around 
it. No shrubs to be found; not even 
a blade of grass to cover the dried 
and apparently sunburnt soil. Such 
a house appears as an obstruction to 
the clear vision and beauteous nature 
that may lie in the distance beyond. 

The earth forms a considerably im- 
portant part in the designing of the 
home grounds. Invariably the home 
owner thinks of the earth in terms 
of growing things and cultural re- 
quirements. Garden earth should be 
of more importance than a mere me- 
dium for plant growth. It should be 
made a part of the basic garden de- 
sign. We usually find the earth 
around the dwellings approximately 
level plains or gently sloping eleva- 
tions. On these level surfaces, op- 
portunities for distinctive and pleas- 
ing designs are often lost; thus we 
find that on abrupt slopes and on 
large rolling areas the designer has 
far greater opportunities to develop 
beauty and comfort. But the land- 
scaper of a small home must not think 
that this study of ground forms is 
limited to the wide public parks and 
to the broad estates of the wealthy. 
If he does he is blind to the possibili- 
ties of a small plot of ground; in 
fact it matters very little of what 
nature the slopes are or what size 
the plot may be, the interesting fea- 
ture of the landscaper is to plan an 
arcistic unity between the house and 
the grounds. Much of the charming 
blend of buildings with the country- 
side that we see is frequently due to 
the picturesque living walls that sur- 
round the garden or screen the serv- 
ice yards. Proper planting has great 
influence on the appearance of a 
building. The treatment of the 
grounds especially the front yard 
should be made with the idea of lead- 
ing the eye to the house; and par- 
ticularly to the front door. In order 
to do this, it is necessary to produce 



a frame for the picture. This is ac- 
complished by the use of trees. The 
continuity of the lawn should not be 
broken up by shrubs, flower beds, or 
other objects placed at or near its 
center. Today we want open lawns 
with planting relegated to the border 
lines. Of course we must not neglect 
the foundation planting around the 
house, this must be done first as this 
will help to fit the house snugly into 
its surroundings. The house with a 
completely exposed foundation can be 
compared in appearance to a man 
without a collar and tie. Truly we 
want occasional glimpses of the foun- 
dation walls and the planting should 
be of such a kind and manner that 
when the shrubs or evergreens have 
reached maturity they will not ob- 
scure the views from the windows. 
Taller ones may be planted near the 
corners and near the steps and lower 
growing ones under the windows. In 
order to make the picture frame beau- 
tiful we must not plant any tall grow- 
ing trees in front of the house but to 
the sides so as to show the house be- 
tween the trees. It is never wise to 
scatter trees over the grounds but 
plant them in groups especially if 
evergreens are planted. Shade trees 
are very important items of the plant- 
ing and great care must be exercised 
in planting them correctly. Ever- 
greens add a great charm to winter 
landscapes. 

Today when originality counts more 
than ever before in the development 
of a home; besides the front lawn of 
the house we are getting farther and 
farther away from mere conventional 
design. One of the most satisfactory 
ways of achieving unusual as well as 
artistic effects is by means of special 
division of the grounds. The prin- 
ciple one of these divisions is the 
outdoor living room. Every home 
grounds can be so arranged as to pro- 
vide a place for outdoor enjoyment 
of the members of the family and 
their guests. Shrubs planted along 
the side form the walls of this out- 
door room. You can work among the 
flowers, serve afternoon tea, or play 
and romp with the children knowing 
that you are not in full view of the 
curious outsiders. The walls of shrub- 
bery are an asset because they bear 
many lovely flowers and offer an in- 
teresting variety of leaf texture and 
height, always bright and clean and 
never need repapering. Shade shield 
the grounds from the hot sun and 
their shadows make beautiful lacy 
patterns on the grassy lawns. The 
flower borders and the large and lovely 
rose beds furnish fragrance and beau- 
tiful colors throughout the season, at 
the same time it will furnish an 
abundance of flowers. — By John J. 
MarcJcs. 

(To be concluded May issue.) 



Knitting Wool 

R13G YARNS 

30O samples free — prompt mall service 

^A S***"" Skeins Gormanfown Si.OO 
^^^^ Assorted Brl«ht Colors I 

COLONIAL YARN HOUSE 

IZ3I-L Cherry St. Philadelphia, Pa. 



SOME SPRING THOUGHTS 

AND GARDEN HINTS 

Human beings are strangely con- 
stituted, always wanting something 
different and unattainable. In the 
summer time, we speak of the bright 
rays of the sun as cruel, shun them, 
shut them out most carefully, and 
longingly visualize the quiet peaceful 
days in winter, that we spend by a 
snug and cosy fireside. In winter, we 
gratefully bask in the life and health 
giving sunshine, and dream of flowers 
and gardens; our thoughts involun- 
tarily turn from the outside ice and 
snow, to the bare brown soil of spring, 
and we can hardly wait for the time 
to come, when we can once more wield 
the hoe and the spade. 

March, however, is not a month for 
dreaming, but for action. If you 
would have a successful garden, your 
plans should be well and wisely laid, 



and all your seeds ordered. One of 
your first considerations should be, 
just what kind of a garden you want. 
If you are planning merely for a fine 
garden display, or if you intend to 
sell flowers for either table decora- 
tions or other purposes, now is the 
time to decide. 

For the first, nothing can excel the 
gorgeous dahlias and gladioli, mixed 
with some of the larger perennials 
such as delphimiums and veronicas 
for large vases and baskets. For table 
decorations, the more delicate an- 
nuals lend themselves to better ad- 
vantage. A low bowl with loosely 
arranged fine flowers is far more ar- 
tistic for the center of a table, than 
a large vase, and has the advantage 
of enabling one to see and address 
the other partakers of the festive 
board, without having to crane one's 
neck out of joint. So let us now con- 
sider a few of the more desirable an- 
nuals for table decorations. Sweet 
peas, which are always delightful, 
either mixed or in separate shades, 
are in a class by themselves, because 
they need an entirely different treat- 
ment from most other annuals. They 
should go in the ground not later 
than the last week in March (we al- 
ways try to get them sown as near St. 
Patrick's Day as possible) and should 
be planted in rather a deep furrow, 
so that the ground can be drawn up 
to the little plants after they are big 
enough. Most other annuals it pays 
to sow in shallow ridges in a cold 
frame in March Cwe get splendid re- 
sults by puttine a muslin covered 
frame over them) and if you seed is 
fresh and you water them regularly 
and judiciously when necessary, not 
over-watering them, your plants 
should be ready to set out by the end 
of April or the beginning of May. 

Nothing is prettier than the annual 
scabiosa ; its graceful blue, pink, 
white or even almost black heads, 
will add charm to any table, and it 
is very easily raised from seed. The 
pompom zinnias also lend themselves 
charmingly to table decorations, and 
are much daintier and more effective 
for that purpose than their large sis- 
ters, while they also have the good 
habit of blooming the entire summer, 
until cut down by frost. The single 
aster is another very pleasing annual 
(the beautiful giant double ones look 
better in large vases) and so are 
calendulas, marigolds, etc. For late 
in the season, nothing could be finer 
than single or double cosmos. There 
are a great many more annuals, too 
many to mention here, which are 
charmingly adapted for the decora- 
tion of the table. 

There is one main thing to remem- 
ber: that is, to get an early start, 
so that the plants will be ready before 
the real hot weather sets in, and thus 
give them a chance to establish their 
delicate root systems in the cool moist 
earth. 



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It has now become a matter of 
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civen it in newspaper and magazine 
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1 



Page 12 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1931 



Our Juvenile Granges 

Among the Young Folks of the Order 



Dear Juveniles' 

Again I am writing a word of greet- 
ing to you, and for our April page! 
April. That sounds like spring but 
as I write this (in March) I can look 
out upon the deepest snow we have 
had this winter. The fields are cov- 
ered deep and the roads are full of 
the beautiful white flakes that have 
been falling for three days. It does 
not look like spring now but we needed 
the snow to melt and give us the wa- 
ter for wells that have been dry so 
long. When you read this, however, 
we hope the sun will be shining on 
fields waking to new greenness, buds 
getting ready to come out on the 
trees, and the birds coming back to 
us for the summer. We love to see 
new life coming in the spring after 
our cold winter months, don't we? 
And I am wondering if the spring 
will bring new life to our Juvenile 
Granges and pep us up for our sum- 
mer's work and fun. I just know it 
will. Now won't it? 

Clara Dewey. 

In April 
The air is soft and balmy, 
The grass is growing green, 
The maple buds are swelling 
Till their slender threads are seen. 

The brown brook chatters gavlv 
its ripphng course along, 
And hark! — from a distant tree top 
I hear the bluebird's song. 

— Emily Oail Arnold. 

Program Suggestions. 

If you would like to have an April 
Fool party for your first meeting, that 
would be fun. 

For the next one why not have a 
Bird program ? Names of birds would 
be a nice roll call. There are so many 
bird poems and stories you can use. 
Did you ever read the story of The 
Birds of Killingworth ? There is a 
little play by Jean Ingelow called 
"The Bird's Promise" that is not 
long nor hard to learn. In Arthur 
Scott Bailey's book "Tuck-Me-in 
Tales" there are such nice little 
stories of birds. One of the older 
ones could have a paper on the Audu- 
bon Society. Use Mr. Anderson's 
Bird Talks. 

Games. 

Guessing games on names of birds, 
either naming them or as charades 
would be fun. A contest on Signs of 
Spring. Spring is just around the 
corner. Yes, but how do we know 
it? Give all the signs you have seen 
or can remember. 

How about making a Spring Cal- 
endar? A page to a day and on each 
write from meeting to meeting the 
signs of Spring you have seen. 

Here are three riddles for you. 

1 

In every field, in every road 
He peeps among the grasses. 

And shows his sunny little face 
To every one that passes. 

2 

There is a flower, a little flower. 
With petals white and golden eye. 

That welcomes every changing hour. 
And weathers every sky. 

3 

I creep upon the ground, and the 

children say, 
"You ugly old thing!" and push me 

away. 



I lie in my bed, and the children say, 
"The fellow is dead; we'll throw him 

away." 
At last I awake, and the children try 
To make me stay, as I rise and fly. 

Rollicking Robin 

Rollicking Robin is here again. 
What does he care for the April rain? 
Care for it? He's glad of it. Well 

does he know 
That the April rain will melt all the 

snow. 
It will coax out the leaves to hide his 

nest. 
It will wash his pretty, red Easter 

vest; 
It will make the juice of the cherry 

sweet 
For him and his little robins to eat. 
"Ha! Ha! Ha!" hear the jolly bird 

laugh, 
"That isn't the best of the story, by 

half." — Lucy Larcum. 

The Audubon Society 

Once there was a man who loved 
birds and wrote books about them. 
His name was Audubon. He was 
born near New Orleans, La., in 1780. 
From a child he was devoted to nat- 
ural history. His greatest work was 
"The Birds of America!" This was 
published in four volumes. He died 
in New York in 1851. After his 
death a club was formed to learn 
about birds and to try to protect 
them. This club was named for him 
because of his love for birds. Now 
there are many such clubs all over 
the United States. 

A Secret 

We have a secret, just we three, 
The robin, and I, and the sweet cherry 

tree; 
The bird told the tree, and the tree 

told me. 
And nobody knows it but just we 

three. 

But, of course, the robin knows it 

best. 
Because she built the — I shan't tell 

the rest; 
And laid the four little — something 

in it — 
I'm afraid I shall tell it every minute. 
Thomas Gainsborough. 

New Juvenile Grange 

A new Juvenile Grange was or- 
ganized at Shartlesville in Berks 
County by the Worthy State Master 
E.^ B. Dorsett. There were about 
thirty members. Mr. C. W. Klopp 
was elected as Patron. We would 
like to hear from them. 

I haven't see any pictures yet for 
our page. Send them along please. 

Our Worthy State Master things 
the Juveniles are just fine but what 
do you think he said? He said he 
thought it would be so much nicer if 
the oflicers would learn the opening 
and closing ceremony and the degree 
work. Now that would not be so 
very hard and so let's just go right 
at it and surprise him by the way 
we can do our ritualistic work. 

We have another of those interest- 
ing bird talks by Mr. Anderson. This 
time about the blue bird. 

The Bluebird 

Dear Young Friends: — Last time 
we talked about the robin and I am 
sure you are on the lookout for these 



birds. This time we want to talk 
about another bird of the Thrush 
Family, the Bluebird. This bird is 
only about three-fourths as large as 
the robin, but its bright color makes 
up for its smaller size. The bluebird 
is one of the first birds to come in 
the spring and eats scarcely anything 
but insects, so it is one of our best 
friends. You may see the male blue- 
bird some day in the latter part of 
March, as he comes near the house, 
seeking for insects and for a place 
where he and his mate may build their 
nest. If plenty of bird houses have 
been put up, he will take one of these 
and, if necessary, will fight the spar- 
rows away. If he does not find a bird 
house, he will be obliged to go out 
to the orchard and hunt up a hole in 
an old apple tree. In about a week, 
more of the birds will appear, and 
one of them will prove to be his mate. 
Watch them, then as they gather fine 
grasses and leaves to make the nest, 
in which she will lay four or five 
dainty pale blue eggs. You will be 
pleased to notice how good-natured 
the birds always seem to be. They 
never quarrel among themselves or 




Hark ! was there ever so merry a note ? 
Listen a while, and you'll hear what 

he's saying. 
Up in the apple tree, swinging and 

swaying. 

"Dear little blossoms, down under the 

snow. 
You must be weary of winter, I know ; 
Hark! while I sing you a message of 

cheer : 
Summer is coming and springtime is 

here." 

Emily Huntington Miller. 

Right here I am going to remind 
you again that I would like pictures 
and news items from all of you Juve- 
nile Granges. A group of the whole 
Grange, a group of the officers, a pic- 
ture of some officer alone, some of 
your pets, in fact, any picture that 
would be of interest. And those news 
items — send them along. 

The Union City Juvenile Grange 
knew that the Subordinate Grange 
was entitled to one of the pictures of 
O. H. Kelly that was offered by the 
National Grange so they sent and got 
one and had it nicely framed for their 
Christmas gift to the "big" Grange. 



even fight with other birds, unless it 
be with sparrows, troubling their 
home or little ones. When the eggs 
hatch, the young birds do not have 
the bright blue feathers that will dis- 
tinguish them in later life. They are 
helpless, so nature does not make 
them conspicuous. She makes them 
dull colored and hard to see until 
they grow strong and able to look out 
for themselves. After the little ones 
have left the nest, the old birds seem 
to rest and sing for a few weeks, but 
if you keep watch, after a while you 
will find eggs in the nest again and 
later another brood of young 
brownies. The bluebirds will stay 
with us as long as there are any in- 
sects to catch. Only when the last of 
the insects are hidden away by the 
snows of winter, will they seek their 
homes in the South, and how we miss 
their bright colors and cheery song. 

I hope each one of you will build a 
bird house for bluebirds next spring 
and get it nailed up before the first 
of March. Then I surely hope some 
of these friends, hunting for houses 
and food, will find your bird house 
and spend the summer where you can 
watch them. If they do, I am sure 
you will be able to learn many new 
things about these birds. The only 
way to really know them is to watch 
one pair, from time to time, all sum- 
mer. It is fun to watch the bluebird 
as he sits in a tree or on a post, 
watching for an insect and when one 
flies by, he darts from his perch, snaps 
it up in the air and returns to wait 
for another. Watch them. 

R. W. Anderson. 

I know the song that the bluebird is 

singing 
Out in the apple tree where he is 

swinging. 
Brave little fellow! the skies may be 

dreary ; 
Nothing cares he while his heart is 

80 cheery. 

Hark! how the music leaps out from 
his throat! 



I am going to give you a little 
jingle to sing at your meetings. Don't 
you think it is a good one for the 
beginning of the year? 

Booster, booster, be a booster. 
Booster, booster, be a booster. 
Booster, booster, be a booster. 
For our own Juvenile Grange. 

Sing to the tune of the chorus of 
the Battle Hymn of the Republic. 



AGE OF AN OAK 

The Gaelic rime concerning the age 
of the oak given by Lord Dartmouth 
would seem to be a variant of a very 
ancient Welsh triad, of which the fol- 
lowing is a literal translation: 

"Three years is the age of an alder 

pole: 
Thrice the age of an alder is the 

age of a dog; 
Thrice the age of a dog is the age of 

a horse; 
Thrice the age of a horse is the age 

of a man. 
Thrice the age of a man is the age 

of a stag. 
Thrice the age of a stag is the age 

of a blackbird; 
Thrice the age of a blackbird is the 

age of an oak; 
Thrice the age of an oak is the age 

of a raven." 

It is said that if a pair of ravens 
are nesting and one is killed, in a few 
days another will come from no one 
knows where and take its place. Hence 
the raven is said to live forever. 



"And how much would you say this 
colt is worth?" asked the railroad 
claim agent. 

"Not one cent less than $500," em- 
phatically declared the farmer. 

"Pedigreed stock I suppose?" 

"Well, no," the bereaved farmer ad- 
mitted reluctantly. "But you can't 
judge a colt like that by its parents." 

"No," the attorney agreed dryly. 
"I've noted often how crossing it with 
a locomotive will improve a breed." 



"Robert," said the teacher, to drive 
home the lesson on charity, "if I saw 
a man beating a donkey and stopped 
him from doing so, what virtue would 
I be showing?" 

"Brotherly love," said Bobby. 



Grange supplies are advertised on 
Page 9. 



April, 1931 



r- 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 13 



Among the Granges 



Activities of the Order in Various Localities 



GRANGE OBSERVES 
SEVENTEENTH ANNIVERSARY 

Troy Center Grange, No. 1603, ob- 
served its seventeenth anniversary at 
an all-day meeting, Feb. 21, 1931. 

A bountiful oyster dinner was 
served at noon to about 145. There 
were guests from Hydetown, Dia- 
mond, Breedtown, and Steuben 
Granges. Of the seventeen pastmas- 
ters, ten were present. 

There was an open meeting in the 
afternoon, at which time the Lecturer 
presented a splendid program. 

One very pleasant feature of the day 
was the presentation of a beautiful 
anniversary cake by a sister from 
Steuben Grange. After very suitable 
remarks seventeen masters and past- 
masters of the several granges gath- 
ered about the cake, each lighting one 
candle. 

The guests and members departed 
late in the afternoon, all agreeing that 
the day had been well spent and wish- 
ing Troy Center Grange many years 
of pleasure and prosperity. 



BEAVER POMONA 

Beaver held its March session with 
North Sewickley Grange, Saturday, 
March 14th. 

The Reports showed a net gain in 
membership of twenty-three. The at- 
tendance was good and interest keen. 
Many visitors were in attendance, in- 
cluding the Pomona Masters from 
Butler, Lawrence and Allegheny 
Counties. Brother A. H. Fullerton, 
a former member of the State Grange 
Executive Committee, and his wife. 
Sister Fullerton, Past Flora of the 
State Grange, were also present. 

It is unusual to have so many coun- 
ties represented, but it adds much to 
the interest and success of the meet- 
ing. The new Pomona Lecturer, 
Brother Walker Shannon, is full of 
pep and enthusiasm. He saw to it 
that there were no dull moments, nor 
snoring out loud. 

The State Master was kept busy 
between sessions, reading the Code 
and explaining Grange Law and De- 
cisions. E. B. D. 



BUTLER COUNTY HOLDS SERIES 
OF COMMUNITY MEETS 

The eighth and last of a series 
of Butler County community meet- 
tings, sponsored by The Butler Coun- 
ty National Bank & Trust Com- 
pany was held in the Fairview Town- 
ship-Karns City consolidated school 
Monday evening, March 2d. Other 
meetings were held during the month 
of February at Herman, West Sun- 
bury, Prospect, Lernerville, Eau 
Claire, Zelienople and Meridian. 

The reported attendance of more 
than 3,200 for the series and the fact 
that standing room was at a premium 
at, at least, four of the meetings, 
demonstrates the popularity of these 
meetings, which have been conducted 
by this bank for the past two years. 

Represent?\tives of churches, schools, 
granges, community welfare associa- 
tions, ari leading farmers of the 
various ( immunities assisted R. C. 
Wiggins, agricultural advisor of The 
Butler County National Bank & Trust 
Company in planning and carrying 
out the programs for the different 
meetings. 

A brass band made up of the em- 



ployees of the P. J. Oesterling & Son 
Feed Company furnished the musical 
program at all of the meetings. 
Choruses of both grade and high 
school students rendered their bit to 
the entertainment part of the pro- 
gram. 

Miss Grace Pollock, a representative 
of the Pittsburgh District Dairy 
Council, gave a health talk at each 
of the meetings. This talk was fol- 
lowed by a moving picture which 
further emphasized the necessity of 
using plenty of milk and milk prod- 
ucts (of which oleo is not one), fresh 
vegetables, fruits and cod-liver oil, in 
the diet of children for maintaining a 
healthy growing condition of all parts 
of the body. 

Earl Mack, of the Thos. A. Mack 
& Sons Poultry Farm where 6,000 
layers are kept and a 30,000 eg^ in- 
cubator is used in hatching baby 
chicks, S. G. Lutz, who operates a 
farm where trap-nesting is practiced, 
and Thomas Porter, a man who has 
visited many leading poultry farms 
and exx)eriment stations in studying 
the feeding of poultry, discussed the 
Feeding of Laying Hens and Rearing 
of Baby Chicks. These three men, 
who have perhaps visited more poultry 
farms and experiment stations than 
any other three men in Butler Coun- 
ty, recommended the inspection of 
parent stock and sanitary conditions 
in the purchase of baby chicks; the 
use of artificial lights, for layers; 
careful culling at frequent intervals 
of both pullets and laying hens; use 
of cod-liver oil, some form of milk and 
alfalfa leaf meal in poultry feeds; 
hard coal heat for the brooder house, 
and laying houses in extremely cold 
weather; heated water in cold weath- 
er; insulated houses with plenty of 
ventilation; more visiting of other 
poultry farms and more "brain" work 
in planning and operating the mod- 
ern poultry farm. 

C. A. Wachsmuth, president of the 
Butler County Potato Growers As- 
sociation, and Curtis Wachsmuth, a 
graduate of the Dairy Department of 
State College, who operate under the 
firm name of C. A. Wachsmuth & 
Son and specialize in dairying and 
potato growing, discussed these sub- 
jects at a number of the meetings. 
Milk and feed scales were declared 
to be the most important equipment 
in the dairy barn under present-day 
conditions. Other necessary practices 
for cutting down cost of production in 
dairying, suggested by Curtis Wach- 
smuth were; the use of good pure- 
bred sires, selling of "boarder" cows 
to butcher, growing and feeding of 
alfalfa, use of drinking cups, regular- 
ity in time of milking and feeding, 
and better care of the permanent pas- 
ture in which sweet clover should be 
one of the crops grown. The elder 
Wachsmuth recommended the fol- 
lowing for profitable potato produc- 
tion: Growing and plowing under of 
a legume such as alfalfa or sweet 
clover in a two- or three-year potato 
rotation; planting disease-free seed; 
heavy application of a high analysis 
fertilizer of the 4-8-7 ratio to save 
cost of freight and more; careful 
spraying at a pressure of from 300 to 
400 pounds; frequent use of the 
weeder before and after plants are 
up; careful grading when selling 
your crop and more cooperation 
among growers in the purchase of 
supplies, and in the sale and advertis- 



ing of potatoes, which he considers one 
of our most important cash crops. 

Mr. Wiggins, who has acted as agri- 
cultural advisor for this progressive 
bank for the past seven years, sug- 
gested an earlier and better garden 
with more varieties of vegetables, use 
of double and triple strength ferti- 
lizers to save freight charges, repair 
of machinery during the winter 
months, growing of more legumes, ap- 
plications of lime and fertilizer to 
the permanent pasture which should 
contain sweet clover, keeping of sev- 
eral porkers, testing seed corn, pur- 
chase of better seeds, more frequent 
use of smoothing harrow and weeder 
on corn and potato fields before stalks 
appear above ground, sale of unprofit- 
able hens and cows to butcher, and 
more cooperation among farmers in 
the purchase of supplies at cash prices, 
in discussing his subject of "Curtail- 
ing Expenses During 1931." Mr. Wig- 
gins predicted that a reaction, favor- 
able to the farmer, would eventually 
evolve from the present business de- 
pression, and that the careful and 
thoughtful planning, more of which 
is being done this winter than in years 
and years past, would place agricul- 
ture upon a more practical and there- 
fore, more profitable basis than ever 
before. 

Butler County subordinate granges 
which cooperated in holding these 
meetings were Eureka, West Sunbury, 
and Jackson. 



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ENTERTAINMENTS 

FOR YOUR GRANGE— 

Our Look- Leaf Plays and Recitations are uaed by 
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710 ST. HTPOUTE, 
BATON ROUCE, LA. 

and I will send you m humorous 

stunt for your next Grange 

meeting. 



RAISE MONEY 

For Your Grange or Church 

No investment — easy work — dignified — success- 
ful — you'll like our plan. Mrs. R. — , Glouces 
ter. N. Y., raised church money easily and re- 
ordered quickly from us. Many others have 
done equally as well. SEND NO MONEY. 
Write today for details. 

NOTTINGHAM GUILD 
Dept. C. Attleboro, Mas*. 



rHE BOSTON REGALIA CO 

Grange Supplies 

Officers' Sas hes 

^""^■■■^^"^^^"^'^^^^■^^^^^^^■*. 

Member*' Badsee, Subordlnatt- 
No. 4, Reversible. 45 centa each. 

Pomona Badges, No.l4( Revere* 
Ible 55 cents each. 

No. 650 U. S. Wool Bun- 
ting Flag. 3xS ft. Mounted 
with Bagle and Stand, t6J0 

Printed Silk Flag. 3x5ft.,Mouoteft 
as above. •10.00. Printed Silk PlaA 
4x6ft., Mounted as above, $15.00. 

OUR SPECIALTY 

PAST MASTER JBTATBLS 

t5 .00 to $20.00 

PINS BUTTONS R1N<K 

Send for our prices before y«u b«^ 

BOSTON REGALIA Ca 
•S SUMMER STREET BOSTON. MASS^ 




R 



Page 14 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1931 



GEORGE WASHINGTON 

BEANDED HIS CATTLE 

Senator Tom Connally, who hails 
from Texas, the greatest cattle state 
in the country, has made, according 
to the Division of Information and 
Publication of the George Washington 
Bicentennial Commission, an exhaus- 
tive study of George Washington's ex- 
periences in producing and handling 
cattle. 

Recently while chatting on this sub- 
ject with a group of Senators and 
Representatives, Connally declared 
that Washington in his day branded 
his cattle just as do the cattlemen of 
Texas and other sections of the West 
at the present time. 

A Representative from the East 
smiled at this statement and said he 
would like to have a little proof before 
he could swallow any Washington cat- 
tle-branding story. 

"Well," smiled the handsome six- 
footer from the Lone Star State, "I 
might know that a man from the effete 
East, whose knowledge of cattle is 
limited to the little jug of diluted 
cream on his breakfast table, would 
have no knowledge of matters of this 
kind." 

Walking over to his bookcase Con- 
nally pulled down a volume of Wash- 
ington's Diaries and read the follow- 
ing items as recorded by the hand of 
the famous Mount Vernon farmer and 
cattleman. 

"'Nov. 1. 1765— Sent one bull, 18 
cows and 5 calves to Doeg Run in all 
— 24 head branded on ye buttock GW. 

" 'Sent 5 cows and 29 yearlings and 
calves to the Mill, which with 4 there 
makes 27 head in all viz. 5 cows and 
22 calves and yearlings branded on 
the right shoulder GW. 

" 'Out of the Frederick cattle made 
the stock in the Neck up to 100 head 
— these branded on the right buttock 
GW. 

" 'Muddy Hole cattle branded on 
the left shoulder GW.' " 



FAST OROWINO, quick maturing, moDey 

making registered Berksblrea. Both sexes. 

4 mo. Get readv for dearer pork. W. T. 
McSparran, Furnlta, Pa. 

C A.1 C* A.H nPIT Insures good egg- 
V^/^I^V.^/\I\ \JI\I 1 ghell texture and 

Increased hatcbability. Unexcelled for tur- 
keys and poultry. LiANDis Sto.\^ Meal Co., 
Rheems, Pa. 

BABY CHICKS-Purebred 

EVERY CHICK SELECTED 

Barred Rockt. Rhode Island Redt. White Rocks, 
White Wyandottet. $1S.OO per hundred; Black 
Gijntt. $20.00; Tom Barron White Leghorns. 
$13.00. The large kind, vigorous year aronnd lay- 
ers. Shipments prepaid — live delivery guaranteed. 

LANCASTER CHICK HATCHERY 
O. E. Conn. Prop. Lancaster, Penna. 

PEERLESS CHICKS 

All flocks are B. W. D. tested and treated for 

pin, round and tapeworms. Also fed Cod 

Liver Oil, producing strongr, vigorous chicks 

All eggrs are sterilized in Iodine Suspension 

solution. 

S. C. White Leghorns (Hollywood and 

Tom Barron ) 10c 

S. C. White Leghorns, mated with pedi- 
greed males, whose dams' records 
are from 251 to 289 eggs per year . lie 

S. C. Buff and Brown Leghorps 10c 

Barred Rocks and S. C. R. I. Reds . . lie 
Wh. Rocks. Wh. Wyandottes and Buff 

Orpingtons 12c 

100% Delivery and Satisfaction Guaranteed. 

The Smith Hatchery, Bryan, Ohio 



Before Buying Chicks, 



inrrlt* for owr Hmrmr C«t«les«« andl Vo'w- 
Prl««a on Barron-Tan«r«d -Holly* 

pure Rtrainii White I^cKhornB. Brown 
lieghorns, Barred Rocks. White Rockn. Reds. 
BufT OrpinjrtonH. Black Minorcas. White Wyan- 
dottes, Heavy and liRht mixed. E.XTHAORDI- 
NARY QUALITY. 

A»fBRICAN CRICKBIIICS, CrompUn, Pa. 



BROOKSIDE, 



BIG. 

'HUSKY, 
QUAUTY CHICKS 




RxtralarfTc Er.srligh White/ 

I>e|{hornK. ajid Superb^ 

Barred Rocks. Vr\cen and 

■tx)ck sure to plen^te >ou. Circular free, 

BROOKSIDE POULTRY FARM. 
Dept. 2 Chambersburg. Pa. 



"Butter," said Senator Connally, 
"always seemed to be a problem with 
Washington. Despite the fact that 
there was always several hundred 
cows roaming his pastures it was fre- 
quently necessary for him to buy but- 
ter. I notice from his diary that dur- 
ing the winter of 1760 he was often 
short of that important article. On 
January 7th he writes : 'Accompanied 
Mrs. Bassett to Alexandria and en- 
gaged a keg of butter of Mr. Kirk- 
patrick, being quite out of that ar- 
ticle.' And the next day he says : 'Got 
a little butter from Mr. Dalton.' On 
Sunday, January 20th, he not only re- 
ceived more butter but other supplies. 
Listen to this : 'My wagon, after leav- 
ing two hogsheads of tobacco at Alex- 
andria, arrived here with three sides 
of sole leather and four of upper 
leather, two kegs of butter, one of 
which for Colonel Fairfax, and fifteen 
bushels of salt.' 

"Of course it must be remembered 
that they really used butter in Wash- 
ington's time. They did not put a 
little dab of it on a piece of bread — 
they slathered it on in generous 
quantities. 

"Washington, I am convinced was 
just as shrewd a trader in cattle as 
are any cattlemen of the present time. 
I note from his diary that in 1760 he 
'went down to Occoquan, by appoint- 
ment, to look at Colonel Cock's cat- 
tle, but Mr. Peake's being fruiii home 
I made no agreement for them, not 
caring to give the price he asked for 
them.' 

"Twenty-six years later in 1786 he 
made a trade in which I am convinced 
he got a shade the best of the bargain. 
Ilis diary tells the story in these 
words: 'Sent up to Abingdon for a 
young bull of extraordinary make, 
for which I have exchanged and given 
a young heifer of the same age.' " 



JACKSON GRANGE GIVES 

PROGRAM ON ANNIVERSARY 

Members of Jacksun Grange No. 
1468, Patrons of Husbandry, of Har- 
mony, recently celebrated the twen- 
tieth anniversary of the founding of 
the Grange. An interesting program 
consisting of music, readings and ad- 
dresses were given, with the Master, 
W. V. Sohn, presiding. The program 
was arranged by Mrs. Howard Peffer, 
lecturer of the Grange. 

A program given by the Jackson 
Juvenile Grange under the direction 
of Mrs. Walter Beighey, was an in- 
teresting feature of the celebration. 
The Juvenile Grange comprises chil- 
dren of the Grange families. 

The history of Jackson Grange 
since its organization in February, 
1911, by State Deputy W. H. Grabe, 
was given by Past Masters Ira Beahm 
and William Sahli. They explained 
in an interesting manner the diffi- 
culties and problems confronting the 
Grange in its infancy and the 
struggle necessary to bring about a 
Grange program of real value to 
farmers. 

Jackson Grange has a membership 
of nearly 200, holds regular meetings 
twice a month and conducts many 
lines of^ work of usefulness to the 
community. 



Granges! Send orders for Cook- 
books to Mrs. Wm. D. Phillips, Wash- 
ington, Pa., R. D. 2. Use seal and 
please do not order less than 5. To 
Granges 45c per copy, retail 75c — 
the 30c is for your own Grange proj- 
ect. 

Feed Carefully. — Newly freshened 
cows should not be fed heavily at 
first. A warm bran mash is very 
beneficial immediately after freshen- 
ing. Ground oats, bran, and oil meal 
can be fed later. 



FARMERS MUST PLAN WORK 

Three questions were discussed at 
the meeting of Keller's Church 
Grange recently. "Reducing Labor 
on the Farm" was discussed by 
Joseph Wagner, who said labor can 
be greatly reduced if work is planned 
ahead of time. Tools and farm 
implements, he said, can be repaired 
or made ready during spare time so 
that when the working time arrives 
the farmer can proceed with his work 
without being delayed to make re- 
pairs. 

The second question, "What Bene- 
fit I Could Derive from Keeping 
Household Accounts," was discussed 
by Mrs. Freeman Johnson, who gave 
a plan giving the approximate cost 
or expenditures of a family of five 
for a year. Due to the fact that she 
kept no such account, she could not 
prove that such a budget would work 
out. However, all agreed that house- 
hold accounts should be taken more 
seriously. 

A discussion of the question, 
"What I Should Like This Grange 
to Undertake," was given by Elmer 
Stovor. The aim for 19,'Jl, he said, 
should be to have a slogan of accom- 
plishment. His slogan would be, 
"Bigger Membership, a Home Eco- 
nomics Committee and a Calf Club 
in 1931." 



STATE POTATO GROWERS 

TO STAGE EXPOSITION 

A giant Potato Exhibition, spon- 
sored by the Pennsylvania Potato 
Growers' Association, will be held at 
State College, August 24, 25, and 26. 
The event will be similar to the ex- 
position held in 1929 when production, 
marketing, and consumption princi- 
ples and practices were presented. 

The association each year fosters a 
major activity. Every other year this 
takes the form of a tour out of the 
state to some important commercial 
or seed potato producing section. On 
alternate years the event is held with- 
in the state. Last year the tour was 
to Aroostook County, Maine, and 
Prince Edward Island potato growing 
fields. 



THE CHIEF REASON 

"Oh, what a funny looking cow!" 
said the chic young thing from the 
city. "Why hasn't it any horns?" 

"There are many reasons," answered 
the farmer, "why a cow does not have 
horns. Some are born without horns 
and do not have any until the late 
years of their life. Others are de- 
horned, while still other breeds are 
not supposed to have horns at all. 
There are many reasons why a cow 
sometimes does not have horns. 

"But the chief reason that this cow 
does not have any horns is that it 
isn't a cow at all. It's a horse." 



Advertisements contain news as well as 
reading matter. 



statement of ownership, management, etc., 
Pkxnsylvania Qranob News (monthly), 
Harrlsburg, Pa., for April, 1931, required 
by the Act of August 24, 1912. 

E. B. Dorsett. President, Board of Man- 
agers, Mansfield, Pa. 

Editor, John H. Light. Harrlsburg. Pa. 
Managing Editor, John H. Light, Harrls- 
burg, Pa. 

Business Manager, Morris Lloyd, Cham- 
bersburg, Pa. 

Publishers, Pennsylvania State Grange, 
Chambersburg, Pa. 
Owners : 

Kenzle Bagshaw, HolUdaysburg, Pa. 
S. A. Harshaw, Conneaut Lake. 
H. D. Allobach, Trappe, Pa. 
Bondholders, mortgagees, and other se- 
curity holders, none. 

Morris Lloyd. 
Business Manager. 
Affirmed to and subscribed before me this 
22d day of March 23, 1931. 

M. 0. McDowell. 

Notary Public. 
My commission expires April 9, 1931. 




CASH 



QUALITY 
CHICKS 

C. 0. D. 
- 100 600 1,000 

18.00 140.00 180.00 



In Lots of — 100 
S. C. Tom Barron 

White Leghorns... 
S. C. Large Type 

Barred Rocks . . . 10.00 60.00 100.00 

Heavy Mixed 9.00 46.00 90.00 

Lirht Mixed 7.00 35.00 70.00 

100% Live Delivery Postpaid 
Order Early for Prompt Shipment 

SWARTZ'S POULTRY FARM 
Box 81 Mllleritown, Fa. 



JERSEY GIANTS 

BLACK AND WHITE 

America's outstanding breeding flock. Big win- 
ners Madison Sq. Garden, Chicago Coliseum, 
Atlanta. High records at laying competitions. 

EGGS-CHICKS-STOCK 

Writt today for frmm catalog 

Pennrington Poultry Farm, 



Route 3, Box 2 



Reidsville, N. C. 



WEIK'S 

BABY CHICKS 




Specializing In Barred and White 
Rocks. Giant, weight breeders that 
won prizes at Poultry Shows. 
Flocks are headed by Canadian 
200-250 egg strain cockerels. Chicks 
develop quickly, heavy broilers, 
and early laying pullets. Circular. 

WEIK'S POULTRY FARM, 

KLEINFELTERSVILLE, Leb. Co., Pa, 



QUALITY CHICKS— 25.000 weekly elec- 
trically hatcht><J from only flrst-class stock 
at reduced prices. White Leghorns. 8c; 
Reds. Rocks, White Wyandottes, Black Mi- 
norcas, 9c; Giants, 14c; Heavy Mixed, 8c; 
Light Mixed, 7c. Plum Crekk Poultrt 
Fahm, Sunbury, Pa. 

300,000 White and Brown Leghorn 
Chicks Shipped C. O. D.— SEND NO 
MONEY— VERY LOW— Write for Cata _ 
logue and PRICES. I 

Pennsylvania Co-Operative Leghorn 
Farms, Grampian, Pa. 



American Anconas — Record Layers — Extra 
Large — Exceptional Matlngs — Chicks $12.00 
a hundred — Catalogue. American Ancon* 
Farms, Orampian, Pa. 

Sunnyfleld Extra Large Single Comb Black 
Minorcas — l^y exceptionally large white 
eggs — Chicks $14.00 a hundred — Catalogue. 
St'NNYFiKLu Minorca Farms. Grampian. Pa 

Hanson Leghorn Chicks 

sired by 260-289 egg four generation and 800 ' 
egg males. 2500 selected two and three year 
Old breeders. 2 grades. Catalog. Also guar- 
anteed chicks In Barred and White Bocki 
and Beds. 

Ridfeway Pealtry Fam, Jamestown, Pa. 

Regal Dorcas White Wyandotte Chlckl 
$14.00 a hundred — 258 Egg Record — Ledger 
— N o r t h American Contest — Catalogue. 
Keller's White Acres, Orampian, Pa. 

OIIAI ITY rmriC^ 25.000 weekly froa 
V£U/\L.ll 1 \^ni\^IVO only first-class stock 
at lowfst prices ever. White Leghorns, 9c; 
Reds. Barred Rocks, W. Wyandottes, Black 
Minorcas, 11; Giants, 16c; Heavy Mixed, 
10c; Light Mixed. 8c. PLUM CREEK TOVL- 
TRY FARM, Sunbury, Pa. 



I 



I 



JONES 




Barred Rockt 
Leghorn 

BABY CHICKS 

Low Prices 

WRITE FOR CATALOG 

A. C. JONES 

Poultry Farm A Hatchmry 

G«orff«town and Dover, Delaware 



April, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 15 



HOME ECONOMICS 

FOR THE INDIVIDUAL 

By H. Janet Cutler 

Today with all our advanced ideas 
of education, there are still a great 
many who do not understand the real 
meaning of Home Economics; that 
is, economics in the home. How, 
where and what to purchase for the 
money you have to spend; not neces- 
sarily a vast sum as we realize only to 
well. The country girl more than her 
"citified" cousin lacks a knowledge of 
values. She does not have the op- 
portunity to see various garments at 
various prices or grades of material. 
Whether she is interested in foods, 
clothing or furnishing her own home, 
the course aims to give her enough 
knowledge of each one, so that she can 
be a REAL help to her very husy 
mother. 

In cooking class she is not only 
taught the best way to prepare a prop- 
erly balanced meal, but she is also 
taught how to select her foods and 
the best way to combine them. The 
old slogans, "An apple a day keeps 
the doctor away," and "An apple a 
meal makes the dentist steal," be- 
come real incentives to her in her 
plans. She is taught plain foods cook- 
ery, how to plan, prepare and serve 
the family meals, the afternoon tea, 
the "company" dinner, the party, or 
the banquet with equal ease. Each 
girl actually takes a part in all men- 
tioned and knows the work involved 
both in the planning and preparation. 



as well as in the expense. The diet 
for the invalid becomes as interesting 
as the party when the girls are al- 
lowed to minister their knowledge in 
cases of actual need. 

They learn through experiment and 
experience how to read an advertise- 
ment — for instance how to select bak- 
ing powder, cereals, rice, flour, salt, 
sugar and other necessities. 

The deeper the course, such as is 
given in our city schools, where it is 
taught from the fifth and sixth 
grades, up to the end of Senior High 
School, the better prepared are our 
girls to meet the demands of the 
Home, Community, State and Nation. 

Clothing, vitally interesting to all 
due to a natural instinct for adorn- 
ment, is equally important. Perhaps 
nothing occupies as much of the hu- 
man mind as just this — ^be it male or 
female. As a garment is constructed, 
the child is taken on a trip which 
shows the development of the material 
she is using from the plant or animal 
origin, to the finished product. This 
may be done by reference work by 
the students ; the lecture method with 
the use of well chosen illustrative 
matter by the teacher; or by our 
latest method of instruction — a movie 
given during class. Trips to the fac- 
tories and industries are immensely 
enjoyed by the children, and ; are very 
educational. 

Each girl is permitted to make her- 
self a complete wardrobe. She is 
taught selection through a group of 
samples of materials sent out by the 
stores. Values for the money spent 



become as interesting as the basket 
ball scores; for to be well-dressed IS 
an art worthy of the greatest con- 
sideration. From the best stores, the 
teacher selects a complete wardrobe 
for the school girl, and each garment 
has the price of purchase pinned to it. 
This lesson proves one of the most 
fascinating of all. The child with the 
wardrobe she has just completed, 
compares her own as to material, cost, 
value, time spent, smartness of cos- 
tume and style, with the one brought 
in from the store. She learns to 
recognize a bargain when she sees it, 
whether it be in a coat, hat, shoes, 
dress or material to be made into a 
garment. 

A list of ten supplementary lessons 
is given, namely — 



1. How to remake my own ward- 
robe. — Especially interesting in the 
day of longer skirts and higher waist- 
lines. 

2. How to choose and wear becom- 
ing hats and coats — shoes that fit — 
and hose. 

3. What colors best suit me. 

4. How to dye and redye all gar- 
ments. 

5. Furnishing my room attractively, 
yet inexpensively. 

6. The laundering of cotton, linen, 
silk and wool. 

7. How to test for each fiber — or 
how to detect misrepresentation in 
materials. 

8. Family relationships, etc. 



Patronize our advertisers. 



Classified Department 



LIVE STOCK 



BUY CANADIAN-BRED HOLSTEIN COWS 

and heifers freshening this spring. Ad- 
vanced Registration grading. You will like 
our type, breeding, size, and production. 
Healthy herds conveniently located close to 
the border to choose from. A few real good 
young bulls available. Write for listing and 
prices. Apply Director of Extension, 
Holbtein-Friesian Association of Canada, 
Brantford, Ontario. 



WOMAN'S WANTS 



5Re£folutions( of 3^2(pett 



Under this heading will be printed resolutions adopted by 
Oranges, for which a rate of 2 cents per word will be 
charged, cash to accompany copy. 



r'lTCDMGCV Dili I Q from one month to 
uUdlYn^EiI DULLO serviceable age 
Sons of Upland's Good Gift A.R., sire of 
Junior Champion. Pennsylvania Show, out 
of A.R. dams with records up to 700 lbs. 
fat. Herd Accredited and Blood Tested. 
Prices to suit times. Fritzlyn Farms, 
Plpersvllle, Pa. 



HAY, GRAIN, PRODUCE 



WANTED — Hay. straw, grain, potatoes, 
apples, cabbage, etc. Carloads pay highest 
market prices. For Sale alfalfa hay, ear 
corn. The Hamilton Co.. New Castle, Pa. 



HONEY 



LEASTJRE 

Whereas, God, in His all-wise providence, 
has seen fit to remove from our midst our 
worthy sister, Eva Lena Leasure ; therefore, 
be it 

Resolved, That we. the members of RIU- 
ton Grange, No. 1950, bow to the will of 
Him who doeth all things well, extend our 
sympathy to the bereaved family, drape our 
charter for 30 days, send a copy of these 
resolutions to the family, and submit same 
for publication In Grange News, and place 
them upon our minutes. 

Mrs. Helen Lash. 
Mrs. Ollie Piovesan, 
P. C. Bauohman, 

Committee. 

MILLIOAN 

Whereas, The sad news of the sudden 
death of our brother. Joseph Mllllgan. came 
as a shock to us ; therefore, be It 

Resolved, That we, the members of Rlll- 
ton Grange, No. 19.50. extend our sympathy 
to the bereaved family, drape our charter 
for 30 days, place these resolutions upon 
our minutes, send a copy to the family, and 
submit same for publication in Grange 
Nnws. 

Mrs. Sara M. Kline. 

Mrs. Francis Baughman, 

Donald 1>ash, 

Committee. 



HEPFORD 

Wherkas, It has pleased the Almighty to 
remove from our midst, by death, our es- 
teemed friend and coworker, Brother W. L. 
Hepford. who has for many years occupied 
a prominent rank In our midst, maintaining 
under all circumstances a character un- 
tarnished, and a reputation above reproach ; 
therefore. 

Resolved, That in the death of Brother 
Hepford we have sustained the loss of a 
friend whose fellowship it was an honor and 
a pleasure to enjoy; that we bear willing 
testimony to his many virtues, to his un- 
questioned probity and stainless life; that 
we offer to his bereaved family and mourn- 
ing friends, over whom sorrow has hung her 
sable mantle, our heartfelt condolence, and 
pray that Infinite goodness may bring speedy 
relief to their burdened hearts and Inspire 
them with the consolations that hope in 
futurity and faith In God give even in the 
shadow of the tomb. 

C. B. ROHER, 

J. W. Rhoods, 
H. L. Shutt. 

Coynmittee. 



VOEOTLT 

Whereas, It has pleased the Divine Mas- 
ter in His infinite wisdom to call to a higher 
life our beloved Brother, William J. Voegt- 
ly, a member of Jackson Grange, No. 1468 ; 
and 

Whereas, By his sudden death, we are 
again reminded of the uncertainty of life; 
therefore, be It 

Resolved, That we bow in humble sub- 
mission to the will of our Father, realizing 
that our loss is our Brother's gain ; and 
that we extend to the bereaved Brothers 
and Sister our heartfelt sympathy ; and 
further, be It 

Resolved, That, as a token of respect, our 
charter remain draped for a period of thirty 
days ; and that these resolutions be in- 
scribed in our minutes and published in 
The Connoquencssinp Valley News and 
Pennsylvania Grange News. 

J. Loyal Kellt, 
Ira Beahm, 
Robert J. Belles, 

Com,m,ittee. 

BRAINARD 

Whkukas. It has been the will of our 
Divine Master to remove from our midst 
Brother Loon D. Bralnard. a Grange worker 
for 31 years and Master for 15 years; be It 
Resolved, That we, the members of South 
Pymatunlng Grange, No. 1930. extend our 
heartfp^lt sympathy to the members of the 
bereaved family, drape our charter for thirty 
days, that a copy of these resolutions be 
sent to the family also placed on our mlh- 
utes and another sent to the Grange News 
for publication. 

Mrs. Earl Parker, 

Scott Lewis, 

Mrs. Scott Lewis. 

Committee. 

SPR0WL8 

Whereas, It has been the will of our 
heavenly Father to so suddenly call from our 
midst Brother J. E. Sprowls, for whom our 
charter was draped for thirty days ; there- 
fore, be it 

Resolved, That we. the members of Buf- 
falo Grange, No. 1523, extend our heartfelt 
sympathy to the widow and family In the 
loss of a loving husband and father. May 
his death prove a sacred link between the 
hearts of those he loved and left below until 
they are called to participate In His labor 
and His Joy in the world where there is no 
more change ; also, be it 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions 
be sent to the relatives, placed on the min- 
utes of our grange, and published In the 
Grange News. 

F. C. McElwain, 
Homer Wallace, 
Artie M. Flack. 



HONEY — 10 lb. pall, clover, $1.75 ; Buck- 
wheat or Fruit Blossom. $1.50 ; 5 lb. either, 
$1.00 postpaid; 60 lb. can Clover, $5.20; 
Buckwheat or Fruit Blossom, $4.50 here. 
Carlton D. Howard, Geneva, N. Y. 

CLOVER HONEY, 10 lbs., $1.85 ; Buck- 
wheat, $1.65 ; postpaid, third zone. Com- 
plete list free. Samples, six cents. Roscoe 
F. ViTixsoN, Dundee, New York. 



BABY CHICKS 



LOOK! Leghorn chicks. 9 cents; Rocks 
10 cents. Large type ; strictly culled. J. C. 
Sarvkr, Millerstown, Pa. 

8. C. W. LEGHORN CHICKS, from con- 
test winning stick. Special discount, early 
orders. Catalog free. Quauty Poultry 
Farm, Montvllle, N. J. 

100 English WHITE LEOHORN CHICKS. 

$13. 500. $60. Out of 24 to 30 oz. eggs. 
Nelson's Poultry Farm, Grove City, Pa. 

TANCRED WHITE LEGHORN CHICKS 
from Pennsylvania Accredited Flock. Book- 
leL North Poultry Farm, McAllsterville, 
Pa. 



SEEDS 



BUY DIRECT — From manufacturers. Send 
$(j.50 for not less than 120 assorted dishes, 
guaranteed, consisting of twelve of ea(± 
cups, saucers, all sizes plates, sauce dishes, 
oatmeals, sugar, creamer, platter, etc. Same 
on decorated one design, $9.00. Factory Im- 
perfections. Freight paid over $1.00. 
Standard China Company, 204 Bowery. 
.New York City, Box 315. 

LADIES RAYON HOSE — Twelve pall-f> 
$1.75, postpaid, assorted colors, sljghtly ir- 
regular. Men 8 BOX same price. w'riie iur 
bargain list and other specialties I carry. 
Lewis Sales Company. Asheboro, North 
Carolina. 

PATCHWORK — 5 pounds clippings as 
sorted colors, $1.00; four pounds blanket 
remnants. $1.00; four pounds cretonne sam- 
ple pieces, $1.00 ; four pounds silk and 
cotton rug strips, $1.00. Pay postman plus 
postage. Large package silks, 25c. Beauti 
ful colors, postpaid. National Tbxtilb 
Co.. 661 Main St.. Cambridge, Mass. 



FEMALE AGENTS WANTED 

I'LL GIVE YOU A |12.00 GIFT BOX of 
exquisite, pure-silk Hosiery and luxurious 
Lingerie without cost simply for forming a 
Clover Hosiery Club. All your friends will 
want to Join. You get $12.00 worth of 
Hosiery and Lingerie as your reward. Send 
for full information. I'll supply everything 
you need to form club Including a pair of 
l>eautlful pure-silk Hosiery — your size — also 
new Spring Style Folder from which you can 
select your Lingerie and Hosiery. Write for 
full Information. Clover Hosiery Com- 
pany, Lincoln St., Boston. Mass. 



POSITIONS WANTED 

DO YOU NEED FARM HELP? — We have 

Jewish young men. able-bodied, some with, 
but mostly without experience, who want 
farm work. If you need a good, steady man, 
write for an order blank. Ours is not a 
commercial agency. We make no charge. 
The Jewish Agricultubal Society, Inc., 
Box D, 301 E. 14th Street. New York City. 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 

ORANGX LETTER HEADS — They ar« 
beauties ; printed in two colors with emblem 
In the background. Ruled or unruled paper 
Send for samples. Qranob Nkwb OmCB. 
Chambersburg. Pa. 



SEED CORN FOR SALE— At $2.60 per 
bu. by members of Coleraln Grange, No. 
1667, with a germination of 96 to 99% 
growth ; tested by F. W. Bucher, the Lan- 
caster County Farm Bureau man. The va- 
rieties are Cloud's Yellow Dent and Golden 
Queen. Anyone wanting seed com, can com- 
municate with G. A. Hooo, Klrkwood, Pa., 
purchasing agent for said Grange. 



TOBACCO 



PHEASANTS 



PHEASANTS— <}olden. Silver, Amherst 
Reeves. Ginseng Roots and Seed for early 
Spring and Fall plantings. Bantams. N. B 
Custead, Ollphant Furnace, Pa. 



TURKEYS 



GIANT BRONZE TURKEYS— Extra large 
and healthy, unlimited country range. Thir- 
teen eggs, $5.00 : Poults, 80 cents. T. D. 
ScHoriKLD, Woodstock, N. H. 



DOGS 



PEDIGREE COLLIE PUPS —Real quality : 
farm raised ; beautiful ; intelligent. Also 
Embden geese. Plummbr McCullouoh. 
Mercer, Pa. 



100 GOOD. MILD fto CIGARS delivered to 
your door, direct from factory for $2.48. 
Absolute satisfaction Guaranteed. Cosmo- 
POLiTB CiOAR Co., Dept. P., D&llastown, Pa. 



MISCELLANEOUS 



EARN a piano crocheting at home, spare 
time. No selling or investment. No experi- 
ence needed. Braumullbr Co., Union City, 

N. J. 

WHEN YOUR COW DOES NOT BREED 

— Use Cowtone thirty minutes before service. 
Satisfied customers everywhere. 80 cents for 
one cow. $3.90 for 7 cows. Woodlawn 
Farm, Linesvllle, Pa., Route 2. Box 86B. 

RED MITES IN POULTRY HOUSES posi- 
tively destroyed by Di-Mlte Spray. This 
powerful and lasting spray contains S. P. 
F. Carbollneum, the gruarantee of satisfac- 
tion. Write for circulars and proof. If 
your dealer does not carry our products, 
order direct from us : — $.63c per gal. In B6- 
gallon drum ; .78o per gal. In 30-gaIlon 
drum ; 1.25 per gal. In 5-gallon cans — F. 0. 
B. cars destination. 8. P. F. Wood-Pri- 
8ERVINO Co.. Inc., 238-A Main St., Cam- 
bridge, Mass. 



Page 16 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1931 



Real Compensation Insurance 



Our policies furnish compensation protection as re- 
quired by the Compensation Act and in case of accident pays 
benefits according to the Act. 

We protect the employer 24 hours in the day, regardless 
of when or where an accident might occur. 

We have always paid a dividend. 

This company was organized by the sawmill men, thresh- 
ermen and farmers and is controlled by these interests. 

WRITE for detailed information, as to costs, benefits, 
etc. 



Stop ! Look ! Listen ! 

One accident is likely to cost you more than 
insurance protection for a lifetime. A protection 
that will stand between you and a Court and Jury 
in case of an accident is an asset to every man 
employing labor of any description. 



Safety 



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I am intereated in having Casualty Insurance for my help and 
protection for myself, 24 hours in the day. I estimate my payroll 



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Occupation 



Name 



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*#*>«>■»<■■■■■■•—•—>••••*••••*••••••»■■—•»■•■**••••**•■•• 



FINANCIAL STATEMENT 

DECEMBER 31, 1930 



ASSETS 

Cash 118,287.44 

Premiums in Course of Collection 26,921.51 

Premium Notes Receivable 8,170.59 

Investments 862.646. 42 

Accrued Interest 4,744.77 

Re-Insurance Recovered (Invest- 
ed) 2,881.42 



LIABILITIES 

Amounts Payable |88.S4 

Premiums Paid in Advance .... 5,392.27 
Reserve for Unpaid Losses ....116,887.51 
Reserve for Unearned Premiums 85,966.46 

Reserve for Dividends 15,000.00 

Reserve for Unpaid Commissions 8,000.00 
Surplus 192,266.57 



1418,601.15 



1418,601.15 



A dividend of 20% is being paid to all 1930 policyholders. 



Automobile and Truck Insurance 

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Name 

Address... 

Business 



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(City) 



(State) 



Insurance Begins 19 Expires 19. 

Name of Car and Model Series „ „ .- Year Model 

Type of Body _ ^ Number of Cylinders 

Serial Number. Motor Number 

Name of Truck „ Capacity or Weight _ 

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LIST PRICE 



ACTUAL COST 



PURCHASED BY ASSURED— NEW OR 
SECOND HAND 



MONTH 



YEAR 



PENNSYLVANIA THRESHERMEN & FARMERS' MUTUAL CASUALH INSURANCE CO. 

311 Mechanics Trust Building .Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 

THE PENNSYLVANIA THRESHERMEN ft FARMERS' MUTUAL CASUALTY INSURANCE COMPANY ENDORSED BY THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE PENNSYLVANIA 
STATE GRANGE AS THE OFFICIAL GRANGE COMPANY TO WRITE COMPENSATION AND AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE FOR THE GRANGE MEMBERSHIP OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



^ I? f^ Br » \r sp ir^ 

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Entered as 



second-clasB matter at the Post Office at Harrisburg. Pa., under Act of Congress of March 3. 1879 



VOL. XXVIII 



HARRISBURG, PA., MAY, 1931 



No. 2 



Pennsylvania Legislature 
Disposes of Many Bills 

Sunday Baseball, Election Reform, 

20,000 Mile Road Bill, Wheeler 

Road Measure Acted Upon 

By John H. Licht 

OUR Legislative letters outline the important measures from week to 
week. In accord with Grange policy we have advocated Clean Elections 
and Election Reform. The Reform measure as contemplated in a Code 
prepared by the Pennsylvania Elections Association was killed in Committee 
several days ago. This measure had the endorsement of the Governor at 
the time of its introduction and the State Grange was represented in various 
meetings held during the formative period. Within the last week, several 
separate bills aiming at reform have been introduced with the hope of 
bringing about some of the major reforms. 

Every session of the State Legislature in years past has had bills intro- 
duced to modify the Blue Laws of 1794. Early in the session we informed 
our membership of the attempt in the 1931 session to modify them. It is 
possible that overconfidence that no amendment is possible, accounts for 



the strong sentiment to repeal. This was the first time since the Blue Laws 
were enacted that any attempt to liberalize them has reached a roll call. 
On all previous occasions opponents of changes to the Blue Laws have been 
successful in killing bills in committee. Under a Special Order in the House 
of Representatives on April 21st, the Schwartz Bill, extending the sale of 
milk on Sundays from 9 to 10, was to be considered, and an Amend- 
ment to legalize Sunday Baseball between the hours of 2 and 6:30 P.M., 
brought the test vote. 

Arguments for Sunday Baseball were made by Representatives Sowers, 
Sarig, Spangler, Perry and Talbot. Those who spoke against it were Rep- 
resentatives Braham, Butler; Peelor, Indiana; and Lose, Lycoming. The 
vote was 99 for Sunday Baseball and 101 against. We give herewith the 
vote as it was cast, for the benefit of our readers. A number of members 
of the House are Grangers and our readers will be interested to know 
where they stood. 

How Assemblymen Voted on Sunday Baseball Issue 



FOR 
Adams, Lebanon. 
Argentlerl, Philadelphia. 
Baldl, C. C, Philadelphia. 
Baldi. J. F. M., Philadelphia. 
Bell, Allegheny. 
Beyer, Philadelphia. 
Blumber. Philadelphia. 
Burns, Philadelphia. 
Byrne. Westmoreland. 
Conner, Philadelphia. 
Cooke, Philadelphia. 
Cordier, Lackawanna. 
Denning, Philadelphia. 
Dietrich. Allegheny. 
Duffy, Philadelphia. 



Dunn, Allegheny. 
Dwyer, Allegheny. 
Ederer, Montgomery. 
Emhardt, Philadelphia. 
Fish, Philadelphia. 
P'itzgerald, Erie. 
Fleisber, Philadelphia. 
Flynn, Elk. 
Fox, Dauphin. 
Frederick, Lehigh. 
Fuller, Philadelphia. 
Gaghan. Philadelphia. 
Gangloff, Allegheny. 
Graham, Crawford. 
Greeby. Philadelphia. 
Greene, Philadelphia. 




Delegates Attendino the Lecturers Short Course at State College, April 2, 3 and 4 



Page 2 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1931 



May, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 3 



Greeastein, Philadelphia. 
Hart. Philadelphia. 
H»W8, Philadelphia. 
Heffernan. Philadelphia. 
Hefferon, Luzerne. 
Hoffman, Allegheny. 
Hoopes, Berks. 
JafTe, Philadelphia. 
Jones. E. F., Philadelphia, 
king, Erie. 

Kirkbride, Montgomery. 
Lewis, Lackawanna. 
Lynch, Allegheny. 
Maloney, Allegheny. 
Marcks, Lehigh. 
Mathay. Philadelphia. 
McAlee, Northampton. 
McArran, Montour. 
Memolo, Lackawanna. 
Metsler, Allegheny. 
Metzinger, Philadelphia. 
Millar, Philadelphia. 
Munley, Lackawanna. 
Musmano, Allegheny. 
Myers, F. H., Philadelphia. 
Myers. P. M., Philadelphia. 
Nothnagle, Delaware. 
Pennock, Philadelphia. 
Perry. Philadelphia. 
Peters. Montgomery. 
PitU. Philadelphia. 
Powell, Northumberland. 
Phice, Philadelphia. 
Price, Philadelphia. 
Raub. Northampton. 
Reed, F. M., Allegheny. 
Rieder, Westmoreland. 
Roans, Luzerne. 
Rooney. Allegheny. 
Root. Philadelphia.. 
Royal, Philadelphia. 
Ruth, Berks. 
Sarig, Berks. 
Sautter, Philadelphia. 
Schreck, Erie. 
Schwartz, Philadelphia. 
Slnwell, Northampton. 
SofPel. Allegheny. 
Sowers, Philadelphia. 
Spangler. York. 
Spann, Allegheny. 
Stadtlander, Allegheny. 
Steedle, Allegheny. 
Sterling. Philadelphia. 
Stone, Pcttcr. 
Storb. Montgomery. 
Tahl. Philadelphia. 
Talbot, Delaware. 
Tucker, Allegheny. 
Watson, Schuylkill. 
Weaver, Montgomery. 
Weidemann. Delaware. 
Wettach. Allegheny. 
Williams. 1. B., Cambria. 
Williams. J. J. Lackawanna. 
Wilson, L. M., Berks. 
Wltkln, Philadelphia. 
Ziesenhelm, Erie. 

AGAINST 
Baker, Union. 
Barton, Fulton. 
Batcheior, Beaver. 
Bechtel, Schuylkill. 
Bicker, Butler. 
Bldelapacher, Lycoming. 
Black, Fayette. 
Bowers. Fayette. 
Braham, Butler. 
Brown. E. P., Susquehanna. 
Brown. T. J.. Lancaster. 
Carmany, Venango. 
CaufDel. Cambria. 
Defrehn. Cambria. 
Denman. Westmoreland. 
Evans, J. T., Lancaster. 



Evans, T. C. Cambria. 
Eveland. Northumberland. 
Fllnchbaugh, York. 
Garard, Greene. 
Gicking, Luzerne. 
Gillette. Bradford. 
Goehring. Allegheny. 
Griffin, Fayette. 
Griffith, C. R., Indiana. 
Griffith, J. W.. Somerset. 
Hagmaier, Allegheny. 
Haines. Bucks. 
Harkins, Westmoreland. 
Hartsock, Blair. 
Heffner, Huntingdon. 
HefTran. Washington. 
Henderson, Fayette. 
Hermansen, Luzerne. 
Himes, Armstrong. 
Holcombe. Sullivan. 
Holmes, Centre. 
Hutton, Franklin. 
Jones, B., Luzerne. 
Kahle, Clarion. 
Labar, Pike. 
Leidich, Schuylkill. 
Lockhart, Washington. 
Lose, Lycoming. 
Loucks, Westmoreland. 
Male, Northampton. 
Mason, Luzerne. 
McCallister, Washington. 
McClure, Allegheny. 
McElwee, Lawrence. 
McGregor, Armstrong. 
MoKay, Mercer. 
Meredith, Chester. 
Miller, Dauphin. 
Moore, D. G., Washington. 
Moore, W. H., Jefferson. 
Mumford, Warren.. 
Musser, Cambria. 
Neely, Allegheny. 
Patterson. Beaver. 
Peelor, Indiana. 
Post, Northumberland. 
Reader. Beaver. 
Reed, G., Dauphin. 
Rhodes, C. H., Monroe. 
Rhodes, J. A., Allegheny. 
Rhys. Luzerne. 
Rice, Dauphin. 
Richards, Lawrence. 
Riddle, Allegheny. 
Ronemus, Carbon. 
Schrock, Somerset. 
Scott, Schuylkill. 
Sheeley, Adams. 
Sheffer, Mifflin. 
Shellenberger, Juniata. 
Schettel, York. 
Shqrt, Luzerne. 
Shoutt, Columbia. 
Simon, Clinton. 
Snyder, Perry. 
Staudenmeir, Schuylkill. 
Stewart, Clearfield. 
Storer, Allegheny. 
Stott, Chester. 
Strlckler, Lancaster. 
Surface, Snyder. 
Terry, Wyoming. 
Turner, Delaware. 
Wade. Cumberland. 
Wall, Wayne. 
Way, Clearfield. 
Wheeler, Forest, 
White. Chester. 
Williams, G. W., Tioga. 
Wilson, T. B., McKean. 
Wise, Blair. 
Wood. Lancaster. 
Wright, Bedford. 
Yeakel, Bucks. 
Goodnough, Cameron. 




Immediately following: the defeat of the amendment, a second effort 
was made that failed by 94 to 98. Shortly after the defeat of these two at- 
tempts, the Elections Committee reported out House Bill No. 1496 by 
Mr. Denning, which will permit Sunday Baseball on a referendum. The 
test upon this Bill will doubtless come within a week or ten days, and 
every member of the Grange who desires to retain the Sabbath Laws as 
now constituted should address their representative. The above list will 
show the standing of the House upon the issue. 

The 20,000 mile Road Bill has been passed by the House since the last 
issue of Grange News and is now before the Senate. The Wheeler Road 
Bill covers State Reward for townships as well as the completion of the 
Sproul System of Highways. 

The Grange Legislative Committee is working, for the passage of the 
above Road Bills as well as House Bill No. 1313, known as a School Subsidy 
Bill. The Committee, at a meeting held on April 20th, adopted the following: 

Every effort shall be made by the committee to hasten the enactment 
of House Bill No. 1313, School Subsidy Bill which provides for a maximum 
levy of five mills on the full value of real property in fourth-class school 
districts, the State to subsidize the district to the extent of the difference 
between the sum thus raised through local assessment and $1,500 per teacher 
cost of school administration. 

The committee is to sponsor a bill, providing for a Net Profits Tax of 
one per cent on all corporations that are now exempt from the payment 
of a capital stock tax. The bill is H. B. No. 1881, introduced by Mr. 
Surface and is in accord with the Grange policy in Pennsylvania to equalize 
the tax burden. 

Senate Bill No. 636 introduced by Senator Woodward, has Grange back- 
ing. This bill provides for the amendment of the State Constitution, to 
provide for a graduated income tax law. The Grange is demanding that 
$3,000,000 shall be appropriated for township roads in accordance with 
the provisions of the Township Reward Plan. 

Evidence submitted before the Committeees of the House and Senate 



who are investigating The Public Service Commission, clearly indicates the 
urgent need of additional and better regulatory measures, to govern the 
activities of The Public Service Commission. The Grange therefore re- 
affirms its former position in demanding that the interests of the Public 
should be safeguarded against the encroachments of selfish and monopolistic 
control. 



HONOR ROLL 

The following Granges have earned 
a place on the Honor Roll this month. 
Jefferson made the best showing of 
any of the counties. Sugar Hill made 
a gain of 46, and Elder, 15. The latter 

just doubled its membership. If all 
the Granges in the State would do as 

well, the questions which concern ag- 
riculture could easily be solved. Who 
will win next month? 

Clearfield County: 

Penn 9 

Susquehanna 6 

Harmony 14 

Columbia County: 

Berwick , 13 

Bloomingdale 5 

Catawissa 8 

Berks County: 

Shartlesville . . . . » 18 

Gouglersville 16 

Marion 5 

Centerport 5 

Berneville 8 

Jefferson County : 

Elder 15 

Sugar Hill 46 

Luzerne Count.v : 

Jackson 6 

Potter County : 

Odin 8 

Burtville 14 

West Bingham 6 

Schuylkill County: 

Hegins 5 

Susquehanna County: 

Brooklyn 14 

East Great Bend 8 

Gibson Star 15 

Thompson 8 

Tioga County: 

Ogdensburg 7 

Mitchells Mills 6 

Tioga County Center 6 

Wellsboro 5 

Wyoming County: 

Factoryville 6 

Wayne County: 

Indian Orchard 11 

Cherry Ridge 7 

Lookout 5 



PENN STATE GRANGE 

DEDICATES NEW HALL 

The new Grange hall of Penn State 
Grange, located in Old Main, State 
College, Pennsylvania, was dedicated 
Saturday evening, April 11, by our 
National Master, Brother L. J. Taber, 
The officers had their parts learned 
and the ceremony was both impressive 
and inspiring. 

After the dedication was completed 
the National Master gave an inspir- 
ing address on, "Education and Prog- 
ress." He stressed the importance of 
education and showed how it had been 
an important factor in all progress. 

The Annual Banquet followed the 
dedication and again the National 
Master gave an interesting and in- 
structive address on Discipline. Other 
talks were made by Dean Watts, Ken- 
zie Bagshaw and the Worthy State 
Master. Prof. W. R. Gordon acted as 
Toastmaster and just as efficient 
there as in his other work. 



Study every advertisement. 



For Your Own 
Protection in 
Your Own Grange 



THE Grangers* New Policy that 
will benefit everyone, that is 
planned and designed to protect 
each and every Granger at a 
minimum cost. This new form, a 
Modified Life Policy, has the 
following advantages: — It pro- 
vides permanent life insurance 
protection; it has conversion priv- 
ileges; double indemnity may be 
had for a small additional pre- 
mium. 

The premiums during the first 
five years are approximately one- 
half the cost of an Ordinary Life 
Policy. After five years the pre- 
miums are still less than a life 
policy taken at the attained age. 

This policy is backed by your 
own Grange Life Insurance Com- 
pany, which is always trying to 
give patrons the maximum insur- 
ance service at minimum cost to 
them. 

This policy is now available — 
you can inquire of your Grange 
Company. 



Farmers & Traders Life 
Insurance Co. 

Home OFfice-State Tower Bldg. 
Syracuse, N. Y. 



INrRODUCING 



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In fact la tne rreateat triumph In the 
hlatory of STKAWBEB&T BREEDZNO. 

Prices: 25 planU, 14.00; SO plants, S6.00; 
100 plants, $10.00: larger quantities at 100 
rates. 



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nivt>« full <)o«rrl|itlniis with the pedlfree of 
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In fact nio«t every thinit nee<le<« In the home 
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75 Vine Str««t, Salisbury. Md. 




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ALYS JOHNSTON CO. D«Pt. 25. POLO. ILL 




AMENDMENTS TO DIGEST 

Two important Amendments were 
made to the Digest by the National 
Grange at the Rochester meeting. The 
first has to do with encumbering 
Grange real estate and reads as fol- 
lows: 

"No Subordinate Grange shall sell, 
or encumber real estate except by 
vote of the Grange at a regular meet- 
ing, on resolution presented at a pre- 
vious regular meeting. Such resolution 
shall set a date upon which vote will be 
taken, and said date shall be not less 
than two weeks nor more than three 
months following the introduction of 
such resolution. All members shall 
be notified in writing of the date such 
resolution is to be voted upon, and its 
purport." 

The second pertains to Grange 
Property, and is the one that needs 
prompt attention by every State Dep- 
uty. All empty Grange halls should 
be reported to me at once and an 
effort will be made to dispose of them 
in accordance with the Amendment, 
which reads as follows: 

"Whenever a Grange has ceased to 
function as such and has failed to 
make disposition of its property, such 
property then becomes the property of 
the State Grange, subject, however, 
to any valid claims against such prop- 
erty or liens thereon; the State 
Grange assuming no liability for such 
claims or liens. The State Master 
with the advice and consent of the 
Executive Committee of the State 
Grange may dispose of such property, 
except as provided for in Section 16, 
Chapter 9, of the National Grange 
Digest, and hold the proceeds of the 
same in the State Grange Treasury 
in trust, pending the reorganization 
of the Subordinate Grange; interest 
accruing, becoming the property of 
the State Grange." 

The wisdom of this Amendment 
was very forcibly brought to the at- 
tention of the State Master during 
the latter part of March, when he in- 
spected a hall, where the Grange has 
been dormant since 1924. The door 
was not locked and any one could 
enter. The floor was covered with 
Grange property, manuals, song 
books, badges, etc. The Charter was 
still hanging on the wall and showed 
• that the Grange was organized in 
1875. It was signed by D. B. Mauger, 
the first State Master, and O. H. 
Kelley, the founder of the Order and 
the first National Secretary. 

Such conditions ought not to ob- 
tain and steps will be taken to correct 
them as soon as possible. Deputies 
are requested to make a survey of 
their territory and if any such con- 
ditions are found report them to the 
State Master at once. Granges must 
either function or have the State 
Grange take charge of their property 
This is in accordance with instruc- 
tions from the Executive Committee 
nt a meeting held at State College, 
April 2 and 3, 1931. 

Indiana Pomona 

Indiana held its March meeting 
with Marchand Grange, Thursday, 
March 26, 1931. The attendance was 
good at all sessions, but unusually 
large for the evening. 

The Reports of Subordinate 
Oranges did not show any increase in 
membership, but did indicate an in- 
creased interest in the Order and 
that will stimulate Grange growth. 
The worthy Pomona Master reported 



having visited thirteen Granges dur- 
ing the quarter and plans are being 
made to increase the membership 
throughout the County. 

During the afternoon session a 
large class was instructed in the Fifth 
Degree, bv the Worthy Past Master 
of Tioga Pomona. The Worthy State 
Master then held a School for Mas- 
ters, Deputies and other Grange 
workers, which was enjoyed and ap- 
preciated by those in attendance. 

The evening session was open to the 
public and the hall was filled to its 
capacity. The program consisted of 
music, readings, a one-act play, and 
an address by the Worthy State Mas- 
ter. The new Pomona Master, 
Brother C. C. Steele is taking an 
active interest in the work and results 
are bound to follow his efforts. 

New Juvenile in McKean County 

State Master, E. B. Dorsett, or- 
ganized a Juvenile Grange at Port 
Allegany, Saturday, March 28th, with 
28 Charter members. 

Albert Weimer was elected Master, 
Vesta Hardcs, Lecturer, and Ada 
Hardes, Secretary. 

The Grange has a fine corps of of- 
ficers and will begin active work as 
soon as Manuals arrive. Sister Anna 
Burr was elected Matron and was 
very active in getting the Charter list 
signed. The day was rainy and the 
roads in bad condition, or more would 
have been added to the list. 

Liberty Grange has a fine hall arid 
the Juvenile will have a splendid 
room in which to meet. The Grange 
was organized in the forenoon and 
when completed, the Juvenile mem- 
bers were served a delicious lunch by 
members of the Subordinate Grange. 



None of them ever come to Harris- 
burg and help enact legislation in 
the farmers' interest. Their chief ob- 
ject is to get his money with the least 
possible resistance. 

The Keystone Grange can and will 
serve your every need if you will give 
it your full support. You are paying 
the freight, why not get the returns 
and use them in building an organi- 
zation that has done and is doing so 
much for Agriculture? 
Fraternally, 

E. B. Dorsett. 



GET ELECTRICITY NOW 



bELCO-LIGHT 



WHO PAYS THE FREIGHT? 

A recent survey of Grange condi- 
tions in Eastern Pensylvania, revealed 
the fact that many patrons are giv- 
ing support to organizations outside of 
the State, rather than to their own. 

The recent victory achieved by the 
National Grange aided by other farm 
organizations ought to convince any 
one of the necessity of supporting and 
maintaining an organization that is 
constantly on guard protecting and 
advancing the cause of agriculture. 

The passage of the Brigham-Town- 
send Act, means a saving of more than 
a million dollars a day to the dairy 
interests of this country. This was 
made possible by the Grange taking 
the initiative and leading the fight. 
It is not too much to say, that no 
other organization could have done 
what the Grange did in such a short 
time and with such splendid success. 

Achievements such as this can only 
be obtained through organized effort, 
intelligently applied. To build our 
order has taken many years of patient 
toil and sacrifice. We have many 
agencies of service to meet the needs 
of our Patrons. The Keystone Grange 
Exchange is the best known and of 
greatest service to a large number 
of our Patrons. 

Those who patronize it know its 
value and those who do not are pay- 
ing the freight and getting nothing 
in return. It seems like a waste of 
time, energy and money to build an 
organization and let some one else 
commercialize it at our expense. 

None of the organizations, outside 
our State, that are doing business 
with the Grange, contribute anything 
towards its growth and maintenance. 



HONOR ROLL 

STANDARD FOR MERCER 

COUNTY GRANGES 

Points 

(1) Ten per cent gain in mem- 
bership reckoned from the 1931 
Register, on members received, 
either new or reinstated 100 

(2) For each member received 
over the 10% gain, 10 points 
each will be allowed 

(3) Written report at each 
Pomona meeting 50 

(4) Verbal report in place of 
written report (10) 

(5) At least two delegates 
representing your Grange at 
each Pomona meeting 50 

(6) Grange dues paid in full 

to State Grange each quarter . . 50 

(7) At least 12 meetings dur- 
ing Contest 25 

(8) Your Grange to be rep- 
resented in taking part in the 
Literary program of at least one 
Pomona meeting during the> 
Contest 75 

(9) Open and close the 
Grange in full form without the 

use of Manual 25 

(10) American flag in each 
Grange meeting place 25 

Total points 400 

Rulings 

(1) Contest will include the period 
from February Pomona meeting 1931 
up to and including the February 
Pomona meeting 1932. 

(2) Members received by Demit not 
included in count. 

(3) Nos. 9 and 10 will be under 
Deputy inspection. 

(4) All Honor Roll Granges will 
be published with honors. 

(5) The two Granges having the 
highest number of points on mem- 
bership gain, will be awarded suitable 
prizes. 



R/E DUCED 



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UP TO $100 A MONTH 



FARM POPULATION 

SHOWS INCREASE 

Industrial unemployment is send- 
ing people back to the farms, esti- 
mates of the bureau of agricultural 
economics. United States Department 
of Agriculture, indicate. 

Movement from cities to farms in 
1930 was the largest since 1924. Last 
year 1,392,000 persons moved from 
cities to farms, compared with a peak 
movement of 1,396,000 in 1924. The 
number of persons who left farms for 
towns and cities in 1930 was 1,543,- 
000, compared with 1,875,000. persons 
in 1929 and a peak movement of 
2,155,000 in 1926. 

While the net movement from 
farms was 151,000 last year, a normal 
increase of 359,000 births over deaths 
on farms during the year brougnt the 
total farm population on January 1, 
1931, to 27,430,000 persons as com- 
pared with 27,222,000 persons on Jan- 
uary 1, 1930. 

In the middle Atlantic states the 
movement to farms was 111,000 per- 
sons and the movement to cities was 
95,000 persons, a net gain for the 
farms of 16,000. 



The Postal Life & Casualty Insurance 
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Mo,, is offering a new accident policy 
that pays up to $100 a month for 24 
months for disability and $1,000.00 for 
deaths — costs less than Ic a day — $3.50 
a year. Over 68,000 already have this 
protection. Men, women and children, 
ages 10 to 70, eligible. Send no money. 
Simply send name, address, age, bene- 
ficiary's name and relationship and they 
will send this policy on 10 days* FREE 
inspection. No examination is required. 
This offer is limited, so write them to- 
day. 




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D«pt. 1 09 PMI«d«lpliia, Pa. 



If 






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44B W. Ormata St., LaacaaUr, Pa. 



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Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA DOG LAW A 
REAL PROTECTION TO 
LIVE STOCK AND POULTRY 

That Pennsylvania has an effective 
Dog Law, the vigorous enforcement 
of which is providing protection to 
the live stock and poultry of the State, 
is clearly shown when comparison is 
made of the results in Pennsylvania, 
under Bureau of Animal Industry, 
Pennsylvania Department of Agricul- 
ture supervision, and that of New 
York State as shown in a recent re- 
port issued by the Department of Ag- 
riculture and Markets of the State 
of New York. 

New York State licensed in 1930, 
417,692 dogs, against 507,641 in Penn- 
sylvania. New York State has less 
than 500,000 sheep against 480,000 
in Pennsylvania. Dogs killed and in- 
jured 21,284 sheep in New York State 
during 1930, against 5,010 in Penn- 
sylvania. 

Both states have about the same 
number of sheep. Pennsylvania li- 
censed 90,000 more dogs, yet New 
York State, with less dogs licensed, 
had four times the number of sheep 
killed and injured. 

The following table further shows 
the results of Pennsylvania enforce- 
ment; 

Killed and Injured 

N. Y. Pa. 

Sheep 21,284 5,010 

Cattle (Including 

Calves 450 51 

Swine 196 90 

Horses • 4 

Poultry 19,716 8,966 

Hares and Rabbits 1,320 1,419 

Goats 79 15 

These figures clearly show the re- 
sults of the Pennsylvaiiia plan of 
State enforcement through a proper- 
ly organized agency. 

Damages in Pennsylvania are 
greatly reduced from what they were 
before the enforcement of the Dog 
Law was placed under State super- 
vision. Live stock and poultry owners 
of Pennsylvania are fortunate to have 
this protection and should recognize 
this by giving whole-hearted support 
to this Law. 




CELEBRATES FIFTY-FIFTH 

ANNIVERSARY 

Middletown Grange celebrated its 
fifty-fifth anniversary on Friday, 
March 27th, in the Friends' School 
House, Langhome. 

About 120, including members with 
their families and invited guests as- 
sembled for the bountiful supper 
served in honor of the occasion. 

Following the supper a program ar- 
ranged by the lecturer, Hannah G. 
C. Pickering, was presented. The 
Master of the Grange, R. Walker 
Jackson, acted as master of cere- 
monies for the evening. 

Middletown Grange is proud to 
claim one charter member, Rebecca 
Tomlinson. Mrs. Tomlinson was pres- 
ent and on behalf of the Grange, 
Wm. P. Newbold presented her with 
a beautiful bouquet and voiced the 
appreciation of the Grange for her 
fifty-five years of membership. Mrs. 
Tomlinson gave a gracious response. 

Eleven of the Past Masters of the 
Grange were called to the front of the 
hall and each received a gavel in mem- 
ory of his term of office. The heads 
of these gavels were made from a 
walnut tree planted and raised by the 
late Alan Tomlinson, one of the 
founders of the Langhome Grange, 
while the handles were of white pine 
taken from the desk used by the first 
two secretaries of the Grange. The 
gavels were presented by Mildred Wil- 
liam and Laurene Newbold and Bar- 
bara Jackson, the fourth generation 



of the Newbold and Jackson families 
to be in the Grange. The Past Mas- 
ters receiving these tokens of appre- 
ciation were Aaron Tomlinson, Ellis 
Tomlinson, Edwin Ridge, Wm. P. 
Newbold, Joseph Edgerton, Dr. H. C. 
Terry, Jesse Webster, Andrew Hibbs, 
Russell Newbold, Henry Pickering 
and Jacob Hibbs. Albert Tomlinson 
and John Ivins, also Past Masters 
were unable to attend. 

A Mock Radio Broadcast, by Mrs. 
Frank Mather and Mrs. Benj. Park, 
assisted by Miss Georgiana Mather, 
was much enjoyed and following it 
Miss Laurene Newbold sang, "The 
Sleepytown Express," and responded 
to an encore. 

Among the guests of the evening 
were Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Gross, of 
Plumsteadville Grange and Mr. and 
Mrs. Ralph Crowell, of Tyro Hall 
Grange. 

Mr. Gross and Mr. Crowell, the 
latter a deputy of Lower Bucks and 
Philadelphia Pomona, spoke briefly 
on matters of Grange interest. Mrs. 
Crowell delighted the audience by 
singing a group of old time songs in 
costume. 

A piano solo by Mildred Newbold 
was followed by lantern slides. The 
pictures from "Alice's Adventures in 
Wonderland, were much enjoyed by 
the children. 

Music for the evening was delight- 
fully furnished by a five piece orches- 
tra of which Ira Savage, violinist was 
leader. 



GRANGERS TALK OF 

RURAL TAXATION 

The tax problem is not one of re- 
duction, but rather a more even 
spread of the burden of taxation, 
Henry Reist, extension representative 
in agricultural economics of State 
College, said recently in speaking on 
rural taxation at an open meeting of 
Briarcreek Grange that it was well for 
citizens to know the facts but he be- 
lieved that the final solution will have 
to come through legislation, Reist 
doesn't expect taxes to come down for 
the citizen receives more from taxes 
than previously. He is given better 
roads, aid in agriculture, police pro- 
tection, and other benefits as the re- 
sult of taxes that were not received 
at all or so fully when taxes were 
lowered. 

With taxes to remain the same, 
Reist said the solution to the problem 
is rather a more even spreading of 
tht^ burden of taxation. 

The present plan of assessment is 
based on a tax theory formulated 150 
years ago when 75 per cent of the in- 
come came from agriculture. Indus- 
try had not de-^eloDed very much at 
that time. 

Too many incomes are not on a 
parity with others with regard to 
taxation and thus the burden of taxa- 
tion is not properly distributed. The 
rural people are paying to educate 
two times as many boys and girls as 
remain on the farm. When they 
reach maturity they go to the larger 
communities and serve those commu- 
nities as citizens. Therefore, Reist 
pointed out, rural education should 
be helped. 

Only 17 per cent of the traffic over 
township roads is that of the farmer. 
He declared that there is too much 
inequality in assessments and too 
much variation in costs of collecting 
taxes. 

In discussing the solution of the 
problem, which would be equalizing 
taxation, he suggested that more tax 
money could be made available by 
taxing incomes and that a half cent 
of gas tax could be allocated back to 
the townships on the basis of town- 
ship road mileage. 



NEW GRANGE IS 

FORMED AT CULBERTSON 

More than fifty prominent citizens 
of the Culbertson community, Frank- 
lin County, assembled at the school- 
house to consider plans for establish- 
ing a Grange. Howard G. Eisaman, 
lecturer of the Pennsylvania State 
Grange, was present and outlined the 
work and activities of the order. Mr. 
Eisaman emphasized particularly the 
activities of the Grange's insistent 
demands for a high standard of life 
in rural Pennsylvania and rural 
America. 

Charles S. Andrews was elected 
Master of the new Grange, Melvin E. 
Martin was elected secretary and Ed- 
gar Snoke was elected to the office of 
lecturer. The second and fourth Fri- 



May, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 



days of each month were selected as 
the regular meeting dates of the new 
Grange. 

State Lecturer Eisaman has spent 
several days in Franklin County in 
the interest of the Grange movement 
and he states that he finds sentiment 
among the farm and rural people of 
the county very favorable and sym- 
pathetic to the Grange. It is expected 
that another Grange will be organized 
in the Greencastle community within 
the next week, and as organization 
work has been started in other com- 
munities, it is anticipated that Frank- 
lin County will soon see a well-estab- 
lished and flourishing Grange move- 
ment, and thus be directly allied with 
the oldest and largest organization in 
the world. 




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threshing any kind of grain. 

Jt will pay you to read the detailed description in Bulletin No. 529. Has 
the reputation as being the best bean thresher. 

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The hecturers Corner 

By Howard G. Eisaman^ State Lecturer 



First Short Course Represented by Fifty Counties. 
Successful Conference Ever Held 



Most 



In evidence of a great and growing 
Grange movement in Pennsylvania, 
more than 300 Grange Lecturers, 
Juvenile Matrons, Grange Masters 
and Grange members assembled at 
State College on April 2, 3, 4, for the 
first annual Short Course for Grange 
Lecturers. An unprecedented degree 
of enthusiasm and Grange interest 
was manifested by the delegates 
throughout the three-day session. 
This unfaltering enthusiasm among 
Grange leaders promises well for the 
future of our Order. An intensive 
program was presented under the di- 
rection of College, University, State 
and National Grange leaders. This 
program emphasized the economic, 
technical, historic and community in- 
terests of the Grange and of the agri- 
cultural and rural life interests of 
Pennsylvania. In addition to treat- 
ing the several phases of Grange en- 
deavor, a large portion of the second 
day of the conference was confined to 
the discussion of the technique of 
building and presenting Grange pro- 
grams. That the entire program was 
enjoyed and appreciated by the dele- 
gates was evidenced by the enthu- 
siastic declarations of many to the 
efiFect that the array of program talent 
was by far the best that had ever been 
presented to any Grange group in 
Pennsylvania. The outstanding suc- 
cess of this first Short Course will in- 
sure the continuation of this project 
in future years. A project, which be- 
cause of its unlimited possibilities for 
rendering a distinctive and far-reach- 
ing service, will grow in popularity 
and favor among the Grange workers 
of Pennsylvania. One of the inter- 
esting features which characterized 
this meeting was the very apparent 
demand among the rural leaders pres- 
ent for more help and assistance in 
administering to the rural community 
and social needs. This demand which 
manifested itself at the Short Course 
is augmented by the hundreds of 
requests that come to the State Lec- 
turer's Office, for assistance in matters 
pertaining to social and community 
activities. Many rural workers in 
Pennsylvania feel that the field of 
rural sociology offers splendid op- 
portunities for building a higher 
standard, and thus, a happier and 
more contented rural life. Some have 
expressed the belief that this field of 
rural service has been too long neg- 
lected in Pennsylvania. Many dele- 
gates at the Short Course ventured 
the opinion that the need of this type 
of service is so imperative that no 
less than three or four persons should 
be engaged throughout the year in 
this field of endeavor. 

Who Was There? 

The Western and Northern tier 
counties had a little the jump on the 
Eastern and Southern counties in rep- 
resentation and numbers. Crawford 
County carried off the honors in at- 
tendance, with 33 representatives and 
members present. Tioga and Erie 
Counties tie for second honors with 
15 representatives each, and Butler 
County is a close third with 13 dele- 
gates. Indiana is fourth with nine 
dHegates, while Bedford, Jefferson, 
Washington, and Wyoming Counties 
are neck and neck for fifth place with 
eight representatives each. The fol- 
io wmg counties were represented: 



Allegheny, Beaver, Bedford, Blair, 
Bradford, Bucks, Butler, Cambria, 
Centre, Chester, Clarion, Clearfield, 
Clinton, Columbia, Crawford, Cum- 
berland, Dauphin, Elk, Erie, Fayette, 
Greene, Huntingdon, Indiana, Jeffer- 
son, Juniata, Lackawanna, Lancaster, 
Lawrence, Lebanon, Lehigh, Luzerne, 
Lycoming, McKean, Mercer, Mont- 
gomery, Montour, Northumberland, 
Perry, Potter, Schuylkill, Snyder, 
Somerset, Susquehanna, Tioga, War- 
ren, Washington, Wayne, Union, 
Westmoreland and Wyoming. 

The Eastern and Southern counties 
will have a chance to even up their 
attendance scores at the Middle At- 
lantic Grange Lecturers' Conference, 
which will be held at The University 
of Maryland, August 11, 12, 13, 14. 
The response of the counties through- 
out Pennsylvania to the call for dele- 
gates to the Short Course was most 
gratifying. More Granges than ever 
before assumed the responsibility of 
paying, in whole or in part, the ex- 
penses of their delegates. This is as 
it should be; delegates attend such 
functions in the interest of the 
Grange movement and the Grange 
represented will be the prime bene- 
factor through better trained and 
more efficient leadership. The ex- 
penses of eighty per cent of all dele- 
gates present were paid wholly or in 
part by the Pomona and Subordinate 
Granges. Pomona Granges were very 
liberal in this respect, their contribu- 
tions ranging from $10.00 to $3.00 to 
each of their delegates attending. 
Crawford and Snyder Counties lead 
in this particular, with Crawford 
County giving $10.00 to each of their 
delegates and Snyder County Pomona 
No. 70 offering to pay $9.00 to each 
of the Lecturers who would attend 
either the State College Short Course 
or the Middle Atlantic Conference, 
with the privilege of attending both, 
in which event they would pay $18.00 
to the Lecturer. Congratulations, 
Crawford and Snyder Counties; you 
have learned that the Grange funds 
which serve best are the funds that 
are in circulation for the promotion 
of Grange activities. 

Special Features 

Despite the fact that the intensive 
Short Course program utilized every 
available moment each day from 8 : 30 
o'clock in the morning until 9 : 30 and 
10 : 30 o'clock each evening, the 
Pomona Lecturers and Juvenile Ma- 
trons each managed to crowd in a 
very interesting special session, which 
lasted long into the night. At these 
meetings detailed plans for promoting 
the activities of their respective offices 
were discussed. 

Juvenile Matrons Organize 

Juvenile Matrons perfected an or- 
ganization which is to be known as 
the Pennsylvania State Association 
of Juvenile Matrons. Mrs. Clara 
Dewey, Waterford, Erie County, was 
elected president of the association; 
Mrs. Elizabeth Starky, Mansfield, 
Tioga County, was elected Secretary 
and Treasurer. Each Juvenile Ma- 
tron in the State is requested to join 
this association. Annual membership 
dues are 25 cents. Matrons joining 
the association will send their applica- 
tion and dues to Mrs. Starky. This 
commendable move on the part of the 



Juvenile Matrons is for the purpose 
of promoting the Juvenile Grange 
movement in Pennsylvania, as well as 
to aid and encourage the Juvenile 
Matrons in their work. Two impor- 
tant recommendations were made by 
the Juvenile Matrons: viz., 1st, That 
the future Short Course programs 
should provide for special features, 
which will treat specifically of prob- 
lems effecting the Juvenile Grange 
and the Juvenile program. 2d, That 
Pennsylvania State Grange should 
establish the office of State Juvenile 
Matron. This recommendation is to 
be formally presented to the State 
Grange, for consideration at its 1931 
session. 

Pomona Lecturers Association 

This association meeting was at- 
tended by 30 Pomona Lecturers. 
Many items of interest were discussed 
and definite plans were laid for ex- 
tending the work and influence of 
the Pomona Lecturer's Office. The 
following officers were elected : Presi- 
dent, David Douglas, Beaver Falls; 
Vice President, Wm. Karschner, Gale- 
ton; Secretary, Mrs. Isaac Black- 



burn, Spring Hope; Corresponding 
Secretary, Mrs. Ira C. Gross, Beaver- 
town. Every Pomona Lecturer of 
Pennsylvania should be a member of 
this association. Annual membership 
dues are 50 cents. Pomona Lec- 
turers should send their application 
and dues to Mrs. Ira C. Gross. One 
of the activities planned for this as- 
sociation that promises to be of in- 
estimable value and service to the 
Pomona Lecturers is the program ex- 
change. This service is to be under 
the direction of Mrs. Ira Gross. 
Each Pomona Lecturer is requested 
to print 57 extra copies of their 
quarterly programs ; in counties where 
programs are not printed, it is sug- 
gested that mimeograph copies of the 
program be supplied. Possibly as- 
sistance in this may be procured from 
the Agricultural Extension Office; 
consult your County Agent. The 
Lecturer will then forward these 57 
program copies to Mrs. Gross, who 
will in turn supply a copy of each 
program submitted to the Lecturers 
who are members of the association. 
This program exchange should prove 
helpful to the Pomona Lecturers, as 



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CarMENTION YOU SAW THIS ADV. IN GRANGE NEWS 



Win $22S0 

Many big prizes offered you now. More 
than $5,600.00 distributed in 50 Grand 
Prizes. Some one surely winsBig$l ,500.00 f^ 
Buick Sedan, and if prompt, * 750.00 cash 
extra, or $2,250.00 All Cash '^ preferred. 
Why not you? We paid S. H. Bennett 
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followed Simple Plan, and won a Big 
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Evening comes and strange shadows appear. 
Some look like boys' faces. How many faces can 
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$750 Cash Extra for Promptness 

5 CARS For being prompt, I will pay the winner of First Prixe $750.00 Cash 
GIVEN Extra. Everyone who takes active part profits. Duplicate prizes paid 
in case of ties. No matter who you arc — try for this Big $2,250.00 First 
Prize. Send no money. This big ofTer open to everyone living in the 
U. S. except those in Chicago, III. We have purposely made everything 
simple to do, easy to understand, so more people can share in our grand 
prize distribution. If you want to win, send for Simple Plan. FIND 5 
FACES IN THIS PICTURE. Rush Answer. Address 

HAL WILSON, Mgr. 848 W. Adams St. Dept. 71 CHiCAQO 



Page 6 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1931 



May, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 7 




well as encouraging a continuity of 
thought and action among the 
Pomona Granges of the State. The 
Pomona Lecturers were urged to hold 
local Lecturers' Conferences within 
their jurisdictions. The association 
recommended that the regional con- 
ferences should be continued by the 
Pennsylvania State Grange. The 
following Pomona Lecturers attended 
this association meeting: David 
Douglas, Beaver County; Mrs. Isaac 
Blackburn, Bedford County; Mrs. R. 
H. McDougall, Butler County; H. C. 
McWilliams, Cambria County; Edith 

B. Maule, Chester County; Mrs. 
Mildred Lisk, Crawford County; 
Mrs. Wm. S k e 1 1 y, Cumberland 
County ; Fred W. Blair, Erie County ; 
M. L. Husted, Greene County; Mrs. 

C. W. Cummins, Indiana County; 
Mrs. Margaret Ross, Jefferson 
County ; D. L. Martin, Juniata 
County; Mrs. Charlotte Ruppin, Lan- 
caster County; Mrs. J. O. Cameron, 
Lawrence County; Herbert Bronson, 
Luzerne County; Mrs. L. D. Sedam, 
Lycoming County ; Mrs. H. C. Bums, 
Mercer County ; Mrs. Chas. Harpster, 
Northumberland County; J. Frank 
Newlin, Perry County ; Wm. Karsch- 
ner. Potter County ; Mrs. Alvin Fritz, 
Schuylkill County; Mrs. Ira C. 
Gross, Snyder County; Mrs. Geo. R. 
Barkman, Somerset County; Mrs. 
Elizabeth Starky, Tioga County; 
Mrs. Mollie Johnson, Warren County ; 
Mrs. R. B. McNary, Washington 
County; Mrs. Lillian Arnold, Wayne 
County; Ethel Jones, Westmoreland 
County, and Mrs. Lulu VanScoy, 
Wyoming County. 

The Banquet 

One of the delightful and interest- 
ing features of the Short Course was 
the banquet which was held on Fri- 
day evening in the basement lounge 
of Old Main. Tables were spread for 
240 persons, where a three-course 
banquet dinner was served. Music, 
songs, readings, cheers, laughter, and 
frivolity made for a genuine banquet 
spirit, the memory of which will long 
remain a pleasant one, with all of 
those who were present. Edward K. 
Hibshman, Secretary of the Penn 
State Alumni Association, addressed 
the banquet group on the subject, 
"Pennsylvania's Contribution to Our 
National Agriculture." In this ad- 
dress, Mr. Hibshman very interest- 
ingly and graphically pictured the ac- 
tivities and the movements of the 
early Pennsylvania settlers, depicting 
the influence of the national Euro- 
pean background and traditions of 
the various peoples who settled Penn- 
sylvania, tracing that influence up to 
the present time and vividly showing 
how these established customs and 
traditions have extended into the 
Western stretches of the United 
States. 

Space will not permit a detailed 
discussion here of the many subjects 
considered at the Short Course ses- 
sion; however, the following list of 
the personnel of the speakers and 
leaders, and the subjects treated, will 
at least enable the reader to appre- 
ciate the high program standard 
which prevailed throughout the en- 
tire session: Prof. Fred F. Lininger, 
Professor of Agricultural Economics, 
Pennsylvania State College; subject, 
"The Present Economic Situation 
and Some of the Reasons For It." 
F. P. Weaver, Professor of Agricul- 
tural Economics, Pennsylvania State 
College; subject, "Rural Tax Prob- 
lems and Pending Legislation." 
Kenzie Bagshaw, Secretary, Execu- 
tive Committee, Pennsylvania State 
Grange; subject, "The Grange As a 
Factor in Improving the Economic 
Situation." Ralph D. Hetzel, Presi- 



dent, Pennsylvania State College; 
subject, "Welcome to Short Course 
Members." Ralph L. Watts, Dean, 
School of Agriculture, Pennsylvania 
State College; subject, "The Funda- 
mental Requisites of Rural Leader- 
ship." John A. McSparran, Secre- 
tary of Agriculture ; subject, "Grange 
Leadership — Its Needs and Oppor- 
tunities." Howard G. Eisaman, Lec- 
turer Pennsylvania State Grange; 
subject, "The Lecture Hour Program 
— Its Structure, Its Purpose, Its Pres- 
entation." Anna A. MacDonald, Ex- 
tension Librarian, Pennsylvania State 
Library; subject, "Books — How to 
Get Them and How to Use Them." 
Dr. Walter H. Whiton, Executive 
Committee, New Jersey State Grange ; 
subjects, "The Lecturer of Today" 
and "The Grange and the Commu- 
nity : Opportunities and Obligations." 
E. B. Dorsett, Master, Pennsylvania 
State Grange; subject, "The Grange 
Lecturer and the Pennsylvania 
Grange Program." Joseph C. Fich- 
ter, Lecturer, Ohio State Grange; 
subjects, "The Grange Appeal to 
Rural Youth" and "Grange Meetings 
— How to Get Members to Take Part ; 
Where to Find Materials." Fred 
Brenckman, Washington Representa- 
tive, National Grange; subject, "The 
Grange Lecturer and the National 
Grange Program." M. S. McDowell, 
Director of Extension, Pennsylvania 
State College. H. G. Niesley, As- 
sistant Director of Extension, Penn- 
sylvania State College; subject, "The 
Agricultural Extension Service: Its 
Organization and Function." W. R. 
Gordon, Professor of Rural Sociology, 
Pennsylvania State College; subject, 
"Successful Community Enterprises." 
B. L. Hummel, Professor of Rural 
Sociology, University of Virginia; 
subject, "Some Practical Objectives 
in Rural Community Life." 

That the 1932 Short Course for 
Grange Lectures will be a success is 
indicated by the interest that is al- 
ready being manifested in next year's 
course. Several Lecturers have sent 
in suggestions for next year's pro- 
gram and have indicated their inten- 
tion to attend. Tioga County, under 
the leadership of their Pomona Lec- 
turer, Mrs. Elizabeth Starky, have 
initiated a movement to raise funds 
to pay the expenses of all their Lec- 
turers and Juvenile Matrons to next 
year's Short Course. Tioga County's 
goal for next year is 100% attend- 
ance of their Lecturers and Matrons. 
We appreciate that interest and co- 
operation, Tioga County. Let us all 
plan and dream and boost for the 
1932 Short Course. 



WHAT THE ORANGE HAS 

DONE FOR THE FARMER 

This was the subject of the State 
Master's address at the recent In- 
diana Pomona Meeting. Credit is 
due the County Agent for the report. 

Mr. I)orsett said, "The Grange has 
been the farmer's best friend for 
pixty-five years, and it will continue 
to give aid as long as we, the mem- 
bers of the Grange, give it support. 
We must increase our membership, 
for in numbers there is strength, and 
we must go to our men in Congress, 
backed by numbers, if we are to gain 
their support." Mr. Dorsett said that 
one of the big things that the Indi- 
vidual Granges, both Ponoma and the 
local, could do was to let their rep- 
resentatives in the State and National 
governments know what they want. 
He further stated that it was to the 
advantage of our representatives to 
support the voice of the people, pro- 
viding that voice was backed by large 
numbers of voters. 

Mr. Dorsett then went on to show 



some of the things that the Grange 
had done in the past for agriculture. 
He stated that the farmer must try 
to better his own conditions, and this 
can only be done by the united sup- 
port of those interested in agriculture. 
If we are to have better roads, more 
modern schools and up-to-date com- 
munication facilities, we must bound 
together and make our wants known. 

Rural free delivery was one of the 
first big accomplishments of the 
Grange. This movement was started 
by a local Grange in southwestern 
Pennsylvania, one of our neighbor- 
ing counties. The agitation rapidly 
spread among the rural districts until 
our Congressmen had but one choice, 
and that was to support making a law. 
Then came the parcel post, another 
movement started by the Grange, 
making it possible for the farmers to 
get their goods brought to the door. 

Sixteen years the Grange fought for 
a Department of Agriculture at 
Washington, and today we have one 
of the finest Departments of Agricul- 
ture in any country in the world. Mr. 
Dorsett went on to state that the U. S. 
Department of Agriculture was so 
highly developed that it not only car- 
ried on research work in this country, 
but that it had high class scientific 
men located in every country in the 
universe. These are only a few of the 
things that the Grange has accom- 
plished in the way of legislature pro- 
cedure, stated Mr. Dorsett, and there 
are hundreds of other bills and meas- 
ures that have gone through largely 
because they were supported by the 
Grange. 

"When agriculture prospers, every 
industry prospers," stated Worthy 
Master Dorsett. Our Congressmen 
and representatives have come to real- 
ize this more and more, and today we 
find them spending months trying to 
aid the farmers. Only about 40% of 
the voting population of this country 
exercise their privileges. This means 
that if the rural people will do their 
duty and go to the polls, they could 
in a large measure, control the vote 
of this country. 

Another big accomplishment of the 
legislature due directly to pressure 
from the National Grange, was the 
passage of the new oleomargarine law 
at Washington, stated Mr. Dorsett. 
He went on to show how this law was 
very similar to the Pennsylvania law 
which has been in force for several 
years, requiring a ten-cent tax on all 
colored oleo. Mr. Dorsett went on to 
show how the Grange was responsible 
for the new law at Washington. He 
cited the incident when the National 
Master Taber took the bill before the 
Senate with the words, "This bill 
must go through," and within twenty- 
fours it had passed both Houses and 
been signed by the President, a record 
for such an important measure. 

"We must so adjust our tax laws 
that the burden of supporting our 
governmental and public services will 
be equally distributed throughout the 
State," said Mr. Dorsett. He went on 
to state that the present regime in the 
State government plans to take over 
many thousands of miles of rural 
roads, but even if they complete their 
program, there will still be 75,000 
miles of rural roads in the State of 
Pennsylvania alone that must be sup- 
ported by rural communities, namely, 
the farmer. He stated that with the 
increase in good hard roads, there was 
a direct increase in the amount of 
foreign traffic traveling on rural 
roads. Thousands of people who do 
not pay a cent of tax to support the 
up-keep of these roads are now deriv- 
ing the benefit of the good roads built 
with the farmers money. 

State Master Dorsett cited an in- 
stance when he attended a meeting of 



the road supervisors at Harrisburg, 
at which time the supervisors were 
considering what stand they should 
take concerning the present bills be- 
fore State Congress. Mr. Dorsett 
stated that the road machine com- 
panies are opposed to Governor 
Pinchot's plan for the state govern- 
ment to buy all road machines because 
it is possible for them to make a much 
larger profit when dealing with the 
individual communities. Mr. Dorsett 
went on to state that the rural taxes 
should be decreased. If the govern- 
ment needed money, why not collect 
some of the eight million dollars back 
tax which the Pennsylvania railroad 
owes, and why not tax the large cor- 
porations? He stated that at present, 
a bill demanding a net profit tax on 
all exempt corporations was being pre- 
pared to present to the State Legisla- 
tive body. Further, that some of this 
tax money should go to help the more 
than 400,000 rural boys and girls who 
are only getting from seven to eight 
months of schooling a year, in order 
that they might be on a par with their 
urban brothers and sisters. 

He stated what the farmers need is 
more money for township roads and 
schools. Mr. Dorsett stated that at 
present there was a bill before the 
House and Senate which, if passed, 
would make legal chattel mortgages, 
giving the slick tongued salesman a 
chance to get from the farmer most of 
hi^ personal property in payment for 
some luxury. "What we need," said 
Mr. Dorsett, "is a law to help get the 
farmer out of debt, and not one that 
will get him further into debt." 
Further, we have got to learn our 
representatives stand on these ques- 
tions if they are to give us the proper 
support. We, as Grangers and farm- 
ers, must work together in union and 
harmony. We must do our share and 
plan not only for the present, but for 
the future as well. 

If we expect Congress and the legis- 
latures to support our problems, we 
must do our own pushing. 



The producers of honey are adopt- 
ing new methods of distribution, and 
are consequently realizing greater 
profits. Many beekeepers have ar- 
ranged with dairymen to handle their 
product, to be delivered with milk in 
the morning. "Where there is a will 
there is a way," says the old saw. 



