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•'1 1 i ' 


Gentleman s Magazine. 

Hiftorical Chronicle. 

Volume LXVII. 




^t detract Htad, Rtd Lian Pajjagt, FltetStrttt ; 

■here LsTTZ&s ue particularly rcijucfted to be Tent, Post PAtnr 

Dr Corner el St. Pati Oarti Twi, Z.«.rrjaK-Slrcil, ll^V 



URBAN, the Mufe to thee repeats her lays ; 
Who love thy labours Ihould impart their praift. 
SccTaftc fupcrior to the mafs appear. 
And Judgement's bafe on various Science rear : 
Tis thus the Foreft-trecs high towering rife, 

' •^ Their bafe in earth, their canopy the ikies ;** 
Beneath their umbrage live th'aerial race. 
Their DatVal freehold, and their happieft place ; 
Below, from earth the herds their comfort draw^ 
And follow Nature, form'd by Nature's law ; 
While the gay infcdt-train or dart or fly, 
A fliort-liv'd race, that breed, take wing, and die. 
But ftill the lufty Oak and healing Pine, 

" The Elm, or Afli, for all our wants combine ; 
In endlefs Ihapes domeftic they are fpread ; 
The chearful fire cv'n from their refufc fed ; 
Disjoin'd, cemented, of the Foreft born, 
Ships form new groves upon the briny lawn. 
And as the Foreft, fo thy Work imparts 
A fiore exhauftlefs to the Liberal Arts ; 
A fruitful glebe, where every birth conveys 
Some bloom, to brighten 'ncath ihy friendly rays; 
While, like its foliage, numVous (hades combine. 
And round their parent-trunk encircling twine. 
See Genius occupy the loftieft fite. 
And Ihine ennobled by its Patron's light ; 
See kccn-ey'd Criticifm unite to fcan 
All that contributes to the gen'ral plan ; 
To raifc low Merit from its grave of earth, 
And give its various fruits a fecond birth ; 
Tlius every claim doth with thy Work afcend, 
Ccnftfllng Uiv!iAN as the general friend. 

* tf public ir.?n may draw on public fome; 
PIcasM Willi Uiv' echo of a patriot name ; 
If the Philanth'.'.j^ill:, with friendly glow, 
Actra(!ls our fricnrllhlp, and difpcls our woe ; 
Who, like the in»lucnce of the Summer's day, 
{mpiiris to all l\h mild and chcaring ray ^ 
If ihelc have praife — tlie Mufe fhould then entwine 
ilcr lays for Ui;baN| Patroa of i^e Mine. 
Vec.3,U 1797. HAMI.KK. 

The Gentleman'?, Magazine 



•JANUARY, 1797. St 


Meteoroloi!.Dijri«f.'rni-c.i79'i,aril \■^a.l^^^^ 
(.'hiryter iif ihe \Ma Kfl'. U' Uciiwell 
■ pil:i|>ti M Sl Bciincl'tuiiJ-C. HriLikr, Eii). 4 
Uiiitcrfilr uf Oxfii U defculBl heiikCi Gibhwi ; 
V'ei ici wiiiWniinitcT Mr G'if .1!-Ui!:?li S'>a.'e >< 
A -[ rnir to lliB N«ihcrl'ii.lsiii 17^) ci'n IdmJ 6 
■t^niiyof tlis LnrdfZoiici.iirHJiriiiswuKli' 
Kujnuretll'nur — l^pei!— M.i'l't'iB.rJi-pici: 

WindieireainJC'ickemimilhCMlfu ilercfibtdi) 
>:piupjiiiii iter. Rich. Hlirifiiiiiit Kiani|it»n it. 
Luliclt liiti'ulaitiuiibf (J-iChtc Archil«aiit« ik 
'Tui^bduiiet in Liiicjla'ii Inn miicli KClleClItl iK 
A Soiig uti WiU Sitcoi'ii *>l an .itti Sliiftmiite 1 1 
R .-m..rki 11 Ml . FreiMl'tOxiJirL-t ..iCMihri Jge I a 
1)1, Harr'n^t'jii't Theotj clewljf B.';tM.|lKrl 14 
On;C.^ureiilSiiUTl-.yClilmnayi,Hi!:.£it£(nei!r i; u;cr>a ULreeti'.iiif.ii [lie 1 ghliiigo.' Kiim it 
^Tqiiicii Ha«mlie I'.isL uiijii'>ly n'nU'M d ik. 
CKlfillaiiJBr^'.vo<i.lCliuicli. ' ■" ' 

DiAcnliKt iii'l':k:i[>u— 1 ri;»li 
Mr. Fbxm u.'> ,\ ~inU t.itlii.K'<y.J Ac.J .my . 
Ciifluu SiniC'l liuiieiiii^-t'ilhiiy .I, ik,eei 
EmhellilAnt Willi fine ri:ii]).-^iire V 
UjIIIj , 1 - 

<^iiViA7iie]i|>'aiiinl — !.'<.■ lll:inJ<if Inch Kcilli ij 
A nm^irk Me \v.u\-.r:i 1 fn^n Kiir»t IUaii.i i<i\ 
Tli^riiglii iw KjiiH:...f Sii'in^R 'yilN<vy<i;! 
PjUilbeis .if lUHCi^nl C;i'..l.i|>ue) <it fli><:ki jo ! 
Onlriceiiiiinruiijr>i,;;«l Criuincinl t'oini jij 
A veryiifuffl Mc«li; .,t K.-iin- jt "cngal 3+ 
H"iln>p line l.iie.*i''-i-. t.'U-iilnimiCaw r i':. 
OJSlii ■'•rw.r-l'.-cni.r^itliurandEniinrijfi 
HriiJ'.'t.ii;fcF<>iil-Ni.u;r.^li><Ri>£tur^— UHilrnjS 
Onl'tl'iPine-i't .iimaci ty kiiElilh Kin^s ^7 
Isntx iNi'iLATamtj — t^irteiinrircreil j9 
ft«i»* cr Ni-w i-vtAicTiosi 46-sr 

jLi.rv'i r..Kl.iv, Aii.v:nlan.> WoilrniAo — 64 
liiMrE.tHis IiilblLfTiice fmm l.nndanGweiiei65 

-. ■, .(ie.i.'.'.',i;Uiii.i"'''-''-'''-''''"li«i;niteJSiat*<7! 

■uir/i'O *iiiy Sc.T- — 1I<iVt:.:.1 CruniclBi kn. 75 

MiUri«Ei», lJi-jlJH»f cn'.n.ei'.l I'crfMii 78— ^A 

ii..:J Mni 

>-, Ice. 

I. CIiuic! 

S r L f ^ N U S U Ji B A i\. 


tktrtUgical Dltrlaftr December, 1796* mid Janit»y, 1797. 
Mbteokological Table for January, i^ptf, 
,-.. L..J.™.. . Hmjhtof FahTMibeit'i ThemMnMer. 

Rtf|lito( Fabnnbcit'a TlwtnNnMUr. 


















































W.'C'a'iy, OjiticisB, jVo. 


:|.,n. p. 

in Jin. 1797. 


iS »9,9o 



4J 1 .98 



3S 1 '78 





r3« , ,sfi 

4° 1 t44 



48 ! '.JS 


47 1 ,iO 


4J 1 ,16 



40 j ,il ,:1ouJy 

JO i ,4. |...r 


15 1 .»» I-^ 


1, S>r»n.I. 

SW briOc 
NW tilm 

NNW c 
NNW e. 


38 ■! 
i 36 i. 

1* J' 31 



. ii*!'* 1" 

+"4 S+ 1(46 '+6 

^^' ;U54»i4- 




r4 1.6 jc1«r • 

.6 Icleju- A. M, uvercaft P. M. 

■5 ftiowen • 



I'nuw, ru[] apj r^ 



liltle foow 

.5 ;de3r 


•S !(how«T» 


•9 iiliK'ior iDd mild 

..0 Igloom, 

.0 glcKimy 

.0 [Liomy 

.' sluomy 

■ I dear with fiu 

■0 f«nllrainwhlif>« 


clear Willi (uii 
tleiT with run 




clear wHh fun 




lioomj, rain iboiit S A. Iff, 



"iiL>B nigiit— 1. tee from tin [ime pniid :tiJ 
— 9. Ill- one inch. — n, (ce 7-1 [lis uf n 
r iwchlrn.— ij, Siichhaslie™ iie t^^mpsrV- 

w air hai W«n wlwUy cl 

<i I. 



Gentleman's Magazine : 

For JANUARY, tjgy. 


Mr. UkbaV, 7j«. 6. 

1df^4f^^ MUCH wonder that 
^ \JL DO ofit of the nume- 

2^ T S fouifrieodf of the Uic 
^ c5 I«inienied Mr. Benweli 

^ ^ has paid a greater tri- 

W^yH^^yi^ bute of refpea to hit 

memor? thdU what 'ip« 
pcared in your Obitaary, to). LXVI. 
p. 797. A cbara£ler fo truly amable 
and excellent dcferves to be difpiaved 
in the brighteft coloorsi nor is it with 
any idea of rloint; juftice to hit merits 
that I trouble you with this account of 
him, but in the hope of drawing from 
lome more able pen a fuller and more 
perfeft delineation of his geotut and 

Mr. Btnwell was brought up under 
tbe circ ot the Rev. Dr. Valpy at 
Reading, who ftill conduct his (cnool 
with (o much credit to htmieif, and 
fuch adrant'tge to his numerous fcho- 
lars. He entered at Trinit* Coitege, 
Oxford, in the be^ini^ing of the < ear 
1783, and foon ditt.nguifhed himielf 
as an cxceltebt cUflical fcho.'ar, parti- 
culaily for hu L^tio compolitions both 
in profe and v«r(e. Thcfe atta'.nmenti 
led him to alpire to the public honour* 
of the UDivcrHty, and his cffo.ts were 
crowned with iuccefs ; firfl, by i^aining 
the Under-gradiiate's prize in 1785 for 
Lann hexameteis on *' The Siege and 
Pil:ageof Rome by Alaricf^' and then 
the Batchelor'Sy in the year 1787, by 
a very tlegjnt eflay on *' The Superior 
jiiy of the Moderns over the Antients 
in Art and Science." Henceforward 

he was looked up to as oce of the or»a- 
ments of the Univerfiryi and, befidet. 
his literary accompliflimentfli he was 
equally eftaemed and admired by hit 
friends for an amiable fweetnefs tad 
, modefty of difpofition, for maturity of 
judr.ement, and ao exquidte purity of 
general- tafte. 

Soon after taking his degree of A«|B« 
be was ordained deacon by the prcfcot 
Bilhcp of Hereford, then Biihop of 
Oxford \ and (there being yet no fiel« 
lowfhip vacant for him on the fbtiada* 
tion of his college) he retired to the 
curacy of Sunning ir. Berkfhire. Hero 
the fame unafloaiing modefty of man* 
ners, and purity ot character, gained 
him the love and eAeem of hit pariihy 
and the general refpeft of the neigh- 
bourhood. But it is in his behaviour 
to the poor that his admirable charac* 
ter m<A (hone forth. His kind and 
patient atiention to their wants and in« 
(irmitiesy his aliiduity in inftru^iag 
and catechizing the children, together 
wi'h hit' zeal in viiiting the (ick, and 
adminifUring to .them the comforts of 
relig.on, (hewed his own ftrong fen(o 
of clerical duty, and marked him as a 
moft conlcientious and exemplary cler* 
gynun. His own (incere piety too 
gave weight to his inftruflionSy which 
failed not f turn w$nnj t§ righttoufneft^ 
and. < eft an impieiiion, which, i dara 
fay, is not yet effaced from the mindt 
of his poor friends (as he ufed Co call 
them) ;n that extenJive parifli* 

In the year 1790 Mr. B. fuocecded 
to a fclJowihip of T^nity-coUege \ and 

fuffictent to proi^uce any ice.— Z4. Ice i 4-ioths inch. — 25. Ice 2 4-icths inches. Thit 
day the thermometer ft.o<id 19 degrees below the freeziiig-poiot at nine o'dack P. M. tho 
ufual time of merooranduming their refpedivc hcigUis (fee col. 2 Northern afpeft^ oK 
of doors), and lower than ever noticed by the writer of this.— 28. A cake of ice apoa 
the furface of the ground from the fall i.f fleet in the courfe of the nigJit. 

Fall of rain ihij. month, 2 3-.ioths inches. Evaporation- veffel broken by thefroft. 

Fall of rain the prafent year, 25 inches, .87. Evaporation eleven months of the yeai^ 
^2.6 inches. N. B. The qu.titiiy of evapgcAtiOQ daCtroyed by burfting of the veflel coo* 
taipiflg the water the prcftni moath* 

4 CharaHir$ftbelati /J/v.//r.BcnwcU,tf/Trin. Coll. Oxford. [Jail* 

*n his return to Oxford he cnfriged in chaile» eafy, and correal, formed in 
the tuition of pupils, and undertook, the fchool of Cicero and Addilon, or 
the care of 3 new edition of the Mrmo-. ' perhaps more nearly refembling rhe 

eiegant (implicitv of his favourite Xe« 
no|)hon. His critical tafte was emi« 
nentl^ juft and pure ; nor was it coa«* 
fined to lite^ry produ^ioos, but c« 
quaMy extended to p^iinting, printt, 
and eve-V wfrrk of elegant art.' His 
d>fcourfe!( for tlic pulpit were written 
and dtlivered in a flra:n of pie:v "tnd 
finctrttv, well ndap'ed to move the af- 
fections of hii poorei hearers, to whom 
heufed more parriruUrly to iddr-.Tt 
himfrif ; and bmh in manner and mat! 
ler his preaching flron^ly called to 
mind the piou<> ^nd tmiaolir ze%l of the 

rab'Uia tf Xi^9ph%m. In this work| 
from the muUipliclty of his other en- 
^aff'tncntf, his ' progrfct's was much 
flower thkn the lovert of Greek titera- 
ture cou'd have wiflied ; and, we be- 
lieve, only about two>thfrA oflt wert 
finiihedacthc ttme of hit death. Bat, 
from the fpecimens wnich the writer of 
this memoir has fecn, there is a difpliiy 
of accuracy of verbil cniicifm and 
text-emcodation, which rank him a*: 
moDg the foremoft of editors of the 
Chliics. Ht ^lib took upon himfelf the 
tioub'e of giving an entiieiy new L* 

tin trariilition. which, for elegance of good Bifhop Wilfon. With a mind 
I«atinity,isnot inferior to any that ever thus highly improved and well-direc* 
accompanied a Greek author, that of ted, had it pie afed D'vine Ptovidenca 

the Cyropxdia of Hutchmfon not ex- 

In the fpting of the laft year Mr B. 
was.tnftituted to ihe living of Ch'lton, 
in Su^olk, on the preTentation of Mr, 
Windham, the Secreury at War. 
This enabled him to accomplilh his 
union with a moftfenfible and am able 
woman, to whom he had been long at- 
tached with the pured fove, and who 
^as defervin^ of a man of fuch virtue 
aiid merit. Theirmarriage took pla^e in 
June; and in September a fever, which 
he caught in his hufOitnc .itteotion to a 
poor (ick family at Milton, deprived 
the world of his valuable life, and left 
his widow <ncon(olable for fo fudden a 
di^privation of all her hopes. The life 
of man is often called a breath— >a va- 
poui I And when we coniider the 
circumflances of this happy union, 
there feems fuch a daih of all human 
hopes and profpefls, at fully confirms 
Ihe idea of the fraii a«d pei ifliabie te* 
nure of oar laortal ftate. But " the 
▼irtuous foooed die ;" and this good 
man is called away to receive thole re* 
wards which are laid u[^ for fptrits fo 
pure and heavenly. 

To review bis general character ;<w- 
Ai a fcholar» Mr. Binw«ll was of the 
6rft rank^emmeatly literate as a cUffic 
and philologift, and of no lefs rehned 
tafle 4nd (kill in autxjuarian refe<irch« 

to have granted him a longer tertn of 
ycirs. he w6u'd no doubt have pro-' 
duced fome work th^t .^'ould have en« 
riched the ftores of learnng, ur pro* 
moted the c.iufc of virrue and religion. 

In flature Mr. Benwelt was at)Out 
the middle Hze, fleiidvr, and grntcel 
in perfon, of mild and penile deport* 
ment and manneis, which, wuh the 
(off expreffi m of his eyes and counie- . 
nance, contributed to render him uni* 
veif^lly beloved. 

His tofs to his friends is irreparable, 
and by »one of thim .s he more fin* 
cerely lamenred than by toe writer of 
this impertc^t dccouiit. He knew Mr. 
Benwell (won pticr hii entrance t the 
L^nive^^lt^, and always edeemed hit 
friendlhip and ncquMutance as one of 
the happie(\ ciicumUances of hi* :ife. 
This tribute of affedlion, thetcf re, he 
has wilhcd to pay to the n:emory cif 
him as a man of the mod pure and 
virtuous charafter, of refined genius 
and t^ile, and of the ftridcA difpofition 
and manners. 

■ Ijtttg y ai/Toysr ivo'iCi*nr, 

Mr. Urban, Jan. ii. 

AS you hive given, in vol. LXIV, 
pp. 187. 175. a very faithful cha- 
racter of Mr. Brooke, and the parti- 

culars of his untimely fate \ pcroiit me 
He hiS ipdetd compfeitdno work that to add, that a neat anjil plain mural 
nay carry his name down to pufterity ( monument by Afliton has been pUccd 

yet there are many fcattcred compofi- 
f^ions known to his friends (Come of 
vrhich, Mr U4 ban, adorn your pages), 
marked iVith evident traits of eeatua 
Uml abtl'ty. Hit flyle, both in his 
JUtin and £d^1iA 60iPpo£iioni| wm 

in Sc. fienet'k church, over the Heralds 
pew, with the foUpwing inicription by 
his friend Edmund Lodge, cfq. i«an* 
calter.Ht^ral, and R. A. S. 

Afois : £rn4ne on a bend Sable a 
tuwk'f lttrc» Qx^ line and ring A. a 

• ^itfcfAC 

t797«l Epitaph M Mr. UxooVit.'^StrtSfures en Mr. Gibbon. 5 

CRfcenr tfl chief for diflfereoce. Creft, 
^ It* hctfd Sables crafcdOule suborned 
«d bearded Or ; tl^ut the neck a col- 
Wof SS. Argeiity t crefceot for dtf- 

« SACRClVto the Memory 


of BNOLAN •, 
wd FEI^LOW of Che Snciety of ANTI« 

<^JAR1ES; from tiierefpeaaMe Family of modcfl to pnfix't. Never wcieva^ 

BAOOICF, of noDA'OK H in the nicy ami miriepretcncation more point- 

C-Junry 0f YOi<K» cdiy Mpoi'ed thao in this complete no* 

in* a peri'm o' unnvaed eminence dtca ion of a pi^ce, where an " incom- 

in his nn'ient ant'^feful prufeiBon. pecent idler." at lie igc of hftceo* MkL 

Whea we aic tj: • that tl j* valuaMe maii during « refidrnce of not nwire than fis 

tna moral and pous ilifpofiiion * months, dared to " ancifure, by hit 

iimuxJ - r,«>tt fhcarfulanr* ively humourj chi-difh flandard, the abilities nf tutors 

Every Academic, whofe ftudy it it 
-*<* eurvo Higoolicerc r«^ar«« 
Atqur in^er (ilras Acadcmi quaerere 

is much 'adebted to the fpirited author 
df " A Vvoid or two in Vindication qf 
the Uni^erfity cf Oxford, and of Mag« 
dalen College tn particular, from the 
pufthumou^ arperfi.>ns of Mr. Gib- 
bon C* a pamphlet cvidcnily printed tC 
a private prefs, with the view of con • 
cestiiig chf name of one who is too^ 

Tlui, with a mmd to comprehend, a jui!ge- 
ment to feleft. 
an«* a me i^ory to reta:o, 
every fort of ufeiul an^ .igreeahle infor« 
m tion^ 
he was Med with h temper, 
calm, unatrumin^i an'l inoik; Ave; 
Cliai Se li>ed in a i^r (^ iiir-.iiiacy 
with per:'ons of t' e highdt rank, 
and »»f iiic firfi 1 terary i h radlcr, 
without the f * aJcll tir.^turs o v i.'ity ; 
AKOVF A- I., tlai he cnjoycJ,' 
«*«tha hapf*-. c ibtut-.n • f Mody, 
tnancoirrronpruiperiry nwoildly aflhirs } 
1« u% in«»e. d of eni7ing :=ic i^olfefTiony 
reflet n thv awful uncct linty 
of thefe Sublunary nle^Iings; 
♦•or, A .\S! 
8ew3 in a moment b-reav-d of them, 

in the drca.'ful cabmity 
*'iich happcne«l, at the TheaCre in the 
Hay -market, 
onthe'hirdof Fe*Yuaiy, 17949 
ia the foiCyofixthyear of his age.' 


Mr Urban, Oxford, Die. ^x, 
1?VERY one, who reverences the 

and piofeli irs." Be it remembered, 
that his irregular behaviour occaiioned 
h'S exp iiiooi and that luch was^ his 
phiK.I.'pi.v, that to this expulHon is to 
be aitiibutcd all the venom he hat 
poured out upon his Alma Mater; 
ard that fuch was his vanity, chac he 
coufidered his puerile re(eotmems at 
dcfrrving to he tanked among his tail 
thou2hr>. Sibt €orflmt* [Sec p. 53.] 

As you were thr iirQ to explode the 
'^ too fafhionahle principles of his toa 
fa fh on able- woik " io your volume for 
177^1 pp* 366, 441 ; and as you have 
fioce lepeacedly admitted Hrifturtt 
upon it; the ingenious wiiter of the 
f llowin^ chara£leriftic lines has per- 
mitted them to be tranfcribed for infer- 
tion in your rali'able Mifcellaoy. 
Many of your readers may not have 
fcen the ludicrous Bgure to which they 
allude : but it is laid, by tbofe who 
have feen 'he original, to be a very 
faithful copy from rhe life. 
Writun un'dtr tbt full-Umglh SHADE 
a/ £.iW4td Gil>b n. £,9. ai txbibiud 
im bis poflbumous Wtrki pmblt/btd bf 
LxKi Sheffield t 

" Thou puny Statefman, thou Hiftorian 
bol<J, fmonldy 

Struck fiom kind Nitiire's moft fantaf^ic 
Q^eereft of Ihades • h:«il to thy womhrous 
fight, affirtght: 

Whicti fure the (hades below did much 
Rv Slieffield's pious care with noble clay 

Vcrum atque Deccns, owes many 

iboks to the ihie writer of the Utter 

to lord Siicffield, ahich has beec too 

iightly leviewved in p. 852, col, 1. It 

night have been obferved, that he has 
■uotcd the curious and cxtfaoidinaiv 
H'^ra^cr . four modern Roman Hillo- 

bSf which v u copied into >our vo- 

feae for 1790, p. 910; but that he ^ ^^ , ^,„ , ...,„• w<«.« ^»... ..w».v «... 

*f!Dnt prefume " to accottnt hjr the ^hy c^r^fe ^otsraild' thou re^^ 

^ci^n** cf the di(liny"ilh-d writer of jay^ [avail 

l^charader, " refpcfliig the mnives .Com'ft thou to (hew how much it doet 

l^ch urged the HiftOrian 10 attack To write l<ke Tacitus, and read like Baylei. 

^ ftiaoitv ;*' as it feems difficult to To fl<»c in faitii 'twixt Mecca, Dort, and 
cile lucb bbioloii with fucbchi* Rome; [Hume^ 

To live like lioracei aaA to ^^ V^« 

4 Charallefftbelati /J^.//r.BcnwcU,tf/Trin.Coll. Oxford. [Jail* 

*n his return to Oxford he eofraged in chafte, eafy, and corre^, formed in 

the tuition of pupils, and undertook, the fchool of Cicero and Addilon, or 
the care of a new edition of the BAttno*. ' perhaps more nearly refembling the 

rab'Uia %f J0^m»phi9. In this worki elegant iimpticitv of his fiivouritc Xe* 

from the muleipliclty of his other en- no^hon. His crittca! tafte was emi« 

Ktai^'Tiicntf, his progfets was much neml^ juft and pure ; nor was it coa* 

flower thkn th« lovert of Greek litem- fined to litCMry produ^ioos, but c« 

ture cou'd have wiihed ; and, we be- quaHy ext» nded to i),4inting, printt, 

Jieve, only about two* thrr A of tt were and eve-v wfrrk of elegant aitJ His 

faniihedacthc t«me of hit death. Bat, d>fcourfe^ ^nr the pulpit were written 

from the fpecimens wnich the writer of 
this memoir has fecn, there is a dirpUy 
ot accuracy of terbil cniicifm and 
text-emeodation, which rank him a- 
moDK the foremoft of editors of the 
Clafiics. Ht 4U0 took upon himfelf the 
tjoub'c of giving an entiieiy new L«- 

and dtlivered in a flra;a of pie.y ^nd 
finceritv, well nd^ip'ed to move the af- 
fe^ions of his ponrti hearers, to whom 
heufed morr parriruUrly to addrcft 
himfrlf ; and both in manner and niiitl 
ler his preaching; flronjily called to 
mind the pious ^nd «m<aole zeal of the 

tin tranilttion. which, for elegance of good Bifhop Wilfon. With a mind 
Latinity^iinot inferior to any that ever thus hikihly improved and well-direc* 
accompanied a Greek author, that of ted, had it pleafcd Divine Piovidence 

the Cyropaedia of Hutchmfon not ex 

In the fpMng of the laft year Mr B. 
was.inftituted to ihe livi.ig of Ch'tton, 
in Su^oik, on the prefentation of Mr, 
Windham, the Secretjry at War. 
This enabled him to accomplilh his 
union with a moft feniible and am able 
woman, to whom he had been long at- 
tached with the pured love, and who 
v^as defervin^ of a man of fuch virtue 
and merit. Theirmarnage took pla^e in 
June; and in September a fever, which 
he caught in his hu'nunc attention ro a 
poor C\ck family at Milton^ deprived 
the world of his valuable life, and left 
his widow locooiolable for fo fudden a 
deprivation of all her hopes. The life 
of man is often called a breath— >a va- 
pouf I And when we confider the 
circumflances of this happy union, 
there feems fuch a daih of all human 
hopes aod profpeAs, at fully confirms 
Ihe idea of the frail a«d pehfliabie te* 
nure of oar laortal ftate. But ** the 
▼irtuous fooned di? ;" and this good 
man is called away to receive thole re* 
wards which are laid u|^ for fpirits fo 
« pure and heavenly. 

To review bis general character ;-«- 
Af a fcholar^ Mr. Bcnw«il was of the 
6rft rank, eminently lueiate as acUffic 
and philologift, and of 00 lefs rehned 
tafle 4nd (kill in autxjuarian refcdrch* 

to have granted him a l<inger tenn of 
ye.<rs. he w6u'd no doubt have pro- 
duced fome work th^t .^ould have en« 
riched the ftores of learn ng, or pro* 
moted the ciufc of virtue and religion. 

In flature Mr. Henwelt was at)out 
the middle Cizt, fleiidt;r, and grntcel 
in perfon, of mild and genrle deport* 
ment aod manners, which, with the 
(ofi exprelfi ^n of his cyew 'dud counte- 
nance, contributed to render him uui* - 
veif'illv beloved. 

His tofs to his friends is irreparable, 
and by of ihcoi .& ht. more fm* 
cercly lamenred than by the writer of 
this imperfect dcc.>uiit. He knew Mr. 
Benwell (oon ^ticr hii entrance t the 
LTniverfit^, and always elleemed hit 
friendlhip and icquMutance as one of 
the happie(\ ciicut:)Uances of hn :ife. 
This tribute of affedion, the of re, he 
has wilhed to pay to the n.emory of 
him as a man of the mod pure and 
virtuous chara£ler, of rehned genius 
and tiifle, and of the ftriAeft difpofition 
aod manne>s. 

Mr, Urban, Jan, la. 

AS you hive given, in vol. LXIV, 
pp. 187. 275. a very faithful cha- 
racter ot Mr. Brooke, and the parti- 

culais of hik untimely fatej peroiit me 
He h^s ipdetd completed no work that to add, that a neat and plain mural 
nay carry h's name down to pofterity { monument by Afliton has been placed 

yet there are many fcattcred compofi- 
l^ions known to bis friends (Tome of 
vrhich, Mr Utban, adorn your pages), 
IQtrk>eii iVith evident traits of ecaius 
iiiiil abilty. His ftyle, both m his 
t#iUA and £d^1iA 60iPfo£iioni| wm 

■« ^' 

in Sc. fienet\ church, over the Heralds 
peW, with the following i of cription by 
iiis friend Edmund Lodge, cfq. Lan* 
c«lter.H:ral, and F. A. S. 

Afms: £rn4ne on a bend Sable a 
tuwk'f lttre» Qfi line and ring A. a 

• (itfcfAC 

\] Epitaph OH Mr. Brooke.— $/ri4?<<r#i wi Mr. Gibbon. 5 

Dt in chief for difference. Creft, 

**- hctfd Sables erafcd Gules. horned 

carded Or ; tbout the neck a col- 

SS. ArgcAC, a crefccot Cor diC* 

•* SACRElVto the Memory 


of ENOLAN >, 
ELLOW of the Society of ANTI- 
a, ant (romtiie refpe^able Family of 
X>I^K, of !^« JDvVOK • H in the 

County wf YO*lK, 
a pcTl^n -y un'ivaed enunence 
his Ati'icnt an.' tefiil profeiBon. 

Every Academic, whofe ftudy it U 
'^ ** rarucr dif^notocre rtdmm^ 
Arqur in^er (ilras Academi quaerere 
is much 'adcbted to the fpirited author 
df '* A V^oid or two in Vindication q£ 
the UniTeHity cf Oxford, and of Mag« 
dalen College in pjirticuUr, from the 
pufthumou< arperiion^ uf Mr. Gib* 
bon ;*' a pamphlet cvidcnily printed at 
a private preis, with the view of con* 
ceatiiig the name of one who it too^ 
modcH to pnH x it. Never were va^ 
nity and mificprercntation more point- 
edly eoLpoled than in this cooppl'te via* 
dicaion of a place, where an " incom- 
petent idler," at the age of iifteen« and 
we aie u. • :»«at valuable maa during a refidmce of not more than fis 

> a morai and p;ous iiiipufiiion 
u nioft f hearful anr* ively humour; 
vith a m»nj to comprehend, a judge- 
ment to telcft, 
ant< a me rory to reta:n, 
furt of ufelul aiui agreeable infor« 

m 'tioHj 
he was \)\e\\ with a ttmper, 
ttt una*fuming( anM ipoik: Ave; 
lat )ie li«ed in a (U <5l uit iiiacy 
iilj pcrJons of t' e h'ghc't rank, 
id '»f i;ie firA 1 terarv t h radler, 
)ut the f » adcll tiilflurs o vn.-tJty; 
JOVF A I., tlai he enjoyed," 
A a hapf». c iV.tut-.n f '^ody, 
onon- on'profper ' ty n woi Idly affairs } 
, in*»e. d of en\7ing : ic poifelliony 
fle^ >n thv awful uncc t linty 
of thefe fublunary Dleifmgs; 

Kor, A .\S! 
B in a moment h-reav^d of them, 

in the drea.'ful cabmity 
happene4t, at the The.itre in the 

Hav •market, 
ithe'hirdof Fe'^ruaiy, 1794^ 
be foi tjT'fixth year of his age.' 


U RB A H y 0»f§rd, Die. 3 f . 

RRY one. who reverences the 

months, dared to ** mrafure, by hit 
chi<difh Oandard, the abilities of tutors 
and prufetrurs." Be it remembered* 
that his II regular behaviour occafioned 
h-s exp<<l(ioni and that (uch was^ hit 
phih.l.tpliv, liut to thit cxpulfion it to 
be attiibutcd all the venom he haft 
poured out upon his Alma Msujer; 
and that fuch was hit vanity, that he 
C'^nfidered his puerile reieotmentt at.^ 
deCrrving to he ranked among hit lail 
thuuuhts. Sibt €or.ftmu [Sec p. 53.] 

As vou were thr iirft to explode the 
*^ too f^/hionabte principles of his toa 
fa fh: on able woik" in your volume for ' 
1776, pp. 366, 441 ; and as you have 
fince repeatedly admitted flri^ucts 
upon it; the ingenious witter of the 
f ilowini;: chara£leriflic linet has per* * 
mitted them to be tranfcribed for infer* 
tion in your valuable Mifcellany* . 
Many of your readers may not have 
fccn the ludicrous Bgure to which they . 
allude ; but it it faid, by tbofe who 
have feen 'he original, to be a very 
faithful copy from rhe life. 
Writtin undit tbt full-Uuglh SHADE 
«/ £dw4id Gihb n, £,9. ai ixbibiud 
im bis poftbumous IFifris pmblt/bid hf 
Loici Sheffield I 

Terum atque Detei.s, owes many 
i to the ^ble writer of the Ititer 
1 Sheffield, whkh has beec too 
f levicwvedin p. 851, col. 1. It "Thou puny Siatefman, thou Hiftorian 
have been obfcrved, that he has ^ . ^ hold, [moiild. 

Struck fiom kind Nature's moft fantaftic 
Q^eereft of ihades ! hail to thy wonihrous 
fight, affiright t 

Whicti fure the (hades betow did much 
By Sheffield's pious care w|^ noble clay 
Xhy carcafe rots, and thou review' ft the 
day. [avail 

trader, " refpecticg the m$tives ,Com'ft thou to (hew how much it doeft 
urged the^HiftOrian to attack To write like Tacitus, and read like BayUf. 
inity ;*' as it feenis difficult to To float in faitii 'twixt Mecca, Dort, and 
Ic fuch opioioii with fucb ch4* Rome ; [Hume^ 

' ' To live like Horacei aa-^ \o die V^e 

I the curious and exttaoidinaiv 
ler .'four modern Roman Hi!lo< 
arhich \' u copied into /our vo- 
W t790i p- 920; but that he 
>t prefume " to account hT the 
" cf the didiniiiiilh^'d wiitcr of 

6 Ontinuatlon of a Tour to tbi Nctherlamls in 1793. 

Ciom*ti thou to fee if Oxford** bl«ar-eyM 1cm in fl^t botts, and made thei 

4<«if ffom; niail^Tt of the fljiccs without I 

Take coanfcl from li^r more «n)Y^ten*d of a man. I-Iad tlie cmbirkatic 

AdoMrc the froir, who could oot i«ar the d(.I.iyed till the next diy. the ol 

^^'"y it u/ouKi prob«bly have been de 

And ber dead Socrates heboid in thee ; f^^^ ^^^^y prectuti an bad been tj 

€iv« thee for thy bold, cen fun* bolder ^cnJcr the iccef. from Haerlcm i 

A J r ^?'r ;. , .1 yi , •!• > ti^-h!c ; aod it ii fa.d that the ] 

iini from iNfe Intiamtntt thy J/^tt^ TMe t • j • ' _• .1 . ii.,:^« i,.„^J 

ZZ.. , , „ . ^i"^ t ,1- had Hetermircd to nation lomc 

wbate'er thine cirand, welconne from the _ , . u 1 .u 

gj^^j ' ^jj. veHcU on the KacHem incer tb 

Ceafe nnwlhy wandVingf; Arrr thy ftatiori ^*>'- . ^ ^^-^ hours afur the p 

Thy dailirg quartus fiom the wor.-ps pro- f«» prized, an ai med {loop t rom / 

tcft; ^ [p<^ft; 

Xft}«y Che utmoft Heaven thou diJlt e^c 
Vcetl on th* tiheieA) vapor of thy fame, 
- And be, what thou ha(t toiled to be* a 


€sini9tMitfM 0fa T^ur /^ M^ Nether* 

Mr. Urban, ^a/'. 4 

I TRAVELLED from Haerlcm to 
Atnflerdain in^a trcchfchuyte. The 
tfUlaace is ten miles. The canal exhi- 
bit the doll unifurmiiy of a Hrai^ht 
liney with f^w ornamcrts on its b.u.ks 
IP FclicTc th'-* eye. We changed b ats 
at Half' We^cj, fi ca led fr»;m iis being 
nid-w«y to AiTidcfil m. Ai ihii flacc 
tbe lakeof Ha<r!em, and th^. hrdoch (f 
tbe Zuider Z.e cabled (he Y» ^orni • 
jun6tion ; hut ihev are kipt .ifuader by 
iamenre fljod gaRt, ovci which there 
ii-a load'ihat fo:ms the only rcmmuoi- 
cation by land between Hieilem aqd 
Amilerdam. I furveyed, with adini* 
laiifti, t)>efe inoimou. fluicts, which, 
if opened, I have heard, would inun- 
^ate a- coniidc^'ibie part of the piovince 
cf Hoilatd. The objcAs wl icii I had 
V>'ik«»toi[e«B inHoliaisd pUaicd b\ tl.cir 
■ovclrv a '.tl t»eart»ry, as n»ij3;J't narui<>i1y 
Ic tJiOi-ht*^ in a nmc am! fiat country ; 
but '.i.c fccnc which n>w prcfei.tcJ iifclf 
t«' m vitw coivev'.i' ft* Hie ipind the 
em* i».ri «f liir.r. ieur, Krulting firm 
th*: appcMarce of a great expanre of 
wa cr. iiu* th' difpTay of woniJcrJiiI ex- 
fr'^ioc'^^ o: htttni.m indufuy and art. On 
the hit of ilic can^i appeared the Y. 
On li e uplil, the lake of Haerlcm ex- 
tci.t*'v a* far a* the eve rouhi read) ; 
»i:f' ►« i ont the city '>t Aiif^rrd^m rofc 
r t':.-. view, li vv'v j..;rt thai iht- Dutch 
\ y.w.i.ts ha'^) . 1 ai) fii <l one cf thtir 
iroug pfi-f .It 1^87, ro Kuard the ac- 
rc/ir ro Ar fhrtfaat 'n rhc fu.t c« Hatf- 
Jem; hut tic p'.ice t*;^^ r.kcn hv fur- 
^rize, en the nighc of the 30 h <if Scp- 

J^^'I^J^^,'*^'^'^^""^"^ o^ «^^ Piuffian 
^WT/ wHo Ii4d cioUsd the lake of Hacr* 

dam .-^ppeftrtd on the Icti of Ha 
gen, with an inrtp-'on. as it 
ported, of^ ti«{. fijod-j^ai 
.'avirp the cout.tiv uiidcr s/J^Kn 
file inilifirly Hruvk lur 0ag to ih 
fian b-ricrici. Pcihaps the r 
tahnt^ of the Duke of tiiunfwic 
never difpbycd wnb more ik ll i 
dicfs t'.an ».a tlic fift (;f 03ot>er, 
and in a future letter I purpofe 
a brief detail of t-c: vai.oustranl 
of that eventful d.iv. 

1 i»e lake of Haer-em U faid 
f^x'ccn tiiil'.s lonp, and in fom 
eik ht inies in hrci»d.h. pio; ofa 
f.equently been ina<'e tci liiain 
uncert^k'Dg which I havt alwi 
derP.ojd to be very pta£lic.ibU 
coDliCJ'^ring lU" vijiuc of (.»tb ai 
tion of laoii to a q^uvtiy like h 
it may aj'p ar fuii.'t:zr.g that 
tempt hat ucvcr y-t iKcii ro*de 
a cuiious h&f litat, in liie courH 
lad ctntuiy, a Idke in North H 
o\ the extent oi two leaguts, w 
veiled into Utra firma a'^d \ 
diftiift t.'llcd the Bemfi.r^ of wi 
William T:iTp'e, upwarf's of 3< 
^% • ?A^^ ^^'* fidlowing def'ci 
*' That pa't (if the countL) cal 
H^milt^r is now cl\r (iche(V ibU 
piov iicc, Iv irg upon a Q\.^ (Ut, 
W'th Ci«t> ;is, and the ways ^br 
ciitinguifhed with ranges pf 
wi^ich make (lie pleafantift 1 
laoJ!cape of anv countiy.) have 
th?.t r It." The fame writer a 
as follows for the defeat o* the 
of draining the lake of Hi 
** MjcI) dilcourfe iheie has beei 
fuci) an attempt ; but the city < 
dcB. having no other wa^ of lel 
their town, or renew:i'g the w 
their canals, but tiom this mei 
never conient to it. On the oth 
Aitxftct Aawv WA\ tvet c.^i^^c v\\« 
and cleaur'vn^ o^ \Vvt cXv\ cVajixD 
K\v\ne, >kV\\cV\ \V«^ tvj tsC\^ 

Ctniinualiin •/ m Tntr t§ tU Netherlands in 1753. y 

I sreat pirt of the tndc now en- 
l by Afnderdqro." 
nld me DOW| Mr. Urban* at Am- 
P9 once a poor 6(bii)^ viUagCt 
Be of the greattft and richeil ci* 

ir naolem .Sr.eas, ma^alia quoiidam( 
r |ioitaSy Arepitam^ue ec Arata 

t celebrated feat of cooimerce 

on the conflarnce of che Aoiftol 
e Y. The foiiner is «« little ri« 
ind the laucr, I have already ob- 
I is a branch of the Ziiider'Zee, 

forms here a nohle and capacious 
ir» c«pal>le. it is fa^d, of contain- 
3Te than tufo thi:ufand large vef. 
•• The furface of the Zui(!cr Ztt, 
Ir. B(jw<ilcr, in hi» Letters fiom 
lil, at high>\vicer, is ne riy on a 
with the pavtment in the hrft 

ot Amfleffiam, and ic is a little 

than I he lower ] aits ai ihc town 
te ntigiibourip^ country.*' This 
lious fiixnoiTicnun j and fcarccly 

are the r^ykcs, which the indudry 
H'>lli»rdcrs ha*i oppofed to tic 
chnicnts «>f tiie ocean. Amtt r- 
refeot^ the apptarauce of a cicf- 
aad co!Tjptehen<ts a circuit of 
four leagues. It is fiTviticd by a 

a fa/npar(, and twcntv^Hx haf- 
upon each of which, at the fali«*nt 

itands a windmill, ^his cicy >■> 
ipoo a morafs ; aod the houfcs 
laded upon piles olr wood, as at 
:. On this account it is that ihe 
"e i'cidomdiUurhed by the rattlin^^ 
eclfc in the firetts. . •♦ The car- 
" to ufe Mr. Pcckham's words, 
grnerally hxed on (ledges, drawn 
: horfe, (he diiver attending on 

and no other carriages are per- 
V without a licence fioni rhe m^- 
f. The population of Amller- 
I calculated at near thiee hun- 
YQti'and inhabitants. The canals 
>.r .r to thnr*: that I had hitherto 

Sonric o^ th^ Hieets are Ipacious 
autifuli particularly the Keyfcr's 
and the Hccre Graft. Many of 
Wic ec'ihcc^ arc inagni^ccnt, cipc* 
tlie Staar'tioufc, tliat MuOrious 
acot of the genius oi \ at\ Cani- 

^mVerdam is very lubject to 
bg* ; 't can neither boa(i oF pure 

^ot <1 watci. The brewer arc 
I to ^er their wafer conveyed 
he lives Vech, at the diO mce of 
ragues from the city. Their ca- 
«c-is btackiih; ami cbc inLabi- 

tantK are eager to catch as much raia* 
water as polfibte, for which they hafv« 
rcfervoi^^. In iiot waati\cr« the fteocli 
of the canals a« d couimon-fewcrs » 
txtrcirely of^cnfive. I landed there 
about t) e midJle of Septrmber, mmI^ 
notwitliHanding the weather w«s rainy^ 
the impreHi' n mtdc up-'n n^y olfadorr 
nerves, in mrnv parts of the towll, wat 
very unpleafart ; inderd, of ail tha 
place*; which I h re viiited upon the 
Continent, Ainfterdam is the iaft I 
Ihould lecommend to an fingliiliaaA 
who taller of his nerves. 

On the recomtncndation of a fellotlf- 
traveller, I went to an inn, knows bf 
the fign o^ the BtbU, wfricre 1 found m 
civil landlord, whofe name was An* 
thony Kaa, who fpoke tolerable En* 
gItO), and wliom. if he be in the land 
of (he living, I \^ould recomnncnd to 
any of your readers who may heieafier 
%irit AuiOcr'am. I had no acquaint- 
ance at Amltcrdam j but I hart a 'etter 
of rcfomtnendaiion fioin the Rcveren4 
Dodtjr Maclaine at the Hague, to the 
Rrvciend Mt. Sowden the nniniller of 
the Frgiifi) Kpifcopal church here, bf 
whom 1 was entertained, to l>oirofV 
Or, Johofon's words, •* with all the 
eltgance of lettered hofpitality.** 

To lum the wit of Greece ind Rome wai 

And ev'iy auihur's merit hut his own. 

This learned and worthy man, who 
is row, alav ! numbered with the filent 
dead, was wellvcihd in every branck 
of thcolooiical lerirning; and I hvve 
met with ftw clergymen of any churcll 
who po(ie0ed moie candour, or who 
had (uch clear and enlarged \\tw% of 
the chara£ler of a confifttnt ProteOant, 
I have lattly been informed, that Mr. 
Sov\dtn had been for feveral years the 
piincipai writer of the Appendia to the 
Monthly Review, a <le|.anment for 
which few men wrre bcii. r quahfiL.d x 
in my next 1 fliall commiinic«re fooic 
farther particuiais concerning AmOer- 

Clericus Leicestriensis. 

Mr. Urban, Jen. ii. 

AS i deic^ndant by the fen.a e lire 
cf the Zouch f.rinilf of Hairm)^* 
wur h, CO. Norrharn|>(on, ( {h'^uld be 
rru»h ob'-^id to any of yc^ur geoealo- 
gical leadeis to inform n^e whe>hfr 
■th^»e 3re ai»y dctct-nd ni» now rem;«in* 
iug of £dvvaxd| Juft Lsjid Z>j.h of 


t ZoucfcV*Harringworth?— 7r*^jP--Ptf//j?--»MalIct, J^r. [Jan. 

Harringworth. Elisabeth^ oae of hit 
daughrert and coheirs, mirried Wil- 
Ikinn Tate, of Deiapre, Nonhamptbn- 
Ihire (which eflatc is now in the pof- 
fc(fion of the Hon. Edward Bourene) | 
and the other dauf>hter, M.«ry, mar* 
ried .... Leitihton. The pedigree of 
Tate» in Btydges's Northampton (hire, 
reaches no farther than ^bout 1650 ; fo 
tkar it may be no improbable fuppofi- 
tion, rhat the defccndants of Elizabeth 
Zo^ch faiUd fo6n after that period. 
However this be, it fliould feem from 
the -beft accoun &^I hnve been able 
to meet with, that there are no re- 
maining reprc Tentative of the late Lord 
Zouch ; for, we are informed that the 
famiiy ifi»g exiinSf* the chapel, parti- 
cdiariy app opri-iied for the interment 
of its reprefeutatives, is now in ruins'. 

From the inscription on the menu- 
ment of Franeis Uvt-dale, of Horton, 
Dorfetfliire, tt appcais that he married 
the Haoghter of rhe Lord Zouch, 'and 
lefc ifliie three (ons; ahd in Hutchins's 
Hif^ory of Dorfet (he is H^ted to be 
Cftth»riie, fecond daughter of John 
Lord Zoudi of Hxrringworth. 

But It is remarkable, that neither 
Dugdale''8 Baronage, nor* the Zouch 
pedigree in Byvdgei's Northampton- 
shire, rifiiike ni^ntun of fuch mairiage; 
nor IS ao| daughter Catharine men- 
tioned either of John, or of rhe fuc* 
ceedmg Lofds Zouch of Harringworth. 
So th^i it may not be improper to en- 
quire whether fhc was daughter of 
John, or of Richird, or of George 
Lord Zouch \ and aifoy whether Any 
perfonal leprefen^atives of the (a\d 
John, &c. now remain, exclulive of 
the defcendants of Catharine? 

Yours, Ice. A. B. 

Mr. UrbaK, Jdn. 10. 

A CONSTANT rfader wilhes fi>r 
lome irilorm^tion refpcfling the 
^ociiiyt fpoken of in vol. LXVl. p. 
loixi particularly, 

I. Where is ihii. Society ? 

%, Who is to make the t ruffes? 

3. What fum i$ generally lub- 
fcribed ? 

4. At what rate will they be fold ? 

5. How .make,* and where fend, the 
fubfcription ? 

J wifl] to help forward the good de« 
fun ; nnd therefore much detirc fome 
account of the ufefal fcheme. 

A. B. at Mr. Ho'l iN, 
SuttQu CMfiiUt Warw'C ybn :• 

Mr . U R B A N, Jsn. 1 1. 

IN *• Hryl^h's Cofmo;rrs<phie.»» it it 
mentioned, p. 106. that S Mafa« 
chv* an frifh apoftle, prophelyed the 
dowQpyl of pr>pery ; that ihere was to 
be jufV j6 p. pei after Urban VIIL 
i6ij. Now I could wifh; as a matter 
o< curiofity, that any of your learned 
correfp('ndent», who have the oppor* 
tunity of knowing, would favour tne 
with the number that hare been fince 
the year 1623, in which, I belieirey 
Urban VU. died. I. A. 

Mr. Urban, 

Jam. 14. 

IN un excurfiont which I made laft 
autumn, to vifit the filace of my na* 
tivitv, I had an opportunity of afde'r* 
taining the parentage of the poet Mal- 
let. His father, whofc n ime was James 
Milloch, kept an alchoufe in Crieff, a 
handfome little village in the county 
of Perth," and about 56 mUes North 
from Edinburgh; Here Mallet was 
born. During the rebellion in^ 17159 
the village of Crieff was burnt by the 
Highland army, on account of the at- 
tjichment of its inhabitants to the royal 
caufe. The houfe of James Mai loch 
fliaiei the fame fate with the refi of the 
village. Sonne y^arft ago the defcend- 
ants of the fufFerers received fiom go- 
vernment a lain equivalent to a certain 
proportion of the iofs which h^d been 
fuHained. The proportion which fell 
to jAn)e« Maltoch's heirs was about 
24 1. itc'ling. This fum, I believe, 
was never claimed by acy of Ma'let^s 
children. CrlFENSIS, 

Mr. Urban. Jan. la. 

CHRISTMAS Eve, 1796, will l).e 
record t d hereafter, lis the fro(\ wad 
more lapid, and more rigotcus, it is 
luppoled, than that in 1739-40, or any 
degree of cold exi'>eriencc(l in England! 
The quickfilvcf in a thermometer in 
L<9ndon funk from 28 to 4 degrees a- 
bovc o in twelve hours, 3 degrees be* 
low the deprtfilon of the mercury in 
1794, and 2S degrees below the fretz- 
ing point. It niufl nccctlltiily have 
b en lower in the country. 

f wrll thank any of your philofophi^ 
cjI corrcfpoKdentb ta tntorm mc of the 
rcAfon why, ot leviiiii boitlcs of ioie-< 
water, lome were compettly frcx n, 
an J fome not ii ail, during the late ve- 
ry .cvere troll, thougit rh- y ail flood in 
. ■ -Uie ficutiion ; at leatt, in the (:ime 
cup )oard,aQ(i,toail appearance, equally 
i r ic6led from the co:d. J u v & n f ' . 








^ #. •# * t 

■: ■^* : 

ap^^^ -,*. ^ 

i^w jHHmi 


^)i,;?J,rL„, K,w,.-/J,/:„., 

/ :,■/.! „..;„■/, r„W,. (,',„,/-,l/„,.: 

tyQ7-3 WInchclfca mnd Cockcrmouth C^/^/.— Tyttcnhangcr. 9 

Mr. Ukbaii« Jsn. 4. 

caflte (flmif I.) ftands io the 
wfcti OM ■ peninfuia ammt two iniks 
Nmtb of the towDy and was built by 
Hcary VIII. in 1539* Its main 
ais cntin 1 aiavy of thcro are 
caM with fqwire Acne. The 
of k it' Bcarly fomc 
Mh above th« fine time. Ic 
MO ItrgC' tower, orliich fcrves for 

and, by tite death of the tail duke, ic 

dcfcended ro Sir Cha. Windham, bart. 

Ic ftands on the Weft fide of the 

Cocker, on a mount, feemin^ly anifi. 

cial, licir the Darwent. The dimen- 

iinoft u! the walls, which are Bcarly 

fquare, arc 6co yards, fliaked by feire- 

rai fquire towers. Thr entrance ir-on 

the £d(l (ide orer a bridge. Over the 

gate arc fire ibields of arm^ ; four of 

them faid to be thofe of the Mcultons, 

S firrootdtfd bf a numlxr of limfervilles, Lucts. and Percys. In 

of nearly the fame fig^ifc, the gate are f»ur habitable room^, where 

the coiut if held rwirc a year. Within 
the waiU are two couits. On eich fide 
of the f^ate are two duogeoni, each ca- 
pable of containing 30 perfons, vaulted 
at the top, ard having a fmall opcotng 
in order to admit the prif^ners, who de* 
(ccndcd hv a ladder. Within the fecond 
eourt is the kitchen and cli<pe|. Ic was 
garrifoned. during the civil -war, fnr 
the king, 164S, during which it was 
bcfiegcd, taken, and burnt, aod nevec 
fiDce repaired. ^ P. 

by &oit ciniaios. Thefc 
MMIagft clearly evidence the very iow 
tpid ivparfrfi ftate of military architec- 
Vne ia thii kiogdom at that period ; 
9s09 of all others, round towers were 
the kaft capable of a.S)ual defence. 
Round aboot ifac Uigc tower, or keep, 
ihtra wat a verv low hatterv, or pl.'cc 
«hh cbipk^ for firing out of, fo low as 
BOIP to be below the fur face of the 
ipooad* On the moulding round the 
kaap are fooitf devices, panicularly the 
aon and lofe, at the firfl cwpd^ml on 
anwtiqg (he gate (the view here given). 
In 1541, Widchelfea caftle, toother 
irilh all othtr \aftle«, block'houfes, 
•ttd bulwarks, in Kent and Suffex, 
Wew fubje^Ud to the care ot Sii Tho- 
naa Chcnev, governor of Driver cattle. 
The trade of Winchelfea failing, this 
Caftle went to ruins. 

CocKsa MOUTH caAlc W.1S the ba- 
ronial caftle of the honour of Cocker- 
month, built, it is fuppofed, loon after 
tbeCooqueft, by Willi am dc Meichine^, 
who had it by (he gift of his brother, 
Ranulph, Earl of Cumbetlaod, to 
whom the con«|ueror gave all that p^rt 
of Cumberland called Cofulamd. F r 
want of heirs, it came to Gilbert Pif- 
fard, from whom, for the like caufe, it 
cime to R. de Lucy ; whofe daughter, 
-marrying Thomas de Mori ton, had if* 
fiie a fon» Anrhnny, to whom ihi^ ho- 
nour! uriib the manor of Poppe caftle, 
were granted by Edward III. Anthony 

Mr. Urban, May 20, r788. 

IN the \KJ€ 1547, Sir Thomas Pope, 
founder of Trinity coUeve, Oxford, 
boui^ht of King Henrv* tbe Eighth the 
anricnc ftatdy.manfion-houfe of Tyt- 
tenhanger, in rhe parifli of Ridge, in 
lienforctfhire, being the country- (cat 
ot theai)b*isof Sr. Alhan's ; and which, 
bur for ritis purchafe, would have been 
<leftroved as an apper.ciak^eto the abbey. 
This houfe wm (o Urge, that, in 1518, 
King Htnry the Eighth, with his quten 
Ca'haiine, and their rerinue, removed 
hither during the coninuance of the 
fwi*:lling fickne's in London. 

In this houfe Sir Thomas Pope m^^t 
great improvements. Ir bccarrit: his fa* 
vourite place of rcfidence, and the Ha- 
tutes of his college arc dated thcnc:. 
He ereAed over the veKibule of 'he 
great hall a noble gallery for wind- 
niuGck. The chaprj was a fpacious 

edifice, and beautifully decorated. The 
de Morlton dying without ilTue, it de* windows were enriched with painted 
volved to his After Maud, who married glafs, which Sir Thomas Pope brought 

• of Kprthumberland^ hither from the choir of br. Alban't 

H. Percy, Earl 

ftbi fettled it upon her huibaod and 

htin-maie of hi% b.)dy lawfully begot- 

-ten, upon the eoadttioiMi . that tiiey 

4^ld bear 00 all ihiclds, banners, en • 

ftc the arms of De Lucy, Gulet, 

abbrv, when that churcb, by his inter- 

pcfitioo with the king, was prefervrd 

from totaV deftru£) on. The wainfcoe 

behind or over the OalU was Anclv 

painted with a feries of the figures of 

s.pUics Arg. quarUfed with their all the-^(aitu« who bore ihe name of 

_j In this family, it coetioved till ]ohn, in memory of John Moot, one 

.Jocelntti whofconlv daughter married of the. abbots. But Sir Thomas Pope 

rVirtct ScvnMMir, Duke of Somerfct ; put up » m«o piece uf waiafcot, oF 

G»r. Mao. jMM^ry, 1797- Sptniik 

10 Cba^t fVdinfcH mt Luton.— Gothic AnhltiSum ( Jaih 

SpMiiA oak, on • very Urgt fcale^ at 
tka Eaft end, Doft cjKiuifiicIy Asulpiu* 
nulp bcgiDoing at (he tDd of die RalUy 
and condaucd towards the altar. This 
wat CO adafB diac part of ihe diapel 
iBvhich was ufually called the Fieiby- 
tery, or the fpace about aod near the 

After Sir Thomas Pope's death, m 
*559» Tytceohangerrhoufe continttcd 
to be tohabttcd by the Telacions of hia 
fecond wife, bearing the name of POpe« 
Blount. In the y^ar i6to it began to 
be letTcned, or pulled clown in pArt ; 
about which time the family of Napier, 
then tMiants to Trinity college (Ok- 
ford)| at LuioOf by the mediation of 
the collrge, removed the wsinfcot (a- 
buveircntioned)^ put up bv Sir Thomas 
Vope in the chipel of T\ ttenhanger- 
huufe, in entire prcfervaiion, to the 
chapel nf the mannon-houfe at Luton. 
John* £arl of Bute. alx>nt the year 
1768, puiled down thi^ old niaefion- 
houte at Luton, to- build a new houfe 
in its plaee 1 but, with grtat tafte and 
judeemenc, retained the old chapel, with 
Si I- Thomas Pope's wainUot, where it 
fiiU remains. (Bibl.T0p.Bru.Vin.69.) 

No traces of the old houlio at Tyiteo* 
hanger now remain. It waft totally 
demoliflied aliout the year 165*^ and 
was ioon afterwards moft elegantly re* 
built as it appears at prcfeut. 

T. Wartom.. 

Mr. UitBAN, J4m* 9, 

AV£RY neat mural monument, in 
honour uf tite late Rev. Mr. Har- 
lifon, and executed by Mr. Weft ma- 
co'.r, of Mounr-llrect; has been lately 
erected ift Bfomrion chapel, near 
Knighdoridge, with this inlcripiion 1 


to the memory of the 


minifter of this chapel 

fmaB its opening in 1769, 

fe£brof St. John's, Clerkenweil, 

and evening preacher at die 

Magdalsa Hoi'pitaY. 

Uo depane«] this life 

231I Dec. 1793, 

aged r7 years. 






Frvai Wrbn's Parenialia, ^. 307. 

THI^ iraUans, amongfl. which are 
i'eiiie Greek refugees, aaU wilh 

thean French, Germaot , a^d Fleminctr 
joined with a frateroiiy of architeSs^ 
procuring Pi^/ M/i for their encon- 
ragcmenc, and particular privileges! 
they fly led themfelvcs Frec-mafonsy and? 
ranged from one nation to another ai 
they found churches to be built. . Theit 
rovernment was regular; and, whtre 
they filed near the iniilding in hand^ 
they made a camp of hiiu* A furveyor 
governed in chief; f very tenth man 
was called- a warden, and overloolicii- 
each nine. The gentlemen of the 
neighbourhood, either out of charity^ 
or commutation oP ptnance^ f^ave iha 
materials and carriages. Thu<e who 
haive feen rhc exaft accounts in re cord » 
of the charge of the ^biicks of (ome 
of our cathedrals, near 400 years o^df 
cannot but have a great etteem for their 
OBConomv, and admiie how foon ihey 
ere£led fuch lofty (IruC^ures. Fodeed, 
great height they thought magnificence. 
Few flones were u(ed but what a maa 
might carry up a ladder on his bacji; 
from fcaffoW to rcafh)ld, though they 
had pulleys and fpiked wheels upon oc* 
cafion ; bat, having itjc^led corxMces^ 
they had no need of great epgioes* 
Stone was eafily piled upun Hone to- 
great heiehis ; therefore, the pride of 
their worfts wai in pinacles and lleeplcs. 
In this they cIIrntiaHy difi'ered fronr 
the Roman way, who laid all their 
mouldings horizontal, which made tho- 
bclV perlpe6\ivtt. Tuc Gothic way, on 
the contrary,, carried all their mould- 
ings perpendicular. 

Thus :hey made their pillars of u 
bundle of litdc torufr^> whicii they di- 
vided into more when chev came to tliC 
roof; and thcfe torufes f|>lit into many 
fmaller ones, ano, trartrtlng '>ne ano- 
ther, gave oecafion rothc traceiy-work 
of which this fuciety were the inventors.. 

T9 1^# Be If c H b R a 9/ tbe Honourable 
Society cf Lincoln'* lou. 


BEING dcfirous of tranfcribing the 
epitaphs upon the tombrtones in 
(he cloifttrs under the chapel, I vifitcdl 
them fome time ago with that de- 
fign ; but, finding them in a very iUe* 
gible Hate, and that yoti had ordered* 
them to be all iocloUd, I therefore de- 
clined carrying my defign into execu- 
tion, froM a perfuaiinn that your mo- 
tire was, inafmuch as your predeccdurs 
had been pleafcd to pay particular re- 
fpe£i to fevtral of theiV membtrs, by 
cnnferring funereal .honours on tlicm, 


1797*1 Tmt/f§9tis in Lincoln'* Inn M!fir^/j^.— Will Sicoorn, ti 

70a h«l CMiedved it yoar duty to re* 
|Miir the gr«vc*ft(Micf ; andj in order to 
pnftrvc I hem from the taure raraget 
of dole, they were xo be all incloC^d. 
lenprefled irich tbie idee^ 1 returned 
tlifc otfccr 6t,y with a view to infpeft 
che«i^ aod, as I ten in hopest io their 
improved jiatr ; bur in that I wa» dif* 
appoiniicd. I take leave to Uy the re* 
fttic lif lay InlpeOion before you. 

1' feoDd the Ittten 00 three of the 
mreoQones almoll obliterated by being 
ftled up with dirti but princi pally with 
)HOfCsr» whereby they were btxome 
{until jt caufed them to be tfaojrougiiiy 
•fcowcrcd) very n«.ar ^% plain a« if iie 
InfcrtptioAS hid hern on them; and, 
which fccms to me very eetraordinary 
iodted, the tombft6oes were fo impro- 
perly plaeed, that the epitaphs uiBon 
them are on the outfide of liie railiof^, 
and the other put within. By ihie 
meaos your chief intention, asH fliould 
liippofcf of putting up the raiiing ii 
thercbv totally defeated, tn that the 
place alluded to it now the*only part of 
the cloillers over which paflengeri can 
walk ; and the tombftones in queftion 
-are, iherefoie, much more Mahlc to be 
ilefaced <by ambulation than they were 
^fbre the railing was ereded 1 and, as 
fir at I coutd judge from tlte diHancc, 
all ti\e other grave-flones within the 
tailing are, in general, fu very irregu- 
larly and fo promifcuouily placed, that 
they put mc more in mind of the origi- 
nal chtfos of confufion than the order to 
:bc expedled in the awful receptacle of 
the Head ; for. Tome (>f them :ire turned 
topfv-turvy, otheis are laid long-ways, 
and many Juft the contrary by^he (ide 
of them. This make& fuch confufion, 
that the tombdi'ccs are thereby becoM^e 
atnioft as ufdef^, as if they hnd been 
abfolutely taken away. However, as 
4'jng at the infcnpiions are I'utt'cred to 
nutain in their prcfcuc injured and im- 
pcife^ flate, tiie polition uf them it 
Very immateihl. Nay, the epitaphs 
themfc'ves are very objedlionable ; tor, 
in (ome of them there aie numerals, 
whereas they fhuuli) befommon figureii \ 
but by Ur the greater number are liable 
to (he contrary o^ijedion ; and Laiia 
.acd Engliih muyibm:timei be found in 
■one and the £a,mc iofciuptioo; a&, fur 
iottaoce^ tdifi, with the dace in £ng- 
lifli. This oceafiont at ineongruouv a 
jundion as the name of a peer of the 
realm and that of w^fikipopuli did once 
on the write ilFuefl from one of the 

^^f-^TV Gowta of jttibcc* MapjAther 

other fuch abfurditict aad hluildera 
might be poiattd out j. hut cheanov* 
nay (uflice for the pnrpofe adduced. 

In order 10 remedy tae d>ove. I wiih 
you, fTcntlemen, to t>pder aU the toinbi> 
flonei to be examined, and the lettcia, 
on fuch at re<]uire it, to be re-cot, o- 
mitting the Icveral in^proprieties ^Jbow 
alluded to, for which the Jiewcn 6i 
tombftones have rendered themfelvet fo 
vtry remarkable. 1 think the mire 
cleaning them from their prefent 6hh 
will not be (^uitc fuAcieot. Let ttiem 
all be placed with their feet, or Idwci* 
pan, as near as may be to 'the inlidc of 
the railing, and all round it, if tite 
number of infcribed flonet admic it{ 
becaufr, thus dcpoiired, thev mav ha 
read by the palfenKcrs on the outfide. 
This difpofition wiU, of courfe, make 
room, in the middle pait of the cloi* 
fieri for additional giavc-flonct. In 
cafe thcfe ihould happen to be at too 
great a diflance tP be read fiom the 
outfide -of the railings notice may be 
vffraed, that, on application to the trea- 
furer, or other per fun, as may be 
judged proper, permiHion may be had 
10 be admitied into the inlide of the 
railing, for the purpofe of tranicribing 
or reading. 

Ohs. WHO asvERKt TKa Dead. 



WILLSITCORN was at found a tar 
As ever trod a deck } 
Sut, now he 's lufl hit precious fight. 
Will Sitcokm is-^aivrrei. 

A burning fever feixed him^ 

And <»ne eye fell— a prey^ 
So gtiev*d bhe other at the loft— > 

4c mdtfd quite away. 

Will was as fmart a fi&aman as ever 
livid. He it now often iceo in Uol- 
bjurn, or by the Ouke of Devonfhirc't 
wall in Piccadilly. He wat (eized with 
a fever at Sr. Helenn, by which he loft 
one eye 1 .and in a week the other was 
darkened. The many good tuint X had 
en Ikkncfs received from him anu hi« 
brother- fa ilort demand my acknow- 
ledgemenis \ and I Ihoulfi rejoice if this 
may be a meant of i'erving him. He 
hat a good countenance, long w))ite 
hair, blue jacket, and oapkeen trow- 
fert, and generally hat hit face turticd 
towaids Heaven. He tells mv, the Mar- 
quis of Townfcnd often fpcaks very 
kindly to hiai| and at often rdievcc 

1 it Okftrvaliwi §h tbt Ccniun of Mr. Frond ol Catubridge. f Jao« 

Mr. UftBANy ' Dec.%. of the academical inftitutioof from 

WP. conclaves his letter reta(in|[[ thii comp-trifon he may tearo the ex- 

* to the chRDge of drefs in the fent of Mr. Frend*t dtlinquency : let 

cler;;T»LXVI, p. 1005. with the follow- him Again compare this with the fen- 

Sngqueftions—*' Who has not heard of tence paifed upon him, and he will be 

the Cambridge profecution and mock- enabled to determine, whether the 

trial of W. Frend } — Who h»s not Univerfity was influenced in its pro- 

heard of the 17 confederates?— Who has 
not heard of ICtlvington and Lloyd ?" 

If thefe que (lions do not meet with a 
proper com men tf mm fome oiher quar- 
ter, I am an^xious to furnifli one my« 
ielf; left fome of your readers, not 
well informed on the fubjeA, (hould 
be ted to imagine that Mr. Frend has 
lately experienced, from an academical 
court at Cambiidge, a trearment not 
lefs fcinda'oiiflf unjuil and info'emly 
oppreHiTe, than what might have been 
cirpe£ted from an inquifitdrinl council 
under the aofpices of p:ipal tyranny. 

What I have to fay, immediately re- 
lating to this point, may be compre- 
hended in a few \\i«<ds. 

If theUniverlny of Cambridge h^ve 
no ether tiew in its et^abl (hment than 
tlic general advancement of learnmg 
and fcience, Mr. Frend is not only 
permitted, but even invited by the na- 
ture of the inAitution, to publifli any 
political ot religious opinions, however 
novfl, irregular, orexriavngan*, which 
have no tendency ro excite ledition, or 
recommend immorality. But, if this 
Urriver(iTV is to be confidfied not only 
as the khool and patronefs of fcience, 
bui a<(<) of religion, and not only of 
telii^ion in general, but m a moie efpe- 
cial manner of religion ai^ c{l.«bli(h«d 
by the laws, and defended b) the cinl 
atithoritT, of this country; let any one 
read the cflfL-nfive pamphlei, which was 
the Dccafion of his trial, and fay, wlie- 
iher the Univiirny could fail lu punifli 
i(5 author with every mark of accidemi- 
Cril CL'iifiire pnd difgrace, without ^t 
ti.e fame time ten uncini; the m-ifl im- 
poitiint purpofes of iis in{liruiiur, 
. without encouraging ii< members in 
licentious fpeculaiions and difoideily 
opinions, and without provokir.-g its 
youth to iftfult that church, which ic 
IS bound to prote6V and vindicate. 

Lt-'t the reader of the abovemen- 
liancd let«er be cautious how he con- 
demns the univeificy and is cfHcers 
from the pirincipie ot adopting,the po. 

ceedings by a fpirit of party or perfonal 
animoiity, of wanton oppreffion, or 
unneceflary rigour ; or, on the other 
hand, by a difpoAtion of mildncfs, 
which nothing but the necefHty of 
maintaining the fundamental ptinciplet 
of it& inftitution, and prefcrving the 
mofleflfcntial part of its difcipltne, could 
have induced to puoifli m any degree 

M. Frend fpeaks of tbofe, who ap- 
pealed B^ profecutors in the trial, as of 
a notorious b^nd of confpiratois t in 
particular he pomts the Bnger at Lloyd 
and Kilvington. 

1 believe ir to be no other than a juft 
compliment 10 the reputation of Mr. 
Fiend, to ohfeive, that the two pet^ 
(ons abdvementioned are undiftinguiih- 
ed in the Univerfity of Cambridge and 
its vicinity (as faras I am informed) by 
any thing elCe betides this gentleman's 
reCentment. At thefametime my per* 
fonal knowledge of the fubje£l enabht 
me to fay, that, whatever may have 
been the want of moderation, in his 
prufeeutois, of fideli:y and accuracy in 
their evidence, of cindor, liberal ty, 
and piopriety, m their perfonal beha* 
viour, of all which I am entirely igno« 
rant, ytt in nothing was Mr. F:end'a 
trial mure AgnalW difgraced than by 
the fhameful tvaOons and prc^'^anca* 
tions of Mr. Freiid himfelf, lelating 
to the auiheniicity of the pamphlet, 
and the circumn^nccs of its pubiica- 
tion, by hit indecent petulame culcu- 
laied to captivitr: the appiaufe of 
thoughdels and uniuly undergradu* 
ates ; and, above alij by his vexa- 
tious impprtunicy in objc£ling 10 the 
foims of the cou't, wiih no other i^kw 
than to perplex its officeis and drlay 
its proceedings, without a r:itional 
hope of any advantige whatever to be 
(leiivcd from, it to hirorelf, his caufe^ 
or his ch4ia6^er. 

Mr. F. mult e^rtainly make ufe of 
the i^rm mock tnal, not fo much wiiti 
a rcfeience to any negie6l or contempt 
of equitable and impartijl equity, on 

p'uUr fide of the queftion, wicliout un* 

' deri^^n(t*ng the inctit« of the cafe'. Let the part of the couit, as of the im|fu* 

him. read ih'e pim}7hlet in queftiott| let nity. with whiih Mr. F. was pcrmit- 

^ hlh) eim|»4re tt ^rth the nature of our ted from 6itj to day 10 defy its refenti 

' 'chVidh-tfli«15i1ik£ncot. lad the nature ncnt. add infultitiaatbarity, 
-* - I a* 


17^7^] Mr. Fftud^i OniHiltd Cambridge— 7^ Exeter Bfpitp. 13 

I aIl the noil ictlout of hit friends, let ut ezifnine, whether bt doet not 

to wbon a criminal levity of charaQer difcover in his own temper more of th« 

asd feaiioicpta canotk be obje£led» fpirit of perfecutioo, than what appears 

hit behaviour was not airnge- to have beioaj^ed even to thefe perfc* 

thcr unwonhy of himielf and uowor* cutors themfeivet. 
thj of the aiTelnblf, totally the rcverfe Avti-Th£R6IT£S, 

of what might be czpedcd from a ■ 

icfaolar and philolbpher« who nands Mr, Urban, 7«ir. fo» 

lorward to plead bis caufe before liit T HAD Tcrircely finifiied the peruliit 

cqaala \ The 3^^>ci'^^ eteot indeed of X of ** A Colle^iun of Effays by a 

this trial muft be fuppofed to affeft Society of GentUmm at Exeter," when 

Mr, Frand't peace of miad far lef's 1 took up your Review, p. 1016 of 

than the loft of credit, which bli cha- yourlaft volume, and was not fuiprized 

nder muft foftiio from the<leer9 in to fee the copious evtra6U which yaii 

which hit fpecches on the occafii^n de« have given from» what 1 conceive to 

ccived pub ic ezpeAutioni and con- be, the mod important paper in the 

tradi£|rd general opinion. work; viz. ** R flexions on ihe Com« 

I myfelf, at well at many others, *' pofirioo and De-compo(ition of tha 
with whom I communicated my fen- " Atmofpher^*, as influencing Meteo* 
timcnts, hoped to have \viti)tfl*ed the *' rological Phznomena." This paper 
exertion of a manly eloquence, fpiritcd is certainly a very important oee 1 and 
and impjflionedi but ar the fame time the author has touched with much in- 
plain, peifpicuous, corre6l, and eon- genuity upon the influence whic^ the 
duiive. This hope was infivered by compofiiion and de-compo(ition of the 
confufcd and incoherenr declamation, atmofphete mud have in the produc- 
forced allufions, grofs farcafm*, im- tion of the winds. Whenever the irai# 
pcnincnt- laiilcry, illiberal feoffs, and Tifr/ory of the compofitioa and de-cora* 
defpicable cavilt. Unfortunately, Mr. pofuion of the atmofphere it received 
F. cannot favc his credit by accributing by the philofuphical world, that of the 
thefe abortive tffi>ris to that modefty wiods mud undergo a thorough revo- 
whicb it tKe natural companion of ge- lutioo *, and this writer's ideas on the 
nius, aad a diflidence peife6tly con- i'ubje£l will be found to be incontro* 
fifteot with ability \ he feels hit dif- vertible. You have, theiefore, Mr. 
grace aggravated by the conCcientiouf- Uiban, (hewn much judgement by pay* 
neft of owing it to vanity which pro- ing particular attention to the paper; 
miicd lEore than it could perform, and but, I confcfs, I was not a litrie fur- 
arrogance which claimed more than it piized to find chat on I'uch a fubje^lyou 
defcrved. ihould forget one of your mod in- 

Wben thefe things are thus under- duftrioui correfpondenta ; and ib^itthe 

flood ai they ou^ht to be; whatever authorof the paper, who has yet caught 

maybe Mr. Frcnd's merit as a man but a very famt glimpfeof thcdo£t'ine 

of learning and fcience, Mhittver be ot the compodtion and de-compolitioa 

the iincerity of his faith at a divine, of the atmofphere, lUould exprefs him- 

wbatever be the benevolence of his in- fclf in this manner : '* Thus far went 

icniiont at an innovator, and what- Mr, dc Luc, a laborious and ingenious 

ever be hit private worth in the ccm- philoiopher, hinting, indeed, at more, 

mon intrrcourfe of life, may we not often without expUimng what hit ad- 

fufpe6t, (hat the malignity of difup- ditional views were, and this is the 

poiotmcnt, and the rancour k>\ an ene- lateil author who hat artived at oovel- 

mv defeated, though not fubdued, flilt ty; for, Dr.Uutton has only attempted 

find a place in hit hearty and flill to elucidate and enlarge the theory 
breathe from hit lips? " originally derived from Hslley." I 

Tbepafliont of men fcmetimes he- mult repeat it, Air. Urban, I wat ra- 

tray them(elves under circumHancet ther (ui prized at all this, becaufe there 

the moA unfavorable to'their (;rat;tica- are .many .parts of your Milcellaay, 

•i^D. Fiom the manner in which Mr. which it'in the hands of all the world, 

F. fuflftrs, let ut conceive, how he> that tnight have told him there is ano- 

fvould.a£l> from the difpoHtion with ther writer, who hjs, during the laft 

which he fecoves punilhment let. uv tweirty years, made this fubje6^ bit 

coaiider bow he would infli£( if, and dudy, and publilhed feveral votamet 

Irom hit iatempsraie ioveAives' again ft on the Compolition and Pe-comped- 

ibolc whotf ki \%i^% bit parfepuiorsi tion {ii • the Atmof(>hcre v % doiX\\\i^ 

4 r^ Dr^ Harringtoo^s Tt0§ry mfmirnvfriihi^ tf/UH^fhed. f Jan. 

^vhicb ought JSfver to be mMitiooH frt^ m it ought more properly to be 
wirhf^ut fonie notice being taken of called. But almoft every pretender Xp 
v'Mir ingenious correfpondent Dr. Har* chemiflryt Mr. Urban, is fliil ready to 
d-ifkgtoB, ' deny, what Dr. Hariingion bath com'« 

llis works ore now volunnnflUf ; and plcatijr dcmonftrated, that fixed air, tjr' 
vr IS not in my power at prefent to re- the aerial mephitic acid» is another 9f 
fer regularly and propeily to them t the ingredients of ntmorphejical air* 
Y)U* 1 will take the liberty to dired the and that this acid is ncutraliztd by tUe 

'«trentinn of the author of the above* fire. 

ireniioned paper to the iirft volume Sut.perbapswhcnDr. Prieflleyihall 

of Ute ** Medical Spe£\aror/* in which «{;ain venture to publifli experimcntt on 

lie will find a Series of fiiTiys cont^iv- *the formation of air from water, and 
ing *'a General View of the DiOribu- ihall tell ut, what I here take upoM 

ton of Heat through the different metoprcdiA, " that he wjii not then 

Ob}e£le of Nature, comprehending an aware of the imporcant^art which this 
Enquiry into che Principles of the Har- agent, -fixed air, had in the compc/fi- 

erinj^toBian Tbcoiy of the Aimorphere.** tion of t^e atmofphere ; that, by repeat* 

They enter i<irgely into the doilrineof ing his experiments with more atteniirn 

the fornia:icin, deAru£tion, and rcno- to thit impoitant agent, he ara«u dif^ 

vitiion, of I her atmofphere I and in erery 4f9Vifi that water can no longer be 

pagl the a^ithor gives due praife to converted into true, permanent, cla(^ 

JDr. HarrtnKton. to whom he candidly tic, atmofpherical air, than whilft it 

coiJelTes himfelf indebted for that the- cont<iins fome portion of the ae iat 

ory which he is ansious 20 tlluftrate acid." Perhaps, Mr. Urb^n, I ha^a 

and recommend to the notice of our thus anticipated an entire fenteacc from 

fitodcrn phiiofophers. th^t publication, wliich, under tha 

Or* Harrington's firfl publication aufpicet of the French Convention, waa 

appeared fo caily as the year 1780 ; to have announced this important dif" 

orcviuus to which,it bad nrvtr, I be* cm^try^ the formation of atmofpherical 

lievc, entered into the mind of any air, and, conftquently, of the whote 

other pbitofopher, that water is a con. atmofphere, from fixed air, fire, and 

^ituent part of the atmofphere. Wa- water. 

ler wa« by tliem believed to be merely But, pardon me, Mr. Urban : I will 

diffolved by and fufpendad in the air^ trclpafs no Ion4;cr on your time \ this 

und tbe latter was univerfally fufkpofed W'ili be fufficient to (hew the worthy 

to be an element: but the author of Do£kor, that on this fubj-^ he is nar'- 

the Medical Spe^lator dearly (hews, rowiy watched, and that it will be im- 

chat Dr. Harrington alone k entitled polfible for him ever to promulgate iha 

to the honour of the important dif* grand jiifcovtry either in France, or 

coveiy; not only that atmofpherical Ameiica, without doing honour to 

air is a compound body fubjedted to that inlulted pbitofopher, who haa 

the laws of cicdive attra£lion, but that long fince completely invefligatrd t)«c 

w<<rer is one of its conftiiuent ingrcdi- fubjc6t. 

«nts. This doArine, great and im- But let us return to the rife and fall 

Dpnant as it is, wii« no fooner publiih* of t-he mercury in the barometer, as in* 

ed than it was vilified and rcjej£ted : ^uenced by die £oni()ulhion and de« 

fend now that Its principles be{;iu 40 be compofuion of the atmofphere. On 

almott generally admitted, now indeed, this (ubje6t the following paifage, copied 

\ ouiy tay, that they can be no longer ^narbaum from the firtt volume ol the 

<li<putcd, no Wrifer but the author of Medical Spe£ta:or, p. 159, will meiic 

the Medical Spe&tator has the courage the aitmtion of the wriicr-of the efl'^y 

or the candour to vio(iic<iu hifc hooell <which has been fo^uflly and^orefpeit- 

ciaini TO a difcovcry, which, ere long, ably mentioned by you. 
will !>«. regard4.d as an honour to the '* As we never find the atmofphere with* 

age and the countiy in which he was ©^'t f««c poitiou of fixed air, U» is latter 

•^xti. '^^' Harniigtun hath pn)ved to he an etleii* 

It will not now he denied, i believe, ^»^ P*»^ "^ ^ compofition, and noc merely 

by any philufopher, that water is one an a»lvemitioas mii^iurc. Bnt it is norjpn. 

J the confiiiuent ingredients of air i 'J^ffJ f .P'A'^ J? ^'^^:^'' * ^^i^i^ 

, , ^. 1 .t ** . ' 01 this lubjedt. It Will be erouied that 

«or do 1 think there are many who ^^^^ comf>.ned wiU. lieat, 

tnii »ow refufe iheir aflfcnt to another ^j^ ^^ ^^ ^^^^^ ^^ W« fee Ihii 

ol iv ingred.enis, TU bt^t, of racbcx ^^^17 day taka place ia Un »pea air ou 

1 79^-3 Om frimipid Cattfe ifStmfy Chimmys ; wUb* a^ Rmsdf. r $ 

flfHf f«it qC diie temqioeaiit glebe. In 4 foundaCioa of fome late judicious mdde» 

four A^F^immoife qjuamUiflt of water are of trettiog the d<fc6l» of chimneys. 

r^ijGed bf lieat, in confeqnence of which the Bur, Botwiihftandio SL aH that has been 

«nolJib«F«>»f«-f»s often greatly encre.ifcdi written upon the fubjea. and thoueb 

irtSch'ii ilcmortftntfftl by the gradual nfe , ^hi„,oey may be properly conllruacd. 

i(<^'°^„T"^,^y"^5\.-^J?!:i!r yet fo much dcpc.dr upon fer^ani, 

Im^p and feit» H ufWards. BUt. » «<> <av fonne mog uo ih.t head. 
fan aa n decompofkion besins to take A b^d chimney is always the warft 

pliN^ IIM flMloTpher* at graduHlly leiTms ^^hen it is firrt lighted, and a good 

faMfiicntiiy, and the mstvnry MH bi pro- chimney n oficn, bv the improper me- 

CkUB aheroately (Iwwing every thod of m4king fires, made 10 appear a 

that lakes place with as much dfli* bad one until it is AifiicieDtly heated^ 

I jod truth as the niccft KiUiice. For, \ft the infinity as it is very obrious to- 

t^M^.^^doaoi always experience nin thofe who by nfuig early hare an opw 

or Mr eveather. according to tlie exprefs in- portunitv of fceinrg fervants light their 

dkatioas of tl.e. ^roroeier, yet there can fi^esj for, though their parlours m»y 

be no doubr hot ih* its nfing or f.Il.iig m ^e in trim order to receive the Isdr of 

erery inftance depend* opon changes ha- ^^^ ^^^^^ „d her family at breakfaft. 

iSf Sf^ 'iriij.^ *w^hru ih^t i « •• ■"''•" •^«'"*"* '^"^ ^" ^"-^ 

(M&enble dec"ISp<^ition m^ taking ^1, V^^/ ?!^t u^'^'^l!'^ fmoke. the 

pbu«, the mtttwy may fink, and the ap- «ff«^^« ^^ '^^^'^. *>*'« becir remored ft/ 

ft^m^ce of the Iky may be foch as to pro- opeoing the windows and doors^ andP 

tsafi% hut by tlefrre-ss tl4* fun again frequent duQing ahd wiping the furai. 

eiw-powors or ne&itralifes ihe mnifture, ture, which often, where chimneys are 
difippoioted, notwithftanding in ihemfcNes really good, endure this 

te the Aalv M tho atmofphere has been daily great injury. 

aecnrattely pointed out by the barometer. The common method of mffcrng s 

/<ir<»riatcanyobjeaiontothisij0a,that c:>al-ftre is, to rake wirh a poker the 

lain will fall when the mercury is rifing. juft ^^^ lighter afhes tlut have beeo 

Tl» general lUte or balance of the atmo^ j^ft ;„ the grate the preceding day,. 

y»ere » all that the mercury can po.nt ouU ^^ , confidcrable Qtuniity Zi cin- 

A pamareUnid T^^J^\]f^^ confiderahle ^^^^ ,^ .^ ^^^ ,^^^5, ^^ ^^^ ' 

ftower of r<«m, whiilttlie greairlt p;«rt of ^ ^ ^.,^^ .- ,,, i • • ^u- n. 

tbe foperincumbent atmofphere is in a Date ^'^ * ^l*" /*^» *[* **'^. ^^* ^^, 

cfenc^; but iii geneil the barometer ^f ^^^Pf ^^ ,^^a^,°!. ^*'*i' ^'^y'^'i, 

kio be depended upon , and 1 flnityrrmyfeiC f^^ "P^ combuftiblc the undcrmort. u. 

Otf this joimint o/ihe rife and fall of the ^ liglitcd by a. oandlc ; upon thr & the- 

Hsitory in that mftniment win pro?e, coaU ace laid, bv putting, the imAiTcr* 

HMchee^aporatinnof water is the eiicreafe fixed with the hand in decent order. 

iltbe aunofphcane, and vne vtrju:* ^^* crowned with large one»; at the back 

■' - ' of wh*ch all the remaining contends t»f 

Mr. UeBaN, Di€* t%* the coaUhox are promircuogifv throwiu. 

I DO not know of a much greater The whole is then ligjued : bu:. ak aov~ 

doaieAicinconvenieneetb^na i'moky perfon might fit an hour upon it wirii. 

ektmncjf, nor of any fubjeA ihar has oua injury, no heat is commuoicatctl^ 

fivca nfe 10 a greater number of ua» to the chimney till a i;rctt part pf ch« 

Inccefrfttl experiments ;> which i», in- iolidc of the hre is burnt;, in the mritii 

decd» flnoA likely to be the cafe, where time, the fmokc in thick volumes roils 

llinctiaU are made with fo little regard with mud fccming pervcrlcnels, ipto 

i»jMy philofopbieal prioctpit, and the room and otuer patts of the hou^:?, 

w«ib io OMScb capiice aad random fan- fill fuch time as fome hrar, heiag coir.. 

c^aa thofe made in chimneys, aa wall municated to the chimney, niakcs jc 

in their brft fuffmactoo as ibov iubfii- what is vulgarly called dr.uv. This 

varioua alterations. , grierancc is fo common, that there \% 

Dr. Franklioy in hia Obfervationa hardly a houfe to he met with but it ia 

o« ftaokyChimneys, has very judiciouf. found nccefTary to open doors and win- 

)if ditt«guiflied their ieparate and dif- dows in a morning, to clear ic of f moke. 
Ctsd dele Aa or dilcflfeiy. and haa given Wherever a chimney drav\s wdi 

IK mmle of cure appitcaMe to the pcc«- after the hrft BrCj it is as good an one 

har c4imptaint, and which has been ap- as can be de6red, and the fault lies in 

proved of by repeated eaperimentt 1 making the fire; and ic is un wife 10 

aiiJj ladeedj hi» wolk haa been the trj aaj^ cjt^)ei.aieatS| or make a! eci- 
a vuin&, 

i6 VJiful Dlnnionsfor Ughilng $f Fires, — Stephen Hawei. f Jan; 

,tions» left yoti make a js;ood chimney a 
bad one. To cure this, I have tf led 
various ways of making a fire; buc. 
none have anfwered lo well as the fol- 
lowing, which is in reality only rever- 
finrg (he common mode. The grate is 
entirely emptied of its contents, and 
the coils are thrown promifcuouily 
(withoiK having very lar^eones amongft 
tnem) to the heigm of two or three 
bars, according to the depth of the 
grate ; upon which the wood is laid, 
iod the cinders are placed at the top, 
and the 6re u lighted by a candle in 
the ufual way, or, if convenient, by a 
fire-lhovel of well-burnt cindets from 
another 6re, upon which the cold cin- 
ders mud be immediately thrown. 

The fmoke is very inconfiderable, 
nnd goes dire^ly up (he chimney ; and 
tlie cinders art very foon heated. In 
tigie the upper (urface of the coal takrs 
fire ; an4, as the fmoke ilTues, it is ar- 
retted by the parous quality of the 
cinders, and, pnfling aifo through a 
burning fubftance, great pm of* it is 
confumed; and what iifues from the 
whole. maf^, to go up the chimney, is 
Very in^confiderabie, and of a different 
appearance to the fmoke efciping from 
(ires made in the common form. It is 
ohviouH that a great portitn of com- 
buftible matter, which is now commonly 
wafted, is by this means confumed in 
the fire, and the benefit of it enjoyed ; 
the cinders a£ling upon the fmoke 
fomewhat as a filtering- ftone does upon 
water, and the fuel they catch helps 
them to hum clearer, and, what may 
appear extraordinary, preferves them 
longer from bt^ing confumed. If any 
one is in doubt about this fa6^, I refer 
him to the very faiisfa^lory experiments 
of Dr. Franklin. As this fire confumcs 
downwards, the upper ftrata of the 
coals aie rcc!uccd to cifldcr« before the 
lower ones \ ^nd the appearance of 
hnoke is gradually diminiflied, though 
.it muft be an undoubted fa£t that as 
much really ilTues from the coals. It 
burns aifo clearly to the very hoitomj 
«(ithout the necefl^ty of fiirring it with 
the poker; and, as it gives as much 
hear, and talts tw^ce as long as a fire 
made in the common way, the(e are 
additional arguments in its iavour, and 
will bare their propoj'tioped weight 
wheie fuel is the dearer. 

It It a Very proper fire to be left to 
itfelf for a length of time, and is the 
beft that can be for a fick chamber, or 
for thofe who arc fond of firei in dicir 

bed*rooms at night; the great incon- 
veniences of which are, that, in the 
ufual mode, they require fre({uent (iir-t 
ring, and are apt to fill the room with 
fulphureous' vapodr, and endangering 

Servants are in general obftinate^ 
and will require to be inftru6led a few 
times ; which, with a perceptible abate* 
menr of their own trouble, will per* 
haps induce them to follow this method, 
which I will veoiure to pronounce the 
beft in all cafes ; and the only care nc- 
crflfary is, to keep the coals and cinders 
well fepirated. 

Af:er all, the chimney mav be found 
lo fmoke, tut then it is from fome 
other caule, and requires its appropriate 
remedy, as this is offered for one dif- 
tin£^, yet very prevailing, inconvenience. 
If this method was fteadily perfevered 
in, I do farther venture to pronounce, 
that almoft nine out of ten, of chim- 
neys called bad drawing' ones, will ob- 
tain a very^ood name, and that much 
labour and dirtinefs will be avoidedp 
as well as good refpirable air preferved 
uncontaminated, and many tender loogt 
etcape daily torture. 

As the experiment is in every one's 
power to make, I (ball not trouble 
you with any ef mine farther than to 
fay, that I have trie^ it in a great va* 
liety of fuppofed hopelefs fubjefls, and 
never knew it fail of fuccefs. Viator. 


Mr, Urban, M, Raftitt Aug. 13* 
HE admirers of the remaina of 
*^ our Ancient Birds owe much to 
the laboura of your Printer, in refcuing 
from the duft of libraries feveral elegant 
and intcrefting produf^ions of early 
Britifii genius. Ic is much to be la- 
mented that one beautiful effort of our 
Englifh Mufes has not yet been reftored 
to chtt general notice which it deferves, 
not merely as a relique ef Antiquity, 
but as a production which, as Wartoa 
was 'compelled, it feems, fomewhat 
unwillingly, to acknowledge, <' con« 
taioi no common touches of romantic 
and alkgO'ic fiAion,thou||;h it has been 
tinjuftty negleaed.*' (Uift. of Eng- 
lifh Poetry, vol. II. p. 119.) I need i 
not fay I mean the Works (efpecially J 
the -Paftime of Pieafure) uf Scephea J 

- The Analyfit whiv.h Wartoa gives 
of the fable is fuch as proves the author 
Hawes fcarcety fecond in romantic and 
allegoric fi£i ion, wbich is the veiy foul 
of poetry^ to that great mafler of it, . 
• • Spenfers i 

. ■ 1 


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. »•. • i . 


If ^ « vh r • 1 I ••. ■ ' 

w; ir. : v.' 

■ !■ 

■ ■ ■ . * : • ■• 


'f ■ '.■.«• 

■ »*. . 

r. ■ 

i ■ 

I ■ » 

* . 

-^ •- 

» . 

■ I 

• ■ I ■ . I, 


■i '• 

. / . . 

4 •! ■*•- 

- 1 


1797-] CodfalJ «irfBrccwood, StafFordflilrc— Alderton,Suflblki 17 

Spcnfer ; Bud which, if he polfeiTed 
oaefipark of chat '* improved harmoDv 
•f uambcrt and facility of diQion," 
which War ton himfelf nllowi, together 
with a fmall fiiare of SpenfcriaQ ten- 
^araeft or fen^iitility, mull have pro- 
dacc4 a poem th«c may abundantly 
prov' the invidioufneft of the Hiflo- 
tian'a inuendo, that much hetier books 
are bcconle fafliionable.** But fifrrly 
fhofe better boi>ks arc not fuch as VViir- 
ton himfelf and Tome others have writ- 
teoi which, though cori«£ter and more 
•Icf^ant in ftylc, only perhaps becaufc 
more modern— 

*-Kova fiAaque nuper habebunt verba fi- 
dem«— [ciciitquc, 

MuUa renafcenlur qiix jam cecidere, ca- 
Qu:c nunc funt in lioniire vocdbula— 

. mt€ gneativ inferior in romantic and al- 
v^apwic fi€(ion to Hi wet. 
i.'. i would afk, whether an edition of 
^vihfi works of this fine but ncgle^led 
i^tobec would not be fufficiently produc- 
:i^%v« of emolument? or, at leifi, whc* 
thcr it would not probably indemnify 
aa editor ? H.- H. 

Mr. Urban* ATrv. iK. 

IHAV£ fent you drawings of Cod- 
fall and Brewoed Chuiches in Staf- 
ford fhlre. which are at your fervice for 
the Gentleman's Magazine. 

Codfall is a coofiderable village (itu- 
atad on a hill fire miles north weft of 
Wolverhampton: the Church tt^nds 
at the north end of the village, and has 
evident marks of great antiquity. The 
building conttint nothing remarkable, 
but its pie^fant fiiuition, from which 
there it ao agreeable profpefl of CliiU 
lingcon Park, and the adjsiceut coun. 
tiy h>r many milrs. 

Brewood is a fmafi marker-town in 
Sutfurdfliirey fttuated on a gentU emi- 
nence fevcn miles from VVolverhamp- 
ton* The church is a Urge handlbmc 
ftcufiurt with a iofiy fpire, but does 
mm appear very anticnr. The iituatinn 
^rbia town (or rather village) is lu- 
tirf^ plaafaat, and retired » and is a; 
|M>per place of retreat from the buitle- 
«i4*cga towat. The p.tri(h of Bre- 
'^Saad IS vary exteafive ; and contains 
'jnillia^toa Parky tha feat of Thomas 
WC4rtf» Bfq. and Somcrford, the feat 
^cbftfiontSdwardMoncktoD, merar 
bar lar Siaffbrd. ■ la feveral haivtkti in 
ihis parilh coofiderable quantities of 
locks and other articles are made, but 

Gemt. Mao. JsiutMrj, 1797. 

mod of the inhabitants are employed 
in Agriculture. 

