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Full text of "Medical lexicon : a dictionary of medical science : containing a concise explanation of the various subjects and terms of anatomy, physiology, pathology, hygiene, therapeutics, pharmacology, pharmacy, surgery, obstetrics, medical jurisprudence, dentistry, etc. : notices of climate, and of mineral waters : formulae for officinal, empirical, and dietetic preparations, etc : with French and other synonymes"

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I. (Just Issukd.) 


EUHj fife Jmtoi ani ffeirtj-to $anbsnme Illustrations 011 |Pjm&, 


In two large and handsome octavo volumes, of about 1500 pages ; leather, price, $7. 

Iu preparing the present edition, " no paius 
have been spared to make the work a complete 
expression of the science of the day." This 
statement our own examination of the work en- 
ables us to confirm ; every page of it testifying 
to the author's industry in culling from various 
quarters and sources all that was valuable in the 
physiological contributions to science of the last 
few years. The careful and scrutinizing spirit 
exhibited by the writer when investigating mooted 
questions, the extensive information he possesses 

of general science in almost every department, 
and the clear and happy style in which he pre- 
sents his views, render his Physiology one of the 
most reliable and attractive works in our language. 
To the practitioner and general reader, we can 
heartily recommend it as an excellent resume of 
the present state of physiological science. As a 
text-book for the student, we think it has no su- 
perior in our language, and for this object we 
presume it was chiefly, if not expressly written. — 
Med. Examiner, Oct., 1856. 

II. (Now Ready, July, 185 7.) 




In two very handsome octavo volumes, of about 1100 pages ; leather, price $6. 

The most complete and satisfactory exponent 
of the existing state of Therapeutical Science, 
within the moderate limits of a text- book, of any 
hitherto published. What gives the work a su- 
perior value, in our judgment, is the happy blend- 
ing of Therapeutics and Materia Medica, as they 
are or ought to be taught in all our Medical 
schools; going no further into the nature and 
commercial history of drugs than is indispensable 

for the medical student. This gives to the treatise 
a clinical and practical character, calculated to 
benefit, in the highest degree, both students and 
practitioners. We shall adopt it as a text-book 
for our classes, while pursuing this branch of 
medicine, and shall be happy to learn that it hns 
been adopted as such in all of our medical insti- 
tutions. — The N. Y. Journal of Medicine. 

III. (Just Issued.) 



Seventh. Edition, with extensive Additions. 
In one very large octavo volume, of 770 pages ; leather, $3.75. 

It may be considered almost a work of super- 
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work which has reached its seventh edition. The 
public has pronounced, in the most authoritative 
manner, its verdict, and we are certainly not dis- 
posed in the present instance to dispute its de- 
cision. In truth, such books as this will always 
be favorably received by the Profession of our 
country. They are labor-saving productions, 
which, at the expense of much research and 
reading to the author, condense in a convenient 

space the novelties and discoveries of the age. 
The present edition of this work is considerably 
enlarged and improved. The author, with bis 
accustomed accuracy, has elaborated and amplified 
many of the articles but casually or imperfectly 
treated of in the former editions ; and he has also 
added considerably to the list of new remedies. 
About thirty new agents, or novel applications 
of old remedies, are introduced to the notice of the 
reader in this edition. — Va. Med. and Surg. Jour., 
Sept., 1856. 





In two large octavo volumes, of about 1500 pages ; leather, $6.25. 

The student of medicine will find in these two that will nerve him with courage, and faithfully 
elegant volumes a mine of facts, a gathering of direct him in his efforts to relieve the physical suf- 
precepts and advice from the world of experience, ferings of the race. — Boston Med. and Surg. Jour. 
















Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1857, by 


in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. 


P E E F A C E . 

On this new edition of his " Jledical Lexicon," the author has bestowed 
more than usual labour. It is not more than four years since a friendly re- 
viewer, in one of the most learned of European medical periodicals, (the 
"British and Foreign Medico- Chir urgical Reeieic'' 1 for July, 1853, p. 205,) 
in noticing a former edition, remarked, that the labour which had been bestowed 
upon the work had "been something prodigious;" adding — "the work, how- 
ever, has been now done, and we are happy in the thought, that no human 
being will have again to undertake the same gigantic task. Revised and 
corrected from time to time, Dr. Dunglison's 'Medical Lexicon' will last for 
centuries. " 

Yet, in the present edition, not only has the work been "revised and cor- 
rected," but about six thousand subjects and terms have been added, which are 
not to be found in the one noticed by the "British and Foreign." Many of 
these have been introduced into medical terminology in consequence of the 
progress of the science ; whilst others had escaped the author in the previous 
editions. These additions have necessarily required a great amount of labour, 
which — as on every former occasion of the kind — has been cheerfully bestowed, 
in order that the work might be rendered still more worthy of the vast favour 
which it has experienced. It has ever been the anxious desire of the author to 
make it a satisfactory and desirable — if not indispensable — lexicon, in which the 
student may search without disappointment for every term that has been legiti- 
mated in the nomenclature of the science ; and the present very carefully 
revised, greatly enlarged, and accurately printed edition cannot fail to be more 
extensively useful, and to offer stronger claims to the attention of the practi- 
tioner and student, than any of its predecessors. 

The author is grateful for the opportunity again afforded him of expressing 
his acknowledgments for the reception which the Dictionary has met with 
everywhere from the profession. 


Philadelphia, 1116 Gieard St. 

July, 1857. 



If the simple synonymy of any term be needed, a mere reference to the term 
may be sufficient ; but if farther information be desired, it may be obtained under 
the term referred to. For example, the French word Tronc is said to be 
synonymous with Trunk. This may be sufficient for the inquirer : should it 
not, the requisite information may be found by turning to Trunk. 








Ph. D. 


of Dublin. 



Ph. E. 





Ph. L. 





Ph. P. 





Ph. U. S 


of the Uni- 

F. or Fah. 


ted States 



of America. 













Imp. meas. 

Imperial measure. 






Specific Gravity. 









Nat Ord. 

Natural Order. 

Sex. Syst 

. Sexual System 


Old Eng. 

Old English. 












A, before a consonant; An before a vowel, a, av, 
have, in the compound medical terms, a privative 
or debasing signification, like that of the particles 
in. im, un, ir, in English. Thus: Stheni'a means 
strength; Antheni'a, want of strength; Ancemia, 
want of blood, etc. Occasionally, in compound 
words, thev have an intensive meaning. 

AACHEN, Aix-la-Chapelle. 

A, or aa. See Abbreviation. 

AANDE, Breath. 

in the canton of Berne, in Switzerland. The 
chief spring contains chlorides of calcium and 
sodium, sulphates of lime and soda, oxyd of 
iron, and sulphohydric acid gas. 

A. \ S.MTS. Anhelatio. 

sulphuretted saline spring not far from Ratisbon 
or Regentsber?, in Bavaria. 

ABAISSEMENT, Depression; a. de la Cata- 
racte, see Cataract — a. de la Matrice, Prolapnifl 

pressor aire nasi — a. de Tangle da Itvre*, De- 
pressor anguli oris — a. de la lecre in/frii we, 
Depressor labii inferioris — a. de la lanr/ue, Glos- 
hus — a. da la mtaekoire infirienre, Digas- 
tricus — a. de Va il. Rectus inferior oculi. 


ABA LIEN A'TUS. Corrup'hu, Corrupted; from 
id,, and alienus, 'different.' Membra abaliena'ta. 
Limbfl dead or benumbed. — Celsus, Scribonius 

ABANGA. Name given by the inhabitants of 
St. Thomas to the fruit of a palm tree, the seeds 
of which they consider very useful in diseases 
of the chest, in the dose of three or four, two or 
three times a day. 

ABAPTIST'A. Ahaptin'tnn or Abnptin'tum, from 
a, privative, and Patrt^nv, 'to plunge.' A term 
applied to the old trepan, the conical shape of 
which prevented it from plunging suddenly into 
the cavitv of the cranium. 

ABAPTISTON, Abaptista, 

ABAPTI8TUM, Abaptista. 

ABARBMO TBMO. A Brazilian tree, which 
grows in the noon tains, and appears to be B 
mimosa. Pise relate* that the decoction of its 

hark, which is bitter and astringent, was applied 
in that eonntrj to ulcers of a had character. 
ABARNAHAS, Magnesia. 

ABARTICULATIO, Diarthrosis, and Synar- 

A BA TA RDTSSEMENT, Degeneration. 
ABATTEMENT, Prostration. 



ABATTIS, Giblets. 

chalybeate spring, six leagues from Paris, and 
one from Poissy. It was once much frequented, 
but is now abandoned. 

acidulous chalybeate at Abbeville, in the depart- 
ment of Somme, France. 

ABBREVIATION, Abbrevia'tio, Brachj/n'ti*, 
Brachys'mos, Abbreviatu'ra. (F.) Abreviatiou, 
from brevity 'short.' Abbreviations are chiefly 
used in medicinal formula?. They are by no 
means as frequently employed now as of old, 
when every article had its appropriate symbol. 
The following are some of the abbreviations 
which have been or are employed : 

R. Recipe, Take. 

A. aa, ANA, (ava) titriusqne, of each. 
ABDOM. Abdomen. 

Abs. Febr. Absente febre, In the absence of 

An. or Add. Adde or addatur. 

Ad. Lib. Ad libitum, At pleasure. 

Admov. Admoveatur, Let it be applied. 

Ai.tern. IIor. Alternif horix. Every other hour. 

Alt. Adstiuct. Alio adstrictd, The bowels 
being confined. 

Aq. Aqua, Water. 

Aq. Bill. Aqua bullicns, Boiling water. 

Ay. Com.u. Aqua communis. Common water. 

Aq. Fbbv. Aqua fervent, Hot water. 

Aq. Font. Aqua fontie, Spring water. 

Aq. Makin. Aqua marina, Sea water. 

B. A. Balneum arena, A sand-bath. 
Bals. BalsaMUM t Balsam. 

BB. BBDS. Barbadensis, Barbadoes. 

Bib. Bib>, Drink. 

Bis ind. Bit indie*, Twice daily. 

B. M. Balneum mariae, (I*\) Bain marie, A water 

Bo I.. BnluR. 

Bill. Bui Hat, Let it boil. 

Bit. Butymm, Butter. 

]:. Y. Balneum vaporie, A vapour bath. 

('. Congiue, A gallon. 

< ' i:iti 1.. CaruU us, Blue. 

(' vi'. Capiat, Let him take. 

C. C. ''"run 1 ■> rri, Hartshorn. 

C. C. U. Cornu eervi upturn. Burnt hartshorn. 
C. M. Crae stand, To-morrow morning. 
C. N. Crat node, To-morrow night, 
C. V. Oraeveepere, To-morrow evening. 
c.i hi.. Cochlear* . A ppoonfaL 
Cocbl. A.mim.. Cochleare amplum, A large 





Cochl. Inf. Cochleare infantum, A child's 

Cochl. Mod. or Med. Cochleare modicum or 
medium, A dessert-spoonful. 

Cochl. Parv. Cochleare jiarvum, A tea-spoonful. 
Col. Cola, and Colaturee, Strain, and to the 

Com P. Compositw, Compound. 

Conf. Confectio, Confection. 

Cons. Conserva, Conserve. 

Cont. Continuetur, Let it be continued. 

Coq. Coque, Boil. 

Cort. Cortex, Bark. 

Crast. Crastinus, For to-morrow. 

CUJ. Cujus, Of which. 

Cujusl. Cujuslibet, Of any. 

Cyath. Cyathus, A glassful. 

Cyath. The^s, A cup of tea. 

D. Dosis, A dose. 

D. et S. Detur et signetur {placed at the end 
of a prescription). 

D. D. Detur ad, Let it be given in or to. 

Deaur. Pil. Deauretur ])ilula, Let the pill be 

Deb. Spiss. Debita spissitudo, A due consist 

Dec. Decanta, Pour off. 

Decub. Decubitus. Lying down, going to bed. 

De D. in D. De die in diem, From day to day 

Dej. Alv. Dejectiones alvi, Alvine evacuations 

Dep. Depuratus, Purified. 

Dest. Destilla, Distil. 

Det. Detur, Let it be given. 

Dieb. Altern. Diebiis alterni's. Every other day. 

Dieb. Tbrt. Diebus tertlis. Every third day. 

Dig. Digeratur. Let it be digested. 

Dil. Dilutus, Dilute. 

Dim. Dimidius, One-half. 

DlV. Divide, Divide. 

Donec Alv. Solut. Fuer. Donee alvus soluta 
fuerit, Until the bowels are opened. 

Drach. Drachma, A drachm. 

Ejusd. Ejusdem, Of the same. 

Enem. Enema, A clyster. 

Exhib. Exhibeatur. Let it be exhibited. 

Ext. super Alut. Extende super alutam, Spread 
upon leather. 

F. Fiat, Let it be made. 

F. Pil. Fiat pilula, Make into a pill. 

F. Venues, or F. VS. Fiat veneesectio, Let bleed- 
ing be performed. 

Feb. Dur. Febre durante, The fever continuing. 

Fem. Intern. Femoribus internis, To the insidt 
of the thighs. 

Fist. Armat. Fistula arrnafa, A bag and pip* 
— a clyster pipe and bladder fitted for use. 

Fl. Fluidus, and Flares, Fluid, and Flowers. 

Frust. Frustillatim, In small pieces. 

Gel. Quavis. Gelatind qudvis, In any kind of 

G. G. G. Gummi gnttaz Gambias, Gamboge. 
Gr. Granum, A grain. 

Gt. Gutta, A drop. Gtt. Guttce, Drops. 

Gtt. or Gutt. Quibusd. Guttis quibusdam, With 
gome drops. 

Gum. Gummi, Gum. 

Guttat. Guttatim, By drops. 

Hor. Decub. Hord decubitus. At bed-time. 

Hor. Interm. Horis intermediis, At interme- 
diate hours. 

H. S. Hard somni, At bed-time. 

Inf. Infunde, Infuse. 

Ind. Indies, Daily. 

Inj. Enem. Injiciatur enema, Let a clyster be 

In Pulm. In pulmento, In gruel. 

Jul. Julepus, A julep. 

Lat. Dol. Lateri dolenti, To the pained side. 

Lb. and Lib. Libra, A pound weight. 

Lib. Llb. Librae, Pounds. 

LlQ. Liquor. 

M. Misce, Mix. 

Mac. Macera, Macerate. 

Man. J/aniptlu8, A handful. 

Man. Prim. Ma ne p ri mo, Early in the morning. 

Mic. Pan. Mica panis, Crumb of bread. 

Mix. Minimum, The 60th part of a drachm by 

Mitt. Mitte, Send. 

Mitt. Sang. Mittatur sanguis, Let blood be 

Mod. Prescript. Modo prascripto, In the 
manner directed. 

Mor. Sol. More solito, In the usual manner. 

Mnc. Mncilago, Mucilage. 

N. M. Nux moschata, Nutmeg. 

0. Octarius, A pint. 

01. Oleum, Oil. 

Ol. Lini, S. I. Oleum lini sine igne, Cold-drawn 
linseed oil. 

Omn. Bid. Omni biduo, Every two days. 

Omn. Bih. Omni bihorio. Every two hours. 

Omn. Hor. Omni hard. Every hour. 

Omn. Man. Omni maiie, Every morning. 

Omn. Nocte, Every night. 

Omn. Quadr. Hor. Omni quadrante horce, 
Every quarter of an hour. 

0. 0. 0. Oleum olivcB optimum, Best olive oil. 

Ov. Ovum, An egg. 

Ox. Oxymel. 

Oz. Uncia, An ounce. 

P. Pondere, By weight, and Pars, A part. 

P. and Pug. Pugi litis, A pugil. 

P. IE. Partes cequales, Equal parts. 

Part. Vic. Partitis vicibus, In divided doses. 

Peract. Op. Emet. Peractd operatione emetici, 
The operation of the emetic being over. 

Pil. Pilula, A pill. Pil. or Pill. Pilula, 

Post. Sing. Sed. Liq. Post singulas sedes 
Uquidas, After every liquid evacuation. 

Pot. Potio. A potion. 

P. P. Pu/ris patrum, Jesuits' bark. 

P. Rat. jEtat. Pro ratione cetatis, According 
to the age. 

P. R. N. Pro re natd, As occasion may be. 

Pulv. Pulvis, A powder. 

Q. P. Quantum placeat, As much as may please. 

Q. S. Quantum sujficit, As much as is suificient. 

QuOR. Quorum, Of which. 

Q. V. Quantum volueris, As much as you wish. 

Rad. Radix, Root. 

Ras. Rasttrce, Shavings. 

Rect. Rcctificatus, Rectified. 

Red. or Redig. in Pulv. Redactus in pnlre- 
rem, or Redigatur in pulverem, Powdered, or Let 
it be powdered. 

Reg. Umbil. Regio umbilici, The umbilical 

Repet. Repetatur, Let it be repeated. 

S. A. Secundum artem, According to art. 

Sem. Semen, Seed. 

Semi-dr. Semi-drachma, half a drachm. 

Semi-h. Semi-hora, Half an hour. 

Serv. Serva, Keep, preserve. 

Sesquih. Sesquihora, An hour and a half. 

Sesunc. Sesuncia, An ounce and a half. 

Si NonVal. Si nonvaleat, If it does not answer. 

Si Op. Sit. Si opus sit, If there be need. 

SiVir. Perm. Sivirespermitta>it, If the strength 
will permit. 

Sing. Singulorum, Of each. 

Solv. Solre, Dissolve. 

Sp. and Spir. Spiritus, Spirit. 

Ss. Semi, One half. 

St. Stet, Let it stand. 

Sub Fin. Coct. Sub finem coctionis, Towards 
the end of the boiling. 




Sum. Sumat, Let him take; also, Summitatts, 
The tops. 

S. V. Spirit us vini, Spirit of wine. 

S. V. 11. Spiritu* tint rectificattu, Rectified 
spirit of wine. 

S. V. T. Spiritu* rini tenuior, Proof spirit of wine. 
Syrupue, Syrup. 

I BMP. Dkxt. Tempori dtxtro, To the right 

T. 0. Tinctura opii, Tincture of opium. 

Tit., Tit a. and Tim it. Tinctura, Tincture. 

TitiT. Tritun,, Triturate. 

V. 0. S. or Vir. Or. SoL. ViUllo ovi solutus, 
Dissolve,! in tlie yolk of an egg. 

VS. Venaseectio, Venesection. 

Z.Z. Anciently myrrh: now zinzlber or ginger. 

Tb, Libra, A pound, lib. Pounds. 

5, I 'mid. An ounce. 

f 5, Ftuiduneia, A Huidounce. 

g. Drachma, A drachm. 

f3Ji Fluidrachma, A tluidrachm. 

►), ScmpulutHf A scruple. 

TTJJ, Mini ilium, A minim. 

Mutts, or half; iss, one and a half. 

j. one; ij, two; iij, three; iv, four, &c. See 

The same system is not always followed in ab- 
breviating. The subjoined will exhibit the usual 
mode : 


In/us. Colomb. f ^ iss 

Tinct. Gent. comp. f^i 

Si/r. Cort. Aurunt. f^S 

Tinct, caps. gtt. xl. M. 

Capt. coch. ij. p. r. n. 

This, written at length, is as follows : 

Infuei Colombo? sesqui-fluidunciam. 
Tineturm Gentianes Oompoeita Auidrachmara. 
Syntpi Corticis Aurantiorum seini-fluidraeh- 

Tinctura Capsici guttas quadraginta. 
Mi see. 

Capiat cochlearia duo pro re nata. 
In the United Suites the directions are always 
written in English. 

ABOBS, Abscess — a. Aigu, see Abscess. 
button or Shirt-stud Abscess. A deep-seated mam- 
mary abscess, following the septa of the breast, 
and appearing under the skin, so as eventually to 
give rise to one or more subcutaneous abscesses, 
without losing the original character of submam- 
mary suppuration. A cavity exists between the 
integuments and the gland — another, larger, be- 
tween the mamma and the chest — the two com- 
mnnieating by a passage, whieh is generally nar- 
row — the whole having the exact appearance of a 
shirt- stud. — Velpeau. 

ABCES CHAUD, see Abscess — a. Chronique, 
see Abscess — o. par Congestion, see Abe 
a. Ooneicutif, Abscess, metastatic — a. Diatheei- 
c Abscess — <i. Froid, see Abscess — a. Mi- 
taetatique, Abscess, metastatic — ". Retro-uterine, 
see Retro-uterine — a. Scro/uleux, see Abscess — a. 
8oudnin t see Abscess. 

ABDO'MEN, from abdere, 'to conceal;' be- 
cause U conceals the viscera: by some, fancifully 
presumed to be from abdere, ' to conceal,' and 
omentum, 'the caul.' Vromabdo is formed abdo- 
- from lego, legume*. Etron, Hypogcu'trion, 
Phyed, Hypocos' Hum, Epie'chion, Lap'ara, fly- 
pochoi'lion, Oaett r, Hupou'trion, Nedyt, Neies'ra, 
Xti'ra, Abdu' nun. Venter, Venter imue, Venter 
in'fimue, Alvus, tPterue, The belly, (So.) fCyte, 
Penehe, Weam. (Prov.) Baggie, II <g, Wem, Pook, 
(F.) Ventre, V. in/erieur. Bat ventre. Tiic larg- 
est of the three splauchuic cavities, bouuded, 

above, by the diaphragm ; below, by the pelvis ; 
behind, by the lumbar vertebra' j and at the Bldei 
and fore part, by muscular expansions. It i» dis- 
tinguished into three anterior regions, from abore 
to below; ris. the epigastric, umbilical, and hypo- 
gastric, each of which is itself divided into three 
others, one middle, and two lateral: thus, the 
epigaetrie region comprises the epigaetrimm and 
hypochondria ; the umbilical, the umbilicu$ and 
jtanlcx or lumbar region* ,• and the hypogastric, 
the hypogaetrium and iliac regione. None of 
igiODS has its limits well defined. The 
chief viscera contained in the cavity of the abdo- 
men, Ca'lia, ('arum Abdom' inis, are the stomach, 
intestines, liver, spleen, pancreas, kidneys, <tc. 
It is lined by the peritoneum. 

AnnoMKN. Pkmhi.ois, Physeonia. 

ABDOM'IXAL, Abdomina'lie, Ventra'lie, Ven- 
tral. That whieh belongs to the Abdomen, as 
abdominal muscles, abdominal viscera, &c. 


ABDOMINOSCOP'IA, Oattroeeop'ia, Lapa- 
rosco})' ia, Abdomfinie Explora'tio. Abdom'inoe- 
eopy. A hybrid word, from abdomen, 'the lower 
belly,' and oKoiriia, ' I view.' Examination of the 
lower belly as a means of diagnosis. See Aus- 

ABDOMTNOUS, Vcntrio'sus, Ventro'sus, from 
abdomen, 'the belly.' Jiiy -bellied, Jiig-paunched, 
Ventrip'otent. Having a large abdomen. 

ABDUCENS LABIORUM, Levatoranguli oris. 

ABDUCENTES, Motor ocnli externus. 

ABDUCTEUH DE L'(EIL, Rectus externus 
oculi — a. de Foreille, Abductor auris — a. du 
gros ovteil, Abductor pollicis pedis — a. du petit 
orteil, Abductor minimi digiti pedis — a. court du 
ponce, Abductor pollicis brevis — a. long du ponce, 
Abductor longus pollicis. 

ABDUCTION, Abduc'tio, from abdncere, to 
separate, (ab and ducere, 'to lead.') The move- 
ment which separates a limb or other part from 
the axis of the body. 

The word has also been used synonymously 
with Abmj/tio, Apag'ma, Apoclas'ma, a fracture 
near the articular extremity of a bone, with sepa- 
ration of the fragments. 

ABDUCTOR, same etymon. (F.) Abducteur. 
A muscle which moves certain parts by separat- 
ing them from the axis of the body. 

Abductor Auricularis, Abductor auris — a. 
Indicts pedis, Prior indicis pedis, Posterior indicis 
pedis — a. Medii digiti pedis, Prior medii digiti 
pedis — a. Minimi digiti, Flexor parvus minimi 
digiti — a. Minimi digiti, Prior minimi digiti — a. 
Oculi, Rectus externus oculi — a. Pollicis mantis, 
and a. Brevis alter, Abductor pollicis brevis. 

Abductor Auris, Abductor auricula' rie. (F.) 
Abducteur de Voreille. A portion of the posterior 
auris, whose existence is not constant, which 
passes from the mastoid process to the concha. 

Abductor In'dicis, Semi-interos'seus in'dicie. 
A muscle which arises from the os trapezium and 
metacarpal bone of the thumb, and is inserted 
into the first bone of the forefinger. Its use is to 
bring the forefinger towards the thumb. 

Audi (tou Min'imi Dk;"iti, Carpo-phaian'geun 

miu'imi digiti, Carpo-plialangieu du petit doigt, 

Exten'eor ter'tii interna' dii minimi digiti — (Dou- 
glas.) Hypoih'enar minor metacarpals. See 
Flexor parvus. It originates, fleshy, from the os 
pisiforme, and from the annular ligament near 
it : and is inserted, tendinous, into the inner side 
of the base of the first bone of the little finger. 
Uee, to draw the little finger from the rest 

ABDUOTOB Minimi Digiti PnDIS, Calco-sub- 

phalangeue minimi digiti, Galeaneo-phalangien 

du petit orteil. Parath'enar major — (I$y Wins- 

lllow, the muscle is divided into two portions,— 




Parathenar major and metatarseus.) Calcaneo- 
sous-phalangien du petit orteil — (Ch.) (F.) Ab- 
ducteur du petit orteil. This muscle forms the 
outer margin of the sole of the foot, and is im- 
mediately beneath the plantar aponeurosis. It 
arises, tendinous and fleshy, from the outer side 
of the protuberance of the os calcis, and from 
the root of the metatarsal bone of the little toe, 
and is inserted into the outer part of the root of 
the first bone of the little toe. Use, to draw the 
little toe outwards. 

Abductor Pol'licts Brevis, Abductor Polli- 
cia 3fanu8, Scapho-carpo-super-phalangeus Pol- 
lici8, Sus-phalangien du pouce, A. pollicis manus 
and A. brevis alter — (Albinus.) (F.) Abducteur 
court du pouce, Carpo-8U8-phalangien du pouce — 
(Ch.) A short, flat, triangular muscle, which arises 
from the anterior surface of the os scaphoides and 
the annular ligament of the carpus, and termi- 
nates at the outside of the upper extremity of 
the first phalanx of the thumb. A particular por- 
tion, on the inner side of this muscle, is called, by 
Albinus, Abductor brevis alter. 

Abductor Longus Pollicis, A. I. P. Mantis, 
Extensor ossis metacarpi pollicis manus, Extensor 
primi internodii — (Douglas,) Extensor primus 
Pollicis, Cubito-radi-sus-metacarpien du pouce, 
Cubito-sus-metacarpien du pouce, — (Ch.) (F.) 
Abducteur long du pouce. A long, thin muscle, 
arising from the posterior surface of the ulna, 
radius, and interosseous ligament, and inserted at 
the outer side of the upper extremity of the first 
metacarpal bone. 

Abductor Pollicis Pedis, Calco-sub-phalan- 
geus Pol'licis. (F.) Abducteur du gros orteil. 
This muscle arises, fleshy, from the anterior and 
inner part of the protuberance of the os calcis, 
and tendinous from the same bone where it joins 
with the os naviculare. It is inserted, tendinous, 
into the internal os sesamoideum and root of the 
first bone of the great toe. Use, to pull the great 
toe from the rest. 

The name Abductor has been given also to all 
those interosseous muscles of the hand and foot, 
which perform the motion of abduction on the 
fingers or toes, and to muscles which execute the 
same function on other parts of the body. 

ABDUMEN, Abdomen. 

ABEB.E'OS, from a, neg., and (lepaios, 'firm,' 
Infir'mus, Deb'ilis. Weak, infirm, unsteady. 


ABELMELUCH. One of the names of the Rici- 
nus, according to some authors. — Prosper Alpinus 
says that a tree, which grows about Mecca, is so 
called. Its seeds, which are black and oblong, 
are said to be a most violent cathartic. 

ABELMOSCHUS, Hibiscus abelmoschus — a. 
Moschatus, Hibiscus abelmoschus. 

ABELMUSK, Hibiscus abelmoschus. 

is a city of Bavaria, where there is a cold, sul- 
phureous spring. 

ABERRATIO, Aberration — a. Lactis, Galac- 
toplania — a. Mensium, Menstruation, vicarious — 
a. Menstruorum, Menstruation, vicarious. 

ABERRA'TION, Aberra'tio, from aberrare, 
(ab and errare,) 'to stray,' 'to wander from.' 
This word has several meanings. 

1. The passage of a fluid of the living body 
into an order of vessels not destined for it. In 
this sense it is synonymous with the Error Loci 
of Boerhaave. 

2. The flow of a fluid towards an organ different 
from that to which it is ordinarily directed ; as in 
cases of vicarious hemorrhage. Aberrations of 
sense or judgment are certain errors in the percep- 
tions, or certain derangements of the intellectual 

The word is used in optics to designate the 

Jdispersion of the rays of light in passing through 
a lens. 

Aberration, Chromatic, Aberration of Re- 

Aberration op Refrangibil'ity, Chromatic 
aberra'tion, (F.) Aberration de Refrangibilite, 
Chromatisme, exists, when, as in a common lens, 
the rays that pass near the circumference of the 
lens are decomposed, so that a coloured image is 
observed. This aberration in the human eye is 
corrected by the iris, which does not permit the 
rays to fall near the circumference of the lens, 
and also by the crystalline lens itself, which, 
owing to its structure, serves the purposes of an 
achromatic glass. 

Aberration, Spherical, Aberration of sphe- 

Aberration op Spheric"ity or spher'ical ab- 
erra'tion takes place, when the rays, as in a com- 
mon lens, which pass through the centre of the 
lens, and those which pass near the circumfer- 
ence, are unequally refracted, so that they do not 
meet at a common focus. 

This aberration of sphericity in the human eye 
is corrected by the iris and lens. 

ABESSI, Realgar. 

ABEVACUA'TIO, Apoceno'sis, from ab, and 
evacuare, ' to empty.' An evacuation. A partial 
or imperfect evacuation. By some it is applied 
to an immoderate evacution. — Kraus. 

ABHAL. A fruit well known in India, and 
obtained from a species of cypress. It passes for 
an emmenagogue. 

ABIES, Pinus picea — a. Balsamea, Pinus bal- 

Abies Balsamifera, Pinus Balsamea — a. Ca- 
nadensis, Pinus Canadensis — a. Excelsa, see Pinus 
abies — a. Gallica, Pinus picea — a. Larix, Pinus 
larix — a. Pectinata, Pinus picea — a. Picea, Pinus 
picea — a. Rubra, Pinus rubra. 

ABIGA, Teucrium Chamaepitys. 

ABIOSIS, Death. 

ABIOTOS, Conium maculatum. 

ABIRRITA'TION, Abirrita'tio, from ab, priva- 
tive, and irritatio, ' irritation.' This word strictly 
means absence or defect of irritation. The disci- 
ples of Broussais used it to indicate a pathological 
condition, opposite to that of irritation. It may 
be considered as synonymous with debility, as- 
thenia, &c. 


ABLASTES, Sterile. 

ABLATIO, Extirpation. 

ABLEPH'ARUS, from a, privative, and /?Ae- 
<papov, ' eyelid.' One who has no eyelids. 

ABLEPSIA, Caecitas. 

ABLUENTIA, Detergents. 

ABLUENTS, Detergents. 

ABLUTION, Ablu'tio, Aponip'sis, Cataclys'- 
mus, from abluere, (ab and luere,) ' to wash.' A 
name given to legal ceremonies in which the 
body is subjected to particular affusions. Ablu- 
tion (especially of the extremities) with cold or 
tepid water is employed, therapeutically, to re- 
duce febrile heat. Also, the washing by which 
medicines are separated from the extraneous 
matters mixed with them. 

ABNORMAL, Abnormous. 

ABNORMITY, Anomalia. 

ABNOR'MOUS, Abnor'mis, Enor'mis, Abnor- 
mal, (F.) Anormal, from ab, 'from,' and norma, 
'rule.' Not conformable to rule; irregular. 

ABOLP'TION, Aboli"tio, destruction or sup- 
pression, from ab and luere (?) 'to wash.' A 
word, often employed, especially by the French, 
to express the complete suspension of any symp- 
tom or function. Abolition of the sight, e. g. is the 
complete loss of sight. 

ABOMA'SUS, Aboma'sum, Enys'tron, Yentric- 


tihi/t iutextina'lia, Rennet, (Sc.) Ruddikin, (F.) 
e. The lowermost or fourth stomach of 
ruminating animals. 


ABONDANCE, Plethora. 

ABORSIO. Abortion. 

ABORSUS, Abortion. 

ABORTICIDIUJf, Foeticide. 

ABOBTIF, Abortive. 


ABORTION, Abor'tne, Abor'tne, Abor'sJo, Dy*- 
:.t. Paraeye*eie abortus, 

Ami//')' six, Amfilo'iim, Aiiil'lo* niux, Ec'bo . 

bryotoc' \a, Diapk'tkora, Ectro'sis, E.rnmblo'ma, 
Examblo'eie, Eetroefmoe, ApopalWeie, Apopal'*i$, 
Apopk'thora, Pktkora, OomvuPeia u'teri, Deper- 

. -<./••-. .Mi<,-.irri:i'_'o: t'rrnu 
mi and win, * to rise." Applied bo that which has 
!i. The expulsion of the foetua 
the seventh month of Otero-gestation, or 
it is viable. The causes of this accident 
are referable either to the mother, and particu- J 
b.rly to the uterus: or to the ileitis and its de- 
pendencies. The causes, in the mother, may be : 
— extreme nervous susceptibility, great debility, 
plethora, faulty conformation. Ae. : and it is fre- 
quently induced immediately by intense mental 
emotion, violent exercise, Ae. the causes seated 
in the fetus are its death, rupture of the mem- 
branes. Ac. It most frequently occurs between 
the Mh and 12th weeks of gestation. The symp- 
toms of abortion are: — uterine hemorrhage with 
or without Hakes of decidua, with intermitting 
pain. When abortiou has once taken place, it is 
extremely apt to recur in subsequent pregnancies the same period. Some writers have called 
abortion, when it occurs prior to three months, 
Effluxion. The treatment must vary according 
to" the constitution of the patient and the causes 
giving rise bo it. In all cases, the horizontal 
posture and perfect quietude are indispensable. 

Abortion is likewise applied to the product of 
an untimely birth. — Abor'tne, Abor'tne, Apoble'- 
iii't, Apob'oli, Ecblo'ma, Atnblotkrid'ion, Ectro'- 
ma, /' >f' tu* immatu'rus, Abortment, (F.) Avor- 
ton, Avortin. 

TO ABORT, Aborx'ri. To miscarry. (F.) 
Ai'i titer. 

ABOR'TIYE, AbortVvue, Bebol'ine, Amblo'ti- 
'JnthriiCiinn, Ambol'iene, Pkthor'iue, Apo- 
phthor'iiiK, Ectrot'icus, Abortifa'ciene, Acyte'- 
n'm, Expel' lens, Phthi roc' tonus, Phthoroc' tonus, 
EcboV icux, Contractor u'teri, Accelerator Partue, 
Parturient, Partnrifa'eient, Ecbolie, (F.) Abor- 
tif. A medicine to which is attributed the pro- 
:' causing abortion. There is probably no 
direct agent of the kind. 
ABOB I'M EXT. Abortion. 
ABORTUS. Abortion. 
A BOUCHEMENT, Anastomosis. 
ABObl. \ZA. a tree of Madagascar, used, ac- 
oording to Flaeourt. in the practice of the coun- 
try, in diseases of the heart. 

.1 BOUTISSEMENT, Suppuration. 
ABO YE USES, see Oonvnleiomnaire, 
ABBA MAX. Abratax, Abraxas. A mystic 
term, expressing the number 365, to which the 
Cabalistfl attributed miraculous pro] 

ABRACADA'BRA, Abraeada'bm, the name 
of i Syrian idol, according I i Belden. This 
word, when pronounced and repeated in a 
form and a certain number of times, was sup- 
: > have the power of earing fevers and 
preventing many diseases. It wm< figured on 
amulets and worn suspended around the neck. 





1 X 3 "I X 

2 I X 

1 M 


ABRACALAN, A cabalistic term to which the 
Jews attributed the same virtue as to the word 

ABRASABRA, Abracadabra. 

ABRASAX, Abrabax. 

ABRA'SIOX, (Pror.) Fleck, Abra'eio, Apoeyr'- 
ma, Apoxye* 'mux, from abradere, [ab and l 
'to rasp.' A superficial excoriation, with I 
substance, under the form of small shreds, in the 
mucous membranes of the intestines, — (F.) /.'"- 
clures des Boyaux. Also an ulceration of the 
skin, possessing similar characters. According 
to Vieq d'Azyr, the word has been used for the 
absorption of the molecules composing the various 

ABRATIIAX", Artemisia abrotanum. 

ABRAXAS, Abrabax. 

ABRE, Abrus precatorius. 

A HUE VIA T10X, Abbreviation. 

ABRICOT, see Prunus Armeniaca — a. Suu- 
vage, Mammea Americana. 

AB RICO TIER, Prunus Armeniaca. 

ABROSIA, Abstinence. 

ABROTANUM, Artemisia abrotanum — a. 
Cathsum, Artemisia abrotanum — a. Mas, Arte- 
misia abrotanum. 

ABROTOXE, Artemisia abrotanum. 

ABROTOXI'TES, (oivos, 'wine,' understood.) 
Wine impregnated with Artemisia Abrotanum or 

ABROTOXUM, Artemisia Abrotanum. 

ABRUPTIO, Abduction. 

ABRUS PRECATO'RIUS, (from afoot, 'ele- 
gant.') Liq'orice Bunk, Red Bean, Love pea. 1 . I 
Abre, Liune a riglieee. A small ornamental 
shrub, found from Florida to Brazil, as well as in 
Egypt and the West Indies ; Nat. Ord. Legutni- 
Sex. SyeL Monadelphia Enneaudria; hav- 
ing beautiful scarlet seeds with a black spot. The 
roots and leaves are sweet mucilaginous demul- 
cents. The seeds of the American kind are con- 
ridered to be purgative and poisonous. They are 
employed to form rosaries, and hence called, in 
mockery. Jumble beads. 

ABSCESS, from abscedo, (abs, and cedere,) * I 
depart,' or 'separate from.' Absces'sus. Abxces' - 
rib, Apkiete'eie, A/i'jste'ma, Bepye'nia, Ecpye'eie, 
Reces'sua, Impos'thnme, Gathering, (Old Eng.) 
Apo8temacion,Apost'hume. (Sc.) HattreL (Prov.) 
Coulf Nunxpoet, Poetime. (F.) Abeee, DepSL A 
collection of pus in a cavity, the result of a mor- 
bid process. See Pyogenia, and Suppuration. 

The French have various distinctive terms for 

Ckaud, Ai<ju, Soudain, is one which fol- 
lows violent inflammation. 

Abces Emid, t'/ironique, Scrofuleu.r, cold, 
chronic, or scrofulous abscess, one which is the 
result of chronic or scrofulous inflammation. 

Abc&s par Congestion, A. diathesigue, a sympto- 
matic abscess; one which occurs in apart at a 
distance from the inflammation by which it is 
occasioned : e. g. a lumbar abeeeee j in which the 
inflammation may be in the lumbar vertebra.', 
whilst the pus exhibits itself at the groin. 

Alvkolar, Parulis — a. Cold, see 



Abscess, Metastat'ic, Absces'sua metnstat'- [ 
icux, (F.) Abces metastatique, A. consecutif, an 
abscess which forms suddenly, and sometimes ' 
without any precursory signs of inflammation, in 
a part of the body remote from one in a state of 
suppuration, and without presenting a sufficient 
reason for its development in the place which it 
occupies. It is a consequence of phlebitis. 

Abscess, Perforating of the Lung, see 
Lung, perforating abscess of the — a. Perilaryn- 
geal, see Perilaryngitis — a. Psoas, Lumbar ab- 
scess — a. Retropharyngeal, see Retropharyngeal 
— a. Shirtstud, Abces en bouton de chemise. 

Abscessus Capitis Sanguineus Neonatorum, 
Cephalajmatoma — a. Cerebri, Encephalopyosis — 
a. Gangraenescens, Anthrax — a. Gangraenosus,- 
Anthrax — a. Lacteus, Mastodynia apostematosa 
— a. Lumborum, Lumbar abscess — a. Mammte, 
Mastodynia apostematosa — a. Metastaticus, Ab- 
scess, metastatic — a. Nucleatus, Furunculus — a. 
Oculi, Hypopyon — a. Pectoris, Empyema — a. 
Pulmonum, Pneumapostema — a. Renalis, Ne- 
phrapostasis — a. Spirituosus, Aneurism — a. Tho- 
racis, Empyema — a. Urinosus, Urapostema. 
ABSCIS'SION, Abscis'io, Abscis'sio, from ab- 
scidere or abscindere, ' to cut off,' Apoc'ope, 
Apothrau'sis, Diac'ope. Excision or extirpation 
of a part, especially of a soft part. — Fabricius 

Fracture or injury of soft parts, with loss of 
substance. — Hippocrates. 
, Diminution, or loss of voice. — Celsus. 

Sudden and premature termination of a dis- 
ease. — Galen. 


see Murmur, respiratory. 

ABSINTHE, Artemisia absinthium. 
ABSINTHI'TES, a^iv^rng, Apsinthi'tes, Wine 
impregnated with Absinthium or Wormwood. — 

ABSINTHIUM, (Ph. U. S.,) Artemisia ab- 
sinthium — a. Marinum, Artemisia maritima — a. 
Maritimum, Artemisia maritima — a. Ponticum, 
Artemisia pontica — a. Romanum, Artemisia pon- 
tica — a. Santonicum, Artemisia santonica — a. 
Vulgare, Artemisia absinthium. 
ABSORBANT, Absorbent. 
ABSOR'BENT, Absor'bens, from absorbere(ab 
and sorbere,) ' to drink, to suck up/ (F.) Ab- 
sorbant. That which absorbs. 

Absorbent System is the collection of vessels, 
Vasa absorben'tia seu resorben'tia, and glands, 
which concur in the exercise of absorption. 

A medicine used for absorbing acidity in the 
stomach and bowels, as magnesia, chalk, <fcc. In- 
ver'tens, Resor'bens, Sat'urans, Pracip'itans. 

Also, any substance, such as cobweb, sponge, 
<fcc, which, when applied to a bleeding surface, 
retains the blood, and forms with it a solid and 
adhesive compound, which arrests the hemor- 

ABSORPTIO, Absorption — a. Sanguinis, 

ABSORP'TION, Absorp'tio, Resorp'tio, Inha- 
la'tio, Imbibit"io, Anar'rhophe, Anarrophe'sis, 
Catapino'sis, Rhoebde'sis, Catarrhophe'sis, Ca- 
tar'rhophe; same etymon. The function of ab- 
sorbent vessels, by virtue of which they take up 
substances from without or within the body. Two 
great divisions have been made of this function. 
1. External absorption, or the absorption of com- 
position, which obtains, from without the organs, 
the materials intended for their composition ; 
and, 2. Internal absorption, or the absorption of 
decomposition, which takes up from the organs 
the materials that have to be replaced by the 

By external absorption is meant not only that 
which takes place at the external surface of the 
body, but also that of the mucous membranes of 
the digestive and respiratory passages. Hence, 
again, the division of external absorption into cu- 
taneous — resorp'tio cuta'nea seu cutis, inhala'tio 
cutis, — intestinal or digestive, and pulmonary or 

Internal absorption is also subdivided into, 

1. Molecular or interstitial, nutritive, organic, or 
decomposing, which takes up from each organ the 
materials that constitute it, so that the decoinpo- 

I sition is always in equilibrio with the deposition. 

2. The absorption of recrementitial secreted fluids, 
such as the fluid of serous membranes, synovia, 
&c. As these are constantly exhaled on surfaces 
which have no external outlet, they would aug- 
ment indefinitely, if absorption did not remove 
them in the same proportion as that in which 
they are deposited. 3. The absorption of apart 
of the excrementitial jluida, as they pass over the 
excretory passages. 

Absorption does not effect the decomposition 
of the body immediately. It merely prepares the 
fluid which has to be eliminated by the secretory 

The great agents of external absorption are the 
veins and chyliferous vessels ; of internal absorp- 
tion, probably the lymphatics. In the chylil'e- 
rous vessels and lymphatics the fluid is always 
found to possess the same general properties. 
In them, therefore, an action of elaboration or 
selection must have taken place. The veins, on 
the other hand, seem to exert no selection. Any 
fluid, possessing the necessary tenuity, passes 
through the coats of the vessel readily by imbibi- 
tion, and proceeds along with the torrent of the 
circulation. Watery fluids in this manner enter 
the blo^d when they are taken into the stomach. 
Substances that require digestion, on the other 
hand, must pass through the chyliferous vessels 
and thoracic duct. 

Absorption of Composition, see Absorption — 
a. Cutaneous, see Absorption — a. of Decomposi- 
tion, see Absorption — a. Digestive, see Absorp- 
tion — a. External, see Absorption — a. of Excre- 
mentitial Secreted Fluids, see Absorption — a. 
Internal, see Absorption — a. Intestinal, see Ab- 
sorption — a. Interstitial, see Absorption — a. 
Molecular, see Absorption — a. Nutritive, see Ab- 
sorption — a. Organic, see Absorption — a. Pul- 
monary, see Absorption — a. of Recrementitial 
Secreted Fluids, see Absorption — a. Respiratory, 
see Absorption. 

ABSTEME, Abstemious. 

ABSTE'MIOUS, Abste'mhts, Aoi'nos, from abs, 
'without,' and temetum, 'wine.' (F.) Abxteme. 
Used by the ancient writers, as well as by the 
French, in the sense only of its roots ; one who 
abstains from wine or fermented liquors in 

ABSTERGENTIA, Detergents. 

ABSTERSIVA, Detergents. 

ABSTERSORIA, Detergents. 

AB'STINENCE, Abstinen'tia, from abs, 'from/ 
and tenere, 'to hold/ Abros'ia, Asit'ia, Liman'- 
chia, Limocton'ia, Fasting. Privation, usually 
voluntary, as when we speak of abstinence from 
j)leasure, abstinence from drink, &e. It is more 
particularly used to signify voluntary privation 
of certain articles of food. Fasting is a useful re- 
medial agent in certain diseases, particularly in 
those of an inflammatory character. 

ABSUS, a kind of cassia, 0. Absus, which 
grows in Egypt and in India, the seeds of which, 
pulverized and mixed with powdered sugar, have 
been employed in form of a dry collyrium, in the 
endemic ophthalmia of Egypt. 




ABU' LI A; from a, 'privative,' and (iovhi, 'will.' 
Lees of the will, or of volition. 

A 1! I"' LIC US; same etymon. One who has lost 
the power of will or of volition. 

ABU8 DE SO [-ME ME, Masturbation. 

ABUTA (a Guiana name), Pareira hrava. 

ABUTILON AVICENX.E. A. Cor da' turn, Si- 
da Abu'tilon, Indian or Yellow Mallow, Velvet 
leaf j Order, Malvaceae, (from a, privative,' (lovs, 
' an OX,' and tjAoj, ' diarrhoea,' that is, ' a remedy 
for the diarrhoea of cattle ;') is naturalized, and 
common in most parts of the United States. It 
bles common mallow in its properties, being 
mucilaginous and demulcent. 

ABVACUA'TIO, an excessive or colliquative 
evacuation of any kind. 

AC AC] A, (Ph. U. S.) Acacia? gummi — a. Cate- 
chu. Catechu — a. False, Robinia pseudo-acacia — 
a. Germanica, see Prunus spinosa — a. Giraffe, see 
Acacias gummi — a. Horrida, see Acaciae gummi 
— a. Indies, Tamarindus — a. Nilotica, see Acacia* 
gummi — a. Nostras, see Prunus spinosa — a. Sene- 
gal, see Senegal, gum — a. Vera, see Acaciae guin- 
lui — a. Zeyloniea, Hiomato.xylon Campechianum. 

ACACL.E GUMMI, Aca'cia, from am,, 'a 
point,' so called in consequence of its spines, G. 
Aca'cia Arab'iccB, G. Miino'sa?, G. Arab' i cum, G. 
Acanth'inum, G. Leucum, G. Theba'icum, G. Se- 
mpio'nia, 0. Lamac, G. Senega or Seneca, (see 
Senegal, gum,) Gum Ar'abic. (F.) Gomme Ara- 
bique. The gum of the Aca'cia seu Mimo'sa 
Nilotica, Aca'cia vera, Spina sEyyptiaca, of 
Upper Egypt, Nat. Ord. Mimoseae. Sex. Syst. 
Polygamia Monoecia. It is in irregular pieces, 
colourless, or of a pale yellow colour, hard, brittle, 
of a shining fracture, transparent, soluble in 
water, and insoluble in alcohol, s. g. 1*4317. 

It is mucilaginous ; but is rarely used, except 
in pharmacy. Sometimes it is administered alone 
as B demulcent. 

Acacia Horrida and A. Giraffes, of South 
Africa, yield a good gum. 

ACAJOU, (of Indian origin) Anacardium oc- 

Ac UUBA Officinalis, Anacardium occiden tale. 

Ai u.'vpha Betuli'na, Cauda felia agrestis, 
(«, ' privative,' /caAoj, 'beautiful,' and 40*/, 'touch') 
id employed by the natives of India as a stoma- 
chic and in cholera. It is given in the form of 
infusion of the leaves. 

Acalvpha IIisi'iDA, Caturus spiciflorus. 

A< u/vi'HA I.N'niCA, 'disagreeable to the 
touch.' Cupameni, Order Euphorbiacea?. A com- 
mon annual in the gardens of India. An infusion 
of the root, and a decoction of the leaves are 

A< ai/yi'HaVirgin'ica. Three-seeded mer' cury . 
indigenous, flowering in August, is said to have 
expectorant and diuretic properties. 

ACAM'ATUS, from a, priv., and Kapvw, 'I la- 
bour.' This word has been sometimes used for 
■ good constitution of the body. According to 
Oaten, it means that position in which a limb is 
intermediate between flexion and extension ; a 
position which may be long maintained without 

ACAMPSIA, Contractura. 

ACANOS, Onopordium acanthium — a. Spina, 
Onopordium acanthium. 

ACANTIIA, Vertebral column. Also, Spinous 
process of a vertebra. 

ACANTHAB'OLUS, Aean'tkmlut, VoUel'la, 
from aKavSa, 'a spine,' and iluWu, 'I cast out.' 
A kin 1 of forceps for removing extraneous sub- 
itanees from wounds. — Paulas of JSgina, Fabri- 
cius ab Aqnapendente, Soultetus, Ao. 


AC AN THE FAUSSE, Heraclenm spondy- 


ACANTHIUM, Onopordium acanthium. 

ACANTIIULUS, Acanthabolus. 

ACANTHUS MOLLIS, (aiavSa, 'a spine or 
thorn,') same etymon as Acacia. Melamphyl'- 
lum, Branca ursi'na seu vera, Brankur'sine, 
Bear's Breech. (F.) Pied d'ours. This plant is 
mucilaginous like Althaea, and is used as a de- 

ACAPATLI, Piper longum. 

ACAR'DIA, from a, priv., and icapSia, 'the 
heart.' The state of a foetus without a heart, 

ACARDIOILE'MIA. (F.) AcardioMtnie, from 
a, priv., icapdia, 'heart,' and aipa 'blood.' Want 
of blood in the heart. — Piorry. 

ACARDIONER'VIA, (F.) Acardionervie : 
from a, priv., KapSia, 'heart;' and vivpov, ' nerve.' 
Want of nervous action in the heart as indicated 
by the sounds ceasing to be audible. 

ACARDIOTROPHIA, Heart, atrophy of the. 

AC ABE, Acarus. 

AC'ARICIDE, from acarue, and cadere, 'to 
kill.' A destroyer of acari, — as of the acarus 

ACARICO'BA. The Brazilian name for Hy- 
drocot'yle umbella'tum, used by the Indians as 
an aromatic, alexipharmic, and emetic. 

ACARON, Myrica gale. 

ACARP'iE, from a, 'privative,' and Knpvoq, 
'fruit.' A division of the family of cutaneons 
diseases by Fuchs, in which there is no " fruit," 
(Gertn. Frucht,) or production from the cutane- 
ous surface — tubercles, vesicles or pustules. 
Lentigo, Chloasma, Argyria, and Pityriasis be- 
long to it. 

ACARUS, from a, privative, and Ka\,-/)<;, 'di- 
visible.' (F.) Acare. A minute insect, one spe- 
cies of which has been noticed, by several obser- 
vers, in the itch. The Acarus Scabiei, see Psora. 

Acarus Ciro, see Psora — a. Comedonum, 
Acarus Folliculorum. 

Ac'arus Cros'sei, Crosse mite. An insect sup- 
posed by Mr. Crosse, of England, to have been 
developed in a solution of silicate of potassa when 
submitted to slow galvanic action, for the pur- 
pose of obtaining crystals of silex. It did not, 
however, prove to be a new formation. 

Acarus Folliculo'rum, A. Comedo' num, En- 
tozo'on seu De'modex seu Simo'nea seu Stcatozo'- 
on folliculo' rum, Macrogas'ter platypus. An 
articulated animalcule, discovered in the sebace- 
ous substance of the cutaneous follicles. Accord- 
ing to Professor Owen, it belongs to the Ara- 

Acarus Scabiei, Acarus, see Psora. 

ACATALEP'SIA, from a, privative, and icara- 
\afi(Savti>, 'I comprehend.' Uncertainty in dia- 
gnosis. Its opposite is Catalepsia. — Galea. 

ACATAP'OSIS, from a, privative, and Kara- 
toitis, 'deglutition.' Incapacity of swallowing. 
Vogel has given this name to difficulty of deglu- 

ACATASTAT'IC, Acatastat'icus, from a, priv., 
and KaSiarripi, 'to determine.' An epithet given 
to fevers, Ac, when irregular in their periods or 
symptoms. — Hippocrates. 

ACATHAR'SIA, from a, priv., and KaSaipifa, 
' I purge ;' Sordes, Impurities. Omission of a pur- 
gative. — Foesius. 

ACATSJAVAL'LI, a Malabar plant, which is 
astringent and aromatic. A bath of it is need in 
that country in cases of hemicrania. It is sup- 
posed to be the Citsnytha filiformit of Linnanu. 

ACAWERIA, Ophioxylum serpentinum. 





rator urinae. 

Accelerator Uri'n.e, Bulbo-cavemo'sus, Bul- 
bo-uretral — (Ch.), Ejacula'tor Sem'inis, Bulbo- 
syndesmo-caverneux. (F.) Accelerateur de f urine, 
Bulbo-caverneux, Ano-caverneux, from ad and 
celer, 'quick.' A muscle of the penis, which 
arises, fleshy, from the sphincter ani and mem- 
branous part of the urethra, and tendinous, from 
the crus and beginning of the corpus caverno- 
sum penis. In its course it forms a thin, fleshy 
layer, the inferior fibres of which run more trans- 
versely than the superior, which descend in an 
oblique direction ; the muscles of both sides com- 
pletely enclosing the bulb of the urethra. It is 
inserted into its fellow by a tendinous line run- 
ning longitudinally on the middle of the bulb. 
Its use is to propel the urine or semen forwards. 

ACCENT, Sonus vocis, from ad and canere, 
cantum, to sing. Inflection or modification of the 
voice, which consists in raising or dropping it on 
certain syllables. 

The accent exhibits various alterations in dis- 

ACCES, Paroxysm. 

ACCES'SION, Acces'sio, from accedo, (ad and 
cedere,) ' I approach.' The invasion, approach, 
or commencement of a disease. 

ACCESSOIRE, Accessory— a. du longFlechis- 
seur commun des orteils : see Flexor longus digi- 
torum pedis profundus perforans (accessorius) — I'Obturateur interne, Ischio-trochanterianus 
— a. du Pied d' Hippocampe : see Cornu ammonis 
— a. du Sacro-lombaire : see Sacro-lumbalis. 

TORUM PEDIS; see Flexor longus digitorum 
pedis profundus perforans (accessorius) — a. Pedis 
hippocampi: — see Cornu ammonis. 

ACCESSORY, Accesso'rius, (F.) Accessoire, 
Annexe, same etymon. A consequence or de- 
pendence on any thing; as accessory ligament, 
muscle, nerve, &c 

Accessory op the Parot'id is a name given 
by HalleF to a small gland, which accompanies 
the parotid duct, and is commonly a mere pro- 
longation of the parotid itself. See Parotid. 

Accessory Sciences to Medicixe are those 
which do not relate directly to the science of 
raan in a state of health or disease; as physics, 
chemistry, &c. 

Accessory of the Par Vagum, Spinal nerve. 

The term accessory is also given to several 

ACCESSUS, Coition. 

ACCIDENS, Symptoma — a. Consecutifs, Con- 
secutive phenomena. 

ACCIDENT, Ac'cidens, from accidere, (ad and 
cadere,) * to happen.' A casualty ; an unforeseen 
event. The French — like older English writers 
— use the term in nearly the same sense as symp- 
tom. It means also an unexpected symptom. 

ACCIDEN'TAL, Adventitious. That which 
happens unexpectedly. 

The French give the name Tissus accidentels 
to those adventitious textures, that are the result 
of a morbid process. 

ACCIP'ITER, Hi'erax, 'u/>a|, 'the hawk,' from 
accipere (ad and capio,) 'to take.' Menec'ratis 
Accip'iter, (F.) Epervier. A bandage applied 
over the nose, so called from its likeness to the 
claw of a hawk. 

ACCLI'MATED, Clima'ti assue'tus, (from ad 
and clima.) A word of recent introduction from 
the French, which means 'accustomed to a cli- 

A CCL IMA TA TlOX, Acclimation. 

A CCL MA TEMEXT, Acclimation. 

ACCLIMATION, Seasoning. (F.) Acclimate- 

ment, Accllmatation. The act of becoming accli- 
mated or accustomed to a climate. 

The constitution of a person, who goes to live 
in another and a very different climate, usually 
experiences changes, which are frequently of an 
unfavourable character, and the study of which 
is of considerable importance in medicine. 

RACTE, Accompaniment of the cataract. 

ACCOM'PANIMENT, Adjun'ction. (F.) Ac- 
comj)agnement, (compagnon, ' an associate'). That 
which is joined to any thing. 

Accompaniment to the cataract, (F.) Accom- 
pagnement de la cataracte, is a whitish, viscid 
substance, which sometimes surrounds the opake 
crystalline lens, and remains after the operation 
for cataract, causing a secondary cataract. 
ACCOUCHEE, Puerpera. 
ACCOUCHEMEXT, Parturition — a. Labori- 
ous, Dystocia — a. contre Xature, see Presentation, 
preternatural — a. Laborieux, Laborious labour, 
— a. Prorogue, see Parturition. 

ACCOUCHEUR, (F.) Adju'tor Partus, Ob- 
stet'ricans, Obstetri"cius, Maieu'ter, Maieu'tes. 
He who practices the art of midwifery. A physi- 
cian-Accoucheur, a Surgeon-Accoucheur, a Mom- 
midwife, &c. 

A CCO UCHE USE, Midwife. 
ACCRE'TION, Accre'tio, from ad, 'to,' and 
crescere, 'to increase.' Augmentation; (F.) Ac- 
croissement ; also, increase by juxtaposition. 
ACCROISSEMEXT, Accretion, Increase. 
ACCUSATIO, Indication. 
ACE'DIA, Incu'ria, from a, privative, and 
KtSos, ' care.' "Want of care, neglect. Also, fa- 
tigue. — Hippocrates. 
ACELLA, Axilla. 
ACEOGNOSIA, Pharmacognosia. 
ACEOLOGIA, Materia Medica. 
ACE P HALE, Acephalous. 
ACEPHALH^E'MIA, (F.) Acephalhimie, from 
a, priv., K£<pa\r), ' head,' and aifia, ' blood.' Want 
of blood in the encephalon. — Piorry. 
ACEPHALIA, see Acephalous. 
ACEPHALIE, see Acephalous. 
ACEPHALOBRA'CHUS, from a, privative, 
kc<P<i\ti, 'head,' and (Ipa^iM, 'arm.' A foetus 
without head or arms. 

ACEPHALOCAR'DIA, from a, priv., tK(t>a\r,, 
' head,' and Kapha, ' heart.' Monstrosity in which 
there is absence of head and heart, 

ACEPHALOCHI'RUS, from a, privative, «- 
<pa\i), 'head,' and %£ip, 'hand.' A foetus without 
head or hands. 

ACEPH'ALOCYST, Aeephalocys'tis, (F.) Ace- 
phalocyste, from a, privative, Kt^a\ri, 'head,' and 
kvstis, 'bladder.' A hydatiform vesicle, without 
head or visible organs, ranked amongst the Ento- 
zoa, although possessed of few animated charac- 
teristics. In no organ of the body are acepha- 
locysts so frequently found as in the liver. Gene- 
rally it is the ' multiple acephalocyst,' A. socia'- 
li8 seu prolifera, which is met with. At times, 
however, it is the ' solitary acephalocyst,' A. 
eremi'ta seu ster'ilis. 

The acephalocystis endog"ena has a firm coat, 
and is composed of different layers, which have 
numbers of smaller hydatids within them, and 
are thrown off from the interior of the parent 
cyst. This species has hence been termed en- 
dogena, to distinguish it from the A. exog"ena 
of ruminant animals, in which the young vesicles 
are developed from the exterior of the parent 
vesicles. — See Hvdatid. 

ACEPHALOGAS'TER, Athnracoceph'alus, 
from a privative, Kz<pa\r), 'head,' and yuarrjp, 'the 


a i • i: ton l: 

belly.' A name given to monsters devoid of head, 
chest, and abdomen; or to those which ha\e an 
abdomen, but no chest or head. 

ACEPHALOP'ODUS, from a, priv., KcpaXr,, 
'head,' and rouj, roios, 'foot.' A monster devoid 
of head and feet. The condition is called -1 

ACKEHALORA'CHIA, from a, priv., KcfaXr,, 
'head,' and l>a\ii, 'spine.' Monstrosity in which 
there is absence of bead and spine. 

A« IE I'll ALOS'TOM A, from a, privative. tcupaXq, 
' head,' and cropa, ' mouth.' An acephalous foetus, 
«t the upper part of which there is an opening 
resembling a mouth. 

ACEPllALOTUORA'CIA, from a, privative, 
KtfaXfi, ' head,' and Suipa!;, Swpa*oc, ' thorax.' 
Monstrosity in which there is absence of head 
and ohost, 

ACEPIIALOTIIO'RUS, from a, privative, 
KHpaXrj, • head.' and Swpa£, ' chest, ' Apectoccph'alus. 
A monster devoid of head or chest. 

ACBPH'ALOUS, from a, privative, and KeQaXr), 
'head.' (F.) Acephale. A monster born devoid 
of head. The condition is called Acepka'lia, (F.) 

A< ,'jJtnlie. 

ACER, Acrid. 

Acer Palmifolium, A. Saccharinum. 

Arm I'knnsvlvan'icim, Striped Maple, 

I Doaicood. A decoction of the bark has 



been used internally and externally in cutaneous 
affections ; and a decoction of the leaves and twigs 
U said to relieve nausea and vomiting. 

Aon Ki'bium, Red Maple; Indigenous. The 
inner bark is a mild astringent. The Indians 
use a decoction of it for sore eyes. 

A< IS SacCHARI'mk, A. paliuifa'lium. Maple, 
Sttgar Maple. (F.) Eralle, 0>d., Aceraceae. This 
tree contains a large amount of sweet sap, whence 
a considerable quantity of sugar may be extracted. 
When purified, this sugar can scarcely be distin- 
guished from that obtained from the cane. — See 

Acera'tes Longifo'lia, Long-leaved green 
>d; Order, Asclepiadacese ; indigenous, 
flowering in June and July; has the properties 
of the order. See Asclepias. 

ACERATO'SIS, from a, privative, and Kepas, 
Keparof, ' horn.' Defective development of the 
corneous tissue. 

ACERB', Acer'bm, Stryphnos, from acer, 
'-harp.' A savour, or taste, compounded of the 
acid, bitter, and astringent; such as is met with 
in unripe fruits, Ac. 

ACER'CUS, from a, privative, and KtpKos 'a 
tail.' A monster devoid of tail. — Gurlt. 

ACE' RIDES, Acero'des, from a, privative, and 
Kijpos, 'wax.' Plasters devoid of wax. — Galen. 

ACERODES, Acerides. 

ACERO'SUS, Achyro'des, Pithyri'nus, from 
a%vpov, ' chaff.' Furfura'ceous. An epithet used 
by Hippocrates for the coarsest bread, made of 
Hour not separated from the chaff. — Foesius. 

ACERVULU8 CEREBRI. See Pineal Gland 
— a. Qlandulus Pinealis, see Pineal Gland. 

ACES'CENCY, Aeeeeen'tia, from acescere, 'to 
grow sour,' (aKit, 'a point,' accr, 'sharp.') A dis- 
position to acidity. The humourists believed that 
the animal humours are susceptible of this change. 

ACESIA, Cure. 

ACE8IN08US, Curative. 

A 1 ESIS, Curation, Cure, Medicament. 

ACESMA, Medicament. 

ACESMIUS, Curable. 

ACESMUS, <'ure. 



A ("ESTER, Physician. 

ACESTIS, Medicament. 

ACESTOR, Physician. 

Al ESTORIA, Medicine. 
ACESTORIS, Midwife. 

AC EST OS, Curable. 

ACESTRA, Needle. 

ACESTRIA, Midwife. 

ACESTRIS, Midwife. 

ACESTROM, Medicament. 

AC ETA MEDIC AT A, Aoetica. 


ACBTAB'ULUM, (F.J AdtaMe, from actum, 
' vinegar,' because it reaesablei the old vinegar 
vessel oxybapk'ion. A Dseasore capable of eon- 
taining the eighth part of a modern pint. — Athe- 

iucus. Qalen. See Cotyloid. According t" 
Castelli, the lobes or cotyledons of the placenta 
of ruminating animals have been so called. 

Acktaiu LtM, Cotyle, Cotyloid— a. Humeri, sco 
Glenoid — a. Marinnm, Umbilicus marinaa 

A< KTA'RIA, same etymon. A salad or 

ACETAS, Acetate. 

ACETATE, Acc'tae. (F.) Achate. A salt 
formed by the union of the acetic acid with an 
alkaline, earthy, or metallic base. The acetates 
chiefly used in medicine are the acetates of am- 
monia, lead, potash, and zinc. 

ACE'TICA, Ace'ta Midira'ta. (F.) Vinoi</r<* 
Midieinaux. Pharmaceutical preparations of 

ACE'TICUM ACIDUM, Acidum Ace'timm 
for'tius seu forte seu purum seu f/lacia'le, Ace' - 
tum radiea'li, 0xo8, Ace'tic Acid, Strong Aee'tont 
Acid, Acidum Aceto' 'sum forte, Jiad'ical Vin'c/ar, 
Spir'itus Ven'eris (when made from verdigris,) 
Spirit of Verdigris. Concentrated acetic acid, 
prepared by decomposing an acetate and receiv- 
ing the acetic acid by distillation, has a very 
pungent and grateful odour, and an acid and 
acrid taste. Its s. g. is about 1.046, and it is 
very volatile. 

It is stimulant, rubefacient, and escharotic, and 
is applied to the nostrils in syncope, asphyxia, 
headache, Ac. It destroys warts. 

An Aromatic Spirit of Vinegar, Ac"idum Ace' - 
ticum Camphora'tum, A. aceto'*um cauijihara'tum, 
is formed of this strong acid, f^x; Camphor, ^j ; 
Alcohol, f^j. 

A strong Acetic Acid was ordered by the Lon- 
don pharmacopoeia, prepared from wood. It was 
called Vinegar of wood, Improved distilled Vine- 
gar, f'i/ro/i(/'neou8 Acid, Acc'tum Ligncfrnm, and 
its strength was such, that 87 gr. of crystallized 
subcarbonate of soda should saturate 100 grains 
of the acid. 

Ac"idum Ace' ticum Di/u'tum, A. A. fen'ui seu 
debil'ius, Ace' turn deetilla'tvM, Acidum ace'ticum, 
Acidum aceto' sum dixtilla'tum . Distil'led vin'ctjar, 
(F.) Acide Acetique faille, Vinairjre dixti/fr. is 
prepared by distilling vinegar, until seven-eightl B 
have passed over. An Acidum acetictttn dilutum, 
Diluted acetic acid, IS made by mixing a pint of 
the strong acetic acid w it h seven pints of distilled 
water. — Ph. U. S. Its properties are like those 
of vinegar. 

Aceticim Martiai.e, Ferri Acetas. 

AOBTOLAT, (F.) from aeetum, vinegar. A 

liquid medicine resulting from the distillation of 

vinegar on one or more aromatic vegetable sub- 

. and which are formed of vinegar and 

essential oils, or other volatile principles. — Erin'. 

ACBTOLA TUBE, same etymon. A tincture, 
Formed by digesting ■ vegetable substance orsab- 
| stances in vinegar. — BeraL 

ACBTOLB, Mime etymon, OjcSoU. A medi- 
cine, formed of distilled vinegar and medicinal 
principles dissolved in it. — Eeral. 

AC h TO MEL, Oxymel. 
J ACETONE, Ac" dun, from aeetum, 'vinegar. 




Spir'itus pyro-ace'ticvs ligno'sus, Pyro-ace'tic 
spirit, Pyro-ace'tic Ether, Mesit'ic Al'cohol, 
Jiihytlrate of Mcxit'ylene, (F.) Acetone; errone- 
ously called Naphtha and Wood Naphtha. By 
others, however, the terms are applied to Py- 
roxylic Spirit. A limpid, colourless liquid, hav- 
ing a peculiarly penetrating and slightly empy- 
reumatic odour. Its density in the liquid state, 
is almost the same as that of alcohol, 0.7921. Its 
taste is disagreeable, and analogous to that of 
peppermint. It is miscible in all proportions 
with water, alcohol, and ether. It may be pre- 
pared by distilling a mixture of two parts of 
crystallized acetate of lead and one part of quick- 
lime in a salt-glaze jar (gray-beard,) the lower 
part of the jar being coated with fire-clay ; and 
a bent glass tube, half an inch in diameter, 
adapted to the mouth by a cork, so as to form a 
distillatory apparatus. The jar is supported on 
the mouth of a small furnace, by which the lower 
part only is heated to redness, and the vapours 
are conducted into a Liebfg's condenser. The 
product is repeatedly redistilled from quicklime, 
until its boiling point is constant at 132°. 

It has been brought forward as a remedy in 
phthisis pulmonalis ; but evidently with un- 
founded pretensions. It is an excitant, and may 
be serviceable in chronic bronchitis. The dose 
is ten to forty drops three times a day, diluted 
with water. 

ACETOSA ALPINA, Rumex alpinus — a. 
Nostras, Rumex acetosa — a. Pratensis, Rumex 
acetosa — a. Romana, Rumex scutatus — a. Ro- 
tundifolia, Rumex scutatus — a. Scutata, Rumex 
scutatus — a. Vulgaris, Rumex acetosa, 
ACETOSELLA, Oxalis acetosella. 
ACE'TUM, ofa, Oxos, Ace'tum Vini seu Bri- 
tan'nicum seu Gal'licnm, Common Vinegar, Aci- 
dum aceto'sum, A'legar, Ace'tum Cerevis'ice, (F.) 
Vinaigre ; from axis, 'a point,' acer, 'sharp.' A 
liquor obtained by the acetous fermentation. 
Vinegar has a pungent odour, and a pleasant acid 
taste. One fluid ounce of the Acetum of the 
United States Pharmacopoeia is saturated by 
about 35 grains of crystallized bicarbonate of 
soda. It is refrigerant in fevers ; antiseptic, and 
anti-narcotic; and externally is stimulant and 

Vinegar Whey is made by stirring a small 
wineglassful of vinegar, sweetened with a dessert 
spoonful of sugar, in a pint of milk ; boiling for 
fifteen minutes, and straining. Like tamarind 
whey it is an agreeable drink in febrile affections. 
Ace'tum Aromat'icum, A. Theriaca'll seu 
quatuor furum, Acidnm Ace'ticum Aromat'icum, 
Thieves' Vinegar, Vinegar of the four Thieves, 
Marseilles Vinegar, (F.) Vinaigre Aromatique, 
V. des quatre voleurs, (Rorismarin. cacum. sice, 
Pol. Salvia sing. t ^j. Lavand. flor. sice. giv. Ca- 
ryoph. cont. gss. Acid. Acet. Oij. Macerate 7 days, 
and filter. — Ph. E.) Odour, pungent and aroma- 
tic. Used as a perfume. 

Acetum Britannicum, Acetum. 
Ace'tum Canthar'idis, Vinegar of Cantha- 
rides, (Cantharid. in pulv. ^iij. Acid. acet. f|jv., 
Acid, pyrolign. f,^xv: Euphorb. in pulv. crass. 
^ss. Mix the acids ; add the powders ; macerate 
for seven days ; strain ; express strongly, and 
filter the liquor.— Ph. _E. The London College 
macerates cantharid. ^ij in acid. acet. Oj. (Imp. 
meas.) for eight days; expresses and strains.) It 
is used as a prompt vesicant. 

Ace'tum Col'chici, Vinegar of meadow saffron. 
(Colchic. rad. contus. ^ij ; Acid, acetic, dilut. vel 
Acet. destil/at. Oij ; Ph. U. S. 1851. It may also 
be made by displacement.) It is used as a diu- 
retic, and also in gout. Dose f^ss. to f^iss. 

Acetum Destillatum; see Aceticum acidum 
— a. Gallicum, Acetum — a. Lignorum: see Ace- 

ticum acidum — a. Mulsum dulce, Oxyglycus — a. 
Opii, Guttae Nigra? — a. Plumbicum seu Saturni- 
num, Liquor Plumbi subacetatis — a. Quatuor 
furum, Acetum Aromaticum — a. Radicale, Aceti- 
cum Acidum — a. Rosatum, Oxyrrhodinon. 

Acetum Scill^;, Acidum Ace'ticum Scil/ii'- 
icinn, Vinegar of Squills, (F.) Vinaigre scilli- 
tique, (ScillcB contus. §iv; Acet. destillat. Oij; 
Ph. U. S. It may also be made by displace- 
ment.) Diuretic, expectorant, and emetic. Dose 
f^ss to gij as a diuretic and expectorant. It 
may also be made by the process of displacement. 

Acetum Theriacale, Acetum aromaticum. 

ACEYTE BE SAL. A remedy for broncho- 
cele used in S. America. Roulin found it to con- 
tain a portion of iodine. 

AC H AC ANA. A species of cactus, in the pro- 
vince of Potosi in Peru. Its root is thick and 
fleshy, and of a conical shape. It is a good edi- 
ble, and is sold in the markets of the country. 

ACHALYBHEMIE. See Chlorosis. 

ACHANACA. A plant of the kingdom of 
Mely in Africa. It is used by the natives as an 

ACHAOVAN, a species of Egyptian chamo- 
mile. — Prosper Alpinus. 

ACHAOVAN-ABIAT. The Egyptian name 
of Cineraria maritima, used in female diseases. 

ACHAR, Atchar. 

ACHE, Pain. 

ACHE, Apium graveolens — a. des Montagues, 
Ligusticum levisticum. 

ACHEI'LIA, Achi'lia, from a, priv., and ^aXo?. 
'lip.' A malformation, consisting in a deficiency 
of a lip or lips. 

ACHEI'LUS, Achi'lns: same etymon. One 
who is without lips. 

ACHEIR, Achir, De'manns, from o-, privative, 
and x ci P- 'hand.' One devoid of hands. — Galen. 

ACHEI'RIA, Achi'ria: same etymon. The 
state of being devoid of hands. 

ACHEROIS, Populus. 

ACHIA, Achiar. A name given in India to 
the pickled shoots of the bamboo. 

Achia, Atchar. 

ACHIAR. Achia. 

ACHIC'OLUM, Achit'olns, Hidrote'rion, Su- 
da'rium, Fornix, Tholus, Sudato'rium, Su'datory, 
Stceating-house, Sweating-bath. The ftoeativg- 
room in the ancient bagnios. 

ACHILLA, Acheilia. 

ACHILLE, TENDON U, AchiUis t^ndo. 

ACHILLE'A AGE'RATUM, A. visco'sa, B„l- 
sami'ta foemin'ea, Eupato'rium mes'ues, Age' ra- 
tum, Cos'tus horto'rum minor, Maudlin, Maudlin 
Tansey ; (F.) Achillee Visquense ; Ord. Compo- 
site ; Sex. Syst. Syngenesia Polygamia Super- 
flua, — has the same properties as tansey, bitter 
and aromatic, and is used in like affections. 

Achille'a Atra'ta, Herba Geu'ipi vcri, (F.) 
Achillee Noire, has similar virtues. 

Achille'a Millefolium, Achille'a Myritt- 
phyl'lon, Chrysoc'oma, Millefolium, ChiliophyV- 
lon, Lumbus Ven'eris, Common Yarrow or Mil- 
foil. (F.) J/illefeuille, Hcrbe aux eharpentiers. 
The leaves and flowers have an aromatic smell, 
and a rough, bitterish, somewhat pungent taste. 
They have been used in dyspepsia, flatulence, 
hemorrhage, &c. An extract of the plant, made 
with proof spirit, has been called AchiUeV nnm ; 
and is used by the Italians in intermittent fever. 

Achille'a Moscha'ta, an Alpine plant, has 
been esteemed diaphoretic and vulnerary (?) A 
volatile oil called Esprit d'lva. is obtained from 
it in Switzerland, which is much prized for its 
musky odour. It is said, by Merat and De Lens, 
to be the Geuipi of the Savoyards, which is usu- 
ally referred to Artemisia rupestris. 

Achille'a Ptar'mica, Ptar'mica, P. Vulga'- 



n't, Pa> udo ay' n thrum, Pyrethrnm *>/' 
I),aco tglvcrtria, Tarckon - Stemofa- 

l"«, Ih-nruii'cti/in I' ■■<■ 

I P«/'ttl - ■•//. [F.) // b i fti raver. The 
Hid flowers have a hot, biting taste, ap- 
proaahiog thai of pyrethrnm. Their principal 
atory and Budogogne. 

ACBILLBA V18OO8A, A. Agl rniuiii. 

ACHILLEE NOIRE, Achillea atrata — «. 
Visqneute, Achillea ageratam. 

A< HILLEINUM, see Aohillea Millofolium. 

ACHILLE'IS. A beautiful species of barley, 
mentioned by Theophrastas and Galen, Balled 
laboorer. The deooction was 
used in fevers and jaundice. — Hippocrates. 

ACHILLBUM, Telepbeum. 

ACHIL'LIS TENDO, funis Hippoc'ratis, 
sea Chorda Hippoc'ba.tis, Gorda m etgn a, 
- loins, (P.) Tendon d'A,hilie. The itrong 
tendoa of the gastroenetnii muscle- above the 
heel: bo called, becaaae it was the onlj miner- 
able part of Achilles, or because of its strength. 
See Tendon. 

ACHILUS, Acheilos. 

ACHIMBASSL An arehiater or ohief of phy- 
sicians. A name given, at Grand Cairo, to a 
magistrate who licenses physicians. 

ACHIR, Acheir. 

ACHIRIA, Acheiria. 

At ill rOLUS, Achicolum. 

AC1II.YS. Caligo. 

ACHMELLA, Spilanthus acmella. 

ACHNE. Lint. See Linteum. Also, small 
mneoufl floccoli seen in front of the cornea. — 

ACHOL'IA, from a, privative, and ^0X7, 'bile.' 
Deficiency or want of bile. Also, Asiatic cholera. 

A'CIIOLUS: same etymon. One deficient in 

ACHOR, PomgO larvalis. 

ACHO'RES. A term often employed by the 
ancients to designate both erueta lac' tea, and 
small superficial ulcerations on the skin of the 
face and head. See Porrigo Larvalis. 

ACHOBBS CAPITIS, Porrigo scutulata. 

A C 11 U R 1 N SCHONLEI N I. See Porrigo fa- 
\ osa 

ACHORISTUS, from a, prir., and xwpifa 'I 
separate.' Any sign which oecessarily accompa- 
nies a state of health or disease. 

ACHOD KOU. The Caraib name for a species 
of myrtle used in dropsy. 

ACHRAS AUSTRALIS, Sapota — a. Sapota, 
Bapota — a. Zapota, Sapota. 

A < ' II 1' < • I. Ackromatit'ti, Achro'matx, Achro'tni, 
from <i, privative, and ^pw/za, 'colour.' Pale indi- 
vidual-. — Hippocrates. It is nearly synonymous 
with An<i««/iut, leipha'mi, persons without colour; 
blood • 

ACIIRO'MA, Chloasma album, Leucopathfa 
partia'lit acquufita. Partial privation of colour 
of the skin. 

ACHROM ISIA, Decoloration. 

ACHROM \T1. Achroi 

ACllKo.M KT'IC,Achromat , icH9 : same etymon. 
A lens, so constructed as to correct the aberration 
of refrangibility of common lenses, is so termed. 
The Crgetnlliue is an achromatic Lena 


ACHROMA l 0P81 K, Achromatop'ty, Chroma- 
tope* udop'n'a, Chromatometablep'eia, Dytchroma- 
top'eia, Parachro'ma, Pteudochro'mia, Parora'- 
tie, Ftmis de'color, Colour blindnea*, Fdiopt'cv, 
Daftonitm, from a, privative, jymua, 'colour,' 
and orrofttii, 'I see.' incapability of distinguish- 
ing colour-: a defect situate in the cerebral part 
of the visual organ. Persona so circumstanced 
have been termed, by Mr. Wbewell, Idioptt. See 
Acyanoblepsia and Anerythropsia, 

ACHROMI, Achroi. 




ACHYLCSIS, from a, privative, and \v\os, 
'juice, chyle.' Detective ehylosis or formation 
Of clivle. 

AGHYMO'SIS, from «, privative, and ^t/zoj, 
'juice, chyme.' Detective chymification. 
' ACHYRAN'THEfl KBPENS, Rlice'brum po- 
Iy<ji>>i"'id'x, Forty Knot ; indigcnoos. 
AinaranthacesB. A decoction of the plant u 
drunk as a diuretic in dropsy, ischuria. Ac. 

ACHYR0DE8, Aoerosma 

ACHYRON, Furfur. 

A'CIA, from uku, a point. A word used by 
Celsus, which has puszled commentators, — some 

believing it to have meant a needle; other.- the 

thread: and others, again, the kind of suture. 

"Ado. mo//iH, Hon iiiutis torta," — Celsus, Qalen. 

(Chifllet thinks it meant the thread. — Antwerp, 

ACID. Ac"idun, Oxys. (F.) Acide, Aiyre, from 
u*is. aKiSoi, 'a point:' sharp; sour; especially as 
applied to odorous or sapid substances. The 
French also use the term aigre, when referring 
to the voice, in the sense of sharp and shrill : — 

as tun roi.r aigre, VOX hk/k rit. 

Acid, Acetic, Aceticum acidum — a. Acetic, of 
commerce, Pyroligneous acid — a Acetic, dilute, 
see Aceticum acidum — a. Acetous, strong, Ace- 
ticum acidum — a. Aerial, Carbonic acid — a. 
Antimonious, Antimonium diaphoretic-urn — a. 
Arsenious, Arsenicum album — a. Auric, see Cold 
— a. Azotic, Nitric acid — a. Benzoic, Benjamin, 
flowers of — a. Bensuric, Hippuric acid — a. Bezo- 
ardic, Uric acid — a. Boric. Boracic acid — a. Cal- 
careous, Carbonic acid — a. Calculous, Trie acid. 

Acin, Carbazot'ic, Ac"idum CarhoMot'icum, 

Garboni'tric or Picric acid, Welter's Bitter, (F.) 
Acide Carbazotique. This acid is frequently 

formed by the acti f concentrated nitric acid 

on animal and vegetable tubetancee. It, as well 

as the carbazotates, IS tonic and astringent. 

Acin, Carbonaceous, Carbonic acid — a Car- 
bonitric, Acid Carbasotio — a. Carbonous, Oxalic 
acid — a. Caseic, Lactic acid — a. Chromic, Bee 
Chromic acid — a. Citric, Citric acid — a. Cro tonic, 
see Croton tiglium— a. Cyanhydrie, Hydrocyanic 
acid — a. Cyanobydric, Hydrocyanic acid— a. Ga- 
lactic, Lactic acid — a. Gastric, Gastric juice. 

Acin, Gallic, Ac"idum Gall'icnm. (F.) Acide 
Gallique. This acid is found in most of the astrin- 
gent plants that contain tannic acid of the kind 
obtained from galls. It is in delicate silky nee- 
dles, usually somewhat yellowish, inodorous, and 
of a harsh, somewhat astringent taste. It dis- 
solves in one hundred parts of cold and three 
parts of boiling water. It is very soluble in alco- 
hol, and but slightly so in ether. 

It has been highly extolled in internal hemor- 
rhage, especially from the urinary organs and 
uterua Dose from ten to twenty grains. 

The last Pharmacopoeia of the United States 
(1S51) directs it to be made by exposing a thin 
paste of powdered gall* and distilled water tor a 
month, adding the water from time to time to pre- 
serve the consistence; expressing the paste; 
boiling the residue in distilled water; filtering 
through animal charcoal, and crystallising. 

Acin, II iiti ' 1: ic. A'"iduin Hippu'ricnm, Uro- 
ben'toic, Vrino-bento'ic or Benxurie mid. An 
acid found in the urine of graminivorous animals. 
It is contained in human urine, especially after 
benzoic acid has been taken. See Hippuria. 

Acid, Rtdriod"ic, Ac"idtm Hgdriod'icum. 
This acid is made by mixing solutions of iodide 
of potassium and tartaric acid; filtering the liquor 



to separate the bitartrate of potassa, and adding 
water to make the resulting hydriodic acid of 
definite strength. 

It has been used in the same cases as the pre- 
parations of iodine in general, but is rarely em- 

Acid, Hydrochloronitric, Nitro-muriatic acid 
— a. Hydrocyanic, Hydrocyanic acid — a. Hydro- 
cyanic, dilute, see Hydrocyanic acid — a. Hydro- 
sulphuric, Hydrogen, sulphuretted — a. Hydrothi- 
onic, Hydrogen, sulphuretted— a. Igasuric : see 
Jatropha curcas. 

Acid, Iodic, Ac"idum Iod'icum, (F.) Acide 
Iodique. This is obtained by boiling iodine with 
nitric acid ; or by decomposing iodate of baryta 
by dilute sulphuric acid. It is a white, transpa- 
rent solid, slightly deliquescent, and very soluble 
in water. It has been given with sulphate of 
quinia in hoarseness, scrofula, incipient phthisis, 
chronic inflammation, syphilis, etc. Dose three 
to six grains, or more. 

Acid, Lactic, see Lactic acid. 

Acid of Lemons, Citric acid — a. Lithenic, Uric 
acid — a. Lithiasic, Uric acid— a. Lithic, Uric acid 
— a. Marine Dephlogisticated, Chlorine — a. Lac- 
tic, Lactic acid — a. Marine dulcified, Spiritus 
aetheris muriatici — a. Mephitic, Carbonic acid — 
a. of Milk, Lactic acid — a. Muriatic, see Muria- 
ticum acidum — a. Muriatic, dilute, Muriaticum 
acidum — a. Nanceic, Lactic acid — a. Nitric, see 
Nitric acid — a. Nitric, dilute, see Nitric acid — 
a. Nitro-hydrochloric, Nitro-muriatic acid — a. 
Nitro-muriatic, see Nitro-muriatic acid — a. Ni- 
trous, dephlogisticated, Nitric acid — a. Oxysep- 
tonic, Nitric acid — a. Picric, Acid, carbazotic 
— a. Polygalic, see Polygala senega — a. Prus- 
sic, Hydrocyanic acid — a. Pyroligneous, see Ace- 
ticum acidum — a. Pyrolignic, Pyroligneous acid 
— a. Rosacic, see Porphyruria — a. of Sorrel, Oxa- 
lic acid — a. of Sugar, Oxalic acid — a. Sulphhydric, 
Hydrogen sulphuretted — a. Sulpho-hydric, Hy- 
drogen sulphuretted — a. Sulphuric, see Sul- 
phuric acid — a. Tannic, Tannin — a. Uric, Uric 
acid — a. Urino-benzoic, Acid, hippuric — a. Uro- 
benzoic, A. Hippuric — a. Urous, Uric oxide — a. 
Urylic, Uric acid. 

acidum — a. Azotique, Nitric acid — a. Boracique, 
Boracic acid — a. Chromiqne, Chromic acid — a. 
Gallique. Acid, gallic — o. Hydrocyanique, Hydro- 
cyanic acid — a. Hydrosulfurique, Hydrogen, sul- 
phuretted — a. Iodique, Acid, iodic — a. Lactique, 
Lactic acid — a. Nitrique, Nitric acid — a. Phos- 
phorique, Phosphoric acid — a. Prussique, Hydro- 
cyanic acid — a. Pyroacetique, Pyroligneous acid 
— a. Pyrolignique, Pyroligneous acid — a. Sulfa- 
reux, Sulphurous acid — a. Sulfurique, Sulphuric 
acid — a. Sulfurique delaye, Sulphuricum acidum 
dilutum — a. Tannique, Tannin — a. Tartrique, 
Tartaric acid — a. Lrique, Uric acid. 

ACIDITATIO, Acidities. 

ACID'ITIES, Aco'res, Acidita'tio, Ac"idum 
morbo'sum seu prima'rum via' rum, Ox'ytes, Sordes 
ac'idce, (F.) Aigreurs. Sourness of the stomach, 
the result of indigestion, indicated by acid eruc- 
tations, etc. The affection is very common in 
children, and must be obviated by absorbents, 
as ma?nesia, chalk, etc., and by regulated diet. 

ACIDOLOG"IA, from ukis, aicihos, 'a point, a 
sharp instrument,' and \oyos, 'a description/ A 
description of surgical instruments. 

ACIDOM'ETER, (F.) Acidometre, Pese-acide, 
from acid, and iierpov, 'measure.' A hydrometer 
for determining the density of acids. 

ACIDS, Ac"ida, Aco'res, are liquid, solid, or 
gaseous bodies, possessed of a sour, more or less 
caustic taste, and the principal character of which 
is the capability of saturating, wholly or in part, 
the alkaline properties of bases. 

Acids, in general, are refrigerant and antisep- 
tic. Their particular uses are pointed out under 
the individual articles. 

To ACID'ULATE, (F.) Aiguiser, Aciduler. 
To render acidulous, or slightly acid. 

ACID'ULOUS, Acid'idus, Suba"cidus, Oxo'des, 
Oxo'i'des, (F.) Acidule, Aigrelet. Substances are 
so called which possess a sourish taste, as tama- 
rinds, cream of tartar, etc. 

Acidulous Fruits. Oranges, gooseberries, etc. 

Acidulous Waters, Aquae AcidulcB. Mineral 
waters containing carbonic acid gas sufficient to 
render them sourish. See Waters, mineral. 

Acidulous Water, Simple, Aqua Ac"idi Car- 
bon'ici (Ph. U. S.) Aqua a'eris Jixi seu acid'- 
ula simplex, Liquor seu Aqua Sodce efferves'cens, 
Aqua Carbona 'tis Soda acid'ula, Soda water, Mi- 
neral icater, (F.) Eau acidule sinqile, is water 
impregnated with fixed air. 

Water, so impregnated, is cooling and slightly 
stimulating. It is used beneficially in dyspepsia, 
and in cases of vomiting, etc. 

ACIDUM ACETICUM, Aceticum acidum— a. 
Aceticum aromaticum, Acetum aromaticum — a. 
Aceticum camphoratum, see Aceticum acidum — 
a. Aceticum dilutum, see Aceticum acidum — a. 
Aceticum e Ligno venale, Pyroligneous acid — a. 
Aceticum einpyreumaticuin, Pyroligneous acid — 
a. Aceticum glaciale, Aceticum acidum — a. Ace- 
ticum Scilliticum, Acetum scillse — a. Acetosella?, 
Oxalic acid — a. Acetosum, Acetum — a. Allantoi- 
cum, Allantoic acid — a. Amnicum, Amniotic acid 
— a. Arsenicosum, Arsenious acid — a. Arsenio- 
sum (Ph. U. S.), Arsenicum album — a. Azoticum, 
Nitric acid — a. Benzoicum, Benjamin, Flowers 
of — a. Benzoylicum, Benzoin, Flowers of — a. 
Boracicum, Boracic acid — a. Borussieum, Hydro- 
cyanic acid — a. Carbazoticum, Acid, carbazotic — 
a. Carbonicum, Carbonic acid — a. Citricum, Citric 
acid — a. Gallicum, Acid, gallic — a. Hydriodicum, 
Acid, hydriodic — a. Hydrocarbonicum, Oxalic 
acid — a. Hydrochloricum, Muriaticum acidum — 
a. Hydrocyanicum, Hydrocyanic acid — a. Hydro- 
cyanicum dilutum, see Hydrocyanic acid — a. 
Hydrothionicum liquidum, see Hydrosulphuretted 
water — a. Iodicum, Acid, iodic — a. Jatrophicum, 
see Jatropha curcas — a. Lacticum, Lactic acid — 
a. Ligneum, Pyroligneous acid — a. Ligni pyro- 
oleosum, Pyroligneous acid — a. Lignorum empy- 
reumaticum, Pyroligneous acid — a. Limonis, Ci- 
tric acid — a. Lithicum, Uric acid — a. Marinum 
concentratum, Muriaticum acidum — a. Morbo- 
sum, Acidities — a. Muriaticum, Muriaticum aci- 
dum — a. Muriaticum dilutum, Muriaticum acidum 
— a. Muriaticum nitroso-oxygenatum, Nitro- 
muriatic acid — a. Nitri, Nitric acid — a. Nitri 
dulcificatum, Spiritus aetheris nitrici — a. Nitri- 
cum, Nitric acid — a. Nitricum dilutum, Nitric 
acid — a. Nitro-muriaticum, Nitro-muriatic acid — 
a. Oxalinum, Oxalic acid — a. Phosphoricum, 
Phosphoric acid — a. Picricum, Acid, carbazotic 
— a. Primarum viarum, Acidities — a. Prussicum, 
Hydrocyanic acid — a. Pyroaceticum, Pyrolig- 
neous acid — a. Pyroligneum, Pyroligneous acid 
— a. Pyroxylicum, Pyroligneous acid — a. Querci- 
tannicum, Tannin — a. Sacchari, Oxalic acid — a. 
Saccharinum, Oxalic acid — a. Salis, Muriaticum 
acidum — a. Salis culinaris, Muriaticum acidum — 
a. Salis marini, Muriaticum acidum — a. Scytode- 
phicum, Tannin — a. Septicum, Nitric acid — a. 
Succinicum, Succinic acid — a. Sulphuricum, Sul- 
phuric acid — a. Sulphuricum alcoolisatum, Elixir 
acidum Halleri — a. Sulphuricum aromaticum, 
Sulphuric acid, aromatic — a. Sulphuricum dilu- 
tum, Sulphuric acid, diluted — a. Sulphuris vola- 
tile, Sulphurous acid — a. Sulphurosicum, Sulphu- 
rous acid — a. Tannicum, Tannin — a. Tartari es- 
sentiale, Tartaric acid — a. Tartaricum, Tartaric 
acid — a. Tartarosum, Tartaric acid — a. Uricum, 




Uric acid— a. Urolithicum, Uric acid — a. Vitrio- 
licum, Sulphuric acid — a. Yitriolicum aromati- 
cum, Sulphuricum acidum aromatieum — a. \ U 
triolicuui alcohole aroiuaticum, Sulphuricum aci- 
dum iromationm — a. Yitriolicum vinosum, Elixir 
acidum Halleri — a. Zooticum. Hydrocyanic acid 
— a. Eootinicum, Hydrocyanic acid. 
ACIDURGIA, Surgery (operative). 
ACIER, Chalybs. 
AGIES, Chalybs— a. Digitorum manus, Pha- 

i the fingers — a. Diuxna, Heineralopia. 
ACINE, Acinus. 

A <' INK'S I A, Acine'aia, Akinesia, ImmobiVi- 
tm», Quiet, Requite, Btquit/tio, Etytih'ia, Erem'ia, 
from m, privative, and mvntif, 'motion,' kivcu), 'I 
more.' Rest Immobility. Also, the interval 
between the systole and diastole of the heart — 

Under the term Aetaeses, Romberg includes 
the paralytic neuroses, or tbOBfl tlmt are charac- 
terized by delect of motive power. 

ACINI OF MALPIGIII, Corpora Malpig- 

ACINUS, A. glandulo'eue, from ac" inns, 'a 
grape-stone,' (F.) Acine. A glandiform eorput- 
cle, in which secretion was supposed to take 
place, and the excretory radicle to arise. Acini 
are the glob'uli arteria'rum ter'mini of Nichols. 
The term ac"ini glemdulo'ti has also been given 
to glands which, like the pancreas, are arranged, 
U it were, in clusters. Glands thus formed have 
been called glan'dulce acino'sce. See Lobule. 
ACIPENSER, see Ichthyocolla. 
ACIURGIA, Surgery (operative). 
ACMAS'TICUS, from oKun, 'the top,' and craw, 
'I remain.' A fever which preserves an equal 
degree of intensity throughout its course. It is 
also called Bbmot'onot. The Greeks gave it the 
name of Epacmat'ticot, and Syn'ochos, when it 
went on increasing, and Paracmas'ticos, when it 
decreased. — Galen. 

ACME, Vigor, Cor'yphe, Culmina'tio, Statu*, 
Fa*l!<i"ium. The period of a disease at which 
the symptoms are most violent. Arche, Apxi, is 
'the commencement;' anab'asis, avafiaou, 'the 
period of increase;' and acme, aKpn, 'the height,' 
(F.) E<«t. 

ACMELLA, Spilanthus acmella — a. Mauriti- 
ana, Spilanthus acmella. 
ACMON, Incus. 

ACNE, Acna, Ton' thus varus. Yam*, Psydra'cia 
ArftP, Stone Pock, Whelk, Jiubucle, (F.) Acne", 
Dartre pustuleuse ditaiminie. A small pimple 
or tubercle on the face. — Gomeus. Foe'sius 
thinks the word ought to be Acme ; and, accord- 
ing to Cassius, it is. at all events, derived from 
aKfirj, 'vigour;' the disease affecting those in the 
vigour of life especially. 

Wilkin and Bateman have adopted the term in 
their Nosology of cutaneous diseases, and placed 
it to the order Tibkrcula. Acne, with them, is 
an eruption of distinct, hard, inflamed tubercles, 
Sometimes continuing for a considerable length 
of time, and sometimes suppurating slowly and 
partially. They usually appear on the forehead, 
temples, and chin, and are common to both sexes : 
but the most severe forms are seen in young men. 
Tbey require but Little management, and consist 
of four varieties : Atne indura'ta, A. timplex, 
(ffaploiicni), A» puneta'ta (Ion'tkut vorua punc- 
ta'tua, PuhcUb mueo'ttt, Crino'ntt, Comtdo'net 
or Maggot Pimple, (Forms, Orubt) t and A. rosa'- 
cea. — See Gotta Rosea. 

Acmk Mi;\t\i;i;.i, Sycosis — a. Rosacea, Ghitta 
Rosea — a. of the Throat, Pharyngitis, follicu- 

ACNE'MIA, Akin'mia, from a, privative, and 
Kvrjfir], 'the leg.' Absence of legs. 

ACNE, Acne — a, MolhuecUde, Molluscum. 
ACNES'TIS, from a, privative, and Kvactv, 'to 
scratch.' The part of the spine which extends, 
in quadrupeds, from between the shoulders to the 
loins. According to Pollux, the middle of the 
loins. The vertebral column. 

ACNESTOS, Cneorum tricoccum. 
ACOK, Audition, Ear. 

ACGJ'LIOS, from a, privative, and Koi\ta, 'belly.' 
Devoid of belly. One who is so emaciated as to 
appear to have no belly. — Galen. 
ACOEMETER, Acoumeter. 
ACOEMETRUM, Acoumeter. 
ACOENOSI, Aconusi. 
AC0KS1S, Audition. 
ACOGNOSIA, Pharmacognosia. 
ACOLASIA, Intemperance. 
ACOLOGY, Materia Medica. 
ACONE, Mortar. 

cammarum — a. Salutaire, Aconitum anthora. 
ACONITA, see Aconitum napellus. 
ACONITE, Aconitum. 

ACONITI FOLIA, see Aconitum— a. Radix, 
sec Aconitum. 

ACONITIA, see Aconitum napellus. 
ACONITIN, see Aconitum napellus. 
ACONITINE, see Aconitum napellus. 
ACONITIUM, see Aconitum napellus. 
ACONI'TUM, from Ac'one, a place in Bithy- 
nia, where it is common. Cynoc'tonon, Parda- 
lian'chee, Pardalian'chum, Oanici'da, Ac'onite, 
Wolfsbane, Monkshood. Ord. Rauunculaceaj. 
Sex. Sy*t. Polyandria Trigynia. 

Aconitum, Aconite, in the Pharmacopoeia of 
the United States, 1842, is the leaves of Aconi- 
tum napellus, and A. paniculatum. In the last 
edition, 1851, Aconiti folia is the officinal Dame 
for the leaves, Aconiti radix for that of the 

Aconi'tum An'thora, A. Salutiferum sou 
Nemoro'sum seu Candol'lei sen Jacqnini aeu Eu'lo- 
phum SOU Anthoroideum, An'thora vulga' ris, An'- 
thora, Antith'ora, Sal'utarv Monkshood, Whole- 
some Wolfsbane, Yelloic helmet /loicer, (F.) Aconit 
salutaire. The root of this variety, as of all the 
rest, is poisonous. It is used as a cathartic and 
anthelmintic. Dose ^ss to ^j. 

Aconitum Anthoroidkum, A. anthora. 
Aconi'tum Cam'marum, A. panieula'tum, A. 
macran'thum, A. Kusnczo'vii, (F.) Aconit <1 
grands feura, resembles Aconitum Napellus in 

Aconitum Candollei, A. anthora — a. Eulo- 
phum, A. anthora. 

Aconitum Ferox, amostviolentranunculaceous 
poison, which grows in Nepaul, and is the Bieh 
or Bikh poison of that country. Its effects are 
like those of the Aconitum Napellus. 

Aconitum Jacquini, A. anthora — a. Kusnezovii, 
A. cammarum — a. Mrtcranthum, A. cammarum. 

Aconi'tum Napel'lus, Aconi'tum Napel'lve 
verus, Common Monkshood or Wolfabane, A. ff - 

omonta' Hum, (F.) Chaperon de Moine. The leaves 
are narcotic, sudorific, and deobstruent (?) Thoy 
have been used in chronic rheumatism, scrofula, 
scirrhus, paralysis, amaurosis, etc. The active 
principle is called Aeonit'ia, Aconiti' na, Aconi'ta, 
Aconit' ium or Aconitine. A form for its prepara- 
tion is contained in the Ph. U. S. (1S51). It is 
made by treating an alcoholic extract of the root 
with dilute aulphuric acid; precipitating by solu- 
tion of ammonin ; dissolving the precipitate in 
dilute aulphuric acid; treating with animal ehar- 
U coal; again precipitating with solution of ammo- 




tiki ; washing with water, and drying. It re- 
quires 150 parts of cold and 50 of boiling water 
to dissolve it, but is readily- dissolved by alcohol 
and ether. It neutralizes the acids, and forms 
with them uncrystallizable salts. It has been 
used internally, and especially applied exter- 
nally, in neuralgic cases, iatraleptically and en- 
dermically. Dose of Aconitum, gr. j. to gr. iij. 

AcoNiTor Xemorosum, A. anthora — a. Xeo- 
inuntanuin, A. napellus — a. Paniculatum, A. cam- 
marum — a. Raeemosuin, Actaaa spicata — a. Salu- 
tiferum, A. anthora. 

Aconitum U-vcixa'tum, Wild Monkshood, in- 
digenous, is said to have similar virtues with 
Aconitum napellus. 

ACOXU'SI, Acoen'osi, Acoon'osi, from aKon, 
'audition,' and vovaos, 'disease.' Morbi au'rium 
et audi'tus. Diseases of the ear and audition. 
ACOOXOSI, Aconusi. 

AC'OPIS. Same etymon as the next. Pliny 
gives this name to a precious stone, which was 
boiled in oil and used against weariness. 

AC'OPON, from a, privative, and koxos, 'weari- 
ness.' A remedy against weariness — Foesius, Gor- 
raeus, <fec. Ac'vpum, — Celsus, Pliny. SeeAnagyris. 
ACOPRIA, Constipation. 
ACOPROSIS, Constipation. 
ACOR BEXZOIXUS, Benjamin — a. Boraci- 
cus, Boracic acid — a. Succineus, Succinic acid — 
a. Sulphuris, Sulphuric acid — a. Tartaricus, Tar- 
taric acid. 

ACORE BATARD, Iris pseudacorus — a. 
Faux, Iris pseudacorus — a. Odurant, Acorus 
ACORES, Acids, and Acidities. 
ACOR'IA, from a, privative, and Kopzw, 'I sa- 
tiate.' An inordinate or canine appetite. — Hip- 

ACORI'TES. A wine made of Acorns. — Dios- 

ACOR'MUS, from a, privative, and Kopp.os, 
'trunk.' A monster devoid of a trunk. — Gurlt. 

ACORX, JUPITER'S, Fagus castanea — a. 
Oily, Guilandina moringa — a. Sardinian, Fagus 

ACORNS. See Quercus alba. 
ACORUS ADULTERIXUS, Iris pseudacorus. 
Ac'ORCS Cal'amcs. A. Vents seu Brazilien'sis, 
Cal'amus Aromat'icns seu Odora'tus seu Vulga'- 
rf*, Ti/pha Aromat' ica, Clava Rugo'sa, Sweet flag 
or Ac'orus, Flagroot, Sweet cane, Myrtle Flag, 
Sweet grafts, Sweet root, Sweet rush. (F.) June 
roseau ou Canne aromatique, Acore odorant. 
Ord. Aroidea? ; Acoraceae. (Lindley.) Sex. Syst. 
Hexandria Monogynia. The rhizoma — Calamus 
(Ph. U. S. — is stomachic and carminative, but is 
rarely used. It is regarded as a good adjuvant 
to bark and quinia in intermittents. 

Acorcs Palustris, Iris pseudacorus — a. Vul- 
garis. Iris pseudacorus. 
ACOS. Medicament 

ACOS'MIA, from a, privative, and kocuos, 'or- 
der, ornament.' Disorder, irregularity in the 
critical days, according to Galen, who uses the 
word Koafios for regularity in those days. Others, 
and particularly Pollux, call bald persons qkoouoi, 
because they are deprived of one of their most 
beautiful ornaments. 

ACOU'METER, Aeou'dm'eter, Acoem'eter, Aco- 
em'etrum, Acu' meter, Acusim'eter, (F.) Acoumi>tre, 
from aKow, 'I hear.' and utrpov, 'measure.' An 
instrument designed by ML Itard for measuring 
the degree of hearing. 

ACOUMETRE, Acoumeter. 
ACOUOPHO'XTA, Copho'nia; from ukovw, 
'I hear,' and ^v^, 'voice,' "Auscultatory Per- 
cus'sion." A mode of auscultation, in which the 

observer places his ear on the chest, and analyzes 
the sound produced by percussion. — Donue. 

ACOUS'MA, an imaginary noise. Depraved 
sense of hearing. 

ACOUS'TIC, Acus'ticus, (F.) Acoustique. That 
which belongs to the ear; as Acoustic nerve, 
Acoustic trumpet. 

Acoustic Medicine is one used in diseased 

ACOUSTICO-MALLEEX, Laxator tympani. 

ACOUS'TICS, Acus'tica. (F.) Acoustique. The 
part of physics which treats of the theory of 
sounds. It is also called Phonics. 

ACOUSTIQUE, Acoustic, Acoustics. 

ACQUA BIXELLI, Aqua Binellii — a. Broc- 
chieri, Aqua Brocchierii — a. Monterossi, Aqua 
Binellii — a. di Xapoli, Liquor arsenicalis — a. 
della Toffana, Liquor arsenicalis. 

ACQUETTA, Liquor Arsenicalis. 

thermal sulphureous springs are in Piedmont. 
Their temperature is 167° Fahr., and they con- 
tain sulphohydric acid and chloride of sodium. 

ACQUIRED DISEASES, Morbi acquis' iti, 
M. adcenti'tii, M. epicte'ti. Adventitious diseases. 
(F.) Maladies acquises. Diseases which occur 
after birth, and which are not dependent upon 
hereditary predisposition. 

ACRAI'PALA, from a, privative, and Kpama^n, 
'drunkenness.' Remedies against the effects of 
a debauch. — Gorraeus. 

ACRA'LEA, from axpus, 'extremity.' The ex- 
treme parts of the body, as the head, hands, feet, 
nose, ears, &c. — Hippocrates and Galen. See 

ACRA'XIA, from a, privative, and Kpaviov, 'the 
cranium.' Want of cranium, wholly or in part. 

ACRA'SIA, from a, privative, or 'bad,' and 
Kpaois, ' mixture.' Intemperance. Excess of any 
kind. Surfeit. 

It has been employed to denote debility, syno- 
nymously with Acratia; but this may have been 
a typographical inaccuracy. 

ACRATI'A, from a, privative, and Kparos, 
'strength.' Impotence; weakness, fainting. 

ACRATIS'MA, from a, privative, and Kt^av- 
vu/h, ' to mix.' A breakfast, consisting of bread 
| steeped in wine, not mixed with water. — Galen, 

ACRATOM'ELI, from aKparov, 'pure wine,' 
and ut\i, ' honey.' Wine mixed with honey. 

ACRATOPE'GiE, Akratope'ga>, from a, priva- 
tive, Kparos, ' strength,' and irnyri, ' a spring.' 
Mineral waters having no marked chemical qua- 

ACRATOPOS'IA, from acratum, and roan, 
' drink.' The drinking of pure or unmixed wine 

A'CRATUM. aKparov, from a, privative, and 
Kparos, ' strength.' Unmixed wine, Acratum 
vinum, Vinnm merum. 

ACRATURE'SIS, from acratia, 'weakness,' 
and ovprjois, from ovpov, ' urine,' ' the act of dis- 
charging the urine.' Inability to void the urine, 
from paralysis of the bladder. 

ACRE. The extremity or tip of the nose. 

A'CREA, Acrote'ria, from aKpos, 'the summit.' 
Th e extreme parts of the body, as the feet, hands, 

■ ears, &c. 

Also the extreme parts of animals that are used 
as food, Acroco'lia. 

ACRID, from aKf.os, 'pointed,' or from ants, 'a 
j 1 point,' Acer. An epithet for substances which 

■ occasion a disagreeable sense of irritation or of 
| constriction at the top of the throat. 

Acrid heat, (F.) Chaleur acre, is one that causes 
I a hot tingling sensation at the extremities of the 

Acrid Poison', See Poison. 
I Acrids, in Pathology, are certain imaginary 




substances, supposed by the humourists to exist 
in the humours, and to cause various diseases. 
Bee Acrimony. 

ACRIDOPH'AGI,froma<cp (f ,a*p«W, 'a locust,' 
and <^uyu>, ' I eat,' Locust-eaters. Acridophagous 
tribes are said to exist in Africa. — Strabo. 

ACRIMONY, Acu'iUu, Am'mo'nia, from acer, 
' acrid,' olkis, 'a point.' Acrimony of the humours. 
An imaginary acrid change of the blood, lymph, 
Ac, which, by the humourists, was conceived to 
cause many diseases. 

A< 'KIN'IA, from a, privative, and *.ptvu>, 'I 
separate.' A diminution in the quantity, or a 
total suspension, of the secretions. 

A ORIS, a sharp bony prominence. Also, the 

ACRI'SIA, Acri'sis, from a, privative, and 
Kpian, 'judgment.' A condition of disease, in 
which no judgment can be formed; or in which 
an unfavourable opinion must be given. — Hipp, 
and Galen. 

ACRISIS, Acrisia. 

ACRIT'ICAL, Ac r ritos, (F.) Acritique, from a, 
privative, and *pi<ns, 'judgment.' That which 
takes place without any crisis, or which does not 
foretell a crisis ; as a critical symptom, abscess, <fcc. 
ACRITOS, Acritical. 
ACRIVIOLA, Tropaeolum majus. 
ACROBYS'TIA, Acropos'tkia, from aicpos, 'top,' 
and ,Juu), ' I cover.' The extremity of the prepuce. 
— Hippocrates. Rufus. 

ACROCHEIR', Acrochir', Acrocheir'on, from 
aicpos, ' extremity,' and x a P> ' tne band.' The 
forearm and hand. — Gomeus. Also, the hand. 

ACROCHOR'DON, from aicpos, 'extremity,' 
and x°P?>i> ' a string.' A tumour which hangs by 
a pedicle. A kind of hard wart, Verru'ca pens' - 
His. — Aetius, Celsus. 

ACROCHORIS'MUS, from axpog, 'extremity,' 
and xopcvu, ' I dance.' A kind of dance, with 
the ancients, in which the arms and legs were 
violently agitated. 
ACROCOLIUM, Acromion. 
ACROD'RYA, from a/cpoy, 'extremity,' and 
tpvs, 'a tree.' Autumnal fruits, as nuts, ap- 
ples, &c. 

ACRODYN'IA, Erythe'ma acrod'ynum, E. 
acrodyn'ia, Ohiropodal'gia, (F.) Acrodynie, Mai 
de* pied* tt de$ mains, from axpos, 'extremity,' 
and oSvvn, ' pain.' A painful affection of the 
wrists and ankles especially, which appeared in 
Paris as an epidemic, in 1828 and 1S29. It was 
supposed by some to be rheumatic, by others to 
be owing to spinal irritation. It appears to have 
been the same as Dengue. 
ACROLENION, Olecranon. 
A< KOMI A, Acromion. 

A< UO'MIAL, Acromia'lis. Relating to the 

Acromial Ar'tert, External Scap'vlar, A. 
Arte'ria Thorac"ica humera'lis, Artere troisiime 
des Thoraciques, — (Ch.) A. Thoracique hume- 
rale, arises from the anterior part of the axillary 
artery, opposite the upper edge of the pectoral is 
minor. It divides into two branches: one, ante- 
rior; the other, inferior, — the branches of which 
are distributed to the subclavius, serratu* major 
anticus, first intercostal, deltoid, and pectoralis 
major muscles, as well as to the shoulder joint, 
<fcc. They anastomose with the superior scapular, 
thoracic, and circumflex arteries. 

Ac it o M i a l X b ■ v i b, Nervi aeromia'lee. 
Branches of the fourth cervical nerve, which are 
distributed to the acromial region. 

Acromial Vein has the same arrangement as 
the arterv. 

At KU'MIO-CORACOI'DEUS. Belonging to 
the acromion and coracoid process. 

The triangular ligament between the acromion 
and coracoid process of the scapula is so called. 

ACRO'MION, Acro'mium, Acro'min, Acro'mis, 
from axpoi, 'the top,' and wpos, 'the shoulder.' 
Os Acro'mii, Hu' merits summit*, Annus summit*, 
Mucro hu'meri, Host rum purci'num, Caput Seap'- 
uIcb, Acroco'lium. The process which terminates 
the spine of the scapula, and is articulated with 
the clavicle. 

ACROMIS, Acromion. 

ACROMP1IALIUM, Acromphalon. 

A C R M'P H ALON, Aerompha'Uum, from 
axpog, 'the top,' and outputs, 'the navel.' The 
extremity of the umbilical cord, which remains 
attached to the fcetus after birth. 

ACROMYLE. Patella. 


A'CRONYX, from axpos, 'the summit,' and 
ovv%, ' the nail.' Growing in of the nail. 

ACROPARAL'YSIS, from a^os, 'extremity,' 
and -napaXvatg, 'palsy;' Paral' ysis txtrcmita'tum, 
Palsy of the extremities. — Fuchs. 

ACROPOSTHIA, Acrobystia. 


ACROPSI'LON, from ctKpos, 'extremity,' and 
uVtXof, ' naked.' The extremity of the glans penis. 

ACRORIA, Vertex. 

ACRORRHEU'M A, SheumatWmua extremUu 1 - 
tum, from axpos, ' extremity,' audpevua, 'defluxion, 
rheumatism.' Rheumatism of the extremities. 

ACROS, axpos, 'extremity, top.' The strength 
of the Athletai, and of diseases ; the prominences 
of bones ; the extremities of the fingers, &c. Bee 
Acrocheir, Acromion, &c. 

podium incanum. 

ACROTERIA, Acrea. See Extremity. 

ACROTERIASIS, Acroteriasmus. 

ACROTERIAS'MUS, Aeroteri'arie, from a*po- 
Tnpta, 'the extremities;' hence aKpornpta^itv. 'to 
mutilate.' Amputation of the extremities. 

ACROTHYM'ION, from axpos, 'top.' and 
Svuov, 'thyme.' A kind of conical, rugous, bloody 
wart, a " moist wart," compared by Celsus to the 
Mower of thyme. 

ACROT'ICA, from a*po?, ' summit.' Diseases 
affecting the excernent functions of the external 
surface of the body. 

Pravity of the fluids or emunctories that open 
on the external surface ; without fever or other 
internal affection as a necessary accompaniment. 

The 3d order of the class Eccrit'ica of Good. 

ACROTISMUS, Asphyxia. 

ACT, Actus, from actum, past participle of 
agere, ' to do,' ' a thing done.' The effective ex- 
ercise of a power or faculty. The action of an 
agent. Acre is used by the French, to signify 
the public discussion, which occurs in supporting 
a thesis; — thus, soutenir un Acte aux E coles de 
Medccine, is, 'to defend a Thesis in the Schools 
of Medicine.' 

ACTA, Gcsta. 

ACT^EA CIMICIFUGA, A. racemosa. 

ActjK'a Racemo'sa, A. Gimieif'uga, Cimicif- 
iiya racemo'sa, Macro' trys racemo'sa, Bot'rophis 
Serpenta'ria (?), Serpenta f ria nigra, Black enake- 
root, Richweed, Cohoeh, Squaw mat, Rattleweed, 

I JJlack Cohosh. (F.) Avtee d grappee, Serpent aire 
noire. Ord. Ranunculaceao. Sex. Sget. Polyan- 
dria Pentagynia. A common plant in the United 
States. The root, Cimicif'uga (Ph. U. S.), is as- 
tringent : and, according to Barton, has been 
successfully used, in the form of a decoction, is 
a gargle in putrid sore throat. A decoction of 

II the root cures the itch. It is aero-narcotic, and 




has been used in rheumatism, acute and chronic ; 
chorea, <fcc. 

ActjE'a Spica'ta, Christophoria'na spica'ta, 
Aconi'tum racemo'sum, Baneberry, Herb Chris'- 
topher. (F.) Herbe St. Christophe. A perennial 
herbaceous European plant, the root of which 
resembles that of the black hellebore. The root 
is cathartic, and sometimes emetic, and in over- 
doses may produce dangerous consequences. 

Actce'a America'na, of which there are two 
varieties, A. alba and A. rubra, — white and red 
cohosh, — is indigenous in the United States. It 
has the same properties as A. spicata. 

ACTE, Sambucus. 

ACTE, Act. 

AC TEE d GRAPPES, Actsea racemosa. 

AC TIF, Active. 

ACTIO, Action, Function. 

ACTION, Ac'tio, Opera'tio, Energi'a, Praxis : 
from agere, actum, ' to act.' Mode in which one 
object influences another. 

The animal actions are those that occur in the 
animal body : the vital, those that are essential 
to life : the physiological, those of a healthy cha- 
racter : the pathological or morbid, those that 
occur in disease, &c. The ancients divided the 
physiological actions into vital, animal, natural, 
sexual, particular, general, &c. See Function. 


ACTIVE, same etymon. Dras'ticus, Acti'vus, 
Sthen'icus, Hypersthen'icus. (F.) Actif. This 
adjective is used, in Pathology, to convey the idea 
of superabundant energy or strength. Active 
symptoms, e. g. are those of excitement. In The- 
rapeutics, it signifies energetic : — as, an active 
treatment. The French use the expression Jle- 
decine agissante, in contradistinction to Medecine 
expectante. In Physiology, active has a similar 
signification, many of the functions being divided 
into active and passive. 

ACTON. A village near London, at which 
there is a purgative mineral spring, like that at 

ACTUAL. Same etymon as active. That 
which acts immediately. A term usually re- 
stricted to the red-hot iron, or to heat in any 
form; in contradistinction to the potential or vir- 
tual, which is applied to caustics or escharotics. 

ACTUA'RIUS. Originally a title of dignity 
given to the Byzantine physicians. 


ACUITAS, Acrimony. 


ACUMETER, Acoumeter. 

A'CUPUNCTURE, Acupunctu' ra, Acupuncta'- 
tion, Acupunctura'tion, from acus, ' a needle,' and 
punctura, a puncture,' A surgical operation, 
much in use amongst the Chinese and Japanese, 
which consists in puncturing parts with a very 
fine needle. It has been employed, of late years, 
in obstinate rheumatic affections, <fcc, and appa- 
rently with success. Acupuncture is likewise a 
mode of infanticide in some countries ; the needle 
being forced into the brain through the fonta- 
nelles, or into the spinal marrow, &c. 

ACURGIA, Surgery (operative). 

ACUS, Needle — a. Capitata, Pin — a. Invagi- 
nata, see Needle — a. Ophthalmica, see Needle — 
a. Paracentica, Trocar — a. Paracentetica, Trocar 
— a. Triquetra vulgaris, Trocar — a. Veneris, 
Eryngium campestre. 

ACUSIMETER, Acoumeter. 

ACUSIS, Audition. 

ACUSTICA, Acoustics. 

ACUSTICUS, Auditory. 

ACUTE, Acu'tus, Oxys, o^vg, (aicis, 'a point.') 
(F.) Aigu. A disease which, with a certain de- 
gree of severity, has a rapid progress, and short 

duration, is said to be "acute." — Oxynose'ma, 
Oxyn' osos, Oxynu'sos. 

Diseases were formerly subdivided into Morbi 
acutis'simi, very acute, or those which last only 
three or four days : M. subacutis'simi, which con- 
tinue seven days : and M. subacu'ti, or those 
which last from twenty to forty days. 

The antithesis to acute is chronic. Acute, when 
applied to pain, sound, cries, &c, means sharp. 

ACUTENACULUM, Porte-aiguille. 

ACYANOBLEP'SIA, from a, privative, kvovos. 
'blue,' and /JXettw, *I see.' Defective vision, 
which consists in incapability of distinguishing 
blue. — Gothe. See Achromatopsia. 

ACYESIS, Sterilitas. 

ACYRUS, Arnica montana. 

ACYSTINERVIA, Cystoparalvsis. 

ACYSTURONERVIA, Cystoparalysis. 


ACYTERIUS, Abortive. 

ADACA. The Spheeran'thus In'dicus, a Mala- 
bar plant, which is acrid and aromatic. 

ADAC'RYA, from a, privative, and Saxpvw, 'I 
weep.' Defective secretion of tears. 

AD.EMONIA, Anxiety. 

ADAKO'DIEN. A Malabar plant of the fa- 
mily Apocynea3, used in that country in diseases 
of the eyes. 

AD'ALI, Lip'pia. A Malabar plant, which 
the Orientals regard as an antidote to the bite of 
the naja. 

the teeth. 

ADAMAS, Diamond. 

ADAMI'TA, Adami'tum. A very hard, white 
calculus. — Paracelsus. 

The first word has been used for stone in the 
bladder : the second for lithiasis or the calculous 

ADAM'S APPLE, Pomum Adami. 


ADAPTER, from ad and a 2 )to, 'I fit.' A tube 
employed in pharmaceutical operations for length- 
ening the neck of a retort; or in cases where the 
opening of the receiver is not large enough to 
admit the beak of the retort. 

ADAR'CE, Adar'cion, Adar'cis. A concretion 
found about the reeds and grass in theiuarshy 
regions of Galatia, and hiding them, as u were : 
hence the name, from a privative, and Sepicd), 'I 
see.' It was formerly in repute for cleansing the 
skin from freckles, <fec. 

ADARIGO, Orpiment. 

ADARNECH, Orpiment. 


superficial artery of the abdomen, — a branch of the 
crural or femoral, which arises at the lower part 
of Poupart's ligament, and ascends towards the 
umbilicus, being distributed to the integuments. 

ADDAD. A Numidian plant; bitter and poi- 

ADDEPHAG"IA, Adephag"ia, from aSSrjv, 
'much,' and <f>ayuv, 'to eat.' Voraciousness. 
Galen and Hoffmann have given this name to 
voracious appetite in children affected with 
worms. Sauvages refers it to Bulimia. Also, 
the goddess of gluttony. 

ADDER'S TONGUE, Ophioglossum vulgatum. 

ADDISON, DISEASE OF, see Capsule, renal. 

ADDITAMEN'TUM. A term once used sy- 
nonymously with Epiphysis. It is now restricted 
to the prolongation of two cranial sutures, the 
lambdoidal and squamous. 

ADDiTAiMENTUM Coli, Appendix vermiformis 
caeci — a. Necatum, Olecranon — a. ad Sacro-lum- 
balem, see Sacro-lumbalis — a. Uncatum ulnae, 
Olecranon — a. Ulnae, Radius. 

ADDUCENS OCULI, Rectus internus oculi. 


3 3 


ADDUOTMUR I)K UCETL, Rectus inter- 
num ocuti — ". du (Jr<>* urt< il, Addoetor pollicis 
pedis — a . Premier ou Roy**, Adductor longaa 

I i lii-tor pollicis manQs 

— n. Seeomd on petit, Adductor brevis — a. Troi- 
tilme <>u grand, Addoetor magnna 

ADD1 C'TION, Addtttftio, from ad, 'to,' and 

dm-,,:, "to draw.' Paraao'oi. The action by 
which parts are drawn towards tin; axis of the 

The muscles which execute this function are 
Boiled A Id c'tort. 

teriirr medii digit! podil — a. Oculi, Rectus inter- 
nus oculi. 

Adduo'tor Metacar'pi min'imi Dir,"iTr. Me. 
laeor'j wetaear , pe»s min'imi dig"iti, 

L? situate between the addoetor and flexor, aezt 
to the metoeorpol bone. It arises, fleshy, from 
the unciform proeeea of the 01 nueiforme, and 
from ti. of the annular ligament 

of the wrist, and ia inserted, tendinous and fleshy, 
into the of the metacarpal bone of the 
little finger, from its base to its 

Addcc'toh Pol'licts .Mvm's. A. Pol' licit, A. 
ad turn' i/iitini ditj"itum, Metacar'po-pkalam'geut 
poFlicit — (Cb.) (F.) Addueteur dm pouce. A 
muscle which arises, fleshy, from almost the 
whole length of the metacarpal bone of the mid- 
dle finger, and is inserted into the inner part of 
the root of the first bone of the thumb. 

Adduc'tor Pol'ucis Pedis, Antitk'enar, Me- 
%atar*to-tubpkalan' geut pollicit. — (Ch.) Tarto- 
tnetatarti-phalangien du pouce. (F.) Addueteur 
du grot ortt it Arises by a long, thin tendon, 
from the under part of the os calcis, from the os 
eoboides, os enneiforme externum, and from the 
root of the metatarsal bone of the second toe. It 
is divided into two fleshy portions, and is inserted 
into the external sesamoid bone, and root of the 
metatarsal bone of the great toe. 

Biehat has given the general name, Adduct- 
ion, to those of the interosseous muscles of the 
hand or foot, which perform the action of ad- 

Adductor Truth Digiti Pedis, Prior tertii 
digiti i 

Addi CTORS of toe thigh. These are three 
in number, which have, by Borne anatomisl • 
united into one muscle — the Triceps Adduc'tor 

1. Adduc'tor longut /em'orit, Adduc'tor /em'- 
orit primut, Triceps minor, Pu' bio-femora' lit — 
(Ch.) (V. Premier on moyen addueteur. Arises 
by a strong tendon from the upper ami fore part 
of the os pubis and ligament of the symphysis. 
at the inner side of the pectinalis. It runs down- 
war. 1- aul outward--, and ia inserted by a broad, 
flat tendon, into the middle of the linea aspera. 

2. Adduc'tor brevit, A. /em'orit tecun'due, 
Tricep* tecun'due, Sub-p*tbio-/emora'lit — (Ch.) 
(F.J Second on petit Addueteur. Arises tendi- 
nous from the os pobis, at the side ,,f it- sym- 
physis, below and behind the last muscle." It 
runs obliquely outwards, and is inserted by ■ 

short, flat tendon into the inner and upper part 
of the lines aspen, from a little below the tro- 
chanter minor to the beginning uf the Insertion 
of the adductor longus. 

3. Adduc'tor magnut, Adduc'tor fem'orie Xer 1 - 
timer quartut, Tricept magnut, It'ckio-ftmora'- 
lit — (Ch.) (F.) Troitiime an grand addueteur, is 
much larger than either of the others. It arises 
from the ramus of the pubis, from that of the 
ischium, and from the tuber ischii, and ia inserted 
into the whole length of the linea aspera, 

the lower part of the lines aspera it ia pierced 
by a kind of oblique, fibrous canal, through which 
the crural artery and vein i 

ADEC. The inner man. — Paracelsus. 
ADECTA, Sedatives. 
ADELIPARIA, Polysomia. 
ADELODAOAM. A bitter Malabar plant, 
BSed in asthma, catarrh, and coiit. 

ADELPHIA, Bee Adelpbiaia. 
ADELPHIX'IA, Adelphix'it; from ^Atfoj, 
'brother.' Consanguinity of parti in health or 
: Frater'nitat, Fratra'tio. Hippocrates 

used the word Adel'phia for diseases that re- 
semble each other. 

ADELPHIXIS, Sympathy. 

ADEM03 I \. Depression, Nosta] 

ADEM0S1 Ni:. Depression, Nost 

ADEN, a6nv, 'a gland;' hence Adenalgio, 
Adeniform, Ac. — see Qland. 

ADENAL'CIA, Adenodvn'ia, from a^rjv, '& 
gland,' and aAyjj, 'pain.' Qlandolar pain. 

ADENECTOP'IA, from afav, 'a gland,' nnd 
CKTurroi, • removed from its place. 1 .Dislocation 
of a gland. 

ADENEMPHRAX'IS, from ,«V, '• gland.' 
and Cfuppa^ii, ' obstruction.' Glandular obstruc- 

A DENIES, Adenopathies angibromiqnet. Dis- 
: the glands connected with the digestive 
tube. — Piorry. 

ADEX'IFORM, A < U n i/o rm ' it, A denoVdet, 
Ad'enoid, from Aden, 'a gland,' and Forma, 
' form or resemblance.' Olan'di/orm, or resem- 
bling a gland. 

ADENITE, Adenitis — a. L u m tp katiquc, Lym- 

ADENI'TIS, from aSr,v, 'a gland.' and fa's, a 
termination denoting inflammation. Phlegmm'tia 
adeno'ta sen glandulo'ttu (F.) Adinite. dlandu- 
lar inflammation. 

Adbxitib Lymi'hatica, Lymphadenitis. 

Adbmi'yis .Mkskntkk'k a. Metenter'ic Gangli- 
on? tit. Inflammation of the mesenteric glands. 

Adenitis PalmbBBABUB Contagiosa, see Oph- 

ADEXOCE'LE, from uSmv, <a gland,' and n\n, 
'a rupture.' 'a tumour.' Under this term .Mr. 
Rirkett includes tumours of the mamma', 
which contain structures similar DO, if not identi- 
cal with, the normal secreting tissue of the gland, 
and more especially the eysto-sarcoma, and 
chronic mammary tumours of surgical authors. 


gland,' \tip, i the hand,' anrio, ' I lay hold of,' and 
Aoyo?, 'a description.' The doctrine of curing 
scrofula or the king's evil by the royal touch. 
ADENOCHON'DRIUS, from atn\, 'a gland,' 

and %oi>6pos, 'a cartilage.' Relating to gland and 
cartilage, — for example, Arthrophjf'ma adeno- 
chon'drium, a tumefaction of the glands and car- 
of joints. 

tymphyotiquet, from <;< mv, ' a gland/ and 6ippa. 
'skin.' Syphilitic affections of the glands uf the 

ADENODYNIA, Adenalgio. 
ADENOQ'RAPHY, Adt nogrm'pUia, fro,,, „,', , , 

• a gland, ' and ypmpu>, ' I describe.' That pail ot 
anatomy which describes the glands. 

ADENOID, Adeniform. 
ADENOIDBS, Adeniform. 
ADENOL'OGY, Ad*motog"in, from nfi r >, 'a 
gland,' and Xoyos, ' •*■ description.' A 

the glanda 

ADENOMALA'CTA, from •***, 's gland,' and 

un\aKin, ' Sid'tellillg.' Moll CS C e i 

of a gland. 

ADENO-MENINGEAL, see Fever, adeno- 

ADENONCOSIS, Adenophyma. 




ADEXOXCUS, Adenophyma. 


Aden its. 

A D E ' X O-P H A R Y X ' G E U S, from ainv, ' a 
gland,' and <papvyl-, cpapvyyos, 'the pharynx.' 
Some fleshy fibres, which pass from the con- 
strictor pharyngis inferior to the thyroid gland, 
have received this name. Their existence is not 

Inflammation of the tonsils and pharynx. 

ADEXOPHTHALMIA, Ophthalmia tarsi. 

ADENOPHY'M A, Adenon'cns, Adenonco'sis, 
from aSrjv, 'a gland,' and (pvfia, 'a swelling.' 
Swelling of a gland, or glandiform ganglion. 
(F.) Glandage. Adenophyma is used by some to 
signify a soft glandular swelling; — Adenoncus, 
one of a harder character. — Kraus. 

Adenophyma Inguinalis. Bubo. 

ADENOSCIR'RHUS, Adenosclero'sis, from 
atrjv, 'a gland,' and crKippos, 'induration.' Scir- 
rhous induration of a gland. 

ADEXOSCLEROSIS, Adenoscirrhus. 


ADEXO'SUS, (Absces'sus). A hard, glandular 
abscess, which suppurates slowly. — M. A. Seve- 


ADEXOT'OMY, Adenotom'ia, from aSrjv, 'a 
gland,' and Trivia, 'I cut.' Dissection of the 

ADEPHAGIA, Addephagia, Boulimia. 

ADEPS, genitive Adipis, Adeps Suilhis,Oxyn'- 
gium, Pingne'do, Lar'idum, Larditm, Lard. 
(Prov.) Mart, Sallis, Swinesame. Pig's flare. 
The fat of the hog. In the Ph. U. S., the pre- 
pared fat of Sus scrofa, free from saline matter. 

Adeps Anseri'nus. Adeps an'seris or Goose 
grease, (F.) Graisse d'Oie, is emollient. It has 
been used as an emetic. 

Adeps Cantharidibus Medicatus, Unguen- 
tum lyttae medicatum— a. Cortice Daphnes gnidii 
medicatus, Unguentum epispasticum de Daphne 
gnidio — a. Humanus, Liquamumia — a. Hydrar- 
gyro medicatus. Unguentum Hydrargyri — a. ex 
Hydrargyro mitius dictum cinereum, Unguentum 
oxidi hydrargyri cinereum — a. Hydrargyri muri- 
ate oxygenato medicatus, Unguentum muriatis 
hydrargyri oxygenati medicatum — a. Hydrargyri 
nitrate medicatus, Unguentum hydrargyri nitratis 
— a. Hydrargyri oxido rubro et plumbi acetate 
medicatus, Unguentum ophthalmicum — a. Lauro 
medicatus, Unguentum laurinura — a. Myristicae, 
see Myristica — a. Ovilli, Sevum — a. Papavere, 
hyoscyamo, et belladonna medicatus, Unguentum 

Adeps Pr^para'tus, A. Suillus Prcepara'tus, 
Hog's lard, Barrow's grease, Lard, Ax'unge, 
Axun'gia, Axun'gia porci'na, (F.) Graisse de 
Pore, Saindonx, Axonge, is prepared by melting 
pig's flare, and straining it. This is called ren- 
dering the lard. Lard is emollient, but is chiefly 
used for forming ointments and plasters. 

Adeps Suillus Pr^eparatus, Adeps Praepa- 
ratus — a. Sulfure et ammonia? muriate medicatus, 
Unguentum sulphuratum ad scabiem — a. Sulfure 
et carbonate potassae medicatus, Unguentum 
sulphuratum alcalinum ad scabiem — a. Tartaro 
sfcibii medicatus, Unguentum antimonii tartarizati 
— a. Oxido zinci medicatus, Unguentum oxidi 
zinci impuri. 

ADEPT, Alchvmist. 

ADEP'TA MEDICTXA. Medicine, which 
treated of diseases contracted by celestial opera- 
tions, or communicated from heaven. 

Adepta Philosopuia, Alchymy. 

ADERMOXERVIA, Dermataneuria. 

ADERMOTROPH'IA, from a, priv., Stppa, 
'skin,' and rpoiptj, 'nourishment.' Extenuation 
or atrophy of the skin. 

ADFLATUS, Afflatus. 

ADHyEREXTIA, Adherence. 

ADHiESIO, Adherence. 

ADHATO'DA, Justic"ia adhato'da. The Ma- 
labar Nut Tree. (F.) Noyer de Ceylon. Used 
in India for expelling the dead foetus in abortion. 
The word is said to convey this meaning in the 

ADHE'REXCE, Adhe'sion, Adhoeren'tia, Cm- 
cre'tio, Atre'sia, Pros'physis, Prosadle'sis, Ad- 
hoe' sio, from adhcerere, (ad and hcerere,) ' to stick 
to.' These words are usually employed synonym- 
ously. The French often use adherence for the 
state of union, and adhesion for the act of ad- 

ADHESIOX, Adherence. 

flammation which terminates by an adhesion 
between inflamed and separated surfaces, and 
which was, at one time, supposed to be necessary 
for such adhesion. 

Adhe'sive is also an epithet for certain plasters 
which stick closely to the skin. 

ADIAXTHUM, Adiantum. 

ADIAXTUM, A. pedatum. 

Adiantum yETHiop'icuM. A South African 
plant, Ord. Filices, an infusion of which is some- 
times used as an emollient in coughs, and in 
diseases of the chest. 

Adiantum Album, Asplenium ruta muraria — 
a. Aureum, Polytrichum. 

Adian'tum Capil'lus Ven'eris, A. Coriandri- 
fo'lium seu Nigrum, Capil'lus Ven'eris, from a, 
privative, and Siatvo), ' to grow wet,' from the 
leaves not being easily moistened. Maiden hair. 
(F.) Capillaire de Montpellier. A European 
plant, of feeble, aromatic and demulcent pro- 
perties. It is used for forming the Sirop de Ca- 
pillaire or Capillaire. 

Adiantum Coriandrifolium, A. Capillus Ve- 
neris — a. Xigrum, A. Capillus Veneris. 

Adian'tum Peda'tum, A. Canaden'se seu Pa- 
tens, Adiantum, Capil'lus Ven'eris Canaden'sis, 
Herba Ven'eris, Eilix Ven'eris, Canada Maiileu- 
hair, American Maidenhair, Rochfern, Siceetfern, 
(F.) Capillaire du Canada, has the same proper- 
ties. Capillaire was once made from this. See 

Adiantum RuBRUM,Asplenium trichomanoides. 

see Cataract. 

ADIAPHORO'SIS, Adiaphore'sis, from a, pri- 
vative, Sta, 'through,' and cpopog, 'a pore.' Defect 
or suppression of perspiration, Adiapnens'tia. 

ADIAPH'OROUS, Adiaph'orus, Indif'erens, 
Neutral. A medicine which will neither do harm 
nor good. 

ADIAPXEUSTIA, Adiaphorosis. 

ADIARRHOE'A, from a, privative, and liap- 
peiv, 'to flow.' Retention of any excretion. — 

ADIATH'ESIC, Adiathes'icus, from a, priva- 
tive, and StaSecris, 'diathesis.' In the system of 
controstimulism, adiathesic diseases are such as 
occur without any antecedent diathesis. 

A DICE, Urtica. 


ADIPEUX. Adipose. 

ADIPOCERA, Adipocire — a. Cetosa, Ceta- 

ADIPOCIRE, Adipoce'ra, from adeps, 'fat,' 
and cera, 'wax.' The base of biliary calculi, 
called also Chol'esterine. Also, a sort of soap, 
formed from animal matter under certain circum- 



stances. (F.) (Iran det Cadaeret, Grasd<» Clme- 
t;tre«. The human li<>dy, when it has been fo* 
some weeks in water, assumes this appearance; 
and it has been a subject of legal inquiry, what 
length of time is necessary to produce it. This 
must, "t* oourse, depend upon various circum- 
stances, a* climate, season, 4c 


AD'IPOSE, Ad'ipont. Adipo'tnt, from «./<;>*, 
'fat' (F.) Adipeux. That which relates to fat- 
as Adipote membrane, A. vettelt, Ac See Fatty. 

Ad'iposb Sabco'm A of A it' k i:\kthv. Empky'ma 
tarco'ma adipo'tum, is stietty throughout, and 
enclosed in a thin capsule ot condensed areolar 
substance, connected by means of minute vessels. 
It is chiefly found on the fore and l>;iek pasta of 
• 'ink. See Sarcoma. 

ADIPOSIS. See Polysarcia. 

Adipo'818 IIi.i- v r'lCAj Pimelo'tit seu tteato f tit 

sen malax' it htpafiea, //< /«»/• adipo'tum,, Fatty 

Fatty degeneration <>/ the liner, (F.) Digi- 

■<ce graitteute du Foie. Fatty disease of 

the liver. # 


ADIPOUS, F.tty'. 

AIM P'S I A, Dipto'tit expert. Absence of thirst. 

ADIPSON, AdTp'tutn, from a, privative, and 
it Ft. 'thir.-t.' Any BUbstance which relieves 
thirst. Applied to a decoction of barley to which 
owmel was added. — Hippocrates. 

ADIPSOS, Grlycyrrhisa. 

AD'ITUS. 'an entrance,' 'an approach;' from 
"litum, 'to go to.' Prus'udos. The en- 
trance to a canal or duct, as Aditut ad Aqxtaduc- 
tnm Fallopiu 

Aditdi a i) Infundibi'h m, Vulva. 

ADIULIS'TOS, from a, privative, and SivXtfa, 
' I .-train.' Unstrained wine for pharmaceutical 
purposes. — (iorrajus. 

ADJUNCT UM, Accompaniment. 

ADJUTOR PARTUS, Accoucheur. 
\I>'.Il \ ANT, Ad'juvant, from adjitvare, 'to 
aid.' A medicine, introduced into a prescription 
to aid the operation of the principal ingredient 
or basis. Also, whatever assists in the removal 
or prevention of disease. 

ADMIKICULE, Adminie'tdmm%f (ad and tna- 
vuf, 'a hand'). A prop, a support. Anything 
that aids the action of a remedy. 

ADKASCENTIA, Prosphysis. 

ADNATA (TUNICA.) Conjunctiva. 

A USEE MEMBRANE, | Conjunctiva. 

ADOLES'CENCE, Adoleeoen'tia, Jtoen'ta, Ju- 
te*' tat, Juven'tut, JEtat bona, Youth; from ado- 
leirere, (ad and olencere,) 'to grow.' (F.) Jeuit- 
iHxc-. The period between puberty and that at 
which the body acquires its full development; 
being, in man, between the 14th and 25th years; 
and. in woman, between the 12th and 21st. 

kDOLBS'CENS, Ju'venit, Hebc'ten, Hebe'ter, 
If- be'tor, Hypene'tet. A youth. A young man 
in the period of adolescence. 

ADO'LIA. A Malabar plant, whose leaves, 
put in oil, form a liniment, used in facilitating 

A I '<>I1. Zei mays. 

ADORION, Dancms carota. 

ADOU01SSANT, Demulcent 

AD P0NDU8 OMNIIM. The weight of the 
whole. In a prescription it means, that any 
particular ingredient shall equal in weight the 
whole of the others. 

ADRAOANT, Tragacantha. 

ADRAGANTHE, Tragacantha. 

ADR V RIZ \. Aristolochia clematitis. 

ADROBO'LON, from nip*, 'great.' and j3 w Ao?, 
'mass.' The bdellium of India, which is in larger 
pieces than that of Arabia. 

A I>ROS, aSpos, 'plump and full.' Applied to 
the habH of body, and also to the pulse. — Hippo- 

ADSABIA PALA. Dolichos pruriens. 

ADSPIRATTO, Aspiration, Inspiration. 

AD8T INS, Prostate. 


ADSTRICTIO, Astriction, Constipation. 

AD8TRICT0RIA, Astringents. 

ADSTRINGENTIA, Astringents, 

ADULAS'SO. The Juttitia bitalvit. A small 
shrill', used in India as a local application in gout. 