RHODODENDRON 

MAXIMUM 




.V 



Choice Plants 
; That Will Ada 
^* Beauty and 
Value to Your 
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Oor Price Li$t 
Free 



Tenneiiee Evergreen Co., 

|L____JP0gVUXE,_2EHN. 



ENGINE REPAIR PARTS 

TO ALL OWNERS of Gasoline EnRlnei 
with the following trade name : Alamo, 
Avery. Dairy King, Empire, Gallon. Flying 
Dutchman, Hoosler, Lansing, Lindsay. Pldg- 
eon-Thomas. Sharpless and Rock Island; 
manufactured by the Alamo Engine Com- 
pany of Hillsdale, Michigan. We own th« 
entire stock of repair parts, including pat- 
terns and Jigs for the continuance of service 
for above engines. If unable to secure re- 
pairs from your dealer, order direct from 
our factory. We also handle repairs for 
the Mollne Universal Tractor and maintain 
complete machine shop. Stephens Skrvick 
Company, Box L35, Freeport, Illinois. 



BINDER TWINE 

pound in quantities. Best quality 
guaranteed.Farmer Agents Wanted. 

Sanipic and circular free. 
THEO. BURT A SONS. Box 40. MelroM. Ohio 



7lc 



THE LECTURERS' 

CONFERENCE AT 

STATE COLLEGE 

The recent Lecturers' Conference, 
better known as the "Short Course for 
Grange Lecturers," was considered a 
success in every respect. It was so 
pronounced by the leaders as well as 
the attending Lecturers. The evidence 
of eye witnesses is always considered 
authentic and we publish herewith the 
testimony of several who were there. 
Mrs. Ira C. Gross, Lecturer, of Bea- 
vertown Grange, writes on behalf of 
the Subordinate Lecturers, under the 
caption of "What the first 'Short 
Course' Meant to Subordinate Lec- 
turers," as follows, — 

"The first 'Short Course for Grange Lec- 
turers,' held under the joint auspices of the 
Pennsylvania State College and the Penn- 
sylvania State Grange, April 2-4. 1931, is a 
matter of history, so far as the actual phys- 
ical fact goes ; but the Inspiration of It 
must surely be vitally present with every 
lecturer who attended. 

"If earnestness of purpose, or enthusiasm, 
or sincerity, mean anything. It certainly 
augurs well for the future of the Pennsyl- 
vania State Grange that this experiment in 
training met with such unexpected response 
from lecturers all over the state. 

"We ask ourselves 'Just what did this 
Short Course give to we subordinate lec- 
turers?' First of all, it gave to each and 
every one of us that indefinable stimulation 
that comes from fellowship with other folk 
who are interested in the things that interest 
us ; who are facing the same problems that 
confront us. It gave us. In other words, a 
clearer viBicn of the Ideals of the Grange. 

"Space does not permit us to pick from 
each address the thing of value to the lec- 
turer's needs. If we have correctly grasped 
the theme of the entire course, It is this : — 
that the Grange, by its traditions, by Its 
ideals, by Its organization, is splendidly fitted 
to assume the leadership in rural community 
life; that It must assume this leadership if 
Agriculture Is to remain the basic industry 
of American life. 

"How can the Grange do this? By train- 
ing for Leadership ! And the subordinate 
lecturer, from his strategic position In the 
order, must be the pioneer in leading — must, 
by well made plans and definite alms, lead 
the Grange to its rightful place in commu- 
nity life. 

"This is the thought every subordinate 
lecturer should have carried back to his 
Grange; it should animate his purpose 
throughout the remainder of his term o 
office. And it will be no easy task ; he will 
not dare 'just come and sit there' as w< 
heard a patron describe the lecturer of his 
Grange. On the contrary, he must use every 
available source of information fo equip him- 
self for the high office that he holds. 

"Where shall he go for help and training? 
The Department of Agriculture of his state 
Is ready and eager to help him. His State 
roUejre. through Its extension service, is a 
veritable gold mine If he will but use it 
And, best of all, his State Grange promises 
to continue the Short Course for Grange 
Lecturers at Pennsylvania State College. I>*'t 
us. fellow subordinate lecturers, take as our 
slogan for the year, — "One hundred per cent 
enrolment from my county In 1932.' " 

Mrs. R. B. McNary, the Lecturer 
of Washington County Pomona, 
speaks for that class of Lecturers, and 
her reaction is expressed in the fol- 
lowing, — 

"A finer spirit of cooperation and fellow- 
ship than existed among the Grangers, at 
the Conference at State College on April 2d, 
3d, and 4th, cannot be found. Practical In- 
struction and demonstration, given by Grange 
leaders, and able speakers, resulted In the 
live sessions bringing enthusiasm, and in- 
spiration, to every one present. 

"To the Pomona Lecturers, it meant a 
chance to get together, and become ac- 
quainted, as well as catching a vision of 
the service of the Grange organization, 
throughout our State. The Pomona Lec- 
turers who did not attend this Conference 
missed a wonderful opportunity of instruc- 
tion and training, which would enable thei 
to become a better Grange Lecturer In serv- 
ing their County. 

"The banquet was one of the outstanding 
features of the Conference. Much credit Is 
aue the State College students, who prepared 
and attractively served the banquet : and the 
ten jelly beans that were given us as our 
inheritance at the beginning of the meal, 
seemed to find their way into the keeping of 
some other Granger, no matter how sorry we 
were to part with them. 

..."^ 'eel that every Pomona Lecturer who 
attended this Conference, is grateful for the 
opportunity which they have had, to learn 
r«^w . *>«<=onie more efficient and successful, 
fLi .* "®^^. °' service. May we each one 
[« VJ ?"'' ^^^^ ^° P"t forth special effort 
«n^ u Z"^"''?' *" building up our Oranges, 
and help make the fraternal ties of frlend- 
BDip groj(r stronger as the years go by." 

Smile and keep on a'slnglng. 
Keep the joy bells a'rlnglng* 

°5k''.®'11 **°°^^ *^« Grange on Its way ; 
The the Conference is over. 
Why not stay In the clover. 
And be true to our order each day. 

The Juvenile group of Grange 
workers was recognized in the Con- 



ference and Mrs. Elizabeth Starkey, 
Juvenile Deputy of Tioga County, 
stresses the relation the Juveniles sus- 
tain to the Grange organization and 
her interesting lines follow, — 

"If there is any part of our State Grange 
work that needs help, instruction, or new 
ideas to try out, it is the field of our Juve- 
nile Granges. We who are trying to lead 
these future Grangers of our country know 
we have very little past experiences on which 
to build this work. For some time we have 
been groping around blindly for light and 
one of the things which will bring that light 
is the Short Course. 

"Of course this last Course had nothing 
in particular for the Juvenile Matron along 
direct juvenile lines but when the Juvenile 
Matrons met for their meeting following one 
of the other meetings we all gained much 
from the exchanging of ideas. 

"Some of us had troubles which we con- 
sidered very grave but we found others who 
had difficulties which were harder to over- 
come than those we had considered unsur- 
mountable. Again we had all found some- 
thing which had been successful in our 
Juvenile and were very glad to pass that 
along to some other Matron. 

"This contact with others I believe is one 
of the greatest benefits we can derive from 
attendance at the Short Course or any 
conference. We gain inspiration which we 
cannot measure at once but which reaps Its 
harvest as time goes on. 

"A Juvenile Matrons Association was 
formed with Clara Dewey as President and 
Elizabeth Starkey as Secretary and Treas- 
urer, and annual duips fixed at twenty-five 
cents. Through this organization It is hoped 
to pass along ideas to each Juvenile Matron 
paying the required dues. We hope every 
Matron in the State who has not already 
done so will send her dues to the Secretary 
whose address is Mansfield. Pa., R. D. 2. 

"To the Granges of the State, I urge you. 
by all means, plan some way to finance the 
sending of your Juvenile Matron to the next 
Short Course! 

Mrs. Elizabeth Starkey, 
Juvenile Deputy, Tioga County." 



"Dear Mrs. Fidler and Family: 

" The passing on of Brother Fidler, 
one of our most valued members and 
workers, has thrown us into deep 
sorrow. Many words of commenda- 
tion of his worth to our organization 
and community at large were offered. 
Many words of sorrow at his loss 
were uttered. His absence will be 
much felt and his place never filled. 
We extend to his bereaved wife and 
family our sincere sympathy in their 
supreme loss in this hour of trial. 
We pray that He Who does all things 
for the best may comfort, guide and 
strengthen them." 



SCHUYLKILL COUNTY 

GRANGE LOSES LEADER 

The Granges of Schuylkill County, 
and Friedensburg Grange in partic- 
ular, lost one of their most active 
and useful members in the death of 
Brother A. J. Fidler, Rock, Wednes- 
day morning, April 1. 

Brother Fidler, who was popularly 
known as Squire, had been a Granger 
for more than two decades and a 
Justice of the Peace for twenty-seven 
years. As such, he was a leader and 
an advisor to the people for many 
miles around. Early in life he was 
a school teacher. Later he discon- 
tinued teaching and organized and 
managed the Pine Grove and Cres- 
sona Telephone Company. He was 
treasurer of his local Grange and was 
installed as treasurer of the Pomona 
Grange, March 7, the day before he 
took his bed with the fatal sickness. 
Pneumonia. Besides all these re- 
sponsibilities, he, with his family, 
operated a dairy farm with a fine 
herd of purebred Guernseys. He was 
the secretary-treasurer of the Schuyl- 
kill County Cow Testing Association 
since its organization five years ago. 
He was active in his support of the 
Agricultural Extension Association, 
was head of the Swine Department 
of the Schuylkill County Fair and 
also a director. Both local and county 
politics gained his interest. He was 
faithful to numerous fraternal organ- 
izations in addition to the Grange. 
Everything for the public good, 
whether it was better schools or good 
roads won his support. 

The position of leadership such as 
Brother Fidler achieved comes to few 
people in any community. He be- 
came the leader he was because of his 
tireless energy, his thoroughness in 
detail, his unbounded optimism, his 
genial smile and a fund of good hu- 
mor and stories which were inex- 
haustible. 

Immediately following the death of 
Brother Fidler, the Master of Fried- 
ensburg Grange wrote a letter of con- 
solation to the bereaved family. At 
the last meeting of the Grange, a 
motion was passed that this letter be 
made a part of the minutes and a 
copy sent to the Grange News. The 
letter follows: 



LOWER COSTS MEAN 

MORE FARM PROFITS 

In practically every one of our 
farming communities you will find 
farmers who are making money in 
spite of adverse weather conditions 
and low crop prices. For example, 
George Ruth, an Iowa farmer raised 
55 acres of wheat last year at an aver- 
age cost of 17.4 cents per bushel. That 
surely should mean a profit, even at 
present wheat prices. Mr. Ruth ac- 
complished this low production cost 
by using a tractor for power, cutting 
down labor cost, and obtaining a yield 
of 35 bushels per acre. — Farm Mar- 
ket Sayings. 



EVERY HONEST FARMER 

By Old Man Kelly, of Kelly's Hollow 

It may be sad and yet 'tis true, 
'Tis mighty hard to worry through, 

For every honest farmer. 
He ever tries to do his best, 
He never gets an hour of rest, 

The weary worn farmer. 

He's up at 4 o'clock each morn 
To feed the horses oats and corn, 

The very busy farmer. 
He hits the hay at ten at night, 
Forgets the earth and all in sight, 

The eighteen-hour farmer. 

He chats with every candidate 
Who deals in promises quite great. 

To help the weary farmer. , 

Each office runner has a cure i 

For agricultural ills, oh sure, [ 

Intended for each farmer. 

He votes again, gets some relief, 
But soon he has a lot of grief, 

The real honest farmer. 
He is the dog that's always under, 
He is a victim, too, of plunder, 

The ever generous farmer. 

If every farmer moved to town 
And sold his land, settled down. 

To loaf upon the corner. 
Starvation soon would hit the land 
White shirt loafers would be canned 

At every big street comer. 



m/M 



PlaiOf Spacer 
Check Ro^v^ 



Transplanter 



PUnt Betting gauge assures plants being regularly epeoed 
and always set in water. Sure to live and grow. 

Use of check row attachment for setting plants 
30* or more apart permitH cross cultivations greatly 
reducing subsequent labor and increasing growtb 
of plants. 

Our new large Combined FertiliEer and Side 
Dressing attachment (holds 100 lbs. and sows 
from 150 to 8000 lbs. per acre) saves 
ity of applying fertiliser in advance and 
permits tne later use of it for side dress- 
ing the growins plants by equipping it 
with Double Wheel Foretruck. 

Write for New BuOetin HSl 
A. B. FARQUHAR CO^ Umlted 
Box 146S YORK, fA. 




Pennsylvania State Grange 

OFFICE OF THE 8ECBETARY 

PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 

Grange Seals $5 . 00 

Digest 60 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, per set of 9 3 . 00 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, single copy 40 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 4 . 00 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 S .26 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy 86 

Constitution and By-Laws 10 

Orange Hall Dedication Ceremony 10 

Song Books, *'The Patron," board covers, cloth, single copy or less than 

half dozen 60 

per dozen 6 . 00 

per half dozen 3 . 00 

Dues Account Book 76 

Secretary 's Record Book 70 

Treasurer 's Account Book 70 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange to Pomona, per hundred 1.00 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 25 86 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 100 3 .25 

Roll Book 76 

Application Blanks, per hundred 50 

Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred ^ 60 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty 26 

Notice of Arrearage, per hundred 40 

Notice of Suspension, per hundred 40 

Secretary 's Receipts, per hundred 46 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred 40 

Treasurer 's Receipts 40 

Trade Cards, per hundred 66 

Demit Cards, each 01 

Withdrawal Cards, each 01 

Better Degree Work, by S. H. Holland 2.00 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer Whitehead) 10 

Book of Patriotic Plays, Tableaux and Recitations 86 

Humorous Recitations, Poetry and Prose 36 

A Brief History of the Grange Movement in Pennsylvania, by W. P. Hill . . .80 
Grange Hall Plans 80 

In ordering any of the above supplies, the cash must always accompany tht 
order. The Secretary is not authorized to open accounts. 

Remittances should be made by Postal Money Orders, Checks, or Registered 
Letter. Orders for supplies must bear the Seal of the Orange for which ordered. 

By order of Executive Committee, 

John H. Light, Secretary, 
Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pt. 



Page 8 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1931 



Pennsylvania Qrange News 

Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 

Rooms 426-30. Telegraph Building 

216 Locust St, Harrisburg, Pa. 

5 cents a copy. 50 cents a year. 



Vol. XXVIII 



May, 1931 



No. 2 



Board of Managers 

E. B. DORSETT, President 

S. A. HABSHAW H. D. ALLEBACH KENZIE BAGSHAW 

Editor, JOHN H. LIGHT, Harrisburg, Pa. 
to whom should be addressed all matters relating to news contributions, photographs, etc. 

Associate Editors 

HANNAH McK. LYONS, H. G. EISAMAN, 

Lincoln University, Pa. East Springfield, Pa. 

MORRIS LLOYD, Business Manager, 
Chambersburg, Pa., or, 216 Locust St., Harrisburg, Pa. 

to whom all matters relative to advertising, mailing list, pattern orders should be addressed. 

ADVERTISING is accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate line, or $3.50 per Inch, 
each insertion. New York representative, Norman Co., 34 West 33d Street. 

Six Months Completed 

AS THIS issue of Grange News reaches our membership we record the 
reports for the first six months. The Short Course at State College, 
reported elsewhere in this issue should speed up the work between 
now and September. The inspiration received there by lecturers, both 
Subordinate and Pomona, must surely result in increased activity through- 
out the entire State. Not only this, but the Schools of Instruction for 
deputies and Grange workers, that have been conducted by the Worthy 
Master E. B. Dorsett, must result in attaining our object. 

There is present with us now considerable work in a legislative way, 
and the reaction on many bills up for passage, indicates interest and 
activity, generally; ahead of us are the Middle Atlantic Conference and 
many field meetings and picnics, all of which must surely add impetus to 
our efforts and speed up the work. Remember! 75,000 members, 10 Sub- 
ordinate and 15 Juvenile Granges is the mark for September 30. Besides 
Honor Granges and Golden Sheaf Certificates must not be overlooked. 
Every phase of Grange work must be emphasized, and especially the coop- 
erative feature through which much money can be saved. The idea of 
selling cooperatively is comparatively new in Pennsylvania and its merits 
should be investigated. Every line of insurance may well be advocated, 
especially the Automobile Insurance as advertised on page 16 of Grange 
News. The contract advertised is endorsed by the Executive Committee of 
the State Grange. The Thresherman's and Farmers Protective Mutual 
Casualty Company is a Pennsylvania Company, operated and controlled by 
farmers and thoroughly reliable in every respect. All things being equal 
this company should receive our patronage and support. As a farm group 
and as a big purchaser of space in Grange News they are entitled to con- 
sideration. With so many ways open to the Grange for useful eflFort, there 
should be no doubt of the advancement for which we hope before the 
close of the year. 



Legislation 




WEEKLY outlines of progress in legislation are mailed to every 
Grange urging study and the report of actions and findings to mem- 
bers of the Assembly. Answers to our recent state-wide questionnaire 
would indicate a general interest, but a close follow-up is especially neces- 
sary in the closing days of the session if anything is to be gained. It is 
only by an aroused public sentiment that we can hope to win any of the 
issues. The victory of the people of Pennsylvania six months ago may 
mean nothing unless the views and demands of people everywhere are made 
known to Senators and Representatives. These men are your servants, and 
should know your wants and desires; many of them are anxious to hear 
from their constituents but failing to hear, they follow other leads. The 
Governor is conscious of this need and his radio address upon this subject 
should appeal to all who desire good government. Editorially, The Evening 
News of Harrisburg, comments as follows: 

Governor Pinchot's appeal to the people of Pennsylvania to watch their 
Legislature is timely. There is need for the strictest viligance if the 
great victory of the people over the politicians last November is to mean 
anything. 

It is quite obvious to watchful observers of legrislative proceedings that 
an effort is being made to discredit the Governor ix)litically. That is less 
important to the people of Pennsylvania than that in the process their 
own interests are being sacrificed. 



There is danger that there will be no relief for the people from 
inadequate regulation of public utilities; no protection from ballot crooks; 
no such economies in public administration as will result from collection 
of the gas tax from the wholesalers instead of the retailer; no regulation 
of the billboard nuisance, no teachers' tenure, no legislative reapportionment 
as the Constitution requires after each census, none of the vital things for 
which the people went to the polls last November to demand. 

Politicians are more concerned about feathering their own nest than 
that of the public's. They regard Governor Pinchot as the chief obstruction 
to their plans to exploit the people. With them are all the special interests, 
the utilities and other corporations that seem determined to prey upon 
the people. If they can discredit him and the things for which he stands, 
then all will be easy for them in the future. Meanwhile the public welfare 
is on the sidetrack. 

Such eminently fair proposals as permitting voters in cities to de- 
termine whether or not they want to live under city manager government 
are defeated. There are yet to pass the Legislature bills providing for more 
equitable assessments. Election reform is halted or betrayed by bills which 
do not mean what they seem. 

This is the situation within a few weeks of adjournment. Vital legis- 
lation in the interest of the public is being chloroformed. Bills are com- 
mencing to pile up. All this is to the liking of political manipulators. 
When the legislative jam comes, the politicians can shuffle things better in 
their own interest. 

Nothing will break this jam, nothing will get the measures the people 
want except the demands of the people themselves. It will be two years 
before another legislative session convenes. Two years more before the 
rate payers can get any protection from the utilities. Election reform can 
be obtained only once in two years. And every moment of delay in the 
matter of clean elections permits the election crooks to dig themselves in 
deeper. 

It is impossible to exaggerate the need of public interest in the Legis- 
lature if the public interest is to be safeguarded. 



May, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 9 



Daylight Saving Time 

BY THE time this issue of Gr.\nge News will be delivered to our 
readers. Daylight Time will be in force in many cities and towns of 
Pennsylvania. 

Eighty-eight per cent of the replies to the State Chamber of Commerce 
referendum show that the majority of the organization's members favor 
adoption of daylight saving time. 

"Last year the State Chamber of Commerce had a record of more than 
sixty municipalities in the Commonwealth that observed daylight saving 
time during the summer months. Such municipalities included about 40 
per cent of the State's population. From information of other cities and 
towns that will observe daylight saving time this season it is apparent that 
in excess of 50 per cent of the people of the State will be on daylight saving 
time during this summer season." 

One member of the House of Representatives had requests from several 
hundred constituents to take some step to stop the interference with Stand- 
ard Time. Farmers, generally, are opposed to meddling with the time 
clock, the men in shops and mills do not favor it, but must of necessity 
endure it, if enforced by their employers. 

Upon investigation the above named Representative found that the 
State could not regulate train schedules and time schedules of industries. 
However, the State could surely enforce a penalty if attached to the present 
statute regarding Standard Time. Municipalities, town councils and Cham- 
bers of Commerce are largely responsible for the mix up in this time 
situation. It is these groups who have agitated the matter from the 
beginning. The statement above given, that in excess of 50 per cent of 
the people of the State will be on daylight saving time during this 
summer season is no doubt true. It must be admitted however that 
many of these are observing it unwillingly. If the present law is to 
be utterly disregarded, let the friends of daylight time have it amended 
by legislative action or else entirely removed from the statutes. There 
is surely no sense in having two sets of time in force at the same time. 



GREAT GRANGE PICNIC 

The Western Pennsylvania Inter- 
County Grange Picnic will be held at 
Etna Mineral Springs Park, near 
Slippery Rock, Butler County, on 
Wednesday, June 17, 1931. This pic- 
nic comprises the western counties of 
Pennsylvania and has developed into 
one of the Greatest Grange gather- 
ings in the State. 

Last year's attendance was a rec- 
ord breaker and extensive plans are 



I 



I 



I 



being made for a greater picnic than 
ever. 

This Park is an ideal place 
equipped with good buildings, fine 
concessions, bathing resort, motor 
boats, fishing, etc. The committee is 
arranging for good speakers, with 
talent and ability. Also, ball games, 
contests and other amusements to en- 
tertain a large gathering of this kind. 
Watch your June issue of Pennsyl- 
vania Grange News for the full pro- 
gram. W. M. A. 




This so-called era of "depression," 
which now prevails and has been pres- 
ent during the past year and more, 
is held responsible for the lack of 
advertising by many of the country's 
leading industries. 

This explanation, or excuse, seems 
more or less paradoxical, as the logical 
conclusion reached by our advanced 
thinkers is the truism that business 
should be, and is, stimulated by pub- 
licity — the more the better; if not, 
why advertise at all? 

During the past month, your busi- 
ness manager has found it extremely 
difficult to induce the average firm or 
individual to display any interest in 
advertising, alleging that the appro- 
priation for such has been definitely 
curtailed, the state of business not 
warranting much expenditure along 
this line. 

One of our advertisers writes me 
that while some results have been 
achieved during the last month in his 
advertising, he cannot tell me whether 
much of it was derived directly from 
publicity in Grange News, as only 
three mentioned the fact that the ad- 
vertisement had been seen in our 
publication. I am glad to say, how- 
ever, that he is not "hard-boiled," so 
to speak, as he is willing to concede 
that some of the inquiries might have 
been the result of his announcement 
in Grange News. 

So, dear patron, you will recognize 
the necessity of mentioning where 
you saw the advertisement; if you 
don't some other publication may re- 
ceive credit. 

I regret to announce that one of 
our old standbys. The Manufacturers' 
Casualty Insurance Company, has 
withdrawn its large space for the 
present, but I am glad to say that it 
hopes to be with us again in the not 
distant future. 

A few new ads appear in this issue, 
the largest being the well-known seed 
house of Walter S. Schell, in Harris- 
burg. Another is the Hal Wilson 
Co., of Chicago, a puzzle contest. Al- 
so, a few scattering smaller ones. 

Please give them all close attention, 
and see whether or not you will find 
something mentioned you need or will 
need. 



4 



J 



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GRANGE FOLKS WHO WISH TO 

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FERTILIZERS FOR GREENHOUSE* AND 
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authority on the subject, after having spent 
many years in testing the fertilizer best suited 
to each crop; therefore, this book is eminentlv 
fitted for the market ^rrower. $2.1 S postpaia. 

PRACTICAL TOMATO CULTURE by 

Frank C. and Melvin A. Pellett, the latter a 
keenly practical Tomato grower. Those who 
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cultural point is covered up to picking, pack- 
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PRACTICAL VEGETABLE CULTURE by 

Prof. Albert E. Wilkinson, vegetable specialist 
at the Connecticut Agricultural College. A 
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WAYSIDE MARKETING by Schuyler Ar- 
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SPECIAL OFFER; All four books for 
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Dept. 19, 448 W. STth St.. N.w York, N. Y. 



CHATTEL MORTGAGES 
AS MEANS OF 

DROUGHT RELIEF 

Secretary of Agriculture, John A. 
McSparran has issued the following 
statement explaining how Pennsyl- 
vania farmers may secure loans from 
the Federal Government for drought 
relief : 

"On March 24th, Governor Pinchot 
signed the Chattel Mortgage Bill by 
means of which farmers of Pennsyl- 
vania are enabled to receive loans 
from the Federal Government as a 
drought relief proposition. While 
Pennsylvania has not been as hard hit 
as some of the states, yet there is a 
definite need for these loans in the 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and 
we are glad that our farmer folk are 
now in position to take advantage of 
the money which the Federal Govern- 
ment has provided for drought relief. 

"The purpose of these loans is to 
provide farmers with seed and ferti- 
lizer so that they can plant the crops 
of the coming year in as good shape 
as they are accustomed to plant their 
crops, to the end that the effect of the 
drought may not be projected into the 
1931 crops because of inferior seed or 
lack of fertilizer. 

"The method by which a farmer 
makes application for this loan is as 
follows : 

"As soon as the Department at 
Washington receives word and a bill 
has been sent to them that the law is 
passed, they will immediately set up 
in different sections of the State 
where loans are needed, committees 
before whom persons desiring loans 
can appeal and make their requests 
known and give to those committees 
their financial standing and their 
moral responsibility. The committee 
will then either accept or reject the 
request, and if accepted the word will 
be forwarded to Washington and the 
check will come back directly to the 
farmer. 

"The Department of Argiculture at 
Washington informs me that it will 
only be a few days until that ma- 
chinery is set up, so that by the end 
of this week or the beginning of next, 
it ought to be possible for a Pennsyl- 
vania farmer to get in touch with 
some of these established committees 
and have his case presented. 

"I hope nobody will apply for this 
loan, and thus put a chattel mortgage 
upon their crop, who can in any way 
finance their operations through the 
ordinary channels, but I know from 
the correspondence I have had in this 
office that there is a considerable num- 
ber of people who will not be able to 
finance their operations unless the 
Federal Government comes to their 
assistance. I am more than pleased 
that the Legislature has seen fit to 
set up the machinery known as the 
Clippinger-Haines Act which will 
meet this emergency, I hope, for all 
that are so unfortunate as to be com- 
pelled to make request for a loan." 



MILK DEALERS PROSECUTED 

FOR CHEATING FARMERS 

The Otto Milk Company, Pitts- 
burgh, was prosecuted in the Alle- 
gheny County Court recently for 
cheating milk producers by under- 
reading the Babcock milk test from 
which the value of the product is 
determined. 

"After a jury had been drawn and 
witnesses on both sides were ready 
to testify, the company pled guilty 
to the charge and Judge James H. 
Grey, then ordered the defendant to 
pay a fine of $100 and costs and 
warned against such practice in the 
future," the statement reads: 

"The Company had been fined pre- 



viously after pleading guilty to three 
charges, namely: Not providing a 
licensed tester nor licensed weigher 
and sampler and not taking samples 
of each delivery and not holding com- 
posite samples in proper condition for 
testing. 

"The recent actions against the 
Otto Company was taken by State 
officials after close observation and 
checks had been made on the methods 
used in the plant. The charge of 
underreading the Babcock Test was 
brought after the State dairy experts 
had check-tested the milk as delivered 
by 25 different producers. It was 
found that all but four of the tests 
made by the company's tester were 
lower in percentage of butterfat than 
those made by the State tester. 

"This is the second prosecution se- 
cured by the bureau of foods and 
chemistry, Pennsylvania Department 
of Agriculture, in recent months in a 
drive on unscrupulous milk dealers. 
The Levengood Dairies, Inc., of 
Pottstown, was prosecuted a few 
weeks ago for 'short-changing' 100 
dairymen to the extent of more than 
$600 which was reimbursed by order 
of the Court." 



HEALTH MESSAGE 

Time is a peculiar kind of treasure, 
which is sought after by the world. 
The lack of it is the excuse for the 
failure in carrying out many good 
intentions. 

But when time comes, as it does, 
to every fighter of prolonged illness 
how it is despised. Perhaps you are 
very ill, too ill you think to write 
or read, or make use of time, for 
things that count. If it be not oc- 
cupied with one thing, it will be oc- 
cupied with another, and one of the 
finest opportunities, for the "shut-in," 
so to speak, is that of acquiring the 
ability to lead the mind into paths 
which are uplifting and at the same 
time restful. 

No matter how weary you are, how 
much better to fill the mind with the 
silent wonders of nature, than to 
count the cracks in the ceiling, or 
worry about the slowness of your re- 
covery or the future prospects of your 
infirmities. 

No one is expected to enthuse over 
illness, or even to welcome it, but 
what cannot be cured, must be en- 
dured. In this world, as Henry Ward 
Beecher said, "It is not what we take 
up, but what we give up, that makes 
us rich." But valuable, as it is, to 
know who are one's friends, it is in 
no sense as valuable as the knowledge 
of one's self. To learn your limita- 
tions, to know what you can depend 
on yourself to do — this is knowledge, 
that would save many a person from 
ruin. 



Grange Insurance 



The progress of a life insurance 
company is measured in exact pro- 
portion to the service rendered. The 
remarkable growth and the enviable 
position in the life insurance world, 
attained by our Grange Life Com- 
pany is a direct result of the high 
ideals of service which imbues those 
connected with our company in an 
official capacity. This service, so far 
as the policyholder is concerned, does 
not stop with the delivery of the 
policy contract but continued during 
all the years that the policy remains 
in force. 

A Grange Institution 

Officered and directed by nationally 
known Grange leaders. The Farmers 
and Traders merits the unwavering 
support of our Grange membership. 
It is an old line legal reserve life 
insurance company. It furnishes life 
insurance at a low net cost. Its policy 
contracts are modern and unexcelled 
in liberality. Among its line of 
twenty-six different policy contracts 
there is one suited to the exact needs 
of every insurable person. Strong in 
assets and surplus, and with more 
than thirty-six millions of insurance 
in force, the Farmers and Traders 
should and does make an irresistible 
appeal to members of the Grange who 
may contemplate purchasing life in- 



RESPONSES TO DUTY 

The following contributions for the 
Publishing Fund are hereby acknowl- 
edged. 

Pineville Grange, No. 507 .... $5.00 
Philadelphia Grange, No. 645. 5.00 
Honevbrook Twp. Grange, No. 

1688 5.00 



It seems that the brakeman and 
conductor could not agree as to the 
pronunciation of the town along their 
line called "Eurelia." When the train 
reached there, the passengers were 
startled to hear the conductor from 
the front end of the car call "You're 
a liar; You're a liar," while the 
brakeman at the rear end shouted 
"You really are I You really are." 



surance. 



Insurance 



111 luck cannot pursue when I am 
in force. 

I am the protector of women and 
children, for I keep the family to- 
gether, and when the provider has 
been called I carry on in his name. 

My service of protection is per- 
formed for the protector no less than 
for the protected, and I safeguard 
within the full measure of my power 
the bulwark of the American home. 

I am the comforter of the weak and 
helpless, the encourager of those who, 
through me, may still enjoy life, may 
strive and accomplish worthwhile 
things. 

I am that which is provided by 
all right thinking men and women 
against the day of need. 

/ am Life Insurance. 

Opportunity Beckons 
Old enough to be strong and stable, 
yet young enough to afford excep- 
tional opportunities to men of high 
standing who may contemplate enter- 
ing the life insurance business. The 
Farmers and Traders has some un- 
usual agency openings to offer in 
Pennsylvania. If interested, write 
direct to The Farmers and Traders 
Life Insurance Company, Syracuse, 
N. Y. 



Our advertisers deserve your sup- 
port. 



CROW KILLING 



Sportsmen and farmers of York 
County recently killed over 25,000 
crows in an effort to reduce the popu- 
lation of those birds locally. If the 
rest of the State would do half as 
well, and keep it up every year for 
a few years, especially during the 
nesting season of our more beneficial 
birds, it would mean the saving of 
much valuable wild life. Every sports- 
man knows that crows eat the eggs 
and young of many birds, and also 
do much of the eating of young rab- 
bits for which the ringneck pheasant 
usually gets the blame. Farmers, par- 
ticularly, should also bear in mind 
that the crow was a nuisance in their 
corn fields long before the ringneck 
pheasant was introduced in Pennsyl- 
vania. 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 10 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1931 



Home Economics 
Committee 
H 
Mrs. Georgia M. Piolett 
Mrs. Furman Gyger 
Miss Charlotte E. Ray 
Mrs. Charlotte Ruppin 
Mrs. Clara C. Phillips 



WOMAN^S WORK 

IN THE 

HOME AND GRANGE 

By Home Economics Committee 



May — Motto for this Month 

GOD'S MINUTE 
"I have only just a minute, 
Only sixty seconds in it 
Forced upon me — can't refuse it 
Didn't seek it, didn't choose it, 
But it's up to me to use it. 
I must suffer if I lose it 
Give account if I abuse it. 
Just a tiny little minute — 
But eternity is in it." 



Subject for June — 

A safe and sane graduation — career 
for girls. 



"What," Napoleon once inquired, 
"is yet wanting in order that people 
should be properly educated?" "Moth- 
ers" was the significant reply by one 
of his friends. The Emperor imme- 
diately seized upon it, "Yes!" he ex- 
claimed, "here is a system of education 
in one word." 



A PIONEER MOTHER 

Because the road was steep and long 
And through a dark and lonely 
road, 
God set upon my lips a song 
And put a lantern in my hand. 

Joyce Kilmer. 

Should any modern mother feel 
discouraged, disheartened, and disil- 
lusioned about her life and its daily 
trials, she would change her attitude 
if she were to read "A Lantern in Her 
Hand" by Bess Streeter Aldrich. 

The story begins in the year 1864 
with the eight-year-old Abbie Mac- 
kenzie around whom the story is 
woven. At this age she is on her way 
by ox-drawn covered wagon from Illi- 
nois to Iowa. The daily privations of 
this trip with her mother, brothers 
and sisters, developed a fortitude and 
patience which later served her well. 
Her nightly rewards were her older 
sister's recitals of family traditions 
which colored her whole life. 

Abbie Mackenzie combined the 
physical strength of her sturdy Irish 
mother with the innate qualities of 
mentality and refinement of her aris- 
tocratic father. During her eighty 
years of life the cheery heart of the 
former set a song upon her lips, the 
illuminating spirituality of the latter 
put a lantern in her hand. 

Throughout her girlhood she was 
possessed with the hope of becoming 
a singer and an artist in an imagined 
world of romance. Neither funds nor 
opportunities were available to grati- 
fy these desires, yet she kept them 
alive by exercising her talents to the 
best of her limited ability and to her 
own enjoyment. 

Her marriage of love to William 
Deal in 1866, replaced these ambitions 
with the earnest devotion of a pioneer 
wife and mother. At the birth of her 
first-born. ^ Nature had to take its 
course, without much aid from its 
handmaid Science. At such cost the 
pioneer protective spirit was roused 
to center all her old love of life upon 
her new interest. Her coveted world 
of romance was a world of unreality, 
—and only Will and the little son 
were worth her thoughts. 

There followed another pilgrimage 



westward — to Nebraska. Here they 
established their permanent home, liv- 
ing for thirteen years in a sod house, 
while their dreams were growing into 
a roomy frame house which later 
seemed a palace. Together Abbie and 
Will envisioned their complete home 
place, "The Cedars." In fact, Abbie's 
own words were, '*You have to dream 
things out. It keeps a kind of an 
ideal before you. You see it first in 
your own mind and then you set about 
to try to make it like the ideal. If 
you want a garden, — ^why, I guess 
you've got to dream a garden." 

With great forethought they plant- 
ed trees of their own raising where 
they would be of protection, use and 
beauty. Far in advance of his time 
Will Deal realized the economic value 
of trees. In addition to serving their 
purpose on his own farm, the culture 
of ten acres of trees for eight years 
brought him from the government an 
additional one hundred sixty acres of 
land. 

Will's vision was further evident 
in his constant plans for the benefit of 
the whole community. He could see 
far into the future. He predicted the 
day when the country school would 
be graded like that of the town. He 
foretold the making of roads by haul- 
ing little stones and gravel and using 
a roller to crush them. 

Together Abbie and Will dealt suc- 
cessfully with the problems of rearing 
to their ideals their two sons and three 
daughters, wresting their living from 
the soil despite the discouragements 
of drought, destruction, by grasshop- 
pers, and financial panic. 

One afternoon in October, 1890, 
Abbie returned to her home (the hub 
of her wheel) to find Will forever 
asleep at the foot of his own Lom- 
bardy poplars. She was sustained 
then and ever afterward by recollec- 
tion of words he had recently spoken 
to her about Death: "I would go on 
with you . . . remembering ..." 

From this time on, obliged to as- 
sume alone the responsibilities they 
had shared, Abbie constantly felt his 
presence and support. When any de- 
cision must be made she conferred 
with his spirit self and then proceed- 
ed with the confidence that she was 
pu' ling the course which he would 

wic; 

The pioneer faith and spirituality 
exemplified in Abbie Mackenzie Deal's 
life inspired and held it to a high 
level. 

Her acceptance of progress in all 
its phases and her adjustment thereto 
were remarkable. She saw the coming 
of the buggy, the development of hard 
roads, automobile, motion pictures, 
radio and electric refrigeration. 

Of the Woman's Club which she 
helped organize she said, "We may 
not do a great deal of good but we 
won't do any harm. Much of life is 
an experiment anyway." Of motion 
pictures she said, "There's just noth- 
ing left to be invented. What next 
can they do?" 

Her fulfillment was complete when 
she placed beside her water color a 
portrayal of the same study by her 
daughter, an artist of fame; when 
over the radio came the words of her 
song broadcast by her daughter, a 
singer of note ; when about the throat 
of her granddaughter she clasped the 



string of pearls, which were carried 
along through the years and which 
were the thread of continuity from 
old world aristocracy to recognized 
position in the new world. With a 
lantern in her hand, she had gone 
forth to light the way for future gen- 
erations. 

To her spiritually sympathetic 
granddaughter, Abbie Deal said she 
was the very happiest when she was 
living over all her memories. 

On the closing day of her useful 
life, after winding the old Seth 
Thomas clock which she had carried 
with her on the covered wagon jour- 
ney, she took the lantern in her hand 
and with her spirit husband walked 
into Paradise. — Frances Oyger. 



Demonstration Menu and Recipes 

tsp.=teaspoonful 

tb.=tablespoonful 

c.=cup 

Menu 

Eggs baked in cream 

Buttered spinach Parsley-Potatoes 
Rolls Butter 

Molded vegetable salad 
Mint fruit cup Cookies 

Milk 

Recipes 

Eggs haJced in cream: 

4 eggs 

4 tb. cream 

y2 c. finely ground dry crumbs 

seasoning 



OUR FASHION AND PAHERN DEPARTMENT 

All patterns 15 cents each, postage prepaido 




All p&tterni price 16c each In itampi or coin (coin preferred). 



8084 — Afternoon Dress. Designed for sizes 
36. 38, 40. 42. 44 and 46 Inches 
bust measure. Size 36 requires 
4% yards of 39-inch material with 
% yard of 39-inch contrasting. 

3086 — Feminine Model. Designed for sizes 
12. 14, 16, 18, 20 years. 36 and 
38 inches bust measure. Size 16 
requires 2% yards of 39 Inch ma- 
terial with 1% yards of 39 Inch 
contrasting. 

8106 — Youthful and Smart. Designed for 
sizes 14, 16. 18, 20 years, 36 and 
38 inches bust measure. Size 16 
requires 3Vi yards of 39 Inch ma- 
terial with 2^ yards of edging. 



8106 — Bolero Model. Designed for sizes 14. 
16, 18, 20 years, 36, 38 »nd 40 
Inches bust measure. Size 16 re- 
quires 3% yards of 39 Inch m»- 
terlal with % yard of 35 inch con- 
trasting. 

8118 — Childlike Chic. Designed for sizes 4, 
6. 8, and 10 years. Size 8 requires 
1% yards of 35 Inch material with 
% yard of 35 Inch contrasting. 

8899 — Dainty and Chic. Designed for sizes 
8, 10, 12 and 14 years. Size 8 re- 
quires 2V6 yards of 39 Inch ma- 
terial. 



Our Bummer Fashion Magazine ia 16c a copy, but may be obtained for 10c if ordered 
tame time as pattern. 



Address, giving number and size: 
Pattern Department, Grange News, Chambersburg, Pa. 



May, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 11 



Mix cream, crumbs and seasonings 
and put into baking dish. Drop eggs 
in this mixture. Bake until set. 

Spinach: Wash spinach in luke- 
warm water to remove grit. Rinse in 
cold water. Cook, without water, un- 
til spinach is tender. Chop or put 
through ricer. Add salt and butter. 

Molded Vegetable Salad: 
1 package lemon jello 

1 pint of boiling water 

2 tb. lemon juice 
1/2 tsp. salt 

3^ c. celery, finely chopped 
1 c. raw cabbage, finely chopped 
4 tb. green pepper, finely chopped 
Dissolve gelatine in boiling water. 
Add lemon juice and salt. Chill. 
When slightly thickened, fold in vege- 
tables, mixing lightly. Mold. Chill 
until firm. Serve on crisp lettuce 
Avith teaspoonful of cooked or mayon- 
naise dressing. 

Mint Fruit Cup : Use any combina- 
tion of fresh or canned fruits desired. 
Sweeten to taste. Add finely chopped 
mint. Put into individual dessert 
dishes and serve. 

1 c. canned peaches 

1 c. canned pears 

1/^ c. mint cherries and juice 

Drain peaches and pears. Cut 
cherries into quarters. Add juice and 
cherries to other fruit. Chill and 
serve. 



"The woman's place is in the home," 
said Ruth Bryan Owen, member of 
Congress from Florida, but we have 
come to extend the walls of the home 
from the limits of a few generations 



yy 



ago 

"I think there was a time when if a 
woman kept the inside of her house in 
order it was considered she had done 
her duty by her family but my home 
is the place where my family and chil- 
dren live, and I find they do not stay 
inside four walls. I find that they 
move about in a space as big as an 
automobile can travel in every direc- 
tion from the house itself." 

"It would be useless, for me to keep 
the inside of my house safe for my 
children, if the community in which I 
live is not a safe place. 

"I think we are wiser mothers than 
if we were staying inside four walls. 
We came to realize long ago that we 
want the mother's judgment as well 
as the father's in the building of the 
homes; and I think we are finding 
that we want both the mother's judg- 
ment and the father's in the com- 
munity. We want the woman's love 
and beauty and the man's technical 
skill, and we build a community on 
that foundation." 



— 1 — , — 2 — when — 3 — , 



with — 5 — met — 6 — wearing the 
— 7 — . He said to her — 8 — and we 
will all go to —9— at —10—. At 
the party the — 11 — sat and heard 
—12— while —13— in her —14— 
and wearing the — 15 — • sang — 16 — 
and — 17 — . At a late hour they sang 
— 18 — and then departed for — 19 — . 

1. Long, Long Ago 

2. Old Black Joe 

3 Comin' Through the Rye 

4 In the Gloaming 

5. Old Dog Tray 

6. Annie Laurie 

7 Old Gray Bonnet 

8. Wait for the Wagon 

9. Aunt Dinah's Quilting Party 

10. My Old Kentucky Home 

11. Old Folks at Home 

12. Listen to the Mocking Bird 

13. Juanita 

14. Old Calico Gown 

15. Blue Bells of Scotland 

16. Love's Old Sweet Song 

17. Sweet and Low 



18. We Won't Get Home Till Morn- 
ing 

19. Home, Sweet Home. 

Music Appreciation Story. Can be 
used for a game on Music Night. 



A POMONA DEMONSTRATION 

Mrs. G. R. Stiffler, Chairman of the 
Home Economics Committee of Blair 
County, reports the demonstration 
menu and recipes that were used at 
the recent meeting of the Blair 
County Pomona Grange held in Hol- 
lidaysburg. The outstanding part of 
the demonstration was the setting of 
the table and the serving of a meal, 
under the direction of Miss Mae 
Kemp, extension representative in 
Blair and Bedford Counties. Miss 
Kemp personally supervised the work, 
choosing the members of a farmer 
class known as the Meal Serving Club, 
of Geseytown. The sisters who par- 
ticipated and who also spoke upon the 
various features of the service were: 
Miss Margaret Maize, who acted as 
host; Miss Olive Stiffler, hostess; 
Mrs. D. W. Hileman, guest ; and Miss 
Irene Ketner, waitress. Each of these 
sisters spoke of a particular feature of 
the service. 

The program also included a read- 
ing, "A Child's View of the Grange," 
by Marian Smith; a piano duet, by 
Mrs. Sankey and Miss Sankey; and 
a recitation, "Aunt Jemima's Court- 
ship." The entire program lasted 
twenty minutes, the meal having been 
prepared at the home of Mrs. Thomas 
Catbo, who was assisted in the prep- 
aration by sisters of the Grange. 



ACTIVITIES IN ERIE COUNTY 

At the Erie County Pomona in 
March, the Home Economics Com- 
mittee had an hour similar to that at 
the State Grange Meeting. All the 
stations were filled by sisters with 
Mrs. O. S. Kidder, presiding. The 
main topic under discussion was "Our 
Young People." 

The duty of the Grange to our 
young folks was ably presented by 
Mrs. C. D. Cook and the young peo- 
ple's duty to the Grange was discussed 
by Mildred Belknap. A fine talk on 
4-H Club work was made by the 
County Agent, after which little Miss 
Betty Lou Marlowe closed the hour 
with the recitation, — "A Child's View 
of the Grange." 



The Home Economics Committee 
of Washington County Pomona, held 
a party at the home of Mr. and Mrs. 
Wm. D. Phillips, on March 21st, when 
15 Grangers were represented with 
55 sisters and 10 brothers. 

A committee to stimulate interest 
in knowing Grange History, Policies 
and Procedure are to conduct a 
county-wide Pageantry Contest. The 
winning pageant to be given at the 
State Grange meeting. To assist in 
this the committee will establish a 
Grange shelf in the Washington Li- 
brary where necessary material may 
be available to all contestants. There 
is also a prize for the subordinate 
that first declares every Grange home- 
stead free of every vestige of outdoor 
advertising. Washington's Goal — 
Every Grange on the Honor Roll. 



The Montgomery County Home 
Economics Committee had Miss Jef- 
fries from State College give a Tea 
Demonstration on March 10th. The 
meeting was open to the public and 
38 women attended. Miss Beadles Is 
chairman of the Home Economics 
Committee and the secretary, Ida C. 
Myers, writes, "the women are re- 
sponding beautifully." 



WHAT THE GRANGE NEEDS 

1. Is not only to read the Home 
Economics Page in the Pennsylvania 
Grange News, but send into the com- 
mittee your problems. They will try 
to solve them for you. 

2. Is not another increase in dues 
but 100% of Pennsylvania Grange 
members paid in full to date just as 
New Jersey members are. 

3. Is not to bring too much outside 
talent in the grange for regular pro- 
grams but rather put every grange 
member to work and develop the tal- 
ent there. 

4. Is more grange families beauti- 
fying their farm buildings and prem- 
ises instead of allowing unsightly 
billboards deface their property. 

5. Is to follow the footprints of the 
Fathers of our Order and require 
more Masters to read the code and be- 
come better acquainted with the di- 
gest and laws of the Grange. 

6. Is to grace the Master's chair 
with a Sister instead of always a 
Brother. 

MOTHER 

To watch over you when a baby, to sing 

you to sleep with her song, 
To try to be near you to comfort and 

cheer you, to teach you the right 

from the wrong, 
To do all she can to make vou a man, 

and over a million things more, 
To sigh for you, cry for you, yes, even 

die for you, 
That's what God made Mothers for. 

This is the chorus of a song of which 
this last line is the name. 

Mother 

I think of you, my mother dear 

Of all your gentle ways. 
Your courage and unfailing cheer 

Which love alone repays, 
Remembering your kindly voic€, 
Your heart so warm and true. 
My own heart sings, and I rejoice 
To know that I have you. 

— Anopymous. 



THE OHIO IDEA 

Those rotogravure girls, lolling in 
their flowered pajamas on the sun- 
kissed sands of tropic shores, look 
mighty cute, but do not stir the more 
mature and practical emotions as 
deeply as would the picture of one 
wearing a gingham dress, with a dab 
of flour on her nose, frying a chicken. 
— Ohio State Journal. 



THE DAY'S WORK 

Begin — and end — the day aright. 
Try to secure a little time on arising, 
to plan the day's work. If we live up- 
rightly in all our ways, follow the 
Golden Rule; if we have kept our 
minds open to new impressions; if 
we have used, and not abused, our 
bodies and minds, we may often defer 
old age and make it, when it does 
come, useful, happy, serene and con- 
fident. 

Little things make up the bulk of 
our daily lives. If we are faithful in 
little things, we shall be better pre- 
pared for great occasions. All over 
the world, in every walk of life, peo- 
ple are eagerly seeking for someone 
to follow. They need someone to 
hearten them to action; they want 
someone big enough to share the glory 
with them, when success crowns their 
efforts. We make ourselves strong or 
weak, as we have confidence in, or 
doubt of, our abilities. 

"One ship drives east, and another drives 
west, 
With the selfsame winds that blow; 
'Tis the set of the sails, and not the 
gales, 
Which tells the way they go. 

* * Like the waves of the sea, are the ways 
of fate, 
As we voyage along through life; 
'Tis the set of the soul, which decides 
its goal. 
And not the calm or the strife." 
E. J. 

HUBBY'S FAUX PAS 

Arriving home from the party, 
friend wife took her hat and slammed 
it on the floor. "I'll never take you 
to another party as long as I live," 
she said. 

"Why?" asked hubby, amazedly. 

"You asked Mrs. Jones how her 
husband was standing the heat." 

"Well, what of that?" 

"Why, her husband has been dead 
two months." — Oil Weekly. 



QUILT PIECES 

Fancy Cottons of the better grade. Well assorted, 
2 pounds for $1.00 postpaid. 

FANCY SILK PIECES 

Excellent for all kinds of Fancywork. Assorted 
sizes and colors, 1 pound for $1.00 postpaid. Love- 
ly FREB Premium with first order of either silk 
or cotton quilt pieces. 

C.O.OLSON, Depi K GRANDY, MINN. 



Win S3^100QS 

or Bttick Sedan and $2,500.00 Gash 




Can You Find 5 Faces? 



People who were riding in the auto above got out of the car. Their faces are shown in odd places about 
the picture. Some faces are upside down, others look sideways, some look straight at you. If you can 
pick out 5 or more faces, mark them, clip the picture and tend to me together with your name and 
address. Sharp eyes will nnd them. Can you? 

We are giving more than $12,900 in 103 prises, in a great new plan of advertising our business. Also 
fhousaniM of dollars In cash rawards. In a former campaign Mr. C. H. Bssig. a farmer of Argos, 
Ind., won $3,500; Mrs. Edna Ziler of Ky. won $1,950. Many others won big cash prixes. Now a better 
campaign than e ver w ith more prises. In our new campaign somoono wins $3,700 — why not youf 

If you tend your answer now, 

and take an active part, you 
_ aro sura to got a casn roward. 
You may win new Buick 8 Sport Sedan delivered by your nearest dealer, 
and $2,500 — or $3,700 if you prefer all cash. Duplicate prises will be 
given in case of ties. No matter where you live, if you want to win 
|3,700 first prize money, send answer today for details. Can you ftod 
S faces in the picttire? 

THOMAS UB,Blgr^4S7 m 



«.«wi(^i||u Liiati cvci WILU iiiuic (JILCCa^ 

Send Today 



Sl,000 Extra 

tor PromptiMn 

If you are prompt 1*11 give 
vou $1 ,000 extra if you win 
fifstprise, Sondnomonoy. 

It doesn't require a penny 
of your money tc ^eia. 



Page 12 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1931 I ^^^^ ^^^^ 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 13 



Our Juvenile Granges 

Among the Young Folks of the Order 



Dear Juveniles: 

Well, the sun is shining, isn't it? 
Warm and bright and we know it 
will start things to growing. Just 
think Spring is here! How many 
liave found the lovely little flowers or 
seen the first birds ? A few nights ago 
my big girl and I went back to the 
woods to see if we could find any 
flowers and we found some ground 
nut blossoms and Spring Beauties. 
Later she found Hepaticas and Lilies. 

Examination time is coming but 
■don't work so hard you forget your 
Orange meetings. This fine weather 
makes me think of Robert Browning's 
poem and I am going to close this 
word of greeting with it. I wish all 
the older ones would learn it. 

*"rhe year's at the spring, 
And day's at the morn; 
Morning's at seven; 
The hillside's dew-pearled; 
The lark's on the wing; 
The snail's on the thorn; 
God's in his heaven — 
All's right with the world!" 



May 

Hobins in the tree-top. 

Blossoms in the grass, 
Green things a-growing 

Every where you pass ; 
Sudden little breezes. 

Showers of silver dew, 
Black bough and bent twig 

Budding out anew; 
Pine tree and willow tree, 

Fringed elm and larch, — 
Don't you think that May time's 

Pleasanter than March t 
— From Marjorie's Almanac by T. B. 
A Idrich. 



Program Suggestions 

How about a Spring program? 
There is so much that can be found 
about Spring. The coming of the 
birds, Spring flowers, what farmers 
must do to prepare for the Spring's 
work would make good topics for talks 
or papers. The 4-H Club song, "The 
Plowing Song** could be used. 

Then there are Memorial and Moth- 
er's Day programs. These also are 
not hard to arrange. A May Day 
program would be nice. I wonder if 
any of you will make May baskets. 



Greetings from New Jersey 

Just listen, Juveniles. Here comes 
greetings from the Juvenile Grangers 
in New Jersey, sent by their State 
Superintendent, Mrs. Louisa Mabie, 
to the Juveniles in Pennsvlvania. 
Mrs. Mabie says, — 

To all the Juvenile Patrons in 
Pennsylvania, we, the Juveniles of 
New Jersey extend hearty, sincere 
greetings. We scarcely realize or ap- 
preciate the privilege of belonging to 
the "Great Fraternal Family" which 
permits us to reach over the borders 
of our sister states and grasp a com- 
rade by the hand and say "My brother, 
My sister" — The true fraternal spirit 
is far reaching even to the object of 
our order "better men and better 
women" and the solid foundation or 
starting point are the representatives 
of the Juvenile Grange. 

Here in our "Garden State" we are 
not only striving to become "Honor 
Granges" but to perfect the work as 
much as possible. In the accomplish- 
ment of this each member must do his 
or her part and in patience and earn- 
estness of purpose work unitedly with 



our Worthy Matron for the better- 
ment of our fellow members. 

Kindly accept our best wishes for 
your future success. Fraternally, 

Members of Juvenile Oranges in 
New Jersey. 

Mrs. Louisa Mabie, 
State Juvenile Supt. 



Mrs. Starkey, of Mansfield Juvenile 
Grange sends in the following items. 

A Program Contest 

Have each child bring in a program 
for the month in which he was born. 
Then have some one judge them, 
awarding a blue ribbon for the first, 
a red for second and other colors for 
third and fourth. These programs 
may be used later for the Lecture's 
hour if so desired. 

Tioga County is planning a one day 
Juvenile Fair. We expect each mem- 
ber to choose some garden flower or 
pet project. These will be brought to 
some Grange Hall and arranged in an 
exhibit, the best receiving some re- 
ward. This will be made as much like 
a fair as possible and we hope it will 
become an annual event. More com- 
plete plans will be given later. (There 
are, I think, eleven Juvenile Granges 
in Tioga County and we just know 
that fair will be a success. I would 
surely like to attend, wouldn't you?) 

This Juvenile Grange is entered in 
a county wide contest. A beautiful 
banner has been purchased by the Po- 
mona Grange and this will be held for 
a period of one quarter by the grange 
scoring the highest number. We hope 
this will help attendance as well as 
other phases of Juvenile work. 



While we are having the interesting 
Bird Talks by Professor Anderson, 
why not have some of the older 
Grange or a Scout Leader show us 
how to make birdhouses^ The birds 
are looking for a place for a home. 
Help them find it. 



The National Master asks for fif- 
teen new Juvenile Granges. Let's get 
busy and get them for him. 



On last Sunday, April 12th, I found 
it hard to agree with the last of the 
little poem I used in my greeting to 
you. Early in the morning I was 
called on the phone and told that the 
Grange hall had burned in the night 
and that Union City Grange and my 
Juvenile Grange were homeless and 
our equipment and the piano we had 
worked so hard to buy were in ruins. 
We saw the remains of the building on 
our way to church and, oh dear, how 
my heart sank ! But now that the first 
shock is over our courage has come 
back and we are determined to carry 
on. What other Granges have done we 
can and will do. We will just square 
our shoulders and still say, "All's 
right with the world." 



The Coming of Spring 

There's sometliing in the air 
That's new and sweet and rare; 
A scent of summer things, 
A whir as if of wings. 

There's something too that's new 
In the color of the blue 
That's in the morning sky, 
Before the sun is high. 

And all this changing tint 
This whispering stir and hint 



Of bud and bloom and wing 
Is the coming of the spring. 

— Nora Perry. 



May Is Building Her House 

May is building her house. From the 

dust of things 
She is making the songs and the flowers 

and the wings; 
From October 's tossed and trodden gold 
She is making the young year out of the 

old; 
Yes, out of the winter's flying sleet 
She is making all tlie summer sweet 
And the brown leaves spurned of No- 
vember's feet 
She is clianging back again to spring's. 
— From a poem by Richard Le Gallienne. 



THE HOUSE WEEN 

Of the eight or ten different kinds 
of wrens found in Eastern United 
States this one is best known and 
loved. It is a slender bird about five 
inches in length with brown as the 
chief color. It has some feathers on 
the back tipped with black and the 
breast somewhat brownish grey. The 
male will appear in our state in March 
and at once begin hunting for a nest- 
ing place. If he has been in our 
neighborhood before, he will at once 
begin carrying sticks, grasses, and 
feathers to the old nesting site. He 
prefers a birdhouse near our homes, 
but if we neglect to supply him with 
one he will select some hole, crevice, 
or cranny where he can build. He 
has been known to nest in old shoes, 
tin cans, or even in an old mitten. 
He sings constantly as he works, so 
much that he has been accused of 
singing three tunes at once. In about 
a week the female arrives, and with 
her arrival his joy seems boundless. 
How they do sing about their work! 
Jenny Wren is a very fastidious 
housewife and not a bit of dirt or 
waste material is allowed to remain 
after she comes. When the nest is 
completed she will lay from six to 
eight delicate white eggs, mottled with 
pink and brown. Then woe to any 
bird that disturbs her. She is usually 
very mild and friendly, but is no 
coward and if necessary will fight 
even the sparrows away regardless of 
the fact that they are much larger 
than she. It is most interesting to 
watch the wrens as they feed the 
young birds and if you have put up 
a birdhouse where you can see it 
easily, you will enjoy many happy 
hours watching them. Their food con- 
sists of nothing but insects that they 
find on the ground or on the bark of 
trees or shrubbery. In this way they 
will do us a great amount of good. 
If they be given a little encourage- 
ment they will return to the same 
nest, year after year, and nothing that 
we could do on the farm would be 
more profitable and pleasing. I trust 
that many of you may have some 
wrens for summer companions. 

Next month we plan to talk of some 
of our yellow friends. — R. W. Ander- 
son. 



HOME ECONOMICS 

(Continued from April number.) 

Home furnishing means exactly 
what is says, how to beautify the home 
outside as well as inside, of course al- 
ways considering the expense involved. 
Home Economics aims to reach the 
needs of every girl and boy so as to 
prepare them to be real citizens of the 
community, state or nation. And 
this is a real problem where the child 
receives little if any, home training. 
Today when the high school girls 
and boys are permitted so much free- 
dom, take part in practically every 
activity — this is the one phase in 
which they seem never to lose inter- 



est. Boys as well as girls for I have 
had a boys' cooking class for three 
years. Twenty boys who wanted the 
course so badly, they gave up their 
Wednesday evening after school to 
attend. (My time being filled during 
school hours.) Basket ball, track, foot 
ball, sports of any kind, never inter- 
f erred, although each one was an 
athlete — the brightest boys in school. 
They could bake beans, bake pies, 
cakes, biscuits, muffins, cook meats, 
vegetables, and prepare salads or des- 
serts of any kind. 

They were proud to invite guesta 
to the meals they prepared — and their 
guests frequently proved the most 
notable in town. Each year it was a 
different group of boys, the tallest 
was 6'2" — the majority of which have 
gone on to college. 

These boys were just as interested 
in learning how to dress, how to mend 
their clothing and how to save, as any 
girl. You will be surprised to learn 
that they were more interested in 
family relationships than most girls, 
and could set as neat a table as any 
— or serve — if needed. 

Home Economics is broad; cover- 
ing almost limitless bounds in its ef- 
fort to meet the needs of the child 
today. 

So often in this work we are re- 
minded of the beautiful poem, "Ifs 
for Girls," by Elizabeth Otis. 

"If you can dress to make yourself 
attractive 
Yet not make puffs and curls your 
chief delight; 
If you can swim and row, be strong 
and active. 
But of the gentler graces not lose 
sight ; 
If you can dance without a crave for 
dancing, 
Play without giving play too 
strong a hold. 
Enjoy the love of friends without 
romancing. 
Care for the weak, the friendless 
and the old. 

"If you can master French and Greek 
and Latin, 
And not acquire as well a priggish 
mien; 
If you can feel the touch of silk and 
satin 
Without despising calico and jean; 
If you can play a saw and use a 
hammer. 
Can do a man's work when the 
need occurs. 
Can sing when asked without ex- 
cuse or stammer 
Can rise above unfriendly snubs 
and slurs; 

"If you can make good bread, as well 
as fudges. 
Can sew with skill, and have an 
eye for dust; 
If you can be a friend, and hold no 
grudges 
A girl whom all will love because 
they must; 
If some time you should meet and 
love another, 
And make a home with faith and 
peace enshrined. 
And you its soul — a loyal wife and 
mother — 
You'll work out pretty nearly to 
my mind. 
The plan that's been developed 
through the ages 
And win the best that life can have 
in store. 
You'll be, my girl, a model for the 
sages — 
A woman whom the world will 
bow before. 



I 



I 



I 



I 



I 



i 



Among the Granges 



Activities of the Order in Various LocaEdes 



INDIAN ORCHAED 

GEAN6E CELEBBATES 

40TH ANNIVERSARY 

Indian Orchard Grange No. 1020, 
was instituted by State Deputy Geary 
C. Bell, of Maple wood Grange, Wayne 
County, March i:}, 1891. Our fortieth 
anniversary was held March 14, 1931, 
with Brother Louis Korb, master of 
ceremonies. Our liall was very nicely 
decorated and our program consisted 
of vocal and instrumental music led 
by our talented Brothers Frank A. 
Jenkins with his piano accordion and 
Joseph A. Bodie at the piano. 

Quite a number of our charter 
members, who had ceased to attend 
on account of physical disabilities, 
etc., were especially invited to attend. 
Among them was Hon. Chester A. | 
Garratt, former district attorney and 
a candidate for judge of our courts! 
at the coming primary, who opened ! 
at the request of the Master, remi- 
niscent account of our early history. 
He was followed by Past Master S- 
Saunders, who was the first Master 
of No. 1020 and who was fifty years 
of age at that time, and who has been 
an active official member ever since, 
being treasurer at the present time. 
He will be ninety years of age May 
31, 1931. 

Another charter member of this 
Grange was present. Brother William 
Williams, who is vigorous and in 
good standing. Others taking part 
were M. J. Conner, Brother Joseph G. 
Schmidt, an old member and active 
still. Our Worthy Master Minor A. 
Crosby closed this part of the cere- 
monies with an address. Vocal and 
instrumental music followed, also 
dominoes, checkers, cards with a gen- 
eral social time among the seventy or 
eighty present. 

The affair was planned so suddenly 
and the roads were in such a bad con- 
dition that many were unable to at- 
tend. We had an excellent time. 
The tables were loaded with the good 
things prepared by the ladies of No. 
1020 who are noted for being up-to- 
date in this line. The tables were 
decorated with cut flowers, ferns and 
geraniums. 



bers responded to roll call by stating 
wliat they believe<^l were first requi- 
sites of a good citizen. 

The enactment of dairy laws was 
discussed and a resolution jjassed urg- 
ing the farmer use his product and 
not substitutes. Each member brought 
fl(*wers, and bouquets were made for 
Mrs. Clark Kitehen and Clark Shu- 
mam, two members who have been 
unable to attend the meetings for 
some time. An eg^ throwing contest 
was held with the prize going to the 
Worthy Master, R, W. VanHorn. The 
relay race was won by Fred Schultz 
and Delmar Fairman. Members pur- 
(•hased an Easter plant and sent it to 
Evelyn Eifert, who is quite ill. 



< 



I 



So sorrow is cheered by being 
poured from one vessel into another. 
— Hood. 



I 



BLOOMSBURG GRANGE 

FINDS REMEDY FOR 

DAIRY SURPLUS 

A resolution "begging the farmers 
to be more loyal to their own business" 
by using their dairy products was 
passed by the Bloomsburg Grange, 
^No. 332, on April 3d, the resolution 
statmg the surplus of dairy products 
18 due to the fact that the farmers 
themselves use many tons annually of 
butter substitutes. 

The resolution in full follows: 
Whereas, There being a surplus of 
ail dairy products due to the fact that 
larmers themselves are responsible to 
a great extent by using many tons 
annually of butter substitutes, there- 
fore be it 

Resolved, That we of Bloomsburg 

grange No. 322, beg that the farmers, 

thernselves be more loyal to their own 

Wholesome product, and be it further 
.J^'olved, That a copy of this reso- 
\ew^ .% Pubished in the Grange 

Inuring the lecturer's hour, mem- 



BEDFORD ORANGE NO. 619 

Bedford's new Grange Hall is the 
scene of many activities and is great- 
ly enjoyed as a meeting place for dif- 
ferent organizations. 

Since starting our new hall, the 
Grange has been thoroughly awakened 
and now since we have the room and 
floor space, degree work goes better 
and two degree teams have been 
formed, one to give First and Third, 
and the other, the Second and Fourth 
Degrees. 

Large classes are coming in, plays 
being given and almost every member 
is a busy person. 

The following selection contributed 
by sister Alice Koontz, was recited at 
a recent meeting. 

Stick Together 

1. Tliey're tearing down the old Grange 

Hall 
And hauling it away. 
Each beam and rafter, floor and wall 
I watched them there today. 

2. Its sills were rotted and its floors 

Uneven, worn and patched. 
Its creaking steps and sagging doors 
That never could be latched. 

3. In plastered walls through crack and 

gash, 
The aged lath were showing. 
Through broken pane, and emptv sash 
The wintry wind kept blowing. 

4. Long years it served its purpose well. 

But soon 'twill be forgot. 
And no one left its tale to tell 
Nor aught to mark the spot. 

5. Long years beside the brook it stood. 

Its very presence telling 
Of love and faith and brotTierhood 
Within its members dwelling. 

6. For though our number was but small, 

Tnrough every kind of weather 
Summer and winter, spring and fall 
We bravely stuck together. 

7. Our fine new Grange Hall on the hill. 

At last, with joys completed 
With pride it makes our bosoms thrill 
As in it we are seated. 

8. Its sturdy walls rise straight and 

strong. 
Each corner true and sure. 
Its spreading roof both wide and long, 
'Twill many years endure. 

9. Long in it Bedford Grange will live, 

Through fair or stormy weather. 
Help to ourselves and others give, 
If we but stick together. 



Though I may not be able to in- 
form men more than they know, yet 
I may give them the occasion to con- 
sider. — Temple. 



COLUMBUS GRANGE 

HAS CONTEST 

A contest for increasing the at- 
tendance at meetings of the Grange 
with N. E. Dodd and Floyd Ham- 
mond as captains will be carried out 
in the coming weeks. The purpose of 
this contest is to stimulate interest 
in (Jrange work and increase mem- 
bership. All members not present 
when sides are selected to become 
''fair game" for either side, that is, 
they are the material upon which to 
work the contest, and are in honor 
bound to line up with the side that 
first invites them to attend the 
Grange. For each application for 
membership, accompanied by the 
proper fee, presented during contest, 
the sides presenting scores 500 points. 
For each five applications a side 
scores a bonus of 1,000 points, that 
means that a side presenting five ap- 
plications would score a total of 3,500 
points. 

During lecturer's hour: 

For each group song, 10 points; 
For each solo or duet 20 points; 

For a recitation, recited, not read, 
30 points; 

For a talk or article on the an- 
nounced subject, 40 points; 

For a dialogue or playlet, 50 points. 

Attendance : 

For each member present, 5 points ; 

For each member induced to at- 
tend, who had not been present when 
sides were chosen, 10 points first 
night, thereafter, 5 points; 

For each member absent after hav- 
ing enlisted in the contest, deduct 5 
points. 

Losers to treat winners at end of 
contest. 

The contest will cover the time of 
three meetings. 



MATRON'S CONFERENCE 

A very interested group of Juvenile 
Matrons gathered in the evening after 
the banquet during the Grange Con- 
ference for a discussion of Juvenile 
problems. The State Master met with 
us and the fact that the Matrons were 
much interested was proven by the 
way the questions were poured out 
for him to answer. We sure kept him 
busy for some time. After he left us, 
we proceeded to organize a Matron's 
Association with Mrs. Clara Dewey 
as President and Mrs. Elizabeth 
Starkey, of Tioga County, as Secre- 
tary and Treasurer. 

It was decided that each Juvenile 
Grange be asked to pay a fee of 
twenty-five cents a year to give us 
some working capital. Please send 
this to Mrs. Elizabeth Starkey, Mans- 
field, Pennsylvania, as soon as pos- 
sible. 



BEAVER VISITS TOWN 

On March 24, a live beaver was 
found wandering about the streets of 
the little town of Quentin, Lebanon 
County, and was subsequently cap- 
tured by Game Protector Melching 
of that section and brought to the 
oflices of the Commission at Harris- 
burg. It was an adult specimen 
weighing about fifty pounds. Mel- 
ching, when called to capture the ani- 
mal, thought he would have his hands 
full. However, upon sneaking up to 
It in an attempt to place a barrel 
over its head, the beaver made a 
dash for the inside of the barrel, to 
hide. It is thought that the beaver 
IS one which has been observed from 
time to time at Mt. Gretna, fifteen 
miles away. During spring male 
beavers, particularly, have been 
known to travel long distances, some 
records showing as much as sixty 
miles. 



Grow Early Vegetables. — A well- 
composed soil, careful management, 
and a 10 x 18-foot sash gn"eenhouse 
will enable a grower to raise 25,(X)0 to 
35,000 plants each year at minimum 
expense. Circular 135, "Growing 
Early Vegetable Plants Under Glass," 
gives the details. Write to the Agri- 
cultural Publications Office, State 
College, Pa., for a copy. 



Plant Ornamentals. — Prune all 
broken or damaged roots before re- 
planting trees or shrubs. Set the in- 
dividual plants not more than two to 
three inches deeper than they orig- 
inally stood in the nursery row. 

Put Late Chicks on Range. — Late 
hatched chicks should not be for- 
gotten. It is worth while to place 
them on a separate range away from 
the older chicks. 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 

OF EVERY DEaCRIPTION 
THE RECOGNIZED STANDARD EVERYWHERE 

REGALIA » BADGES » EMBLEMS 

TOOLS. FLAGS. LABOR SAVING BOOKS 
SEND FOR CATALOGUE 

C. J. BAINBRIDGE, SYRACUSE, N. Y. 



iSToen 



WB MAKB 

Regulation 
OfHcers' Regalia 

FOR 

JUVENILE, SUBORDINATE, 

POMONA AND STATE 

GRANGES. 

REGULATION BADGES. PAST 

MASTER'S JEWELS, ETC. 

Write for C*rotUar No. 91 

Fuller Resafii & Costume Compaiiy, 

n HIGH STREET. WORCESllR, MASS. 

Oldest Grange Houae-EttablisheJ 1885 



ENTERTAINMENTS 

-FOR YOUR GRANGE— 

Our Loom- Leaf Play* and Recitations are uied by 
thouundi of Granges. lOc each, or 12 for $1.00. 

pur New "UVE WIRE STUNT BOOK" (60c.) will 
fit in nicely with your Grange programt. 

Send /or Free catalogues. 

T\* Waiu N. BmW« C:. Dcyt. E.. Syracwt. N. T. 



Cut Me Out 

and mail me with your name and 
address to 

MI6NON QUAW LOTT, 

710 ST. HYPOUTE, 
BATON ROUGE, LA. 

and I will send you • humorous 

stunt for your next Grange 

meeting. 



STON REGALIA CO 

Grange Supp lies 
Officers' Sashes 

Members* Badces, Subordinate 
No. 4, Reversible. 45 cents each. 

Pomona Badcee, No.14, Rerero 
tbie S5 cents each. 

No. ftSO U. 8. Wool Bun. 
tine Flag, 3x5 ft. Mounted 
with Eagle and Stand, 96.50 

PHnted Silk Flag, 3x5 ft., Mounts* 
as above. •10.00. Printed Silk FlaA 
4x6ft., Mounted as sbove. 915.00. 

OUR SPECIALTY 

PAST MASTER JB^VBLS 

•5.00 to 920.00 

PINS BUTTONS RINCN^ 

Send for our pricee before jr'^u ba)> 

BOSTON REGAUa'cO) 
•a SUMMEJI S rUKCT BOS I UN. 




A 



Page 14 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1931 | ^^y, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 15 



GRANGE CELEBRATES 

42D ANNIVERSARY 

Valley Grange, Tioga County, cele- 
brated their forty-second anniversary 
Saturday evening, March 21, 1931, 
with a very good attendance. There 
are only two charter members left, 
Mr. and Mrs. Robert Keller. They 
were unable to attend. There was one 
member present who had belonged 
forty-one years. Belle Clark. A very 
interesting program for the occasion 
was given, after which supper was 

served. . , 

Valley Grange was organized at 
AcademV Corners, Pa., March 21, 
1889, with the following charter mem- 
bers : Mr. and Mrs. Allen Baker, Mr. 
and Mrs. E. A. Tremain, Mr. and 
Mrs. C. R. Price, Mr. and Mrs. 
Robert Keller, Mr. and Mrs. L. A. 
Church, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Wagner, 
Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Van Dusen, Mr. 
Bud Mrs. J. S. Ingham, Mr. and Mrs. 
John Yarnell, Mr. and Mrs. C. K. 
Howland, Mrs. Eunice Campbell. 

The first two meetings were held 
in the house of James Peters, the 
house then standing on the corner by 
the side of Fannie Bosard's house. 
Andrew Doan was present and obli- 
gated the above mentioned members. 
Joseph Ingham was elected first 
Worthv Master. At the first of the 
next year Wm. Wagner was elected 
Master and held this oflBce for a num- 
ber of vears. The third Grange meet- 
ing was held at the home of Mr. and 
Mrs. Wagner. The Soldiers' Hall 
was then rented by the Grange for 
fortv dollars per year until a hall was 
built bv Mr. Taft in 1890. 

July 13, 1892, a little over three 
vears after Grange started there was 
a membership of 196 with an average 
yearly attendance of 100 members. 
We now have a membership of 201, 
but considerably less than 100 in 
average attendance. 

On Sept. 30, 1908, the Grange hall 

•and contents were destroyed by fire. 

Januarv 13, 1909, the present hall was 

-dedicated, and November 23, 1923, the 

mortgage was lifted from the prop- 

-erty and burned. 

The first Pomona Grange meeting 
was held in Valley Grange Hall June 
5 and 6, 1890. The second meeting 
was held June 13 and 14, 1912, the 
third meeting was Sept. 5 and 6, 
1918, and the fourth meeting June 4 
:and 5, 1925. 

Bertha Carpenter, Secretary. 



JOHN S. DALE 



Brief Grange News 

The Grange favors the deportation 
<)f all aliens convicted of violating the 
prohibition, narcotic and other crim- 
inal laws. 



The Grange advocates that all short 
selling or undue speculation in agri- 
<;ultural products, except legitimate 
hedging of actual sales, should be 
prohibited by law. 

The Grange favors continued study 
1)y the Department of Agriculture 

and our agricultural colleges in the 
effort to find new industrial uses for 

farm products. 

Prevent Chick /?/«. — Build low 
roosts for the chicks when they are 
three weeks old. Provide plenty of 
room so the chicks will not crowd. 
These precautions will help to pre- 
vent coccidiosis. 



Keep Wool Dry.— Woo\ should be 
stored in a clean, dry place until it 
is sold. It should never be stored in 
a basement. 

It never pays to slight the prepara- 
tion of the seed bed in seeding crops. 



John S. Dale, known to many mem- 
bers of the Grange, died unexpectedly, 
after a brief illness, on March 20, 
1931. 

Mr. Dale was born in College Town- 
ship, Centre County, Pennsylvania, 
January 14, 1865. He was the son of 
George Dale and Helena Dale. He 
was educated in the common schools 
of College Township and completed 
his education at Pennsylvania State 
College, being a member of the class 
of 1889. After completing his work 
at Pennsylvania State College, Mr. 
Dale engaged in teaching in the pub- 
lic schools, serving the capacity of a 
school teacher for a number of years. 
Later on he followed his chosen oc- 
cupation of farming. 

On December 20, 1894, he was 
united in marriage with Carolyn 
Summy. To this union three children 
were born : Norman Dale, who is now 
a resident of Montrose, Susquehanna 
County, Pennsylvania, where he is the 
representative of the Agricultural Ex- 
tension Bureau; Edwin Dale, who is 
the Agriculture Supervisor in the Vo- 
cational Education School at Boals- 
burg, Centre County, Pennsylvania; 
and Edith Mildrel Leinbaugh, a resi- 
dent of Honesdale, Wayne County, 
Pcnnsvlvania. Carolyn Summy Dale 
died March 24, 1928. On June 21, 
1929, Mr. Dale was united in marriage 
with Miss Edith Sankey, who also 
survives him. 

John S. Dale devoted his entire life 
to the advancement of the Agricul- 
tural interests of Pennsylvania. He 
was an active member of the State 
Grange and a member of the Finance 
Committee of the organization since 
1916, except one term from 1918 to 
1921. He organized Penn State 
Grange, No. 1707, and was a member 
of this Subordinate Grange at the 
time of his death. He also served as 
State Deputy of the State Grange at 
different times. Among his many 
other activities, he organized the 
Centre County Agricultural Exten- 
sion Association and served as its 
first President. He was a member of 
the State College Kiwanis Club and 
Chairman of the Agriculture Com- 
mittee of the State College Kiwanis. 
John S. Dale was active in all civic 
affairs and took a special interest in 
the activities of all young people and 
their organizations and endeavors. At 
the time of his death he was serving 
as President of the Grange Mutual 
Fire Insurance Company, of Centre 
County; Vice-President of the State 
Mutual Fire Insurance Association 
and a member of the Executive Board. 
He was also President of the Grange 
Fair Association of Centre County 
and each year devoted a number of 
weeks of energetic work in assisting 
to make the Grange Fair and En- 
campment at Centre Hall a success. 
He was devoted to this work and 
the increasing popularity of this an- 
nual agricultural event evidenced the 
time and labor which he expended in 
this direction. For a number of years 
Mr. Dale was a member of the Grace 
Lutheran Church of State College, 
Pennsylvania. 

Funeral services were conducted at 
the decedent's home on Fairmount 
Avenue, State College, Pennsylvania, 
at 11:00 A.M., Mofiday, March 23, 
1931, by Rev. John F. Harkins, pastor 
of the church of which decedent was a 
member. Interment was made in the 
family plot at Boalsburg. 



Harden Plants. — Before setting 
plants from the greenhouse or hot- 
bed into the field be sure that they 
have been hardened sufficiently by 
gradually lowering the temperature 
and reducing the amount of water 
supplied. 



Know Your Cotrs.— Keeping rec- 
ords on milk production of dairy cows 
is essentially important when the 
price of milk is low. All low pro- 
ducing cows should be weeded from 
the herd as soon as detected. Serious 
losses may thus be prevented. 



Regal Dorcas White Wyandotte Chlckt 
$14.00 a hundred— 258 Egg Record— Ledger 
—No r t h American Contest— Catalogue. 
Keiser'a White Acrea, Grampian, Pa^ 



/\f T k f ITV rUirVQ 25,000 weekly from 
UUALIII LtllvlVO only first-class stock 
at lowest prices ever. White Leghorns 9c: 
Reds. Barred Rocks, W Wyandottes. Black 
Mlnorcas. 11 ; Giants. 16c : Heavy Mixed. 
10c ; Light Mixed, 8c. PLTJM CREEK POUL- 
TRY FARM, Sunbury, Pa. 



Excellent solid colored, registered 
Jersey Bull calf, 4 months old, from 
a great cow, at a bargain. Herd ac- 
credited. W. F. McSparran, Furniss, 
Pa^ 

OFFERING ten Guernsey heifer calves 
and one unrelated male calf. M. Voi.land, 
Brookfleld, Wisconsin^ 

QUALITY CHICKS — 25,000 weekly elec- 
trically hatched from only flrst-class stock 
at reduced prices. White Leghorns. 8c : 
Reds. Rocks. White Wyandottes. Black Ml- 
norcas. 9c; Giants, 14c; Heavy Mixed. 8c; 
Light Mixed. 7c. Plum Creek Poultry 
Farm, Sunbury, Pa. 




Barred Rocks 

S* C» IT. 

Leghorn 

BABY CHICKS 

Low Prices 

WRITE FOR CATALOG 

A. C. JONES 

Poultry Farm A Hatchmry 
Georfvtown and Dover, Dflawar* 



American Anconas — Record Layers — Extr* 
Large — Exceptional Matlngs — Chicks $12.00 
a hundred — Catalogue. American Anconi 
Farms, Grampian, Pa. 

Sunnyfleld Extra Large Single Comb Black 
Mlnorcas — Lay exceptionally large whttr 
eggB — Chicks $14.00 a hundred — Catalogue 
SuNNYFiELD MINORCA FARMS, Grampian. Pa 



BROOKSIDE, 



Bia 

'HUSKY, 
QUAUTY CHICKS 

Extra large English White, 
Leghorns, and Superb* 
Barred Rocks. Prices and 
stock Bure to please you. Circular free. 

BROOKSIDE POULTRY FARM. 
Dept. 2 Chamb«r»burg, Pa. 




Hanson Leghorn Chicks 

Sired by 260-289 eg; four generation and 80C 
egg males. 2500 selected two and three year 
old breeders. 2 grades. Catalog. Also guar- 
anteed chicks in Barred and White Sockt 
and Beds. 

Ridgeway Poultry Farm, Janestown, Pa. 



BABY CHICKS-Purebred 

EVERY CHICK SELECTED 

Barred Rocki, Rhode Iiland Redi. White Rocki. 
White Wyandottei, $15.00 per hundred: Black 
Giants, $20.00; Tom Barron White Leghorni. 
$13.00. The large kind, ▼igoroat year aroond lay- 
-ri. Shipmenti prepaid — live delivery guaranteed. 

LANCASTER CHICK HATCHERY 
O. E. Conn, Prop. Lancaater, Penna. 

Insures good egg- 
shell texture and 
Increased hatchablllty. Unexcelled for tur- 
keys and poultry. Landis Stone Meal Co., 
Rheems, Pa. 



I 



CALCAR GRIT 



3Res(pect 



Under this heading will be printed resolutions adopted by 
Granges, for which a rate of 2 cents per word will be 
charged, cash to accompany copy. 



Protect Forests. — Real cooperation 
is needed if Pennsylvania forests are 
to be protected against their greatest 
enemy, fire. The easiest time to fight 
fire is before it starts. 



FIKE 

WHEREAS, Our all-Wise Father has seen 
fit to call from our earthly fellowship, 
Brother Roger Flke ; be It 

Resolved, That we, the members of the 
Marklpysburg Grange No. 1947. extend our 
sincere sympathy to his parents, drape our 
charter for thirty days, record these reso- 
lutions In our minutes and publish them 
In the Grange News. 

Lem. Lancaster, 
B. S. McNuTT, 
TH08. .1. Gretton. 

Committee. 
MEASE 

Again our ranks have been broken, and 
the Heavenly Father has removed from our 
Grange a respected member. Brother W. H. 
Mease ; therefore, be It 

Resolved, That Blue Ball Grange No. 
1331, extend sympathy to the wife and 
family, that we drape the charter for thirty 
days, a copy be sent to the family, also 
spread on the minutes and published In the 
Grange News. Maurice Bush. 

Calt Gass. 
Robert Duoan. 

Committee. 

YOUNG— DERINGER—TUTTLE 

Whereas. The Divine Master In His In- 
finite wisdom has called Sister Mrs. Howard 
Young. Brother Ira Derlnger and Brother 
Porlcer Tuttle, fom the scenes of labor to 
their heavenly reward ; be It 

Resolved, That while the members of 
Beaver County Pomona Grange No. 66, 
mourns the loss of the loved ones, we do 
not forget the greater loss sustained by 
those nearer and dearer to them. We ex- 
tend our heartfelt sympathy to the bereaved 
families and pray that the loving Father of 
all may comfort them In their loneliness and 
affliction ; and be It further 

Resolved, That these resolutions be 
spread on the minutes, a copy sent to the 
bereaved families and also published In 
Pennsylva.nia Grange News. 

Signed: Alex Luzkli.e, Sr., 
J. O. Hineman. 
Newton R. McBride. 

OBEER 

Whereas, It has been the will of our 
Heavenly Father to remove from our midst 
Brother .Joseph Greer, a charter member of 
New Texas Grange No. 1896 ; be It 



Resolved, That we extend our sympathy 
to his family, that we drape our charter 
for thirty days, send a copy of these reso- 
lutions to Grange News, and record them 
In our minutes. 

J. M. Stewart. 

Ernest Kochkr. 

Laura Magee. 

ORUBB 

Whereas. It has been the will of our 
Heavenly Father to remove from our midst, 
our worthy Master, Brother Harry Grubb 
of McConnellstown Grange No. 1001; be It 

Resolved, That we drape our charter for 
thirty days; and be it further 

Resolved, That we extend our heartfelt 
sympathy to the bereaved family, and be 
It also . 

Resolved, That these resolutions be placed 
on the minutes, be published In the Granok 
News, and a copy be sent to his widow. 

Elizabeth Dallard. 
IRVIN L. Neff. 
Mrs. Raymond Smith. 
Com,mittee 

BELL 

The members of Robinson Grange No. 897, 
bow In humble submission to the will of 
Almighty God, Who. In His Infinite wisdom, 
has promoted to the home above Sister Mary 
D. Bell, a charter member of our Grange. 
We win ever cherish the memory of a faith- 
ful member and a kind friend. 

Resolved, That we extend our sympatny 
to the bereaved family, and that copies ot 
these resolutions be sent to the family, he 
placed on the minutes of our Grange, ana 
sent to the Grange News. Committee. 

KREPP8 

Wherkar. Our Divine Master has callw 
from our midst, our beloved sister, Franc«» 
Krepps, therefore be It „ ^ 

Resolved, That we, the members of Perry- 
opoUs Grange, extend our heartfelt sym* 
pathy to the bereaved family. 

Resolved, That our charter be draped ro«^ 
sixty days, a copy of these resolutions d« 
sent to the bereaved family, placed upon 
our minutes, and published In the Pennsyl- 
vania Grange News. 

Viva Luce. 
LuLA Brewer. 
Bertha Linderman, 

Committee. 



PROPHECY OF THE GRANGE 

By Mabel Lovell 

The Prophecy of a Grange is a 
title, which may, in the future of a 
Grange, cover a very large field or 
only a small area. It all depends on 
the work of the Grange itself. 

Let us take, for instance, a wide 
awake Grange, which is always trying 
for better work and improvements. 
Their success in the future is un- 
limited. 

Then, on the other hand, there is 
the Grange where no interest is shown 
and where buildings are neglected and 
allowed to run down, the future from 
their own efforts will probably not be 
any better than the past. Such a 
Grange certainly has great possibili- 
ties of success if it would only heed 
them and set to work with a will. 

Certainly, here is the chance for 
the wide awake Granges to lend a 
helping hand. Perhaps through the 
aid of the energetic Granges, these 
discouraged and sometimes indif- 
ferent ones may get a more pleasant 
future in view. 

Those engaged in the Grange work 
are a great benefit, not only to their 
own small grange but to the organi- 
zation as a whole. 

Let us first ask the question, "What 
was the purpose of the Grange when 
organized?" As we all know, its pur- 
pose was to educate and elevate the 
American farmer. What a broad 
meaning these few words contain. 
Yet have they not been carried out 
through all the years of the Order's 
existence? Through the Grange, the 
American farmer has obtained higher 
ideals than he had, say fifty years ago. 
He is steadily pressing forward to a 
liigher goal which he has set for him- 
self. 

Does not each Degree teach some 
lesson of essential value to the farmer 
and his home? 

Even in the last few years. Grange 
work has been taken on with a new 
interest and is steadily moving for- 
ward, with far greater results in view 
for the near future than have been 
obtained in the past. 

The young people are showing a 
keen interest in the Grange work. 
What could be more promising for 
greater Grange success than the in- 
terest and cooperation of the oncom- 
ing generation? 

Even in the past year marked prog- 
ress has been made in our our county 
of Tioga. Degree teams have been 
organized to confer the degrees in 
a more impressive manner. Prac- 
tically all of these teams are partially 
composed of the young people, while 



some are made up entirely of the 
younger generation. These teams cer- 
tainly help to spell success to the 
Grange of the future with all prob- 
ability the Grange membership will 
constantly increase through the ef- 
forts of these teams and their spon- 
sors. 

We, as a Grange, are a far-seeing 
people and I do not believe that we 
shall ever see the time when we shall 
be willing to stop work. No, just the 
opposite! The Grange will, in a few 
years, be a stronger and better Order 
even than it is to-day. What great 
unlimited possibilities we have in 
store for the future if we but dili- 
gently keep striving for success. 

The Grange is a great organization. 
Pressing forward as only it can, 

With its purpose for each generation 
To help educate and elevate man. 

Let us strive as patrons together, 
Each day, gladly doing our best. 

To bring to the Grange of the future 
The most noble of all — success. 

(Second Grange Prize Essay — 
Fortieth Anniversary of Grange.) 



PERSONAL 



QUIT TOBACCO easily, Inexpensively, 
without drugs. Send address. S. R. Stokes. 
Mohawk, Florida. 



HONEY 



CLOVEB HONEY, 10 lbs., $1.85; Buck- 
wheat, $1.65 ; postpaid, third zone. Com- 
plete list free. Samples, six cents, Roscoe 
P. WixsoN. Dundee, New York. 



PLANTS 



FROSTPBOOF Cabbage Plants : Copen- 
hagen, Golden Acre, Charleston, Wakefield. 
Glory Enkhuizen ; open fleld grown. Pre- 
paid 500. $1.25; 1,000, $1.75. Express 
collect, $1.00, 1,000. Tomato Plants. $1.00, 
1.000. Cauliflower Plants, $2.00. 1,000. 
Ruby King Pepper Plants, $1.75, 1,000. 
Potato Plants. $1.75. Prompt shipment, 
satisfaction guaranteed. Sims Potato Plant 
Co., Pembroke, Ga. 

BEBMUDA ONION PLANTS— Make bigger 

and sweeter onions. Postpaid : 200, 60c. ; 
500, $1.00; 1,000, $1.75. Transplanted 
Tomato, Pepper, Celery : 50, 65c. ; 100, 
$1.10 ; 500, $5.00. Port Mkllinoer, Dept. 
PG, North Lima, Ohio. 

PLANTS POSTPAID, any lot 25c, (5 lots 
$1.00). Six Hig Pansies, 3 Superb Dwarf 
Cannas, 3 Carnations, 3 Columbines, 2 
Delphiniums, 2 Daisies, 5 Gladiolus, 12 
Asparagus, 24 Beets, 20 Cabbage, 18 Cauli- 
flower, 24 Lettuce. 20 Tomato. (Beet, Cab- 
bage, Lettuce, Tomato 100, 85c; 500. $3.75). 
100 Washington Asparagus, $1.00. Catalog. 
Glick's Plant Farm. Sraoketown. Pa. 

OUABANTEED PLANTS— Prompt service. 
Cabbage, expressed: 1,000, $1.25; 5,000, 
$5.00. Postpaid : 200, 75c. ; 600, $1.50. 
Tomatoes, Peppers, expressed : 500, $1.25 ; 
1.000. $2.00. Postpaid: 200, $1.25; 500, 
$2.25. BucKKYK Farms, Dept. H, Box 641, 
Youngstown, Ohio. 



Classified Department 



LIVE STOCK 



WHEN YOUB COW DOES NOT BBEED— 

Why wait any longer? Try "Cowtone" 30 
minutes before service. (Smallest package, 
$1.70 for 2 cows; $4.90 for 8 cows.) Wood- 
LAWN Farm, LlnesviUe, Pennsylvania, Route 
No. 2, Box 86B. 



DOGS 



JERSEYS -Two Good Bull Calves 

One dropped Feb. 6, 1931, out of R. M. 
Cow with 10,156 lbs. milk, sired by son of 
Dreaming Sultan, out of Imported Gold 
Medal dam with 12,145 lbs. milk. 718 lbs. 
fat. 

One dropped Feb. 9, 1931, out of young 
R. M. Cow now averaging 45 lbs. milk per 
day, sired by Beau Sybil Dreadnaught, out 
of imported show cow, with two Gold Medal 
records. Price, $75.00 each. Registered, 
transferred and crated for shipment. Fed- 
eral accredited herd and blood tested. High- 
land Farms, Greensburg, Pa. 

FOBSOATE FABMS HOLSTEINS— Bulls 
from one month to serviceable age, 299-day 
herd average : 12,231 pounds milk ; 414.2 
pounds fat. Also a number of cows with 
records up to 18,619 pounds milk and 600 
pounds fat. Accredited and blood tested. 
Write for pedigrees and prices. Forsoate 
Farms, Jamesburg, N. J. 



PEDIOBEE COLLIE PUPS— Real quality ; 
farm raised ; beautiful ; Intelligent. Also 
Bmbden geese. Plummbr McCullouqh, 
Mercer. Pa. 



WOMAN'S WANTS 

BUY DIBECT — From manufacturers. Send 
$6.50 for not less than 120 assorted dishes, 
guaranteed, consisting of twelve of each 
cups, saucers, all sizes plates, sauce dishes, 
oatmeals, sugar, creamer, platter, etc. Same 
on decorated one design, $9.00. Factory im- 
perfections. Freight paid over $1.00. 
Standard China Company, 204 Bowery. 
New York City. Box 315. 



HERFORD CALVES AND YEABLINOS 

FOR SALE — Three hundred head extra goofi 
steer and heifer calves and yearlings ; have 
been well wintered, weigh from three to five 
hundred pounds. Cheap. If Interested, come, 
or wire, as they won't last long at the 
price. Located one mile south of Hlllsboro, 
Ohio, on State Route 38. Henry I»unlap. 



BUY CANADIAN-BBED HOLSTEIN COWS 

and heifers freshening this spring. Ad- 
vanced Registration grading. You will like 
our type, breeding, size, and production. 
Healthy herds conveniently located close to 
the border to choose from. A few real good 
young bulls available. Write for listing and 
prices. Apply Director of Extension, 
Holstein-Friesian Association of Canada, 
Brantford, Ontario. 

GUERNSEY BULLS ll1Z.tZr''^^'% 

Sons of Upland's Good Gift A.R.. sire of 
Junior Champion, Pennsylvania Show, out 
of A.R. dams with records up to 700 lbs. 
fat. Herd Accredited and Blood Tested. 
Prices to suit times. Fritzlyn Farms, 
PipersvUle, Pa. 



PLANTS 



CABBAOE AND CAULIFLOWEB PLANTS. 
— Ready May 25th to July 20th. Varieties 
cabbage: Golden. Acre. Copenhagen, Glory. 
Flatdutch. Railhead. Prepaid 200. 65 cts. ; 
400, $1.00; 700, $1.50; 1,000. $2.00; 
Express, $1.25 per thousand. Cauliflower 
prepaid, 100, 60 cts. ; 200, $1.000 ; 500, 
$2.00 ; 1,000, $3.50. Critically assorted, 
moss packed, guaranteed. W. J. Myers, 
R. 2. Massillon, Ohio. 

SOYBEANS FOB SALE — Wilson Early 
Black Soybeans, $2.'?5 : Virginia Brown Soy- 
beans, $2.50; Manchu Soybeans, $1.50 per 
bushel — all f. o. b., recleaned ; new crop seed 
of high germination of 85% up. Sacks free 
for orders up to May 15th. J. T. Vanpkn- 
BURo and Son, Brldgeville, Delaware. 

FBOSTPBOOF CABBAOE PLANTS, large 
openfield grown, true to name. Copenhagen 
and all leading varieties. 75c. 1.000. Ber- 
muda Onion plants. $1.00. Tomato. $1.25. 
Porto Rico Potato, $1.75. Ruby King Pep- 
per, 50c 100, or $4.00 1.000. Brussel 
Sprouts. $1.00 per 1,000 ; Potatoes, $1.45. 
Quitman Plant Co., Quitman. Ga. 



PATOHWOBK — 5 pounds clippings as 
sorted colors, $1.00; four pounds blanket 
remnants, $1.00 ; four pounds cretonne sam- 
ple pieces, $1.00 ; four pounds silk and 
cotton rug strips. $1.00. Pay postman plus 
postage. Large package silks, 25c. Beautl 
ful colors, postpaid. National Tbxtils 
Co.. 661 Main St.. Cambridge. Mass. 



FEMALE AGENTS WANTED 



I'LL GIVE YOU A $12.00 GIFT BOX of 

exquisite, pure-silk Hosiery and luxurious 
Lingerie without cost simply for forming a 
Clover Hosiery Club. All your friends will 
want to Join. You get $12.00 worth of 
Hosiery and Lingerie as your reward. Send 
for full information. I'll supply everything 
you need to form club including a pair of 
beautiful pure-silk Hosiery — your size — also 
new Spring Style Folder from which you can 
select your Lingerie and Hosiery. Write for 
full information. Cloveb Hosiery Com- 
pany. Lincoln St., Boston. Mass. 



POSITIONS WANTED 



DO YOU NEED FABM HELP?— We have 
Jewish young men. able-bodied, some with, 
but mostly without experience, who want 
farm work. If you need a good, steady man. 
write for an order blank. Ours is not a 
commercial agency. We make no charge. 
The Jewish AoRicuLTtjRAL Society. Inc., 
Box D. 301 E. 14th Street. New York City. 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 



GBANGB LETTEB HXADB — They art 
beauties ; printed in two colors with emblem 
in the background. Ruled or unruled paper 
Send for samples. Granqb New* Omcm. 
Chambersburg, Pa 



MISCELLANEOUS 



EABN a piano crocheting at home, spare 
time. No selling or investment. No experi- 
ence needed. Braumullsr Co., Union City, 

N. J. 



BED MITES IN POULTBY HOUSES posi 
lively destroyed by Di-Mlte Spray. This 
powerful and lasting spray contains 8. P. 
F. Carbollneum. the guarantee of satisfac- 
tion. Write for circulars and proof. If 
your dealer does not carry our products, 
order direct from us : — $.63c per gal. In 65- 
gallon drum; .78c per gal. in 30-gallon 
drum ; 1.25 per gal. in 5-gallon cans — P. O. 
B. cars destination. S. P. F. Wood-Prb- 
SERviNo Co., Inc., 238-A Main St., Cam- 
bridge, Mass. 




FERTILIZER PLACER 



oouTH Water Market Where Chicago Handles Much of Its Vegetables, Fruits, Butter and Poultry 



INA-CIBCLE fertilizer PLACEB 

puts material in a six-inch ring around seed 
or growing plant. No fertilizer touches 
seed or plant. $5.00 delivered. Potatoes, 
corn, tomatoes, cabbage. Walk along, lift 
and set-down — that Is all. Holds 25 pounds. 
Cornell tested. Agents wanted. Browning 
& Son, 308-10 Square Street, Utlca, N. Y. 



HAY, GRAIN, PRODUCE 

wanted — Hay, straw, grain. poUtoes, 
apples, cabbage, etc. Carloads pay highest 
market prices. For Sale alfalfa hay. ear 
corn. The Hamilton Co., New Castle, Pa. 



BABY CHICKS 



LOOK! Leghorn chicks, 9 cents; Rocks 
10 cents. Large type ; strictly culled. J. C. 
Sarvbr, MiUerstown, Pa. 

S. 0. W. LEGHORN CHICKS, from con- 
test winning stick. Special discount, early 
orders. Catalog free. Quautt Poultbt 
Farm, Montville, N. J. 

TANCBED WHITE LXGHORN CHICKS 

from Pennsylvania Accredited Flock. Book- 
let. North Poultry Farm. McAlisterville. 
Pa. 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 16 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1931 



Real Compensation Insurance 



Our policies furnish compensation protection as re- 
quired by the Compensation Act and in case of accident pays 
benefits according to the Act. 

We protect the employer 24 hours in the day, regardless 
of when or where an accident might occur. 

We have always paid a dividend. 

This company was organized by the sawmill men, thresh- 
ermen and farmers and is controlled by these interests. 

WRITE for detailed information, as to costs, benefits, 
etc. 



Stop! Look! Listen! 

One accident is likely to cost you more than 
insurance protection for a lifetime. A protection 
that will stand between you and a Court and Jury 
in case of an accident is an asset to every man 
employing labor of any description. 

Safety First Is a Good Motto 



J am interested in having Casualty Insurance for my help and 
protection for myself, 24 hours in the day. I estimate my payroll 



FINANCIAL STATEMENT 



DECEMBER 31. 1930 



for the year at 



Occupation 



Name 



Address .. 






ASSETS 

Cash $13,287.44 

Premlumi In Course of Collection 26,921.61 

Premium Notei Receivable 8,170.69 

Investmentt 862.645 42 

Accrued Interest 4,744.77 

Re-Insurance Recovered (Invest- 

ed) Z,8»i.»^ 

$418,601.16 



LIABILITIES 

Amounts Payable $88.84 

Premiums Paid in Advance .... 6,392.27 

Reserve for Unpaid Losses 116,887.51 

Reserve for Unearned Premiums 85;06e 46 

Reserve for Dividends 16,000.00 

Reserve for Unpaid Commissions 8,000.00 



Surplus 



.192.266.67 



$418,601.16 



A dividend of 20% is being paid to all 1930 policyholders. 



Autom 



0]t 



Truck 



-SAVE MONEY BY GIVING US YOUR INSURANCE." Thi. Company allow, a discount of 25% from the Manual 
rate, on all automobile, and truck, to .tart with. We write a Standard Policy. F,ll m the at- 

tached blank and we will give you full information. 



Name 

A ddress _ 

Business 

Insurance Begins 

Name of Car and Model Series. 

Type of Body - 

Serial Number — 

Name of Truck 

Serial Number — — 



(Street and Number) 



{City) 



(.State) 



.19 Expires. 



19. 



Year Model 



Number of Cylinders. 

Motor Number 

Capacity or Weight 

Motor Number 



L 1ST PRICE ACTUAL COST 



PURCHASED BY ASSURED— NEW OR 
SECOND HAND 



MONTH 



YEAR 



PENNSYLVANIA THRESHERMEN & FARMERS' MUTUAL CASUALTY INSURANCE CO. 



311 Mechanics Trust Building 



Harrisburgy Pennsylvania 



THE PENNSYLVANIA THRESHERMEN k FARMERS' MUTUAL CASUALTY INSURANCE COMPANY ENDORSED BY THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE PENNSYLVANIA 
STATE GRANGE AS THE OFFICIAL GRANGE COMPANY TO WRITE COMPENSATION AND AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE FOR THE GRANGE MEMBERSHIP OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



LIBRAR> 




Entered as second-clasB matter at the Post Office at HarriBburg. Pa., under Act of CongresB of March 3. 1879 



VOL. XXVIII 



HARRISBURG, PA., JUNE, 1931 



No. 3 



Summary of Legislation 
Enacted by 1931 Session 

Gasoline Tax to Be Collected from Distrib- 
utor. 20,000 Mile Road Bill Passed. 
Constitutional Amendment for 
Income Tax Now Possible 

By John H. Light 



to the Constitution, had the support 
of the Grange, and in its stead was 
passed Senate Bill No. 801, House 
1039), by Mr. Holmes. If enacted 
into law, this will prepare the way 
for an Income Tax law for Pennsyl- 
vania. The State Grange has advo- 
cated an income tax law for some 



Speakers Selected 
for Grange Picnics 

THE picnic season is at hand and 
Granges desiring the services of 
speakers identified with the 
Grange should address any of the fol- 
.„ — „„ ....^...^ .„.- --- . --- - lowing. The Grange holding the 
years and it is hoped that since the .^^.^ ^^^^^^ furnish transportation 
Pr^TiatUii+innol nhstnole IS now re- \^ , ,. .1 . j„ £ — ♦u^ 



.ycuia aii« i.> io . v.^-- "-- — picnic should lumisH transportation 

Constitutional obstacle is now re-^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^he grounds for the 

moved we may see the enactment 01 . , . , 1 • ^ __i.^i„ 

such a law in some future Assembly. 



IT IS generally believed that we 
have too many laws, and the 1931 
Session of the Assembly has the 
credit of passing fewer measures than 
any other legislative session in recent 
vears. At the same time, it was the 
longest session since 1923. As Grange 
News goes to press, the Legislature 
enters its last week's work, and one 
of the outstanding measures that was 
passed during the Session was the bill 
changing gasoline tax collections from 
retailers to distributors, a measure 
that will save the State several mil- 
lions in fuel tax collections. Some 
26,000 retailers will get a rude shock, 
however, when the law becomes oper- 
ative June 1st. Formerly, a dealer 
was allowed 2 per cent of his tax for 
spillage and wastage accompanying 
handling of gasoline. Under the new 
law he will pay tax not only on all 
gasoline actually sold but on that 
spilled, evaporated or wasted as well. 
The new law gives only distributors 
the two per cent allowance. The 
State Grange has favored this change 
in the Sessions of 1927, 1929 and the 
present Session. 

Another measure that was passed 
and will receive general approval is 
the 20,000 miles of Township Roads 
that will be taken over and main- 
tained by the State Highway Depart- 
ment. This was an Administration 
Measure and it will also be recalled 
that the State Grange meeting at 
Pottsville favored it and our legisla- 
tive efforts were in its support. 

The Sunday Blue Laws, which were 
under consideration for amendment 
via the route of Sunday Baseball, re- 
mained intact. Numerous efforts were 
made to amend these laws and all 
failed until Representative H. A. Sur- 
face, of Snyder County, changed his 
vote for the local option measure 
when the Denning Bill came up for 
consideration. The Senate Commit- 
tee killed the measure in Committee 
when it reached them, and therefore 
professional baseball fans will have to 
be content with six days for ball 
games. 

No tax legislation received any 
consideration. Three bills favoring 
the creation of Central Boards of As- 



sessors were considered, two of which 
were lost to the sponsors and one re- 
ferring to third-class counties is on 
the Governor's desk for his considera- 
tion. It is generally known that the 
State Grange has not changed its 
position on the question of assessment 
of properties for taxing purposes. 

As usual, the net profits tax bill 
did not get out of committee and it 
must be recalled, that at the opening 
of the Session it was generally un- 
derstood that no new forms of taxa- 
tion would be considered. A drive 
was made to repeal the mercantile 
tax, but with no avail. 

Senate Bill No. 536, by Senator 
Woodward, proposing an amendment 



We had hoped for legislation look- 
ing towards cleaner and better elec- 
tions, and while several minor meas- 
ures received consideration, the Elec- 
tion Code fell by the wayside. Elec- 
tion reform has always been demand- 
ed by the people who wish to play 
fair and by those who stand for the 
rights of the people and a free gov- 
ernment. Honest people have always 
favored clean elections and the pun- 
ishment of those who commit ballot 
frauds. With all this pleading, Leg- 
islatures come and go with little, if 
any relief. There can be only one 
conclusion, viz. — that the professional 
politician does not desire Election 
Laws that are iron clad, and that 
would protect the common folk. 

As Grange News goes to press, it 
is openly predicted that little if any- 
thing can be done that will affect the 
(Concluded on page 2.) 



speaker, besides making prompt settle- 
ment for the expenses. Grange ac- 
tivity can be made an important part 
of the picnic season and our member- 
ship as well as others will benefit by 
the services of an able speaker. 

Following is a list of speakers ap- 
proved by the Grange: 

W. F. Hill, Past Master, Hunt- 
ingdon. 

John A. McSparran, Past Master, 
Furniss. 

P. H. Dewey, Past Master, Harris- 
burg. 

J. A. Boak, Past Overseer, New 
Castle. 

Dr. C. C. Rankin, Deputy-at-Large, 
1930 Chestnut St., Philadelphia. 

Rev. Geo. W. Hatch, Past Chaplain, 
Mahaffey. 

Rev. Chas. I. Steffy, Past Chaplain, 
Nickleville. 

E. B. Dorsett, Master, Mansfield. 
Geo. W. Schuler, Overseer, Fleet- 
wood. 



i 





■^*% 



„ I T'lv rr i^ 

"nfffffff 




Thi Nation's Capitol 
A point of interest for all attending the Middle Atlantic Conference. 