Mr. Urban, Lndo^, Jsh, ^, 

LET me requeft fome of your learned 
correfpoadents will take the trou- 
ble of communiciiting fuch particuUit 
9% mav have occurred and come to 
rhcir knowledge rerj)eAing the manor 
of Alderton, in Sutfolk ; fuch as the 
portions it it divided into ; the polTef* 
(ors thereof at prefent, and dur'ng the 
laft century ; as alfo refpt^int; tivc p* 
tronage of th^it benefice, in whom vef* 
trd ; together with the extent aod 
boundaries of fuch manor or manort* 
Thf church is remarkably anrient, I 
have underilood, and, from its lofty 
fiie, 1 flinuld fuppofe, may occafionally 
aft at a landmark to mariners^ being 
not far from the Tea. L.H« 

Mr. Urban, Dee. to. 

IfliJtll be much obliged to fome of yoitr 
claliical and mechanical correfpon« 
dents to explain rhe tonftruAiun of the 
veilel in whicli Nero intended that hit 
mother Agrippina fliould be deftroyed* 
Tacitus, '•uavrm pofe eomp9mi dtet 
( Anicetus), cujut pars^ ipfit in ma'ipit 
ariiMfiiMim, effundeni ignaram ;" from 
which It ivou;d appear that a part of 
the vefTel was to have given way, and 
that Agrippina was to have been dif« 
charged, or, te ufe a nauticit expref* 
fion, (hot out, into the Tea ; but th« 
execution of the plan does not corre* 
fpood with this intention ; for, Tacitus 
fays, that, whiMl Agrippina was rela« 
ting with exultation the repentance of 
her fon, ** daufi^no rutfi uGnm ioci 
mutio ptumh§ gi aviprejufqut errptniut^ 
& fiatim ixanimatu^** (Annal. 14* 
fee. 3 & 5 ) From which exprefBnn 
it feems clear, that' the upper part of 
the deck lell down inio the cabin, and 
that it was expe^ed Agrippina and 
her attendants would be crufhsd to 
death. She efC'iped, Tacitus fays, 
from the ftrong fupports of her bed. 
With tfcis latter plan of dcftruAion 
Suetonius appears to me to agree \ 
*' imcmmarim, qn^ mQu Jnpir dormiim^ 
//M, imx^im mmchmm detiileremt, fmrtt^ 
1^'i." The ftrftpart of the defcription 
of the (ktp in Tacitua does Hot feem 
to corralpoad with the cxacntion of the 
piaii againift Agrippina 1 nor do 1 com- 
prehend how a pan of the reiTel could 
bt loofened for the jpurpofe of her de- 




SpMiiA Mk, OB a vtry Urgt fca1e« at 
IM £«(! end* QOft eJK|tttfiicIy icuUxtt* 
r«dt HcgiDoiiig at (he and of the ftiilitp 
SDd coBUaucd toWiU dt ihe alewr. This 
WM to adoni chat pan of the chapel 
which was ttfuaUy called the Fioiby- 
teiry» or the fpace about aad near the 

After Sir Thoma Pope's death, m 
*559j Tytcaohangrr-houre continiicil 
to he iohalfttcd by tiie Tclatioiis of hia 
fecond wife, bearing the n^meof Pope* 
Blount. In the y^r i6ao it began to 
be lefTcncd, or pulled down in part i 
about which lima t\\c family of Napier, 
then tvoants to Trinity college (Ox- 
ford), at Luton, by the mediation of 
the colUge, removed the wainfoot (a- 
boveipeniioned)^ put up bv Sir Thomas 
Pope in the chapel of Tvttcnhangcr- 
koufe, in entire prefervaiion, to the 
chapel nf the maniion-houfe at Luton. 
John» Earl of Bute, about the year 
1768, pulled dotvn thik old niaefion- 
houle at Luton, to- build a new houfe 
in its pKiae 1 but, with great tafte and 
judgement, retained the old chapel, with 
Sir Thomas Pope's wainscot, where it 
Aill remains. (Bibl.Tup.Biu.VllL6r9.) 

No tracer of the old houfo at Tyitw 
hanger now remain. It was tohiUy 
dcmoUAed al>out the year 165a) and 
was loon afterwards moft elegantly re* 
built as it appears at prefeut. 

T. Wartom.. 

Mr. U Its AN, 7^»M^ 

AVERY neat mural monument, ia 
honour uf the late Kev. Mr. Har- 
tifon, and excciued by Mr. Weilma- 
co'.i, of Mount-Urccr; has been lately 
eredcd \a Bfomrton chapel, near 
Knightibridge, with this inicriptioni 


to the memory of the 


minifter of this cliapel 

inm its opening in 1769, 

veAor of St. John's, Clerkenweil, 

and^ evening preacher at tlie 

Magdalen Hoi'pital. 

Uo depaneJ this life 

231! Dec. 1 79 J, 

aged C7 yean. 





Freai Wrsn's Parenulia, p. 307. 

THI^ Iraiiani, amongd which are 
leiiie Greek rafugecsi and with 

^-Gothic ArMnSurtw fj^iu 

thcdn Prcnchy Gennaot« aad Flemingf^ 
joinrd wiih a fraternity of atrchitcSa, 
procuring Fitp^ Mts for their encoo« 
ragciBCHt, and particular privilcgcii 
they Ayled themfclvcf Frce-fnafoiKy-aBd^ 
ranged from one nation to another aa 
they found churches to be built. . Their 
rovcrnment was regular; and, where 
they fixed near the miilding in hand^ 
they made a camp of hittc. A furveyor 
governed in chief; every tenth man 
was calledi a wardea, and overlooked 
each nine. The gentlemen of the 
neighbourhood, either out of chamy«. 
or commucatioB oP ptnance^ gave ihe 
materials and carriages. Thole who 
have feen the exaft accounts in rtcord» 
of the charge of the fabiick^ of fome 
of our ciihedrals, near 400 years o-d^ 
cannot but have a great eltceni for their 
ceconomv, and adniiie how foon ihey 
erected fuch lofty (Irufturei. lodeedf 
great height they thought muj^nificence. 
Few ftones were ufcd but what a maa 
might carry up a ladder on his baci^ 
from fcaffuM to fcafhild, tliough they 
had pulleys and fpiked wheels upon oc* 
cafiofl it but, having i-ejc6tcd cormces^ 
they had no need of great engines* 
Scone was eallly piled upun <lone to- 
great heights ; therefore, the pride of 
their worKs wai in pinacles and tUcplet. 
In tliii they ellt-ntially diti'cred fronr 
the Roman way, who laid all their 
mouldings horizontal, which made the 
bcli peripefltve. Ttic Gothic way, on 
the contrary,, canied all their mould- 
ings perpendicular. 

Thus they made thtir pillars of » 
bundle of little torufr^ which they di- 
vided into more when thev came to tlic 
roof; and thcfe tonifes fplit. inie many 
fmalier ones, a no, trartritng '>oe anu» 
ther, gave oecafion rothc traccty-woik 
of which this fuciety were the inventors.. 

7f li(# Bb N c H b R » •/ tbe Honourable 
Society a/ Lincoio't iou. 


BEING dc(irous of tranfcribing the 
epitaphs upon the tombftones in 
the cloifttrs under the chapel, I vifited- 
them fome time ago with that dc* 
li^n ; but, finding them in a very iUc- 
gible Hate, and that yon had ordered' 
them to be all iocloltd, 1 therefore de- 
clined carr3ung my defigo into eseecu* 
tion, froB a perfuadon that your mo- 
tire was, inafmuch at your predecedors 
had been pleafed to pay particular re- 
fpe£( to feveral of their members^ by 
conftrring fanertai i^^oun on them, 


X797»l Tvmls/t§ftis in Liacoln'i Inn w; ir^/j^.— Will Siccorn, 1 1 

JCQ had COBcdved it yoor 4uty co re* other fuck abrurdiiict nod blutdcrt 

ptir the grivc-ftonci ; tod, id order to might he poiattd sut ^ ■ hut the a»ov« 

prtfisrvc ihcm from the future ravages may fuffioe for the pnrpoff adduced* 

of rime, they were co be all inclofcd. In order to remedy tLc Bbovt, I wt(k 

Iffprefled with ihU idea^ 1 returned yov, frenileaico, to order tU the tombp 

tte odser day with a vieur to infpeft floncv to be citmiDcd, and che MceiSf 

tlicm» tody as I ivm in hopeSf io their oo fiich at require it, to be re*cat, o- 

ioiproTed ftate ; bur in ihtt I wa» dif- mitting the Icveral improprieties abow 

^p<doKd* I uke leave to Uy tkie re- alluded to, for which the heurers 6t 

fylc Hf my inlptfiion before you. tombftooes have rendered themfeivet io 

f found the Ittten oo three of the very remarkable. I think the mttc 

gnre-flones almolloblictraced by being cleanfiog them from th«ir preicnt tilth- 

w^d up with dirt| but principally with will ftot be <[uit(. fofficieur. Let tiiem 

WOTtMX, whereby they were biux)me all be placed with their feet» or lower 

{unal I caufed them to be tfaoroui^hiy part, as near as may be to 'the infide of 

fcowcr^d) very as plaia as if -no the railine, and all round it, if the 

iafcripiions had been on them; and, number of infcnbed flones admii it; 

ivhich fcems to me very extraordinary becaufe, thus depolircd, thev mav be 

indeed, the torn bft Ones were fo impro- read by the palfeoKtrs on the outiide. 

perly placed, that the epitaphs upon This dii'pofition will, of courfe, make 

them are oo the outfide of ihe railing;, room, in the middle pait of the cloi* 

and the other pait within. By this Aeri for additional giavc-Aonet. Ja 

means your chief intention « as 3 fliould cafe the fc Aould happen to be at too 

foppofcp of putting up the railing is great a diflance tp l>e read fiom the 

there bv totaby defeated, in that the outfide -of the railing, notice may be 

place alluded to is now thc'Only part of vftaed, thar, on application to the trea* 

the clotllers over which peiTengers can furer, or other per (on, as may bt 

walk ; and the tombflones in queflion judged proper, penniliion may be 

are, iherefaic, much more tiahle to be lu be admitied into the inlide of the 

^faccd :by ambulation than they were railing, for the purpofe of tranlcribing 

i>efore the railing was ereded { and, as or leading. 

f^r as I could judge from tlie diHance, OhS WHO aEVEREf TKa DeaD. 

.all tlte other grave-ftones within the — * ■■ — 

failing are, in general, fu very irregu- WILL SITCORN. 

iarly and fo prontifcuoully placed, that a aeNo «v an old shipmate, 

■tbey put me more in mind of the origi- w-^ -rn i eT-r/^r^D v -. - r j — 

naleh-os of confufion than the order^o ^V ^f J.r^r^.'Il!!?/^""' * ^ 

, 'aj* ri ifvT As ever trod a deek i 

iic eipeaed in tne awful receptacle of ^^ \^^ ^ ,^ j^^ ^^ preaous fight, 

<he dead i for, forne pf ihem are turned y,,^^ Sitcorm isJa 'wredk. 
topfv-turvv, otheis are laid loni;-ways, 

and many juft the contrary by\he lide A bomiog fever feized him, 
of them. Tliis m^ke* fuch confufion, , ^"^ V"*.*^*' ^5^^""* ^"^1 
iliii the tombaoccs are thereby becoiite So /?h«;^ t»« "ther at the lofs- 
a:moft as ufclef., as if they V^d been ^^-^''^^"•teaway. 
abfolutety taken away. However, as Will was as fmart a (eaman as ever 
I'jng as -the lofcriptions ire lutt'cred to lived. He is now often icvn in Hul- 
re'itain in their prcfent irjurcd and im- bjurn, or by the Duke of Devoofliirc*s 
prife^t ftate, the pufitiun of them is wall in Piccadilly* He was (eized with 
Very immaterhl. Nay, the epitaphs a fever at Sr. Helena, by which he loft 
tfteinfelves are very obje£l ion able ; tor, one eye |. and in a week the other was 
in fome of them there aie numerals, darkened. The maay good cut ns i had 
whereas they ibuuKl becomnion figures ; en lkknei« received from hiin anu his 
hut by Ur the greater number are liable brother-fa ilors demand my acknow- 
to the contrary ohjeftion ; and Latiji ledgemenis; and I ibould rejoice if this 
a;:d Englilh may fomstimes befound in snay be a means of I'erving him. He 
one and the Xamc iofcjuption ; as, fur has a good, countenance, long white 
inltaocci a^fiiy with the date in £ng- Juir, blue jacket, and napkeen trow- 
hftu This occafiona at inoongruou^i a (ers, and generally has his face turticd 
juofiion as che name of a peer of the towaids Hrkven< Hecellimc, the Mar- 
realm and that of a >£lu^«^a/i did once quis of Townfcnd often fpcak& very 
oo the writa ilFued from one of the kindly xq hiai| ajid as often rcltevea 

1 797- ] ^^ tf^ Pi€ht*Flora anfukrid and ncommmdtd. 19 

fiaally render oqr great mafier't la- ti6c terms ; pUntt will noc admit 0^ 

jMurt boch ufe'e/t and oblicirc. beini,; defcribed in general langnagc 

Your8» Ice. J. S. which muft commonly want precition* 

_ When ideas minute'y diflfchngare to 

Mr« UeBAN» 7««. 4. be feparated in the mind with accu- 

IT has gireD me great pleafuie to racy, uoirobiguous iigni ought only to 

fecthe fubjefl of a *' Pocket- Flora" be ufed; every doubtful ezpremon 

fo much agitated in your Faluable tends only to confufe, rarely to eluoi* 

Magaxine ; thcuciihy oJF fufh a woik date. Having thus ofifered fome flight 

ia as eeneraily Icoows at the want of ic remaiks on the plans of others, permit 

it UDirerfiilly felt. To avoid rcduo- j^ to offer, for the perufai of youriielf 

dancy, and yet not to be obfcur**, is a and readers, the following hints ro« 

difficult undertaking; and diflPrreni wards pcrfefling the objeA of chia 

perfoot will entertain ditferent opinions ietter : and, iii, ihe work ihould be 

refpe^Ung the beft mode of accom- written in Enj^'ilh ; t, that the generic 

plifliing thia project. \ thiok» how. cbara£^ers be taken from Linneutf 

ever, a free communication of ideas, 3, that the fpecific chara£^ers be takes 

^nd candid ftri£^urei on what has from the works of that illufiriout Na* 

either been executed or propofcd, may turalift, or from fome other author of 

give rife to fuggeftioni that will be of repute, who may have given a moro 

benefit to any perfon inclined to pro- appropriate chara^er to a Britifli ^* 

pote the knowledge of botany, by cies ; 4th, that, in fpecies difficult to bt 

compiling a Britifli Pocket Floia. Dr difcrioiinated, only a few illuftrating 

Beikenbout's Synopfis, though enti- •bfervationt be added ; 5th, that vari^ 

tied in mriny refpe^s to commenda- eties be mentioned ; 6th, that the timet 

tion, yet in the botanical part it not of flowering, and placet of growth, bo 

fufHciently corred. Brief defcriptiont briefly fet down j yth, that tbit work 

arc given ; but they ferve to prove^ in a be comprized in two volumes, doode^ 

▼ariety of^ inftances, their incapability cimo, the firft to contain the twenty* 

of giving fuch charaderiftic marks at three dalles, or perfect plants ; and tho 

can difciiminate nearly-allied fpeciet* fecond, the twenty-fourth clafs, or imr 

The '* Enchiridion ^otanicum" of Dr^ perfeA plants, including the fungi. 
9roughton is, in my opinion, a very Such it the iketch 1 beg leave to 

ufcfuT little woik; but, the |eneral propofe; and, fliould my obfervatioBc 

places of growth, and time* of lower? be agreeable to yourfclf and pemferi I 

|ng, being left out, is certainly a very will at fome future period enter Inoro 

material omiiHon. The plan of J. S. at large into the plan, and give a fpe* 

chough undoubtedly too prolix, may cimen. A Welch BoTAM|tT^ ^ 

be executed with eifc£V, making fome — ■■ . .V^. 

alterations. Your correfpondent,Emen- Mr. Urban, ^eff. 8. 'b 

dator, indeed, (p. 9x8.} conceives it Tj^HEN 1 .fuggefied apian for a 
impracticable (why I cannot con- V V Pocket-Flora, my view wat to 

ceive), and fubftitutct the following obviate the obje^ion urged againft that 

plan, via. to omit generic and fpecific of J. S. who, I underdand, is now pri« 

chara£lers, and to give but familiar paring a Floruit on an improved fcalej 

defcripiions. But, Sir, how plants Let me alk Ambidexter what difficulty 

can be with facility diftinguilhed, neg- there is in difcovering unknown plants 

lefimg the charaAera of the genus, ) by Ray's Synopfis, where there are bo 

do not comprehend ; if you ate necef- fpecific chara^ers. My plan aims at 

i^fated to refer to another fource for an union of the defcripiive method of 

this informatioq» the defign of the Ray with the Linnean arrangement | 

work is fruftrated. In regard to fpe- and have little doubt but that it would 

cific chara^ersy it hat been, I believe, enfure a conftant and eafy examination 

held by ail bounifts, that ihey contain of all Britilh plants. Particularly at 

t|i€ mofi cpncife and accurate ^ifcri* the fubdivifions of the orders and fee- 

minitioBt which can be given to any tions of the larger genera are very nu« 

plant \ cr, in othe» words, they afford merous. 

the ihortefl and beft defcriptions | why InanfwertoBotanophilus, (in whom 

tti en ihould they be ncgleded ?— Are I difcover the ingenious J. S.) I her 

they too fcientific I To me it feemt, leave to fay, that the publication of a 

that, in fuch a fcience at botany, every '< Manuale Bbunicun," according to 

vrork of Bfe moft be wxiutn in fRp« the inproyed Itioaua i^tdRo^i mxYi 

M Mr. Flaxman lit Sculpior^s AdJtnfs t^.tbg Rsfal Acaiimy [ Jan« 

out doubt would, were they ftrong 
cnottgh to mak^heircUim good. The 
Memorifll fays, '* the French Artiftt 
were perfecuted by the Romans, and 
have ef'caped from their barbarity ;" 
however, this perfecution, as it is caU 
led, was only, an endeavour on the part 
of the Roman government, to fecure 
iifetfagainft an attempt made by MelTrs* 
La Flotte, Bafville, and their adhe* 
rents, to excite a revolution in the 
city { all of this party were feiitout of 
the territory ; fuch as had been iropi4« 
foned were indemniAed for their loflet, 
and fuch as had no money were fup« 
ptied bv the Roman government, with 
a fuftci^ncy ro bear their travelling 
charges. From this ilatement it is cer- 
tain, that there is no juAice in the 
claim which' France his made. I^ow, 
let us fee how far it is reafonablc rc- 
fpf £ting the reft of Europe.— The pe- 
titioners fay, '* if we requcft that the 
mafter-piecesof Art fhould betranfport- 
cd hither, it isfolely forthc honour and 
glory of the French name, and the ve- 
neration in which we hold thofe great 
effbrtt of genius.'* Upon this it may 
be remarked, that the codet of law ia 
all countries conlider fuch veneration 
for valuables as criminal in an indivi^ 
dual^ for inftince, if any one fliould 
break open another man's houfe, and 
by force carry away any Bne (latue or 
gem, the laws of England would haog 
htm fur his vift& Now, this "crime it 
certainly not diminiflicd, but aggrava- 
ted, when it is extended to a hundred 
gems or (latues, and committed a^aind 
a whole nation inftead of an individual. 
But the Arts of Defign are cultivated 
in d-ft'erent degrees in rood couniriesof 
£urnpe; Ant mufeums of fculptureand 
pointing have been formed in Naples, 

Tufcany, Spain, (*erfnHny,£ngland,and 
Hu(h<i;e'ich of thefe count ritSfdouhtlefa, 
wou'd be glad to give fuch ab increafe 
to the mufeums as fliouUI make them 
Univertities for the world to fludy in« 
Let us now fuppoCe eachof chefe pow- 
ers to be animated by the fame fcnti-i 
meots of patriotifm with the peti- 
honets, to decorate their countries witU 
the fpotis of Home; and that the empe- 
rors of RuiTia and Germany, the kings 
of Pruflia, England, Spain and Naples, 
and the Qrand Duke of Tufcany^ 
ihould feverally foy, ^* The honour and 
glory of my country, and the venera«* 
tion in which 1 hold thofe Gne worksj 
have made me determine to bring them 
ifuomy own capital," What would be 


the addition of all new-difcovered 
plana, which is the plan he propofes to 
adopt, cannot at all interfere with Dr. 
Broughton'y, whether he defigns to 
repubtilh his or not Emendator. 

^4thi President amd Council «/ 
thi Royal Academy i>/^LoNDoit. 

IT is well known, that the late de- 
mand made by France en Rome for 
the fincil works of Greek fcutpture, 
and the beft paintin|ss in that city, pro- 
duced two pcc.tions from different bo- 
dies of FrcncR Aitifts to the Executive 
Diredory ; one praying, that thofe 
works might not be removed, (igned 
David, Giroudet, Vincent, &c* which 
was anfweced by a fecood, an Englifh 
tranilatioB of which was publiflied in 
tbe Courier, 06lober 13, blaming the 
Hrl^i and dciiring that all the fiooworks 
night be imme.d aiely brought into 
France, to form an Univetfu^ to which 
ail niitions fliou'd be obliged to fludy 
the Arts of D^Hgn, (igned by Hubert, 
l^d thirty-eight other artifts. 

This queftion, whether the fine 
works (huuld be brought Aom Italy to 
Paris, IS of the greateft importance to 
Art, "Science, and Literature, and of 
oeafe^uence in this refpe6t 10 all 
£ur 'pc ; and, although it is much 
more likely to be decided by force than 
laafon, yec every Artill, of whatever 
country, will have an equal right with 
the petitioners, to confidcr the obje6l 
of this latter petition, and its probable 

I (hall, therefore, avail myfetf of 
this priirilege ; and, without engar^Ag 
ia any political difculHon, or applying 
Biyfelf ia any way to the pamons uf 
mcQr I lb>ll examine the arguments 
ooatained in this fecood petition by the 
t«ll of truth only. 

I (hall firll coniider upon what pre- 
tence the French nation has made this 
demand upon the Papal li^te, and how 
far it is reafonablc with refpc^ to the 
reft of Europe. When compeofaiion 
is demanded by one Aaie from another, 
it is for fome injury or lofs fuftained } 
ImiC France has fuAained neither lof^ 
nor injury from the Papal ilate ; on 
the contrary, by the formation of the 
French Republick, and the progrefs of 
the French arms in Italy, the Papal 
Stau has loft the provinces of Avignon, 
Bologna, and Ferrara \ and, therefore, 
in ji:&ice, ch«> Romans might demand 
Cga)|^&do» from f rai|ce| and wtlh- 

1 797-1 ^*'» Flaxman't J^efs.^^tAte #/ tbi Htrring^F^Jbtry. 2 1 

the dbttfcqueacet of all tlais patriotifin f 
Difcord I Waf 1 Europe would be 
more ahondant'y deluged tvtch blood ; 
the poffefibrs of thofc works wouU! I>e 
deOroyed, ai well as, mpft likely, the 
6bc wosks themfclves, m the cooteft. 

Such patriotifm is not virtue, it is 
a fplendtd vice; that parnotifm alone 
is virtue, by which jxe provide for the 
good of our couatr y, without dom^ any 
thing that inurfercs with the welfare 
or hapiyscfa of auotber; this is the 
o«ly way in which we can honour our 
country, and not, like highway- robbers 
or pirates^ io bringing home whatever 
valuable, plunder we can feizc. 

Thus we fee, th-it the intended re. 
moval of the fine works of Sculpture 
and Painting is as unreafonable, re- 
fpefting the reA of £urope, as it is un- 
juft refpeAing Rome; ifor, as France 
docs not appear to have any claim 
upon Rome for compeafationy any 
other plea might be urged, with ai 
much rcafon, by any other country of 

if France, in her dtmand on Rome 
for thofe workt, had any motive of 
ftace-poiicy, or view of indemnifica- 
tion for general lolTes^ thcfe I can fay 
Bocbing IO, as being out of the way of 
my intention,' which was to enter into 
no political difcuffioni but, furely, it 
may be faid, that thcfe works fupply oo 
meant to fupport a war ; and it muft 
be doubtful whether their removal to 
Faria would facilitate the ftudy of 
Pciigo, even in that city, whiift the 
great comoiunity of Arc and Letters, 
both of the prefent and future agtrs, na- 
tives as well as foreigners, would have 
reafon to blame France for having dif- 
membcffed the Univerfity of the World. 

However, before 1 quit this part of 
the Cubjef^, I ihall notice one argu- 
ment of the petitioners for wilhing to 
bring chofe works to Paris : it is this ; 
^* the Romans, although antlSntty rude 
and unpoli(hed themielves, civilized 
their nitiun by cranlplancing into ii the 
prod ud ions of conquered Greece.'* 
It IS true, that the Roman orators and 
|H)ets owe almoft the whole of their 
rptendor to what iltey had learned from 
the Greeks ; but Rome profited li tie 
by Grecian philofophy and niathema-. 
ticka i they were reduced to be the 
handmaids of politicks and war in that 
metropolis ; and, according to the tcf- 
cimony of Pliny the Elder, as well al 
all the remaining monuments, we have 
but flight groufldf to bchcvc, that ail 


the painting and fculpture brought 
from G e«ce ever produced a Romaa 
Arti(\ of real excrlUncc ; on the con* 
tr.<ry, it hns been iuppofed, ihit the 
Genius of Rome was buried under the 
ruins of Greece. 

Jn mv next, I fh^ll confider how far 
it \i poHii)ie to make France an univcr* 
firv for the Aits of Defign equal t9 
Italy. 1 have the honour to be, gca- 
clemen, your moO httmble fervent, 

J. Flaxman , Sculptor; 

Mr. Urban, 7"* i^ 

IF the inclofed Letters of the late On 
Qeo'jfc Harris, and Mr. Francis 
Wile, to Dr. DjcareUre worthy a place 
in your Milcellany, they an mnrh at 
your fervicc from the polfefibrof then* 
Sir, io yan. ThurfiLy, I750ib 

I wrote over the inclofed account of the 
Herring- FJihery Markets this morning—* 
but iip>Mi examination i nm .ifraid it is not 
tabe depended upon. The article rela* 
ting to Ktvt }as much Aa^gered my faith— 
for I am almoi^ {lofuive, that the Dutch 
have ngrfoU any mcrrchandilc of this kind 
to the French for thefe many years. 

I mu(t obfmrve too, tliac the Romail 
Catholic Countries, to which I fuppofii 
the Diudi have the greatcit trade, are in« 
tircly Omitted. 

Someofyotir friends in the CitycotilA' 
unJoiibiedly furnilli a more fatisfadlmv' 
account ; for ihe <{ue<hon ii, not what 
trade tiie Hollan^eni were en;;ag'::d in, but 
what tKcy adiiially carry on at iliis time. 

A gentleman call.^ upo:i mti'thi.<t mom*. 
inp, who is jiift returnc I from Frahae t 
and if you have a mini! for a parcel of 
Frencli filvcr cunent coin, I c:in get alt 
the pieces that lijere arc f»r about la 
Ihillings, w'aich is no more tlian t^ir 

I have taken the liberty to inclofe a 
Frencli Alfnanack for 1751, wtiirh in value 
i* worth .ibout a:i half- penny; but it may 
be of lift wlien my Lurd Chelter&eld liaf* 
cJiant^cd our ityle. 

1 iun, Sir, your luoft ohh((ed, 
ami obe^Ucni Iiumble f^rvant. 

Ceo. ilARKis. 

Extra^ from a Book publifhed in 
^7°lt hy Joseph Gandkr, intituled, 
" A rrcatile of N.ivijiaiion and Com^^ 
*mcrce,*' page 90. 91. &,c. 

To tiie four cities in ihu Eaft 
kingdoms within the Sound are 
carried .iiid vended, every year, 
40,000 larts of Herrings at 16L 
per laft. viz. Qiieen(borough, 
Elben, S4atten, and Dantzick 640,001^ 

ToOenmark, lilorway, S wede- 
iandy Leafland, Rye, Neve), the 

42 ilfr. Wife//Z5r.Ducarei. — /tddrifsfr^mtbeClirgyofSoiXum. [Jan, 

ycsve, and other Port To^vns 
ivithin the Sound, 20|0oo lafts, ac 
16 1, per faft, 140,000 

To Ri^ilia 1500 UflSyatiSl. 
|»cr laft, 17,000 

To Stoad, Haniboro']5;h, Brc- 
snen, Embilen, vpon tlie River' 
Kibe,' VVeafer, and Emby, 10,000 
Jafts, at 16I per Udy i6c,eoo 

To Clevelancl, aiui Gulieland, 
ixp the Rhine, and to Germany 
in general, 20, -too lalU ac 20I. 
per laft, 400,000 

"Up the River Maze to Leigc, 
Maftrichc, Vcnlo, Dcveinrc, 
Cantpen, • and Swoole, and to 
i^akeland in general, 7,000 ui2-^t. 
f)cr U(V, 149,000 

To Guilderbnd, Artoi^, Hai- 
wiulr, Brabant, and Fbnders, 
ixp the Rn'er of Antwerp, and 
^ over ihe Spauilh Netherlands, 
$/oo lalls, at 1 8 1. per lat^y i62,oco 

To Roan 50,000 laAs, ut ao 1. 
ftt lail| j,ooo,oco 

Total 2,069,000 

Dear Sir, Oxfi^rilt June 10. 

Tou are extremely kind in anfwering 
■ly queries ; and I vvilh l.could make any 
^turii by anfwering yours. But it can- 
|(tot be expe^ed that I can meet with nny 
thing that has efaiped you, unlcfsy* u could 
give me diredbon ; and even in that cafe 
you lee what l-tile fuccefs I have met with. 
1 keep Croydon always m ray mind, in 
cafe ajiy thmg Ibould accidentally occur, 
and you Ihall be fnre to have it. I imagine 
you ,aie got to the lieight of information, 
ii>r Jc4*)fp«^ Lanfranc to have been tf.e 
£Fiiipoliei{or ; a^ 1 can meet u ith nothing 
in the Saxon tiiucs. You nre z^^ beyond 
nie t(;o in the liiliory of hnck-building ; 
<or, the oldct^ I can recoiled ib of the time 
of Henry VI f. 

. I am obliged to you for the volumes 
fipund at Hercubrenm, which is no othtjr 
than I imas:inLd, m;twithiiancUng the late 
|<)Oinpous accounts of dii'covcries. Had 
there been fou. d any br..fs or even waxen 
tallies, 1 believe wc fhouid l«av<$ llucd a 
better chance. 

I beg you will return my compliments 
to Mr. Mores, though lii^ ;infwer to my 
cliicf que»y is imperfeft f<]r want of Mr. 
Cafley's opinion. 1 don't kn^.w wlio 
Mr. W'idmore i«i } and I did not cxpe6l 
t;;at Mr. I ye would agree with mc, as our 
©pinions ?rf, in ether rtfptCis, very dif- 
frrcnt u ith regard 10 that hcok. ; but old 
Caflt*7 would have been a fort of umpire 
between us. I fiifpc«il that Mr. Widmore 
and lye went by Dr. Smitii's judgement, 
Who liocs not fet the age of the MS. fo 
hx^h a& I do. HoTv e^ cr^ I am veiy mucA 

obliged to Mr. Mores for his trouble. I 
ixn afraid Dr. Jenner does not intend to 
take ti'.e l.oufc in our neighbouihood, 
w hich will Ve a I'tlle difappomimcnt to 
me ; but whenever he is fettled at Oxfor*', 
1 hope wc fhall h.we the plc.ifure of feeing 
you foon after. I am, dear Sir, 

Your's, *c. Fran. Wise. 

Mr. Urban, Bath, Dec. 24, 1796- 

LOOK.1NG over the papers of a 
deceafed friend, I found the fol- 
lowing addreU io the hand writing of 
bifhop Burnet, it likewife a letter of 
king James II, when duke of York 
to hit dutcheft ; they are much at 
your ferTice. John Elderton. 

TO the Queen's moft cxcelltnt Majcfty. 
The humble Addrefs of tie Biihop, Dean, 
and Chapter, of the Catlicdral Church of 
Saium, March 28, 1702. 

' May It p «afe your Majefty, 
When we had loft tur dred Sovereign 
King William the Third, ©f glorious me- 
mory, and were cut off from the benefit 
of tliofe cares wherewith he was wont 
to watch over our publick welfare, the 
VffG feemed to be, and wo 
tJiought awhile that all other hopef of 
bein^ happy were expired with him. But 
your maje(ly*s fucceflion to the tlirone, 
brightened with fuch ample demqnflra- 
trons of your wifdom to govern, ^nd cou- 
rage to defend, and fludioufre'Ie to oblige^ 
has taught all tlic people to believe, that 
a'though God has changed the inftrament 
of our happinelfe he has not changed' tHe 
purpofe, but that we may ftill fee thtt 
moft de£reable days, if we refill not the 
grace that «»tlers them through your ma* 
jeity's adminiftration. 

We in particular whofe profeflion it i| 
to attend the fervice of the Eliabliiked 
Religion, ate bound elpecally to biefle 
God, for the great example of your na- 
jefty*s fteddy and uniform pi«ty, from 
w hofc indue nee tlie religion we profeffc 
cannot but leap the advantage, both of 
h.'.ving its temper better confidcred by the 
difaflfe<5le •, and the efficacy better felt 
among tlie indiflfeient. 

May it t!ie«eforc plcafe your gracious 
Majelty t« accept of our zealons and du- 
tiful congiatulations ; and may it pleafe 
Almiglity God to r.ccept of our humble 
and atfe^ionate defires tiiat your Majefty 
may be a blelBng to the people you go- • 
vera in a long and profperous reigne." 

Added, after it was lent up to London, 
Ihefe words at the bter end. ** And we do 
faithfully vow all loyal obedience to 
your M^ijefty, as our lawful and rightfull 
Sovereign, to whom we will ever adhere, 
in oppofition to all ytmr enemies wliat- 
foevcf I at ^omc and abroad j and we wil', 


I797«] Original LitUr tfBiJbop Burntisland cf Dr. Prleftky. 23 

to the Qtmoft of our poweri with om* 
prayers and fcrriccs artift your M «jcfty in 
all yaar sloiiaot defigm,' an-J mod parti- 
cularly in maintaining the fnccetiion to 
th« cr6wn in the Proteftant line, and in 
deCenJing and fupporting the chorch of 
iUiglaml* as by the law eriahli(bc. 

T» which we who had figned it before 
cuacurred ; figneJ thus : 

Gi. Sarum. 

Edward Young, Dec. Sarum. 

Daniel VVhitb^', Piecent. Sarum. 

Mich. Gedde, Cane. Sarum. 

Petr. Alix, Tref. 

Is. Wakoni Can. Ref. 

Edw. Hardwiek, Can, Ref. 

Tho. Morer, Preb. 

'I ho. Green, Preh. 

White Kennct, Preb, 

Wm. Craig, Prcb. 

Jo. Gibb, Preb.' 

you may afTure him, tUcvjt w;in no fuch 
tning, aivl that it mufl fuve been malico 
to me, or a very great miOake in the 
perfon informed him of it. I wouU fay 
more, but my letters are called for^^ an< 
it is late. . * 


Edinburgh^ yan, 29. 
YOU will before this have heard by 
James Graham how yours of the 6th of 
-•lis month vi as fo lon» a coming to me, 
and was the forryer for it, hecaufc I have 
not jnftifyed myfelf to come to two per- 
fons both you and they might have ex- 
pected. I had it bat on TuefJay laft; 

and the fatt fo Ipng that day, th.nt 

I had not tyme to anfwer it then, and 
pray leltLord Holies know that neither to 
the Lady Weems, nor any body els, did I 
lay any fuch thing of him at any tyme, 
for I have long kK)iced on him as very 
much my friend j and whenfoever it has 
«ome in my way to talk of htm have al- 
ways fayd it, and that I knew him to he 
a roan of as great honor as any man li- 
ving, tliough in fome tilings we did not 
ati^ee, I do not remember I fo much as 
r.amed htm, 1 am fure, if I did, it muft 
have been what I have now fayil, and 
■•thing to his prejudice. \ do remember 
1 ipake of Lord Shaftfbury, and faid no- 
tiling hut what is true of him, and that all 
the uorld knew, but ftiU in civile lan- 
guage, and truly he cannot thinke the 
Lady Weems could write fuch a letter. 
Pray enquire into it. I believe you wiil 
find it was a man that wrote it. 1 told 
Lord Chancellor of it bft night, who is 
▼ery much concerned for his fifler, and 
has fent to know what (he can lay to juf- 
tify herfelf ; as for Mr. Savile, wliofoevcr 
kas fent him word of what you write has 
d'jne me Wrong, for I never Ji<l it, for I 
never told his majrfty ariy fuch tiling, 
fo that it was great malice in any who 
had told him fuch a ftory ; for naiurnlly I 
do not love to do ill nutured tl.ings to any 
body, much lefs to thotie who profelfe 
tkemfelvei to be my friends, as 1 know lie 
has d«oe to all that have been at I'aris, 
at to Lady Scrope, to Churchill, and 
t^i«> Utat hsiTc beei\ U^erc ; theiefore 

LitUr from Dr. Phiestley /• m 
Fritwd tn f.tnJof*. 

Dear Sir, NortbumbfrlanJ, Off. ^, 

EVERY account I have fro<n Eng- 
land makes me tbink myfelf hap-» 
py in this peaceful retiremt-nr, where 
I eojoy atmoll every thing 1 can wifli 
in this life, and where I hope to clofie 
it ; though I find it is reported, boik 
here and m England, that { am abouC 
to return. The two heavy afflictions 
I have met with here, in the death of « 
fon, and of my wife, rather ferVe to 
attach me to the place. Though deadt 
and buried, I would not willingly leave 
them, and hope ro reft with them whc« 
the Suvereifvn Difpofer of all thing* 
(hall put a period to my prefect la- 
bours and purfuiit. The advantages 
we enjoy in this country are indeed 
very great. Here we have no poor^ 
we never fee a beegar, nor is there • 
family in want. We hive no church- 
eftabliih ncnt, and hardly any taxeu 
This particular liare pays all itsofficcni 
from a treal'ure'' in the public fgndn. 
There are very few crimes committed^ 
and we travel without the lead appre* 
henHoo of dani^er. The prefs is per- 
f<6kiy free; and, I hope we fiitil al- 
ways keep out of war. I do not think 
there ever was any country in the 
world in a flate of fuch rapid improve- 
ment as this u at prefent { but we hav€ 
not the fame advan<a^ts for literary 
and philofophical putluits that yoa 
have in Earope, though even in thim 
refpe£t we arc tvery day getting be-ter. 
Many books arc now printed here*j 
but what fcholars chicfty want are ol4 
books, and thefc are n(;t to be had. 
We hope, however, that the trouble* 
of Europe will be the caufe of fendifig 
us fome libraries \ and they f^y thac 
it is aa i'l wind that blows no profir. 
I fincercly wifli, however, that your 
troubles were at an end ; and from our 
laft HCCountr> we thi'ik there muft be « 
peace, at ieuft from the impollibility of 
carrying on the war. 

With every good wi(h to my country^ 
and to yourftif, 
1 am, dear Sir, yours fmcerely, 

J. PkustletJ 

S4 Sempefta Explained. — The Jfland of Inch Keith dipjihii^ [Jan« 

Mr. U R £ A N » Cowditp JOM. I O. 

THERE ha Vie beeo various con>ec« 
turci about the woid " Scnipcc- 
Xji" I am of opini<Mi, wtth your corrc- 
fpondcnt N'r. Milner, p. 649, .tb&t ir 
is of Greek orif^inai ; and, if one msy 
T.cnture to hazard the folLowiog fup* 
pofition ahont tr, after that ^nrltman's 
ingenious explanation of ir, I would 
fuppofe it to •come from the word 
wvfji.xtiA^ a0ri;fA«is7>yf&»}Compingo,iive 
coiijungo, Che pllirai o-c^^v^x^t, S^m^ 
ffBm^ quafi coinpa£ti,conjuiiA.ii,meaa- 
sng ihofc five monks that were timted 
ig^d jotmtd fgith*^ in fuch honours and 
privileges as were confeired upon tbcm 
above che reft of tiie convent on ac- 
count of their age. Thia cofijeduie 
feems to accord very well wirh the 
found of the words, if it fhould not 
appear to be too fai -fetched with ir. 
fpe£t to the fenfe. Mr. M'lner's cx- 
pfanation of it by ovyt.'sotWt^^ fimut 
nutritus, has a referencic to their being 
brought up logttlter, winch was com- 
nuo to all the inemt>crs of the ntonaf- 
tery; but my fuppofition of ^v/iT^xloi, 
conjuoiti, al.udes r«thcr to thofc five 
leoiors who were, diicretionis caula, 
joined together in Tome peculiar pri- 
vitegts* which the reft did not enjoy. 
But, whether it he a good folucion o'f ic 
or not, that muftbe left to more com* 
petent judges in monaftic antiquuies. 
Yours, &c. J. M. 

p. S. If, on theCioyland boundary- 
ilooc next to Cowhit, there ever were 
any other names above the prefent in« 
kriptioBy how comts the vrrb at the 
bottom CO be IB xhty/mguUr ntmler /* 

Mr, URRA>r, Jan, ix. 

n["HE Ifland of Inchkeith in the 
■»• Firth of Forth, lying beiween 
Leith and Kinghorn, contains above 
50acresy and is let, lor 1 2 I. perannum, 
to John Dun : he fers the rabbets for 
3 1. per annum ^ about 300 are taken in 
a fCiilon, and are fold lor 16 pence the 
pair. Sheep arc frequently ilolen from 
the iAand. U'hen Admiral Parker's 
fleet was here in 17S1, they Hole 47 \ 
and Paul Junes, in 1779. carried qI! 39. 
On the fummit of the illand is a forii- 
Bcation, having *< Maria Reg. 1564," 
iafciibed on one of the gates, which 
anarks the «ra of us building. 

It would appear that this is the place 
which Bede, in his Ecclefiaftical Hif- 
tory^cailt Cacr Guidi, there being no 

other that will fuit the (ituatmn bo 
givcf it in the middle of the Firth o£ 
Forfhi Hi* words ara, **tranfm)«riaaa 
auiem dicitnut hat gcntea (FjAi at 
Scon) flof) quia extra Briranniam ef-' 
fent poiitae, fed quia a parte BriCQuvfii 
»ratit rtmotB, duobus fimlfvtt mark 
interjacentibutt quomm ttnu9 aborien- 
tali mari, alr^raboccidentali, Britannia 
terras longi laicque irrumpent, quam* 
vis ad fc invicem pertingerc noopofTrnt* 
Orientulis habet in medio fui Urhtm 
Ottidi, Occidentalii fupra fe habet 
Urbem Alcluith. Lib i.e. 12. Mr. 
Pennant remarks, that C'Acr ought to 
be rendered a fott or poft, and not 
urhsj a city, which the trdnilator of 
Bede has thought proper to do. 

Tbe prefent name of this ifland is 
faid to be affumed from Robeit Keith, 
who in the year 1010 diliinguiil|ed 
himfelf very highly againll the Danes^ 
who had invaded Scotland with a nu* ' 
mcrous army, at the battle of B'trry in 
Angus, where be killed with his owa 
hand Camus, general and champion of 
the Danifli army, whereby the Scota 
obtained a complete viAory. In me<* 
mt»iy of this general, a lioDC was fei 
up, called Camus't Croft at this day, 
at the place where the eagagement 
happened. In reward for his valour, 
Robert was made hereditary raarifliali 
of Scotland, and had this ifland be. 
flowed upon him, tof^ ether with the 
barony of Keith in £a(l Lothian, from 
which perhaps he aflumed his name ^ 
but It is more probable he was caUed 
Keith on account of that battle^ Ceitti 
in Erfe Signifying a battle. Some 
think Inch Keith a corruption of Inaia 
Skeoch, mifty ifland ; but this I doubc« 
The French called it H/Uda Chtv^ux^ 
from its property of fooa fattening 

How ton^ this ifland continued in 
the Keith familvi I know not 1 it 
afterwards belonged to the Lvont, 
eails of Srrarhtftore and KiDghorn. 
John, lord Glammis, lord great Chaa- 
l>erlain of Scotland, on hit marriage 
with lady Jean Stewart, daughter of 
king Robeit lid. la 1376, got from the 
king the barony of Kinghorn in Fi^ 
and it Ihould feem Inch Keith wat in/-- 
tluded in that grant. Patrick, nth 
lord Giammis, wat in 1606 created 
earl of Kinghorn, and got a charter 
under the great leal of the ifland of 
lochkeithy the patronage of Kinghorn, 
and «ther lands. For about a century 



The PttU if Inch Keith iifir^ii. 


ftftlhU ifl'talt hai Ikcli aoaeiud to tbft 
biroay ia Royftguii, ia tk« partlh of 
CnMMMf atod coMiiy 6f Edio burgh, 
whiich BOW btloagi to the duke of 
BttccloQ|h. Father Hay» in his Scotia 
Stem Mft. mcaiiooti tboty ia \^^^% 
WUKam Abhoc of the Holjr Croft 
(Holyroodhoafe)t with tht eoBfcQC of 
JtucoBYtnty «rj« loofcd from hif|>ai'- 
<oral cart by Jinet Caaon, of St. 
Vidofy the popc*t legate ia Scochnd; 
aad was i«ectcdad bjr Williim Fitc- 
owen, a man aoccd for inconflancy. 
jAfttr he hid hctn abbot for five 
yeartt in m7i he thought proper, 
allcghig hit old age, lo -rtfign bis 
charge into the hands of his ordinary^ 
and to retire to iMckititbp defiriag be' 

Jond meafurc to lend a herinit'c life. 
\nt, after he had pvtfed nine weeks on 
this tfland, and hiid found the weak- 
He fs of his bodv, he was not afhamed 
to return to bis old coevent of ijoly- 
Toodhoufe i when they a<flted him why 
* he left his heimicagOt tit anfwered 
then) in thefc two mookifh lines, foi* 
merly ufcd by a poor fcbolar t 

<2aid faciam cum nudns e9m jam prtrterit 

sftas [cgeflas^ 

Ad propriam remeare donmm jam cogic 

and not long after died mod holily. 

On the aad of September, 1497. the 
prify council tflfjed an order to the 
loagillrates of Edinborgh in tliefe 
^errns: *' It is our foveraine lordis 
wiit and the command of the lordis of 
his counXatl, fent to the proTofl and 
baillics within this burgh, that tlie 
prociamatictt folio wand be put to exe- 
cution for the efchewing of the great 
apperand danger of the infe£lion of his 
lieges f ra a contagious iicknefs caliit 
the ^rand gore, and the other grcst 
Iftaiih that may occur to his iieges and 
iohabitanct within this burgh. 

That it to fay, he charge ftraithe 
and coromadd be the auihoritie 
above*written, that all manner of per* 
ibonifl, being within the fredome of 
this burgh, qubilk are infect, and 
has bene infcdit, and uncu«it of this 
faid conugiaus plague, ca(!it the 
grand gore, devoyd, red, and pafs 
■forth of this town, and compair upon 
the faodis of Leitb at ten hours before 
none 5 and tbair fall have and find 
boiis redte in the Ha?eii ordalnit to 
cbcm be the oAciaris of this burgh« 
veddelie furaiflit with vi6kuals, to h&T« 
fL«m to the Inch (Inch Keith) thire 

iy^iTT. Mao. jMMumy, 179:. 

to remain quhill God proryde for 
their health i and that all other per- 
fonnis quhitk taks upon thame t^ 
haill the faid contagious infinnitic 
and taks the cure thereof, (hat thejf 
dcvoyd, rtd, and pafs with thama» 
fua that none of thir perfoonii^uhilk 
taks the cu<e upon thame, ufe tlio 
famyn cure within this, burgh in pre- 
fence or io peirt, nny manner of way, 
and.quha fo be is -fund in infe£lit| and 
not pa(s and to the Inch as faid is, bo 
Mononday at the foac ganging to, and 
in likfways the faid .pcrfonis that have 
the faid ^ure of fanitie upon tliam^^ 
gif thty will ufe the (amyh, they and 
ilk of thame fiiall be brynt on the 
cheike with the marking-irne, that 
they may be kcnnit in tyme to cume, 
and rlvcreafter gif ony of thame remaik 
t he V (hill be baa i (bed but favour.^' 

Til 19 ftri^l proclamation was abfb- 
Jutely necdTary to prevent the conu- 
gion of that hateful difeafe (the lues} 
from fpreadiD^ at a time when no cun: 
for it was known. A miferable fpec- 
tac e would be. exhibited on the ihor.c 
ofl^eith by the poor infilled wretches, 
covered over with ulcers, and debili- 
tated with fickoefs, einbatkiAg in the 
boats that were to tranfport <tbeai \o 
ihis inclement place. 

Pftfcottie with great fimpticify 're« 
Utcs thdt« in the year 1504, or thiie* 
Bbouts, king James IV. gsrt take a 
dumb woman, and put her into Inch" 
keiih, and gave her two voung bairni 
in company with htr, and gart furnifh 
them wit4i all oeceil'aries, de firing to 
underfland the language thir bairns 
could fpeak, when tbcy came to law- 
ful age. Some (ay they fpake.good 
Hebrew i but as to myfcif 1 know not 
but by the author's report. Hiftory 
of Scotland by Lmdfay of Pitfcoitie, 
p. 162. 

In 1549 this iiland was fbrtiBed bjr 
the Engli/h fleet, under the command 
of the duke of Somerfet: and Eve 
companies were left here commanded 
by Cottrel, 10 cover the workmen em* 
ployed about the fortifications 1 bac 
their operatioos were quickly inter* 
rupted by Monf. DtlTe, general of the 
French auxiliaries, who took the 
fort after a very gallant defence os 
the part of the Engliih. It was thctt 
Jnchkeith got the appellation of 
X«'llle des Cxtevaux. 

In 1567 an aA of parJiament wU 
made tor i^mf^^l^g tkt caftle oC 

34 Seinpcda expUinti.—7be IJknd »f Inch Keith 4*fir^ti. 

M r. t' R E A H , Cvwhu, Jan. i o. 

THEKK hive bcro vtrioui cnnjrc- 
lurit ahojt (he wniil " Sin<pce- 

fn-'udcnl iV'r. Mi'ncr, p. ft^fl, ib^t ir 
iiDfCr^tori^lnlli and, it one m:y 
TCnlure ii> ii.itaid iht InlloulD); liip- 
|ii)ritinn (boi'lii, irierihAt j!,tn>ltm3n'> 

fiippiifc ii lo .ctime fmin ihc wnid 
vvfiTaaKS^ a «ufi>il'>cr^ii compingo.rivc 
cuPJUDgu, ilic pl\]ral trtfis^ic'd, Srm- 


(I.X u-ill fuit 

the (ituM 


it in (he middl* oF the f 


. HiiwoidiBi 

n, "tMQft 

dicimui hni 



non qutl eiti 


r=rt ,> 

<>fiix, &d quill 

It wi'te B« 

remnta, dtioboi fimlfui 


icentibui, qunr 



dentil i,Bt 






'"8"* »"» 


r,Iii h.bct It) 

medio rui 


. Occideniitii 

1 futiu I'e 

tag thnfe five 

a^i jainttl Itgtibir m fuch hnnmi 

iki ihHiwere'MiW V<:\ittn Altlgiih. Lib t 

It til ihcii 

Thii conjef 

kII V 

rh ihe 


fpund iif ibe wocdi 

■ppeir 10 be too tai-Fciclitd wiili ir. 

fpea lo Ihc Tenrt:. Mr. M'Iner't cK. 

pTftnitiuri i>f it by vufiTaT-iij, finut 

xuiriiui, hua lefcrenccio their lieing 

broui^ht U(>'ogi:tlir- 


of the 


ioined itigeihcr in (ome peculiar pti- 
Yilegil, which •'■- -" '-^ 

Eul, wheiliii 

I fitui r<iluiion o'l It 

uAI>elert tomore com- 

in motiiflic ■nriquitics. 

J. M. 

IT not, that 
{■CICDC jud» 

P. S. If.«n thecVoyl.nd beundii'v ^^J 
flone i>M. to Co»lHi, iher» win "'"''' ' 
an^ other nioiet ibove the prtlcnt io' 
feiipiioM, how fomii the irib Rt ihi 
town M (k in iht^iijjiior nmfrtr t 

be lendeied a Foit ur puA, l 
v-''i, a city, which the irjnfl, 
Bcctc bai thought proptt to do. 
The preftni nam* of thit .it 
faiil to be jfTumcd From Rubeit 
wl,« in the jtuT loio ditlioj 
himFilFvcrf hi^htv J}:.iiiiit the 
who hid inTAded ScmUnd with 
mcroiis irtnf, at the l>iiiile of 11 
An^uj, where he killed wiib t 
hind Cimut, general and cham 
th( D^mni irmy, uhcreby ihi 
uhiJiiied 1 cunirltie viaary. 
mt'ij oF ibii general, a Qddc 
up, called Camui't CrnFi at th 
■t the place where the e>gai 
liajipentd. In Tcn'ird fur fail ' 
Riibert wa« made heredirarjr m 
«F Scciiland, and hid thU ilUl 
lofteiher w 
Eall LochUi 

1 upon bim. 

}■ uFKciih it 

which perbapt he alTiin 

t hi> 

Mr. URnAf. Jan. ii. 

I^ME ]n«iid of Inchkeiih lu itit 
Finh ciF Taith, lying beiween 
Leiih and Kinghorn, cootiini above 
50icrci, and \\ Ici, lor ii L perannuni, 
to JnhD Dud : he Fei> ihc Mbbtti t<>T 
jl. per annum j about scoateukiH 

Keith Di 

in Eric ff!niF)ing a baitlf. 
Thirik Inch Keiih a corrupt ioa s 
likrnch, miliy illinU-, hut thill 
The Irtitch called Kt'iffAta 
Frum ill propeiiy nt Joan U 

»rd> bcf" 

■ the' 

of S'raihMoie and K^ 
» iMiun, and an loii) loi tr> pence ilic John, lord UUinini>,loidgm|| 
pair. ShEep lie rnquenily Aalan Fram Deflaiit nf SeoiUnd, od hil A) 
■he illand. Whin Ailiiiiril PaikVi tvith lady Jean Siiwan, dnf£ 
Ant ivai hi'ii in 17S1, ibcf K<itc47 i Iudk K«bu(IId. in n;6, eotti 
aadPuul 17?^. un>ed4lf JO- ' — "" "- --■-'•■-'■ — 

kiDU ihi buony of ILniahiiriij 
a/tit* UiuuM Iccm lacli Rei|hj 
■ludtil IH ih«[ grant. PdnJ 


p6 Remarkable Ttfcrtpuon in Burnt lfland» — The Royal Navf. [Jan, 

punbar and the fort of Incblceith, to from Gillie ambition, Dutch perfidft 

prevent their beine of any ufe to an or Spaoifli terpiverr«tinn. 

enemy. The forcifi cations here were Beini; fo circumflanced, the other 

difmantled in purfuancethceof; mucky eveninf^, at to be alone, and without 

however, dill remainc, at the writer any other book, by which I could be- 

obferved, on the iSth of July, 1789, guile a (blitary hour, 4han the one aU 

urhcn be paid a vifit to Tnchkeith. On i-eady alluded to (the monthly produc- 

a Oone in the Nonb wjll thereof, I tion of ihe naTigation warehoufe) ; X 

obferved the royal arms of Scotland, a received from it no fm^ll amul'ement» 

lion rampant fupported by two uui- not only in obfcrvmg the number of 

corns, wtth *< Maria Reg. 15614." our fh^ps, but in makmj^a few remark's 

|n a valley declining to the South, on the names, 6y which they are iodi^ 

to tbe Weft of the fortrefs, is a romb- vidually diAin^uiflied. 

fione with tbisinlcription onihc North 

Quantula funtliomiiiom ^oipnlaila. 
pur warlike (htps and fat'.ors brave 
Could not from deaih the tyrant favc 

It is only the 'utbiJUUg of a 
fays one of our poets; bur, though a 
name is *f^x et pr^tena mibiif yet it is 
frequent. y of confequence to a Biitifli 
feaman, who will fometimcs prefer a 
ihip on account of this nominal diflinc* 
tion. I ci'utd wilb, therefore^ that 

Who fcorn'd their Arc ngth tliroush walls r^'^^,^^^- 1 u c ^ •_ 

r . ft ♦• a . lome attention was pa»d, bjth to the 

He forc'd ^rpoifonou-; fhafts aboard'. P'^'i^d 'ccs * and litermrf tmUHts of ouf 

' Thi5 (^onc &c. is crc(f>e • by one in *f"' ''''**' •«'« ^^ ^"'" perplexed la 

BURNTISL^ND—MAY ^"^ pronunciation of Greek and Ro- 

i-j^l'* O^^n namcif that they oUcn altsr them. 

The South fide of this flone is thus in- in'a burieCque mannei, 10 terms whic(\ 

fcribcd :- »rc more familiar to tbcir ears, fuch 

"TEMPUS VOLAT IRREVOCABILE. »8 the Ati houfe for ^^lus, Ei^zs mmd 

•Ah hoc memento pendet aetemit?s. 
Jhis h to inftirm that feme Petty Officers 
: and a good many Seamen beUmgmg to 
the Egmont and Suffolk men of war, 
of Tif gunS| are interred bore ; who died 
in June and July 178 1, a(ter a long ar^d 
iJckly voyage from th.^ Wcft-Indics, with 
i fleet bound fnr ENGLAND. 

Mr. U R B A N , Chatham^ Die 1 o 

SYEEL's Lift <>f ilie ftoyal N-vy 
fecms, at p'refent, to be the n)ade 
taecum, not only of the feamln, but of 
the landfrnsn. As the gener^ topic 
tf crtnvfctfation U our Jtips and our 
men \ and as, in all doubifal cafes, we 
refer'to this nautical manual for infor- 
mation, it may be truly called our 
pockii'Companie4, If is a publication, 
ivhich ivould prob.ibly lie confirfcre'd 
' as impolitic, were it not f^f ihc difplay 
it' affords of our manrimc ftrcngth, 
both \viih r*1'pc^ to the fizc, as well ^s 
numbc> of the (hips, which confi.iuie 
dit marine force J aii oLjcft, it is t-ue, 
Cif terror tl) our cntrncs, but of /'itir.- 
fa^ion to D'itf^ns;" finde from this 
ifoufcc 'atone h tVc we'deiivcd our na- 
tional importance'. Whiift, iRcrcfork, 
we pr^ferveour vj90:ftvtvaiht and our 
in^n lave biartt of oak, Oi ix/eit as cur 
fi's/r/^Siz fliali hi^c nothui^ to fear 

Bitcon for Agmmtmnunt <iod Pot Famom 

ior Polypbemm, Theorthoepy of French 

names emb-^rralfcs thepi as much ; 

but a fufficient excufe, m this refpe6V,' 

may be made for our Admiralty fpon- 

fors^ as it is a national pri<fe to retain 

the names of the ihips which have 

been captured : ;tnd thefe make no, 

fmall appearance in our naval Nomenm 

ilmiurf. Yet we find in our faitors the 

r«mc difpofition to aoglic>fe them ; as, 

the Bonny Pbeefaat for BienfarfaHt, the 

fi§r/e'jfbee for LOi/fau, and ITil/j, as 

an abridgement of A7/.V «/# Partj ; or, 

if 00 capricious change lUike thtijc 

fancy, they always articulate every let- 

tei in a French wcrd, thus, Be/ie PouU 

IS pronounced 'Beiiy Poufy, But it it 

not our common tars only, who com« 

roit blur)dtrs of this kind: their ofii'« 

c'ers d'ffer with rtlpc£t to the fyliablc 

in fome names, on which ilie accent 

fh uld be placed. '!"hus, for * Terp- 

si'cborCjTivT'l Jnc, and Amplinn/we 

have • TerpsTclio c, Tiiipnone, and 

Amp» i3n. 

It is obvious to etcry examiner of 
the lift of our Royal Navy, many 


* I remember, when the Ramillics was 
fitiiti out at C 'At ham this w;ir, tliat fome 
fcam«n lefiitcJ u» enter on-Wurvl of he.r, 
lirc;iufe two fhipb of th:.t nimc had keen' 
fi>Tn»«!rly loft. ' • 



*^97* 1 pMorlsin ihi Names of Ships /Vr ih Rcy'alNavj* t^ 

tppellatioRt hive been borrowed from iiAioes, it not honoured with an Jp§fU* 
th« hiftory, both true and fabulous, of efis. 

the antientt, at weli at from their 
mythology. That the names of the 
great heroes and warriors of antiquity 
2iou}d*bc thus appropriated is not mat- 
ter of Airprize, becaufe thev are fovindt 
of foroe ifclat ; and the aAori them* 
feiTes had m^de no little noife in the 
world by their martial exploits : but 
tbAt we ihouid gire a degree of cele- 
brity to atl she notorious courtezans 
and libenines of old, with the Ciras, 
SfTimtf and other panders of fenfuality 
and licentioufnefsy fefems, in fome 
meafure, to be paying homage to vice. 
Not fatisfied with human, beings, we 
have impreffed into our fervice all the 
monfters of thofe fabulous times, fuch 
ai, the Minotcur, Ct^ttaur, Ctrberus, 
Hydra, and Harfif. And though the 
gods and godde4«s of the Fagins hare 
been hurled from their Olympian 
thrones, yet we have made them, in a 
roaooer, our titular divinities, as if 

The Pagan deities were entirely f>eg«* 
leded by our anceftors : for, thougit 
towards the condufion of the laft cen«> 
tury the fliips of the Royal Navf 
were numerous*, yet but one wat 
deified ; and that honour was conferred 
on Neptunif as being fovereign of the 
Tea. But, in a triumphal fong, coin* 
pofed on the occaHion of a great na^al- 
viAory, he is faid to have refigned t6 
the Britifh monarch bis Tridtnt and 
his coiral throne. We And, however^ 
in (he nautical regifters of paft timet^ 
that fdme refpef^ was paid to Sl,Am^ 
drrWj St, Dmvid, and Si. dfr^i : the 
laft is ftili retained, nor, perhaps, on;' 
account of his piety, buc becaufe he ' 
had been a fighting*man, and killed'' 
the dragon. 

The next feries bf tiamcS is taken 
from qualities, Which imply valour 
and bravery, fuch as, Firmn/mSkf Fic^ 
forioMj, ImvincibU, Irrf/tftibUt Im^' 

we ware dire£^ed by their counfels, and frtgHMbU, Intrepid, &e. Thefe may 

fought un<ter their aufpices. Thus, 
we have MiMirv^t to ft,'\vc wifdom to 
our plans; Mars and BtUona, to con- 
dud our warlike operations ; Ntptum, 
to pilot our (hips i and Jupiter, to llnke 
our enemies with coofufion, by his 
cbunderbnlcs, provided we can fecure 
the favour of'jutio, that gieat terma- 
gant of the (kics, who, by fcolding or 
coaxing, Teldom failed to procuie the 
alliftance of the father of gods and 
men. But other nations have paid a 
iimilar refpe^l to the Heathen deities, 
by giving their names to fome of their 
Ihips. And Catholic countries, not 
content with the calendar of Pagan^ 
have had- recourfe to that of Papal 
Rome, for appellations, and have 
ere&cd the ilandards of their Sa:n*t, 
fonie of whom, however, have been 
obliged to change their banners, and, 
as it appears in our naval chrooicles, 
tq fight on the fide of Heieiics, who 
have conquered thofe, whom Sitao* 
himfeif. in his vaiious conflicts, could 
not fubdue. But we, preferring the 
Fsniheon to the Bible, ha^enken from 
the lad only Stimp/on, and Go/tab ; 
and thefe, 1 fuppolc, for no other rea- 
fon than becaufe they were llrong 
men ; mrhereas the flriplibg Da*iiidt 
who conquered the giant of the Phi- 
■ * ■ ■ ■ 11 

^ Id the ** Lives of the Romiih Saints" 
ans related tbirir perfonal comeA^ with the 

probably be called braggmdoiioi which, 
fay our moralifts, is not tne chaia£te« 
rillic of true courage, that *vauMttb mi • 
itftlf\ as, in fa£t, the epithets, ^^ith 
are thus applied to the fhips^ mud, b)r ■ 
a metonymy, be transfened to the 
officers and men, who navigate abd 
fight them, they being of themfelvee . 
but palFive machines, though power* 
ful Avhen a£led upon and ul2d as 
engines of war. The attachment o£ 
{i\\ox% to their (hips, it is well known^ 
often proceeds from the peculiar qud* 
lities of the la(V, wh<ch they will ce« 
]ebra:e with as much wartiith' ai a 
lover extols the charms of his miflrefi. 
Thus, S'wift {whtnct Siw/r/ttn) foi 
the name of a faft-failmg ih p, aUd . 
ImpregttahUf for one whofe timbi:rs arc 
found, or of a laigc fcaotliug, may be 
allowed as (ignificant terms; And \f. 
mi|;ht be no mifnomertocall one^ ricK* 
ly decorated, the Magmifjcgnt^ Suptrb^ 

♦ It appears fiOm a Rcix)rt of the State 
of the Navy in i6ii4, pubh(befl in the i ilh 
Vol. of the Archseologia, thai it confifted 
of 105 ikips.of the line, n frigates, .i6 
Uoop , and 9 fmaller ones. But, at thjit 
period, fourtli-rates, .ts low as 44 guns, 
were confiilered as (hips of the lino ; where- 
as now only third- rates have that defigna* 
tioii) and ^veii (liips of 64 guns are ex* 
eluded. By comparing the above i\ate- 
meiit Willi tlic number of thips which at 
pret'ent con dilute the Britifh Navy, iis in- 
creafc will appear almolt iacivUvhlc. 


III tU Vamtt tf Ships in tbe Xijal Navf. { J'air. 

Mtdftfikf or lllttfriau$\ but* as tbcfe 
nimeiareindifcriniinately given with- 
out regard to peculiar aglUcyy flrength, 
or orDsmcDti there appears to ba no-' 
tiling analoeout in tbcdeaomioatioo. 

lo the &KLt fenfe that we ofe ae 
jproper aamas* the attributes which 
mply valour and bravery, we alfo 
denote tbe approximait ^ircitei, at 

the feit>cioiii and vt^arlike difpofltioa 
nf thofe tenants of the foreft. Tlie, 
figure of the fisft gracFaily ornamented^ 
if '\f can be called an ornanenty the 
heads of oor ihips. This, afterwards, 
gave place to devices emblematical oF 
the names. Hut, as this part of naval 
fcalpture isdifcontinued, and a fcroll is 
now ufed inftead of a firgure, our ar- 

FwriHadi and Rrfilutwt^ In the naval- tifts in that line will be deprivtd of an 
fftgifttr of Janes i. we mce^ wiib^ ibme opportunity of exercifmg their ingc- 
jrica where there is a coajunf^ion of nuity. 

■ ''" ' "' There it a fbrt of aptitude in namei 

which have been borrowed from the 
pifcatory tribe/ becaufe ihey occupf 
the fame region as our fhipt. Th^' 
Lifn^ham, drMmpus, Shmrk, and other 
raonftersoftfae deep, fv^imthe oceaa 
with their fynonymous navigators. The 
NmutilMi^ though a fmall teltaceousfi(b». 
is very happily chofen, becaufe it is a 
reprefentation, in mintnure, ofalktp^ 
and, perhaps, menfi 

Learnt of the little Na t^lustofail, 
Spread tRe thin oaiv a^d oatcb the dK* 
ving gale. Fop a. 

A (Tmilar apology may be made For* 
the Ornithological race ^ the fpreading 
canvas havin^f been compared to the 
wii^s of birds; both are the inftru- 
ments of Bight, one in the water, the 
other in a thinner ffuid, the air. BVrt 
P cannot pUad the fame indulgence for 
the reptile tribe, fuch at the ¥lfir^ 
Siorpiont Strpent, SpUir, &c. 

The names' of winds, ooeaas> feg^^. 
and rivers, are alfo analogous. We 
have, therefore, the rough Bcrem and 
the gentle Z^pfy^* Due honour haa 
been paid to the O^ms in geneial ; but 
r do not perceive that any one in oaiw 
titular, or any fea, has beep dlltin-^ 
gyifhed. The Atlantic, Pacific, a^ 
Mediterranean, are deferring fome at- 
tcntion. Inftead of the river gods, f 

riven them* 

adfedivet and fubftanttvee, as Af^# 
ff«M«rt, DueSiifpea, the Wlrit€ Bemr^ 
and R^ Lkm. The twolaftt mentioned 
Ikipfy having probably been diftinguilh- 
ed in a fea> light, furoifiied a hint, to 
the Btm/mcH of thofe days, to prefix 
the names of thtm to their tavern figns, 
which have been continued by their 
fucccflbrs. We find alfo, in the fame 

NtSJLfkp which compound and uniient 
appellatioot hava been piefcrved totbia 

* But, Ht \f the godfathers of o«ir navy 
had exhauftrd thtir budfict of nominal 
fpecifications, they have fometimes had 
reeourfe to the vices and evil qualities; 
fuch aa the Rt^ngi^ P^gtgimna, Ttr* 
tm^gMMi, Akdmci$aiif Ai>w9gtmtf and /«- 

Tht next moft 'confiderable clafs of 
names ia taken from animals, tcrref- 
trialf aquatic, and aiSfial. The L/av, 
Ttgtr^ 'Ziwpmrdt HjMMs, and EUpbsmt^ 
were piobably choicn on account of 

* By prefixing the deAnite article to ad* 
Jeeves and fubftantives, denoting quali- 
ties and viKiies, and ufiDg them feparaiely 
a« proper names, and alfo to proper names 
themfelvt»i we follow tlie idiom of tlic 
Prench l<iQCuage more than our own. But 
there is evidently an ellipfis, which may be 

ilias fupplicd. The Itlufiria4s mentu the 

JHIuftri()ii*y&>» though perhaps, for the reaw would reeommcnd the 

fun before ailigned, the quality may not< 
llri£lly corpeffHrnd. The for///K/r, or the 
yMtxofiJer, implies the (hip called Fortitude,' 
or tJie ftiip called Alexander. 

f Archxoldgia. But in fome old caki!il 
MSS. I have f(ite» this written fitere binary 
by which we am pwbably to underftaud 
ionour only. Y ct this Tsay oot be cofifidered 
»s a fuffident ftimuluv. Not that 1 mean 
to derogate from the merits of our OfHcers 
and fcamen^ wlio liave often bravely f aught 
where fliers i&offcu/r was -to beobtauicd; yet, 
as in the/or/i/ffr ^war, their lot may be a 
'yfoodtn leg, or (to ufe a O|ilor*s phrafe) Davy^ 
Jtrui'tlocktrt it is but faii'to^give them Che 
chance of a foldtttcbaim^ Hence ttie vadue 
vf their captures is divided amoHft ih«m» 

felves I a few of which have been al- 
ready felcAed, as the ^fbamiSf Stm* 
mmy ASedwajt, ffis, SrvifM, Tamer, a'ad 
Cfyiit, But the king of rivers, com* 
plimcnted with only a frigate, fcems 
to be placed too I2>\v in our naval fcale.' 
And not long ftncc he wat (hern of all- 
his glory, and was forced into t4ie fcr- 
vice of his inveterate foe *, who th^at- 
eitf to invade his opulent' domamt y 
but, as he is again tributary to the king 
of ifltts, we wul not augur bad of Fa- 
ther Thames, on wh(3e banks fang 

# The Thanses frigate vras taken by the 
French ia i79j> and retaken in 1796. 


I79T*I Ktmsrii m tH Namgs pf Shipf in ihi Jtiyf Navf^ t§ 

tfccl«v«dnt« of the KiBe» who'thuft 
cckbractf ktQi ia hif rmmorui fong : 

Thour foo» grval Father of ihe Brititli 
floods I 

WHb joy fulpr iJeforvey 'ft oor lofty woods. 

Where Cow'riog oaks their growing ho- 
nours rear, 

And fntura natries on tSijr (hores appear. 

Koc Neptune's felf firom all her ({reams 

A wesUbicr iribut^ tbao tothiu^hegives. 


The vtoiet «f volcanic mouauiasy 
at jSiMM and FtfmvitUf ba?e been given 
M bombs { buc are appoiite caougb to 
may other cUU of flsipti 

— — whoie combuflible 
And foelM entrails thence conceiving fire, 
Soblim'd with mineral hirf , aid the winds. 
And leave a (infed botcom all involve 
With fteoch and fijooktr Milton. 

Wheal coa6dered ia this point of 
▼iew» from ^hofi? fides proceeds the 
caonon's rojr, they may be juflly called 
the nmmdiftr, ^nmimdous, or T«rri- 

Topographical namet were formerly 
aore auended to than at prefent y of 
which the kingdoms, countict, cities, 
and lowBSt of Oreat Britain and Ir^- 
Jaod, weuld fupply a copioas vocabu- 
lary. We have adopted a few \ the 
■loft refpedabie of which ^n BriismMsa^ 
m ^ rmi mf aad CskduMu But of prov 
TibciU oajDes we have aot retained 
maay. The dock-yarda ^, at bcin£ the 
maaufaAoriesofouraavy* iiould^otd 
mo. inconftdcrable rank i and yet» pan- 
dozicai at it may appear, Ponfmouth 
aad FJymoutk* the iwo principal are 
withbttt a (hip. Heae I would drop a 
hUii to our marine mtoii^cr. If it 
Iboald ever be neetflary to obbge the 
eouqtry to raife a cefisia number of 
men for the fta-icrvice (which haa ia 
fbme degree been adop-cd this "war), 
they Biaght bt induced to eotcr them* 
klvcs fur a (h>p, beariog the name of 
she coimty or city in which they were 

The names of fqme of our ikips are 
iateaded to commemorate the places 
where the Britilh arms have .canqiiei" 
cdff fuch a« Jtgimaurt, BU*btfm,3ic<l Ka* 
mUUis. I coifid wi(h to fee this clafs 

^ Tiic utility of ducks hat been npticed, 
bf a Roman poet, in the cwpftfi>Howiiig 
lo oava ducuntur quiflie navalia pupper 
^CUmeio in medtis Jiflvlvantur aquis. 
-^ Oy»d. Tr4itlib.iv. EL8.' 

of aamcr esteaded to tkofe iflaftdi^ 
coafts, promontories, or bays^ sear 
which our moft cdebrated viftori^ 
have been gained. Aad, as aa adere 
duMf I would recommendy that tJkm 
names of our moft faovous aavi^^aibaiy*, 
admirals, aadcaptaiaa, (hould beoviia 
to our (hips. Of this kind we iNkf!^ 
only oa record the Drmke^ 
Rmjkilf and vls/te-ra thwtt^Coik,^ 
feveral others which might be eBiA«» 
ttoned, would be an oroarocM to nkm 
litt i and it would be conferring a ictt 
of moaumeotal fame, i would 
all the heroes of the .Iliad, with 
Alcxaader, and Hannibal^ f«r Br4 
worthies *. 

Some names have been derived 
political Cireots. In the old lifts ww 
meet with the C$mm$m'Uf€Miih, whtdi 
continued during the Froce&orace^ 
then. Da the acccflion of ChaHee. li,». 
witln the Riijfdl O^k, RMjhrsti^M, ao4 
Hsppy Rtturm and, after the (ievoliiiT. 
tioo, wiih the Ropmi Willism^ aa4 
Fritue afOra»g4, We bare sow iho 
Rnu/nAttik, as a compliment to tW 
fainily who were caUed to the «hpe«^ 
of theie kingdoms; and mon: imii^ 
vidual honours have beea (tace pasA 
them. The Briti(h Soverelge and hJB 
Confoct (hould of right take the prece. 
deocy. This mark of rcfped haa bcem 
alwaye paid to-'he reigning Moaarch. 
from the Grut Harrj to the JC^pf 

* To whom may be applied the umeda 
of Horace :— 

Nautseque per omne 

Audaces mare qui currunL Sat. I. i, 

f It is a curious remark, that we fpeid^ 
of (hips indifcriminately in the feminioe. 
gender, though to many of them are glvca 
nufculioe names ^ In all official curre* 
fjpondcQce, the perfonai prontnin of the 
feminine gender is ufed when v.e woul^ 
avoid a repetition of the name of the ihi|a 
to which it refers. But I have obferved 
an exception to this rule in Admiral Par* 
ker's Letter to the Admiralty, «|ated the 
6th Aaguft, 1781 i in which he details a» 
account of his action with the Dutch fleeC 
He applies the mafculine preuoun bis re« 
fpe^lively to the Bicnfiifant and fiuff^dK. 
Yet after wards, in a potUcript, he ufu.the 
feminii>e pronoun^', in relating fome cir^ 
cumftance with relpcuit to a Duich mm* ^ 
9itar, this appellative, not i\ye proper name^ 
being ufed. ^uppofing the vax^Jbip to jba 
underftoud, yet, in our language, like all 
other names of ina,p'matc obje^ it ia 
aeiUicr nufGuliiie. mi tcmiaioe. bui^ uaa^ 


09 ifoffiis of Publijhtrs df marked Catalogues o/JSooth [ Ja(f« 

As our mariners ^irtGt their courfe 
through* the oceun by obfervit|on$ on 
t^e h^ivenly bcdic«, it m ghi not be 
improper to borrow (bme names from 
flfaeft celeftiil objeSs. Two conftcHa- 
tions» the Oriom and the T*wsns {Pyia^ 
des ^nd 0riji€s),hivc been diflinguiflied. 
I woald honour the P$iar Star, and 
rcAore the M«m to the plaee which (he 
held m the leign of Jimes, where there. 
Waf not only a (hip of name, but 
snutber called the St^uen Stars (ihe 
PisMes), And as France had its 
Moyai SoUilt vvhich Democracy has 
lately eciipCed, let the Royai SuH iitu- 
mioaie the M of rhe Royal Navy. B. 

Mr. Urban, Jom* 8. 

TO the iill of bookfcllers' maiked 
caialqguts, in. your vol. LVIII. 
p. IC65, \ot. LXLV. p.. 897, and voU 
LXV. p. 84J, add the following : 

London BooKseLLERS. 
Jiirahsm, Crijfin-Jlreet^ Sfital fieUsy now 

rcni«>ve^t to ChiiwcU-ftrcet. 
Arrowfmithf T. Middle Rvtu, Uolb^rn, 1796. 
wt/6, hJttlt Tovjer-jireetf removed. 
Mayrust H^I/ium, fatfr'n^er-rnw. 
CHifmanf Hetpyy OU Round Court, 1787. 

Meilical library of a geiitleman de- 
II • ■ ' ■ — CbAttdoi-Jlreetf Coifcn^'gar- 

1795 Library of P. Hohler, by auAion. 
CklHtt urtd Cbafmanf No 27, Sn^n^bt'll. 

t783*lnchiihng 300 volumes of tra^^s, 
coUe£)«U by Dr. Mead. Remain- 
der i796.> 
■■I ■*> yobn-jiteety Oxfwrd'toad. 

I79t Cheyney, dean of Winchefter.. 
Cutbell, M'uUUe Raw, HoiUrn, 
DtrOis, Ldsiyer. 
1782 Mr. Edward SouihweU^ rej^or of 
Aftetleyj and VViliram Jones, 


ThigbtovyJ. Ihlhf.ritf 1790. 
£ihifarM, P.i!l-Mall. 

1796 John Smeatocn 

Uomilton and Co. Beecb-Jlnef, near Cbifvfe/I- 

Itirbertf J. Gr^at RuffeU-peety 1795-^. 
Ill' ychn'Jitcetj Tcttifibum-couri^roady 

Khig, T, N:io Broad'peety 1 781, 83, 86, 

■ ■ ■■ Lxnvir Moor fields, 1780, 81. 

Anthony Purver, tian/iator cf the 


lex ; therefore, in conformity to the Enp- 
lifh id:om, which| it kas been obfervrdy 
follow^, with regard to genders, Che order 
of nature more than fev«rahn(Hl*frn tongues, 
xtfttt would bctnorc propriety in ufiwfi tho 
px'onoun it. 



Laciingtoft, jUhrty ind Co. Temple of the 
Mufcs,.F//?/&</ry» 17^6, 97. 

Murray^ Fleet -fiictt. Me<}ica1, &c. 

Offufy George, PoJiefH-ro^Uy Towa-biUy 1794* 

Payne, TIkuhas,. 
1773 Thomas VVhatelcy, and John Wal- 
lace, efqr . 

1780 The fine Itdlun libi*ary of M. Phe- 


1 78 1 Montague North, D. D. and ^]r. 

George Andrew's, of Wells ; and at) 
eminent phyfician. 
1796 Thomas LJnyd, of Briflol; Mr. 
Taylor, of Bath. 

Hon. Sir John Evelyn, barf. Edw. 
Spelnnaii, efq. tranflator of Dio- 
nyfius and Xenophon ; Rev. Dr.- 
Hu(bands, of Horkrfly, in Elfex ^ 
and valuable books of prints and 
architeAure of- a general ofiicer 
in Albemarle-ltreet ; and, among 
the Engliih hiftory, upwards of 
aeoo fcarce tradts, bound in 350 ' 
volume?. 1 
Stacty Micbaet, Priftee^i Stre^y Lelcifief'^ 
Jquafe. ^t^ 

1796 Mr. Herbert's pamphlets. V 
HaJkery Pa/er-Mofter'tow. 
1786 Dr. Plumire, P.R.S. Regius Pro-, 
fcffor of Botany, Carobiiiige. 
Wbitf, B.andy» 1 795, 96. 

Country Booksellers. 

yVlen, ycbn, Hereford. 

1786 Rev. Mr. Evan^, cadon of Here- 

ford; R«»v. Mr. Baines, rtdlor of 

Upton' upon Severn. 
Peatrt:ffty Ricbardy Norwich, 1789. 
Bootb,. Afartin, Norwich, 1782. 
Btijivioi /#i7//om, fuccelfor to the late S. 

Smith, Canterbury. 
17 Mr. Becket, Surgeon, late of Sot- 

tingham ; Mr. Mapletoff, for- 

geon, late of Barham } and of a 

pcmleroan l;ii«ly left this county. 

Collisy NatbunUiy and Co. • KcCteiing. 

1789 Rowland Hunt, D.D. 
Deck, Pbilip, Buiy. 
1789 Rev: Mr. Harraer, of Wattcsfield, 



Dtc^vry, yohn, Dtrby. 

1787 Richard Lowe, ofLocko, efq. 
FlacktQft and M'trrat/e, Canterbury. 

1787 Rev. John Duncombc, M.A. vicaf 
of Heme, re^rrof Sr. Andrew's 
and Sr. Mary Biedman, and fix 
preacher of the cathedral church 
of Canterbury. 

1789 Rev. Mr. Aii A]Jfi, of Canterbury f 
and the mufical part of n yery 
judicious colledgr, dcccafed. 

1785 A nobleman ; fcvcral clergymen.' 

1764 Rev. Mr. Hall, cf Harbleuown % 
Rev«Jylr. ApAcy, of Ripple. 

^7^7'] • If^^f^ ^f PM/bers ^ marked Catahguti of B^ohm j^ 

i768 Rev. l>r. Geekie» prebenJiry of 
C'Uitertmry \ Rev. Mr. Valavin*, 
of PreClon ; Rev. hlr, Tv \\Cy uf 
St. Laurence; Rev. Mr. BuQce> 
ofSandford; Mr. Halford, accor- 
ney at law, mid auditor to the 
dean and chapter of C^terhnry ; ' 
and 2» eminent furgton j all de- 

U^rrU, W, Stamford, 1789. 

htiand^ J. Leiceftcr- 

Lelwtdf Atm, Le'cefteTi 1790. 

Utig^t 7. CuidfuTil. 

Henry Hili> tiq. WioJibr herald of 
1774 Robert Mitchell, M.D. of Guild- 

Scon, Edward^ ExelCf. 

SvatttUiuU yihtl^ facceffor to Score. 
1781 Rev. Mr. Hurral, piebend of Exo- 
icr; Rev. Mr. Bringloe, re^or 
of Bratton Fleming; Rev. Mr- 
Granger, vicar of iVithy combe. 

Alarfrartt, widoW of Abel, 1 788. 

Tffeymam, IVilliam^ book feller, flationer, 
map and print feller, to his royal 
hign9ri> ihe dake of York, in 
the Minftei^yard, York. 

-TkatfAwrn, W. andL ffbwlyer, Cambridge. 
1761 Thomas Cf^apmin. D.D. late mafr 
ter of' St. N^a: y Magdalen college, 
and prebend • f i>urham ; Ro- 
bert Bland, ufq^. late vipe«provo(t 
of King's college ; Francis Saw- 
yer Harry, D. D. late mailer of 
Sidf>ey Suffcx college ; Rev. Mar- 
tin Barncsy B. D. ft:llow of the 
fame ; and a coUe^ion of capital 
claffics, imported from Holland. 
1765 Rev. Mr. Ward, reflor of Hick- 
ling Nottinghamfhireiand Fallow 
of Queen's college ; Rev. Mr. 
FowcTi feiijor fellow of Trinity 
college, and vicar of Frampcon ; 
93nd the mott valoable part of the 
library of the Rev. Mr. Arnold, 
tt6iiir of Tharca{l4\|), in Leice(- 
terfhire, late fellow of Emanuel- 
coUege, and author of tlie learn- 
ed commentary on part of the 
btx^ks of the Apocrypha. 

Xc^U, 7. arJ H. Sotb^afiy York. 
1772 Rev. and leurued Chriftophcr Ste- 
phen t^ n, A. M. rc^or of Raw- 
marfh;'Sn«l Charles Eyre, pliy- 
ficiitn, at Doncaftcr. 

TcJi/, J. York. 
1786 Dr. Cnambcrs, ofHulI. 
178?, 1796. 
Ty^mut, S. Noittngliam. 
i7g'6 R«v. and learned James Mawer, 
late fellow of trinity -cuilegt^^ 
Cimbridge. ' ' ' 

Wdfw and Spirtce, York, 1790. 

1769 Thomas Lidderdale, M. D. phyii* 
cian, at Lynn ; Joiin Stedmaii 
D. D. archdeacon of Kqrfolkj 
Robert Undjri*wo()d, attorney ap 
law, lowrt of Lynn j {lev. M^ 
Ma*kin, reftor of G; eat Tiiom* 
ham, Suffolk ; Rev. Mr. Lodges 
re^or of Moulton, tincolnfhire^ 

I77X Roger North, cfq. of Roogha«i| 
R ev. Mr. King of Feltwell. 

1789 Rev. Mr. Geor^ ; Mr. Breretoa| 
Mclfrs. Heard and Btckwith. 

1779 Michael Styleman, efq-. of Snettifir 
ham. ' * 

If'iMuU fyiUimm, Lincoln. * ' . 

^•bdyer, y. Cambridge; 

177* Dr. R uiher forth, archf^e^iqon of E(^ 

fex, and King's Proftfllur of Di« 

vinity in the univcrfity of Canu 


ffoclmer, S, Exeter. ' 

178S Rev. John Bedford, of Laiinceftod^ 

Mr Urban, 

Banks of ibf Tofp 
OSl. as, 1796. 

YOUR Magnz'ne for September bM 
only now reached me in this rer 
more corner. X obferve in it, 'p. 752^ 
R. Y's thoughts on the diiferenr copper 
coins and Jctfons which have fo abun* 
dtntly iflTucd of late year* ftiur private 
mints ; and as, at Icaft, the futuri imw 
prtvtmtnt of the defigns and formit oJE 
thefe pieces is a confuieratioa of more 
imponaftce than, perhaps this conceited 
gentleman may think, I Icfe no time in 
communicating to you fucli reflections 
as occur to me 00 his curiou*> paper* 

Of what importance is it to ynur re* 
fpc£tab1e readers, Mr. Urban, to lear9 
that R. Y. thinks hinifeif abi>ve writing 
on the fubje/Tt he' has chofcn ?<— an UB» 
pleating idea, which he impolttelf 
prcHits on his readers. He is afhamed 
to ** confefs \\\t labour he has taken \f^ 
it ;** fays, his «* hand is tired ;"-atid ufet 
other cxpretTioos of frigid dilguft, which 
fo ill accofd with the dole and ke^n 
attention which his various remarks 
difcuvtr his having paid to thefe mat<p 
ters, as to evince his languai^e to b^ 
the offspring of 00 fm-all decree of 
aff elation. 

R. Y. appears to have taken up hif 
pen when in a very peeviih bumour^ 
ihe grievances, however, which he 
compiaius ol nviy be reduced to foufn 
which, I hope, h^ will permit me (o 
detail thus : * 

• i. A degraded copper coii^age \^y 
poleJ on the public. 

2. Expcnce of coIle£liog (hcfe piec«« 

^ OtfitwUt0^s 4m ihi genuine mmd firgti Prmndal CUtNt. [Jan. 

3. Political jcttofiS, finitX with iofi- 
Mn imentions. 

4. Wbrkmtdfliip and defignt of many 
<■§ tticm rude, puerile, tnd on worthy of 

The firft of thefc rrih certainly exifts 

^ibmc provincial coins, by their beiog 
rjgedyMid pieces fimilarto them1>eiog 
cmrefftothe public, of a redncfd weigHc, 
md Mb metal ; other paltry pieces, 
^ pnyable every where," are brought 
IWtIk M halfpence, though not worth 
firthtng5. I belitve, bowcTer, that, in 
tbeaC^narl pia£tiee of (mall exchange, 
tiiit saof trifiinf^Vxtent, when compared 
Mth tfie prodigious quantities of iMffe 
cobper cnrrency ifTued by fraudulent 
coiners, bearii^g an imitation of the 
Hampft of the national mint 9 thefe 
abnvnd in an excctfive degree in the 
cottotry, and are' become extremely 
crnvWefbme and hurtful to the ret!«il 
tnder, and to the poor. Yet Ihe evil, 
§» both cafes, has a, dire£^ tendency to 
c»f» iifelf ; and the pofitive reje£^ion 
m( fnch a 'bafe medium is now pretty 
geaciaUy adopted. I have frequently 
leca a |q(\ difcrimipation made by (hop. 
Ikceptri in the cafe of the Edinburgh 
iialfpenee ; the good fort, bearing 
''* Tho. & Alex Hutchifon*' round the 
rim» being readily taken, while they 
Mfnfed the bafe and ihin imitation, which 
fcat ** Payable at &dinhur|rh,.Glargow, 
fui4 IHnnfries." Such frrvoious vatic • 
tita are alfo unworthy the notice of the 
€pl)€£\WfiLS isyudly cb(orvcd by K. Y. 
As 10 tlte undue expence of collect- 
ing fttch pieces as have got exclufively 
Into ihe hands of the deaUrs, this muk 
k€ chiffty conHncd to the purchafc of 
fttcb pheces as have been merely (Iruck, 
fnr a fimited fale to collcilors, as me- 
elata or jettons, and neftr intended for 
«rc\»laiion, or the ufe of tradefmeo; 
locb as the BaBngOoke canal piece, the 
London penny token, lately i(fued, 
licanng buildings, &c. If this be an 
ctil, it muH, however, infallibly fooo 
i^ng a remedy of \t\ own accord. It 
is in the hanr's of culle£tors ihemftli^cs 
Co coric^A this; a<, if the dealers are 
made to feel that th&y have ciiarged too 
fii^h^ they will be compelled to reduce 
•htiir piiccs for the purpofe of extending 
their falc. With rcp^ird to the trifling 
IK^Iitical jttcons of Spence and ot'.iers, 
ie«Ution pieces {improperly put into 
Birch&li's Lift, p. 3).&c. fuch can pro* 
^ttce no ei[c& more important chat 
of licentious caricatures^ which excite 
laug >t.r, or incur conicmpt. The leis 

fetious attention to this riide fpeoief of 
wit, fo mneh the better. Philip |L 
lias often h«d imprndence and ineoBfi- 
derate foUy imputed to him, for dilco- 
vering fuch bitter indrenation agatnft 
Ihe fatirical Dutch jnedaU of 157^ ; and 
furely R. Y. does pot ** do well to be 
an|;ry,'* and afcribe a froveling taft« 
for diity ditch-water to loch of bis brew 
ther colIe£lors as may be difpofed to fee 
apart a cell or two in a mifullaneoua 
drawer for fuch iu/ie mokei^. The en* 
lightened iMtdallift is of no party. How- 
ever deteftah'.e tlu; charader and prin- 
ciples of CiomweM may appear t(»Mm» 
he puts a high e A venation on hiscoinage^ 
as being amongft the rareft and beft ex* 
ecueed of any that evel* iflfned from the 
Britilh national mint. Though a friend 
to limited monarchy, be may have the 
families P$rita and Junta among hia. 
confular diumrii, regaidlefa of the ftem 
republican charaflers of C^to and Br«« 
tns, whofe names they bear 1 nor does 
he exclude from his imperial fcrtes the 
StJIertii of Tiberius and Domitian, on 
account of fhe odious principlet of thcfe 
cruel and jealous delpots. 

The fourth ohjeAiun is a very mate ' 
rial one in the eye of the medallift % ic 
it alfo tco well (bunded ; ao8 2 would 
^o ail the length k. V. does, in his fc- 
verctt expreflions concerning it, if it 
were not that I cannot ihiuk this the 
beft mode ^>f promoting the defrred re* 
fpim. Ic has been unfortunate in 
the condu6l of numifmatic (ludies, thnt^ 
while fo much care and labour are la- 
viflied in elucidating wh»t has been al- 
ready done, fo liule folicitude is be- 
ftowed on the merit of prefenc perform- 
ances! and to petfed or extend what 
fliti^ht do honour to the prefent age, 
^nd prelent topics fur refearch, tnftruc- 
tion, and sdrtiiration, to the atitiquariet 
of future ages. We purchafe, colled, 
or pcre with unwearied aHiduity, upon 
fome im pot rant, and m^y fri«olotts« 
veQiges of anticnc mintage ; while cx« 
tremely little of. our time, influence, and 
expence, arc given to regulate, or judi- 
cioufly multiply, the produ6tions of 
Hvini; aitjfti*. Were we to coptraft 
with cliis neelc£t the prodigious ti^ivity 

* It is furpriaing and vexing to obfel-veii 
that little or no elfe^ has been pi'odti-'^ 
by the-p^iUicoitou of Mr. Finkerton's ^> 
m treble chapter on the *' Progrefs of BritlfK 
Cnmage." EITay, vol. II. The condn- 
d:ng pat t-> of it are wunhy the Gonfidem- 
tion of politicians nnd phitofopbers, as weU 
^s of meu of tai\s apd lovers of \i» luris. 

1797*] OiJkfHaihiu ph the genuine and forgid PrmnsuMi Oinu 33 

md liberality with which Tovcrs of at their real or nominal «alut. Tha 

former (hould not hire been' in Mr. 
Birch -!!*■ \-\ ^t »il, but dafs naturally 
Willi HiLin mcd<-ts oi \vi:h tlie kaice 
p^ucin-picces of Charlft IT. *' qu|i- 
tuor m^'^'n viodico,'* and with the p4tr 
tern halfpence and farthings done for 
.<|ueep A^ir, in To madrrly a il 'le, bf 
Mr. C\ kt*^. T»'e Btrjnt.ftcjke piece 
\. ? incil;.!. i'rirr^-- It '.r.'; it i .iin Coldy 
ir. i:.'. :«..: 1 :rv, "W.. T r.kcn..n, that 
e.'-f li ^Aw|iiiciOf of the C-nil flock 
might ba?e one 1 and* being n^kv 
R.R.^ feUtby the dealera at feVeral 
(hillings. Too much fubdiridon 19 
any fubjeA it croublefome and unnc- 
ctu r y. The grand, and only proper 
divifioniafTumed by Mr. Pinkerton aad 
other writers, refolvcs int^ two cladaa 
oal?, of Coin and Medal ; the la(* 
ter indeed, of anricnt mintage, is fufcK 
divided into medallions and mcdalletti 
and, in the modero, into medals and 
jettons. Thii limple clalTificatian may^ 
in my opinion, be wth g^e^t propriiety 
applied to the fubjed before, ui i pro* 
vided (bop*tickeit, and all mcta* pieces 
bearing the name and addrcfs of a 
tradefman or compiny, may be ad*^ 
mitted as of the /ame clafs with pro- 
vincial promiff^ry coins fi (hey tLif 
both meant to be ufeful and profitable 
to tradf fmen i and the former are 
fiequently given out, alfo, as cuncncy* 
Among the latter, I w^uld propofa to 
admit all pieces bearing the words 
"payable" or "cuirent" •• ptnny,*^ 
" halfpenny," or •^ farthing" (having 
difFer^nt drawers and arrrtngementtt 
however, for the three (iacs). flaving 
thrown all thefe into one gtneral clafs, 
to be denominated, as Mr Birchall bail 
very properly done, " Provincial Copr 
per Coins and Tokens/* his plan df 
alphabetic arrangement wtU naturalij 
c«^mprehepd the whole. 