ADULT, see Adult age. 

Aim i.t Agk, Amdri'm, from adolencerc, 'to 
grow to,' [ad and olere, olitum, 'to grow.') 17- 
rifity, manhood. The age succeeding adoles- 
cence, and preceding old age. In the civil law, 
an adult is one, who, if a boy, has attained the 
age of fourteen years; and, if a girl, of twelve. 
In the common law, one of full age. AdtUt, 
Aduftnt, is also nsed for one in the adult age. 

ADULTERATIO, Falsification. 

ADULTU8, see Adult age. 

ADUNCATIO UNGUIUM, Onychogrvphosis. 

ADURENS, Caustic. 

ADURION, Rhus coriaria. 

ADUST, Adtu'tut, from adurere, [ad and 
urere,) 'to burn.' The blood and fluids were 
formerly said to be adust, when there was much 
heat in the constitution, and but little serum in 
the blood. 

ADUSTIO, Adustion, Burn. 

ADUS'TION, Adut'tio. State of the body 
described under Adust. In surgery, it signifies 


ADVENTITIUS, Accidental. . 

ADYNA'MIA, Impoten'tia ; from a. privative, 
and twa/xis, 'strength,' Adyna'tia, Adyna'tia. 
Considerable debility of the vital powers; as in 
typhus fever. Some Nosologists have a class of 
diseases under the name Adynamia, Ec'lyset, 
Morbi anthen'ici. 

Adynamia Virtus, Impotence. 

ADYNAM'IC, Adynam*ieut, Hypndynam'ic, 
Hypodynam'icut ; same etymon. Appertaining 
to debility of the vital powers. 

ADYNASIA, Adynamia. 

ADYNATIA. Adynamia. 



ADYNATOS, Sickly. 

JEDCEA, Genital Organs. 

jEDGS'AGRA, from aiSota, 'genital organs,' 
and aypa, ' seizure.' Gout in the genitals. 

JRDGSAG'RAPHY, JEdautgraph'ia, JEdot- 
og'rapky. from aiSota, 'organs of generation,' and 
yoa<l>u), 'I describe' A description of the organs 
of generation. 

X I »<E a I/OGY, JEdamlag"ia,AEdaeoPoay, from 
atiota, 'organs of generation,' and Aoyoj, 'a de- 
scription.' A treatise on the organs of generation. 

.EDGOAT'OMY, JSdceatom'ia, JEdotoUm'ia, 
^Edceot'omi, JEdatotfomy, from atiota. 'organs of 
generation,' and npvot, ' I cut.' Dissecti >n of the 
parts of generation. 

JMHEI'TIS, JSdmoti'tit, Medei'tit; from at- 
hoiii, 'organs of generation,' and Hit, denoting 
inflammation. Inflammation of the genital or- 

£D<EOBLENORRH(EA, Leacorrhma. 

JSDQSODYN'IA, from atiota, 'organs of gene- 
ration,' and town, 'pain.' Pain in the genitals. 

KIhKik;aRGALUS, Masturbation, Nympho- 

X I) (E Q A B G A R I 8 M U S, Masturbation, 




JEDCEOGRAPHY, ^Etloeagraphy. 

iEDCEOLOGY, .Edoealogy. 

iEDCEOMANIA, Nymphomania. 

iEDCEOMYCODERMI'TIS, from aiSoia, 'or- 
gans of generation,' fxvKog, ' mucus,' and Stppia, 
'skin.' Inflammation of the mucous membrane 
of the genital organs. 

^EDCEON, Inguen. 

aEIKEOPSOPHESIS, iEdceopsophia. 

jEDCEOPSOPH'IA, sEdwopsophe'sis, from ai- 
doia, ' organs of generation,' and -<\>o<pziv, ' to make 
a noise.' Emission of wind by the urethra in 
man, by the vagina in woman. — Sauvages and 

iErxEOPSOPHiA Uterina, Physometra. 

iEDCEOS'COPY, jEdveoscop'ia, from aitoia, 
'organs of generation,' and (jkokeiv, 'to view.' 
Exploration of the organs of generation. 

^DCEOTITIS, ^Edoeitis— 33. Gangrenosa, Col- 
pocace — ae. Gangraenosa puellarum, Colpocace 
infantilis — ae. Gangraenosa puerperarurn, Colpo- 
cace puerperarum. 

^EDffiOTOME, JEdceatomy. 

^DGEOTOMIA, .Edceatomy. 

JEDO30T0MY, iEdoeatomy. 

^EDOPTOSIS, Hysteroptosis — 33. Uteri, Pro- 
lapsus uteri — ae. Uteri inversa, Uterus, inversion 
of the — ae. Uteri retroversa, Retroversio uteri — 
33. Vaginae, Prolapsus V. — 83. Vesicae, Exocyste. 

^EEIG'LUCES, Aeig'luees, from sec, 'always,' 
and y/Wu?, ' sweet.' A kind of sweet wine or 
must. — Gorraeus. 

iEGAGROPI'LA, JEgagropi'lns, from aiyaypos, 
'the rock goat,' and rtAoj, 'hair,' Bezoar d'Alle- 
magne, Pila Dama'rnm seu Rupicapra'rum. A 
ball composed of hairs, found in the stomach of 
the goat: once used medicinally. 

JEGEIROS, Populus. 

iEGER, Sick. 

JE'GIAS, sEyis, jEgh'a, JE' gules, from ail-, 
oiyos, 'the goat;' why, is not known. (F.) Aige 
or Aigle. There is obscurity regarding the pre- 
cise meaning of this word. It was used to desig- 
nate an ulcer, or speck on the transparent cornea. 
— Hippocrates. 

Maitre Jean uses it for a calcareous deposit 
between the conjunctiva and sclerotica. 

JEGIDES, ^Egias. 

j53'GILOPS, An'chilops, An'Icylops, from a«£, 
aiyos, 'goat,' and u>ip, 'the eye.' An ulcer at the 
greater angle of the eye, which sometimes does 
not penetrate to the lachrymal sac, but at others 
does, and constitutes fistula lacrymalis. — Galen, 
Celsus. Oribasius, Aetius, Paulus of iEgina, &c. 

uEGI'RINON. An ointment of which the fruit 
or flower of the poplar was an ingredient; from 
aiyeipos, ' the black poplar.' 

JEGLIA, iEgias. 

JEGOCERAS, Trigonella fcenum. 

^IGOLETHRON. Ranunculus flammula. 

JEGONYCHON, Lithospermum ofiicinale. 

JEGOPHONIA, Egophony. 

.EGOPHONICUS, Egophonic. 


^EGRIPPA, Agrippa. 

JEGRITUDO, Disease— as. Ventriculi, Vomit- 

jEGROTATIO, Disease. 
^IGROTUS, Sick. 

iEGYP'TIA. An epithet for several medi- 
cines, mentioned by Galen, Paulus of ^Egina, 
and Myrepsus. 

iEGYPTiA Moschata, Hibiscus abelmoschus. 
JEgyp'tia Stypte'ria, Aiyvirrta GTv-TTipia, 
■^Egyptian alum. Recommended by Hippocrates. 

iEGYp'TiA Ul'cera ; ^Egyptian ulcers. Ulcers 
of the fauces and tonsils, described by Aretaeus, 
as common in Egypt and Syria. 

^GYPTIACUM, JEgyp'tion, Ifende'sion, Mel 
^Egyptiacum, Phar' macum JEgyptiacum. A pre- 
paration of vinegar, honey, and verdigris, scarcely 
used now, except by veterinary surgeons as a de- 
tergent. See Linimentum iEruginis. 

^EGYPTION, .Egyptiacum. 

AURES, Pharmacum ad aures. 

^EGYP'TIUS PESSUS: ^Egyptian pessary. 
A pessary, composed of honey, turpentine, butter, 
oil of lily or of rose, saffron, each one part; with 
sometimes a small quantity of verdigris. 


iEIPATHEIA, see Continent (Disease.) 

AEIPATHIA, see Continent (Disease.) 

^EMOPTOICA PASSIO, Haemoptysis. 

JENEA, Catheter. 

^EOLECTHYMA, Variola. 

^EOLLION, Varicella. 

iEOLLIUM, Varicella. 

iEON, aiwv. The entire age of a man from 
birth till death. — Hippocrates, Galen. Also, the 
spinal marrow. See Medulla Spinalis. 

^EONESIS, Fomentation. 

^EONION, Sedum. 

iEO'RA, from aiupzu, 'I suspend/ Gestation, 
swinging. — Aetius, Celsus, &c. 

.EQUALIS, Equal. 

^EQUA'TOR OC'ULI. The line formed by the 
union of the upper and under eyelid, when they 
are closed. It is below the middle of the globe. 

.EQUIVOCUS, Equivocal. 

AER, Air. 


AERATUS, Carbonated. 

AERENDOCAR'DIA, (F.) Airendocardie, 
from atjp, 'air/ and endocardium. Presence of 
air in the endocardium or lining membrane of the 
heart. — Piorry. 

AERE, Carbonated. 


^REOLUM, JEreolns, Ohalcus. The sixth 
part of an obolus by weight, consequently about 
2 grains. 

iE'RESIS, aipean, 'the removal of any thing/ 
A suffix denoting a removal or separation, as 
Aphceresis, Diceresis, &c. 

AERETHMIE, Emphysema. 

of the Lungs. 

AERGIA, Torpor. 

AERH^MATOX'IA, (F.) AevMmatorie j 
from arjp, ' air/ aifta, ' blood/ and to^ikov, ' poison.' 
Poisoning by the reception of air into the blood- 

AERIF'EROUS, Aerifer, (F.) Airifh-e, from 
aer, 'air/ and ferre, 'to carry/ An epithet for 
tubes which convey air, as the larynx, trachea, 
and bronchia. 

AERIFLUX'US. The discharge of gas, and 
the fetid emanations from the sick. Flatulence. 
— Sauvages. 


AERODIAPH'THORA, from a V p, 'air,' and 
hiicpdopa, 'corruption/ A corrupt state of the air. 


AEROHYDROP'ATHY. Aerohydropathi'a, 
from anp, 'air/ vSwp, 'water/ and xaSos, 'affec- 
tion/ A mode of treating disease, in which air 
and water are the chief agents employed. 

AEROL'OGY; Aerolog"ia, Aerolog"ice, from 
arjp, 'air/ and \oyo$, 'a description.' That part 
of physics which treats of the air, its qualities, 
uses, and action on the animal economy. 

AEROMAN'CY, Aeromanti'a, from anp, 'air/ 
and iiavreia, 'divination.' An art in judicial as- 




trolngy, which consists in the foretelling, bv 
uf the air, or substances found iu the at- 

AEROMELI, Fraxinus ornus. 

ASROpArITONIE, ie« Tympanites. 

AKROPHOB'IA, from atjo. 'air,' and <po(ioi, 
' fear.' Dread of the air. This symptom often 
accompanies hydrophobia, aud sometimes hyste- 
ria and other affections. 

AEROPHOB'IQUS, Airopk'obue; same ety- 
mon. One affected with aerophobia. 

AEROPHOBUS, Aeropbobicns, 
ROPHTHORA, Aerodiaphthora, 

AEROPLEURIE, Pneumothorax. 

A&ROPNEUMONASIE, see Emphysema of 
the Lungs. 

sema of the Langs. 

AERORA'CHIA, from arjp, 'air,' and pa%is, 
'spine.' Aeeumulation of air in the spine. 

AEROSI8, Pneumatosis, Tympanites. 

AEROTUORAX, Pneumothorax. 

JSRUCA, Cupri subacetas. 

- Q'G IN OU S, JSrvatno'eue, Io'des, from 
mrngo, 'verdigris.' (P.) Engine**. Resem- 
bling rerdigris in colour; as the bile when dis- 
charged at times from the Btomaeh. 

.EKU'GO, ioi, from azs, 'copper.' The rust 
of any metal, properly of brass. See Cupri Suba- 

JSrugo Ferri, Ferri subcarbonas — ae. Plumbi, 
Plumi)i Babearbonae. 

JSS, Cuprum. 

1 1 < >S, UJ tr^o5. Deformity of the body gene- 
rallv. or of some part. — Hippocrates. 

1 food,' [ ?] Casta' nea equi'na, Pavi'nm, Horse- 
eheetnut, Buck-eye. (F.j M&rronier ou Marron- 
fiier a" hide. Ord. Hippocastaneae. Sex. Syst. 
Heptandria Monogynia. The bark has been 
advised as a substitute for cinchona. Both bark 
and fruit are astringent. Externally, it has been 
employed, like cinchona, in gangrene. 

JgSECAVUM, Brass. 

Estates, Epheiides. 

.ESTIIE'MA, uioOntta, aioQnparos, 'a sensa- 
tion, a perception.' See Sensation and Sensi- 
bility. In the plural, atthe'mata, the apparatuses 
of the sensea 

M ST HE M A T L'OGY, JBsthematol»g"ia ,■ 
from uioOnpa, aiadrjparoi and \oyos, ' a discourse.' 
The doctrine of, or a treati-e on, the senses, or 
on the apparatus of the sens''.-. 

JSSTHEM AT OX l"S r, JSethematorganouu'H, 
from aioQiifta, atadiiftarus, and vovaoi, 'diseases.' 
-■•< affecting sensation. 
I'll E M A TUKG A X ONUS I, iEsthe- 

JSSTHESIOG'RAPHY, JSutheeiagra'pkia, 

from <u(j$r)(rts, ' perception, sensation,' and ypa<pn, 
• ,i description.' A description of the sensorial 

iE S T II E S 1 I/O G Y, . E»theeiolog"ia t from 

aiaStuLi, 'perception, sensation,' and Aoyoj, 'a 

<i - u-'.' The doctrine of, or a treatise on, 

sensation or tin- senses. 

JSSTHE'SIS, Aisthc'sis, from aioSavopai, 'I 

feel.' The faculty of being affected by a sensa- 
tion. Perception. Sensibility, as well as the 
senses themselves. See Sense. 
- rHETERION, Sensorium. 
.EST HE T'ICA, from aiaQuvopai, ' I feel.' Dis- 
affecting the sensations. Dulnesa, depra- 
vation or abolition of one or more of the external 
organs of sense. The 2d order, class Neurotica, 
of Good. Also, agents that affect sensation. — 

.estives. EstSvaL 


j;> II A 1TO, Ardor, Ebullition, Fermentation. 

^ISTUS, Ardor. 

yEsTts Volat'icus. Sudden heat, scorching 
or Bashing of the face. — Vogel, 

.'ETAS, Age — SB. Bona, AdolescenOC — x. De- 
er. ■pita, Decrepitude — BB. Mala, Senectus — a;. 
Provecta, Senectus — ae. Senilis, Senectus. 

jETIIER, Ether, from aiStjp, ' air,' or from aiSu, 
' I burn.' Naphtha. Liquor tBthe'reue, A vola- 
tile liquor obtained by distillation from a mix- 
ture of alcohol and a concentrated aeid. See 
JSther Bulphuricus, and Ether. 

^Etheii Ackticus, see iEther Sulphuricus — ae. 
Chloricus, Chloroform, Ether, chloric. 

JETHBB HyDRIOD'ICUS, Hydriod'ic or Iodhy'- 
drie Ether, Iodide of Ethyle. (F.) Ether iodhy. 
drique: obtained by mixing alcohol, parts v.; 
iodine, parts x. ; and phosphorite, one part, and 
distilling. It is used for iodine inhalation. 

./Ether Hydrochloricus; JSther muriatiens. 

tEthkr HvnHocvAN'ict s, JS. Prue'efcue, Hy- 
drocyan'ic or Pruxsic Ether, Jlydrory'anate. of 
Eth' trine, Cyan'uret of Eth'yfr, (F.) Ether Hydro- 
cyauique, has been advised in hooping-cough, 
and where the hydrocyanic acid is indicated. 
Dose, 6 drops. 

iETHER Lignosus, Acetone — ae. Ifartialis, 
Tinctura seu Alcohol eulfurico-aetbereua ferri. 

JEther Muriat'icus, JE. Bydroohlo'riciu, Mu~ 
riat'ic, Chlorohy'dric or Marine Ether, Mu'riate 
of Ether ine, Chloride of Ethyle. This ether, on 
account of its volatility, can only be kept in cool 
places. It has the properties of the other ethers, 
and when used is generally mixed with an equal 
bulk of alcohol. It has been employed as an 

A Chlorinated Chlorohydric Ether, (F.) Ether 
Chlorhydrique More, formed by the action of 
Chlorine on Chlorohydric Ether, has been intro- 
duced into practice as a local anaesthetic. 

./Ether Moriaticus Alcoholicds, Spiritns 
aetheris muriaticus — ae. Nitricus, see JSther Sul- 
phuricus — a>. Nitricus Alcoolisatus, Spiritus 
aetheris nitrici — ae. Pyro-aceticus, Acetone — 83. 
Nitrosue, see ./Ether sulphuricus. 

jEther Sdlphd'ricds, JSther (Ph. U. S.), JE. 
Vitriol' 'iciiH, Naphtha Vitriol! seu Sulphu' riea, 
O'leum ritriole dnlcc, Slll'phuric Ether. (F.) 
Ether, Ether sulfuric ue, vitriolinue ou hydrati- 
que. Ether prepared from sulphuric acid and 

Rectified Ether, JSther recti fica'tus, prepared 
by distilling 12 oz. from a mixture of sulphuric 
ether, fjxiv, fused potass, ^ss. and distilled 
water, f^ij, is a limpid, colourless, very inflam- 
mable, volatile liquor; of a penetrating and fra- 
grant odour, and hut pungent taste. Its s. g. is 

JSther Sulphuricus, Sulphuric Ether of the 
Pharmacopoeia of the United Slates (1S42), 
JSther of that of 1851, is formed from alcohol, 
Oiv ; sulphuric acid, < )j ; pataaea, Jvj ; disputed 
water, fziij j distilling and redistilling according 
to the process there laid down. The specific gra- 
vity of this ether is 0.750. 

It is a diffusible stimulant, narcotic and anti- 
spasmodic, and is externally refrigerant. Dose, 
gtt. xxx to f/)i-s. When ether is inhaled, it is 
found to be a valuable anaesthetic agent I and is 
employed with advantage in spasmodic affections, 
and in surgical operations. See Anesthetic 

The Parisian Codex has an JSther ace'ticus, 
Naphtha Ace'ti, (F.) Ether acelique ; an JSther 
muria'ticux sell hyd rocli/o' riCHS, (V.) Ether e/ilnr- 

hydriquej an JSther ni'tricua seu nitru'eus, (F.) 




Ether nitrique ou nitreux ou azoteux ; and an 
uEther ph»*phora'tu8. They all possess similar 
virtues. See Anaesthetic. 

JEther Sulphuricus Acidus, Elixir acidum 
Hiilleri — ve. Sulphuricus cum alcohole, Spiritus 
uotheris sulphurici — a?. Sulphuricus cum alcohole 
aromaticus, Spiritus aetheris aromaticus. 

Mthkr Terebjxthina'tus, Terebinth' incited 
ether, made by mixing gradually two pounds of 
alcohol, and half a pound of spirit of turpentine, 
■with two pounds of concentrated nitric acid, and 
distilling one-half the mixture with a gentle heat. 
Employed externally and internally in biliary 
calculi, rheumatism, &e. Dose 20 to 40 drops, 
in honey or yolk of egg. 

^THEREA HERBA, Eryngium maritimum. 

iETHE'REAL, jEthe'reus, Ethe'real, Ethe' - 
reous, (F.) Etheree. An ethereal tincture, (F.) 
Teinture etheree, is one formed by the action of 
sulphuric ether, at the ordinary temperature, on 
medicinal substances. An ethereal oil is a vola- 
tile oil. See Olea Volatilia. 

iETHERISMUS, Etherism. 

JETHERISATIO, Etherization. 


roletiui, 'a volatile oil.' Remedies, whose pro- 
perties are dependent upon the volatile oil they 

JETHEROLEA, Olea volatilia. 

iETHIOP'ICUS LAPIS, Ethiopian stone. A 
stone formerly supposed to be possessed of con- 
siderable virtue. — Oribasius. 

JETHIOPIFICA'TIO, JEthiopopoe'sis, JZthi- 
opis'mus, ^Ethiopio'sis, from JEthiopa, ah'cl facere, 
'to make.' The mummy-like colouring of the 
skin, induced at times by the use of mercurial 
ointment: and seen in bodies poisoned by arsenic. 

^ETHIOPIOSIS, iEthiopificatio. 

jETHIOPIS, Salvia selarea. 

JETHIOPISMUS, iEthiopificatio. 

^ETHIOPOPOESIS, JEthiopificatio. 

iE'THIOPS, from at$u, 'I burn,' and w^, 
' countenance.' A black or burnt countenance. 
The ancients gave this name to certain oxides 
and sulphurets of metals, which were of a black 

JEthiops Albus, Albino — se. Alcalisatus, Hy- 
drargyrum cum creta — 03. Animal, see Choroid. 

^Ethiops Martia'lis, Mar'tial Ethiops, Ferri 
Deutox'ydum nigrum. The black deutoxide of 
iron : once in repute as a tonic. See Oxydum 
Ferri nigrum. 

^Ethiops Minkralis, Hydrargyri sulphuretum 
nigrum — aa. Narcoticus, Hydrargyri sulphuretum 
nigrum — se. per se, Hydragyri oxydum cinereum 
— ae. Saccharatus, Hydrargyrum saccharatuin — 
33. Vegetabilis, see Fucus vesiculosus. 

iETHOL'ICES, from a t $«>, 'I burn/ Fiery 
pustules on the skin. Some have considered 
them to have been boils. 

iETHUSA AMMI, Sison ammi. 

yEthu'sa Cyna'piUM, Fool's Parsley, (F.)Fanx 
Persil, Petite Cigne. Family, Urabelliferae. Sex. 
Syst. Pentandria Digynia. A poisonous plant, 
which has been mistaken for true parslej', pro- 
ducing nausea, vomiting, headache, giddiness, 
sopor, and at times, fatal results. It resembles 
conium in its action. 

iErHti'sA Meum, Meum, 31. Athaman'ticum, 
seu Anethifo'lium, At human' ta Meum, Ligns'ticnm 
Capi/la'cenm seu Meum, Ses'eli Meum, Men, Spig- 
nel, Baldmoney. (F.) Ethuse, Meum. The root has 
been advised as carminative, stomachic, &o. 

iETTOL'OGY, JEtiolog"ia, Etiol'ogy, Aitio- 
7ug"i>t, from airta, 'cause,' and Aoyoj, 'a dis- 
course.' The doctrine of the causes of disease. 

JETI'TES, or AETITES, from acros, 'an 
eagle.' Eagle-stone, Pierre d'Aigle, Hydrate de 
tritoxide de fer. This stone was formerly sup- 
posed to facilitate delivery, if bound on tiie thigh ; 
and to prevent abortion, if bound on the arm. 
It was also called Lapis Collymus. 

iETOI, or AETOI PHLEBES, Temporal veins. 

JETOLION, Cnidia grana. 

AFFADIL, Narcissus pseudo-narcissus. 

AFFADISSEMENT, (F.) horn fade, 'insipid.' 
That condition of the digestive function in which 
the appetite is diminished, the sense of taste 
blunted, and the action of the stomach enfeebled ; 
a state usually accompanied by general languor. 


AFFAIRES. Menses. 


AFFECTIO, Affection— a. Arthritica Cordis, 
Cardiagra — a. Hypochondriacs, Hypochondriasis 
— a. Hysterica, Hysteria — a. Sarmatica, Plica — 
a. Tympanitica, Tympanites. 

AFFECTION, Affec'tio, from officio or Hec- 
tare (ad and facere,) 'to move or influence.' 
Any mode in which the mind or body is aflected 
or modified. 

a. Vaporeuie, Hypochondriasis. 

AFFECTIONES ANIMI, Affections of the 

Passio'nes seu Affectio'ties seu Uonqnasxatio' ties 
seu Confusio'nes seu Turbatio'nes seu PertHrba- 
tio'nes an'imi, (F.) Affections de I'ume include not 
only the different passions, as love, hatred, jea- 
lousy, <fec, but every condition of the mind that 
is accompanied by an agreeable or disagreeable 
feeling, as pleasure, fear, sorrow, &c. 

In Pathology, Affection, Pathos, Pathe'ma. is 
synonymous with disease: thus we speak of a 
pulmonary affection, a calculous affection, Ac. 

AFFECTIONS DE L'AME. Affections of 
the mind. 

AFFECTIVE. That which affects, touches, &c. 
Gall gives the term affective faculties, (F.) Factd- 
tes affectives, to functions dependent upon the 
organization of the brain, comprising the senti- 
ments, affections, <fcc. 

AFFECTUS, Passion — a. Faucium pestilens, 
Cynanche maligna — a. Hyderodes, Hydrops — a. 
Spasmodico-convulsivus labiorum, Neuralgia fa- 

AF'FERENT, Af'ferens, Centrip'etal, Esod'ic, 
from affero, (ad and fero, 'to carry,') 'I bring.' 
Conveying inwards, as from the periphery to the 
centre. The vessels which convey the lymph or 
chyle to the lymphatic glands, are called afferent, 
vasa afferen'tia seu inferen'tia. Also, nerves 
that convey impressions towards the nervous 
centres — nervi entobcenon'tes. 

AF'FION, Aff'ium, Off urn. Opium. The 
Bantamese thus designate an electuary of which 
opium is the basis, and which they use as an ex- 

AFFLA'TUS, Adfla'tus, Epipnoi'a, from ad, 
'to,' andy?«»re, 'to blow.' Any air that strikes 
the body and produces disease. 

AF'FLUENCE, Afflux, from ajfluere, (oc/and 
fluere, ' to flow,') ' to flow to.' A flow or deter- 
mination of humours, and particularly of blood, 
towards anv part. 

AFFLUXUS. Fluxion. 

AFFRODILE, Narcissus pseudo-narcissus. 

AFFUSIO, Affusion— a. Frigida, see Affusion 
— a. Orbicularis, Placenta. 

AFFU'SION, Affu'sio, Pros' chysis, Epich'ysis, 
from ad, ' to,' and fundere, fnsum, ' to pour.' The 
action of pouring a liquid on any body. Affu- 
sions, Rhyptolu'sia, cold and warm, are used in 




different disease?. The old affusion, Affu'sio II 
seu Perfu'sio frig" i<la, is said to have been b en e 
ficial in cutting short typhus fever ami scarlatina, 
ii used during the first days. It consists in pla- 
cing the patient in a tab, and pouring cold water 
over him : then wiping him dry, and putting him 
to bed. The only precaution necessary is, to use 
it in the state of greatest heat and exacerbation ; 
not when chilliness, or topical inflammation, is | 

A II I'M, Opium. 

AFTER-BIRTH, Seeundines. 

AFTER-PAINS, See Pains, labour. 

AGACEMENT) (F.) from ani^iv, ' to sharpen.' 
The aetting «>n edge. 

Ad. I ( 'EM EX T PES DEN TS. A disagree- 
able senaation experienced wlien acids are placed 
in contact with the teeth. Tooth-edge. Setting 
the teeth on edge. 

AQACEMENT PES XEEFS. A slight irri- 
tation of the system, and particularly of the 
organs of sense and locomotion, corresponding 
nearly to the Bnglisb fidget*, 

AGA II, Intermittent Fever. 

AGALACTATJO, Agalactia. 

AGALACTIA, AgalaSia, Agalactia, Agalac- 
ta'tio, uefee'ttu lat'tis, (Jfigaga'lia, Oligogalac- 
tia, from •, privative, and yaXa, 'milk.' Absence 
of milk in the mamma). 

AGALAXIA. Agalactia. 

AGAL'LOCIIUM, from ayaWu, ' I decorate,' 
Calambac, Calambouk, Lig'num Agal'lochi peri 
seu Al'o'es seu Atpal'athi, XyloUloit, Aloes icood. 
A resinous and very aromatic wood of the East 
Indies, from Erc&ea'ria Agal'locha, Cynome'tra 
Agnl'lochum, Aloix'jflou AgaPlochum. Used in 
making pastils, «tc. — Dioscorides, Oribasius, 

AGAMOUS, See Cryptogamous. 

AG'ARIC, Agar'icum, Agar'icus. A genus of 
plants in the Linnaean system, some of which are 
edible, others poisonous. It is supposed to have 
SO called from Agaria, a region of Sarmatia. 
— Dioseorides. Among the edible varieties of the 
Boletus, the following are the chief: — 1. The 
Agar 1 irnn edn'lis seu Arren'sis seu Sylvat'icus 
seu Cam pea' triti, (F.) Agaric comestible et cham- 
pignon de couehe, 2. The Agar' ieua odorei'tue, 
i P. MnusxrroH. The most common poisonous 
varieties are the Agar'icus neea'tor, (F.) Agaric 
turn, -trier j and, 2. The Agaricus acris, (F.) Aga- 
ric acre ; besides the Aurauite, a sub-genus, 
which includes several species. One of the most 
delicate is the Agaricus Aurantiacus, but care 
must be taken not to confound it with the A. 
Ph udo-<turo)itincH», which is very poisonous. 
The A. aurantiacus is called, in French, Orange. 
See Poisons, Table of. 

Agaric, see Boletus igniarius — a. Amadouvier, 
Boletai laricis — a. Wane, Boletus laricis — a. de 
Chine, BolettM igniarini — a. Female, Boletus ig- 
niarius — a. of the Oak, Boletus igniarius — a. 
Odmant, Daedalea suaveolens — a. White, Boletus 
lar'n is. 

AGARICtJM, Boletus igniarius. 

AGARICUS, Boletus igniarius — a. Albus, Bo- 
letus laricis — a. Arvensis, see Agaric — a. Auran- 
tiacus, Amanita', Bolites — a. Auriculaeforma, 
Pe/i/a auricula — a. Campestris, sec Agaric — a. 
Chirurgoram, Boletus igniarius — a. Igniarius, 
Boletai igniarini — a. Laricis, Boletus laricis — 
a. Pseudo-aarantiaens, Amanitas — a. Quercus, 
Boletai igniarini — a. Svhaticus, see Agaric. 

AGARIPIED, See Feverish. 

A I i AST R< i \ E R'V I A, ( F. ) Agaetronervie, from 
a. privative, yawn/fa 'stomach,' and vcvfjov, 'nerve.' | 
Want of nervous action in the stomach. 

AG ASYLLI8G ALU \MM.Bubon galbanum. 

AGATHLS DAMARRA, Piuus damarra. 


AGATH0TB8 CIIIRAYITA, Gentiana chi- 


AG A'VE AMERICA'NA, A. Iiamo'aa, Ameri- 
can Agave, American aloe, Magnry, from ayavos, 
'admirable.' Mat, Ord. Bromeliacea*. 8ex. 8y*t. 
Hexandria Mcnogynia. This plant has been 
considered diuretic and antisyphilitic. The fa- 
vourite drink of the Mexicans — Pulque — is the 
fermented juice of this plant 

Agavk Ramosa, A. Americana. 

Agave Virgin'ica, Rattlesnake's master, False 
aloe, — grows in the Southern States. The root 
is very bitter. It has been used in tincture as a 
carminative in colic; and as a remedy for bites 
of serpents. 

AGE, 'rjXtKia, Heli'hia, sEtas ; — Of uncertain 
etymon. Period of life. Time that has elapsed 
since birth, <fcc. Five ages are often designated 
in the life of man : 1. First infancy (/u/an'tia ;) 
2. Second infancy (Fueri"tia y) 3. Adolescence 
( Adolt -sceu'tia ;) 4. The adult age (Viril'itae ;) 
5. Old age, (Old Eng.) Elth, (Scucc'tus.) 

AGENEIOS, Imberbis. 

AGEN'ESIS, from a, privative, and ytvtais, 
'generation,' (P.) Agentme, Imperfect develop- 
ment of any part of the body ; as cerebral age- 
nesis, i. e. imperfect development of the brain in 
the foetus. See Monster. 

AGENNESIA, Impotence, Sterilitas. 

AGENNESIS, Impotence. 

AUENOSO'MUS, from a, privative, yewaw, 
' I generate,' and owfxa, ' body.' A malformation 
in which the fissure and eventration are chiefly 
in the lower part of the abdomen ; the urinary or 
sexual apparatus absent, or very rudimentary. 

AGENT, Agens, from agere, 'to act.' Any 
power which produces, or tends to produce, au 
effect on the human body. Morbific agents, (F.) 
Agens morbijiques, are the causes of disease ; — 
therapeutical agents, (F.) Agens therapeutiques, 
the nieans of treating it. 


AGERA'SIA, Insotescen'tia, from a, privative, 
and ynfjaf, ' old age.' A vigorous and green old 

AGERATUM, Achillea ageratum— a. Altissi- 
mum, Eupatorium ageratoides. 

AGE'RATUS LAPIS, AyvpaTos. A stone 
used by cobblers to polish shoes. It was for. 
merly esteemed discutient and astringent. — Ga- 
len, Oribasius, Paulus. 

AGES, Palm. 

AGEUSIA, Ageustia. 

AGEUS'TIA, Aghens'tia, Ageusia, ApogeuS- 
tia, Apogeu'sis, Dysasthe'sia gnstato' ria,Anctsthe' - 
sia gus/ato'ria, J'a ragcu'sis, from a, priv., and 
yevaii, ' taste.' Diminution or loss of taste, 
Ana-sthe 'sia Ungues. — Sauvages, Cullen. 

AGGLOM'ERATE, Agg/omeru'tus, from ag- 
glomerare, (ad and glomerarc, ' to wind up yarn 
in a ball,') 'to collect together.' Applied to tu- 
mours or glands in aggregation. 

AGGLU'TINANT, Agglu'tinans, ColUt'fce*, 
Glu'tinans, from gluten, 'glue,' (F.) Agglutinuut . 
Agg/utinatif, (jluti)iatif, Collitique. Remedies 
were formerly so called, which were considered 
capable of uniting divided parts. — Paulus. 

Plasters are called agglutinants, (P.J aggltiti- 
notifx, which adhere strongly to the skin. Cer- 
tain bandages are likewise so termed ; (F.) Fun- 
del ettes agglutinative*, 

TO AGGLUTINATE. The French use the 
word ngg/utiuer in the sense of 'to reunite;' as 
agglutinin l<* leeres d'une jtlaie, 'to reunite the 
lips of a wound.' 

AGGL UTINA TIF, Agglutinant. 




AGGLUTINATION, Colic' sis, Epicolle'sis, 
Proscolle'sis, Glutina'tio, from agglutinare, ' to 
glue together.' The first degree of adhesion. 
Also, the action of agglutinants. 
AGGLUTIXER, To agglutinate. 

AG'GREGATE, Aggrega'tns, from aggregare, 
[ ad and gregare,) ' to flock together,' 'to assemble 
together.' Glands are called aggregate which are 
in clusters. See Peyeri Glandulae. Aggregate 
]jills, (F.J Pilules ag negatives, signified, formerly, 
those which were believed to contain the proper- 
ties of a considerable number of medicines, and 
to be able to supply their place. 

AGHEUSTIA, Ageustia. 

A GHOUL. Agul. 

HA'LID. An Egyptian and Ethiopian shrub, 
similar to Ximenia. The Ethiopians use it as a 
vermifuge. The fruit is purgative. 

AGIHALTD, Agiahalid. 

AGISSAXT, Active. 

AGITATION, Agita'tio, Done' sis, from agere, 
'to act.' Constant and fatiguing motion of the 
body, Tyrbe, Tyrba'sia, In'qnies, — or distressing 
mental inquietude, — An'imi Agita'tio. 

AGITATORIUS, Convulsive. 

AGLOS'SIA, from a, privative, and yXcoo-tra, 
1 the tongue.' A malformation, which consists 
in the want of a tongue. 

AGLOSSOS'TOMA, from Aglossia, and arojia, 
'mouth.' A mouth without a tongue. 

gra'phia, from a, priv., yXwaca, 'the tongue,' 
cTo/xa, 'the mouth,' and ypaQw, 'I describe.' 
Description of a mouth without a tongue. — Ro- 
land, (of Saumur.) 

AGLUTI'TION, AgluW'tio, from a, priv., and 
glutire, ' to swallow.' A hybrid term, designa- 
ting impossibility of swallowing. — LinnEeus. 

AGMA, Fracture. 

AGMAT0L0G"IA, from ay/ia, ay/iaTog, frac- 
ture, and \oyog, 'a description.' The doctrine 
of fractures. A treatise on fractures. 

AGME, Fractures. 

of the fingers. — a. Membrana, Amnios. 

AGMINATED GLANDS, Peyer's glands. 

AGNAIL. Hangnail. 

AGNA'THIA, from a, priv., and yvados, 'jaw.' 
A malformation, which consists in the want of 
the jaw, especially of the lower. 


AGNOI'A, Agnce'a, from a, priv., and ytvuxTHU), 
' I know.' State of a patient who does not recog- 
nise individuals. — Hippocrates, Galen, Foe'sius. 


AGO'GE, ayuyT}. The order or condition of a 
disease. — Hippoc, Galen. Likewise the state of 
the air. — Hippoc, Galen, Gorraeus, Foe'sius. 

AGOGUE, ayuyos, ' a leader,' from aym, ' I lead 
or expel.' Hence Cholagogue, an expeller of bile ; 
Hydragogue, &c. 

AGOMPHI'ASIS, Agomplo'sis, from a, priva- 
tive, and yofupou), 'I nail.' Looseness of the 
teeth. — Gorraeus. See Gomphiasis. 

AGOMPHOSIS, Agomphiasis. 

AGON, Agony. 

AGONE. Hj'oscvamus. 

AGONIA, Sterilitas. 

AGON ISM A, Agony. 

AGON ISM US, Agony. 


ayuiv, 'a combat.' The 

part of ancient gymnastics, which had reference 
to the combats of the Athletae. 

Also, very cold water, given internally to calm 
febrile heat. — Paulus of JEgina. 

AGONIZANS. Psychorages. 

AG ON OS, Sterile. 

AG'ONY, Agon'ia, Agon, Agonis' ma, Agonis' - 
I mue, Mockthma, Mogne, Psychorag" ia, Pxycltor- 
!| rhag"ia, Anyor, Throe, Throw, (Sis.) Patient of 
death, from aymv, 'a combat.' The la>t struggle 
of life. — Galen, Gorraeus, &c. The agony, which 
is of longer or shorter duration, is characterized 
by great change in the features, gradual abolition 
of sensation and motion, loss of voice, dryness or 
lividity of the tongue and lips, rattling in the 
throat, small and intermittent pulse, and coldness 
of the extremities. This state is not present in 
those who die suddenly. See Facies Hippo- 

AGOS'TUS, from ayu, ' I lead.' The fore arm 
from the elbow to the fingers. Also, the palm of 
the hand. — Gorraeus. See Palm. 

AGRA, aypa, from aypeu), ' I seize hold of.' A 
seizure, as Odoutagra, a tooth seizure, toothache; 
Chiragra, Podagra, &c. 

AGRAFE DE VALENTIN. A kind of for- 
ceps with parallel branches, employed* by Valen- 
tin in the operation for hare lip, to effect the 
approximation of the edges of the wound. 
AGRAHALID, Agiahalid. 

AGREMIE, from agrie, 'gout/ (Piorry,) and 
aifia, 'blood.' The altered condition of the blood 
in gout. — Piorry. 

AGRIA, Herpes exedens, Lichen agrius. 
AGRIAMPELOS, Bryonia alba. 
AGRICOCCIMELEA, Prunus Spinosa. 
AGRIE, Gout. 

AGRIFOLIUM, Ilex aquifolium. 
AGRIMONIA, Agrimony — a. Eupatoria, 
Agrimony — a. Odorata, Agrimony — a. Officina- 
lis, Agrimony. 

Agrimonia Paryiflo'ra, Small- flow 1 'ered or 
Siceet-seented Agrimony ; indigenous; has simi- 
lar properties to A. Eupatoria. See Agrimony. 

AG'RIMONY, Agrimo'nia, A. Eupato'ria seu 
odora'ta seu officinalis, Caf'al, Lap'pvla hepat'- 
ica, Cockle-bur, Stielacort. (F.) Aigremmne. Ord. 
Rosaceae. Sex. Syst. Icosandria Digynia. A 
mild astringent and stomachic. Dose, in powder, 
from gj to gj. 

Agrimony, Hemp, Eupatorium cannabinum — 
a. Small-flowered, Agrimonia parviflora — a. 
Sweet-scented, Agrimonia parviflora. 

AGRIOCASTANUM, Bunium bulbocastanum, 
Lycoperdon tuber. 

AGRIOCINARA, Sempervivum tectorum. 
AGRIORIGANUM. Origanum majorana. 
AGRIOSELINUM, Smvrnum olusatrum. 
AGRIOTHYM'IA, from aypiog, 'ferocious,' 
and Svfios, 'disposition.' Ferocious insanity. — 

AGRIPALMA GALLIS, Leonurus cardiaca. 
AGRIP'PA, jEgrip/pja, from ager partus, 
'difficult birth:' or perhaps from aypa, 'taking 
or seizure,' and wovs, 'the foot.' This term has 
been given to those born by the feet. It is pre- 
tended that the family of Agrippa obtained their 
name from this circumstance. Parturition, where 
the feet present, is called Agrippa partus, Agrip- 
pi'nus partus. 

AGRO DI CEDRO. see Citrus medica. 

AGROSTEMMA GITHAGO, Lychnis githago. 
AGROSTIS, Bryonia alba — a. Yerticillata, 
Andropogon muricatus. 

AGRUNA, Prunus spinosa. 
AGRYPNIA. Insomnia. 
AGRYPNOCOMA, Coma vigil. 
AGRYPNO'DES, from aypv-voc, 'sleepless/ 
Characterized by sleeplessness. ;is Febria Ayryp- 
nodeSf a fever accompanied with sleeplessness. 




AORYPXOTICUS, Anthypnotic. 

AQR1 P'Nl'S. ayov-vos. Sleepless, vigilant. 
( A DE VERUGA, see Verug 

AGUARDIENTE, Brandy. Bee also Spirit. 

A'<' I i*. tr.m Hothle, agie, ' trembling.' (?) In- 
tennitif ut fever ; often need in the same sense 
m ehill or rigor. 

Aei i tun l*i \i:u. Intermittent ferer. 

Aaoa, Br >w, Neuralgia frontalis. 

A ■ . t K CAKB, /'/'(' ■„(,,/, hri'li* Ben tpWnica, 
Phynco'niii tple'nicn, Spleui* Tumor; (F.) G&- 

team fibrile. A visceral obstruction — generally 
in Ike spleen — which follows agues, end is dis- 
tinctly fell by externa] examination. To a 
greater or less degree, it u not uncommon. 

Ai;i k, Dbad, see Ferer, masked. 

Drop, Ta8tblbsb, Liquor arsenicalia. 

A&UB, Di mil see Fever, masked — a. Face, 
"Neuralgia, facial. 

Ai;i k, Fin :b, Laarua sassafras. 

. Lbapibo, see Leaping ague — a. Quar- 
tan, Quartan — a. Tertian, Tertian lever. 

Am ■ Ti'.i.k. Laurua sassafras. 

AODB, THIRO-DAY, Tertian. 

Ague Wbbd, Enpatorium perfoliatnm. 

AGU'IOS, from a, priv., and yviov, 'limb.' 
Mutilated nr wanting limbs. — llippucr. Weak, 
feeble. — Galen. 

AG ILL, Aghoul, Alka'gi, the Hediea'rum seu 
''rum alhagi. A thorny shrub of Persia 
and Mesopotamia, which affords manna. The 
leaves arc purgative. 

AGYK'lAS. from ayvpts. 'a collection.' Opa- 
city of the crystalline. — Ai'tius, Pare. 

AGYR'TA, from ayvpts, 'a crowd.' Formerly, 
a stroller who pretended to supernatural powers. 
[Subsequently, a quack or illiterate pretender. — 

AGYRTIA, Charlatanry. 

All" KA. from a, privative, and &pa, 'youth.' 
Tardy development of the organs: the opposite 
"to Hyperho'ra. 

Alio!' A I. Thevetia ahouai. 

AHUSAL, Orpiment. 

AHYPNIA, Insomnia, 

AIAULT, oTarcisBUS pseudo-narcissus. 

AIDE (F.), AtPjutor mix' inter. An assistant 
to a surgeon in his operations. 

AID010MANIA, Nymphomania. 

AIERSA, Iris Germaniea. 

AfOE, -C 

All. l.K. MINERAL WATERS OF. Near the 
city of this name, in Normandy, is the chaly- 
beate spring of St. Xantin, much used in the 
lGth and 17th centuries. 


AIGRE, Acidulona — '(. Voix. See Acid. 

ATGRELET, Acidulous. 

AIGRETTE, Rumex acetosa, see Typha 

AIGREHOINE, Agrimony. 

AIGREURS, Acidities. 

AIGU, Acute. 

OF, Aiguee-chaudee, Eattx ehande», A</na eal'- 
idcB. Sulphurous springs, about six miles from 
Bonnes, Basses Pyrenees, in 1'rancc: live in 
number, the temperature of which is, respec- 
tively, about 70°. 81°, 92°, 93°, and 96°. 

AIGUILLE, Needle — a. & Acupuncture, see 
Needle — <>. <* Appareil, -■ Ne< lit •'. << Bee o\ 
Liivre, — a. </ Cataracte, Bee Needle 

— ft. de Deeehampe, see Needle— a. Eugainte, Bee 
Needle- — i. u Futule, Bee Needle — u. a) Gaine, 
■edle — n. d Ligature, see Needle — a. d 
Manche, Bee Need! — a. d Siton, see Needle — a. 
u Suturt . see Needle. 

A1GUILLON (F.), Spina Hclmon'tii. A 

term used since the time of Van Ilelmont to 
designate the proximate cause of inflammation. 
According to him, an inflamed part is in the 
same condition as if an aiguillon or thuru were 
thrust into it. 

AIGUISER, To acidulate. 

AIL, Allium. 

All. /.', Ala. Aileron. 

AILERON (F.). Extrc'ma Ala seu Pin'nula, 
diminutive of (F.J Aile, a wing. The extremity 
of the wing of a bird, to which the great feathers 
are attached. 

folds at the base of the broad ligaments of the ute- 
rus, which are occupied by the ovary and its liga- 
ment, the Fallopian tube, and the round ligament. 

AILING, Sick. Sickly. 

AILMENT, Disease. 

ALMA, 'uifia, see llama. 

AIMANT, Magnet. 

AIMATERA, Hepatirrboea, 

AIMORRHCEA, Hsemorrhagia. 

AIMORRHOIS, Heemorrhois. 

AINE, [nguen. 

A I PATH IA, Continent disease. 

AIPI. Jatropha manihot. 

AIPIMA COXEKA. Jatropha manihot. 

AIPIPOCA, Jatropha manihot. 

AIR, Acr, Pneuma, from um, ' I breathe.' 
Common Air, Atmospheric air, (F.) Air atmoephS- 
riijiii , ia an invisible, transparent, inodorous, in- 
sipid, ponderable, compressible, and elastic fluid, 
which, under the form of the atmosphere, sur- 
rounds the earth to the height of lo or Iti leagues. 

Air is essentially composed of two gases, oxy- 
gen and nitrogen, in the proportion of 20 of the 
former to 80 of the latter. Oxygen is the vital 
portion, but the nitrogen is necessary to dilute it. 
Air also contains a small portion of carbonic acid 
gas, and has always floating in it aqueous va- 
pour, different terrestrial emanations, etc. Its 
effects upon the human body vary according to 
its greater or less density, temperature, moisture, 
etc.; hence, change of air is found extremely 
serviceable in the prevention and cure of certain 
morbid conditions. Sec Climate, and Respiration. 

acid — («. Alcalin, Ammonia — u. Atmosphirique, 

Am Bladder, Swim-bladder, Swimming-blad- 
der, Tin- Swim, (1*.) Vesrie natatoire. An ab- 
dominal organ in many lishes, sometimes com- 
manieating by means of a duct, Ductus pneu- 
mat'icue, with the alimentary canal, at others, 
not, which is considered by some to belong to 
the respiratory system. 1 1 > contents are the ele- 
ments of atmospheric air, but in different propor- 
tions, and its chief and general function appears 
to lie to regulate the specific gravity of the Bab. 

Am Cells o? the Li was, Bronchial ceils; see 
Cellule — a. Chamber, Folliculus BBris. 

Am. Dbphlocmsticated, Oxygen — a. Empy- 
real, Oxygen. 

All! '/>/ FEU, Oxygen. 
Air, Factitious, Carbonic acid — a. Fixed, 
Carbonic acid — a. Gati, Azote — a. Hfpatiqne, 
Hydrogen sulphuretted — a. Inflammable, Hydro- 
gen, Hydrogen carbnretted — a. Mephitic, Car- 
bonic acid. 

Aib Passages, (F.) Voiee uiriennee, 1. mri. 
fins. The larynx, trachea, bronchia, i 
AIR /'/AM'. Hydrogen, Bulpbui 

AlR, Pi iik. 0«J - lid, of Hah-. Car- 

bonic acid — a. Vieit, A/oti — a. Vital, Ox] 
AIR UN, Bell-metal, Brass. 

AIRE, Areola. 

AIRELLE ANGULEUSE, Vaecinium myr- 
tillus — a. Panetuie, Vaecinium vitis idssa. 





Airthrey is situate about two miles north of 
Stirling, Scotland. The waters are saline ca- 
thartics; containing chloride of sodium, chloride 
of calcium, sulphate of zinc, and chloride of mag- 

AfSELLE. Axilla. 

AISTHESIS, yEsthesis. 

AITHOMO'MA, from aiSos, 'black.' A black 
condition of all the humours of the eye. A. Pare. 

AITIA, Cause. 

AITIOLOGY, .Etiologia. 

AITION, Cause. 

OF. Called by the Germans, Aachen. A ther- 
mal, sulphureous mineral water, which contains, 
in 1000 grammes, 28.54 cubic inches of sulpho- 
hydric acid gas, 18.05 cubic inches of carbonic 
acid gas, 0.1304 grammes of carbonate of lime, 
0.0440 grammes of carbonate of magnesia, 0.5444 
grammes of carbonate of soda, 2.3697 grammes 
of chloride of sodium, 0.2637 of sulphate of soda, 
and 0.0705 of silica. The temperature is 134° 

The factitious water of Aix-la-Chapelle, A' qua 
Aquisgranen'sis, (F.) Ean d' Aix-la-Chapelle, is 
made by adding pure water fSjxvijss, to hydro- 
sulphuretted water f^fiv., carbonate of soda gr. 
XX, chloride of sodium gr. ix. — Ph. P. 

There are thermal sulphureous springs at Aix 
In Savoy (98°), and some thermal springs at Aix 
in Provence (91°). 

AIZOON, Sempervivum tectorum. 

A'JUGA, A. jyyramida'lis, Consol'ida me' din, 
Bu'gula, B. pyramida'lis, Teu'crium pyramida'le, 
Upright Bugloss, Middle Cousound, (F.) Bugle 
pyramidale. This plant is subastringent and 

Ajuga Cham.epitys, Teucrium chama?pitys. 

Ajuga Reptans, Bu'gula, B. reptans, Common 
Bugle. (F.) Bugle rampante, has similar properties. 

AKATALIS, Juniperus communis. 

AKATERA, Juniperus communis. 


AKINESIA, Acinesia. 

AKNEMIA, Acnemia. 

AKOLOGY, Materia Medica. 

AKRATOPEG^E, Acratopegae. 

AKSIS, Intermittent Fever. 

ALA, Pinna, Pteryx, 'a wing,' (F.) Aile. A 
term often used by anatomists for parts which 
project like a wing from the median line; as the 
Al(B nasi, Alas of the uterus, etc. See Axilla, and 
Pavilion of the Ear. Also, Pterygium. 

Ala Extrema, see Aileron. 

Tallahatta springs contain sulphur, and salts of 
iron, lime, and magnesia. But the most noted 
are those of Bladen. See Bladen, Mineral Wa- 
ters of. Bailey's spring is an acidulo-sulphu- 
reous chalybeate. It is fourteen miles from Tus- 

ALABASTER, Alabas'trum, (F.) Albdtre, 
Alabastri'tes. A variety of compact gypsum ; 
of which an ointment was once made — the un- 
guen'tum alabastri'num ; used as a discutient. 
Alabaster likewise entered into several denti- 


Nympha? — a. Magna?, see Sphenoid bone — a. Ma- 
jorca, Labia pudendi — a. Minores, Nyraphae, see 
Sphenoid bone — a. Muliebres minores, Nympbae 
— a. Nasi, see Nasus — a. Pudendi Muliebris, La- 
bia pudendi — a. Pulmonum, see Pulmo — a. of 
the Uterus, see Ala — a. Yespertilionis, see Uterus. 

ALAISE. Alese. 

ALAITER. from (F.) lait, 'milk.' To suckle. 

ALALIA, Mutitas. 

A LAMB IC, Alembic. 

ALANFU'TA. A name given by the Arabians 
to a vein, situate between the chin and lower lip, 
which they were in the habit of opening in cases 
of foetor of the breath. — Avicenna. 

ALAQUE'CA. The Hindoostanee name of a 
stone, found in small, polished fragments, which 
is considered efficacious in arresting haemorrhage 
when applied externally. It is a sulphuret of iron. 

ALARES MUSCULI, Pterygoid muscles. 

Ala'res Yen^e. The superficial veins at the 
fold of the arm. 

ALARIA OSSA. The wing-like processes of 
the sphenoid bone. 

ALA'RIS, Ala'tus, Aliform'is; from ala, 'a 
wing.' Wins-shaped, winded. 

AL AT ERN US, COMMON, Rhamnus alater- 
nus — a. Latifolius, Rhamnus alaternus. 

ALA'TUS, Pterygo'des, Homo ala'tus. One 
whose scapulae project backwards like wings. 

ALBA'DARAN, Aldabaran. The sesamoid 
bone of the metatarso-phalangal joint of the 
great toe. The Rabbis and Magicians attributed 
extraordinary virtues to it. — Arabians. 


ALBAMENTUM, Albumen ovi. 

A French acidulous chalybeate, in the department 
of the Loire. 

ALBARAS ALBA, Lepra alphoides — a. Nigra, 
Lepra nigricans. 

ALBAR/ES, Lepra alphoides. 

ALBAROS, Lepra alphoides. 

ALBATRE, Alabaster. 


ALB IX D'CECF, Albumen ovi. 

ALBINISM, see Albino. 

ALBINISM US. see Albino. 

ALBI'NO, 'White.' Leuca'thiops, sEthiops 
albus, Doudo, from albus, 'white,' (F.) Blafard, 
Xegre-blanc. A Spanish word applied to indivi- 
duals of the human race who have the skin and^ 
hair white (Achromodermie and Achromotricho- 
mie. — Piorry); the iris very pale, bordering on 
red; and the eyes so sensible that thej T cannot 
bear the light of day. This condition, which has 
been called Leuccethio'pia, Alpho'sis JEthiop'ica, 
Albino'is'mus, Albinis'mus, Al'binism, Kakerla- 
Icism, Leucopathi'a, Leuco'sis, is seen more fre- 
quently in the Negro. Both sexes are exposed 
to it. It does not seem to be true that there are 
tribes of Albinos in the interior of Africa. 

ALBINOISMUS, see Albino. 

ALBOR OVI, Albumen ovi. 

AL'BORA. A kind of itch or complicated 
leprosy. — Paracelsus. 

ALBOT. Crucible. 

ALBOTIM, Terebinthina. 

ALBUGINE, Albuginea, Albueineous. 

ALBUGIN'EA, A. Testis, Tu'uica albugiu'ea, 
Perites'tis, Dura mater testis, Membra'na capsula*- 
ris testis. (F.) Albugine, Tiuu'que albuginee. A 
strong, fibrous, and resisting membrane, which 
immediately envelopes the testicle, and has. at 
its upper part, an enlargement, called corpus 
Highmorianum. From its inner surface it sends 
off" a number of flat, filiform prolongations or 
septa, between which are contained the semi- 
niferous vessels. Externally, it is covered by the 
tunica vaginalis testis. 

ALBUGIN'EOUS, Albugin'eus, 'white.' from 
albus, (F.) Albugine. A term applied to textures, 
humours, &c, which are perfectly white. 

ALBUGIN'EOUS FIBRE, (F.) Fibre albuginee. A 
name given by Chaussier to what he considers 
one of the four elementary fibres. 

The albugineous fibre is linear, cylindrical, 
tenacious, elastic, but little extensible, and of a 
shining, satiny appearance. It forms fascia? or 




fasciculi, which constitute the tendons, articular 
ligaments, and aponeuroses; hence the name 
AJbiigineaue membrane*, given by Chaussier to 
the fibrous membranes. 

Gautbier considered, that the rote mueosum 
consists of four layers, to two of which be gives 
the names membra' ma nlbugin'ea pro/tin' da and 
membra* no albugiu'ea superfieia'lie, respectively. 

ALBUGINTTIS, (F.) Albuginite, A term 
employed by some authors for inflammation of 
the albagtneotyfl tissue. Thus. p'tit and rheu- 
matism are regarded as species of the genus 

ALBUGO OCULORUM, Leuconia — a. Ovi, 
Albumen ovi. 

ALBl'LA. Leueoma. 

ALUl'M CAMS, Album graeeum — a. Ceti, 

ALBUM Gr.kcum, Album Cam's, C>/noc'oprus, 
Spo'dinm Oraco'rwm, St ere us Cani'num Album. 
The white of the dog. It consists almost 
wholly of phosphate and carbonate of lime, from 
the bones used as food. It was formerly applied 
as a discutient gargle in quinsies, and as an anti- 
epileptic; but is now justly banished from 

ALBUM Nigrum. The excrement of the mouse. 

Album Oculi, see Sclerotic. 

ALBUM Rhazis. A white ointment made of 
cerusse and lard, prescribed by the Arabian phy- 
sician Rhazes. 

ALBU'MEX, Lcuco'ma, Ooni'ne, Ozemun, from 
alius, 'white.' (F.) Albumin*. An immediate 
principle of animals and vegetables, which con- 
stitutes the chief part of the white of egg. It is 
found in the serum, chyle, synovia, serous fluids. 
<v.c. There is not much difference in chemical 
composition between animal and vegetable albu- 
men, fihrin and casein. Also, the white of the 
eye. See Sclerotic. 

Albu'men Ovi, Ovalbu'men, Albu'men, Albu'- 
mor, Afbu'f/o seu Albor seu Can'didum Ovi, 
Clare'ta, Ovi albus liquor, Albumen' turn, Lac avis, 
white of egg, (F.) Blanc d'auf, (Old F.) A/bin 
d'atuf, is used in pharmacy for suspending oils, 
Ac, in water. See Ovum. 

Albumen. Salivary, see Saliva. 

ALBUMINS, Albumen — a. Ceribrale, Neu- 
rine — a. du Cerveau, Xeurine. 

ALBU'MIXOII), Albumiuni'de*. from albumen, 
and ttSoi;, ' resemblance.' Resembling albumen, as 
fibrin, casein, Ac. It is often applied to aliments 
in the same sense as proteinous. 

ALBU'MINOSl. The soluble principle of 
fibrin, identical with the dominant principle of 
the white of e^^. — Bouchardat. According to 
others, the ultimate product of the transformation, 
in the stomach, of albuminoid matters, which 
renders them fit for assimilation and nutrition. 
Alhuminose U not ooagulable by heat, and incom- 
pletely so by acids ; an excess of acid dissolving 
the precipitate. Robin and Verdcil regard it as 
synonymous with the casein of the small intestine 
of Tiedemann and GmeMn, the gelatini/orm matter 
of the intestine of Prevost and Morin, and the 
casein at" the blood of Dumas. See Peptone. 

ALBUMINO'SLS. A condition of the blood, 
in which the ratio of albumen is increased, as in 
abdominal typhus, variola, rubeola, Ac. Moser 
attd Stralil. 

ALBUMINURIA. A hybrid term from 'alln- 
vkii,' and ovpov, 'the urine.' A condition of the 
urine in which it contains albumen, the presence 
of which is indicated by its coagulation on the 
application <>f adequate heat. See Kidney, 
Bright's disease of the. 

ALBUMINURIC, Albumin** riene, (F.) Alim- 
minurique. Relating or appertaining to albumi- 
nuria. One labouring under Albuminuria. 

ALBUMIXURORRHEE, Kidney, Bright's 
disease <>f the. 

ALBUMOR, Albumen ova. 

AL'CAESTi A/'raltt'xt, AFchaeet, perhaps from 
(G.) all. 'all.' and geist, 'spirit.' A word in- 
vented by Paracelsus to designate a liquor, which, 
according to him, was capable of removing every 
kind of swelling. 

The same word was used by Van Helmont for 
a fancied universal solvent, capable of reducing 
every bQdy to its elements. 

Alcakst ok Glaubbr is a thick liquor ob- 
tained by detonating nitrate of potassa on hot 
coals, which transforms it into subcarbonate of 

Alcakst ok Rkspour is a mixture of potassa 
and oxvd of zinc. 

ALCAHEST, Alcaest. 


ALCALES'CENCE, All-ales' cence, Alcahscen'- 
tia. The condition in which a fluid becomes 

Alcalescenck op the Humours was an old 
notion of the humourists. It can only occur 
during the putrid fermentation of animal mat- 
ters, which contain azote, and produce ammonia. 
Alcalin'ity is the quality of being alcaline. 

AL'CALI or Alca'li, A I' kali, from al (Arab.,) 
'the,' and kali, the name of the Salso'la Soda, 
a plant which contains a large quantity of one 
of the principal alkalis — soda. The alkalis are 
substances soluble in water, possessing generally 
a urinous, acrid, and caustic taste, turning the 
syrup of violets green, and restoring to blue in- 
fusion of litmus, which has been reddened by 
acids; reddening the yellow of turmeric, and 
having the greatest tendency to unite with acids, 
whose character they modify, and form salts with 
them. In medicine we understand by this term 
Potassa, Soda, or Ammonia. 

Alcalt, Caustic, Al'kali Cans'ticum. A pure 
alkali. One deprived of its carbonic acid. 

Alcalis, Fixed, Soda and potassa; Volatile 
Alcali, Ammonia. 

Alcali Ammoniacum Acetatum, Liquor am- 
monia? acetatis — a. Ammoniacum fluidum, Liquor 
ammonias — a. Fixum tartarizatum, Potassa- tar- 
tras — a. Minerale sulphuricum. Soda, sulphate 
of — a. Tartari aceto saturatum, Potassae acetas — 
a. Vegetabile salito dephlogisticatum. Potassae 
murias hyperoxygenatus — a. Vegetabile tartari- 
zatum, Potassa) tartras — a. Vegetabile vitriola- 
tuin, Potassae sulphas — a. Volatile acetatum, 'Li- 
quor ammonias acetatis — a. Volatile aeratum, 
Ammoniae carbon as — a. Volatile ex sale ammo- 
niaco, Ammoniae carbonas. 


ALCALINITY. See Alkalescence. 

AL'CALOID: from alcali and ciSog, 'form.' 
A name given to the organic alcalis to distinguish 
them from the mineral, from which they differ as 
regards composition and general properties ; — 
having nothing in common but their basic pro- 
perties. Prucia, Emctia, Morphia, Strychnia, 
Ac, are alcaloids. 

ALCANA, Anehusa officinalis. 

TA, Prinos — a. Orientalis, Lawsonia biennis — a. 
Spuria, Anehusa tinctoria — a. Vera, Lawsonia 

ALCEA, Hibiscus abelmoschus — a. JEgyptiaca, 
Hibiscus abelmoschus — a. Indica, QibisCUS abel- 

Al'cka Ro'sk.A, Common hol/i/hock, Hoc, Hocks. 
Emollient, like Althaea. 


ALCHACHIL, Rosmarinus. 

ALCHAEST, Aloahest. 

ALCHEMIL'LA, said to have been celebrated 




with the Alchemists [?], supposed by some to be Halleri — a. Sulphuris, Carbonis sulphuretum — a. 

of Arabic derivation. 


Ladies' Mantle, Pes Leo'nis, Leontopo'dium, (F.) 
Pied de Lion. Formerly iu great repute as an 
astringent in hemorrhage. 
ALCHEMY, Alchvmy. 
ALCHITRAM, see Pinus Sylvestris. 
ALCHITURA, see Pinus Sylvestris. 
ALCOHOOL, Alcohol. 

AL'CHYMY, AV chewy, Alchewi'a, AlchimV a, 
Adcp'ta Philoaoph'ia, from al, an Arabic par- 
ticle, signifying, 'superiority, excellence,' and 
Ohimia, ' Chymistry.' This word was formerly 
synonymous with Chymistry; but, from the 7th j 
century, it has been applied to the mysterious art 
of endeavouring to discover a universal remedy, 
and a mode of transmuting the baser metals into 
gold : an operation to which they gave the name 
Opus wa<jnum, and Philosopher's stone. 

Alchvmy has also been called Scien'tia vel 
Philosoph'ia Herwet' ica, from an idea that Her- 
mes or Mercury was its inventor. 

Harris has well defined this chimerical art: 
'Ars sine arte, citjus prtneipium est mentiri, we- 
dium laborare, et finis mendicare.' 

Al'chymist, (Old Eng.) Alkymistre, Flatua'- 
rius. Adept'. One pretending to alchymy. 
ALCOCALUM, Cynara scolymus. 
AL'COHOL, Al'cahol, Alchool, Alkol, Alcol, 
Al'cool, Al'lcool. An Arabic word, formerly used 
fur an impalpable powder, and signifying ' very 
subtile, much divided.' At the present day it is 
applied to highly rectified spirit of wine: — see 
Spiritus rectificatus or rectified spirit, distilled 
from dried subcarbonate of potassa. In the Ph. 
U. S., Alcohol is rectified spirit of the specific 
gravity 0.835. The Dublin college has a spiritus 
fortior, used in the preparation of certain essences, 
whose specific gravity is .818. Alcohol, absolute 
ulcohol, of the Edinburgh and Dublin Pharma- 
copoeias, is of specific gravity .797. 

Alcohol is an inflammable liquor, lighter than 
water, of a warm, acrid taste, colourless, trans- 
parent, and of a pungent, aromatic smell. It is 
the product of the distillation of vinous liquors ; 
is miscible with water in all proportions, and is 
the direct solvent of resins, balsams, &c. Various 
other vegetable principles are soluble in it, and 
hence it is used, in different states of concentra- 
tion, in the preparation of elixirs, tinctures, es- 
sences, &c. 

Alcohol acts on the animal body as a powerful 
stimulus : as such, in a dilute form, it is used in 
the prevention and cure of disease. Its habitual 
and inordinate use is the cause of many serious 
affections, of a chronic character especially, as 
visceral obstructions, dropsy, <fcc. 

Alcohol, absolute, see Alcohol — a. iEthe- 
reus Ferratus, A. Sulfurico-aethereus ferri — a. 
cum Aloe perfoliate, Tinctura aloes — a. Am- 
monia? et guaiaci, Tinctura guaiaci ammoniata 
— a. Ammoniatum, Spiritus ammonia? — a. Am- 
Tioniatuui aromaticum, Spiritus ammonia? aro- 
maticus — a. Ammoniatum fcetidum, Spiritus 
ammoniac fcetidus — a. Amylicum, Oil, fusel — ! 
a. cum Aromatibus sulphuricatus, Sulphuricum 
ac-idum aromaticum — a. cum Aromatibus compo- 
situs, Tinctura cinnaraomi composite — a. Casto- 
riatum. Tinctura castorei — a. cum Crotone easca- 
rilla. Tinctura eascarillae — a. Dilutum, Spiritus 
tenuior — a. Ferratus, Tinctura ferri muriatis — 
a. cum Sulphate ferri tartarisatus, see Ferrum j 
tartarisatum — a. cum Guaiaco officinale ammo- j| 
niatus, Tinctura guaiaci ammoniata — a. Iodii. 
Tinctura Iodinae — a. cum Opio, Tinctura opii 
— a. Methylic, Spiritus Pyroxylicus — a. Pyroxylic 
Spiritus Pyroxylicus — a. Sulphuricatuin, Elixir 
acidum Halleri — a. Sulphuricum, Elixir aciduru j 

Common [Vim, Spiritus rectificatus — a. Wood, Spiritus 


ALCOHOL'IC, Alcohol'icus, Spirituo'su*,Spir'- 
ituous. (F.) Alcoolique. Relating to or contain- 
ing alcohol — as an alcoholic drink or remedy. 

ALCOHOLISM'US, Al'coholism, (F.), A/co- 
• ofisme. The series of morbid phenomena pro- 
duced bv the use of alcoholic liquors. 
ALCOL, Alcohol. 
ALCOL^l. Aphthae. 
ALCOL AT, Alcoolat. 

ALCOOL, Alcohol — a. Cawphre, Spiritus cam- 
phora?. — a. de Sou/re, Carbonis suluhuretum. 

ALCOOLAT, Spirit. It now generally signi- 
fies alcohol, charged, by distillation, with the vola- 
tile principles of certain substances, or a distilled 
spirit, — Alcolat (Codex med. of Paris). 

ALCOOLATUM, Tincture — a. Antiseorbuti- 
cum, Tinctura de Cochleariis — a. Carminativum 
Sylvii, Tinctura de Cochleariis — a. de Croco coni- 
positum, Tinctura de Croco composita. 

ALCOOLATURE, Teinture avec les plantes 
fraiches. A name given by M. Beral to certain 
preparations introduced by him, which consist of 
alcohol, charged, by maceration, with the soluble 
principles of fresh plants. See Tincture. 

ALCOOLE. A name given, in the new French 
pharmaceutical nomenclature, to medicines re- 
sulting from the solvent action of alcohol on 
different substances, or from its admixture with 
liquids which unite with it in all proportions. 
See Tincture. 
ALCOOLIQUE, Alcoholic. 
ALCOOLISER (F.) Formerly, 'to reduce into 
an impalpable powder.' Xo longer used. 
ALCOOLISME. Alcoholismus. 
ALCOOMETER. Areometer. 
ALCORNOQUE (F.), Cortex Alcornoco. The 
bark of Alchor'nea lati/o'lia, of Jamaica, which 
has been considered capable of curing phthisis. 
It is bitter, tonic, and slightly astringent. Dose 
I of the powder "*)\ to £ss. 

AL'CYON, Halcyon. A swallow of Cochin 
I China, whose nest is gelatinous and very nutri- 
' tious. It has been proposed in medicine as ana- 
leptic and aphrodisiac. 

ALCYO'XIUM. Bastard sponge. The ashes 
I were formerly employed as dentrifices : they were 
! believed proper for favoring the growth of the 
hair and beard, and were used in Alopecia. 
ALDABARAX, Albadaran. 
ALDEHYDE, see Anaesthetic. 
ALDER, AMERICAN. Alnus serratula— a. 
Black, Prinos, Rhamnus frangula — a. European. 
Alnus glutinosa — a. White, Clethra alnifolia. 
ALE", Cerevisia. 

Ale, White. A drink, used in Devonshire, 
England, amongst the ingredients of which are 
milk, spice, and spirit. 
ALEACAS. Glycyrrhiza. 

ALEBERRY. A beverage, formerly made by 
boiling ale with spice and sugar, and sops of 
bread. It was given to invalids. — Palsgrave. 
ALECOST, Tanacetum balsamita. 
ALECTO'RIUS LAPIS, Alecto'ria ; from 
a>£icrwp, ' a cock.' The name of a stone, supposed 
to exist in the stomach of the cock, or. according 
to others, in that of the capon, four years old. 
Many marvellous properties were formerly attri- 
buted to it, which are as groundless as its exist- 
ence. There are no stones in the stomach, except 
what have been swallowed. 
ALEGAR. Acetum. 
ALEHOOF, Glechoma hederacea. 
ALEIMMA, Liniment. 




ALEIPIIA. Liniment. 

A I. I'll' IK III I'M. from a\ct<pu>, 'I anoint." 
The place in the ancient gymnasium where the 
combatants anointed themselves. 

ALEIP'TRON. Same etymon. A box for 
containing ointments. 

ALEM \. Farina. 

ALEM'BIC [Amb.), Moonhead, Oapitel'lum, 
Capit'utum, Am'bieue, (F.) Alnmbie. A utensil 
ma le if glass, metal, or earthen ware, adapted 
for distillation. A etilL It consists of a body 

or cururhit, (F.) CUCUrbite, chand it re, to which is 

attached a head <>r capital, (F.) ckapiteav, and 

out of this a b- ak descends laterally to be inserted 

into the receiver, worm, condenser, or refrigera- 
tor, 1". terpentin, n'friji 'rant, as the case may 

ALEM'BROTII (Salt.) Sal Alembroth. The 
alchy mists designated by this name, and by 
those of Sal xnj,ii ■u'ficr, Sal artie, Sal vitce and 
iti(r, the product resulting from the Bub- 
limation of a mixture of corrosive sublimate and 
sal ammoniac It is stimulant, but not employed. 

ALJSSE V. . AUte, Alaiee, Lin'teum, from 
eiAt^w. ' I preserve,' A guard. A cloth arranged 
ral folds, and placed upon a bed, so as to 
guard it from the lochial or other discharges. 

ALETON, Farina. 

ALETRIS, A. farinosa. 

Al'ktris (l'h. V . >.'. A. Farino'na seu alba, 
Stargraee, Stanoort, Blazing star, Aloe-root, 
Hitter-gnus, Black rout. Unicorn root. Ague root, 

,.*, Colic root. Dcril'x bit. Mealy Dtarirurt, 

(trie. X>it. Ord. Asphodelea?. Sex. Syst. 

Ifexandria Monogynia, This plant is an intense 

and permanent hitter, and is used as a tonic and 

Stomachic, It is common in the United States. 

Albtus alba. Aletris — a. Aurea; indigenous 
— has similar virtues. 

ALEURON, Farina. 

ALEUROTESIS, see Cribration. 

ALEXANDERS, Bmyrnium ornsatrum. 


ALEXAN'DRINB, Bmplae'tnm Alexan'dri. 
A garlic plaster, invented by Alexander, contem- 
porary of Mesne. Other ancient preparations 
were called 'Alexandrine;' as the Alexan'dri 
'<m au'rea, used in apoplexy; the Collyr'- 
ium eiccuen Alexandri'nunifOT 1 Colly rium of King 
Alexander,' mentioned by Aetius. 

ALEXICACUM, Amuletum, Alexipharmic. 

ALEXII'HAR'MIC, Alexiphar'macw,, Anti- 
phar' a tea' cue, Caco-alexite' ria, Lexi- 

phur' niiiriM, (F.) Alexiphariiuu/iie, from a\c^civ, 
' to repel,' and <papnaKov, ' p<jison.' A term for- 
merly used for medicines which were considered 
proper for expelling from the body various mor- 
bific principles, or for preventing the bad effects 
of poisons taken inwardly. 


ALEXIR. Elixir. 

ALEX1 T K' I! I A. Cacalexite'ria, from a\^aaSat, 
'to as.-i>t.' Originally, alexiterium was used 
synonymously with remedy. In more modern 
times it has he*n applied to a elasi of medicines, 
that counteract poisons placed in contact with 
the exterior of the body, in contradistinction to 

fection — a. Nitricum, see Disinfection. 

ALEZE, Aliee. 

ALFUSA, T.itia. 

ALGA M \KI\A. Pila marina. 

ALGAL W, Catheter. 

ALGALIE, Catheter. 

AL'GAROTH, Al'garot, Algaro'thi Puttie, 
Puhis Angel' icue, Ox'idum seu Submu'riae Stib'ii 

prcpcipitan'do para' turn, Antimo'nii Os'i/dnm, 
Oj'idnm ant into' nii A itro-mtiriat' ienni, Ox'idlltH 

Stib'ii A<"id<> Muriat'ico orygena'te para tun, 
Mercu'riue Vitet, Mereu'riue Mortis, Flowere uf 
Antimony, (F.) O.rydt d' Ant imnine, so called from 

Victor Algarothij a Veronese physioian ; sepa- 
rated from the t> rchloride e/ antimony by pouring 
the terehloride into a Large quantity of water. 
When this, an OXyobloride, is washed with abun- 
dance of water to separate the muriatic acid, and 
afterwards by a solution of alkali to remove the 
terehloride, the teroxide of antimony, Antimo- 

uii Oxidum of the Edinburgh pharmacopoeia is 

left. It was formerly much used as an emetic, 
purgative, and diaphoretic. 

ALGE'DO, from a\yos, ' pain.' Violent pain 
about the neck of the bladder, occasionally oc- 
curring in gonorrhoea. — Cockburn. 

A LOEDOBT, l'ain. 

ALGEMA, Pain. 


AL'GIDUS, from algor, ' cold.' (F.) Algidk. 
That which is accompanied by coldness. 

Al'gida Fkbkis, Febrie horrif'ioa seu hor'- 
rida seu qner'quera sen cry aw' dee, Bry'eetue, 
Bry'chetue. (F.) Fiivre algide, Algid Fewer. A 
pernicious intermittent, accompanied by icy cold- 
ness, which is often fatal in the second or third 

ALGOR, Rigor. 

ALGOS, aAyoj, 'pain.' See Pain. Hence, 
Alget'ieu*, 'painful.' as Epilep'eia alget'iea. The 
suffix al>/i« has the same Signification — as in 
Cephalalgia, Pleural-gia, Neuralgia, &c. 

ALGOsPAS'MUS, from aAyo?, 'pain,' and 
cvaafxoi, ' spasm.' Painful spasm or cramp of the 

ALOUE COMMUNE, Pila marina— a. Marine, 
Pila marina — a. des Verriem, Pila marina. 


ALIIANDAL, see Cucuinis colocynthis. 

ALIIASEF, Sudamina. 

ALHAUNE, Lawsonia inermis. 

ALIBILIS, Nutritious. 

AL'ICA, Ilal'ica, Farincfrium, Chondmo, from 
alere, 'to nourish.' A grain from which the an- 
cients made their tisanes; supposed, by some, to 
have been the Tritieum sprfta. At times, it 
seems to have meant the tisane itself. 

AL'ICBS, from aXifa, 'I sprinkle.' Spots 
which precede the eruption of small pox. 

ALIENATIO, Anomalia— a. Mentis, Insanity. 



ALll.SK. Insane. 

AUEXISTi:, see Psychiatria. 

ALIEN" IS, Delirious. 

ALIFORMES MUSCULI, Pterygoid muscles. 

ALIFORMIS, Alaris, Pterygoid. 

ALIGDLUS, Confection. 

A LIMA, Aliment. 

ALIMELL/E, Parotid. 

AL'IMENT, Alimen'tum, Al'ima, Barma'Ua, 
Nntri'men, Nu'triene, Suntentac'ulum, Ciba r riu& 
Hroma, Comie'ti, Oibue, Eeca, Nutri'tue, Xittri- 
men'tum, Sitae, Trophi. (Prov.) Belly-timber. 
(F.) Aliment, Nourriture, from alere, 'to nourish.' 
Food. Any substance which, if introduced into 
the system, is capable of nourishing it and repair- 
ing its I 

The study of aliments forms one of the most 

important branches of hygiene. They are < - 

fined to the organized kingdom, — the mineral 
affording none. 

As regards the immediate principles which 




predominate in their composition, they have 
been classed, but imperfectly, as follows : — 

1. Feculaceous. 


4. Acidulous. 

5. Oleaginous 


6. Caseous. 

7. Gelatinous. 

8. Albuminous 

9. Fibrinous. 


I Wheat, barley, oats, rye, rice, In- 

< dian corn, potato, sago, peas, 
( beans. &c. 

i Carrot, salsify, beet, turnip, aspara- 
s. < gus. cabbage, lettuce, artichoke, 
( melon, &c. 
Sugar, fig, date, raisin, apricot. <5rc. 
Orange, currant, gooseberry, cher- 
ry, peach, strawberry, raspberry, 
mulberry, prune, pear, apple, 
sorrel, &c. 
,C Cocoa, olive, sweet almond, nut, 
a < walnut, animal fat, oil, butter. 
I &c. 

Different kinds of milk, cheese. 
C Tendon, aponeurosis, true skin, 

< cellular texture; very young 
f animals. 

Brain, nerve, eggs, &c. 
Flesh and blood. 

Dr. Prouthas four great classes — the aqueous, 
saccharine, oleaginous, and albuminous: — Dr. 
Pereira, twelve — the aqueous, mucilaginous or 
gummy, saccharine, amylaceous, ligneous, pecti- 
vaceous, acidulous, alcoholic, oily or fatty, pro- 
teiuaceous. gelatinous, and saline. 

Liebig divides them into two classes: — the 

TION, in which he comprises vegetable fibrin, 
vegetable albumen, vegetable casein, flesh and 
blood ; and the non-nitrogenized elements of 
respiration, in which he comprises fat, starch, 
gum. cane sugar, grape sugar, sugar of mill', pec- 
tin, bassorin, wine, beer and spirits. The former 
alone, in his view, are inservient to the nutrition 
of organized tissue : the latter are burnt in respi- 
ration, and furnish heat. 

The following simple arrangement is, perhaps, 
as little objectionable as any : — 

1. Nitrogrnized Aliments 

(Albuminous, of Prout 

2. Xon-nitrogenized Aliments, 


Fibrinous (Glutinous?) 






The second division might be still farther sim- 
plified, inasmuch as amylaceous aliments are 
convertible into sugar during the digestive pro- 
cess; and, from both, oleaginous matter may be 

ALIMEXTAL. Xutrimental. 

ALIMENTARY, Xutriuiental— a. Tube, Canal, 

ALIMEXTATIOX, Alimenta'tio. The act of 

ALIMEXTEUX, Xutrimental. 

ALIMEXTUM, Aliment, Pabulum. 

ALIMOS. Glycyrrhiza. 

ALIXDE'SIS, from aXntouai, 'to be turned 
about.' A species of exercise, which consisted 
in rolling in the dust, after having been anointed 
with oil. — Hippocrates. 

ALIP^E'NOS, Aiipa'num, Alipan'tos, from a. 
priv., and Xnraveiv, ' to be fat.' An epithet for- 
merly given to every external remedy, devoid of 
fat or moisture : such as powders. — Galen. 

ALIPAXTOS. Alipsenos. 

ALIP'TA, Alip'tes, from aAei^w. 'I anoint.' 
He who anointed the Athleta? after bathing. 
The place where this was done was called Alip- 

ALIPTERIUM, see Alipta. 

ALIP'TICA, same etymon. The part of an- 
cient medicine, which treated of inunction as a 
means of preserving health. 

ALTSfER BLANC, Crata?gus aria. 

ALISMA, A. plantago, Arnica montana — a. 

Graminifolia, A. plantago — a. Lanceolata, A. 

Alis'ma Planta'go, Alisma, A. lanceola'ta seu 
graminifu'lia, Planta'go aquat'ica, Water Plan- 
tain, (F.) Plantain d'Eau. Ord. Alismacea?. 
Sex. Syst. Hexandria Polygynia. The fresh root 
is acrid, and the dried leaves will vesicate. The 
leaves have been proposed as substitutes for Uva 

ALITURA, Nutrition. 

AL'KALE, O'lcum Gtdli'noe. An ancient phar- 
maceutical name for pullets' fat. 

ALKALESCENCE. Alcalescence. 

ALKALI, see Alcali — a. Ammoniaeum eaus- 
ticum. Ammonia — a. Ammoniaeum spirituosum, 
Spiritus aminonia? — a. Minerale nitratum, Soda, 
nitrate of — a. Minerale phosphoratum, Soda, 
phosphate of — a. Minerale salinum, Soda, mu- 
riate of — a. Vegetable, Potash — a. Vegetabile cum 
aceto, Potassa? acetas — a. Vegetabile fixum caus- 
ticum. Potassa fusa — a. Volatile, Ammonia — a. 
Volatile causticum, Ammonia — a. Volatile, con- 
crete, Ammonia? carbonas — a. Volatile, mild, Am- 
monia? carbonas — a. Volatile nitratum, Amraoniae 
nitras — a. Volatile tartarizatum, Ammonia? tartras 
— a. Volatile vitriolatum, Ammonia? sulphas. 

ALKAXET, BASTARD, Lithospermum offici- 
nale — a. Dyer's, Anchusa tinetoria — a. Garden, 
Anchusa officinalis — a. Officinal, Anchusa offici- 

ALKAR, Medicament. 

ALKEKENGI, Physalis. 

ALKER'MES, Oonfcc'tio Allcer'mes, Alcher'- 
mes. A celebrated electuary, composed of a mul- 
titude of substances. It was so called from the 
grains of kermes contained in it. It was used 
as a stimulant. Also, kermes. 

ALKERVA, see Ricinus communis. 

ALKITRAX, Cedria. 

ALKOL, Alcohol. 

ALKOOL, Alcohol. 

ALKYMISTRE, Alchymist. 

ALLA, Cerevisia. 

ALLAITEMEXT. Lactation. 

ALLAMAX'DA, A. Cathar'tica seu graudi- 
flo'ra, Ore'lia grandijlo'ra, Gal'arips, Eclii'nus 
scandens, Apoc"ynum scandens. A shrub, native 
of Guiana, the infusion of whose leaves is said by 
Linna?us to be useful in Colica Pictonum. 

ALLAXTODES, Allantoic 

ALLAX'TOIC ACID, Ac"idum allanto'icum. 
A peculiar acid, found in the liquor of the allan- 
tois of the cow. 

ALLAXTOIDES, Allantois. 

ALLAX'TOIS, Allanto'i'des, Allanto'dcs, Mem- 
bra'na urina' ria, Jf. seu Tunica Farcimiuu'lis, 
M. Intestina'lis, the Allantoid Vesicle, from aAAcs, 
aWavros, 'a sausage,' and eiSos, 'shape.' A sort of 
elongated bladder,between the chorion and amnion 
of the foetus, which is thrown out from the caudal 
extremity of the embryo, and communicates with 
the bladder by the urachus. It is very apparent. 
in quadrupeds, but not in the human species. As 
the allantois is developed, its walls become very 
vascular, and contain the ramifications of what 
become the umbilical artery and vein, which, by 
the elongation of the allantois, are brought 
through the villi of the chorion, into indirect 
communication with the vessels of the mother. 

ALL AXTOTOX'ICUM, from aAAas.aAAurroj, 'a 
sausage,' and toI-ikov, 'a poison.' Sausage poison 
(G.) Wurs tgift. The Germans have given this 
name to a poison developed in sausages formed 
of blood and liver. 

ALLECTUARY, Electuarium. 

ALLELUIA, Oxalis acetosella. 

ALLEN'THESIS, from aAAoy, 'another.' and 
tvOtcii, 'introduction.' The entrance into, or 




presence of extraneous bodies in. the organism. — 
Walt her. 

ALLE'VIATOR, from ad, 'to.' an-1 Umar* t 'to 
raise/ 'a toother.' An instrument for raising in- 
valids, invented by Mr.Jenks, of Rhode Island. 
It consists of two upright posts, about six feat 
high, each supported by ■ pedestal; oftwohori- 
sonta] bars at the top, rather longer than a com- 
mon bedstead; of a windlass of the same length, 
placed six inches below the upper bar; ofa cog- 
wheel and handle; of linen holts from six to 
twelve inches Wide; pf Straps secured at one end 
of the windlass; mid at the other having hooks 
attached to corresponding eyes in the linen belts, 
and of a head-piece made of netting. The pa- 
tient lying on his mattress, the surgeon passes 
the linen belts beneath his body, attaching them 
to the hooks on the ends of the straps, and ad- 
justing the whole at the proper distance and 
length, so as to balance the body exactly, and 
then raises it from the mattress by turning the 
handle of the windlass. To lower the patient 
again, and replace him on the mattress, the wind- 
lass must be reversed. 

ALLGOOD, Chcnopodinm bonus Benricns. 

ALLHEAL. Heracleum spondylium. 

ALLIA'CEOUS, AUia'ceue, (F.) Alliace. from 
allium, 'garlic.' Belonging to garlic, as alliace- 
ous odour. 

ALIA AIRE. Alliaria. 

ALLIA'RIA. from allium, its smell resembling 
garlic. A. officina'tit, Eryt'imum alliq f ria sen 
aril if'/ Hum, Sisi/m'brium al/ia'ria, Jack-in-the 

hedge, Slinking hedge Mn*tard, Hedge Garlic, 
Sauce-alone, Hes' peris allia'ria, {¥.) AUiaire. 
Or<{. Crucifera?. This plant has been sometimes 
given in humid asthma and dyspnoea. It is 
reputed to be diaphoretic, diuretic, and antiscor- 

The Parisian Codex has a compound syrup of 
alliaria. Simp d' erysimum compose, which is used 
in hoarseness. 

ALLIGATURA, Fascia. Ligature. 

ALLIOTICD8, Alterative. 

AL'LIUM, (Ph. U. S.) from oleo, <I smell.' 
A. sati'vuni, 77) eriaca ruetico'rum, Ampelop'ra- 
Ktim, Scor'odon, Scofdon, Garlic, (P.) Ail. Ord. 
Liljaceas. Sex. Syst. Hexandria Monogynia. A 
native of Sicily, but cultivated for use. The 
bulbs or clovet, Ag'lithea, have a strong, offensive, 
and penetrating odour, and a sweetish, biting, 
and caustic taste. Internally, garlic is stimulant, 
diuretic, expectorant, emmenagogue (?), diapho- 
retic, and anthelmintic. Externally, it is rube- 
facient, maturative, and repellent; and a garlic 
ointment is made by digesting, at a moderate 
heat, for half an hour, two or three cloves of 
fresh garlic in an ounce of lard, and straining. 
It is applied as a rubefacient to the chest in 

Dose, one to six cloves, swallowed whole, or 
from figs to f!Jij of the juice. 

Taylor'* Remedy fof Deafnew, a nos f rum. ap- 
pears to consist of garlic, infused in oil of ul- 
mond», and coloured by alkanet root. 

Allium Ascalor'k i m. Echalotte. 

Ai.iii M Canai'Kn'si:. Meadow garlic j indige- 
nous: ha> the same properties as allium. 

Allium <'t pa, Oepa VnJga'rie, Common Onion, 
fffpul'la, Crom'myon, (F.) Oignnn. Acrid and 
Bttmulating, and pot ry little nutriment. ! 

Onions have been used as stimulants, diuretics. 
and anthelmintics. The boiled or roasted onion. 
as a cataplasm, is emollient and maturating. 
The fresh root is rubefacient. The ext 
juice is sometimes used in otalgia and in rhcu- i 

Allium Oalucum, Portulaca — a. Plantagi- 
neuui, A. Victoriale. 

Allium Pobrum, Porrum, P. tati'tmm, Pra- 

mim, the Laic or Porret { (Y.) Poireaa, Porreau, 

It possesses the same property as the onion. 

The virtues of the genus Allium depend upon 
an acrid principle, soluble in water, alcohol, acids, 
and alkalies. 

Allium Rkdolkns, Teucrium scordium 

Allium Victorja'lb, A. ptan tagin'eum, Cepa 
victoria'lie, \ ictoria'lit longa. The root, which, 
when dried, loses its alliaceous smell and taste, 
is said to be efficacious in allaying the abdominal 
spasms of pregnant women (?) 

ALLOCHETTA. AUotriocket'ia, from mXX*, 
'another,' and %i$tiv, 'to go to stool.' The dis- 
charge of extraneous matters from the bowels. 
The discharge of fseees by an abnormous opening. 

ALLOOUOOS, Delirious. 

ALLOCHROMA'SIA, from aAAoj, 'another/ 
and yo^na, * colour.' A change of colour. 

ALL(EOPATHIA, Allopathy. 

ALL050PATHIC, Allopathic. 

ALLCEOSIS. Alteration. 

ALLCEOTICUS, Alterative. 

ALLOIOSIS. Alteration. 

ALLOIOTICUS, Alterative. 

A L L ONG EM EN T, Elongation. 

ALLOPATH, Alb.pathist. 

ALLOPATHBS, Allopathic. 

ALLOPATH'IC. Allopatk'icv*, AllcropatVic, 
Alfazopatk'icu*, Allop'athes, ffeteropath'ic, from 
uAAoj. 'another,' and iruOos, ' affection.' Relating 
to the ordinary method of medical practice, in 
contradistinction to the homoeopathic. See Allo- 

ALLOPATH 'IE. Allopathy. 

ALLOP'ATHIST. Allopath, same etymon. 
One who follows allopathy. 

ALLOP'ATHY. AUopatki'a.Allaopathi'a, By. 
penantio'eie, Bypennntio'ma, Cnra'tio contrario'~ 
rum per contra' no, (F.) Allopathic ; same etymon. 
The opposite to homoeopathy; or, according to 
Hahnemann, a method of treatment in which 
remedial agents are employed, the action of 
which, on healthy man, produces morbid phe- 
nomena different from those that are observed 
in the sick person. The ordinary medical prac- 
tice is so designated bv the homoeopathist. 

ALLOPHASIS. Delirium. 


ALLOTRIODON'TIA. from aWorpioi, 'fo- 
reign,' and oSovs, 'a tooth.' Transplantation of 

ALLOTRIOEC'CKISIS. from aUorptos, 'fo- 
reign/ and tKKpiois,' 'separation.' The separa- 
tion of extraneous matters from the body in dis- 



ALLOTRIOTEX'IS. from aWorpios, 'foreign,' 
and tc£is, 'parturition.' The bringing forth of 
an abnormous to-tus. 

ALLOTKIU'RIA, from aWorpios, 'foreign/ 
and ovpov, 'urine.' Admixture of foreign mat- 
ters with the urine. 

AL'LOTROPISM: (F.) Allotropie, from aAAoj, 
'another,' and r^oiroj. ' a turn or change. A term 
recently introduced into chemistry, the object >?' 
which is to express the property, possessed by 
certain simple bodies, of SMBming different quali- 
ties on being subjected to certain modes af treat- 
ment. Carbon, for example, furnishes three 
forms — plumbago, charcoal, and diamond. 

ALL-OVERISH, see Indisposition. 

ALLSPICE, see Myrtui pimenta — a. Bush, 
Laurus Benzoin — a. Carolina, Calycanthus — a. 
Wild, Laurus Benzoin. 

ALLUCINATIO, Hallucination. 

ALLURE, Inflnenia. 

ALLUS POLLEX, Pollex, see Digitus. 




ALMA, Water. 

ALM A R [A B, see Plumbi oxydum semivitreum. 

ALMEZERION, Cneoruui tricoccum. 

ALMOND. Amygdala. 

Almond Bloom. A liquid cosmetic, formed 
of Brazil dust ^j, water Oiij ; boil and strain ; 
and add iehiglwss ^vj, gratia sylcestria 3'J> or 
cochineal gij. alum t ^j, borax £ny, boil again, 
and strain through a tine cloth. 

Almond Cake, see Amygdala — a. of the Ear, 
Tonsil — a. Earth, Arachis hypogaea — a. Paste, 
see Amygdala — a. Powder, see Amygdala — a. of 
the Throat, Tonsil. 

ALXL'8, A. glutinosa — a. Communis, A. gluti- 

ALNUS GLUTINO'SA, Alnus, A commit' nis, 
Bet' \ib i ylutino'ea seu emargina'ta, Europe' an Al- 
der, (Sc.) Am, Efler, Ord. Betulaceaa. A tree 
which grows in Europe, in moist places. The 
bark and leaves are astringent and bitter; and 
hence are employed in intermittents, and as a 
tonic and astringent. 

Alnls Serrat'ula, American Alder, has simi- 
lar properties. 

Alnus Nigra, Rhamnus frangula. 

ALOCHI'A, from a, privative, and Xo^ua, 'lo- 
chia.' Absence of the lochial discharge. 

ALOEDA'RIUM. A compound medicine, con- 
taining aloes. — Gorraeus. 

ALOE. Aloes — a. False, Agave Virginica. 

ALOE ROOT, Aletris farinosa. 

AL'OES, Al.'oe, Fel Xatu'rce. The inspissated 
juice of- the Aloe. Ord. Asphodeleae. Sex. Syet. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Aloes Barbadensis. A. hepatica — a. Bombay, 
A. hepatica — a. dcs Barbadee, A. hepatica. 

Aloes Caballi'na, A. Guinien'sis, Horse-aloes. 
Used chiefly for horses. It is collected in Spain 
and Portugal, and is very coarse. 


Aloes. Cape, Shining Aloes; a cheap and ex- 
cellent form of aloes, collected at the Cape of 
Good Hope, from Aloe ferox, A. A/ricana, A. 
spicata, and other species. 

Aloes. East India, A. Succotorina — a. Guini- 
ensis, A. Caballina. 

Aloes Hepat'ica, A. vulga'ris, A. Barbaden'- 
sis, Hepat'ie aloes, Bombay aloes, Barba'does 
aloes, A. vttlgtt'ria e.rtrac'tum, (F.) Aloes en cafe- 
basses. A. des Barbades. This species has a very 
disagreeable odour, and an intensely bitter and 
nauseous taste. Properties the same as the last. 

Aloes, Horse, A. Caballina — a. Lucida, A. 
Succotorina — a. Socotrine, A. Succotorina — a. 
Spicata extractum, A. Succotorina. 

Aloes Succotori'xa, Soe'otrine aloes, Turkey 
aloes, East India aloes, Aloes In'cida, A. Zoctori'- 
nia, A. spica'ta? extrac'tum, An'ima Aloes, is the 
best species. Its odour is not unpleasant : taste 
very bitter, and slightly aromatic; colour red- 
dish-brown, Avith a shade of purple; mass hard, 
friable: fracture conchoidal and glossy; soluble 
in dilute alcohol. Powder of a bright cinnamon- 
yellow colour. It is cathartic, warm, and stimu- 
lating : emmenagogue, anthelmintic, and stoma- 
chic. As a cathartic, it affects the rectum chiefly. 
Dose, as a cathartic, gr. v to £)j in pill. 

Aloes, Turkey, A. Succotorina — a. Vulgaris, 
A. hepatica — a. Wood, Agallochum — a. Zocto- 
rinia, A. Succotorina.. 

ALOET'IC, Aloet'icus. A preparation which 
contain? aloes. 

ALOEXYLOX. Agallochum. 
_ ALOGOTROPH'IA, from a\oyo ? , 'dispropor- 
tionate,' and rpo<f>r], 'nutrition.' Irregular nutri- 
tion. Used particularly to designate the irregu- 
lar manner in which the nutrition of bones' 5 is 
effected in rickety individuals. 

AL0PECE3, Psoas. 

ALOPECIA, from aXwffr,£, 'a fox;' (this ani- 
mal being said to be subject to the affection.) 
Capillo'rum deflu'vium, Athrix depi'lis, Phalac- 
ro'tis, Depila'tio, Tiicho'sis Athrix, Gangraz'na 
Alope'cia, Atrich'ia, Deflu'vium seu Lapsus seu 
Flux us Pilo'rum, Lipsotrich' ia, Vitlpis morbus, 
Pela'da, Baldness, (F.) Pelade. Falling off of 
the hair ; loss of the hair. When this is confined 
to the crown of the head, it is called calvities, al- 
though the terms are often used synonymously. 
When congenital, it is called Atrich'ia seu Alope'- 
cia adna'ta. The falling off of the hair in old 
age is termed Alope'cia seni'lis. 

Alopecia Adnata, see Alopecia. — a. Areata, 
Porrigo decalvans — a. Circumscripta, Porrigo 
decalvana — a. Partialis, Porrigo decalvans — a. 
Senilis, see Alopeeia. 

ALOUCHE, Crataegus aria. 

ALOUCH'I. The name of a gum procured 
from the canella alba tree. 

ALOUCHIER, Crataegus aria. 

ALPAM. A shrub which grows on the coast 
of Malabar. Certain parts of this, infused in oil, 
form an antipsoric ointment. The juice of the 
leaves, mixed with that of calamus, is employed 
against the bites of serpents. 

ALPHEXIC, Saccharum candidum. 

ALPHITEDOX, see Fracture. 

ALPH'ITOX. aXfiTov, Polen'ta, Fari'na. Any 
i kind of meal. Toasted barley-meal. — Hippocra- 
tes. Polenta means, also, a food composed of In- 
dian meal, cheese, &c. See Farina. 

ALPHOX'SIX, Alphon'sinum. Akind of bul- 
let forceps, similar to a Porte-crayon, so-called 
from the inventor, Alphonso Ferri, of Xaples. — 

ALPHOS, Lepra alphoides. 


damomum — a. Exaltata, Renealmia exaltata — 
a. Tubulata, Renealmia exaltata — a. Galanga, 
Maranta galanga. 

AL PISTE, Phalaris Canadiensis. 

ALSAXDERS, Smyrniura olusatrum. 

ALSI'XE ME'DIA, A. avicula' rvm teuvulgn'- 
ris, from aAo-oy, 'a grove,' because growing abun- 
dantly in the woods. [ ? ] Jforsus Galli'nce. Holot'- 
teum Alsi'ue, Stella' ria me'dia, Mouse-ear, Chick- 
weed, Chickemcort, (F.) Mourqn des Oiseaux, Mor- 
geliue. Ord. Caryophyllaceae. This plant, if boiled 
tender, may be eaten like spinach, and forms an 
excellent emollient poultice. It was formerly 
regarded as a vulnerary and detergent. 

ALTAFOR, Camphor. 

ALTER SEXUS, Sex, female. 

ALT E RAX S, Alterative. 

AL TERANT, Alterative; see, also, Alteration. 

ALTERATION, Altera' tio, from alter, 'other,' 
Alloio'sis, Alloso'sis. This word is used in France 
to express any change which supervenes; for ex- 
ample, in the expression of the countenance (al- 
teration de la face,) or in the structure of an 
organ (alteration organique,) or in the nature of 
fluids excreted (alteration de I'urine, des larmes, 
du I a it, rf.-c.) 

Alteration is also used in an entirely different 
sense, to express intense thirst in disease. In 
this case its etymology is different. It comes 
from haleter, and was formerly written haleter- 

AL'TERATIVE. Al'terans, Alloiot' icus, Alias- 
ot'icus, Alliot'icus, Immu'tans. An agent con- 
sidered to be capable of producing a salutary 
change in a disease, but without exciting ar.y 
sensible evacuation. As medicine improves, this 
uncertain class of remedies becomes, of necessity, 
diminished in number. See Eutrophie. 

(F.) Alterant. The French term likewise 




means, that which causes thirst, — Sitfeulo'eua, 
Dipset'icus. as alterer means both to change. Mid 
to cause thirst. S'alterer is to experience a 
ehange for the worse, — (eorrum'pi.) 

A I. CBRCANGBNON, Hvoscyauius. 

ALTERCUM, Hyoscyamus. 

ALTERED, Bee Oastratos. 

ALTII.E'A. (rum a\0uv. ' to heal f A. offlcin*'- 

lis, Molvavie'cwm, Aristalthcr'a. IIif>is' rus. Hi- 
bis'riim,'ehus, Ihis'cha mt'smal' va, liismal'va. 
Marsh mmUow. (Prov.) Malice. (P.) 'ini- 
rnauve. Ord. .Malvaceae. Sex. Sywt Ifonadelphia 
Polyandria. Tho leaves, Altha'a fo'lia, and 
root, A/tha'ce radix, contain much mucilage. 
They arc emollient and demulcent, and are em- 
ployed wherever medicines, possessing such pro- 
perties, are required. In the Ph. U. S., Althaea 
is the root of Althaea officinalis. 


ALTHEUS, Physician. 

ALTHAXIS, (Juration. 

ALTHOS, Medicament. 

ALTILIBAT, Terebinthina. 

ALU'DEL, Alu'tel, Vitrum suLlimato'rium. A 
hollow sphere of stone, glass, or earthen ware, 
with a short neck projecting at each end, by 
means of which one glass might be set upon the 
other. The uppermost hail no aperture at the 
top. Aludels were formerly used in the sublima- 
tion of various substances. 

A'LULA, diminutive of ala, 'a wing.' A little 

ALUM. Symphytum — a. Cataplasm, Coagulum 
aluinino-inn— a. Egyptian, JEgyptia stypteria. 

Ai.r.M, ROCHE, Alu'men de Rochi, (F.) Alun de 
Roche. So called from Roecha in Syria, where 
there was a manufactory of it. It is in pieces of 
the size of an almond, covered with a reddish 

Com mnn Roche Alum, A. Rochi Qallie. Frag- 
ments of common alum moistened and shaken 
with prepared bole. It is white when broken. 

Alum Root, Geranium maculatum, lleuchera 
cor tu -a. 

Alum, Solution of, Compound, Liquor alumi- 
nis compositus. 

Alum Springs of Virginia, see Virginia, mine- 
ral waters of. 

ALU'MEN, (an Arabic term, alum,) Alum, 
Hjjperaul'phaa a In' mines et Potas'ses, Potas'ses 
alu'mino-eulphaa, Sul'phaa Alumina Acid'ulua 
cum Pota**e&, Sulpha* Alu'mina-, SuVpha* KaV- 
ieo-alumin'icum, Sulpha* alumina'rie, SuperauV- 
pha* alu'mina t\ potat'ta, Argil'la aulphu'rica 
mlem lia a'ta, .1. vitriola'ta, Stypte'ria, SulpereuV- 
pkat Argil'let alculisa'tum, Argilla Kalisulphu- 
rica. (F.j Alun. 

Alumim Catimum, Potash of commerce — a. 
Fixum. see Potash — a. Kinosatum, Pulvis sul- 
phatis alumina- Oompositns. 

Alu'MCR CoMMU'HB, Common aliun, English 

alum. Rock alum, Atumen facti"tium, A. crystal'- 

liintm. A. ru'/niim, (Y.) Ahtn </' AikjI, terre, is the 
Variety ■easily employed. It is in octahedral 
crystals, but generally in large, white, semitrans- 
parent masses; has a sweetish, styptic taste : 
effloresces in the air. and Is soluble in lt> pan- of 
water at 60°. It is tonic and astringent, and u 
such is u.-ed internally and externally. Dose, gr. 

V to XV. 

Ali'mkn Exsicca'tum. Alu'men uetum seu 

ticca' turn am oaleiata'tmm, Sulpha* alu'mina fueue, 

Argil' la aulphu'rica uwtet, Burnt alum, dried alum. 

■'a calcine", (Alum melted in an earthen 

vessel until ebullition ceases.) Escharotic. 

Alu'.mkn Roma'vum, Roman alum, A. Ru'ti- 
lum seu Rubrum. (F.) Alun de Rome. In erys- 
tals. which are of a pale red when broken, and 
covered with a reddish efflorescence. 

Alumbn Siccatum. Aluraen exsicentum. 

ALUMINA, ACETATE OF, Alumina Aeetas 
— a. Depurata. Argills pura — a. Pura, Argilla 
pura — a. Sulphate of. Alumina) Sulphas. 

ALU'MIN.E ACK'TAS.. irgil'l*. IcStae, A- ".■- 
fate of Alu'mina. A delimpieseent salt, obtained 
by the addition of acetate of lead to sulphate of 
alumina and potassa. It possesses the same pro- 
perties as the sulphate of alumina. 

Alu'min.e et Potass.e IIvpi:ksi i.i'has, Alu- 
men — a. et Potassae supersulphas, Alumen — a. 
Sulphas. Alumen. 

Am \min\e Sulphas, Anji/lo~> Sulphas-. Sulphate 
of Alu'mina. Simple sulphate of alumina may 
be made by the direct combination ol alumina 
and sulphuric acid, and contains SO per cent, of 
the former, to 70 per cent, of the latter. It is 
a deliquescent salt: and is an excellent antisep- 
tic and detergent to ulcers. It is chiefly used to 
preserve dead bodies — a strong solution being 
injected into the arteries. 

Gannal's Solution for preserving animal sub- 
stances is made by dissolving an ounce of acetate 
of alumina in twenty ounces of water. 

Aluxjin.e Sulphas Acidulus cum Potassa, 
Alumen — a. Sulphas fusus, Alumen exsiecatum. 

ALUMIM: FACTICE, Argilla pura. 

ALUMINH OXIDUM, Argilla pura. 

AL UN, Alumen. 

ALUNSEL, Gutta. 

ALUS, Symphytum. 

ALUSIA, Hallucination — a. Hypochondriasis, 

ALUTE*,, Aludel. 

ALVAQUILLA, Psoralea glandulosa. 

ALVARAS NIGRA, Ichthyosis. 

ALVEARIUM, Auditory canal, external. 

ALVE'OLAR, Alveola' ris, from alveue, ' a ca- 
vity.' (F.) Alveolaire. That which relates to 
the alveoli. 

Alveolar Abscess, Parulis. 

Alve'olar Arches, (F.) Arcades aheolaires, 
are formed by the margins or borders, Juffa alveo- 
la' ria, of the two jaws, which are hollowed by the 

Alve'olar Artery, Supra-metxillary A., Ar- 
tire sus-macillaire of Chaussier, arises from the 
internal maxillary, descends behind the tuberos- 
ity of the upper jaw, and gives branches to the 
upper molar teeth, gums, periosteum, membrane 
of the maxillary sinus, and buccinator muscle. 

Alveolar Border, Li ml us alveola' ri*. The 
part of the jaws that is hollowed by the alveoli. 

Alve'olar Mkmbhanes are very fine mem- 
branes, situate between the teeth and alveoli, and 
formed by a portion of the sac or follicle which 
enclosed the tooth before it pierced the gum. By 
some this membrane has been called the alveolo- 
dental periosteum. 

Alve'olar Vkin. This has a similar distri- 
bution with the artery. 

AL YEOLE, Alveolus. 

ALVEOLI DENTIS, see Alveolus. 

Alveolar membranes. 

AL VKOLO- LABIAL, Buccinator. 

ALVE'OLUS, same etymon. Bo'trion, /?..'- 
thrion, Odontoboth'rium, Odontophat'ue, 
{Alve'oii), Mortariolum, Hol'mieoe, Praaepiolum, 
Phatne, PhaVnion, Praae'pium, Patni, Pathni, 
(P.) Alveole. The alveoli are the aockete of the 
teeth, Alve'oli d, ntis, Mn' nia sen Caver'nae den'- 
tium, into which they are, as it were, driven. 
Their size and shape are determined by the teeth 
which they receive, and they are pierced at the 
apex by small holes, which give passage to tho 
dental vessels and nerves. 

ALVEUS, Auge — a. Ampullosus, Receptees- 
luui cbyli — a. Ampullescens, Thoracic duct — a. 




Communis: see Semicircular canals — a. Utricu- 
losus : see Semicircular canals. 

ALVI EXCRETIO, Defecation — a. Fluxus 
aquosus, Diarrhoea — a. Laxitas, Diarrhoea — a. 
Profluvium, Diarrhoea. 

ALVIDUCUS, Laxative. 

ALVINE, Alci'nus, from alvus, 'the abdomen.' 
That which relates to the lower belly, as alvine 
dejections, alvine flux, alvine obstructions, <fcc. 


ALVUS, Abdomen, Uterus — a. Adstricta seu 
Astricta, Constipation — a. Cita, Diarrhoea — a. 
Dura, Constipatio — a. Renum, Pelvis of the 
kidney — a. Tarda, Constipation — a. Viridis, De- 

ALYCE. Anxiety. 

ALYMPH'IA, from a, priv., and lympha, 
'lymph.' Want of lymph. 

AI/YPON, from a, priv., and \virn, 'pain.' An 
acrid, purging plant, described by Matthiolus. 
By some it has been supposed to be the Globula'- 
ria alypum of botanists. 

ALYSIS, Anxiety. 

ALYSMUS, Anxiety. 

ALYSSUM PLINII, Galium mollugo. 

ALYSSUS, Antihydrophobic. 

ALYX'IA STELLA'TA, A. aromat'ica, (F.) 
Alyxie aromatique. A plant, of the family 
Apocynaceaa, the bark of which resembles canella 
alba, and is used in Batavia in pernicious fevers. 

AL'ZILAT. In some of the Arabian writers, 
a weight of three grains. — Ruland and Johnson. 

AMABILE, Lacuna Labii Superioris. 

AM A DO (J, Boletus igniarius. 

AMADOUV1ER, Boletus igniarius. 

AMA1GRIR, Emaciate. 


OF, Saint-Amaud-les-Eaux. These springs, in 
the department Nord, France, are thermal (77° 
Fahr.), carbonated chalybeates ; and are much 
used internally, or in the form of bones, in 
chronic affections of the digestive organs and 
liver, and in rheumatism. 

AMANDES, see Amygdala. 

AMANI'TiE, from a, privative, and fiavia, 
'madness:' i.e. 'not poisonous.' (?) A name 
given, by the Greeks and Romans, to the edible 
champignons. Amanita forms, at the present day, 
a genus, some of which are edible, others poison- 
ous. Amongst others, it contains the Agaricus 
aurantiacus and A. pseudo-aurantiacus. 

AMARA DULCIS, Solanum dulcamara. 

AMARACI'NUM. An ancient and esteemed 
plaster, containing several aromaties, the marjo- 
ram, afiapuKos, in particular. 

AMARACUS, Origanum majorana — a. Tomen- 
tosus. Origanum dictamnus. 

AMARITIES, Bitterness. 

AMARITUDO, Bitterness. 

AMAROR, Bitterness. 

AMARUCACHU, Polyanthes tuberosa. 

AMA'RUS, Picros, 'bitter.' (F.) Amer. The 
bitter principle of vegetables is the great natural 
tonic, and hence bitters, as they are termed col- 
lectively, belong to the class of tonics. Several 
are used in medicine; the chief are, gentian, 
quassia, cinchona, calumba, dog-wood, <fec. 

AMASE'SIS, Amasse'sis, from a, privative, and 
finaiKTu, 'mastication.' Mastication when im- 
peded or impracticable. 

AMATORIUM, Lacuna labii superioris. 

AMATORII. Oblique muscles of the eye. 


rior oculi. 

AMAUROSIS, Ohfusca'tia, Offusca'tio. from 
afinvooi, 'obscure,' Drop serene, Gutta sere'na, 
Catarac'ta nigra, Paroj/sis amauro'sis, Immubil'- 

itae pupil'lcB, Suffu'sio nigra, Black cat'aract, 
Nervous blindness, (F.) Gontte-sereine, Cataructe 
noire, Anopticonervie (Piorry). Diminution, or 
complete loss of sight, without any perceptible 
alteration in the organization of the eye; gene- 
rally, perhaps, owing to loss of power of the 
optic nerve or retina — Optic ancesthe'sia. Coun- 
ter-irritants are the most successful remedial 
agents, although the disease is always very diffi- 
cult of removal, and generally totally incurable. 

Amaurosis Dimidiata, Hemiopia — a. Diurnal, 
Nyctalopia — a. Nocturnal, Hemeralopia — a. Im- 
perfecta, Hypo-amaurosis. 

AMAUROTIC, Amaurot'icus, (F.) Amauro- 
tique ; same etymon. Affected with amaurosis. 

Amaurotic Cat's Eye, Galeamauro'sis. A 
name given b} r Beer to an amaurotic affection, 
accompanied by a remarkable change of colour 
in the pupil, which presents, apparently in the 
fundus of the eye, a lighter tint, yellowish or 
brownish yellow, instead of its natural clear 

AMA'ZIA, from a. privative, and nafa, 'breast.' 
A monstrosity, in which there is absence of one 
or both breasts. 

AMBARUM, Ambergris — a. Cineritium, Am- 

AMBE, from au(5aivo>, 'I ascend;' Ambi. A 
superficial eminence on a bone. Also, an old 
surgical machine for reducing dislocations of the 
shoulder : the invention of which is ascribed to 
Hippocrates. It is no longer used. — -Hippo- 
crates, Scultetus. See Crista. 

AMBER, Succinum — a. Liquid : see Liquid- 
amber styraciflua. 

AM'BERGRIS, 'gray amber,' Ambor, Ambar, 
Ambra gri'sea seu cinera'cea seu ambrosiaca, 
Ambarum, Suc'cinum cine'reum seu gri'seum, 
Am'bartim cineri"tium. A concrete substance, 
of the consistence of wax, cineritious colour, 
studded with yellow and blackish spots, and ex- 
haling a very pleasant odour. It seems highly 
probable that ambergris is formed in the intes- 
tines of the whale, and voided with its excre- 
ment. Like all aromatic substances, ambergris 
is slightly anti-spasmodic and excitant; but it is 
oftener employed as a perfume than as a medi- 

AMBIA. A liquid, yellow bitumen, the smell 
and virtues of which are similar to those of the 
resin tacamahaca. It is obtained from a spring 
in India. 

AMBICUS, Alembic. 

AMBIDEX'TER, AmpMdex'ius, from ambo, 
'both,' and dexter, 'right.' One who uses both 
hands with equal facility. Celsus says the sur- 
geon ought to be *non minus sinistra quam dex- 
trd promptus.' One of the aphorisms of Hippo- 
crates says, that a woman is never ambidexter. 
This is a mistake. 

AMBILiEVUS, Ampharisteros. 

AMBIOPIA, Diplopia. 


AMBLOMA, Abortion. 

AMBLOSIS, Abortion. 

AMBLOSMUS. Abortion. 

AMBLOTHRIDION, see Abortion. 


AMBLOTICUS, Abortive. 

AMBLUS, a^0\vi, 'obscure.' Hence, 

AMBLYAPH'IA, from a///?Au?, 'obscure,' and 
( a<t>r„ 'feeling.' Dulness of the sense of touch. 

AMBLYOGMOS, Amblyopia. 

AMBLYO'PIA, from a/jfihvs, 'obscure,' and 

w\p, 'the eye.' Amblyos'mos, Ambhjog'mos, Amph- 

j o'pia (so called by some, according to Castelli, 

I! ob ignorantiam GrceccB lingua), Hebetu'do cisus, 



A M M I 

ess 0/ tight, (F. ) Amblyopic, Vnt faxble. 

First degree of Amaurosis. — Hippocrates. 

Amblyopia Crbpobcul iris, Hemeralopia — a. 
Dissitorum, Myopia— a. Meridiana, Nyctalopia — 
a. Proslmorum, Presbytia. 

AMBLYOSMOS, Amblyopia, 

AMBOLICUS, Abortive. 

AMBON, ufiiuv, 'the raised rim of a shield or 
dish.' from amJutiw, 'I ascend.' The fibro-oarti- 
laginous rings or oowrrelsts, which surround the 
articular cavities, as the glenoid cavity of the 
pcapula, the acetabulum, Ac, have heen so called 
—Galen. See Crista, 

AMBOR, Ambergris, 

AMBRA, Baeeinum — a. Arubrosiaca, Amber- 
gris—a. Cineraoea, Ambergris. 

AMBRAGRISE \. Ambergris. 

AM BEE BLANO, Snooinam (album) — a. 
Janm . Snocinnm. 

AMBEETTE, Hibiscus abelmosohus. 

ambrosioides — a. Anthelmintiea, Chenopodium 
anthelminticum — a. Botrys, Chenopodium botrys. 


AMBRO'SIA, from a, privative, and Pporos, 
,.' Food which makes immortal, or the 
Food of immortals. Food of the gods — Homer. 
• •, Chenopodium botrys. 

Ambrosia Elatior, see A. Trifida. 

Ambrosia Mabit'ima, Ord. Composites. A 
plant which grows on the shores of the Levant, 
and has a pleasant, bitter and aromatic taste. It 
U given in infusion, SI a tonic and antispasmodic. 

AMBR08IA Tkif'ida, Horseweed, Richweed, 
lint, fforsecane, Bilterweed, Great or Tall 
■ •/, Wild IF' in j). This indigenous plant is 
found in low grounds and along streams, from 
Canada to Georgia, and west to Louisiana and 
Arkansas. It is an annual, and flowers in Au- 
gust and September. An infusion has been re- 
Commended locally in mercurial salivation. 

Ambrosia Elatior, Ragweed, is said by Dr. R. 
E. (trifhth to have much more developed sensible 


AM Bl I. A NCE (P.), from ambulare, 'to walk.' 
A military hospital attached to an army, and 
moving along with it. Also called Hdpital am- 

AMBULATIO, Walking. 

AM'BDLATORY, Am'bulan*, Ambuiati'vus, 
Am'balntive, (P.) Ambulant. A morbid affection 
is said to be 'ambulatory/ (P.) ambulant, when 
it skips from one part to another; as Erisypiles 
ambulants, Ac. when blisters are applied suc- 
ily on different parts of the body, they are 
called VSsicatoiret ambulant*. 

AMBULEIA, Cichorium intybus. 

AM'BULL The Brachmanie name for an In- 
dian aquatic herb, which appears to belong to 
the family Lysimaehim. The whole plant has a 
imelL Its decoction has a very bitter 
taste, and is an excellent febrifuge. It is also 
taken in milk in cases of vertigo. 

SU8, Flatus fmrio'sus, Vare'ni. Painful, mo- 
bile, and periodica] tumours affecting different 
part-, which were ones eonsidered as the effect 
of rery subtile vapours — Michaelis. Their na- 
ture is by no means clear. 

AMB1 STIO, Morn. 

AMBD ll'A. Pareira bravs, 

IMBUYA BMBO. A rery beautiful, creeping 
aristolochia of Brazil, the decoction of which is 
exhil • fully in obstructions. It is also 

in fumigation and in baths as a tonic. 

.1 'IK. An; ;na. 

AMELI. A Malabar shrub, belonging to a 
genus unknown. The decoction of its leaves is 
said to relieve colic. Its roots, boiled in oil, are 
used U) repel tumours. 

AMI- LI A. Apathy. 

AM KM A. Ainenorrhcea, Emmenagogues. 

AMENOMA'NIA A hybrid word, formed 
from the Latin anainwi, 'agreeable,' and ftavta, 
'mania.' A gay form of insanity. 

AMENORRHEA, Param ' nia obstruetio'nis, 
Menecryph'ia, '/• nosta'sia, Apopkretx'i*,Arrha '", 
Defec't ms sou Reman' no <vn Ueeaa'tie wten'sium, 
Menstrua'tia impedi'ta, hchome'nia, Ame'niu, 
Ametroka'inia, from u, privative, n>)v, 'a month/ 
and ptu), 'I flow.' Suppression of the menses, (P.) 
Suppression dn /lux menstrual. This suppression 
is most commonly symptomatic, and hence the 
chief attention must be paid to the cause. Usu- 
ally, there is an atonic state of the system ^''lie- 
rally, and hence chalybeates and other tonic- are 

Two great varieties of Amenorrhoea are com- 
monly reckoned. 1. A. Emansio'nis, Email's;, , 
nn ii'xittm, Menis'ehesis, 3fenos / cheeis, M< nstrua'tio 
n tin' ia. Men' stum reten'tio, Retention of the men- 
SS9| when the menses do not appear at the usual 
age : and, 2. Suppres'sio Men'tn'nm sen Menetru- 
atio'nis, Antenorrhos'a Suppressiu'nis, Interrup'tio 
menstruatio'nis, Menstrua tio Buppres'sa, in which 
the catamenia are obstructed in their regular 
periods of recurrence. See Emansio Mensium, 
and Menses. 

AmbborrhcRA Difficilis, Dystnenorrhoea — a. 
Emansionis, see Amenorrhoea — a. Hymenica, see 
Ilyraenicus — a. Partialis, Dysmeuorrhoea — a. 
Suppressionis, see Amenorrhoea. 

AMENTIA, Dementia: see, also. Fatuitas, and 
Idiotism — a. Senilis, Dementia of the aged. 

AM Ell, Amarus — a. de Bceuf, Bile of tho 

AMERICAN, see Homo. 


AMER TUME, Bitterness. 

AM'ETHYST, Amethys'tua, from a, privative, 
and fjuOvu), 'I am drunk.' A precious stone, to 
which the ancients attributed the property of 
preventing drunkenness. It was also nsed as an 
anti-diarrbceic and absorbent. — Pliny, Albertus 

AM KTH'YSUM, Amethys'tum, (remedium.) 
Same etymon as the last. A remedy for drunk- 

AMFT11IA, Intemperance, from a, privative, 
and fierpov, 'measure.' Also, absence of the 
uterus : from a, privative, and pr)Tou, 'the uterus.' 

AMKTKolLEMIA. Amenorrhoea, 

roi, 'pure,' and avSos, 'a flower,') Melan'thium 
museevtox'icum, Helo'nias erythrosperm'a, Fh/- 
poison, FaU-poison, indigenous. Ord. Melan- 
tbacern. A narcotic poison, not Used, however. 

AMICULF.M. Amnios. 

.1 \fIDOLIQUE, from amidum, 'starch.' Ap- 
pertaining or belonging to starch. M. Feral 
calls midieaments amidoliques those, which o^c 
their general properties to starch. 

AMIDON, Amvlum — a. lodun d\ Starch, 
Iodide of. 
AMIDONNlItRE, Ammi maculatum, 

AMIDUM, Amvlum. 

AM IN. FA. \nime. 

AMI.VFT.M YINUM, Amine'an wine, highly 

esteemed as a st achic. Virgil distinguishes it 

from the Falernian.- Pliny, M 1 trobius, Ac 

AMM \. Truss. 

AMMI, Ammi majus sen eieutafo'lium sen 
„ lulja'rc tea /Julia', Am'mius murica'ta, A'pium 



ammi, Bishop's weed. The seeds of this plant 
are aromatic and pungent. They are said to be 
carminative and diuretic, and are tonic and sto- 

Ammi Bolbert, Ammi — a. des Boutiques, see 
Sison ammi — a. Cicuta?folium, Ammi — a. Majus, 
Ammi — a. Verum, see Sison ammi — a. Vulgare, 

AMMION, Hydrargyri sulphuretum rubrum. 


AMMISMUS, Psammismus. 

AMMOCHO'SIA, Ammocho'sis, from appoi, 
'sand,' and ^tw, 'I pour.' Arena'tio. Putting 
the human body in hot sand, for the cure of 

AMMO'NIA, Ammo'nia or Ammoni'acal gas, 
Volatile al'kali, Al'cali ammoni'acum caus'ticum, 
A. volat'ile caus'ticum, Ammo'nia caus'tica seu 
pura, Ammoni'acum, A. caus'ticum, Gas ammo- 
■niaca'le, Jlephi'tis urino'sa, (F.) Ammoniaque, 
Air alcalin, Gaz ammoniacal. An alcali, so called, 
because obtained principally by decomposing sal 
ammoniac [muriate of ammonia) by lime. This 
gas is colourless, transparent, elastic, of a pun- 
gent, characteristic odour, and an acrid, urinous 
taste. It turns the syrup of violets green, and 
its specific gravity is 0-596. When inhaled, 
largely diluted with common air, it is a powerful 
irritant. When unmixed, it instantly induces 

Ammonia, Acetate of, Solution op, Liquor 
ammoniae acetatis — a. Arseniate of, Arseniate of 
ammonia — a. Benzoate of, Ammonia? benzoas — 
a. Bicarbonate of, see Ammoniae carbonas — a. 
Caustiea liquida, Liquor ammoniae — a. Chloro- 
hydrate of. Ammonia? murias — a. Citrate of, Am- 
moniae citras — a. Hydriodate of, Ammonium, io- 
dide of — a. Hydrocblorate of, Ammonia? murias 
— a. Hydrosulphuretof, Ammoniae sulphuretum — 
n. Iodide of, see Iodine — a. Liniment of, strong, 
Linimentum ammonia? fortius — a. Liquid, Liquor 
Ammonia? — a. Muriatica, Ammonia? murias — a. 
Nitrata, Ammonia? nitras — a. Phosphate of, Am- 
monia? phosphas — a. Praeparata, Ammonia? car- 
bonas — a. Pura liquida, Liquor ammoniae — a. 
Solution of, Liquor ammonia? — a. Solution of, 
stronger, Liquor ammonia? fortior — a. Tartrate 
of, Ammonia? tartras. 

AMMO'XIAC, GUM, Ammoni'acum (Ph. U. 
S.), Gum'mi Ammoni'acum, Armoni' acum, Jlato'- 
rium, (F.) Ammoniac, Gomme ammoniaque, so 
called from Ammonia in Lybia, whence it is 
brought. A gum-resin, the concrete juice of 
Dore'ma ammoni'acum, of Persia: a species of a 
genus allied to Ferula; and also the gum-resin 
of Fer'ula tingita'na. The latter is the ammo- 
niacum of commerce. It is in irregular, dry 
masses and tears, yellow externally, whitish 
within. Its odour is peculiar, and not ungrate- 
ful : taste nauseous, sweet, and bitter. It forms a 
white emulsion with water: is soluble in vinegar; 
partially so in alcohol, ether, and solutions of the 

Gum ammoniacum is expectorant, deobstru- 
ent(?), antispasmodic, discutient, and resolvent. 
It is chiefly used, however, in the first capacity, 
and in the formation of certain plasters. 

Two varieties are met with in the market, 
GuttcB ammoni'aci, the best; and Lapis ammoni'- 
tici. the more impure. 

AMMONIAC.E NITRAS, Ammoniae nitras— 
a. Sulphas, Ammonia? sulphas. 

AMMOXIACUM, Ammonia, Ammoniac gum 
—a. Hydrochloratum ferratum, Ferrum ammoni- 
atum — a. Suecinatum, Spiritus ammonia? foetidus 
— a. Volatile mite, Ammonia? carbonas. 

AMMONIA ACETAS, Liquor ammonia? ace- 
tatis — a, Arsenias, Arseniate of Ammonia. 

Ammonia Ben'zoas, Ben'zoate of Ammonia. 
A salt formed by the union of benzoic acid and 
ammonia, which has been prescribed for the re- 
moval of gouty depositions of urate of soda in 
the joints. It is regarded as a good diuretic. 

Ammonle Bicar'bonas, Bicarb'onate of Am- 
mo'nia, is officinal in the Dublin Pharmacopoeia. 
It has the same properties as the next, and is 
more palatable. Dose, six to twenty-four grains. 

Ammonite Car'bonas, A. Subcar'bonas seu Ses- 
quicar'bonas, Salt of bones, Sal Os'sium, Sal Fn- 
lig"inis, Salt of wood-soot, Salt of urine, Volatile 
Sal Ammoniae, Baker's salt, Al'cali volat'ile 
aera'tnm, A. volat'ile ammoniaca'le, A. volat'ile 
ex sale ammoni'aco, Ammoni'acum volat'iie mite, 
Ammo'nium carbon'icum seu subcarbo'neum, Car- 
bonas ammo' nice alkali' nus seu incomple'tus seu 
superammoni'acns, Hypocar'bonas ammo' nice. Fib- 
res salis ammoni'aci, Sal cornu cervi volat'ile, Sal 
volat' His sal is ammoni'aci, Concrete or mild volatile 
alkali, Carbonate or Subcarbonate of ammonia, 
Ammo'nia prcepara'ta, Sal volat'ile, Smelling salt, 
(F.) Carbonate d' ammoniaque, Sel volat i I d'An- 
gleterre, (Amnion, muriat. fibj ; Crete. Ibiss. Sub- 
lime — Ph. U. S.) A white, striated, crystalline 
mass; odour and taste pungent and ammoniacal: 
soluble in two parts of water : insoluble in alco- 
hol : effloresces in the air. It is stimulant, ant- 
acid, diaphoretic, and antispasmodic. Dose, gr. 
v to xv. 

Carbonate of ammonia is at times used to form 
effervescing draughts. One scruple saturates six 
fluidrachms of lemon juice, twenty-six grains of 
crystallized tartaric acid, and twenty-six grains 
of crystallized citric acid. 

Carbonate of ammonia is the usual smelling 
salts. When a few drops of Liquor Ammonia? 
fortior are added to it coarsely powdered, and 
some volatile oil, it forms Preston Salts. 

Ammonia Citras, Citrate of Ammo'nia. Made 
by saturating lemon or lime juice, or a solution 
of citric acid, with carbonate of ammonia. Dose, 
f j|-ss. It may be made extemporaneously, and 
taken in an effervescing state. Seventeen grains 
of citric acid, or half a fluidounce of lemon juice, 
will be sufficient for thirteen grains of carbonate 
of ammonia. 

Ammonite Ccpro-sulphas, Cuprum ammonia- 

Ammoni.e et Ferri Murias, Ferrum ammo- 
niatum — a. Ferro-citras, Ferri ammonio-citras — 
a. Hydriodas, Ammonium, iodide of — a. Hydro- 
chloras, Ammonia? murias — a. Hydrosulphure- 
tum, Liquor fumans Boylii — a. Hypocarbonas, 
Ammonia? Carbonas. 

Ammoni.e Mu'rias (Ph. U. S.), Mu'riate 01 
Chlorohydrate of Ammo'nia, Hydrochlo 'rate oj 
Ammo'nia, Chlorohydrate of Ammo'nia (Ph. U. 
S.), Sal Ammoni'acum, Sal Ammo'niac, Sal 
Ammoni'acus, Ammo'nia Muriat'ica, Ammo'nium 
JIuria'tum. Ammo'nim Hydrochlo'ras, Chlorure'- 
tum Ammo'nicum, Sal Armeni'acum, Salmiac, 
Fuli'go Al'ba Philosopho' rum, J/isadir, (F.) 
Muriate d' Ammoniaque, Sel Ammoniac ou Arme- 
niac. A saline concrete, formed by the combi- 
nation of muriatic acid with ammonia. In Egypt 
it is manufactured in large quantities by sublim- 
ing the soot formed by burning camel's dung — 26 
pounds of the soot yielding 6 pounds. It is also 
prepared, in great quantities, by adding sulphuric 
acid to the volatile alkali obtained from soot, 
bones, &c., mixing this with common salt, and 

Muriate of ammonia is inodorous, but has an 
acrid, pungent, bitterish, and urinous taste. 
Three parts of cold water dissolve one. Solu- 
ble also in 4*5 parts of alcohol. It is aperient 
and diuretic, but seldom used internally. Ex- 



AMOMUM it is employed, producing cold during 
its solutioa, in inflammations! Ac. 

AmMO'MFJC Xitkas, Nitrate of Ammonia, AV - 
Ltili volat'ili uitra'tum, Sal ammoni' aeut nitro* tut, 

Aniuin' nin nitra'ta, Nitrai mn moni' ac(B, Nitrum 
ilammans, (F.) Nitrate d' Ammouiaque. A Bait 

oomposed of nitric acid and ammonia. It is diu- 
retic ami deobstrueat (f) Externally, it is dis- 
cutient and sialogogue, X 

AmM"'ni.K PhoSPSAS, Amuio'ninm phoephor'i- 
ciim, Phosphate of Ammo'nia, (F.) Phoephate 
cP Ammouiaque. This salt lias been recommended 
S8 an excitant, diaphoretic, and diseutient. More 
recently, it has been proposed as a new remedy 
for gout and rheumatism, Sfl a solvent of one aeid 
calculus, and for diseases, acute and chronic, con- 
nected directly with the lithic acid diathesis. 

Ammoni i: Sbsquicarbomas, A. earbonas. 

Ammo'kIjB Sulphas, Sulphate of Ammo'nia, 
Sulpha* ammoni'aees, Ammo'nium tulphu'rieum, 
Ai'leali volat'ili vitriola'tum, Sal Ammoni? aeuin 
secre'tuni Glaubbri, Sal eeere'tut Glaubbb^ Vi- 
triolum ammomiaea . 1 . Sulphate aVAmmoni- 
aquM. Funned by adding sulphuric acid either to 
sal ammoniac or boammoniacal Liquor. Its proper- 
ties are like those of the muriate of ammonia. 

Ammo'mjb Sulphubb'tum, Sul'phuret of Am- 
mo' nia, Hgdrooul'phuret of Ammo'nia, Ammo'- 
nium Sulf hydra' turn, llydrosui phot Ammonias, 
SpiPitu* Bboui'bi, Sp. fuman* Bkgli'ni, Sul- 
phure'tum ammoni'atm, Sp. talis ammoni' act *»/- 
phura'tue, Liquor ammo'nii hydrothi'odie, Hydro- 
eulphure'tum Ammo'nieum, Hydrotulph. ammonia- 
' juo'eum, Hydrog"eno-oulphure , tum ammo- 
ni 1 acts liq'uidum, Spir'itue eul'phurie volat'ili*, 
Hepar tulphurie oolat'ili, Boyle's or Begtixk's 
fuming tpirit, (F.) Hydroeulphate sulfure d'Am- 
moniaque, Liqueur fumante de Boyle, Sulfure 
iydrogini o? Ammonietque, Hydrosulfure d'Am- 
tnoniaque. Odour very fetid: taste nauseous and 
styptic; colour dark yellowish green. It is re- 
puted to be sedative, nauseating, emetic, disoxy- 
genizing (?) and has been given in diabetes and 
- of increased excitement. Dose, gtt. vij 

to gtt. XX. 

Ammo'NUB Tartras, Al'kali volat'ile tartari- 
. Sal Ammoni' acum tarta'reum, Tar'tarue 
ammo'nia, Tartrate of Ammo'nia, (F.) Tartrate 
(T Ammoniaque. A salt composed of tartaric acid 
and ammonia. It is diaphoretic aud diuretic; 
but not much need. 

AMMONIAQUE, Ammonia — a. Arseniate a", 
Arseniate of ammonia — 'i. Hydrotulfure d', Am- 
nion isa sulphuretum — a. Hydroeulfate sulfure d', 
Ammonisa sulphuretum — a. Liquide, Liquor ain- 
monisa — ". Pkotphate d', Ammonisa phosphas— 
a. Sulfure hydrog£n4 </', Ammonias sulphuretum. 

AMMONII IODIDUM, Ammonium, iodide of 
— a. [oduretum, Ammonium, iodide of. 

prum ammoniatam. 

AMMO'NION, from a/1/105, 'sand.' An ancient 
eollyriam of great virtue in many diseases of the 
1 which was said to remove sand from 
that organ. 

ammonia — a. Carbonicum, Ammonias earbonas — 
a. llvdroiudicum, Ammonium, iodide of — a. Io- 
flatnm, Ammonium, iodide of. 

Ammo'biOM, [oDIDfl or, lod'idum seu Iodure'- 
luiu ammonii, Ammonium loda'tum sen Hydro- 
iod'icnm, Hydri'oda* ammo'nia, Hydri'odate of 
ammo'nia. This salt is formed by saturating 
liquid hydriodie <u-id wit 1 1 eauetie ammonia, and 
evaporating the solution. It is applied in the 
form of ointment (3J ad adipi* 3J) in lepra, 
psoriasis, Ac. 

tiale, Forrum ammoniatum — a. Muriatuin, Am- 

monias murias — a. Phosphoricum, Ammonias 
phosphas — a. Bubearboncnm, Ammonias earbonas 
— a. Snlt'hydratnm, Ammonia' sulphuretum — a. 
Salphnricnm, Ammonia' sulphas. 

AMNA ALCALIZATA, Water, mineral, sa- 

A MNBMOSYNE, Amnesia. 

AMNE'SIA, Amu' si' in, Amnemot'yni, from a, 
privative, and /iv^t?, 'memory.' Mo'ria 
His amne'eia, Obliv'io, ltecollectio'iiiu jactu'ra, 
I. Dysesthesia inter' na, Debil'itae memo' ria, Me- 
mo' ria debs' to, {¥.) Perte de Memoire, 'loss of 
ij memory.' By some nosologists, amnesia con- 
stitutes a genus of diseases. By most, it is con- 
sidered only as a symptom, which may occur iu 
many diseases. 

AMNESTIA, Amnesia, 

AM NIC, Amniotic. 

AMNIO ACID, Amniotic acid. 

AMNIITIS, Amnitis. 

AMNIOCLEP'SIS, from amnios, and rXnm#, 
'I steal or take away clandestinely.' Premature 
escape of the Liquor amnii. 

AMXlURlllKE'A, from amnios, and pcu, 'I 
flow.' A premature discharge of the liquor amnii. 

A M ' N I X, Am'nioe, Amnium, Hym'nium, 
Charta virgin' ea, Armatu'ra, Agni'na membra' na, 
Pellu'cida membra' no, Galea, Scepar'num, Indu'- 
n'ttm, Aiitir'iduui, Membra' na foetum invol'vens. 
]| The innermost of the enveloping membranes of 
ij the foetus: — so called because first observed in 
ii the sheep (?), (a/ivos, 'a sheep.') It is thin, trans- 
i parent, perspirable, and possesses many delicate 
( colourless vessels, which have not been injected. 
It is generally considered to be produced by a 
fold of the external layer of the germinal mem- 
brane, rising up, and gradually enveloping the 
embryo. Its external surface is feebly united to 
the chorion by areolar and vascular filaments. 
Its inner surface is polished, and is in contaot 
with the body of the foetus and the liquor amnii. 

AMXIOT'IC, Amniot'icus, Amnio, Am'nicus, 
(F.) Amniotique ou Amnique. Relating, or ap- 
pertaining, to the amnios. 

AMXIOT'IC ACID, Ac"idum am'nicum seu 
iiiiiiiiot'icum. A peculiar acid, found by Yauque- 
lin and Buniva in the liquor amnii of the cow. 

AMNIQUE, Amniotic. 

AMNI'TIS, Amnii' tie, from amnion and ids, 
'inflammation.' Inflammation of the amnion. 

AMtEXOMA'XIA, from amaenu*, 'agreeable,' 
and mania. A form of mania in which the hal- 
lucinations are of an agreeable character. 

AMOME FAUX, Sison amomum. 

verum, Alpin'ia eardamo'mum, Caro'pi, Mato'hia 
Cardamo'mum, Eletta'ria Cardamo'mum, I'ania- 
tno'mum Minus, Lesser, True, or Officinal Car'da- 
mom, (F.) Oardamome dc la Cote de Malabar, 
Cardamome. Ord. Zingiberaeem. The Bruit of 
this East India plant — Cardamomum, (Ph. I . B.), 
C. Malabar en' ei — has an agreeable, aromatic 
odour, and a pungent, grateful taste. It U car- 
minative and stomachio: but is chiefly used to 
give warmth to other remedies. It is called Amo- 
mi8. Dose, gr. v to ^j. 

The Amo'mum Cardamo'mum of Linnaeus, ('/>ix- 
ter or Hound Cardamom of Sumatra, .Java, and 
other islands eastward of the Bay of Bengal, 
yields the round Cardamom, Cardamo'mum ro- 
tun'dum, of the shops. The fruits, in their native 
clusters or spikes, constituting the Amo'mum ro-'xitiu, are rarely met with. 

AMOMUM CURCUMA, Curcuma longa. 

Amomum Qalamga, Maranta galanga. 

Amomum Obahum Paradisi, A. maafimum, 
Cardamo'mum majut %6U piper a' turn, Meleguet'ta, 
Maniguetta. Greater cardamom Beeds — -Qrana 

Paradi'ei, Grains of Paradise, (F.) Urainea d& 




Paradis — resemble A. cardamoraum in properties. 
The}" are extremely hot, and not much used. 

Amomum, Great-winged, Amomum maximum 
— a. Hirsutum, Costus. 

AMOMDM Max'imum, Great-xcinged Amomum, 
yields the fruit known in commerce by the names 
Java or Nepal Curdamoms, Bengal Cardamoms j 
of the Calcutta market, &c. — Pereira. 

Amomum Montanum, see Cassuuiuniar — a. Pi- 
menta. see Myrtus pimenta — a. Racemosum, see 
A. cardamomura — a. Sylvestre, see Cassuinuniar 
— a. Zedoaria, Ksempferia rotunda — a. Zerumbet, 
see Cassumuniar. 

Amomum Zin'giber, Zin' giber officinale seu | 
album seu nigrum seu commu'ne, Zin'ziber, Gin- 
ger, (F.) Gingembre. The block and white ginger, 
Zin'ziber fuscum et album, Zin' giber (Ph. U. S.), 
are the rhizoma of the same plant, Zin'giber offi- 
cinale, the difference depending upon the mode 
of preparing them. 

The odour of ginger is aromatic ; taste warm, 
aromatic, and acrid. It yields its virtues to alco- 
hol, and in a great degree to water. It is car- 
minative, stimulant, and sialogogue. 

Preferred Ginger, Zingib'eris Radix Condi'ta, 
Radix Zingib'eris condi'ta ex India alla'ta, is a 
condiment which possesses all the virtues of 

Ginger-Beer Powders may be formed of white 
sugar %} and ^ij, ginger gr. v, subcarbouate of 
soda gr. xxxvj. in each blue paper: acid of tar- 
tar ^iss, in each white paper — for half a pint of 

Oxley's Concentrated Essence of Jamaica Gin- 
ger is a solution of ginger in rectified spirit. 

AMOR. Love. ' , 

AMORGE. Amurca. 

AMORPHUS, Anhistous, Anideus. 

AMOSTEUS, Osteocolla. 

AMOUR, Love — a. Physique, Appetite, vene- 

AMOUREUX, (muscle.) Obliquus superior 

AMPAC, Amp'acus. An East India tree, the 
leaves of which have a strong odour, and are 
used in baths as detergents. A very odoriferous 
resin is obtained from it. 

AMPAR. Succinum. 

AMPELOCARPUS. Galium aparine. 


'the vine,' and o\Ws. "appearance,') Virgin' iuu 
Creeper, American Ivy, Fivc-leaced Ivy, Woody 
Climber. An indigenous climbing plant. Ord. 
Vitacese ; which flowers in July. It has been 
advised as an expectorant. 