Page 2 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



June, 1931 



East 



H. G. Eisaman, Lecturer, 
Springrfield. 

M. A. Spleen, Steward, Ridgway. 

H. B. Phillips, Assistant Steward, 
New Bethlehem. 

W. D. Keemer, Chaplain, East Wa- 
terford. 

Frank P. Willits, Treasurer, Ward. 

John H. Light, Secretary, Harris- 
burg. 

V. E. Carr, Gatekeeper, Punxsu- 

tawney. 

Sara Carven, Ceres, Beaver Falls. 

Mrs. Geo. Gault, Pomona, Harmons- 
burg. 

Lucy Shumway, Flora, Wyalusing. 

Mrs. Lillian Michael, L. A. Steward, 
Muncy. 

S. A. Harshaw, Member Executive 
Committee, Conneaut Lake. 

H. D. AHebach, Member Executive 
Committee, Trappe. 

Kenzie Bagshaw, Member Executive 
Committee, Hollidaysburg. 

Prof. W. R. Gordon, State College. 

Prof. F. W. Weaver, State College. 



SUMMARY OF LEGISLATION 

ENACTED BY 1931 SESSION 

(Concluded from page 1.) 

Public Service Commission and the 
regulation of Utilities, due to the 
hostility of the majority in the State 
Senate. It is openly predicted that 
because of this condition, a Special 
Session of the Assembly may be nec- 
essary. The facts and evidence pro- 
duced before both the House and the 
Senate Investigating Committees 
should have been sufficient to deter- 
mine the issue. 

House Bill No. 1313, commonly 
known as the Grange School Bill 
passed the House on May 25th. Be- 
cause of the unfriendly attitude of 
some prominent school officials the 
bill was waylaid in the Senate and 
failed of final passage. It must be 
recorded that prominent educators 
have admitted that the principles un- 
derlying this Bill are sound and that 
ere long the present Edmonds Act 
must be supplanted by a plan of this 
type. 

Two Commissions appointed by the 
Legislature have studied the subject, 
one on a 3 and one-half mill basis 
and one on a 5-mill tax basis. The 
latter report was to be in the hands 
of the Governor November 1, 1930, 
and what has happened to it no one 
can tell. At any rate it wasn't avail- 
able for study by the Educational 
Committee of the House and conse- 
quently much important data could 
not be publicized. Present plans are 
to have another Commission appoint- 
ed with the idea of further study and 
in the meantime fourth-class school 
districts are in distress. Evidently, 
many educators have lost sight of the 
dire need and the condition of finan- 
cial embarrassment that prevails in 
many rural school districts. The 
State Standards and Requirements 
cannot be made by local taxation and 
the State must subsidize such dis- 
tricts. We have no doubt that the 
1933 Session of the Assembly will be 
compelled to legislate upon this mat- 
ter. 

As usual matters of minor impor- 
tance received consideration and 
])assed both Houses. But the most 
important issues could not be passed 
because of a hostile Senate. While 
Highways receive first consideration 
for the expenditure of funds we have 
come to believe that the educational 
interests of our rural counties are 
not supported on a par with roads. 
It is true that an additional appro- 
priation of $5,000,000 is made for 
education for the 1931-33 biennium, 
but this will go in a large measure to 
the districts that are well able to sup- 
port themselves. 



Dates Announced for Holding 

of Pennsylvania County Fairs 

rIE time and place for holding 59 county fairs and exhibitions have been 
compiled by the Bureau of Statistics, Pennsylvania Department ot 
Agriculture. The fair season covers a period of approximately lU 
weeks with two fairs opening August 12, one at Ford City, Arn^trong 
County, and the other at Fawn Grove, York County. The last lair is 
scheduled for Oil City in Venango County, beginning October 19. 

During 1930, approximately 70 county fairs were held in the Common- 
wealth. Almost two million people were in attendance and a total ot $225,uuu 
was paid in premiums to exhibitors. 

The preliminary 1931 schedule of all fairs reporting to the Department 
is as follows: 

County and Association ^^^^ «"^ ^«*^ 

Adams-South Mountain Fair Association ^'fovTctty A^g lt\l 

ArmjBtrong— Armstrong County Fair Company . . nnltnn Sent 1-4 

Armstronl— Dayton Agricultural & Mechanical Association Dayton. Sept. 1 4 

Bedford— Bedford County Agricultural Society ^®^?I?A.nl^^^pn? l?*19 

Be?is-Agricultural & Horticultural Association of Berks Co iSS.ttown Aug 18-2? 

Berks— Kutztown Fair Association •••••••••• Towanda' aSI" 25-29 

Bradford— Bradford County Agricultural Society Ifhens Seot 7-12 

Bradford— Interstate Fair Association t?ov Sent 1-5 

Bradford— Troy Agricultural Society ouakertown %%t 1-5 

Bucks County Agricultural Society Kn vi;?tnwnS^^' 29^0ct 3 

Doylestown Fair Association ^°^ Butler Auk 18-21 

-Butler Fair and Exposition * * ^ ' « V 7 i9 

Cambria-Cambria County Fair Association L;hi|k'lon!^Se?t.^2TbcV.'3 

Carbon— Lehlghton Fair ••••••'••. ^"^'^.^ u„ii 



Buck 

Bucks 

Butler 



uaroon — uGaiauwu ran •••••••••••••••'•.' n, ',1 rnntrp Hall Auk 22-28 

Centre— Grange Encampment & Centre County Fair ciarlSn Aul' 26-29 

Crawford— Oil Creek Fair Association Newv lie SeSt 15-18 

Piimhpriand Mifflin Agricultural Association , wewviue, °«»J*- j;^ ■^° 

CuSblHaSd-¥ie Grea^t Grangers' (Picnic) Fair Williams Grov^. ^ug. "Jl-Sept. 7 

Dauphin— Grata Agricultural & Horticultural Association GraU. Sept. ^^-^o 

Eri^Wattsburg Agricultural Society Wattsburg Sept^ 1-4 

^V.S^.'^-^Vrl'iinTct' /^^^^^^^^^^^ Association: ! ! ! ! ! Chamb"e=g S^t. sIlO 

Greene^Greene County Agricultural & Mfg. Society Carmichaels. Sept. 15-18 

Huntingdon-Huntingdon County Agricultural Association Huntingdon. Aug. 25-28 

Indiana-Indiana County Agricultural Society cookpTt' lept- 2^:26 

Indiana— Green Township Community Association „ P m JZt 7 i9 

Jefferson-Jefferson County Agricultural Association i>ort°Roral 'sfpt Jill 

Juniata— Juniata County Agricultural Society Port Royal, bept. lo lo 

Lancaster-Lancaster County Agricultural Fair Association ^"xj^fpow Se1,tembe? 

tIckawanna-Keystone Agrlcuitura Soc e y AlVentownSept'^ 2^-26 

Lehigh— Lehigh County Agricultural boc ety HuKhervUle Oct 7-10 

Lycoming— Lycoming County Fair Association Hughesvuie. uci. 

' " ' „ ,_ Stoneboro, Sept 

Mercer — Stoneboro Fair ••••••••;•• T>»wiBtown Sent 1-5 

Mifflin— Mifflin County Fair Association Sme^hDon Sept 7-10 

McKean— McKean County Fair Association •••••••;•••• TSatflpfd Sent 7-12 

Montgomery— Montgomery County Agricultural Association Hatfield Sept. 7 1^ 

Perry-Perry County Agricultural Society -^l^Fl'l' IT' tn 

18-21 

15-18 

22-25 

Sept. 9-11 

sGsquehanna^Susquehanna County Agrrcultur'aV Society .Montrose. Aug. 26-28 

Tioga — Smythe Park Association oo or 

Cnion-Unlon County Agricultural Society • """""nTcu. n^t II 21 

Venango— Venango Co. Farmers' & Fruit Growers' Assn „/ " * ^' a til 

Washington-Washington Fair Association Bu^getmowS lep"' fl-Oct 1 

WRshWiKton Union Agricultural Association Burgetisiown. »eP^- ^" ik 17 

wrsffion-West Alexander Agricultural Association West Alexander, ^pt. 15-17 

Wavn^Wayne County Agricultural Society . .Honesdale. Sept. 22-25 

wJ?SrioreenDreher Community Fair Association Newfoundland. Sept. 10-12 

W%m^WyoSlng county Fair Association Tunkhannock. Sept 15-19 

York— York County Agricultural Society Hanover Sept. 1-4 

Vork-Hanover Agricultural Socie^y^^Vlatron \\\\\\\\V-.\\V.\¥^n'^!^S^}^^^ 

1d-19 
24-29 



June, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 3 



I 



Every Granger 
Can Be 
Protected 



pOR every Granger who 
is anxious to secure 
the maximum protection 
at the minimum cost, a 
new Modified Life Plan 
is provided. This Modi' 
fied Life Policy provides 
permanent life insurance 
protection, double in- 
demnity for a small ad' 
ditional premium, con- 
version privileges to any 
other form of life or en- 
dowment policy. The cost 
for the first five years is 
only about one-half as 
much as an Ordinary Life 
Policy. 

Every Granger can now 
apply for one of these 
policies to the 



4-8 

. L. 

McKe'an— McKean County Fair Association' Sm^ethport, Sept. 

Uy A 

ral S 

Schuylkill— Schuylkill County Fair Co. . Mfj"r?dare^' A^uT' 

Some'rset-Somerset county Fal^ 

Somerset — Jenner talr Associaiion •••••••• irnrUavJilA S«»nt 

Suillvan-Sullivan County Agricultural Society ^°Aartford ° — 

^nnniiPhanna Hartford Agricultural Society riariioru, 

Susquehanna «f/^V"hann« nonntv Aericultural Society Montrose. 

Mansfield, Sept. 16-19 



Farmers & Traders Life 
Insurance Co. 

Home Office-State Tower Bids. 
Syracuse, N. Y. 




FIELD DAY PROGRAMS 

AT STATE COLLEGE 

INCLUDE FARM FACTS 

When Pennsylvania farm folks go 
to State College June 11th for the 
annual field day program provided by 
the School of Agriculture and Ex- 
periment Station they will find a va- 
riety of timely interesting informa- 
tion. 

Agricultural engineering will dem- 
onstrate feed grinding with electric 
power, tractors in corn and potato pro- 
duction, spraying equipment, burglar 
alarms, and rope knots and splices. 

Agronomy will present results ob- 
tained with lime and fertilizers, varie- 
ties and strains of alfalfa and clover, 
forage crops and grasses, and turf 

grasses. 

In animal husbandry the program 
will include horse and mule pulling 
contests, pork cutting, wool market- 
ing, opportunities with beef cattle, 
swine types, and control of sheep and 
swine pests. 

Dairy husbandry will offer the latest 
information on Bang's disease, raising 
calves, maintaining pastures, herd im- 
provement, and dairy investigations. 

Saw filing and timber estimating 
will be the forestry contributions. 

Maintaining soil fertility, training 



Breeders of 

Eastern Mink 
Silver and Cross Foxes 



and 



and pruning trees, insect and disease 
control will comprise the fruit grow- 
ing program. 

In ornamental horticulture the 
growing of plants from seeds, cut- 
tings, layers, and by budding and the 
culture of ornamentals will be fea- 
tured. 

Poultry husbandry, specialists will 
talk on breeding, culling, feeding, 
brooding, housing, marketing, com- 
bating diseases, and poultry prospects. 

In vegetable gardening and plant 
breeding new varieties and kinds of 
vegetables, tools and equipment, plant 
growing operations, vegetables for 
farm and home gardens, fertilizers, 
and greenhouse problems will be dis- 
cussed. 

Home economics will stress posture 
and its relation to health and the sig- 
nificance of the rural home. 



Pen Raised Muskrats 

Very profitable sideline for 

farmers, especially the 

chicken farmer. 



Write us for information or 
better still call and 



see us 



Greenland Fur Farm Co. 

Greenland, N. H. 



Attend Farmer's Day. — Rural folks 
will find Farmer's Field Day at the 
Pennsylvania State College a store- 
house of useful information. The 
event opens with a program of enter- 
tainment Wednesday evening, June 
10th, and continues all day Thursday. 



Stones and sticks are throvTn only 
at fruit-bearing trees. — Saadi. 



RHODODENDRON 
MAXIMUM 

Choice PUtitt 



1 




; Tbat Will Add 
i\' Beautj and 
ValHe to Yoar 
Home 

Our Priem Li$i 
Fvm 



Tennessee ETergreen Co., 

POEVILLE. TENK. 




yiastem^s Letter to Qranges 



m 



m 



tials, unity ; in nonessentials, liberty ; 
and in all things charity.'* 



Support our advertisers, they de- 
serve it. 



Grange History 

1. The founder of the Order was 
Oliver Hudson Kelley, born and edu- 
cated in New England, but removed 
to Minnesota, where he was living 
when appointed by the Federal Gov- 
ernment, at the close of the Civil War, 
to visit the South and study agricul- 
tural conditions. 

2. He is called "Father Kelley," be- 
cause he was the founder of the Order, 
the same as we speak of George Wash- 
ington as the Father of his Country. 

3. The National Grange was organ- 
ized at Washington, D. C, Dec. 4, 
1867. The seven founders were Oliver 
Hudson Kelley, William Saunders, J. 
R. Thompson, William M. Ireland, 
Rev. A. B. Grosh, F. M. McDowell, 
^nd Rev. John Trimble. 

4. Carrie A. Hall, a niece of Father 
Kelley, is also remembered for the 
work she did in effecting the organiza- 
tion. It was her foresight and intel- 
ligent action that gave women equal- 
ity with the men in our great Farm 
Fraternity. She was the first Ceres 
of the National Grange, and had the 
honor of being the first woman to hold 
oflfice in a farm organization. 

6. William Saunders was the first 
National Master, and won for himself 
a world-wide reputation for his skill 
and efficiency as a landscape gardener. 
He laid out the grounds at Washing- 
ton, D. C, and the Battlefield at 
Gettysburg. These two great master- 
pieces have been admired by the na- 
tions of the world, and every Patron 
should be proud of the work so ably 
and efficiently done by our first Na- 
tional Master. 

6. Potomac Grange, No. 1, was or- 
ganized as a practice Grange, as well 
as for a home for the Washington 
membership. It was dormant for 
many years, but was recently reor- 
ganized and has the distinction of 
having more states represented in its 
membership than any Grange in the 
United States. Its present Secretary 
is Brother A. M. Cornell, Past Lec- 
turer of the Pennsylvania State 
Grange. 

7. April 16, 1868, Fredonia Grange, 
No. 1, was organized at Fredonia, N. 
Y. This was the first actual farm or- 
ganization of its kind in the world, 
and is the Grange to which Sherman 
J. Lowell, Past Master of the Na- 
tional Grange, belongs. 

^ 8. February 23, 1869, the Minnesota 
State Grange was instituted, giving 
to this state the honor of having the 
first state-wide farm organization. 

9. In 1874, the National Grange, as- 
sembled at St. Louis, adopted the 
Declaration of Purposes, as written by 
J. W. Wright, Master of the Cali- 
fornia State Grange. No other order 
or organization has ever had its ob- 
jects and purposes so clearly defined 
as are those of the Grange in this 
most outstanding document. Every 
Patron should become familiar with 
its contents. 

I trust that this Grange informa- 
tion will be appreciated by our entire 
membership and that it will result in 
creating greater interest and a deeper 
reverence for the work that is being 
done by our beloved Order. 

Tioga County Gets a New 
Juvenile Grange 

^ Ward Juvenile Grange was organ- 
ized by the worthy State Master, as- 
sisted by Pomona Juvenile Deputy, 
bister Elizabeth Starkey, Wednesday 



with sixteen 



evening. May 6th, 
Charter members. 

Sadie Davy was elected Matron, 
Nora Hill, Master; Eloise Segur, 
Lecturer, and Lena Hill, Secretary. 
Ward Grange is one of the oldest 
Granges in Tioga County and was the 
Grange to which Brother Wallace 
Chase, Past Gatekeeper of the Penn- 
sylvania State Grange, belonged. 

It will be of interest to many of the 
older members who remember Brother 
Chase, to learn that the mother of 
seven of the children who joined is a 
granddaughter of Brother Chase. The 
little folks took a keen interest in 
work of organizing, and though it can 
never be a large Juvenile, I predict 
that it will be active. 
Odin Grange Organizes a Juvenile 

Saturday evening. May 16th, the 
State Master organized a Juvenile 
Grange at Odin, with eighteen Charter 
members. Mrs. Ethelyn Geer was 
elected Matron, Robert Kelley, Mas- 
ter; Alverda Dougherty, Lecturer, 
and Katherine Geer, Secretary, all of 
Coudersport, Pa. 

Odin Grange lost ita hall by fire one 
year ago last February. Instead of 
quitting, the members went to work 
and built a new hall and have reduced 
the cost to about $1,200. This is the 
kind of courage that makes for suc- 
cess. The next Pomona will be held 
in the new hall. 

Up to May 18th we had organized 
four Subordinate, nine Juveniles, 
and reorganized eight Subordinate 
Granges. Before this reaches you 
there will be several additions. If 
you know of a section where either a 
Juvenile or Subordinate Grange can 
be organized, or one reorganized, get 
in touch with your nearest Deputy, 
or write the State Master and imme- 
diate attention will be given. 



Change of Time and Place of 
Meeting 



A number of letters have been re- 
ceived during the year, requesting in- 
formation relative to Grange pro- 
cedure in changing the time and place 
of meeting. I will consider the latter 
first. The law governing this ques- 
tion is not at all clear, but it is evi- 
dent that it was the intent to have 
the question decided by a two-thirds 
vote of the Grange. 

A resolution, setting forth the pro- 
posed change, and all information per- 
taining thereto, shall be submitted to 
the Grange in writing, and lie over 
until the next regular meeting. In 
the meantime, the Secretary must give 
each member a written notice of the 
resolution pending, and that the 
Grange will vote on the question at 
the next regular meeting, giving time 
and place of meeting. 

If two-thirds vote in the affirma- 
tive, the resolution shall carry, but if 
more than one-third vote in the nega- 
tive, the resolution is lost. In chang- 
ing the time of meeting, a majority 
vote is all that is necessary, provided 
the change is only for a few meetings. 
If the change is to be permanent, then 
follow the instructions as outlined for 
changing the place of meeting. In 
either case it is not necessary to ob- 
tain the consent of the State Master. 

Care should be exercised in making 
either of these changes. Let nothing 
be said or done that will cause dis- 
sension or destroy the peace and har- 
mony of the Grange. When a de- 
cision has been reached, let all abide 
by it, courteously and cheerfully. 
Ever practice the motto, "In essen- 



Juvenile Grange Work 

Now that the schools are closed and 
the boys and girls have more time at 
their disposal, more attention should 
be given to Juvenile work. Many Pa- 
trons do not understand the relation- 
ship between the Juvenile and the 
Subordinate Grange, know little or 
nothing about the benefits derived, or 
what it costs to get them. It is not 
so much the immediate benefits, but 
the ones which are the most lasting 
and helpful in shaping the lives of our 
boys and girls with which we are most 
concerned. 

It is true that not all of them join 
the Subordinate Grange when they 
graduate. It is also true that not all 
of the boys and girls who attend Sun- 
day school, join the church, yet no 
thinking man or woman would have 
the Sunday school closed or the boys 
and girls denied the privilege of at- 
tending. It is the practice, discipline 
and training that makes Juvenile 
work valuable and it will be helpful 
to them in all the activities of life. 

We have only to review the action 
of our Legislators to more readily 
understand the value of the right kind 
of early training. If more members 
of the House had received the kind of 
instruction that is imparted in the 
Juvenile Grange, they would have 
voted to observe the Sabbath, instead 
of desecrating it by legalizing Sunday 
baseball. Obedience and respect for 
law and those in authority, must be 
taught our boys and girls during 
youth, while their minds are still cap- 
able of receiving and retaining those 
ideals which make for a higher type 
of manhood and womanhood. As the 
twig is bent the tree is inclined. 

Boys and girls who receive the 
training that is obtained in a Juvenile 
Grange, will be greatly benefited, 
whether they join the Subordinate or 
not. The many who do, obtain an 
experience that could not be had in 
other ways, and one that will be help- 
ful to them all through life. 

The Juvenile Grange is all that the 
name implies, a young branch of the 
Subordinate. It has the same number 
of officers, with the same titles, and re- 
quires the same number for an or- 
ganization. The Juvenile has its own 
Manual, which contains the Opening 
and Closing Exercises, the Degree and 
Installation Ceremony. 

Many of the officers commit their 
parts, thus cultivating their memory, 
as well as receiving most valuable 
training in the art of public speaking. 
One of the greatest benefits comes 
from being taught how to play to- 
gether. Boys and girls who never, 
never learn this lesson, will ever be 
able to work together efficiently. Or- 
ganized play is just as essential as 
organized labor. It is not so much 
the information received, as it is the 
discipline acquired. 



loted for and accepted the same aa 
other applicants. They will then be 
Obligated and instructed, but not in- 
itiated. The Juvenile Grange may 
charge all Honorary Members dues if 
it so desires. 

The Master of the Subordinate 
should become an Honorary Member 
of the Juvenile, in order that he may 
counsel and advise, but never dictate 
The object of the Juvenile is to teach 
the boys and girls self-reliance and 
independence. This cannot be done 
unless they are given more or less 
freedom of thought and action. So 
far as possible, teach the officers to 
perform their duties without too much 
assistance and interference. 



Fees and Dues 

The fee for joining the Juvenile is 
15c. The dues are 5c per quarter or 
20c a year. Parents will never spend 
any money for their children that will 
be so helpful as that expended for Ju- 
venile membership. When the future 
of the child is considered, the expense 
becomes a mere trifle. In this in- 
stance benefits derived cannot be 
measured in dollars and cents. 

The Matron or Patron is elected by 
the Subordinate Grange, and they in 
turn, appoint their assistants. Care 
should be exercised in selecting these 
officials, as the success of the Juvenile 
will depend largely upon the ability 
of the Matron or Patron to guide and 
direct the little folks intelligently. 
The Charter fee is $5.00 and should 
be paid to the organizer by the Sub- 
ordinate Grange. This fee pays for 
the Charter, Manuals, Outfit for the 
Secretary and Treasurer. 

Every Grange that has the required 
number of children, a suitable place 
to meet and some one with tact and 
patience to lead, should organize a 
Juvenile Grange. Get in touch with 
your nearest Juvenile Deputy, Po- 
mona Master, or write the State Mas- 
ter direct, and any assistance that is 
needed will be furnished. 

A live Juvenile Grange will in- 
crease both the interest and attend- 
ance in the Subordinate. Many par- 
ents are now being kept at home be- 
cause they have no place to leave their 
children. Organize a Juvenile and 
note the effect it wil Ihave on the Sub- 
ordinate and the interest that will be 
manifested by the children in the 
work assigned them. For their sake 
you cannot afford to neglect this op- 
portunity. 

Fraternally yours, 

E. B. Dorsett. 



Who May Join? 

Boys and girls between five and 
fourteen, whose parents belong, or are 
eligible, may join the Juvenile 
Grange. Thirteen is the least num- 
ber that can organize and four of 
these must be girls. The organizer 
should always endeavor to get more 
than just the required number, and 
some assistance should be given in the 
election of their officers. 

In organizing, the Matron or Pa- 
tron, Master of the Subordinate and 
as many other members as desire, 
may become Honorary Members, by 
receiving the Obligation and instruc- 
tion with the others. After the Ju- 
venile is organized, no Subordinate 
member can become an Honorary 
Member of the Juvenile, unles bal- 



HOME COMING 



On the evening of May 11th the 
Turkey Foot Grange, No. 1164 of 
Washington County had a home com- 
ing in their newly painted and electric 
lighted hall. The invitations were 
sent to all the past and present mem- 
bers. Of the thirteen charter mem- 
bers, eight are living, they are Mr. J. 
P. Froebe, Mr. Frank Zimmerman, 
Mr. W. B. Galley, Mr. J. H. Cheese- 
man, Mr. T. J. McClelland, Mrs. C. 
Mesta, Mrs. F>ank Zimmerman and 
Mrs. J. P. Froebe. 

The Grange was organized in 1897, 
the present hall was dedicated in 1899, 
at which time Mr. W. F. Hill, the 
State Master officiated, and Mr. Hill 
came to the home coming and gave a 
wonderful address. After a fine pro- 
gram of music, both vocal and instru- 
mental, some very good talks were 
given by Mr. J. J. Cleland, Mr. John 
L. Post, Mr. W. D. Philips and Mrs. 
W. D. Philips. 



Pack Fruit Well. — Fruit that is 
packed well will go through to market 
in better condition and will sell more 
quickly for a higher price. 



Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



June, 19311 ''""*' ^^^^ 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 



BUCKS COUNTY FARMERS 

PLAN NEW EGG AUCTION 

Poultrymen of Bucks County have 
organized a Producers' Cooperative 
Association for the purpose of estab- 
lishing an egg auction market, accord- 
ing to H. N. Keist of the Pennsyl- 
vania State College. The auction will 
be started in Doylestown in July, it is 
planned, and will be patterned after 
the one at Flemington, N. J. 

Eighteen members owning 27,000 
laying birds are charter members of 
the Bucks County organization. 
Under normal conditions they will 
produce 266 to 270 cases of eggs a 
week. Sales will be made mostly to 
hucksters who will sell the eggs at 
retail in the city. Under the auction 
plan they are able to get better quality 
eggs cheaper than if bought at whole- 
sale, while the farmer producers re- 
ceive better returns. 

When the eggs are brought to the 
auction they are candled and graded 
for size, color of shell, and color of 
yolk. Each case is marked with the 
weight, grade, and producer's name. 

Started last fall, the Flemington 
auction has proved to be a tremendous 
success. From nine members the num- 
ber has increased to more than 300. 
Seven hundred cases a week are sold 
at two auctions. Bucks County has a 
bird population of 600,000 compared 
to about 160,000 in Hunterdon County, 
which is served by the Flemington 
auction. The Bucki* county poultry- 
men anticipate a successful market 
under the new plan, Keist states. 



SUMMIT GRANGE 

STARTS EXTENSIVE 

PROGRAM CAMPAIGN 



sented by Sister Tina Bauer, and 
was well received. Past Secretary J. 
J. Brendel sang a catchy Kube song, 
and there were several instrumental 
numbers, among them some fine of- 
ferings by Sisters Catherine and Tina 
Bauer. Summit has a "yell," pat- 
terned after those used by college 
boys at a football game, and this was 
given at the opening of the closing 
of the program. It went over big. 

There was a surprise number on 
the program and it, too, went over 
big. Only four of those present were 
in on the idea. Suddenly the lights 
were cut off and a shot rang out. 
When the lights came back on there, 
on the floor, was one of the younger 
Brothers, apparently dead. Mystery 
—deep, dark, dank mystery! The 
investigation was at once begun by 
our Secretary, who is a member of 
the Loyal League of Police, and it 
developed that the young man who 
was shot had been making eyes at 
one of the charming sisters, and her 
confession, after considerable ques- 
tioning, convicted the Assistant Stew- 
art of Bennett's Branch Grange. But 
not quite, for just as he was being 
accused of the crime of murder the 
"dead" came back to life. It was a 
scream, and worked out tine. 

We can say to our sister Granges 
that there is nothing in Grange ac- 
tivities that can stir up more interest 
than a movement that will keep 
Granges in such close touch, and vis- 
iting each other, and we can recom- 
mend either the Traveling Gavel, or 
better yet, the Traveling Journal, to 
any county or district where Grange 
interest seems to be on the wane. 

One Who Was There, 
Albkrt G. Brehm, Secij. 



PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY 

DO YOU WANT PAINT ? 

THE INGERSOLL WAY OF DOING BUSINESS 
PPOM FAC3;0RY 



OVER THE HEADS 
OF THE MIDDLEMEN 



TO CONSUMER 




Summit Grange 1155 has again un- 
dertaken an extensive program for 
the summer months. Last year this 
Grange originated a Traveling Gavel, 
which created more interest in Local 
Grange work than any movement be- 
fore, or since. So great was the in- 
terest that was shown by the Granges 
of Elk County that the open season 
will again be utilized by Summit, but 
a new wrinkle has been added this 
year to make the work even more 
efficacious. Instead of a gavel the 
Traveling Journal will be used. This 
is a bound blank book, large enough 
to contain a detailed story of its trav- 
elings through the County. 

Under the plan evolved by the Sum- 
mit officers, the Journal travels from 
one Grange to another. Thus, Sum- 
mit took it to Bennett's Branch 
Grange and presented a program. The 
lecturer of the presenting Grange 
keeps the minutes of the meeting and 
under Good of the Order the Master 
presents it to the Master of the 
Grange which is being visited. The 
program of the visiting Grange is 
carried into the Journal by the Lec- 
turer of the receiving Grange, the 
idea being that the presenting Lec- 
turer cannot give the wrong impres- 
sion of the program his Grange is 
presenting. Every one present is 
asked to write his or her name in the 
book as a permanent record. 

The Traveling Journal was pre- 
sented to Bennett's Branch Grange 
on Thursday evening. May 21st, and 
about forty members of Summit 
Grange accompanied it on its initial 
trip. Bennett's Branch Grange will 
present it to Kersey Grange the lat- 
ter part of June. 

The program which summit put on 
at the time the Journal was presented 
was unique in several respects. One 
of the numbers consisted of the read- 
ing of an original poem, written by 
an officer of Summit Grange, accom- 
panied by music. It was ably pre- 



i4w -■•■' 

.,»^.<r «»..or« f« Ai I Kfmm "»-- l^fceCST POSSIBLE QUAUn 

iSSU i£m To^^L^ EXPENSES AND PROFITS. ,sJr'iowe5TPo«..u m^ 

LET US SEND YOU— FREE— the INGERSOLL PAINT BOOK— All about Paint and 
Painting— HOW to secure BEST RESULTS at LOWEST COST by using 

INGERSOLL PAINTS 

Officially Endorsed by the National Grange in 1874 
and in continuous use by Members of the Order ever since. 

Buy Direct, Save Middlemen's Profit 

In buying INGERSOLL PAINT— DIRECT from us, the manufacturer, in accordance vith 
Article 4, Declaration of Purposes, P. of H., you pay only the FACTORY PRICE for the 
BEST QUALITY FAINT, that will give you l6nG YEARS OF SERVICE, |t a SAVING of 
fl.OO to 11.60 a gallon on Store Prices for good paint. WE GUARANTEE SATlsrAOTiUM. 

The Jobber, Dealer or Mail-Order Store may oflfer you a paint at our price, but— THEY 
CANNOT GIVE YOU OUR QUALITY of paint at OUR LOW FACTORY PRICE, because- 
they MUST ADD to the Factory Price enough to cover the expensive cost of their selling 
methods, overhead charges, distribution expenses and Middlemen's profits, which you pay 
for, but receive NO RETURN in Paint Value. 



I 



We Can Save You Half Your 



Bills 



because our Factory Price for BEST QUALITY means a BIG SAVING on the cost of other 
good paints and is generally LESS than the Retail Price of low-grade paints, and becauie 
INGERSOLL PAINTS will give you TWICE the service. Dealers and Mail-Order Storei 

- • " ^»-.^-T-^ ^y QUALITY. Any apparent 

LOST MANY TIMES OVER 

Don't waste money. INGERSOLL PAINTS 

We can refer you to Customers in your 



can'offw'youlow'prrce'paint's^dNLY AT THE EXPENSE OF QUALITY. Anyapparent 
ring in first cost by using cheap paints sold at Retail will be 



savl 



FREE LIBRARY AT KIEBY 

IS GRANGE WORK 

What is believed the only free pub- 
lie library in Greene County has been 
established at Kirby under auspices of 
the Whiteley Township Grange, No. 
192.5. 

Headquarters have been located in 
the Kirby postoffice where the Rev. M. 
L. Husted, pastor of the Kirby Meth- 
odist Episcopal church, will be in 
charge each Tuesday and Friday 
afternoons from 2 to 5 p. m. 

Books for the library are being fur- 
nished by the extension division of the 
Pennsylvania State Library and cover 
a wide variety of subject-matter. At 
the end of six months, or sooner, the 
present set of books will be returned 
to Harrisburg and an entirely new set 
sent in their place. 

The library has been established for 
the use of any responsible person in 
Whiteley township, books being avail- 
able for one week without charge 
whatever to the borrower. The only 
requisite necessary to obtaining a 
book is an agreement on the part of 
the borrower to use it properly and 
return the book on the time specified. 
A fine of two cents per day will be 
imposed for delayed returns. 

THE FARMER'S VIEWPOINT 

An old farmer was complaining bit- 
terly to his minister of the terribly 
bad weather for his crops, when the 
latter reminded him he had much to 
be thankful for just the same. "And 
remember," said the good man, "Prov- 
idence cares for all. Even the birds 
of the air are fed each day." "Yes," 
answered the farmer unappeased, "off 
my corn " 



in the expense of FREQUENT REPAINTING 

have been in general use OVER 50 YEARS. 

neighborhood. ■ 

•••The EDITOR of this paper recommends INGERSOLL PAINTS. | 

SEND FOR INGERSOLL PAINT BOOK. FREE to YOU. It will show you how easy it 

is to buy GUARANTEED INGERSOLL PAINT— DIRECT from FACTORY— and SAVE 

MONEY. "WRITE TO-DAY for Sample Color Cards, Factory Prices and Prepaid Freight j 

Offer. 

PATRONS' PAINT WORKS, Inc. 

The Oldest Ready-Mixed Paint Factory in America. Established 1842. 
234 PLYMOUTH STREET, BROOKLYN, NEW YORK 



Win $3i700fifi 

or Buick Sedan and $l,S00.00 Cash 




Can You Find 5 Faces 

«^ • « ••• •_«•___ * l_ __*_ A__fA.1 1M_ ^: _ f -._ _1 ' 1-J L —AM « 






People who were riding in the auto above got out of the car. Their faces are shown in odd places al*^ 
the picture. Some faces are upside down, others look sideways, some look straight at you. If you c» 
pick out 5 or more faces, mark them, clip the picture and send to me together with your name sw 
address. Sharp eyes will find them. Can you? ^ 

Wc are giving more than $12,900 in 103 prizes, in a great new plan of advertising our business. A* 
thoutands of dollars In cash rewards. In a former campaign Mr. C. H. Essig, a farmer of Aris« 
Ind., won $3,500; Mrs. Edna Ziler of Ky. won $1,950. Many others won big cash prizes. Now a betw 
campaign than ever with more prizes. In our new campaign somaono wins $3,700 — why not JT*" 
^%^^^ ^ #•% jj If you send your answer now, 

SI^VVbH ■ OmM.a W^ ^"<^ ^^^<^ °" active part, you 
^■^^'^^^^ ^ ^^^^••^ are sure to get a cash reward. 

You may win new Buick 8 Sport Sedan delivered by your nearest dealer, 
and $2,500 — or $3,700 if you prefer all cash. Duplicate prizes will be 
given in case of ties. No matter where you live, if you want to win 
$3,700 first prize money, send answer today for details. Can you find 
5 faces in the picture? 



$i,ooo Extra 
for Promptiu0 

If you are prompt I'fl t^ 
you $ 1 .000 extra if you «* 
first prize. Sand no nioiW' 



j> 



A good character, when established, 
should not be rested in as an end, 
but employed as a means of doing 
still further good. — Atterhury. 



mas o«. |.'a a.«;>\>* ^^^mwwm ■■'»--- 

w - ^ It doesn't require a pe«>w 

THOMAS LBB, Mgr.,4a7 Randolph Sf .•DcpC.V400t ChieagO,ni, of yoiu- money to win. 



Take Care of Heifers. — Take a 
look at the heifers out on pasture. 
They may be short of water or feed 
or both. It pays to keep the young 
stock growing. 



Give Flowers Good Care. — Chrys- 
anthemums require much care no^- 
Keep the plants well watered and fe^ 
tilized. When the buds begin to ap- 
pear do not apply any more fertilized* 



The Overseer's Activities 



'J'he Worthy Overseer of the State 
Grange, reports increased activity in 
Grange affairs. He attended a large 
gathering of Grange folks at his home 
Grange on April 23, when the Fleet- 
wood Grange was the host to a large 
delegation of Gouglersville Grange. 
The Gouglersville Degree ieam 
headed by Bro. C. Paul Lied, Master 
of Gouglersville Grange, conferred 
the 3d and 4th degrees on a class of 
candidates for Fleetwood Grange. 
Bro Chas. Wengert, a Past Master, 
^erved as Asst. Steward and the work 
was very impressive throughout. The 
tableaux added much to the splendid 
work of the Gouglersville Patrons. 

After the conferring of degrees, 
short addresses were made by several 
of the Gouglersville and Fleetwood 
Patrons, after which refreshments 
were served. 

Bro. Geo. J. Schaeffer, Master of 
Kutztown Grange, has informed me 
that on April 16th they added sixteen 
new members. The degree work was 
put on by the Kutztown Degree Team 
headed by Bro. Schaeffer. The tab- 
leaus were shown in connection with 
this work and are always of a high 
order. A large delegation of Schuyl- 
kill County Patrons representing 
Freidensburg Grange attended this 
meeting. It will be recalled by many 
who attended the last meeting of 
State Grange at Pottsville that Fried- 
ensburg Grange was awarded a silver 
cup by the State Master for having 
made the greatest gain in membership 
of any, subordinate Grange in the 
State. Bro. A. T. Kiegel is the Mas- 
ter of this thriving subordinate and 
is measuring up to the full sense of 
the word. Timely remarks on Grange 
work were made by Bro. Riegel, Bro. 
Geo. Ruth, Berks Pomona Grange 
Master, and other visiting patrons. 
After refreshments were served the 



Patrons departed for their homes aft- 
er having attended very successful 
Grange meetings at both Kutztown 
and Fleetwood. 

On Monday evening May 11th a 
meeting of Berks Grange Masters and 
Reading Fair Officials was held in the 
fair office. The purpose of this meet- 
ing was to make arrangements for 
Farmers' and Granges' Day which 
will be held on Friday, Sept. 18th. 
Twenty Patrons attended representing 
eleven Granges. There will be fourteen 
Grange exhibits at the fair. Eleven 
Subordinate Grange and three Ju- 
venile Grange exhibits. A commit- 
tee of six Patrons was appointed by 
Pomona Master Ruth to make the 
necessary arrangements for the plac- 
ing of these exhibits. The premiums 
paid range from $110 to $75. It was 
decided to have a one-act play elimi- 
nating contest, the winner to repre- 
sent the county at the State Farm 
Products Show next year. The horse 
shoe pitching contest will again be a 
big attraction and arrangements are 
also being made to have a mule race, 
which was a great success last year. 
In addition there will be exhibits of 
the various 4-H Clubs of the county 
which include 4 dairy calf clubs, a pig 
club, celery, strawberry and other club 
activities. A big feature of the day 
will be the livestock parade in front of 
the grandstand by the 4-H clubs 
which are being sponsored by the dif- 
ferent Granges. From all indications 
this is going to be the biggest Grange 
affair ever staged in Berks County. 
The Patrons of Berks County have 
always given the fair management 
splendid support resulting in a better 
and cleaner fair, a more wholesome 
community life and a more satisfied 
Berks County agriculture. 
Fraternally yours, 

Geo. W. Schuler. 



50,000 SCHOOL BUSSES 

For those who find school taxes high, 
figures recently compiled by the Fed- 
eral Office of Education are worth 
consideration. The table shows that 
out of the nation's school budget last 
year $40,000,000 was spent for trans- 
portation of children to and from 
school. Approximately 2,000,000 chil- 
dren were carried from their homes 
to the classrooms in 50,000 regularly 
scheduled school busses. One in every 
thirteen school children had this 
.service. 

Thus has American education pro- 
gressed. Bigger, better school build- 
ings, better qualified teachers, better 
«quipment, bus transportation. All 
cost money. All must be paid for by 
taxation. It is foolish to sav that we 
do not need good schools. But in 
building and maintaining them Amer- 
icans must realize that they have to 
foot the bill. When school taxes — or 
any other taxes, for that matter — 
seem high, there is a good reason. 



AS OTHERS SEE US 

The Grange is not a religious or- 
ganization in the sense that the word 
religion is used. And yet in the mat- 
ter of Divine Providence bringing out 
from earth's treasure house its vast 
stores of food for the satisfying of the 
hunger of all living, the Grange does 
recognize this very important phase 
of religion. The open Bible on the 
Altar, the beautiful and impressive 
Irayers, voiced by the Chaplain at 
opening and closing, the many devo- 
tional references in the Ritual to Al- 
mighty God and in fact the whole 
body of Grange teachings make it es- 



sentially religious. It is not religion 
in the sense of setting forth teachings 
of doctrines about which the Christian 
world differs, but only in the place of 
agriculture fills in the scheme of the 
Creator and the Earth the work of 
His hands. Members of any and all 
churches can meet in the Grange in 
the most complete harmony, and few 
normal people who are not church 
members could be found who would 
object to our recognition of Divine 
Providence. Of course an out-and- 
out atheist might, especially if the 
Russian views of such matters were 
agreed to. According to news dis- 
patches Russia as a nation is doing 
away with the various institutions of 
Christian civilization. 

The day of rest, commonly called 
Sunday, Thanksgiving Day and 
Christmas, has been dictated out of 
Russian life by order of the Com- 
munistic Soviet rulers. Being a na- 
tion of farmers it will be interesting 
to note the result of their efforts to 
make it appear as though religion had 
no place in human life and affairs. 
We can easily imagine the feelings of 
Russian childhood as Santa Claus 
passes out of their lives, and they are, 
in his place, supplied with the dead 
materialism of the atheist. — Prosser 
Record BuUeAin. 



^. 



4S^ 



Promote Growth. — Leafy vege- 
tables, such as lettuce, spinach, kale, 
cabbage, endive, and Swiss chard will 
grow much more rapidly with top 
dressings of nitrate of soda. Before 
cultivating, sprinkle the fertilizer on 
the soil at the rate of 250 pounds an 
acre or about one pound to 50 feet of 
row. 







HIS TELEPHONE GETS HIM 
THE BEST LIVESTOCK PRICES 



By telephoning to keep in touch with livestock 
prices in his vicinity, a farmer living near La Rue, 
Ohio, disposes of his lambs, sheep and cattle with 
the greatest possible profit and convenience. When- 
ever he has livestock to sell, he calls the local man- 
ager of the co-operative association in a nearby town 
and gets all the latest marketing information. On 
one recent occasion, he telephoned in the morning 
. . . found that the price was good, and that a 
shipment was being made that day. By afternoon he 
had delivered his livestock, made the sale and 
deposited the check in his bank. 

The telephone is also proving more and more help- 
ful in promoting profitable sales of grain, fruit and 
vegetables through co-operative associations or local 
markets. It is invaluable in keeping up friendly con- 
tacts, making social engagements and summoning 
help in times of accident or sickness. And it is a 
most convenient means of ordering farm and house- 
hold supplies whenever they are needed in a hurry. 
The modern farm home has a telephone that serves 
well, rain or shine. 





CIDER PRESSES 

A Size for Every Need 

The prospects for a bumper apple crop 
are most assuring. Only the choice fruit will 
be marketed. The culls and windfalls will 
be converted into money by pressing the 
cider out of them. Cider Press Operators 
will make good money. Farquhar Cider , 

Presses are built in sizes suitable for Roadside Marketing, the Indi- 
vidual Orchardist and Custom Pressing. Illustrated Bulletin No. 126 
will be mailed free. Buy now at Factory Prices. 

A. B. FARQUHAR CO., Limited Box 163 York, Pa. 




PENNSYLVANIA LEADS IN 

HERD IMPROVEMENT 

With 70 active bull associations 
Pennsylvania leads all the states in 
this type of dairy improvement work, 
according to the United States 
Bureau of Dairy Industry Shows. 

Twenty-eight states have 359 asso- 
ciations. Texas is second with 57 



groups. Other leading states are 
Louisiana with 52; Oklahoma, 37; 
Missouri, 34; Idaho, 21, and Utah, 15. | Patronize our advertisers. 



Organized by farmers, aided by 
dairy extension specialists, the asso- 
ciations jointly own, use, and ex- 
change purebred sires. Each associa- 
tion consists of three blocks of one or 
more members. A sire is assigned to 
each block and the bulls are exchanged 
every two years. Under the plan each 
dairyman has the use of excellent sires 
for a period of years at only a small 
part of the purchase price. 



TIGHT BINDING TEXT GUT OFF 



Page 6 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



June, 1931 



June, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 7 



m 



m 



The Lecturers Corner 

By Howard G. Eisamariy State Lecturer 



m 



GREAT 0BAN6E GATHERING 

ALL ROADS IN PENNSYL- 
VANIA WILL LEAD TO THE 
MIDDLE ATLANTIC GRANGE 
CONFERENCE IN AUGUST. 

GREAT numbers of Grange Pa- 
trons from New York, New 
Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, 
Virginia, West Virginia and Penn- 
sylvania will gather at the University 
of Maryland on August 11, 12, 13, 
and 14 for the 5th annual session of 
the Middle Atlantic Grange Lectur- 
er's Conference. Every indication 
points to the largest and best confer- 
ence yet staged by the Middle Atlan- 
tic group. Officials at the University 
of Maryland and the officials of the 
Maryland State Grange are making 
elaborate preparations for the enter- 
tainment and comfort of the delegates 
and visitors. Delegates will be housed 
in the spacious and comfortable Uni- 
versity Dormitories; and, attractive, 
well prepared and nourishing meals 
will be served in the very pleasant 
and inviting University dining hall. 
The beautiful University Campus, 
which overlooks the famous Balti- 
more-Washington Pike, is located 
only eight miles distance from the 
National Capitol. This fact will have 
a strong appeal to all Grange folks 
who have longingly looked forward 
to the time when they might visit 
Washington as well as the many his- 
toric spots in and around that city. 
Probably never again will the Patrons 
have an opportunity to visit the Na- 
tional Capitol at so small a cost. 
Registration fee to the conference is 
only one dollar. Cost of room and 
board starting for supper on Tuesday 
evening, August 11th and continuing 
until Saturday morning, August 14th 



FRIDAY. AUGUST 14 
Leonard H. Norcross, Presiding 

8 : 45— Devotional Exercises and Song Service wnit«r H Whiton 

9 . 00— "Planning the Subordinate Grange Program" r • 'R^' ^" ^^^fT^o " 

9 ;45-"The Grange Lecturers' Opportunity In Assisting in the Cooperative 

Marketing Plan" • • . ;, ^- ^- 5° Bui-ul 

10 : 30— "Salesmanship in Rural Organizatlona ..................••••• •2;: **' **"">■• 

11 . i5_"0pen Forum Discussion of Lecturers' Problems". KHrnh«th T.. Art 




Elizabeth L. Arthur, Leader 



(rooms may be retained until the fol- 
lowing Monday morning), will be 
only $8.00. 

It is almost unbelievable, isn't it? 
Under such circumstances and at such 
prices, what Grange member can af- 
ford not to take a vacation in August ? 
Ample opportunity will be provided 
for directed sightseeing tours to 
places of interest, viz. : Capitol, White 
House, Congressional Library, Arling- 
ton, Mt. Vernon, Annapolis, Beltzville 
Farms, Lincoln Memorial, New Na- 
tional Museum, Smithsonian Insti- 
tute, Government Printing Office, 
U. S. Treasury, Zoological Park and 
many other places of interest and his- 
toric value. Wednesday, August 12th 
has been designated as "Maryland 
State Grange Day," by the Executive 
Committee of the Maryland State 
Grange. This will be a gala day for 
the Maryland Grange folks and every 
effort is being made to have all Mary- 
land Grange members at the Confer- 
ence on this day. Thursday and 
Friday afternoons will be devoted to 
directed sightseeing tours. Thursday 
evening's supper will be served to the 
delegates (with no additional cost), 
in the Washington Zoological Park; 
following supper, a great open air 
Grange meeting will be held. 

Diversified and Interesting Program 

While the conference program has 
been designed primarily in the inter- 
est and for the benefit of the Grange 
Lecturers, yet it is so general in its 
make-up, and covers such a wide scope 
of Grange and rural service, that it 
will appeal to all Grange Officers and 
members who are interested in pro- 
moting a higher standard of life 
among rural people. The tentative 
program outline as will be presented 
is as follows: 



Afternoon Session 
Conducted Tours to Places of Interest, viz. : Mt. Vernon. Beltzville Experimental 

Farms. Annapolis Naval Academy 

Evening Session 
Dr. Walter H. Whiton, Presiding 

I ; llz:oll\T'.Sy!^^r.,".lnX< :: : : : : : : : ■ : -i^^^j^^^"' ^^ 

Greetings from State Masters of Delaware and West Virginia. 
One Act Play. ^'T^e Mayor and the Manicure^. ..^.^. .^^ .^.^.^. -^ 

fireetlnifs from the State Masters of New York and Virginia. 

6nf Act Play ''She 'n Her Daughter" Presented by Pennsylvania Players 

Greetings from the State Master of New Jersey. 

Rook°^Sa^eB'DSartment will be conducted throughout the entire conference 
Books of especISlval^e and interest to Grange Lecturers and leaders will 
be on display. 

Correction 
We wish to correct the statement 
as of the May issue of Grange News 
relative to the organization and elec- 
tion of officers of the Pomona Grange 
Lecturers' Association. Walker Shan- 
non, Lehturer of Beaver County Po- 
mona Grange, New Sheffield, Pa., was 
elected President of Lecturers* Asso 
ciation. 



OPENING SESSION 

Tuesday Evbmino, August 11 

Mrs. T. Roy Brooks, Presiding < 

7 : 30 — R«ception of Delegates 

Greetings Dr. R. A. Pearson. President. University of Maryland 

Greetings Senator A. B. Bnsor. Master Maryland State Grange 

Response Howard G. Eisaman, President. 

Middle Atlantic Grange Lecturers' Conference 

"Orange I..ecturer and the National Grange Program" L.. J. Taber. 

Master. National Orange 
General Get-together. 

WEDNE^SDAY. AUGUST 12 
Maryland State Grange Day 

Morning Session 
Howard G. Eisaman, Presiding 

8 : 46 — Devotion Exercises and Song Service 

9 : 00 — "Materials Essential to the Successful Conduct of the Grange Lecturer's 

OfBce" Elizabeth L. Arthur 

9 : 80 — "Developing tbo Rural Organization" A. H. Rapklng 

10 : 30 — "Personality" J. W. Sprowls 

11 : 00 — "Indoor Stunts" Betty Eckhart 

11:30 — "Requisites of Successful Public Speaking" Esther W. Bell 

Afternoon Session 

A. Bailey Thomas, Presiding 
1 : 30 — Song Service 

1 : 46 — '"Grange Ideals" E. B. Dorsett 

2 : 30 — Group Sessions. The following subjects will be offered : Music. Story Telling, 

Recreational Games. Public Speaking. 
4 : 30 — Inspection of College Campus and Farm. 

EvxNiNG Session 
Walter C. Gumbel, Presiding 



The request is made that every 
Grange in the Middle Atlantic area 
shall send their Lecturer as a delegate 
to this conference. A local social or 
two, sponsored by the Grange will 
raise funds enough to pay all of the 
expenses of your delegate. This should 
prove a good investment to any 
Grange, as it will result in better 
Grange programs and more interest- 
ing Grange meetings. Travel expense 
can be held to a low figure if dele- 
gates from several different Granges 
will arrange to travel together by 
automobile. College Park, Maryland, 
can be reached by auto in one day's 
drive from any point in Pennsylvania. 
From Pittsburgh, College Park is 260 
miles, from Harrisburg it is 116 miles, 
Bedford, 146 miles, Uniontown, 208 
miles, Gettysburg, 85 miles, Erie, 372 
miles, Philadelphia, 140 miles, Read- 
ing, 170 miles, Scranton, 283 miles. 
Who can afford to miss this? Regis- 
trations started to come in more than 
six weeks ago — All right, keep them 
coming. All Pennsylvania Patrons 
will send their registration and regis- 
tration fee to Howard G. Eisaman, 
State Lecturer, East Springfield, Pa. 



BILL WAS BAD COMPAinr 

Mother: Dick, stop using such 
dreadful language. 

Dick: But Shakespeare used it. 

Mother: Then don't run around 
with him. He's not a fit companion 
for you. 

STOP DAHLIA STTCKEES — ^Dahlias 
frequently send up shoots from their 
roots. These should be pinched off at 
the ground line to throw all the strength 
into the main stalk. 



I 



Excellent solid colored, registered 
Jersey Bull calf, 4 months old, from 
a great cow, at a bargain. Herd ac- 
credited. W. F. McSparran, Furniss, 
Pa. 



7 : 30 — Song Service 

7 : 46 — Demonstration Program 

9 : 00 — "Summary of Day's Events" 



.Under direction of Potomac Grange, No. 1 

Dr. Robt. G. Foster 



• •••••• 



• • • • 



THURSDAY. AUGUST 13 

Elizabeth L. Arthur. Presiding 

8 : 46 — Devotional Exercises and Song Service 

9:00 — "Essential Requisites of Successful Grange Leadership" Howard G. Eisaman 

9:30 — "Objectives In Rural Conununity Development" B. L. Hummel 

10 : 16 — "Fundamentals of Group Psychology" J. W. Sprowls 

10 : 46 — "Outdoor Games and Stunts" . . ^ ^ . i .« Betty Eckhart 

11:16 — "Books as an Indispensable Aid to Lecturer^" Anna A. MacDonald 

Afternoon Srbsion 
Conducted Tour Through Washington, D. C. 

E^VENINO Session 
Outdoor Meeting at the Washington Zodlogical Park 



Pennsylvania State Grange 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY 

PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 

Grange Seals $5 . 00 

Digest 60 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, per set of 9 3 . 00 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, single copy 40 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 4 .00 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 3 . 26 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy 38 

Constitution and By-Laws 10 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony 10 

Song Books, ' ' The Patron, ' ' board covers, cloth, single copy or less than 

half dozen M 

per dozen 6 . 00 

per half dozen 3 . 00 

Dues Account Book 75 

Secretary 's Record Book 70 

Treasurer 's Account Book 70 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange to Pomona, per hundred 1.00 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 25 85 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 100 3 .25 

Roll Book 78 

Application Blanks, per hundred 50 

Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred M 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty 25 

Notice of Arrearage, per hundred 40 

Notice of Suspension, per hundred 40 

Secretary 's Receipts, per hundred 45 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred 40 

Treasurer 's Receipts 40 

Trade Cards, per hundred 50 

Demit Cards, each 01 

Withdrawal Cards, each 01 

Better Degree Work, by S. H. Holland 2 .00 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer Whitehead) 10 

Book of Patriotic Plays, Tableaux and Recitations 85 

Humorous Recitations, Poetry and Prose 35 

A Brief History of the Grange Movement in Pennsylvania, by W. F. Hill . . .80 
Grange Hall Plans 80 

In ordering any of the above supplies, the cash must always accompany th« 
order. The Secretary is not authorized to open accounts. 

Remittances should be made by Postal Money Orders, Checks, or Registered 
Letter. Orders for supplies must bear the Seal of the Grange for which ordered. 

By order of Ezeeutive Committeo, 

John H. Light, Secretary, 
Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



Lines from Lloyd 



Your business manager is again 
obliged to express regret that condi- 
tions throughout the country are not 
of a character stimulating the urge 
to advertise. Those who frequently 
use our June issue in former years 
are holding back and the outlook is 
not very promising until the summer 
season passes and trade brightens. 

I thought it might interest some 
Grange News readers to learn what 
a couple advertisers have said when 
solicited for business or for a sug- 
gestion to take larger space. Here is 

one: 

"We are in receipt of your letter request- 
ing that we talie an advertisement in Grange 
News and we sincerely wish we could — 
not only because it is not easy to refuse, 
but in many instances it will give us real 
pleasure to be represented. If we had only 
your request or only a few, we could pro- 
vide for them easily, but we receive hun- 
dreds of proposals such as yours from all 
over the country, and if we complied to all. 
it would involve an expenditure that would 
be truly prohibitive." 

Here is the response of another to 

whom we had suggested the taking of 

a large space and change of wording: 

"I am glad to see that you have a vital 
interest in the success of our advertising in 
Grange News, but, of course, you are aware 
that things all over the country are pretty 
near at a stand-still, owing to crop failures 
and general dull time ; and wo are afraid 
that money spent in advertising is money 
thrown away." 

I was curious to know what the re- 
sult was by another advertiser, and 
this is what he tells me: 

"As we did not key these ads, we have no 
way of checking up on results. We get 
quite a number of orders from Pennsylvania, 
and no doubt many of them result from the 
ad in the Grange News." 

Among the new ads. appearing in 
our June issue is that of the Collings 
Amusement Service, and it occurred 
to me that this firm might be in a 
position to assist in some of our out- 
door functions, picnic speaking, Lec- 
turers' Conferences, etc. Again the 
Pennsylvania Flag Company may be 
able to find some business among our 
Patrons. 

Then, please don't forget to read 
what the Greenland Fur Farm has to 
say, as it may appeal to you. 

You may also obtain something you 
want by learning what all our ad- 
vertisers have to say in our Classified 
Department. 

And the Farm Supplies All 
I wonder how many readers of 
Grange News have any knowledge of 
the amount of food consumed in one 
of these large hotels in our big cities ? 
The subject of "eats," if I may be 
permitted to use this expression, ap- 
peals to the average man and woman; 
and as all of this food comes from the 
farm in one shape or other, our 
Grange folks will naturally be inter- 
ested in a few statistics which I hope 
will not be wearisome. 

For instance, one of New England's 
leading hotels alone uses each year 441 
tons of perishable farm products, made 
up in this manner: beef, 181,454 
pounds ; lamb, 64,038 pounds ; veal 42,- 
672 pounds; pork, 101,084 pounds; 
poultry, 216,940 pounds. When we say 
eggs, 1,177,980 are either used in mak- 
ing desserts, etc., or served at meals 
in other ways; the dairy farmer sup- 
plies 104,806 pounds of butter, 31,438 
gallons of cream, and 47,739 gallons 
of milk. Speaking of piultry, 215,421 
pounds help to swell the bill of fare 
in the shape of chickens, turkeys, 
ducks and geese. 

Not only do farm products figure 
largely in these big hotels, but the 
giant de luxe steamships which plow 
^e deep between New York and Great 
Isritain, draw heavily from the same 
source, as the following will testify 

II you peep in the refrigerator of the 



"Mauretania" : Here we will find 19,- 
112 fowls, 80 tons of meat, 239,548 
eggs, 1,440 gallons of milk, 15 tons of 
ham and bacon 4,807 pounds of po- 
tatoes, 12,561 pounds of butter, 5,139 
pounds of cheese, 9,450 quarts of ice 
cream, etc., to say nothing of apples, 
fresh fish, sugar, oranges, pineapples, 
and numerous delicacies not men- 
tioned. 

Some of our famous hotels feed 
from 3,000 to 6,000 guests per day, 
while a large steamship carries a crew 
numbering a thousand and more to 
look after the comfort of several thou- 
sand passengers, as well as to assist in 
guiding the floating monster to its 
destination. 



FIRST SHIPPER OF CHICXS 

STILL ACTIVE POULTRYMAN 

It falls to the lot of few men to see 
the development of the industries 
which they started. Joseph D. Wil- 
son, founder and owner of Pine Tree 
Hatchery, at Stockton, N. J., has seen 
his most daring dreams come true. 

Forty years ago Wilson dreamed of 
baby chicks traveling about the coun- 
try on fast railway expresses. Today 
that dream is a splendid reality. 
Probably one hundred million chicks 
will travel by parcel post this spring. 
Wilson's own hatchery will contribute 
a million or more chicks to this travel- 
ing host of downy creatures. 

Wilson was quite a young man when 
artificial incubation first began to at- 
tract attention in New Jersey. Some- 
how, he acquired a little homemade 
machine and managed to take off a 
fair hatch of chicks in spite of his 
inexperience. 

Being of an inventive turn, Wil- 
son's primary interest was in the me- 
chanical principles underlying incuba- 
tion. After considerable study and 
making rough designs on paper he 
ventured to build a couple of small 
lamp-heated machines. 

These proved to be excellent hatch- 
ers. Wilson then began to hatch 
chicks in earnest and to sell them to 
all who could be persuaded to take a 
chance on raising chicks which had 
never seen a mother hen. 

There was a good deal of excitement 
in New Jersey at this time. At first 
people derided the notion of hatching 
chicks by machinery. As the healthy 
little fellows continued to appear in 
increasing numbers derision changed 
to wonder. 

The more far-seeing began to real- 
ize that the very foundations of poul- 
try-keeping were being put on a new 
basis. 

Wilson was elated with his success 
but not yet satisfied. Automobiles 
were then unknown. A horse could 
travel only about thirty miles in a 
day. So his market was limited to 
his immediate neighborhood. Some 
way must be found to broaden it if 
he was to continue to hatch chickens 
on a commercial scale. 

Pondering this problem, young Wil- 
son determined to try a daring ex- 
periment. He arranged with a friend 
living in Chicago to cooperate with 
him. Then, one spring day in 1892, 
he carefully packed a few score chicks 
in a ventilated box and entrusted his 
precious package to the care of the 
express company. 

Impatiently he waited as the days 
crawled by. One morning the mail 
brought a letter postmark^ Chicago. 
Opening it, he found clippings from 
the Chicago papers, telling of the safe 
arrival of his New Jersey chicks. 

This was the beginning of the baby- 
chick business in its modern form. 
The coming of the parcel post greatly 
widened the possibilities for shipping 
baby chicks. The route was opened 
from the hatchery to the distant farm 
on the rural route. 



Grange Insurance 

Service is duty performed for oth- 
ers. In its highest sense it consists of 
an earnest desire to be of real help to 
those with whom we daily come in 
contact. With these high ideals in 
view our Grange Life Insurance Com- 
pany was founded sixteen years ago 
and from them we have never wav- 
ered. The high rating accorded The 
Farmers and Traders and the proud 
position that it has attained in the 
life insurance world fully attests the 
soundness of these principles on which 
it was founded. Coupled with this 
earnest desire to serve well the insur- 
ing public, is the idea of friendliness. 
We are proud of the fact that the 
Farmers and Traders is everywhere 
known as the "Friendly Company" 
and in the last analysis can higher 
praise be accorded any organization 
than that it serves with fidelity those 
whom it obligates itself to serve? 

Production During 1931 

1931 business has thus far been very 
satisfactory and in excess of that of 
last year to date. We are optimistic 
over the outlook for increased produc- 
tion during the remaining months of 
the year. 

Common Questions and the Answers 

Every right minded man is con- 
fronted with the following questions: 

1. How can I build an estate cer- 
tain? 

2. How can I protect those depend- 
ent on me for financial support? 

3. How can I avoid a dependent old 

age? 

4. How can I protect myself against 
permanent disability? 

5. How can I relieve my mind from 
anxiety for the future of my loved 
ones and from fear for myself of 



physical and financial decrepitude and 
dependent old age? 

The answers to these questions can 
be given by agents of the Farmers and 
Traders Life Insurance Company. 

What Is the Cost? 



There is no cost. 

You simply make a deposit once a 
year to your credit and the absolute 
assurance is given you in a plain 
spoken contract free from ambiguity, 
which you alone can abandon or re- 
voke. It is a legal reserve life insur- 
ance contract and that naean^ an 
agreement which cannot fail of per- 
formance if you do not yourself re- 
voke or abandon it. 

Link Up With a Progressive . 
Company 

No other line of human endeavor 
offers greater opportunities than does 
the life insurance business both from 
the standpoint of service and financial 
reward. Our standards are high. If 
you desire to enter the life insurance 
business and are actuated by high 
ideals of service, there is a contract 
and open territory awaiting you. 
Write direct to The Farmers and 
Traders Life Insurance Company, 
Syracuse, N. Y., for full information 
regarding our liberal agency con- 
tracts. 



WILLING 

The bargaining for a cow had been 
going on leisurely for an hour. Fi- 
nally the prospective purchaser came 
flatly to the point. 

"How much milk does she give ?" he 
asked. 

"I don't rightly know," answered 
the farmer who owned her, "but she's 
a good-natured critter and she'll give 
all she can." 




FARQUHAR 

"All-Steel" Threshers 

22x36 — 28x48 

Our ** All-Steel" Threshers are strong yet light in weight; 
thresh clean out of the heads, separate clean from the straw, 
clean the grain thoroughly for seed or market and best of all — 
save the grain. 

These threshers are easy running, quickly moved over rough 
and hilly roads and guaranteed to do a fast, clean job of thresh- 
ing any kind of grain. 

These new "All-Steel" Threshers contain every worth-while 
advancement suggested by the experience of thousands of suc- 
cessful threshermen. 

Now is the time to plan for the threshing season; convince 
yourself of the earning power of a Farquhar "All-Steel" Thresher 
and the profits awaiting you in your community by threshing — 
especially the big oats crop. Write for complete description 
and factory price. 

A. B* FARQUHAR CO*, Limited, Box 563, York, Pa. 



Page 8 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



June, 1931 



June, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 9 



Pennsylvania Qrange News 



Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 

Rooms 426-30. Tcletfraph Building 
216 Locust St. Harrisburg. Pa. 



5 cents a copy. 



50 cents a year. 



Vol. XXVIII 



June, 1931 



No. 3 



Board of Managers 

E. B. DORSETT, President 

S. A. HARSHAW H. D. ALLEBACH KENZIE BAGSHAW 

Editor, JOHN H. LIGHT, Harrisburg, Pa. 
to whom should be addressed all matters relating to news contributions, photographs, etc. 

Associate Editors 

HANNAH McK. LYONS, ^ H. G. EISAMAN, 

Lincoln University, Pa. East Springfield, Pa. 

MORRIS LLOYD, Business Manager, 

Chambersburg, Pa., or, 216 Locust St., Harrisburg, Pa. 

to whom all matters relative to advertising, mailing list, pattern orders should be addressed. 

ADVERTISING Is accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate line, or $3.50 per Inch, 
each Insertion. New York representative, Norman Co., 34 West 33d Street. 



Our Goal 



carriers are asserting that increases in rates all over the country are neces- 
sary to maintain stability, service and credit." 

It would seem from the above that the carriers are determined to raise 
freight rates and the effect upon agriculture will be oppressive. Present 
rates are a heavy burden and while the farmers appreciate the improved 
transportation service that railroads give, an increase in rates is unbearable. 

Without a doubt our improved highways have brought to us a modern 
system of transportation. In some respects, highways are most important 
to the farmer. We are dependent for our prosperity on the ability to de- 
liver our farm crops to market at a minimum cost. The Grange has con- 
sistently supported Good Koads, and every advanced step in Highway 
Construction and the solution for the freight rate problem may he in 
transportation by heavy duty truck. 

Without a doubt rail transportation has suffered seriously because of 
the heavy truck, and it is safe to predict that transportation business will 
not be driven back to the rails by increasing freight rates. As the first steam 
railroad displaced sleds, rafts, and long team hauls, so the motor truck is 
filling the place of the railroad. It is but a few years since the railroads 
handled all the farmers' crops; now, however, the trucks are handling many 
of them. Not only these, but in the matter of coal transportation as well as 
iron, steel and manufactured products the motor truck is supplanting rail 
service. An increase of freight rates can surely not bring back the business 
that has been lost, but will be apt to make the truck more popular,--!. H. L. 



A GAIN we come to lay before our membership the importance of a well- 
Z\ planned campaign to attain the objectives, set for us, by the National 
Grange, viz: — 

Seveuty-five thousand members, 10 Subordinates and 15 Juvenile 
Granges is the mark for September 30th. The Master's letter to Deputies 
and Pomona Masters should be the means of organizing the forces for this 
accomplishment. Five months remain, in which to do the work, and it 
will be necessary to add an average of five members to every Grange. This 
should be an easy task. Summer is the busy season for our farmers, but 
many favorable contacts can be made through picnics, tours, fairs and other 
outdoor meetings and the Grange gospel can be extended with little difficulty. 

The Grange as the great Community Builder should appeal to every 
person engaged in agriculture. The Grange has always contributed to 
victories in a legislative way both in the State and Nation. On the questions 
of "taxation" and other matters of public interest, we have generally been 
conservative. The interest of the farmer and the home owner has always 
been the concern of the Grange. 

Briefly the Grange has been a service organization. Other organizations 
have come and gone, while the Grange has lived and grown. Grange picnic 
speakers, officers and deputies have opportunities to lay before the public the 
greatness of our Order and at this time farmers need organization more 
than ever before. The goal that has been set is easily attainable, if we paint 
the picture of the Grange in the true light. 

The most important issues of the day must be studied and discussed 
and our farm problems can only be solved through and by our farm or- 
ganizations. The National Master has well said, "The ability of the Grange 
to serve is dependent on the ability and enthusiasm of leaders and members, 
multiplied by the total number of patrons in the nation. Consequently, as 
we increase Grange membership, we multiply the ability of the Grange to 
serve its members and to help others." J. H. L. 



Gasoline Tax Collection 

THE State Grange has favored and advocated the collection of the gaso- 
line tax from the distributor for a number of years. We were disap- 
pointed in both the 1927 and the 1929 Sessions of the Legislature when 
the measure failed of passage. House Bill No. 1087 (Senate No. 931) passed 
the Senate finally and was signed by the Governor on May 22d. Accordingly, 
beginning with June 1, 1931, returns on the sale of gasoline will be made 
by the distributor who sells gasoline to the retailers. The change of this 
plan means that the State will collect the gasoline tax from 700 distributors 
and wholesalers, while formerly the tax was collected from 26,000 retailers. 

"Thousands of dollars of tax money heretofore pocketed by the gasoline 
bootleggers and some retail gas dealers who failed to report tax collections 
in full to the State, will now go into the State Treasury," according to the 
opinion of the Secretary of Revenue, Dr. Clyde King. By the terms of 
the Act, wholesalers and distributors will be licensed by the State and will 
be required to report all deliveries of liquid fuel to points within the State. 
At the same time, retail dealers are required to keep a record for one year 
of all liquid fuels received, the amount of tax paid by them to the distrib- 
utors, and all delivery tickets, invoices and bills of lading they receive. 

The State Grange, by its declarations and activity in a legislative way 
over a period of years, has contributed its share to bring about this 
change. Our people throughout the State have been practically unanimous 
in support of this measure. The automobile clubs and automotive associa- 
tions have practically all been in favor of this change, and, in fact, the 
change had to come because of public opinion that has crystallized against 
the collection of gasoline tax from the retailers, a system so faulty and 
imperfect that thousands upon thousands of dollars of gasoline tax was 
never collected, even though paid by the autoists and the consumers. 

J. H. L. 



I 



Railroad Freight Rates 



ONE of the elements that has always entered into the consideration of 
what we call the "Farm Problem," is freight rates. The effect upon 
agriculture differs in various sections of the country, but generally 
speaking it is one of the chief items entering into the cost of production of 
farm crops. The transportation of fertilizer, feeds, wheat, fruit, live stock 
and in fact everything that relates to growing crops, must be paid by the 
farmer, either directly or indirectly. The freight rates on all farm ship- 
ments are too high at present and we question the wisdom of the plan un- 
der way by the Railroads to seek $400,000,000 more revenue annually by 
increased freight rates. The excuse for this step is that the average railroad 
wage is only 66 cents an hour, which is considerably below the overage for 
other industries. The statement is made that if rates are revised to pro- 
duce $400,000,000 more, at least $160,000,000 of this new income would be 
passed along to labor immediately. Railroads employ approximately 1,200,- 
000 men as against 1,800,000 in normal times. It is argued that by in- 
creased efficiency and labor saving machinery, railroad labor has been 
deflated. * 

The recent application for a reduction in rates on cast iron pipe and 
fittings was denied by the Interstate Commerce Commission and a concur- 
ring opinion by Commissioner Lewis, said, "My concurrence is based on the 
record in this case, but beyond that is the fact that at this particular time 



GOLDEN SHEAF AND SILVER 

STAR CERTIFICATES 

According to previous announce- 
ments, blanks for the above certificates 
are now available. The Executive 
Committee of the National Grange 
has approved the following sugges- 
tions and rules, and it will be seen 
that blanks can be obtained from State 
Secretaries and they shall be for- 
warded to him when executed for his 
approval. The rules are as follows: 

1. The National Secretary will pre- 
pare and furnish State Secretaries' 
blanks to establish the proof of a 
Grange member's right to receive thir* 
honor. 

2. Golden sheaf certificates shall be 
awarded only once a year at the Na- 
tional Grange and will be presented 
to State Masters for distribution at 
State Sessions or as otherwise may be 
provided. 

*3. The National Grange will pro- 
vide design for gold medals, emblems 
or pins, which State Granges may pre- 
sent if they so desire. 

4. Each State Grange should pro- 



vide a special program or function for 
honoring fifty-year members and se- 
cure all possible publicity. 

5. Subordinate Granges with golden 
sheaf members should provide some 
special program of recognition. 

6. Silver star certificates will be 
available for distribution to State 
Secretaries and none of the records 
will come to the National Secretary. 

7. Each Pomona Grange will desig- 
nate certain officers or have a special 
committee to have charge of recog- 
nizing silver star members either an- 
nually or at regular meetings as the 
Pomona Grange may desire. 

8. A pin will be designed that Po- 
mona Granges may purchase or that 
any individual member who has re- 
ceived a certificate of recognition will 
be entitled to wear. Pomona Granges 
will give full newspaper publicity to 
all members who have served the 
Order for a quarter of a century. 

It is important that all members of 
the Order who have held membership 
fifty years or more should be reported 
on the proper blanks to the secretary 
of the State Grange before Sept. 30th. 



i 



O/i the 

HOTTEST DAY 

you may have 

COLD FURNISHED 

BY WIRE . . . 

[This refrigerator makes a saving in steps and 
food worth many dollars on a Pennsylvania farm 



t- 



FARM women are again confronted with the hot 
weather problem of how to keep their food from 
spoiling. The electric refrigerator is the answer to 
this problem of how to keep the food constantly cold 
enough. Only those who have been confronted with this 
task for years and now enjoy the use of an electric re- 
frigerator, can appreciate what it does. 

Saving Thousands of Steps 

On most farms the food must be taken to the spring 
house or cellar in an attempt to keep it from spoiling. 
This commonly means two trips before and after each 
meal or twelve round trips a day. If the spring house is 
100 feet from the kitchen this would mean walking almost 
15 miles per month or about 5 hours of solid trotting, 
chiefly by mother. Even at 30c per hour, which is too low, 
this would amount to $1.50 worth of labor per month. 

Dollars Worth of Food Saved 

Primarily the electric household refrigerator was de- 
signed to save food and health, the saving of steps being 
only incidental. It has proven its worth for food preser- 
vation to such an extent that its use has swept over the 
country until there are now hundreds of thousands in use. 

Farm house^vives tell uslthey[llke the 
electric refrigerator because: 

... It brings the cold to where the food is. 

... It saves steps in taking the food to a cold place. 

... It keeps the food in much better condition, maintaining 
a uniform temperature of 50" or less. 

. . . The separate cold compartments provide ice and cool 
drinks for the hot days in the summer. 

. . . No food is wasted by spoilage. 

. . . They can save trips to market and buy at a lower price 
by purchasing in larger quantities perishable food that would 
otherwise spoil. 

. . . They can prolong the season for use of home grown 
perishables, particularly berries and fruits. 

... Of freedom from messed up floors in bringing ice from 
the ice house. 

. . . They do not have to interfere with the men in their 
farm work to ice the refrigerator. 

. . . The food looks tasty and is better when served. 



^ «> ;ii " <W l m .' ■:»<>■. ^trn^-- t ^^. 

--.i^-'t III! w wiiii ■^mm^'-- ♦-,»»#. 

..^v,,^ >y . . M I W O ' H m ■ Iff- U— II, ■ «. („^ 

,.„,ttt.^ ^' *** >m t m »■ " jr- iww»» » a»r^ 



I ^\ 



-"T" 



'fr^rje- 



'-■>*«>«W*»*»«y* 



<f^ 



M.m: 



O" 



In order to get the most satisfaction from electricity it is 
important to have an adequate wiring system with outlets 
placed conveniently for a washer, sweeper, iron, percolator, 
toaster, refrigerator, electric range, motors, etc., m addition 
to lights. We shall be glad to have a representative conUr 
with you regarding how your wiring system should be laid 
out preliminary to securing bids from reliable contractors. 
There is no charge for this service. 



Costs Little to Operate 

Rate schedules are worked out so that after a certain 
amount of current has been used the cost is greatly re- 
duced. The cost of current to operate an electric refrig- 
erator commonly ranges from $1.00 to $3.00 per month. 
The average use is 50 KWH per month. Since the farm 
housewife will wish to keep relatively large quantities of 
food it is desirable to have a refrigerator with sufficient 
storage space. While the cost of operation will be some- 
what higher for a larger unit the service rendered will 
more than offset this. Your electric company will gladly 
advise you as to the size of refrigerator most suitable and 
what the current would cost for operation. 

Ask the woman who has an electric refrigerator; we 
believe she will tell you that the cost of current is very 
small in comparison to the value of the food saved, the 
steps eliminated, the health protection secured, plus the 
satisfaction of cool drinks and tasty, attractive food from 



the electric refrigerator. Another proof that 

*^IT COSTS MORE TO DO WITHOUT ELECTRICITY THAN TO USE IT 

Published in the interest of Rural Electrification by the 



Bradford Electric Company 
Chester County Electric Company 
Chester Valley Electric Company 
Duqucsnc Light Company 
Edison Light & Power Company 
Erie County Electric Company 
Eric Lighting Company 



Keystone Public Service Company 
Luzerne County Gas & Electric Company 
Metropolitan Edison Company 
Northern Pennsylvania Power Company 
Penn Central Light & Power Company 
Pennsylvania Electric Company 
Pennsylvania Power & Light Company 



Pennsylvania Power Company 
Philadelphia Electric Company 
Scranton Electric Company 
South Penn Electric Company 
Southern Pennsylvania Power Company 
Wellsboro Electric Company 
West Penn Power Company 




Page 10 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



June, 1931 



Home Economics 
Committee 

Mrs. GeorsJa M. Piolett 
Mr». Furman Gyger 
MiM Charlotte E. Ray 
Mrs. Charlotte Ruppin 
Mrt. Clara C. PhUlips 



WOMAN^S WORK 

IN THE 

HOME AND GRANGE 

By Home Economics Committee 



To understand nature is to be on 
the right pathway towards a sympa- 
thetic understanding of life's deeper 
meaning. 



Subjects for Discussion — 

Why not have a bird evening? 

1. Bird character and songs. 

2. Some phases of bird life. 

3. How can we best protect and pre- 
serve our birds from destruction? 



For July — Our Country's History 
Government makers — 

a. Jefferson; b. Hamilton; c. 
Washington and John Adams; d. 
Daniel Webster; e. Henry Clay, 
John C. Calhoun. What did each con- 
tribute? 



Home Economies 

Home life. The relations of mother 
and daughter. Hospitality as a fine 
art. Our guests. Improvements in 
our Grange halls. Evolution of home 
— ancient and modem. 



HE SHALL BE LIXE A TREE 

Lord, hear this sincere prayer from 

me: 
Let me grow faultless like a tree; 
Let there be that about my face 
To point men skyward to Thy grace. 
Let my life be fresh and clean 
Like the trees new budding green. 
Let my love, like branches, spread 
To bear good fruit for others' bread. 
Let me grow tall and straight and 

whole 
Like the tree's strong, upright soul. 
As mating robins love to come 
To make the leafy boughs their home, 
May many find my heart a nest 
Of sheltering peace and happy rest. 
Give me to add to gladness' store 
As leaves make soft the forest floor. 
Each stormy passion of the land 
And heat of scorching hate I'd stand 
Firm fixed with deepening roots of 

truth 
By lessons which I learned in youth. 
When grief weaves shadows like a 

shroud 
I'll point aloft to rainbow cloud. 
Lord, teach me now the ancient good 
Of Thy great forest brotherhood." 

Suggestions 

It has always been my contention 
that each of the Graces has a distinc- 
tive and important piece of work to 
do; of which Flora's is far from the 
least. If I am called to occupy the 
chair of Flora in my subordinate and 
don't find more and better flowers 
grown in my neighborhood at the 
close of term of office than at the be- 
ginning, then I have failed my order. 

If Flora carries out as extensive a 
program of home beautification as 
she should, she needs help, and there 
is no one so well qualified to give it 
as the Home Economics Committee. 
For that reason we think that Flora 
should always be a member of that 
committee. 

There are dozens of projects that 
they could carry out; here is one of 
the easiest: If the Home Economics 
Committee in every Subordinate 
Grange would each year, sell one — 
just one — cook book and invest the 
money in the seeds of some perennial 



— ^preferably one that isn't commonly 
grown in that community, raise plants 
from them, and in the fall divide 
these plants among the women of the 
Grange, just think how many lovely 
things might be growing in the gar- 
dens round about in five years time. 

Some perennials that are easily 
raised from seed and that are pretty 
sure to come true to type and color 
are Shasta daisies. Sweet Rocket, 
Geums, Pyrethrum, the much im- 
proved Sweet William, and a great 
many of the lovely rock garden flow- 
ers. Lucy Shumway, 

Flora. 

Recipes 

Currant Mint Sauce: 

1 Glass currant jelly 

1 tablespoonful orange rind (slice 

thin — ^just use yellow part — cut 
in short strips 

2 tablespoonfuls chopped mint 
Salt to taste 

Beat Jelly with fork until broken 
up in small pieces. (Do not beat 
enough to make foamy), just break it 
up. Add orange rind and mint and 
salt to taste. 

Orange Toast Mixture: 

V^ cupful grated orange rind (only 
yellow part) 

1 cupful sugar 

2 tablespoonfuls orange juice 

Mix orange rind and sugar and add 
just enough juice to make a paste. 
Keep in glass jar in refrigerator. 

Spread on toast which has been 
toasted quickly so as not to dry out, 
return to broiler until mixture bub- 
bles. 

Cheese Sandwich Filling: 

V2 pound Vermont cheese (snappy) 

or 
% pound Kraft American cheese 

1 tablespoonful butter 

1 tablespoonful flour 

1 cupful milk 

Salt and pepp)er if desired 

2 eggs well beaten 

Melt butter, blend flour, add milk 
and eggs and cheese. Cook in double 
boiler stirring constantly until thick. 
Cool. Keep in jar in refrigerator. 

Cut sandwiches in small squares, 
put in filling and spread a little on 
top. Bake in hot oven until brown or 
can toast in broiler. 

Salmon Filling: 

Vi cupful canned salmon (break sal- 
mon in pieces in strainer and 
pour boiling water over it to re- 
move fish oil) 
2 hard boiled eggs chopped 
1% tablespoonfuls melted butter 
1 tablespoonful chopped pickle 
1% tablespoonfuls chopped almonds 
Little Worcester sauce — mayon- 
, naise to make a paste. 

Coffee Cake: 

Va cupful butter 

1 cupful sugar 
Yolks 2 eggs 

% cupful milk 

2 teaspoonfuls baking powder 
2 whites eggs 

Sugar, cinnamon and almonds cut 
lengthwise. 

Cream butter, add sugar, then beat- 
en yolks of eggs, add milk and flour 
sifted with baking powder. Cut and 



fold in stiffly beaten whites. Bake in 
square greased tin. Sprinkle top with 
sugar, cinnamon and almonds. 

Fruit Cocktail: 

1 can pineapple pieces 

1/4 pound after dinner mints 

(crushed) 
4 oranges sliced 

Mix 1 hour before serving and chill 
thoroughly. 

Cranberry Conserve: 

2 cupfuls cranberries 
V2 cupful orange juice 

IV2 cupfuls sugar 
1 cupful raisins 

1 teaspoonful grated orange rind 
V2 cupful blanched almonds sliced 

Wash cranberries, add orange juice 
and cook until skin separates. Rub 
through coarse strainer. Add sugar 
and cook 15 minutes. Add orange 
rind and nuts and cook until thick. 

Lemon Marmalade: 

6 lemons 
31^ quarts water 

1 cupful almonds blanched and 
sliced 
Sugar 

Slice lemons very thin. Let stand 
in the 3V^ quarts water over night. 
Then weigh and add equal weight 
sugar and boil until thick when cool. 
Just before taking off fire add the al- 
monds. 

Oatmeal Bread: 

1 cupful rolled oats 

1 level tablespoonful salt 

2 tablespoonfuls rounded brown 
sugar 

1 tablespoonful butter 
1 pint boiling water 

Stir oatmeal into hot milk, add sug- 
ar, salt, butter. Let stand until luke- 
warm add 1 cake yeast softened in 
water. Add little white flour. Let 
stand until light. Add white flour and 
knead. Let double in bulk. Shape 
into loaves. Let double in bulk and 
bake one hour in moderate oven. 



GRADUATION— WHAT NEXT? 

By Zela Welsh 

Have you ever given serious 
thought to your plans for the next 
four or five years? Perhaps you 
haven't considered one year of your 
life in advance. 

Maybe you have just been graduated 
from high school. What are you go- 
ing to do next year ? There are many 
fields from which the high school 
graduate may choose, but for the sake 
of brevity let us divide these vocations 
in a general way into three main 
groups. 

First and probably the most impor- 
tant,, because it includes more people, 
is homemaking. Have you ever 
thought of homemaking as an occu- 
pations The census taker who says 
"homemaking," or more correctly per- 
haps, "housekeeping," and marks in 
his book "no occupation" is entirely 
wrong. Homemaking is one of the 
broadest and most inclusive of all oc- 
cupations. Think of the number of 
things with which it is concerned; 
housekeeping and care, sewing, cook- 
ing, laundering, canning, child rear- 
ing, and numerous other lines. If you 
are engaged and planning to be mar- 
ried soon, don't forget that your op- 
portunities for higher education and 
cultural development are limitless. 
Progressive and scientific methods of 
homemaking have so developed that 
the housewife of today can complete 
her daily housework in much less time 
than was formerly possible, and so 
have more leisure time in which to 
bring out to the full anofher or per- 



haps several other phases of her life. 
Books, magazines, the radio, easy 
means of transportation, and the host 
of other services available for the 
home of today, are all a benefit to the 
homemaker. She should utilize all 
these opportunities to the best advan- 
tage possible and so keep up to date 
with the changes which are constantly 
being made in the world about her. 

In a second class we might include 
factories and shops of various types, 
stores, libraries, hotels and summer 
ers, and various other occupations of 
resorts, employment in homes of oth- 
this general type. Night schools, li- 
braries, clubs, movies, the radio, mag- 
azines, books, and daily associations 
should all be of much benefit to those 
people who are employed in this line 
of work. 

Career seekers could be classed in a 
third division. Those who choose this 
line have a wide range from which to 
make a choice. Women have entered 
almost every career in which we find 
men. There is no distinct line drawn 
today, setting aside careers which are 
forbidden to women. Even agricul- 
ture, engineering and mining claim a 
share of the women. However, the 
careers more commonly selected by 
women are nursing, business, school 
teaching, social service and welfare 
work, and many others. These are all 
vocations which require a period of 
preparation or training in a hospital, 
college, or other school before one can 
enter into active service. The field is 
broad and no one phase need be over- 
crowded. 

Before choosing a vocation, one 
should look at the possibilities of 
many of them, giving consideration to 
one's ability in that line, taste for that 
type of work, physical fitness, chance 
for advancement, preparation period 
required, amount of salary at each 
step in advancement, number now in 
the field, demand for people trained in 
that line of work and many other 
questions of importance. 

Regardless of your place in life you 
cannot live with people and not learn 
something new each day even though 
you make no effort to learn. A limited 
life is not necessary today, so see that 
you broaden your view along some 
line each day. If you influence other 
lives, be sure you are a good influence. 
In this way make yourself a better 
person in your community and your 
home. 






BEAUTIFY THE HOME 

(Continued from April issue) 

Where ground space will permit the 
division into different areas can well 
be carried out in a series of gardens, 
connected by charming walks. Even 
where space will not permit the small 
special gardens have a value as well as 
a charm all their own. In a hilly 
country where stony ground may re- 
strict actual garden space a small plot 
may be cleared, cleaned and planted 
with the old-fashioned perenials, many 
of which are in high favor again 
today. 

The Rock Garden is a special hobby 
at the present day. This is of especial 
interest in hilly and rocky regions 
principally alongside of a little rivu- 
let. Rockeries produce a wonderful 
effect with a sunken garden. The 
banks of the sunken garden can be 
heaped with stones among which 
should be planted the many varied 
Alpine and other flowering and ever- 
green plants. 

The Bulb Garden is possible almost 
anywhere and under almost any con- 
ditions. This can be designed to have 
blooms almost from the time the last 
snowflake melts when the crocus be- 
gins to bloom, until the late Darwin, 



June, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 11 



Rembrandt and Breeder Tulips open. 
When the last bulb flowers have 
passed the bed can be sown with shal- 
low rooted annuals, which will bloom 
in a few weeks. Instead of sowing the 
bulb bed with annuals it can also be 
set with dahlia tubers which will 
bloom profusely till frost. 

The Iris Garden can be made a joy 
from about the end of March to the 
end of June. Besides the blooms the 
Iris foliage is very attractive. 

The Lily Garden produces a pro- 
fusion of perfume and beauty its sea- 
son through. 

The Rose Garden may be simply 
natural or as elaborately formal as 
space and circumstance may permit. 
It can always by proper selection be a 
bower of beauty the season through. 

The Water Garden, especially in 
limited space, often will prove the 
most easily arranged as well as the 
most interesting. It is suitably ar- 
ranged where a brook or a pond can 
be used as a natural feature on large 
grounds but even a city backlot can 
enjoy a pool. A few waterlilies and 
other aquatic plants will enhance the 
beauty of the pool. 

The Green Garden can prove not 
only the most easily cared for but also 
really the most restful, while it has 
a charm that appeals to old and young. 
The simplest green garden is a grass 
plot bordered by flowering shrubs 
which with their succession of bloom 
would have color to emphasize the 
green. Where winter beauty is de- 
sired and where soil and climate will 
allow, there may be added various 
evergreens including Azaleas, Laurel 
and Rhododendrons. 

Nature holds a charm which pierces 
into the hearts of mankind as he views 
the beauties that plant life places 
around the home. The farmer and his 
family have the finest opportunities, 
with the help of a landscape architect, 
to have their homes listed among the 
homes beautiful. The farmer has 
much of the material at hand to beau- 
tify his surroundings. Many of the 
shrubs growing wild and ruthlessly de- 
stroyed will when cultivated most 
lavishly adorn parts of the home sur- 
roundings. The ground area to be 
planted for adornment is no question 
especially at this time when overpro- 
duction stares everybody in the eye. 
Landscaping the farm home grounds 
helps to keep the alurements of the 
city out of the minds of the boys and 
girls and together with the wonderful 
hospitality, unavailable in the city, 
will help to solve many of the difli- 
cuUies of the farmers' families. 

Farmers, do not hesitate to land- 
scape your home grounds. It will 
pay you a greater dividend than any 
OH or utility stock. 

Remember. Trees, shrubs and 
flowers complete the home. 

John J. Marcks. 



SOME BEATITUDES 
Gen. Fed. Women's Club 

1. Blessed are they who plant the 
'ong-hved tree and shrub. 

2. Blessed are they who are owners 
01 flower gardens, for in the heart of 
a tto^r may be seen the creator. 

fl, ^\^f^^ are they who clean up 
^e highways, byways, and home 
^ound8-_foj. cleanliness is next to 
Godliness. 

%\t^^^^A^'.^^^ *^®y ^^o war on 
wav f '°1 ^^"boards along the high- 
Tf ^"^^ *^?y shall be called protectors 
scenery ^^^""^^ ^""^ landscape 

DrL?/-^''^'^. ^'® *^«y who stand for 

^^ol T"" u ^ ^«*"'«« ^^ts to our na- 

triip,:?.^^^^ ^^»" be recognized as 
"•f ue patriots. 

^' Great shall be the reward of 



those who protect our forests from 
fire, for the bird shall continue to 
serve him, and the fish and wild ani- 
mal to furnish him food. 

7. Whosoever conserveth our na- 
tional resources, serveth himself and 
the generation following. 



W. S. HAGAH APPOINTED 
DEPUTY SECRETARY 

OF AGRICULTURE 

W. S. Hagar, a native of Bradford 
County and County Agricultural 
Agent of Mercer County, assumed the 
duties of Deputy Secretary of Agri- 
culture of Pennsylvania on May 1. 
Mr. Hagar has filled the position of 
County Agent since 1918 in a very 
acceptable manner. Immediately fol- 
lowing his graduation from Pennsyl- 
vania State College in 1918, he went 
to Mercer County. He was largely 
instrumental in the institution of the 
tubercular test among the dairy herds 
in the county. The testing of the 
cattle on an area basis was undertaken 



as much as possible and windows are 
kept wide open, day and night. You 
know how anxious a mother with a 
sleeping baby is, to avoid the least 
noise in the house, as she wants her 
offspring to enjoy a sound and refresh- 
ing sleep. Loud noise, like strong 
light, is unquestionably stimulating 
and exciting and though justifiable at 
times of rejoicing, is something ordi- 
narily to be avoided, as far as possible, 
in city life, itself already much too 
stimulating and exciting. The tend- 
ency of the times, is to cultivate 
quiet, not only as a private luxury, 
but also as a public necessity. E. J. 




in 1922. The campaign in Mercer 
County for the improvement in the 
breeding of dairy cattle has always 
attracted wide attention. His activi- 
ties included Boys and Girls Club 
work as well as other Dairy and Po- 
tato projects. 

Cooperative marketing was always 
stressed by him and he assisted in the 
establishment of curb markets for sell- 
ing local products in cities within the 
county. As is generally known, Mr. 
Hagar succeeds Prof. R. G. Bressler, 
who became president of Rhode Is- 
land State College on April 1. 



HEALTH MESSAGE 

Berlin, Germany, is one of the most 
active cities of the world, yet its in- 
habitants never hear a steam whistle, 
the rattle of wagons, the shriek of a 
locomotive, or a huckster's cry. A 
number of large cities in this country 
have already abolished the blowing of 
steam whistles and the ringing of bells 
in the freight yards. Many of the 
largest factories, use no whistles or 
steam signals, but their army of em- 
ployees come to their work by the 
clock. We may get used to noise, so 
that we are able to sleep through it, 
but even then the sound impressions, 
pouring into the brain, have some 
effect upon us, making our sleep less 
sound and restful. A person living in 
the midst of noise, such as is common 
to-day, in our large cities, gets no 
really complete rest, day or night. In 
these days, when everyone can afford 
a dollar watch, these air piercing 
sounds, to summon people to their 
work, are not necessary. This great 
increase of noise, comes just when peo- 
ple are beginning to live out of doors. 



Be sure to mention Grange News 
when answering advertisements. 



Foot Exerciser and Arch G>rrector 

I believe I have the moat 




bxKKl ctrculatiun. relieve* the pre«aure oo 
pinched nervea. will limber nn the toe 
action and makea the feet feel aa If new 
Ufe had come back Ittto them again. The 
price la $6.00. postage pakJ. (Pfctent 
Pending. ) 

P. H. BERGAN 

44B W. Orma«« St-. L««cMUr, Pa. 



QUILT PIECES 

Fancy Cottons of the better grade. Well assorted, 
2 pounds for $1.00 postpaid. 

FANCY SILK PIECES 

Excellent for all kinds of Fancywork. Assorted 
sixes and colors, 1 pound for $1.00 postpaid. Love- 
ly FREE Premium with first order of either silk 
or cotton quilt pieces. 

C.O.OLSON,Dept4 GRAND Y, MINN. 



OUR FASHIOH AND PAHERN DEPARTMENI 

All patterns 18 cents each, postage prepalcL 




h^m 





All pattern! price 15c each in itampi or coin (coin preferred). 



SISO — <SIenderlzlng Model. Designed for sizes 
36. 38, 40. 42, 44, 46 and 48 inches 
bust measure. Size 36 requires 3 
yards of 3&-lnch material with 
yard of 35-inch coDtrastlng. 

8180 — Tremendously Smart. Designed for 
sizes 14, 16, 18, 20 years. 36, 38 
and 40 Inches bust measure. Size 
16 requires 4^ yards of 39-lnch 
material with \ yard of 39-inch 
contrasting. 

8164 — 'Youthfully Smart. Designed for sizes 
12, 14. 16, 18, 20 years. 36 and 38 
inches bust measure. Size 16 re- 
quires 4% yards of 39-lnch mate- 
rial. 



8117 — Charming Model. Designed for sizes 
36, 38, 40. 42 and 46 Inches bust 
measure. Size 36 requires 3 yards 
of 39-inch material with % yard of 
35-lnch contrasting and 1% yards 
of 2-lnch ribbon. 

8146 — Smart Jacket Dress. Designed for sisea 
6, 8, 10, 12 and 14 years. Sise 8 
requires 3% yards of 35-inch ma- 
terial with % yard of 86-inch con- 
trasting. 

8188 — FOr Wee Maids. Designed for sizes 2, 
4 and 6 years. Size 4 requires 2% 
yards of 36-lncb material with 3^ 
yards of edging. 



Our Bummer Fashion Magazine Is 16 cents a copy but may be obtained for 10 oenti If 

ordered same time as pattern. 



Addrest, giving nMmther and size: 
Pattern Department, Grange News, Chambertburg, Pa. 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 12 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



June, 1931 



June, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 13 



Among the G ranges 

Activities of the Order in Various Localities 



CELEBRATES BURNING 

OF MORTGAGE 

Fallowfield Grange, No. 1382, 
Washington County, Pennsylvania, 
celebrates the burning of the mort- 
gage on their hall, on May 14th. Bro. 
John A. McSparran, Past State Mas- 
ter, and present Secretary of Agriul- 
ture, was the speaker of the evening. 
Bro. J. J. Cleland, Washington Coun- 
tv Pomona Master, J. L. Post, State 
Deputy, and W. D. Phillips, County 
Deputy, occupied seats on the stage 
with the charter members who were 
honor guests of the evening. 

Fallowfield Grange, No. 1382, was 
organized by Deputy S. B. Day, of 
Washington, at the Carson school- 
liouse on May 8, 1908, with 52 names 
on charter roll. Some few did not 
take the obligations, and others moved 
away before the Grange was complete- 
ly organized, leaving 37 members to 
start the organization. 

For more than 14 years meetings 
were held at the Carson schoolhouse, 
with a few meetings at the homes of 
members. At many meetings there 
were just the faithful few who "kept 
the home fires burning," weak in num- 
ber but strong in Grange spirit. Sep- 
tember 19, 1919, the lot was pur- 
chased, on November 17, 1919, the 
Grange was incorporated. 

At a called meeting on March 28, 

1922, it was decided to build a hall. 
The Grange purchased the materials 
and hired men to do the labor in 
charge of a carpenter foreman. 

The first meeting was held in the 
liall on August 4, 1922, and the build- 
ing was dedicated as a Grange Hall 
on January 17, 1923, with Brother 
John A. McSparran in charge. 

Washington County Pomona 
Grange was entertained on June 5, 

1923, and the fifth degree conferred 
on the largest class to that time, 63 
candidates. Pomona Grange was 
again entertained in June, 1927. 

On November 17, 1923, at Pitts- 
luirgh, the Seventh Degree was con- 
ferred on 35 members, of whom 25 are 
present members. The Juvenile 
Grange was organized on May 30, 

1924, This Grange was the first Hon- 
or Grange in Washington County, al- 
so our Mrs. Colvin had the record for 
selling Grange cook books for the 
Girls Dormitory. In 1928 was 
awarded large silk flag by Pomona 
Grange for the most points of contest 
for two years, and has earned the 
honor seal every year since 1928. 

In 1922 when the building was be- 
gun the Grange owned the lot, clear, 
and had a substantial sum with which 
to start the building. Through the 
generosity of merchants and business 





The American Beauty Flag 

Sewed Stripes, Fast Colors 

4x6 Feet. fl. 00 

The Greatest DOLLAR FLAG 

Bargain in the World 

Sold ^xclushtlu bu 

PENNSYLVANIA FLAG CO. 

Send /or Catalog. 613 WALNUT ST., EASTON. PA. 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 

or EVERY DESCRIPTION 
THE RECOGNIZED STANDARD EVERYWHERE 

REGALIA » BADGES . EMBLEMS 

TOOLa. PLAOS. LABOR SAVING BOOKS 
SEND FOR CATALOGUE 

C. J. BAINBRIDGE, SYRACUSE, N. Y. 



men in Charleroi, and friends and 
members of tlie Grange $800.00 was 
donated. A mortgage of $1,500.00 
was placed on the property and in 
eight years the Grange Hall was clear 
of its debt. The last payment was 
made March 1, 1931, and properly re- 
corded. Of the 37 active members at 
the organizing, only 14 are members 
at present. Those who retained their 
membership for the 23 years are as 
follows : Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Carson, 
Mr. and Mrs. Smith Colvin, Mr. and 
Mrs. E. E. Colvin, Mr. and Mrs. I. S. 
Sprowls, I. E. Morris, J. D. Jones, 
N. T. Carson, H. J. Carson, and J. J. 
Beereens and Mrs. J. Russell Sprowls. 
Of these above all were present as 
honor guests except H. J. Carson and 
Smith Colvin who were ill, and J. J. 
Beereens who is in the State of Cali- 
fornia. 

The present membership is 215, the 
largest Grange in Washington Coun- 

At tlip close of the history of the 
Grange read by the Secretary, Mrs. J. 
Blaine Duvall, the oldest charter 
member Bro. I. E. Morris burned the 
mortgage on an iron dutch oven, 
owned by Sister Sprowls, that is 
very, very old, and is classed among 
the antiques. 

The audience numbered about 350 
people, and the hall was filled to over- 
flowing with porch and yard full of 
people eager to hear the splendid mes- 
sage that Secretary of Agriculture 
John A. McSparran brought. 



HOME ECONOMICS NIGHT 

Home Economics Night, observed 
by Kimberton Grange at their reg- 
ular session on May 12, with a pro- 
gram arranged by Mrs. Fred W. Dein- 
inger, proved to be a most interesting 
occasion ; and in spite of the unpleas- 
ant weather the large hall was com- 
fortably filled. 

F. W. Rawlins, business manager of 
the Philadelphia Electric Co., with a 
corps of assistants, gave a demonstra- 
tion of cookery with an automatic 
electric stove. The stage had been ar- 
ranged to represent a modern kitchen, 
and was most attractive, with delicate 
green walls, complete kitchen cabinet, 
breakfast set, refrigerator and lamp in 
harmonizing colors, to say nothing of 
the demonstrators themselves who 
were in spotless white. A vase of red 
and white carnations standing on top 
of the oven during the preparation of 
the meal testified eloquently to the 
small amount of heat that escaped 
into the room during the cooking. 
Electric ranges of different kinds were 
also arranged on both sides of the hall, 
each topped with a vase of carnations. 

After the meal had been placed in 
the oven and the regulator and timer 
set, a program of motion pictures, 
dancing and magic was rendered dur- 
ing the interval required for the cook- 
ing. The life of Thomas A. Edison, 
was portrayed from the time he was a 
small boy interested in the hatching 
of goose eggs by the mother goose, on 
through school days and newspaper 
selling on a train, during which time 
he was permanently deafened by a 
box. on the ears occasioned by the dis- 
asterous results of his experimenting 
on the train. Later on he was shown 
as he rescued a small boy from death 
under an approaching train, and as a 
reward for his heroism he was given 
the opportunity of learning teleg- 



raphy. The experiments which re- 
sulted in the invention of the incan- 
descent light were shown in detail, as 
well as other phases of his in interest- 
ing and useful life. 

Between acts one of the members 
gave some skillful feats of magic and 
one of the young ladies danced several 
interesting numbers. Miss Katharine 
Miller presided at the piano during 
the presentation of the picture and the 
dancing. 

By this time the meal was cooked 
and it was passed around for inspec- 
tion. Tickets which had been distrib- 
uted through the audience were placed 
in a container and three numbers 
drawn by a little girl who volunteered 
for this service. Mrs. Clyde Miller 
drew the first prize, an electric floor 
lamp; Miss Edith Gyger, the second, 
the dinner; and Miss Dorothy Billig, 
the third, a cake. 

After the meeting adjourned, the 
various electrical devices were in- 
spected with much interest and many 
questions asked, which were cheerfully 
answered by the demonstrators. 

Mary K. Eisenbrey. 



GRANGERS GET TOGETHER 

AT TANNERSVILLE, PA. 

Saturday evening, May 9th, a very 
interesting meeting was held at Poco- 
no Grange Hall, Tannersville. When 
Pocono Grange, No. 1415, was host to 
members from five visiting Granges. 
After the regular routine of business 
the meeting was turned over to the 
visiting Lecturer from Carbon Coun- 
ty, whq responded with the following 
program : 

Greetings, by W. H. Snyder. 

Reading, "The Little Dog Under 
the Wagon, Mrs. W. A. Buck. 

Recitation, "Take the Bath Tub to 
the Country," Helen Fogel. 

Reading, "The Slow Train from Ar- 
kansas," Alliandra Dunbar. 

Vocal solo, Little Marion Buck. 

Recitation, "If," by Voggie Fogel. 

Reading, "Watch Your Words," 
Mrs. W. E. Eckhart. 

Duet, Irene Fatzinger and Mrs. 
Eckhart. 

Jewish Sketch, by W. H. Snyder 
and Irene Fatzinger. 

Then followed several "get ac- 
quainted" songs in which all joined. 

After the singing "An Umbrella 
Duologue" was given by Mrs. Milton 
Singer and Mrs. Elsie Dailey. 

Short addresses were made by J, H. 
Cyphers, Monroe Grange ; J. H. Wag- 
ner, Mineola Grange, and E. J. Felk- 
er, Mineola Grange. 

The following Granges were repre- 
sented with the number of members 
indicated: 

Carbon County — Tomansing, 40; 
Big Creek, 4. 

Monroe County — McMichaels, 12; 
Mineola, 7; Monroe, 4; Pocono, 21. 

At the close of the meeting Pocono 
Grange served nice refreshments. 



SAUNDER'S DAY OBSERVED 

BY RICHLAND GRANGE 

The meeting of the above Grange 
on May 5th was in honor of William 
Saunders, one of the seven founders 
of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry, 
usually spoken of as the Grange. In 
opening the program, the lecturer, 
Mrs. A. D. Lawrence, stated the rea- 
son for observing Saunder's Night at 
this time, coming near the date of his 
birth. 

Miss Amanda Hillpot read a biog- 
raphy of William Saunders, whose oc- 
cupation was landscape gardening. 
His work, it was said, gave him the 
opportunity of planning the improve- 
ment of many public grounds, includ- 
ing the National Cemetery at Gettys- 
burg. 



The remainder of the program re- 
ferred to gardening and improvement 
of home surroundings. 

Mrs. Harry S. Johnson told what to 
plant for beauty around the farm 
home. She recommended the planting 
of evergreens, early flowering bulbs 
and perennials. For shade trees she 
suggested the maple and pin oak. 
She also referred to the rock gardens, 
which are quite popular now, and told 
of various rock gardens she has ob- 
served throughout the country. A 
song, "Somebody," was rendered by 
the four Koehler brothers, Ralph, 
Roger, Russell and Earl. 

Mrs. Ely R. Fretz discussed the 
question, "What plants secured from 
the woods are useful in beautifying 
our home surroundings?" She spoke 
of her own experience in transferring 
various wild plants and trees from 
the woods to her rock garden and 
other locations around the house. 
Among the ones she mentioned as be- 
ing available in this way are violets, 
anemones, hepaticas, saxifrage, Jack- 
in-the-pulpit, mosses, ferns, various 
evergreens, wild honeysuckle, dog- 
wood, maples and pin oaks. 

Mrs. Robert Land is read an article 
telling when to prune shrubs properly. 
Roger Koehler rendered a recitation. 



226 West 47th St. 
NEW YORK 

Phone: Longacre 5-6390 

- - FREE ACT - - 

Attractions for Parks, 
Fairs, Celebrations 

Positively No Substitutes 

"Better Buy from Us 
Than Wish You Had" 



FHE BOSTON REGALIA CO 

Grange Supplies 
Officers' Sashes 

Members* Badsee, Subordlnat 
No. 4. Reversible, 45 cent* each.. 

Pomona Badge*. No.l4. Rever« 
Ible 55 cents each. 

No. 650 U. S. Wool Bun- 
tins Flag, 3x5 ft. Mounted 
with Eagle and Stand. t6.50 
Printed Silk Flag, 3x5ft..MouDtSl 
as above. $10.00. Printed SilkPlA* 
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tst 



"TTT'^ 



ENTERTAINMENTS 

- FOR YOUR GRANGE— 

Our Loose-Leaf Plays and Recitations are used by 
thousands of Granses. lOc each, or 12 for $1 .00. 

Our New "LIVE WIRE STUNT BOOK" (60c.) wiD 
fit in nicely with your Grange progranu. 
Send for Free catalogues. 
The Willis N. Bsfbce Co., Dcpt. E.. Syracnte. N. T. 




WE MAKE 

Regulation 
Officers* Regalia 

FOR 

JUVENILE, SUBORDINATE. 

POMONA AND STATE 

GRANGES. 

REGULATION BADGES, PAST 
MASTER'S JEWELS. ETC 
WrU« for OirotUatr No. 1H 

Fufler Regalia & Costnroe Company, 

_12 HIGH STREET. WORCESTER. MASS^ 

Oldest Grange House— Established 1885 



I 



The last feature of the program was 
the showing of a set of 131 slides on 
"Civic Improvement" which illus- 
trated bv means of comparison, how 
unattractive grounds and roadsides 
may be beautified by the use of good 
taste in planting trees and flowers. 
Numerous private grounds and gar- 
dens were shown in their highly im- 
proved state. C. K. Richmond and 
A. D. Lawrence operated the Grange 
stereopticon in showing the slides, 
which proved interesting and enter- 
taining. 