The other defcripiion is that of fmalt 
medalf, or jettons, which have ob* 
vioufly never been flruck for circular 
tion, or the ufe of tradcfmcn, and bene 
no word cxprclBve of (uch intention^ 
but flolely for the pu pofe of fale to 
colleQors ; fuch are ihe fmali piecet 
engraved by Jacobs, bearing publif 

P«iMing,Moiic, and fomt orhcr branc)>ts 
Jif the 6ne arts, patronze their refpea- 
Ive. lines of purfeit, we Ihould pro'vu<'y 
-be -ant mated to more cxeni 'i>. M jlH 
sight be done hy t-veiy ni-r.^ai .U ot 
opulence and influtntc, in the diftrifi 
of the ct?untry \Vucre he refidcs, n he 
were merely to think of it ^ and the 
writer of tMs paper (though pnifelTiog 
thefe . adf antaKea in a v^ry f-p-'il d^. 
gree) nay with truth and • ^ r! - liv, 
shat he has proinptcd th^ ur>t r: .king, 
end orc.ifioncd th'' raifteece of feveral 
g06d prnviacLil coins. It is likely 
too, il perfoes of refpeAabiJity 
were to ietereft themfelvet in the coins 
itfucd by iradefmen in their neiehboor- 
hood, pieces fuffic ently weighty, and 
of good copper, wnald in general be 

given to the publick ; the dilcreditable 
igma, too juftly thrown o^ late on 
many of thefe coins, in confeqience 
of fraudulent iniiutions, reeiovcd ,- and 
eay ieterference of the legiAature 
egainik the fmure exigence of private 
niatage averted. This is a moft im- 
portasi confideratioB, and highly wor* 
thy of the attention of thofe who wifli 
ibetr continuance. 

I am forry to ftyj that I diflfer en- 
tirely in opinion from R Y. in his 
idea of the proper mode of arranging 
Iheic oiecea in a cabinet. What good 
numiimatic reaibn can he give for di- 
▼idtng them laio ftuiu ditferent defcrip* 
lions ? Does he wiih us to commence, 
complete (if pollible), and fini(b, alpha- 
betical arrangements feveii times over ? 
Hit firft, fecond, an^ great part of the 
third, fourthi and fifin, divifions, are 
of the fame fort of pieces, as being 
iflued by private individuals, or com- 
panies, for circulation ai coins; and 
taany, in the flriAeft fenfe, piepifely 
anfwer to both his definitions of the 
firft and fourth dalfes, as being ** pay* 
able by real parties," and alfo having 
" reprefentations of buildings," fucbat, 
Canterbury halfpenny, Birchali, p. 17; 
ftaiotree and Bocking, Bitrch. p. lai 
Chelmsford, Birch, p. 17; G«tehoufe, 
Birch, p. 331 and many otheis. Thus 
Ibis arran|emeat, bafides being abfurd, 
ia unpraQicable. Upon his own prin- 
dples^ why would he h»ve us to in- 
clude in theErft dlvifion Mr.Boulton^a 
(ae pectcm-pieces for a national coin- 
age, or the BaAngfloke {billing ^ Nei- 
IBcr of thefe are payable by any pettyt 

. 6xMT. Mao. Jmmit^ 1797. 

* Mark for the iecood degree of feareiif 
in coins. 

f Kempfon's,of BifVningham, neatpieeflb 
bearing public buildingsu may be adpiitted 
among thefe, as they have his paitieulat 
addniiy as •boROB and ^ maker. 


'34 ^fiM ^^^ offhormg ai Bengal. — Hydroph$bia/rom aC<fw f [ Jan- 

buildings of London, *' dedicated to 
•eolle^lors j" and mmy of thcf^r, in« 
ferce«l in Mr. Hirchall's liU, oughr, 
Vpon this principle, never to have ap- 
peared in it : Romaine's, Bird), p. 3 ; 
'Sedition, ib. ; Wafliioj^fyn, p. 4- i 
Tri^nce, p. 31 j Fox, p. 70 ; and a great 
many more; fuch being neirfaep pro- 
vincial coins nor tokens, but fm^l me- 
dJs. He might, with equal propriety, 
have admifted inro a lift, bearing the 
title which hit does, fuch pieces as the 
, beautiful targe medals of earl Howe, 
Cornwatlisy king of France, &c. done 
recently by Kuchlcr, under the auf- 
pices (as 1 am informed) of that dif- 
tingui(h(d leader in every uT-ful and 
c4egant ait, Mr. Bbuiton, of Soho, 
Birmin^^am. Thcfe fhould all cfomc 
iinder the Head of <* Modern Mifcella- 
neoos Medals." 

I would not Oi>je£^ to tn entire ff- 
)9trition, from thefe two diviiroirk, of 
Aiofe pieces alluded to in R. Y's (ixrh 
clare, as haviag been flruck for circu* 
lattvn in Irehin^, Sierra Leone, India, 
f|(C. being infaft'Britiii Colonial Ctiint. 
%trA Ihnuld'htfVe bud a fepara^e chapi^ 

1 have now detailed myoprnions on 
that fubje^^, atod given feafons for chem 
^f clearly at in tny powers ^'t, if I 
ttould not be able to 'convince all 
'Others of their propriety, I can confole 
inyfelf with fuch -liberal re flexions^ as 
Kir. Pinkerton makes on this fubje£k 
of arrangem^t, vol* 11. pp. 186, 187 s 
for I am not fond of coctroverfy. Mi. 
t7f ban; and therefore finally recur, with 
•much iaiisfaAion, to a point in which 
1 can mofl oordiAlly agree with R. Y. 
via. in utterly condemning a very large 
jproportion of thcfe pieces, which 1 
nave divided into t««o defcrtptions, as 
beiBgt from their mean execution and 
defignsi unworthy of the patronage t>f 
any perfon of good cafte ^nd good fenle. 
iJpon the whole, of thofc defcribed by 
rar. BirchatI that have come in m)r 
VBy» although dcfirous of forming 
a colleQion, 1 have rejected the greater 
party as being even beneath (belter dnd 
acceptance ; and from an opinion, that 
to receite fuch forms a blemifli^ in* 
ikead of conferring an ac^uintion, on a 
cabinet. Yet it is not cafy to.give di. 
•t«£ttODf for making a judicious felec- 
^ion ; and every colledtor mud, in ii 
•great meafui^i be regulated by the de- 
gree in whiah ite ^offefles genuine taftt 
iRd nt daUic fcilK Civis. 

Mr. URBARy Jmt. (5. 

RKSIDING in a honfe which is 
built on a foil full of fprings, and 
on chat account withoot cellars, and 
the fl'.toring being raifed about a foot 
from the ground, which renders it ex- 
ceedingly cold and uncomfortable, 
owing Co the air admitted under it 
through air-holes^ the foMo wing (imple 
method of flooring ufed ^ Bengal by 
the natives, where there are no chim- 
neys, and where chit kind of flooring 
keepi the houfe dry, and fervet in every 
part of it as an hearth for cooking, 
occurred to my-recolleAion ; and, as 1 
am certain that it would have obviated 
all the inconveniences I complain of 
had it been adverted to in the flooricg 
of my houfe, it may pofiibly be of uti- 
lity to others who may hereafter build 
in fpringy ground. At any rate, no- 
thing is loft by the 'comtnunication to 
yourfelf, who can bot judge whether 
or not to let it go farther. The are? 
of the houfe or room Co be floored is 
nmrde perfe£lly level; onglazed earthen 
potsy about a foot highland Iirgc" 
bellyM, are placed clofe together over 
the whole furface, tnonth downwards; 
the hollow parts^ round the necks and 
lops of the poti, are tilted op with char* 
coal pounded fine (nothing being fo- 
dry or fo difiieult to make damp), and 
the terrace over the whole is formed of 
Isrick-duft and lime, well worked, and 
made as hard at pofllVble. 1 never 
'knew of fuch an hearth giving way ; 
and have been moft fenfible of its uti- 
iity in keeping off dam paefs. Ghur. 

Mr. URaAN, Suffolk, Jaw. 7. 

A Report prevails, of a perfon named 
John Ellis, near Leckford, in 
Suflex, having died hydrophobic be- 
tween two and three years ago, who, 
it is added, received the irife^on froth 
a cow, ffnd whhouc the intervention df 
a wound. An eicamination into the 
truth of this report will be of materiat 
•confequence tn elucidating fome part 
of the pathology of this abflrafe dif- 
'eafe. If any ot your Suflcx readers 
'can give intellfgenee refpe^^ine thia 
■faft, it will greatly oblige the publick a* 
well as the writer of this article. Sucb 
an extraordinary occurrence cannot fail 
to be remembered, not only by peo^o 
in the place, bnc by others r^fidtng at a 
cottfiderable diftance. A circumflfa* 
tial aecount of the cafe, throtightha 
nediuA'^f your nftfutTepofitdiy, ]$r 

1797*} OUSAiffof/yar.'— Arthur anj^mfn.'^ 

cootra^iAio* of th« nupoor, is eara- 
cAly r«qu#fted aftfooa at it oaa be cojd* 
reDkntlj made. S. T. 

Mr. V».r^-Zl'J!t 

HAVING, for fome tnonKhi paft« 
btcQ aiiher abTcDt from home, or 
vary mucb aqgaged ia bufiaafs ; i did 
9oty fill withia a few days paA, notice 
Uif rc^ueft of $« Q. p. 740, for <* in- 
foroMCioii Gooceraiai; a piftuie of a 
capital Ibip ol war» that wat uaqucf- 
tinaably paiotad bf aa artift, in tbt 
Reif n of jimet I. or C^rlet 1." 

In ripjy, J beg leafretoancotioo, that 
at a fala of pifiurei about Gx yeass ago, 

1 bougb% at a cu^iofity fiieh a oae as 
he eaquirci aftert which ^art Uf*. 
doubled marks buch of aati^uity and 
origiaalicy : it MprcfsDis tKe laiboard 
fide of a three-decker man of war, a% 
preparing to engage an eneinyt having 
at bar fiils clawed up aad haadad, 
csscpt the main-fail, m^in-top-fail, 
lote-^il, and miaeo, with isgvms ruv 
om on the iida mentioned (two qf 

2 bam from tbc lower dack)> which 
with the poft-hoiaa on thai deck which 
Bra tlofed, aad reafconing the famt 
•omlhir f«ff tha ftarboard £de, and 4 
rn^trn which ara pUinly reprafaatad in 
«ha ftara, iha 4iip appevs tp cat ry 4^ 
o# 48 gint, and hat aa Admiral's flag 
4yiag ac the maia-top^gMiuit-inaft* 
haad i the pt&ai* ia paintad on paniel, 
up»a whiah appears tht date 1^5. 
1* &. Q. h4i a paittcuUi wiib to fee tbit 
pafivM, ha may ha grati&ad by taking 
iIm Hoiibla CQ nail cii 

Yourt,lBc H. 6ofl£. 

P. 8. Should S. D. ba a colleaor, 
•nd daftfoua to pQicha6» he nay do k 
OB vary modarata terms. 

Mr. Uabab, Jm- 9^ 

THE Uttla poem called, «• Anhur 
aad Smma, or tha.Firfl Naviga* 
.iflf," noiicad toI. LXVI. p. 1034, is 
■taitttBBcd aa baiag an imitation of ona 
•f a fimifor nature by the celebrated 
OarmaB poctGcfasr. I^vHv, I beliave^ 
I have read all the works of this au- 
thor, but never met with any thing of 
tha ki»d co which this alludes. AfUny 
bare wriuen under fictitious aamast at 
Ofias, &c. But 1 nerer could coo* 

mta. ss 

ceive why any n^iByca^ajbleof amuiia|; 
the woild by hiy ^enio^g ihculd evar 
wilh to throw- (he honour of inv«sttMi 
from bir^fel^ aod tra'tsfar k to ano« 
therl The poam has coofidaj-ahlf 
merit ; hot { W4s pcMili vly pl«a6d in 
the ]u(k comp.lisaent paid to the fupt* 
rior 4^111 and coodu^ of our bmrf 
feqimen, aad that Tcry ple4/iBg aa4 
bcoDic one lo tha unrivaled ^biliKiaf 
ofMr. ?itt. Yours, &r. J. A* 



9 Mr Norris, of Eaft Mailing, anothar 
corfafpoiaient obV^jves, has The Gntif Harrys 
froiif an original painting takOD in a 8p»> 
flifil >iZA I7 Sir Jcdu yonif • SiiiT« 

Mr. U R i 4 N , Cr£^09f Ja§. |q.. 

GIVE iT\e leave to aofwer your 
correlDondent R. p. 1005, of your 
Magazmv for December, who dojabXP 
the gcouinenafs of the panay of Ri« 
ch^rd 1II» p. S97, and addacea thaff 
reafons: 6:ft, ihould tha coin i^ 
weight exceed la grains, then lie iayf 
it muft belong to HiQhardlli the nex^ 
the great refemb!anca it bears to thf 
cons of that ki^g, and its wanting 
the words Dl. OEA. 00 xkit obverfa ; 
and. thirdly, its limildi^ty to the coipi 
engraved by Sn^liing, which was co« 
pisd froas the plates of Withy an4 
Ry«l, which coin, from tha refem* 
blaace it bears to the coins of fti* 
chard II, and tha fufpicioiis cabinet 
from which it wm taken, gives hia| 
great doubts: tha(# varioui raaipn^ 
combined, makes R. think the puiiy 
mnft belong to Richard IL 

KoWf Mr. Urban, I an of a A\U 
fsrent optaion« aord cannot %§ yat 
think or dtprtving Richard |IL qf 
the penny, although it waigM If 
grains. The weight of umiaiit douluir 
fill coins greatly aflifts the coUtAor if 
giviag them a proper arrangainentf 
that is, wh<n indenturef for thaip 
coinage arc knowo. M^t know fu(i 
eni(^} fpecifyiag the weight pf qui* 
otdcft pennies which ara ^a4 gnil|S< 
towards the clofc of tbt tetgn of Kdr 
ward 411, thf peany weighs }| grains; 
and during the Kigp of Sdviriir4 |V« 
it fellto la grains. Kow Sir, \ fuor 
po(e R. draws his evidence fro^i ^qr 
ward iV, reducing the penny iq ^p 
grains; if fu, the argument if M 'aif 
one way as the othfr. Th^t after thg 
deceafe of Edward lY, Richard (11^ 
(beiog the nest reign) again vdfmced 
his penny to the old il|ndar4 of H 
grains ; I ufe this, frgume^c aa n^g 
knowing of any indami»ct ian^g tb^ 
raign of Richard III, «VKhoriP>^2 '^9 
diminution of thia coifage. %Q!QX 
correfpoadant aflartib thiu lil(P penniap 
of Rftciiud iM SagQAi v» nil \\if 

36 Difpuftthn §n the Oint of ihi early Englifh Ajffgf. [J to; 

weight of ifi grains; in thii he it then why (hould there not esift a 

greatly mift^ken, for, from the Con* fifjiitariry between the coint of tb« 

queft la cfa* 27th of Edward the Thirds Richards ? 

ttit weight of the penny wat xii, ac}, That ihe coin engraved by Withj 

nnd to grains t neither wat there any and Ryai for n peony of Richard III. 

diminution in the coinage of pennica and copied by Sntlling» ihould be pro* 

till the 28*h Edward I, when he blematical only becaofe it wat origU 

firft ' reduced *it to it grains, coofe* nallf in a fufpicious cabinet, and rt^ 

qMtntff she penny of Richard the Se« femblcs coins of Richard II. is carry* 

'cond Dioft be of the weight of iii ing (in my opinion) fcepticirm n little 

graitti. R^ I malce no doiibt, win ton fart the cabinet of the late Mr^ 

refer to the coin defcribed by him. White poflefled a penny of Richard !• 

f.63'9, of yourJaft vol. at a collateral which proved to have been 'iFabrieated 

roof, the weight of which it only io{ by ' him (thit 1 imagine ts the fafpi- 

graint ; thit coin, I think, may as ciout cabinet R. alludes to) ; but thu 

well be doubted for its deficiency, at every fcarce coin in Mr. White's ^a- 

tbe coin in difpute for its being above binet ihould lie under this doubt mercr 

the weight. Now, was 1 to ufe the ly becaufe the penny of Richard I. was 

^ftcartand reduce the weight of the a forgery, is what I cannot admit of} 

penny within sa grains, would not R*8 it reminds roe, Mr. Urban, of an old 

doubta be entirely done away ? and, I adage— '< Once detededi alwaya fof* 

ttuft fay, nothing can be more eafy pcftcd:" 

to be done. But, as I deteft every kind When the refpeAable Society of 

of impofition, the coin ihall remath Antiquaries engr^ived plates lor a 

without any kind of diminution, by work of fucb importance as FoJket'a 

me, in the ftate in which I received it. Tahiti, 1 cannot help thiakipg bo| 

Theleaflfuperhcialobferverofthecoini that every coin vrat conned over with 

in your plate for Aoguft left, muft £1^9 a mifcrofcopic rve ; and, if any douhl 

the Shears bat been very bufy with had arifen refpe^ng the authentictf j 

its edges, for, from the letter i, nest of any coin, it would* have been re-f 

the mint mark, it hat been clipped all jeQcd, foir on the'genuinenefs of tho 

round, probably for the very purpofe coins their credit at Antiquaries rafted. 

of reducing it to the fuppofcd nandard Neither can I think the learned aati 

of ia graint, by fome ignorant collec- ingeaioua nan, employed an fomiag 

tor. 1 (hall thank R. for information tba Hunterian colleAidU, would ha?a 

vrhere I am to find a tmi penny of fofftred even a fufpeded penny cq 

Kicfaard the Third, with the letters have difgraccd fo noble and raft a ca« 

PI. ORA. QB tba obverfe, furely be binet 1 or Fadnan Otho might aa veil 

does not wilh me to underfland that have been rnftered to fi!| the chafm i^ 

thefe leuera were on the coin he de* the Roman feries as a doubtful peany 

fcribet, p. €39, in the blank fpace of Richard the Third in the Eagliih. 
there pointed oiit I Now, bad R. but R. wiiiet for a reference lor 01 vi- 

peruM thit coin with even common liii for Durham. I refer him to Stow'a 

fttention, he would have found the Chronicle from the recocd of Bury« 

readingon tbeobTerie toba RipAtD- Divclin doet not fiand for Dublio, 

Sivs EX AVOL, intteadof aicARpi but develiNi oa coiat we fiad it 

.....AMGL. and that there wat no puFFLin, or DYrFLiN, being the 

)cind of hecclfity for inlfning of ^ dott briginaf Daniih name for DY'LIN. 
ia the hfank. anfwering the want of Hat R. ever feen or^eardof a penny 

the fup'pofea lettcrt DU gra. one of Richard 11. m^ted at Durham a 

wonld have been fuQcient, which it an for. Noble fay't, *« we have no money 

1L. to' complete the word aix« Thia joined in the city of Durham, eithfr 

airrorf alfo^ p|6ceeded (I imagine) from by thit Mon arch (Richard 11.), or by 

hafleand inadvertency. any of the bil^iopt.of thit fea, during 

The fimtlarity pf the penny to thf hia reign; therefore, if R. can autbea* 

ginniet of Richard II. for giving it to tieate thit coin, which I afcribe 10 

at king, it a futile evidence. Collec- Richard III. to be a penny of Richard 

tprs weirknow the difificulty they have U. 1 ihall be much obliged to him, m 

at timet, in arranging their coint, from it will then be an unique. Or fuppoie, 

their great limilarity to kiogt of tba ft, I expunge the mint*mark, asd give 

fame name, more particularly ia the the coin to Richard I. for, thit king 

jamUiat ^ tb* fi4w4f4« *<m1 Hcgrj ; aUp, gguiud | Uceact^ for a coinagt H 

Mr. Urban, Jin. 10. 

WITH Mr. HutchtDfon's expofi* 
tion of the Bridekirk font, ■• 
communicaccH by Don«tua» in your larft 
vol. p. 1004, I muft confefi I am oot^ 
quite (.ici^ficd, being incUfied to nccedc 
and * vtuld to the dtfcripttoB Uiggtttt4 
Itv BiQ)op Lvttelcooy Mr. Beli; Mr. 
6ough» Mr. PcDnant» and others. A 
few yeirs fincc, when, at the requcft o€ 
the late Mr. Thorpe, I was auempCiM; 
to iMufbrate the foott engraved for mi 
Antiquities wiihin the Diocefe of Ro« 
clieflcr, and in which, when tfafe boolt 
was puhiiflied, I found that, .in a fc«r 
circumllances, my wortliy friend had 
exprelTed a difivrent opinion without 
afligning his reafons, I took every op- 
ponunity I had of examinincr drawingt 
and plates of other antient fonts, witt 
the hope of ftriking out fome light 
from the comparifon. The font 9^ 
Bridekirk was one that pafTed uodtr 
inv infpeflion ; and the notion I formed 
of the Eaft and Nonh ticwi of it, ex- 
hibited in Arcbaeologia, vol. II. pt« is. 
P- i33» I win infcn frrmi my detail of 
the font at Oarenth, in Cuftumale Rof. 
fenfe, p. 96. To me it appears highly 
probable that it was the purpofe of the 
artift to difplay the fall of man, wi^ 
an alluGon to his redemption in the 
baptiiVn of our blclTed Saviour. Tho 
upptr fillet or pannel, in the Eaft vieir, 
exhibits a ferpent with two heads ; one 
o^'thcm reds on the body, and it hit 
a fifai»e fimilar to what is often ufed hi 
marking the evil fpirit, and by which» 
in particular, he is diftinguiflied on the 
foots at Famingham, Southfleet, and 
Shorne (Cuftumale Roffenfe, pi. xvii. 
p. no.*). From tlie other head b 


lloAifBt tho nh 10 money either real 
or cpifcoptl, are BOW known ; bot, joki ng 
tfide, at to myfelF, I have ifot the leaft 
doahtf hM th« penny it a genuine coin 
of Rfehnrd III. And I was led to be- 
\w9t the late Mr. Sonihgatc, who pof- 
itfbd cntieat fkill in coini, never had 
■ fafpidoa of it. He even went f i 
fcr ni to lay « bflf-of the value of lol. 
sNi the ttMc with the coin, and gave 
itona optioaei choke. Having thouehts 
at that time of forming m f^es of &z- 
lift pekviet, I give preference to the 
cots. I muft now beg leave to clofe 
this letter, and to apologize for its 
length 00 fo triHiag n fubje£^ ; and to 
c»bffenpe that I have here done with it, 
but Ihall7>e verv glad to fee any new 
obfenrations of your correfpondentt 
who will take the trouble to give this 
t^Qubted coin a proper arrangement. 
A^, laftty, to lay, that I have not 
had the f mailed intention either to mif- 
lead or deceive any of your readers', by 
Rasing the coin to be of the n&l min- 
ftge of Richard 111. ; aeither could the 
poor labourer, from whom I received 
the eoin, mean to impofe 00 me, and 
whofe heart was gladdened -by receiv* 
iBg a Ihilling for the fame. 

TThe letter of Mr. Subbing Shaw, 
p. 9t4. of yottr laft vol. mud entirely 
do away every qaeftiosable fliape which 
&• may entertain in refpcd to the au« 
thfnticity of the penny of Stephen, 
engraved in your Mae., for O&ober 
laft I lU feemt n great fceptic, and will 
fcaccely allow the verHitility in the 
BritHh aniicnt m'lnta, which ia well 
known they pbdcfied; if a coin is dif- 
covered the lead different from any 
jour correfpondent bat been ufed to, 
hia fertile imagination ii at work, and 
firodqces a feria of donbti, which, like 
£10 w bffbte z meridian fun, diflblves, 
«nd it«v<fa aot a wreck behind. If R* 
vyanta n due for diffovering why a coin 
of Suph'en Aonld have the martlets on 
the cev erfe, let him fearch the Heiald's 
OficCf who will . inform him what 
Vtroa, noble, or prelate, ufed martlets 
on their armi, or perhatpi ibeir creft { 
for when Stephen i^urped the crown, 
he was obliged to indulge his encroach- 
ing fbb)ed9 with many parti of bit 
Drcroeative, to prevent their revolting, 
one ol which was that of coining their 
own money *, this will in part corrobo* 
rate what Mr. Stebbing 3haw fajs, 
that the coins of Stephen are of rariout 
diet* Yourti tfc» 

J. Li^%fi^J. 

* On the Farningham font, the claws 
of the evil fpirit arc fixed upon a penitent, 
at confeffion, as if endeavouring to draw 
liim from this religious aA. On the fuoc 
m the church of Shorne an angel is dif- 
playeU holding u pair of balances : in the 
Italeon his right hand a good fpirit pre- 
ponderates! and the evil fpirit, charac- 
terized by this uncouth figure, is weighed 
in the otlier fcale, and found warning. 
On the Southfleet foot, St. J oiin, properly 
hahi'ed, is baptizing JcUh in a river | a 
labe)^ with the wprds £c^^AMiV|ifluet 
f^oro his mouth, and at Jiis leet i& the un* 
couth viiage, denoting the evil fpirit. 

Mem. On the font at Eaft Meon, Ar* > 
cliaeolog. vol. X. pi. ar, tlte woman , 
is taking the fruit out of the mouth of 
U^ fpipeati aa^a m Mt«6«yo%ViVvaacib- 

;^ Biidckixk fins. — ^Ncwingcoa /i#^^#.-^7%# Maukn. [Jm^- J 

pendent a branch that hit on it three 
^icrne«» which I conceived to have baea 
mcunL t-.iT cue torbidvieii fruit, plucked 
frojn 'he Tree nf G."»od and Evil. ft. 
is ohfei^V'-e, ihal ihe ferpeot hi& two 
Ugs, tTv^ii u'iiich nt^y ic not Iw inferred 
tiiat ilie fcuLpcor or defii^ncr might '^n:i- 
c-ae, thac this aniiDal had tUcCt two 
limbs before rhr denuociatisn, that on 
iis b§lljf a fiouJJ go, 2:c. ? In the lower 
compatcnieati it is admictcil, by Mr. 
IfiUchinCo'.i, chat there is, as sluciJated 
b^ (be li<fliop'& coire(poadent, a maoi* 
fftA dc(cripi';oA of the hapciria of our. 
Saviour by Sc. John ; nor do I think 
it can be iaipuced tj Mr. Bell 9% an 
<ircr* fanciful luraiifey his having Rated 
the Umcz Cluspiirtiutac of the Nonh 
view tp be the angel turning Adam and 
JL^c out of Parnd'kfe. The figure on 
the Wft holds UD a (latf io a threatening 
3:o(lui6» but ihe attitude of the ngurc 
talkloc: to l^im leein&tu me to be r^tiier 
of A tuppUcanc than a remonftrant i 
«ad vuhiit coM'd be more natural than 
lu reprefent iuve upon her knees, clin^- 
fog CO a tree, i'uppoiin;; rt to denote tlie 
XTtc ti life t ! Above is a Sagittariut, 
or Centaur, gr<i(puH$ two bird» ih'ii are 
Anigfiiiog tor their 'liberty j what may 
be Uure intenckd I have my duub:s, 
Ujt, if I do noc (nilUke« 1 have oo 
fame old pieces of fculpcure obferved 
Satan d«ltoeat«d as a Centaur, 8. D« 

ftlr. Uaran.* Jwt, 10. 

AM l&T A Iw & ro u ft eertain ly occur, 
vol. LXVI. P. So^, wirh refpcft 
tc the (if) oi lue rc^^irs uf Ncwingcon* 
QtfMrdfhkK, and (heir colie^ions, as 
pu(>liflied by your correlpondcot F. !«• 
wiio muH have omtuod the da me of 
iome one re£^or between 1708 and 


D.. Jx>hn Potter (icc^irding Co his 

account) wi« coitarcJ to the re6tury 

ferveJ at p. ig<;, "on one of the lidet 
th« expulfion of Adam and Eve from Fa- 
rnciifc is reprtfenitfd by the angel with a 
<It.i>v« f\v<jr1, drivm* them from a Riag- 
Rificcnt i^ate or portal." 

f This remind.< us of the affe^ng l»nes 
in Mi-hch Milton concetrcs her to have 
hew.-l-J h»T w'^jtVd llate, in confcquence 
of ht-T f'a.i.*/ rrrhmrd the archangel tell 
A«1am he h id .1 divii>tf commiition to re- 
move immevhiuclv the fallen pair from 
the- 5!:.irden«»f Ir.^vn I B«K>k. XI. vcr. 269, Ac. 
*• Murt I rhiw Icavtf thee, Paradiftr ? thu« 
leave [Ihadi-s ? 

Thcc» nr.rtvr f-Ml, rhefc hr^^py w:iks ;ind 
, li'jw (h;'.!i 'iV^r breath? :n other air> pure, accuUom'd to immortat iraitt I'* 

in »70^, and died 175^ This Dr^ 
Potrer, I apprehend. uiuH: have been 
the fame w^o was ^1 ft bifljop of 0<- 
for.i, and aftervviriis arGh{a**fcAp of 
CanteFburVy and who Jccti^fcd 1 74^-9 ; 
ronieqaently he could neither lie livii»g» 
nor re&or of Newinj^rton* i7S4» ^V^ ^ 
ihould think, that he rcfigot^d that 
1ivir>£r fBany years h^tore his decrafca 
proi'iablv when he was made bl- 
(hop ot Oxford, add, if fo. the living 
WAS noc void bv hit death. Neither 
cnj'd i: he Dr. John Plotter, bufomx 
who was fir^l a deacon of Oaford, and 
died dtan ot Canterburv about 176$, 
becauic he was (circely bjrn in 17089 
and he did not die till many vcars after 
the period dated: viz. 1754 I nevef 
heard or read of any other Dr. John 
Potter, D, D, This error (houUl b^ 
cor reded. 

D. H. p- 833, was nut himfell 
fully informed of the paitLculars oiF the 
faie of the Otu t^atts^ Oxf-^rdlbire, 
forme'^ly the property of lord Ma/haui. 
Mr. Palmer, is is truc^ purchafed thcm^ 
and took pu^«irian of \c man&'in, ^^c. 
in the vear 1773. Mr. Pilmerdied ia 
1789 ; iioce which period^ the eAatc 
has not (to my knowledge) be«o re- 
fulvd, bu( ftill coDtiouts the property 
of Mr. PUmtr*s Ton, and is in the M<jy. 
pMiiOiUii that gentleman, whom:)rried 4 
aau^^ber of Oldfield BoarleS| EO^. ac 
Njrth Allon, Qxfordfliire. 

Yours, tic» K. P. 

Mr. Urban, Jai9n 11. 

TH £ fol!<Aviiic pn(Iig6 occurs iy 
p. 140 of Kelly's " Scottiib Pro* 
verbK e&plainetl," Load. 17a r, oSmvof 

** lig thai iiruented tbi Maidfn [an engine 
to beheiul people] fiifi banfiled it [got thq 
fhft of it]. 

Viz. James Earl of Morton, who hai4 
been for fome years governor of Scot- 
land ; but was afterwards cruelly, and un- 
ju^liy, nm down by a party, s^s many 
have been fince. 

L^. Kec lex eft m(%ior ulU, 
Qnim neci* .irtificw arte pertre iba." 

This Scottish Proverb funns to hAX% 
cfcaped the notice of yoor conaoaunicative 
correfpondeiU ia ly. 3i7i 3tS> u£ your 
volwne for 179 a. 

in coidisquenoeuf the death oT tUe " trilli^ 
chitfiiahle and pious Mr. Hetherington/' 
(fee LXVX. 8 a 3,) an eacellent ferraoit- 
was pre.w:hed on Dec. ao, 177*1 ^^ the 
p'jnfli-church of North Cray, and printed, 
riiuu£hiu>t pubhfhed, byThom?-^ Moore« 
M. A. the worthy reiftor ; who wilhed it 
to he confidcrcd *< merely as a local 
tejftimosf, in which be endeavoured ta 


I797*l ^*^^ indltai§riuU'^Pratii£ngt'in the pnfem Parliament. 39 

expfefsy with rinceriry and re^^t« what 
he felt to be his own feiiie, and av^n ptr- 
Inadei was tlut of hi« liearers, in rr^garJ 
to the merits .of thr.t moft excellent p *t- 
fon, of u'hum they had been then re- 
.«;eatly depriyej." Scrutator. 


When an Eaftem Botanift (p. 99S) fiys 
that the Royfton Crow ** ufiiaUy appears 
in the Eaftcrn part of Suffi>1k in OStohrr, 
and Continues till hiarch ; but that, in the 
remaining months, it is feldom, if mer, 
feen f* does he mean to apply this obfcr- 
vat ion in logical fnppoiT of liis preceding 
fnppofitiony namely, thiit the ermv ff^n nc 
Bowthorpe, to tiie Eaftwrard of an iidjnin- 
ing coonty, on the (irft of AnfitjU w^s 
fnhMy one of tliar foitf rattier than of the 
. common kind, which are never known to 
migrate ? 

R. H. is right in his conje^flural emenda- 
tion » p- 919* The word Ihould be line not 
tact ; and is fo on the grave>ftone. 

I. H. I. aflcs whether Shakspiare was 
author of the ballad, beginning with 
•* It wart a Frier of orders gny, 
<< H^ent forth to tell his bead> 1" 
ibme lines of which are to be found m h-« 
-Hamlet ^ or who was ? 

A ConsTAKT RsADric wishes to be in- 
fdrmod where fidwar<d Seymoar, Diiice of 
SoiBlriet, beheaded on Tower-liill^ 5 Euw. 

X. Y. Z. widiet much to knrvw whrxt 
CG. who gives an account in vol. LX V(. 
^ 101 1. of loaf-fagar being highly impreg- 
nated with the fiery particli^s of ele£ti icicy, 
means by faying*' that the fugar-rcfinei s .n 
the condfe of tlieir preparing it for the lea- 

table, hiVc fecottrfe to fome parts of the ani- 
mal fyftem in a manner of wliich niiitMy 
nine out of an hundred are happilyignorahi?" 

S:ime account is. rcquelicd of Henry 
Fynes, knt. Lord ClyntiMi and Say i^ys { 
of Lidy Elic St. John of Bioffo, Domtagt'^ 
living 1 601 I arms, a fprcad eagV :— ^rniJl 
of Elizabeth Lady Kerkelny, wid'*v;' cf Sir. 
Henry B. (*hodied i6[o) aiui afterwaril< 
the wife of Sir JolAi Chambcrlaine, kn\ 

Our Co« refjwnJe'Jt P. is referred to va!. 
I. p. 441, for the will of -Samuel Tmvcr.';, 
Efq. who in 1724 endowed the new college 
for fevcn poor knight a Wind fur, whidli 
li'is lately been opened ; and in our hexc 
we (ball give the of tfre feven fuper- 
annuited lieuienincs of the K.ivy who are 
9drat:iedas proper ohjtf^U of Ins mimifi* 
cence, by the commitlioners of tire Mavy- 

Pito Homo Publico is very kindf bnt 
we ditiisr from him in optmon. . 

Dunel:(Tensis has our he.Yr'v t'unks. 

A curious memoir on tlic wr;iia2S jiad 
difcoveries of Cui'SKSicu-, and an eic- 
celLnt Vjj-.dicatioa of ii»e fair f.ime xjf 
IiKZA,ui:hg(Kxl Pi)RTRAiT6i»f tliofccele- 
hraicd pci-l*onh> (ball apj>car in our ncx: ; 
with the Seals of Bf*. Bilsow :<nH Gsn. 
MofNK ; Nether Hall; t.'ie OxfocA* 

SHI HE NoLC-i f)f X. Y. Z. *^C. *C- 

Sr K. Steelt's Honlc; tf.e Hawk- 
si one PiUarj t';e Ab'jot of r..'L>HAM'» 
Croi's ; Pulpit at Maooal^bn C<i.i«i/Bca • 
Cahuington Cko;^:*; Di;%tiXw«fOf« 
and Elsisfur Casil^rs; and tbe 
Churches of Thorkev, Chalkh. •Vtowe^ 


Kettlestonk, C>TTiNo«*\i, arid 
LLANBcttLic, Huil all ujJpcar.Cuijn. 



A Petition was pr^feured from Sir J. 
Honey wood alid Mr. Gipps, and 
cevEain <>f the eleven of CTtnterbury, 
cdOiplafAifif; of an undue rett^ro. To 
Wconfidered the 29fh of •Noremhsr. 

Aaottwr alio was prefented from Pe- 
Wr Moor and P. Francis, e(qr^. aiicl 

P A K L 1 A M E N T, 1796-7- 

Mr. C. £. i^fkus conceived ch"*t,^)0<- 

er;r eager nur hapys might b^ for the 

.lUiinmcnt (^f p:ac«, yet hu could ant 

expeft that any oppofition wouW be 

made to the refola:t3ns he bird to pro- 

pofc f«r the manning and flren((theDru^ 

of our navy. He then proczertsd tu 

mc\re» tha: 110,000 men Iw pr mcKri 'f '/r 

ths ufj of his Majcfty's navy, rticLi- 

eemin 'deCbors of the borough of tfini; 10,000 marines, fixr the year 

TcWk^ilniry. To 'be confideredDec. 1. T797; and that 4I. ptr m«mrh be grid:- 

•OShhir 14. ed for each man tor 13 mnn:hs. 

■A ''iPtftltidD iras -|7refenerd'fn9m fiime Oeo. TarlHon Tofc, not, he laid, to 

ef tbe hlh4>lTiiftt Of J>owrntoD, a^airrft object to the prefent rdfolotion, or in 

Ae TfCUni tor that borough. To be the leaft to c^fure the n:iral hi.mch of 

the AdminfflrRion, on which he con- 
ceived to depend the faftcy of the Con* 
ftitu:ion and of the country. '1^3 p«we- 

'ibofideffvd vn^ the other petitions. 

Mr.WiMUktfm Nld before the Houfc 
VTtrvny '^ atmy e(limat»t ; and mn- 
"ved, that fh6y be referred to the Com« 
"toHMeoF^iippfythis dsy fe*tinfght. 

Tlteorder^f thediv W^-:^hen rtarf, men; -^t there were, however, two 
tbr the'BotSfc noioft 'loto t-ComtniCtcc points on which he wifhcd to b^ fins- 
4F'tap|ily for his. Mhjefty ; 'Whfn,thc wd by the Other (ide-Qf xVl% An>M^^. 
' hftTios toft ihe chiir, ^ u^» 

gyrick wat coo high for the gallant ex- 
piuits of our mivy, dfficers, and Yea- 

40 PrK0idiiigs in tb^ fnfent Stjjicn 6/ P^arU^mufii. [J^fl* 

IFirft, he wifliecl to know how, power- 
ful and numerous as our navy wat^ Ad- 
mirai Richery's fquadron was p?rinftied 
to efcape from Cadiz ; and, if fKHn re- 
luftance to provoke hoAiiiitcft with 
Spain, he could not but .-applaud our 
pacific dirpf'fitioDa. The fecood point 
was, whether any official accounts had 
been ttccived of rhc|ravages committed 
by the eBcmy at Newfoundland, and if 
proper meauirek were taken to check 
their progrefa, or diflodge them from 
that ftatioD. The latter part of his 
qucftioD, he was iennble, was difficult 
and delicate to be anfwcred ; but he 
tnuft ftilly as a reprefentative of pne of 
the moft flouriibiog commercial towns 
in the world, prefs an enquiry, whether 
¥r« had any official grounds for hoping 
that the enemy would be prevented 
irom making any farther devaftations. 

Mr. Pj^us replied, that Government 
Vtt in pofleffion of official accounts 
from that quancr; and that every hope 
was enteruined that the enemy had re- 
tired from chat parr of the coall. 

The rcfolutioDs were tlien put, and 
■greed to ; and the report ordered to be 
receifcd on Monday. 

Oa9bir 17. 
Mr. Serjeant Adair rofe to make a 
■totion for the intiodu^on of a bill in 
fitfour of tkc Qjiakers. He wilbed 
■icrely to flate to the Houfe, that the 
bill he was about to introduce was the 
lame io fubftance at that which he had 
the honour of preienting the lad fcffion ; 
and, as the principle of that hi!! had. 
then met univcrial approbation, he 
Krufted that the one he purpofed now to 
fubmit to their coniidei ation would do 
fi likewife. The learned Serjeant, af- 
ter ndvertinjg; to the cbjewt of his mo- 
tion, moved for leave '*to biingin a 
bill for the f«^rthcr rtlief of thole per- 
font called Quakeis, as to what regard- 
ed iroprifonmeat for the non-payment 
of tithes, and alfo for renderio|g their 
tefiimony competent in courts of juAice 
in criminal calcs."— Leave granted* 

H. OF L O & D 1. 
OBoktr 18. 
Sir Frwuii Bm/tti yt^i introduced on 
his Ute promotion, and took his ftat as 
Baton de PunftanviUe. 

In the Commons, the fame day, the 
CkmMCilUr 9f tt4 Extbiqmr moved the 
order of the Day, for the Houfe to re- 
folfe itfelf into a Commiute of the 

whole Houfe, to take into eonfideCBtioo 
the paffage in bts Majcfly't- Speech 
whifh alluded to " the intention roaai- 
feflcd by the enemy to invade thcfe 
kingdoms,*' &c. 

The Houfe having refolved itfelf iir« 
to tie Caid Committee, the Cbawceltor 
of tbi Excbfgtar he^an by remarking, 
that, from the avowed defrgns of the 
enemy, he thought it his duty to take 
the earliefl opportunity of lubmittingto 
the Houfe that plan which he concei* 
ved m^U effc£lual to prevent their pur- 
pofes. With rei'pe^ to the p>an he 
was going to fubmit, the general obfer'^ 
vations he had to make were few and 
obvious. It was necclfary to exert our 
natural means of defence, fo as not 
only to render the efforts of the enemyy 
ibould they have the temerity to attempt 
a defcent, incfFe£lua1, but even to io- 
creafe our vigoious and ofTcnfive opera- 
tions agaiuft them. The firll and rocfl 
natural means of defence he conceived 
to be our navy. This, though already 
augmented beyond any former e0a« 
blifliment, was, he conccijed, fttU 
capable of fanhcr flren^th, by be- 
ing reinforced with an additional ntun* 
ber of men to be raifed in dif&rent pa* 
riflies : but ihefe levies he did pot in* 
tend ibould be exdufivcly confined to 
the fervice of the navy ; half of them 
to be employed in bringing up to theft 
regular eftablilkment feveral of thofe 
regiments that had fulTered during the 
prefent war, and the other. half to be 
employed on-board the ,(Uet. He 
therefore ihoulS propofe,Mbat 15,000 
men Ibould be raifed in the difkrenc 
pariihes, to be divided between %hc fea 
and land ferviccs. It would 'farther 
ilrike the Hoc^fe, as a very important 
obje^ cf attention, to havcfuch a fprct 
as would be able to 4£t upon any emcr« 
gency, and called forth at a mooien^ft 
notice ; and, therefore, we ibouid have 
fuch a force ready to be called into ac- 
tion at a moments notice, fuppofing 
our navy not to be afiliog at all} yet 
that the mode of raifmg this force tfiould 
not interfere with the induftry and com- 
merce of his Majefly's fubje£ls, it was 
not intended that any (bould be called 
into a^ual fervice except upon an ac- 
tual invafion, or imminent danger of 
.one. The fecond propofition therefore 
was, that a fupplementary levy o£ 
60,000 men, to be taken by ballot ntMn 
diffiercnt parts of the kingdom, but not 
f0 be called upon, as be had already 
Aacedy except under the tircumfttncea 


M. the' pr4f^$ S^j^M of P^rSmflU 4I 

an4'navy 3 69.009 ififaqcry, ind ^^,^0f 

After fjiTie obf^nriitioni fr<>m Mefl^ 
ShiriJ^fi, F9X, P^tdjfs, 8^. the irr(o- 
tions wt^e then gur, agreed to, aQ4 % 
bill ordered i^n piirfyanct of them.* 

-H. OF L t {> f. 

Tite fiarl r«f i)/riry prcftn^cd ^ p]i;!(L 
tion ftom the Eai1 o/La(iderd4Uy asittoq 
Che ele^ttOQ q\ the Earl of Erre! at pDf 
of ihc' 116 Pecrt of ScO'.land 1 and grajs 
fng t^j he heard at the b^r! Qr4$i«4 <f 


ahriveineptionqd ; one-6xtbof that nun)- 

bcr to be difctphned in fucccifion for 

ch; fpare of 10 days. Alludioi; to the 

mititia-raAy Iroin the refurni \hdt h'ld 

lately been made, it was obvioub tha( 

the forincr returns had ncrer been pro* 

l^rtiooate 'o the population ; and bv 

that a^ it \va« compptcnr for the Hi>u<c 

to regulate the npoias of the difP'.;rent 

countie*. Anotncr and aiiditional 

means of dcf oncp. th^ C^anctihr of ibt 

Excbiqutr ohteirved, w^yid be the ca< 

valry. He, thereforr, pr9p9red to raife 

an irre|[u1ar cavalry, r* ady to a^ with 

the yenjninr}' caviirv. The number of He on the ta^le 

th's corpt might be cftimated by the 

number of hoifcs that -pould be fparcd 

from th« pu»p jfts of agriculture, ♦'he 

cumber of horfcs kept for purpofe* of 

p-cafurc, and liable to duties, amounted 

ti> 200,oco in England and Wales. 

St^me frentiemen kept 10, fomc 20, SiC 

Cif thefe he propofed that every perfon 

4(cepin}r to iMou'd find one hori'cman, 

thole who kept ^o (hoyld' find two 4 

and fo on in proportioi). With refpfft 

CO tho<e who kept but oncj he propofed. 

that they fliuuld be formed into t thiffa 

xrhere thpre (bould be a ballot, and 

every pfifon ^ould fipd one liorfe ^nd 

liorfeman. Mr. Piit then adverted tg 

tfaofe gentlemen who had taken oat li« 

cencet m gtme-ktepers, and deputationt 

for killing game; fvho, he wiAed to 

fuegtfty ^obgh n«t with Icfityi were, 

fn the Commons, the (^mc day^ f 
petiiipn was preicn^^d froip. T^ofnat 
Hay fey Hn^rll, cfo. c.amplatninff q| 
an undue returp fortnel) >rough ofCir 
lenceder. prdcfed to be c^KrnMnif 
opnfideratipn on Tuefdav, pec. {o. 

TheUoufe refoUed itfclf inco a Com* 
gtittee of Ways and Afeaqs f^r raiHnf 
9 fupply to be granted to his Majcfty^ 
and refoived to rcnevy the annual duties 
upon land and malt, inum, cider, anc 
pbrry. The repoifwaif ordered to bf 
broughtup to« morrow, and the Commiu 
(ee obtained leave to (it again on Friday. 



Of L o ft p f • 
Oihber 23. 
The Bnil oi ffrfy n^nred, th|t chf 
peti^on pf the |^arl of jLan^cnUte, 

trdm their aniufep^ent and ufe of arim, compUining of an undue return of }}if 
f^auHaHy ^jiaiified f>r defending the Earl of Erro) as OAe pi V^^ 1$ ^5.<ri ^ 

countvf I thefe, he faid, from the ny.^- 
ber of certifteatef tfluedy amounted to 
70QP1 with retne^ to thofc who hat 
aheady taken mem out, their money 
Aould be re turned ; or, if they chofe 
to canfltnae, the^ AouM hold them- 
fctvet in readinen to dcfeiid the coun« 
cry. Thefe, the Ch^mtilkr of thi £x» 
fbeqagr obferved, were only the out« 
liact of the propoBtions. Gentlemeo 

Scotland, be referred to a Committee 
of Privileges; whic,h ^ygs ordered* 

The Earl of Altray <ook the oatfaf 
and his feat as Lord Stuart* 

In tiie Commons, the fame day, the 
order of the day Wat re«d ior the ff oai^ 
to ret'olve itfelf into a ComlaiiKei 4f 
Supply t when 
Tho ^#rrn«ry tff #^#r rofe, and faid^ 
who viiied to o^eft might have a bet- that a part only of the rcfolutioni he 
tcr oppen unity of difciifliMg ihem in had to propofe to theComimttee «|e«c 
the farther Images of the bill : for rhit contained in the papera he had the ho» 

leafcn, therefore, he fbould not now 
eater into faithtr detail. A fur ohier* 
eing that, from having dated thcfe 
propofiiioas, any interpofitioa of dejay 
would hare a preportjonate tendency to 
ftrengshen the prefompcion of the ene- 
my* and weaken the exertions of the 
coiMitry ; he eooeluded by moving, 
** that 15 000 voluntt^ers ihould be rai- 
led in ikc diffirent parilhea of this king- 
dom, to be difidcd between the aroiy 
Gm^mt. Mao. jMiwr/t 1797* 

nour to lay be^rd the Heule^ but fkmt 
thofe thnt were omiiied dilfiired fo liulie 
from the accounts of laft yi&r, that the 
Committee might arery wall proceed 
without them. * He then obftiyed, th.ity 
at a faving of 3oo,oooK had -taken plaoii 
laft year, thetc wat no great room iier' 
faviogs this year* The whole force to 
be provided for at prclent waa 195,4^4 
men, cxceptinij thofe in the £aft Indiee, 
wbich w#re o« • difiitf^t eAablifluDeat. 

41 FroaetRngs In the pnjiat Stffion of ParltaminU [J*n. 

The ezp^nceof the foregoing uoald be whom the roilitia would be called our; 
5 190,721!. He concluded with mo- and that in fuch cafe game-keeperty 
iiD^ a refoluHon to that effed. and ^hofe who took out deputatlooSy 

General TarlrtOH obferved, that, if weie liable to b^ called upon. Ifgen- 
the parts not xt\itn into the eflimate of tlemen took nut deputation!, they 
the nfefcnc year were the fam^ is th«fe muft find fub(litureiy or elfe fenre/if 
of the lafty (he efiipatp of tl^e prefenl; they had not their certiticates cancele4 
year'woi)ld amount to gootOool. more before the 27th of November, i796* 
than that of the U(\, It was, howeirtr, Mr. Joi/ffff obfervCd, that this mea- 
inatter of confoUtion~to him, and like* fitre was indeed ctofely approximating 
wife to the Jloufe, ih^t the guards and the requiiitions of the French. |t was 
garrifon troops amounted fo high as a feyere hard(b<p on a faithful fcrvanCj 
.60,000; apd that, therefore, we might who would be obliged to leave hU 
V)e fecure as to the defence of the coun* mafter; and was equally fo on a gtn^ 
try. He wlU alfo happy to hear that tieman m^o took nut a deputation, at 
cht plantation- troops were of cpnlidera- b^ would be liable to be drawn tq 
V>le amounr. Hq wis alfo happy to ' fcrve in the militi:). He would oppofe 
lieair that ikfe troops in the ^ad >ndics the motion, he faid, and call for a di* 
were on a difTerent elUblifhment, a& he vtfion i but conceived it fruitlefi froflfl 
liuped that they would be now pa d by the comple^tion of the Houfe. 
the Rpft-Incfia .Company. One expence. The repoit was received, and the 
howcreir» heexpt£ted, might be f pared, . bill ordered to be re^committed. 
•wg. that of lecruitlng-money, ^s we ■ 

TOW were about 10 adopt the French h. of lords* 

mode cf ttquiQiion inlUad of that of Offobtr %Z. 

beat of drum. The land and m»lt-t3X bills met% 

A fliort conrerfA'ion afterwards en- brought up by Mr. Htbdtt from th^ 
^ed between Qn\. filoant and Mcitr^. Hou^ of Commons, ^dfeverallj fea4 
Pi///i aoti llyjjfy, ; into wl.ich Mr. the hrft time. 

'F9X intr duced fomc ohfervations oii Their Lord(hips bpard coqnfel on s^ 
the Maroon war, and the treaty lately ^cots appeal. ' ^ 

concluded with the Maroons, which he ■■■ ■— 

was forry to urderlitnd had rot l^n I(i the Commons, the fame day, the 
ftri^ly adhered to en our p.uts. order of the day being read, for the 

' Thtfe cbfcrvatiqns ^atc rife to fome Houfe to refolve itfelf into a Committee 
flriflurCs from MefTrs. Fox^ B. Ed" oJP Supply, and ihe Houfe accordio^^ 
ftfards, ^nd If tlbirftr a, fcfoUingitfcIf into the fHidCommttteti 

, — T^t CbanciUr §/' the J^xibfqMir ro{% 

II. ^F L o R D S ^ make his ptoonired propof^tion re- 

0S9ber %y fpedin)^ the unfunded N^v^ and Ex- 

The royal afient was given, by com- chequer bills. Xt had, he laid, for its 
iniflion, to^naturali?aion-bilI. The objea, to rpmove from the market aa 
commiflion^rs were, the Urd Cbaw immenfe ma(s of floating fecuri^ies, by 
'ctilor, the Aichbifhopof CMitrbury, which ji was eqcMmbertd. He con- 
and the Dcjte of Portland. folTed that the expences attending the 

..»—»-■— ■ naval depaitmcnt for the laii year had 

ln-..thcCommons,'thcfampday,Mr. far exceeded chc edimate and provi- 
J»/# moved the order of the dav, for fion which he bad made. For, the 
ihe Ho»fe«oi«ft>^v« »t^«lf in^a'Coro- amount of the navy-bills now out* 
mtitee.op the Bill for raifmg the mi- flanding wis no lefs a fum than 
litia. ^e faid, it was his iniertton to 11.993*1631. 19s. gd.; a fum whict^ 
mote, .th>t the blanks be. fUl^d up, muft naturally ovfcfiiock the marker, 
and that it be re-comraitied. deprefs public credit, and tend to in# 

Mr. j9li'Si wijhed 10 know if gen- ^Jteafe the piefent fcarcity of a circula- 
sllehien were, i»t;*U c.ienis, liable to ting medium. Tb relieve the market 
be called put J)y jtb* Icrd lieutenant, from this incumbrance was the priivcir 
^ho took ou^ dcjjatajions forfponingj pal objeft he had at prelent in view; 
•for, if'thft were the -cafe, it w:ere a and this he hoped to accomplifli by 
hardfliip .thai *Yopld induce him in fu|i4iog 'he uavy-bills, and fomc othen 
eter» fl4g« tq oppofe tjif bili# • nQW ouiftaoding, and (b<tt up to \h^ 

; .3^r. Rofe replied, that it was the lateft period. He concluded with |no- 
* kine, and not the lord-licutcnant, *bt viog, that a pioyifioh be made for pay- 

^i9t*l Pf'MidiBfs in tie pnfent SeJJion of Parliament. 43 

lag off the ntTjT- bills iflued up to the 
a7Ch of OAober, 1796, amouotiog to 

Mr- A^» Sir mniam PutU/nj, and 
iAtm Hufijt made a few ubfervaiioirs ; 
afttr which chc qucAioo was put, ^nd 
tgrccd to nim. con, 

. if. OP LORDS. 

The royal alTcotwas given, by coni- 
teilijos, to the land-tax bill, and alfo 
to the bill for granting a duty on malt, 
tauiDi ant] perry.. The commilTioners 
tyer^ the Archbifliop'ol CaMttrturj^ 
the Lord CbmKitli9r, altd the Carl of 

The Houfe then waited a confidera- 
bletime, when at lad Mr. Pitt brought 
up the bill for augmentiu); the militia; 
which» being received, was read the 
firil time. 

Mr. Hohart having brought up the 
leptiit of the irregular cavalry-^ili, « 
debate of confiderablc length enfurd ; 
Gen. Tarit/tHf Mr. Ftx, 7Ar,Shri4ati, 
and Lord Stanlty, fpoke a^ainll the 
bill ; and Meffr*. Wtlberforce^ Rydfr^ 
Put, Jtfftriii, and SwlfiLiamPitiie* 
nij, in isiwoVLr of the me^fure. 

The H'tufe then divid€l! on the re- 
ceiving; the report*. wIimi there ap« 
pt'^rcd, for it 140, againft it 30. 

Several daufea and ammdmentt 
were then brooght up, and received. 
The bill was ordered to be read the 
third time the next dqy. 

H. OF LORps.. 
Novtmber 7. • 
The fupplementar miliri^-bill w^t 
through a Concmitcee of the whole 

The county cavalry- bill was brought 
Lord GrewuilU moved, th^t it be jDp by the Ciii«r//<'0r 0/ tbi Bxcbiquer^^ 
^tinted ; and that being ordertd, he and read the iiril time. 

iaid» -thatt as it was his intention to 
bring if uQder conAderation on Friday , 
lie would more for their Lord (hips to 
be fummoned on that day i which was 
alfo ordered* 

In i^e Commons the fame day, Sir 
^d*ivmrd KnatcbhuUt io. the name of 
the Committee appointed to -try the^ 
merits of the Southwark ele^ion neti- 
■ • -^ tion, reported, that Mr. Tbomas Grew' 

In the Commons, the fame day, the vUU^ the chairman, requedcd leave of 
CbrnmiUwr %f ibt Exebeqmtr having abfence, on account of the death of a 

moved the- order of the day, for the 
third reading of the augmented militia* 
bill; and the order being read accord* 
iogly* he then moved the introduAion 
of a cUufe, the tendency of which 
was, to requite from families, in cer- 
tain cafes, money in Head of fervice. 

S r IFtUiam Ytung oftpofed the cUufe, 
aa did alfo Mr. Jothffe. 

near relation; when it was moved, 
and agreed to, tfi.u the exfufe of Mr. 
T, GriMvilfe was fufiicieot, that be be 
allowed to abfent himfelf from the faid 

Sir T. BoMgbUm Roms, in the name of 
the Commitiee to whom the petition 
complaining of an undue e e(li'>n (or 
Mal.-nefbury was referred, rtportec!. 

The Sptaktr here luggefted, that, as thnt the petitioa t^^i not frivolous noc 

the Ciauie had a pecuniary tendency, it 
ought, previouily to its being made 
part of the bill* to go into a Committee. 

The Houfe then refotved itftlf into 
a Committee on the claui'e, and the 
report was immediately brought ap. 

A lopg converfation then enfutd, in 
which Sir WiUittm Y^ung, Mr. PiU, 
and Mr. Sbtridam, ■. took each a part. 

vexatious; and that the /I'f^ng mem- 
bers, Mr. Smith and Mr. P. Tbtllujo'm^ 
were declared duly ele£^ed. 

A member of the Comroitfee to 
whom the petitioa ci-mpAaining ut aa ^ 
undue election fur Caetmarthen was 
referred, reported, that Mr. PbiiUpi^ 
the petitioner, ought to have been rc« 
turned, being duiy eie£lc1 as a* bur<« 

on a ciauie to which Sir WiUtam Young gel's to ferve in parliHrntnt for that bo* 

propofcd an amendment, requiring rough ; and that ^1.. Magens wa* not 

that perfoBS having two children Ihould duly ete^led. It was theiefore, upoa 

be exempted from ferving. motion, ordered, that the clerk of the 

Mr. P'ttt then proputed that three crown do attend to-morrow to amend 

children Should be an exemption. the faid return. 

Mr^.Sbnidam would not agree to Sir Edtw^rd li/r/^/on. iirought up a 

this,. and wilhed to take the (enfe of bill for augmenting the uumber of c»> 

the Houfe » when, upon a diviiioni nons-reHdentiarv of Lichfield ; which 

there appeared, for Mr. Pitt's propo« was read the 6rR time. 

fiyOB 9tp agiiiik h at. (To bt continued^ 

\. CtU 


itivlrtv »/ Nttv PM'iatiHHi 


P. 266. 1. ult./tfr Indoct, r. Jadocc ; 
and I. 4 from bottom, /J»r kini/, r. kin^. 

II. p. 6, 1. 10. ftr L«(if>, r. Lad/c, 
. P. 31. t. id. for sir Bartlet Luc#y, r. 
Sir Berkiliy Lucv. 

P. 86. 1. II. iXnfir Gurgun/#ri, r. 

No account i» gWen of Portchefler 
^r/cry, wh of c gate i< given from Grofc. 

P. 93. Prtvfpark, near Bafingftoke : 
this pfiorj i&j.he feat of fir Niib Giofci 

Qnarr abbey could not be valued at 
134 1, ptramuum in D^mifday Bwk : for 
which therefore lead DugdaU, 

We arc certainly much obliged to the 
compiler for his accuracy in givint; us 
the dimef[fions of Mr. White's view of 
Selborne, p. 162. 

P. «65. I. 18. r. Edward IIT. 

P. 166. Slwrrpnor caftlc is dininguilh- 
ed firom Sh^rpnor caftle, defcnbcd, p. 
1641 whereas thev are the fame. 

,P. 167. I. IT' fir T/emantlc, r. FfC- 

P. 168. What IS profefTcd to be ta- 
ken froin Magna Britannia refpc^in^ 
SikbeiUr is in leality fiom Camdep, 
and repeated twice over ; and more 
might hsLve been borrowed from the iumt 
edition of Camdtn. 

P. 171.1. 10, fir round, r. ruined. 

The utmoll confi^fion by repetition 
reisns in the article S^utbamptiu, 

P. i8i. 1. 6 from bottomxy^r Sprtan, 

P. 186. npie *, fir Canr.iJew, r, 

P. 187. 1. a5./tfrCIojiia/, r. Ciuuiac. 

P. 188. n. 1-3. fir mlUtfuJo, r. mit- 

P. 199. fir V/rioihtr#ly, K Wri- 
otbcficy ; iadfir Capt. Grol/j, r. Cdpt. 
Grole ; aifo 121. 

The account of lIchBeld boufe and 
the Vine are To repeated as to bf per* 
plexed ; and the ferics of the Sindyt 
family at the latter is made to contradict 
that given in the Topographer, vol. I. 

p. s*— 5^' 

P. 211. Neither Mr, Warner, I. 2tay 
nor the Compiler from bim, have 
thought lit to tell us the prefent owner 
of Walbamptortt a rtjftdablt cban^tr^ 
whofe tafle in gardening is fo much 
preferred to that of the moderns. 

Mr. Grofe's friepd, who defcribes 
Warbllngton caftle, fays, *' it is maiked 
in the map of Hampfliire, in Camden's 
Britannia, [Gibfon's edition,] as a 
caftle ! but he does not underltand the 
^ti9rd nfid in expUmatkn of the mark 

in the map in Camden;^' no more do. 
we, nor can we Bnd fuch word. ' 

P. 2 1 8. ♦. 1.1^, fir groMtfd, r, groul!. 

P. 22 f . 1. 6 from butt6m» r. lounda- 
ticn if ] had nothing elff. 

P . 249 Wtimimgbam fliould be capiuls^ 

V. 252. 1. 9. fir Qitfi^n'/. r. Queen. 

P. 254. note, fir Oales \Vincher, r* 
Gales Winch<5^er. 

The font is defcribed 3 /j«/i, p. 253^ 
i5b, 260. 

P. 263. 1. 7. fit pampletSy t» pam* 

Bifliops W^ltham palace is defcribed 
t^wictt p 214 and 267; ai)din the lat*. 
ter page is called, ** Wincheft'er. the 
hi^uic of the bilhop of W.altham,'*/#r 
'* the ho«f<; of the bifliop of WinchcAer 
ai Waltham. 

Wolrefey paiaci, WincheOer, p* 
261, is defcribed, p. 269, as WoWefey 
caftig and its chapel, S70. 

p. 273, 274 fir antf chapel, r. anff 


P. 274. 1. 15. fir *rrea, r. urea. 

P. 295. 1. 26. fir on fchoolmafter^ r* 
on# fcboolmalicr. 

P. 278. 1. 9. fir debilitated, r* i&bt- 
litated. • - 

P. 2.81. 1. 19. r. churciet. 

P. a8^. I. 1 8. for thofe of a eb§rijlif 
of iingiog. men, (as in Gix^fe, whence 
ail this account is taken), r. a ebmnttf 
of fiAging men. 

P^2 83. 1. a, 3. copies the inaccura*^' 
cies of Grofe, •* 1 crofs ^w," fir ptxiif 
and *' a bord. Gobon." fir n bord*f# 
gobop/. ^ •..'.. 

The acconnt'of Winchefter cnnclndes 
with extracts from Sir J. Hairtngton, 
with verfes-on the character's ot ihebi* 
flit^ps. '^ 

The laft article in this volume is the 
account cf Tb/Z/f, byMr. Caley, Gent* 
Ma^. vol. LXIV. p. 984. 

P. 315. i. penult. /fr country of 
Dorfct, r. county. 

Vol. 11. is a republication of the 
Doomfday of Hants, by Mr. Warneri 
publifhed, 1789, 4to. See yol. 

Vol. 111. The agricultural furvey, by. 
Arthur Young, for the Board of Agri« 
culture. Mifccllaneous matters rela* 
tine to the Ifte pf Wight, "ch*iefly ex- 
traded from Sir Richard Wor (ley's 
book. Hiflory of the honours of 
Southampton and Portfmouth '*', has 
the perfons who took title of eail from 
it. with portraits of Henry Wriotheflcv, 

♦ Alfegus (not A)/eg)is) andAIfelm ^nqC 
Al/elma), p. 94» were Earls of IUmffi>in. 
See DttgUaley Baronagej 1. 16. 



Rtvino tf Nna PubRcatitni, 


Ihird carU TKomas Wriothefley, fourth 
earlr lonKh'tgh treafurer to Charles II. 
Wluiam Paulet, firft marquis of Win- 
cbtflcr (copied from Mr. Tyfon's etch- 
loit of a portrait 9t Kinf^s College, 
Cambridge), Louife, Du^chcfs of PoriU 
mcfftth, 90 unfiniihedt ua-namcd por- 
trtu of a man ; and the other titles ta- 
keii from places in this county. 

Sobtriom^ whence Admiral ADfon 
l#ok hJaL title of ba'on, is notmentipoed 
id the topographical part. 

Among Gtmilfmen of note born in 

4 is county, are reckoard Earls, Bi- 
ops, &c« 
^ Portrait of Sir William Petty. 

The life of Dr. Young is from Dr. 
lohofoo ; but the compitrr, usdiOin- 
guifliJQgly, fays it was witten at my 
tequcJl, and maket near 50 padres o^ it. 

The ccclefiadical hiftory, monaile- 
ries, marcyrfy eminent divines, c'lirity- 
fcbools, follow ntxt; and then extra£ts 
from Browne Wil is's Hidory of Ci- 
^edrah, dioc^fe of Winchcftery luckily 
only the |ill of livings. 

Having done with this patcfaAirork 
liiflory of Hampibire ; in which there is 
fcarcely a paflfage new ororigii^I, or that 
has not been printed before by various 
coropilen ; and which is illui^rated bv 
few better views than Mr. 6ro(e% all 
which are here introduced; we come to 
the " HiQory of Jcrfey, by Mr. Fall 
(Fall/^, a new Edition, with great 
additions," (by Philip Morant, 17349 
8vo.) eked out from Mr. GroTe, whofe 
priots are inferted. The fame may be 
lud of the Hiftory of Guernfey, which 
loakes volume V. and is compiled from. 
Dicey and Gjrofe; and that of Sai|c is 
comprifed in fourittm lines. 

Ic is with regret we fee fuch mifera- 
ble compilations on the publick acCoun- 
ty-HiAories. They fuit no purpbfe 
out to prevent better works ; at^d can 
hardly repay their compol)tion money. 

f. The Art of Wiaking GJd amkSiher, or the 
fnhahU Means of replem/hing the nearly- 
exbauped Mines af Mexico, Peru, and i^- 
tofi ; in A Letter to a Friend. By Richard 
Pew. To %vbieb are ad^ied^ fame Ohferva- 
tions on tite Slh^ure an4 Formation ofMe" 
ta/if and 0ft Attempt to frove the Extjfcnce 
of the »|y o-tXi^^o^, the Pblogiflon o/"Stahl, 

repleo'fhed in the rapid manner our 
author \\fxc propofes. " If," lays !w, 
p. 10, *• wc could place fuch a quan* 
iky of the mcul izing principle in the' 
coarfc of the waters flow ing through 
the mine as ihould be fufficient to la- 
turare all the particles dilTi.lvcd, wo 
ihouUI be abb to produce more gold, in 
one hour, than ha*, pcrhnps, been pio- 
daced by the unalfifled operatiuns of 
matt*r upf>n matter from the creatiotv 
to the piefcnt time.*' Could tlie na- 
tions of Kufopc find or introduce the 
milaltixhg principle into tlicir rivert». 
France nred not any more to plunder 
her neighbours, nor England (ubfidize 
them, or lament the deflciency of hcc 
own ways and means* 

3. Sermon i '>rt the Principles upon which tin 
Refornuitf^n i.J the Church of Ei^gland 'wnt 
eflahlt/htdf f reached htfore the Univerjity tf 
Oxford, in the Tfnr ir^f)f at the Lr&ure 
founded hy the late P^. John Bampton, 
CaKon of Sali(btiry. ^ Riobert Gray, 
M. A. Lite of St. Mary HaU, and Vicar of 
Faringdon, Berks. 

WE hive had occafion to review Mr. 
G boihasadivinc(LXII. 5c.); «nd a« 
a travcllcr(LXIV.253. 633.). Wc meet 
him now, with pleafure, in his firft and 
original chaia£ler. Of thcfe eight fer- 
mons,.the fiift, from Jolin iii. 19, is on 
the ctfc£)$ of religion particularly un- 
der the influence of the reformation j 
in which the preacher emieavours to 
obviate the objcflion, that the influence 
of religion has been inadequate to the 
grandeur of its difpenfation, if not to 
the benevolence of its deiign ; and this 
he docs both with regard to the Jewifli 
and Chrifliao dtfpeDration«. He ob- 
icrves that the members of the Romifli 
church haye undoubtedly proved the 
folly of many do^tiinc* profcffed iii 
their creed j bur, as tlwrfc do61rines are 
conne^Ved with eflablilhed inftitutions, 
f,avourable oircumflances muft contri- 
bute to their removal. At prefent, their 
chinnpions (belter thcmfelvcs under 
qualifications and fubtcffuges difavovv- 
ed by pofitive praftice and authorit.^- 
tivc declaration. Thole who, olfend. 
ed by the corruptions of rupcrflition, 
have been led to overlook the teftimo- 
ny, and undervalue the importance, of 

the metaili^iing Principle, or thePriacipleof religion, have often borrowed its affift- 


THOSE who contemplate, iq a phi- 
kkfopiiical and moral view, the mif- 
libiefs brott^ht on the human race by 
dbr difcovery of the Spaniih We(l-iii>* 
4itiiwmil|f) Opt wiih the mines there to be 

ance, and adopted its principles*'* (p« 

• Serm on 

• " The profpcrity of ftates has too of- 
ten proved niinoss to the inte^tvt^ o| 
their ckiaradter; aiui'ih% ^t4%6L\otv& o^ 

df NiW Buhii(aUo9t. , 


..-v '"i- :■ 1 ru'-Cc'ior appears ;r. •^1,1': coipiJO" 


Ill k>l O 'V „•■>»• 

i Ills IS a flcduii'.i-n of the po^pr:! kin?- 
ii*m, from irs fiiO tlUbliihmcr.t to it^ 
ycHoratico nc the Rtformanon ; and a 
^ffinitton of the genuine a:(l Je- 
Ijifimarc c!4'nu f»; ih- chuich, lo who'e 
J'iMrirual courts Sii W. Black ftonc pays 
iuch a comptimcor. 

Sermon HI. iinm tUc fame text, 
^Jfcufics thejobliga.i .ns vvhicli txill as, 
to tht- axiopcion ot^ Chrif^iar.icv by-, the 
cifil power; and the erils which have 
been reprefcnted to fi.)W, and the ad* 
▼antagcs which ^t dcfi\c'', from ra- 
tional inftiiutions of reliji:*n; and the 
l^rouods^nd' piincipK^ on vwhich its 
cftabliihinent is m^LutaiocJ in confif- 
wrncy with the d fjgn rind fpifit of ihc 
Rsforn>V'on in tiiit C!'U::crv. 
(To l>£ cziuinuid,) 

4^. T%u»hti ttt the I.\h'erfii*ify and Vmifir- 

^.'6i/r .^ 6^ L ng (ai ul . 

THE purp-rt of this Qn^uW per- 
IbrmAACc i.i net to Le «a.tii.y nnadc out, 
Ki*^ ol'jc^t fccins tu Im (o aiccrmifl 
whct'.tT the c»piri»»i»« whkh have pit- 
>a*.!cd (0 the H'or!d have a patur^i or 
fupci04ti/r4ir(^:k><n ,; to the latter', he 
inclines to ^hii k» \V*x. rhe coninmni'* 
C2i<oa< haw n(K U«ii co^Bocd to tiiA 
lewi. 4>r ChiilUj^^y Lat l^^ve bec» cV« 
lainntdiite fuutce of UiuminatioA to 
«ti(e naen iu the paj^an u^'crLd, aad h^M 
«t »il (in,es (iVi.r*ii »r#of of an iH;i««:r<« 
(ai "cJMi uni;((V> tkeocfaey, Thctgiigli 
lie (i*j«fliji;»s iUc auibority of Central 
IpaEt. oi Scripiurv«r)*iticul illy ihf Unkf 
«if Nufnhers, Jjtkua, jHd|i«^i Rutl<a 
So)fan4!a*& ^c-:;. 'A«Mi tbt c^ ifUt: to ih« 
Kebrciv<i, wiiA w)ta< oenaeuot WMfU 
his. fu^jU.^ u i«i i-oi cj/v to fay > Im pM* 
f.'lTcr himfclf a ^c^iis ckfeniicr of re* 
V.Ution*; ami yndert^kes to piove llltt 
It was comnronicHteti m> a41 the ioM of 
Noah, aod ha* frwn^hcm been difufcd 
thrc^o^b v\\ lotiins. W« know m>C 
^vhetncr i^o aicnbe I'cv^ril grc/s blup- 
r*.(;rs tn crtlK;^:r-.piiy lo the writer or 
t te painter ; hut r.o guat (haie of the 
fru*iit:oTi qectHary Au* inveMi^atin|r 

iM.H'auig and 1(Vh r lu^jniry aje nut fvUkiOB 
ovvrlookol by j!ic ci»fi iraVnfmihty of 
liic r.eiicral, t r the CJ);^fi''ent va- 
ri!y ♦»f thofc who »trcm thcmfeive^ en- 
l*^]i:cr.ed by the difftffioa u/ a f^jp«t6ual 
. krjow'wlge*' (p. 33). 



bO njnch has i^«» f 

this beauit^ui iflin;:, rriit .... -■ 

maincd lor this ing.n ..i:> a.tit ih«>n to 
(ei them forth hv his hufin, in whith 
he ViasTcry h«>r»pi'y furc^eded, ;nid ac« 
companied his pl.\tcs with fvitable iUttf* 

6. Orininaf Lettersf feV. e/.^/V John F*i1ftwff 
«?>fi/ hii Frifuist an.i tunv jhji made fubkc ly 
a G« ^tfemoH, n DtfcfftJjMt of D^mc Quick- 
ly, Jt«ft ffamime A/56', xvh^eh han^ bettt in. 
'^f Vol](ffifmafthci^\L\t\^ Fmmify wnt^o^ 

'I'HE late impofture is now Co corrf 
pleitiv dectAled and abandohect, mnd it 9 
author withdrawn loa diHancc fKMii the 
poMio eye ; it is too much to «.{k 3 s. 
aixi 6 d. fer the fliort- lived MFmi*«HMr(it 
of an indiffereDt imiiMion of iUti epiAn* 
lery cunefpondeifee of Pafi^lfi, efpe- 
B\a\\f when (b muv gc^oiec kiur» of 
kts reintin unedited. 

7. Gf9gf4i^cal INhpAitofix i^ScoKMi |flr/9~ 
rv, C9^tuntng tin Nmmex ifPUca wtnnhmad 

C^rrcihOMi iftht Mirjtyftcd Namih mi^l^iX" 
fiuMtiwtaf tU difif^lt ^Mddi^t^ /W« 
t/i ihf. hijkritoi G/^gr€ifhy if Scttfl^ | 

nuitb li^jexmux f tbtir t*^ion$ ut tb* 

dittm C^Htmio^ vf the B^itUf lo the 7^4pr 
■ 1^05; colieffed from the htji /^tfthorititSf 
bifi^icitl ami ^ec^rafbicai, Ujf D^vid HstC* 

INSCRIBED to tbe Dake of M«nt- 
ro(e, pifiidentof'he Scotifb Akii^94irg4m 
Society, The dcfij^Q pf this wgrk if 
laudable ; but, if it is flron^ n mark of 
j»tricna)ity, to ^k4 ibe thr ** r^jiiiiOuiwars 
wiiifb tor mnoy a^s dAtpiaicd litis 
i(Und tn^the rAiux>rovu icoi^^vovcifie^ 
M.hid» have j^oAfvftcd the HiOory of 
ScctUjvi, apd v^re m^iv a bardU if bvr 
£ -ward i. acd^Unc of bU imccelliare,*' 
iSAr. M. Vtjicives, (Hat ^ perlupa ic 
iT'ght be unfair.^ He more uuly re- 
n:atkt, that Scotland has pradac«d-Bo 
Camden to illuftrate herent^uiiiet »od 
Kiftoricai gcc}>rapbf, siuth fvcb in 
4lluii»iatiua m that prince of £ogiiAi 
a«tM|Muiee Md geography liattbrQwa 
upwi choiis of his »)va conutry. Am 


' '\ 

^797,] .» . .i. . .Jt^iPmo qf- Nov PttiStnthnu 40 

aoipSe field, hitherto almoft untouched, by the Aflembly to reftore peaee ^n^ 

liee.opcqtQthf Scottiheoiiquery. profperity to the colony, end approve 

Mr& Mo Wbote plan had the appro- the conduA of the lieutenant-governor 

hiticrfk« Uu' learucd jind Worthy in his concurrence, notw}thllandin|r thft 

Xord-H»ikf, tniH9ilet dhar, (houldthe miffruided fenfibility of the general who 

^efciit pUbticatlott obintn «he approba- graoccd only lives, yet ** congraiula* 

lioaof rhepuby^k,he-inay,*pcrhaps, '* at ting him on having agaio the opportu- 

i0«t fututfc period; ancmpi a more C4^ nicy of finally and eff equally terminal 

ftibM geograbliicar'BccoUDT of the an- ting the rebellion," received from him 

tienvandprdent'irtifiB of 'Scotland, as thi> anfwer: « This I prefume slludet 

Chinidm'has Imeeutcd that of England, to the clrcgmftanccs of your wiibing to 

wffb fhffiC at^Memalioli of his plan." keep the Maroon prifoners at Marooa 

KUt^k his time to improve the account town, ibflead of fending them to tho 

of his haiive country io the new eiiition coalU I real'y rinnot ftate this to have 

of Camden. been a diffeience of opinion between 

** ■ yourfelf and mej and I am free to con- 

S. The ProcfiJIngt •/ tlr Gwaitor tmd AJ- ff*"*! that tlicir remaining in that fitua- 

femhiy of in Rrgani to the Maroon tion might have been an inducement for 

Negroes^ puB/i/leJ fy Order of the AjfemBty. ihofe itiU out to have coo^ tnf ' but I 

7# v/lfiA fs frtfixfd an introdulU^y jic- thought it wa» playing too deep a game} 

emni, cvmtalmng Ohfervathm on the Dif- and if the Maroons had given us the 

fo^i^my CLarmeifr^Man^ni. atui Habitt ef flip, J ftould h.ive had a dreadful reck- 

^nk*^'^*' Bour concerned io the treaty made by 

■ '''MR. Brian Edwards, 'of whofe " Hif- b»rt». and ratified by the Lieutenant-go- 

fforrof the'Britiih Colonies in the Weft vernor. The latter confidered the Af- 

lni*tes*' VW6 gave ato abflraC^, wf. ^embly as jiidges of final reforr, to dei 

LXIH. pp. 10*17. 1129. has hch li^jj- «de whether the treaty had been ob- 

dertaktn to vindicate the proceedings of ^efved by the Maroons. They were of 

the AlTembly df Jamaica, Id tranfport- opinion that it h»d not; and therefore 

Jog certain fav^^es, the ^cmaifas' of the Ibipped off all the Matoons who 

1500' mflaved Africans, whom the came in before aQ^ual hoftilities com- 

Sbaniatdr, t)0 ^he futrehder' of JamKica meacfd, and all who iurrendered after 

to CrdrnwAl^' tiroopi, Mr to retreat January 18 until March 10 laA, to Ha- 

Idto'ih^ WMrtrUBfra; wfmere titey' liave iifax« io North America, with cotiw 

ifMefMquen^ excurfions to barrels the miHionert to purchafe lands in Lbwtr 

EksKlh.' 'tf ir be (aid that lib injury Canada^ or WhereVelfe- hit Majcfty 

«l. .. .... ^^j- _!• L__ £L_^ "L' iL^..M .l..r^ ^ ^^ .• . C I .r ■ 

Cift De tiorffe'by tranf(Sor(ing i^en fi-om i ihould pleafe to appoint, for the prefcnt 

£pdt to which they have no inhefetot eOa.hliihment and fubfiflence of thcle 

iWht,' it might fatlsfy every candid Maroons as a free people, with the 

infod : but; "When it if farther coBfider- means of a corhfoKabIc maintenanie, 

cd, thar, 6ot\^itRIlabdiBg rbifaftiloha: till they were habiiuaicd to the counriy 

ble'doAmes of ilie tqv'alfif #/ mam, and climaic, at nj- lefk exptnce thair 

lAri^mtil tan can be viewed m no uher 25.009 1. 

Xifflt than tt the moi^ flicckiog flace of •* It has been afTtrced,** fays |lir..E» 

ferocity and bruulfty, incapable of cul- p. Ixxxi. M that the Marp(,>ns were ^ex-j 

lifa^B, dr'-reftrafnt^from religion of prelsl)[ proceaed agaioll ba'n'^menc. b/ 

htrff' v^ft^^l^^'^ bonder at tli^ mea- treaty'^ and the high authority of .t^ 

futes'takeh to remoVe fMch ioterrxip. gallant pfEferT^imfelf, >vuh whom Um 

tiogt fO\hfc~p^c*e of foeiety. v^hi(fh at! treaty was concludedt has been applif4 

the aitielef of pacificatibo aiter the ^ar to in fupport of the allcf tion. It is in-* 

<)flij^t« could hot eife^. If we fartb.eir deed .bttcoming the humanity and gcoc« 

^Ohfitftff the alarming cffe£^ of the ex* roua nature of a brave man to fliew mer- 

travagaot fyll«m of Negro liberty, held a vanquiflied enemy; and the grt* 

out by tbe w^l-mcaoiog enthuhai^s Xkf titiide that is judly due from the inha* 

PBE««o*€oiMttry» aodipe dieadful i»l« bitaots of Jamaica, to General Wat- 

Bfdc of iiich a lyMnx by our enemiest pole'^ves gr^at Weight to his opinion.* 

wo cannot eooogh applaud the wtldom Otf^ qoeftlbh ^etiiVe^n Tuck an ai>tho-' 

,wt^ Moderation of the mcafures adopted -ritj on the one lunif and that ^i \V% 
ClHT. Mag. January^ 1797* OvfttsSot 

Rtvitw if New PuilUttti$iu, 


Governbr and Affembly on the otber» 
and under fuch circumttinces (inde- 
pendent of the perfonal refpeftt and 
■ eftecm i bear towards General W. ) it 
would ill become me to offer any deci-* 
fion« the Affembly coitfidered that the 
governor was honourably releafed front 
his pledge, and that their condu6l to- 
warda the Maroon^ was dcftnfiblc, not 
only on tl^ergroundof good policy, but 
of ftriftjuftice. In lupport of their 
proceedinga, they direfbd the fubfe- 
iquent memoir to be printed in Jamaica, 
that fads might fpeak for tfiemfclvcs ; 
and they are repubiilhcd in Great Bri- 
tain for the fame pnrpofc. To the 
impartial publicktbey are fubmittcd." 
Onchi>narcddogs,u(cd by the Spaniards 
to hunt wild cattle on the mountains, 
and not bigger than the fccphcrds dogs 
in Great Britain, which, in truth, they 
much rclcmble, were fetched from Cuba. 
In the mell'4j»c of the houlc to the 
govcinor to dil'mits the chalfcurs and 
dogs, atier acknowle*lgirig the eminent 
aU vantages derived fiom them; they 
obleived*, *' Nothing can be cleartrihan 
that, if they had been oft theifland, the 
^cbel* could not have been reduced to 
fui render from their almoftiiiacceftible 


We are happy to hare it in our power 
to f.»y, that terror, excited by the appear- 
ance of dogs, haslxen fufficitnt to pro- 
duce (o /orcunatc an event; and we 
cannot but highly appro»c that attention 
. lo humanity, lo llrongly proved by their 
being ordered in the rear of the army. 
If there needed any. thing more to be 
laid in defence of this meafure. the rea- 
der 14 referred to Mr. £.'& Iniroduftion, 
p. ixvi— »xx, where he will hnd how 
weak is the comparilon between the 
Spaniaids and an unarmed, innocent, 
and defencelds race of men, hke the 
anticnt Americans and the Englilh, and 
a banditti of aiTalfins. 


pulfion, to a certain degi«t| is budiaDiiy 
and ctiarity." P. Ixxx. 

«^ Many of ll)e feutarcs wlJch de- 
form the Maroons have hither tubttn tupr 
p^fc I peculiar to men in ^-flaie'of llaveiy, 
iw undoubtedly debafe* and degrades the 
human mtr^ and dcprcffes i|^ faculti«. ; yet, 
after thepi^ore that has been exhibited of 
the extreroeot liberty, who will conleiK',sbat 

a condition of lift^, w Uich .allows the palilons 
to rage tfcithout controul or rellraint, is a 
ftato confoi mable to natui c, or conducive to happind^ of mankind ? Men in Cwrage 
lift or but a little removed from it, can 
only he m^«Je ufcful to focitty, or beneficial 
to eacli other, by the ftroug baud of AoiIk)- 
iliY. Fer(uafiouiSiOftoo(uthmctt. Com- 

9. An Account rf the Campaign in iheyfth 
Indies in the Tear 1794, under the Commutd 
of their Excdienciei Lieytenant^emral Sh 
Charles Gr^, Kmght ef the Bmth^ eutd 
Vke Admirmi Sir Jolin Jcrvis, Knight if the 
Bath, Commanders in Chief in the Weit In- 
dies, with the Reduaion y the Iflands tf 
Martinique, Saint Locta, Gaui!aloupe, 
Marigalante, Defcada, fife, and the £- - 
vcMti that fiUvwedthofe unparalleled Snc^ 
cej/es, and caufed the Loft of Gaudaloopc. 
By the /?rt;. Cooper Williams, A. M, Ki» 
ear of Exning, Suffolk, and late Chaplain 
of his Majefy's Ship Boyne. 

Mr. WILLIAMS, whom we have 
aheady had occafton to i'peuk of as aa 
author*, may lay of the events we 
now relate, not exa6tly with JEne^s, 

** Quasque ipi'e miferrimus vini/' 
but pel haps /«ij/^(^MMii. Hcpieiendsto 
no other merit but that of authenticiiy 
in his relation, and exsAnefs of his 
views. Wich bis own jouroal he has 
united that of fM ingenious officer of his 
divifion, and another friend who IcTTed 
under General Preicott during his gal-> 
lani detcnce of Fort Matilda. The con* 
queft of Martiniii^ue was atchLevcd,witk 
tittle lot's, by the well-known intrcpi« 
dity of our countrymen, and, among 
other iuiiances, one not. the leaft ftri« 
king is the attack oh jilort Louis, by 
Capt. Fauikn6r, in the Zebra flpop, of 
li guns, and ttie red of the bbats, whOf 
feeing he gallantly ran his ikip near the 
walls, lieainding hiroi mounted them^ 
and drove the enemy out of the forr^ 
hauled down the itepublican flag, and 
hoiAed the Hiitifli Union in its fiead* 
The whole fleet, wicnelling this gallant 
a£tion, tnAantly ialuted tne Britifli co« 
iouis with three, hearty cHeer>. P. 67. 
When General Dundas was proceeding 
to the attack of the Gros Morne, an4 
was. wir:mg in hiltent, a notorious vil- 
lain» cf the name of Barbaiofe, picten- 
tcil himlelf at tlie door of the tent, de« 
ntandipg to fpeak with the General^ 
who, to drive him away, called to thtf 
lentincl to •* bayonet the fellow ;" oa 
which in his fright he dropped a daggcK 
lutll QiUJy and on being Icized pioved 
to be the allalTin of a French royaliU. 
The redudtion of St. Lucia and Gauoa- 

* See his Deicription ol Sinlelcy paitie. 
vol. LXI. p. 930. He was appointed 
chaplain at Gaudaloupe-f but Governmctit 
did not think proper to ounfirm that np- 
poiounenu * 



» m 

Reviiw 9f New Puhlicati^ns, 



loupe foHow next in detail. Chap. XT. 
it taken up' with the refutation of i\\z 
charges of extorted contributions »nd 
opprefBoBS againft the commandeis in 
chief by interefted individual. It has 
always been undcrflood, that property 
found in any place taken by llorm or 
aflfauh became the property of the cap- 
tors. The eflatcs of the emigrant 
Royalif^s had been fequtfVered, and the 
produce bf them fora by the agents of 
the Republic; con re(|uently all manu- 
factured (>r colleAed produce on them 
b<came» in like manner, by his Majrf. 
tyS gracious bounty » <he right of the 
captors: aH the produce and mcrchin- 
di<e in the toVvo ^nd the veflels Wcfe 
difpo'ed of by public au6)ion for the 
benefit of the captors ; but thole on the 
eflates, manufactured and packed ready 
to be brought down to the pons for em- 
barkation, were ranfonied by contribu- 
tions propofed by the inhabiiaos them- 
felrts, as falling more eafy on them, 
and confequcntly being preferable to 
confifcatiort. But mark the lequel 1 
They received the forfeitures, and 
then endeavoured to get rid of the com* 
promife which- themfelves had offered 
by iDfainous mifreprefentatioBS of the 
coodu€b of thofe commanders, whofe 
l^cjicrofity they had experienced. No 
fooner had they fhipped off the propeity, 
mod got fafe aWay from the power of 
tl^ commanders, than they began to 
demur at paying the 4^ipuUted fum, 
particularly at Su Lucia, which idand 
nad agreed to pay 150,6001. A dcpu- 
tatioo was Tent to England, to anticipate 
ttie flory of the commanders, on which 
plan the agents tor the prizes had the 
concurrence of maay of the Wejd- India 
traders, who had carried on an illicit 
trade with the French ifl^nds before they 
were capcured* and 10 confequence 
thereof had at the tin^e of the capture 
immeofe debts owing to them. While 
thii plot was carrying 00, the General 
sod Admiral were proceeding anainft 
Guadalottpr, little fufpicious till the 
dirparcnes from England difcovered the 
fuccefs with which the artful flories of 
this party had been attended. Thus 
was the unparalleM good order^ with 
which the army and navy abftained from 
plaodering, rewarded ; and none of the 
contributions were ever paid, except 
a part at St. Lucia, nubicb «i*0i afur- 
ViMtJt rffunded. The lofs of Guada* 
loupe was occafiooe'd by lefTenin'g the 
force intended to be employed againfl 
ixj the reft divided to garrifon ihe coa- 


quered places. General Dundas was 
dying, ind every poll reduced 10 ex« 
treinity by a ficknefs, not to mention 
the trc>achery «r cowardice of (everal 
French royalills. Vi£\or Hughes, tiiat 
inexorable tyrant, who, tium a petty^ 
innkeeper iu Baifeterre, mailer of a 
fmall trading- vcfliel, lieutenant in th^' 
French navy, became a deputy in the ' 
National Allembly, and re -took Gua« 
da*oupe. This finely- printed work is 
embelliflifd with fix Urauti/ul aquatinca . 
plates, two fm all, and four large, repre* 
feoting the town and bay of St. Pierre^ 
two of the (loiming Fort St. Louis, and 
one of a bridge over the Gallions. 

fo, Stri&urn en the Conefuef of the Rev. 
George Markham, M. ^4. Ficar of i^.^tU 
ion, hi Y«rk(hfrc, ocirtfaned by bis Pre* 
fecution cf fcveral Aiemberx of the Fetf'e ■ 
ra/Uii Qui\/icrSf /9r their Non-payment of 
TitUi ; in a Letter to R****» VV*«», of 
H«»*», A Member of that Society, By . 
Charles Wdfoiu 

AFTER obfervine the progicfs of 
persecution from the Clergy of the EAa- 
bliihment, too focin after the Rcforma- • 
tipn, to the DiUcDicis, under Crom- 
well's Ufurpatioo, and its return to its 
original fuurce upon the reflor^uion of 
Monaichv, and to the furious rigours 
againfl Quakerifm io -the Wtdc^rn-* 
world, at thai timgpispUd by th$ji nvbw 
bad Jit d t9 avoid ptrjaution berei the . 
author congratulaies the Church of' ' 
England, ** that the f^ain, «ihtch dif- 
graccd the purity of her principles, ex- 
tends no farther than the ages alluded 
to 'f for, (incc thit time, toleration had 
been granted to ail j imprifonmeni*, ■ 
6nes, confifcations, and arrells, on le- 
iigiou*> accounts, are sow become as the 
taiC) of other times — lecitals of ctuelty, 
at which homauity mud (budder, and 
decency blufh, are not to be found— >/i6# 
in/fanct befort ui ixaptiJ^Q the ex- 
perience of the prcfcnt day. Ic never 
could be the principlt of the Church of 
England to pcrfecute -, and it is now 
happily neither lier principle, nor her ; 
praaice." He pays a high compliment 
to the prefent Bifliop of London ; and 
proceeds to contraU the character of the 
vicar of Carlton, who, according to the 
ftatement printed anddiAributeu by the - 
unhappy obje6is of his vengeance, in- 
(lead of acquiefcing in the reafonablb '' 
recommendation of the Bench of Juf«. ' 
ticts, preferred the delays of an exche- 
quei-procefs ; and, after carrying hit 
caufe, continued the luU l\\V ^ ucc\«e 
Wdi% obiaiued igaiaW iVic dcieuiiiiu ^ot 


Rtv'uuf tf Ntw PubRcatitnt. 


the tithes^ and •oils of fuic, which lad 
amounted n> 183 I. ; and, after be'in|; 
liai railed with the pruceedtnf^s near fix 
veart, ilicy were/ by atochmcnM, ta- 
Icen and imprironod in York ^tol, where 
ftill rcRUin mb(^ of them', in low cir- 
cuAAanceiy dnd all of tht:m dependant 
qA ihtir' ittdutUy for ftippori *. Not 
CO nieittibn ihac thd Undlords of ^et^effill 
of ch< prifonfcrs hare paid 'Mr. M. a 
«^p<;hfaltnb for his «leniitndi; Mr. W. 
CAicludes with admitriog, tlrfic thoogh 
I lie principle f^^r which thefc poor men 
ate fufTtring is'one in which he does not 
jdfin ihttTi,abd which he (hews to be a mif- 
tikenif nocin ahfu id one , though ir does 
noriherfce f\»ilow that it is noi a princi- 
ple '#ith thefn, fend ic is every man's du- 
ty CO aft ttp to that which he beheves to 
be right* We cannot, however^ Help 
being of opinion, tliat, had theft offen - 
ders nor been QM:t|ccrt, they mi^itt have 
lemained in Yora caAlc double %he time 
without exciting notice ; for the obfti.- 
nlcy of fctting up a hiodus <vl)i<;h thty 
cduid nt)t fuppori ; and' the l>ein^ calitd 
on to pay cofts of fuit happen* tp in* 
numerahie othet fanneny &c. 

I r. EJfap on Agneulture^ Kcajkned hy read' 
ing Mr. Stone's Ref^rt on tbs prefent Uta/e 
^ ibiit SrieiKf In the County of Linculii. 
Bj a 'Native of that County, 

THIS reiulc of the obfervations 
which the aurhot waf defircd to m^ke on 
Ml. Stone's Repon to the Boarii of A- 

Gibbon wa9 trufted with himfelf, tl«a 
itrfdnt at 14, in the focicty of Oien, with 
the management of hi» -purie tfnd par-; 
fviits at an allowance larger than nectf • 
fary, and with the power. of command* 
ing an indefinite latitude orcT6dit»!' 
there is no longer reafoa tp wonder that 
hts rciidence in cuUetfo did not jexcfcd 
tiz monOti* tliat his henaviour was inv- 
guiar, and. was ohfecvcd and Ft(«Bte4 
as (uch, or that the coUcgcTery rta^ 
dily embraced^ at the 14 monUn end* 
an opportunity of for ev<r Ihwctifig 
their gates agdinft his retunr. Hit' 
crude opinion^ of our Englifh Univer- 
fitie^ were the o pinion* of a boy, whOf 
by bis own confjpflion, was boc fMfB- 
ciently iroprpved to be abl^ to judge .of 
niattcTk Tq important. In Magdalen 
Col!tge|tl>e dtciamations of which Mr. 
G. appeal s fo ignorant, arc itiU conti- 
nued. Pteheian and patrician- ftudeots 
are |ubje£i alike ;o the liiijemry and Pe*> 
ligious regulation of the hovfe^ and both 
arc compelled to keep the full term.- 
Tiic terminal excrcifes ob the f iclcnc 
plan are not, it ib true, of more than 30 - 
years Handing ; but a faithful aid accu* 
ratcf hilVoiian would not have omitted to 
notice them, or the public «KMreile»ob« 
ferYcd by tlie Batchelors of ArU prerU 
ous to tne degree of Maftc^'.of Arcs* 
His charge againit his tuior^ Dr* Walde« 
grave, is equally unfair ; ho atrenced 
his Ie£lures but fix weeks in the.whoU* 

and in tlut time read threcor four playa 
gilfikuUure,' amotints to a reprobation of of Tcitnce, and was not qualified by 
a ^fwfrtf/ Boaid of AgriciiUure, and^a any previous prcp^ifsiriuo befoje he 
prtfcrencc Or agriculturul lucictics in qaitted fchool to improve in the lec- 

cv'cry county in the kingdom ; a gene 
r>l one for each countv, and umlci thele 
fuiiordinatc one». •• Perhaps it mi^bt 
with truth be faid, that the B'. ard of 
Agricuftnre knew liitle of agriculture, 
but by hearfny ; and befidrs, having no 
Icj^ifliiirc capacity, cannot fin;»lly I'c- 
termiue. Goctromen^ can undcnialily 
pitetiFr^ to tlicii will; hut ihc\ arc 
not farmers, nor com^petcnt jud«;?.s to 
cictermine the fate ot iht firuncc with 
any good profpefit of lucccfs." 