AMPELOS, Vitis vinifera — a. Agria, Bryonia 
alba — a. Idaea, Vaccinium Vitis Idaaa — a. Melasma, 
Tamus communis — a. Oinophorus, Vitis vinifera. 


AMPHARISTEROS, Ambilce'vus, 'awkward:' 
from a/iipi, and apiarepos, 'the left.' Opposed to 


AMPIIEMERUS, Quotidian. 

AMPHI, a/npi, 'both, around, on all sides.' 
Hence, a prefix in many of the following terms. 

AMPHIAM. Opium. 

AMPIIIARTHRO'SIS, from aiKpt, 'both,' and 
ao^puxn?. ' articulation.' A mixed articulation, 
in which the corresponding surfaces of bones are 
united in an intimate manner by an intermediate 
body, which allows, however, of some slight mo- 
tion. Such is the junction of the bodies of the 
vertebrae by means of the intervertebral car- 
tilages. This articulation has also been called 
Diarthmse de Continuite. The motion it permits 
is but Blight. 



tro'idomala'cia, from amphiblestro'ides (membra- 
na), 'the retina, and pakaxia, 'softening.' Mol- 
lescence or softening of the retina. 

AMPHIBRAX'CHIA, from apifri, 'around.' 
and i3pay%ia, 'the throat.' Amphibron'chia. The 
tonsils and neighbouring parts. — Hippocrates. 


AMHID'EUM, from an<pi, 'around,' and Sew, 
'I bind.' The outermost margin of the cervix 
uteri ; the Labium uteri. 

AMPHIDEXIUS, Ambidexter. 

AMPillDIARTHRO'SIS, from a^t, 'about.' 
and diapS-puxTis, ' moveable joint.' A name given 
by Winslow to the temporo-maxillary articula- 
tion, because, according to that anatomist, it 
partakes both of ginglvmus and arthrodia. 


AMPHIMERIXA, Pertussis— a. Hectica, Hec- 
tic fever. 


AMPIIIOX. Maslach. 

AMPHIPLEX, Perineum. 

A M PH I PX E DMA, Dvspnoea. 

AMPHISMELA, Knife, double-edged. 

AMPHISMILE. Knife, double-edged. 

AMPHISPHAL'SIS. Circumac'tTo, Circum- 
ductio, from a^'pi, 'around,' and cr^aAAw, 'I wan- 
der.' The movement of circumduction used in 
reducing luxations. — Hippocrates. 

AMPHODIPLOPIA, see Diplopia. 

AM'PHORA, per syncop. for nptpt^ootvs, from 
ap<pi, 'on both sides,' and 0row, ' I bear :' because 
it had two handles. A liquid measure among 
the ancients, containing above seven gallons. 
Also called Quadrant' al, Cera'mium, Ceram'nium, 





AMPLEXUS, Coition. 

AMPLIFICATIO. Platynosis. 

AMPLIOPIA, Amblyopia. 

AMPOSIS. Anaposis. 

AMPOULES. Essera. 

AMPUL'LA, (L.) 'A bottle.' A membranous 
bag, shaped like a leathern bottle. See Cavitas 
Elliptica. In pharmacy, a receiver. 

Ampulla Chylifera seu Chyli, Recepta- 
culum chvli. 

AMPULLA, Phlyctamte. 

AMPUTATIOX, Amputa'tio, from ampntare, 
amputation, (am, 'around,' and putare, 'to cut 
off.') Apot'ome, Apotom'ia. The operation of 
separating, by means of a cutting instrument, a 
limb or a part of a limb, or a projecting part, as 
the mamma, penis, &c, from the rest of the body. 
In the case of a tumour, the term excision, re- 
moval, or extirpation, (F.) Resection, is more com- 
monly used. 

Amputation, Circular, is that in which the 
integuments and muscles are divided circularly. 

Amputation, Flap, (F.) A. d lambeaux,' is 
when one or two flaps are left so as to cover the 
stump when the limb has been removed. 

Amputation, Joint, Exarticula'tio, (F.) A. 
dans Varticle ou dans la contiguite des me.mbres, 
is when the limb is removed at an articulation. 

Each amputation requires a different process, 
which is described in works on operative surgery. 

Amputation, Spontaneous, see Spontaneous. 

AMULET, Amuletura. 

AMULETTE. Amuletum. 

AMULE'TUM, from amoliri, 'to remove.' An 
Amulet, Periam'ma, Apotropee'um, Periap'ton, 
Phylacte'rion, Apotcles' ma, Exarte'ma, Alexica'- 



cum, Pr(e*ervati'vum, Probasca'ninm, Probascan'- 
Hum, (F.) Amulette. Any image or substance 
worn about the person for the purpose of pre- 
venting disease or danger. 

AMI It CA, Aninr'ijii, afiopyn, from aptpyw, 'I 

it.' The mart or grounds remaining after 

olives have been crushed and deprived of their 

oil. It has been need u an application to ulcers. 

AMURGA, A in urea. 

A V 1 SA, Bfusa Paraduriaea. 

A .M \ i K, Amycha, Amyx'ia. Excoriation, Sca- 

AMYCHA, Amyee, 

AMYCTICA, from apvaau), 'I lacerate.' Me- 
dicines which stimulate aud veUicate the skin. — 

Caditis Aurelianus. 

A VTBOLJB, Fecula. 

AMTDRIASI3, Mydriasis. 

AMYEL'IA, from a, privative, and /jtuAoj, 
'marrow.' A monstrous formation, in which 
there is an absence of spinal marrow. 

AMY E L< IN KK' V I A ; from a. privative, ^utAoj, 
'marrow/ and reepev, 'nerve.' Paralysis or de- 
ficient action of the spinal marrow. 

AMYELOTROPH'IA, from a, privative, fivcUs, 
'marrow/ and rpoiprj, 'nourishment.' Atrophy 
of the spinal marrow. 

AMYG'DALA, same etymon as Amyctica: 
because there seem to be fissures in the shell. 
The Ahum, (I, of which there are two hinds : 
Amyg'dalm ama'rce and A. dulces, (F.) Amandee 
amiree, and A. douce*, obtained from two varie- 
ties of Amyg'dalu* cotnuiiuii* or A. eati'va, Al- 
mond tree, (Old Eng.) Amylller, a native of Bar- 
bery. Onl. Amygdaless. Sex. Syst. Icosandria 

The taste of Amygdala dnlcis is soft and sweet ; 
that of A. amara, bitter. Both yield, by expres- 
sion, a sweet, bland oil. The bitter almond con- 
tain- Prnssic acid. They are chiefly used for 
forming emulsions. 

Amvg'dal.k Pasta, Almond Paste, a cosmetic 

for softening the skin and preventing chaps, is 

made of bitter almond*, blanched, ]|iv, trkite of 

; rune water, and rectified spirit, equal 

part-, or as much as is sufficient. 

Amvg'dai.k Pi.ackn'ta. Almond Cake, is the 
cake left after the expression of the oil. The 
groiutd Almond Cake, Almond Powder, Fari'na 
Amygdala' rum, is used instead of soap for wash- 
ing the hands. 

AmtobalA, Tonsil. Also, a lobule or promi- 
j of the cerebellum, so called from its resem- 

blance to an enlarged tonsil. This and its fellow 
of the opposite side form the lateral boundaries 
of the anterior extremity of the valley, and are 
in great part covered by the medulla oblongata. 
The Amygdala are seated on either side of the 
uvula, in the fourth ventricle. 

.1.1/ TO'DALA TOME, Amygdalat'omue, from 
iXij, 'tonsil.' and tout), 'incision:' impro- 
perly Toneillitome, — Toneil-guiUotine, (F.) Se'ca- 
t'lir dee Amygdala. An instrument for Bnrgery 
and excising a portion of the tonsil. See Kao- 
tuii'i . 

AMYGDALATUM, Emulsio amygdala). 

A 1/ YODALB, Tonsil. 

AMYG'DALIN, Amygdali'num, Amygdali'na, 
Atnyg'daline. A principle contained in bitter 
almonds, which is prepared by pressing the 
bruised almonds between heated plates to sepa- 
rate the fal oil : boiling the residue in alcohol ; 
evaporating, and treating with ether, which pre- 
cipitates the amygdalin in a crystalline powder. 
A weak Bolution of it, under the influence of a 
small quantity of emulein or tynatapee, which 
constitutes the larger portion of the pulp of al- 
mond-, yields at once oil of bitter almonds and 
hydrocyanic acid. 

AMYGDALITIS, Cynanche tonsillaris. 
AMYGDALUS, see Amygdala. 

Amvgdai.i s COMMUNIS, see Amygdala. 

AmTODALDS Pkk'sica, Per'sica vulija'ris. The 
common p>,tch-tree, (F.) Picker. The leaves and 
- have been considered laxative. Th. y are 
bitter and aromatic, and have been given in he- 
maturia, nephritis, &c. The fruit is one of the 
pleasant and wholesome Bummer fruits, when 
ripe, The kernels. Amyg'dalm Per'eicm, as well 
as the flowers, contain prassie acid. 

Peach Brandy in distilled from the fruit, and 
is much used in the United States. 

AMYGM08, Scarification. 

A.MYL, Ainvlimi. 

AMYLA'CEOUS, Amyla'cene, (F.) Amy lace', 
from amylum, 'starch.' Having the nature of, 
or containing starch. Starchy, starch-like. 

AMTXACSOU8 Bodies. Corpora amvlacea. 


AMYLBNE, see Potato oil. 

AMYLEON, Amylum. 

AMYLI IODIDIM. Starch, iodide of— a. 
loduretum, Starch, iodide of. 

AMYLLIER, see Amygdala, 

AMYLOID BODIES, Corpora amvlacea. 

A'MYLUM, A'midum, Fee'ula, Amy V eon, 
Amyl'ion, Am' y Ion, from a, priv., and pvXtj, 'a 
mill,' because made without a mill. Starch, (Old 
BUg.) Amyl, (F.) Amidnn, Amylun. Starch of 
Wheat, Fari'na, Trit' ici fari' na, Amyhim tritic"- 
eum seu Trit'ici, Fee'ula Amyfa'cea, is inodorous 
and insipid, white and friable. It is insoluble in 
cold water and alcohol, but forms with boiling 
water a strong, semi-transparent jelly. It is de- 
mulcent, and is used as an emollient glyster, and 
as the vehicle for opium, when given per auum. 
Starch is met with abundantly in all the cereal 
grains, in the stalks of many of the palms, in 
some lichens, and in many tuberous roots, par- 
ticularly in the bulbs of the orchis. 

Amylum Ambbicahdm, see Arrow-root — a. 
Cannaceum, Tous-les-mois — a. Iodatum, Starch. 
iodide of — a. Manihoticum, see Jatropha manihot 
— a. Marantaceum, Arrow-root — a. Palmaceum, 
Sago — a. Querneum, Racahout. 

A'MYON, from a priv., and pvov, 'a muscle,' 
Emnscula'tus. Without muscle. Applied to tho 
limbs, when so extenuated that the muscles can- 
not be distinguished. 

AMYOSIS, Synezizis. 

AJIYOSTHENI'A, (F.) Amyoethinie, from a, 
priv., pvtav, 'a muscle,' aud a^cvof, 'strength.' 
Defect of muscular contraction. 

of the bladder. — Piorry. 


Am'vius Elkmif'era, (a. intensive, and pvpov, 
'an odoriferous ointment,' because it enter.- into 
the composition of such.) (F.) Bateamier ou 
Baumicr E/emifere. Ord. Terebinthaceae. Sex. 
Syst. Octandria Monogynia. The plant whence 
it has been supposed Gum Ki.'kmi is obtained. 
This gum or resin is brought from the Spanish 
Bast and West Indies. Brazilian Elemi^nceord- 
ing to Dr. Royle, is produced |, v Idea leicaribm : 
Mexican Elemi, by Bla'pkrium elemiferum ; and 

Manilla Elemi, by ( 'una' rium coiiimu'iie. It is 
sottish, transparent, of a pale whitish colour, in- 
clining a little to green, and of a strong, though 
not unpleasant smell. It is only need in oint- 
ments and plasters, ami is a digestive. 

Amvkis ( in i: ADr.Nsis, see A. opobalsamum. 

Am'ybis Opobal'samdm, (P.) BaUamier on 
Baumier dc la Meeque, Hal'sem, Bal'enmum. The 
plant from which is obtained the OV 
Mecca, BaFeamum genui'num antiquo'rum sen 
Asiut'icum seu Juda'icum seu Syriucum s>eu e 




Jlfeccd seu Alpi'ni, Balsameloe'on, JSgyptiacum j 
Bal'eamum, Coccobal'samum, Oleum Bal'sami, 
Opobal'samitm, Xylobal'samum, Balsam or Balm 
of Gilead, (F.) Baume Blanc, B. de Constantino- i 
pie blanc, B. de Galaad, B. da Grand Caire, B. \ 
Vrai, Terebinthine de Gilead, T. d'Egypte, T. du i 
Grand Kaire, T. de Judee. A resinous juice ob- 
tained by making incisions into Amyris opobal'- 
bamuin and A. Gileaden'sis of Linnaeus, Balsa- 
vtaden'dron Gileaden'se of Kuntb. The juice of 
the fruit is called Carpobal'samum ; that of the 
wood and branches Xylobal 1 samum. It has the 
general properties of the milder Terebinthinates. 
Amyris Tomentosum, Fagara octandra. 
AMYRON, Carthamus tinctorius. 
A'MYU.S, from a, privative, and ftvs, 'a mouse, 
a muscle.' Weak or poor in muscle. 

AMYX'IA, from a, privative, and pvl-a, 'mu- 
cus.' Deficiency of mucus. 

AMYXIS, Amyce, Scarification. 
ANA, ava, a word which signifies 'of each.' 
It is used in prescriptions as well as a and aa, its 
abbreviations. As a prefix to words, it means 
'in,' 'through,' 'upwards,' 'above,' in opposition 
to cata; — also, 'repetition/ like the English re. 
Hence, — 

ANAB'ASIS. from avafrvavw, t I ascend.' The 
first period of a disease, or that of increase. — 
Galen. See Augmentation. 
ANABEXIS, Expectoration 
ANABLEP'SIS, from ava, 'again,' and PXeiru), 
' I see.' Restoration to sight. 

ANABOL.E'ON, Anabole'us, from ava(3a\\u>, 'I 
cast up.' An ointment for extracting darts or 
other extraneous bodies. 

ANAB'OLE, from ava, 'upwards/ and /?aAAw, 
' I cast.' Anago'ge, Anaph'ora, Anacine'ma, 
Anacine'sis. An evacuation upwards. An act 
by which certain matters are ejected by the j 
mouth. In common acceptation it includes, ex- 
spuition, expectoration, regurgitation, and vomit- 

ANABROCHIS'MUS, Anabron'chismus, from 
ava, 'with,' and fipo%os, 'a running knot.' An 
operation for removing the eye-lashes, for exam- 
ple, when they irritate the eye, by means of a 
hair knotted around them. — Hippocrates, Galen, 
Celsus, &c. 

ANABRONCHISMUS, Anabrochismus. 
ANABROSIS, Corrosion, Erosion. 
ANACAMPSEROS, Sedum telephium. 
tcapSiu, 'heart/ from the resemblance of the fruit 
to a dried heart,) Acaju'ba occidenta'lis, Cassu'- 
vium pomiferum, Cashew (W. Indies.) (F.) Ac'- 
fijou. Ord. Terebinthaceae. Sex. Syst. Ennean- 
dria Monogynia. The Oil of ib£, Cashew Nut, 
O'leum Anacar'dii, (F.) Huile d' Acajou, is an 
active caustic, and used as such in the countries 
where it grows, especially for destroying warts, 
Anacarptum Orientals, Avieennia tomentosa. 
ANACATHAR'SIS, from ava, 'upwards,' and 
Ka^aipeiv, 'to purge.' Purgation upwards. Ex- 
pectoration. See, also, Repurgatio. 

Anac^tharsis Catarkhalis Simplex, Ca- 

ANACESTOS. Incurable. 
ANACHREMPSIS, Exspuition. 
ANA CINEMA, Anabole, Exspuition. 
ANACINESIS, Anabole. Exspuition. 
ANACLASIS. Repercussion. 
ANACLINTE'RIUM. Anaclin'trum, Recubi- 
to'rium, from avajcAu'w, 'I recline.' A long chair 
or seat, so formed that the person can rest in a 
reclining posture. 
ANACLINTRUM, Anaclinterium. 

ANACOLLE'MA, from ava, 'together, and 
koWuu, 'I glue.' A healing medicine. 
Anacollkmata, Frontal bandages. 
ANACOLUP'PA. A creeping plant of Mala- 
bar, the juice of which, mixed with powdered 
pepper, passes in India as a cure for epilepsy, 
and as the only remedy for the bite of the naja. 
It is supposed to be Zapa'nia nodifio'ra. 
ANACOLUTHIE, Incoherence. 
ANACOMIDE, Restauratio. 
ANACTESIS, Restauratio. 
ANACTIRION, Artemisia. 
ANACYCLEON, Charlatan. 
mis Pyrethrum — a. Pyrethrum, Anthemis pyre- 


ANADIPLO'SIS, from ava, 'again/ and <5i7tAocd, 
'I double.' Epanadiplo'sis, Epanulep'sis, Bedu- 
plica'tio. The redoubling which occurs in a 
paroxysm of an intermittent, when its type is 
double. — Galen, Alexander of Tralles. 
ANADORA, Ecdora. 

ANAD'OSIS, from ava<5i<5w«i, 'I give up/ 
Purgation upwards, as by vomiting. Congestion 
of blood towards the upper parts of the body. 
Anadosis seems also to have occasionally meant 
chylification, whilst diadosis meant capillary nu- 
trition, — Hippocrates, Galen. 

ANAD'ROME, from ava, 'upwards/ and hptfuo, 
' I run.' The transport of a humour or pain from 
a lower to an upper part. — Hippocrates. Also, 
the globus hystericus. See Angone. 

ANjEDGT'US, from av, privative, and aiooia, 
'organs of generation.' A monster devoid of 
sexual organs. 

ANiEMATOPOE'SIS, from a, av, privative, 
'aifia, 'blood/ and itoieu), 'I make.' Impeded or 
obstructed hajmatosis. 

ANiEMATO'SIS, Anhasmato'sis. from a, av, 
privative, and 'aifia, 'blood.' Defective haoma- 
tosis or preparation of the blood. Anaemia. 

ANiE'MIA, Exce'mia, Ance'masis, Anhce'mia, 
AnhcBinato'sis, Polyanhce'mia, Ancsmo'sis, Olige- 
mia, Oligohoe'mia, HypcB'mia, Hydroa^'min, Hy- 
dremia, Ane'mia, (F.) Anemie, Anhemic, Anhe- 
matosie,Polyanhemie, Hydrohemie, Exsaiiguin' ity, 
Blood' lessness : from a, priv., and 'ai/.ia, 'blood.' 
Privation of blood ; — the opposite to plethora. It 
is characterized by every sign of debility. Also, 
diminished quantity of fluids in the capillary ves- 
sels : — the opposite to Hyperemia. — The essential 
character of the blood in anaemia is diminution 
in the ratio of red corpuscles. 

ANjE'MIC, Anem'ic, Ance'micus ; same ety- 
mon. Appertaining or relating to anaemia, — as 
an "ancemic person." See Exsanguious. 

AN^MOCH'ROUS,from a, av, privative, 'aipa, 
' blood/ and XP 0U > ' colour.' Devoid of colour, 

AN.EMOSIS, Anaemia. 

ANJEMOT'ROPHY, AnamotropVia : from av, 
privative, *aiu«, ' blood/ and rpoipo, ' nourish- 
ment.' A deficiency of sanguineous nourishment. 
— Prout. 

ANJEMYDRTA, Anhydraemia. 
ANiESTHE'SIA, Ancesthe'sis, Insensibil'itas, 
Analge'sia, Parap sis expers, (F.) Anesthesie ; 
from a, privative, and aioduvoftai, ' I feel.' Pri- 
vation of sensation, and especially of that of 
touch, according to some. It may be general or 
partial, and is almost always symptomatic. 

Anaesthesia Gustatoria, Ageustia — a. Lin- 
guae, Ageustia — a. Olfactoria, Anosmia — a. Optic, 

AN^ESTHESIS, Anaesthesia. 
ANiESTHET'IC, Anesthet'ic, Ancesthet'icuB, 




(F.) Anesthetigue ; same etymon, as Ana>*thenia. 
Relating tu privation of feeling, as an " anaethetit 
agent;" one thai prevents feeling. The term is. 
now, almost restricted to agents, which produce 
such effect by being received into the Inngs in 
the form of vapours or gases, ami passing with 
the blood to the nervous centres on which their 
action is exerted. Perhaps, as a general rule, 
the intellectual faculties first feel their influence, 
— a soil of intoxication supervening, with imper- 
fect power of regulating the movements: the 
sensory ganglia become afterwards or simulta- 
neously affected, sensation and motion are 
suspended, and ultimately, if the quantity in- 
haled be sufficient, the medulla oblongata has its 
actions suspended or destroyed, respiration ceases, 
and death is the consequence. Difl'erent agents 
have been used as anaesthetics by way of inhala- 
tion — sulphuric ether, chloroform, chloric ether, 
compound ether, ohlorohydrio and nitric ethers, 
hisulphuret of carbon, chloride of olefiant gas, 
benxin, aldehyde, light coal-tar naphtha, Ac; 
but the iir.-t four are alone employed. They have 
been, and are, greatly used in serious surgical 
operations, and during parturition; and in such 
is well as in many diseases, especially of a 
painful nature, produce the most beneficial results. 

AN .EST 1 1 BT I Z A'TION. ( F. ) Anesthitieation : 
same etymon. The condition of the nervous sys- 
tem induced by anaesthetics. 

ANAGAL'LIS, from ava, and yaXa, 'milk/ 
from its power of Coagulating milk. A. arven'uis 
A. I'h'i nic"ea, Red Pim'pernel, Scarlet Pimper- 
nel, Skepherd'e Sun-dial. Nat. Ord. Primulacea?. 
8* t. Sj/et. Pentandria Bfonogynia. (F.) Mouron 
rouge. A common European plant; a reputed 
antispasmodic and stomachic. 

Another species — Anagal'lit c&ru'lea is a mere 
variety of the above. 

An w; u.i. is Aquatica, Veronica Beccabunga. 


AN \ ■ ; ARGARISMUS, Gargarism, 


ANAGLTPHE, Calamus scriptorius. 

ANAGNOSTAKIS, see Ophthalmoscope. 

ANAGOGE, Anabole, Rejection. 

AN LGB \PIIE. Prescription. 

ANAG'YRIS, Anag'yrie fce'tida, Anag'yrus, 
Ar'npnn. Stinking Bean Trefoil. (F.) Anagyre, 
from mrayu, ' I lead upwards' [ ? ]. Native of Italy. 
The leaves are powerfully purgative. The juice 
is said to be diuretic, and the seeds emetic. — Di- 
osoorides, Panlns. 

ANAGYRU8, Anagyris. 

ANAL. Ana' lie. That which refers to the 
anus : — as Anal region, Ac. 

ANAIi'DIA, (P.) Analdie; from a, av, priva- 
tive, and mXStiv, ' to grow.' Defective nutrition. 

ANALEM8IA, Analepsia. 

ANALENTIA, Analepsia. 

ANALEP'SIA, Analep'eis, Analen'tia, Ann- 
lent'eia, from ava, 'fresh,' and Xa^iiavtiv .. (future 
Xri^ou'ii.) 'to take.' Restoration to strength after 
den. A kind of sympathetic epilepsy, 
originating from gastric disorder. See Epilepsy. 
. the support given to a fractured extre- 
mity : — Appen'tio. — Hippocrates. 

AN UJ'.l'SIS. Convalescence, Restauratio. 

A N A L E P'T I C A, Anapeye'tiea, PeyeMot'iea, 

Re/ecti'va, Reficien'tia, Reetanran'tia, Analep'- 

tame etymon. Reetorative medicines or 

food : such U are adapted to recruit the strength 

during convalescence; — as sago, salep, tapioca, 

jelly, Ac. 
Avalkptig Pills. .Iamcs's, consist of Juste*' j ,-, (iiiiii Ammoniaeum, and I'ilU of Alote 
and Myrrh, equal parts, with Tinetur* of Cantor, 
sufficient to form a mass. 

ANALGE'SIA, Analgia, from a, av, priv., and 
aXyos, 'pain.' Absence of pain both in health 
and disease. See Amvsthesia. 

ANALGIA, Analgesia. 

AN'ALGGUH, Anal'oow*; from ava, 'again/ 
and Xvyoi. 'a description.' A part in one orga- 
nized being which has the same function as an- 
other part in another organized being. 

A N A U K30US T [88U BS, see Tissues. 

ANA I, ns is. Atrophy. 

ANALTESIS, Restauratio. 

ANALTHES, Incurable. 

AN AM I KT A COCCULC s. Menispermnm coo- 

'' cuius — a. Peniculata, Menispermnm COCOUhu. 

ANAMNES'TIO, Anamnet , tienm t from ava, 
'again,' and iu/jvijcko), ' I remember.' A medi- 
cine for improving the memory. See, also, Com- 

ANANAS, Bromelia ananas — a. Aculeata, Bro- 
melia ananas — a. Americana, Bromelia pinguin 
— a. Ovata, Bromelia ananas — Wild, broad- 
leaved, Bromelia pinguin. 

ANANAZIP'TA. A word formerly scrawled 
on amulets to charm away disease. 

ANANDKI'A, from «, ui\ privative, and avvp, 
'a man.' Want of manliness. Impotence in the 
male. The state and act, of emasculation. 

ANANEO'SIS, Renova'tio } from ava, ' 'again,' 
and veos, 'new.' Renovation or renewal. — as of 
the blood by the chyliferous vessels and lym- 

ANAPETI'A, Expan'sio mea'tunm, from ava, 
and neraoi, * I dilate.' A state opposite to the 
closure of vessels. — Galen. 

ANAPHALANTI'ASIS,Anaj 3 AaZanfo / ma,fTom 
ava<pa\avTitis, ' bald.' Loss of the hair of the eye- 
brows. Also, baldness in general. 

ANAPHALANTOMA, Anaphalantiasis. 

ANAPHE, Anaphia. 

ANAPH'IA, Anhaph'ia, An'apkS, from a, av, 
priv., and 'atj>ri, 'touch.' Diminution or privation 
of the sense of touch. 

ANAPHLASMUS, Masturbation. 

ANAPHONE'SIS, from ava, * high.' and tpiovrj, 
'voice.' Exercise of the voice : vociferation: — 
the act of crving out. Vociferu'tio, Clamor. 

ANAPHORA. Anabole. 

ANAPHRODIS'IA, from a, priv., and A0po- 
AiTT), ' Y enus,' Defec't us Vcn'eris. Absence of the 
venereal appetite. Sometimes used for Impotence 
and Sterility. 

ANAPHRODISIAC, Antaphrodisiac. 

ANAPUROMELI, Mel despumatum. 

ANAP'LASIS, Anaplatm'tu, from avazXacau), 
' I restore.' Confirma'tio, Repo»i"tio. Restora- 
tion. Union or consolidation of a fractured bone. 
— Hippocrates. 

ANAPLASMATIO, Anaplastic. 

ANAPLASMUS, An aplasia. 

ANAPLAS'TIC, Anaplae'ticue ; same etymon. 
An epithet applied to the art of restoring lost 
parts or the normal shape. — as 'Anaplastic Sur- 
gery.' See Morioplastiee. Also an agent, that 
increases the amount of plastic matter — fibrill- 
in the blood; Anaplaemat'ie. 

ANAPLERO'SIS, from avazXrjpou), (ava. and 
nXjjpow,) ' I fill up.' Repletion. That part of 
surgical therapeutics whose object is t<> supply 
parts that are wanting. Also, Appoeition or 

ANAPLEROTICU8, Incarnans. 

ANAPLEU'SIS, Fluetua'tio, Fnnata'tio, from 

avaxXciv, (ava and jrAea)), ' to swim above.' The 
looseness or Shaking of an exfoliated bone ; or of 
a carious or other tooth, Ac. — Hippocrates, 

AN iPLOSIS, Growth. 

AN kPNEU8IS, Respiration. 

ANAPNOE, Respiration. 




AXAPXOEXU'SI, from anapnoe, 'respira- 
tion.' and vovaos, disease.' Diseases of the re- 
Bpiratory organs. 

ANAPNOMETER, Spirometer. 

AN A POD LS IS UTERI. Retroversio Uteri. 

ANAPODISMUS UTERI. Retroversio Uteri. 

phyllum peltatum. 

AXAP'OSIS, Am'posis, from ava, 'again,' and 
r.oais, 'drink.' A recession of humours from the 
circumference to the centre of the body. — Hippo- 

AXAPSE, Auailte. 

AXAPSIA. Caecitas. 

AXAPSYCTICA. Analeptiea, 

AXAPTYS1S. Expectoration. 


AXARCOTIXA. Xarcodne. 

AXARRHEGXU'MIXA. from avappvyvvpu, 'I 
break out again.' Fractures are so called when 
they become disunited; as well as ulcers when 
they break out afresh. 

AXARRHI'XOX, from ava, 'upwards,' and 
piv, ' the nose.' That which returns by the nose. 
— Gorra?us. 

According to others, that which issues by the 
skin : from ava. and pivog, ' the skin.' 

ANARRHINUM, Sternutatory. 

AXARRHOZ'A. Anar' rho'e,Anarrh<>' pia, Anas' - 
tasia, from ava, ' upwards,' and pzu>, 'I flow. Af- 
flux of fluid towards the upper part of the body. 

AXARRHOPIIE. Absorption. 

A X A R R II U P H E X U'S I, from anarrhophe, 
1 absorption,' and vovoos, ' disease.' Diseases of 
the absorbents. 


AXARRHOPIA, Anarrhoea. 

AXAR'THRUS, from av, priv. and apSpov, 'a 
joint.' Without a joint. One who is so fat that 
his joints are scarcely perceptible. — Hippocrates. 

ANASAR'CA, from ava, ' through,' and oap$, 
aapKos. 'the flesh.' Anasnrch'a, Catasar'en, 
Aqua intercua seu inter cutem, Hyposar'ca, Hy- 
drops cellula' ris tot i' us cor'poris, H. Anasar- 
ca seu inter' cua seu subcuta' neus seu cellulo'sns seu 
cut'i' neus seu tela? cellulo'scB, Katasar'ca, Episar- 
cid'ium, Hy'deros, Hydaton'cus, Hyderon'cus, 
My d ran' city, Hydrosar'ea. Hydroder' ma, Hydrop' - 
isis vera, Sar' cites, Polyfym'phia, Hyposarcid' ins, 
Leucophlegma'tia, General dropsy, Dropsy of the 
cellular membrane, (F.) Anasurque. Commonly, 
it begins to manifest itself by swelling around the 
ankles: and is characterized by tumefaction of 
the limbs and of the soft parts covering the ab- 
domen, thorax, and even the face, with paleness 
and dryness of the skin, and pitting when any 
of these (especially the ankles) are pressed upon. 
Like dropsy in general, Anasarca ma}' be active 
or passive ; and its treatment must be regulated 
by the rules that are applicable to general dropsy. 
At times, the symptoms are of an acute character, 
and the effusion sudden, constituting Derma- 
toch'ysis, Hydroj)* Anasar'ca acu'tus, CEde'ma 
cal'idum, (E. acu'tum, (E./ebri'le of some. See 

Anasarca Hystericus-, Anathymiasis — a. 
Pulmonum Hydropneumonia, OZdema of the 
Lun^ — a. Serosa, Phlegmatia dolens. 

AXASARCIIA. Anasarca. 

ANASA A' QUE, Anasarca. 

AX AS ISM US, Concussion. 

AXASPADIA, see Anaspadiseus. 

AXASPA'DIAS, Epispa'dias, from ava, 'up- 
wards,' and aKau), ' I draw.' One whose urethra 
opens on the upper surface of the penis. 
AXASPADISIS. see AnaspadiaMis. 

AXASPAD ISM US. see Anaspadiams. 

AXAS'PASIS. Ana spasm' us. from avaa-aw, 'I 
contract.' Eetrac'tio. Contraction, especially of 

the bowels. The condition is called Anaspa'd in, 
An"-}>ad'isis, and Anaspadis'mus. — Hippocrates. 

ANASPASMUS, Anaspasis. 

AXASSA. Bromelia ananas. 


AXASTASIS, Anarrhoea. Also, restoration 
from sickness. Convalescence. 

AXASTCECHEIO'SIS, from ava, 'again,' and 
GToi%tiov, 'element.' Peelernenta'tio. Resolu- 
tion of a body or its parts into their elements. — 

AXASTOMO'SIS, from ava, 'with,' and cropm, 
'a mouth.' Inosada'tio seu Reu'nio vaso'rnm, 
Exanastomo'sis, Concur'sus, (F.) Abouchement, 
Communication between two vessels. By con- 
sidering the nerves to be channels, in which a 
nervous fluid circulates, their communication like- 
wise has been called Anastomosis. By means of 
anastomoses, if the course of a fluid be arrested 
in one vessel, it can proceed along others. 

Anastomosis Aneurism atic a. Telangiectasia 
— a, Jacobson's, see Petrosal ganglion. 

AXASTOMOTTC, Anastomot'icus, (F.) Anan- 
tomotique. Same etymon as anastomosis. Be- 
longing or relating to anastomosis. 

AS ASTOXOTICS, Anastomot'ica. Same ety- 
mon. Certain medicines were formerly so called, 
which were believed to be capable of opening tho 
mouths of vessels, as asperients, diuretics, etc. 

(F.) Artere collaterale interne, A. collaterale du 
coude, is a branch of the brachial artery, which 
comes off a little above the elbow, and bestows 
branches to the brachialis internus, to the under 
edge of the triceps, and to the muscles, ligaments, 
etc, about the elbow joint. See, also, Articular 
arteries of the knee. 

AXASTROPHE UTERI, Inversio uteri. 

AX AT AS TS. Extension. 

AXATHEMA. Tabula votiva. 


AXATHOMIA. Anatomy. 

ANATHYMIAMA, Amuhvuiiasis. 

AXATHYMI'ASIS, Anathymiama, from svc, 
'upwards,' and Bvpta,- 'fumigation.' (Ede'ma fu~ 
gax, (Ede'ma spas'ticum, (Ede'ma hyster'icum, 
Anasar'ca hyster'icum. An uncertain and tran- 
sient swelling or inflation, said to have been ob- 
served at times in nervous and hysterical per- 
sons. It also means Exhalation, Fumigation, and 


AXATOME, Anatomy — a. Animata, Physio- 

AXATOMIA, Anatomy — a. Animalis, Zootomy 
— a. Comparata, Zootomy — a. Comparativa, Zo- 
otomy — a. Viva. Physiology. 

AXATOJIIE, Anatomy — a. Chirurgicale, see 
Anatomy — a. des Regions, see Anatomy. 

AXAT'OMISM, Anatomism' us. Same etymon 
| as Anatomy. The doctrine of those who look 
into the arrangement of parts, to explain all the 
phenomena of the organism. 

AXAT'OMIST, Anatom'icu8. One who occu- 
1 pies himself with anatomy. One versed in ana- 

AXAT'OMY, Anat'ome, Anatom'ia,A?iathom'ia, 
Prosec'tio, from ava, and rtpvttv, 'to cut,' (F.) 
Anatomic The word Anatomy properly signifies 
dissection ; but it has been appropriated to the 
1 study and knowledge of the number, shape, 
situation, structure, and connection — in a w<>H, 
of all the apparent properties of organized bodies. 
Anatomy is the science of organization. Some 
have given the term a still more extended accep- 
tation, applying it to every mechanical decom- 
position, even of inorganic bodies. Thus, Crys- 
| tallography has been termed the Anatomy of 




crystallized minerals. Anatomy has also been 
called MorphoVogy, Somatology, Somatotomy, 
Organology, etc. It assumes different names, 
according as the study is confined to one organ- 

Lng, or to a species or class of beings. | 
Thus, Androt'omy, or Anthropotomy, or Anthro 
pog'raphy, or AuthropoeomatoVoay, is the Ana- 
Sfan; Zootomy, that of the other Bpeoies 
of the animal kingdom: and Veterinary Anat- 
omy is the anatomy of domestic animals; but 
when the word is used abstractly, it means //</- 
man Anatomy, and particularly the study of 
the organs in a physiological or healthy state. 
Phy*iolog"ical Anatomy is occasionally used to 
signify the kind of anatomy which investigates 
structure with a special view to function. The 
Anatomy of the diseased human body is called 
Patholog"ical or Morbid Anatomy, and when ap- 
plied to Medical Jurisprudence, For en' tic Anat- 
omy. Several of the organs possessing a simi- 
larity of structure, and being formed of the same 
tissues, they have been grouped into Systems or 
Genera of Organs: and the study of, or acquaint- 
ance with, such systems, baa been called 0* neral 
Anatomy, Hittol'ogy, or Morphot'omy, whilst the 
stii'ly of each organ in particular has been termed 
Detcriptivt Anatomy, Anthropomorphol'ogy. Hit- 
is, however, more frequently applied to 
the Anatomy of the Tittuet, which is called, also, 
Tex'tural and Microacop'ic Anatomy, Micrano- 
tom'ia, see Histology. Descriptive Anatomy has 
been divided into Skeletol'ogy, which comprises 
Ottcol'ogy and Syndetmol'ogy j and into Sareol'- 
ogy, which is subdivided into Myol'ogy, NeuroV- 
ogy, Angiol'ogy, Adenol'ogy, Splanchnology, and 
1>. rmol'ogy. Sur'gical Anatomy, Medico-Chirnrgi- 
col Anatomy, Topograph 1 'ical Anatomy, Rc'gional 
Anatomy, (F.) Anatomic Ghirurgicale, A. dee J!t : - 
giont, is the particular and relative study of the 
bones, muscles, nerves, vessels, £tc, with which 
it is indispensable to be acquainted before per- 
forming operations. Comparative Anat'omy is 
the comparative study of each organ, with a view 
to an acquaintance with the modifications of its 
structure in different animals or in the different 
- ofanimals. Transcendent' al or Philocoph'- 
ical Anatomy inquires into the mode, plan, or 
model upon which the animal frame or organs 
arc formed : and Artifi'cial Anat'omy is the art 
of modelling and representing, in wax or other 
substance, the different organs or different parts 
of the human body, in the sound or diseased state. 
Phytotomy is the anatomy of vegetables, and 
Picto'rial Anatomy, anatomy artistically illus- 

Anatomy, see Skeleton — a. Artificial, see Ana- 
tomy — a. Comparative, see Anatomy, Zootomy — 
a. Descriptive, see Anatomy — a. Forensic, see 
Anatomy — a. General, see Anatomy — a. Human, 
Bee Anatomy — a. of Man, see Anatomy — a. Me- 
dico-Chirurgical, see Anatomy — a. Microscopic, 
see Anatomy — a. Morbid, see Anatomy — a. Path- 
ological, see Anatomy — a. Pathological, micros- 
eopic, see Histology — a. Philosophical, see Ana- 
tomy — a. Physiological, see Anatomy — a. Picto- 
rial, see Anatomy — a. Practical, see Dissection — 
a. Regional, see Anatomy — a. Surgical, see Ana- 
tomy — a. Textural, see Anatomy — a. Topogra- 
phical, see Anatomy — a. Transcendental, see 
Anatomy — a. Veterinary, see Anatomy. 
ANATON, Boda. 
AN \ rREPSI8, Restauratio. 
AN" \ rRESIS, Perforation, Trepanning. 
A.\ ITRIBE, Friction. 
ANATRIPSIS, Friction. 
ANATRIP80I/0GY, Anatriptolog"ia, Ana- 
triptolog"ia, from ai irpufif, 'friction,' and Xoyoi, 
'a discourse.' A treatise on friction as a re- 

AXATRIPTOLOGIA, Anatripsology. 
A N A T R X ,_X a t r u m, Soda. 
AXAT'ROPE, from ava, 'upwards,' and rptiru, 
'I turn.' Subversion. A turning or subver- 
sion or inverted action of the stomach, charac- 
terized by nausea, vomiting, etc. — Galen. Wo 
still speak of the stomach turning against any 
ANAUDIA, Catalepsy, Mutitas. 
AN AX YK IS. Rumez acetosa. 
ANAZESI8, Ebullition. 
ANAZOTURIA, see Urine. 
ANC1IA. Haunch. 
ANCHILOPS, yEgilops. 
ANCHONE, Angone. 
— a. Inoarnata, A. Officinalis — a. Lyoopsoides, A. 

Anciu'sa Officinalis, A. Anguatifo'Ha scu 
Tncarna'ta seu Lycoptoi'dee, Alca'na, Li nana 
Bavin. Buglot'sum tylvet'tri, Oj)h-"inal or Garden 
Al'kanet or Bnglots, (Old Eng ) Langdebe/j Ord. 
Boraginesa. Sex. Sy*t. Pcntandria Monogynia. 
(F.) Bugloee. A native of Great Britain. The 
herb was formerly esteemed as a cordial in me- 
lancholia and hypochondriasis; but it is now 
rarely used. It is also called Buglot'ea, Bugfo*'- 
siun anguetifo'lium majus, B. vulya're majus, B. 
nut i' nun. 

ANCHU'SA TlNCTO'RIA, Alcnn'na spn'ria, Dyers 
Bug/o88, Ane'binm, Buglae'sum Tineto'mm, Li- 
thosper'mum villo'xum, Dyer's Al'kanet, (F.) Or- 
canette. A European plant. The medical pro- 
perties are equivocal. It is used to give a beau- 
tiful red colour to ointments. 
ANCHYLOSIS, Ankylosis. 
AXCISTROX, Hamulus. 
AXCLE. Astragalus, Malleolus. 
AXCLER, Malleolus. 
AXCLET, Malleolus. 
ANCLIFP, Malleolus. 
ANCLOWE, Malleolus. 
AX CO LIE, Aquilcgia vulgaris. 
AXCOX, Elbow, Olecranon. 
AXCOXAD, see Anconal Aspect. 
AXCOXAGRA, Pechyagra. 
AXCO'XAL, from ayKuv, 'the elbow.' Rela- 
ting, or appertaining to the elbow or the olecranon. 
Anconal Aspect. An aspect towards the side 
on which the ancon or elbow is situated. — Bar- 
clay. Aneo'nad is used by the same writer ad- 
verbially, to signify 'towards the anconal aspect.' 
ANCON&, Anconeus. 

AXCOXE'US, from «y*wv, 'the elbow.' A term 
once applied to every muscle attached to the ole- 
cranon. Winslow distinguished four — the great t 
external, internal, and small; the first three being 
portions of the same muscle, the tricejts brachia- 
ls. The last has, alone, retained the name. It 
is the Ancone'ns minor of Winslow, the Aneont '«* 
seu Cnbita'li9 Riola'ni of Douglas, the Epicon- 
dylo-Qubita'lis of Chaussier, the Brevit Cu'biti, 
(F.) Anrone. and is situate at the upper and back 
part of the fore-arm. It arises from the external 
condyle of the os humeri, and is inserted into 
the posterior edge of the upper third of the ulna. 
Its use is to aid in the extension of the fore-arm. 
Anconeus Exterhds, see Triceps extensor 
cubiti — a. Interims, see Triceps extensor cubiti 
— a. Major, see Triceps extensor cubiti. 

ANCTE'RES.. Fibula or Clan* by which 
the lips of wounds were formerly kept together. 
— Celsus, Galen. 

AXCT BR] A 8 M US, Infibulation. 
ANCU'BITUS, Petri/ac'tio. An affection of 
the eye, in which there is a sensation as if sand 
I were irritating the organ. 




ANCUXXUEX'TJE. A name formerly given 
to menstruating females. 

ANCUS, Aniens, from ay<wv, 'the elbow.' One 
who cannot extend his arms completely. 

Also, the deformity resulting from a luxation 
of the humerus or fore-arm. — Hippocrates. 

AXCYLE. Ankylosis. 

ANCYLOBLEPHARON, Ankyloblepharon. 

AXCYLO CHE ILIA, Ankvlocheilia. 

ANCYLOCOLPUS, Colpatresia. 

ANCYLOOORE, Ankvlocore. 

AXCYLODERE, Torticollis. 

ANCYLODERIS, Torticollis. 

AXCYLODOXTIA, Ankylodontia. 

ANCYLOGLOSSIA, Ankvloglossia. 

AXCYLOMELE. Ankvlomele. 

ANCYLOMERISMUS, Ankylomerismus. 

AXCYLORRHIXIA, Ankvlorrhinia. 

AXCYLOSTS. Ankylosis. 

AXCYLOTIA. Ankylotia. 

ANCYLOTOMUS, Ankylotomus. 

ANCYRA, Hook. 

AXCYROID CAVITY. Dieital cavity. 


AXD, Breath. 

AXDA. Xative name of a tree of Brazil — ! 
Anda Gotne'sii seu Brasilien'sis seu de Pison, j 
Andassu, Anda-acu, Joanne' sin prince])s. Ord. 
Euphorbiacea?. Sex. St/st. Monoecia Monadel- 
phia. An oil — Oil of Anda — is obtained from 
the seeds by pressure, 50 to 60 drops of which 
act as a cathartic. The fruit is an oval nut, I 
containing two seeds. These have the taste of 
the chestnut; but are strongly cathartic, and 
even emetic. The shell is astringent, and is 
used as such in diarrhoea, etc. 

AXDE, Breath. 

dely is in France, near Gysore, and eight leagues 
from Rouen. The water is cold, and a weak cha- 
lybeate. It is used in chlorosis and abdominal 

AXDERSOX'S PILLS, see Pilulse Aloes et 

AXDIRA IBAI, Geoftnea Yermifuga— a. In- 
ermis, Geoffraea inermis — a. Racemosa, Geoffraea 
inermis — a. Surinamensis, Geoffraea Surinamen- 

AXDRACHAHARA. Sempervivum tectorum. 

AXDRACHXE, Arbutus unedo, Portulaca. 

ANDRALOGOMELE, from avnp, avSpos, 'a 
man/ a, priv., \uyos, 'reason.' and pr)\ov, 'a do- 
mestic animal.' A name given by Malacarne to 
a monster in which he supposed the presence of 
the body of a man with the limbs of a brute. 

AXDRAXATOM'IA, Andrannt'ome, Andro- 
tom'ia, Androt'ome, Anthropot'omy, from avnp, 
genitive avtpos, 'a man/ and tejivuv, 'to cut.' 
The anatomy of man. 

AXDRI'A. Adult age. Manhood. 

ANDRl'A Mu'lier. Midler Hermaphrodit'ica. 
A female hermaphrodite. 

AXDR.OGEX'IA.from avrjp.avSpog, 'a man/ and 
yzvsois. 'generation.' The procreation of males. 
— Hippocrates. 

AXDROG"YXUS, from avvo, avbpoq, 'a man,' 
and ywrj, 'a woman.' A hermaphrodite. An 
effeminate person. — Hippocrates. 

AXDROLEPSIA, Conception. 

AXDROMAXIA, Xvmphomania. 
Sour Tree, &»tr Wood, Elk Tree, Elk Wood, 
Sorrel Wood, Sour Leaf, (F.) Andromede, Andro- 
medier. A small indigenous tree ; Ord. Erica- 
ceae. Sex. Si/st. Decandria Monogynia ; found in 
the Alleghany mountains and the hills and val- 
leys diverging from them, as far as the southern 
limits of Georgia and Alabama; but seldom north 
of Virginia. The sour leaves are refrigerent and 

astringent, and have been used to make a kind 
of lemonade, which has been given in fevers. 

ARDROMEDA Maria'na, Broad-leared Moor- 
wort, Kill-lamb, Lamb Killer, Sta<j<j< rbush. A 
decoction of this American plant is said to have 
been successfully employed as a wash, in a dis- 
agreeable affection — not uncommon amongst the 
slaves in the southern parts of the United States 
— called the Toe Itch, and Ground Itch. — Barton. 

Andromeda Xit'ida, Souricood, Sorrel tree, 
indigenous ; has properties similar to those of 
A. arborea. 

ANDROPOGOX" BICORXIS, Junctus odoratus 
— a. Calamus aromaticus, see Oleum graminis In- 
dici — a. Citratus, Junctus odoratus — a. Citriodo- 
rus, Junctus odoratus, Xardus Indica. 

Andropo'gon Murica'tus, (avnp, avtipos, 'a 
man/ and -rrwyiiiv, 'a beard.') A. squarro'sus, 
Phal'aris zizanoi'des, Agros'tis verticill a' ta. Aaa- 
the'rum murica'tum, Vetive'ria odora'ta, Vittie- 
vnyr, Cuscus. Khns-Khus ; Nat. Ord. Graminese. 
The root of this plant, from Bombay, is aromatic 
and bitterish. It is used as a perfume. It has 
been used as an excitant and diaphoretic. 

Andropogon Xardus, Calamus Alexandrinus, 
Xardus Indica — a. Schoenanthus, Junctus odora- 
tus — a. Squarrosus, A. Muricatus. 

AXDROSACE, Umbilicus marinus— a. Mat- 
thioli, Umbilicus marinus. 

AXDROS^EMUM, Hypericum perforatum. 

AXDROTOMY, Andranatomia. 

AXDRUM. An East India word, latinized 
by Kaempfer, signifying a kind of elephantiasis 
of the scrotum, endemic in southern Asia. 

ANEANTISSEMENT (F.), Yir'ium extiuc'- 
tio. This word is often employed hyperbolically, 
by patients in France, to signify excessive fatigue, 
debility or syncope. 

AXEBIUM, Anchusa tinctoria. 

AXEBUS. Impuber. 

AXECPYE'TUS, from av, for avtv, 'without/ 
and wm, 'I promote suppuration.' That which 
does not suppurate, or is not likely to suppurate. 

AXEGER'TICA, from avtyeipw (ava and tyeipw), 
'I awaken/ The art of resuscitating the appa- 
rently dead. 

AXEILE'MA, Aneile'sis, from avti\et> (ava and 
cjAew), ' I roll up/ Applied particularly to the 
motion of air in the intestines and the tormina 
accompanying it. — Hippocrates. 

AXEILESIS, Aneilema. 

AXEMIA, Anaemia. 

AXEMO'XE, Wind Flower: from avtfios, 'the 
wind/ because it does not open its flowers until 
blown upon by the wind. 

ANEMONE DES BOIS, Anemone nemorosa. 

Anemone Collina, A. Pulsatilla — a. Hepatica, 
Hepatica triloba — a. Intermedia, A. Pulsatilla. 

Anemone Ludovictana, A. patens. 

Anemo'ne Xemoro'sa, Ranun'culus a/bus seu 
nemero'sus, Wood Anemo'uy, (F.) Anemone dea 
bois. Ord. Ranunculaeeae. The herb and flowers 
are poisonous, acrid, and corrosive. They have 
been used as rubefacients. 

Anemo'ne Patens, A. Ludovicia'na, Pulsatil- 
la patetis; indigenous: from Illinois and Wis- 
consin to the Rocky Mountains, is supposed to 
possess similar properties. 

Anemo'ne Praten'sis, A. Sylves'tris, Pulsatil- 
la nigricans seu praten'sis. This plant has si- 
milar properties with the last. It is also called 
Meadow Anemony, (F.) Pulsatille noire, P. des 

Anemo'ne Pulsatilla, A. Colli'na seu Inter- 
me'dia seu Praten'sis seu Rubra, Pulsatilla 
vidgaris, Herba ventis, Nola culina'ria, Pasqne 
flower, (F.) Coquelourde, possesses like properties. 

Anemone Rubra, A. Pratensis— a. Rue-leaved, 





Thalietrum anemonoides — a. Sylvestris, A 

ANEMONY, Anemone hepatiea — a. Meadow, 
Anemone pratensis — a. Wood, Anemone neinorosa. 
ANEMOS, Win .1. 

ANENCBPHALIA, see Aneneephalus. 
A N 1 ■: X C E 1' 1 1 A L II M ' M I A . from a v, privative, 
tyictfaXtt, ' enoephalon,' and aipa, ' blood.' De- 
fect ut blood in the brain. Syncope. 

. from av, priv., tyKt&alos, ' encephalon,' 
and vevpov, ' nerve.' Want of nervous action in 
the enoephalon. 

AXEXCKPHALOTROPH'IA, from av, priva- 
tive, tyesje&oc, ' the encephalon,' and rpotprj, 'nou- 
rishment.' Atrophy of the encephalon. 

INCEPH'ALUS, from av, privative, and 
cyKt<^a\oi, 'brain.' A monster devoid of brain. 
— Bonetus. (i. St. Hilaire. Also, one that has a 
part only of the brain; — Paraceph'alus. The con- 
dition has been called AnencephaV ia. A weak, 
sill v person. — Hippocrates. 
ANENERGIA, Debility. 
Palsy, lead. 

ANEPISCHESIS, Incontinentia, 
ANEPITH YM'IA, from a*, priv., and nitvuta, 
'desire.' Many nosologists have used this word 
for a loss of the appetites, as of those of hunger, 
thirst, venery, «tc. 

Aneimthymia Chlorosis, Chlorosis. 
AXER. aviip, genitive avtpos. A man. 
AXERKT IIIS'IA. Inirritabil'itas, from av, 
priv., and spurns, 'irritability.' Defect of irrita- 
bility. — Swedianr. 

ANER V ISM IE, Paralvsis. 
AXERYTIIROP'SIA, from av, priv., tpvSpos, 
'red.' and in/as, 'vision.' Defective vision, which 
consists in an incapability of distinguishing red. 
AXES IS. Remission. 
AXES HIES IE, Anesthesia. 
gate of phenomena of impaired feeling produced 
especially by the manipulations of the animal 
magnetizer. — Andral. 

ANESTfl ETIC, Anaesthetic. 
A XES THE'SIQ I'E, Anesthetic. 
ANESTHETIZATION, Anesthetization. 
ANESON, Anethum. 
AXES I'M. Pimpinella anisum. 
AXET. Anethum. 
AXE'J'Jf, Anethum graveolens. 
ANE'THI *M, Ane'son, Ane'ton, Ane'thum Fce- 
nic'uhim sen Sege'tum seu Piperi'tum, Foenic'u- 
lum, F. Dulci seu Officinale seu vubja're. Ligus'- 
■ i nic' iilum, Fan'eulum, Fennel or Finckle, 
Mar'athrum, Anet, Sweet Fennel. (Prov.) Spingel, 
(F.) Fenouil on Arm doux. Ord. Umbellifere. 
Sex. Syxt. Pentandria Digynia. The fruit, Fce- 
nic'ulum (Ph. U. S.), has an aromatic odour, and 
warm, sweetish taste. It is carminative. The oil 
— Oleum Fatnicfuli — ib officinal in the Ph. U. S. 
The root is said to be pectoral and diuretic. 
Anethtm, Anethum. 
Anethum GraVKOLENS, Anethum, A. horten'ae, 
Paetina'ca Anethum .-eu Qraveolene, Fer'ula Ora- 
r, hill, (F.) Am ifi, Fenouil puant. A na- 
tive of the south of Europe. The seeds are sti- 
mulant and carminative. A distilled water — 
Aqua ane'thi, Dill-water — is officinal in the Lon- 
don and Edinburgh Pharmacopoeias. Dose, gr. 
xv to 3J. 

Oleum Ane'thi, Oil of DM. (F.) Huile d'Aneth, 
posses-'- the carminative properties of the plant 
Ankthim Pastiraca, Pastinaca Bativa — a. 
Piperitnm. Anethum — a. Segetum, Anethum. 
ANETICUS, Auodyue. 

AXETOX", Anethum. 

ANETUS, Intermittent fever — a. Quartanus, 
Quartan — a. Quotidianus, Quotidian — a. Tertia- 
nue, Tertian fever. 

ANEUBAL'GICON, from a, privative, vcvpov, 
'nerve,' and aXyog, 'pain.' A name given by L»r. 
C. T. Downing to an instrument used by him to 
allay pain in nerves. It is a kind of fumigating 
apparatus, in which dried narcotic and other 
herbs are burnt, the heated vapour being directed 
to any part of the body. 

ANEURIA, Paralysis. 

AN'EURISM, Aneurys' ma, Aneurys' mus, Aneu- 
ris'ma, Cetlma, from avtvpvvtiv, (ava, and cvpvvrn,) 
' to dilate or distend.' Dilata'tia Arteria'rum, 
Ecta'sia, Emburys' am, Exangi'a aneurWma, Ar- 
terieurys'ma, Artereurya'ma, Ilautatoce'le arte- 
rio'aa, Absces'sus spirituo'sua, Arteriec'taaia, (F.) 
Anevryame, Aneuriame. Properly, Aneurism sig- 
nifies a tumour, produced by the dilatation of an 
artery ; but it has been extended to various lesions 
of arteries, as well as to dilatations of the heart. 

There are various kinds of aneurism. The fol- 
lowing are the chief: 

I. When the blood, which forms the tumour, is 
enclosed within the dilated coats of the artery. 
This is the true Aneurism, Aneurya'ma verum, 

Hernia Arteria'rum, (F.) Anevryame vrai. 

II. When the blood has escaped from tho 
opened artery, it is called spurious or false 
Aneurism, Aneuris'ma apu'rium, Ruptu'ru Arte'- 
ricB, Arteriorrhex'is, Arteriodial'yaia, Ecchytm/- 
ma arterio'aum, (F.) Anevryame faux. The latter 
is divided into three varieties : 

1. Diffused False Aneurism, (F.) Anevryame 
faux, primitif, diffua,noncirconscrit ou par infil- 
tration, which occurs immediately after the divi- 
sion or rupture of an artery, and consists of an 
extravasation of blood into the areolar texture 
of the part. 

2. Circumscribed False Aneurism, (F.) Aniv- 
rysme faux consecutif, circonacrit ou par ipanche- 
ment, enkysteoxx. aacciforme, tumeur hSmorrhagiale 
circonscritc, in which the blood issues from the 
vessel some time after the receipt of the wound, 
and forms itself a sac in the neighbouring areolar 

3. An'eurism by Anastomo'ais, Yar'icose or Cir- 
coid An'eurism, Phlebarteriod ial' ysia, Aneurys'- 
ma veno'so-arterio'aum, A. varico'aum, (F. ) Auev- 
rysmc par anastomose ou variuueux, A. pur ero- 
sion, A. de Pott, A. dee phi* j,etitfx artiree, which 
arises from the simultaneous wounding of an ar- 
tery and vein; — the arterial blood passing into 
the vein, and producing a varicose state of it. 

III. Mixed Aneurism, (Y.) Anevryame mixte, is 
that which arises from the dilatation of one or two 
of the coats, with division or rupture of the other. 
Some authors have made two varieties of this: 

1. .Mixed external Aneurism, where the internal 
and middle coats are ruptured, and the areolar is 

2. Mixed internal Aneurism, in which the inter- 
nal coat is dilated, and protrudes, like a hernial 
sac, through the ruptured middle and outer coats. 
This variety has been called Aneurys' ma ffer'niam 
Arte' rice siatena. 

Aneurisms have been termed trauma t r ic or ex- 
o'j" ' i none, and eponta'neoue, according as they may 
have been caused by a wound, or have originated 
spontaneously. The latter, when originating from 
lesions of the inner coats of arteries, have been 
termed endoy"enoua. They have also been di- 
vided into internal and external. 

The internal aneuriama are situate in the great 
splanchnic cavities, and occur in the heart and 
great vessels of the chest, abdomen, <tc. Their 
diagnosis is difficult, and they are often inacces- 
sible to surgical treatment. 




The external aneurisms are situate at the exte- 
rior of the head, neck, and limbs, and are dis- 
tinctly pulsatory. 

Aneurisms, especially the internal, may be 
combated by a debilitant treatment, on the plan 
of Valsalva, which consists in repeated blood- 
letting, with food enough merely to support life. 
In external aneurism, the artery can be oblite- 
rated. This is usually done by applying a liga- 
ture above the aneurismal tumour. 

Aneurism, Dissecting, is one in which, owing 
to rupture of the inner and middle coats of an 
artery, the blood makes itself a channel between 
these coats and the outer coat. 

In many cases, the lesion appears to consist in 
a separation of the laminae of the middle coat, 
between which the blood forms itself a channel. 

Aneurisms of the Heart, Cardion'chi, Car- 
dieurys'ma, (F.) Anevrysmes du co?ur, have been 
divided into active and passive. The former can 
scarcely be esteemed aneurisms, as they most 
commonly consist of increased thickness of the 
parietes of the heart, which diminishes its cavity 
instead of increasing it. The term Hypertrophy 
of the heart better indicates their character. 
Passive aneurism, Cardiec'tasis, on the contrary, 
is attended with extenuation of the parietes of 
the organ, and enlargement of the cavities. The 
physical signs of dilatation of the heart are the 
following : — The action of the heart is not visible, 
and no impulse is conveyed to the hand. On 
percussion, there is a loss of resonance over a 
larger surface than usual, but the dulness is much 
less intense than that which accompanies hyper- 
trophy. On auscultation, the action of the heart 
is only slight^ felt, and communicates at once 
the impression of its diminished power. The im- 
pulse is feebler than usual. Both sounds are widely 
transmitted over the thorax, and are not much 
fainter at a distance from their point of origin. 

Partial or true aneurism of the Heart — Cardi- 
ec'tasis partialis, Aneurys'ma consecuti'vum cor- 
dis — is sometimes seen ; rarel}-, however. 

The name Aneurism of the Valves of the Heart 
has been given to pouch-like projections of the 
valves into the auricles. 

Aneurism by Anastomosis, see Aneurism — 
a. Brasdor's operation for, see Brasdor — a. 
Circoid, see Aneurism — a. Endogenous, see 
Aneurism, and Endogenous — a. Exogenous, 
see Aneurism, and Exogenous — a. External, 
see Aneurism — a. False, see Aneurism — a. 
False, circumscribed, see Aneurism — a. False, 
diffused, see Aneurism — a. Internal, see Aneurism 
— a. Mixed, see Aneurism — a. Mixed, external, 
see Aneurism — a. Mixed, internal, see Aneurism 
■ — a. Spontaneous, see Aneurism — a. Spurious, see 
Aneurism — a. Traumatic, see Aneurism — a. True, 
see Aneurism — a. Valsalva's method of treating, 
see Aneurism — a. Varicose, see Aneurism. 

ANEURISMA, Aneurism. 

ANEURIS'MAL, Aneurys'mal, Aneurismat'ic, 
Aneurysmal icus, Aneurisma'lis. That which be- 
longs to Aneurism. 

Aneurismal Sac or Cyst, (F.) Sac ou Kyste 
anevrysmal, is a sort of pouch, formed by the 
dilatation of the coats of an artery, in which the 
blood, forming the aneurismal tumour, is con- 

AXEURISMATIC, Aneurismal. 

ANEURYSM, Aneurism. 

AXEURYSMA, Aneurism — a. Cordis activum, 
Heart, hypertrophy of the — a. Herniam arterias 
sistens, see Aneurism — a. Spurium, see Aneurism 
— a. Varicosum, see Aneurism — a. Venoso-arte- 
riosum, see Aneurism — a. Verum, see Aneurism. 

AXEURYSME, Aneurism. 

AXEURYSMUS, Aneurism, Dilatation. 

AXEVRIA, Paralysis. 

ANEYRYSME, Aneurism — a. de VAortc, 
Aorteurysma — a. de Pott, see Aneurism — a. des 
plus petitcs Arteres, see Aneurism — a. Circonsoit, 
see Aneurism — a. Diffus, see Aneuri?m — a. En- 
hyste, see Aneurism — a. Faux, see Aneurism — 
a. Faux consecutif see Aneurism — a. Mixte, see 
Aneurism — a. })ar Anastomose, see Aneurism — a. 
par Epanchement, see Aneurism — a. par Erosion, 
see Aneurism — a. par Infiltration, see Aneurism 
— a. Primitif, see Aneurism — a. Sacciforme, see 
Aneurism — a. Variqueux, see Aneurism — a. Vrai, 
see Aneurism. 

AXEYS, see Pimpinella anisum. 

AXFIOX, Maslach. , „ 

fractuosities, cerebral — a. Ethmo'idalts, see An- 

AXFRACTUOS'ITY, Anfrac'tus, Sulcus, from 
am, 'around,' and frungere,fractum, 'to break.' 
A groove or furrow. Used in anatomy to signify 
sinuous depressions or sulci, of greater or less 
depth, like those which separate the convolutions 
of the brain from each other. These 

Anfractuosities, Cerebral, Anfrac'tus Cer'- 
ebri, (F.) Anfractuosites Cerebrales, are always 
narrow, and deeper at the upper surface of the 
brain than at its base; and are lined by a pro- 
longation of the pia mater. 

The Ethmoid Cells are, sometimes, called An- 
fractuosites elhmo'idales. 

AXFRACTUS, Anfractuosity— a. Cerebri, An- 
fractuosities, (cerebral.) 

AXGECTASIA, Angiectasis. 

AXGEIAL, Vascular. 

AXGEIECTASIA, Angiectasis. 

AXGEIECTASIS, Angiectasis. 

AXGEIECTOMA, Angiectasis. 

AXGEIOG'RAPHY, Angioy'raphy, Angeio- 
graph'ia, from ayyeiov, '& vessel,' and ypacpn, 'a 
description.' The anatomv of the vessels. 

raphy, Angeiondrog' raphy, Angeiohydroyrn' phia, 
Hydrangiograph' ia, from ayyctov, 'a vessel,' 'tulw/j, 
'water,' and ypa<po>, 'I describe.' A treatise on 
the lvmphatics. 

ANGEIOHYDROT'OMY, Angiohydrot'omy, 
Augeiondrot' omy, Angeiohydrotom' ia, Hydran- 
giotom'ia, from ayyeiov, 'a vessel,' 'vSwp, ' water,' 
and reuveiv, 'to cut.' Dissection of the lymphatics. 

AXGEIOLEUCI'TIS, Angioleuci'tis, ' Angio- 
lymphi'tis, Lymphange'i'tis, Lymphangi'tis, Lym- 
phangio'i'tis, Hydrange'i'tis, Lymphi'tis, Lymph a - 
ti'tis, Inflamma'tio vaso'rum lymphatico'rum, from 
ayyeiov, ' a vessel,' Acvkoj, ' white,' and itis, inflam- 
mation. (F.) Inflammation des vaisseaux lympha- 
tiques ou des tissus blancs. Inflammation of the 
lymphatics; lymphatic or scrofulous inflamma- 

AXGEIOL'OGY, Angiol'ogy, Angeiolog" ia, 
from ayyeiov, 'a vessel,' and ~Xoyos, 'a discourse.' 
A discourse on the vessels. The anatomy of the 
vessels. It includes ArterioV ogy , Phlebol'ogy, 
and Angeiohydrol'ogy. 

AXGEIOMALA'CIA, Angiomala'cia, from 
ayyeiov, ' a vessel,' and paXaKia, ' softening.' Mol- 
lescence or softening of vessels. 

AXGEIOMYCES, Hsematodes fungus. 

AXGEIOX, Vessel. 

AXGEIOXDROGRAPHY, Angeiohydrogra- 

AXGEIOXDROTOMY, Angeiohydrotomy. 

AXGEIOXOSUS, Angeiopathia. 

AXGEIOXUSUS, Angeiopathia. 

AXGEIOPATHI'A, Angiopathi'a, Angeion'- 
ohus, Angeionu'sus, Angio'sis, from ayyeiov, ' a 
vessel,' and xados, 'a disease.' Disease of the 

AXGEIOPLA'XIAjAH^'o^rVni'a, from ayyctov, 


6 3 

AN G 1 N A 

'a vessel,' and xXavn, 'error.' Anomaly in the | 
structure ami distribution "I v< 


ANGBI0P1 K A. Synoeha. 

ANG EIORRHAG I A. Bsemorrhagia ectiva. 

ANGBIORRHCE'A, Angiorrhir'a, (F.) A*- 
geiorrktei from ayytiov, 'a vessel,' and />tw, 'I 
U . ■ w . ' Passive hemorrhage. 


EH >STEG NOBIS, Angiemphrazia. 

ANG 1.1' >S rENOSIS, Angiemphrazia. 

ANGEIOSTEO'SIS, Angioeto'tu from ayytiov, 
i l uonuiaii, ' ossification.' 0* 

tiol) Of vessels. 

ANGEIOSTROPHE, see Torsion. 
ANGEIOTELECTASIA, Telangiectasia. 
ANGEIOT'OMY, Angiofomy, Angeiotam'ia, 

from ayytiov, 'a v. ~-cl,' and rtfutiv, 'to cut.' 

Diaa ction ojf vessels. 

ANGBI'TIS, Angit'tit, Angioi'tit, Inflamma'- 
tt'u vato'rum, I , from ayyau. 'a vessel, ' 

and itts, denoting inflammation. Inflammation 
of vessel- in general. 

ANGEL-BREAD. A kind of purgative cake, 
formerly made of spurge., ginger, ilour and oat- 
meal. — llalli well. 

ANGELIC ROOT, Angelica lueida, 

ANGEL'ICA, Angel'iea ArehangeVica sen 
Bitpa'na sen Sati'na, ArchangeFica offidna'lie, 
Garden Angelica, (F.) Angiliqne, Racine de Saint 
Eeprit, Bo called from its supposed angelic vir- 
tu. -. Qrd. UmbellifersB. Sex, Syet. Pentandria 
Digynia. Native of Lapland. The roots, stalk. 
. and seed, are aromatic and carminative. 
A sweetmeat is made of the root, which is 

Ahobuca Abchazgbuca, Angelica. 

Angelica Atbopcbpu'bba, Angelica (Ph. 
Mast, rwot f. An indigenous species, grow- 
ing over the whole United States, and admitted 
into the secondary list of the Pharmacopoeia of 
the United States. Virtues, same as those of 
the Angelica of Europe. 

Am.: ins. Lkvisticim. Ligustieum levisticum. 

AhobLICA Lu'crDA, Angel' ie root, Bellyache 
root, Nendo, Whit* root, an indigenous plant, the 
root of which is bitterish, subacrid, fragrant, 
aromatic, stomachic, and tonic. Also, Ligustieum 

Angki.ica Nbzdo, Ligustieum actaeifolium. 

A\>.i:i.k'a Officinalis, [mperatoria — a. Palu- 
dapifolia, Ligustieum levisticum — a. Sativa, An- 
gelica. A. sylvestris. 

IZOBLIOA Svi.vks'this. A. tati'va, Seli'nvm 
Sgloee'tri seu Angel' ica sen Pubescent, Impera- 
to'ria Sylvee'trit seu Angelica, Wild Angel' ica, 
i ]•'. Angiliqne tauvage. Possesses .similar pro- 
perties to the last, but in an inferior degree. The 

s 1-. powdered and put into the hair, are used 

to destroy lice. Also. Ligustieum podagraria. 

Am. i i [< v TBBB, Aralia spinosa. 

ANGELFN2E CORTEX. The Lark of a 
Gl >nada tree, which has been recommended as 
anthelmintic and cathartic. 

ANOELTQUE, Angelica— a. Sauvage, Angel- 
ica sylvestris. 

ANGELOCACOS, Myrobalanos. 

ANGEMPHRAXIS, Lngiemphraxis. 

ANQIAIRHYDRIE, Asphyxia by submer- 


ANGfARRHAGlE, Haemoptysis. 

ANQ1BROMELMINTHIE, ' Worms (intes- 

ANGTCHOLOUTHE, Calculi, biliary. 

ANGIDIECTA81 \. Triehangiectasia. 

ANGLDIOSPONfHS, ILematudes fungus. 

ANGIECTAS1 \ 7EN08 \. Variz. 

ANG 1 ECTAS18, Angt feel i'mo, At g ■ ta'ria, 
Angii urge' ma, Angeieeto'nia, Angiodiat'tnaie, from 
ayyeiov, 'a vessel,' and txTuois, ' dilatation.' Dila- 
tation of vessels. — Grift and AliberU Bee 
Tt langit ctaiia. 

ANGIEMPHRAX'18, Angemphrax'ie, A 
oeteno'eie, Angeioetegno'eie, from ayytiov, 'a ves- 
sel,' and tpjpa^ts, 'obstruction.' Obstruction of 

ANGIEURY8MA, Angiectasis. 

ANGIITE, Inflammation, Angeitis. 
ANGIITIS, Angeitis. 

ANGI'NA, Febri* Angino'ea, hthmi'tie, Qiu'n- 
*y or Sore Throat ; from angere, ' to choke.' 
Inflammation of the supra-diaphragmatic portion 
of the alimentary canal, and of the air pa- 
The Latin writers applied the term to every dis- 
ease in which deglutition or respiration, sepa- 
rately or united, wa.- effected, provided that such 
affection was above the stomach and tut 
Boerhave speaks of the angina of the moribund, 
which is nothing more than the dysphng 
difficult deglutition preceding death. See Cy- 

AhOIZA APBTHOSA, Aphtha — a. AqUOSB, GCde- 
ma of the glottis — a. Lronchialis, Bronchi! 
Canina, Cynanche trachealis — a. Cordis, Angina 
pectoris — a. cum Tumore, Cynanehe tonsillaris — 
a. Epidemica, Cynanche maligns — a. Epiglot- 
tidea, Epiglottitis — a. Erysipelatous, Erythranche 
a. Ezsudatoria,Cynancbe trachealis — a. Externa, 
Cynanche parotidses — a. Faueium, 1st hinit is — a. 
Fancium Maligna, Cynanche maligns — a. Folll- 
eulosa of the pharynx. Pharyngitis, follicular — 
a. Gangrenosa, Cynanche maligna — a. llumida, 
Cynanche trachealis — a. Inflammatoria, Cynan- 
che, Cynanche trachealis — a. Laryngea, Laryn- 
gitis — a. Laryngea (Edematosa, (Edema of the 
glottis — a. Lingnaria, Glossitis — a. Maligna. An- 
gina pellicularis, Cynanche maligna. Pharyngitis, 
diphtheritic — a. Maxillaris, Cynanche parotidsea 
— a. Membranacea, Cynanche trachealis — a. 
Mitis, Isthmitis. 

Anoi'na Nasa'LIS, Naai'tis potti'ca. An in- 
flammation of the posterior portion of the Schnei- 
derian membrane lining the nose. Also, Cory/a. 
Amji'na G\i>kmato'sa, (F.) Angine adima- 
teuve, QSdhne de /<< <Hott< . An edematous swell- 
ing of the glottis, the effect of chronic cynanehe 
laryngea. See G*)dema of the Glottis. 

Angina Palatina, Hyperoitis — a. Paralytica, 
Pharyngoplegia — a. Parotidaja Externa, Cynan- 
che parotidsea, 

Anm'na Pec'tokis, A. cordi*. Sternal' gia, 
Anthma tpattico-arihrit'icttm incon'ttant, Aethma 
diaphragntat'ieum, Arthri'tia diephragmatica, 
Orthopna'a <<trd l'a<<t, Sternodyn'ia eyncop'tica 
et pal'pitane, S. tyncopa'lie, Curding' mu* cordi* 
tinit'tri, Attheni'a pectora'lit, Angor pec'torii, 
Sh noear'dia, Diaphragmatic gout, Aethma eon- 
mlxi' rum. Asthma arthriticnm, Cardionenral'gia, 
A*« ural'gin brachiothorac"ica, /////" rasetht '*"i 
plexue eardi'aci, A. dolorifienm, Syncopi angi- 
ii a ng e n e, Oardiod'ynl tpaemod'ica inter, 
mit'tene, Pnigopho'bia, Prunel'la, Snepir'ium 
cardi'acnw, Pnenmonal'gia, SnjffPacatict BreaH- 
pang, (F.) Angine <!<■ Poitrine, Sivron du 
A disease, the precise pathology of which if lo't 
known. The principal symptoms arc. violent 
pain about the sternum, extending towards the 
arms, anxiety, dyspnoea, and scum' of suffoca- 
tion. It is an affection of great danger, and is 
often connected with ossification, or other morbid 
condition of the heart. It appears to be i, 
thic. and has been termed Neuralgia of tht Heart. 
Some, however, employ this la-t term for an 
acutely painful intermittent affection of the In art, 
; which seems to differ from angina pectoris more 




in regard to the small number of parts which are 
drawn into morbid consent with the affected car- 
diac nerves, than in regard either to its nature 
or appropriate treatment. The most powerful 
stimulating and narcotic antispasmodics are re- 
quired during the paroxysm. 

Angi'na Pellicula'ris, A. malig'na, Dipthe- 
ri'tis of the throat. A name given to those in- 
flammations about the throat, in which exuda- 
tions or false membranes are thrown out during 
the phlogosis of the mucous membranes. Aphtha;, 
Tracheitis, when accompanied with the membra- 
niform exudation, are, with some, examples of 
diphtheritic inflammation. 

Angina Perniciosa, Cynanche trachealis — a. 
Pestilentialis, Pharyngitis, diphtheritic — a. Poly- 
posa, Cynanche trachealis — a. Polyposaseu Mem- 
branaeea, Cynanche trachealis — a. Pseudo-mem- 
branosa, Pharyngitis, diphtheritic — a. Pulposa, 
Cynanche trachealis — a. Sanguinea, Cynanche 

Angina Sicca, (F.) Angine Seche, is a chronic 
inflammation of the pharynx, with a distressing 
sense of dryness and beat, in chronic diseases of 
the stomach and lungs. See Pasdanchone. 

Angina Simplex, Isthmitis. 

Angina Squirro'sa, (F.) Angine squirreuse, 
consists in difficulty of deglutition, caused by 
scirrhous disorganization of the pharynx or oeso- 
phagus, or by enlarged tonsils. 

Angina Strangulators, Cynanche trache- 
alis — a. Strepitosa, Cynanche trachealis — a. Suf- 
focatoria, C3 r nanche trachealis — a. Synochalis, 
Cynanche tonsillaris — a. Thyreoidea, Thyreoids 
— a. Tonsillaris, Cynanche tonsillaris — a. Tra- 
chealis, Cynanche trachealis — a. Ulcerosa, Cy- 
nanche maligna — a. Uvularis, Staphyloedema, 
TJvulitis — a. Vera et Legitima, Cynanche ton- 

ANGINE GUTTURALE, Cynanche tonsil- 
laris — a. Laryngee, Laryngitis — a. Laryngee et 
tracheale, Cynanche trachealis — a. Laryngee cede- 
mateuse, (Edema of the glottis — a. (Esophagi enne, 
Oesophagitis — a. Pharyngee, Cynanche parotidaea 
— a. de Poitrine, Angina pectoris — a. Seche, An- 
gina sicca — a. Simple, Isthmitis — a. Squirrense, 
Angina Squirrosa — a. Tonsillaire, Cynanche ton- 

ANGINEUX, Angino.e. 

ANGINO'SE, Angino su*, (F.) Anginenx. Re 
lating or appertaining tt angina; as Scarlati'na 
angino' sa. 

ANGIOCARDI'TIS, from ayyaov, 'a vessel/ 
and carditis, ' inflammation of the heart.' In- 
flammation of the heart and great vessels. 


ANGIOGRAPHY, Angiography. 

ANGIOHEMIE. Hyperemia. 

ANGIOHYDROGRAPHY, Angeiohydrogra- 

ANGIOHYDROTOMY, Angeiohydrotomy. 

ANGIOITIS. Angeitis. 

ANGIOLEUCITIS, Angeioleucitis. 

ANGIOLOGY, Angeiology. 

ANGIOLYMPHITIS, Angeioleucitis. 

ANGIOMALACIA, Angeiomalacia. 

ANGIOMYCES, Haeinatodes fungus. 

ANGIONOSUS, Angeiopathia. 

ANGIONUSUS, Angeiopathia. 

ANGIOPATHIA, Angeiopathia. 

ANGIOPLANIA. Angeioplania. 


ANGIOPYRA, Synocha. 

ANGIORRHAGIA, Haeroorrhagia activa. 

ANGIORRIKEA, Angeiorrhcea. 

ANGIOSIS, Angio'pathia. 

ANGIOSTEGNOSIS, Angiemphraxis. 

ANGIOSTENOSIS, Angiemphraxis. 

ANGIOSTOSIS, Angeiostosis. 

ANGIOSTROPHE. see Torsion. 

ANGIOTELECTASIA, Telangiectasia. 

ANGIOTEN'IC, Angeioten'ic, Angioten'icun 
seu Angeioten'icu8, from ayyziov, 'a vessel,' and 
tuvuv, 'to extend.' An epithet given to inflam- 
matory fever, owing to its action seeming to be 
chiefly exerted on the vascular system. 

ANGIOTOMY, Angeiotomy. 

ANGLE, An'gulu8, from ayKv\og, ' a hook.' 
The space between two lines which meet in a 

Angle, Fa'cial, pointed out by Camper, is 
formed by the union of two lines, one of which 
is drawn from the most prominent part of the 
forehead to the alveolar edge of the upper jaw, 
opposite the incisor teeth — the facial line — and 
the other from the meatus auditorius externus to 
the same point of the jaw. According to the 
size of the angle it has been attempted to appre- 
ciate the respective proportions of the cranium 
and face, and, to a certain extent, the degree of 
intelligence of individuals and of animals. In 
the white varieties of the species, this angle is 
generally 80°; in the negro not more than 70°, 
and sometimes only 65°. As we descend the 
scale of animals, the angle becomes less and less ; 
until, in fishes, it nearly or entirely disappears. 
Animals which have the snout long, and facial 
angle small, such as the snipe, crane, stork, &c, 
are proverbially foolish, at least they are so 
esteemed; whilst intelligence is ascribed to those 
in which the angle is more largely developed, as 
the elephant and the owl. In these last animals, 
however, the large facial angle is caused by the 
size of the frontal sinuses : — so that this mode of 
appreciating the size of the brain is very inexact, 
and cannot be depended upon. 

The following is a table of the angle in man 
and certain animals : 


Man from 68° to 88° and more. 

Sapajou 65 

Orang-Utang 56 to 58 

Guenon 57 

Mandrill 30 to 42 

Coati 28 

Pole-Cat 31 

Pug-Dog 35 

Mastiff 41 

Hare 30 

Ram 30 

Horse 23 

Angle, Occipital, of Daubenton, is formed 
by a line drawn from the posterior margin of the 
foramen magnum to the inferior margin of the 
orbit, and another drawn from the top of the 
head to the space between the occipital condyles. 
In man, these condyles, as well as the foramen 
magnum, are so situate, that a line drawn per- 
pendicular to them would be a continuation of 
the spine; but in animals they are placed more 
or less obliquely ; and the perpendicular is ne- 
cessarily thrown farther forward, and the angle 
rendered more acute. 

Angle, Optic, (F.) Angle optique, is the angle 
formed by two lines, which shave the extremities 
of an object, and meet at the centre of the pupil. 

ANGNAIL, Hangnail. 


ANGOLAM. A very tall Malabar tree, which 
possesses vermifuge properties. 

AN'GONE, properly An'chone, from ay^w, 'I 
choke.' Anad'rome, Hysterapopni.x'is, Hys'tero- 
pni.r, Praefoca'tio Fau'cium seu Uteri'na seu 
Matri'cis, Strangula'tio uteri'na, Suffoca'tio ute- 
ri'na seu hyster'ica, Globus seu Nodus hyster'icns, 
Orthopnce'a hyster'ica, Dyspha'gia globo'sa seu 
hyster'ica, Nervous Quinsy. A feeling of strangu- 
lation, with dread of suffocation. It is commoa 


A N I M A L 

in hysterical females, ami is accompanied with a 
in as if a ball arose from the abdomen to 
the throat 

ANGOR, Anguish, (P.) A Extreme 

anxiety, accompanied with painful constriction 
at the epigastrium, ami often with palpitation 
and oppression. It is frequently an unfavour- 
able symptom. 

_ my. Orthopnea — a. Faueium, Isth- 
miti- — a. Pectoris, Angina pectoris. 
IOS, Buho, Uterus, Vessel 
ANQOSTURE VRAIE, Cusparia febrifuga. 
ANGOURION, Cucumis sativua. 
: ent 
WISH, Angor. 
i-n. Fbbbilb, Ang *r Febri'ttt, The com- 
bination of weariness, pain, anxiety, ami weak- 

_■ the bead and neck, which js 
nerallv observed at the commencement of fever. 

AN'GULAB, Aixjutit'ri*, from anrjuhtx, 'an 
(F.) Angulaire. That which relates to 
an angle. 

LAB ARTBBY and Vein. A name given, 

1. to the termination of the facial artery and 

vein, because they pass by the greater angle of 

: and, 2. to the facial artery and vein 

because they pass under the angle 

of the jaw. See Facial. 

ABO CI \i: Nkhvk is a filament furnished by 
the inferior maxillary, which passes near the 
greater angle of the eye. 

Akoi lab PaoCBBBEfl of the frontal bone are 
seated near the angles of the eyes. See Orbitar. 

AN '<; 11. IRIS, Levator scapula3. 


ANGULUS COST.E, see Costa — a. Ocularis, 

ANGURIA, Cucurbits citrullus. 

ANGUSTATIO, Arctatio— a. Cordis, Systole— 
a. Intestini recti vel Ani, Stricture of the rectum. 

ANGUS'-TIA, Angutta'tio, Stenoeho'ria. Anx- 
iety, narrowness, strait, constriction. 

Amm-m\ Abdomib, Pelvis, (Brim) — a. 
Perinsealis, Pelvis, (Outlet.) 

ANG1 STURA, Cusparia febrifuga — a. False, 
Bruoea antidysenterica, and Strychnos nux vo- 
mica — a. Spuria, Brucea antidysenterica, and 

A X>, I ST/'/;/:, FAUSSE, Brucea antidysen- 
terica — 'i. Ferrugim use, Brucea antidysenterica 
— a. Vraie, Cosparia febrifuga. 
USTURINE, Lrucine. 

ANHiEMATOSIA, Asphyxia, Anaemia. 

AN'll.KMlA. Anmrnia. 

AMI \ I'll I \. AnaphUv 

ANHELA'TIO, from ankelo, 'I pant.' An- 
Aat'mua, Panting, Qaeping, Ankelation, 
Heck, Hegh, (1'rov.i Oitn, itawing, Pech- 
ouffli mint. Short and rapid breath- 
ing. B( e Dyspnoea. 

Anhelatio is sometimes employed synony- 
mously a itb asthma. 

AN HE LIT US, Breath. 

AN HE* MA TOSIE, Anaemia, Asphyxia. 

AMI EM IF, Anaemia. 

AN 11 [STOUS, from a, av, privative, and \oto<;, 
'organic texture/ 'Anorganic' Awtor'pktu. The 
tuni'M decidna uteri i.-, termed by Yelpeau the 
OMBlSfOMS nn mhrn in . 

AHHUIBA, Laorua sassafras. 

AXH Y IMLK'.M I A, Anetmyd'ria, from a v, pri- 
vative, 'vdup, ' water/ and 'aiua, ' blood.' A con- 
dition of the blood in which there is a diminution 
in the quantity of the serum. 

AXIIVDUOMYEL'TA, from av, priv., 'vb»p, 

'water,' and itvc\o;, 'marrow.' Deficiency or 
I, in the spinal cavity, of the ecphalo-spi- 
nal fluid. 

LNICE'TON, Aiu'ii'tiiiii, Metia'muan, from «, 
privative, and 11*77. 'victory.' ' invincible.' A 
plaster much extolled by th« ancients ii. 

of achores. It was formed of litharge, i 

thus. alum, turpentine, white pepper, and oil. 

AN [ / DE1 B, from av, privative, and ti£o<;. 
'shape.' Amm], hit*. A monster devoid of Bhape. 
— .i.e. St. Hilaire. 

ANTDRO'SIS, from a, privative, and 'i5po)t, 
Sudo'ria nul'liUu vel priva'tio. Ab- 
sence of sweat. Deficiency of perspiration. — 

ANILEMA, Borborygmus, Tormina. 

ANILESI8, Borborygmus, Tormina. 

ANILITAS, Bee Dementia. 

A XI MA. An' i 1, my, M. „■<, Payeki. The mind, 
breath, A.c, from avefjtoi, 'wind or breath.' (F.) 
Ante. The principle of the intellectual and moral 

manifestations. Also, the principle of lift the 

life of plants being termed An'ima vegetati'va, 
, (F.) Ante vigitative ; that of man, An'ima aenei- 
j ti'va, (F.) Ante aeusitive. 

The Anii/in of Stahl, An'ima Stahlia'na, was a 
fancied intelligent principle, which he supposed 
to preside over the phenomena of life, — like the 
Archaut of Van Helmont. 

Under the term Antma mvndi, the ancient phi- 
losophers meant a universal Spirit, which they 
supposed spread over every part of the uni- 

The precise seat of the mind in the brain has 
given rise to many speculations. The point is 

With the ancient chemists, Anima meant the 
active principle of a drug separated by some 
chemical management. 

Anima Aloes : see Aloes Succotorinn — a. Ar- 
ticulorum, Ilermodactylus — a. Hepatis, Perri sul- 
phas — a. Pulmonum, Crocus — a. Khei. Inlusum 
rhei — a. Stahliana, see Anima — a. Vegetative, 
Plastic force. 

AN'IMAL, Zo'dn. A name given to every 
animated being. Most animals have the power 
of locomotion; some can merely execute par- 
tial movements, such as contraction and dila- 
tation. In other respects it is often a matter 
of difficulty to determine what is an animal 
characteristic The study of animals is called 

An'imai,, Anima'li*. That which concerns, or 
belongs to, an animal. 

Abimal Beat, Calor anima'lia sen nati'vva, 
Cal'idum anima'li sea inna'tum, Siolyek'nion, 
Flam'mnla vita' lit, Therma em'phytum, Thermwn 
em'pkytnm, /</nis anima'lia seu natura'lia sen 
vita'lia, (V.) Ckalenr animate, is the caloric con- 
stantly formed by the body of a living animal. 
by virtue of which it preserves nearly the same 
temperature, whatever may be that of the in- 
dium in which it is placed. This formation 
serin- to take jdace over the whole of the body, 
and to be connected with the action of nutrition. 

The following are the natural temperatures of 
certain animals; that of man being 98° or 100°. 

Animals. Ttmj 

.Arctic Fox 103 

Arctic Wolf ) nrt , 

Bqnlrrel } 105 

5"J t 104 

\N bale ) 

Arctomys dtUlns, «ihZ— in summen 103 

Do. when torpid v 

fioat 1":; 

Bat, in sumnicr > . , 

Husk ) J " 

Marmots bobao— A6oc 101 nr 102 

mouse 101 


Arctoniys marmota, marmot, — in summer, 

Do. ' when torpid 


Polar Bear , 








Temperatur . 
.. V. 1 or 102 

.. 1 to 104 



Arctomys glis 

Shrew „ 

Young wolf 

Fringilla artica, Arctic finch 

Rubecola, redbreast 

Fringilla linaria, lesser redpoll 

Falco palumbarius. goshawk 

Caprimulgus Europaeus, European goat- 


Emberiza nivalis, snow-bunting 

Falco lanarins, lanner 

Fringilla carduelis, goldfinch 

Corvus corax. raven 

Tardus, thrush, (of Ceylon,) 

Tetrao perdix. partridge 

Anas clypeata. shoveler 

Tringa pugnax, ruffe 

Scolopax limosa, lesser godwit 

Tetrao tetrix, grouse 

Fringilla brumalis, winterfinch 

Loxia pyrrhula 

Falco nisus, sparroiohawk 

Yultur barbatus 

Anser pulchricollis 

Colymbus auritus. dusky grebe 

Tringa vanellus, lapwing, wounded 

Tetrao lagopus, ptarmigan , 

Fringilla domestica. Jiouse sparrow 

Strix passerina. little owl 

Haematopus ostralegus, sea-pie 

Anas peuelope, widgeon 

Anas strepera. gadwall 

l'elecanus car bo 

Falco ossifragus, sea-eagle 

Fulica atra. coot 

Anas acuta, pintail<luck 

Falco milvus, kite, (wounded,) 

Merops apiaster, bee-eater 






Falco albicollis 

Picus major 

Cossus ligniperda 


Torpedo marmorata - 

Animal Kingdom, (F.) Regne Animal, com- 
prises all animated beings. 

Animal Layer, see Tache embryonnaire — a. 
Magnetism, see Magnetism, animal. 

— a. Spermatica. Spermatozoa. 

ANIMAL'CULE, Animal' culum ; diminutive 
of animal. A small animal. An animal well 
seen only by means of the microscope. 

a. Spermatic, Spermatozoa. 

AXIMALCULISM, Spermatism. 

AXIMAL'CULIST, An'imalixt. One who at- 
tempts to explain different physiological or pa- 
thological phenomena by means of animalcules. 
One who believes that the embryo is formed from 
the so-called spermatic animalcules — sperm' atist, 

A X I M A L'C U L V I S M, Animalculovism'- 
?<s, from animalculum and ovum. The doctrine, 
now universal, which maintains that the new 
being is formed by the concourse of the sperma- 
tic animalcule or spermatozoid with the ovum. 

AXIMALCULUM, Animalcule. 

AXIMALIST, Animalculist. 

AXIMAL'ITY, Animal'itas, (F.) Animalite. 
The aggregate of qualities which distinguish that 
which is animated. That which constitutes the 

100 to 103 

100 to 102 


110 or 111 


109 to 110 



107 to 111 



103 to 107 


to 91 



A X IMALIZA'TIO X, Animalisa'tio. The 
transformation of the nutritive parts of food into 
the living substance of the body to be nourished. 

To AXTMATE, Anima' re. To unite the liv- 
ing principle with an organized body. The 
French use it in the sense of, — to excite or render 
active; as, animer un vesicatoire : to excite a 
blister to suppurate. 

AXIMATIO, Animation— a. Foetus, see Quick, 

AXIMA'TIOX, Zoo' sis, Anima' tio, from anima, 
'the soul or mind.' The act of animating. The 
state of being enlivened. 

Animation, Suspended, Asphyxia. 

AX'IME, Gum an'ime, Amince'a, Gummi an'- 
ime, Can'camum, Can'camy. A resin obtained 
from the trunk of Hymen'cea cour'baril. Ord. 
Fabacese. It has been given as a cephalic and 
uterine. It is not used. The plant is also called 

AXLUE, (F.) An epithet applied to the 
countenance, when florid, in health or disease. 

AXUMELL.E, Parotid. 

liquium, Syncope — a. Pathemata, Passions. 

ANIMISM, see Animist. 

AN'IMIST, from anima, 'the soul.' One who, 
following the example of Stahl, refers all the 
phenomena of the animal ecomony to the soul, 

The soul, according to Stahl, is the immediate 
and intelligent agent of every movement, and of 
every material change in the body. Stahl there- 
fore concluded, that disease is nothing more 
than a disturbance or disorder in the government 
of the economy, or an effort by which the soul, 
attentive to every morbific cause, endeavours to 
expel whatever may be deranging the habitual 
order of health. See Stahlianism. 

AXIMUS, Anima, Breath. 

AXIRIDTA, from av, priv., and ipts, iptSos 'the 
iris.' Absence of the iris. 

AXIS, Pimpinellaanisum — a. Aigre, Cuminum 
Cyminum — a. de la Chine, Ulicium anisatum — a. 
Doux, Anethum — a. Etoile, Ulicium anisatum. 

AXISA'TUM, from Anisum, ' Anise.' A sort 
of medicated wine, formerly prepared with honey, 
wine of Ascalon, and aniseed. 

AXTSCALPTOR, Latissimus dorsi. 

AXISCHURIA, Enuresis. 

AXISE, Pimpinella anisum — a. Star, Ulicium 
anisatum, I. Floridanum — a. Tree, Florida, Uli- 
cium Floridanum — a. Tree, yellow-flowered, Uli- 
cium anisatum. 

AXISEED, see Pimpinella anisum. 


AXISI SEMIXA, see Pimpinella anisum. 

AXISO'DUS LU'RIDUS, Xican'dra anom'- 

ala, Phy' sails stramo'nium, Whitley' a stramo'ni- 

folia. A plant of Xepal, possessed of narcotic 

properties, and resembling belladonna and to- 

■ bacco. It dilates the pupil, and is used in dis- 

! eases of the eye like belladonna. It is given in 

alcoholic tincture (dried leaves t ^j to alcohol 

\ f^ viij ). Dose, 20 drops internally in the 24 hours. 

' phorbia Ipecacuanha. 

AXISOS'THEXES, Incequa'li rob' ore pollens. 
That which is unequal in strength : from av, 
|! priv., icos, 'equal,' and o$cvos, 'strength.' Au 
|i epithet applied particularly to the muscular con- 
J; tractility which, in the sick, is sometimes aug- 
: mented in certain muscles only, — in the flexors, 
ij for example. 
I AXISOT'ACHYS, from av, priv., icos, ' equal,' 

A N I S D M 

A N N U L A R 

and ra^vs, 'quick.' An epithet f<>r the pulse, 
when quick and unequal. — Gumeus. 
ANI8UM, Pimpinella enisoaa — a. Africanum 

Bubon Qalbanum — a. FmtioosuiB L r il- 
baniferum, Bubon Qalbanum — a. Officinale, Pim- 
pinella anisum — a. Sinense. Illicium anisatum — 
a. Stellatutn, Illicium auisatum — a. Yulgare, Pim- 
pinella anisum. 

ANKLE, Astragalus, Malleolus. 

ANKLEY, Malleolus. 

ANKUS, Aneus. 

ANKYLOBLEPHARON, Ankyloblepharon, 
Palpebra'rum coal'itue, from ayKvXrj, 'a bridle,' 
am! fooyioov, 'eyelid.' A pre! rnatural union 
between tin | f the eyelids. Likewise 

.•ailed Symbleph'aron, Symblepharo'eie, ami /' otf- 

Also, union between the eyelids and globe of 
b. — Ae'tlus. 

ANKYLOCHEI'LIA, Ancylochei'lia, (F.) An- 
kgdochilie, from aygvXos, ' crooked,' and %ti\os, 
• up.' Accidental onion of the lips. 

ANKYLOCH&LIE, Ankyloeheilia, 

ANKYLOCOLPUS, Colpatresia, 

ANKYLOCORE, Coreclisis. 

ANKYLODON'TIA, from ay*vAo?, 'crooked,' 
and u?ov$, oSovros, 'a tooth.' An irregular posi- 
tion of the teeth in the Jaws. 

ANK1 LOGLOS'SI \. Aneylogloe'eia, Conere'- 

tin Ungues, from ay>cv\ri, ' a bridle,' and yAwenra. 

' the tongue.' Impeded motion of the tongue in 

of adhesion between its margins and 

ims : <>r in consequence of the shortness 

of the frsenutn : the later affection constituting 

He, (Hopho'nia lin'gua: fr&na'ta. It 

merely requires the fraenuui to be divided with a 

pair of 

AXKYLOGLOSSOT'OMUM, from anhylogloa- 
- 'a, • t mgue-tie,' and ro/tn, ' incision.' An instru- 
ment Qsed in the operation for tongue-tie. 

ANKYLOME'LE, Ancylome'fe, from ayKv\os, 
' crooked,' and nnXrj, ' a probe.' A curved probe. 


A N KY LOM K R [S'M US, Ancylomeria'mua, from 
ayKvXn, 'a bridle,' and /u/>oj, 'a part.' Morbid 
p irts. 
ANKYLOPS, figilops. 

ANKYLORRHIN'IA, Ancylorrhin'io, from 

ayKv\tj, 'a bridle,' anil ptv, 'the nose.' Morbid 

union of the parietes of the nose. 

ANKYLOSED, Bee Ankylosis. 

ANKYLO'SIS, Aneglo'aia, Anchylo'n$, An'- 

-■ if ./>>i,it, from ayKvXog, 'crooked.' An 

!i. in which there is great difficulty or even 

• ility of moving a diarthrodial articula- 

tinn. It is so called, because the limb eouunonly 

remains in a constant state of flexion, and a joint 

: !< Baid to be ankglo'eed. Anohylo- 

laid to be complete or true, when there is an 

intimate adhesion between the synovial surfaces, 

with union of the articular extremities of the 

In the incomplete or /alee anchylosis, 

■;ire motion, but the fibrous parts 

around the joint are more or less stiff and thick - 

i. In the treatment of this last state, the 

joint most be gently and gradually exei 

: sing applications be assiduously cm- 

Asktlosis Spuria, Rigiditas articulorum. 

ANKYLO'TIA, AxcgU/tia, from ay<vXrj, 'a 
bridle,' and ovs, uros, 'the ear. 1 Morbid union 
of the parietes of the car. 

A N'K YLOT'OM U8,Ancylot'omue, from ay<rv>o?, 
'crooked,' and rt/nvtv, 'to cut.' Any kind of 
curved knife. — Paulus. An instrument for di- 
viding the tranu'ii lingUSB. — Scultetus. 

ANNEAU, Ring -a. Crural, ("rural canal — a. 
Diaph ragmaticring — a. I',',,,., 

ralf Crural canal — a. hgujuaal, Inguinal ring — a. 
Ombilical, Umbilical 1 

ANNEXE, . Appendix. 

ANN! CRITICI, Climaeterici (anni)— a. De- 

eretorii, Climaeterici (anni) — a. 1'atales, Ciimac- 

terici (anni)— a, Qenethliaci, Climaeterici (anni) 
— a. Grradarii, Climaeterici (anni) — a. Hebdoina- 
dici, Climaoterioi (anni) — a. Seroici, Climaeterici 

(anni) — a. Xatalitii, Climaeterici (annii — a. Sca- 
imacterid (anni) — a. Scansiles, Climaete- 
rici (anni). 

ANNOTA'TIO, J . Under this term 

some have included the preludes to an at; 1 
intermittent fever — as yawning, stretching, som- 
noleney, chilliness, a e. 

ANNOTTO, see Terra Orleans* 

AN'NUAL DISEASES, Morbi an'nui, M. an- 
t'rii, (F.) Maladie* annuellee. A name 
given, by some, to diseases which recur every 
year about the same period. Febria annua, (F.) 
annuelU, is a term used for a fancied in- 
termittent of this type. 

ANNUENS. Rectus capitis internus minor. 

ANNUIT"IO, Nodding, from ad, 'to,* and 
mttnx, 'a nod.' A gesture, denoting assent in 
most countries. Also, the state of somnolency, 
when the individual is in the erect or silting 
posture, with the head unsupported, in which 
the power of volition over the extensor muscles 
of the head is lust, and the head drops forward. 

AN'NULAR, Annula'ria, Anula'ria, OricoVdea, 
(F.) Aunulaire, (annus, 'a circle.') Any thing 
relating to a ring, or which has the shape or ful- 
fils the functions of a ring; from annulue, 'a 

AvNfi.AH Finger, Ring Finger, Ring man, 
Dig"itua annula'ria, Param'eaoe. The fourth 
finger, so called from the wedding ring being 
worn thereon. See Digitus. Of old. it was be- 
lieved, that there is a medium of direct commu- 
nication between the ring finger and the heart. 

AlfKOLAB Ganglion, see Ciliary ligament. 

Awn.Ait Lig'a.mknt, Transverse ligament, 
Crucial ligament. A strong ligamentous hand, 
which arches across the area of the ring of the 
atlas, from a rough tubercle upon the inner sur- 
face of one articular process, to a similar tubercle 
on the other. It serves to retain the odontoid 
process of the axis in connexion with the ante- 
rior arch of the atlas. 

An'ni Lig'amknt of Tilt: Ra'diub, is a very 

Btrong fibro-eartilaginous band, which form-, v. Lth 

jser Bigmoid cavity of the cubitus, a kind 

of ring, in which the head of the radius turns 

with facility. 

An'ni i, a r Lic/aments op tite Carpus, Ar- 
mil' la manua membrano'ea, are two in number. 

The one, anterior, hi a broad, fibrous, quadri- 
lateral band, extending transversely before the 
carpus, and forming the gutter, made by the 
wrist, into a canal. It is attached, externally, 
to the trapezium and scaphoides : and internally 
to the os pisitorme and process of the unciforme. 
It keeps the tendons of the flexor muscles, me- 
dian nerve, Ac. applied against the carpus. 

The poaterior ligament is situate transversely 
behind the joint of the hand, and covers the 
sheaths of the tendons, which pass to the back 

Of the hand. Its fibres are white and shining, 

and are attached, externally, to the inferior and 

outer part of the radius; internally to the ulna 
and os pisiforme. 

An'ni 1. \k I.ig'vments of the TaMCI are two 
in number. The anterior Is quadrilateral, and 
extends transversely above the instep, it ii at- 
tached to the superior depression of the os ealeis, 
and to the malleolus internum It embraces the 

tendons of the extensor muscles of the toes, the 

tibialis antic ue, and peroneua onticue. The iuttr~ 




nal is broader than the last. It descends from 
the malleolus iuternus to the posterior and inner 
part of the os calcis, with which it forms a kind 
of canal, enclosing the sheaths of the tendons of 
the tibialis posticus, flexor longus digitorum pedis, 
and F. longus pollicis pedis, as well as the plantar 
vessels and nerves. 

Annular Vein, Vena anmda'ris, is situate 
between the annular finger and the little finger. 
Aetius recommends it to be opened in diseases 
of the spleen. 

ANNULARIS, Cricoid : see Digitus — a. Ani, 
Sphincter ani. 

Cartilaginosi Trachea?, see Trachea. 

hro-caitilayinous or festooned rings." Tough 
tendinous tracts in the heart, two of which, an- 
terior, are situate on the right and left of the 
aortal opening; and one posterior, which runs 
backwards from the aorta to the border of the 
auriculo-ventricular septum, where it splits into 
two slender crura. 

Luuibricales manus. 

ANNULUS, Dactylius, Vulva — a. Abdominis, 
Inguinal ring — a. Al'oidus, see Ciliary (ligament) 
— a. Cellulosus, Ciliary ligament — a. Ciliaris, 
Ciliary ligament — a. Fossae ovalis : see Ovalis 
fossa — a. Gangliformis, see Ciliary (ligament) — 
a. Repens, Herpes circinatus — a. Umbilicalis, 
Umbilical ring — a. Ventriculi, Pylorus — a. Vieus- 
senii. see Ovalis fossa. 

ANO, avo>. A prefix denoting 'above, up.' 
AXO-CAVERXEUX, Accelerator urinaa. 
AXOCHI'LUS, from avu>, 'above/ and ^aXo?, 
'lip.' The upper lip. Also, one who has a large 
upper lip. 

AXOCCELIA, Stomach. 
ANO'DIA, from av, priv., and wSrj, 'song.' 
An unconnected or dissonant mode of speech. 

ANODTC, Anod'icus, from avu, 'above, up,' 
and 'oSos, 'a way.' Tending upwards. An epi- 
thet applied by Dr. Marshall Hall to an ascend- 
ing course of nervous action. 
ANO DIN, Anodyne. 

ANODIXTA, from a, av, privative, and uStv, 
'a labour pain.' Absence of labour pains. 
AXODMIA. Anosmia. 
ANODUS. Edentulus. 

AX'ODYXE, Anod'ynus, Antod'ynus, Antid'- 
ynous (improperly), Parrgor'icus, Anet'icus, Ant- 
al'gicus, Acesod'ynes, (F.) Anodin ou Anodyn, 
from av, privative, and utvvr), 'pain.' Anodynes 
are those medicines which relieve pain, or cause 
it to cease; as opium, belladonna, &c. They act 
by blunting the sensibility of the encephalon, so 
that it does not appreciate the morbid sensation. 
AXODYX'IA, Indolen'tia. Cessation or ab- 
sence of pain. Vogel has given this name to a 
genu? of diseases, characterized by a cessation 
of pain, and the exasperation of other symptoms ; 
as we see in gangrene. 

AXODYXUM MIXERALE, Potassae nitras 
sulphatis paucillo mixtus. 

AXffi'A, Anoi'a, from a, privative, and voos, 
'mind.' Delirium, imbecility. See Dementia 
and Idiotism. 

AXOESIA, Dementia — a. Abstricta, Melan- 

AXOIA, Anoea. 
A XO Mi 1 L . A n o m al ou s . 
ANGMALES, Anomalous. 
AXOMA'LIA, from av, privative, and oua\og, 
'regular.' Abnor'mitas, Aliena'tio. Anomaly, 
abnormity, irregularity. In Pathology, anomaly 
means something unusual in the symptoms pro- 

per to a disease, or in the morbid appearances 
presented by it. 

Anomalia Nervorum, Nervous diathesis. 


AXOMALOTROPHIES, from av, privative, 
ojxaXos, 'regular,' and rpo<f>n, 'nourishment.' A 
class of diseases, which consist in modifications 
in the nutrition of organs. — Gendrin. 

ANOM'ALOUS, Anom'alus, Anom'alis ; the 
same etymon. Irregular ; contrary to rule. (F.) 
Anomal. In Medicine, a disease is called ano- 
malous, in whose symptoms or progress there is 
something unusual. Affections are also called 
anomalous, which cannot be referred to any 
known species. 

ANOMALOUS, Irregular. 

ANOMMATUS, Anophthalmus. 

ANOMOCEPH'ALUS, from a, priv., vofiog, 
'rule,' and Kt.<pa\r), 'head.' One whose head is 
deformed. — Geoffroi Sain t-Hil aire. 

AXOMOSPLEXO TOP IE, Splenectopia. 

AXOMOTOP1E, Ectopia. 

ANOM'PHALUS, from av, priv., and\og, 
'the navel.' One devoid of navel. Many writers 
have endeavoured to show that Adam and Eve 
must have been avop<pa\oi, as they could not have 
had umbilical vessels. 

AX T ONA TRILOBA, see Carica papaya. 

ANO'NA TRIPET'ALA. A tree of the family 
Anoneae or Anonaceas; Sex. Syst. Polyandria 
Polygynia, from fifteen to twenty feet high, na- 
tive of South America, which bears a delicious 
fruit called Chirimoya. Both the fruit and flowers 
emit a fine fragrance, which, when the tree is 
covered with blossom, is almost overpowering. — 

ANONIS, Ononis. 

ANONYCH'IA, from av, privative, and owl-, 
ovu^o?, 'a nail.' Want of nails, — a rare con- 
genital defect. 
" ANONYME, Innominatum. 

ANON'YMOUS, Anon'ymus, Innomina'tus, (F.) 
Anonymc, from av, privative, and ovopa, 'name.' 
That which has no name. 

The word has been applied to many parts of 
the body: — to the Anonymous bone or Os inno- 
minatum : — the Anonymous foramen or Foramen 
innominatum, &c. 


ANOPIITHAL'MUS, Anom'matus, from av, 
privative, and otpdaXfios, 'an eye.' One who is 
devoid of eyes. 

ANOPS'IA, from av, priv., and wt//, 'the eye.' 
A case of monstrosity in which the eye and orbit 
are wanting. 


ANOR'CHIDES, from av, priv., and op^is, 'a 
testicle.' They who are without testicles. — For- 
tunatus Fidelis. 

ANOREXTA, from av, priv., and ope^ig, 'ap- 
petite.' Inappeten'tia, Lima' sis ex])ers, (F. ) Perte 
d'apqyetit. Absence of appetite, without loathing. 
Anorexia or want of appetite is symptomatic of 
most diseases. Also, Indigestion, Dyspepsia. 

Anorexia Exhausto'rum, Frigidity of the 
stomach — a. Mirabilis, Fasting. 

ANORGANIC, see Anhistous, and Inorganic. 

ANORMAL, Abnormous. 

ANORTHOPTA,from a, priv., opZos, 'straight.' 
and oxpis, 'vision.' Vision in which persons are 
unable to judge when objects are not parallel or 
not symmetrical. 

ANOS'IA, from a, priv., and vocros^ 'disease.' 
Health. Freedom from disease. 

AN OS 'MI A, from av, privative, and ocpv, 
'odour.' Loss of smell. Diminution of the sense 
of smell. Called, also, Auosphre'sia, Anosphra' - 
sia, Anophre'sia, Paros'mia, Anod'mia, Anosmo'- 




sin, Ol/actiU amis' aio an defl 

olfaci t'tua de- 

per'dihu, i P. P 

3PHB ^Sl v. Anosmia. 


ANO'Tl S, from in', privative, and ov$, wroj, 
'the ear.' A monster having no oars. 

A.XnXEMli:. ! 

ANS V INTKSTIX LLIg, A m .'■<'■ ttinale). 

AJfSE V. . Ana* (L.), signifies, properly, the 
handle of certain vessels, usually of an arched 
form. By analogy, it has been applied to that 
which is curved in the t'onn of such handle. 
Thus, the French speak nf Ante inteetinaU — Ansa 
,-u* intettina'lu — to signify a portion of 
intestine, supported by its mesentery, and de- 
scribing a curved line: — also, of Aims nerveme, 
t laetomotiq* 
'/<. /// is used, in Surgery, to designate a 
thread, curved in the form of an Ante. 

ANSERINA, Potentilla anserina. 

A NSBRINE, Chenopodinm ambrosioides — a. 
Antkeimintique, Chenopodinm anthelmintionm — 
Henri, Chenopodinm Bonus Henricns — a. 
Botryt, Chenopodinm Botrys— a. Fitide, Cheno- 
podinm vulvaria — a. Vermifuge, Chenopodium 

ANTACIDS, Anti-acids, Antiac"ida, Inver- 
ted tia, from (inti, 'against,' and acida, 'acids.' 
lies which obviate acidity in the stomach. 
They are chemical agents, and act by neutralizing 
the acid. Those chiefly used are ammonia, calcis 
carV.onas, calx, magnesia, magnesia? carbonas, 
bicarbonas, p. carbonas, soda? 
bicarbonas, and s. carbonas. They are, of course, 
only palliatives, removing that which exi- 
preventing the formation of more. 

ANTAG'ONISM, Antagonit'miu, Antis'tasis, 
from aiTt, 'against,' and ayajn^o/iat, 'to strive.' 
Action in an opposite direction. It applies to the 
action of muscles that act in a contrary direction 
to others. In estimating the force of muscles, 
this antagonism must be attended to. 

ANTAG'ONIST, Antagonit'ta. A muscle 
whose action produces an effect contrary to that 
of another muscle. Every muscle has its anta- 
gonist, because there is no motion in one direc- 
tion without a capability of it in another. 
ANTALG1 lyne. 

ANTAPHRODIS'IAC, Antaphrodit't'c, Anta- 
phroditiacut, Anaphrodieiaeut, Anaphrodit'iac, 
Anterot'icue, from avri, ' against,' and u<ppo5iaiai<os, 
'aphrodisiac' A Bnbstance capable of blunting 
the venereal appetite. 

ANTAPHRODITIC, Antaphrodisiac 

AN X V P( '!>'< ISIS, from airano6t6u)fn, 'I return 
in exchange.' T; a and return of the 

febrile periods.— Hippocrates. 

-A vi ^POPLEI Til i S, Antiapoplectic 

ANTARTHRITIC, Antiarthritic 


A NT A ST 1 1 M AT 1 1 ! IS. A nt iasthmatic. 

ANTATKol'irrc, Antatroph'ieut, Antat'ro- 
]>hnx. Antiatroph'icut, from avn, 'against,' and 
i. 'atrophy.' A remedy opposed to atro- 
»r consumption. 

ANTEBB \< III \I, see Antihrachial. 

A N '1 E G E I) B N ' T I A . The precursory or 
warning sympton :-.■. 


AN 1 E LA' HI A. Prochei'la, from ante, 'before,' 
and labia, 'the lips.' The extremity of the lins. 

ANTELOPE, Antilopus. 


ANTEM'BASIS, from avri, and tu&aivo, 'I 
enter.' Mu'tuut iiif/rea'sus. The mutual recep- 
tion of bones. — Galen. 

ANTEMETIC, Antiemetic. 
ANTENDEIXIS, Counter-indication. 

i ENDIXIS, Counter-indication. 

ANTENEAS'MUS, from am, 'against.' and 

vzav, 'audacious;' or rather, perhaps, from tun, 

and ream, 'I extend or stretch.' One furious 

against himself. Mania, in which the patient 

attempts his own life. — Zacchias. 

oi'cum, Uitpid'ula, /'< i eati, Eli' chry turn monta'- 
num, Dios'ciovt Everlatt'ivg, Cattfoot, (F.) Pied 
de chat. Order, Compositse. A common Euro- 
pean plant, which has been advised in hemor- 
rhage, diarrhoea, Ac. 

An u:\variv Margaritacea, Gnaphalium 

As I INN ARIA Pl.ANTAGI.NIFo'l.IA, Gliajjut' I ilim 

plan tngini/o' Hum sen plantagin'eum sen dioi'eum 
variety plantagini/olium, Plantain Li/e-everlatt- 
iiKj. Cudweld, indigenous, has similar properties. 
ANTEPHIALTIC, Antiephialtic. 
ANTEPILEPTIC, Antiepileptic 
ANTEPONENS, Anticipating. 
AX rEREI'SIS, from am, 'against,' and cpet- 
6d), 'I support.' The resistance — the solidity — 
of bones. — Hippocrates. 

tympani — a. de V Oreille, Anterior auris. 

ANTE'RIOR, Anti'cut, from ante, 'before.' 
Situate before. Great confusion has prevailed 
with anatomists in the use of the terms be/ore, 
behind, etc. Generally, the word (interior is ap- 
plied to parts situate before the median line, the 
body being in the erect posture, with the face 
and palms of the hands turned forwards, and 
' the feet applied longitudinally together. 

Ahtk'riob At'ris {Muscle), Auricula' rit ante'. 
rior,At'trahent auric' ulam, (F.) AurictUaire anti- 
rieur, Anterieur de I'oreille, Zygomato-oriculaire. 
A small muscle, passing from the posterior part 
of the zygoma to the helix. Use, to draw the ear 
forwards and upwards. 
Anterior Mallei, Laxator tympani. 
ANTEROTICUS, Antaphrodisiac. 
ANTEUPHORBIUM, Cacalia anteuphorbinm. 
ANTEVER'SION, Antever'sio, Antrover'aio, 
from ante, 'before,' and latere, vertum, 'to turn." 
Displacement of the uterus, in which the fundus 
is turned towards the pubes, whilst its orifice is 
towards the sacrum. It may be caused by extra- 
ordinary size of the pelvis, pressure of the viscera 
on the uterus, etc.; and is recognised by exami- 
nation per vaginam. A simple forward inclina- 
tion of the body of the uterus, without the os 
uteri being carried much backwards, is termed 
Ante/lex' ion of the u'terus, Ante flex' io u'tt ri. Not 
unfrequently, however, it is used synonymously 
with Retroversion of the Uterus. See Retro- 
versio uteri. 

A N I II M MOPT T'lC U S, A nHhamoptyxeue, 
from avri, 'against,' and heemoptytit, 'spitting 
of blood.' Against spitting of blood. A remedy 
for spitting of blood — antihamoptylcwn (reme- 
ANTELffiMORRHAGICUS, Antihemorrhagic. 
ANTHBCTICUS, Ant. hectic. 
A N I II E L I T ' R A G D 8, ( P. I AnthtUtragii „. 
One of the proper muscles of the pavilion of 
the ear. 

ANT'HELIX, Anti-helix, from avri, 'before,' 
and 't\t$, 'the helix.' An eminence oo the car- 
i the ear, in front of the helix, and ex- 
tending from the concha to the groove of the 
helix, u here it bifur 

A N T 11 E L M I N'T I C, Antihelmin'tiem, Am;. 
eeol'ieut, Anthelmin'thicut, Antiteolet'ieut, H<1- 
min'thicut, ll> Iminthago'gut, Antivermino'eue, 
Vermifugue, Ver'mifuge, from avri, 'against,' 
and 'iXynvi, 'a worm.' A remedy which de- 




stroys or expels worms, or prevents their for- II 
mation and development. The chief anthel- 
mintics are, Chenopodium, Mucuna, Oleum ani- 
male Dippelii. Oleum Terebinthinte, Sodii Chlo- 
ridum. Spigelia, and Pulvis Stanni. See "Worms. 
AN'THEMIS COT'ULA, from avdeo, 'I flower.' 
A. fc'tida seu Xoveboracexi'sis, Cot'ula, C. fce'tida, 
Gota, Cynan'themis, Chamceme'lum fve'tidutn seu 
Chamomil'la spu'n'a sen fce'tida, Maru'ta Cot'ula, 
Mayflower, Mayweed, Stinking Chamomile, Wild j 
Cham'omile, Dog's fennel, Dilly, Dihceed, Field- 
weed, Pissxceed. Ord. Compositae Corynibiferaj. 
S s it. Syngenesis Superflua. (F.) Maroute,\ 
Gamomille fetide, Camomille puante. 

This plant Cot'ula, (Ph. U. S.), has a very dis- 
agreeable smell, and the leaves have a strong, 
acrid, bitterish taste. It is reputed to have been 
useful in hysterical affections. 
Anthemis Fcetida, A. cotula. 
An'themis Xo'bilis, An'themis, A. odora'ta, 
Chamceme'lum, Ch. Xo'bile seu odora'tum, Cha- 
momil'la stoma' no, Euan'themon, Lexicon' themum, 
(F.) Gamomille Romaine. The leaves and flowers. 
' -:mis, Ph. U. S. — have a strong smell, and 
bitter, nauseous taste. The flowers are chiefly 
used. They possess tonic and stomachic proper- 
ties, and are much given as a pleasant and cheap 
bitter. A simple infusion is taken to produce, or 
to assist vomiting. Externally, they are often 
used in fomentations. 

The O'leum Anthem' idis possesses the aromatic 
properties of the plant, but not the bitter and 
tonic. Consequently, the 'Chamomile Drops,' as 
sold by the druggists, must be devoid of the lat- 
ter qualities. They are made by adding 01. 
anthem, f^j. to Sp. vini recti/'. Oj. 

Anthemis Xoyeboracencis, A. cotula — a. 
Odorata, A. cotula. 

An'themis Py'rethrem, Py'rethrum, P. verum, 
Anacyc'lus pyrethrum, BxiphthaV mum Cre'ticum, 
Denta'ria, Herba saliva' ris, Pes Alexandri' nus, 
Spanish Chamomile, Peilitory of Spain, (F.) Py- 
rethre, Rncine soli voire. Soli voire, Pied cT Alex- 
andre. The root, Pyrethrum (Ph. U. S.), is hot 
and acrid, its acrimony residing in a resinous 
principle. It is never used except as a mastica- 
tory in toothache, rheumatism of the face, pa- 
ralysis of the tongue, etc. It acts as a powerful 

The Peilitory of the shops in Germany is said 
to be derived from Anacyc'lus ojficina'rum y a 
plant cultivated in Thuringia for medicinal pur- 

An'themis Tincto'ria, Buphthal'mi Herba, 
Dyer's Chamomile, a European plant, has a bitter 
and astringent taste, and has been regarded as 
stomachic and vulnerary. (F.) Camomille des 
Teinturicrs. CEil de Basuf. 
Anthemis Vulgaris, Matricaria Chamomilla. 
AXTHE'RA, from avQrjpog, so called from its 
'florid' colour. A remedy compounded of several 
substances — myrrh, sandarac, alum, saffron, etc. 
It was used under the form of liniment, colly- 
rium, electuary, and powder. — Celsus, Galen. 
AXTHORA, Aconitum anthora — a. Vulgaris, 
Aconitum anthora. 

AXTHORIS'MA, from mm, 'against,' and 
opicrna, 'boundary.' Tumor dijfu'sus. A tumour 
without any defined margin. 

AXTHOS, see Rosmarinus — a. Sylvestris, Le- 
dum svlvestre. 

AXTHRA'CIA, from avSpa?, avOpaKos, 'coal.' 
Carbun'cular Exan'them. An eruption of tumors, 
imperfectly suppurating, with indurated edges, 
and, for the most part, a sordid and sanious core. 
A genus in the order Exanthematica, class Htema- 
tica of Good, and including Plague and Yaws. 

Anthracia, Anthracosis — a. Pestis, Plague — 
a. Rubula. Framboesia. 

AXTHRACIOX, see Anthrax. 
AX'THRACOID, Anthraco'des, from avS-pal. 
avdpaKos, 'coal,' and ciSog, 'resemblance.' (F.j 
Charbonneux. As black as coal. Accompanied 
by or resembling anthrax. 

ANTHRACO'SI8, Anthra'eia, Carbo Palpe- 
brarum, from av<?pu!-. avOptiKos, 'a coal.' A spe- 
| cies of carbuncle, which attacks the eyelids and 
globe of the eye. — Paulus of ^Egina. Also, a 
carbuncle of any kind. It has been used for the 
"black lung of coal miners," which is induced 
by carbonaceous accumulation in the lungs : 
Pseudo-xnelonot'ic formation, (Cars well.) Matter e 
noire des Poumons, Charbon pulmonaire. When 
ulceration results from this cause, blade phthisic, 
(F.) Phthisic avec Jlelanose, exists. See Mela- 

Anthracosis Pelmontm. see Melanosis. 
AXTHRAKOK'ALI, LithanthroJcoJc'ali, from 
avQpa^, avOpaKOi, 'coal,' and kali, 'potassa.' An 
article introduced as a remedy in cutaneous dis- 
eases. It is formed by dissolving carbonate of 
potassa in 10 or 12 parts of boiling water, and 
adding as much slacked lime as will separate the 
potassa. The filtered liquor is placed on the fire 
in an iron vessel, and suffered to evaporate, until 
neither froth nor effervescence occurs, and the 
liquid presents a smooth surface like oil. To 
this, levigated coal is added in the proportion of 
! 160 grammes to 192 grammes of potassa. The 
mixture is stirred, and removed from the fire, 

I and the stirring is continued, until a black homo- 
geneous powder results. A sulpihuretted anthra- 
hohali is made by mixing accurately 16 grammes 
of sulphur with the coal, and dissolving the mix- 
ture in the potassa. as directed above. The dose 
of the simple and sulphuretted preparations is 

II about two grains three times a day. 

AXTHRAX, axBoa^ 'a coal,' Antrax, Carbo, 

I Rubi'nus verxts, Codesel'la, Erythe'ma gangrceno'- 

'•. sum, Grantris'tum, Prima, Per'sicus Ignis, Pyrv, 

, Granatris'tum, Phyma Anthrax, Erythema an- 

i thrax, Carbun'cxilus, Anthraco'sia, Anthraco'ma, 

Absces'sus gangrcenes'cens seu gangrceno' svs, Fu- 

run' cuius malig'nus. F. gangrceno'sus, Carbuncle, 

(F.) Charbon. An inflammation, essentially gan- 

I grenous, of the cellular membrane and skin, 
which may arise from an internal or external cause. 
In the latter case it is called Anthra'cion, Yesic'- 
ula gangrcenes'cens, Anthracophlyc'tis, (F.) Pus- 
tule maligne ; Boxtton d'Alcp, Feu Persiaue (Per- 
sian fire). Malvat, Bouton malin, Puce malignc, and 
is characterized at the outset by a vesication or 
bleb filled with a sero-sanguinolent fluid, under 
which a small induration is formed, surrounded 

;: by an areolar inflammation, which becomes gan- 
, grenous. It has been thought by some to be in- 
|| duced altogether by contact with the matter of 

II the carbuncle of animals, or of the exuvia? of 
the bodies of such as had died of the disease, 
but it is now known to arise primarily in the 
human subject. This form of carbuncle has re- 
ceived different names, many of them from the 

j! places where it has prevailed: — Carbun'eulux 
coxitagio'sus seu Gal'licus seu Hunga'ricxis seu 
!| Polon'icus seu Scptentriona'lis, Jf orbits pustulo'sus 
\ Fin'nicus. Pus' tula gongrcenosa seu Liv'ida Es- 
1 tho'nicB, Pemphigus Hungar'icus, Puce de Bour- 

Anthrax is a malignant boil, and its treatment 
i is similar to that which is required in case of 
gangrene attacking a part. 

A N T li II I S C U 8 C i: R E F L I U M 


Antmhax Pulmoxuv, Necropnenmonia. 

9RIBC1 - I BREFOLIUM, Scandix ee- 
refuliam — a. Humilia, ChsBropbyllnm Bylvestre 
— ;i. Procerus, Chsrophyllum Bylvestre. 
ANTHROPE, Cutis. " 

, 'man/ and lurpoi, 'a physician.' Me- 
applied to man, in contradistinction to 

. HROPOCHEMIA, Chymiatry (human). 
HROPOCHYMY, Chymiatry (human), 
AN rHROPOGBN'IA, Anthropogen'eaie, A "~ 
in'thropy, from avvptawos, 'man/ 
and yartwts, 'generation.' The knowledge, orstudy, 
or phenomena of buman generation. 

A.N T H RO POG'RAPHY, An«Aropoyra»A'ui, 
from iuiJuu)-oi, 'man.' and ypa<pt). 'a description.' 

Antbr lescription of the human body. 

AN'THROPOID, AiKAropot'des, from avBpunos, 
' man.' and uios, ' resemblance.' Resembling man : 
— as thi 

ANTHROPOL'ITHUS, from avflpwrros, 'man/ 
and Aitfo?, 'a stone.' The petrifaction of the 
human body or of any id' its parts. Morbid con- 
cretion* in the human body. 

l HROPO L'O QY,Anthropolog"ia t ftom 
fivc-pWTos, 'man,' and Xoyos, 'a discourse.' A 
■ on man. By some, this word is used for 
the science of the structure and functions of the 
human body. Frequently, it is employed synony- 
mously with Natural History and Physiology of 


ANTHROPOMANCY, Anthropomanti'a, from 
• ->-, 'a man." and pamia, 'divination.' Di- 
vination by inspecting the entrails of a dead man. 
ANTHROPOM'ETRY, from u^wtoj. 'a man.' 
and ficrpov, 'measure.' Measurement of the di- 
mensions of the different parts of the human body. 

BROPOMORPHUS, Atropa mandragora. 
ANTHROPON'OMY, Anthroponotn'ia, from 
aicnuj-oi, 'man,' and vo/ioj, 'law.' A kno 
of the Bpecial laws which preside over the func- 
tion- of the human body in action. 

ANTHROPOPH'AGUS, P.) Anikropophage, 
from aiSoojToy, 'a man,' and 0ayc», 'I eat.' A 
name given to one who eats his own species. 

ANTHROPOPH' IQY, Anthropopha'gia, same 
etymon. The custom of eating human tlesh. A 
in which there is great desire to eat it. 
A N T HRO P( >TOMY, Andranatomia. 
ANTHUS, Plos. 

ANT 1 1 V PNOriC, Anthypnot'icue, Antihyp- 
Agrypnotfic, from avn, 'against,' and 
itnpefj ing.' A remedy for stupor. 
ANTHYPOCHON'DRIAC, Anthypochondri'- 
iii mn, 'against,' and 'v-o^ov6 r iaKog, 'hy- 
pochondriac' A remedy for hypochondriasis. 
\N CHYSTER'IC, Antihytter'ic, Antihytter'- 
in -Jin. 'against,' and 'vonoa, 'the ute- 
I remedy for hysteria. 
ANIL ,irn, as a prefix, in composition, gene- 
rally means 'opposition. 1 
AN II tf)ES, Tonsils. 
AN l [ADITIS, Cynanche tonsillaris. 
AN 11 \ 1 > « > n i i B, from avriala, 'the tonsils.' 
and oyKOi, 'tumour.' A f the tonsils. 

— Swediaur. Anti'ager ha- a similar meaning. 

Ami LDONC1 B I iuun S, Cj nan eh r ton- 

A N 1 I A IMjpLEC'TIC, Antiapopl, 

tieue, Apoplec'ticu*, from am, 'against,' 
and utot)^ici, 'apoplexy.' A remedy lor apo- 

ANTIARIS TOXIC Mil \. see CTpaa. 

riARTHRIT'IC, AntarthnYie, Antiar. 

thrit'iciix, Antipodagfric, from avn, 'against,' 
and apSpins. 'the gout,' (F.) Antigouttt 
remedy for -out. 

AN CIASTHBN'IC, Antiatthen'icm, from avn. 
'against,' and aoQivua, 'debility. 1 A remedy for 

AN II LSTHMAT'IC, Antiasthmatic**, Ant- 
asthmat'icue, from avn, 'against, 1 and aoS/jia, 
•asthma.' A remedy for asthma. 

AN II LTROPHICUS, Autotrophic, 
will: ILL0MEN1 M, Buocedaneum. 

ANTIBDELLA, Antlia sanguisu 
LNTIBECHIC1 8, Expectorant 

A N T I 1'. R A'CH I A L. Antibrachia'lie. That 
which concerns the fore-arm. — Uichat. .1. Clo- 
quet Suggests that the word should he written an- 
tebrachial, from ante, 'before.' and brachium, 
'the arm' — as antebrachial region, antebrachial 
aponeurosis, <fec. 

Awtbbra'chial Aponetro'sis, (F.) Aponftf- 
Mibraehiale, is a portion of the aponeurotic 
sheath which envelops the whole of the upper 
limb. It arises from the brachial aponeurosis, 
from ;i fibrous expansion of the tendon of the 
biceps muscle, front the epioondyle, epitrocblea, 
and, behind, from the tendon of 'the triceps bra- 
chials. Within, it is inserted into the cubitus. 
etc: and, below, is confounded with the two an- 
nular ligaments of the carpus. It is cov< red by 
the skin, by veins, lymphatics, and by filaments 
of superficial nerves ; it covers the muscles of the 
fore-arm, adheres to them, and sends between 
them several fibrous septa, which serve them for 
points of insertion. 


ANTIBRO'MIC, An«t6ro'»tcus > from avn, 
'against,' and Ppw/iog, 'foetor.' A Bco'dorizer. 
An agent that destroys offensive odours — as 
chloride of zinc, simple sulphate of alumina. ,v.-. 

AN TICACHEC'TTC, Anticachec'ticue, Antica- 
cochym'ic, from avn, 'against,' and Ka^ia, 'ca- 
chexy.' A remedy against cachexy. 

ANTICACOCHYMIO, Antieachectic. 

AXTK'AX'CEROUS, Anticancero'nu, AnH- 
eancro'sus, Anticareinom'atous, Antiachir'roue, 
from inn, 'against, ami KapKivwfta, 'cancer,' car- 
cinoma. Opposed to cancer. 

ANTie LNCROSUS, Anticanceroue. 


ANTICARDITJM, FossetU du eatur, Serobicu- 
lus cordis. 

ANTICATAR'RIIAL, Antioatarrha'lis, Anti- 
catarrho'ictu, from avn, 'against.' and Karappof, 
'catarrh.' A remedy for catarrh. 

ANTICAUSOD'IC, Anttcatuofic, Antieau- 
eod'icuB, from avn, 'against,' and icavoos, 'a burn- 
ing fever.' A remedy for causus or inflammatory 

ANTICAUSOTIC, Lnticausodic 

ANTICHEIR, Pollex, see I)i 

ANTICIKERADICUS, A nti scrofulous. 

ANTICHOL'ERIC, Anticholer'icus, from am, 
'against,' and cholera. A remedy against cho- 

A.NTICIIOLERICA, Sophora beptapbylla. 

ANTICIPATING, Antic"ipans, Ante] 
Prolept'icu*, (P.) Anticipant. An epithet 
periodica] phenomenon, recurring at pro 
ively shorter interval-. An anticipating inter- 
mittent IS one iii which the' interval.- between the 
parox \ -in- beoome progri ssiv( 1 1 


AXTH <i:i /,'. Scrobioulue cordis. 

AN'ITCOL'IC, Anticol'icue, from am, 'against,' 
and ku>\ikos, 'the colic.' That which is opposed 

to colic. 

ANTICOMMA, Contre-ooup. 




AXTICOPE, Contre-coup. 


AXTICRUSIS, Contre-coup. 

ANTICRUSMA, Contre-coup. 

ANTICUS, Anterior. 

ANTIDA R THE UX, Antiberpetic. 

AXTIDEIXIS, Counter-indication. 

AXTIDIARRHCE'IC, Antidiarrhoe'icus. A 
remedy for diarrhoea. Opposed to diarrhoea. 

ANTIB'INIC, Antidin'icus, Din'ic, Diu'icus, 
fvomavTi, ' against/ and Stvos, 'vertigo.' Opposed 
to vertigo. 

AN'TIBOTAL, Antidota'lis, same etymon as 
antidote. Relating to an antidote; possessed of 
the powers of an antidote. 

ANTIBOTA'RIUM, from avnhorov, 'an anti- 
dote.' A dispensatory. A pharmacopoeia or for- 
mulary. Ax'tidotary was used formerly for any 
composition that had the properties of an anti- 

ANTIBOTARY, see Antidotarium. 

ANTIDOTE, Antid'ot urn, from avn, 'against, 
and <3«5w/u, 'I give.' Originally, this word signi- 
fied an internal remedy. It is now used synony- 
mously with counter-poison, antiphar'macum, (F.) 
Contre-poison, and signifies any remedy capable 
of combating the effect of poison. 

A List of reputed Antidotes. 

1. Metals. 
Iron Filings. 
Zinc Filings. 

2. Acids. 
Tannic Acid. 
Acetic or Citric Acid. 

3. Salts. 
Alkaline or Earthy Sul- 

Chloride of Sodium. 
Hypochlorite of Soda or 
of Lime. 

4. Alkalixes. 

Carbonates of Ammonia. 
Carbonates of Soda. 

Carbonate of Magnesia- 
Lime Water. 


5. Sllphcrets. 
Sulphuretted Hydrogen, 

dissolved in water. 
Sulphuret of Potassium. 

6. Haloids. 

7. Metallic Oxides. 
Hydrated Sesqui-oxide of 

Mixed Oxides of Iron. 

8. Organic Substances. 
Albuminous Substances, 

(Albumen, Casein, and 


Animal Charcoal. 

macos — a. Mithridatium, Mithridate. 

ANTIDYNAMTCA, Debilitants. 


ANTIDYSENTER'IC, Antidysenter'icus, from 
7.vti, 'against,' Svs, 'with difficulty,' and evrepov, 
'intestine.' Opposed to dysentery. 

AN TIE MB T'l C, Antemet'ic, Antiemet'icus, 
from avn, 'against,' and tnzTiKos, 'emetic' A 
remedv for vomiting. 

Antipphial'ticus, from avn, 'against,' and z^iaXrns, 
' nightmare.' A remedy for nightmare. 

Antiepilep'ticus, from avn, 'against,' and em- 
\ndia, 'epilepsy.' A remedy for epilepsy. 


ANTIGALACTIC, Antiyalac'ticus, Antilac'- 
teus, from avn, 'against,' and ya\a, yaXaicTog, 
'milk.' (F.) Antilaiteux. Opposed to the secre- 
tion of milk or to diseases caused by the milk. 

collyrium of Axtig'oxus. It was composed of 
cadmia, antimony, pepper, verdigris, gum Arabic, 
and water. 

ANTIGUA, see West Indies. 

AXTIHLEMOPTYICUS, Anthaamoptyicus. 

AXTIHEC'TIC, Antihec'ticus, Anthec'ticus, 
from avn, 'against/ and '*:£<?, ' habit of body.' 

The Antihec'ticum Pote'rii is the white oxyd of 
antimony; also called Biaphoret'icum Jociu'le. 

ANTIHELIX, Anthelix. 

_ ANTIHEMORRHAG'TC, Antihaimorrhag" '- 
icu8, Anth(Bmorrhag"icus, from avn, 'against,' 
and 'aipoppuyia, 'hemorrhage.' That which is 
against hemorrhage; an antihemorrhagic re- 

AXTIHEMORRHOID'AL,A/if/7^wo?-r7 ( oV^«'- 
lis, from avn, 'against/ and 'ai/xoppoices, 'hemor- 
rhoids.' A remedy for hemorrhoids. 

AXTIHERPET'IC, Antiherpet'ivus, from avn, 
'against,' and 'ep-es, 'herpes.' (F.) Antidartreux. 
A remedy for herpes. 

ANTIHYDROPHOB'IC, Antihydrophob'icus, 
Antilys'sus, Alys'sus, from avn, 'against/ 'vSup, 
'water/ and >po(ios, 'dread.' A remedy for hydro- 

AXTIHYDROPTC, Antihydrop'icus, Hydrop'- 
icus, from avn, 'against,' and e vSpu)\p, ' dropsy.' A 
remedy for dropsy. 

AXTIHYPXOTIC, Anthvpnotic. 

AXTIHYSTERIC, Anthysteric. 

ANTI-ICTERIC, Anti-icter'icus, Icter'icus, 
from avn, i against/ and innpos, 'jaundice.' A 
remedy for jaundice. 

Liquor Hydrar^yri oxymuriatis. 

AXTILABIUM, Prolabium, see Antolabia. 

ANTILACTEUS, Antigalactic. 

ANTILAITEUX, Antigalactic. 

AXTILEP'SIS, Appreheu'sio, from avn\a/x- 
i3acw, ' I take hold of.' The mode of attaching a 
bandage over a diseased part, by fixing it upon 
the sound part?. — Hippocrates. The mode of 
securing bandages, &c, from slipping. Treat- 
ment by revulsion or derivation. 

AXflLETHAR'GIC, AntiletJwr'f/icus, from 
avn, 'against/ and XijdapyiKos, 'affected with 
lethargy.' A remedy for lethargy. 

ANTILITH'ICS, Antilith'ica, Lith'ica, from 
avn, 'against/ and At0o?, 'a stone.' A substance 
that prevents the formation of calculi in the uri- 
nary organs. 

The chief antilithics — according as the calculi 
are lithic acid or phosphatic — are alkalies or 
acids ; with revellents, especially change of air ; 
tonics, as diosma crenata [?], and uva ursi [?]. 

celebrated French medicinal spring, near Meaux, 
in France. The waters have not been analyzed; 
but astonishing and chimerical effects have been 
ascribed to them. 

AXTILOBIUM, Antitragus, Tragus. 

AXTILOI'AIIC, Antiloi' miens, Antiloe'mic, An- 
tipestilentia'lis, from avn, ' against/ and Xoipos, 
'the plasue.' A remedy for the plague. 

AXTILO'PUS. The An' telope. (F.) Gazelle, 
from avQoi, 'a flower,' and w\p, 'the eye' — so 
called from its beautiful eye. An African animal, 
whose hoofs and horns were formerly given in 
hysteric and epileptic cases. 

AXTILYSSUS, Antihydrophobic. 

ANTIMEL'ANCHOLIC, Antimclancnol'icus, 
from avn, 'against/ and /xcXay^oXia, 'melan- 
cholv.' A remedy for melancholy. 

AXTIaIEPHIT'IC, Antimephit'icus, from avn, 
'against/ and mepliitic. A remedy against me- 
phitic or deleterious gases. 

ANTIMIASMAT'IC, Antimiasmat'icus, from 
avn, 'against/ and piaapta, piaapiarog, 'miasma.' 
A remedy against miasmatic affections. 

ANTIMOINE, Antimonium — a. Beurre d\ 
Antimonium muriatum — a. Chlorure d', Antimo- 
nium muriatum — a. Oxide d', Algaroth — a. Oxide 
blanc d', Antimonium diaphoreticum — a. Soufre 
dore d', Antimonii sulphuretum pra?cipitatum — 
a. Sulfure d', Antimonium — o. Sulfure, liydrosul- 



phure rouge d', Antimonii sulphuretum rubrum 
— a. Verre >(', Antimonii vitrum. 

ANTIMO'Nl VL, Antinonia' li$,Stibia'li; from 
antimonium, 'antimony.' A composition into 
which antimony enters. A preparation of anti- 

Am imo'ni vi. Powdeb, Pulria antimonia'lis, 
Ox'idum antimo'nii cum phot'phati calcia, Phos- 
pkaa ealcis ttibia 1 tus sen cal'cicum ttibia'tum, 
Pul'vit -■ a ttibia'tus sou dephos'phate 

■ i ttib'ii eompositue, Factitious James's 
-, Schwanbbbq's Fever Powder, Chene- 
VTX's Antitnonial Powder, (F.) Poudre antimo- 
mpoeie ou dt James. A peroxide of an- 
timony combined with phosphate of lime. (Take 
of common tulphurei of antimony, thj ; hartehorn 
thavingt, Ibij. Roast in an iron pot, until they 
form a irra v powder. Put this into a l< 
with a small hole in the cover. Keep it in a red 
heat for two hours, and grind to a fine powder.) 
This preparation has long been esteemed as a 
febrifuge: but it is extremely uncertain in its 
action. The ordinary dose is 6 or 8 grains. 


sulphuretum prmcipitatum — a. Tartar, Antimo- 
nium tartarizatum*. 