HEMLOCK GRANGE 

REORGANIZED 

Hemlock Grange, near Panic, was 
reorganized May 6th with 33 members 
and an excellent chance of increasing 
the membership to 50 before the 
charter is closed this evening, when 
officers will be installed. 

Vernon E. Carr, state gate keeper, 
was assisted in the reorganization by 
the members of the Reynoldsville and 
Cloe Granges. The "DuBois Players" 
staged an hour's delightful entertain- 
ment. 

The following officers were elected: 
Master, William Rhodes; overseer, S. 
J. Heitzenrater; lecturer, Ethel Buc- 
heite; steward, John Smith; assistant 
steward, Jay Hines; chaplain, Mrs. 
Philip Reiter; treasurer, C. H. 
Rhodes; secretary, Mary Heitzen- 
riter; gate keeper, Howard North; 
Ceres, Mrs. Samuel Heitzenriter; 
Pomona, Mrs. Burt North; Flora, 
Mrs. John Smith, and lady assistant 
steward, Margaret North. 



FIDDLERS HELD SWAY 

IN CONTEST 

The Rural Valley Grangers, Arm- 
strong County, sponsored an old- 
fashioned fiddlers' contest in the 
Grange Hall on the evening of May 
9th. The hall was well filled and all 
were pleased with the selections of- 
fered by the eleven contestants. The 
R. V. Juvenile Band, under the direc- 
tion of Prof. Colonna, offered several 
well-played numbers. Mrs. H. O. 
Peters acted as master of ceremonies, 
introduced the first three contestants. 
Following their selections a girls' sex- 
tet sang the song, "What Mary." 
The sextet consisted of the Misses 
Schrecengost, Pinkerton and Oaks, 
sopranos; Rearic, Lias and Peters, 
altos. They were accompanied by 
Miss Longwill, teacher of music in 
R. V. H. S. A. D. Bullock then gave 
a clog dance. 

Following this three more contest- 
ants played their selections. These 
were followed by a monologue by Dr. 
Dovle Beck; boys' quartet from R. V. 
H.*^ S. then sang, "My Wild Irish 
Itose," and "O, Bring the Wagon 
Home John." The quartet consisted 
of the Messrs. Hubcr and Turney, 
tenors; Hover and Hawk, basses. 
They also were accompanied by Miss 
Longwill. Mrs. Mabel Hilberry then 
gave a clog dance. 

Following another group of con- 
testants Miss Martha Schrecengost 



THE NEW GRANGE 

AT GREENCASTLE, 

FRANKLIN COUNTY 

The organization of the above 
Grange was reported as follows by the 
Franklin Repository: 

"A large group of prominent citi- 
zens from Greencastle and Antrim 
township assembled at the Greencastle 
High School Tuesday evening to per- 
fect a Grange organization for the 
Greencastle community. The new 
Grange is to be known as Greencastle 
Grange and it will meet regularly on 
the second and fourth Tuesday of each 
month. 'J'he next regular meeting will 
be held on May 12th at which time 
items of interests are to be considered. 

"The Greencastle Grange was or- 
ganized by Howard G. P^isaman, Lec- 
turer of the Pennsylvania State 
Grange, and is the second Grange 



SALEM HOST TO 

NEAR-BY GRANGE 

Members of the Briar Creek Grange 
were guests of the Salem Grange on 
April 23d, when the regular weekly 
session was held. Each grange pre- 
pared a program and gave a display 
of the talent which their members pos- 
sessed. Briar Creek's program which 
consisted of duets, readings and solos 
was greatly enjoyed, as was Salem's 
program, during which the Grange 
commemorated the Arbor Day. 
Founding of the Grange by Saunders 
was also commemorated in the pro- 
gram, with Royal Varner, Salem 
Grange master, giving a biographical 
sketch of his life. 



which Mr. Eisaman has organized in 
Franklin County during the past two 
weeks. Grange organization work is 
well under way in the Path Valley Dis- 
trict where a Grange will be organ- 
ized at Dry Run within the next 
month. 

"The Grange enjoys a remarkable 
record of service among the rural peo- 
ple of America, where for the past 65 
years it has ever been in the fore, 
using its influence to build a higher 
standard of life in rural America. 
The Grange concerns itself with the 

^^_ _ legislative, cooperative, social, com- 

gaveVwo excellent toe dances. This munity, technical and moral interests 
was followed by a duet by the Misses I of the farm, the farm home and the 



horse shoe pitching at the Farm 
Show held at Harrisburg. Any rural 
organization interested in entering the 
dramatics or horseshoe pitching con- 
tests should inform Miss Anne Forbes 
or Farm Agent F. S. Bucher, of the 
Agricultural Extension Association. 

Officers elected by the committee 
are: Chairman, H. R. Metzler, Para- 
dise R. D. 1 ; secretary, Mrs. Char- 
lotte Ruppin, Akron; publicity direc- 
tor, Mrs. Harrison S. Nolt, Columbia 
R. D. 1 ; and treasurer, Leslie I. Bol- 
ton, Holtwood. 

Organizations represented at the 
meeting were as follows: Pomona 
Grange, Mrs. Charlotte Ruppin; Col- 
erain Grange, Dora M. Rhoads; Un- 
ion Presbyterian church, Mrs. Almus- 
Shoemaker; Fulton Grange, Mrs. 
Leonard C. Brown, Mary McCum- 
mings, A. Jennette McCummings and 
James P. Charles; Farm Women So- 
ciety, Mrs. H. S. Nolt; church or- 
ganization, Mrs. Samuel Mohler; 
Woman's Missionary Society oi Chest- 
nut Level, Mrs. Clarence Boyd; Para- 
dise Parent Teachers' Association, H. 
R. Metzler and Friendly Circle of 
Rural Women, Mrs. Leslie Marrow. 



WILL BUILD GRANGE HALL 

At a joint meeting of Union City 
Grange and the Grange Building As- 
sociation reports of the canvassing 
committee for the sale of stock for 
the erection of a new store building 
and hall on the site of the one re- 
cently destroyed by fire, was so en- 
couraging that it was decided to pro- 
ceed at once with the work of con- 
struction and it will now be but a few 
months until the Grange will again 
be meeting in their own home. 



Leota and Mildred Peters, who sang 
"Just a Cabin in the Hills," and "To 
Whom It May Concern.'* After the 
selections of the last two contestants 
all contestants formed a violin band 
and played several selections. 

Following these selections an in- 
strumental quartet consisting of the 
Messrs. Boyer, Reed and McKelvey, 
violinists, and R. Robinson, cornetist, 
played "Moonlight on the River Col- 
orado," and "Somewhere in Old 
Wyoming." 

While the judges were coming to 
their decisions the violin band played 
several more selections. Ralph Reed 
was called upon to clog to their music 
and he did so very cleverly. Mr. 
Beatty, of Dayton, then sang a solo. 
Following this the judges' decision 
was announced which follows: 

First — F. N. Uplinger, who received 
a new violin case. 

Second — G. W. Cleaver, who re- 
ceived a new violin bow. 

Third — B. E. Stear, who received a 
set of violin strings. 

Those taking part in the contest 
were B. E. Spear, W. G. Huber, G. 
W. Clever, A. L. Beck, W. W. Wag- 
ner, J. Hayes, Miles Rupp, Mrs. Ma- 
bel Hilberry, M. J. Uplinger, J. J. 
Brown and A. C. White. 



BUILD MANY GRANGE HALLS 

Those who see only deterioration 
and gloom associated with rural af- 
fairs and the future prospects for agri- 
cultural communities, do well to take 
note of some interesting things that 
are happening in country towns. 

For example, during the past 10 
years, in the strictly rural localities 
ot the United States, more than 500 
new Grange Halls have been built and 
aedicated, representing a total ex- 
penditure of not less than $4,000,000, 
A^ii v * contents and equipment. 
AH these halls constitute distinct com- 
"jnnity centers and are the scene of 
cherry rural activities. 



GRANGE MET AT 

MIDDLE SPRING 

Middle Spring Grange, No. 1728, 
met on regular meeting night, Friday, 
May 15th, at 8 o'clock, with the newly 
organized Grange of Culbertson in 
Franklin County as the guest of 
honor. 

The program for the evening con- 
sisted of the usual business meeting 
and included: Opening song, Amer- 
ica; selections by the orchestra; roll 
call; "A Merry Mix-up," reading by 
Mrs. John Fogelsonger ; vocal duet by 
Mrs. Wilbur Plasterer and Mrs. Ailia 
Stine; musical reading, "Who Done 
the Courting," by Worthy Master Mil- 
lard Fitzgerald; solo, "Robin's Ad- 
vice," by Miss Helen Fogelsanger; 
readings by Romaine and Ruth Fitz- 
gerald; closing song, "Now the Busy 
Day Is Done." 



rural community." 

The Mercershurg Journal had the 
following comment on the above which 
is of interest to all members of the 
Order: 

"When we read the clipping we re- 
membered of hearing some of the 
older men of the community talking 
of a Grange which was quite flourish- 
ing and which, if we recall correctly, 
was affiliated with the Greencastle 
Grange of that day. About twenty 
years ago Peters Township had a 
Grange which met in the school build- 
ing at Lehmasters. Interest in it was 
well sustained for a time, but its life 
was short, although the benefits de- 
rived were acknowledged and through 
it a number of beneficial public meet- 
ings were held in the interests of fruit 
culture, dairy business, poultry rais- 
ing, etc. 

"W^e see no reason why the farmers 
of Peters and Montgomery Townships, 
with their families, might not unite 
in forming a Grange which would be 
a worth-while one, and which, as in 
former days, could unite with Green- 
castle at times for joint meetings. In 
these days of automobiles, the distance 
is of no consequence. 

"For both social and business rea- 
sons, Granges are important in the 
life of those whose interests are placed 
in the country, with its problems in 
the line agricultural." 



BOILING SPRINGS 

GRANGE INITIATES 

CLASS OF CANDIDATES 

Boiling Springs Grange met on- 
May 19, 1931, and conferred the 
Third and Fourth Degrees on a class 
of twelve candidates. The regular 
Degree Team of Boiling Springs 
Grange, of which Past Master Wil- 
liam Bucher is Master, conferred the- 
Degrees. The pantomimes and stage 
work were in charge of Mrs. Foster 
B. Shughart, assisted by nine girls of 
the Grange. 

Brother George W. Schuler, of 
Berks County, Overseer of the State- 
C J range, was present and gave all t he- 
Unwritten Work and a very timely 
and instructive address. The Secret 
Work was exemplified by State Dep- 
uty George E. Wilson, assisted by 
Jacob Meixel, Past State Deputy. 
Five Granges of Cumberland County, 
other than Boiling Springs Grange- 
were represented. Brothers Wilt and 
Diller and wives represented Valley 
Grange of York County. Six Past 
Masters from different Granges were 
present. The evening was one long 
to be remembered. The Kitchen 
Committee was very active, much to 
the satisfaction of all. 



LANCASTER COUNTY 

ORGANIZES FOR DRAMATICS 

The executive committee of the Lan- 
caster County Agricultural Extension 
Association, has endorsed a program 
of recreation to be undertaken for the 
benefit of rural people. Tentative 
plans announced Thursday, following 
a meeting of interested rural leaders, 
call for a county-wide contest in 
dramatics. The group decided to 
sponsor a training school for amateur 
dramatics beginning next September 
and four rural organizations have al- 
ready signified an intention to enter 
the one-act play dramatic tournament 
next fall. 

Interest has been heightened 
throughout Pennsylvania due to the 
state contests in rural dramatics and 



PLANTS 

Sent by Express or Parcel Post 5000- 

Leading Varieties F.O.B. or more 

100 500 1000 Per M 

Cabbage f .« fl.OO |1.66 |1.60> 

Cauliflower 76 S.OO S.&O S.00> 

Tomato 60 1.16 l.SO 1.66 

Pepper 86 t.a6 8.75 8.60 

Sweet Potato 70 1.86 S.OO 8.90* 

Beets, Lettuce, 

B. Sprouts 60 1.50 8.60 8.86> 

Catalog Free 
C. E. FIELD. Bewe ll. New Jersey 

ENGINE REPAIR PARTS 

TO ALL OWNERS of Gasoline Engines 
with the following trade name : Alamo. 
Avery, Dairy King, Empire. Qalion. Flying 
Dutchman, Hoosier, Lansing, Lindsay, Pidg- 
eon-Thomas, Sbarpless and Rock Island ; 
manufactured by the Alamo Engine Com- 
pany of Hillsdale, Michigan. We own the 
entire stock of repair parts. Including pat- 
terns and Jigs for the continuance of service 
for above engines. If unable to secure re- 
pairs from your dealer, order direct from 
our factory. We also handle repairs for 
the Moline Universal Tractor and maintain > 

complete machine shop. Stephknb Service 
Company, Box L36. Freeport. Illinois. 



Can Washers 

for firm*, dairiet and erram 
•tation*. Practical, Economical. 
Steams and iterilizea dairy (>quip- 
menti perfectly. Twomodric Tbn 
illustration ibow* the Mnaller lize 
No. 2. Request Particulars. 
PMTMa Hit. Ce.. RaUMdkk I 

U. 8. Patent No. 1783321 




mm 



Page 14 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



June, 1931 I june» 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page IS 



Our Juvenile Granges 

Olara E. Dewey, Waterford 



Motto — Prepare in Happy Child- 
hood for Intelligent Manhood and 
Womanhood. 
Dear Juveniles: 

And again it is June and some 
schools are out and some just about 
done. Now we can put more thought 
on our Grange meetings as study time 
and examinations are over. I hope all 
passed and will be going on into new 
grades another year. 

Don't you love the month of June 
with its beautiful roses and other 
flowers? Older Juveniles will like the 
description of June by James Kussell 
Lowell in his poem "The Vision of 
Sir Launfal." How many have read 
it? He tells how everything is be- 
ginning to grow, how the little birds 
build their nests and sing with the 
joy of living, how in June we are all 
"happy now because God wills it." 
Won't you read it and write me how 
you like it? 

June 

I knew that you were coming, June, I 

knew that you were coming, 
For every warbler in the wood a song 

of joy was humming. 
J know that you are here, June, I 

know that you are here — 
"The fairy month, the merry month, 

the laughter of the year. 

— Douglass Malloch. 



Program Suggestions 

This month we might have a Flag 
Day program and maybe entertain the 
Big Grange. There are so many 
poems about the flag. A paper on the 
Origin of the Flag, talk on how the 
flag should be used, story of how "The 
Star Spangled Banner" came to be 
written could be given. 

The poem "The Name of Old 
• Glory" by James Whitcomb Riley 
.could be given as a recitation or used 
as a little play. 

Then there is Father's Day. We 
might give him a program, too. 

The Juvenile Grange of West Green 
in Erie Co. entertained the older 
Grange and their friends with a 
Mother's Day program, under the di- 



rection of their Matron, Mrs. Edward 
Rose. This Juvenile Grange is a live- 
ly bunch of youngsters. 

The Union City Juvenile Grange 
are nicely located, after the fire which 
destroyed their hall, in the dining 
room of the G. A. R. hall. They have 
already started a fund for the pur- 
chase of a piano to replace the one 
which burned. 



Here are some flag poems you could 
use. 

Our Flag 

There are many flags in many lands. 
There are flags of every hue. 

But there is no flag in any land 
Like our own Red, White, and Blue. 

Then "Hurrah for the flag!" our 
country's flag. 
Its stripes and white stars, too; 
There is no flag in any land 
Like our own Red, White, and Blue. 
— Mary Ilowliston. 



Take strips of red, white and blue 
crepe paper, have the children hold 
them, an end in each hand. As the 
color is mentioned in the song they 
raise the paper of that color so that 
at the end of the chorus the three col- 
ors are shown in festoons on each side 
of a center figure who raises a flag 
during the last line. Many school 
song books have this song. Songs for 
All is one of them. 

Charles Sumner once said "There 
is the National flag! He must be cold 
indeed who can look upon its folds 
rippling in the breeze without pride of 
country. If he be in a foreign land 
the flag is companionship and coun- 
try itself with all its endearments." 



Flag Song 



Hurrah! Hurrah! the dear old flag! 

I like to see it wave. 
It ripples in the breeze so bright, 

It seems so strong and brave. 

I love the flag, the dear old flag; 

It thrills me through and through. 
Beneath its folds I'm not afraid ; 

It's home and country, too. 

Other flag poems are "Hats OfF" by 
H. H. Bennett, "A Song for Flag 
Day," by Wilber D. Nesbit, "A Song 
for Our Flag" by Margaret Sangster. 

There is a pretty song, "How Betsy 
Made the Flag" the chorus of which 
goes as follows: 

So she took some red for the blood 
they shed. 
Some white for purity, 
Some stars so bright from the sky 
o'er head, 
Some blue for loyalty, 
And sewed them all together for loyal 
hearts and true, 
And hand in hand as one we stand 
For the Red, White and Blue. 



Questions to Answer 

Who made the first flag? At whose 
requests Why did they choose thir- 
teen stars and bars? What color are 
the stars and on what color are they 
placed? How are the stripes ar- 
ranged ? What names are given to our 
flag^ Is our flag today the same as 
the first one? 



Here are two verses of a poem writ- 
ten by a man born in Ireland but who 
is now a loyal American citizen : 

The Flag 

Symbol of hope to me and to mine 

and to all who aspire to be free. 
Ever your golden stars may shine 

from the east to the western 

sea; 
Ever your golden stars may shine, 

and ever your stripes may 

gleam 
To lead us on from the deeds we do 

to the greater deeds that we 

dream. 

Here is our love to you, flag of the 

free, and flag of the tried and 

true; 
Here is our love to the streaming 

stripes and your stars in a field 

of blue; 
Native or foreign, we're children all 

of the land over which you fly. 
And native or foreign, we love the 

land for which it were sweet to 

die. 

— Denis A. McCarthy. 



It is time now, for another bird let- 
ter. This time we will try to interest 
you in one of our later arrivals. When 



the leaves begin to appear on the trees 
you may some day hear a sort of 
whistled song that has not reached 
you earlier in the season. A little ob- 
servation may reveal the black and 
orange colors of the Baltimore Oriole. 
This is the male bird and in about a 
week, if you watch, you may see the 
female. She is not so brilliantly col- 
ored, but when it comes to nest build- 
ing she is an architect of no mean 
ability. Watch them and you will see 
the male going all over the garden 
searching for hair, silk, thread, leaf 
stems, and other materials that may 
be used in the construction of their 
hanging nest. He carries this to the 
end of a branch, usually where two 
small twigs separate and there they 
hang their wonderful home. They 
seem to prefer an elm tree and put 
the nest so far out on the twig that a 
cat cannot reach it. We have often 
wondered if the bird knows how 
strong elm limbs are, and selects the 
tree on that account. The female 
seemed to do all the weaving and 
makes the nest about eight inches 
deep and strong enough so that 
storms do not affect it. In a few days 
the nest will contain from four to sij 
white eggs scrawled with brown and 
black lines. When these hatch into 
young birds, both parents must be 
doubly busy, getting food for the fam- 
ily. Then you can see them going 
carefully over the trees and leaves, 
gathering insects. Most of the food 
is made up of these enemies of man, 
especially the tussock, and gypsy 
moths, and the hairy and brown tail 
catterpillars. Sometimes they do eat 
a little fruit, but surely we can well 
spare them this little diversion. 

This is a very friendly bird and 
seems to prefer to live near people, in 
our shade trees or orchards. Unfor- 
tunately they do not stay with us for 
a very long season, but leaves us even 
before the leaves have fallen in au- 
tumn. When we miss them, from the 
accustomed trees, we can be assured 
that winter, with its snow, skiing, and 
skating is approaching and that we 
should prepare for it. 

You may wonder why this bird 
called the Baltimore Oriole. History 
tells us that the bird was first seen 
and described in Maryland. A nat- 
uralist of England noticed that the 
colors of the bird were the same as 
those of the family of Lord Baltimore, 
so he gave it the name by which we 
know it. 





The ability to set tobacco plants In "checks' vy uiachln-ery is now an acxiompusnca laci. Lntu tiie uiiroduction ol the IRON AGE Check-Row 
Transplanter, all tobacco set In "checks" was set by hand. Setting plants In checks permlU cultivation both lengthwise and crosswise The 
photograph above shows the Transplanter in operation iii LAncaster County, Pa. — one of the largest tobacco districts in this country where some 
growers have been able to eliminate all hand hoeing. The photograph of the growing tobacoo was made looking diagonally across the rows The 
Transplanter was also sucoessfully used last season in Prince George County, Md. A. B. Farquhar Co., Limited, York. Pa., are distributors of 
JRON AGE Machinery. 



POMONA HOME ECONOMICS CHAIRMEN 



County 



Name 



Address 



Allegheny Mrs- 
Armstrong Mrs. 

Beaver -J}"- 

^fll :::::::::::::K 
^Ifr :::::: Mrs. 

Badford M". 

D„pU8 Mrs. 

L Bucks & Phlla Mrs. 

Butler 5fl!?' 

Cambria JJ"- 

Center • Mrs. 

Chester & Del Mrs. 

Clarion °^J^- 

r-learfleld Mrs. 

Columbia & N. Luzerne. Miss 

Crawford . Miss 

Cumberrland Mrs. 

Dauphin Mrs- 
Elk Mrs. 

Erie Mrs. 

Fayette Mrs. 

Greene Jjrs. 

Huntingdon Mrs. 

Indiana Mrs. 

Jefferson Mrs. 

Juniata Mrs. 

Lancaster Mrs. 

Lawrence Mrs. 

Lebanon •• • -Mrs. 

Lehigh & Northampton. Miss 

Mercer Mrs. 

Montgomery Miss 

Northumberland ... 
Montour & Union . . 
S. Northumberland 

& Snyder 

Perry Mrs. 

Potter Miss 

Schuylkill Mrs. 

Somerset Mrs. 

Susquehanna Miss 

Tioga Mrs. 

Warren Mrs. 

Washington Miss 

Wayne Mrs. 

Westmoreland Mrs. 

Wyoming Mrs. 

York Mrs. 



Harry Maglll Tarentum, Pa., R. D. 

R. K. Otterman Freeport, Pa., R. D. 1. 

Geo. Louthan Darlington, Pa. 

Mary Rltchey Loysburg, Pa. 

Geo. Schaeffer Kutztown, Pa., R. D. 1. 

O. R. StifBer Hollidaysburg, Pa. 

Geo. S. Kingsley Towanda, Pa., R. D. 4. 

Reuben Martin Chalfont, Pa. 

Mae E. Newbold Langhorne, Pa. 

H. E. Kennedy Cabot, Pa., R. D. 1. 

Nellie Edwards Ebensburg, Pa. 

C. H. Eungard Spring Mills, Pa. 

Sara Cromwell Church Ave., West Chester, Pa. 

Frank Simpson Strattonville, Pa. 

O. D. Gearhart Clearfield, Pa., R. D. 

Sara Reece Millville, Pa. 

Retta Crumb Linesville, Pa. 

E. H. Otto Carlisle, Pa., R. D. 6. 

D. A. Speece Dauphin, Pa., R. D. 

Elmer Anderson Mont Morenci, Ridgway, Pa. 

Geo. E. Dewey Waterford, Pa. 

Goldie T. Murtland Dawson, Pa., R. D. 

Henry Haught Waynesburg, Pa., R. D. 6. 

Anna Miller Huntingdon, Pa. 

Martha Cummins Indiana, Pa., R. D. 

Lenora Shields Baxter, Pa. 

John Pannebaker Miffllntown, Pa. 

Charlotte Ruppin Akron, Pa. 

J. W. Brewster Mahoningtown, Pa., R. D. 8. 

W. A. Zeller Myerstown, Pa., R. D. 3. 

Jennie Cole Northampton, Pa., R. D. 1. 

C. J. Robinson Mercer, Pa., R. D. 6. 

Ethel Beadles ZOiya Brown St., Norristown, P». 



Mrs. Mills Exchange Gr. Exchange, Pa. 



McNaughton Newport, Pa. 

Lucy Stone Harrison Valley, Pa. 

Harry Haverkost Barnesville, Pa. 

John Rhodes Berlin, Pa. 

Jennie Parks Susquehanna, Pa., R. D. 

Cora Lacey Crooked Creek, Pa., R. D. 

Mary Kidder North Warren, Pa. 

Mabel Ryburn Washington, Pa., R. D. 1. 

Keith Arnold Forest City, Pa., R. D. 2. 

T. C. Baughman Irwin, Pa., R. D. 4. 

Evelyn Ellsworth Meshoppen, Pa., R. D. 4. 

J. B. Williams Jacobus, Pa. 



Classified Department 



LIVE STOCK 



WHEN TOUR COW DOES NOT BREED — 

Why wait any longer? Try "Cowtone" 30 
minutes before service. (Smallest package, 
$1.70 for 2 cows; $4.90 for 8 cows.) Wood- 
lawn Farm, Linesville, Pennsylvania, Route 
No. 2, Box 86B. 

FORSGATE FARMS HOLSTEINS— Bulls 
from one month to serviceable age, 299-day 
herd average : 12,231 pounds milk ; 414.2 
pounds fat. Also a number of cows with 
records up to 18,619 pounds milk and 600 
pounds fat. Accredited and blood tested. 
Write for pedigrees and prices. Forsqate 
Farms, Jamesburg, N. J. 



Ees^oluttonsf of i^s^pect 



Under this heading will be printed resolutions adopted by 
Granges, for which a rate of 2 cents per word will be 
charged, cash to accompany copy. 



RAISLEY 

Whereas, It has been the divine will of 
our heavenly Father to remove from our 
midst Jane Dunn Raisley, a much respected 
and most worthy member of our Grange ; 
therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we, the members of Eureka 
Grange extend our sympathy to the bereaved 
family, drape our charter for thirty days, 
a copy of these resolutions be sent to the 
family and placed on our minutes ; also sub- 
mit the same for publication In the Butler 
tJagle and Pe.nnsylvania Grange News. 

Geo. E. Thomas. 
Claire L. Stevenson, 

Committee. 

HYDE 

Whereas, It has been the will of our 
heavenly Father to remove from our midst 
Sister Mary E. Hyde ; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we. the members of Buf- 
falo Grange, No. 531, extend our sympathy 
to the bereaved family, that our charter be 
draped for a period of thirty days, that a 
copy of these resolutions be sent to the be- 
reaved family, be put upon our minutes, and 
a copy published In the Grange News. 

W. C. Elder. 
G. W. Horn. 
Grace Corley. 

WAGONER 

Whereas, It has been the divine will of 
our heavenly Father to call from our midst, 
"'f beloved and esteemed friend. Brother 
t^ L. Wagoner, a charter member of Chip- 
pewa Orange, No. 1592 ; be it 

liesolvcd, That we. the members of Chip- 
rr^'* Vj"*"ge. No. 1592, extend our heartfelt 
sympathy to the bereaved family, in the loss 
01 a loving husband and father, and as a 



token of respect, drape our Charter for a 
period of thirty days, and be it further 

Resolved, That these resolutions be placed 
on our minutes, a copy sent to the family, 
and also be submitted for publication in the 
Pennsylvania Grange News. 

Mas. John C. T. Elder, 
George W. Louthan, 

Com,mittee. 
MILLER 

Whereas, It has been the will of our 
heavenly Father to call from our midst Sis- 
ter Gertrude Miller, be it 

Resolved, That we, the members of Spring 
Valley Grange, No. 814, bow in submission 
to the divine will, realizing that our loss is 
her gain ; further be it 

Resolved, That we drape our charter for 
thirty days, a copy of these resolutions be 
sent the bereaved family, also spread on the 
minutes of our order and published in the 
Grange News. 

Cabrix O. Cook, 
Cleg V. Bowser, 
Kathryn Hoover. 

HcCULLOUGH 

Whereas, Our heavenly Father, in His 
infinite wisdom, has called from our midst 
to a higher life our beloved Sister. Mrs. 
Helen Wray McCuUough, a member of our 
Grange, and 

Whereas, By her sudden death we are 
again reminded of the uncertainty of life; 
therefore, be It 

Resolved, That we, the members of Bell 
Township Grange, No. 175G. extend to the 
bereaved family our sincere sympathy. 

ETlsie L. Glass, 
Maktha Bbll, 
Sara E. Glass, 

Com.m,ittee. 



__FE RTILIZER PLACER 

IN-A-CIRCLE FERTILIZER PLACER 

puis material In a six-Inch ring around seed 
RPp/.?'''°? P'«"^- No fertilizer touches 
onp^ / P'""^' 55 00 delivered. Potatoes, 
anrt •« I°™atoe8. cabbage. Walk along, lift 
Cornpni°*»":r'^*^ '8 a"- "o'da 25 pounds. 
& «im! o^*i®*^ Agents wanted. Browning 
<^S0N. 308-10 Square Street. Utlca. N. Y. 

HAY, GRAIN, PRODUCE 



applM p?i5~~"*^' B^raw, grain, potatoes. 
maSt ^^^}"^^^' etc. Carloads pay highest 
Srn *Vp:J^«5- For Sale alfalfa hay, ear 
; *"■ Hamilton Co.. New Castle. Pa. 



MINERAL RODS 



8u?riit2^.^ KODS^Sold on all money-back 
arantee if not well satisfied after using it 



3 days. Mention this magazine when an- 
swering this advertisement. T. D. Robinson, 
Hox 68. Elgin. Texas. 



BABY CHICKS 



8. C. W. LEGHORN OHIOKS, from con- 
test winning stick. Special discount, early 
orders. Catalog free. Quality Poultry 
Farm, Montvllle, N. J. 



TANCRED WHITE LEGHORN CHICKS 
from Pennsylvania Accredited Flock. Book- 
let. North Poultry Farm. McAlistervlile, 



CAI PAR riRIT Insures good egg- 
V,^/\LiV^/\IV VXI\I 1 giieii texture and 

Increased hatchabillty. Unexcelled for tur- 
keys and poultry. Landis Stone Meal Co., 
Rheems, Pa. 



HERFORD CALVES AND YEARLINGS 

FOR SALE — Three hundred head extra good 
steer and heifer calves and yearlings ; have 
been well wintered, weigh from three to five 
hundred pounds. Cheap. If interested, come, 
or wire, as they won't last long at the 
price. Located one mile south of Hlllsboro, 
Ohio, on State Route 38. Henry Dunlap. 

BUY CANADIAN-BRiSD HOLSTEIN COWS 

and heifers freshening this spring. Ad- 
vanced Registration grading. You will like 
our type, breeding, size, and production. 
Healthy herds conveniently located close to 
the border to choose from. A few real good 
young bulls available. Write for listing and 
prices. Apply Director of Extension, 
Holstein-Friesian Association or Canada, 
Brantford, Ontario. 



Express, $1.25 per thousand. Cauliflower 
prepaid, 100, 60 cts. ; 200, $1.00 ; 500, 
$2.00; 1,000, $3.50. Critically assorted, 
moss packed, guaranteed. W. J. Myers, 
R. 2. Masslllon, Ohio. 

SOYBEANS FOR BALE — Wilson Early 
Black Soybeans, $2.75 ; Virginia Brown Soy- 
beans, $2.50; Mancbu Soybeans, $1.50 per 
bushel — all f. o. b., recleaned ; new crop seed 
of high germination of 85% up. Sacka free 
for orders up to May 15th. J. T. Vanden- 
BURo AND Son, BridgeviUe, Delaware. 



FROSTPROOF CABBAGE PLANTS, large 
openfield grown, true to name. Copenhagen 
and all leading varieties, 75c, 1,000. Ber- 
muda Onion plants, $1.00. Tomato. $1.25. 
Porto Rico Potato. $1.75. Ruby King Pep- 

§er. 50c 100, or $4.00 1.000. Brussel 
prouts. $1.00 per 1,000; Potatoes. $1.45. 
QmTMAN Plant Co., Quitman. Ga. 



DOGS 



PEDIGREE COLLIE PUPS — Real quality ; 
farm raised ; beautiful ; intelligent. Alaor 
Bmbden geese. Plummbr McCullouoh. 
Mercer, Pa. 



GUERNSEY BULLS llZc^SC'^^t 

Sons of Upland's Good Gift A.R., sire of 
Junior Champion, Pennsylvania Show, out 
of A.R. dams with records up to 700 lbs. 
lat. Herd Accredited and Blood Tested. 
Prices to suit times. Fritzlyn Farms. 
Plpersvllle. Pa. 



HONEY 



CLOVER HONEY, 10 lbs., $1.85; Buck- 
wheat, $1.65 ; postpaid, third zone. Com- 
plete list free. Samples, six cents. Koscuk 
F. WixsoN, Dundee, New York. 



PLANTS 



FROSTPROOF Cabbage Plants : Copen- 
hagen, Golden Acre, Charleston, Wakeheld. 
Glory Enkhuizen ; open held grown. Pre- 
paid 5U0. $1.25; l,ou0, $1.V5. Express 
collect, $1.00, 1,000. Tomato Plants. $1.00, 
1,000. Cauliflower Plants, $2.00. 1,000. 
Ruby King Pepper Plants, $1.75. 1,000. 
Potato Plants, $1.75. Prompt shipment, 
satisfaction guaranteed. Sims Potato Plant 
Co., Pembroke, Ga. 

BERMUDA ONION PLANTS— Make bigger 
and sweeter onions. Postpaid : 2uo, boc. ; 
5U0, $1.00 ; 1,000, $1.75. Transplanted 
Tomato, Pepper, Celery : 50, 65c. ; 100, 
;S1.10; 500. $5.00. Port Mellinger, Dept. 
PG, North Lima, Ohio. 

PLANTS POSTPAID, any lot 25c, (5 lots 
$1.00). Six Big Pansles. 3 Superb Dwarf 
Cannas, 3 Carnations, 3 Columbines, 2 
Delphiniums, 2 Daisies. 5 Gladiolus, 12 
Asparagus. 24 BeeU, 20 Cabbage, 18 Cault- 
Hower. 24 Lettuce, 20 Tomato. (Beet, Cab- 
bage, Lettuce, Tomato 100, 85c; 500, $3.75). 
100 Washington Asparagus. $1.00. Catalog. 
Glick's Plant Farm, Smoketown, Pa. 

GUARANTEED PLANTS— Prompt service. 
Cabbage, expressed: 1,000, $1.25; 5,000. 
$5.00. Postpaid : 200, 75c. ; 500, $1.60. 
Tomatoes, Peppers, expressed : 500, $1.25 ; 
1,000, $2.00. Postpaid: 200, $1.25; 500. 
$2.25. Buckeye Farms, Dept. H, Box 541, 
Youngstown, Ohio. 

MILLIONS fine field grown Tomato Plants ; 
Uenybest ; Marglobe ; New Stone ; Greater 
Baltimore. $1.25 M collect. Cabbage Plants, 
all varieties, any quantity. Quick, good de- 
livery guaranteed. C. Holcomb, Courtland, 
Virginia. 



WOMAN'S WANTS 



*A^\ DIRECT— From manufacturers. Send 
5b. 50 for not less than 120 assorted dishes, 
guaranteed, consisting of twelve of each 
cups, saucers, all sizes plates, sauce dlahea, 
oatmeals, sugar, creamer, platter, etc. Same 
on decorated one design, $9.00. Factory Im- 
perfections. Freight paid orer $1.00. 
Standard China Company 204 B'>'»»*^ 
New York City, Box 315. ' " 



PATCHWORK — 5 pounds clipplnas as- 
sorted colors. $1.00 ; four pounds blank*! 
'•emnants. $1.00; four pounds cretonne sam- 
ple pieces. $1.00 ; four pounds silk and 
cotton rug strips. $1.00. Pay postman plus 
postage. Large package sllka, 26c. Beautl- 
rul colors, postpaid. National Taxm.t 
Co.. flfii Main St., Cambridge. Mass. 



FOR SALE 



FOR SALE at a bargain — An acetylene 
plant, consisting of 3 burners ; tank, hold- 
ing 20 gallons ; lamp ; 2 heaters for cold 
weather. Will sell for $50; discarded for 
electric range. Mrs. James P. Dialurk, 
Dalton. Pa.. (Brae-Side). 



FEMALE AGENTS WANTED 



I'LL GIVE YOU A $11.00 GIFT BOX of 

exquisite, pure-silk Hosiery and luxurious 
Lingerie without cost simply for forming a 
Clover Hosiery Club. All your friends will 
want to Join. You get $12.00 worth of 
Hosiery and Lingerie as your reward. Send 
for full Information. I'll supply everything 
you need to form club Including a pair of 
beautiful pure-silk Hosiery — your size — also 
new Spring Style Folder from which you can 
select your Lingerie and Hosiery. Write for 
full Information. Clover Hosiery Com- 
pany, Lincoln St., Boston. Mass. 



POSITIONS WANTED 



GUARANTEED PLANTS — 24 hour service. 
Capacity 250,000 dally. Plants dug fresh for 
your order. Cabbage: Copenhagen. Glory, 
Ballhead, Savoy, Flatdutch, Golden Acre, 
Red. Postpaid: 1,000— $1.65 ; 500— $1.10 ; 
200 — 60c ; Expressed : 5,000 — $6.25 ; 10.000 
— $10.00. Onions: 500 — $1.00. Cauliflower 
and Broccoli: 50 — 35c; 100 — 60c; 500 — 
$1.75 ; 1,000 — $3.00. Transplanted Toma- 
tos. Celery. Asters. Peppers : 50^ — 65c ; 100 — 
$1.20. Port Melijnoer, Dept. PO, North 
Lima. Ohio. 

MILLIONS VEGETABLE PLANTS— Cab- 
bage, onion, tomato, beet. All varieties, 500. 
85c; 1.000, $1.35 prepaid; 5,000, $6.00 
express collect. Potato, sweet pepper, 600, 
$1.50 ; 1,000, $2.50 prepaid. Blueribbon 
FiJiST Farm, Franklin, Va. 

HIGH GRADE VEGETABLE PLANTS— 
Cabbage, onion, tomato, beet. Leading va- 
rieties, 500, 80c ; 1.000, $1.35 prepaid ; 
5.000. $6.00 express connect. Potato, sweet 
pepper. 500, $1.50; 1,000, $2.50 prepaid. 
Sunbeam Plant Farm, Franklin. Virginia. 

CABBAGE AND CAULIFLOWER PLANTS. 

— Ready May 25th to July 20th. Varieties 
cabbage: Golden, Acre, Copenhagen, Glory. 
Flatdutch. Ballhead. Prepaid 200. 65 cts. : 
400. $1.00; 700. $1.60; 1,000, $2.00; 



DO YOU NEED FARM HELP t— We have 
Jewish young men. able-bodied, some with, 
but mostly without experience, who want 
farm work. If you need a good, steady man, 
write for an order blank. Ours is not » 
commercial agency. We make no charge. 
The Jewish Agricultural Society, Inc., 
Box D. 301 K. 14th Street, New York City. 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 



ORANGE LETTER HEADS — They are 

beauties ; printed in two colors with emblea 
In the background. Ruled or unruled paper 
Send for samples. Oranqr News Omoa. 
Chambersburg, Pa. 



MISCELLANEOUS 

EARN a piano crocheting at home, spare 
time. No selling or Investment. No experi- 
ence needed. Braumuller Co., Union City, 

N. J. 



RED MITES IN POULTRY HOUSES poti 
tively destroyed by Dt-Mlte Spray. Thla 
powerful and lasting spray contains 8. P. 
F. Carbollneum, the guarantee of satisfac- 
tion. Write for circulars and proof. If 
your dealer does not carry our products, 
order direct from us : — $.63c per gal. in 66- 
gallon drum ; .78c per gal. in 30-gallon 
drum ; 1.25 per gal. In 6-gallon cans — F. O. 
B. cars destination. S. P. F. Wood-Prb- 
SERViNo Co., Inc., 238-A Main St., Cam- 
bridge. Mass. 



POULTRY 



QUALITY AT lOW PRICES. — 16 breeds; 
hens, cockerels, chicks, eggs. Write H. Z. 
Cleveland, McOrew, Nebraska. 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 16 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



June, 1931 




al Compensation Insurance 



Our policies furnish compensation protection as re- 
quired by the Compensation Act and in case of accident pays 
benefits according to the Act. 

We protect the employer 24 hours in the day, regardless 
of when or where an accident might occur. . 

We have always paid a dividend. 

This company was organized by the sawmill men, thresh- 
ermen and farmers and is controlled by these interests. 

WRITE for detailed information, as to costs, benefits, 
etc. 



Stop ! Look ! Listen ! 

One accident is likely to cost you more than 
insurance protection for a lifetime. A protection 
that will stand between you and a Court and Jury 
in case of an accident is an asset to every man 
employing labor of any description. 

Safety First Is a Good Motto 



I am interested in having Casualty Insurance for my help and 
protection for myself, 34 hours in the day. I estimate my payroll 

Occupation ..^...~~.......... ^... -— 

Name 

Address 



FINANCIAL STATEMENT 

DECEMBER 31, 1930 



ASSETS 

Cash 113,287.44 

Premiums in Course of Collection 26,921.51 

Premium Notes Receivable 8,170.59 

Investments 862,64542 

Accrued Interest 4,744.77 

Re-Insurance Recovered (Invest- 
ed) 2,831.42 



LIABILITIES 

Amounts Payable $88.34 

Premiums Paid in Advance .... 5,392.27 
Reserve for Unpaid Losses ....116,887.51 
Reserve for Unearned Premiums 85,966.46 

Reserve for Dividends 15,000.00 

Reserve for Unpaid Commissions 3,000.00 
Surplus 192,266.57 



$418,601.15 



$418,601.15 



A dividend of 20% is being paid to all 1930 policyholders. 



Automobile and Truck Insurance 



"SAVE MONEY BY GIVING US YOUR INSURANCE." This Company allows a discount of 25% from the Manual 
rates on all automobiles and trucks to start with. We write a Standard Policy. Fill in the at- 
tached blank and we will give you full information. 



Name 

A ddress 

Business _ 

Insurance Begins „ 19 Expires jp 

Name of Car and Model Series „ Year Model 

Type of Body ^ — Number of Cylinders 

Serial Number Motor Number 

Name of Truck Capacity or Weight. 



( Street and Number) 



^City) 



{State) 



Serial Number _ Motor Number 



LIST PRICE ACTUAL COST 



PURCHASED BY ASSURED— NEW OR 
SECOND HAND 



MONTH 



YEAR 



PENNSYLVANIA THRESHERMEN & FARMERS' MUTUAL CASUALTY INSURANCE CO. 

311 Mechanics Trust Building Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 

THE PEWWSTIVANIA THRESHERMEN * FARMERS' MUTUAL CASUALTY INSURANCE COMPANY ENDORSED BY THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE PENNSYLVANIA 
STATE GRANGE AS THE OFFICIAL GRANGE COMPANY TO WRITE COMPENSATION AND AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE FOR THE GRANGE MEMBERSHIP OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



r 



t>- i C3 {T A j^ Y 

itPl 1 1931 




Entertd as secoud-class matter at the Post Office at Harrisburg, Pa., under Act of Congress of March 6, l»7y 



VOL. XXVIII 



HARRISBURG, PA., JULY, 1931 



No. 4 



Next State Grange Session 
To Be Held at Dubois 

THE next State Grang-e will be held in Dubois, Clearfield County, Pa. 
Twenty-five years ago the State Grange met in the above named city, 

and your Worthy State Master was elected State Lecturer. Since that 
time he has been active, either as an official or a private in the ranks, and 
is entitled to the Silver Certificate. 

The Dubois Hotel has been selected as headquarters and Brother Kenzie 
Bagshaw, Hollidaysburg, Pa., will be in charge of room assignments for 
those who desire to be entertained at headquarters. Koom assignments at 
other hotels and private homes will be in charge of W. W. McCraight, Sec- 
retary Dubois Industrial Association, Dubois, Pa. In a later issue the names 
and rates of all hotels will be given. 

Tuesday evening, June 16th, Brother Bagshaw and the State Master, 
met the Pomona Masters from Elk, Jeiferson and Clearfield Counties, to- 
gether with the Worthy Gatekeeper, Brother Carr, Pomona Deputies, mem- 
bers of the Executive Committees, from the several counties, at the Dubois 
Hotel and made plans for the Big Annual Show. 

Committees were appointed, work assigned, and an active campaign for 
increased membership begun. The Grange leaders will make the most of 
their opportunity and build their Granges in the several counties. The 
three counties, above named, will join forces in entertaining State Grange, 
and will make an active campaign for a class of one thousand for the sixth 
degree. 

Further information will be given you later, relative to hotels, rates, 
means of access, and shortest route to travel. H. D. Allebach, member of the 
Executive Committee, will be Chairman of the Credential Committee, and 
have full charge of the mileage allowed. 



The Newer Ideals 

of Patriotism 

This subject fascinated me from the 
moment it was assigned to me — for 
since I had had the privilege of at- 
tending the Conference on the Cause 
and Cure of War in 1930, I have had 
the deep assurance that from this 
group of women's organizations study- 
ing together the causes of wars and 
their cure, would finally come — Peace. 
My first question on meeting Mrs. 
Catt was — Why is not the Grange rep- 
resented? — and the answer which was 
obvious — "This is a woman's convo- 
cation." We heard the representatives 
from Japan, England, France and 
Germany — Motherhood the world 
around seeking the way to Peace — 
seeking it diligently, prayerfully, 
thoughtfully, studiously. Seeking to 
replace war machinery bit by bit with 
peace machinery. 

This year the speaker for our Schol- 
arship Day at State College, which 
^as also Mother's Day, was Harry 
}?v 97^'8treet, B.A., of the College 
ot the City of New York, and I think 
ne brought the most inspired message 
01 the newer patriotism to which I 
nave ever listened, and graciously per- 
*nitted that I use it for the basis of 



my article. He said in part that in 
the outline of human history we have 
moved in three major patterns of life 
and are just now moving into the 
fourth. 

The first pattern was the fight pat- 
tern. The cave man, who with supe- 
rior strength or fleetness or endurance 
took from his fellow caveman. 

The second pattern was the ascetic 
— who withdrew from the struggle and 
lived for self, escaping from life — 
leaving the world out and again the 
world was the loser. 

The third pattern which too is pass- 
ing was industrial supremacy ; hu- 
manity on the scrap heap— winning 
for self and letting humanity go. 

But through all the ages a golden 
thread has run — a struggle upward 
toward the light and truth and in the 
new fourth pattern one shall win only 
when all win. When Pasteur won — 
the world won. This was true of 
Newton, Edison and others. And we 
shall have a new kind of patriotism 
counting only those victories and 
glories for our country that have con- 
tributed to the whole worlds better- 
ment. We gave the first educational 
system for all. England gave to the 
world Shakespeare, Keats and Shelley. 
Germany gave Goethe and much to 
music and science. So finally he who 



wins makes it possible for all to win. 

To help usher in this fourth pattern 
Dr. Overstreet in his treatise on 
Building Up the International Mind, 
says that we must build up new as- 
sociative linkage with such words as 
War, History and My Country. War 
has come throughout the centuries to 
be regarded as something natural, 
something to be expected and accepted 
— while with murder — we have built 
up an association on horror. Now 
should we teach history in which 
every war is dealt with in this fash- 
ion, 

"Again the peaceful development of 
art, industry and science are inter- 
rupted. Men are thrown into a fever 
of destructiveness, of suspicion, hate 
and cruelty. Man's reason and man's 
decency take a holiday. There is an 
interregnum of bloodshed and terror. 

"Let us try to find out whether the 
cause of this particular war lay (1) 
in some one's mental deficiency or (2) 
in some one's moral perversion. 

"If now we can accustom the child 
to associate the World War with men- 
tal and moral deficiency and deplor- 
able human weaknesses the bugle's 
blowing and the guns firing, dramatic 
as they are, will then have back of 
them the sense that some one has 
blundered, some one gone astray." 

He said in part: 

"When we say, 'My Country,' we 
have two ideas, love and defense. It 
is a picture of something to defend, 
something which we possess which 
breeds war. So we need to build up a 
new response to the words, 'My Coun- 
try,' that response no longer to be in 
terms of defense, of bigness, of threat 
to other lands, but rather in the terms 
of the finest possible contribution to 
the ongoing of mankind." 

"Science has never been linked with 
possession, but from the beginning 
with the vitalizing, civilizing idea of 
contribution to mankind. 

So the newest ideal of patriotism is 
that "My Country" shall make the 
greatest and finest contribution to- 
ward the international understanding 
and world peace — that "Peace on 
earth good will toward man" shall 
be attained and that "My Country" 
shall lead in attaining them. 

Those of us who had the privilege 
of attending the lecturer's short course 
enjoyed very much Dr. John Triz- 
zell's contribution to it, and I think 
we might well make this part of his 
prayer for peace, part of our daily 
prayer. 

"Oh God, Father Everlasting, in 
whom we have our being. Thou are 
art the very God of Peace; we make 
our earnest prayer to Thee for the 
passing of prejudice and suspicion 
and fear, for the uprooting of all that 
makes for strife, the scattering of 
those that delight in war, and the 
(Concluded on page 6.) 



Rostraver Grange^ 
Westmoreland Co., 
Leads Honor Roll 

Kecent reports at Pomona Granges 
showed the following gains in mem- 
bership listed by counties an d 
Granges. 

Wyoming County: 

Bowman's Creek ^ ... 23 

Factory ville '.\ ..... 9 

Tunkhannock 8 

Vernon 6 

Warren County: 

Brokenstraw 8 

Warren 5 ' 

Jefferson County : 

Revnoldsville 6 

Sugar Hill 13 

Lycoming County: 
Eldred 11 

Berks County: 

Gouglersville 20 

Kutztown 16 

Fleetwood 7 

Marion 6 

Bernville 8 

Westmoreland County: 

Derry Township 5 

Donegal 6 

Hempfield 24 

Rostraver 45 

Montour County: 

Exchange 15 

Northumberland County: 
Mt. Pleasant 6 

Butler County: 

West Sunbury 9 

Unionville 9 

Jackson 12 

Worth 11 

Royal 36 

Lawrence County: 
Plain Grove 11 

Greene County: 

East Franklin 7 

Bogusville 14 

Tioga County: 

Ogdensburg 28 

Middleridge 12 

Aurora 9 

Tioga Valley 6 

Wellsboro 6 



Indiana County: 
Savan 



6 



RESPONSES TO DUTY 



The following contributions for the 
Publishing Fund of Grange News are 
hereby acknowledged: 

Valley Grange, No. 1420 $2.00 

Bethel Grange, No. 851 5.00 



Page 2 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



July, 1931 



BLAIB POMONA GEANGE 

HOLDS SPBING MEETING 

Blair County Pomona Grange held 
its spring meeting in Sinking Valley 
Grange hall last Thursday and se- 
lected Bald Eagle Grange as place of 
holding its summer meeting on Au- 
gust 20th. The invitation of L. A. 
Woomer, representing Bald Eagle 
Grange, was accepted unanimously. 

The meeting was held in the new 
hall of Sinking Valley Grange, with 
H. R. Gwin, pomona master, presid- 
ing. Attendance was large. 

C. C. Fleck delivered the address of 
welcome and exhibited a picture of 
Pomona Grange, taken in Sinking 
Valley 30 years ago. In this picture 
noted David Coleman, master; Henry 
Wertz, secretary; William Decker 
and daughter, Mrs. Juniata Riggle; 
Mrs. David Coleman, all of whom are 
dead. F. M. Glasgow and Mrs. Wil- 
liam Henderson, of Logan Valley 
Grange, are living and Mrs. Hender- 
son was at the meeting. The picture 
was the property of Mrs. I. W. Ellen- 
berger, member of that Grange. C. S. 
Kniss made the response, speaking for 
T. S. Davis, county school superin- 
tendent. 

H. R. Gwin, master, who is also 
state deputy, made a report, stressing 
cooperative buying and discussing the 
tax problem. K. S. Bagshaw, former 
master, talked on the 20,000 mile road 
project, and John Shelly, Clover 
Creek, followed. Both outlined the 
legislative status of certain measures. 
S. A. Harshaw, Crawford County, 
chairman of the State Executive Com- 
mittee, spoke in humorous vein. Im- 
portance of interesting young people 
was discussed. C. A. Geist, Warriors 
Mark Grange master, member of 
Huntingdon Pomona, was a visiting 
speaker. Martin Waite, Sinking Val- 
ley, gave a Memorial day reading. 

The home economics program was 
in charge of Mrs. G. R. Stiffler, and 
consisted of a reading by Blanche 
Bagshaw, vocal duet by Mary Hast- 
ings and Alma Hileman, with Pearl 
Hileman pianist and a violin solo by 
Howard Bathurst. Mrs. Kathryn 
Snowberger conducted the memorial 
service, honoring seven members 
whose deaths had been reported in the 
year. 

Seven members of suborinate 
Granges received the fifth, or Pomona 
degree, Logan Valley degree team put- 
ting on the work. 

Social good fellowship characterized 
the day. There were 116 present in 
the morning and about 200 in the aft- 
ernoon. A delicious luncheon was 
served at noon. Announcement was 
made that John A. McSparran, secre- 
tary of agriculture and former master 
of the State Grange, would speak at 
the county Sunday school convention 
at Martinsburg next week. 



TEN WAYS TO KILL AN 

ORGANIZATION 

1. Miss as many meetings as you 
can. 

2. If you do attend, don't come on 
time but late. 

3. If the weather is not fine, donH 
think of going. 

4. If you attend, be sure and find 
fault with the work of officers and 
other members. 

6. Decline all offices, as it is easier 
to criticize than to do things. 

a. Get sore if you are not put on a 
committee, or if appointed, don't at- 
tend meetings. 

7. If chair asks your opinion, tell 
him you have none, but later tell oth- 
ers what should have been done. 

8. Do nothing except that absolute- 
ly necessary, and when others roll up 
their sleeves to help matters, howl be- 



cause of the clique running things. 

9. Delay your dues as long as you 
can and delay answering all letters. 

10. Don't bother about getting new 
members — "Let George do it." 



GRANGE CONSIDERS 

GARDEN'S ASSETS 

The Pineville Grange members 
were guests of Mr. and Mrs. Horace 
Bethel at their Rushland home on 
May 28th. A program relating to 
gardening was presented. 

The literary hour was opened by a 
solo by Miss Margaret R. Slack, fol- 
lowed by the roll call when men and 
women were asked to name their fa- 
vorite vegetables and how to prepare 
them. The tomato and the white po- 
tato seemed to be the* most popular 
although a number of other vegetables 
were named. 

"Is the farm garden an asset or a 
liability?" was the question assigned 
Alvan Tomlinson, who without any 
hesitancy replied in the affirmative. 
He said the garden on the farm is 
good for supplying good, fresh veg- 
etables and it is worth all the time 
and trouble it requires to keep it in 
condition. 

The second question of the evening, 
"Should the farm women help take 
care of the garden?" was assigned 
Harvey Jones, who said he always ap- 
preciated their assistance. He main- 
tained that the women can be a great 
help in planting, but that the prepar- 
ing of the soil and its cultivation 
should be left to the men because it is 
too hard for the women. 

Miss Margaret R. Slack brought 
the lecturer's hour to a close with a 
reading, "Under the Trees and Else- 
where." During the business meeting 
delegates to Pomona Grange which 
will meet at Edgewood on Wednes- 
day, June 2d, were appointed. 

The next meeting of the Grange 
will be held at the home of Mr. and 
Mrs. James Iden Smith, Pineville, on 
Monday evening, June 29th. The 
program for that meeting will be an- 
nounced later. 



BULL CREEK GRANGE 

The members of Bull Creek Grange, 
No. 1463, Patrons of Husbandrv of 
Millerstown, Pa., recently celebrated 
the Twentieth Anniversary of the 
founding of the Grange. 

A splendid address of welcome was 
given by the Master Milton Harvey. 
Mr. R. H. Bovard gave an interesting 
history of the Grange. 

The roll call of Past Masters was 
answered by all masters but one ab- 
sent member and one deceased mem- 
ber, Mr. B. W. Miller. 

Mrs. R. H. Bovard and Mrs. Milton 
Harvey conducted an impressive 
memorial service. 

Honorary court was splendidly car- 
ried out for the boys of the Grange 
who served in the world war, by Mrs. 
Wm. Harper. 

Readings, instrumental and vocal 
selections were also part of the pro- 
gram which was very much enjoyed. 

Following the program a buffet 
lunch was served. 

The guests and members departed 
feeling that the evening had been well 
spent by all. 

Mrs. J. L. Carnahan, 
Secy, of Bull Creek Grange, 

Millerstown, Pa. 



Barber: "Well, my little man, and 
how would you like your hair cut?" 

Small Boy : "If you please, sir, just 
like father's, and don't forget the little 
round hole at the top where the head 
comes through." — Witness and Can- 
adian Homestead. 



FIFTH DEGREE FEES 

AND MEMBERSHIP 

A number of inquiries have come 
to me during the past few weeks, rel- 
ative to the standing of those who 
went to Rochester last November to 
get the seventh degree. 

Some of the Patrons were obligated 
in the fifth degree and the question 
arises as to who gets the fee? The 
state in which the degrees are con- 
ferred gets and keeps the fees. The 
State Grange from which the Patrons 
go, lose the sixth degree fee and the 
Pomonas lose the fifth. 

The next question is, How shall the 
Patrons, who paid their fee and were 
obligated at Rochester, gain admission 
to their own Pomona? There should 
be no further charge on the part of 
Pomona. The application should be 
received and handled as prescribed by 
Grange law. 

In other words, the Patrons should 
not be asked to pay the fee twice. It 
is important that all who are obli- 
gated in the fifth degree, either with- 
in or without the State, should make 
application for membership in their 
own Pomona. Obligation in the fifth 
degree does not give membership in 
any Pomona. 

The fifth degree fee for both boys 
and men is $1.00, and the fee for girls 
and women is 50 cents. No exception 
being made for boys and girls under 
age. Members who lose their standing 
in the Subordinate Grange, lose their 
standing in the higher degrees. When 
their standing is restored in the Sub- 
ordinate, they must make application 
for membership in Pomona, pay a 
fee of 50 cents, be balloted for and 
accepted in accordance with Grange 
procedure. 



CAN YOU GUESS? 

Who may marry many a wife, and yet 
live single all his life? Ana. — A clergy, 
man. 

Why is a spider a good correspondent! 
Ans. — Because he drops a line by every 
post. 

Why is a black hen smarter than a 
white hen? Ans. — Because a black hen 
can lay a white egg and a white hen can- 
not lay a black egg. 



July, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



"I wish you'd help me with this 
problem. Dad," said a small boy, 
struggling with his homework. 

"Can't son," said Dad from behind 
his paper, "It wouldn't be right." 

"I don't suppose it would," said the 
boy, "but you might have tried." 



Every member of the Grange should 
add one member to the list. 



Plain Facts . . . 
New Grangers' Policy 



ANEW PLAN by which 
you can have perma- 
nent life insurance protection 
at lower cost. This plan means 
that for the first five years the 
premiums are approximately 
one-half the cost of an Ordi- 
nary Life Policy, that this 
policy carries conversion priv- 
ileses, and that it pays 
double the face of the policy 
in case of death by accident, 
for a small additional pre- 
mium. 

Secure one of these pol- 
icies from your own Granse 
Company, which gives you 
maximum life insurance serv- 
ice at minimum cost. 



Farmers & Traders Life 
Insurance Co. 

Home Office — State Tower Bids. 
Syracuse, N. V. 



i 




FARQUHAR 

LOW-DOWN 

Double Run 
Feed 



INTERCHANGEABLE DRILL 

CThis drill has but one lijpe of draq bar. Mag be equipped 
u;ilh pins or sprinqs; shouel openers or discs and inlerchanqe^ 
able. Can conuerl a hoe drill to a disc drill in 20 minutes. 

Lou?''Dou;n hoppers and standard AS^-inch u;heels; Double 
Run Qrain Feed; Star lUheel Forced Fertilizer Feed; accurately 
requlated qrass seeder. This drill is u?ell adapted for spring 
cultiualion of u?heat and the soujinq of clouer and alfalfa in the 
ujheal. Seed mag be broadcasted or sou7n Ihrouqh tubes and 
boots. Has U7ide ranqe of feed for qrain, peas, beans and fertilizer. 

Disc Openers haue the riqht "bite" ujhich assures a u;ide bottom 
furrou; in u?hich the roots are encouraqed to fullest qrouTth pro^ 
motinq maximum tillerinq or "stoolinq". 

Send for Bulletin 330, studg the superior aduantaqes of this 
Interchanqeable Drill and see a Farquhar Dealer before buginq 
a neu? Drill. It u?ill be qreatlg to gour benefit. 

A. B. FARQUHAR CO., Limited 

Box 363 ^ » » YORK, PA. 



Page 3 



Lines from Lloyd 



Fellow Patrons: 

It's good-bye this time. 

Inasmuch as the Worthy Master 
and the Executive Committee of State 
Grange have concluded that they can 
get along without my services as 
Business Manager of Pennsylvania 
Grange News, it behooves me to step 
out of office, throw down my tools, ex- 
tend my final handshake to our more 
than 80,000 readers, and to express my 
warmest thanks for their many mani- 
festations of sincere devotion. 

These ties of friendship which have 
bound us together meant much to me. 
Having Ijeen connected with this pub- 
lication since almost its infancy and 
watched its healthy growth and wid- 
ening influence, it seems like parting 
with a very dear and close friend when 
I draw the curtain. 

Before laying down my pen, I deem 
it my duty to evince some evidence of 
gratitude to those friends in the busi- 
ness world who have favored Grange 
News with publicity, especially at a 
time when it required much urging 
to induoe readers to sustain those who 
advertised. In addition permit me to 
say that Grange News occupies a po- 
sition somewhat unique. In no other 
state in the Union are there so many 
well-known publications devoted to 
agriculture, and furthermore this 
Commonwealth is flooded with farm 
papers printed in many other states — 
several of a high-grade character — 
monopolizing the field and appealing 
to those industries which expend huge 
sums for publicity. This condition 
naturally meant and still means a 
fierce struggle on the part of Grange 
Xews to convince prospects that our 
publication is a logical one through 
which to invite rural trade. 



Among those who have displayed a 
loyalty to Grange News in the way 
•f advertising and who are strong in 
the belief that "keeping everlastingly 
at it brings success," may be men- 
tioned: the Farquhar firm in York; 
The Patrons' Paint Works, of Brook- 
lyn; The Farmers' and Thresher- 
men s Ins. Co.; The Farmers and 
T 1 f S.^^^® Ins. Co. ; The American 
lei. & Tel. Co. In addition, there are 
those firms making and dealing in 
Grange badges and emblems have been 
constantly with us, as well as other 
houses who appear at seasonable in 
tervals. 



they must be filled with Grange activi- 
ties. It will not do for you to attempt 
to shift the responsibility by letting 
some one else do the work. You are 
the one that receives the benefits and 
it is your duty to help build up your 
own Grange membership. 

The National Master, Brother L. J. 
Taber, has issued a challenge to each 
Subordinate Master to be the first to 
get a new application for his or her 
Grange, and then challenge the other 
twelve officers to do the same. This is 
not impossible and can be done in 
every Grange in the State, if a de- 
termined effort is made. 

In return for the challenge of our 
National Master, I am challenging 
each member to secure one new ap- 
plication, or one reinstatement, for his 
or her Grange, on or before September 
30th. We have two hundred seventy 
thousand farmers in Pennsylvania, 
and only about seventy-five thousand 
of them in the Grange. Go and get 
the other two hundred thousand. 

You remember the song, "You 
bring the one next to you." That is 
just what I am trying to get you to 
do. I want a concerted effort made 
over the entire State, in each and 
every Grange, to increase our member- 
ship. Not by bringing in those who 
are not interested, or who might join 
for selfish purposes, but by getting all 
who are worthy and are interested in 
Grange work to join. Never sacrifice 
quality for quantity. 

This is no time to quit and attempt 
to excuse your action by saying that 
times are hard, money is scarce and 
I cannot afford to pay my dues. There 
has never been a time in the history 
of agriculture when the Grange was 
needed so much as now. You need the 
Grange and the Grange needs you. 
The need is mutual and the benefits 
derived will accrue to all who live in 
the community where the Grange is 
located. 



The Secretary's Column 



By John H. Light 



IT IS the purpose of this column to 
carry information to the entire 
membership with special reference 
to facts and statistics concerning the 
standing of Subordinate Granges. Ar- 
rearages in payment of Grange dues 
is the best indication of the decline of 
the Grange and it is a safe prediction 
that when a Grange fails to remit for 
two successive quarters it is a sure 
sign of dormancy. We are making 
desperate efforts to get all Granges to 
pay their dues on time. As Grange 
News goes to press all but fifty 
Granges have paid their dues for the 
quarter ending March 31, 1931. 

The quarterly report blanks for the 
quarter ending June 30, 1931, have 
been mailed and the first returns 
reached the Secretary's office on June 
15th. 

The most important work of a 
Grange Secretary is the duty of col- 
lecting Grange dues. Action was 
taken at the last meeting of the State 
Grange that aims to simplify the 
method and briefly stated it is, "Dues 



shall be payable quarterly, semi-an- 
nually or annually in advance; if 
dues are not paid by December Ist the 
Secretary shall notify the delinquent 
members. If dues remain unpaid by 
March of the following year such de- 
linquents may be dropped from the 
roll by vote of the Grange." These 
facts are all embodied in the arrearage 
notices sold by Grange Headquarters. 
With the close of the quarter ending 
June 30th, there remains but one 
quarter in the present Grange year. 
We mention this fact to urge imme- 
diate activity in all lines of Grange 
work. 

Evidently our Granges have for- 
gotten the Scholarship Fund created 
several years ago. It will be recalled 
that the interest of $2,500 will be 
made available as soon as the amount 
of $2,500 is raised. Only Grange girls 
of not less than two-years' membership 
can benefit by the Fund, and this 
worthy project is commended to the 
consideration of Granges and indi- 
viduals. 



ceremonies, which began just after 
10 : 30 a. m., the morning session set- 
tled down to business, and one of the 
first acts was the installation of D. E. 
Stone as three-year member of the 
executive committee. Worthy Master 
Hoppe conducted the obligation. 

Impressive Roll Call 



When you go after new members, 
try to impress the farmer with this 
fact, that no farmer organization will 
begin to give him as much for his 
money as the Grange. This has been 
proven by more than sixty years of 
unparalleled achievement. 

It is your organization. Go forth 
and fight for it. Act as though you 
had faith in its Object, its Principles 
and its Leadership. Put your soul 
into your work and let others know 
that you belong to the Grange and 
earnestly solicit their membership. 



I 



For a long term of years, I have 
a.(l the pleasure of furnishing the 
printed stationery used by members 
ot the official family of State Grange, 
T: ^° addition, a large quantity of 
}^^ required by local Granges 
throughout the State. 

^ur Worthy Master advises me that 
kLT\ *u .^^"tinue handling thi« 
2\^\' }^ ^i^'^"^^^ it will be accept- 

cordin'.lv^' ^'^^' ^* ^^^^^' «^d ^«" 
Th?a -iT ^^^*^ ™e this concession. 

thel!?- •f.^''' ^®^P ™e in touch with 
activities of our organization. 
Fraternally, 

Morris Lloyd. 



Th 



GRANGE MEMBERSHIP 



I 



^hip i\l, ^\^icate a loss in member- 
fitted i?^^* ?^,* *^ ^a^e been per- 
feporta fn. l""'^ ^^ recovered. The 
•^^h will ok ® <i"arter ending June 
•urease V, .^ ""^"^ pronounced in- 
'^^e up for To r* ^^'^^ ^^^"«^ t° 

^"Sfter of ^^^^'■^^ ^^°*^«' the last 
o: the Grange year left, and 



POMONA GRANGE 

MEETING ATTRACTS 

MANY TO GIBSON 
By Harold R. Everett 

A prominent feature of the June 
meeting of the Susquehanna County 
Pomona Grange, No. 7, which met 
with Gibson Star Grange at Gibson, 
Pa., on Wednesday, June 3d, was the 
largest attendance noted at all ses- 
sions during the day. On this date 
ideal weather, and the prospects of a 
pleasant drive for many parts of the 
county made an incentive for attend- 
ing, in addition to the ordinary at- 
tractions of the meeting, and perhaps 
the lack of any detracting feature was 
responsible for this splendid showing. 
An out-of-the-ordinary incident in 
this connection was furnished by 
South Auburn Grange sending a spe- 
cially designated and properly dec- 
orated truck to the meeting from way 
in the western part of the county, with 
a load of the members of the Sub- 
ordinate Grange located there. 

To better accommodate the attend- 
ance, the sessions were held in the 
church building, across the road from 
the Gibson Star Grange Hall. After 
the customary and proper opening 



A feature which has gained much 
prominence through its appealing 
qualities is the roll call of officers, 
which on this occasion was particu- 
larly impressive, because of the sub- 
ject of the response — "A Tribute to 
Motherhood." The special committee- 
members, as well as the regular 
officers, all of whom were present, par- 
ticipated in the response, for which 
they had come prepared, and despite 
the variety of the expressions offered, 
all combined in emphasizing the par- 
ticular tribute to Motherhood. 

With a few announcements concern- 
ing the remaining features on the 
program, and the appointment of 
committees for the day, recess for 
dinner was taken. 

Complete Deputies' Reports 

After participating in an enjoyable 
repast, the members reconvened for 
the afternoon session when one of the 
first items considered was the reading 
of credentials. Despite the fact that 
a small net loss in membership was 
noted, it was not felt that an unfavor- 
able situation with reference to the 
membership condition in the county 
was reflected in the report, and it has 
been suggested that perhaps the new 
ruling about dues being paid in ad- 
vance accounted to some extent for 
the results shown. The most complete 
deputies* reports observed at Pomona 
Grange in some time were given on 
this occasion, and a very definite in- 
sight into the Grange activity through- 
out the county could be determined 
therefrom. The following deputies re- 
ported : Brothers Fred Brown, Philip 
Wheaton, Bruce Carter, J. A. Fraser, 
N. H. Wilmarth and Sister Nettie 
Lamb. 

Because of the unusual interest and 
activity taken among the Granges in 
the matter of play production, an an- 
nouncement of interest was that the 
plans for organized dramatic efforts 
toward a county contest and elimina- 
tion to determine an entry for com- 
petition at next year's Farm Products 
Show are going forward. It was sug- 
gested that the important thing at 



present for the individual groups is to 
commence working up one or two 
plays, and to be prepared for joining 
the eliminations when the definite 
plans are completed and ready to be 
carried out. 

A featured item on the program was 
the report of the lecturers' conference 
by Sister Eula Decker, of Brooklyn 
Grange, one of three representatives 
from Susquehanna County who at- 
tended. Her report was most com- 
plete, and reflected the enthusiasm 
inspired by the conference as well as 
the practical benefits which are real- 
ized by any who have the privilege of 
attending. 

The Evening Session 

The attendance held up well for the 
evening session, and during the short 
business hour conducted immediately 
following the call to order, the bills 
for the day were presented and ap- 
proved for payment; the place-of- 
meeting committee reported the ac- 
ceptance of the invitation from Gib- 
son Grange to entertain Pomona at 
Gelatt in September; and the resolu- 
tions committee, composed of J. A. 
Fraser, A. L. Bowell and John M. 
Bunnell, presented its report. 

The Degree of Pomona, conferred 
by the regular officers to an unusually 
large class on this occasion, was ex- 
ceptionally well done, and, as usual, 
was an impressive contribution to the 
day's activity. It can safely be said 
that this Pomona Grange has an en- 
viable reputation for the excellence 
of its ritualistic work, and those par- 
ticipating in any ceremony are par- 
ticular to see that this reputation does 
not suffer at their hands. 



WHERE POTATO PLANTING 

PROMISES TO BE LARGE 

Information has reached Grange 
News that one of A. B. Farquhar 
Company's salesmen who recently re- 
turned from Maine's great potato 
fields, reports the sale of a large num- 
ber pf planters. The results being the 
shipment of several carloads of potato 
planters to Aroostic County as well as 
elsewhere in that state. 

This means that these machines 
made by Farquhar have been meeting 
with marked success. 



Our advertisers deserve your sup- 
Dort. 



TLGHTBINDING 



Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



July, 1931 



TO DO IT THEMSELVES 

A dispatch from Western Kansas says 
that 150 wheat growers In western Kansas 
who produce 27,000.000 bushels, have formed 
a United States Wheat Growers' Association 
and voted to hold their wheat for at least 
60 days after harvest for $1.00 a bushel. 
They also agreed not to seed wheat next 
fall unless the price goes to $1.00 a bushel. 
Plans were adopted to extend the association 
to other wheat-producing sections. 

Commenting on the merits or vir- 
tue of the above move suggested by 
our western wheat growers, the editor 
of the Rural New Yorker offers the 
following : 

"If this is to be taken as a move- 
ment of wheat-producing farmers of 
the whole country to take their prob- 
lem into their own hands, there is yet 
hope for the American wheat-grower. 
While a world surplus exists, however, 
and two years' surplus on our hands, 
150 growers are not likely to affect the 
market by holding their wheat for 60 
days. It is a practical policy to work 
off surpluses at prevailing prices in 
small shipments, holding a position in 
the markets and gradually adjusting 
production to market requirements. 
But when farmers take the busjness in 
their own hands they will find and 
adopt the most economic and efficient 
procedure in the marketing of prod- 
ucts. Their failures have always come 
from trusting the business to others 
and losing control of it for them- 
selves." 



RURAL PROSPERITY 

Must Underlie All Efforts to Pro- 
mote Improvement and Pleasure 

In the name of "rural progress" a 
lot of hot air is being exploded, 
through the press and from the plat- 
form, and it is no wonder dwellers in 
the open country grow very weary at 
the "relief programs" expounded as 
necessary to accomplish their salva 
tion. Once in a while a refreshing 
note is sounded by a real leader, and 
such a declaration is always sure of a 
hearty response from rural people 
everywhere. Such a message recently 
came from the head of the National 
Grange, Louis J. Taber. Mr. Taber 
said : 

"It is true that men cannot live by 
bread alone, and that the Grange 
renders its greatest service along so- 
cial, educational and community lines 
of activity. But we cannot escape the 
fact that high ideals, that mirth and 
music, that education and recreation, 
will not pay interest and taxes and 
that our organization, as a defender 
of rural life, must give part of its 
thought and some of its effort toward 
the correction of great economic in- 
equalities that affect the farmer." 



RASTTJS' PHILOSOPHY 

"l)e sunflower ain't de daisy, and de 

melon ain't de rose; 
Why is dey all so crazy to be sumfin 

else dat grows? 
Jes stick to de place you're planted, 

and do de bes you knows; 
Be de sunflower or de daisy, de melon 

or de rose, 
Don't be what yo ain't, jess yo be 

what yo is. 
If yo am not what yo are, den yo is^ 

not what yo is. 
If yo're jess a little tadpole, don't yo 

try to be de frog; 
If yo are de tail, don't yo try to wag 

de dawg. 
Pass de plate if you can't exhawt 

and preach; 
If yo're jess a little pebble, don't yo 

try to be de beach ; 
When a man is what he isn't, den he 

isn't what he is, 
An' as sure as I'm a-talking, he's 

a-gwine to get his." 




Group of Patrons, Recent Bradford County Pomona Meeting; Former 
Pomona Master and Mrs. Mahood Seen in the Foreground 



Patronize our advertisers. 



TOO MANY LAW BURDENS 

A western local paper prints the fol- 
lowing letter received by a banker 
from a resident of an Oklahoma town 
when pressed for payment on a note. 
It contains much food for thought : 

"It is impossible for me to send you 
a check in response to your request. 
My present financial condition is due 
to the effects of federal laws, state 
laws, county laws, corporation laws, 
by-laws, brother-in-laws, mother-in- 
laws, and outlaws that have been 
foisted upon an unsuspecting public. 
Through the various laws, I have been 
held down, held up, walked on, sat on, 
flattened and squeezed until I do not 
know where I am, what I am and why 
I am. 

"These laws compel me to pay a 
merchant's tax, capital stock tax, in- 
come tax, real estate tax, property tax, 
auto tax, gas tax, water tax, light tax, 
cigar tax, street tax, school tax, syn- 
tax and carpet tax. 

"The government has so governed 
my business that I do not know who 
owns it. I am suspected, expected, in- 
spected, disrespected, examined, re- 
examined, until all I know is that I'm 
supplicated for money for every 
known need, desire or hope of the hu- 
man race, and because I refuse to fall 
and go out and beg, borrow and steal 
money to give away, I am cussed and 
discussed, boycotted, talked to, talked 
about, lied to, lied about, held up, held 
down, and robbed until I am nearly 
ruined ; so the only reason I am cling- 
ing to life is to see what is coming 
next." 



BOARD CONTINUES 

PLANTING OF FISH 

Over 100,000 brook trout ranging 
in size from seven to ten inches were 
distributed in the streams and waters 
throughout the Commonwealth during 
the spring months by the Board of 
Fish Commissioners. 

The board also planted in the 
streams over 1,700,000 minnows. Min- 
nows are one of the most important 
species distributed as they supply 
food for trout, bass and other fish. 

At this time the Pleasant Mount, 
Torresdale, Union City, Tionesta and 
Erie Hatcheries are engaged in trans- 
porting millions of yellow perch and 
pike perch to suitable waters. 

The survey, which the board's rep- 
resentatives are making prior to dis- 
tribution, has covered sufficient waters 
to take care of this distribution. The 
best part of two years will be required 
in which to complete the survey of 
approved streams in each county and 
naturally this list will have to be 
added to from time to time, Commis- 
sioner Deibler said. 



Remove Rust and Dirt. — A brush 
and a can of kerosene are mighty 
good tools to loosen dirt and rust so 
that bearings may be adjusted prop- 
erly and bolts and nuts tightened. 



UPS AND DOWNS 

Mother — Did you call Mary up this 



morning 



2 



Daughter — Yes, but she wasn't 
down. 

Mother — But why didn't you call 
her down? 

Daughter — Because she wasn't up. 

Mother — Then call her up now and 
call her down for not being down when 
you called her up. 



PRINTS BOOK ON 

FIRE, PANIC RULES 

"Regulation for Protection from 
Fire and Panic" is the title of a pub. 
lication compiled by the Department 
of Labor and Industry which is ready 
for distribution. The volume is the 
1931 edition of the regulations of the 
State Industrial Board and the con- 
tents cover all classes of buildings as 
well as regulations for fire-proofing, 
emergency lighting, fire alarm sys- 
tems, storage and handling of photo- 
graphs and X-ray nitrocellulose films, 
fire escapes, and the operation of mo- 
tion picture projectors. The book also 
contains the text of the Fire and 
Panic Act of April 27, 1927, which ig 
the basis of all these regulations. 



VALUABLE ANIMAL 

Farmer's Wife (to druggist) - 
"Now, be sure and write plain on 
them bottles which is for the horse and 
which is for my husband. I don't 
want nothin' to happen to that horse 
before the spring plowin'." 



Our advertisers deserve your sup- 
port. 



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Quick Acting 
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Fine as Flour 
Low Cost 



AL<BA 
MARU 



LIME 

'Natural Soil Sweetener" 

Granulated (or 

Elasy Sowing 

Will Not Bum 



WRITE FOR GUARANTEED DELIVERED PRICES TO 

ALBA MARL LIME COMPANY, CHARLESTOWN, W. VA. 



PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY 

DO YOU WANT PAINT? 



fROM FACTORY 



TOE INGERSOLL WAY OF DOING BUSINESS 

OVER THE HEADS 
OF THE MIDDLEMEN 



TO CONSUMER 




•McuL i^yuw TO noneJ\^J^ £x PEN5E5 AN D PROFITS . ^gpf^tovytsT rostfu w* 

LET US SEND YOIT— FREE— the INGERSOLL PAINT BOOK— All about Paint wi. 
Painting— HOW to secure BEST RESULTS at LOWEST COST by using y 

INGERSOLL PAINTS 

Officially Endorsed by the National Grange in 1 874 
and in continuous use by Members of the Order ever since. 

Buy Direct, Save Middlemen's Profit 

In buying INGERSOLL PAINT— DIRECT from us, the manufacturer, in accordance witt 
Article 4, Declaration of Purposes, P. of H., you pay only the FACTORY PRICE for tW 
BEST QUALITY PAINT, that will give you LONG YEARS OF SERVICE, at a SAVING of 
11.00 to 11.60 a gallon on Store Pricet for good paint. WE GUARANTEE SATISFACTIOfl 

The Jobber, Dealer or Mail-Order Store may offer you a paint at our price, but— THE^ 
CANNOT GIVE YOU OUR QUALITY of paint at OUR LOW FACTORY PRICE, bectuie-; 
they MUST ADT^ to the Factory Price enough to cover the expensive cost of their sel""' 
methods, overhead charges, distribution expenses and Middlemen's profits, which you pW 
for, but receive NO RETURN in Paint Value. 

We Can Save You Half Your Paint Bills 

because our Factory Price for BEST QUALITY means a BIO SAVING on the cost of other 
f»*i?«?.'J^*A*^**.t*,^®"®'"*"y ^^88 than the Retail Price of low-grade paints, and bec«o» 
INGERSOLL PAINTS will give you TWICE the service. Dealers and Mail-Order Stor 
can offer jou low price paints— ONLY AT THE EXPENSE OF QUALITY. Any apP»J«'. 
saving In first cost by using cheap paints sold at Retail will be LOST MANY TIMES pyf\ 
in the expense of FREQUENT REPAINTING. Don't waste money. INGERSOLL PAlWj' 



have been In general use OVER 50 YEARS 
neighborhood 



- - money, xn v&xvov.li'U • — ^ 

We can refer you to Customers In J" 



•••The EDITOR of this paper recommends INGERSOLL PAINTS. 

SEND FOR INGERSOLL PAINT BOOK. FREE to YOU. It will show you how eM/ " 
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July, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 



Overseer Addresses Rotarians 



George Schuler, master of the Fleet- 
wood Grange, was the speaker at the 
weekly meeting of the Kutztown Ro- 
tary Club held at the Keystone Hotel 
Wednesday evening. Mr. Schuler has 
gotten to be quite an authority on 
problems pertaining to the farmer. 
He has done a great service not only 
to the county but as well as to the 
state through his study and research 
into these problems. He is called upon 
on many occasions to give talks at 
various gatherings and is always re- 
ceived with much enthusiasm. 

He started by saying that mutual 
dependence is most necessary. It is 
necessary in every line. No group is 
sufficient unto itself. Our prosperity, 
our happiness, in fact our very exist- 
ence is closely interwoven. 

"There are many forces to divide 
city and country and not enough 
agencies to bring them together. Stop 
for one short year the hand that tills 
the soil and famine and starvation 
will inevitably depopulate the globe," 
Mr. Schuler said. 

"History tells us that before a na- 
tion can have great cities, financial 
institutions or permanent progress it 
must develop its agriculture sufficient- 
ly to produce the major needs of its 
people. 

"The city is the farmer's best cus- 
tomer. Agriculture in exchange con- 
sumes directly or indirectly from 
twenty to thirty per cent of the manu- 
factured goods of the nation. This 
indicates that the rural purchasing 
power is responsible for a large per 
cent of the prosperity, growth, ma- 
terial advancement of every city in 
the Republic. 

"Since one of the principles of the 
Grange is more practical education, 
the State Grange decided to do some- 
thing tangible so they made them- 
selves responsible for $100,000 toward 
the building of a girls' dormitory at 
State College. Fleetwood Grange has 
contributed $700 towards this amount. 

"The work of the 4-H Clubs is a 
means of training up farmers and 
leaders for tomorrow. The meaning 
of 4-H is. Head— Heart— Hands — 



Health. These clubs are doing a great 
work and are recognized in this sec- 
tion. 

"The local Grange sponsors junior 
movements. A Braucher boy showed 
the prize heifer at the Reading fair 
and received a prize at the Kutztown 
fair. 

"The Grange is also interested in 
county fairs. They suggest that there 
should be better cooperation between 
the Granges and the smaller county 
fairs. 

"The Granges are raising a protest 
against the Federal Government for 
using in the army and other Federal 
institutions oleomargarine instead of 
butter. They also protest against the 
import from the Philippine Islands of 
palm oil which is in direct competi- 
tion with the dairy industry. 

"They are pleading for equality for 
those engaged in agriculture. Twen- 
ty-nine per cent of the population is 
represented in agriculture and yet 
they receive only eight per cent of the 
national income. The average farm 
income has decreased from $1,570 to 
$678 since 1919. 

"The farmer is often accused of be- 
ing inefficient, but from actual facts 
it is shown that they have increased 
their efficiency 47 per cent, while the 
manufacturer has only come up to a 
37 per cent increase. 

"The farmers must adjust these 
problems that face them through farm 
organizations and must think not of 
the personal advancement but of the 
greatest good for the greatest number. 

"If farming is not profitable, if we 
cannot maintain upon the soil, clear 
thinking, clean living, rural citizen- 
ship, the future of the Republic is in 
danger and the prosperity of the 
dwellers in our largest cities becomes 
uncertain. 

"Prosperity to be permanent must 
begin at the grass roots. American 
business needs to recognize this truth 
and to make it the basis of systematic 
efforts to promote national well-being. 
The only durable conquests, even in 
ages of barbarism were conquests 
made by the plow," the speaker con- 
cluded. 



THE NEWER IDEALS 

OF PATRIOTISM 

(Concluded from page 1.) 
strengthening of all peacemakers. We 
pray Thee for the establishing of so- 
cial justice and international friend- 
ship. Kindle in the hearts of all men 
the true love of peace. Make us 
gentle, courteous, forbearing and of 
good understanding, that in tranquil- 
lity Thy kingdom may grow until the 
earth is filled with the knowledge of 
Thy love." 

Susan Coolidge wrote: 
"He serves his country best 
>Vho lives pure life and doeth right- 
eous deed, 
And walks straight paths however 
others stray, 
And leaves his sons, as uttermost be- 

quest, 
A stainless record which all men 
may read; 
Ams IS the better way. 

"No drop but serves the slowly lifting 
tide; 

^0 dew but has an errand to some 

flower ; 
No smallest star but sheds some 

helpful ray, 
^ ^"""^ ^y man each helping all the 

^^«^e the the arm bulwark of the 
country's power; 
A nereis no better way." 

Mrs. Wm. D. Phillips. 



GRANGERS AT EDGEWOOD^ 

WELCOME NEW MEMBERS 

Edgewood Grange in session in the 
Woodside Community House Tuesday 
evening had a fairly good attendance. 

At this meeting, two new members 
were elected to the Grange member- 
ship. They were William W. Thomp- 
son and Anna B. Thompson, of Wood- 
side. 

Further plans were made for the 
cafeteria supper to be served in the 
Community House. The committee 
appointed to arrange for the supper 
consists of Mrs. Mabel Briggs, Mrs. 
Elizabeth Bowman, Mrs. Lillian 
Wright and the women's work com- 
mittee. 

The following questions were an- 
swered: "What Points Would I Con- 
sider in Buying a Farm," Milton 
Satterthwaite; "Does the Average 
Farmer Have More Conveniences in 
the Barn Than His Wife Has in the 
House?" Mrs. Sara Buckman; 
"Housecleaning Helps," Mrs. Anna 
Buckman; "Low Priced and Eco- 
nomical Water Systems," J. Warner 
Buckman. 

Announcement was made that Po- 
mona Grange will be held in the 
Woodside Community House, June 
3d, and Mrs. Emma Satterthwaite, 
William Buckman and Mrs. Ida Rowe 
were appointed delegates from Edge- 
wood Grange. 



HONOR AGED COUPLE 

Seated in their easy chairs in front 
of the open fireplace, Mr. and Mrs. 
C. L. Goodrich were entertaining a 
near neighbor, Mrs. Peter Kirschner, 
who had dropped in for an evening 
chat, when the curtains were drawn 
at Grange Hall Saturday evening. 

The scene had been arranged by 
Edinboro Grange in honor of the 50th 
wedding anniversary of Mr. and Mrs. 
Goodrich and was so realistic, so well 
arranged, that a hush came over the 
audience when the old fashioned scene 
was presented to view, and we know 
that the thoughts of many in the au- 
dience that completely filled the hall 
went back to years ago. 

The program that followed was 
most appropriate to the occasion. Mr. 
Prussia sang, "I Have Grown So Used 
to You." Harold Cole sang, "When 
Your Hair Has Turned to Silver," 
and the ensemble sang with spirit, 
"When You and I Were Young, Mag- 
gie." Mrs. Reason and Mrs. Hilewick 
gave a splendid duet, while other 
equally meritorious numbers filled in 
to make the splendid whole. 

Milton Culbertson, speaking in be- 
half of the Grange, presented Mr. and 
Mrs. Goodrich with purses of gold. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. Goodrich re- 
sponded with remarks that showed a 
deep feeling for the kindly remem- 
brances of their neighbors and mem- 
bers of the order. 

An interesting number on the pro- 
gram was the family history as given 
by C. W. Billings, which we reprint 
by permission. 

Following the program, the bride 
and groom were escorted to the dining 
room, where tables groaned under the 
weight of good things such as old time 
home makers know how to prepare. 
The bride's table was filled with mem- 
bers of the family and a few charter 
members of the lodge. 

Mr. Billings' article follows: 

Nearly four years before the Civil 
war these guests of ours were born, 
Carson Lee Goodrich on July 24, 
1857, and Ethleen Exerne Proudfit on 
September 9th, of the same year. He 
was born on the Townline Road, just 
south of the old Billings farm but 
spent much of his youth and young 
manhood on the old Goodrich farm, 
near the head of the lake. She was 
born at Eureka Corners on the For- 
rest Henry farm, but most of her 
younger life was spent on the old 
Proudfit farm northwest of Fov Cor- 



ners. A year or so before her mar- 
riage she spent a year in Iowa at 
Uncle Leonard Proudfit's home. 

On the day before her 24th birth- 
day, the bride and groom moved to 
Trout Run farm, where they have 
lived for nearly fifty years. 

Mr. Goodrich's mother was born in 
Ireland (Mary Ann Piatt). Mrs. 
Goodrich's grandfather came from 
Scotland. They both have English 
ancestry, too. 

Three girls and two boys were born 
on Trout Run Farm. There are nine 
grandchildren and two great-grand- 
daughters. 

The family, for the most part, has 
enjoyed good health. There has al- 
ways been "lots of going" and "lots 
of company." 

O. L. enjoys jollying folks, espe- 
cially the ladies. He has always been 
very fond of children. Etha's favor- 
ite pastime is going somewhere. Few 
enjoy an auto more than she. Yes, 
and writing letters, too. 

In 1913 they took a long trip to the 
Pacific coast, returning home by a 
different route. In 1920 they had a 
holiday trip to Ardmore, Oklahoma. 

They have for years been active 
members of the Advent Christian 
Church. The Grange has always 
meant a great deal to them. They 
attended State Grange at Williams- 
port and at State College. 



I DRAIN TILE 



Delivered prices quoted on request. 

THE L BIGLOW CO. New London, 0. 



ENGINE REPAIR PARTS 

TO ALL OWNERS of Gasoline Engines 
with the following trade name: Alamo, 
Avery, Dairy King. Empire, Gallon, Flying 
Dutchman, Hoosier, Lansing, Lindsay. Pldg- 
eon-Thomas, Sharpless and Rock Island ; 
manufactured by the Alamo Engine Com- 
pany of Hillsdale, Michigan. We own the 
entire stock of repair parts, including pat- 
terns and Jigs for the continuance of service 
for above engines. If unable to secure re- 
pairs from your dealer, order direct from 
our factory. We also handle repairs for 
the Mollne Universal Tractor and maintain 

complete machine shop. Stephens Servicb 
Company, Box L35, Freeport. Illinois. 

Excellent solid colored, registered 
Jersey Bull calf, 4 months old, from 
a great cow, at a bargain. Herd ac- 
credited. W. F. McSparran, Furniss, 
Pa. 



FARQUHAR 

POTATO 

DIGGERS 



INCREASE PROFITS 



The Farquhar Elevator 
Diffsrer contains every mod- 
ern device for rapid, cK-an 
(li.ri;iiiif. Puts the potatoes 
in a neat, compact row. 
ready for easiest and quick- 
est huiidlinir. They Iiave 
been proven right by the 
hardest kind of Held oper- 
ation. 




The Farquhar is the original risrid tonirue digger-can be barked, held over the 
row when durging on hillside and is li?ht of draft. Built with broad front roller or two 
wheel front truck. May l)e e«iuipped with level or hillside cleats ; also road rim. 

We also build the "Success Junior," the plow type digger for the smaller grower-the 

rage farmer s choice. Illustrated Catalog sent to any grower. 



average 



A. B. FARQUHAR CO., Limited 

Box 263, YORK, PA. 



TIGHT BINDING TEXT CUT OFF 



Page 6 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



July, 1931 



m 



m 



The Lecturers Comer 

By Howard G. Eisaman, State Lecturer 



M 



^ 

a 



The Middle Atlantic Grange Lec- 
turers Conference is only a few weeks 
away — at the University of Maryland, 
August 11, 12, 13 and 14. — Remember 
that this will be the outstanding 
Grange event of the year. Hundreds 
of Grange Patrons will be there from 
Pennsylvania, New York, New Jer- 
sey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia 
and West Virginia. This is your op- 
portunity to enjoy the finest and best 
vacation of your lifetime. By confer- 
ence time, the harvest in Pennsylva- 
nia will be over, you will be able to 
find a friend or neighbor who will 
look after the chores for you while 
you are away. So pack the family in 
the old Ford and I'll be a seein' you at 
College Park, Md. (Just outside of 
Washington, D. C.) Delegates at- 
tending the Conference will furnish 
their own bedding, towels and toilet 
articles. Send your registration to 
Howard G. Eisaman, East Springfield, 
Pa. 

What the Live Ones Do to Keep 
Alive 

Oleanings from Reports 

From Mrs. Dubbs, Lecturer, War- 
riors Mark Grange, Huntingdon 
County — "Once every three months 
we celebrate the birthdays of the 
Grangers whose birthdays occur dur- 
ing the three months. For example; 
those coming in January, February 
and March, we have a party on the 
second meeting night in February. 
We have refreshments, play games or 
have a mixed entertainment." 

From Mrs. Chas. Musser, Marion 
Center, Indiana County — "We have a 
fifteen piece orchestra in our Grange. 
I act in the capacity of pianist and 
director, and I'm real proud of the 
bunch, as half of them have never 
had any musical training, other than 
what I have given them." 

From Edna Burgess, Forkstown, 
Wyoming County. — "Our Pomona 
has voted to give five dollars to each 
subordinate Grange within its juris- 
diction, to establish a Lecturer's Li- 
brary, and one dollar each succeeding 
year." 

From Mrs. Marion S. Miller, Kim- 
berton, Chester County. — "May 27th, 
Sisters' part in contest — a play was 
given, ten sisters taking part. Mrs. 
W. E. Bustrong, impersonating Presi- 
dent of Leland Stanford University, 
announcing the caste as famous peo- 
ple — Madame Queen, even being pres- 
ent. Instrumental solos and readings 
were given. June 10th, — Brothers' 
part in contest — Eight brothers 
dressed as Hindus made a double 
quartette, which sang many beautiful 



songs. One of the members enter- 
tained with magic tricks." 

From Grace Hefft, Luzerne County. 
— '"We have an open meeting the last 
Saturday night of every month. It is 
a paid program, usually 25 cents. The 
program is usually talent outside the 
Grange." 

From Nina B. Gilbert, Michells 
Mills, Tioga County. — "The young 
people of the Grange put on a play; 
'Bashful Mr. Bobbs' — and our door 
receipts were $42.45." 

From Lloyd F. Wilcox, Farming- 
ton, Warren County. — "We staged a 
three-act play, "Captain Cranberry," 
presented largely by the younger 
members, — the proceeds for the 
Grange treasury amounted to $35.00." 

From Liola Jones, Susquehanna 
County. — "Our Grange put on a play 
at the Susquehanna County Fair, also 
entered a team — seven men, for the 
tug of war and broad jump, and won 
first prize in everything." 

From Martha S. Brown, Oxford, 
Chester County. — "Our first meeting 
in August was a picnic supper at the 
summer home of one of our members. 
The place was well named, Mt. Rocky. 
It is in Elk Township, not far from 
the Maryland line. Thirty of our 
members and twenty visitors partook 
of the delicious supper, served on ta- 
bles in the old orchard among the 
rocks. Corn was boiled in large ket- 
tles over open fires and 'doggies' were 
cooked on a camp stove beside the old 
smoke house. Water melons, cooled in 
the spring at the foot of the hill were 
served as dessert." 

From Irene Culbertson, Edinboro, 
Erie County. — "When we changed 
halls the first of the year, it was 
planned to have a new social commit- 
tee every three months. The first two 
committees handed in about two hun- 
dred dollars, after extra hall rent, etc., 
was paid. The third committee is go- 
ing strong. Every other Friday night, 
there is a dance and ice cream and 
cake served. The interest in Grange 
work is very good." 



SMALL EDITION 

Johnny in the country saw the first 
calf in his life. "Ooh, mother !" he ex- 
claimed, "look at the little condensed 
cow. 



» 



D. T. Thomas, Past Master of 
Mercer County Pomona, has recovered 
from his serious accident on the re- 
turn from the Pottsville State Meet- 
ing, to the extent that he is able to 
move about by the aid of crutches. 



CIDER PRESSES 

A Size for Every Need 

The proapecls for a bumper apple crop 
are most assuring. Only the choice fruit will 
be marketed The culls and UTind falls U7ill be 
conuerted inlo money bg pressing the cider 
oul of Ihem. Cider Press Operators anil make 

good money. Farquhar Cider Presses are _^___ 

buill in sizes suitable for Roadside marketing, the Indiuidual Orchard- 
isl and Custom Pressing. Illustrated Bulletin No. 126 u^ll be mailed 
free. Buy nou? at factory prices. 

Ji. B. FARQUHAR CO., Limiled Box 163 IJork, Pa. 




PERMANEin: PROSPERITY 
MUST BEGIN 

WITH AGRICULTURE 

The stability of business largely de- 
pends upon agriculture, according to 
the thoughts expressed by George F. 
Ruth, master of Pomona Grange, No. 
43, Patrons of Husbandry, at the 
quarterly meeting of that organiza- 
tion held in Marion Fire Hall on June 
2d. 

In presenting his quarterly report, 
Pomona Master Ruth took the posi- 
tion that if a permanent prosperity is 
to be established, it must begin on the 
farm where the raw products are 
grown for the larger number of manu- 
facturers. A ready sale for farm prod- 
ucts, he stated, would mean a more 
prosperous buying by those who follow 
agriculture. 

The meeting was largely attended 
and the 15 subordinate Granges were 
represented. Beside the report of Mr. 
Ruth, there were reports of standing 
and special committees. The after- 
noon was given over to Lecturer War- 
ren Blatt, who staged an interesting 
program of music, recitations and ad- 
dresses. Dinner was served by liie 
members of Marion Grange. 

"There are many problems which 
need our attention," said Pomona 
Master Ruth in presenting his report. 
"This depression is likely to stay with 
us until we have solved some of these 
problems. Tinkering with the tariff 
instead of giving relief to the farmer, 
wild speculation and abnormal condi- 
tions generally helped to bring about 
this unemployment. 

"Agriculturists ask for no special 
privileges, but only a square deal. 
Prosperity to be permanent must be- 
gin at the ground from which all 
wealth comes. The farmer in normal 
times is the largest purchaser of mai*- 
ufactured products and a prosperous 
agriculture is reflected in other in- 
dustries. 

"We do feel that it is unfair that 
the prices of farm products are as 
low, or on a lower level than in 1913, 
while the manufactured articles are 
as high as in 1929. 

SuRPUs OF Food 

"We also feel that there is some- 
thing wrong with our economic sys- 
tem when millions are starving with 
a large surplus of food at very low 
prices. 

"The subject of taxation will be felt 
more as incomes decrease. We have 
been spending as if the sky was the 
limit. This year the payment of taxes 
will become a real serious problem. 
The farmer by reason of low prices 
will find a large part of his income 
going for taxes which will be col- 
lected in spite of everything. Many 
will find the truth in the old adage, 
'There is nothing so sure as death and 
taxes.* And this tax money will be 
spent mostly by those paying very lit- 
tle tax. In the strictly rural town- 
ships 75 per cent pay only a small 
occupation tax which for road pur- 
poses amounts to $1.00 or less. The 
other 25 per cent who are the farm 
owners, really pay the tax. This bur- 
den falls doubly hard on them by rea- 
son of decreased income and a higher 
rate than in almost any other indus- 
try." 



A BETTER QUOTATION 

"Yes," said the specialist, "I can 
cure you." 

"What will it cost?" asked the sick 
man faintly. 

"Ninety-five dollars." 

"You will have to shade your price 
a little," replied the purchasing agent, 
"I have a better bid from the under- 
taker." — The New Success. 



ORGANIZATIONS 

When this issue goes to press, we 
have reported six new Subordinate 
Granges, and twelve Juveniles. Eight 
reorganizations have also been re- 
ported. 

Brother Eisaman, State Lecturer, 
has organized three new Granges in 
Franklin County and has a charter 
list for a fourth which will be organ- 
ized before this reaches you. He has 
one more place in view in Franklin 
and will then go to Adams and begin 
work there. 

On Friday evening, June 16th, the 
State Master, assisted by the State 
Deputy, A. C. Hottenstein, organized 
a new Grange at Montandon, Union 
County. The charter is still open and 
will close with a large membership. 

Our Worthy Gatekeeper, Brother 
Carr, has reorganized Porter and 
Hemlock Granges, his county, and 
has a third one well started. I chal- 
lenge the other State officers to or- 
ganize or reorganize a Subordinate or 
Juvenile Grange before the Grange 
year closes, Sept. 30th. Do you accept 
the challenge? 

On June 2d, the State Master, as- 
sisted by the State Deputy, W. M. 
Armstrong, reorganized New Lebanon 
Grange, No. 1445, with twenty-eight 
members. This Grange will accept 
members from another dormant 
Grange and should build up a large 
strong Grange. 



July, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 7 






THE BUMBLEBEE 

Of all the birds 

I like to see. 
Is the downy moss 

On a bumblebee. 
This gay old bird 

Is short on sing 
But he is a king 

On a horrid sting. 

He builds his nest 

In a clover field, 
Down in the ground 

A cabin shield. 
His honey cellar is 

Always stocked. 
It is mighty secure 

And well padlocked. 

If any tries to 

Disturb his nest. 
Well, he is there 

To do the rest. 
Then sing a song 

To the bumblebee 
Because he is always 

Quite tax-free. 
-J. S. K., "Old Man Kelly, of Kelly i 
Hollow/' 



FORMER GRANGE 
OFFICER ELECTED PRESIDENT 

FARM BDREAU 

Roland N. Benjamin, an active 
member of the Grange in Bradford 
County and former Overseer of the 
Pennsylvania State Grange, has been 
elected president of the Pennsylvania 
Farm Bureau Federation. Mr. Ben- 
jamin is also a director on the State 
Chamber of Commerce. Other officers 
of the State Farm Bureau are vice- 
president, Clarence T. DeWalt, Nor- 
thampton County; secretary, E. F. 
Kester, Cumberland County; and 
treasurer, Harrison Nolt, Lancaster 
County. 

The office of the Farm Bureau is 
located in the State Chamber of Com- 
merce Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Sambo : "What time does the train 
get to New Orleans?" 

Conductor: "Four-five, this afte^ 
noon." 

Sambo : " Yessuh, but how long fo 
five?" 



TXEETWOOD GRANGE 

CELEBRATES ELEVENTH 
ANNIVERSARY; PAST 
HISTORY IS REVIEWED 

Memorial and eleventh anniversary 
orograms were presented at the meet- 
ing of the Fleetwood Grange May 
98th. The chief speaker for the occa- 
sion was I. Ralph Zollers, past pomona 
master of Montgomery County, now 
secretary of the Interstate Milk Pro- 
duction Association. 

The affair was well attended and a 
complete resume of the work done 
during the past decade was outlined. 
The Fleetwood Grange is one of the 
most active in Berks County, and the 
activities during these years have been 
almost countless. 

The history of this association as 
outlined at this affair follows : ^ 

Fleetwood Grange was organized on 
May 20, 1920, with 147 charter mem- 
bers. The first officers elected were: 
Master, George Schuler; overseer, 
Lewis Rahn; lecturer, Irvin Leibel- 
sperger; steward, Harris Rothermel; 
assistant steward, Morris Schaeffer; 
chaplain, William Greenawald ; treas- 
urer, Samuel Braucher; secretary, 
Daniel Scheirer; gatekeeper, Paul", 
Homan ; ceres, Mary Kline ; pomona, 
Clara Rothermel; flora, Alice Heiu; 
lady assistant steward, Kate Lesher; 
purchasing committee, Clarence Shol- 
lenberger, Lloyd Schlegel and M. H. 
Brensinger. On July 8, 1920, a mo- 
tion was made to lift a collection at 
each session, the money collected to 
be used as a social fund. 

The Grange cooperated with the 
Fleetwood Bank in holding a Farm 
Product show in December. The first 
picnic was held August 14, 1920. 
Forty-nine candidates were admitted 
to membership during the year. The 
amount of business amounted to $13,- 
355.79. 

On March 5, 1921, we entertained 
Berks County Pomona, No. 43, at its 
quarterly meeting. On February 24th, 
the Grange went on record by passing 
a resolution opposing daylight saving. 
On April 14, 100 chairs were pur- 
chased for the convenience of the 
members. On June 18th, the first ice 
cream festival was held and proved 
to be a success. In September an ex- 
hibit was made at the Reading Fair 
and we were awarded the first prize 
of $40. A piano was purchased for 
$225. The total amount of business 
for the year amounted to $20,404.13. 
A drive was made for new members 
and a reward offered to the members 
who brought in the largest number of 
candidates. Our deceased brother, 
Alfred S. Kline, led the drive and 
won a sixth degree pin as his reward, 
beventy-two candidates were admitted 
during the year. 

On March 4, 1922, we again enter- 
tained the Berks Pomona, and at 
^hich time the first play was ren- 
l^ered. In August we exhibited at the 
Autztown Fair and received $100 as 
nrst prize and also won first prize at 
the Reading Fair in September, 
iwenty-six candidates were received 
and $16,175.85 was the amount of 
tJusiness for the year reported by the 
Purchasmg committee. 

In 1923 we invested $500 in gov- 
ernment bonds. We received third 
Pnze of $87.25 at Kutztown Fair and 
jm prize of $100 from Reading Fair. 
l^^ was donated for the 50th anni- 
;f ^f y of Fleetwood and many helped 
^ the parade. A fraternal visit was 
made to Trexlertown Grange. The 
m,;T participated in a Halloween 
n!o ^^^ received $24 as a prize, 
iin? u ^«^»e sponsored a Farm Prod- 
uct show very successfully. Ten can- 
for ff ^^^® received. The business 

In iQoP^^ amounted to $22,168.42. 

^a i»^4 the Kutztown Grange de- 



gree team installed our officers. The 
Grange again went on record and 
helped to fight the Japanese Beetle. 
We again won second prize of $97.50 
at the Kutztown Fair and first prize 
of $100 at Reading. Forty-five candi- 
dates were received and the business 
for the year amounted to $21,255.03. 



DRIED SKIM MILK 

IS EFFECTIVE FEED 



75,000,000 Pounds Used for Poultry 
and Stock Rations in 1930 



Useful in Developing Chicks to 

Withstand Disease and Produce 

Eggs Sooner 

Rapidly growing knowledge of the 
high value of milk in poultry rations 
is reflected in the 97 per cent increase 
in the market demand for dry skim 
milk for farm livestock feeding dur- 
ing the last year, declared Roud Mc- 
Cann, director of the American Dry 
Milk Institute, at the sixth annual 
meeting of that organization in Chi- 
cago on April 22d. Approximately 
75,000,000 pounds, or 30 per cent of 
all the dry skim milk produced in the 
United States last year, was fed to 
farm stock, much of which was poul- 
try. 

As a feed for all classes of poultry; 
dry skim milk finds one of its most 
valuable uses, according to the poul- 
try-feeding experts, who cited their 
experience and experimental results 
in a general discussiori at this meet- 
ing. Not only do the proteins and 
minerals of dry skim milk in chick 
rations result in most rapid develop- 
ment, but its use as a part of the 
chick's feed has proved a most effec- 
tive measure to prevent and check 
coccidiosis. A ration which the Cali- 
fornia experiment station recommends 
and which is now being used widely 
to control this dreaded disease con- 
tains forty pounds dry skim milk, 
thirty younds yellow cornmeal, twenty 
pounds ground barley and ten pounds 
wheat bran. 

Continued feeding of dry skim milk 
in growing rations is one of the surest 
ways to bring pullets into early lay- 
ing. Experimental results in many 
States show that milk-fed pullets be- 
gin laying earlier and lay more eggs 
in a season than hens deprived of 
milk. The particular value of milk in 
laying rations lies in its content of 
the verp proteins and other nutrients 
the hens need for making the largest 
number of eggs. The lime and other 
minerals of milk are also needed to 
make eggs, for they are ideally suited 
for shell development. Mashes con- 
taining from 5 to 15 per cent dry skim 
milk have been found to be one of the 
best and most economical feeds for 
laying hens. 



IT WOULD BE FATAL 

TiTEWAD — "Pm afraid I've lost my 
pocketbook 1" 

Britelad— "Have you looked every- 
where? Tried all your pockets?" 

TiTEWAD — "Yes, everywhere except 
my left-hand hip pocket." 

Britelad — "Well, why don't you try 
that?" 

TiTEWAD — "Because, if it ain't there 
I'll drop dead." 



LONG IIVE THE TEACHER! 

A teacher had been telling her class 
of small pupils a few facts about an- 
cient history. She concluded with: 
"And children don't forget that all 
this happened 2,200 years ago." 