12. A /^''■■» or 7V«;, :n K"J/r,2ti'^t rf thf 
V::it€rf:ty of Uxf ;r.», a'r.i cj V2 3 £;«.'. ali il 
Coilewe in f>artii:Jiiri fim :be l^ybutncus 
j>ifpe*jit,m (f M' . tr:!>bon. 

WHfcN It i< conhdcfed that Mr. 
^ ' " ' •— 

* In this ckfc it ftated Uial the fociety 
*has noi, i •« geueraUy imAgineii, any fund 
of pecuniary rthrf Utr fuchas li^itain loilcs 
of t*i:3 i;?.!uie, Uf.lefs their neLclfitics ren- 
der tlicm ^-rupcr ohjctU of charity. 


turing after he quitted ihr tutor's room. 
His other tutor is not oau»cd, a& if ho 
wa« conicioui Itc -had nvcrll rained lite 
truth, as he did when he aliened thatai . 
a gentleman- commoner he was pennit- 
ted to afliiciaie with the f«llnwr, a cuf- 
t(«m which never eaiAcd. , His charge 
a^ainll the felluw< of Magdalen Col* 
IrfSc, as heiiig iilje ponks, is aniwcred 
bv iliC names and lahouisof Kenoicott 
and Home. Not will the parallel he- 
tvieeo h\y expu!h«in and ilut of I.iOcke 
from Chi ill CliUich ho-d. Locke was 
rc-movtd ftom i«is lludvOtftiip on a (up* 
p^liiLon of f.i£^iou$ and difloval heha* 
vioui' by Claries II. as viliior of the 
c(!ii:ge ; . G;l)lx>n wa& rcpulled from 
Ma^ilaien College, and from the Uoi* 
veituy itfclt, for his irrggtilaritj and 
extravagance. Of twenty prolefTor^^ 
fifteen ate cUiirly -exculpated from Mr, 
Glhhon's charge' of o^t reading led UEea,. 
tod cveu the rcll liafc publiCbcd^ cjo- 



»/ Nm PtbUeatim. 


Ai the mticer now iliods» peor per** 
foDs wUl often die, leaving families, and. 
their fettle mcmt unkoovyn.^ and popu- 
lous towns will.fooo fcej thejinporuni 

fequently ** the greater part of the pub- 
lic profeiTors have moi altogether gi^n 
op even the 'preteAce of teaching.'* 
The writer malces foinc bt^ief remark a 

OB Mr. Gibbon's mifreprefentatioQS of confcqii^nccfs wc hare mentioned, 
the Chrlftian religion and' the Church 
of England; atfd bids '* Adieu to the 
philolopbical teprefehtatiye of Lyming- 
ton, m borottgl^ which, if wc conlidclr 
the afhur- of Brorhert, has hM tlie fin- 
gular fortune of returning to the Bri- 
ti6i fenace, in the fame century, and 
alaaoft in the fame feffion, the moft 
fttptie^^- ind moft crgdMhuSg of its 

Qhriti { /» Himff^ his G^wrmm^nt, bU. 
Ofui^ CeTc. Bj the J^. Robert Eleming^ 
(Aifber rf tU*^ Dijemrfi w the Ri/t mmd, 
F^iftbt F^tf^yr) M^i ii T'm^ 
Fartx. J?> Alexander CteeVe; ^. 7. 99-' 
€ar »/ Wsoler, NorMiumberland. 
TBOUGH it does not UXX withm. 
our plan co re riewat large re-jpubliflicd 
books of old date, ytt we willingly 
give fome general account of liich rc« 

^ fpeftable and weil-inteadcd perform- 

ibt-CburcbandVoi'^ imaUttlrtotUij»d ""* •• the abridgement now before 

J9(/?op 9^ Lincoln. By tiClag^mMntf that 01. Tjie fubjcaof the work U thus 

Ditcefe. divided : I. A general view of ChrilN' 

SHEWING, experimentally, that ^'^KT* *=<=• !*• The Logoi/or an acr 

inclolures are prejudicial to both the count of Chrift as fuch. IlLTheLo- 

c?ergY and the poor. pawhrppos , or Chrift ai he is the. 

We find fome ufeful hints concern- Word made M4D. IV. Logocracyi 

ine the fitoation and value of allotments ^^ Chfift's governmeni. both of the 

13. Be/leakm om thi Cnufy ef imckfimg Com- 
m FifiJ Lands, fartiatlarty a% it afit£fs 


to the clergy, buildings, and the con* 
dnd of commiffioners for inclofuie, 
which is, in truth, fometimes very re-' 
pfrhenfible. At p. 8, there is an in- 
ftance of ignorance concerning the poor- 
Ittri, which is fcarccly exc'uTabic in an 
author. It is (aid, ** The law forbids 
a removal from their parifli, without a 

certificate." By an aft) which palTed . 

Tune 11, 1795, P^r p«rfons may go p«rl contains extraQs from ilje Chrift* 
any where, and remain undifturbed, ©logy, m the way of "auxiliary propfip^ 
until they become aAually chargeable. «'««»» fubordinate explanations and 
This, we mav obferve, is a law preg- notei," p. 8. • 

naot with very important Confcc^uenccss As far as we can judge of thia a- 
efpecially to populous towns ; and bridgcmenr, vuhout havieg Teen the 
there fecnis to be one grand defcft in it, original Work (which is very (carce). 

wofldi and church of .old, as the Lo* 
gos. V. Chriftocjrac^.; orCbrift'sgo* 
vernment, as he is Loganthropos ; 
with rcfpcA both to the worfd in gene* 
ral, and to the Church in particular^ . 
fincc his affuming our nature, pp. i, a. 
This part df the work concludes with 
fome excellent '* fpiritj^ and pra^ical 
thoughti,'* p. 379, &c. The rtcos4. 

which it may be ufeful to notice. The 
power of (ending for by warrant, and 
examining, poor perfons iikeljj /• bt 
chargeable, did not belong to ju dices, 
before this a£^, by any exprefi ftaciite, 
btitoaly by ntccffary implication. Being 
aathorzed by 13 and r4 C^p. II. c. 12, 
to remove fuch pcr(on«, they mull of 
nccelfiry fend for and examine them as 
to their fcctleifienr. fine the power of 
removirg ruchpcifons being now taken 
away by the ziX in queflioo, the power 
of a compulfury examination fcems to 
be gone vAih it. Jultices (hould have 
had thrs power cxprcfOy given to them 
by a claufe m this a6l', together with 
the power of atijudging and declaring '■ 
felclemeots, as Is done muft wifely in 
the Friendly Societies A^lf 35 Geo. Hit 

it (eems to be. executed witp jtidga- 
mcnt, and to be what the editor pro- 
pofed, a clear and weli-conneAed 
compendium ; and we recommead it 
to tb'e noffce of divines, as exhibiting 
undoubted proofs of M;-. Fleming's 
learnings critical faeacitf,,' piety, and 
humility. An cxcelleiit fpectmeo of 
the two laft qualities ma) be found at 

1 5. The Tnil c/ the Caufi of thf King agaim/i , 
the lii/hup o/Bangtjr, Hugh Oweii^ D,D. ' 
John R.«.berts, John V^WWmt^^j (Jirri^Sp and 
Tnom'js Jones, Gmiieman. at the yijjixjt% 
hnldtn at Shrcw(buryi «« ike 26/A j/^ July, ' 
1796, hffore the HofKurahfe Mr, 'Jufiicl 
Heal h, Ay tf ffeciai Jay', "lateen in Short- 
hand iy iff, Gurney. 

THE difagrccabl^ ciKamllancei , 


Rnnito »f Ntw PmUkatianu 


which prodace<1 thtt trial, and the ho* 
nourdbie ifiue to which it was brought, 
by 90 acquittal of the fevcTal deftod- 
iir.ti, are fuflicientiy )cD«»wn already to 
the public. Thofe, however,. ^i» ho 
^ifli to exuminc the detail of the jtKil- 
cial proceeding?, will h^ed do rccom- 
mendAtioD from us, of a rcpoit which 
is fao^ioned by the eflabliihed credit 
of Ml. Gursey. 

and dignity; neither glowin|t \vith the 
fire of natuie. nor pojiflied with the 
elegance uf I hetoric. Amung the ma* 
ny etamples of inferior, cliough confi- 
derable, vices of compojitinn which are . 
icatterejd through this psn^phtet, not. 
the leafi of them is the licentious tn* 
termixtu.'e of poetical words, which 
frequently occur, fuch as eitdiu, and 
nlumimi t the latter is impnipcrly ufcd 

in another reipc^t; it applies to a ligbi^ 

j^.^-iDefcnetofth'R'gfrtRrt/ereHJttfTjsrd and not to ^ ji^uu. There are alfo 

Lijfop of Ba igt^r, with RovA-ki on nmrjl fonic inHAncts of ignorance, «^ich, if 

tytrtt^'Jinary Tna!. Fy the Rev: ft i Rice 
Hughs?, A. M. dTme'fiic CLif>'a'n to the 
Hi (rat UottouraUt the Earl Poiilclt, and 
lite of St. Jo*ifi's College, Cambridge. 

THE particular prcjuilict which ;'p- 
|)eared to hav« been C'lucived againi^ 
the BiOiop (jf B.ingor ha« broAfght ihi> 
champion into the fie'd, in beh<*lf, as 
it (li'iu d feeil) from this pimphlct, of 
an aggrieved and outraged prelate. If 
^Ir. Hughes's Itatemeriif aie correct 
(and he ufes no obfcuiity in h'S 
chaiges), tbe publick have nor, till 
now, been fully acquainted witli the 
tram wh^ch brought forward this tx- 
cmordinary ti!>l. This, defence is c<>n- 

Mr. T. did not T) cnnfiden«iv and 
glibly taik of ** men of reading," we^ 
i^oufd For obvinuf^reafons have paflTed 
in filcDCC. We find rot mi for rcttitngj 
M*ntioraM€j for h/lommitrtnei ; Heliag^* 
bulus for Heliogahalus \ HfJIoir for* 
Hifloirit &c. Alc. Hp fpeaks of the 
celebrated imaginary conrvivonwealih of. 
Sir Thomas More, witiiouc a^ter«ding ^ 
to tbe orthoi^raphy of the word which 
dcncttfs it; fince he ca Is ii Eatifna io- , 
Head. of Utopia* Bui the moft remSirk* . 
able example ofc^inHdept ignorance '\% ^ 
that in which he fpeaXs of the fate of 
Socrates, and in which he chaHUei . 
what lie calls the hifloiicHlmifrepi^fen- . 

dufied withfpiiii, tcmpei-, and i«f.)r- tation of Dr. B UVtt in his Sketch rf 

nation; the remaiks lipon the evi- 
dence, 3rd the judi^t's charge, are per- 
tinent and fuit:>lc ; and tbe whole. 
prefents an importaht fupplciiiei^t to 
the legril proceedings in ih« couttsof 
Shiewibury. '.. 


17. The Ri»hti of Na/tM-ff a^.iinfi the Ufur- 
fatt^ni t>f E:fnol:Jhn:nt^. -V Siriei of Let- 
ten to the I'eopfe cfGic.ii Brnain, on tbe 
State cf PuhUc ^'iffuirs, and 0*1 the recent 
Efi*ftvn of thf Right Htnourabt: tc'imupd 
Burke. Ry John Thelwull. Letter fhe 

THE ftylc appears ro us extremely 
exceptionable. Mr. T. ought to re- 
collet that, in all atte.Tipts at fuMime 
clotiiicncc, wh^u-ver is nut itilmirabie 
ii ridiculous; bu'. fnrgetiui of this 
iinqueflionable rriaxim, he ha^ engaged 
in cotcrprizcs bcvou^l ins powcis. He 
has auenipicd lv*o apollr-^j'^hci 10 N«- 
turc and Humanity ; which the genius 
o^ Ri^iiir.-iu migiic have nude jMiiictic 
»nd ma^n ticeut, but which, in the 
hindi or ihc prcfeni wri;er, are only 
ci/m>n<'in-ilace Icniimtots, in \v);:ch 
tike fcaniy lijck of thought, is buried 
under an accu'iiulaiion of gaudy aod 
unmeaning Wi>ra8.; n^'t Ajwing from 
the heart; no\ labourrd hy t^He; aliKe 
4eftttlte of rpirii iuiJ aft, oi a.R^>licity 

Democracy. Mr. T. has difcovered 
d truth of which Xtnophon and Plato, 
never dreamed, that tbtir illuflrious 
mailer was *• a fans-cuhli^ liBmnr^ 
the predccelTor and pri^iotypeof O att.r 
Henley! The mod modell and peace* 
able of men, who abilaincd from all 
concern in the adiHiniliracion of public 
aflfjiis, and who feUed with his bloud . 
the piinciple of a paAive and unlimittd 
ohedicnce to the laws of his country, 
is transformed by Mr. T. into a de* ■ 
mo'c^tic incendiary. If Mr. T. had , 
drav.'n his information from puier , 
fources, he might have learned that 
Sbciaies, on account of the crimes of 
his friend and pupil (one of the i 
thiiiy tyrants^ and not one of their 
** llate-Uwyeis,*' a« Mr. T. oallshim), . 
was accuied of a bias towards the aril- ■ 
tocraiic party. The acculaiion was 
iiuiccd faifc ; for, the venerable fage 
W4!» an unpaitial mrxah^., and uoj^tfic 
alict.or of any fadion: but even the 
f^ife accufftiou povcs that he (who, 
by the way, nevei itduied) was not a,| 
eitmOiratic le6\urei. The aiculatton, -. 
idilc ts it was, had probably (uii<e (bdic 
in his infamou^ judiLikl murder { which 
is fo foul a l^iin on the Attieoiau de-, 
iTiocracy. Au)tus, ^\^o is " damned 
to cveiUHio^ fdoie/' as the €hicf accu« 


» 797-3 

Rtvuvi »f Ntv) 

fer of the philofopber, waf one of the 
mod ooted demagogues of hit limea 
and h»d eveo rendered forpe fignal /er* 
▼ices CO the liberties of bis countryf 
.which he contributed 40 refcue from 
the yoke of the ih\rty>tyraots. Fifty* 
Tour years after the murder of Socrates, 
the tribunal which oondcmoed htm was 
thus addreHed by ij^lchtnes : *' Yuu 
who condemned to de<iih -the fo^vlnA 
Socratet, convified of- having i^iven 
icfloQ^ to Criti^St ODC of the thirty ty- 
rants who dedroyed the democracy^/' 
F:cret, one of the mod profound and 
ifagacious critics of the prcfent ag«^f 
thinks the murder of Socrates in to} dei^ree afcribsble to the jcatoufy 
aad refcDtmeat of the dc nioc« a :ic fac- 
tion. . 

The founder of the Chrifiiao reli- 
gion, the meekeit and mod panhc of 
moralids (waving his ciaiirs to a 
higher chra^^er), . is rcprefented by 
Mr. T. as a turbgleu: innovator, aod 
a ** joKS'C^tcu phi orop'^er.** That 
comiDuajty oi ^ood'> uhicU was al.Tioli 
i6;tlized in the loUnc ciiurch u^ J«.u« 
falem, by the ^cnerGlHy acd chancy of 
the richer members ^ows^rds the-.r pt/(»r 
bieihren, is repre(eni«d, in drrianceof 
the whole New Teftamcrj, as a fyf- 
tematic prtaciple of primitive Chi it^ia- 
nitjr. Theffe (laiemenrs may feem n«w 
ai \veil as jufl to the uointo meii ^Mrt 
of mankind : but " men oi rc:;ding" 
know them to be ftaie and cxf^loded 
conceus, as old as they are gr<iundlefs; 
ofieo abufedy againft the qii:cc'of fnci- 
kty, by pernicious fanarics, and re> 
peated<y confoied with unanrwernblr 
and fupcrfluoui force of argMmtnt "^y 
kholans and diTine».' 

M*-. T. informs us tharthc number 
ef ChriliiaOk in China or Japan, ai the 
time of the catirp'iiifln of Cnrifhaiitty 
frum ihofe vali mirptieS| prolr^hly did 
tot amount to eight hundred. It 
wojid he well if men would read hif- 
fory before iftey either wruic or fp^'ke 
iiH.ut it. The vaft multitude of Chnf- 
Itao conTerts, in both tnofe emp^res^ 
is perfeAly known co all who have ta- 
ken the troub e of coofuUing ibt ori- 
fical and authentic accounts of the 
C t tfJMn miffions in the E^ft. _ 

* >£fjijn. in Tmurih. p. 287. Mr. 
T.feenns, iti his note, p. 23, 24*. to have 
fjoUn in;o the incO'Ceivablc nii{>ake of 
lui<poti&g that Soci jce> was put to (Ir^t'i by 
the th;« ty lyrantd I The de^tth of Socrtt^ 
l»iK pi^ce three year^i after t& re-cfta* 
yt'iM^yqr uf the Jctiiucracy. 

PuhlicaihtU:. m^ 

The moft olfennte circumftance be- 
longing to this' pamph)«!r ts the ^tu« 
Unt fcurrility with which the author 
has treated Mr. Buike. To protc6l 
the ploiy and fame of gre-tt writers 
from prefumpcuous and licentious at- 
tack is one of the m^ft natural, ^s well 
as one of the moft plealing, offices of 
literary criticifm* The republic of 
letierti, like every well ordered com* 
munity, has diderent dagrets of efli^ 
bliOied rank and dignity, with a (yllcni 
of niauaers and rules of politenern cor- 
letppndin^ to ih^t variety of' rank. 
Every member of it, howercr obfcurc, 
pofl'eil'-rs the. moll unb'.iunded rij^ht ro 
difcuis With perfe^ f-icrdom the <rpi« 
nions and reafou'b^ Oi* every other: 
but, in the exercile of this right, all 
mt-n are bound to obferve the rues 6f 
decency. OhCcure men o*ve fome de* 
fcrence to cilaolifhcd reputation ; and 
mru of moderate taienis ought to lhe\r 
fame reverence for men of fuperior ge- 
nius } but Mr. Thelwall has thought 
k fecmiv and becommg in Utm to apply 
to one of the greatcft w; iters. fuch Un- 
gurtge as the following t '* hit ding ' 
apoiiates,' * hireling piunderert/ * n- 
orouft paapers,' • purchaied p.inderr* 
of official corruption,' * grey>lie4f^iil 
pcnliiined apoiUtes/ * pfiHioned fr|hi 
dcr,* * gity-headed pri»corat»»r of prn- 
kription and b t»od/ • bjlc renecailt.* 
* peniiooed proHiu'e,* ^ iliftr-i^^tin^the' 
world with the ravin^i of Bedlam, /lud' 
the filthy Joc^uactty of the Itews/ &:* 
&c. All this Unguarde, howev.T^ it 
nothing to one word whicfi remriiu'. 
Be It alio known, then,; th<)t .he t:i» 
fHid Mr, John ThelwMli h\% deemed ic 
d«;ctns and proper for htm to cilt E.^« 
maud burke *s.fcrtbbUrV ^^r m# 
4Li maj'ira tt'ftrvo ? 

iS. Thf P^ticiil tyorki -if the Tiev. *J-\fn09l 
' Biihop^ j4 M. lats iiiad Mafier if Mer- 
chant- Tailois Sch«-()1, Rf^ot ;/ St. f»t.i.«» 
ti;i, UiKwicli, London, and 01 D .t 1., i« 
the County if iCent. To xvbicb we frtfixtd\ 
Mcnniri if the Life •f /o; Author hjt bt 
Rev, i humjs CUre, A. Af. 

THESli vuUtiics are me property 
of Mi>. H fhvp; «nd every pcffun « f 
t^lle will De obtij^ed lu ner, that Lhe 
ha) DO: wiih^e.d their coiicenis f oiU 
tiie wo. Id. The care of Ctletiion and 
arraOf^emcDt hts devolved upon a 
fri«udy who has prciixrd a (hurt -ic- 

* The vb'ord is r\i..t E^^uh m (he kat'e 
tt w4uci^ it u her^ ukto* 


Rmtw. af Ntw PahRedtUns. 


cooot of kh# life^nd clianiAtr of. the 
■uthor> written W^th no unbecoming 
paruaUty. . 

In many of the pniicsl vutrks Utely 
oflfered to the publick» there h»t ap- 
peared fo much. of. art and affe^a- 
tion, fo much of .the ^rick of poetry, 
that men of judgement have .turned 
away with difj^uft from abfiird and cx« 
travagant cooceptiovf^ laboured and 
unmeanip^defcripjtions, inflated and 

in this difficult fpeeies of compofition, 
than in any other;' and we muft be 
conreac to aflign him a rank beneath 
Dry den, Gray, and Mafon, though 
we may daft him abore Akenfide, 
and the herd of Ode-writen. 

<■ The Hymn on the Sprin| it th^ 
cirlieA of the AuthorH produSioni iii 
thit col le A ion," being written when 
he wai fcarce twenty years of age ; we 
ihall extraA a few ftanxat for the 

iiniotetiigibte. didton, defpairing-of puipofe of (hewing bow far he had 

again beholding the return of (im* 
plicity and naturr. Words i^ithout 
ideaty or at the heft i4eai without 
force or point, gliding fmoothly in 
languid and monotonous numbers, 
have wearied the attention of the cea* 
der, who has thrown afide the rolume 
without having retained a fiogle 
thought to i pay him for the trouble 
of the perulal. 

. The poems, which we now review, 
are of ^ very different clafi ; they are 
diftinguiCbed by originality of fenii- 
ment and purity of language, and will 
sot fufier upon; a comparifun with 
fome of the beft compofitions in the 
Eoglifl) tongue^ Mr. Biihop. evidently 
^ffelTed a Brilliant imagination, uni- 
ted with unufuai powers of expreffion s 
he appears to have improved hit na- 
tural talents by the, flwdy of the mod 
correct models ; and to have bellowed 

fixed the purity of his fiyle at th^t 
period of hit life. 

The bright aflemhled worlds oa high • 
Roll CT>nftanttt>ro' tiie liquid fpacoi 

With fparkling glories gild the iky. 

Where efy great hand defchbes their 

The dew -bent clonds, for Theei tfael( 

Diflill the gentle, kindly (how*rs 
Or, ready to fulfil thy word, 
The fierce, impetuous torrent pour. 

Re{lr;kin*d by thee, the fanning gales 
The thick woods* waving fur face fweep* 

Or, loos'd, ruih bead-long thzo* the vales« 
And plow the hoarfe-rdbnoding deep. 

> ■ . • 

After this hymn foliow two happy 
imitation! of Milton--'* The Man of 
Tafte^and *« The Preacher ;"— which 
laft is in blank verfc, and .in every 
rcfpe^t worthy of high cummeodation» 
whether we regard the fublimity of tfao 
conceptions, or the energy of the ex« 

a high degree ot finifhiog upon the 
greater part of his. woiks. .There are 
tome unequal paiTaget, fome errors of P'^"^Ji°* ■. « " .. 

ce and inattention, and the , " Th« Fairy Benifon. 

author is occafionally too food of a 
quibble or a q'.iaintphrafe; but in ge* 
;9cral his thoughts are juft end ex- 
prelTed with clearnefs ; feveral of fus 
com politic ns may be regarded as 
flandards of elegance j and it might be 
difficult to point out a work of tqual 
magnitude and vaiiety, wherein there 
is (o little to cenfure, and fo much to 

The 6r(l volume begins with an 
*« Ode on the King's Marriage.^' It 
is fpirited and poetical, though per- 
haps left piedfing than that ** lo the 
Queen on her Birth-day," which' fol- 
lows, and is marked by a peculiar 
firain of feolibility. Of the remaining 
O^Sf that " On Eloquence" claims 
the £ift place; and the irregular ode 
^''Oai'nrftruraents o£ Mufick" proves 
at onoe the flrength of the writer*s ge» 
Dius, and the accuracy of his ear. 
Yet it muft be allowed that Mr. Bi« 
fli>>p's talents appear to [ch advantage 

"an interluda 
dcHgned for the ftage, but- never re* 
prelented, ia a dcTtghiful- imitation of 
Shakefpeare. Could Mr. B«ihop have 
concuried in an impofition with the 
dij(§virers of M mmn^fcripUt he mighc 
have produced a drama, which would 
have divided the opinion of* the town, 
and perplexed the judgement of the 

Under the head of *< Veriea on Oc* 
calional Subje6l&" are arranged t^oTe 
compo(itioo8 which were fpoken at 
Merchant- Tailors School on the days 
of. public exitmiQatioo. They conU}n 
a variety of fubjeCls, and a variety of 
bcayties \ .irqpilgft ^.h|ch we were-moft 
pleafed. with the following; On the 
Nurfery { the Cat ; Dinner \ Flowers % 
Shrubs I the Bramble j the Beaile j 
Noon ;' Twilight I Imaginary Perfon- 
ages; the Book.; the Family Fir«« 
fide; Irony ; the Day Fly ; Uracwfttl 
Addrefsi Wit} the £og(ifli Charac* 
tersi and the Prologue* 

i:^^7.3 . 

F$rei^n LiUrary InteDl genes* 


Ac the end of this volurae are io- 
fencd €am€ few Laiia'componcidns. 
They ere ekj^tnt, bat inferior to 
Bourne's; andnotequjl to the author's 
l^nglifli produdit»ni. The deftription 
of the horfemanihip at Aftiey't i» ex- 
cellent in its kind. 

fTo ke cmtifneJj 

Fo^liOM LlTEaxay iHTBLLtGENCt. 

Three editions of Cicero's •♦ Familiir 
fipiftles" have betn publiflied, one by 
Jo.Chrif.Fred. Wetzel^atLElGNiTZ; 
another by Franc. Fr&d. Brne(li£^, at 
Leipsic ; and the firft and fecond part 
of a thirds with the notes »n'Gcrman, by 
Dr. A. C. Boithcck v Lemro. The 
two firft are intended for the ufc of 
fchools : the editor of the la ft ailoptcd 
the Bipontinr text without much cri- 
tical difquifition. Mr. Wetzel his, 
indscd, generally adhered to the text 
of ErneRj, bur, as might na urally be 
expc6ied from the opinion which he 
had elfewhere expreffcn concerning his 
merit as an editor of C c«ro, iJot wi:h- 
oul frequent deviations from it, partly 
the refult of his .own judgement, and 
partly fupported by the au hoVity of 
other modem critics ; and, nfore ef^se- 
dally, that of BemeJt^ and Rfifle, To 
Mr. Ws ediiioo are likewifc prefixed, 
1, A lift of the Roman confuis during 
the lime of Cicero; a. An excellent 
life ol Cicero, in the latter part of 
which* or that wl.ich takes in the pe- 
riod when moft of the letters were 
written, Mr. W. ha« chitfly availed 
hitnfcif of the life of Cicero, compofed 
by Fabricittsi 3. An index l^he prin* 
cip«l names occurring in the hte of 
Cicero; 4. Another of thofc of the 
perfons to whom the letteis of Cicero 
were addrcffed, as alfo of thofe who 
wrote to him ; 4. A chronological table, 
pointing out the years in which the dif- 
fcrent letters were wnttco, according 
to RajgrnxxonL Each book is intro* 
duced with lonvc. hiftorical uutices re- 
fpeding the authors of tlic different 
epiftlesy IS alfo the circtfmftancc^ under 
which they wrote; and each cpiltle, 
with a fljoft account of its contents, 
and the year when ii was compo(cd. 
M. W. promifes likewifc, that to the 
work (hall be fubjoined a commtniary, 
containing, in as comprdTcd a form as 
poflible, whatever farther may be 
thought neceffaiv to facilitate the right 
miderftandiae of thefe epiftlcs, feleaed 
from the moft' approved expolitors, 
Mr.Bcncdia's iadefnti^ablc induftry 
Geiit. Mag. Januarj, 1797* 

and extraordinary critical powers con* 
tinue undimini^ed to* the end of ihe 
Wijrk. In thc't.»o lafl boo^s indeed of 
this coIle>.Ut»n. the crirical app^riru. ii 
fomewhat more fcanty, becaulc l>oth 
thete t)Ooks are wanting in the exctf- 
lent Drefden' MS. No. 1. U'e do 
not, however, fcruple to fav rhit the 
completion of this work muft Icrve to 
place the edit >r on a level with fome 
of the moft diftinguilhed commentaturs 
on Cicero. 

The works of Fisvius Arrianus have 
lately received im|>rovement from two 
editors, 1795. Aug. ChriHian Bor- 
thcck, profeflfor of hiftory and elo- 
quence in the Royal Academy of 
Duifb-jrg, who fiom the text of the 
Venice edition of 1535, Stephens's of 
1575, and thofc ot Gronovius ^od ' 
Raphelius, particularly the third of 
their, has formed a new apd improved 
text of this Brft volume, cuntainint^ the 
exjicdition of Alexander ttie Great. 
In the margin the parallel palFigts of * 
Curtijs, Diodorus Siculus, and JuiHr) 
are pointed out. The (ciond volume 
is to contain the Indica, tnc Pcripius, 
and the Taftics, with a hjftory of tlie 
text, g-ogiaphical Rn.i hifloncal in- 
dexes, and a Bibliothcca Alexandriaa,- 
or Catalogue raifonn^e of all th; au- 
thors who have written concerning 
Alexander, with thefe fragments ar« 
ranged in chronological order. Mr. 
Schmeider, fellow of the Lutheran 
college of Halle, has publilhed Hii 
6rft and fecond fpecimens of critical 
notes on five of the (even books of the 
expedition of Alexander, by Arrian^ 
preparatory to a new edition of that work.. 
jf» Ch. G. £rncfti, of Leipfig, hag 
prwted the pofthumnus obftrvations of 
tli^lebratcd J. A. dlmefti on Aiifto; 
phanet's Nubes, and Jofephus's j.wifh 
Antiquities, the former from five MSS. 
whicit came under his notice after hit 
edition of that play, 1753 ; thtfc MSS, 
arc, one at Lcyden, one in the Cjifli. 
nian cotle6tion, and three in the king 
of France's library, not uled by 
Biunck; the readings of the Aldine 
editions atid fome valual>ie MS. notes. 
b- Decker. Erne It i intended a va» 
l&m^ of 1( arncd (liircriaticni o.i the 
Antiquity of Jofcphuii, both as 10 mat- 
ter and langujgt ; hut liiofc new pub- 
lications Ictm tj have btcn hafti.y 
thrown together in his yo.inger days. 
Oieanus*8 notes on Suidas, included in 
thiv publication, contain luany icjil tvvWvi- 
rical Aoticct. 


Foriign Liurary InicUigencu 


fc nmucllcr'fc Hifi^ry 9) tht Uttrfrtta' 

t'om bJ the Holy Scnptwts in tbi 
Chrtftian Cturct, f*^om the A^e of 
ttiApoftUstothatfJOuztn. P»rtl. 
This is a rt;nublirjC'oo ot five iheles 
by Dr. R., wiih ctvnt^.Uons, omil?ions, 
and addition • I'he following are the 
rcfults of Ur. R.'s inquiry, i. Ir ap- 
pears, that the Greek fathers of the 
^rA century never ufcd «>ur gofpt!s and 
tpoftolical cpifilcs : what thev iju'te of 
the hirtory of Jslus is taken frum fomc 
other ^fpe', or fjom traoition. Cle- 
ment of Alexandria is the firft whe 
ul'ed all the books of the New Tefta- 
ment. The icafon why, the ( tlicr fa- 
thers dur-ng his tiAie did not 
is partly btcaufc they were amonij the 
number or thofe who thought the Old 
Teftamrnt of more imporrance all 
other writing', even thon thofe of the 
apoltles tV^nifelvcs, partly becaufe 
there was then no piecife canon of the 
Ncw* Tcftamcnt. The coiIc6^ion 
koowD under the name of 6 awo> 0^0; 
and to «TorcXisco» certainly did not 
exift before tl»c time of Juftin Martv r. 
2. Noiwithftand-n^; m 1\ of the- Chrift- 
ian tcachtrs valucti :Yx Old Tcftarnent 
above all C'thcr wruiu^'s, (lill there 
were fomc amv»ng the Catholics who 
entertained no very high opi »ion of ic. 
Thev did not indeed rijc-M it like the 
Gnoftici, bur rht v chofc rather to abide 
by the NcW Tcliair.cnt. 3. Among 
the Greek fatlur-. of period were 
fjme who did r,»;t approve the allego- 
rical exptit'non of Sciiprure. 4. It 
was the falhion to conlidcr \\\c M.'faic 
law, which concern., tl.c Jc.vs alone, 
as binding on Clir ftlan*. I he Chnft- 
ians were particularly di'^pofcd to adopt 
''the crriinancts relative to the Jcvvifli 
piicftlu.od, in order to exalt their own 
cltrgv. e^. Almoi\ ail the Greek wri- 
ters of this, period held iht Arian doc- 
tiincs rcfpcftini, Clni.l. 6. The mi- 
fciablc noJc i»f expofrJ-n, pariiculirly 
the all'.g^ncal, follow. d in the Pri- 
mitive church, wji h;»;hi;.' detrimcnt;il 
to Chriil^ianitv : yet mci) did n jt profit 
\)-; the example of its ill tHf6*3, for 
they continu^.d to €Xp«)und in the iame 
Wiiv even after the Rcforiiulion. 

Berlin. Tiic cfl'-briirtd Prof. Bode 
is about X) pubis f!i a qiar.d cclefiial At- 
las, which will contain all the difco- 
verics and obfcrvftii(jns of himlclf and 
other modern alUonomers. Ic will 
confiftot twenty fhte:s^ three fee: three 
inches wide, and two tcct two inches 
h'i}i\^. Four aie to be pwhliflied next 
^ticfj and A iiirAhr Ti umber aonuAlly, 

at four rixdollnrs £13$. 6d.] each num* 
her : the m. ney for the firit number to 
be paid in advance, and that tor each 
of the others on the receipt of the pre- 
ceding; one. A complete Catalogue of 
the fixed Stars, and InOruftions tor the 
U(e of the Atlas, in French and Gcr- 
m.m, will be delivered with the laft 
number, at a fair price. 

A t\cff work has been announced to 
be preparatory at Bombay by Mr. 
Wales, who has with much labour, 
and at a confidcrable exp^nce, ma<ie 
drawings of icveiai (;f the excavated 
temples in India, which we;e before 
unknown to Europeans. The Efc- 
phanta iv greatly inferior to fcvcral 
which he has vifited. At Veirool 
Goofmiflia'cr*, which lies nearly two 
hundred miles North-*aft from Poonah» 
there are more than twenty temples of 
this dckription, one of which, called 
the Key las, or Pa:adife, has been exe- 
cuted by a labour of no lef> matrnitude 
than yvii requiihe for the laigelk pyra- 
mid of Egvpt. 

The fculpture in thefe temples re* 

htes to the mythology of the Hindoos, 

anvi the (lories fiom ulTtch the numerous 

groups arc taken Mr. W. ftatcs to be 

fuu> d in their i'acrcd liooks, the Moha- and Raamayon, which are Aill 

fainili'ir to the learned of India. 

Amsterdam, ^he Biok of Job, 

trapjlutcii Jrom tbt Hcl)rew, XLitb 

Rtmarh, by H. Alh. Schultens, fub' 

lijied aiHr his dcatk, and Ji' t/hrJ^ 

by Hcim. MuiUioghe, 8vo. beJitU tbi 


As tlic lace Schultens united ercat 
tafle with profound knowledge of liie 
oriental languages, we tock up this 
book with much avidity, and thout^hc 
ourftlves not ill requited for the trou- 
ble of perufing it; though it was not 
the oSjc£l of pi of. S. (0 xnuch to gia- 
tify the learned reader, as to prcftnC 
fuch of his countrymen, as are iic- 
quai-ntcd airh the Hci)rc\v, a fclc£\io:i 
ot the bcft rcrrarks th^t have bcea 
publiCied by others on the bt.ok of Job, 
enriched from liis o^'n tlorss. The 
learned Pro'etJbr is of opinion, that li.ile 
knovvlc(^ge of the flcbi^w poetry is 
fuP.icicnt to (hew, liiat Job could not 
hdvc been written after the Babylonilh 
cap'ivity ; and he is clear, that it cuuid 
not be ilie work of Mofis. He re- 
m'lks to'^, that the firft and fecrn*! 

*■ L.oiumunly cah<.'d Verrooo or Llioia. 
Thcfc cxc.iv U'.ous liave been mentioned 
by other Kuropcan travellers, but in fuch 
a manner »s to tender iL impoiUble i« form 
an idea of thenh 



PtrttgH Literary hielltgenee. 


\ chapter, and the latter part of the hH 
chjpter, are by tnothcrhand, an J were 
added ro the original wlien it was re* 
ceircd into the fewifli caoon. From 
chap. 3. to chap. 29. are by profeifor S ; 
the reft were unUrrtaken, at his re- 
q\ie(lt hy Mr. Muntinghe. 
Zurich. Th4 Jitic Muftum, publi/hid 
by C. M. WircUod. Vol.1. Pait I. 

Under this title. Mr. W. intends to 
prefent bis eountrvmen with tranda- 
liofls cf the princintl Gretic wnreis 
of the ige of pTJcies and Acxandtr, 
and original eflfays explanatory of the 
works tianflited, or illuiitative of in- 
tcreOiog matters of antiquity. Of th« 
manner in which we may expe^^ the 
work to"bc finiibf^t the name of W. is 
a fofllcient indication : from the extent 
of tne plan, howerer, part of ii will 
be executed by other hand«( ; but evory 
piece, that is not bv W. will be diOin- 
guiffied bv the initials oi the writer's 
njme. Ti»is pa»t commences with the 
Panegyric of Ifocntcs ; to which is pre- 
fixed an effav, containing tverv cxc»-I- 
lence to be fv)und in the Iirrodu^:on 10 
the Satire^ and EoiHIes of Horacr. 
G0TTIN6EN. Caius SkultMl ai cat's 
Scvenfe^H Booki 0/* /A# Cattiiaginiin 
H^mr, *with vartoui Readings, an J a 
ptfpttual Commettary by G. Alex.' 
Rjpcrti. Vol. I. ff^tib a Pnjaci 
by C. G. Heyne. 

Mr. R. iuteotis tltis edition to anfwer 
the purpoTe of ail that have preceded 
it; and, though one of Ic^s ba'.k may 
fitisfv him who wiflies merelv to un- 
derftand rhe author, it wiil undo-iotcdiy 
be accrpt tbie to the (cbolar, who can- 
not fiil to admiic ihe editor's icrning 
aud induHry, and the proofs of t-xien- 
five rcadrng wl~ich tiie* work dif plays. 
The prolrtf mcna mt divided in: > (ix 
fc^ion^ : i. The life of Si«ius Ita- 
licus; fiom Ccilarius. 2. On the r.a. 
ture ar.d azguaunt of the and 
tive authors .0 lowed in ir. 3. On the 
excciicQCc and ufcs of tlie p-ortn. It 
^ is a valuable fchool book. 4 Literary 
)iiAt.ry of the pociii, and rev.cwof ma- 
I ru'crpt co^'ie.*- ; from Drackcnborch. 
5. Ca:alogue of the criitions liircrio 
r publilhcd. 6. Defign of the prcitut 
, cditun. The prctace of prordlor 
Hevne is a cntical c(Idv on the iifes to 
be derived bv youth from vkm\\t\^ the 
P'n'.i. The form o* the e<.iurn! the 
lame vvnh that ot Hcync's Viij% I. 
It ^\\\ hr conipu ed in another voiuiite. 
Paris. VVe .-nc iaiurm'ed, that 
F^uvel (he pa nter has m de lome very 
inicrefl «g pri'po'j s 'o the X*ti<'n il 
Pjrt^c// for uaJet taking duiiyuaf/an 

aftd architeflural refe.irches in the 
Pcloponnefus, which may 'ead to im- 
portim difcnvcries. F. refi'i* j fineen 
years in the regions of the Archit 
p'iago. He wds a I'>n^ tine in the 
fu:te of Choifeul-GouOier, who en- 
p'oyed hm in examining the p am of 
Tfoy. He then refiJed fome vears in 
Eu;vpt, and had planned r j' U'^ncy to 
the ruins of the temple of Jupiter Am** 
m'»n, which he w..s preve t-d fj'^ra 
executing by rhe envy ot CiDifeul. 
Srce rh-<t peiiod he w.^s (o nf years 
ex-iminmg the antquiricf of A hens* 
where the f4vour of fome p i .cipal 
Turks \v:<s of great ufc to him. acd 
enabled hmi t > do m«.re tl)An evn 
S'uar?. His I; il enq nrtet were at 
Olvmpii, vvhere he difccvtred the 
p ace in which tKe Greeks anciently 
aiTrmh cd, with all its depco'^encics : 
and dS he conceivci, that^ierab c 
trciifurcs of ;incicnt arc he bared 
there, this is the p .^ce to which he is 
defi ous of dtrcdlm^' his relnrches 
without del«y, p'ir:i uliilv as fome 
Engli'n travelleis have fince fo lowed 
him in the fame track. 

Literary Intelligence. 
With pic (<j e we rctiMik •■ r pro* 
greis of the Collat on of the SlPTUA- 
G2NT to Its ninth year, and its ne-tr ap- 
pr«arh to the prelf j the form of the 
edition being now fettled, a cir^um- 
Aance which required far more lime 
and dchbe ation thin could hiVe been 
expedcd to determine. The prin- 
cipal Collations of \a^ year hrVe beea ' 
made at F.ortncc, Rjme, Mofcow, 
Co;-enha.;en, Moldavia, B.ifil, Mu- 
nich, Vienna, and MiUn, bcfides the 
Ct)pt<c, Arabic, Armenitn, Sclavo* 
man, and G'.or^an vcifi ns. While 
thePiofcdor rcleafes f^rthe- C'.in- 
tribucion luch of hi*- lubf r<oeis ;is have 
cv:ntinued to make a ytarly fubf'iip- 
tion during 8 * e rs,(5r,"n hccom ii|^lub-> 
kribers to he work in <n.y ve^^r Iroui its 
com.naenctmenr, co trioued ttic h- 
mount of 8 yearly dthtc i^ttions, niid 
fohcits an enrly d {)olit of lut»l pti'n . 
tor the 9'h yem ; .♦: (cc w ;n con- 
ce n that the lubici lotions unpaid 
durinii the fcvtn I ft • cars fo .w a total 
<;f upw^.ds of £.700. Should the ci. - 
cu<atit>n of tnts ciicuin.'nnce in our 
Mi!ce lany, qi ckc: pcth^p* thin by 
the Aniiaal Kepoit, i.e. v r any de- 
ficuncus, we (hjh couii icr ourieUes 
as having but acq it d ouricivo 'li x 
duty to the a\(lt^al\^.^Vi.c cvA\^vv>\ \tw 
pdit cu r\t\ and hI it\«. la.\^c xnvwc X.^'> xV* 
KCiJUia Ciulcol i^cl»v'<oududV*\v.c\AVVkT^« 

6q SeU^ Piiiryr Anfient and M^itrn^ Jqx Taojaary, 1797. 





O'ER the v«xM bofom of the <Ieep, 
When rulhing wild, with frantic bade, 
The winds with angry pinions fweep 

The furface of the wat'ry waHe, 
Though Hic firm vcffcl proudly brav« 
Th« inroad of the giant wave, 
ThoOgh the bold feaman's firmer foul 
View unappaiPd thebillou-ymou- tains roll, 
Yctftill along the marky Iky 
, Anxious he ihiows th' enquiring eye. 
If haply (hruugh the gloom ihat round him 

Shoot one refulgent ray, prelude of hap- 
pier houis. ' 
So Albion, ronnd her rocky coaft, 
"W'hilclmid ihe rage of baiile roars, 
Dendes Invafion's haughty boaft, 
Safi- in her waV-cncii clcd (horcs, 
S;iil fafcr vy her dauntlef<: band, 
Lords of her feas or guiirdiansiif her land, 
: Whofe patriot zeal,^ whofe bolU emprize, 
Rife as the Oorras of danger nfe ; 
Yet, temp* ring Glory's ardent flame 
"Willi genilc Mercy's milder claim, 
^he bends from (ceoes of bloud iJi' averted 


And coui cs the fmiles of Peace 'mid QmuLs 

ni vidlory. . 


She CQurts in vainl — The ruthlefsfoe. 

Deep drench^ in blood, yet thirlUug ^iU 

s for more, ■ y 

Deaf to the (hrieks of .-.gonizing woe, 
Views Mith rapacious eye each neighboring 
Mine be th' eternal fway, aloud he cries, 
Where'er my f word prevails, my conqu'ring 
banner flies. 

Genius of Albion, hear ! 
Grafp the Arong Chield, and ihake th' a- 
i . vcnging fpear. 

^j wreaths thy iinrdy fons of yore 
Prom Gallia's crcft viAorioits tore ; 
By Edward's lily-hlazon'd (hieid ; 
By Agincourt's high-trophicd field ; 
Jy ralh Ibtria's naval pride, 
Wliclm'd by Eliza's barks beneath the ftor* 
. ' : my tide | 

Call forth thy warrior race again, 
Bieathing to antient m<K}d the foulinfpiring 

Now fet the b.ittle in array ! , 
The oracle for war declares, 

Sncccis depends t.pon our henrts an*l fpears. 

Sritons, ill ike home I revenge your coun- 
try's wrongs; 

fight, and record yourfelvesin Druid fongsf 


YE Learn'd (for yeihc Latin know)^ 
Fr^y tell what is this Status ^«o. 
Is )i tlie llaro that all were in 
Before they he:«rd this hoflile din ? 
Will this all £1 ieuds and foCs unite, 
THe balance trim, nnd k<<p it right ? 
If fo, ye Wife, your wifdom (hew. 
And bring us back this Stfytut ^tof. 
^ring back the legions Chat were f^nt. 
The plunder, and the milliors j'pent I 
Come, Status ^0 f dry ap thcf tears 
Of widdws ; c-ilm a moth'^r's tears § 
Bid youthf, that lie in dreary uro, 
l^rom Eai^crn fh>iesand Weft return j 
Rife up like fl »w'rs, on yonder plain', 
That die, and fpnng uu flow 'is again s 
Bid nobles, that in exile foam, 
In peace and plenty feekiheir bonne ; 
Rebuild their caftles, luft in flames,' 
Retlore their honours, tjitles, n:imbs; 
Bid o er the waves the (hips of France 
Again with lily-ftre^mers dance. 
By Status ^0 France muft bib gay 
Once more; mutt adoration pay. 
Make cv'y foul, from choirs around. 
Rife with the fwelling organ's (rHind ; 
tViih iixeiife muft her altars fmoke { 
She muft in (brines her faints invoke i 
And fpoils rever'd letum agaip, ■ 
Pillag'd from Italy and Spam. 
'Tis paft I 'tis gone I fad France no more 
WiH fee the* jocund days of yore j 
Her harb'rous fons, l-er civic lage, 
Difgrace recording Hift'ry'* page. 
This Freedom ! No ; 'tis Thraldom's chain. 
This Wifdom ! Then is wifdom vain. 
Better, ye fons, your fabbaths keep. 
And hufhthe troubled mind u> deep. 
Away with plniofophic leaven, ^ 
And gain by faith an early heaven I 
Go lor-no pow'r on earth can (hew 
What means ihis echo'd Status ^uof 



On a late much^iamenttd Death, 


Nemo me lacrymit eUcoret, mqutfunerafittu 
Taxit,surf BnnIVS. 

WHO (hall lament thy lofs, •**^m^%% 

For, fure, through all theannai* of renown^ 
Or royal heads that ever wore a crown, - 
None, none like thee 
Demand the folemn elegy. 
For, ■♦***♦♦*, like to thee was never fcenf 

Frozen thy country, frozen was thy heart 5 
On whicliw as never ftied ont fh(irt-hv*d ray 
Of wajm Humanity's indulgent day ; 
Of noble adaniaiit 'twas form'd, 
With ev'i^ princely g rice adorn 'd. 
Where ev'ry tyrant paffion boic its part. 

* Thcfe kft lines were infertcd at tke deiiic of the King, 

.V «. 

pH^f jkaUni and Afmhm^ for January, 1^97- *< 

Ifo wirlMvt Mwrn thf hapteTs fate ; 
lib myku^* vtaH bedow the lafaot^cheek % 
Hotoi^w efe bq oc nce thy worth to fpeakj 
' None but tynai% lonn'd like thee, 

Jjoia in thy foleron elegy, 
JjmI ni'im thee *< bllea frmn thioe bi^h 


NofT, MofiB, with ap^el Chanty 
^UiBeo4» and pierce ihe locwl iky i 

And fee If Mercy's (e'fcan find a place 

For focUfi hi^bora ftwl of hiifn.m nee. 

* Ab ! whf lag thy treiiihling wings t 

' RdMfefttffiDQtofingof kmi;r? 

X>oft choa U^ nohle province then refi^n ? 

And fciiow!ft thoo not they retgn by right 
Why downward doft thtm c»ft chine eye, 
Iniligoant taming froiti the (ky, 

As if dcfpairing in ihofe bleft abodes 

To find enroird thefe earthly demigods ? 

Then downwiird let us fink, and pierce the 

Where grifly Pluto fits in folcmn ft::*te j 
And tremMing fee, and tremblmgly retake, 
W^iat patTes in his awfu' jnilgemert-nom, 
Where fpedres and fnake trelfed furies 
For, fioce not mid A* thefe demi -gods 
We find oar Heroine, *tt^ ih<r (Kids 
ptsrhqii we^nd Iter in the (bades of hell. 

Eafy the dread ,defcent ; the ii on door 
Of Dis (lands ever oprn ; down wc tread, 

Preffiog the ever-burning floor, 
Aod view the awful roanfio-<s of the dead. 
•Tlark! hark! harkl 
Mdthmks I bear the bark 
Of tlie heU-hoond Cerberus i 
Give, give the cake. 
That the Sibyl did bake. 
That bell's porter may not bite ortear us. 

Difmal voices around 
My fenfes confound ; 
The ftiries beat their brazen drunos ; 
WhiUI, in rude throng. 
The dsmons in Cong 
Shoottn tribhiph, ** Behold here (he comes !" 

But fee, around the fatal coiHs 
Of S yx, that mighty rr.»in of ghofts ! 
7eD thouiand thuufaods pre£^ to fee the 
Dame, [flame. 

Scowling indignant through the S;ygian 
Say, Mi^e, wr»erce come tUefc eager-look- 
ing fonb ? 
Ob! they arc ♦**»♦*»** *s /nV«t/j, the 
flaughtcr'd Poles. 

Behold even Pluto's grim eyes, how they 

ftare I [hair ! 

His whilkershow frecfu! » how upright his 

HiS'it^dct; he points downward ; and trenri- 

blcs his queen ; 
His look is indignant ; d jcaed her mien 5 
He frowns ; and (he fits anxious by his fide i 

And mud the trembling Mufe retato 
The fcrets of th* ftatc ? 
Mtift the ^n mortal eir>i title fccrctsteU? 

Pluto, dt fight of h'^r a'.one, 
Shudders J fefl from hisdcoply-f^^ted thro^.ij 
She hurl him, »ud ufurp the reign of hdU. 

And now the f uiies, with horrihl • glare. 

Approach, and ti>eiriofcnc-j ilvau^e \ 
See the f ak^s round tlieir bends n>iw ih&f 
wivath, hifs, and itare , 
And Nc^mefis (hike her dread l«nce, 
And po;m amidd the grifly h\\\ 
To yon iidiRaant (h.uie — 'T.s ♦♦♦♦♦'s ia- 
jur'd glioft ! 

Now wild accl ^mitions the vaulted ro<%fs 
rctid ; [fr«^:id | 

The furies advance to receive chetr nev^ 
From off her faced brows Ale6^o takes 

twifts her fnakes. 

All Hell in amaze 

Kxultingly gaze, 
And join the plaudit in chomss 

Great Pluto ! you know 

You wiih'd long ago 
That V -ngcance in hell might notflumbor^ 
T* add otie fitter more to our numbers 

Thei) relifh the tre:tt. 

For your wifh is complete— 
Behold now that Fury before us l** 



O'ER Cambria's rooUliuios, 
rude*, and fteep. 
With fteady pace the length'ning file is lod^ 
Laden with riches of the new-fliorn Iheep^ 
On antieiH Skiddaw's fweeteft herbago 

Til rough tangled brakes and narrow paths 
they wind, 

O'or pine- clad foreftf, or the dreary feU; 
N»> tnifty Pack-horfe ever lags behind. 

Led by the muftc of tliedeep-ton'd belL 

As o'er the moor, untrack'd by^huiiHMi 
The fuber train in peaceful order move^ 
The heath-cock fprings, the fallow deer re- 
treat, . [row; 
And grazing cattle o'er the mouotaina 

One faithful fervant, erft the Caitier's 

pr-de, [nours wof^ 

Whofe high-arch'd neck the cinkling bo* 

Whofe buny drength ru|)erior burdens 

tiy'd, [bore; 

And heat and cold with equal patieacs 

Now, (hrunk with age, his trembling ft* 

licvvs fill; 

His hallow eye no longer bears the blaft; 

His tott*r:ng hoof can fcarcc repel the gale^ 

His heart proclaims, " my better day^ 

are paft !*' 

\Vb2t feels th' inferikal king, and whut his No longer now he leads the fav'rite tron^ 
• . bfidc? ' * DiieCisthcline^orfinti\^u%aA&\X\fcl\\Qvi\ 

d^ Sile^ Pgitrf^ jtnUsnf and MaJitn^ far January, 1797. 

Degraded from his rank, his fpirics droop ; 
Breathlcfs he walk.?, and cvry ftep is flc)\^'. 

6 e (park remains; one ffwrk of gon'ious 
fire [gr^at cmprtz-- j 

Warmi I lis old heart, and pn-mpts ihc 
H« iu:hes on, /u.fil liis valt cefir*-, 

Firfi gaiiw the licf jiitable inn — and v//<i / 


r. AT U&E, 
w^if Eclogui, traJtateJ frt^iM a Greek Idylhum 
written hy the Right Hen. C. \. Fnx ii.Im<i 
at t'/ofty ^'!.D. 1765, and lately pubLJh • 
tdin tbt Muj^ Et6iunff\. 
^uid miti faciut Natura / 
All Nature's work with various wonc'er 

Al'ke if Sol witb-hold or fhetl h\^ beams. 

SeerUf m Plain on the Shirts r./ a hV<yJ j luitb 

the Sun in Ecliffe. Time, Nc/on, 



WHAT fiiddin dsuki cfsthusobfcures 
the da> I 
Lo I So] at noon witlidraws hip golden ray; 
Th* atfrighted b'ids in filtncc flurter lound, 
And tlieir fweei notes uo mure the woods 

reibuud ; 
From yonder copfe no linnet pours *^cr lay, 
No laik high-fiiaring c.rol> lo the dny. 
The f«'alh«r'd (bngrters not alone arc mute, 
E'en (hepherdf, trembling, drop tiie 

fiute. ' 

Well may ye tremble, ev'ry (hepheriifivain, 
Celeltial anger bidsthefe ht»rrors peign ; figos of woe to our unhappv age, 
W*ar*s wading fwoid, or vengeful Uiau's 



Yes, Thyrfts, yc> ! ' 1 is Heav'n's offend- 
ed ftgn. 
And bodes the vengeance of a wrath divine. 
My haplefb folds coniajious rot Ihall fwecp, 
BUft my young lambs, ;aid thin my fcat- 

i«r*d (b^ep ; 
Ofi worfc than wari dread Peftilence de- 
vour, [hour. 
tierds, ficck-s and citief, find one fatal 
But come, niy Th>rri$, build a turfy ihrme, 
Let pious gifis appeafe the wraih d vine ; 
A lamb my flock, a goat vimr herd, fup- 

plies ; 
Thefe be our viftims to implore tl.e Ikies. 

T H Y R 5 1 S . 

Glad will f jo-n to deprecate the gloom ; 
Heav'o grriUfiiur pray'rs avert the thrcat- 
*ning tlo(ini ! 

Rife, PhoBbus, rife! reveal thy 1 tert 5 
"AU Nnturccal's; unlock thv Inccnt l^ream. 
B Jt A'hy '»n uj ihy dir/ fu' wrath difphy, 
O God ot L'ghtl that wid ly fpreid'fl the 

d 'V ? [«y«^ 

To thc*5, our. hope, we turn with fup; liant 
Pay all uur vows, anu bid our incenfe iife. 


Sufpend yt'twr vows, for, o'er the duflcf 

Of Phcebiiiifavour'd, c mcs a frici dly fwuin* 
lo him -tl«e Moon, refplenddit qucen'of 

n gni, 
Andien il Sol, difFufive fnurce of light. 
The ;«z"re vatilt, an.' vvidc expai'fe of air, 
Htav'n'sbrilhani choir, eachdift ntg'cam- 

ing ftar, [ u e known { 

Their numbers, dif^ance indiicnce, ci iir c^ 
Uia )a*aug:it,;indma>k*d I i»nf<»! her own; 
T 'at L'- ciU .s, u ho fift lo fwc tly fmgs 
H>'W ho:Q the gilded Ea(^ Aurora fpring<^; 
l^iow the moon wani!er> thiitu^h the fileaC 

Whi.e l\arn attending lend thCT focial light f 
Ho-v itil obey the guiding hand of Jove, 
Who feeds then fi es, and bids each placet 

rt)ve ; [ed mom. 

Whence verdant fprin?, and fummer'ifceut- 
As ch uiging Cynthia £ll&1icr filver horn. 
He now Iball tell what thefe dread fignab 

Or if no moi e Sol's fzcred light (hall flow. 


Difpel your tenors, (hepherds, ceafe yoiir 
fe^-r? ; [appears. 

The darkiiefs yields, and day's bright eye 
Thefe arc no fignalsof celrfiialire 
For injnr'd altr»r$, or unhallowed fire j 
The Gods at e kind ; nor in oiu* peaceful 

Shall war ilevaftite, nor difeafes rage ; 
'Tis but the m(»on, in her accuilom'd rac^ 
V^ ho meets the fun, andpaffes by his face! 

Gray* Inn, J. P. Smu h. 

* Th rfis I have fuhrtitutcJ for the 
original Olpif, became Jt is better known 
to the readers of Enf-.hlh poctr", and has 
been, as it v^crc, lung ua;u ahlcd i::to our 


IN this vain hufy moi Id, where tlie Good 
and the Gay, 
By afflidlion or fi»lly wing moments aw.iy 5 
Wheic ttic Falle arc rclpedied, the Viruous 
bftray'd; [m (hade 5 

Where Vice lives in funfhine, and Gmius 
With a foul-fickcn'd fadncfi all changes I 
Ite; [fare for me I 

For, tlie world, thebafe world, has uo plea* 

III citic?, where wealth loads the col!i;rs ol 

Privle ; 
Wlicrc T (lei.:<: at.d Sorrow are ever allied % 
Where Ddi cf> ib wui ihip'd, and Wifdoin ' 

defpis**' i [pri2*<l ; 

Wlere none but the Empty and Vicious are 
AH Icencs with d I i'^uft and abhorrence Ifee; 
For, the u o. Id hat no corner of comfort fur 

nie 1 


SikSfPoitrf^ JntUtii and Afidgrnj ^r January, 1797. ^ 

While p^t Afiattcs, encircled with gold, 
The font of meek Vtitae indifn-tnt b«hold ; 
.While Che ticKe-pmiper'd Churchman re- 

riles at the ptxiTy [door ; 

AstheliTii finking travell-r faints nt his 
While CiiAom dares fan^ion OppielHon's 

dccrt-e — [fi om me ! 

Oh, keep fudi hard bofoms, fucli monilei s, 

While the fiiRie of a Patriot expires in the 

• bread, ft^r-jfsM ; 

With ribbands, aod ttnfel, and frippery, 

While Pride mocks the children <5C Want 

and Defpair, [each pny'i ; 

Gives a fneer for each figh, and a fmile for 
Though he triumph his day, a flsort day it 

muft bc^ 
Hcov'n keep fuch cold tyrants, oh, kei'p 

them from nne I 

While the Lawyer ftiU lives hy the anguifh 
of hearts; [tlirives as it fm.irts; 
While he wiings th«? urongM bofom. and 
Wliile he grafps the laiV guinea from Pover- 
ty's heir ; [De«'p.»ir ; 
\^4iile he revels in fplendor wluch rofc from 
While the tricks of his office our fcourf^'^s 
muft be ; [^^^^ from me ! 
Oh| keep the (hrewd knave and hiS (jutb- 

W hilc the court breeds the Sycophant, irain'd 
toeofnare; [fp^'rj 

While the pnfon> re-echo the groans of He - 
While the State deals out taxes, ili<: Army 
dtfmay ; [doom*u 10 p »y ; 

While the Rich aie upheld, anH ihe Fuor 
ttanianity faddens with pity, to fee 
The fcale of injoftice, and tremb!c:>like mc 1 

While Patriots ate flandcr'd, and vtnal Slaves 

rife ; 
WhilcPowV grows a giant, and Liberty (lie<; 
While a phantom of Virtue o'er tiicrj;y 

reigns; [withchnn?; 

And the broad wing of Freedom is loaded 
Wtvle War fpreadt its ihundei s o'er )an ' and 

o'er (ea ; [me ! 

Ah, wh« but can l|(len and murmur like 


Non videmus quoH in tergo ejU PifOiDR. 

MY Cat, you fay, is threadbare groivni 
^^*hic'^ m^y, perhap*, be true • 
B i*^ cafl an ^e upon yonr own. 
For that is tMr<,.;JhaTe too. 

Your Coat is fhihlw — but much lefs 

T'lan t'ut 10 w Inch I'm clad ; 
Fot It.df a C(4a% I muft confcfs. 

Can be but h.^lf as bad, 

A Short Grent Ci:»t what man oftafl^ 

Would e'er fubmit to wear, 
T!i:itc!int;s foclole abou: the waift. 

And leaves the rump half bare ? 

Why is the orJcr chang'd ? 

Why rlius your waillcoat hung 
About your coor ? Things thus dcrang'd* 

Youi bead mull furc be wrong. 

While thus you trudije along the ftreet 

ExprifiMjj yi ur poderiors, 
You raile the fnters of .01 you meet. 
The j :l^ of your infenor.. 

Who hii' rnu''> 'auph, \on^ fkirts to f;e 

Keucath, without a meaning, 
Hnrr; d inftlti'^; down below the knee, 

Like raiis hung out f<»r cleaning? 

Vou'M fay, perhaps, it is the faihion^ 

hvA proper for the f-^jfof — 
Ah ! m »ney is your rultu^ paiiion, 

A'tU thar's your only reafon. 

H^nrc, laughable, yon (k-p about, 

Di'rtip ir'd in ymir diollcoal \ 
For I'.Tf a coit, yo:iN grant, no doubt^ 

Co;nts cheaper iliao a wtiole coat ! 

No. XXVI.' 

YON vagrant Gipfcys, defp'ratc of their 
Ill-favoui 'dl. fijU.U oil the f ozen ground j 
Their r.'r.c'' ' bl "ikftN poorly cuit lin in 

While the bofom whi^h loves, and confeffcs . From tiic ih rp bl<i!^ th-it fhakes them, paf- 

its flame, flhanne ; fing keen j 

By the h gh^'.iileJ Female is branded wi h 
While a Coronet hides what the Hum'le 

dcfpife ; [may \\{t\ 

And the Lowly muft fall that the Haughty 
O^^ wbo can tlie triumph? of mfamy f- e. 
Nor (bt Jrtk from the reptiles, and Ihud Jer 

hke me 1 

Ah WotW, thou vile World, how I fickcn 

to trace [r ice I 

The angnilh that hourly augments fo« t'y 
How I tuni from the VVorit, while i l^o- 

n<uir the Beft ; 
The Enlghtcn'd adore, arid the Vena' del ft ! 
And, oh ! with what joy to the gr tve v, ou.l 

1 fl«e— 
Siacc the World, th* bafc World lias no 

pleafuire for nae 1 

But keener hunger rtai vesthe bvgcar'd crew. 
And fiercely through their lantein-jawsiloih. 
P^^er-. [flicks^ 

The n^fr. \ bratF roam uide for kmilling 
AjkI uii ' coiuc firft to hand ; the falloiV 

11 lUCOti :;.L' pot ''rinpinglhrh^lcsrf hortjr^ 
D.tch It!;!.." *t«' Ihctp, or I'ale drad caiSp. 

;m (I oupi-ie^ ; [l>il» 

V"^ ih vn i .t-lvictc'i't! rrouths, t'.cfe d.antf 
loiiil) t'>fy tear, nt'cr cIkw, wkm noiif 

1 hcirfiiaili 'qmef« matCjCur, andknavi& 
crow j>, 

Hover a- o 'ni% imo 'if f for a 'h.>re. 

D fcri;»liv)o tiDOtrt in r -M'. 'f in w . r«'» 

i ..> ^. ui'»i !-.: •...-, t;: r'.r r.-r irx, n •fe , 

Sj w.:: an ' !'; 'hicr:!'; 

.•r ic-x, 

64 Sele^' Pdftrf^ Antitnt and Mcd^rn^ fir JaUiiary, 1797. 

YOV lovely women, fraught withe v'ly 

Enchanrinsly become tli« ev'ning ball : 
Their grucefol pt?rfon<; richly arc fct out, 
As fui:s thtf fa'h ion's varitti elegance : 
Luxuriant tafte acforns liieir flowinj; hair, ' 
An.1 prouJlv wiih higli no<lJing plumes is 

ofownM. " 

Whiic-arm'd, like IiKVs go.!v! :frcs, they fir. 
Fanning their beaul© us ciiceks : trnnfpa- 

rcnt jewels [vvliich ytc 

Hang from their <• r? in fp .r'r;.; r- drops, 
Do fVinUy flicu-, d.mrnM by ttitir triph'.ci 

eyes r^ [^^--j 

Wbilft f»om their rn^fus lips flow fp* igatly 
}'.ndearniRnttbU,:''aftcintero'ii- i^ of i-carif , 
«* Androurick i»ficiil'lefs v\ hi'.per' Jfound :" 
Tlicr fi»ud ;i Jmircrs, crowds cf : »^ .\\ b.aux, 
Gaze w th ilcligl't. for the dance. 
Dcfcripii'-n cinnot demi»n"rite a n ght 
So fpleiidid. p.i>, and fu'l of h.irm • y, 
By lovci^ p.izM, as fuch a mghc .18 this. 

yOK village fchool-h.'yF, frantic in their 

Incontmeat prnclaijn t»- cir h- eakii.g-up : 
Tbeir iU^thuBib'd booL^ are huil'd into 

the air, 
Andt rior-(h.d;.irj: roJ burnt fcornf.jllv: 
Mifcliief fecms plotting pi th' irclofcohals 
And fliiy tlwo' thtir wa •ti»n eyelids peeps : 
TtiC bigger lads parat'e with fluftii: g whips 
Arul fvv itche* in their hands j the puny fry 
Hov« r nund ftalls, pilf 1 ii^g tarts, nuts, and 

anpk s : 
The tiiin le- oflF, quick fiafiies in their eyes, 
And from their fuucy aim, fquib?, lerpents, 

Fly thro* the ftreets, fudden and dangerous. 
Mean uhile, their anxious fond cxpecling 

Count the flack hours, impatient fr a kifs : 
Kenhrnibrancc ctnnot fuit .tfelt in inflance. 
To Ihew a fctne of life, r> wid of c «re, 
And yet fa bufy, as thjs was, oncctoull. 

YON little miflcs, verging to their teens, 
Impatiently figh for the hoU«ia.«; 
Th« ir laliorM f .mplcr qu intlv is fet out, 
And the fprigg'd apron finifh*d pafling neat : 
Tiic c -py-books prcferv'u without a blot. 
And fa nily in li.dian lia d urole out : 
To iir i l-iun'd fpinnvt fix'd, they fit rc- 

lu<itan:, [briflc 

Strumnunr; tlie k<ys with jaded hand; but 
HoU up the head, t' attend the danciijg- 

ftl.O'.)l: [Mon/ieur, 

Vile j. bbci'd Fn-nch, f \ft fy^uticrins from 
In tl.eirpiHf 1 psf"»\iiK'';rin!l nn*.l fpiritlefs : 
Their diiful governLf , ir'.hHiiipj priilc, 
Adjufl^ tl-cir drtf , moil :r.\ioiii for tln:.r 

Imagination flptier> in t}'c ilifs, 
Aiul demonflra'os v. I Tr j ^)S .iwait 
Tucir eotiL.uu; iuio (: lhior:.b!e life. 
^ Ho. V. IV. 2. 





EEP nof, Anna, gentle maidT 


Tho' the wild wind fti'ells the 
main ; 

The advLri'u £t<Trm rtiay (bon be laid^ 
And Henry come again. 

Pi y'thce weep not !— One on bight 
Whofe '^•' ordalnM cr«^tion'8 pUn, 

With kind and ever-wakeful eye 
Regards ti)e life of man : 

For, not tl.e hird of fmalleft worth* 
T ai M innuvvs w iih light wing the air^ 

If he permit not, fails to earth, 
V\ ho numbers ev'ry hair. 

Then, blow the uild wind how it wilt, 
hrom North, or South, from Eaft or 

Wirep not ! but humbly trull, U fiill 
Blows for the btft. W. G. 

EPIGRAM h tie iate Rev, Mr. BlIBOF. 
^alis ab if!ceptx>, 

FIRST in ilic grape the wine*s redfaae^ 
Next in the bottle, glows : 
But lafl, a< d moi>y .miU lon|;eit toOy 
O Cotta, in thy n'>fr. 

The following Ariicl© is from the newly* 
pobliflied i oems of the celebrated* M f. 
M.^fon, author < f "Elfrit'a and Caiac- 
tacus." (Sec voL UL p. 80.) 


Umier a P:^ure tf /be Editor cf Srak- 
speare's Makuscaipts, 1796. 


FOUR Forgeys, born in one prolific age. 
Much critical acumen did engage. 
Ti:c firft wai foon by doaghty Douglas 
fcar'd, [had he dar'd * ; 

Tho* Johnfon would have fcrcencd hiip, 
The ricxt f ha«! all the cunnirg of a Scot s 
The third J invention, genius—nay, what 

FraU'S now exhaufted, only could diipenfe 
To her fourth fon their three-fold im- 

* When Lauder firft produced his for* 
gery refpc (Sling Milton, Dr. Johnfon uiher- 
cii it into tiie world by a preface, and after- 
wards wri<c I.?.Ui!er\s redntaiion. Some 
cf his numerous biographers have en* 
de.ivotu cd to pT(»ve the Do£ioT no ^artf 
C'.ncfrned : hou ever this be, the virulence 
lie ancrwards fticued to Milton, in the 
lift- whicli he wrote <.f him for the book- 
fcl'.rri;, leads farly to fupport my allertion, 
tJi.ii lio would have ilefciuied Lauder, had 
he been in at\y Jort ilcfenlble. 

+ TianflaLor tf Fingal, Tcmora^ &c; 

X Tlie difcovtrer and traafcriber of 
Rowley's PoCHiS, 


r 65 1 



jfAidrmltj'^ftctt A^- S* Copy of a 
letter from Vi|H5-A«l.. Kingfmill, Con- 
m^ikler in Cliief of hb.M^jeiiy's fliips and 
vdAls ac Corkf to Evan Nrj^ean, Lfq. 
daioO on -board hit Aljjefly'i ibip Poly- 
pheniU9« Oft. 29, 1796 

hit JMajefty*s fliips aiid veffials at the Lt^ 
ward Iflands to Evan Nepean, Efq. dated 
oli-boaid his M.<ieftyN ihipiPrioce of Walls, 
in Fort Royal Bay MartinKpie, Sept. 17. 
,. Sir^ I am to acquaint you> for the inform 
mation of (heir Lord(hips» (hat La Vi6toir# 

SiTf 1 have the faiitfaftioo to acquaint f rench fciiooner privateer, carrying 6 
yon, for the infamuiiy of my thirds carriage-guns^ and 4 fwivels, with 6^ 

Cummiffionen xif the AdbiiraUy» thfct — '""* ' — *'"' . • _ 

the |iurpi4c for which I ordered hi} .Ma- 
jefly's diipt Sanu Mirgarita out on a 
cruife, as ftated in mv letter of the i9'.h 
inft. has been mod fortunately accom- 
pliihed, by her capturing two French (hip 
privateer^ and retaking one of their 
prizes ; particolars of which ihall be feen 
in the aocooipanying letten froih Ca|it. 
Martin. I have the honour to be, fcc 

R. KiirosMiLL. 
Extra& of a Letter fnm Caft, Mmttifi, 0/ lis 

Majefy's ytif SM^a Margarita, to lOee^ 

Aimral Kin^mill^ dated at Sea, 03, 24. 

I have the honour to inform, yoo, (hat 
his Majefty's fiiip under my command has 
this djy cap(ured a v«ry tad-failing (hip 
privateer, called Le Buonapaite, of 16 
guns and 137 men : (be had been ren days 
iiXHQ Breft, and taken three vefiels, as 
named in the margin *. 

* The fliip Clarence, Alhington, from 
Jamaica to London, fent to Bi'eft ; Nep- 
tune brig, from Dublin to St. Michael's, 
funk; Anne brig, of Poole, to Naples, 
Extras of « iMtfr from Caft, Afnrtit, of 

tie Santa Margarita, to Fict Ad. Kingf- 

milly dated Oa. a?. 

On the a5th inft. in the morning, we 
difeovered two Ihips, that immediately 
made towards us, and approached nearly 
within hail before they oblerved the Sanca 
Margarita to he a frigHte. Theyeudea- 
voured to render the 1 etreac of one or the 
other fecure, by (landing on different 
tacks; and 1 follow ed thc'largeft, with 
liule probability of taking the other { but 
Mr. BirchaU, the firft iieurenant, with a 
degree of zeal and intrepidity thai does 
him che higheft honour, voluniarily of- 
fered to auack her in. a bo -.t ; at this time 
our ihoc bad reduced her (ail, fo as (o en- 
able the boat to get alongfide, and I had 
the Cuisfia^ioo (o fee her taken poffeirion 
of in a mod gallant and ofiicer-like man- 
ner. Tl^ Aiip wb followed (Inick her 
€oIoivs> alter having received a few (hoc, 
and proved to be La Vengeur, of i 3 guns 
and 1 10 men, twelve dayii from fkt^^, and 
\\m\ only captured (l>e ibip Putomah^ from 
Pd^le, bound to Newfoundland, with pro- 
irifiuns and merulundife, re taken by the 
fe^ax commanded hy Lictu. BirchgU. 

jtMraUt'ofice, Nc>v, Z. Letter from 

men, arrived liere this morningi having 
been captdR^ by his Majetly's Hoop Ze». 
bra, Capt. Hurft, the lach inft. between 
Grenada and Tobago, This privateer ha4 
been from G\iadaloupe eight days, and 
had taken one floop la <en with provi(iona 
from Barbados to this ifland ; but fhe wai 
re-captured by the Lapwing, off Marigar 
lante. Hsnry HxafxY^ 

Amther Litter from Rear AL Harvey, t^ 
Evan Nepean, Efq. dated Sept. ai. 
Sir, I am to icquaint yi>u, uu' the ia* 
formation of their Lordfliipp, that his Mv 
ictty's (hip L'Aimable, on tiie 15th inft. 
captured off Guadaloupe a French priva- 
teer, called the Iris, of 6 gunSy and 5P 
men, belonging to that ifland ; and re>ca^- 
tured at the fame time the (hip Swift, from 
St. Kite's, hound to Barha(li>s, In ballaft» 
which l)ad been taken the preceding daf 
by thep:ivateen HaNur Harv£V» 

Do^vftirtg'Jlreetf Nov. 13. 0ifpatchelt 
received 'from Capt. Anftruther and Rg-> 
be* t Craufurd, Efq. by the Right U0i. 
Lord Grenville. 

Head- fuar ten, HerUtxLeim, 0&. 1 9. 

My Lord, In my difpatch of the I3t^ 
I had ^he ho(X>ur of giving your Lordfiiiji 
an account of the movements of the corps 
under the commands of Gens. La Tour^ 
Nauendorf, and Petrarfch, down to the 
9ih inft. On the loth. Gen. La Tour fol- 
lowed the enemy towards Stokach and 
E'lgen I but, finding that their retretc 
throMgh the Val d'Enfer could no longer 
be prevents 1, he.difcontinued the pnrfnil ; 
and marclied by his right towards the vs- 
ley of the Kinzig, in order to form a junc- 
tion with his Royal Highnefg. The Arch- 
duke arrived wich his m.tin body in fhe 
neighbourivood of Hornherg. On the 15th 
Gens. Nauendorf and Petrarfch preceded 
him neatly in the fan^e d<r6<5lion. The 
former took poftat E!(?..tcii on the t^O^ 
and the latter at Kintzig. On tlie i^ib, 
the corps of the Prince of Conde and 
Gen Frolich alone to follow 
tbe enemy tlirough the defiles of tlie Black 
Forei\. In lt)e mean time Gen. Moreau 
loft no time in profiting of ilie advantagei 
which his van-gnaid had gained on i::e 9(h 
and toth inft. He palTed, with bjs w^ol• 
army, through the Val d'Enfer, and'^- 
tlved at Fribourg on the xjth. Neiu day 
he occupied W^ldkirch, and his pofts cy« 

Kcar- Ad. Harvey, C<»nimander in Cluef U feiided along the heights OB Ibe right bavk 
Ok^rf. Mao. Jafht^ry^ 1797% '^ 

66 Iniiftfiing Jfmltt§0Hu/r§m thi London Gazettrs. [Jaii« 

oTthtllt* Tlib mcniQtDs oiavefiicQt^ef mj^ comiaio^ed by p«ii« Morevu m finn* 

lH« «nMiyi tiiJ- the extreme difficukiy of Ibn^ vhpm \\n not. only repulfed, but Jrove 

%i«kiTiif in itninediate attempt on Kehl, beyoid Waldkircheii^ and made himfdlff 

tfettmfiiiled' hif, Royal Highnefs to defer maimer of that poft, »nd of the palTage of 

Die execurkm of th^ enterprise. Leavings the rlvef. On this occafloo rhrcr tmta* 

(herefore'i a fuf&cienc corps to (ibferve tlie lioiis of tlie enemy were furroi.ndeJy one 

|ftace, tie marched, on the i6Th, to Mai- of which l.iid down their arms and ttie 

Mrg^en, and affamed the immediate com- other two were difperfed i:i the woods, 

mand of thtf army of La Tour. I have Early on the toth, the van guard of th^ 

Ifaehoneur, Ice. Roa. An^tkuthiil. army pafled the.Eltt at Enaendingen, and 

Hf^t^jtmrtertf Frthm^g, 0^. at. found that the enemy had taken n pofitkxi 

^ Vtf tofdi t have the homnir of in- immediately behind tit village of Dentz- 

formhig your Lord(hfpi that, on the 19th lingen, 'w tli his right to Che mountains, 

Inft. his Royal Highcfefs th^ Archduke at- and his left to the niarihy ground beyond 

Caekid the enemy, and, af er an obf^inate the village of VerAelten. His Royai High- 

eombati madehirofeif mafterof allthe po- nefs determined immediately to attack 

fltlont on tlie right h >nk of the Eltz. 1 he him ; and for tSat purpoie ordered Gen. 

troops defined for this operation marched La Tour, with his righr wing, to crois the 

^tim the camp near Kentzlngen before Eltz at Dcningeoi whilfl hehimfelf, with 

day^break ; but fuch wtre the diflicuUies the left, and the corps of Haoeudorfy 

of the ground and the badnefs of the ro..ds, advanced along the plain towards Fribourg. 

that it was aear 1 1 o'cl'Kk brfore they The advanced guard of the Archduke's 

seached the different points at w hid) they cfrtumn diflfnlged the enemy from Deota- 

were to afiembte ; they were then diftri- linden without diflcuhy ; but, as Geo. La 

buted into three diffbrcnt columns, of Tour met with confiderable apportion* 

which Che righti under Gen. La Tour, and was obliged to re eftablifh the brids^ 

'^m deftined to attack the village of Kin- of Deiiin«:en, under die fire of the ene- 

dringen { the centre, commanded by Gen. my^artillerv, it was evening before he 

Waiteiifteben, was to carry the heights was able to force the patfage of the river, 

liehiAd Malceriingen ; the left, under Gen. fo that h*s Royal flighneis lOd not judge ic 

Fftnrfchf was to proceed along' the road expedient to bring on a general atfsiry ih 

from Heimbarch, towards Emendingeiiy whidi only one part of tbe army could 

whim llaj.-Gen. Merfield,. with v^e hrir have btffn eigaged. The Prince of For- 

ptde, Bttacked the w«iods on his l«ft, and ftenhurg, however, who commanded tha 

vrincB Frederic of Ocingei with another, right of Gen. La Tour's coliimn» found 

'^ndeavounil to paft over the higheil parts meuns to diflodge the enemy from Re* 
of this moomaim, (b as to turn the righe gel, wlience he menaced tbe great nnd 

of the enemy. Gen, Nauendorf, from to firifach.' The whole #rmy pafled 

kflcachi had orders at the (Ume time to at- the aight within lialf-earnion (hot of tbe 

the poftof Waldkirch. About nooo et -em) 's advanced poftsj and creiy thing 

the aAioa began i the column >^f the riglit was prepared for renewing tbe adUos 
with a moft obftinafe refiftance ;' it early this morning. Tbe enemy* how* 

r ep eatedly repulfed in iu attack upoti ever, did not wait the attack i his main 

Kindfingen, and the fucccfs remained for body retired during tlie nigh^ and tbn* 

Amm tin^^oiibtfttlf until, his Royal High- rear gu ird foUoweil at day-break. A fmall 

■efs patting hinifelf at the head of the corpsonly took ihA route of Brifach, where 

grenadiers, they returned with fifry to the it pafTed the Rhine, and defltroy ed tlw 

cfiarge, and drove the enemy with grejt bridge: the reft of the army directed iu^ 

lofs noni the vilLi^e. Maj -Gen. Merfehl mArch upon Honingen,^ where a large 

had uo kefs difficulty in making himfeif T^ie-de.Punt is faid to be eftabliflied. 

mader of the wood above Keimhaci! ; During the upei-ations of the main army^ 

the ground was extremely favourable to the corps of the prince ef Condd ausd. 

the enemy, and he defended it inch by Gen. Frulich were extremely aAive in the 

inch{ nor was hs completely driven fiom mounrami. Oii the i8th, the Prince of 

k nntil the Pi ihc« of Orange, after a molt Conde drove the enemy, with very coiifi- 

lihorion« march, thi-ongh a country which derable lofs^ from tbe ftiXNig pofb of St. 

iMmed impenetrable for troops, appeared Megers and St. Peter, in the' valley of 

in the cpen' gr<nfr.d ahout Emeodingen, that name ; and Gen. Frolicli forced fonie 

aiid begin todtiajk his right From of the moft important palfcs.of the Val 

tliat moiiAint the vi8h)ry became Jecifive. iI'Eiv'er. On the ifth and aoth, they chn« 

I'he enemy ret»:-(Ted the Eltz at Emendin- tinned to drive the enemy before theift^ 

gen and l>enmgen, deftroying tbe hritlges and this morning appeared defcendidg 

m order CO cover his retreat.- Gen. Naueti- from the muuntams above Fribourg.aC 

^rf, meanthne/had betn no lefsfucceV:- the moment that the Archduke's van 

tj\ ttfv^ards WalUkirchon : ac the nmineut guard emered the town, and contributed 

TtiS oi>luma was affemhietl, he found rtim- much towards prelllng the reai^ of. tlM 

M backed by a targe boiiy oi t jc eiie- eAcn>y. I Am not at this noaeot able to 

1797-1 tntertjitng iHttlUgnui fr^m ih^ London Gazetter. 67 

llaie to year LordOiipi witK anf deffi* 
of accuracy y tbe loTs of the Auilrians to 
ttie diflbrent aAions finre ttie t7th, bttf 
am coafidcnt that ir dort not exceed a 
thciafand men killed and wrn^nded. 
Amtxigll \\^ latter i^ Ceti. Warten- 
llcheni who receii ed a gr4|te-(^.or in Chf 
aniiy whilft leading' his rvlnmn to iIm 
attack on the 19th : there is, however, 
rcafoa t«^ hope that the wound will noc 
pnnre dangeious. The loCs of the erenij 
hns been Tcry confidcniMe. Sereral pieces 
of oRiUery , and upwards of icoo prTi men, 
have f ilien into the handi of the AudrlnD^. 
The nnmb^ of killed and wvundej is ror- 
tainljr HOC fmaller. I have the horWkir to 
bc^ ^. Rob. AjrsTRVTifp.*. 

H{4ui'<m*rf€r»^ SM/ingen, 0^} a;. 
M7 Lord, I hn\eilie tuMMiur to iui^.i-ni 
your Lord(hip, Cliut his Royal H'.ghnefk 
die Arcl<dake yeAcrday artacli.ed Gen* 
Moreau's armyy in the formid tble petition 

Rhine, when they terminjW abruptly. Not 
f tr from the unirce i»f tfie above mciiiiun«4 
rivoiet, (here rt(es a'K)Cheiv which, taking 
an nppofiic, that is, ^HKh«e:ineffiy ^x- 
re^liHii pj'.flcs thriMi^h Sitaenkircheo, 
and, 31 the villase of Ondeni, f-«lls into 
t^K riviilet iif n.ime ; which, rnDnin£^ 
South nnJ South-ucft tliromh a very d&ep 
ani!, for a luiHUv'tahle Uiitance, almolb^ 
unpjir.ihie ravine, dirch:*rge» iife!f into the 
Rhine fix or (evci\ fciigliih mitcf above 
Ste>nf)ai*t. A ttiini rivulet, hhng aboUC 
^x\ Knglith mile to 4lie.weHwaia of C:u&* 
dsrn» nms in a nearly parallel diredioa 
(o c:ii» tkU r, through Fenerb^iCh, Riedr 
1 ng'tn, ny KailetiirHihlc, and fdls intu cht 
Kliiiiea h(tl. NHow tt.emimth ofCaiitlOff^ 
B-:lweeii e'le heaJ^ of the above-inciititHiod 
ravine is a chain of hifih rugfed hills, c(k 
vercd with cxtcnfive and very thick wood. 
Ui this rflmoll inattickable fiiaaiion waa 
gteced tlie right wing of^be enemj^ army. 

of Schlin^n, with fo much fuccef<, that Th^^orpf which covereiitlieextieiiiity of 

the enemy quitted it lafl night, and is now 
in fiill retreat towanls his T^'.e de Punt 
near Huningen. N^itwithftjnding the 
vidtory obcauicd by the Archduke on the 
19th, and tlie confequent operations of 
the zoth and lift, Gen. Moreau, con 

K ofKiopied Caiidern,' Sitzenkirchen, and 
the ^yrouMiug heights ; wlieoce the 
li'<e pffcreded along the iutL'i above Oher 
and Nle^er Eckeoheim, Uel, ScMto- 
gen, and aifitiiiAadt, all of which placet 
were ilrongly occu|ued, and the leii Aank 

trary to what wa« expected, determined of (lie line came qitf:e to tl)e Rhine, iiiihich 
to make anftflur rll\Mt to nialntnin hiinfdf runs clufe uuJer die lieights of Steinftidt. 

on the right bank of tue Rliine, or at 
l^sft to defer, as long as poffihle, the paf* 
U^ of the river; and fur this purpofe he 
cook op a poTxtion near Schl'ngtn, the un« 
oomnun ftreogth of wltitfi could alone 
here enabled him to adopt fuch a ref<}lu« 
cion with«inc expoflng his armv to deftruc- 
liba. This pofiiii>o, which Cten. Moreau 
had chofen, is fo uncommooly ftron?, that 
I will attempt to defcribe it to your Lord- 
Mp, in hope uf cnnvcjrtng fome faint idea 
of the diflkukief of the npenttion which 
has been perf >rmed. The fl^t coontry, 
which, extending from Che Meyn to wich- 
m two German miles of Kafle, feparates 
the mountaim of Franoonia and Suabia 

Adviuiced before ;i^ centre of hitarmy^. 
t^te enemy had a very ftrong cprps of iof 
f jntry o<.i the heigt^ti and in the vineyards 
becwtei? Schllrigen and Feldberg. Abottfi 
an Eiiglifh mUein the tear of the ccntr« 
of the portion, that is, to the foiitUward 
of Liel, is tlie villige of TaniicAkirch | 
heiwecn it Sind Liel is tlie higlk:ft hill ot. 
the wlide pofuion \ and from Taniieii* 
kiirh the ground falls toward:; Che ravine> 
m whiLh RieJlingeu is fituatcJ{ ib that,, 
in cafe of the right wing being drivea 
fViim the tktremrly lining ground oAi 
which it was polled, it had (by fnlling' 
back io the height: of Tamieiikirci) aox 
other gooU pofition, ratlierr/v^rfrerg In. 

irom tbe Rhine, becomes, to the South* deeil, to thai of tfic left wing beiwceu 

ward of Mulheim, almoit a regular ob- 
long, about an Engliih mile and a half in 
bncikltfa| at the Sooth-eafI angle of which 
i| tbe vUlagc of Schlingen. This plain is 
bounded on the South bj a rivulet, which, 
rifing at the foot of a high mquntain called 
Ihe HoherV Blaun, near the village of 

Schlsngen and S'^ittftidt, but th? (atienc-. 
part is tecurcd by the high ami alfoott in^ 
attackable hill between Tannenkirch and' 
Liel. An atten»pt to oblige MoreaiL 
to quit his pofition, by marching a veiy 
Rrong citlumn through tlie mouotaine 
on ttie Ifeft bank of the Candei, amk 
Sitzcakirchen, runt to Cher Eckenhcim, through the Wifenthrai, fo m to threatff% 
ind tlieiicc, in a iveOem diredion, hts communication with his ^i^^^MiMpodt ~ 
i*imugh Nieder Febenheim, Uel, a»^d at Huninglen, would have &fC7. ^oo tedi* 
SchlingcD, to Steinibdt, wliere it falls ous an opeiatioii in the prefeot ftace of 
i»CD ihc-Rhine. At Sctiiingen, the hills i>f aOairv, and attended with lAte utm(»l\ dif* 
tbs rivulet. Which are ftcep, and covered Acuity, now that the rainsr had reoderad 
with vineyaids, turn fudUenly to the tlie roa'is fo bad. The AttlididM, there^ 
■onbvard, and, running in that direc* fore, determined to aitaot. tlie r<^ wins 
lioa towaids Multisjm,''1brm the Eaftcm of the enemy's army, ^» if poffible, ta 
^oeodary of t!^e plaio } but tht^ on the d;(Iodge it from tlia hills abou( Cai»« 
kft bnk of the rividef, fvhich act «:ry dem, Peutrbach, Sitzei^irchen»Obat^iMk 
fc^kandcymwdingb cootittne^pte (a the Kieder Edunbeim \ g|-.<s ^tniv4. ^M.* 

6^ Iniififiing hiiilUf0n€i/r9m thi London Gazettrt. [Jan. 

oT tht 1 to Tlib mcnioms oiavciiieat,ef mjf commindcd by p«ii« Marwu m jriw 
tH« mwmff tiU the extreme difficulty of ?bni vhpm he nut. only repoired» but drove 

e^ B • fl _ ■• ^ _ _^ _ ^ ^ fl^ _^Le ^_ % s>e i bi *_ ■ • • • ^^ s^ 

an immediate attempt on Kehl» beyot^d Waldkircben> and made -hlniftlff 

Hettrmirted* hif. Royal Higlmefs to defer fi<a(ler of chat poft, and qf thcpadageof 

Die ttecurkin<iirth^en'erpn2e. Leaving, the rivef. On this occtilon thref baua* 

Chereforey a fuf&cienc corps to nbferve tlie lions of tlie enemy were furmiutdeJ, on* 

sflace, 1ie marched, on the i6rh, to MaU of wliich laid down their ai-ms aad the 

MrReni and affamed the iitfrnedtate com- other two were difperfed in the woods, 

fliand oif th* army of La Tour. I have Early on the toth, the Tan ginrd of tbf 

|be hontari Ice. Roa.AynTKuTHiii. army p.-i(TeU the .EItt at Eraendincen, and 

HfrnJ^mtsfterSf Ffihm^g, OH. at. found tluit tile enemy had taken .1 pofitioQ 

^ MV Lofdi I have the luMKuir of in- immediately behind tl^e village of Dents* 

foctmng yotir Lordfh'p, that» on the 19th lingcn, -*wth his riglit to Che mountains. 

Inft. his Royal HiglHfefs th^ Archduke at- and his left to the niarfiiy grauoil beyond 

tKktd the enemy» and, af er »n obflinate the village of VeHlelten, Hit Royal Kigh- 

eonbati made hirofelf mafterof all the po- nsfs determined immedUitely to attacls 

Alioas on the right h >nk of the Eltz. 1 he him ; and for t^at purpoie ordered Gen. 

troops ddlined for this operation marched La Tour, with his right wing» to crois the 

ftvRl the camp near Kentziogen before Ettz at Dcningen^ whilfl he himfelfy witb 

day^treak ; hut fuch were the diHiciiUies the left, and the corps of Naiieiidorf» 

of the groood and the badnefs of the ro.ds, advanced along the plain towards Friboorf. 

that it was aear 1 1 o'cl'Kk hrfore they The advanc«d guard of the Archduke^ 

reached the different points at uhich they cfrtumn diflrnlged the enemy from D^aots- 

were to af&mbte ; they were then diftri- linden without diflciihy ; but, as Geiu La 

bated into three diffbrcnt columns, of Tour met with confiderable oppoiitian« 

which the righti under Gen. La Tour, and was obliged to re eftablifli the bridge 

"iras deftined to attack the village of Km- of Deiiinj^eu, under die fire of the ene* 

dringeni the centre, commanded by Gen. mySartillerv, it was' evening before h« 

Warteofteben, was to earn' the heights was able to force the patfage oif the river, 

behind Mattertingen ; the left, under Gen. fo that h*s Royal flighneis did not indge it 

FftrarfdH was to proceed along' the road expedient to bring on a general atfilri ih 

from HiiimbarCh, towards Emeiulingeoy whidi only one part of tbe aniif could 

giilll llaj.-Oen. MerOtld^ witli vte brir have bern eigaged. The Princaof Far- 
ley attacked the w«iods on his l«fc, and ftenhurg, however, who commanded tba 
itipe Frederic of O^^ngei with anotherj right of Gen. La Tour's oalaam, fomd 
'^ndeavoorid to paft over the htgheil parts means to diflodge the enemy, from R»" 
of this moontaiuit fb as to turn the right gel, wlience he mecuced Iba gnaf mad 
of the anemy« Gen. Nauendorf, from to .firifach.' The whole #rmy palfed 
iBftadiy had orders at the f^me tiiY<e to at- the oiRht within lialf-earnion fhoK. of the 
the pod of Waldkirch. About noon et^emy *s advanced poftsi and «?eiy thiof 

the a^Hon began i the column f'f the i-igiit was prepared for renewinc tba adUos 
with a moft obftinafe refi dance ;' it early this morning. ' The enemy* bow^ 

r ep eatedly repulfed in its atuck upiiii ever, did not wait the attacks his main 
Ktndfingan, and the fucccfs remained for body reti>ed during tlie nigh^ and tba* 

tin^^ibtfulf until, his Royal High- rearguird followetl at day-bresk. Afmall 

oefs potting hinifelf at the head of the corps only took th A route of ]|rifa(Bh»wber^ 

grenadiers, they returned with ftfry to tt\e it pafTVd the Rhine, and de0^T^ tl^ 

Charge, and drove the enemy with grejt briJge: tlie reft of the army directed iu^ 

lofs Rvxii the village. M<ij -Gen. MerfeUI marcli upon Htmingen,' where a large 

bad tto kfs difficulty in making Uimfelf Teie-dcPant is faid to be ellabliflied. 

mailer of the wood' above Keimhacii \ During the operacions of the main army, 

tha ground was extremely favourable to the eorps of the Frince ef Cimdd and. 

the enemy, and he defended it inch by Gen- Frolich were extremely aAivc in the 

kich| nor was he completely driven fiom mounraim. Oii the i8ih, the Prince of 

k nntH the \fi ince of Orange, after a molt Conde drove the enemy, with very confi- 

laboriAn* marcrr, thi'Ough a country which derable lofs, from the ftrong polls of ^t. 

iMmed imi^netrnble fortroopf, appeared Megei-s and St. Peter, in the valley of 

is the open' grmird nhout Eraendingen, that name ; and Gen. Frolich forbsd .foooie 

a|id beg-Ill to attack his right Krom of the moft important paflEbs of the Vat 

tliai moiiAint the vi8h)ry became Jecifive. d'Enfer. On the ifth and aothy they cbn* 

Tke anerafy rei[»:(fed the EUz at Emendm- tinued to drive the enemy before thein^ 

fen add l/eninfen, deftroying the hriil^es and this morning arpe.ired defcend'iAg 

morilertocover his retreat.-' Gen. Nauen- from the niumitains above Fribourg. at 

^rf, meanthne/h.'ul hein no lefsfucceL- the moment that the Archduke's vaii 

^I'Wsifards'WalUlcircheii : at ihc mo:nent guard eiuei-ed the town^ and comribuied 

fill oi>luma ' was affemhtetl, he found him- much towards preiliog the rea^ of . the 

iUf #facitrd by a tsrge bodly 9/ tl>c rtnK" oAemy. I ;an «)V «]l \Saaa wamaoJi alblc Ui 

1797-] iuirefing JntelUgincs fnm thi LoDdon Gazettes. 