ANTIMONII BUTTRUM, Antimonium mu- 
riatum — a. Calx. Antimonium diaphoreticum — a. 
1 i, Antimonium diaphoreticum — a. et Po- 

tasssa tartras, Antimonium tartarizatum — a. Mu- 
rias. Antimonium muriatum — a. Oleum, Antimo- 
nium muriatum — a. Oxydulum hydrosulphuratum 
aurantiacum, Antimonii Bulphuretum prsecipita- 
tum — a. Oxydum, see Algaroth — a. Oxydum auni- 
tum. Antimonii sulphuratum prsscipitatum — a. 
Oxydum nitro-muriaticum, Algaroth — a. Oxydum 
cum Bulphure vitrifactum, Antimonii vitrum — a. 
Oxydum sulphuretum vitrifactum, Antimonii vi- 
trum — a. Oxysulphuretum, A. sulphuretum praeci- 
pitatum — a. Potassio-tartras, Antimonium tartari- 
zatum — a. Regulus medicinalis, Antimonium me- 
dicinale — a. Sal, Antimonium tartarizatum — a. 
Sulphur auratum, Antimonii sulphuretum pr»- 
eipitatum — a. Sulphur praecipitatum, Antimonii 
sulphuretum praecipitatum — a. Sulphuretum, 

Antimo'nii Sdxphube'tum Pb^CIPITA'tum, 
Sulphur antimonia'tum, Hydroaulphure'tum ati- 
bio'aum cum tul'phure, Oxo'des ttib'ii tulphura'- 
tum, 0.ri/(l' ul it in antimo'nii hydrosnlphura'tum 
auranti'acum, Ox'ydum aura' turn antimo'nii, Sul- 
phiire'liim ttib'ii oxydula'ti, Hydro-eulf are' turn 
In'/, urn o.r' i/ili atib'ii tulfura'ti, Sulphur antimo'- 
nii prcsdpita'tum, Sulphur aura' turn antimo'nii, 
Golden Sulphur of Antimony. 

Antimo'nii Sulphur e' turn Praecipitatum, A.Ocy- 
tnlphuretnm, (P.J Sou/re dori d'Antimoine, of the 
Lou. Ion Pharmacopoeia, is nearly the same as the 
ol 1 Kerme* or Chermet Mineral. It is a powder 
of an orange colour, of a metallic, styptic taste. 
It is emetic, diaphoretic, and cathartic, according 
to the dose; and has been chiefly used in chronic 
rheumatism, and in cutaneous affections. Dose, 
gr. j to gr. [t. 

Antimonii Sulphuretum Praecipitatum, of the 
i is Pharmacopoeia, is made by boiling 

r Sulphuret of Antimony, in fine powder. 
Solution of Potatta, and distilled water ; strain- 
ing the liquor while hot, and dropping into it 
Diluted Sulphuric Acid so long as it produces a 

Antimo'nii SulPHUBE'tuM RuBBtTM,J?ed Sul'- 
phuret of Antimony, Hydroeulfure'tum ttib'ii 
rubrum, Sub-hydrosul'fas ttib'ii, Hydro- tulphun '- 
turn rubrum ttib'ii tulphura'ti, Pulvit Carthusia- 
iio'ritiii, Kermet or Chermet mineral, (P.J Hydro- 
sulfure rouge d'Antimoine tulfuri, Vermilion de 

ce. Properties the same as the last. Dose, 
gr. j to gr. It. 

An riMONii TaBTBAS, Antimonium tartarizatum 
— a. Tartras el Potasssa, Antimonium tartarizatum 
— a. Vitrum byacinthinnm, Antimonii vitrum — a. 
Tersulphuretum, Antimonium. 

Antimo'nii Vitbum, Glass of Antimony, Anti- 
mo'nii ox'ydum tulphure'tum vitrifac'tnm, Ox'- 
ydum ttib'ii xt in i rit' ri a hi. Antimo'nium vitrifac'- 
tiim, Ox'ydum antimo'nii cum tul'phure vitrifac'- 
tuiu, ]~itruni ttib'ii, Antimo'nii vitrum A 
thinum, Oxyd'ulum atib'ii vitrea'tum, I 
d'Aiitiimiiin . (Formed by roasting powdered 
common antimony in a shallow vessel, over a 
gentle fire, till it is of a whitish -ray colour, and 
emits DO fumes in a red heat ; then melting it. on 
a quick fire, into a clean, brownish red glass.) 
It has been used for preparing the tartarized 
antimony and antitnonial wine. 

ANTIMONIOUS ACID, Antimonium diapho- 

ANTIMO'NIUM, of unknown derivation; by 
some supposed to be from am, 'against,' and 
povos, 'alone;' i. e. not found alone: or, accord- 
ing to others, from avrt, 'against,' and n 
monk;' because, it is asserted, certain monks 
Buffered much from it. Stibi, Stib'ium, Reg'ulus 
Antimo'nii, Minera'lium, Gynesce'um, Ma 
Satur'ni, Marcati'ta plum'bea, Platyophthal'mon, 
Stim'mi, Aurum lepro'sum, Antimo'nium crudum, 
Antimo'nii tulphure'tum (Ph. U. S.), A. Tersul- 
phure'tum, Sulphure'tum atib'ii nigrum, C 
or Crude Antimony, Sulphuret of Antimony, (F.) 
Antimoine, Sulfure d'Antimoine. Sulphuret of 
antimony is the ore from which all the prepara- 
tions of antimony are formed. In Pharmacy, it 
is the native sesquisulphuret of antimony, puri- 
fied by fusion. When prepared for medical use, 
by trituration and levigation, it forms a powder, 
Antimo'nii tulphure'tum prapara'tum, (Ph. D.) 
of a black, or bluish gray colour, which is inso- 
luble. It is slightly diaphoretic and alterative, 
and has been used in chronic rheumatism, cuta- 
neous diseases, <tc. 

Antimonium Album, Bismuth — a. Calcinatum, 
Antimonium diaphoreticum. 

Antimo'nii-m Diapbobbt'icttm, Diaph 
Antimony, Antimo'nious Acid, Min'eral li> . 
Antimo'nium Oalcina'tum, Mineral Diaphoretic, 
Matiire perlie de Kbbkbing, Peroxide of Anti- 
mony, Calx Antimo'nii, Antimo'nium diaphoret'- 
icuni latum, Cerus'sa Antimo'nii, Calx Antimo'nii 
elo'ta, Oxo'des xtih'ii album, Ox'ydum ttibio'tum, 
Ox'ydum atib'ii album median'ti vitro con 
Potassa biantimo'niat, Deutoxide of Antimony, 
(F.) O.cide llaiic d'Antimoine pripari j.o,- fa 
moyen du nitre, [Common antimony, Ibjj purified 
nitre, tbiij. — Throw it by Bpoonfuls into a red-hot 
crucible: powder and wash. The flowers that 
stick to the side of the crucible must be carefully 
Beparated, otherwise they render it emetic.) 
Dose, gr. x. to xxx. 

ANTIMONIUM Bmbticum, A. tartarizatum. 

Antimo'nium Mrdicina'lr, Reg'ulus Antimo'- 
nii Medicina'lis, Medic"inal Reg'nlut <■ 
mom/. (Antimon. tulphur. It Potass, 
t ^i Sodii chlorid. jjjiv. Powder, mix. and melt, 
when cold, separate the soorise at top, | 

the mass, and wa.-h it well.) It is conceived to 
be more active than common antin. 

Amimo'niim Muria'tum, Antimo'nii Mu'riat, 
Chlor'uret of An'timony, Chlorure'tum ttib'ii, 
Spuma trium draeo'num, l>< uto-mvrias ttib'ii 
tublima'tus, Butter of Antimonii, Muriatt of An- 
timony, Ohloridi of Antimony, Bitty'rum Antimo'- 
ttib'ii, O'letim Antimo'nii, Cavt'ticum anti- 
monia'li, Antimonium tali'tum, (P.) Chlorvre 
d'Antimoine, Beurre d'Antimoine. (Common an- 

A X T 1 M X Y 



timony and corrosive sublimate, of each equal 
parts : grind together, and distil in a wide-necked ; 
retort, and let the butyraceous matter, that comes 
over, run, in a moist place, to a liquid oil.) A i 
caustic, but not much used as such. Sometimes 
taken as poison. 

Ahtimokidm Sai.iti m. Antimonium muriatum. 

AvnMo'NirM Tartaiuza'tlm. Tartraa anti- 
mo'rtii, Tartraa Autimo'nii et Potas*ce, Antimo'- 
vii et Potassce Tartraa (Ph. U. S.), Antimo'nii 
potaa'aio-tartraa, Tartria Antimo'nii, Tartar An- 
ti mania' turn, Sal Antimo'nii, Tartraa Potas'scB 
atibio'atta seu atibia'lia, Tartria lixiv'iat stibia'tus, 
Deato-tartrafi potas'sce et stib'ii. Tar' tarns emet'- 
icus seu stibia'tus, Tar'tarum emet'icum, Antino'- 
nium emet'icum, Tar'tart'zed An' timony, Tartrate 
of Antimony and potas'sa, Potasaio-tarfrate of 
Antimony. Emet'ic Tartar, Tartar Emetic, (F.) 
Tartre stibie, Tartre Emetique, Emetique; in\ 
some parts of the United States, vulgarly and 
improperly called Tartar: (Made by digesting 
sidphuret of antimony in a mixture of nitric and 
muriatic acids with the aid of heat; filtering the 
liquor, and pouring it into water: freeing the |i 
precipitate from acid, by washing and drying it: 
adding this powder to bitartrate of potassa in 
boiling distilled water; boiling for an hour, and 
after filtering the liquor while hot. setting it 
aside to crystallize. — Ph. IT. S.) Tartarized an- 
timony is emetic, sometimes cathartic and dia- 
phoretic. Externally, it is rubefacient, and in 
the form of ointment, more especially unguent urn 
anti'monii is used to cause pustulatiou. Dose," as 
an emetic, gr. j to gr. iv in solution: as a dia- 
phoretic, gr. one-sixteenth to gr. one-quarter. 

The empirical preparation, called Norris's 
Drops, consists of a solution of tartarized anti- 
mony in rectified spirit, disguised by the addi- 
tion of some vegetable colouring matter. 

Antim OSTIUM Yitrifactum. Antiuionii vitrum. 

ANTIMONY. Antimonium — a. Butter of, 
Antimonium muriatum — a. Chloride of, Anti- 
monium muriatum — a. Chloruret of, Antimo- 
nium muriatum — a. Common, Antimonium — 
a. Crude, Antimonium — a. Deutoxide of, Anti- j 
monium diaphoreticum — a. Flowers of, Alga- 
roth — a. Glass of, Antimonii vitrum — a. Golden 
sulphur of, Antimonii sulphuretum praacipitatum j 
— a. Medicinal regulus of, Antimonium medici- 
nale — a. Muriate of, Antimonium muriatum — a. 
Peroxide of, Antimonium diaphoreticum — a. 
Potassio-tartrate of, Antimonium tartarizatum — 
a. Sulphuret of, red. Antimonii sulphuretum ru- 
brum — a. Tartarized. Antimonium tartarizatum — 
a. Terchloride of, see Algaroth — a. Teroxide of, 
see Algaroth — a. Yegetable, Eupatorium perfoli- 

Antimont axd Potassa, Tartrate of, Anti- 
monium tartarizatum. 

AXTIXEPHRIT'IC, Antinephret'ic, Antine- 
phret'icua, from avri, 'against,' and vtcppins, 'ne- 
phritis.' Aremedy for inflammation of the kidney. 



AXTIXIAD, see Antinial. 

AXTIXTAL, from avn, 'against,' and iviov, 
' the ridge of the occiput.' An epithet for an 
aspect towards the side opposite to the inion, or 
ridge of the occiput. — Barclay. Antiniad is used 
adverbially by the same writer, to signify 'to- 
wards the antinial aspect.' 

AXTI'OCIII II PER A. A preparation ex- 
tolled by the ancients in melancholy, hydropho- 
bia, epilepsy, etc. It was formed of germander, 
agaric, pulp of colocynth. Arabian stoechas, opo- 
ponax, sagapenum, parsley, aristolochia, white 
pepper, cinnamon, lavender, myrrh, honey. <fcc 

Axtiochi TheriacA. A theriac employ. 1 by 
Antiochus against every kind of poison. It was 

composed of thyme, opoponax, millet, trefoil, 
fennel, aniseed, nigella sativa, &c. 

AXTIODOXTAL'GIC, Antodontal'gic, Anto- 
dontaVgicus, Odontalgic, Odont'ic, Antiodontal'- 
gicus, from avn ' against,' and o&ovTa\yia, ' tooth- 
ache.' A remedy for toothache. 

AXTIORGAS'TIC, Antiorgae'tieua, from avn, 
'against,' and opyau), 'I desire vehemently.' A 
remedy for orgasm or erethism, and for irritation 
in general. 

AXTIPARALYT'IC, Antijmralyt'icus, from 
avri. 'against,' and -apaXvats, 'palsy.' Opposed 
to palsv. 

ANTIPARASITIC, Antiparasit'icus, Anti- 
phtheiriacus, Phthi' rius, Parasit'icide ; from avri, 
'against,' and -apaotros, 'a parasite.' An agent 
that destroys parasites, as the different vermin 
that infest the body. The chief antiparasitics 
are CoccuJus, Staph isagria, Veratrum album, and 
certain of the mercurial preparations. 

AXTIPARASTATI'TIS, from avn, 'opposite/ 
and TrapauTaTiji, ' the epididymis :' also, ' the pros- 
tate.' and ftt», denoting inflammation. Inflam- 
mation of Cowper's glands. 

AXTIPATHI'A, from avn. 'against,' and zaOog, 
'passion, affection.' Aversion. A natural re- 
pugnance to anv person or thing. 

AXTIPATH'IC, Antipath'icus, (F.) Antipa- 
thique. Belonging to antipathy. Opposite, con- 
trary. — -as humeurs anfipathiques; humours op- 
posed to each other. Also, palliatives. 

tip'ater. A farrago of more than 40 articles : 
used as an antidote against the bites of serpents. 

ANTIPERlOD'ICr Antiperiod'icus, Antityp'- 
icus, from avn. 'against,' and -rrcpiotios, 'period.' 
A remedy which possesses the power of arresting 
morbid periodical movements ; — e. g. the sulphate 
of quinia in intermittents. 

AXTIPERISTAL'TIC, Antiperistal'ticus. An- 
tirermic'ular, from avri, 'against,' and xcciotcWu), 
' I contract.' An inverted action of the intestinal 

AXTIPERI3'TASIS,from avri, 'against,' and 
jTtpicTaarig, 'reunion, aggregation.' A union of 
opposite circumstances : the action of two con- 
trary qualities, one of which augments the force 
of the other. The peripateticians asserted, that 
it is by Antiperistasis, that fire is hotter in winter 
than in summer. Theophrastus attributes the 
cause, which renders man more vigorous, and 
makes him digest more readily in winter, to the 
augmentation of heat caused by Antiperistasis. 

AXTIPER'XIUS, from avn, 'against,' and 
Pernio, 'a chilblain.' A remedy against chil- 
blains: — as Ungnen'tum antiper'nium, an oint- 
ment for chilblains. 

AXTIPERTUSSIS, see Zinci sulphas. 


ANTIPHARMACUS. Alexipharmic. 

AXTIPHLOGIS'TIC, Antiphlogis'ticus, Phlo- 
go'gus, from avn, ' against,' and 0A£ya>, ' I burn.' 
Opposed to inflammation; as Antiphlogistic re- 
medies, A. reqimen, &c 

AXTIPHTHEIRIACA, Antiphthiriaca, from 
avn, 'against,' and (pSttpiaw, 'I am lousy.' A 
remedy used to destrov lice. 

AXTIPHTHISTCAL, Antiphthis'icns, from 
avn, 'against,' and (j>$kjis, 'consumption.' Op- 
posed to phthisis. 

AXTIPHYSETICS, Carminatives. 

AXTIPHYSICA, Carminatives. 

AXTIPHYS'ICAL, Antiphys'icus, from avn, 

• against,' and <pv<rau, 'I blow.' An expeller of 
wind : a carminative. 

It has also been used for any thing preterna- 
tural ; here, the derivation is from avn, ' against,' 
and (pvcts, 'nature.' The French sometimes say, 

• Un gout antiphysique,' 'an unnatural taste.' 

A N T I ? L A a r I C 



PtattHi/t'icus, from avn, ' against,' and r>tiart«:of, 

'formative.' Antiformative, An agent that 
diminishes the quantity of plastic matter — fibrin 
— in the bl 

AXTIPLKrUIT'IC. Antij.lsuret'icu*, Antl- 
pJeitret'ir. from aire. • against/ and irXevpms, 

4 plem ■ pleurisy. 

AN riPNEUMON'IC, Autism union' icm, from 
airi, 'against/ and rrvcvfiuvia, 'disease or inflam- 
mation of the Inn,'-.' A remedy for disx 
inflammation of the In: 

[POD LGRIC, Antiarthritic. 
ANTIPRAX'IS, from urn, 'against,' and 
rpaacu), ' I act.' A contrary state of different 
part.- in the same patient : 8. g. an increase of 
lieat in one organ, and diminution in another. 

ANTIPSOR'IC, Antipeo' fens, Antieea'bioue, 
from mm, 'against,' and ^w,/<i. 'the itch.' (F.) 
Antign ' i the itch. 

A \ CIPUTRID, Antiseptic. 
A.N riPY'IO, Antipy'ieme, from a\Ti, 'against,' 

:. 'pus.' Opposed to suppuration. 
ANTIPYRETIC, Febrifuge. 
AN riPYROT I >'ieu«, from avn, 

'against,' and -m, 'tire.' Opposed to burns or 
- -. 
ANTIQUARTANA'RIUM, Antiquar'tium. A 
remedy formerly used against quartan fever. 
AN riQUUS, Chi 

ANTIRHACHIT'IC, Antirkaekit'ieut, from 
nirt. 'against,' and rachitis. Opposed to rachitis, 
or rie' 

A NTIRHEQ M AT'IC, Autirrheumaficuej from 
am, ' against,' and femprn, 'rheumatism.' A re- 
For rheumatism. 
ria — a. Aurioulatum, A. Blatine. 

AlfTTKHl'vUll Ei.ati'nk. A. auricula'tum, Ela- 
!.'. haeta'ta, Lina'ria elati'ne, Oymbala'ria 
elati'ni, FlnelUn or Female s as for- 

merly need against seurry and old ulcerations. 

Antikiiintm HBDlKAClUlf, A. Linaria — a. 
Hedersafolium, A. Linaria. 

AvriiiHr.vrM Lina'kia. A. hedera'ceum seu 
- t aeutan'gulum, Lina' 
tndga'ri* seu eymbala'ria, Elati'ne cymbalo' - 
.•'■I, Cymbala'ria mura'lie, Oey'rie, Urina'ria, 
Linaire, Ord. Scrophu- 
res bars a bitterish taste. They 
wd cathartic. An 
ointment made from them has been extolled in 
ANTISCABIOUS, Antipsoric. 

rTISCIRRHOUS, Anticancerous. 
ANTIS OLBTICUS, Anthelmintic. 

ANTISCORBU'TIC, Anti—orfrttiau, from 
ui-i, • against,' and scorbutus, 'the scurvy.' Op- 

fF'ULOUS, AntiHc.roph'ulon*. An- 

Uietrvmo'etu, Antiehatrad'ieue. 

A N T I B E P'T 1 C, AntUep'ticue, Antipn'trid, 
from uiTt, 'against,' and o-j/Troy, 'putrid.' Anti- 
limo'eu*. Opposed to putrefaction. The 
chief . internally or externally em- 

ployed, are Acidum Muriatieum, Acidum Ifitri- 
Aeidum Sulphurieum, Alumina', tulphat, 
Carbo Ligni, Calx Chlorinate, Ohlorin'ium, Cin- 
ive prineipl . Dauei 

i Chlorinata, 
and Zinci Ckloridum. 

H) CIS1 LL'AGOGUE, Antuialagt/gut, Anti- 

si'n/us, from avn, ' against,' and aiaXov, 'saliva.' 

A remedy again si ptyalism. 

AN HSPA8I8, Derivation, Bemlsion. 


■iii, from avn, 'against, and c-au, 'I con- 

traet.' Oppi - tn. The whole operation 

of antispasmodies is probably revulsive. The 

following are the chief reput I modios. 

./.'///»;• Sulphurieum, Ama/atida, Camtoreum, Dra- 
eontium, Momehum, Oleum Animal* Dippelii, and 
Valeriana — with the mental antispasmod* 

.-traction, powerful emotion-, fear, Ac. Of direct 
antispasmodics, we have no example. 

ANTISPASTICUS, Antis] asmodie, Deriva- 

ANTISQUA'MIC, Amimqua'micum j from anti, 
-■.' and tquama, 'a .-■ ale.' A name given 
by .Mr. Headland to a medicine, which, I » % 
on the blood, removes cutaneous affection-. The 
name is inappropriate, as the true scaly diseases 
— lepra and psoriasis — arc not the only ones that 
require the use of eutrophics. 

ANTISTASIS, Antagonism. 

AN 1 [8TBRYO/MA, from avn, 'against,' and 
oTripvyiia, ' a support.' A fulcrum, support, crutch. 
— Hippocral 

ANTISTBR'NUM, from am, 'against,' and 
orepvov, 'the sternum.' 'J'he back. — Rufns. 

ANTISTRUMOUS, Antiscrofulons. 

A N TT8YPHILTT'IC, Antieyphilifieum, from 
avn, 'against,' and myphilia, 'the venereal dis- 
the venereal di- 

ANTITASIS, Counter-extension. 
ANTITHENAR, Opponena pollieis, Adductor 

pollicis pedis. 

AXTITHERMA, Refrigerants. 

ANTITIIORA. Aconitum authors. 

ANTITRAG'ICUS, Antitra'geum, (F.) Mumele 
de VAmitrague, M. antitragien. — (Oh.) Belong- 
ing to the antitragus. A small muse!. 
called, the existence of which is not constant. 
It occupies the space between the antitragus and 

A A 77 77? A GIEX, Antitragicus. 

ANTIT'RAGUS, from mm, 'opposite to/ and 
rpayog, 'the tragus,' Antilo'bium, Oblo'bium. A 
conical eminence on the pavilion of the ear, op- 
posite the tr; 

ANTITYP'IA, from avTi, 'against/ and tv-tu>, 
'I strike.' Resistance. Hardness. Repercus- 

ANTITYPICU8, Antiperiodio. 

ANTIVENE'REAL, Antivene'reue, from avn, 
'against,' and Venttt, 'Venus.' The same as An- 
tisyphilitic Formerly it was need synonymously 
with A ntaph rodisiac. 

ANTIVERMICULAR, Antiperistaltic. 

ANTIVBRMINOSUS, Anthelmintic. 

ANT'LIA or ANTLI'A, from avr\ttv, 'to 

pump out.' A syringe; a pump. Henee, Antlia 

Lactitu'gium, a breast-pump; and Antlia 

tanguien'ga, Antibdel'la, Hiru'do artiju in'lis, tho 

exhau-tini: syringe used in cupping. 

Anti i \ 1 1 3tomach-pump. 

ANTODONTALGIC, Antiodontalgie, 

ANT0DYNU8, Anodyne. 

ANTRAX, Anthrax. 

ANTRE, Antrum — a. d'Hyghmore, Antrum 
of Highmore. 

ANTROVERSIO, Ant rersio. 

ANTRUM, 'a cavern, 1 . Bar' a thrum, 

(P.) Antre. A name given to certain cavities in 
the entrance to which is smaller than the 

AltTRDN Arms, Tympanum — a. BoccinOSUm, 
Co, -hi. 'a. Labyrinth — a. Dentals, see Tooth — a. 
Pylori, .-ee Stomach. 

Antim m of HlQHVORK, Antrum ffigkmorta'- 
i maxilla' rl Ben maxil'la eupe- 
rio'rix, Qenyan'trum, Onathan'trum, ifax'iflary 
Sinn*. \ oituita'riua, i P. ) Antrt fl i 

Sinnt Maxillaire. A deep cavity in tho 
substance of the superior maxillary bon< 
municating with the middle meatus of the nose. 




It is lined by a prolongation of the Schneiderian 

ANULARIS, Annular. 
ANULUS, Fossette. 
ANURESIS, Ischuria. 
ANURIA, Ischuria. 
ANUROCRINIE, see Ischuria. 
ANURORRHEE, see Ischuria. 
ANUS, 'a circle,' Podex, Potex, Mol'yne, Mo- 
lyn'ie, Dactyl'ios, Cath'edra, Cyr'ceon, Cys'saros, 
Cysthos, Aph'edra, Aph'edron, Hedru, Proctos, 
Archos, Sedes, Cuius, Cu'leon. The circular open- 
ing situate at the inferior extremity of the rectum, 
by which the excrement is expelled. The funda- 
'iient. The body. The seat, (F.) Siege, Fonde- 

Anus also signifies the anterior orifice of the 
Aqueduct of Sylvius. By some, this Anus, called, 
also, Fora'men commu'ne poste'rius, has been 
supposed to form a communication between the 
back part of the third ventricle and the lateral 
ventricles. It is closed up, however, by the tela 
choroidea, and also by the fornix, which is inti- 
mately connected with this. The foramen is 
situate between the commissura mollis of the 
optic thalami and the pineal gland. 

Anus, Artificial. An opening made artifi- 
cially, to supply the place of the natural anus. The 
term is often used to include preternatural anus. 
Anus Cerebri, see Aquaeductus Sylvii. 
Anus, Contract'ed, (F.) Anus retreci. A state 
of the anus when, from some cause, it is con- 

Anus, Imperforate. A malformation, in 
which there is no natural anus. See Atresia ani 

Anus, Preternat'urAL, (F.) Anus contre na- 
ture, A. anormal. An accidental opening which 
gives issue to the whole or to a part of the faeces. 
It may be owing to a wound, or, which is more 
common, to gangrene attacking the intestine in 
a hernial sac. 

This term is also employed, as well as Anus 
devie, de'vious anus, to the case where the anus, in- 
stead of being in its natural situation, is in some 
neighbouring cavity, as the bladder, vagina, etc. 
ANXIETAS, Anxiety — a. Praecordiorum, see 

ANXFETY, Anxi'etas, Anxi'etude, Adaemo'- 
nia, Dyspho'ria anxi'etas, Alys'mus, Al'yce, AV - 
ysis, Ase, (F.) Anxiete, from angere, Gr. ay-^ziv, 
'to strangle, to suffocate.' A state of restlessness 
and agitation, with general indisposition, and a 
distressing sense of oppression at the epigastrium, 
Anxi'etas prcecordio'rum. Inquietude, anxiety, 
and anguish, represent degrees of the same con- 

ANYPNIA, Insomnia. 

AOCHLE'SIA, from a, priv., and o^\os, ' dis- 
turbance.' Tranquillity, calmness. 

AOR'TA, Arte'ria magna seu crassa seu max'- 
ima, HcBinal Axis, of Owen, (F.) Aorte. This 
name was given by Aristotle to the chief artery 
'of the body. It may have been derived from 
aoprcofiai, 'I am suspended,' as it seems to be 
suspended from the heart; or from arjp, 'air/ and 
Tt]pe(i), 'I keep,' because it was supposed to con- 
tain air. It is probable that Hippocrates meant 
by aopTtii. the bronchia and their ramifications. 
The aorta is the common trunk of the arteries of 
the body. It arises from the left ventricle of the 
heart, about opposite to the fifth dorsal vertebra, 
passes upwards {ascending Aorta), forms the great 
arch of the Aorta, and descends along the left 
of the spine {descending Aorta), until it reaches 
the middle of the fourth or fifth lumbar vertebra, 
where it bifurcates, to give origin to the common 
iliacs. The aorta is sometimes divided into the 

Thoracic or Pectoral, and the Abdominal. For 
the arteries which arise from it, etc., see Artery. 
AOR TASTE, Aorteurysma. 
AORTECTASIE, Aorteurysma. 
AORTEURYS'MA, from ao^rr,, 'the aorta,' 
and evpv$, 'dilated.' Aneurism of the Aorta, (F.) 
Anevrysme de V Aorte, Aortectasie, Aortasie. — 
Piorry. By carefully auscultating over the dor- 
sal vertebrae, a bellows' sound, with a deep and 
not always perceptible impulse, may be detected. 
AOR'TIC, Aor'ticus. Relating to the Aorta. 
The Aortic ventricle, (F.) Ventricule Aortique, is 
the left ventricle. • The Aortic valves are the sig- 
moid valves at the origin of the Aorta, etc. 

AORTI'TIS, Inflamma' tio Aor'tce, from Aorta, 
and itis, denoting inflammation. Inflammation 
of the aorta. 

AORTRA, Aortron. A lobe of the lungs.— 

AO'TUS, from a, privative, and ovg, wroj, 'an 
ear.' A monster devoid of ears. — Gurlt. 

APAG'MA, Apoclas'ma, Apocecaulis'nienon, 
from tmo, 'from,' and ayu, 'I remove.' Separa- 
tion, abduction. Separation of a fractured bone. 
— Galenus, Foesius. 

APAGOGE, Defecation, Inductio. 
APALACHINE, Ilex vomitoria— a. d Feuilles 
de Prunier, Prinos — a. Gallis, Ilex vomitoria. 

APAL'LAGE, Apallax'is, from anaXaTru), 'I 
change.' Mutation, change. It is generally 
taken in a good sense, and means the change 
from disease to health. — Hippocrates. 
APALLAXIS, Apallage. 

APALOT'ICA, from a^aXo-ms, 'softness, ten- 
derness.' Fortuitous lesions or deformities affect- 
ing the soft parts. The first order in the class 
Tychica, of Good. 
APANTHESIS, Apanthismus. 
A PAN T HIS 'M US, Apanthe'sis, from aro, 
'from,' and avOeoy, 'I flower.' The obliteration 
of parts previously inservient to useful purposes, 
as of the ductus venosus and ductus arteriosus, 
which are essential to foetal existence, but are 
subsequently unnecessary. See also Stuprum. 

APANTHRO'PIA, from otto, 'from,' and av- 
•&/3wrroy, 'man.' Detestation of man; desire for 
solitude. — Hippocrates. One of the symptoms 
of hypochondriasis. 

APAPHRISMOS, Despumation. 
APARACH'YTUM VINUM. from a, priv., 
and TTapaxvu), 'I pour over.' The purest wine: 
that which has not been mixed with sea-water. — 

APARINE, Galium aparine — a. Hispida, Ga- 
lium aparine. 

AP ARTHROSIS, Diarthrosis. 
AP'ATHY, Apathi'a, Ameli'a, from a, priva- 
tive, and na&os, 'affection.' (F.) Apathie. Ac- 
cidental suspension of the moral feelings. It 
takes place in very severe diseases, particularly 
in malignant fevers. 

APECHE'MA, from ano, 'from,' and nx°s> 
'sound.' Properly the action of reflecting sound. 
In medicine, it is synonymous with the Latin 
Contrafissura, a counter-fissure, a counter-blow. 
— Gorraeus, Celsus. 

APECTOCEPHALUS, Acephalothorus. 
APEL'LA, AppeVla, Leipoder'mos, Recuti'tus, 
from a, priv., and pellis, 'skin.' One whose pre- 
puce does not cover the glans. — Galenus, Lin- 
naeus, Vogel. Retraction or smallness of any 
other soft appendage. — Sagar. One who is cir- 

APEPSIA, Dyspepsia. 

APE'RIENT, Ape'riens, Aperiti'vus, from ape- 
rire (ab and pario), 'to open.' Res'erans. A 
laxative. (F.) Aperitif. A medicine which 
gently opens the bowels. The term had for- 
merly a much more extensive signification, and, 



like Catalyt'icum, was given to a substance sup- 
post 1 to nave the power of opening any of the 
. and i'vi'u the blood-vessels. 

APERIS'TATON, Aperis'tatum, from a, pri- 
vative, and xtpuTTtint, ' I surroand.' An epithet 
f.-r an ul er Dot dangerous nor considerable nor 
surrounded by inflammation. 

APERITIF, Aperient. 

APERITIVUS, Aperient. 

APERTOR OCULI, Levator palpebral supe- 

APERTO'RIUM, from aperio, 'I open.' An 
instrument for dilating the OS uteri during labour. 

APERTURA, Mouth— a. Anterior rentriouli 
rebri, Vulva (cerebri) — a. Pelvis superior, 


APEX, Macro. The point or extremity of a 
part. — as the apex of the tongue, nose, etc. 

APB X LlNGO B, Progl 

AlMLi;i;i:<lS. Apheresis, Extirpation. 

APHALANQI'ASIS, from a. 'intensive." and 
6a\ay^, 'phalanx.' The fourth stage of Oriental 
. which is recognised chiefly by a gangre- 
nous condition of the tii 

APB iSSOM'ENOS, from a<?aaau>, 'I touch, I 
feel.' The touching of the parts of generation 
of the female as a means of diagnosis. — Hippo- 
crates. 8ee Bsaphe. 


APHEDRIA, Menses. 


APHELI'A, a<pe\T)$, 'simple.' Simplicity. 
The simple manners of the sect of Methodists in 
teaching and practising medicine. 

APHELX'IA, from a<pc\Kw, 'I abstract.' Vo- 
luntary inactivity of the whole or the greater 
part of the external senses to the impressions of 
surrounding objects, during wakefulness. Re- 
tery, (P. Riverie. Dr. Good has introduced 
this into his Nosology, as well as Aphel 
cors or absence of mind — .1. inten'ta or attrac- 
tion of mind: and A. otio'sa, Stu'dium ina'ne, 
tpu'dia, brown study or listless muting. 

APHEPSEMA, Decoction. 

APHEPSIS, Decoction. 

APHE'RESIS, Apha' resis, from a<paipcw, 'I 
take away.' An operation by which any part of 
the l". lv ia separated from the other. Hippo- 
crates, according to Foesius, uses the expression 
Aphce'n tii San'guinis for excessive hemorrhage; 
and Sennertus, to express the condition of an 
animal deprived both of the faculties of the mind 
and of the mind itself. 

APH'ESIS, from atpmyn, 'I relax.' A remis- 
sion. This word expresses sometimes the dimi- 
nution or cessation of a disease; at others, lan- 
guor and debility of the lower extremities. See 
Languor, and Remission. 

A PHI LAN'THROPY, Aphilanthro'pia,from a, 
privative, $i\t», 'I love,' and av$pu>nos, 'a man.' 
Dislike to man. Love of solitude. Vogel has 
given this name to the first degree of melancholy. 

APHTSTESlS, Abscess. 

APHODEUMA, Excrement. 

APIl'MM S, Excrement. 

APHONETUS, Aphonus. 

APHO'NIA, Liga'tio lingua, Loque/la abol'ita, 
De/ee'tus loque'Us, Dyspho'nia, (of some.) Aph'- 
! .i Aphonic, Perte de la \'<>i.r, from a, pri- 
vative, and 0uH»;. 'voice.' Privation of voice, or 
of the sounds that ought to be produced in the 
glottis. When aphonia forms part of catarrh or 
i.' it is commonly but of little consequence; 
but when produced by causes acting on the ner- 
vous Bystem, as by some powerful emotion, or 
without any appreciable le.-ion of the vocal appa- 
ratus, i Laryngo-paralysis,) it frequently resists 
all remedies. 

Aphonia, Catalepsy — a. Surdorum, Mutitas 

APHONICUS, Aphonus. 

APHO'NUS, Apko'nicuB, Apho'neluaj same 
ety.non. Relating to aphonia. 

APHONY, Aphonia. 

APH0R1 V. Bterilitas. 

AFUOllICUS. Sterile. 

APHORUS, Sterile. 

APHOR'ME, u+opfit}, 'occasion.' The exter- 
nal and manifest cause of any tiling. The occa- 
sional cause of a disease. — Hippocrates. 

APHRO'DES, 'frothy,' from a<p P os, 'foam,' 
and ci&os, 'resemblance.' Applied to the blood 
and the excrements. — Hippocrates. 

APIIRODISIA, Coition, Puberty. 

APHRODIS'IAC, Aphrodisiacus, from A$po- 
Sittj, 'Venus,' (F.) Aphrodisiaque. Medicine 
or food believed to be capable of exciting to the 
pleasures of love; as ginger, cantharideSj &c. 
They are generally stimulants. 



APHRODISIOG'RAPHY, from AtppoSirn, 'Ve- 
nus,' and ypa<pw, 'I describe.' Etymologically, 
this term means a description of the pleasures of 
love, but it has been placed at the head of a work 
describing the venereal disease. 

APHRODITIC, Venereal. 

APHROG'ALA, from a<Ppos, 'foam,' and ya\a, 
'milk.' Lac spumo'sum. A name formerly given 
to milk rendered frothy by agitation. 

APIIRONIA, Apoplexy. 

APIIRONITRUM, Xatrum, Soda. 

APHROSYNE, Delirium, Insanity. 

APHTHAE, AphtcB, Aptha, from a*™, 'I in- 
flame." Thruah or sore mouth. Aphtha laetu'ci- 
men seu Infan'tum, Laetu'citnen, Lactucim'ina, 
Lactu'mina, Al'colce, Em'phlyaia aphtha, Ulcera 
serpen' tia oris, Pus' tula oris, FebHs aphtho'sa, 
Angi'na aphtho'sa, Vesie'ula gingiva' rum, Sto- 
moti'tis exsudatt'va seu vesiculosa infan'tum, Sto- 
map'yra, S. aphtha, Prunel'la, White Thrush, 
Milk Thrush. Aphtha? consist of roundish, pearl- 
coloured vesicles, confined to the lips, mouth. 
and intestinal canal, and generally terminating 
in curd-like sloughs. In France, the Aphtha) of 
children, Aphthes des En fans, is called Muguet, 
Millet, Blanehet, Catarrhs buccal and Stomatite 
cremeuse pultacee, Pultaceous inflammation of 
the Mouth; and generally receives two divisions 
— the mild or discreet, (F.) Muguet binin ou dis- 
cret, and the malignant, (F.) Muguet malin ou 
confluent, the Black Thrush. Common Thrush is 
a disease of no consequence, requiring merely 
the use of absorbent laxatives. The malignant 
variety, which is rare, is of a more serious cha- 
racter, and is accompanied with typhoid symp- 
toms, — Typhus aphthotdeus. 

APHTHA Adultorum, Stomatitis, aphthous — a. 
Praoputii, Herpes prajputii — a. Serpentes, Cancer 

APH'THAPHYTE, Aphthaph'yton : Oul'ium 
alb' icons, Champignon du Muguet, from a<pdat, 
'aphtha',' and <pvroi>, 'a vegetable.' A parasitic 
vegetable growth observed in aphtha). 

APHTHE (;.\.\<;i:KXi:rX, Cancer aqua- 

APHTHES DES /.'X/'AXS, Aphtha). 
APHTHEUX, Aphthous. 

APHTHO'DES, Aphtholdes, Aphthotdeus, from 
aphtha', and uius, 'resemblance.' Aphthous-like. 
Resembling aphtha*. 

APH'THOUS, Aphtho'ius, (F.) Aphtheux. Be- 
j longing to aphthse; complicated with aphtha;; 
as Aphthous Feet r. 

, APIASTRUM, Melissa. 




GATA, Corpora striata — a. Digitoruin, Pu- 

APILEPSIA, Apoplexy. 

A'PIOL, Apio'lum, Parsley oil, from apium, 
'parsley,' and oleum, 'oil.' A yellowish oily 
liquid, obtained from opium petroselinum or 
parsley, which, in the dose of 15 grains, has 
been used as an antiperiodic. 

APIONTA, see Excretion. 

APIOS, Pyrus communis. 

APIS, Bee. 

API'TES, from a-niov, ' a pear.' Perry. — Gor- 

APIUM, A. graveolens — a. Ammi, Ainmi — a. 
Anisuin, Pimpinella anisum — a. Carvi, Carum. 

A'pium Graveolens, Apium, Pallida' pium, 
Jieli'num, Ses'eli graveolens, Slum graveolens seu 
apium, Smallage, (F.) Ache. Ord. Umbelliferoe. 
Sex. Syst. Pentandria Digynia. The plants, 
roots, and seeds are aperient and carminative. 
Selery is a variety of this. 

Apium Hoiitense, A. graveolens — a. Monta- 
num, Athamanta aureoselinum — a. Paludapium, 
A. Graveolens — a. Petrasurn,Bubon Macedonicum. 

Apium Petroseli'num, Apium Horten'se seu 
vulga're, Eleoseli' num. [ ? ], Grielum, Petroseli'- 
vum, Common Parsley, (F.) Persil. The root — 
Petroselinum, (Ph. U. S.) — and seeds are diuretic 
and aperient. See Apiol. 

Apium Sium, Sium nodiflorum — a. Vulgare, A. 

APLAS'TIC, Aplas'ticus, from a, privative, 
and *A«<Td-a), ' I form.' That which is not capable 
df forming ; or is not organizable. 

Aplastic Element; one which is unsuscep- 
tible of any farther amount of organization. — 

APLESTIA, Ingluvies, Intemperance. 

APLEU'ROS, from a, privative, and it^tvpov, 
' a rib.' One without ribs, or pleurae. — .Hippo- 
crates, Galen. 

APLOT'OMY, Aplotom'ia, from an\oos, 'sim- 
ple,' andrenvu), 'I cut.' A simple incision. 

APNEE, Apncea. 

APNEUMATOSIS, see Atelectasis. 

APNEU'MIA, from a, priv., and TTvtvjiwv, 'lung.' 
A monstrosity in which there is absence of lungs. 

APNEUMONER'VIA, Apneumoneu'ria, from 
a, priv., 7rv£ujuo>v, ' lung,' and vcvpov, ' nerve.' 
Want of nervous action in the lungs. 

APXEUSTIA, Apncea, Asphyxia. 

APNCE'A, from a, privative, and kvzw, ' I re- 
spire.' (F.) Apnee, Absenee of respiration, Re- 
ipira'tio abol'ita ; or insensible respiration. Also, 
Urthopnoea. See Asphyxia. 

Apncea Infantum, Asthma Thymicum. 


APNUS, axvoos, same etymon. One devoid of 
respiration. An epithet applied by authors to 
cases in which the respiration is so small and 
slow, that it seems suspended. — Castelli. It is 
probable, however, that the word was always ap- 
plied to the patient, not to the disease. 

APO, ano, a prefix denoting ' from, of, off, out.' 
Hence — 

APOBAMMA, Embamma. 

APOBAINON, Eventus. 



APOBLEMA, Abortion. 

APOBOLE, Abortion. 


APOCAPNISMUS, Fumigation. 

APOCATASTASIS, Considentia, Restauratio. 




APOCENO'SIS, Aposceno'sis, from ano, 'out,' 

and kevuois, 'evacuation.' A partial evacuation 

| according to some, in opposition to Cenosis, whicl 

signifies a general evacuation. — Cullen and Swe 

diaur apply it to morbid fluxes. 

Apocenosis, Abevacuatio — a. Diabetes melli 
tus, Diabetes — a. Ptyalismus mellitus, see Saliva 
tion — a. Vomitus pyrosis, Pyrosis. 

APOCHOREON, Excrement. 


APOCHREMPSIS, Exspuition. 

APOCH'YMA, from a^oy^o), 'I pour out.' A 
sort of tar, obtained from old ships, which is im- 
pregnated with chloride of sodium. It was used 
as a discutient of tumours. — Aetius, Paulus, 


APOCLASMA, Abduction, Apaguia. 

APOCLEISIS, Asitia, Disgust. 

APOCOPE, from ano, and Konreiv, 'to cut.' 
Abscission. A wound with loss of substance. 
Fracture with loss of part of a bone. Amputation. 

APOCOPUS, Castratus. 

APOCRISIS, Contagion, Excrement, Secre- 

APOCROUS'TIC, Apocrous'tica seu Apocrus' - 
tica, (remed'ia,) from aito, 'out,' and Kpovu), 'I 
push.' An astringent and repellent. — Galenus. 

APOCRUSTICA, Apocroustic. 

APOCYESIS, Parturition. 

APOCYN, see Apocynum Cannabinum. 

APOCYNIN, see Apocynum Cannabinum. 

U. S.) from airo, and kvwv, 'a dog,' because es- 
teemed, of old, to be fatal to dogs. Dog's Bane, 
Bitter Bog's Bane, Milkweed, Bitterroot, Honey- 
bloom, Catchfly, Flytrap, Ip 'ecac., Amer'ican Ipe- 
cac., (F.) Apocin gobe-mouche, A. amer. Ord. 
Apocynaceae. Sex. Syst. Pentandria Digynia. 
The root of this plant is found from Canada to 
Carolina. Thirty grains evacuate the stomach 
as effectually as two-thirds of the amount of 
Ipecacuanha, by which name it is known in vari- 
ous parts of the Eastern States. It is in the 
secondary list of the Pharmacopoeia of the United 

Apocynum Cannab'inum, (Ph. U. S.) Indian 
Hemp. This American plant possesses emetic, 
cathartic, diaphoretic and diuretic properties, has 
been strongly recommended in dropsy, and 
has been given in decoction, — gij of the rcct 
boiled in three pints of water to two. A wine- 
glassful for a dose. An active principle, Apocyn 
or Apocynin, has been extracted from the root. 

Apocynum Hypericefo'lium, a variety of A, 
cannabinum, which, as well as A. androsgemifo- 
lium, abounds in a milky juice. This, when ap- 
plied to the skin, produces a troublesome erup- 
tion resembling flea-bites : hence, the plants have 
been termed, by the voyageurs in the Hudson's 
Bay territory, Herbes a la puce. 

Apocynum Nov^e Anglic Hirsutum, Ascle- 
pias tuberosa — a. Orange, Asclepias tuberosa — a. 
Scandens, Allamanda. 

APODACRYT'ICUS, Belachrymati'vus, from 
ano, 'from,' and Aaicpvu), 'I weep.' A substance, 
supposed to occasion a flow of the tears, and then 
to arrest them. — Columella, Pliny, Galenus. 


APOD'IA, from a, privative, and ttovs, toSos, 
'afoot.' Want of feet; hence Apous or Apus, 
one who has no feet. 

APODYTE'RIUM, Coniste'rium, Spoliato'- 
rium, Spolia'rium, from cnroSvw, 'I strip off.' The 
ante-room, where the bathers stripped themselves 
in the ancient gvmnasia. 





APOGEUSIS, Ageustia. 

APOQEUSTIA, Ageustia. 


APOGON, Imberbia, 

APOG'ONUM, from uto, and yivo/mt, 'I exist.' 

A Living foetus in atero. — Hippocrates, 

APOLEPISIS, Desquamation. 

APOLEPISMUS, Di Bquamation. 

APO I. E P 8 1 B, Ap )tep'sia, Apotij/sis, from 
aroXa^Jaio), ' I retain.' Retention, suppression. 

— I! Lsphyxia. 

APOLEX'IS, from a-o\nyo>, 'I cease.' Old 

APOLINO'818, from aro, and Xivov, 'a flaxen 
The mode of operating for fistula in 
thread of Homolinon or Li n urn 
crudnm. — Hippocrates, Pattlus. 
APOLIPSIS, Apolei - 


APOL1 PICA, Cieatrisantia. 

A i'< ILYS' I A. Apol'ysis, from aroXuu, ' Iloosen.' 

Solution. Relaxation. Debility of the limbs oj 

bandages. — Brotian. Expulsion of 

•us and its dependencies. Termination of 

a disease. — Hippocrates, Cialen. 

APOMATHE'MA, Apomathe'sis, from a-o, and 
nt, ' I learn.' Forgetfulnessof thiugs taught. 
— Hippocrates. 

APOM'ELT, from aro, 'of.' and ^uXt, 'honey.' 
An oxymel or decoction made of honey.— Galen, 
Paulus, Ac. 
APOMEXI8, Munotio. 

APOMYLE'NAS, from cnropvXAaiiw, 'I make 
a wry mouth.' One who pushes his lips forwards, 
pressing them against each other. Occasionally 
a symptom of nervous fever. — Galen, Erotian. 

APOMYTHO'SIS, Apomytto'sis, from arop.vo-<T(D t 

• I sn>re.' A disease in which there is stertor. — 

Sauvages, Bagar. 

APOMYXIA, Nasal mucus. 

A PON BUROG'RAPHYj Aponeurogra'phia, 

from a-ovtvpu<Tts, an 'aponeurosis,' and ypa<pn, 

- a description.' A description of the Aponeu- 

APONEURO L'O G Y, Aponeurolog"ia, from 
awevesptsetf, 'an aponeurosis,' and Aoyoj, 'a dis- 
Aponeurosiol'ogy. The anatomy of the 
' APONEUROSIOLOGY, Aponeurology. 

A PON E U RO 'S I S. Aponevro'sis, from aro, 
'from.' and vtvpov, 'a nerve.' Pronerva'tio, De- 
■'". Bnerva'tio, Expan'sio nervo'sa, (F.) 
ApofH urose, AponSvrose. The ancients called 
every white part vtvpov, and regarded the Apo- 
neurosis as a nervous expansion. The Aponeu- 
ire white, shining membranes, very resist- 
iuir. and eomposed of fibres interlaced. Some 
ir<' continuous with the muscular fibres, and differ 
only from tendons by their flat form. They are 
called Aponeuroses of ineertion, (F.) Aponivroses 
d'insertum, when they are at the extremities of 
muscles, and attach them to the bone: — A 
nuten <>f intersection, (P.) Aponivroses d'i 
lion, if they interrupt the continuity of the mus- 
cle, and are continuous on both sides with mus- 
cular fibres. Others surround the muscle, and 
preretft its displacement : they an- called ,„•;/,, j,. 
in>i Aponeurose s, (V.) Ap o n i vr o ses cPenveloppe. 

APOmUBOBlS, l'a-ria — a. ('rural. PasCia lata — 

a. Femoral, Pasoia lata — a. Iliac, Fascia iliaca. 

AP0NEUR0SPTI8, from aponeurosis, and 
itis, 'denoting inflammation.' Inflammation of 
an aponeurosis. 

APONEUROTIC, Aponeurot'ieu*. What re- 
lates to Aponeuroses: — thus, ire say Aponeurotic 
cxpmiitum. Aponeurotic muscle, Ac. 

APONEUROT'OMY, Aponeurotom'ia, from 
a^ovivputan, ' aponeurosis,' and rc^vo), ' I cut.' 
Anatomy of aponeuroses. 

Aponeurotomy ha-, also, been proposed for the 
division, [debridement) of filaments, Ac, in apo- 
neurotic openings, and for the section of fascia). 

Aponeurosis — ". SuperfidelU </<.■ CAbdomei 
. l i ia Buperficialia. 


APON'IA, from a, privative, and Toroj, - 
i i from pain. 

APONIPSIS, Ablution. 

APOPALLE'818, ApopaVsis, from arorra>Acj, 
'I throw off.' Expulsion. Protrusion. — Hippo- 
crates. Also, Abortion. 

APOPATE'MA, Apop'athos, Apop'atue. The 
excrement, and the place where it is deposited. — 
rides, Brotian. 

APOPED \SIS. Luxation. 

rhine — a. per < ►s, Sialog 

son'ta, Apophlegmatis'mi, from arro, 'out,' and 
<p\cyp.a, 'phlegm.' .Medicines which facilitate the 
upward expulsion of mucus from the mucous 
membrane of the digestive or air ps 
gargles, mastioatori< 

APOPHLEG'MATISM, Apophlegmati 
The action of Apophlegmatisantia. — Galen. 

APOPHLEGM \ l'I-.MI, Apophlegmatisantia. 

APOPH'RADES, from mtsQaas, 'unlucky.' 
An epithet applied to unlucky days, [dit 
fundi.) Days on which a favourable change 
is not expected to occur in a disease. — A. Lau- 

APOPIIRAXIS. Amenorrhoea. 

APOPHTHAR'MA,AnopA'«Wa, from «*>, and 
<p$tiau, ' I corrupt.' Abortion, as well as a medi- 
cine to procure abortion. 

APOPHTHOllA. Abortion. 


APOPHY'ADES, from ano, 'from,' and <pvu, 
'I spring.' The ramifications of veins and 
ries. — Hippocrates. 

— a. Engainante ou vaginale, Vaginal pr< 
a. Pyramidale, see Temporal Bone — a. I'ttrCc, 
see Temporal Roue. 

of the vertebra. 

APOPH'YSIS, from arc, 'from,' and 4>vw, 'I 
rise,' Ec'physis, Proces'sus, Appendix, Protninen'- 
tia 08818 contin'ua, A process of u bone. When 
the apophysis is yel Si | mated from the body of 
the bone by intervening cartilage, it is called 
Epiph'ysis. The apophyses or processes are, at 
times, distinguished by epithets, expressi 
their form : as A. styloid, A. coracoid, Ac. Others 
are not preceded by the word apophysis j as Tro- 
chanter, Tuberosity, Ac. 

Ai'oi'ii'vsis OF [ngras'biaS is a term applied 
to the lesser ala of the sphenoid bone. 

Apophysis Mamvillaris, .Mastoid prw 

Apophysis o» Rau, '/.-."< apophyet du Mar- 
teatt : see Malleus. 
Apophysis Zyoomatica, Zygomatio proi 

APOPIBS'MA, from aro-nu^, 'I compress.' 

Hippooratee asea the term to signify a fancied 
expression or forcing out of humours by the 
application of bandages in wounds and frac- 

APOPLANESIS, Error loci. 

APOPLEi 'TIC, ApopUtfticus. Referring to 
Apoplexy. This word has various significations. 

It is applied. 1. To individuals laboring under 

apoplexy : 2. To remedies proper for combating 

apoplexy : 3. To the constitution, temperament, 
or make, Architectu'ra apoplec'ticn, Hnb'itut 
apoplecfticus sen fptadra'tus sen toro'sus, which 
predisposes to it. and, -1. To the symptoms which 
'characterize apoplexy; as Apoplectic sleep, 1. 




stroke, A. stertor, &c. The jugular veins have 
also, by some, been called Apoplectic veins, Vena 

Apoplectic Cell. Focus apoplec'ticus. A 
cavity remaining in the encephalon, after the 
effusion of blood and its subsequent absorption. 
APOPLECTICUS, Antiapoplectic, Apoplectic. 
APOPLEXIA, Apoplexy— a. Catalepsia, Cata- 
lepsia — a. Cerebralis, see Apoplexy — a. Cerebri, 
see Apoplexy — a. Cordis, Haemocardiorrhagia — 
a. Hepatica, Hepatorrhagia — a. Hydrocephalica, 
Hydrocephalus internus — a. Interarachnoidealis, 
Apoplexy, meningeal — a. Intermeningealis, Apo- 
plexy, meningeal — a. Medullaris, Apoplexia mye- 
litica — a. Menihgaea, Apoplexy, meningeal. 

Apoplexia Myelit'ica, A. Medulla' ris seu 
Spina' lis seu Rachia' lis,Hamor' rhaehis, Myelor- 
rhag"ia, Myelapoplex' ia, (F.) Apoplexie de la 
Moelle epiniere, Hemorrhagic de la Mobile epi- 
niere, Hemato-myelie, Hemo-myelorrhagie, Hema- 
torrhacliie. Hemorrhage into the spinal mar- 

Apoplexia Nervosa, Apoplexy, nervous — a. 
Nervosa traumatica, Concussion of the brain — a. 
Oculi Haeuiophthalniia — a. Pituitosa, see Apo- 
plexy — a. Pulmonalis, see Haemoptysis — a. Pul- 
monum, see Haemoptysis — a. Renalis, Apoplexy, 
renal — a. Rachialis, A. myelitica — a. Sanguinea, 
see Apoplexy — a. Serosa, see Apoplexy — a. Sim- 
plex, Apoplexy, nervous — a. Spasmodica, Apo- 
plexy, nervous — a. Spinalis, Apoplexia myelitica 
— a. Temulenta, see Temulentia. 

bri — a. Cerebrate, Apoplexy, Hemorrhagic cere- 
brate — a. du Cceur, Haemocardiorrhagia. 

dering Apoplexy.' A form of apoplexy, which 
is intense and rapidly fatal. 

ningeal — a. de la Moelle Epiniere, Apoplexy, 

AP'OPLEXY, Apoplex'ia, (Sc.) Poplesy, from 
aroir^TTeiv, 'to strike with violence.' At the pre- 
sent day, the term apoplexy is employed by many 
writers to signify interstitial hemorrhage, (F.) He- 
rnorrhagie interstitielle, or every effusion of blood, 
which occurs suddenly into the substance of an 
organ or tissue. Hence, we speak of cerebral 
apoplexy, pulmonary apoplexy, &c. &c. For- 
merly it was always — and still is by many — 
used in a restricted sense, to signify, in other 
words, the train of phenomena, which charac- 
terize cerebral apoplexy. This disease, Hcemor- 
rha'gia Cer'ebri, Aphro'nia, Cams Apoplex'ia, 
Coma Apopjlex' ia, Apoplex'ia cer'ebri sanguin'ea 
seu cerebra'lis, Encephalorrhag" ia, San'guinis 
ictus, H&matenceph'alum, Pulpez'ia, Sidera'tio, 
Apileps'ia, Morbus atton'itus, Gutta, Theophle' gia, 
Theoplex'ia, (F.) Apoplexie, A. cerebrate, Hema- 
toencephalie, Coup de sang, is characterized by 
diminution, or loss of sensation and mental ma- 
nifestation : by the cessation, more or less com- 
plete, of motion ; and by a comatose state, — cir- 
culation and respiration continuing. Tt generally 
consists in pressure upon the brain ; either from 
turgescence of vessels, or from extravasation of 
blood : hence the terms Hamenceph'alus, Hemor- 
rhagic cerebrate, and Hemoencephalorrhagie, ap- 
plied to it by some. The general prognosis is 
unfavourable : especially when it occurs after the 
age of 35. When Apoplexy is accompanied with 
a hard, full pulse, and flushed countenance, it is 
called Apoplex'ia sanguin'ea, Cataph'ora Coma; 
when with a feeble pulse and pale countenance, 
and evidences of serous effusion, Apoplex'ia se- 
ro'sa, A. pituito'sa, Serous Apoplexy, Cataph'ora 
hydrocep/ial' ica, Encephaloch'ysis seni'lis, Hydro- 
cephalus acu'tus senum, Hydrocnccphalorrhee, 

(Piorry,) Hydropisie cerebrate suraigue, Hydror- 

In Nervous Apoplexy, Apoplex'ia nervo'sa seu 
spasmod'ica, A. simplex, Simple apoplexy, no le- 
sion whatever may be perceptible on dissection ; 
although the patient may have died under all tho 
phenomena that are characteristic of apoplexy. 

Apoplexy, Heat, see Coup-de-Soleil — a. of 
the Heart, Haemocardiorrhagia. 

Apoplexy, Meninge'al, Apoplex'ia menin- 
gce'a seu intermeni ngea' lis seu interarachno'idea' - 
lis, (F.) Apoplexie meningee, Hemorrhagic me- 
ningee. Hemorrhage from the meninges of the 
brain or spinal marrow, generally into the great 
cavity of the arachnoid. 

Apoplexy, Nervous, see Apoplexy — a. Pul- 
monary, see Haemoptysis — a. Simple, A. Nervous. 

Apoplexy, Renal, Apoplex'ia rena'lie. A 
condition of the kidney, characterized by knotty, 
irregular, tuberculated eminences, some of a deep 
black colour. Effusion of blood into the substance 
of the kidney. 

Apoplexy, Serous, see Apoplexy — a. Spinal, 
Apoplexia myelitica. 

APOPNEUSIS, Exhalatio. 

APOPNIXIS, Suffocation. 

APOPNOE, Exspiratio. 

APOPNCEA, Exspiratio. 


APOPTO'SIS, from cnro^To,, 'I fall down.' 
A relaxation of bandages. — Erotian. 

APORRHOE, Aporrhcea. 

APORRH(E'A, Apor'rhoe, Ajior'rhysis, Dejtu'- 
vium, from anopptu, 'I flow from.' An emana- 
tion, effluvium, contagion. — Moschion. A falling 
off of the hair, according to some. 

APORRHYSIS, Aporrhoea. 

APOSCEM'MA, Aposcep>'sis, from a-oaKtzw, 
'I lie down, I direct myself towards.' Afflux of 
fluids towards a part. Metastasis. The first 
word has been applied to the excrements. — Hip- 
pocrates, Galen. 

APOSCENOSIS, Apocenosis. 

APOSCEPARNIS'MUS, Deascia'tio, from airo 
and aKtirapvov, 'a hatchet.' Wound of the cra- 
nium, by a cutting instrument, in which a piece 
of the bone has been cut out, as with a hatchet, 
— Gorraeus. 

APOSCEPSIS, Aposcemma. 

APOS'CHASIS, Aposchas'mus, from aTtoa^a^u), 
'I scarify.' Scarijica'tion. A slight superficial in- 
cision in the skin. Also, blood-letting. — Hippoc. 

APOS'IA, Sitis defec'tus, from a, privative, 
and 7TOO-I?, ' drink.' Want of thirst, absence of 
desire for liquids. 

APOSI'TIA, from aizo, 'from,' and cirog, 'food.' 
Aversion for food. — Galen. See Disgust. 

APOSIT'IC, Ajiosit' icus ; the same etymology. 
Any substance which destroys the appetite, or 
suspends hunger. 

APOSPAS'MA, from awoo-Truo), 'I tear or lace- 
rate. (F.) Arrachement. A solution of continu- 
ity, especially of a ligament ; Rhegma ligamen- 
ta're, Lacera'tio ligamenta'ria. 

APOSPHACEL'ISIS, Aposphacelis'mus, from 
ano, and cfyaiceXos, ' mortification.' Ganatene in 
wounds and fractures, owing to the bandages 
being too tight. — Hippocrates. 

APOSPHINX'IS, aizootpiyfc, constriction, com- 
pression. The action of a tight bandage. — Hip- 

APOSPONGIS'MUS, the act of sponging for 
any purpose. — Gorraeus. 

APOSTALAG'MA, Apostag'ma, from a-o, 
'from,' and oraAa£w, 'I drop.' The ancient name 
for the saccharine liquor which flows from grapes 
when not yet pressed. 

APOS'TASIS, from a-o, and igtvjxi, ' I stop.' 



The ancients had different significations for this 

word. It wu most commonly need for an eb- 

paratlon of a fragment of bone by 

fracture. Removal of rtinoaai) by soma excre- 

ti.>n, A ■■. 

APOSTAX'IS, from anoorafa ' I distil from.' 
The defluxioo of any humour, as of i 
blood from the D080. — HippOOl 

APOSTE'MA, from ■»•, 'from,' and lanjpu, 'I 
settle/ or from apiarr^pi, ' I recede from.' This 1 

by the amients somewhat vaguely. 
It meant an affection in which parte, previously 
in 001 ' arated from eaeh other by a 

fluid collected between them. The moderns re- 
gard it a- synonymous with Abeeetm. Son, 
of the moderns, nave applied it to any watery 
tumour, to tumours in general. 

A.P0ST1 m \ Cerebri, Eneephalopyosis — a. Em- 
pyema, Empyema — a. Parulis, Parulis — a. Pba- 
i. Foureh — a. Psoatieum, Lumbar abscess. 


APOSTERIG'MA, from mroaTvpifa, 'I pup- 
port.' Anything that supports a diseased part, 
as a cushion, a. pillow, Ac. — (ialen. A deep- 
nid inveterate disease of the intestines. — 

APOS'THIA, Leipoder'mia, from a, privative, 
and KocOia. 'prepuce.' Want of prepuce. 
APOSTOLUS, Eztraetum. 
pkcur'maeum, Ointment of the Apostle*. So called, 
because as many solid ingredients entered into 
mposition as there were apostles. It con- 
tained several resins and gum-resins, yellow wax, 
oil, vinegar, verdigris, Ac, and was formerly em- 
APOSTROPHE, from a*o, and arpc^u, 'I 
turn.' An aversion or disgust for food. — Paulus. 
Also, the direction of humours towards other 

APOSYRM \. Abrasion, Desquamation. 
APOTELES'MA, from airo, and rcXtcfxa, 'com- 
pletion.' The result or termination of a disease. 
ilso, Amuletum. 
AP0THANA8IA, see Death. 
A I' 1 ' 1 11 EM 'AfPharmace'um, Pharmacopo'lium, 
from a™, and riOrjfii, 'to place.' Any place where 
- ;ire kept, and therefore 'a shop,' and par- 
ticularly a wine cellar. A place or vessel wherein 
medicines arc kept. See Pharmacopolium. 

APOTHECARIES' HALL. The Hall of the 
Corporation or Society of Apothecaries of Lon- 
don, where medicines are prepared and sold 
under their direction, &c. This Company ob- 
tain'.] a charter of incorporation in the loth year 
of James the First No general practitioner can 
establish himself in England or Wales, without 
having obtained a license from the Court of Ex- 
aminers of the Company. 

A P( i 1 II 'E( A U Y. Apotheea'rhttf Dinpen»a'tar, 
Pharm Pharmacopar'ue, Pkarma'ceue, 

Pkarmaceu'ta, Pigmenta'riue, RhitoPomm, My- 
ropo'let, Myropo'lut, Pharmacter, Pbarnureur'- 
gietUj Pharmaeur'gus, Pharmaeevftfsi, same deri- 
vation, (Prov. Pot'ecary, (Be.) Pottingar, V. 
Apothicaire, Pharmacien, Pharmacopole* In 
every country • \ pi Qreat Britain, it means one 
who sells drugs, makes up prescriptions, Ac. In 
addition to these offices, which, indeed, they 
rarely exercise, except in the ease of their own 
patients, the Apothecaries in England form a 
privileged class of practitioners — a kind of sub- 
physician. Bee Burgeon-apothecary. 

APOTHERAPEl'A, ApotherapTa, Apothera- 

peu'tie, from mwoSepartvti, [awe and Ocpazevu),) 'I 

cure.' A perfect euro. — Hippoo. In the ancient 

Gymnastics, it meant the last part of the exer- 

: —the friction, inunction, ami bathing, for 

the purpose of obviating fatigue, or curing dis- 
ease. — (ialen. Gorraius. 

AP0THERAPE1 BIS, Apotherapeia. 

APOTHER'MUM, from .,-<,. and $ lpt , v , 'heat.' 
A pickle made of mustard, oil, and vinegar. — 

APOTH'ESIS, from evert&pi, 'I r. tj 

lition proper to be given to a fractured 
limb, after reduction. 

APOTHICAIRE, Apothecary. 

APOTHIC AIR ERIE (P.), from im&V,, 'a 
warehouse, shop.' The same as Apothecaj 
a gallipot. See Pharmacopolium. 

APOTHLIM'MA, from a-o, and 5>i/3«, 'I* 
press from.' Anciently, the dregs, ami 
times the expressed juii . 
plants. — < torrseus. 

APOTHRAU'SIS, from airoSpavw, 'I break.* 
Fracture of a bone, with spicula remaining. Ex- 
traction of a spiculum of bone. — Gorrajus. Also, 

AP0TILM08, Evulsion. 

APOT'OKOS, from avo, and tiktu, 'I bring 
forth.' An abortive foetus. — Hippocrates. 

APOTOME, Amputation. 

APOTOMIA, Amputation. 

APOTROP.El'M. Amuletum. 

APOTROPE, Aversion. Also, deviation — as 
of a limb — l'u nit' rope. 

APOXYSMUS, Abrasion. 

APOZEM, Decoction. 

APOZESIS, Decoction. 

APPARA'Tl S. Pareuceu% from ad and par 
rare, ' to prepare.' This word signifies a collec- 
tion of instruments, &c, for any op-eration what- 
ever. (F.) Appareil. 

In Surgery, it means the methodical arrange- 
ment of all the instruments and objects nee 
for an operation or dressing. By extension, the 
French give the name Appareil, Cap*a chirur'- 
gica, to the case or drawers in which the appara- 
tus is arranged. 

Apparatus has likewise been applied to the 
different modes of operating for the stone. See 

In Physiology, Apparatus, (F.) Appareil, is ap- 
plied to a collection of organs, all of which work 
towards the same end. A system of organs com- 
prehends all those formed of a similar texture. 
An apparatus often comprehends organs of very 
different nature. In the former, there is analogy 
of structure; in the latter, analogy of function. 

Apparatts Altus, see Lithotomy. 

APPARATUS Immov'able (F.), Appareil immo- 
bile, Immovable Bandage, Pcrmauent Bandage. 
An apparatus for fractures, which is generaJly 
formed by wetting the bandages in some sub- 
stance, as starch or dextrin, which becomes solid, 
and retains the parts in situ. 

Apparatus Lateralis, see Lithotomy — a. 

Major, see Lithotomy — a. Minor, see Lithotomy. 

APPAREIL, Apparatus, Bottier — ". TJiap. 
nogene, see Perspiration — a. Grand, see Litho- 
tomy — or. If'titt, see Lithotomy — a. Immobile, 
Apparatus, immovable — u. Laerymal, sec Lachry- 
mal passages — a. LateralisS, see Lithotomy — ". 
NevrothOe, see NivrothUe — </. Petit, Bee Litho- 
tomy — a. Pigmental, Pigmental apparatus. 

admits, in the brain, two kinds of fibres; the 
one, divergent, proceeding from the cerebral 
peduncles to the convolutions, and constituting 
what he calls appareils de formation: the other, 
convergent, and proceeding from the convolutions 
to the centre of the organ, constituting what be 
calls appareils de riunion. The first, gj a whole, 
Conn the organs of the mental faculties j the h,ti, ,- 
are commissures, which unite parts of the organ 
that are double and in pairs. 



APPAUVRI, Impoverished. 

APPENDICE, Appendix — a. Coecal, Appen- 
dix vermiformis caeei — a. Digital, Appendix ver- 
miformis caeci — a. Sous-sternale, Xiphoid carti- 
lage — a. Su8-8phendidale du cervcau, Pituitary 
gland — a. Xiphvide, Xiphoid cartilage. 

Appendices Coli Adipose, Appendicular epi- 
ploicae — a. Epiplo'iques, Appendiculae epiploicae. 

— a. Vermiformis caeci, see Appendix — a. Epi- 
ploica, Epiploic appendage. 

- Epiplo'icce, Epip'loic append' ages, Appen'dices 
coli adipo'sce, Eim'brice carno'scs coli, Supplemni'- 
ta epiplo'ica, Oinen'tula, (F.) Appendices Epi^ 
plo'iques. Prolongations of the peritoneum be- 
yond the surface of the great intestine, which 
are analogous in texture and arrangement to 

APPEX'DIX, Epiphysis, from appendere, (ad 
and peudere, 'to hang,') 'to hang from/ Any 
part that adheres to an organ or is continuous 
with it : — seeming as if added to it. An append- 
age ; an apophysis, (F.) Appendice, Annexe. 

Appendix Auriculae, see Auricles of the 
Heart — a. Cerebri, Pituitary gland — a. ad Cere- 
brum, Cerebellum — a. Cutanea Septi Xarium, 
Statica Septi Xarium — a. to the Epididymis, Vas- 
culum aberrans — a. Ventriculi, Duodenum. 

Appendix Vermifor'mis, Appendic'ula Ver- 
mifor'mis Cce'ci, Tubus Vermicula'ris Cceci, Ec'- 
phyas, Additamen'tum Coli, Appen'dix Cceci, (F.) 
Appendice vermiforme, A. ccecal ou digital. A 
vermicular process, the size of a goose-quill, 
which hangs from the intestine caecum. Its 
functions are unknown. 

Appendix Vesicae, see Bladder, sacculated. 

APPEXSIO, see Analeptia. 

AP'PETEXCE, Appeten'tia,from appetere, (ad 
and petere,) 'to desire.' An ardent, passionate 
desire for anv object. 

APPETIT, PERTE D\ Anorexia. 

AP'PETITE, Appeti'tus, Appeten'tia, Appeti"- 
tia, (ad and petere,) 'to seek,' Cujn'do, Orex'is, 
Orme : same etymology as the last. An internal 
sensation, which warns us of the necessity of ex- 
erting certain functions, especially those of diges- 
tion and generation. In the latter case it is called 
venereal appetite, (F.) Appetit venerien: in the 
former, simply appetite, (F.) Appetit ou Appeti- 
tion. If the desire for food, occasioned by a real 
want, be carried to a certain extent, it is called 
hunger, when solid food is concerned; thirst, when 
liquid. Appetite and hunger ought not, how- 
ever, to be employed synonymously: they are 
different degrees of the same want. Hunger is 
an imperious desire : it cannot be provoked, like 
the appetite. It is always allayed by eating : but 
not so the appetite; for. at times, it may be ex- 
cited in this manner. They are very generally, 
however, used synonymously. 

Appetite, Morbid, Limosis. 

Ap'petite, Vene'real, Venereal desire, (F.) 
Le genesique. Amour physique, Sens genital. The 
instinctive feeling that attracts the sexes towards 
each other to effect the work of reproduction. 

APPETITUS CAXIXUS, Boulimia— a. Defi- 
cient, Dvsorexia. 

APPLE, ADAM'S, Pomum Adami— a. Bitter, 
Cucumis coloeynthis — a. Curassoa, Aurantium 
curassaventium — a. Dead Sea, see Quercus infec- 
toria — a. Eye, see Melon — a. of the Eye, Pupil 
— a. Mad, see Quercus infectoria — a. May, Podo- 
phyllum peltatum — a. of Peru, Datura stramo- 
nium — a. Root, Euphorbia corollata — a. of Sodom, 
see Quercus infectoria. 

Apple Tea, Apple water. Slice two large, not 
over-ripe apples, and pour over a pint of boiling 

water. After an hour, pour off the fluid, and, if 
necessary, sweeten with sugar. 

Apple Tree, Pyrus malus. 

APPLICA'TA, from applicare, (ad and plicare, 
'to fold/) 'to apply/ A word, unnecessarily in- 
troduced into medical language, to express the 
objects which are applied immediately to the sur- 
face of the body, as clothes, cosmetics, baths, tic. 

APPLICA'TrOX, Applica'tio, (same etymon,) 
in a moral signification, is synonymous with at- 
tention. Also, the act of applying one thing to 
another ; as the application of an apparatus, of 
a bandage, blister, &c. 

APPREHEX'SIO, from ad and prehendere, 
'to take.' This word is employed in various 
senses. It means catalepsy or catoche. — Paul 
Zacchias. A kind of bandage for securing any 
part. Also, a therapeutical indication. 

APP ROCHE, Coition. 

APPROXIMA'TIOX, Apprvxima'tio, from ad 
and proximus, 'nearest.' Ettmuller gave this 
name to a pretended method of curing disease, 
by making it pass from man into some animal or 
vegetable, by the aid of immediate contact. 

APRAC'TA, from a, priv., and -rrpacau). 'I act.' 
Without action. An epithet for the parts of ge- 
neration, when unfit for copulation or generation. 

APRICATIO, Insolation. 

APRICOT, Prunus Armeniaca. 

APROCTUS, see Atretus. 

APROXIA, Tamus communis. 

APROSO'PIA, Triocephal'ia, from a, priv., 
and irpoauTTov, 'the face.' A malformation, which 
consists in the face being deficient. 

APROSOPUS, Microprosopus. 

APSIXTHIA'TUM, from a^u^cov, 'worm- 
wood.' A sort of drink made of wormwood. 
— Ae'tius. 

APSIXTHITES, Absinthites. 

APSYCHIA, Syncope. 

APSYCHISME, Idiotism. 

APSYCHY, Syncope. 

APSYXIA, Syncope. 

APTH.E, Aphthae. 

APTYS'TOS, from a, priv., and ttvu>, 'I spit.' 
Devoid of expectoration. An epithet given to 
certain pleurisies, in which there is no expectora- 
tion. — Hippocrates. 

APUS, see Apodia. 

APY'ETOS, from a, priv., and Ttvov, 'pus/ An 
external affection, which does not end in suppu- 

APYTQUE, Apyros. 

A'PYOS, from a, priv., and ttvov, 'pus.' (F.) 
Apyique. That which does not afford pus. 

APYRECTIC, Apyretic. 

APYREXOMELE, Apyromele. 

APYRET'IC, Apyret'icus, Apyrec'tic, Apyrec'- 
ticus, Ap>yr'etus, from a, priv., and -nvp, 'fire, 
fever.' Without fever. This epithet is given to 
days in which there is no paroxysm of a disease, 
as in the case of an intermittent, as well as to 
some local affections which do not induce fever. 
Urticaria is sometimes called an apyretic exan- 

APYREX'IA, A'pyrexy. The same etymology. 
Absence of fever; Dialem'ma, Dialeip'sis, Dio- 
lip'sis, Tempus intercala're, Interval' lum, Inter- 
mis' sio. Apyrexia is the condition of an inter- 
mittent fever between the paroxysms: the dura- 
tion of the apyrexia consequent^ depends on 
the type of the intermittent. Occasionally, the 
term has been applied to the cessation of the 
febrile condition in acute diseases. 

APYROME'LE, Apyrenome'le, from a, priv., 
-vpnv, 'a nut,' and ^A??, 'a sound.' A sound or 
probe, without a button or nut. It is the Melo'tie, 


A Q A 8 A L U B B I 8 

Specif lam auricula' rium or Auricular sound of 

\. (Trine! Water — a. Aoidi earbonioi, 
Acidulous water — a. Acidula hydrosulpburata, 
Naples water (factitious) — a. Anna tixi. A.-idu- 

a. Alkalina oxymuriatica, 

Eau (le Javelle — a. Aluminis composite, Liquor 
aluminis eompositua — a. Alomi ana, Li- 

qnor aluminu oompositus — a. Ammonia, Liquor 
ammonia — a. Liquor ammo- 

etatis — a. Ammonia earbonatis, Liquor 
ammonia subcerbonati — a. Ammonia caustics, 
Liquor ammonia — a. Amoii, Liquor AmniL 

AQD V A.MVUHAl . , A. d»ll/- 

dola' rum omora' rum, (F.) Lou d' Am I 

of bitter almond*. Made by bruising well 

unds of Litter almonds ; adding, whilst 

triturating, tea pounds of tpring water, and four 

pounds ol alcohol j letting the mixture rest in a 

well-el ;nd then distilling two pounds. of the Aqua Laurm-era.-i, and the 
Hydrocyanic acid. It must be given with great 

An Aqua a yg'daloi ama'ra>, Hitler Almond 

n introduced into the Last edition 

of the ; . (OL amygdaL amor. 

TT^ xvj ; Magnet. Carbon. 3J ) Aqua: Uij.) Lose, 

Ayt'.v Anbtbi, see Anethum graveolens — a. 
Aniai, see Pimpinella anisum — a. Anisi Portia, 
Spiritua aniai — a. Aquiegranensis, see Aix-la- 
Chapelle — a, Auditoria, Cotaanius, Liquor of — 
a. Aurantii. see Cit*is aurantium — a. Azotica 
nii protoxydi — a. Balsa- 
miea arterialis, Aqua Binellii — a. Bareginensis, 
a water — a. Baryta Muriatis, sec Baryta, 
muriate of — a. BeUilucana, Balaruc waters — a. 
Benediota, Liquor eeleu — a, Benediota oompo- 
sita. Liquor caleia eompositua — a. Benediota Ku- 
landi, Vinum antimonii tartarizati. 

, LiNKi.'i.n, A'-'/ua BineUi, Aqua H 

i-U.i's ttyptie, (F.) Ban dc Bi- 
. A celebrated Italian bamoatatie, invented 
BinellL Its composition is unknown, but 
its virtues have been ascribed to creasotc : al- 
though there is reason for believing it to | 
no more activity than cold water. Aqua Monte- 
1'.) Eon d- Momterotti, appears to be of 
Aoi v BOBVOVBXSIS, Bourbonne-les-Baines, 
mineral waters of — a. Briatoliensia, Bristol water. 
Aqua Bbocchib'rIi, Aequo Broeekieri, Broc- 
i . irt watt r, Brocchit /<"> 

til '<• Broeekieri, Eau ttyptique de Broe- 
ekieri. A supposed styptic, which made much 
me time. It is devoid of effi- 
I>r. Paris found nothing in it but water 
me vegetable essence. 

r. Liquor oaleis — a. Cal- 

; uor Oaleis — a. Calois composite, Liquor 

tmpoaitua — a. Camphora, Misture earn- 

phora; — a. Oamphorata, 1 Cupri sulphas 

lula, Acidulous water. 

simple — a. Carui, see Oarum Carui — a. C 

tapnltarnsn, Arquebmeadt, 

eon ft — a. Chlorini. see Chlorine. 

'an, Cinnamon wad >•, (Sc.) 
Cannel ir,i>, ,-. Distilled water of Cinnamon Bark. 
Prepared also in the following manner. OL Oin- 
nom. fzsa; Magnet. Oarbon. Q ] Aq. »'■ 
Oij. Rul) the oil and carbonate of mag 

add the water gradually, and filter, (l'h. U. S.) 

- iritua Cinnamomi 

— a. Coloeetrensis, Colchester, mineral waters of. 

\ Colora'ta, ' coloured water.' A name 

given to a prescription in which simple OOloared 

water ia contained. Used in hospital east 
I illy, where % placebo ia demanded. 

AUjSa Ol PBU AmMOSIATA, Liquor c. a. — a. Cu- 

pri vitriolati composite, Liquor cupri snlphatia 
oompoeita — a. inter Cutem, Anasarca — a. Destil- 
lata. Water, distilled. 

i'i:i m. 'Water of Smiths.' Water in 
which hot iron has been quenched. A feeble 

AQUA Fi.oki m Am:amii,soo Citrus aurantium 
— a. Fluviatilis. Water, river. 

Aon Fcksic'i i.!. Fennel water. The distilled 
water of fennel seed. It may be prepared also 
like the aqua cinnamomi. 

Water, spring — a. Perl 
trie acid — a. Gtoulardi, Liquor Plumbi subacetatis 
dilutua — a. liepatica, Hydrosulphuretted water 

— a. Bordeata, Deooctnm hordei — a. Imbrium, 
Water, rain — a. Infernalis, see Toddy — a. Inter- 
ests, Anasarca — a. Inter Cutem. Anasarca — a. 
Jnniperi oompoeita, Bpiritus juniperi oompositna 
— a. Kali, Liquor potassa subcarbonatis — a. Kali 
oaustici, Liquor potasese — a. Kali praparati, 
Liquor potassa subcarbonatii — a. Kali puri, 
Liquor potassa — a. Kali subcarbonatis, ! 
potassa subcarbonatis — a. Labyrinthi, Cotunnius, 
liquor of — a. Lactis. Serum lactis- — a. ex. Lacii, 
Water, lake — a. Lauro-cerasi. see Pntnus Lauro- 
eerasus — a. Lithargyri aeetati composite, Liquor 
plumbi subacetatis dilutus — a piritUS 
ammonia' sueeinatus — a. Marina, Water, sea — a. 
Medicate, Water, mineral. 

AQ€ a Mi:m :i.:: I'ipi:!;;' t r. Peppermint ■ 
The distilled water of peppermint. It may be 
prepared like the aqua cinnamomi. 

Aqua Mbhth^ Pipbbitidis Sptjutuosa, Spi- 
ritus mentha piperita — a. Mentha pub _ 
Mentha pulegium — a. Mentha riridis, Spearmint 

water, see Aqua mentha piperita' — a. Mentha 
vulgaris spirituosa, Bpiritus mentha \iiidis — a. 
Mineralis, Water, mineral — a. Mirabilis, Bpiritus 
pimenta — a. Monteroeei, see Aqua Binellii — a. 
Mulsa, Ilydromeli — a. Natri Oxymuriatici, Li- 
quor sodce chlorinata — a. Neapolitans, Naples 
water, (factitious) — a. Nephritica, Bpiritus my- 

Aqta Xitkogkn'ii PitoTox'vni, Protox'ide 
■or/en Water, Aqua azot'ica oxygx 
Seqrle't patent oxgg"enous aerated water. A pa- 
tent solution of protoxide ol said to 
contain five times its own bulk of - 
been recommended as a nervine, and excitant in 
nervous conditions, dyspepsia, Ac. It has also 
been used in cholera, and to counteract the evil 
consequences of drunkenness. The dose is fxvj, 
or §viii, two or three times a day: or, in dys- 
pepsia, as a beverage between meals. 

Aqua Xivata. Water, sm.w — a. Nuoia mosohe- 
tae, Spiritus myristieie — a. Ophthalmica, Liquor 
zinci sulphatis cum camphora — a. Palndosa, 
Water, marsh — a. Pedum, Urine — a. Pericardii, 
see Pericardium — a. Phagedenica, see Bydrar- 
gyri Ozymnrias — a. Pioea, see Pinus sylvestria — 

a. Picis, see Pinus sylvestri r. Pimenl 

Myrtns Pimenta — a. Plumbi, Liquor Plumbi, 
.-ubaeetatis dilutus — a. IMuvialis. Water, rain — a. 
Potassa, Liquor potassa — a. Pulegii, see Mentha 
pulegium — a. Pulegii Bpirituoea, Spiritua > 
— a. Puteelia, Water, well — a. ex Poteo, \^ aicr, 
well — a. Kabelli. Elixir acidum Halleri — a. Rapir- 
ani oompoeita, Spiritus armoracia eompositua — 
a. Regie, Nitromuriatio acid. 

Aqua Rosae, /.'■•-' Water, Rhodottag'ma, 
centi/oL Ibviij : A<ju ( p eong. ij. M. Distil a 

— l'h. U. S.) 

\ Bah p.. ms. Water, mineral—*. Bambuei, 
see Sambucu — a. Bappbarina, Liquor eupri am- 
moniata — a. Batumi, Liquor plumbi subi 
dilutus — a. Sclopetaria, Arquebutade '"» (/" — a. 
Beminnm anisi oomposita, Spiritus anisi — a. S< mi- 
num carui fortis. Bpiritus carui i. S 





mineral — a. Stygia, Nitro-rauriatic acid — a. Styp- 
tica, Liquor cupri sulphatis composita — a. Sul- 
phurata simplex, Hydrosulphuretted water — a. 
Sulphured ammonia), Liquor fumans Boylii — a. 
Thediana, Arqucbusade eau d' — a. Theriacalis 
Bezoardica, Chylostagma diaphoreticum Minde- 
reri — a. Tofana, Liquor arsenicalis — a. Tosti 
panis. Toast water — a. Traumatica Thedenii, 
Arquebusade eau d' — a. Vegeto-rnineralis, Liquor 
plumbi subacetatis dilutus — a. Yiciensis, Vichy 
water — a. Vitriolica camphorata, Liquor zinci 
sulphatis cum camphora — a. Vitriolica caerulea, 
Solutio sulphatis cupri composita — a. Vulneraria, eau, d' — a. Zinci vitriolati cum 
camphora, Liquor zinci sulphatis cum camphora. 

AQTLE ACIDUL.E, Acidulous waters — a. 
Badigure, Bath, Mineral waters of — a. Badizae, 
Bath, Mineral waters of — a. Bathoniae, Bath, 
Mineral waters of — a. Buxtoniensis, Buxton, Mi- 
neral waters of — a. Calida?, Aigues caudes — a. 
Cantuarienses, Canterbury, waters of — a. Chaly- 
beate, Waters, mineral, chalybeate. 

Aqu.E Destilla'tje, Hydrola'ta, Distilled 
Waters, (F.) Hydrolats. These are made by 
putting vegetable substances, as roses, mint, 
pennyroyal, &c, into a still with water, and 
drawing off as much as is found to possess the 
aromatic properties of the plant. To every gallon 
of the distilled water, 5 oz. of spirit should be 
added to preserve it. The simple distilled waters 
are sometimes called Aqua stillatit"ia sim'plices : 
the spirituous, Aquce stillatit' ice sjiirituo'sa?, but 
more commonly Spir'itus. 

Aqujs Ferros.e, Waters, mineral, chabybeate. 

Aqc-e Martiales, Waters, mineral, chalybeate. 

Aqvje MbdICA'tjs, Medicated u-aters include, in 
the Pharmacopoeia of the United States, prepara- 
tions consisting of waters impregnated with some 
medicinal substance, which arenotarrangedin any 
other class. Among these are the " Waters," and 
"Distilled waters" of the British pharmacopoeias. 

Aqu.e Metes, Hydrophobia — a. Minerales aci- 
dulae — a. Waters, mineral, gaseous — a. Minerales 
ferruginosa?, Waters, mineral, chalybeate — a. Mi- 
nerales sulphureae, Waters, mineral, sulphureous 
— a. Stillatitia?, Aquae destillatae — a. Solis, Bath, 
mineral waters of. 

AQUJ3DUCTUS, Aq'ueduct, from aqua, 'wa- 
ter,' and ducere, ductum, ' to lead.' (P.) ,Aque- 
duc. Properly, a canal for conducting water 
from one place to another. Anatomists have 
used it to designate certain canals. 

Aqujeductus Cerebri, Infundibulum of the 
brain — a. Cotunnii, Aquaeductus vestibuli. 

Aqu^educ'tus Coch'le.e, (F.) Aqueduc du Li- 
macon ; — a very narrow canal which proceeds 
from the tympanic scala of the cochlea to the 
posterior edge of the pars petrosa. 

Aqt.educ'tus Fallo'pii, Cana'lis Fallo'pii, 
Canal spiro'ide de I'os temporal of Chaussier, (F.) 
Aqueduc de Fallope. A canal in the pars petro- 
sa of the temporal bone, which extends from the 
meatus auditorius internus to the foramen stylo- 
mastoideum, and gives passage to the facial 
nerve. The opening into this aqueduct is called 
Hia'tus Fallo'pii, H. Cana'lis Fallo'pii, Fissu'- 
ra Cana'lis Fallo'pii, For a' men Tari'ni, F. 
anon'}/ mum Ferrein'ii. 

Aqu.educ'tus Syl'vii, Cana'lis eminen'tice 
quadrigem'inee, Iter ad quartum ventric' ulum seu 
d ter'tio ad quar'tnm ventric 1 ulum, Cana'lis me'di- 
vs, (F.) Aqueduc de Sylvius, Canal intermediare 
des veufricules of Chaussier. A canal forming a 
communication between the third and fourth 
ventricles of the brain. The ventricular opening 
is termed anus cer'ebri. 

Aqu.educ'tus Vestib'uli, Aquceductus Cotun'- 
nii, Canal of Cotun'nius, (F.) Aqueduc du vestibule 
ou Aqueduc de Cotugno. This begins in the ves- 

tibule, near the common orifice of the two semi- 
circular canals, and opens at the posterior surface 
of the pars petrosa. 

AQUALIC'ULUS, from aqualis, ' a water-pot.' 
That part of the abdomen which extends from 
the umbilicus to the pubes. See Hypogastrium. 
It has also been applied to the stomach or intes- 
tinal canal. 

AQUAS'TER. A word used, by Paracelsus, 
to express the visions or hallucinations of pa- 

AQUEDUC, Aqueduct — a. de Cotugno, Aqua 1 - 
ductus vestibuli — a. de Fallope, Aquaeductus Fal- 
lopii — a. du Limacon, Aquaeductus cochleae — a. 
de Sylvius, Aquaeductus Sylvii — a. du Vestibule, 
Aquaeductus vestibuli. 

AQUEDUCT, Aquaeductus. 

A'QUEOUS, A'queus, Aquo'sus, Hydato'des. 
Hydro' des, from aqua, 'water/ (F.) Aqueux, 
Watery. The absorbents or lymphatics are 
sometimes called, in France, Conduits ou Canaux 

Aqueous Humour of the Eye, Humor aquo'- 
sus, Ooei'des, Oo'des, Hydato'i'des, Hydato'des, 
Ova'tus seu Ovifor'mis humour, Albugin'eous hu- 
mour, (F.) Humeur aqueuse. The limpid fluid 
which fills the two chambers of the eye, from the 
cornea to the crystalline, and which is, conse- 
quently, in contact with the two surfaces of the 
iris. Quantity, 5 or 6 grains : s. g. 1.0003. It 
contains albumen, chloride of sodium, and phos- 
phate of lime in small quantity; and is enveloped 
in a fine membrane : — the membrane of the aqueous 
humour, Tunica p> r opria seu Vagi'na seu Mem- 
bra' na seu Cap'sula humo'ris a'quei seu J/etu- 
bra'na Demui ia'na seu Descemet'ii, Jlembrane 
of Demours or of Descemet ; although these last 
terms are by some appropriated to a third layer 
of the cornea. 

AQUEUS, Aqueous. 

A QUID UC A, Hydragogues. 

AQUIFOLIUM, Ilex aquifolium — a. Foliis 
deciduis, Prinos. 

AQUILA, Hydrargyri submurias, Sulphur. 

The alchymists used this word for sublimed 
sal ammoniac, precipitated mercury, arsenic, sul- 
phur, and the philosopher's stone. See Hydrar- 
gyri Submurias, and Sulphur. 

Aq'eila Ccelest'is ,• a sort of panacea, of 
which mercury was a constituent. 

Aq'uila Lach'rym^e; a liquor prepared from 
several ingredients, especially from calomel. 

Aq'uila Philosopho'rum. The alchymists, 
whose terms were always mysterious, called mer- 
cury thus, when reduced to its original form. 

Aq'uila Vex'eris ; an ancient preparation, 
made by subliming verdigris and sal ammoniac. 

AQUILiE VEN.E, Temporal veins. 

AQUILE'GIA, A. vulga'ris seu sylves'tris seu 
A/pi'na, Common Colombine or Columbine, (F.) 
Ancolie. Order, Ranunculaceae. From aquila, 
'the eagle,' owing to some fancied resemblance of 
the spurs to talons. The seeds, herb, and flowers 
were formerly used in jaundice and cutaneous 
diseases. They are still retained in many of the 
Pharmacopoeias of continental Europe. 

Aquilegia Alplxa, Aquilegia. 

Aqgilegia Canadensis, Wild Columbine, is 
indigenous, and flowers in April and June. The 
seeds are said to be tonic. 

Aquilegia Sylvestris, Aquilegia — a. Vul- 
garis, Aquilegia. 

'water,' and elicire, 'to attract,' because it grows 
in moist places. [?] An East Indian plant, the 
decoction of whose root is used in indigestion to 
allay heartburn. 

AQUIP'AROUS, (F.) Aquipare, from aqua, 
'water/ and pario, 'I bring forth.' An epith°t 




Lids which, like the parotid, secrete much 
water, in contradistinction to the submaxillary 
glands, which are muciparous. 
AQUO-C LP8ULITIS, Aquo-membranitte. 
AQDO MEMBRANFTI8, Keratolri'ti»,Aqw>- 
Hydromeningi'tie. Inflammation of 
the anterior chamber of the eye. A badly com- 
pounded term, denoting inflammation of the cap- 
Mile or membrane of the aqueous humour. 

ULA, Ceratocele, Hydatid, Hydroa — a. 

mnius. liquor of. 
i \ Ben Aqua Mom; \(;\ir. The minute 
portion of water which escapes when an opening 
is made into the capsule of the crystalline. 


AKA PARVA, a small altar:— a kind of band- 
age invent) i by Sostratus, which represents the 
corners "fan altar. — Gtalen. 

AR'ABE : a wound, a blow. — Erotian. 

An'tidote. A powder com] 

myrrh, costus, white pepper, <fcc. It was admi- 
nistered in new wine. 

ARAB'ICUS LAPIS. A sort of white marble, 
analogous t<> alabaster, found in Arabia. It was 
regarded as absorbent and desiccative, and was 
•yed in hemorrhoids. 
ARAB18 BARBAREA, Erysimum barbarea, 
AR'ABIS MALAGKMA. An antiscrofulous 
medicine, composed of myrrh, olibanum, wax, 
sal ammoniac, iron pyrites, &o. — Cclsus. 
ARABISTS, see Arabs, medicine of the. 
bians kept the torch of medical science illumi- 
nated during a dark period of the middle ages. 
Before the year of the Hegira. they had schools 
of medicine; but these were most flourishing 
: the 10th, 11 th. and iL'rh centuries. The 
chief additions made by them to medical science 
Merc in the departments of pharmacy and in the 
description of diseases. Their principal writers 
\ i ieenna, Serapion, Averrhoes, Kali Abbas, 
Maiinonides. Avcnzoar., Albucasis, 
I ;ie disciples of the Arab school were called 


ARACACHA, Conium mosohatum. 

ARACHIS AFRICANA, A. hypogea— a. Ame- 
ricana. A. Bypogea. 

Ab'achis Hypoge'a, A, America'na sen Afri- 
c i'h'i, Araehni'da hypogea. Ground nut, I'ca nut. 
almond, (>.) Mane; erroneously called 
Pistachio nut, in the South; Pindar a of the West 
Ord. LeguminoSflB. Cultivated in the 
Southern States. The seeds are oily, and are 
eaten. A kind of inferior chocolate may be 
made of them. 

ARACH'NE, nna-^vTi, 'a spider,' 'a cobweb.' 
Hence, Arachnitis, 4c. 

Ai: \ci!XiDA BYPOGEA, Arachis hypogea. 

AK LCHNI'TIS, more properly Arachnoldi'ti*, 
Arachnodei'tit, Inflammation of tlte Arachnoid. 
A variety of phrenitts. 


ARACU'NOID, Arachnoid* ne, Arachno'd* ". 
from apa^ir], 'a cobweb,' and tiUq, 'form,' resem- 
blance.' Resembling a spider's web. 

ArAOXHOID ('ana I., see Canal, arachnoid. 

ARACHNOID ok Tin-: STB. The lining mein- 
brane of a cavity, supposed by some to exist be- 
tween the BOlerotic and choroid. 

Ai: vi n'voii) Mimbhanb, Meninx mtfdia sou 
i. Tu'nica ara'nea sen cryttal'lina, M<- 
nin'gion, A name given to several membranes, 
which, by th.dr extreme thin: ble spi- 

der-webs. Cclsus and Oaleti called thus the 
membrane of the vitreous humour, — the tunica 
hyaloidea. The moderns use it now lor one of 
the membranes of the brain, situate between the 

dura mater and pia mater. It is a serous mem- 
brane, and composed of two layers; the external 
being confounded, in the greater part of its extent, 
with the dura mater, and, like it, lining the inte- 
rior of the cranium and spinal canal ; the other 
being extended over the brain, from which it is 
separated by the pia mater, without passil 
the rinuoBities between the convolutions, and 
penetrating into the interior of the bruin by an 
opening at its posterior part under the 
callosum. It forms a part of ibe investing .-heath 

of the nerve.-, as they pass flora the encephalic 

cavities. Its chief uses seem 1 DVelop, 

and, in some measure, protect the brain, and to 
secrete a fluid for the purpose of keeping it in a 
state best adapted for the proper performance of 
its functions. 


ARACK', Arroc/r ; (East Indian.) A spiritu- 
ous liquor made in India in various way-, often 
from rice, sometimes from BUgar ferment d along 
with the juice of the cocoa nut; frequently from 
toddy, the juice which flows from the cocoa-nut 
tree by incision, and from other substances. It 
is a strong, heating spirit 

ABACK, .Mock, is made by adding ^U of Ben- 
zoic acid to a quart of rum. The celebrated 
Vauxhall punch is made with such arack. 

ARACOUCHINI, fcica aracouchini. 


AR'ADOS, Apatos. The agitation excited in 
the stomach by the coction of aliments of differ- 
ent nature. — Hippocrates. Likewise, the motion 
produced by cathartics. 

AK.KHM'a, Interstice. 

ARAEOMETER, Areometer. 

AU.EOT'ICA, from a^mou. < I rarefy.' Medi- 
cines supposed to have the quality of rarefying 
the humours. See Rarefaciens. 

ARAEI, see Spirit. 

ARALIA CANADENSIS, Panax quinquefo- 

Ara'i.ia His'pida, Dwarf Elder, Ord. Aralia- 
cea?, is said to be diuretic, and has been recom- 
mended, in decoction, in dropsy. 

Ara'i.i a NtDKAt'i is, Nardut America' nue, 
Small Spikenard, Wild Liq'uorice, Sweet root, 
False or Wild Sareaparil' la, (F.) Petit uard. 
This American plant is said to he a mild simu- 
lant and diaphoretic, and lias been recommended 
as a substitute for sarsaparilla. It is used, also, 
as a tonic. It is in the secondary list of the 
Pharmacopoeia of the United States. 

Ara'lia Racexo'sa, American 8pikenard,haa 
the same properties as A. Nudii .in:-. 

Ara'lia Spino'sa, Angel' ica Tree, Prickly 
Ath, Toothach Tree, Spikenard Tree, Prickly 
Elder, Shotbuah, Pigeon Tree. Its properti 
not clear. The berries, and a tincture of them, 
have been employe. 1, it is said, successfully in 
toothoeh, A spirituous infusion has also been 
used in colic. The bark is officinal in the Phar- 
macopoeia of the United States. 

A RAM-: A, Araneee Tela — a. Tarentula, see 
Tar en tula. 

ARA'NEA TELA, Ara'nea, Ara'neum, Coo- 
.! ToiU d'Araignie. Formerly, this -ub- 
Btance was mucb employed, and BUppofi 'd to pog- 
\t inordinary virtues, especially when ap- 
plied to the wrists. Ii ha- heeii recently used 
again in intermittent.-. The spider itself, soft- 
ene 1 into a plaster and applied to the forehead 
and temples, IS said by Dioscorides to prevent 
ague. Cobweb is a mechanical styptic, and is so 
applied at time-. 

ARANEO'SA URI'NA. A term applied to 
the urine when loaded with filaments, like oob 

AUANEO'SUS (PULSUS); a term employed 




to express extreme weakness of pulse ; when the 
movements resemble those of a delicate net raised 
by the wind. 

ARANEUM, Araneae Tela. 

Ara'neum Ulcus, Astakil'los. A name given 
by Paracelsus to a malignant, gangrenous ulcer, 
extending from the feet to the legs. 

A KARA, Myrobalanus citrina. 

ARASCON, Nymphomania, Satyriasis. 

A RAT RUM, Vomer. 

ARAUCARIA DOMBEYI, Dombeya excelsa. 

AilBOISE, Arbutus unedo. 

ARBOL DE LEGHE, Galactodendron utile. 

ARBOR BENIVI, Benjamin— a. Indica, Lau- 
rus cassia — a. Maris, Coral — a. Thurifera, Juni- 
perus Lycia — a. Uteri Vivificans, Palmae uteri 

Arbor Vit;e, (F.) Arbre de vie. A name 
given to an arborescent appearance, observed on 
cutting the cerebellum longitudinally; and which 
results from the particular arrangement of the 
white substance with the cineritious. Also, the 
Thuya occidentals. 

Arbor Vit^e, American, Thuya occidentalis — 
a. Vita? Uterinus, Palmse uteri plieatae — a. Vitae 
of the Uterus, Palinae uteri plieatae. 

AR'BORES. A morbid alteration of the skin, 
which precedes its ulceration. Ruland. 

ARBORIZA'TION, Arhorisa'tio, (F.) Arbori- 
sation, from arbor, arboris, 'a tree.' The figure 
or appearance of a tree or plant. The capillary 
vessels, when injected, as in inflammation, fre- 
quently appear under the form of Arborizations. 

ARBOUSIER, Arbutus unedo. 

ARBRE DE VIE, Arbor Vitae. 

SIS, Hypericum bacciferum. 

ARBUTUS, A. Unedo — a. Trailing, A. Uva 
ursi, Epigaea repens. 

Ar'butus Uva Ursi, Arctostaph'ylos Uva itrsi, 
Maira'nia uva ursi. Ord. Ericaceae. Sex Syst. 
Decandria Monogynia. (F.) Busserolle ou Rai- 
sin d'Ours. The leaves — ( Uva Ursi, Ph. U. S.) 
• — of this plant are tonic and astringent, and have 
been employed, chiefly, in diseases of the urinary 
organs, and also as a parturifacient. Dose of the 
powder from gr. xv to gss. The English names 
are Trailing Ar'butus, Bear's Whortleberry or 
Bearberry, Mountain-box, Redberry, Upland 
Cranberry, Foxberry, Checlcerberry, (Sc.) Braw- 

Ar'butus Une'do, Ar'butus, Andrach'ne, Une'- 
do, U. papyra'cea, Ko/xapog, (F.) Arbousier, Ar- 
boise. A decoction of the leaves is astringent, 
and has been used in diarrhoea. 

ARC, Arch, Arcus, (F.) Arc, Arcade (diminu- 
tive). Any part of the body resembling an arch 
in form; as the Arch of the colon, (F.) Arc du 
colon, — the transverse portion of that intestine : 
■ — Arch of the Aorta, Arcus aor'tcB, (F.) Crosse 
de I'Aorte, &c, the turn which the aorta takes in 
the thorax. 

ARCA ARCANORUM, Hydrargyrum— a. Cor- 
dis, Pericardium. 

ARCADE, see Arc — a. Anastomotique, Arch, 
anastomotic — a. Crurale, Crural arch — a. Ingui- 
nale, Crural arch — a. Orbitaire, Orbitar arch — 
a. Pubienne, Pubic arch — a. Zygomatique, Zygo- 
matic arch. 

ARCADES DENTAIRES, Dental arches — 
a. Palmaires, Palmar arches. 


Baume d'Arcosus. A kind of soft ointment used 
in sores, contusions, &c. It is made by melting 
two parts of mutton suet, one part of hog's lard : 

turpentine and rosin, each one part and a half: 
straining and agitating till cold. 
ARC AN SON, Colophonia. 
ARCA'NUM, from area, <a chest.' A secret, 
a nostrum, a quack or empir'ical med'icine, (F.) 
Arcane. A remedy whose composition is kept 
secret; but which is reputed to possess great 
efficacy. \ 

Arcanum Corallinum, Hydrargyri nitrico- 
oxydum — a. Duplicatum, Potassae sulphas— *a. 
Tartari, Potassae acetas. 

ARCEAU, Arculus, Cradle. 

ARCEUTHOS, Juniperus communis. 

ARCH, ANASTOMOTIC, (F.) Arcade Anasto- 
motique, is the union of two vessels, which anas- 
tomose by describing a curved line. The vessels 
of the mesentery anastomose in this manner. 

Arch of the Aorta, see Aorta — a. Crural, see 
Crural arch — a. Femoral, see Crural arch — a. 
Gluteal, see Gluteal aponeurosis — a. Haemal, see 
Haemal arch — a. Inguinal, see Crural arch — a. Or- 
bital, see Orbitar arch — a. of the Palate, see Palate 
bone — a. of the Pubis, see Pubic arch — a. Subpu- 
bic, see Subpubic arch — a. Superciliary, see Su- 
perciliary arches — a. of a Vertebra, see Vertebrae — 
a. Zygomatic, see Zygomatic arch. 

Arches of the Palate. These are two in 
number on each side of the throat, one of which 
is termed anterior, the other posterior. 

The anterior arch arises from the middle of 
the velum palati, at the side of the uvula, and is 
fixed to the edge of the base of the tongue. 

The p>osterior arch has its origin, likewise, from 
the side of the uvula, and passes downwards to 
be inserted into the side of the pharynx. The 
anterior arch contains the circumflexus palati, 
and forms the isthmus faucium. The posterior 
arch has within it the levator palati, and be- 
tween the arches are the tonsils. 

ARCHiE'US, Arche'us, from apxv> 'commence- 
ment,' (F.) Archee. A word invented by Basil 
Valentine, and afterwards adopted by Paracelsus 
and Van Helmont. The latter used it for the 
internal principle of our motions and actions. 
This archaeus, according to Van Helmont, is an 
immaterial principle, existing in the seed prior 
to fecundation, and presiding over the develop- 
ment of the body, and over all organic pheno- 
mena. Besides this chief archaeus, whose seat 
Van Helmont placed in the upper orifice of the 
stomach, he admitted several of a subordinate 
character, which had to execute its orders; one, 
for instance, in each organ, to preside over its 
functions ; each of them being subject to anger, 
caprice, terror, and every human feeling. 

About twenty miles to the north of New Arch- 
angel, Sitka Island, on the N. "W. coast of North 
America, are some thermal sulphureous waters, 
the temperature of one of which is upwards of 
153° of Fahr. They are much celebrated. — Sir 
Geo. Simpson. 

ARCHANGELICA, Lamium album— a. Offici- 
nalis, Angelica. 

ARCHE, apx>), Inifium, Princip' ium, Primor'- 
dium, Ori'go, lnva'sio. The first attack of a dis- 

ARCHECPTOMA, Proctocele. 

ARCHEE, Archaeus. 

ARCHELL, CANARY, Lichen roccella. 

ARCHELOG"IA, from apyjn, 'beginning,' and 
\oyog, 'a discourse.' A treatise on fundamental 
principles — of medicine, for example. 

ARCHEN'DA. A powder of the leaves of the 
ligustrum, used by the Egyptians after bathing, 
to obviate the unpleasant odour of the feet. — 
Prosper Alpinus. 

ARCHIA'TER, Archia'trus, Protomed' icus t 




Protia'troe, from ap\u>. 'I am first,' and larpos' 
'physician.' The original signification of this 
word i> a matter of dispute. Borne oonsider, with 
talis, that it meant physician to a prince, 
, . : others, « ith ('. Hoffmann, ap- 
ry physician who, by his situation, 
1 above b - The former opi- 

nion seems to have prevailed — Archiatr* dvn 
J.'"it a og applied to the ohief physi- 

• l he kings of France. 
HIG"ENJ MORBL Acute diseases- be- 
they hold the first rank: from ap^n, 'be- 
ginning,' and yivopcu, ' I am.' 
i!M \ : A \, Chymistry. 
Archingeay is situate in France, three Leagues 
from St. Jean d'Angely. The waters are prised 
in all :u to contain carbonate 

<>f lime, a little chloride of sodium, carbonate of 
I some bitumen. 

CHITrS, Proctitis, Rectitis. 
ARCHOCELE, Proctocele. 

IOPTOSIS, Proctocele. 
ARCHORRHA'ttIA, from <,p X os, 'the anus,' 
and pr«j. ' I flow.' Arehorrhoe'a. Hemorrhage 
the amis. 

ARCHORRH(EA, Archorrhagia. 
AR( HOS, Areus, Rectum. 
A RCHl 1ST BG N 1 1 M A, Stricture of the Rectum. 
- I BGNOSIS, Stricture of the Rectum. 
ARCHOSTENOSrS, Stricture of the Rectum. 
ARCHOSYRINX, Fistula in ano. 

AR'CIFORM, Arcifnf' mis, from nr.r. 

or ridge,' and forma, "shape.' An epi- 
thet given to certain fibres, Fibra arcfform'ee, 
of the anterior pyramids of the medulla oblon- 
gata, which take a curved course around the in- 
ferior extremity of each corpus olivare and ascend 
towards the cerebellum. 

ARCT 'il'IO, Arctitu'do, from arcto, 'I make 
narrow;' Angueta'tio, Ooarcta' tio, (F.) /,', 

raction of a natural opening or of a 
canal, and especially of the vulva, of the orifice 
of the uterus, or of the intestinal canal. Consti- 
pation, 3 gnosis.) Rennion by suture or 
infibulation. — Scribonius Largus, Paul Zac- 
ARCTITUDO, Arctatio. 
ARCTIUM, A. lappa — a. Bardana, A. lappa. 
Arctium Lappa. The root and seed of the 
. Barda'na, kcxtiov, Arctium, A. barda'.na 
sen majue sea mi mix seu tomento'eum, riaphie, 
Lappa glabra, Lxppn major seu pereona'ta, Per- 
eola'ta, Pereolla'ta, Pereoln'ta, Burdock, (Old 
. Cuckold, (F.) Bardane, Olouteron, 
I. Composite 
Syngenesis sequalis. Boot, Lappa (Ph. r. §.), 
diuretic; teed, cathartic. It has been used in 
ises of the -kin and in syphilis. 
PI1 m .M \.m s, A. lappa — a. .Minn-. A. lappa 
— a. Tomentosum, A. lappa. 

'1 - BCHINA'TUS. A South Afri- 
can plant. Ord. Umbel liferas, which is demnloeni 
ami diur* bi •. somewhat approaching sarsaparilla. 
The decoction of the root is employed in syphilis, 
lepra, and chronic outaneous affections of all 

uva a 

ARl TU'RA, from arcto, •! straighten.' The 
of a nail grown into the flesh, Aretu'ra 

■ r ■■. Dnoi ii m. The growing in or inver- 
sion of tbe nn Onychogryphoaif. 

ARCDA'TIO, Concava'tio. An anterior gib- 
r projection of the sternum. 


cueil is about one league south of Paris. The 
water contains carbonic acid, carbonate of lime, 
sulphate of lime, chloride of sodium, aud some 
deliquescent salts. 

■ brated society held it- meetings at this 
village, of which Berthollet, Humboldt, La Place, 
&c, were members. 

ARCDLA CORDIS, Pericardium. The Orbitar Fossa): rro^cj. — 
Rnfuj of Kphesus. 

ARC'ULUS, diminutive of arcus, 'an arch.' A 
small arch: a cradle, (F.) Arceau, Archet. A 
semicircular box <,r basket used for preventing 
the bed-clothes from coming in contact with in- 
jured or diseased parts. An ordinance Of the 
Qrand Duke of Tuscany forbade mothers I 
with an infant near them, unless it was put under 
a solid cradle. 

ARCUS MEDULLARIS, Fornix— a. Senilis, 
Q-erotoxon — -a. Subpubicus, Subpubic arch — a. 
Superciliaris, Superciliary arches — a. Unguium, 
see Nail — a. Zygomaticus, Zygomatic arch. 

ARDALOS, Excrem 

ARDAS, Excrement. 

ARDENT, Ardene, from ardere, 'to burn.' 

Ardent Fever, (F.) Fiivre ardente. Caueue, 
Synocha, or inflammatory fever. 

Ardent or Inflamed Eyes, (F.) Teux ardene. 
The eyes are so called when injected red. 

Ardent Urine, (F.) Urine ardente. Urine of 
a deep red. 

ARDESIA HIBERNICA, Ilibcrnicus lapis. 

ARDEUR, Ardor— a. dn Coeur, Cardialgia— 
". d'Estomae, Ardor ventrieuli, Pyrosis — a,. de 
la Fiivre, Ardor Fcbrilis — a. d' Urine, Ardor 

AR'DOR, (F.) Ardenr. Heat. A feeling of 
burning, of violent heat; sEstns, JSstua'tio, Cau- 

Ardor Febri'lis, (F.) Ardenr de la Fiivrc. 
The hot period of fever. 

Ardor Stomachi, Pyrosis. 

Ardor Uri'n.s, (F.) Ardeur oVUrine. A scald- 
ing sensation occasioned by the urine in passing 
over the inflamed mucous membrane of the ure- 
thra, or over the neck of the bladder. 

Ardor VenereuS, Heat. 

Ardor Vehthic'uli, EbulWio Stom'achi, 
Heartburn, (Sc.) Heartmxee, Heartecald, Hereket, 
(F.) Ardeur d'Eetomac. See Cardialgia and 

A'REA, 'a void place,' 'an open surface.' A 
Latin word used by some authors to designate a 
variety of Alopecia, in which the hair changes 
colour, but does not fall off; also, Porrigo de- 

Area Germtnativa, Tache embryonnaire. 

Area Pbllu'cida. An elliptical depression in 
the ovum, filled with a pellucid fluid, in the cen- 
tre of which is the germ. 

Aria Vasculo'sa, see Circulus vem 

ARE'CA. The fruit — Are'ea nut, Betel nut — 
of Are'ea Cat'echu sen Fau/el, Caun'ga; Ord. 
Palmes; Sex. Syst. Monoecia Monadelphia; I. 
Aree, is astringenl and tonic, and enters into the 
composition of the Betel, the great masticatory 
of the Orientals. 

Areoa Catechu*, see Arcca — a. Faufel, see 

A R BF IC'TION, Are/ac'tio, A'< ran'sw, (noarais , 
from are/aeere, 'to make dry,' [arere, 'to dry,' 
and facere, 'to make.') The process of drying 
substances, prior to pulverization. 

ARENA, see OraveL 

ARENAMEN, Pole Armenian. 

ARENA'TIO, Tnhuma'tio, Gliosis, Sand or 




Earth Bath; from arena, 'sand:' Saburra'tio. | 

The application of hot sand to the body. Pedi- 
lu'via [?] of sand were formerly used in Ascites. 
ARENO'SA URI'NA, Sandy Urine. Urine 
when it deposits a sandy sediment. 

ARENO'SUS, Sabulous. Also, one who passes 
sandy urine. 
ARENULA, see Gravel. 

ARE'OLA. A diminutive of Area, (F.) Aire. 
Anatomists understand by Areolae, the inter- 
stices between the fibres composing organs, or 
those existing between laminae, or between ves- 
sels which interlace with each other. 

Areola is also applied to the coloured circle 
Halo, Halos, which surrounds the nipple, Are'- 
•>la papilla'rie, and which becomes much darker 
during pregnancy; as well as to the circle sur- 
rounding certain vesicles, pustules, &c, as the 
pustules cf the small-pox, the vaccine vesicle, 
&,c. Chaussier, in such cases, recommends the 
word Aure'ola, (F.) Aureole. 

Areola Papillaris, see Areola — a. Tubercles 
of the. see Mamma. 

ARE'OLAR, Areola' ris. Appertaining to an 

Areolar Exhalations are those recremen- 
titial secretions which are effected within the 
organs of sense, or in parenchymatous struc- 
tures — as the aqueous, crystalline, and vitreous 
humours, &c. 

Areolar Tissue, Cellular Tissue. 
AREOM'ETER, Arceom'eter, Gravim'eter, Al- 
coblom'eter, Alcoom'eter, Aerostat'ic Balance, from 
apaius, 'light,' and jxtrpov, 'measure:' i. e. 'measure 
of lightness.' An instrument 
so called because first em- 

ployed to take the specific gra- 
:r-~-- - . vity of fluids lighter than water. 
The Areometer of Baume, which 
3iZT11" is the most used in Pharmacy, 
_i\17r;: particularly in France, consists 
------ of a tube of glass, largely 

ILL"'™ expanded towards its inferior 
..~y.ll extremity, and terminating be- 
low by a small ball, containing 
mercury or lead., which serves 
it as a balance, so that it may 
remain upright in the fluid. 
This tube is furnished with a 
graduated scale. If the fluid 
into which the Areometer is 
plunged be heavier than water, 
the instrument rises ; if lighter, 
it sinks. There are various 
Areometers, as those of the 
Dutch, of Fahrenheit, Nichol- 
son, &o. The Areometer is also 
called Hydrom'eter, (F.) Areo- 
metre, Pese-liquevr. 

There are some hydrometers 
which have a general applica- 
tion for determining the spe- 
cific gravities of liquids — as 
Fahrenheit's, Nicholson's,Guy- 
ton de Morveau's, and the com- 
mon glass hydrometers, inclu- 
ding Baume's, Cartier's, Twad- 
dle's, Zanetti's, and the spe- 
cific gravity beads; others in- 
tended for special application 
— as for estimating the com- 
parative strength of spirits; the 
Baume's Hydro- comparative densities of sy- 
meter. rups, oils, <£c. — as Gay Lus- 

sac's, Sikes's, and Dicat's hy- 
drometers, and the saccharometer, urinometer, 
and elaeometer. 

scale op baume's hvdrometer, with corre- 
spondixg specific gravities. 

1. Ascending Scale for light liquids. 

Scale of 
















827 } 












900 j- 


906 ) 
915 j 


923 r 







935 y 












Pure hydrocyanic acid. — Gay Lus- 

Very pure sulphuric ether. 
The same concentrated. 

Equal parts of idcohol and ether. 
Very pure alcohol for pharmaceu- 
tical purposes. 
Pure alcohol. Naphtha. 
Alcohol of commerce. 
Essential oil of turpentine. 

Hydrocyanic acid of Scheele and 
pure hydrocyanic acid, mixed 
with an equal portion of water. 
— -Robiquct. 

Acetic ether. 

Nitric ether. 
Muriatic ether. 
Liquid ammonia. 
Olive oil. 


Burgundy wine. 

Bordeaux wine. 
Distilled water. 

2. Descending Scale for heavy liquids. 

Scale of 






1007 7 
1009 j" 











1180 | 
1210 S 









i39s y 














Common distilled water. 
Distilled vinegar. 
Common vinegar. 
Cow's milk. 

Concentrated acetic acid. 

Liquid hydrochloric acid. 

Boilins svrup. 
Cold Syrup. 
Common nitric acid. 

Concentrated nitric acid. 

Phosphoric acid for medical use. 

Very concentrated sulphuric acid. 
Very concentrated phosphoric acid 

ARES. A term invented by Paracelsus to de- 
signate the principle on which depends the form 
of mercury, sulphur, and salt. These the alehy- 
niists regarded as the three bodies that give birth 
to every other. 

AR'ETE, aptTT), 'virtue.' Mental or corporeal 
vigour. — Hippocrates. 

ARETHU'SA. A. bulbo'sa; indigenous. Order, 
Orchidaceee. The bruised bulbs are used in 
toothache ; and as cataplasms to tumours. 

A'REUS. A pessary mentioned by Paulus of 

ARGEL. Cynanchum oleoefolium. 

AR'GEMA, Ar'gemon, Ar'gemus, from apyos, 
1 white.' Fos'sula, (F.) Encavvre. A white spot 
or ulceration of the eye. — Hippocrates. See 
Leu com a. 

Prickly Poppy, Yellow Thistle. A native of 
Mexico, but naturalized in most parts of the 
world. Ord. Papaveraeeae. Sex. Syst. Polyan- 
dria Monogynia. The juice resembles gamboge, 




and has been used m a bydragogue, Th< 

are employed in the West Indies as a substitute 
for ipecacuanha. Tiicy are also used as a ca- 

chalybeate situate at ArgensOQ in Dauphiny : 
used in cases of obstruction, jaundic 

ARGENT, Argentam — a. Cklorure </', see Ar- 
gentuiu — a. Cyanure d', Me Argentam — a. it 
antra </', sec Argentam — a, 
Jodun gentum — a. Oxide </', Bee Ar- 

gentam — <j. Petit, Platinum — a. Roe, Hydrar- 

I ENTERI \. Potentilla anserina. 
ARGEN ll OHLORIDUM, see Argentam— a. 
et Ammonin ohloridam, see Argentam — a. et 
Ammonia ohloruretum, see Argentam — a. Cya- 
niJuin. Bee Argentam — a. Cyanaretam, 
gentutn — a. Iodidum, see Argentam — a. Iodure- 
tum. see Argentum. 

s ii N1TBA8, Argen'tum Nitra'tum seu 
Nit'rieum, Sal argen'ti, (F.) Nitrate on 

rate of Silver. This preparation is 
tics kept in crystals, the Nitrae ArgenHi 
in crystal' lot eonere'tue, Nitrate d' Argent cryetal- 
the Codes of Paris, Luna potab'ilit, Orye- 
talli Luna, Argen'tum nit'rieum cry stalliea' turn, 
Nitrae argenti crystal' linue, Nitrum luna're, Hy- 
1. Generally, however, it is in 
the fused state : and it is this which is admitted 
into most Pharmacopoeias, and which, besides 
the name Nitrae Argenti, is called Ni'trae argen'ti 
seu fusum, Oaue'ticum luna're, Lapis infer- 
na'lix, Argen'tum nit'rieum fusum, and lunar 
caustic, (F.J Nitrate d' argent fondu, Pierre in- 
fernal >-. 

In the Pharmacopoeia of the United States, it 
is directed to be prepared as follows : — Take of 
in .-mall pieces, ^j ; nitric arid, f^vij, 
distill- <l water, f^ij. Mix the acid with the 
water, and dissolve the silver in the mixture in 
a .-and bath ; then crystallize, or gradually in- 
crease the bea^ so that the resulting salt may be 
dried. Melt this in a crucible over a gentle lire, 

ntinue the heat until ebullition 1 
then immediately pour it into suitable moulds. 

The virtue* of nitrate of silver are tonic, and 
eschar.';;.-. It is given in chorea, epilepsy, A.'.: 
locally, it is used in various eases as an escha- 
rotic. Lose, gr. 1-S to gr. 1-4. in pill, three times 
a day. 

When silver is combined with iodine, it is said 
to have the Mime effect as the nitrate, and not to 
produce the Blate colour of the surface, which is 
apt to follow the protracted use of the latter. 
Augment] Oxrouir, see Argentam. 

AR'GENTINE, Argcnto'sus, same etymon as 
ct. Pertaining to silver: as an 'argentine 
solution.' or solution of a salt of silver. 
. Potentilla anserina. 
ARGEN'TUM, Ar'gyrue, from apyos, 'white.' 
Silver, /.una, Dia'na. (F.) Argent. A Bolid metal 
lining white appearance j insipid; inodor- 
ous; highly sonorous: malleable and ductile; 
I at hard; erystalli/.able in triangular py- 
ramids : fusible a little above a red heat, and 
volatil 10,4. No1 used in medicine, 

ii - .111.; places fur Bilveriog pills. SlLTER 
Argen'tum folia' turn, is the state in which 
it is used f..r this par] 

A1..1.SHM Ihvi'si \i, metallic si/rer, in v.-ry 
fine powder, has been recommended internally in 

The Cbxoridi (Argen'ti chlo'ridum, Arrjen'- 

tmm muriat'ieum sen cklora'tum sen tali' turn. 

Ohlorure'tum Argen'ti, Chlor'urei or Mu'riate <>f 

. (F.) Chlorure d' Argent); the Cyanuket; 

the Iodide (Argen'ti To'didum, Argen'tum loda'- 
tunt, lodure'tum Argen'ti, lod'uret of Silver, (F.) 

lodurc d'Aryeiit :) the OxiDl (Argen'ti OX 1 iditm, 

Argen'tum oxyda'tum, (F.) Oxide a* Argent), »>na 
the Chloride «'t' Ammonia and Bilveb (Argen'ti 
et Ammo'nia chlo'ridunx, Argen'tum muriat'ieum 
ammonia' turn, Ohlorure'tum Argen'ti <t Ammo'- 
nicE, Chlo'ruret of Silver and Ammonia, Ammo- 
nio-chloride <</ Silver, ( F. ) Ohlorure d"Ai 

d'Ammnniaqu-- .have be. 11 u.-cd in Byphilis. At 
first, these different preparations were adminis- 
tered iatraleptically on the gums ; the chloride, 
the cyanide and the iodide in the dose of l-ll'th 
of a grain; the chloride of silver and ammonia 

in the dose of 1-1 1th of a grain, and the oxide of 
silver and divided silver in the do.-e of 1-Mh and 
l-4th of a grain. M. Scire, of Montpellier, who 
made many trials with them, soon found that 
these doses were too small: lie therefore rai.-ed 
that of the chloride to 1-1 0th, and of the iodide 
to 1 -St h of a grain, without any inconvenience 
resulting. The dose of the other preparations was 
likewise increased in a similar ratio. M. Serre 
extols the preparations of silver — used internally 
as well as iatraleptically — as antisyphilitics, but 
they are not to be depended upon. 

The Cyanuret or Cyanide of Si/rer, Argen'ti 
Oyanure'tum seu Cyan'idum, Argen'tum eyanoge- 
na'tnm, (F.) Cyanure d' argent, is thus directed 
to be prepared in the Ph. U. S. (1S42.) Argent, 
Nit. <£xr, Acid Hydrocyan., Aq. aestillat. aa Oj. 
Saving dissolved the nitrate of silver in the 
water, add the hydrocyanic acid, and mix them. 
Wash the precipitate with distilled water and dry 
it. In the last edition of the Pharmacopoeia, 
(1851,) it is directed to be prepared as follows: — 
Nitrate of Si/rer, dissolved in distilled water, is 
put into a tubulated glass receiver : Ferocyanuret 
of Potassium, dissolved in distilled water, is put 
into a tubulated retort, previously adapted to the 
receiver. Dilute Sulphuric Acid is added to the 
solution in the retort; and. by means of a sand- 
bath and a moderate heat, distillation is carried 
on until the liquid that passes over no longer 
produces a precipitate in the receiver. The pre- 
cipitate is then washed with distilled water, and 

The Oxide of Silver, Argen'ti Ox'idum, has 
been introduced into the last edition of the Ph. 
U. S. (1S51). It is made by precipitating a solu- 
tion of the Nitrate of Silver by solution of J'o- 
tassa, drying the precipitate. 

Argentum Chloratl'm, see Argentum — a. 
Cyanogenatum, see Argentum — a. Fugitivum, 
Hydrargyrum — a. Fusum, Hydrargyrum — a. 
lodatum, see Argentum — a. Liquidum, Hydrar- 
gyrum — a. Mobile, Hydrargyrum — a. Aluriati- 
cum, see Argentum — a. Muriaticum Ammonia- 
tum, see Argentum — a. Oxydatum, see Argentum 
— a. Salitum, see Argentum — a. Vivum, Hydrar- 

ARGIL, PURE, Argilla pura. 


a. Rolus rubra. Hole Armenian — a. FerruiJiiea 
rubra, Role Armenian — a. Kalisulphuriea, Alu- 
nien — a. Pallida, Bolus alba. 

Argilla Pura, Terra Alu' minis seu bolofris, 
sou argilla' cea pura Ben depura'ta sen hydra' ta, 

A/ii'mina juifi sell d< jtura'ta, Ox'idum a/umiu' ii, 

pure Argil or Alumina, (F.) Alumint ' 
This substance, which is prepared by drying alum 

a&d exposing it. for twenty or twenty-live mi- 
nutes, to a red heat, until the sulphuric acid is 
driven off, has been recommended in indigestion 
as antacid, as well as in vomiting and diarrhoea 
accompanied with acidity. The dose to a very 
young ehild is from ~ } <± to £j > to older children 
from 3J to 3ij. 




Arc ill A Sulphurica Alcalisata, Alumen — 
a. Sulphmrica usta. Alumen exsiceatnm — a. Su- 
persulphas alcalisatum, Alumen — a. Yitriolata, 

ARGILL2E ACETAS, Aluminas acetas — a. 
Bnlphas, Alumina? sulphas. 

ARGOL, RED. Potaasae snpertartras impurus 
— n. White. Potassae supertartras impurus. 


ARGY'RIA, from apyvpog, 'silver.' The dis- 
coloration of the skin occasioned by the internal 
use of nitrate of silver. 

ARG Y K OHJETA . Matricaria. 

ARGYROPH'ORA, from apyvpos, 'silver/ and 
<bzpu>, 'I bear.' A name given, by Myrepsus, to 
an antidote which he regarded as extremely pre- 


ARGYRUS, Argentum. 

ARHEUMAT'IC, Arheumat'icus, from a, pri- 
vative, and pevfia, 'fluxion or rheumatism.' One 
without fluxion or rheumatism. 

ARIA, Crataegus aria — a. Cattiva, see Miasma. 

ARICI'XA, Aric"ia, Cus'conin, Cusco-Cincho'- 
nia, so called from Arica in South America, the 
place where it is shipped. An alkaloid found in 
Cusco Bark, which is very similar in many of its 
properties to Cinchonia. Cusco was the ancient 
residence of the Incas. 

ARIC'YMOX, from apt, an intensive particle, 
and Kvuv, ' to conceive.' A name given to a 
female who conceives readily. — Hippocrates. 

ARIDE'XA. A Latin word employed to de- 
signate the leanness of any part. — Ettmuller, 

ARID'ITY, Arid'itas. (F.) Aridite, from orere, 
'to grow dry.' The French use the word A ri- 
dite to express the dryness of any organ, and 
particularly of the skin and tongue, when such 
dryness is so great as to render the organ rough 
to the touch. Aridite also means the lanuginous 
appearance of the hair in some diseases in which 
it seems covered with dust. 

ARIDU'RA. Wasting or emaciation of the 
whole or of any part of the body ; Marasmus, 

Ariduea Cordis, Heart, atrophy of the — a. 
Hepatis, Hepatrophia. 

ARIKA, see Spirit. 



ARISTOLOCHI'A, from aptaros, 'very good,' 
and Xo^tia, 'parturition;' so called, because the 
different varieties were supposed to aid parturi- 
tion. Birthicort, (F.) Aristoloche. Ord. Aris- 
tolochiaceae. Several varieties were once in use. 

Aristolochia Cava, Fumaria bulbosa. 

Aristolochi'a Clemati'tis, Aristolochi' a Vul- 
garis seu Cre'tica seu ten'uis, Adra Riza (F.) 
AristoJoche ordinaire, Upright Birthicort. The 
root has been considered stimulant and emmena- 
gogue, and as such has been used in amenorrhcea, 
chlorosis, and cachexia. 

Aristolochia Cretica, A. Clematitis — a. Fa- 
bacea, Fumaria bulbosa — a. Hastata, see A. 
serpentaria — a. Hirsuta, see A. serpentaria. 

Aristolochi'a Loxga, and A. Rotux'da, (F.) 
Aristoloche longue et ronde, Long and Bound 
Birthicort. Virtues the same as the preceding. 

Aristolochi'a Pistolochi'a, Pistolochi'a Aris- 
tolochi'a, Pohjrrhi'za. This variety has an aro- 
matic odour, and an acrid and bitter taste. (F.) 
Aristoloche crtnelee. 

Aristolochia Reticulata, see A. serpentaria. 

Aristolochi'a Serpexta'ria, Serpenta'ria, S. 
Virginia' na, Vipera'ria, Yiperi'na Virginia' na, 
Colubri'na Virginia'na, Contrayer'va Virginia'- 
na, (F.) Serpentaire et Aristoloche serpentaire de 

Virginie, Culuvrine ou Couleuvree ou Viperine de 
', Virginie, Virginia Snakeroot, Snakeroot Birth- 
i wort, Snakeiceed, Snagrcl. Virtues of the root, 
| /Serpenta'ria, tonic, stimulant; and as such, em- 
i ployed in debility, intermittents, <tc. Aristo- 
j lochi'a Hirsu'ta, A. Hasta'ta and A. Retictt- 
la'ta; indigenous, are employed indiscriminately 
with A. Serpentaria under the name Serpentaria 
!; or Virginia Snakeroot. 

Aristolochi'a Sipho, Dutchman's pipe, and 
A. Tomexto'sa; indigenous, have virtues like 
those of A. Serpentaria. 

Aristolochi'a Tenuis, A. Clematitis — a. To- 
mentosa, see A. sipho — a. Trifida, A. Trilobata. 

Aristolochi'a Triloba'ta, A. trifida, (F.) 
Aristoloche trilobee. A plant of Surinam and 
| Jamaica; possessing the general virtues of the 
| Aristolochiaceae. The other varieties of Aristo- 
lochia have similar properties. 

Aristolochi'a Vulgaris Rotunda, Fumaria 

ARISTOLOCH'IC, Aristoloch'icus. Same ety- 
mology. An old term for remedies supposed to 
have the property of promoting the flow of the 
lochia. — Hippocrates, Theophrastus, Dioscorides, 

YUM. These names were formerly given to 
pharmaceutical preparations, used in phthisis, 
tormina, and fever. — Avicenna. 

ARISTOPHAXEI'OX. A sort of emollient 
plaster, prepared with four pounds of pitch, two 
of apochyma, one of wax, an ounce of opoponax, 
and half a pint of vinegar. — Gorraeus. Xot 

About 5 miles from the "Washita river, and about 
a quarter of a degree north of the Louisiana line, 
there are about 70 of those springs: — Ouachita 
or Washitau Springs. They are thermal, vary- 
ing from 138° to 150° Fahrenheit, and are em- 
ployed in rheumatism, cutaneous affections, &c 

ARK-BEIX, Pubis os. 

ARKEIOX. Arctium Lappa. 

ARLADA. Realgar. 

mal sulphureous springs in the department of 
Pyrenees Orientales, France. Their temperature 
is 103° to 145° of Fahr., and they contain sul- 
phohydric acid. 

ARM, Brachium. 

ARMA. Penis— a. Ventris, Penis. 

ARMAMENTARIUM, Arsenal — a. Chirurgi- 
cum, see Arsenal — a. Portabile, see Case. 

ARMATORY UXGUEXT, Hoplochrysma. 

ARMATURA, Amnios. 

A R ME, from aput, 'I adapt.' Any physiolo- 
gical or mechanical junction or union of parts. — 
Hesychius. A suture, as of the cranium. — Galen. 

aca — a. Mains, Apricot, see Prunus — a. Vulgaris, 
Prunus Armeniaca. 

ARMEXIAX STOXE, Melochites. 

ARMEXITES, Melochites. 

nular ligaments of the carpus. 

ARMOISE BLANCHE, Artemisia rupestris 
— a. Commune, Artemisia vulgaris — a. Estragon, 
Artemisia dracunculus — a. Ordinaire, Artemisia 

ARMOXIACUM, Ammoniac, gum. 

ARMORA'CIA, from Armorica, where it was 
largely cultivated. In the Pharmacopoeia of the 
United States, the fresh root of Cochlearia arnio- 

Armoracia Rusticaxa, Cochlearia armoracia 
— a. Sativa, Cochlearia armoracia. 

ARMOUR, Condom. 




ARMURB DBS JAMBES, see Curnu am- 

All. MI'S. Humerus — a. Summus, Acromion. 
A 1; \. Alnus glutinosa. 

ARNALD'IA, Arualdie. which 

g to bare prevailed in England at one 
time, but whose origin and nature are unki 

apanied with loss Of hair; and, by 
sumo, is supposed to have been Syphilis. " Deinde 
uterque Hex inoidit in Bgritudinem, quam Ar- 
naldiam vocant, in qua ipsi usque ad mortem 
labor antes, capillos buos deposuerunt." — Rogenu 
il nus. in Ricardo L, cited by Da I 

AR'NICA MONTA'NA. Derivation uncer- 
tain, irrn'i • Bane, Doron'icwn Oer- 
11 Oppoeitifo'lium sou Plantag"inia 
Ai'iiirn ! Alt*' ma, Ae"yrue, 
Diuret'ica, Panace'a lapeo'rum, Ptar'mioa »o»- 
Caltha sen Calen'dula Alpi'na, Narrlus 
Cel'tica al'tera, F. Arnique, BStoine on Tabac 

. abac ou Bt- 
. /■ ronic oV Allemagne, Plan- 
tain ou s ft. Syngenesis 
Polygamia superflua. Ord. Composite. The 
plant and fl i, Ph. I'. 8. | are consi- 
dered, or have been considered, narcotic, stiinu- 
: and, as such, have been 
given in amaurosis, paralysis, all nervous affec- 
tions, rheumatism, gout, chlorosis, Ac. Dose. 
gr. v to x, in powder. In large doses it is dele- 

\ NoDlCAULia and A. Mollis are sup- 
I to have medical virtues like the last 
ARNIC \ PLAUEXSIS, Arnica niontana — a. Spuria. 
Inula dysenterica — a. Suedenaia, Inula dysen- 

A BNIQ I ' B. Arnica niontana. 
ARNOTT'S DILATOR, see Dilator, Arnott's. 
ARNUT, Bunium bulbocastanum. 
ARO'MA, Ar'tyma, 'perfume:' {apt, intensive, 
and oafirj or oiptn, 'odour,' or from apu>, 'to make 
fitting or agreeable.') Spir'itm Rector, (P.) 
The odorous part of plants. An ema- 
nation — frequently imponderable — from bodies, 
which acts on the organ of smell, and varies with 
the body exhaling it. 
AROMATE, Aromatic 

AROMAT'IC,ArotNO<'ieu0, (F.) Aromate. Any 
odoriferous buI stance obtained from the vegetable 
kingdom which contains much volatile oil, or a 
Kghl and expansible resin. Aromatics are used 
Fumes, in seasoning, and embalming. In 
medicine they are employed as stimulants. Gin- 
, iiaiaun, cardamoms, mint, <ic, belong to 


AR'OMATIZE, (F.) Aromatiser. To add to a 
mixture or potion some aromatic, to mask its 
r render it mure agreeable. Such mix- 
ture is then -aid to he aromai 

AROMATOPO'LA, from apwfia, 'an odour,' 
and t:oj>!w, ' I sell.' An apothecary or druggist. 
One who sells spices. 

ARON, Arum. 

AROPH. A barbarous word, which had vari- 

gnificationfl with the ancients. Paracelsus 

employed it to designate a lithonthriptio remedy. 

The mandragora, according to some. Ala >. a 

mixture of bread, saffron, and wine. — Van Hel- 


LSI, Ferrum atnmoniatum. 
■ ' BBUSADE, EAV 1>\ Aqua traumat- 
ica Thede'nii sen Thedin' no sen telopeta! 

ttapnlta'rum, Mittu'ra xndnera'- 

ria ac"ida. A ><>rt of vulnerary water, distilled 

from ;i !';irra_ r " of aromatic plants. Rosemary, 

mille/oil, thyme, each tbss; Proof spirit, 2 

gallons — distil a gallon. This is one form. 

ARR, Cicatrix. 

ARRABON, Arraphon, 
ARRACMEMENT (P.), from arrael 
tear out, 1 Apoepae'ma, Abrup'tio, Avul'eio. Art 

of separating a part >>i' the body by tearing it from 

the bonds connecting it with others. Evulsion. 
Arrackement \< applied to certain operations, 
as t<> the extraction of a tooth, the extirpation of 

a pi< 

ARB \*K. Lraok. See Spirit. 

AB RAPHON, Ar'rabon, from a. priv., and 
pa^, 'a suture,' — 'without suture.' A term 
applied to the cranium when it presents no 

ARRECTIO, Erection. 

ARRED, Bee Scar. 

ARREPTIO, [nsanity. 

ARRESTA BOVIS, Ononis spin< 

ARRET VH1LDAN, Remora Hildani. 

ARRJSTE-BGBUF, Ononis Bpinosa. 

ARRHGS'A, from a. priv., and peu, 'I flow.' 
The suppression of any flux. Amenorrheas* 



ARRHOSTIA, Disease, Infirmity. 

ARR1I V T HMD B, Cacorrhythmus. 

ARRIBA, Geoffraea vermifuga. 

ARRI&RE-BOUCHE, Pharynx — a. -Bent, 
see Dentition — a. -Eaix, Secundines. 

ARRIJZRE-GOUT (P.), 'after taste' The 
taste left by certain bodies in the mouth for some 
time after they have been swallowed, owing per- 
haps to the papilhe of the mouth having imbibed 
the savoury substance. 

ARR IB BBS MARINES, Xares, posterior. 

ARROCHE, Atriplex hortensis — a. Puant, 
Chenopodium vulvaria. 

ARB OSEMENT, Aspersion. 

ARROWHEAD, Sagittaria variabilis. 

ARROW LEAF. Sagittaria variabilis. 

ARROW POISON. This differs with different 
tribes of Indians. By some, the poison capsicum, 
and infusions of a strong kind of tobacco, and of 
euphorbiaceaa are mixed together, with the poi- 
i sonous emmet, and the teeth of the formidable 
serpent, called, by the Peruvian Indians. Miua- 
murn or Jergon — Lachenis pieta of Tschudi. 

ARROW ROOT, Fee'ula Maran'ta, Am'ylum 
maranta'ceum sen America'num. The fecula of 
the rhizoma of Maran'ta Arundina'eea, Maranta 
(Ph. U. S.J, Ord. Marantacee, which, like all 
feculsa, is emollient and nutritive, when prepared 
with water, milk, etc. 

Dr. Carson has shown, that Florida arrow root 
is derived from Za'mid integrifo'lia or Z.pu'mila, 
Sugar pine, Ord. CycadaeesBj Bermuda arrow 
root being obtained from Maranta arundi 
Florida arrow root, as well as the farina, is known 
in the Southern States under the name Goonti or 

According to Dr. Ainslie, an excellent kind of 
arrow root, is prepared in Tra van core from the 
root of Curcuma anguetifolia, Ord. Zingibei 

Arrow root mucilage is made by rubbing arrow 
root powder with a little cold ir,,t< r, in a 
by means of the back of a spoon, until if is 
pletely mixed with the water; then pouring boil- 
ing water over it. stirring assiduously until a BOft, 
gelatinous, tenacious mucilage is formed; and, 
lastly, boiling for live minutes. A tablespoonful 

of arrow root powder is sufficient to make a pint 

of mucilage. It may be lerately sweetened; 

and wine or lemon juice may be added. 

With milk also it forms a bland and nutritious 
article of diet. 

Arrow Root, Brazilian. The fecula of Ju- 
[ t tropha Manihot, 




Arrow Root, Common, see Solanum tubero- 

Arrow Root, East India*. The fecula of the 
tubers of Curcuma angustifolia, or narrow-leaved 

Arrow Root, English, Arrow root, common. 

ARROW Root, Tahi'ti, Tacca starch, Otahei'te 
Sale p. The fecula of Tacca Oceanica. 

ARROW WEED, Sagittaria variabilis. 

ARROW WOOD, Euonyinus, Viburnum den- 

ARS CABALISTICA, Cabal— a. Chymiatrica, 
Chymiatria — a. Clysmatica nova, Infusion of me- 
dicines — a. Coquinaria, Culinary art — a. Cosrue- 
tica, Cosmetics — a. Culinaria, Culinary art — a. 
Empirica, Empiricism — a. Formulas medicas con- 
cinandi, see Prescription — a. Hermetica, Chymis- 
try — a. Iloinoeopathica, Homoeopathy — a. Hydria- 
trica, Hydrosudotherapeia — a. Infusoria, Infu- 
sion of medicines — a. Machaonia, Medicina — a. 
Majorum. Chymistry — a. Medica, Medicina — a. 
Obstetricia, Obstetrics — a. Sanandi, Art, healing 
■ — a. Separatoria, Chymistry — a. Signata, Cabal 
— a. Spagyrica, Chymistry — a. Sphyginiea, Sphyg- 
mologia — a. Veterinaria, Veterinary Art — a. Zoia- 
trica. Veterinary Art. 

ARSALTOS, Asphaltum. 

ARSATUM, Nymphomania. 

ARSECOCKLE (Sc), synonymous with Teut. 
aers-bleyne, tuberculus in ano. Originally, a 
hot pimple on the hips. Now, in Scotland, a 
similar pimple on the face or any part of the 
body. — Jamieson. 