For a moment all were silent, but 
finally a small boy spoke. "Gee, 
teacher, you've got a swell memory I" 




Juveniles, Avis Grange, 
No. 1959 



INTER-COUNTY GRANGE PICNIC 
ATTRACTS THREE THOUSAND 

The Southwestern Pennsylvania In- 
ter-County Grange picnic held at 
Etna Mineral Springs Park, June 17, 
maintained its record for fine program 
and an even larger attendance than a 
year ago. It was agreed to hold the 
1932 picnic at the same place and this 
is sufficient evidence to prove the 
event a success. 

A program of sports was carried out 
at 11 a. m. and included a tug of 
war of subordinate Granges, won by 
Unionville Grange, Butler County. 
This Grange had the record of having 
217 members present. 

The noon recess featured a basket 
lunch and in many cases Granges 
feasted together as a unit. 

The entertainment features of the 
advertised program were carried out 
and every number was a splendid ren- 
dition. Especial mention must be 
made of the ukelele solo by Raymond 
McCracken, five years of age. 

Addresses were delivered by E. B. 
Dorsett, Master of the State Grange, 
and John McSparran, Secretary of 
Agriculture. 

Officers elected are: Pres., J. A. 
Boak; vice-pres., W. D. Phillips; 
sec.-treas., Mrs. George Gault. 



DEER ARE MENACE 

IN SOME FORESTS 

"The Deer Problem in the Forests 
of Pennsylvania" is the subject of a 
new publication being distributed free 
by the State Department of Forests 
and Waters. 

The bulletin is the result of exten- 
sive field studies by Research Forester 
H. E. Clepper, carried on in all parts 
of the State where the growing deer 
population is menacing both the for- 
est growth and the welfare of the deer 
herd. 

The deer carrying capacity of for- 
ested areas forms a part of the dis- 
cussion and the lack of accurate in- 
formation on this important feature 
is pointed out. Exemples of European 
experience and the opinions of Ameri- 



can foresters and students of game 
management, indicate that on 1,000 
acres of Pennsylvania forests from 20 
to 40 deer are sufficient. The tendency 
of deer to congregate in certain sec- 
tions must also be considered. 

Describing the original forests of 
Pennsylvania as abounding in game 
animals such as deer, elk, bear, bison 
and moose, the author points out that 
although animal food was then plenti- 
ful the over production of game was 
prevented by predatory enemies such 
as the wolf, wildcat, panther and Can- 
ada lynx. 

Extensive clearing and settlement 
drove game into the remaining wilder- 
ness and reduced the number of deer 
until big game was headed toward ex- 
tinction by 1850. Elk and bison had 
disappeared, and rapid reduction of 
the deer herd occurred during the 
brief quarter century following the 
Civil War. Only 40 years ago deer 
had become so scarce in Pennsylvania 
that it was rare to see one in its native 
haunts. 

Lack of hunting restrictions, exces- 
sive forest exploration, and destruc- 
tive forest fires had much to do with 
the reduction of deer, it is said. With 
the big days of lumbering past, and 
the creation of game and forestry of- 
ficials, just before 1900, it was only a 
few years until deer began to increase. 

The problem today is not lack of 
deer but too many deer. Over popula- 
tion of deer in many sections has 
led to a shortage of forest food, 
which results in under-nourishment 
of deer and susceptibility to disease 
or actual starvation. Excessive injury 
to tree plantations and crops is com- 
mon, and in many places reforesta- 
tion is out of the question due to deer 
damage. 

Numerous instances are cited of 
plantations in Clearfield, Franklin, 
Center, Pike, Clinton, and other coun- 
ties which were ruined by grazing 
deer. Native hardwood growth also 
suffers, it is shown. A "deer line" is 
present in many forest sections where 
it is observed that deer have eaten all 
vegetation for a height of five feet 
above ground. 



Can Washers 

for ftrmt. dairirt and cream 
nations. Practical. Economical. 
Steamt and ttcrilizct dairy eqaij^- 
ment« perfectly. Two models: This 
illustration shows the smaller size 
No. 2. Request Particulars. 
Pmtmb Mil. C*.. RaUMdik. 

D. 8. Potent No. HftajJl 




iX 



Sent hy Express or Parcel Post 5000 

Leading Varietlei F.O.B. or more 

100 500 1000 Per M 

Cabbage | .46 91.00 91.65 91.60 

Caulifluwer 76 2.00 8.60 8.00 

Tomato 60 116 1.80 1.66 

Pepper 86 8.25 8.76 8.60 

Sweet Potato 70 1.86 8.00 8.90 

Beets, Lettuce, 

B. Sprouts 60 1.60 2.60 2.25 

Catalog Free 

0. E. FIELD, Sewell, New Jersey 



CARQUHAD 




NON-WRAP 

MANURE SPREADER 

T^AlRljItlEtl find qroat profit and satisfaclion in the "Tlon'-IlJrap Spreader, ll 
*-*' spreads euenltj all conditions of manure. Helps to keep a more sanitary 
condition around the bam and makes more proflts^^saves labor, uniformly 
increases soil fertilitij because of the even application and saving the richest 
minerab in the manure. An old but TOell-knoujn principle is applied lo Iho 
beaters which prevents wrapping and assures even distribution. 

Send for Bulletin No. 930. ll contains valuable information 

A. B. FARQUHAR CO., Limited Box 963 York, P*. 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 8 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



July, 1931 



Pennsylvania Qrange News 

Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 

Rooms 426-30. Telegraph Building 
216 Locust St, Harrisburg. Pa. 

5 cents a copy. 50 cents a year. 



Vol. XXVI II 



July, 1931 



No. 4 



Board of Managers 

E. B. DORSETT, President 

S. A. HARSHAW H. D. ALLEBACH KENZIE BAGSHAW 

Editor, E. B. DORSETT, Mansfield, Pa. 
to whom should be addressed all matters relating to news contributions, photographs, etc. 

Associate Editors 

HANNAH McK. LYONS, H. G. EISAMAN, 

Lincoln University, Pa. East Springfield, Pa. 

JOHN H. LIGHT, Business Manager, 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

to whom all matters relative to advertising, mailing list, pattern orders should be addressed. 

ADVERTISING is accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate line, or $3.50 per inch, 
each insertion. New Yorlc representative, Norman Co., 34 West 33d Street. 

WITH this issue of Grange News, you will note a change in our Edi- 
torial Staff. Your Worthy State Master becomes Editor-in-Chief, 
succeeding John H. Light, who succeeds Morris Lloyd as Advertising 
and Business Manager. 

Brother Lloyd has had charge of Grange News for many years, and 
has rendered loyal and efficient service. He will be greatly missed by many 
Patrons, who know and love him for the kindly disposition and fraternal 
spirit that he has always manifested. 

The many thousand Patrons in Pennsylvania, extend to him a vote of 
thanks for the loyal service he has rendered them in particular and the order 
in general, and wish him many years of peace, health and happiness. He 
will ever be a welcome visitor in our Grange meetings. 

No immediate changes in the editing will be made. In discussing State 
and National issues, we shall do so without fear, favor or personal bias. 
We believe that the time has come when we must rely upon our own re- 
sources rather than political promises. 

Politicians are much the same in all parties. They promise you anything 
and everything before election, forget their promises and give you absolutely 
nothing after they are elected. 

The solution to our problem lies in complete and intelligent organiza- 
tion. Build your Grange. Increase its membership, until you have an or- 
ganization that not only commands the respect, but invites the support of 
our Legislators, both State and National. 

If 50% of the farmers of Pennsylvania would join the Grange, and give 
it their full support, the powerful interests which control the Legislature 
and enact legislation for their own benefit, with little or no regard for the 
effect it may have on other interests, could and would be ousted. 

We sometimes have to fight fire with fire, and there is no better method 
of fighting organization than with organization. Pay no attention to prom- 
ises, but go forth and build your Grange, then and not till then, will 
Agriculture come into her own. 



The Grange as a Service Organ- 
ization 

THERE are too many people, both in and out of the Grange, who look 
upon the organization with far too narrow a view point. To be of 
service to its members, as well as to all the people, a Grange must give 
careful consideration to all the activities which make for a happy, contented 
community life. 

The first and highest object of our Order is, "To develop a better and 
higher manhood and womanhood among ourselves." To do this successfully 
requires careful planning, complete organization and intelligent cooperation. 

Man does not live unto himself alone, and can do nothing unless he 
associates with his fellows. Time and space will not permit me to fully 
describe the measure of service that the Grange renders to the social, re- 
ligious, financial and educational life of the community. 

I shall only consider two, the social and financial, and will endeavor to 
consider the other two, with an additional one in a later issue. Never in 
the world's history was the social unrest so widespread and so alarming as 
it is today. 

The Grange is rendering a lasting service, not only to agriculture, but 
to the State and the Nation as a whole, in its efforts to curb this unrest 
and bring about a more wholesome condition in the economic world. The 
farmer does not readily lend himself to the radical views as expressed by 
the Communist, but keeps his head level and his feet on the ground. 

The Grange has taught him the rule of reason, and it is a good thing 



for the State that we have men so trained. The country needs a balance 
wheel, and many thanks to the Grange, the farmer supplies that need. Banks 
may fail, business go to pieces, labor strike, but the farmer continues to 
plant and sow in the full exercise of faith. 

Membership in the Grange has given him courage, patience and forbear- 
ance towards those who may differ with him, and taught him to work in 
harmony with his fellows. 

In the financial world the Grange renders a service that excels that of 
any other organization. It covers a wider field and more activities than any 
of them. I sometimes wonder if the membership fully appreciate the service 
the Grange is rendering. 

The Keystone Grange Exchange saves its members many thousands of 
dollars each year in the purchase of fertilizer. The same is true of feed, 
seeds, spray materials and binder twine. At this writing, and the season has 
hardly begun, we have sold better than eight carloads of twine. This service 
alone pays the dues of its members many times during the year. 

The several Grange companies carry Fire Insurance amounting to 
$145,000,000. In addition it has made provision to write Life, Casualty and 
Auto Insurance. If you are not familiar with these provisions it will pay 
you to investigate before placing your Insurance. 

I desire to call your attention not only to the importance of carrying 
Auto Insurance, but of knowing what you get and how much it costs you 
to get it. The Grange can write your Auto Insurance for 25% less than 
you can get it from any Old Line Company. 

Some companies are writing on what they term a membership basis. 
This simply means that you pay $5.00 for the privilege of paying more for 
your Insurance, with less coverage, than you could get it from the Grange. 
You will also be required to make a Premium Deposit of $10. In other 
words, you guarantee the payment of your own Premium by a cash deposit. 

Patrons, you better let your own organization serve your needs, thereby 
guaranteeing service and protection at a minimum cost. No high salaried 
officers, no expensive office rents, just plain service at Grange rates. 

The enemy is at work trying to split our Order into smaller units. It 
is an old trick and will not be permitted. Patronize the Grange organizations 
that best serve you and your interests. The more loyal you are to them, 
the greater service they will be able to render you. 



Grange Insurance 

Life Insurance and the Farmer 

For the young man who is ambi- 
tious to make farming his life work, 
now is apparently the right time to 
purchase a farm, for not in many 
years has the price of farm lands been 
so far depressed below their real 
values. All that is necessary is suffi- 
cient money to make the initial down 
payment then purchase a Grange life 
insurance policy in sufficient amount 
to cover the remaining indebtedness. 
Thus freed from anxiety over the fu- 
ture the farmer can go ahead, secure 
in the knowledge that should death 
ensue before completing his payments, 
that immediate funds will be available 
to discharge the mortgage. 

The man who has already paid for 
his farm cannot invest his surplus 
money to better advantage than in life 
insurance for a life insurance policy 
constantly enhances and never shrinks 
in value. Can that be truthfully said 
of any other form of security? 

Progress of Our Company 

May production of our Grange Life 
Insurance Company was 20% in ex- 
cess of that of the corresponding 
month of 1930. 

Planning Your Future 

We can be of material assistance to 
you in planning your future. If in- 
terested write direct to the Farmers 
& Traders Life Insurance Company, 
Syracuse, N. Y. 



THE LITTLE 

COUNTRY THEATER 

One of the chief attractions at the 
Mansfield Fair, last September, was 
"The Little Country Theater," spon- 
sored by the Pomona Grange, under 
the direction of Prof. W. R. Gordon, 
extension worker and teacher of Rural 
Sociology, at State College, Pa. 



Several Granges responded by giving 
one-act plays, portraying some phase 
of rural life. These plays did not slur 
the farmer, nor in any way attempt to 
discourage those engaged in the art 
of agriculture. 

The Grange has long felt that it was 
imperative that something be done to 
improve the type and character of the 
shows given at county fairs. This 
proved to be successful and the plays 
given were not only clean and whole- 
some, but instructive, entertaining 
and inspiring. 

A large tent was erected on the 
grounds and equipped with a stage 
and chairs. Over the entrance, "The 
Little Country Theater," was printed 
in large letters. A printed schedule of 
the plays to be given was also posted 
on the outside of the tent. The sched- 
ule gave the title of the play, the name 
of the Grange giving it and the hour 
of performance. The admission for 
adults was 15 cents and for children 
under twelve, 10 cents. 

The midway contained the usual 
number of shows together with special 
free attractions, but "The Little 
Country Theater" was crowded to ca- 
pacity at every performance. After 
paying expenses, the proceeds were 
equally divided between the Granges 
participating. 

This new feature of Grange work 
was a financial success and created a 
new interest in dramatic work, espe- 
cially among the younger members. 
Here is a piece of work that every 
Pomona Home Economics Committee 
can foster in counties where fairs are 
held. The need is great and the bene- 
fits derived will be far reaching. 
Mrs. E. B. Dorsett. 



"Our big community project at 
present is building a 6-mile electric 
light line, and of the 24 subscribers 
all are members of the Grange, except 
two," writes a Crawford County 
patron. 



July, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 9 




Among the G ranges 

Activities of the Order in Various Localities 




POMONAS 

Pomona, No. 31, was entertained by 
Delaware Grange, at Dewart, Wednes- 
day, May 27, 1931. The attendance 
was' excellent and the reports showed 
a net gain in membership of twenty- 
Plans were made to organize two 
new Granges in Union County and 
several Juveniles in the district. Ar- 
rangements were also made for hold- 
ing the annual picnic at Milton Park, 
Thursday, August 6th, with the Na- 
tional Lecturer, James C. Tanner 
Farmer and the Worthy State Master 
as speakers. 

Butler 

Butler Pomona held its June ses- 
sion in Penn Township High School 
auditorium, Tuesday, June 2d, 1931. 
The attendance was large and the re- 
ports excellent. 

Butler is making rapid gains in 
membership and is to be congratu- 
lated upon the growth during the quar- 
ter. The figures, as given the secre- 
tary, gave a net gain of seventy-six. 
This is a net gain of five members 
per Grange and is an evidence of loyal 
support and efficient leadership. 

Butler has five Granges on the Hon- 
or Roll, and these five Granges show 
a gain of seventy-seven. The condi- 
tion of the order is indeed gratifying 
to one who labored long and diligently 
to promote Grange growth and in- 
crease Grange membership. 

It is the earnest desire of your 
Worthy State Master that the splen- 
did growth may continue until every 
farmer recognizes the need and value 
of an organization such as the Grange 
and gives it his full support. 

Lawrence 

Lawrence Pomona was entertained 
by Plain Grove Grange, Wednesday, 
June 3, 1931. The reports of Sub- 
ordinate Granges showed a growing 
interest in Grange work and a healthy 
condition of the order. 

The Worthy Lecturer arranged an 
. excellent program, which was carried 
out in full. The question of electing 
a County Board of Assessors, brought 
out a spirited discussion, as well as 
some differences of opinion. 

A school for deputies, masters, lec- 
turers and other Grange workers, was 
conducted by the State Master at the 
close of the afternoon session. The 
Pomona Master and State Deputy, W. 
S. FuUerton, has nearly mastered the 
code and is making splendid progress 
with his work. 

Westmoreland 
Rostraver Grange entertained 
Westmoreland Pomona in their new 
nail, Thursday, June 4, 1931. Ros- 
traver Grange is justly proud of her 
new home and made an excellent 
hostess. 

During the past year Grange mem- 
bership has had a steady, but not a 
large increase. The growth during the 
quarter was very satisfactory. Derry 



HAY BALERS 

Built for Capacity 

'"nil"'" °"/ ""* ^'^" of ^^y or s»"w. This is a 
-"oney maker. Write for description and sizes. 

A. B. FARQUHAR CO., Limittd 

"0x163 %# J. o 

•:- Yofk Pa. 



Township and Donegal each received 
five members. Hempfield twenty-four 
and Rostraver forty-five. 

The total gain for the county was 
eighty-six and the total losses fifty- 
five, leaving a net gain of thirty-one, 
with thirty-two applications on hand, 
making a gain for the quarter of sixty- 
three. This is a gratifying showing 
and shows what can be done through 
hard work and personal supervision. 

The State Master held a school for 
deputies, masters, and other Grange 
workers, read the code and gave in- 
structions for future work. The next 
quarter promises to be even better 
than the last, and Westmoreland 
should close the year with a very sub- 
stantial increase in membership. 

Greene 

Greene Pomona held its June ses- 
sion in the Presbyterian church, Car- 
michaels. Pa., Saturday, June 6th, 
Carmichaels Grange entertaining. 
The reports of Subordinate Granges, 
as well as those of the deputies, 
showed an increase in membership 
and growing interest in Grange work. 

The new Lecturer, Rev. Morris L. 
Husted, had an excellent program 
which was carried out in full. The 
State Master was present and took 
part in the exercises of the day. He 
congratulates Greene Pomona on the 
splendid work she is doing, and the 
splendid service she is rendering in 
building up our order. 

Wyoming 

Wyoming Pomona met with Bow- 
man's Creek Grange in I. O. O. F. 
hall, Noxen, Pa., Wednesday, June 
10, 1931. The reports showed a small 
increase in membership and a keen 
interest in the work throughout the 
county. 

Walter S. Ilopi^e, Pomona Master 
of Susquehanna County, his wife and 
daughers, were present and took part 
in the program. Brother and Sister 
Kresge from Lackawanna County, 
and Brother and Sister Michael, of 
Luzerne County, were also present 
and gave short talks on Grange work. 

Twenty-three were instructed in the 
fifth degree, the work being done by 
a team composed of young people. It 
would be a source of inspiration to 
the young people of our Granges if 
they could see and hear these young 
people put on this degree. 

Tioga 

Tioga Pomona held its June session 
with Ogdensburg Grange, Thursday 
and Friday, June 11th and 12th. Two 
years ago this Grange was dormant, 
and Pomona gave financial assistance 
in the payment of State dues. 

The investment proved to be sound 
as the Grange made a net gain in 
membership, during the last quarter 
of twenty-nine and now has a mem- 
bership of over seventy. 

The Pomona deputies in this coun- 
ty have the work well organized and 
are rendering eflicient service. Their 
chief aim is to give aid to the weaker 
Granges and prevent losses in mem- 
bership. 

Pomona, No. 44 

Pomona Grange at Pond Hill. 

Members of Pomona, No. 44, spent 
a pleasant day at Pond Hill, Satur- 
day, June 13th. 

Worthy Master A. W. Rice pre- 
sided. The morning session was de- 
voted to business and reports, all Sub- 



ordinates having a written report. 

The afternoon session in charge of 
Worthy Lecturer H. A. Bronson was 
interesting as well as instructive. 
Porter Michael led in the opening 
prayer. 

Response to address of welcome, C. 
S. Hildebrant. 

Instrumental music, Wilbur, Mada- 
line and Ruth Searfoss. 

Memorial services conducted by 
Worthy Chaplin Mrs. L. U. Case for 
the following departed members; 

William Armstrong, of Lehman 
Grange; Frank Wilcox, Mrs. George 
Lewis, Mrs. Dan Cornell, Mrs. Clara 
Long and Fred Ellsworth. 

Male chorus of Mountain Grange, 
Sheldon Gay, Harold Lewis, James 
Sands and Sherman Heft, rendered 
two songs. 

Address, State Master E. B. Dor- 
sett on Future of Agriculture. 

Prizes for one-act plays to be given 
by Subordinates were offered. Ten 
dollars, best rendered play; $7.50, 
second prize; $5.00, third prize and 
$2.50, fourth prize. 

Jackson Grange invited the order 
for Sept. 12th meeting. 

C. S. Hildebrant, Secy. 

Potter 

Potter Pomona was entertained by 
Odin Grange in their new hall, Thurs- 
day and Friday, June 18th and 19th. 
The Granges were well represented 
and the large hall well filled at all 
sessions. A net gain in membership 
of nineteen was shown by the reports. 
A large class was instructed in the 
fifth degree and much interest mani- 
fested in the program arranged by the 
Worthy Lecturer. 

The deputy school conducted by the 
Worthy State Master, Friday morn- 
ing, proved to be interesting and in- 
structive, as many had never heard 
the code read, or seen the work ex- 
emplified. 

Pomona, No. 28 

A record attendance was achieved 
at the meeting of Lycoming County 
Pomona Grange, No. 28, in I. O. O. 
F. hall at Oval, Thursday, June 4th, 
with 150 in attendance at the after- 
noon session and 80 at the evening 
session. 

The attendance banner went to Un- 
ityville Grange, No. 1720. Pomona 
accepted an invitation to meet with 
Bottle Run Grange, No. 1301, west of 
Newberry, township of Old Lycoming, 
in September. This Grange being re- 
cently reorganized. 

J. C. Michael, of Glade Run Grange, 
No 1160, was appointed as delegate 
to Pennsylvania State College, to par- 
ticipate in the election of four trus- 
tees. 

Memorial services in charge of the 
worthy chaplain were held for Daniel 
Webster, of Pennsdale, member of 
Captain John Brady Grange, No. 
1355. 

Thirteen different Subordinate 
Granges were represented and several 
visitors from Clinton County were in 
attendance at the meeting. 

Following the dinner hour Mrs. 
Lester D. Sedam, lecturer, gave a re- 
port of the lecturers conference held 
at State College. Past State Deputy 
Lillian Michael, gave a talk on 
"Grange Objectives," followed by 
song, "Farm Days," by assembly; re- 
marks, "What We as Farmers Should 
Know About the Brigham Townsend 
Bill," by D. K. Sloan, county farm 
agent, and D. H. Bailey of Pennsyl- 
vania State College; followed by 
song, "We Hain't Going to Milk Any 
More," composed of a chorus of seven 
men of the different subordinate 
Granges; reading, "Alfalfa," by R. 
Lester Herring; two solo numbers by 



Miss Alice Stugard ; remarks by Past 
State Deputy C. H. Dildine. 

In the evening the fifth degree was 
conferred on a class of seventeen. An 
interesting program was given in- 
cluding talk on "Taxation Valua- 
tion," by County Commissioner Jos- 
eph H. Nicely; reading, Margaret 
Sedam; "Musical Selections," Tren- 
ton Myers; followed by duet, Mrs. 
Sadie Houser and Mrs. Tessie Lovell ; 
group singing by Captain John Brady 
Grange and West Branch Grange; 
readings by Mrs. Lester Sedam ; reci- 
tation, Robert Byer; remarks by the 
Rev. Sameul F. Rounsley, of Canusa- 
rago Grange; closing song, "God Be 
With You," concluded the evening's 



session. 



Mrs. R. E. Poust, Secy. 



Read every advertisement. 



THE BOSTON REGALIA CO 

Grange Supplies 
Officers' Sashes 

Member** Badc««, Subordinate 
No. 4. Reversible. 45 cents each 

Pomone Badges* No.l4«R«ver» 
Ible 55 cents each. 

ting Flag, 3x5 ft. Mounted gt 
with Eagle and Stand. 96.50 r^ 

Printed Silk Flag, 3x5 ft.. Mounted 
as above, 110.00. Printed Silk Pla^ 
4x6 ft.. Mounted as above. •15.00. 

OUR SPECIALTY 

PAST MASTER JE'WBLS 

iS.OO to tiOJOO 
PINS BUTTONS RINQ^* 

Send for our prices before y^u buj^ 

BOSTON REGALIA^CQo 
93 SUMMUA < LUEET BOSTON. MASS- 




ENTERTAINMENTS 

—FOR YOUR GRANGE— 



Our Loom- Leaf Rays and Recitations are uied by 
thousand* of Granges. 1 Oc each, or 1 2 for $ 1 .00. 

Our New "UVE WIRE STUNT BOOK" (60c.) wiU 
fit in nicely with your Grange programs. 
Send for Free catalogues. 
The Wiibs N. Bsfbec Co.. Dept. E.. Syracasc. 



ij^rj 



WE MAKE 

Regulation 
Officers' Regalia 

FOR 

JUVENILE, SUBORDINATE, 

POMONA AND STATE 

GRANGES. 

REGULATION BADGES. PAST 
MASTER'S JEWELS, ETC. 
WrU« for Oirouiar No. 91 

FnDer Regalia & Costume Company, 

12 HIGH STREET. WORCESTER. MASS 

Oldest Grange Home- EttablUhe J 1885 





raccids 



miM^ement 
sew/ce 



Tlf) West 47th St. 
NEW YORK 

Phone: Longacre 5-6390 

- - FREE ACT - - 

Attractions for Parks, 
Fairs, Celebrations 

Positively No Substitutes 

"Better Bay from Ui 
Than Wish You Had" 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 

OF EVERY DESCRIPTION 
THE RECOGNIZED STANDARD EVERYWHERE 

REGALIA » BADGES » EMBLEMS 

TOOLS. FLAGS. LABOR SAVING BOOKS 
SEND FOR CATALOGUE 

C. J. BAINBRIDGE, SYRACUSE, N. Y. 



Page 10 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



July, 1931 



Home Economics 
Comm.ittee 
1? 
Mrs. Georgia M. Piolett 
Mrs. Furman Gyger 
Mis* Charlotte £. Ray 
Mrs. Charlotte Ruppin 
Mrs. Clara C. Phillips 



WOMAN'S WORK 

IN THE 

HOME AND GRANGE 

By Home Economics Committee 



DID YOU KNOW? 

Verse for the Month 

"Just to leave in His dear hand 

Little things; 
All we cannot understand. 

All that stings. 
Just to let Him take the care 

Sorely pressing, 
Finding all we let Him bear 
Changed to blessing." 

—F. R. G. 



That if a slogan such as "Better 
Cooking" for our 1931 meals were to 
hang in our kitchens where it would 
face us everytime we glanced up from 
our mixing, rolling and stirring, our 
meals would be more carefully 
planned and prepared and therefore 
more appetizing. 

That the dry ingredients for pie 
crusts may be mixed and placed in a 
covered container in your refrigerator 
days in advance which means a pie in 
short order when busy these spring 
days. 

That if custards such as egg, coco- 
nut, pumpkin, apple, etc., are baked 
in a crust that has been rolled the day 
before, the crust will not be soggy but 
instead a flaky, golden brown. 

That a garden book filled with do's 
and dont's, a list of never failing 
seeds, time of planting, etc., is a treas- 
ure guide for your garden and will 
become a part of springtime each year. 
Try it. 

The common annual larkspur 
should be in every garden, not only 
because it is a riot of blue and pink, 
when flowers are scarce, between the 
time of the gladioluses and roses, but 
because it attracts the delightful little 
humming birds. It is a rare pleasure 
to watch the tiny bright birds, not 
much larger than butterflies, flit from 
stalk to stalk ; they seem to alight on 
a flower, but seem gracefully sus- 
pended in the air, while dipping daint- 
ily into the heart of the flower for 
their nectar. The same holds true of 
the old fashioned blue cornflower, 
which has quite a few different names, 
such as bachelor's button, etc., and 
which grows like a weed, when once 
established. And while it cannot be 
classed among our highbred aristocrat- 
ic flowers, yet it seems to be the fa- 
vorite resting place for the little gold- 
finches or salad birds, as they are 
called in this neighborhood ; this bird 
is of an attractive yellow color, with 
black on the wings. I have seen as 
many as ten of them posing on a 
bunch of these blue flowers, and the 
contrast of the blue and yellow makes 
a most beautiful picture. I have often 
wondered if the blue color of the flow- 
ers attracts the birds, since blue is a 
rather rare color in flowers, and there 
is absolutely no odor to recommend 
either the annual larkspur or the corn- 
flower. 

PEIZE CONTEST 

PROGRAM GIVEN 

The second prize in the flag contest 
held by Pomona Grange last year was 
won by North Ghent Grange for the 
program below which was put on at 
Sheshequin on June 7th. Mary Keir 
was the lecturer of North Ghent 
Grange when the program was put on 
as follows: 

Song, "Columbia, the Gem of the 



Ocean," by the Grange. As the first 
verse of this was being sung, a young 
lady in white representing Columbia 
marched in carrying the flag. She was 
followed by six smaller girls carrying 
small flags. During the singing of the 
chorus they rendered a short flag drill. 
Then Columbia gave a reading on the 
flag after which the last verse of the 
song was sung. 

Recitation, "Our Flag," by Sterling 
Tompkins; solo, ''Old Glory," by Ed- 
na Billings ; one-act play, "The Stars 
and Stripes," by five young people in 
costume; recitation, "Dad," Clayton 
Eicklor; piano duet, Edna Billings 
and Vivian Humphrey; recitation, 
"It Isn't Fair," by Esther Hay ward; 
song, "I Salute Thee, Old Glory," by 
20 young people in costume; a few 
minutes of fun consisting of a cookie 
eating contest by three couples who 
are blindfolded, the last couple to fin- 
ish paying a penalty by giving an en- 
tertaining feature; presentation of 
flag to the Master of Sheshequin 
Grange by Spencer Billings, Master 
of North Ghent Grange; reading of 
rules for displaying flag and proper 
respect to same, by Genevieve Os- 
borne; song by the Grange, first and 
last verses of "America." 



SUMMER SUPPER SALADS 

By Anne Schuyler 

"Are you going away for a holiday 
this summer?" Mrs. Harris asked 
Mrs. Robinson as they chatted over 
the back hedge one sunny morning. 

"No, George's business keeps us 
here," Mrs. Robinson answered. "I'm 
going to take my vacation at home." 

"How so?" questioned Mrs. Harris. 

"By making my household tasks as 
light as possible without interfering 
with the comfort and health of the 
family. I believe I can follow the old 
adage and use my head to save my 
heels to such an extent I can actually 
give myself two or three hours every 
afternoon to rest, read or visit with 
my neighbors. What better vacation 
could I have?" 

"It sounds fine to me," admitted 
Mrs. Harris. "But I'm curious to 
know some of these ways of lightening 
labor. Do tell me what they are." 

"To mention just one, I plan to 
have cold suppers often. Sometimes 
I shall have a hearty fish or meat sal- 
ad for the main course, preceded by a 
hot dish perhaps. Sometimes I'll have 
cold meat and a vegetable or fruit 
salad. In either case I can do much 
of the work in the morning. I have 
been collecting odd recipes for supper 
salads and shall be glad to give you 
some of them. You will notice they 
all include sugar among the season- 
ings. Sugar, you know, vastly im- 
proves the flavor of fruit and vegeta- 
ble salads, and being a highly concen- 
trated fuel food also makes them more 
nourishing." 

"I use it in my vegetable cookery," 
observed Mrs. Harris. "So I know 
I'll like it in salads." 

Chicken and Tomato Salad 
1^/^ cupfuls tomato juice 
3 tablespoonfuls cold water 
2 tablespoonfuls gelatin 

1 tablespoonful sugar 

2 cupfuls cooked chicken, diced 
2 slices onion 

2 cupfuls small green peas, cooked 
salt and pepper 



Soak the gelatin in the cold water. 
Strain the juice from canned toma- 
toes. Heat the sugar and onion with 
the tomato juice. Season with salt 
and pepper. Add gelatin and stir un- 
til dissolved. Strain out the onion. 
Pour a little of the tomato mixture 
into a wet mold. When firm, add a 
layer of the chicken. Cover with an- 
other layer of the tomato and set in a 
cold place to get firm. Then add the 
peas and the rest of the tomato. Chill. 
Turn out on lettuce. Serve with may- 



onnaise. 



Bermuda Salad 



1 cupful Bermuda onions, sliced 
1 cupful boiled potatoes, sliced 
1 bunch watercress 
3 tablespoonfuls olive oil 
1 tablespoonful vinegar 
1 teaspoonful sugar 
salt and pepper 



Slice the onions very thin. Pour 
the vinegar and sugar over them and 
let stand one hour. Slice the potatoes. 
Add to the onions. Stir in the olive 
oil. Season with salt and pepper. 
Toss the crisp watercress with the rest 
of the salad. Serve at once, using ad- 
ditional French dressing if necessary. 

Kidney Bean Salad 

2 cupfuls cooked kidney beans 
1 cupful celery, diced 

1 green pepper, shredded 
6 tablespoonfuls olive oil 

2 tablespoonfuls vinegar 
2 teaspoonfuls sugar 

salt and pepper 

Mix ingredients in order given. Let 
stand half an hour. Serve on lettuce. 
Garnish with sliced tomatoes and rad- 
ish roses. 



OUR FASHION AND PAHERN DEPARTMENT 

All patterns 15 cents each, postage prepaid. 




All patterns price 15c each in stamps or coin (coin preferred). 



8071 — Peplum Model. Designed for sizes 8, 
10, 12 and 14 years. Size 8 re- 
quires 2% yards of 39-inch mate- 
rial. 

8868 — For Wee Moderns. Designed for sizes 
2, 4 and 6 years. Size 4 requires 
1% yards of 35-inch material with 
2 yards of braid. 

2869 — Slimming Lines. Designed for sizes 
36, 38, 40, 42, 44 and 46-inches 
bust measure. Size 36 requires 3% 
yards of 39-lnch material with 
yard of 39-inch contrasting. 



2904 — Youthful Chic. Designed for sizes 14. 
16, 18, 20 years. 36, 38 and 40- 
inches bust measure. Size 16 re- 
quires 4% yards of 39-inch mate- 
rial. 

8187— Youthful Capelet. Designed for ■»«" 
16. 18 years, 36. 38, 40 and 4Z- 
inches bust measure. Size 36 re- 
quires 3% yards of 39-inch mate- 
rial. ,. 

8167 — Modish Blouse. Designed for sizes lb, 
18 years, 36, 38. 40 and 42-inclieB 
bust measure. Size 36 requires Z M 



yards of 39-inch material. 

Our Summer Fashion Magazine is 16 cents a copy but may be obtained for 10 centa 1' 

ordered same time as pattern. 



Address, giving number and size: 

PATTERN DEPARTMENT, GRANGE NEWS, 

428 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



July, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 11 



Summer Fruit Salad 

1% cupfuls pears, cubed 
i^ cupful oranges, cut in pieces 

1 cupful peaches, cubed 
V2 cupful chopped nut meats 

1 cupful sugar 
^ cupful lemon juice 

1 cupful thick mayonnaise 

2 cupfuls whipping cream 

V2 cupful cherries or strawberries 

Whip the cream stiff. Fold in the 
mayonnaise, sugar, lemon juice, and 
chopped fruit and nuts. Pour into 
freezing tray of mechanical refriger- 
ator or pack in salt and ice. When 
frozen, cut in squares. Serve on let- 
tuce with additional mayonnaise 
mixed with an equal quantity of 
whipped cream. 

Pickles 
Cucumber Rings 

1 cupful dill cucumber rings 

1 cup sugar 

Let stand over night. Add one-half 
cup vinegar mixed with two table- 
spoonfuls of mixed spices. Let stand 
until this draws trough. 

12 dill pickles cut in slices M to V2" 
thick 

2 pounds sugar 
1 ounce cloves 

1 ounce cinnamon 

Pack in jars in layers with sugar 
and spices. Let stand in cool place 
four days. 

Cucumber Pickles 

2 cupfuls vinegar 

4 pounds brown sugar 

2 tablespoonfuls cinnamon stick 

2 tablespoonfuls mixed spices 
12 dill pickles 

Slice pickles lengthwise and wash 
and drain. Make syrup of sugar, vine- 
gar and spices. Cook pickles in syrup 
until pickles are clear. Drain and 
cook syrup down and pour over 
pickles. 

Thalian Pickles 

1 dozen large sour pickles 

3 cupfuls granulated sugar 
1 teaspoonful celery seed 

12 cloves 

1 teaspoonful mustard seed 
cinnamon stick (couple of pieces 
on each layer) 

Cut pickles in slices %" thick. 
Pack in jar in layers with sugar and 
spices. Let stand in cool place for one 
week. Sugar about W in bottom, and 
same in layers. 



E 7 WAV FHfi FRUIT AND VEGE- 
"■"■fl Al TABLE PRESERVER, 

nArf «i r Guaranteed, to keep fresh eg^s 

PfriectUr for many months without refrigera- 
Satisfaction guaranteed. One can covers 



tion 



Price 50c sent 



r°n '^?.<^o«" CRKS or lemons. 
- vj. u. postage prepaid. 

Tw?; J- ^^^ PRESERVER COMPANY 
INTERNATIONAL FALLS MINNESOTA 





»nd PAPER TABLE 
DECORATIONS 

Liberty Baking Cupi are made 
from a specially prepared paper 
which withstands heat and re- 
quires no srrcasing. Save labor— 
Th».» t "° «'«««'"£ or washing of tins. 
n^EE RPrin "^ "'"'* '^"*" '"** attractive to serve. 

^ojl?}^^^"9LD PACKAGE Jl ^^*}] 
Piciu., '^'"" ^o' °"'> ^1 paid 

•^"^ ^Z'ZT ^'^"^ «"''"'^ Cups; tea eake size. 150 
°'*»»-Pie.. «c'- 20 rK ""' ^ ^'* Collars, crowning touch for 
T- -0 Ckkium.. c?"*' ''""' ^°' decorating chops, chicken legs. 
Poilif,. fiT^l Skewers for adorning roast ham. etc.; ?6 paper 
'"«P«ckige L^n?' wl ''*'"' Dealer's Name when ordering this 

• BEVAN CO.. Depi. 6-112, EVERETT. MASS. 



PIE, AND MORE PIE! 

There are men who never, never eat a 
single piece of pie 
Be it pumpkin, peach or apple, so 
His said. 
Now the explanation is simple, when 
you know the reason why. 
Like the women who don't gossip, 
they are dead. 



NORTH WARREN, PA. 

Mrs. Georgia M. Piolett, Dear Sis- 
ter: 

At a meeting of the Warren County 
Pomona Grange, No. 10, held with 
Scandia Grange in June the following 
Home Economic program in charge 
of the committee: How many homes 
would make a successful rummage 
sale and what is the remedy^ Why 
not more rural school nurses ? Which 
is the cheapest to can fruit and veg- 
etables or buy them canned? A talk 
on how the jury is drawn by a jury 
commissioner which was very inter- 
esting; readings and music; a paper 
on child welfare. There was a large 
attendance and every one took an in- 
terest in the program. 

Fraternally yours, 

Mrs. Mary E. Kidder, Chairman ; 
Mrs. Mollie Johnson; 
Mrs. Ruth Randall; 
Mrs. Clendenning; 
Mrs. Lyons. 



WHAT SOME GREAT 

AMERICANS HAVE SAID 
ABOUT THE BIBLE 

"The Bible is the book, in compari- 
son with which all others, in my eyes, 
are of minor importance." — Robert E. 
Lee. 



"When you have read the Bible you 
will know that it is the Word of God, 
because you will have found it the key 
to your own heart, your own happi- 
ness, and your own duty." — Woodrow 
Wilson. 



"What doth the Lord require of 
thee, but to do justly, and to love 
mercy, and to walk humbly with 
thy God." — Roosevelt's favorite Bible 



"That Book (the Bible), sir, is the 
rock on which our republic rests." — 
Stonewall Jackson. 



"The Bible is true. The principles 
and the statutes of that Holy Book 
have been the rule of my life, and I 
have tried to conform to its spirit as 
nearly as possible." — Andrew Jackson. 



"Hold fast to the Bible as the sheet 
anchor of your liberties." — U. 8. 
Grant. 



"I speak as a man of the world to 
men of the world, and I say to you, 
'SearcJij the Scriptures.' " — John 
Quincy Adams. 



"If you take out of your statutes, 
your constitution, your family life — 
all that is taken from the sacred Book 
— what would there be left to bind so- 
ciety together ?" — Benjamin Harrison. 



8. Be thrifty ; save, and guard what 
you have with great care. 

9. Remembering, that it's 

"Not what we give but what we share 
For the gift without the giver is bare. 
Who giveth himself with his alms 

feeds three 
Himself, his hungering neighbor and 



me. 



» 



"I always have said and will say, 
that the studious perusal of the Sa- 
cred Volume (the Bible) will make 
better citizens, better fathers and bet- 
ter husbands." — Thomas Jefferson. 



"The more profoundly we study this 
wonderful Book (the Bible), and the 
more closely we observe its divine 
precepts, the better citizens we will 
become and the higher our destiny as 
a nation." — William McKinley. 



"I have read the Bible through 
many times; I now make a practice 
of going through it once a 
Daniel Wehster. 

The Bible is a Book of 
Book of doctrine, and a Book 
als, and a Book of religion, of 
revelation from God. It is 
gift which God has given to 



year." — 



faith, a 
of mor- 
especial 
the best 
man. 



verse. 



"Thou shalt love the Lord thy God 
with all thy heart and with all thy 
soul, and with all thy mind, and thy 
neighbor as thyself." — Lincoln's fa- 
vorite Bible verse. 



THE MODERN NINE 

COMMANDMENTS 

Given to some newly naturalized 
citizens — applicable to all of us: 

1. Employ and devote yourself to 
your own improvement and advance- 
ment in mind, morals, understanding 
of things and affairs, and in efficient 
performance of duty. 

2. Found a family, and have peace, 
love and good will among the family. 

3. Be neighborly with neighbors. 

4. Have friends and friendships. 

5. Respect your father and mother. 

6. Provide for and be loyal to your 
wife. 

7. Maintain and educate your chil- 
dren to be useful citizens. 



FOR THE MEDICINE CABINET 

1. Witch hazel for bruises or 
sprains. 

2. Aromatic spirits of ammonia for 
fainting or shock. 

3. Olive oil, a drop or two in the 
eyes, for injury or something in the 
eye. 

4. Essence of ginger for cramps or 
colic, teaspoonful in hot water. 

5. Soda or soda mint tablets for in- 
digestion. 

6. Cascara sagrada tablets, mild 
cathartic. 

7. Iodine as antiseptic application, 
externally. 

8. Medicine dropper, clinical ther- 
mometer. 

9. Have Red Cross first-aid outfits, 
if possible, absorbent cotton, adhesive 
plaster, and assorted gauze bandages. 
— From a Country Physician. 



Move to Clean Ground. — Pullets 
on range will be benefited if the 
brooder house is moved occasionally 
to a clean area. Placing the hoppers 
on a clean ground is another small 
chore which will help to prevent the 
spread of diseases and parasites. 



Give Bees New Queen. — Every col- 
ony of bees should be requeened each 
year to get rid of the failing queen 
and to provide a queen capable of 
building up a strong colony of bees 
for winter and spring. 



Mulch the Rose Bed. — An applica- 
tion of peat moss, grass clippings, or 
buckwheat hulls, to a depth of one- 
half to one inch should be given the 
rose bed for a mulch during the sum- 
mer months. 



Vegetables Available. — Fresh veg- 
etables are now available in large 
numbers on the markets. The qual- 
ity usually is good and the selection 
wide, say Penn State vegetable spe- 
cialists. 



Water Is Needed. — Cows in milk 
need plenty of water at all times and 
especially in hot weather, according 
to State College dairy specialists. 




Third and Foueth Degree Team, Cambridge Grange, No. 168 



Page 12 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



July, 1931 




Our Juvenile Granges 



Clara E. Dewey, Waterford 



Motto — Prepare in Happy Child- 
hood FOR Intelligent Manhood 
AND Womanhood. 



Dear Juveniles: 

A few days ago I heard a popping 
noise that reminded me of the pop- 
ping of firecrackers and some one said, 
"That sounds like the Fourth of July." 
The thought came to me that it was 
nearing the Fourth and another Ju- 
venile page should be on its way. 

I hope you will all have a fine time 
on the "Glorious Fourth" but be sure 
it is a "safe and sane" good time. We 
would feel dreadful if any of our 
Juveniles were to be badly hurt cele- 
brating this holiday. 

I expect that firecrackers, cannon, 
and torpedoes appeal to all of you but 
please be careful. For myself, I'd 
rather have a picnic. If any of you 
Juveniles have a picnic won't you 
write and tell me about it? I am not 
getting news items enough. Remem- 
ber that I am asking you to help me 
out. And now again best wishes for 
a fine time. 

Clara Dewey. 



Now for our programs. For a pa- 
triotic program why not take Amer- 
ica? There are songs about America 
such as "My Country 'Tis of Thee," 
"America the Beautiful," "America 
for Me," and others. Then papers on 
How Our Country Was Settled, The 
Natural Resources, Great Men of Our 
Country, and others which will sug- 
gest themselves to you. 

You might play a game Johnny 

went to using the names of our 

large cities and the rest guess where 
Johnny went. 

Charades could be had by acting 
out the names of lakes, cities, rivers 
or any thing that could be acted out. 
A roll call. Where I would like to go, 
which would bring out the names of 
places of interest in America and why 
they were interesting. 

Why not let the boys give a pro- 
gram having in it things in which 
boys are interested. Boys who became 
famous, How boys can help their 
country, and thin^ like that would 
make good talks or essavs. 

The 4-H Club song for boys, "The 
Plowing Song" is a song for boys that 
they will like to sing. Ask the boys 
to tell of the activities of the 4-H 
Clubs, Scouts, Hi-Y or their Sunday 
school class. 

Come on boys, and let's give them a 
program 1 



Matrons, why not start a Lecturer's 
Library ? The entertainment houses 
like Eldridge, Bugbee, and others 
have 80 many inexpensive books that 
would be of great assistance in plan- 
ning programs. 

There are Jolly Junior Dialogues, 
drill books, books of recitations, dia- 
logues and plays for country schools. 

If any of you have started such a 
library won't you write me and tell 
the names of your books? 



A Nation's Hope 

Who are the men of tomorrow t 
Seek ye the boys of today; 

Follow the plow and the harrow; 
Look where they rake the hay. 

Walk with the cows from the pasture; 
Seek 'mid the tasseled com; 

Who are the men of tomorrow! 



Look at your sturdy arm; 
A nation's hope for the future, 
Lives with the boy on the farm. 



A Boy's Song 

Where the pools are bright and deep, 
Where the gray trout lies asleep, 
Up the river and over the lea, 
That 's the way for Billy and me. * 

Where the blackbird sings the latest 
Where the hawthorn blooms the sweetest, 
Where the nestling chirp and flee, 
That's the way for Billy and me. 

Where the mowers mow the cleanest, 
Where the hay lies thick and greenest; 
There to trace the homeward bee, 
That's the way for Billy and me. 

Where the hazel bank is steepest 
Where the shadow falls the deepest, 
Where the clustering nuts fall free, 
That's the way for Billy and me. 

Why the boys should drive away 
Little sweet maidens from the play, 
Or love to banter and fight so well, 
That's the thing I never could tell. 

But this I know — I love to play, 
Through the meadow, among the hay; 
Up the water and o'er the lea, 
That's the way for Billy and me. 

— James Hogg. 



Today we have the last of the Bird 
Letters by Mr. Anderson. I am sure 
you have all enjoyed them. How 
many of the birds he described have 
you seen ? Let's give him a rising vote 
of thanks for his kindness in writing 
them for us. Everybody up. — That's 
fine. It was a unanimous vote. 

Dear Young Friends : 

We will close this series of letters 
by calling your attention to one of 
our later comers. The red headed 
woodpecker sometimes stays with us 
all winter and sometimes migrates. 
In the latter case they do not return 
until much later than some other 
birds, perhaps not before the first of 
July. They seem to time their coming 
with the growth of insects in our 
trees. When the wood-boring beetle 
has laid her eggs under the bark of 
our trees, she dies happy in the delu- 
sion that her little ones are absolutely 
safe from all harm. But let the eggs 
hatch and begin boring in the trees 
and our friend redhead comes along, 
holds his ear to the bark to locate the 
insect, and then begins drilling. 
Holding on with both feet and firmly 
braced with his stiff tail feathers, he 
soon reaches the insect. He then 
thrusts in his barbed tongue and, "it's 
just too bad for the beetle." 

I am sure that many of you have 
seen and admired this very conspicu- 
ous feathered friend. The birds are 
nearly as large as the robin. Both 
male and female have the head, and 
neck crimson, breast and under parts 
of the body and part of the tail white, 
and the rest of the body black. The 
young birds are gray in color and se- 
cure the gay colors only with the sec- 
ond year. This bird never sings, but 
utters a sort of piercing scream. He 
also likes to beat on any surface that 
will give a resounding echo. He has 
been observed to beat a tattoo on sea- 
soned limbs of hardwood trees, on tin 
roofs or gutters, or even on eave- 
spouts. He often courts his mate in 
this way and is so successful that he 
needs no song. With the approach of 
the nesting season, the birds will select 
a partly decayed tree or stub and drill 



a large cavity into the tree and down- 
ward, making the hole several inches 
deep. Most of the chips will be thrown 
out, but some of the finer ones will be 
left for the nest. Here the female will 
lay four, five, or six glossy white eggs. 
When these hatch, bith parents are 
kept very busy hunting food for the 
little ones. These birds have learned 
to vary their diet, so that they are 
rarely without food. While beetles are 
their natural food, they have also 
learned the art of fly catching. You 
may see them perched on a post, where 
they wait until a fly approaches, when 
they will dart into the air, snap it up, 
and return to their perch to wait for 
another. They also consume some cul- 
tivated fruits and are very fond of 
nuts. They are thrifty birds and when 
nuts are plentiful they often store 
them up in various crevices for use in 
winter. If they secure a sufficient 
store, they will likely remain with us 
all winter. 

Now young people, if these little 
articles have increased your interest 
in birds we trust that you will watch 
them, read about them, join Audubon 
clubs or Boy Scout or Girl Scout bird 
clubs and so find out all you can about 
them. You will be surprised at the 
great number found in our State as 
well as at the great variety of their 
plumage and tones. When you learn 
all about them you will find that near- 
ly every one of them is a friend. 

In closing allow me to wish you all 
possible pleasure in studying these na- 
tive feathered friends. 

R. W. Anderson, 
Biology Department of Union 
City High School. 



Miss Bogart of State College, has 
sent in a book with delicious candy 
recipes in it and I am going to put in 
a few each month. 

For this month we will have the 
things required to get ready. There 
are some rules to follow, here is one — 

When your hands are clean and your 

recipe read. 
Get all the materials and then go 

ahead. 

Your hands should always be clean, 

you know. 
But before you pull taffy, especially 

so! 

Wash them, rub them and dry them 

with care 
That when pulling, you may have an 

extra clean pair. 



Questions for debates from the New 
Jersey Juvenile Superintendent: 

Resolved: That the cow is of more 
value than the horse. 

Resolved: That the piano is of 
more value in the home than the 
radio. 

Resolved: That school days are bet- 
ter than vacation. 

Resolved: That it is healthier to 
live in the country than in the city. 



A Little Boy's Lament 
By a. T. Worden 
I'm going back down to grandpa's 

I won 't come back no more 
To hear remarks about my feet 

A muddyin' up the floor. 
They's too much said about my clothes 

The scoldin's never done 
I'm goin' back down to grandpa's 

Where a boy can have some fun. 

I dug up half his garden 

A gittin' worms for bait 
He said he used to like it 

When I laid abed so late; 
He said that pie was good for boys, 

And that candy made 'em grow 
If I can's go to grandpa's 

I'll turn pirate fust yon know. 



He let me take his shotgun, 

An' loaded it fer me 
The cats they hid out in the barn, 

The hens flew up a tree; 
I had a circus in the yard 

With twenty other boys 
I'm going back down to grandpa's 

Where they ain't afraid of noise. 



He didn't make me 

But once or twice 
He wasn't watchin' 

I hadn't ought to 
He told me^tories 

And Indians shot 
Oh I'm goin' down 

For he knows wot 



comb my hair 
a week; 

out for words 

speak ; 

'bout the war, 
out west, 
to grandpa's 

boys like best. 



He never run a race with me 

But had to stop and cough 
He rode my bicycle and laughed 

Because he tumbled off; 
He knew the early apple trees 

Around within a mile, 
Oh grandpa was a dandy, 

An ' was "in it " all the while. 

I bet you grandpa's lonesome, 

I don't care what you say; 
I seen him kinder cryin* 

When you took me away, 
When you talk to me of heaven, 

Where all the good folks go 
I guess I'll go to grandpa's 

An' we'll have good times I know. 

Juniata, Pa. 



A JUVENILE GRANGE PRESENTS 
PROGRAM TO SUBORDINATE 

On May 9th, East Franklin Juve- 
nile Grange, No. 131, of Greene Coun- 
ty, presented an interesting progn'am 
to Carmichaels Subordinate Grange 
of the same county with a view of 
arousing interest in the Jevenile 
Grange which it is hoped can be es- 
tablished at Carmichaels. Because of 
the unusual interest attached to this 
affair, we publish the program, in full. 
This should inspire other Juveniles to 
do likewise. 

"The First Mother's Day," John 
Kiger. 

"Quotations," by Juveniles. 

"Why I Love My Mother," Gwen- 
dolyn Stephenson. 

"A Bouquet for Mother," Virginia 
Mae Conklin. 

"A Youthful Speaker," Marie Cum- 
mins. 

"Home, Sweet Home," pantomime, 
Mary Louise Inghram. 

Drama, "Epanemondes and His 
Mammy," Harvey Strosnider and My- 
rene Scott. 

"A Mother's Job," Eva Cumber- 
ledge. 

Vocal solo, Edward Williamson. 

"My Mother's Hands," recitation 
and pantomime, Wilma Scott and 
Elizabeth Ely. 

"A Boy's Mother," Perry Cummins. 

Violin duet, "Wonderful Mother of 
Mine," Charles Williamson and Anna 
Kiger. 

"Helping Mamma," Jack Cummins. 

"Mother Knows," Jimmy Ashcraft. 

Exercise, "Doing For Mother," 
Frances Hotko, Edward Walker, Mary 
Cumberledge, Glen Robinson and 
Ellen Varner. 

Boys' quartet, Glise Mariner, Har- 
old Varner, Kent Jacobs, and Jack 
Roberts. 

Play, "Mother's Day." Characters: 
Mrs. Agatha Adams, school board 
member, Flora Haught Burge ; Laura 
Bell, Mavis Efaw; Betty, Alene Cum- 
mins; Anna, June Flowers; Lenore, 
Martha Strosnider; Carl, Harvey 
Strosnider; Howard, Hobart Swart; 
Ralph, Charles Conklin. 

"Before It Is Too Late," Wilma 
Scott. 

Essay, "What Mother Means to 
Me," Hugh Williamson. 

"Mother Pays," Jay Walker. 

"The Songs My Mother Loved," 
Jack Roberts, assisted by Betty Mor- 
ris, June Flowers, Lucille Stephenson, 
Wilma Scott, and Mary Louise 
Inghram. 



July, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 13 



jIOTOR VEHICLE BUREAU 
KEEPS CAREFUL RECORD 

OF ALL CARS, DRIVERS 

Pennsylvania claims the distinction 
of having the largest and most com- 
prehensive collection of automotive 
records in the world. 

A total of 1,843,539 registrations 
were issued by the Bureau of Motor 
Vehicles in 1930. It follows that the 
vest number of records pertaining 
not only to that many motor vehicles 
but also to the approximate 2,500,000 
operators requires the maintenance of 
an elaborate record-keeping system. 
This task is handled by the record 
section. 

There are at present in this section 
approximately 52,000,000 records re- 
quiring the attention of from 200 to 
250 clerks. This collection is divided 
into several units, the smallest con- 
taining almost 2,000,000 records and 
the largest more than 7,500,000. Cer- 
tain of the data are preserved for two 
years in addition to the current year, 
some for three years and some indefi- 
nitely. Adequate cross-reference sys- 
tems are maintained in order that any 
information pertaining to a particu- 
lar motor vehicle or operator may be 
quickly available. 

Files are arranged alphabetically 
by name of the owner or operator, 
others by make of car and manu- 
facturer's number and still others by 
registration number, certificate of 
title or operator's number. Practi- 
cally every known name is represented 
in one or more of the files. While it 
may be difficult for some persons to 
realize that no matter how uncom- 
mon their name may be, there is prob- 
ably someone else bearing the same 
name and often the same initials. In 
the case of the more common names 
they are duplicated several hundred 
and in some cases several thousand 
times. This calls for extreme accu- 
racy in filing. In some files it has 



been found necessary to split the al- 
phabet into 45,000 divisions in order 
that records may be filed speedily and 
accurately and be made readily acces- 
sible. 

Stolen car records, revocations and 
suspensions of operators' licenses or 
any other unusual circumstances con- 
cerning a motor vehicle or operator, 
even though the original record or in- 
formation may originate in another 
section, eventually finds its proper 
place in the record section. Once 
there it becomes a "flag" or a "stop 
signal" against that particular car or 
operator until the objection is re- 
moved or satisfactorily adjusted. 

Inquiries for information by way of 
letters, telephone calls or personal 
callers comprise a large part of the 
work of the section. On an average 
day about 2,000 letter inquiries are re- 
ceived. Continuous telephone service 
is maintained for the exclusive pur- 
pose of rendering aid in tracing own- 
ership of motor vehicles that have be- 
come involved in accidents or in 
violations of the law. This service 
oper ates twenty-four hours daily. 

The Pennsylvania Bureau of Motor 
Vehicles is believed to be the only one 
operating day and night shifts. By 
means of this all transactions taking 
place during the day are recorded on 
the necessary file cards. These are 
then taken over by the second shift 
and are filed the same night. When 
the bureau opens the next morning 
the previous day's records are in the 
files and available for "lookups." 



Feed for Profit. — Careful feeding 
of dairy cows is especially important 
when milk prices are low. The ration 
should be carefully balanced and grain 
fed strictly in accordance with the 
amount of milk produced. Careless- 
ness in feeding increases milk produc- 
tion costs. 



Feed Wheat to Poultry. — Ground 
wheat can be used instead of a large 
part of the other wheat products in 
the poultry mash mixture. Good re- 
sults are obtained when the combina- 
tion is properly balanced. 



Improve Pastures. — Permanent 
pasture sod usually can be improved 
greatly in quality and carrying ca- 
pacity by the use of lime, manure, and 
fertilizers. It will respond to these 
in much the same manner as other 
crops, say Pennsylvania State College 
specialists. 

Use Grass Mulch. — Grass cuttings 
or old leaves make an excellent mulch 
for newly planted shrubs and trees. 
This mulch will conserve moisture 
and control weed growth. 



Read every advertisement. 



Be£;oIuttons( of S^s^pect 



Under this heading will be printed resolutions adopted by 
Granges, for which a rate of 2 cents per word will be 
charged, cash to accompany copy. 



Hasten Vegetable Growth. — A 
readily available nitrogen fertilizer 
applied as a side dressing will speed 
up the growth of leafy vegetables, 
such as lettuce, asparagus, celery, and 
spinach. 



Mention Grange News when reply- 
ing to advertisements. 



Pennsylvania State Grange 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY 

PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 

Grange Seals $.1 . 00 

Digest 60 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, per set of 9 3 .00 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, single copy 40 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 4 . 00 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 3.25 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy 35 

Constitution and By Laws 10 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony t 10 

Song Books, "The Patron," board covers, cloth, single copy or less than 

half dozen 60 

per dozen 6.00 

per half dozen 3 . 00 

Hues Account Book 75 

Secretary 's Record Book 70 

Treasurer 's Account Book 70 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange to Pomona, per hundred 1 .00 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 25 85 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 100 3 . 25 

Roll Book ; 75 

Application Blanks, per hundred 50 

Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred 60 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty 25 

Notice of Arrearage, per hundred 40 

Notice of Suspension, per hundred 40 

Secretary 's Receipts, per hundred 45 

Urder on Treasurer, per hundred 40 

Ireasurer 's Receipts 40 

Trade Cards, per hundred 50 

Uemit Cards, each 01 

Withdrawal Cards, each 01 

Better Degree Work, by S. H. Holland 2 . 00 

JJedication Rural Homes (Mortimer Whitehead) 10 

Book of Patriotic Plays, Tableaux and Recitations 35 

Bumorous Recitations, Poetry and Prose 35 

A Brief History of the Grange Movement in Pennsylvania, by W. F. Hill . . .30 

Grange Hall Plans 30 

In ordering any of the above supplies, the c^sh must always accompany the 

rder. The Secretary is not authorized to open accounts. 

Remittances should be made by Postal Money Orders, Checks, or Registered 

etter. Orders for supplies must bear the Seal of the Grange for which ordered. 

By order of Executive Committee, 

John H. Light, Secretary, 
Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



LEBO 

Whereas, It has pleased God In His In- 
finite wisdom to remove from family and 
friends our beloved brother, John Lebo, of 
Bloservllle Grange ; therefore, be It 

Resolved, The Cumberland County Pomona 
Grange No. 2 in session this 23d day of 
May, 1931, hereby expresses Its loss In the 
death so untimely and premature. He was 
a true and loyal member, alert to the Inter- 
ests of community and family. He was de- 
voted to the interests of Bloservllle Grange. 

Signed. 

J. Mac. Graham, 
John A. Smith, 

A. L. BlERBOWER. 

MEIXELL 

Whereas, By the providence of God, 
Roily L. Meixell has been removed from our 
membership by death ; be It 

Resolved. That Cumberland County Po- 
mona Grange No. 2 in session this 23d day 
of May, 1931. hereby express its loss in the 
death of this departed brother. 

He was an outstanding citizen in honor 
and patriotism, having served his community 
and country in three wars, in which he was 
advanced to the post of captain In Philippine 
service ; and be It further 

Resolved, That these resolutions be snread 
on the minutes of the Grange, be published 
In the Grange News and local papers and a 
copy sent to the bereaved family. 

Signed, 

J. Mac. Graham, 
John A. Smith. 

A. L. BlERBOWER. 

BUBR 

Whereas, It has pleased aimighty God to 
remove from this earthly nabitation our 
Worthy Past Master, David E. Burr; there- 
fore, be It 

Resolved, That Pomona Grange No. 2 of 
Cumberland County in session this 23d day 
of May. 1931. hereby expresses Its apprecia- 
tion of the sterling worth of its former 
brother and associate as follows : He was 
an honest and upright citizen. He was a 
community leader of high ability. He served 
the interests of youth In sponsoring educa- 
tional advantages to rural people. He ar- 
dently supported the cause of Christianity ; 
and. be It 

Resolved, That these resolutions be snread 
on the minutes of this Grange, be published 
In the Granoe News and the local papers 
and a copy sent to the bereaved family. 

Signed. 

J. Mac. Graham. 
John A. Smith. 

A. L. BlERBOWER. 

OKNEFSKI 

WiiERFAS, It has pleased our heavenly Fa- 
ther to remove from our midst Brother Fred 
Oknefskl. a charter member of Montmorenci 
Grange No. 1704; therefore be it 

Resolved, That we bow In humble submis- 
sion to His divine will : and 

Resolved, That the heartfelt sympathy of 
thin Grange be extended to his bereaved 
family and mourning friends ; be It further 

Resolved, That our charter be draped for 
thirty days, that a copy of these resolutions 
be sent to the bereaved family, be spread 
upon the minutes of the Grange, and that a 
copy be published in the Ridpwny Daily Rec- 
ord and in the Pennsylvania Grange News. 

C. R. RiCKARD, 

Harry Lewis, 

Harry R. Larson, Sec'y. 

THOMAS 

Whereas. The angel of death has again 
entered the Markleysburg Grange, No. 1941, 
and has taken from us Brother Paul P. 
Thomas ; 

Resolved, That we. the members, extend 
our sympathy to the bereaved family, drape 
our charter for thirty days, place these 
resolutions on our minutes and publish them 
in the Grange News. 

N. L. Dtehl. 

E. F. M'Clintock, 

Chab. Laub. 



LE VAN 

Whereas, Our heavenly Father has called 
from earthly cares our Sister, Lula Le Van ; 
be it 

Resolved, That we, members of Catawlssa 
Grange, No. 216, extend heartfelt sympathy 
to father, husband and son, drape our char- 
ter, record these resolutions, and publish 
same in Grange News. 

Sarah Thomas, 
Laura Creasy, 
Daisy Le Van, 

LE VAN. 

Whereas. Our heavenly Father has called 
from earthly cares our Sister, Sarah Cather- 
ine Le Van ; be it 

Resolved, That we, members of Catawlssa 
Grange, No. 216, extend heartfelt sympathy 
to the bereaved family ; drape our charter, 
record these resolutions, and publish same 
in Grange News. 

Daisy Lk Van, 
Odetta Raup, 
Laura Creasy. 

FITZWATER 

Whereas, It has been the will of our di- 
vine Master to remove from our midst 
Brother Millard Fitzwater, a Grange worker 
for fifty-six years, also a charter member ; 
be It 

Resolved, That we, the members of Beech 
Flats Grange, No. 336. extend our heartfelt 
sympathy to the mpmbers of the bereaved 
family, drape our charter for thirty days, 
that a copy of these resolutions be sent to 
the family, also placed on our minutes and 
sent to the Grange News for publication. 

Wilbur Wright, 
Mary Wright, 
Minnie Watts, 

Committee. 

MOTER 

Whereas, It has pleased our Heavenly 
Father to remove from our midst Sister 
Walter S. Moyer ; be it 

Resolved, That we, the members of Mc- 
Keansburg Grange, No. 1256, extend our 
heartfelt sympathy to the bereaved family, 
a copy be sent to the family and be recorded 
in our minutes, also published in the Orange 
News. 

Mrs. John Shoener, 
Mrs. Jonathan Mimm, 
Mrs. John Mimm, 

Committee. 

CALHOUN 

Whereas, It has pleased the divine Mas- 
ter in His infinite wisdom to call to a higher 
life our beloved sister, Sara Ada Calhoun, a 
member of Charlesville Grange, No. 698 ; 
be it 

Resolved, That we bow In humble submis- 
sion to the will of our Heavenly Father, as 
we realize the uncertainty of this life and 
extend to the bereaved relatives our most 
sincere sympathy ; and further be it 

Resolved, That as a token of respect, our 
charter be drap«d for thirty days, and that 
a copy of these resolutions be sent to the 
family, placed on the minutes of our Grange 
and published in Oranoi News. 

Mrs. J. A. S. Bbkolb, 
Mrs. p. C. Dibhl, 
Mrs. H. H. SHArrKS. 

ARNOLD-REMALET 

Whereas, The divine Master has called 
from our midst Sister Margaret Arnold, a 
highly respected member of Chippewa 
Grange, No. 1592, also Nellie Remaley, a 
charter member of Juvenile Grange, No. 
112; be It 

Resolved, That we extend our heartfelt 
sympathy to the bereaved families, and 
drape our charter for a period of thirty 
days ; and be It further 

Resolved, That these resolutions be placed 
on our minutes, a copy sent to the bereaved 
families, and be published In the Pknnstl- 
VANTA Grange News. 

M. C. Banks, 
John Braun, 
Mrs. John C. T. EET.nKn, 
Commitrte. 



Page 14 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



July, 1931 



EARLY FEEDING TJEQED 

FOE YOUNG TUEKEYS 

Young turkeys should be fed as 
soon as they are old enough to move 
to the brooders or batteries, accord- 
ing to Poultry Extension Specialist 
H. H. KaufFman, of the Pennsylvania 
State College. 

Early feeding does not affect the 
rate of yolk absorption and, there- 
fore, will not kill the poults. Occa- 
sionally, some broods of poults are 
slow in learning to feed and some 
practically starve before starting to 
eat. If they are not fed until seventy 
hours old, the owner will lose two 
days when he might be teaching the 
poults to eat. 

From the beginning the starting 
mash may be kept before the birds 
without danger of their overeating. 
When the birds run out of feed and 
they become ravishingly hungry the 
poults may overeat when an abundant 
supply of feed is placed before them. 

Young turkeys are raised on any 
good chick ration, but they seem to 
make slightly more rapid and eco- 
nomic gains if meat scrap, fish meal 
or dried milk is added. 

A mash to be fed without grain up 
to 8 weeks of age is mixed as follows : 
100 pounds of yellow cornmeal, sixty- 
five pounds of standard wheat bran, 
sixty pounds of wheat flour middlings, 
fifty pounds of ground oat groats or 
heavy oats ground fine, sixty pounds 
of dried milk, twenty-five pounds of 
alfalfa leaf meal, twenty pounds of 
steamed bone meal, fifty-five pounds 
of meat scrap, fifty-five pounds of fish 
meal, five pounds of salt and five 
pounds of cod liver oil. 

Mash to be fed after 8 weeks of 
age is composed of 135 pounds of yel- 
low cornmeal, seventy-five pounds of 
standard wheat bran, seventy pounds 
of wheat flour middlings, sixty pounds 
of ground oat groats or heavy oats 
ground fine, twenty-five pounds of al- 
falfa leaf meal, seventy pounds of 
meat scrap, forty pounds of dried 
milk, five pounds of salt, and twenty 
pounds of steamed bone meal. 

If the poults are confined, the cod 
liver oil should be contained in the 
second mhsh formula until ten weeks 
before the turkeys are to be marketed. 



faces of the leaves. A second applica- 
tion about ten days after the first one 
will be necessary if the spraying 
lacked thoroughness. Spraying for 
the second brood should take place 
about the middle of August. 

Satisfactory summer contact sprays 
for the control of lace bugs may be 
obtained from most hardware stores, 
drug stores and seed stores. If the 
concentrated spray does not already 
contain soap, some should be added 
to make the insecticide more effective. 
Use either an insecticide soap as rec- 
ommended on the container, or a good 
grade of laundry soap at the rate of 
about one-half an ounce to one gallon 
of diluted spray. 



LACE BTTGS GEEEDY 

LEAF DESTEOYEES 

Rhododendrons and azaleas are sub- 
ject to infestation and serious injury 
by small, sucking insects having 
white, lace-like wings and flat, gray- 
ish bodies. They are known as lace 
bugs. The young resemble adults ex- 
cept for a lack of wings. 

Lace bugs injure rhododendrons 
and azaleas By sucking plant juices 
from the lower surfaces of the* leaves, 
upon which mottled grayish or brown- 
ish spots appear following an infec- 
tion. Heavy infest&tions cause the 
leaves to curl, dry up and often in 
the fall of the year to drop off. The 
lower surfaces of infested leaves are 
usually disfigured by black specks of 
excrement and the cast-off skins of 
the young bugs. The insect passes 
the winter in the egg stage on leaves 
and possibly in the bark of tender 
twigs. Hatching occurs about the 
middle of May and there are usually 
two broods each year. 

Infested plants should be sprayed 
early in June with a commercially 
prepared mixture of nicotine and soap, 
or of pyrethrum and soap. The spray 
may be used at the same strength as 
is recommended on the container for 
the control of plant lice. Experienced 
gardeners may prefer to make their 
own spray mixture at home. The 
spraying must be thorough, wetting 
the lower as well as the upper sur- 



POMONA LECTUEEES OF 

WYOMING MEET 

Pomona Lecturer, Mrs. Lulu Van- 
Scoy of Center Moreland, called a 
meeting of the lecturers of the county 
at the court house. May 12th, at 2 
p. m. Reports were given on the Lec- 
turers' Conference held at State Col- 
lege. 

The Pomona Grange gave each lec- 
turer $5 to buy materials that would 
be of assistance in their work. Each 
lecturer reported on the books, etc., 
bought with the money. 

A number of those present ex- 
pressed an interest in having a play 
to compete for first place — which 
would mean taking the play to the 
State Show in January. Any rural 
organization which means any organ- 
ization in Wyoming County is eligible 
to compete. 

According to some reports farm 
women are listed as not having an oc- 
cupation, but if you were to visit the 
various Granges in the county, you 
would see that most of the lecturers' 
offices are held by women — and the 
lecturer's office is the most important 
office in the Grange. 

Miss Bernice Perschbacher, Home 
Economics representative, gave a talk 
on the nature of Home Economics Ex- 
tension work. The projects offered by 
the Extension Department were ex- 
plained and questions were answered. 



Convict Killer Hen. — Cannibal 
birds in the poultry flock can be de- 
tected by blood on the head or beak. 
If this evidence cannot be found, 
drive the flock slowly past a dead 
hen. The hen that picks at the dead 
bird convicts herself, say Penn State 
poultry specialists. 



When to Requeen. — Requeening 
should be done toward the end of the 
last honey flow of the season. The 
operation preferably should be per- 
formed before the middle of Septem- 
ber. New queens may be reared by 
the beekeeper or purchase4 from a re- 
liable breeder. 



Cows Need Much Water. — Dairy 
cows should have all the water they 
need to drink and have it when they 
want it. Drinking cups in the stable 
make this possible. Their cost often 
is repaid in a single season through 
increased milk production. 



Give Birds Good Care. — Give the 
breeding birds a properly balanced 
ration and allow them free range in 
nice weather if you expect a large 
number of eggs that will hatch a high 
percentage of strong chicks. 



Take Out Poor Trees. — There is 
still time to improve part of the wood- 
lot this winter by taking out the 
dead, poorly shaped, and inferior 
trees. Give the best trees a better 
chance to grow into valuable timber. 



THE ELECTRIC HEN 

By Old Man Kelly of Kelly's 
Hollow 

The electric incubator 

Is quite a recent fad; 
This poultry perculator 

Is really not so bad. 
A peep obtains a mother 

By a new electric hen 
And nothing seems to bother 

The little chicken pen. 

The electric incubator 

Is warranted to work; 
It's a western calculator 

To hatch a duck or turk. 
The chick may be a stranger 

And never see a hen ; 
It's business for a granger. 

This new electric hen. 

You never have desertion 

Of a hen upon a nest; 
There is no vile perversion 

By the new electric test; 
The guess work is depleted. 

There is no trouble when 
The work is all completed 

By the new electrixj hen. 



love. To look up at the blue sky; to 
see the sun sink slowly beyond the 
line of the horizon; to watch the 
worlds come twinkling into view, first 
one by one, and the myriads that no 
man can count, and lol the universe 
is white with them, and you and I are 
here. — Marco Morrow. 



MISCELLANY 



"Did you say your prayers, son?" 

"Yes, father." 

"Did you ask to be made a good 
boy ?" 

"Yes, dad. And I put in a good 
word for you and mother, too." 



Feed Livestock Well. — For best 
results livestock need feed and atten- 
tion. They cannot develop properly 
on empty stomachs anymore than an 
automobile can run without a supply 
of gas. 



TO BE ALIVE 



It IS a glorious privilege to live, to 
know, to act, to listen, to behold, to 



Quack Medicine Salesman : "Ladies 
and gentlemen, I have sold 6,000 bot- 
tles of this marvelous remedy, and 
not a complaint have I received. 
What, I ask you, does that prove?" 
Voice from the Crowd: "Dead men 
tell no tales." — New Success. 

It is not economy to cut down the 
amount of regular fertilizer quantity. 



Classified Department 



LIVE STOCK 



WHEN YOUB COW DOES NOT BREED— 

Why wait any longer? Try "Cowtone" 30 
minutes before service. (Smallest package, 
$1.70 for 2 cows; $4.90 for 8 cows.) Wood- 
lawn Farm, LlnesviUe, Pennsylvania, Route 
No. 2, Box 86B. 

60 CHOICE HEREFORD COWS with 
calves. Also bred back to calf March 1, 1932, 
to the best registered bulls In the country. 
Win cost $115 per head and will sell in lots 
to suit purchaser. Located 2 miles north 
Waldo, Ohio, on State Route 98. Frank 
Rush, Marion, Ohio, Route 5. 



HERFORD CALVES AND YEARLINGS 
FOR SALE — Three hundred head extra good 
steer and heifer calves and yearlings ; have 
been well wintered, weigh from three to five 
hundred pounds. Cheap. If interested, come, 
or wire, as they won't last long at the 
price. Located one mile south of Hillsboro, 
Ohio, on State Route 38. Henry Dunlap. 

BUY CANADIAN-BRED H0L8TEIN COWS 

and heifers freshening this spring. Ad- 
vanced Registration grading. You will like 
our type, breeding, size, and production. 
Healthy herds conveniently located close to 
the border to choose from. A few real good 
young bulls available. Write for listing and 
prices. Apply Director of Extension, 

HOLBTEIN-FRIESIAN AflSOCIATION OF CANADA, 

Brantford, Ontario. 



MINERAL RODS 



MINERAL RODS — Sold on all money-back 
guarantee If not well satisfied after using it 
3 days. Mention this magazine when an- 
swering this advertisement. T. D. Robinson, 
Box 68, Elgin, Texas. 



DOGS 



PEDIGREED COLLIE PUPPIES — Malei, 
$15, $20; Female*r, $10. Pure maple syrup, 
gallon, $2.50, postpaid. Write : Plummeb 
McCuLLouGH, Mercer, Pa. 



WOMAN'S WANTS 



BUY DIRECT — From distributors. Send 
$6.50 for not less than 120 assorted disbes, 
guaranteed, consisting of twelve of each 
cups, saucers, all sizes plates, sauce dlshM, 
oatmeals, sugar, creamer, platter, etc. Same 
on decorated one design, $9.00, Factory im- 
perfections. Freight paid over $1.00. 
Standard China Company. 204 Bowery. 
New York City, Box 315. 



HONEY 



CLOVER HONEY, 10 lbs., $1.85; Buck- 
wheat, $1.65 ; postpaid, third zone. Com- 
plete list free. Samples, six cents. Robcob 
F. WiXBON. Dundee, New York. 



PLANTS 



NORTHERN GROWN Cabbage Plants. 
Copenhagen, Golden Acre and Danish Ball- 
head. Prepaid 500, $1.00; 1,000, $1.60. 
Express $1.00 per 1,000. Feloers Plant 
Farm, New Springfield, Ohio. 



GUARANTEED PLANTS— 24 hour service 
Capacity 250,000 daily. Plants dug fresh for 
your order. Cabbage: Copenhagen, Glory, 
Railhead, Savoy, Flatdutch, Golden Acre, 
Red. Postpaid: 1.000 — $1.65; 500 — $1.10' 
200 — 60c ; Expressed : 5,000 — $6.25 ; 10,000 
— $10.00. Onions: 500 — $1.00. Cauliflower 
and Broccoli: ro— 35c ; 100 — 60c; 500— 
$1.75; 1,000— $3.00. Transplanted Toma- 
tos. Celery, Asters, Peppers: 50 — 65c; 100 — 
$1.20. Port Melijnoer, Dept. PO, North 
Lima, Ohio. 



CABBAGE-CAULIFLOWER PLANTS — 

Strong. 8tocJ<y for late planting: Golden 
Acre Copenhagen, Glory, Flatdutch, Ball- 
head. Prepaid — 200, 60 cents ; 500. $1.00 • 
1.000, $1.65; 5.000, $6.25 express collect'. 
Cauliflower : 100, 60 cents ; 200, $1 75 ■ 
1.000. $3.00. Celery: 250. $1.00. W J 
Myers. R. 2, MassUlon, Ohio, 
minutes before service. Many satisfied cus- 
i°>.T/^; (Smallest package, $1.70 for 2 cows; 
$4.90 for 8 cows.) Woodlawn Farm, Llnes- 
viUe, Pennsylvania, Route No. 2, Box 86B 



PATCHWORK— 5 pounds clippings M 
sorted colors, $1.00 ; four pounds blanktt 
remnants, $1.00; four pounds cretonne SMD- 
pie pieces. $1.00 ; four pounds silk ai4 
cotton rug strips. $1.00. Pay postman plM 
postage. Large package silks. 25c. Beauti- 
ful colors, postpaid. National Textili 
Co.. 661 Main St., Cambridge. Mass. 



FOR SALE 



FOR SALE at a bargain — An acetylene 
plant, consisting of 3 burners ; tank, hold- 
ing 20 gallons ; lamp ; z heaters for cold 
weather. Will sell for $50 ; discarded for 
electric range. Mrs. James P. Dlalttbi, 
Dalton, Pa., (Brae-Slde). 



POULTRY 



WHITE LEGHORN PULLETS, $1 — 

hatched from layers and payers. Nelsok'b 
Poultry Farm. Grove City, Pa. 



GRANGE SUPPLIES _ 

GRANGE LETTER HXAD8 ~ They tr* 
beauties ; printed In two colors with embls^ 
in the background. Ruled or unruled pftp*' 
Send for samples. Granqb Nkw« Orrio* 
Cbambersburg. Pa 



MISCELLANEOUS 

EARN a piano crocheting at home, spare 
time. No selling or investment. No experi- 
ence needed. Braumuller Co.. Union City. 

N. J. 

HAY, GRAIN. PRODUCE 



WANTED — Hay. straw, grain. poUtoei. 
apples, cabbage, etc. Carloads pay hlfbs"* 
market prices. For Sale alfalfa hay, ••' 
corn. Thb Hamilton Co., New Castle. P»- 



July, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 15 



COOPERATIVE LOAN FEATURES 

OF FEDERAL FARM BOARD 

Cooperative Loan Provisions and Limi- 
tations — Upon application by any coop- 
erative association the board is authorized 
to make loans to it to assist in (1) the 
effective merchandizing of farm products ; 
(2) the construction or acquisition by 
purchase or lease of physical marketing 
facilities for preparing, storing, process- 
ing or merchandizing commodities; (3) 
the formation of clearing house associa- 
tions; (4) extending the membership of 
the cooperative association by educating 
the producers of the advantages of co- 
operative marketing and (5) enabling the 
association to make possible larger initial 
advances at the time of delivery of the 
products to the association than is prac- 
ticable under other credit facilities. No 
loan shall be made unless the cooperative 
association has an organization and man- 
agement, and business policies, of such 
character as to insure the reasonable 
safety of the loan. Loans for equipment 
and facilities shall not exceed 80 per 
centum of the value and no loan shall be 
made for such facilities unless the pur- 
chase price or rental is found reasonable 
by the board. Loans are not to be made 
for facilities unless the services of exist- 
ing facilities are not available at reason- 
able rates or cannot be purchased or 
leased at a reasonable price or rent. 
Loans for facilities are to be repaid on 
an amortization plan over a period not 
exceeding 20 years. Principal and inter- 
est payments are to be covered into the 
Revolving Fund. The security for loans 
shall be such as the board deems neces- 
sary. No loans or insurance agreements 
are to be made by the board if, in its 
judgment, they will result in increasing 
unduly the production of a commodity of 
which there is commonly produced a sur- 
plus in excess of the annual marketing 
requirements. 

Stahilieation Corporations Authorized 
—Upon application of the advisory com- 
modity committee for any commodity, the 
board may recognize any corporation as 
a stabilization corporation, provided it 
finds (1) that the market situation re- 
quires a stabilization corporation to carry 
out the policy of the act; (2) that the 
corporation is duly organized under the 
laws of a State or Territory; (3) that 
all the outstanding voting stock or mem- 
bership interests are owned by coopera- 
tive associations handling the commodity; 
and (4) that the corporation agrees to 
adopt and change by-laws, as the board 
may require, which shall provide for ad- 
mission of nonmember cooperative asso- 
ciations upon equitable terms. 

Corporations May Serve as Dual 
Agency — The stabilization corporation 
may act as a surplus control agency and 
a marketing agency. It may buy and 
sell in the open market for its own ac- 
count and may prepare, handle, store or 
process a commodity in order to stabilize 
prices. It may also act as selling agency 
lor its member or stockholding coopera- 
tive associations and may prepare, handle, 
store, process or merchandise for their 
account. If the corporation buys, sells 
or processes for its own account it may 
obtain loans from the board upon re- 
quest of the advisory committee to cover 
operating expenses, carrying and handling 
Charges. An adequate reserve fund shall 
De established before the corporation may 
pay dividends and all profits must be 
paid into this fund or losses paid out 
or It. If the reserve fund be inadequate 
JO cover losses they shall be met by fur- 
Jfier loans from the board. The corpora- 
tion may not withhold any commodity 
"om the domestic market if the price 
aavance results in distress to domestic 
nn?^"T"- Stockholders or members are 
not subject to assessment. In case the 
jofporation acts as agent for its member 
^"operative associations, it may also bor- 
C/'^"^® for this function from the 
Tivl^' ^^ ^^^^^ 7^^«' o^ the profits de- 
muqf K services rendered members 

serr f P^^^ ^°*° * merchandizing re- 
snffl • ' ®^<^ept when the fund reaches 
nav^^^".* amount for adequate operation, 
rp^°!^^t8 into this fund may cease. The 
for/if'"^ 25% of profits shall be used 
intere!.! '1^^'"^".* °^ ^°»"« ^""^ accrued 
baqp<i ' *®'' ^^^^^ pa<:ronage dividends 
niarL"5°° the volume of the commodity 
be DfliH rnl^'^"^^ *he corporation may 
methn^" ® accounting system, business 
by fv„ V'^P^^tS' etc., shall be prescribed 
^ *oe board and are subject to the 



board's audit and investigation at least 
once a year. 

May Assist Clearing House Associa- 
tions — The board is authorized, upon ap- 
plication from any cooperative association 
handling a commodity or of producers of 
that commodity, to assist in the organ- 
ization of producer-controlled clearing 
house associations for effecting economic 
distribution and minimizing waste or loss 
in marketing. The board may require 
registration of clearing house associa- 
tions, prescribe regulations therefor and 
may terminate such licenses. Operating 
rules are to be adopted by member co- 
operative associations subject to the 
board's approval. Independent dealers, 
handlers, distributors and processors of 
agricultural commodities shall also be 
eligible for membership in such clearing 
house associations, provided, that the pol- 
icy of such clearing house association 
shall be approved by a committee of pro- 
ducers. 

May Issue Price Insurance — The board 
may enter into agreements with coopera- 
tive associations for the insurance of co- 
operative associations against loss 
through price decline in the commodities 
handled by them. Such agreements may 
only be entered into by the board, pro- 
vided, that, in its judgment, (1) coverage 
is not available from private agencies at 
reasonable rates, (2) the insurance will 
be in furtherance of the policy of this 
act, (3) the volume of trade in the com- 
modity is sufficient to establish recog- 
nized basic prices for the market grades 
and (4) accurate records of price move- 
ments, past and present, are available 
from which to calculate risks and fix 
premium rates. The board is authorized 
to advance funds to meet insurance pol- 
icy claims, which advances together with 
interest thereon shall be repaid from pre- 
mium proceeds. 

Acts Seeks to Avoid Duplication — In 
order to avoid duplication, the act directs 
the board to cooperate with any govern- 
mental establishment in the Executive 
branch of the Government. The Presi- 
dent is authorized to direct, by Execu- 
tive order, existing governmental agencies 
to furnish the board with data and in- 
formation (except that which is confi- 
dential) and to transfer to or transfer 
from the board any office, bureau, divi- 
sion, etc., engaged in scientific or exten- 
sion work and agricultural marketing 
service. The board is also authorized to 
cooperate with any State or Territory or 
political subdivision thereof or with any 
person. 

Prescribes Regulations for Board — All 
of the accounts of the board are subject 
to periodical examination by the General 
Accounting Office under the regulation 
of the Comptroller General. No em- 
ployees or members of the board are per- 
mitted to speculate in agricultural 
commodities or own stock or membership 
interest in any association or corporation 
engaged in handling, processing or dis- 
posing of agricultural products. The act 
forbids anyone from disclosing confiden- 
tial information obtained from the board 
and prohibits any branch of the Govern- 
ment from issuing cotton price predic- 
tions. Prison terms and fines ranging 
from $5,000 to $10,000 are the penalties 
for violation of the provisions of this act. 

PROTECT EYES FROM LIGHT— Every 
light bulb which can be seen by the eye 
should be of the frosted type to cut down 
glare. Every light should have some kind 
of a shade to protect the eyes and also to 
reflect the light down where it is wanted. 
Great irritation to the eyes is caused by 
unshaded clear bulbs. 



PROTECT FARM BITILDINOS— To 

protect buildings properly all lightning 
rods should be well grounded. A wooden 
trough nailed over the down reds will 
prevent livestock or farm implements 
from running into them and loosening 
or breaking them. 

KILL WEEDS IN HOME GROUNDS— 

Weeds in walks, driveways, and other 
places around the yard may be eradicated 
by using some of the weed-killing 
preparations obtainable from reliable 
seed houses. 



PROVIDE EMERGENCY HAY— Soy- 
beans make the best emergency hay for 
the dairy herd. They should be planted 
this month. 



POMONA GRANGE NOTES 

The attendance and interest at the 
recent Pomona meeting at Markles- 
burg was the largest in several years. 
For the open sessions in the after- 
noon and evening the Methodist and 
the Lutheran churches were opened 
for the use of the Grange to accom- 
modate the large body. One matter 
of general interest was a demonstra- 
tion by the Pomona Home Economics 
Committee of the correct way to set 
a table and serve a meal. Charlotta 
Summers of the home Grange there 
conducted the demonstration with 
such composure and accuracy as to 
elicit numerous congratulations. A 
pleasing feature of this event was to 
note that the men seemed as much 
interested in "table etiquette" as the 
ladies. 

State Grange Lecturer Eisaman 
spoke in the afternoon and brought a 
challenge to present day members to 
uphold the traditions and dignity of 
the grand old order. Twenty appli- 
cants were advanced to the Fifth De- 
gree at the evening session and this 
was followed by an illustrated lecture 
on the "Holy Land'* by Cloyd Ewing, 
who recently visited there, and hi^ 
description and slides made the Bible 
lands more real than they had been 
before. 

Pomona will hold a basket picnic 
Thursday, July 16th, at the Grange 
Tabernacle on the farm owned by 
Trough Creek Grange No. 444. The 
Kiwanians of Huntingdon have voted 
to drive the twenty-five miles neces- 
sary to enable them to get to Trough 
Creek Valley and share in a genuine 
country picnic with the Grange folks. 

POULTRY SIRE'S WORTH 

SHOWN IN HIS PROGENY 

"Thousands of valuable poultry 
sires have been sacrificed by many 
poultrymen who blindly adhere to the 
old belief that only cockerels should 
head the breeding pens." 

So declares Professor W. C. Thomp- 
son, poultry husbandman of the New 
Jersey Agricultural Experiment Sta- 
tion, in explaining why poultry sires 
should be retained until their value 
as breeders has been proved or dis- 
proved by the egg records of their 
daughters. 

Three measures of the breeding 
value of a poultry sire, as listed by 
Professor Thompson, are pedigree, in- 
dividual characteristics and records 
of progeny. 

"The capacity of a male bird to be- 
get daughters capable of making prof- 
itable egg records," he advises, "is 
the most important indicator of a 
sire's value as a breeder. Information 
on this important point, however, is 
valueless if the sire was shipped to 
market at the close of his cockerel or 
first breeding season. 

"Pedigree is important because it 
furnishes a basis for estimating the 
type of progeny to be expected. Know- 
ing the pedigree increases the possi- 
bilities of improving the quality of 
progeny, but it does not necessarily 
insure these results. 

"Male birds, especially pedigreed in- 
dividuals of the type that have come 
through the breeding season in good 
health, should be retained at least un- 
til the late autumn. During the late 
spring and summer seasons poultry- 
men will be gathering information 
from the growing pullet flocks on the 
fertility, hatchability and egg produc- 
tion of the birds sired by these males. 



PLAIN FACTS 

New Granger's 
Policy 



A new plan by which 
you can have permanent 
life insurance protection at 
lower cost. This plan 
means that for the first 
five years the premiums 
are approximately one-half 
the cost of an Ordinary 
Life Policy, that this pol- 
icy carries conversion priv- 
ileges, and that it pays 
double the face of the pol- 
icy in case of death by acci- 
dent, for a small additional 
premium. 

Secure one of these poli- 
cies from your own Com- 
pany, which gives you 
maximum life in:surance 
service at minimum cost. 



FARMERS & TRADERS 
LIFE INS. CO. 

HOME OFFICE-STATE TOWER BLDG. 
SYRACUSE, N.Y. 



Mrs. Peck: "Where have you been 
all evening?" 

Miles: "At the office." 

Mrs. P. : "Then you must be made 
of asbestos, for your office building 
burned down two hours ago." 



RESOLUTIONS AT 

HUNTINGDON POMONA 

No. 1. Whereas, The prices for 
farm products have now declined to 
a point as low or lower than those re- 
ceived prior to the World War; and, 

Whereas, As a result of this loss 
of income rural America finds her- 
self in a distressed state, not being 
able to pay with a pre-war income 
taxes which have tripled, machinery 
which had doubled, professional serv- 
ices which have doubled and many 
other greatly increased expenses ; and, 

Whereas, Past history reveals the 
fact that no nation can be prosperous 
without a prosperous agriculture; 
therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we call upon all 
public officials, professional and busi- 
ness men and all others whose in- 
comes derived from the earnings of 
the people are above that which is 
consistent with the times in which we 
are living and who are benefiting 
through greatly reduced living costs 
on account of the farmers' adversity, 
to at once reduce th^ cost of their 
service to the public. 

N"o. 2. Whereas, In the last few 
years the farmers' income has been 
practically cut in half; and. 

Whereas, There is a tendency on 
the part of the government and big 
business to try to maintain wages and 
the price of manufactured goods at 
top level; and, 

Whereas, The farmer class is the 
largest single class of consumers, it 
follows naturally that if the farmer 
cannot buy the market for products 
is much restricted; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we believe it to be a 
big mistake to try to hold wages and 
pnVe<=i above the level which the law 
of supply and demand justify. 



Page 16 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



July, 1931 



eal Compensation Insurance 



Our policies furnish compensation protection as re- 
quired by the Compensation Act and in case of accident pays 
benefits according to the Act. 

We protect the employer 24 hours in the day, regardless 
of when or where an accident might occur. 

We have always paid a dividend. 

This company was organized by the sawmill men, thresh- 
ermen and farmers and is controlled by these interests. 

WRITE for detailed information, as to costs, benefits, 
etc. 



Stop ! Look ! Listen ! 

One accident is likely to cost you more than 
insurance protection for a lifetime. A protection 
that w^ill stand betw^een you and a Court and Jury 
in case of an accident is an asset to every man 
employing labor of any description. 

Safety First Is a Good Motto 



I am interested in having Casualty Insurance for my help and 
protection for myself, 34 hours in the day. I estimate my payroll 

m 

Occupation 

Name _ 

Address 



FINANCIAL STATEMENT 

DECEMBER 31, 1930 



ASSETS 

Cash $13,287.44 

Premiums in Course of Collection 26,921.51 

Premium Notes Receivable 8,170.59 

Investments 3C2,C45.42 

Accrued Interest 4,744.77 

Re-Insurance Recovered (Invest- 
ed) 2,881.42 



LIABILITIES 

Amounts Payable |88.S4 

Premiums Paid in Advance .... 5,392.27 
Reserve for Unpaid Losses ....116,887.51 
Reserve for Unearned Premiums 85,3CG.4G 

Reserve for Dividends 15,000.00 

Reserve for Unpaid Commissions 3,000.00 
Surplus 192,266.57 



1418,601.15 



$418,601.15 



A dividend of 20% is being paid to all 1930 policyholders. 



Automobile and Truck Insurance 

"SAVE MONEY BY GIVING US YOUR INSURANCE." This Company allows a discount of 25% from the Manual 
rates on all automobiles and trucks to start with. We write a Standard Policy. Fill in the at- 
tached blank and we will give you full information. 



{Stnet and Number) 



Name 

Address 

Business 

Insurance Begins jp 

Name of Car and Model Series „ 

Type of Body _ 

Serial Number 

Name of Truck 

Serial Number 



iCity) 

Expires 

Number of Cylinders. 

Motor Number 

Capacity or Weight 

Motor Number 



(.State) 



.19. 



Year Model. 



LIST PRICE 



ACTUAL COST 



PURCHASED BY ASSURED— NEW OR 
SECOND HAND 



MONTH 



YEAR 



PENNSYLVANIA THRESHERMEN & FARMERS' MUTUAL CASUALTY INSURANCE CO 



311 Mechanics Trust Building 



tHarrisburg, Pennsylvania 



I* ««*> * aokFi.arK9 s^dinsyivania 

THE PENNSYLVANIA THRESHERMEN t FARMERS' MUTUAL CASU A LTY INSURANCE COMPANY ENDORSED BY THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE PENN«.V*NU 
STATE GRANGE AS THE OFFICIAL GRANCE COMPANY TO WRITE COMPENSATION AND AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE FOR THE GRANGE mZrSH.P OF PENNSuvAr 



^ 



LIBRARY 




Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office at Ha rrisburg, Pa., under Act of Congress of March 3. 1879 



VOL. XXVIII 



HARRISBURG, PA., AUGUST, 1931 



No. 5 



Tioga Pomona 7th Degree 

Club Holds First Annual 

Picnic on June 27th 



By E. B. Dorsett 



IN DECEMBER last the 7th Degree 
I members of Tioga Pomona organ- 
ized a Social Club and held their 
first annual picnic at the home of 
Brother and Sister D. H. Ford, Sat- 
urday, June 27, 1931. The day was 
ideal, one that inspired Lowell to 
write: "And what is so rare as a day 
in June"? 

The setting was as fine as the day. 
A large lawn, plenty of shade, a long 
table, so that all could be seated and 
enjoy the picnic luncheon that had 
been prepared. It reminded one of 
the old-fashioned Sunday-school pic- 
nic, that we used to attend when a 
boy, and which seems to have been 
discarded along with many other 
wholesome social events. 

Thus far, one hundred fourteen 
have registered as 7th Degree mem- 
bers of Tioga Pomona. An effort is 
being made to get a record of all who 
belong, together with the time and 
place of joining. There were sixty- 
five in attendance, as well as some 
visitors. Brother Herbert K. Bartoo, 
Pomona Master of Potter, and his 
wife were present, and Sister Mull 
from Ulysses Grange, Potter County. 

The Worthy State Master gave a 
bripf history of the 7th Degree, ex- 
plaining its relation to agriculture, 
the lesson taught, the purpose of the 
I^'^Rree, its relation to life on the 



farm and in the home and reviewed 
some of the work of the Degree. 

This was enjoyed by all, but espe- 
cially by those who had not seen nor 
heard it explained since the Degree 
was taken. There were present three 
members who took the Degree at Har- 
risburg thirty-four years ago this 
next November. They were Brother 
and Sister Charles Bevier, of Farm- 
ington Hill Grange and Brother Will 
Everett, of Mitchell's Mills Grange. 

The meeting was held in the old 
Courthouse, which afterwards burned 
and the Degree was conferred in an 
Opera House, that stood on the site 
now occupied by the Penn-Harris 
Hotel. The Worthy State Master was 
tlie next oldest member, in point of 
service, he having taken the Degree at 
Atlantic City, in the Old Steel Pier, 
which also burned a short time after 
the meeting. You will note that the 
tires occurred after we had left and 
not while we were present. 

The object of the Club is to pro- 
mote Grange growth and interest 
throughout the county and to get bet- 
ter acfjuainted with one another. We 
often miss some of the finest oppor- 
tunities in life, for giving and receiv- 
ing the things, which make life worth 
living, by not knowing our neighbors. 
Many a discord would never have been 
heard, had those who made it, known 
each other. 



Ours is a great Farm Fraternity, 
and the Fraternal side should never be 
overlooked or underestimated. It is 
a fine thing to be able to clasp hands 
with a Brother or Sister in true 7th 
Degree form. There is feeling, fra- 
ternity and good fellowship contained 
in that grip that cannot be expressed 
in words. 

NATIONAL MASTER COMING 

TO PENNSYLVANIA 

The Worthy National Master, L. J. 
Taber, will speak at a Grange picnic 
in Washington County, place to be 
selected, Friday, August 21, 1931. In 
the evening he will speak at a Grange 
banquet in Beaver County. 

On Saturday, August 22d, he will 
speak at the Crawford Pomona an- 
nual picnic, held in conjunction with 
Kundell's Grange, in Rundell's Grove. 
The Springbow Band will furnish mu- 
sic. 

On account of other assignments, 
the Worthy State Master will not be 
able to attend these meetings, and 
has assigned the Worthy State Lec- 
turer, Brother Eisaman, in his place. 

I hope that not only the members 
in counties visited, but in all adjoin- 
ing counties, will attend these field 
meetings. Brother Taber will have a 
message that you will want to hear. 
Show your interest in your Order, 
and your faith in your National Mas- 
ter, by attending one of these meet- 
ings. Lay aside your work for the 
day, take your family and enjoy the 
day. 

STATE MASTER 

REAPPOINTED TRUSTEE 

State Master E. B. Dorsett has 
been reappointed trustee of State 
College by Governor Pinchot. 




Seventh Deoree Club of Tioga County 



Our Booster Month 

The response to my letter to Sub- 
ordinate and Pomona Masters, re- 
questing that September be made a 
Booster Month for increasing Grange 
membership, is very gratifying, and 
indicates a willingness to cooperate 
in putting on the campaign. One 
Master writes that he already has six 
names, and another ten. If each Mas- 
ter will do his or her part, it will be 
one of the biggest Grange campaigns 
ever staged in our State. There is 
not a Grange in the State that can- 
not increase its membership, if a per- 
sonal effort is made and determined 
action taken. You cannot wait for 
the applications to come; go and get 
them. 

It would be a splendid thing for 
the Grange if the conferring of the 
Third and Fourth Degree on classes 
now being formed could be deferred 
until September. If this is not pos- 
sible, then obligate the candidates in 
the regular way and confer the De- 
grees in full form at a meeting in 
September. This will permit us to 
count the members as being initiated 
during the same month. 

As a further aid in securing mem- 
bers and creating interest in the cam- 
paign, I would suggest that a Booster 
Meeting be held during the early part 
of the month. At this meeting, I 
would send written invitations to all 
who have been dropped from the roll 
and those whom you would like to 
join. Have the Lecturer prepare an 
interesting program and have com- 
mittees appointed to solicit for mem- 
bers. It will not be necessary to have 
a State si)eaker for this occasion, as 
it can all be done within your local 
Grange, and I sometimes think the 
work is more effective if done in this 
manner. The Worthy State Master 
will be pleased to render you every 
assistance possible and to make fur- 
ther suggestions, if needed.— i?. B. D. 

PENNSYLVANIA PROHIBITS 

SALE OF BASS IN STATE 

The sale of large and small mouth 
bass caught in waters within or with- 
out this Commonwealth or received 
in interstate commerce or otherwise, 
IS prohibited by provisions of a bill 
which Governor Gifford Pinchot has 
approved. 

The present law prohibits the sale 
of trout, and a great many of the 
s])ortsmen's organizations throughout 
the Commonwealth were interested in 
having a similar bill for bass enacted, 
C<)mmissioner of Fisheries O. M. 
Deibler said. He said also that the 
Federal authorities had requested the 
enactment of such a law so that it 
would tie in with their law prohibit- 
ing the interstate transportation o£ 
bass. 



Page 2 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



August, 193J 



GREAT GATHERING 

OF RURAL PEOPLE 



Coming National Grange Session 

One of Year's Big Events 

in Central West 

An outstanding event of agricultur- 
al interest, and one of the big farm 
conventions of the year in the Central 
West, will be the 65th annual session 
of the National Grange, which meets 
at Madison, Wisconsin, JS'ovember 11- 
20, and which will bring together sev- 
eral thousand people, from all the 32 
diflFerent states in which the Grange 
is organized. 

The decision to meet in Wisconsin 
was a recognition of the agricultural 
importance of the vast section occu- 
pied by this and adjoining states, and 
the coming session will be the first 
time the National Grange has ever 
met in Wisconsin; with its last con- 
vention anywhere near this territory, 
the Grand Rapids session of 1919. 
The selection of Wisconsin as the 
1931 convention state was unanimous, 
and large delegations of Grange mem- 
bers will come all the way from the 
Atlantic Coast to the Pacific, from 
the Dominion on the North to the 
Carolinas on the South. 

Prominent men from the National 
Capital will nddrpss the Madison ses- 
sion; important problems of agricul- 
ture and the welfare of rural life in 
general will be earnest topics which 
the National Grange adopts will be 
awaited with keen interest throughout 
the nation. 

The climactic event of the session 
will be the conferring of the Seventh 
Degree — highest in the Grange ritual- 
ism — on Friday, November 13th, at the 
beautiful Masonic Temple at Madi- 
son. This will be given twice, after- 
noon and evening, with at least 3,000 
initiates expected. It is considered 
one of the most beautiful of all rit- 
ualistic presentations, and the cast of 
Grange members who put it on in- 
clude men and women from more than 
a score of different states. 

The University of Wisconsin and 
the Madison Association of Commerce 
are cooperating heartily to make the 
coming Grange convention a great 
success, and some of the sessions will 
probably consider jointly with the 
University the problems confronting 
rural life. The business men of Madi- 
son are greatly interested in extend- 
ing a royal welcome to the Grange 
guests, and the facilities of the city 
will be taxed to the limit to entertain 
the expected crowd. 

Many new subordinate Granges are 
being organized in Wisconsin and ad- 
jacent states, in anticipation of the 
coming convention; and the whole 
Central West is certain to feel the 
impetus of this big farm gathering. 
During the early fall, in both Wiscon- 
sin and Illinois, special State Grange 
sessions will be held, at convenient 
centers, for conferring the sixth de- 
gree, to accommodate those members 
of the Order who wish to go to Madi- 
son and receive the Seventh Degree 
in November. 



Grange Insurance 

They Let It Lapse 

Approximately 30,000 persons died 
in 1930, whose life insurance policies, 
totaling about $30,000,000 had been 
allowed to lapse within the previous 
year. 

Real tragedy I 

It seems impossible that in every 
case it was necessary for the insured 
to drop his protection. Facts gathered 
by a leading insurance journal shows 
the extreme importance of hanging 
on to life insurance to the last ditch. 

A man with a wife and several small 
children let his policy lapse on May 
25th and on June 1st dropped dead. 
The insurance agent said: 

"I would rather have taken a whip- 
ping than to tell the widow that the 
policy had lapsed." 

On the other hand, the statistics 
gathered showed that during 1930 
American life insurance comiDanies 
paid approximately 160,400 death 
claims for a total of $64,100,000 on 
policies that had been taken out less 
than a year before, but an important 
point should be stressed right here. 
When you sign your name on the 
dotted line of an insurance applica- 
tion, plank down your money for the 
first premium for then the insurance 
is in force as soon as the application 
is approved, even though the policy 
has not been issued, otherwise the in- 
surance is not in force until the pol- 
icy has been delivered and premium 
paid. 

Life insurance is not, perhaps, the 
most pleasing of topics, but it is sure- 
ly better to discuss it intelligently be- 
forehand than to discuss it later with 
a widow whose husband failed to un- 
derstand. 

Grange Life Insurance 
The Farmers & Traders is the only 
American life insurance company af- 
filiated with the Grange. On its di- 
rectorate are many nationally known 
Grange leaders. It furnishes sound 
legal reserve life insurance at low net 
cost. Its line of policy contracts, 
twenty-six in number, cover every 
possible need of every member of the 
family. It contributes materially to 
the upbuilding of the Grange. As one 
of the most important of Grange Co- 
operative endeavors it merits the sup- 
port of grangers. Place your life 
insurance with your own company. In 
sections where the company is not 
represented, write direct to The Farm- 
ers & Traders Life Insurance Com- 
pany, Syracuse, N. Y., and a repre- 
sentative will be sent to plan with you 
your insurance program, without ob- 
ligation on your part. 



ASKS DRY LAW CHANGES 

According to the American Legisla- 
tors* Association bills to repeal or 
modify state prohibition enforcement 
laws have been introduced this year 
in twenty state legislatures. In nine 
of them the measures were defeated 
on the floor of one house; in three 
states they were killed in committee; 
in one state the measure was vetoed 
by the governor. In the seven other 
states the measures are still under 
consideration. Forty-two states took 
action either to sustain or strengthen 
some aspects of their liquor laws. 



A BRILLIANT IDEA 

An outbreak of fire had occurred in 
a baker's shop, and considerable dam- 
age had been done. Later, at his home 
in another part of the town, the bak- 
er's wife was preparing the evening 
meal. 

"If I were you," said one of her 

eighbors, "I wouldn't put much 

bread on the table. The sight of it 

might upset j'our husband after his 

trying day." 

''I hadn't thought of that," con- 
fessed the baker's wife. "I know what 
I'll do," she added, brightly. "Pll 
make him some nice toast." 



AMERICA'S CHURCH SITUATION 

According to the Home Mission 
Council of North America, there are 
ten thousand villages in the United 
States without churches of any kind, 
thirty thousand villages v.ithout resi- 
dent pastors, and more than thirteen 
million children receiving no religious 
instruction. 



FLAG ASSOCIATION 

FOR WORLD PEACE 

Eventual abolition of war is to be 
sought by the United States Flag As- 
sociation through a campaign for a 
"rational patriotism" that takes the 
aspirations of other lands into ac- 
count. Each country, according to 
the plan, will annually send envoys 
of good will to other countries and 
millions of families will concern 
themselves with essay contests on 
world friendship conducted in the 
schools of many nations. 

Thus will be achieved, according to 
Colonel James A. Moss, president gen- 
eral of the association, a mighty psy- 
chology of peace that will be more 
effective in outlawing war than any 
treaty or combination of treaties 
could possibly be. In an interview 
Colonel Moss outlined the plan, both 
as to theory and as to its application. 

"All right-thinking men want an 
end of war," said this veteran of three 
wars, "but mankind will not be ready 
for such a consummation until its in- 
stinct to fight is removed. Pacifism 
would ignore this instinct and leave 
us defenseless; peace treaties take it 
into consideration, but they become 
mere scraps of paper when it is 
aroused. 

"To remove or control the war in- 
stinct a long process of education is 
necessary. We have emerged from 
cannibalism, piracy and human sacri- 
fice only by slow degrees, and we can- 
not end that other recognized practice 
of murder — war — all at once. But we 
can end it eventually, if we are pa- 
tient, and if we make a beginning 
now. 