Mmttity^§€e% N-Af 19. EittraA iif a 
lirtter frun^ Ca^. Mnore, Comiparuler of 
Ms Majefty's ihip MeUitinis to Kran 
Vcp^an. Eft|. daiodolfcbellleof Wi^hCy 
Kov. 14. 

I have to acquaint you, for tht iafor- 
qutionoflheir UMndft>i|^» th.u, yefttiUay 
mcfiiing ai tliky-hreak, hit M^jefty's (hips 
Minerva ami McUmpus drove a French 

Qfy t/e /^Tfrf fnm Uiut. fT, Shmrp, cmhJ 
manUng bit Maiifi/t mmed cy^tr tht T)^ 
litr, to Evan Nrpcaif Bf^, itiitJ Swm^ 
Jg/ft ^f. 16. 

Sir» 1 am te acquaint you, Tor the io« 
formaiioii of their L<»rcl0iipSy that on thft 
Itch inft. 1 captureJ, in bit M^jefty'e 
hircU armed citucr Odver, under my com. 
mandf 7 Icagnes Sooth of the Land't Eod^ 

llaiinnaleorvetteonlhure, in the entrance the Pnividence lugger privateer, a neiv 

of Sarflciir (larbour. The wLmi heins di- faft^CaiUng veil«l, carrying 4 3-pounder% 

roAly uci (bore, and the tide falling, it pierced for 8, with 19 men, out 4 days 

was iropotilUe for hit Mayefty'i ibiiW to from St. M ilies, and had not uken anf 

gee near enough to deftroy her: hull thmg. I am^ Sir, ice Wm.Shabp. 
have no doubt Hie mud he totally loft, it Ahmirahy'tfict, Nov, 16. Ci>py of t 

being neai hstlf ebh 'when (he ftnick. letter from Com. Sir J. B. Warren^ c« 

Capt Pryron having ordered me to work Vice-AJ. Colp;*ys, dated f>n.huard hit 

up towards Havre, with the Melamput Majelly'& (hip La Pomone, .it Sea, u inlt. 
md ChildcrF, we parted from the M nerva Sir, I beg leave to inform you, chat 

ia tlie evening i and, at eight A. M. ihis this mornirig, UOiant-bearing N. E. by E. 

morning, the Childert being in comi^any, 
we difcuyered a Ihip, tu wtiich we give 
chjbce. At 4 P. M. we begun to hie our 
bow-guns at her, wliich (he returned with 
what guns (he could bring to hdr: sit 
half pall 5, being within liilf-muiket (hot, 
aiiMl going to give her a broadfide, (he dii- 
diarge'd her guns in the air, and ft ruck 
ber colours. She proves tu be L'Kttiai 
oi i3 jx-potinders, and 137 men, com* 
maiided by Citizen Jofeph L 1 Coiidrais, a bCi fcc 
H-tional coivctte, jhrom Havre, bomd 10 
Brefty laden fur the Rcput^ic with n.'.vji 
and military (lores, and various uilur 
articles. The pnfiHiers infcKm me, that 
t)ie other CTvetitf, aihiH e at Rai Aisur, had 
puled, the nigh' before I/htna i^id, from 
the Bafon of Havre, and is called L'Eion 

S leagues, 1 difcovered his Majefty's (hip 
Thalia in chace of a ilnnge Dil j and, tito 
Anois bieing praity well to windward, I 
made her fignal to join the purfuit alfo. 
and have the faci^fadtion to fay, chat Sir 
Edmund Nagle brought, her to at 1 1 
A M. DAiant-betring K. E. by E. ig 
leagues. She proves to be Le Franklin, 
moniiting 12 6-poMndefs^ ind a comple* 
ment of too men* 1 have the honour to 

J- WAaaKH. 

AMraJfy'ofieff Ncrv, ti. Letter froiVi 
Capt. fioweu, of his Majefty's (hip the 
TerpAchore, to Evan Nepean, Efq. dated 
at Gibriltar, Oa. a 3. 

Judging it to he proper ch«t my Lorda 
Cammiffloners of the Admiralty (hould bo 

oant, mounting 18 iS- pounders, bound for acquainted, as fnon as pMnble, with the 
Sreft, ahd laden with naval and military capture of a Spani(h frigate by bis Ma« 
ftoros. 'They are both qmte new, very jefty's Ihip under my command^ I here* 

with indofe y'*" a co^ of my letter to 
the CoRUi|a|ider in Chief, giving an ac- 
^uiu of the aAioii; ana I re^neft you will 
be I'leaCtd to lay the fame before tlieir 
Extraii •J 4 \eU9T ftotm Capt, Sott^n, of bit 

picte ftkip«, and iheir fijA cruise. 
txtrm^ 9fti Utterfium Cuft. Bvwatert Com^ 

WMnJtr tj bit Majefl/* iibip Trtmt^ t9 Evan 

N^ftam, Efp 

turmmtb lUudt, Nw. 16. 

You will be pleated to inform tlieir 
iiOrdftiipfy Ihac, m confe(|uence of the re- 
Arcreatatido of the Mayoir of Yarmouth, 
informing me that two(hip-,pa(rmg O^ifley 
B«y and this pUce, weie atcackrd by a 
fmall cutler privateer o(T SixithwoM, on 
Monday eve, about v o'clock ; 1 yefterday 
ipafning diTpatched tlvc Phceiix hired 
cuoer in queft of her, aud to give infor- 
valioii to Che fifpiegle brig, on tliat fta- 

Tburfltiy m»mng, A^. 17. The wind 
Mowiog very hard all day yefterday front 

Mdj^ys/b/MTerfJtchti, ioAJm. Sir John 
Jervist K.i, in Ctirf 'f big 
Ma/ejfy'i Sbift axi Veffeh in tbf MtMt^r^ 
roMemn, dated at Gibraltar, OSf. 13. 
On the UK^ming of :.Mc nth ^nft. ai day- 
break, we . difcoverud a frigate to wind- 
wardf ftaoding cowards oi. About eight 
1 could perceive' t^er making every pre- 
paration f'lr baule, aii«! iras then appi- 
reotly in chace vf us'. Our ficuation alto« 
getlier was fuch us 1 1 prevenc my being 
ovei-defirnus of cu^a^jifig her. Ouf of 

|he weft ward prevented my fen^iing chit our fmall compKnient of men, we had 

|o the poil; anil Once that time the PhcB- left 30 at the horpital, anJ we had 

■ ■ '' -• -• - *--- -- more, than that number flill on-boaid 

in our fick and coixvalefceht liflc, all of 
i^hom were extrcnady weak. Wc were 
(Scarcely out of (ighc of fhe fpot where 

pix has rrurnedco this place, brint'ing m 
with ber the privateer cutter (he was (ent 
jffcer. The privateer had been four dayi 
fmn Dunkirkf and h^d taken a light 
cntlier brig the dey before (be was oajf* 

we knew the Spaniih Aeet to have 
^•qi cruiiiqg only two d»f\\yt\oi«\ ^xv&« 

InUrifting Int^l&ginii from tU London Gazettes. { J^Q- 

fion of which ground, his Royal Highr it took, tcr Che l«|c ilong the fttnt of the 
fieft, if l\\i pntSy had porfevered in mtin- ifioumain, on whioh Aaiids tlie cjirtle of 
rtining His pofition, could the next day Biii'glelm. It then divided into ftvent 
Inve proceeded to the att«ick f>f the heights cotumm ; one of thefe atticked tlte village 
behind the ravine bf Redhngen- The ai- of Sitsenkirchcn, and, after carrying it, 
tempt was ardaoos { but every thing was defcended by the ravine I have defcribed 
t6 be exp^Aed from the exertions of the towards. Candern. Another column, ef 
ahnr : f'>r, the ealbnt examples invariably nfiich more connderable 'force, ti» the left 
fliewn the iro<^, in the rooft (i7ing fitu- of the fot mer, commaitded by Gen. 
atinns, by Uie brottier of th- \j Emperor, Nauendorff himffftf. He attacked the 
lild* the great ability wi^h which fie has ilrong height fitu.i^ed bstween the fAvina 
cdmimndcd tliem, has mfpired the whole of Sitzenkirchen and that of Candenit 
•rmy with a degree of confidence in, and an J, having gained pofleHion of tiiem after 
attachment tOy hi*> Royal Highoefs, which much qppofition, he arrived immedtately 
\i carried (» enthnftafm. The attack was ah*)ve the town of Candem. A third co« 
l»er formed in the following manner. The lum of I'tght infantry And huflan, com- 
ehiiy was divided into four principal co- maiided by Ma;. Gen. Merfeld, drove the 
Itimns ; the firfl, or right column, con- enemy from \\\c (Iron; woody heights 
irfted of tiie f riiice of Conde's cor|>F, to the right of Sitzenkirchen, and got pof- 
comm^nded by his Srrene Highncf!>, its feffion of the high ground between Can* 
advanced goard being led by the Duke dem and Reverach, which foi-m<( a part 
d'Enghein ; the fecond column confiiled of the chiin that runs between the heads 
of 9 batt^lidns and a6 fqnadrons, co:n- of the rjvine;:, ami i^ conneAsd uith the 
mended by the Prince of Furftenberg ; higli hill between Tannenkirk and Lid- 
the third column, of xi columns and,m By this means Gen. Merfeld was enabled 
brigade of cavahy, under Gen. La Tour ; to e(lnbli(h a comnnmicition, nc:ir Fener- 
and the fourth column coufifted of (he bach, wuh Gen. \a Tnm's lefr. The 
n^Hole advance J goard of the army, under enemy was now alfo driven from tlie vil- 
Maj. Gen. Nauendorff. The two fir A co- lage of Cnndern. Gen. Kaueodorft's 
Icdnns were deftined to employ tlie enemy corps h \d been in march all night $ and, 
fo as to prevent his detaching confiderahly owiifg to th« extreme badnefs of the ro;ids 
from his left wing, but not to attempt any, in the moimtains (rendered atmpft im- 
real attack on tf» main ppfition of that . paflahle) had not been able to commence 
wing, the ground from Scitlingen to the its real attack till two o*cIock, fo that i( 
Rhme being too ftrong to admit of it. The w«is late in tlie afternoon before it fucceeded 
tfiird and fourth columr)is were to make as fnr as I have mentioned. Aq extreme 
the real attack on the enemy's rii^ht win;;, thick nii^, followed by a vi-dent iibrmt 
and to endeavour to get nnind his flank, which laded till dark, put an end to thq 
fhe'Frince of Condi's column aflembled adlon. The enemy, finding Uiat the 
at Neaburg, and advanced to Steinfladt, operations of V\t day had cwnpletely pre- 
wliich village they attacked and cirricd, pared ttie way for an attack upon th^ 
anikd maintained with great firmnefs during heights o( Tanneiikirchen (which wi&to 
Khtfwhble day, though entirely commanded have taken this morning), did not 
by the left of the enemy's pofition. 1 he clioiffe to awa.t it, but retieated in the 
prince of Furftenberg's coUimn aflembled nif>ht. Hib re^ir-guard qni(ted the lieightl 
at Mulheim, and .idv.inccd towards $chlin- behind Schhn^en, about four o'clock tliis 
gen.' It took potlvfTion of the heights op- moimngi and lie appears to be retiring 
j^jofite the enemy's JH)ritiod behind J^cl dm- towards his Te-.e-de punt at Uuolnghen* 
gen, 'and maintained tliein under a fevere I have the hirnbur to be, &c. 
cannonade. Gen. La "four's column Roa. Cravfuid. 

Marched from Vegefheim throuQh Feld- }^a-!-ftfarten, M^ppacb^ OH. 17. 

berg. The right wing of it attacke«l the Mr L^rd, I iiavnthe honour to infoitn 
cnen^y in the vineyards between Fcldherg your Lord(hi;>, that, in the courfe of hl| 
ahd Schlingen ; whiUt the left Jrveihem night, Gen. Mtireau's army retreated 
<iut of Eckenl)eim, ihenjufTed the ravine, acroft the, Rhine at Uuninguen. flM} laft 
and attacked the woody hdU behind it. of his rear-guard was this'monung fiill 
nature of the ground was I'uch, that on the heights of Weillcr, on which he 
bo'tiAS^ ''-^"ks met with the molt o^- had connroAed a large and folid work \ 
Ainate i^M'^i ^^ >>Sbt» houevei'i at biit, afte^ a little (kirmithing with the 
length fucci A ci >> forcing the ei.emy to hufTiis, they evacutted the hcigiit anj 
^uit the vine yV^'» ^'^^ retiie behind Liel) rcdoiibt. before any inf.iuti7 could come 
and the Ieft,%<'i' driving them out of up } ar^d nothing now remains on thia 
a great part of t&p wood, lo'k a pofiiion fidw the riirer bo:' a few troops in a fmall 
with Its right banb to Nieder Eckenheim, Tete-de pont, behind w'.udi is a kiii4 
ird jts left eiaena-^S (o^vard^ Feueibach. of hotn-work, lately conftiudted on the 
Gen. N4uei)d'r;lVC^^c'^n ^^ predeiled . Ulmd called Shuettr InfeL I liavo^tlie 
6ca. L% Tour's ai b* m FaUlberg, wkcoce bouoiiriobei Ate* Aoa. CaAVVuan. 

IMT'D kuifcfing Intilliginci from tbi LoDdon Gazettes. 

jipmr^tyfitt, jy&v 19. Extra A iif A 
Iftter fr«m| Ca^. McKire^ Comniarkler of 
hi» Majefty's ihip Metaitinis to Kran 
|fep«aii9 Eft|. dated offchellle of Wi^hCy 
Kov, 14. 

I have to acquaint you, for tht iafnr- 
Vaiion of ilieir Lordftiips, that, yefteiUay 
mcfiiing aid^y-lWeaU, hit M^jefty's (hips 
Mimrva and McUmiMis cirove a French 

Cvjr •/4 /.iflVf fnm ptut. H''. Shmrp, etm^ 
mandiitg bis Mahftf't mmed cn^tr tie f)^ 
ijer, to Evan Septan, E/*j. dattJ Sws^ 
Jt^t A'. 16. 

Slr» 1 am t(» acquaint you, Tor the io« 
formaiioii of thair L<>rd0iips, that on thft 
Itch inft. C captured, in bit M«jefty'a 
hired armad cituer Onver, under my con- 
mand, 7 Icagnts Sooth of the LandV End^ 

ItKinnal corvette on Ihure, in Che eiMrance the Providence lugger privateer, a neiv 

of SarflcMi' Harbour. The wi^nd hcinj di- faft-CaiUng veil«l| carrying 4 3>pouoder% 

nCdj on (bore, and the tide falling, it pierced for 8, with 19 men, out 4 days 

was iropoffiUe for hit Msgefty's ibiiW to from St. M ilies, and had not uicen anf 

gee near enough to deftroy her: bull th>ng. I annj Sir, ice Wm.Shabp. 
have no doubt Hie mnft he totally ioft, it j^hmirahj-tfict, Nov, 16. Ci>py of a 

being near hrdf ebK ^yhen (he ftnick. letter from Com. Sir J. B. Warren^ to 

Capt Peyton having ordered me to work Vice- Ad. Colp'-iyt, dated nn-huard hit 

np towards Havre, with tl)e Melamput Majefty^ (hip Li Pomone, at Sea, uinlt. 
and QiildcrF, we parted from the M nerv4 Sir, I beg leave to infoi m you, that 

ia tlic evening 1 and» at eight A. M. ihic this morning, UOiii it- bearing N. E. by E. 

morning, the ChiUIert being in comi^any, 

we dircuyered -a Ih'.p, to which we g.ive 

chace. At 4 P. M. we beg:>u to hie our 

bow-gun^ at her, which (he returned with 

what guns (he could bring to heir: «it 

half pall 5, being within half-rruiket ftiot, 

aiHl g«>ing to give her a broadfide, Aie Jii- 

cliarge'd her guns in the air, and A ruck 

her colours. She proves to he L'Ktnay 

oil 1 3 jz-ponnden, and 137 men, com* 

laanded by Citizen lofeph Li CoiidiMis, a 

H-tionat coivctte, ^mm H^tvce, boiK'd to 

JSrefty laden for the Repuhlic with nivui 

aihl military ilores, and various uilur 

anidcf. The prifoners infiKm me, that 

Che ot)H:i c^^rvetttf, jihiHe at Rai Atsur, had 

jiailed, the mgh^ before I/btna tiid, from 

ihe Bafon of Havre, and is called L'Eion* 

oanty mounting 18 iS- pounders, bound for 

Sreft^ ahd Uden wtth naval and military 

0<ir0i. They are both quite new, very 

camplcte lh>p<, and their fijA cruise. 

txtrm^ rfu UtUrfitm Cupt. Bowateft Com^ 

mmJUr tf ii% MiiJ€fty* ^hip Trtnt^ t9 Evan 

Tarmmtb lUadist Nw. 16. 

You will he nieafed to inform their 
(^dihip<y that, m confe<|uence of the re- 
^refentatido of the Mayoir of Yarmouth, 
ioformmg me that two ihip-, paflTing O-ifley 
B«y and this plKe, weie attacked by a 
fmali citUcr privateer olf SoiitliwoM, on 
Monday eve, about 9 o'clock i 1 yefterday 
ipofning dtfpatched tlie Phcenix hired 
cutler in qoeA of her, and to give infor- 
snalion to the Bfpiegl^ brig, on tliat Aa- 

TbuffUymttmn^f l^. ly. The win4 
Mowing v'ci-y harJ all' day ycftcrday from 

S leagues, I difcovered his Majeily's ihip 
Thalia in chace of a ilnnge tul { aud, tlio 
Anois being pretty well to windward, I 
made her fignal to jidn the puifuit alfo^ 
and have ilie fati^fadtion to (ay, that Sir 
Edmund Nagle bDughc, her to at 1 1 
A M. DHiant-hearing K. £. by E. n 
leagues. She proves to be Le Franklin, 
numnting 12 6-po'indefS9' ind a coniple* 
ment of 100 men* 1 have the honour to 
be, fcc. J. WAaaKH. 

A.tmralty''9fiee, Nov, ti. Letter froAi 
Capt. Boweu, of his MajeAyS (hip the 
TerpridK>rey to Evan Nepean, Efq. dated 
at GibrdLir, Oa. a 3. 

Judging it to be proper th«t my Lorda 
Commiflioners of the Admiralty (hould bo 
acquainted, as fnon as pofllble, with the 
capture of a SnaniAi frigate by his Ma« 
jetty's Ihip uncMr my comnundp I here* 
with indofe y'm a copy of my letter to 
the CoRUiiaiider in Chief, giving an ac- 
count of the a^ion; anj I re^.tei^ you will 
be I'leaCtd to lay the fame before tlieir 

Extraii •J 4 Ulttr ftom Capt, S^Uffn, of bis 
Maje/iysfiip Terpfichoit, to Aim. Sir John 
yenfls, K.i. Commanjitr in Ckkf f bit 
Ma/ejfy'i Sbip% axi VcJJek in the ^tdtt^- 
ramanp dated at Gibraltar, 0^, 1 j. 
On Che mrrning of :h'j nth ^nf^. ai day« 
break, we , difcoverod a frigate to wind- 
wardy ftaoding towaio^ us. About eight 
1 could perceive' t^er niakmg every pre- 
paration for battle, an«i iras then appa- 
rently in chace •. f us'. Out fituation alto- 
gether was fuel) a 1 1 pi event my beir.g 
ovei-deiirous of eui^a^inz her. Ouf of 

.::J»^ing her. 
|he well ward prevented my fentiing this our fmall complcpient oi men, we had 
|o the pod s and lince that time the Phce- left 30 at the liofpital, anJ we had 

pix has rrurnedto this place, bringing m 
syith her the privateer cutter (he was (cut 
after. The privateer had been four dayi 
from Dunkirk^ and h^d taken a light 
jollier brig tlie di^ before fl|A was cap- 

more t\\^\\ that number fliU on-boaid 
in our fick and coiwalerceht lilh, all of 
^hom were eximiely weak. We were 
fcarcely out of fight of (he fpot where 
we knew the Spinifh Aeet to have 
^eqi cruifiqg only two d»f\\yt\oi«\ «x\^« 

^O Interejiing IntiBigtna firpm the London Gazettes. [Jan. 

in' faCl/ «.'e h»! fttioU on to lojok for Uiem» killeJ ind woanded ; he ftiU perimred 

with a vitw of afcermining their move- (thog|h he could rally bat few of his aea)' 

itientil A (JfitaH Spaniih vcffel^ which to defend his Ihipy alnoft loqger thao de* 

we ronjef tured to ba a (oi t of tender^ was fence wai juftiftihle. Had there baco fhv 

.patting TO, Aeering towardf Carthagena, ihialleft notinn in the iea, every mad mnft 

irt that I co^^d hardly flatter myfelf with inevitably have gone b)- the board. Our 

being able to bntig the frigate off in the loft has been Icfs thao could have 

€vait of a vi^ory, or of even cfcaping expected; bttt our-maftf^ fails, arid lig- 

myfelf, if difi^led. On xht other hand, ging, wore ftmnd to be pretty much cut 

it evidently appeared, that Nothing but up. The fpirited exerrions of every of- 

a flight; and faperior (ailing, co\Ud en- ficeri man, andhny, helnnging Go'the Ihip 

Jble me to avoid aAiuA ; and to do that 1 command, as weil in tlie adion, .at in 

froiia a frigate appatentVy not much fu* the fecui ing two diCsAiled (hips, and hnfig* 

perior to us, except in point off hoik, ing them mftantly off from a critical flitaa* 

Woold have been cotiimiiting the charac- ation, by fokin; their prise in tow^ and hf' 

Cfer of rne of his M^ijcAySfhips more than tlicir incelEtnt labour ever fincOi will, t 

2 could bring myfelf to refoive oo^ I tnift, when their fmsll number is oon- 

tlierefore c<^iitiniieJ (landing on without fidered^ place tliem in a light foperior ID* 

any alteration of couiie. Having, with any pnlife which I conid beAow. X aiQ 

tfitinite fatisf»Aion and comfort to myfelf^ even m willing to tjpeak of tiie paniadar' 

eommaoded tlie Terpfichore's crew for oonduA of «ny of Hie officeni t but tha' 

two years and a half, through a pretty talents difphyed by the firi^ 4iAiCenaiiC 

confiderablc variety of fervices, I well (Devonfhire), who was juft ooc df oar 

knew the veteran f^uff which 1 had ftiU lick lift, during the aAioo, added to hb 

left in liealth to de^^end upon, for nplioldr uncommon fotigue in takiiig care of the. 

ing the charadhu^ of Britdb ieamen; and prizey and the very able raaoncr in wfakh' 

Y felt my mimi jt cafe^ as to the termina- he condii6led aiid prepared to defend her^ 

•ion of any a^on with the frigate in fight entitles him to this diftinAioni and |>royet 

only. At haK pad nine <he came williin him higlily deierving of the rocommendfr- 

haUi and hauled tier wind on our weathei^ tion y^n gave him with hi^ appeintnenc 

beam ( and as. I conoeived (he waited only in the Weft Indies. Arid although I had 

to place berfelf to advantage, and to point rather any other perfon ftiould obferre tht 

Her gnns with cKaitncfs, and being myfelf condtiA of a brntfaer of mme in aAkNi» 

unwilling to hife the piifition we were then and fpeak of it afterwards yet I feel it to 

in, I ordered ^^ne gun to be fired, as a crier be my duty, as captain of the Ihip, to ftatOt 

vt her liue«;tioii. it was fo inftantaneoufly that I thought Mr. Bowen's (tlie feoond 

returned, and followed up by her whole lieutenant) conduA was particularly anf* 

broadftde, that I am confident they muft mating to the fhip's companyi and ufeftpli 

have done it at the fight of our fiafh. The from the great numVer of gpnt which ht 

a^ion of courfb went 00| and we fooo dif* faw well pointed in the courfe of the adboo { 

cov e red that her people would fiot| or added to whleh, fhmi the abfenoe of chQ 

eouM not, refift o|ir fire. At the end of firft lieutenant on-board the priie, the !■• 

about an Iknk* and 40 minutes, during bouringoarof this (hip has fallen oolnmi 

whid) time we had twice vrore, and em- and, in my mind, the talk we have had 

ployed about so of tlie.laft minutes in fuice the aAion has been inftnilety more 

ch^ce, (he fm rendered. At this period arduous than that of the sAion itfolf. The 

Ihe appeared vricA\ entirely clifabted, and name of the prixe is the Mahonefa, carry* 

we liad drawn up ciofe alongfide, with ing on the main deck a 6 SpaniQi tweivefy 

' every gun well charged and well pointed, (weighing 18 ounces more than our'Sy) 

It was, neverthelei^ with confiderabk 8 Spaoilb fixes on tlie quarter-deck, ainl' 

difficulty that i prevailed on the Spaniih a number of brafs cohonis, fwtvelsi he* 

Commander to decline the receiving of had onoboard 275 meii, befidesfht piloi^^ 

fnch a broaOfide by fuhiAittings and horn qualified for tlie Mediterranean as far as 

every thing which I have fmce leamed| Leghorn, and to be puf on-board of Ad* 

the perfnnal courage,. aoodudy and zeal, Langara's fleet, which (he. had been fimt 

of tliat of5cer, whdie name ii Don Tho- out from Carthagena to fc)ok for. She 

mas Ay^lde, was fuch during the aAion, was built in the year 1786, at Malma, it 

Dotwithf^'anding the event of it, as rtfleds of very brge dimtnfmns, merffuringi 114 

on him the greateft honour, and irie-' tons and a half Spaniih, was before the ac« 

liftiMy imprefies on my mind the higl»eft tion in compieie good Dmditi<in, and ii 

adminrion of his chara6l«r. After (frtim confidertd by the Spaniih offfieert th« 

the rffe^ ol- our fire) all his booms had fil^ft fiilers one of tiie beft conftruAedy. 

tumblnl dovk'n-, and rendered his wafte and, what they attach cnnfiderable im* 

guns uilferviceable, all the ftttding rig- portancrto, the han«!(bmeft frigate in thar 

ging n\ his lotiter mails fliot away,' and I navy. Both the frigates have thif ipoweiH 

believe nearly every running rope cut lOcbiNred infafety. ' . - 

1 797-] lfi^i''€ftifig bUiUiginci fr$m ibt London G<i7^tr9, ^t. 

Nn/, IS. Letter from Vice«AU. KiugU 
mill, Co Evan Kepean, ECq. UaieU on-hoand 
hit Majefty's ihip L'Eopgeaiite» ia Corky 
Harbour, Nov. 14. 

His Ma>efty*s ibip Polypliemus an«l 
Cerberus arriVod bere fefttrday afier- 
■0JQ9 the fanner not haviag feen any 
thing worth noticef md the iauer havings 
as inrimaied 10 my Utt, captured L'Hiron- 
delle (late Sans Culotte) cotter priva- 
teer» of 10 guns and 60 meiiy aod chiife-1 
tba Fraoklia brig privateer into the fqua* 
ircBL under Sir John Warren, wlio made 
I prhe of her. Thefe privaceersy wi'h 
three others taken hy the Santa M^- 
{iritta and Dryad, formed a fmall fciiu- 
inn which ha'l fiued out and faileil lo- 
gKher from Breft, to (cour the entrance 
of the £agli(h Channel, but have thus 
happily been all (ecured by our cruifiers. 
CapL Drew has, befiJes, re-captured the 
hckfoQ Junior, Jamaica, home-bonnd 
nip; and the Friendllvp, Blake, fioni 
ths Cape of Good Hope. The ^rft is come 
hither, and ttie latter fuppoiied gone to 
Rymooth. Inclofed is CapL Drew's letter 
ti ma^ witli an account of bis prize*. 

Crr&erwsi Cori lUrhonr^ Nov. 1 3. 

Sr, 1 have to iuform you, tliat, on 
the tft inft. in company with his Ma- 
jcAy's (hipt Diana and Magnaninie, lat. 
^. ^ K. long. S. 36. W. 1 gave diace to 
a Cnl in the S W. and coiniisued chaling 
tdl the next morning, when the was cap- 
lured by Sir John Warren'k fquadron, 
ad proved to be the Franklin, a French 
invateer brig^ carrying 12 9 pouodei's, 
ad 80 men. On the 4th I re-uxsk the 
Ihip Frieodihip, from the Cjpe of Odid 
Rope ; the 5th, took the L'Himudelle, a 
Frendi cuner privateer, carrying 10 6- 
poondcrs aiid 53 men, but had thrown ^ 
«f her guns over-board in the ci.ace ; and 
en the 6tb re-took tiie Jackion Junior, 
from Jamaica. I have the honour to 
be. Ice. John DakW. 

Tar/iameat'Jhitt, Nw. Z9. Difpatch 
from the Governor aod Cmincil of Ma- 
dras, dated Furt St. George, June li, 
1796, received h/theCouit of Dire^ors 
of the Eaft India Company, and bytlicm 
communicated to Mr. Dundas. 
Honourable Sirs, 

'We have particular fatbfjidtion in of- 
fering to yoo our fincere congratulations 
en .the complete foccefs ivhich has at>. 
tended the operations of Rear- Ad. Rainier 
in the Eaftarn Saas ; and jinlging that an 
earlf communication of this event might 
be of maieriai ufe to his Majefty's Mi- 
■ifter^ wc have, determined to forward 
tins letter by ttie route ol Bullorah. It 
appears by the reiradmirars diff^atches, 
d^ted the a;ih pf March and i tth of Apiil ynor inttreiU. We 
bft, and ^ich reached us oo the i$th he, &c. \ ob^it. 

tilh troops were in ptTfTeifion of the tflands 
of Amboyuaano Bauda, with their fevcral 
dependences, comprifing, as it was thought, 
the whole of the DutcJi iflands, exception 
Furnaie, yielding cloves, nutmegs^ and This a<fquificinn lias been attained 
wiUiout the fmaUeft lufs oil our fide. Am« 
boyna and its dependencies were delivered 
up 00 the 1 6th of February i and Bauda aixl 
its dependencies on the gth of March. 
Copies uf the capitidation are enctofed^. 
T'le admiral fpeaks in t!ie h.inil(bmeft 
manner of the .id\ivity and ulacncy with 
which every duty was pei formeJ by the 
forces under his comniand^ both naval 
and military } and dwells particularly en 
the perf<M^l Itormony which iill along fuh- 
nfted between th« ofHccis and men in 
both fervices It bch )vcs us on this oi- 
cafuin to coi.vey 10 you the high fmfe wo 
entertain of the aMe and fpinted coiuluft 
difpbyed by Rear- Ad. K.iinier^ wliofe 
hearty co-opeiatum with us in eery mea- 
fure conducive 1 1 the public weal demands 
otir wurmeft acknowledgments ; and 
whilfl we feel afTured of your entire ap^ 
probaticm of all tlic meaiib em piny eJ by 
this government, to give effcdl to the ar- 
rangements framed by his M.ijelly*s mi- 
niflters for fecuring the Dutch fettlcnicnfs 
iu ludia, it is nevetihelefsincu-nbent upon 
us to declare, tiie accomphlhmcnt of 
this great ohjeA has been cliicfly ohtaindd 
by the zealous and chearfuj fupirart which 
we have hsd the gocid fortune to experi- 
ence fiom the oflicer entruilAd with tl^e 
execution of it. We Ihilt do oiu-felves 
tlie honour of trinimitting, hy the fit^ 
fea conveyance, c6pres cf all the paper^s 
received from the adiTiirai, which tviU en- 
able you to tiirm an :iccur.%;e opinion ot 
the value uf thole if>;\iids. At prefent We 
can only give you a lummnry of hi:i pro- 
ceedings. The admiral U*Kk(\iX in the trca- 
fiuy of AniNiyrij 81^1 12 rix dollars, and 
in ftore ^ 1 5,94c po ind< weight of clovei- ^ 
and in ttie tica'ui-y at EUnda S 6,675 rix 
dolUri| and tn itoie K4,777 {Mund! ot' 
nutmegs, 19,537 pounds t>f mace, bcTide& 
i.ier^h:iiKlifea:>d other ilorus'at each place, 
upon whicli tlo vah'p h.;d hten then put." 
We aic pief)anng in fend fi reiutrircemehC 
of troops for Hie betef prrtedion c^ t|io(e 
v^lnable iil.iods ; and, 'as the ndmirrtl lias 
advifcU us that he is Ihon of provifions, 
and in want of a fupply of naval and mif i- 
tary florcs, ic r our intention to forward 
an adequve ftock of every necefiary ar- 
ticle. We have great pleafure in ac« 
(^uainting you, ih;ic the Company s pf- 
feflions on t lis coaf^ are in a ftate of pel • 
fbdl tranqdilhty i and that we have tn» 
reafon to believe tint any defigns are it 
agitation by the native poweis hoflile to 

have ihc h'»aour • % 

iB&j^^ OKpheiuir^te, ;bac the Bti- f ow, SAiyfi&fci. C, >M.¥KV.u<)f i&v^ 

^O Inter ejilng IntiBigtna firpm the London Gazettes. [Jan. 

in fa^/ «:e had ft(K)«l on to lock, for Uiem» kiileJ and wounded ; he ftHl pcrievered 

«'ith t view of afcertaining their move- (thoogh he could rally bol few of his men)' 

ftietitsi A Imatl Spaniih vcffeli. which to defend hit Ihip, aimoft longer than de- 

we conjectured to be a foi t of tender^ was fence was juftifiihle. Had there been the 

pafiing m, Aeering towards Carttiasena, ftnalleft nootinn in the fe% every mad moft 

in that I coqtd hardly flatter myfelf with inevitably have gone h)- the board. Our 

being able to bring the frigate off in the lofs has been Icfs than could have been 

€veiit of a vi^ory, or of even cfcaping e3cpe6ted; but ourmailf, fails, and rig- 

inyfelf, if difi^led. On the other hand, gtng, were ftmnd to be pretty much cut 

it evidently appeared, thai Nothing but up. The fpiriied exerrions of every of- 

a flighty and fuperior (ailing, could en- iicer, man, and hoy, belonging to the ihip 

Jble me to avoid aAiuA ; and to do that 1 command» as well in tlie aAion, .as in 

froth a frigate appatentVy not much fu- the fecoring two difabled (hips, and bring* 

perior to us, except in point off bulk, ing them iuftanily off from a critical (itna* 

Would have been connmitting the charac- ation, by taking their prize in tow, and by 

cer of riie of hit MHjeAyS(hips more th^ tlicir inctlCint labour ever fince, will, t 

2 could bring my (elf to refoive oo^ I truft, whvn their fmsill number is con- 

tlierefore coutinneJ (landing on without fidereJ) place tliem in a light foperior to' 

any alrerati'on of cmufe. Having, with any prstife which I oonld bcAow. I am 

kinnitc fatisfaAion and comfort to my(elf, even unwilling tofpeak of the p.titicnlar 

eommanded ilie TerpAchore's crew for oondudl of s^wy of the officeni i but the 

two years and a half, through a pretty talents difplayed by the firil iieutaiant 

eonfiderabic variety of fervices, I well (Devon(hire), wlip was joft oct Of our 

knew the veteran ftuff which I had ftiU lick lift, during the a6li(ir, added to hit 

left in Itealth to de))end upon, for npholdr uncommon fatigue in taking care of the 

ing the charadh^ of Britdb ftamen ; and prize, and the very able manner in which 

Y felt my mimi jt eafe^ as to the termiiia- he coodnfled and prepared to defend her, 

•ion of any a^on with the frigate in fight entitles him to this diftin^Ton, and itroyes 

only. At haK paft nine (he came wiiliin him higlily de(crving c>f the recomnicnda<- 

liaii, and hauled lier wind on our weather- tion yon gave him with his appointment 

beam ; and as. I conoeived (he waited only in the Weft Indies. And although I had 

to ifijict lierftlf to advantage, and to point rather any other perfon ftiould obfenre tht 

her gnns witli exaitncfs, and being myfelf conduA of a brntlier of mine in adKoo, 

unwilling to lufe the ptifuion we were then and f|>eak of it afkerwanhy yet 1 feel it to 

in, I ordered '>ne gun to be fired, af a Crier be my duty, as captain of tlie (hip, to ftate, 

ot her intention. Jt was fo inftantaheoufly that I iliought Mr. Bowen'f (tlie fecond 

returned, and followed up by her whole lieutenant) conduA was pariicularly ani* 

braadfide, that I am confident they muft mating to the thip's company, and ufefoli 

have done it at the fight of our ftadh. The from the great numVer of guns which he 

a^ion of courfb went on, and we fnon dif« faw well poimed in the coorfe of the action % 

covered that her people would Hoty or added to whleh, fhmi the abiienGe of tbo 

eoiihl not, refift our fire. At the end of firft lieutenant on-board the prize, the hi* 

about an Iioer and 40 minutes^ during bouring oar of this (hip has fallen on Idm | 

which time we had twice wore, and em- and, in my mind, Che ta(k we have liad 

ployed about ao of tlieUft minutes in fuice the aAion has been infinitely more 

ch^ce, (he fm rendered. At this period ardooiis than that of the aAion itfelf. Tho 

Ihe appeared moll entirely tlifabled, and name of the prize is the Mahone(a, carry* 

we had drawn op clofe alongfide, with ing on the main deck 26 Spaniih Cwehret, 

every gim well charged and well pointed, (weighing 18 oonces noore than our'^) 

It wns, neverthelei^ with conitderable 8 Spaniih fixes on the ciuarter-deck| aiid' 

diilKulty that 1 prevailed on the Spaniih a number of brafs cohorns, fwivelsi &c« 

tommairder ro decline the receiving of had on-bnard 275 men, befides (ix pilot^^ 

fuch a broadfide by fubiAttting ; and h:om qnalified for tlie Mtditerranean as far as 

every thing which I (laTe imce learned, Leghorn, and to be put on-board of At*. 

the perfnnal courage,. sondoA, and zeal, Langara's fleet, which (he had been lent 

of tliat officer, whefe name is Don Tho- oat from Carthagetm to k)ok for. Sfael 

mas Ayalde, uas fuch during the aAion, was built in the year 1786, at Malion, if 

noiwithfVanding the event of it, as rcfleAs of very brge dimenfmns, me<tfuring x 114 

on him the greateft honour, and ine-' tons and a half Spaniih, was before the ac* 

liftibly imprefles on my mind the higbelt XMvn in complete good Dmdititm, and is' 

adrninnon of his charaJler. After (ft'iim confider^d by the Sp-ani(h officers the 

the rffe^ ol-our fire) all his booms had fil^ft fsilers one of ti« beft conftruded,. 

T^imble^I down*, and rendered his wafte and, what they attach cnnfiderable im^ 

pins uilfet-viceahle, all the fta&ding rig- portance'to, the hahilfdmeft frigate in their 

ging oi his lotver ma(\s fliot away,' and I aivy. Both the fi igates hare this momcm 

believe ticarly every running rope cut lOcbiNrad infafety* 
rbrcoth, and a- great number 'Ofbtfpmlt i am, lis* R. Bowiit. 

1 797«] Jba^Tifiutg ffddHgifUi frnn ibg Loodon Gazettcf , y j.. 

MtOn It* Lftter froai Vk«-Ad. Kingf- 
■kUVco Enui K«ptaat Eiq. «bu«i on-hoand 
hi$ Maiaftf 'i ihip L'Eiigii^aate» in Cork, 
Harboory Nov. 14. 

Hit, Majefty't Ibip Potypliemut ami 
Ceitcnt arriTiRd tmn refttnUy after- 
■oao, cIm lonMr not btving fetn any 
Ma^ ivwth ooiictt mii the latter hatringy 
atintiiaitted 10 oiy Itft, canCima L'Hiroo- 
Mltt Qait Stm Cidatte) cmier priva- 
HMTf of 10 gimt and 60 wntn, afid chafe-1 
ibt Fraoklia brig privateer kito the fqua- 
ten.iader Sir John Wtrreo, who made 
a pnam U bar. Thefo privatcen, wi'h 
three pthett udceo I9 the Santa M^- 
fvittji ami Dryedy formed a fmall fqoa- 
difm wbid> bad fitted oat end failed lo- 
yrlwr £rom Bnft, to Ccour the entrance 
of the Englilb Cbannel| bot have thus 
b^ppily been all (ecured by our cruifiers. 
Opt. Drew has, befiJes, re-captured the 

fackfoQ JunioTy Jamaica^ home-tK^nud difpUyed by Rear-AU. Rainie 
mips' and the Frieiidllvpy Blake» fiom hearty co-operation with us in ew 
the Cape of Good Hope. The ^rft is come 
hithtry and the latter fuppoiied gone to 
Rymouth. Indofed is Capt. Drew's letter 
to mm$ with an account of bis priie*. 

drhentit Cori Hsrhtur^ Nov. i j. 
9r« 1 Have to infurm you, that« on 
the tft. inft. In company vrith his Ma- 
jefty'iL fliipt Diana and Magoanime, lat. 
49^ J N. long. S. 36. W. 1 gave diace to 
a lail io the 8 W. and continued chafing 
till the next aomingy when the was cap- 
tured^ by Sir John Warren^ fquadron, 
and proved to be the Franktiiii a French 
privateer brig^ carrying 11 9 pound«i's» 
and 80 men. On the 4th I ra-uiok the 
Ihip Fri^dihipy from the Cjpe of Good 
Hope I the 5th, took the L'HimDdelle, a 
Fkonch ciicter privateer, carrying 10 6- 
poondcTS arid 53 meu» hoc had thrown ^ 
of her gons over-board in the chace ; and 
eo ttie 6tb re-took ilie Jackuin Junior, 
from Jamaica. I have the honour to 
be^ Ice. JoHji Dakw. 

Tarliamau^ittf Niv, 19. Difparch 
from the Governor aod Council of Ma- 
dras, dated Furt St. George, June 12, 
1796, received bytheCouit of Di tenors 
of the £aft India Company, and by ibem- 
commonicated to Mr. Dundas. 
Uoiiourjble Sirs, 
^We have p^rticulai Cuisfadtion in of- 
fering to yoo our fincere congratulatioui 
on .the complete fucceis which has. at- 
tended the operations ofAear- Ad. Rainier 
in the £a(tern Saas ; and j\idgtng that an 
early communication of. this event might 
be of materia u<e to his Majefty's Mi- 
Biflersy WQ have, determined to forward 
tliis letter by the route ol Bullbrah. 

tiih troops were in ptrfTemoD of the ifbtnds 
of Amboyuji anu Banda, with their feverat 
dependences, comprifmg, as it was iboogbt, 
tlie whole of the DutcJi iflands, excepting 
Fornaie, yielding cloves, nutmegs^ and 
mace. This a<fqui(itian has been atuined 
without thefmalleft lufs 011 our fide. Am- 
boyna and its dependencies were delivered 
up 00 the i6th of February { and Baiida an4 
its dependencies on ilie Sth of March. 
Copies uf the capitidation are enclotetf. 
T'le admiral fpeaks in t!ie handftMneft 
manner of the a^vity and alacrity with 
which every duty was pcrfomieJ by the. 
forces under his command,; both naval 
and military ; and dwells particularly un 
the perfect harmony which iill aluog fuh- 
iUled between the ofQcets and men tri 
botti fervicef. U behoves us on this oc-^ 
cafiun to coi;vey to you the high fenfe wo 
enteruin of the ahle and fpirited comluft 

ainier, wliofe 
ery mea- 
fure conducive t > the public weal demands 
our warmed acknowledgments ; and 
whilft we feel afTured of your entire apl^ 
probaticm of all the mean^ employe:! by 
this government, to give effedl to the ar- 
rangemenu framed by his Majelly's mt- 
nilters for iccurin|| the Diitch fettlements 
in ludia, ic is neveiihelefsincoinbent upoa 
us to declare, tJiat tiie accompUlhment of 
thu great ohje^ has been chiefly obtain^ 
by the zealous and chearfi^ fupport which 
we have had this go«id furiui)e co experi- 
ence fiom the officer entrutled with the 
execution of it. We Ibal! do onrfelve^ 
tlie honour of trmimitting, by the firt^ 
fea conveyance, c6pres uf all the papers 
received from the admiral, which will en- 
aMe you to ftirm an accur.tre opinion of 
the value uf tliofe iOiai)ds. At prefent Wo 
can only give you a fummary 6f hi:; pro- 
ceedings. The admiral fi»uad in the trea- 
fiu y of Amboyn J 81,112 rix dollars, and 
in ftore ^1 5,94c po.inds weight of clove>f 
aod in tlie trea'uiy at Banda 66,675 rix 
dollar*, and in Itoic 84,777 pounds of 
nutmegs, 19,587 pounds of mace, befides 
nierchandifeiidd other (lorcsac each place, 
upon whic'.i ito vatne h.^d been then put. ' 
We are pieparmg lo fend p reinfnrcemehc 
of II oops for^be beter prcte^ion of t|i61e 
valuable I OiiDds ; and, 'as the admiral has 
advifcd us that lie is ftunx of provifions, 
aod in want of a fupply of naval and mili- 
tary florcs, it ts our intetuion to forward 
an adequve (^tck. of eVery necel&ry ar- 
ticle. We have great pleafure in ac« 
(|uaihiing ymi, ihac the Company s pif* 
fellions on t lis coaf^ are in a ftate of pei • 
h^ tranqdillity ; and that we have 6t> 
reaion to believe tliat any defigns are id 

appean by the reir-»lmiral's dilfnichesy agitation by the native powers hoftile to 
d^ted the a^th pf March and 1 tth of April yoor interefts. We have ihe h'^nour < . 
laf^, and which rav^hed us on the i^tb he, &c. 1 oBAar. ALURaoGt^MA. . 
ioft. $9 tiM|,0^phciis(rigsite^ ^ the BrU fow. SAiypAgj. C, W.Ei^vu^ti&v^ 

/Te At eMimaJ'J ' ' • 

J2 Gift. Wafliington'i E»iwel Mdrefi u thi If Aiccd States. [Jan. 

AmiHican Niwi. coiifi^racions invite (be United SttCes to 

tn our Supri sm^ wt» p. ioS9, we gave look to the me^ns, and to fet about ibt 

at length Gen. Wefhiogton't famous addrefs gradua! creation of a navy. The increa- 

to the United StaieStuo Sept. i7i I79^ \ and A"g pmgrefs of tUeir navigation prooMfei 

fhaUnowcopythefpeecbofthicjuf)ly-cele- ihetn, at no dii^ant period, tbe re<|iiifite 

bratcd Stalefniani on opening tbe Congrefs, fopply of feamen ; and their aicaai iq 

Dec. 7 : omitting only a few paflages rela- other refpeds fiivcMir the undertaking, ft 

live to finance and. local ragiilatiotis. ii *n eoc<>ui :*gemem likewife^ that their 

<< In recurring to the internal fituatioa ptfticular fitoation will give weight and 

of our couniryi fince I had laft tbe plea- inAoence to, a moderate naval force ia 

Ua^ to adi'jefs you, 1 find ample reafon their hands. Will it not then be advifeibia 

for a renewed expreffioo of that gratitude to begin, without deUy» to prowide and by 

to tbe Ruler of the Univerfe, which a am- np the materials fpr the building and equip* 

tioued feries of profperity bas fo often and ping of (hips of.wari and to proceed in the 

fo >oAly calUd forth. The »As of the iall woik. by degrees, iii proportion as our re^- 

Icifion, which required fpecial arrange- fouices (hall render it pi amicable, withuot 

ments, have been, a& far as. circumllances inconvenience! fo that a future war in 

would admit, carried into operation. Mea- Europe m:«y not 6iid our commerce in tbe 

Cures calculated to enfure a continuance of fame unpruteAed Hate in which it was 

the friendftiip of tlie Indinn^, and to pre- f(*und by the prefent > — Congiefs have re- 

ferve peace along the extent of our in- peatedly, and not witlioui fuccefs, di- 

terbr frontier, have been digefted and ie6led their attention to the eooonnige- 

adopted. In the framing of thefe, care mtnt of manuf^fiures. The objeft is of 

has been taken to guard, on the one hand, too much confcquence not to enfure a 

our advanced fettlements from the preda- continuance of their effi>rt^, in every waf 

lory iocurfions of thofe unruly individuals, tint Ihall appear eligible. As a general 

whocaanot be retrained by their tribes | rulc^ roanufa^ures on public account are 

and, on tf>e other hand, to protect the expedient. But, where the flate of things 

righu fccured to the Indtaos by treaty, to in a country leaves little Impe that ccnam 

draw them nearer to tlte civilized (late, branches of manufaduie will, fur a great 

and toiuCpifc them with correft coucep- Icngihof time, obtain i when thefe arc of 

tioos of^ tlie power, as well as juftice, of ^ n^iture effential to tbe furnilhii^ and 

the govemment^^After many delays and equipping of the public force in time of 

difappotcitments, arifuig out of tlie Euro> war, are not ellabliihiueiiu for procoring 

pean'war, tbe final arcangements for ful- them on public account, to tbe extent of 

filing tbe engagements made to ihe Dey the ordinary demand for tbe public fer- 

and Regency of Algiers will, in all pre- vice, recommended by ilrong ccmfidera- 

ient appearance, be crowned with fuccefs ; tmns uf national policy, as an exception td 

but under great,- though inevitable, difad- the general rule ? Ought our country ta 

vantages in the pecuniary tranfaAions oc* remain in fuch cafes dependent on foretga 

cafinprs* by that waf» which will render a fupply ; precarious, becaufe liable to be 

lartber proviiion necelfary. llie aAual jnteriupted Mf the neceflary articles fliould 

liberation of all our. citizens who weie pii' in this tnoJe coft more in lime of peace, 

loners in Algiers, while it giauiies evMv will not the fecurity and independence 

feeling heart, isitfelf an cat heA of ;ilati:fac- thence arifing form an ample compenfa- 

tgry termination of the whole negptiar jimi. tion ? Eftahlithments of this fon, commen- 

To^na^iveeaiarnal commerce, tlie i>rc>icc- furate only with tite calls of the public fer* 

^ tioq of a naval force is indifpeiifable. This vice in tiM; time of peace, will, in time of 

' js inan'feft with regard to wars in which a war, eafily be extended in proportion to 

' Hate is itielf a party ; but, befides this, it the exigeitce of the government, and may 

' is in our own experience, the raoft even perh;ips be made to yield a furplus 

^ocere neutrality is not a fufficieni guard for the fupply of our citizens at large ; fo 

. aa^Q^ tlie depredations of nations at war. as to mitigate the privateers from the ia- 

'y To fecnre rcfpedt to a neutral flag requires terrupiion of their trade. If adopted, the 

* a naval force, orgar.ized, and ready to virt- plan ought to exclude all thofe branches 

dicaieit from infult and aggreffiun. This which are already, or likely foon to he, 

may even prevent tlic necelTity of going to vllabliflied in the country, in order that 

. waf, by'difcouraging bell'gereiit piiwers there maybe no danger of interfersDca 

Irom committing fuch violations of the witli purl'uits of individual induAry. It 

. lights of thcAcutral party, as may, firit will not be doubted, that, with reference 

or la^, leave no other option. From tlie either to ii:diridual or national welfare, 

beft information 1 have been able to ob- agriculture is of primary importance. In 

tain; it would feem as if oar tr^de.tothe proportion as n.itions advance In popnla- 

Metliteiffaiieaii, without a prottAing feice, tion^ -^nd other circtunilanceS of maturity, 

w^l always be infecure ; and our citizeus this tritth becomes more apparent, aod 

cgpofed tp tbe calamitief from which num- tenders tbe cultivation of the loil moie 

Wrs of them have been juft relieved. Thcfe gnd mate au object of pidflic pauronage. 

S. In- 

l7M.<^MrfAiUgl6p'af^#m//44^ 9f 

>'^pniMinifi^r&itvep,fup' both would htxard iv Tafl.;// nr txpofo it 

pVrfMl ky Vie |ii#Mic parf»{ «nd Co «h« to greaiar'ftvilft wtiM war loold'hoC \m 

«l$«ft< W ic tap telba«c4 «kh gveacv avoiiied. Mhim that war might noc alfr 

'f 'Atrtfet di* MMsiii Mrbich hav« wayi depfend on itt own dioice |- tri >ro4 

;'ito|ltt^t* 'IrdM «AI, non* hare pnrtia»atth8okfanPMC«ofpM:ificma*iifit 

> Tim4 W "iwth gmtSH' fKeeft thrrti nifhc exempc t notion from the Heceflkv 

W^ «(UlNiMMf:r-<if HmmII,' cenpefed of <{£ pni<lifing the rnlef of the military atff» 

»!■» thiWrftHH^ dMrgCiil iriih enllfeft- ought' t» he itt care in prefening. tmi 

faMiflMiititofarntetiiiAiandonibtea tranfmhtiAg,- by proper elhMtniments, 

'an|>raiefl peennnry aidf, td the knowledge o( thjt art. Wi.ateycr 

an^* kM a- fpirii ef iWcovery arguiaent >iray tie drawn from parficulat 

TUm fpcddi of cHab^ eatamplM foperfieblly viewed, a thoronfft 

:0aMnlluica.*iaWy to theincraafe ecamination of the fidijea wilt w¥\iM 

\t by Atambung to enter* that the art of war is at once OHRpreheilf 

BMVit. ted fay drawing co five and eompticateil i that it deinandb 

Mhe reftiU evo^ where mucAi previoat ftudy i and chat thepof^ 

IkiU 'and oblbnracion» and ^fefficn of it in itt moft improved aaH petV 

ithanpaeiver ch# whole na« fie^ fbte is always of great aMmierit to 

VflCpeffience aceordingly bai fhewh, the feenriiy of a nnioa. This, CherBfni^, 

that they are vary cheap iaftnmeDtt, of ought to be a ferioti^ care of Tttf go^ 

imnanft nauonal beoefttk 1 have havato* vemment ; and for this ptirpofe an acji^ 

kam pffopafrd to the confidaratien of Con* dea»y, where a regular courfe of infrfne^ 

greft tfaa aspadiaiKy of. eftabliAiog a na«> tioo is giveq, is m ohvions expedient ivhick 

lionrf Qoirirfity t and aUb a miKcary aca* diflei ent natient have luccefsfirity emphijFt 

dMiy.'-The defirabledeiir of both theifc cd. The cenipenfations to cheolpeenalf 

hai 46 conftamly incicafed the United Statei in various An^ksnom, 

•eaMi avevy view I lunra bifccn n£ the fub« and in none more-Chan in rt(pt6t to thfc 

ieA^.tl'iar:!: cannot nmit the opportunity mo{k :mpur:ant flati6iYS, appear tocaH fdr 

of lining' aH.rrcalling your* attention tti iegiAative revifion. The (»nfc«t<ieticaf o€ 

Tba AIL^nhly to which 1 addreft. a doftt^ive pmviAon are of a feriou* infipftft 
B^fCilf b loo eniigliunad not to be folly -to the govemmem. If priimte wealUi is lb 
Ik»w much a- flosiriibing' ftate of fopply the: defed of puMic reiribbiiofi, It 

and kSepcascontillNiCis tii national will . y^eatly contradi the fphere wiMi 
pan^farity and-feputation. True it is, that -which the Mjpition of cliatfaAau for oflUto 

,r,:MO€b<o ill honour, contains is to be made, and will proportionally d|L 
many fcinBaris of learning highly re- n\inifl» theftmbabiliiy of a choice oi mei» 

a^A vkial « but the funds upon able, as «wll as upright r befiifes that it 

which thay wft ani too nacrow to com- wnold be repugnant to the vital pr'.ncfj^ 

■and tfanaUaft pfDMToci io the difbrent -of c:ur government 'virtually to^^xdad|»» 

of lifKral kiwwbdge .for the from pnMic trulls^ talents and virtue, dn- 

ca l sm plaaBd, though thsy lefs accompanied by 'wcafth.-*-Whib in 

axcalbist aratitiarips. Amongft -our external relaCioiis1(>rtie ferious incoa» 

Hmjnorinai to fach an in^itottDA, the af- vaniences and .embarr:i4raMmis have bann 

ftnilacinarof tite principle^ opinioas, ahd overcome, an^l olht-rs leflened, it is wmi 

ctf our conotry matt bytheconi* much pjiii, aod indeed regrcr, I mentlo^ 

adnrarinn of a portion ^f our yoqth ttwD circomdancft of a very tmweloomo 

ervaap qaartar,wall defesves'^atteii* 'Aatarp haye lately occurrttiT. - Our tif 4o 

The jmtm iumageneoas om* ctt^ -hasdMbcbijajid is-fnffering, exienfive W 

xan ha jnadai in Shefe p^r^culaj^, -juries iti tho ^9ft Indies, frnm -the criiif era 

ibn prtfcr nrilliM oar piofpeA of pernta- and :agrncs^f the freneh rephMicfc i aild 

nent anion i and a primary obja£tof fuch chamiunications • have been received frqm 

a national' inftitotton fhoi4d healie eJuca- itc roinift«r here; wh>ch rmlicate (he ^aq- 

Kion. ofxanr youfli in the.feteucoqf govern* • gerof a fartlimlil) nrh nre of owrco mmet t n 

maiit ■ In a republicliL^ «Pli;tt fpectes of by its a6i»\orKy> ^nil which are, in citt^ 

kaonvfedge can be e<|u.«Uy important; ai|d 'TcfpeAs, far from agrceahlc. It has btnn 

whaidnty mora poelfinf on itt legUlaCMre, my coitAaot, hncere, andearnefl wifli, m 

-Chan lo^patranise a- plan for. oommunica- ' corfnrmity with that of par natipn, ko 

ciii§ it to thidia who ace to be tlie future ntiimain cordinl harmony, and a perfeifiyf 

goardiani ttS tiie libartiea of .the xoiintry P . friendly underft tndingy wiih tliar Repnim 

Ibe inftiseniM^ uf a military atademy is This with re mams- unaltacei} i -And Itaii 

uKo ■ racommoiidcd 1^ oogeut ivaCons. peiffevere* in ilie eniieavoor to fuiftfit, to 

However iMtiic the g<iioml policy of a the ucmoft exie«it of whatfltatl he daA* 

natiois aaaf ha,, k ougtil never to he with- 6Aeiit wfth a juft and indiipenf;ilile TMarA 

«rtit aan||e^nna •ftbek ^if'^nttlitary know to the rights and honour of om* cox^Srf | 
bdgc^te.aniargaj^cba. 'Ite*fini would, nvir will 1 eafily oeafe to cherilh the ai* 

ifwr 4hn.noafgy of Mb cha aa a c r y and pcAatior*, tb« n^iriinf juftim ^wAont^ 
CiKB Manj;g}attMHj».'iJy9yt * «bIL 

^ Gin. Wafbington*sfiir#mi/ jtJdrefs io ibg Unitid Stttei. [Jao« 

apd ln«iidibip» on tb« part of the Repul». formly impreflbd with the chtnAor oC 

liokt will cveuioally enfore fuccefr. In equity, modenttoo, and lore of peaoa^ in 

piMrfuing this CQurfe, howtver, I cmnot tbe nurintimance of all tMr faintign re« 

i {fgec ^hat is due to the chara^er of our lationfliips, oar tmde (hocdd bi harraffed by 

govemment and mtioo i or (o a full and tbe eniiieriapd agenttof the RepoUick. of 

entire confideiice in tbe good (enfe, pa« Vraoce thMBgHout the eidenfiire depart- 

triotifm, lelf refpeAy and fbrtitndcy of my. meats of ihe Weft Indies. Whilft vm are 

countrymen. ennftdent that no caule of cemplainc exiAi 

' Oemkmin of the Houfe of that could anthorixe an kiterruptloo of oar 

Reprefentativeffy tranqoiltity, or difimgage that RepoMick 

I have directed an eftinate of the ap* from tbe bounds of amityy cemented by 

propriatioos neceflary for the ferrice of thefaithoftreatiest we cannot but expreli 

the enfoing year to be fubmiited from tbe oar deepeft regret that ofidal commooi* 

proper departmenty with a view of the cations have been made to yoU| indicating a 

pnbUc ceeeipts and experditorepy to the moft ferioos diflarHanee of/our c ummc r c e . 

lateft period to which an account can be Akbougb we cherifh the ea pe fla t to a, that 

preparad. It is with fetisfeAimi I am a fenfe ef jnfticei and a coofidemion of 

alis to inform yuu, tliat tlie revenues of our mutual inteivftsy will moderaie their 

tbe United States contiuoe in a it<te of coonciky we are not nnmindfol of the li- 

prograffive iroprovemenr. A reinforce- tualion in which events may place us, nor 

ment of tlie exifting provifions for dif- unprepaied to adopt that fyftanofcondnA 

fibarging the public debt was mentioned which, compatible with the dignity of a 

in my AddieCi at the opening of tbe lad refpe^abto nation, neccflity may compel os 

fisffion. Some preliminary ileps were to pniioe. We cordially acquiefce in Hie 

taken towards it, tbe maturing of which refle^lion, that the United States, under 

will, jm doubt, engage your zealous aiten- the operation of the fsderal governmenr, 

tion during the prefent. 1 will on'y add, have experiettood a moft rapid aggrandife- 

that it will afibrd me a heartfelt iatisfac. meut and prafperity , as well political as 

tion to concur in fuchiartber meafures as commercial. Whilft contemplatiiig the 

iviU afeertain to our coumry the profpeA cauiiss which produce this anfpicioui rafulr, 

of a fpoedy extingniftiment of the debt.— we mnft acknowledge the excellenoe of the 

.Poftttity may have to regr^, if, from any cooflitational fyftem, and the wtfdoro df 

motive, intmals of franqiiillhy are left the legiilative provifions; but we ftmold 

unimproved for acQelerating this valuable be deficient in gratitude and jnftiee, did 

end. we not attribute a great portion of thefe 

Gentlement of the Senate and of the advantages to tbe virtue, firmneft, and ta- 

Uoufe of Reprefentative', lents, of year adminiftration; which have 

My folicLtudc to fee the militia of the been oonfpicuoafly diffdayed in the moft 

. United States placed on an eflicicnt eftab* trying times, and on the Inoft critical oe- 

.'liftimeot has been fo often and fa ar- cafums. It is, therefore, with the fiiioereft 

dently exprefled, that I flull but barely regret, that we now receive an ofllcial no« 

. recall the fubjeA to yoiir view on the pre- tificatioo of your intentions to retira ftvna 

lent ^occafion ( at the fame time that I the public employments of your coaaftrj* 

.thall fubmit to your enquiry, whether mir When we review the varioos icmes of 

, harbours are yet fofticiently fiscured. The your public life, fo long and fo foccefsfuU^ 

' fitoation in which I now ftand for the laft * devoted to the nioft arduous fcfvices civil 

. time, in the midft of the Reprereotatives and miliury, as well during the ftmgglei 

.of the people of the Unhe4 Sta^esp na- of the American revolution, as the con- 

. turally recalls the period when the ad- vulfive periods of a recent date, we cannot 

, ihiqiftration of the prefent form of go- look forward to your retirement without 

.^remment commenced ; and I cannot omit our warroeft afledtiom and moft anxioos 

. the occafion to congratulate you and my re{;ard accompanying you ; and without 

. country on the fucceCs of the experiment ; mingling with our fellow-^itixeos at large, 

. 1^ to repeat my fervent fxippiications to the fincoreft wifhes for ytur perfonal bap- 

the Supreme Buler of the Uoiverfc, and pincfs that fenfibility and atrachment caa 
.Sovereign Arbiter of Nations, that his expreft. The moft effectual ooofolation 

providential care may ftill be extended to that can ofter for the loft we are about to 

•be Uitiied Stalest that the virtue and fuftaio arifes fitmi the animating reflexion, 

happinefs of the people may be preferved ; that tbe influence of your example will 
and that the government which they have extend to your fucceflors, and the United 

inftituied, fqr the protedion of tJidr States thus continue to enjoy an able, up- 

. libeities, may be perpetuaU right, and energetick adminiftration." 

G. Waihincton." To which tbe Prefident replied : 

fhe Vice-Prefident, Mr. Adams, made a ** Gentleneo> It affords me great fetir. 

fuitahle anf M(cr ;■ which he thus conclndes : fa^ion to find inyour addrefs a coocutrAnee 

•< We fuicerely lament, thiit, whiMI tlje in fentimant with me on Ibe various topics 

\ condua of the Vnited "Sutet has beea uai- which I prefeatcd foryoor ioforauttiuf and 

J fie- 

1 797*] ^'''*> ^>fii>0Stoa'« iUJrt/s.'^Coiimij N/wt, 


^eKbevtftoi Md ffft ihft Utter will re- 
ceive taajpiaii'imKkA'pfOfortioned 
to.dieir Bili94»ii| inponaiif. Fdr Mm 
nq^icB-^oii oJM^f^nqr nuhlio ftnricei dvU 
aad iiiaiiUfy,p»fl fmur.kiod viSOio for my 

c«dial<h9n]q^^fiiofi»Mrvi«HMHl grtai'«<T 
er« haiil |n0MMabiliqriQ«iad«'.cbfi% 
• wen iliM 19 the poaniiiiptts calls of tuf 
caata.wf4 and if • a ypf h y i jafr it mjr abtiiH 
dapt .nwanJ. ^Im.concaiiiplaitnK Um 
peiiod'of «y n cii wa i t m^ I tor Wrtuom 
aq^jWirifnyagml aaiH aiaflog whom I re* 
M <■! tfkc difeaRiiMoc ami patmttfm of 
my €eJliMe-caifem.,to onkiB the .pfO(>et 
choicoof xfucceflEart ibml who would ra*- 
qoira no inflacMialinampla to enlur^to ctie 
Unitod Siatei ** an able, upright, and •<!• 
oi^Betic adminiftratio'i/' To fuch mon I 
Hull cheerfully yidd the palm 4if geoiot 
and (iervd our oomnion country s 
bqtf at thoCaxne tiina, I hope I mar he in* 
dulged in eatpi efiing^the confoluig re&e^ion 
(which confcioofiiets foggefts), and to bear 
it wish me to my grave, that noso can 
feire it with purer inteniions than I ha?e 
doQCy or with a more difinteretlcd aeal. 
QieaxiB Waskiiiotom/' 

J}te, ta. As lome wu r k iwe a were thtt 


Conftantioe. Many of thefe are in exoeNeiit'^ 
preienraKioo) parttcidarly a cemmoo'oac 
of Mignentiuiy with hit head on ooo'lkMl 
and the legend (perfeaiy rcstMe; ou the 
reveKe the monagram of Chrift, and tlw 
inicripCioo SALTS^To.aTCAts« 
in Che area iii. and below AMM^^'Anattt^ 
of H. Claodios Coniiantiiiey jon. one off 
Che foos of Cooftantine the Greati is alfo 
worth noticinii: round the £mptfor^^ 
hearf, coNSTAMTievi i?if« Moa. e* ' 
Rev«Ke, a cippus, an altar, on the top el 
which is a globe formoiiDted by thee* 
ftacs { on the altar is iofcrihed voTtt xXf 
around it atAT. reAN^VftLiTAi i of 
which ftme of the ktftrs are' wmning hi 
th s coitf, througti the fiiult of tiie oohiar* 
The letters helow the altar p.Lmr. iisem t» ^ 
indicate that this Cidn wat ftnick in Loo* 
don; andthQaththebboderintheiiifeii(»- 
tioQ is not ill fAVoor of the Britifli mint A 
that period, tlie workmaniiip it dIberwHii 
very good. (Theie two' cesna Aali be en* 
graved iii a foture miMtaococn plate.)-** 
Other RimuNi ooim have been ioeod ac 
Market Ovemn, whemeri evident markt 
of a Rpman^ (huion; anid at Bridge Cirfi* 
tertOQ (Gfmfemm as Camden ccmjeAures,) 
funaled on tha RomMi road.aboat twn^ 
miles finom Stimfbid. 
Aco^fideraMe change has tilB«i plaee m 

day removioi a wall io Mr. BuKivam'^ the pofition of the ftooes which lerm mi 

farm-yard at IfymetuA^ in Leicefter. 
Ibire^ tliey difcovered, - ||boQt ioiir feet 
noder ibe furface of the gronod, a cnrioue 
ifijffeliaed pavement of mofaic work, com- 
ppied (al ofoal) of fovdl ftones about a 
quarter of an inch i<|uam, and ftKoe of a 
fmaller fam\ the ooloors, white, red, 
biM^ gnen, and black ; the ftones io 

extnor«)inary reliek of the anciem fuper-% 
ftitions of our countrymen. This-^ie 
attributed to the im^'hI thaw which foc- 
cceded a ver)r hard froft. Some people 
employe! at the plpecb, near Stmmte n g e ^ 
January 3, rsmai^ed Char three of the 
large Aoiies had iCaUeo,. and were SjiprifcA 
of the lime of their fall by a veiy iisnfibi* 

taienUn piiatevatioQ, the cement B)och concuffion, or jsning, of the graoni* 

Thgfis ftonm prove to ho the weAem of 
cboCft pain, with cbeir. impofti, whidi 
have had the appallaiioo of TfilMm% 
and had longdevified from iis trae per«> 
pendicolar. These were, originany» 60^ 
of tbefe trilirhpns, two of which are evall 
now ftill xemaining ia their ancient Amew 
Ixis remarkable, thm no aceonm hm eteb 
hsan recflided of thelBdlioffef theocbi|% 

decayed. On moving the earth which co- 

vfred the work, fevenl human boom were 

f^ond. The dimenftona of this pavemeot 

Ittve not been aiQertained,bat are believed 

IQ be eitenfive* The Earl of Harhorough, 
wboownsthelordlhipoCWymandharo, hm 
jadiciott4y dtredtod that it Oiould remain 
uodifturbed till tlw Spring ; when the ex- 
toBt, Ike will be properly inveftigated.*- 

Not long before, (bgag Roman coim were and^ perhaps, nn alterathm has been 
feond in thb ne^ghbourhded, in a field be- in the appearance of Sloneheage for Hove 
t«r«eo the villagm ol Edmmdihrfe and centuries prior to the plefint tremendon 
Tcy^, near the place wiiere the countict downfalk The impel!, which :b ftm 
tl Leicefter and Rutland divide. They fni;illea pf the thiee iloo«s, isieppefed M 
were depnfifffd in a (quare hole ibrmod in vrHgh ao.ions. They all now he proftraCo 
i)ie nick abourthree feet below the fur* on the ground^ and have received 00 in« 
fimof ■beAeU] and were difooverad^ jury from their aerial MIrlllan: Tkef 
(voe wofkmen who were digging in the f^ flat weftward, antf^4ei^led with lh# 
liie <tf.acl|ail that is forming between gioand j itone atfo nf'tbe {eeendtinUi 

Melton «id 'Oakham.. The coins them' 
tdves are ^timmoo, and of little value, 
are carious ch^y froA its being 
mty kimwi^ Ww^e tliey wire found, 
j rb iw uy pftfaperal pf Valeos, Valen* 
iQiajM».Tn|ian,H«l«Bf Anmninus, 

i^Agiyc^JM^gnefifmiA «K^ Uie 7oim«o« 

that Oood in the line«llbetr precipitatiens 
From the kmnsr enda*^ the fuppertem. 
being now.ekpuiiBd in view, 'tfieir prior 
deptii hi the groond is ibtisfklorfiy aiber^ 
taitied : it appears to haive been ahooirihi 
feftL The eo')5, however, bpein^ lmi4 
cot oblique^ .neither of th eM Ll im » %nVv% 


j^ck*, lihore than a fobt and a half d«Bp. ' ' The ttearly-pKitciiaf^ captore of IC^M 
Two only of thefm triltthonsi o{ which by the Auftrian iirmf, another rei^rlbaMe ' 
thAstfyttifheoAftOeil^-arfenoiiV^ therefu^, cxtnrrencfry will he partienlarifW irt its 
ii ihf-ir (i;rifiiiiil pifteion. Th^ deflrac- dnie oitlcry when w^ ar^ aftltf tb Hriitg op 
ctoa of Mv.y putt of this grand oVal we ' cur ariv^r <if the Gatettes. 
nuift'pariicuUrlv lament, as it «f^ coAi- Still more fo is the attempt of oiir in- 
polied .of the moft Auyienilouf m^fttriaH of veterate enjhnies af aMft frrlnr.d ; in which 
tlft whole. ftrn^nrt.-^A firoiiiir efuihgd of we rtiaf tnily f.iy with rtie Pfa!ml^, "The 
wtiiAhei: necafibned the difclofQ^e of a fub* Lewd himfelf was on our llile When ntfcii 
teranejont pelljigft it Old Sanim in 1795 * ' '^^ dp'againft us. 'Wit gi*t ffrjt this hy 
fee voL LX-V-f; 95. I93« oifr ov^ fWhi'ds ; ndither was it our own 

At Mm^ivtfit in Yorkj^ire, Md fctAift ami that Cav^ lis. The V^ hath ov^r- 
olher -platetj the -provifidhal cavali7 has tltrown our ^leAies, and (billed hi piec^' 
heen cein|detld ^ithnin hrdlnt ; lno{e f)k^• thhfe that rof^ tip aglrnift us." l.«X whkn 
torn havini; volunteered thdr fervic< s th^n whrning, rtfiwevrr, hythe danf.ef to wfiich 
tlie Dfpviy l^kiitehaiiti under the BiU> u-e hav« heen rxpofe I •^-Th'r demonftra- 
wis tothoritdl to enrol. ti«tns of kvyalcy >n Otir iiffer kingdom ttiud 

; •. ■iiiiiii • he highly fatisfadttjry tb the generous 

HISTQRfCifVL CHRONICLE, roiudtf of Britons. Strong pri)Ofs of this '^ 

TtilBinadyif)tiireftingf>ectifrences which will r^gufnrly appfor frotti the G zrtceir. 
hive crowflcd flh eafch 'other tt tiie miifet A particularly liferul imi>rtfnoiT was made 
of this dtiittful ^ear^ ihMJg^h'df theinoft on the nii|?ds of the t\ifhu1iis (we nfe the 
ierious h^fure'/'are not foch ai to deprive ' words of the Lord Lientenani) hy a judi- ' 
us <^ a raSonal K&pbi'tlMK all tHing^ are, ci^is iuldrefs fiom i>r; Francis Moflan, 
warding rmmd, tmWn* ihe wife direAion . the titdlar Bifhop of :.CorJcy which is 
of theOmfDrfpolier 0f jrilftveii^9, 'tp'a .w«n w<irth copying:* ** At a moment 
genehd^p«^6fjftitin. 'Thei^turH'ofLJid uf fuch general d.irin and conftenffttion, 
MalmeiMfy'hte Ikeen b/ief)y mefiiioheil in ' it' is ii dnty I o^Ae to you, my he* 
oar bit vi^mci p.'i05i i dmi it wasnbr loved fiuck, to rec41t to yotir minds the 
intention to have detailedT'the ndf^atlto. iacrcd principled rf loyalty, atlegiancCy 
But n/ htnf-.yi'^M Atih^lms ft^ (1^6' and g(W>d drdcr, that' liKtft direct your 
moment t hot wliy pr6ferv£ il^e nifciffnfy cAndnA Hh fuch sin aWM riteafioffi'. 
of an irtimiitai ^-^Lei'the iwo ftnd ndta, Chdr|M aft I am, fiy tfiA MellKl Saviour, * 
tberelfoHS, fuffiee- . ' '* tvlwfc hirtli, with gratiefftll hearts, we on 

rdn'Sfttjth Trnmiri\' (i^th D^cftkherf' thi5 dav folemnl^e* with tlie care cif yonr ' 
'^ih tiar if tBt f)reM:bTUpMe, One * Tdiih ; ii>(ere{led hefunid ^prftttkirt in your ' 
.'•mmihilHr<fibh. " ..' ' temporal . ind citmal ^eJfiir^j it is Irtcuiii- 

i. ^ Ab Lord M'AtrxIbnrf aiuiound^^, l>^nt on me to cxAcA^ ybn to that peaces 
at erernCciimmuhication, that he i!s in want *" . able dciheanAor whtc*h ftidftever mark ' 
•f thfe Of inion of His Courts from wli^dh it his true and faitliM ^ifciples. Lbyahy 
refuhs that lie ^As a pari ifierely pffivfe te» the SAV^r»'ghy and refjpiAff fot* the cdh* ' 
in tlie nfegrciatlon,'' which riShOers his'prd- IMtdted atPhofitiis, havb Ven dways fM ' 
fthctf at Pail^ nfelefs I nhtf i^ideritgheQ i!i prominrnt fcafnre^ of the GfhtiftiSii efta- * 
lardier cliaVged ?o give* hitn^ notice fo de-' raAer; Hm\ hfjt?ti\m\(tTi and dhediftnok; 
pert freni Pa. r in fight' liid forty hours, to the 6(bih1iiljfiW tdrm of ^verhmm^/ 
vtith ail the perrtmsivho hive itecoinpa- have odr dnccAifs. heto dii^pginlRed at*. 
jiied an4 foUu\Vi^ him, and id ^triK ao dx- times, an^ rniilSr cJrrtHfrf^afk^ v6ry dif- 
pedifkmfly as poBiMe, the terrtrdry of the ferent h-nm l\mtt in ttrhich wft hav^ tht' 
flepoblick. Tfft nndtrtigfiod declares ifiore- h^tfppFnefsto li^e. Fdr^ bMlbd He <Sbd^' 
«v«r, in the Haine of the Estr entire "DirtC' we* aiV rtolong«r ftran|eri in 6iir nativd * 
tMrpytbai, tf thr B« \ti(H definjns' hnd, no Idngbr rxclndifd from'tf^'h^elks 
dFfCaor, Che Lsieeiftivd D/rfcaory.i* feady of the \\^pf ConftittKt^n uniW whifch we' 
tn Ibtow t1>e neg ocia^l6n1>, ^crdthg (o live, no h r ngH* f6p;frated hy 'oditnir dif< ' ' 
IM bafis laid down in the prefent note, by' rinilRynS from our fell6w-f\i^j££f!!' T6 
the Wtei - wo c ai cbanifel tif cnmi^r). our gractnns 5t)vereignr wt are bouiM b^- 

"Ch" I>*LAcifoix."^ tf>e coricorring: prinapldi of griRitude and 
Prtr/«, idtb Dit. f 79«. duty, linfl tV> a*l bui* ftlFow-citirerts by m'n-" ' 
^ " Loi^ flatmeibdrv hallcns lA -^c- teal ihfcf^ w\d Chfiflfianxhatiiy. iTndiAr' 
kntvittrige the receipt Ii the nriito of th<: thefe 'cirhimlbhices, it is obvious whit livib 
MiwAtr for Fore^nAlfAirs, dated y^f- of condii^l yoa aie tri aJopf, if tir€ ln»- 
teniiy. He is prsj^in^ M quit Park to-; vadei^, W^o are laid to be rin ^ coaftr,- 
m 10W9 and domii\d9, 'M'*ebnfe<|iibncei fhouM Aake go^ their laftdiitg. and at- 
the neceiiif»7'pairpnns for hHtifdf diid his teiW{St td- p^fetratd imd 'oirr comnrv. Td 
feme. He requefft'tlie Mtniftef =l6r fo^ allure fdu tu a cos-eptV^mn'^tfi fheit^ 
■OgttrA&iiTS to accept the alfdraibCtt if ^ieivs; they w41] not ffil to hiiltfr^jiHttkft 
InMigh enufuie it* n.'* profcfllons, ihat their objedl"!^ l6 efHMt? 

: And tkv'ite buflneU eiuledft" eipote yoa frota the prettndcd"tyfaHny 



Mrter WfileH ftkt fnin, iM td riti*nt His M i|e(lt rtf^t-nM this anfikrer t ^ 
ydl« ihofo rithiiy J ^fiich Uief ^ill faf ** I receive with gt<at (kt'i^^Ctton this 

ydu «r8 deprivaa. ToQ^ my gciod peofiM, lojr'at ittdfeft frofn My dty of Londdn. ' 

wfiorfi 1 pnticttlarty liidreft, who are I ftnecMf Iaf&^£ the Tiilurt of 1117 en)> 

fifhngen tv pnffifiK occtifrehc5n» had jba deaTourt to pTefenre peice wkh Spain 1 

lulOwii ill what frianoA they folfllW fiMiio biA« frolti the juftice of Mf cnufe, the et- 

Uf ^njdiifti^ the Cnfonoiiafee countries perienced valour of Mf fleetf anJ ditMiery 

ifliio whfchf bti' Che faith df tli^nr, th^ and the fprHted and ^nerooi exertions ^ ' 

gaiOftd adimiiraAtet you woiM \taca cau- ttit nalicm at large, 1 troft, otlder the pro^ 

tion frem theif crMttlity, kitd diAnift mftn teftinn ef the Divioe Providence, that ttiris ' . ' 

wlw have tramnldl en afi faiWf, hnthaif ag^rcffHon Will be effeaoaltjr ^.•pelled, and 

9mi divitie t Gerimny, l^lallde^», ftaly; thfkt thl bleffins« of pftace will he reftrtrbd 
JHoUand, to fay nothing of cheh* owH; onctf ' npOnjehm ooniiitent with the honour 6f 
IM ha'ppieft, noW th<v riwrfi mKeraMe, ' Mf Chown, and with the fe^ority and la- 

cenrttry in the woHd, oin vteft the irre- Cer^s 0/ My people.'^ 
patiWe mir,- d»*foi4ti(i.i, and def^ruAi6n» TM cicitens were moft graeiiMifly re- ' 

oecafioiied hy eh# French fnK^mity. Be ceivri ; tcilfel fuinds ; and Kfr. Aidertnaii ' 

not deceived by the lure o^ eqoaliiing pro- Hem^ (row ^r Williant) was knighted, 
petty, which they will hoid ^l to yon, ii H^nUtfiLiyt y^. t ^. 

they did to t he :ih(>ve -mentioned people : fht The poor n.ivjil kntghtt of* vViridfor are 

the pnnr, hiftead of geuiiig any part of tffe at length in the receipt Of the heqneft \th 

flioii of tiie rich/ wei c robbbd of their QfWa tltem hy the Urill of the liUte ISimtkcl Tra« 

liitie pittance/' vi^rs, Efq. The Lord C^hancelldir and 

■ ■1 • Earl Spencfcr have very hun^anely ioter- 

■DbMcsTic Occeaaaffcia; f^r^d in having the charitible bequeft 

fVtdntfday^ ymn. it, thus far carried into effrdl. Ah allow- 

Thti day the Lord Mayer, attended hy ance for tmoflf-Fent td thefe Aa^al o^cen 

ten Aif^ermen^ the two Sherilff, and the (till the honffe for tlieir reception are 

Citv Officers, with abOnr 30 of the Com- huilt)9 is now the c^t&. of Lord Spehcer*t 

mon C'Mincili proceediH! from Oa'>lJh.ill attencihni fnr which ptirpofe his Mnjefty 

t» St. Jamefl%, Ind pt^entcd their adtlreft. nfoil gnidoufly received, at the levee on 

** To the- King's Moft fixcell'tnt Majsfly. this day, a petitioii from Lieut. AmhroTe 

Tht htunble Addreisof the Lord Mayor, Waiham, on behalf oS himfeir ^od hif 

AliermentandConMnansyoriheCityof bnfther bflUef <. (See p.'}9.) 

Loriddn, in Cdmmon Conhcil>aiIenibled. ' Safitrdaff ydn, 28. 

** Mofl Gracimit Soverrfg n , Sonte prefbnts from the king of the ' - 

* We ' yoor Majetly's moft dutifal and ifland c^ Owhjbee \ti thd Smith Sea, 

Isyal fobjeAs, the Lord Miyor, Alder- whercfCapt. Cook met his death, brought 

ifteor ami'Cotxmions^ of the City of Lon- over by Cipt. Vancouver, have Mii pre- 

deni in Cemmon Coifncil aflKrtiMMj bisg fented tn the King at Bilckingham'-houfe 
leave tb approadi Ihe throtie,'moft himibly ' by the Ddktf of Portland ; the pn'oci- 

t» ttiarfk yoiiir Mi^ay foft yobr grafciow pal of tMlith cotififts of e«»o ftate gar- 

"" iwiteatktti h> tinth Hoofed of t*arlia- nilents, aifd an helhiet, or croWni of the 

nienctif the meafbrcs' adttpted by'Ymir forrtier, one is wholTy made of otter fltin 

Miiefty 00 thd teeCdt Tnaniftfto of the in a V<lry Ingeoioiifl manner. The other it ' 

^sdit -of Madrid, abrutitly'detlaratiDry of of ihe elctth 6f ihe country cbvered with * 

jfi dhptovoked war With Great Britain, feathers of birds, fo cdhflhiT^ed as by a 

Tour Mjl$efty*s faithM dlizeni of London fingle moVft of the hand alttirnately to dif- 

WneMiiUtfitKd^ that -your Majeftys en- play Ted o^ y6)fc>w. The helmet Js of 

^MMMlrs to prefiKr^e pmctl with Spain, iiffCsrftiA, covered wUh f^ttiet^ in a veiy 

and (o adjaft dll matters in drfcuffitki with maft^ly nianiiet. 
rtuk Ceiart by an' amicable iMsgOtiatioii, Tyeftltn^ Jdn, i\, 

hxwt ieta rtfFiWfrtfd fn^ff'tfflaar, and the Thd bitt bruugTu info Par li^tment fur 

eaUmitidS of war tflh^ ifnavoid:<kIy ex- the rbtief Of the poor will. When it has 

len(Mt> Keveftkelefrf relying cAi tlie jtSf-* had tJi^ aid of country gentlemen to digeft 

riDBofToarMajetly'$Caofi,-thtf reft) lilies thd obt^in'?^, be of the greateft utility to' 

ef tfte coiii'ry, fbe* Atifdom of'Y'TO* Mi- the country. It Will lelTen the poor- 

jftilv^s ceoBcHs) aafl 'trrtiety of Tour Ma- rates, decreaf^-the number of begg^ira 

jWly's ileMs -hid intiier, we dooht not, whidi infelt both town a:iJ country ; iui- 

flmti -under the ffrotefhon of Divine Prd- ttate v^ eaHy in life the children of the 

Videttcr,y«taf Mftjeriy-Will be abK to re|tel poor to Yiabirs of induftfy, giv£ employr- 

0119 QnprovelSed"ag|frAftdn,' to fubdue all ment to labourers when they are out of 

yotti' enimies, and -ftnUly •o'oblMiif Mie* work, ahd roiintain the a^^i and infirm ' 

Me(fing^of peace,''Olketore the dignity of 5y the' jirdfits ^hieh will anfe from the 

Your MjQcfty's OKwA/ and to aKlvance fiddfeft bF iaJuftry; Keyond the ftipalatedf 

liMfittqiili^^iCtWrUBCf^^ * ehiigeofUbOdr^nd^ materials. 

7$ JdtHihm t9f and Correfficms in^ firmtr Obhuariit. [Jao* 

Vol. LXVr. p. loCr. Bp. Buller (wlio i 4»ylbeforeintbeie^piceorhUcaantlT.^— 
d':c^ at Dengues, near Crediioiiy at the age Bp. BuUer was much beloved, aiul wiU bt 
of 6 1) was a Prelate vihoit oKiral qualities long Jameoted ; for few men dift>laye(t graaci* 
aiid tiilenUy ilill cnoie than his high rank er fenTibilityg a readier inclination to pro« 
and (lation, entitle bim to an lionourable nioCe» or a livelier pleafitre in effe^uallf 
tiiflin^on in the Rcgifteri^ Mortality, procuring^ the good of others. His whole 
Born in the. ye;*r 173$! at MoriraU in the , demeanour and converAti«n exhibited th« 
ciHinty of Coniwull, ttie fon of John* Fran* influence of kindoefs a!id condeficcniion id 
CIS KuUei', tfq. and Uf hccca» his wife, the nx>(t powerful form. His active and 
ctaufthrer of Sit Jiuiatiiaii Tiulawnyj baiL friendly temper bad &t aU times exerted it* 
]ipi hifhopof WiitchelUr, he wa^educated felf in the caufe of tlit infisriur Clergy^ 
fird at Weftmiiifler-iciiaoly aud afterwards and occafumed the bte a A of Par lie* 
at Oi i«l coUegc, in OxUmS, In the year-..roent in favour of Cuiates. Hit cln» • 
176a, he mairied Am'iet fecond daugfUor ra^erwas diftiiiguifhed by a mod ezem^ 
of Dr. Jo> n Thomas, lord biOiop of Win- plary perfoimance of Uie «hi(ies wliid) he« 
cl'cftrr ; and n-asintlut year appointed longed to ibe i^ations lie filled^ and which 
ck'rk of the cWict to his prefent Majetty. hisji^ ength of judgeipentf his refolutioiiy liia 
111' 170^, lu:wjs cirllated to a prebend of good-nature, his lihenilfentii|ientSyh;sun« 
^ViiichuiUr ; and in 177) was' appiunted atfefted piety, enabled bioi lb faithfijUy to 
\it a canoury in the collegiate church of diiicharge. 

^Vindfor i which he rengned in 1 7849 on P. 1 1 14. Ueutenant.cnL Hooke was cut 

being promoted to ilm desnry of Exeter ; off in the arms of Vi^ory. 1 his gaUaiH 

whence, in 1790, he was removed to foldler, who Itad fervcd wiib reputation 

thai of Cuutcrhury. In all thefe fiations from a boy, was nearly related to the late 

4s u-i 11 .-l^ in ihe cupAciCy of a parochial excellent Lord Delaware ; aiul broCher-in« 

min:iler, he Icfi chv nioft honourable to- law to the prefcr.t woithy Poet Laureat* 

kcn*^ of Ikimfclf, in every place, as a moit (ftre p. roi6). He left Eiigland with his 

ii^cfnl member of fociery, declining no do* . regiment in the autumn of 1795 j and hat 

IKK, hut fii-cniKmfly aiiU clicai fully .cxert* fioce becncooftaiHiy engaged in active for^ 

vHg hiinfelf to fulfil all. In the year 1792 » vice; On the 20th rf.Augufl laft he 

00 the dc .th of Dr. jolm Rof:>y of learned was dirp.itched hy Ma;dr- general Bowyar^ 

and worthy memory, he wa» advanced to with a imall but brave detaclunenty to the 

tiie f'. e of Exeter, u itli great f^tisfa^in to relief of Fort Jkns, at. tliat time heftcged 

a Churcli and Diocefe who were anxious- by an .irmy of near 4000 Brlg»uds. After 

fur hik return, and wh^fe experience of efft'dtwiUy p^srforming this ufeful fervwe^ 

hi< cnniuent virtue and ability afforded them and after a ceaftlefs f^tigne of zi days aiul 

tiic lirnieft .itliirnnce i f finding in him a nights, with fc»rcely a'6ngle hoor^ rep^e^ 

]Moub, vigiLint, and affectionate paftor. he fella vidlim, nottothe banefiit diforcjer 

Oil his acccITon to that dignity, an elegant of th«» climate^ hut to the extremity of f^kp 

and Admired writer addre&d him in terms tigue ; yet not till he had liad the £«dfffk« 

that mark the cfteem in w|iich he was tiun, by his uncommon exertious, of oon* 

heldy and the pleafure which his appoint- tributing largely to the placing of bis Ma« 

ment muft in con(iB(|uence have given : jefty's pulTellions in Su Dommgo in a fta^ 

** May you deferve, as tlie Bifliop, that of tolerable fecurity. He left a widow^ 

applaufe ^K\^\s^^ you received fo juAly as the with a fon .ind two danghiers. 

£foan of Exeter I" Their expectations were , P. 1 1 17. Was not Ti&MW, tlie prsdeccflor 

iiilly realized; f(»r, in all the parts of thait C|f the lait Loid Trinnelftt»wn, marriod Cq 

important office, he was tri^y exempLiry ; Kfifs Hervey ? This Udy, now livingi is 

apd the only fubjc^l of regret is, that they of the Briftol family, and is one of the five 

were fo foon deprived of liis paternal ca'-e) nieces of James. H- the redlor of \Vefton% 

add this at a period when much public be- fa veil, Nortlumptonfliire, and author oC 

nefit wav ftill to be expcdtcd from his con- tlie " Meditations.*' Another (ifter 

tinued exertions, with equal zeal and pru- itiarried to Charles Papps Price, efq. a lieuu • 

dence, to improve the fervice of parilhcs in the navy ; a 2d to Mr. Kepean, alift a 

and the condition of the inferior clergy, lieutenant in the navy, nephew of £vfn N., 

SMhmifllion to the Divine Will was a virtue efq- tlie Secretary to the Ailmiraliy { a 3d' 

f.imilir.r to him by principle and by habit i tp Capt. D;\mer, of the Army | a 4tb ti 

but, Chriltian rehgnnrion is one thing, and unmarried, and lives with a brodier of 

Stncal apathy is jnotlicr: and theie is rea- theirsi Dr. James Kcrvey, a phyfician ia 

fon to apprehend ttie dilfolution of this London. Tiiere u ^Ko, we think, aitotlicf 

exctUcHt Piel.ite, who was not move re- brother in the Churchy wlu> eiijoys bi% 

ipecUhle in public than amiable in prl ate uncled Northnmptoiifhire living. TlieiA 

life, m^y have been haftened by diftrefs of father was a wine-imercha^t In Loiidon* 
mind fur the lof> of three, funs within a i;i^ 

fiiort period; tlie eldeft of whom« thp gal* . B;ri y«. 

hill LlstiTenani-coluneLBUileri died Jao; iq, 7<i'>*'''T^ HE wife .of WiU^iB Jsnfia Ci(|^ 

1795, '•* c.iufeq'H-nce lif a wound received . ^ • JL tif Eulicid chace, a tM^titer* 

1^97^1 BirAt mid ifarriagts of rtmarkahl* Ptrfons. 


9. At Slretthani) VifbodnceTs Dcerhnrfty 

J. In SqroMMir-ftreefi the wife of Mrr. 
Htip^t A wilt 

8. The wife nf Mr. Wools» of Winclief- 
tMTf maleCwinSi 

9. In ITew-ftreet, Sprins-ganlens, the 
wif« of }fAm DnuBmAnd, efq. a dau. 

10. Mn. H. Kenwmtliy, a ion. 

The lady of WMey ArmitagCy efq. of 
Lineoln't inn, a dausbter. 

At Rackinjtan, nea^ Coremry, the 
CMMiceib of Aylesfordi EwinSy a fon ami a 

13. At Mrs. Webb's, Milford-hmifis, 
Sunrejr* the wife of Phil. V^ebb, efq. a dau. 

I<. In OroffenMr-fqiiare, the wife ii 
FtalBenfield, eft]. M. P. a fon. 

The wife of John Pering, tfq. of New 
Braed-ftrect, a (on. 

Ac Slebech-hiU, co. Pcmbrok.e. the wife 
of Nathaniel Phillips, efq. a daughter. 

c6. In Manchefter-fqu. the Vifcooncefs 
Galway, a fon. 

17. In Bridge-ftreety Black- fricrsy the 
Wffe of Dr. Lifter, a fon. " 

18. In Lincoln's-tnn-fieltis, the wife of 
John Anftruthef) efq. a daughter. 

24. In Stratford- placey the wife of Wm. 
Millty efq. a daog^hcer. 

In Bedford- (quart, the wife of Cliarles 
Shsw Lcfovre^ efq. M. P. a fon. 


1796. A TNewcaftle-apon-Tyne,J<>hn 
•2^*14- XjL Jofoph Atherton, of Wal&Mi. 
haOy CO. Lancafter, major in the ad (or 
LjDCalhiro) regiment of Irgbt dragtKms, 
to Mifli Mttford, daughter of Bartram M. 
of Mitford caflk, co. Northumbert. eftf. 