ARSENAL (F.), Chirapothe'ca, Armamenta- 
rium. A. Chirur'gicum. A collection of surgical 
instruments. A work containing a description 
of surgical instruments. Armamenta'rium ob- 
stet'ricum has the same significations in regard to 

ARSEN'IATE, Arsen'ias, (F.) Arseniate, from 
cpanv, 'robust.' A salt formed by a combination 
of arsenic acid with a salifiable base. 

Arseniate op Ammonia, Arsen'ias Ammo'nia, 
Ammo'nium Arsen'icum seu Arsenic'icum, (F.) 
Arseniate d' Ammoniaque. This preparation is 
highly extolled in cutaneous diseases. A grain 
of the salt may be dissolved in an ounce of dis- 
tilled water, and 20 to 25 drops be commenced 
with as a dose. 

Arseniate op Iron, Arsen'ias Ferri, Ferritin 
Arsenia'tum seu Arsenic'icum oxydula'tum, (F.) 
Arseniate de Fer. This preparation has been 
applied externally to cancerous ulcers. An oint- 
ment may be made of £ss of the arseniate, gij of 
the phosphate of iron, and Jvj of spermaceti 
ointment. The arseniate has also been given 
internally in cancerous affections, in the dose of 
one-sixteenth of a grain. 

Arseniate of Protox'ide of Potas'sium, 
Proto-arsen' iate of Potas'sium, Arsen'iate of Po- 
tassa, Arsen'ias Potassce seu Kali, (F.) Arseniate 
de Potasse, Sel arsenical de JIacquer. Proper- 
ties the same as those of arsenious acid. 

Arseniate of Quinia, Quinioe Arsenia?. 

Arsen'iate of Soda, Sodce arsen'ias, (F.) Ar- 
seniate de Sonde. Made, according to the Codex 
of Paris, by mixing and heating to redness arse- 
nious acid and nitrate of soda; dissolving the 
salt in water; adding carbonate of soda until 
there is an alcaline reaction; filtering, evapora- 
ting, and crystallizing. It is the basis of Pear- 
son's Solution, which is formed of one grain of the 
crystallized arseniate to one fluidounce of distilled 
water. Dose, gtt. xx. Meinecke's Solution con- 
sists of the arseniate, gr. vj : peppermint icater, 
f 3 iiss : icine of cinnaman, f |jss ; laudanum, f ^j- 
Dose, forty to fifty drops. 

ARSE XI A TE DE SO UDE. Arseniate of Soda. 

AR'SENIC, Arsen'icum, (Ph. U. S.) A solid 

metal ; of a steel-gray colour : granular texture j 
very brittle; volatilizing before melting; very 
combustible and acidifiable. It is not dangerous 
of itself, and only becomes so by virtue of the 
facility with which it absorbs oxygen. 

ARSENIC 1JLAXC. Arsenicum album. 

Arsenic, Iodide of, Arsen'ici Io'didum seu 
Teriod'idum seu Iodure'tum. Arsen'icum 
turn, Hydri'odas arsen'ici, formed by the combi- 
nation of arsenic and iodine. This preparation, 
applied externally, has been highly extolled in 
various cutaneous affections. An ointment may 
be made of three grains of iodide to £j of lard. 
It has also been given internally in the dose of a 
tenth of a grain in similar affections. It is offici- 
nal in the Ph. U. S. 1851. 

Arsenic, Oxide of, Arsenicum album — a. Ox- 
ide of, White, Arsenicum album — a. White. Arse- 
nicum album. 

Arsenic and Mercury, Iodide of, Hydrar'- 
gyri et Arsen'ici Io'didum, Double 1'odide of 
Jler'cury and Ar'senic, Iodo-arsenite of Mer'cury. 
A compound, which has been proposed as more 
efficacious than either the iodide of arsenic or 
the iodide of mercury. It is made by tritura- 
ting 6'0S grains of arsenic; 14-52 grains of mer- 
cury; 49 of iodine, with a fiuidrachm of alcohol, 
until the mass has become dry, and from being 
deep brown has become pale red. Eight ounces 
of distilled icater are poured on, and, after tritu- 
ration for a few moments, the whole is trans- 
ferred to a flask: half a drachm of hydriodic 
acid, prepared by the acidification of two grains 
of iodine, is added, and the mixture is boiled for 
a few moments. When the solution is cold, make 
the mixture up to f^viij with distilled water. 
This is called by Mr. Donovan, the proposer, 
Liquor Arsen'ici et Hydrar'gyri Iv'didi, each 
drachm of which, by measure, consists of water, 
£j ; arsenious acid,gr. 1-Sth ; peroxide of mercury, 
gr. l-4th; iodine, converted into hydriodic acid, 
gr. 3-4ths. In the last edition of 'the Ph. U. S. 
it is directed to be made of Arsenici lodidum 
and Hydrargyri lodidum rubrum. each gr. xxxv; 
and Aqua destiUata, Oss; dissolving by rubbing, 
heating to the boiling point, and filtering. 

The dose of Donovan's Solution is from Tr^x 
to f gss, two or three times a day. 

It has been used successfully in inveterate cu- 
taneous diseases. 

ARSEN'ICAL, Arsenica'lis, (F.) Arsenical. 
Relating, or appertaining to, or containing, ar- 

Arsen'ical Paste, (F.) Pate Arsenicale. 
This application to cancers is formed of 70 parts 
of cinnabar, 22 of dragon's blood, and S of arse- 
nious acid ; made into a paste with saliva, when 
about to be applied. 

Arsenical Powders of Frere Come, and op 
Justamond, see Powder, Arsenical. 

Arsenical Solution, see Arseniate of Soda, 
and Liquor Arseniealis. 

ARSENICI HYDRIODAS, Arsenic, Iodide of 
— a. lodidum, Arsenic, Iodide of — a. Ioduretuui, 
Arsenic, Iodide of — a. Teriodidum, Arsenic, Io- 
dide of. 

ARSENICISMTS, Intoxica'tio Arsenica'lis. 
Poisoning bv arsenic. 

ARSENICUM, Arsenic. 

Arsen'icum Album, White Ar'senic, Oxide 
of Ar'senic, Ratsbane, Arsen'ici ox'i/dum al- 
bum, Calx Arsen'ici alba, Ac"iaum Arsenico'sum 
seu Arsenio'sum (Ph. U. S.), Arsenious acid, White 
oxide of arsenic, (F.) Arsenic blcmc. An avid 
which is met with in commerce, in compact, white, 
heavy, fragile masses: of a vitreous aspect, opake, 
and covered with a white dust ; of an acrid and 
nauseous taste ; without smell when cold : vola- 
tilizable by heat, and exhaling the odour of gar- 




labia in water, alcohol, and oil; erystal- 
lisable in regular i .It is this that is 

meant by the name arsenic, M commonly used. 

Oxidi is the one employed in medi- 

cine. It is tciiiie and escharotie, and is the most 
virulent of mineral poisons. It is used in inter- 
mittents. periodical headachs, nouros. ■-. I . 1' - . 
gr. one-tenth to one-eighth, in pill. See Poisons, 

Arsenicum Iodatum, Arsenic, Iodide of — a. 
Rubrum factitium, Realgar. 

ARSENIS, Arsenite of protoxide 
of potassium — a. Potasses aquosus, Liquor arseni- 
calis — :i. Potasasa liquidus, Liquor arsenicalia. 

AR'SENITB, Ar'senis. A ealt, formed by a 
combination of the arsenious acid with a salifi- 
able i - 

mti: of Protox'ide of Potas'sium, Pro- 
\ite of Potas'sium, Ar'tenUe of Potasea, 
Ar'aen An uncrystallizable and co- 

lourless salt, which forms the basis of the liquor 
arsenical i«, which see. 

!\[.v. Quinisa arsenis. 
3B-SMART, BITING, Polygonum hydro- 

.'. HEALING, Art Sanan'di, Jlcdici'na. 
The appropriate application of the precepts of 
the best physicians, and of the results of experi- 
ence to the treatment of disease. 
Art. Veterinary, Veterinary art. 
AR'TABE, apTaJri. Name of a Persian mea- 
sure fur dry substances, in use with the ancients, 
equal at times, to 5 modii : at others, to 3; and 
at others, again, to 7. — Galen. 

German waters have been much recom- 
mended in hysteria, gout, palsy, <!tc. Their 
physical or chemical properties have not been 

ARTEMIS'IA, Anacti'rion. Ord. Composite. 
Called after a queen of the name, who first em- 
ployed it: or from Aprt^?, 'Diana;' because it 
- of women, over 
whom she presided. The Gauls called it Bricu- 

Artemis'ia ABROT'ANUM, Abrot'anum, Abrot'- 
anum, Abrot'anum Oathsum seu Mas, Abrathan, 
South' ernwood, Oldman, Slovenwood, (F.) Abro- 
'■ i row, Aurone male, Aurone dea jardins, 
itronelle. Supposed to be poc 
of stimulant properties. 

/ Southernwood, O'leum Abrot'ani, (F.) 
| ossesses the aromatic proper- 
ties of the plant. 

Artemis'ia ABSiN'Tmor, Absinthium, A. vul- 
Apsin'thium, Barvpi'cron, Common Worm- 
Absinthe. Properties: — tonic 
and anthelmintic. The Oil of Wormwood, O'leum 
Abain'thii, (P.) Huile d? Absinthe, contains the 
aromatic virtues of the plant. 

ARTEMISIA \ri:\.a South African species, is 
tonic, antispasmodic and anthelmintic; and baa 
been used in debility of the Btomaoh, riseeral ob- 
structions, jaundice and hypochondriasis. It is 
taken in infusion, decoction and tincture. A 
strong infusion is used by the Cape Colonists as 
a eollyrium in weaknesa of the eyesj and the 
pounded leares and stalks are employed as dis- 
cutients in oedema and angulations. 

Artemisia Alba, A. Sautonica — a. Balsamita, 
A. Pontic*. 
Artemisia Bien'nis, Biennial Wormwood; in- 

Artkmisia Botrys, Chenopodium ambrosi- 

ArTEMIB'IA CaMPES'tRIS, Field Southernwood, 

(P.) Aurone dea Champa. This possesses the 
Bame properties a- .1. Abrot'anum, 

ARTEMISIA CAMADEHBIB, l';ui;ui;i Wurmwood— 
a. Candata; indigenous. 

Artemisia Ciienouuimum, Chenopodium bo- 

ArTKMISIA Ciiinen'sis, A. In'diea, A. Mosca. 
From this the Chinese form their moxas. 

Artrmisia Contu.v grows in Persia, Asia 

Minor, and other parts of the Ka.-f. 

Artrmisia Dracun'cut.ub, Tar'ayon, (F.) Ar- 
moiae tetragon, Estragon. Virtues: — the same 
as the last. The leaves are much used to 
food, especially in the form of Es'tragon vin'egar. 

Autkmis'ia CiI.ACIa'lis, Silky Wormin 

Artkmisia Indica, Artemisia Chinensis, A. 
Bantonioa : 

ARTRMISIA Juda'icA, grows in Palestine, Ara- 
bia, China, Cochin China, and Northern Africa. 

Artrmisia Lbptophtlla, A. Pontioa; 

Artemisia Marit'ima, Absin'tkium Mari'num 
seu Marit'imum, Sea Wormwood, Maritime South- 
ernwood j 

Artemisia Moxa, A. Chinensis; 

Artemis'ia Pon'tica, A. Roma'na seu Tenuu 
fo'lia seu Balaami'ta seu Leptophyl'la, Absinthi- 
um Pon'ticum seu Roma'nuiu, Roman Wormwood, 
Leaser Wormicood, possess like virtues; — as well 

Artemisia Romara, A. Pontica; 

Artemisia Rubra, A. Santonica; and 

Artemis'ia Ruprs'tris, Creeping Wormwood, 

Gen'ipi album, (F.) Armoiae blanc, Genipi blanc. 
This variety has aromatic virtues, and is used in 
intermittent^, and in amenorrhcea. 

Artemis'ia Santon'jca, Santon'ieum, Canni 
Herba, Ghamaeedris, Chamaey pari*' sue, Absiu'- 
thium Santon'ieum, Sementi' na, Xantoli'na, Sche- 
ba Ar'abum, Sina seu Cina Levan'tica, Tartu' rian 
South' ernwood, (F.) Barbotine. From this and 
other species of absinthium is obtained the so- 
called Semen contra vermes seu Contra seu Zedo' 
a'ricB seu Santon'ici seu Cina?, Hagiosperm'um, 
Sanctum Semen, W'ormaeed, which do not consist 
of seeds, but of broken peduncles. Virtues: — 
anthelmintic and stimulant. Dose, gr. x. to £j 
in powder. Its active principle is San'tonin, the 
dose of which is from 2 to 5 grains in the day, 
for a child six or eight years of age. 

Artrmisia Tenuifolia, A. Pontica. 

Artemis'ia'ris, Artemis'ia rubra >t 
alba, Cin'gulum Saneti .Joan' nix, Mat<r Jlerba'- 
rum, Bereniseeum, Bubasteeor' dium, Canapa'eia, 
Mugtoort, (F.) Armoiae ordinaire, A. Commune, 
fferbe de Saint Jean, Ceinture on Couronne dc 
Saint .Jam. This, as well as Borne other varie- 
ses the general tonic virtues of the 
Artemisia. 1 . Artemisia vulgaris has been highly 
extolled by the Germans in cases of epilepsy. 
; the powder, in the '21 hours, from 5ss to 


ARTE RE, Artery— «. Brachiale, Brachial ar- 
tery — a. Braehio-cephalique, Innominate srteria 
— a. Bronchique, Bronchial artery—". Ciliaire, 
Ciliary artery — a. Ctitorientie : see Clitoris — a. 
Ccecalc : see Colic arteries — a. Collaterals dn 
eonde, Anastomotieus magnua ramus — a. Collate. 
ml, ezterne, Arteria profunda humeri — or. Colla- 
terals interne, Anastomotieus magnns ramus — ". 
Coronain des leoree, Labia] artery — ". Coronaire 
Stomachique, Coronary artery — a. Crural,, (rural 
artery- — a. l>< uziime </<* thoraciques, Arteria tho- 
raoica externa inferior — a. Kpineuse, Meningeal 
artcry.middlt — <<. Femoro-poplitit ,Isehiatic artery 
- a. Fes Ore, Glateal srterj — ". Gastrique droite, 
petite, Pyloric artery — a. Gutturo-maxillaire, 
Maxillary artery, internal— a. Hontt 
Pudic, external, artery — a. Honteusi interne, Pu- 




die, internal, artery — a. Humerale profonde, Ar- 
teria profunda humeri — a. Iliaque primitive, Iliac 
artery — a. Innominee, Innoruinata arteria — a. 
Irienne, Ciliary artery — a. lachio-penienne : see 
Pudie, internal, artery — a. J/cdiane anterieure, 
Spinal artery, anterior — a. Medicine posterieure 
du ruchis, Spinal artery, posterior — a. Meningee 
moyenue, Meningeal artery, middle — a. Mining- 
ienne posterieure. Prevertebral artery — a. Jlcnton- 
niere, Meutal foramen — a. Jlesocephalique, Basi- 
lary artery — a. Meaocolique: see Colic artery — 
a. Muaeulaire du bras, Arteria profunda humeri 
— a. Muaeulaire du bras, grande : see Collateral 
arteries of the arm — a. Muaculaire grande de la 
cuisse, Arteria profunda femoris — a. Opiathogaa- 
trique, Cceliac artery — a. Orbitairc, Ophthalmic 
artery — a. de VOcaire, Spermatic artery — a. 
Pelci-crurale, Crural artery — a. Pelii-crurale, 
Iliac artery — a. Pehienne, Hypogastric artery — 
o. Premiere des thoraciques, Arteria thoracica 
externa superior — a. Prevertebrale, Preverte- 
bral artery — a. Radio-carpienne transversnle 
pjahnaire. Radio-carpal artery — a. Scrotale, Pu- 
die, external, artery — a. Sous-clauiere, Subcla- 
vian artery — a. Sous-jiubio-femorale, Obturator 
artery — a. Sous-jiubienne, Pudic, internal, artery 
— a. Sous-sternal, Mammary, internal— -«. Sphe- 
no-epineuse, Meningeal artery, middle — a. Stomo- 
gaatrique, Coronary artery — a. Sus-carpienne : 
see Sus-carp>ien — a. Sus-ma.rillaire, Alveolar 
artery — a. Sus-maxillaire, Buccal artery — n. 
Sus-metatarsienne. Metatarsal artery — a. Sus- 
jjubienne, Epigastric artery — a. Testiculaire, 
Spermatic artery — a Thoracique humerale, Acro- 
mial artery — a. Trachelocervical : see Cerebral 
arteries — a. Trochanterienne, Circumflex artery 
of the thigh — a. Troisieme des thoraciques, Acro- 
mial artery — a. Tympanique, Auditory artery, 
external — a. Uveale : see Ciliary artery — a. Vul- 
vaire. Pndic. external, artery. 

ARTERIA. Artery — a. Ad Cutem Abdominis, 
see Ad Cutem abdominis, (arteria) — a. Anonyma, 
Innominata artery — a. Aspera. Trachea — a. Ce- 
rebralis, Carotid, internal — a. Cervicalis. Basilary 
artery — a. Coronaria dextra. Pyloric artery — a. 
Crassa, Aorta — a. Cruralis, Crural artery — a. 
Externa Cubiti, Radial artery — a. Dorsalis meta- 
eurpi. Metacarpal artery — a. Dura? matris media 
maxima. Meningeal artery, middle — a. Encepha- 
lica. Carotid, internal — a. Gastrica superior, 
Coronary artery — a. Ileo-colica : see Colic arteries 
— a. Iliaca interna, Hypogastric artery — a. Iliaca 
posterior, Hypogastric artery — a. Magna. Aorta 
— a. Magna pullicis, Princeps pollicis — a. Malleo- 
laris externa : see Tibial arteries — a. Malleolaris 
interna: see Tibial arteries — a. Mammaria ex- 
terna, A. Thoracica externa inferior — a. Maxima, 

— a. Meningaea media, Meningeal artery, middle 
— a. Muscularis femoris. A. Profunda femoris — 
a. Pharyngea suprema, Pterygoid artery — a. Pro- 
funda cerebri: see Cerebral arteries — a. Pudenda 
communis, Pudic, internal, artery — a. Pudica, 
Pudic, internal, artery — a. Ramulus ductus 
Pterygoidei, Pterygoid artery — a. Spheno-spi 

ARTE'RL£ ADIPO'SJ?. The arteries which 
secrete the fat about the kidneys are sometimes 
so called. They are ramitications of the capsular, 
diaphragmatic, renal, and spermatic arteries. 

Arteria Apoplectics, Carotids— a. Capitales, 
Carotids — a. Ciiiares, Ciliary arteries — a. Corporis 
callosi cerebri, Mesolobar arteries — a. Jugulares, 
Carotids — a. Letbargicaa, Carotids — a. Mesolobi- 
C33, Mesolobar arteries — a. Prseparantes, Sper- 
matic arteries — a, Sornniferae, Carotids — a. Sopo- 
|| rales, Carotids — a. Soporariaa, Carotids — a. Ye- 
nosce, Pulmonary veins. 

ARTE'RIAL, Arteri'acus, Arterio'sus. Be- 
longing to arteries. 

Arterial Blood, (F.) Sang arteriel. Red 
blood is so called because contained in the arte- 
ries. The pulmonary veins, however, also con- 
tain red blood : hence the name arterial veins, 
(F.) Veines arterielles, applied to them. 

Arterial Constitution, Plethora arteriosa. 

Arte 'rial Duct, Cana'lis arteriosus, Ductus 
arteriosus seu Botal'lii, (F.) Canal arteriel, ft 
Pulmo-aortique, is the portion of the pulmonary 
artery which terminates in the aorta in the foetus. 
When this duct is obliterated after birth, it is 
called Arte'rial Lig'ament, Ligamen'tum arterio'- 
sum, (F.) Ligament arteriel. 

Arterial System includes all the arteries, 
from their origin in the heart to their termina- 
tion in the organs. See Vascular System. 


ARTERIARCTIE, from aprrjpia, 'artery/ and 
arcto, 'I straiten.' Contraction of an artery. 


ARTERIECTOP'IA, from aprrjpia, 'artery,' 
and tK-o-oi, 'out of place.' Dislocation of an 


ARTERIITIS, Arteritis. 


ARTERIOGRAPHY, Arteriogra'phia : from 
aprrjpia, 'artery,' and ypacpn, 'a description.' A 
description of the arteries. 

ARTERIOLA. A small artery. 

ARTERIOL'OGY, Arteriolog" ia ; from aprrj- 
pia. 'artery,' and Xoyog, 'a discourse.' A treatise 
on the arteries. 

ARTERIO-PHLEBOTOMY, see Bloodletting. 

ARTE'RIO-PITU'ITOUS. An epithet ap- 
plied to vessels which creep along the interior of 
the nostrils. — Ruysch. 

ARTERIORRHEXIS. see Aneurism. 

ARTERIOS'ITAS, Arterios'ity, from arteria, 
'an arterv.' A conditio'n of the blood in which 

nosa. Meningeal artery, middle — a. Spinales, Spi- 

' it preserves in the veins the arterial character. — 
. || The opposite to Yenositas. m 

Arteriositas Sanguinis, Praedominmm san- 
guinis arteriosi. 

AR TE R 10 STE IE, from aprrjpia, 'artery,' and 
I oareov, 'a bone.' Ossification of an artery. — 
! Piorrv. 

ARTERIOSTEXO'SIS, from aprrjpia, 'artery,' 
i 1 and ctevos, 'contracted.' Contraction or oblite- 
ration of an artery. 

ARTERIOT'OMY, Arteriotom'ia. from aprrjpia, 

'an artery/ and repvw, 'I cut.' This word has 

been used for the dissection of arteries. Most 

| ! commonly, however, it means a surgical opera- 

[■ tion, which consists in opening an artery, to 

draw blood from it. Arteriotomy is chiefly used 

in inflammatory affections of the head, when the 

blood is generally obtained from the temporal 

i artery. See Bloodletting. 

ARTERI'TIS, Arterii'tis, Inflamma'tio Arte- 
[' ria'rum, (F.) Artirite, Inflammation des arterea ; 
! from aprripia, 'an artery," and it is, a termination 
|| denoting inflammation. Inflammation of an ar- 

nal arteries — a. Spinalis, A. Profunda humeri — 
a. Sternalis, Mammary, internal — a. Supra-orbi- 
taiis. Frontal artery — a. Sylviana: see Cerebral 
arteries — a. Thoracica axillaris vel alaris, Scapu- 
lar artery, inferior — a. Thoracica humeralis, 
Acromial artery — a. Transversalis colli: see 
Cerebral arteries — a. Transversalis humeri, Sca- 
pular artery, superior — a. Ulnaris, Cubital artery 
— a. Uterina hypogastrica, Uterine artery — a. 
Yasta posterior, A. Profunda femoris. 

ARTE'RIAC, Arteri'acus. A medicine pre- 
scribed in diseases of the windpipe. Also arte- 



tery. Inflammation of the inner coat of an 
artery is termed End - fcmar- 

; of the outer, Exo-arteri'tia or Ewar- 

AR'TBRY, ArWria, (P.) Art, re, from avp, 
'air.' and ttjuciv, '; .' quasi, 'receptacle 

of air,' because the ancients believed that it eon- 
. e the name Art, rjf 
to the tra -hea. aoTspia rpagcta, because it is tilled 
with air: and afterwards they used the same 

term f>r the arteries, properly go ealle 1. probably 

commonly found them empty in the 

dead i and, also, fksfiss to designate 

the arteries, called by the Latins Wmr mioan'tes 
tth the moderns, signify 
the order of vessels, whieh arise from the two 
ties of the heart, and have valves only at 
their origin. They are cylindrical, firm, and 
elastic canals : of a yellowish white eolour ; little 
dilatable : easily lacerable; and formed, 1. Of an 
external, laminated, or areolar membrane, Tu'- 
terna sen adventWia sou ccllulu'ri*, Va- 
gina eeUula'ris, of a dense and close character. 
1'. Of a middle coat, Tu'nica me'dia seu elas'- 
tmposed of fibres, which do not, however, 
contract on the application of the galvanic stimu- 
rmed chiefly of elastic tissue, and also of 
smooth muscular fibres, and eminently elastic; 
and. 3. Of an inner coat. Tu'nica in'tima seu 
glabra, which is thin, diaphanous, reddish, and 
use of the arteries is to carry the blood 
from the heart to the various parts of the system. 
It will be obvious, however, that they cannot all 
conrey arterial blood. The pulmonary artery, 
imple, is destined to convey the venous 
I > the lungs, there to be converted into 
' : whilst the pulmonary veins convey 
arterial blood back to the heart. 


All the arteries take their rise from the Pul- 
monary Artery, or the Aorta ; and the names 
generally indicate the parts to which they are 
distrii a 

I. Arteria Pulmonalis. 
The Pulmonary Artery arises from the right 
ventri' a divides into a right and left 

branch, one of which is distributed to each lung. 

II. Arteria Aorta. 
The Aorta arises from the left ventricle. It is 
the common trunk of the arteries of the body, 
and may be divided into five portions. 

riet furnished by the Aorta at its origin. 

1. A. Cardiacs or coronaria anterior. 

2. A. Cardiaca or coronaria posterior. 

b. Arteries furnished by the Aorta at its arch. 

The arch of the Aorta gives off, to the left, two 
considerable trunks — the Arteria carotidea pri- 
nt itiva, and A. $ubclavia; and. to the right, a 
single trunk, which is larger — the .1. innominata, 
or Brachio-cephaliea, which divides into the pri- 
i and subclavian* 

A. Artekia Cako- f Divides into A. Carotidea externa, 
tldlv i'itiMiiivv.1 and a. Carotidea rat 

f trurnishes, i. ,i. Thuroidea superior. 

•j. ,i ■ ■ • , which gives off the A. dor- 

[nguai and A. sublingualis. 
3. A. faciatit Tel -1- Mamtlaru 

which furnishes the A. palatini inte- 
rior, the A. submental!*, and A. coro- 
aaria superior and inferior. 
L ipitalis, which gives off the A. 

mastoldea posterior, 

which gives off 
6. .1. ■ ' rior. 


The external carotid ultimately divides into the tem- 
poral artery and internal maxillary. 

• ' famishes -t. transwertalit faciei, A. auricw- 
laria anterior, and A. tempor a lis 


2. A 
Mux, Ha- 
ter iia. 

h. A.Ca- 


T?. Air 


I. Axil- 

A. Bra- 



■2. A. Cu- 


Furnishes 13 branches, viz. — A. m.ningca 
medi ■. i. '■*''/-. .1. temi 

mda posten I 

. '. 
fiiw borbi- 

taris, A. vidi i a, A. / 

and .1. spht 
Furnishes, 1. A. ophthalmica, which 
off A. lacrymalis, A. centralis ratio 
supraorbitaria vel superciliaris. A..: 

teriores, A. clliares tongas, A. museu- 
laris superior et inferior, A. ethmoidalis 
•• rior et anterior. A. palpebralis supe- 
rior et inferior, A. nasalis, and A. fronta- 
lis. 2 A. communicans WiUesiL 3. A. 
choroid, n. 4. A. cerebratis anterior. i>. A. 

Furnishes, 1. A. oeriebrdUs, which p'wes off 
A. spinalis anterior et posterior, A. cere- 
bellosa inferior, and forms— by uniting it- 
self with that of the opposite side — the A. 

aria, divided into A. cerebellosa su- 
perior and A. oerebralifl posterior. 2. A 
thyroidal inferior, which gives oil A. eer- 
vicalis aseendeiis. 3. .1. mammary 
tema, which gives off the a. mediasUna 
anterior and A. diaphragmatica superior. 
4. A. tut- /■ ■ <■<<•(- 

lis transversa. 0. A. scapularis suj 
7. A. <■• / '/• vel profunda. 

Farther on, the subclavian artery conti- 
tinues its progress uuder the name -1. axil- 
Furnishes, 1. A. acromialis. 2. A. thoracica 
riar. 3. A. thoracica infi rior vel longa 
vel maun.' 4. A. scapularis 

\ •■! communis. 5. A. cirri'. 
posterior. 6. A. cirewnfi Far- 

ther on, the axillary artery continues un- 
der the name A. brachiulis. 

'Furnishes A. humerdUs profunda vel crillate- 
rulis externa, 2. A. cdUateralis interna, 
It afterwards divides into the radial and 
cubital arteries. 
dives off A. recurrens radiedis, A. dorsalis 
carpi, A. dorsalis metacarpi, A. d</rsalis 
poUicis, and terminates in forming the 
Arcus palmaris profundus. 

'Gives off A. recurrens cubitalis anterior and 
posterior: A. tnlerossea anterior and pos- 
t. rior. whieh latter furnishes .1 n 
radial is post. rior. It terminates in form- 
ing the super) r arch, which 
gives off A. cdBaterales diaitorum. 

Arteries cjiven off by the Aorta in the Thorax. 




1. .1. Bronchica, dextra et sinistra. 

2. A. asophmjaa (to the number of four, 

five, or six). 

iastina post i 
4. .1. intercostales inferiores vel aorticce 
(to the number of eight, nine, or ten). 

d. Arteries furnished by the Aorta in the Abdomen. 

Tluse C 


are, (. 

2. A 

1. The A. diaphragmatica vel pkrenica, 
Which divides into three branches, 1. A. to- 
uli. 2. A. Bepatica, which 

'_:\ iT A. pylorica, A. gaatro-epiploica 

dextra. and A. cystica ; and. lastly, the .1. 
which :-\\>-< ofl L. ; r :t~tro-epiplo- 
lca sinistra and Vasa brevia. 

Which .rives off at its concavity the A. rn- 

xtra superior, media et nth rior. and 

at its convex part from Lfi to 'JO Kami in- 


3. .1 
/. rica 

sup. nor. 

4. .1 

o. The I ' •' (to the number of two on 

each Side '. 

7 . .1. Spermatica . 
B. A. Lumbares (to the number of four and five on 

each side). 

Which L'ives off A. oolica tuptri 

and infsrior, and divides into A. basmor- 

rhoidales Buneriores. 




a. A. II 
iaca ir 

b. A. II 

iaca ex- 

A. Cru 


A. Pop- 

2. A. Ti- I 

bialis <J 

e. Arteries resulting from tlte Bifurcation of the 

The Aorta, a little above its Bifurcation, gives off 
the A. sacra media, and divides into A. iliacoz primi- 
A. Jhaca (j^ viAea j a t A. Iliaca interna and A. lliaca 

i ari ""'""■ 

Furnishes, 1. A. ilw-lumbaris. 2. A. sacra 
lateralis. 3. A glutea vel iliaca posterior. 
4. A. umbilicalis. 5. A. vesicalis. 6. A. 
obturatoria. 7. A. hcemorrhoidea media. 
8. A. uterina. 9. A. vaginalis. 10. A. 
iscJiiatiea. 11. A. pudenda interna, which 
gives off the A. hemorrhoidales inferiores. 
A. of the septum, A. transx-ersa perinei, 
A. corporis caoemosi, and A. dorsalis penis. 
Furnishes. 1. A. epigastrica, 2. A. iliaca an- 
terior vel circumjlexa ilii, and is continued 
afterwards under the name of Crural Ar- 
Furnishes, 1. A. subcutanea abdominalis. 2. 
A. pudenda superficialis and pro/ unda. 3. 
A. muscularis superficialis. 4. A. muscu- 
taris profunda, which gives off the A. cir- 
cumflexa externa and interna, and the 
three Perforantes, distinguished into su- 
perior, middle, and inferior. Farther on, 
the crural artery continues under the name 
A. Poplitaia. 
Furnishes, 1. A. Articulares superiores, in- 
terna, media, et externa. 2. A. Gtmellm. 
3. A. Articularts inferiores, interna et ex- 
terna. 4. A tibialis antica, which, at the 
foot, takes the name A. dorsalis tarsi, and 
gives off the tarsal and metatarsal arte- 
ries. In the leg, the popliteal artery di- 
vides into the peroneal and posterior 

1. A. Pe- \ Divides into A. per oncea antica and A. peron&a 
ronasa. ) postica. 

( Divides into A. plantaris interna and A. 
plantaris externa. The latter, by anasto- 
mosing with the A. dorsalis tarsi, forms 
the plantar arch, whence arise Rami su- 
periores vel perforantes pGstici, B. Inferi- 
ores postici et antici, which give off Rami 

l_ perforantes antici. 

Artery, Angular, Facial artery — a. Articu- 
lar, Circumflex artery — a. Brachiocephalic, Inno- 
minate arteria — a. Central of the retina, Central 
artery of the retina — a. Central of Zinn, Central 
artery of the retina — a. Cephalic, Carotid — a. 
Cerebral posterior, Vertebral — a. Cervico-scapu- 
lar, see Cervical arteries — a. Coronary of the lips, 
Labial artery — a. Crotaphite, Temporal artery — 
a. Fibular, Peroneal artery — a. Gastric inferior, 
G-astro-epiploic artery — a. Gastro-hepatic, see 
Gastro-epiploic artery — a. Genital. Pudic (inter- 
nal) artery — a. Guttural inferior, Thyroideal A. 
inferior — a. Guttural superior, Thyroideal A. su- 
perior — a. Humeral, Brachial artery — a. Iliac 
posterior, Gluteal artery — a. Iliaco-muscular, 
Ileo-lurnbar artery — a. Labial, Facial artery — a. 
Laryngeal superior, Thyroideal artery, superior 
— a. Maxillary internal, Facial artery — a. Median 
of the saerum, Sacral artery, anterior — a. Xasal, 
lateral, large, Spheno-palatine artery — a. Palato- 
labial, Facial artery — a. Pericephalic, Carotid 
(external) — a. Pharyngeal, superior, Pterygo- 
palatine artery — a. Phrenic, Diaphragmatic ar- 
tery — a. Posterior, of the brain, see Cerebral ar- 
teries — a. External scapular, Acromial artery — 
a. Spinal, Meningeal artery, middle — a. Subcla- 
vian right, Innominata arteria — a. Subscapular, 
Scapular artery, inferior — a. Superficial of the 
abdomen, Ad cutem abdominis (arteria) — a. Su- 
pramaxillary. Alveolar artery — a. Suprarenal, 
Capsular artery — a. Thoracic, internal, Mammary 
internal — a. Urethro-bulbar, Transverse perineal 
artery — a. Vesico-prostatic, Vesical artery — a. 
Vidian. Pterygoid artery. 

ARTETIS'CUS, from artus, 'a limb.' One who 
has lost a limb. 

ARTEURYSMA, Aneurism. 

ARTHAXI'TA, from aprog, 'bread;' the Cyc'- 

lamen or Sowbread. It was formerly made into 
ointment, Unyuen'tum Arthani'tce, with many 
other substances, and was employed as a purga- 
tive, being rubbed on the abdomen. 

Arthanita Cyclamen, Cyclamen. 

ARTHETICA, Teucrium chanifepitys. 

ARTHRAGRA, Gout— a. Anomala, Gout, an- 
omalous — a. Genuina, Gout, regular — a. Legiti- 
ma, Gout, regular — a. Normalis, Gout, regular — 
a. Vera, Gout, regular. 

ARTHRALGIA, Arthrodynia, Gout. See Lead 

ARTHRELCO'SIS, from ap&pov, 'a joint,' and 
f £>xwo-iff, 'ulceration.' Ulceration of a joint. 

ARTHREMBOLE'SIS, same etymon as the 
next. The reduction of a fracture or luxation. 

ARTHREM'BOLUS, from apSpov, 'a joint,' 
tv, 'in,' and (5a\\u, 'I cast.' An ancient instru- 
ment used in the reduction of dislocations. 

ARTHRETICA, Teucrium chamaapitys. 

ARTHRIT'IC, Arthrit'icus, Gouty, from ap&pov, 
'a joint.' (F.) Arthritique, Goutteux. That which 
relates to gout or arthritis, as arthritic symptoms, 
&c. See Podagric. 


ARTHRITIF'UGUM, from arthritis, 'gout/ 
and fugare, 'to drive away.' A remedy that 
drives away gout. Heyden terms cold water, 
internallv. the arthritif'ugum magnum. 

ARTHRITIS, Gout, Arthrophlogosis, Arthro- 
sia — a. Aberrans, Gout (wandering) — a. Acuta, 
Gout (regular) — a. Arthrodynia, Rheumatism, 
chronic — a. Asthenica, Gout (atonic) — a. Atonic, 
Gout (atonic) — a. Diaphragmatica, Angina Pec- 
toris — a. Erratica, Gout (wandering) — a. Hydrar- 
thros, Hydrarthrus — a. Inflammatoria, Gout (re- 
gular) — a. Juvenilis, see Rheumatism, acute — a, 
Maxillaris, Siagonagra — a. Nodosa, Gout (with 
nodosities) — a. Planetica, Gout (wandering) — a. 
Podagra, Gout — a. Rheumatica, see Rheumatism, 
acute — a. Rheumatismus, Rheumatism, acute — 
a. Retrograda, Gout (retrograde). 

ARTHROC'ACE, from apSpov, 'a joint,' and 
KaKoq, 'bad.' Disease of the joints; and espe- 
cially caries of the articular surfaces. Spina 

Arthrocace CoxARmr, Coxarum morbus. 

ARTHROCACOLOG"IA, from arthrocacia— 
according to Rust, a chronic disease of the joints; 
and \oyog, 'a description.' A treatise on chronic 
diseases of the joints. 

ARTHROCARCINO'MA, from ap$pov, 'a 
•joint,' and Kapmvwua, 'cancer.' Cancer of the 

ARTHRO CHONDRITIS, from a/^yv, 'a 
joint,' ^ovSpog, 'a cartilage,' and itis, denoting 
inflammation. Inflammation of the cartilages 
and joints. 

ARTHRO'DIA, from ap$pov, 'a joint.' Adar- 
ticula'tio, (F.) Enfoncnre, Enfonceure. A move- 
able joint, formed by the head of a bone applied 
to the surface of a shallow socket, so that it can 
execute movements in every direction. Arthro'- 
dium is 'a small joint;' diminutive of Arthrodia. 

ARTHRODYX'IA, Arthronal'gia, Arthralgia, 
from ap&pov, 'a joint,' and oSvvn, 'pain.' Articu- 
lar pain. Pain in the joints. See Rheumatism, 

Arthrodynia Podagrica, Gout. 

ARTHROGRAPHY, Arthrograph'ia, from 
apSpov, 'a joint/ and ypa^w, 'I write.' A de- 
scription of the joints. 

ARTHROGRYPOSIS, from aptpov, 'a joint,' 
and ypvnou), 'I incurvate.' Malposition of the 
joints, especiallv of the hands and feet. 
ARTHROL'OGY, Arthrolog"ia, from apSpov, 
'a joint.' and \oyos, 'a description.' A descrip- 
tion of the joints. The anatomy of the joints. 




ARTHROMBOL3, from ■*£»•», and tfaXAw, 
»] • lion, i Uicti.'ii. Reduction of 

a lux:it>'il or fractured I 

HROM KN I NGITIS, Meninirarthroeace. 
ARTHRON, 'a joint. ' The ancients Mad the 

word Arthron for the articulation of bones with 
in to 8wmpkusis, or articula- 
tion without motion. 

[RON VLGIA, Arthrodynia. 

throphm'ma, from aotyov, 
'a joint,' an.l syne, 'a swelling.' Tumefaction 
of a joint. 

AR r B.KOP'ATRY f Arthropathi'a, (ramap&pov, 
'a joint,' and *a$os, 'affection.' A Lisease of the 

AR rHROPHLOGO'SIS, from ea&sav, «a joint,* 

yu, 'l bum:' Arthri'tis, (JsUirthro'sis. 

Inflammation of the joints. 



see Adi noctmndrius. 

ARTHROPYO'SIS, Arthronempye'sis, from 
apSpoi, 'a joint.' and nvsv, 'pus.' Suppuration 
the joints. 
(acute . 

ARTHRO'SIA, from mf&se**, 'I articulate.' 
Arthritis, (of some). Inflammation, mostly OOn- 
Cik'.I to ti:' isionally 

extending to the Burrounding muscles. A genua 
of diseases in tl i od, including 

Gout, Articular inflammation, Joint- 
acke, Ac. 

ABTHR08IA ACUTA, Rheumatism, acute — a. 
Chronica, Rheumatism, chronic — a. Lumborum, 
Lumbago — a. Podagra, Goat — a. Podagi 
pKcata, _ iej — a. Podagra larvata, 

Gout . Podagra regularis, Gout (re- 

gular . 

ARTHROSIS, Articulation. 

ARTHROS 3, from ao?oov, 'a joint,', 

and c- '"ge.' A white, fungous tu- 


ARTHROTRAU'MA, from a^pov, 'a joint,' 
and t,..-...i. 'a wound.' A wound of a joint. 

thic lu sy- 
nonymous with aprtipia; others use it synony- 
mously with Triir},. ,i. 

'CffAUT, Cynara Bcolymus. 
Alt I [CHOKE, Cynara scolymus. 

ARTICLE, Articulation — a. of Death, see 


AB rnara scolymus. 

ARTICULAR, ArticuWris, (F.) Artieulaire, 
from artns, 's joint;' articulus, 'a small joint.' 
That which the articulations— as the 

• OF THI Ai:m, Circumflex 
arteries of the arm. 

A i: r i. ' i i a i: Au'teriks OF tite Knee arise 
from the popliteal artery, and surround the 
.1 articulation. Although of a small size. 
they are important, as they furnish blood to the 
lower extremity after the operation for popliteal 
aneurism. They are distinguished into superior 

/trior. The superior articular arteries, 
popliteal articular arteries, are oommonly three 
in number; one of which is internal, another «.<■- 
mother mi t'vgous artic'- 

ular. The first, Ramus anastomot'ieus magnus, 
snastomos< b by one branch with the external cir- 
cumflex, and by another with the external BOpe- 
rior articular. The*""/"/ anastomoses with the 

il circumflex, the Superior internal arti- 
cular, and the inferior external articular; and 
the third is distributed within the joint. 

articular arteries are two iu number : an 


internal end external. The former annstomoses 
with the internal superior articular and the ex- 
ternal inferior articular. The latter anastomoses 
with the recurrent branch of the anterior tibial, 
and the external superior articular. To each 
articular artery tin re is an articular /, 

i' are the cot.' | 
. by means of which the bones are arti- 

Ai:ti. ft. Alt P»0 

Akth'i \'i:ins of the knee follow the 
same course as the art. ■• 

ARTICULATED, Articula'tus, (F.) ArrieuU, 
same etymon as Articulation. Provided with, or 
united by. articulations : as an 'articulated 
ton.' See Skeleton, articulated; and Voioe, ar- 

ARTICULATIO, Articulation— a. Artificial'^, 
Pseudarthrosis — a. Notha, Pseudartbi 

ARTICULA'TION, Joint, Articula'tio, 
■ir' ulus, Junctu'ra, 
Con junc' tio, Nodus, < ■ 
Syntax' is, Har'mus, Vertic'ula, 1 ertic'ufa 
tic'ulmn, (F.) Articulation, Article. By I 

at and anatomists, 
restricted more particularly to a movable articu- 
lation. Same etymon. The union of bon< 
each other, as well as the kiud of union. 


Articulations are generally divided int 
thmees or movable articulations, aud Synar- 
throses or immovable. 

1. Amphiarthroeia 

•J. Diarthro.-is, orlicu- (Ennrthrosis. 

lar iii-iii.'. { Artbn .lia. 

3. Alternative or Ginglymus, which 

admits of varieties. 
1. Suture. 
■1. Harmony. 
3. Qompbosiiti 
[ 4. |3chindj 

The articulations are subject to a number of 
8, which are generally somewhat severe. 
These may be physical, as wounds, sprains, luxa- 
tions, <tc. : or they may be organic, as ankylosis, 
extraneous bodies, caries, rheumatism, gout, hy- 
drarthroses, arthro] 

AitTii t i.atiox means also the combination of 
letters which constitute words. See Voice. 

Articulation, 1 . Artic*- 

uhii fiil-xitn. (F.) A. fansse, A. accidentelle, A. 

. A.anormale, A false joint, formed 

d fragments of bone, that have remained 

ununited: or between a luxated bone and the 

surrounding parts. 


Pseu [arthrosis — </. < u Charniere, Ginglymus — a. 

-femoral articulation. 

AB PIC1 I.I DIG! rORUM .MAM S. Phalan- 

the linger- — a. Liigitoruui pedis, Phalanges 

of the • 

ARTH 11." MORT] 




iemispinalis colli. 

A l:in I LUS N0V1 s. Pseudarthrosis — a. 
Praeternaturalis, Pseudarthrosis — a. Spuriuf, 
Psendai tl i 

ARTIFK I \I„ Artiftcia'lis, A\) A\ 
from ors, artis, 'art.' and facere, 'to make.' 
That a hiefa is formed by art. 

Arttpii hi !.i i - are usually made of ennmo 1 , 
and re] rt of hollow bemis] here, a bicb 

is applied beneath the eyelids, when tl. 

Arttfii LAI Ti KTn are made of I 

Prices d*Anatomit Artificielles, are prepara- 
• i anatomy, modelled in wax, pit 
per, Ac. 



ARTISCOCCUS L^EVIS, Cynara scolymus. 

ARTIS'CUS, from apros, 'bread.' See Tro- 
chiscus. A troch of the shape of a small loaf. 
Also, and especially, a troch made of vipers. 

ARTOCARPUS. The Bread-fruit Tree, (F.) 
Jaqnier, from apros, 'bread,' and Kapnog, 'fruit.' 
A Polynesian tree, so called because the fruit, 
which is milky, and juicy, supplies the place of 
bread to the inhabitants. It grows to the height 
of 40 feet. 

Artocarpus Integrifolia, Caoutchouc. 

ARTOC'REAS, from aprog, 'bread,' and Kptag, 
'flesh.' A kind of nourishing food made of va- 
rious aliments boiled together. — Galen. 

ARTOG'ALA, from apros, 'bread,' and yaka, 
i milk.' An alimentary preparatiou of bread and 
milk. A poultice. 

ARTOM'ELI, from apros, 'bread/ and peAi, 
'honey.' A cataplasm of bread and honey. — 

ARTUS, Membrum. 

ARTYMA, Aroma, Condiment. 

ARUM, A. maculatum, and A. triphyllum — a. 
Americanum betae foliis, Dracontium foetidum. 

Arum Dracon'tium, Arisa'ma dracon'tium, 
Green Dragon; indigenous, has probably the 
same medical properties as A. triphyllum. 

Arum Dracun'culus, A. •polyphyl'lurn i Dra- 
cnn'culus polyphyl'lus, Colubri' na Dracon'tia, 
Erva de Saneta Maria, Giy'arns serpenta'ria, 
Serpenta' ria Gtdlo' rum. Family, Aracese. Sex. 
Syst. Monoecia Polyandria. The roots and leaves 
are very acrimonious. The plant resembles the 
„4. macula' turn in its properties. 

Arum Esculen'tum, Cala'dium esculen'tum, 
Taro, Kalo. The foliage and roots possess acrid 
qualities, which are dissipated by baking or boil- 
ing; in which form it is used as food by the 
people of Madeira, the Polynesians, <fec. 

Arum Macula'tum, Aron, Arum (of the older 
writers), A. vulga're, Cuckow Pint, (Prov.) Cocky- 
baby, Barba, Aaro'uis, Serpenta'ria minor, Zin'- 
yiber German'icum, Sacerdo'tis penis, Wake 
llobin, Priest's pintle, (F.) Gouet, Pied de Veau, 
Pied de lievre, Picotin, Giron, Amidomiiere. The 
fresh root is stimulant internally. Dose, ^j. of 
the dried root. Externally, it is very acrid. 
From the root of this Arum a starch is prepared, 
which is called Portland Island Sago, Gersa ser- 
penta' ri(B, Cerus'sa serpenta' rice, Fec'ida a.ri 

Arum, Three-Leaved, Arum triphyllum. 

Arum Triphyl'lum, Arisen' ma atrorubens, 
Three-leaved arum, (F.) Pied de Veau triphylle, 
Indian Turnip, Dragon Boot, Dragon Turnip, 
Pepper Turnip. This plant grows all over the 
United States, and is received into the Pharma- 
copoeia under the title Arum, The recent root, 
or Cormus— Arum, (Ph. U. S.) — is very acrimo- 
nious, and has been employed in asthma, croup, 
and hooping-cough. Boiled in lard, it has been 
used in tinea capitis, and in milk in consumption. 
Arum Virginicum, Peltandra Virginica — a. 
"Vulgare, A. maculatum — a. Water, Calla palus- 

ARUMARI, Caramata. 

ARUNDO BAMBOS, Bamboo — a. Brachii 
major, Ulna — a. Brachii minor, Radius — a. In- 
dlea, Sagittarium alexipharmacum — a. Major, 
Tibia — a;. Minor, Fibula — a. Saccharifera, see 
ARVA, Ava, 

ARVUM, Vulva — a. Naturae, Uterus. 
ARY-ARYTENOID.EUS, Arytenoidgeus — a. 
Epiglotticus, Arytamo-epiglotticus. 

ARYTvE'NA, apvrniva, ' a ladle.' Hence, 
epiglottidcB' 'us, Ary-epiglot'ticus. That which be- 
longs to the arytenoid cartilages and epiglottis. 

Winslow gives this name to small, fleshy fasci- 
culi, which are attached, at one extremity, to the 
arytenoid cartilages, and, by the other, to the free 
edge of the epiglottis. These fibres do not al- 
ways exist. They form part of the arytenoid 
muscle of modern anatomists. 

ARY'T'ENOID, Arytano'i'des, Aryteno'idce'us, 
from apvTcuva, 'a ladle,' and tidos, ' shape.' Ladle- 

Arytenoid Car'tilages, Cartilag"ine8 aryte- 
noi'des seu guttura'les seu gutturi'ncB seu gutturi- 
for'mes seu trig' uetrcs, Guttur'nia, are two carti- 
lages of the larynx, situate posteriorly above the 
cricoid, which, by approximation, diminish the 
aperture of the glottis. Their upper extremities 
or cornua are turned towards each other, and are 
now and then found loose, in the form of appen- 
dices, which are considered, by some, as distinct 
cartilages, and termed cuneiform or tuberculated 
Cartilages, Comic' ula Laryn'yis. 

Arytenoid Glands, Gland'ulce Arytenoids' <b, 
are small, glandular, whitish bodies, situate an- 
terior to the A. cartilages. They pour out a mu- 
cous fluid to lubricate the larynx. 

ARYTENOID^'US, (F.) Arytenoidien. A 
small muscle, which passes from one arytenoid 
cartilage to the other, by its contraction brings 
them together, and diminishes the aperture of 
the glottis. Winslow divided the muscle into 
three portions; — the Arytenoids' us transfer' sus, 
or Ary-arytenoidce' us, and two Arytenoids' i ob- 

ARYTHM, Aryth'mia, from a, privative, and 
pvO/jtoi, 'rhythm,' 'measure.' Irregularity. This 
word is applied chiefly to the pulse. 

ASA, Asafoetida. See Assa — a. Dulcis, Ben- 

ASAFCETI'DA, Assafas'tida (Ph. U. S.), Assa- 
fet'ida, Stercus diab'oli, Cibus Deo' rum, Asa, 
Devil's dung, Food of the Gods. A gum-resin — 
the concrete juice of Ferula Assafce'tida, JS'ar- 
thex Assafoetida. Order, Urnbelliferee. It is iu 
small masses of a whitish, reddish, and violet 
hue, adhering together. Taste bitter and suba- 
crid : smell insupportably alliaceous. The Asi- 
atics use it regularly as a condiment. 

Its medical properties are antispasmodic, sti- 
mulant, and anthelmintic. Dose, gr. v to xx, in 


AS'APES, Asep'ton, properly, not putrid, from 
a, privative, and aaitw, or on™, 'I corrupt.' A 
term applied by Hippocrates to the sputa, or to 
other matters evacuated, which do not give signs 
of coction. 

ASAPH'ATUM, from a, privative, and aacpris, 
'clear.' This term has been applied to collec- 
tions in the sebaceous follicles of the skin, which 
may be pressed out like little worms, with a black 
head. See Acne. 

ASAPHI'A, from a, privative, and ceteris, 
' clear.' Dyspho'nia immodula'ta palati'na, Pa- 
rapho'nia guttura'lis seu jialati'na. Defective 
articulation, dependent upon diseased palate. — 
Hippocrates, Vogel. 

ASARABACCA, Asarum— a. Broad-leaved, 
Asarum Canadense. 

ASAR'CON, from a, priv., and cap%, 'flesh.' 
Devoid of flesh. Aristotle uses the term for the 
head when it is but little fleshy, compared with 
the chest and abdomen. 

ASARET, Asarum — a. du Canada, Asarum 

ASARI'TES, from carapov, 'the asarum.' A 
diuretic wine, of which asarum was an ingredient. 
— Dioscorides. 

AS'ARUM, from a, privative, and aaiptiv, 'to 
adorn :' because not admitted into the ancient 
coronal wreaths [?], As' arum EurojHB'um seu 




ojfflcina'li, Narchu Mbnta'na sen RuaPica, AV- 

| . Atari I on Cohan t, Azarum < 
Oreille (Thomme, OreiVette, Girard-Roussin, Nard 
Sauvage. Order, Aristolochiacea), 

indria Monogynia. The plant, used in 
medicine, is the As'arum Europa)'um t Asarabac'- 

■ I of this the leaves. They are emetic, 
cathartic, and errhioe, but are hardly ever em- 

,. except for the last purpose. 

Aft ARUM CaHADEN'sI, A. < '<in>h'iii<i'ini»i, Oa- 
Inakeroot, Wild Ginger, Golf* Foot, 
leaf Asarabacea, Indian Ginger, Heart Snake- 
irei du Canada. The rout At 1 arum, 
I Ph. U. S.)j j< used as a substitute for ginger, and 
i< said to act as a warm stimulant and dia- 

Asaruv Cabolikiahuic, A. Canadense — a. 
Europseum, bos Asarum — a. Hypocistis, Cytinua 
hypocisti — a. Officinale, see Asarum. 

ASB1 UiL, see Ecsema of the hairy 


ASC AIN, MIN 1- 11 A 1. W AT E R S OF. A Boain 
is a village, situate about a league from St. Jean- 
i, in Fiance. The water is a cold chaly- 

LRDAMYC'TES, from a, privative, and 
CKapSafji'TTw, ' I twinkle the eyes.' One who stares 
with I without moving the eyelids. — 


nia anthelmintica. 


bricoides — c Vermicnlaire, Ascaris vcrmioularis. 

AS'CARIS, pL ASCAR'IDES, from awa^to, 

'I leap.' A genus of intestinal worms, charao- 

i by a long, cylindrical body, extenuated 

at the extremities : and having a mouth furnished 

wita three tubercnles, from which a very short 

tobe ia sometimes seen issuing. Formerly, there 

« ere reckoned two varieties of the Ascaris — the 

As'caris lumbricoVdea Ben gigaa hom'inia, Lum- 

i, L. teree hom'inia, Scolex, (F.) Lombri- 

ide lombricotde, Lotnbrie, or long 

round worm: and the Aa'caria Vermieula'ria 

— the Ascaria proper — the thread worm or mmo 

The former is alone included under 

;n-. at present — a new genus having been 

1 of the A. vermicularie, under the name 

Oxyuris. It is the Oxyu'ria sen Fusa'ria rar- 

aride, A. vermiculaire, Oxyure 

• ire. 

of entozoa has been found by 
Dr. Bellingham, the Aa'caria ala'ta. 

Ascaris Alata. Bee Ascaris — a. Qigas hominis, 
pee Ascaris — a. Lumbricoides, Bee Ascaris — a. 
Renalis, Btrongylua gigas — a. Trichuria, Tricho- 
cephalus — a. Vermicularia, see Ascaris — a. Vdsee- 
r a lis. Strongylus •_• 

A8'CELES, As'keles, Carene cru'ribns, from a, 
privative, and <tkc\os, 'a leg.' One who has no 

ELLA, \ villa. 
ASCEN'DENS, from aseendere, («d and acan- 
dere,) 'to ascend.' (F.) Ascendant. Parts are 
thus called, which are supposed to arise in a re- 
gion lower than that where they terminate. Thus, 
Aorta aacendene is the aorta from its origin to the 
arch: Vena cava aacendene, the large vein which 
carries the blood from tin; inferior parts to the 
heart: Obliqnus ascendent [mtiecle), the lessor 
oh!i<i'"> mnsclo of the abdomen, &c. 

ASCEN'SUS MORBL The period of increase 
of a disi 


ASCESI8, Exerciae. 

A8CHIL, Scilla. 

ASCHIST0DACTYLU8, 8yndae'tyl»», from 
a, privative, o^icro;, 'cleft/ and ( 'u\nXoj, 'a 

finger.' A monster whose finders are not sepa- 

aother. — Qnrlt 

AS'CIA an axe , Axini . . D I'abra, 

'$. Name of a bandage mentioned 

by the ancients, and figured by Scultetus, in tho 

shape of an axe or hatchet — Galen. See Uoloire. 

ASCILLA, Axilla. 

ASCITE, Ascites — «. Peritoniale, Ascites. 
ASCI'TES, from ugkos, 'a leathern sack, a 

large bellj :' 

Hydrops Abdom'inia sen Ascites, Hydrogas'ter, 

Hydroperi tone' urn, Hydrocoe'lia, Hydrt 'tru 

Calioch'ysis, Dropsy of tin lower belli/, 
Dropsy of the Peritone'um, | F. ) Ascite, A. j 
niale, Hydro-piritonie, Hydropish du Bas-ventre 
on du piritoine, A collection of serous fluid in 
the abdomen. Ascites proper is dropsy of tho 
peritoneum; and is characterised by inci 
Bize of the abdomen, by fluctuation and the gene- 
ral Bigns of dropsy. It is rarely a primary dis- 
ease; but is always dangerous, and but little sus- 
ceptible of cure. Most generally, it is owing to 
obstructed circulation in some of the viscera, or 
to excitement of the vessels of the abdominal 
The treatment is essentially the same 
as that of other dropsies. Paracentesis, when 
had recourse to, can only be regarded as a pal- 

Dropsy of the peritoneum may also be saccateel 
or in cysts, and occasionally the fluid accumulates 
exterior to the peritoneum. Hydrepigas'triuou 
When in cysts it is termed Hydroeye'tia, Hydrops 
abdom'inia sacca'tus sou cyv'ilcus and A 

Ascites IIepato-Cystictts, Turgescentia vesi- 
culae fellese — a. Ovarii, Hydrops ovarii — a. Puru- 
lentus, Pyoeoelia — a. Bacoatus, see Ascites, Hy- 
droarion, and Hydrops ovarii. 

ASCITIC, Aacificus, (F.) Ascitique. Relating 
or appertaining to, or affected with, ascites. 

ASCLEPI'ADiE, Asclepi'adea, from AokXtjttios, 
'JBscnlapius.' The priest physicians, who served 
in the ancient temples of JEsculapius, and who 
took their name from being his descendants. 

ASCLEPIADE, Asclepias vincetoxicum. 

ASCLEPIAS ALBA, A. vincetoxicum —a. 
Apocynum, A. Syriaoa — a. Asthmotica, Tylo- 
phora asthmatica — a. Cornuti, A. Syriaca — a. 
Crispa, Gomphocarpus orispus. 

Asclepias Cukassav'ica, Bastard Ipecacu- 
anha, Redhead, Bloodweed, The leaves are 
emetic in the dose of one or two scruples. It 
is the Ipecacuanha blunc of St. Domingo. ls Diet m'iu.ns: the root. Escharotic, 
cathartic, sudorific, diuretic. 

pia8, Flesh-coloured, A. Incarnate — 
a. Qigantea, Mudar. 

Ascle'pias Ltcarna'ta, A. pulchra, Flesh- 
coloured or ewanip asclepias or silktceed. The 
root of this plant, which grows in all parts of the 
United States, and is officinal in the Ph. 1. S., 
has the same virtues as A. Syriaca, and A. tube- 

Asclepias Obotata, A. Syriaca. 

Asclepias Proc"era [?], Beidelossar, Bex* 
debar. An Egyptian plant, the leaves of which 
are made into a plaster, and applied to indolent 
tumours. The milky juice is caustic, and is used 
as such. 

Asclepias Pseudobarsa, Hemidesmus Indi- 
ana — a. PubescenS, A. Syriaca — a. Puhdira. A. 

A- i.i pias Btriaca, A. ptubes'cmns Beuapoc"y- 
iii', ,i Ben obova'ta sen tomento'sa Ben Cornn'ti, 
Common Silkweed, Milk Weed, (V.) Herbe d la 
houette. 'I'll'* cortical part of the root, officinal 
in the Ph. U. B., has been given, In powder, in 




asthmatic and pulmonic affections in general, 
and, it is said, with success. 

Ascle'pias Suelivan'tii, Smooth Ifilkioeed, 
Silk weed: indigenous, possesses the same virtues 
as the next. 

Asclkpias Tomentosa, A. Syriaca. 
ASCLE'PIAS Tubero'sa, Butterfly Weed, Pleu- 
risy Root, Flux Root, Wind Root, Wind Weed, 
White Root, Orange Swallow Root, Silk Weed, 
Canada Root, Orange Apoc'ynum, Tuberous 
Booted Steal' low Wort. Said to have been first 
recommended by the Asclepiades. In Virginia 
and the Carolinas, the root of this plant — officinal 
in the Ph. U. S. — has been long celebrated as a 
remedy in pneumonic affections. It is sudo- 
rific, and the powder acts as a mild purgative. 
Its chief powers are said to be expectorant, dia- 
phoretic, and febrifuge. It is occasionally given 
to relieve pains of the stomach from flatulency 
and indigestion. 

Asclepias Vixcetox'icum, A. Alba, Cynan'- 
chum Vincetox'icum, Vinceto.r'icum, V. Officinale, 
Hirundlna'ria, Apoc"ynum Nova An'g/ice hirsu'- 
tum, etc., Swallow- Wort, White Swallow- Wort, 
(F.) Asclepiade, Dompte-venin. 

The root is said to be stimulant, diuretic, and 
emmenaw^ue, but is hardly ever used. 
ASCLEPIASMUS, Hgeniorrhois. 
ASCLITES, Ascites. 

ASCCKMA, from aaxos, 'a bottle.' The emi- 
nence of the pubes at the period of puberty in 
females. — Rufus of Ephesus. 
ASE. Anxiety. 
ASELLI. Onisci aselli. 
ASELLUS, Oniscus. 

ASE'MA CRISIS, kuhtis aorjua, from a, priva- 
tive, and ori^a, ' a sign.' A crisis occurring unex- 
pectedly and without the ordinary precursory 

ASEPTOX. Asapes. 

ASH. BITTER, Quassia — a. Blue, Fraxinus 
quadrangulata — a. Mountain, Sorbus acuparia 
— a. Mountain, American, Sorbus Americana 
— a. Prickly, Aralia spinosa, Xanthoxylum elava 
Herculis — a. Prickly, shrubby, Xanthoxylum 
fraxineum — a. Stinking, Ptelea trifoliata — a. 
Tree, Fraxinus excelsior — a. White, Fraxinus 

ASIALORRHOE'A, (F.) Asialorrhee, from a, 
priv., oia\av, 'saliva,' and peo>, 'to flow.' Diminu- 
tion in the flow of saliva. 

ASIMIXA TRILOBA, see Carica papaya. 
ASIT"IA, from a, privative, and airos, 'food.' 
Abstinence from food. Want of appetite, — Fas- 
tid'ium eibo'mm, Apoclei'sis. 
ASIUS LAPIS, Assius Lapis. 
ASJAGAX, As'jogam. An Indian tree, the 
juice of whose leaves, mixed with powdered 
cumin seeds, is employed in India in colic. 
ASJOGAM, Asjagan. 
ASKELES, Asceles. 
ASKER. Eschar. 
ASKITES, Ascites. 

ASO'DES, Asso'des, from aan, 'disgust,' 'sati- 
ety.' A fever accompanied with anxiety and 
nausea : Fe'bris aso'des vel azo'des. 

ASPALASO'MUS, from aairaXa^, 'a mole,' and 
cd)fj.a, 'a body.' A genus of monsters in which 
there is imperfect development of the eyes. — 
I. G. St. Hilaire. Also, a malformation, in which 
the fissure and eventration extend chiefly upon 
the lower part of the abdomen ; the urinary ap- 
paratus, genitals and rectum opening externally 
by three distinct orifices. — Vogel. 
ASPALTUM. Aspbaltum. 
ASPARAGIXE, see Asparagus. 
ASPAR'AGUS, Acnrapayos, Aspar'agus offici- 
nalis, Common Asparagus, Spar'agus, Sper'agus, 
Sparrow Grass, Grass, Sperage. Ord, Aspho- 

deleae. Sex. Syst. Hexandria Monogynia. As- 
par'agi officinalis Turio'nts, (F.) Asperge. The 
fresh roots are diuretic, perhaps owing to the im- 
mediate crystallizable principle, Asparagine, 
which is said to be sedative in the dose of a few 
grains. The young shoots are a well known and 
esteemed vegetable diet. They communicate a 
peculiar odour to the urine. A syrup made of 
the young shoots and an extract of the roots has 
been recommended as a sedative in heart affec- 

ASPA'SIA. A ball of wood soaked in an in- 
fusion of galls, and used by females for constring- 
ing the vagina. 

ASPEN, AMERICAN, Populus tremuloides— 
a. European, Populus tremula. 
ASPERGE. Asparagus. 

cedo. , , v 

ASPERITUDO, Trachoma. 
ASPERTTY, Asper'itas, roughness. Asperi- 
ties are inequalities on the surfaces of bones, 
which often serve for the insertion of fibrous 

ASPERMATIA. Aspermatismus. 
ASPERMATIS'MUS, Asper'mia, Aaperma'tia, 
from a, privative, and cnrepua, 'sperm.' Reflux 
of sperm from the urethra into the bladder, dur- 
ing the venereal orgasm. 

ASPERMIA, Aspermatismus. 
ASPERSIO, Catapasma, Fomentation. 
ASPER'SIOX, Asper'sio, from aspergere (ad 
and spargere), 'to sprinkle,' (F.) Arrosemeut. 
Act of sprinkling or pouring a liquid guttatim, 
over a wound, ulcer, &e. 

ASPERULA, Galium aparine. 
Asper'ulA Odora'ta, (diminutive of asper, 
'rough,' the seeds being rough), Ga'lium odora'- 
tum, Matrisyl'va, Hepat' ica stella'ta, (F.) Aspc- 
rule odorante ou Muguet des bois, Hepatiqne 
etoilee. Ord. Rubiacea?. Sex. Syst. Tetranuria 
Monogynia. Sweet-scented Woodroof. Said to 
be diuretic, deobstrueut, tonic, and vulnerary. 
ASPER CLE ODORANTE, Asperulaodorata. 
ASPHALTI'TES. Ncphri'tes, Nephri'tis, Pri- 
ma Vertebra lumba'ria, same etymon as asphal- 
tum. A name given by some to the last lumbar 
vertebra. — Gorra^us. 

ASPHAL'TUM. Nep'ta, Arsal'tos, Asphal'tum, 
from aaipaXifyiv, ' to strengthen,' being used as 
a cement. [?] With the Greeks, this word signi- 
fied any kind of bitumen. It is now restricted 
| chiefly to the Bitu'men of JeDjE'a, B. Juda'- 
\ ictim, A. sol'idum, Jews' Pitch, Karabe of Sodom, 
(F.) Asphalte, Bitume de Judee, Poix minerale 
scoriacee, Bitume de momie ou des funiraillea. It 
is solid, friable, vitreous, black, shining, inflam- 
mable, and of a fetid smell. An oil is obtained 
from it by distillation. It enters into the compo- 
sition of certain ointments and plasters. 

It is collected on the surface of the water of 
the Dead Sea or Lake Asphaltites, in Juda?a. 
ASPHARIXE. Galium aparine. 
ASPHOD'ELUS, Aat}>oh\os, A. Ramo'sus seu 
Alius sen Maris, Has' tula Regis, (F.) Lis osplnj- 
clele. The bulbs of this southern European 
plant have an acrimony which they lose in boil- 
ing water. They contain a fecula with which 
bread has been made, and have been considered 
diuretic. They have been used as a succedaueum 
for the squill. 

ASPHYCTOS, Pulseless. 

ASPIIYX'IA, from a, priv., ando-0t>£?, 'pulse.' 
Defec'tus Pulsus, Acrotis'mus, Sidera'tio, Sydera'- 
tio, (F.) Anhematosie. For a long time, Asphy- 
xia was confined to the sense of 'suspension of 
circulation or syncope;' Pulselessness. It now 




generally means tnepended animation, produced 
by the noneonversion of the venous blood of the 

■. Apnos- 
axphyr'iti, Ankmn t&umo-eardi'- 

Piorry. Owing to 
the supply of air being eut off, the unchanged 
venous blood of* the pulmonary artery passes into 
the minute radicles <>f the pnlmonary vein-, bat 
their peculiar excitability requiring arterial blood 
Its them, stagnation tab the pul- 

monary radicles, and death occurs chiefly from 
this cans.-. — not owing to venous blood being 
distributed through the system, and 'poisoning* 
of Bichat Oanu aephyx'ia, 
Hurt apparent, More pntatVva, Peeudothan'atoe, 
Apparent death, (P.) Mart apparente, is charac- 
terized by suspension of respiration, of tl 
i>ral functions, 4c Sereral varieties of Asphyxia 
have i ited. 

1. Asphtx'la or tiik Nkw-Borx, A. neonate' - 
rnm. This is often dependent upon the feeble 
condition of the infant, not permitting respiration 

I i\ BTNoxiona Tn-hala'tion, or in- 
halation of gases, some of which cause death by 
producing a .re of the glottis; 

athers by the want of oxygen; and others are 
■ly deleterious or poisonous. 

3. Asimiyx'ia BT StranGULA'tTOK, OT Suffoca'- 

produced by mechanical impediment to 
respiration, as in hanging. 

4. Asphtx'la nv Bcbubr'siow, A. by drown- 

reo'rum, Angiairhydrie (Piorry), as 
- in the drowned, who perish in consequence 
of the medium in which they are plunged, being 
unfit for respiration. See Submersion. 

Mr. Chevalier has used the term Aephyx'ia 
Tdiopath'iea, for fatal syncope owing to relaxa- 
tion of the heart. See Suffocation. 

vx'tv Immki'sorim. A. l.y submersion— 
ingrene — a. Neonatorum, A. of 
the new-born — a. Pestilenta: — see Cholera — a. 
Pestilential : — see Cholera. 

HVX'IAL. Aepkyx'ic Relating to as- 
• aephyrial phenomena.' 
• </<■* nouveau-nee, Induration of the cel- 
lular r • 

ASPHYX'IE D. Aepkjpfialed, Aepiyxia'hu, 

tymon. In a state of asphyxia. 
ASPIC, Aspis, Lavandula spica. 
ASP1 DISC* >S, Sphincter ani externum. 
ASPID'IUM A X II a M A N'T I C D M, from 
small shield.' diminutive of a<TTi f , 'a 
shield.' A South African fern, Ord. Fiiices, 
which is possessed of anthelmintic properties'. 
in the form of powder, infusion, or 
n found excellent in helmin- 
thiasis, and especially in tapeworm. 

!l " M Coriaobu*, Calagualas radix — a. 
turn, Polypodium GHz mas— a. Discolor, see 
lalse radix — a. Brosum, Polypodium filix 
tina, Asplenium filix faemina— 
lagoalss radix — a. Filix 
mas, Polypodium filix mas. 
ASPIRATIO. Inspiration. 
ASPIRATION, Adepira'tio, Aepira'tio, from 
aepirare [ad and epirare), 'to breathe.' The 
French sometimes use the term synonymously 
with inspiration. It also means theactof attract- 
racking like a pump. Imbibition. Also, 
the pronunciation of a rowel with a full It 

A8PIS, am* A nam- given by the ancients 
t i a venomous serpent— the JBgyptian i 
Lac€pi y dangerous, 

"" ll ir ■■ ii the reptile whioh 

Cleopatra used for her destruction. 

A.8PLE'NI1 M, Atpte'num, from a. prir., and 
9v\r}v, ' the spleen.' A},/. . nwort, Milt waste. 

AsPLBinun At/rbcw, A. eeteraeh. 

AbPLB'NIUM Cit'ki: \. it, A. <m'r,um sen lati- 
fo'linm, Qymnogram'mt eeteraeh, Doradil'la. 
Bleehnum tqnettno'ettm, Seolopen' dria, Athyr'ion, 
•ach qffieina'rum sen Oanarien'eie, Qrammi'- 
■ii./, sen ati'rea, Gymnop'terie eeteraeh, \'it- 
ta'ria eeteraeh, (P.) Uoradille. Ord. . 
Supposed to be subastringent and mucils 

and has been recommended as a pectoral. It has 

ten given in calculous i 
Asi-i.i:'mim Fii.ix Imk'mina, Potypo'dinm JUix 
I nolle sen denta'twm sen inei'eum sen 
tri/'idum, Aepidium filix /amino, Athyr'ium filix 
fosmina sen moUi seu ova'tum sen tri/'idum, Pte- 
rin palun'tris, Female fern, Spleentoort, i E 
ptre femtlle. The root of this plant resembles 
that of the male fern, and is said to | 
lar anthelmintic virtues. The name /emale fern 
is also given to Pteris aquilina. 

Asplenium Latifolilm, A. eeteraeh — a. Mu- 
rale, A. ruta — a. Obtusum, A. ruta muraria. 

Asii.k'.mim Ruta Mdra'ria, A. mura'li seu 
ohtn'sum, Paronychia, Phylli'tit ruta mura'ria, 
Seolopen' drium ruta mura'ria, Wallrue, White 
Maidenhair, Tenttoort, Adian'tum album, Ruta 
mura'ria, Sal'ria Vitce, (F.) Rue dee muraillee, 
Same-vie. Used in the same cases as the last. 

Abplb'hidk Scolopen'dkhm. Scolopendrium 
qffieina'rum seu lingua seu phylWtia seu vulga'- 
re, Seolopen 1 'dra, Seolopen' dria, J/art'S Tongue. 
Spleenwort, Phylli'tie, Lingua eervi'na, Bleehnum 
ligni/o'lium, (F.) Seolopendre, Langue de cer/. 
Properties like the last. 

AsPLK'nIOI TRICHOMAXOi'nF.S, A. Trichom'- 
anes, Phylli'tis rotundi/o'lia, CalyphyV lu\ 
chom'anee, T. crena'ta, Adian'tum rubrum, 
mon Maidenhair, Polyt'riehum commit' ne, (F.) 
Polytric. Properties like the last. 
AS PLENUM. Asplenium. 
ASPREDO, Trachoma — a. Miliacea, Miliary 

ASPR&LE, Hippuris vulgaris. 
ASPRITUDO, Trachoma. 
ASSABA. A Guinea shrub, whose leaves are 
considered capable of dispersing buboes. 
ASSACOU, Hura Brasilient 
ASSA DOUX, Benjamin — a. Dulcis, Benjamin 
— a. Odorata, Benjamin. 

LFETIDA, Asafostida, 
ASS IFCBTIDA, Asafoetida, 
ASSAIERET. A compound of bitter, stoma- 
chic, and purgative medicines in the form of pill. 
— Avioenna. 

ASSAINISSEMENT (F.), from ad, 'to,' 
and tanare, 'to make healthy.' The act of ren- 
dering healthy, as by the draining of marshes, 
the disinfection of the air. <tc. 

A8SAIS0NNEMENT, Condiment. 

ASSAKUR, Saocharnm. 

ASS \L A. see Mvristica moschata. 

ARTHROSIS, Articulation. 
ASSA'TIO, OpU'tit. The boiling of food or 
medicines in their own juice, without the addi- 
tion of any liquid. Various kinds of cooking by 
heat. — Galen. 
ASSELLA, Axilla. 

A preparation of opium, 
- me narcotic, used by the Turks as an 

ERCULUM, Splint 

A 3SERVATION, Conservation. 

ASSES' .MILK, see Milk, i 

AssfM 1 Milk, Artificial, see .Milk, asses'. 

AS'Sl DENS, fr-.m „,/, * to,* and tedere, ' to he 
seated.' That which accompanies or is concomi- 
tant. An epithet applied to the accessory symp- 
toms, Aeeiden'tia *i<jna, and general phenomena 
of dist 

ASSIDENTIA SIGN A, see Assidens. 




ASSIM'ILABLE, Aasimilab'ilis. Same ety- 
mon as Assimilation. That which is susceptible 
of assimilation. 

ASS [MMLATING-, Asmm'ilatory, Assimilato'- 
rius,(F.)As*imilateur. Same etymon as the next. 
That winch effects assimilation, as an assimilating 
or assimilatory organ. 

propria'tio, Exomoio'sis, Homoio'sis, Threpeis, 
Threp'tice; from assimilare, (ad and similare,) 
'to render similar.' The act by which living 
bodies appropriate and transform into their own 
substance matters with which they may be placed 
in contact. The reverse action — that of separa- 
ting and eliminating matters already assimilated, 
in the act of nutrition — is termed, by the French, 

ASSIS, Asserac. 

AS'SIUS LAPIS, A'sius Lapis. A -sort of 
stone or earth, found near the town of Assa in 
the Troad, which had the property of destroying 
proud flesh. 


ASSODES. Asodes. 

ASSOUPISSANT, Somniferous. 


ASSOURON, see Myrtus Pimenta. 


ASSULA, Splint. 

ASSU-LTUS, Attack. 

ASSUMPTIO, Prehension. 

Cancrorum chela?. 


ASTAKILLOS, Araneum ulcus. 

ASTARZOF. An ointment, composed of li- 
tharge, frog's spawn, Ac. Also, camphor, dis- 
solved in rose water. — Paracelsus. 

ASTASIA, Dysphoria. 

ASTER ATT1CUS. Bubonium. 

Astku Cordifouus, Heart-leaved Aster, A. 
Punic'ets, Rough-stemmed Aster, and other 
indigenous species, Order Conipositae, possess 
aromatic properties. 

Aster Dysentericus, Inula dysenterica — a. 
Heart-leaved, A. cordifolius — a. Helenium, Inula 
Helenium — a. Inguinalis, Eryngium campestre — 
■ — a. Officinalis, Inula Helenium — a. Rough- 
stemmed, A. Puniceus — a. Tortifolius, Serieocar- 
pus tortifolius — a. Undulatus, Inula dysenterica. 

ASTE'RIA GEMMA, Aste'rius, Astroi'tes, As'- 
trios, Astrob'uhts. The ancients attributed ima- 
ginary virtues to this stone, — that of dispersing 
jS'ceri Materni, for example. 

ASTERIAS LUTEA, Gentiana lutea. 

ASTER'XIA, from a, privative, and onpvov, 
'the sternum.' A monstrosity, in which there is 
absence of the sternum. 


ASTHENES, Infirm. 

ASTHENI'A, Vis imminu'ta, from a, priv., 
and (x&evos, 'force/ 'strength.' Want of strength, 
debility. (F.) Affaiblissement. Infirmity. A 
word used in this sense by Galen, and employed, 
especially by Brown, to designate debility of the 
whole economy, or diminution of the vital forces. 
He distinguished it into direct and indirect: the 
former proceeding from diminution of stimuli; 
the latter from exhaustion of incitability by the 
abuse of stimuli. 

Asthenia Deglutitioxis, Pharyngoplegia — a. 
Pectoralis. Angina Pectoris. 

ASTHEX'IC, A-sthen'icns, (F.) Asthenique. 
Same etymon as the last. Relating or belonging 
to asthenia. 

ASTHENTCOPYRA, Fever, adynamic. 

ASTHEXICOPYRETUS, Fever, adynamic. 

ASTHENIQUE, Asthenic. 

ASTHEXO'PIA, held' has seu Hebetu'do vi- 
sas, (F.) Affaiblissement de la Vuc, from a, priv., 
odevos, ' strength,' and wi£, 'the eye.' Weakness 
of sight : Weak-sightedness. 

ASTHENOPYRA, Fever, adynamic, Typhus. 

ASTHENOPYRETUS, Fever, adynamic. 

ASTHMA, from aodpa, 'laborious breathing;' 
from aw, 'I respire.' A. spas' ticum adnlto'rum 
seu bronchia' le seu senio'rum seu convulsi'vum seu 
j spas'ticnm intermit' feus, Spas' mus bronchia' lis, 
Dyspnoe'a et orthopnea couvulsi'va, Malum Ca- 
1 du'cum pulmo'num, Broken-windedness, Nervous 
asthma, (F.) Asthme, A. nerveux. Ditficulty of 
breathing, recurring at intervals, accompanied 
with a wheezing sound and sense of constriction 
in the chest; cough and expectoration. 

Asthma is a chronic disease, and not curable with 
facility. Excitant and narcotic antispasmodics 
are required. 

There are no pathognomonic physical signs of 
asthma. In some cases, the respiration is uni- 
versally puerile during the attack. In the spas- 
modic form, the respiratory murmur is very feeble 
or absent during the fit; and in all forms percus- 
sion elicits a clear pulmonary sound. The disease 
generally consists in some source of irritation, and 
occasionally, perhaps, in paralysis of the pn eu- 
ro ogas trie nerves, BronchoparaV ysis, Paral'ysis 
nervi vagi in parte thorac" ica, more frequently 
of the former — all the phenomena indicating 
constriction of the smaller bronchial ramifica- 
tions. The treatment is one that relieves spasmo- 
dic action — narcotics, counter-irritants, change 
of air, &g. 

Asthma Aco'tum, of Millar, A. spas'ticnm in- 
fan'tum, Cynan'che Trachea' lis spasmod' ica, (F.) 
Asthme aigu. Probably, spasmodic croup [?]. 
See Asthma Thymicum. 

Asthma Aerium, Pneumothorax — a. Aerium 
ab Emphysemate Pulmonum, Emphysema of the 
Lungs — a. Arthriticum, Angina Pectoris — a. 
Bronchiale, Asthma. 

Asthma, Car'diac, (F.) Dyspnee ou Asthme 
Cardiaque, Dyspnoea dependent upon disease of 
the heart. 

Asthma Coxvulsivum, Angina pectoris — a. 
! Diaphragmaticum, Angina Pectoris — a. Dolo- 
rificum, Angina pectoris — a. Emphysematicum, 

Asthma, Grinders', Grinders' Rot. The ag- 
gregate of functional phenomena, induced by the 
inhalation of particles thrown off during the ope- 
ration of grinding metallic instruments, &c. The 
structural changes induced are enlargement of 
the bronchial tubes, expansion of the pulmonary 
tissue, and phthisis. 

Asthma Gypseum, A. pulverulentum — a. Hay, 
Fever, hay. 

Asthma Hu'midum, Humid, Common, or Spit- 
ting asthma, is when the disease is accompanied 
with expectoration. It is also called A. humo- 
ra'le, A. flatulen'tum, A. pneumon'icum, L'lenno- 
tho'rax cliron'icus, &c. 

Asthma Infantum, Cynanche trachealis — a. 
Infantum Spasmodicum, A. Thymicum — a. Kop- 
pian, A. Thymicum — a. Laryngeum Infantum, 
A. Thymicum — a. Montanum, A. pulverulentum 
— a. Nervous, Asthma — a. Nocturnum, Incubus. 

Asthma Pulverulen'tum, A. gyp'seum, A. 
monta'num. The variety of asthma to which 
millers, bakers, grinders, and others are subject. 

Asthma Siccum, so called when the paroxysm 
is sudden, violent, and of short duration; cough 
slight, and expectoration scanty; spasmodic con- 

Asthma Spastico-Arthriticum Ixcoxstaxs, 
Angina pectoris — a. Spasticum Infantum, A. 




T. Kop'pii, Asthma 
ifan'tnm spasmo'dicum 
t-u intermittens infan'- 


irttlll (Kit' tit III, 

Asthma Thv'micch. A 

in in fit n't ii in seu i 
8CU I'tii/ii'/p'iiin infnn'tttin s 

a <i> utii -n't in m sou 
Thymasth'ma, Cynan'chi true nd'ica 

w glot'tidis, Koppian Asthma, Thymic 
mi vti i<l' it fit.*, Laryngo-spas- 
i infan'tnm, S/i-isiit of thr larynx or 
r}l.,tti*. Crouprlike inspiration of infants, 
crowing. Spasmodic croup, Pseudo-croup, Spu'ri- 
ons nr Cer'ebral croup, Phreno-glot'tism, Suffo- 
cating nervous catarrh, (V.) Laryngite striduleuse, 
i lo-croup in t if>- In 

tin Thorax. A disease of infants, cha- 
racterised by suspension of respiration at inter- 
vals ; great difficulty of breathing, especially on 
waking, swallowing, or crying; ending often in 
a lit of suffocation, with convulsions. The patbo- 
the disease ha s boon supposed to consist 
in an enlargement of the thymus gland, or of 
the glands of the neck pressing on the pnenmo- 
gastric nerve;: ['.'}. The ear. by auscultation, at 
a distance from the chest, detects an incomplete, 
acute, bissing inspiration, or rather oryj whilst 
ration and voire are oroupal, both at the 
I termination of the paroxysm. The 
heart's action has been observed to be distinct 
and feeble. 

These symptoms are often accompanied by 
rigidity of the fingers and toes ; the thumb being 
tly drawn forcibly into the palm of the 
clenched hand, whence the name Carpo-pedal 
. applied, at times, to the dis< 
MA TTPICOTf. Asthma characterized by I 

Asthma Uteri, Hysteria — a. Weed, Lobelia' 

[MAT'IC, Atthmaficus, Pnoocolyt'icva, \ 
thmatique. Affected with asthma. Rela- 
ting to asthma. 
ASTHME AIGU, Asthma acutum— a. Cardi- 
Utbma, cardiac — nr. Nerveux, Asthma. 
[G'MATISM, Astigmatism' us, from a. pri- 
vative, and anyua. aTiyftaroi, "a point.' A Btate 
of irregular refraction in the eye. in which the 
r ' brought to one focus, but converge 

at different distances, so as to form two linear 
i it right angles to each other. 

OMUS, from a, privative, and gtojiu, 'a 
BBOUth.' One without a mouth. 

Pliny speaks of a people in India without mouths, 
who live mill' iiitn 1 1 <wi 

TRAGALE COL l>\ Colluin astragali. 
galus exscapus. 

EtAG'AHJS, Talus, the Ankle, Qua' trio, 

Quar'tio, Quater'nio, Diab'ebos, Peza, Cavic'ula, 

Cavil' la, Tetro'ros, As'trion, 0% Ballist'a seu 

./?, from aerrpayaXog, 'a die,' which it has 

been considered to resemble [?]. A short bone, 

situate at the superior and middle part of the 

where it la articulated with the tibia. It 

is the onkl< bone, sling bone, or first /><>iie of the 

fun!. The anterior surface Is convex, and has a 

well-marked prominence, supported by a kind of 

■ 11 called the head of the 

lus. The astragalus Is developed by two 

points of ossification. 

A1b» bra of the neck. 

Abtrag'alus Bx'si ipus, AstragaloVdes sy- 
plili'' - 9f ilk-vetch, (F.) Astragals d 

' . I. | 
delphia Decandria. The root is said to have 
mfirmed syphilis. 

A81 : -'.' LLUB TH IGAC LHTH1 - ICanth. 

\<:'\u s Vsans, Spina hirci, Astrag'alus 
thorn, Milk-vetch. Th< 
which affords Gum Trag'acanth. See Traga- 


ASTRANTIA, Imperatoria — a. Diapensia, Sa- 

ASTRA BE, Corusca'tio, Vulgar, Fulmen, 
Lightning, Galen reckons it amongst the re- 
cuses of epil 

A81 RI< riON, ic'tio, 

CoHStric'tio, from astringere, [ad and strimgere,) 
• to eonstringe.' Action of an astringent sub- 

stance on the animal economy. 
ASTB [CTOB I A, Astringents. 
ASTRINGENT ROOT, Ooraptonia aepleni- 


ASTRIN'GENTS, Astringen'tia, Adstncto'ria, 
Adstringen'tia, Stryphna, Cutastal'tica, Conttrin- 
gen'tia, Contrahen'tia, Stegno'tica, Syncrit'iea, 
Astricto'ria. Same etymon. Medicines which 
have the property of eonstringing the 
textures. External astringents are called Styp- 

The following are the chief astringent! 
diiin Bulphurioum, A. Tannicum, Alumen, Ar- 
genti Nitras, Catechu. Creasoton, Cupri Sulpha.-, 
Tinet. Ferri Cbloridi, Liquor Perri Nitratis, 
Perri Sulphas, Gallm, Hssmatoxylon, Kino, Kra- 
meria, Liquor Calcis, Plumbi Acetas, Quercus 
Alba, Quercus Tinctoria, Zinci Sulphas. 

ASTRION, Astragalus. 

ASTRIOS, Asteria gemma. 

AS'TROBLES, from hot^ov, 'a star.' and/?a»w, 
'I strike.' One struck by the Btars, ridera'tus.) 
One who is in a state of sideration — in an apo- 
plectic state. — Gorrseus. 

ASTROBLESIA, A.-trobolismus. 

ASTROBOLIA, Astrobolismus. 

ASTROBOLIS'MUS, Astrobol'ia, Astrol ' f t ' -, 
II, li'asis, Helio'eis. Same etymology. Sidera'- 
tion, or action of the stars on a person. Apo- 
plexy. — Theophrastus, Gorrseus, 

ASTROBOLOS, Asteria gemma. 

ASTROITIS, Asteria gemma. 

ASTROLOGER, see Astronomy. 

ASTROL'OGY, Astrolog"ia, from aarpov, f a 

star,' and \oyog, 'a discourse.' The art of divi- 

| ning by inspecting the stars. Tiiis was formerly 

| considered to be a part of medicine: and was 

called Judicial Avtrolotji/, to distinguish it from 


ASTROX'O^I Y, Astronom'ia, from acrfjov, 'a 
star, and vofxos, 'a law,' 'rule.' A science which 
makes known the heavenly phenomena, and the 
laws that govern them. Hippocrates places tins 
and astrology amongst the necessary studies of 
a physician. In the earlier English writers, 
Astronomer is often used in the sense of Astro- 

AS YSTOLTE, from a, privative, and avaro'Xrj, 
'systole. A name given by M. Beau to a period, 
in diseases of the heart, in which the systole is 
incomplete : or, at hast, is insufficient to free the 
ventricles from the blood in them. 

ASTRUTHIUM, Imperatoria. 

ASTYPHIA, Impotence. 

A8TYSIA, Impotence. 

ASUAR, Myrobalanus Indica. 

AS1 LCI, I. apis lazuli. 

ASYNODIA, Impotence. 

ATACTOS, Erratic. 

ATAB \<'T IPOIE'SIA, AtaractopSe'sia^ from 

a, privative, rapasrot, 'troubled,' and wotuv, ' to 

make.' Intrepidity, firmness; a quality of which, 

according to Hippocrates, the physician ought to 

in the high< 

ATARAX'IA, from n. privative, and raoa£<v, 
'trouble.' 'emotion.' Moral tranquillity, peace 
of mind. 

AT'AVISM, Atavism' us, from atavus, 'an old 

grandsire or ancestor indefinitely.' The case in 

u which an anomaly or disease, existing in a family, 




is lost in one generation and reappears in the 

ATAX'IA, from a, privative, and ra^ig, 'order.' 
Disorder, irregularity. Hippocrates employs the 
word in its most extensive acceptation. Galen 
applies it, especially, to irregularity of pulse; 
and Sydenham speaks of Ataxia Spiritmua for 
disorder of the nervous system. Ataxia, now, 
usually means the state of disorder that charac- 
terizes nervous fevers, and the nervous condition. 

Ataxia Spirituum, Nervous diathesis. See 

ATAX'IC, Atax'icus ; same etymon. Having 
the characters of ataxia. 

ATCHAR, A'chia, Achar. A condiment used 
in India. It is formed of green fruits of various 
kinds — garlic, ginger, mustard, and pimento — 
pickled in vinegar. 

ATECNIA, Sterilitas. 

ATELECTASIS, Atelectasis, from ars\ vs , 
'imperfect,' 'defective,' and zktciois, 'dilatation.' 
Imperfect expansion or dilatation ; as in 

Atelec'tasis Pulmo'num, Pneumonatelec'ta- 
sis, Pneumatclec'tasis. Imperfect expansion of 
the lungs at birth, giving rise to Cyano'sis pul- 
mona'lis. A similar condition is observed in 
lungs which have received air, and in a distinctly 
1 ibnlar form. This is regarded by Dr. W. T. 
(xairdner as, in all probability, a secondary le- 
sion, and dependent, in the majority of instances, 
on a catarrhal condition of the bronchial tubes. 
It is called, by him, pulmonary collapse, or col- 
lapse of the lung, and has received the name 
apnenmoto' 'sis from Fuchs. 

AT'ELES, aTsXtjg, 'imperfect,' 'defective.' 

ATEL'IA, (F.) Atelie. A monstrosity in which 
there is a want of some members. 

ATELOCHEI'LIA, from arcUg, 'imperfect,' 
and x^Aos, 'lip.' A malformation which consists 
in an imperfect development of the lip. 

ATELOENCEPHAL'IA, from ar^ns, 'imper- 
fect,' and tyKt(pa\ov, 'the encephalon.' State of 
imperfect development of the brain. — Andral. 

ATELOGLOS'SIA, from areXqs. 'imperfect,' 
and yXwaaa, 'tongue.' A malformation which 
consists in an imperfect development of the 

ATELOGNA'THIA, from areXijs, 'imperfect,' 
and yvados, 'the jaw.' A malformation which 
consists in an imperfect development of the jaw. 

ATELOMYEL'IA, from art\r,g, 'imperfect,' 
and nvtXus, 'marrow.' State of imperfect deve- 
lopment of the spinal marrow. — Beelard. 

ATELOPROSO'PIA, from areXns, 'imperfect,' 
and 7rpoCTW77ov, 'the face.' A malformation which 
consists in imperfect development of the face. 

ATELORACHIDIA, Hydrorachis. 

A T E L S T M ' I A, from areXi??, 'imperfect/ 
and croixa, 'mouth.' One whose mouth is im- 
perfectly developed. 

ATER SUCCUS, Atrabilis. 

ATHAMAN'TA, from Athamas, a place in 
Thessaly. A genus of plants. 

Athamanta Annua, A. Cretensis. 

Athaman'ta Aureoseli'num, Oreoseli'nnm, 
0. legit' imum sen nigrum, Seli'num oreoseli'nnm, 
Peuced'anum oreoseli'nnm, Apium monta'num, 
Black Mountain Parsley, (F.) Persil de 3Ion- 
tagne ; Orel. Umbelliferae. The plant, seed, and 
roots, are aromatic. It has been considered 
attenuant, aperient, deobstruent, and lithontriptic. 
The distilled oil has been used in toothache. 

Athaman'ta Creten'sis seu Cre'tica, A. an'- 
iiua, Libano'tis annua seu Creten'sis seu hirsu'ta, 
Daucus Creticus seu Candid' nun, Jfyrrhis an'nua, 
Candy Carrot. The seeds of this plant are acrid 

and aromatic. They have been used as carmina- 
tives and diuretics. 

Athamanta Macedonica, Bubon Macedoni- 
cum — a. Meum, _<Ethusa meum. 

ATHAXASIA, Tanacetura. 

Athana'sia, from a, privative, and Savaros, 
'death.' An antidote for diseases of the liver, 
jaundice, gravel, <fec. It consisted of satfron, 
cinnamon, lavender, cassia, myrrh, juncus odo- 
ratus, honey, &c, and was esteemed to be sudo- 

ATHARA. Athera. 

ATHELAS'MUS, from a, privative, and 0,7X17, 
'a breast or nipple.' Impracticability of giving 
suck; from want of nipple or otherwise. 

ATHELXIS, Sucking. 

ATHE'NA. Name of a plaster, recommended 
by Asclepiades, and composed of oxide of copper, 
sublimed oxide of zinc, sal ammoniac, verdigris, 
gall nuts, and a variety of resinous and other in- 
gredients. — Oribasius, Aetius, and P. iEgineta. 

composed of myrrh, pepper, castor, and opium; 
used to allay coughing.-— Celsus. 

ATHE'RA, Atha'ra, from aOnp, 'an ear of 
corn.' A kind of pap for children ; also, a kind 
of liniment. — Dioscorides, Pliny. 


ATHERO'MA, from a$rjpa, 'pap or pulp,' Em- 
phy'ma encys'tis uthero'ma, Molina' cum, Pulta'tio. 
A tumour formed by a cyst containing mattei 
like pap or Bouillie, or plaster. 

ATHEROMATOUS, Atheromato'des. Having 
the nature of Atheroma. 

ATHLE'TA, from a$\os, 'combat.' Athlete, 
(F.) Athlete. Athletae were men who exercised 
themselves in combat at the public festivals. — 

ATHLET'IC, Athlet'icus, (F.) AthUtiqm ; con- 
cerning Athletce. Strong in muscular powers. — ■ 

ATHOL PORRIDGE, see Mahogany. 

ATHORACOCEPHALUS, Acephalogaster. 

ATHRIX, At'richus, Calvus, (F.) Chaave ; 
from a, privative, and Qpil;, rpi^oj, 'hair.' Bald, 
(Sc.) Beld, Bellit. One who has lost his hair. 

Athrix Depilis, Alopecia. 

ATHYM'IA, An'imi defcc'tus et anxi'etas sell 
demis'sio, Tristit"ia, Masror, Lype, from a, priv., 
and $vnos, 'heart,' 'courage.' Despondency. The 
prostration of spirits often observable in the sick. 
— Hippocrates. Melancholy. — Swediaur. See 

Athvmia Pleonectica, see Pleonectica. 

ATHYRIOX, Asplenium ceterach. 

filix foemina — a. Filix mas, Polypodium filix mas 
— a. Molle, Asplenium filix foemina — a. Ovatum, 
Asplenium filix foemina — a. Trifidum, Asplenium 
filix foemina. 

ATLAXTAD, see Atlantal. 

ATLAN'TAL; same etymon as Atlas. Rela- 
ting or appertaining to the atlas. 

Atlantal Aspect. An aspect towards the 
region where the atlas is situated. — -Barclay. 
Atlantad is used by the same writer to signify 
'towards the atlantal aspect.' 

Atlantal Extremities. The upper limbs. 


ATLAS, Atlan'tion, Astrag'alus, from arXao), 
' I sustain.' The first cervical vcr'tebra ; so 
called from its supporting the whole weight of 
the head, as Atlas is said to have supported the 
globe on his shoulders. Chaussier calls it At- 
lo'ide. This vertebra in no respect resembles the 
others. It is a kind of irregular ring, into which, 
anteriorly, the processus dentatus of the second 
vertebra is received. Posteriorly, it gives pas- 
sage to the medulla spinalis. 




ATLODID'YMUS «*, (T.) At' 

fr 'Mi Atlas, 'the first bone of the neck*' and 

cu'vpo^, -;i twin.' A monster which is simple 
nil double above. M. [aid. Geoftroy 

Saint-IIilaiie applies this term to a monster, 
which bas a single body, with two distinct heads 
supported on one neck. 
LOlDB, A' 

ITLOI D'O-AXOID, (F.) Atlordo-aroidien. 
Relating to both the Atlas ami the Axis 
tebra Dentata. 

iioo-AXOin ARTicrLATrov. The articula- 
ti ui between tin- tir>t two cervical vertebras. 

Atloido-axoid Lio'avbxts. These are two 
in number; one anterior and another posterior, 
passing between the two vertebras. 

ATLOID'O-OCCIPTTAL. Relating to the 
atlas and occiput The Atloido-oecip'ital Arti- 
cnla'tion is formed by the condyles of the oeci- 
pital hone and the superior articular snrt . 

pital muscle is the 
• •us minor. 

r OCuli — a, Soiis-uccijjitdlc, Rectus capitis 

ATMI LTRI'A, Atmidiat'rice, from arpos, 'va- 
p uir,' and tarpeta, 'treatment.' Treatment of 
• by fumigation. 

ATMrDI ^TRICE, Atmiatria. 

ATMISTERION, Vaporarium. 

ATM >>S. Breath. 

AT'MOSPHERE, Atmotpha'ra, from untos, 
'vapoc.r.' and trQaipa, 'a sphere;' — as it were, 
{pours. The atmosphere is a sphe- 
rioal mass of air. surrounding the earth in every 
part : the height of which is estimated at 15 or 
16 leagues. It presses on the surface of the 
earth, and this pressure ha-, necessarily, sensible 
on organized bodies. The surface of the 
human body being reckoned at 15 square feet, it 
is computed that a pressure of 33,000 pounds or 
more exists under ordinary circumstances; and 
this pressure cannot he increased or diminished 
materially, without modifying the circulation and 
all the function-;. 


ATOC1 \. Steriiitas. 

ATOL'MIA, from a, priv., and roXpa, 'confi- 
dence.' Want of confidence; discouragement. 
A state of mind unfavorable to health, and in- 
jurious in disease. It is the antithesis of Eu- 

ATOMY. Skeleton. 

ATONIA. Atony — a. Ventriculi, Gasterasthe- 

AT'ONTC Aton'icuM, (P.) Atoniqut. Wanting 
tone. Same etymon a- tin' next. Also, a modi- 
cine capable of allaying organic excitement or 
irritation. — Schwilgue. 

Ad"' 'XV. Aton'ia, Infir'mittu ei Remit' tie r!'- 
ritim. Languor, Lax'itcu, from a, priv., and rovus, 
•force.' Want of tone. Weak i 

every organ, ami particularly of fchoee that ate 
eon 'rac tile. Violent gastritis bas been described 
by Beribonius LargUS under a similar name. 
Arui">r, Afnii'iii. 

AIT, LBIL'IARY, AtrabiViovt, AtrabUia'n'x, 
AtrabiHo'ene, (P.) Atrabilaire, Atrabileux, from 
■ lack.' and bt'lia, 'bile.' An epithet given 
ancients to the melancholic and hypo- 
chondriac, because they believed the Atrabilis 
to predominate in such. 

An: wm.i utv CAPStTLES, ArtTKttiK^ and Vkivs. 
Th<- renal 08 psnles, arteries and veins; the for- 
mation of Atrabilis having been attributed to 

ATRABI'LIS, same etymon. Afer mirrvn. 
Black Bile or melancholy, (F.) Atrabilc. Ac- 

cording to the ancients, a thick, black, acrid 
humour, secrete!, in the opinion of some, by tho 
pancreas: in that of others, by the Mima renal 

capsules. Hippocrates, Galen. Aetius, and .others, 
ascribe great influence to the Atrabilis in the 

production of hypochondriasis, melancholy, and 
mania. There is really no such humour. It 
was an imaginary creation. — Aretssus, Rufua of 
Ephesus, &o. 
ATRACHB'LOCEPH'ALUS, from a, priv., 

rpa^riXoi. 'nee!;,' and Kt$a\n, 'head.' A m< niter 

whose neck is partially or wholly deficient. 

All; LCHE'LUS. Same etymon. One who is 
very short-necked. — Galen. 

pi'neiu, Ixi'n?, Qummy -rooted Atraetylia, Pi is 
Tkittle. Ord. Compositse. The root, when 
wounded, yields a milky, viscid juice, which 
concretes into tenacious masses, and is .-aid to 
be chewed with the same views as mastich. 

ATRAC KM:. Clematis vitalba. 

ATRAMEN'TUM, A. Snto'rium, Tnk, Chcdcan'- 
thion, (F.) Em-re. It has been advised as an as- 
tringent, and as an external application in her- 
petic affections. 

AtrahBNTUN SuTOUIUM", Fcrri sulplias. 

ATRE'SIA, (P.) Atr&rie, Adherence, Imperfo- 
ration. Same etymon as Atretus. See .Monster. 

Atrb'sta Am Adn.v'ta, Amu Tmperfora'hn, 
Fmperfora'tio am', Atretocys' la, (F.j Imperfora- 
ti'mi <li- I'lduif. Congenital imperforation of the 
intestinal canal. 

ATRETELYTRTA, Colpatresia. 

ATRETrSMUS, Imperforation. 

ATRETOCEPH'ALUS, from arpvros, 'imper- 
forate,' and Ktipa\rj, 'head.' A monster, in which 
some of the natural apertures of the head are 
wanting. — Gurlt. 

ATRETOCOR'MUS, from arp ; ro?, 'imperfo- 
rate, and kophos, 'trunk.' A monster in which 
the natural apertures of the trunk are wanting. — 

ATRETOCYSTA. Atresia ani. 

ATRETOMETRIA, llvsteratresia. 

ATRETOPSIA, Coreclisis. 

ATRETOSTOM'IA. from arpr,^, 'imperfo- 
rate,' and cropa, 'mouth.' Imperforation of the 

ATRETURE'TIIRIA, from arpvros. 'imperfo- 
rate,' and ovpr)df.a, 'urethra.' Imperforation of 
the urethra. 

ATRE'TUS, from a, priv., and rpaoy, 'I per- 
forate.' Imperforaftua, Imperforate. One whoso 
anus, or parts of generation, are imperforate 

ATRIA, Auricles of the heart — a. Mortis, seo 

AT'RICES. Small tumours, which appear oc- 
casionally around the anus. Some commentators 
consider the word to be synonymous with con- 
dylomata. — Forestus. 

ATRICHIA, Alopecia — a. Adnata, see Alope- 
cia — a. Senilis, see Alopecia. 

ATRICHUS, Athrix. 

AT'RICI. Small sinuses in the vicinity of tho 
anus, not penetrating the rectum. 

ATRIO-VENTRICUL VR. Auriculo-ventrieu- 

ATRIPLEX P(ETIDA,Chenopodiumvulvaria. 

AtRTPLBX BoRTBN / 8I8, A. Sati'vn, (F.) Ar- 
roche, Bonne Dame, Follette. Ord, Cbenopodia- 
ce;c. The herb and seed of this plant have been 
exhibited as antiscorbutics. 

Afriplex nl'imue, A. PortvlacoVdt "■. and A. 
Pnt'iilit. are used as pickles, and have similar 

AtRIPLVX IjACINIATA, A. patula— a. Mexicans, 

Ohenopodium ambrosoidei -a. Odorata, cie no- 
podium botrys — a. Olida, Chcnupodium vulvaria. 




Atkiplex Pat'ula, A. lacinia'ta seu Pur- 
thia'na, Spreading Orache; indigenous; Family, 
Ghenopodiaceee. The expressed juice is said to 
be cathartic. It has been used, in place of gam- 
boge, in dropsy and asthma. 

Atkiplex Purshiana, A. patula. 

eordis — a. Cordis sinistrum, Sinus pulmonalis — 
a. Vaginae, Vestibulum. 

AT'ROPA, from Arpojrof, 'immutable,' 'the 
goddess of destiny;' so called from its fatal 

Atropa BellADOn'nA, Belladon'na, B. bac- 
cif'era seu trichot'oma, Deadly Nightshade, Com- 
mon Dwale, (Sc.) Mekilwort, Sofa' nit m letha'le 
seu horten'se nigrum, Sola'num mani'aeum seu 
furio'sum. seu melanocer' anus, (F.) Belladone, 
Morelle furien-se, Belle Dame. Ord. Solanaceae. 
Sex. Syst. Tetrandria Monogynia. The leaves — 
Belladonna (Ph. U. S.) — are powerfully narcotic, 
and also diaphoretic, and diuretic. They are 
occasionally used where narcotics are indicated. 
Sprinkling the powdered leaves over cancerous 
sores has been found to allay the pain ; and the 
leaves form a good poultice. Dose, gr. J to gr. j 
of the powdered leaves. 

Atropa Man'drag'ora, Mandrag'ora, M. ver- 
na'lis seu officinalis seu acau'lis, Circa'a, Anthro- 
pomorph'us, Malum terres'tre. Mandrake, The 
boiled root has been used in the form of poultice 
to indolent swellings. 

ATROPHIA, Atrophy, Tabes — a. Ablactato- 
rum, Brash, weaning — a. Cerebri, Phrenatrophia 
— a. Cordis, Heart, atrophy of the — a. Glandula- 
ris, Tabes mesenterica — a. Hepatis, Hepatatro- 
phia — a. Infantum, Psedatrophia, Tabes mesen- 
terica — a. Intestinorum, Enteratrophia. 

Atrophia. Lactan'tium, Tabes nutri'enm seu 
lac'tea. The atrophy of nursing women. 

Atrophia Lienis, Splenatrophia — a. Mesen- 
terica, Tabes mesenterica— a. Testiculi, Orchida- 
trophia — a. Unguium, Onychatrophia. 

A TPOPHIE, Atrophy— a. Mesenterique, Tabes 

SI YE, Paralysie musculaire atrophiqne, Atrophie 
m it sen la ire primitive ou idiopathique ou avec 
transformation graisseuse. A rare malady, in 
which the muscles become so greatly atrophied 
that they cannot perform their functions. 

ATROPHIED, see Atrophy. 

AT'ROPHY, Maras'mus Atro'pTiia, Atro'phia 
Maras'mnS, Marau'sis, Ma'cies, Gontabescen'tia, 
Tabes, Marco'res, A>ialo'sis, from a, privative, 
and rpo<i>ri, 'nourishment.' (F. ) Atrophie, I)es- 
sechement. Defective nutrition, Hypotrophy. Pro- 
gressive and morbid diminution in the bulk of 
the whole body or of a part. Atrophy is gene- 
rally symptomatic. Any tissue or organ thus 
affected is said to be at'rophied. 

Atrophy of the Heart, see Heart, atrophy 
of the. 

ATROPIA, Atropine — a. Sulphate of, Atropia? 

ATROP'LE SULPHAS, Sulphate of Atrop'ia 
(Ph. L.). Formed by dissolving atropia in dilute 
sulphuric acid; evaporating, and crystallizing. 
Virtues, the same as those of Atropia. 

ATROPINE, Atropi'na, Atrop'ia, Atrnp'iym, 
Atropi'nitm, liellitdon' nin, (F.) Atropine. The 
active principle of Atropa Belladonna, separated 
by Brandes, by a process similar to that for pro- 
curing morphia. A single drop of a solution, of 
one grain in f^i^ °f distilled water with a 
few drops of acetic acid, applied to the inner 
surface of the lower eyelid, causes dilatation of 
the pupil, in fifteen or twenty minutes. A grain 
to a drachm of lard is an application in neu- 

ATTACHE, Insertion. 

ATTACK, Tnsul'tus, Assul'tus, Irrep'tio, Tnra'- 
8i'o, E is' bole, Lepsis, (Prov.) Take, (F.) Attaqve. 
A sudden attack, invasion or onset of a disease. 
A seizure. One attacked or affected with severe 
disease is often said, in the United States, to be 
"taken down," or to be "down" with it. 

ATT A GAS, Attagen. 

AT'TAGEN, At'tagas, the Fran'colin. Cele- 
brated with the ancients both as food and medi- 
cine. — Martial, Aristophanes. 

A mineral water in France, at Attancourt, in 
Champagne ; about three leagues north of Join- 
ville. The water is a chalybeate, and contains 
sulphate of lime. In large doses it is purgative. 

ATTAQUE, Attack — a. des Nerfs, Nervous 

ATTAR OF ROSES, see Rosa centifolia. 

ATTELLE, Splint. 

in Bavaria. The water contains carbonic acid, 
carbonates of lime and soda, sulphates of lime 
and magnesia, chloride of sodium, iron and alum. 
It is much used in skin diseases, fistula, old ul- 
cers, calculi, and hemorrhoids. 

ATTEX'UANTS, Attenuan'tia, Leptun'tica, 
(F.) Attennants, Leptontiques, from tennis, 'thin.' 
Medicines which augment the fluidity of the 

ATTENUA'TION, Attenua'tio ; same etymon. 
Thinness, emaciation. A term used by the ho- 
moeopathists, in the sense of dilution or division 
of remedies into infinitesimal doses. 

ATT/RANT, Attrahent, 

ATTITUDE, Situs Cor'poris. Low Latin, 
aptitudo ; from Latin apt are, 'to fit.' Situation, 
position of the body. The attitudes are the dif- 
ferent postures which man is capable of assum- 
ing. In General Pathology, the attitude will 
often enable the physician to pronounce at once 
upon the character of a disease, or it will aid him 
materially in his judgment. In St. Vitus's dance, 
in fractures, luxations, &c, it is the great index. 
It will also indicate the degree of nervous or 
cerebral power; hence sinking down in bed is 
an evidence of great cerebral debility in fever. 
The position of a patient during an operation is 
also an interesting subject of attention to the 

ATTOL'LENS AUREM, A. Auric'idas, Lcra'- 
tor Ann's, Stipe' rior Anris, Attol'lens Auric' ttlam, 
Auricula' ris supe'rior, (F.) Attricultiire superienr, 
Temporo-auricitlaire. A muscle of the ear, which 
arises, thin, broad, and tendinous, from the 
I tendon of the occipito-fron talis, and is inserted 
| into the upper part of the ear, opposite to the 
anti-helix. It raises the ear. 

Attollexs Oculi, Rectus superior oculi — a. 
Oculum, Rectus superior oculi. 

A TTOUCHEMENT, Masturbation. 

sion, force of. 

ATTRACTIVUM, see Magnet. 

ATTRACTIVUS. Attrahent. 



ATTRAHENT, At'trahens, Attract! 1 ens. At- 
tracto'rius, from ad, v to,' and traho, 'I draw.' 
(F.) Attractif, Attiraut. Remedies are so called, 
which attract fluids to the parts to which they 
are applied, as blisters, rubefacients, &c. 

ATTRAPE-LOURDAUT (F.). A bistoury 
invented by a French surgeon, called Biennalse, 
j and used in the operation for hernia. See Bis- 
touri cache. 

ATTRITA. Chafing. 

ATTRITIO. Attrition. Chafing. 

ATTRITION, AttrV'tio, Ecthlim'ma, from 



A U R A X T I U M 

ad, and trrcre, 'to bruise.' Friction or br 

eardialgia. — 
Senoertus. Likewise, a violent contusion. 
ATTEITUS, Chafing. 

ATYF'IC, Atyp'iem, Afypoe, (F.) Atypique, 
. privative, and mwos, 'type.' Thai which 
type. Irregular. Chiefly applied to an 
irregular intermittent) — Febrie atyp'ien, 
ATYPOS, Kit;. tic. 

AUAN'TE, from avnratg. ' d- 

tlon.' Eippocrates gave this name to a disease, 
the principal symptom ofwhioh was emaciation. 

A I BE- VIONE, Clematis vitalba. 

M I'.El'l.Xi:. Mespilua oxyacantha. 
Al BEHGINE, Solanom Melongena. 
AUBIFOIN, Centaurea eyanns, Cyanus sege- 

AUCHEN, folium. 

UIEUMA. Torticollis. 
S, from <ir,Y'/i'. 'the neck.' One 
affected with stiff neck or torticollis. 
11. MM S, Autumn. 
AUDE, Voice. 

dinao U Bituate in the department of Arriege, 
1 .The water contains a Bmall quantity 

of sulphohy dric acid, carbonic acid, sulphates of 
lime and magnesia, carbonates of lime and iron, 
and a bituminous substance. Temp. G7° Fahr. 
lr is mneh used in chronic rheumatism, herpes, 
scrofulous diseases, Ac 
At' J > /'/ 'IF. Auditory. 

AUDIT"I0N, from audire, aiidituni.'tohenr ;' 
Audit"io, Audi'tun, A'coe, Aeoi'*ia, Aeu't 
i >■ ■. Hearing. The act of hearing. The sen- 
sation arising from an impression made on the 
auditory nerves by the vibrations of the air. pro- 
duced by a sonorous body. The physiology of 
Audition is obscure. It probably takes place: — 
1. By the vibrations being communicated from 
the membrana tympani along the chain of small 
to the membrane of the foramen ovale. 
- of the air in the cavity of the tym- 
panum, the membrane of the foramen rotundum 
3. The transmission may be made 
by means of the bony parietes. In these three 
ways the vibrations produced by a sonorous body 
may reach the auditory nerve. Audition may be 
benoe the difference between 
g and simply hearing. 
AU'DITORY, Auditu'rius, Avditi'vne, Awh'- 
I'., Audit if. That which relates to audi- 

Auditory Artbmeb and Yi::ns, are vessels 
Which enter the auditory canals, and are. like 
them,, di.-tinguished into internal and external. 
] tternal auditory artery, A. Tympanique— 

D oil' by the styloid, a branch of the 
external carotid: the internal is a branch of the 
basilar; artery, which accompanies the auditory 
tributed to it. The Auditory 
empty into the internal and external ju- 

Auditor* Cakal, External, Men' tne audita' - 
ter'nue, Atvea'rium, Scapha, Seaphue, \'.' 
Conduit auditif externe, Com', tit anriculaire, 
aces at the bottom of tin' concha, at the 
For a' men audit i'vnm externum, passes inwards, 
forwards, and a little downwards, and terminates 
ai tin- membrana tympani. It is partly cartila- 

!!.-. and partly fibrous. 

; . Is 1 1 rn \i.. .)/< a'tus audito'. 

■I< t'ltiot, PortU sell SinUS <" iis'tirui, ('//or, 

mduit auditif interne, C. labyrinthique, is 
situate on the posterior surface of the pars pe- 

• the temporal bone. From the Fora'men 
auditi'vum inter' num. where it commences, it 

forwards and outwards, and terminates 
by a kind of cui-de-eac, mae'ula erihro'ett, perfo- 
rated by many lode.-, one of which is the oritico 
of the Aquae ductus Fallopii ; and the others com- 

munieate with the labyrinth. 

A i i. emu audito' riut sea 

labyrinthique — (Ch.), is the Portia 

Mollis of , ;h pair. li ail OS from the 

corpus restiforme, from the floor of the fourth 

ventricle, and bj means af white stria' from the 
Bides of the calamus BCriptoriue. A.- it leaves the 
eneephalon, it tonus a Hath ned cord, and pjo- 

ith the facial nerve through the f! 
auditivum internum, and as tar as the botl 
the meatus, where it .separates from the facial, 
and divides into two branches, one going to the 
cochlea, the cochlear; the other to the vestibule 
and semi-circular canal.-, the vestibular. 

AUCE, Al'veu*. Some of the older anatomists 
gave this name to a reservoir, into which liquids 
tiow in an interrupted manner, so that it is alter- 
nately full and empty. Such are the ventricles 
and auricles of the heart. 

AUGGERE, Intermittent Fever. 

AUGMENTATION, from auger*, anctum, 'to 
increase;' Augmen'tum, fneremen'tum, Anab'aeie, 
Auc'tio, Auatis, Progree'eio, Progree'eu*, . 

. I Augment. The stage of a disease in 
which the symptoms go on increasing. 

AULISCUS, Canula. See Fistula. 

AULOS, Canula, Fiitula. See Vagina, and 

male is a town of Upper Normandy, in the coun- 
try of Caux. Several springs of ferruginous 
mineral waters are found there, whose odour is 
penetrating, and taste rough and astri 
They are tonic, and employed in debility of the 
viscera, <kc 

AUMURE, Parietaria, 

AUNE NOIRE, Rhamnus frangula. 

AUNEE, Inula helenium — ". Dytevtiriqne, 
Inula dysenterica — «. Officinale, Inula helenium. 

AURA, PnoS. A vapour or emanation from 
any body, surrounding it like an atmos 
Van Belmont regarded the vital princij 
gas and volatile spirit, which he called Aura 

In Pathology, Aura means the sensation of a 
light vapour, which, in some diseases, appears 
to set out from the trunk or limbs: and to rise 
towards the head. This feeling has been found 
to precede attacks of epilepsy and hysteria, and 
hence it has been called Aura Epilep'tica, and 

A. hi) ntcr' int. 

ACRA EPILEPTICA, see Aura — n. Hysterica, see 

\i ra Sak'gutnt8. The odour exhaled by blood 
newly drawn. See Gaz Sanguinis. 

AURA Sem'ikis, A. aemina'lie, Spir'itua geni- 
ta'lie: — A volatile principle fancied to exist in 
rm, and i igarded by some as the fecun- 
dating agent. Such is not the case. 

Aura Vi pa lis, Vital principle. 


AURANCUM, see Ovum. 

AURA SITE, see Agaric 

All; \.\TI A CURASSAVEtf'TIA, A. r„ra*- 
sm/ica, Curaeeo'a apple* ><r orangee. Immature 
oranges, ehcck.-d, by aocideot, in their growth. 
They are a grateful, aromatic bitter, devoid of 

acidity. Infused in wi ,r brandy they make a 

gOO I Btomaohie. Tiny are also used for issue 
jjcix. See Citrus aurantium. 

AURANTI3 CORTEX, see Citrus aurantium 
— a. I'loris Aqna, see Citrus aurantium. 

A I RANTIUM, Citrus aurantium. 




AUREOLA. Areola. 

NATRII, see Gokl — a. Chloricluui, Gold, muriate 
of — a. Chloretum, Gold, muriate of — a. Cyanidum, 
see Gold — a. Cyanuretum, see Gold — a. Iodidum, 
see Gold — a. Iodr.retum, see Gold — a. et Natri 
chlora return, see Gold — a. Marias, Gold, muriate 
of — a. Nitro-murias. see Gold — a. Oxidnm, see 
Gold — a. Terchloridum, see Gold — a. Tercyani- 
dum, see Gold — a. Teroxidum, see Gold. 


AURICLE, Auric'ula, (F.) Auricule, Oricule. 
Diminutive of nun's, an ear. The pavilion of 
the ear. See Pavilion. 

Auricles of the Heart, Auric'ulcE, A'tria, 
Cavita'tes innomina'tce, (F.) Oreillettcs, are two 
cavities, one right, the other left, each communi- 
cating with the ventricle of its side. These two 
cavities receive the blood from every part of the 
body. Into the right auricle, the two venae cavae 
and coronary vein open : into the left, the four 
pulmonary veins. Chaussier calls the former the 
Sinus of the VencB Cava 1 .: — the latter, the Sinus 
of the Pulmonary Veins. The foliated or dog's 
ear portion of each auricle is called Appen'dix 
auric' uIcb. See Sinus. 

Auricula Jud.e, Peziza auricula — a. Muris, 
Hieracium Pilosella — a. Muris major, Hieracium 

A URICULAIRE, Auricular, see Digitus — a. 
Posterieur, Retrahens auris — a.Superieur, Attol- 
lens aurem. 

AURICULAR, Auricula'ria, Oric'vlar, (F.) 
Anricnlaire, from auricula, 'the ear.' That 
which belongs to the ear, especially to the ex- 
ternal ear. 


laires — (Ch.), are divided into anterior and pos- 
terior. The anterior are of indeterminate num- 
ber. They arise from the temporal artery, and 
are distributed to the meatus auditorius externus, 
and to the pavilion of the ear. The posterior 
auricular is given off by the external carotid, 
from which it separates in the substance of the 
parotid gland. When it reaches the inferior part 
of the pavilion of the ear it bifurcates; one of its 
branches being distributed to the inner surface 
of the pavilion, the other passing over the mas- 
toid process, and being distributed to the tempo- 
ral and posterior auris muscles, &c. Before its 
bifurcation it gives off the stylo-mastoid artery. 
The Anterior and Posterior Auricular Veins open 
into the temporal and external jugular. 

Auricular Finger, (F.) Doiyt aurieuktire, is 
the little finger, so called because, owing to its 
size, it can be more readily introduced into the 
meatus auditorius. 

Auricular Nerves are several. 1. The au- 
ricular branch, Zygomato-auricular, is one of 
the ascending branches of the cervical plexus. 
It ramifies and spreads over the two surfaces of 
the pavilion. 2. The auricular or superficial 
temporal, Temporal-cutaneous — (Ch.), is given off 
from the inferior maxillary. It ascends between 
the condyle of the jaw and the meatus auditorius 
externus, sends numerous filaments to the meatus 
and pavilion, and divides into two twigs, which 
accompany the branches of the temporal artery, 
and are distributed to the integuments of the 
head. There is also a posterior auricular fur- 
nished bv the facial. 

AURICULARIA SAMBUCI, Peziza auricula. 

— a. Superior, Attollens aurem. 

AURWCLE. Auricle, Pavilion of the ear. 

tric'ular, A'trio-ventricula' ris, Auric' ulo-ventri- 

cula'ri8, (F.)Auriculo-ventriculaire. That which 
belongs to the auricles and ventricles of the heart. 

I The communications between the auricles and 
ventricles are so called. The Tricuspid and Jli- 

', tral Valves are auriculo-ventricular valves. 

AURI'GA. A species of bandage for the ribs, 
described by Galen. See, also, Liver. 

AURIGO, Icterus — a. Neophytorum, Icterus 

AURIPIGMENTUM, Orpiment— a. Rubrum, 

AURIS. Ear. 


AURISCOP'IUM. Au'riscojje, from auris, 'the 
ear,' and oKonew, 'I view.' An instrument for 
exploring the ear. 

AURIST, Otia'ter, Otia'trus, Par-doctor, Ear- 
surgeon; from auris, 'the ear.' One who occu- 
pies himself chiefly with the diseases of the ear 
and their treatment. 

AURIUaI FLUCTUATIO, Bombus — a. Mar- 
morata, Cerumen — a. Sibilus, Bombus — a. Soni- 
tus, Bombus — a. Sordes, Cerumen — a. Susurrus, 

A UROXE, Artemisia abrotanum — a. des 
Champs, Artemisia campestris — a. des Jardins, 
Artemisia abrotanum — a. Male, Artemisia abro- 

AURUGO, Icterus. 

AURUM, Gold — a. Chloratum, Gold, mu- 
riate of — a. Chloratum natronatum, see Gold — a. 
Foliatum, Gold leaf — a. in Libellis, Gold leaf — a. 
Leprosum, Antimonium — a. Limatum, see Gold 
— a. Muriaticum, see Gold — a. Muriaticum natro- 
natum, see Gold. 

Aurum MCSI'VUV, Aurum J/osa'icum, Sulph'- 
uret of Tin, Deutosulphuret or Persuljjhuret of 
tin. (Quicksilver, tin, sulphur, sal ammoniac, 
aa, equal parts. The tin being first melted, the 
quicksilver is poured into it, and then the whole 
are ground together, and sublimed in a bolthead. 
The aurum musivum lies at the bottom.) It is 
used in some empirical preparations. 

Auruji Oxydatum, see Gold — a. Oxydulatum 
| muriaticum, Gold, muriate of — a. Nitro-muriati- 
; cum, see Gold — a. Salitum, Gold, muriate of. 

AUS'CULTATE, from auscultare, 'to listen.' 
| To practise auscultation. 'To auscult' is at times 
j used with the same signification. 

AUSCULTATION, Ausculta'tio, Echos'cope, 
I act of listening. Buisson has used it synony- 
! mously with listening. Laennec introduced aus- 
cultation to appreciate the different sounds which 
can be heard in the chest, and in the diagnosis 
j of diseases of the heart, lungs, &c. This may 
i be done by the aid of an instrument called a ste- 
I thoscope, one extremity of which is applied to the 
ear, the other to the chest of the patient. This 
j mode of examination is called Mediate Ausculta- 
tion, (F.) Auscultation mediate, — the application 
of the ear to the chest being immediate ausculta- 

The act of exploring the chest is called Stetho- 

II scop'ia, and Thoracoscop'ia ; of the abdomen, 
. Abdominoscop'ia. 

AUSCULTATORY, Auscultato'rius ; Axis' cul- 
\\ tory, Auscul'tic, (with some.) Belonging or hav- 
| ing relation to auscultation. 

Auscultatory Percussion, see Acouophonia. 

AUSTERE', Auste'rus. Substances which pro- 
duce a high degree of acerb impression on the 
organs of taste. 

If CSTR UCHE, Imperatoria. 

AUTALGIA DOLOROSA, Neuralgia, facial, 
Pleurodynia — a. Pruriginosa, Itching — a. Vertigo, 

AUTARCI'A, from avros, 'himself,' and apictu), 
'I am satisfied.' Moral tranquillity. — Galen. 

AUTEMESTA, from avros, 'self,' and t/uo-ij, 




' vomiting.' Spontaneous or idiopathic vomiting. 

AUTEMPRESMUS, Combustion, human. 

AUTHE'MERON. A medioine which cures 
on the day of its exhibition j from avros, 'the 
Btme, 1 and '>>/<cpa, ' day. 1 

AUTHY61 ^NSIS, Via medicatrix natnrm. 
. I m HIR, An/nc/ii'riii, SuieCda, from uutoj, 
'himself,' and \uo. 'hand. One who lias com- 
mitted suicide. A self-murderer or suicide. 
POCHIRIA, Suicide. 

AUTOCINE'SIS, Mohu volunta'rrut, from 
'self,' and niveau, 'motion.' Voluntary 

A I'TOC'R A S Y, Autoerati'a, Autoerato'ria, 
from avros, 'himself,' and Kfatros, ' strength.' Iu- 
dependent force. Action of the vital principle, 
or of the instinctive powers, towards the preser- 
vation of the individual. See Vis Medicatrix 
Naturae. Also, the vital principle. 

AUTOCRATIA, Autocrasy, Vis Medicatrix 

Al'TOCRATORIA, Autocrasy— a. Physiatrice, 
Vis medicatrix natures. 


AUTOG"ENOUS, from ovtos, 'self/ and ytv- 
NW, ' I generate.' A term applied by Mr. Owen 
to parts or elements that are usually developed 
from distinct and independent centres; as in the 
case of the different parts or elements that form 
a vertebra. 

AUTOGONIA, Generation, equivocal. 

AUTOLITHOT'OMUS, from eeroy, 'himself,' 
Xc3oj, "a stone.' and repvetv, 'to cut.' One who 
operates upon himself for the stone. 

AUTOMATIC, Automafieus, Autom'atus, (F.) 
Automatique, from avrofiaroi, ' spontaneous.' That 
which acts of itself. Those movements are called 
automatic which are executed without volition : — 
involuntary motions, motua automat' id seu an- 
tom'ati sen involunta'rii. 

AUTOMNAL, Autumnal. 

AUTONOM'IA, Vis medica'trix natu'ra. The 
word Autonomic is occasionally employed by the 
French and Germans for the peculiar mechanism 
of an organized body. Thus, although indivi- 
duals of the same species may differ in outward 
conformation, their mechanism or instinctive 
lutonamia) may be the same. 

AUTONYCTORATIA, Somnambulism. 

AUTOPEP'SIA, from avroi, 'self/ and irtrru), 
'I concoct.' Self-digestion, — as of the stomach 
after death. 

AUTOPHIA, Autopsia, 

Al' rOPrPONY, Amtopho'nia, (F '.) Autnjyhome, 
Retentissement antophonique, from avroi, 'self/ 
and (f>(j)vfi, 'voice.' An auscultatory sign pointed 
out by M. Hourmann, which consists in noting 
the character of the observer's own voice, while 
he speaks with his head placed close to the pa- 
tient's sheet The voice, it is alleged, will be 
modified by the condition of the subjacent organs. 
The resonance, thus heard, he terms retentisee- 
1,11 nt autophoniqtte. This diagnostic agency Dr. 
R. G. Latham proposes to term, heautophon' tea. 


AUTOPHOSPpORUS, Phosphorus. 

AUTOPLASTIC. Autoplaa'ticm, from auro?, 
'self/ and tXeoruos, * formative.' Relating to 
an topi as ty or plastic sur 

AUTOPLASTICE, Morioplastice. 

AUTOPLA8TY, Morioplastice. 

AUTOP'SIA, Au'topau, from avros, 'himself/ 
anil o^<(, 'vision.' Autoph'ia, Autoscop'ia. In- 
spection; examination by one's self; Belf-inspec- 
tion. Often improperly used for the following: 

AUTOP'SIA Cadaveh'ica, i I". i Autopgie on Ou- 
tttrture cadavirique. Attentive examination after 
death, — Examination pout mortem, Sectio Vadav' - 

errs, Dissection, Xcc'roscojn/. Xn', 

"inj/ in, Necrop'tia, Necrop'rit, — pi 

the purpose of investigating the onuses and >e.a 

of an affection of which a person may have 
died, ifec. 

Al lor'SIA CADAVEn'lCA LkOa'i.IS, S.<'tio SOU 

Obdue'tio lega'li*, is the examination alter death 
for medico-legs] purposes. 

Al TOPYROS, Svncomistos. 

AUTOSCOPIA, Autopsia, 

AU'TOSITE, from avros, 'self/ and oitos, 
'nourishment.' A single monster, capable of 

deriving nourishment from its own proper or- 
gans, in contradistinction to Omphalosite. 
AUTOTHERAPIA, Vis medicatrix natune. 
AUTUMN, Autum'nue, Anctum'nv*, from au- 
ge re, auction, 'to increase' [?j, Phthiropu'ron, (F.) 
Automne. One of the seasons of the year, betw een 
the 23d of September and the 21st of December. 
In all climates, the Autumn or Fall is liable to 
di.-ease : a combination of local and atmospheric 
causes being then present, favourable to its pro- 

A I TUM'NAL, Autumn a' lit, (F.) AutomnaL 
Relating to Autumn; as Autumnal Fruit*, Au- 
tumnal Fevers, &c. 

Autumnal Petbb generally assumes a bilious 
aspect. Those of the intermittent kind are much 
more obstinate than when they appear in the 

AUXESIS, Augmentation, Increase. 

AUXIL'IARY, Anxilia'ria, from auo, 
'aid.' (F.) Auxiliaire. That which assists, or 
from which assistance is obtained. 

Arxn.iARY Medicine is one which assists the 
principal medicine or basis. It is synonymous 
with Adjuvant. 

Auxiliary Muscles are those which concur 
in the same movement. Some anatomists have 
applied the term to several ligament.-, as well as 
to the fleshy fibres, which hang from the aacro- 
spinalis muscle. 

AUXILIUM, Juvans, Medicament. 

AUXIS, Augmentation, Increase. 

AVA, Arva, Kara. An intoxicating riareotic 
drink, made by chewing the Piper metbistioum. 
It is much used by the Polynesians. 

AVA I L LPS, WATERS OF. A small village 
in France. 13 leagues S. S. E. of Poitiers, nt 
which there is a cold saline chalybeate. It 
contains chlorides of sodium and calcium, sul- 
phate and subcarbonate of soda, in> 

AVANT-BOUCHE (F.), Oa anti'cum. This 
name has been applied by some to the mouth, 
properly SO called — in contradistinction to the 
Arriin: bouche or Pharynx. 

A VANT-BRAS, Fore-arm. 

.1 VANT-GCEUR, Scrobieulus cordis. 

AVANT-QOUT (F.), Pragutta'tio. A fore- 
taste : prsegustation. 

AVANT-MAIN (F.), Adver'sa Manut. The 
inside of the hand, when extended. 

A VANT-PIED (F.). The most advanced part 
of the foot. 

.1 VART-POIQNET (F.). The anterior part 
of the wrist. 

A VELINE, Corylus avellana, (nut.) 

AVELLANA, Corylus avellana — a. Cathartics, 
Jatropha ourcas. 

AVE'NA, Bromoa, Oats, (Prow, North of Eng- 
land) Aits. The seeds of Ave'nn sati'm. 
QraminesB. Sex. Syat. Triandria Digynia. (F.) 
Af',iii>-. Oats are ased BS food for man n 

parts, particularly in the North of England and 
Scotland. When deprived of the busks, 
form Croats. Reduced to meal — Arena Fari'na, 
Oatmeal, (Ph. U. S.) — they are applied as cata- 
plasms to promote suppuration. The dry meal 
is sprinkled over erysipelatous parts. 




Oatmeal gruel, Water gruel, is prepared as fol- 
lows : — Take of oatmeal, ~jij : soft water, Oiss. 
Rub the meal in a basin, with the back of a spoon, 
in a moderate quantity of the water, pouring off 
the fluid after the grosser particles have subsided, 
but whilst the mUkiness continues; and repeat 
the operation until no more milkiness is commu- 
nicated to the water. Put the washings in a pan, 
after having stirred them well, in order to sus- 
pend any fecula which may have subsided; and 
boil until a. soft, thick mucilage is formed. 

It is a good demulcent, and is used also as a 
vehicle for clysters. 

Avena Excorticata, Groats. 

AVENiE FARINA, see Avena. 

Avenheim is three leagues from Strasburg: near 
it is an aperient mineral water. 

Avennes is a village in the department of He- 
rault, in France : near it is a saline spring, the 
temperature of which rises to 84° Fahrenheit. 

AVENS, COMMON, Geum urbanum— a. Pur- 
ple, Geum rivale — a. Water, Geum rivale — a. 
White, Geum Virginianum — a. Yellow, Geum 

AVERICH, Sulphur. 

AVERRHO'A BILIWBT, Bit im'bi, Bilimbing 
teres. Ord. Oxalideas : called after Averrhoes. 
An Indian tree, which has a fruit that is too acid 
to be eaten alone. It is used as a condiment, 
and in the form of syrup as a refrigerant. 

Averrho'a Caraji'bola, Malum Coen'se, Pru- 
ftttin stella' turn, Tam'ara, Conga, Caram'bolo. 
An Indian tree, whose fruits are agreeably acid. 
The bark, bruised, is employed as a cataplasm, 
and its fruit is used as a refrigerant in bilious 
fever and dysentery. 

AVER'SION, Aver'sio, Apot'rope, from aver- 
tere, (a and vertere,) 'to turn from.' Extreme 
repugnance for anything whatever. 

A VERSION (F.) also means, in therapeutics, 
the action of medicines which turn the afflux of 
fluids from one organ, and direct them toothers; 
being synonymous with counter-irritation, or 
rather, revulsion or derivation. 

AVERTIN (F.). A disease of the mind, 
which, according to Lavoisien, renders the pa- 
tient obstinate and furious. 


AVEUGLEMEXT, Ceeeitas — a. de Jour, 
Nyctalopia — a. de Nuit, Hemeralopia. 

seu resinif era seu nit'ida, Bon'tia ger'minans : 
called after Avicenna. Ord. Verbenacete. The 
plant which affords the Jfalac'ca Bean or Ana- 
car'dium Orienta'le of the Pharmacopoeias, Seme- 
ear'pus Anacar' dium. The oil drawn from the 
bark of the fruit is a corrosive and active vesica- 
torv, but it is not used. 

AVICULA CIPRIA, Pastil— a. Margaritifera, 
see Pearl. 

AVOIN, Avena, 

Springs are in the State of New York, on the 
eastern branch of the Genesee river, 18 miles 
from Rochester. There are three sulphureo-saline 
and one iodine spring. They are applicable to 
the same set of onses as the Sharon Springs. 

AVORTEMEXT, Abortion— a. Provoque, see 

AVORTER, to Abort. 

AVORTfX, Abortion. 

AVORTOX, Abortion. 

AVCLSIO, Arrachement. 

AVULSION, Evulsion. 

small town in the department of Arriege, France; 
where there are several sulphurous springs, the 

temperature of which varies from 77° to 162° of 

AXE, Axis— or. de V CEil, Axis of the eye. 

A X'E A C M M I S S U ' R A, Trochoi'des. A 
pivot-joint. See Trochoid. 

Axen Kb'rper, Corpuseula tachls. 

AXES, Intermittent, Paroxysm. 

AXILE BODIES, Corpuseula taetus. 

AXIL'LA, Ala, Ascel'la, Ansel' la, Ascil'la, 
Acel'la, Cordis emuncto' rium, Male, Hypo' mi a, 
Fo'vea axilla'ris, Mas'chale, Mas'ehalis, (Sc. and 
Prov.) Oxtar, Oxter, (F.) Aisselle. The cavity 
beneath the junction of the arm with the shoulder; 
the armpit; (F.) Crcuxdel'Aisselte. It is bounded, 
anteriorly, by a portion of the pectoralis major ; 
posteriorly, by the latissimus dorsi. It is covered 
with hair, contains much areolar membrane, lym- 
phatic ganglions, important vessels and nerves, 
and numerous sebaceous follicles, furnishing an 
odorous secretion. In consequence of such secre- 
tion, the ancients called it emuncto' rium cordis. 

AX'ILLARY, Mascholice'us, (F.) Axillaire, 
from axilla, ' the armpit.' Belonging to the 

Axillary Artery, Arte'ria axilla' ris ; a con- 
tinuation of the subclavian, extending from the 
passage of the latter between the scaleni muscles 
as far as the insertion of the pectoralis major, 
when it takes the name of Brachial. 

Axillary GLAxnsare lymphatic glands seated 
in the armpit; into which the lymphatic glands 
of the upper extremity open. 

Axillary Nerve, Cir'cumflex X., Scap'ulo- 
hu'meral (Cn.), Xerf circonfexe, Artic'ular nerve: 
arises from the posterior part of the brachial 
plexus, particularly from the last two cervical 
pairs and the first dorsal. It is chiefly distri- 
buted to the posterior margin of the deltoid. 

Axillary Vein, Vena Axilla'ris, Vena Snba- 
la'ris. This vein corresponds with the artery: 
anterior to which it is situate. It is a continua- 
tion of the brachial veins ; and, at its termina- 
tion, assumes the name Subclavian. 

AXINE, Ascia. 

AXIRNACH. An Arabic word, used by Al- 
bucasis to designate a fatty tumour of the upper 
eyelid, observed particularly in children. 

AXIS, Axon, (F.) Axe. A right line which 
passes through the centre of a body. 

Axis, Cerebro-Spixal, see Encephalon — a. 
of the Cochlea, Modiolus — a, Cranio-Spinal, see 
Encephalon — a. Cylinder of Nerve, see Nerve 
fibre — a. Coeliac, Cceliac artery. 

Axis of the Eye, (F.) Axe de Vceil, called 
also, Vis'ual Axis and Optic Axis, is a right line, 
which falls perpendicularly on the eye, and passes 
through the centre of the pupil. 

Axis, Haemal, Aorta — a. Neural, see Ence- 

Axis, is also the second vertebra of the neck, 
Axon, Epistrojjh'eus, Epis'trophus, Jfaschalister : 
Ver'tebra Denta'ta, (F.) Essieu. So called, be- 
cause it forms a kind of axis on which the head 
moves. Chaussier calls it Axo'ide, from ufwv, 
'axis,' and uhog, 'shape.' 

AXLE TEETH, Molar teeth. 

AXOIDE, Axis — a. Occipitale, Rectus capitis 
posticus major. 

AXOID'O-ATLOID'EUS. What refers to both 
the axis and atlas, a?Axoido-otloidean articulation. 

The lesions of the Axoido-atloidean, are, 1. 
Fracture of the Proces'sus Denta'tus. 2. Rupture 
of the odontoid ligament, and consequently pas- 
sage and pressure of the process behind the trans- 
verse ligament : and, 3. The simultaneous rupturo 
of the odontoid and transverse ligaments. These 
different accidents are fatal. 

AXOIDO-ATLOIDIEX, Obliquus inferior 


11 1 


AXON, Axis. 

AXONOE, Adeps prasparataa. 

AX l NGE, Adeps prssparatua. 

AX1 X<;IA. Pinguedo-— a. Gadi, Oleum Jeeoris 
Atelli — a. de Momia, Marrow — a. Artibularia, 
Synovia — a. Piscina Marina, < Ileum Jeeoris Aselli 
— a. Poreina, Adeps prm p a ra t us . 

A V I'X I A, Insomnia. 

AZALEA PROCUMBBN8, Loiseleuria pro- 


AZ \KXKT. Orpiment 
AZAKI \i. Asarum — a. Cabaret, Aearum. 
AZEDARACH, Metis Asedarmeh. 
AZED \K \<li A AMCENA, Melia Asedaraen. 
AZO'IC, Aso'ieut, same etymon as Azote. De- 
life. The u Azoic /» n* 
is that hefore any living being appeared. 

AZOODYNA'MIA, from a, priv., fan. 'life.* 
;i , 'strength.' Privation or diminution 

of the vital powers. 

\ a [glands are said to afford one of the best 

is of a mild, humid, equable climate, to 

• with in the northern hemisphere. It is 
slightly colder and moister than that of Madeira, 
but even more equable. Sir. Tames (Mark thinks, 
that a change from the Azores to Madeira, and 
thence to Teneriffe — one of the Canaries — would 
prove more beneficial to the phthisical valetudi- 
narian than a residence during the whole winter 
in any one of those islands. 

eeo Hydrargyri nitras — a. Hydrargyroso — ammo- 
nicus, see Hydrargyri oxydum oinereum — a. 

Hydrargyrosus, Hydrargri nitras — a. Potassiums, 

OTATE, Nitrate — a. 0? Argent, .'• 
nitras — ud* " Hydrargyri nitras — a. de 

Mercure et d! amnion iaque, Bee Hydrargyri oxy- 
dum oinereum — a. de Plomb, Pluinbi nitras — a. 
(/. Potatti . Potasses nitras. 

A'ZOI E, Azo't a hi, from a. priv.. and £w»7, 'life.' 
azo'tieum, Nitro- 
gen'ium, Septon, (F.) Azote, Nitrog&ne, Mofette f 
Air gal _i~ which is unlit tor re- 

spiration. It is not positively deleterious, but 

• fatal owing to the want of oxygen. It is 
one of th<- constituents of atmospheric air, and a 

_ lishing principle of animals. Vegetables 
have if nol generally diffused, whilst it is met 

•1 most animal substances. It has been 

variously called, pklogittie air, vitiated air, <tc. ; 

has been looked upon as Bedative, and recom- 

1 to be respired, when properly diluted, in 

diseases of the che;t. 