"Organized, systematic, continuing 
education of the childhood of the 
earth in world friendship based on 
confidence, understanding, tolerance 
and justice — education that will cause 
men to think in terms of peace and 
lead them to the conference table in- 
stead of the battlefield for adjustment 
of national differences— this is the 
only real hope of abolishing war. 

"The first step in this education is 
to be the inculcation into the world's 
childhood of rational patriotism— that 
is, patriotism free from egoism, vain- 
glory, braggadocio and jingoism; pa- 
triotism that recognizes the fact that 
while every man should love his coun- 
try there are men of other lands who 
are just as much entitled to love their 
own countries; patriotism that real- 
izes that no one country has a monop- 
oly of the good things of the world, 
and that every country can learn 
things from other countries— in short 
patriotism whose spirit is the kinship 
of the human race. 

"The time to educate man is when 
he IS a child, and therefore the road 
to world peace may be said to begin 
in the cradle, wend its way through 
the nursery, and end in the school- 
room. We must begin by having the 
hand of woman rock the cradle in the 
right direction." 



RELATION OF DLET 

TO CARE OF TEETH 

By Dr. R. C. Leonard, 

Chief, Division of Oral Hygiene, 

Department of Health, State of 

Maryland 

Every year more people are con- 
vinced of the importance of caring 
for their teeth. The realization that 
healthy mouths help to keep the body 
strong and in good condition has 're- 
sulted in regular dental examina- 
tions, in the daily cleansing of the 
teeth, morning and night and in pav- 
ing more attention to the diet. But 
to these important factors in mouth 
health should be added another that 



FOR YOUR OWN 
PROTECTIOls 

IN YOUR OWN 
GRANGE 



The Grange New Policy 
that will benefit everyone, 
that is planned and designed 
to protect each and every 
farmer at a minimum cost. 
This new form, a Modified 
Life Policy, has the follow- 
ing advantages: It provides 
permanent life insurance 
protection ; it has conversion 
privileges; double indemnity 
may be had for a small addi- 
tional premium. 

The premiums during the 
first five years are approxi- 
mately one-half the cost of 
an Ordinary Life Policy. 
After five years the pre- 
miums are still less than a 
life policy taken at the at- 
tained age. 

This policy is backed by 
your own Life Insurance 
Company, which is always 
trying to give patrons the 
maximum insurance service 
at minimum cost to them. 

This policy is now avail- 
able — you can inquire of 
your Company. 



farmers & traders 
life insurance CO., 

Home Office — State Tower Bldg. 
SYRACUSE, NEW YORK 



is often lost sight of even though it 
is the simplest of all. 

The purpose of the teeth is to 
chew the food, thereby preparing it 
for use by the body. But failure to 
chew the food properly not only af- 
fects the digestion, but directly af- 
fects the teeth themselves. Like any 
other part of the body, the teeth need 
exercise. Proper exercise of the 
teeth will materially assist in pre- 
venting tooth troubles. 

The foods of to-day are so largely 
soft and mushy that little or no ex- 
ercise is afforded the teeth in chewing 
them. Some rough, coarse, hard 
foods should be included in everyone's 
diet, unless, of course, it is contrary 
to the doctor^s orders. Such food will 
exercise the teeth, will strengthen the 
gum tissues and aid in cleansing the 
teeth. 

Our early ancestors are said (some- 
times incorrectly) to have had un- 
usually sound teeth. When this was 
true, it was largely due to the rough 
hard foods they had to eat. We would 
not, of course, wish to return to those 
days but we of to-day would be bene- 
fited if we followed the example set 
us and regularly included enough 
coarse foods in our diet to exercise 
our teeth properly. 

We should give our teeth a difficult 
task. We should substitute crisp 
toast for soft rolls and whole grain 
cereals for pap-like porridge. "^ 
should use plenty of green, leafy vege- 
tables, and fresh fruits. If we use 
our teeth we will help to save them- 



BLOWED, NOT PUFFED 

"My lands!" exclaimed Uncle R«^* 
Fallow, of Grapevine Creek, as be 
gazed at a saxophone display in a m^' 
sic store, "the things people smoke 
nowadays!" — Music Trade News. 



&A-dU^i»tia 



August, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 3 



I 



The Proposed Increase in Freight 

Rates 

By Fred Brenckman, Washington Representative, National Grange 

Radio address hy Fred Brenckman, Washington Representative 
of the National Grange, under auspices of the National Grange, over 
stations of the National Broadcasting Company, from Washington, 
D. C, during National Farm and Home Hour, Saturday, July 18, 
1931. 

IN" A hot, stuffy room, filled with 
sweltering men in their shirt 
sleeves, on the top floor of the 
building which houses the Interstate 
Commerce Commission, here in 
Washington, there is being enacted a 
drama which is fraught with deep im- 
port to all the people of the United 
States. 

The Commission is conducting 
hearings in connection with the peti- 
tion of the railroads of the country, 
asking for a horizontal increase of 15 
per cent in freight rates, coal and 
coke alone excepted. Because of the 
importance of the case, seven mem- 
bers of State utility commissions, rep- 
resenting different sections, are sit- 
ting with the Federal commission. 
Seldom, in recent years, has there 
come before the Interstate Commerce 
Commission a case calling for the ex- 
ercise of greater wisdom and discre- 
tion than is demanded in the present 
instance. 

The initial hearing in this proceed- 
mg was held on July 15, with the 
railroads and parties supporting their 
petition presenting their side of the 
case. Beginning August 31, other 
hearings will be held for the further 
cross-examination of witnesses partic- 
ipating in the opening hearing and for 
the submission of evidence by those 
opposing the petition of the railroads. 

In their petition, which was filed 
with the commission on June 17th, 
the railroads proclaim that they are 
confronted with an emergency threat- 
ening serious impairment of their fi- 
nancial resources, besides crippling 
their capacity to render efficient and 
adequate service. 

. The loss of tonnage, due to the con- 
tinued industrial depression, together 
with the inroads made by competing 
systems of transportation, have re- 
duced the earnings of the railroads 
until their net revenues have fallen 
below the 5% per cent to which they 
claim they are entitled under the pro- 
visions of the Transportation Act of 
1920. In asking for a 15 per cent in- 
crease in freight rates, the rail chiefs 
hope to add $400,000,000 a year to 
their income. This additional' sum is 
needed, they say, to enable the roads 
to meet operating expenses, make im- 
provements and pay dividends. 

■No effort will be made by the rail- 
roads to secure an increase in passen- 
ger fares. Their spokesmen declare 
inat no extended comment is neces- 
sary to show that increased revenues 
cannot be secured from that source, 
ihe disuse of railway facilities by the 
owners of automobiles, and the in- 
creasing extent to which the traveling 
public makes use of the motor bus, 
make It evident that passenger traffic 
^111 not sustain further increases, say 
the railroads. 

fi ?"Pporting the railroads in their 
m lor higher rates are the big in- 
b^|"®J^^^ companies and the savings 
npa • ' \^^^S the first witnesses ap- 
y^aring before the Commission was 
^dward C. Duffield, President of the 
and nu ^.^ Life Insurance Company 
0<1 V^airman of the Emergency 
ommittee on Railroad Investments 
tu«i Q ^?«"rance Companies and Mu- 

A T^^ ^«^^«- 

bv M?'n I f? -^^ testimony given 

anH k" ,^™^'d, insurance companies 

^ banks hold railroad securities 



valued at $4,700,000,000. Under the 
law, those institutions are required to 
exercise proper care regarding the 
soundness of their investments, with 
minimum limits prescribed regarding 
the earning of funds invested. 

"If the credit of the railroads can- 
not be conserved," said Mr. Duffield 
in his testimony before the Commis- 
sion, "we cannot as trustees continue 
to furnish to the railroads by new 
investments the funds necessary for 
their maintenance and development 
and for the refunding of existing 
debts." Mr. Duffield declared that if 
the present credit situation should be 
long continued it would have a pro- 
nounced effect on future railroad fi- 
nancing. He also said that the 
withdrawal of life insurance and sav- 
ings bank funds would make future 
finaneing prohibitive to many of our 
railroads. 

Many of our great universities and 
other institutions of learning, whose 
endowments consist in a measure of 
railroad stocks and bonds, are also in 
sympathy with the plea of the carriers 
for higher rates. Thus far, the rail- 
road Brotherhoods, who have a vital 
interest at stake, have made no public 
declaration of policy. 

The first formal protest against 
higher rail rates* was filed with the 
Interstate Commerce Commission by 
a large group of Southern industrial 
shippers, principally from North Car- 
olina. This protest came in written 
form before the hearings began. 
These Southern shippers expressed hot 
indignation concerning the appeal of 
the railroads in their petition that the 
Commission should not take time to 
determine the reasonableness of the 
proposed schedule of rates, otherwise 
than from a revenue standpoint. They 
characterized the railroads' petition 
as one of the most remarkable docu- 
ments ever presented to the Commis- 
sion. They further asserted that it 
had been the invariable practice of 
the Commission through all the years 
to proceed in a deliberate manner and 
to decide important questions only 
after the taking of complete evidence. 
In the face of all this, it was charged, 
that the railroads were attempting to 
apply summary police court procedure 
to a matter involving many millions 
of dollars which the public was ex- 
pected to pay. 

"The law does not contemplate that 
freight rates shall be heavily increased 
during a period of intense commer- 
cial and industrial depression," ar- 
gued these shippers from the South. 
"It is quite obvious," they said, "that 
with industry in its present serious 
plight, and with industrial managers 
making every possible effort to reduce 
costs in order to prevent the closing of 
their plants, the super-imposition of 
millions of dollars in additional 
freight charges would have a severe 
and unfortunate effect upon the na- 
tion as a whole." 

Asserting that the primary loss in 
rail revenues is that from the passen- 
ger business, and that freight is ac- 
tually carrying the passenger traffic, 
the shippers continued: 

On June 15th, the Bureau of Agri- 
cultural Economics of the United 
States Department of Agriculture 
showed that the general level of farm 
prices is now only 80 per cent of the 



pre-war level. The prices of com- 
modities that the farmer must buy are 
at 130 per cent of the pre-war level, 
while the purchasing power of the 
farmer's dollar is only 62 cents. In 
the meantime, freight rates have risen 
to 155 per cent of the pre-war level. 

The railroads complain of the in- 
creasing burdens of taxation that are 
heaped upon them. But agriculture 
has also been required to carry an 
ever-increasing load of taxes. Farm 
taxes are now 250 per cent as high as 
they were before the war. 

Agriculture has long been compelled 
to pay more than its just proportion 
of the nation's freight bill. Farmers 
furnish 11.61 per cent of the tonnage 
carried by the railroads, but they paid 
21.37 per cent of the total freight rev- 
enues collected by the railroads in 
1930. 

On perishable fruits and vegetables, 
for every dollar that the farmer gets 
for growing these commodities, the 
railroads charge nearly 55 cents for 
transporting them. There are certain 
farm commodities on which the 
freight rate amounts to more than the 
farmer gets for growing them. For 
example, for every dollar the farmer 
gets for growing fresh grapes, the rail- 
roads collect carrying charges 
amounting to $1.85. In the case of 
watermelons, the farmer receives 
$1.00, as compared to $1.37 received 
by the railroads. On all farm com- 
modities, the railroads receive 20^/^ 
cents for every dollar received by the 
farmer. 

Agriculture's total freight bill in 
1930 was $898,854,000. An increase 
in rates of 15 per cent would add 
$134,828,000 to that sum. This is 
taking into account only the charges 
for carrying the products of the farm 
to market. It makes no mention of 
the freight charges the farmer must 
pay on agricultural machinery, ferti- 
lizer, lumber and other commodities 
he buys. From this it will readily be 
seen that a large part of the gross in- 
come of agriculture is expended in 
paying freight bills. 

Consider the plight of the wheat 
grower at this moment. On July 13th, 



the price of wheat at Liverpool was 
61 cents. It is stated that this is the 
lowest price at which wheat has been 
quoted in the world's market since 
1654. The present rail rate on wheat 
for export from Topeka, in the heart 
of the grain belt, to Galveston is 21.3 
cents per bushel. The carrying 
charges from Galveston to Liverpool 
average about eight cents per bushel, 
making a total freight charge of about 
29 cents per bushel. Subtracting 29 
from 61 leaves 32 cents. Remember- 
ing that the grower must pay the 
freight to market, not to mention in- 
surance and brokerage fees, is it any 
wonder that wheat in recent days has 
been selling as low as 25 cents per 
bushel on the farms of the grain belt ? 
With all these facts in mind, how 
can the rail chiefs look the farmer in 
the face and say that he should pay 
still higher freight rates? 

The National Grange considers it- 
self in duty bound to go before the 
Interstate Commerce Commission and 
oppose the petition of the carriers. 
The railroads cannot expect to prosper 
if the industries upon which they rest 
are reduced to bankruptcy by exces- 
sive freight charges. 

Let every industry manfully bear 
its share of present burdens and ad- 
versities, and let all unite in common 
brotherhood in hastening the better 
time coming. 



SSOO PAID for 
one OLD BOOK 



That's Just one of hundreds of gener- 
ous oners we make for certain old 
books. You may have many of them 
stored in your attic, book-case or base- 
ment. Get CASH for these old books. 

\irRTnrir • Smnd 4c for pamphlet. 

On OtdBooha. " litting 
64 hooka wm'll buy, 
and pricmt wm pay, 

RARE BOOK DEPARTMENT- Box PG. 

LONG*8 BOOK STORE, 
Bat. 190X COLUMBUS, OHIO 




FARQUHAR 

LOW-DOWN 

Double Run 
Feed 



INTERCHANGEABLE DRILL 

CThis drill has but one lijpe of drag bar. Maij be equipped 
u;ilh pins or springs; shouel openers or discs and interchange- 
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Lou?-Dou?n hoppers and standard 48-inch ujheels; Double 
Run Qrain Feed; Star IDheel Forced Fertilizer Feed; accurately 
regulated grass seeder. This drill is u?ell adapted for spring 
cultiuation of unheal and the souring of clouer and alfalfa in the 
u?heat. Seed maij be broadcasted or sou?n through lubes and 
boots. Has u?ide range of feed for grain, peas, beans and fertilizer. 

Disc Openers haue the right "bite" u?hich assures a u?ide bottom 
furrou; in u?hich the roots are encouraged to fullest grou^lh pro- 
moting maximum tillering or "stooling". 

Send for bulletin 330. studg the superior advantages of this 
Interchangeable Drill and see a Farquhar Dealer before buying 
a neu? Drill. It u;ill be greatly to your benefit. 



Box 363 



A. B. FARQUHAR CO., Limited 



» » » 



YORK, PA. 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



August, 1931 



TOWANDA GLEN GRANGE 

INITIATES A CLASS OF 15 

On July 10th, Towanda Glen 
Grange, Bradford County, initiated a 
class of fifteen in the Third and 
Fourth Degrees and has five more can- 
didates ready and several applications 
on hand. 

This Grange has been inactive for 
several years and had reduced its 
membership until it was unable to 
function. Last February the Pomona 
Deputy, Brother A. E. Madigan, in- 
duced a few of the members to take 
hold of the work and function as a 
Grange. 

As a result of his efforts fourteen 
were reinstated and in March officers 
were elected and installed. Many of 
the newer elected officers are young 
women and had never belonged to the 
Grange, but under the guidance of a 
competent deputy, they are able to 
open and close the Grange, and confer 
the degrees without the use of the 
manual. 

We sometimes hear women say that 
they cannot attend Grange as they 
must remain at home and take care 
of the children. This Grange seems 
to have solved the problem. The Mas- 
ter, Overseer and Lady Assistant 
Steward, are sisters with a family and 
had their children present. They also 
had father, grandfather and grand- 
mother present to care for the young- 
sters, while they very efficiently dis- 
charged the duties of their office. 

I would recommend that this plan 
be adopted by other Granges, as it 
increases both the interest and at- 
tendance, and keeps both the older and 
younger members busy. The results 
accomplished by this Grange tell its 
own story. Fourteen reinstated and 
forty-six new members, or a gain of 
sixty-one members, is a record seldom 
achieved and should inspire other 
weak Granges to renewed activity. 

The Worthy State Master in- 
structed the class in the unwritten 
work and gave helpful suggestions 
pertaining to the work. The Pomona 
Master, Brother Harry Norton, was 
present and congratulated the Grange 
upon the work it was doing and of- 
fered further assistance if needed. 
Refreshments were served at the close 
of the meeting and another page in 
the history of Towanda Glen Grange 
was recorded. 

This is one of the most striking ex- 
amples of what can be done by per- 
sonal effort and hard work, that I 
have yet seen, and proves the state- 
ment that I have so often made that 
no Grange is so weak that it cannot 
increase its membership, if a deter- 
mined effort is made. 

You will note that the first thing 
the deputy did was to reinstate a large 
number of members who had been 
dropped from the roll. He then had 
an organization to work with and 
some incentive to offer new members 
for joining. Which Grange will be 
the next to break this record? 



and allowed to dry out in the field; 
or, in rainy weather, they are cured 
under cover. When the tops have 
completely withered and the bulbs 
have become dried on the surface the 
tops are severed one-half inch above 
the bulb with a topping machine, 
shears, or by twisting. The curing is 
completed in slatted crates, providing 
free circulation of air, or spread out 
on a floor. 

Cool, dry conditions with ventila- 
tion are needed to store onions. The 
temperature should not go below 32 
degrees. Onions are not seriously in- 
jured by freezing, if they are used 
immediately afterward, but when they 
are allowed to freeze and thaw re- 
peatedly they spoil very quickly. 




CURE ONIONS CAREFULLY 

FOR WINTER STORAGE 

Onions keep well only when proper- 
ly cured at harvest time. As soon as 
the tops shrivel a short distance above 
the bulbs the onions are ready to be 
harvested. 

Thick necked onions will not keep 
well and should be disposed of at har- 
vest time. 

The practice of breaking over the 
tops by rolling over the patch should 
not be followed, because it injures the 
onions and provides a source of en- 
trance for neck rot organisms. 

As soon as most of the tops have 
ripened at the neck and fallen over, 
the bulbs may be pulled. The onions 
are thrown together in a wind-row 



EATING DURING 

THE WARM WEATHER 

With the arrival of warm or hot 
weather, there is naturally a little 
change in the diet of most people, but 
the idea that the food intake should 
be cut down by one-half is a serious 
mistake. Perhaps you feel that as the 
bulk of the food eaten, about 80 per 
cent, is to keep you warm so that all 
the processes of the body can do their 
work properly, that when the weather 
is warm the body will keep warm nat- 
urally, and not much food need be 
eaten. 

As a matter of fact the body needs 
in the warm weather about 90 per 
cent as much food as in the cool 
weather, and if the individual gets 
outdoors in the summer and plays or 
works hard he may need as much food 
as in the cool weather, perhaps more. 

However, as some foods heat the 
body more than others without giving 
any more energy or having any more 
energy or having any more building 
powers, it is well to cut down on them 
during the hot weather, oatmeal, pork, 
puddings, and so forth. These should 
be replaced by more salads, fruits and 
vegetables. 

Meat and eggs once a day should be 
eaten by everybody, winterer summer, 
as they build up the body better than 
any other food, by keeping the blood 
rich in iron. This should not be for- 
gotten by mothers who have children 
playing outdoors during the long sum- 
mer days. Mothers see that the child 
gets plenty of milk which is nature's 
best food to grow strong bones in chil- 
dren, but the meat and eggs repair 
soft body tissues broken down by the 
play, which is equally important. 

Although the everyday foods all 
have the necessary vitamins it is well 
to remember that a mixed diet is your 
best assurance that you will get some 
of all the vitamins daily. 

Thus eggs, milk, bread, green veg- 
etables supply vitamin A. 

Lettuce, peas, beans, eggs, spinach, 
yeast, supply vitamin B. 

Tomatoes, oranges, lemons, spinach, 
onions, and milk supply vitamin C. 

Cod liver oil is nature's best method 
of supplying vitamin D, but milk 
comes next. 

It is unfortunate that we are not 
all born with a liking for spinach as 
it is very rich in vitamin A, B, C, and 
has some vitamin D also. 

The main thought then in hot 
weather eating, if you do no outdoor 
work, or take outdoor exercise, is to 
cut down on cream, butter, oatmeal, 
and rich pastries and slightly on meat, 
but not on fruit and vegetables. 

Keep the vitamin list in your mind, 
but you can see how your everyday 
diet practically includes them all. 



And although the mosquito's not 

So very large a beast. 
He'll feed on you, then leave a hot 

Reminder of his feast. 

— St. John Times-Glohe. 



BEETLE QUARANTINE 

ON FARM PRODUCTS 

EFFECTIVE JUNE 15 

Last minute details are now being 
worked out for an effective campaign 
against the Japanese beetle again this 
summer, according to K. H. Bell, Di- 
rector, Bureau of Plant Industry, 
Pennsylvania Department of Agricul- 
ture. 

The regulations which govern the 
movement of farm products and cut 
flowers from the generally infested 
area become effective June 15th, and 
will be in force until October 15th. 
The arrangements for this work will 
be practically the same as a year ago. 
Patrols will be stationed at twelve 
posts along important highways lead- 
ing out of the generally infested area 
just as soon as the beetles make their 
appearance. While the road patrols 
will pay particular attention to viola- 
tions involving the transportation of 
farm products and cut flowers, officials 
explain that check-ups will also be 
made on the movement of nursery and 
ornamental plants, sand, soil, earth, 
compost and manure, the movement 
of which is regulated throughout the 
year. 



Inspectors will be stationed at sev- 
eral shipping points and at other con- 
venient locations in the infested terri- 
tory to issue certificates for the move- 
ment of the various quarantined prod- 
ucts when all the conditions of the 
regulations are met. To the public 
the suggestion is made that when buy- 
ing nursery stock in the infested area 
for transportation outside the area, be 
sure that the purchase is accompanied 
by a certificate making such move- 
ment possible. The road patrols are 
not authorized to issue certificates. 

Property owners living in the areas 
of heavy infestation are being urged 
to spray their ornamental plants and 
trees in order to give these plants full 
protection from the beetle during the 
summer. An application of coated 
arenate of lead is recommended. If 
delayed, the spray will be less effec- 
tive. Details for spraying can be se- 
cured from county farm agents or 
from the State and Federal Japanese 
beetle offices. 



It is all right to preserve wild life 
in the forests, but what to do with it 
in the cities is a problem. — Times- 
Picayune. 



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August, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Pase 5 



CEITICISM OF 

PUBLIC OFFICIALS 



Responsibility of Newspapers Is 
Discussed 



By C. a. Sorensen 
Attorney General, State of Nehrasha 

Public officials are hired men, em- 
ployees, servants. They are hired by 
the people, paid by the people, and 
subject to discharg:e by the people for 
failure to obey orders. 

There is nothing holy about them. 
They are a common lot, not worse but 
certainly not much better than the 
ordinary run of men. They are hu- 
man. They like praise. 

Few of them suffer with an inferi- 
ority complex. Many of them do not 
quite understand why their pictures 
do not appear frequently on the front 
page accompanied by a double-column 
editorial in black faced type likening 
the official to a combination of Na- 
poleon, Jefferson, Lincoln, Roosevelt, 
and Coolidge. Finding neither the 
picture nor the editorial they are in- 
clined to believe that newspapermen 
are not very enterprising nor able to 
detect political genius. 

Newspapers owe to their readers the 
duty of ascertaining the facts about 
the public officials of the town, county, 
state, and nation. Silence on the part 
of the editor breeds ignorance and 
lack of interest on the part of the pub- 
lic. 

The people rule. They can not rule 
intelligently unless the press gives 
them the facts. A fearless newspaper 
with the ability to get and print the 
facts about public matters is a price- 
less asset, not only to the town where 
printed but to the state and nation. 
The powerful influence that every 
newspaper of any consequence wields 
over human thought and action car- 
ries with it a tremendous moral re- 
sponsibility to use that power for the 
betterment of the community and 
country. 

What should be the attitude of the 
press toward public officials? 

First, willingness to criticize them 
if criticism is justified. Crooked poli- 
ticians fear the press more than the 
courts. Honest officials welcome con- 
structive suggestions. Wooden-headed 
office holders can only be moved by 
sharp newspaper blasts. Those in of- 
fice are no better than anybody else. 
They are not entitled to ask for any 
immunity. Newspapers should be fair 
but when necessary thev should treat 
them rough. It is good for them. 

Second, newspapers should cooper- 
ate with public officials in maintain- 
ing law and order. We surrender 
much individual liberty and pay mil- 
lions of dollars in taxes to our Gov- 
ernment. Why? Principally to pro- 
ject our property, liberty, and life. 
y^ the question of reasonable law en- 
orcement there ought therefore not 
to be two sides. Every newspaper 
ought to support to the limit the ef- 
lort of the local, state and national 
pcials to enforce the laws of the 
ancl. An honest, fearless newspaper 
u^'ht never to join hands with truck- 
2u *^^n politicians who want to 
^vhitewash with "local pride" cancer- 
Z. '''^"^itions that need cleaning up 
and not covering up. 

torf r1' ^^ere should be constant edi- 
wonl ^^''^'"P^on^^iiP V newspapers of 
nf 1, ^'^ ^^uses. A western newspaper 
01 huge circulation has this motto: 

serviof'"'']^'''! '"^ perpetuity to the 
cau^l 1 ,, ,^^ people, that no good 
eviUi if " ^''^^^^ '^ champion and that 
^ «ball not thrive unopposed." 

tunhl ^^^"?P^® *^^^^^ ^^ ^ ^reat oppor- 

ka T, ■, '" ^^® "^''^^ f"^ure for Nebras- 

for « I'P^P^^^ to strike mighty blows 

inore equitable taxation system 



in the state, a unified state police 
system, more efficient county govern- 
ment, and always a more fair distrib- 
ution of the wealth of the country. 
If the Creator had intended that some 
men should have all the w^ealth and 
not work and others live in poverty 
and do the work, he would have made 
some men with 10 mouths and no 
hands and other men with 10 hands 
and no mouths. Fifteen per cent of 
the people own 90 per cent of the 
wealth. 

What about the attitude of the pub- 
lic official toward the press? 

First, the official should be honest 
and frank. The press is a window 
through which the public looks in and 
sees their servants at work. The pic- 
ture should not be distorted. 

Who elects the official? Who sup- 
plies him with spacious offices, stenog- 
raphers, and assistants ? W^ho pays his 
salary, rain or shine, depression or 
prosperity? The people who elected 
him. What argument can he possibly 
make then against letting the people 
have full information as to what is 
going on in his department ? 

There may be reasons of public pol- 
icy for not letting the press know of 
a certain matter today. But eventual- 
ly the public is entitled to all the facts 
about all public matters. 

A policy of secrecy or of misinfor- 
mation by public officials can not be 
justified. It is contrary to public pol- 
icy. The people can not vote intelli- 
gently unless they know all the facts 
as they are. A public official is a trus- 
tee for the citizens. As the benefi- 
ciaries of that trust they are entitled 
to a frequent accounting of the acts 
and doings of the trustee. 

The far-sighted public official wants 
the people to know what he is doing. 
If they know and approve he is almost 
invincible. 




DRY RUN GRANGE HOLDS 

AN OPEN MEETING 

Dry Run Grange recently organ- 
ized, held an open meeting in the high 
school building, July 14, 1931. 

The Worthy State Master addressed 
the meeting on "Why Farmers Should 
Join the Grange." He gave many 
reasons, but stressed as the most im- 
portant, the need of an organization 
such as the Grange to meet the highly 
organized forces that are working 
against the present prosperity of the 
farmer and the future success of agri- 
culture. 

He gave many illustrations to show 
how helpless the farmer is as an indi- 
vidual and how powerful he becomes 
by holding membership in the Grange. 

There were seven cliarter members 
present who belonged to the old 
Grange, organized nineteen years ago. 
Dorsett Grange had twenty members 
present, one being a charter member. 

Many expressed a desire to have a 
Promona in the county and one will 
be organized in Sei)tcniber. Refresh- 
ments were served at the close of the 
meeting and a very pleasant evening 
was spent in the interest of the 
Grange. 



One telephone call saved 
100 acres of tomatoes 

A LARGE tomato field belonging to a farmer of Scotland County, 
N. C, was suddenly attacked by hordes of horn worms. The whole 
crop would have been destroyed in a short time. The farmer im- 
mediately telephoned the office of a farm paper in a nearby city to 
ask about the proper spray. He was told what to use and how to 
mix it. Within a few hours preparations were made, spraying was 
begun, and the crop was saved. 

The telephone is constantly proving its worth in helping to get 
the best prices for livestock, grain and fruit sold through co-opera- 
tive associations or local markets. It is also of great service in mak- 
ing social and business engagements, running errands or summoning 
help in emergencies. 

The modern farm home has a telephone that serves well, day in 
and day out, rain or shine. 



A BELL SYSTEM 




ADVERTISEMENT 



WOMEN RELIEVE 

UNEMPLOYMENT 

Women's clubs unable to pay their 
dues are being kept in good standing 
by the General Federation of Wom- 
en's Clubs as an aid in the unemploy- 
ment situation. The money from 
these unpaid dues is used to help in 
their own communities, especially in 
buying family necessities. 



A college man likes a girl beautiful 
but dumb . . . beautiful enough to 
please him and dumb enough to like 
him. — Rice Owl. 



SOMERSET POMONA 

Brother J. B. W. Stufft, Pomona 
^faster. Past Gatekeeper and Steward, 
of the State (Jrange, sends an inter- 
esting account of Grange activities 
in Somerset County. Pomona Grange 
met June 20th with Highland Grange. 
The roll call showed one hundred fifty 
in attendance at the morning session. 
Out of twenty-one Subordinates, 
twelve were represented, one Grange 
in the extreme end of the county, hav- 
ing thirty-seven i)resent. 

A committee is working to get can- 
didates for the Sixth Degree and re- 
port better than 100 to date. They 
will continue their efforts and hope to 
get enough to entitle them to a Spe- 
cial Session of the State Grange some 
time in October. They will either 
join with one of the other counties 
or get them to come to Somerset. 

Pomona has started a visiting cam- 
paign throughout the County, and 
instead of using the gavel, is using a 
book in which each Lecturer inserts 
the program used at that meeting. 
This is then carried to the next 
Grange. When the entire number of 
Granges have been visited, a book of 
programs will have been written. 

On June 17th the Ridge .Grange 



took eleven candidates for the First 
and Second Degrees to Stoyestown for 
initiation. They have several more 
that could not attend. This is the 
Grange that joined with Pain last fall 
and was reorganized by the Pomona 
Master and the Worthy State Master. 
It is becoming a strong Grange and is 
taking an active interest in Grange 
work. 

Dividing Ridge Grange, which has 
been dormant, is paying up its back 
dues to State Grange, again function- 
ing as a Grange. Pomona is plan- 
ning to make this Grange a visit in 
the near future and give them some 
assistance and encouragement. We 
find that Pomona can do no more effi- 
cient work than that of giving as- 
sistance to the weaker Granges. 

(Editor, I wish that all Pomonas 
would realize the force of the last 
statement and act accordingly.) 



HYPHENATED COURTSHIP 

"What does 'co-ed' stand for?" 
"Crush on Every Date." 
"W^hat's the hyphen for?" 
"Oh, that's the distance they keep 
when the Dean of Women is around." 
— Arizona Kitty-Kat. 



Page 6 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



August, 1931 



The Lecturers Corner 

By Howard G. Eisaman, State Lecturer 



Last Call for 1931 Middle Atlantic 
Lecturers' Conference 

As this issue of Grange News 
reaches y6u, you will have just time 
enough to pack up and make final 
arrangements, preparatory to attend- 
ing the Middle Atlantic Conference 
at College Park, Maryland, August 
11, 12, 13 and 14. This will be a 
bang-up Grange meeting, with hun- 
dreds of loyal Grange folks attending 
from New York, New Jersey, Dela- 
ware, Virginia, West Virginia, Mary- 
land and Pennsylvania. Remember 
that the outstanding National Grange 
and Rural Leaders will be present to 
direct the affairs of the conference. 
Every moment of the four-day pro- 
gram will be crowded full of whole- 
some, helpful, inspiring and pleasing 
events of an educational and recrea- 
tional nature. Every Grange member 
will find the conference of intense 
value and interest. Father and moth- 
er will enjoy it; kiddies who attend 
will get a real thrill. It provides for 
a liberal and far-reaching education 
crowded into four brief days. So pack 



programs. Pomona Masters and State 
Deputies ; it is your obligation to en- 
courage representation from all the 
Granges within your jurisdiction, and 
especially should you see to it that 
your own Pomona Grange is repre- 
sented by your Lecturer. If your 
Grange has not taken action in this 
matter, call your Executive Commit- 
tee together at once and urge them to 
authorize the sending of your Lectur- 
er as a delegate. Pennsylvania Pa- 
trons may never again have an 
opportunity to visit the National Cap- 
ital at such a low cost. This is the 
last call for the 1931 Middle Atlantic 
Conference — All aboard. 



Go-to-Church Sunday for Pennsyl- 
vania Grangers, September 6th 

Just to remind you that Sunday, 
September 6th has been designated as 
Go-to-Church Day for Grangers. Lec- 
turers should plan to make a big event 
of this occasion. Urge every member to 
attend. A church should be «elected 
and members and officers should 




Agricultural Building, Maryland University 



What the Live Ones Are Doing to 
Keep Alive 

From Mrs. Wm. Weckerly, Lectur- 
er of Jefferson Grange, Butler Co. 
"On July 29 the members of Jeffer- 
son Grange met at the hall, painted 
the building and beautified the 
grounds, to such an extent that the 
people of the community, who are not 
Grangers and who would not talk of 
it before, are trying to get in the 
Order." 




up the whole family and we'll be a 
seein' you, just outside of Washing- 
ton, D. C. Think of it, a visit to the 
National Capital, to Arlington, to 
Mt. Vernon, to Annapolis Naval 
Academy, to Beltzville Farms— and at 
a cost that need not exceed $9.00, in- 
cluding registration fee — Children 
under 16 years of age will not be re- 
quired to pay the registration fee. 

Lecturers who attend this confer- 
ence will catch a new vision of the 
bigness of the Grange and the impor- 
tant part it plays in the rural affairs 
of America. They will get many 
helpful suggestions that will aid them 
in conducting the programs of their 
own Granges. Attendance at the Mid- 
dle Atlantic Grange Lecturers' Con- 
ference is an absolute guarantee for 
better and more interesting Grange 



march to the church in a body, offi- 
cers wearing their sashes and mem- 
bers their badges. A plan that has 
worked very successfully in years past, 
is for two or more Granges to unite 
for this service. Pomona can function 
here by districting the county and 
making preliminary arrangements. 
Appoint a decorating committee to 
work in conjunction with church com- 
mittee in decorating the church with 
grains, fruits and flowers. This can 
be made a very pleasing and effective 
service, and it provides the Grange 
with an opportunity to give the rural 
church movement a real boost. We 
will appreciate it, if Lecturers will 
send a detailed report of their Go-to- 
Church Day activities to States Lec- 
turer, Howard G. Eiseaman, East 
Springfield. 



From Mrs. John L. Post, Lecturer 
Claysville Grange, Washington Co. 
"At our second meeting in October 
we had an Oliver H. Kelly program, 
unveiling the picture. We also had a 
little flower and vegetable exhibit at 
this meeting. One of our projects was 
the forming of a geranium club in 
the spring. The geraniums were ex- 
hibited at this time and judged by our 
County Agriculturist." 



From Mrs. Charles W. Chandler, 
Lecturer Diahoga Grange, Bradford 
County. "I am having an attendance 
contest. Worthy Master and Overseer 
as Captains, the loser& to furnish 
lunch and the winners an entertaining 
program. It is proving quite a help in 
attendance, also a mixer. Our people 
had a habit of the ladies sitting on 
one side of the hall, the men on the 
other. One rule of the contest, all on 
the Master's side must sit at his left, 
same of Overseer." 



From Mrs. Agnes Burgoon, Lectur- 
er Maple Grove Grange, Clarion Co. 
"We served a supper to the Kiwanis 
Club of Clarion, also entertained 
them, which netted our Grange a tidy 
little cash account. We also put on 
quite an extensive exhibit at Clarion 
County County Fair — took second 
place, a premium of $75. 

From Mrs. Marie Coon, Lecturer 
Newton Grange, Lackawanna Co. 
"The second meeting in October we 
held our annual apple and vegetable 
show, giving ribbons as prizes. Very 
fine display of over forty varieties of 
apples and several tables of vegetables 
and flowers. The Agricultural class 
of the high school had a very fine, 
large table of exhibits of fruit, vegeta- 
bles, grains and seeds. This was a 
community affair sponsored by the 
Grange. Very large attendance. Pro- 
gram by the Lecturer consisting of an 
address by pastor of M. E. church, 
talk by teacher of agriculture, recita- 
tions, vocal and instrumental music. 
Sale of apple pie, ice cream and cof- 
fee which paid our expenses and added 
a few dollars to the treasury." 

Community Projects Sponsored by 
Pennsylvania's Granges 

^ Caring for cemeteries. — Valley 
Grange, Mercer County. 

Helped with Grange Fair.— Rich- 
mond Grange, Crawford. 



Helped in scholarship fund — Placed 
lavatory in Community Buildings 
Took charge of Anti-Saloon League 
illustrated lecture. — North Straband 
Grange, Washington. 

Charity Fund. — Burgettsto^ 
Grange, W^ashington County. 

Helping the poor and needy.-, 
Brady Grange, Clearfield County. 

Conducting a store. — Centreport 
Grange, Berks County. 

Hospital work. — Tyro Hall Grange, 
Bucks County. 

Planning a Community Fair.— 
Farmington Grange. — Warren Coun. 

Fixing Community Hall. — Penn 
Line Grange, Crawford County. 

4-H Club Work. — Oak Valley 
Grange, Allegheny County. 

Helping Potato Club. — Home 
Grange, Indiana. 

Hall used as community center.— 
Community Grange, Montgomery 
County. 

Use of hall for church and school 
meetings. — Beech Flats Grange, Brad- 
ford County. 

Tree pruning and canning demon- 
strations. — Woodruff Grange, Greene 
County. 

Sponsoring Chautauqua. — Orwell 
Grange, Bradford County. 

Road improving. — C ra n b e r r y 
Grange, Butler County. 

COUNTY PICNIC 

Arrangements were made for the 
McKean County Picnic at a meeting 
of a committee representing Pomona 
Grange, the Extension Association 
and Smethport Conopus Club. The 
picnic will be held at Smethport 
Wednesday, August 19th. 

The program will be so arranged 
that it will be of interest to every one. 
There will be a horseshoe pitching 
contest at which time the county 
champion will be selected. There wiU 
be two classes for this contest, a 
farmer's class, and an open class which 
includes any one who is not a farmer. 

There will be a baseball game 
played between Smethport and Ceres. 
Both teams are good and this contest 
should create a lot of interest. 

There will be other athletic events 
in which every one will have an op- 
portunity to take part. Prizes will be 
awarded to the winners in these con- 
tests by the merchants of Smethport. 
There will also be an attendance prize 
awarded to the lucky boy, girl, man 
and woman arriving on the grounds 
before twelve, noon, that day. Hon. 
P. H. Dewey, Secretary of Internal 
Affairs, will be the speaker of the day. 

Refreshments will be sold on the 
grounds and the proceeds will be used 
to defray the expenses. 

The Smethport merchants have 
voted to close their stores at noon on 
that day to help make the picnic a 
success. H. J. Rice. 




Every advertiser is reliable, support 
him. 



I 



FARQUHAD 

■ "NON-WRAP" ■ > 

MANURE SPREADER ^ 

•QAlRUTTlEn find qreal profit and satisfaction in the "non^lUrap' Spreader. It 
spreads evenly all conditions of manure. Helps lo keep a more sanitary 
condition around the barn and makes more profits-saues labor, uniformly 
increases s.ilfertiUtt^ because of the even application and saving the richest 
minerals m the manure. An old but u,elUk.nou;n principle is applied lo the 
beaters u^hich prevents ivrappmg and assures even distribution. 

Send for Bulletin No. 930. It contains valuable information 

A. B. FARQUHAR CO, Limited Box 963 York, Pa. 



August, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 7 



Farm Women 

h'ke the 
ELECTRIC 



RANGE 



THERE are thousands of electric ranges cooking their 
three meals per day in the homes of Pennsylvania. Farm 
women in many parts of the state tell us they like the 
electric range. No two give the same reasons but the following 
lists the main features that appeal to them. 




IS5K/) ^*" Electric Range on a Farm in Chester County ^ .-^v, 
^ '**' cuts down kitchen work for the busy farm woman ^^^^ 



Making'^Good Luck^^Certaln 

Any one who has been so fortunate as to 
sit in for a real farm dinner knows that the 
farm woman has brought the art of cooking 
to perfection. They say, however, that they 
have had "good luck." What this really 
means is that they have guessed the mood 
and temperature of their stove correctly. 
With the electric range, where the oven 
has an automatic control which can be set 
for any temperature desired, guessing be- 
comes a certainty and "good luck" is sure 
to follow. The perfection of the meal 
cooked is the farm woman's desire and the 
electric range meets this requirement. The 
oven of the electric range cooks meats with 
practically no shrinkage since there is ac- 
tually no combustion taking place as with 
the usual cooking fuels. 

Cleanliness 

Electricity does not burn to make heat, 

it is heat itself odorless and smokeless. 

For this reason there is no smoking of the 
pans and kettles leading to that most dis- 
mal after-dinner job of scouring and clean- 
ing. There is no smudging of the walls, 
woodwork and decorations of the kitchen 
or other parts of the house. The wood box 
or fuel bucket can be banished from the 
corner of the kitchen. The dirty job of 
taking out the ashes and cleaning up the 
floor thereafter is ended. The better the 
housekeeper the more she appreciates the 
electric range! 

Labor Saving 

and Convenience 

The farm women, as a class, work the 
longest hours of any group of persons. 



Electricity functioning through the electric 
range, bringing fire by wire, will save from 
one-half hour to an hour of labor per day, 
with no wood or fuel to carry, or fire to 
keep up, ashes to clean out; no floors to 
be mopped as a result; no smoky pans to 
be scoured; and through greater speed of 
the cooking units almost instantaneous 
heat instead of having to wait. Where one 
is away from home much, the time clock is 
a great convenience. This device permits 
the placing of the meal in the oven and 
setting the clock for the meal to start 
cooking at the desired time. Thus the en- 
tire family can go to church and come 
home and find their meal ready for them at 
the desired hour. 

Cool Kitchen 

Since no air is required for electricity 
to heat, ovens are tightly insulated, thus 
giving off very little heat in the kitchen 
and making full use of the heat in the oven. 
This leaves the kitchen practically as cool 
as any other room in the house. In fact 
the electric refrigerator may sit in the 
kitchen near the electric range, if desired. 



Your electric company maintains 
a staff of engineers and home 
service workers for the purpose 
of perfecting and demonstrating 
the application of electricity to 
the work of the farm and home 
in the form of light, heat and 
power. No charge is made for 
this service. We shall be glad to 
have you call at your local office 
For any information and assistance. 



Safety 

Since there is no combustion there are no 
flaming fuels about the stove, nothing to 
blow out, no fuel-burning odors, no smok- 
ing from poor draft. The electric range is 
silent and simple to operate. This safety 
feature is much appreciated in cases where 
there are small children in the family. 

Attractiveness 

While the elecric range can be secured in 
black finish, the cost is not a great deal 
more for white enamel, which most house- 
wives prefer. This requires much less 
work to keep clean than has been spent in 
applying stove polish in the past. With 
the stove itself an attractive unit, without 
fumes or dirt, the kitchen may readily be 
kept so as to please the most fastidious 
housekeeper. 

Economy 

No other combination of cooking appli- 
ance and fuel can offer all the features of 
the electric range at as low a cost. At 3c 
per K.W.H. the cost of electricity for 
cooking will average about Ic per person 
per meal for current or about $4.50 per 
month for a family of five. It will vary 
above and below this with the size of the 
family and the amount of cooking that is 
done and the cost per K.W.H. of current. 
Farm women say that it has cost them 
about this sum for the purchase of other 
summer fuel. When all the features of the 
electric range are taken into account, they 
consider it economical as well as being the 
most perfect method of cooking. Ask the 
women who have the electric range if they 
would give it up. We believe they are 
convinced that 



IT COSTS MORE TO DO WITHOUT ELECTRICITY THAN TO USE IT- 

Published in the interest of Rural Electrification by the 



Bradford Electric Company 
J;hester County Electric Company 
^hester Valley Electric Company 
Duquesne Light Company 
^dison Light & Power Company 
^ne County Electric Company 
*^ne Lighting Company 




Keystone Public Service Company 
Luzerne County Gas & Electric Company 
Metropolitan Edison Company 
Northern Pennsylvania Power Company 
Penn Central Light & Power Company 
Pennsylvania Electric Company 
Pennsylvania Power & Light Company 



Pennsylvania Power Company 
Philadelphia Electric Company 
Scranton Electric Company 
South Penn Electric Company 
Southern Pennsylvania Power Company 
Wellsboro Electric Company 
West Penn Power Company 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 8 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



August, 1931 



Pennsylvania Qrange News 

Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 

Rooms 426-30, Telegraph Buildintf 
216 Locust St, Harrisburg. Pa. 

5 cents a copy. 50 cents a year. 



Vol. XXVIII 



August, 1931 



No. 5 



Board of Managers 

E. B. DORSETT, President 

S. A. HARSHAW H. D. ALLEBACH KENZIE BAGSHAW 

Editor, E. B. DORSETT, Mansfield, Pa. 
to whom should be addressed all matters relating to news contributions, photographs, etc. 

Associate Editors 

HANNAH McK. LYONS, H. G. EISAMAN, 

Lincoln University, Pa. East Springfield, Pa. 

JOHN H. LIGHT, Business Manager, 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

to whom all matters relative to advertising, mailing list, pattern orders should be addressed. 

ADVERTISING is accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate line, or $3.50 per inch, 
each insertion. New York representative, Norman Co., 34 West 33d Street. 



Big Business 



IN THE early history of this Country, when Infant Industries were still 
in swaddling clothes and business enterprises were being established, it 
may have been necessary, or even advisable, to grant special privileges 
by way of franchises, tax exemptions and right of way; but if such neces- 
sity obtained then it no longer obtains, and all such favors should be 
removed. 

Big Business should realize the truth of the last statement, and accept 
conditions as they are and not as they would like them to be. An intelli- 
gent plan should be worked out, so that Agriculture will be placed on an 
equality with other industries. 

Agriculture is the basis of all wealth and no permanent relief from 
the world-wide depression will be had until she is given an equal oppor- 
tunity, under the law, to obtain an honest share of what the harvest yields. 

Congress, the obedient servant of Big Business, need not waste further 
time and money in trying to solve a problem that can never be solved so 
long as Big Business controls the factors which enter into the solution of 
it. Why continue this farce or further try to deceive the people, when they 
know that no permanent relief can be had until Agriculture is given a 
square deal? No one wants to see business crippled or destroyed; but it 
has become necessary to give some consideration to those who work, whether 
it be on the farm, in the mine or in the factory. A measure of Justice 
and Equity should be meted out to them, as it is through their efforts and 
the results of their labors that Big Business has been made possible and 
exceedingly profitable. 

Big Business is in much the same position today as the two snakes that 
waged a battle to a finish. They fought and fought, until each had swal- 
lowed the other and nothing was left, not even a grease spot. Big Business 
has been doing this for more than a quarter of a century, until there is 
little left to swallow and no further victims in sight. She has gouged 
and robbed labor, secured legislation exempting her from taxation and 
placed additional burdens upon real estate, until the breaking point has 
been reached. 

A Franchise that permits or encourages monopolies should never be 
granted, and those that have been should be revoked. The farmer engages 
in farming, but he is not granted any power or authority from the State 
to keep other farmers out of his township or district. On the contrary, 
he is forced to compete with six million other farmers and with the Federal 
Government, that is constantly reclaiming waste lands and bringing more 
acres under the plow. It needs no Solomon to tell the ix'ople that this is 
wrong and should be stopi^d immediately. Governor Pinchot is making 
an honest and sincere effort to curb the power of Public Utilities and de- 
serves the support of the people; but he would make greater progress if he 
were given the power to revoke the Charters which give them the right to 
rob and gouge the genera! public. If this were done, a Public Service 
Commission would not be needed. Why waste time and energy using a 
pen knife, when an axe would be more effective. 

The right of p]minont Domain has been abused until it has become a 
curse and a menace, rather than a benefit in building a happy and prosperous 
community life. The Grange has always advocated this principle — "Special 
privileges to none and equal opportunity to all." Pennsylvania needs a 
new Constitution, and many of the privileges now granted to a few should 
be returned to the many, for their sole use and benefit. 

Some papers tell us that we are suffering from over-i)roduction ; others 
from under-consumption. Correcting either or both of these conditions 
would be helpful, but would not wholly cure the present depression. Some 
drastic action will be necessary before permanent prosperity can be restored. 



The Federal Farm Board has doubtless made an honest effort to solv* 
the farm problem and has failed in its efforts; not because its memberj 
were not sincere or lacked intelligence, but because Big Business woulH 
not let the Board act. All it has done so far is to urge farmers to organic 
and cooperate. The Grange has been doing that for more than sixty years 
without the aid of high priced officials or the use of large sums of money 
from the Federal Government. If farmers could only be made to under- 
stand that the solution of their problem is found in organization and co- 
operation, there would be little use for the walking delegate or professional 
politician. With three million farmers in the Grange, Big Business would 
cease to dominate and then there would be no Farm Problem. 

Why complain when we have the remedy within our hands? Go out 
and build your Grange until you have an organization strong enough to 
dictate the policies and enact the legislation of our State. Then, and not 
until then, will Big Business be regulated and Agriculture come into her 
own. Class legislation and special privilege should be abolished if democracy 
is to endure. 

Before any permanent improvement can be had, there must be a revi- 
sion of tariff rates and duties, not only on the products the farmer pro- 
duces but on the ones he consumes. It must never be forgotten that the 
farmer is both a producer and a heavy consumer. Were this not so, busi- 
ness would be in a much greater depression than it is today. 

In spite of the fact that the farmer is receiving 10% less for hig 
products, and paying 36% more for the things he needs in his home and 
in his farm operations, than before the War, he is still a heavy buyer of 
clothing, farm machinery, trucks, automobiles and other manufactured goods 
and commodities. His trade has kept business going and prevented many 
losses. Increase his selling power and he will increase his buying power. 
Big Business should understand this and be ready and willing to repeal all 
vicious legislation, which prevents equality for Agriculture and a return 
of prosperity. 

The depression of our agriculture in colonial days and the difficulty of 
exporting its products because of the high tariffs against them in foreign 
countries was the principal reason for our protective tariff system of today. 
Farm prices are now depressed by our own excessive and high protective 
tariffs on manufactured products that keep out imports that would pay for 
our farm exports. Our farmers must export their products at prices below 
cost of production. How long will farmers endure this situation, remem- 
bering their continuous bad fortune since the War, and allow a relatively 
few tariff-profiteering manufacturers to longer exploit the farmers' loss of 
one and one-fourth billions annually, over and above its needs for honert 
protection? "Tariff for all or Tariff for none," is still a safe and sound 
policy for us to follow. 

Congress can easily solve the problem of a surplus, by withdrawing froa 
the field of agriculture and letting the farmers who pay the taxes raiae 
the necessary food products. It is hardly fair for the Federal Farm Boaid 
to request farmers to reduce their acreage 10% or 20%, and at the same 
permit water to be carried two hundred forty-five miles from the Boulder 
Dam, built at Government expense, for the purpose of irrigation, thus 
bringing more lands into cultivation and increasing the acreage instead 
of diminishing it. 

In dealing with the unemployment situation. Congress should amend 
the Immigration Law so that no more aliens can come to this Country for 
the next five years, and deport about ten million more that are subjects 
for charity or taking the places of American laborers. 

As a final act. Congress should cease playing politics and attend to 
business. It is much more important that the present depression be lifted, 
business restored and prosperity returned, than it is that some one be 
elected President of the United States in 1932. 



QROWTH OF GRANGE IS RAPID 



New Organizations This Year Cover 
Twenty-four States 

Very remarkable is the showing 
made in organization work by the Na- 
tional Grange for the quarter ending 
July 1st, and these organization fig- 
ures i)rove the vigor of this great farm 
organization in impressive fashion. 
During the quarter 87 new subordi- 
nate Granges, 52 new Juveniles, and 
8 new Pomonas were organized, cov- 
ering 24 states, while many of these 
local units had large charter lists and 
started in energetic fashion. 

For the nine months of the Grange 
year, which runs from October 1 to 
October 1, 231 new subordinate 
Granges, 109 new Juveniles and 17 
new Pomonas had been organized ; as 
compared with the same nine months 
period of a year ago, IGO new subor- 



dinates, 100 new Juveniles and 9 new 
Pomonas. 

The above organizations figures be- 
come the more significant in view of 
the wide-spread agricultural depres- 
sion, and the difficult unemployment 
situation prevailing universally 
throughout the country. Organizers 
at work in many states report a grow- 
ing interest in the Grange among 
rural i)eople, and a disposition to joip 
forces under its leadership for practi- 
cal rural advantages. 



A significant note from the Grang« 
organization field is the fact that 
many new subordinates have this year 
been orgnnized in West Virginia and 
Minnesota, both old Grange states. 
where reviving interest is now being 
shown. 



Every Grange officer is requested to 
get one new member. 



August, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 9 



TENTH ANNIVER- 
SARY CELEBRATION 

On May 26, 1921, a small group of 
rural folks met for the purpose of 
discussing the organization of a Sub- 
ordinate Grange, enthusiasm ran high 
and a second meeting was called for 
June 7th, at this meeting plans were 
formulated whereby a complete or- 
ganization was effected and the obli- 
gation was administered to a group of 
more than one hundred charter mem- 
bers, by the State Deputy of this Dis- 
trict, Calvin R. Bagenstose, on June 

14tV. 
Ten years have now elapsed and 

our tenth anniversary was fittingly 
celebrated by an all-day picnic cli- 
maxed by a banquet and dance in the 
evening. 

Brother Geo. F. Ruth, Pomona Mas- 
ter of Berks County Pomona Grange, 
No. 43, acted as toastmaster. 

The guest speakers of the evening 
were Past State Master Philip Dewey, 
State Overseer Geo. Schuler and State 
Deputy Calvin R. Bagenstose. 

The members of Bernville Grange 
do not believe in life tenure of office, 
consequently the precedent established 
by the first Master, J. Z. Dunkelber- 
ger, in not accepting more than two 
terms has not been violated. 

Brothers Paul Oxenrider, F. H. 
Zerbe, Geo. F. Ruth, M. C. Bohn and 
Dr. J. Wm. Dunkelberger served as 
Masters in the order named. Brothers 
Bohn and Dunkelberger serving one 
term each. 

All Past Masters were present at 
this anniversary except J. Z. Dunkel- 
berger, who has been called to the 
Great Grange from which none return. 

More than fifty of our present mem- 
bership of one hundred sixty-three 
are charter members. 

During the second quarter of this 
year a Juvenile Grange of some thirty 
members under the leadership of Mrs. 
Geo. F. Ruth, Matron, was organized. 

The present success of Bernville 
Grange is due to the untiring and un- 
selfish efforts of the Master, Harvey 
A. Stump, and his staff of officers 
combined with the full cooperation 
of the membership. 

This Subordinate and Juvenile 
Grange meet the first and third Tues- 
day of each month in the Community 
Hall at Bernville, and we extend a 
cordial invitation to any Granger who 
roay be in our jurisdiction to visit 
with us and enjoy the spirit of fra- 
ternity and good fellowship. 

May we ever continue to add dig- 
nity to labor, to be honest and just 
and fear not. 

. Dr. J. Wm. Dunkleberger. 




Protect Potato CIiop. — Thorough 
and frequent spraying is recom- 
mended by plant pathologists of the 
Pennsylvania State College as pro- 
tection against tip burn, leaf scorch, 
and late blight. Under the most ad- 
verse conditions, the sprays should be 
applied at not longer than 5 to 7-day 
intervals. 



The Little Wonder Weed Exterminatorl I 

Will Po»itively Demtroy • ■ 

CANADA THISTLES 

A sprayinK solution not a chlorate 

Write for free illustrated booklet. 

Reber Chemical Co., Reading, Pa. 



I 



I 



I 



Headquarters Hotel for State Grange Meeting at Du Bois 



HOTELS AT DUBOIS 

Following is a list of hotels and 
rates at DuBois, Pa. For room reser- 
vation at the DuBois Hotel, write 
to Kenzie Bagshaw, Hollidaysburg, 
Pa. For other hotels and private 
homes, to W. N. McCreight, DuBois, 
Pa. 

Hotel DuBois 

20 rooms with running water, 

$1.50 single; $2.50 double. 

20 rooms with bath, 

$2.50 single, $4.00 and $4.50 double. 

Hotel Logan 

20 rooms with running water, 
$1.50 single; $2.50 double. 



15 rooms with bath, 

$2.00 single; $3.50 double. 

Fort Worth Hotel 

20 rooms with running water, 
$1.25 single; $2.25 double. 
25 rooms with bath, 
$1.50 single; $2.50 double. 

St. James Hotel 

30 rooms with running water, 
$1.50 single; $2.50 double. 
30 rooms with bath, 
$2.00 single; $3.50 double. 

Hotel Reitz 

23 rooms with running water, 
$1.50 single, $3.00 double. 
27 rooms with bath, 
$2.00 single, $4.00 double. 



MOOSIC GRANGE, NO. 1041 
WAYNE CO., CELEBRATES 
FORTIETH ANNIVERSARY 

Moosic Grange celebrated its forti- 
eth anniversary Friday July 3d. 
A bountiful chicken dinner was 

t^ n ^* ^^^^ ^^ ^ ^''^"^^^ number in 
tne Grange dining hall, which was 
appropriately decorated in red, white 
and blue. 

. After dinner was served, all en- 
joyed the fine program prepared by 
the Lecturer, in honor of tlie occasion. 
T f^.^^^^ter members, also Brother 
of tl. '^' ^cSparran, and the JSIaster 
ni A Grange, were seated on the 
Platform, with other speakers, 
ro/j P^^tform was tastefullv deco- 
p; VI ^jth vases of cut flowers. 
J^rother McSparran, Secretary of Ag- 

wn i! u^' ®^^^ ^^'^ \ino^^n in Grange 

orK, having been Master of Penn- 

^'vania State Grange, was speaker 

0^ the occasion. 

ara f ^^^* ^^^^® "^* ^^^^^^ missed 
for 'iu- ^^ ^^ ^^® ^^^^ " ^^^' message 



Loomis, one of the oldest Grangers in 
the county, gave the address of wel- 
come in a few well chosen words, 
after which roll was called of the 
Charter members. Five are still ac- 
tive in Grange work and were pres- 
ent. Namely: Mrs. L. H. Arnold, 
Mrs. Rena Cowperthwaite, Mr. W. E. 
Rude, Mr. L. H. Arnold, and Mr. C. 
Bunting. The Master then presented 
each with a badge in appreciation of 
their faithfulness for the past forty 
years. 

Mr. Wm. Rude gave a brief his- 
tory of the Grange. 

Music was enjoyed between speech- 
es, furnished by the Grange Orches- 
tra — Mrs. J. V. Griswold at the piano, 
Mr. J. V. Griswold, violin, Vincent 
Arnold, violin, Bobby Arnold, snare 
drum and Mrs. Keith Arnold, guitar. 

After the afternoon program was 
over, a social hour was enjoyed after 
which supper was served to a large 
number. 

A drama entitled, "A Poor Mar- 
ried Man," was given in the evening, 
which was enjoyed by all who saw it. 

The hall was filled to its capacity 
for the i)erformance. Mr. Frank Jen- 
kins furnished music between acts. 
One feature which was particularly 
enjoyable was a group of tiny future 
Grangers singing popular songs, to 
the music of Mr. Jenkins and his 
piano accordion. Everyone reported 
a fine time. Nine Granges were rep- 
resented at the celebration. The 
Grange has had invitations to give 
their drama in other communities 
and they are planning to do the same. 



THE PUNSTER! 

"Have you seen any rats around 
here?" 

"Gnaw." 

— Ohio State Sun Dial. 




Delivered prices quoted on request. 

THE L BIGLOW CO. New London, 0. 



Sent by Ezpresi or Parcel Post 
Leading Varietlei F.O.B. 



100 

Cabbage | .46 

Cauliflower 76 

Tomato 60 

Pepper 86 

Sweet Potato 70 

Beets, Lettuce, 

B. Sprouts 60 

Catalog Free 
0. E. FIELD, Sewell, 



500 
11.00 
8.00 
1.16 
2.86 
1.86 

1.60 



5000 

or more 

1000 Per M 

11.66 11.60 



8.60 
1.80 
8.76 
8.00 



8.00 
1.66 
8.60 
8.90 



8.50 £.85 

New Jersey 



Raise TREESi 
for profit 

Make bis money on Christmas Trees and Orna- 
mental Evergreens. Great sellers at Roadside 
Stands. We furnish seedlings and transplants. 
Note these bif values: 

TRANSPLANTED TREES 

WkiteSprace • 4-rr.. S-12'. $3-100. $20M 
Norway Spruce - 4-fT., t-lS*. 
Norway Spmce - S-yr., 10-20', 
Colorado Bloc Sprace • 3-yr., 2-5*. 
DoufiasFir • 4-yr., 7-14*, $3-100. $20-M 
Dtfircry and Packing Ckarps— Ai CMt— NOT iachM. 
Our FALL Price List, u-ith many other attrac- 
tive lutingt Ujust off the Pre**. A copy 
is yours for the asking. 

Keene Forestry Associates, Dept.GN, Kecne, N. H. 
l'^31--OUU 25th ANNIVERSARY YEAR 



$3-100. $20-M 
$5-100. $35-M 
$5-100. $3S-M 



the fa 



rmers. Mr. Grandison 



EXPLANATION ACCEPTED 

House Motlier: "When you came 
home last ni>ht, you said you'd been 
to the Grand. Now you say it's the 
Metropolitan." 

Suspect: "When I came home I 
couldn't say Metropolitan." 

— Minn. Ski-U-Mah. 



Pennsylvania State Grange 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY 
PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 

ml^t ^^""^^ ^^'^^ 

New i if th Degree Manuals, per set of 9 3 OO 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, single copy 40 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 4 00 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 3 .25 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy . 35 

Constitution and By-Laws ...............'.'. .10 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony ......!..]..* .10 

Song Books, "The Patron," board covers, cloth, single copy or less than 

half dozen gg 

P*'^ ^ozen ...'..'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.V.\ 6 ! 00 

per half dozen 3 . 00 

Dues Account Book ..'..............'.'. 75 

Secretary 's Record Book .70 

Treasurer 's Account Book ! 70 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange to Pomona, per hundred .......... 1 !oO 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 25 '35 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 100 "x o^ 

Roll Book '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'..'. 75 

Application Blanks, per hundred .50 

Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred .60 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty .25 

Notice of Arrearage, per hundred ! 40 

Notice of Suspension, per hundred ............* .40 

Secretary 's Receipts, per hundred !4.t 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred ..]!!.!.!!!!. ^40 

Treasurer 's Receipts ...........*...'.*..' 40 

Trade Cards, per hundred 50 

Demit Cards, each .!.!..! 01 

Withdrawal Cards, each '.'.*...... 01 

Better Degree Work, by S. H. Holland . . 2 00 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer Whitehead) '..'.'..'.".*.'.'. ' 10 

Book of Patriotic Plays, Tableaux and Recitations 35 

Humorous Recitations, Poetry and Prose !35 

A Brief History of the Grange Movement in Pennsylvania, by W. F. Hill . . 30 

Grange Hall Plans 30 

In ordering any of the above supplies, the cash must always acconipanv the 
order. The Secretary is not authorized to open accounts. 

Remittances should be made by Postal Money Orders, Checks, or Registered 
Letter. Orders for supplies must bear the Seal of the Grange for which ordered. 

By order of Executive Committee, 

John H. Light, Secretary, 
Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 10 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



August, 1931 



Home Economics 
Committee 

Mrs. Georgia M. Piolett 
Mrs. Furman Gyger 
Miss Charlotte E. Ray 
Mrs. Charlotte Ruppin 
Mrs. Clara C. Phillips 



WOMAN'S WORK 

IN THE 

OME AND GRANGE 

By Home Economics Committee 



"Count not the passing years, but 
rather weigh 
The task attempted every passing 

Life is not theirs who know not how 

to live, 
Who strive to gather but forget to 

give. 
He liveth best, who, though his days 

be few 
Renders to God and man a service 

good and true." 



Poem fob the Month 

/ Have Found Such Joy 

I have found such joy in simple 
things, — 
A plain clean room, a nut-brown 
loaf of bread, 
A cup of milk, a kettle as it sings. 
And in a leaf -flecked square upon a 

floor, 
Where yellow sunlight glimmers 
through a door. 

I have found such joy in things that 
All 

My quiet days,— a curtain's blowing 
grace, 
A growing plant upon a window sill, 
A rose fresh-cut and placed within a 
vase, 
A table cleared, a lamp beside a chair. 
And books I long have loved beside me 
there. 

— Grace Noll Crowell 



"The days grow shorter, the nights 
grow longer; 
The headstones thicken along the 
way; 
And life grows sadder, but love grows 
stronger. 
For those who walk with us day by 
day. 

"The tear comes quicker, the laugh 
comes slower. 
The courage is lesser to do and 
dare; 
And the tide of joy in the heart falls 
lower. 
And seldom covers the reef of care. 

"But all true things in the world seem 
truer. 
And the better things on earth 
seem best; 
And friends are dearer, as friends 
are fewer. 
And love is all as our sun dips 
west. 

"So let us clasp hands as we walk to- 
gether 
And let us speak softly in low, 
sweet tones. 
For no man knows, on the morrow 
whether 
We two pass on — or but one 
alone." ^A. M. P. 



Community Projects for Grangers 
TO CoNsroER FOR Year 1931 



Mrs. Wm. Armstrong 

An Appreciation 

"We do not call it death, this slipping 
of earthly moorings 
And drifting with the ebbing tide 
away. 

But It is only passing through the 
shadow 
Into a life of endless day." 

r 

It seems so short a time since last 
btate Grange when Mrs. Armstrong 
was with us. Saddened by the death 
ot her husband she was not making 
any plans for the future, but bravely 
"J^^» *^® ^"^^ ^^ ^^ey came. Now 
if- u ^ passed on to that bourne from 
which no traveler returns. And as 
we think of her we realize there are 
some things to be said of this faithful 
sister. No earthly record can do jus- 
tice to the years so consistently lived 
her loyalty to her home, her friends 
and her Grange. Life is a matter of 
quality not quantity and the beauti- 
ful quiet life she lived has not been 
in vain. Her consciencious devotion 
to all that was best in life will live 
long m our memory. The door is 
closed, her task is done, and who will 
not say the world was better for that 
useful life. O, mystery of death, and 
greater mystery of life I Both are in 
the hands of Him who doeth all things 
well. 

The sweetest songs that life's story 
sings to us are of friendships, and our 
best memory of Mrs. Armstrong is 
her loyalty to her friends, not only in 
sunshine, but when the clouds were 
dark and the way hard. Farewell 
dear friend, we who are left, will 
"carry on," for there is work to do, 
and loads to lift. We will not shun 
the struggle but face it, 'tis God's 
gift. And let us not forget to be 
kind — for as we older grow 



In this day and age, a community 
project must be something that will 
benefit our organization as well as our 
community, — something that will 
arouse to a greater usefulness our la- 
tent possibilities. With this point in 
mind the home Economics Committee 
submits the following project sugges- 
tions as worthy of the Grange's con- 
sideration : 

(1) That Buffalo Grange make a 
donation of raw and canned vegeta- 
bles, also jelly and jam, to be given to 
the children's cafeteria of Canton 
lownship. Splendid response. 
. ^2) That the Grange have a picnic 
in the late summer, inviting the peo- 
ple of the community. (Those out- 
side our Order to be our guests.) 

♦k T> '^^^^ *^^ Grange help promote 
the I'omona Grange project. (The 
county orchestra.) Had bake sale and 
gave $15 to orchestra. Rest to build- 
ing fund. 

(4) That we conduct a membership 
drive. Seek members who will be of 
true benefit to our Order. 

(5) That we have an open meeting 
aurmg the year with a special pro- 
gram. 

(6) That we repair the drivewav, 
and plant at least one plot of hardV 
plants on the Cleland school grounds. 
(Done.) 

(7) That we encourage the planting 
ot fruits and flowers, and that we take 
better care of our crops and fruit 
trees. Then at a suitable time in the 
fall of 1931, we might secure Green 
Galley Hall for one day and night, 
and hold our annual flower and prod- 
ucts show in the afternoon. We could 
mvite other Grangers and farmers to 
participate. In the evening our Lec- 
turer could, assisted by our orchestra, 
put on a program for which a small 
admittance fee could be charged. Ice 
cream and other light refreshments 
could be sold during the day. (Seeds 
and plants given children of Grange 

I by H. E. Committee. 



(8) Buffalo Grange has already 
given $10.00 to Red Cross for relief 
work. This we consider a worthy 
project. 

Any one of these suggestions, if 
given the united support of all mem- 
bers, cannot but encourage better 
crops, brighter homes, sponsor a better 
community feeling, and would do a 
great deal to put Buffalo Grange in 
the front rank of Washington County 
Granges. 

Remember these are only sugges- 
tions. And that one thing well done 
is better than many started and never 
finished. 

Mrs. H. a. McKee, 
Mrs. F. C. McElwain, 
Mrs. Samuel Flack, 
Mrs. Earl Kuhn, 

Home Economics Committee. 
This report was adopted. A com- 
mittee appointed to carry out each 



separate project. Five are completed 
at June Pomona. Rest under way. 

A Picnic Luncheon 

Bread and butter sandwiches, or 
buttered rolls. 
Beef-loaf. 
Deviled eggs. 
Bean or potato salad. 
Pickles. 
Fruit. 
Sponge cake. 



Meat-Loaf 
IV2 lbs. ground meat 
Bread crumbs from V2 loaf of btead 
3 eggs, beaten with a cupful of milk 
1 onion, cut very fine, cooked in 
fat 

Mix well, and put V2 in greased 
pan, preferably bread pan, lay whole 
hard-boiled eggs on this lengthwise; 
then put the other half of the meat 
in. Cover with oil paper and cook in 



OUR FASHION AND PAHERN DEPARTMENT 

All patterns 18 cents each, postage prepaldc 



AuRUst, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 11 




All patterns price 15c each in stamps or coin (coin preferred). 



8268— Smart School Frock. Designed for 
sizes 6. 8. 10. 12 and 14 years. 
Size 8 requires 2 yards of 39-lnch 
material with % yard of 35-lnch 
contrasting. 

8266— For Smart Juniors. Designed for 
sizes 8 10, 12 and 14 years. Size 
?oJi^"'wt 2 yards of 39-lnch ma- 
teria with Mj yard of 39-lnch con- 
trastlng. 

3206— Slimming I^lnes. Designed for sizes 
36 38. 40. 42. 44. 46 and 48 inches 
bust measure. Size 36 requires 3% 
yards of 3<>-lnch material with % 
yard of 39-lnch contrasting. 



8202— Tailored Chic. Designed for sizes 16, 
18 years, 36. 38, 40 and 42 Inche* 
bust measure. Size 36 requires 3% 
yards of 39-lnch material. 

8219 — Smart Simplicity. Deslened for §!««• 
14. 16. 18. 20 years. 36. 38 and 40 
Inches bust measure. Size 16 re- 
quires 3V^ yards of 39-lnch mate- 
rial with % yard of 39-lnch con- 
trasting. 

8864 — Modish and Simple. Designed for bU«« 
2, 4, 6 and 8 years. Size 4 requires 
1% yards of 35-lnch material with 
% yard of 35-Inch contrasting. 



Address, giving number and size: 

PATTERN DEPARTMENT, GRANGE NEWS 

428 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



a medium oven about 2 hours. When 
you cut the loaf, each piece has a 
slice of hard-boiled egg in the center, 
which makes it look attractive. 

Deviled Eggs 

Cut hard-boiled eggs in half, 
lengthwise. Remove yolks and mash 
fine. For 6 eggs, add 2 tablespoon- 
fuls of melted butter, some parsley, 
chopped very fine, y2 teaspoonful of 
dry mustard, pepper and salt to taste. 
Work together; then add 1 table- 
spoonful of lemon juice, and fill in 
shells; sprinkle with paprika. 

Bean Salad 

Cut string beans lengthwise in 
narrow strips, and boil in salt water 
until soft; then dress either with a 
French dressing, or one made with 
cream, vinegar, salt and pepper. Put 
fine chopped parsley on top, or rice 
the yolk of an egg over it. 

Sponge Cake 

Beat 6 whites of egg until stiff; 
add 1 cupful of granulated sugar 
slowly, and continue to beat. Then, 
add the 6 beaten yolks, into which you 
have grated the rind of either a lemon 
or an orange; fold in 1 cupful of 
flour and 1 level teaspoonful of bak- 
ing powder. Bake in a slow oven. 

Do You Know That — 

A nice way to serve pineapple is to 
cut it in small pieces and put it 
through the potato ricer? 

The nicest and easiest way to pre- 
pare raw carrots for salad is to put 
them through the food chopper? 

The food chopper is much the bet- 
ter to use for horse radish than the 
grater ? 

An after-dinner mint, placed in the 
center of your half of grapefruit gives 
it a delicious taste? 

Peanut butter and bananas mixed 
make a nice sandwich filling? 

A delicious salad is made by mix- 
ing chopped olives and cream cheese. 
Fill the centers of small cooked beets 
with this mixture. Put mayonnaise 
on top and serve on lettuce? 

Hard-boiled egg yolks, diced celery, 
chopped onion, and chopped olives 
mixed with salad dressing make a 
nice filling for stuffed eggs? 

Also chopped cooked meat, pi- 
mentos, and the hard-boiled egg yolks 
mixed and seasoned well are nice to 
stuflF the eggs ? 

Clara E. Dewey. 



choicest varieties of Delphinium. 
Of course, they will not attain their 
full beauty until another year, which 
holds good of most of the hardy per- 
ennials. 

I sow the seed into the cold frame 
after all the summer flowers are out, 
keep the seedlings damp, so that by 
October most of them are ready to 
be transplanted. Those which are 
too small, I let wait until spring, by 
protecting them with a covering of 
leaves or straw. Among the peren- 
nials which I raise in the same fash- 
ion are: Columbines, fox-gloves, 
coral-bells, shasta daisies, hardy 
pinks, gaillardias, campanula, etc. 
The beautiful Canterbury bells have 
to be sown fresh every year as they 
are biennials and die after displaying 
their gorgeous blooms. 

I know of no more fascinating pas- 
time than raising your own peren- 
nials, and watching the tiny little 
seeds expand into beautiful and 
stately plants and flowers. If you 
should desire some relaxation from 
the dailv grind, give it a trial. 



If you have not as yet started your 
perennials for next year, now is the 
time to sow them. Good, really 
worthwhile perennials come rather 
^m if one purchases the plants, and 
some of the best houses will onlv sell 
them in lots of three. TherefoVe, it 

^FX ^^ '^^®® ^^"^ ^^^ plants, even 
'I the seed seems quite expensive. 

Last year, I sowed a packet of 
^elphinium seed, for which I paid 
nity cents; I sold enough plants to 
amply repay me for the expenditure, 
«na the rest of them made a fine dis- 
'"a.^ m my hardy border of the 



STRAWBERRIES 

m Allen '8 Book of Btirries 
tells how. Shippinfr sea- 
eon Nov. Ist to May lit. 
Write today for free oopy. 
,^ THE W. F. ALLEN 00. 
199 Market St., Salisbury, Md. 




E-Z-WAY EGG 

perfectiv ( <^uara 

♦'°" Satilf' .'?'^"y " 
^'^out SO H " Kuarantecd. 

C D T" ^^^^ "•• 'emons. 
E » Jl"^^^^^ prepaid. 

intepwaTt^J preserver 

^*:«NATI0NAL FALLS 



FRUIT 
TABLE 

<juaranteed, to 
ipany months wi 



AND VEGE- 
PRESERVER, 

keep fresh eggs 

thout refrigera- 

One can covers 

Price 50c sent 

COMPANY 
MINNESOTA 



Ceres and the Grange 

You have heard of Ceres in My- 
thology, have seen Ceres portrayed at 
initiations, but now Ceres is notice- 
able to each one of you in everyday 
life. 

Your binders are whirling through 
golden grain, beautiful golden grain 
and as your harvests yields you such 
an abundance of crops why not make 
a resolution to aid yourselves, Ceres 
and your Grange. The most logical 
way to do this is to attend your 
Grange meeting and get behind its 
many activities. 

Ceres and your Grange is to aid 
you in selecting seed, having faith in 
its growth, aiding it to mature, and 
to market it to your best advantage. 

Do not set idle, as a man who has 
his hands tied waiting for aid, but 
go to your Grange and any aid that is 
deserving should be given. Remem- 
ber you are part of the Grange and 
are responsible for your share of the 
growth and development of both seed 
and Grange. There is no room for 
idlers, all must boost and work for 
their own Grange so that Ceres may 
smile more brightly and aid each 
Patron to reach the highest peak of 
success. 

Fraternally yours, 

Sarah Caven. 



The Home Economics building will 
be located on Holmes field. It is to 
be built of red brick and trimmed 
with Indiana limestone. The build- 
ing will assume the shape of an H. 
On each side of the central portion 
of the building there will be a wing. 

The building will be three stories 
high. It will accommodate all depart- 
ments of home economics except home 
management, which will carry on in 
the present practice house. In the 
central portion of the first floor, the 
nursery school will be located. A 
cafeteria will occupy the right wing 
of this floor, while clothing labora- 
tories will be found on the left wing. 
Classrooms and space for food labora- 
tories will be found on the second 
floor. On the third floor a library 
and reading room, as well as the 
offices of the department will be lo- 
cated. Ground broken June 20th. 



Appropriation Provides for 

New Home Economics Building 



Departments Share in the Use of 

State Money Made Available for 

Relief of Unemployment 

Plans for a new Home Economics 
Building, to be located just south of 
McAllister Hall, are now being 
drawn, according to A. O. Morse, ex- 
ecutive secretary to the president of 
the college. 

The State Legislature has recently 
appropriated $900,000 to the Penn- 
sylvania State College for the erection 
of a Home Economics Building and 
a Dairy Husbandry Building. About 
five hundred thousand dollars will be 
spent on the Dairy Husbandry Build- 
ing, while the remainder will be used 
in the erection of the Home Eco- 
nomics structure. 

The sum of money granted to the 
College is a part of the appropriation 
for the construction program, planned 
for the relief of unemployment. This 
money was made available several 
months before the Pennsylvania State 
College appropriations are generally 
made. It is hoped that the plans for 
the structure will be completed by the 
first of June. Construction will prob- 
ably be started by July 1. 



Home Economics Head With 

Dept. for Thirteen Years 

Miss Edith Pitt Chace, head of the 
Department of Home Economics at 
the Pennsylvania State College, has 
been with us for thirteen years. Dur- 
ing this time she has held the respect 
and won the love of the girls taking 
the Home Economics courses. 

From the time Miss Chace attended 
Fredonia Normal School, Fredonia, 
New York, she has had many out- 
standing interests. At Fredonia, she 
prepared herself for the teaching pro- 
fession and for five years taught in 
the elementary schools of New York 
State. 

Having much interest for Social 
Service work. Miss Chace devoted ten 
years of her life in that field. In the 
fall of 1902 she moved to Pittsburgh 
where she spent the following year 
in Home Mission work, one year in 
Juvenile Court work, and eight years 
as supervisor of Home Libraries and 
Reading Clubs of the Carnegie Li- 
brary System. 

Miss Chace was intensely interested 
in young people. She decided that 
the best way to help young people 
was through the home. With this in 
mind she entered Teachers College, 
Columbia University, New York City, 
to fit herself to teach Home Eco- 
nomics.^ She received her Bachelor 
of Science degree in 1915. Later, in 
1918, she received her Master of Arts 
degree. 

While a student of Teachers Col- 
lege, Miss Chace was editor of the 
Household Arts Review, a publica- 
tion of the Household Arts Depart- 
ment of Teachers College. Miss 
Chace is a member of Omicron Nu, 
National Home Economics Honor So- 
ciety, Phi Kappa Phi, Kappa Delta 
Pi and Phi Mu. 

Since 1918 Miss Chace has been 
with us at Penn State as head of the 
Department of Home Economics. 
We hope that we may show to her 
our appreciation for all that she has 
done for us as well as for the depart- 
ment. 



3,000 ENROLL IN PENN 

STATE SUMMER COLLEGE 

More than 3,000 students enrolled 
in the Summer Session of the Penn- 
sylvania State College when it opened 
Monday for its 22d year. Students 
who were unable to attend for the 
opening were registering throughout 
the week. 

Class work started Tuesday morn- 
ing for the six-week term, and in the 
evening the first of the free lectures 
provided for faculty and students was 
given by Hervey Allen, of Bermuda. 
He will be followed during the sum- 
mer by other well-known men, in- 
cluding Kermit Roosevelt and Wil- 
liam McFee. 



Corn as a Health Food 

Corn on the cob is one of the moat 
widely enjoyed foods of the summer 
months. To many people, summer 
has not officially arrived until they 
have eaten that first delicious ear of 
corn, seasoned with butter. 

Green corn in season may be used 
in the diet with good results and in 
larger amounts than canned corn 
which is more starchy. Roasting ears 
will be found helpful to those suffer- 
ing with constipation, for no matter 
how carefully the green corn is chewed 
there are many fibers which pass 
through apparently without having 
undergone any great change. When 
much of it is eaten the bowels move 
freely because there is a large amount 
of indigestible substance in the corn 
which passes through the body so 
quickly that it does not ferment. 

The hulls of the green corn are 
very tender and do not scratch and 
irritate the intestines as they would 
if the corn were dried. These soft 
tender hulls furnish the bowels with 
sufficient bulk so that they will act 
more freely. Those who are consti- 
pated will do well to eat this tasty 
food quite often during the season. 
Whether you pluck the corn from your 
own garden rows or buy it it is a 
good plan to use it as fresh as pos- 
sible. 

When choosing fresh corn take the 
ears which are milky and have well 
puffed out kernels. The husk should 
be a fresh, bright green. The fresher 
the corn, the better the taste. 

Corn on the cob is about 75 per cent 
water, about 6 per cent sugar and 
about 14 per cent starch. It contains 
good amounts of potassium, sodium, 
magnesium, phosphorus and chlorine. 

Corn should not be cooked for a 
long time, as the starch cells of green 
corn are readily digested even in the 
raw state. Some people prefer the 
corn eaten from the cob with butter. 
Others prefer the corn cut from the 
cob and served with cream. When 
using cream over corn it should be 
warmed slightly by placing the bottle 
of cream in warm water, then pouring 
this over the warm corn which lias 
just been removed from the fire. 

When using canned corn you should 
remember that it is three times as 
starchy as green corn. Corn cut from 
the cob makes a very tasty food. 



PRODUCTION AND MARKETING 

From the Dean of the School of 
Agriculture 

Agriculture is the basic industry of 
this country. National prosperity is 
impossible without a prosperous agri- 
culture. The success of our American 
farmers depends upon the application 
of sound principles relating to pro- 
duction and marketing. It is a sci- 
entific game. It is a challenge to 
thousands of young men who are now 
in high schools. College-trained men 
who have specialized along agricul- 
tural lines are in demand everywhere. 
They are needed as farmers, orchard- 
ists, gardeners, stockmen, dairymen, 
poultrymen, chemists, creamery manu- 
facturers, extension workers, investi- 
gators, teachers, foresters, landscape 
architects, journalists, bankers, man- 
agers of cooperative associations, and 
in various business enterprises that 
are seeking the services of college- 
trained specialists in agriculture. A 
4-year college course in agriculture is 
a real worthwhile investment. Penn 
State is the only institution of higher 
learning in Pennsylvania which af- 
fords this opportunity. 

R. L. Watts. 



Page 12 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



August, 1931 



Among the Granges 

Activities of the Order in Various Localities 



WESTMORELAND POMONA 

GUESTS OF ROSTRA VER 

The first six months of the year 
1931 are months that will long be re- 
membered in Rostraver Grange, No. 
919. 

On April 3, 1931, the Grange held 
its first meeting in its new hall. Al- 
though the weather was very stormy 
fifty-seven faithful Patrons were 
present. The hall is a building the 
Grange can be proud of and is a 
credit to the community. 

Since getting in the new hall a 
Degree Team has been organized. A 
class of twenty-five candidates were 
initiated in First and Second Degrees 
on May 1st, and the Third and Fourth 
Degrees were conferred on May 15th. 
The team did excellent work for its 
first time and will no doubt be a great 
help to the Grange in the future. A 
class of twenty had been initiated in 
March. The total membership is now 
225. 

Westmoreland County Pomona was 
held at Rostraver, June 4, 1931. State 
Master E. B. Dorsett was present and 
a large class was initiated in Fifth 
Degree in the evening. 



bership is expected as a result of the 
meeting. 



MILLBROOK GRANGE 

Millbrook Grange joined with her 
friends and neighbors in holding a 
community picnic Saturday, July 4, 
1931. The day was ideal and the at- 
tendance large and appreciative. The 
Worthy State Master spoke on "The 
Grange as a Factor in Building Com- 
munity Life." He stressed the impor- 
tance of the Home, the Church and 
the School as other factors and urged 
a more harmonious working arrange- 
ment between these agencies. 

Gatherings of this kind cannot help 
but enlighten those outside the gates 
and enthuse those who are working to 
build up Grange membership. 

HEMLOCK GRANGE 

HOLDS OPEN MEETING 

Hemlock Grange held an open meet- 
ing Thursday evening, July 2, 1931. 
This Grange was recently reorganized 
by our Worthy Gatekeeper, Brother 
Vernon E. Carr, with some thirty 
members and now has sixty-five. 

The Worthy State Master addressed 
the meeting on "The Value and In- 
formation of the Grange." Those in 
attendance, both members and non- 
members, were interested in his mes- 
sage and a further growth in mem- 



PORTER GRANGE HOLDS 

OPEN MEETING 

Porter Grange held an open meet- 
ing Friday evening, July 3, 1931. This 
Grange was still in the process of re- 
organization and was completed the 
following Friday night by the State 
Deputy, Brother Carr, with twenty- 
eight members. 

A number of visitors were present, 
including the State Master, Brothers 
Dallas Deff, Past Pomona Master, 
Horace Miller, County Treasurer and 
Charley Snyder, Prothonotary. 

All spoke in the interest of the 
Grange and commended Brother Carr 
for the splendid work he had done in 
getting the Grange together. 

Here was a case where an empty 
Grange hall entered into the propo- 
sition, and it was a factor in getting 
the Grange reorganized. 



Sister Irene Kinter, Lecturer of 
Home Grange, Indiana County, 
writes as follows : As a result of your 
visit to our Pomona at Marchand, 
Home Grange put on a drive for 
membership. Sixteen members have 
been reinstated and twenty-five have 
been instructed in the First and Sec- 
ond Degrees, with several more ap- 
plications on hand. 



Brother R. E. Carter, Acting Coun- 
ty Agent for Indiana, writes that 
Home Grange initiated a class of fif- 
ty-two at its meeting Tuesday eve- 
ning, July 14th. This Grange has 
more than doubled its membership in 
less than three months, and is grow- 
ing. What it has done others can do. 
Which Grange will be next? 



ELDRED GRANGE HOLDS 

REGULAR MEETING 

Eldred Grange, McKean County, 
held its regular meeting at the home 
of the Worthy Master, Brother A. W. 
Gardner and wife, Wednesday eve- 
ning, July 1, 1931. 

Thfe Grange had as visitors, the 
Worthy State Master, the Worthy 
State Steward, the newly-elected Po- 
mona Master, Brother H. J. Rice, 
the County Agent, Brother Ross and 
members from Coryville Grange. 

Two candidates were instructed in 
the First and Second Degrees, and 
the balance of time used in discussing 
ways and means for securing a Grange 
hall. The executive committee was 
instructed to proceed with the work 
and a new Grange home is assured. 



Fred E. Flaugh, Pomona Master 
and State Deputy for Crawford Coun- 
ty, reports that he has reorganized 
Wayne Center Grange with sixteen 
members. He further reports that he 
has a new Grange in prospect at 
Cochranton, and expects to complete 
the organization before the Grange 
year closes. 



Daniel P. O'Shea, Worthy Master 
of Burning Bush Grange, writes that 
he has six new applications and one 
for reinstatement. A picnic is being 
held in August and an effort will be 
made to get more applications. 





Tioga County Patrons, Members of the Seventh Degree for More Than 

Thirty Years 



Ann Arbor, Mich., July 10, 1931. 
Mrs. Wm. D. Phillips, Care Penn. 
Grange News, 

My Dear Mrs. Phillips: 

When my copy of the Penn. Grange 
News came, I exclaimed in astonish- 
ment and delight! For several weeks, 
— since having to prepare some "In- 
dependence Day" programs for our 
Juvenile Grange page, — I have been 
talking to my sister about the great 
need of the Grange making a deter- 
mined effort to put out programs 
along the line of "the new patriot- 
ism. And here you have started the 
work! 

How I wish I might take your hand 
and thank you, — and thank your 
Grange paper that prints your ar- 
ticle on its front page. I am hop- 
ing you will give further attention 
to this subject and help us lecturers 
to pick out subjects, and features for 
our "patriotic programs" that shall 
embody more and more of the for- 
ward-looking and less of the back- 
ward-turning, war-glorifying materi- 
al. It will not be easy, — it will be a 
long road, but a glorious one. For 
example, in my own state, we still 
sing with zest and vim all the verses 
of "Michigan, My Michigan" whereas 
half of them belong to a past we try 
to forget in our social relations of 
tourist travel and business inter- 
course. This is true to an extent of 
much other material we use in song 
and story. Our "Patriotism" of our 
Grange programs nearly everywhere 
shows that we have not taken thought 
sufiiciently as yet on this matter. 

As yet I have not had the privilege 
which you have of attendance upon 
the Cause and Cure of War session, 
but I am deeply interested in all ef- 
forts toward constructive peace. But 
I had my "Arrest of thought," so far 
as the Grange is concerned, when I 
came to plan programs for July meet- 
ings, and especially this year when it 
came to me to help prepare the Juve- 
nile program. I am taking the lib- 
erty of sending my attempt at that in 
the Michigan Patron under another 
cover. 

I do not know what your relation 
to your Lecturers' School and con- 
ferences is, but I'm wondering if you 
cannot begin, with me, to see if some- 
thing cannot be done to direct atten- 
tion of Lecturers toward using more 
material that has the "Newer Ideals 
of Patriotism" in it. I am sure you 
will,— and are doing this already. It 
is a great encouragnient to me to 
know that you are doing so. Please 
depend on me to help toward the 
same end whenever I can. 
Fraternally, 

Jennie Buell, 

Lecturer Michigan State Grange. 

Though all these pests I'd love to jug. 
For they're all you have said. 

None is as bad as that small bug 
Who trios to share your bed. 

—Newark, 0., Advocate. 



CHANGING HOUR OF MEETING 

In a recent issue of Grange News, 
we discussed at length the method of 
procedure in changing the place of 
meeting. This has led to another 
question, that of changing the hour 
of meeting. 

When a Grange desires to change 
the hour of meeting, a resolution to 
that effect should be introduced, and 
if it passes by a majority vote, it is 
all that is necessary to make the 
change. 

ENGINE REPAIR PARTS 

TO ALL OWNERS of Gasoline Englnea 
with the following trade name : Alamo 
Avery, Dairy King. Empire, Gallon, Flying 
Dutchman, Hoosler, Lansing, Lindsay, Pidg! 
eon-Thomas, Sharpless and Rock Island- 
manufactured by the Alamo Engine Com- 
pany of Hillsdale, Michigan. We own the 
entire stock of repair parts. Including pat- 
terns and Jigs for the continuance of service 
for above engines. If unable to secure re 
pairs from your dealer, order direct from 
our factory. We also handle repairs for 
the Moline Universal Tractor and maintain 

complete machine shop. Stephens Servici 
Company, Box L35, Freeport, Illinois. 



Excellent solid colored, registered 
Jersey Bull calf, 4 months old, from 
a great cow, at a bargain. Herd ac- 
credited. W. F. McSparran, Furnisi 
Pa. 



I DRAIN TILE 



Delivered prices quoted on request. 

THE L BIGLOW CO. New London, 0. 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 

OF EVERY DESCRIPTION 
THE RECOGNIZED STANDARD EVERYWHERE 

REGALIA )» BADGES ^ EMBLEMS 

TOOLS, FLAGS. LABOR SAVING BOOKS 
SEND FOR CATALOGUE 

C. J. BAINBRIDGE, SYRACUSE, N. V. 



THE BOS ION REGALIA C6 

Grange Supplies 
Officers' Sashes 




n 



Members' Badges. Subordlnta 
No. 4, Reversible. 45 cents escb 

Pomona Badges. No.l4.Revr«< 
tbla 55 cents each. 

No. 650 U. 8. Wool Bun- 
ting Flag, 3x5 ft. Mounted 
with Eagle and Stand, 96.50 
Printed Silk Plag,3x5ft..Mount*i 

■s above, 110.00. Printed SllkPla^ 
4z6ft., Mounted as above, 115.00 

OUR SPECIALTY 

PAST MASTER JEWELS 
•5.00 to 920.00 
PINS BUTTONS RINO^ 

Sand for our prices before y^u boj^ 

BOSTON REGAUA'cOo 

93 sumin siniEEir boston, masi 



ENTERTAINMENTS 

-FOR YOUR GRANGE— 

Our Loose- Leaf Plays and Recitations are used by 
thousands of Granges. lOc each, or 12 for $1.00. 

Our New "LIVE WIRE STUNT BOOK" {60c.) will 
fit in nicely with your Granse programs. 
Send /or Free catalogues. 
The WUIis N. Bofbee Co.. Dept. E., Syracssc. N. T 





WE MAKE 

Regulation 
Officers* Regalia 

FOR 

JUVENILE, SUBORDINATE. 

POMONA AND STATE 

GRANGES. 

REGULATION BADGES. PAST 

MASTER'S JEWELS, ETC. 

Write fur VtrcunMT Ao. J(i 

FuDer Regalia & Costume Company, 

12 HIGH STREET, WORCESTER. MASS. 

Oldest Grange HouMe-Eatahllthed 1885 




August, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 13 



POTATO GROWERS TO 

STAGE EXPOSITION 



Demonstration, Exhibits, and Inspi- 
rational Talks to Be Featured in 
a Two-Day Program 

John A. McSparran, Secretary of 
the Pennsylvania Department of Ag- 
riculture, will give the opening ad- 
dress at the Potato Exposition at 
State College, August 24th, L. T. 
Denniston, Executive Secretary of the 
Event, announces. The exposition is 
sponsored by the Pennsylvania Potato 
Growers' Association, and will con- 
tinue August 25th and 26th. 

"King Spud" will again reign su- 
preme when the Pennsylvania Potato 
Growers hold the second Potato Ex- 
position at the Pennsylvania State 
College, August 24, 25, 26. 

Plans for the exposition are prac- 
tically complete. Many features of 
the 1929 exposition have been incor- 
porated with new ideas to make this 
one of the greatest educational ex- 
hibits that has ever been attempted 
by the Pennsylvania Potato Growers' 
Association. 

A two-day program instead of three, 
as in 1929, is being held this year 
with the primary object in mind of 
making it possible for the growers to 
attend the entire session. The expo- 
sition will officially open on Monday 
evening, August 24th, and run 
through Tuesday and Wednesday, Au- 
gust 25th and 26th. 

Threefold in Extent 

It is planned that the exhibition 
will be threefold in extent covering 
production, marketing and consump- 
tion. In this way all phases of the 
potato industry will be touched upon 
in the demonstrations, exhibits and 
programs. 

The morning programs will consist 
of addresses by prominent speakers 
who will talk on subjects of general 
agricultural interest and the several 
phases of potato industry. In all cases 
the morning programs will be com- 
bined meetings. 

In the afternoons visitors to the 
exposition will be free to visit the 
machinery displays, field demonstra- 
tions, and educational exhibits. Ex- 
hibits of the various machinery and 
tools connected with production as 

1\ ^^ ^Qwipment and accessories 
used in marketing and preparing po- 
tatoes for consumption will be on the 
grounds. Both horse-drawn and trac- 
tor equipment will be used in the field 
aemonstrations. Educational exhibits 
will be staged by the different depart- 
nients of the School of Agriculture 
and will occupy an entirely separate 
uuildmg. 

Twelve to fifteen acres of land has 
f-et-n set aside by the School of Agri- 
cmturc for field demonstrations, 
j-^ome of this land has been planted 
7^ "^over crops of sweet clover, com- 
Tn^T 'uT' -soybeans, and other crops 
W ^^ 1 . ^'""^^ ^^ demonstrate plow- 
i ';' ^^2 .11 I'^^'Par'-^tion, and plant- 
,,lf; . j^^^'' other plots have been 
ami M,^? l^«^atoes at different dates 
ti «f^ ^ "^^^ to demonstrate cul- 
mion, weeding, spraying, and dig- 



a h.n ^^^"i^-'^y evening, August 24th, 
Cluh''*"^ X ^^^ famous "400 Bushel 
be St "^^"^'^^rs and their wives will 
thesp L ^^^^^ are over 600 of 

of tL"™'^"^ '^'■^ ®"^ the greater part 
event T?^ expected to attend this 
for tho ^^^ ^^ »^s« ^ei^K planned 
gram J^"^^' evening a general pro- 
Club" «* ^^ everyone when "Boys 
Presenfo 1^*^' f"^^ ^^"^«1 ^'ays will be 
Wes tV? the Schwab Auditorium. 

thisnrn^ '"^ $150 are available for 
program 



Entertainment for Women 

Tuesday evening is given over to a 
state-wide Rural Choir Contest. A 
number of rural choirs have already 
expressed a desire to contest for the 
fund of $350 which is available for 
prizes. 

A committee is working out plans 
for special features and entertainment 
for women and young folks who will 
attend. It is planned to have the 
Home Economics Department give 
programs of special interest to wom- 
en, such as talks upon uses of pota- 
toes and their preparation, and other 
subjects of interest to the housewife. 
Social entertainment will also be in- 
cluded as part of this program. 

As in 1929, many counties are al- 
ready planning on running bus tours 
to the exposition. En route, promi- 
nent growers, points of interest, and 
other things will furnish sidelines to 
the tour. Still others are planning to 
corne to the two-day exposition in 
their cars and make the trip a two- 
day family vacation. 

Rooming facilities will be available 
at moderate prices in the college dor- 
mitories, fraternity houses, and room- 
ing houses. Meal tickets will also be 
arranged for at restaurants and board- 
ing houses. 

Ample opportunity will be given 
visitors to take tours over the College 
Farms and Campus and to many other 
points of interest. 

Prominent Growers Invited 

Invitations to attend the Exposition 
have been extended to potato growers 
in states outside of Pennsylvania, es- 
pecially to those growers in Maine 
and Michigan who have previously 
been visited by members of the Penn- 
sylvania Potato Growers' Association. 

The exposition is being sponsored 
by the Pennsylvania Potato Growers 
through their State Association in 
cooperation with the School of Agri- 
culture of the Pennsylvania State 
College. 

Several speakers are being secured 
by the Pennsylvania Potato Growers' 
Association to talk on the morning 
programs. Dr. O. E. Baker, of the 
Division of Land Resources and Land 
Utilization of the United States De- 
partment of Agriculture, has been 
secured to speak upon "Land Utiliza- 
tion." Dr. Baker is the foremost au- 
thority in the United States on the 
utilization of land for agricultural 
purposes. His work has carried liim 
into all sections of the United States 
and therefore he has a very broad 
viewpoint of the country as a whole. 
From all reports Dr. Baker is a force- 
ful speaker and commands the atten- 
tion of his adience. 

Accompanying Dr. Baker on the 
speaking program will be Dr. F. P. 
Weaver, of the Department of Agri- 
cultural Economics at the Pennsylva- 
nia State College. Dr. Weaver will 
speak on "Texas as Related to Rural 
Life Problems." 



mean that to reach the goal there will 
have to be 307 new Granges organized 
and reported to this office before mid- 
night, September 30, 1931. Two hun- 
dred thirty-six of these "work days" 
are now gone and the records show a 
total of 238 new Granges to date. 
That's good — just a little ahead of the 
mark so far. 

There are 71 more work days left 
and in this time we must get 69 more 
new Granges to reach the desired goal. 
It can he done! If the pace that had 
been set so far this year is kept up 
the goal will be reached. 

Here's the total by states so far this 
year: (All these are new Granges, 
there are a lot of reorganizations be- 
sides these, but the goal calls for new 
Granges.) 

California 12 

Idaho ^.17 

Illinois 9 

Kansas 7 

Maryland 1 

Michigan 9 

Minnesota 1 

Nebraska 1 

New York 4 

North Carolina 22 

Ohio 20 

Oklahoma 3 

Oregon 29 

Pennsylvania 6 

South Carolina 30 

South Dakota 4 

Texas 2 

Vermont 3 

Virginia ] 

Washington 31 

West Virginia 6 

Wisconsin n 



Total 238 

We trust that every state leader will 
urge and keep urging the organizing 
force to make a most heroic effort to 
reach this goal. It will be great pub- 
licity for the Order if we can go forth 
this fall saying that the past year 
showed a growth of a new Grange for 
every working day. Let's all do our 
part to make this "come true." 

Fraternally yours in the service, 

Harry A. Caton. 



MARGARET ARMSTRONG 

Death has again invaded the ranks 
of the official family in the passing 
of Sister Armstrong. Almost to the 
day, a year after the death of the 
husband, she passed on, June 21, 
1931. Elsewhere in this issue. Sister 
Piolett has written beautifully in her 
memory. The passing of the Arm- 
strongs has removed from Grange 
ranks, two beloved patrons, who la- 
bored diligently for the best interests 
of the Order, with no selfishness of 
purpose but a devotion to serve the 
Fraternity, they were faithful to the 
end. Loyalty was the watchword and 
our prayer is that all who read these 
lines might emulate this trait of the 
departed. The popularity and esteem 
in which Sister Armstrong was held 
was evidenced by the presence of a 
vast concourse of neighbors and 
friends. On the day of her funeral, 
her friends were legion and many 
came for the last sad rites. The 
simple and beautiful ceremony was in 
keeping with all that she had pro- 
fessed. The pallbearers, John A. 
McSparran, H. A. Fullerton, H. H. 
Pratt, John H. Light, George W. 
Schuler and A. C. Creasy, were all 
Grange friends. The remains were 
interred beside her late husband, in 
the beautiful cemetery at Dallas, on 
June 24th. 



ROSEVILIE GRANGE 

HOLDS KELIEY NIGHT 

Roseville Grange, Xo. 1290, Jeffer- 
son County, held Kellev Night, 
Thursday, July 16, 1931. The worthy 
gatekeeper and worthy master were 
both in attendance and took part in 
the program. 

Visitors were also present from 
Clarion County and Sister Granges 
in Jefferson. The county treasurer 
and two commissioners were present 
and served ice cream at the close of 
the meeting. 



THE NATIONAL GRANGE 

Office of the Secretary 

Coshocton, Ohio, 
July 10, 1931. 

Dear Worthy Master: 

We are now coming down the 
"home stretch" of the Grange year 
with less than three months until' the 
close of the books on September 30th. 

You will recall that one of the 
goals of the National Grange was "a 
new Grange for every working day 
this year." You'll be interested to 
know just how we are coming along 
in regard to this goal. Well, here's 
the situation as it is this evening: 
Exclusive of Sundays and holidays of 
a general nature there are 307 work 
days in this Grange year. This would 




klotz-prosser 

WHEREA8. It has been the divine wiH of 
our heavenly Father to call from this life to 
the life beyond. John Klotz and Morgan 
Prosser, two worthy members of Spring Val- 
ley Grange ; therefore be It 

Resolved, That we drape our charter for 
thirty days, a copy sent to the families, also 
spread on the minutes of our order and pub- 
lished in Grange News. 

Kathry.v Hoover, 
Cleg. V. Bowser, 
Cakrie G. Cook. 

SMITH 
Dec. 5, 1843 — June 9. 1931. 

Whereas. It has been the will of our 
heavenly P'ather in His infinite wisdom to 
call to a hiehor lite Brother Thomas Hervey 
Smith a loyal member of Inion Grange. 
.No. ]103. whose departure has left a va- 
cancy in our Order; in the community one 
noted as ever ready to assist in everv worthy 
project; who will be greatly missed. 

Rcftolvcd, That we. the members of Union 
Grange, No. 1103. extend to the bereaved 
family our heartfelt fraternal sympathy ; 
that a copy of these resolutions be sent 
them ; and further 

Rcsnlved, That our Charter be draped 
for a period of thirty days as a token of 
respect these resolutions be inscribed upon 
our minutes and published In Pennsyvania 
Grange News. N. R. CtrsTEAn. 

J. Frank Gray. 
Mary m. Jekferis. 

Coftiniittee. 

GRIFFITH 

Whereas. Our Divine Master has called 

aTvT p"r^m1\l'^^^''"^^^'°r^^ brother. Samuel 
Alva Grlfflth. therefore be it 

Rrfiolvcd, That we. the members of Perry- 
opolls Grange, extend our heartfelt sympathy 
to the bereaved family »"»«."/ 

Resolved, That our charter be draped for 
sixty days, a copy of these resolutions be sent 
to the bereaved family, placed upon our 



minutes, and published In the Pennsylvanla 
Gra.xge News. 

Viva Lice. 
LiLr Brewer. 
Frank Townseno. 

Committee. 
FAULL 

Whereas. The angel of death has again 
entered the Cnionvilie Grange. No. 1971, 
and taken from us Bro. J. Paul FauU • 

Re.solved, That we the members extend 
our sympathy to the b reaved family, drape 
our charter for 30 days, place these resolu- 
tions on our minutes and publish same In 
Grange News. 

J M. Blain. 

W. J. Young. 

W. C. A. Blain. 

Fishertown, Pa. 
WHFRFAa. The div'ne Master In His In- 
finite wisdom has called 

Brothers E. C. Wagoner 
Liouis R. Goll 
and 

Sisters Mrs. Margaret Arnold 
Mrs. Lens Swingle 
Miss Nellie Remaley 

from the scenes of labor to their heavenly 
reward ; Be it 

Resolved, That while the members of Bea- 
ver County Pomona Grange, No. 66. mourns 
the loss of the loved ones, we do not forget 
the greater loss sustained by those nearer 
and dearer to them. We extend our heart- 
felt sympathy to the bereaved families, and 
pray that the loving Father of all may com- 
fort them In their loneliness and affliction : 
Be It further 

Resolved. That these Resolutions be spread 
on the minutes, a copy be sent to the be- 
reaved families and also published in the 
Grange News. 

Signed : 

Alex Luzklle, Sr. 
J. O. Hineman, 
Newton R, McBridb. 



Page 14 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



August, 1931 



Our Juvenile Granges 



Clara E. Dewey, Waterford 



Dear Juveniles: 

Well, did you all have a fine time 
the Fourth? I hope you did and that 
not one of you was hurt. And now 
it is August and that is the month 
for vacations, picnics, reunions and 
good times in general. I wonder if 
some of you will go camping. There 
are 4-H Club camps and Farm Boys' 
Camps and just camping. I hope 
you may all have the experience of 
camping out for a while even though 
it be in the back yard or down in 
the pasture in that pretty spot by 
the old swimming hole. Then write 
me a letter and tell of the good times 
you had. Perhaps your Juvenile 
Grange is going for a picnic some- 
where. The rest of us would like 
hearing about it. 

I am going to give you some hints 
on vacation good times and wish for 
each of you the very best time ever. 

Clara Dewey. 



Vacation Days 

Vacation days, vacation ways. 
Vacation friends and chums I 

The world puts by its work and plays 
When vacation comes. 

Vacation jests, vacation quests 
On quiet peaks and shores! 

We all are Mother Nature's guests 
Within her out-of-doors. 

Vacation gleams, vacation dreams — 

And memories so dear 
That thinking of those days, it seems 

Vacation all the year I 

Vacation days, vacation ways I 
Who can be grieving when 

The very air about us says 
Vacation's come again? 
— Mary Carolyn Davies, in St. 
Nicholas. 

This month we can have a program 
on Vacation and we might have just 
a miscellaneous program. How about 
a picnic supper? This is the month 
that the first oil well was put in opera- 
tion at Titusville, Pa. Does that 
suggest a program to you? 



Not long ago I read a splendid 
article on "Getting the Most from the 
Long Vacation." I wish I might give 
it to you just as it was written, but 
have not enough space. The writer 
tells us how we look forward to the 
long vacation and then when it is 
over we have a feeling of disappoint- 
ment because we have not done the 
things we plan. She thinks it is be- 





HsLEN Anne Ruppin 

daughter of Mr. and Mrs. L. Ruppin, re- 
ceived the $20 award of the Business and 
Professional Women's Club for the best all- 
round work among the girlg of the Ephrata 
High School. 



cause we sort of "let down." All 
during the school year there is a 
settled routine to follow and when 
vacation comes we just drift. To get 
the most out of a vacation you should 
decide just what you want to do. 
Perhaps the first thing we think of 
is to have a good time, but she recom- 
mends that a part of the day be given 
to something worth while. Read good 
books especially those that will help 
your English work in school. Learn 
some form of household art or how 
to do some thing on the farm and do 
it well. Learn to swim or if you 
know how then learn the different 
strokes. If you are musical then put 
in more time on your music while 
you have no other studies to do. 
Then she says, "Vacation time will 
not be waste time but an important 
factor in training and development." 