Laitfy, At Hartlebury, the Rev. j<ihn 
Harwood, to Miff Sanfon, of Witlench. 

At Swithlandy co. Leic. Mr. Thomas, 
u> Miff Hembley, of tlie city of Batli. 

A. Galdeooct', afq. of Stretton-hali, co. 
Leic. to Mifs Marriott, d.nugh of tlie RevL 
Dr. M. of Ooceibad), in that coon'y. 

Ac Lambeth cluircb, Edward Prentis 
Henflowy eft|. Odre-keeper'of his M.tjcf- 
tyVyard atChathamyCo Mifs Bartlielcmon, 
of Kennii.gton-place, VauxhalL 

At Babworth, co. Nottingham, John 
Danifon, efq. of Ofiogtoo, to Mifs Eft- 
widCy daugjicer of the late Samuel E. efq. 

The Rer.' C. Homfrey, of Laughton, co. 
IMc, to MHs Brown, of Stretton-le-Fields. 

y^m, a. At AlbrighONiy near Wolver* 
hamptony Mr. Henry Lewis Galabin, of 
lnsrani««ourt, Fenchurch-ftreec, ro MKs 
Jane Crump, eldeft daughter of Mr* C. 
fnrgeoii, at Albrighton. 

At Shr Edward Hales'fy and afterwards 
at St. Stephen'^ church, David Walker, 
efq. fen. captain in the 6oth regiment, and 
nephew to the late General Leflie, to Mifs 
KjM, lifter CO Lady B«lfS| of Hatei-plKe, 
8«jur Cadlerbary. 

,3. The Rev. Henrf Parfont, of Coat* 
hurft, to Mifs Poole, of Bridgewater. 

4. At Wakehehl, Francis Maude, efq. of 
Gi:ty*s)nn, to Mifs Nettieton. 

j. At Biirnifton, nearBedale, York(hirr, 
the Rev. Thomas Hartland Fowle, M. Ai. 
of North Otteringtoo, to Mifs Tanfidd, t'l 
dau. of the lare John T. t\\ of Cariliorpe. 

At St. Werburgh's church » Derby, Mr, 
John Garner, grazier, of Ofmafton, to 
Mifs Sarah Meiland, of Derby. 

6. At Mary 'la-bonne clmrdi, the Rev. 
Dr. Pi ice, prebendary of Durham, to Mifs 
Sanderfon, of WimpoU-fti^ct. 

7. At Sr. Aiuirew>, Molboom, Mr. 
TtiOmaK Bari-ctr, to Mils Mary Thornboi^- 
row, of Greville Areet, Hatton>gardeii. 

Mr. Colquhoun, of South-ftrcet, Finf- 
biir>', to Mils Colquhi>uii, of Fitzroy-fqu. 

Mr. Davenport, mailer of il\c free gram* 
n^.ar-rcl'.ool, Wtwkfop, to Mifs Ncrthagc. 

8. Mr. Pickard, keeper of tij© cottntjr- 
gnol at Leicefter, to Mrs. H^^rhfon, wilow 
of the bte Mr. H. archittft. 

9. At St. Geoigc's, Haj'.ovpr-fquarc, W. 
f. C.irapion, only foil of H. C. C. efq. of 
Danny, in Sullex, to Mifs Auflen, cideil 
dau^h'er of Francis Motley A. efq. 

At Mary la bonne church, Wvn. Ber> 
ners, efq. of BondAreet, hanker, in Mifs 
Rachael Allen J.irrelt, daughter of John f« 
efq. of Portland pl^ce. 

10. At Mary-l>lH>nne church, John 
Ritfon, efq. of S<. Clement Danes, to'Mifs 
Maynard, of Queen AnMe-ilrcet KaA. 

At. Su Bar;holomew's, Royal Uxcliang^e, 
Mr. Eiiward Auger, jan. ot Kniibouritr, 
to Mifs Marianne Hiirr, of UcktielJ. 

13. AtSutieiton, Mr. Maliby, ofFrir- 
flon, CO. Lincoln, to \^\\ii Snmli, orJy 4au 
of Mr. John S. of Sutterton Dowd'ke. 

14. Carrier Tontpfon, efq. of Round 
Copfe, CO. Buckf, to M:is M. A. Smith, 
youngeft daughter t f Matthew S. elq.-na- 
joi- of the Tower. 

Benj. Atkinfon, efq. of I'^, 10 
Mifs Judith Normr.ii, of Cannoii.flreet. . 

16. At Ail ^ai:i'schuixh, Souiiiamp'on, 
M. W. Ferrebee, of Langley-hall, co. L>r«- 
coller, ef(|. a lieut-snsni in the Quc<:i>'s 
royal regiment, to M:fs!etr, dau. of 
John B. of Dublin, efq. barnllcr at law.. 

17. At Ciirillciiurch, Newg'^^C'^>e«ft 
the Rev. Jc»hn Hak<-r. <>f Kron^<iey, Kent, 
to Mifs Roberts, of ChriIVs ftofphal. 

At Gretna- green, Mr. F.dkoer, 
forgeon, of Soutliwell, co. Nottingham, to 
Mifs Toddiugton, of t).c 1:tme p!:«ce, only 
daughter of liie l9te Rev. Ttion^as T. BJ>. 
re^lorof Medbourn, co. Lficcfler^ 

18. At Sr. Andiew*s, Iloibo»ni, Daniel 
Birkett, efq. of Old Swan, to Mifs Sparkes, 
Hatton garden. 

Mr. Farr, of MHiting, near HomcafUe, 
faimer and grazier, to Mtfs Hett, -of 

At Pa&ctas, Uvv \. *. UAcrNTtv,«^ 

to Obiittaiy 9/rtmariaHe Pgrfim ; wiib Biagr^pbieiUtUceUtis. [Jan* 

3iliddlefcx«ftrecC9' Somen-town, dranfhtf- 
mao nnd engOKvet (whofc accurate per^ 
Ibi-mances have frequently fPTen pteaiure 
to our reailers), to MUs Clif7rogfln Vaitg. 
rhaity daugl^i^r of tiM Rev. Rich. V. redlor 
^ Laoininfleri co. Herefoni. 


... jr\ 


T St. Lucia, Capt. Pauifooy of 
the royal artillery; much la- 
mented and efieeroed in iht corps* and by 
' jU who had'tbe pleafure of knowing him. 

Off» ... In Barbados, JoQina Steele, efq. 
one of the members of council thei e. 

21. At Prince-iown, in America, Walter 
Minto, LL.D. a native of Italy, and pro- 
felfor of niithematickt. 

Nov. ... At St. Chriftopher's, the Hon. 
Capt. Dunbar Dougla5| fon to tl>e Earl of 

Mis. Vangban, wife of — — V. efq. of 
Kiogfion, Suirty, who was fon of Mr. 
George V. fcdan chair-maker to his M4- 
)ei>y. Mrs. V. was the mother of Felix V. 
efq. a gentleman eminent ac the Bar. 

At Beadnell, near Embleton, co. Nor- 
thnmberland, aged 87, Mrs. Wood, rcliA 
of Tho. W.cfq. and mother of Capt. John 
W. of Che Northumberland fencibies, now 
in Jerfey. 

At Redheagh, co. Durham, Or. Henry 
Afkew, id fon of Dr. A. A. of Neurcaftlc, 
who was for 50 years the moll confidera- 
ble phyfician tn the North of England. He 
married Mifs Boultby, of Whitby, co. 
. York, a lady of confiderable fortune, who 
died March 13, 1792, leslving nofurvivihg 
childrdn. Mr. A. though educated in the 
pcofeiion, did not pra£life it. His fortune 
principally defcends to the chiUren of his 
brothers, Dr. Anthony A. of ^ed-lion- 
iquailr, and John A. efq. laie of Palim- 
burnehbufe, co. Nonhumbcrlaoii, who 
4icd OA. 19, 1794- 

Dec. 20. At Pinner's- court, Bmad-Oreet, 
cgrd 65, Mr. Samuel Sprapg, formerly a 
|iarCner in the houfe of H.11 rifon, Barnard , 
knd Spragg, merchants : hot of late has a6)cd 
Us agent for managing the concerns uf Pa- 
trick Jeffrey, efq. of Bofton, in North Ame- 
rica ( ill whidi, as wdl as mi every Na- 
tion of life^ he conduced himfelf with an 
* unblemiftied reputation. He has left a wi- 
dow atad fix chilren. 

23. Charles Rivtngton Hoplbn, M. D. 
foriherly pffVyftcian to tl»c Fin/bury Dif- 
penfary ; ituthor of an ingenious Diiferta- 
tiqn, printed at Leyden in 17^7, ^* De 
Trib«ft m Uno;" and trandatMr of the fol- 
lowing works from the German and Swe- 
' diih languages, vi». Zimmerman*/ Trea- 
tife on the Dyfenttry, Wiegleb's Syftem of 
CJhemiftry, Forfl.r'i Voyages and Difco- 
fieries ia the N( ith, and Sparrman and 
Thunberg*s Travtla. 

26. At Iflmgron, in her 49'»h year, 
%lr>.' Biddy Ltmef, wife <i My. jDaviiI L. 

. At Bredgar, in Kent, in his 39th ytar^ 
Mr* William Harnden, linen-weaver, le^ 
ving c^iildrai, gr^chiMtVOi and great- 
grand-children, 10 the i^umber of 116. 
.31. A^ LfMiglilK)rougli, .^Oer a ihort iU- 
nefs, Mir. Kirkland, reliaoJfMr. K. foTr 
merly an emuipnt aiipfi^of tli^tpUce, 
and bailiff of the bo^mush pf LeicefifBr. 

Lat€fy, Of the yellow ^\-eT, in Uie Weft 
Indies, Mr. Jofeph W^b, purfer of his 
Majelty's (hip Alfred, 74, Captain Drurj. 
He h^d ikrved in the Royal Naw for is 
years, with.repiftation to tiirofel^ and fi<* 
dclity. He fiift went to fea in 1776, with 
tl»en Captain, i\ow Admiral, N. Vincent, 
^ hi^ clerk, and was at the blowiog-up ^ 
the Randolph of 36 guns, Ameriican pri- 
vateer, o(|f the coiitt of America, in thjs 
Yarmouth of 70 guns. Oq tlif upturn of 
thatihip in 17 79,. he was rec<>romended 
to the fame fiiiuitijin in the Union, of 
98 guns, Captain D.ilr>'nnple. He was at 
the rclipf of Gtbrdtar in 1 780. By a very 
powerful in tercft he was introduppd to the 
U'e gallant L«ird Rodney, and by him 
placed as an iinder-lecrptary |n his oMce 
pn-board the Foanidahk of ^9 gups. His 
good condudt in that fituaiioPt.a%i) h}f^ 
gallan; he}i;ivipi}r on the glorious nth of 
A]>ril, 17.82, havijig the (C<^fitapd of a 
gun on the. main deck ou that ni^tmorable 
day, recooinW'ided iiim fo infich t^ his 
LorJihip, that he called him into his cabin, 
and faid, *' Child (an appellation he al- 
ways Imnoured him with},liero^«i a fiiTttfr's 

. warrant for the Jamv, a 4^-zun Ihip ; but 
I am forry to part with you. The Janus 

. going to Ai»eiica, Mr. Webb nei'er joined 
her ; and, fortunately fpr him, a vacancy 
feppenijijon-hoardthc AL6ted,of 74, Lord 
Rodney again (cfit for him, fqperledftd his 
other warrant, and prefenied him- with a 
yari-ant for ihe Alfred, emphatically fay • 
inp, »< Child, 1 have fomeching better for 

. you, and in good time, for I hear I am to 
be iiijerfeded;" vhich was adually the 
cafo in a fortnight's time by Admiral Pigot, 
who was Cent out, in Mr Fox's adminif- 

• tration, . to tear the Well-earned laurels 
from Lord Rodney'* brow. Mr. Webb 
came 10 Plymoutii at the peace, and was 
paid UF. He tlien married Mifs D. Raggett, 
daughter of the late refpetflable Mr. Rag- 
gett, difpenfer at tlie Ri^yal Naval Ho^i^ 
tal at the port of Plymouth, a fiAer of 
Cajuuin Balfetl of the Ro>a| Nairy. Ha- 
•ving formerly heen in the Cullomsas wri* 

.ter, he appointed Co11e(::1or of Cu- 
■iloms at the port »)f Pcniance; which 

'plaice lie liUed ^itli h'n ufual corredineft 
and ability till iju; 1790, vwhen, .it 
»hc Spaniih armaments, the Alfred wm 
commiliiuned ; and, .11 the futifequont 
ietticment of tiic No<itka Sound aif^iir, 
wa& Hatlontd at Chatiuun in a guard fhip 
on the gluritius firft of June, 1794. Mr. 
Webb a^teil as aid du.^^amp to X^puin 


1 79}.} OKlmary&frimarkMi P^/iitii with Bhgrspiii^/ Anicd^Uu 8 1 

. and was oh Jeck with him in Hi Henry-Areet, Dublin, Mh, Fon«(t| 

It (jif the 49th ar.d ltd of JM^y and wifo of Thomas F. eftj. and ctmfm to tbo 

fir&6Tjutie. Tike Alfred*! bo..cSy in one Right Hon. Lord DonouKiiroi r«. 
of iVIiicn' Mr.AVcbb' wa^ humanely ex-. At Mniirar, the ludy >f Luiu Hobart. 
iSTte4 thett^dvips, With other l>o.its uf the Aged zt. io coafequenc* uf a violent fe- 

fitet|' to ,^v6'th^ (inking crttw of Le ver| Mr. George Cjpe. 
Vei|gepr, When flie w6ntaownt and on Ac MelltNi Mowbray, aged 251 Mn* 

, ^^ o^cafions coptradiAed the u)le ftbiy, in- W;>rner, wife of Mn W. hanker. 
*Tei^e4by ]• BioV^t. Andr€,andirumpeted in die Weft Indies, Lieut. Tho. Smith- 

foroi in the Paris -gazette;*, that, 'at the fon, of the 17th light dragoons, andfonof 

2»Q^Qd of the pup's linking, the p'rew atl Mr. S- of Cambridge, 
'ficrift^ with the cr^' ojF *< Vive U Ue- At Melton Mowbra/, after a few houlrs 

ruJUiciue !** and loud huzzas ; fp'far from illnefs, Mifs Gibbons { a young lady of M- 

'fi, thsu Mr. Wiebb declared, as u ell 9« many niarkable fweetnefs of manners. 
'otT^ nfficcfn prcfeiit, llut i.o fuel; e'\eut At Kegworth, aged 93. Mrs. Handy^ 

'ever' toojt pL^ce ; byt,^ on the coiUra.ry, many years governefs of the ladies bter4« 

*when ihe qid go down, With abouf ^laif ' iiig-idiool at itiat place. 
her cre.v that could n6L be dived, t he fhrieks At Port Roynl, in f amaica^ in Vis »jft 

of the unfortunate FieriChiiien we're ihock- year, Lieoteaant Thomas Hiilyard, of the 

ingly picrcii^g and dreacifui; ard, \%'hilc Chatham divifion of marines. r 

the Convcfttion was cre6lijig n pillar to At ^iltoo, co. Huntingdon, Walpole 

the memory of Capuin RiiuaJier and the Clench Powell, efq. in the coiuibitfiaa ^£ 

"Vengeur crt w, the captain and 4vO gY his the peace for that county, 

crew were on parole^ and at MiU-piUbjci, . At Bhtbcrwicke, in hit 70tli ytarj the 

eattni; Eiiglifli beef, and liiugliing 'at the Rev. Edward Owen, i^edUir of Southwisk^ 

{nredulity of the Parifians. The Alfrcrd nearOundW, Northamploiifliire. 
was in the drelidf«d ftorm, with Admiral Jan, . . . The Rev. Robert Nunn, re^cr 

Chriftian, ih Kovemher, 1795; and put of He'pworth and Heoiiiigfton, go. Suflblk. 
hack, with tl*e lofs of her nia(^, to tlu3 At Reading, co. Berks, aged 66, Mrs- 

'port. After being repaired, flie went to Mary Simontb, widow of the Ute Mc. 

the Well Indies, and was at the re^c^ptuie Williun %, and motlierof Wm.' Bkickhall 

o'f St. Lucia. Being ordered to Jamaica* S* cf^l- brewer at that place, and one qif 

uhont Auguft.laft, Mr. W6bb, Mr. DuITaiix the receivers-general of the Und-taa ioc 

Uie mailer, and Liculenaot UlUiard of that county. • 

roarhics, fell vi<lti'iis to tliat fcourge of In her 87th year, at Re.'uling* MjCS'Ao* 

hunian kind, ih-j yellow IF^vrr. — Mr. W. neflcy, mother of Fiaocis A. efq. II. P. 

was bjricJ at Jimaca; and died, as he for mat borough. 

livel, univeifally beloved and eiteemed. I. At Friofted| Kent, where he had re* 

*rhc Service lias loft an excellent officer in Aded from his youth, the rev. Pienepo^ 

hii. department ; and h>s family a tender Cromp, fon and heir of Tho. C. of Kewn* 

]uifl>and and aifetflionate father. ''hain, co. GlouceiUr, ef^. He wai of 

Ac.Porti(Tioiith, on his way to Lifbon, Jefu:> college, dml>ndgf, A. B. X754» 

fjr tlie recovery of his Iif'dih, Rob. Inglis A. M. 1757. He married Elifabeth, on'f 

lurgeitfij at Srratford' by Bow, btotlicr to daughter of Abraham TiUlunon, ete. lonl 

Hugh X. efq.. deputy -cliali man of the Eaft- of the manor of Frinited, n( which \m 

India Company. He was biiried iu ttie became polbfled on the deaUi nf bcr fa« at ChethuQt, Sunday, Nov. 15. tiier 1779, and hrd hy ,her a .fon and twi> 

R^v. Mr. CIcy, vicu" of .Cv;blvm, Surrey, daughters* and refided at 7rinf^d>courr, in 

InMai-ei/ieldworKltbufeyin Sullcx,aged that parifli. (HalUd, vol. II. p. 513)* 

IC2, Tfiu. Wigiuore. It is yot unworthy He was an aAive juftice t>f tlie peace, and 

of rem^itk, ilKit, »t the :«ge of 82, wttli as many yean chair.nauof thr quarter (effiooe 

^inucli rcfolutiunas rafhiiefs, he cut'idf hjs for tite vy«Herh divifioh of Kent, 
nght-haud. " At Highbuiy, Edward Ueylyn, e(Sq» 

' Mr. Allcoit, of Caftlc Oonington. Lee parincrwith Mr. Wimei bottom, fidicicor* 

Aged 63* at Nottioglum, Mr. Th. nus i f Tbreadneedle-ftreei ; and, at tlie Lune 

lianby, one of tnc mi»(t iiuiefjtig.ihle and place, Mi &. W. wife of Mr W. 
zealous among the Methodift pica>hersi In hei S.ili >ear, in Taviitock*ilretfi 

in uhicli vi>cati<)n he had been in ditftrent Bedfoid-tqiKire, Mr^. May. 
pars of tiie kingdom ^a year.^. In her z ;d ye^r, at Bath, where ifae 

.At Mour-iowo, near' Leeds, ag^ 81, i^'cnifortne rcc'»vcry of her l^alih. Miff 

Anne Driver. She drove a fand-cajt up- Amelia Motik, of Edinionton, After of Mr» 
ward's of 50 y^ars in that town ; and wais M. of Chefhunc. 

mother^giardmothei, andgrear-grandnio- In Beniers-itreet, James Bradley, «iq, 
(bee* to loS children, 9c uf wliqm ai e living, feci etary to tlio Ii}dia^bourd office. 
' ' Mrs Chapman, ot HolbeaUi, co. Line. Suddenly, at Bridporti Ooiibt, on hit 

Aged 70, Mi's- Wi oot, of Thorney FeOt iftiUDl trom Lwdoii (u Eimrk^ N< W^wcoi 
^GlMT. Mao. Jamntryf 1797, ^\»:Mftf 


$Z,' Obituary of rtmariahUPirfinii with Bl$graph}cdtJlnnJ$Ui. [Jao. 

S)oane, efq. lately of Pllgwyni in the ifland 
of Burbados. 

2. fn Argyll-Ai*eet| Mrs. Mitfbrd, wi- 
jow of the laie John M. ef}. of New* 
town, Humpfhire. 

til Eaftgate ftreet, Barf, aged 1049 Ann« 

PrigRi widtnv. 

In an advanced age, Mr.CoUbn, maoT 
years in;)fter of one of the chariTf-fchools 
in Exe:er ; in wbich office he conducted 
hinniielf with much integrity to the (niftecs» 
and propriety to bis pui'its. 

At Execer, in an advanced age, Mr. Vi- 
gnrs. formerlv a mafter-huilder. 

3 At W.v flrtct, CO Lincciln, aged 46, 
Mr. Sanucl P -.chc!, maniy years an emi- 
nent l.trmcr ;tnd gr:<zier. 

4. Mifs Sophia . Gamier, of Conway- 
ftreef, Fitzi oy-fqitare. 

Agr*d 6', Mt rhnmas Sanderfon» of 
M'txey, CO. Norfh 'inpton. 

^. In John ftreei, Bedford- row, Mrs. 
Amy Kilmer, fifter 10 Sir John F. bart. 

In his 6rth year, tlic Kev. Tho. Price, 
redtor of Caldccote, co. Warwick, and up- 
wanb of zo years liead matter of King Ed- 
ward's free grammar -fchool, Birmingham ; 
not vfiore dt^inguifhed for his rn>foiind and 
critical knowlet'ge of the writings of the 
antientS) than admired for tht^ moderation 
of his opinions, the miktnefs of his difpofi- 
tion, Ind his truly pious and benevolent 
turn of mind ; an example of leamifig 
vfithmit pedantry, nnd of religion without 
l>igntry H<r Hm-f , with patience and ferc- 
niiy a ferere lUtiefs uf many monciis, and 
defed a life of virtue and ufehtlnefs uith 
the f aim refignation of a true Chriftian. 

In Northgate, near Canterbury, aged 
^5» M^* J^'^ Underdow.', fen. 

In the caftle of York, John Wilkinfon, 
on« of the people called Quakers; whd, 
with feven others, was commuted to prifon 
above a year and a half ago, under Exche- 
quer frocefs, for Fefiifing to pay tithes. See 
our Review for (hat month, p* ^i. 

At Melford, in Suifclk, in his 9111 year, 
William Kedington, efi{. 

6& Aged aS, Mr. Robert Golden, jun. 
architeQ, of Gitat- Ormond-fti'eet. See 
vol. LX. p. St. 

7. Soddenly, of an a|[^lexy, in South* 
amptoQ-builduigs, aged ai, Mr. Kdward 
Kimpton, ftiigeon. On tlie Weduefd;*/ 
preceding, he had been unanimoully clew- 
ed furgeon to tlie Loudon Difpenfary. 

At Burton- upon -Trent, inhi:» 75th year, 
Mr. William Raven. 

Mrs. Roberti'on, wife of Mr. James R. 
of Gerrard-Areer, Solio. 

Thomas Rumball, efq. of Edmonton. 

Aged 84, JR Nottingham, Mr. Movetty, 

8. 1q Porlbnd-placc, Bath, Mrs. Hunt, 
relidoF Thomas Mr. H. of Ewc!«, S«irey. 

At his liouCe nt H^immeifmithj xxxw Rev. 
Md^an Jonqr, LL.D. ' 
At Sbrew(bu)7i at ilie advanced age of 

S7, John PoweH, efq. of Worthen, c» 
Salop. His eftates, with a confideAMo 
perfonalty, devolve upon his nephew^JO^D 
Kynafton, efq. Mr P. for that coonty. 

Mifs Rees, eldeft dau. of Jarees R. «f(|. 

g. In Craven-ihreet, John Lttcie Black* 
man, efq, Well- India merchant. 

At Mile- end, aged 78, Mrs. Borrill. 

Wm. Gillum, eftj. late of the India-httufi?; 
and author of fooe poetical and p<mtic4l 

At Huntmgdon, in tho p^imo. of 'ttf9, 
the Rev. r. Staflbrd, reAor of Hemingford 
Abbots, 'and of Upzon with Copptngford, 
both in the county of Huntingdon, and in 
-Che commifTion of the peace fitr that conoty* 

At Haydon, in £0ex, the Hon. Mrs. 
Jane Bofeawen, reliA of the late Hon. and 
Rev. Dr. Nicholas BoTcawen, |frebeodary of 
Weflminfter, who was brother to the de- 
oeafed admiral of that name, and to th( 
late Lord Fnlmooth. She was daughter of 
— Woodward, and relict of Hat- 
too, of Stratford-upon-Avon, co. War- 
wick, efqrs. and I., d by Dr. B. two fons ; 
Hagh, born 1755, died ttie next year^ and 
Nicholas, lM>rn 1756. 

JO. After a few d^iys iUnefs, at the hodfo 
of her only fifter, Mrs. Berkeley, reliA of 
the Rev. Dr. B. prebendary oif Canterbory, 
Mrs. Frinlbam, youngeft daughter ^of the 
late excellent Rev. Hepry F. M* A* of 
Wh«te Walthani, Berks, and graiid«danghtdr 
of Fraiu:is Cheny, efq. of Shottefbrooke* 
houfe, in the fame county. Her mortal re* 
mains wtre, on tlie 17th, conveyed to 
Sliotteibrooke, by her own order, and 
there depofited in the burial-croond of her 
ancefton, near t<t her eminently pioiis and 
iearned grandfather, J^rancis Cherry, efq. 
whofe only infcription by his own expreii 
order is, 

'Hic jACaT ^accAToauM MAXiMns» 

Obiic 13 Sept. 1713. 
in the fame grave in that vault with the 
now mouldered remains of her excellent 
father, whom Ihe quite idolized, who 
doaied on her, and whom Ihe loft at nind 
years old. At the r^ueft of her fifter Mrs. 
B. tfie Rev. Mi*. White, curate of Chert- 
fey, anended, ai>d preached a very flne fu« 
neral fernioo to a crowded lamenting au* 
dience, in tlie pUce of Mrs F's nativity \ 
which he repeated on the aid at Chtrtfey, 
and which, we uoderftand, is to be printed. 
Her death will be feverely felt by the pcxir^ 
and lamented by all wtK> had the happinefs 
to live in intimacy with her. She }ioflefled 
many virtues and accoroplilhments, but 
bein^ natutally of a very retired, refcrved 
difpofition, Ibe witlidrew from public no- 
tice, and to niery fenv w^s known as ihe 
defcrved. Her exemplary attachmet^t as a 
fifter never was furpalfed ; ftie fulfilled in 
tliat relationflitp every duty to tiie utmoll 
extent of generous difmterefted affection. 
At the a£;e of about 17, (he refolyed n^er 
... to 

' 797* 1 ^''••'7 ofremaikabk Vgrfint ; with Biographical Amcdtiis. 83 

10 ■■fiyi liir»iinir tamvUed. But this re- 10 the Righc Hon. Philip Yorke^ 

CiUfftWM nol known, to her Itmi^, not sd Earl of Hani wkfeei 

even Co her. fi&«riiiQflft about ioy«aitaipn. diedjanuaqr inh» 1797." 

WlwB % VN7 liule (irly niic 7 years oJkl, Ac the redory-hotife at Bed.Uc, in tbo 

IMk^ne iligr/eeiDt a fenilaBan» who was Nonh Riding of Yorkfliife, thR Rev. Rich, 

eo a tSx at ber Mier'i, fpeak harfhly to Cbrke, reaor of that place He marrrad, ' 

bit heaciCifal lady, ihe, when alonei thus a /ew years ago, Mils .— ~ Wife, fifter of 

aMvfled her mother < Mjkfunnia, I am re- Mrs. Milhai'.kr, wifa of William M. efq* 

firivad never to have a haOiend unlef> ti)e of Tnoq>e Berrow, near that place, hf 

gpatleOKan will let me live with him a whom he three children. This rec- 

wtaele year before I nvirry htm, to fee (ory is in John Claike, uf Grange Hale, 

hew 1 fhalLlike bim j hecaute yuii teii me, o^herwife Glehe-houfe Bed<ile, efq. elder 

Wftwn Xsn-Oprried, if I <^'/l<ke liiro, I broths of tiie ueceafed, and is worth 

moft not come away home :ifain to papa and n-^'-^ycar. His wife, who wa« Mifa 

yoo." She bad an esuiuifite um!erittndio{, Orammr.r, of Richmond, m Surrey, died 

with judgemeet to ai'vife, and fucctnc A o( cvro yeai s ago, aged 25, leaving no children, 

manners 10 fwMhe, her beloved Mr Jolin Gammon, mafter of the Oak 

and deferving fifler, uiuier the preli'uics Of inn, Srvcn Oaks, Kent. 

the (evereil triaU ; anJ, when Oic enjoyed Mrs. Ciarkf, wife of John C. efq. of 

lieaUhaitd cttearfuloefs, ftiedifplayed abril- S.mdnd^e buiv, Hert«. and >:aughier of 

li^rncy of thought, and lively fallies u\ w it, lUc iale Dr. C 'tron, of St. A'.h tii's. 

highly entertaining within l>er own f;!mily. Ac the Five Ways, nc^ai Birmipgham, 

A 6mi and fervent piety cliara£)erized her Mrs. Rebecca TinU.fl, :t mjiUeii lady of 

■iiiform conduA from her early youth tp great relpedtability, and defcended from 

her latetihoor. Shetrufted for accept.mce an amieni family. 

with Goi> only through the merits ;ind %i* At Waiworth, aged 75, Mrs. Elizabeth 

rariMis futteiings of Itrr adored Reiletrmer. Tuivnley, a wiattw lady. 

The laft words that (he uttered, i<» be dif- At Lciceltei, :igcd 69, Mr. John Lewia. 

\mQ\f heard, vwere, ^^Qh! my Saviour He uvas elected mact-bcarer to the Corpo* 

Goo, into THY HANos I'o 1 ci>mmeod my ration in the year 1787, which oflice he 

I'ptric ;" — it is fnppi>feU th;it Ihe concluded filied wiih e^u-d credit to himltlf and uii- 

ihetei^t — ** fnr 1 Uhi haA redeemed it, O lily to lixe Coipo'atioi^ v.h»*, though for, 

LfiRc-. /iov Goo of Tfutb !** — .is ihe cunti- fomc years previous to his deceafe he was* 

fuied eitlier praying or pr^tifing Goo incapacitated from attending his public daty 

tuelail gentle breath that Ihe « I ew. Thefe thrbugh lUtieft, generoufly continued bis 

excelleni qualiticf, with an expai.det be- fulaiy as a tel^rraony of their approbatitti 

nevoience and c«mipaflioiiate heart, b!eflcd of h;s integrity ;«nd worth. 

the fmaU circle of lier intimate ftieodf. In his 65th year, Thomas Page, eftq. one 

who, with her ioconfokible fiiier, w^l ever of ti e deituiy-Iieutenants for the Zfle of Ely^ 

revere ber men«ory, as they nf>w deplore aed one </ ttie corporation of the conlenm^ 

her lofs.— It '\9 foroewhat renuikable, that tors of Bedford ^vel. 

Mrs. Berkeley loft her only ion, Geofge- Mrs.Portello, of Hammusrfmith. 

Monck B. efq. in Jan. 1793; Dr. B. her A< Muirton, in Scotland, Davtd ScotC^ 

koibaud, in Jan. 1795 j and her fifter m tCq* of Nether Bsnholm. 

Jan. 1797* &!>. Berkeley alfo died in the 12. At Kiiburn Wells, Mn. Johofon^ 

month of January. wUe of Mr. Alexander J. roachinift of 

XI. At her huule in St. James*fqiiare, Drury- lane theatre. 
Jemima MarchipneCs Giey, Baronefs Lucas After a lingering iUneis, in his 40th yeari 

of Crudwell, in the coonty of WiU«. Uer Thomas porter boiiell, efq. of Du^cld« 

Ladyfhip was the grand-daughter of Hen* hall, Djjrbylhire. 

ry, lail Dake of Kent ; daughter of John, At iiis father*^ ttboTe, by the hurBing o| 

thinl £ail of Breadalbane, by the laid a blood-veifel, Robert Williamt, efq. of 

duke's ekleft daugiitct Amabel Jemima ; Pembroke cidlege, Oxforti, your)geft foa 

and widow of Philip, feco^^d Earl of Hanlr ot £dward W. of Eatun, en. Salop, efq. 
wicke, to whom die was married 1740, At Leicefter, Mr. Moore, fen. an emi<^ 

and by whom ihe lias left two daughten, t^^Qt hofier. 

Atnabe), widow of Lord Polwarth, and JJ. The Rev. Jeremiah Bigiby, B. A. 

Jemima, widow of l«ord Granth:»m j to re«ftor of St. Peter's, Nottingham ; tli^ pa- , 

the eldeft of whom driiasnd theedates be- ironage of whicli is in the Crown, 
longing to the Duke of Kent, and the ti- Mr. t lio. N^fh, lug.>r-rcnn':r, Lemao-ft, 
tie of Baronefs Lucas. Of a mori idea: ion in his hano, owing to 

On tier coAn-pUte is infcrihed : the biu-fiuig if a gun, m hi> 84th yiar, Mr. 

^ The Mo^ Noble B. Oicer, of,netr Gitiu(horo'. 

* Jemima, Marclrione& Grey, In 5l Gregory's, Noruicli, z^-^s 71, 

and Barooeis Lucas, of Crudwell ; Mr- J-mes HaiUy. astonif y at Uw ; 4 zca« 

bom October 9th, 0. 3> >7»a i ^*'^u advocate Uit eveiy parv ^)( o>ia vslckX* 

i&anriAl May gidy 1740/ ^ui CoofOtuliQii -, aa4 e^v>i\\>| x^l^&a^^ 


^A^ B%iiiS. tt~ 



»5 n 


m!!l! t 



! f'f- 

lU5J = 


The Gentleman's Magazine; 


nc Saa-Stir 

WUicbill Even. 

jEnglilb Chno. 

Caorier— Et.Mi. 

ICdAcfci Jonn. 
line uit Ci}. 
jDiil; Adrmirti 

Tiact — BritiNi 

IHcnld— Or>cTt 

P^ft— Telrjr. 


B Adtt 

Etkth 1, Biittcl 4 
BimiiiElMa a 

Biicb— Bqrj 


1 N I N G 


Met-DUTNibrJaiiaaiTindFBbriinrY, it97 ^9 
OtfJBiiulLetteiofOr.Y'iunE'oMi'Nowcoinb jj 
Snoelpeciinenf ofltHi i^raf/o CMac'i'M i'^. 
' Lord Trimle Hon, iodotheramiei«Irift)Peen g) 
The *eiring of Buckle; wooW be C.-iafiiy rf. 
Rem:irk:iti!e Inftanco of eopioos VejrlJiKin Ih. «i(i.r*— Tlie S«ir Jelly whai ii iif 94 
O l>fer»it icm I on D(. WiUieiiHg** Arraigemeiit 9 J 
I A New ipci-n of fuigsi (uniid an 1 ilcfcrilH:.! M, 
!vi)Ei)r'i Modacidstiling Firei C' >m[reiblei,l g6 
Ot:ginalLecierf:iimihecBlebrale.l Mr.L.*h.a j; 
iConumitis iicLi(eallJWriiiiislt>fC<i|Kriiieusng 
iRtlirtheiilihlaPjeiDipublifliediiiBci j'« N ^mc 1 o 1 
'ffioniowirdtroniiHlttinn of a rocket -Flora loj 
' Eraendaior'i EKp'aiialion of liit PiKket-F|iir> 1 04 
Menoin of Mr. Bifwett— Cu«oini.lDuen«« ii. 
Seals of flithop BilfDM and General Morek lo; 
A Defcriixion ol NeLhA Hall, ci>. EITex. it. 
Tup. (graphical Dofcription of WnnctHii.Oiun 106 

MrAVilliawFrmd'sAiifWai toAiiK- 1 licrfit.:! i I ; i Man lagOiDeairuoC cmliKKiI PErbHiK. l6j— ItI 
InaitcTedPri'ilcgeiSftheCitfiitl-ontlonit. :TheArer3|«Prketijf GraiuroroncManiliijT 
Renurks (ID N^mu uf Ships in Koyal Navy 116 Daily Vaiiacionsiii the Prii;«si<f the Slodu Eg 
Emb«11illied»ith PortraiB of Copukmicli and Biia, degajitly engraved by 
J, Baiihi a Viewof "- - - ■ - -— " - - 

Original Leilerof Mr. ChnniM Ciikein 1617 iii 
Ordciltn 1I1C Cafe DfaF-'iciKnlnvaflon 1641 /*. 
TcantifliunsoriheFrenchinBraiiyBBTiegB li. 

□iRicuil Palfige in Tacitus fully eluculaied in 
PHJnliiigiinRiiiiBdsCharcli'notFtDiitVulsaie 113— "^^ler ofOrJtnjtey" 114 
Dr. Bieic— FITemiatiflE— DDUay Cauchirm 11 1 
Ctiatterlno'f Coire pomleiice — Dr> Olynn 116 
Aftroiiomicnl PhxnonKnuii — Mr.HixmriHi n; 
Shcrifbfoi 1797 — ThoJiidgBiCir«iit*fcrLentii8 
Naw PUHLIOA.TI0S4 "W-'47 

Li 1 1 

V Intii 

•nfirered ii. 
SKt.icTFeiTi<v,AiiiienlaadMoilErni4S — 151 
IntereflinglnleUigenceiroRil.ondanGizcites iji 
CniintTy Kewi — Da[iDcl)icOccurrsnces,atc.i6o 

, Uc. 

By STLTANVS U R B A >, Gent. 

PrintW by JOHN NICHOLS, at Ocero's ll«ad, Red-LIAa Paltage, nM|.ftnac\ 
MhMVanLMBntameEJiteraKitefiicdiobtMlditfle&'ifoii^thVtk. \i<n> 

: . I r I - - - - 

; t I i., iXtS 



!ii INI I !i! r 

isit ' \t^] I ! 1 1 i I 

III! ,!l l!!ll.! 

II r~ r- 



The Gentleman'% Magazine', 

Cutcrbarr i 

FEBRUARY, 1797. 


OrisiiulLeu«ofOr.Yiiun£toMi.N«HCoi[ib fi 

Sooie Specimeni of the ***">■"«" CijW'/aM /*. 
LordTrimlctliH), andotberantiBntlnftPeen 9j 
The *ejringorBackIef wodM b« C.lariir '*■ 
Remark .ib'.e [nltinca of copioiu Vej--t:tion /i. 
lii^i «■«!*— T(iB Siai Jelly what ii it } 94 
^ New Species of fuip" fiUHil HD I Jffcril«,l ih. 
Viatur'i Mudsnf Ignnns Fire) (;.,[nniviute>l 96 
OliginalLu-'-LerfiOinlhocelebrMeil Mt.L.«.k.o j; 
•RtprAei ifiHepjenjipublilheiliuBcij'JN -(m: 1 o 1 
Ifii)niDW:irJ«l'oRi|iiIittkinn(aPockei-Flura 10 j 
EiBcnilatar'iExp'wiMionafliilPaclcet-FiDia 104 
Menunn of Mr. ttrfwell— CuftoiootUuening ib. 
SeaborBiAiuplfilA'n'n'GeiieTjlHiiPOt lo; 
■A Defcriiwonof S«t»* Hall, co. Elfcx. -'A. 
iTop-igcapMcalDBftriptionnf Wro)tton,0ionio6 


SirMLebaelSCewan— BilliopL^fla'sEpLtiphl'' 
The (fakers— Slale'mcnlof arcvenMatadyJ^ 
CiiiiaiiiPennieiuf fumcaiilj En^iOtKiniiiig 
AiiilentAiucksofiriefrerxliunLliffsliQaiidi tic 
OrigmalLwlwofMr. rhoma!C.*eioi6»7 lii 
Ordertiii ineCsf«yf.iP,.rciyi Innruw 1(41 H, 
Ti.mljfliuniof tlie French tn HmHryBiy i6g| ii. 
JJiHicuU Paffiee in Taciins Cully elociiliieil ill 
Painui'gtin RaWKlsChnicl: ni* rtomVuIgwe ii] 
Go.lil..wNun.icry— "l-iieri.fOrJ|rsgrey" iLf 
Dr. Brett— EireAii-illfts—Douay Cuwhifrn iic 
Ctnliertna't Colrc pondence — Or, Olynn ill 

Aftrwiooiicai Pi.»iomeiiuii— Mr. H*mf™ iij 
Sherifhfbi 179; — TheJiiJg«CirciiitilDrL*ntu8 
Rbvix* or Niw FuHLicjt.Tiayi IW— 147 

.Kv Inti 

X In I 

— Queiieiaiifivered H. 

iMr.WilliamFmMl'sAiifwai toA nil- I her rue) 11; | Man'ug«!,I>ealtUoCcmi>ieiii PcrtaiiSiifi]— if. 

ITheCruiiicndPri-ilcgeiAfltieCityiif IjHidtinit. ^TheAvaratePriCettif OninforoiMMaiKlii;? 
Reinarks(>nNjnn«ufSh.psin Royal Kairy 116 Ritly Vmiatiunsinilie Pritos.if the Stocta Bg 

._.h Portrait* "f C 
iiK I a Vl«w of Nm 
aiul Se^li of H.'. 

>, degantly engrayei hjr 


prinMbr JOHN HICHOLS, al Ocero't H«ad, Red-Lion PalEqe, Fl««>fi(««^ 
«|i«t«all LMUnu'diflEditarireitefirediobBaddTdM', Tni-[-tKVt>, «i^> 

90 MtUmUgieatDitriis fir Jzm*Tj aad Fehnvj, IJ97. 


SSB cilm 

ESE calm 
SE brilk 

t4NW ciim 
17 S caliq 

rSS ulm . 

19 5 calm 

.0 SW calm 

SW li 

■J ^ moiwat* 

15 S pwlfl 

•$ SE biilk 

S9 SE nxHltr^ 
il N¥ E«ntli 
.9 SW gentle 

30 SW nMikriite 

-*S I'o 

&W. boifler 

(J. Sea |uU[ in Und.— 17. Gijrii! flowi 


^oomy, Dvic.h fog 

glcomj, and raw fl* 
mild )im) wet, im I'l 
rnaw and rain 
lllils r.>in 

ileliEtillul day, clear, « 
blue (ky. fuD 
(loomy, r.iin .it night 

iiild iikI pl«ifaiic 
ly,' but Litilc fuu 
ind pleabnt ■• 

Etoumy, liltle fun 
EloMny A. M. rain P. M. 
' A. M. clean up, with too, P.ll 
r, tviUilittlfl [iin 

-caft, i-iia 11 oizht 


—15, lilaJfs of fnow-drop KppKtr.-tt. 
H The hitdiof Larch grow tiitgid.:^— if. 
in uie fpac* of tbre* 

fall of rain, >.30. EnpoiMian veflel braken by ibe froft, 

Mbteokolocic^l T**i-«i for February, 17J 

SWtht tf FalnnlMifi ThmnMneMi. 












.«. pu. 

W Feb. 1797- 
















































































. .,, W. Ca.y, Op(ieno, h 

1. i» 

I •>( Fahrenheit'* 

■i J 


Wekber ' 


" ''•'^ '7!7. 

J i 


40 ,»9 ,70 


)o 1 ,4' 
30 J30.»» 


It > >iS 


5) .'7 











^ - 

Nor folk -Street, Stn|id, 

. T — ..~raiiduiiu*l in fiitiue; each ■ 

Ketthetn «<pe£t open 10 the air, btx dear fiorn wei( No. ^ liz iget fros tb« HMhi 

T H £ 


■ . 

Gentleman i Magazine : 

For F E B R tJ A R Y, 170?. 


Mr. Urban, Fsh.j^. 

^JK^^OHK ^^ foHowing excel- 
^ lent tetter of the great 
hp % Dr. Young will doubc- 
'^ /B^ Icfs be an accepuble 
^tk /(^ prcfeoc to your rca- 

lOf^^^^ <!"•• Ik is probably 
^^^^^ one of tbe lafThe CTf r 


E. H. 

« To the Rev. Mr. Thot. Newcomb at 
Hackney near London." 

** My dear old friend, 
** And now ray only dear old friend, 
for your name£Uie Colborn is dead; he 
died laft winter of a cold, caught by offi- 
ciating on the Faft-day i He has left one 
daoghter, I believe in pretty good circum* 
ftances { for a friend of his, (bme time 
agoe, fettled upon hier twenty^pounds a 
year; and he, no doubt, hat left her 
ibaaething coufiderable himfelf. 

«I am pleafed with the ilanzat yoo 
fent me; there it nothing in them of 
eigb^'fefeh s and if you have been at 
yudng, in your attempt on the tUatb of 
Aket-i ic will do you credit. That nirork 
I have read, and think it deferves that 
wotption it has met withalL 

^The libel you mentioo, I hare. not 
feen ; but I have feen nomberlefs papers, 
which Ihew that our body politic it 
far from being in perfeA iiealth. As 
for my own health, I do not love to oero«> 
plain ; but one 'partiodar I muft tell you, 
that my fight i^ fo far gt>ne, as to lay me 
under the neceffity of borrowing a hnd 
to write this. God grant me grace under 
this darknols, to lee more dtturly things 
inviiibiB and eternal, thole great things* 
which you and I rouft foon be acquainted 
with I and why not rejoice at it ? There - 
if not a d.iy of. my long life that I delire. 
to repeat ; and at fourfcore it i& all Ishmr 
md^r0mt. Wbat then have we to do ? 
Bat one thing remains, and in that one 
bleflisd be God| by his aOifl^nce, we are 
five of fucccit. Let nothing therefore lye 
btavy on your heart; let us rely on Him 
who hat deoe fo great things for us ; that 
loter of ibula, that bearer , of prayers^ 
wbenefcr the/ como IrDm* the heart; 

and fure rewarJer of all thofe who love 
Him, and put their trad in his mercy. 

'< Let us not be difcontented with thiir 
world ; that is had, but it is dill woife « 
to be fiti^fied with it, fo fatisfied, as noC 
to be very anxious for fomething mofOb. 
My love and beft wilhes attend you botl^ 
and, I am, . 

•* my good old friend, 
'* fihcerely yours, E. Yo tj n e* 
"Wellwyn, Nov. a c, 1762." 
P. S. <* I am peruiaded that you ve 
miftaken as to your age. Yoo wriia 
yourielf 87, which cantaot be the ^ei 
for i always ihought myielf older thali 
you, and 1 want conHderably of that age. 
If k is worth your While, iatis^ me at to 
this particular.'' 


Turtn temfux erit, msgm cum tptrntifli mfHfk 
Inta&Hm Paltatitm. 

Mr. UrbaH, JmM» 19. 

^Ul altitum iniufiu ffM^ euM 

*N^ if/um /$ imtutri oparut. 

Mr. Chatmert't motto; bor<^ 
rowed, perhaps, from an ex« 
ample in Lily's Grammar. 
The public prints have exhibited 

a fufficient nofegay of the 


permit roe to offer yo^ a mod lrrc» 
fragable inftaace of the 


In Mr. Chalmers's Apoiogj /tr thg 
Belinfirs ia tbi Sbfik€j^4a^ Fmpgr^ 
Qfc, page 217, note (c), we are told, 
th^t **FloriOf for a time, reiided at 
Oxfi^ii,"-^** be was matriculated, at 
a member oi Emamuil college, ia 

Emanuel (i. c. EwesaBuel, for To 
tbis appellation fliould have been 
written) is a college at CMmM^gff 
and not at Oxford. 

Emmanuel college was toot foliadedl 
till the year 1584* •■<>> confequ^ntly, 
.F!orio could not hate been niatricu* 
lilted a member of it ia 15! I. 

9ft Rm^ii^^ A/r.Chalmers's Jfohgy.-'Late t^r^Trimlcftown. [Feb. 

Ltftly, Florio wat, at no period Sh^kcfpearc MSS.) are k$imivm to hi 
of hit life, a member of Emmaaucl /a*jt. ya ihey ougbuo bmvi he*, kif 
coljegc. Its piefent worthy Mafler If^Vid, 

can Iroach for the uiut^ of ihia 

The reader, therefore, will pieaic 
toob(erve. that the foregi>ifig note by 
Mr. Chaimei^, \% con»i8cd of one 
falfcfpeUing, and three moA egregioui 


f '.Twice treble (hame m& Angelo, 

« To weed. my vice, and let his grow !" 

Mtcjurt Jvr Mittfure. 

On the accuracy of the reft of Mr. 
fchalmert*! flatements relative to the 
Life and WorX* of John Flcrio, I 
pferend not to determine.-— Rcfpe A ine 
other deliftquencies of our ^P^hgifft 
the talk of couipietc dctcQioi^y and 
lecributive juftice,' could not. h^ve 
fallen into abler Tiands than thofe. of 
Mr. Malonc—Thft gentleman, I 
trvft* will forgive my amicipatiun. of 
a few rcmaikf/ which he conid not 
fail to have hiadc without a *< proipp- 
tcr." Yours. &c; 

P. S. Caa injr of your cornefpond- 
cntf inform me why Mr. Chalmert 
hat aimed hia cJnmfy farcafm and na- 
tional nfte^ion ajt the venerabk . an4 
unoflfending earl of CharUmQnl f - See. 
ihe Aul^)%r the BtlUvirs^ p. 13 p. 
•«— a wiu-q*-th*-wi!p led him (^|l. 
Malone) headlong /a/e tbi bog tf AUft*. 
Here, with hrd CbmrUmpmi hj bis fide^ 
h^ plunges a while* At leDgtb, tbty 
fioutdir through." Surely, Mr. C 
ha* not profited by the advice %vhich 
ih'e drunicen butler gives to Trinculp 
in the Timpeft* *•— while thou 
liv'ft, keep' a good tongue in thy 


TakC| Mr. Urban» another inRance 
of the««rf»^«r/aZf««; << Truth Or ikes 
the fliears and meafute fiom his (Mr. 
Malone's) hand ; yet does hp continue . 
tq fet out, with a nipnble. hafle, but 
without a yard, hi| linfy-woolfy, in 
open maikei.*' Apobgy, p. 74.— Thi^ 
metaphorical flouriihwill befuretomeet 
with numeroQS admirers at Merchant- 
Tailors hjdl j and, perhaps^ the free- 
dom of their company may be the 
reward uf cheir favQucite writer.— But 
I ihali ircfpals no faither on t(ie limits 
of your valuable Rcpofitory than 
tvhi.r^ i add, tiiat Mr. C. is (aid to be 

Mr. Urban, Feb. 1$. 

THE late Lord TrimUflt'WH waa 
thr ^Tkmai r^corjdcd by Archdall 
as ihc'thiitcentb lord, and an aftive 
member of the volunteer aiTuciatidns, 
He was alfo an excellent and worthy 
nobleman : indulgent to an cxtenfive, 
and now by his paternal caie, a flou* 
nihing tenantry, amiable in his mano 
ners, and truly beneficent in bis 

A fecond marriage of his fath/tr, and 
th« conftquent alienation of his affec- 
tion, involved the late lord for many 
veara in the mofl- ungratefol of- all. 
firuiitionSt a familv-Iawfuit with his ' 
younger and half* brother, in whofe 
f<^«nur his father bad made fiich ex- 
tenfive leafes of his entailed eflatas aa 
to reduce Lord Thomai to a very 
flrniler incnroe for many years.of h*a 
life *. He fucceeded in eftabliftiBg hia 
claims; but, as he had kiiowa adver- 
(ity, he felt, when prol'perous, how 
great were the c!aiinf of tbofc who 
needed his alfiftaocc. 

His fuccejQor, the pre fen t lordj w^s , 
not, as your correipoQdent ftatcs, the 
Luid VtliQOunt Ktn^and ; but a Mr. 
Bainwall, the. fiiA*counB;Of the lat^ 
pejcr, whOft though by birth and. early 
education an Jiilhman^ was fo lotg 
refidant in France, b«fore the revolu* 
lion, as to have acquired the title of 
Li Comptt^ Bstnitutaii.' His foa, the 
Hon. Thomas Barnwalt, is married to 
the daughter of Mr. Kirvan, a gentle* 
man celebrned for having, in his . 
learned teifure, explored the rtieoceof 
cKemiftry fo oeeply as to have gone 
f»ir beyond the. profefQonsl laboura 
of the ableft chemifU of our time. 

The Kiag/Un4 family is very diftant* 
ly jcl4te4 to the TrimUftifutm branch., 
inipmuch that, as i hjive not time ta. 
look into ArchdalU I doubt whether 
they defceod from any of the Lords of 

The late Lord, with the honouraUo 
pride of a noble family, at a very great ■_ 
expence, repaired the old mAOTiat 
caitle of Rabuck, wiihin three milea. 
of Dubjln j an4 it now forms one of, 
the graifdcfi features of the vale bcr 

prepatkBg a bulkjf volume to prove, tweeu' that tuy and .the WickL^yr/ 

th-it, though the late reppru concerning' nioumaips^^ ^_ Norma kj h/s. 

a hie aiEipmanuel college (Jikc ihc ""V/w Lhcooi^iap.TsTtwx. 

1797*1 J^f^fif M Irifh Puragis.^^BucHig rei$mmifrJeil.^-^ats, 93 

AmoRgft other eufquiriet, perak nw 
to aik fomc ptfticuTurf rcfpefifag tiM 
anceflort of Gtirri .u Waftiagton, mh tm 
th«y went fiW\ to £t:tt{e in Ainenc»|'' 
aod an account of their arms^ if muj 
are legiiUreJ. 

It may not be of irnch mU pcrhafli 
to adveri to prevailing fafliioAS in^rt% 
at they haTe their day ; but itwouM b«' 
a vcr^ delirable advantage to the peopi* 
of this town and neigh tx>urhoody wW 
have formerly been etnplo^d and fiib* 
lidcd comfortably by fn«nufaAurin|r 
BuckiiSf if fomc coofiderate pcrfons ia 
the polite world would, by weann^ 
buckles ioAcad of Anngs or ribboM uk> 
their flioes, fet the example for uiliiii 
to do the fame ; as many hu»dieda o^ 
the working people here are itt tkm 
^eateft diftrcls for want of enplof^ 
onent io iheir original buHiirrt. And' 
were it ordered by gnveroment, tliil 
the arniy ihould wear buckki, as for* 
roerly, it would b? a meant of fc^tiof 
the inhalMtantB here to woik a{;ain, aad*^ 
would infure their hi^heft gratitude to 
their bene favors. If this is not to bv 
done, a tax upon iboe-AtiDfrb or flip*- 
ptrs might induce many to wear buck*' 
les, rather than pay the fame. J. G« 

QSV* JUU^N* Wni/kSt Fib. 1 5. 

1^ ?ol>.LXVl. p. 8117. I read an hc* 
count of ti^e death of Lord Trimlef- 
tqo *a. whofe anceAor in the time of Ed* 
xiwdlj[y« had the fkft pi^ent granted 
<o W/ P<^ qC Xrelaifd ; and I have no- 
tified, iha^ this wl(^ (m well as fome 
<nh«rs undcroaipeji). has been omitted 
in the UiAs of the Peers of Ireland, 
for oii4).y» years. In W:itron's Irifli 
.MlPmnack,foci79$»iptheLiftof Peers« 
thf: tiila of another nobleman of i«iac 
fWl'y i* George Bafnwsll, Vifcount 
l^irnwiAll of |{Lin^ilandj and his coun- 
try refidpni^ is at Trimleftuwn, in the 
c^upFy of K^ath. I obferire. alio, that 
L^rd^Duiifany's name and title is now 
introduced as fccond B<ron of that 
kingdom. Thivhss been omttui many 
y«arSy at well as Vifcoubt Dillon, who 
now takes pla^ as frcond vifcount. 
Vhy istbe ride of Earl of Fingall 
«piittc<l ? Off is that branch of the fa- 
mjily of Piuukct extih£t ? Alfo, why is 
B9t Sir Thumai Browne, Baioner, re- 
gtfter^, among the Irifh Lords,.as Vif* 
count Kenmarc; by which latter name 
^P i$^|<^cral)y called in Ireland ? The 
aoticpc titles ox VifcouQt GornvnAown 
and Fermoy I'avc alfo been difcon* 
tiDK.ed niany yesrs,; though, I believe, 
thcra are repsei'entatives or claimants 
tot bo:h tlkcfe honours. Information 
vthy die above titles hare 1>een omitted 
inthftaopual HAst.and why iome have 
bMB lately adoiiued to their former 
places amoojg the Irifli Peers, will be 
th#^f9)ly acknowledged. 

A Conftaot Reader, p. 59* is inform- 
ed that fid ward ScyoMur, Duke of So- 
iqcrlcw (beheaded 5 £dw. VI.) was 
buried, io the chapel at cbe Tower ; as 
was alio the body of. John Dudley, 
Dvke of Northumberland, his mortal 
eaemy* who was beheaded afterwards 
is the. begiaaiag of the iUign of Mary 
the f irft. 

I. return thanks to B. p. z6, for the 
ftcisfafkion received 00 perfiung his ex* 
ctUent Letter on the names of the Ihips 
of the Royal Navy of Great Britain ; 
and hope his bints refpediing the naming . 
A.>fa of war afur the counties, kc. will 
be att^^ 

« Tbe inlh Houfe of Lords, March 3, 
'?95t relolved itfoVf into a committee of 
privileges on the claim of Ix)rd Thmlellon. 

'Aftn* the ex-imtnation of witneHesas to 
the autlienticity of the family- recordf, the 
dmrman reported, thai bis lordfbip had 

^pnvcd' his ciMxn to the title oC baron of 
Ttigilefton. Th« repyyrt was received 

Mr. Urban, CreJiftM, Jam. to. 

JJA vol. LXVI. p 874i you recoi4' 
two rcmaik2b*e in&anccs of vegeta* 
tion ; I beg to oifer you a third, whklk 
occurred in the garden of my father 
this lad leafon. By accident an oat of 
the common kind vegetatccV, from the 
root of which fprang 5^ ftaHts of 
Allots, 31 of which bore'froit; no 
doubt,, (had it been fuffered to remai« 
in the ground,) the barren (hoots would 
have alfo f rubified ; but my father, n&t 
wifbing to have a fecoi.d crop of fuch « 
piolific family, extirpated it early ia 
the fca'on. Many of the ftoois mea- 
fured I inch and half in circumfereocc». 
and 5 f«et 10 inches in height ; roanr 
of thu leaves neir a inches io vvidih, and' 
% feet io lergth, meai'aring from the 
joint of the llalk ; the root meafarcd- 
9 inches in circumference; and th« 
Ualks being. preflcd dole trgecher form-' 
cd a column of i foot circumference. 
The whole pro<lucc of il;is v^ondtfrful' 
cxertiou of nature amounts to 694^ 
peifedt grains of oats. 

The foil it grew in was ocar^v a bed. 
of lifted ccal->:fh'es, there be*. ng a very 
fmall quantity- Of vegetative earth mixed 

There wa^angther ^;alt;g«^tii^i^ x^c.%ac 


i4ifis Naiurit.^7be Star yiify.—MAfh Plantu . [Febi. 

duccd 92 buihels of wheat in the yetr 
1794. (70 lb. to the bufliel) ; and 
that Mr. Waring faid, the land being 
marled would have produced 20 hufheit 
inort per acre." If Mr. Holt iQctfns a 
fiatute acre of 160 perches, I fubmit it 
to your agricultural readers, tliat tbif 
is impoflible, and that he certiinly 
mud have been mifinforaked* C. S. 

the al>9ve» but did not advance to fo ra« 

Cd a growth, thoMgh, bad his net^- 
Mir been abfcot, would have appeared 
nonflroui. Yours, &C4 J. Lacked. 

Mr. UkBAN, ^al/mlf, Jsn. to. 

THE crow feen at Bowihorpc, by 
your correfpondent 3; is doubt* 
kit -m Lmfiii Nmitinti and I don't 
kpow why any one (hould be at the 

Skint of endeavouring to prove it a 
oyfion crow. That Nature fome- 
tioMt fports in thiv way is very certain ; 
few people have been in London 
thtt have not fecn the White African, 
whidH though whiter than any Eu- 
ropean, flilT retains the thick lip», 
fleecy hair, and every appearance (ex« 
cepc colour) of the Negro. I have 
fcenV 10 a coUeAion of curiofities, a 
white hedge fpirrow, (Currmca), a 
white lark, fAiatuts 'vulgmris) and a 
white blackbird {M*ruim vulgaris). 
In May lift I faw a youog rook per* 
feftiy white upon the nel\-trees of a 
fookery, belonging to Phineas HuCTey, 
Efq. Little Wyrley, near this place ( 
and .Mr. Hudey has now one preUrved, 
wbich was fliot there about 2 years ago. 
^ only mention thefc inilanccs to flicw 
that there was nothing douUtful, or, 
indeed very uncommon, in the com* 
munication made by B. 

In Pict-'a improved eciition of the 
Agricultural Report for StafTortifhire, 
the Star Jelly (Trem^Um NoSoc) is 
called a vegetable. I bcliere botanifls 
are divided in their opinion refpe^in^ 
this fubftancOb Dr. Darwin fays, '* it 
Is a mucilage voided by herons after 
they have eaten frogs." 

Mr. Pennant fpeaking of the Winter 
Gull (Britiih Zoology, vol. U. p; $3^) 
fays, << this kind frequents, during 
winter, the moid meadows in the in- 
land parts of England remote from the 
fea. The gelaiinous fubltance, known 
by the name of ftar ihot, or ftar jelly, 
owc;s its origin to this bird, or fome of 
the kind % being nothing but the half- 
di^cfled remains of earth* worms, on 
wnich thcfe birds feed, and often dif- 
charge from their -ftqmachs. 

I (hould be much obliged to any of 
your correfpondents who can inform 
roe what the generally received opi- 
nion IS, and vvhtcher it is fo (irmly efla- 
b'ifbed a vegetable as to juRify Mr. 
Pitt in giving* it the place he has. — — hisAgriculturi^lReport torLan- 
cafliire (p. 60), lays, that ** one acra of 
Utiiffcreni. Uod| %( JLoowfley, pro* 

Mr. Urban, Fth, y 

AS Dr. Withering hat adnntted 
fome fp^^ic* ><i^o his new ar*^ 
rangementof britiih plants, which haviB 
not hitherto been acknowledged na- 
tives of this country ; I beg leave^ 
through the medium of your Maga- 
zine, to offer a few remarks upon 

Irii XtpbiuMt infertfd upon the au- 
thority of Dr. Nafli in his Hi (lory of 
Worceftcr£h'>re, wherein he aflertv 
that the duchefs dowager of Portland 
found it by the river-fide near Flad- ' 
buryi and in other parts of that county* 
Qtj. Is not this the fpecies which Ge- 
rard mentions growing wild in the vi- 
cinity of Bath and Wells f 

The Iris GermMea^ admitted into 
Dr. Berkenhout's Synopfis, h very 
properly omitted by Withering. 

Epimtdium Afp'tnum, This Dr. W* 
has given upon very flight teftimony» 
and principally with the view of after- 
raining whether h is really a native or 
nor. It feems to have been conlidercd 
by OUT herbalifls and older botanifit 
as a very rare and curious plant. 

Cjclsmtw EmropiHm. Mr. Wood* 
ward hns a(rQred Dr. W. that this has 
been f^nd in Suffolk. In the time of 
Gerard, ic grew upon the mountains of 
Wales, Lincoin(hire and Somerfetfliicci 
hut, as it has not been difcovered in the 
fituations he menrions fince then, there 
is great reafon to fufpeft its legitimacy. 

Liucojttm ^^hfuwi. Mr. Curtis fi^ft 
found this in England growing by the 
river next Greenwich, as alfo m the 
Ifle of Dogs, Gerard enunrerates five' 
roots of Ltuctjmm (including the 
itjii'vum) all of which, he fays» " do 
growe neere unto the (ea fide about 
Colcheftcr, in the Ifle of Man, neere 
Prefton, in AuDderneffe, and about 
Wca chelter." . ' * 

Titiipa fyivi/ris was firft adopted by. 
Dr. Smith as a n.ituraliztd plant : there* 
is however no ground to entitle it to a 
higher rank m the Bii(i(h Flora. 

Lim9ta hremlii. However gratifying 
it might be (0 Britiih b'^ianMif to eiicem 


1797.] Dr. Withering*! ArrangeminK-^Nevf Spahstf Fungus, ^g 

thkelegiDt ^lant a natWc, ihere t« very relitive to this rare fungus will, on 

great remfoa to fear the authority on dcfirc^ be readily cocnrouDicated b^ 

which it it admitted into our Flora it ' Yourt, &c. p. P. 

notfufficieot to allow it a higher nation ' ■ ■- — 

than that of the foregoing. It it not at M r. Urban, FtB, 13* 

all improbable that in feme of the un- ^ I '*HE. verv feofible and ingenfont 

Hodden rccedet of (be Highiandt it may JL Kemai ks on the nvmet of fli^ps ia 

be found in a true natural Aiie. out Navy, p. 26^-30, ciil to mind a 

Thcfe are all Or W. hat tdroitted, former Correfpondeot on the fame fub* 
whofe authority appeart tt al! cubjous ; }e6t in p. 513 of your volume for 1781 ; 
and fliould the few remarks, 1 have in p. 419 of which the txception (no- 
annexed to them, meet your approba- ticed in p. 29, lafl note, of your taft 
tioot in a future number I will foHcit Mag.) relative to the rule of indiicri- 
your attention to fomc farther oDfer- . minately uiiog the perfonal pronoun of 
vationt— on the cryptogamouN plants of the feminine gendet in fpeakiog of flifpt^ 
Great Britain, at enumerated in Dr. it mentioned with approbation. In pb 
Withering't new Arraot»ement. 28, col. i. I. 24. fo** " Due RefpcA" 
Yours, Sec BeTAKK^B. we ibould read ** Due Repulfe;" and^ 
■ —I" - p. 38, col. 2, l. 55, for 179a, read 179 j« 

Mr. Urban, Fib, tt. Ot Mr. Sowden (mentioned in p.y« 

THERE are fcTeral of your readers col. a.) your laft Tolume contaiflt (ome 

to whom the fqflowtng information incereAiog particulars in p. 356. col. %^ 

will be highly gratifying, and for thit and in p* 385. 

reafon I beg you will give it an early In p, 52. col. 2. 1.48. after ^ monktP* 

infertion in your valuable Mifcellany. fliould be added, ** and againfi the reft 

In a late eacurfion I took for the of the Univerfity at being indolent ;** 

purpofe of inveftigattng 'the cryptoga* Dr. Kennicott otkerwile being repfa* 

mout produdions of the campagnaof fcnted at having been of MagdalcA 

London, I had the fucceft to meet wiih College, as well at Dr. Home, 
a beautiful non-dt(cript variety of the In the ** Index to the Elfayt, Ut/^ 

HutaUrimJhists, a maceraud fpecimen vo). LXVI. Part 11. under •* EurtpU 

of which mv £fter alfo gathered on ,ihe det" for ** Burgcfi" re'ad *< Egenon.'^ 
patet ol a clofe near Croydon. It divert In the lad page of the Index to Pan 

from the Kulmlafu^Jhmim in having a II* !• 4> from the bottom of c. x. for ay 

purptilh cup Audited with yellow tu- read 57 \ and refer to p. 11 13, col. i. 
berclet ; ftnd the capCalet afbacd to the Scrotatok^ 

interior margin by very fliort pedicles. * ■! 

It had been before difcovercd by an in- Mr. URBAN, Ftk tJ^ 

tclligent botanical friend of mine, on a T TAKE leave to trouble yoo^ 

dunghilf, in Epping Foreft t hot, at he -*- through the channel of yoar <x^ 

only fbund one fpecimen, conceived it • eellenr Nlagaaine, to return my fi»« 

10 be an accidental variation, occafioncd ^^^ thankt to your very fenfibic, I aia 

by the luxuriance of the (oil in which furc, and, I dare f^y, very woifhy 

be itaihered iu correfpondent Viator— that 1 bavt» 

There appears 10 me a fuffictent dif* ever tince the lecond day of thU. 

tindion for a new (jpeciet; and there- month, fat fupanily by a moft^om« 

fore beg leave to offer it at fuch under fort^ble fire. On the arrival of the 

the following title and charaAers. Gentleman^ Magaainc, if 1 aqi 

NiDVLA&iA^iNi2?4r«G9«f>if/^-. exter- reading any other book (fave the 

sally purple with yellow I ubcrcies, the took of God) I conftantly dole it$ 

capiulcs affixed to the interior margin, *nd, opening the Magaaine, inftaotfy 

which are pendulous. caft my eye over the bill offmrt. K<i 

Hoii/^r— on a dunghill ftcing the en* having any fmoky chimneyt/l did 

uaoc^ to the Moat-houie, on Epping not immediately turn to hit fetter; but 

Forcft, and on the rotten pales of a my eye happening to glance tm the 

clofc near Qakfield.houfey Croydon, method of lajiitg a fire, and, Tiavino. 

^^'•""i?^V .. - . "™*"y y***^* *K** •»■«' • Laocaihire 

Smaller titan xxxtjirtmtpi about one- houfekecpcr, who taught my tbim 

third of ao iJRcb high % very woolly on cook and houfe-maid to l^y their fire« ' 

theowfide, df a purple coloi ftudded in a very uocommonly-clc'rer v^avt 

withvellowi beautifuUynriaied within and the art being now loft m m^ U* 

of a dvk bffowB : the wplulet hanging mily, I began reading. w\vh i\xe ix^vi. 

ICifli the interior margin ot the cupt. tioo ic anmnh menu. >f\KloV% 

. An/ £utto nwiiff uifoitDmwk Itiut. When 1 Ud coacUAed \i^ \ 

f 6 Vittor'* tMi tf Hibti$ig fir<s atpirnm^kUfy MmMdii. [Ffb 

•rdtn^ mj ^itt liu^s hosle-fiiAtd 
(tlic44U{»Viicrof ■ worthy wooiMywiio 
lianrieci from my fAOitlyi) tp be fenc 
up to me. J thus addrelfed her— 
*^ idiif^ here it a l«tt«r in the Maga* 
»B€ for you."— ^hc, blufliing, models- 
ly rq^cd— •• it tmm'i be for me, Ma< 

. dhiai i it mttft bt for fooie womao of 

. ifac Cmoic oamc.'*— 1 defircd her co ft«y 
BBdhcArtti tc Icjifty that put which 

^i# could uttderAand ; at the conclufion 
^cfvrwK* t^t (he would the next mo! n- 
isg lay her fire ti;^ there direfied ; 
which I bad no dou^t of h«r doing, 

, Jbc iAhiritiag from hei^ mother a fin 

'•fAcriM&lflF^ obedience to execute my 
«nlort. I had fome doubts with re- 
|pi4 to my cook i but, at At hai been 

. aMorricdy »mI fo ^ ^•wrfi bteo Mcuf- 
tDfned to fA^, I rccommtndtd ic her 
alio to porfue the new method, but, I 

. •udcrftand from my owu ferrunt, not 
wkh like foccefs; for the khcbco^fire 
ia Uid HI the. way in which Ihc laid it 
fhinf ycora a^o, Aie not ccmcei? mg 
that e g0fiUm4fi #«« ktpvf b§mf $o tmy 

. Viator obferves, that ferfaatt are 

generally obftinukt i*— (b are^ frcqaeot- 

Xf^ mafiarc ni.-d miAtc0et, although 

•iMBtter educated ; and ferrauts muft 

BoeteiUhofe they feive of ihiir famiis, 

which the fifotrs muft fubmit to hear 

^very day. Ooe very good method 

el preventing that trooblefomv cxer- 

jiit to both parties is to tdutaii I'cr* 

Tants f that intake the children of 

eld 'iaftlffful f<rvsntt, whilft'lads and 

^latfts, into the fa(iiily« a«d let them 

W tfniued by eider krvanta in the 

J^0BkUf which would prevent many 

,ke«fe» being r€>bbed, many poor 

•crcatiMret ending their deceitful, their 

.Ui IcDgth doUful d<»ys, at tJtu gallons. 

money or his l4/e.| but Ibou tioci^d 
their inteetiofl of uniting them&lres in 
the bands of holy wedlock, aad, of 
courfe, quitting hit (ei vice ; they pro- 
bably sow keep a npminbiw publtc- 
houfe in the oeighbuu^hood of 6t. 
Gilts't. The excellent curioos 
fafteningi are waOed ou me, who have 
nothing to lofe ; but, as they n^tftlf^ 
m%^fd in the day at well as in the 
nit ht, ihould the horrid monfters— 
not of the deep, but from DiV^, ftc. 
penetrate to this inland ptirt of the 
kingdom, they might obftru£t their 
entrance long enough to petition the 
Baviour of linners to receive one's 
foul to the arma of mercv. 

But, to fvturn to Viator's me- 
thod of laying fir«s.-«I Tcniure to re- 
commeml it ftrongly, in thcfe very dear 
times, u wonderfully economical ; and, 
as I am an odd foct of being, that takes 
Ihtle upon truft that 1 can inveftigate, 
excepting what 1 read in the Bjck of 
God, it faVet about one-third of ihe 
Coal ufually confumed by laying fires, 
burns much more pleafantly, and does 
not become hollow if one forgets to Air 
them, as I ever do, ever have done 
through my whole life, and I dare fay 
ever fliall do, not having beta per* 
mittedro Air a Brc until I camt to^^^ 
oj difcfemn, 1 lirrer do ftir my fiie at 
all \ i'o frequently give my (crvant the 
trouble ot re-kindltng it twice iiuriag 
the day. But this haa never happened 
once fince Viator's method has been 
puriued; for which .1 here publicly 
oiler him my really- Itocc re and grateful 
acknowlcdgemeutsj hoping thacmanva 
on reading this in your Magaz^e, may 
be led to tiy the experiment. Had Via- 
tor's method required the purchaling 
any article that had coll only five (hil- 

AknoA ail the houles tbat are broke lings, 1 Ibould have done as I alwayt 

.ppeu and robbed, are by means of the 
^lffimn€9 ot dinShm of (omt fiervanr, 
fpho has quitted the family, or refides 
ii it, 4U was the ca(e of a gentleman, 
who ■ few years ago refided in the 
lioufe I now inhabit* Obierving, on 
my Brft comipg to it, that the windows 
were Iccured in a very iinguUv, and, 
1 niufl add, very uncommonly clevsr 
wgy, I was told, that it was an in- 
yention of the ^ntieman who had 
lately died in it; but, that he found 
be might have faved himfeif the trou- 
ble, as his houfe was broke open on 
the inJfJi by hia coachman and cook, 
who very kindly conuoted themfelvea 

do i let fome of my neighbours try the 
experiment Jirjli but here i^ not a fix- 
pence to be expcndcu, and I can allure 
you, Mr. Urban, feveral to be favtd. 
If I were Ma^nfi of the ntighbouring 
town» and Mr, Maj9f NOT « coml dem* 
Ur^ I woUiti beg him ro propofe to the 
Aldermen to prefent the feoftble, wor- 
thy, public benefador Viator with the 
freedom of the town in an eleganc^'/iwr 
box. As it is, 1 c<in only fay, that { 
perfuade myf(.lf, from the tenor of bis 
letter, tliat he will rejoice to hear, that, 
if tb^y arc wife, he has by it beneficed 
thoufands, and certainly, without any 
very grea^ fioek of wiCdom, one 

AacD Mation, 

f 6 Vittor'* M^ii y Ikying Firts ixptrimtliulfy t^mnnniii. [Feb 

•rdcrc4 My ^itt liu** hovfe-niaid 
(thed^ugVitcrof a worthy wooiMywlio 
inarried from my fAOiilyi) M be fent 
up ro IDC. J thus addreifed her— 
**Mary» here is a l«tKr in the Maga* 
siDe for you."— ^hcy blufliing, models- 
ly rcj^licd— <• it imm*t be for me^ Ma< 
dan i it mttft bt for fooie woman of 
ifac fume name.'*—! defired her co ft«y 
BBdhcartti at leaft, that pait which 
^ couJd imderAand ; at the c<*ocluHon 
^efiri»|{9 tliat Che woald the next mom* 
iDf lay her fire av there direfied ; 
which I bad no doul^t of her doing, 
, Jbc iahtritiiig from her mother a Jft 
•f AcriMfillflF^obedieoce to execute my 
crdera, I had feme doubts with re- 
gard M> my cook i but, as At hai been 
. aMorried, aad fo 9f fwrfi been Mcuf- 
tDfned to fiA^y I rccommandcd ic her 
alfe to par Cue the new method, but, I 
. nadcri^aiid from my own fenrant, not 
with like fuccefs; for the khchcn^fire 
la Uid in iha. way in which lh« laid it 
thirty ycnra a|to, Aie not conceifing 
that n g4miUa^pi r«« kupnv b§*w to Uj 
m kH€hem-Jir§ m$ mnll mi Jbi dusi 
^ Viator obferves, thnt ferfaate are 
generally obftfmtt i*— fo artp frcqaent- 
\y^ maAerc aud mt(lre0et, although 
•iNUter odncatcd ; and ferTanis muft 
Boeteilihofe they fei^e of ibtir famiit, 
which ihc fifotrs muft fubmit to hear 
•«very day* Ooe ?ery gciod method 
of preventing that tronblefome exer- 
joU to both parties it to edutaii Icr* 
Tants ^ that '\%f tah« the children of 
49ld faithful fervantt, whilft'lads and 
,]a&s, into the fanfiily« a«d let them 
W trained by eider krvaata in the 
.^ioie, which would prevent many 
koufea being robbed, many poor 
creatures ending their diceitfnl, their 
.ni langth doitfui days, at the galloxvt. 
Akno& ail the houles that are broke 
ppen and robbed, are by means of the 
^jffianۤ %aMrt3t9noi fome feivant, 
l»ho has quitted the family^ or refides 
ii it, as was the cafe of a gentleman, 
who a few years ago refided in the 
Jioufe I now iaha4)it. Oblerving, on 
my firA coiniog to it, that the windows 
wtre lucured in a very iingulas, and, 
1 muA add, very uncommonly clever 
way, I was told, that it was an in- 
yeniion of the gentleman who hsd 
lately died in it; but, that he found 
be might have faved himfeli the trou- 
l>Ie, as his boufe was broke open on 
the infid$ by hia coachman and cook, 
who vciy kindly contented themfelvea 
with hiapUieoniy, aoi Mtemp^n|; )ii§ 

money or his life i but loon notified 
their intention of uniting themfeives in 
the bands of holy wedlock, and, of 
courfe, quitting hit fei?ice ; they pro- 
bably sow keap a np^tabU public- 
houfe in the oei|(hbuurhtx>d of %u 
Gilts's. The excellent curioos 
faftenings are wafled on me, who have 
noihing to lofe ; but, as they a6(y/{f- 
mttvfd in the day at well as in the 
ni. ht, ihould the hornd mnnflers—- 
not of the deep, but from Ditpe^ he, 
penetrate to this inland part of the 
kingdom, they might ob(tru£t their 
cntiabce long enough to petition the 
baviour of 6nners to receive one'a 
foul to the arms of mercv. 

But, to return to Viatoii*s me- 
thod of laying fires.— I venture to re- 
comoiemi it flrongly, in thef'e very dear 
times, as wonderfully economical ; and, 
as I am an odd foct of being, that takes > 
little upon trnft that 1 can invefltg;ite, 
excepting what 1 read in the Hs>ok of 
God, it faves about one-third of the 
coal ufually confumcd by laying fires, 
burns much more pleafantly, and does 
not become hollow if one forgets to llir 
them, as I ever do, ever have done 
through my whole life, and I dare fay - 
ever Iball do, not having been per* 
mined to Air a Brc until I camt to }fars 
of difci^etnJt. I nrrer do Itir my fiie \\x 
all \ i*o frequently give my (crvant the 
trouble ot re-kindling it twice during 
the dav. But this has never happened 
once fince Viator's method haN been 
purlued ; for which 1 here publicly 
olFer him my really. fiocere and grateful 
acknowledgements; hoping that many, 
on reading this in your Magazine, may 
be led to tiy iheexpeiiment. Had Vta« 
tor's method required the purchafing 
any article thnt had coA only five (hil- 
lings, 1 Ihould have done ts I always 
do j let fome of my neighbrurs try the 
experiment Jirjix hue here i< not a (ix- 
pence to be expcndcu, and I can allure 
yoU) Mr* Ufban, feveral to be favid. 
If I vvere Mayrefs of the neighbouring 
town, and Mr, Mayor not « tomi dfim* 
Ur^ I woul(i beg him ro propofe to the 
Aldermen to prefent the fenfible, wor- 
thy, public benefador Viator with the 
freedom of the town in an eleganc^'/iwr 
box. As it i», 1 c<in only fay, that ( 
perfuade myfclf, from the tenor of hit 
letter, that he will rejoice tohear^ that, 
if tb^y arc wife, he has by it beiK6ted 
thoufands, and certainly, withoac any 
very greac Aock of wifdom, one 



. * 

StntMitg.f^?jjgj. ft.\fi.g-^ 


J 797'] OngMal LciUr from f^\: j'iJlU'CtUhraud }%tr, Loc'n?. (j-y 

Mr. Uk SAN, J'*"" 5* ^^ '*''* !''*•'.•'• *-''•" •''•'' -l'^''*-' n.rn'^ • ; :':<; 1 .fcr, 

TJiii tollouing letter of ih-; i;itMt y'>u .'I; »'.uv v^dl i. .c !o bl- ^ y^.x- : '.re 

H.ii good Mi.Lock< is '.n the hou.s fioni ri.n-..ii .n. b-fi-s, n r ,. - 

P .if^ili n or Mr . Fr.4iice« B, o»" «''»' ^'"' »•'-' ^^"» * ^' " •«i»'>^^'' ^^■'••■•^^' '•'^•■ 

1- . xl-n m Hivvkheill, K n?, «• linc:.! H= V*^^*-'"*' ""t »"»;•'=*••''<.'» R"« •» '•••'• •^' ■^ 

i!^ic ...' of John A:torl. ^14. ion *''* ^^ ^*"'' V,^*!^'*' »" '■^•^"•'' •' ' /'^ 

c . ..] J It I l' . i /ii.i; iirrniviii'.; ymi Uiiiveiu't not. on ; . m.'. :l 

c...n.plire, iitar An.ndel, i> j'.: x o ^^,... ^.^^ .^^,^,^, ^, airniancc, I iVuul Iv .;' J, 

V. n j;n it vv.^i addrtfled/ i) J . ^„;. ^.,^, .^_^. .,„,y j. . .^^ ^ „^,.^ j^ ; . ;,^,.^;j 

•* Sir, Cb, Cb. !-.'*%•• ■'•■^. V'Mf aicoili.t.. I-tt y.u a coiH' 

I H.ivc !i;t yet quite parrv.d yo.: ; .iSo.c He f.r..:iii..r/ lai :;, "• t «i*- y.muit 

aini t'o..-."'.h y »a'e p:rt o:t y ^ "" r;.»ui;f, .••'.•i-.*- V.jit la-i av'v..Mce V'*'. r:t'f te 11 : 1 t 

Vi..; ::!•.• :i>l yet 5 H bevoiiJ miv .iili-l-i-i i:s ii-'t P :')i.r \«;uj' Ji«'.:rg u; ..'. t'.v.^ 't-;-, 

IT c.':*.v.T tor you. Tis ':^." . a ri l-.c.nj', iu :i ;.*»mI I; », c.i j- •.. ./...r.; 

u:>v\ pill 1:1 ttlers and tut-Tf, .ii;J '.i is m..' \ a:rt>, t!i l ^w-^^ '-ne;..;^ ■•. :v 

a- c 

iio-.v tlj(r-r:»jtf ihai you ou:.',hi ti ' .. c i-.e Vc"t- '-t p'c » : hr.t lh« it- "r\ w .^5 

rrr.iter c.ire of yourlelf ; (lic-^ t' "j niu- rfjuilc'lri. I «• c k*? not i' • t* t^. ...r: 

t*nv';<«, or mifc.Mria.'jcs w*"«^'^ Iilmc:-. t j.'j y • • ' id. :'.V «.f ymr eli.i'.c ; fo*, ilu i 

V. »«iL'. luivc N'r'.n c'A.ifjTcd u;^"'j ' . r._, rlc'-os be rot vir'ur, it*- a r;rt;". i--'' •! - ■■•: 

\v::i s.ov, if aiy, iijiit w'i'>''v .;,-«vi \ »j, <'( t', ulstrcin !ye^ t S'*^-'* P'"'^ ■'' ■'••' '"-• 

^r'..^ y- j y »u'fcif mii'^ !»^ :juJm;^*i1.i''.'.c fol'.i 'mc iis.l r«ri.f'ni .f l:te. Is: "c r- .*.t 

f •; '»:'. • .• :r .i:*^oii- ; -ur will .i«iy K« ; r m.iM »:;.::nrnt cl ;?>'s !yts .< t;c...: pii' .■: 

:»rv/ i'.^i •. l!c ihaie in tViJ pra-'o rr »t." 'lire pru^I'- 'Cw', .'ii.-.l .t') ui n. -ly :. .? j" '..-.; 

111./ ilcft:rve. •Tv.i'l In; it:ne', nuitnkc ii n.-.-:; ; «i''.i'.i: li.c,- ..i-: c.'.rr 

t ■•. 

t •.- eJ\i:f, V'Mi n;).v hcc.M to lU'iik luu csv.ti-ous, tj ti o x:.!t'.c..w ».r' :•. it 

\ -M.^-.i A in ». , aii.l necojf.'.ry t::u y«*'.i yoix tiuow it ..v. . v ;;';i; y, y-.-.i o . y. . 

t....c ilic o.i.a;;^ of o"e. I iiie.n n ♦. fi:..!i £icat fupp:iiL, ..:!.•! n.t !.*•.»!. IT «.-.i 

.-. ^•»-:'.i.-"i as m V narue you on« ot lli(;lc Iijmo i'. : »o cl >:"i !■ , v 1 '.^o'e i' ;.• v! v •;;• 

< ■- m:i?. j».> tiiii itsjk .It rrhi'i" ; b.:t fir too. To I-j 'n- ? : •■ :i' t .• ! 

■^ r. .t, .; .. I'Lst niay defend and le. uic yo'..r I.'k'i.h), proviJonr .ku! p.u...-« .-t. t ■.■ ;.. • 

V.I".;:: ••.d rclijiJOM; tur. Ill C!ui World yoii l}v:i.:;"J uor.ii yoi.r tr.'lc" lu e» « • v .», 

Ij i m »'V 1 ».»!w«ng 1 ito, yau w.ll find psr- wli:-!: pcih.:js v-mi wiil Ivr-- i '. 

}:;,-. ni..r-- o;slc:.- Ti/nle upo \ yo;ir iiiii(»- ::vo''d»:n iliv. :.c\.r; rs nf t^;v:». ". . i 

i. •.. .• t'..\ 1 V '1 i-Ao ini.iti'ii- ; .'.:*..! :Ij :c.::e i ' .. !"• •" 1 1 .' •••;••- ;-':^< u: ■.• «,. . . :i 

ir j;»; t!.. '.'. .T.v.j- LH.'.'v.:. :h 1:1 Ki'Jic l.i.--. i.^.y h.-.'li m. •» ti •< .. I:.:". 1' .. J ; .1, -'t 

*.v - t. } I >«Ajr purfe, wlui Will c;;J'-.iVOi.r \«.«'jiti»: iicerc •..; 1...';' ni. '••i v. ■ ' 1 

I 1 ./) 'fO I ot t'.iat virtue whicli t'oey c.ire g:vc }o;i ilielc ;ul^ i.'.*,;.:5.. .!■ t* : »: ./. .. v- 

:.:.:. ■ tiiiifylvvs. I C:juU v'.i-ll you t! liial I iv.e j.t i, - a L.l. - ! •. ;... .0 

J. '.^ V '.':.'- :i^ never ti f.:U into fuuls com- ; > . w ■••t<» a tica*:rv. V.i ao i.i .••..• •>.: . w- 

I :• V. [;!'jr you a;- to live \',\ l;:is rliai ?jre i-. « 0: r.-ouc {or. i ■ ; ." .<> \ 

1. •• v.- )j1 i ; and, \v!":illi" f:*.!iertlic l''."r'.;ovt of to !;'';ke *in V:r wr.t-ii • I'f !'^ . • v! • .1 

\ .;r C' '.'irrv, or voar o.vii l'jfi:i.:rtf, fa; • ai^rh«MS. l.ct m-.i-os. s>,v -v '.! . i 

ji. .■.;'-i Vi'.r convcil.itio I witli mc:i <i.- tt.i''.. <->;:ii!ti!^ I ;*'i!n.v. r, "v, ;. . .:.: 

f :''»i;. , i^-ilr-p.-. tMisca'.:Moi Iv; n-.. .1- t'li-i. \ )u ; .'s v.;.'.: :•> I •,»• il*. ■..•,•. i 

i" .:. }<!.'. y '1 ni:ty wii:i:»'.l'l viur ; . .■: «' •.'.•. sly \'. i;'.i \ u '.^.■ll. V. .. • .- 

XV .S;;: ; •:.fV. c-umoi licnv vowr i.o.n/..:./ ; ].); pM»-..o'.» r.-..- :.•: '. ...n ».j.: .. •.! . ■ : 

-.1 ; jtJ'i :"i»'.y allow tliMic yoji* c v..;./, u«u»r, lui... 1 f. .• .•■ • " ■ , 
\. . >. ;» •!!• 'iy vvMi n -t d-.MVrv^ )«i':i- ...■ 1.- V0.1i i-.. i.ii.. .!..'•. ' •. .' ! • 

t :. I I .i"-; it ncvl'^t'? :\ s ; r^f/. :.. . : '>.:':: I. < ' 

r ••.I '... V'lU f.-oni v.c: ' r* •.>.•■ oS;.- .. \ --««*-. — 

^ • : !• .1' Ito. I '.vi.t- •.'•" :o I:it:. . . 1 »7 ;.•.-.»•»;;/•• i', ." *• .•.••.1 .•• . .' •..*. r 
\. •..:•. I /li! 11:, not 10 '■;.-..; ;,r»:, .j- v*. •. t' Ci'l'l.'. ••• '. . {^•.' " • 

:: .: :. t'.c im,- ^it- :i. ■•. . o: • x .... . ^^ .^; .^ ^ ^, . ^ . , 

«,: o .CI. p:-.;v.i;l ./-..ajil ; 1- t!;:. «. « 1 it? .,.:c:. .1. »'• o •. •.. ..-.,. i- 

. .■■^. ..vvi ic..Oi;j.:--.i c.^:-.-. I.'-,- ; ,,., ..I.. {«:. \v\. : .1.:. .. ■■ /^ 

; t ) I,. . W I li . 

«i » • 


; *}■'.': ni.iy c.'.::.i"".ly wiili ... »•••••. 
. ,.'..! - • iii«/yn»'!»il'. of i-.'i. : ai»i : '. 

■ . '• :..■.»•.. tit 0|MI1I0':, It I :« -J". . ..* • 

.-.;.; •'.iV.of,- i t«) ■..' r . I'.i.. •.»- '* '"•■- \ "' •*•■■"■' ""'■'•' »*-''i 
li..*. J"., ..cil.iiiily, .1:1 .'li •• r ;i'>».'"';.s f •.••'<-• ■p-*|!'-C-.;;. 
.!• v."i :;-.•»! rh;*; vi:ii-, :•:•!.; ar ^\\:i> '.«i.! I;m;;!s..u hid 'ol 

O 6 N ••'•»<•<. I* ■'. .'.il'. \\ 



C9mmKiig $ii tif$ mi Writmg^ •/ Copemiciis« [ Feb, 

trulf grtat wU ort^val gtaiui pofldM 
AwtBMDttical frtttcipl«t«th«e art ifcrt- 
btd to bi» fucciibrt, Ib ^omctriaa 

Imprtfltd «rich thu Bouoot tad ac« 

nieni and his pupil, from which he has 
besn abit to re^ify many miftakes con- 
cerning him both as a matliematician and 
|lbiloCopti«r» and'thdf he is engaged in wrtttM^ 
«* meatmi vf him mnd bit dijcweticu 

wrote to ms rntM jooB jicriiouin» , good geometer who wiU have ci 
the yooogcr, gt Bcrlie, lotrcacmg of ^ jn the peculiarities of Copcmicu*, or 

knowledge of them { and 1 prefun>eTcfla« 
nek will treat the fuhjeA ew amore." 
** Mr. ]onv Bb&movlli toibeEarlof 

that learacd man lo caquire if any pa 
ptrs of Copernicus could beohtaioed 
at Thora, or elfewhere, whence ma- 
terials might be furnilhed for exploring 
themeritaof the re ft ore r of the true 
fyftem of the univcrfe. 

M the fame time» Lord Buchan in- 
formed the learned Profcflor of Natu- 
ral Pbilofophy at Edinburgh of thefe 

" M. le Comte, Bcr/itif le 24 Mat, 1 794. 

*' J'tt eu Thonneur, My Lordi de rece- 

votr V06 deux lettres du 10 Mars et da 19 

Avril. Comme la 1* n'eiigeoit pas one 

prompte reponfe, voos pardonnerez queje 

^^ -, . . ....^ qui pooroient .»« .«w».w «..«.— .« 

Hate of Europe has prevented that cor- ^^ ,j^„„ j^ rcnfcignemens que vous 

rcfpondeoce with Geimaey, and «hat demandcz. 

tranquillity of mind, fo indifpenrable <• J'ai parcouniattentivemeot telivrede 

for foHowiee out and attaining the Teflanek que vous m'avez iodiqe^, et jc 

objects ncccflary for the elucidation of puis avoir I'hooneur de vous affurer, My 

the dtfign. t^otwithftanding thefe cir- Lord, que, ni dans la Preface ni ailleurs, il 

cumilances, Lord Buchan does not de- n'eft fait mention de cette'correfpondance 

fift from hoping, at a more favourable antre Copemic et foo ^leve dqnt vous par- 

luoauie, to refume his enquiries con- *«», ni d'aucun defftin que TeOanek ait 

cerning Copernicus 5 and, with a view •« ^ ^^^ quelquechofe fur U vie et les 

to call the aitcatioB of ihofe in foreign dents de Copemfc. 

iw won »M* .^okfl;/*- ^f «?tf " B «ft pas moms certam que Tefla- 

y * 

materials for the literary life of Copftr- ^,^J^ ^ ^^ .^j ^^{ ^^^^\ 
nicuf, he has thought It expedient aad ^iqy,, jmndesT 

proper to pablifh •Mr«At •» the cos re- a q^^ demiere circonftance m'a ea- 

fpoadence which moft maunally ex- gigd encore i chercher dans tout Beriin 

plains his views with rafpcd to this les dfrnien volumes des m^moires de la 

loftrefting lubjeft of enquiry. SocTdt^ de Pn«oe, efpdrant d'y troover 

« To the EmtI 4 BocBAir, frem Frvfrfir 
Robinlon 4/^Edinbargh. 

^ Edinhagbf jlpril 2, 1794* 
<' The writings of Cop«rnicus only ferve 

Jm /hge, et dans celni-ct qoelque notice fur 
les papiers qu'il doit avoir pofledes, et les 
pfujets qu'il doit avoir forme> relatifs 4 U 
vie de Coper nic, mais ces demiers volumes 
n'etoieot pas encore dans la feule biblio^ 

to ftimulaw tlw curiofiiy of mathemati- theque oil j'ai irouve quelques volumes 
cians ; becaofe, in thefe lie has thrown fe- je fes m^moires puhlies avant U mon de 

veral (pedmcnsof geometrical refinement 
without giving any iofnrmatioo of his 
fources ; and it would appear that be was 
In poffeifioo of fome mathematical princi- 
ples that are ufually tliought to be of later 


** There is, or was, a Mr. Teflanek, a 

Tefliuiek. Quand i I'edition que cei ha- 
bile homroe avoii cummencd de donncr des 
principesde Newton, et dont ii a public 
feulement les detix premiers volume:* (cii 
4to), il ne vaudra pas la peine de vouv Us 
envoyer, puifquM n'y a rien qui puiiTe 
fervir, qu'e'le n'a pa'i cii adievee, et (^u'll 

defcaodant of the nobleman, who was pnpil gft alfez dirticUe de fe ia pi-ocuicr dc 
to Copernicus, and had great veneration p^igue." 

for him. This gentleman poblUbed, fume 
years ago, a Commentary on the firit book 
of Sir Uaac Newton's Prinei^m (a very cu- 
rious work, in which lie Ym aimed at tra- 
cing Newton's own Invefbgation of the 
diflcrent propofitions), which i have feen, 
And think very h*gh^ of« He fays, in Ijis 
Vieface, that he is in poflbfflon of many 
pa{>ers of correfpondence betwien Coper- 

Difcouragcd by thedifturbed ftate of 
Europe, fo hoftile to every bltlfing of 
humnnity, and particularly to a tree 
correfpondence among nations. Lord 
Buchan has been forced to fufpend his 
enquiries concerning the papers and 
letters of Copernicus, from ivhich he 
hoped to have been able to elucidate 


^f^7*i Cneerning th$ Lifi and If^ritingi i/'Copernicut. ^9 

geaint ud the* pbilofopfaicBl merit ** Mon chanoint it troiivoic par hazard 

of that great founder of modern aftro- habiter rapfMrtement do Ctfemit : il &*oa 

aomy, and 10 fliew that hit fame ought ^»»f*>'* honneur, et m'iftnta i f mooter. 