Azote, Photoxihk or. Nitrogen, gaseous ox. 
ide of. 

AZO TB, Nitrogenised. 

AZOTBD, Nitrogenised. 

AZOTENLSES, from asofe, and noos, 'die- 

by the 
predominance ofaiote in the body. — BaUl 
I [0 ACID, Nitric acid. 

AZOTIZED. Nitrogeniied. 

AZ<'TI RIA, see I .inc. 


AZ1 i:. Coral, Smalt. 

AZ1 KM M. A compound of two parts of 
mercury, one-third of sulphur, and one-tout ih of 
sal ammoniac, — Albertus .Magnus. 

AZ'YGES, Aa'ygoe, Az'ygout, tine part, from 
a, jiriv., and £»y*f, 'equal.' Unequal. The 
Bpkenoid bone, because it has no fellow. 

ttrum tphenoida'lS, 
projecting from under the middle and forepart 
of this bone. 

AZYOOS GANGLION, see Trisplanchnio 

ticular arteries of the skull. 

AZVGOI s Must L.B,Azygot 1''rul<r. is the small 
muscle which occupies the substance of tin.- uvula. 
— Morgagni. The name i.-. however, inappro- 
priate, a- there are two distinct fasciculi. | I 
along-side each other, forming the Pal'ato-eta- 
phyli'ni, Staphyli'ni or Epittapkyli'ni muscles, 
Staphyli'ni me'dii of Winslow. 

>l s Pjmx Bgs, o» 1 iif. Sphenoid, seo 


Azvoors Vfix, Vena Azygot, Veine Prelombo- 
thoracique — (Ch.), Vena tine j><ni. Vena pari 
arena, (F.) Veine tans Pa ire. This vein 
called by Galen. It forms a communication be- 
tween the 1'. ruin inferior and V. eava tuperior, 
permitting the blood to pass freely between the 
two. It rises from the vena cava inferior, or 
from one of the lumbar or renal veins. 1 
through the diaphragm, ascends along the spine 
to the right of the aorta and thoracic duct, and 
opens into the V. cava superior, where it pene- 
trates the pericardium. On the left side, the 
sk.mi- Az'YGOS, Left bron'chial or left tuperior in- 
tereot'tal vein, Vona demi-azygot, V.hemi-i 
Veine petite pre" lombo-thoraciqut — (Cb.), presents, 
in miniature, nearly the Berne arrangement. 

AZYMIA HUMORUM, Crudity of the hu- 

AZ'YMUS, from a, priv., and ^u/117, c l< 
Azymous bread is unfermented, unleavened bread. 

ii AZZLE-TEETII, Molar teeth. 


BABEURRE, Puttermilk. 
B \BILLEMEMT, Loquacity. 
BABUZIC \K! US, Incubus. 

B IC'ARIS, Bach'arit. A nnme given by the 
ancients to an ointment, described by Galen 
under the name Ointment of Lydiau It was 
sometii the womb. — 

Hippocrates. BERMUDENSES, Bapindua snpo- 
nnria — b. sen Grana actes, see Bambucus ebulus 
— b. Jujuhip, Jujube — b. Myrtillorum, see Vacci- 
nium myrtillus — b. NorlandicSBj Rubui arcticus 

— b. Piporis Clabri. see Piper Oubeba — b, Pisca- 
torisB, Bee Menispermum cocculus — b. Zi 
see Jujnbe. 

BACCAR, Bae'earu, Batfeharit. An herb 
need bj i ; •■ ancients in their garlands, to 
enchantment. Perhaps, the Digitalit purpurea. 
Some authors have erroneously thought it to ho 


BACCH LRI8, Baeear. 

I'. \< V11 mis j 1 m 1 mi to' 1.1 \, Oroundtt I tret ; Or- 
</• v, Composites j indigenous; it nsed a ■ :i demul- 
allay cough, in the form of deco< I 
BACCHI' A, from Baechu*, ' the god ol wine*' 




A name applied to the red or pimpled face of the 
drunkard. See Gutta rosea. 

BACCHICA, Hedera helix. 

BACCIV'OROCS, Bacciv'orus, (F.) Baccivorc, 
from bacca, 'a berry,' and voro, 'I devour.' Liv- 
ing on 1 terries. 

BACHARIS, Bacaris. 

BACHELOR'S BUTTONS, see Strychnos nux 

BACIIER'S TONIC PILLS, Pilulge ex Helle- 
boro et Myrrh a. 

BACILE, Crithraum maritimum. 

Tunica Jacobi. 

BACIL'LUM, Bacillus, Bac'ulus, Bac' cuius : 
* a stick.' This name has been applied to a kind 
of troch, composed of expectorants, and having 
the shape of a stick. Also, a suppository. Baeil- 
lum was used by the ancient chemists for several 
instruments of iron. 

BACK, Dorsum. 

BACK-ACH ROOT, Liatris. 

BACKBONE, Vertebral column. 


BACKS PRENT, Vertebral column. 



BACOVE. Musa sapientum. 


BACULUS, Bacillum. 

BAD, Sick. 

is a town six miles from Vienna. Here are 12 
springs, containing carbonates of lime and mag- 
neisa; sulphates of lime, and magnesia, and 
soda; and chlorides of sodium and aluminum. 
The water is used in diseases of the skin, rheu- 
matism, &c. 

There are two other towns of the same name ; 
one in Suabia, and the other in Switzerland, 
about 12 miles from Zurich, where are mineral 
springs. The waters of the last two are thermal 

Celebrated thermal springs, situate about a league 
from the high road to Basle and Frankfort. Their 
temperature varies from 130° to 154° Fahrenheit. 
Their situation is beautiful, and they are much 

B. is in Baden, about a league to the westward 
of Miillheim. The waters are thermal (87° of 
Fahr.), and contain carbonate of lime, sulpburet 
and chloride of calcium, and chloride of magne- 

BADER, Bather. 

BADIAGA. A kind of sponge, sold in Russia, 
the powder of which is said to take away the livid 
marks from blows and bruises in a few hours. 
Its nature is not understood. 
BABTAXE, Illiciuin anisatum. 
BADJSIS, Walking. 
BADLY, Sick. 

BADUKKA. Capparis badukka. 
BAG, DUSTING, see Dusting-bag — b. of 
Waters, see Liquor Amnii. 
BAGEDIA, Pound. 
BAGGIE, Abdomen. 

OF. Bagneres-Adour is a small town in the de- 
partment of Hautes Pyrenees, having a great 
number of mineral springs; some, cold chaly- 
beates ; others, thermal salines; but the greatest 
part sulphureous and warm. 

BAGNERE8 DU LUCHON is a small town 
in the department of Haute Garonne, on the 
frontiers of Spain. It has been for a long time 

famous for its numerous sulphureous springs, 
the temperature of which is from 69° to 148° of 

BAG NIGGE WELLS. A saline mineral spring 
of London, resembling the Epsom. 

BAGNIO, Baignoire. 

Bagnoles is a village in the department of Orne. 
The water resembles that of Baqneres de Luchou. 

nols is a village, two leagues from Blende, in the 
departtnemt of Lozere. The waters are liydro- 
sulphurous and thermal : 109° Fahrenheit. 

BAGOAS, Castratus. 

BAGUEXAUBIER, Colutea arborescens. 

climate of the Bahamas is not considered to be 
well adapted for consumptive patients, on ac- 
count of the rapid alternations of temperature, 
and the prevalence of winds, often of a dry, cold 
character. Still, the phthisical valetudinarians 
from most portions of the United States might 
derive advantage from a residence there during 
the winter months. The accommodations are 
not, however, good, or numerous. 

BAHEL, Colum'nea longi/o'lia. A labiated 
plant of Malabar, whose leaves, bruised, are ap- 
plied as cataplasms to suppurating tumours. 

Bahel Schitlli, Genista spinosa Indica. 

BAIGNEUR. Bather. 

BAIGXOIBE, (F.) Bapfiste'rium, a Bathing 
tub, Bagnio, So' Hum, Pisci'na. The vessel or 
place in which bathing is performed. Baignoire 
oculaire, an eye-lath, — a small vessel for bathing 
the eyes. See Scaphium oculare. 

BAILEY'S SPRING, see Alabama. Mineral 
Waters of. 


BAILLOX, Speculum oris. ^ 

BAIX, Bath — b. Chaud, Bath, hot— b. Elec- 
trique, Bath, electric, see Electricity — b. Entier, 
Bath, general — b. de Fauteuil, Bath, hip — b. 
Frais, Bath, tepid — b. Froid, Bath, cold — b. Hy- 
gienique, see Bath — b. Marie, Bath, water — b. 
Medicinal, Bath, medicated — b. de Mer, Bath, 
sea — b. de Pied, Bath, foot, Pediluvium — b. de 
Sable, Bath, sand — b. de Siege, Bath, hip — b. 
Simple, see Bath — b. Tempere, Bath, tepid, B. 
Temperate — b. de Tete, Bath, head — b. Tiedc, 
Bath, tepid — b. Tres froid, Bath, cold — b. de 
Vapeiir, Bath, vapour. 

BAINE, Bath. 

are situated at Plombieres, department of the 
Vosges. They are said to be saline and thermal 
by some; others deny them any medical pro- 

BAIRN. Infans. 


BALAMPULLI. Tamarindus. 


BAL'ANCEMKNT, Compensation, from (F.) 
balance, 'a, balance,' itself from bis, 'twice.' ami 
lanx, 'a dish.' A law of teratogeny. as main- 
tained by GeofFroy St. Hilaire, by which exube- 
rance of nutrition in one organ is supposed to 
involve, to a greater or less extent, the total or 
partial atrophy of some other, and conversely. 

BALANDA. Fa^us Sylvatica. 


BALANISMUS, Suppositorv. 


BALANITIS, Gonorrhoea spuria. 


BALANOCASTANUM, Bunium Bulbocasta- 

BALANORRHAGIA, see Gonorrhoea. 




BALANORRHCBA, Gonorrhoea spuria. 


BA'L \ N I S, iA.uus, 'glans,' 'an acorn.' The 
glans penis. Henee, Balanoblennorrhae'a, Blen- 
norrhea of the glans ; and Balani'tis, [nflamma- 
timi of the glans. Suppositories and pessaries 
were called Bal'ani. 

Balaxos, Qlans, Suppository — b. Myrepsioa, 
Quilandina moringa. 

larao is a town in the department of Herault, 
in France. The waters are saline and thermal. 
They contain carbonic acid] carbonate of lime, 
earbonate of magnesia, chlorides of sodium, cal- 
cium, and magnesium, sulphate of lime, and a 
little iron. They are considered tonic, and are 
used. Their, temperature is about 11S° 

Balaruo Water, Factit"ioits i (F.) Eau de 
Balarue ; Aqua Belliluca'na is made of simple 
acidulous water (containing twice its bulk of car- 
bonic acid) t'^.wss; chloride of sodium, glssj 
chloride of calcium, gr. xviij : chloride of mag- 
mesium, gr. hi: carbonate <>/' magnesia, gr. j. 

BALA rRO, Bambalio. 

BALAl STINE FLOWERS, see Punica gra- 

B ALB IS, 3a\pi$. 'a foundation.' Any oblong 
cavity. — Galen. Hippocrates, in bis treatise on 
the joints, gives the name Balbito'des to the ole- 
cranon cavity of the humerus. 

B A LBUS, (F.) Bigue. One habitually affected 
with Btammering. A stammerer. 

BAL BU TIEMENT, Bulbuties. 

BALBU'TIES, PeeUWmua, PscVlotee, Blce'- 
eitas, Baryglos'sia, Jj/jt/fi'lia, MogiUx'lia, Jseho- 
pho'nia, Battaris'mus, Bamba'lia, Hasita'tio, 
Loque'la 1 • <•'-". Tituba'tio Lingual, (F.) Balbu- 
tiement, Bigaietnent, Bigayement, Stuttering, 
Stammering, Hammering, (Prov.) Tutt'ering, 
St. Vitus's Donee of the Voice, (6c.) Hab'bering, 
Hobbling. Also, vicious and incomplete pronun- 
ciation, in which almost all the consonants are 
replaced by the letters B aud h; Traulis'mus. 

BALCHUS, Bdellium. 

B \LI». Atbrix. 

BALDMONEY, .Ethusa mourn. 

BALDNESS, Alopecia, Calvities— b. Limited, 
Porrigo decalvans — b. Partial. Porrigo decalvans. 

BALLS' \S. Leviathan penis. 

BALIMBA60, Hibiscus populous. 



BALL, Pila— b. of the Eye, Pupil. 


BALLISTA, Astragalus. 

BALLOCK-GRASS, Orchis mascula. 

BALL OX, Receiver. 

BA L L ONNEMENT, Tympanites, 

BALLO'TA Fffi'TIDA, B. vxdga'ris sen nigra, 
Jtdrru'bium nigrum, Black Horehound, Stinking 
11.. (F.) Marrube noir, Ord. Labiatss. Sex. 
Syet. Didynamia Gymnospermia. This plant is 
esteemed to be antispasmodic, resolvent, and 

Ballots Lana'ta, Leonvlrue lana'tiu, (F.) 
Ballote cotonneuee. A plant which grows in 
Siberia. The whole plant, with the exception of 
the root, has been recommended in dropsy, and 
in rheumatism and gout, as a diuretic. Tt is 
usually given iu decoction (£sa to =jj to f.^viij 
of watt 

BALLOTE G0T0NNEU8E, Ballota lanata. 

BALLOTTEMENT,(B.) Mouvcment de Bal- 
lottement, Agita'tion, Succtu'eion, Repercue'eion, 
means the motion impressed on the foetus in 
ntero, by alternately pressing the uterus by 
means of the index finger of one hand intro- 
duced into the vagina j the other hand being 

• applied on the abdomen. It is one of the least 
equivocal signs of pregnancy. 

BALLS. DEER, Blaphomyoei granulatus, 
BALLSTON SPA. This village is situate in 

Saratoga County, New York. The spring Sans 
Souoi belongs to the class of Acidulous Chaly- 

It contains iodide- of sodium. There Is 

also a Bulphur Bpring. 

BALM, Melissa — b. Apple, Momordiea bnl- 
Bamina — b. Bastard, Melitie Melissophyllum — b. 
of Qilead, Solomon's, see Tinctura cardnmomi — 
b. of Qilead, Poplar. Populus eandicans — b. of 
Qilead tree, Drucooepbalum Canariense — b. In- 
dian, Trillium latifolium — b. Mountain. Monarda 
COCcinea — b. Bed, Monarda coecinea — b. Scarlet 
rose. Monarda coecinea — b. Stinking. Hedeoma. 

BALMONY, Chelone glabra, 

BALNEA C03N0SA, Boue de« eaux. 

BALNEARI1 M, Hypoeaustum. 

BALNEA BUS, Bather. 


BALN BOG'RAPHY, Balneograph'ia, from 
fiaXavtiov, 'a bath,' and yp<i(p>i, 'a description.' 
A description of baths. 

BALNEOL'OGY, Balneolog"ia, from (3a\a- 
vaov, 'a bath,' and hoyos, 'a description.' A 
treatise on baths. 

LA LNEOTIIERAPI'A, from QaXavtiop, «a 
bath/ and Oc^a-cia, 'treatment.' Treatment of 
disease by baths. 

BALNEUM, Bath— b. Acidum, Bath, acid — 
b. Alkaiinum, Bath, alkaline — b. Animale, Bath. 
animal — b. Antipsoricum, Bath, antipsoric — b. 
Anti-sypbiliticum, Bath, antisyphilitic — b. Are- 
D89, Bath, sand — b. (lelatinosuin. Bath, gelatinous 
— b. Maria'', Bath, water — b. Marinum, Bath, sea 
— b. Maris, Bath, water — b. Medicatum, Bath, 
medicated — b. Sulphuris, Bath, Bulphur. 

BALSAM, Bal'samum, Bal'samus, Bol'eson, 
Bel'eson, (F.) Bourne. This name is given to 
natural vegetable substances, concrete or liquid, 
but very odorous, bitter, and piquant: composed 
of resin, benzoic acid, and sometimes of an es- 
sential oil — which allow benzoic aeid to be dis- 
engaged by the action of heat: readily dissolved 
in volatile oil, ab-ohol, and ether: and, when 
treated with alkalies, afford a soluble benzoate, 
and throw down resin. We know of only live 
balsams — those of Peru, and Tolu, Benzoin, solid 
Styrax or S to rax, and liquid Sty rax. (See those 
different words.) There are. however, many phar- 
maceutical preparations and resinous substances, 
possessed of a balsamic smell, to which the name 
balsam has been given : but they differ essentially 
in composition and properties: hence the dis- 
tinction of balsams into natural and artificial. 
The natural balsams include the live before men- 
tioned; the artificial the remainder. 

Balsam. Acoi s'tic. Bal'samum Aeons' ti cum, 
(F.) Baume acoustique. A mixture of fixed and 
essential oils, sulphur, and tinctures of fetid 
gums. Used in cases of atonic dcati 
into the car. The acoustic balsam of Dr. Hugh 
Smith is made by mixing three drachms of ox- 
gall, with one drachm of balsam of ! 

\ m. Amebic \n. Bee Mj roxylon Peruiferum 
— b. Anodyne, Bates's, Ljnimentum Baponis M 

BALSAM, Apoplec'tic, Bal'samum Apoplec'ti- 
cUm, Bal'samus Apnplec'ticus, (F.) Baume Apo- 
plectiqve. A meduine composed of several />"/- 
mmiH properly so called, resins, and volatile oils. 
It is of a stiff consistence, is worn in ivory 
boxes aboui the person, and is stnelled at in 
headaches, «tc. 

Balsam Applm, Momordiea balsamina. 

B LLfl \m 'T Arcos'i ^, Bal'samum 
guen'tum El'emi, (F.) Baume d'Arccetu. A soft 
ointment ; sometimes employed in wounds, ul- 




cers, &c. It is made by melting, with a gentle 
heat, two parts of mutton suet, one of lard, one 
and a half of turpentine, and as much resin. 
Balsam, Calab.v, see Fagara oetandra. 
Balsam, Canada, see Pinus balsamea — b. Ca- 
nary, Dracocephalum Canariense — b. Capivi, 

Balsam of Cakpa'thta, B. Carpa'ikian, Bal'- 
samum Garpath'ieum, (F.) Baume de Cm-path ic. 
The resin of the Pinus Cembra, a tree, which 
grows in Switzerland, Libya, and the Krapac 
mountains in Hungary. 

Balsam, Chaly'beate, Bal'samum Chalybea'- 
tttm, (F.) Btinme d'acier ou d'aiguilles. A mix- 
ture of nitrate of iron, alcohol, and oil, prepared 
by dissolving needles in nitric acid. It was for- 
merly employed in friction in pains of the 

Balsam. Commander's, Tinctura benzoini cora- 
posita — b. for Cuts, Tinctura benzoini composita. 
Balsam, Cor'dial, of Senn^r'tes, Bal'samum 
Cordia'le Senner'ti, (F.) Baume eordiale de Sen- 
nert. A stimulant medicine, composed of the 
essential oils of citron, clov r es, and cinnamon, of 
musk, and ambergris. Dose, 6 to 15 drops. 

Balsam of Fierabras. A celebrated Spanish 
vulnerary balsam, mentioned by Cervantes ; -the 
composition of which was oil, rosemary, salt, and 
wine. (?) 

Balsam, Spir'ituofs, of Fioraventi, Bal'- 
samum Fioraven'ti sjjirituo'sum, (F.) Baume de 
Fioraventi spiritueux. Different products of the 
distillation of resinous and balsamic substances, 
and of a number of aromatic substances, pre- 
viously macerated in alcohol, have been thus 
called. The Spirituous Balsam of Fioraventi, 
the only one now used in friction, in chronic 
rheumatism, is the first product of the distillation 
from a sand-bath. It is entirely alcoholic. The 
Oily Balsam of Fioraventi is obtained by re- 
moving the residue, and distilling it in an iron 
vessel, at a white heat. It has the appearance 
of a citrine-coloured oil. The Black Balsam of 
Fioraventi is the black oil, obtained when the 
temperature is sufficient to carbonize the sub- 
stances in the cucurbit. 

Balsam of Fir, see Pinus balsamea. 
Balsam of Fourcroy or of Laborde, (F.) 
Baume de Fourcroy ou de Laborde. A kind of 
liniment composed of aromatic plants, balsams, 
resins, aloes, turpentine, theriac. and olive oil. 
Used in chaps of the skin and nipples. 

Balsam, Friar's, Tinctura benzoini composita. 
Balsam of Genevieve, (F.) Baume de Gene- 
vieve. An ointment composed of wax, turpen- 
tine, oil, red saunders, and camphor. Used in 
contused wounds, gangrene. &c. 

Balsam of Honey (Hill's). A tincture made 
of tohi, honey (5a tbj) and spirit (a gallon). A 
pectoral, used in coughs. The committee of the 
New York College of Pharmacy recommend the 
following formula — (Gum Benzoin. !|v, Bals. 
Tolut. !§j, Mellis 5viij, Alcohol. Oiij— ' digest for 
]0 days and filter). See Mel. 

Balsam of Horehoend (Ford's). A tincture 
of horehound, liquorice-root, camphor, opium, 
benzoin, dried squills, oil of aniseed, and honey. 
It has the same properties as the above. See 

Balsam, Httngariaw, see Pinus muehos. 
Balsam, Hypnot'ic, Bal'samum Hypnot'icum, 
(F.) Baume Hypnotique. A preparation of which 
opium. hyoscyamus, camphor, and some other 
sedative substances, form the basis. It is used 
externally in friction, to provoke sleep. 

Balsam, Hyster'ic, Bal'samum Hyster'icum, 
(F.) Baume Hysterique. A preparation made of 
opium, aloes, asafcetida, castor, distilled oils of 
rue, amber, Ac. It is held to the nose, applied 

to the navel, or rubbed on the hypogastrium in 
hysterical cases. 

Balsam, Indian, see Myroxylon peruiferurn. 
BALSAM, Iod'dRBTTED, Bal'samum iodurct'um, 
(F.) Baume hydriodatc, B. iodure, Gelee contre 
le goitre. A balsam used in the way of friction, 
in goitre, at Lausanne, in Switzerland. It may 
be made as follows — animal soap, GU ; iodide of 
potassium, 42; alcohol at S5°, 500; essence of 
lemon, 4 parts. The iodide is dissolved in the 
alcohol, which is added to the soap melted in a 
water-bath. The whole is then filtered, and put 
into bottles. 

Balsam of Leictoure, of Condom or Vince- 
geere, Bal'samum Lectoren'se. A strongly sti- 
mulant and aromatic mixture of camphor, saffron, 
musk, and ambergris, dissolved in essential oils. 
The ancients burnt it for the purpose of purifying 
the air of a chamber, when infected with a dis- 
agreeable odour. 

Balsam of Life of Hoff'mann, Bal'samum 
Vita Hoffman' ni, (F.) Baume de Vie d' Hoffmann. 
A tincture, composed of essential oils and amber- 
gris, employed internally and externally as a 
stimulant. A mixture of essential oils without 
alcohol constitutes the Saxon Balsam, Bal'samum 
apoplcc'ticum. B. aromat'icum, B. cephal' icnm, B. 
Saxon'ienm, B. ncrvi'uum, B. Scherzeri, B. Sto- 
mach'icum. Employed in friction as a stimulant. 

Balsam of Life, Decoctum aloes compositum 
— b. of Life, Turlington's, see Tinctura benzoini 

Balsam of Locatel'li or Lecatel'li, Bal'- 
samum Lucatel'li, (F.) Baume de Lucatel. A sort 
of ointment, composed of wax, oil, turpentine, 
sherry, and balsam of Peru, coloured with red 
saunders. It was once administered in pulmo- 
nary consumption. 

Balsam of Mecca, see Amyris opobalsamum 
— b. Mexican, see Myroxylon Peruiferurn — b. 
Natural, see Myroxylon Peruiferurn. 

Balsam, Green, of Metz, Bal'samum Vir'ide 
Jfeteji'sium, B. Vir'ide, (F.) Baume vert de Metz, 
Baume de Fcuillet, Huile verte, O'leum ox'ydi 

cupri v> r i 

de. This is composed of several fixed 

oils, holding, in solution, subcarbonate of copper, 
sulphate of zinc, turpentine, aloes, and the es- 
sential oils of cloves and juniper. It is green 
and caustic, and is employed to hasten the cica- 
trization of atonic ulcers. 

Balsam, Xethrit'ic, of Fuller, Bal'samum 
Xephrit'icum Fulleri. A liquid medicine, com- 
posed of oils, resins, and balsams, which have 
experienced an incipient state of carbonization 
from concentrated sulphuric acid. It was given 
in the dose of 15 to 30 drops in certain affections 
of the kidneys. 

Balsam, Xervoes, Bal'samum Xervi'num, 
(F.) Baume nervin ou nerval. A kind of oint- 
ment, composed of fatty bodies, volatile oils, 
balsam of Peru, camphor, &c. It is employed 
in friction in cases of sprains and rheumatic 

Balsam, Paralyt'ic. of Mynsicht. A sort 
of liniment or soft mixture of the essential oils 
of different aromatic plants, oils of turpentine 
and amber. — Lemery. 

Balsam of Parei'ra brava, Bal'samum Pa- 
rei'ra? brava?. A soft mixture of balsam, resin, 
muriate of ammonia, and powder of the root of 
Pareira brava. It is given internally, to excite 
the urinary secretion. 

Balsam, Percvian, see Myroxylon Peruife- 
rurn — b. of Peru, red, see Toluifera balsamum — ■ 
b. of Peru, white, see Myroxylon Peruiferurn. 

Balsam of Rackasi'ra or of Rakasi'ri. This 
substance is of a yellowish-brown colour : semi- 
transparent: fragile, when dry, but softening by 
heat: adhering to the teeth, when chewed. It 




b-asasmeUshsHlartothatof tl ofTolu, ties of balsams. r — a sweet, 

[t is brought from India faint, and slightly nauseous rmell. BaUamie 

ird shells, and has boon employed in die- »i«©e#a«oe.— one resembling the balsam 8 in pro- 

.:' the urinary and genital | • rty 

wi, Riga. Prepared from the sfa 

Fir, macerated in spirit of wine, /"- 
ternally, stimulant and diuretic; txtemeilly, a 
vulnerary. See Pinos Cembra. 

g A l . >i,utm Sntur'ni. A 

Bolntion o\ ead in spirit of turpentine, 

ntrated by evaporation ; to which eamphor oacetum balsamita 
i. This balsam was applied to 
hasten the cicatrization of wounds. 

B \i - im Of thi E »> e dm 

A sort of liniment, prepared by 
boiling together, at a gentle heat, equal i 

and oil. It i^ said to have been the oint- 
ment used by the Samaritan of the Gospel to 
cure a patienl covered with ulcers. 

bam, - \\ >», Balsam of Life of Hoffmann. 
i Si i .rut it. Bal'tamum 8*P}fkvri*, 
ition of sulphur in 
oil.— A tulph. anien'tum, | F. | /.'. rf< S 
A solution of sulphur in essential oil of aniseed; 
given as a carminative. — li. Sulph. tneciun'tum, 
I p. /;. - \ solution of sulphur 

in oil of amber. — H. Sulphurit terebintkina'tnm, 
F. | B. de Sou/re tirtbin- 
thini. A solution of sulphur in essential oil of 
turpentine, administered as a diuretic. — The Bal- 
' Sulphur of Rulahd is a solution of sul- 
phur in linseed oil or nut oil. 

Balsam op Btm'patht, Balaam um Syvtpath'- 
iciuii, (F.l Baumt de Sympathie. A balsam, used 
in the days when sympathetic influei 
strongly believed in. It was composed of the I 

_-- of a human skull, blood, and human fat. 
ami was applied to the instrument which had ; 
inflicted the wound. 

Ihiiiut'?. A tincture of myrrh. 
\'s blood, flowers of St. John's wort, 
and Chio turpentine. Internally, diuretic ; exter- 
nally, vulnerary. 
Balsam op Tolu, see Toluifera Balsamum. 
bam, Tranquil, Bal'aamum tranquil'lum 

BALSA If TEH ELEMIFERE, Amyris elemi- 
fera — /'. d> I • .'/• eque, Amyris opobalsamum. 

BALSAMINA, Momordioa balsamina. 

BALSAMINE, Moinordica balsamina. 

BALSAM imic 

BALSAMITA FCEMINE \. Achillea ageratam 
— b. Major. Tan ace turn balbamita — b. lis 

B ilsami 1 pa Bu I \ B. odor '' ■ ■ 

'.ci/' /(•'/ ,-ou Roma'na. Ord. 
Composites. Sex. Syet. Syngenesis Polygamia 
Buperflua. A jtlant. common in the south of 
France, and cultivated in the gardens; where it 
bears the names of Menthe coqbxx romaine, Grand 
banme, Baume eoq ou Cottu* dee Jardint. Its 
smell is Strong and aromatic, and taste hot. It 
is used for the same purposes as taiisey, i. e. as a 
stimulant, veiniitu. 

BALSAMITA SuAVEOLEHS, Tanacetum balsa- 
mita — b. Vulgaris, Tanacetum balaamita. 

BALSAMO-SACCHARUM, Elsso-Saccharum. 
BALSAMUM, see Balsam, Amyris opobalsa- 
mum — b. JSgyptiacum, see Amyris opobalsamum 
— b. Album, Bee Myroxylon Peruiferum — b, 
Alpini, Dracocephalum Canariense — b. Alpini, 
see Amyris opobalsamum — b. Anodynum, Lini- 
mentum Baponis et opii — b. Apoplecticum, Balsam 
of life of Hoffmann — b. Aromaticum, Balsam of 
life of Hoffmann — b. Asialieum, see Amyris opo- 
balsamum — b. Brazilien8C, Copaiba — b. Calaba, 
octandra — b. Canadense, see Pinna 
balsamea — b. Catholicum, Tinctura benzoini eom- 
posita — b. Ceph alien m, Balsam of life of Hoff- 
mann — b. Copaibas, Copaiba — b. Genuinnm anti- 
> quorum, see Amyris opobalsamum — b. Hyperici 
simplex, see Hypericum perforatum — b. lodure- 
timi. Balsam, ioduretted — b. Judaicum, see Amy- 
balsamum — b. Libani, see Pinus cembra — 
b. Marias, see Fagara octandra — b. e Mecca. B6C 
Amyris opobalsamum — 1'. Mercuriale, I i 
turn hydrargyri nitratis — b. Nervinum, Balsam 
of life of Hoffmann — b. Nucistss, Bee Myristica — 
b. Opodeldoc, Linimentum saponis campboratum 
b. Ophthalmioum rubrum, Unguentum hyihar- 
gyri nitrico-oxydi — b. Persicum, Tinctura benxo- 
Bita — b. Peruvianum, see Myroxylon 

seu tranquil'lane, (V.) II. tranquille. A liquid 
medieine employed, externally, in the shape of 
friction : it is prepare! by macerating and boil- 
ing, in olive oil. nsreotio and poisonous plants, — U n compositi — b. reruviai 
belladonna, mandragora, byoscyamus, Ac— and Peruiferum— b. Batnrninum, Unguentum plumbi 
infusing, in the filtered decoction, Buperacetatis — b. Bcherzeri, Balsam of life of 
■it aromatic plants. It was employed as Hoffmann — b. Stomachicum, Balsam of life of 
an anodyne. Hoffmann — b. Btyracis, Styrax — b. Styracis ben- 
Balsam, Titki-y. Dracocephalum Canariense zoini, Benjamin— b. Succini, see Succinum — b. 
— b. Turlington's, see Tinctura Benzoini com- Bulphuris, Petroleum snlphuratum — 
posita. b. Bulphuris Bimplex, Oleum Bulphuratum — b. 

LM OP Tir'rr.NTlM:. Duicl Drape, BnV- 
tamum Terebin'thinm. Obtained by distilling 

oil of turpentine in a glass retort, until a red 
balsam i.- left. It ; 16 properties of the 


BALSAM, Ykrvain's. Tinctura Benzoini com- 

B LEY, OP Mimu -im 'it--. Ba "- 

tnmnm vulnera'rium Mindere'ri, i F. ) />'. vnlnf- 

rain de MlNDERER. A kind of liniment, eom- 

!' turpentine, resin eb-mi, oil of St. John's 

ad wax. Employed in friction, an 
- to wounds. 

tiens fulva. 
I v v - - v •• w,.i \m. Tinctnra Benzoini eomposita. 
Amyris Qileadensis — b. Myrrba, Bee Myrrha. 


B M SAMELjEON, Myroxylon Peruiferum. 
BALSAM'IO, Baleam'icne, (P.) BaUamiqne, 
from (iaXaafioi, 'balsam.' Possessing the quali- 

Syriacum, see Amyris opobalsamum — b. Toluta- 
tanum, see Toluifera balsamum — b. Tranquillana 
seu Tranquillum, Balsam, tranquil — b. Trauma- 
ticum, Tinctura benzoini eomposita — b. Univer- 
sale, Unguentum plumbi superac< tatis — b. Viride, 
Balsam, (?reen, of Metz; Bee Fagara octandra. 

BALSAMUS, Balsam.— b. Palustris, Mentha 

!'. \ 1 8 EM, Amyris opobalsamum. 

BAMBA, Baml 

B \ M I: A I.I A. Balbuti 

BAMBA'LIO, Ban,' halo, Bala'tro, from 0ap- 
(jai\u,*l Ppeah inarticulately.' One who stam- 
-. or utters inarticulate sounds. A - 
cording to Kracbe, one who Bpeaks as if be bad 
pap in hi^ mouth, or a.s if hie tongue were para* 
Ij Bed. 

BAMBOO, (T.) Bambov, Bambu. Fam. Gra- 

minese. Sex. Syet. Hexandria Monogynia. The 

yonng Bambot arundina'cea, Aran' no 

bambnt, Bambu'ea arundina'cea, and of Jlmnlue 

contain a saccharine pith, ol 




the people of both the Indies are very fond. 
They are sometimes made into a pickle. 

Verticillata, Bamboo. 


BAMIX MOSCHATA, Hibiscus abelmoschus. 

BAM MA, from (3ar:ru>, 'I plunge,' 'a paint; a 
dye.' Anciently, liquids were so called, in which 
certain bodies were plunged, to moisten or soften 
them. In the case of tea, for instance, into which 
bread is dipped, the tea would be the bamma. 

BANANA, Musa sapientum. 

BANA.NIER, Musa sapientum. 

BANAUSIA, Charlatanry. 


BANCAL, (F.) One who has deformed legs. 
It includes the valgus, compernis, and varus, 
which see. 

BANCROCHE, (F.) A vulgar epithet for a 
rickety individual. 

BAND, PRIMITIVE, see Nerve Fibre. 

BAN'DAGE, Desma, Syndes'mus, Hi/podes'- 
mis, Hijpodesma, Hi/podes'mus, (the last three 
signify properly an under bandage.) A binder, 
from Sax. b hid an, 'to bind.' This word, with 
the French, is generally used to express the me- 
thodical application of rollers, compresses, &c, 
Ban'daging, Syn'desis, to fix an apparatus upon 
any part, — corresponding to the words deliga'tio, 
fascia'tio, fascia'rum applica'tio, epid'esis. "With 
us the noun is usually applied to the result of the 
application, or to the bandage itself: — a sense in 
which the French employ the word Bande. Ban- 
dages are simple or compound. The simple ban- 
dage is equal, if the turns are applied circularly 
above each other; unequal, if the turns are not 
accurately applied upon each other. If each turn 
of the bandage* be only covered one-third, it 
forms the doloire of the French; if the edges 
touch only slightly, it is the mousse ; if the turns 
are very oblique and separated, it is the spiral 
or creeping, (F.) rampant; if folded upon each 
other, it is termed the reversed, (F.) renverse. 
By uniting various kinds of bandaging, we have 
the compound. ; and these compound bandages 
have received various names expressive of their 
figure, or of the parts to which they are applied, 
as capistrnm, spica, &c. Bandages are divided, 
also, as regards their uses, into unit inn, dividing, 
retaining, expelling, compressing, &c. 

Bandage on B^oller, Fas'cia, Tce'nia, Epides'- 
mos, Vin'odum, the Bande of the French. It may 
be made of linen, flannel, or other stuff capable 
of offering a certain resistance. The two extre- 
mities of a bandage are called tails, (F.) chefs, 
and the rolled part is termed its head, (F.) globe. 
If rolled at both extremities, it is called* a double- 
headed roller or bandage, (F.) Bande a deux 

RE ES, Bandage of separate strips. 

Bandage, Body, Manti'le, (F.) Bandage de 
Corps, is used for fixing dressings, &c, to the 
trunk. It is formed of a towel, napkin, or some 
large compress, folded three or four times; the 
extremities of which are fastened by pins. This 
is again fixed by means of the scapnlary bandage, 
which is nothing more than an ordinary ban- 
dage, stitched to the anterior and middle part 
of the napkin, passing over the clavicles and 
behind the head, to be attached to the back part 
of the napkin. 

Bandage, Compound, see Bandage. 

Bandage, Compressing, or Roller, Fascia 
compressi'va seu convolu'ta, (F.) Bandage com- 
pressive ou roule, is the simple roller with one 
head; and is employed in cases of ulcers, varices, 

&c, of the limbs. Whenever this roller is applied 
to the lower part of the limbs, it is carried up- 
wards by the doloire and reversed methods above 

Bandage, Compressive, see Bandage, com- 
pressing — b. de Corps, see Bandage — b. Dividing, 
see Bandage — b. Din'sif, Dividing bandage — b. 
ddi.r-huit Chefs, Bandage, eighteen-tailed — b. en 
Doloire, Doloire — b. Double-headed, see Baud- 

Bandage, Eighteen-tatled, Fas'cia octod'- 
ecim capit'ibus, (F.) Bandage d dix-huit chefi. 
This bandage is made of a longitudinal portion 
of a common roller; and with a sufficient num- 
ber of transverse pieces or tails, to cover as much 
of the part as is requisite. It is a very useful 
bandage, inasmuch as it can be undone without 
disturbing the part. 

Bandage, Expelling, see Bandage. 

Bandage, Galen's, B. for the Poor, Fas'cia 
Gale'ni seu Pau'pernm, (F.) Bandage de Galu n 
ou des Pauvres, Ga'lea, is a kind of cncul/us or 
hood, (F.) Couvrechef, divided into three parts 
on each side ; of which Galen has given a de- 
scription. See Cancer Galeni. 

Bandage op Genga, Bandage of Theden — b. 
Hernial, see Truss — b. Immovable, Apparatus, 

Bandage, In'guinal, Fas'cia ingvina'lis. A 
bandage for keeping dressings applied to the 
groin. It consists of a cincture, to which is at- 
tached a triangular compress, adapted for cover- 
ing the groin. To the lower extremity of this, 
one or two bandages are attached, which pass 
under the thigh, and are fixed to the posterior 
part of the cincture. This bandage may be either 
simple or double. 

Other bandages will be found described under 
their various names. 

Galen's — b. Permanent, Apparatus, immovable— 
b. of the Poor, see Bandage, Galen's, and Cancer 
Galeni — b. Rampant, see Bandage — b. Renverse, 
see Bandage — b. Roule, see Bandage — b. of Scul- 
tetus, Bandage of separate strips. 

Bandage of separate Strips, or B. of Scttl- 
TE'TUS, Fas'cia fasci'olis separa'tim dispos'itis 
seu Sculte'ti, (F.) Bandage a bandelettcs separees 
ou de Scultet. This is formed of linen strips, 
each capable of surrounding once and a half the 
part to which they have to be applied, and placed 
upon each other, so as to cover successively one- 
third of their width. It is used chiefly for frac- 
tures, requiring frequent dressing. 

Bandage, Simple, see Bandage. 

Bandage of Theden, B. of Genga. A band- 
age employed, at times, in brachial aneurism, 
which commences at the fingers, and extends to 
the axilla. 

Bandage, Under, Hypodesmis — b. Unequal, 
see Bandage — b. Unissant, Uniting bandage — b. 
Uniting, see Bandage, and Uniting bandage. 

BANDAGING, see Bandage— b. Doctrine of, 

BAN'DAGIST, (F.) Bandagiste. One whose 
business it is to make bandages, and especially 
those for hernia. 

BANDE, Bandage. The word Bande, in 
anatomy, is used by the French for various nar- 
row, flat, and elongated expansions. 

BANDE A DEUX GLOBES, see Bandage. 

BANDE D' HE L 10 DO RE, a kind of bandage 
for supporting the mamma?. 

BANDEAU, (F.) A kind of simple bandage, 
which consists of a piece of cloth, folded four 
times, and applied round the head. There is 
also the Bandeau ou Mouchoir en triangle or 




triangular bandage, a kind of eouvrecbef, made 

tare piece <a' oloth, or of a handkerchief, 

folded diagonally, and applied round the head. 

BANDELETTE, | F. I Diminutive of IfofMfa 

.. '/\t in' ■/•>. \:>i i : a narrow bandage, 

snip, it fillet Also Ta nia Bemicircolaris. 

/; . i .v /> a- /, e r /• /: s . ; o o i. \ ' //.v.i ri I '/■:>•. 

Small .-trips, covered with a glutinous plaster. 

agglntinan'tee. See Agglutinant. 

' OELETTES BtCOUPtS, are strips 
of linen, notched on one edge, and 

I -. with ointment. Tiny are applied to 
wounds to pr (Tent the lint from sticking, and the 
laceration of the cicatrix. 

nia Bemicircularis — 1>. dee Cornea cTammon, Corpus 
fimbria turn — b. dee Eminence* pyriformee, Tenia 
Bemicircularis — 1>. (L; I'Hippoeampe, Corpora fiui- 

BANDURA, Nepentha destillatoria, 

B \N DY-LEGGED, Cnemoscoliosis. 

BANEBERRY, Actsea Bpicata. 

BANG! E, Bhang, Bang, Bangi or Beug, Sed- 
ilieves this to be the Ne- 
of the ancients. The largest leaves and 
capsules without the stalks of Can' nobis In'dica, 
invre Indien, Indian hemp, probably iden- 
tical with C. tativa. Family, UrticeaB. Sex.Syst. 
i Pentandria. The leaves and flowers of 
Cannabis are narcotic and astringent. They are 
Chewed and smoked. The seeds, mixed with 
opium, areca. and sugar, produce a kind of intoxi- 
cation, and are used lor this purpose by the peo- 
ple of India. An alcoholic extract of the plant. 
Churrvs — Extrae'tum Can'nabis (Ph. U. S.) — has 
been used in India, and since then in Europe and 
in this country, as a narcotic and anti-convulsive, 
in the dose of from half a grain to ten or more. 
It requires, however, great caution in its adminis- 
Btration. The pure resin — Cannabine, Haeehie- 
ehim — is active in the dose of two-thirds of a 

The dried plant, which has flowered, and from 
which the resin has not been removed, called 
Gutijah, Gaujak, Guaza, and Guazah, Ilnschisch, 
Haechiek, Baehieeh, Hashish, or Chasehieeh, of 
the Arabs, Consists of the tops and tender parts 
only of the plant, collected immediately after in- 
nee, and simply dried. 

BANICA, Pastinaca sativa. 

DAM LAS. Vanilla. 
II. LA. Vanilla. 

BAKILLOES, Vanilla. 

BANISTE'RIA AX<;ULO'SA. This plant, 
in Brasil and the Antilles, passes for a powerful 
sudorific, and an antidote to the poison of ser- 

BANK8IA ABY8SINI0A, Hagenia Abyssi- 
niea — b. Speciosa, Costus. 

Bannieres is a village in Quercy, diocess of Ca- 
non, France. The waters are probably chaly- 
They are celebrated in ameuorrhoea, ca- 
chexia, jaundice, &c. 

BA'OBAB, Adaueo'nia digita'ta, of Africa. 
y,>t. i),, I. Bombacece. One of the larg 
ductions of the vegetable kingdom. It- fruit is 
called, in the country, Pain dt tinge. The pulp 
rish, and agreeable to . ;it .- and a refreshing 
drink is made from if, which is used in t'>'vrv~. 
Prospero Alpini and Dr. L. Frank think that the 
Terra Lemnia was prepared, in Egypt, from the 
pulp. All the parte of the Baobab abound in 
mucilage. The hark has been given as a substi- 
tute for cinchona. 

BAPTISIA LBUCANTHA, see Sophora tinc- 
toria — b. Tinotoria, Sophora tinctoria. 


BAPTORRHCEA, see Gonorrhoea. 

//. 1 fi . I Q I i: T TE ( F. ). A name given by Ra- 
sous. physician at NUmes, in France, to a catar- 
rhal epidemy, which occurred there in 1761. See 

BARATHRON, Juniperus sabina. 


BA 1! BA, Beard— b. Aaronis, Arum maculatum 
pros, Bpirssa ulmaria — 1>. Hi] 
gon — b. Jovis, Sempervivum tectorum. 

BARBADOES, see West Indies — b. Leg, see 

BARBAREA, Erysimum barbarca— b. Stricta, 
Erysimum barbai 

BARBAROS'SJE PIL'UL.E, Barbaros'sa's 
Piltx. An ancient composition of quicksilver, 
rhubarb, diagridium, musk, Ac. It was the first 
internal mercurial medicine which obtained any 
real credit. 

BARBE, Beard — b. de Bone, Tragopo. 

BARBEAU, Centaureo cyanus, Cyanus segc- 

of London, instituted by King Edward IV. The 
barbers were separated from the Burgeons, by 18 
Geo. II.. c. 1J; and the latter were erected into a 
Royal College of Surgtons at the commencement 
of the present century. 

P.ARDERS, ARMY, see Bathers. 

These mineral waters are half a league from 
Nantes. They contain carbonic acid, chlorides 
of magnesium and sodium, sulphate of magnesia, 
carbonates of magnesia, lime, and iron. They are 
used as ohalybeates. 

BARBERRY, Oxycantha Galeni— b. Ameri- 
can, see Oxycantha Galeni. 

BARBIERS. A variety of paralysis chiefly 
prevalent in India : and by many considered to 
be the same as Beriheri. Beriberi is commonly 
an acute disease. Barbiers is generally chronic. 


BAR-DONE. Pubis, os. 

BARDOTINE, Artemisia Santonica. 

BARBULA CAPRINA. Spiraea ulmaria. 



BARD AN A, Arctium lappa — b. Minor, Xan- 

I', MID AXE PETITE. Xanthium. 

Bareges is a village in the department of Hautes 
Pyrenees, near which are several springs. They 
are sulphureous and thermal, the heat varying 
from ^°to 112° Fahrenheit. They contain chlo- 
rides of magnesium and sodium, sulphates of mag- 
nesia and lime, carhonate of lime, sulphur. Ac. 
These springs have long enjoyed a high reputa- 
tion, and are daily advised in cutaneous and 
scrofulous affections, Ac. A nitrogenized matter 
was first found in these waters, and afterwards in 
Other sulphureous springs, to which Longchamp 
gave the name Barfgine, 

!-, riTioua BarIobb Water, Aqua B 

ieu Baretginen'sis, (F.) Eau de Bariges, 
is made by adding hydroeulphuretted '■'/,/•, f-iv, 
to ],ur> water, f]$x.v\j*B,carbonaU of soda, gr. xvj, 
chloride of sodium, gr. bs. Dottle closely. 
BAREGINE, see Bai 

BARGADA, Convolvulus pes eaprse. 

BARGOU. An alimentary preparation formed 
of ground oats, boiled to aproper consistence with 


BARII CHLORIDUM, Baryta, muriate of— 
b. Iodidum, Baryta, hydriodato of. 




BARILLA, Soda— b. Alicant, Soda — b. Car- 
thagena, Soda— b. Turkey, Soda. 


BA'RIUM, Ba'ryum, Baryt'inm, Pluto'nhim, 
from (3apvs, 'heavy.' The metallic base of ba- 
ryta, so called from the great density of its com- 

Barium, Chloride op, Baryta, muriate of — 
6. Cklorure de, Baryta, muriate of — b. Iodatum, 
and Iodide of, Baryta, hydriodate of— b. Protox- 
ide of. Baryta. 

BARK, Cinchona — b. Arica, see Cinchona? cor- 
difoliae cortex — b. Ash, see Cinchona — b. Bitter, 
Pinckneya pubens — b. Bogota, see Cinchona — b. 
Calisaya, Cinchona? cordifoliae cortex — b. Cali- 
saya, spurious, see Cinchona? cordifoliae cortex — 
b. Carabaya, see Cinchona? cordifoliae cortex — b. 
Caribbean, Cinchona? Caribsese cortex — b. Cartba- 
gena, see Cinchona — b. Coquetta, see Cinchona 

— b. Crown, Cinchona? lancifolia? cortex — b. 
Cusco, see Cinchona? cordifolia? cortex — b. 
Doom, Sassy-bark — b. Elk, Magnolia glauca — b. 
Essential salt of, see Cinchona — b. Florida, 
Pinckneya pubens — b. Fusagasuga, see Cinchona 

— b. Georgia, Pinckneya pubens — b. Gray, see 
Cinchona — b. Huamilies, sec Cinchona — b. Hua- 
nuco, see Cinchona — b. Indian, Magnolia glauca 

— b. Iron, see Kino — b. Jesuit's, Cinchona — b. 
Jaen, see Cinchona — b. Lima, see Cinchona — b. 
Loxa, Cinchona? lancifolia? cortex — b. Pale, Cin- 
chona? lancifolia? cortex — b. Maracaybo, see Cin- 
chona — b. Ordeal, Sassy-bark — b. Peruvian, Cin- 
chona — b. Pitaya, Cinchona? Caribaea? cortex, see 
Cinchona — b. Red, Cinchona? oblongifolia? cortex 
— b. Royal, Cinchona? cordifolia? cortex — b. of St. 
Ann, see Cinchonas cordifolia? cortex — b. Saint 
Lucia, Cinchonas Cariba?a? cortex — b. Santa Mar- 
tha, see Cinchona — b. Sassy, Sassy-bark — b. 
Seven, Hydrangea arborescens — b. Silver, see 
Cinchona — b. Yellow, Cinchona? cordifolia? cortex. 


BARLEY-BREE. Cerevisia. 

Barley-Corn, Cerevisia. 

Barley, Pearl, see Hordeum — b. Scotch, 

B a rl by-Water, Decoctum hordei. 

BARM. Yest. 

BARN, Infans. 

is not far from London. The water is of a purg- 
ing quality, like that of Epsom, and about half 
the strength. 

BAROMACROM'ETER, Padobaromacrom'- 
eter, P adorn' eter, from fiapoq, i weight/ naicpoq, 
'long,' and pzrpov, 'measure.' An instrument 
invented by Stein to indicate the length and 
weight of a new-born infant. 

BAROM'ETER, Baroseop'ium, Ba'roscope, 
from (3apo$, 'weight,' and ptrpov, 'measure.' (F.) 
Bnromitre. An instrument which measures the 
weight of the air. A certain degree of density 
in this medium is necessary for health. When 
we ascend high mountains, great inconvenience 
is experienced, owing to the diminished density. 
Changes of this character are indicated by the 
Barometer or weather-glass. 

BA'ROS, (iapos, 'heaviness.' Employed by the 
Greek physicians to designate the feeling of las- 
situde and heaviness observable in many diseases. 
— Hippocrates, Galen. 

BAROSCOPE. Barometer. 

BAROSMA CRENATA, Diosma crenata. 

B A ROTE, Baryta. 

BAROTES SALITUS, Baryta, muriate of. 

BAR HAS, see Pinus sylvestris. 

a small town, six leagues from Strasburg. The 
waters are thermal, and contain much iron, cal- 
careous salt, Ac. They are diuretic and tonic. 

BABRE (F.), Barrure, Vara, 'a bar.' A pro- 
jection or prolongation of the symphysis pubis, 
— a deformity rendering delivery difficult. 

BARREE (F.). A term applied, in France, to 
a female whose pelvis has the deformity described 
under Bar re. 

BARRES (DENTS,), Barred Teeth. The 
molar teeth, when the roots are spread or tortu- 
ous, so that they cannot be extracted without 
being broken ; or without a portion of the alveo- 
lar arch being removed. 


BARREN, Sterile. 

BARRENNESS, Sterilitas. 

BARROS, Terra Portugallica. 

BARRURE, Barre. 

BARTON'S FRACTURE, see Fracture of the 
Radius, Barton's. 

BARYCOCCALON, Datura stramonium. 

BARYCOITA, Baryecoia. 

BARYECOl'A, Barycoi'ta, Bradyeeoi'a, Pa- 
racusia obtu'sa, Disecoi'a, Dysecoe'a, Audi'tus 
dijjlc'ilia, A. gravis, A. immiuu'tus, Obaudi'tio, 
Obaudi'tus, Hypocopho'sia, ffypoehyro'eia, (F.) 
Durete d' Oreille, Dysfvee, from fiapvs, 'heavy,' 
and aKot], 'hearing.' Hardness of hearing, in- 
complete deafness. See Cophosis, and Deafness. 

BARYGLOSSIA, Balbuties, Baryphonia. 

BARYI HYDRAS IODATI, Baryta, hydrio- 
date of. 


BARYOD'YNE, from /3apu$, 'heavy/ and oSvvrj, 
'pain.' A dull, heavy pain. 

BARYPHO'NIA, Baryglos'si", Baryla'lia, Lo- 
que'la impedi'ta, from (Sapvs, 'heavy/ and (piovrj, 
' voice.' Difficulty of voice or speech. 

BARYPICRON, Artemisia abrotanum. 

BARYSOMATIA. Polysarcia adiposa. 

BARYSOMATICA, Polysarcia adiposa. 

B A R Y ' T A, from fiaov<;, ' heavy/ papvrns, 
'weight.' r Terra pondero'sa, Bary'tes, Protox'- 
ide of Ba'rium, Heavy Earth, Ponderous Earth, 
(F.) Baryte, Barote, Terre pesante. This earth 
and its soluble salts are all highly corrosive poi- 
sons. It is never employed in medicine in the 
pure state. When externally applied, it is caus- 
tic, like potassa and soda. 

Bary'ta, Carbonate of, Barytas. Car'bonas, 
(Ph. U.S.), (F.) Carbonate de Baryte, Crate baro- 
tique, is only used officinally to obtain the mu- 

Baryta, Hydri'opate of, Baryta Hydri'odas, 
Baryta Hydriod'iea, Hydras Baryi Ioda'ti : — 
(in the dry state, Iodide of Barium, Barii Iod'- 
idum, Ba'rium Ioda'tum,) has been given in scro- 
fulous and similar morbid conditions. It may 
be administered internally in the dose of one- 
eighth of a grain three or four times a day, and 
be applied externally to scrofulous swellings, in 
the form of ointment, (gr. iv to Jj of lard.) 

Baryta Hyoriodica, Baryta, hydriodate of. 

Baryta, Mu'riate or Hydrochlorate of, 
Bary'ta mn'rias, Chlo'ride of Ba'rium, Ba'rii 
Ghlo'ridxim (Ph. U. S.), Chlo'rttret of Ba'rium, 
Terra p>ondero'sa sali'ta seu muria'ta, Sal muri- 
at'icum barot'icum, Baro'tes sali'tus, (F.) Chlo- 
rure de barium, is the combination chiefly used. 
The Muriate of Baryta may be formed as follows : 
Baryt. Carbon, in frustulis, ibj ; Acid. J/uriat. 
f^xij; Aqua Oiij. Mix the acid with the water, 
and gradually add the Carbonate of Baryta. To- 
ward the close of the effervescence, apply a gentle 
heat, and, when the action has ceased, filter the 
liquor, and boil it down so that Crystals may form 
as it cools.— Ph. U. S. 

It is given in the form of the Solu'tio 3/uria'tis 
Baryta, Liquor Barii Chlo'ridi, Ph. U. S., Aqua 
baryta muria'tis, (F.) Solution de Muriate de 


1 1 9 


Bari/te, 'Muriate of Baryta, one part ; distill d 
i iree parts.) and is employed in sci 

■v .nil-, a i i < 1 cutaneous diseases. Exter- 
nally, to fungous ulcers and to specks on the 

OF, Baryta sui/,has, (F.) 

& . is used in pharmacy, like the 

i ate, to obtain the ohloride of barium. 

i i.k Cabbohas, Baryta, carbonate <»t' — b. 

Baryta, bydriodate of — b, Murias, 

ta, muriate of — b. sulphas, mlphate 


BAR YTK, Baryta— 6. Carbonate de, Baryta, 
earbonate of — b. sulfate d- . Baryta, sulphate of. 
BAR! I'll MIA. Melancholy. 
B LRYTIUM, Barium, 
BAR! IM. Barium. 
B AS- FOND, see Urinary Bladder. 
BAS LASS& Stocking laced. 
. Abdomen. 
- IAL. The name of an Indian tree, the 
n of whose leaves, in water, with » 

j of the fauces. The 
kernels of the fruit are vermifuge. 

BASANAS rilA'C.ALA, from fJamvos,* torture,' 
antl utrr^ay.iXoj, ' the astragalus.' Tain in the ankle 
joint ; gout in the foot. 

BASANIS'MOS, from 0atavt$etv, 'to explore.' 
ch-stone.' Investigation or examination. 
— Hippocrates, Galen. 

ii jaivto, 'I proceed,' ' I rest/ 
' I - port myself.' Thatwhioh serves as a foun- 
dation or support. That which enters, as a prin- 
cipal matter, into a mixture or combination. In 
anatomy, it is employed in the former sense, as 
' the Cram' Km, Base of the Brain — Basis 

imen'tum ccre'bri ; Base of a process, <£<?., 
r* ///'; heart — Basis vel coro'na cordis. In 
dentistry, it menus a metallic, ivory, or hippopo- 
tamus plate, which is used as a support for arti- 
ficial teeth. In the art of prescribing, Basis is 
the chief suhstance which enters into a compound 

BASE BORN, Illegitimate. 


j; V.SIATIO, Tuition. 
BA31 ITOR, Orbicularis oris. 
BASIL, BUSH, Ocymum caryophyllatum — b. 
Citron, Ocymum basilicum — b. Common, Ocy- 
mum basilicum — b. Small, Ocymum caryophyl- 
latum — l). Wild, Chenopodium vulgare — b. Wild, 
Cunila mariana — b. Wild, Pycuanthemum in- 

J; \SILAD, see Basilar Aspect. 
BAS'ILAR, Basiba'ris, I;,s'ilarij, (F.) Basi- 
That which belongs to the base, from 
(5'iots, 'base.' This name has been given to seve- 
ral parts, which seem to serve I others. 
. srum and sphenoid have been SO called. 
Basilar Abtert, A. bomla'rie sen eertica'lis, 
■ u Trone basilaire, A. misociphalique 
(Ch.) The union of the two vertebral arteries. 
Is along the middle groove on the infe- 
rior inrl lee of the tuber, and is supported, be- 
i Fossa basilaris. It terminates in 
■ rior cerebral art 

il towards the base 
of the head. — Barclay. Basil, id is need adverb- 
tally by the same writer to signify 'towards the 

1» isil lr Possa, (P.) Oouttiire on 

ipper surface of the basilary p] 
— tailed because it is channeled like a Fomta 

Or (rut/, r. Til"' Till, <:r annul i I it. 

Bash lb Process, Procee'eu* basila'ris ossis 

■ ij/itie, (F.) 
-'• Basilaire, Prolongement sous-occipital, 

Cuneiform Process, is the bony projection, formed 

by the inferior angle of the os occipitis, which is 
articulated with the sphenoid. 

BASILAB Sims, Sinus transver-us. 

Basilar Bdbfacb, (F.) Surface 
the inferior surface of to It is covered 

by the mucous membrane of the pharynx. 

ai: Ykktkuka. The last vertebra of the 

BASIL'IC, Basil' iens, (F.) Basilique, from 
fiaoiXtxos, 'royal.' This name was given, by the 
ancients, to parts which they conceived to play 
an important part in the animal economy. 

I! ash ro Vein, Vena >'■ i eu'biti inte- 

rior, (F.) Veine Basiliq . i • cubitale cuta- 
>"'■ of Chaussier. This vein is one of ti. 
which the operation of bloodletting is per, 
It is situate at the internal part of the fold of the 
elbow, in front of the humeral artery, and is 
formed by the anterior and posterior cubital 
veins, and by the median basilic. It terminates, 
in the arm-pit, in the axillary vein. The an- 
cients thought-, that the basilic of the right arm 
had some connexion with the liver, and hence 
.lied it hepatic. The vein id' the left arm, 
for a similar reason, they called splenic. The 
Median Basilic Vein, (P.) Veine midiam 
li']ne, is one of the branches of the preceding 
vein. It joins the median cephalic at an acute 
angle, or rather by a transverse branch, and re- 
ceives some branches of the deep radial and cu- 
bital veins, and a considerable subcutaneous vein 
— the common median. 

BASIL 10 COM MUX, Ocymum basilicum— b. 
Sauvai/e, grand, Chenopodium vulgare. 

BASIL'ICON, Basil'icum. 'Royal,' or of 
great virtue. An ointment, composed of yellow 
wax, black pitch, and resin, of each one part, 
olive oil, four parts. Hence it was called I ■■- 
guen'tum Tetraphar'macum, (reTpa'papfiaKa, 'four 
drugs.') — Celsus. Scribonius Largus. 

Lasilicox, Basilicum, of the Parisian Codex, 
is the Omjuent de Poix et de Circ. In most Phar- 
eias, it is represented by the Unguen'tum 
or Cera' turn Resi'itce. It is used as a stimulating 
ointment. See Ceratum Resinae, and Unguen- 
tum Resinee Nigra. 

BASILICUM, Basilioon, Ocymum Basilicum 

— b. Citratum, Ocymum basilicum — b. Majus, 
Ocymum basilicum. 

BASILIQUE, Basilic. 

BASILISCUS, Syphilis. 

B A S l - C E 11 A T U -CIIOXDRO-GLO.— T-. 


B \SI0-CER'AT0-GL0S3US, from /W?, 

'base,' Kspas, 'cornu.' and yXuaoa, 'tongue.' A 

name given to a part of the hyogfossus, which is 

I into the cornu of the os byoides and base 

of the tongue. 

HASIOCES'TRUM, from /Wis, 'the 
and KtaTpa, 'a dart.' An instrument for opening 
the head of the fcetus ill utero, invented by Mes- 
ler, a German. 

BA'SIO-GLOS'SUS, Ili/psehr/los'sus, Hyoba- 
sioglossus, Ypseloglos' sus, from 0aai{, ' bas 
y\u>aaa, 'the tongue.' A name formerly given to 
the portion of the hyoglossus which is i 
into the base of the .,- hyoi les. — Riolan, '1 
Bartholin e. See Lingual Muscle. 

BASIO l'HARYNil.K'lS, from 0afft S , 'base,' 
and 0upuy£, 'the pharynx.' A name given tc 
some (ibres of the constrictor pharyngis medius. 

— Winslow. 

I. ISIS, -■■•> Prescription — b. Cerebri, 1'. 
tin' Brain — b. Cordis, Radix cordis — b. Corporis, 


I'.ASSI-COL'ICA. Name of a medicine cora- 
of aromatics and honey. — Scribonius 
BASSIA BUTYRACEA, see Spirit, (Arrack.) 




BASSTN, Pelvis — b. Oculaire, Scaphium ocu- 

BASSINEB, Fove're, to foment. 

BASSINET, Pelvis of the kidney, Ranunculus 

BAS'SORA, GUM. A gum, obtained from a 
plant unknown, which came originally from the 
neighbourhood of Bassora, on the Gulf of Per- 
sia, whence its name. It is in irregularly shaped 
pieces, white or yellow, and intermediate in its 
transparency between gum Arabic and gum tra- 
gacanth. Only a small portion is soluble in 
water. The insoluble portion is a peculiar prin- 
ciple, called Basaorin, It is not used in medi- 
cine ; but bassorin enters into the composition of 
several substances. 

BASSORIN, see Bassora gum. 

BASSWOOD, Tilia Americana. 

BASTARD, Illegitimate. 

BATA, Musa Paradisiaca. 

BATATA DE PURGA. The Brasilian and 
commercial name of the purgative, feculent, and 
gum-resinous roots of two plants of the family 
Convolvulaceae, the one called Jeticucn, Meehoa- 
can, Cuti vol' villas mechoacan'na, the Piptoste'gia 
Piso'm's of Von Martiusj the other Con vol' villus 
opercula'tus, the Ipom&'a seu Piptoste'gia oper- 
cula'ta of Von Martius. 

BATA'TAS. The inhabitants of Peru gave 
this appellation to several tuberous roots, espe- 
cially to Convolvulus Batatas or Sweet Potato. 
Our word, Potato, comes from this. See Solanum 

toral Drops, Bateman's. 

BATERION, Bathron. 

BATES'S ALUM WATER, Liquor aluminis 
compositus — b. Anodyne Balsam, Linimentum 
saponis et opii — b. Camphorated Water, Lotion, 
camphorated, of Bates — b. Collyrium, see Lotion, 
camphorated, of Bates. 

BATH, Anglo-Saxon baS, Bal'neum, Bala- 
ne'um, Baline'um, Loutron, (Old Eng.) Baine, 
(F.) Bain. Immersion, or stay, for a longer or 
shorter duration, of the whole or a part of the 
body, in some medium, as water. Act of plung- 
ing into a liquid, sand, or other substance, in 
which it is the custom to bathe, Plunge Bath. 
Also, the vessel in which the water is put for 
bathing. Also, a public or private establishment 
for bathing. The common water-bath, used for 
h}'gienic as well as for therapeutical purposes, is 
the Bain sitn])le ou hygienique of the French. 

In Pharmacy, a vessel, placed over a fire, and 
filled with any substance, into which another 
vessel is placed, containing matters for digestion, 
evaporation, or distillation.. 

Bath, Acid, Bal'neum ac' f idum (Acid, muriat. 
Ibij ; Aquce cong. lxvi. One half, one third, or 
one fourth the quantity of acid is more frequently 

Bath, Acid, Scott's, see Scott's Acid Bath — 
b. Air, hot, see Bath, hot — b. Air, warm, see 
Bath, hot. 

Bath, Al'kaline, Bal'neum alkali' num. This 
may be made of half a pound or a pound of pearl- 
ash or of carbonate of soda, to sixty-six gallons 
of water. 

Bath, An'imal, Balneum anirna'le, consists in 
wrapping an animal recently killed, or its skin, 
around the body, or some part of it. 

Bath, Antipsor'ic, Bal'neum antipso'ricum. 
Recommended in cases of itch and other cuta- 
neous diseases. (Potass, sulphur et. £iv, Aquce 
cong. lx.) 

Bath, Antisyphilit'ic, Bal'neum antisyphilit'- 
icum, llercu' rial bath. Made by dissolving from 
two drachms to an ounce of the corrosive chloride 
of mercury in sixty gallons of water. 

Bath, Arm, Brachilu'vium. A bath for the arm. 

Bath, Cold, see Bath, hot — b. Cool, see Bath, 

Bath, Dry, is one made of ashes, salt, sand, 
&c. The ancients used these frequently for the- 
rapeutical purposes. 

Bath, Earth, Arenatio. 

Bath, Elec'tric, (F.) Bain elcctrique, consists 
in placing the person upon an insulated stool, 
communicating, by a metallic wire, with the 
principal conductor of the electrical machine in 
action. The Electric Bath produces general ex- 
citement of all the functions, and especially of 
the circulation and secretions. 

Bath, Foot, Pedilu'vium, (F.) Bain de Pied, 
a bath for the feet. 

Bath, Gelat'inous, Bal'neum gelatino'sum. 
Made by dissolving two pounds of gelatin or glue 
in a gallon of water. A gelatino-sulphurous bath 
may be made by adding a pound of glue, previ- 
ousl)'' dissolved in water, to the sulphur bath. 

Bath, General, (F.) Bain Entier, is one in 
which the whole body is plunged, except the 
head; in contradistinction to the partial bath, 
Merobalane' um, MerobaV neum. 

Bath, Half, Semicu'pium, Excathis'ma, lu- 
ces' sio, Inces'sus, is one adapted for half the body. 
One, for receiving only the hips or extremities, is 
also so called. 

The Sitz-bath, (G.) Sitzbad, of the hydropa- 
thists is a tub of cold water, in which the patient 
sits for a variable period. 

Bath, Hand, Manulu'vium, (F.) Bain de Main 
ou Manuluve, is a bath for the hands. 

Bath, Head, Capitilu'vium, (F.) Bain de Tete 
ou Capitiluve, a bath for the head. 

Bath, Hip, Coxcelu'vium, (F.) Bain de Fau- 
teuil, Bain de Siege, is one in which the lower 
part of the trunk and upper part of the thighs 
are immersed. 

Bath, Hot, Balneum Cal'idum, Zestolu'sia, 
(F.) Bain chaud, is a bath, the temperature of 
which is 98° and upwards; the Warm Bath 
from 92° to 98°; the Tepid Bath, (F.) Bain 
Tiede, Balneum tep'idnm, from 85° to 92° ; the 
Temperate Bath, (F.) Bain tempere, from 75° 
to 85°; the Cool Bath, (F.) Bain frais, from 
60° to 75°; the Cold Bath, Balneum frig' idnm, 
Frigida'rium, (F.) Bain froid, Bain tres froid, 
(of 'some,) from 30° to 60°; and the Vapour 
Bath, Balneum vapo'ris, (F.) Bain de Vapeur, 
Etuve Humide, from 100° to 130°, and upwards. 
See Vaporarium. A Warm Air Bath, or Hot 
Air Bath, consists of air the temperature of 
which is raised. 

Bath, Med'icated, Balneum Medica'tum, (F.) 
Bain medicinal, is a bath, formed of decoctions 
or infusions of vegetable substances, or of any 
ingredient, introduced into the water for thera- 
peutical purposes. 

Bath, Mercurial, Bath, antisyphilitic — b. 
Nitro-muriatic acid, Scott's acid bath — b. Plunge, 
see Bath. 

Bath, Sand, Balneum Are'nce, (F.) Bain de 
Sable, consists of a vessel filled with sand, and 
placed over the fire. Into this vessel, the one is 
put which contains the substance to be evapo- 
rated. See Psammismus. 

Bath, Sea, Balneum mari'num, (F.) Bain de 
mer. A sea-water bath. 

Bath, Shower, Implu' 'vium, Hydroco'ninm, is 
one in which the water is made to fall like a 
shower on the body. See Douche. 

Bath, Sitz, see Bath, half. 

Bath, Steam, may be formed by introducing 
steam into a properly closed vessel in place of 
water, as in the water bath. 

Bath, Succession, Transit" ion bath. A term 




applied to the rapid succession or transition from 
a cold to a warm or hot bath, or conversely. — 
Hath. Sulphite, Bal'neum Sulph'uria, & 

A bath much used in psora, and 

oilier rhronia cutaneous affections. It may be 

Composed of two ounces of diluted sulphuric aeid. 

and eight ounce* of solphnret of potassium added 

: or simply of the sulphurct of po- 

l . • 'Mil. 

. Sclphub Vapour, see Sulphuroo 

:. Tan. Ail astringent bath, prepared. ;it 
times, by bulling two or three handfuls ol 
oak. bark, — such as is nsed by tanners — in two 
or three quarts of water, for half an hoar, and 
: the decoction to the water of the 

Bath, TbmpbrJlTB, see Bath, hot — h. Tepid. 
. Transition, Bath, succession — 
8 Bath, hot, and Vaporarium — b. 
Warm, Bee Bath, 

. Water, Balneum Mar*ia sen Maria, 
tin Marie, in chemistry, consists of a ves- 
sel filled with boiling water, or salt water, in 
which the vessel is placed, that contains the sub- 
Btance to be evaporated. 

Bathing is much employed in the treatment of 
The cold hath, especially the cold sea 
bath, is a sedative and indirect tonic: the warm 
relaxant; and the hot hath a stimulant. 
regular use of the hath is extremely con- 
ducive to health : hut if too much indulged in, i: 
injurious effie ■■ -. 
BATH VLU M B l> 11 1 N (i S, see Virginia. 
Miner:.! Wal 

Batko'nia vel Bad'iza, Aqua Solia, Aqua Bad'- 
igua. Celebrated thermal springs at Bath, in 
England. They contain hut little impregnation, 
and are chiefly indebted to their temperature, 
from 11J° to 117° Fahrenheit, for their utility. 
The main ingredients are sulphate of lime, chlo- 
ride of sodium, sulphate of soda, carbonate of 
lime, protoxide of iron, free carbonic acid and 

rs are employed in the most hetc- 
rogene rviceable where the 

simple thermal Bprings are indicated, as in rheu- 
matism, paralysis, 

BATB SPRINGS, in Berkley County. Vir- 
ginia, irbonated water: temperature 
r. It i< a useful bath in cutaneous affec- 
■ ■ contain some of the - 
linn- and magnesia. 

BA'THER, same etymon; Balnea'riue, Bali- 

•■ a'tor, | F.) Baigneur. One who 

bathes. Anciently, the name was given to those 

that administered baths to the diseased,-— the 

the French. At the present day. in 

remote districts in Germany, the country people 

call their medical practitioners B&der or 'bath- 

h eeren or 'army bar 


BATHMIS, lint),,,,,;-. '.port.' The 

cavity of a b me, which receives the eminence of 

another; and especially the two Foaaettea at the 

inferior extremity of the humerus into which the 

i • s of the ulna are received, during the 

flexion and extension of the fore-arm. 

BATHRON, Unthn mi Hippoc'rati*, Scamnum 
Hippnc' rati*, Bate' Hon, 'a Btep, a ladder. 
lh,„< d'Hlppocrate. An instrument, used for the 
extension of a limb, in cases of fracture or luxa- 
tion. The des 'ription of it is found in I 
Oribn \\n >tus, with a figure. 

BATIA, Retort. 

three leagues from Clermont, in France. 
The water is tepid, and contains subcai 
and sulphate of so, la. Milphatcs of lime and iron, 

muriate of magnesia, and carbonate of lime. 

B '. i OS, Rubus rdseus. 

BATRACH1 S, Ran u la. 

B '. 1 rALISM'US, Battarie'mue, from fiamot- 
£a»<. 'to Btammer.' Balbuties. Stammerii 
incapacity t-> pronounce I 

BATT'ALUS, Bat'tarva, same etymon. A 
stammerer, a stutterer. 

BATTARISMUS, Battalismus. 
! MM "S. Battalus. 

BATTATA VIRGINIANA, Solanum tubero- 

BATTE3fENS DOUBLES, see Bruit du 
Caur foetal 

BATTEMENT, Pnlsation. 

Baudricourt is a town of Fiance, two leagues 
and a half from Mirecourt. The waters are sul- 


BAUHIN, VALVE OP, Valve of Tui/pius, 
V. of Fallo'ph s. F. of Varo'i tus, 
Valve, Ileo-colic Valve, Val'vula llei, Val'vula 
Goli, V. Gad, Operculum llei, Sphincter lUi. 
This name is given to the valve situate trans- 
versely at the place where the ileum open.- into 
im, and which Bauhin says be discovered 
at Paris, in 1759. It had. however, been pre- 
viously described by several anatomists; as by 
Vidus Vidius, Postius, etc. 

BAUME, Balsam— 6. d'Ader, Balsam, chaly- 
beate — b. d'AiguilUa, Balsam, chalybeate — b. 
(TAmirique, see Toluifera balsamum — b. Apo~ 
plectique, Balsam, apoplectic — b. d'Areoua, Ar- 
CSBUS, balsam of; see, also, Balsam of An 
i>. (/'Arc' us, Unguentum elemi com posi turn — 
A. Aromatique, Balsam, aromatic — o. Benjoin, 
Benjamin — b. Blanc, see Amyris Opobalsamum — 
b. du BrSeil, Copaiba — b. de Canada, Bee Pinus 
balsamea — b. de Oannelle, Lauras oinnamomnm 
— b. de Carpathie, Balsam of Carpathia — b. de 
Carthaglne, see Toluifera balsamum — b. • 
etantinople blanc, see Amyris opobalsamum — b. 
dt Copahu, Copaiba — b. Cor di ale de Sennerte, 
Balsam, cordial, of Sennertus— b. d'Eau d /'- millea 
ridiea, Mentha crispa— 6. de Feuillet, Balsam, 
green, of Meta — b. de Fioraventi apiritueuae, Bal- 
sam. spirituous, of Fioraventi — b. de Fourcroy on 
de Laborde, Balsam of Fourcroy or Laborde — b. 
dee Funeraillea, Asphaltum — b. de Galaad, see 
Amyris opobalsamum — b. tic Geneviive, Balsam 
of (ienevicve — b. Grand, Tanacetum balsamita 
— b. du Grand ('aire, see Amyris opobalsamum 
— b. Hydriodate", Balsam, ioduretted — b. 11 
que, Balsam, Hypnotic — /,. Hyatirique, Balsam, 
hysteric— 6. dea hides, see Myroxylon Peraiferam 
—b. fodurS, Balsam, ioduretted — //. dea .hud l,,*, 
.Mentha viridis— 6. de Lneatel, Balsam, Lucntelli's 
— b. Ma andra — Mot 

phaltum— 6, Nervin, Balsam, nervous — b. de 
Perou,aee Myroxylon Peraiferam— 6. rf< - 
Thomas, see Toluifera balsamum—/,. du Soman- 
tain, lJalsam of the Samaritan — b. Saxon, !.. 
Saxon — 5. de Suufre, Balsam of Bulpl ur 
Sympathie, Balsam of .sympathy—/,. TranquilJe, 
Balsam, tranquil — b. de To dfera 

balsamum — b. de Vanille, Vanilla- 
Fagaraoctandra— 6. Vertdt Metx, Balsam, green, 
; . • Vu tt Hoffmann, Balsam of Life, 
:ann — b. de Vu de Leliivre, Tinctura 

mposita — O. Vrai, see Amyris opobal- 
samum—//. Vulnerairt de Minderer, Balsam, vul- 
nerary, of Mindereras. 
'7/7,'. Bali 
BA1 !;'■'. (Arab.) Nitre, or salt in general. 
From this word comes Borax. 




is a village four leagues from Roye, department of 
Sera roe. The waters are strongly chalybeate. 

BA VE (¥.), Sali'va ex orefluena, Spuma, Hu- 
mor Sali'vita. Frothy, thick, viscid saliva, issu- 
ing from thy mouth. This drivelling or slaver- 
ing, we see in children, old people, Ac. The term 
is, also, applied to the frothy liquid, which flows 
from the mouth of rabid animals. Sauvages uses 
it synonymously with salivation. 

JIA VEUX, Baveuse, an epithet, occasionally 
applied by the French to the spongy flesh of a 
wound, which suppurates, and exhibits but little 
tendency to heal. 

BAY, CASTOR, Magnolia glauca — b. Rose, 
Rhododendron chrysanthemum — b. Rose, Ame- 
rican, Rhododendron maximum — b. Sweet, Lau- 
rU s — b. White, Magnolia glauca and M. macro- 

BDALSIS, Sucking. 
BOELLA. Hirudo. 

BDEL'LTUM, My-rrha imperfecta, Bolchon, 
Madeleon, Balchux. A gum- resin, brought from 
the Levant and India, and supposed to be ob- 
tained from a species of Amyris, little known. 
It is solid, brittle, of a deep brown colour, of an 
acrid and bitter taste, and sweet odour. It was 
much vaunted by the ancients, but is now little 
employed. Two different gum-resins have been 
in the shops, distinguished by the names Indian 
and African bdellium. Dr. Royle was informed 
that the former was obtained from Am'yris Com- 
miph'ora, growing in India and Madagascar. 
The latter is said to be from Heudelo'tia Afri- 
ca'na, which grows in Senegal. 

BDELLOM'ETER, from /?<kAXa, 'a leech,' 
(fitieWu), ' I suck,') and ytcTpov, ' measure.' An in- 
strument, proposed as a substitute for the leech ; 
inasmuch as we can tell the quantity of blood ob- 
tained by it, whilst we cannot by the leech. It 
consists of a cupping-glass, to which a scarifica- 
tor and exhausting syringe are attached. 
BDESMA, Flatulence. 
BDOLUS, Fart. 

BEAD TREE, Melia Azedaraeh. 
BEAL. Phlegmon, to Suppurate. 
B HALING, Pregnant. 

BEAN, CARTHAGENA, Habilla de Cartha- 
gena — b. Egyptian, Nymphrea nelumbo — b. 
French, Phaseolus vulgaris — b. Garden, com- 
mon, Vieia faba — b. Indian, Catalpa — b. Kidney, 
Phaseolus vulgaris — b. Malacca, Avicennia to- 
mentosa — b. Pontic. Nymphaea nelumbo — b. 
Red, Abrus precatorius — b. Sacred, Nelumbiurn 
luteum — b. St. Ignatius's, Ignatia amara — b. 
Tonka, Dipterix odorata — b. Tree, Catalpa — b. 
Tree, white, Crataegus aria. 

Bkan Trkfotl Tree, see Cytisine. 
B BARBERRY, Arbutus uva ursi. 
BEARD. (Sax.) bearit), (G.) Bart., Barba, 
Pogou, Genei'on, Barbi'tiam, (F.) Barbe. The 
hair which covers a part of the cheek, the lips, 
and chin of the male sex, at the age of puberty. 

BEAR'S BREECH, Acanthus mollis— b. Foot, 
Helleborus foetidus — b. Fright, Heptallon gra- 
veolens — b. Grass, Yucca filamentosa — b. Whor- 
tleberrv. Arbutus uva ursi. 

BEAR WE ED, Veratrum viride. 
BEASTINGS, Colostrum. 
BEASTLINGS, Colostrum. 
Beaugency is a quarter of a league from Orleans. 
The waters contain subcarbonate of soda, iron, 
magnesia, and lime. They are tonic and aperient. 

BEAUMONT ROOT, Gillenia trifoliata. 

waters are chalybeate. Beauvais is in Picardie, 

BEAVER, Castor fiber— b. Wood, Celtis occi- 
dentalis, Magnolia glauca — b. Tree, Magnolia 
glauca, M. macrophvlla. 

BEBEERIA, see Bebeeru. 

BEBEERINE, see Bebeeru. 

BEBEERU, Stpeeri. A tree of British Gui- 
ana, which yields two alkalies — Bebeeriue, Bebee'- 
rina, Bebee'iia or Biberine, and Sipeerine ; and 
in its properties resembles the Cinchonas. It has 
been referred to Nectan'dra Rodiei. Ord. Lau- 
rineaa. The timber of the tree is known to ship- 
builders by the name bibiru or green -heart. The 
Sulphate of Bebeeria has been employed in inter- 
mittents. Warburg's Fever Drops, Tinctii'ra au- 
tifebri'lis Warbur'gi, an empirical antiperiodic 
preparation, have by some been considered to be 
a tincture of the seeds of the Bebeeru, but this is 

BEG, (F.) Rostrum, Beak. This name has been 
applied f> various parts. 

BEG GORACO'JDIEN, (F.) Cor'acoid beak, is 
the end of the coracoid process. 

BEG BE CUILLER, Ham'uUut. An instru- 
ment used for the extraction of balls. It consists 
of an iron rod, 7 or S inches long, having at one 
extremity a small cavity, into which the ball is 
received to be drawn outwards. See Cochleari- 

BEG DE GRUE MUSQUE, Geranium Mos- 
chatum — b. de Grue Robertin, Geranium Roberti- 
anum — b. de Lievre, Harelip. 

Beak of the Calamus Scripfo'rius, is a small cavity 
at the superior part of the medulla oblongata, 
which forms part of the 4th ventricle. 

is six leagues from Rouen, in Normandy. The 
water is strongly chalybeate. 

BECCABUNGA, Veronica Beccabunga. 

EECHiESTHE'SIS, from M, $r, X os, 'cough/ 
and atcrGnaig, 'sensation.' The excitement or de- 
sire to cough. 

BECHIA, Tussis. 

BECHIAS, Tussis. 

BE'CIIICS, Be'chicn, Beclict, Bec'chiea, Be f - 
chita, from /?>;£, 0r)X°s> ' cough,' (F.) Bechiques. 
Medicines adapted for allaying cough. 

BECHITA, Bechic. 

BECHIUM, Tussilago. 


BECUIBA, Ibicuiba, 

BED, HYDROSTATIC, Water bed — b. Water, 
Arnott's, see Water bed. 

BED'EGAR, Bedeguar, Bedeguard, Spon'gia 
Cynos'bati, Fungus Rosa' rum, F. Cynos'bati, (F.) 
Pomme mousscuse, Eponge d'eglautier. An ex- 
crescence, which makes its appearance on dif- 
ferent species of wild roses, and which is pro- 
duced by the puncture of a small insect, — Cy- 
nips Roscb. It was formerly employed as a 
lithontriptic and vermifuge, but is not now used. 
It was slightly astringent. 

ford is a village, situate on the great Western 
Turnpike road from Philadelphia to Pittsburg, a 
few miles east of the chief elevation of the Alle- 
ghany mountains. The " Springs" are about a 
mile and a half from the village. They are saline 
and sulphureous. The most celebrated — the 
" Mineral Spring" or " Anderson's Spring" — con- 
tains carbonic acid, sulphate of magnesia, chlo- 
rides of sodium and calcium, and carbonate of 
iron, but none of these articles in great quan- 
tity j hence, the main action of the waters is diu- 


1 2 3 


retic. At some distance from the - 
u a chalybeate water: and about 10 mil 
of Bedford, at Milliken's >ng sulphure- 

ous Bpring. The olimate of Bedfoi 

tie. During the heat of sumta 
nights ol. In the mon 

July 1 \, 1853, the author marked the thermome- 
ter, at the o'cl .. A.M., at 4,'>°. Three days 
• er, it was at 7t)° at the same hour. 

BEDL \M. M irotrophium. 


BEDSTRAW, Galium Terum— b. Ladles, 
neater, Qalium, mollago, Galium veruin — b. 
Rough, Galium asprellum — b. Ladies, rough, 
Galium asprellum. 

'. Melifta, (P.) AbeilU. This ins 
formerly exhibited, when dried and powdered, as 
a diuretie. 

Bee in tiii: lluwr.r, see Insanity. 


BEECH, Fagua sylvatica— b. Drop.Orobanohe 
Virgin iana — b. Drops, false, Hypopitya lanugi- 

r >spora Andromedea. 

Bl -vlvatica. 

BEEDY'S V.\ ES, Viola tricolor. 

BEEF !> Beef tea. 

Beef Tux, Jma boot' hhtu. An infusion of beef, 
much used in debilitating maladies, and in oon- 
nce. It may be made as follows: Take 
two pounds and a half of lean bee/: cut it, in 
small pieces, into three parts of water in an earthen 
pipkin : let this simmer, hut never boil, until the 
liquor is consumed to a pint and a half: then 
strain carefully. It ought to he entirely free 

tonic and 


from fat or grease.— Dr. E. J. Seymour, 

beef— tut it has been called— may be 

made by putting a pound of good beef, freed from 
fat. and cut into small pieces, into a porter-bot- 
tle, corking lightly. The bottle must be put into 
_ water, and kept there until the water has 
g at lea.-t half an hour. As the boil- 
. the cork may be inserted a little 
more tightly, to retain the contents of the bottle, 
are thus separated, and 
.' which may lie seasoned 
to r -" taste. I- contains much nutriment. 
BEEN, Centaurea lichen. 

BEER, (Yrevisia — b. Blaok, see Falltranck— 
Chowder — b. Pipsissewa, see 
Pyroia umbcllata. 

Beer, Jews', See Pinus pylvestris— b. Springs, 
see Water. Mineral (gaseous.) 

Beer, Sp -,; h> may be 

prepared as follows. Take of /.'-.. ,, , of Spruce, 
half a pint; Pimento, bruised: Ginger, bruised; 
Hppe, of each, four ounci three gallons! 

Boil for five or ten minutes; strain, ami 

• gallons; yeast, a pint: mohxa- 
pints. Mix and allow to ferment fortwenty 
hours. Used as an agreeable drink in summer.' 
. T vii, see Pinus sylvestris. 

STINGS, Colostrum. 
BEBTLEWEED, Galas uphylla. 
BE , UEMENT, Balbuties. 

I'.l/.M I.— according to some, Bregma, from 

expectorate after oough- 
lu -- Coughing; also, the ,-putum or expecto- 
rated matti r.— Hippocn 

BEGO'Nl \. 'I a grandiflo'ra and 

• have astringent roots, which are 
used in Peru in cases of hemorrhage, scurvy, low 
fevers, " 

BEiJUK, Pal bus. 

BEHEN ABIAD, Centaurea behen — b. Al 
bum, Centaurea behen—//. Officinarum, Cucu< 
balus behen — b. Rouge, Statioe limonium — b 
Vulgaris, Cucubalus behen. 

BEHMEN ACKMAR, Static* limonium. 

BB1 IHALALEN, Sempervivaoj teetorum. 

BEIDELSAR, Asclepias procer*. 

BEIST, Colostrum. 

BEISTINGS, Colostrum. 

BEISTYN, Colostrum. 

BEJUIO, Hal, ilh. de Carth i 

astringent bark of a Madagascar I 
Thonars and Sonnerat think it may be substi 
tuted for the Simarouba. 

BELADAMBOC. A -volvulus of 

the Malabar coast, which contains an acrid milkv 
juice. From this a liniment is formed with oil 
and ginger, which is used against the bites of 
rabid animals. 

BE-LAHE, Bela-aye. 

BELA-MODAGAM. A kind of Scrfvola of the 
Malabar coast, the haves of which are considered 
diuretie and emmenagogue. 

BELANDBE, (F.) A litter, surrounded with 
curtains, in which patients are sometimes carried 
to hospitals. 

BELCHING, Eructation. 

BELD. Athrix. 

BELEMNOID, Belenoid. 

l.KbEMXOILESPllOCESSUS, Styloid pro- 

orBEL'OID, BeUnoVdea or BelemnoVdea Pro- 
eee'ana, from jh\o;, 'an arrow,' and urns, 'shape. 1 
This name has been jriven to styloid processes 
in general — Proceanta beleno'i'dea, 

BELESME, see Bellesme. 

BELESON, Balsam, Mussssnda frondosa. 

BELILLA, Mussssnda frondosa. 

BELINUM, Aidum (Jraveolens. 

BELI 0CULU8, Belloculus. 

BELL, CANTERBURY, Campanula trache- 

BELLADONE, Atropa belladonna. 

BELLADON'NA, in the Pharmacopoeia of the 
United States, is the officinal name of the leaves 
of Atropa Belladonna. ' 

Pi:u..yi>onna BACCIPBRA, Atropa belladonna— 
b. Trichotoma, Atropa belladonna. 


BELLE-BLOME, Narcissus pseudo-narcissus. 

BELLE DAME, Atropa belladonna. 

BELLEGU, Myrobalanus. 

BELLEREGI, Myrobalanus. 

Bellesme is about three leagues from Montague, 
in Franco. The waters are chalybeate 

waters at Belley, department of Ain, in France, 
are saline aperients. 

BELLFLOWER, Narcissus pseudo-narcissus 

PELLIDOIDES, Chrysanthemum leueanthe- 
| mum. 

BELLIS, Bellua, (< pretty/) Bettia per en' via 
sen minor sen korten'aie, Sym'phytum min'imwn. 
wort, Common Dai ay, (So.) Ewe-goumn, 
(Prow) Baimworta, (F.) Paquerette vivace, petite 
Marguerite, Ord. Composites. The leai 
flowers are rather aorid. They were, al onetime, 
considered to oure different species of wounds! 
mitopsis asteriseoides. 

Bellis Ib.iMi sms Bellis— b. Major. Chrysan- 
themum leucan them urn — b. Minor. Bellis b. 

Perennis, BeUis — b. Pratenaia, Chrysanthemum 
leucan themum. 

BELLIT, Athrix. 

BELL METAL, CVWo*, (F.) Airain, Mital 
dc* ciochc*. An alloy of copper, zinc, tin, and a 




small quantity of antimony, used for making 
bolls. The mortars of the apothecary are often 
formed of this material. They require to be kept 
clean, to avoid the formation of verdigris. 

BELLOCULUS, Beli Oo'ulua. A kind of gem, 
which the Assyrians considered efficacious in the 
cure of many diseases. They imagined that the 
figure of an eye could be seen in it, and hence its 
name, Bel's Eye, from the god Bel. 

BELLON, Colic, metallic. 

BELLOTAS, see Ilex major. 

BELLOWS' SOUND, Bruit de soufjlet — b. s. 
Encephalic, see Bruit de soufflet. 

Bellows' Sound, Funic, a single murmur of 
the bellows kind, synchronous with the first sound 
of the heart; heard by some observers, and re- 
ferred by them to diminished calibre of the um- 
bilical arteries, either by pressure or stretching 
of the funis, or both. 

Bellows' Sound, Placental, Bruit placen- 

BELLWORT, SMALLER, Uvulariaperfoliata. 

BELLY, Venter, from Ir. bolg, 'the belly, a bag 
or pouch' [?]. At the present day, the abdomen. 
Formerly, all the splanchnic cavities Were called 
bellies ; — the lower belly, venter in'fimus, being 
the abdomen; the middle belly, venter me'dius, 
the thorax ; and the upper belly, venter supre'mus, 
the head. Also, the womb. See Venter. 

BELLY-ACII, Colica, 

Belly-ach, Dky, Colica metallica. 

Beley-ach Root, Angelica lucida. 

BELLY-BAND, Belt, Russian. 

BELLY-BOUND, Constipated. 

BELLY-GOD. Glutton. 


BELLY, POT, Physconia. 



BE LLY-W ARK, Colic. 

BELMUSCIIUS, Hibiscus abelmoschus. 

BELNILEG, Myrobalanus. 

BELOID, Belenoid. 

BELOIDES PROCESSUS, Styloid processes. 

BELONE, Needle. 

BELONODES, Styloid. 

BELONOID, Belenoid. 

BEL'S EYE, Belloculus. 

BELT, RUSSIAN, Ventra'le — vulgarly, Belly - 
band, — Abdominal supporter. Abroad bandage 
applied to the abdomen, so as to support, and make 
methodical pressure upon it. Different forms have 
been termed obstetric binders, utero-abdominal 
supporters, &c. 

BELUL'CUM, from fcAo?, 'a dart,' and 'tA™, 
'I draw out.' An instrument used for extracting 
darts or arrows. Many instruments of this kind 
have been noticed by surgeons. — Ambrose Pare, 
Fabricius ab Aquapendente. 

BELZOE. Benjamin. 

BELZOIM, Benjamin. 

BELZOINUM, Benjamin. 

BEN, Guilandina moringa — b. of Judaea, Ben- 
jamin — b. Nut, Guilandina moringa. 

B EX ATH, Pustule. 



natunc — b. de Ventre, see Beneficium naturae. 

BENEFICIUM NATU'R/E, (F.) Benefice de 
hi nature. This term is used by the French pa- 
thologists for cases in which diseases have got well 
without medical treatment. With them, Benefice 
de nature, or B. de venire, is synonymous also with 
Alvi Projlu'vium ; — a spontaneous diarrhoea, often 
acting favourably either in the prevention or cure 
of disease. 

BENEL, Croton racemosum. 

BENEOLENS, from bene, 'well/ and olere, 'to 
smell.' Euo'des, Snaveolens. A sweet-scented 
medicine, as gums, &c. 

BENG, Bangue. 

BENGALE INDORUM, Cassumuniar. 

BENGAL ROOT, Cassumuniar. 

BENGI, Hyoscyamus. 

BENIGN', Benig'nus, Enctli'cs, (F.) Benin, 
Binigne. Diseases of a mild character are so 
called : as well as medicines whose action is not 
violent, as a Benign Fever, Febris benig'na impu'- 
tris, &o. 

BENIN, Benign. 

BEN'JAMIN, corruption of Ben'zoin, Benzo'- 
inum (Ph. U. S.), B. verum, Assa odora'ta seu 
dulcis, Benjui, Benjuin, Asa or Ben'jaoy, Beujo'- 
inum, Be/zoe, Belzoim, Ben'zoe, Sty'racis Bcnzo'- 
ini Bal'samum, Liquor Cyreni'acus, Croton Ben- 
zol, Ben of Judce'a, Acor Benzo'inus, Std Ac" idum 
seu essentia'le seu volat'ile Benzols, (F.) Benjoin, 
Baume Benjoin, Assa donx. A resinous, dry, 
brittle substance, the concrete juice of Styrotx 
Benzoin, Arbor Benivi, Laurits Benzoin, of Su- 
matra. The odour is extremely fragwnt, and 
taste slightly aromatic. It is principally used 
for the preparation of the acid which it contains. 
It is also employed in some vulnerary tinctures, 
and as an expectorant. Benzoic Acid, Ac" idum. 
Benzo' icum, is obtained from it by sublimation. 
The purest Benjamin is in amygdaloid masses: 
hence called (F.) Benjoin amygdalo'ide. 

Benjamin Bush, Laurus benzoin. 

Benjamin, Flowers op, Ben'zoic Acid, Ac"~ 
idum Benzo' icum seu Benzoylicum, Flores Benzols 
seu Benzo'ini, Ac"idum Benzo'ienm per sublima- 
tio'nem, (F.) Acide Benzoique, Fleurs de Benjoin. 
This acid exists in all the balsams, but chiefly in 
Benzoin, from which it is obtained by sublima- 
tion. It is in vanilla, canella, the urine of in- 
fants, and of herbivorous animals. Its odour is 
aromatic and fragrant; taste hot, slightly acidu- 
lous, and agreeable. The crystals consist of 
white, satiny flakes, slightly ductile. It is pro- 
bably stimulant; and has been used, as such, in 
chronic catarrh; but it has little efficacy. 

BENJAOY, Benjamin. 

BENJOIN, Benjamin. 

BENJOINUM, Benjamin. 

BENJUI, Benjamin. 

BEN MOENJA. A Malabar tree. An alexi- 
pharmic decoction is made of its roots, in the 
country, which is much praised in cases of malig- 
nant fever. Its bark, boiled with Calamus aroma- 
ticus and salt, forms a decoction used in bites of 
poisonous serpents. 

BENNE, Sesamum orientale. 

BENNET, HERB, Geum urbanum, and G. 
Virginian urn. 

BENOITE, Geum urbanum — b. Aquaiique. 
Geum rivale — b. des Buisseaux, Geum rivale — 
b. de Virginie, Geum Virginianum. 

BENZENE, Benzole. 

BENZIN, Benzole, see Anaesthetic 


BENZOE, Benjamin. 

BENZOENIL, Vanilla. 

BENZOIN, Benjamin — b. Odoriferum, Laurus 

BEN'ZOLE, Benzin, Benzene, Phene, Hy'dru- 
ret of Phen'yle. A constituent of coal-gas tar, 
obtained by distilling coal naphtha. It is a co- 
lourless, oleaginous liquid, of agreeable odour. 
Sp. gr. 0*85. The vapour, when inhaled, acts as 
an anaesthetic. 

BERBERINE, see Oxyacantha Galeni. 

BERBEKIS, Oxyacantha Galeni — b. Cana- 
densis, see Oxyacantha Galeni. 




BERBINE, Verbena officinal*. 
BERCE, Eleracleum spondylium. 
BKB EN D IROS, Ocyinum basUioum. 
BERENII !•:. Succinum. 
BERENK l I'M. Potasses i 
BE I M, Artemisia vulgaris. 

BERGAMOT', Berg imot'ta, (FA 

A small ora 
n 1 peculiar odour. From its rind an oil, 
iii : I'll. I lined, which 

b employed as a perfume, and sometimes 
in medicine. See Citrus mella r sa. 

BER'IBERI, Berih 'ria, Syn'clonue B 
ri<t. FiiduMtf n' clonu*, Paral'yeie Ber'iberi, from 
! Singhalese Is I dch signifies 

it weakness.' 
This w said to be Hindusthaai 

, :l theep. — Bontius. 1 1 v- ri 1 >^-r i is an In- 
dian disease, little known in Europe. 1 

debility and tremors of the Limbs, — some- 
times, indeed, of the whole body; with painful 
numbness of the affected parts, 4c: — the patient 
walking doubled, and imitating the movements 
of sheep! Some authors have esteemed it rheu- 
matic; others, paralytic; others, to be a kind of 
chorea. It is, almost always, incurable; is rarely 
and is treated by exercise, stimulant fric- 
times called 
. ut this would seem to be a different 

COCCE, Prunus armeniaca. 

BERKLEY SPRINGS, see Bath Springs. 

B Eli 1. E NO VIFL o R A'. Sium. 

BERLUE, Metamorpbopsia. 

tMU'DAS, ( 'LI. MATE OF. Pulmonary 
invalids are occasionally sent to Bermuda, but 
the principal objection to a winter residence 
ther-'. is the prevalence of strong winds: espe- 
cially of the dry, sharp, and e<>ld north -west 
winds, during the winter and spring. Still, it 
affords a good winter retreat for the phthisical, 
from any part of the United States, provided due 
care be selected in choosing a suitable locality. 
The neighbourhood of Hamilton has been strongly 
recommended with this view. 

BERN \KI> THE HERMIT, Cancellus. 

BERRIES, INI'I \X. see Menispermum coc- 
culiir- — -b. Turkey, yellow, see Piper cub 

BERS. A sort of electuary, composed ofpep- 
d of the white hyoscyamus, opium, euphor- 
bium. saffron, Ac. The Egyptians used it as an 
excitant. — Prospero Alpini. 

in Champagne, France. The waters are slightly 

BERUL \. Siurn nodiflorum — b. Augustifolia, 
Sium nodiflorum. 

BE 3 VS \. Ruta. 

BESICLES, Spectacles. 

BESO/N, Want—/., de Reepirer, see "Want— 
- i rv of life. 

BESSANEM. A word used by Avicenna, for 
redn< sa of the skin, limbs, and face,, produced by 
the action of cold. 



BETA. ] SYc'ufo, (P.) Bette, Bctte- 

Family, Cheni p< Pentan- 

dria Digynia. A genus of plants, of which the 
following are the chief variel 

Bl v Hv'miiiiA. Root of Scarcity. Root red, 
Outside; white, within. Very nutritive; yields 
SiiL r ar. 

Hi tv Vuloa'ris Alba, White Beet. The root 
yields Bugar, and the !• itea a* a sub- 

stitute for spinach. 

Hi 'v Vulga/ris Rubra, Red Beet. B 
and nutritive; vields a small quantity of sugar. 

BETAYN E, Betonica officinalis. 

See Gemellus 

BETEL, Piper B>t,l, Chavica betle. A 
of pepper, cultivated in several parts of India. 
The East [ndiana are in the habit of chewing 

the have.- with lime and areca; and they give 

the name Betel to this preparation. It 18 used in 
all the equatorial countries of Asia. Betel is said 
to be tonic and astringent It is also called 
Bitrt . />'■ tit . See Arena. 

BETHROOT, Trillium latifolium — b. Broad- 
leaf, Trillium latifolium. 
/>/.". Dementia. 

BJSTOINE, Betonica officinalis — 6. dee Won- 
. Arnica m on tana — b. (/<.« Savoyai 
nica montana. 

/;/•:'/'/ .V. Colostrum. 

BETONICA AQUATICA, Scrophularia aqua- 

Bbton'ica Officii* a' B. pvrpu'rea, Vet- 

ton'ica, Ceetron, Bet'ony, Wood Betony, (Old 

Bng.) Betayne, Peychot'rophum, Veroni'ca pur- 

- ./. /•, Labial.' 

Didynamia Gymnospermia. Betony was in much 
esteem amongst the ancients, who employed the 
. in decoction, in gout, sciatica, 
cephalalgia, 4c. It was so called, according to 
Pliny, from being in great repute among the Vet- 
tones or Bettones, an ancient people of Spain. 
Antonius Musa is said to have written a volume 
in praise Of it: recommending it in no less than 
■17 different diseases. It has. however, lit 
no virtue. The leaves are said to be aperient, 
and the root emetic. 

IHICA PAULI, Veronica. 

BETONY, Betonica officinalis— b. Paul's, Ly- 
oopus sinuatus, Lycopus Virginicus, Veronica — 
b. Water, Scrophularia aquatica — b.AVood, Beto- 
nica officinalis. 




BET'ULA ALBA, Si^uoVi. The Birch, (Sc) 
Birk, (P.J Bouleau cotntnitn. Order, Betulacess. 
The young 1 slightly odorous, astrin- 

gent, and bitter. They are applied to wounds 
and ulcers. They have been regarded as anti- 
scorbutic and anthelmintic. The tree furnishes 
a saccharine juice, which is considered antiscor- 
butic and diuretic. 

Bbti i. a Emaroinata, Alnus glutinosa — b. Glu- 
tinosa, Alnus glutinosa. 

Betula Lenta, Sweet Birch, Black Birch, 
Cherry Birch, 3 fountain Mahogany, is an Ame- 
rican speciQ8, the bark and leaves of which have 
the smell and taste of Gaultheria procumbens. 
An infusion is sometimes madeof them, and used 
as an excitant and diaphoretic. The volatile oil 
is marly, if not wholly, identical with that of 

BEURRE, Butter— 5. de Bambouc, Butter. of 
banibouc — b. de Cacao, Mutter of cacao — 1>. de 
utter of cocoa — b. VigitaU, Persea gratis- 

Beuvrigny is in the vicinity of Bayeux, in Nor- 
mandy. The water is chalybeate. 


JlKYIi:. Diplopia. 

BEX, Tussis b. Convulsive, Pertussis — b. Hii- 
mida, Expectoration — b. Theriodes, Pertui 


BEXD'GO. Under this name, a purgative 
root was formerly introduced into Europe from 

Peru. It it supposed to have been the root of a 

BE-Z'OAR, Beu'aar, Bet'ehard, Pa'zahar, from 
Persian Pa, 'against,' and ;.<i/i>ir. poison. Lapis 
Bezoar'dicue, Cal'cuiua Bez'oar, Enterot ithuiBe- 
aoar'dut, Bernard. A calculous concretion, found 



in the stomach, intestine?, and bladder of ani- ' 
mals. Wonderful virtue? wore formerly attri- 
buted to these Bezoars. There were two great j 
varieties: the Bez'oar or ienta'le, An'imal Bezoar'- , 
ticum orienta'le, formed in the fourth stomach of | 
the gazelle of India [Gazel'la Tn'diea, or rather 
Antilo'pna cervica'pra:) and the Bez'oar occiden- 
ta'le. Animal Bezoar' 'ticum occidenta'le, found in 
the fourth stomach of the wild (/oat or chamois 
of Peru. These substances were esteemed to be 
powerful alexipharmies : but the former was the 
more valued. It was believed that no poison, 
and no eruptive, pestilential, or putrid di.-ea?e. 
could resist its influence. As so many virtues J 
were ascribed to it, other animal concretions were 
substituted for it; and factitious Bezoards were 
made of crabs' eyes and claws, bruised and mixed j| 
with musk, ambergris, &c. 

Bez'oar Bovi'xum, (F.) Bezoard de Bceuf, Be- \\ 
zoard of the beef. A concretion formed in the || 
fourth stomach of beeves ; also, a biliary calcu- 
lus found in the gall-bladder. 

Bez'oard of the Deer, B. of the Lach'rymal 
Fossa of the Deer, Deer's Tears. A moist, highly 
odorous, fatty matter, found below the anterior 
canthus of the orbit of the red deer — Cervus el'e- 
phas. It has been used, like castor, as an anti- 
spasmodic, in the dose of from 5 to 15 grains, two 
or three times a day. 

Bezoar Equixum, Bezoard of the horse — b. 
Hystricis, Bezoard of the Indian porcupine. 

Bez'oard of Cavmax. This was once much 
prized. It is now unknown. 


Bez'oard of the Chamois, and B. of the j 
Horse, Bezoar equi'num, Hippol'ithus, &c, exhi- I 
bit their origin in the name. 

Bez'oard of the Indian Por'cupixe, Bez'oar ' 
Hus'tricis, Lapis Porci'nus seu Jfalncen'sis, Petro : 
del Porco, (F.) Bezoard de Pore-Epic, was for- ! 
merly the dearest of all the Bezoards. and was 
sold at an enormous price in Spain and Porta- 

Bez'oard, Mixeral, Antimonium diaphoreti- ! 
cum — b. Vegetable, see Calappite. 

BEZOAR'DIC, Bezoar'dicus, (F.) Bezoardique; 
concerning the bezoard. Bezoardic medicines are 
those supposed to possess the same properties 
with the bezoard: as antidotes, alexiteria, alexi- 
pharmics. cordials. 

BEZOARDICA RADIX, Dorstenia contra- 

ceutical preparation, regarded by the ancients as 
antihysteric. It was formed of protoxide of lead, 
butter of antimony, and nitric acid. 

Bezoar'dicum Huma'num. Urinary calculi 
were formerly employed under this name as ! 
powerful alexipharmics. 

Bezoar'dicum Jovia'le. A sort of greenish 
powder, used as a diaphoretic, and formed of an- 
timony, tin, mercury, and nitric acid. 

Bezoar'dicum Luxa're. A medicine formerly 
regarded as a specific in epilepsy, convulsions, 
megrim. &c. It was prepared of nitrate of sil- , 
ver. and butter of antimony. 

Bezoar'dicum Martia'le. A tonic medicine, 
used by the ancients in diarrhoea. It was pre- 
pared from the tritoxide of iron and butter of j 

Bezoar'dicum Mercuria'le. A medicine, > 
formerly vaunted as an antisyphilitic, and pre- 
pared from the mild chloride of mercury, butter 
of antimony, and nitric acid. 

Bezoar'dicum Mixera'le ; the deutoxide of 
antimony ; so called because its properties were j 
supposed to resemble those of animal bezoard. 

Bezoar'dicum Sola're. A diaphoretic medi- 

cine, prepared of gold filings, nitric acid, and 
butter of antimony. 

Bezoar'dicim Yex'eris. A pharmaceutical 
preparation, formerly employed in lepra, diseases 
of the brain, &e. : which was made from filings 
of copper, butter of antimony, and nitric acid. 

BHANG, Bangue. 

BI, as a prefix to words, has the same signi- 
cation as Di. 


BIBERIXE, see Bebeeru. 

BIB IK U, Bebeeru. 

BIBITORIUS. Rectus internus oculi. 

BIBLIOG'RAPHY, MED'ICAL, from (Si,3\iov, 
'a book,' and ypadw, 'I describe.' A description 
or history, or skill in the knowledge, of medical 
books. The most distinguished medical biblio- 
graphers have been: J. A. Van per Linden, 
Amstelod. 1662, octavo, (L.) M. Lipemus, 
Francf. ad Mcex. 1679, fol. (L.) G. A. Mepxk- 
leix. Xorimb. 1686, (L.) J. J. Maxget. Genev. 
1695 to 1731, (L.) Tarix (anatomical). Paris, 
1753, (F.) A. vox Haller, Zurich, 1774. <vc, 
(L.) Vigiliis vox Cruetzenfeld (surgical), 
Vindob. 1781, (L.) C. G. Kuhx, Lips. 1791, (L.) 
C. L. Schweikard fanat.. phvs., and legal medi- 
cine), Stuttgard, 1796 to 1 S00.*(L.) G. G. Plouc- 
quft. Tubing. 1S0S to 1S14, (L.) C. F. Bcrdach, 
Gotha, lSl(fto 1S21, (G.) J. S. Ersch. (since 
1750V Leipz. 1S22, (G.) Th. Ch. Fr. Enslix, 
(of Germany, since 1750.) Berlin, 1S26, (G.) 
J. B. Moxtfalcox, Paris, 1327, (F.) J. Forbes, 
M.D., F.R.S., London, 1835. A. C. P. Calli- 
sex. Copenhagen, 1S45, (G.) E. Morwitz, Leip- 
zig. 1S49. (G.) 

^BrCAUDALI?. Retrahens auris. 

BICAUDA'TUS. Couda'tus, from hi, and cauda, 
'a tail;' 'double-tailed.' A monster having two 

BICEPHA'LIUM, Dicepha'lium. A hybrid 
word, from hi and KtifxiXri, 'head.' Sauvages ap- 
plies this epithet to a very large sarcoma on the 
head, which seems to form a double head. 

BICEPHALUS, Dicephalus. 

BICEPS, from hi, and caput, 'head.' That 
which has two heads. This name has been par- 
ticularly given to two muscles : one belonging to 
the arm, the other to the thigh. 

Biceps Exter'xus Mus'culus. The long por- 
tion of the Triceps Braehia'lis. — Douglas. 

Biceps Flexor Cruris. B. Cruris, Biceps, 
(F.) Biceps Crural, Biceps Fern' oris, Is'chio-fem'- 
oro-perouier — (Ch.) A muscle on the posterior 
part of the thigh : one head arising from the tu- 
berosity of the ischium, and the other from a 
great part of the linea aspera. It is inserted into 
the top of the fibula. It serves to bend the leg 
on the thigh. 

Biceps Flexor Cu'biti, Biceps, B. Bra'chii 
seu manus seu inter' nus seu inter' nus hu'meri, 
Cor'aco-radia'lis, (F.) Scajjulo-radial, (Ch.) — 
Biceps Brachial. A muscle, situate at the ante- 
rior and internal part of the arm: extending 
from the edge of the glenoid cavity and from the 
top of the coracoid process to the tuberosity of 
the radius. It bends the fore-arm upon the arm. 
, BICHE DE MER, Sea Slug. A molluscous 
animal, belonging to the genus Holothuria. which 
is caught amongst the islands of the Feejee group, 
Xew Guinea, &c, and when prepared finds a 
ready sale in China, where it is used as an ingre- 
dient in rich soups. 

BICHET, Terra Orleana. 

BICHICH'LE, probably corrupted from /?>/£, 
prjxog, 'cough.' Pectoral medicines, composed 
of liquorice juice, sugar, blanched almonds, <kc. 
— Rhazes. 

BICHIOS, Dracunculus. 

BICHO, Dracunculus — b. di Culo, Proctocace. 


1 27 


BICTIOS. A Portuguese name for the worms 
that penetrate the I >ple in the I 

and which are destroyed by the oil of the cashew 

I P'lTAL, from bicepa (bi an 1 caput), 'two 
bended.' Relating to the bi 

Bicii lists oo Qouttilrt 

bicipital*, Coulieee kntnirale, (Ch.,) is a I 
dinal groove, litnate between the tuberosities of 
humeri, which Lodges the long head of the 


p'lTAL Tu'BBRCLB, Bicipital tuberoe'itu, 
, ibirorili l>iri/,;ru/.- .- u prominen 
the upper extremity of the radius, to which the 
of the biceps is attaehed. 
Bh : /'/:. DitraehyceroB. 

S'Pl l». Bieuepida'tH*, from ///and ctupie, 
•:.' That which has two points or tuber- 

Bn rs'pin TbetB, /' tpida'ti, (F.) 

The small molares. See Molar. 
BIDDY, Pediculus. 

BIDENS ACMELLA, Spilanthua acmeila, 
BIDET, 1". Bidet; pronounced beeday. A 

small horse formerly allowed to each trooper for 
carrying bis Hence, perhaps, applied' 

to a chamber bathing apparatus, which has to be 
bestridden. It is a useful arrangement, in ease 
of hemorrhoids, prolapsus, ani, affections of the 
sexual orgai 
BIECHO, Bische. 

WERE, Cerevisia — I. Midicinale, see Ccrevi- 
BIESTIN brum. 

BIFURCATION, Bifurcn'tio, from bi and 
furea, «a fork.' Division of a trunk into two 
branches ; as the bifurcation of the trachea, 
morta, itc. 

BIG Ml \T>E, see Citrus aurantiurn. 
BIG ^8TBR, Digastricus. 
BIGBBLLIBD, Abdominous. 
BIG BLOOM, Magnolia macrophylla. 
BIGBONE, see Kentucky, .Mineral Waters of. 
BIGP PUNCHED, Abdominous. 
BIGEMINAL BODIES, Quadrigemina tuber- 

HI'! CAR. A disease of Bengal, remarkable 
for the intensity and danger of the cerebral 
Ens. — Twining. 
BIG I.I' \F. Magnolia macrophylla. 
BIOLES, see Strabismus. 
BIGNO'Nl \ CAPREOLA'TA, /?. erncig"era; 
indigenous. The root and plant are employed, 
irilla, in infusion and decoction, in 
syphilis, ehronic rheumatism, and in cachexia) 

CATALPA, Catalpa — b. Crucigera, B. 

\iv LVmCA. The leaves are employed 
i. as emollients, to ulcers. 

B, Trumpet tree. A South 
Ameri of whieh is the surest an- 

■ -• the manohineel. — Schleiden. 
; : v i . i * - im, Teeoms radieans — b. Sem- 
. inum oitidum. 
BIJ< >N. see Finns syh 
i [, / i "imi ferox. 
1Mb \ i 1' OF ><>!> \. Picromel. 
uiee, two leagues from Thouar, 

! Deux Bdrres, near srb 


i ilphureous spring. Temperature about 77° 

BILBERRY, Vaocinium myrtillus— 1 .. 
Vaecinium vitis ids a. 

BILE, BUitk Felt Chol'oa, Chole, ChoUr, (F.) 

Bile, Fi> 7 . A yellow, greenish, riscid, bitter, 
nauseous flu . by the lii er. \ 

tinguished into hepatic and cyatic; according as 

it flows immediately into the duodenum from the 
iiv'-r or from the gall-bladder. It cot, tain-, ac- 
cording to Muratori, water; a peculiar fatty 
matter; colouring matter Cholepyr'rhin ■ 
jilicr'iii, Mai la Bile 

combined with so, la; picromel or bilin; 
of flesh, mucus; soda, phosphate oi 

phate of lime, and chloride of sodium. 

The use of the bile i- to remove from ti 
superfluous bydro-carbon ; and it is probably in- 
at to useful purposes in digestion. 

BlLB, Furunculus — b. Black. Atrabilis — b. de 

/Inn/, see Bil< /'. L'> /,'int/n, , l,-t-'l'US. 

Bll I 01 i BI Bl \!:. Qall of ! I Urai, 

was thought to be anti-epileptic: and that of the 
Eel, t'-l anguil'la, to facilitate labour. 

BlLB of mi: <>x. Gall of th, Ox, Qall, /'</ 
Tauri sen Bovie seu Bovi'num, (P.) Bile ou Fiel 
on Aster de /;■, m/, was once reputed oosmetia and 

rt. anti-otalgic and « mmei 
well as to possess the power of facilitating labour. 
It has also been given as a bitter stomachic and 
anthelmintic; and as a tonic and laxative, in 
deficiency of the biliary secretion. 

Bn.K 09 Tin: Swim:. Bilia porci'na, inspic 
has been used in the same cases as the bile of 
the ox. 

BIL'IARY, Bilia'ris, Bih'a'riue, Fel'leue, 

(P.) Biliaire. That which relates to Idle. 

BlL'lABY ApPARA'TDS, /!. organ; ll. /, 
The collection of parts that concur in th< 
tion and excretion of bile — viz.. the liver, pori 
biliari or tnbuli biliferi; hepatic, cystic, and 
choledoch ducts, and gall-bladder. 

Bll/lARY CONCRE'TIONS are concretions found 
in some parts of the biliary apparatus. 

Biliary Pitts. Fori biliarii. 

BILIEUX, Bilious. 

BILIA'TION, Bilia'tio; from bilit, 'bile.' 
The excretion of bile; as urination means the 
excretion of urine. 

BILIPUL'VLNEj from bilia, 'bile/ and/W- 
tnu, 'reddish yellow.' The colouring matter of 
of the ox. — Berzelius. 

BILIMBI, Averrhoa bilimbi. 

BILIMBING TERES, Averrhoa bilimbi. 

BILIN, Picromel. 

BIL'IOUS, Bilio'aue, Chol'icva, Chol'ine, FeU 
lin'eua, Epich'oloa, Picroch'oloa, Fel'leua, (F.) 
Bilieux; from bilia, 'bile.' That which relates 
to bile, contains bile, or is produced by bile. An 
epithet given to certain constitutions and disi 
which are believed to be the effect of superabun- 
dance of the biliary secretion; as Bilious tempe- 
rament, B. eymptoma, />'. fever. 

BI LIP IFF. IX. Bee Bile. 

BILIS FLUXIO, Cholera morbus. 

BILITICUS, Cholagogue. 

BILITERD'IN, from bilia, 'bile,' and viridia, 

'green.' On adding an acid to a solution of the 
yellow colouring matter of bile, a precipitate of 
green flocouli takei place, which possesses all the 
properties of chlorophyll, or the green colouring 
matter of leaves. This U the biliverdin of Ber- 


BILOCUL \i;. see Unilocular. 
HI MAN US, from bi and inn mi", 'a hand.' 
Hue that baa two bands. A term applied only 

to man. because he is the t n le maminiferous ani- 
mal thai bands. 
BINDER, Bandage. 

BINDWEED, Polygonum aTiculare— b. Fid- 
dledcaved, Convolvulus panduratus — b. Great, 




Convolvulus senium — b. Hedge, Convolvulus 
sepia m — b. Lavender-leared, Convolvulus Cau- 
tabrica — b. Sea, Convolvulus Boldanella — b. Vir- 
ginian. C mvolvulus pandnratus. 
BINDWOOD, Hedera helix. 
BINKOHUMBA, Phyllantbus urinaria. 
BINOCULAR, Binocula'ris: same etymon as 
the next. Relating to or affeetinjr both eyes — as 
'binocular vision' — vision with both eyes; or from 
impressions made upon both retina?, which are 
amalgamated into single vision. 

BINOC'ULUS, Bin'ocU, Diophthnl'mica Fas'- 
eta, O'-'nlis duplex, from hi and oculus, "an eye.' 
(F.) (Eil double. A bandage applied over both 
eyes. It was also formerly called Diophthal'- 

BIN'SICA. A Rabbinical term for disorder 
of the mind. According to Tax Helmoxt, an 
atropbv of the organ of imagination. 
BIOCHYMIA, Chymistry, vitaL 
BIOD. Vis vitalis. 

BIODYNAM'ICS, Biodynam'ica, Biodynam'- 
ice, Biosoph'ia, from fiios, 'life.' and twa/jug, 
'power.' 'force.' The doctrine of the vital ac- 
tivity or forces. 

BIO^AMTA, Magnetism, animal. 
BIOL'OGY. from Siog. 'life,' and \oyog, 'a de- 
scription.' The doctrine of life or of living bo- 
dies. — Physiology. "Biological phenomena" are 
those presented hy living bodies. 

BIOLYCH'NIO JS,Biolyeh 'n turn, from Piog, 
'life/ and Au^i'tov, 'a lamp.' Innate heat, vital 
heat, animal heat. Lych'nium, Lychnid'ium, 
Thermvm em'phytum, Flamma seu Flam'mula 
vitn'lis seu cordis. Also, a secret preparation of 
which Bronx and Burgrave make mention. 
BIOLYSIS, see Biolvtic. 

BIOLYT'IC, Biolyficus; from piog. 'life,' and 
).v<Tis, 'solution.' Relating to the destruction of 
life. A 'biolytic agent' is one that tends to 
hiol'ysis, or destruction of life. A depressing 
agent. — Sehultz. 

BIOMAGNETISMUS, Magnetism, animal. 
BIONOMY, Physiology. 
BIOS. )Stog. Life. Also, what is necessary for 
the preservation of life. 

BIOSOPHIA, Biodvnamics. 
BIOSTATICS. Statistics, medical. 
BIOTAX'Y, Taxon'omy, from (Jiog, 'life,' and 
ra^ig, 'order, arrangement.' The arrangement or 
co-ordination of living organisms, according to 
their external characters. 
BIOTE. Life. 

BIOTHAN'ATI, Biaiothan'ati, from (3iog, 
'life,' and Savares, 'death.' Those who die of a 
violent death very suddenly, or as if there was 
no space between life and death. 
BIOTIC. Vital. 
BIOTICS, Physiology. 
BIOTOMIA. Vivisection. 
BIOTOS. Life. 

BIPARI'ETAL, Biparieta'lis, (F.) Biparie- 
tal, from bi and parietale (os). 'the parietal bone.' 
An epithet for the diameter of the cranium from 
one parietal fossa to the other. 

BIPARIETAL SUTURE. Sagittal suture. 
BIPIN'NA, from bi, and pinna, 'a wing- 
feather.' A term used by the ancients for a 
diminutive penis, not exceeding in size two 

BIR. Thorax. 
BIRA. Orevisia. 

BIRCH. Betnla alba— b. Black. Betula lenta— 
b. Cherrv. Betula lenta — b. Sweet, Betula lenta. 
BIRD?' BREAD. Sedum acre. 
BIRDS' NEST, Hvpopitvs lanuginosa. 
BIRK. Betula alba. 
BIR III, Parturition — b. Cross, Presentation, 

preternatural — b. Live, see Born alive — b. Plural, 
see Multiparous. 

B1RTHW0RT, Aristolochia— b. Snakeroot, 
Aristolocbia serpen taria. 

BISCHE, Biecho. A malignant kind of dy- 
sentery, which often prevails in the island of 

BISCUIT. Biscoe'tns; lis, 'twice,' and coctus, 
•baked.' (F.) bis and, 'twice baked.' A 
kind of dry, hard bread, or cake, which is va- 
riously made : and, when without eg-* or butter) 
is easy of digestion. It was formerly called L)i- 
pyri'tes, and Di'pyros. Medic"inal or Mkd'i- 
CATED Biscuits. (F.) Biscuits Mfdieinaux, Jlasse- 
pains, Macarons, are occasionally made by add- 
ing to biscuit paste a medicinal solution or 
powder, and baking the mass. 

BISCUIT, MEAT. An alimentary prepara- 
tion, proposed by Mr. G. Borden, Jr., of Texas, 
which consists in combining the matters, ex- 
tracted from meat by boiling, with flour, so as to 
form biscuits : which keep well, and are of course 


BISERMAS, Salvia schirea. 

BISFERIENS, Dicrotus. 

BISH. Aconitutn ferox. 


BISLINGUA, Ruscns hypoglossum. 

B ISM ALVA, Althaea. 

BISMUTH. Autimo'nium album, Chal'citas, 
Luna i mperfec' to , Stan n um glacia'le sen due' renin, 
Bismu'thum, Wismu'thum, Reg'vlus of Bis'muth; 
Marcasi'ta, Tin glass, (F.) Etnin oris, E. de 
Glace. A metal, in spicular plates, of a yel- 
lowish-white colour; s. gr. 9.S22 ; fusible at 4*00° 
Fahrenheit, and volatilizable at a high tempera- 
ture. It is used only in the preparation of the 

Bismuth, Nitrate of, Bismuth, Subnitrate of 
— b. Oxide of. Bismuth, Subnitrate of — b. Oxide 
of. white, Bismuth, Subnitrate of — b. Regulus of, 

Bismuth, Subnitrate of, Bismn'thi subni'tras 
seu A itras, Marcasi'ta alba, Plumbum cine'rcum, 
Magiste'rium Marcasi'ta seu Bismuthi, Bismu'- 
thv.m Xit'ricum seu Subnit'ricum, Nitras Subbis? 
mu'thicum, Calx Vismn'thi, Bismu'thum oxydula'- 
tum album. Bismuth urn album, Subaz'otas bismu 1 - 
ticus. Oxide of Bismuth, Nitrate of Bismuth, 
White Bismuth, Trisuitrate of Bismuth. White 
Oxide of Bismuth. 3Iao"istery of Bismuth, Pearl 
White, Spanish White. (F.) Sousnitrate ou sous- 
azotate de bismuth, Oxide blanc de B.. Blanc de 
fard, Blanc de perle. (Bismuth, in frustulis, Jrj. 
Acid nitric, f^'j- -^q. dc-still. q. s. Mix a fluid- 
i ounce of distilled water with the nitric acid, and 
dissolve the bismuth in the mixture. When the 
solution is complete, pour the clear liquor into 
three pints of distilled water, and set the mixture 
by, that the powder may subside. Lastly, having 
poured off the supernatant fluid, wash the sub- 
nitrate of bismuth with distilled water, wrap it 
in bibulous paper, and dry with a gentle heat. 
Ph. U. S.) It is considered to be tonic and 
antispasmodic, and has been chiefly used in 

Bismuth, Trisxitrate of, Bismuth, sub- 
nitrate of. 

Bismuth, Vai.e'riaxate of, Bismn'thi valeri- 
a'nas, Bismu'thum vdtrian'icum. Prepared by 
mixing a neutral solution of oxide of bismuth in 
nitric acid, with valerianate of soda ; washing, 
and drying the precipitate. Used in gastrodynia, 
chronic gastralgia, neuralgia, and chronic palpi- 
tation, as a nervine. Dose. \ a grain to 2 grains, 
three or four times a day. in pill. 

Bismuth, Mhite, Bismuth, subnitrate of. 


1 29 


BISMUTHI NITRAS, Bismuth, subnitrate 
of— i.. Valeriana*, Bismuth, valerianate of. 

BISMU HUM. i;i>mutli— h. Album, Bismuth! 
aubnitras — b. Nitrioum, Biamath, subnitrate of— 
b. Oxydulatum album, Bismuth, subnitrate of— 
aitrieum, Bismuth, rabnitrate of— b. Vale- 
rian ieum, Bismuth, valerianate of 
BISPIRUS, Dipnoos. 
BISS1 M. Hydrangea arboreecens. 
BISTORT, OFFICINAL, Polygonum bistorta 
— b. \ irginian, Polygonum rirginianum. 
BISTOB : \. 1". rgonum bistorta. 
BISTORTE, Polygonum bistorta. 

1TORT/BR, ( F.) ,\ name given by the 
Pkan ■ wooden pestle at 

reducing soft substances to powder, and in the 
preparation of electuaries. 

B18T0URI, {¥.) Piitorien'rit aWdima, \ 
P el '}^- . BUfi m ■:. A small cutting- 

knife, used in surgery. — so called, aeeording to 
Huet, from the town of Pistori, which « 
merly celebrated for the manufacture of those 
instruments. A bistoury has the form of a small 
knite, and is composed of a blade and a handle. 
The blade, which is most commonly movable in 
the handle, may he fixed by a button. Bpri 
When fixed in the handle, the bistouri is called 
by the French. /;. ,y lame fixe ou dormaute. 

The chief bistouries are: — 1. The STRAIGHT B. 
(F. B. droit, in which the blade and cutting 
edge are straight, the point being fine, round, or 
square. 2. The convex B. (F.) B. convexe ; the 
blade of which is convex at the cutting edge, 
concave at the back. 8. The CONCAVE B. i". 

•he blade of which is concave at it's 
edge, and convex at the back. 4. Blurt-pointed 
B. (F.) B. boutonni; the blade of which has a 
button at its extremity. 5. The BLURT or probb- 
poirted Bistoury of Pott; concave at its cut- 
ting edge, and its point blunt; so that it can be 
carried on the palmar surface of the index fineer 

»n ilii-;.l.. i! : . • . . . ~ . ' 

to divide the stricture, in 

"i. Menyanthes verna — b. Sweet night- 
shade, Solanum Dulcamara— h. Sweet \ 
]lU ^!"}>; l " m - h - W * lfcer '«. Add, carbasotic. 
I'll WB>1*BS8,Amaritu'jdo,Amaririe;A*,a'- 
ror, Pteria, (F.J Aster-tame. A particular belongs to many substances. In some 
B there is a sense of bitterness fell i„ the 

BITTERS, COLUMBO, Tinctura Calumba- 
n. Spirit, Tmctura gentiana oomposita— b. Wine 
\ mum gentians compositum. 

BITTERSWEET, Solanum dulcamara. 

BITTBRWEED, Ambrosia trifida. 


1:1 CTOa A disease, in which the chief symp- 
tom is an acute pain in the anus.— Chomel 

BITUME />/; .Ul>f:i:. Asphaltum. 

BITUMEN, GLUTINOUS, Pissasphaltum- 
b. Judaicnm, Asphaltum— b. of Judsea Isnhal 
torn— b. Petroleum. Petrolaum— b. .Malta Pissn* 
phaltum— b. Salt of, Bitnoben-b. Solidum, As- 

BIVENTER, Digastrieus-h. Cerricis, Com- 
plexus musculus— b. Maxilla, Digastricus 

Ll M, see Lobe, bi ventral 

BIXA AMERICAN \. see Terra Orleana-b. 
Orleana, see Terra Orleana-b. Orellana, see 
Terra Orleana. 

I 'I- M'.K. Wound. 

BLACCLE, Rubeola. 

BLACIA, Debility. 

frnticosus— b. High or Standing, see Rubus fru- 
boosns.— b. Low, Rubus trivialN 

™i™ £2J2 LE ' see Infusum Senn *- 
BLACK DOSE, see Infusum Senna. 

BLACK DRAUGHT, see Infusum Senna. 

BLACK DROP, Gutta nigra. 

BLACK LION. A term given to a sloughing 

modification of this, to avoid wounding the intes- 

ould it come in contact with the ■ 
the knife. His Bistoury bas an edge of not more 
than eighl lines in length, situate about five lines 
from the point. 6. BlBTOOBJ a LA LIVE, (F.) is 
a straight bistoury; the blade fixed in the handle 
the extremity with a button, and the edge made 
with a file. [| is chiefly used for dilating parts 
■ I", i A Bistouri used in ope- 
rating upon Louis XIV.. for fistula in ano. S. 
Ri G 18TRIQDB, f P.) A complicated instru- 
ment, in rented by Morand. for dilating wounds 
of the abdo„ic„. (i. BlBTi . B. herniaire, 

ou AUrape-lourdaud de Biennaite, Forcer* de- 
V curved bi.touri. the blade of which 
1 in a canula, whence it issues on pressing 

.touted „,,;„. fyv u,U tie \,{;:'-L^ "S/'ZBritVbTffi 

•ommended a impAiI <,,fla^«,i 1_ • „ . . 1ULU ^oiuieis 

c; , , ,. ' ' '"""" u, " ai1 nernia. .\vptiilitic ucer, under whic 

'"V^ DM recommended a useful suffered greatly m Portugal 

modification of th a. to avniri .»..j;.. h... :„...„ H *, T . J^ZrJJB rortl if?<H 

a spring. 

The word Butonri is u<ed by the French, at 
tunc-, where we would employ knife 


BITNOBBN, Salt of Bitn'men, Padnoon, So„- 
cherlooti. K\ala mimue. A white, saline sub- 
stance, which i, a Hindoo preparation ol 
antiquity, and has been supposed to be the Sal 
Ofpkalti'ttt and Sal Sodome'ntu of the ancients 
It [fl used by th- Hindoo in the prevention or 
cure ol almost all discs 

BITHNIMAL'CA, GaSteranaz. Twonnmean- 
Ing words, used by Dolaus,to< „ .•„.,„,. 

principle supposed to have it- seat in the stomach, 
a "' 1 I er chymiflcation, Ac 

BITIOS DE KI8, Proctoei 

BITTER, Amarus- b. Bark, Pinckneys pu- 

hens — b. Bloom, Chironia angnlaris— b. Holy 

II, era piora— b. Redberry, Cornus Florida— b! 

Koot, Apocynum wdrosamiftdium, Qentiana 


BLACK ROOT, Aletris farinosa, Pterocaulon 
pyenostachyum, Leptandria purpurea. 
BLACKWATER, Pyrosis., Rubeola. 
BLADD \. Buttermilk. 
BLADDER, Urinary Bladder. 

BL a DO .: R, F a 8 CIC ' OL AT K D. A condition 
of the bladder m which the interior of the 
organ is marked by strong reticulated ridges or 
columns. ° 

Bladder, alt,, see Gall Bladder — b. Irrita- 
ble. Cysterethismus. 

BLADDER, Sac'coLATBO. A condition of the 
W add er, in which the mucous coat protrudes 
through the muscular, so as to produce a hernia. 
which may go on increasing, so as to form a 
pes \eal9atfeul»$ or appen'dix veti'ca 

Bladder, Swik, Air bladder-b. Urinary, see 
I nnaiv Bladder. 

BL LDEBONE, Scapula. 

BLADOCH, Buttermilk. 

m.ADnx SPRINGS. Mineral springs in 

Alabama, about 85 miles fro,,. .Mobile, which ar- 

Baid to be similar in composition to those ofSe^ 

-r.>p,. ami .^p,(-hape.le, of Europe. 

BLAEBERRY, Vaecinium myrtfllua. 

'■I- l. M l \*,w,rsn ihi.jnn. Someautbors hare 
used this word as synonymous with stamn 

• ravages understands by it a 
aeftd in pronunciation, which consists in 
tutingsoft consonants for those that are hard; 
as the a for 8, the ,,,;„.,, .,,,. s f or o and j, Ac. 

' '. ■■,'■. " ; I - ' OMftVail/S, Trau'loUx, (F. 
Me, l>i< ' parlt /•) 





BLJ3SOPUS, see Kyllosis. 
BLJ5SUS. A distortion; especially the out- 
ward distortion of the legs. Also, a stammerer. 
ULAFA11D, (F.) Pal' li due, Pallid' ulus. This 
epithet is sometimes given to the skin, when pale 
ami dull ; but, most frequently, to the flesh of a 
wound, when it has lost its colour, and become 
white. The word is, also, sometimes used syno- 
nymously with Albino. 

BLAIX. (Sax.) ble 5 ene, Bleine. A pustule; a 
botch ; a blister. In Scotland, a mark left by a 
wound : the discolouring of the skin after a sore. 
— Jamleson. 

BLANC D' ARGENT, Piumbi subcarbonas— 
b. de Balti ne, Cetaceum — b. de Cerueae, Piumbi 
subcarbonas — b. de Crems, Piumbi subcarbonas 
— !>. de Fard, Bismuth, subnitrate of — b. de 
Kremnitz, Piumbi subcarbonas — b. de Krems, 
Piumbi subcarbonas — b. de I'CEil, Sclerotic — b. 
d'CEiif, Albumen ovi — b. de Perle, Bismuth, sub- 
nitrate of — b. de Plomb, Piumbi subcarbonas — b. 
de Zinc, Zinci oxvdum. 

BLANC-MANGER (F.), Cibus albas, Leuco- 
pha'gium, Leticoph'agnni, Argyrotrophe'ma. An 
animal jelly, so called on account of its colour, 
combined with an emulsion of sweet almonds, to 
which sugar has been added, and some aromatic. 
It is sometimes prescribed as a nutriment in con- 
valescence and chronic diseases. 
BLAXC-RAISIX, Blanc Rhazis. 
BLAXC RHAZIS, Blanc-raisin. An ointment 
composed of cerusa, white wax, and olive oil. 
BLAXCA, Piumbi subcarbonas. 
BLAXCH, from (F.) blanchir, 'to whiten, 
to bleach.' To whiten by depriving of the outer 
rind: as 'to blanch almonds:' i.e. to peel them. 
BLANCHE T, (F.) A blanket. A term given 
by the French Pharmaciens to the woollen 
strainer through which they filter syrup and 
other thick fluids. See, also, Aphthae. 

BLAXCHIXG, Etiolation — b. of the hair, 

BLAXCXOX ORIBASII, Polypodium filix 

BLAS An unmeaning term invented by Van 
Helmont to designate a kind of movement in the 
body : at times, local, — at others, under extrane- 
ous influence. Thus, he speaks of the Bias mete- 
oros of the heavenly bodies, and the Bias huma'- 
num, that which operates in man. 
Blas Alterativum, Plastic force. 
BLASE, (F.) 'cloyed.' An epithet given to 
one whom the abuse of enjoyment has prevented 
from any longer deriving satisfaction or pleasure 
from it. 

BLAST, Conta'gio, (Sax.) bla r r, (G.) bias en, 
'to blow.' The infection of any thing pestilen- 
tial. The stroke of some sudden plague. 

BLASTE'MA, Blaste'sis, (F.) Blasteme, from 
jSXnoTuvw, •' I bud.' A germ. The sense of this 
word, which is often used by Hippocrates, is ob- 
scure. Castelli thinks it means the eruption of 
some morbific principle at the surface of the body. 
Also, the matrix or general formative element of 

Br.ASTEAfA Pili, see Hair. 

BLAS'TEMAL, Blastema'lis. Relating or ap- 
pertaining to a blastema, — as 'blastemal forma- 
tion?,' those that are formed from a blastema. 
BLASTOCARDIA, see Molecule. 
BLASTODERMA, see Molecule. 
BLATTA BYZAX'TIA, Unguis odora'tus, (F.) 
Blatte de Byzance. This name seems, formerly, 
to have been given to a marine production from 
some of the Conchylia. It had* an agreeable 
smell, a reddish tint, and the shape of a nail. It 
was prescribed in epilepsy, hysteria, and hepatic 
obstructions. Rondelet affirms, that it was the 

production of the shell-fish murex or purpura ; 
and that the name Blatta is derived from the 
Greek (iXarroi, 'purple.' 

BLA VELLE, Centaurea cyanus. 
BLA VEOLE, Centaurea cyanus. 
BLA VEROLLE, Centaurea cyanus. 
BLAWIXG, Swelling. 
BLAWORT, Centaurea cyanus. 
BLAZIXG-STAR, Chamaalirium luteum, Li- 

BLE, Bladnm. This word answers, in France, 
to the word Com in England; i. e. any kind of 
grain employed for making bread. Wheat being 
most commonly used for this purpose, Ble is 
sometimes restricted to this. Ble meteil is a 
mixture of wheat and rye. 

BLE CO R NU,Er got— b. d'Espagne, Zea mays 
— b. d'ltalie, Zea mays — b. Meteil, see Ble — 
b. Noir, Polygonum fagopyrum — b. de Turquie, 
Zea. mays. 

BLE (PARLER,) Bltesitas. 
BLEABERRY, Vaccinium myrtillus. 
BLEACHIXG, Dealbation— b. Liquid, Eau de 

BLEAREDXESS, Lippitudo. 
BLEAR-EYE. Lippitudo. 
BLEAR-EYED, Lippus. 
BLEB. Bulla. 

BLECHXOX, Polypodium filix mas. 
Scolopendrium — b. Squamosum, Asplenium ce- 

BLECHROPYRA, see Blechros. 
BLECHROPYRUS, Typhus mitior. 
BLECHROS, p\r)Xpos, 'weak, feeble, slow.' 
An epithet applied to different affections, and 
particularly to fevers. Hence Blechrop'yra, 'a 
slow fever:' Blechrosphyg' mia, 'a slow pulse.' 
BLED, Corn — b. Avorte, Ergot — b. Farouche, 

BLEDOCH. Buttermilk. 
BLEEDIXG, Bloodletting, Haamorrhagia. 
BLEEDIXG HEART, Cypripedium luteum— 
b. Boist. Cupping glass. 
BLEIB, Bulla. 
BLEJXE, Blain. 

BLEME, (F.) This word has nearly the same 
signification as Blafard. Generally, however, it 
includes, also, emaciation of the countenance. 
BLENC YSTORRHEE, Cystirrhcea. 
BLEXXA, Mucus — b. Xarium, Xasal mucus. 
BLEXXADEXFTIS, from QXsvva, 'mucus,' 
aSrjv, 'a gland,' and itis, denoting inflammation. 
Inflammation of mucous follicles. 

BLEXXELYT'RIA, from (3\ewa, 'mucus/ and 
eXvrpov, 'a sheath.' A discharge of mucus from 
the vagina. Leucorrhcea. — Alibert. 

BLEXXEM'ESIS. Blenno'em'esis, Yom'itm 
pituito'sus, from jiXivva, 'mucus,' and ejects, 
'vomiting.' Vomiting of mucus. 
BLEXXISTH'MIA.from fiXtwa, 'mucus,' and 
ivSfios, ' the gullet.' Increased flow of mucus 
from the pharynx and larynx. — Alibert. 
BLEXXOCHEZIA, Diarrhoea, mucous. 
BLEXXOCYSTIDES, Bursas mucosas. 
BL EN NO C YS Tl TE, Cystirrhcea. 
BLEXXODES, Muciform. 
BLEXXOEMESIS, Blennemesis. 
BLEXXOG"EXOUS, Blennog"enus, Mucific, 
Jfucif'icus, from liXcvva, 'mucus,' and ytwcm), 'I 
II form.' Forming or generating mucus. Breschet 
I and Roussel de Yauzeme describe an apparatus 




of this kind for the secretion of the mucou? mut- 
ter tli. it constitutes the cuticle, composed of a 
glandular parenchyma <>r organ ofseeretion situ- 
ate in the Bubatanee of the true skiii, tad of 
excretory duets, which issue from the organ, 
nnd deposits the mucous mutter between the 

BLENN0IDE8, Unciform. 

BLENNOIDEUS, Muciforra. 


BLENNOPHTH ALMTA, Ophthalmia, (puru- 

BLENNOP'TYSIS, from .iXevva, and Trrvw, 'I 

iteration of mucus. Catarrh. 
BLENNOP'YRA, BUnnopy'ria, from (SXewa, 
and *vp, Mire.' Aiibert has classed, under this 

bead, various fevers with mucous complications; 
•, Adeno-meningeal fever, Ac. 