About Swimming 

Now if you are going to learn to 
swim, here are some good hints taken 
from The Boy's World: 

Tips for Bathers 

Duck your head as soon as you are 
in the water, or you may get a chill. 

If the sun is very hot, dip fre- 
quently. 

Bathe, if possible, about a couple 
of hours after breakfast. That is 
the best time of day. If you wish to 
take a sunbath, do not let your skin 
burn as a painful sunburn can spoil 
a holiday. 

Never bathe on a deserted part of 
the shore or go alone; it is risky 
even if you are a good swimmer. 

To this we will add the old rule 
"Do not bathe for two hours after 
eating." 

Cool Water, Green Water 

Cool water, green water, 

White flying spray 
Far booming breakers, 

Small waves at play, 
Gulls flying over 

Through the clear blue day. 

What a place for swimming 

When the tide is high. 
How the breakers carry you 

As they came racing by — 
You know how the sea-gulls feel 

With wings spread in the sky I 
— Eleanor Hammond, in Junior 

World. 

Learn to Swim 

To master the crawl stroke it is 
essential to make the action slow, 
smooth and easy. The forward mo- 
tion of the arms is made with muscles 
relaxed, saving power for the drive 
which propels you through the water. 
Breathe smoothly. — Erie Dispatch- 
Herald. 

If you Juveniles cannot go on a 
camping trip I am sure you can get 
a bunch together and have a weiner 
roast or have supper out-of-doors in 
a pretty spot on the farm. Here is 
a recipe which sound good. Really 
sounds good enough to have and in- 
vite father and mother. 

Camp Potpie 

Cut up fresh boiling beef into 
chunks. About three pounds for a 
crowd of seven or eight youngsters. 
Put in a kettle, salt and cover with 
water. Boil until quite tender, about 
fifteen to twenty minutes to the 
pound, adding water from time to 
time if necessary. Add five or six 




West Green Juvenile Grange. 
Mrs. Edward Rose, Matron 



good-sized potatoes cut into large 
cubes or pieces, also two finely-choped 
onions. Continue cooking until the 
vegetables are about half done. Make 
a dough by mixing two cupfuls of 
flour, one-half teaspoonful of salt, 
four teaspoonfuls baking powder, and 
five level tablespoonfuls lard. Mix 
well and add enough water to make 
a soft dough that will spread over the 
top of the meat and vegetables. Cover 
the kettle tightly with a lid and heap 
hot coals on top. Bake until the 
crust is nicely browned. — Alice C. 
Hoffman, in The Boys' World. 



Bean Hole Beans 

Pick over a pint of navy or kidney 
beans and soak over night. Drain and 
cover with boiling water to which one- 
fourth teaspoonful of baking soda has 
been added. Boil slowly until the 
skins begin to loosen. Drain and add 
one-fourth pound of bacon cut into 
small bits, two tablespoonfuls mo- 
lasses, two teaspoonfuls salt and one- 
fourth teaspoonful pepper, also one 
cupful hot water. 

Put in a closely covered pot. Dig 
hole in the ground. Cover bottom 
with glowing coals, about six inches. 
Set the bean crock on the coals, put 
six inches of glowing coals around it. 
Be sure your lid is tight then cover 
with coals. Let them be for about six 
hours and they will be done. 

Saturate sawdust with kerosene and 
add enough melted rosin to stiffen it 
when cold. Cut into small pieces and 
take along to use as kindling in start- 
ing the campfire. It will be a great 
help says H. F. Grinstead in The 
Boy's World. 



There is one thing I want to remind 
you Juveniles about and that is this: 

Don't forget to plan a vacation for 
father and mother. It will do them 
good to forget work and care for a 
while and have a play spell. Also it 



Classified Department 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 



ORANGE LETTER HEADS — They are 

beautk'8 ; printed in two colors with emblem 
in the background. Ruled or unruled paper. 
Send for samples. Grange News Office, 
ChambersburR. Pa. 



LIVE STOCK 



WHEN YOUE COW DOES NOT BBEED— 

Why wait any longer? Try "Cowtone" 30 
minutes before service. (Smallest package, 
$1.70 for 2 cows; $4.90 for 8 cows.) Wood- 
lawn Farm, LlnesvUle, Pennsylvania. Route 
No. 2. B o x 86B. '^ 

60 CHOICE HEREFOKD COWS with 
calves. Also bred back to calf March 1, 1932, 
to the best registered bulls in the country. 
Will cost $115 per head and will sell In lots 
to suit purchaser. Located 2 miles north 
Waldo, Ohio, on State Route 98. Frank 
Rush. Marlon. Ohio. Route 5. 

HERFORD CALVES AND YEARLINGS 

FOR SALE — Three hundred head extra good 
steer and heifer calves and yearlings ; have 
been well wintered, weigh from three to five 
hundred pounds. Cheap. If interested, come, 
or wire, as they won't last long at the 
price. Located one mile south of Hillsboro 
Ohio, on State R out e 38. Henry Dunlap. ' 

BUT OAVADIAN-BRED H0L8TEIN COWS 

and heifers freshening this spring Ad- 
vanced Registration grading. You will like 
our type, breeding, size, and production 
Healthy herds conveniently located close to 
the herder to choose from. A few real good 
young bulls available. Write for listing and 
prices. Apply Director of Extension 
Holbtbin-Friebian Association or Canada' 
Brantford. Ontario. 



PLANTS 



NORTHERN GROWN Cabbage PlanU. 
Copenhagen. Golden Acre and Danish BalN 
head. Prepaid 500, $1.00; 1,000, $1.50. 
Express $1.00 per 1,000. Felgers Plant 
Farm, New Springfield, Ohio. 



GUARANTEED PLANTS— 24 hour service. 
Capacity 250,000 dally. Plants dug fresh for 
your order. Cabbage: Copenhagen, Glory, 
Railhead, Savoy, Flatdutch, Golden Acre, 
Red. Postpaid: 1,000 — $1.65; 500— $1.10; 
200 — 60c ; Expressed : 5.000 — $6.25 ; 10,000 
— $10.00. Onions: 500 — $1.00. Cauliflower 
and Broccoli: 50 — 35c; 100 — 60c: 500— 
$1.75 ; 1,000 — $3.00. Transplanted Toma- 
tos, Celery, Asters. Peppers : 50 — 65c ; 100— 
$1.20. Port Mellinqer, Dept. PG, North 
Lima, Ohio. 

CABBAGE-CAULIFLOWER PLANTS - 

Strong, stocky for late planting : Golden 
Acre Copenhagen, Glory, Flatdutch, Ball- 
head. Prepaid — 200, 60 cents; 500, $1.00; 
1,000. $1.65; 5,000, $6.25 express collect 
Cauliflower: 100. 60 cents; 200, $1.75; 
1,000. $3.00. Celery: 250. $1.00. W. J. 
Myers. R. 2. Masslllon, Ohio, 
minutes before service. Many satisfied cus- 
tomers. (Smallest package, $1.70 for 2 cows; 
$4.90 for 8 cows.) Woodlawn Farm, Llnes- 
vUle, Pennsylvania. Route No. 2, Box 86B. 



HONEY 



CLOVER HONEY. 10 lbs., $1.85; Buck- 
wheat, $1.65 ; postpaid, third rone. Com- 
plete list free. Samples, six cents. RoscoE 
F. Wixbon. Dundee. New Y ork. 

HONEY — 60 lbs. finest clover. $4.80. Two 
or more. $4.50. Satisfaction guaranteed. 
F. W. Lesser, Fayetterllle. N. Y. 



DOGS 



MISCELLANEOUS 



EARN a p ano crocheting at home, span 
time. No selling or investment. No expert 
ence needed. Braumullbb Co., Union City 
N. J. 



STANDARD RABBIT JOURNAL, Milton 
Pa. Reg. $1.00; Special 25c Year ; Sample 
lOc. 



FOR SALE 



FOR SALE at a bargain — An acetylene 
plant, consisting of 3 burners ; tank hold- 
ing 20 gallons; lamp; 2 heaters for cold 
weather. Will sell for $50; discarded for 
electric range. Mrs. James P. Dialuhb 
Dalton. Pa.. (Brae-Slde). ai^ubb. 



PEDIGREED COLLIE PUPPIES — Malea, 
$15. $20 ; Females. $10. Pure maple syrup, 
gallon. $2.50. postpaid. Write: Plummii 
McCuLLouGH, Mercer. Pa. 



WOMAN^S WANTS _ 

BUY DIRECT — From distributors. Send 
$6.50 for not less than 120 assorted dUb* 
guaranteed, consisting of twelve of each 
cups, saucers, all sizes plates, sauce dUbes. 
oatmeals, sugar, creamer, platter, etc. S»ni« 
on decorated one design, $9.00, Factory im* 
perfections. Freight paid over $100 
Standard China Company, 204 Bowerj. 
New York City, Box 315. 

PATCHWORK — 5 pounds clippings M* 
sorted colors. $1.00; four pounds bltnkw 
-emnants. $1.00; four pounds cretonne sam- 
ple pieces. $1.00 ; four pounds silk »■« 
cotton rug strips, $1.00. Pay postman pl«' 
postage. Large package silks. 25c. Beautr 
ful colors, postpaid. Nationax- TixT"-' 
Co.. 661 Main St., Cambridge. Mass. 



FOR BALE — Home Grown Clovers Tim- 
othy Seed. Wheat, and all other Seeds' U J 
Cover Seed Company, Mt. Gllead Ohio * 



HAY, GRAIN, PRODUCE ^ 

WANTED— Hay, straw, grain, poUtoes, 
apples, cabbage, etc. Carloads pay hl«n«" 
market prices. For Sale alfalfa hay, «*' 
corn. The Hamilton Co., New Castle. P»- 




WHITE LEGHORN PULLETS. |1 JT 
hatched from layers and payers. Nelsons 
Poultry Farm, Grove City, Pa. 



August, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 15 



will do you good, and will show them 
how nicely you can "carry on" while 
they are away. 

At the June Pomona meeting in 
Erie County we had a talk on Juve- 
nile Granges and then the Union City 
Juveniles and West Green Juveniles 
gave a program to show what Juve- 
niles can do. The West Green young- 
sters gave a part of their Mother's 
Day program and those from Union 
City a part of their Flag Day pro- 
gram. After they had finished they 
and the matrons were conducted to a 
special table and served with a fine 
dinner for which Pomona paid. The 
Juveniles are to have a short part on 
each Pomona program in Erie County 
so the Worthy Lecturer, Fred Blair, 
says. 

It makes the children feel they have 
a part in the County Grange and they 
will form the habit of attending the 
Pomona meetings. And they are our 
future members, you know. 

Now for our candy recipes. This 
time we will take fudge. 

Rule for Making Fudge 

If you would have your fudge the kind 

That really can't be beaten 
Then you must beat and beat it hard 

Before it can be eaten! 
And strange it is, but very true — 

The harder that you beat it 
The better fudge you will admit 

It is for those who eat it! 



Fudge must be hot enough to melt 
the marshmallows. 

These recipes are taken from a book 
called "When Mother Lets Us Make 
Candy" which would make a good 
book for the Matron's library. 



To make good fudge stir it only 
enough to keep it from sticking while 
it is cooking. 

Try it in fifteen minutes. 
Test it in either of two ways. 

1. Drop one-half teaspoonful in cup- 
ful of cold water. If it will make a 
small ball in your fingers it is cooked 
enough. 

2. Use candy thermometer. WTien 
it reads 236 degrees Fahr. remove 
candy from the stove. 

Karo Fudge 

2 cupfuls granulated sugar 
Vi cupful Karo syrup 
Yi cupful milk 

2 ounces of chocolate or V2 cupful 
cocoa 

2 tablespoonfuls butter. 

Put sugar, syrup, and milk into a 
saucepan and stir over a moderate fire 
until sugar grains disappear. Add 
chocolate or cocoa and stir till melted, 
took till ready to remove from stove. 
Mir in butter and let stand on table 
10 minutes to cool. Add 1 teaspoonful 
vamlla. Beat till it grains. Pour into 
buttered pans and cut in squares. 

Valentine Fudge 
Make same as any fudge and cut 
^th a heart shaped cutter. 

Birthday Fudge 
^^ cupfuls granulated sugar 
^ cupful Karo corn syrup 



PENN JUVENILE 

GRANGE ORGANIZED 

Penn Juvenile Grange was organ- 
ized at Grampian, Clearfield County, 
June 30, 1931, by the Worthy State 
Master, with twenty-seven charter 
members. 

The Master, Billy Kester, is a son 
of the Subordinate Master, and is a 
wide awake and efficient officer. He 
will discharge the duties of his office 
in a manner that will not only be a 
credit to him, but to the Grange as 
a whole. 

Beatrice Thorp was elected Lec- 
turer and Betty Cleaver, Secretary. 
The little folks took plenty of time 
and chose wisely in selecting their 
officers. 

Sister Marie Bonsall was elected 
Matron by the Subordinate Grange, 
and ably assisted in the organization. 
This Juvenile is fortunate in having 
a number of members between the age 
of ten and fourteen, who are keen, 
alert, and eager to begin the work. 
We predict that this Juvenile will 
grow and be a help in extending Ju- 
venile work throughout the county. 



The Secretary's Column 



By John H. Light 



WE ARE on the last lap of the 
1931 Grange year and less than 
two months remain to complete 
this year's Grange history. At the 
opening of the year our aim was to 
have four perfect reports to the Na- 
tional Grange, but we failed in June 
for upwards of forty Granges failed 
to report for that quarter. Some of 
these have reported since June 30th, 
and we hope that every Grange will 
report before the close of the Sep- 
tember Quarter. 

As is well known, the management 
of Grange News has been transferred 
to the secretary's office. The sale of 
space for advertising will be con- 
ducted from this office, and all corre- 
spondence relative to the business of 



Grange News should be addressed to 
Grange News, 428 Telegraph Build- 
ing, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Special attention is called to the 
supplies on sale in the secretary's 
office. The sale price is published in 
every issue of Grange News and we 
solicit the business of every Grange. 
The supplies are specially adapted to 
Grange work. 

Application forms for the Golden 
Sheaf Certificate may be had by 
addressing Grange Headquarters, 
Golden Sheaf Certificates will be is- 
sued for all applications at the com- 
ing session of the National Grange 
and those having been members of the 
Order for fifty years or more are 
eligible. 



JUNEAU GRANGE 

REORGANIZED 

Juneau Grange, No. 1791, Indiana 
County, was reorganiaed Wednesday 
evening, July 15th, by the State Mas- 
ter and the State Gatekeeper, with 
twenty-four members, eight of them 
being new. 

Brother Carr arranged the meeting, 
and used diplomacy in getting a large 
attendance. Juneau has an old-time 
fiddler and Jefferson County has one. 
Each has won honors and gold medals 
for their playing. Both were present 
and each displayed his skill in his 
own way, and then the two played to- 
gether. 

Their music was greatly enjoyed 
and was of great assistance in hold- 
ing the audience until the desired 
number of names had been obtained 
and the fees paid. 

Brother Carr is resourceful and has 
learned that the way to get members 
is to go after them and not wait for 
them to come to him. 

He now has three reorganizations 
to his credit and has a fourth one 
well under way. How many of the 
other state officers will report the 
organization or reorganization of a 
Juvenile or a Subordinate Grange on 
or before September 30th? 



/2 cupful cream or top of milk 
^ ounces chocolate or K cup cocoa 
j tablespoonful butter 
1 teaspoonful vanilla. 

Measure sugar, syrup and cream in- 
to saucepan and cook slowly over mod- 
erate fire. 

Stir till sugar dissolves, 
ut^ T -^^^^^ and cook ten min- 
of^i," J ^* ^^^ take from fire when 
^?f|^ed enough. Add butter and va- 

irrain^^ !u ^ ^^^^y begins to show fine 
Wy.1 . P^^r int^o buttered tin. 
*^hen cool cut in squares. 

Marshmallow Fudge 

fudlp^^u^"'® ^« «i*^er of the other 
, Jfe^ then add finely cut marshmal- 

you L-l ^"^.^^""^ ^^o"i the stove or if 
in pv ^^^® marshmallows in tin 
theni!! ^^^^ ^^^ PO"r fudge over 
'"^ when it is beaten enough. 



FIRST EGG AUCTION IN 

STATE SELLS 102 CASES 



Bucks County poultrymen opened 
the first egg auction in the state at 
Doylestown, Monday, July 13th, by 
selling 102 cases of eggs, C. O. Dos- 
sin, poultry extension specialist of the 
Pennsylvania State College, reports. 
Fancy large eggs sold for two cents 
a dozen above New York premium 
quotations and four cents a dozen 
over Philadelphia prices on extras. 



Harvest Vegetables. — Snap beans, 
lima beans, peas, and sweet corn, de- 
teriorate in quality if not harvested 
soon after reaching edible maturity. 
Green onions, radishes, turnips, car- 
rots, beets, asparagus, rhubarb, kohl 
rabi, parsley, leaf lettuce, spinach, 
kale, mustard, Swiss chard, and New 
Zealand spinach may be harvested as 
soon as edible portions reach a fair 
size. 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE 

ON AGRICULTURE 

John H. Light, our Worthy State 
Secretary, read the following report 
at the meeting of the Conservation 
Council, held in Harrisburg, June 29, 
1931. 

Report of the Committee on Farm- 
ing. — Mr. John H. Light presented 
the report of this committee, which 
was adopted. In summary, Mr. Light 
said: 

The farm organization which I 
represent on this council has had a 
standing committee on Conservation 
since 1917. Much of the development 
in Pennsylvania forest conditions 
since then is directly traceable to the 
initiative of this organization. 

Aside from economic and financial 
phases of the conservation problem, 
there are equally important reasons 
for advancing the reforestation of 
idle lands. The ruthless destruction 
of native forests has lowered water 
levels and made it well nigh impos- 
sible to get water in certain sections. 
Erosion of soil, the greatest foe to 
successful farming, has carried much 
of our fertility into the ocean and 
impoverished the land. 

The matter of stream pollution is 
of vital importance to the farming 
interests of the state. Pure water is 
absolutely necessary to maintain life 
among men and animals. Contami- 
nated water is destructive to animal 
and plant life and the time has come 
when wholesale pollution of our 
streams by mills, mines and factories 
must stop. The continued nuisance 
of pollution not only contaminates 
water, but is a serious damage to land 
as well as crops. 

In the matter of beautification of 
Pennsylvania, we are just beginning 
to appreciate the supreme efforts of 
Nature as displayed in our water- 
falls, mountain streams, gorges and 
remnants of primeval forests. These 
unusual scenes are secluded in our 
forest retreats and deserve the con- 
sideration of our sportsmen. Build- 
ing up our forest reserves and water 
facilities will not only enhance the 
value of these natural resources, but 
will provide favorable conditions for 
the propagation of plant and animal 
life. 

Generally the farmer is a good 
sportsman and likes to hunt and fish. 
It is only because of the unreasonable- 
ness of the poor sport that his ani- 
mosity is aroused. Many farmers rec- 
ognize the fact that an oversupply of 
certain small game is not desirable, 
and both from an economic consider- 
ation and his sportsmanship, he en- 
courages hunting and fishing. 

The larger game, deer and the like, 
have given our farmers much concern 
of late and we look to the Conserva- 



tionist and the sportsman to assist in 
removing the unnecessary damage 
where it may exist. It is not so much 
legislation as regulation that is 
needed. 



PLANT VEGETABLES NOW 

FOR FALL AND WINTER 

Vegetables planted during the sum- 
mer and early fall insure a supply for 
consumption during early winter and 
a quantity for storage during the win- 
ter months. 

A number of root crops, such as 
rutabagas, turnips, beets, carrots, and 
radishes, may be planted. The Pur- 
ple Top Yellow Globe rutabaga is 
somewhat similar to the Purple Top 
Globe turnip, but is claimed to keep 
longer in storage than the fall turnip 
and its quality is excellent after sev- 
eral months of storage. The Detroit 
dark red beet is commonly planted 
for winter use. Chantenay carrot is 
a good variety to sow in the summer, 
but the coreless or scarlet nantes type 
will keep just as well and has a bet- 
ter texture for salads or eating raw. 
The latter type does not grow quite 
so large as the Chantenay. A good 
winter radish is the Chinese white 
variety. 

Numerous salad crops may be 
planted for consumption in the fall 
or storage. Celery tops the list. Ford- 
hook-Emperor celery has about the 
best flavor and texture of any variety 
and keeps fairly well. Chinese or 
celery cabbage is planted in July and 
thinned to about eight inches in the 
row. It is used as a salad or may be 
cooked. Kohl rabi may be sown until 
the latter part of summer. A quantity 
may be stored. Endive, dwarf curled 
Scotch kale, Bloomsdale or Virginia 
Savoy spinach, and lettuce should be 
planted to make the list complete. 
Kale and endive may be stored for 
several weeks. 

Among the other crops that may be 
planted in midsummer are sweet corn 
and dwarf snap beans. 

Before cold weather sets in the 
coldframe should be planted to a num- 
ber of small growing crops, such as 
spinach, lettuce, kale, and radishes. 
In some communities these crops may 
be kept growing in the coldframe all 
winter. 



WISE BOY 

Mother: "I'm afraid Robert is 
burning the candle at both ends." 

Father: "Huh! That boy has cut 
the candle in half and lit up all four 
ends." — Drexerd. 



Why did nature waste that hide on 
an alligator? Most of the time he 
stays down where mosquitoes can't get 
him. 



TIGHTBINDING 



Page 16 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



August, 1931 





pensation i 




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benefits according to the Act. 

We protect the employer 24 hours in the day, regardless 
of when or where an accident might occur. 

We have always paid a dividend. 

This company was organized by the sawmill men, thresh- 
ermen and farmers and is controlled by these interests. 

WRITE for detailed information, as to costs, benefits, 
etc. 



/ am interested in having Casualty Insurance for my help and 
protection for myself, 24 hours in the day. I estimate my payroll 

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One accident is likely to cost you more than 
insurance protection for a lifetime, A protection 
that will stand between you and a Court and Jury 
in case of an accident is an asset to every man 
employing labor of any description. 

Safety First Is a Good Motto 



FINANCIAL STATEMENT 

DECEMBER 31, 1930 



ASSETS 

Cash $18,287.44 

Premiums in Course of Collection 26,921.51 

Premium Notes Beceivable 8,170.59 

Investments 862,645.42 

Accrued Interest 4,744.77 

He-Insurance Recovered (Invest- 

ed) 2,881.42 



LIABILITIES 

Amounts Payable |88.84 

Premiums Paid in Advance .... 5,392.27 
Reserve for Unpaid Losses ....116,887.51 
Reserve for Unearned Premiums 85,966.46 

Reserve for Dividends 15,000.00 

Reserve for Unpaid Commissions 3,000.00 
Surplus 192,266.57 



$418,601.15 



$418,601.15 



A dividend of 20% is being paid to all 1930 policyholders. 



Automobile and Truck Insurance 



"SAVE MONEY BY GIVING US YOUR INSURANCE." This Company allows a discount of 25% from the Manual 
rates on all automobiles and trucks to start with. We write a Standard Policy. Fill in the at- 
tached blank and we will give you full information. 



Name 

Address... 
Business. 



{Street and Number) 



KCity) 



(State) 



Insurance Begins „ 19. 

Name of Car and Model Series 

Type of Body 

Serial Number. 

Name of Truck 



Expires jp 

Year Model. 

Number of Cylinders 

Motor Number _ 

Capacity or Weight 



Serial Number _ Motor Number 



LIST PRICE 



ACTUAL COST 



PURCHASED BY ASSURED— NEW OR 
SECOND HAND 



MONTH 



YEAR 




PENNSYLVANIA THRESHERMEN & FARMERS' MUTUAL CASUALTY INSURANCE CO. 

311 Mechanics Trust Building Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 

THE PENNSYLVANIA THRESHERMEN ft FARMERS' MUTUAL CASUALTY INSURANCE COMPANY ENDORSED BY THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE PENNSYLVANIA 
STATE GRANGE AS THE OFFICIAL GRANGE COMPANY TO WRITE COMPENSATION AND AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE FOR THE GRANGE MEMBERSHIP OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



LIBRARY 

«» F C V » V t O 




Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office at Harrisburg, Pa., under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 



VOL. XXVIII 



HARRISBURG, PA., SEPTEMBER, 1931 



No. 6 



Health of Automobilists 
Discussed. Highways 
Viewed As An Asset 

By Dr. Lloyd Ahnold 
Bacteriologist, Department of Public Health, State of Illinois 



NOW is the time when people get 
the latest road maps and plan 
their week-end and vacation 
trips. 

The highways have always played 
an important part in the health and 
habits of man. The lepers and other 
unclean diseased persons were ex- 
cluded from the highways in ancient 
times. Early attempts were made to 
make the highways safe and healthy 
for human travel. Chaucer's "Can- 
terbury Tales" are records of the hap- 
penings and conversations of people 
traveling the highways to St. Thom- 
as' shrine in Canterburv, England, in 
1386. 

Chaucer chose the highway as the 
place to picture English life of the 
fourteenth century. A modern writer 
would hardly portray American life 
by choosing his characters from those 
walking along the highways. He 
might find good material at a road 
crossing, filling station or barbecue 
stand. A tourist camping site might 
be a local setting for a twentieth cen- 
tury ''Canterbury Tales." 

The world in which one lives is now 
a large one. We can travel 300 miles 
in most any direction within a day. 
We are as familiar and conversant 
with a geographical area several hun- 
dred miles square as our grandparents 
were with a 30-mile area. I can well 
remember as a boy in the southern 
part of this State, looking with con- 
siderable respect upon older people 
who had traveled bevond the bound- 
aries of the State of Illinois. 

The development of automotive 
power has changed our life in many 
ways. The social and family environ- 
nient has been altered. We compare 
ourselves with more people. We are 
broader minded in that we can see 
y^ore and, therefore, judge values 
jrom a better perspective. There is 
'ess difference in social custom, dress 
and living standards in adjacent com- 
munities. The residents of Horse 
^reek and of Turkey Run no longer 
J*egard each other with suspicion. In 
other words, we have a more homo- 
geneous population. 

1 he general standards are rapidlv 
becoming the same. This is very im"^- 

r Ai. ^""^^ ^ ^e^lt^^ standpoint, 
ixed habits, such as an unbalanced 
let in a certain community, can in- 
case the incidence of disease and 
au8e an increase in the number of 



deaths that cannot be altered or de- 
creased until a healthful and bal- 
anced diet is eaten by the population. 

Poor diets cause tuberculosis to be 
active. Good diets cause tuberculosis 
to heal and to be harmless. State, 
county or municipal sanitoria for tu- 
berculosis will not prevent this disease 
so long as the people don't eat proper 
food. 

Another important health influence 
of hard roads and automobiles is the 
fresh air and sunshine that so many 
people now enjoy. We used to go to 
town in the buggy or wagon when it 
was necessary. The city dweller did 
not travel far seeking pleasure. Now 
the automobile is used to get fresh air 
and sunshine. W^e stay indoors dur- 
ing rainy or stormy weather. This is 
as it should be from the standpoint of 
health. The evening after-dinner 
ride is a period of relaxation, combin- 
ing an opportunity of restful diges- 
tion and family visiting. This is more 
healthful than washing the dishes and 
tending the furnace. 

One question that naturally arises 
is : Are contagious diseases spread 
more now by automobile travel than 
they were before the use of such rapid 
and easy transportation to increase 
the probability of human contact? 

The answer is that the health level 
of the population riding our highways 
is much better than ever before. Even 
an unhealthy person in an automobile 
does not have opportunity for con- 
tact with the healthy travelers in 
other automotive vehicles. There is 
little dust in the air. There is plenty 
of fresh air and lots of sunshine. 
This keeps the healthy traveler well 
and aids the sickly person to regain 
health. 

The stimulating effect of the air 
forced against the body during auto- 
mobile travel is a good tonic. Germs 
are carried from the sick to the well 
person upon shoe leather, not by the 
air or wind. It is intimate contact, 
such as coughing, sneezing and hands, 
that transfer contagious materials. 
Happy and contented people are 
healthy folk. 

The highways of modern times are 
increasing the health level of the pop- 
ulation. Only a relatively wealthy 
people can build such highways. It 
exhausted the resources of the mili- 
tary dictators of ancient and medieval 
times to construct one hard road. We 



have a network of such highways. 
People with enough produced wealth 
to construct and maintain such a 
State and National highway system, 
eat a good diet, wear the proper 
clothes, educate their children and 
have sufficient free time for whole- 
some relaxation, must be a healthy 
people. All of these various things go 
together from a State Health Depart- 
ment's viewpoint. 

The banker cannot evaluate the 
soundness of an industrial enterprise 
by any one factor. He must familiar- 
ize himself with the picture as a 
whole, from the raw material step by 
step to the finished and marketed 
product. So it is with the health of 
the public. The influence of hard 
roads and automobiles upon health is 
an example of the intricate and in- 
volved problems that must be consid- 
ered in public health. One should 
bear in mind that the quarantine sign 
that may, by misfortune, be on the 
door next fall or winter, is one of the 
minor duties of the health depart- 
ment. Studying and investigating 
the underlying problems of health 
form a part of its duties. 

The influence of diet and climate 
upon health; the prevention of food 
poisoning and diarrhea during the hot 
weather months by proper changes in 
diet and habits; the early diagnosis 
of many contagious diseases so as to 
prevent their spreading; improved 
methods of safeguarding milk supply 
are some of the many problems under 
investigation in the State Department 
of Public Health. 



UTILIZE THE COLDFRAME 

FOR LATE GARDEN CROPS 

Farmers may greatly extend the 
season for green vegetables from their 
gardens by fall use of their coldframe. 
Numerous vegetables may be grown 
to maturity in the coldframe long aft- 
er frost has appeared. Among these 
crops are spinach, endive, lettuce, 
parsley, kohl rabi, and radishes. 

The time to plant late crops in the 
coldframe depends upon the growing 
season of the particular crop. New 
Zealand spinach, kale, and parsley 
plants may be taken from the garden 
with good portion of soil about the 
roots and transplanted directly into 
the coldframe. This should be done 
before the plants are injured by frost. 
The first part of September is a good 
time to sow seed of practically all of 
the other vegetables to be grown in 
the coldframe. 

Complete directions for making a 
coldframe are found in Circular 120 
of the Pennsylvania State College, 
Division of Agricultural Extension. 



The American home must be pre- 
served at all costs. Yes, even if we 
have to hire some one to stay in it. 




L. J. Taber 

Worthy National Master 



Grange Campaign 
for Life Insurance 

After a thorough study of the re- 
sults of last year's campaign and in 
consideration of the wonderful cooper- 
ative spirit shown among the subordi- 
nate Granges 
in the East, 
L. J. Taber, 
our Worthy 
N ational 
Master and 
head of the 
C a mpaign 
Committee, 
advocates an 
expansion of 
last year's 
plans for the 
coming cam- 
paign. 

It will be, 
he thinks, a 
most thrill- 
ing race for leadership, for the many 
Granges that participated last year re- 
ceived so much benefit from the work 
of their members that they all will be 
eager again to take part in the great 
demonstration this year. 

It is well to say here that the Com- 
mittee in charge is planning great 
things for all our farm folk in a way 
that will offer the best reward to the 
Granges that show the best coopera- 
tive effort. 

The leaders who are to be the as- 
sistants to our Worthy National Mas- 
ter at the helm of this campaign are 
David H. Agans, Master of New Jer- 
sey State Grange; Fred J. Freestone, 
Master of New York State Grange; 
E. B. Dorsett, Master of Pennsyl- 
vania State Grange, and W. F. Kirk, 
Master of Ohio State Grange. They 
all believe that as such a fine spirit of 
competition was shown last year, this 
year's campaign is sure to pass it in 
scope, in cooperation, and in results. 

It will be remembered that last 
year's campaign attracted intense in- 
terest in the subordinate Granges of 
New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio and 
Ne\y Jersey. These will be expected 
again to vie for honors in this year's 
demonstration of Grangers' coopera- 
tive spirit. 

Get ready and watch for announce- 
ments which will give complete de- 
tails of this year's Grange Campaign 
in the September grange papers. 



A MESSAGE TO HIGH 

SCHOOL GRADUATES 

From the President of the College 
Pennsylvania may well be proud of 
the fact that its School of Agriculture 
at The Pennsylvania State College is 
the third largest in the United States 
in point of student enrollment; that 



Page 2 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



September, 193i 



a state recognized as a leading indus- 
trial section has seen the wisdom of 
providing for proper agricultural de- 
velopment and for the training of the 
youth of the land to become the fu- 
ture leaders of its great industry — 
agriculture. 

It is seldom that one finds so great 
a diversity of farming conditions as in 
Pennsylvania from tidewater to the 
tops of the Alleghenies, from river 
bottom to mountain plateau; a great 
variety of soils and climate is to be 
found, and there is a resulting variety 
of crops. Markets are the best in the 
country and are reached with ease. It 
is eminently proper, therefore, that 
the Keystone state should be able to 
offer the best training facilities pos- 
sible to its boys and girls who will 
find their greatest happiness in agri- 
cultural pursuits; that Pennsylvania 
should maintain research work for 
the betterment of farming conditions, 
and through its agricultural extension 
service make this information avail- 
able to the thousands of farmers 
through county agents and the travel- 
ing specialists just for the asking. 

All this — and more — we have at 
Pennsylvania's only College of Agri- 
culture. Applied science in agricul- 
ture is an open door to opportunity. 
Enter it through a 4-year course at 
your own State College. 

Ralph D. Hetzel. 



VALUE OF HIGH 

SCHOOL TRAINING 



California Educator Discusses 
Benefits 



By Nicholas Ricciardi, 

Chief, Division of City Secondary 

Schools, Department of Education, 

State of California 

Secondary-school parent-teacher as- 
sociations can be of genuine and posi- 
tive help if their service is based upon 
an understanding of the aims of sec- 
ondary education. 

Parents should clearly realize, for 
instance, that young people may be 
classified as belonging to one of three 
groups: (1) To the working group, 
(2) to the student group, (3) to the 
loafing group. 

As a matter of common interest 
and common sense, we want these 
young people to grow in what is fre- 
quently called the right way. We 
know, of course, that young people 
cannot grow in tlie right way as loaf- 
ers. They can, of course, grow in the 
right way as students and as workers. 
A very pertinent and important 
question, then, is this: When should 
young people go to work on a full- 
time basis? The school law of Cali- 
fornia answers that question by re- 
quiring boys and girls to be in school 
full time until they are 16 years of 
age or until they are high-school grad- 
uates. 

To prevent loafing, California re- 
quires that young people between the 
ages of 16 and 18 who are not high- 
school graduates shall attend school 
four hours a week if regularly em- 
ployed; and 15 hours a week if not 
regularly employed. 

These provisions of the California 
school law are based upon the belief 
that no boy or girl has the foundation 
to grow in the right way as a citizen 
and as a worker unless he or she is a 
high-school graduate, or has the equiv- 
alent of a high-school education. For 
that reason, boys and girls between 
the ages of 16 and 18, who have not 
this foundational education, are con- 
tinued as members of the student 
group for four hours every week or 
for 15 hours every week, depending 
upon whether or not they are regular- 
ly employed. 



Are these provisions of the Cali- 
fornia school law sensible? Is it sen- 
sible, is it sound, to hold that young 
people shall not be released from the 
student group until they are high- 
school graduates or have the equiva- 
lent of a high-school education? If 
our answer to that question is "yes," 
then the answer to the question, When 
should young people go to work full 
time? is this: When they are high- 
school graduates or have the equiva- 
lent of a high-school education. 

That this is a sound belief and that 
it is a distinct advantage to any com- 
munity to subscribe to this belief 
may be inferred from a study which 
shows that young people who go to 
work full time before they are grad- 
uated from high school or before they 
have the equivalent of a high-school 
education find themselves at the age 
of 25, earning, on an average, 44 per 
cent less than those who go to work 
full time after having acquired a 
high-school education. 

In terms of economic values, then, 
it seems that a high-school education 
pays the individual and, of course, 
pays the community. Other valuable 
outcomes of a high-school education 
are readily recognized. 

Not many today question the wis- 
dom of providing a high-school edu- 
catluii fur every boy and for every 
girl. Such education, however, should 
be designed to meet the varied needs 
of the boys and girls who now at- 
tend high schools. In other words, 
we do not hold that a high-school edu- 
cation which is designed to prepare 
young people for college is the kind 
of education which is of value to 
every boy and to every girl. The 
high-school education which is of 
value to every individual is that 
which is definitely planned to meet 
the varied needs of the different kinds 
of individuals who are now enrolled 
in our high schools; and that means 
the high-school education which fits 
individuals for efiicient community 
life, as well as for efiicient college life. 
If these aims of secondary educa- 
tion are accepted as sound, the con- 
clusion must be that all young people 
should be retained in the student 
group, either full time or part time, 
until they have completed a high- 
school education. 

And high-school parent-teacher as- 
sociations with effective leaders, in- 
formed concerning the aims of 
secondary education can aid very de- 
cidedly in carrying into effect these 
aims which are quite definitely in- 
tended to meet the needs of modern 
youth. 

This is a comparatively new atti- 
tude in secondary education growing 
out of an appreciation of the fact 
that the home and the school must 
cor)perate if the needs of young peo- 
ple are to be most effectively served. 

Young people spend but 12 per cent 
of their waking hours under school 
sui)ervision and control, and 88 per 
cent under other influences. How 
important, then, is the need for co- 
ordinating the home with the school. 
Progress has already been made in 
coordinating the school with industry. 



MENTAL HANDICAPS WHICH 

CONFRONT CHILDREN 

By Dr. Donald W. Cohen 

Children do not enter upon life on 
an equal footing. There is much vari- 
ation in intellectual capacity and 
physical vigor. Such inequalities may 
arise from many different causes. 
There may be heredity from defective 
stock. The health of the mother be- 
fore 'the child is born may be im- 
paired. Brain injuries may occur at 
birth. Severe diseases involving the 
tissues of the brain may leave perma- 
nent effects. Malnutrition in early 
childhood may retard normal develop- 
ment of the brain and nervous system. 

From these and other causes a 
child's mental faculties may be below 
normal. For example, when he reaches 
eight years of age, he may have only 
the intelligence of the average child 
of six. If he enters school with this 
handicap, he naturally falls behind in 
his studies. 

Other handicaps may be present in 
the environment may unfavorably af- 
fect his emotional life. Dissension be- 
tween parents may be harmful to the 
child. Favoritism by parents may be 
early childhood. Certain factors in 
the cause of unfortunate scars in his 
personality. Overprotection may be 
equally detrimental. At times parents 
are dominating and crush all initia- 
tive in their child. Or they may ridi- 
cule him and cause him to develop a 
sense of failure, not only at home, but 
in school and elsewhere. Again, par- 
ents may go to extremes in the op- 
posite direction and pamper the child 
so that he cannot meet and overcome 
obstacles. As a result, when the child 
enters school deprived of the protec- 
tion of his parents, he cannot adapt 
himself to the new situation. 

In education, special disabilities are 
occasionally met with. Some children 
do good work in all of their studies 
but one, possibly reading or arithme- 



tic. Some persons may never be able 
to learn to make simple calculations 
with decimals or fractions, although 
they may have excellent attainments 
in other fields. 

Schools on the whole have recog- 
nized that children with mental dis- 
abilities require special training. Spe- 
cial classes have been formed with 
trained teachers to meet the needs of 
slowly developing children. 

In dealing with disabilities in the 
emotional life of the child, it is highly 
important that parents so arrange the 
home life that it brings out the child's 
abilities to the utmost degree. Efforts 
of the child should be encouraged even 
if they are insufficient or meager. The 
child's attempts to express his own 
individuality should be respected. He 
should feel that his home is a place 
where there is the fullest degree of 
sympathy toward him. Children need 
early to develop a sense of security 
and a sense of independence if they 
are later to become virile factors in 
community life. 

A child who is developing unfavor- 
able traits or who is failing in school 
for reasons which are not apparent on 
the surface should be the subject of a 
thorough survey from the mental, 
physical and social standpoint. The 
underlying causes of the child's fail- 
ure are, as a rule, discovered in this 
way. Steps may then be taken to re- 
move unfavorable influences and to 
supply needed training so that the 
child may be started on the road to 
success and happiness. 



September, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 3 



Clean Farrowing Pens. — Clean all 
litter and dirt out of the farrowing 
pen. Then wash floor and lower walls 
carefully with scalding water to 
which lye has been added. Disinfect 
then with liquor cresolis solution. 
Your county agent can tell you how 
to prepare the washing and disinfect- 
ing solutions. 



NOT A CHANCE IN THE WORLD 

"The foibles of Uncle Sam's daugh- 
ters are costing our farmers $500,000,- 
000 a year," says Henry Stude, presi- 
dent of the American Bakers' Asso- 
ciation. He declares that women have 
not only quit wearing cotton stock- 
ings, but have abandoned wheat in 
their diet because it tends to make 
them fat. He argues that an increase 
ip the use of both would help our 
pocketbooks, health, farmers and gov- 
ernment. 



Pennsylvania State Grange 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY 

PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 

Grange Seals $5.00 

Digest 60 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, per set of 9 3.00 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, single copy 40 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 4.00 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 3.25 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy 35 

Constitution and By-Laws 10 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony 10 

Song Books, "The Patron," board covers, cloth, single copy or less than 

half dozen 60 

per dozen 6.00 

per half dozen 3.00 

Dues Account Book -75 

Secretary 's Record Book -70 

Treasurer 's Account Book -^^ 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange to Pomona, per hundred 1-^ 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 25 -85 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 100 3.25 

Roll Book .75 

Application Blanks, per hundred -^^ 

Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred -^ 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty -^^ 

Notice of Arrearage, per hundred -^J 

Notice of Suspension, per hundred •** 

Secretary 's Receipts, per hundred -^^ 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred -^^ 

Treasurer 's Receipts •** 

Trade Cards, per hundred -^^ 

Demit Cards, each -^J 

Withdrawal Cards, each -^ 

Better Degree Work, by S. H. Holland 2.00 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer Whitehead) -JJ 

Book of Patriotic Plays, Tableaux and Recitations '^, 

Humorous Recitations, Poetry and Prose '^ 

A Brief History of the Grange Movement in Pennsylvania, by W. F. Hill . • J: 
Grange Hall Plans -^ 

In ordering any of the above supplies, the cash must always accompany tw 
order. The Secretary is not authorized to open accounts. ^ -, 

Remittances should be made by Postal Money Orders, Checks, or Registereji 
Letter. Orders for supplies must bear the Seal of the Grange for which ordered- 

By order of Executive Committee, 

John H. Light, Secretary, 
Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa* 



Reducing Governmental Costs 

problem Discussed by Illinois Governor 

By Louis L. Emmerson, Governor, State of Illinois 



1 



LLINOIS is only one of many states 
now seeking a solution to the per- 
plexing problem of excessive debts 



to 



qnd burdensome taxation 
' Xhe public has been urged 
support endeavors toward a proper 
solution to the perplexing problem 
that confronts the special Illinois 
committee of the state's outstanding 
leaders, created recently to offer some 
constructive plan for revision of the 
state's revenue legislation. 

Taxes in the United States have 
reached a point where they demand 
the closest consideration. It is star- 
tling to know that 11.9 cents of every 
$1 earned in the Nation goes to meet 
the cost of government or of public 

works. 

This figure includes all manner of 
taxes, direct or indirect, paid by the 
people. It includes Federal taxes, 
such as the income tax, tobacco tax 
and customs duties. It includes the 
taxes for state, county, city, town- 
ship, school and other purposes, and 
yearly reaches the enormous sum of 

iio,obo,()oo,ooo. 

Figures compiled by the Federal 
Ooverninent for the year 1928 show 
that 34.4 per cent of the national tax 
jroes to the Government, 15.8 per cent 
to the various states, and 49.8 iKjr 
<'ent to the lesser branches of gov- 
ernment, including county, city, 
school, park and other political sub- 
divisions. Much of this tax is at- 
tributable to the demand for im- 
provements which have been financed 
by borrowing. The debt on which 
local jurisdictions must pay interest 
has mounted to over $7,000,000,000. 
The various cities of the nation owe 
over $4,000,000,000; counties, $1,000,- 
000,000; school districts, $839,000,- 
000; and states, $836,000,000. 

As the income and earning power 
of the Nation has declined, these gov- 
ernmental debt^ and expenses have 
become a national problem. Illinois 
is only one of the many states which 
is seeking a solution. 

The condition in Illinois is not a 
creature of the last two years. It is 
the product of increased expenditures 
dating back over many years and of 
an antiquated revenue machinery 



First Pennsylvania 
Capitol Sale 

75 Registered Holstein 
—Cattle— 

WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 16, 1931 

Btartins at 10 A. M.. in the new FARM 
PRODUCTS BUILDING at HARRIS- 
BURG, PENNSYLVANIA 

All from herds under State and 
federal Supervision — many Accred- 
'^*^d — 60-day retest privilege. Many 
are Negative to the blood test. 

These animals have been selected 
with great care from the leading 
nerds in Pennsylvania for type, pro- 
auction, and breeding. 

Offering will include many noted 
Show animals — several well-bred 
t'ulls ready for service ; and many 
iresh cows and close springers. 

This is the opportunity you have 
oeen waiting for, and now is the 
"me to buy, and think of It! ani- 
mals at your own price from Penn- 
sylvania's Best herds. 

tn^w^®.^°'" catalog now, and plan 
w attend. 

R. AUSTIN BACKUS, Salesmanager 
Mexico, New York 



having its foundation? in the natal 
days of the state when all wealth was 
represented in farms, homes and 
buildings and their furnishings. I 
have, while Governor, made several 
efforts to find a reasonable way out 
of the situation which confronts us. 
A special committee, consisting of 
representatives of the varied interests 
of the State, is now at work attempt- 
ing to formulate a program which 
will be acceptable to the people of 
the state. 

We arc far from solving all the 
problems of government because we 
have been too willing to let someone 
else carry the responsibility which is 
ours. 

Those who are engaged in business, 
know that no head of a large business 
can carry on alone. A share of the 
responsibility must be passed along 
to men specially trained for the work. 
Business men now have in their shops 
and their factories other men in 
training to assume executive posi- 
tions when they shall have qualified. 

But in government we have not ap- 
plied the same principles which are 
vital to successful business operation. 
Government is the biggest business 
in the nation to-day influencing the 
entire national welfare. But instead 
of naming men fitted for the work 
they must do, we have elected men 
because they belong to the same party, 
the same church, or the same club. 
Under such conditions it is no won- 
der that here and there one will find 
failures, or that here and there some 
public official will be untrue to his 
trust. It is a tribute to the men and 
women of America that under such 
conditions, government has attracted 
so many high-class public servants. 

We have witnessed in the past few 
days one of the greatest expressions 
of good will the age has known in 
President Hoover's suggestion that 
Germany be relieved temporarily of 
making reparation payments. With 
the fate of one of the great nations 
of the world at stake, political likes 
and dislikes must be shoved into the 
background. 

Most of Europe is laboring in a 
difficult situation. Spain has just 
passed through the throes of a revolu- 
tion accompanied by disorders against 
property used for religious purposes. 
Differences between state and church 
have created an uneasy situation in 
Italy. 

Germany and England are suffer- 
ing acute financial pains, while 
France is disturbed by the conse- 
quences feared from the Germany- 
Austrian trade alliance; and always 
in the background is the threat of 
red Kussia. 

With Germany at the breaking 
point, the American offer for a debt 
moratorium brings new hope to the 
overtaxed, overburdened people of 
Europe, and signalizes a new con- 
ception of international friendship. 
It is impossible to say what will be 
the effect of that offer, and it is just 
as impossible to overestimate the 
world importance of the President's 
suggestion. Many of our leading 
economists believe that it is the in- 
.>^piration that will lead to national 
and international economic recovery 
from the ills which have beset us dur- 
ing the past two years. 



SENATOR PRINCE COMMENTS 

ON GOVERNOR'S VETO 

On June 3d Penn Grange had the 
honor of conferring the first and sec- 
ond degrees on Dr. Leon C. Prince, 
Professor of History in Dickinson 
College and State Senator from the 
Nineteenth Judicial District, com- 
prising Cumberland, Perry, Juniata, 
and Mifflin Counties. The Middle 
Spring degree team gave a splendid 
exhibition of the ritualistic work and 
was presided over by State Overseer 
George W. Shuler of Fleetwood. Dr. 
Prince was very much impressed with 
the symbolism and in a stirring ad- 
dress made it known that it was he 
rather than us who was honored in 
becoming a Patron of Husbandry. 

On July 1st Middle Spring planned 
to bring its candidates to the Penn 
Hall for the third and fourth degrees. 
A violent storm interrupted the plans 
however and Penn decided to postpone 
initiation until July 3d and then meet 
with Middle Spring. 

At this meeting Mrs. Prince graced 
our meeting with her presence to- 
gether with six candidates from Penn 
and eight from Middle Spring. The 
work here was equally impressive. 
Brother Brady Smith presided in the 
absence of Worthy Master Fitzgerald 
who arrived from State College too 
late to take charge. 

Senator Prince is probably the best 
student of government in our upper 
legislative body. He has served ef- 
fectually on the agricultural commit- 
tee in the Senate and it was with real 
pleasure that he consented to become 
a member of the Grange because it 
gave him opportunity to study first 
hand the problems of the farmer from 
personal and social contact. 

Dr. Prince is the author of the bill 
vetoed by Governor Pinchot, the pur- 
pose of which was to increase the pen- 
alty for chicken stealing. This bill 
was sponsored by a special committee 
of women from Pomona No. 2 (Cum- 
berland County), who have been very 
active in running down thefts and se- 
curing convictions of chicken thieves 
in Cumberland County. This com- 
mittee was formed after the discov- 
ery of a gang of racketeers operating 
out of a Philadelphia commission 
house. When it appeared that im- 
munity had been secured for the gang 
these women made it so uncomfortable 
for the authorities that seven convic- 
tions were secured against the minor 
violators while the master minds were 
able to hide under cover. The deter- 
mination of these women was inter- 
preted into law by Dr. Prince who 
comments on the Governor's veto as 
follows : 



(( 



THERE AIN'T NO SUCH THING" 

"Do you like saxophone music?" 
"I've never heard any." 



"I doubt if any measure introduced 
in the General Assembly during the 
session of 1931 met with heartier ap- 
proval of the farmers than Senate 
Bill No. 1052 known as the Prince 
chicken-thief bill, which provided a 
maximum sentence of five years im- 
prisonment by solitary confinement or 
$1,000 fine, or both, at the discretion 
of the court, for the offense of steal- 
ing chickens, being accessory before 
the fact, or receiver or purchaser 
knowing them to have been stolen. I 
daily received letters and telegrams 
from Granges all over the state urg- 
ing me to press the bill for passage. 

"My own efforts in the Senate with 
the effective cooperation of the Rep- 
resentatives from the four counties of 
the district, Messrs Wade, Snyder, 
Shellenberger and Sheffer, put the bill 
through both Houses. To the sur- 
prise and disappointment of the spon- 
sors and beneficiaries of the measure, 
it was vetoed by the Governor with 
the advice of the attorney general on 
the ground that since a house burglar 
may steal a $5,000 necklace from a 



movie star for a fine of $500 or three 
years in jail, it ought not to be more 
expensive or more hazardous for a 
chicken thief to rob the farmer's hen 
roost. 

"This logic strikes me as defective. 
First, I deny the implication that 
jewelry is intrinsically superior to 
poultry, and its corollary that steal- 
ing a necklace is a worse offense than 
stealing a chicken. Circumstances 
alter cases. Helping yourself to a 
sack of flour or a bag of coal to save 
your family from starving or freezing 
when you are out of work, is excusable 
compared with filching a diamond 
ring to flash on your finger. It was 
not the occasional individual night 
prowler whom my bill was primarily 
designed to catch. Chicken stealing 
of the kind I had in view is a state- 
wide highly organized racket, financed 
and operated from populous centers, 
principally Philadelphia. Its victims 
are farmers, the only class of pro- 
ducers in the world who are abso- 
lutely indispensable to the rest of us, 
and who are at the same time the 
least protected and the least insured 
against the forces of nature and the 
vicissitudes of fortune. It is the 
common practice hereabouts for the 
farmer to turn over to his wife the 
profits of the poultry yard. In many 
instances this constitutes the only 
spending money she has. Along 
comes a racketeer from Philadelphia, 
guided and reinforced by 'local tal- 
ent,' and in the dark of night cleans 
out a year's investment of care and 
toil. 

"My second objection to the Gov- 
ernor's veto-argument is that the pro- 
posed penalty does not necessarily 
condemn the chicken thief to pay a 
higher license fee for his vocational 
pursuit than the burglar has to pay 
for his. The court in its discretion 
may exact no more from the one than 
from the other. The bill merely au- 
thorized a heavier sentence if justified 
by the nature of the crime. My own 
feeling is that no punishment is too 
severe for this particular form of 
organized and systematic plundering. 
"The ideal and most effective dose 
for a chicken thief of any sort is a 
load of buckshot. The practical dif- 
ficulty is to bring the subject and 
the remedy together at the right mo- 
ment. If a shotgun would work like 
a spring-trap and not go off until the 
thief arrives and gets in range, it 
would be dead easy. But it is an all- 
night job with a hundred-to-one 
chance that it's the wrong night. 

"The Governor championed the 
general public against extortionate 
rates for gas, water and electric cur- 
rent. In this I supported him be- 
cause he was right. I sought to pro- 
tect the farmers against a menace 
far more serious to them than the 
Spring Brook Water Company or 
'Mr. Atterbury's railroad.' I regret 
that the Governor and the Attorney 
General failed to see the farmers' 
I)roblem at closer range and from a 
more sympathetic point of view. 

"Leon C. Prince." 



SSOO PAID for 
one OLD BOOK 



That's just one of htindreds of gener- 
ous offers we make for certain old 
books. You nuiy have many of them 
stored in your attic, book*case or base- 
ment. Get CASH for these old books. 

Smnd 4c for pamphlmt, 
"How To Mahm Monmy 
On OldBooha. " Hating 
64 hfxtlf* tvm'li hay, 
and pricma w» pay, 

RARE BOOK DEPARTMENT— Box PG. 

LONG*S BOOK STORE, 
Bst. t9«a COLUMBUS, OHIO 



WRITES 



TIGHT BINDING 




Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



September, I931 



NEWSPAPERS' PART IN WORK 
OF LAW ENFORCEMENT 
By James M. Gilbert 

The press is frequently criticized by 
persons for publishing reports of 
crime. It is said by those making 
such criticisms that these reports fur- 
nish persons criminally inclined in- 
formation as to the methods employed 
by criminals, and thus encourage law 
violations. 

Those making charges against the 
press overlook the fact that these re- 
ports are educational in nature, and 
that they inform those who are inter- 
ested in law enforcement of the ex- 
tent of crime in the country and stir 
officers to greater diligence. The press 
is one of the greatest powers for good 
when used in this way. It is one of 
the greatest means of educating the 
public and without it earnest, cour- 
ageous, honest officials could not break 
up criminal organizations. 

Law cannot be enforced without 
wholesome public sentiment behind 
the officers, and the press is the best 
means of generating this sentiment. 
Many good citizens, as well as officers, 
are lacking in moral courage and will 
yield to criminal influences about 
them, but when stirred to action by 
the press; when they realize their in- 
activity will be exposed, prove helpful 
in driving out the criminal. The men 
and women who compose the jury 
must, in a large degree, depend upon 
the newspapers for information about 
crime, its extent and the danger from 
it to public welfare. 

Those who criticize the press for 
publishing reports of crime would be 
promptly convinced of their error in 
so doing if they would take sufficient 
time to interview a few of the most 
noted criminal lawyers, who know the 
power held by the press. Crime and 
the criminals hide from truth and 
prefer darkness for their actions rath- 
er than light. A hideous murder or 
robbery takes place and within a few 
hours the facts are flashed over the 
wires to all parts of the country and 
sheriffs and police officers by the hun- 
dreds are looking for the criminal. 
Often within a few days those who 
violate the law, as the result of infor- 
mation obtained through the press, are 
placed safely in the care of the jailer. 

Those who criticize the newspapers 
do it more because of not having a 
full understanding of the great good 
that is performed by the press, rather 
than from any other reason. Too 
much credit can hardly be given to 
the press for its service to the public 
in this respect. 



SECONDARY SCHOOL GRAD- 
UATES FROM EVERY 
KEYSTONE COUNTY 

SUCCESSFUL APPLICANTS 



Quota of Fifty Forestry Freshmen 

Will Be Reached This Week, 

Reg:istrar Reports 

Every Pennsylvania county is rep- 
resented in admissions offered to date 
for the incoming class of freshmen at 
the Pennsylvania State College, W. S. 
Hoffman, college registrar, announced 
today. 

Out of 1,500 who have applied, 707 
graduates of Pennsylvania secondary 
schools, scattered through all sixty- 
seven Keystone counties, have been 
told they may enter Penn State this 
fall. Every one of them ranked in the 
first two-fifths of their high school 
classes. Applications are still coming 
in and will receive consideration until 
the class quota of 1,250 is filled. 

Applications at this date are about 
100 less than this time last year, but 
in advance of the two preceding years, 
Hoffman reports. In the Penn State 



system of admission, made necessary 
for the past twelve years because of 
limited classroom facilities, new 
classes are selected automatically on 
the high school record of the appli- 
cant. 

More applications will be refused 
admission than can be accepted for 
the Mont Alto branch of the Pennsyl- 
vania State Forest School this year. 
The quota of fifty forestry freshmen 
will be reached this week, every one 
admitted ranking in the upper two- 
fifths of his high school class. 

More than 100 applications were re- 
ceived for the four-year forestry 
course and more than 50 for the two- 
year Granger course at Mont Alto. 
Fifty four-year and twenty-five two- 
year students can be admitted. The 
college received more than 1,500 in- 
quiries for the forestry courses alone. 



WAGE COSTS CONTINUE 

TO SHOW STEADY GAIN 



Building Industry Practically at 
Standstill, Gage P. Wright De- 
clares in Survey 

If any argument were needed to 
prove that wage rates in many indus- 
tries must undergo a general reduc- 
tion before prosperity can be brought 
back to American business, it is pre- 
sented, in the opinion of Gage P. 
Wright, New York business counsellor 
and president of The Business Eco- 
nomic Digest, in the current records 
of the building industry. 

The trend of material costs is down- 
ward and has been moving in this di- 
rection for several months, but wage 
costs continue to increase, according 
to the figures compiled by the Federal 
Reserve Bank of New York, and are 
now at the highest level ever attained. 

"The building industry," said Mr, 
Wright, "probably exercises a greater 
influence upon general prosperity than 
does any other single industry. Build- 
ing construction entails vast supplies 
of a variety of commodities which, in 
their manufacture, provide employ- 
ment for hundreds of thousands of 
men and women, exclusive of the oth- 
er armies of workmen engaged in ac- 
tual construction work. Its influence 
reaches into every section of the coun- 
try and variations in building activity 
are instantly and acutely felt. 



RURAL RHYMES 
By R. L. Thompson 

HOW DO YOU FISH? 

A bittern goes a fishing — 

Just sits upon a log; 
No worry about weather — 

Be it sun or rain or fog. 

There, somewhat like a fungus. 
His form well-nigh unseen, 

He reaches for his minnow, 
Nor disturbs the silver-sheen. 

King-fisher, on a willow. 

Far above the lake. 
With eagle eye is watching 

For the breakfast he may take. 

And when his prize to surface 
Fins in wandering survey, 

He dives and boils the water 
For twenty rods away. 

Some people are like bitterns. 

They reach for what they want, 

And some like bold king-fishers 
Just slam and bang and rant. 



SO SAY WE ALL 

"What is your favorite interest in 
life?" 

"The kind my money brings in." 



MORE OR LESS TRUE 

A lucky groom is the one whose 
bride makes it the helping hand when 
she gives him hers in marriage. 

The reason it is hard to believe a 
wife dresses to please her husband is 
because it always is a table dolled up 
with a square meal that get real praise 
from him. 

The worst won't have happened to 
the stylish stouts until the old-fash- 
ioned high shoes come back and they 
have to do their stooping over to lace 
'em up. 

We may be old fashioned, it is hard 
for us to believe that smoking a cer- 
tain brand of cigarettes will keep a 
girl as kissable as keeping her temper 
sweet would. 

Another safe bet is that no frail is 
going to take a chance on breaking 
her neck when climbing into the rum- 
ble seat in a long skirt just to prevent 
giving the onlookers an eyeful of silk- 
clad legs. 

A woman's handkerchief held the 
record for being the least efficient ar- 
ticle for the purpose intended until 
the modern fashions in undies came 
along. 

A two-faced woman never seems to 
lose any sleep over her extra map, but 
our bet is that a dame with a double 
chin has more wakeful nights spent 
in worry than a man who is living a 
double life. — From the Cincinnati En- 
quirer. 



When writing to advertisers men- 
tion Grange News. 



MEMORIAL PROGRAM 

BY SALEM GRaKQJ 

Salem Grange, Columbia Co., 
Wednesday evening gave a progra! 
commemorating the deceased meu 
bers of the order. Rev. I. E. D. Stov 
gave the address of the evening, tal 
ing as his subject "The Pathway of 
Memories." 

The attendance at the meeting wa< 
large and all members participated in 
the affair by bringing flowers for the 
decorating of the altar erected in hoQ. 
or of the deceased. 

The program given was as follows 

Song, "Abide With Me," Grange. 

Scripture reading. Chaplain W. \ 
Kisner. 

Prayer, Rev. I. E. D. Stover. 

Reading, "Crossing the Bar," Ralph 
Hesler. 

Song, "Rainbow at Sunset," 
Grange. 

Address, Rev. I. E. D. Stover. 

Decoration of altar with flowers bv 
court ladies, Mrs. Elsie Kisner, Mrs, 
Royal Varner and Mrs. Edith Har- 
mon. 

Duet, "The Vacant Chair," Mrs. 
Ralph Keck and Wallace Sitler. 

Deceased members whose memories 
were commemorated were Minnie 
Hosier, John R. Keck and Freas Hill 

Benediction was pronounced by the 
chaplain, W. W. Kisner. 



Put Corn l\ Silo. — The most feed- 
ing value will be obtained this year 
by putting the corn crop in the silo, 



PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY 

DO YOU WANT PAINT ? 



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fROM FACXORY 



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OF THE MIDDLEMEN 



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LOWeST POSSIBU I 



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Officially Endorsed by the National Grange in 1874 
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September, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 



October, the Grange Life 

Insurance Month 



DURING October, 1930, the under- 
signed Campaign Committee 
promoted a Campaign and con- 
test in New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio 
and New Jersey, the object of which 
^a3 to arouse more interest among 
the members in every Grange in our 
Grange Life Insurance and so extend 
a service the expansion of which, in 
our opinion, will mean much to the 
advancement of our Order and to the 
future welfare of our Grange fam- 
ilies. - 
It was a pronounced success m 

every Grange where the Grange Offi- 
cers cooperated with the Campaign 
Committee and, as a result this in- 
valuable Grange Service is established 
in these Communities. 

The Campaign Committee believes 
that if the acceptance of our Life In- 
surance will result in great benefits to 
some of our Grange families that all 
of our Grange members should know 
about it and have the opportunity of 
procuring the service; and it is with 
this purpose in mind that we are 
again having the same Campaign dur- 
ing October of this year with the 
same definite plan of seeing that at 
least one memher of each Subordinate 
Grange procures a Grange Life In- 
surance Policy during Grange Life 
Insurance Month. 

This year we expect the hearty co- 
operation of the Grange Officers of 
all the Subordinate Granges in New 
York, Pennsylania, Ohio and New 
Jersey so that every Grange in these 
States will be represented with at 
least one member procuring a policy 
during Campaign Month. 

As a reward of merit to the Subor- 
dinate Granges which enter into this 
Campaign whole heartedly and are 
winners on the Contest the following 
Prizes will be given: 

Contest and Prizes 

Contest hetween the different States: 
The sum of one hundred dollars 
^$100.00) in gold will be presented by 
your Worthy National Master to the 
State Grange in which the largest 
percentage of its Subordinate Granges 
are represented by having one or more 
members procure a Grange Life In- 
surance policy during the Campaign. 

Contest hetween the Subordinate 
Granges of each State: 

First: $50.00 in gold given by each 
^tate Grange to the Subordinate 
grange of each State in which the 
<irge4 number of members procure 
« Grange Life Insurance policy dur- 
'".9 Grange Life Insurance Month. 

Second: $50.00 in gold given by 
^ach State Grange to the Subordinate 
^rrange of each State in which the 
yest percentage of its members pro- 

"ff^ a Orange Life Insurance Policy 

'"■'"^ Orange Life Insurance Month. 

JI^'^'^J, $10.00 in gold given by each 

^tate Grange to the Subordinate 

! ange m every County of its respec- 

eent ^^*^ -^ ^^^^^ ^^® largest per- 
icv ^^^ • -^^^ members procure a pol- 
fj P^^^'^ing at least five members 
for ^V' Grange make application 

^policies during the Campaign. 
J he Campaign Committee will be 
^^rlfl of the contest and the win- 
He fln P"^®^ ^^ ®»ch State will 

'^ceniber issue. 

Gr^!?f^^^^l be given to Winning 
nunl Q ^? ®*^^ State at the next An- 
^ession of State Grange. 



Rules Governing Contest 

Eligible for Credit: 

(a) Applications from any member 
of a Grange at ages from 9y2 to 
65^2 including members of Juvenile 
Granges, also from a son or daughter 
of a Patron who is over 9V2 years of 
age, but not old enough to be a Patron 
at present, but intends to be later. 

(b) Only applications on which at 
least a semiannual premium is for- 
warded to the Farmers and Traders 
Life Insurance Company, Syracuse, 
N. Y., with application. Such pay- 
ment to be refunded promptly by our 
Company if applicant does not pass 
medical examination. 

(c) Only applications for policies 
of $1,000 or more written during 
Grange Life Insurance Month and 
bearing a date in October. 

(d) The Name, Number of Grange, 
County and State where Grange is 
located, of which applicant is a mem- 
ber or that of the father or mother is 
a member must be written plainly on 
the upper right-hand corner of appli- 
cation so that your Grange will re- 
ceive proper credit. 

(e) In case of a tie on any of the 
contests the prize money for such con- 
test will be divided equally between 
the Granges having the same score. 

(f) One Grange will not be eligible 
to win both the major prizes but the 
winner of one of the major prizes may 
also win a County prize. 

No Credit Allowed for the Following 
on the Contest: 

(a) Applications received at the 
Home Office of the Farmers and 
Traders Life Insurance Company 
after November 3d. 

(b) Applications where the appli- 
cant delays in having medical exam- 
ination and the report of such exam- 
ination does not reach the Home Of- 
fice of our Company until after No- 
vember 5th. 

Our Company, the Farmers and 
Traders Life Insurance of Syracuse, 
N. Y., with whom we are connected 
by contract, has promised their ut- 
most co6i)eration towards the suc- 
cess of this Campaign and will fur- 
nish all the Subordinate Granges with 
complete instructions and details nec- 
essary to carry out successfully the 
objective of the Campaign in every 
Grange. 

Whether or not this Campaign of 
Service is a success in your Grange 
depends on the interest that is aroused 
by the Grange Officers. 

If our Company has an agent in 
your locality get in touch with him 
and he will assist you, but in some 
sections our Company has no repre- 
sentatives and where this condition 
exists some enthusiastic Patron 
should be appointed by your Grange 
who will follow the instructions of 
our Company and see that the mem- 
bers of your Grange have an oppor- 
tunity of participating in the Cam- 
paign. 

Your policy may be the one which 
will place your Subordinate Grange 
over the top on the contest and a prize 
winner. 

In taking a policy on this Cam- 
paign you are not conferring a favor 
to any one but yourself, neither are 
you creating a source of expense but 
you are building a Savings Fund and 
making an investment which will 



never depreciate in value and which 
may yield many times the total 
amount invested. 

Knowing that every dollar invested 
in our Grange Life Insurance Serv- 
ice is a safe and sound investment we 
urge every Patron to give this Cam- 
paign their whole-hearted cooperation. 

Each State Master on this Cam- 
paign Committee wishes his State to 
be a leader in this Contest, not for 
the prize, but because the Campaign 
is a test as to cooperation that he can 
depend on receiving from the Subor- 
dinate Grange Officers on a drive for 
the expansion of a service which will 
be of such great benefit to our Grange 
Communities. 

Some of the Granges failed to co- 
operate last year and were not repre- 
sented in the Campaign. We trust 
that this will not be true of our Cam- 
paign for this October. 

Signed : 




Worthy National Master. 
Master of New Jersey State Orange. 




<£ n '/:>uae^7i' 




Master of New York State Orange. 




Master of Penna. State Grange. 




Master of Ohio State Orange. 



GIVING JUDGE RIGHT TO PLACE 
PRISONER ON PROBATION 

By Ruby Laffoon 

Circuit Judge, Commonwealth of 
Kentucky 

It is a fact known to Kentuckians 
that our charitable and penal institu- 
tions are in a most deplorable condi- 
tion. Their management and control 
constitutes one of the major problems 
that must be met and solved in the 
interest of humanity and for the good 
of Kentucky. 

I have given considerable thought 
and study to this problem. I believe 
that a more thorough inquiry should 
be made into the mental condition of 
those who are tried in our courts be- 
fore they are committed to some one 
of these institutions for care and 
treatment. This, in my opinion, 
would be a step toward relieving in 
part, at least, the overcrowded condi- 
tion of our hospitals and asylums. 

And, as a means of relieving the 
congested condition of the jails, re- 
formatories and penitentiaries of a 
law that will give to the trial courts 
the right to suspend all imprisonment 
sentences, during good behavior, of 
certain first offenders, but would re- 
quire the culprit to remain under the 
supervision of someone designated by 
the order of the court to whom he 
must report at stated intervals. 

Such a law besides being a humani- 
tarian measure will materially dimin- 
ish the expenses incident to taking 
care of these offenders, and will be an 
incentive to them to become law ob- 
servers rather than law breakers. To 
incarcerate the young in prison only 
serves to destroy their morale and 
more often than not makes of them 
confirmed criminals. 



PROBLEMS OF THE FARM 

WILL BE UPPERMOST 

As plans develop for the coming 
session of the National Grange at 
Madison, Wisconsin (Nov. 11-20), it 
becomes apparent that this big con- 
vention of farm people will have great 
agricultural significance, particularly 
as it occurs scarcely three weeks pre- 
vious to the opening of the new Con- 
gress, in whose consideration farm 
problems are certain to loom large. 

Not only will agricultural repre- 
sentatives from nearly 35 states come 
to the Grange convention but many 
prominent in public life, from the 
various departments at Washington 
and elsewhere, are to be found on the 
Madison program; and such declara- 
tions as this great farm fraternity 
may make will command instant at- 
tention throughout the entire country. 
One of the big features of the session 
will be a public meeting at which the 
Master of the National Grange, Louis 
J. Taber, will preside and where two 
of the speakers already definitely 
scheduled will be Glenn Frank, Presi- 
dent of the University of Wisconsin, 
who is rated one of the keenest think- 
ers in the United States, and Phil La- 
Follette, Governor of Wisconsin, the 
youngest and one of the brightest gov- 
ernors in the country. 

Perplexing agricultural situations 
pervading the entire nation will be 
earnestly discussed by the National 
Grange and such burning issues as 
the Export Debenture, Farm Freight 
Rates, Rural Taxation and Proper 
Marketing Methods, will engage the 
best Grange attention. When a paid 
membership of nearly a million prop- 
erty-owning folks are represented in 
a national convention, as will be true 
of Madison, its pronouncements nat- 
urally command widespread attention. 

Preparing for the big class of 
Seventh Degree initiates at Madison 
(at least 3,000 expected for the "big 
day" of the convention, Friday, No- 
vember 13th), plans are making for 
special sessions of the State Grange, 
in both Wisconsin and Illinois, to 
confer the sixth degree; with special 
trains run into Madison on November 
13th to bring the initiates. At least 
two such trains will run from North- 
ern Illinois, besides hundreds of auto- 
mobiles that will bring families from 
long distances for the coveted degree. 

These special sessions in Wisconsin 
will be held the early part of October 
and will be later announced. The 
three special State Grange sessions in 
Illinois will be held as follows: 
Wednesday, September 2d, Peoria, in 
the Gold Room of Hotel Jefferson; 
Thursday, September 3d, at Sterling; 
Friday, September 4th, at Lyron Hall 
in Rockford. The hour of all the 
meetings is 7 : 30 p. m. and previous 
to the conferring of the sixth degree, 
the fifth degree will be given. These 
three points are the centers of strong 
Grange territory, where great enthu- 
siasm for going to Madison has al- 
ready been aroused. 



HE WAS WORKING LATE 

He had gone to his landlord with a 
serious complaint. "It's about those 
people in the flat above me," he 
stormed. "They won't give me a min- 
ute's peace. This morning at 2 o'clock 
they were jumping up and down and 
banging on the floor as hard as they 
could. I tell you, sir, I won't put up 
with such behavior. It's an outrage I" 

The landlord looked sympathetic. 
"They woke you up, I presume." 

"No," said the victim, shaking his 
head, "I hadn't gone to bed." 

"Ah, I seel You were working 
late?" 

"Yes, I was practicing on my saxo- 
phone." — Tit -Bits. 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 6 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



September, I93j 



@ 



The Lecturers Corner 

By Howard G. Eisaman, State Lecturer 



M 






GRANGE INSURANCE SERVICE 

Grange Lecturers of Pennsylvania 
can render a service of inestimable 
value to our Order and to our mem- 
bership if they will take advantage of 
the opportunity, which their ojSice af- 
fords, of acquainting their members 
with the various forms of insurance 
provided by the Grange. Many Pa- 
trons carry their insurance with com- 
panies that are foreign to the Grange, 
notwithstanding the fact that the 
Grange offers splendid life, automobile 
and fire insurance service. This con- 
dition of affairs is accountable largely 
to the fact that many of our members 
have not been fully acquainted with 
the high type of insurance service 
available through the Grange. This 
lack of knowledge has, in many in- 
stances, cost these uninformed mem- 
bers many additional dollars, and fur- 
thermore, just to the extent that mem- 
bers deal outside of Grange channels, 
just to that extent is our Grange co- 
operative endeavors weakened. Let 
us not forget; that it is consistent 
patronage that in turn makes for vol- 
ume, and it is volume. that makes for 
cooperative stability and success. Lec- 
turers here can see' their obligation 
in this respect as well as appreciate 
tbeir opportunity of making a very 
definite and concrete contribution to 
their members by encouraging loyalty 
and support of Grange cooperative en- 
deavors. In talking insurance to your 
members, emphasize the fact that 
there is no better insurance in Aiil^i'- 
ica than that which is offered by the 
Grange. Grange, life insurance is 
represented by The Farmers and 
Traders Life Insurance Company of 
Syracuse, N. Y., and Grange automo- 
bile insurance is represented by The 
National Grange Mutual Liability 
Company of Keene, N. H. Both of 
these companies are rated as ^'excel- 
lent," the highest rating which is 
given to any company, by The Alfred 
M. Best Insurance Rating Service. 
The Best Insurance Rating Service 
is the same in the American infiuriiACe 
field as the R. G. Dunn Company rat- 
ing is in the commercial field. The 
Grange fire insurance project is rep- 
resented by twenty-five different 
Grange companies, located throughout 
Pennsylvania. These companies have 
a combined total of insurance in force 
of $138,087,898.00. This tremendous 
volume of business attests to the sta- 
bility of this enterprise. In view of 
this high standing of our companies, 
naturally the question arises: "Why 



Th* UttI* Wond«r Weed Exterminator 

Will Potitivmly Dmatroy 



II 

CANADA THISTLES 

1 1 A spraying solution not a clilorate 1 1 

1 1 Write for froe illuat rated booklet. ' ■ 

R«b«r Chemical Co., Reading, Pa. 

Raise TREES' 

FOR PROFIT 

Make big money on Chri»tmai Trees and Orna- 
mental Evrrgreenn. Great aellert at Road«idc 
Stands. We furnish teedlings and transplants. 
Note these big values: 

TRANSPLANTED TREES 
Wliit*Sprnce - 4-yT.. S-12M3-100. $20.|fr 
Norway Sprvce - 4-yr.. $-18M3-100. (20-M| 
Norway Spr«e« - 5-yr., 10-20', (5- 100. $3Sn 
Colorado BiMSpract - S-yr.. 2S'. $5100. $35-M 
DoaflaaFir • 4-yT., T-UV $3 100. $20-M 
DtHmy and Padoifl Ckarm— At CmI— NOT mdmM. 
Our FALL Price Lut, uith many othfr attrac- 
tive li»ting* i» ju»t off the Fret. A copy 
M yourifor the a»kir%g. 

Kecse Forestry Associates, Dept.GN, Keene, N. H. 

1931 -OUR 25Ui AT«iNIV£RSARY YEAR 



should Grange members buy insur- 
ance outside of the Grange?" Our 
only answer is that it is our firm be- 
lief that these members are not aware 
of the advantages of Grange insur- 
ance. Thus it is our duty and task 
to inform them. 

During the month of October, the 
National and State Granges in coop- 
eration with The Farmers and Trad- 
ers Life Insurance Company are to 
wage an extensive life insurance cam- 
paign. It is the object of this cam- 
paign to write insurance in every 
Grange. Substantial prizes will be 
offered to the Granges writing the 
most life insurance and you as Lec- 
turer can assist very materially in 
helping your Grange win one of these 
prizes. Urge all your members to 
boost in this campaign and give every 
possible assistance to your local agent. 
To assist you in bringing this impor- 
tant phase of Grange service to the 
attention of your members, we are 
submitting herewith the following in- 
surance program with the recommen- 
dation that you present it at your 
last September meeting or first Octo- 
ber meeting. 

Grange Insurance Program 

Song — "River of Time — ^No. 56 in 
Patron. 

Roll Gall — Each member to tell 
which type of insurance he prefers, 
i.e.. Life, Automobile, or Fire, and 
why. , , . 

Paper — Farmers and Traders Life 
Insurance Company; history, amount 
of insurance in force, forms of poli- 
cies issued, etc. (Lecturers can secure 
data for this paper by writing to the 
Farmers and Traders Life Insurance 
Co., Syracuse, N. Y.). 

Discussion — Reasons why every au- 
tomobile owner should carry Automo- 
bile insurance. 

Question — Should Pennsylvania 
have a compulsory automobile insur- 
ance law? , 

Recitation — "The Back Seat 
Driver." 

If he should hit a trolley car, 

Or cut a train in two, 
Do anything that drivers are 

At times inclined to do. 
The Coroner may find — alack, 

Should anyone survive — 
That there was someone in the back, 

To tell him how to drive. 

It's hard to watch the road ahead, 

And heed the voice behind; 
And many people now are dead, 

You frequently will find. 
Yes, many people are deceased, 

Who might be now alive, 
Had no one told, or tried at least, 

To tell them how to drive. 

And many more who occupied 

The rear are now at rest, 
Yes, many people now reside 

In regions of the blest, 
Because they yelled, **Here comes a 
truck, 

Put on vour brakes" — Oh, I've 
Seen lots of people out of luck 

For telling how to drive. 

So, when your wife is driving, please; 

Don 't tell her what to do ; 
To see the other auto, she's 

As competent as you. 
rf; you will leave her quite alone, 

-You likely will arrive, 
She doesn 't need a megaphone 

To tell her how to drive. 

Tn fact the able engineers, 

Who any car designed, 
Have put the steering wheel and gears 

In front and not behind; 



For that's the place they all decide. 

The best they can contrive. 
The rear's the proper place to ride — 

The front the place to drive. 

— Michigan Patron. 

Discussion — Advantages of Life In- 
surance for 

1. Education of children. 

2. Income for old age. 

3. Business security. 

4. In building an estate. 

5. Protection of the home. 

6. As a guarantee of financial security. 

Song— "Hike Along"— No. 77 in 
Patron. 

Paper — Grange Automobile Insur- 
ance ; History of company, amount of 
insurance in force, forms of insurance 
written, company policy, etc. (Lec- 
turers can secure data for this paper 
by writing to The National Grange 
Mutual Liability Co., Keene, N. H.). 

Reading— "A Toast to the Horse." 

O horse you are a wonderful thing; 

No buttons to push, no clutch to slip, 

No sparks to miss, no gears to strip, 

No license buying every year. 

With plates to screw on front and rear, 

No gas bill climbing up each day. 

Stealing the joy of life away. 

No speed cop chugging at your rear, 

Yelling summons in your ear. 

Your inner tubes are all O. K. 

And, thank the Lord, they stay that way. 

Your spark plugs never miss and fuss. 

Your motor never makes us cuss, 

Your body never changes style. 

Your frame is good for many a mile. 

Your wants are few and easy met, 

You've got something on the flivver yet. 

Talk — Provisions of the Grange In- 
surance Campaign, by Farmers and 
Traders Agent, County Deputy or 
Grange Master. 

Song — John Brown's Flivver. 

John Brown 's fiivver has a puncture in 

it's tire, 
John Brown's flivver has a puncture in 

it's tire, 
John Brown's flivver has a puncture in 

it's tire, 
And they mended it with chewing gum. 

First time sing verse through using 
all the words, second time pmit the 
word "flivver" and make motions as if 
cranking car. Third time omit "fliv- 
ver" and the word "puncture," make 
noise as if air was escaping from tire, 
Sizz-z-z. Fourth omit the word "tire" 
and make motion as if pumping up a 
tire. Last omit the words "Chewing 
gum" and imitate a person stretching 
gum from the mouth. 

Play— "The Heart of the Estate." 

(This is a splendid one-act play, 
which in a very graphic manner tells 
the story of life insurance and its 
service to the modern family. This 
play is easily staged, requires six 
characters and plays about twenty 
minutes. Lecturers can procure copies 
of the play, free of charge, by writing 
to State Lecturer Howard G. Eisa- 
man, East Springfield, Pa. 

HELP YOURSELF WHILE 
HELPING THE GRANGE — 
BOOST FOR GRANGE INSUR- 
ANCE. 



STATE MEETING 

Brother Kenzie S. Bagshaw who 
has charge of the reservation of rooms 
at the Du Bois Hotel for the State 
meeting to be held there in December, 
states that all available rooms are al- 
ready reserved and that all future re- 
quests for lodging should be addressed 
to Mr. W. N. McCreight, DuBois, Pa. 

BROAD HINT 

Boring Guest — "That is a strange 
clock you have in the hall." 

Host— "Yes, we call it 'the Guest.' " 

Guest— "Why is that?" 

Host— "It won't go.''— Deutsche II- 
lustrierte (Berlin). 



HUNDREDS ATTEND ANNUAL 

COUNTY PICNIC 

The annual county picnic, sponsored 
by Pomona Grange, the Agricultural 
Extension Association and the Cono. 
pus Club which was held at Hamlin 
Park and McCoy Stadium Wednes- 
day, Aug. 19th, proved to be a very 
delightful affair and attracted over a 
1,000 people from Smethport and oth. 
er parts of the county. 

The day was replete with entertain- 
ment, speaking, horseshoe pitching 
dashes for boys and girls, mile run' 
rolling pin throwing contest for worn' 
en, tug of war boys and men, and ball 
games. 

Hon. P. H. Dewey, Secretary of the 
Interior and Past Master of the Penn- 
sylvania State Grange, delivered a 
very eloquent address in the after- 
noon. Hon. Dewey complimented 
Smethport on its fine athletic field, 
and spoke very highly of Paul D. 
Hamlin, the donor, in not forgetting 
his home town after having left it 
He also spoke on the promise Hamlin 
Park has for recreation purposes. 

Attendance prizes which were do- 
nated by local merchants were won 
by: Gene Davis, two boxes candy; 
E. G. Harris, one year's membership 
in McKean County Motor Club; 
Morse Skipper, Ceres, watch; and 
Mrs. Lawrence Goodman, Rew City, 
electric iron. 

The athletic events which were un- 
der the direction of Dr. A. R. Liver- 
more resulted as follows: 

50-yard dash for girls, 12 or under 
— won by Helen McGuire. 

50-yard dash for girls, 12 to IB- 
won by Margaret Gillen. 

50-yard dash for boys, 12 or under 
— won by "Chuck" Petruzzi. 

100-yard dash — open — won by John 
Mundy. 

Mile run — open — won by Edward 
Harmon. 

C. Bernett, Port Allegany High 
School youth carried off the honors in 
the horseshoe pitching contest by de- 
feating all competition in the open 
class. George Crooks, won the farm- 
er's class. In a play off between the 
two champions Bernett defeated 
Crooks, two out of three games. 
Crooks has held the county champion- 
ship in the farmer class for five con- 
secutive years. 

Smethport Defeats Ceres, 11-6 

In a loosely played ball game in the 
afternoon the Smethport ball tossert 
handed the Ceres nine a 11-6 defeat 
Franks on the mound for the locals 
allowed but seven hits and struck out 
12 batsmen. West on the mound foi 
the visitors allowed 14 safe blows. 

Out of the fourteen hits for the lo- 
cals 10 went for extra bases. E. KoM 
had a perfect day at bat garnering 
four blows in four times at bat, i 
home run, a three base hit and two 
doubles. .1. Peeler also smashed a 
home run and triple. Others getting 
extra base hits were : L. Petruzzi, and 
L. Kohn, who connected for a triple 
each and Franks who smashed out a 
double. 

The committee in charge deserve 
much praise in the way they con- 
ducted the picnic which proved so 
successful. 



Every Grange should be an Honor 
Grange. 




Delivered prices quoted on request. 

THE L B!GLOW CO. New London, 0. 



September, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 7 



TiroDERN PUBLIC 

^" HEALTH PROGRAM 



Changes Which Have Taken Place 
Are Outlined 



By Dr. Paul M. Brooks 
devuty Commissioner of Health, 
State of New York 
If a health officer of 50 years ago 
could come back, like Rip Van 
Winkle, and visit the office of an up- 
to-date health department he would 
find himself literally in a new world, 
scientifically speaking. Many of the 
things he considered most important 
in his day, he would learn, have been 
found to have had little or no effect 
on health. 

He would find the modern health 
officer— if he visited the right place — 
at the head of a staff of trained as- 
sistants, engaged in activities not even 
thought of in his day: Public health 
nursing, child and maternal hygiene, 
public health education, laboratory 
diagnosis and research, sanitary en- 
gineering and all the rest. He would 
find that instead of putting their faith 
in quarantine, placarding and fumi- 
gating, as he did — "locking the barn 
door after the horse was stolen" — they 
were applying scientific measures to 
the prevention of disease. 

It is a long jump from the ox-drawn 
covered wagon rumbling over muddy 
roads at five miles an hour to the 
modern limousine doing its 60 and the 
air mail its 200. Just as radically 
have our conceptions of public health 
work changed in the same time; and 
the change is still going on. Two 
things have been largely responsible — 
the development of bacteriology and 
the accumulation of experience. Take 
diphtheria as an example. In 1878 a 
leading New York State medical 
journal editorially "raked over the 
coals" a physician who had made the 
seemingly foolish suggestion that 
diphtheria might be caused by some 
living organism too small to be seen 
with the naked eye. A few years later 
the germ was discovered. Then came 
the life-saving antitoxin. Now we are 
no longer satisfied to cure. By a 
simple procedure children are pro- 
tected so they need have no fear of 
the disease. In another generation 
there will be many physicians who 
have never seen a case of diphtheria, 
just as there are many today who have 
never seen typhoid fever. 

Of all the recent developments per- 
haps the most remarkable has been the 
discovery of something called "bac- 
teriophage." It now looks as if the 
disease bacteria may have, in their 
turn, parasites infinitesimally small 
^'hich under certain conditions prey 
on them and destroy them. Think 
^'hat it will mean if we can get them 
• enlisted on our side. 

Then, with scientific methods to 
aid us, we have been learning from 
experience. As we climb higher we 
see farther and more clearly. As sta- 
tistics have accumulated it has been 
possible to determine with increasing 
accuracy what activities really do save 
jj^^j'' prevent sickness and promote 
pealth and happiness. In the old days, 
jn our ignorance, we wasted a lot of 
time "fighting shadows." 

l^ublic health education is one of 

l^ne modern conceptions. Only a few 

years ago, when the health budget of 

e of oxir own large cities was being 

Pf^^«» an eagle-eyed "economist" 

fl^H ^^ ^*^'" ^<^^ "health education" 
^^ proposed to cut it out as unnec- 

in ^^^T ?^"^^^^^^ it managed to stay 
moi, ^^^y every progressive city 
cati ^.^^^^ » provision. Health edu- 
Wf^^ ^^ nothing more or less than 
^^"ng people know what health work 
'^eans and how it affects them. 

^ nave scarcely made a begin- 






L. J. Taber 

Worthy National Master 





E. B. DORSETT 

Master of Penna. 



Fred J. Freestone 
Master of N.Y. 



David H. Aoans 
Master of N. J. 



W. F. Kirk 
Master of Ohio 



SUCCESS IS ASSURED 

with your help . . . 



THE above committee, under the leader- 
ship of L. J. Taber, our Worthy Na- 
tional Master, has worked out all 
details, made changes, improved last year's 
plan, and now is ready to launch the big- 
gest event of the year — the Grange Cam- 
paign. 

To you, to your friends, to all Grangers in 
fact, we extend an invitation. Here is the 
plan — let's put it over — its success is as- 
sured with your help ! Put your own 
Grange in the lead ! 

THE PLAN 

Establishing our Grange Life Insurance- 
service as furnished by our company, the 
Farmers and Traders Life Insurance Com- 
])any of Syracuse, New York, in "every 
Subordinate Grange," by having our Sub- 
ordinate Grange officers see that one or 
more members in each Grange procures a 
l)olicy during ''Grange Life Insurance 
Month." 

Further details of this campaigrn are given on 
page 5 of this issue. The Master of your Grange 
is fully equipped with the informmtion you will 
need for your application. 



PRIZES 

$100.00 in gold (Grand Prize to winning 
State Grange). 

$50.00 in gold (First Prize from each 
State Grange to winning Subordinate 
Grange in each State). 

$50.00 in gold (Second Prize from each 
State Grange to winning Subordinate 
Grange in each State). 

$10.00 in gold (Third Prize from each 
State Grange to winning Subordinate 
Grange in each County). 

The Campaign Committee wilL be the 
judges of the content and the winders of. 
the Prizes in each State will be announced^ 
in the Grange Papers, December. is.sue. 







^fi^K^^ 



In co-operation with the Campaign Committee this 
advertisement is presented by 

FARMERS and TRADERS LIFE INSURANCE CO. 

Stale Tower Building, Syracuse, N. Y. 



yCijz<c)p^ -/^uMdZi' 



® 1061 



ning; yet even today many intelli- 
gent laymen know more about person- 
al hygiene and public health than the 
average health officer knew 50 years 
ago. As people see and understand 
the results of public health work, they 
want more of it. Education is grad- 
ually clearing the road of the apathy 
and antagonism that once obstructed 
progress in this line. 

As for the results of the application 
of these new ideas, they are apparent 
to anyone that has "eyes to see and 
ears to hear," Perhaps, when someone 
has been talking county nurses or 
pasteurization of milk, some wiseacre 
has said something like this: ''You 



may be all right, but my mother raised 
five children before they ever heard 
of county nurses or pasteurized milk." 
That, of course, settles the question. 

Naturally, babies have been born 
since the beginning of time and some 
of them have lived; but a much 
smaller proportion survived 50 or even 
20 years ago than do today. At the 
end of 1930 there were over 12,000 
children living in this State who 
would have died during the year if 
the infant death rate of 1910 had still 
prevailed. Make a similar computa- 
tion for all of the intervening years 
and the total of lives saved would 
populate a large city. To those who 



think, facts are more impressive than 
wit. 

Speaking of changing conceptions, 
one of the things that people are just 
beginning to learn is that efficient 
health work pays "in dollars and 
cents." A man or woman living and 
healthy is an asset to the family and 
the community. Money that would 
have been spent for services of doc- 
tors and undertakers is going into the 
bank and the earning capacity of the 
individual continues. There is no 
better advertisement for any county 
or city than that it is clean and 
healthy and has an efficient health de- 
partment; and the two go together. 



TIGHT BINDING TEXT GUT OFF 



Pages 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



September, 193| 



Pennsylvania Qrange News 

Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 

Rooms 426-30, Telegraph Building 

216 Locust St, Harrisburs, Pa. 

5 cents a copy. 50 cents a year. 



Vol. XXVIII 



Septembeb, 1931 



No. 6 



Board of Managers 

E. B. DORSETT, President 

S. A. HABSHAW H. D. ALLEBACH KENZIE BAGSHAW 

Editor, E. B. DORSETT, Mansfield, Pa. 
to whom should be addressed all matters relating to news contributions, photographs, etc. 

Associate Editors 

HANNAH McK. LYONS, H. G. EISAMAN, 

Lincoln University, Pa. East Springfield, Pa. 

JOHN H. LIGHT, Business Manager, 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

to whom all matters relative to advertising, mailing list, pattern orders should be addressed. 

ADVERTISING is accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate line, or $3.50 per inch, 
each insertion. New York representative, Norman Co., 34 West 33d Street. 



Grange Year Closes 

BEFORE the next issue of Grange News reaches you, the Grange year 
will have closed. Its successes and its failures will have been recorded. 
Which side of the ledger will your Grange occupy? There is still 
time for many changes to be made. Some good hard active work, on the 
part of each member, and each official, will bring results. 

The last quarter of the year will be the best one, and the final results 
will depend upon the efforts put forth by each member. If you have not 
brought in a new application, or one for reinstatement, see if you cannot 
do 80 before the year closes. 



Shall We Have a State- Wide 

Marketing Organization ? 

AN EFFORT is being made to organize cooperative enterprise for the 
^ purpose of marketing farm products. It sounds good and looks well 
in print, but there are many pitfalls and breakers ahead. In fact 
the road to successful marketing is strewn with the wreckage of cooperative 
organizations, both big and small. It is not my purpose to either criticize 
or oppose the movement, but to give you some facts, out of the Book of 
Experience, for your consideration. 

Taking the proposition at its face value, it seemingly has merit, its 
need is urgent and the benefits derived, as described by its promoters, are 
hard to realize and still harder to believe. I should like to see a coopera- 
tive organization that would function in the interest of the farmer, and not 
for selfish commercial interests. I have had some very bitter and costly 
experience in trying to organize a cooperative marketing system that would 
honestly and efficiently serve the best interests of agriculture. 

It is because of that experience that I am giving you a few facts that 
lyy serve to help those who have been approached, or who may be think- 
ing of investing in the enterprise. Agriculture is passing through one of 
the most critical periods of all its history. One fraught with many dangers 
and much misunderstanding. There are many Doctors, ready and willing 
to prescribe for the patient, provided there is a good fee in sight or a 
lucrative position attached. 

Before you embark on any wild cat excursions, invest any money or 
lend assistance to any movement that seeks to relieve the farmer of the 
little he has left, it will be good policy to study carefully the needs of the 
patient and take neither advice nor medicine until you are sure what is 
needed. 

Pennsylvania is unlike many States in that she has the best markets 
in the world, at her door or within her borders. With the exception of a 
few highly perishable products, there is not the need for cooperative market- 
ing that there is in the grain belt of the West, or the cotton section of the 
South. It is true that present market conditions are bad, and it is also 
true that no organization would be able to materially change these conditions. 

The most efficient service that any marketing association could render, 
would be that of teaching the farmer how to sort, grade and pack his 
product. State College is now teaching that and the Extension Bureau is 
rendering a valuable service to the farmers of the State. In addition we 
have the Bureau of Markets, in the Department of Agriculture, rendering 
a similar service. 

We have three big milk organizations, fruit growers, potato growers, 
poultry associations, and last, but not least, the Keystone Grange Exchange, 
all rendering a needed service and doing a work that would necessarily be 



duplicated by a new organization. Why a further duplication of effort 
when we already have too much? 

Would it not be better to give support to the agencies that we have 
rather than create new jobs for promoters, schemers and dreamers? I am 
quite sure that we have all the machinery that we keep well oiled and in 
a state of repair. More would only add to our troubles and increase our 
taxes. 

Our Old Grange has aided many a Cooperative, but it cannot quite see 
the wisdom of fostering a new one at this time under present conditions. 
Better pay your dues in the Grange, attend its meetings, patronize the many 
agencies it has provided to serve you and let new ones alone. The Grange 
has stood every test for more than sixty years and will stand the present one. 

"If you are looking "For Acres of Diamonds," you will find them in 
your ov^m Order, if you will only look. Do not let any one persuade you 
that the "Pasture Is Greener" in a new organization, but make the most 
of what you have. The Grange can do all that any organization can do 
and has a record that has never been equalled. Give it your full support 
and in due time agriculture will come into her own. E. B. D. 



September, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 9 



EDUCATION AND DEMOCRACY 

By Wiluam R. Straughn 

President, State Teachers College, 

Mansfield, Pa., and a member of the 

State Council of Education 

A pure democracy exists when the 
economic extremes in society have 
been eliminated, but as every country 
has economic extremes there is no 
such political and social organization 
as a pure democracy. However, a 
practical democracy in which more 
opportunities for self-expression have 
developed than under any other form 
of government is at the present time 
the objective of nearly all civilized 
countries. Various means have been 
used by different peoples to attain 
such practical democracy. The lower 
economic extreme in French society 
at the end of the eighteenth century 
sought to eliminate the upper eco- 
nomic extreme by means of the guil- 
lotine. Nearly a century passed before 
her form of government was again 
stabilized. Russia, more recently, has 
tried the same experiment, and the 
result will be the same — a long period 
of conflict and hardship before stabili- 
zation. Mexico has repeatedly sought 
the elimination of her small but pow- 
erful upper economic extreme at the 
expense of the favorable development 
of a great "mean" (or middle) in so- 
ciety. Yet these countries are self- 
styled democracies because the peo- 
ple (?) rule. 

The United States of America made 
the important discovery that educa- 
tion is the only known instrument by 
which the undesirable extremes may 
be eliminated or substantially re- 
duced. A person of wealth is not 
necessarily in the undesirable upper 
economic extreme. In this undesir- 
able upper extreme we must place only 
those who use their wealth for purely 
selfish purposes and thrills. It is mis- 
interpretation of the use of wealth 
which leads to the repeated conflicts 
of capital and labor. Not all wealthy 
persons are socially undesirable. On 
the contrary it is properly used wealth 
that contributes to social improve- 
ment. The Rockefellers, the Fords 
and other big business men have used 
their abilities and their money to pro- 
mote the opportunities that exist in 
a democracy. Unfortunately, the 
United States, as well as European 
countries, has a substantially large 
class of unproductive members who 
fail to use their leisure and their 
money to social advantage, and hence 
constitute that body which is known 
as the upper economic extreme. 

On the other hand, the lower eco- 
nomic extreme looks on this class with 
envy and jealousy. In this lower eco- 
nomic extreme is that numerous body 
of poverty-stricken, or nearly so, hav- 
ing drifted or fallen here by laziness. 



ignorance, or calamity. These too are 
noncontributing, and more objection- 
able than the upper extreme, for at 
least the latter are self-supporting and 
not asking alms from society. The 
lower extreme is large, variously esti- 
mated at from eight to fifteen mil- 
lions, mostly illiterates (of varying 
degrees) who are unable or unwilling 
to support themselves and their de- 
pendents. 

Public education has therefore been 
offered and supported as the means by 
which these undesirable extremes may 
be reduced. An educated upper ex- 
treme realizes its social obligation to 
the less fortunate, and a lower eco- 
nomic extreme is afforded at public 
expense an opportunity to the means 
by which it can virtually lift itself to 
a higher and more desirable level. On 
the basis of this assumption we pro- 
claim "Equal educational opportuni- 
ties for every child." But this decla- 
ration like "all men are born free and 
equal" is a pretty saying, soothing to 
the mind of him who has, but terribly 
disturbing to the stomach of the one 
who has not the freedom and the 
equality, nor the opportunity to secure 
the same. The fact of the matter is 
that the available wealth to promote 
public education centers in certain 
districts due to population, industries 
or natural resources. The sparsely set- 
tled rural districts are like the lower 
economic extreme in society, so far as 
educational opportunities are con- 
cerned, in that they need larger state 
support to enable them to carry out 
even a minimum educational program 
through which the children of the 
country may find more comfortable 
and satisfying self-expression. 



A FREE EDUCATION 

When it is considered that tons of 
literature are being forwarded 
through the mails and by express on 
the subject of home building and 
home furnishing, there is no dearth 
of opportunity to learn a great deal 
about this matter. It is an education 
that various manufacturers and build- 
ers give the public free of charge. The 
commercial angle to it is almost for- 
gotten. There is a great stream of 
information from many sources, a 
stream in which millions of persons 
are invited to bathe. It is thus that 
the nation continually renews her 
.vouth. 



Senator Arthur Capper has recently 
stated that he was proud of the fact 
that the Grange had 800,000 memberfl 
and said that he could not under- 
stand why as good an organization did 
not have five times as many members. 
We agree, and think it time to begin 
to make a determined effort to build 
Grange membership well beyond the 
million mark. 







MM* 




HENS' EGGS AND KILOWATT HOURS 

What You Can Do with a ''Daily Dozen" 

^J t 'n'nfkQf^ — ^^^^ y^u ^^^ getting 25 cents a dozen for eggs — that you decide to , 

J^^^ invest the proceeds of one dozen eggs a day in electricity. For this 

amount, in the form of an extension minimum, your Electric Company will spend up to 
$428.00 extending service to you and furnishing current to the full value of the minimum 
paid without additional charge, at the same rate per K.W.H. that the town customer enjoys. 

What Your "Daily Dozen" Will Do 

U^ht Every ivhere It will light the house, the yard, the bam. No bumps and falls due to shadows and darkness. No lamps to fill, no 

smoky chimneys to clean, no lantern to upset. Turn on the cellar light before you start down. Have a switch by the 
bay mow ladder and in the silo entry. Surprise night prowlers by pressing a button indoors. Two hands free for 
work. Good light for all to read by. 



Pump l¥ater 



Wash and Iron 



Saves Steps and 
Food 

Radio and Clock 



Cpeneral Uses 

Operate :^lilking 
Machine 



It will pump the water under pressure to the kitchen, the bathroom and in the yard. Also in the poultry house, and 
enough in the dairy barn for a fifteen cow herd. Pressure maintained automatically. Pump starts and stops itself, 
without attention — just turn the spigot. 

It will run the washing machine and heat the iron. Ends washday drudgery and discomfort. The washer motor is 
always ready. The iron stays hot, the room stays cool. 

It will run the refrigerator. Constant low temperature keeps foods from spoiling. Saves endless steps to cellar or 
springhouse. Delicious frozen desserts when wanted. No more digging in the sawdusL 

It will operate the radio, the electric clock, no winding. No more radio batteries to change or charge. The clock*s 
split-second accuracy is a joy to everyone, yet it uses so little current it can barely be measured. 

It will provide^urrent for the normal use of the toaster, waffle iron, vacuum sweeper, sewing machine, haircurler, etc. 

It will milk the cows. Current enough to milk a fifteen cow herd every day. The electric milking machine saves 
time, reduces labor costs — on many farms more than pays for itself in a short time. 

Electricity will do all these things for the Average Price of a Dozen Eggs a Day 

The exact amount of current used for the services listed, of course, will vary as will the amount of current furn- 
ished for $7.50 per month. A typical rate would be: — 25 K. W. H. at 9c, 25 K. W. H. at 5c and all in excess at 3c or 
183 K. W. H.for $7.50. Some portions of the State are servedat rates lower than this and a few areas are slightly higher. 



rr 



It Costs More To Do Without Electricity Than To Use /t" — Ask Those Who Have It! 

Published in the interest of Rural Electrification by the 



Bradford Electric Company 
Chester County Electric Company 
Chester Valley Electric Company 
Duquesne Light Company 
Edison Light & Power Company 
Keystone Public Service Company 



Luzerne County Gas & Electric Company 
Metropolitan Edison Company 
Northern Pennsylvania Power Company 
Penn Centra] Light & Power Company 
Pennsylvania Electric Company 
Pennsylvania Power & Light Company 



Pennsylvania Power Company 
Philadelphia Electric Company 
Scranton Electric Company 
South Penn Electric Company 
Southern Pennsylvania Power Company 
Wellsboro Electric Company 
West Penn Power Company 



Page 10 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



September, 193j 




Home Economics 
Committee 
H 
Mrs. Georgia M. Piolett 
Mrs. Furman Gyger 
Miss Charlotte E. Ray 
Mrs. Charlotte Ruppin 
Mrs. Clara C. Phillips 



WOMAN'S WORK 

IN THE 

HOME AND GRANGE 

By Home Economics Committee 



Charles Kingsley says: "If you 
want to be miserable, think about 
yourself — about what you want, what 
you like, what respect people ought 
to pay to you and what people think 
of you." People are naturally happy 
if they go about something useful and 
don't try to run the Universe. The 
latter is too big a job. Taking it on 
the mind soon results in discontent. 
So keep the telephone of your mind 
forever transmitting thoughts of love, 
plenty, joy and health; then when 
fear, sorrow or hate try to call you 
up — they will always get the busy sig- 
nal — and will soon forget your num- 
ber. 



Whatever Is, — Is Best 

I know as my life grows older, 

And mine eyes have clearer sight — 
That under each rank wrong, some- 
where 

There lies the root of right; 
That each sorrow has its purpose. 

By the sorrowing oft unguessed. 
But as sure as the sun brings morn- 
ing, 

Whatever is, — is best. 

I know that each sinful action, 

As sure as the night brings shade. 
Is somewhere, sometime punished, 

Tho' the hour is lond delayed. 
I know that the soul is aided 

Sometimes by the hearts unrest. 
And to grow means often to suffer — 

But whatever is, — is best. 

I know there are no errors. 

In the great eternal plan 
And all things work together 

For the final good of man. 
And I know when my soul speeds on- 
ward. 

In the grand eternal quest, 
I shall say as I look back earthward 

Whatever is, — is best. 

— Ella Wheeler Wilcox. 



Keeping Cool in the Summertime 

How can we keep cool these hot 
days? Most of the farm women can- 
not afford to leave home for a week 
at a time, nor even a few days to en- 
joy the mountain air, the beach, or 
even a stream near by. Necessity 
keeps them in the kitchen, canning 
and preserving, pickling and jelly 
making, cooking for the extra farm 
hands most of the summertime. 
These things must all be cared for re- 
gardless of the heat. How then can 
we keep cool and still enjoy our work ? 

Fortunately in this age most of the 
cooking is done by oil, gas or elec- 
tricity. The kitchens, too, are better 
ventilated than in our grandmother's 
time, they are built with high ceilings 
instead of low ones and plenty of 
light to insure us good work. 

Those farmers' wives who are for- 
tunate enough to have an electric 
stove can keep so much cooler than 
by the coal or wood range, oil or gas. 
Canning and preserving can be done 




STRAWBERRIES 

pA Y Allen's Book of Herr!e« 

W r\ I tells how. Degcrlbes best 

▼aiietlea, methods and 

plants. Write today for free copy. 

THE W. F. ALLEN CO. 
199 Market St., Sallibury, Md. 



by electricity. All cold packed vege- 
tables can be canned in the electric 
oven just as easily as over a hot cook 
stove, with less heat and no hot water 
or steam to scald the hands. 

If when building a home and ar- 
ranging the grounds about it one 
would use common sense methods, ex- 
cessive heat would not bother us. 

Screened in porches, vine covered 
porches, shade trees, sheltered nooks, 
swimming pool, plenty of green grass 
and flowers to take away the glare of 
the sun are all stepping stones to cool- 
ness and provide much comfort in hot 
weather. 

The house of course should not be 
smothered in trees. Plant a group of 
trees at each end, especially at the 
western side of the house for protec- 
tion against the hot afternoon sun 
and leave the front of the house open 
to view. 

Be sure your vine covered porches 
have the southern exposure, free from 
vines, but the east and west sides well 
covered. A slanting support on the 
south end of the porch that looks 
somewhat like an awning would be 
better than an all covered side, as the 
vines help to break the cool breezes 
that one needs when working or rest- 
ing there. 

Many an hour keeping cool can be 
spent on these vine covered or 
screened in porches when preparing 
vegetables or fruits for canning or 
the regular meals or darning those 
socks that have piled up so high dur- 
ing the rush season. 

The radio can be near and the 
morning devotion and other delight- 
ful morning programs will inspire one 
and help us to start our day aright 
and to forget the heat. 

Rustic furniture about the lawn 
adds to one's comfort as well as being 
picturesque and concrete furniture in 
its proper location on the lawn is at- 
tractive and of a cooling nature. 

Any farm with springs and a 
stream can afford a large swimming 
pool for the family. A pool 18x25x5 
made of concrete blocks cemented to- 
gether will hold ample water for good 
swimming. Even an old auto engine 
can be pressed into use for pumping 
the water, and most of the work can 
be done without extra hired labor. 
It too, does away with the dirty old 
swimming hole and affords the fam- 
ily a private, clean, refreshing exer- 
cise. A dip in the hot afternoon and 
evening and how cool and invigorated 
one feels I Frances Gyger. 



He.\lth Message 

Every living creature works. Just 
notice how busily the squirrel toils, in 
building a warm nest for its young 
and in gathering a winter store of 
food; watch the ant as it hurries 
about its tasks — what wonderful tun- 
nels it digs, beneath the little moun- 
tains which it rears; the bees, the 
birds and even the fishes, delight in 
doing work, which nature gives them, 
as a part of their lives. It is just so 
in human life, nobody wants a lazy 
tramp around. 