Boc to be circurofcribed it an expoun. . " Audeffusdei chambrcsondioaires pour 

dnr of the dreamt of the aotionct. but J* dcmcure en eft nne autre, qo'il ticnt 

exunded to the full limitt of hit fclen. ™ f^/Jf f*^J!Il ^^ [^^'^> .« q«« 

tifio difco^er.e. of our (olar fy ftem. ^SL^T*^ ISS^ J^t nZ'^^ 

The ftme excellct BeraouM, of ^^^*» ou peut^re pemt plut nomreWo. 

Berlin, writca rhut to the Earl of u c'eft id qu'eo jnuit d'ooe tr^ ballo 

Bacnan t - Y„e^ que cq grand homoie Eaifoit la plof- 

** En 17779 1'^v^qne de Warmie, que je part de fcs t>bfervations i er, qua^d il a¥«4t 

rencontraa dsint fabbaie d'Otiva, pr^s de befoin de let faire en pkin ait, il aUoit fur 

l>MitBtg, me dit qu*il avok eu le pbtfir de une petite terraife, cm gaUerie, qui fatt 

ddcouvrir, dant fa cathddrale k FrautHkurg, communiquer cette chambre avec le clo^ 

lecombeau kmfterot 'gnor^ deCopern-c chcrvoifin. Von*: comprenez, Milord, U 

En pnflant moi-m^me I'annie fuivante par Cttitfadion que j'ai <l(k refenrir, de i|os 

f nuenhonr^ pour me rendre en Rufliey troaver en bon air. dans ce lieu elaffiqne et 

je n'eut rien de plut prefl<6 dant le couit Ctcri, et pourquoi j'ai neglig^ la pierre i)6«> 

fqjour que j'y fis que d'aller i la cath^rale pulchrale, n'ayant plut de temt de rede*, 
jwur m^informer de ce tombeau. Je ne ^ Pi ds de la cachddrale, mon chanoine 

connniiTois perfonne, mait j'acoftai un me montra encore un grand baflKn^ avec 

thsinoine, doDtlaphiiioonrnteroerevenoit, une haute tour, qui contient lei rtAat 

ct quien ellttletrouvatriscomplailaiit. d*une machine hydraulique rrmarquabley 

** 11 me dit^ qui^ pour Tendroit meme mait ddrang^, dont en attnboe I'lnven* 

fA 6!oient let «« de Copemic, on ne poo* tion i Coocmic. EUe fervpit a diilnhuer 

Toit pat le dire, parce qn'on mettoit let I'eau dant la demenre trit ^v^e des chi^ 

corcueilt det chaiioinet ddc^d^ dant nn nomc5| qui font ohlig^ i prelent de U 

caveau, oft d^nt la fuite on ne pomroit pint faire cherwher d'un endroit hat dant la 

let diftingoer let ant det autret. t^qaat i ville. 

la pierre ttpolchrale, c'^c^ on pent mo* *< J'ai 1ft, dant un vieiix jonmal Alle* 

miment de Marbre eomme on irigaoit anfli mand, que la bibliotlieqne de la viidito 

a d'aotraa cbanoinet avec la couite in? Tille i Kinig^frg onnicrva let liTrey, prin* 

icriptioBy cipalement de machdiaaiiqoe, que Copernic 

JftC' Offemiegs 7itt(fmn^)» a bi(M avec -fon pciTtrait ( ilt avoieiit i\€ 

Que cette pierra i6toit cacH^ pefii)ant nn achct^s k Tlfom, oft .ipparenunent ilt a- 

ceram temt, cnAuce retrouvee, et plac^e iroient palT^ dant fa f^millov^ qui vert 1710 

dans U laUe de cbapitre, tn attendam qu'on occnpoit encona la roaiCon oft il iStoit nd." 
pefti lui affigner un place plut cnnvenahlfii In t^e ^reat thureh at Thorn there 

Je regrette braocoop m^tt'nam de n'a- j, , cenotaOh o4 Codernicnt, of which 

Toir pat infift^, ou eu le ioifir .!e me fiiire j^^,^ ,, a defer piion -nd an engraving 

I^J^i ^* £':^I?J«*;ilMrJ?ii:: "^ *« Ha.tkn«ch't bhtonidet M Pruffiaf. 

partie de rHilcription ne foit eflricee, ou ^. ^r» -^ :- r ^ i • 

^ mon chanoini n'aic parle d'uneTutre r^•'•;[^^^P*"''?*• " reprefented koeel- 

pierre, foo r6cU ne I'accmde pat avec ce "*r ^*^* ^^ *^"*^»» '^e att.cucfc .f a 

.qu'oo trouve c'ant Gaffi^^ qui dit, p. 315, P '«« Hhcutir ^ before a crucifix. Be- 

^ner^v^que AUrtiuCramtr (biftotien Po. *<»«' «*> P 'rr.i»it pre thef lie s : 

ioaob celebre) fit erigev, i rhotmenr Ue ** Non parem Paiili gratiam { reqiiiro 

iCopemic, umam taiuiam mmnmrtamy avec J^enimn Petri ncqne |K>iCft, fed qoam 

^te iofcription t In crucit l:go» dedenit lattom 

D. O. M. Sedulut oro." 

R. D. Nicolao Copernico^ ^^^ 1^,^^^ ^^ ....^ infcriptinn i 

medecit/s dodtcri Nicolao Copermco Thorumcnfi abfo- 

canonico Wannicnfi, luiafubilratw m:»»he;i.i,tico, ne tanti vUi 

Bfjcrtanti aftrologo, et *P"*' cxtei-os cclebb. in fua paina neiirct 

ejus difcipUnae *"' "*" ' » ^^*^ nionumeutum pofuum. 

inftauracori Mi>rt-V imiae, in fuo canunicata, anno 

Martinut Croroerut, 15 43- d - 4 X. aeatis lxxih/' 

eptfcoput Warmienfjs, — 

booiirit et ad (>oftentacem * C' arming anert t tc, firo|)Iy aiul bc-u- 
memonse c^ufa pofuit tifully na-r-reJ. Mr. Bernoulli, jn hit 
M D. LXXXI. iMtm Jur (Lgerem Sujen^ h^s adorned hit 
n aioute, que ce fot 36 ans apr^ le mort travel-^ in 1774 and 1 775 ai the fame agr ce- 
de Gopermc, mail eela nc s'accorde pat able manner. 

fftfcladate Ij8z» f Hattknoch aUetundnCDesPreufien. 

j Sic I Edit. 

JOO Cenarmng the Life and fVritlngs $f G)peroicu5. [Feb. 

' Laniy» Bt the clbfe i 

<< Nicolans Coperncus., Thoruntnfifi 
ft\dX\\, celeb."' 

It was Melchior PyrncGus, M. D. 
who died in the year 1589, uho Ci*u* 
fed this monument to b«t «reSed \ and 
Hartooch obferves, char, howtf'Cr in« 
confiderabie, it has this additional in» 
terefl, in containing alfo, immediately 
coniii'^.\ed wiih the cenocnph, ■ buft of 
John All>ertus, kinfr of Poland, below 
which there is the foiloiving infcrip- 
tion ; 

'* IU'.)fl|-is princeps et dn. Joh. Albertui^ 
Pola rexy apopiexia hic Thorn, mortuus 
anno i^oiy die 17 Junii, ztit. 41. Oijus 
viCcftra hie (epulta, corpore Ciacu traiiilato. 
lie;. 4ono viii." 

There it no print of this buft in 
Harrknoch, who informs us, that ma- 
ny copies of the cenotaph have been 
•m^dr for Frenchmen ; hut the print tn 
iJUcq's edition of Gdflendi's Life of 
Copernicus .has been copied from a 
different porrrair. 

Mr. Bernoul!iy in the intertfling let- 

From this drawing his lordibip had 
a bud modelled by Mr. R. Cummint 
at Edinburgh ; and a caft from it ia 
now io the cbapter-houfe at Dryburgh 


Mr. Urban, Dn, 10. 

THE ftraiajsein of affixing indecent 
words to the facred tunes, dearcft 
to the Romilh fuperftition, was carried 
into complete e£fed in the infancy of 
the Rfformatioa in Scotland. « The 
furtous hatred of Popery (fays B fliop 
Percy) led the Prefbyteriaas to employ 
their rhymes in a raoft licentious man- 
ner. It is a icccived tradition in Scot- 
lantl, that, at the time of the Reforma- 
tion, ridiculinis and obfcene fongs were 
compofcd i« be fang by the rabble to the 
luoes of the moft javouriie hymns in 
the Lat:n fervice. •• GrtinflttVts mmd 
pudding pies^** dcfigned to ridicule the 
P^^piOi clerjgy, is faid to have been 
.one of thele mttfrmorphQfed hymns « 
** ¥^gR*^ LtLUdir'* Mas another: **JobM 
Andttjot /"jj*" 'was a third. The laft 
mcmioued bailkd evidently alludes to 

ter to Lord BucUan already quoted, •"»»'•"""« "«•"« eTiocnuy aiiuaes to 

talus nosice of tb.s ciicumftance, and '^* ^^^ ^'""^^^ ^•''?'!l"'i '^t^*"* ^^ 

' the Prottfiant church." (SeeReliquet 

continues thut: 

« ti , t- ji 11 £--. tr ^^ Attiient l^oetiy, Vol. U. Book ii. 

" II n'y a tp-ii d'ailkurs parfaito reflam- .p.,^_ . x ^k* iJ....^ ^ « «. ». 

., ► 1 ^ . ■• T . ' 1 I e rotm t*) Ine learned editor Elves a 

blince encrelorrArirait, prefcrta a La Sq- . ^« 1- -. j n. ^ . . 

' ' o ,11 I r -. m very lingular anecdote connected with 

ciee Roya c dc Loiuirts par fu moii bgn . r x • a ' t» - ,)r ^^""^y^^^ wnn 

lyale oe i^onurts par 
ami le Dr. Wolf, et cela de Hjtrtknocb. 
Dans celui de Haitknodi, U chevelure ell 
b^.mcoup phi'- ^parfe et diftanie, dcs deux 
cotes lie la tete, que I'^iuire : vous i e- 
marcinciez lur ce (ujct, Miloid, une 
gramic faiite u^n^ FiDii-ription, qui 1.1. t I'ue 
Coi>crnic moiiMiC xt. |.xxiii. Car il ''X 
'certain quil mourut, age de lxx ans [le 
4 Mai, 1543*]-" 

The poitiaitof Copernicus fent by 
Dr. Wolf, of Dantxig, to the Royal 
Society, was copied fiom the original 
in the podefTion of the chamberiain 
PI'^lTarztvifki ; which portrait Was for. 
ii'.eilT io the palace of Saxe G> tli4, 
and ext.liiingcd by the duke with the 
Prince BiOiopof Waimia for a po;trait 
of a duke of Saxe Goiha, one of hit 
anccAois, who had been bi(hop of 

, From this copy, in the poflTcHRon of 
the Lloya! Society, the ingenious Mr. 
Paike formerly, Mr. Valentine 
Grtcn, of London, made an accurate 
drawing on an exa£t icale for Lo.d 
Biichrin f , 

* As I)eeQ fliewii fr'ni tlie touib at 
i^f auenboui g. f Sve r/aie L 

his fubjr6). He obferves that •* the 
llaptation of loUnnn church»mufic 10 
thefe ludicrous pieces, and the jumble 
of ideas thereby occafioned, will ac- 
couLt for the followiog fad. Fiom 
the records of the Geoerai AOembly 
in Scotland, cniiiu^ed, *« The Book 
o^ the Lniterlal K ik," p. 90, 7th 
J ily, 1568, it appears, thn Thomas 
Batftndyne, printer in EJinburghy 
printed << ane pr4lipe buik. in the end 
whereof was found printit ane baudv 
fang, Cilltd, •« Welcome Fortunes.'* 
(See alfo Biograph. Biitann. yo\, I, 
p. 177, i'\ cdiuon.) 

A practice diametiically oppr.fite to 
this prevai ed in Italy abcut a century 
bcfoic. If W4S then ((ays the biogra- 
pitcr or Lurenzo de Medici) a general 
cuflom in th.-it countty to fing pious 
hymns to the moii prophane and popu- 
lar mtlodes, foi the purpoft of ftma- 
l.ii«'^ the languid piety of the perform- 
ers by an aflociatioa with the vivacity 
of fenftiai enjoyment^. In an antient 
collcAion of lauds, or hymns, piintcd 
at Venice in 15 11, feveral of thefe de- 
vout p«ccci aic difc^cd to be lung to 


'797*1 ^''"' nffihifi^b Poems puhtijbid in thi Name ^/ Beza. f of 

the tir of Bern vemfm iHmfgh*^. Thut every allowance For t^e licenti^pfncfk 

the hymn Giefk fomm§ ,Hhti§ is ^uo^ to o/ the a>!e, and of the m *nneri of > he 

the mufick of LigfimJrm t/mm'^elfm : Court, a'non^rhe P (ireftanr members 

Oifpt fi^miwt§rir4 lothnt of ya<^athfl» ef which (Tee VVr<ix«S|'* Mem>>!* of 

im, $ gentiUi Gtnttria^i Dio to of the Houf'e of Valoi:) Thco^ )re H ec 

D9k€ Mmimmmwa : and Croct^ff a eapo xvns held in liizh el^iniition, ir U iro* 

rAnif to that of Una D§mnm if am§r fino, poilihie to rrc^f.n'ZK their au:hcr.:ici:v, 

one of the moft indecent pieces among i\iihout riving up (heir autitor to a. 

1^€ Csm%§ni m bmtio, cen'ure ;'.iroiinrsn<^ nfHily fj ab''-*i**e 

I cannot help rufpe^«ngf, M*". Ur- condemm:t!.»!i. T ■.:' pi^h.iflier t f »hc 

ban, that the P^pifts, who (uffrrtd as [ Leyden edirinn (iZ'Y».>. 1737) -i.! ria 

mcn'ioned 10 the outfet of thfs letter, indeed one (.ifX tif !•> tie conrro .er t in 

frMn the adroit ftratagem of theCiU this d fcuni ^n Hv- f.i*s th^r. mi *he 

^Hiiftf, were not a 'together without the year 1599. h thir^l -,<): inn of .'I'-f'e 

ant' ef taking their rcfenge. In poe^i was p<jl;':ff<.rd, pe h-i^i tmder 
the fear 1548, when the cekbmted theeveof Ber- iis'irirff, f|> ns - -j !• v.iru* 
frhn>dore B«za firft openly profeffcd c4rfTnp«iai giiirrc 1..C'j; ^- t\ ht, «|i«« 
Calvimftn, a: voiume of pocmi was dc'imc »n idT'ion 1>\3S iivcrioribii^p/ir- 
tiubliQicd, under hi$ name, of the ni.»fl rttas inteim eanat m'nui ca/i^s, quit im 
indecent and rcprehcnfihle nature, fuch iilii rtperiuntut \ u.i ie €onje£iari licet, 
ai the witty but obfcene inu^e of Ca* ab ipfo ai^oie j^ip nim canulari fene 

tullus himlelf C'iu:d fcjrcely equyil in polterioreni banc foyf^ fuilfe caftif^a* 

foiot of ribaldry. Sure y, Mr. Ur- lam. This t<iiid t'iri 'H, in which. 

m, it was, humanly fpcakini^, im- the excepu.>niblc pi«e ns are omitted^ 

polfiblc that this f'ubcle theohgian was the only genunie 'vnrk ; if even 

would have voluatarily committed his this indeed hiS an urMou ved claim to 

chtrM^cr in fuch a mzuntr ai tbi vtry authenticity, a circumiUnic evidently 

momtnt when on the fan^ity of it fo deemed fufpic^ous ov i($ ^dtior. 

much depended. The ohjtt6>ionab'e Another objc^H n of f'ome impor* 

parti o( this compoficion muft either t:ince anfes from t!K pla:t whsre the 

have not been written by rhe celebrated firll rdit-on of Bcz.'s poc n was piib* 

tranflilorof the NcwTeftamcnt.orthev Jilhtd, as well -^sf rem tiit time of t^eir 

niuft have been publi/hed by kts tnt' publication. Ti?y wcie fditcd ».: Pm' 

eiiVf for rhe moil hoftile purpofiis, (rum rUt A. D. 1546. *' Eodem viJcIicec 

copies he had unguardedly dillrihuted anoo quo, anium atf^ns aet-^tis vit^eH- 

in hit youth. The publilber of the mum uoouni, Bezi, li^y^rr/tfrdvi/^rrr//- 

edition of cheff poems, which (atclf ^ionis^ in c^ffrt advei i-iriorum traos« 

f<ll into my hands, (himfcif uo frtcnd tugi nuncju^m redrurus cxcefiit" 

to the religioua principles of Beza,) A very clegani bull of the author ia 

lecmi in hii preface to allege ihe age prchxed to *he Ley den edition, cxe- 

of the author at the time of writing his cutcd iu i.niidtion of the antique ca« 

poems as an rxtcauaiioo of their evil meo '^. 

tendency : qu4e q-.tidtm carmina, cum 1 confefs that I have only intertial 

msres fUJi'Ot quoHtioqut minus Jttptant, evidence lo urge in fup^rt of my opi- 

juViM^Um qutaam tHicnpi^rtf tanqaam a nion • but that intTunl evidence ap- 

Bi%d Jit tttt juv*nt nondumque matmro pears to m: to be of very con6derable 

ptr iajevutam Jadiiatm i and even this weight and importance; and, as the 

lialf -defence the editor htmftif after- manneis of nicu vary but little from 

V^ardi nmlicuufly invaiidaies. age to age, I may be permitted to re- 

I have no fcropte, Mr. Urban, to mind yojr readers, in confiimaton of 

pronounce the whole of thefe indecent what h>2» bten I'lid, that we have feea 

poems to be a moll atrocious forgery, in our times au interpolation, different 

and a libei on the char^^ler of the man in its n it j*e, but perhaps equally re« 

M^hofe n.^me they bear. After making prehenfiule, oy which the pious and 

# Tuc rca-ler will find th.s ht.ut.fal J^»»»^^°>^ l^'^^c W.rt. has been, to 

IclylLum at fol! length in the firft volume ^«'^.' '^'^ purpofcs of a pamcular party, 

of Mr. KoluKj's eutcrt4iijing work. It ^n^-* ^^' Ipeak, in n.s Divioe Songs, 

l^pi^ the bnguuge of the Socinian herefy. 

Ben Vengi Maggio, This comes nearly to the cafe in point, 

E'i geiif/lon (elv.-jjg'O, 

£en vcoga Pri-naveiu, &c« * We have given a fac-fimile of il in 

Appeuaix> No. xii. p. 131. V!uu L Euit. 

101 An Infcriptlon if Shenftone.— L/f//ri V* Robert Herrkk. [TAk 

and may perhaps tend to fBidead tht 
fiiidenct of future ag;ts. 

It m^y, U(lly» be not an unfound- 
ed obieryation, that there it an evi- 
dent tarietT in the compoHiion as welt 
at the fubie^-mattcr of the pure 4nd 
impure poemt contained in this cdi* 
tion. The interpolator feems to have 
bad a more poetical, though a left mo- 
rat, turn than the reformer } and wit 
hat been in this, as in too many other 
inftances, the clofe ally of wickednefs* 

I have only thrown out thefe hintSt 
Mr. Urban, in hopet that the fubjeft 
^ill be taken up more ferioufly and 
more fcientificadv by Tome other of 
]pour correfpondents furniflicd with 
more documenti, or better able to do 
it jttfticcy than myfelf. £. £. A. 

Mr* Urban, HaJa (^wtn, Fih^ 4« 

THE following infcription I copied 
from a fmall M5 book of poems, 
&C. written by ihe late Mr. SUenftone, 
of the Leafowes, mod of which have 
never been publiflied. The me'ofed 
was undoubtedly intended for his old 
faithful houfekeeprr, M. Arnold, fa- 
cetiouily mentioned in Letter II. of 
his Works, Docifley*s edir<on. rA^ a 
literary curioAry, I fli:ill be glad to (ee 
M in your entertaining Magazine. 

'' Hunc jiixta locum 

mortales Aii exuviis 

a.xx annorum invid-^ 

landem dilaceratas 

placid^ depufuic 


amtcum mancipium domino 

frugi quod At fatis." 

Yours, &c. D. S. P. 

' Mr. Urban, F/A. 6. 

FROM fome authentic documents 
which I have lately feen, 1 am 
able to ftate that Anthonv Wood wat 
under a miftake when he fuppofed that 
Kobert Herrick, the poet, wa« cither 
of St. John't or ^W Souls at Oiford. 
He fpeaks indeed with hcfitation on the 
fubje^li which implies that he encer« 
tained fome doubts. (See LXVI. 461)* 

There was a Robert Hcyrick of St, 
John^s at Oxford, who was in'ended 
/or the law; but, quitting that ft udy 
for a more a£live life, died at Wefel, 
a lieutenant in the army, in 1639. 

Robert, the poet, wat a feliow-com* 
moner of Sc John's college, Cam* 
bridge from 1615 to 1617: in which la(l 
year the fallowing ««'# 0/* ifr«*i/ of hit 
occurs^ now uanli^ribcd to ikew the 

forms of that age, and the abfurdity of 
fome which have lately been pnblifhed* 
'< Be it known to aU, that I Robert Hey. 
rick, fellowrcomnioner of St. John's col* 
loUg in Cambridg, acknowle<(g royMf to 
ftand indeKted unto my uncle, Sir WilU 
Hearick, of London, knight, in the fomf 
of teon pounds, for ib much reoaaved of 
himi tobarepayed unto him at all times* 
I Ctye, receaved teoo poonds, by me, 

RoaynT HiAiicK.'*. 

The early part of hit'perfonal hif. 
tory will alfo be illoftrattd by tbt tmm 
following undated letttrt to bit uiide: 

I. '* After my ahundaot thanka for yoilr 
laft great loue (wofthie Sir), proud of yoor 
lauoure and kindiiefs fliewoe by my Ladie 
to my vnworthie felfe, thus I laye open 
my felf ; that, for at mtich as my continue 
ance will not long confift in the fphearo 
where I now move, I make- knoytrn mf 
thoughts, and modeflily crave your oouniell 
wlicthcr it were better for me todire6l my 
Ihidy towards the Laweor niit| which if 
I fhiHild (as it will not, be impertipcnt), I 
can with facilatie laHoure myfelf imo ano* 
therCoUedg appointed fur the like end and 
Hudye, wh- re I aduFe my felf tho charge 
will not be fo great as where T now exift; 
I nrnke bold freely to acquaint you with 
my thoughts { and I entreat you to an* 
fweare me; this beeing rooft which checks 
me, that my time (I truft) beeing ^lort, 
it may be to a le(fer end and fmaller pur. 
pofe ; but that (hal be as you (hall lend di- 
region. Nothing now remaines but mv per- 
fea thank fuilnefs and remembrance of 
yoor hopeful pi nmifes ; which when Hea- 
ven, working with you, (hall bring tbein 
to performance, I ihall tiiumph in the 
viAorie of my wilhes ; till when, my pray- 
ers (hall inuucate Hevven to powre vpoR 
you and your poAeriiie the vtmoil of aU 
eflTcmiall happioefs. Yours, ever fervice- 
able, R. HiAtiCK." 

z. " Sir, rnnilie Hall, 0am, 

** The oonfiJence I hau^: of yoor both 
virtuous and generous difpofition makes me 
(though with fome honcft reluflaiion) the 
leldomer to Ibltcite you ; for, 1 have fo in- 
oorporated befeef mto me. Hut 1 cannot 
chu(e but perfwade my felf that (thouglT 
abfent) I ftand imprinted inyourmemoriei 
and the remembrance of my bft beeiiig at 
London ferud foraneameft nM>tive (which 
I truit hves yet unperilht) to the eifeau- 
ating of my dt^ne, which is not hot in mo« 
defty ambitious, and coofeqoeoUy virtu- 
ous : but, where freeneis is evkient, tbero 
needs no feere for forwardne&; aod I 
doubt not (becaufe fayth gioet hoMo«(^ 
but that Heauen, togeither with yoor &l^ 
will bring my ebbing eftate to an indifie- 
rent tydei meane while 1 hope I hgpe (at 
1 prelume you know) chapge d my Cottedg 


1797*1 Robert Henick !&# Pnt. — Hintt towards « P#(i//-Flora. 103 

feroMwhtrtdieiliantkieofexpence wil hit grsmimm defy the Ubouri of the 

bft Ihartoed, \ff retibii of the |>riiucie of boumcal fludenc in his clofeft ipplica- 

the boafe, where I purpof« to liue re- ijon ? It was the very difficulty of af- 

dafo tfflriin* coitfria me to fome other ceriaioing plants by the mcthodi of 

poo^c. This is my defire (which I en- ^""^" ?f *"• '^^^'^^ fy«*"»- ^^ 

Mr may be p-foind), that Mr. Adrian *>" «"«;"« *^yo»<» J^] P«^^'", ^^ ^' 

BteiM, bookfeDer, of the Bbckfrycn, ^'"J^. J *>"? «h« method he purfqed was 

■nye be piyd nn panodf as heretofore, deticieut m it$ principal aim, i/Mra- 

ID take hit acquittaiice. Tnifting "••• I" ^his refpeft Linnaeus ihines 


wheretOy lie terminate yoor fight, and with unrivalled dignity. 

«odi hoping to fee yoordayes many and Had I anfwcred Emendator^s quef- 

foodf and proliMdtie to crown your felf tion as he wilhed, I could not have 

and Iflbft. Eoor ibniioeable to your vir- permitted him to draw any authority 

toai» R. HaiaicK.'* from Ray's Synopfi:* to juft.fy bis (ug« 

May I reqneft fome Cambridge geftions for a ?ocktuFlora, Fotj m 

friend lo ftate the dates of his admif- the firli place, Ray gives the gtmrk 

fion and degrees at St. John's, and at charaAer of each ^enut. This re* 

Trinity HalT| the firft believed to be moves one great part of the difficulty, 

aboiu i6i4» the other 1617 ? J. N. And, in the next place, Ray's Svnopfia 

I was not intended as a Pock'.t-F/»r« for 

Mr. UeBAN, F/^. 4. ihtjkiiii the general part of his no- 

SHOULD not have prefumed to meadature being dcflitute of any fuf- 

have troubled you any farther upon ficient defcription, and to be known 

the fubje^ of a Pocket-Ffor«f had I only by referring to the fynonyros and 

Boc been fo particularly called upon by figures of authors which he quotes. 

£mendstor, p. 19. He there adis me^ A^aio let roe defire Emendacor and 

with an air of triumph, *' what diffi- J. S. to perufe carefully Dr. Brough- 

flttlty there is in difcovering unknown ton's Encbiridhm B^taxicumt and to 

plants by Ray's Synopfis, where there pubiifh upon his Ihort plan (adding 

are no (pecific charaAersT' The defcriptions of only any Minu plant 

queftion is evidently aiked with a view which they may be fortunate to fiod), 

of joilifying his own idea of a Fi»r^ inferiiag charaf^ers and numerical fi- 

witboat the infeition of generic or fpe- gures to eiprefs the natal foil and the 

cific difiercncea. It is to be obferved limes of flowering of any plant. Dr. 

likewife, that the qucflion is aiked with Broughton went fome years (inoe to 

this fiartber view, to aflume a UQ, thdt Jamaica, and, 1 under(\and, djed there* 

there is no difficulty in alcertaining 1 approve generally of what your 

plaau by Ray's Synopfis. correfpondent, A Welch Boramfi, ur* 

I am an old Botaoifl, Mr. Urban ; get, p. 19 ; but I d ffer from him in 

and 1 flatter myfcif that the little I thinking that this Pocket-F/^rii fliould 

hive written on fubjcAs of Natural be in Latin, aof £«^/(^; not that I lay 

HiAory prove me to be not altO)fether any ftiefs upon iba matter. But I am 

deficient in ihe knowledge of this de* clearly of opinion, and would contend 

lightful fcience. The seal which 1 earneflly, that it fliould be in 9nt thin 

bear to the promoting of it induced me volume Svo, fur convenience and re^* 

to ioterfere, and prevent, if poHible, a dy u(e. 

Pockct-f/tfra (a publication much Dr. Bcrkenhout** Synopfis docs not 

wanted) from being put out in ah in- defcrve to be thought of when we 

coovenicnt, and, if 1 may (o fay, an would fpeak of a complete work. Hia 

McUJkaif form* ' knowledge of Natural Hiftory was ex* 

la antwer to Emendator, I moft treinely confined, 

f^f, that there itzvtrf gremly an rn- I have nothing to add ^o what I 

JnpirM^^ difficulty in afcertaining «tf- have afierttd already with refpefi to a 

«;of the plants in Ray's Synopfis. I propir Vockct-Fhra — I mean it an «/• 

open the book at random. How many Jiflamt and mQnvpr in the^^/^— dil far- 

o^ the names of Confirv^t on p. 59, iher rclearch is the bufinels cf the 

can Emtadator afcertain from the de. Jludj, All your correlpondents who 

fcriptions tliere given of 'them } How have enjiaged in this enquiry are zca- 

Oi^oy^of^Ulf genus Brjum lit in con- lout to do fervice to the ftudy uf Bo«> 

to tbit dayf How many of tany. I flatter myfelf, Mr< Urb^n^ 

T04 P^dft^V^OTi. — Mmoin #/'Bofwtll.— Cij^#»i ofDueUing. [Feb. 

that both you and your worthy corre- well educated; who kn^w Mr. B. from 

fpoudrntt will allow me tbe Oiine pu- hit youth, and had been in intimacy 

Tiiv of inteot'on. and correfpondence with him t.h near 

P.S. If this f/fr^lhould be in Eog* the time of his de^th. She was one 

]i(b» why not apply to Dr. Withering whom he Terv much admired and re- 

to publi/h, or for his leave to publifli» fpe^d ; to whom he comlnunicated 

hit generie and fpecific drfcriptiont at bis moft Secret (entimcnts . one whofe 

they ftpnd ahead* ip hts third edition friendlhip he c(^eemrd|and whole vir/- 

ef bifrB'^tanical Arraneemenrt ? t|i*s he loved. Unfonunatrlv, yery 

Youis, Ike. Ambidexter, foon afur her letter to you fhe was ta* 

————— ken ill, and, lorry 1 am to add, fbe is 

Mr. Urban, Ftb, 4. sow no moie. She has left various 

S \our correfpondents, J. S. vol. private n<ites and memorandums of her 


LXVl.p. 7;o, and a Welch Bo- intended biography ; which are» how- 

tanift, p. 19 of this vol. difapproved thfe civer, in fuch a (i.tte as to be entirely 

plan I propofed for a BriciOi'Florula ufeteft to' any other perfon. Poflibly 

before they h%d »n opportunity of tbe notice given m her letter to you 

juditint^ of Its effeft in ihe execution, may have deferred others from giv ng 

peiroit me to fend you a (hortikeich of a proper account 0f Mr. B.; and £ 

II, cxewphtied in the general and par- thonght it my duty to acquaint you 

ithI delci-ptiun of a p<rre6^ and crypto- with thefe cirrumliancet, tiiat fuch no- 

g;4mous p^ant: and that your leadert tice may not operate as a prevtncion to 

may fo m a compatifon bci%veen this any other biographer, who may have 

phn an i that of J. S. I will defcribe the meant of furniibipg the publick 

tht r=)nic i^eifcM pUnt he has given : with what was thus promifed, and of 

Athamakta. /^r//^At ovaio.ob- which death alone could have prevent- 

lon^iui, nruru*>. /'//a/a inflexa emar- ed the performance. WiLLlAU. 

ghfiita. Ltbanotit- Monniiin Hone ■ ■■■■ 

pttilley. Auc% S-'p<. lu diy paflurei. Mr« Urban, PfL 6^ 

Jtad.x icrih, conircs, arom^ticus. Caa* T HAVE often refle£^ed what a grie- 

/f/ ful)^x:dahs. Folia bipinn-ta. (/as- •■- vous evil thit country labours under 

Mia hcmilphx: icai. Strntma vitloia. in fl>ll cheiiihing that favage cui^om 

Peziza. Fuftgus Crfiitpanuhtu^, of duelling, fo very prevalent. Rea* 

felTiiis. C^ccmms. Scarlet Pezixa. {on, ridicule, and rel gion, have been 

0^|..^\ljr. on rotten wood. Suuacau- ia vatn brought forward to check its 

lis. PiUui inluniliD. uliforuitK. inius pro^^refs; and the only reafon thefe 

fplcndidecoccineus; extra villolus, ai- have failed is, that tht far greater part 

bido-carncus. of thole who pratlife it feldom by ltu> 

Thut, Sir, notwithftanding the ob- dy make much ufe of their realoning 

je&tions ur^ed ag^inll it, this plan doi$ faculties ; nor can it ever be put a ftop 

retain the eil'entia I Linncin chara^lers, to but by the chaf^ifement of Oovern- 

fubiliiuting aco^kcife dcfcription for the mcnt. From Government alone mull 

fpecific char<i6Vef&, thereby rcodciing its miferabie progrcfs have an end; 

any obferv-tiions unnecclTary. 1 am and, that it is a matter worthy their 

pleafed, however, that the difculfioa fenous inteiference, let them only re- 

of thii lubjeit in your M 'gazine has collect the annual numbers that have 

induced any of irs correfponoents to fallen vi6tims to this curfed fafhion. 

undertake the compilation uf a Pticket- Were the man who fends a challenge 

Fiora ; and hop« that the fpeedy pub- rendered infamous, and incapable of 

lication of one will ptcvent the necelDty preferment, this Vandal cuflo'in would 

of any farther lemarks on this cxhault- ceafe of courl'e. What a hardih-pit 

cd topic. Em£NOATOR. is, that any va'u'ibic life Ihouid be at 

— — the difpolal of every worthlefs fcoun* 

Mr. Ukban, Fif^. 5. drcl that choofes to give him a cii^l* 

HAVE oblcfvcd that, ever nncc lengc 1 Yet this is the invariable rule 

the inlcrtion of a leicor ligned Bio- in boch army and navy. Though I 

graph cu», vol. LXV. p. 634, tlterc bave been much in the navy mylc'f, 

hai been little fiid of Mr. Bofwcll. yet 1 cannot fay 1 was ever witncfs to 

The wiiter of the .letter promifed '< to but one duel, which lfaMMBI«i| at fol- 

give a faithful sccouur of the life** of lows : a rattling )gnor<tMtiM^j|hipinaii 

ihit aiiiaoic min ; ami wi:* well qua- was vociferating a Arin^xTf palpable 

lined for the talk, being a Scoctuh lady^ fallehoods^ a kufibit young maa, a 




'797"} ^'^'' d/Bp BiKon an.^Gen.MoDck. — Nether Hal-, Efle::. log 

HeutcBant, Tery innocently contifldi'?- 
cd hmtt in order, as he^thnut^ht, to 
fet him right. The lie dire ft was im- 
mediately given, and conicquently a 
challenge. The gertlemen met; and 
each fired Iwice, but without blood- 
ihed. Three-fourths of modern duels 
arifc ffatn fuch triTial caufei, and the 
challenger e?er a blockhead. It is 
▼ery improfiM' that ?aluable livfs 
ihould be fo expofcd ; yet a man, 
howcfer worthy, if an officer, mud 
fight ; yes, and fight evei^* ignonnc 
infolcnt wretch too thnt thinks proper 
to^ive him a challenge. It is untair 
that a valuable life (hould he cqaally 
etpoftd toonethnt is worthier, pL*r- 
haps a burthen to the favage who pnf. 
ftirei it. . I. A. 

Mr. UkbAN« 7a». 6. 

I INCLOSE you an imprtfllon (Piati 
U, fig. I.) of tiie feal and rounter- 
feal of Dr. Bilfon. bifliop of Winchcf* 
ter, at a correfpondeni in your lafl vo- 
I'jme, p. 185, feems tothir.k fuch fcais 
are ratner uncommon. 

S;. Paal is reprefented (hiking the 
viper from his hand into the tire ; ui^ci-vT 
rre the arms of Wincheflei impaled, Gu. a double jofe, the infide one 
Gu. the other Arg. and a pomegranate 
Or, fceded pr.per, conjoined in pjje, 
Biifcn. On tiie countci-fcal the lame 
A'lni within the garter. 

This biftiop is.faid to derive his de- 
fluent from the Dukes of Bavaria. He 
)::id hiv education in Wyckham (chool, 
fucceedcd to the miHcrlhip, and was 
(ucccfTirely pichccdary of Winclicftcr, 
ar.d warden of the college. Through 
t!.e iotcred of the lord trtalurcr, he wa*;, 
in 1596, eIe6Vcd Bifliop of WorccQcr; 
and, io the fame year, tranflaced ro 
Winchefter. In 1603 4, we find iiiai 
a fpeaker and manager at the Hamp* 
ton-court; and the char^:e 
of rcvifir.g the nc.v trunnation of tue 
Bible in K.'ng James's reipn fell 'o Ijim. 
The fentmce of divorce between il.s 
Earl of ElFex arid Lady Howarl was 
pronounced by rhis prelate in 1613. 
He ri'jed in 16 rS, and was buried in 
WcOminfter abbey, *• was cftc^nifd an 
accompliflied fcfaolar, and rcte m' r^ly 
bv hi% learning, a:>tru? prelates OionM/' 
Ui> hand- writing is annexed, both b:ttjre 
and ^it^ii he was a bifhop. 

*^* Ar. X. M a fcal fcnc fiom Scot- 
land I'or^itfpb nation, by your lare cor.. 
icfpnndehc Mr. Uidddl. N. D. 

Gent. Mag, FfhruQrj^ i:v7- 

Mr. URPA>r, Jan, 8. 

ISKNDyou the fcal * and hand-wri- 
ting of i famous Commander in the 
lad ceucary, afHxtd to an original ^v.-.r- 
nnt. M.Greek. 

"Ceorjs Monck, Cnpt" Oeri'' and Co- 
mand' in Chiefc of all the Fnrfcs in Eog- 
bnd, Scotland^ and Ireland^ to Theu- 
philus Parnnrd, C.>ptaine. 
Ly vertuc of the I'ower and Authority to 
mce given hv the Parliament of the Co- 
mnnwealth of England, I doe heereby con- 
ftitute and app^.int you Theop!iilus Bar- 
nard to he C.iptiinc of that Troope of Horfei 
late Cap. Gondall Biuic's, in Col. How- 
ard's R' raifcd and n'.aintained un^fer my 
Comand for the fervi::e of the Parliamejit 
and Cumoiiwealtii of EnglaTid. You ara 
therefore to tike ii^ro yo'*r thugc a*..' care 
the faid Troope as C^ptainu th:re f, and 
du'.y excrcife the Ofliccrs and SouUhrrs of 
the Came in Arnrs. An J alfo to ufe yi' 
bed care and endeavopre to keep? t'lem in 
good order and Difcipline, comand ir,{» th'm 
to obey you as their Captair.:-. A'h! y,)u 
are likewifetu folloue and u5.fjrve fuch 
orders and dired^ions as you (hall from tyiTi# 
to ty me receive; fion>theParrMn-,'jnr, Co'.inoi'l 
of Stat3 appointed by Pailiani' cr n.y Mie. 
And ahb you are to tib'. y the S;ipori): Offi- 
cers (if the Reg ment and Army nccordir j 
ti» the Difcinliiis of Warr m pm l\niicc o« 
the trud rcpi>fcd in you, and youi D^r.y to 
the Pnrli.<mcnt and Comonwejilili (^f Ing- 
land. Given under my hand and St^tlo at 
St. James's the 7.5th d.;y of rcb.u.iry, 1659. 

G'EOPOii Monck,'* 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 10. 

THE drawing Tent yoa hereairh 
(fign 4) is a view v\ Ncther-hali, 
an anrient edifice in the ne>k;hbourhcod 
of Great and Little Pa:n.!rr, and at the 
c ^r.Rux of the Lee and ih-: St Jt', EiVex. 
It vni formerly lichi of \Val:lnin ab- 
be v. The fiifr n e:!tu>r made uf ir as 
a mar^t^r is F-bcut the year 1400. vvhca 
it \v is conveyed to Niclirla'- dllcrii 
r.nd Th!)mAS Piadencc, ar-cj a'tcrwardi 
b'.ca:*^.e the f-::t of ihe Coirs nmih . 
Jt 1^ ■•:: the pariGj of R^v;!(:;i, av.d ic- 
cii-. t-J ilic «.-:n»c if Nc:ljci-ha!l fioui 
its ; w finiaii.-.n. 

j^hc view i«:prcf nrs the brick r ^rc- 
wav with partof :hc w^W and i wti at 
its anklet. A r'lit of the h'»ufe was 
for 1\.mc tin^c iiicd «s a farm-hon'.*, 
but was at lenr.t!i pulVd do-vn. Ov..r 
thega:<: were tv. <.» -.ioi.'. -, »\'. .li la'ri.Jig 
op clic cxieiit of lite Pvuyi rhc iwo 
lowers, ^and all the fp-itc hetw^^ivB. 

♦ Sec V'ate JLf.^.i. 


io8 Topogyaphtcal Defcnptlon of Wroxton tn Oxfordfliirc. [Feb. 

affliif^is jam <lomi rebus in cxteras rcgioncs 


inter quas uhi qnnc Europaei mundi Iiuma- 

niorci f\nu p:trtwS 

non incur'uis, 2 nf.uftrapcrluftiairet 

rtverl- fi in pairlim 

(•:uuri illic eri.-rn fciuiiffimum principem 

Carolnm II. tanto 
patre digniim h»cjcm reducem tandem 

vidiifec Istus et 
quod unum rcliquum crat cliaiilTimse fil'>aB 

J"" Elifabethae 
cum d"® Francifco-Hcnrico Lee, de Ditch- 

V ley b.iroiieito, 

aufpicatiflSmas foe'.ciier celcbrafTct nuptias 

qxua j-m fpes omtics fie (iias in>pUvciat) 

diuturni pcrvicicifqucmorbi pat'ciudlupcr- 

atus non illiScnter iato ceilit 

a"no ^^*"'*"* '^^°- Deccmbric i%r - s 39. 

On a black raarblc fljb adjoining the 

" Pictati ct meniorix facram. 

Monumentum do.or.b finguliiis, paris 

fati ci conditionis, pofuit fan£\ifl[inna 

Pe\ta comiiilfa Dunf.nsis filio fuo 

ofticiofiirimo acHorci.tiUimo Thoma 

Pope, id'imo lom ti Duseniis, nee 

non coLimnx p'.iM ci hjnorip, antiqaas 

ct .uRuftae ; r"f*P"^» "^ ^ '•"** *^'»'is 

importur.i moitcpraerep'o; cojus fi itianuor'acciet, icnipitcrna 

ejus giona abunJe reibnurct. Vi:i 

quidcm luolimi erat, ve- um 

an<nio humiliy a: que ca q- I'.em 

v.ftute, ut nemo aa eu;n ^upirare 

priifvi, catf-iCktti caeouiu.ue ucad 

tji'.s coujiieifum faoiI:s.tiii us 
omi.iljus pattrci ; m.^niucfu?, ab ir4 
Mit.nus, ail niucT.uioucm |»i^>pcnfu5, 
fermooc ju. inulus, nicii'Hiii juv uiulior, 
fee anrelica in ircie;^an».lo 
placidils ; in laudando cmvlienJi vim 
liabens j Tie utrumquc lemperans, ut 
ncir.rum horum per immoi'er.itioncm 
labefa<5larct ; verum ct nKiepatio 
patcruam diaritateni, et 1. udatio 
imperio dtgnum gravitat* m oht«neret, 
uCramque erjo fapicnliae i;.udcm 
coiilcqucretur. Qi»id ^iLiplii.x 
' genus ert, in quo verfatus r.on cral ? 
aKitie iia cxinxe quafi \\\ eo folo 
ci .t't^rafict i Sanc^ti nii.^, adcoque 
viriutis plcnuS) obiit 18 Maij, 
M.DC.LXVUi. fed 
glorivjfus dcir.crps 
ct fenii expers 
hcros dcgpi." 

On two frec*llone ni.ouments in th 
ch::ncel : 

I. " Here l>crii tlic body of 

BfcATAy Counteilc of Down^ 

the late wife oi l'h(iroas» 

E::i :e I'f Down, d.a'ghter 

of Sir Plenery Foole, i<f iiuperConi 

in Uic cottocy of Ciolccileri 

baroneCy wlio departed 
this life the 16 day of July, 
anno Dom. 1678."- 

2. " Here lyes the body of Mr. 

HtNB.Y PoPEyfecond fonuC' 

to the now Thomas Earle 

of Down, and Beata his 

wife, dauglitcr to Sir Hcnrf 

Poole, of Sapperton, ia 

Gluder-theirtf, kt. and 


He dyed of the f.nall pox at 

Trinity colledg, in 

Oxon, the 20th day of June, 

aged nineceene ye ires, and 

three moneths, an. Dom. 1665.*' 

On a black marble flab in the chaii« 
eel. The arms of Norib^ with coronet 
and fupponers, bearing thofe of Fopt 
on an efcochjon of pretence : 

" Here lycth the l>Oily of the Right 

Hon*''^ Francis Lord Guilford, 

Infd keeper of the great feale 

of Lngland. He w. is borne the 22 

of O^Huber, 1637, and departed thii 

life the 5th o{ September, In the 

year of our Lord 1685." 

The following infcription it on a 
mouument of grey marble, having a;i;'>ii ab.^e it, on which are feated 
two boys weeping, between them is a 
dfarh'* head, torch, trumpet, and hour- 
glrii's. The ftdcs of the monumenr arc 
'ornamented with fefioons of fruit and 
flsjwcrs admirably carved, and at the 
bottom are the arms of Nbrib impaling 

Popt : 

■ «* P. Nf . S. 

diem hie demio oriturum et decretorium 

pr aetlolatur Icth Hima fosmi naDn* Franci fca, 

illutnlTimi D*^^ Francrlci iforih, £q. Aor. 

capitalis commuaium placitorum juftiiiarij, 


magna et inclyta utror]ue parents ; 

patrc,Tl lom^ comitc apud H ibeniu> Dunenfi ; 

matrcjfihik Hen.Poole,iiiagroG luce fir. bai'*'* 

fratrc itidemThom4,cumitep.)riicr Dunenfi. 

£iq;('efan^\(>,cura Jii:;bosfororibu!,colixreSf . 

virtute lumen longe diiior quim dote, 

utpote eni pictas erat fme fuco, 

graritas (nic faftu, 

fine levitate cumius,ei grata ubiq;amGenitaS| 

modeflia autem et pu^lieitia etiam in uxore 

Lenta liic xgiitudine detenta, quafi tremula 

an coelo pnemif^is liberis Popio et Franciies', 
c fe denuo Itatim adjungeret, an tendloc 

fuperrtues, • .- 

Francifcum, Annim, et Carolura, molli ' 

a J hue Anu fovoret. 
Mariius moeilui banc mortem tarn acerb^ 

lulit, ac fi ipfe bbir«t. 

H'X igitfir 10 memdriam conjug-s per fex- 

eoniiikn fc quod excurrit 


1797*3 T^piirapbicsl Difiripfktt of Wroxton, i« Oxfordfhirc. 109 

ffltft^ifllmg tnoGSa, famnio et dolore ec name of the lady whofeinfcrip^ion thef 
pietate pofoit. ue p 4ced over. And un che pedeitai 

Obgtr5Ko?*»*»A«no5 ^JJl^^^XXxl^^^^ ""^ ' ^""^ "'" '''^* ^^^ """' "^ ^^''* '''"'' 

On a black marbie (lab afide the 
Lord Keeper"*- Arin«i N§rib impaling 

Grrvilie : 

<< Here lyath the body of ^ 

ELiZABETUy lata wife to the Right 

Hon^^* Francis Lord Gaildfoid, Mid 

one of the d mghters of thr R^ H^^e 

Tolke^ Lord Bronk^- who departed this 

life the 4th day of Novemberi In the year 

of our Lord 1699." 

On a wbi'cc marbie monumenr* 
Arms, North g § , 

'< Be thi« Hone a memorial 

of y« Hon^'e Charles North, 

youngcft (furvivir.g) f.>n of the R' Hi;*'* 

Fr.uicis Lord Guildfordi fome time 
Lord Keeper of y* Great Seal of England. 
He died at Lood<'n Decern* j« 9*'*, 1714- 

iEtat. 37. 
His religion wJmCntiftian, JKcr»ri'«ng to the 
pore faith of the holf Church of E g!aod ; 

his life conformable and exrm 
}iis profeflion the co vmon law 
He ferved the pukl'ck in divers parliaments 
without other pnifii Chan a goed name und 
the confciettceuf a fteady tidehiy. 
His mtJTtal rem "tines lye here inicrr'dy . . 
expecting the final call to a gU«rious 

Hts mournful (lAer and f )ls ex cutrix, . 

the Hon^^*' Anne Nortli, 

caufed to be placed l^crj this monument 

of her dear brother's tun*" 5c her ov\ n grcif, 


Oo a grey nHtruic mooumenc 3 

" Near t^ii place lyes interred the body 

of |he Hon^i* H^* Anne ^oaTHy the only 

nOer of .Ui^ Rt Hun^l* Francis 


She v<^ very exemplary ^v:rtuoUi:,tnily piou?» 

aad was very mucli efteemed by ;Jl her ■ 


To the pious memnry of whoih,.nnd in- 

gratitude to her deceafcd mitU^fiy this 

monumetii was caufed to be cre^Sleil at 
thefole cod and charge of Mrs.. Elizabeth 
Knight, whoierved her faittifuily near ' 

30 years. 

She dyed at London on the 2 sd day of 

Feb^r, 1719^20. Anno aetat. 45.'* 

Oo the right-hand fide of the cnm< 
inunion*tab!e is a beautiful monument 
ot white marble erected by Frmcii, 
earl of Guildford, to the memory uf 
his three wives (all heirelTcs). The 
iofcnptioDs are in three compaaments ^ 
thacpf his UA.wiie in the center. On 
tlie bafeof the meAumeut is their euio* 
giunw. It'is AinBtfuated by three ele- 
gtBt onis, cacb bearing the Chiifiiaii 

.a coronet, bearing thofe of the rcfpec- 
tive Udics on an efchutcheon of pi#« 
tence t 

I. " SA.cred to the Memory 
of Lucy, Lady Guilford, 

on'y furviving d lUghfrr 

of George, E.ulof Hjlifax# 

■ by Ricli..rda Portlijmn, 

his firit vKife, i'a»r;iitcr and heir 

of Ricf-rd S^ltonft.l, 

of Chipping \V..idei', in the Couotf 

of N()|)ttMi, cfq. y 

She dcp wie i tiiis life '^ 

Mpy the 7ih, 1734, 3g6d 25 years; 
leaving one only fon, Frcdciick, 

and a danghrer, Lnry, 

who furvived her but a f*^\v dayt, 

and was here interred with her motlier.** 

1. " Stcred tot lie memory 

of ELfZAI'-ETH, 

Lady North ard Guilfon!, : 
daughter .nd leir of Sir Aiihur Kayc^ 
mphM V "" ' * ^^ VVoixlliMT.r, in ihe of Y..rk, bait. 
JhnnUnd widow i)f GiriirEc,-,L<.rd Uwiftiam, foa 
Mrliam.?niR ofV\i»h.iai, 1^..! 1 ..f D.^itmouih. 

S!ie iltiparti^ this life 

on the z 1 ft d*)^ of April, 1 745, 

nrj'-»'. thiily tj;^|it yc.US j 

IcavMig iiTue by GcTgc. Lord Lcwifhara^ 

W!!li.';.r, ntnv EarrcF.V\ntnvii.t>), 

the Hou^ Anne and Riizjbeih Lc^se, 

. and by the 
Lord NoiH^ and Gaaf<»i\l liad Louif?^' ' 
row Lady WilloiiRhby Je Broke, - 
FrinceRand Augyilns-Franri^ (who i 
died, inf.ints), Brownlow, Lord Bifhop ' 
of VVincheftei , anU C harlotte, who - 
» diud ^MVivfaiit. ^ni 

Her 1 idydiip Jvai inter rod here." ' '. 1 
3. << Sacred to tlie memoiy • 
of Ka « MSKiNc, Co4mtef«of Guddlbs< ^ 
one of lUe dji>ghi«;^v a^d co-!ieir$ of* . / 
Sir R:<beri Fui urfr, \ 

of Waldcrfbare, in tiie county ot KeotfbarJL 
by t'.« L-uuy Aiabclla Watfon, daughter.. 
«f Lewis, Earl of Rockingham : was 
alfo fitter und htirioSir Hem yFurntfc, bait 
(who died iu his rainofity ) 

She departed tliis l!fe ' * 

D'cembrr ifie 22d, 1756, in the 52d ' • 
year of her age, 
leaving no iflfuc t and was, by dir«ftk>« ti 
l»cr will, inteiTed ar this place.** '' 

[Euloflium.] # 

" Thefe excellent wives pofleffed everf 
good qualiry which ctiaraderizes ^ fia* 

[cere Chriilian* 

Their prudence and afLbility commanded 

[iiu.verfal efieem and refpe^ 

Tiieir dciiplii was io doing good. , 

The dillrcffcd of cvciy kind who deiired 

their aifiHancc had always reafon to b^ 


no 7bi Roman R9adf in Staffbrdflilre tnviftigaud. [Feb. 

Tfiey raifed their hufband to a degree of Stretton, which if a mile from it. At 

happinefe far beyond what mortal roan Branfton, then, about two milet S9UCI1 

[ought to expca of Burton, I have bow yery little 

in this mamlifatc, and added proofe at their ^|oubt of fixing it, where the diftancea 

deaths of theirfincercaffe^hcijiandeft^^ exaafy corrcfpond with thofe io Ri- 

Kothing but the powerful affiftance of Du ^^^^ j thVriTer winds fo aa to PHHTidence, .rfpirmg Chrmjan^rc- ^^^ ; promontory, well adapted both 

couM hare enabled him to foppoit the 4x- f«/ ^\^'^ proteaion, and fiipply of oM 

cruciking grief he fuJfered in being de- ^\ '*>« &«'»"<' neccffanes of' miliur/ 

[prived of them, li^^* water, ft it true, I haye sot 

The woild cannot fufficiently lament tlieir y«t been able to difcpver aoy traces 

iof«. Their examples call aloud for of a camp, tumutut, &c« to corrobo- 

[imitatioiu rate the above hypothefit. Bur, in an 

X. Y. Z. ^c* old rental of Sir William Paget, 3 

— — — Edward VI. (now belonging to the 

Mn Urban, IborHbattgb-JIr.Fib,^. Earl of Uxbridge, who baa a aoble 

PERMIT me to trouble you once property in this pariib), I find th« 
more with a letter, which may namesof B«r)r farm, l?«ry or ^r«ai;]^e« 
perhaps afford amufement to fi*me of hill, which ceitiinly indicate the fite 
your Antiquarian readers, particularly of fome antient place fuitable to the 
to the t<wo valuable correfpondenis, prefent porpofe. As I belieye the fla* 
Julius Frontinus, ?ol. LXVI. p. 814, tioos mentioned in Antonine and Ri- 
and T. R. p. 101 9, who there an- chard's Itineraries were all provided 
nouoces his Antoninus b/ing almoft with comfortable habttatiooi of brick 
ready for the prefs. Prefuming, there* or liune building for the Roman garii* 
fore, that any recent attempts to afcer- Ion, the reafon for no veftiges apikear* 
Cain the fituatibn of Roman (lations in ing in this, or in other Atuatioai uni* 
Stafibrdlbire, hitherto unfixed with verfaily acknowledged to have been 
certainty in any of the Itineraries, flee* flations, is, that the materials have 
may be acccptab'e to htm, 1 oflFer the been tranfported from the fpot for tht 
following refult of (bme late obferva- purpofe of building towns, &c* in the 
tioos* founded partly upon hims pre- neighbourhood ; and, mod probablyy 
▼ioufly given me by J. F. and (ince the materials of this Aatjon were re- 
aided by a very ingenious and learned moved before the Conqueit to build, 
friend in the county, the Rev. Samuel Burton abbey, or its great bridge. 
Dickenfon, re£lor of Hlymhill, to Whilft I was thus engaged lail An* 
whom and his Ton I am likewiie much tumn, my above worthy friend and co- 
indebud for thtir valuable aififlance 10 adjutor in chtfe abftrufe fubjeda wae 
the Natural Hiftory, &c. no lefs ruc€ersfullyemj>!oyed upon the 
In the XVIIith Iter of Richard of Watling-ftreet, in findingoutthe Btu* 
Cireocefter, we, find the llation of Ad ation o( two other doubiml fiations, of 
7rk»oa««i (not noticed tn the Itinerary which he baa favoured me with tbf 
of Antonine), and its diftance of 11 following: 

miles U^Dervmtim, or Little Chef- « ^^ ^ ^y^ ^^^ ^.^^ ^^ ^^ ^ 

ter, near Derby, on the one fide, and ^^^ ^f ^^e fite cf Uxaama having been a( 

from Ei9ceiMm, or Wall, near Lich- ^jg modern village of Ocon-gaie, or Qcon- 

fleld, on the other. Neither Gale nor yatc. One great diflicuhy occurred, vix, 

Horfley have aflfigned any modern the diftancc of this place from VVroxeter, 

place to this llation} but Stukeley fop- v^hich is only eight miles ; and theltine- 

pofes it to be Burtoo-upon-Treot : rary dii^ance fiom Urieotnm to Uxotwm it 

and, no doubt, from the diftances a* eleven. This imiuced Hordey to fix upon 

bove given, it was not far from thence, a fpot oppoftte ShcriflFhales for the fite of 

but not at Stretton, as Dr. Plot con- U.^ocoMi which having carried him three 

Waured it to be; as did alfo the late """f^ ^ ^^^^ towards the Eatt, be in 

Dr.Pegge, in his le.rned Effay upon e«nf«q"«nce places Pimmcrydum « Pen- 

Tu- ^^#1 ; f .. »u,r Ar.^, «^r ,11 kridgc. In order to obviate this ohjeMion, 
the C^nftmnn fo,^ that <»oe nc all ^^^^ j ^,^ ^ ^^^ ^^^ ^.^^ ^^^^^» 

agree wi h the diftaaces in the Iter, ^ j,^ j^., ^^.^red, confirmed 

hemg only 10 miles one way, and 14 f,„^ ^^ ^^^y weighty arguments, that the 

the other. Bchdes, 1 prefume from prefciit road from Watlingftreet turnpike 

the name, A<i Trt^ium, fij^Difj mg a to Wroxeter, if it was at all a n>ad in the 

town or ftation at or by the Trent, we time of the Romans, was only a viartriei^ 

Otft look for it much aeaicr than mZ/ji and that the grand military way 


1797*] ^ Roman R§ais in Staffbrdthire intff/tigaud. tic 

tanmA off m Watfing-llrMt gate to tho 

hsHf tofwdi Little Wmlock, in order to 

maimaiii tte higjb grooiid on the South fide 

of Khe Wrekio. and at length fell into the 

RooBii read (Ifadinf; from Wroxeter to 

Worctfler) a fe« miles flmrt of Wrox- 

eter. This oourfe reconcifes the fite of 

Ocnnyito to the itinerary chftance» and 

itmu te s every difllciiltf. in the pre- 

ftM roady betweeri WaiKng-ftreet and 

WroxBCffy then was formerlf a moraf^, 

which no carnage eoold without great dif- 

ficoity ptft over even at Midfummer. My 

fnend Mr. Peiuiane ccocnrs with me in 

opinioo, that a raia, which we both faw 

at Oconyaie about 30 years ago, was the 

ivmaini of a Roman hypocauft. Oconyate 

bang then determined upon for the fite of 

I7xicMMy the Itinerary diftance of 11 miles 

brings us precifdy to Stretton, where I 

have difcovered a remarkable eminencei 

called Roley -hilly with a gentle declivity to 

the meadows adjacent to the river Penk, 

which has the conveniency of a ford in 

this part. This eminence occupies ahr)iit 

ive acresy and h crowned with a tumuht, 

vrhich appears to have ferved for an fxf4^ 

f^twry mmtt. H, H fcarcelf one mile North 

from tlie ftsoet-way ; and| whether it was 

a ftation or not, it is fuch a iitnation as, I 

am pcrfaded, a Roman general would 

^adly have roado choice of for this pur* 

I pod.** 

Dr. Plot was like wife of opinion, 
ibat this Stmton was the hue oT Pirji- 
■amrrivai, panicularly as it anfwcrcd 
to the diftance in the Itinerary ; and 
Ik only objediooy of no Roman coins 
or other Anti<|uities bcin^ found 
there, has been fince fufficicotly re- 
moved I for, a celt was found here in 
S717, and ihcwn to the Society of An- 
ti^iiariet in i7si, who engraved it in 
the Arcb^gdtgtMt vol. V, p. 113: not 
long after whisht in ploughing the 
grounds of Mr. Congreve, at Strctton 
(where hia family had lived for many 
ages), was found a brafs head of the 
boi*t of i caia^ltOf another of the 
lame metal and iupe being founds 
about a fortnigbt after, at Wall, or 


One day laft October. Mr. Dicken- 
Ton favoured me with his company to 
explore the celebrated RykeuHd-Areet 
acrofs Suttoa Coidfield, where it cer- 
tainly remains in the mod perfe£l flate 
imaginable. It was truly an agrecab!e 
change from the ctofe attention to old 
pafchmcnts, and the neceflary lludies 
for a County Hiftory, to be thus en- 
chgnciBglf led along fuch venerable, I 
lud aliDoft (hid facred, ground, in com- 
pany with oaa whoie mind is not only 

replete with cFaflical erudition, but 
who had formerly examined ftmilar 
ro'ids in Italy, though none, he con- 
fefled, fo wide and beautiful as the 
part which then arretted from his pea 
the following very peitinent delcrip- 
tion : 

• If any remains of venerable antiquity 
may claim the attention, or even a dillaiar 
vilit, fi^m all who have the lead cariofity 
for fuch refearches, it is the lienild fVmy ia 
itscourfe through Sutton Park, and acrofis 
the Colfield. It is here a very fpacions 
road, not lefs tlian 60 feet in breadth; and, 
thmifh the furface be in gcf>enl oveiTua 
with heath, and, for a fhort fpace in tho 
Park, owrfpread with oaks di confidera- 
ble magnitude, yet the regularity of its &»• 
gure has not been dilbirbed by the lipfe oC 
14 centuries. It is formed by gravel and. 
materials on the fpot; liigh raifed ia the 
centre, with a gpntle flbpc to the borders 
on each fide, where it is Ikirted by tl|0 
glitters from which it was in part cafl upu . 
The admirable prefervation of its original 
ntyHiOty of furface to the extent of fomr 
miles is owing to the fi>lloivingcircumftan» 
ces : firft, its fituacion on gruund where tho 
bufy transforming hand of culture has never 
intruded, being for a mile and a half io- 
clofed in a park, and, beyond that, ex- 
tending more than a mile on the South, 
and nearly a mile on tlie Noith, fide the 
park over a dreary defert, the afpedl o( 
which does not appear to have been changed 
lince the time of the Romrms ; and", ttfly^ 
it is not in ufe as a public ru id for carriages^ 
nor are any marks of ruts or other iifequafl* 
ties from fridlion vifihle on its furfice. 

<< Its proximity to an allowed Roman 
ftation at W'all, o/Zot ^tocetem, where it 
interfedb another Roman road of eqaal ce- 
lebrity, renders it, if poflible, an object of 
higher regard. The names of the adjacepft 
vilbiges. Wall and Chefterfield, give the 
moft (atisfadory confirmation to the cbim 
of this neighbourhood ^s exhibiting Uftiiig . 
mcmuneients of Roman grandeor. Nor can 
any ingenuous mtnd view fnck ftrikiiig tcf- 
ti monies of hiftoric tructi without unufoal 

Theacc we infpeAed and me»fured 
a fmall uodefcribed camp (an engraving 
of which, together with other mifceila* 
neous Antiquities, had been previoufly 
contributed to nnv BrO vol. by the prefenc 
learned and worthy bp.of Cloyne), about 
a mile Northward, in a corner of the 
fame ColdBeld, near Bourn pool, wliich 
was no doubt Roman, and was probably 
ufed by fume of the army from E'oa^ 
ium as an occafional retreat during their 
exploratory excuriioos in this vicinity* 
The lenuiadcr of the evcavii^ mi^<^ 

112 Tlje Roman R9ads /VStaffordQiirc tnveftlgaud. [Feb. 

fpsnr in *p;reril)!cconrerfaMon at^dc.^n- BraHburne for feTerar years paft in 

l€!rpiation upnn tlu nnovc fuhje(^s, &c. d aining his eftate here, ^ Several cf 

ac tiic afljoininj' hr)r. itaule nKinf.or. of thefe curious fpecimens we the fa '^v, 

Wm. Ttrnnant, c". j. I-: tie Adon Hill, ih* bottom p^irls of which were tvirned 

who has tiicTc crciitu) an eardilv P,ira. quite black, but remained perFeffly. 

tiifc out of a c'rfrri. Wiicnctr the fol- found, and retained the marks of the 

lowing ilaY» in oui w.^v to Wall, we axe as vifib'e as on the day they had» 

f«w a great natural cuiior<tv upon ano- been cut oflF,. probably looo years ago* 

♦* T of his cO,res a* Sfona', in the pa- But, ^h^x. is more remarkaMt, a few 

i.iii of SItcnPoii. I'.x the rcmairs of a days (uoftquent to our then viHting th* 

fmail foreft of pine-, which hare been fpor, Mr. Bradburne found, in digging, 

for fomc vc'is paft <lue up in great a dr in, fevcral entire pieces of timber, 

■umbers, and of ? vift Tz.*, in a peat- of whtch the above military barricade 

moor of about lOO acies. In (rcncral, . h?.d btcn c^mpi.fed, feveral of which 

ihelowerpartscr flumps of the fir-trees, I afterwirds f^w myfelf that had been 

i»iih immcnfr roots, arc orily founc' ; then c^ug up. and fcvcra! more lying 

but foinetimes ihc iiunks p:o:^r-.c co^- to each other, ab»iuttwo 

lyinj^ pn <^ra'-c hLn.ath the furtace ; f«ci henca'.h the furface. By the fide of . 

and the tenant, Mr. ^niih', flijwed us thc^'j was found a wooden mailer, 

one which he h.'i l.*t^l. dui: up i8 fmcc ur.f. nun .itly deftroycd by fire, 

ynrds knp .tnd urr^poitouaMv t'.iick, Tijcfc pieces arc uniform in length and 

the \\vvi\ VcrijT ahv.t.ii impeiirtranly ll,;»pr, and ctnfifi of the whole trunks 

liard. Ho.v many at*:?* the. luve tuns ol o k* la feet long, and from lo to 

kin, or u ha hroupju them hs:c, vv?u!^l n inches diameter m the heart, the 

requite a Icr.g aiK* f-.par..iJ: anicle ct fap Ltir.: rotted off. E^ch piece of 

dilculh>n ; but, I f\v, .t picf.nt in ths lUKher corr.pofmtr thi« work has a ca* 

fame ipini-.n will I^i. Pot, rro:n ihu viiy of 4 jnches wide, and 3 feer long 

growio); pofnion m wl.icii thcfe i'tumps from ti.etop. cut down its middle, evi- 

and pjos arc found, ih.ii they wete in- dcntly ' r a look-out, or for the puc- 

diH'-nous his, and nor ti-.e icm;iinirLj p-fe .r H/c-hnt^ ng miflile weapoqa on 

etli'6ts of anv, ortl:ceicu, (Icivtic. ,„ all?'! i: t \virh: ut being ihemlelvcs 

LeHvinV thcfc naiiiial curioHrics for txpui-.ii. Tii:!i barricade has alre?.dv 

thofe of Rorr,in :r:, ve n xt v fitcd b'-en tt .red u;' wards of 500 yatds in 

the ruins o!^ Et'tttumf which icmain ien^ti^, nr.t cor.'.mued m a (Iraight 

much in th«? fiJU d'. di:(;:i!'»rd 'jy IHiC, h(jr v> th tl.nking ballions plnced 

Stuki.lev, &.C. wcwa Ktd K..lf a-.torc rg ii» r!ie Orituie of the ground, 

a iTii!e acrofs ilic nu-.irt'»w.I ind, i.» ex- Ti»c p.iricular part where the(c entire 

amine a rnoii tnhn* . pil jTu^ji'ur d-.f- pieces h:»ve been difcoftred fcems to 

covci^.jn Pv ■:•'. ui ar.tiq tries in Mr. h ive been ^t tlvc ang e of one uf the 

Bj^fM)u:ni'j tihe't at P:|.e-'nll, of biftions, ar.d they were probably 

wiiicli Mr. Williim P r, • le inee- ihjown down bv violence, which has 

nious r.u!':»i.' of ilir S' ft ■: ' 'rcAgri- fortunjtciy bctn the means of prefer- 

culturiil Rtpoii, ht! pmvi. ifly infor- vingtlns cuii^us and unique fpccimen, 

nicd ixic^ "01%. "Ijc m nil ns j-f h re4l ht-'^ng psihaps the only one left in rhis 

P.o!!i-in Tv.-A'v*, "r 'Pihiiiv I rica-'^, ifl-^i:J that has efcu.ped the wreck of 

cxtcnc'Uj: \.-..\ \V i (t::c i.n icii ':'- rr.Mi;, to TCTify'the words of Cacfar, 

iO(£th7t)f N -I ill V. .III. tlifouc P;|.«- •*tjilr;t I'ltb fcjfique muoiri juoci.'* 

hill, p Ji!. ' tc '.!". ' r- k uliiiji, itiV- (C ifi»{ants, B. G. 1. 5). 

in;, EiP I'i l':;--h.j', h' '.-s .'» j^Mi T ' Li:'cr into a iiu'ie mii.ute account 

V/all. Ti-:.' vii.'-c'cr, »c»i::'ir jj. n ■ vs of liii^ ^s .n J outwork of the Romans 

c >nipo!ed of ih- \vli. ! . t-»..» k i ^ f oik- w. u'd ri.' ouly cccjpy too mdUy of 

trees (l.i.'i'^ii.;; o:i \v\ enc! fl-.:e u> e .:h Mr. Trban'^ p'*>?f'*j hui anticip.ttc the 

other. ,:ir! "■xjj f).!.'. li |:ii in the full defciipiion [ n'can to ^ivn, with' 

gr('Tc^. Vhi v'!i:y or. ii..* 'L.:!, or an cn^^i iVing . f it, in r.:v firft Vi>!umc. 

C'uifidt:, ■. f ;..i- iCi.iie, iiow ■ ■ .cI ;: ca- 1 CmI!, ^\:trK foic, csniudc with in- 

d >iv.!jim1, u is doij' .I.;,3 'I.lh a r".;.- f^^r'i.'.VtJ i''. H- i';i-t \ iii^y perhaps 

r.if'i, p.ii..]>'^ ica -^ly j-alLiulc 3 but hive it In :i.v oo^cr t.) cotpmunicate 

' the R -in n iT.-ttior. iv !n!tit«l rT-.-^-c djf- to' hiin f' MitLiiit^^ iiiorc ' »b<>ut the 

ficuk of iccti"; by vLib w. oJcn wall. R »rr,ii? fi-Ui'-ns, p^rti«.ul.i:,ly dndajf^ 

Tiic iii:^l?cr i: .u* :• -/r ^ . i:d ! :'. "..'iiir f.n:>^ JV. \'.Ml:c»*s^ ^ISS ; iind. i| 

fin.eb-:cn i(>t:i -.l > fl ; l-.iii :;iitT.>>i.i^ <<f I,;. h»s i.^>; r,!re<iuy ft^ii Dr.' i)k-|al' u's 

the iVjCiojiii h.:J' Lcl'ii <ii:j -;> bv cv.:^ui ' uii'.l nuiiiti\.u* p'-j^'crV c^^ >a 


1797-] Roman R^^d.—hUndiyEpi/letuhVftttvxitifitr^^^^ I r J 

thefe fubjc£is» now io the hands 
of Sir ir«K Pennington, M. O. of St. 
John's college, Clin bridge, I p rfumc 
he would find them very ul'eful in hit 
iatraded woik ; ind, from the liberal 
manner in wbicti that gentleman per- 
Riitccd me to exrr^^i the Srsft^'.dlhire 
pirrsy and fiom the conVrrlation which 
then paffed, 1 b^te no doubt but T. R. 
may, if be wilhes it, obt^iin a iimihr 
indulgence. Stebbing Shaw. 

7# tbrft SeMsrs *wb§ plnytd tkt Cbd- 
raSn-t it Pliutus's i:§m*dy •/ '* Au- 
iularta," ms the Dormitory it Well- 
mintUri •« TutfUay, D^c 19. 

•* • girrit nnilis 

ExrcfbelLv," Hor. 

Young Glnti emev, 

JAM oi optnion, tlia: the fupcr'.tiife 
degree o( companfon nUt^tiC to )>c 
expunged ope of the gfamui^rs of all 
language); and, in thi<; ienti iicnc, none 
of you adtcd the btji, noi any of voa 
the 'wrjl, 

i had the honour of b(in^ rar.k<'(] 
among tlic friends uf that ko'ciu\ of 
the age, the late I>ivid Garrick, tU\, 
and, a« I'lich, became ffce of his Tiie- 
airc ; however, I nevsr cor. fide red lira 
ai the btft after of ius time.^ Q\iin 
played FatHalf, Barry, Ro>T^er, tull 
as well at Gtrrick ever did any indivi- 
dnal character , his preoemtncnce upon 
the tltge arofe entirely -^nd foicly trom 
hi» performing comic uirh equal tffe^t 
he d:d rragic ciiar«i6)ers ;' and, in this 
obftiTation^ I include you, my learned 
friends of the fock. in^lmuch ;is you 
played a« wefl as any of your landing 
CO ibe (tagc at the Wrfimiiiflci Dor- 

Tint celebrtre<1 maffer of the pencil, 
the lare Sir JoOiua Ke^niUs, I adduce 
In aarhority of tlie juiin^'lV of my abort; 
reuiarkon the UiisvciIarTtv of Gai rick's 
Ictfoic abilities { for, Sir Jofliua paint- 
edour dramatic hero bcuvcen comedy 
aod tragedy^ under which was i'ub- 

*' Raddere perfonae fcit cotivenif ntin cui- 

qu«*" Hor. 

Oire me leave to add, tKat t\\t Kng- 

Hfii Lexicographer, the late Dr. Samuel 

Johofon, who did fo much hiinoUr to 

tlie Rcpublick of L-tier^:, wrote an 

occafionji prologue on Garrick, lils 

friend and Ichoolfellovir, affuming upon 

himCelf the managsmtnt of Oln Dru- 

rjTf in whkh he pur into the fpeaker^s 

JDOQch to allttlion to the univerfaiity^/nar^, 1797- 

of ht« dramatic e^nius, which wat 
conceived in the following eiprefllon ; 

** Self-fnfHcient merit, 
** Arm'd cip-a-pee for either fie!d /' 

or words to ihitt ^flfca, and which I 
rememljer were thought, at the time, 
to border too much on vanitv, the fame 
Ixrin,/ cfelivcred by the party compli- 
mcnced thereby; 

All of you, young gentlemen, iup* 
ported vour chai.idert; ycu delivered 
yourfelvcs with j^rcat propiitty, with 
articulate empliafis, and with much 
judgement. Though I am pafTed h»y 
liift grand climaflcntk, I rhirk I mif. 
fe.l very lew wordv. bluriio, S aphyla, 
Strohilu?, Cnngrib; and Anthrax, wein 
•«!mirah!v pfcrform-jd th(ouglv»ut ; voii 
\v«rc miiaculouny correM, and had 
vour pars not only by, but ilfo tt/, 
he^rt. Yru, Mr. Stevens, I prefti^nn 
to be hf.^H of (he fchool, at well at 
of the DramAtit Perf§nst\ the lattery 
not merely from vour name appearing 
f.ill on the MS lift preftntcd to me bf 
one of the fcholars on the evening of 
exhibition, but as being the capital per- 
f trmer of the night alluded to, accord^ 
ing to my idea of afting, whicli J rootc 
from having repeatedly I'een Garrick tit 
all his charatftr* ; and he hihilcif did 
not eicecd you much in dramatic excel- 
lence in Tome of the icenes, and liiat to<^y 
though his fort was confcfTcdly admit- 
ted to have been in comedy ; and you 
more pariicuiarly excelled in your ad* 
dreft to the audience, in the ninth fcehe 
of tiie fourth aft of the play, e<lit. i6mo# 
Ainflcl. MDCL. The fraternal part of 
your company, Mciri*. Gahagan, feni 
and ;an. next claim attention. E 
know not uhether your mafter has 
made you gcod Uholars, though I havo 
no douf>t but hs hab \ however. I am 
lute he has made you both excel leuc 
cofikit ; \oar cutertainment given *is ia 
the pity was attic; and the prologue^ 
wi;h the delivery, made a dclicioua 

But give me lca7c to advifs you n'>t 
to pride yourle'.ve* too much (whichi 
yet, 1 allow would be rather a difficulK 
matter ) on yonr a£fine upon the 
Weftmiulier theatre, for ^ar it Ihoiild 
prove an obftacle to your ailing equally 
well on the future theatrt of life ) and 
this I do fr^m recol leafing the hard loc 
of one of vour predeceHortt who bad at 
much reaToa to repent his hiving p«r« 
formed lo weU st (her l^mit$rj ai i£ he 

114 -^ Frkuilf EplflU to the Wcftminttcr Scholars. [ Feb. 

hid JUpt there all his life; fince his 
father, who was a lawyer of 6ray*i inn, 
idifinhented him becaufe he engaged 
himfelf to perform at one of the thea- 
tres ; and, according to my eftimaiion 
t)f parental aflr;.dion, of which I fpeak 
feelingly, having fatally expsrienced it 
in the former part of my life, he mighc 
as well have difinherited his fon for be- 
ing a fcholar ; for, our friend Horace 
you knoWt gentlemen, cbferve;, that 

'< Quo femel e(t imbuta recens, feryabit 

Odorem teda diu ;" 

«rbich paiTage, I believe, has been of- 
teptimes thought applicable to the 
fojce of education. The per fon I aU 
ivde to was Mr. Rofs the player. 

Permit me, my youn^ and learned 
friends, to fay a word of Bonne! Thorn- 
ton's tranfiarion of the play in qucf- 
tion« And| (irfr, as to the title Amlit- 
Mria. I am to contend it ought to 
have been tranflated "The Caiket,»' 
9!id not <' The Miftr." Does not £u* 
clio'Siohtaining, hispofTefling, his lo.* 
fiAg» and his recovermgy '*the caiket" 
of gcAif make up the principal buii- 
ncf« throughout the comedy? BeHdet, 
Thornton htmfdf had a precedent ; 
forj he notifies that an Italian tranf- 
lated this play of Plautus, and that he 
caliett it Aulalarim^ faom the vefiel or 
pot in which was the Mifer's treafure; 
and fo he calls his, for the fame rea- 
fon> *•£« Spirts," "The Baikct." 
See Thornton's note at the end of the 
play in ther fecood volume of hit tranf- 
lation* And Moltere, the French 
Writer, calls it L* Avars, 1 fuppofe all 
, thefe comic poets rely on the rhetorical 
figure Profopopceia in their defence ; 
nrhicb pats me in mind of a boy, who 
pleaded the grammatieal Bgure Syn- 
cope upon another occaAon, bat, I 
think, upon much better grounds. Give 
ine leave to trouble you wiih the anec* 
dote. A fchoolfellow of mine at Bury^ 
^'hom the mafter, who was the Rev. 
Mr. Arthur Rynnefman, and, I have 
been informed, had been one of the 
nihers at Wellminfter, could not make 
comprehend the meaning of Syncope, 
delivered an cxercife containing no- 
thing more than tht fubjefl: of the 
theme at top, and his name and date 
ZX bottom. The mailer called the 
flripling up, and aiked him what had 
got the middle part of his exercife. 
«' That is out by Syncope/' fays the 
boy. Our pedagogue ivas fa pleafedy 
that he gave the lad half-a*crown« 

ThoinroR; in the note Uft aboTt 

cited, obfervesj that the Italian's ver- 
fion is very far from a tranflation, the 
author having not only adapted the 
names, but alfo the manners, to thofe 
•f his countrymen, the Florentines; 
and yet Thornton himfelf, in his firft 
note, infortps us, that his reafon for 
adopting the title given this play bv 
Shadwell and Fielding was, becaufe 
" The Mifer" was more familiar to the 
Englijh ear ; and fee his note to v. 4^ 
a£V III. fcene '6. Again : he cites 
<< The Merchant" in Englilh, but 
gives the paflage in Latiu. This feeme 
to be deficient in propriety; 'fee p. 194. 
of the tranilation in ^ellion. Again, 
he tranflates '< ego ufacUm madidum^'^ 
in vcr 103, aft III. fcene fr, " you 
ihali 'be foaked with wine feas over ;'* 
qu. *^ you (ball be drenched with 
wine," omitting //A/ over. Ver. ao^ 
ad IV. fcene I. the literal tranflation 
feems to be better than his. Thefe 
remarks ars not made in malempsrtimf 
but I Aatter myfelf they may in fome 
meafure, perhaps, prove acceptable to 
fome of you. Nothing but an emana- 
tion of gratitude; io return for the 
agreeable evening fpcnt among you, 
induced me to rrooble you with this. 
I am an utter flranger to the Rev. Dr. 
Vincent; and have no acquaintance 
with any of you, your relations, or 

To conclude, if it flrall pleafe the 
Supreme Being to with*hoId Atropoe 
from cutting the thread of my life till 
the next feafon in which there (hall be 
another performance in the Dormitor^p 
nvbem you are a*wake, I hope you will 
then grant rne this favour, that you 
will be pleafed to honour me with 9, 
ticket for a friend and myfelf to whom- 
ever folicits them in the name of 
Dec, %T, 1796. An old Man. 

Mr. Urban, ^^^e^^^'^t, Temfie, 

feo. 9. 

YOUR Magazine falls fo feldom in- 
to my way, that I might hav» re- 
mained many months ignorant of yoitn 
queftion about black and white coats, 
and the confequent lucubrations of 
Anti-Therfites * on my conduA. Ac<* 
cidentaL converfation lately informed 
me, that you had dedicated three co- 
lumns to the old flory of tbe moek irial 
at Cambridge. Curiofity naturally led 
me to look. into your Repofitory \ and^ 

^ This Correfpondent is requefted to h 

TBuittfwitbiiUiiaaif. £p»t. 


fy97' J JLitttrfnm Mr^Fxtnd.'-^barUrid Privilegis of London. 1 15 

as T find t^at your oorrcfpondeot has at< 
Uckcd me upon a fuppolition that I wis 
the author of the letter figned W. f . 
vol. LXVI. p. 1005^ I muil requeft 
you toinfenwt io your next Magi* 
ziiiCy to ihew that petulant gentlemjui 
'on what trifling ground he reds his 
inalif!oiry. I folemnly aflfure you, 
that I was not the writer of that letter ; 
aad that I never heard of, nor (aW, the 
letter, till, after hating read tine re- 
marks of Antt-Theriitei, 1 was indu- 
ced 10 refer to ir. I leave you to judge 
with what fbirit Anti-Therfites wrote, 
when he took fuch anoccaiion to actick 
me, not fcrupling to lay to my account 
a thing of wnteh I was totally ignorant. 
But I nave been fo accuflomed to this 
mode of treatment from the Cabal in 
Cambridge, that it novvceafes to make 
' upon me any impreHiun. 

With refpe^ ro t,he Arcadians, the 
nature of my defence at Cambridge, 
and my contempt of the Cubicjcs, 1 
ihall fay nothing, becaufe my fcnti- 
ments are fully explained in the two 
pamphlets on the Proceedings in the 
Unirerfity, and Appeal to the Court of 
Sing's-bench, pubhihed by myfelf, and 
BOW to be hid. at Robinfons, Pater- 
noflerorow. But, as Anti-Tbeifitea 
refers his riaders xo my pamphlet, 
'* Peace and Union,** to be had at the 
fame bookfeller's, I do the fame ; 
wifhing them only to confidcr, that a 
happy change has taken pUce in pub- 
lic opinion Hncc the firft appearance of 
that pamphlet; and that the rcforovf, 
recommended in it, will not now be 
deemed fufficient by us, whom' Mr. 
Burke is pleafed to call the 80. coo iu- 
coirigibles. I rejoice in thinking, that 
he has neither mis-ftated our numbers, 
nor denied the firmnefs of our fpirit : 
and, as the (yftem of tfp'to^cgt ana 
alarm is daily loiing its influence, I 
have not the Icaft doubt, that the pure 
love of the Conflitution will return to 
the breads of many of our mifguided 
countrymen ^ that they will unite with 
us in deteftiog corruption and fa^ion ; 
and that, by our mutual, prudent^ 
^adual, and irreiiftible, efforts, thefa- 
crcd caufc in which we are engaged 
win triumph over all its enemies. 

As to the (jueltion on black »i)d 
white coats, it is almoft too ridicubus 
a fubjed to employ a moipent's difcuf- 
iioo. Independent men wear what 
cloth they like ; and I fliatl never 
ouarrel with a man about the cut of hit 
peard. He muft be i^ea( finiiicr to 

both Univerfities, who does not know 
fome perfoBS, who, after wearing the 
black uniform, and being engaged a few 
campaigns, 'have (juitted the I'ervice. 
1 couhi name with cafe feveral of thia 
defcription, well known in the Univer- 
Aty of Cambridge, four of whom are 
fenior, and one junior, to mvfelf ;' and 
of them, two, if not three, were Fel- 
lows of Colleges. When the fpirit 
which tinged the coat was evaporated^ 
the colour was naturally changed. 

YourCorrefpondent hints, that, be- 
caufe I have been fo much perfecutcd 
myfelf, I am likely in my turn to be- 
come a perfecutor. Time niooe can 
rel'olve the queftion : hut he is very 
welcome to my prefent thtmghts ; ac* 
cording to which, if I were under the 
neceility^f paiiing fentence on the Cu* 
bicks for their fad condu£^, J would 
difmifs the whole body, the twenty- 
feven, the quiMqutviri^ and^the dgttm* 
wrf, fipm my prcfence and my recol- 
le£iion, in the words of the Queen of 
Spain to the Grand Inquilitour: *' Oo 
away, ye hypociues! to you, and to 
men like you, are owing the revolu* 
tions and bloodflied which now prevail 
in the worlds" W. Faeno. 

Mr. Urb^n, Fib. 10. 

IN* looking into the Charters of Lono 
don, I nnd, in the Statute of Henvy 
}. ** et cives London, habeant fugattonet 
fuas ad fugandum, Ocut melius et pic- 
nius habuerint antecelTores eorum ; fcil. 
in Chiltre, & Middlci'ex, et Surr." fa 
the Charter of Hen. IJU *' Concedo e- 
tiam eis quod habeant fugationes fuas 
ubicunque eas habuerint tempore Reg. 
H. avi mei." In the Charter of Rich. 
1. " Concedimus etiam eis quod ha* 
heant fugationes fuas ubicunque eas ha- 
biierunt tempore Reg. H avi Henrtd 
patiibnoflri.*' In the fird Charter of 
King John, ** Concedimus etiam eii 
^uod habeant fugationes fuas ubicuti- 
que eas habuerunt tempore Regis H. 
avi Henrici patris noftri." (la Gd. a90. 
12.) As your Printer is one of the 
Guardians of the Rights of the Citizena 
of London, you doubtlefs will admit a 
Query, how far they retain the right of 
free chace in Chiltre, Middlefex, and 
Surrey, granted and confirmed to thetj^i 
by the above antieot charters ? $• A* 

Mr. Urban, Ffh. ii. 

IN the learned, ingenious, and lively 
remarks on the Nomenelature of the 

Bxitiik MATy, (pp. »6-'^o)| i^um^iL* 

1 16 Remarks ^ Names of Ships in tht R$fal Navj. [F.cb. 

tioned, that, id t lift of 1684, pub- ferC9riL*, tbeCmdify, tbtHMtm$gt to^ 
lifliedin Arcli3K)loj!U*v. XI loc of the C/*wj, ^c 9€ To encore a lew 
^ip» is denominated Mort Honour \ aud pertinent linci from the aft ttanz* of 
in a note it is fuggeOrd, on the tutho- H. Lcmoine's Od. r» SvUaDUR l)r}M4> 
j\x^ of <ome official MSS. that it was bo his for.ip)eting hu LXVI'h folumis. 
written «z/r/ Htnour, d4ir liourur « And raaT thy pagf hiftoriciboodadare^ 
watSp however, the origioal name of thre «< }»faee h the iVord.' and ev'ry cou'Ury's 
fliip in queftion ; for thus it is i6prat- care, 

edly (pelt hy Pliiiisas Pctte, 10 the Me- " To conBmcrcc lumM, (hall ferdnic «ch 
ipoirs of his oWnLifc; (Arcbaol. T. fpot, [t«i^' 

XII. pp.*«». 1R4); and he was the nriaf- '^ And bids with fa;rinci cafe llic yeoman s 
terlhipwright wi.o had the fioifbing of - j^^. Urban will be pie* fed to iranf- 
it. tatr Htneur is clearly a French mit my thanks to Mr.H. Goffe (p. 35.) 
appcllJltion ; and may it not be duly f^,. ^jg obliging peimiflion 10 let mc 
lendered 7bf Sia*i Glory ? have a vitw of his ptfluie of a c«pital 

The /?»yfl/^fli/^»'r^« IS another name (hip of war, pointed iir the reign of 
compounded of an aojc^ive and (ub- jjf|,cs the FirM, or Charles the Firft ; 
ftaative ; ibou^h, as we arc informed by ^^ cftcr I tball readily acapt in my 
PhineasPelie (and he and his (on Pcttr u^onted fprirg-trip to {^ondon, (hould 
yrere the buildti* of this capital man of nothing unfmcfeen anfe to prevent it, 
war) at the time qf its being launched, j \y^^^ ^^^^ either the purfe of a cpUec- 
8\r Robeit Manfcil, by the King's tor. oi the iaf«e erf a conooilTeur. "My 
comtnand, pronounced it 10 be the vvifli ic to have, an opportunity of com- 
Sovtreigfi cf tbi Sias i and I. im inclined p.irin^' this piflure with Tome note% I 
to (ufpeft it mipht nor acquire the epi- have lakcp ci a few prints frcin draw- 
tht t /Jf>ii/ before the Refloraiion. This ingi i;;incd to be of ihtf fame age; 
Ijr^m* ha* been Ukewife abbreviated and 5^ fj-om Mr. (5 's dcicription ) clearly 
corrupted by the litera^j taltnts of our pctcivc ih^r Allen's print of the fup- 
tars ; and it B. who dates his letter from pofcd Great Hany could not hate beea 
CUatham, was th<rc rcfidcnt when the adincatcd from liis piftuie, which is 
Royal Sovereign W4i a fliip in t>r%t!nary repielcntcd as prepared to engage aq 
in t'h^t port, or a guardftiipwi the Nort, enemy j for in Allen's print the fliip is 
he muft have, often hcaid it ftyled iht tlr<l]H with a variety of nreamers, as 
Sujf ranee. on a gaU uccafion. 

Doe* Steel's Vadc Mc^um I'pecify a aI«s, Stonehen^c? wVcrc were the 
fioglc (hip with an appellation of a pa- Genii of the Druidical Temple, while 
citic/cal\? Fn>m the (ikticc of 89 1 in- a few rabbets wtrc undermining the 
fer it does not ; but io the Lift in Ar- Ooms thar had continued upright for no 
^haologia, to which .he refers, at y, one can t«ll how many centuries ? For, 
185, is regiftcred the faker's Retch {j, ^\^\^ cauCe, iind not to a rapid thaw 
of 79 toni,aDd lOgUDs; and a/r/ fliip ^f^cr a high froJl. i-^ this cataftrophe 
of 145 lon^, with the (jme number of atiiii.utcd m a KcmiHi Gazcrtc. — And 
gun», called Fiac^, Perhaps the Ad- ^j,y ^ij^j n^j if, tutcUt Sa'nt rjc6k fiom 
iniraUy-Bpud, who. as your humorous ii,e into ihc T>gus the Poiru^oefe 
correfpondcnt I'urroife', are the fponfor* ^ ' 

of a roval ihip xvh.ii it is launched, ^ On tV.c intcndea bunching at Dcpt- 

might dilconiinue the latter deuo^n:..a. ^ ^ ,^ .^^ ^,^^ ^f^^^^ ;,f ,;.^ .^,^., ^,. 

lion, as not conceivirn it to be quae -^^j-^^ ,^,^j ,,,^ ;.,^^,, CGf», K^S Un^^h 

appofite to a vcllci full chirked w:ti» ^.^^^^ ^^.^^ prtf-nt, \o named thefc Ihip'^. 

couibultil^le^ : nor indeed, in tcimihg of late y*rnrs, tbtjfliip— v ncrs of the E,il>- 

iny roan of war Peace, wouJd there \< liu!ij*Cumpnny have gcnei al y given a pre- 

ihat happy coincide lictween names ^Tencc to the n.mies t>f rainttlcrs and of 

and things, averred to be I'o common in othei pcrfons of high rank; viz, the /r//- 

thc following adage, by a writer uu- <*»»« Pifh tlie litwv jMffuLs, the L^d Tbur^ 

known:— ^^'*'» '^'*^ ^'' (aotnitaUis, Uc. &c. Is it 

« Conveniapt rebiis nomina f»pc fuif. ^"^ » ^» I^' .^»^\S<^' ^''^^; ^^'l' J"'' V'J^^i 

\^'- ^ wt J • u mtnt o( more thiin twelve years, the t;»»«p 

But It IS much to be wtfhed that ere ^^^; ^j^^^jj ^^ ^v.i^ „^^„ Hf/hicrufum, as it 

^ODg all the Eaft- India and other mer- ,pigj,t have, nuiked a pcruxl m which 

fhant /bips may be again folely em- there was a material change in the rood<} 

ploycii in their piiftine line of lervicc, of Jh omincrcial fraternity? 

and refume or afTume the appropiiate Is there not an Jutft-Iuuia (bip called th.^ 

Aumes ot tfic TcMdi^i bariaji^ ibi ?#/• DhtOor? _ ,. 

17970 tfiC9mmtndat9rjLetierforadiftrfffedMwt^Ump.\l.V\\\. 117 

Pilinurat* who from ignorance or frnin 
drowfinefs occjtfioncd tltc lo(s of a 6rlt- 
rate m>n of war, diflinguiflied by the 
a|»pe}farioa of St. Gsorge? In former 
dtvs, two fuch cveaCf would have been 
dccincd comnion in a peculiatl'eiroc.S. D. 

Mr Urban, Jan. 6. 

IP vou think the following c^P)'* <^^^ 
original of which written on vellum 
if Dc'W in my pofleffion, woith infett- 
iag ID your Mifccllany» it is at your 
fervicc. It w«n at leaft (hew that the 
mode of f' licit! ng relief, by petition is 
of f^me sptiquiiy, and* by the refpeA- 
ability (Ji thr fj^nnetirts*. it fhotild feem 
that afis of thti kind were not in thofe 
days lightlv confidered. Ic is t > be re- 
grcned that, in the prcfenc, thrv are too 
€>ften granted with little regard to the 
pctcnfionsof the Petitioncr^t. W. B. 