BLENNORRH LGIA, Gonorrhoea— b. Genita- 
lium. Leucorrhoea — b. Notha, Gonorrhoea spuria 
— h. Spuria, Gonorrhoea spuria. 

BLENNORRHAG"IC, Blenmorrkag"ictu,fi.) 
rrhagiqne, from fiXtvva, 'mucus.' and 
pirywfii, 'I break forth.' Relating or appertain- 
blennorrhagia or gonorrhoea. 

Blbxnorrhagic Epididymitis, Hernia humo- 
ral is. 

spuria — b. (In Gland, Gonorrhoea spuria. 

BL ENNORRHE'E, Blennorrhoea. 


ENNORRHOE'A, Blennor'rkoi, BUnnor- 

rli<iij"i<t, Phlegmorrhus'a, Phlegmorrhag"ia, (F.) 

. from (iXtvva, 'mucus,' and pcm, 'I 

flow.' Inordinate secretion and discharge of mu- 

CU8. Also, Gonorrhoea. 

Blknhorrhoba Chronica, (gleet,) see Gonor- 
rhoea — b. Genitalium, Leucorrhoea — b. Luodes, 
Gonorrhoea impura — b. Nasalis, Corysa — h. Oculi, 
see Ophthalmia — h. Oculi gonorrhoica, see Oph- 
thalmia — b. Oculi neonatorum, see Ophthalmia — 
b. I >«■ ul i purulenta,see Ophthalmia — h. Urethralis, 
Gonorrhoea, Cystorrhoea— b. Ventriculi, Gastror- 
b. Vesicae, Cystorrhoea. 

BLENNG'SES, from $Xtwa, 'mucus.' Aflec- 
• the mucous membranes. — Aiibert. 

BLENNOTHORAX, Catarrh, Peripneumonia 
notha — 1). Cbronieus, Asthma humidum. 



BLENNURIA, Cystorrhoea. 

BLEPHARADENITIS, ophthalmia Tarsi. 

tft gangrano' na, Carbnncula' tio Oc'uli. Gangre- 
'. (lamination of the eyelids. 



BLEPHARIDOPLA8TIC B, Blepharoplastice. 


BLEPHAB LTIS, (inflammation of the eyelids,) 
Ophthalmia tar.-i — b. Gan gram osa, Blepharan- 

purulenl — b. Neonatorum, see ophthalmia (pu- 
rulenta infantum, i 

roeyndeemi'tie, from liXtdtapov, 'an eyelid,' con- 
junctiva, and itie, denoting inflammation. Oph- 
thalmia affecting the conjunctiva and eyelids. 

BLEPHARODY8CHRQ2'A, from p\i<papov, the 
.* cv;, 'with difficulty,' and XP° a > * <-<>!< >m r.* 
•ration of the eyelid. Nsbvui of the eye- 
lid. — Von Amnion. 


BLEPHARON, Palpebra— b. Atoniaton, Ble- 

BLEPHARONCO'SIS, BlepUron'au, /:'■ 
pkarvphy'tna, Pulpebra'ntm Tumor, froua fiXcfa- \ 

pov, 'eyelid,' and oyKt>s, 'tumour.' A tumour of 
the eyelid. 

BLEPHARONCUS, Blepharoncosis. 

BLEPHAROPHIMO'SIS, from pXs+apw, 'the 
eyelid.' and ftpvt, "a cord.' Congenital diminu- 
tion of the space between the eyelids. — Amnion. 

Bee l'.lepharostenosis. 

BLEPHAROPTB U.MIA. Ophthalmia tar.-i 
— b. Neonatorum, see Ophthalmia — b. l'urulcnta, 

BA, Ophthalmia, purulent, of infants. 

BLEPHAROPHYMA, Blepharoncosis, 


Tnnit" in Cilio'mm, Bleph'aroplanty, from @Xupa- 
j,dv. 'the eyelid,' and rAMTtirvf, 'forming,' • form- 
ative.' The formation ofa new eyelid. 

BLEPHAROPLEGIA, Blepharoptosis. 

BLEPHAROPTO'SIS, BUphuropWgia, Cant* 
pal'pebra euperio'rie, Delop'mt sen Prolap'eu* 
sen Propto'sie sen Pto'tit pal'pebra, Atoniaton 
blepharon, from (iXtQapov, 'the eyelid,' and ttwoi;, 
'fall.' A falling down of the upper eyelid over 
the eye, caused by a paralysis of the Levator 
palpebra euperiorit muscle. This paralysis is 
an unfavorable symptom, as it is generally con- 
nected with a state of the brain favouring apo- 
plexy or palsy. 

BLEPHAR0PTO8I8 EcTBOPIOTf, Ectropium — b. 
Entropion, Entropion. 

mia purulen'ta, Pyorrhos'a pal'pebra, from ,3Aty- 
apov, 'eyelid/ nvov, 'pus,' and peu), 'I flow.' Se- 
cretion of pus from the eyelids. 

BlbpharopyorrhogA NEONATORUM, see Oph- 
thalmia (purulenta infantum.) 

BLEPHARORRHCE'A, from (3Xt<p a pov, 'eye- 
lid,' and ptw, 'I flow.' A discharge of mucus 
from the eyelids. 

BLEPHAROSPAS'MUS, from (iX^apov, 'eye- 
lid,' and airaoftus, 'spasm.' A spasmodic action 
or tic of the orbicularis palpebrarum muscle. 

BLEPHAROSTENO'SIS, from (3\e<papo V , 'the 
eyelid,' and arcuijots, 'contraction.' Accidental 
diminution of the space between the eyelids. — 
Amnion. Pee Blepharophimosis. 


BLEPIIAROTIS, Ophthalmia tarsi — b. Glan- 
dularis contagiosa, see Ophthalmia. 

BLEPHAROTITIS, Ophthalmia tarsi. 


1! L E PH A K X Y S'TUM, Blepharoxye'trum, 
from rjXi^auov, 'eyelid.' and (>ju, 'I scrape.' An 
instrument used, by the ancients, for removing 
callosities, which made their appearance in tho 
affection called, by the Greeks, rpa^wpa. — Paulufl 
of JSgina, Gorrseus. 

BLEPHIL'IA HIRSU'TA, Ohio Hortemint, 
Hairy Horsemint, from (iXtipupn, 'an eyelash,' in 
reference to its hairy fringed hracts. An indi- 
genous plant of the .Mint family, LflbiatSB, which 
has the aromatic properties of the Mints. 

HI.KSITK. Blsesitas. 
BLESSED HERB, Geum urbanum. 
BLESSi /:/:. Abortion, Wound. 
BLESTRIS'MUS. Restlessness of the sick.— 

BLETA. A Word, used by Paracelsus for white 

or milky urine, arising from diseased kidneys. 
Biota "ion has the same meaning. 

BLEX hi: BERLIN, Prussian blue — o. de 
Prutee, Prussian blue. 


ville is a village about two miles from Havre. 
The waters are acidulous chalybeate. 

LLICUIT IN Till] EYE, Ophthalmia, 




rhal. Palsy of the orbicularis palpebrarum and ' ! 
muscles of the eyebrow is also vulgarly called 

BLIGHT?, see Lichen urticatus. 
BLINDNESS. Ca-citas — b. Colour, Achroma- 
topsia — b. Day, Nyctalopia — b. Nervous, Amau- 
rosis — b. Night, Hemeralopia — b. Snow, see 
Snow blindness. 

BLISTER, Vesicato'rium, Emplas'trnm Vesica- 
to'riniit seu Lyttce, Epispas'ticum, Ves'icant, Blis- 
ter plaster, (F.) Vesieatuire, Vesicant. Any sub- 
stance which, when applied to the skin, irritates 
it. and occasions a serous secretion, raising the 
epidermis, and inducing a vesicle. Various arti- 
cles produce this effect, as cantharides, mustard, 
garou, eupkorbium, garlic, ammonia, &c. Blisters ; 
are used as counter-irritants. By exciting a dis- ! 
ease artificially on the surface, we can often re- 
move another which may be at the time existing 
internally. A perpetual blister is one that is 
kept open for a longer or a shorter time by means 
of appropriate dressings. 

Blister or vesication, (Prov.) Ercle, also means 
the reside produced by vesicatories or other 

Blister, Fever, see Fever blister. 
Blister. Mag", (F.) Vesicatoire magis- 
tral. A prompt means of producing vesication 
recommended by M. Valleix. It is prepared as 
follows — Take powdered cantharides and wheat- 
flour, of each equal parts ; vinegar, a sufficient 
quantity to form a soft paste. 

Blister Beetle, Cantharis — b. Fly, Cantha- 
ris — b. Plaster, Blister. 

BLISTERWEED, Ranunculus acris. 
BLISTERING FLY, Cantharis— b. Paper, see 
Sparadrapum vesicatorium — b. Tissue, Sparadra- 
pum vesicatorium. 

BLISTERS. WHITE. Rupia escharotiea. 
BLITUM AMERICAN UM, Phytolacca de- 
can dra. 

BLOOD, Anglo-Saxon, blo», from ble^an, 'to 
bleed.' Sanguis, Crnor, Lapis anima'lis, Haema. 
'aifta, (Old Eng.) Blede, (F.) Sang. An animal 
fluid formed chiefly from the chyle ; acquiring 
important properties during respiration ; entering 
every organ through the circulation : distributing 
the nutritive principles to every texture, and the 
source of every secretion. The blood is white in 
the molluscous and inferior animals, which have 
been, hence, called trhite-blooded, to distinguish 
them from the red-blooded, which class includes 
the mammalia, birds, reptiles, and fishes. Hu- 
man blood is composed of water, albumen, fibrin, 
an animal colouring substance, a little fatty mat- 
ter — heematelce'um — and different salts: as chlo- 
rides of potassium and sodium, phosphate of lime, 
subcarbonate of soda, lime, magnesia, oxide of 
iron, and lactate of soda, united with an ani- 
mal matter. Arterial blood is of a florid red 
colour, strong smell : s. g. 1.049. Venous blood 
is of a brownish red; s. g. 1.051. The differ- 
ence in colour has given occasion to the first 
being called red blood; the latter, black. The 
former, which is distributed from the heart, is 
nearly the same through its whole extent : the 
latter is the remains of the arterial blood after 
the different elements have been taken from it in 
nutrition, and probably differs in composition. 
It likewise contains different substances absorbed. 
Venous blood, taken from a vessel and left to 
itself, becomes solid, and separates into two dis- 
tinct parts, — the serum or watery supernatant 
fluid : and the cruor, coag'ulum, crassamen'tum, 
hepar seu ]jlacen'ta san'guinis, placen'ta cruo'ris, 
in'sula. thrombus, or clot. The serum is chiefly 
water, holding albumen in solution and the salts 
of the blood. The clot contains the fibrin, co- 
louring matter — hcematosin, a little serum, and a 

small quantity of salts. If. Le Canu found the 
blood to be composed — in 1000 parts — of water. 
785.590; albumen, 69.415; fibrin, 3.565 ; colour- 
ing matter, 119.626; crystallizable fatty matter, 
4.300; oily matter, 2.270; extractive matter so- 
luble in alcohol and water, 1.920 ; albumen com- 
bined with soda, 2.010; chlorides of sodium and 
potassium ; alkaline phosphates, sulphates, and 
subcarbonates, 7.304; subcarbonate of lime and 
magnesia, phosphate of lime, magnesia and iron, 
peroxide of iron, 1.414; loss, 2.5S6. The four 
principal components of the blood are fibrin, 
albumen, corpuscles, and saline matter. In the 
circulating blood they are thus combined — 



In solution forming Liquor Sangui- 
n is. 

Red Corpuscles — suspended in the Liquor San- 

In coagulated blood they are thus combined : 

Fibrin, 1 Forming the crassamentum or 

Red Corpuscles, J clot. 

Albumen, 1 Remaining in solution, forming 
Salts, J serum. 

The following table exhibits the computations 
of different physiologists regarding the weight 
of the circulating fluid — arterial and venous. 

Harvey, lbs. 





j Lobb, ^ 10 

Lower, j 

Sprengel 10 to 15 

Gunther 15 to 20 

Blake 16±tolSJ 

Miiller and Burdach 20 

Wagner-... 20 to 25 

Quesnai. 27 

F. Hoffmann 28 

Haller 28 to 30 

Young 40 

i Hambertrer SO 

. Keill ....7. 100 

The proportion of arterial blood to venous is 
, about 4 to 9. 

Much attention has been paid to the varying 
condition of the blood in disease. The average 
1 proportion of each of the organic elements in 
< 1000 parts of healthy blood is as follows, aecord- 
- ing to Le Canu. and MM. Andral and Gnvarret: 
'! — fibrin, 3; red corpuscles, 127; solid matter of 
! the serum, 80 ; water, 790. 

Dried human blood was. at one time, consi- 
■ dered to be anti-epileptic; that of the goat, dried, 
! Sanguis hirci sicca'tus-, sudorific and antipleu- 
i| retic. The dried blood of the ox — Extrac'tnm 
I San'guinis Bovi'ui — and the dried red corpuscles 
have been given as analeptics, especially where 
■\ there was a deficiency of red corpuscles. 

Blood, Arterial, see Blood — b. Black, see 
Blood — b. Black, vascular system of, see Vas- 

Blood, Caseix, Globulin — b. Corpuscles, Glo- 
; bules of the blood — b. Disease, Haeinatonosus — 
; b. Disks, Globules of the blood. 
i Blood, Dried, see Blood — b. Loss of, Haemor- 
■\ rhagia — b. Menstrual, see Menses — b. Red, see 
! Blood — b. Red, system of. see Vascular — b. Spit- 
ting of, Haemoptysis — b. Venous, see Blood — b. 
Vomiting of, Ha?matemesis — b. White, Lymph. 

BLOOD CRYSTALS, Ha?matoidin. 

BLOODING. Blood-letting. 


BLOOD-LETTING. MUrio seu Detrae'tio 
Jl San'guinis, Hcemax'is, Cutaschas'mus, Blooding, 




Jilrrdinrj, (F.) Saignie, Emission singuine. A 

discharge of a certain quantity of blood prodaeed 
by art : an operation which consists in making 
■n opening into a Teasel to draw or let blood from 
1 on an artery, it is called Ar- 
teriot'omy ; i>n a vein, Phlebotomy, Vena 
: and on the capillar; 
llary, in contradistinction to the former, 
which is termed general. Blood-letting is need 
both during the existence of a disease, as in in- 
flammation, and in the way of prophylaxis. It 
is employed to fulfil various indications. 1. To 
diminish the actual mass of blood : — when it is 
termed, by the French pathologists, Saigm 

In such ease, fluids ought not to he al- 

I iwe 1 too freely afterwards. 2. To diminish the 

ence in any particular organ — (F.) Saig- 

blood-letting ot bleeding, 

t'ria, when performed far from 

- dirivative, when 

liminisfa the consistence of the blood, 

tpofiatioe. The immediate effects 

d-letting are: diminution of the mass of 

tnd of beat; retardation of the pulse, and 

sometimes syncope. Blood-letting from the veins 

— j, lift hut'i 1111/ — is practised on the subcutaneous 

: the neck, the face, the fore-arm. and the 

- metiines on those of the hand or foot. 

The necessary apparatus consists of a bandage 

or riband, a compress of rag, and a lancet or 


The veins selected for the operation, are, 1. In 
the foil of tint win, tive; — the cephalic, basilic. 
the two median, and the anterior cubital. 2. In 
/, the cephalic and salvatella. 3. In the 
font, the great and little saphena. 4. In the neck, 
the external jugular. 5. In the forehead, the 
frontal. 6. In the mouth, the ranine. The ope- 
ration of phlebotomy in the limbs is performed 
by tying a circular bandage round the limb, in 
hat the subcutaneous veins may become 
turgid by the course of the blood being ob- 
1: the bandage not being so tight, how- 
erer, as to compress the arteries of the limb. A 
puncture is made into the vein, and the desired 
quantity allowed to How. The ligature is now 
r moved, and a compress and retaining bandage 
applied. Capillary or local blood-letting, arte- 
rio -phlebotomy, is practised on the skin or 
tnucuous membranes, by meaus of leeches, the 
lancet, "r cupping. 

>D-itBTnno, Capillary, see Blood-lctfing 
—l>. Derivative, see Blood-letting — b. Bvacuative, 
id-letting — b. General, see Bloodletting 
— b. Local, see Blood-letting— —b. Revulsive, see 
Blood-letting — b. Spoliative, see Bloodletting. 
BLOODLIKE, Sanguine. 
BLOOD LIQUOR, Liquor Sanguinis. 
BLOODROOT, Sanguinaria Canadensis. 
BLOODSHOT, Hypersemie. 
BLOODSTONE, Haematites. 
BLOODSTROKE, Conp-de-eartg. 
BLOOD VESICLE, Globule of 'the blood. 
BLOOD VESSEL, (P.) Vaieeeau tanguin. A 
destined to contain and convey blood. 

Blood Vcsssl, breaking, blksting, ruptu- 
ring or \. Hsemorrhs i 

BLOODWEED, Asclepias curassaviea. 

BLOODWORT, Hieraoium venosuin, Sangui- 
naria Canad 

BLOol»Y. Sanguin'eue, Cruen'ttu, Sangnin'- 
eaue, (V.) Sanguin. Having the character of 
1. Relating to blood. See Sanguine. 

BLOODY FLUX, Dysentery. 

BLOOM, HONEY, Apocynum androsacmifo- 

town of Blossburg is, in Tioga County, 133 miles 

north of Ilarrisburg. They contain pure sulphu- 
ric aeid: and arc astringent and tonic. 

BLOSSOM, see Grog-blossom. 


BLOTCH, | Prov.) Splavin, Sprote. A pustule; 

more commonly, an eruption of a large kind. 

BLOW. /< F.) Coup, ' Effect pro- 

dnced by one body striking another. The im- 

D made by any body which strikes us, or 

against which we strike: — a common cause of 

wounds, contusions, fractures, Ac. 

BLOWING SOUND, Bruit de Souffle — b. s. 
Diffused, see Murmur, respiratory. 

BLUE-BELLS, Gentiana oatesbaL 

BLUE-BERRY, Caulophyllum thalictroides, 
Lantana — b. Low, Vacoinium Penneylvanioum. 

BLUE-BONNETS, Cetaurea cyan us. 

BLUE-BOTTLE, Centaurea oyanus, Cyanus 

BLUE LICKS, see Kentucky, MineralWatereo£ 

BLUE STONE, Cupri sulphas. 

BLUET, Centaurea cyanus. 

BLUET DBS MOISSONS, Cyanus segetum. 

BLUITER, Borborygmus. 

BLUSH, see Flush. 

Bli sh, Cutankous, see Efflorescence — b. In- 
flammatory, Ervthema. 

BL UTTER, Borborygmus. 

BOA, Boia. An eruption of red, ichorous pim- 
ples. — Pliny. See, also, Hidroa and Sudainina. 

Boa Upas, Upas. 

BOIE, Syphilis. 

BOALA, see Scherlievo. 

BOBERRI, Curcuma longa. 

BOCHE, Swelling. 

BOCCHOE, Diosma crenata. 

BOCHET, Bochetum. 

BOCHE'TUM, (E.) Bochet. A term formerly 
applied to the second decoction of the sudorific 
woods. The French word has been lately revived. 

BOCIIIl M. Bronchocele. 

BOCHO, Diosma crenata. 

BOCIUM, Bronchocele. 

BOCK. Vomiturition. 

BOCKIXG, Eructation, Vomiting. 

springs of Bocklet, in Bavaria, are acidulous 

BODY, Corpus, Soma, (F.) Corps; from Teu- 
tonic boden, the 'fundus or bottom.' [?] The 
human body, (F.) Oorpt humain, (Old E.) Liche, 
is the collection of organs which compose the 
frame. At times, however, body is used synony- 
mously with trunk. We say, also, body of the 
femur, of the aphenoid, Ac, to designate the shaft 
or middle portion of those bones; body of the 
uterus, <tc. Likewise, any distinct portion of 
matter perceived by the senses. Also, the rectum. 

Boot, Comae down of tiik, Proctocele. 

BoDT-SlARCHBR, 8eorcher. One who formerly 
examined the bodies of the dead to report as to 
the cause of death. In the time of the plague 
this was done by "the chirurgeons," who were 
allowed "twelve pence," to be paid out of the 
goods of the party searched, If able; otherwise, 
by the parish. Until of late, this office wi 
CUted in England by two old women — called 

'searchers': and hence the imperfections of the 

Hills of Mortality. In plague times, the office 
wai an important one; is stated, that a 
noted searcher, named Snacks, finding his busi- 
ness increase so much, that he could not transact 
it alone, offered to any one who would join him 

in its hazards half the profits; and they who 
joined him were said to " go With Snacks." 
Hence, the saying "to go Snacks," or to divide 
its. — Wadd. 

BODY-SNATCHER, Resurrectionist. 

BOE, Cry. 




BOELLT, Intestines. 
BOET1IEMA, Medicament. 
BOG-BEAN, Menyanthes trifoliata. 
BOIA, Boa. 

BOIL, Furunculus — b. Blind, see Furunculus — 
b. Gum, Parulis — b. Malignant, see Furunculus — 
b. Wasp's nest, see Furunculus. 

BOIS A3IER, Quassia — b. de Camptche, 
ILvmatoxylum Campechianum — b. de Cerf, Cornu 
cervi — b. de Chypre, Rhodium lignum — b. de 
Couleuvre, see Strychnos — b. Doux, Glycyrrhiza 
— b. de Marais, Cepbalanthus occidentals — b. 
de Plumb, Dirca palustris — b. Puant, Prunus pa- 
dus — b. de Rose, Rhodium lignum — b. de Sap- 
pan, Caesalpinia sappan — b. Sudorifique, Wood, 

■waters are situate about half a league from Fon- 
tenay-le-Compte, in France. They are purgative, 
aud seem to contain carbonate and sulphate of 
lime and chloride of sodium. 

BOISSON, Drink. 

BOIST, Swelling. 

BOITE, (F.) A box or case, Capsa, Pyxis. 
An apparatus for the reception of any matters 
"which it may be desirable to preserve. In Sur- 
gery and Anatomy, JJoltes a dissection, B. a am- 
putation, B. d trepan, B. d cataracte, &c, mean 
the cases containing these various instruments. 
Boite du Crane is the bony case which receives 
the brain. Boite is, also, the portion of the 
stem of the trephine which receives the pyra- 
mid or centre-pin. Boite de Petit is a machine, 
invented by M. Petit, to retain the fractured por- 
tions of bone in apposition, when the leg has been 
fractured in a complicated manner. Boite is, also, 
a kind of case put before an artificial anus to re- 
ceive the faeces, which are continually being dis- 
charged. The vulgar, in France, give the name 
Boite, to various articulations, — B. de genou, B. 
de la hanche; "knee-joint, hip-joint." 

BOITE ME NT, Claudication. 

BOITERIE, Claudication. 

BOIT1ER, (F.) Apjmreil, Cap'sula unguenta'- 
ria, Capsa'rium. A dressing-case. A box, con- 
taining salves and different apparatus, used more 
particularly by the dressers in hospitals. 

BOK, Vomiturition. 

BOKKING, Eructation, Vomiting. 

BOL, Bolus — b. d'Armenie, Bole, Armenian — 
b. Oriental, Bole, Armenian — b. Blanc, Bolus 
alba — b. Rouge, Bole, Armenian. 

BOLA, Mvrrha. 

BOLCHON, Bdellium. 

BOLE, Bolus, (F.) Bol, Terre bolaire, meant, 
"with the older writers, argillaceous earth, used 
as an absorbent and alexipharmic. The various 
boles had different forms given to them, and were 
stamped, or sealed, hence called Terrce sigillata? ; 
as in the following : 

Bole Arme'niax, Bole Arme'ninc, B. Ar'tne- 
nic, Argil' la ferrugin'ea rubra, A. Bolus rubra, 
Sinapisis, Arena'men, Bolus Orienta'lis seu Ar- 
meniaea seu Arme'nice seu rubra, (F.) Bol d'Ar- 
menie ou oriental ou rouge. A red, clayey earth, 
found not only in Armenia, but in several coun- 
tries of Europe, — in Tuscany, Silesia, France, 
&c. It was once esteemed a tonic and astringent, 
and was applied as- a styptic. It is now, scarcely, 
if ever, used. It consists of argil, mixed with 
lime and iron. 

BOLESIS, Coral. 

BOLESON, Balsam. 

BOLET ODORANT, Dsedalea suaveolens. 

BOLETUS AGARICUS, B. Laricis— b. Albus, 
Boletus laricis — b. Cervinus, Elaphomyces gra- 
nulatus — b. Discoideus, Dredalea suaveolens. 

Bole'tus Esculen'tus, (F.) Morelle. Ord. 
Fungi. An eatable mushroom, found in the 
woods in Europe, and much admired by Gastro- 
nomes. It was formerly esteemed to be aphro- 

Boletus Fulvus, B. igniarius — b. Hippocrepis, 
B. igniarius. 

Bole'tus Igxia'rius. The systematic name 
for the Afj'aric, Agar'icus, Ayar'icum of the 
Pharmacopoeias, Agar'icus Ghirnrgo'ntm seu 
Quercits seu ignia'rins, Polyp'orus ignia'rins, 
Js'ca, Bole'tus uugula'tus seu fulvus seu hipjtn- 
crepisseu obtu'sus, Spunk, Am'adou, Punk, (Prov.) 
Funk, Fungus Jgnia'rius, Fungus Qiierci' nns, 
Agaric of the Oak, Touchwood, Touchwood Bole- 
tus, Female Agaric, Tinder, (F.) Agaric de cheue, 
Amadouvier. It was formerly much used by 
surgeons as a styptic. 

Bole'tus Lar'icis, B. Larici'nns^seu pvrgatoa 
seu albus seu agar'icus seu officinalis. Fuu'gns 
Lar'icis, Polyp'orus officinalis, Agar'icus ulbna 
seu Lar'icis, A. Albus op'timns, White Agaric, 
(F.) Agaric blanc, A. Amadouvier. On the con- 
tinent of Europe it has been given as a cathartic 
and emetic, as well as to moderate the sweats in 
phthisis. — De Haen. Externally, styptic. 

Boletus Obtusus, B. igniarius — b. Officinalis, 
B. laricis — b. Purgans, Boletus laricis — b. Salicis, 
Dsedalea suaveolens — b. Suaveolens, Daedalea 
suaveolens — b. Touchwood, Boletus igniarius. 

BO LI MARTIS, Ferrum tartarisatum. 

BOLISMOS. Boulim'ia. 

BOLI'TES. The mushroom; perhaps the 
Agar'icus Aurantiacus. — Pliny, Martial, Seuto- 
nius, Galen. It was so called, in consequence 
of its shape. — from Bolus. 

BOLLYNGE, Swelling. 

BOLNING, Swelling. 

BOLT. Used, at times, for to swallow without 
chewing, — as to " bolt one's food." 

BOLUS, |3wAo?, Buccell'a, a morsel, a mouth- 
ful, a bole, (F.) Bol. A pharmaceutical prepa- 
ration, having a pilular shape, but larger; capa- 
ble, however, of being swallowed as a pill. 

Bolus Alba, Terra Sigilla'ta, Argil' la pal- 
Ud'ior: — called sigilla'ta, from being commonly 
made into small cakes or flat masses, and stamped 
or sealed with certain impressions. (F.) Bol 
blanc, Terre Sigillee, Argile och reuse pale. It 
was used like Bole Armenian, and was brought 
from Etruria. See Terra. 

Bolus, Alimen'tarv, Bolus Aliment a' 'ri 'us. The 
bole formed by the food, after it has undergone 
mastication and insalivation in the mouth ; and 
been collected upon the tongue prior to degluti- 

Bolus Orienta'lis. A kind of bolar earth, 
only distinguished from Bole Armenian in being 
brought from Constantinople. See Bole, Armenian. 

Bolus Rubra, Bole Armenian. 

BOMA'REA SALSIL'LA. The inhabitants 
of Chili use this plant as a sudorific. It is given 
in infusion in cutaneous diseases. 

BOMBAX, Gossypium. 


BOMBITATIO, Tinnitus aurium. 

BOMBUS, Au'rium jiuctua'tio, A. Sib'ilvs, A. 
Son'itus, A. Susur'rus, (F.) Bombement. A kind 
of ringing or buzzing in the ears; — characterized, 
according to Sauvages, by the perception of 
blows or beating repeated at certain intervals. 
Also, Borborygmus. See Fart, Flatulence, and 
Tinnitus Aurium. 

BOMBYX MORI, see Sericum. 

BON, Coffea Arabica. 

BONA. Phaseolus vulgaris. 


BONA FEVER, see Fever, Bona. 

BONDUE, Gymnoclaclus Canadensis. 


1 8 •"> 


BONE. 0*. Ot% i, (F.) 0*. 

bun. I • :ire the solid ami hard parts, 

which form the basil of the bodies of animals 
of the superior classes; and the union of which 
con? til human bodj has. 

at the ;i .'i I age, - without inelading 

the 32 te< Lh, the ossa Wormiana, and tfa 
moid hones. Anatomists diride them, from their 
shape, into 1. Long bonetf which form pnrt of the 
limi's. and represent columns tor supporting the 
of the body, or levers of different kinds 
f»r the muscles to act upon. 2. Ftatbonet, which 
form the parietes of Bplanchnic cavities; and. 3. 
Short borne; met with in parts of the body where 
solidity and some mobility are necessary. 

ned of two different textures : "/'""'J'/ and 
compact. They afford, on analysis, much phos- 
phate snd carbonate of lime, a little phosphate 
of magnesia, phosphate of ammonia, oxides of 
iron and manganese, some traces of alumina nnd 
silica, gelatin, fat. and wafer. The uses of the mentioned nnder each hone. They 
give shape to the body, contain and defend the 
Viscera, and act as levers to the muscles. 


I Frontal 1 

Parietal 2 

1 1 LAD. 

Bones of 



of the 
Cranium or- 


Occipital 1 

Temporal - 

Ethmoid 1 

t iphenoid 

| Superior Maxillary. 

Jngal or Cheek.....*.. 


Bones of the J Lachrymal 



' Palatine 2 

Inferior Spongy 2 

Vomer 1 

Inferior Maxillary 1 

Incirores 8 

- Onspidati 4 

Molaree 20 

void . 


nit: Dp- 



Bone of the J it. 
Tongue. \ ">' 

(Malleus 2 

Bones of the \ Incus 2 

Ear. ^Orbiculare 2 

( Stapes 2 

( Cervical 7 

: 12 

(Lumbar 6 

M 1 

ugi* 1 

„,, n (Sternum 1 

The Thorax. | mu M 

The Pdris Innoininatum 2 

™<*""''-{sX:;!;;:::::::::::::::::::: ! 

The Arm Humerus 2 



J Ulna.. 
( Radius 


K.Xl HE- 



f Naviculars 2 

Lunaro 2 

Cuueiforme 2 

Orbieolare 2 

Trapezium 2 

Trapeaotdes 2 

Magnum 2 

I'ntiforinc 2 

U 10 

Phalange* 28 

The Thigh rVmnr 2 

f Patella 2 

The Leg. -; Tibia 2 

iFibula 2 

IsOs 2 

Partus, | latragalus 2 

or -j CuboUes 2 

p, I Naviculars 2 

[Cuneifonne 8 


r/iatanyes 2s 


'J Jo 

The hones of the ox, B<. 
in pharmacy. 

B <:-:-Acn, Osteocopus ■ 

Taurus, are employed 
- b. Ague, Osteocopus. 

Boite,Back, Vertebral column — b.Bar,Pubis,o?. 

Boars r.uv< k. see Oarbe aaisaalis. 

ipula — h. Boat-like, 0s sea- 
phoides — b. Breast, Sternum — b.Crupper, < 

Bona Earth, see Coma nstum — b. Fevei 

Bone, BaUNCH, Ilion — b. Interparietal. Inter- 
parietal bone. 

Boss Phosphatsj of Limk. see Cernu nstam. 

Bona, K'Mi', Coccyx — b. Share, Pubis. — b. 
Splinter. Fibula. 

BONEBINDER, Oateoeolla. 

BONE-DOCTOR, Renoueur. 

BON B-M 1 PPBRS, OtfuVenm, 7" nae'ula, from 
iiif", 'I hold.' (F.) Tenaille incisive. An in- 
strument u.-ed for cutting off splinters and car- 
It is a kind of forceps, the handles of 
which are stronjr, and the edges, which touch 
each other, cutting. 

BONESET, Eupatorium perforatum — b. 
Rough, Eupatorium teucrifolium — b. Upland. 
Eupatorium se- si folium. 


BONE-SB AVE, Neuralgia femoro-poplitsea. 

ossium — b. Friability of the. Fragilitas ossium — 
b. Salt of, Ammonia' earbonas — b. Softening of 
the. Mollities ossium. 

BONHOMME, Verbascum thapsua. 

BONICLATTER, Bonnyclabber. 

BONIFACIA, Rosens hypoglossum. 

BONITHLOBBER, Bonnyclabber. 

BONNE DAME, Atriplex bortenais. 

is a village six leagues from Pan. in the depart' 
ment Basses Pyrenees, France. Here are several 
thermal springs. They were celebrated as early 
as the time of Francis I., under the name Eaux 
qV Arquebusade. They contain chlorides of sodium 
and magnesium, sulphates of magnesia and lime, 
sulphur, and silica. The temperature is from 78° 
|| to 98° Fahrenheit. 

The factitious Eau df Bonnes is made of H\j- 
drosidphuretted water, f^iv : pare water, <>j. and 
f.V~ : chloride of sodium, gr. xxx ; sulphate of 
magnttia, srr. i. 

BONNET, Reticulum. 

BONNETl DE IX GLOBES, Bonnet d'Hip- 

poe'ratee, Mitra ffippocrat'ica, Fas'eia capita' lie, 
Pi' leu* Hippoerat'icue. A kind of bandage, the 
invention of which is ascribed to Hippo. -rates. 
|| It consists of a double-headed roller, passed over 
the head, so as to envelop it like a cap. The 
French also name it Bonnet a deux globes, Cape- 
line de la ti'fi . 

BONNYCLABBER. Clabber, from Irish, haiue, 
'milk.' and clabar, 'mire.' In Ireland, sour but- 
termilk. In this country, the thick part of sour 
milk. Boniclatter nnd Bonithlobber, also, meant 
cream or "good milk gone thick.' — Halliwell. 

brifaga — b. Trifoliate, Cusparia febrifuge. 

BONTIA OERMLNANS.Avioennia tomentoaa. 

BONUS GENIUS, Peucedanum— b. Henrico*, 
Chenopodium bonus Henricus. 

BONY, Oet 

BOOCim. Diosma orenata. 


BOONA, Phaseolus vulgaris. 

B00T1 V VULQ VK1S. Saponaria. 

BOOTIKIN. A glove with a partition for the 
thumb, but no separate ones for the fingers — like 
an infant's glove — made of oiled silk. — Dr. B. J. 
Seymour. Horace Walpole speaks in raptures of 
the benefit be derived from bootikins iii gout. 

BORACIC ACID, Ae"idwn Borae"icum, Sal 
tedati'vu* HoarBEB'ei, Boric A<;,l, (F.J AeitU 



boracique. An acid obtained from borax, which 
was once looked upon as sedative. It was also 
called Acor Borac"icua, Sal vitrioli narcot'icum, 
Sal volat'ile Bora' da, and Florea Boru'cis. 

BORAGE, Borago officinalis. 

BORA'GO OFFICINALIS, Buglos'sum re- 
rum seu lati/u'lium, JBorra'go, Oorra'go, Bo- 
rago horten'aiti, Borage, Burragc, (F.) Bourrache. 
Ord. BoragineaB. Sex. St/at. Pentandria Mono- 
gynia. The leaves and flowers have been con- 
sidered aperient. 


BORATHRON, Juniperus Sabina. 

BORAX, Boras Soda seu aupersat'urus soda? 
seu alcalea'cens seu alcali'num seu auperao'difiua, 
Soda? Bibo'raa, Subboraa Soda seu na'tricutn, 
Soda Boraxa'ta, Chryaocol'la, Capis'trum auri, 
Subborate of protox' ide of So' dium,Subprotobo' rate 
of Sodium, Borax Ven'etus, Borax' trion, Nitrum 
facti"tium, &c, Subbo'rate or Bibor ate of Soda, 
Borate of Soda, (F.) Borate ou Sous-borate de 
Sonde, Borate sursature de sonde. It is found in 
an impure state in Thibet and Persia. It is in- 
odorous ; taste eool, and somewhat alkaline; 
soluble in 12 parts of water. Borax is seldom 
used except as a lotion in aphthae. 

Borate of Mercury has been recommended 
as an antisvphilitic. 


African shrub, used in asthma and hydrothorax. 
In decoction, it is given as a diuretic. — Pappe. 


BORBORYG'MUS, from (Soppopvfa, 'I make a 
dull noise.' Murmur seu Bombus seu 3/otus In- 
testino'rum, Anile' ma, Anile' sis, Cofliopsoph'ia, In- 
tona'tio intestina'lis, Murmur ventris seu intesti- 
i (,'le, Bor'borygm, (Sc.) Bluiter, Blatter, (Prov.) 
Crolling, Crawling, (F.) Gargouillement, Grouille- 
ment. d'Entrailles. The noise made by flatus in 
the intestines. This happens often in health, 
especially in nervous individuals. 

BORD (F.), Margo, Edge, Margin. Anato- 
mists have so named the boundaries of an organ. 
Thus, the bones, muscles, &c. have bords as well 
as bodies. The 'free edge,' bord libre, is one not 
connected with any part; the 'adhering edge,' 
bord adherent, one that is connected; and the 
bord articufaire, or 'articular margin or edge/ 
that which is joined to another bone. 

BORD CI LI AIRE, Ciliary margin. 

Near this great city, in the south-west of France, 
is a saline, chalybeate spring. It contains oxide 
of iron, carbonate and sulphate of lime, chlorides 
of sodium and calcium, subcarbonate of soda, and 
sulphate of magnesia. 

BORE. Boron. 

BORE-TREE, Sambucus. 

BORGNE (F.), Codes, Unoc'ulus, Luscus, 
Luseio'sus. One who has only one eye, or sees 
only with one. The word has been used, figu- 
ratively, for blind, in surgery and anatomy. See 

BORIUM, Boron. 

BORRHAUSENIA CAVA, Fumaria bulbosa. 

BORN, past participle of bear, (F.) ne. Brought 
forth from the womb. 

Born Alive. It has been decided by English 
judges, that 'to be born alive,' means, that acts 
of life must have been manifested after the whole 
body has been extruded; and that respiration in 
transitu is not evidence that a child was born 
alive. It must be 'wholly born alive;' hence 
respiration may be a sign of life, but not of live 

BORON, Bo'rium, Borum, (F.) Bore. A simple 
substance, the basis of boracic acid ; obtained, by 
heating potassium with boracic acid, as a dark, 

olive-coloured powder, devoid of taste and smell. 
Heated in the air or in oxygen, it is converted 
into boracic acid. 

BOR'OSAIL, Zael. ^Ethiopian names for a 
disease, very common there, which attacks the 
organs of generation, and appears to have con- 
siderable analogy with syphilis. 

BORRAGO, Borago officinalis. 

BORRT, Curcuma longa. 

BORRIBERRI, Curcuma longa. 

a village in Beam. The waters are chalybeate. 

BORUM, Boron. 

BOSA. An ./Egyptian name for a mass, made 
of the meal of darnel, hemp-seed, and water. It 
is inebriating. — Prospero Alpini. At the present 
day, it is applied to a kind of acidulated and, 
sometimes, fermented scherbet. In its common- 
est form, it is made by fermenting an infusion of 
millet-seed. A more agreeable Bosa is prepared 
by the Eg3 T ptians from tamarinds and honey; 
and by the Greeks from the fruit of Solanum Ly- 
copersicum. This last is called, by them, Apoata- 
tikov, Drosis'ticon. 

lum glaucum. 

BOSOM, see Mamma. 

BOSSA, Plague token. 

BOSSE, Hump, Protuberance — b. Kasale, 
Nasal protuberance. 

BOSSU, see Hump. 

BOSWELLIA SERRATA, see Juniperus lycia 
— b. Thurifera, see Juniperus lycia. 

BOTAL FORA'MEN, Fora'menJBota'le seu 
Botal'lii, Fora'men Ova'le, (F.) Trou de Bo- 
tal, Trou ovale. A large opening which exists 
in the foetus in the partition between the two 
auricles of the heart; and by means of which 
the blood passes from one to the other. Its 
discovery is generally attributed to Leonard Bo- 
tallus, Botal, or Botalli, who wrote in 15C2. It 
was spoken of, however, by Vesalius, and even 
by Galen. 

BOTANE, Herb. 


BOTAN1QUE MEDIC ALE, Botany, medical. 

BOT'ANY, MEDICAL, Botan'ica Med'ica, 
Medici'na Botan'ica, Phytolog"ia Jlcd'ica, from 
j3oravn, 'an herb,' (F.) Botanique Medicale. The 
knowledge of the properties, characters, &c. of 
those vegetables which are used in medicine. 

B0TA1VG0, (F.) Botargue. A preparation 
made in Italy and the south of France, with the 
eggs and blood of the Mugilceph'alus or Mullet, 
strongly salted, after it has become putrescent. 
It is used as a condiment. 

BOTARGUE, Botargo. 

BOTCH, (I.) Bozza. Of old, a swelling of the 
skin. A phlegmon. A large ulcerous affection. 

BOTHOR. An Arabic term for abscess in the 
nares. It means, also, a tumour in general; 
especially those which are without solution of 

BOTHRIOCEPH'ALUS, B. lotus, Bothrio- 
ceph' alum, from ffodpiov, 'a small pit,' and KccpaXij, 
'head.' Botrioceph'alua, Diboth'rium latum, 
Ta?'nia lata seu vnlga'ris seu os'culis lateral' ibus 
gem'inis seu grisea seu membrana'cea seu tenel'la 
seu denta'ta seu hnma'na iner'mia seu prima seu 
os'culis lateral' ibus solita'riis seu aceph'ftla seu 
oscidis superficial' ibus, Lumbri'cus latvs, Plate'a, 
Haly'sis membrana'cea seu lata, (F.) Tenia d an- 
neaicx courts ou von arme, Ver solitaire, Broad 
Tape-worm. Common in Switzerland, Russia, 
and some parts of France. It inhabits the intes- 
tines of man, and extends to an enormous length. 
A broken specimen has been obtained 60 yards 
long. — Goeze. 

BOTH'RION, Both'rium, from QoSpiov, 'a small 




pit. cavity.' fto, An alu eol ut, or snail fo--i. A 
Hiall, ID the cornea. — Galen, Paulus 

of Mg il Mette. 

BOI HRIUM. Bothrion, Foesette. 

I'," rHROS, Fovea. 

B0T1 N. T.reliinthina. 

BOTIUM, Bronehoeen. 

BOTOTHINUM. An obscure term, D8«d by 

Paracelsus to denote tlie most striking symptom 
of* disease: — the Floe norbi. 

BOTOU, Pareira brava. 

BOTRIOCEPB \LI'S. Bothrioeephalus. 

BOTRION, Alveolus. 


BOTRYS. Chenopodium botrys, see Yitis vini- 
fera — b. Ambrosioides, Chenopodium ambrosio- 
ides — b. Americana, Cbenopodiom ambrosioides 
— b. Anthelmintica, Cbenopodium anthelminti- 
cum — b. Mexicana, Cbenopodium ambrosioides, 

A thin boot or buehin, > 
h'vior. An instrument which resembles a small 

1 t. furnished with springs, straps, buekl 

and used to obviate distortions of the lower ex- 
tremities in children. 

BO ! I i. ; ' NOSE, Gutta rosea. 

BOTTLE-STOOP. Co Pharmacy, an arrange- 
ment for giving the proper inclination to a bottle 
containing a powder, so as to admit of the con- 
tents being readily removed by the knife, in dis- 
pensing medicines. It consists of a block of 
w I with a groove in the upper surface, to re- 
ceive the bottle in an oblique position. 

BOTTOM, Nates. 

BOTTRY-TREE, Sambueua. 

BOUB ILIOS, Mouiordica elaterium, Vulva. 

BOUBON, Bubo. 

BOUCAGE A NTS, Pimpinella anisum — b. 
Mttjeur, Pimpinella magna — b. Mineur, Pimpi- 
nella saxi frags — !>. Petit, Pimpinella Bazifraga. 

BOUC II !■:, Mouth — b. Pdteme, Clammy 

BOUt 'I. KM EXT, Tnfibulation. 

BOUE, see Corruption. 

/,''//'/-: &PL&NIQUE. The altered blood ex- 
travasated into the splenic cells has been so 

B0UE8 DES i:\rx (P.), Bouee MiniraUt, 
BaVnea Camo'ea. The mud or swamp, formed 
near mineral springs, impregnated with the Bub- 
• uned in such springs, ami conse- 
quently j similar properties. TheBouee 

are applied generally and topically, in France, at 
the springs of St. Amand. Pa-.rneres' de Luchon, 
. and Bareges; in the United States, at 
the wiiite Sulphur in Virgini i 

BOUES MINORA LES, Boue* de* mux. 

BOUFFE, (F.) The small eminence, formed 
by the junction of the two lips. — Delaurens. 

Jioti i k. Kructation. 


BOUFFISSUBE, Puffineaa. 

BOUGIE, (F.) A wax candle: OandeVula, 

• ieu mediea'ta, Ce'reum medi- 

ea'tum, ('i ,->',, lux (Thirurgo'rwn, Da'dion, SpeciV- 

htm < -f'm i hi, Virga ee'rea, i '• re'olue. A flexible 

cylinder, variable in sise, to be introduced into 

the urethra. OSSOphagUS, rectum, 4c, lor the jmr- 

poae of dilating these canal-, when contracted. 
A Simple Bougie is composed of .-olid and inso- 
luble substances; as plaster, elastic gum, gutta 
percha, catgut — {Bougie <l<- ('mil,- d boyaUf) «tc. 
It act- of course only mechanically. 

Bougtb, Mkh'k \ti d, (V.) B. Midicamenteuee, 
has the addition of so escharotio or other sub- 
stance to destroy the obstacle; as In the CauMie 
Bougie, F. B. eautirieante, B. armte, B emplae- 
tique, which has a small portion of Lunar Caut- 

tie or Common Cauelie inserted in its extremity. 
l»uc. imp bas recommended s Bougie, which swells 
out near it- extremity, for the better dilating of 
the urethra. This be calls B. i ventre. The 
metallic Bougie, invented by Smyth, is a compo- 
sition of metal, allowing of great flexibility; and 
a hollow Bougie is one with a channel running 
through it. to be used in the same manner as the 
catheter, or other* ISC. 

Boi QIB, UTKitiNK. Sound, uterine. 

BOUILLIE, (F.) Pultie'ula, Pap, from (F.) 
bouittir, 'to boil.' Flour, 1. eaten ami boiled with 
milk. It is a common food for infant-. 

BOUILLON, (F.) from bouillir, 'to boil/ Jut, 
Sorbit"io. A liquid food, made by boiling the 
flesh of animals in water. The OSmazODV 

tin. and soluble salts dissolve; the fat melts, and 
the albumen coagulates. Bouillon is nourishing, 
owing to the gelatin and osmazome. The Ju* de 
Viande is a very concentrated Bouillon, prepared 

of beef, mutton, veal, Ac. 

TLLON, in common language, iii France, 
means a round fleshy excrescence, sometimes 
:i the centre of a venereal ulcer. 
BOUILLON BLANC, Verbaacum nigrum. 
MACEUTIQUES, Medicinal or Pharmaceutic 
Bouillons, contain infusions or decoctions of me- 
dicinal herbs. The Bouillon cruas herben is gene- 
rally composed of eorrel or beet. 

BOUILLON <T OS, il-\) Bouillon from bone* 
is obtained by treating bones with muriatic acid, 
in order to dissolve the earthy parts. The gela- 
tin, which remains, is then boiled with a little 
meat and vegetables. — D'Arcet. Bouillon, how- 
ever, can be easily obtained from the bones of 
roast meat bv simple coction. 
BO f If. I. ONNEMENT, Ebullition. 
BOUIS, Buxus. 

BOULK I)'. [i HER, Ferrum tartarizatura— 6. 
de Mare, Ferrum tartari/.atum — b. de Moleheim t 
Ferrum tartarizatum — b. de Nancy, Ferrum tar- 

BOULEAU COMMUN, Betula alba. 
BOULESIS, Voluntas. 

BOULIM'IA, Bulim'ia, 71, dh,,'!,,*, Bu'limue, 
Bou'limoe, Bulimi'aeie, Bolie'moe, Eclim'ia. Fame*, 
eani'na sen bovi'na sen lupi'na, Appeti'tue i-mii- 
hus, Appeten'tia eani'na, Adepha'gia, Oynorex , ia t 
eyno'dee, Bupi'na, Bupei'na, Phages' na, 
Phagedena, from (3o»f, 'an ox,' and Ai/io?, 
• hunger ;' or from 0ov, augmentative particle, and 
A/^oj, 'hunger,' (F.) Boulimie, Faim can 
divorante, Polyphagie. An almost insatiable 
hunger. A canine appetite. It is sometimes 
seen in hysteria and pregnancy; rarely under 
other circumstan 

BOULIMIE, Boulimia. 
Boulogne is in the department of Pas-de-Calais, 
France. The waters are chalybeate. 
BOUNCING BET, Saponaria. 
BOUND, Costive. 
BOUNTREE, Sambuous. 
(F.) from bouquet, a collection of flowers or other 
sub-tanccs tied together. A name given, by some 
anatomists, to the collection of ligaments and 

muscles, inserted into the styloid process of tho 

temporal bone. 

Boi "i i i Phvbr, Dengue. 
BOURBIl LON, see Furunculus (core). 
OF. Bourbon-Lancy Is s small village io tho 

department of Saonecl Loin. I'rai : where 

there are thermal saline springs, containing ear- 
acid, chloride of sodium, and sulphate of 

iiloride of calcium, carbonate of lime, iron, 



and silica. Their heat is from 106° to 135° 

WATERS OF. This town is in the department 
of Allier, si* leagues west from Moulins, and 
has heen long celebrated for its thermal chaly- 
beate waters. They contain sulphohydrie acid, 
sulphate of soda, magnesia, and lime, carbonate 
of iron, and silica. Their temperature varies 
between 136° and 145° Fahrenheit. 

"WATERS OF. These springs are seven leagues 
from Langres, department of Haute -Marne, 
France. They are thermal and saline, and have 
been long celebrated. Temperature from 106° 
to 133° Fahrenheit. The Factitious renter, (F.) 
Eau de Bourbonne-les- Bains, Aqua Borvonen'sis, 
is composed of renter, containing twice its bulk 
of carbonic acid, f^xxss; chloride of sodium, 
f 3J' chloride of calcium, gr. x, etc. 

A village near Mont d'Or, where there are two 
thermal saline springs. 

BOURDAINE, Rba m n us frangul a, 

BOURDONNEMENT, Tinnitus annum. 

BOURDONNET, Pulcil'lns, P. e linamen'tis 
confec'tus seu rotun'dus, Dossil. A term in French 
surgery for charpie rolled into a small mass of 
an olive shape, which is used for plugging wounds, 
absorbing the discharge, and preventing the 
union of their edges. In cases of deep and pene- 
trating wounds, as of the abdomen or chest, a 
thread is attached to them by which they may 
be readily withdrawn, and be. prevented from 
passing altogether into those cavities. 

BOURGEXE, Rhamnus frangula. 

BOURGEOX, Granulation, Papula— b. Char- 
nu, Granulation. 

BOURGEOXXEVEXT, see Generation. 

BOURGEOXS. Gutta rosea. 


BOURRACHE, Borago officinalis. 

BOURRELET (F.) A Pad, a Border. A 
fibrocartilaginous border, which surrounds cer- 
tain articular cavities, such as the glenoid cavity 
of the scapula and the acetabulum ; by which the 
depth of those cavities is augmented. See Cor- 
pus Callosum. 

BOURRELET ROULE. Cornu ammonis. 

BOURSE & BERGER, Thlaspibursa— b. d 
Pasteur, Thlaspibursa. 

BOURSES (LES), Scrotum— b. Mucilacji- 
neuses, Bursae mucosae — b. JIuqueuses, Bursae 


BOURTREE, Sambucus. 

BOUSSOLE, Glossanthrax. 

BOUT DE SEIX (F.), 'End of the breast,' 
'nipple.' An instrument of caoutchouc or ivory 
to place over the nipple when the infant sucks, 
soon after delivery, or where the nipple is in a 
morbid condition. 

BOUTOX, Papula— b. d'Alep, see Anthrax— 
b. Malin, see Anthrax — b. d'Or, Ranunculus 
acris. v 

BOUTOXXrERE (F.), Fissu'ra, Incis'io. A 
long incision made into the urethra to extract a 
calculus from the canal, when it is too large to 
be discharged. 

Also, a small incision or puncture, made in the 
peritoneum, or above the pubis, to penetrate the 
bladder in certain cases of retention of urine. 

BOVACHEVO. Datura sanguinea. 

BOVILL.E. Rubeola. 

BOVISTA. Lvcoperdon. 

BOWEL. Intestine. 

BOWLEGGED, see Cnemoscoliosis. 

BOWMAN'S CAPSULE, see Kidnev. 

BOWMAN'S ROOT, Euphorbia corollata, Gil- 
lenia. trifoliata, Leptandria purpurea. 

BOXBERRY, Gaultheria. 

BOX, MOUNTAIN, Arbutus uva ursi. 

BOX TREE. Buxus, Cornus Florida. 

BOXWOOD, Cornus Florida. 

BOY All, Intestine— b. Pollinique, see Pollen. 

BRABYLOX, Prunuin Damascenum. 



BRACHIA COPULATIVA, see Peduncles of 
the Cerebellum. 

BRACHIA POXTIS, see Peduncles of the 

BRACHLEUS, Brachial — b. Internus, Bra- 
chialis anterior. 

BRA'CHIAL, Brachia'lis, Brachia>'us, from 
Brachium, ' the arm.' What belongs to the arm. 

Brachial Apoxeuro'sis. An aponeurosis, 
formed particularly by expansions of the tendons 
of the latissimus dorsi, pectoralis major, and del- 
toides muscles, and which completely envelops 
the muscles of the arm. 

Brachial Artery, Arte'ria brachia'lis. ITu'. 
meral Artery, (F.) Artere ou Tronc brachial. 
The artery, which extends from the axilla to the 
bend of the elbow ; where it divides into A. cnbi- 
talis and A. radialis. It passes along the inter- 
nal edge of the biceps, behind the median nerve 
and between the accompanying veins. Under 
the name Brachial Artery, Chaussier includes 
the subclavian, axillary, and humeral, the last 
being the brachial proper. 

Brachial Muscle, Anterior, Mwt' cuius Bra- 
chia'lis Ante' rior, Brachia'lis interims seu anti'- 
cii8, Braehim'us, B. intermts, (F.) Muscle brachial 
interne, Humero-cubital — (Ch.) This muscle is 
situate at the anterior and inferior part of the 
arm, and before the elbow-joint. It arises, fleshy, 
from the middle of the os humeri, and is inserted 
into the coronoid process of the ulna. Use, To 
bend the fore-arm. 

Brachial Plexus, Plexus Brachia'lis, is a 
nervous plexus, formed by the interlacing of the 
anterior branches of the last four cervical pairs 
and the first dorsal. It is deeply seated in the 
hollow of the axilla, and extends as far as the 
inferior and lateral part of the neck. It gives 
off the thoracic nerves, supra and infra scapular, 
and the brachial (which are six in number), the 
axillary, cutaneous, musculo-cutaneous, radial, 
cubital, and median. 

Brachial Yeixs are two in number, and ac- 
company the artery, frequently anastomosing 
with each other: they terminate in the axillary, 
Under the term Brachial Veins, Chaussier in- 
cludes the humeral, axillary, and subclavian. 


BRACHIAL'GIA, Xeural'gia Brach ia'lis, 
from /fya^wv, 'the arm,' and aAyoj, 'pain.' Pain 
in the arm. neuralgia of the arm. 

BRACHIALIS, Brachial— b. Anticus. Brachial 
muscle — b. Externus, see Triceps extensor cubiti 
— b. Internus, Brachial muscle. 




nata arteria — b. Veins, Innominatae vena?. 

B R A'C II I O-C U'B I T A L, Brach io-cubita'lis. 
That which belongs both to the arm and cubitus. 
This name has been given to the internal lateral 
ligament of the elbow-joint; because it is at- 
tached to the os brachii or os humeri and to the 
cubitus or ulna. 

BRACHIOCYLLO'SIS, from |SWt»v, 'thd 
arm,' and KvWuoig, 'the act of making crooked.' 




Curvature of the arm inwards. Paralysis or loss 
r from curvature of the arm. 

BRACHION, Brachinm. 

BRACHION'CCS, from frag*** 'the arm.' 
ing.' A tumour .if the arm. 

BRA'i HIO-RA'DIAL,fli-«eihWaaVa'Kt. That 
which belongs i" the brncbium ami radius. Thia 
name lias been applied t>> the external lateral 
ligament of die elbow-joint, becanae it is attaohed 
to the humerus and to the radius. See Supinator 
radii longus. 

BRACHIORRHEU'MA, RkmaunntiJwm bra'- 
chit', from /ipi^icoi', "the arm,' and utv/Ki. 'detlux- 
ion. rheumatism.' Rheumatism of the arm. 

BRACHIOT'OMY, Bmekiotom'ia* from fipa- 
Xiidv. 'arm.' and tvjh), 'incision.' Amputation of 

tin' arm. 

BRA'CHIUM, Bru'ckion, Lmcer'Ut*, (FA Bra*, 

'the arm.' The arm from the shoulder to the wrist, 

or the part between the shoulder and elbow. See 

r>i:\VmiM Ahte'riuS. A rounded pt 
Which passes from the anterior pair of the cor- 
pora quadrigemina (Hates) obliquely outwards 
into the thalamus opticus. 

hum MoVBVS Qv.utTrs. Latissimus dorsi. 

Pi: \Vmr\i IV'sti.'imi s. A rounded process, 
whiefa passes from the posterior pair of the qua- 
drigemina (teatea) obliquely outwards into the 
optie thalamus. 

BRACHUNA, Nymphomania, Satyriasis. 

BRACHYAU'CHEN, from 3p« X vs, 'short/ and 
Deck.' One who has a short neck. 

BR ACHYC EP 1 1 ' A LM | * I entes ), • short heads.' 
from ,o r i\i>, '.-hurt,' and KeQakq, 'head.' In the 
classification of Retzius, those nations of men 
whose cerebral lobes do not completely cover the 
lum — as the Slavonians, Fins, Persians, 
Turks. Tartars, Ac. 

BRACHYCHRONTUS, from 0pa X vs, 'short,' 
and XJtovos, 'time.' That which continues but u 
short time. A term applied to diseases which 
are of short duration. — Galen. 

BRACHYGNA'THUS, from Ppa X vs, 'short,' 
and 3 vaBos, 'the under jaw.' A monster with too 
Short an under jaw. — Gurlt. 

BRACHYNSIS, Abbreviation, 


PPA< HYP'OTI, from (ion X vq, 'short/ and 
TroT77s. 'drinker.' They who drink little, or who 
drink rarely. Hippocrates, Galen, Foesiua 

BB \< IIYRIIYVCHIS. from tya*»s, 'short,' 
v»;, 'snout*' A monster with too short a 

BB ICHYSMOS, Abbreviation. 
BR ICING, Corroborant, 
BB \< KPN". Pteris aquilina. 

BB \|)Y.F.STHK'SIA. from foaSvf, 'difficult/ 
and in mtion.' Impaired sensation. 

BB U>YBOLISMUS, Bradyspermatismu*. 
BB \\>\ ECOIA, Deafness. 
BRADYLOG"IA, Dysla'lia ; from 0pa6v S , ' diffi- 
cult.' and X03 .-.■.' Difficulty of speech. 
liilA ]»^ M ^.SE'SIS, Brady maaae'aie, impro- 
perly Bradymaate'tia, Jfanduca'tio diffic"ilia, 
from (Jpaivs, 'difficult,' and uaoTHtif, 'maatioa- 
Difficult mastication. See Dysmasesis. 
BB VDYM \>'I i:sis. Bradyn 
BRADYPEP'SIA, Tarda eibo'rum coneoe'tio, 
'slow,' and nirrw, "I digest.' Slow 
1:1: ^DYSPERM AT I S ' M 1 S. Bradi/bohVmu; 
1 I'tin hi hi' mix impedi'ta, Dy*permati* J mua, 
from (ipaivg, 'slow,' and cnpfia, '.-perm.' A slow 
■•• of sperm. 
BRADYSU'RIA, Tenesmus veai'ca, (P.) Ti- 
I ' , from ppuevs, ' difficult/ and ovpuv, 

'to pass the urine.' Painful evacuation of the 

urine, with perpetual desire to void it. Dysnria. 

BRADYTOCIA, Dystocia, 

BRAG'GET, Braggart, Bragwort, A name 
formerly applied to a tisan of honey and water, 
B( ll\ dromelL 

BRA1 LIQUIDS, see Pinus sy lrestris — 6. 

BRAIN, Cerebrum — b. Fag, see Nervous dia- 

Pi: un.Fitti.i:, Cerebellum. 

Brain Pan, Cranium — b.Sand, see Pineal gland. 

is a small village, three leagues from Soissons, 
France, which has purgative waters similar to 
those of Passy, 

BRAIRETTE, Primula veris. 

BRAKE, COMMON, Pteris Aquilina— h. Pock, 
Polypodium rulgare, Polypodium incanum. 

Brake Root, Polypodium rulgare. 

BRAKING, Vomiting, Vomiturition. 

fruticosus — b. Common. Rubus fruticosus. 

BRAMBLE-BERRIES, Bee Rubua fruticosus. 

BRAN, Furfur. 


BRANCA GERMANICA, Heracleum spondy- 
lium — b. TJrsina, Acanthus mollis — b. Vera, 
Acanthus mollis. 

BRANCH, from (F.) Branehe, originally, pro- 
bably, from 0/>a;g(tty, 'an arm,' [?] because branches 
of trees, Ac, go off like arms. A term applied, 
generally, to the principal division of an artery 
or nerve. The word is commonly used synony- 
mously with Ramus; but often, with the French, 
Branehe signifies the great division; — Rameau, 
Pat., the division of the branches ; and 
Ramtutoulea, Lat. Ramuaculi, the divisions of 
these last. 

The French, also, speak of the branches of the 
pubis for the Rami of that bone, branchea of the 
ischium for the rami of the ischium, «fec. 

QEE (PETITES), Corpora restiformia, 

BRANCH!, Branch*. Swellings of the ton- 
sils, or parotid, according to some; — of the thy- 
roid gland, according to others. 

BRAN'CIIIA, (Gr.) Hpay X ta. The gills or re- 
spiratory organs of fishes, corresponding to tho 
lungs of terrestrial animals. 

BRANCH1 S, (ipay X os, Rauce'do. A catarrhal 
affection of the mucous, membrane of the fauces, 
trachea, &o. — Galen. Hoarseness, 

BRANCI, Cynanehe tonsillaris. 

BRANCIA, Vitrum. 


BRANDY, (G.) Branntwein, Dutch, 
Brand wijn, 'burnt wine/ (Old Fug.) Brand- 
wine. Vinum adus'tum sen crema'tiim, Aqua 
Vita. (F.) Spir'itus vini Gall' id, (Ph. U. S.) 
Spir'itua GaWicua, Eau da vie, (S.) Aguardiente. 
The first liquid product obtained by distilling 
wine. It 18 composed of water,], and an 
aromatic oily matter, which gives it it- flavour. 
Brandy is a powerful and diffusible stimulant, 
and m such is used in medicine. P has be< a 
also called Liquor A<]iti/i'</itiK. See Spirit. 

BuANDY, Ai'i'u:, sec Pyrus malus — b. Fgg, see 

Bravdt Bottles, .-re Nymphsaa lutea, 

Pi: wov-Fack. Gutta rosea 
Pi: INKS, Cynanehe parotides. 
BRANKURSINE, Acanthus mollis. 

BRAS. SeeOrysa. 

BRAS, Brachinm — I. da CerveUt, Corpora res- 



RISM. An operation by ligature, proposed by j 
Brasdor, which consists in the application of the 
ligature on the distal side of the tumour. 

Brasegur is a place in the diocese of Rhodez, 
where there are cathartic waters. 
BRASENIA, B. Hydropeltis. 
Brase'nia Hydropel'tis, Brase'nia, B. Pel- 
t'i'tK, Hydropel'tis purpu'rea, Gefatina ttquat'ica, 
Frogleaf, Little Water Lily, Water Jelly, Water 
shield, Water target, Decrfood. An indigenous 
plant, Nat. Ord. Ranunculaceae, Sex. Syst. Poly- 
andria Polygynia, flourishing from Kentucky to 
Carolina and Florida; and covering the surface 
of ponds, marshes, Ac. The fresh leaves are 
mucilaginous, and have been used in pulmonary 
complaints, dysentery, &c, like Cetraria. 
Brasenia Peltata, B. Hydropeltis. 
BRASH, (Sc), of uncertain etymology. A 
transient attack of sickness. A bodily indispo- 
sition. — Jamieson. A rash or eruption. (Prov. 
West of England.) 

Brash, Water, Pyrosis, 

Brash, Weaning, (Sc.) Speaning brash, 
Atroph'ia Abl aetata' rum. A severe form of 
diarrhoea, which supervenes at times on weaning. 
The Maladie de Cruveilhier appears to be a simi- I 
lar affection. 

BRASILETTO, see Caesalpinia. 
• BRASMOS, Fermentation. 

BRASS, Sax. bnar, Welsh, pres. Aurichal'- 
eum, properly, Orichal'cum, ('mountain brass,' 
from ooos, 'a mountain,' and xa\icos, 'brass.') 
Chrysochal'cos, Chalcns, Esecavum, (F.) Airain. 
A yellow metal, formed by mixing copper with 
calamine. The same general remarks apply to it 
as to copper. See Cuprum, 

BRAS'SICA, Crambe, B.olera'cea seu capita'- 
ta seu cuma'na of the old Romans. The Cab- 
bage, (F.) Chou potager. Order, Cruciferae. Sex. 
Syst. Tetradynamia Siliquosa. Cato wrote a 
book on its virtues. It is a vegetable by no 
means easy of digestion when boiled; when raw, 
it appears to be more digestible. When forming 
a solid globular mass, like a head, it is the B. 
Capita' ta, (F.) Chou-Cabus, Chou Pomme. 

Brassica CARINA, Mercurialis perennis — b. 
Capitata, Brassica — b. Cumana, Brassica. 

Bras'sica Eru'ca, B. his'pida, Eru'ca, E.foz'- 
tida seu sati'ra, Sina'pis eru'ca, Sisym'briiun 
erucas'trum, Garden Rocket, Roman Rochet, 
Shinlock, &C, (F.) Chou Roquette, Roquette. 
This was considered by the Romans an aphrodi- 
s ; ac- — Columella. The seeds were ordinarily 

BRAS'SICA Flor'ida, — Bras'sica Pompeia'na 
of the ancients — the Cauliflower, Caulis Flor'ida, 
(F.) Chou-Jleur, is a more tender and digestible 

The Broc'coli, B. Sabel'lica of the Romans, B. 
Ital'ica, belongs to this variety. 

Brassica Hispid a, B. eruca — b. Italica, B. 
Florida — b. Marina. Convolvulus soldanella. 

Bras'sica Napus, Napm Syh-estris, Bu'nias, 
B ape, (F.) Xavette. The seed yields a quantity 
of oil. 

Brassica Nigra, Sinapis nigra — b. Oblonga, 
j}. r apa — b. Oleracea, Brassica — b. Pompeiana, 
B. Florida. 

Bras'sica Rapa, Rapa rotun'da seu oblon'ga 
seu napus, Rapum majiis, Sina'pis tubero'sa, 
Turnip, (F.) Chou navet, Navet, Race. The tur- 
nip is liable to the same objection (but to a less 
extent) as the cabbage. 

Brassica Sadellica, B. Florida. 
BRATHU, Juniperus sabina. 
BRATHYS, Juniperus sabina. 

BRAWLINS, Arbutus uva ursi, Vaccinium 
vitis idaea. 

BRAWN, Muscle. 
B HAVER, Truss. 


BRAZIL WOOD, Caesalpinia echinata. 
BREAD, see Triticum. 

Bread, Gluten. Bread made of wheat dough 
deprived of the chief portion of its starch by 
washing. Bread, made of gluten only, cannot 
be eaten, on account of its hardness and tough- 
ness ; hence one-fifth of the normal quantity of 
starch is allowed to remain, and in this form the 
bread is said to be tolerably light, eatable, and 
moderately agreeable. 

Bread, Household, Syncomistos. 

BREAD-FRUIT TREE, Artocarpus. 
BREAST, Thorax, Mamma— b. Abscess of the, 
Mastodynia apostematosa — b. Pigeon, see Lor- 

BREAST-GLASS, Milk-glass. A glass applied 
to the nipple to receive the milk when secreted 
copiously by the mamma. 

Breast, Irritable, Neuralgia mammae. 

BREAST-PUMP, Antlia Lactea. 
BREASTWEED, Saururus cernuus. 
BREATH, Sax. bpase, (Old Eng.) Aande, 
and Ande, Hal'itus, Anhel'itus, An'imus, Spir'- 
itus, At'mos, (F.) Haleine. The air expelled from 
the chest at each expiration. It requires to be 
studied in the diagnosis of thoracic diseases espe- 
cially. See Respiration. 

Breath, Offensive, Factor Oris, Catostoma- 
tosphre'sia, Hal'itus oris fee' tidus, Oze. An offen- 
sive condition, which is usually dependent upon 
carious teeth, or some faulty state of the secre- 
tions of the air passages. The internal use of the 
chlorides may be advantageous. 

Breath, Saturnine, see Saturnine — b. Short, 

BREATHING AIR, see Respiration. 
Breathing, Difficulty of, Dyspnoea. 
BRECHET, (F.) The Brisket. This name is 
given in some parts of France to the cartilago 
ensiformis, and sometimes to the sternum itself. 
BRECHMA, Bregma. 
BRECHMUS, Bregma. 

BREDISSURE (F.), Trismus Capistra'tus. 
Incapacity of opening the mouth, in consequence 
of preternatural adhesion between the internal 
part of the cheek and gums; often occasioned by 
the abuse of mercury. 

BREDOUILLEMENT (F.), Tituban'tia. A 
precipitate and indistinct mode of utterance, in 
which a part only of the words is pronounced, 
and several of the syllables viciously changed. 
This defect is analogous to stuttering, but differs 
from it in being dependent on too great rapidity 
of speech ; whilst stuttering is characterized by 
continual hesitation, and frequent repetition of 
the same syllables. 
BREE, Supercilium. 
BREED, Race. 

BREEDING, Generation, Pregnant. 
Breeding, Cross. The act of raising or breed- 
ing from different stocks or families. 

Breeding-in-and-in. The act of raising or 
breeding from the same stock or family. 
BREELLS, Spectacles. 

BREGMA, Brechma, Brechmus, from (3p£%civ, 
'to sprinkle;' Foutanel'la, Sin'ciput. The top 
of the head was thus called, because it was be- 
lieved to be humid in infants; and, according to 




gome, because it was conceived to correspond to 
the most hatnid part <>f the brain. 

BREGMATODYMIA, see Cephalodymia. 

BRENNING, Burning. 

BREPIIOCTONON, Conyxa squarrosa. 

BREPHOTROPHB'UM, Ecthelobrepkotrophe'- 
„„,, frur '« Dew-born child,' and rpiQtiv, 

«to nourish.' A foundling hospital. 

]tl! KS! I.LI-yr, Csesalpina sappan. 

BRE'VIA YASA, Short Vt—eU. This name 
n given to BeTeral branches of the splenic 
arteries and veins, which arc distribnted to the 
great enl-dssae of the stomach. 

BB EYIS CUBITI, see Anconeus. 

BRICK, (F.) Brique. 1 1 < ► t bricks are some- 
time- used to apply heat to a part, aa to the ab- 
domen in colic, or after the operation for popli- 
teal aneurism : or. reduced to very fine powder, 
and mixed with fat, as an application to herpetic 
and psorio affections. 

Brii k^. Forna'eea Testa or Tile* were for- 
merly bruised in vinegar, and the liquid was used 
• in cutaneous affections. They en- 
tered, hIso, into a cerate used for scrofulous hu- 
mours, Ac. To the Terra Forna'cum, or Brick 
. the same virtues were assigned. 

BRTCKLIKE SEDIMENT, see Lateritious. 

BRICUMUM, Artemisia. 

BRIDE (P.). 'a bridle.' Frenulum, Reti- 
nae'vlunt. This term is given, in the plural, to 
membranous filaments, which are found within 
deep-seated wounds, and which pre- 
vent the exit of pus. The term is, also, applied 
to preternatural adhesions, which occur in cica- 
trices of the skin, in the urethra, or in inflamed 
serous of synovial membranes. 

BRIER, WITT). Rosa Oanina. 
see Kidney. Bright' a disease of the. 

BRIGHTON, CLIMATE OF. The air of this 
fashionable watering-place, on the south coast of 
England, is dry. elastic, and bracing. Its cli- 
mate appears to the greatest advantage in the 
autumn and early part of the winter; when it is 
somewhat milder and more steady than that of 
Hastings. Accordingly, it is adapted for all 

', which a dry and mild air at thi- 
of the year proves beneficial. In the spring 
months, owing to the prevalence of, and its ex- 
to, north-east winds, the climate is cold, 
harsh, and exciting to the delicate. It is well 
adapted for convalescents, and for all who require 
a dry and bracing sea air. 
BRIMSTONE, Sulphur. 
BRINE, Muria. 

BRINTON ROOT, Leptandria purpurea. 
BRTON. Corallina. 
BRIQUE, Brick. 

This town is three leagues from Cherbourg, in 
France The water contains chloride of iron. 
BRIQUETE, Lateritious. 
BRISE-COQUE (F.), from briter, 'to break 
to pieces,' and eoqne, 'a shell.' An Instrument 
I by Heurteloup for breaking to pieces 
a vesical calculus, after it has been 
hollowed by his mandrin & virgnle. 

brieer, 'to break to pieces, and pierre, 'a Btone.' 
An instrument invented by Jacobson for crash- 
ing the -tone in the bladder. 

BRISTOL BOT WELL, Brietolien'eii Aqua. 
is about thirteen miles from Bath, in 
England. The water is an almost pure thermal; 
y aoidulated. It contains chlorides of 
lium and sodium, sulphate of soda, sul- 
phate of lime, carbonate of lime, carbonic acid, 

oxygen and azote. Temperature, 71° Fah. The 
IL.i Well has been long celebrated. Its action 

is like that of thermal waters in general The 

climate id' Bristol is mild, and hence the watt r 

has been celeb rated for the cure of incipient pul- 
monary consumption. See Clifton. 


BROAD, Sax. bjian. Lotus, (F.) Large. Any 
body IS SO termed whose transverse extent is 
considerable compared with its length. The 
Broad Bone*, such as the frontal, parietal, occi- 
pital, iliae, aid in forming the parietes of splanch- 

nic cavities. Broad khtteUi generally occupy 

the parietes of cavities, and especially those of 
the chest and abdomen. The epithet has also 

been applied to other parts— BUS to the broad liga- 

m> ntt of the womb, Ac. 

BROCCOLI, Brassies sabellica. 

BROCHOS, $pox°s. La'qucns. A bandage. 

BROCHT, Vomiting. 

BROCn'THUS, faox$os, Gula. The throat. 
Also, a kind of small drinking vessel. — Hipp. 

BROCHUS. Pfjoxog. This name has been given 
to one who has a very prominent upper lip, 
According to others it means one whose teeth 
project in front of the mouth. 

BRO'DIUM. A synonym of Jut or JWcuZum. 
Broth, or the liquor in which any thing is boiled. 
Bro'dium »<i(in — a decoction of salt. 

BROIEMENTy see Cataract, Laceration —6. 
de la Pierre, Lithotrity. 

BROKELEAK. Rumex bydrolapathum. 

BROKEN DOSES, see Doses, broken. 


BROMA, Aliment, Bromine. 


BROMATOG'RAPHY, Bromatograph'ia, Bro. 
mog'raphy, Bromograph'ia t from 0pmua, 'food,' 
and YfitKpn, 'a description.' A description of ali- 

BROMATOL'OT.Y. Bromatolog"ia, Sitiol'ogy, 
from /fyw^n, 'food,' and Xuyos, 'a discourse.' A 
treatise on food. 

BROME, Bromine. 

BROMEGRASS, Bromus ciliatus — b. Soft, 

BromuS ciliatus. 

BROME'LIA ANA'NAS, called after Glaus 
Bromel. a Swede. Oar 1 duns Braaih'a'nue, Ano 1 - 
nat ova'ta sen acttlea'ta, Anat'sa, Capa-Iaink'kn, 
Aua'udi or Pine Apple, Sour sop. Order, Bro- 
meliacem. A West India tree, which produces 
the most delicious of fruits. 

Bromb'lia Pingdin, Ana'naa America' na, Pin- 
t/iiin. Broad-leaved utild Ana'naa, Ac. The West 
India plant, which affords the Pinguin fruit. The 
fruit is refrigerant, and the juice, when ri; 
austere. It i~ used t<> acidulate punch. A wii e 
is made from the Pinguin, which is very intoxi- 
cating, and has a good flavour. 

BROMIC, Bro'mictu; same etymon as Bro- 
mine Containing bromine. 

BROMIDE OF IRON, Bee Bromine — b. of 
Mercury, see Bromine — b. of Potassium, Bee 

BROMIDRO'SIS, from /Wo?, 'stench,' and 
'lipux;, '-went.' Offensive sweat. 

BROMINE, ffro'miHttui (Ph. V. S., 1842), Bra* 
min'ium il s .">h, Broma, Bromin'eum, Bro'minm, 
Bro'mina, Bromum, ilu'rina, Muride, l!r<>m<. 
A simple body, of a very volatile nature, and 
highly offensive and suffocating odour, whence 
its name, from /fyw/ioj, 'a stench.' It i- met with 
chiefly in sea-water, and in many animal an 1 
Vegetable I". dies that live therein. It has like- 
wise been found in many mineral waters of this 
and other countries. In its chemical relations, 
it may he placed between chlorine and iodine. 
With oxygen it forms an acid — the Bromic, and 
with hydrogen another — the JlydroLroiuiv. 




Pure Bromine; Bromide of Iron, FerriBro'- 
midum, Ferrum broma'tum, (F.) Br'omure de Fer, 
in solution, Hydrobromate of* Iron, Fern hydro- 
bro'mas, Ferrum hydrobro' rrticum oxyda'tum, (dose, 
gr. i or ij,); and Bromide of Potassium, Potas'sii 
bro'midum, (F.) Bromure de potassium, have been 
used medicinally, and chiefly in scrofulosis — 
internally, as well as applied externally. Bro- 
mine may be dissolved in forty parts of distilled 
water, and six drops be commenced with as a 
dose. Bromides of Mercury {Hydrar'gyri Bro'- 
mida, (F.) Bromures de Mercure), have been given 
in syphilis. The protobromide and the bibromide 
are analogous in composition and medicinal pro- 
perties to the corresponding iodides of mercury. 
Chloride of Bromine, Bromin'ii cldo'ridum 
— made by passing chlorine through bromine, and 
condensing the resulting vapours by cold, has been 
prescribed internally, as well as externally, in 
cancer; but chiefly in the latter mode, in the 
form of a caustic paste, either alone or with other 
chlorides — as those of zinc, antimony, and gold. 
BROMIUM, Bromine. 
BROMOGRAPHY, Bromatography. 
BROMOS, /Jpwjuoj. One of the cerealia, sup- 
posed, by some, to be oats. See Avena. 
BROMUM, Bromine. 

BROMURE DE FER, see Bromine- b. de 
Mercure, see Bromine — b. de Potassium, see 

BROMUS CILIA'TUS, B. purgans, Brome 
grass; indigenous: Order, Graraineae ; is said to 
be emetic, and anthelmintic [?], cathartic and 
diuretic. It purges cattle. 

Bromus Glaber, Triticum repens. 
Bromus Mollis, Soft Brome Grass. The seeds 
are said to cause giddiness in man, and to be 
fatal to poultry. 

Bromus Purgans, B. ciliatus — b. Temulentus, 
Lolium temulentum. 

BRONCHARCTLA, Bronchiostenosis. 
BRONCHECTASIS, Bronchia, dilatation of 

BRONCHES, Bronchia — b. Ganglions lym- 
phatiques des, Bronchial glands. 
BRONCHI, Bronchia. 

BRON'CHIA, Bron'chicp., Bronchi, from (3poy- 
Xos, 'the throat.' The Latins used the term 
Bronchus for the whole of the trachea ; whilst 
they called its ramifications Bronchia. Bronchia, 
Bronchia, and Bronchi, (F.) Bronches, now mean 
the two tubes, with their ramifications, which 
arise from the bifurcation of the trachea, and 
carry air into the lungs — Can'nulce pidmo'num, 
Syria'yes seu Cana'le* aerif'eri. 

Bronchia, Dilatation of the, Dilated Bron- 
chia, Bronchec'tasis, Bronchiectasis, Dilatatio 
bronchia' 'rum. The physical signs of this condi- 
tion are the following: Percussion usually clear, 
but not unfrequently less so than natural, although 
very seldom quite dull. A uscultation detects coarse 
mucous or gurgling rhonchi, increased by the 
cough, combined with, or replaced by, bronchial 
or cavernous respiration, which is often effected 
as if by a sudden puff or whiff. The resonance 
of the voice is increased, but it seldom amounts 
to perfect pectoriloquy. The most common situa- 
tions for dilated bronchia are the scapular, mam- 
mary, or lateral regions. They are almost always 
confined to one side. 

Bronchia, Obliteration or Compression of 
the. The inspiratory murmur on auscultation 
is weaker or wholly suppressed over a limited 
portion of the chest; the expiration is generally 
more distinct and prolonged : all the other con- 
ditions are natural. 
BRONCHIiE, see Bronchia. 

BRON'CHTAL, Bronchic, Bronchia'lis, Bron'- 
ehicus, (F.) Bronchial, Bronchiuu.c. That which 
relates to the bronchia. 

Bronchial Arteries, (F.) Arteres Rronchiques. 
These are generally two in number, one going to 
each lung. They arise from the thoracic aorta, 
and accompany the bronchia in all their ramifi- 

Bronchial Cells, (F.) Cellules bronchiques. 
The Air-cells ; the terminations of the bronchia. 

Bronchial Cough, (F.) Toux bronchique, T. 
tubaire. This generally accompanies bronchial 
respiration. They both indicate obstruction to 
the entrance of air into the air-cells. 

Bronchial Glands, Glan'dulce Vesalia'ncs, 
Glands of Vesa'lius, (F.) Glandes bronchiques, 
Ganglions lymphatiques des bronches, are nume- 
rous glands of an ovoid shape; of a reddish hue 
in the infant, and subsequently brown and black, 
seated in the course of the bronchia. Their func- 
tions are unknown. The bronchial glands may 
be presumed to be affected by scrofulosis, when, 
in addition to the existence of tumours in the 
neck, percussion gives a dull sound under the 
upper and central part of the sternum, whilst 
there is no appreciable lesion of the lungs. 

Bronchial Nerves, (F.) Nerfs bronchiques, 
are furnished by the two pulmonary plexuses. 

Bronchial Phthisis, see Phthisis bronchial — 
b. Respiration, see Murmur, respiratory. 

Bronchial Veins arise from the last divisions 
of the arteries of the same name, and pass, on 
the right side, into the vena azygos ; on the left, 
into the superior intercostal. 

BRONCHIC, Bronchial. 

BRONCHIECTASIS, Bronchia, dilatation of 

BRONCHIITIS, Bronchitis. 

BRON'CHIOLE, Bronchiolum, Bronchiolus ; 
diminutive of Bronchium or Bronchus. A minute 
bronchial tube. 


BRONCHOSTENOSIS, Bronchiarc'tia, from 
Pp°YX°s> <a bronchus,' and arevwais, 'contraction.' 
Contraction or narrowness of the bronchi. 

Pseudomembranetise, Polypus bronchialis. 

BRONCHI'TIS, Bronchii'tis, Inflamma'tio 
bronchio'rum, Catar'rhus Pidmo'num seu bron- 
chia' rum, Pleuri'tis hu'mida seu bronchia'lis, 
Bronchos' ta si 8, Angi'na bronchia'lis, Pul'monary 
Catarrh, (F.) Inflammation des Bronches. In- 
flammation of the lining membrane of the bron- 
chial tubes. This is always more or less present 
in cases of pulmonary catarrh ; and is accompa- 
nied by cough, mucous expectoration, dyspnoea, 
and more or less uneasiness in breathing. The 
acute form is accompanied with all the signs of 
internal inflammation, and requires the employ- 
ment of antiphlogistics followed by revulsives. 
The chronic form, Tussis seni'lis, Catar'rhus seni'- 
lis, Rheuma catarrha'le, Peripneumo'nia notha, 
Bronchorrhoz'a acu'ta, Winter Cough. Chronic 
Catarrh, may be confounded with phthisis; from 
which it must be distinguished mainly by the 
absence of hectic fever and of the physical signs 
that are characteristic of the latter, as well as 
by the nature of the expectoration, which is ge- 
nerally mucous, although at times muco-purulent. 
When the expectoration is little or none, the bron- 
chitis is said to be dry, dry catarrh, (F.) Gatarrhe 

When bronchitis affects -the smaller tubes, it is 
termed capil'lary bronchi'tis, bronchi'tis capilla'- 
ris, bronchoc'ace infantilis [?], and is often fatal 
to children. Vesic'ular bronchitis is the term 
proposed by M.M. Rilliet and Barthez for the 
vesicular pneumonia of children. 



BBoncHim, Catarrh — b. Asthenic*, Peripneu- 
ni(ini;i Doiha — b» Capillary, see Bronchitis — b. 
Chronic, Be« Bronchitis — b. Crouposa, Polypus 
broncbialis-— b. Convulsive, Pertussis — I • 
dativa, Polypus broncbialia, 

schitis, Mbchak'k vi.. Inflammation of 
the lining membrane of the air-tabes, induced by 
the inhalation of irritating par 

BaoxcHiTifl Mkmbrakacba, Polypus bronehia- 
lii — h. Plastic, Polypus bronohialis — b. Pseudo- 
membranous, Polypus bronohialui — b. Bummer, 
Fever, bay — 1>. Vesicular, see Bronchitis. 
BRONCH [US, Sterno-thyroideua. 
BRONCHLRM M I T 1 S, Polypus broncbialia. 
BRONCHOCACE, Peripneumonia notba — b. 
Infantilis, see Bronchitis. 

BRONCHOCE 'LB, from (ipoyxos, * a bronchus,' 
and Kr,\r;. 'tumour.' An inaccurate name for the 
affection which is called, also, Bo'ekium, Botium, 
Boeium, Hernia gut'turit sen guttura'lie sen bron- 
ehia'lie, Guttur tu'midum sen globo'tum, Trqche- 
lophy'ma, Thyroee'li, Thyreooe'li, Trachi 
Track* loce'le, Thyremphrax'it, Thyreophrax'ia, 
Thyrophrax'ia, Tkyreon'cue, Thy ron' cut, Deiron'- 
-iiui. Qo'tium, Exechebron'chue, 
Gongro'ua, Struma, titan*. Tuber gutturo'mum, 
GutUfria, Sn\. the Derbyshire w ck, Swelled //<<•/,•, 
]\. a. Goitre, <fcc, (F.) Goitre, Gouitre, I 
fropkie 'lu Corp* ThyroWde, Groeee Gorge, Grot 
i 'mi. Tins is no rupture, but consists of an en- 
largement of the thyroid gland. It is common 
at the base of Lofty mountains in every part of 
the world; and has been supposed to be owing 
to the drinking of snow-water, but it occurs 
where there is no snow. The tumour is some- 
times very extensive. Iodine has great power 
over it, and will generally occasion its absorp- 
tion, when the case has not been of such dura- 
tion as to have ended in a cartilaginous condition. 
BRONCHOPHONY, Resonance— b. Pectorilo- 
quons, Pectoriloquy^b. Strong, Pectoriloquy. 

BRONCHI >PLAS'T 1 1 J, Brouchoplae'ticwt, from 
(ipo-y^us. 'a bronchus,' and t\hoow. ' I form.' An 
epithet given to the operation for closing fistula: 
in the trachea : Bron'choplaety. 

mo'nia, from ^oy^of. "a bronchus,' and Pneumo- 
nia. Inflammation of the bronchia and lungs. 

BRONCHORRHCB'A, (F.) Bronckorrhte, Co- 
tan-In' pituiteuXfPhlegmorrhagie pulmonaire,Flux 
hromckique, from i3poy\oi. 'bronchus,' and ptio, 'I 
How.' An increat i secretion of mucus from the 
air pa-- mpanied or not by inflammation, 

— a gleet, a- it were, of the pulmonary mucous 
membrane. When excessive, it may constitute 
Phtkitie pituito'ea sen mnos'so, Myeo-pkthi'eie. 
BROHCHORRBOSA AODTA, Bronchitis (chronic). 
BRONCHOTOME, Bronckot'omue, from P oy- 
%os, and TCfiiciv, 'to cut.' A kind of lancet, with 
■ blunt and rounded point, mounted "ti a handle, 
and fitted to a canula, which passes in along with 
it. and is allowed to remain in the spelling n.a-f 
in the trachea. 

BRONCHO! OMY, Bronelotom'ia, (P.) Bron- 

ch<it<<ni"\ Same etymology. A surgical operation, 

which consists in making an opening either into the 
trachea,! Tracheotomy:) into the larynx, I Laryn- 

t into both, i Traehea-laryugot 
extract torei<_m bodies or to permit the passage of air 
to the lungs. Thesedifferenl parts are divided trans- 
■ or rertieally. according to circumstances. 

see Respiration. 

BRONCHUS, see Bronchia, Trachea. 

BKOOKLIME, Veronica bcccabttOga, 

BROOM, Sophora tinetoria, Spartium - 
rium — b. Butcher's, Rueeus — b. Clover, Sophora 

tinetoria — b. [ndigo, Sophora tinetoria — b. Rape, 
of Virginia, Orobanche Virginians — 1>. Spanish, 

Spartium junceiim — b. Yellow. Sophora tinetoria. 

n|. Broesardiere is a chateau in Bas-Poitou, 

Prance. The waters contain carbonates of iron 
and lime, chloride of sodium, and sulphate of 

lime. They are aperient. 
BR08SE, Brush. 
BROTH, CHICKEN, see Chieken Broth. 

BROTH, VbGBTABI S. 'fake two potatoes, a rnr- 
roi, and an ONION, all cut tine: boil in a quart of 
water for an hour, adding more water from time 
to time, so as to keep the original quantity : fla- 
vour with salt, and a small quantity of potherb* j 
strain. A little mushroom catchup improi 

BROTHER, UTERINE, see Uterine. 


BROUS'SAIST. One who is a believer in. and 
r of. the physiological and pathological 
opinions of BroussaU. The system itself was 
called Bboossaism, or the Phyeiologieal Doc- 

BROW, Front — b. Ague, Neuralgia frontalis. 

BROWN RED, Colcotbar. 

BROWN'IAN, Broumo'nian, Brnno'nian. Re- 
Iating to the system or opinions of John Brown. 

1'. R ii W X I S M, Bru'nonietn, Bruno' nianiem. 
The doctrines of Brown. 

BROWNIST, Browno'nian, Bruno' nian. A 

follower of the s\>telil of Brown. 

r.i: i"C'EA ANTI-DY8ENTER'ICA. Called 
after Bruce, the Abyssinian traveller. B. ferru- 
gin'ea, Anguttu'ra npu'ria, (F.) Fausse Angus- 
ture, A. Ferrugineuee. The systematic name of 
the plant whence was obtained — it was supposed 
— false Angustura or false Cueparia Hark. It 
is really the bark of Strvchnos nux vomica. 

BRUCIA, Brucine. 

BRUCINE, Bru'cia, Bruci'na, Bruci'num, 
Bru'cium, Pseudangusturi'nutn, Canirami'num, 
Canira'mium, Vom'icine, Angus'twine, An orga- 
nic, salifiable base, discovered in the false angus- 
tura — Iirm-t a anti-dysentt r'ica, and obtained from 
Strychnot nux vom'ica. Jr is of a pearly white; 
crystallizes in oblique prisms with a parallelo- 
grammatic base; IS very bitter, slightly acri<l 
and styptic, and BOluble in Water, but more BO in 
alcohol. Brucia is a less active poison than 
strychnia. Jt resembles it, however, and may 
be need as B substitute for it and for the extract 
of nux vomica. Dose, half a grain. 

These spring- are in Bavaria, and contain car- 
bonic acid and iron. 

Brueourt ia three leagues and a half from Caen. 
in Normandy. The waters contain carbonic acid, 
chloride of sodium, and sulphate of soda, much 
sulphate »>f lime, Ac 

BRUICE, Pnrunculus. 

BRUISE, Contusion, 

BRUISE-ROOT, Stylophorum diphyllum. 

BRUISEWORT, Bellis Baponaria. ' 

BRUISSEMENT I" . Frem'ifus. This word 
has much the same signification as Bourdonm ment, 
as well a< limit. 

BR I ' I T i 1'. . • sound.' A French term, applied 
to various sounds heard on percussion and aus- 
cultation, viz. : 

B mi r DEORA Q i ■ /; '/ 1: s r, n. a\ nra n tr- 
im at, limit ill mi,- in iif. t'ri </< mir. ' sound of 

oraokling, or bursting, or of new leather.' A 

■OUnd produced by the friction of the pericar- 
dium, when dried and rougheucd by inflamma- 



BRUIT DU CCEUR FOETAL, Battemens dou- 
bles, Double bruit du Coeur da F<£tus. The pul- 
sations of the foetal heart heard in auscultation 
in the latter half of utero-gestation. 

BRUIT DE CUIR NEUF, Bruit de craque- 

BRUIT DE DIABLE, Ronflement du Liable, 
Bruit de souffle d double courant, 'noise of the 
diable. or humming-top.' Venous hum. A high 
degree of Bruit de soufflct, heard on auscultating 
the arteries or veins — probably the latter — of the 
neck ; in chlorosis. It denotes an impoverished 
state of the blood. 

Bruit du Catur, foetal — b. eP 'Expansion, pulmo- 
nale, see Murmur, respirator}- — b. de Frolement, 
see Frolement — b. de Froissement pulmonaire, 
see Froissement pulmonaire — b. de Frolement 
pSrieardique, see Frolement pericardique. 

ET DESCENDANT, 'sound of friction of ascent 
and descent.' Sounds produced by the rubbing of 
the lung against the parietes of the chest, as it 
rises and falls during inspiration and expiration. 
They are distinctly heard in pleuritis, when the 
pleura has become roughened by the disease. 
Friction sounds, Rubbing sounds, To-and-fro 
Sounds are also heard in pericarditis and perito- 

BRUIT HUMOR 10 UE, B. Hydropneuma- 
tique. The sound afforded on percussion when 
organs are filled with liquid and air. 

humorique — b. de Jappement, see Sifflement mo- 
dule — b. de Lime a bois, see Bruit de Scie. 

BRUIT DE MOUCHE (F.), 'fly sound.' A 
sound analogous to the Bruit de diable — so called 
from its likeness to the buzzing of a fly — heard 
on auscultating the neck in chlorotic cases. 

BR UIT M USCULAIRE. The sound accom- 
panying the first sound of the heart, referred by 
some to muscular contraction. Called, also, 
Bruit rotatoire, in consequence of its having 
been thought to resemble the rumbling of dis- 
tant wheels. 

BRUIT MUSICAL, Sifflement module.. 

BRUIT DE PARCH E MIX. 'parchment 
tone.' A sound as if produced by two sheets of 
parchment applied to each other. It is said to 
be produced by thickening and rigidity of the 
valves of the heart. 

BRUIT DE PIAULEMEXT, see Sifflement 

BRUIT PLACEXTAIRE. B. de souffle pla- 
centaire ou uterin, Souffle uterin ou placentaire, 
Placental bellows' sound, Utero-placen'tal mur- 
mur, Uterine murmur. The bellows' sound heard 
on auscultating over the site of the placenta in a 
pregnant female. It does not appear to be ow- 
ing to the placental vessels; but to the uterine 
tumour pressing upon the large vessels of the 

BRUIT BE POT FELE, 'sound of a cracked 
vessel.' Cracked pot sound. A sound heard on 
percussion, when a cavern in the lungs is filled 
with air. and has a narrow outlet. It is not diag- 
nostic, however. 

BRUIT DE RACLEMEXT, 'sound of scrap- 
ing.' A sound produced by the scraping of hard, I 
solid membranes, as the pericardium, against each [ 
other, very analogous to Bruit de eraquement. 

BRUIT DE RAPE, 'sound of a rasp.' A| 
sound heard during the contraction of either the [ 
auricles or ventricles. It is constant: and the I 
contraction of the cavity is more prolonged than ; 
natural, and emits a hard, rough, and — as it were 
- -stifled sound. 

It indicates contraction of the valvular orifices 
by cartilaginous deposits, or ossification, and is 
better heard near the apex of the heart, if the 
auriculo-ventricular valves be concerned, — near 
the base, if the semilunar valves be the seat of the 


BRUIT ROTATOIRE, Bruit musculaire. 

BRUIT LE SCIE, or 'saw sound.' and Bruit 
pe lime a bois, or ' file sound,' resemble the Bruit 
de Rape. v 

RANT. Bruit de Diable. 

BRUIT DE SOUFFLET, Bruit de Souffle, 

'bellows' sound,' 'blowing sound.' A sound like 

that of a bellows, heard occasionally by the ear 

applied to the chest during the contraction of the 

ventricles, auricles, or large arteries. It coexists 

with affections of the heart, but is heard, also, 

without any disease of that organ, — whenever, 

l| indeed, an artery is compressed. An Encephalic 

Ij bellows' sound. (F.) Bruit de souffle eephaiiquc, 

J has been described by Drs. Fisher and Whitney. 

,: It is heard on applying the ear to the occiput or 

to the top of the head; and is considered to indi- 

|! cate turgescence of vessels, or inflammation. 

J When such turgescence exists, the vessels are 

I' compressed, and the compression gives rise to 

,! the sound in question. [?] 

Bruit de soufflet — b. de Souffle placentaire, 
Bruit placentaire — b. de Souffle uterin, Bruit 
placentaire — b. de Tiraillement, Bruit de eraque- 

BRUIT DE SOUP APE, 'valvular or flap- 
ping noise.' A sound heard in respiration, when 
a foreign body is in the air passages. It some- 
what resembles the flapping of a valve; hence its 
French name. 

BRUIT DE TAFFETAS, 'sound of taf- 
feta.' 'Sarcenet sound.' A respiratory sound, 
so named, by M. Grisolle, from its resembling the 
sound caused by the tearing of a piece of taffeta : 
and which he considers to indicate hepatization of 
the lung, limited to the surface, in pneumonia. 

BRUIT TYMPANIQUE, 'tympanic sound.' 
The clear sound afforded by percussing the sto- 
mach and intestines when containing air. 

BRUIT UTERIN, B. placentaire. 

BRUITS DU CCEUR, see Heart. 

BR UK, Furunculus. 


BRUXELLE. Prunella. 

BRUNNER'S GLANDS, Brunneri Glan'dula?, 
G. Brunnerta'ua seu solita'rim, Solitary gland* 
or follicles. Second pan'creas. Compound muci- 
parous follicles, seated between the mucous and 
muscular coats of the stomach, along the two 
curvatures of that organ, and in the duodenum ; 
so called from their discovery having been gene- 
rally attributed to Brunner. The solitary intes- 
tinal follicles are often known, at the present 
day. as the glands of Brunner, although Brunner 
restricted the latter term to the glands of the 

BRUNONIAN, Brownian. 


B RUN US. Ervsipelas. 

BRUSCUS, Rosens, 

BRUSH, Scop'ula, (F.) Brosse. A well-known 
instrument, used in medicine chiefly for the fol- 
lowing purposes: — 1. To clean the teeth. 2. To 
remove the saw-dust which adhere? to the teeth 
of the trephine, during the operation of trephin- 
ing. 3. To rub the surface of the body, for the 
purpose of exciting the skin, and favouring trans- 
piration. Westring, a Swedish physician, has 




recommended metallic brushes for the purpose 
of conveying galvanism to a part. These brushes 
consisl of i plate of ebony fitted tit another of 
gold, in which threads of the same metal are 
fixed: — the brash being connected with one of 
the pol i ilvanic pile. 

Bri ■:. Excutia ventriculi. 

BRUTA, Juniperus sabins. 
BRU'Tl \. Asortof thick pitch, obtained from 
Brutia. in Italy. From Pix Brutia was obtained 
the O'/iimi Pici'num. 
Brutia, Instinct. 

BRUTINO, Terebinthina, 


BRUXANELLI. A Malabar tree, the bark 
and leaves of which have a strong smell, and are 
astringent On the coast of Malabar, its juice, 
mixed with butter, is applied to boils. Its hark 
eined to he diuretic, and its roots anti- 

BRUTERE VULGAIRE, Erica vulgaris. 

Bruycr. < is a small village. 7} leagues from 
Luneville. The waters are acidulous and chaly- 

BRYCETfK. see Algidus, 


BRYGMA, Bryqmua, Trieit, Prixix, Prixmus, 
Odonti 'dor Den'tium, (F.) Grincement 

des Dent*. Grinding of the teeth. A common 
symptom, in children, of gastric or other derange- 
ment, but often present when there is no reason 
to suspect any. 

BR YONE, Bryonia — b. d'Amerique, Convol- 
vulus Mechoacan. 

BRYO'NIA AFRICA'XA, African Bry'ony, 
from i3,,vto, 'I bud forth.' A South African 
plant, common amongst the Hottentots, which, 
in the form of decoction, acts simultaneously as 
an emetic, cathartic, and diuretic. It is used by 
the natives tn cutaneous diseases, dropsy, and 
syphilis. The tincture is a powerful emetic and 
cathartic. — Tbun 

Brto'hia Alba, White Bry'ony, Vitiz nlha 

a'gria, . Bryo'nia tu'pera seu J)i- 

Ohelido'nium, Labrue'ca, Me- 
W thrum, Ophroetaph'ylon, Peilo'thmm. Ord. 
Cueurl Sy*t. Afonoecia Monadelphia. 

(F.) Co . V. blanche, Navel 

dn diabli on galant. The root is large and suc- 
culent, and has an acrid, bitter, and disagreeable 
It is ■ drastic cathartic. Externally, it 
has been applied, in form of cataplasm, in gout 
"When repeatedly washed, a good starch is ob- 
tained from it. The active principle has been 
separated from it. and called Bry'onine. 

vulus jahipa — b. Nigra, Tamus communis — b. 
Peruviana. Convolvulus jalapa. 

BRYONINE, see Bryonia alba. 

BRYONY, BLACK, Tamus communis— b. 
White, Bryonia ali.n — b. Wild, Syoios angulatus. 

BRYT1 \. Marc of grapes. 

BR YTOLA TURE, see Cerevisia. 

BRYTolK. see Cerevisia. 


BU, 0ov, abbreviation of ;3ovs, 'an ox.' in com- 
| greatness.' Hence 

Bui! in us, Buphthalmia, 

BUI RDIUM, Artemisia vulgaris. 

BUBE, Pustule. 

BUBO, ($ov(3uv, Pano'chia, Panun inguina'lie, 

Adenophy'i i inguina'lie, Bubonopa'mte, Bubo- 

non'cun, Bubon'cue, Gambit' ca, Angtu, Boubon, 

'la, (F.) Bubon, Poulain. In 

the works of Hippocrates and Galen, this word 


sometimes signifies the groin — hirjurn ; at other", 
the inguinal glands; and at others, again, swell- 
ing or inflammation of these parts. The moderns 
apply the term to an inflammatory tumour 
in the groin or axilla, and they generally distin- 
guish — 1. Simjile or Sympathetic Bubo, which is 
independent of any virus in the economy. 2. 
Venereal Bubo, (F.) Bubon venirien, which is oc- 
casioned by the venereal virus. :;. /'■ ttilemtinl 
Bubo, or B. symptomatic of the Plague. The last 
two have by some been called malignant Bubo, 
(F.) Bubon vinfin. 

Primary Bubo, (F.) Bubon primitif, shows i*. 
sclf with the first symptoms of syphilis: the con- 
secutive not till afterwards. 

BUBON, Bubo, Inguen— b. Gummiferum, see 
Ammoniac gum. 

BUBON l/KMBLEE (F.). An enlargemenr 
and suppuration of one or more of the inguinal 
glands, not preceded by any other of the more 
common forms of venereal disease, nor by any 
other syphilitic symptom. 

Bi-bon Gal'banum. The systematic name of t 
plant which has been supposed to afford galbn- 
num: Meto'pion, MaU/rium. The plant is al-o 
called Fer'ula Africa' na, OreoeeU'num Africa'- 
Rum, Ani'eum frutieo'eum galbaniferum sen Af- 
rica' num. frutee'eene, Seli'num Galbanum, Agaeyl'- 
lis gal'banum, The long-leaved or lovage-leaved 
Gal'banum. Ord. Umbellifera?. The plant can 
j scarcely, however, be considered to he determined. 
: By the Dublin College, it is referred to Oj 

Galbanif'era, Ord. Umbelliferae. Galbanum is 
; the gummi-resinous juice. Its odour is fetid, and 
taste bitter and acrid: the agglutinated tears are 
of a white colour, on a ground of reddish-brown. 
, It forms an emulsion when triturated with water, 
I and is soluble in proof spirits of wine, and vine- 
gar : sp. gr. T212. It has been given as an anti- 
spasmodic and expectorant, in pill or emulsion. 
Dose, from gr. 10 to 60. Externally, it is applied 
as a cataplasm. 

Bubon galbanum is a South African plant; and 
is reputed to be an excellent diuretic, under the 
name of Wild Celery. A decoction of the leaves 
is given in dropsy and gravel. According to 
Pappe, the resinous matter, which exud< 
the stem, differs in appearance, smell, and in 
every respect, from Gummi Galbanum. 

Bubon Macedon'icuit, Athaman'ta Macedon'- 
iea, Petroeeli'num Macedon'icum, A'pium petra'- 
um, Petra'pium, (F.) Pemil de Macidoine, Mace- 
do' nian Partley. Its properties are similar to 
those of common parsley, but weaker and less 
grateful. The seeds are an ingredient in the 
celebrated compounds, Mithridate and Theriac 

BUBONA, Nipple. 

BUBONALGIA, from fafav, 'the groin,' and 
aXyoi, ' pain.' Pain in the groin. 


BrBn'Xir.\l..Uvr.W7/Y»«, Cobhn Star wort. 
A plant anciently supposed to be efficacious in 
diseases of the <rrojn, from j3oi(]iov, 'the groin.' 

BUBONOCE'LE, from ftou&uv, 'the groin,' an I 
107X17, ' tumour,' 'rupture.' Her'nia i>i<j< 
In'guinal Hernia, Rupture <•/ the Groin. V 
Ilernie inguinale. Some surgeons have con fiat i 
this terin to hernia when limited to the L r roin. 
and have called the same affeotion, when it has 
led to the scrotum, Oecheoce'le, Scrotal 
Hernia. The rupture passes through the abdo- 
minal ring: and. in consequence of the greater 
size of the opening in the male, it is more fre- 
quenl in the male sex. 



BUBONOREX'IS, from /JoujW, 'the groin.' 
and pii^s, 'a rupture.' A name given to bubono- 
cele when accompanied with a division of the pe- 




ritoneum, or when, in other words, it is devoid 
of a sac. 

BUBON'ULUS, Bubun'eulus. A diminutive 
of Bubo. A painful swelling of the lymphatics 
of the penis, extending along the dorsum uf that 
organ to the groin. It is an occasional accom- 
paniment of gonorrhoea. 

BUBUKLE. A word used by Shakspeare for 
a red pimple on the nose. 

BUBUNCULUS, Bubonulus. 

BUCAROS, Terra Portugallica. 

BUCCA, Gnathos. The mouth. The cheek 
and hollow of the cheek. Also, the vulva. 

BUCCAC'RATON, from Bucca, and K pau, 'I 
mix.' A morsel of bread sopped in wine, which 
served of old for a breakfast. — Linden. 

BUCCAL, Bucca' lis, from Bucca, 'the mouth,' 
or rather ' the cheek.' That which concerns the 
mouth, and especially the cheek. 

Buccal Artery, Artere Sus-maxiUaire, (Ch.) 
arises from the internal maxillary or from some 
of its branches, as the Temporalis profunda an- 
tica, or the Alveolar. It distributes its branches 
to the buccinator muscle, and to the buccal mem- 

Buccal Glands, 3folar Glands. Mucous fol- 
licles, seated in the buccal membrane, opposite the 
molar teeth. They secrete a viscid humour, which 
mixes with the saliva, and lubricates the mouth. 

Buccal Membrane, (F.) Membrane Buccale. 
The mucous membrane, which lines the interior 
of the mouth. 

Buccal Nerve, Buccina'tor Nerve, Buccola- 
bial — (Ch.), is given off by the inferior maxillary. 
It sends its branches to the cheek, and especially 
to the buccinator muscle. 

Buccal Vein follows the artery. 

BUC'CEA, Buccel'la. The fleshy excrescence 
of nasal polj'pus, so called because it was believed 
to proceed from the mouth. — Paracelsus. Also, 
a mouthful. 

BUCCELA'TON, Buccela'tus. A loaf-shaped 
cathartic medicine; made chiefly of scammony. 
— Ae'tius, Paulus of iEgina. 

BUCCELLA, Bolus, Buccea. 

BUCCELLA'TIO. A mode of arresting hemor- 
rhage, by applying a pledget of lint to the bleed- 
ing vessel. — Avicenna, Fallopius. 

BUCCINA, Turbinated bones. 

BUCCINA'TOR, from buccinare, 'to sound 
the trumpet.' The Buccina'tor Muscle, Retrac'- 
tor An'guli Oris, Bucco- Alt eolo-maxill aire, Alce- 
olo-labial — (Ch.), Manso'rius, is situate in the 
substance of the cheeks. It extends between the 
posterior portions of the alveolar arches of the 
two jaws and the commissure of the lips, which 
it draws backward. It assists in mastication, by 
pushing the food back towards the teeth; and, 
if the cheeks be distended by air, its contrac- 
tion forces it out. 

BUCCO. One who is blub-cheeked, or wide- 
mouthed. In composition, the mouth. 


BUCCO-LABIAL NERVE, Buccal nerve. 

BUCCO PHARYNGEAL, Bucco-Pharynge'- 
us, (F.) Bucco-Pharyngien. Belonging to the 
mouth and pharynx. The Bucco-pharynge'al 
Aponeurosis or Intermax' illary Liy'ament, ex- 
tends from the internal ala of the pterygoid pro- 
cess to the posterior part of the lower alveolar 
arch, and affords attachment, anteriorly, to the 
buccinator, and, posteriorly, to the constrictor 
pharvngis superior. 

BUC'CULA, from Bucca, 'the mouth.' A 
small mouth. The fleshy part beneath the chin. 
— Bnrtholine. 

BUCERAS, Trigonella fcenum — b. Foenum 
Grsecmn, Trigonella foenum Grrecum. 

BUCHU, Diosraa crenata — b. Leaves, Diosma 

BUCKBEAN, Menyanthes trifoliata— b. Ame- 
rican, Menyanthes verna. 

BUCK BERRY, Vaccinium stamineum. 


BUCKEYE, iEsculus hippocastanum. 

BUCKHO, Diosma crenata. 


BUCKU, Diosma crenata. 

BUCKWHEAT, Polygonum fagopyrum — b. 
Plant, eastern, Polygonum divaricatum. 

BUCNEMIA, see Elephantiasis — b. Tropica, 
see Elephantiasis. 

BUCTON, Hymen. 

BUFF, INFLAMMATORY, Corium phlogis- 

BUFFY COAT, Corium phlogisticum. 

BUG, (BED,) Cimex. 

BUGANTIA, Chilblain. 

BUG'GERY, Sod'omy, Sodom'ia, Co'itus So- 
domit'icus, (I.) Bugarone. Said to have been 
introduced by the Bulgarians : hence the name. 
A carnal copulation against nature, as of a man 
or woman with any animal ; or of a man with a 
man, or a man unnaturally with a woman. The 
unnatural crime. 

BUGLE, Prunella — b. Common, Ajuga rep- 
tans — b. Pyramidale, Ajuga — b. Rampante, Aju- 
ga reptans — b. Water, Lycopus Virginicus — b. 
Weed, Lycopus. 

BUGLOSE, Anchusa officinalis. 

BUGLOSS, DYER'S, Anchusa tinctoria — b. 
Garden, Anchusa officinalis — b. Upright, Ajuga. 

BUGLOSSA, Anchusa officinalis. 

Anchusa officinalis — b. Latifolium, Borago offici- 
nalis — b. Sativum, Anchusa officinalis — b. Syl- 
vestris, Anchusa officinalis — b. Tinctorum, An- 
chusa tinctoria — b. Verum, Boracic acid — b. 
Vulgare majus, Anchusa officinalis. 

BUGRANDE EPINEUSE, Ononis spinosa. 

BUGRANE, Ononis spinosa — b. des Champs, 
Ononis arvenis. 

BUGULA, Ajuga — b, Chamrepitys, Teucrium 
chama^pitys — b. Pyramidalis, Ajuga — b. Rep- 
tans, Ajuga reptans. 

BUIS, Buxus. 

sard is two leagues from Chateau-Thierry, in 
France. The water contains chloride of calcium 
and carbonate of lime. 

BULB, Bulbus, (F.) Bulbe. A name, given 
by anatomists to different parts which resemble, 
in shape, certain bulbous roots. The Bulb of the 
Aorta is the great sinus of the Aorta. Bulb of a 
Tooth ; the vascular and nervous papilla con- 
tained in the cavity of a tooth. The Bulb or 
Root of the Hair is the part whence the hair 
originates. The Bulb of the Urethra is the 
dilated portion formed by the commencement 
of the Corpus spongiosum towards the root of 
the penis. We say, also, Bulb, for Globe, of the 

Bulb of the Eye, see Eye — b. of the Female, 
Bulbus vestibuli — b. Rachidian, see Medulla 

BULBE, Bulb — b. Rachidien, see Medulla 
oblongata- — b. du Vagin, Bulbus vestibuli — b. de 
la Voute a trois Pilicrs, Mamillary tubercles. 

BULBI FORNICIS, Mamillary tubercles— b. 
Priorum Crurum Fornicis, Mamillary tubercles. 

B U L B C A S T A N E U M, Bunium bulbucas- 

BULBO-CA VERNE UX, Accelerator urime. 

BULBO-CAVERNOSUS, Accelerator urina^ 
b. Syndesmn-carerneux, Accelerator uriuaj — b. 
Urethral, Accelerator urinae. 

BULBOCODIUM, Narcissus pseudonarcissus. 




RULBOXAC1I, Lunaria rcdiviva. 

mlemt Bulb: 
a particular kind, so denominated by the an- 
cients. It is supposed to have been thi 
n'tea. — Dioseoridee, Celsus, Pliny, Ae. 
Bri.ui I Blai Proventriculus — b. 

Medulla 1 spinalis. Medulla oblongata — b. Oeuli, 
. Olfaotorius, Bee Olfactory Nerves — 
b. Pili. see Hair — b. Raehidicus. see Medulla ob- 
i — h. Vagina), 15. vestibeli. 
1W : i i.!, B. Vagi'nm, Plexus reti- 

form'ia seu retieula'ria iea eaoerno'aua, Orura 
clitor'idia inter'na, Bulb or Semi-bulb of i 

'In Vagin, A close-packed 
• of intricately anastomosing veins, inclosed 

in a fibrous investment, — being an immediate 
continuation and extension of the pars intt rmedia, 

xrapying the spaoe between the beginning 
or vestibule of the ragina and the rami of the 
pubic arch on each ride. It u regarded by 
Lauth. Taylor, saorgagni and Kobelt as the ana- 

f the male bulb. 

.< - VoHTro'RIUS. A plant, said l>y Dios- 

- to be emetic and diuretic It is the 
ifuek-grape flower, according to Kay, — the Bya- 
einthua ifuecari, 

BULESIS, Voluntas. 

BULGA, Vulva. 

BULIMIA, Boulimia, 

BU'LITHOS, from iJovs, 'an ox,' and XtSo?, 
.' A bezoar or stone, found in the kid- 
gall-bladder, or urinary bladder of an ox 
or COW. 

BULLA, (F.) Bnlle. A Bleb, (Sc.) Blcib. A 
portion of the cuticle, detached from the skin by 
the interposition of a transparent, watery fluid. 
It forms the 4th order in Willan's and Bateman's 
arrangement of cutaneous diseases, and includes 
erysipelas, pemphigus, and pompholyz. By 
Bulla has been used synonymously with 
Pemphigue. Bee, also, Hydatid. 

BULLACE PLUM, Primus in Sitia. 

Nabotbi glandules. 

BULLDOG, Tabanus. 

BULL-FISTS, Lycoperdon. 

BULLOUS, Bullo'aue, (F.) BuJleux. Having 

relation to a bulla or bleb, u B ' ballon* eruption.' 

Pemphigus has been designated Maladie bul- 

and Fitvre buUeuse, when accompanied by 


BULL8EGG, Typha latifolia. 

BUMBLERITES, see Rubus fruticosus. 

BUMELLIA. Fraxinus excelsior. 

BUM-GUT, Rectum. 

BUNA, Coffee Arabic*. 

I irolina, Mineral Waters of. 

l:i NDURH, Corylus eveUana. 

BUNBWAND, Heraoleom spondyUum. 

BUN 1 AS, Brassies nanus. 

BUNIOID, Napiform. 

BUNION, Bunyon. 

BUNI'TES VINUM. A wine, made by in- 
tbe /Jiiiiiiim in must. It is stomachic, but 
; used. 

BUNIUM C AKVL ('arum. 

P. i 'mi m \s'tanim, Bowiov, so called, 
if ha* been supposed, from growing on bills, from 

. 'a hill.' or from the tuberosity of • 
/>. mintte, lido iioniH 1 id hum. Slum bulbocaetanum, 
Scandex bulbocaetanum, Carutn bulbocaetanum. 
. Umbellifera?. The systematic name of a 
plant, whose root is called Pig-nut, Agri\ 
Hum, Nu'cula Bulbocae'tanum main* et 

. Earth-nut, Hunk-nut, Kipper-nui 
Aruut, (P.) Terre-noix. The root is tuberous, 
and is eaten raw or roasted. It has been sup- 

posed to be of use in strangury. It is not cm- 
ployed in nudicine. 

BUNNIAN, Bunyon. 

BUNWEED, Seneoio Jacol 

BUN'YON, Bun' ion, Bun'ttiam, from (Jowoc, 
'an eminence.' [?] An enlargement and in- 
flammation of the bursa muooSS at the inside of 
the ball of tin' great toe. 

BUOPHTHALMIA, Buphthaimia. 

BUPEINA, Boulimia. 

BUPHTHALM1 HERBA, Anthemis tinotoria. 

BUPHTHAL'MIA, Buophthal'mia, BupktkaV- 
phantom'nta, from puvs, 'an o.\.' and o<p- 
Sn^pos, 'an eye.' Ox-eye. Under this nam-', 
the generality of authors have designated tho 
first Btage of bydrophthalmia. Others, with Sa- 
batier, mean by it, turgescence of the vitreous 
humour, which, by pushing the iris forwards, 
forms around the crystalline a sort of border. 

Pyrethrum — b. Majus, Chrysanthemum leucau- 

BUPHTHALMUS, Hydrophthalmia, Semper- 
vivum tectorum. 

BUPINA, Boulimia. 

BUPLEUROIDES, Bupleurnra rotnndifolium. 

pleu'ron, BupleuroVdee, from (hv, augmentative, 
and irlcvfjov, 'side.' (P.) Buplivre, Percefeuille, 
Round-leaved ffare'e Ear, Thorounoax. 
Umbelliferse. The herb and seeds arc slightly 
aromatic. It was formerly celebrated for curing 
ruptures, being made into a cataplasm with wine 
and oatmeal. 

Ill' I' Lis V BE, Bupleurum rotnndifolium. 

BUR AC. Borax. Also, any kind of salt. 

BURBOT, see Oleum Jecoris Aselli. 

BURDOCK. Arctium lappa — b. Lesser, Xan- 
thium — b. Prairie. Silphium terebinthaceuni. 

BURIAL ALIVE. Zoothapsis. 

BURIS, Hernia, accompanied by scirrhous 
tumefaction; or, perhaps, a scirrhous tumour 
only. — Avicenna. 

BURN. Sax. bepnan or bynnan, 'to burn or 
bren.' Ua'tio, Ambua'tio, Adua'tio, Treaia ' 
Erythe'ma Ambua'tio, Cauaia, Encau'aia, Pyri- 
cnua'tum, Oombuatu'ra, Cataeau'ma, Combua'tio, 
(F.) Brulure. An injury produced by the action 
of too great heat on the body. Barns arc of 
greater or less extent, from the simple irritation 
of the integument to the complete destruction of 
the part. The consequences are more or less 
Bevere, according to the extent of injury, and the 
part affected. Burns of the abdomen, when ap- 
parently doing well, are sometimes followed by 
fatal results. Their treatment varies, — at times, 
the antiphlogistic being required; at others, one 
more stimulating. 

BURNEA, see Pinna Sylvestris. 

BURNET, CANADA. Sanguisorba Cana- 

FLUID. A solution of chloride of sine, first 
used by Sir William Burnett for preserving tim- 
ber, canvass, Ac., from dry rot, mildew, 4c, and 
afterwards as an antibromic aud antiseptic, 
cially in the case of dead bodies. The Dublin 
Pharmacopoeia has a /.in<-i Cfdo'ridi Liquor, So- 
lution o/ Ckloridt of Zinc, which is not near so 
strong as Sir William's preparation. 

l.l UNIX 1 !, Brenning. A rationed 

by old historians, from which authors have un- 
successfully endeavoured to demonstrate the an- 
tiquity of syphilis. — Parr. 

BURNING OF THE FEET, - I t, burn- 
ing of the. 

Bl l:.\T HOLES. \ variety of rupia, popu- 
larly l.n tWD In Ireland under thi- name ; and not 




unfrequent there amongst the ill-fed children of 
the poor. See Rupia escharotica. 

BURR, Rotacismus. 

BURR AGE. Borago officinalis. 

BUR-REED, GREAT, Sparganium ramosum. 

BURR II, Rotacismus. 

Spirit of Burrhus for diseases of the Womb. It 
is prepared by digesting, in alcohol, equal parts 
of myrrh, olibanutn, and mastic. Boerhaave fre- 
quently prescribed it. 

BURSA CORDIS, Pericardium— b. Omentalis, 
see Epiploon, gastro-hepatic — b. Pastoris, Thlaspi 
bursa — b. Testiuin, Scrotum — b. Virilis, Scrotum. 


BURSJE MUCO'SiE, B. viuco'sm vesiculates, 
Bursal seu Cap' sides synovia'les, Blennoeys' tides, 
Sacci muco'si, Vesi'ccp, unguino'acB ten'dinum, 
Vagi'nas Synovia'les seu mucilagino'sce, Syno'vial 
Crypts or Foll'icles, (F.) Bourses Synuviales ou 
muqueuses ou mucilagineuses. Small membranous 
sacs, (from fivpira, ' a bag, a purse,') situate about 
the joints, particularly about the large ones of 
the upper and lower extremities, and, for the 
most part, lying under the tendons. They are 
naturally filled with an oily kind of fluid, the use 
of which is to lubricate surfaces over which the 
tendons play. In consequence of bruises or 
sprains, this fluid sometimes collects to a great 
extent. The bursas are, generally, either of a 
roundish or oval form, and they have been ar- 
ranged under two classes, the spherical and the 

Burs.e Synoviales, Bursae mucosa?. 

BURSAL, Bursa' lis. Relating or appertain- 
ing to bursae. — as a 'bursal tumour.' 

BURSALIS, Obturator internus. 


Burse'ra Gummif'era, B. acumina'ta, Tere- 
binth' us r/innmif'era, Jamaica Bark Tree. Or- 
der, Terebinthaceaj. A resin exudes from this 
tree, which, as met with in the shops, is solid 
externally ; softish internally ; of a vitreous frac- 
ture ; transparent; of a pale yellow colour ; tur- 
pentine smell, and sweet, perfumed taste. It has 
been used like balsams and turpentines in gene- 
ral, and is called, by the French, Cachibou, Chi- 
bou, and Re sine de Gomart. 

BURSITIS, see Synovitis. 

BURST, Hernia, Hernial. 

BURSTEX, see Hernial. 

BURSULA. Scrotum. 

BURTHISTLE, Xanthium. 

BUR TREE, Sambucus. 

BURUNHEM, Monesia. 

BURWEED, Xanthium. 

BURWORT, Ranunculus acris. 

BUSH, JEW, Pedilanthus tithvmaloides. 

sang is a village in the department of Vosges, 
France. The waters are acidulous chalybeates. 

BUSSEROLLE, Arbutus uva ursi. 

zoar'dic Spirit of Bussins. A preparation, re- 
garded as sudorific, diuretic, and antispasmodic ; 
obtained by distilling subcarbonate and muriate 
of ammonia, amber, oil of cedar or juniper, &c. 

island is in the Frith of Clyde, about 18 miles 
below Greenock. The climate is mild and equa- 
ble, but rather moist ; and, as a winter residence, 
it holds out advantages for those only that ap- 
pear to demand such a condition of the atmo- 
sphere. The climate resembles, in character, 
that of the S. W. of England and France, and 
the Channel islands; although its temperature is 

BU'TEA FRONDO'SA, Erythri'na monosper'- 

ma, Rudolph'ia frondo'sa, see Kino. A tree, 
common in Bengal, and in the mountainous parts 
of India; Nat. Ord. Legurninosae ; from which 
gum butea flows. Dr. Pereira found this gum to 
be identical with a specimen marked gummi ru- 
brum astringens — the gomme astringente de Omm- 
bie of M. Guibourt. By some, this gum has been 
confounded with kino. 

BUTIGO, Gutta rosea. 

BUTOMOX, Iris pseudacorus. 

BUTTER, from ,6ovTvpov; itself from (lovs, 'ox,' 
and rvpos, 'any thing coagulated.' Buty'rum, 
Pice' r ion, (F.) Beurre. A sort of concrete oil, 
obtained from the cream that forms on the sur- 
face of the milk furnished by the females of the 
mammalia, especially by the cow and the goat. 
Fresh butter is very nutritious, whilst the rancid 
is irritating. The ancient chemists gave the 
name Butter to many of the metallic chlorides. 
It has also been applied to vegetable substances, 
which resemble, in some respects, the butter ob- 
tained from milk. The essential fatty matter in 
it is bu'tyrin or bu'tyrate of glyc" erin. 

Butter of Antimony, Antimonium muriatum. 

Butter of Bamrouc or Bamboc, (F.) Beurre 
de Bambouc ou Bambuk. A vegetable oil ob- 
tained from a species of almond, and used in 
Senegal in neuralgic and rheumatismal pains. 

Butter of Ca'cao, Oil of Ca'cao, Oleum Ca- 
cao spissa'tum, 0. Thcobro'mas Cacao expres'sum, 
(F.) Beurre de Cacao, Huile de Cacao. A fat 
substance, of a sweet and agreeable taste, ob- 
tained from the Theobroma cacao or chocolate 
nut. Owing to its firmness and fusibility, it is 
well adapted to serve as the constituent of sup- 

Butter of Cocoa, (F.) Buerre de Coco. A 
fatty, concrete substance, which separates from 
the milk of the cocoa nut. It is sweet and 

Butter and Eggs, Narcissus pseudonarcissus 
— b. Kokum, see Garcinia purpurea — b. of Nut- 
megs, see Mvristica. 

BUTTERI3UR, Tussilago petasites. 

BUTTERCUPS, Ranunculus acris, and R. 

BUTTERFLY-WEED, Asclepias tuberosa. 

BUTTERMILK, (Prov.) Chum-milk, Kern- 
milk, Whig, (Sc.) Btadoch, Bledoch,Bladda, Kirn- 
milk, Sourmilk, (F.) Babeurre, Lait de Beurre. 
The thin, sour milk, separated from the cream by 
churning. It contains caseum and a little butter. 
It is a refreshing drink when newly made. 

BUTTERTEETH, Incisive teeth. 

BUTTER WEED, Erigeron Canadense, 

BUTTERWORT, Pinguicola vulgaris. 

BUTTOCK-HUMP, Steatopyga. 

BUTTOXBUSH, Cephalanthus occidentalis. 

BUTTONWOOD SHRUB, Cephalanthus occi- 

BUTUA, Pareira brava. 


BUTYRIX, see Butter. 

BUTYRUM, Butter — b. Amygdalarum dul- 
cium, Confection (almond) — b. Saturni, Unguen- 
tum plumbi superacetatis — b. Zinci, Zinci chlo- 

BUVEUR, Rectus internus oculi. 

[ tonien'ses Aquce. Buxton is a village in Derby- 
shire. The springs are thermal, and about 82° 
| Fahrenheit. They contain sulphate of soda, 
J chloride of calcium, chloride of sodium, chloride 
i| of magnesium, carbonate of lime, carbonic acid, 
II and azote. They are used in cases in which 
i thermal springs, in general, are recommended. 
J| They contain little or no mineral impregnation. 

BUXUS, Buxus sempervi'rens. The Box-tree, 
[, (F.) Bids ou Bonis. The leaves are bitter and 

B Y N E 



aromatic, ami, a? such, have been used in me li- 
cine, in OUM of worms, dyspepsia, A:c., in the 
form of decoction. They are BOmetimes, also, 
added to beer. The seed was anciently called 
Onrthi ''/'<». 

BYNE, Malt 

BY'RETHRCM. A sort of cap or Cnnrrechef, 
filled with eepbalie substances. — Porestus. 

Springs are in the town of Byron, Genesee coun- 
ty. New York. The water is a nearly pure dilute 
sulphuric acid. They are powerfully astringent 
and tonic. 

BYRSA, iivoaa. A leather skin to spread 
plasters upon. 

BYRSODEP'SICON. A tan Bfcuff, with which 
C.klils JSuBBLLUTUfl sprinkled wool, which he 

applied in certain cases to the umbilical region ; 
from (Ivpau. ' leather/ and istfrsu, ' I tan.' 


BYSAU'CHEN, from (3™, 'I stop np, 
av%riv t 'the neck.' A morbid stillness of the- 
neck. One with a short neck, — Simotraei 

BYSSOS, Vulva. 

BYSSUS, Byaaum. The ancients gave this 
name to several vegetable Bubstanoes, 
used for the fabrication of stud's prised for their 
fineness, colour, and rarity of material. It is 
now chiefly applied to the filaments, by the ai 1 
of which the acephalous mollusea attach their 
shells to the rucks. BysstU was formerly kit » 
applied to the female pudendum. 

BYTHOS, 0v$o S , ' depth.' An epithet used by 
Hippocrates for the fundus of the stomach. 

C. This letter in the chemical alphabet sig- 
nifies nitre. It is also sometimes used in pre- 
scriptions for calx. 

CAA-AP'IA, Dorete'nia Brazilien'sis seu cor- 
difo'lia seu placenta*' dee sen vitel'la. Order, 
Urticese. The root, according to Piso, is employed 
as emetic and anti-diarrhoeic. 

CAA-ATAY'A. A plant of Brazil, supposed 
to be a species of gratiola. It is very bitter, 
and considered to be one of the best indigenous 

CAACICA. Euphorbia capitata. 

CAA-GHIYU'YO, Frutex bae'ei/er Brazilien'- 
ei*. A shrub of Brazil, whose leaves, in powder, 
are considered detersive. 

CAAOPIA, Hypericum bacciferum. 

CAAPEBA, Pareira brava, Pothomorpha pel- 
tate and P. umbellata. 

CAAPONGA, Crithmum maritimum. 

CAAROBA. A Brazilian tree, whose leaves, 
in decoction, promote perspiration. See Cera- 

CABAL, Cab' a la, Cnbal'la, Col'bala, Caba'lia, 
Sjab'ala, OabaUa. This word is from the He- 
brew, and signifies knowledge transmitted by 
tradition. Paracelsus and several authors of the 
16th and 17th centuries have spoken much of 
this species of magic, which they distinguished in- 
to Juda'ie or theolo'yian, and Hermetic or medic" - 
nuil ; the latter being, according to them, the 
art of knowing the most occult properties of 
- by an immediate communication with 
spirits, — the knowledge being thus acquired by 
inspiration, and incapable of inducing error. It 
was also called Ars eabaUt'tica seu «iyna'ta, 'ca- 
balistic art.' 

CABAL'HAU. A plant of Mexico, according 
to Dalcchamps, which passes for an antidote to 

white hellebore, and ye( is used lor poisoning 

arrows. It is unknown to botanists. 

CAB'ALIST, Cabal in' ta. One instructed in 
the Cabal. 

CABALLATION, Cynoglossum. 

CABARET, Asa rum. 

CABBAGE, Brassioa — o. Cow, Nymphaa odo- 
rata — c. Irish, Dracontium foetidum — c Skunk, 
Dracontium fOBtidum — c. Swamp, Dracontium 

foetidum — a Water, Nymphaa odorata— o. Tree, 
Geoffrass inermis — o, Bark tree, Geoffnea inermis. 

C kBB IGIUM, Geoffrssa inermis. 

CABOTZ, Hagenia Abyssinica. 

CABUREIBA, see Myroxylon Peruiferum. 

CABUREICIBA, see Myroxylon Peruiferum. 

CACvE'MIA, Cucha'mia, from kokos, 'bad,' 
and 'aifia, 'blood.' A faulty or morbid condition 
of the blood. 

CACESTHE'SIS, CacaoBxthe'sis, Caco&sthe'- 
sis, from kcikos, ' bad,' and aiadrjais, ' feeling.' 
Morbid sensation. Morbid general feeling. In- 

CACAFERRI, Ferri subcarbonas. 

CAC'AGOGUE, Cacago'ytts, Cac'cagogne, Cac- 
cago'gus, from KaKKn, 'excrement,' and aytiv, 'to 
expel.' An ointment, composed of alum and 
honey; which, when applied to the anus, pro- 
duced an evacuation. — Paulus of iEgina. 


phor'binm. Ord. Compositae. A plant, which 
Dodoens and others considered to be capable of 
tempering the caustic properties of euphorbium. 
It is also called Klein' ia. 

Many varieties of the Cacalia are used, in dif- 
ferent countries, chiefly as condiments. 

CA'CAO, Ca'coa, Caca'vi, Quakoil, Cacava'ta. 
The cocoa or chocolate nut; fruit of Theobro'ma 
Cacao, Co'coa Cacavi/'era, Ca'cao minor seu 
eati'va, Cacao theobro'ma, (F.) Cacaoyer ou Ca- 
caotier ordinaire. Family, Malvaceae. Sex. 
Syet. Polydelphia Pentandria. 



CACATION, Defecation. 

CACATORIA, Diarrhoea. 

CAC'ATORY, Cacato'riue, from caeare, 'to go 
to stool.' Febri8 cacato'ria; a kind of intermit- 
tent fever, accompanied by copious alvine evacua- 
tions. — Sylvius. 


CACAVI, Cacao, Jatropha manihot. 

CACCAGOGUE, Cacagogue. 

CACCE, Excrement. 

CACCION'DE. A sort of pill, chiefly formed 
of catechu, recommended by Baglivi in dysentery. 

CACEPHSBOTE'SIA, from koto;, 'bad,' and 
£0t/?orv?, 'puberty.' Morbid puberty. Dbea.-e 
occurring at the period of puberty. 

CACHALOT, see Cetaceum. 

CACHANG-PARANG. A sort of bean of Su- 
matra, mentioned by Marsden, whose seeds are 

given in pleurisy. Jussieu considered it to be the 
Mimo'ea tcandetu. 

CACHECTIC, Cachec'te$, Cachec'ticxu, (F.) 
Oachectique, same etymon as Cachexia, One at- 




tacked with cachexia. Belonging to cachexia. 
Cachec'tica remed'ia are remedies against ca- 

CACIIELCOMA, Helcocace. 
CACHEN-LAGUEN, Chironia Chilensis. 
CACHET (F.), 'a seal.' A stamp or medicine 
stamp, used by the ancient Romans for marking 
their drags, especially those prescribed in dis- 
eases of the eyes; and hence called, by some, 
oculist stomps. Some of those more lately dis- 
covered amongst Roman antiquities, have been 
described by MM. Sichel and Duchalais, and by 
Prof. Simpson, of Edinburgh. 

CACHEX'IA, from kukos, 'bad,' and 'ti-is, 
* habit.' Status cachee'ticits, Cach'exy, Dysthe'sis, 
(F.) Gachexie. A condition in which the body 
is evidently depraved. A bad habit of body, 
chiefly the result of scorbutic, cancerous, or ve- 
nereal diseases when in their last stage. Hence 
we hear of a Scorbutic Cachexia, Cancerous Ca- 
chexia, &c. Snuvages and Cullen have included 
under this head a number of diseases — consump- 
tions, dropsies, <fce. Cachexia has been some- 
times confounded with diathesis. Cachexia Ic- 
ter'ica is jaundice or icterus itself, or a disposition 
thereto. Fluor albus is sometimes called Ca- 
chexia Uteri'ua. 

Cachexia Africana, Chthonophagia — c. Cal- 
culosa, Lithia — c. Cancerous, see Cancer — c. 
Chlorotic, Chlorosis — c. Dysthetica, D3'scrasia. 

Cachexia, Gaol. The deteriorated organic 
actions induced by confinement in prisons, which 
is so often the precursor of scrofula. 
Cachexia Icterica, Icterus. 
Cachexia Londinen'sis. The paleness and 
other evidences of impaired health presented by 
the inhabitants of London. A similar cachexia is 
seen in those of other crowded cities. 

Cachexia, Lymphatica Farcimixosa, see 

Cachexia, Marsh, (F.) Cachexie 2>aludeenne, 
ou palustre. The state of cachexy observed in 
malarious districts. 

Cachexia, Saturnixa, Saturnismus — c. Scor- 
butic, see Purpura — c. Scrophulosa, Scrofula. 

Cachexia Sple'xica. The state of scorbutic 
cachexia, which often accompanies diseases, es- 
pecially enlargement of the spleen, Splenal' gia 
Mengalen'sis, in India. 

Cachexia Venerea, Syphilis — c. Venous, Ve- 
nosity — c. Virginura, Chlorosis. 

CACHEXIE, Cachexia — e. Iodee, see Iodine 
— c. Paludeenne, Cachexia, marsh — c. Palustre, 
Cachexia, marsh. 

CACHEXY. Cachexia. 
CACHfUOU. see Bursera gummifera. 
CACHINLAGTJA, Chironia ehilensis. 
CACHINNA'TIO, from caehinno, <I laugh 
aloud.' A tendency to immoderate laughter, as 
in some hysterical and maniacal affections. 

CACHIRI. A fermented liquor made, in Cay- 
enne, from a decoction of the rasped root of the 
manioc. It resembles perry. 

CACHLEX. A small stone or pebble, found 
on the sea shore. One of these, when heated in 
the fire, and cooled in whey, communicates an 
astringency to the liquid, so that it was anciently 
esteemed to be useful in dysentery. — Galen. 

CACHOS. An oriental fruit, apparently of a 
Solanum, which is esteemed lithontriptic. 
CACHOU, Catechu. 

CACHRYS LIBAXO'TIS. An umbelliferous 
plant which grows in Africa and the south of 
Europe. It is aromatic and astringent. Its seeds 
are extremely acrid. 

Cachrys Maritima, Crithmum maritimum. 
CACHUN'DE. An Indian troch or pastile 
composed of amber, mastic, musk, cinnamon, 
aloes, rhubarb, galanga, pearls, rubies, emeralds, 

garnets, &e. It is regarded by the people of In- 
dia as an antidote, stomachic and antispasmodic. 
CACO, kuko, properly only an abbreviation of 
KaKog. In composition it means something de- 
fective : as in the following words : 
CACOyESTHESIS. Cacaesthesis. 
CACO-ALEXITERIA, Alexipharmic. 
CACOCHOL'IA, from «a<coj, 'bad,' and x n ^Vt 
'bile.' Diseases induced by a depraved condition 
of the bile. 

CAC'OCHROI, Cac'ochri, from teams, 'bad,' 
and XP oa > 'colour.' Diseases in which the com- 
plexion is morbidly changed in colour. 

CACOCHYL'IA, from kukos, 'bad/ and X vXos, 
'chyle.' Depraved chylitication. 

CACOCHYM'IA, Kakochym'ia, Corrup'tio 
Humo'rum, from kclkos, 'bad.' and y^o?, 'juice.' 
'humour.' Cacocli'ymy. Depravation of the 

Cacochyjiia Plcmbea, Lead poisoning — c. 
Scorbutica, see Purpura — c. Scrophulosa, Scro- 
fula — c. Venerea, Svphilis. 

CACOCH'YMUS, 'Cavochym'icus. One attacked 
with cacochymia. Belonging to cacochyima. 

CACOCNE'MUS, Cacocne' 'miens, Mails suris 
pradi'tus; from kukos, 'bad,' and Kvrjp.T}, 'the 
leg.' One who has bad legs. 

CACOCORE'MA, from kukos, 'bad,' and K opt<o, 
1 1 purge, or cleanse.' A medicine which purges 
off the vitiated humours. 

CACODyE'MON, from kukos, 'bad.' and 6ai^v, 
'a spirit.' An evil spirit, to which were ascribed 
many disorders. The nightmare. 

CACO'DES, from kukos, 'bad,' and o^eiv, 'to 
smell' — male olens. Having a bad smell; Caco'- 
dia, Caeos'mia. 

CACODIA, see Cacodes. 

CACOETR'BS,Cacoeth'icns, (F.) Caeofrhe, from 
kukos, 'bad,' and cSos, 'disposition, habit/ <fcc. 
Of a bad or vitiated character, as ulcus cacoeth'es, 
an ulcer of a malignant character. 
CACOETHICUS, Cacoethes. 
CACOGALAC'TIA, Cacogn'lia, from kukos, 
'bad,' and yu\a, gen. yaXaKjos, 'milk.' A bad 
condition of the milk. 

CACOGALAC'TICA. Same etymon as the last. 
One who suffers from a bad condition of the milk. 
CACOGALIA, Cacosjalactia. 
CACOGEN'ESIS, (F.) Cacogenese, from kukos, 
'bad,' and ytvcais, 'generation.' A morbid for- 
mation. A monstrosity. 

CACOMORPHIA. Deformation. 
CACOMORPHOSIS, Deformation. 
CACOPATHI'A, Pas'sio Mala, from kukos, 
'bad,' and iraS-os, 'affection.' A distressed state 
of mind. — Hippocrates. 

CACOPHO'NIA, from kukos, 'bad/ and ^vrj, 
'voice/ vitia'ta vox. A dissonant condition of 

CACOPLAS'TIC, Cacoplas'ticus, DysjAasmat'- 
ic ; from kukos, 'bad/ and irAao-o-u), 'I form.' Sus- 
ceptible of only a low degree of organization, as 
the indurations resulting from low or chronic 
inflammation, fibro-cartilage, cirrhosis, &o. 

CACOPRA'GIA, Cacoprax'is, from kukos, 
'bad/ and tzpuTTu>, 'I perform.' Depraved con- 
dition of the organic functions. 
CACOPRAXIS, Cacopragia. 
CACORRHACHI'TIS, from kukos, 'bad/ and 
pa%ts, 'the spine.' Cacor'rhachis, Caeo*-'hachi«, 
Cacorhachi'tis, Spondylalgia. Deformity of the 
spine. Disease of the spine. Spontaneous luxa- 
tion of the vertebrae and ribs dependent upon 
internal causes. 

CACORRHYTH'MUS, An-hyth'mus, from ku- 
kos, 'bad/ and pv^pos, 'rhythm/ 'order.' Irre- 

CACO'SIS. Mala disposit"io } (F.) Vice. A 




bad condition of body. — Hippocrates. Ad. 
c o 1 1 ■ i ■ ■ ■• 'ii in general. 

[A, from *<uoi, 'bad/ and oitiov, 
'aliment.' l>i-,'U.-t t>r aversion for food — Fas- 
tid'ium eibo'rnnu 
C \.C >SM 1 V. Bee Cac 

ilTM. from taxes, 'bad,' anil au>^a, 
'the body.' An hospital for leprosy, and incura- 
ble affi eraL 

:M i'Sl L, '"' mperma'tia, I 
from Ktucos, 'bad,' and a-c^fta, 'sperm.' 
A be I '• mdition of the .-perm. 