Do you not think that person is 
fortunate who can choose clean work, 
which takes him out of door in the 
free air and sunshine? One who 
works in the fresh smelling earth, un- 
der the open sky, as do the gardener, 



the farmer and the fruit grower, can 
scarcely help filling his lungs with 
pure air very often each day. All 
the benefits to be derived from the 
sunshine are his, too, if he will take 
them. He need not depend upon un- 
safe adulterated food supplies, for he 
can have the first pick of the prod- 
ucts the earth yields upon his culti- 
vation. He can secure pure water 
and surround himself with things 
clean and wholesome, if he has a 
mind to do so and knows how. His 
work and his manner of living may 
all tend toward health. Besides, 
there is the pleasure of making things 
grow and of doing the world a great 
service in helping to supply its needs. 

Our health takes its color, in a way, 
from that which surrounds us or, as 



it is termed, from our environments. 
If these are clean and helpful, they 
help to keep us well. We should en- 
deavor to live in such a manner as to 
develop strength and preserve health 
because in this way the individual 
will have the greatest success, in se- 
curing the things which he desires and 
in avoiding the disabilities and pains 
which otherwise are likely to occupy 
a considerable part of his life. M. L. 



The Dean of Girls in the High 
School 

In the history of The Grange it is 
significant that education has always 
had a prominent place. Right in line 
with the forward look of The Grange 
in matters educational is the decision 



OUR FASHION AND PAHERN DEPARTMENI 

All patterns 18 cents each, postage prepaid. 



33J8 




All patterns price 15c each in stamps or coin (coin preferred). 

trasting and 1% yards of plaltlnjf 
and a leather belt. , 

8802 — French Chic. Designed for sizes -. 
4. 6 and 8 yeans. Size 4 requires 
1 Vj yards of 39-inch material wiw 
1/2 yard of 35- Inch contrasting- 

8291 — .For Smart Juniors. Designed for 
sizes 6. 8. 10. 12 and 14 years- 
Size 8 requires 2 yards of 39- nca 
material with % yard of 35-incn 
contrasting. ,,^. 

8262 — For Classroom. Designed for sizes 
0. S. 10 and 12 years. Size o 
requires 2 yards of 39-inch raa. 
terial with % yard of 35-inch con- 

- - trasting and a leather belt. 

Our Fall and Winter Fashion Magazine li 16 cents a copy, but may be obtained for 10 centi 

if ordered same time as pattern. 



8818 — Slimming Lines. Designed for sizes 
36, 38. 40, 42, 44 and 46 Inches 
bust measure. Size 36 requires 
3^ yards of 39-lnch material with 
% yard of 39-lnch contrasting. 

8821 — New Sleeve Model. Designed for 
sizes 16, 18 years. 36, 38. 40. 42 
and 44 inches bust measure. Size 
36 requires 3^/2 yards of 39-inch 
material with % yard of 39-lnch 
contrasting. 

8826 — For the College Girl. Designed for 
sizes 14. 16. 18, 20 years. 36 and 
38 Inches bust measure. Size 16 
requires 3 yards of 39-inch ma- 
terial with % yard of 35-inch con- 



Address, giving number and size: 

PATTERN DEPARTMENT, GRANGE NEWS, 
428 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



September, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 11 



f the Home Economics Committee 
?o establish as one of its aims a pro- 
gram of inquiry and fact-finding that 
fhall show the advantage of having a 
dean of girls in every high school. 
In casting about for someone to pre- 
sent this theme, your committee 
seized upon a person near home who 
really has no first-hand knowledge of 
the subject. In other words she has 
never been a high school dean. So 
she admits at the outset that any in- 
formation and views presented are 
gleaned from friends in the work and 
from the writings of others familiar 
with this work. 

With the eternal "Why?" confront- 
ing us at the mention of any new 
subject, some will ask what was the 
occasion that gave rise to the posi- 
tion of high school dean. This situa- 
tion can be explained by a glance 
at the new conditions faced by many 
high schools about twenty years ago. 
About that time, and in some cases 
earlier, the high schools began to in- 
crease their enrollment so rapidly 
that it was no longer possible for 
teachers to give to individual pupils 
the guidance they needed. At the 
same time the parents in many homes 
found they had not time to give to 
their children the training required to 
meet the increasing demands of a 
changing civilization. Gradually 
there evolved the idea that the school 
should provide whatever training the 
home and church lacked opportunity 
to provide, and then the idea that 
one particular person should be ap- 
pointed in each school to help in di- 
recting the school activities toward 
the most helpful training. Respond- 
ing to such a need, Ella Flagg Young, 
Superintendent of Chicago Schools, 
in 1913 appointed in each high school 
of that city a person to be known as 
Dean of Girls. 

With the growing interest in this 
work, it became necessary to define 
the position. Accordingly the Na- 
tional Association of Deans of Wom- 
en gave the following statement : "A 
Dean of Girls is that member of the 
administrative staff in a high school 
who represents officially the girls of 
the school, coordinating their various 
academic and social interests, acting 
as their leader, supplying a constant 
factor in the changing student group, 
and serving as counselor to groups 
and individuals." To be specific, some 
of the dean's duties are : Unifying the 
interests of the girls, directing as- 
sembly programs, assisting students 
to plan programs of study, interview- 
ing parents, helping to solve problems 
of personality, supervising social af- 
fairs and other outside activities, and 
creating interest in the choice of a 
career. To these duties the dean 
often adds organization and super- 
vision of student self-government. 
The latter duty has been most ably 
presented in the December, 1930, is- 
^p? ^^ '^^^' Journal of fhe National 
Educafion Association, by Mrs. Lil- 
lian K. Wyman, Adviser of Girls in 
Hilliam Pcnn High School of Phila- 
delphia. Another excellent article 
dealing with the philosophv of the 
dean's work— "Dean and Deaning"— 
^•as contributed bv Sister M. Im- 
ni«eulata of Marywood College to the 
•June issue of Pennsylvania School 
•Journal 

-Mention has previouslv been made 
Of the interest of the National Asso- 
ciation of Deans of AVomen in pro- 
nilJting deans' work in high schools, 
inis organization in the past two 
.ears has rendered valuable service 
nrough its Committee on the Selec- 
"on and Qualifications of the High 
do Ki ^^''"- Pennsylvania has a 
Z^uole representation on this commit- 
'^^ in the persons of Miss Thyrsa W. 



Amos, Dean of Women at the Uni- 
versity of Pittsburgh, and Dr. Edward 
liynearson, Director of Vocational 
Guidance in Pittsburgh High Schools. 

Those interested in this subject may 
inquire which cities of our state have 
provided deans as members of the 
high school faculties. A few of these 
are as follows: Abington, Altoona, 
Clearfield, Coatesville, Connellsville, 
Elkins Park, Jenkintown, Lewisburg, 
Lower Merion, Midland, Nesquehon- 
ing, Pottsville, West Chester, Wilkes- 
Barre, Wilkinsburg and York. 

In addition to these the school dis- 
tricts of Pittsburgh and Philadelphia 
have advisers in some of their high 
schools, while numerous other places 
have such a department established 
though sometimes without a definite 
title for the person in charge. A 
study conducted three years ago by 
Miss Margaret MacDonald, Dean of 
Girls in Elkins Park High School, re- 
vealed forty-four women in such a 
position in the high schools of Penn- 
sylvania, and since that time the num- 
ber has been growing. 

In the belief that direct contact 
with schools having such work is the 
most convincing proof of its success, 
the writer urges those interested to 
see what special advantages come to 
the students in those high schools 
having the services of a dean. If 
someone should inquire, "Why over- 
look the boys in this progressive move- 
ment ?" let it be said that in many 
cases the dean of girls cooperates with 
faculty in the guidance of boys' activi- 
ties, while other very progressive 
schools have gone a step farther and 
have provided also a dean of boys. 

In his "Education for a Changing 
Civilization," Dr. Kilpatrick of Co- 
lumbia, insists that we cannot main- 
tain our equilibrium unless we keep 
moving, and cites the example of the 
bicycle which cannot remain upright 
except while moving. In the field of 
education we are obliged to continue 
moving rapidly if we wish the chil- 
dren of to-day to have the best train- 
ing that the schools can possibly give. 
A dean of girls helps greatly in this 
training. Charix)tte I. Ray. 

State College, Pa. 



The meeting of Kimberton Grange 
on Tuesday, July 28th, was featured 
by an interesting program prepared 
by Ceres Pomona and Flora — Mrs. 
Jjeon Hartman, Edith Gyger and 
Kathryn Miller, respectively. The 
following numbers were rendered 
most effectively and received with 
much appreciation. 

One minute talk each by Mrs. Fred 
Miller and Esther March on "My 
Favorite P'ruit Salad and How I Pre- 
pare It?" Mrs. Miller gave a recipe 
of a delicious pineapple salad she 
serves frequently in her home. A 
half of banana is placed in the center 
of the pineapple ring and a fruit 
juice mayonnaise poured over it when 
ready to serve. Mix and bring to the 
boiling point % cupful pineapple 
juice, 1/4 cupful sugar, 2 teaspoonfuls 
lemon juice. Then add 1 tablespoon- 
ful cornstarch and 2 well-beaten yolks 
of eggs. Stir constantly until creamy, 
pour into well-beaten yolks and when 
cool add 1 cupful of whipped cream. 
A good dressing is essential for all 
salads. 

Miss March told of a banana, 
cherry, and pineapple salad with a 
boiled mayonnaise dressing served on 
crisp lettuce leaves. 

Reading — "A Package of Seeds," 
one of p]dgar Guest's poems, by Ruth 
Twaddell. Vocal solo— "You'll Get 
Heaps of Lickin's," by Benjamin 
Woodland. 

Piano solos — "Allegretto Move- 
ment, Sonota in G Minor," by Bee- 



thoven, and "Morceau Characteris- 
tics," by Wallenhaupt, given by 
Charles Swier. After considerable 
applause there followed a general dis- 
cussion on "Rock Gardens." 

The majority of the members 
thought rock gardens required less 
attention than other flower gardens 
and they were worth the effort. One 
of the members had one hundred and 
sixteen varieties of plants in her rock 
garden, and was adding more each 
year. She has blooms of some kind 
each month from May until latter 
part of November. 

"Story of Ceres" was read by Mrs. 
Morria Tyson, followed by a beauti- 
ful poem "Boys and Girls on the 
Farm," as compared to the crops 
grown on the farm — given by Mrs. 
Fred Deininger. Vocal solos — "By 
the Waters of Minnetonka," and 
"Song of the Thrush," by Mrs. Albert 
Eaches. 

At the conclusion of this excellent 
program a corn game was played by 
all present. Mrs. Fred Miller captur- 
ing the prize. In keeping with Ceres 
and Pomona pop corn and apples were 
served for refreshments and the 
flowers representing Flora Station 
were given to the sick. 



Did you know there is an outdoor 
good Manners Club? 

They pay no dues but give the out- 
doors its due. They preserve wild 
flowers and trees. They leave a clean 
camp and dead fire. They resent the 
unsightly roadside billboard. Help 
this club by registering your support 
of these ideals by sending your name 
to The American Nature Association, 
Washington, D. C. 

"I love thy rocks — and rills. Thy 
woods — and templed hills." 



The H. E. Committee of the Na- 
tional Grange have endorsed the 
movement to abolish billboards from 
our highways — your state H. E. Com- 
mittee urges the grangers of our state 
to help keep America beautiful and 
protect our country against whatever 
tends to spoil the beauty of the great 
outdoors. 



For Good Luck 

"Measure your butter and sugar 
and milk. Measure your wrinkles, 
your runs and your silk. Frowns, 
fears and fancies — but Heaven above 
if you would be lucky — don't meas- 
ure your love." 



Chocolate Delight 

Melt ^2 cupful sweet chocolate over 
hot water, and when cooled slightly 
stir in 2 beaten egg yolks, ^/^ cupful 
milk and 2 stifily beaten egg whites. 
Break stale cookies or cake in small 
pieces, using 4 cupfuls of the crumbs, 
put in a mold and pour the chocolate 
mixture over them and set in the re- 
frigerator or any cool place for a few 
hours. Serve with whipped cream. 
Easy to make and very nice. 



HOW WE SPEND OUR MONEY 

According to the American Educa- 
tion Digest we spend yearlv for autos 
—^3,500,000,000, tobacco— $2,000,000,- 
000, candy— $1,000,000,000, soft drinks 
—$750,000,000, church— $469,000,000. 
Our dollars are spent as follows : Liv- 
ing — 24 cents, luxuries — 22 cents, 
cents, investments — 11 cents, crime — 
SVu cents, government — iV^ cents, 
schools — IV2 cents, churches — % 
waste — 14 cents, miscellaneous — 13% 
cents. 



WHY CHILDREN WISH 

TO LEAVE SCHOOL 

By Dr. James L. Tower 

Psychiatrist, Department of Mental 
Hygiene State of New York 

Due to our modern school system, 
an education is within the reach of 
practically every child in New York 
State. The average child realizes the 
value of an education as a prepara- 
tion for adult life, and progresses 
through his classes according to his 
ability. He may merely complete the 
grades and he may go on to high 
school or college. 

A certain percentage, however, in 
spite of the obvious advantages which 
an education affords, wish to leave 
school before they have completed the 
required grades or reached the limit 
of their academic ability. Many fac- 
tors enter into this situation and each 
case require careful analysis. 

Many a pupil is adaptable, and ca- 
pable, both physically and mentally, 
of earning a living and getting along 
well in the world but has not the type 
of mind which absorbs and retains 
formal school instruction. Some chil- 
dren have mechanical and manual 
ability which, if developed, would 
make them successful and valuable 
members of the community. However, 
if such children find difficulty in their 
school work they are bound to become 
dissatisfied and will try to escape by 
every means in their power from situ- 
ations which are painful or distaste- 
ful to them. This often results in 
truancy which too often has been 
treated by threats and punishment 
without any attempt being made to 
learn the reasons or motives prompt- 
ing the act. 

The physical development of chil- 
dren cannot be standardized. Some at 
14 years of age are in every way men 
or women with mature interests and 
strong urges which cannot find satis- 
factory expression in the formal aca- 
demic work of the grades or junior 
high school. Others are immature in 
appearance, amenable to the routine 
of school and discipline of the teacher, 
of good intelligence and naturally of 
the student type. These latter chil- 
dren cause little difficulty in school, 
but the rapidly developing children 
are very apt to be problems of be- 
havior and their school careers are 
likely to be terminated at the earliest 
possible moment, unless their home 
training and their own intelligence 
give them a definite reason or incen- 
tive for further study. 

Economic pressure is also a factor 
in causing children to leave school. 
Particularly is this seen in the chil- 
dren of parents working in factories 
or on farms. But economic necessity 
is often urged as an excuse when the 
real reason lies either in the child's 
dissatisfaction with school or because 
of undue or excessive attachments to 
other members of the family. 

Whatever the cause, each case 
should be considered on its merit. If 
a child cannot or will not learn in 
school, if the school cannot provide 
him with the practical education he 
needs, or if continuance in school will 
react unfavorably upon his ability to 
adapt himself to the community, it is 
sometimes advisable to encourage him 
to leave school as soon as consistent 
with the educational law. On the 
other hand, the pupil who shows prom- 
ise of being capable of higher cfduca- 
tion and whose usefulness will be in- 
creased thereby, should be encouraged 
in every way to continue. 



Dimple: A lump inside out.- 
Carolina Buccaneer. 



"I guess I've lost another pupil," 
said the professor as his glass eye 
rolled down the kitchen sink. — Cor- 
nell Widow. 



Page 12 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



September, 193| 



Among the Granges 



Activities of the Order in Various Localities 



G. D. Eldred, Master of Spring 
Creek Grange, Warren County, writes 
that his Grange has initiated nine 
candidates this year and have a class 
of three for September. Almost one 
for each officer. If money wasn't so 
close we could get a class every two 
or three months. 

H. A. McKee, Master of Buffalo 
Grange, Washington County, writes 
that they have ten applications on 
hand, and expect to get several more. 
This Grange has been very active 
during the year. 

A program consisting of nine proj- 
ects was adopted, and all but one has 
been completed. We are having a one 
act play at each meeting in place of 
the literary program. A new coach 
and a new cast is used each meeting. 
This keeps the young people inter- 
ested and gives all an opportunity to 
take part. 

The Worthy Secretary of Honey 
Brook Township Grange, Chester 
County, writes that they have five ap- 
plications on hand and several more 
are promised for the next meeting. 

This makes a total of seventeen for 
the year, and an effort is being made 
to raise it to twenty-five before the 
Grange year closes. We are having 
splendid meetings and the best attend- 
ance in several years. 

L. S. Hay, Master Hickory Grange, 
Clearfield County, writes he has 
twelve applications and still working 
for more. 

Mrs. Mary S. Kirk, Secretary of 
Freemont Grange, Chester County, 
writes they have five applications and 
working hard for more. Hope to have 
one for each officer before the year 
closes. 

Mrs. Vina Woodard, Secretary of 
Beaver Grange, Crawford County, 
writes they have five applications and 
working. 

Vernon E. Carr, our Worthy Gate- 
keeper, has reorganized Ridge Grange 
with thirty-one members. This is the 
second oldest Grange in Jefferson 
County, being organized July 1, 1875. 
The charter bears the names of O. H. 
Kelley, the first National Secretary 
and founder of the Order, and D. B. 
Manges, the first State Master. 

Brother Ed A. Murry presented the 
Grange with a beautiful flag and 
Brother Carr a large sign, bearing the 
name and number of the Grange. 

M. A. Spleen, our Worthy Steward, 
writes that he has reorganized a 
Grange in Forest County and has a 
good start towards a second one, as 
well as a live prospect for a new 
Grange. We wish him success and 
hope to be able to tell you about it in 
the next issue. 

H. J. Rice, Master of McKean Po- 
mona, writes that the next meeting 
will be held with Lafayette Grange, 





WB MAKB 

Regulation 
Otncert* Regalia 

FOR 

JUVENILE. SUBORDINATE, 

POMONA AND STATE 

GRANGES. 

REGULATION BADGES. PAST 
MASTER'S JEWELS. ETC. 
Wnt0 for Oirouiar No. Hi 

Fofler Regafia & Costmne Company, 

12 HIGH STREET. WORCESTER. MASS, 

Oldest Grange Hotue—E»tabU$hed 1885 



Wednesday, October 14th. The 
Worthy State Master will be present 
and read the code. 

All masters, deputies are requested 
to be in attendance and be ready to 
ask questions relative to their work. 
The Home Economics Committee will 
have charge of the evening program. 
All Patrons are urged to attend this 
session. 

Spencertown Grange, Tioga Coun- 
ty, took seventeen candidates to Cov- 
ington Boro Grange, July 21st, for 
the first and second degrees. 

August 3d, the Covington Boro 
team visited Spencertown Grange and 
conferred the third and fourth degrees 
on a class of twenty. 

July 23d, the same team went to 
Sebring Grange, Tioga County, and 
conferred the third and fourth de- 
grees on a class of eleven. This team 
is doing some splendid work and is a 
splendid example of what young peo- 
ple can do, and how to interest them 
in Grange work. 

Tioga County has a number of 
teams that are doing excellent work 
and a decided increase in member- 
ship has resulted from their efforts. 



REFOBT OF POMONA GRANGE 

HELD AT BEEWINDALE 

Pomona Grange laid aside it's cus- 
tom of holding the summer session on 
the Thursday nearest the smiling face 
of the full o' the August moon and on 
August 6th about two hundred Grang- 
ers hied their way to Berwindale 
where the meetings were held in se- 
cret and open style. 

The morning session was the reg- 
ular business meeting of the Pomona 
Grange and convened in the Red 
Man's Hall. 

The Pomona Program called for a 
"Basket Dinner" but this feature was 
largely supplemented by the gener- 
osity and hospitality of the good peo- 
ple of Jordan Grange, who furnished 
chicken and noodles, mashed potatoes, 
vegetables, cakes, pies, coffee, lemon- 
ade and all that goes with a genuine 
"dollar dinner" at a superior hotel. 
These good Grangers continued their 
generosity by serving in the evening a 
buffet lunch topped-off by a prewar 
portion of homemade ice cream for 
every one of their guests. This year 
is the Golden Anniversary of Jordan 
Grange and they certainly deserve 
three cheers for their splendid cooper- 
ation. 

The afternoon session was open to 
all and it assembled in Mariposa 
Park. The program was opened by 
singing "America," then followed the 
most important feature of the day, an 
address by James M. Rule, tate Su- 
address by James M. Rule, State Su- 
Subject — "Adequate Educational Op- 
portunities for Rural Children." Dr. 
Rule did not stress the subject named, 
a subject which should be dear to the 
heart of every ruralite, but he did talk 
upon the equalization of taxation, 
which would be a desirable end. 

Dr. Rule's address was followed by 
talks on "The Granger's Shorter 
Course," "Plans in the Home," by an 
excellent rendition of Sally Ann's Ex- 
perience by Dorothy Haley, and by 
other readings and talks. The pro- 
gram was interspersed with group 
singing and everyone joined in the 
choruses. One song was set to the 
tune of Yankee Doodle and went in 
part "The farmers of America, in 



earnest indignation are calling on the 
government to equalize taxation. 

If mother needs a frying pan, the 
tariff makes her hollar 

She pays one dollar for a dish for 
tariff one more dollar! 

If father runs his tractor plow, the 
gas tax must be paid for 

To get the roads and boulevards for 
the rich folks they were made 
fori 

Chorus : 

Equalize the tariff walls, equalize tax- 
ation 

Equal schools and equal rights, for all 
folks in the nation. 

And another spirited tune was "Keep 

the Home Folks Singing": 

They are singing in each farmhouse; 

They are singing by the plow 
In the Granges they are singing. 

Songs of country life right now. 
Let your voice join in the chorus, 

As the swift days roll along. 
When you're working, playing, resting 

— Why not sing a cheery song? 
Keep the farm folks singing, happy 

voices ringing 
Tho' we meet but twice a month, let's 

sing each night 
Glad as bees in clover, when the long 

day's over 
Music sounds indoors and out, for all 

sing at home. 

Then entertainment of the night 
session was given in Mariposa Park 
so that visitors as well as Grangers 
could enjoy it. A good share of local 
talent took part and made it a very 
fine entertainment. 

The final part was the initiation of 
a class of twenty-six members in the 
fifth degree. 

The men, women, and children of 
Berwindale all worked together to 
make this a pleasant gathering and 
they deserve our thanks and apprecia- 
tion. Mrs. Mary T. Smith. 

Leconfer Mills, Pa. 



RESOLUTIONS OF 

FENN GRANGE NO. 534 



To Be Forwarded to Clearfield Coun- 
ty Pomona Grange and Pennsylvania 
State Grange 

Presented by T. L. Wall 

Chairman Legislative Committees of 

Penn Grange and Clearfield County 

Pomona 

1. Whereas, In spite of all the "up- 
lift" plans that have been tried farm 
products are lower in average price, 
as computed by the U. S. Department 
of Agriculture than at anytime since 
before 1910, making the value of the 
farmer's dollar in the articles he has 
to buy only 61 cents; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we demand that the 
prices of other products and services 
be put upon an equality with that of 
farm products in order that our dol- 
lar's worth of product and labor may 
be placed upon an equality with that 
of other products and services, so that 
we may, by selling what we produce 
be enabled to buy what we need. 

2. Whereas, Our local assessment 
and taxation system is admitted to be 
a hit and miss affair, — hitting the 
party least able to pay and missing 
the party most able and entitled to 
pay; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we demand that all 
local taxation be levied equally by as- 
sessment on income value of real es- 
tate, on evidences of investment and 
on occupations. 

3. Whereas, There has come to be 
a disposition on the part of many peo- 
ple to consider political office rather 
as an opportunity for private gain 
than as a public trust. The fact that 



this point of view has come to be some- 
what common only very gradually 
makes it none the less dangerous to 
democratic government. We need 
fewer public officials and employees 
and more efficient service; therefore 
be it 

Resolved, That we demand that all 
elected officers, in so far as possible, 
do all the work of the office and not 
employ clerks at public expense to do 
the work they are elected to perform, 
while themselves conducting their own 
private, outside, business. Also that 
public officials or employees should 
not receive higher salaries or wages 
nor work shorter hours than is de- 
manded or required of officials or em- 
ployees of private businesses of a like 
character, nor should any political 
boss dictate who shall and who shall 
not have jobs of work. 

4. Resolved, That all children, in 
all parts of the State are entitled to 
equality of educational opportunity, 
and that to secure this for them all 
the wealth of the State must be made 
to contribute equally; and 

Resolved, That laws to put this long 
delayed act of justice into full force 
and effect should be passed at the very 
next meeting of the Legislature. 

5. Whereas, It is quite generally 
admitted by those in a position to 
know, from the President down, that 
our present social and financial col- 
lapse is due in great measure to the 
aftermath of the last war; and yet 



September, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 13 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 

OP EVERY DESCRIPTION 
THE RECOGNIZED STANDARD EVERYWHERE 

REGALIA » BADGES » EMBLEMS 

TOOLS. FLAGS. LABOR SAVING BOOKS 
SEND FOR CATALOGUE 

C. J. BAINBRIDGE, SYRACUSE, N. Y. 



ENTERTAINMENTS 

-FOR YOUR GRANGE— 

Our Loo«e-Lraf Plays and Recitations are uaed by 
thoiuancU of Granges. lOc each, or 12 (or $1.00. 

Our New "LIVE WIRE STUNT BOOK" (60r.) will 
fit in nicely with youi Grange programs. 

Send for Free catalogue*. 

Tk« Willu N. Bvfbcc Co.. D«pl. £.. SyracsM. N. T. 



THE BOSTON REGALIA CO 

Grange Supplies 
Officers' Sashes 




p 



Members* Badsea. Subordfner 
No. 4. Reversible, 45 cent* each 

Pomona Badges, No.l4, R***** 
Ible 55 cents each. 

No. 650 U. S. ^Vool Bun- 
ting Flag, 3x5 ft. Mounted 
with Eagle and Stand, 96JiO 
Printed Silk Flag. 3x5 ft.. Mounted 
as above. •10.00. Printed Silk Pl*« 
4x6 ft.. Mounted as above. tlS-OO, 

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tS.OO to 920.00 

PINS BUTTONS R1N*» 

Ssnd for our prices before yu bo^ 

BOSTON REGALIA Ca 
•3 SUMMER STREET BOSTON. MASft^ 



BEST GRANGE PROGRAMS 

The following numbers are worth 

your consideration : 

Live Programs for the Lecture Hour. 
Ry .las. Rowe. Here Is just the stun 
that will put pep into your Grange. 

Grange Pep Songs. By .las. Rowe. 
Rousing songs set to familiar tunes. 
Just brimming over with optimism, 
inspiration, loyalty and good fellow- 
ship. 35 cents each, $3.00 per dozen. 

Bright Ideas for Orange Lecturer! 
(Revised edition). 40 rents. And 
then — we want you to get acquainted 
with our "Fellowship Books." Cata- 
logrue Free. 
THE WILLIS N. BUGBEE CO. 
Dept. E, Syracuse, N. Y. 



the world has greater armies and 
navies in time of peace and is using 
a greater proportion of its income for 
potential war than ever before, while 
the contribution of the United States, 
—$730,000,000 — is the greatest of all 
the nations; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we earnestly protest 
against this terrible waste of our re- 
sources in war preparation at a time 
when taxation is almost too onerous 
to be born, when many people are 
suffering for the necessaries of life as 
they now are, and when the Nation's 
deficit is nearly a thousand million 
dollars. 

S. L. Kester, Master, 
Cora E. Walker, Secretary. 

Approved by Penn Grange No. 534. 
August 14, 131. 



YORK POMONA 



York County Pomona, No. 40, met 
with Eureka Grange, of Dillsburg, in 
two very interesting sessions on Sat- 
urday, August 8, 1931. 

The afternoon session was open to 
the public. Several musical selections 
were rendered by a very capable or- 
chestra. Hon, Harry L. Haines, Con- 
gressman of the York-Adams District, 
made a very interesting and instruc- 
tive talk on Child Character Building. 
He showed that the training of the 
child should begin in the home rather 
than in the school. 

Cornet duets were well rendered by 
Robert and Mary Brown, of Fawn 
Grove Grange. Stunts by the differ- 
ent Subordinate Granges received 
much attention. 

The evening session consisted of 
business, and the Fifth Degree was 
most excellently conferred upon a 
class of seven candidates b.v the De- 
gree Team of Valley Grange, under 
the direction of Brother John T. Si- 
del. All partook of abundant refresh- 
ments, served by Eureka Grange 
acting as host, and all returned to 
their homes having enjoyed them- 
selves very much and having attend- 
ed a long to be remembered Pomona 
meeting. 



PAST MASTER'S NIGHT 

On July 24, 1931, the Past Masters 
Assn. of Brandywine Grange enter- 
tained their Grange with a most en- 
joyable program which had been ar- 
ranged by Mr. and Mrs. Chas. C. 
Townsend, Mr. and Mrs. John Strick- 
land and Mr. and Mrs. Walter Paint- 
er. 

The hall was crowded as the Past 
blasters had made it a rally night, 
their object being to have a hundred 
per cent attendance and all members 
in good standing. 

Mrs. Chas. C. Rankin had writteft a 
fk^^Ti ^velcome, which was sung bv 
the Past Masters and their wives. 

l-r. Chas. C. Rankin gave an inter- 
esting talk on the thirteen Past Mas- 




FAIGLEY'S 

KAMALA 

NICOTINE 

COMBINATION 

WORM TABLETS 

FOE CHICKENS AND TURKEYS 

Wo^.^^ Tablet contains Kamaia and 
Wnr^°^ that Itill Tape and Round 

Mnn '" poultry, 
poultr ^^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ breeders of 

mnu^ Y?^^® °'* guess work. Does not 
make birds sick. 

n- K^J^^^i^' ^1' 100. $1.75; 200. 

Po^^n^;.'^*^"'^"''^ • I'OO"- $12. 
andT^* " and guaranteed. Dealers 
""a agents wanted. 

PAIGLET MINERAL CO., 
^^•r Are., LANCASTER. OHIO 



ters of the National Grange, dwelling 
on the fine characters of these stalwart 
men, of whom the organization should 
be extremely proud. 

A short play followed, "The Mere- 
dith's Entertain," the players all be- 
ing Past Masters and their wives. 

Samuel P. Cloud spoke on what the 
bankers generally thought in regard 
to the Hoover Moratorium, he felt the 
people should not expect to swing in 
a few days from depression to i)ros- 
perity. 

A clog dance, piano trio and duet 
with appropriate songs added to the 
program which ended with a tribute 
to the Masters who have passed on. 
This was in verse by Mrs. Chas. C. 
Rankin telling of the early days of 
the Grange when it met in Allerton 
Hall and of its subsequent growth and 
prosperity as follows: 

There's a thought in my heart tonight 

Of the Grange of long ago, 
Of the meetings held in the old spring 
house, 

In Capt. Chas. Roberts' meadow. 

ft 

There were always a faithful few 
To keep the Grange running along, 

And the meetings were enjoyed by all. 
In business, recitations and song. 

The seed they have sown has blossomed 
until 
You now see the Grange Hall, on Scon- 
neltown Hill ; 
And many there are, who are with us to- 
day, 
Who think of those pioneers, as far, 
far away. 

They are not far away, but in spirit they 
are here, 
And if we listen carefully, I'm sure 
that we can hear 
Their voices blending in one glorious re- 
frain. 
The Grange shall prosper from Cali- 
fornia to Maine. 



LETTERS OF APPRECIATION 

Mansfield, Pa. 
Dear Brother Dorsett: 

The communication received from 
you a few days ago was read at the 
meeting of our Grange on Monday 
morning, and I as secretary was in- 
structed to write to you, and tell you 
we agree with you most heartily that 
we do not need any extra farm organ- 
ization. Our Grange is 260 strong 
and will work for more. Our farmers 
are in hard luck with wheat from 42 
to 45c and potatoes 45c per bushel. 
Fraternally yours, 

Anna J. Gregg. 



July 20, 1931. 
John H. Light, Sec, 
Harrisburg, Pa. 

Dear Brother: 

Resolved, That Ephrata Grange, 
No. 1815, P. of H. emphatically con- 
demns and opposes any attempt to 
organize another state-wide farm 
organization in Pennsylvania. 
Fraternally, 

Marie Uibel, Sec. 
Reamstown, Pa. 



Beaver Falls, Pa. 
Worthy Master: 

Our Grange, North Sewickley No. 
1566 P. of H. has instructed the writer 
to advise you that we are absolutely 
back of your movement as stated in 
your letter of July 10th. 

Fraternally yours, 
Chas. W. Krepps, Secy. 

Leighton, Pa. 
Aug. 13, 1931. 
Mr. E. B. Dorsett, 

Worthy Master: 

Your communication of July 10th, 
relative to the formation of another 



state-wide farm organization, was re- 
ceived some time ago and was read be- 
fore the Grange. This letter, by di- 
rection of Friendship Grange No. 
1799, is to inform you that this 
Grange stands united in opposing the 
formation of such an organization 
and it is our contention that the State 
Grange as a body should do likewise. 
Fraternally yours. 
Garret A. Kershner, Sec. 



West Chester, Pa., Aug. 4, 1931. 
Worthy Master Dorsett: 

In reply to your letter to Granges 
under date July 10th, Marshallton 
Grange, No. 1394, Chester County, 
wish to go on record as heartily agree- 
ing with your wishes and we are ready 
to stand back of you at all times in 
the stand you are taking. We are 
planning to initiate a class in Sep- 
tember. 

Fraternally, 
Mrs. Geo. R. Hickman, 
Secretary of Marshallton Grange, 
No. 139Jf, 

West Chester, R. D. 5, Pa. 



MoNACA, Pa., Aug. 17, 1931. 

Mr. E. B. Dorsett, 
Mansfield, Penna. 

Dear Worthy Master: 

Center Grange has directed me to 
write to you and let you know that 
we are with you in opposing another 
farm organization. At the present 
time we have a class of 22 ready for 
initiation. 

Fraternally yours, 
Margaret S. Meany, Secretary, 

Monoca, Penna. 

Editor. — The above are only a few 
of many letters received. I wish we 
could publish all of them, but space 
will not permit. I wish to thank the 
Granges for the loyal support^ given 
and for your words of appreciation. 
It is both encouraging and inspiring 
to know that you have the support of 
your membershii). 



GRANGE MOTHER HONORED 

At a recent meeting of the West 
Boylston, Mass., Grange, a beautiful 
bouquet was presented to Mrs. Anna 
A. Keith, in recognition of the fact 
that she is the mother of three past 
masters of that grange, has been treas- 
urer of that grange for twelve years, 
seldom missing a meeting, not having 
missed a single session in the past six 
years. She has been a member of the 
Patrons of Husbandry for forty-nine 
years, and is also a Gold Star mother. 



A college president says that col- 
lege graduates forget half of all they 
learn within six months after com- 
mencement. We didn't know they 
learned that much. 



PENNSYLVANIA LEADS IN 
NUMBER OF DELEGATES 
ATTENDING MIDDLE 
ATLANTIC CONFERENCE 

More than 500 delegates attend the 
Fifth Annual Session of the Middle 
Atlantic Conference held at the Uni- 
versity of Maryland. 

The 1931 Middle Atlantic Confer- 
ence was pronounced by all in attend- 
ance as one of the very best confer- 
ences ever held in the Atlantic States. 
One hundred sixty-two delegates reg- 
istered from Pennsylvania, which was 
the largest state delegation present, 
with New Jersey running second with 
134 delegates. Large delegations were 
present from New York, . Delaware, 
Maryland, Virginia and West Vir- 
ginia. Upon invitation, presented by 
David Agans, Master of New Jersey 
State Grange, it was agreed to hold 
the 1932 Middle Atlantic Conference 
at New Brunswick, New Jersey. 
Pennsylvania Patrons will eagerly 
look forward to attending this confer- 
ence. 




AREY 

Whereas, It has been the will of our 
heavenly Father in His Infinite wisdom to 
call to a higher life Brother Paul Arey, a 
member of Wyalusing Grange, No. 1965 : 
therefore be It 

Resolved, That we, the members, extend 
our sympathy to the bereaved family, drape 
our charter for thirty days, place these 
resolutions on our minutes, and publish 
same in the Grange News. 

Albert Crowl, 
G. C. Bruster, 
F. N. Wells, 

Committee^ 

J. B. EBEBHART 

Whereas, It has been the divine will of 
our heavenly Father to call from this life 
to the life beyond, J. B. Eberhart. an es- 
teemed member of Cler Grange, No. 1717 ; 
therefore be it 

Resolved, That we drape our charter for 
thirty days, a copy be sent to the family, 
also spread on the minutes of our Order 
and published in Grange News and local 
newspapers. 

V. E. Carr, 
Dallas Depp, 
Ira A. Smith. 

DTTHL 

Whereas, It has pleased our Heavenly 
Father to remove from our midst Brother 
Harry J. Duhl, be It 

Resolved, That we, the members of Chart- 
ervllle Grange No. 698, extend our heart- 
felt sympathy to the bereaved family. 

J. A. S. Bbiole, 
O. W. Nbvitt, 
Clayton Smith, 

C^.mTnittee. 

CORBETT 

Whereas, It has been the will of our 
Heavenly Father to so suddenly call from 
our midst Brother Paul S. Corbett. for whom 
our charter was draped for thirty days ; 
therefore, be It 

Resolved, That we, the members of Clover 
Juvenile Grange No. 40, extend our sym- 
pathy to the bereaved family, place these 
resolutions upon our minutes, send a copy 
to the family, and submit same for publi- 
cation in Grange News. 

Helbn Baxter, 
Clair Corbin, 
Pearl Corbin. 



MESSAGE 

It becomes viy sad duty to notify the officers and members of the Nation- 
al Grange, and Grange workers everywhere, of the tragic death of Brother 
Jesse S. Newsom of Columbus, Ind., Master of the Indiana State Grange 
His .mdden and untimely death occurred July S5th as a result of a fall from 
his barn roof. 

Brother Newsom was a successful farmer, an outstanding leader, a clear 
thinker, and a deep student of Agricultural affairs. His death will be a 
distinct loss to the Council of the National Grange and an irreparable loss 
to the Indiana State Grange. 

Officers and members of the National Grange extend deepest sympathy to 
Sister Newsom and her family in the great loss that has come into their 
lives. 

It is requested that every Grange in the State of Indiana drape its charter 
for at lea.st thirty days in memory of their departed leader, and that the 
Granges throughout the nation give proper recognition to the passing of a 
staunch defender of rural life. 

r, , , ^.. , ^' ^' Taber, Master, The National Grange. 

Columbus, Ohio, July SI, 1931. 



Page 14 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



September, 193^ 



Our Juvenile Granges 



Clara E. Dewey, Waterford 




Motto — Prepare in Happy Child- 
hood for Intelligent Manhood and 
Womanhood. 

Dear Juveniles: 

Well, vacation is over and I hope 
you all had a very pleasant time. 
Kow you are back in school again, 
full of vim and energy and ready to 
start in on the year's work. 

I am sure you have many an inter- 
esting thing about which you could 
write for our page. There must have 
been picnics, camping experiences, 
any number of good times which we 
would like to hear about. So let the 
letters come right in as fast as they 
can. The more the merrier, you know. 
The mailman who carries our mail is 
good-natured and will not mind if he 
has to have an extra bag in which to 
carry them. Clara Dewey. 

Helen Hunt Jackson gives us this 
pretty pc)em for September. 

The goldeurod is yellow, 
The corn is turning brown, 

The trees in apple orchards 
With fruit are bending down. 

By all these lovely tokens 
September days are here, 

With summer's best of wealth 
And Autumn's best of cheer. 

What are the things that make us 
know that Autumn is coming? Could 
we use that for a roll call in one of 
our meetings^ Let's have a game by 
shutting our eyes and making a pic- 
ture in our minds of something in 
Autumn and then describing it. Here 
^re some things to think about. 

A field of goldenrod. 

A cornfield. 

An apple orchard. 

A flock of birds flying south. 

How many more can you think of? 

Also a debate: Resolved, That 
school days are better than vacation 
days. 

Goodbye, goodbye to summer! 

For summer's nearly done; 
The garden's smiling faintly, 

Cool breezes in the sun; 
Our thrushes now are silent, 
But Robin 's here in coat of brown, 
W5th ruddy breast-knot gay. 
Robin, Robin, Redbreast, 

O Robin dear! 
Robin singing sweetly 

In the falling of the year. 

— WQlUim Allingham. 

How many of you have seen Robin 
lately ? 

How about our Matron's Library? 
A book of plays, a book of games, and 
stunts, the book "When Mother Lets 
Us Make Candy." Who else has a 
suggestion ? 

The Master of the West Green Sub- 
ordinate Grange and the Master of 
their Juvenile Grange are Father and 
Son. 

How many other fathers and sons 
are Masters? I would like to know 
how many Granges have this distinc- 
tion. Send in your names, pictures 
too if you will. 

Another thing I would like to know 
is — what is the project your Juvenile 
Grange is trying to carry out this 
year? 

Maybe we will have some contests. 
Wouldn't that be nice? It might be 
on best programs, best projects, some 
essays, or something you have done or 
can do. Will try to tell you in the 
next month's page. If we have one I 



hope you will see that your Grange is 
in it. 

Did any of you make candy from 
our last month's recipes? Here are 
some more. 

Penoche 

2 cupfuls of brown sugar 
V2 cupful milk 
V2 cupful pecan nuts 

1 tablespoonful butter 

1 teaspoonful of vanilla. 

Put the sugar and milk into a sauce 
pan over the fire and stir until the 
sugar dissolves. Let it boil, stirring 
only now and then to keep it from 
sticking. After boiling ten minutes, 
test it. If it forms a soft ball, take it 
from the fire. Stir in butter and 
vanilla, also chopped nut meats. Beat 
till it begins to grain around the 
edges, or about six minutes. Drop 
from a teaspoon on buttered platter. 

Maple Penoche 

2 cupfuls granulated sugar 
Ms cupful milk 

1 tablespoonful butter 
Va cupful of pecan nut meats 
1 teaspoonful of maple flavoring. 
Make same as above. 

Peanut Penoche is made the same 
as the Penoche recipe above only omit 
nut meats and add 2 tablespoonfuls of 
peanut butter. 

If you wish to make a double brown 
fudge make plain fudge, spread in 
pan to cool. Make plain Penoche as 
above and pour over the fudge. When 
cool mark into squares. 

We will have some more fudge rec- 
ipe's next month. Did you know there 
were so many fudges? I didn't. 

School Lunches 

Now that school has started, let's 
think about that lunch we must carry. 
What should it contain? We are told 
it should contain milk, sandwiches, 
fruits and vegetables, fat, and a sweet 
of some kind. 

Why do we need these and how 
shall we supply them? 

Milk — We need milk to provide 
energy, muscle building and to make 
us grow and keep well. This we can 
get by carrying the raw milk, hot 
cocoa or creamed soups. 

Sandwiches for energy and muscle- 
building foods. These can be varied 
by having whole wheat, graham, rye 
and oatmeal bread. There are so 
many kinds of sandwiches. I will 
mention just a few. Meat such as 
chicken, ham, beef, bacon, fish. 

Cheese, such as cottage cheese and 
nuts, cheese and olives. Then there 
are egg sandwiches. 

Fruits and vegetables supply min- 
erals and vitamins. These include 
any fruit, celery, beans, creamed veg- 
etables as potatoes, carrots, peas, cab- 
bage, onions, etc. Also escalloped 
vegetables and salads. 

Fat comes in the form of butter. 

A sweet to supply energy in a 
quickly available form. This can be 
in the form of cookies, simple cakes 
or fruit. Perhaps a little pure candy 
as a special treat once in a while. 

Sandwiches could be sweet as jelly, 
jam, conserves or marmalades. 

Stewed prunes, chopped dates, figs 
or raisins combined with nuts or 
lemon juice. 

Vegetable fillings are nice in sand- 
wiches, too. There are fillings of 
onion, celery, tomato, cucumber and 
lettuce. 



Honor Granges 

A letter from Mrs. Susan Freestone, 
the National Juvenile Superintend- 
ent, asks that we stress becoming 
Honor Granges. She urges all Ma- 
trons to have the children commit 
their charges and parts, to work to 
some goal, to make degree work im- 
pressive, to put on good, worth-while 
programs, to teach the children to 
pay their dues promptly. 

If your Grange becomes an Honor 
Grange, a certificate will be sent that 
can be framed and hung in your hall. 

Points Necessary to Become an 
Honor Grange 

1. Officers commit to memory open- 
ing and closing ceremony. 

2. All officers and members over 
eight years of age must commit to 
memory the Juvenile pledge. 

3. The Juvenile Grange must have 
initiated a class of candidates in full 
form. 

4. Must have made a net gain in 
membership or have graduated a class 
into the Subordinate Grange. 

5. Have had a worth-while program 
at every meeting except installation, 
initiation, and election meetings. 

6. Quarterly dues must be paid 
promptly to the State Secretary. 

7. Must have performed some piece 
of community work. 

Write to the National Grange Sec- 
retary, Mr. Harry A. Caton, Coshoc- 
ton, Ohio, or to Mrs. Susan Freestone, 
Interlaken, N. Y., for blank to fill out. 

A Trip to Cooperstown 

One day this summer, I went with 
a party of friends to visit Coopers- 



town in New York. It is a very pret. 
ty little town, nestling on the banks 
of Otsego Lake. It was founded by 
William Cooper away back in 1798. 
How many of you ever read "The 
Leather Stocking Tales" ? They were 
written by James Fenimore Cooper 
and he was a son of William Cooper. 
The scene of these stories was in this 
lake region of which Otsego Lake is 
a part. This lake was the scene of 
"The Last of the Mohicans," which 
is one of the Tales. 

Otsego Lake is a beautiful lake and 
it is the "Glimmer Glass" described 
in the book. A little steamer carries 
passengers around the lake. It is 
called Mohican. 

The old cemetery there is one of the 
places of interest. There are queer 
looking headstones and vaults with 
the oddest inscriptions on them. The 
Coopers are buried in one large plot. 

The cemetery surrounds the church 
which is Episcopal. We went inside, 
sat in the Cooper pew, and saw the 
original Bible which was used in the 
church. There is a notice near the 
door which says that men must not 
wear their hats when they enter this 
church and women must not enter 
without theirs on. 

The house where James Fenimore 
Cooper was born was burned down 
but the grounds have been made into 
a lovely park and on the site of the 
house stands a huge boulder on top 
of which is the figure of an Indian 
hunter and his dog. 

I think after seeing this place I will 
read "The Last of the Mohicans" 
again and I know I will enjoy it much 
more than before. C. E. D. 



Classified Department 



FOR SALE 



FOR SALE — Home Grown Clovers, Tlm- 
othy Seed, Wheat, and all other Seeds. U. J. 
Cover Seed Company, Mt. GUead, Ohio. 



LIVE STOCK 



WHEN YOUR COW DOES NOT BREED— 

Why wait any longer? Try "Cowtone" 30 
minutes before service. Many satiatted cus- 
tomers. (Smallest package, $1.70 for 2 
cows; $4.90 for 8 cows.) Woodlawn Farm, 
Llnesvllle, Pennsylvania, Route No. 2, 
Box^86B^ 

60 CHOICE HEREFORD COWS with 
calves. Also bred back to calf March 1, 1932, 
to the best registered bulls in the country. 
Will cost $115 per head and will sell In lots 
to suit purchaser. Located 2 miles north 
Waldo, Ohio, on State Route 98. Frank 
RU8H, Marion, Ohio, Route 5. 

HERFORD CALVES AND YEARLINGS 

FOR BALE — Three hundred head extra good 
steer and heifer calves and yearlings ; have 
been well wintered, weigh from three to five 
hundred pounds. Cheap. If Interested, come, 
or wire, as they won't last long at the 
price. Located one mile south of HUlsboro, 
Ohio, on State Route 38^ Henry Dunlap. 

BUY CANADIAN-BRED HOLBTEIN COWS 
and heifers freshening this spring. Ad- 
vanced Registration grading. You will like 
our type, breeding, size, and production. 
Healthy herds conveniently located close to 
the border to choose from. A few real good 
young bulls available. Write for listing and 
prices. Apply Director of Extension, 
Holstbin-Fribbian Association of Canada, 
Brantford, Ontario. 



GRANGE SUPPLIES 



GRANGE LETTER HEADS — They are 
beauties ; printed in two colors with emblem 
in the background. Ruled or unruled paper. 
Send for samples. Grange News Office, 
Chamberaburg, Pa. 



AGENTS WANTED 



LEARN Marbelizing Art, stone caatlng. 
sanitary floors, artificial marble. Veneer 
over concrete, wood anything. Flintllke 
hardness, glossy, all colors. Unlimited uses 
for this new Industry. Inexpensive. Sena 
dime for samples. Cowell Institute, Gray- 
ling, Michigan. 



DOGS 



PEDIGREED COLLIE PUPPIES — Malet, 
$15, $20 ; Females, $10. Pure maple syrup, 
gallon, $2.50, postpaid. Write: PlumMH 
McCuLLouGH, Mercer, Pa. 

WOMAN'S WANTS 



HONEY 



CLOVER HONEY, 10 lbs.. $1.85; Buck- 
wheat, $1.65 ; postpaid, third zone. Com- 
plete list free. Samples, six cents. Roscob 
p. WiXBON, Dundee. New York. 



HONEY — 60 IbB. finest olover, $4.80. Two 
or more, $4.50. Satisfaction guaranteed. 
F. W. Lesser, FayettevlUe, N. Y. 



MISCELLANEOUS 



EARN a piano crocheting at home, spart- 
time. No selling or investment. No expert 
ence needed. Braumullbb Co., Union City 

N. J. ' 

STANDARD RABBIT JOURNAL, Milton, 
Pa. Reg. $1.00 ; Special 25c Year ; Sample 
10c. 



BUY DIRECT— From distributors. Send 
$6.50 for not less than 120 assorted d'"^ 
guaranteed, consisting of twelve o' •*? 
cups, saucers, all sizes plates, sauce •"•"•J 
oatmeals, sugar, creamer, platter, etc. sam 
on decorated one design, $9.00. FactOTj »"' 
perfections. Freight paid over $!•"" 
Standard China Company, 204 Bowerj. 
New York City, Box 315. ^ 

PATCHWORK— 5 pounds clipping" •*. 
sorted colors, $1.00; four pounds bianw^ 
remnants. $1.00; four pounds cretonne s^^ 
pie pieces, $1.00 ; four pounds silk »^ 
cotton rug strips, $1.00. Pay PO»^™^°,utT 
nostagp. Large package silks, 25c. "^■jLi 
ful colors, postpaid. National Tbxt»^ 
Co., 661 Main St.. Cambridge. Mass. 



HAY, GRAIN, PRODUCE 

WANTED— Hay. straw, grain. POj*JJJJ 
apples, cabbage, etc. Carloads paJ. •"• g^r 
market prices. For Sale alfalfa nay. ^^ 
corn. Thb Hamilton Co., New C»»ti». 



POULTRY 



WHITE LEGHORN PULLETS, I* ^Jj 
hatched from layers and payers. NBLb 
Poultry Farm, Grove City, Pa. 






September, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 15 



DEVELOPMENT OF 

CHILD'S CHARACTER 

Factors Which Parents Need to Con- 
sider 



By Dr. Sanger Brown, II 

Assistant Commissioner, Department 
' of Mental Hygiene, State of 
New York 

Thoughtful persons, if asked the 
most valuable possession of man, put 
good character first, before health and 
far ahead of earthly possessions. In 
good character they include fairness, 
honesty, courage, dependability, will- 
ingness to make personal sacrifices for 
others if the situation demands it, and 
other noble qualities. These are not 
rare or heroic virtues; they are pos- 
sessed by the man in the street. 

How is good character acquired? 
Modern thought suggests that socially 
constructive traits of character tend 
to be inherent in the race and hence 
in the mind of man; that man per- 
haps deserves little personal credit for 
being law abiding, as this quality is 
a part of his gregarious nature. As 
man is instinctively social, the race 
tends to develop qualities which are 
racially beneficial. If this conception 
is true, it is logical to believe that 
were man deprived of present moral 
and civil laws and compelled to start 
anew, he would not indefinitely aban- 
don himself to lawlessness as some 
have predicted. He would probably 
do so for some generations, but in the 
course of time throughout succeeding 
ages he would slowly proceed to or- 
ganize moral and civic laws as he has 
done during the course of history. 
These laws are the expression of man's 
innermost nature and could not be 
imposed upon him if entirely at vari- 
ance with his inherent tendencies. 

Man has not always been regarded 
in this way. He has long been thought 
of more as a responsible being, re- 
strained by the laws of God and man 
and as someone who in childhood 
should be trained out of inherently 
evil tendencies. 

Of course, this optimistic view of 
man's inherent nature applies only to 
mankind as seen in the history from 
the primitive state upward. To at- 
tempt to apply it literally here and 
now in the treatment of a bad boy 
would end in disaster. Nevertheless, 
this theory has certain practical ap- 
pHcations and affords a constructive 
point of view in respect to the devel- 
opment of character in children. It 
imphes that because of inherent qual- 
ities children are apt to develop into 
law-abiding citizens, granted, of 
course, they are reared in a favorable 
environment. 

Of course, children are often selfish, 

cruel and unkind. They are not born 

lully developed beings and their first 

instincts are for self-protection and 

seit-expression. But germs of good 

cnaracter are there ready to be devel- 
oped. 

i]}l ?M^^ without saying, however, 
Ti k , ^^^ need proper opportunity 
P background to develop character. 
Uurage in facing difficulties, sacri- 
<te ot personal wants for ideals, fine 
distinctions between right and wrong, 

ZT v^*^ ^^ become a part of the 
^rsonality must grow out of the ex- 
periences of life. 

Qut ;,?^^^^.ren fail to develop these 
lou7/^'' '! ^^^y ^^e indifferent, cal- 
ceitf, 1 ^'^''^' undependable or de- 
pecnr!i i" conditions are not to be 
inhpru ^^ fi"ailties due to the child's 
Kor .ir^'f^^ ?P'^^''« to the surface. 
minor •• -^^^^ explanations, such as 
as a o^m^'''^ '° infancy, be accepted 
hemp * detrimental influences at 
hood o ^""^^^^^ o^ i^ the neighbor- 
are generally responsible for 



faulty mental development of a child. 

Perhaps life is being forced upon 
him in directions which are distaste- 
ful or beyond his powers to assimilate. 
Children need to do disagreeable 
things at times but if life is continu- 
ously distasteful, they naturally rebel. 
Perhaps thwarting influences are en- 
croaching upon the child's life, inter- 
fering with his development, just as a 
large and sturdy tree interferes with 
the growth and development of a deli- 
cate plant at its roots. 

If a child is not developing an ac- 
ceptable character, a thorough study 
of the entire situation will generally 
reveal the cause. An understanding 
of it may make all the difference be- 
tween the child's success and failure 
in future life. 



GAS TAX STEALING 

CALLED COLOSSAL 



Racket at Expense of Motorists To- 
tals $15,000,000, Penna. Inquiry 
Reveals 



WHEN IT'S NINETY 

IN THE SHADE 

When the summer sun gets busy. 

And it's ninety in the shade. 
You'll hear a lazy cackle 

From the chickens when they've 
laid; 
All the cows have sought the river. 

Mister Rooster fails to crow. 
And old Rover, when you stroke him. 

Wags his tail so very slow. 
You can tell without enquirin' 

What the mercury has made — 
That the summer sun's been busy 

And it's ninety in the shade. 

Why it's then the crops make head- 
way 

And the cornstalks, every one, 
Sort o' reach out all their tassels 

Like they's racin' for the sun. 
Oh, it sets my heart a-thumpin' 

Till I have to find "a rest" 
For my rifle, in a tree crotch, 

'Fore I shoot my level best, 
For it seems the world, I .iingo. 

Is all out on dress parade. 
When the summer sun gets busy. 

And it's ninety in the shade. 

— By Barton Recs Pogue. 



WHAT WILL THEY ANSWER ? 

The Pomona Grange of Cambria 
County would aid in solving the de- 
pression by reducing costs of Govern- 
ment. A recent questionnaire asks 
candidates for office to reply on this 
subject as would appear from the fol- 
lowing: 

Whereas the most pressing problem 
affecting agriculture is the increased 
cost of government and to meet these 
costs taxes have increased beyond the 
ability of the average farm income to 
pay. Therefore we demand that can- 
didates pledge themselves to a plat- 
form of rigid economy and request 
that you answer the following ques- 
tions and return questionnaire to Ed- 
ward Jones, Wilmore, Pa., before 
September 1, 1931. 

It is understood that your reply 
may be made public. 

Question 1. If elected to office will 
you use the influence of your office to 
remove all unnecessary positions con- 
nected therewith? 

Question 2. Will you as a member 
of the salary board reduce salaries of 
employees consistent with present eco- 
nomic conditions? 

Question 3. In your opinion can 
the cost of operating the office to 
which you aspire be reduced? If not, 
why ? 



Eighth grade pupils, taken on a 
trip to a dairy farm, were asked by 
their instructor to write a description 
of what they saw. One wrote: "The 
cows stand in long rows. They have 
chains around their necks so they 
cannot set while milking." — The De 
Laval Monthly. 



Evaders Seeking Loopholes in New 
Collection Law That Became Ef- 
fective June 1 

"Probably the most colossal and 
long-continued tax steal in American 
history" is the Keystone Automobile 
Club's characterization of past and 
present conditions in the gasoline tax 
situation in Pennsylvania. An article 
in the August issue of Keystone Mo- 
torist, official publication of the club, 
describes the devious methods em- 
ployed by the gasoline racketeers, and 
calls upon motorists to aid the State 
in curbing the gas steal by taking the 
license number of every gasoline truck 
not identified by the name of the own- 
er and reporting it to the Department 
of Revenue in Harrisburg. 
The article, in part, follows: 
"A racket at the expense of motor- 
ists and the State, which in the past 
five years has grown to the proportions 
of a big business has been uncovered 
by the Pennsylvania Department of 
Revenue. In its drive to collect the 
full amount of the tax on gasoline, 
the department has brought to light 
what is probably the most colossal and 
long-continued tax steal in American 
history. 

Losses Placed at $15,000,000 

"The revelations not only confirm 
charges made last March by J. Borton 
Weeks, president of the Keystone Au- 
tomobile Club, but show that Mr. 
Weeks had underestimated the 
amount of losses to the State through 
crooked gasoline dealers. Additional 
light has been thrown on the tax goug- 
ing in recent statements by Governor 
Pinchot and by Dr. Clyde L. King, 
Secretary of the Department of Reve- 
nue, placing the tax losses at $15,000,- 
000. 

"Since the first hint of colossal 
losses through tax evasion and down- 
right theft. State revenue agents and 
private investigators have been delv- 
ing into the records of dealers former- 
ly responsible for the collection of the 
tax on retail sales, and also of their 
sources of supply. Evidence already 
has been found to indicate that the 
loss figures heretofore published rep- 
resent an underestimate, and that mo- 
torists have paid for hundreds of 
miles of good roads which could not 
be built because the money has been 
stolen. 

"What is far more important, how- 
ever, is the discovery that the State- 
wide ring of 'gyps' is now engaged in 
a conspiracy to find loopholes in the 
new gasoline tax collection law which 
went into effect on June 1st. Under 
this law the distributor rather than 
the retailer is responsible for collec- 
tion of the tax. There are about 800 
distributors in the State, as compared 
with more than 28,000 retailers or 
service stations, so that the tax col- 
lection procedure is simplified and 
concentrated." 



TEN WAYS TO KILL A GRANGE 

1. Do not come to meetings. 

2. If you do come, come late ; if the 
weather doesn't suit you, don't think 
of coming. 

3. If you attend Grange occasion- 
ally, come only when there is some- 
thing to eat, but don't bother to fur- 
nish anything. 

4. If you attend a meeting, find 
fault with the work of the officers and 
other members. 



5. Never accept an office, as it is 
easier to criticise than to do things. 

6. Always talk in a loud whisper to 
those near you during the business 
session of the meeting, and do this 
especially while degree work is being 
exemplified. 

7. If asked by the Master to give 
your opinion on some matter, tell him 
you have nothing to say. After the 
meeting tell everyone how things 
ought to have been done. 

8. Hold back your dues as long as 
possible, or don't pay at all. 

9. Do nothing more than is abso- 
lutely necessary, but when members 
roll up their sleeves and willingly and 
unselfishly use their ability to help 
matters along, say that the Grange is 
run by a clique. 

10. Don't bother about getting new 
members. Let someone else do it. — 
Read hy E. E. Warnock at Cass 
County Pomona Grange. 



PREVENTION OF HAY FEVER 

VIEWED AS POSSIBLE 



By Dr. Theodore B. Appel 

Secretary of Health, Commonwealth 
of Pennsylvania 

The old saying that "Coming events 
cast their shadows before" can be logi- 
cally applied to the green of the spring 
and the hay fever of the summer. 
W^hile an interest in this matter is 
restricted to a comparatively small 
portion of citizens, when considered 
in connection with the whole popula- 
tion, it nevertheless comprises a group 
of at least several hundred thousand 
in Pennsylvania. To these persons, 
measures to prevent this condition 
should represent a very vital question 
indeed. 

Science has made marvelous strides 
in the last quarter of a century or 
more. And in the field of bacteriology 
the pace has been exceedingly rapid. 
The point, however, is that medical 
progress to some extent must rely up- 
on the enthusiasm of the public if the 
best and most general results are to 
be obtained. 

In this connection, it appears that 
eagerness to adopt new methods is not 
by any means a universal character- 
istic. For example, it may be sur- 
prising to some to learn that despite 
the indisputable value of smallpox 
vaccination and toxin-antitoxin for 
diptheria, there are even yet people in 
Pennsylvania who have to be shown; 
and when this attempt is made by 
health officials, they close their eyes 
tightly. 

It is no wonder then that many still 
look upon the use of pollen extracts 
for the prevention of hay fever as a 
newfangled idea, and consequently it 
fails to capture either their interest 
or confidence. And frankly, for the 
vast majority of persons such an atti- 
tude, while unprogressive, makes little 
or no difference. Not being victims 
of hay fever, the matter at best to 
them is purely academic. But this de- 
cidedly is not the case where the per- 
son is a sufferer. 

However, assuming that doubt as to 
the efficacy of pollen extracts does not 
exist, the prospective subject should 
at this time display an active interest 
in it. The protection which pollen in- 
jections can give demands time to es- 
tablish itself. Treatment should begin 
at least five or six weeks before the 
exi)ected onset. A fair percentage of 
failures to secure results by this meth- 
od can be attributed to the fact that 
treatments are not started sufficiently 
m advance of the hay fever season. 



He paid the bills so often they be- 
gan to take him for an after-dinner 
mint.— O^to State Sun Dial 



LIBRARY 



LIE'^ARY' 



Page 16 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



September, I93j 




Real Compensation Insurance 



Our policies furnish compensation protection as re- 
quired by the Compensation Act and in case of accident pays 
benefits according to the Act. 

We protect the employer 24 hours in the day, regardless 
of when or where an accident might occur. 

We have always paid a dividend. 

This company was organized by the sawmill men, thresh- 
ermen and farmers and is controlled by these interests. 

WRITE for detailed information, as to costs, benefits, 
etc. 



Stop ! Look ! Listen ! 

One accident is likely to cost you more than 
insurance protection for a lifetime. A protection 
that will stand between you and a Court and Jury 
in case of an accident is an asset to every man 
employing labor of any description. 

Safety First Is a Good Motto 



I mm intereated in having Casualty Insurance for my help and 
protection for myself, 24 hours in the day. I estimate my payroll 



Address 



FINANCIAL STATEMENT 



DECEMBER 31, 1930 



ASSETS 

Cash $13,287.44 

Premiums in Course of Collection 26,921.61 

Premium Notes Keceivable 8,170.59 

Investments 862,645.42 

Accrued Interest 4,744.77 

Re-Insurance Recovered (Invest- 
ed) 2,881.42 



LIABILITIES 

Amounts Payable |88.84 

Premiums Paid in Advance .... 5,392.27 

Reserve for Unpaid Losses 116,887.61 

Reserve for Unearned Premiums 85,966.4C 

Reserve for Dividends 15,000.00 

Reserve for Unpaid Commissions 8,000.00 
Surplus 192,266.57 



$418,601.16 



$418,601.15 



A dividend of 20% is being paid to all 1930 policyholders. 



Automobile and Truck Insurance 

"SAVE MONEY BY GIVING US YOUR INSURANCE." This Company allows a discount of 25% from the Manual 
rates on all automobiles and trucks to start vrith. We write a Standard Policy. Fill in the at- 
tached blank and we will give you full information. 



Name 

Address 

Business ~ 

Insurance Begins 

Name of Car and Model Series. 

Type of Body „ ^ ^ 

Serial Number 

Name of Truck 



{Street and Number) 



(City) 



iState) 



.19. 



Expires _ 29. 

Year Model. , 

Number of Cylinders 

Motor Number _ 

Capacity or Weight 



Serial Number „ „ _.. „ Motor Number 



LIST PRICE ACTUAL COST 



I 



PURCHASED BY ASSURED- 
SECOND HAND 



NEW OR 



MONTH 



YEAR 



PENNSYLVANIA THRESHERMEN & FARMERS' MUTUAL CASUALTY INSURANCE CO. 

311 Mechanics Trust Building Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 

THE PENNSYLVANIA THRESHERMEN ft FARMERS' MUTUAL CASUALTY INSURANCE COMPANY ENDORSED BY THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE PENNSYLVANIA 
STATE GRANGE AS THE OFFICIAL GRANGE COMPANY TO WRITE COMPENSATION AND AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE FOR THE GRANGE MEMBERSHIP OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



S DEPT OF AGRf CULTURE 




Entertd as second-class matter at the Post Office at Harrisburg, Pa., under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 



VOL. XXVIII 



HARRISBURG, PA., OCTOBER, 1931 



No. 7 



Grange News; What Can 
Be Done to Improve It? 

IT IS the aim of the editor to make Grange News all that the name implies. 
An effort will be made not only to furnish items of interest from Sub- 
ordinate and Pomona Granges, but items pertaining? to the home and all 
that help to improve the home life of rural Pennsylvania. 

This means that a wide range of subjects will be considered, and I trust 
that some of them will be of special interest to our readers. The real object 
of any article or address should be that of making those who read or listen, 
do some constructive thinking. If this is not done, then neither have much 

value. 

The editor may publish, from time to time, articles in which he is not 
in full accord, but if they are clean and wholesome, and furnish food for 
thought, they are worthy of a place in any publication. It is not so much a 
question of whether the editor agrees with the thought expressed as whether 
it serves the purpose for which it was written. 

With a large membership it necessarily follows that the reading matter 
must vary in order to create interest. Grange Patrons in one section like to 
know what Patrons in other sections have done, or are doing. It is evident 
that not enough publicity is being given Grange work over the State. 

Grangers should be so active that they are known for the work they are 
doing. The Grange motto should be displayed inside every Grange hall, 
and the name and number of the Grange on the outside. 

If you have an interesting program, or you are completing some com- 
munity project, let your local papers have the story, then send us the clipping. 
Every Grange should have a Press Agent. One capable and willing of 
informing others of what is being done in their Grange. When you have a 
special program, confer degrees, or exchange visits, other Patrons through- 
out the State would like to know about it. Send the editor these news items 
and he will gladly publish them in Grange News. 

The Home Economics Committee recently met at the home of Charlotte 
Ruppin, a member of the committee, and discussed ways and means for 
further improving their page in Grange News, and to plan their program 
for State Grange. 

The members of the committee are working and planning to bring their 
work to a high state of efficiency and deserve much credit for their efforts. 
All but four of the Pomona Districts are organized and rendering efficient 
service. 

It is the aim of the committee to broaden the scope of their activities 
and consider all subjects which in any way help to build the Grange or im- 
prove the life of the community. Much time and thought was given to the 
consideration of this phase of the work and results will follow. 

The local and county committees are being asked to cooperate and to 
plan their work with a view of increasing Grange growth and interest, and 
in bettering all conditions which aid in making a happy, contented, rural life. 
Home Economics, as applied to Grange work, means more than just 
cooking and sewing. It means rendering any service that will make the 
Grange a power for good in each community. The ultimate aim of all com- 
niittees and Grange agencies is to build the Grange to its maximum strength. 
Enter any Grange field and you will find plenty to do. 

Each local and county committee should aid the Master, Pomona and 
State Deputies, in organizing and reorganizing Subordinate Granges, or- 
ganizing Juveniles, aid in securing new members, collection of dues and in 
reinstating those who have been dropped from the roll. There is no Grange 
activity in which the committee may not render valuable service, if done 
in a helpful fraternal spirit. 

(See columns 1 and 2 next page.) 



LARGE FRUIT YIELD 

PREDICTED FOR YEAR 



Production Is Expected to Be 14 
Per Cent Above Average 



Ice Cream Ruled 
''Food'' for Price 
Inquiry Purpose 



Conditions on July 1st seemed to fa- 
vor a year of large fruit production, 
according to a fruit prospect report 
issued by the Bureau of Agricultural 
Economics of the Department of Ag- 
griculture, July 16th. The full text 
of the general summary of the report 
follows : 

W^ith no more than the usual sea- 
sonal decline in condition of many 
of the major fruit crops during June, 
everything seems to favor a year of 
large fruit production. Making al- 
lowances for changes in the bearing 
capacity of trees, the July 1st reports 
indicate that the composite yield per 
bearing acre of 15 different fruits and 
nuts may be about 14 per cent greater 
than average this year. This would 
be about 10 per cent heavier than the 
combined yield per acre of fruits last 
year, when apples, peaches and sev- 
eral minor fruit crops produced be- 
low average yields. 

Weather conditions during June 
were variable, but, for the most part, 
fruit came through in good condition. 
Along the Atlantic Coast rainfall was 
ample and in some cases too much 
was received. Through the Shenan- 
doah Valley of Virginia and in New 
York only about 75 per cent of the 
normal precipitation fell, but condi- 
tions in these areas were reported sat- 
isfactory. Some high temperatures 
were experienced but these, for the 
most part, missed the important fruit 
sections. In the Pacific Northwest 
rains during the latter half of the 
month broke a droughty period and 
benefited the apples and pears but 
caused much cracking of cherries and 
a considerable loss to this crop. 

In California the July report was 
made before the i>eriod of heat, which 
was broken on July 5th. Undoubted- 
ly some damage has resulted to un- 
harvested fruit since the report. An 
important fact to be remembered in 
connection with all reports is that the 
condition shown refers to the date of 
the report and may not represent the 
condition existing at the time the re- 
port is received. 



INDIANA POOL MARKETS 

44,000 POUNDS OF WOOL 



Marketing their wool through the 
pool of the Indiana County Sheep 
and Wool Producers Association, 394 
farmers consigned 44,303 pounds, 
which was the largest ever made in 
the county, R. K. Carter, acting coun- 
ty agent, reports. The average price 
of the wool was about 16 cents, and 
the handling charge was less than 
one-half cent a pound. 



Food unquestionably is a necessary 
of life, and ice cream is certainly a 
form of food, it was stated by the At- 
torney General, Joseph E. Warner, in 
response to an inquiry from Ralph W. 
Robart, Director of the Massachusetts 
State Divit^iun «if the Necessaries of 

Life. 

Mr. Robart had made the inquiry as 
a preliminary step in a proposed cam- 
paign to bring a reduction in the retail 
price of ice cream. 

Following receipt of the Attorney 
General's opinion, the Director an- 
nounced yesterday that he would im- 
mediately open the campaign. 

"Preliminary investigation," he 
said, "has drawn complaint from re- 
tailers that prices must be maintained 
because of the tremendous shrinkage. 

"One of our investigators visited a 
Summer concessionnaire where cones 
were retailing at 10 cents. The ice 
cream content was 1/24 of a quart 
and resulted in a profit of $9.60 per 
gallon, providing there was a mini- 
mum shrinkage. This is deliberate 
profiteering. The consumer can im- 
mediately remedy this situation by 
purchasing in bulk." 

"Without doubt," Attorney General 
Warner's opinion said, "food is a 
necessary of life. Ice cream is cer- 
tainly a form of food, made from in- 
gredients wliich are themselves food. 
This is a matter of common knowl- 
edge, as is also the fact that the con- 
sumption of ice cream is so wide- 
spread throughout the Commonwealth 
tliat in its more common forms, at 
least, it can scarcely be termed a 
luxury. 

"It is not necessary for me to ex- 
press an opinion as to whether or not 
all articles of food are to be consid- 
ered as 'commodities which are neces- 
saries of life' within the meaning of 
General Laws, chapter 23, section 9E, 
but for the purpose of aiding you in 
determining as a fact whether or not 
ice cream is one of such commodities, 
which determination of fact is to be 
made by you, I advise you that as a 
matter of law ice cream may be a 
commodity which is a necessary of 
life, so as to make 'the circumstances 
affecting the price* charged for it a 
proper subject for study and investi- 
gation by the Division of the Neces- 
saries of Life, under said section of 
the General Laws. 

"It follows that with relation to 
such study and investigation, if it be 
determined as a fact that ice cream 
is a necessary of life, the authority 
given to the said Division by the Gen- 
eral Laws as amended, in sections 9F 
and 9C, may be exercised." 



Page 2 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



October, 193i 



(Concluded from page 1.) 

Tlie real object of the Grange is not only that of developing a higher 
manhood and womanhood among ourselves, but implies a further obligation 
of helping to make life on the farm worth living. 

It is evident, therefore, that any service performed that improves the 
Grange, benefits the home, as they are so closely associated that what affects 
the one affects the other. I trust that this rather free explanation of the 
work of the committee will be helpful and that no time will be lost in looking 
for something to do. 

Keep in close touch with the committee and render every possible 
assistance in improving the work and in furnishing new material for their 
page in Grange News. Much will depend upon the support received from 
the local and county committees. 

We will always be pleased to receive suggestions from our readers, or 
even constructive criticism, relative to improving Grange News. It is your 
paper and we want to make it both instructive and constructive. 

Fraternally yours, 

E. B. DoRSETT, Editor. 



DRIVERS' REACTIONS TO 

EMERGENCY SITUATIONS 



PRESIDENT PROPOSES 

TEST OF EDUCATIONAL 
VALUE OF SOUND FILM 

Invites Oovemors to Send Child 
From Each State for Appear- 
ance Before Committee 
of Educators 

Governors of each of the States 
were invited June 22d by the Presi- 
dent to participate in the organization 
of a test of the value of sound film in 
public school education, it was an- 
nounced at the White House. 

It is proposed, it is explained in the 
letter written by the President's sec- 
retary, Walter H. Newton, at the 
President's direction, to the several 
Governors, that a child of grammar 
school age be selected by each of the 
respective State superintendents of 
education, come to Washington where 
tests will be applied by specialists un- 
der the direction of the Federal Of- 
fice of Education. 

It is not proposed, however, the let- 
ter made clear, that the plan to lead 
exclusive privileges to any film com- 
pany, either in the tests or in subse- 
quent preparation of films. 



care of. It is proposed that the tests 
should take place beginning July 6th. 
If the matter meets with your ap- 
proval, the President would be pleased 
to have your State Superintendent of 
Schools advise the Office of Education 
here promptly as to participation in 
the fashion above set out." 



TAX RULES ON FARM 

COOPERATIVES REVISED 




University to Cooperate 

The letter, made public at the 
White House, follows in full text: 

''My dear Governor : The President 
has been requested by an impressive 
number of city and State superin- 
tendents of schools to lend his good 
offices to the organization of a test of 
the purpose and place of sound films 
in public school instruction. 

''These gentlemen suggest that the 
Governors of the States of the Union 
should request their respective State 
superintendents of schools to select a 
boy or a girl of at least grammar 
school age and mentally adapted to 
such a test, together with one of your 
educational officials, to come to Wash- 
ington where tests will be applied to 
the group from all the states under 
the direction of a committee of ex- 
perts chosen by the Office of Educa- 
tion in the Department of the Inte- 
rior. George Washington University 
has offered to furnish facilities and 
to interest itself in these tests. 

Special Films Prepared 
"At the intercession of the repre- 
sentative public school authorities, 
Mr. Clarke of the Fox Film Company 
has agreed to prepare a number of 
education films for this purpose. It 
is not proposed that it shall lead to 
exclusive privileges for any particular 
film company either in the tests or in 
the subsequent preparation of films, 
if it should be found that a definite 
educational value can be introduced 
into the schools through the use of 
such films. 

"It is my understanding that trav- 
eling and other expenses will be taken 



Exemptions in Income Levies Are 
Explained 

Revised regulations covering the 
exemption of farmers' and other co- 
operative marketing and purchasing 
associations from income tax and 
from the filing of income tax returns, 
were issued July i;3th by the Acting 
Commissioner of Internal Revenue, 
H. F. Mires. 

It was explained orally at the Bu- 
reau that the new regulations do not 
contain any radical departures from 
the old rules governing such associa- 
tions. They have been drafted, it was 
said, to make more complete the anal- 
ysis of the provisions of law dealing 
with this i)hase of taxation, for the 
guidance of collectors of internal reve- 
nue, agents, and others concerned. 

Under the Revenue Act of 1928, it 
is brought out, cooperative associa- 
tions engaging in the marketing of 
farm products for farmers, fruit 
growers, live stock growers, dairymen, 
and others, and turning back to the 
producers the proceeds of the sales of 
their products, less the necessary oper- 
ating expenses on the basis of the 
products furnished by them, are ex- 
empt from income tax and are not re- 
quired to file returns. 

The new regulations state that as- 
sociations claiming exemptions under 
these i)rovisions shall submit the in- 
formation required in the particular 
bureau tax questionnaire covering 
such associations, together with a copy 
of articles of incorporation and the 
constitution and by-laws of the asso- 
ciation. The latest financial state- 
ment also shall be submitted, showing 
assets, liabilities, receipts and dis- 
bursements of the association. 

"When such an association has es- 
tablished its right to exemption it 
need not thereafter make a return of 
income, or any further showing with 
respect to its status under the law, 
unless it changes the character of its' 
organization or operations or the pur- 
pose for which it was originally ere 
ated," the regulation states. 



By Robbins B. Stoeckel 

Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, 
State of Connecticut 

Keen traffic observers note that 
many collisions are brought about be- 
cause the operator of one or the other 
of the cars involved is watching a too 
restricted space, that is, he is not 
aware of what is going on except 
within too narrow limits. He does 
not look far enough up the road to see 
the impending emergencies. 

Another feature of driving is 
brought forward by an observer, who 
was a personnel agent in the war and 
had charge of the selection of officers. 
His experience seemed to indicate that 
every person reacts to fear or a bad 
scare in one of two ways. There is 
the type who does not lose his head 
l3ut keeps on thinking, even though he 
is frightened and directs his course, 
along what appears to his reasoning 
mind to be the best way. 

The other type is tlie man whose 
mind becomes more or less paralyzed 
by the scare and who does not do any- 
thing except continue along whatever 
course he has embarked upon. There 
are instances where people shut their 
eyes when danger impends. This 
characteristic, taken with that of the 
sight line when driving the car is un- 
doubtedly worth considering as a pos- 
sible future item of education. Cer- 
tainly, if he can be detected, a man of 
the second type who loses his head 



and whose reason departs as soon as 
danger portends is not a man to whom 
to entrust the driving of a car. 

In considering these two character- 
istics of operation one can readily see 
how a serious accident might result 
from their combination. The man 
who is not watching for the situations 
which are already in sight or which 
may arise because he does not use his 
imaginative ability to see how the 
course of others may affect his own 
may find himself suddenly in a situa- 
tion where he becomes badly fright- 
ened. If he is the type who cannot 
find his way out, whose brain is not 
automatic in execution and selection 
of the best course, he will cause or 
participate in a bad accident. 

One ought to look ahead of a car 
and be aware of everything that is in 
sight. At night time, of course, the 
vision is limited, but even then to be 
aware of everything which is going on 
within the limits of vision is neces- 
sary, for if everything which is hap- 
pening or every single happening is 
not observed, then the very one which 
may contribute to an accident is apt 
to be overlooked with consequent dis- 
astrous results. 



Save Young Trees.— Visit the 
plantation of young pines this month. 
Discourage initial attacks of insects 
by cutting out and burning weevil- 
infested tops of white pine and spruce 
and crushing caterpillars on red and 
pitch pine. Prevent choking of the 
trees by tramping weeds aside from 
the trees they are over-topping. 



PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY 

DO YOU WANT PAINT ? 



PiOM FACTORY 



OTHE INGER50a WAY OF DOING BUSINESS 



OVER THE HEADS 
OF THE MIDDLEMEN 



TO CONSUMER 




lOWEST P-"CCS TOALl 
tMOAL WiMtU TX> NONE. 



,^ JST>bs&im.t QUAUlt 

lOwesT foufu Midi 



INGERSOLL PAINTS 

Officially Endorsed by the National Grange in 1874 
and in continuous use by Members of the Order ever since. 

Buy Direct, Save Middlemen's Profit 

ArUc?e"^4.°!,e'cU^r!uo?^o^ lur^oIeT^'J^oPH''""" "-' '''' manufacturer. In accordance with 

ThA t.Vk , * »» '0° on store Prices for good paint. WE GUARANTEE SATISFACTION. 

they MUST ADD to th« Faot^rt J.ti« ^^'"u f^ °^^ ^°^ FACTORY PRICE, became— 
method, overhead chIr%frdiJrl^ut^^^^ *° cover the expensive cost of their .elllnf 

for. but rece?ve NO IetuRN ^;; 'paln?"^ vllu% **»<»d»«"^««'» P'Oflt.. which you pay 



We Can Save You Halif Your Paint Bills 



THANKSGIVING DAY 

While George Washington issued a 
proclamation for a Thanksgiving Day 
It was not until 1864 that the lait 
ihursday in November was officiallv 
proclaimed as a national Thanksgiv- 
ing Day, by President Lincoln. 



llldT^lVil fn^'*U 'ge^n'ir'Illy \|f rth^a?''tt"i? ."^f.'?,- .* ^^P ^^^^^^^ °° *»»« «o.t of other 

SJi^hb^oVhU" ---^ '- O^VE^'^f ?iy{?s. XVoTn'Wr^r;^. t^o"??.^t?SJr^.^n^^Vu? 

Ilrji'-^?'^"^ °' "■'' '*""'■ recommendi INOERSOLl, PAINTS 
i.f^^ul°lv'AilS^ill\V^it,fS??„JJ'J^ '"joy It win .h,w you how ..., « 

PATRONS' PAINT WORKS, Inc. 

234 PLYMOUTH STREET, BROOKLYN. NEW YORK 



October, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 3 



Decline of Dairy Industry in Maine 
Reasons for Conditions Outlined 

By Donald W. Heed 

V h sion Economist, Agricultural Experiment Station, State of Maine 



The outstanding feature which 
must be considered in a discussion of 
„ lirv production program for Maine 
fs the decline in the last 25 years, 
l^airv cow numbers as shown by cen- 
sus figures are lower than during any 
census year as far back as 1850. 

Estimates Jan. 1 of each year by 
the Division of Crop and Livestock 
Estimates, Bureau of Agricultural 
Economics, United States Department 
of Agriculture, show a constant de- 
cline until 1929 since the high point 
of 1920 which was not as high as the 
one of 1906. Heifers from one to two 
rears old have shown yearly increases 
"for two years and farmers began to 
increase the number of heifer calves 
saved in 1929. The cycle has reached 
the -low point and is definitely on the 
upward trend. 

K^ot only do numbers of cows indi- 
cate a decline but receipts of milk 
from Maine at Boston show a con- 
sistent yearly decrease of over 50 per 
cent since 1921. In 1921 Maine 
shipped 22,000,000 quarts of milk to 
Boston. Shipments in 1930 amounted 
to 10,000,000 quarts. Creani ship- 
ments to Boston have also declined al- 
though not as much. In 1921 they 
amounted to 41,000,000 quarts and 
.^6,000,000 in 1930. 

Before looking into the future it 
may be interesting to discuss the fac- 
tors which contributed to the peaks 
of 1906 and 1920 and the low points 
of 1912 and 1929. 



facture of butter and cheese have en- 
couraged Vermont farmers to increase 
cow numbers so that the downward 
trend from 1923-1929 in Vermont was 
not nearly as pronounced as in Maine, 
Massachusetts and New Hampshire, 
the other New England States supply- 
ing the Boston market. 

An aggressive road building pro- 
gram, a wood business which has been 
relatively profitable until within the 
last two years and a demand for labor 
by a growing Summer population cut 
into the dairy business. Good roads, 
cheap automobiles and Winter snow 
removal brought dairymen nearer 
urban employment. 

With health regulations practically 
overridden because of poor manage- 
ment on the part of New England 
dairymen, western cream is here to 
stay^ at lower prices than have pre- 
vailed in the past. The market for 
farm butter is gradually disappearing 
although here and there throughout 
the State, Maine dairymen are still 
selling it to satisfied customers for as 
high as 50 cents a pound. 

If a price is worked out which will 
give dairymen within hauling distance 
of the existing facilities an even break 
with other New England dairymen, 
whether they be within trucking dis- 
tance of Boston or further away in 
northern Vermont, I anticipate that 
those farmers on good dairy farms, 
using economical methods of produc- 
tion in a commercial way, will expand 



Prior to 1900 there was little op- their^ business as fast as the demand 
l)ortunity to sell anything but farm 
butter. Early in the twentieth cen- 
tury Turner Center began shipping 
cream for table and ice cream pur- 
poses. Several other progressive 
creamery men developed a similar 
market for sweet cream. This new 
market increased cow numbers to the 
highest point in the history of the 
state. 

Ice cream manufacturers soon 
found a way of using sweet, unsalted 
butter in their industry. This new 
development resulted in a lower price 
for cream and precipitated a decline 
from the overexpansion of 1906. A 
price decline caused many to turn to 
other enterprises, especially the cut- 
ting of pulp to supply the growing de- 
mands of a paper industry. 

From the low of 1912 to the high of 
1920 yearly increases in numbers fol- 
lowed a steadily increasing price for 
dairy cows and a demand for milk 
which increased with the war develop- 
nients. 

The downward trend of the last 10 
vears is rather difficult to explain be- 
cause of the many contributing fac- 
ers which it is impossible to evaluate, 
"rior to 1920 Maine enjoyed a prefer- 
ential freight rate in the form of a 
leased car system. The Interstate 
Commerce Commission abolished the 
system and later put into effect regula- 
^ons which gave equal rates to all 
-New England. Milk shipments de- 
e'mcd and Maine lost a daily railroad 
T^Jf^ which was not restored until 
^he Spring of 1930. During that time 
> ermont made an active bid for a 
^''^J^e in the Boston market. Since 
iJ^l Maine shipments have decreased 
one-half and Vermont shipments have 
"lore than doubled. 

A he selling policies of cooperative 
creameries, the lack of other profitable 
enterprises and the relatively good 
1.".^^^ received in comparison to those 
I'aia for milk to be used in the manu- 



for fluid milk increases in southern 
New England. 

I cannot speak as optimistically re- 
garding the outcome of the industry 
in the cream-producing sections. The 
only hope seems to be low cost of pro- 
duction and tlie producing for sale to 
dairymen nearer the market, of qual- 
ity cows for replacements. In some 
of the areas with the largest number 
of cows per farm, an opportunity may 
later develop to sell milk through the 
agencies now buying cream and it is 
possible that methods of marketing 
can be worked out here and there 
which will give the farmer selling 
cream more for his product than can 
be realized through the established 
agencies competing directly with 
western cream. 

We are urging the dairymen to hold 
on to the market he now has. Low 
production costs and aggressive loy- 
alty to whatever representation he now 
has in the Boston milk shed are his 
only other weapons. It has been our 
experience that ground once lost is 
most difficult to regain because coun- 
try facilities and representation in the 
market go, too. 

A few sections of Maine still exist 
where the industry is not declining 
and where the dairymen have every 
intention of holding on to their mar- 
ket and keeping their production 
costs in line with those of their com- 
petitors. 



GRANGE CAMPAIGN FOR 

LIFE INSURANCE 

Complete details were given in the 
September issue of the Grange papers 
regarding the Grange Life Insurance 
Campaign, sponsored by our Worthy 
National Master, L. .1. Taber and the 
following State Masters: David H. 
Agans, of New Jersey; Fred J. Free- 
stone, of New York; E. B. Dorsett, 
of Pennsylvania, and W. F. Kirk, of 



He bought dairy feed at the 
lowest prices ... by telephone 



CH A Bell System Advertisement 

Near West Chester, Pa., lives a 
farmer who finds his telephone of 
great assistance in buying feed 
for his dairy herd. After check- 
ing up on prices by calling dealers 
in nearby tov^ns, he recently de- 
cided that it was advisable to 
buy a large part of his winter's 
supply at once. The orders were 
promptly placed. The next day 
the price of bran advanced, and 
other grain prices went higher 
soon afterward. In this one 
instance a considerable saving 
was made. 

The telephone is equally help- 
ful in making the most advanta- 
geous sales of livestock, grain, 
fruit and vegetables through co- 
operative marketing associations 
or local markets. Even when bad 
weather makes roads impassable, 
it is always ready to keep up 
social and business contacts, or 
summon help in any emergency. 

The modern farm home has a 
telephone that serves faithfully 
and well, rain or shine. • 





Ohio. Every member of this Cam- 
paign Committee is delighted with 
the way that the officers of the Sub- 
ordinate Granges are cooperating in 
having their Grange represented in 
the Campaign. 

Granges in every county are vying 
with one another in the Contest for 
the County Prize, and many of the 
Granges are competing strongly for 
one of the Major Prizes. A healthy 
rivalry also exists between the State 
Masters on the Campaign Committee, 
as each one is anxious to see his State 
show the largest percentage of his 
Subordinate Granges represented in 
this Campaign of Service, which will 
mean so much to the future welfare 
of our Grange Communities. 

It is with the full realization ot 
the benefits that will accrue to our 
membership through the expansion of 
our Grange Life Insurance Service, 
that our Worthy National Master, L. 
J. Taber has broadcasted to the 
Granges the following message: 

"Every Grange member should have 
a policy with the Farmers and Traders 
Life Insurance Company, thus sup- 
porting his own organization, build- 
ing an estate for himself and his fam- 
ily, and strengthening his own finan- 
cial future." 



Due to .lie depression which has 
resulted in a decrease in value of most 
all securities. Life Insurance has 
never been regarded as highly as it is 
at present, not only from the stand- 
point of protection, but also as an 
absolutely safe investment. It is an 
asset which is always worth its face 
value. 

There are 300,000 patrons in New 
York, Pennsylvania, Ohio and New 
Jersey, who have an opportunity to 
cooperate in making this Campaign 
an outstanding success in Grange 
Service. 

The Prizes to the winning Granges 
in your state will be presented at your 
next State Grange Meeting by your 
Worthy Master. Will your Grange be 
a winner? You still have time, as the 
Campaign lasts until midnight, Oc- 
tober 31st. 



Plant Late Vegetables. — Ruta- 
bagas, turnips, beets, carrots, and 
winter radishes may be planted for 
winter storage on ground where early 
vegetables have been harvested. Sev- 
eral small plantings of lettuce, spin- 
ach, and kohl rabi may be sown until 
September. Endive and Chinese cab- 
bage should be planted by the middle 
of September. 



Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



October, I93j 



NATION'S POPULATION 

INCREASING AT RATE OF 
ONE EVERY 36 SECONDS 



Cknsus Burkau Finds Growth Is 

Less Than Half as Fast Under 

MoDKRN Conditions 

The rate of increase in the popula- 
tion of the United States has been 
found by the Bureau of the Census 
to be slowing down, and for the next 
few years the population will be com- 
puted on the basis of a net increase of 
one person every 36 seconds instead 
of one in each 23 seconds, according to 
an announcement by the Bureau, July 
1st, based on the latest available sta- 
tistics for birtlis, deaths, immigration 
and emigration. 

As a result of the conclusions 
reached by the Bureau, it reset its 
automatic "clock" or register of pop- 
ulation growth, July 1st, to accord 
with the new basis of calculations. 
The Bureau's announcement said that 
under the revised rate of increase the 
• population of the country on July 1st 
was 124,069,651 whereas under the 
former basis the population would 
have been recorded as 124,833,818. 
The announcement follows in full 
text: 

The Bureau of the Census has found 
it necessary to revise the computations 
which furnished the basis for the auto- 
matic register of population growth in 
order to make it correspond with the 
most recent available statistics of 
births and deaths and of immigration 
and emigration. Heretofore, the in- 
crease of population was taken as 1 
every 23 seconds, this being the net 
result of a birth every 13 seconds, a 
death every 23 seconds, an immigrant 
arrival every iVss minutes, and an 
emigrant departure every 5V2 minutes. 

The revised figures are based on the 
available records of births and deaths 
for the calendar year 1930, and on the 
immigration figures for the first three 
nionths of 1931. On that basis there 
is a birth every 14 seconds instead of 
every 13, a death every 22 seconds in- 
stead of every 23, an immigrant ar- 
rival every 12 minutes instead of every 
1V2» and an emigrant departure every 
7 minutes instead of every SVjj* the re- 
sult being a net increase of one in the 
population in every 36 seconds instead 
of one every 23 seconds. 

This represents a slowing down of 
population growth equivalent to the 
difference between an annual increase 
of 1.2 per cent as indicated by the 
former computations and an annual 
increase of 0.7 per cent as indicated 
by the more recent data. According 
to the revised figures the total popula- 
tion of the United States on July 1st 
readied 124,069,651, whereas, accord- 
ing to the former computations, now 
superseded, it would have been 124,- 
833,818, a difference of 764,167. 



NATION'S RESEARCH WORK 

BENEFITS AGRICULTURE 



Former Wasted Products Now Put 
to Good Uses 

Dr. A. F. Woods, director of scien- 
tific work of the United States De- 
partment of Agriculture, is authority 
for the statement that the research 
work of the department in recent 
years has resulted in saving of mil- 
lions of dollars to producers, in the 
utilization of materials and products 
formerly wasted, besides creating new 
industries. 

For example, recent developments 
in the use of cotton have included the 
production of a "duplex" bag for on- 
ions and potatoes, which is finding a 
wider and wider use. One side of the 
bag is woven solid, so that labels may 



be printed on it, while the other side 
is meshed, that the contents may be 
visible. Calling attention to the fact 
that wool burns very slowly has re- 
sulted in growing use of wool hang- 
ings in stores and show rooms to 
reduce fire hazards. 

Casein, made from skim milk, has 
been used in making a wide variety of 
products, including billiard balls, 
fountain pen cases and waterproof 
glue, which is especially useful in 
gluing together airplane fuselages. 
Casein is also used as a coating for 
paper. The popularity of tomato juice 
as a drink has opened a new use for 
a surplus product. In canning toma- 
toes, some of the juice is taken out to 
permit more of the pulp to be placed 
in the can, and this is moving into the 
channels of trade as a drink. 

In one area around Los Angeles it 
is claimed that $1,000,000 a year is 
being added to the income of the 
growers of citrus fruits, through the 
utilization of grapefruit juice as a 
drink. The food research laboratories 
of the Department of Agriculture are 
now experimenting to find ways of 
preserving the juices of citrus fruits, 
so that they may be kept in their nat- 
ural state for a period of at least nine 
months. 

The National Grange and other 
farm organizations have for years ad- 
vocated research work intended to find 
new industrial uses for farm products. 



FIRST WAR CONFERENCE 

The first general World Disarma- 
ment Conference will open on Febru- 
ary 2, 1932. The Grange has always 
been an advocate of peace, and has 
persistently urged that international 
disputes be settled by arbitration rath- 
er th^n the agencies of war. 

As a fitting tribute to the Grange 
for her contribution towards world 
peace, the President should appoint 
some one from the Grange to attend 
the conference. 

I know of no one more worthy or 
better qualified to represent our great 
fkrm fraternity than our own Na- 
tional Master, L. J. Taber. I would 
be pleased to have each Pomona pass 
a resolution to this effect, and for- 
ward same to President Hoover. 

Many of our readers have had the 
pleasure of hearing Brother Jacob H. 
Taylor, of Potomac Grange, No. 1, 
discuss world peace problems. He is 
giving much of his time to this work, 
and I am pleased to submit herewith 
some further thoughts he submits for 
your consideration: 

"The time has arrived to meet the 
depression and consequent distress 
throughout the country with some- 
thing more than promises, analyses, 
platitudes, and politics. 

"Sound thinkers realize that we 
must take effectual steps to correct 
the situation. Mere expressions of 
sympathy are valueless. 

"Peoples are concerned that politi- 
cal leaders should understand that 
palliatives of proposed legislation, 
criticism for political advantage, or 
profound expressions of sympathy for 
the poor down-trodden farmers, will 
not correct anything and are value- 
less. 

"It is foolish to even hope for last- 
ing correction of economic and social 
disorders without first laying a foun- 
dation which will guarantee against 
their recurrence, and thereby provide 
the confidence essential for recovery. 
When stock break into a field and 
harm a crop the first thing a sensible 
farmer does is to drive them out and 
then patch up the hole or gap in the 
fence through which they entered. 
The cause of the trouble is removed, 
and prompt precaution is taken to 
prevent the trouble from recurring. 



"We have the statements of the 
statesmen and economists of this na- 
tion and of the world, attributing the 
present world economic disorder to 
the World Wt r and its after effects. 
The whole nation is now suffering 
from the unwarranted deflating pro- 
gram initiated • among the farmers 
immediately following the World 
War. 

"It is not only senseless but danger- 
ous to proceed further without stop- 
ping the 'gap' of trouble, and pro- 
viding against recurrence of these 
economic distresses. To this end we 
recommend and urge that when Con- 
gress meets in December, our Sena- 
tors immediately consider and ratify 
the adherence of our country to the 
World Court. Thus will be provided 
the necessary judicial machinery to 
settle controversies without resort to 
war. Our adherence will help to stop 
the gap through which war might 
again enter and ravage civilization. 

"Another imperative step is for 
President Hoover to appoint a delega- 
tion to the World Disarmament Con- 
ference who shall sincerely favor the 
reduction of armaments, and will take 
the leadership in making the confer- 
ence successful. American agricul- 
ture should, by all means, be repre- 
sented on this delegation. 

"With such a foundation, there is 
hope for the correction of our difllcul- 
ties. The minds of our people, our 
economists, our industrialists, and our 
statesmen can then cooperate on prac- 
tical reclamation of national prosper- 
ity and happiness. 

"When the spirit of the agricultural 
life of America is applied to both our 
domestic and foreign relations, the 
barbarism of scientific murder and re- 
sulting economic chaos will be sup- 
planted by kindly human relation- 
ships. These are always essential for 
the progress and triumph of 'justice 
and equity in all things.' 

"J. H. Taylor." 




Standard One- BusheJ 
Stave Basket 



ONCE USED 

Good, clean, BuiU 

Suve Basket, tu^t 
or round bottom. H.if 
Bushel Stave Bt.u 

AlsoPeachandTo^^J 
Carriers. "* 

L0t us quote >oi,. 

The Empty Pack*g, 

Supply Co.. Inc " 

Dept. G. 136 Broidw,. 

Brooklyn, N. Y. ' 



October, 1931 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 



The Little Wonder Weed Exterminator! 

Will Potitively Dettroy \ 

CANADA THISTLES 



II 



II 



A sprayinR soiution not a clilorate 



II 



Write for free illustrated booklet. 

Reber Chemical Co., Reading, p|, 

omss^ 

Afttr using: TOMELLEM PASTE o« 
calve« up to2month3old. Aneatyanj 
•«#• way to do away with dangerous honn. 
Onit Application enough. No bleeding, torf 
n«n or acar«. Endorsed by eounty agents. Kcch 
indeflniteljr. Bottle sufficient for 50 ealvea. fl.Of 
^••tvaM. At tfettlvrs or i<irt«< by mail from 

T0MaUlief..BmW,CAU€O ROGK.AMANSA& 





Delivered prices quoted on request. 

THE L BIGLOW CO. New Loadon, 0. 



Raise TREESi 
for profit 

Make bi? money on Christinas Trees and Orna* 
mental Evergreens. Great sellers at Roadside 
Stands. We furnish seedlings and transplants. 
Note these big values: 

TRANSPLANTED TREES 
WkileSprace • 4-7r., S-12M3-I00. $2«M 
Norway Spruce • 4-yr.. (-IS*, $3-100. $20 M 
Norway Sprvce • Syr-. 10-20', $5-100. $35 M 
Colera^BUSprKt - 3-yr., 2-5*. $5-100, $3S-M 
Douglas Fir - 4yr., 7-U', $3-100. $20-M 
DtBrtrr M»i Packiil Ckarfts—Al Cost— NOT mcMti. 
Our FA LL Price LUt, with many other attrac- 
tive listing* i* jtut off the Press. A copy- 
is yours for the asking. 

lUttat Forestry Associates, Dept.GN, Kecoe, N. H. 

1931--OLR 25ih ANNIVERSARY YE.\R 



Pennsylvania State Grange 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY 

n,^„„ Q , • PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 

Grange Senh . ^ 

Digest ^•^- . 

New Fifth Degree Manuals^ 'per set of ' 9 '.".'*" ' Al 

New Fifth Degree Mnnuals, single copy . . in 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 4 00 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 . 3 95 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy 35 

Constitution and By-Laws . JJ 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony jq 

Song Books,^ - dozeJ"*''""' ' ' ^"""^ '"'"'''' '''""^*'' ''''^^ ' '"^^'^ ' '^' ''^««' ^''••"•" ' 

per half dozen o qq 

Dues Account Book 75 

Secretary 's Record Book ......!!...... 70 

Treasurer 's Account Book 70 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange to' Pomona,' per' hundred' '.'.'.'.'.'. '. LOO 

The Grange Initiate, m lots of 25 g5 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 100 I'ss 

Roll Book '.'.'.'..'.". 75 

Application Blanks, per hundred 5O 

Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred . . 60 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty . .. . 25 

Notice of Arrearage, per hundred 40 

Notice of Suspension, p(»r hundred 40 

Secretary 's Receipts, per hundred '45 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred ] 40 

Treasurer 's Receipts 40 

Trade Cards, per hundred 50 

Demit Cards, each / 'q\ 

Withdrawal Cards, each .\ qi 

Better Degree Work, by S. H. Holland ..'.'.'.'.'..'. 2 00 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer Whitehead) *^ 10 

Book of Patriotic Plays, Tableaux and Recitations' '. J5 

Humorous Recitations, Poetry and Prose 35 

Grfn^e^H^if Planf .'.^.' ^'"^°^' Movement in Pennsylvania', by 'Vv.' f'. 'Hill' .* .' 'f^ 

ordpr ° Thlf SpL^f^L''-^ ^^! ^^T .«"PPl'^«' the cash must 'always accompany the 
order. The Secretary is not authorized to open accounts 

T ^/e"»'tt«"^«"%8^o»ld be made by Postal Money Orders, Checks, or Registeroi 
Ivetter. Orders for supplies must bear the Seal of the Grange for which ordered. 

By order of Executive Committee, 

John H. I^ght, Secretary, 
Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



MK DOAK CRITICIZES 
ATTEMPTS TO STOP 

ALIEN DEPORTATION 

Secretary of Labor Says Action of 
Societies and Individuals in Such 
Cases Is Un-American 

The United States Department of 
Tabor has a right to feel, I think, that 
iJs work is and has been helpful to 
labor, to men, to women, to children, 
to general industry and to the coun- 

trv. 

Employment is the keystone of la- 
bor's structure. Probably the prin- 
cipal aim of the department of which 
I am chief is to keep labor and em- 
ployment as continual partners. The 
endeavors are constant, even if results 
are not constant, because results, as 
you know, must depend largely upon 
conditions in the communities and in 
the country at large. Recently this 
land of ours has had its troubles, but 
I hope and believe that before long 
these brambles of trouble will be re- 
moved from the pathway, and that 
progress again will me made un- 
checked. Every American has his 
duty to do in the field of aiding the 
accomplishment of this end. The goal 
is employment for all in an environ- 
ment of prosperity. 

There are many services in the De- 
partment of Labor: Conciliation, 
Statistics, Employment, Naturaliza- 
tion, the Women's Bureau, the Chil- 
dren's Bureau and Immigration. 

I believe that the strongest factor in 
the maintenance of industrial peace 
is the conference table. If conference 
fails, conciliation through the medium 
of sympathetic mediators is at- 
tempted. 

If both fail, arbitration comes next. 
The department's service of concilia- 
tion affords a means of taking each of 
these steps. It has been the greatest 
means of accommodation in industrial 
relations known to the civilized world. 
I am proud of it and all who know of 
its splendid work I am sure can feel 
gratified with its excellent progress. 

Now I come to the Immigration 
Service, of which I wish to speak to- 
day somewhat emphatically. Nearly 
all immigrants are potential wage- 
earners and this countr.v has come to 
realize that unrestricted immigration 
in past years is in large measure re- 
sponsible for the oversupply of some 
classes of labor in this land, even in 
prosperous times. 

Immigration, however, is no longer 
an economic menace, for under an or- 
der of President Hoover, supplement- 
ing legislation, fewer immigrants are 
now being admitted than at any time 
during the past century. These fig- 
ures are not hard to gra.sp. Only 3,799 
inimigrants were admitted in May of 
this year, as compared with 19,414 in 
th( corresponding month of last year. 
To make it simpler, perhaps, only one 
immigrant comes in now where five 
came in a year ago. Still more strik- 
ing, porhaps, is the comparison with 
■^la.v, 1914, when with the doors wide 
open nearly 108,000 aliens were ad- 
"iitted. or virtually 30 times as many 
as came to us in the corresponding 
"lonth of the current year. 
, .^^day, the number of aliens leaving 
this country of their own accord is 
considerably in excess of those who 
are coming in. This exodus is in- 
creased further by deportations, and 
^y departures that are i)ermitted in 
'leu of deportations. 



legal right, but I am quite sure that 
the number has been greatly decreased 
through activities of the Immigration 
Border Patrol, a force of picked men, 
which has done and is doing a high 
service in the protection of the United 
States from what otherwise might 
have been an invasion by hordes of 
aliens. 

Now, I want to go to another sub- 
ject connected closely with what I 
have said. It has to do with the at- 
tempts of individuals, and of certain 
highly organized societies to prevent 
the deportation of aliens illegally in 
this country, or of those who having 
come in legally have committed acts 
which subject them to deportation. 
During the fiscal year which ended 16 
days ago, more than 18,000 aliens 
were formally deported and many 
thousands of others who might have 
been expelled were permitted to go 
voluntarily. 

Many of these aliens who were or- 
dered deported were affiliated with or- 
ganizations whose announced purpose 
it is to overthrow the Government of 
the United States by force and vio- 
lence. 

It is to prevent the deportation of 
aliens of this kind that the energies of 
certain individuals and societies are 
directed. There are persons and so- 
cieties in this country who sneer at 
the word "patriotism." They believe 
and preach that a man has a right to 
advocate by speech or by writing the 
annihilation of our democratic form 
of Government, and for his speech and 
writing to go untouched of the law. 

Seeks Base of Reasoning 

It has been a puzzle to me always 
to learn upon what ground these or- 
ganizations and these individuals base 
their reasoning. There is nothing 
American in it, nothing democratic. 
They aid these preachers of violence 
in their appeals to the courts, and 
then if the courts uphold the orders 
of deportation, they descend upon the 
Department of Labor with this plea 
or that plea for a change in the de- 
portation order. In the first instance 
they base their pleas on the right of 
a man to say anything he wants in 
defiance of the statutes, but when 
these pleas are ineffective in the 
courts, they quickly resort to some 
plea which they think has a humani- 
tarian touch. They weep copiously 
over the plight in which their clients 
have found themselves and use sp<^ 
cious and lachrymose argument in 
their behalf. Again, I do not under- 
stand these un-American Americans. 
We have heard frequently the slogan 
"America first"; the slogan of these 
precious ones seems to be "America 
last." They love every country but 
their own, and again, the things that 
they do are past understanding. 

The Department of Labor is trying 
to do its work under the law. It ex- 
ercises humanity in many cases, but 
of these cases one hears little. The 
human element enters into the de- 
partment's activities along all its 
lines, and this I wish to have under- 
stood. We seek always the good of 
country. 



Bf 



Efforts Increase 



..'^•'^'^^rs against immigration, of 
^nich the quota law is the chief one, 

aturally have resulted in increased 
^n^u ^^ ^»^^ i^^egal entry. No rea- 
m, u ^^tiniate can be made of the 
oumber who thus come in without 



The editor of Ranch and Field in 
Texas has stated that he believes the 
(J range can be of greater service in 
this period of agricultural reconstruc- 
tion than ever before, further stating 
that we must build up Local Commu- 
nities, provide strong, county organi- 
zations, united in State and National 
units. This is just what the Grange 
has been doing for 65 years. 



Teacher: *'Who can tell me what 
a geyser is?" 

Bobby: "It's a waterfall where the 
water falls upward." 




L. J. TABER. 

Worthy "National Master 



WE'RE GOING OVER 

with your help . . . 



JUDGING from the immense in- 
terest shown in the subordinate 
Granges of New York, Pennsyl- 
vania, Ohio and New Jersey and 
from the many inquiries and re- 
quests for complete information re- 
ceived at the headquarters of the 
campaign, this year's contest is 
already a success. 

While the number of contestants 
and subordinate Granges interested 
is great, we want to make the num- 
ber still greater; and we want you 
to consider fully the wonderful op- 
portunity this campaign offers to you 
as a Granger and to your Grange, 

In co-operation with the Campaign 
Committee, this advertisement is pre- 
sented by the 
FARMERS AND TRADERS LIFE INS. CO. 
STATE TOWER BLDG. 
SYR.\CUSE, N. Y. 



and the benefits you will derive by 
giving us your utmost co-operation. 

There is yet time for you to get in 
the race and to show to yourself and 
to all of us your true brotherly 
spirit. We are counting on you to 
swell the ranks, and your coming 
with us in this wonderful demon- 
stration will surely help to put it 
over in true Grange fashioxi. 

If you want complete details of this 
campaign, write to the address be- 
low or inquire from the Master of 
your Grange, who i