ISPBTX'IA, from i • 1/ and 

■pulse." — Yiliu'tsuti jjut'sus. Bad .-late of 


►SPLANCH'NIA, from race* ' bad/ and 

• a viscus.' Indigestion. The ema- 

ciaiiou dependent upon imperfect digestion. — 


BUS, from k.iko<. 'bad/ and 
i" st imaeh. 1 Whai disagrees with 
the b! im ich. indigestible. — Gorraeus. 

'•! \ rOSPHBBSIAj Breath, offen- 

I8T0MUS, from ram* 'had.' and crop*, 
'a mouth.' Having a bad mouth, or a bad 

I m II \\ ISIA, see Euthanasia. 
CACOTHYM'IA, Vifium A n't mi, from ™<o f , 
n«l fapofc ' mind,' • disposition.' A vicious 
I. — Linden. 
C tCOTRIBULUS, Centaurea ealcitrapa. 

rTBICH'IA, from *a«x, ' bad/ and 0p«& 
T P t X° i - 'hair.' Disease of the hair. 

' rROPB'IA, from Ka K oi, -bad,' and rpo^n, 
'nutrition.' — Vitio'ta mitrit" io • — disordered nu- 
trition. — Galen. 

'0(1, Cagot, Catechu. 

i C0< CIN'EA, Coucin'ea, Coc- 
ciit'<<i. Sehoutba'a . Tikimma. A peren- 

nial twining shrub of South America, the plant 
of which, as well as the fruit, is possessed of 
-cathartic properties. 
GACTIER, (actus opuntia. 
3, Cynara, 

OPUNTIA, Opan'rto, 0. vulga'ri: 
The Indian Fig, . Raquette, Figuier 

cTLkU. This plant grows in 

, E sin, Italy, Ac. Its fruit, which 
has the shape of the t\x. is of a sweetish taste, 
he urine red when eaten. Its leaves 
are considered refrigerant. 

The fruits of different species of cactus are 

Calb'd Tumi*. 

CADA'BA, A genus of the family 

' , natives of India and Arabia. The 

shoots of the Cada'ba farino'ea are consi- 

to be an antidote against venomous bites. 

CADA'VEB, Ptema, Neeron. A dead body, 

- . Corp : a tnojeet ; a carcase, 

idnore. The word has been sup] 

' T fall ;' and by some to be a 
eon 'ra<-t : on from earo <l<itn eermibue, 'flesh given 
worms.' [?] 
CADAVKBIC, Cadaverous. 
c \D IV EBOUS, Ca .).,,-■. 

• idavin n r, i 'adavtriqw . Be- 
longing to the dead body; as eadaverou* tmell. 
■ {av'erouM or Hippoerat'ie face, n ■■ Pace . 
m favourable sign in disease, and generally 
den"' rmination. 

Lv'BBona or Cadat'ibio HrpBBJs'viA. 
The hypostatic hyperemia observed in depend- 
ing I Hi- of the dead bodv. 

CADDY [NSE< /.oa. 

'. .1 aniperus ozycedrus. 
[NDI, Malabatbrum. 
CADKL-AV \.\ MT. Oroton ti-lium. 
CADIA. An Egyptian, leguminous plant. 

.it tribute to its fresh leaves the power 
of relie\ in lt colic 

CADIVA [NS \MA. Bpfl. • 

CADMIA, Calamina, Tutia. 

CADMI'l SULPHAS, Cadmi'um eulphn'rieum, 
Sulpha* Cadmi'cue, M-'i'iii Sulpha*, Klapro'thii 
Sulpha*, Klapro'thium Sulphu'ricum, Melinnm 

Sn/jjliii'riru.u, Sulphate of Cinl'iiiiiiiii. I 

Bpots on the cornea, and in chronic torpid in- 
flammation ttf the conjunctiva, in the quantity 
of half a grain to a grain to the ounce oi 
It docs not differ materially in its properties from 
sulphate of zinc. The nitrate, in the dot 
of s grain, induces vomiting and purging. 


CADRE DU TTMPAN t Tympanal The 
portion of the temporal bone which supports the 
membrane tympani. 

CADTCHU, Catechu. 

CADUCA HUNTERI, Decidua — c Passio, 

CADU'CITY, Tmbecil'litae, Debil'itat, Cadu'- 
citat, from eadere, 'to fall.' The French use the 
word ( 'adueiti for the portion of human life whieh 
is comprised generally between 70 and 80 year-. 
The age which precedes decrepitude. It is bo 
termed in consequence of the limbs not usually 
ing sufficient strength to support the body. 
The precise age must of course vary in indivi- 

CADVQUE, Decidua membrana — e. /.' 
see Decidua membrana — c. Uterine, Decidua — e. 
Vraie, Decidua membrana, 


CADUS, Kudos. A Greek measure equal to ten 
gallons English. — Pliny. Amphora. 

TEBIUS) are situate at the fore and back parts 
of the tuber annulare of the brain, and at the 
extremities of the depression made by the verte- 
bral artery. The former is placed between the 
nerves of the third, and the latter between tlioso 
of the sixth pair. 

(F.) Himorrhoide* aveugles, are those unaccom- 
panied by any disch 

CECAL, Caca'li*. Belonging to the Crecum, 
from deem, 'blind, hidden.' The Cheat arterie* 
and vein* are the branches of the Arteria ■ 
colicce dextra inferioree, distributed to the osacum. 
The Gacal or blind extremity of a duct is its 
closed termination. See Csbcus. 

CICATRIX, Cicatrix. 

Cfi'CITAS, Ces'citae, Cateitu'do, AbUp'eia, 
Obeaea'tio, Occaca'tio, Anap'eia, Tg'phlote*, 
Typhlo'ei*, Ce'oity, Blindne**, (P.) Aveuglement, 
Cieiti, Peru de la rme. Csscitas may be depend- 
ent upon many different diseases — as upon amau- 
rosis, specks, hypopyon, cataract, glaucoma, oph- 
thalmia, atrophy of the eye, &c. 

CjBOitAS Cbupuscularis, Hemeralopia — p. 
Diurna, Nyctalopia — o. Nooturna, Hemeralopia. 

CjECITE, Typhlo-enteritis. 

CiBCITUDO, CsMitas. 

i, Inteeti'num rat-inn, Monam'- 

flrh',11, Mniitmi'iiriiin, Mminrn' l,,,l, M iiimril' I mil , 

Typhlo'teron monoeo'lon, Typhlot'erum, Typhlo- 
in'termn, InW'ium inteeti'ni eraeti, 8accut Inte*- 
tini eratei sen Colt, Caeum ('npnt eoli, Caput eoli, 
Prima eella eoli, Init"ium extn'berant eoli, from 
cacti*, 'blind.' The Blind Out, so called from 
its being open at one end only. That por- 
tion of the intestinal canal which is seated be- 
tween the termination of the ileum and com- 
mencement of the colon ; ami which fills, almost 
wholly, the ri.Lrht iliac fossa; where the perito- 
neum retains it immovably. lis length IS about 
three or lour lingers' breadth. The Jlcu-cacal 



valve or Valve of Bauhin shuts off all communi- 
cation between it and the ileum ; and the Appen- 
dix vermiformia cceci is attached to it. 

Cecum Fora'men of the frontal bone is a small 
cavity at the inferior extremity of the internal 
coronal crest or crista. — Fronto-ethmoidal fora- 
men, (F.) Trou aveugle ou borgne. Morgagni has 
Liven the same name to the small cavity in the 
middle of the upper surface of the tongue, near 
its base; the sides of which are furnished with 
mucous follicles — Lacunes de la langue — (Ch.) 

Cjecvm, Phlegmonous Tumour op the, Ty- 

CECUS. 'Blind.' One deprived of sight, 
Typhlop8, (F.) Aveugle, Borgne. In anatomy, it 
is used to designate certain holes or cavities, 
which end in a cul-de-sac; or have only one 
opening. See Caecal. 

Blind Ducts of the Ure'thra, (F.) Conduits 
aveugles de Vurethre, are the Mucous Lacu'noB 
of the Ure'thra. 

C^ILA-DOLO, Torenia Asiatica. 


blue — c. Borussicum, Prussian blue. 


CJESALPI'NIA, G. sappan, Sappan or Samp- 
fen -wood, (F.) Bresillet, Bois de Stippan. Ord. 
Leguminosa?. Called after Caesalpinus. A small 
Siamese tree, the wood of which is used in de- 
coction, in cases of contusion. 

Brazil wood, Pernambuco or Fernambuco wood, 
formerly used as an astringent, is the wood of 
C.ksalpix'ia Echina'ta. This is the proper 
Brazil wood ; but another variety in commerce is 
the Brasiletto from C&salpinia Brasiliensis and 
C. crista, which grow in the West Indies. 

The Nicaragua or Peach-wood is analogous to 
this, and is said to be derived from a species of 

The kernel of Cesalpix'ia Boxpucell/a, the 
seed of which is called in India Kutkuleja and 
Kutoo Kurunja, is given as a febrifuge tonic. 
Dose, ten grains. 

CESA'REAN SECTION, Ccesa'rean opera- 
tion, Tomotoc'ia,'rea sectio, Partus cassa'- 
reits, Opera'tio ccesa'rea, Jletrotom' ia, (F.) Ope- 
ration Cesarienne, from ccedere, ccesum, ' to 
cut.' An incision made through the parietes 
of the abdomen and uterus to extract the 
foetus. In this manner, Julius Caesar is said 
to have been extracted. — Pliny. It is also 
called Hysterotom'ia, Hysterotomotoc'ia, Gastro- 
v.tetrotom' ia, Gasterhysterot'omy, Gastrometrot'- 
ome, Gastroh ysterot' omy. An incision has been 
made into the uterus through the vagina, consti- 
tuting the Vaginal Cesarean Section, Gastro- 
elytrotom'ia, Gastrelytratom' ia, Gastrocolpotom'ia, 
Laparacolpotom' ia, Laparoelytrotom' ia, (F.) Ope- 
ration cesarienne vaginale. The Caesarean sec- 
tion may be recmircd when the mother dies 
before delivery ; when there is some invincible 
obstacle to delivery from the faulty conformation 
of the pelvis ; or when the child has passed into 
the abdominal cavity in consequence of rupture 
of the uterus. 

CE3ARIES, Capillus, Scalp. 

CESIUS, Glaucoma. 

CE'SONES, Cce'sares. Children brought into 
the world by the Caesarean operation. 

CJESU'LI/E. They who have gray eyes. 


CETCHU, Catechu. 

CAP, Camphor. 

CAFAL, Agrimony. 

CAFAR, Camphor. 

CAFF, Coffea. 

CAFF A LA SULTANE. This name has 

been given to an infusion or decoction of the ground 
coques or pericarps which surround the coffee. 

CAFF CITRIN. The aqueous infusion of un- 
roasted coffee, so called on account of its yellow- 
ish tint. 

CAFEIN, see Coffea Arabica. 

CAFF IFF and CAFF Y FR, Coffea Arabica, 

CAFFA, Camphor. 

CAFFEIN, see Coffea Arabica. 

CAFIFR, Coffea Arabica. 

CAFUR, Camphor. 

CAGAS'TRUM. The principal or germ of dis- 
eases which are communicable. — Paracelsus. 

CAGNFUX, Cagot. See Kyllosis. 

CAGOSANGA, ipecacuanha. 

CAGOTS{¥.). A name given to deformed and 
miserable beings, met with in the Pyrenees. Bern, 
and Upper Gascony, in France, where they are also 
called Capots. In other districts they are called 
Gezits, Gezitains, Cretins, Gahets, Capons, Coli- 
berts, Cacous, Cagneux, &c. See Cretin. The word 
Cagot is supposed to be an abbreviation of Cania 
Gothus, ' Dog of a Goth.' 

CAGUE-SANGUE, Caqnesangne. 

CAHINCE RADIX, Caincae radix. 

CAFEPUT OIL, Caj'eput oil, Kyapnt'ty, Ca- 
jnpu'ti O'leum. The volatile oil of the leaves of 
Melaleu'ca Cajupu'ti, Ord. Myrtaceae, a native 
of the Moluccas. The oil has a strong, fragrant 
smell, like camphor; taste pungent and aromatic. 
It is stimulant, and useful where the essential oils 
in general are employed. It has also been called 
Oil of'Witneben, from the person who first dis- 
tilled it. 

CAIK, Pleurodynia. 

CAIL-CEDRA, Swietenia Senegalensis. 

CAILLE, Tetrao coturnix. 

CAILLE, see Curd. 

CAILLE AU, Lantana. 


CAILLE-LAIT, Rennet — c. Blanc, Galium 
mollugo — c. Vraie, Galium verum. 

CAILLETTE, Abomasus. 

CATLLOT, Coagulum. 

CAINANyE RADIX, Caincae radix. 

CAIN'CJl RADIX, Radix Chiococ'cm, R. 
Caina'nm seu Caninance seu Cahincce seu Ka- 
hinccB seu Serpcnta'ria? Brazilien'sis, Cainca Root. 
The bark of the roots of Chiococc'a anguif'uga 
seu densifo'lia, and, perhaps, Ch. racemo'sa, a 
plant of the Order Rubiaceae. Sex. Syst. Pen- 
tandria Monogynia, of Linnaeus. It is bitter, 
tonic, and diuretic, but has not been long intro- 
duced. Dose of the powder, from £)j to gss. 

Dr. John H. Griscom, of New York, considers 
there is a remarkable analogy between the Cain- 
ca and the Apocynura cannabinum. 

CAINITO, Chrysophyllum Cainito. 

CAIPA SCHORA. A cucurbitaceous Malabar 
plant, the fruit of which has a pyriform shape. 
The juice is drunk in that country for the pur- 
pose of arresting hiccough. The fruit, when un- 
ripe, is emetic. 

CAISSE, Case — c. du Tambour, Tympanum — 
c. du Tympan, see Tvmpanum 

CAITCHU, Catechu. 

CAJAN, Phaseolus creticus 

CAJUPUTI. Caieput. 

CAKES, WORM, STORY'S. These were com- 
posed of calomel and jalap, made into cakes, and 
coloured with cinnabar. , 

Crescentia Cujete. 


Cala'ptum Segtji'ntjm, Nat. Ord. Araceae. A 
plant of India, whose acrid juice has been given 

C A L A F 

1 :. 8 


there in goat and rheumatism, and as an anaphro- 
disiac to women. The tincture ha< been prescribed 
in pruritus vulv;e. 

OALAF, Salix JSgyptiaoa. A large-Ieared 
Egyptian willow, oalled, also, Baa. The dis- 
of the flowers, oalled Maeakale/ t 
in that country, for an ezeellent ant- 
aphrodisiac. It i- 1 1 1 < o Deed us an antiloiinio, 
antbeptio, and cordial. 

CALAOl ILA, see Calaguato radix. 
,:i. Vernon ia anthelmintic*. 
< \ l. \«i 1 K Ml. Vernonia anthelmintic*. 
CALAGUA'L^ RADIX, Calague'l* Radix. 
. [ of Polypn'dium Oalagua'la seu adianti- 

fui'mr gen <<>ria'eenm SOU ammi/o'li urn sea ar- 

<j<u't>it i M-ii pol'itum, Aspid'ium eoria'a 

i die' color, Tecta'ria calahuala 

• / '", ( 'u/afiua/a. Order, 

o exhibited in Italy in dropsy, 
. contasiol s, Ac. Its proper- 

lies are not, however, clear. 
OAL \!i!' \1- V. see Calaguala radix. 
CALAM \.\!>KI\'A. Tenerium ehanuedrya. 
C M- lMBAC, Agalloehnm. 
CALAMB H K, Agallochum, 
CALAM K DON, from r«Aap«* 'areed.' This 
word has had various significations. Some have 
used it for an oblique fracture of a bone; the 
■ 1 portions having the shape of the nib 
of a pen. Others have used it for a Longitudinal 
fracture; and others, again, for one that is coin- 

CALAMENT, Melissa ealamintha. 
OALAMI'NA, Calamine, from calamus, 'a 
lied from its reed-like appearance. 
', C. lapido'sa aSro'ea sen foe'silis. Lapis 
tlatnina'rit, Calamina'rie, Car'- 
b"nnx Zinei impu'rue, Cathmir, (F.) Pierre cala- 
minaire. Native impure carbonate of sine. Cala- 
mine is chiefly used for pharmaceutical purposes 
in the form of the CalAMINA PB-SPARA'tA (Ph. 
imina'ris prapara'tue, Car'bo- 
ua* zin'i impu'rue prespara'tue, Zinei ear 1 bona* 
prespara'tue, Prepared Calamine: — Calamine re- 
■" an impalpable powder by roasting ami 
in. In this state it is sprinkled or 
dusted on excoriated parts, or to prevent exco- 

VINA HIS, Calamina. 
CALAMINT, Melissa Calamintha — c Field, 
. nepeta — c. Mountain, Melissa grandiflora 
. . M< lissa ii'peta. 

CALAMINTHA, Melissa <"'. — c. Anglica, Me- 
-<-. Breota Virginiana, Cunila Mari- 
ana — c Sederacea, Glechoma hederacea — c 
grandiflora — c. Montana, 
Melis.-a grandiflora — o. Nepeta, Melissa nepeta— 
e. Parviflora, Melissa nepeta — o. Pulegii odore, 
nepeta — c. Trichotoma, Melissa nepeta. 
CAL'AMUS, KaXapos, 'the reed.' In the l'har- 
.. the- rhizoma of aeorus 

"i- \u.\ wi-im'm s. Celsus has thus 
i medicine, which was long confounded 
with Calamus Aromatieue. It is not a root, 
however, but the Btalk of a plant of India and 
Egypt, probably the Andropo'gon Nardue. It 
I into the theriaca, and has been regarded 
a~ antihysterio and enunenagogue j — Calamus 
turomaticus rents. 

9, Acorns calamus — c. 
Aromaticua veins, Calamus Alezandrinus — o. 
Draco, C. rotang — c [ndious, sec Saccharum — c. 
•ii», Aeorus calamus, Juncus odoratus. 
Calamus RoTAita, C. Draco. Order, Palmss. 
The systematic name of a plant, whence Dragon's 
Blood, Sanguis Draco' nit, Cinnab'aris Qratco rum. 

Dracontha'mn, ('FA Sang-Dragon, is procured. Tt 
is the red, resinous juice, obtained, in India, from 
wounding the bark of the Calamut Motamg. It has 
been used as an astringent in hemorrhage.-, &«.; 

hut u now rarely emploj sd. 

Ca] IMI s SCRJFTO'an B, Anag' typhi, 'a writing 
pen/ (1. / n •■ angulaire </n quatriin 

tricule. A small, angular cavity, situate at tho 
superior extremity of the medulla, in the fourth 

ventricle of the brain, which has been, bj Bomej 
supposed to resemble a pen. 

CALAMUS Vl LOARI8, Aeorus calamus. 
CALAPPITE. Rumphius bas given this name 

to calculous concretions, found in the interior of 

certain cocoa-nuts. The cocoa-tree itself tl 

lays call Calappa. These .-tones are, likewise, 

termed Vegetable Beeoards. The Malays attri- 
bute potent virtues to them, and wear them as 

CALASAYA, Cinchona? cordifolise cortex. 

CALBALA, Cabal. 

CALBIA'NUM. The name of a plaster in 
Myrepsus, the composition of which we know 

CALCADINUM, Ferri sulphas. 

CALCAIRE, Calcareous. 

CALCA'NEAL, Calca'neut, from calx, 'the 
heel.' Having relation to the calcaneum, as 
' calcaneal arteries.' 

calcanMo-phalangien du petit 

ORTEIL, Abductor minimi digiti pedis — c 
Phalanginien commun, Extensor brevis digitorum 
pedis — c. Soue-phalangettien commun, Flexor 
brevis digitorum pedis — c. Soue-Phulanginien 
commun. Flexor brevis digitomm pedis — c. Soue- 
phalangien du petit orteil, Bee Abductor minimi 
digiti pedis — c. Sue-phalangettien commun, Ex- 
tensor brevis digitorum pedis. 

CALCA'NEUM, from calx, 'the heel' Galea'. 
in a*. Culcar, Cal'cia, Ichnue, 0* Calcis, Ptema, 
Pter'nium. The largest of the tarsal bones : that 
which forms the heel. It is situate at the poste- 
rior and inferior part of the foot; is articulated 
above and a little anteriorly with the astragalus; 
anteriorly, also, with the os euboides. Its poste- 
rior surface — called Heel, Talus, Calx,(9.) Ta- 
lon — gives attachment to the tendo-aehUlis : the 
lower has. posteriorly, two tuberosities, to which 
the superficial muscles of tin' solo of the foot are 
attached. The small Apoph'y sis or lateral Apoph- 
ysis of the Galea' neum, \V.\ Petit Apop) i 
Apophyse latirale du Caleanium, is a projection 
at the upper surface of this hone, on which is 
formed the posterior portion of the cavity that 
reoeives the astragalus. The great Apoph'ysie, 

anterior Apoph'ysis of the Culea' neum, is the 

projection which corresponds, on one side, with 
the euboides; and on the other forms the ante- 
rior part of the facette which receives the astra- 

I ALCAR, Calcaneum, J-Jnjot — e. Avis, Hippo- 
campus minor. 

CALCA'UEOFS, Calva'naix, ('aha' this, from 

ea/.r, ' lime.' (P.) Calcaire. Containing lime s — 
as calcareous concretions, C. depositions, &,c. 

<• UjCAREUS CARB0NA8, Creta. 

CALCARIA CHLORATA, Calcis ehloridum— 

0. Chlorica, Calcis (diloridum — e. PhoSphorioa, 
BOS I "rnu eervi — c. 1'ura, Calx — e. Pura lhpiida, 
LiqUOT cabis. 

c \I.' \KI.K CHLORUM, Calcis ehloridum. 

c iU ATAR, Ferri sulphas. 

CALCATREPPOLA, Centaurea ealcitrapa, 

CALCINO'NIA. Words employed by Paracel- 
lesignate the concretions of tartrate of lime 
which form in the human body. 

CALCENOS, Calcetus. 





a small 

slipper ;' SHpperioort. 

Calceola'ria Primata is used in Peru as a 

Calceola'ria Trif'ida is esteemed to be febri- 

CALCE'TUS, Calceno'niwt, Calce'nos. That 
which abounds in tartrate of lime. An adjective 
used bj Paracelsus in speaking of the blood; 
Sanguis calce'tus. Hence caoie the expression, 
Cal'cined blood, San (j calcine. 


CALCHOIDEA (OS), Cuneiform bone. 

CALCIA, Caleaneurn. 

CALCIFEROUS CANALS, Canaliculi calci- 

CALCIFICATION, see Cretefaction. 


CALCIG'RADUS, Pternob'ates, from calx, 
( the heel,' and gradus, 'a step.' One who walks 
on his heels. 

CALCII CHLORLDUM, Calcis murias — c. 
Chloruretum, Calcis murias — c. Oxychloruretum, 
Calcis chloridum — c. Oxydum, Calx viva — c. 
Protochloruretum, Calcis chloridum — c. Sulphu- 
retum, Calcis sulphuretum. 

CALCINA'TION, Calcina'tio, Calci'non. Con- 
erema'tio, from calx, 'lime.' The act of submit- 
ting to a strong heat any infusible mineral sub- 
stance, which we are desirous of depriving either 
of its water, or of any other volatilizable sub- 
stance that enters into its composition ; or which 
we wish to combine with oxygen. Alum is cal- 
cined to get rid of its water of crystallization ; — 
chalk, to reduce it to the state of pure lime, by 
driving off the carbonic acid; and certain metals 
are subjected to this operation to oxidize them. 

gyrum ptaecipitatum. 


dum' — c. Carbonas, Creta — c. Carbonas durus, 
Creta, Marmor — c. Carbonas friabilis, Creta. 

Calcis Car'bonas Pr^ecipita'tus, Preeip'- 
itatcd Car'bonate of Lime, Precipitated Chalk. 
This preparation, introduced into the last edition 
of the Pharmacopoeia of the United States, is pre- 
pared as follows: Liq. Calcii Chlorid. Ovss; Sodce 
Carbonaf.fbvy } Aquce destillat. q. s. Dissolve the 
carbonate of soda in six parts of distilled water; 
heat this and the solution of chloride of calcium, 
separately, to the boiling point, and mix. Wash 
the precipitate repeatedly with distilled water, 
and dry on bibulous paper. It has the same pro- 
perties as creta praeparata, and is preferred to it 
in certain cases, — for example, as an ingredient in 
tooth powders, owing to its freedom from gritty 

Calcis Chlo'ridum, Chlo'ride or Chlo'ruret or 
Hypocltlo'rite or Chlorite or Oxymu'riateof Lime, 
Calx chlorina'ta (Ph. U. S.) seu Oxymuriat'ica, 
Protoxichlor' uret of Calcium, Calca'ria chlora'ta 
seu Chlorica, Chlorum seu Chloretum Calca'rice, 
Oxychlorure'tum seu Protochlorure'tum Calcii, 
Chlorure'tum Oxidi Calcii, Bichlorure'tum seu 
O.rymu'rias Calcis, Calcis Hypochlo' ris, Bleach- 
ing or Tennant.'s Powder, (F.) Protoxichlorure 
de Calcium, Chlorure d' Oxide de Calcium, 
Gklorure ou Oxichlorure ou Bichlorure ou Oxi- 
muriate ou Muriate suroxigene ou oxigene de 
Chaux, Poudre de Blanchement, P. de Tennant. 
A compound resulting from the action of chlorine 
on hydrate of lime. Chloride of lime is a most 
valuable disinfecting agent, (see Disinfection,) 
when dissolved in the proportion of one pound to 
six gallons of water. It has likewise been em- 
ployed both internally and externally in various 
diseases, as in scrofula, foetor oris, foul ulcers, 

Calcis Hepar, Calcis sulphuretum — c. Hy- 
dras, see Calx — c. Hypochloris, Calcis chloridum. 
Calcis Mu'rias, M uriate of Lime, Calx sali'ta, 

Calcii Chlorure'tum seu Chlo'ridum, Chloride of 
calcium, (F.) Chlorure de calcium, Muriate ou 
Hydrochlorate de Chaux. This salt has been 
given, in solution, as a tonic, stimulant, &c, in 
scrofulous tumours, glandular obstructions, irene- 
ral debility, &c. A Solu'tio Muria'tis Caleb, 
Liquor Calcis Muria'tis, Solution of Muriate of 
Lime, Liquid Shell, may be formed of Muriate 
of Lime, fij ; dissolved in distilled water, f^iij. 
The Liquor Cal'cii Chlo'ripi or Solution of Chlo- 
ride of Calcium, of the Pharmacopoeia of the 
United States, is prepared as follows: — Marble, 
in fragments, t ^ix, Muriatic acid, Oj ; Distilled 
water, a sufficient quantity. Mix the acid with 
a half pint of the water, and gradually add the 
marble. Towards the close of the effervescence 
apply a gentle heat, and, when the action has 
ceased, pour off the clear liquor and evaporate to 
dryness. Dissolve the residuum in its weight and 
a half of distilled water, and filter. Dose, from 
gtt. xxx to f 5Jjj in a cupful of water. 

Calcis Oxymurias, Calcis chloridum — c. 
Phosphas, see Cornu cervi — c. Phosphas praeei- 
pitatum, see Cornu ustuin. 

Calcis Sulprure'tum, Cal'cii sidphurr'tum, 
Hepar Calcis, Sul'phuret of Lime, S. of Cal'cium, 
Hudrosulphate of Lime, (F.) Proto-hydrosulfate 
de Calcium, Hydrosulfate de chaux. Principally 
used in solution, as a bath, in itch and other 
cutaneous affections. 

CALCITEA, Ferri sulphas, 

CALCITEOSA, Plumbi oxydum semivitreum. 

CALCITHOS, Cupri subacetas. 

CALCITRAPA, Centaurea Calcitrapa, Del- 
phinium consolida — c. Hippophaestum, Centau- 
rea calcitrapa — c. Stellata, Centaurea calcitrapa. 

CALCIUM, CHLORIDE OF, Calcis murias— 
c. Chlorure de, Calcis murias — c. Chlorure d'oxide 
de, Calcis chloridum — c. Protohydrosulfate de, 
Calcis sulphuretum — c. Protoxichlorure de, Cal- 
cis chloridum — c. Protoxiehloruret of, Calcis 
chloridum — c. Protoxide of, Calx — c. Sulphuret 
of, Calcis sulphuretum. 

GITI, Abductor minimi digiti pedis — c. Subpha- 
lan^eus pollicis, Abductor pollicis pedis. 

CALCOCOS, Bell-metal. 

CALCOIDEA, (ossicula,) Cuneiform bones. 

CALCOTAR, Ferri sulphas. 

CALCUL, Calculus. 

CALCULEUX, Calculous. 

CALCULI, see Calculus — c. Articular, see 
Calculi, arthritic ; and Concretions, articular. 

Calculi, Alternating, see Calculi, urinary. 

Calculi, Arthrit'ic, Tophi, Tuber' cula ar- 
thrit'ica, Calculi arthrit'ici seu podag'rici, 
Chalk-stones, Gout-stones, Nodes, (F.) Pierres 
crayeuses, Calculs arthritiques, Xoeiuh. Concre- 
tions, which form in the ligaments, and within 
the capsules of the joints, in persons affected with 
gout. They are composed of uric acid, soda, and 
a little animal matter; very rarely, urate of lime 
and chloride of sodium are met with. Similar 
calculi are found in other parts beside the joints. 

Cal'culi, Bil'iary, Cal'culi bilio'si seu fell' ei 
seu bilia'rii, Bil'iary Concre'tions, (Jail-stones, 
Cholol'ithus, Cholel'ithns, (F.) Calculs biliaires, 
Pierres an fid, Angichololithe, — Piorry. Some 
of these contain all the materials of the bile, and 
seem to be nothing more than that secretion 
thickened. Several contain Pieromel ; and the 
gseater part are composed of from 8S to 94 parts 
of Gholesterin, and of from 6 to 12 of the yellow 
matter of the bile. Biliary calculi are most fre- 
quently found in the gall-bladder : at other times, 


1 5 6 


in the substance of the liver, in the brat 

ts, t>r in the Ductus Communis 
Choledoehus. The first are called Cgstiej the 
■. sometimes, Hepa- 
The causes which pre rise to them are 
very obscure. Often they occasion do nnoasi- 
: timea the symptoms may i>e 

eonfoanded with t )i • • ~.^ of hepatitis. At times, 
they art- rejected by the month, or by the bowels, 
along with a eonsi lerahle quantity of bile, which 
had accumulated behind them : at other times 
tlu-y occasion violent abdominal inflammation, 
»ses, ami biliary fistulse, rnptnre of the gall- 
bladder, and fatal effusion into the peritoneum. 
The passage of a gall-atone is extremely painful : 
yet the pulse i- not at Brat affected. Antiphlo- 
. when there is inflammatory action, and 
strong doses of opinm, to allay the pain and 
ipasm, with the warm hath, are the chief reme- 
Solvents are not to be depended upon. 
They cannot reach the calculi. 

•it. Box« BARTH, see Calculi, urinary — 
Calculi, urinary — e. Cystic, see 
Calculi, urinary. 

C u.Vri.i of Tin: Bars, (P.) Caleuls de POreiUe. 

Hard, light, and inflammable concretions, which 

occur in the meatus auditorius externue, and are 

.rumen. They are a frequent 

They can be easily seen, and 

are usually formed of carbonate of lime and ani- 
mal matter. 

Cal'culi, Sal'iyart, Cal'culi ealiva'b . 5 - 
lol'ithi, (F.) Caleuls talivaires. Conen 

usually formed of phosphate of lime and animal 
matter, which are developed in the substai 
the salivary glands or in their excretory dootA. 
In the first ease, they may he mistaken for a 
simple swelling of the gland ; in the second, th- y 
letected by the touch. They 
may he extracted by incision in the interior of 
the mouth. The calculus developed in the sui>- 
lingual ducts has been called Cal'eulus subliu- 
gua'lis and Ran'nla f<tjji'/< '<r. 

Cal'culi, Spbrmat'ic, 1". I Calcuh sperma- 
tiquee. These have been sometimes found in the 
vesiculss seminales after death. They cannot le 

1 during life. No analysis has been 
of them. 

Cal'culi of the Stomach and Ibtbb'tthes, 
Enterol'ithns, E. Cal' cuius, Copr&l'ithus, Concre- 
tio'nes alvi'nee, (F. ) Cdleuls da Veetomac, C. in- 
teatinaux on ster c o r aux, Pierrea stercoral 
cr4tions inteatinale*. Calculi of the stomach are 
rare, and have almost always been carried thither 
by the antiperistaltic action of the intestines. The 
symptoms occasioned by them are those of chronic 
gastritis. It has been imagined that t! • 
tinned use of absorbent powders, as magnesia, 

may be extracted by appropriate forceps, after will give occasion to them. 

I been detached by injections of soap and 

Calculi Fbllel Calculi, biliary — c. Fusible, 
iculi. urinary. 

. Lach'rymal, (F.) Caleuls lacry- 

Intestinal concretions, (F.) Calcuh intestinaux, 
are not uncommon in animals (see Bbzoard :) 
but they are rare in man. The causes which 
(five rise to them are little known : sometimes n 
biliary calculus affords them a nucleus. Their 

Concretions sometimes, but rarely, form composition varies. They are light, hard. 

in the lachrymal passages, where they occasion 
1 fistula, which do not Ileal until 
they are extra :t< i. No analysis has been made 
of them. 
Calculi, Lime, see Calculi, urinary. 
Cal'culi or thb Mamm.k. (F.J Calcuh des 
MameUes. Halter gives a case of a concretion. 
of a yellowish-white colour, which had the shape 
of one of the excretory ducts of the mammary 
gland, having been extracted from an i 
I in that organ. 
t u. MULBBRRY, sec Calculi, urinary. 
i-i.i of tiik Pan'crbas, (F.) CaleuU a*u 
are but little known. Ana- 
u indued a belief that they resemble 
vary. Some bai . that certain 

traii-parent calculi, rejected by Vomiting, or 
suation8, have proceeded from 
the pancreas, hut there seems to be no reason for 
this belief. 

fetid, and not inflammable. They are ! 
ordinarily, between the valvules of the small in- 
testines, or in the cells of the large, and some- 
times in old hernia?. Whilst they do not ob- 
struct the passage Of the alimentary mass, they 
produce no unpleasant symptoms. At tin. 
movable tumour which they form may be felt 
through the parietes of the abdomen. They are 
generally evacuated />'-/• anvm. 

CAL'CULI or TBB Tonsils. Calculous concre- 
tions, which sometimes form in the tonsils. (F ) 
Calcuh <!<« Amygdales. They are easily 
nised by the Bight and touch : sometimes they 
are discharged by spitting, either alone or with 
the pus of an abscess occasioned by their pre- 
j sence. They have not been analyzed. 

Calculi, Triple, see Calculi, urinary— c. 

Trie, see Calculi, urinary. 

Cal'culi, D'rwarv, Urol'ithi, (F.) Calcuh 
urinaires, Pierre* urinaires. Concretions which 

Cal'( i it opthb Pirb'ai Glawd, F.) Caleuls forin fro,n *• erystallisable substance.- in the 

Gla-ndt Pin4ale. These have been fre- 
quently met with. No Bymptom announces their 
iring life. They are composed of 
phosphate of lime. 

CALCULI PoDAGRICI, Calculi, arthritic. 
Cal'culi opthb Prostate, Prostatic cal'culi. 
are not very rare. They have generally 

opposition as the preceding, 
usually present the symptoms common t i 

: times those 
of calculi in the bladder. 

'eula pulmo- 

■•■ vry frequently 

h in the dead body, without 

have produced unpleasant symptoms during life. 

At other times, they an- accompanied with all 

thisis, Lithn-phthisis, Phthisis 

taleuleuse, of Bayle. See Litbiasis pulmonum. 

At tim< i expectorated without the 

supervention of any nnpleasant symptom. They || by Dr. Paris 

urine, and which are met with not only in ttio 
whole course of the urinary passages, but in fis- 
tulous openings wherever the urine Btagnates 
naturally or accidentally. Their OAUSes are but 
little known. They are more common at the two 
extremities of life than at the middle, and more 
so in some countries and districts than in others. 
At times, a clot of blood, a portion of mucus, 
Ac, form the nucleus. The symptoms and treat- 
ment vary Recording to the seat of the calculus. 
There is no such thing probably as a medical 
solvent. See Frinary Calculi. 

Chymista have demonstrated the exist- 

ral components of urinary calculi, 

\ Is., Lithie Acid, Phosphate of Lime, 
niaoo-Magnesian Phosp) ■ of Lime, 

Cystic Oxide, and Xanthic Oxide, with sn 
animal cementing ingredient The rarietiei of 

Calculi, produced by the combination or inter- 
mix Mire of these Ingredients, are thus represented 









1. lithic or 


Form, a flattened oval. S. G. 
generally exceeds 1.500. Colour, 
brownish or fawn-like. Surface, 
smooth. Texture, laminated. 

It consists principally of Lithic 
Acid. When treated with nitric 
acid, a beautiful pink substance 
results. Tins calculus is slightly 
soluble in water, abundantly so 
in the pure alkalies. 

It is the prevailing 
species ; but the surface 
sometimes occurs fine 
ly tuberculated. It fre- 
quently constitutes the 
nuclei of the other spe- 


(F.) Calculs 

Colour, dark brown. Texture, 
harder than that of the other 
species. S. G from 1.428 to 1.976. 
Surface, studded with tubercles. 


It is oxalate of lime, and is de- 
composed in the flame of a spirit 
lamp swelling out into a white 
efflorescence, which is quick- 

This species includes 
some varieties, which 
are remarkably smooth 
and pale-cob. ured, re- 
sembling hempserd. 


Colour, pale brown or gray ; 
surface, smooth and polished ; 
structure, regularly laminated ; 
the lamina; easily separating 
into concrete crusts. 

Principally phosphate of lime. 
It is soluble in muriatic acid. 


Colour, generally brilliant 
white. Surface, uneven, studded 
with shining crystals, less com- 
pact than the preceding species. 
Between its lamina; small cells 
occur, filled with sparkling par- 

It is an ummoniaco-magnesiati 

phosphate, generally mixed with 
phosphate of lime. Pure alka- 
lies decompose it, extracting its 

This species attains a 
larger size than any of 
the others. 


Colour, grayish white. 

A compound of the two fore- 
going spocips. 

It is very fusible, 
melting into a vitreous 


Very like the triple calculus, 
but it is unstratified and more 
compact and homogenous. 

It consists of cystic oxide. Un- 
der the blowpipe it yields a pe- 
euliarly fetid odour. It is solu- 
ble in acids, and in alkalies, 
even if they are fully saturated 
with carbonic acid. 

It is a rare species. 


Its section exhibits different 
concentric lamina;. 

Compounded of several spp- 
cies. alternating with each ether. 


No characteristic form. 

The ingredients are separable 
only by chymical analysis. 

1. Renal Calculi, (F.) Calculs renaux. These 
have almost always a very irregular shape : 
at times, there is no indication of their pre- 
sence : at others, they occasion attacks of pain 
in the kidneys, sometimes accompanied with 
bloody or turbid urine. Often, they cause in- 
flammation of the kidneys, with all its unplea- 
sant results. They are generally formed of uric 
acid, animal matter, and oxalate of lime, with, 
sometimes, phosphates. The treatment will have 
to vary, according to the absence or presence of 
inflammatory signs, — relieving the irritation by 
opiates. A surgical operation can rarely be ap- 

2. Calculi of the Ureters, (F.) Calculs des 
Uriteres. These come from the kidneys, and do 
not produce unpleasant effects, unless tbey are 
so large as to obstruct the course of the urine, 
and to occasion distension of the whole of the 
ureters above them ; or unless their surface is so 
rough as to irritate the mucous membrane, and 
occasion pain, hemorrhage, abscesses, &c. The 
pain, during the passage, is very violent, extend- 
ing, at times, to the testicle of the same side 
in the male : and occasioning a numbness of the 
thigh in both sexes. The treatment consists in 
general or local blood-letting, warm bath, and 

3. Calculi, Vesical ; Stone in the Bladder, 
Lith'ia Yesica'lis, Lithi'asis cys'fica seu vesica' lis, 
C'/sto-lithi'asis, Dysu'ria calculo'sa seu irrita'ta. 
Oil' cuius vesi'ece, (F.) Calculs visfcaux. These 
are the most common. Sometimes, they proceed 
from the kidneys: most commonly, they are 
formed in the bladder itself. Sense of weight in 
the perinamm, and sometimes of a, body rolling 
when the patient changes his position; pain or 
itching at the extremity of the glans in men ; 
frequent desire to pass the urine ; sudden stop- 
page to its flow ; and bloody urine — are the chief 

signs which induce a suspicion of their existence. 
We cannot, however, be certain of this without 
sounding the patient. Sometimes, when of a 
small size, they are expelled : most commonly, 
they remain in the bladder, the disorganization 
of which they occasion, unless removed by a sur- 
gical operation. 

4. Calculi, Ure'thral. These almost always pro- 
ceed from the bladder. The obstruction, which 
they cause to the passage of the urine, the hard 
tumour, and the noise occasioned when struck 
by a sound, indicate their presence. They are 
removed by incision. 

5. Calculi of Fis'tulous passages. These arise 
when there is some fistulous opening into the 
urethra. They can be readily recognised, and 
may generally be extracted with facility. (F.) 
Calculs places hors des voies urinaires. See Uri- 
nary Calculi. 

Cal'culi OF the U'terus, (F.) Calculs de 
V Uterus. These are very rare. The signs, which 
indicate them during life, are those of chronic 
engorgement of the uterus. Their existence, con- 
sequents, cannot be proved till after death. 

CALCULIFRAGUS. Lithontriptic. 

CAL'CULOUS, (F.) Calculeux, Grarelenx. 
That which relates to calculi, especially to those 
of the bladder. 

Calculous Oxyd, Oxyd, cystic. 

CALCULS (F.). pi. of Calcul, a calculus. 

CALCULS BILI AIRES, Calculi, biliary — 
c. de VEstomaCy Calculi of the stomach — c. de la 
Glande Pineale, Calculi of the pineal gland — c. 
Intestinaux, Calculi of the stomach and intestines 
— c Lacrymaux, Calculi, lachrj'mal — c. des Ma- 
melles. Calculi of the mammae — c. Muraux, see 
Calculi, urinary — c. de V Oreille, Calculi in the 
ears — c. du Pancreas, Calculi of the Pancreas — • 
c. Places hors des voies urinaires. Calculi of fis- 
tulous passages — c. Pulmonaires, Calculi, pulnio- 




nnry — e. Rinaux, C:il«-uli. renal — e. Salioairea, 
Calculi, salivary — c. Spermatiquea, Caloali, sper- 
matic — c. 1SV1 - >e Calculi of the stomach 
and intestines — <•. Urinairea, Calculi, urinary — c. 
des UrStirea, Calculi of the ureters — c. <l, PUti- 
rue, Calculi of the uterus — c. Visieauu; Calculi. 

CAL'CULUS, Lapis, Litho8. A diminutive 

of cake, a lime-stone. (F.) Caleul, Pierre. 

Calculi arc concretions, which may form in every 

the animal body, but are most frequently 

found in ;';. • organs that act as reservoirs, and in 

the excretory canals. They are met with in the 

tonsils joints, biliary ducts, digestive passages, 

reas, pineal gland, 

J i vary, spermatic and urinary 

. -. ami in the uterus. The causes which 

give rise to them are obscure. 

Those that occur in reservoirs or ducts are 
Supposed to be owing to the deposition of the 
substances, which compose them, from the fluid 
as it pas>es along the duct; and those which 
occur in the sub stance of an organ are regarded 
as the product of some chronic irritation. Their 
general effect is to irritate, as extraneous bodies, 
the parts with which they are in contact; and to 
produce retention of the fluid, whence they have 
been formed. The symptoms differ, according to 
the sensibility of the organ and the importance 
of the particular secretion whose discharge they 
impede. Their solution is generally impracti- 
cable: spontaneous expulsion or extraction is the 
only way of getting rid of them. 

Calculus Bezoar, Bezoard — c. Dentalis, 
Odontoliths— 0. Encysted, Caleul chatonne — e. 
Sublingualis, see Calculi, salivary — c. Vesica?, 
Calculus, vesical. 

CALDAS. WATERS OF. Caldas is a small 
town, ten leagues from Lisbon, where are mineral 
springs, containing carbonic and hydrosulphuric 
acid gases, carbonates and muriates of lime and 
magnesia, sulphates of soda and lime, sulphuret 
of iron, silica, and alumina- They are much 
atonic gout They are thermal. Tem- 
perature 93° Fahrenheit. 

CALDE'RUB ITALTC.E. Warm baths in 
the neighbourhood of Ferrara, in Italy, much 
employed in dysuria. 

CALEBASSES, Cucurbita lagenaria. 
CALEDO'NIA SPRINGS. These are in Penn- 
sylvania, fifteen miles from Chambersburg. The 
waters are pure; temperature 52° Fahr. 

Caledonia Springs, see Canada, mineral 
Waters of. 

CALEFA'CIEXTS, Calefacien'tia, Therman'- 
ft'ea, from cal idua, 'warm,' and faeio, 'I make.' 
(F.) Kchauffant*. Substances which excite a de- 
gree of warmth in the part to which they are 
applied, a- mustard, pepper, Ac. They belong 
to the elass of stimulants. 

CALEFACTIO, tehauffement. 
C A L 1 : X DULA ALPINA, Arnica mon tan a. 
Calen'dila Akvkn'sis, Caltha Aroen'aia seu 
officinalis, Wild Mar 1 i gold, (F.) Souei des 
Champa. . I Tin-- is, some- 

times, preferred to the next, [ts juiee baa been 
given, in the .lose of from f^j to'f^iv, in jaun- 
dice and racl 

Calen'dula Officixa'lis, 0. Sati'va, Ohry. 
san't/n muni, Sponaa aolie, Caltha vulga'riaj 1 ■ 
ruca'ria, Single or Garden Marigold, (Prov.) 
Oolding, (F.) Souei, 8. ordinaire, Fleur de tout 
Family, Synantberese, Syngenesis ne- 
i, Linn. So called from flowering every 
ealend. The flowers and have.- have been exhi- 
bited a~ aperients, diaphoretics. Ac, and have 
been highly extolled in cancer. 


CALEXTU'RA, Cal'enture, from calere, 'to be 
warm.' The word, in Spanish, signifies fever. A 

species of furious delirium to which sailors are 
subject in the torrid zone :— a kind of phrenitis, 
the attack of which comes on suddenly alter a 
broiling day, and seems to be characterized by a 
desire in the patient to throw himself into the 
It is only a variety of phrenitis. 


CALENTU'RAS : /Wo de Cal, ntu'raa. Poract 
and Lemery say. that these words are .sometimes 
applied to cinchona. Camelli says, th< v mean, 
also, a tree of the Philippine Isles, the wood of 
which is bitter and febrifuge. 

CALF KNEE, Entogonyancon — c. of the Leg, 
Sura. ° 

CALTCE, Calix. 

CAUCUS HEX ALES, see Calix. 

CALICO BUSH, Kalmia latifolia. 

CALIDARIUM, see Stove. 

CALIDUM ANIMALE, Animal heat — c. In- 
natum, Animal heat. 

Several mineral Bprings exist in California, near 
40° N. Lat. and 404° longitude west of Wash- 
ington, directly upon the California trail, leading 
from the sink of Humboldt river to Pyramid 
lake. Their temperature varies from cold to 
almost boiling. They ebb and flow at irregular 
intervals; have not been analyzed: but some 
have the taste of a strong solution of sulphate of 
magnesia. They have had the singular el 
inducing blennorrhceal symptoms, both in man 
and animals. 

CALIGATIO, Dazzling. 

CALI'GO. 'A mist.' Achlys, (F.) Eromllard. 
An obscurity of vision, dependent upon a speck 
on the cornea: also, the speck itself ; Calfgo >■„,■'- 
nea> seu & Nephel'io seu <? Leuco'mate, Mae'ula 
cornea seu aemipellu'cida, Phtharma caligo, 11. . 
betu'do viaua, Neb'ula, Opake cornea, R 
Web, Pin-and-Web, (F.) Nonage <■■ ' 

Taie ou Taije, Obseureisxement de la me, Akira- 
todiaphanie, — Piorry. 

CALIGO Lkntis, Cataract — c. Pupilla?, Syne- 
zisis — c. Synizesis, Synezisis — c. Tenebrarum. 


CALISAYA BARK, Cinchona) cordifuliae cor- 

CALISTIIEX'I CS, Calliethi n'ice, Caliatheni'a, 
Calliatheni'a, (F.) Calliathinie, from koXos, 'beau- 
tiful, and odevos, 'strength.' The art of promoting, 
by appropriate exercises, strength of body, and 
grace of movements. 

CALIX, Calyx, Infnndib' ulum, from itaAuf, 'a 
cup,' \i flower cup.' (F.) Oaliee, Entonnoir. 
Anatomists have given this name to small eun- 
like membranous canals, which BUrround the 
papilla; of the kidney, and open into its pelvis, 
whither they convey the urine :—( ;,r ;,-. , ,-, n a'le*\ 
Cylind'ri membrana'cei I', mm,, FiWtula ure'fe7 
mm renwn, Ganalee membra'nei Renum, Tn'buli 
pelvie renum. Their number varies from 6" to 12 
in each kidney. 

CAJ i\ VoMITORIA, Goblet, emetic. 

C M.I. A PALUS'TRIS, Water Arum .- Indige- 
nous, <),<!. AraeeSB : has similar virtues to those 
of the Arums. 

Cut. a VlROIHIOA, Peltandra Virginica. 

CALLEUX, Callous. 

CALLIBLEPH' ARUM, from *aA> 0f , 'beauty,' 
and 0\t<papo V , ' eyelid.' A remedy for beautify- 
ing the eyelids. 




CALLICANTHUS, Calycanthus. 

berry; indigenous. Order, Verbenaeeae. Used 
as a eutrophie in cutaneous diseases. Said to be 
useful in dropsy. 


CALLICREAS. Pancreas. 


CALLlPiE'DIA, from KaWog, 'beauty,' and 
-rrais, *-a«<5oj, 'a child.' The art of begetting beau- 
tiful children. This was the title of a poem by 
Claude Quillet, in 1655; "Oallipcedia sive de pul- 
ckrce prolis habendum ratione." The author ab- 
surdly supposes, that the beauty of children is 
affected by the sensations which the mother ex- 
periences during her pregnancy. 



CALLIPHYLLUM, Asplenium trichoma- 

CALLIP'YGOS, from kgWos, 'beauty/ and 
■jvyv, 'buttocks.' A cognomen of Venus, owing 
to her beautiful nates. 

CALLISTHENICS, Calisthenics. 

Heterophylla, C. Verna — c. Intermedia, C. 

Callit'riche Verna, (kol\os, 'beautiful,' and 
Spit;, t[jix<)s, 'hair,' from its capillary and tufted 
stems,) C. aquat'ica seu interme'dia seu hetero- 
phyl'la, Water chickweed, Water staricort : indi- 
genous ; Order, Callitrichaceae ; is diuretic, and 
used in dropsy, in the form of tincture or of de- 

tree, Ord. Coniferae, from the branches and cones 
of which a <rum exudes, that resembles Gum 
Sandarac This is successfully used in the form 
of fumigations in gout, rheumatism, cedematous 
swellings, &c. 

Callitris Cupressoides, a common shrub in 
the neighbourhood of Cape Town, exudes a simi- 
lar substance. 

CALLOSITAS, Induration — c. Palpebrarum, 
Scleriasis — c. Vesicae, Cystauxe. 

CALLOS'ITY, Callos'itas, Seyros, Tyle, Tylus, 
Tylo'ma, Tylo'sis, Dermatosclero'sis, Dermatoty- 
lo'ma, Dermatutylo'sis, Dermatot'ylus, Poms, Ec- 
phy'ma Callus. Hardness, induration, and thick- 
ness of the skin, which assumes a horny consist- 
ence in places where it is exposed to constant 
pressure. (F.) Durillon. Also the induration, 
which is observed in old wounds, old ulcers, fis- 
tulous passages, <tc. 

CALLOUS, Callo'sus, Ochtho'des, from callus, 
'hardness.' (F.) Calleux. That which is hard 
or indurated. A Callous Ulcer is one whose edges 
are thick and indurated. 

CALLUNA ERICA, Erica vulgaris — c. Vul- 
garis, Erica vulgaris. 

CALLUS, Cains, Callum, Osteot'ylus, (F.) Cat. 
The bony matter, thrown out between the frac- 
tured extremities of a bone, which acts as a ce- 
ment, and as a new bony formation. The words 
are. likewise, used occasionally in the same sense 
as Callosity. 

Callus, Provisional. When the shaft of a 
long bone has been broken through, and the ex- 
tremities have been brought in exact juxtaposi- 
tion, the new matter, first ossified, is that which 
occupies the central portion of the deposit, and 
thus connects the medullary cavities of the broken 
ends, forming a kind of plug, which enters each. 
This was termed by M. Dupuytren the provi- 
sional Callus. 

CALMANTS, Sedatives. 

CALME, (F.) The interval that separates the 
paroxysms of an acute or chronic disease. "When 
the type is intermittent, the word intermission is 

CALOMBA, Calumba. 

CAL'OMEL, from Ka\og, 'good/ and //tXaj, 
•black.' A term, formerly applied to iEthiops 
mineral. By some, the mild chloride of mercury 
is said to have been so called by Sir Theodore 
Turquet de Mayerne, in consequence of its having 
been prepared by a favourite black servant, or, 
according to others, because it was a good remedy 
for black bile. It is now applied to the mild 
chloride of mercury only. See Hydrargyri sub- 

CALOMEL STOOLS. A term applied to the 
green, spinach-like, evacuations occasioned by 
the internal use of the mild chloride of mercury. 

submurias. A name, also, given by Riverius to 
purgative pills, prepared with calomel, sulphur, 
and resin of jalap. — Dictionaries. 

CALOMELAS, Hydrargyri submurias. 

CALO'NIA, KaXwvta. An epithet formerly 
given to myrrh. — Hippocrates. See MjTrha. 

gara octandra. 

CALOR, Heat — c. Animalis, Animal heat — 
c. Nativus, Animal heat. 

CALORICITE, (F.) Caloric" Has, The faculty 
possessed by living bodies of generating a suffi- 
cient quantity of caloric to enable them to resist 
j atmospheric cold, and to preserve, at all times 
and in every part, a temperature nearly equal. 
See Animal Heat. 

CALORIFA'CIENT, Calorif'iant, Calorifa'- 
ciens, Caloriji' ans : from color, 'heat,' and facere, 
'to make.' Having the power of producing heat. 
Relating to the power of producing heat. 

CALORIFICA'TION, Calorifica'tio, from ca- 
lor, 'heat,' and^er?, 'to be made.' The function 
of producing animal heat. 

CALORINESES, from calor, 'heat.' The 
name under which M. Baumes proposes to ar- 
range all diseases characterized by a sensible 
change in the quantity of animal heat. The Ca- 
lorineses form the first class of his Nosology. 

darii, Mudar. 

. CALOTTE, (F.) Pile'olum. Anatomists some- 
times give the name, Calotte aponevrotiqne, to 
the aponeurosis of the occipito-frontalis muscle, 
which covers it externally ; and that of Calotte 
du crane to the scull-cap. 

Calotte is also applied to an adhesive plaster, 
with which the head of a person labouring under 
tinea capitis is sometimes covered, after the hair 
has been shaved off. This plaster is pulled sud- 
denly and violently off, in order to remove the 
bulbs of the hair. It means, also, a sort of coif 
made of boiled leather, worn by those who have 
undergone the operation of trepanning, <tc. 


CALTHA ALPINA, Arnica montana— c. Ar- 
vensis, Calendula arvensis — c. Marsh, C. Palus- 
tris — c. Officinalis, Calendula arvensis. 

CALTHA Palus'tris, Marsh Jfar'igohl, Mtrtih 
Caltha, Cowslips. Order, Ranunculacea? : indi- 
genous. A syrup prepared from it is a popular 
cough remedy. 

Caltha Vulgaris, Calendula officinalis. 

CALTROPS, see Trapa natans. 

CALUM'BA, Colom'bo, Calom'ba, Colom'ba, 
(Ph. U. S.); Columbo, Radix Columbce, (F.) Ca- 
lumbe ou Columbe. The root of Menisper' t.ium 

call- a 

15 9 


pahna'tnm, Coc'cuIm* palma'tu*. Order, Mciii- 
spermaceaB: indigenous in Mozambique. It- u slightly aromatic: ta>te unpleasantly 
Litter. It ia tunic and antiseptic. Bus?, gr. 10 

to 3J iu powder. 

Calumba, Amkukax. Fraw'ra Walteri sou 

Oarolinen'eie sea Ojficina'lie sou verticil' lata, 

• ( difform'it can or 

'umbo, Indian Lettuce, ¥<!(■>, r (?eM- 

\f eado to pride, Pr/r' amid. The 

root /'••/•( I'll. I'. S.J is used in the .•;u;io 
as the true Caluuiba. 

CAL1 S, Callus. 

I LiV \, Cranium. 

Calva, I'-ilvn' ,-ia. The eraniuin : the upper 
part especially; the skull-cap; — the Vault a/the 

CALVARIA, Cranium. 

struments, which have a head or button. 

CALVIT'IES, ChdvW'tom, PkaVaera, Phaja- 
. Glabrit"iee, Ophi'aeie, Depila'tio Cap'- 
itie, Phalacro' ma, Madaro'*ia,Lipaotrich'ia, Bald- 
Old Eng.) Balledneeee, Cal'vity, do., from 
ealvus, 'bald,' (P.) Oalvitie, Chauveti. Absence 
of hair, particularly at the top of, and behind, 
the head. 

Cai.vit"ies Palpebrarum is loss of tbe eye- 

CALVUS, Athrix. 

CALX, Lime, Ca'rium Terra, Prota.r'ide nf 
Cal'cium, Calea'ria pura, (F.) Ghaux. Tbe lime, 
employed in pharmacy, should be recently pre- 
pared by calcination. When water is sprinkled 
over caustic lime, we have flaked lime, hydrate 
of lime, — the Calcis Hydras of the London phar- 

Calx, see Calcaneum — c. Bismuthi, Bismuth, 
■ubnitrate of — c. Cblorinata, Calcis chloridum — 
c. Cum kali puro, Potassa cum calce — c. Salita, 
Calcis murias — c. Oxymuriatica, Calcis chlo- 

I ■ TESTIS; lime prepared from shells. 
It has probably no medicinal advantages over 
that prepared from marble. 

CALX Viva. C. recens seu usta, Calx et Calx 
viva, Ox'idum CaVeii, Finnan* nix, Lime or 
Quicklime, (F.) Chaux vive. The external ope- 
ration of calx viva is eseharotic, but it is rarely 
used. Lime is a good disinfecting agent. It is 
employed internally in the form of Liquor Calcis. 

CALYCANTH'US, C.Ftor'idtu, Callican'thue, 
[?] Carol i' na Allepice, Sweet-ecented shrub, Sweet I 
shrub, from ea/i/.r, 'a flower-cup,' and avdos, 'a 
flower.' An indigenous plant; Order, Calycan- 
: with purplish flowers, of strong, agree- 
able odour, which appear from March to June. 
The root ifl possessed of emetic properties. 

Myrtus caryophyllata. 

CALYSTEQIA SEPIUM, Convolvulus sepium 
— c Boldanella, Convolvulus soldanclla. 

C MAX, Calix. 

CAMAB \. Calva. 

mares is a small eanton Dear Sylvanes, in the 
department of Areyron, France, where there are 
acidulous chalybeates. 

CAMARO'818, Camaro'ma, from K<iu.<ipa, 'a 
vault,' Camera'tio, Teetudina'tio Cra'nii. A spe- 
rraeture of the skull — eam'erated frac- 
ture — in which the fragments arc placed so as to 

form a vault, with its base resting mii ti 

—Galen, Paulus of JSgina. 
CAMBIE-LEAF, Nympheaa alba et Intea. 
C LMBING. A tree of tbe Molucca Island*, 

from the bark of which a kind of gum resin cx- 

■rhich has been highly extolled h 
tery. It appears ku hare some resemblance to 

the si in a rou I >a — Humph ins. 
C LMBIUM, • Excham 

A name formerly 
given to a fancied nutritive juice, which was 

supposed to originate in the bl 1. to repair tbe 

; every organ, and produce their inci 
— Sennertus. 

lage in the department of Basses Pyi 

France, where there are tw ineral Bprings; 

the One an acidulous Chalybeate, the other sul- 
phureous. Temperature, C>2° to 69° Fahrenheit. 

CAMBODIA, Cambogia. 
CAMBO'GIA, from Cambodia, in the East In- 
dies, where it is obtained. Hence, likewise, its 
names Combo 1 dia, Cambo'gium, Oambo'gia, Gam- 
bo'gium,Gambu'gium,Gamboi'dia. It is called. also, 
Gutta, Guttagamba seu Gamandra,Gummi Gutta, 
Catagau'na, Cattagau'ma, Chry'eopue, Laxuti'vva 
fnd'icue, Gummi Bo'gia Beugaman'dr&seu dt Goa 
seu de Jemu sen ad Pod'agram, Chitta jemoco, 
Camboge or Gamboge, (F. ) Gomme Gutte. Ord. 
GuttifersB. A yellow juice obtained from Hebra- 
dendron^Cambogio'i'des, and other plants of the 
natural family Guttiferm, but it is not known 
from which of them the officinal camboge is ob- 
tained. It is inodorous, of an orange yellow 
colour; opake and brittle; fracture, glassy : is a 
drastic cathartic, emetic and anthelmintic ; and 
is used in visceral obstructions and dropsy, and 
wherever powerful hydragogue cathartics are re- 
quired. Dose from gr. ij to vi, in powder, united 
with calomel, squill, <fcc. 

Cambogia Gutta, Garcinia cambogia. 

CAMBU'CA, Cambuc'ca membra' ta. Buboes 
and venereal ulcers, seated in the groin or near 
the genital organs. — Paracelsus. See Bubo. 

CA MELEE, Cneorum tricoccurn. 

CAMERA, Chamber, Fornix, Vault— a Cordis, 
Pericardium— c. Oculi, Chamber of the eye. 

CAMERATIO, Camarosis. 

CAMFOROSMA, Camphorosma, 

CAMINGA, Canella alba. 

M180LE, Waistcoat, strait. 


CAMOMILE FETIDE, Anthemia cotula— 
c. Puante, Anthemis cotula — c. Romaine, Anthe- 
mia nobilis — e. dea Teinturiera, Anthemis tincto- 
ria — c. Vulgaire, .Matricaria chamomilla. 

a eanton, two leagues from .Marseilles, where are 
two springs containing carbonate of lime, sul- 
phur, chloride of sodium, Ac They are purga- 
tive, and used in skin complaints. 

CAMOTES, Convolvulus batatas. 

Campagne is in the department of Aude, France. 
The waters contain sulphate and chlorofa vdratc 
of magnesia. Temperature, S0° Fahrenheit 

CAMPAN'ULA. Diminutive of 

campana, a 

Campanula Tkache'lium, Canterbt 

Bi il 

Throatwort, was formerly used, in decoction, in 

relaxation of the fauces. It is, also, call. 

CAMPE, Flexion. 

C LMPHENE. The radical of camphor, which, 

■"" fdiog to Duma - of oamphi 

one equivalent of Oxygen. Camphcnc or <„,„- 
plane is represented by pur.' oil of turpentine. 
That which ia u-ed for burning in lamps, and is 

occasionally employed therapeutically, ia oil of 
turpentine purified by distillation from a solution 

of caustic pot . 




CAMPHIRE, Camphor. 

CAMPHOR, from Arab. Ca'phur or Kam'- 
phur, Cam'phora, Caphnra, Cajfa, Caf, Cafur, 
Caphora, Altafor, Campkire, (F.) Gamphre. 

A concrete substance, prepared, by distillation, 
from Laurus Cam'phora, Per'sea Cam'fora, Gam- 
phora ojpZcinarum, an indigenous tree of the East 
Indies. Order, Laurineie. Its odour is strong 
and fragrant : it is volatile, not easily pulveriza- 
ble ; texture crystalline. Soluble in alcohol, 
ether, oils, vinegar, and slightly so in water. Its 
properties are narcotic, diaphoretic, and sedative. 
Dose, gr. v to ^j. Dissolved in oil or alcohol, it 
is applied externally in rheumatic pains, bruises, 
sprains. &C 

Camphor Water, Mistura Camphoras. 
CAMPIIORA'CEOUS, Camphora'ceus. Rela- 
ting to or containing camphor ; — as a ' camphor- 
aceous smell or remedy.' 

SPELIENSIUM, Camphorosma Monspeliaca. 

CAMPH'ORATED, Camphora'tus, (F.) Gam- 
phre. Relating to camphor; containing cam- 
phor ; as a camphorated smell, a camphorated 

ren'nis, from Camphor, and 00/117, 'odour.' Sela'go, 
Camphora'ta hirsu'ta seu Monspelien' rium, Hairy 
Gamphoros'ma, (F.) Gamphree de Montpellier. 
Order, Chenopodiaceae. Sex. Syst. Tetrandria 
Monogynia. This plant, as its name imports, has 
an odour of camphor. It is regarded as diuretic, 
diaphoretic, cephalic, antispasmodic, &c. It is 
also called Chamcepen'ce and Stinking Ground 

Camphorosma Perennis, C. Monspeliaca. 
CAMPHRE. Camphor. 
GAMPHBE, Camphorated. 
phorosma Monspeliaca. 

CAMPIOX, ROSE, Lychnis githago. 
tree, twenty to thirty feet high, which grows in 
Peru, and whose fruit — palillo — of a bright yel- 
low colour, and as large as a moderate-sized apple, 
has an exceedingly agreeable scent, and is one 
of the ingredients in making the perfumed water 
called mistura. — Tschudi. 

CAMPSIS. Flex'io, Curva'tio, Inflex'io. Bone 
or cartilage, forcibly bent from its proper shape, 
without breaking. — Good. 

Campsis Depressio, Depression. 
C A M P Y L R ' R H A C H I S ; from KoproAos, 
1 crooked,' and pa%is, ' spine.' A monster whose 
spine is crooked. — Gurlt. 

CAMPYLORRHI'XUS; from «a/xiruAos, 
'crooked/ and piv, 'nose.' A monster whose 
nose is crooked. — Gurlt. 

CAMPYLOTIS, Cataclasis. 
CAMPYLUM, Cataclasis. 

CAMUS, (F.) Simus, Resi'mus, Simo, Silo, Si- 
his. One who has a short, stumpy nose. The 
French speak of Xez earn-as, 'short nose.' 

C AX AD A BURXET, Sanguisorba cana- 

Catherine's, at the head of Lake Ontario, at the 
entrance of the Welland Canal, 12 miles from 
Niagara Falls, and on the Great Western Rail- 
road, has a mineral spring, much frequented, 
which Dr. Chilton, of Xew York, analyzed and 
found to contain chlorides of calcium, magnesium, 
sodium, and iron, sulphate of lime, carbonates of 
lime and magnesia, bromide and iodide of mag- 
nesium, silica and alumina. 

Tuscarora Acid Sjjring is in the township of 

Tuscarora, about 20 miles north of Pass Dover. 
It contains a large amount of free sulphuric acid : 
beside sulphates of the alkalies, lime, magnesia, 
alumina and iron. 

Charlotteville Sulphur Spring is a few mile? 
from Dover, on Lake Erie. It contains an un- 
usual quantity of sulphuretted hydrogen. 

The Caledonia Springs — a well known water- 
ing place — are a few miles south of the Ottawa 
river, and 40 miles from Montreal. There are 
various sources ; one — the Gas Spring — discharg- 
ing carburetted hydrogen; a Saline and a Sul- 
phur Spring; besides an Intermitting Spring, 
which discharges large quantities of carburetted 
hydrogen ; and in which iodine and bromine have 
been detected. 

CAXAL, Cana'lis, Ductus, Jlea'tus, Poros, 
Och'etos, ^F.) Conduit. A channel for affording 
passage to liquids, or solids, or to certain organs. 
Canal, Alimen'tary, C. Diges'tive, Cana'lis 
seu Ductus ciba'rius seu dicjesti'vus seu alimen- 
ta'rius, Tubus alimeuta'rius seu intestine' rum, 
Diges'tive Tube, Aliment' ary Duct or Tube. The 
canal extending from the mouth to the anus. 

Canal, Arach'noid, Cana'lis Biehat'ii, Canal 
of Bichat. A canal, formed by the extension of 
the arachnoid over the transverse and longitudi- 
nal fissures of the brain, which surrounds the ver.a 
magna Galeni. The orifice of the canal has 
been termed the Foramen of Bichat. 

CANAL ARTERIEL, Arterial duct — c. de 
Bartholin, Ductus Bartholinus — c. of Bichat, 
Canal, arachnoid — c. Bullular, of Petit, Godronne 
canal — c. Carotidien, Carotid canal — c Chole- 
doque, Choledoch duct — c. Ciliary, Ciliary canal 
— c. of Cotunnius, Aquaeductus vestibuli — c. De- 
ferent, Deferens vas — c. of Fontana, Ciliary canal 
— c. Goudronne, Godronne canal — c. Hepatique, 
Hepatic duct. 

Canal of Hugcter. A small canal at the 
inner side of the fissure of Glaser, through which 
the chorda tympani nerve leaves the cavity of 
the tympanum. 

Canal, Hy'alotd. A cylindrical passage, de- ' 
scribed by M. J. Cloquet as formed by the reflec- 
tion of the hyaloid membrane into the interior 
of the vitreous body around the nutritious artery 
of the lens. M. Cruveilhier has never been able 
to see it. 

Canal, Inci'sive, see Palatine canals — c. Infra- 
orbitar, Suborbitar canal — c. Injlexe de Vos tem- 
poral, Carotid canal — c. Intermediare des veutri- 
cules, Aquaeductus Sylvii. 

CANAL, Intes'tinal, Cana'lis seu Ductus intes- 
ti)ia'lis. The portion of the digestive canal formed 
by the intestines. 

Canal of Jacobson, Canal, tympanic. 
Canal, Med'ullary. The cylindrical cavity 
in the body or shaft of a long bone, which con- 
tains the marrow. 

Canal, Xasal, Lachrymal canal. 
Canal of Xcck. A cylindrical sheath formed 
around the round ligaments of the uterus by a 
prolongation of the peritoneum into the inguinal 

CAXAL DE PETIT, Godronne canal— c. 
Pulmo-aortique, Arterial duct — c. Rachidian, 
Vertebral canal. 

Canal of Schlemm. A minute circular canal, 
discovered by Professor Schlemm, of Berlin. It 
is situate at the point of union of the cornea and 

Canal, Spinal, Vertebral canal — c. Spiro'ide 
de Vos temporal, Aquaeductus Fallopii — c. de Ste- 
non, Ductus salivalis superior — c. Thoracique, 
Thoracic duct — c. Veineux, Canal, venous — c. 
Vulvo-uterine, Vagina — c. de Warthon, Ductus 
salivalis inferior. 

CANALS 9 A E 11 1 F E R I 



Cw vi.. Tym'iwv 

inal which opens on the lower 
of the petrous portion of the temporal 
bone, between the carotid canal and the - 
for the internal jugular vein. It contains Jacob- 
Bun'.- nerve. 

. Tube, Fallopian. 

Can a i . V- n Ductus v* ao'tvi 

sou D. v. Aran' tit, [V.) Canal A canal 

which exists only in the foetae. It extends from 
the bifurcation of the umbilical vein to the vena 
cava inferior, into which it opens below the dia- 
phragm. At times, it ends in one of the infra- 
wins. It pours into the cava a part of 
the blood, which passes from the placenta by the 
Umbilical vein. After birth, it becomes a fibro- 
Cellular cord. 

CANAL Or T e Pancreas. 

c \\ U.ES AF.RIFERI, see Bronchia. 

C \\ \\.\:< BRBSCHET'L Canals in tbe 
diploe for I if veins; so called after 


CAKAI 3 ClRCULABES, Semicircular canals — c. 
fj : the cochlea — e. Lacrymales, 

Lachrymal ducts — c Membra nei rennm, see Calix 
— c. Tubseformes, Semicircular canals. 

CAN LLICl LATED, Grooved. 

CAN ILICULATUS, Oanneli, Grooved. 


OANALIOUL ES CAH irki: ES, Canalionli 

CANALICULI, plural of Canaliculus— c. Bili- 
feri. Pori biliarii — c. of Bone, see Lacunae of 


Minute ca- 
nalionli, observed with the microscope, in the 
cartila. -. which are full of calcareous 



tritlVf c. Lacrymales, Lachrymal dints — c 

Limacum, Lachrymal dints — c Semicirculare-, 
Semicircular canals — c. Seminales. see Testicle 
ainiferi, see Testicle — c. Yasculosi, Canals, 

CANALICULUS, diminutive of canalis, 'a 
Channel.' A small channel. See Canaliculi. 

LLIS, Meatus — c. Alimentarins, Canal, 
alimentary — C. Arteriosus. Arterial duet — c. 

Bicbatii, (.'anal, arachnoid — c. Canaliculatus, Gor- 
get — c. Caroticus, Carotid canal — c. Cervicis. -ee 
Uterus — e. Deferens, Deferens vas — c Eminen- 
uinsa, Aqumductus Bylvii — c. Fallo- 
pii, Aqua; luctus Fallopii — e. Entestinorum, fntes- 

tinal tui . Lacrymalis, Lachrymal or nasal 

duct — \ ilia-' luctus Sylvii— c. MedullsB 

bral colnmn — o. Nervous fistu- 
losus rennm, Ureter — c Orbits nasalis, Lachry- 
mal or nasal duet — o. Scalarnm communis, [n- 
fnndibulum of tbe ooohlea — e. Bemiciroularis bo- 
risonts mieircnlar Canals — o. Semicir- 

enlaris rerticalis postei licircular Ca- 

nals — c. Semicircularis rerticalis superior, see 
rcular ean-d- — •<•. Tympanicns, ("anal, tym- 
-c. Urinarius, Urethra — o. Vidianns, Pte- 

: 'anal. 

CANALS OF HAVERS, Canals nutritive — 
c. Haversian, Canals, nutritive. 

~. \ i 1 1:1 rirn, Cana Uritfon 

ctu» mitrit" ii. Cannlic'uli pa 

ten // i ml* of 

II ■ i du Nutrition 

■ui/x nourriciert on nutriciert. The 

through which the n to the 

v arc lined DJ a very line lamina of 


compact texture, or are formed in the texture 
itself. There i.-, generally, one large nutritious 
canal in a long hone, situate towards its middle. 
CAN \1> Ml \, Artemisia mlj 

C INARIES, C LIMA 1 B OP. The climate 
of the Canaries greatly resembles that of Ma- 
deira. That of the latter, however, is more 
equable, and the accommodation for invalids 
much superior. 

CANARIUM COMMUNE, see Amyris elemi- 

LRY-SEED, Phalaris Canari 

CANATJX AQUEUX, see Aqneons — . i 
Otreulairet, Semicircular cana - 'ateunt, 

Ejaculatory ducts — e, Nourricien, Canals, nutri- 
tive — c {!<• Nutrition de$ o», Canals, nutritive. 

ing to Bichat, the bony canal- intendt d to give 

to I easels and nerves going to par; ■ 
or less distant — as the I 'nun' I is CarofictU, A ••. 

CANAUX VEINEUX, Venoue Canalt. The 
canals situate in the diploe, which convey venous 

CAN'CAMUM. A mixture of several gums 
I and resins, exported from Africa, where it is used 
to deterge wounds. Diosoorides calls, by the 
name Kayxauov, the tears from an Arabian tree. 
which are similar to myrrh, and of a d 
able taste. lie advises it in numerous dU 
This name is given, also, to the Anime. 

CANCAMY, Anime. 

CAN 'CELL ATED, CaneeUa'tue, (F. 
from Canoelli, 'lattice-work.' Formed of can- 
oelli, as the 'cancellated structure of bone.' 

CANCEL'LI, 'Lattice-work.' The Cellular 
or Spongy Texture of Unites, (F.) Tissu celluleux; 
consisting of numerous cells, communicating with 
each other. They contain a fatty matter, analo- 
gous to marrow. This texture is met with, prin- 
cipally, at the extremities of long bones: and 
some of the short bones consist almost wholly of 
1 it. It allows of the expansion of the extremities 
of hones, without adding to their weight, and 
deadens concussions. 

CANCEL'LUS, from cancer, 'a crab.' A spe- 
crayflsh, called the Wrong Heir, an 
ttm-tl the Hermit: which is said to cure rheuma- 
tism, if rubbed on the part. 

CANCER, 'a crab.' Car'cinoe, Lupus eancro'- 
shs. A disease, SO called either on account of the 

bideous appearance which the ulcerated cancer 

present-, or on account of the great veins which 
surround it. and which the ancients compared to 
the claws of the crab: called also Careino'ma. 
It consists of a scirrhous, livid tumour, inter- 
sected by linn, whitish, divergent 
occurs chiefly in the secernent glands. The 
pains are acute and lancinating, and often extend 
to other parts. The tumour, ultimately, termi- 
nates in a fetid and ichorous ulcer, — Ulcvi 
lint. It is distinguished, according to it< 
. into occult, Cancer oceul'tue, and opt n. < '. 
aper'tue; the former being tbe scirrhous, the 
latter the ulcerated condition. At times, there is 

a simple destruction or erosion of the organ, »t 
otle-r-, an encephaloid or cerebriformj and, at 
bgain, a colloid degeneration. 
For its production, it reqaii .ir dia- 

or cachexia. The following table, from 
I»r. Walsh e, exhibits the characters »1 thi 
species of carcinoma : 

The use of irritants in oanoerOUS all'ections is 

strongly to be deprecated. When tl 
bo situate thai excision can be practised, and 
the constitution does not exhibit great contami- 
nation, the sooner it is removed the better. 



Enceji haloid. 

Resembles lobulatod cerebral 
run t tor. 

I> commonly opake from its ear- 
liest formation. 

Is of a dead white colour. 

Contains a multitude of minute 

Is less hard and dense than scir- 

Is frequently found in the veins 
issuing from the diseased mass. 

The predominant microscopical 
elements are glob ilar. not always 
distinctly cellular, and caudate cor- 

Occasionally attains an enor- 
mous hulk. 

Has ben observed in almost 
every tissue of the body. 

Very commonly co-exists in se- 
veral parts or organs of the same 

Is remarkable for its occasional 
vast rapidity of growth. 

Is frequently the seat of insterti- 
tial hemorrhage and deposition of 
black or bistre-coloured matter. 

When softened into a pulp, ap- 
pears as a dead white or pink ojiake 
matter of creamy consistence. 

Subcutaneous tumours are slow 
to contract adhesion with the skin. 

Ulcerated encephaloid is fre- 
quently the seat of hemorrhage, 
followed by rapid fungous develop- 

The progress of the disease after 
ulceration is commonly very rapid. 

It is th* most common form un- 
der which secondarv cancer exhi- 
; bits itself 

Is the species of cancer most fre- i 
! quently observed in young subjects, j 


Resembles rind of bacon tra- 
versed by cellulo-fibrous s pta. 

Has a semi-transparent glossi- 

Has a clear whitish or bluish 
yellow tint. 

Is comparatively ill-supplied with 

Is exceedingly firm and dense. 

Has not been distinctly detected 
in this situation. 

The main microscopical consti- 
tuents are juxtaposed nuclear cells ; 
caudate corpuscular do not exist 
in it. 

Rarely acquires larger dimen- 
sions than an orange. 

Its seat as ascertained by obser- 
vation, is somewhat more limited. 

Is not unusually solitary. 

Ordinarily grows slowly. 

Is comparatively rarely the seat 
of these changes. 

Resembles, when softened, a yel- 
lowish brown semitransparent ge- 
latinous matter. 

Scirrhus thus situate usually be- 
comes adherent. 

Scirrhous ulcers much less fre- 
quently srive rise to hemorrhage ; 
and fungous growths (provided 
they retain the scirrhous charac- 
ter) are now more slowly and less 
abundantly developed. 

There is not such a remarkable 
change in the rate of progress of the 
disease after ulceration has set in. 

Is much less common before pu- 


Has the appearance of particles of 
jelly inlaid m a regular alveolar bed. 

The contained matter is sink 
irmly transparent. 

Greenish yellow is its predomi- 
nant hue. 

Its vessels have not been suffi- 
ciently examined as 

The jelly-like matter is exceed- 
ingly soft ; a co||< i,| mass is, how- 
ever, firm and resisting. 

The pultaceous variety has been 
detected in the v. ins. 

Is composed of shells in a state 
of eniboltcment. 

Observes a mean in this respect. 

Has so far been seen in a limited 
number of parts only. 

Has rarely been met with in more \ 
than one organ. 

Grows with a medium degree of 

Undergoes no visible change of 
the kind. 

Has so far been observed in adults 

CAXCER ALVEOLAIRE, Colloid — c. Al- 
veolaris, Colloid — c. Apertus, see Cancer. 

Cancer Aquat'icus, Gan'grenous stomati'tis, 
Cancrum Oris, Ganyranop'sis, Canker of the 
mouth, Gan'grenous sore mouth, Gan'grenous ero'- 
sion of the cheek, Sloughing Phagedena of the 
mouth, Water Canker: called, also, Aphthm ner- 
pen'tes, Gangrce'na Oris, Noma, Nome, Nonius, 
Pseudocarcino' ma la'bii, Stomac'ace gnngrceno' sa, 
Chciloc'ace, Uloc'ace, Uli'tis sep'tica, Cheiloma- 
la'cia, Scorbu'tus Oris, Stomatomala'cia pu'trida, 
Stomatosep' 'sis, Stoinatowcro'sis, Carbnn' cuius 
labia 1 rum et gena'rwn, (F.) Cancer aquatiqne, 
Stomatiie gangreneuse, S. Charbonneitse, Gangrene 
on Sphacele de la Bouche, Fegarite, Aphthe gan- 
ureneux. Certain sloughing or gangrenous ulcers 
of the mouth — so called, perhaps, because they 
are often accompanied with an afflux of saliva. 
The disease is not uncommon in children's asy- 
lums, and demands the same treatment as hospi- 
tal gangrene — the employment of caustics, and 
internal and external antiseptics. 

CANCER AQUATIQUE. Cancer aquations, 
Stomacace — c. Areohiire, Colloid — c. Astaeus, see 
Caneroram chelae — c. Black, Cancer melanotic — 
c. of the Breast, Mastocareinoma — c. Camina- 
riorutn, Cancer, chimney-sweepers' — c. Cellular, 
Encephaloid — c. CSrSbriforme, see Encephaloid. 

Cancer, Chimney-sweepers', Sootwnrt, Can- 
cer inn nd ito' rum seu purgato'ris infumic'idi seu 
caminario'rum. Cancer seu carcino'ma scroti, 0*- 
cheocarciiio'ina, Oschocarcino'nia, (F.) Cancer 
de.s Ramoneurs. This affection begins with a 
superficial, painful, irregular ulcer, with hard and 
elevated edges, occupying the lower part of the 

scrotum. Extirpation of the diseased part is the. 
only means of effecting a euro. 


Cancer, Davidson's Remedy for, see Conium 

CAXCER DUR, Scirrhus. 

t '. 1 XCER EB URXE. A kin d of wa xy d ege- 
neration of the breast, so called by M. Alibert. hut 
which appear* to be in no way allied to cancer. 

Epithelial, see Epithelial — c. Fibreux, Scirrhus — > 
c. Fibrous, Scirrhous — c. du Foie, Hepatosarcomie. 

Cancer Gale'ni, (F.) Cancer de Galicn. A 
bandage for the head, to which Galen gave the 
name cancer, from its eight heads resembling:, 
rudely, the claws of the crab. It is now sup- 
plied by the bandage with six chefs or heads, 
which is called the Bandage of Galen or B. of 
the Poor. 

CANCER DE G ALIEN, Cancer Galeni — c. 
Gelatiniform, Colloid — c. Gelatinous, Colloid — c. 
Gommeux, Colloid — c. Hard, Scirrhus — c. Intes- 
tinorum. Enteropathia oancerosa — c. des Intestine, 
Enteropathia cancerosa — c. of the Lung, Phthisis, 
cancerous — c. Lupus, Lupus — c. Mastoid, see 
Mastoid cancer — c. Medullaris, Encephaloid— c. 
Melaeneus, Cancer, melanotic — c. Nelane, Cancer, 
melanotic — c. Meranodes, Cancer, melanotic. 

Cancer. Melanotic, Cancer melano'des, Car- 
cino'ma vie/ano'des seu melanot'icwn seu melce'- 
ueus, Fungus vielano'dcs, Me/'ano-careino'ma, 
Black or Mel'anoid Cancer, (F.) Cancer Jlelanc. 
A combination of cancer and melanosis. 

Cancer, Miltlike, see Miltlike. 


in 3 


r w :eh y phaloid — a. Vow, 

Enoepbaloid — e. Muaditoram, Caneer, chimney- 

. Nephroid, see Nephroid— a 

lt — c. Oculi, Scirrhophthalmus — c. 

Spina ventoss — c 

Phnryi . Laemoscirrhus — e. Pal- 

I illoid — e. Purgatoria infamieoli, C 

chimin ' — e. Scirrhosus, Scirrhua — c 

Scroti, Cancer, chimney-sweepers' — i. Soft, II. i - 

Solenoid — c 
. Scirrhua — c. of the Stomach, Gas- et pylorica — c. Uteri, Metro- 
. una. 

( INI BB ROOT, Orobancbe Virginiana, Phy- 
i decaodra — o. Weed, Goodyera pubescens, 
Salvia lyrata. 

• BROMA, Carcinoma. 
1 E2R0I S, Cancro'aua, Carcino p aua, (F.) 
ting tu cancer; as Canceroua 
«//<•- r, ( ancerou* diatht 

< II \l. \t.l A. Cbironia Chil 
NCRENA, Gangrene. 
I INCRODES, Cancroid. 

« \N • ROID, Kankroid, Cancro'dee, Cancrox'- 
. < \uicro%d\ r, 
ami cteog, ' form.' That which assumes a 
eanceroua appearance. Cancroid is a name given 
to certain cutaneous cancers by Alibert : called 
keloid or Keloid, Ckel"oi$, Can'croi*, Ke- 
lt (x^vi, 'a tortoise,' and ubs, -1,:- 
or from spot or stain/ and a6o;, ' like- 

», from their presenting a flattisfa 
raised patch of integument, resembling the .-hell 
of a tortoise. 

Rom of the Skin, Bee Epithelial 
CANCROIS, Bee Cancroid. 
CANCROMA, Carcinoma. 
CANCRO'RUM CHEL.ZB, Oe'uli Ben Lap' ides 
sen Lapil'li Cancro'rum, Coneremen'ta At'tacx 
j/nriiit' i/ix. Crab's stout* or eyes, i V.) Yeux 
'tee, Pierrt tTEcreviate. Concretions found, 
narticularly, in the Cancer At'tacu* or Cray-fish. 
They consist of carbonate and phosphate of lime, 
and p088e88 antacid virtu.'-. but not more than 

c INCROSUS, Canc< rous, CJUwcretis*. 
CANCRUM ORIS, Cancer Aquaticus, Sto- 

DELA, Bougie — e. FumaJis, Pastil — o. 
Bfedicata, Bough um nigrum. 

CANDELAR] \. Verbascum Digram. 
CANDI, Candutn, Cauthum, Oau'tion, fmn/i/, 
from eandidua — 'white, bleached, purified.' Pu- 
tnd crystallized sugar. See Saccharum. 
CANDIDUM OVI, Albumen ovi. 
CANDLE, Pupil. 

LB, .Mi !B( i 'RIAL. A candle made of wax 
mtilion for mercurial fumigation. 
Cak Parmentiera cerifera. 

« \M>Y. Candi. 
CANDYT1 1 1. BITTER, rberia amara. 

•i.irum — c. - 
i calamus. 
CANEFICIER, Cassia fistula. 

C 1 A/.'/..!. Nectandra einnamomoides. 

'■ 1 \ /:/./'. Grooved. 

■ l.l.i. \. - • Canella alba. 

I .'i \ A : ■ \, diminutiv( i r I.' 

: S ' - 

rynia. Ii i- so Bailed 
I ark i- r-.llcd up 1 
i'iiiix epu'riua, Canella Cnba'na n 
mm a lt> no . 

. CoHtiu cartico'tu*, Cn- 
tlla (Ph. U. S i. Canella Bat 

Winter, Ecorce Cariocoetin* j Ord. Guttiferse, is 

a pungent aromatic It- virtues arc pai 

by water; entirely by alcohol, it is a 

Stimulant) and is added to hitters and cathartics. 

Cartops vi. t. \t a. Asyrtus oaryophyl- 

lata — C. (uhana. ('. alba, baurus cassia — 0. Mala- 
bariea et Javensis, Lauras cassis. 

CANEP1N, (F.) A fine lamb's skin or goat's 
skin, used for trying the quality of lancets. 

c LNICACEODS, Furfurac. 

[< .1". .Meal, in which there is much 
bran. Also, coarse bread j or bread in which 
there is much bran — Panit Cornea'* 

CANICII) \. Aconitum. 

i \.\l'"l LA; the Dogetar, from cants, * a dog f 
^cifjioi. Sinus, [P.J Oanieule. This star, which 
gives its name to the Dogdaye, Die* canieula'ree, 
because they commence when the sun rises with 
it, was formerly believed to exert a powerful in- 
fluence on the animal economy. The Dogdays 
occur at a period of the year when there Li 
rally great and oppressive heat, and therefore — 
it has been conceived — a greater liability to dis- 

CANIF, Knife. 

CANIN, Canine. RADIX, Cain ess radix. 

CANINE, Cam' mi* t Cyn'ictt*, from eanit, 'a 

dog.' (F.) C'uiiu. That which has a resemblance 
to the structure, etc., of B 

Canine Fossa, Fo**a Caui'na, Tnfra-orbitnr or 
Suborbital fo*ta% (F.) Fo**t Canine. A small 
depression on the superior maxillary bone, above 
tiie (/< hi caninua, which gives attachment to the 
eaninut or U rator anguli oris muscle. 

Canine Laugh, Sardon'ic laugh, Riau* CanV- 
iins sen Sardon'icu* sen Sardo' wins sen Sarduuio* 
seu de Sardo' nia sen involunta'ria* sou apaa'ticua, 
Toriu'ra seu Diator'tio Oris, Gelaa'mua, Sardi'- 
Tri*mii* Sardon'icu* seu cyn'- 
icu*, Spasmus musculorum faciei seu cyn'icus, Pro- 
aopoapae'mtu, (F.) Hi* canin, 11. Sardonique, R. 
Sardonien, R. moqueur. A sort of laugh, the facial 
expression of which is produced particularly by 
smodio contraction of the Caninu* muscle. 
Probably, this expression, as will as Cynic Spaam, 
Spaamu* cani'nu* seu cyn'icua, Convul'aio cani'na r 
Triamu* cyn'icu*, may have originated in the re- 
semblance of the affection to certain movement! 
in the upper lip of the dog. The Riau* Sardon'- 
icu* is said to have been so called from similar 
symptoms having been induced by a kind of 
Ranunculus — R. acelera'tu* — that grows in Sar- 

Canine Trkth, Dente* Cani'ni seu Lania'rii 
Beu nngula'res seu cuapida'ti sen columella' 
ocula're* sen morden'tee, Cynodon'tee, Eye Teeth, 

/'ill/ Teeth, (F.) /'ill's run;, us ell //I u in i lis nil illl- 

gulaire* oxxocufaire* on aeillerea ouconoUde*. Tho 
teeth between the lateral incisors and Bmall mo- 
each jaw; — so named because tiny rc- 
Bemble the teeth of the dog. 

CANINUS, Levator anguli oris — c. St mis, 

I ianine Laugh. 
C W IR \.M. Strvchnos nus vomica. 
CANIR V.MIM'M. Bracine. 
CANIRUB1 S, R« -a oanina. 
CAMS [NTERFECTOR, Veratram sabadilla 
— o. Ponticus, ' lastor \\> er. 

.fills, from cniiiis, 'white.' Blanching, 
Whitenea* or groyne** nf the hair, and especially 
of that of the bead — Trichon'oai* polio' ai*. 1 ,) 
When occurring in consequence of old 
age, it i Sometimes it bn\ 

suddenly, and apparently in coi 

emotion. The causes, however, arc not 

clear. B 




CANKER, Stoniacace — c. of the Mouth, Can- 
cer aquaticus. 

CANKER- RASH, see Cynanche maligna. 

CANKER, WATER, Cancer aquaticus. 

C A N N A, see Tous-lea-Mois, Cassia fistula, 
Trachea — c. Brachii, Ulna — c. Domes tica cruris, 
Tibia — c. Edulis, ^ova-lea- Moi a — c. Fistula, Cas- 
sia fistula — c. I.idica, Sagittariuin alexipharma- 
cum — c. Major, Tibia — c. Minor, Fibula, Radius 
— c. Solutiva, Cassia fistula — c. Starch, Tous-les- 

CANNABIN, Bangue. 

CANNAB'INA, from Kawafiis, 'hemp.' Reme- 
dies composed of Cannabis Indica. — Pereira. 

Cannabina Aquatica, Eupatorium canna- 

CANNABIS INDICA, Bangue. See, also, 

Can'xabis Sati'va, (F.) Chanvre, Ghambrie. 
The seed of this — Hempseed, Sem'ina Can' nobis, 
(F.) Chinevis — is oily and mucilaginous. The 
decoction is sometimes used in gonorrhoea. 


CAXXA3IELLE, see Saccharum. 

GANNE AROMATIQUE, Acorus calamus — 
c. Congo, Costus — c. de Riviere, Costus — c. a 
Sucre, see Saccharum. 

CAXXEBERGE, Yaccinium oxycoccos — c. 
Ponctnee, Vaccinium vitis idsea. 

CANNEL, Laurus cinnamomum. 

CANNEL-BONE, Clavicle. 

CANNEL-WATER, Aqua cinnamomi. 

CAXXELE ou CAXELE (F.), from canalis, 
'a canal.' Sulca'tus, Stria' tus, Canalicula'tus. 
Having a canal or groove — as 31 u scle cannele 
(Lieutaud), the Gemini; Corps canncles ou atrUa, 
the Corpora striata; Sonde cannelee, a grooved 
sound, &c. See Grooved. 


C A X N E L L E, Laurus cinnamomum — c. 
Blanche, Canella alba — c. de la Chine, Laurus 
cassia — c. de Coromandel, Laurus cassia — c. 
Fausse, Laurus cassia — c. Girojlee, Myrtus cary- 
ophyllata — c. des hides, Laurus cassia — c. de 
Java, Laurus cassia — c. de Malabar, Laurus cas- 
sia — c. Matte, Laurus cassia — c. Officinale, Lau- 
rus cinnamomum — c. Poivree, see Wintera aro- 

CANNULA, Canula. 


CANOPUM, see Sambucus. 



CANTABRICA, Convolvulus Cantabrica. 


CANTARELLUS, Meloe proscarabams. 


CANTEL, Vertex. 

tuarien'ses. The waters of Canterbury, in Kent, 
England, are impregnated with iron, sulphur, 
and carbonic acid. 

CANTERIUM, Cantherius. 

CAX THAR IDE T ACHE TEE, Lytta vittata. 

CANTHARIDINE, see Cantharis. 

CAN'THARIS, from xavSapos, 'a scarabceus.' 
C. vesicato'ria, Musca Hispanica, 3/el'oe vesica- 
to'rius, Lytta vesicato'ria, Blis'tering Fit/, Blister- 
Jly, Blisterbeetle, Spanish Fly, Fly, (F.) Cantha- 
rides, Mouches, 31. d' 'Espagne. This fly — Order, 
Coleopterae — originally, perhaps, a native of 
Italy and Spain, is now found in France, Ger- 
many, Hungary, Russia, Siberia, and England. 
It is, however, rare in the last-named country. 
It is found in species of 01eaeea3 — as the ash, 
privet, and lilac; and of Caprifoliacese — as the II 

elder and lonicera. It is much employed in me- 
dicine, and is the most common vesicatory. 
Given internally, and even when absorbed from 
the skin, it affects the urinary organs, excitino- 
strangury. This may be prevented, in eases of 
blisters, by interposing between the blistering 
plaster and skin a piece of tissue-paper. Dilu- 
| ents relieve the strangury. Dose, half a grain 
to one grain. If kept dry, the flies will retain 
their activity for many years. Their active prin- 
ciple — Con'tharidin, Cantharidi'na — has been 
separated from them. 

Cantharis vesicatoria is the ordinary blistering 
insect used in Europe. 

Cantharis seu Lytta vitta'ta, (which see,) and 
C. atra'ta, C. margina'ta, and C. cine'rea, of 
America; C. atoma'ria, of Brazil; C. ru'Jieeps, 
of Sumatra and Java; C. gigas, Lytta cceru'lea, 
of Guinea and the East Indies; C. viola'cca, 
Lytta gig*<s mas, of the East Indies; C.Syr'iaca, 
Lytta seg'etum, of Arabia; 3/y/a'bris, 3f. pune- 
ta'ta, 31. pnatula'ta, and 3f. cicho'rii, of China 
and the East Indies; 3feloe proscarab&'us, and 
31. maja'lis or True 3Iayworm — possess similar 

CANTHE'RIUS, Cante'rium. The cross-piece 
of wood in the apparatus used by Hippocrates for 
reducing luxations of the humerus. 

CANTHI'TIS. Inflammation of the canthus 
of the eye. 


thoplastie, from KavSos, •' the angle of the eye,' and 
irXaariKoi, ' formative.' The formation, by plastic 
operation, of the angle of the eye. An operation 
proposed by Ammon, when the eyelids are not 
sufficiently cleft. 

CANTHUM, Candi. 

CANTHUS, Epican'this, An'gulus ocula'ris, 
Fons lacryma'rum. The corner or angle of the 
eye. The greater canthus is the inner angle, 
Hircus, Hir'quus, Rhauter ; the lesser canthus, 
the outer angle, TParop'ia, Pega. 

CANTIA'NUS PULVIS, 'Kent Powder.' A 
cordial powder, known under the name 'Countess 
of Kent's Powder,' composed of coral, amber, 
crabs' eyes, prepared pearls, &c. It was given 
in cancer. 

CANTrON, Candi. 

CAN'ULA, Cau'nula, Au'liscus, Aulas. Di- 
minutive of Canna, 'a reed;' Tu'bulus, (F.) Co- 
nnie ou Cannule. A small tube of gold, silver, 
platinum, iron, lead, wood, elastic gum, or gutta 
percha, used for various purposes in surgery. 

CA'OUTCHOUC. The Indian name for In- 
diun Rubber, Elas'tic Gum, Gum Elastic, Gnmmi 
elas'ticum, Cauchuc, Resi' ' na elas'tica seu Cay en - 
nen'sis, Cayenne Resin, Cautchuc, (F.J Gomme 
elastique, Resine elastique ou de Cayenne. A 
substance formed from the milky juice of Hce'vea 
seu Hevea Guianen'sis, Jat'ropha elas'tica, Si- 
pho'nia Cahuchu, S. elas'tica, Seringue Tree, and 
of Fious Indica, and Artocar'pus integrifo'lia : — 
South American trees. It is insoluble in water 
and alcohol; but boiling water softens and swells 
it. It is soluble in the essential oils and in ether, 
when it may be blown into bladders. It is used 
in the fabrication of catheters, bougies, pessaries, 

CAP, PITCH, see Depilatory. 

CAPACITY, LUNG, see Vital Capacity — c. 
Pulmonic, see Vital Capacity. 

CAPA-ISIAKKA, Brome'lia ananas. 

CAPBERN, WATERS OF. Capbern is in 
the department Hautes-Pyrenees, France. The 
waters contain sulphates and carbonates of lime 
and magnesia, and chloride of magnesium. Tem- 
perature, 75° Fahrenheit. They are purgative. 


1 6 5 


C APPLET. Mvrtu? earophyllata. 
CAPELI'NA, Cap, Ut tpeline. A 

- in French; Capia'trum, from ea/ntf, 
.\ tori of bandage, whieh, in shape, re- 
sembles * riding-hood. There are several kinds 
— 1. That of the bead, C. dt la ttte, 
i eapitu'lie, See Bonnet a? H i p poerate. ('. 
,,f ih- clavicle, employed in fractures of the acro- 
mion, clavicle, and Bpine of the scapula. 0. of an 
• '.'I limb — the bandage applied round the 

PELLINA, Capelina. 
CAPER BUSH, Capparis spinosa, 
CAPER PLANT, Euphorbia lathyris, 
CA •' ■ ipparis spinosa. 

< .\ PE lis, [mperforation. 
C IPHORA, Camphor. 
( APHURA, Camphor. 

C [PIL L A 1 R E, Capillary, see Adiantum 
oapillu8 veneris — c du Canada, Adiantum pe- 
datnm — c. de Montpellier, Adiantum oapillus 

CAPILL LMEN'TUM, from capiUue, 'a hair.' 
' 'iiim. Tricho'ma, Trichoma' tion. Any 

or hairy covering. Also, a small fibre or 

CAPILLARY, Cupilla'rie, CapiUa'eeue, from 
enpiUua, 'a hair.' (F.) CapiUaire* Hair-like; 

Cap'iixary Vkssei.s. Va«a eapUla'ria, Mi- 

erangi'a, Trichangi'a, (F.) Vaiteeaux eapillaires, 

Capillicvlee, are the extreme radieles of the ar- 

n:d veins, which together constitute the 

capillary, intermediate, or peripheral vascular 

— ■ the metha'mata or meth&matou* blood- 

ohannels of I>r. Marshall Hall. They possess an 

action distinct from that of the heart, but not one 

of rhythmic contraction and dilatation. Formerly, 

it was conceived that white vessels — Vasa sero'sa 

— or vessels BO minute as not to admit red cor- 

-, were distributed to the tissues which do 

ii • > t receive red blood. 

CAPILLATIO, Triehismus. 
CAPILLATUS, [mpuber. 
CAPILL1CULES, Capillary vesse.s. 
CAPILLITIUM, Capillamentum, Entropion, 

CAPIL'LDS, quasi Oapitie Pihu, Coma, Chcete, 
Crinit, Pilot, Thrix, Caea'rieo, (F.) Cheveu. 
This term is generally applied to the hair of the 
head, I'iH SOU //"nor eap'itit, the characters of 
which rary according to tares, individuals, &c. 
Hairs arise in the areolar membrane, where the 
bulb is placed, and are composed of two parts — 
sternal, transparent, and of an epidermoid 
oharacter; the other, internal and rat generie, 
which, in the opinion of some, communicates to 
them their colour. The hair is insensible, and 
grows from the root. 

mis Vbnbbis, Adiantum oapillus veneris 
— c. v. Canadensis, Adiantum pedatum. 

CAPIPLE'NIUM, CapitipWnium, from caput, 
'the load,' &nd plenum, 'full.' A word employed 
with different significations. A variety of catarrh. 
— Schneider. A heaviness or disorder in the 
iommon at Rome, like the Kapnfiapia t Care- 
baria, of the Greeks.— Baglivi. 

• CAPISTRUM, CapeUne, Cheveatre, Trismus— 
c. Auri, Borax. 

Capib'tbum, Phimoa, Cemoa, kvhos, 'a halter.' 
This name has been given to Several bandages 
for the bead. Bee Cap* line, Che* 

CAPITAL1A BEMEDIA, Cephalic remedies. 
CAPITALIS, Cephalic. 
CAPITELLUM, Alembic, sec Caput 
0AP1TEUX, Heady. 

CAPTTILC'VI I'M. from caput, 'the head,' and 
lar, ;/•-. • to wash.' A hath for the head. 

CAPITIPLENIUM, Capiplenium. 

CAPITIP1 RGIA, Caput purgia. 

CAPITIT'RAHA, from caput, 'the head,' and 
trahcrc, 'to draw.' I nstniinetits which, like the 
. draw down the head of the foetus when 
impacted in the pelvis. 

CAPITO'NES, from caput, * the head.' Macro- 
ceph'ali, Proceph'ali. Foetuses whose leads are 
bo large as to render labour difficult. The con- 
dition is called Maerocepha'lia. 

CAPITDLUM, Alembic, Condyle, see Caput 
— e. CostSB, see Costa — c. Laryngis, Cornieulum 
laryngis — c Martis, Eryngium campestre — c. 
Santorini, Corniculum laryngis. 

CAPITULUVIUM, Bath (head). 

CAPNISMOS, Fumigation. 


CAPN0IDE8 CAVA. Fumaria bulbosa. 

CAPNORCHIS, Fumaria bulbosa. 

CAPNOS, Fumaria. 

CAPON, Cagot. 

CAPON SPRINGS. A pleasant summer re- 
treat, situated in a gorge of the North Mountain, 
in Hampshire co., Va., 2'A miles W. of Winchester. 
The waters in the vicinity are sulphurous and 
chalybeate j — those at the springs alkaline and 

CAPOT, Cagot. 

CAP'PARIS SPINO'SA, Cap'parie, Cappar, 
Oa'pria, Prickly Caper />ux/t, \ F. ) Cdprier, Ord. 
Capparidese. Sex. Si/st. Polyandria Monogynia. 
The bark of the root and the buds have been es- 
teemed astringent and diuretic. The buds are a 
well-known pickle — Capers, (F.) Cdpres. 

Capparis Baduc'ca, Baduk'ka. A species of 
caper, cultivated in India on account of the beauty 
of its flowers. The Orientals make a liniment with 
its juice, with which they rub pained parts. The 
flowers are purgative. 

OAPPONE, WATERS OF. At Cappone, in the 
isle of Ischia, are waters containing carbonate of 
soda, chloride of sodium, and carbonate of lime. 
Temp. 100° Fahr. 

CAPREOLA'RIS, from capreolus, <a tendril.' 
Cisso'i'dea, Elico'i'des, (F.) Caproolaire. Twisted. 

Capbboxa'bia Vasa. Some have called thus 
the spermatic arteries and veins, on account of 
their numerous contortions. 


CAPRES, see Capparis spinosa. 

CAPRIA, Capparis spinosa. 


CARRIER, Capparis spinosa. 

CAPRIFOLIA, Lonicera pcriclymenum. 

riclymenum — c. Pcriclymenum, Lonicera pcricly- 
menum — cSempervivens, Lonioerasempervivens, 
— c. Bylvatioum, Lonicera perielymenum. 


CAPRIZANS PULSUS, see Pulse, caprizant. 

CAPSA, lioite, Capsule, Case — c. Cordis, Peri- 



CAPSICUM, see Capsicum annuum. 

Cap'bioum An'ni i m. C. Hiapan'ieum, from 
K<i-ru>. ' I bite.' The systematic name of the plant 
whence, in part, Cayenne Popper is obtained, — 
Piper [n'dicum sen Hiepan'icum sen Braxilia'- 
u a in sen Ouineen'ai Ben Calecu'tieum sen Twr'ci- 
iu/,1 sen Lueitan'ieum, Sola'num went, Siliauae r - 
inim Plin'ii, Cayenne or Guinea <>r OhiUi Pepper, 
Garden Ginger, j F.) Ptment, Poion of bide, Poiorn 
dt Quinie, Corail dee Jardina. Order, Solanesa. 
The pungent, aromatic properties of Baooal Cap. 




sici, Cap'sicum Berries, Capsicum (Ph. U. S.), are 
yielded to ether, alcohol, and water. They are 
highly stimulant and rubefacient, and are used as 
a condiment. Their active principle is called 

Capsicum Hispanicum, Capsicum annuum. 

CAPS 'QUE, Capsicum annuum. 

CAPSITIS, see Phacitis. 

CAPSULA, Boitier — c. Articularis, Capsular 
ligament — c. Cordis, Pericardium — c. Dentis, 
Dental follicle — c. Humoris aquei, see Aqueous 
humour of the eye — c. Lentis, see Crystalline — c. 
Nervorum, Neurilemma — c. Sequestralis, see 

CAPSULiE SEMINALES, Vesiculse S. — c. 
Syr o vial ea, Bursa? mucosas. 
" CAPSULA IRE, Capsular. 

CAP'SULAR, Caps ula' rie, (F.) Capsulaire. 
Relating to a capsula or capsule. 

Capsular Arteries, Suprare'nal Arteries and 
Veins. Vessels belonging to the suprarenal cap- 
sules. They are divided into superior, middle, 
and inferior. The first proceed from the inferior 
phrenic, the second from the aorta, and the third 
from the renal artery The corresponding veins 
enter the phrenic, vena cava, and renal. 

Capsular Cataract, see Cataract. 

Capsular Lig'ament, Ligamen'tum capsida're, 
Cap'sula articida'ris, Artic'ular or Fibrous cap- 
sule, (F.) Ligament capsulaire, Capsule articu- 
laire, Capsule fibreux, &c. Membranous, fibrous, 
and elastic bags or capsules, of a whitish consist- 
ence, thick, and resisting, which surround joints. 

CAPSULE, Cap'sula, Capsa, a box, or case, 
(F.) Capsule. This name has been given, by ana- 
tomists, to parts bearing no analogy to each other. 

Capsule, Bowman's, see Kidney — c. Cellular, 
of the Eye, see Eye — c. Fibrous, Capsular liga- 

Capsule, Gelat'inous, Cap'sula gelat'inee, 
(F.) Capsule gelatineuse, Capsule of gelatin. A 
modern invention by which copaiba and other 
disagreeable oils can be enveloped in gelatin so 
as to conceal their taste. 

Capsule of Glisson, Cap'sula Glisso'xit seu 
cornmu'nis Glisso'nh, Yagi'na Partes, V. GliS- 
So'nii. A sort of membrane, described by Glis- 
son, which is nothing more than dense areolar 
membrane surrounding the vena porta and its 
ramifications in the liver. 

Capsule of the Heart, Pericardium — c. Ocu- 
lar, see Eye. 

Capsule, Renal, Suprare'nal or Atrabil'- 
iary C , Renal Gland. Glan'dula suprarena'lis, 
Cap'sula rena'lis seu suprarena'lis seu atrabilia'- 
r*8, Ren snecenturia'tus, Nephrid'ium, (F.) Cap- 
sule surrenale ou atrabiliaire. A flat triangular 
body, which covers the upper part of the kidney, 
as with a helmet. A hollow cavity in the interior 
contains a brown, reddish or yellowish fluid. The 
renal capsules were long supposed to be the secre- 
tory organs of the fancied atrabilis. They are 
much larger in the foetus than in the adult. 
They are probably concerned in lymphosis. 

A singular condition of cachexia, the leading 
characteristics of which are anaemia, general lan- 
guor and debility; remarkable feebleness of the 
heart's action ; irritability of the stomach, and a 
peculiar bronzed skin, was first described by Dr. 
Thos. Addison, of London, as connected with a 
diseased condition of the supra-renal capsules. 
It has been proposed to call it the Disease of Ad- 
dison. (F.) Maladie d" Addison. 

Capsule, Sem'inal, Cap'sula semina'lis. Bar- 
tholine thus designates the extremity of the vas 
deferens, which is sensibly dilated in the vicinity 
of the vesiculae seminales. Some anatomists ap- 
ply this name to the vesieulas themselves. 

Capsule, Syno'vial, Capsula Synovia'lis. A 

membranous bag. surrounding the movable arti- 
culations and canals, which gives passage to ten- 
dons. Synovial capsules exhale, from their arti- 
cular surface, a fluid, whose function is to favour 
the motions of parts upon each other. See Bursa 
mucosa, and Synovia. 

LIARE, Capsule, renal. 

CAPSULITIS, see Phacitis. 

CAP UC HON, Trapezius. 

CAPUCINE, Tropasolum majus. 

CAPULIES, Prunus capulin. 

CAPULUS, Scrotum. 

CAPUT, ' the head.' Also, the top of a bone 
or other part, (F.) Tete. The head of small 
bones is sometimes termed capit / ulum,capitell'um, 
cephalid'ium, ccph'alis, cephal' ium. Also, the 
glans penis. 

Caput Asperse Arteri.e, Larynx — c. Coli, 
Caecum — c. Gallinaceum, see Gallinaginis caput 
— c. Gallinaginis, see Gallinaginis caput — c. Ge- 
nitale, Glans — c. Lubricum, Penis— c. Major, see 
Epididymis — c. Minor, see Epididymis — c. Mo- 
nachi, Leontodon Taraxacum — c. Obstipum, Tor- 
ticollis — c. Penis, Glans. 

Caput Pur'gia, Capitipnr'gia. Remedies, 
which the ancients regarded as proper for purg- 
ing the head : — errhines, sternutatories, apophleg- 
matisantia, &e. Prosper Alpinus makes the caput 
pnrgio to be the same as errhines ; and the npo- 
phlegmatismi the same as the inastica*ories of 
the moderns. 

Caput Scapulae, Acromion. 

Caput Succepa'neum. A term sometime? used 
for the tumefied scalp, which first presents in 
certain cases of labour. 

Caput Testis, Epididymis. 

CA Q UE-SANG UE, Cague-sangue. Old Fren eh 
words which signifyaBfoorfy evacuations, (F.) De- 
jections sanguinoloites. They come from caeare, 
'to go to stool,' and sanguis, 'blood.' Under 
this term was comprehended every affection in 
which blood is discharged from the bowels. 

CARA SCHULLI, Frutex In'dicus spino'sus, 
Barle'ria bu.rifo'lia. A Malabar plant, which, 
when applied externally, is maturative«and resol- 
vent. The decoction of its root is used, in the 
country, in ischuria. 

CARABAC'CIUM. An aromatic wood of In- 
dia, of a yellowish colour, and a smell like that 
of the clove. Its decoction and infusion are 
given as stomachics and antiscorbutics. 

CAR'ABUS. A genus of coleopterous insects. 
Two species, the ehrysoceph'alus and ferrugin'eus 
have been recommended for the toothach. They 
must be pressed between the fingers, and then 
rubbed on the gum and tooth affected. 
CARACTERE, Character, Symbol. 
CARAGNA. Caranna. 

CARAMATA, Arumari. A tree in the inland 
parts of Pomeroon. It furnishes a febrifuge bark, 
which Dr. Hancock says may be used in typhoid 
and remittent fevers where cinchona is either 
useless or pernicious. 

CARAMBOLO, Averrhoa carambola. 
CARAMEL, Sac'charum prrcoc'tum seu tos- 
tum. Sugar subjected to the action of heat, until 
it is partly decomposed, deliquescent, of a brown 
colour, and a strong, agreeable and empyreumatic 

CARAN'NA, Caragna, Tacamalia'ca, Caragna, 
Caran'nai Gummi, G. Brel'isis, Gum Caran'na f 
(F.) Caragne, Gomme Caragne ou Carane. A 
gum-resinous substance, which flows from a large 
tree in New Spain, and is obtained from South 
America in impure masses. It preserves its soft- 
ness for a long time, has an aromatic smell, and 
a slightly acid and bitter taste. It was formerly 
used as a vulnerary and in plasters. 




CAR \W.\Y, Carom. 

\\v w SBEDS, sec faruin. 
BASA, Linteum. 
c \ RB V.SUS, Linn urn. 

( IRBO, Carbon, 1'. Carbon*. An elemen- 
tarv body, extensively distributed in nature: but 
of which the two following forma are officinal in 
the Pharmacopoeia of the Doited States, also, 
a eoali charooaL 

c x i : it i Liein, ' Ckarbon, Freeh 

Charcoal i- antiseptic. It isused to improve the 

. <• organa in rases of worms, dyspepsia, 

is a cataplasm t<> gangrenoua and fetid 

tin< a. a c, and forma a good tooth-] 

■ jr. x to J5j. Also, Anthrax. 

i Amm v'i \<. ' . —. Anil, ml charcoal, 
arbon animal, usually prepared by suh- 
jecting bonea to a red heat in close vessels. The 
result is Bone black, commonly oalled Ivory black. 
| r. A'-//- animal on </'<>*. It ia given in the 
i- Car bo I. i'/n i, ami has been extolled 
3 to gr. iij. 
The Pharmacopoeia of the United Stat 
tains a formula for the preparation <>f Carbo 
Amm Ci.i> Pi rifica'tob, Purified anitnai char- 
Baal (Carbon, animal. ibj : Acid muriaU, 
ua fzxij). Pour the muriatic acid, previously 
mixed with the water, gradually upon the char- 
Coal, ami digest with a gentle heat lor two (lays, 
nal'iv stirring the mixture. Saving al- 
lowed the undissolved portion to subside, pour 
off the Bupernatant liquor, wash the charcoal fre- 
quently with water until it is entirely free from 
acid, ami lastly dry it. 

• -', Litlianthrax, Stone coal. 
<' \::n i Hi ma'.m m. The human excrement. — 
I Laos. 

; i Lh;m, Carbo — o. Mineralis, Qraphitea 
— a. Palpebrarum, Anthraooais — c. Spongiae, 

C LRBON, Carbo — c. Sesqui-iodide of, Carbonis 
sesqui-iodidum — c Bisulphuret of, Carbonia -ul- 
phuretum — c Sesquichloride of, Carbonis trichlo- 
ridum — o. Sulphide of, Carbonia Bulphuretum — c. 
Bolpburet of, Carbonia Bulphuretum — c. Terchlo- 
ride of. Carbonis trichloridum, see Chloroform. 
CAR'BONAS or CARBONAS. h carbonate, 
irbonatc. A salt, formed by the combina- 
tion of carbonic acid with a salifiable base. 

(' irbos \^ N at it i< i m. Sodaa oarbonaa — o. Plurn- 
bico8, Plumbi aubcarbonas. 

nia- carbonas. 

CAR'BONATBD, Carbona'tue, Aera'tu*. (F.) 
Oarboni, A • '. That which is impregnated with 
carbonic arid. 

CARBONS, Carbon— c Tricklorur* de, Car- 
bonis trichloridum. 

CARBONS', Carbonated. 


< ARBON'IC ACID, Ac"tdu»i Carbon'ieum, 

f //"/<••, Factitious or Fixed Air, 

I m'ceoue or Calca'reoui or Airial or Mephit'- 

l, Mephifie Air, Spir'ittu letka'lie, (P.) 

Carbonique. This gas, which neither sup- 

i respiration nor combustion, is not often 

n i lioine. It ia the main agent in effer- 

. fermenting poull 

upying the lower parts of mines 

— when it ia called the choke >/<n,if, — cavern-, 

tombs, wells, brewers' vats, Ac. and not nnfre- 

j baa been tbe cause of death. Lime 

thrown into such places soon abaorba tDC acid. 

CAR] SQDICHL0RID1 M, Carbonia 


Seequi-Podide or Seequi- lod' urtt of 

made l>y mixing concentrated 

alcoholic solutions of iodine and potassa, until 

the former loses its colour ; a solution is obtained 
from which water throws down a yellow precipi- 
tate — the sesqui-iodide of oarboa. It hai 

BBCd in enlarged glands and in some cutaneous 
affections, applied externally, (.Jss to :jvj of 
cerate). See Iodoform. 

Carbo'his >t i.i-iit hk'tim. Sulph'uri* Carbu. 
re' turn, Sulphure'tnm sen Sul'/idum Carbo'nii, 
Carbo'nium Sulphura'tum, Al'cohol Sul'phuri*, 
Bieu/phure'tum Carbo'nii, Sulphuret, Sulphide or 
Bienlphuret of Carbon, Carburet Iff Sulphur, i F.) 
Stiff are de < arbone,Carbure de Sou/rt , 
burf, Alcool de Sou/,'-. This transparent, colour- 
less fluid, which baa a very penetrating, disa- 
greeable odour, and a taste which is < ling at 

firat, but afterwarda acrid ami Bomewbat aroma- 
tic, i,s u diffusible excitant. It is diaphoretic, 
diuretic, and has been said to have pi'" 
menagogne. It ia also need in nervoue diseasea 
a- an antispasmo lie. Dose, one drop to four, 
repeated frequently. 

It is used externally, where a cooling influence 

ha- to he rapidly exerted, and has been inhaled 

as an anaesthetic. 

CARBO'NIS TRICBXO'RIDUM, 0. Seequi-chlo'ri- 
(fiim. Terchloride or Seequichloride <>/' Carbon, 
i F. ) Trichlorure on Seequichlrtrure de Carbone, ia 
formed by the action of Chlorine <>n Chlorohy- 
dric ether, under the influence of sun -light. It has 
been given in cholera, ami applied to correct the 
fetor of foul ulcers. Dose, four grain 8 or more. 


CARBUNCLE, Anthrax. 

Carbuncle, Fohgous, Terminthns. 

Cakbinci.r of tiii. TnM.i k, Glossantbrax — c. 
Berry, Terminthns. 

CARBUNCLED PACE, Gotta rosea, 



CARBUNCTJLUS, Anthrax — e. Anginosna, 
Cynanche maligna — o. Contagiosns, Bee Anthrax 
'! — c. Gallicus, see Anthrax — e. Hungarians, Bee 
Anthrax — c. Lahiorum et genarum, Cancer aqua- 
ticua — c Polonicns, see Anthrax — e. Pulmonum, 
Necropneomonia — <■. Beptentrionalis,see Anthrax. 

I \ RBI N'i ii B H i Bl'HI & A red, shining, ami 
transparent .-tone, from the [ale of Ceylon: for- 
merly employed in ux dicine as a preservative 
against Beveral poisons, the plague, Ave. 

Carbuhoolus Ulcusculosus, Cynanche ma- 

CARBURE DE SOUFBE, Carbonis Bulphu- 


CAR'CAROS, from KapK'upw, 'I resound,' 'I 
tremble.' A fever, in which the patient lias a 
general tremor, accompanied with an unceasing 
noise in the ears. 

CARCINODE8, Cancroid, Chancreuee. 

C MM IINOIDES, "'aneroid. 

CARCINO'MA, Karkin&ma, Oaneero'ma, ( y /n>- 
cro'ma, from napKivep, 'a crab.' Son,,' authors 
have thus called indolent tumours different from 
cancer; others, incipient cancer; and others, 
again, the apooies of cancer in which tbe 
structure assumes the appearance of cerebral .-ui>- 
stance; bat tbe majority of authors use Carcino- 
ma in th, same sense a- Cancer. 

Caroikoma Alvbolarb, Colloid— c. Epitbeli- 
Epithelial Cancer — c. Pibrosum, Bcirrhua 

— e. Ibeinatodes, Ihematodes fuBgUB — C. I ! 1 1 < • - J i - 

Dorum, ESnteropatbia sanoerosa — o. LingusB, Qlos- 
Bocaroinoma — o. of the Liver, Hepatoscirrhoa — c. 
Medullare, Encepbaloid — <•. sfelanodes, Cancer, 

melanotic — <•. lielanoticum, Cancer, melanotic — ■ 
c. Simplex, Bcirrhua — <•. Bpongiosura, Bncepha- 
loiii, Hsematodoa fungus — o. Scroti. Cancer, chim- 
ney-sweepers' — c. Uteri, Metrocarcinoma, .Metro- 




scirrhus — c. Ventriculi, Gastroscirrhus ; see Gas- 
trostenosis cardiaca et pylorica. 

CARCINOMATOUS, Careinomato'sua, (F.) 
Careinomateux. Relating to Carcinoma. 

cephaloid — c. Sanglant, Encephaloid, Haeina- 
todes fungus. 

CARCINOS, Cancer. 

CARCINO'SES, (G.) Karcinosen, from K ap- 
kivos, ' a crab.' A family of diseases, according 
to the classification of Fuchs ; which embraces 
the different forms of Cancer. 

CARCINOSUS, Cancerous. 


CARDAMANTICA, Cardamine pratensis, Le- 
pidium Iberis. 


CARDAMINE FONTANA, Sisymbrium nas- 
turtium — c. Nasturtium, Sisymbrium nasturtium. 

Cardami'ne Praten'sis, Cardami'ne, Carda- 
man'tica, Nastur'tium Aquat'icum, Car'damon, 
ddi fios, Tbe'ris soph'ia, Nastur'tium praten'se, 
Ladies-smock, Cuckoo-flower, Common Bitter 
Cress, Meadoio Cress, (F.) Cresson elegant ou des 
pres, Passerage sauvage. Ord. Cruciferee. The 
flowers have been considered useful as antispas- 
modics, in the dose of gj. to ^ij. They are pro- 
bably inert. 

CARDAMOM, Cardamo'mum (F.) Cardamome. 
The name of the fruit of various species of 
Amomum and Elettaria, respecting the botanical 
history of which there has been much confusion. 

Cardamom, Bengal, Amomum maximum — c. 
Cluster, Amomum cardamomum — c. Greater, 
Amomum Grana Paradisi — c. Java, Amomum 
maximum — c. Lesser, Amomum cardamomum — 
c. Nepal, Amomum maximum — c. Round, Amo- 
mum cardamomum. 

CARDAMOME, Amomum cardamomum — c. 
de la Cote de Malabar, Amomum cardamomum. 

paradisi — c. Minus, Amomum cardamomum — c. 
Piperatum, Amomum grana paradisi — c. Rotun- 
dum, Amomum cardamomum — c. Wild, Fagaras- 
trum Capense. 

CARDAMON, Cardamine pratensis. 

CARDAMUM MAJUS, Tropaeolum majus. 

CARDERE, Dipsacus sylvestris — c. Cultivi, 
Dipsacus fullonum. 

CARDIA, Kapha, 'the heart.' Stom'achus, 
Orific"ium sinis'trum seu Ingres'sus supe' rior 
sen Ostium oesophage' 'um ventric'uli. The supe- 
rior or oesophageal orifice of the stomach. Also, 
the Heart. 

GAR'DIAC, Cardi'acus, from Kapha, 'the 
heart ;' or the upper orifice of the stomach. (F.) 
Cardiaque. Relating to the heart, Carditic, 
Car'dial, (F.) Cardiaire, Carditique, — or to the 
upper orifice of the stomach. A cordial. 

Cardiac Ar'teries, Cor'onary arteries, (F.) 
Arteres cardiaques ou coronaires, are two in 
number. They arise from 'the aorta, a little above 
the free edge of the sigmoid valves, and are dis- 
tributed on both surfaces of the heart. 

Car'diac Gan'glion, Gan'glion cardi'acum, 
situated beneath the arch of the aorta, to the 
right side of the ligament of the ductus arteriosus. 
It receives the superior cardiac nerves of opposite 
sides of the neck, and a branch from the pneu- 
mogastric, and gives off numerous branches to 
the cardiac plexuses. 

Cardiac Nerves, (F.) Nerfs cardiaques. These 
are commonly three on each side; a superior, 
middle, and inferior, which are furnished by cor- 
responding cervical ganglia. Commonly, there 
are but two on the left side ; the upper and mid- 
dle, which draw their origin from the last two 
cervical ganglia. Scarpa calls the superior — 

Cardi'acus super -ficia 'lis ; the middle — C. profun- 
dus seu magnuH ; and the inferior — C. parvM 
seu minor. There are, besides, Cardiac jil'aments, 
(F.) Filets cardiaques, furnished by the par va- 
gum or pneumo-gastric nerve, which become 
confounded with the above. 

Cardiac Plexus, Plexus cardi'acus. There 
are three cardiac plexuses. 1. The great cardiac 
plexus is situated upon the bifurcation of the tra- 
chea. It is formed by the convergence of 
the middle and inferior cardiac nerves ; and by 
branches from the pneumogastric, descendens 
noni, and first thoracic ganglion. 2. The anterior 
cardiac plexus is situated in front of the ascend- 
ing aorta near its origin. It is formed by fila- 
ments from the superior cardiac nerves ; from 
the cardiac ganglion ; and from the great cardiac 
plexus. Filaments from this plexus ac-company 
the left coronary artery, and form the anterior 
coronary plexus. 3. The p>osterior cardiac plexus 
is seated upon the posterior part of the ascending 
aorta near its origin. It is formed by numerous 
branches from the great cardiac plexus. It 
divides into two sets of branches, which together 
constitute the posterior coronary plexus. 

CARDIAC Veins, Coronary Veins, (F.) Veinea 
Cardiaques, are commonly four in number ; two 
anterior and two posterior. They open into the 
right auricle by one orifice, which is furnished 
with a valve, and is called, by Portal, Sinus coro- 
naire du Coeur. 

CARDIACA CRISPA, Leonurus cardiaca — 
c. Passio, Cardialgia — c. Trilobata, Leonurus 
cardiaca — c. Vulgaris, Leonurus cardiaca. 

CARDIACUS, Cordial, Stomachal. 

CARDIAGMUS, Cardialgia. 

CARDI'AGRA, Affec'tio arthrit'ica cordis; 
from Kapha, 'the heart,' and aypa, 'seizure.' 
Gout of the heart, Cardialgia. 

CARDIAG'RAPHY, Cardiagra'jyhia, from 
Kapha, 'the heart,' and ypatyn, 'a description.' 
An anatomical description of the heart. 

CARDIAIRE, see Cardiac. 

CARDIAL, see Cardiac. 

CARDIAL' GIA, Cardi'aca Passio, Col'ica 
Ventric'uli, Spasmus Ventric'uli, Perodyn'ia, 
Cordo'lium, Cardilce'a, Dys])epsodyn'ia, Dyxpep- 
siodyn'ia, Dyspeptodyn'ia, Peratodyn'ia, Car- 
diod'yne, Gastrodyn'ia, Gastral'gia, G aster al' gia, 
GastrocoVia, Gastrod'yne, Pas'sio Cardi'aca, 
Stomachal' gia, Stomacal'gia, Cardi'acus Morbus, 
Cardiog'mus, Cardial' gy ; from Knphia, ' the car- 
diac orifice of the stomach,' and a\yos, 'pain.' 
Pain of the stomach, (F.) Douleur de V Estomac, 
D. nevralgique de V Estomac. Also, Heartburn, 
(F.) Cardialgie, Ardeur d'Estomac, A. du Cceur. 
Impaired appetite, with gnawing or burning pain 
in the stomach or epigastrium, — Morsus seu ardor 
ventric'uli, Morsus stom'achi, Soda, Limo'sis car- 
dial'gia mordens, Rosio Stom'achi seu Ventric'- 
uli : — a symptom of dyspepsia. 

Cardialgia Inflammatoria, Gastritis — c. 
Sputatoria. Pyrosis. 

CARDIALOG'TA, from Kapha, 'the heart,' 
and Xoyos, 'a discourse.' A treatise on the heart. 

CARDIAN A STROPHE, Ectopia cordis. 

CARDIARCTIE, Heart, concentric hypertro- 
phy of the. Contraction of the cavities of the 

CARDIA'RIUS; same etymology. A name 
given to a worm, said to have been found in the 
heart or pericardium. 

CARDIATOM'IA, from Kapha, 'the heart/ 
and TEfjtvziv, 'to cut.' Dissection of the heart. 

CARDIATROPHIA, Heart, atrophy of the. 

CARDIAUXE, Heart, hypertrophy of the. 

CARDIECTASIS, Dilatation of the heart, see 
Aneurism of the heart — c. Partialis, Aneurism 
of the heart. 


1 G9 


CARDIELCOSIS: from Kapha, 'the heart,' 
and 'iXxof, 'an ulcer.' Ulceration of the beard 


CARDIE1 K.YSMA, Aneurism of the heart. 

CAB • ardialgia. 

CARDIM ELECH, from Ka P 8ia, 'the heart." 
and 17*3 • Meiek, (Hebr.,) *a governor.' A sup- 
posititious aetive principle seated in the heart, 
and governing the vital functions. — Dolsens. 

CARDINAL FLOWER, Lobelia oardinalis— 
c. f. Bine, Lobelia syphilitica. 

tDIN \L PL \.\ T. Lobelia eardinalie, 

OMENTUM, Ginglymos, Qomphosis. 
HOBOT \X! M. Centaarea benedict*. 

OARDIOCB'LE, from smeita, «the heart.' and 
KriXtj, 'rupture.' Hernia of the heart, especially 
into the abdominal eavitv. 

CARDIOCLASFB, CarcHorrhexia. 

OARDIOD'YNE, Cardiodyn'ia ; from Kapha, 
'the hearr. the stomach,' ami shown, 'pain.' Tain 
in the heart. Alao, Oardialgia. 

Oardiodtne Spasmodic a Inti:i:MITTKNS, An- 
gina }>< ctoris. 

c LRDIOG'MUS. Hippocrates employed this 
word K<ip&iu>y;io<;. syaon ymousl y with eardialgia. 
In the tune of Qalen it was need, by Borne writers, 
for certain pulsations of the heart, analogous to 
palpitations. Sauvages nnderstood by Cardiog- 
snns an aneurism of the heart or great vessel.-. 
when still obscure. Also. Angina pectoris. 

toowua Corois Bihistri, Angina pectoris. 

CARDIOM \LATIA. Malaoo'sis sen Mala' da 
lea Malax'is sen Mollit"ies Cordis, (P.) Ramol- 
. from Ka,j6ia, ' the heart.' ami 
maXaxta, ' Boftneas.' Boftening of the heart, caused 
by inflammation of the organ, or a consequence 
of some lesion of the function of nutrition. 

CARDIOM'ETRY, Cardiometrria, from Kapha, 
'heart,' and ueraev, 'measure.' Measurement of 
the heart, as by percussion and auscultation. 

CARDIOMYOLIPOSIS, Steatosis cordis. 

CARDIONCHI, see Aneurism. 

CA RDION EUR A LOIA, Angina pectoris. 

CARDION'OSUS, Morbus cordis, from Kapha, 
' heart.' and voeos, * disease.' Disease of the heart. 
Heart list 

C IRDIOPALMUS, Oardiotromus. 

CARDIOPERICARDITI8, Bee Pericarditis. 

CARDIORRHEU'MA, Rheumatia'nn* cordis .• 
from to bia, 'the heart, and pevun, 'defluxion, 
rheumatism.' Rheumatism of the heart. 

LDIORRHEX'IS, Oardiociasie, (Piorry,) 
Rmptufra cardie, (P.) Rupture du Carur, from 
•the heart,' and pntts, ' laceration.' Lace- 
ration of the heart. 

CARDIOSCLEROSIS, (Piorry), from Kapha, 
'the heart.' and <r/cA^p ?, 'hard.' (P.) Endurcisse- 
mtmi du Catur. Induration of the heart. 
^ CARDIOBTENO'818, Stenoear'dia, from Kap- 
hu, 'the heart, and artvuierig. 'contraction.' Con- 
traction of the openings of the heart. 

DIOTRAU'M \. from tapita, 'the heart,' 
Ml I " i, • i wound.' A wound of the heart. 

CARDIOT'ROMUS, PaJpita'tio Cordis trep'- 
idans, Caniiopal'mtts, Trepida'tio Cordis, from 
■the heart,' and rpofiog, ' tremor.' Rapid 
ble palpitation or Buttering of the heart. 

C ^RDIOT'ROTUS, from eapiia, 'the heart,' 
ami nrpwKu, ' I iround.' One affected with a 
wound of the loart. — Galea* 

CARDfTE, Carditis. 

CARDITIC, Cardiac Also, relating or be- 

.' to carditis. 

C \ RDI'TIS, from taoii i, ' the heart, and the 

termination Ms, Inflammation of the Seshy 

: the heart. / ardi'tis, 

Jnfiamma'tio Cordis, I. Cardi'tis, Cauma Cnrdi'- 

tis, Myocardi'tis, Cardi'tis Museula'rio, (F.) /„. 

/lammarion dm Oatur, Cordite. The symptoms 

of this affection are by M meant clear. They 
are often confounded with those of pericarditis, 
er inflammation of the membrane investing the 
heart. Carditis, indeed, with many, includes 
both the inflammation of the external investing 
membrane and that of the interior of the heart. 
Pericarditis, and Endocarditis. 

CARDITIS L\ni:\\. Pericarditis — c. Interna, 
Endocarditis — o. Afusoularis, Carditis — e. ftfem- 
branoaa, Pericarditis — o. Polyposa, Polypi of the 
heart — e. Serosa, Pericarditis. 

C \!1Im). Ginglymus. 

CARDOPATIUM, Cariina acanlis. 

c LRDOPERICARDITIS, see Pericarditis. 

CARDD1 S ALT I LIS. Cynara scolymus — c. 
r.enedictus. Centaurea henedicta — c. Lra/.ilianus, 
Bromelia ananas — c. Domesticus capita majori, 
Cynara scolymus — e. Hemorrhoidalis, Cirsinm 

Car'Duus Maim Cms, C. Ma' rim seu lac'teua, 
Si/'ybum, S. Maria'num seu maeula'tum, Car'tha- 
mus macula' t us, Gir'siutn maeula'tum, Spina alba, 
Common Milk Thistle, Ladies' Thistle, (F.) 
Chardon-Marie. Ord. CompositSB. The herb is 
a hitter tonie. The seeds are oleaginous. It is 
not used. 

Card cua Parana, Atractylis gummifera — c. 
Bativus, Carthamus tinctorius — c. Sativus non- 
spinosus, Cynara scolymus — c. Solstitialis, Cen- 
taarea ealoitrapa — c. Btellatus, Centaurea calci- 
trapa — e. TomentoSUS, Onopordium acanthium — 
c. Veneris, Dipsacus fullonum. 

C \lM:i: TRESIS, Carebaria, 

sis, from Kaprj. 'the head,' and (ia^og, 'weight.' 
Scordine'ma, Oereba'ria, Scordinis'tntts, Cording** 
ma. Heaviness of the head. — Hippocrates, Galen. 

CARE'XA. Kare'na. The twenty-fourth part 
of a drop. — Ruland and Johnson. 


CARE UAL Carom. 

CA R E X ARENARIA, Saroaparittn Qermanioa. 

OARIACOU. A beverage, used in Cayenne, 
and formed of a mixture of cassava, potato, and 
sugar, fermented. 

CAR'ICA, from Carta, where the fig was culti- 
vated. See Ficus cariea. 

Car'icv PaiCya. Papau tree, Pawpaw, (F.) 
Papui/cr. Ord. Cucurbitaceae. A native of 
America, India, and Africa. The fruit has 
somewhat of the flavour of the pumpkin, and 
is eaten like it. The milky juice of the plant 
and the seed and root have been regarded as 

The papau), of North America, belongs to the 
order Anonaeea?, (Ano'na sen Asi'mina Ben Por- 
eel'ia seu Uva'ria tri'loba, Ficus fn'dica, Orchi~ 
docar'pum arieti'num,) Custard Apple Family. 

CAR'ICUM. Said to have been named after 
its inventor Caricus. Car'yeum, A di I 
application to ulcers: compose. 1 of black helle- 

1m, re, Bandaaraoh, oopperj lead, sulphur, orpiment, 
oantharides, and oil of cedar. — Hippocrat 

\/'//'. Caries— e. </<» Dents, Dental gangrene. 

I'M! IK. Carious. 

OA'RIES, Nigrit"ies Os'sium. An ulceration 
of bone, Osteohelco'sis, — -Necrosis being death of a 
hone, it resembles the gangrene of Bofl parts. 
B it baa been termed Caries gangrajno'sa, 

(I'aii'/ra'mi Oa'riesBeu Os'sium, Tere'do, Arro'siOf 
Euros, iV.) Carte. It is recognised by the swell- 
ing of the bone which precedes and accompanies 
it ; by tin- abscesses it occasions : the Qstulsa 
which form : the Banious eharaoter, peculiar odour 
and quantity of the Bnppuration, and by tin <\ \- 
deaee afforded by probing. The most common 

Causes of caries are blows, the action oi 
virus, and morbid dituhe.-es. VYhen dependent on 




any virus in the system, this must be combated 
by appropriate remedies. When entirely local, it 
must be converted, where practicable, into a suite 
of necrosis or death of the affected part. For 
this end, stimulants, the actual cautery, <fcc, are 

Caries, Dexticm. Dental gangrene — c. Puden- 
dorum, see Chancre — c. of the Vertebra?. Verte- 
bral disease — c. Vertebrarum, Vertebral disease. 

CARIEUX, Carious. 

CARIM CURIXI, Justitia ecbolium. 

CAR1XA. 'a ship's keel.' The vertebral co- 
lumn, especially of the foetus. Also, the breast- 
bone bent inwards. Hence, Pectus carina' turn : 
— the chest affected with such deformity. 

C A'lllOUS. Cario'sus, Euro'des, (F.) Carie, 
Odrieiuc. Affected with caries. 


CARIVE. Myrtus pimenta. 

CARIVILLANDI, Smilax sarsaparilla. 

CARLIXA, 'Carline Thistle.' 

Carli'na Acaui/is, C. ehamce'leon, Chamce'- 
Jeon album, Cardopa'tium, (F.) Cnrline sans tige. 
Ord. Composites, which grows in the Pyrenees, 
and on the mountains of Switzerland, Italy, &c, 
has been recommended as a tonic, emmenagogue, 
an 1 sudorific. 

Carlina Cham.eleon. C. acaulis. 

CARLINE SANS TIGE. Carlina acaulis. 

CARLISLE SPRIXGS. These are about five 
miles from the town of Carlisle, in Pennsylvania. 
The water is mildly sulphureous. 

Root :' found in Mechoachan in America. The 
bark is aromatic, bitter and acrid. It is con- 
sidered to be sudorific, and to strengthen the 
gums and stomach. 

Carlsbad is a town in Bohemia, 24 miles from 
Egra, celebrated for its hot baths. The water 
contains about 47 parts iu the 100 of purging 
salts. It is a thermal saline: temperature 121° 
to 167° Fahrenheit. The constituents are — car- 
bonic acid, sulphate of soda, carbonate of soda, 
and ehloride of sodium. 

GARMANTItfE, Justitia pectoralis— c. Pecto- 
ral'-. Justiria pectoralis. 

CARMEX. ' a verse.' An amulet. A charm, 
•which, of old, often consisted of a verse. See 

CARMINANTIA, Carminatives. 

C A R M 1XATIVA. Carminatives. 

CARMIX'ATIVES, Carminan'tia seu Carmi- 
nati'va, from carmen, 'a verse,' or 'charm.' An- 
tiphys'ica, Phyxago'ga, Xan'tica, AntipJnjset' ics, 
(F.) Cnminati'fs. Remedies which allay pain, 
'like a charm,' by causing the expulsion of 
flatus from the alimentary canal. They are gene- 
rally of the class of aromatics. 

The Foer Greater Carminative Hot Seeds, 
Quat'uor sem'ina eal'ida majn'ra carminati'va, 
were, of old, anise, carui. cummin, and fennel. 

The Four Lesser Carminative Hot Seeds, 
Quat'uor sem'ina eal'ida mino'ra, were bishop's 
weed, stone parsley, smallage, and wild carrot. 

CARMOT. A name given, by the alchymists, 
to the matter which they believed to constitute 
the Philosopher's stone. 

CARNABADIA, Carum, (seed.) 

CARNABADIUM, Cuminum cyminum. 

CARNATIO, Svssarcosis. 

CARNATION, Dianthus caryophyllus. 

CARNELTAN, Cornelian. 

CARNEOLUS, Cornelian. 

CAR'NEOUS, Camo'sus, Sarco'dea, Inearna'- 
tns. from earn, carnis, 'flesh,' (F.) Ckarnu. 
Consisting of flesh, or resembling flesh. 

Carneoes Columns, Fleshy Columns, Colum'- 

n<B Camece, of the heart, (F.) Colonnes charnuen, 
are muscular projections, situate in the cavities 
: of the heart. They are called, also, Mutfeuli 
Papilla' res. 

Carnrous Fibres, Fleshy Fibres, Jfns'cular 
Fibres, (F.) Fibres charnues ou musculo ire*, are 
fibres belonging to a muscle. 

CARNEUM MARSUPIUM, Ischio-trochan- 

CARXIC'ULA. Diminutive of caro, carnis, 
'flesh.' The sum. — Fallopius. 

CARNIFICA'TIO, Camification — c. Pulmo- 
num. Hepatisation of the lungs. 

CARXIFICA'TIOX, Carnijica'tio, from cam, 
carnis, 'flesh,' and fieri, 'to become.' Trans- 
formation into flesh. A morbid state of certain 
organs, in which the tissue acquires a consistence 
like that of fleshy or muscular parts. It is some- 
times observed in hard parts, the texture be- 
coming softened, as in Osteo-sareoma. When it 
occurs in the lungs, they present a texture like that 
of liver. Such is the condition of the foetal lung. 

which ordinarily occurs in the neighborhood of 
the articulations, and whose orifice is hard, the 
sides thick and callous. — M. A. Severinus. 

CARNIVOROUS, Camiv'oru*. Sarcoph'a- 
gns, Creatoph'agus, Creoph'agus, Zooph'agoun, 
Creatoph'agous, Creoph' agous, Kreatoph 'ngnun, 
(F.J Carnivore; from caro, carnis, 'flesh.' and 
voro, 'I eat.' That which eats flesh. Any sub- 
stance which destroys excrescences in wounds, 
ulcers. &c. 

CARXOSA CUTIS, Panniculus carnosus. 

C ARN OS' IT AS, (F.) Carnosite, from caro, 
carnis. 'flesh.' A fleshy excrescence. 

uncles in the Ure'thra, (F.) Carnosites ou Caron- 
j! cules de I'uretre. Small fleshy excrescences or 
'' fungous growths, which were, at o