" To all true Crimen peopili in Crlft to 

whome this p'fent Vrcs (ball com**, fee, or 

rede, we Thorn s Clynton, Kny^l.t, Lord 

Clymon, 3nd SAy, John HohanI, Mayre 

of the town and poite of Sande^viche, ami 

JiT.tts «if the fame, Mail' Leonard Egllf. 

teld, parf'>n of Siint Pcrer's chur;.he ther, 

Thomas Hnrden of the hunfhotd of o' So- 

ucreijn Lord the King, geniylman, Symnn 

C^don, and Reymon', at Cheke*, other* 

wife named Rey mound Harftru, of the 

p'iftieof AQie, next unia Sandwidi, fore- 

iaid yom^n *, fenden greaticg in o' I^rd 

God, Eu' lading w* due reuercnce appteyn- 

inc. And forasmoche as it is merytory^- 

00s, meilhilli an J neceflary, to euery true 

ChfloQ creature to tedifie and record the 

truttie of ew'y matter doubtful! and uncer- 

tayn, and inc({)eciaU when at th' inftaunce 

of panic he thcrvnto (hal be ret^u red : 

We cherfiM- the f.iid I,ord Ciynton, Mayer, 

and Jurats, Leonard, Thomas Horden, Sy- 

roon, and Reymonndy at the efpec'all in- 

ftaunce and re<iiieft of Nicholas Yong, of 

tbc p'iftie of Afhc, forcfeiil, teftific, and 

for tnithe do rccnrit, that\vhef' a> the ftWd 

Nicholas had and occupied a houfe as a 

♦ It is extraorc'ir.ary that Raymond 

Harflce, alias Septua<.b, defcendeJ from 

one of the tirft families in Kent, (houM 

be here fly e.f yeoman. The original of a 

grant of armS| or ra;her a conhrmation, 

to his grandfon Chriftopher Haiflete, of 

Molland, in Aih, is in my poircfTion ; in 

which the pedigree is giren at large for 

many gen^atiotis back, and the feveral 

qaarterings of Twitham, Sandwich, £Uif, 

^ookoy Wioborn's and Wolfe, allowed 

luid confirmed to him. This f<imily is very 

lately become -ex tin A. Simon Gafun was 

l^kcwife of a rerpe^ble fanoily. 

chaiibryng-hoQfe*, iett in the King*! 
hi|j;he wey in Afhe, forefaid, wltkhe was 
ni>t onely fin- the refrelbing and liarbuiSng 
of Cache par£aiu as that ^wave paffid and 
repaifid, Ku incfpeciall refrefshed and 
h.«rbured dyw*« and ineny of o' Soo'dgn 
JAjrd the K<ng's iabgietL^, w^ lus Grace 
gouig ouer mthis his late mort royall and 
viclorioiK jo'oey in the r 'tit . heyomle tbe 
feef . Whiche faid houfe in the e\7n of 
Saint Frauncis, in tlie vith yce of the 
rei^n of o* Sou'ei.^n Lord the King, that 
now L«, l*y mi&tonu r, in great ten»pcft of 
weJer, in the n»gh 'ymc, tlie fame houfe 
was fo«ler!v fyrcd and brent. The whiAie 
houfe af ' the difcea*? of johan, ttic wiA'of 
the faiil Nichol*s, fba 1 remayne tmto oon 
TliomnsGardyner, fonne of the faiJ Johan, 
by »hc lart Will of John Gardyner, of the 
p*'fbe of Afhe, fbrefjid, whdl he levyM. 
And tlie fame houfe. the faid Nicholas is 
not able to buil«!e, oneles by the ayde and 
he!p v.i fuche his giKxl- mafias and ffircndS 
that of timirecharitie (hall geve him ayde 
and cutrforthe. WJicrfare we h.-TTtelie de- 
fif t* you and p'y you that if it f:>rtune the 
iaid N'clio as to come emongs you, or any of 
you, that ye then do hvm comforthe, to- 
wards (he buyUhng of the faid hnufeu So 
anil in fuche wife as we may do for you in 
li;<e cafe, when y»or any of yau (ball re- 
quire us. In witneffe whereof, we the 
faid Lord Ciynton, Mayor and Juratts, 
Leonard TI)om*s Horde^l, Symony and 
Rt ymuund, at the fpccial' inftaunce and 
reqoefl of the ibrrfaid Nicholas Yong, to 
thi9 p'^'fc'ts o' fea'.s we have pott the 
Secound day of Jannar, in the v.ith yereof 
the Rei^n of our Sou^^ign Lord Kios; 
Henry of £iigbnd the Eight. 


Fh. Clymton and Say. (^eal) L D. 
No Signature, Seal of M^yoialty onlf^ 

the fame now in ufe. 
P' me Leooapiu Eglysfcl ', (ScjJ) L 
No Signature (Seal) T:|:p 

Be me Simon Gafon, (feal) a bird witSv 

a fcndl iifuing from its mouth, illegiblje. 
Raymond, at Cbeker (feal brokeii and 


* Chaffering* houfe muft here mean a 
public houfe, or inn, aUhougl) I h^ive not 
been able to meet with it any where in 
this fenfe, its more proper fignificatinn be* 
ing, as I cor!ceive, a (hop for various kinds 
of mtrrchandife : perhaps bofh occupationa 
might id this inf^auce have been followed 
togftl.-pr, not unlikely at this day to bk 
fbund 10 fome retired countr)' viliagcL 

+ Henry VIIL invaded France in. 151 j, 
he lumfeJf landing at Calais on the jtUi pi 
June. Part of his armyyCOAfiding of both 
horfc and foo% fimharkeil from Sandwich, 
and muft in their march luye ^iii£c4x.\atxaii^ 
the vill?^ of A(h» 

jx8 ^/rM; Stewart. — Bp.hi(\c^ 

Mr. Urban*. Jan. 20. 

EE. A-. LXVI, p. 1018. notices an 
• inachronifiii in cheaccouDC of Sir S:ewart, ofBUckhall, p. 963. 
This, I rupp'>(e, aroCe from an error of 
rhe prefb, but, as I have po copy of the 
^ificr I feoJt >ou, I cannot he pofnive 
whcihcr the fnifiskc rcJu'ted from my 
|«tt€r or oot. Sir Michael Stewart wai 
married 4ih June, 1738, his wire <1icd 
in 1746. Sir Michael wasfon of John 
Stewart, the younger, of Blackhall, 
who predeceafed his fatlier Sir Archi- 
\u\d Stewart, of Blackhall. Sir Mi- 
chael had a tw'tn fiftcr, Joanna, marticd 
^0 January, 1750. t-^ JohnGiiliesD. D. 
•■« of tjic r^inifters ofGlafgow, and 
idied D«:c. 3» 179*. leaving an only 
child, Rebecca, married to the H >n. 
Col. David Ltflie, iccood Tqii of the 
.prefent Earl of Levjn. Dr. Gillies 
fiied March »9, 17961 ift the S^th year 
of hia age, aod 54th of his mioiftry. W, 

Mr. Urban, Putney; Fib. 7. 
?\rOUR Correfpoudcot E. E. A. 
X' LXVI. p. iciS. profeflfes to fend 
you a moie accurate copy of Bifliop Lille's 
epitaph at N^ithall than that which ap- 
VK^Tt in my arcount of that paiiih. On 
comparing the two copies, I found noma- 
teral variation, except m the lafl palFage, 
whi£h your concfpoudent h^s copied 
thus :— !** hxc difTnitaiis munerafumma 
<\im fi'lc dilicintia // fuo-vitaie cxplc- 
^rit ;** in my c»"»py the conclufion of the 
paflTage is, •* fdc, diligent iu, gra^uita^it 
«Kpltvit." Throu)»h rht favor of Mr. 
Archdeacon Eaton, H«-*^^^r of Northal), 
the pp.tfa^e in ([ucftiun hac been collated 
t\'irh the orijj;mal, hnd I have the fatis- 
f i^ti's.t; of Tindi'jg that I had copied it 
accurately. Y^'ur Corrcfpondcnt re- 
mark^ alfo. that I have not publiflied 
the B»fliop*s ej.itaph in the fame foim 
in vvhich it is found on the |lab which 
covers the dcceafcd preUtc's remains. 
It ha> betnufjal, I confcis, in printing 
epiiaph^t ^^ utam the tormof the lines, 
and in the firfV volume of my work I 
adopted the fame mode ; but, as I found 
iny materials and the bulk of my vo- 
lumes incrcafe, I abandoned it, as think- 
ing it of little confiqucnce whether 1 
S' referred ihc form of lines, which are 
;|rom divided with any rtpard to the 
ft life, be log gcivt rally adapted to the 
Oiapc of the tablet, or phiccd accord* 
ing to the caprice of the Mafon. 

YourS|&c. DAN.LYfiQNS. 


Mr. Urban, Fek. 8. 

F o»r Lc^ (l.^tors arc not acquainted 
H'jsJj tlicfruiciplcs of ch« Quakert, 

--^ahrSf^Stveri Malady, f Feb 


they ouehr to W informed', that an in- 
termarriage of any of the focittv wi b a 
perfoQ of a difTerent religious petfuafioa 
is a complete difcharge from ad bene- 
fits of the fociety, and a forfeiture 6f 
acknowledgment by them. This it 
partirulvly nectffary to be known a^ 
this jiin^^ure, when fo many have a- 
v&ijed tUerr.felves of a particular pofi- 
ciC'i) ^Uufe -under the Cavalry K&if 
>vhich provides, that *' where any per- 
fon, being of the people called Quakers, 
who (hajl be liable to the fertice re- 
quired by the faida^, produces a cer- 
tificate, under the hands of two or 
m )re reputable houfekeepers, being of 
the people called Q}^aktJ%^ acknoivUd^^ 
ingjv.b perjbn to bg 6/ tbgir psr/ma/iOtt,^ 
that perfnn (ball be ftruck out of the 
fill, or clafs, and be fined 2Qs. for each 
horfe, mare, or gelding." Now, Mr. 
Urban, would your impariiul judge- 
ment pronounce fuch perfons, who have 
voluntarily fubje6tcdthemfelves toeon- 
ditions under which the fociety at large 
would renounce and reje£l them, de. 
ferving to be acknowledged of other 
perfuafions? or, if theyarciis it not en- 
couragement fhr half the world to af- 
r^me the chara6^er of Quaker ? 

No Sectary. 

Mr. Urban, Ftb, w. 

IT is natural for the diflreljcd to fccjc 
for relief j and it is but too common 
for the unpiited to repine. My malady 
is fuch ai> few experience, and there- 
fore what excites little commiferation : 
yet it h to me a matter of peculiar con- 
cern, and particularly at this prefent 
period, ^ut as 1 urge no other claim 
to your infertion hereof than that of 
humanity, and the probability of l>cing 
able 00 future occafions to furniOi you 
with articles mere iniercfting, I (hall 
in a few wnrds endeavour to give fomtf 
i4ea of my cafe. Every winter, for S 
years pall, my hands have been de- 
formed and tormented with thofe red 
fwcllings or txcrefcences called chil- 
blains, and to fuch li degree that 1 have 
often in fomc meafurc been a bnrthch 
to rnvrdf and thiife around me; nor 
have I everhad an opportunity of fee- 
ing any perfon afflided with them to 
fuch a degree as myfclf. I have con* 
fulted medical knowledge on the fub- 
je6l both at home and abroad, and ap- 
plied various medicines ; but the utmoft 
lienent 1 have experienced from them 
was only momentary or temporary rew 
lief. The decree or uneahnei^ I endure 
from this complaint, in frody weather^ 
when waunth foccccds cold, is exnui- 


1797*] RtmarMIi Mtdkal Ca/i.-^Obftrvations on Englifh Coim^ 1 19 

fite. And at the poignancv of the piin Richard III. (likcwife the only one 

renderi me in foine meafurc unfit tor in this reign), which determ.nes tht 

reflefiion, fo the fwellinf^t on the joints, number of (hillings to be (horn out of 

and even points of the fipjj^eis, make the the pound troy « at 37 fbil'ings and 6 

hands ftiif and even unwieldly, and al- pence. From this proportion th^ 

moft iccapachates me for any manual weight of each penny aopenrs to hwve 

occupation. been 12 grninc, and 360 grains ovt:r* 

To a perfoo not under the neceffity When Mr. Lafkcy his perufed there 

of toiling with his bands for a fublifl- indcnturts, and has considered hnu^ 

eacc, the inconvenience would not be fo very improbable it is that'his penny 

great} and by ihe fame rule a perfca Oiould have been coined at a greaier 

in that fituanoi^it dot, or need not be, weight than the indenture requires, h^ 

fo expofcd to the inconTcnience, fuppo- will peihaps be inclined to ('ufpefit that 

ling him e<iually liable to it. But 10 it is of an earlier date than he haa 

CDS who ha«, at prcfcnt, neither fer- aUicned to ir. 

vant to di6)ate ro, money to fupporC From Mr. Lowndes's book he will 

bioi, or friends whom he can depend learn, that the reign of Richard IT. 

00 for a livelihood, you cannot but immediately followed that of Edward 

own. Sir, that the incipacity of b's 111. confequently did not precede thaC 

hands, in times like tliefc^ is a maiier of Edivard I. which feemi to have 

of iwrtcus concern. been Mr. L-iikey's idea ; otherwife h^ 

This being my cafe, then, neetl I would not h^^e infrrred from the pen- 
add, rhac it will afford me uiifeigned ny btrini; (iift lowered to li grains ifl 
latisfrt^tion, and confer a great ob.iga* the iSih \ of Kiiuvaid f. th?t .the 
lit n upoa me, if by yuur infertion penny of Richard tl. mufl be of th^ 
hereof, fomc benevolent medical gen- weight of 22 giains and a hvif. 
tlcman ffliall be Simulated, through the His two merr? jef^s, about, clipping 
medium of your magazine, to propofe his coin, orerAling liie niinc-mnrk, ar« 
an (.i!t dual remedy tor this painful and fo good, that 1 am unwilling b'xh o€ 
dllgu (ling ailment, which has in tome thrm ihcuid be loft; and iherefi-n-d 
Oicalure embittered fo great a pornon wi(h he would tiy either one or th« 
of my life; and which rentiers meat other, and he uiH then fee whtthe* 
prefent unBt for exertions which my the joke will puf<t current, f am rcjf-' 
neceffities require. felf inclined to prrfcr che 61ft plan. a# 

As there may be many ufeful mem* the fchcme of irppnfJni; upon coitcc'. 

bcrs of fociety labouncg under tl.ciaHnc tors, by the li^'htne(s of ■ coin clipped 

inconvenience, and in other rcfpeflb in w.thin the letters, his an air of novel- 

a fimilar fituation with the wii^cr, it is ty dnd ^rc«it ioifrnuity. '. 

h. pcd, that confjtit ration n»4V have Mr. I. -.Iktv cannot read di cra oW 

(otne weight in aflbrdirg admiirion to Mr. S.)ut|l^alt:•« p;;nny o/l^.chardlU|. 

litis ftaienient, and to plead yourcxcnfe neither en J ; no n.o.c w^n ].ca<l hia 

for the trouble given you by J M. divs ex. 'J'hc tivc dots were iti»'erc- 

' ■ '" ed, bccaul'c 1 thought the traces of Aa 

Mr. Urban, F/A. 9. many letters were dikovcrablc bui;, 

Ieniirely agree with your Concf^on- as I could not Diike them cut to in)( 
dent Mr. Lalkev, that ii is from in. own latiitfaflion, I left them ro the fa* 
dentures alone we can afci-tttin the g^city o^ my readers. S;me of the 
weight of our early Englifli coins; and let:e(S which ccmpofe the words DE& 
therefore refer him to *' A Report con* GRATIA appear upon all the gcnuino 
raining ao ElTay for the Amendment of coins oi Richaid 111. which have yet 
the Silver Coins," publ>(Iied by Mr. been publifhcdj^evcn upon the half- 
Lowndes in 1695. At the 37rti page |^nnie& ; I cannot, thcrctoic, but ihnk 
he will (ind jn indenture or the iSth them efieDtial (o an undoubted penny 
of Richard II. (the only one in thut of that munnrch. Mr. Souihgate's 
reign); from which he will learn that a wdl-pr-.ttifcd eye, 1 know, could dif- 
pound of (liver was to make 300 (\er- cover Dl gra upon his coin, for he fd 
fmi^S, going for pence apiece. This read ic to me. By the way, where 
gives 19 graii.^ for the weight of each il-pt the microl'copic eyes of the Anti- 
penny, and 60 grains over. quary Society (which Mr. Lafkey Jays 
Sociliog, for what reafon I know fo great a AieCs upon), when the pen« 
not, fixca the weight at 18 grains. If nies of Richard I. >v8re adoiiiicd into 
he will then turn ro page 41, he witl their books } 
lacct with an indcntuxc ol the sit of Kti') 

no Early'^Ti^i^Cohn.^^AtlaeiofthiTrtnt\ionth$fiIJ!^i^t. [Fetx 

Anv coileQnrof co'DI will ft'ivc Mr. 
Lalkcy (uch SftaccuuBtof Mr. Whire't 
fabr cations, «• will coiiv«nct nun chat 
ft was pot one falfc {lep that eoiii ely 
luinrd hit iamt, 

1 ftar Mr. Laikey miOaket, in 
b'ls opinii>n iha* rhe coin in qutllton 
wtii be more valuable, (hould it be al- 
certained ro bdone to Richard II. 

lu the S-iXon Cnronicle, at p 113, 
he will mere with DiPtLiN; and on 
the Ir<(h coins or J<*hn, and HeurvIII. 
^ith DIW and dive, which prove the 
fpeiliug 10 have becu foRic tiinc»Dite- 
lin. « 

If he will f kc the t«o'jb!c to irpc- 
rufc my Ibou letter, \\K will, 1 muU; 
lind 00 cxpriili'>n there which wtil 
authori7c hiTi rt» Ixiicvc that I fuf- 
pef^ed \vx\\ i>( ?.ny inttntion to flcreive; 
bur it will appear then lUat I I'tiou^ht, 
whit 1 llill think, he niilUkes 
in theappitipr-rftion of hi^coin. 

Since my l:{tt letter was wiittfn, I 
have not ouiv rc4il Mi. Stebbin;; 
ShawS acrfMini of the <!iic<»vcry of the 
fu<9e£lcd pcntiir;. of Siepliin, hut alfo 
havi: been tavouitd by hmi ^\iih the 
inlpr6)i(in of cue •>{ them. I'he ex- 
ternal evideitce it, I <irknDvltd{rf, per* 
fcAly raiistj^\(iry ; hut i mull lUII re- 
peat thar the ro.n itlelt i>ears a iiiol) 
qucftion'ib'c ihi^^te. If <i leverfc cop'<:d 
f(om a- wcU-k.ii)'A'ii Sax .-u coin, and 
■ bull on the 'ibvcife iu({<', cftn af- 
^ fc£tedly (o, h{.y«}nu the woikmindiip 
of the other paiC3 of the c«j'n, will not 
juitify hehtatrn, 1 muft cuu;rnr mv- 
iiclf with being coi.lilercd as un u:prt4- 
looablc fccpiiik. R. 

Mr. Urban, Ftb, n. 

THE original Letter herewith Tent 
was e'.ven to me bv a i;,entlenian 
of hi(ih rank in literature, tuTo whofe 
hands it came fome vcart a^o with 
fome papers of confeqoencc on another 
fubjeit. Neither the date nor the per> 
fon to whom it was addrcffed are at 
prefeni kn/)(vn ; but both may prob.^- 
bly be difcovcfcd by foine of your in- 
genious readc's. As the circumftances 
delciibed or alluded to feem to bear a 
neur lefcmblance to ihe prefenr con- 
juncture of atf.iirs, the publication of it 
may perhaps ufFird fome ftmufement. 
Yours, &c. ' M. G. 

Mod tionorable. Give me leave, in 
purfute of my former accompt, to relate 
unto you, thar, by letters from Scotland, 
we are informed that 14 Dunkerquei-s, 
which wee conceive to be thofe whom 

your Graces fleet chafed, pafling along the 
Ihih coal>, did there tike 3 Aup«, whereof 
llie chief was a Hollander ; and proceed- 
ing north wanl to fpoile the fifhernnen, 
l.«i^ed 5ro men (as they leport) uppou 
the illes of Shetbindy when tliey wafted 
the cuunci ie ^iid put mame to the fword. 
Tbc bulfes, as it feemfiili, fownd meaner 
to lave tliemfilvs ; fi-r I yet he:ire hut of 
'2 that i^tre takeni tliowgh the fhips cum 
ahin* as faire as the coa(l betwixt Aher- 
dine and Surhtirowgh. Then tl)ey were 
f(iw|>lit with by 4 Huthihd w^ufiirs and :i 
.Scoifinan, wtieiYof tliey funck 3, and die 
otber a Cived tiicmfelvs by Aight. Vet 
iher ii hope Mi..t they Ihall fiud more iti- 
cr- unlet* ihtn they cxped ; bec.iwfe (:ts the 
Semites Ani>wirjdi)t* telleth me) befides 36 
fdilu uhicii keep watch ai Dvmkerque, 
t'lcv have 14 waffers heloiigms^ to tliefe 
fifhernieo, :ind £o more lent td gwird 
tJiem l>y tlic Stites. Our fifbermen h.ive 
alfo 4 wat^'et., .inJ our co-ilthips 6, hefides 
the 3 which gwarJ the Elve. So their S3 
ili'ps may fu.*tice to cleare their feas. 
And t'ur the land the trained hands, upp^m 
the nurtheru coall, are in readinefs and 
foud watch, aud beacons kept to prevent 
aiiie dofcent. Fiona the Elve we heare, 
Uiat ttie Humburgei's, with about 50 faile 
of (hips ami 4 waffers, have eiidevored 
to t'oi ee iht:ir f 1 ee pulTafe for Sp un ; and 
that Si* Sacvilc Trevor, with his three ' 
(hips and a or 3 met chants, hath fowghc 
With them, but with what ifTuu is yet ur- 
kuoun. To meet iJie Ihips fioai Aiii- 
ll'^nlAtn, bcfide the Entrance, Marierofe. 
Onr'.e*, r.iul St. CMatid, with s meicliairs 
Atceniling fiir ileitry Mervin for the ibr.ds; 
the St. George, BrMLidventure, and Cniver- 
titvn are making teadie ; and berante thein 
will iti^u re 14 daies time Insfuie tl'.e, \y.Vi 
to iajLf wee aie in tieatie wr.h the Tuik-.s 
cuinp:)nt£ tiir ten of their ihips, which are 
rcaUie for their voyage to eixiphiy a litie 
time in Ibis ftrvice til \Xit kfng'^ tliips m.:y 
i'lina and i'ei them fi'er, which, in'regaid of 
the booiie oifireJ to tliem, the mafters w;!-* 
lin^ly undertake ; an^l we tiope the corn- 
panic wil not cont'aJitft. Wee do alfi> 
I'enJ two ketc!)cs to ohferve the cuning 
out uf the French aiiout the Tcifel, aiut 
tt> nive warning to the (bipsj befidts the 
meanes your Grace did write of wil not be 
negkAeii. The king of Denmark's am- 
bail'.Klor in France haih writien to tlieir 
agent liere to procure Utters of fafe con- 
dudt for 20 French Ihii^fs to tranfpurt ;ooo 
Fi-ench loldiers to the aid of .ttut kjig. 
But, for aflUran^e of the realitie of this 
intention, wee firft informed ourfelvs 
whether the rnen bee ieraed and readie a: 
Diep to bee embarqued as is pretended. 
Beddes wee wil be fatisfied whether, under 
this maflc, they itod not their fliips to 
gward home thofe in HoUand, or to do us 
other hamw. 1 preiumc your grace is ad« 


fjqj.] O igmJltiitir^ Kfr.Co\i^^-^rdirsinC^fi§flnvaJiin. lai 

ExtrmB fnm tfrtdn* Or^irs matt /# 
ke §b}frVHl ufn mmy Fo-aine /«- 
t^V^9«> f9r tb9fe Shirts tbttt tft upm 
tbt Sfa Co ties. Printed 1642 

« ^T rH£REFOR£ I hold it ftir the 

bei^ 4tNl iiiieil wa^ to fuflbr 

I, v«itiM, ttat thikinff df Dsmnark hith 
. fat hlctMr two iwnbaflMwt. to iMdiitt 
. fM>« crattie glL p«i»c« tawixt hts majeftie 
mW cHs ^mch : ana thai-tlM ambafladtirc 
.*igf iiie Suifff ind of Venice ^ vehemently 

* Mor in it as a matif much cmcemmg 
thi jjfdSwvatida of Oermanic, aud the j,^ eticiy (comtning to invaJ.) 10 l»ad 
gpck) of tSc commoD cawfc . His malcltic, ^^^i^ ^ tj„ plrafure, which he "will 

'.l|t hitftnog thii day toward j Warn fte "d, othenvife doe wheclicr you wilbor no, 

i;nfpiiuiided wmt to acqtaint ihem <«^'^* onely froniing lum in the plaines witli 

mark wkh hit royal and cooftant afreAion ^^^ ^^ fcra«'». And hy all meaits and di- 

to his Biicley and refoloiion to funher \^y^^^ to draw He vit:.iaiesy C4iiel, car- 

• wlMCf^ver (k»ll rerily advance his atfiirif ^^^^ and come behind yinir' b.icke : i«iid 
. evielul to relate ami hioi the occ^iions uf ^^^ whicit you c^nat^t 10 uva<t and fpnyle, 
. thii warre, proceedini; ^«>» the Frenches ^^^ ihe enemy t-k.-; uo aJvaniHge Diereof ; 

abandoning of the p.irt'e, ouiking treatie i^^^^ping fuch ftraiglits and ^alfagcs with 

with Spaiiie, and lin«hng ihem his har- ,|. fo,»teni«n, as may be kLepi ; and 

horcwtln againft us, and ditcovenng an ^^j^i,^ „,iiti Tmalt numbers uf v our horfe- 

incciiti«m l«» extirpate religion, and to run ^ * . . ... 

a cnirfe to tlic ruin of <>ur ourn affairs and 
theirs. And that to di a<v him from thcis 

pemiti'm« cnunccis thM* refted no other 
V«y» *»«t t> make him fenfible of his own 
f iffring thereby. Nc»twitt)ltandins, if anci 
oovertu^^e Ihall be mads by ihem that 
matte the breach, to a better underftanding, 
his roajef^ie will he readic to give eare to 
fuch piopofitions as (WaII hee liouoralUe 
and &r. But chat anie (uch Ihmid bee 
^made, or any trcatie bee propwrnded by 
his u» clc, till there appeared an eqail dif- 
|>uIition of bo€|i Odes, may be thought un- 
to. I do the rather give «hi» accoiipt 
ihns pirticularly to your grac^, to give 
occaiion to your own wi(d«m, both to ob- 
ferve anddifpofe the times and itie events 
lor a fea(ifm:«ble atonement j and Ood. I 
liope, will pot the advantage into ymir 
hands, wl>erchy ac wel your miKlemiion 
as yoor valor miy make h s majeftic glo- 
rioos in fhe fwccefs of tho warrc, and the 
happinefs of a Cure peace. I crave pw- 
dooy if herin 1 procncd further then is fttt. 
AjuI further bee pleafed to underhand that 
the earl of Argilo maketh h»s way to re- 
turn inw* Eng»aiid, and hath alreadie gotten 
a pals for tlic Infiwita fir his free tranfpor- 
cationwith his wife, ctiiUlnMi and giKKl^. 
His ladic has alfo written to her filter 
to take a houfe in London for them. This 
tppenreth by Irtte.s ubich, by Sir John 
Hinp«fli«*!i means I inrerct!|>tc*l ; and his 
majefty hath *this day referi^ ir to fome 
UiTUs to cooftder the inconveniences of his 

men, you m>y ftfely doe ontiilgre^te power 
diie come to backe ydU. And chough tliey 
winne fomc fcraigtiC ^whicli fey cannot 
do without gre. te lofs) yet by keeping of 
bjicke leceip s in ftraighis, )Ou ihall al- 
ways (if y *u be foilriveti) letire witnout 
any great lolie or danger. And alwayes 
lemember 'o leave a ward in every place 
meete to be guarded, though it be biU of 
twenty or thu ty pf rfous; which will be an 
occafioti f»r the enemy to Aop the Uia- 
niiig of th^m hrtfore the^ can paHe : be- 
caiile elftf chofc few numbers wtll .li waves 
annoy thttir vittailes and munitim that 
d:iyty and himrerly mud have free asd 
quiet palf gs to th«Mn. Now \\ t!icy carry 
ihe or y eel ling of them up ^ciuHigh 
it be. but a day or t^o kept) y « get 
thcr^V time 10 yourfdves to grow (ii on* 
ger, and your enem/ laieth oppunum^» 
and waxe h weaker." 

Mr. UtBaN* 

Fib, 10. 

IN reo>rding the late train .^ti^n^ in 
B^Btry-hay, when the iniretcrate 
eneinie* of Great Br.tain, ur^ed by 
del pair, aimed to wound her 10 the 
(iHer kin)(dom, you will not fo^j^et 
what happened to tne fame enrmy an 
the lame B*y in t e ye r ifi86. 
King James landed at iC'Mi. <Hte, March 
I a that year i and, t^vo days «fier, i^ooo 
Fiench-iaiided there undci C<tunt L^u- 
zun and the Matquis de Lhv, while 

UiTUs to co«ifider the inconveniences of his <,^^r fleet was atunding the Qjtcn of 
reception onto grace, which I find fomc ^p^^jn. 
p!inc;pa lords againtt. Now again, alter 
a ccduMK Irtrer, 1 piefent to your grace 
two inclofed letters from Moiideor Uu 
M-jlin to his frjends in England, and to ilic 
gfivei-noT of CaUis, wheiehy you may per- 
ceive whit they iay of your proceedings 
in thofe parts ; and what pafleth betwixt 
him and the chevalier Farre. And to 
commending ytu'r grace to the gwanl of 
Cars angels. I reft yiiur gnces mott 
twyrthk f'fvaiit. toMwCoKi*. 

* Snce p- ra-? * as printed, we Una the 
iat€ is Wh itdally'iesyt* 3, ibxy. 
Gent. Mao. Ftkiuirj^f i79T» 


"The 29th- of April, 1*^98, Admiral 
Herbert, hcing on ti\e Souii* coift of Ife- 
l:ind, by bs fcoui« •.*i(co\'t r* d me Frenth 
fleet, amt next uay li»«l imel igence that 
they were gone into Hatliniore, being 44 
fiili hut, on futimng theni, tlie UutiS 
hid Tight of them to tlieAVcit of-Cipa 
Ceari and, wpon ftecnng after ihetn, 
fovn>l they were got into Ba. try iwy. Tlia 
admiral lay olt' the bay A\ mttli. -uid nnxx. 
moming uood-in|- wMic V^« v^>^^vv^. \.\\*. 


122 BzniryAsvf.^^ExplanaMn rf a Pajagi in Tzcitm. [Ftb. 

enemy at anchor, but foon got una«r fail, 
hearing down upon him ia a lin« campo- 
fcd of iS rrfcn of war anJ 5 fircib'P*- 
When tttey c«ine within molket-thot «f 
ilic Defiance, who led the van, the French 
admii^al piu out the fighal of h.Jttle, which 
WM besun by firing their great and fmall 
(hot at the Defiance and the r*ft as they 
came in^o the line. The Englifh mide f«- 
vcral bo.ird* to gain the wind, or at leaft 
to engage them dofer ? but, finding that 
%vay of working veiy difadfantagcous, . 
Admiral Herbert ftood off ro fca, as well 
to h<vc g«H h«R fti'ps into a hnc, as to have 
gained »he wind of the enemy, but found 
them fo. cautions in bearing down that lie 
coutd not g«st an opportunity to do i', fo 
contimieJ battering upon a rtrctch till 5 ia 
the afternoon, when the Frcncli a.lmiral 
flood into ihe bay. The admird's (hip 
and fcime others being difablcd in iheir 
rigging, they coiild not f How ihcnc, but 
contiru'Hl for fome time after bcfo»e.tIie 
bay J and the admird gave them a gun at 
parting. In this aftioo, Capt. Ge"rge 
Aylmer, i>f the Portland, with one lieu'o- 
nant, 3»nvl 94 fcimcn, we-e Killed, and 
abom I (sO woundctU On the 7th "^f M-^yi 
the admiral got into Plymoiiih with the 
fleet." Sraitii's Hiftory of the Coonty ^f 
Cefk, vol.* 11. pp. 195, 196. Q- ^• 

Mr. Urban, Fth 9. 

WITHOUT pretending f» d*.ier- 
mioe by what Djuticjl machi- 
»ery Agrippina was to be ftiot out of 
the (hip, I do not perceive all the dif- 
ficulties that occur 10 your correfpon- 
dfnt, Phi'o-Tacitus, 'p. 17. The 
load of lead was placed 00 th? deck 10 
tlfifl in more cHedual'y finking that 
pan of the vtflTcl which was 10 pirt gff 
with Agrippina. At alt events Agrip- 
pimi was to be dranvnedy as the bed 
mode of concealing the murder. But 
by foirsmi/managemeoi the oveiload- 
cddeck was made to fink ioiothecabin. 
The confufion between the Tailors who 
were priv- to the bufinefs, and ihofc 
who were not, afforded " facultatem 
Itnioris im mart jaSi&s,** fo that A)»rip- 
pina Will let down, orihrowo our, inuic 
gently than was at fiift intiodtd, and 
cicaped by iwtmmiog; hy wh'cb means 
the lailors, who were not ai^quaiRted 
with the pUu, might alto h^ve had an 
opportunity of cfcapmg, hy favour of the 
caimnefa of tlie fta, the clear oels of 
the moon, and the little diftance from 
ihore, not to ment on the ready •(Ti^- 
ancc of ItnumcuU or iit«le boats, which 
weie always at hand thereabouts. 

Suetcmiu$*i dcfcriptton of ihr con* 
giivaucd is more copiuut ^ bjf which ic 

appears that the Ihip was to fall ia 
pieces (.foluHHi), and deflroy her ei- 
ther by fliip«'rcck or ihe fall of the 
cabin (VilnMufr^gia vel camtr^ ruhtt). 
In cither cife (he would be ** sffffi^ <« 
marg,** That the (h p was to fall lo 
pieces there can be no doubt : for Dio. 
LXt. p. 69c. (ays the hint was ukfu 
from a veltel exhibited in the theatre, 
which opened itfclf and let our certain 
beaRs, and clnfed again as firrnlv us be* 
fo«-e. Nesvy iSorric iv r» Sfatl^fti ;1IAAT- 
0M£»JH>4 Ti AYTHN AO liYTHE m«c» 

evaXiv vn ^ s^fvda*. The words a^* 
ixt/in; 4re remarkable, literally, as wc 
(w'p of it/iflf. A like machine, like ^ 
cdXoiov, wms made in the rei;;n of Seve- 
ruSf which conrqined »nd let our 400 
wi.d bcaf^s at onc« by a fudden diifotu- 
tion. Tn? Jf hi^iAtiifti av»<rm tu< f» Ti> 

n^ atptucu aO^oar; iC7«ls c^ a^m lisXv9- 
^H9rn, svsOopov a^Klot ui Tira^xeb^ Cn- 
fijtK^iiioi^^'^i^c.. Di •. LXXVI.p 860. 
of Antcnmus Caracaila in Liebe Gotha 
numaria. p. 443, cad on one of ^rVe- 
rus in V^lUaiit Numifm. Imp. II. p. 

At to the diinculiy in Galgac-us's 
fpeech, ii it not extmord'AMry that 
your correfp^^ndent does not fee thft 
the Caledooinn ctiieft4in is ttiKJug at 
motives to extraordinary exertions in 

his men, that the ex'rem-iy of the 
couurry was open to the invaders, who 
would form extravagant ideas of every 
thing th^y we e unacquainted wiih, 
and confeqnently pu(h vn to tinifii the 
career uf cncir vi^uiies ? Uiitain and 
its liberty had bieu hitheno piOteOed 
by diflnece, and the receflts of fcquef- 
tered fituation. Ninhin^ was before 
theiii but a hauj^hty fr>e. BiOtier ado^^ts 
the aKerations in the oider of tht fen- 
tence, which other commentators fuj^- 
geiled, &nd which is followed imtn old 
French tiac'dii-on, printed at Lyons, 
1706 : '^ Car on fe forme toujours des 
hauies id^et de ce qu'on ne connoit pAs. 
MiMitenaut Ics exiuniite> de U Bre- 
taj^ne ('tni d^couveites/' p 148. So 
alto other French tranflations, Biueys, 
Guerin, ULd de la B.'cttrie. Gordon 
follows the antient tranfiition : ** At 
prrfent the utmo(l boundary of Britain 
is laid' open, and to conquer ^:iiu un- 
known i) thought matter q^ grgmi p§mp 
snd. boafingJ* How the lall £a^liili 
iTADilAtioA renders it I hare not an op- 


1 797* J ^ d^B^^ Pqfigf in Tacitni ilbiddotid.—Fttfgati Bible. 1 23 

pbrfo»1tj of knowiTig ; but it feemt at 
H dbrdbo had inift«keo htgh, but ill- 
foufadtcly idcst of wbat is unkno«irn for 
ih^ghty of ۤ0^trhg anVoown couo* 
trUfti D. H. 

Mr. Urban. Ffi. 15. 

PHILO-TACCTl'S rcqoef»» the ci- 
plin^tioD of a difficulry which oc- 
curs ID the Life of Agiicola, and fays 
that ic has never been rcmovtrd to his 
fjikfadioB. Beytg, cquaMy with him, 
a Itreit admirer of the nervous ferfe 

Mr. UrbaW, Fib» 16. 

PERMIT me ro otfer the roilowing 
atrem|yt to explain the d.fiiculty 
propofed in p. 17, 

Gatgacus had, immediately bc» 
fore/ been teliiog the Briioos, thac 
they had been hitherto prekrved from 
invafioD merely by having lived in a 
corner of the world, in a retired 
pjrt, QUI of the reach of fame. Now, 
however, fays he, this cauTe of ftifety 
is ai an end : they have obtained know- 
ledge of the very boundary of ouc 

and good rcafoning of Tacitus, I )m- country (kumc ttrmhus Bruanni^t pa- 

racdiately referred to the palf^ge al- 
luded ^o, and am h;<ppy in being able 
CO give him an explanation, which I 
hope «ilJ prove fattsfa^ory. 

Nothing can be mure icgular than 
the whoU riain of reafoning which 
Galgacus addrtlfes to the Britooi. He 
begins with obfervlog, thac he enter- 
ta ns the greatefi hopes of luccefs 
from the eatremc danger of their fitn- 
aiion, %vhich muft make even cowards 
brave. In former CDgagexncnxs, the 
N.itioahad refuurces of hrpe iu them; 
for, p'nced »n thie in mod receflts of 
Bricatn, not even their eyes had been 
p<Jluted by the fif^ht of fervile Ibores. 
At the farthcft limirs both of land and 
liberty, they had been hitherto defend- 
ed by fame and the lemctenefs.of their 
fiiuation ; but now tirminus BritMunia 
faiit^ mtqui omnt ignetmm prt mag^ific9 

ttt). He then lays down a principle 
(omnt fgm§tumfr9 magaiji.oifl), which* 
the.r own fenles would iiiimediaiely 
tell them* operates very powertullf up- 
nn the hum.^n mind, and demondrates, 
by a variety of arguments, that the 
Rom^ni are inordinately actuated by 
its impulfc; and that therefore they 
(ihe Btitons) had no alrcrnative but 
reHftance or ruin. 

The fuppoGiion of Philo-Tac:tu»« 
that Agriiula mi{«ht not know that m 
la:ge tra£^ of country lay beyond the 
Grampian hills, is evidently froundr 
lefs ; fioce we are informed by Tacitus 
h'mfcif, that the Romans, who, before 
the ia/l battle, were very cautious and 
prgdeut, weic, a/ttr that baiUty im- 
patient to prneirate into the very heart 
of C*ie^onia, and to moi^e rni hjf m 
continued ftriis •/ battUSt till they had 

ifti i.e. as what isunkoo^Yo is magni- difcovered the very boundaiiet of B.i« 
fied, the remote fituation of the Britons tain. 

had infptred the Romans with ideas of 
difficulties ynd dangers; but, as they 
bad DOW penetraied to tbe extremities 
oC the Ifland, neither of thefe two 
caufies could cnntioue to. operate in 
their favour. B«yot>d them, he pro- 
ceeds to obferve* li nothing buX wavca 
and rockj. 

tirminus. BriinnnU pAUt Is not to be 
taken in too An^t >nd literal a fenfe. 
Tbeaflertioni however, might ba made 
^ith ihe greaied juflice, as there was 
no n%iion beyond them capable of af- 

The difficulty appears to have pro- 
ceeded from a milconrep:icn of the 
meaning of " nunc terminus Britaonix 
pxteti" and, if my feeb e efFi^rt (hnuid 
be indrumenial in removing it, 1 Ihaii 
be abundantly graiitied. 

Yours, &c. Mus«U3. 

Mr. Urban, F*i. 17. • 

IHAV£ been endeavouring .to find 
from what tranflation of tne.'B>t>'e 
the lincf under the paintings in Raunds 
fordiBg an»««ce to the Roman churth (LXI 8.4) .re laktn. TUejr 
>rD.« ;%•«//- jam ,Ur. ,/«, nibU nifi •»° "« »B'« «-«!> the VMlgate, though 
' '' 9 ' ' ^gy cxprefs the ieuie Ot each p.Aid^e 

aa pointed out. 

Per fompnum raanipolos ligare m^nipulum 

Jiudiu V Joxa. 

I hope Philo-Tacitus is now fatif- 
fied, thac the reaft^oing of Galgacus is 
appropriate and regular, and could not 
with any degree of propriety have been 
addreflcd by Agricola to the Ronant. 

YOU'S, &c. tr. 

II ■■ ■ . I ' » ■ 

VoL UCVI. p. 1009. 1 9. r. Euripidem; 
and 1| 17. lor itfafo/|S ifa4 OUbatQ, 

autem. Gen. xxxwii. 7, 9. 
Video quaQ folem, et iunam, et AellaSi 

adorate me. xi- 
• . at eft et ait Pharao bene interprecatut 
£t fomnum meiim et iiin erif inter 

• • . tfiCam terrxm cam 
Eft qnod fe . . t . . eflefanMam tetra. xl 54« 
St adhttc relUnt aani quiotiuv. xlv* 6. 

tH B^arranmus Pt^i Mt Godftow.*i-Brett #»7nWi4/M. {Feb. 

Bt hue ad hoc vcnillit mpoliare regnaai. 

xl«i. u. 
Jam ezptrimcntum veftri vo$ capiam i d«« 

uro enirn timeo. 15. 
Qmi imiverfa qo« •l»m vta^tmiB p'lor . . 

onia none apparent michi hemptr 

con venire. Qu. L »o. 

Yoursy lee. D H. 

. Mr. Urbam, F^' it* 

JN the It^c Cap«aio Gore's accnunc of 
GacI'low Nunocry we art told, 

«< The conuron people Have a ftory of a 
fobternmemis paifagR thence to W<>o4ftock c 
a^ labouring man it>ld Mr. Hanwcll. deputy- 
trtafurer oC Chnft Cluirch, that lie had 
entered fo (at int*» one, as to p ifs tiirot^gh 
three g«es, b*it was detciied from go>»g 
farther by an efi faUing on his (hnuUei. 
If tiwre 1^ afty truth in this reUtiuny ic 
ihight prob^ibly be f«»me dr.tin. 

A few days finc« I walked over to 
the Nuonery. The 6rft obfcitition I 
made was, that the couifc of this Un- 
dci-ground pqlTAge (fo far as could be 
difcerned) was dirc£led ia a Oiaight 
lind towards Witham, and had not the 
Icaft curve,- to lupport the tvadition of 
*its procedure to VVoodftock. Upon 
tuining 10 the Englifii Chartulary of 
this priory* amongft Dr. KawlinfoD't 
MSS. * in the Bodleian Library, at 
fol. fii. b. I found, ^ 

^ A Chartnr of Robert Calamuc for the 

cum) it. 

'< Th^.fcntenceofihysdedeiSjthatRo- 
bertCalamut of Wytbam hath gr .untyd and 
eonfermyd to the myncAym «>f God(k>we 
free make a cundit to herf 
court of Go^ftowe, bothe by hys arable 
kmde, and alfo by hys m«dowc» undur the 
condicionthattliey fatisfye and makcgoode 
to hym, UwFow whufe londys they make 
her f cundyt, for the harmys by the di Aref- 
Cfon of i>eyburs for his hurt in the defaute 
of rep'acion of the Ume, and ia without 

This <leedy though uadattdi appcaia 
to bavc be^n one tfi the earlicA in tiK 
book ', it io.iosvs thofii which Immedi- 
ately concert the found^iion of the 
doftonafteryt an^' prncedtt a deed dated 

The courfe of the fuppofed un- 
ider- ground pafl'age nboTem«Dtion<4» 
through ihc meadow, in a dire£l line 
to Wirham, gave me occafion tn fnp- 
pi»fe, that It WIS nothing mere than a 

.•^ n ■ ■ ■ ". 

♦ No. 1330. 

f t het* in ttus piartttlary contimiaHy 

kind of drain, the faittn alluded to \m 
the aboYc- quoted deed. Tbt inconfi- 
dcrable depth fsf the fewer, f thinkt 
adda ftrediitk to the fuppoficion; but» 
ibonld any of yoor peifpicaciout cor* 
refpondcntt be able to lupply a more 
p!aufible conjedurc, it will be thnnk^ 
fully acknowledged by A* il^ 

Mr. Urban, 

Fe^ 19. 


BE pleafed to inform J. ii'. J> 
that the coup ct enquired about 

*» p. 39» 
« ft was the fner of oidets grey, 
** As he fi>rth walk.ed on his Way/ 


« Went forth to tell his beads V\ 
occurs in Shakefpeare's Tamiwg #/ ;■ 
Sbrmvt A. iv. S. 1. Vol. VI. p. 498, 
ed. 1793, wiih the fallowing note by 
Mr. Stecvens : 

** Difpcrfed through Shakefpeare's 
plays are many little fracments cf 
ancient ballada, the eotirc copies of 
- which cannot no\u be recovcied. Ma- 
ny of thefe being of the moQ beautiful 
and pathetic fimplicity. Dr. Percy has 
feiected fome of them, and connedtd 
them together, with a few fupplt- 
mental iUnaat } a work, which at ooce 
demonflrates his own poetical abili- 
ties, as well as his rcfpeft to the 
tiuely Tfoerable remains of our moft 
ancient bardi/' F. G. VV. 

Mr. Urban., 4 

AND fo, Mr. Uiban, it appears 
by Mr. Milner's own account 
(LXVX. p. i077.)i th*< he wrote about 
a book which he had not feco, and, 
till lately, '* had never beard of;*' 
and was unable to ^nfwer, not ray 
** lole queftion,*' for I know of no 
** queftion at ifTue between us," but 
my fiogle requeft^ which was not to 
be informed whether the ** work aQu- 
ally exifted,*' but ** wheie it might be 
fee n/' In the mean time, I forcunate- 
ly heard of a copy of the book in a 
didaat county; and theoce, through 
the kiodnefs of a friend, 1 have been 
favoured with the fighr of it. 1 find 
the quotation, to which Mr. Mi.ncr 
alludes, has many verbal inaccuracies, 
but is ^ithful to the fcnfe. And what 
then? Why then from a ProteiUnt 
author, writieg,' not in defeace of 
uifwriifim tiadaioos, to which tlio 
cuuacU of -Tieot pa^a the Utee im- 
plicit rcvcicnce as to the Scnptniet 
ihcm(cly«iB-bMt, m ibt -wImIc tvn«r nf 


1797*1 MJhuigH/bs-^DoWf Catiihifm.'^^h^tttit^^ ttf 

ihetfaAi A«wik ** ot the ntcuSmty ufe it ** does boc, fiaet tht rcpcti of th* 

•I** mrriiitm " ThmIUm,'? ih« re- pcaai lavin, lerm tbii a pcileeuti»s 

•HUBmg w^rks of tke primitive fm- country," if he inferred from mj 

ikfTt* ** !• «»d«f Aaad the Holy Scrip- -words, ihat 1 *' screed*' ivith him in 

tunfi'* from fuch ia author, on fucb thif, he was a littU premature in bit 

a ftthjcdt a paCipe is atieged, ili« conctufioo. X neither laid, oor meanr, 

firA pan of which »fle<ti nothing BM>te any fuch thing. Wl»eo I wrote mf 

«• «fi»A» M the AtKhor occahonaily letter in Nuvcntber, I had oof feen the 

cxp aim himfclf» thau that the ApoU new edittoo of the Douay Catechifm ; 

dct taught their heareft» as parents and, being one of thofe whom hit 

aadpatorado in allHgeSt principally Infallrble Holioefsy at the end of this 

bf word of mouth* Tba fccood part, faid catechifm, chiiriiably flyles " Un* 

ii taken in the find leufe of the let- believers and lotidefs," I do not likt 

tcr, m^y^ be tt^ia perhaps, (for bo to take things upon hcArfay, when I 

fuch ihiag aa the Canon of Scnptuie can have better evidence. The edi* 

i» mentioned in Scnpturc) ; but ii un- tion of 179^ 1 hiive now feen. The 

detflood to mean, as the words by p^iTage, which I quoted from a for* 

tlicMkieUes fecm to import, that tiie mer edition, was ihits " Efpeciallf 

Scrtpiare* are not fuflicienttnall things in a perfecuting (;ouiit y, «i eirri fi.** 

aecctTiry to lalvatioo, it is then a In the new edition, the three laft 

notion icpui(aant at once to many de- words aie omitted -, the *' perfecutinr 

clar4tious <if the Hoiy Scriptures, and country" llill remains, and the gooa 

tiMOv tcfti monies of the Fathers con- peop e of Gre^t Britain may onder* 

cersiag them. Dut, whether right or Hand . it of Utopia, or any other 

wrong, who, after alt, is the author coa'ncrv, as rhey p cale. 
of the pwlfage? It was fiift faid to be Yours, &c. R; ChuaTOIC. 

biibop Peailbo, one of the fiiil men P. S. My beft than ks are due to 
that the Chi iftian world ever produced. H. I. T. p. 1067, who will fee by 
Tbeo it was from a ** book not la- what precedes, that his ob'i^iag oCer 
fciior IB auihoiity with us (of the is now uqneoeflary. » 

Church of England) to bilbop Pear- .....i..^.. 

foB.** Be4i<»ld. it i» from the Rev. . Mr. Urban, * S«/^. />/r. 16, 

Thomas &ftt. LUO. who riatumiad '1^^^ ^^^^ >^^^^ P*^ ' ^*^^ wiOied 

^si faid X^bmrth of ]l and intended to ilrcip one parting 

lie cmmmmMSOm of ihsi . . ^ 

E*gimm4i and chat not becaufo her word upon the fubjc^ of my old friends^ 

dottiiaca *ere enonecus, or her rites Rowley tod Chaturton ; and as all the 

fuperilitiooa, (mm beeaule her Liturgy Dramatis PirJoBa, whom I would wifb 

wac *' defcdive" in ceruin points, once more to bring forward on the pub- 

*' (ueh as Chnfm or Ointment in the He ftage, are, like m\f'elf, advancing 

office of CoAbrmation, miain^ Water faft in years, I wiil del«iy my remarks 

witb the Euchaiiftical Wine,** (Brett, no longer, being n^ta li:tle anxious^ 

p. 5a.) aod a few other oiatteis, whiCh for the re^^ard I profels boih ro Rowlejf 

Brett and his purt) deemed *'Effen- and Chattertoo, bjt tiili more for the 

tiaisi" ai^ fuff that teafonic was, [ refped For the litenry pub- 

believe^ that chcj were called Ellen- liJc, (*.iac th'S one pciint (hould be fully 

tialiAs. Tbia. redoubted pertoruiaace flaccd, eaamtrcd, and iVtrltd, namelf, 

on the Nacelfity of Ti»dittoa was the authenticity or fpurieufncfs of thole 

«riccca, as the author proltifcs, to be ktiers^ that ar« f^id so have pafTed be- 

iheground-wvtkof the deft.. ce of their mveen Chattenon and Mr. Horadb 

lavvuriic ylages, which were iotro- WaipoU, now fiail ot-Orford. 

duccd into-a Liturgy of their own com- 1 need not here date- huw fttidfouily 

pUiog. The hOi^ never very ou- bis JLstdihip lias been endeiivooting 

a>erous (a fiagle coni;regation at (from the time of Mr. Barrett's -firS 

Maocbcfftr beii^( the only one 1 tvcr publicacitm of his Hiitury andAntrqniw 

heard of), beojme extiock, I beicve, of Brtfttd) to pnfTcte the world, throngjn 

with its firA anthort \ and now, at the .fibs medium of his Ltterary mymridoaiy 

diAaace of rather lefs than ioor»kore wiiik tiie idea, ** that «o correfpOAdeoee 

jcaaa f«oai its origin, the very nanae «f any kind bad ever pafled bet^Mni ifis 

' of l3ileacialifia» like Breu'a Tiadicio9, -Lord(hip and Ch«rtert< n -** or, in otHdv 

is icaecnty kaown. words, ** chat the letters, referred to^ 

JkM CO the Dovay Catechifm, wheo Blr. Il»rett ia his HiAury weie etthtr 

Mf . MiAtr fajF*! **k\H^o$d^** that i^iioyn^ or foi^^co, or that fttck hv4 


t st6 Enquiry nfltr Chattertoft's CimfJPnukmi with L§rdOi(oTi. [Feb. 

nevch: had aa exifteitcc ; ftod hit lord* 
ihip's I'olicitudc on this point if de- 
fcrilxdy ■! |>rocecdiog piincipally 
from this caufe,*' Uft» after hit de- 
ceafe, foirc pietended anfwers u> 
ihefc Jet:etf of Ch^tferton (hould be 
produced to the Publick." 

Now Mr. Urban, I confers tnyfelf 
no lefs fbiicitous than hit lordOiip, or 
a9y of hit literary friends, toeftablilh 
■Dd dear up this one point ; and, 
therefore, 1 mufl take the liberty, 
wannii; all comp^toients, to brin^ for- 
ward the bed irvhg^ at well a» mar it* 
Um^ utiimonyy that can be had in^ thii 
controverfy : and to call upon Dr. 
Glynn,, and ur|;e him (however un- 
willing a witncft he may be) to come 
"fortv^rdy bnd fay, whether he has 
not (een wiih his o^um ejfS tho/e very 
letters wiitien bv Chattercoo to iord 
Orford (and referred to in Barren's 
Hifltfcy ot Biidol); whether he has 
jiot now, in bi$ cicn kaptn^^ the fame 
identical letters^ as alfo lord Orj$rd*s 
€inJ^M}tri t9 tbtm \ and whether he does 
not know and firm I v hciieve thofe an* 
iwers to be in lord Oxiox^'toiumhand' 
futri/ing, . Ai tnany ye-rs have elapfed 
iince I made this controverfy the ftib- 
je£t of my aitenticn, 1 m^y not he 
very accurate, when I Hate that Dr. 
Glynn has flu'iun all the Ab(>vc.mcQ- 
.tiooed corifefpondeuce to the prefcnt 
dean of Ely, Dr. Famer, Mr. Bry- 
anty the late Dean of Eicier, and many 
other literary and mod rcfpc£idble 
chara£lers in ih« Univerlity of Cam- 
bridge, many of uhom were parri- 
cuiarly converfrint in ioid Oclora's 
hand* writing. Why then does X^t, 
Giynn, after fo peremptory a dial- 
.lengc from his lordfhip, and diref^ 
denial boih.ot Chattcrton^s letters and 
.his anfweit to them, /i// withheld tins 
correfpondence from the public eye, 
and himfelf keep a guarded fiicnce, 
under circnmltances which (o parti- 
cularly call upon the Doctor to fpeak 
out; for Df. G. well knows, and has 
.been told, rhac lord Otford had ^f'ai 
in his eye, when he hinted the proba- 
bility ** that, afcer hi& death, fome 
preuaded answers to thefe letters 
vrould be produced h^ fnnebody^ and 
fent into the woild." 1 confels my* 
£Blf no way luterefted in this contio* 
.Tcrfyy but as a lover of truth, and an 
enemy to ali tnifreprefenutions, whe- 
ther wiihil or accidental ; but, if I am 
.to bili$,vdi\%. lordfliip's aflertions in 
their lu;lcll latitude, I mwf diihe- 
licve mj own fcolVs^ X muft forget 

what I have feeD written ; T mall dif* 
truft what I have heard with my own 
arcj in thott, 1 mud didruft (but I 
cannot, w\)l not do it) my own fcnfes, 
and Dr. Gtynn*s repeated declarations. 
For I well rememher to hare read, in 
tieman (who was intimately con* 
ne£led with both Chirttrton, and 
Rowley's hidnry), bis dire^ difavowvl 
of the amtbintieuy of Cbattt'to»*s cot' 
reffondgnce <witbJord Or/or d, mndrfbh 
iard/bip*s an/win t$ CbmitirioHS UtHrt* 
The Dr. cannot forger, even now, 
huwcYer advanced in ye%rs, who it 
was that made thefe and (imilar perti* 
nent remarks (upon lord Orford's pub« 
-lie denial of that correfpondence}, 
** What think you, my friend, of the 
heart and veracity of that man, who, 
however high in the *deem of the li- 
terary world, can bold.'y dep forward, 
and folicitotdy deny hti sqvA band* 
'writiitg inA itiurs ? and to what pur- 
pofe, unlefs to ferve a tottering caufe, 
to f^riufj fome private refencment, or 
to tuppoit an opinion hadily taken up, 
-and now not (o eafiiv re}in(|uilbcd f yet 
luch a man is H. W/' 

You mut) excufe me, Mr. Urban, 
for having dated the cal'e To plainly 
and broadly ; but it is high time that 
the veil^ fbould be removed entirety 
from this correfpondence, and the ex- 
idence of it conhimcd, or mod clearly 
difallowed. Every liit e incidental 
circumdance, that mav operate in the 
determination of the Rawleian cuntro- 
verfy fliould be knowoitxiimined, and 
permuted to have its proper weight in 
the fcdle of decifion. I^otd Orford 
has holdly denied his tvn bttving fiim 
tboff Utttrs of Chattenun ( repot icd by 
Mr. Banetr) ; has podtively and pub- 
licly denied the receiving of them, 
and bis writing any anfwers to them. 
Dr. G. has fitquently aderted the 
contrary I though not, indeed, fo pub* 
licly, yet ixt droagty and as uniformly. 
1 fhall not fay more than the truth, if 
the Do£ior has not declared both the 
letters and the anfwers to be in his 
own cava keiping^ Here then we corne 
to the idue ; let it be diort, but let it, 
in God's name, be clear, convincing, 
and decidve. 

I do not ever cxpeft to hear or rcail 
a recantation from Lord Orford •, but 
• I wiih, and hope, and rnufl expe6t, 
that the Dr. will, m a few words, ei- 
ther approve or difapprove my aQjcr- 
wxtiti will cither fupport his lord« 


I797-] ^fr§nmical.PimnmenBnm — Eligy $m ibi lati Mr. Harrlfon. 127 

ftip^fl wfttfiionvi or greiify mine aad 
tlK publkk't Boft 9t»(6mMe expeAa- 
tioM; and fail ftle«ce in thit-cafe will 
b« oioft nopArdonKblci for fkis priHCipml 
THfim^ ** left any pretended anfwers 
td tbcft letters of Chattel ton ihould^ 
after lord Orford't dcccare, be pio- 
doced to the public ^/j^«#i«^* as 
makimiu MMii giwmitii kuirsfr^m bis 
kfd/hif U Ch0surt0m:' R. P. 

Mr.UKBAN;* F/^. SI. 

ON thcL night of tbc f5th of January 
(ail, between ibc hours of nine 
and tnrcUej ihc iiiooo end the whole 
fdce of heaven were obfcured by one 
entire dark cfoud, etcept juft round 
the horizon, where was an uoiforno 
flreak of vivid light, a!t(.'gether re- 
fcmblini;, Ji lust 

•* parvis componc;"e magna," 
a black velvet p<ill edgec) with white. 
So free was the atmofphere, at the 
time, of any fog or vapour, that from 
my houfe (which commands a pro(pr£t 
qiiite over the couoiv of WorcrAer 
into Ucrefopdiliire, Monmouth (hi re, 
Shropfliire, and part of Wales) were 
plainly difcernibie the oioft diftant 
fnaunratnsi particuUrIf thf^fe moft 
onUleand flupendousones of M.tlvern, 
which lie at the di();)nce of between 
thirty and forty milea. Tho\i^h the 
moon (then full- orbed) did not at the 
time (bed 

'' Her filver light on tow'r and tree/' 
(ofy indeed, on any objc^i that was 
n*ar), it was, not)viih(ljndin|^, bf ber 
I'd, that myfelfand family were gra- 
tified with \h\% novel and beautiful 
i^6LiL\t\ which we admired during 
the rpace of time 1 have mentioned, 
and which continued unaltered wl.en 
we retired to reft. The c^iufc of it, 
no doubc,wa8the opacity of rhe cloud, 
whicli|al(no(l entirely enveloped the fir- 
mament, preventing the rays of li^br, 
which proceeded tfom the moon, falling 
any where but beyond the ikirt or ex« 
tremity of liie cloud, and making the 
remote mountains appear in the manner 
of Che Ombrti Cbimoi/ts, L« B. 

M»' UUBAN, Cbrlfeaj Fib, lo. 

IOB3ERVKD, with pleafu'-e, in p. 
10, your account of the monument 
letely ereded in honour of an old and 
much* regret. ed Friend. Mufing upon 
it in cny watks, X was, a few d^ys fince, 
very ax;reeabtv furprized, on calling; 

^ See Gent. Mjg. vol. LII. pp. 189. 247. 
300. 347*; and Tol. LXiL pp. 25 0. -98. 

npon a lady, to liad the follow i nS ' 
piece, large, framed and glazed, hong . 
up in her drawing, room. It \v^t ele* ' 
gantly worked ona white tiA'uc ground, * 
with black Hlk. The reprcfentatioa . 
was a funereal urn, well defif^ned, ever- 
fprehd with a weeping willoiw ; and at 
(he bafe, as if, near a ftreamlet, were , 
aquatic plants and reeds in a withering 
date. On the front was pUccd t\xt \ 
narrative part of the. inlcription ; be- ^ 
neath the bafe, che ftriking chara£^etr 
of the deceafed ; cJofed by the elegiac ■ 
Imes, whof'e impreffion I hope never to 
forget. ' You knew the Man, Mr.Ur- 
b^n ; and with me, 1 am perfuaded, 
feel for the lofs of a Friend, an Ta- * 
llrudor, and an amiable Pattern. B.*^^** 

<< An Elioy on the much-lamented Death 
of the Ri v. Mr. Hair I son; who died 
on Monday, Dec. 23, 1793, aged 57. ^ 
** After preaching twice the day before 
(SundAv) in the morning at Charliitte- . 
ftreet 'Cna'pel, Pimlico, and in the evening . 
at St. Joitn's, Clerkcnwell, which was hts 
Ultfermonj Mr. Harrisdbi w:«s (truck '. 
with an apopiedlick fit the fo!Io«i*iiig 
morning, and expir<:d about noon, after', 
tefllfying h s ccnhJenoc in Cod^ through 
the merits of Chrift his Redeemer. 

*' A more uhle or zealous ntinifter i>f the . 
Word feldiim filled the pulpit; a mure 
worlUy, humane, and npright m:i!], never « 
adorned tlie Cliriliian ciiurjtctei- in hi^ pri- . 
vatc walks. , 

'* f^atcb ye, therefore \ /ar. ye imw not 
tuben tbi M.ifier of' thf Houje tofitith; at cvcfi^ 
or at midnigbt, or at the coci-^crowi'.-g, r/t :'/t 
tbc mcrrJng** Mauk xiu. vtr. 35, 

Goy happy Spirit ! (hnrc the reft 

Appoinied fur the Saints of God, 
Who, through their Saviour'^ love, arebleft. 

Their garments w.^fh'd in his pureblood« 

Behold, the generous Spirit 's fl'rd 
To yonder bright celei^iai fphere; 

The foul furvives the b^niy dend ; 
Ye mourners then reft ruin the tear. 

But yet, methinks I hear a voice; 

The plaintive accents melt the heart; 
The poor man cries, " Shall 1 rejoice? . 

Who, now, their comforis IV ill impart? 
Now our beft Friend to He:»v'n v p^one, 

ALis 1 who will his place inpply ? 
Who now will hear the wretch's :;roaiiFy 

Or plead the cauCc of niiiciy;" 

But luu'k! from lU'tv'n a voice defcendss 
«* Dry up your tcnrs, ye humble poor;- 

For, God himfclf hi^ promife '.cndi, 
Whofc Word is Truth, and promife furc I**. 

H.ip'^y the man, whofe fteady f«iUi 
In Goii is plac'd for ei''ry care; 

Whofc righteous foul prefer re^ his path^ 
Arid iLuas tU Teutptei *& fatal (aAr«. 


tlA §f Shtf ifs. - Lent Circuii %f the Judga. 


SHERIFFS ttff^nttHy his Mj<}crty in Cmw- 

rr//w tht Ytm^ 1797- 
Aril. Bartholomew Tipp'm;, of Wooley, rfq, 
Btdfordfitrr- jolm Higpus Che tUer, of for- 

fWh.^ohTvSuIliv20t of Richings Park* efq. 
CimiUrlaMiL Hugh Tarkin,' of Skirlgtll. efq. 
Ci>t/tirf. John L<-che, of Stieaoiiy efq. 
Cml. andKiiit/. William Waller, of Clief. 

teiton^ efq. 
lUmmflirt. Jnim Seal, of Mcumt B^on, efq. 
, Dmfkjk. Wiiliani Richards the younger^ of 

Sme il im t rr, efq. 
IMje/brv. Charles Huftc of Wirkfworthiefq. 
J^(^. WiJUam MinHf, of Scr»tf>rrfp efq. 
Chu^^ttrfi^tu, William Tiodall, of Korth 

Cerner, efq. 
Vmtfwri/Urt. Sir John S&onders Sebrighr, of 

Beechwax), b.irt. 
Vkr^4P^te. |^)lt(l Barnebyi of Brockh imp- 

ton, ffq. 
JTrtif. fieorgo Gmte, of Beckenlwm, efq" 
Ltietfltrfitrt. siimiiel Brace^ridge Abotty, of 

LiQ4ley, efq. 
Unntmfi*. J.»hn Cnrrofr, of Haikthome, efq. 
lihmmmtffi Tliomas Honglitoo, of Ponty- 

lM» «fq- 
HnnhMJkr!aml, Matthew B^ll, of Welling- 

ton, efq. 
H9i*hmtfim/b. Sir William L«igliam, of 

Cuiibronky Hart. 
Ktifilk. Jofeph Wr»idnnm,afHerlham,e(q. 
NmHrn^hm^n. John Galley KnigliC, ti 

W^of, efq. 
Oxfvrd^. jamrs Jones, of Atwdl^ efq. 
MMflmmdflirt. Thomjt Hnnr, of NVing, efq. 
&h'*pjl»ire, William Taytcur, of Bantingfilale, 


Smrrfetff*. S imiiel Dar> of Chartolboiife. «fq- 
Stmffsrd/b. SireR. Lawls7»of'Cinwell,bart. 
Syffclk. Chaloncr Archdeckne, of Glemham« 

Sfiuthamtton. J.ihnCompCOPfOf Minilead^efq. 
Suney. Robert Taylor, of Kmber Coiii[t| efq. 
Smjfex. Cha. Sciaie Dickins, of Brigfatbelm- 

fton, efq. 
H'ar^viek/k. Robert Knight^ of Barrelli, efq. 
Worefjhrfl^t^ Mofes Hfirprr, of Afllej, efq. 
/rV/f. Sir Jolm Mertmen Poore, of Ruihall, 

Tirkjtirt, Sir John Rararden, of Byram, hart. 

SovTH Wales. 
C^etvHirthoi. David SaiiderSy of Glamerhydw, 

Pemlvde. Abraham Leach, of CorOmu efi|. 
Cardigan. Jamtis NnU). Taylur, of ScradRtorey 

CLimj'gan, Robert NiMis, of Court-yr-AIay 

B'frw. J.)hn Macnamara, of Llsngoed Caf- 

lie, efu. 
RaAnor, Pcrcival I^ewis, of Diiwntoa, efq. 

NmtTff Walk?. 
Cmernni^'m. Sir Kd. Price Lloyd, of Panly- 

g»»f5. b-rt. 
Jhiflef'n, R ichnrd Jones, of Trnfly Mari.iii, efq. 
^Itriofteth. Bell LJi^yd, of Cn>grn, rlq. . 
hUntframry, Robert Knight, of Gwcrnygoe, 


Demhighfifirt. Robert Hefibeth, of Cwrycl), 

Tiint, JohnEd.Mad«'ock«,*^VmoJw, efq. 

SHER4FF apfointM fy bit H^nf Hi^mfs the 
Priiice of Wales, in Council, Jor theTenr 1797. 

County ff CornvLoH. William Sladc GuUy, of 
Jreveiien, efq. 



NofcmcHM NuaFOLK. Midlamu. ^ Homk. rWa^TEitN. 

L. KcKVon L.C. Juflice. U, C. Baion. B. Hotham. B. Perryn 
1797. Ij. Ropke J.AlhhurA. J. Grofe. J. Heath ;J. BuUer. 

Sifar. Mar.4 
Monday 6 
Tuefday 7 
Wedncfd. 8 
Thurfdiy 9 
Friday k^ 



' Northaiiipt. Hertford 



J Luwrcnce 



Winchefter I 

! Oxford 



Satun^ «i Yoiii Jc City Hwitingdon Lfiic.& City 

New SAnim'WorcflcCrr. 

Monday 1$ 

TieiVlMT i« 

Wedfief. 15 

Tluirfib. 16 

Friday t? 

Satui d ly I ». I ■ ■ ■ 

Monday 2 : j — — ^ — — ■ 

Taclii.iy 2 1! 

We«inef. 1 1 > ^~ 

TWuftH. »3j 

Satard.iy 2 :! !.auc.itb:i 

Mondiiy 27! 

Wedaef. 29}- — ■ - — 
pTWfiJbivj ■ 



— K. GrinAead 


Maid (lone 



Kury St. Ed. 

.Kioglloii JExeter&city 
•! [opon'Tli. ^ 

Leic. & Bor.' 

'Coventry fc-- 










t »«9 1 

' 4 

t -il 


B. Of LeiLI>8. 

OftP Err§l preCenud a petition , 
' frtyuiC diit the CommictM of 
Prtvilegctt to try the mcritt of the pe- 
tition' w Lurd M^utUrdMtif comphin- 
iMyof aa iiiidiie return at the election 
df^ Peers of Scotlaodf mi^t be 
poipoaed till after th* CbriUnat re- 

After a few wordi from the Earl of 
OsHif9 tb« 'firft Tuefday ?.fier the 
ClinftBiae recrb swaa then fised upon 
vrtil^m the pctitioa iato cod defer atioa. 

Their Lord (kips heard couafel to a 
Scotch caufe, Macdonald appellaat. 
Mid Bart refpondeot; and pi^t oflf the 
dccifioB to a farther daiy. 

The anaoal iademnity bill was read 
^ third time and a^eed to« 

. The Hoofe of Comrooai haYios met 
the lamo day purfuant to the iaS ad* 


The Jl^^ ^ih0 MbUs moved for a 
•tw -writ for Bathy vacant by Lord 
ibfwmCf who is called pp to the Houiit 
of Peers, on the death of his father 
tho Marqais of Bath. _ 

lis. {>r#y aad Mr. Thiih^ were 

bath fwora in, and took their feats » the 

. fermer for the county of Northumbero 

lAody the latter for the boroogh of 


The Spemkir then notified to ibe 
Haufir, that the Clerk* agreeably to 
their direAtons, had made out and 
prelented a lift of fuch Members as 
were liable to ferve on the trial of de- 
!:a^uendes in India^ 


IhwrnBer 19. 
Their l^ordlhipSf afur ample dif* 
cui!ioa» revcifed the decree of the 
Coart of Seffioo on the appeal, Mac* 
donald <v. Burt, and adjourned to 

In the Commons the fame day, the 
Hoafe proceeded to ballot for a Com* 
mittee to try the merits of the petition 
£omf|aining of an ondue cle&on and 
muni for toe B^ougb of Leominfter, 
and for a Comroitsee to try the meriis 
of Milbourne Pore eledion petition* 

Mr. Grip prefented a petition from 
Mr. Ticrney* the unfnccefsful .eandi- 
dnta at Cha Southwark eledion, com* 

Oekt. Mao. Fihrumy^ 1797. 


plaining of the undue eledion nad rt* 
turn for the borough of Southwark. 
The petition was brought ttp, and or* 
dered to be referred to a Committee* 

A new writ was ordered to be iflued 
for the ete^ion of a Member for tha 
borough of Saltaib, in the room. of 
£dwmrd BiMrtrtft, £(q. deoeafad | 
and one for Wiachelfca, inftend ^ 
SUBamviUf Efq. 

After difpoiiDg of the other orders 
of the day, the Houfe adjourned*. 
Ntv, 30. 

Mr. MiUmm^g pre/ented a petitioik 
from feveral Merchants, Traders, fcc» 
of the City of London ; praying that 
the Houfe would adopt fuch meafiaren 
as in their wifdom ibould feem meet* 
for the better accommordation .of the 
increafing commerce, and the incxeafed 
ihipptog of the port of London 1 

The petition wae receivedt ^i 9l 
Committee appointed jto confider it. 

Sir IPi//Mas /eiia^f then moTcd, that 
there be laid before the Houfe a eopf 
of the report made by the Cojnmiffian- 
ers of the Cuftoms to the Lords of the 
Treafury, refpedUng the icreral plant 
that had been prefented for the better 
accommodation of the increafed trade 
and ihipping in the port of London* - 

Mr. Aldermaa And$rfom feconded the 
motion { and firongly recommended to 
the Houfe the confideration of this re- 
port, as containing every neceCary ia« 
'formation on the lubjcd. and the heft 
grounds oa which to butid the plan.thcir 
wtfdom might dire^ them to adopt. 

The order for taking into conlidera* 
tioa the petition of TiaaMSi BarMfit 
£lq. complaining of an undue eicfr* 
tion for the borough of Bridport, wan 

The Houfe hariag refolved kllft 
into a Committee of the whole floufity 
to confider farther of the Ways, Meaa^, 
&c. ibi ChsMctUar rf the Emiifwet 
moYcd, that there be ifiued and a(^ 
plied the fum of 410,000!. now re* 
maining in the Exchequer, being the 
remaining difpofiible overplus 3 tha 
fuppHes of laft year. 

To this the Committee agreed to* 

H. OP Logos. 
Dugmbtr i. 
At a quarur before five the dm^ 
Ciiior came down to the Hou(e» wheB 

a private petition and bill. wcj[e read 


1 30 Proceidings In tbi prcfint Seffi§n of Parliament. [ Feb. 

The Earl of Radnor took theufgal 
oaths on his firft comine to the Houfe 
Ciice the meeting of the NewPail'Bfnent. 

In the Comment the fame day, a 
new writ was ordered for Hif^ham 
Ferrars, in the room of Mr. Serjeant 
Admir, who has accepted the office of 
Chief Juftice of Chetter. 

The Spgaktr infoimed the Houfe, 
that Alexander Morris, whom the 
Chairman of the Committee on the 
Soutbwark £le£lion |>etition had mo^ed 
to be taken into cuftody, was now in 
the cuftody of the Seijcant at Arms s 
upqn which. 

The Ms/ltr $ftbt Mb moved, that 
the faid Alexander Morris do Aand 
committed ; and that, on Monday next, 
he be brought to the bar of the Houfe. 
^Agreed to. 

Mr. C«/(/, purfuant to the notice he 
had given, rofe to mnke his'motion for 
leave to bring in a Bill for regulating 
the Trials of Caufes and Indictments 
that arife within the limits of certain 
towns»corporate in this kiDi;dam. The 
bbJcA of this Bill was merely ;(i leave 
jt at the option of the parries who had 
caufes to try, to have them tned in 
dieir own di^rLds» or take them to be 
tried in the county at large : for, it was 
not now as of old, when caufes were 
tried by neighbours, .and as it were 
at home, without any oblUu^ion ari- 
fing to the courfe of juRice. Many 
abufcs 'had crept in by time, which 
rendered the obtaining of juftice in 
this manner frequently impradicable. 
Por thefe he referred to the towns of 
Pool and of Hull. Thofe alio who 
Hood accufed of felony might aifo, in 
order to obtain a fair trial, get rcmo* 
▼edy by their Habeas Corpus, to the 
county gaol. His wifli was, t'herefore, 
to introduce a gentler courfe of )uftice, 
and not to abridge the jurifdi£kion of 
thefe towns.— >In that view, he would 
now move, as above^ *' that leave be 
given," &c. 

Mr. Li Ftvre feconded the motion ; 

which was agreed to, and a Conimittee 

arpoinced to prepare the B.ll. 
. t 

DiC, 5, 

Some private petitions \\i:re prefent- 
cd. Opic*s Divorce Bill Was brought 
up from the Commons. 

in the Commons the fame diy. the 
Bill for removing the Lent Aiiixes fiom 

Thetford to Norwich was brought upf 
and read the firft time. 

Mr. Bircb prefented a petition from 
the Corporation of that Borough, that 
the removal of the affizes would be at-, 
tended with ereat inconveniences to 
the North WeRern parts of thecourfty 
of Norfolk, and therefore praying to 
be heard by themfeives or counfel a- 
g^inft the bill. Ordered to lie on the' 
table, and to be heard by counfel on the 
fccond reading of the bill. 

Sir R. P, Ardm prefented a petition 
from certain £le€h)rs of the coontv of 
Flint, dating, that SirT/>«asj5 Mafyn^ 
who was returned for that county, was 
under age, and therefore ineligible to 
feive in Parliament, and complaining 
of the conduct of the Sheriff. 

Another petitipn was prefented from 
the Hon. John Lloyd Kinyon, dating, 
that he had the greateft number of le- 
gal votes for the county of Flint, and 
that he ought to have been returned. 

After fome converfation between ^ir 
R. Ardtu and fome other Members,' 
the ad of March was appointed for 
cbnHderin^the petitions. 

Sir E KnatcBMl niovti, that Alex- 
ander Morris, in cudody of the Ser- 
jeant at Arms, be brought to the bar 
of the Houfe, for contempt, in refa« 
fing to attend the Committee appointed 
to try the meriu of • the Souihwark 

Mr.Moirit being brought to the bar; 

The Spiaktr informed hrm, that he 
had been duly ferved with a warrant 
to attend that Committee, and de- 
manded to know what reafon he had 
to offer for difobeying th ^t order ? 

Mr Morris acknowledged that he 
had received the warrant, but faid he 
was not aware at the time that by his 
non-attendance he Ihould incur the 
difpleafure of the Houfe. He dated 
the caiife of his non-attendance to be 
4>wing to the embarr^ffment of his pri- 
vate affairs at the time, and from a re- 
gard to his perfonal fecurity. He was 
extremely forry for having offended^ 
and was willing to make any apology. 
He hoped the Houfe would favour- 
ably confider his fituation, and deal as 
lenient %vith him as poffible. 

Mr. M. being ordered to withdraw; 

After a few words from Sir £. Knatch." 
buU, he moved, ^* That Alexander 
Morris, having been ferved wiih a war- 
r^ut to attend a Committee of that 
Houfe, which he had difobeyed, had 
been guilty of a Breach of PaTiUge."' 


. - J 

T797.] Pr$€iiJhigt intU prtfent SiJJion of ParfiamenU 1 31 

The motion beio| put and carried, charge of 5 per cent. The wh«Ie ia- 

fomc coDverGitioii took place between leieft 00 the Suppliei to be made 

cli^ SfgaiiTt Mr. Fox, and others,, re- gcod amounts therefore ro the fum of 

IpediDg the regular order of proceed- 2,ioo,ooot. from which he hoped to 

ing in (imilar cafes 1 after which the make a fmall dedu^ion throngh the 

Mtjter 9f thi Rofh moved, ** That Subfcription of the £. India Company. 
Alexander Morris be brought to the The Chamf. $f tbi Excbeqmir thiA 

Houfe on Thuifday, and that till then proceeded to what he called his moft' 

ii€ remain in cuflod/.'* Ordered. painful duty, that of raifmg the ntr 

— ceflary taxts for the annual payment 

H* OP LOEDS. of thid large fum. Our burdens were 

Di€, 7. already fo heavy, that many muft un- 

Cpunftl having finifiitd their plead- d&ubtedly fufFer from this large addi- 

ingf in the caufc wherein G. Deny tion. H< felt'himfelf, and he fuppofed 

waa appellant* and the Maiquis of there was not a man in that Houfe who 

Lorn refpondentf the Lord Chan* did not feel, their preifure; but be 

ecUor recrfpitulated the leading points, trufted that they would not be led, by 

and then moved that the decree be re- any feeling for their immediate con- 

verfcd, and that the Appellant be al- flitueots, to negie£^ what they owed, 

lowed loot, ccfis. Ordered. to their country. It was incumbtot 

Lord S/««//^, and others from the on us to (hew to Europe, that, at a 

Commons, brought up two ro«d- bills, ^r^is like the prefent, we would not 

which were read the hrft time. be wanting to ourfelves. it was ne« 

■■■ ■ I ctffary to (hew to an enemy, who had 

In the Commo&s the fame day, the employed and exhaufted the moft ex* 

Houfe having then refolded itfclf into a traordinary refources, that there was a • 

Committee of Ways and Means, Mr. general fufficiency of reiblution and 

Ji§Aart in the chair ; zeal. All that could be done, there- 

The CAmmc. of ike Excbiqiar faid, fore, was to prevent any unnece0arjr « 

the fubjc6t now to be dilcufled was im* aggravation, by diflfuiing the bnrdea at 

porunt enough not to admit of any ex- widely as poHible. The. taxes which 

traneods matter; but that he would go he. had to propofe were undoubtedly 

dirc6lly to the buiinefs that fufpendcd fubje£t to the final decifion of that 

the attention of the Houfe. Houfe ; but he truBed that no Member 

' NAvY. would hazard a light objcdlion, if be 

The total aniouot of this fervice is had not fomething better to propofe in 

7641.000I. and aifc. ai500,oool. for the place of that to which be objc^d. 

#ccaiioAai fervice in the courfe of the It was in the general nature of taxea * 

year. that none of them was wholly free 

AEMY. from objedionj but certainly ibme 

The total amount of this fervice is conhdeoce ihould be given to tbof($ 

10,613,000!. and for extraordinariei who had been long in the habit of 

4,30Q,oo&t. attending to practical circumftances. 

For Vote of Credit, as an article of There was no loom, he would add» 

Supply, 4,ooo,oooi. for defpondency. We had before us 

The whole therefore is 2,764,000!. the expetience of the American war. 

The Cbamc. •/ tbi Excbtqner then which brought with it a fevere addi* 

cauroeraud the Ways and Means for tion to uur burdens; but, on its ter* 

anfwerini^ thefe fervices, fpecifying the mmation, we experienced a graduiil 

various fums, the whole of which weic exceeding of revenue. Our trade and 

a»794 700I. ^^ '"^^^ explained the manufaftuics had not only revived^ 

node on which the Loan for the prefent but had, m the interval between that ' 

year waa raifed, the interell on which and the prefent war, acquired fuch a fo- 

vras 5I. lis. 6d. He alfo promifed m t Jidity hi to rell even the prefTure of our 

to oiQit any article of expence that preleot diiriculttcs. In felettmg the 

might occur> even ihould the war con* new taxes, \\c it<id endeavoured to fix 

tinue the whole, of 1797* The whole on thofc articles which had before bec|i 

of the interef^ on the 18,000,000!. w^s tried with the grencllTuecefs, and, at 

i,400,oool« but beiides the 18,000 oool. the fame time, were round to entrencll 

^,500,000!. woqld be necelfary to an- ^he leaft on the eojoymenti or comtorts 

Iwxr thcn^eflity of £xchequer-Bitis, of ihe indivc^uals. 
Ujpgii wbicb there would be an annual (7a bt coRimuiil.) 

13^ Mivitw 4/-Nnu fuWcatiinu [Feb. 

19. r«w Sermmfjnaebed in the Cstbedr^l to be apprehended Mr. Wrighi't pUn 

Chkrd> 9f Undaff, • 'mml a Charge, Hilivered i« not eify to be accompliibed, we are 

to 'ifi^'^J' ir^* ^^' 5^'-. ^\'^^'. tempted to incline to the arguments of" 

p^^I'^^U^^-^'*-^-*-^^ hisMtagonift in faTour oft holder of 

A/Sy/Laodaff, . - ,„ ^,^^, ^^ ^ ^^„ ^f fubftance, 

« THE following (Ji^conrfct are publifli- fttficient to make them anfwer to him . 

•a in comp4ianc6 ivith the umted redu^of fe|(, |,i, Uidlord, and the community. 

th» principal cUfs/ and laiCjr before whmn ' 

thai, acihiaconjuna«ira, rpuWicariwTS ">^ ^i^Vn^^f^'^I l'^.^ 

them wcuia be ufefiilm my diocefe. If ^^ J^^^ ,, ,^,^,^ ^ ^^^ 

thu tlicir partiAlicy of judgement (for r-#ju/L*^ ^->jz'ap-^ - ^l r^-^ 

fiich I moft efteem it) (hould in £atf bo J^^'^^l^pf/^f ^'J'r'l^'.tT 

verified in any degree, I (hatt not have rca. ^J:,rtS^'^SlTl'!llr^^^^^ 

Ibo to regret mlTE^ yielded to^folicitt. -^•"^''^- ^-T J««« CaulfieW. 

tion ui-ged by fo very refpeaable an auiHo- " GREAT earc," the editor tell w, 

rity, and ia the moft obliging manner. " has been taken, in farnifliing the BUiftra- 

At all events, I intreat the inhabitants of tiona to this work, to nuend to original ma- 

my diocefo to accept this publication as a ^^^^h which bava been procured for UiO' 

fttiall proof of my fincemdeftre to promote, pupp«»ic at a coofidcrable expencc." 

jUco][ding to my poor ability, thoir fpiri* There is fo little in this lirft num* 

tual wellafe. | hirve no place of reMenco ber, which confifts of a Cuiperficial cha- 

among them s but I have not, I truft, du- raaer of Henry VIIL £dward VI. 

preached befm the King m March, PraaoiaTf«fliam,and a viewof Theo- 

pad it Laadif ia Juae, 1795, hit lord- bg|d, from the old Aeer of fmali viewf 

Ibip, from EcAfon aad Hiftory, refatea ^f bulldiagi, kc\ that it wtH rtqnira 

Atheifm aad lafidelity. From Ai itjo- ^ |^j fucceWoa to oompteie the de. 

tie de Maad. he produces a parallel ^^^ to the extent ahneaed in the title. 

paflage^WHh that of %u Paul, Col. 1, ** ' 

I y I aad, Iram the prefeat belief of tha 12, • ^ njfky «, the FtJ/y ff Sctfttdfm^ the 

Jews, eftabliflH* the Mefaic hiHory. jlhjurditfofApmmUJIngwnkf^tMtsSU/eatt 

U traoea cim varioue oaufef of infideli* ^nd the proper MmMum t§ he ehfetveJ hetv^een 

ty I and coacludet with rccommeadiag thet^vExtrmeu By W. L. Brown, D.D. 

to the fcrious atteation of all believera, Primeif^ y Maiefcfaal College, Aber* 

that they do w^U coaftder the quality deen, •»id Succefir tti the iati ftl^Md J^ir. 

•f tlie proofs, George Campbell. 

The f e e— d (ermoo, from a Peter» DR. B. remarki* that the obferva- 

).. li, has ktt it9 objcA to eviace, in tioa of Plato, that •' every thing arifea 

the ^aiacft language and maaaer, that from its contrary,*' is ezempflified to 

ihaChrHliaa* reltgion is ao impofturcy the fulleft extent in metaphyhcs* mo» 

The fiama objeA hat the Charge, re- rais, aad rcligfon. He treas oa the 

peating his lordibip's former advice to rife and progrefs of Scepcicifm, its dtf« 

bit clergy, v> " eiumuia thoroiighly fcrent heads, nature, and geains, iu 

the foundatloa eta which their faith at folly eoaiidered with regard co ica 

Chriftians is built, now that an atiack caufet, objeAs, and effie^ka. He eracea 

bat been openly made in a foreign the different figoificationa of pogma* 

country, aad is fecrctly coming on in tifm, its abftruftioa of religioea im- 

Our own, not in modes uf worihip or provemcnt, aaddeftruftion of the very 

church -dilcipline, aot in difputabloar* eflvnce of religion ; and 0)cws, that xx 

cictts of faith, aot ia any of the out- has produced all the corruptions which 

«verks of CUnHiai^ityy but pa the ciia* have difisnicsd Chriftianity, pan \\U 

tielUiVlf*'* treats of the medium to be obfefved 

bet«veca the eznemcs, fupttcifini and 

fo. Lmr^t Farm retmrneaJtJ iM a Nati'o/ol dogmati(ia, ia rdigioe j the proper 

yiiw. ji MMfly f Mr, Wright's ^Wrtfi meaning of the'queSioa ) the medium 

/i the Pith/i€ «■ the Mom^ ^Jmajl funm, with regard t» ourfel ves j thr mcaaa of 

THE picfeat queftioa allows much dtfcoaragiag a fceftical aad dogmatical 

10 t^ (4id OH both fidcsi Wlliif il il 4»iht in l£f world ^ aad caacladea 


179T*] RiWfffff Nnu PMiaaimih ijg 

wUh ipmt mforaitttcm tendins to facU he ihould let that iocaiB«ktt." He 

litatc idle 0fcbr?aBCt of ihe XDedium boldt up to the prtfeet ccAtory the 

iccpomieAded* chancer t>f Thoniii FMtr, is the Jat 

century, at a man of adive bfttavoleact 

13. Vtrom Hoimii the GmfermmMt, or thi and rich in good woiki. 
Cmiirjf. Bj D. O' Brien. 

TH I S writer takci a part decidedly »7- ^^' ^ff^ Cmmbtte rftht HmnurM 

oppofite to Mr. Burke» but ne .ther hii '^ ^*^f^ ^ C^wwww, i« whm the Perttim 

fiyk nor hit reniimenct will h^ve the if '** ^'"(^ Butcbert in London, Weft- 

fame weight, or be heard with the fame i^'nfter, ibeBo^gh tf Soutbwartt, W 

attemiMi; War, according to him-ia 't Fi^'u i^7!' ^^"iT^f "^ 

ceruU ruin to tbU nationland fo is ^ '^ *^>^ t. he fHmti Ayil 19, 179^ 

PeacCfif made by the prefent min'ftry. ON the ahole of the evidence th« 

The true po icy and beft hope of the Cummitcte caqie 10 tbefoliowUig ttf»* 

couatiy it therefore i|i a grand ad of lutlont : 

J.^|iku *■<» »■ ■ ^••'Igf "^^^^^1 of «« Reiblfod, that it i^ the opinioa of tfai^ 

its antieat charaAer. Thn Ufl, we Crtmmittee, that tnepraAioes ofCartafa* 

perfuade ourfclves, it pofltiTed bf our J^ichers, in nMKiopolizioj{ SmithMd aod 

countrymen in (he fulleil eircnt s and other markets, is one cau;*e of the deara^k 

we are alfo perfuaded they will defend of bmchert' meat within the biUt of mflr«» 

both the Goyernment and the Conn- tality, which praAices have of lat« yean 

try s and that, if a more penetrating ne* much increaleU ; and therefore the trade of 

gotiator than Mr. O^ B, it not fcot to carcafo-butchers ought to he regulated. 

make the peace, no matier at what time ^ '* RcWrcd, chat it is the opiuion of this 

or under what admin ifirntion it it made. Cornmhtee, that the prjAices of Johbem 

and othcrt, who hay caitle and- me|» on 

•^ AmU 1 fit nma mm.! eh» C^mewm t mm fp«culatioo, which are aftefwards fold at 

^\u1SZL'i?B7^iJ^lj^ ad^ancdpricetfevw^Uimesheforetheyam 

IW ^P^,^ e^ Greactrit^ -^->^^«-^ 

_ ^ , . . ... , , cheri* mear within the bills of niortaliiir i 

THE fpirH recommended by this ibefc prances, having iiwwiibd of la|« yearn 
wTvter bat been fo eminently difplayed to an exceffive height, ought to be abotilheik 

ia a fitcr-kingdomy when nothing but ^ Refolred, that it is the optoioa cif 

the favouring hand of Provideoce pre- Comnillttoe, that fiBreftalBng and regratioi 

teatad its extteme exertions to vepei tend greatly to enhanoe the priceofbutchert* 

the common foe, that it would be im- meat ; ^nd iliat ibefe prjaice», ha? ing iin 

pioitt to doubt whether it v^ ouid not create! of iaie years tn the great detiime^c 

diftiaguiih itieU in like manner in this ©^ ^l» pohUc, ought to be more.efiiiauatly 

kiagdom. ThecompantiveJ.ftof as prefentedtqrafummarymodeelconTiaion-- 

mcipal cttiet and cownt in Great The report of the committee of fc- 

Biitaia wd Ireland againft 340! FraDce, tail butchers' hat annexed to it'theif 

Hating, at the fame time, ihc decreafe petition to the ^.ord Mayor, Ibc. mi 

of population, gives in roun<( n ambers ch inge the market -day ia $mithfie1da 

a decided fopehority in our farour* which, in the opinion of counfel, coulj 

not be done witboutaa ad of parUarociit. 

mdUtm^emtifLvipitt^^ tfOeot^t zt, A Ch^irge delivered to the Clm ef tH 

Borgefi^ B» A* Vhctfe of Briftol, ai the ftimay VifiMkn, 

'USi. B. Jwho dates from Whrnlcfea, ^Hcnry-Rejinald, UrJB(^cfanik6l, 

aid priaca at Peterborongh, gitet very « 79^. ¥MJkedanbe Re^isrji ^ the CUr^. 

good advicui which, if followed, would AFTER a m^deft exordium coa^ 

contribute to the happinefs of the weiU cerning his own fi nation and abiiities« 

M largo* his lordihip, •< pei faided at he is, that 

h\%g9ti/oriune ha& tbr^tva him arntmc 

$6. The An <jf gmmfiHi rkL a ja (p,- tbg moft fmrt) of loyal and 

THIS author iiifo gives good advice, orthodox ciergv, iiii'urcs himli^f, that 

•ad taachea the art of^uecoaomy }«- the good difpoiition, which their na* 

ihat^a«naa iiooid notoaiylivej^t^in tural candour wtii iiuduce them to na* 

hfa iacoMf hot that he ftoui fave juieft towards the per ion of nay one 

fuBCwiiat o«i of tliitt iMooMii ad Aat placed at their head, wi<i be imccMiM 


tf Nem Publitatitns. 


and (Irtngthened hj an anxious defire 
to fupport that order of things and that 
fyflem of which he is a ncceflfary part; 
vihich, taking root f'om the primitive 
and eren apuftolic times, has heco To 
adapted to the fluAnafine revoluMO't 
of humm erents (m which even Reli- 
gioD, conGd'Ted as to her external 
foiin» muft neceflarily be involvcl) as 
to an Twer heft (be purpofcs for wh'cli ic 
^M intended ; and of whi^ h, 1 tnii'r, 
it wilt not be coo Riuch to fay (1 ^rni 
fjpeakiagof the who'e cxceltenr conOi- 
tution of thit country), th^r, alUiw^nce 
being made for the infirmities and'im* 
pecfcAions of cvei v thing hunup, it 
liat bctQ found, during a tinne offufli- 
ctant cxpenniei)t and through many 
frying occyfions, calculated to produce 
the greateft pra^ical good, checked by 
the Icaft poffible evil-. And one ground 
of iti tnprit, 1 tonpcive, will be found 
sa the nature of its coonex on with the 
civil conflitotion. Neither the (liive 
porthetjraBt of the ftatc, it adorns and 
lifenethcns the Tenerrfble fabric ■ to 
which it it joined, and to which it fo 

(ion as fh\^— -totally difrcgardinjB^ the 
relation between 'the paAor and hia 
flink i not to mention the ruin of the 
parfoR.igP'houfc, ibe ncgle^ of the ter- 
rier and re^ifler, and, nbove a I, of the 
ptoptT duties of a parochial mintfter." 
The new Curates' A6V is illuftrated, 
and paniculiir jrtention recumoicndid 
in the choice of curates, whofe falaries, 
the bifliop nbfrrvcs, are in general be- 
\tf\v the point to which they might be 
made hf the u£t of Q-ieeii Anoe, and 
they are now to bv f&ither acLommoda- 
ted wifh the ufe of the purfonagc* 
houfc. He runcludes with recommend- 
ing to the )6iinger d^^rgy, to purCue 
and improve on their cures or benefices 
iu the leifure which they afford them. 

** Umler tlii<i influence I would liope, 
that tlicir iearning. wlic-n jpfilied to the 
common tUitics of their piofcdioM, will bo« 
come found) fimple, andrjtiuaal ; calcu- 
lated to take hold of r':c peop]: , a> to giiard 
thenii tliou^h Millie fp-nt ;,f C riftian cha- 
rity, not only ag.nnfl tl>e prejudices of 
thofe wUo hat «? lung fepai ^ited from us, but 
againft tlie :iiccmprs aUo of hold and for- 

li-i .i** '^ u: r^^ \ji^ ward enthufiafts ; to rnnke them content 

wmhout the deftruaion of both.- forefathers liave trod, notwitl.rt-nding the 

His lordfliip proceeds to give Tome 
proper tnferencet againft fupineneCs aud 
KCuUrity, which, in the French cler* 
gy, were faid to be among the ciufei 
which paved the wav for the a(luni(h- 
iBg events we have feen ; and adv ce 
boMr to behave to thofe unhappy perfe- 
cuted exiles^ without fufTcring our vi- 
gilance CO be relaxed in guarding a- 
gainft the infurredions of thofe tenets 
which coi*rupt and vitiate their Chrifti- 
anity. *' Place yourlelves as nearly as 
nay be in the lituation of tbefc men ; 
let them underftftnd the terms yp^n 
which they muft expeft a continuance 
of yout" good offices; and you will ea- 
fily, 1 truft, be ab'e to reconcile your 
paniculat duty with the generous fen- 
tiinents of charity you muft feel to- 
wards them.*' He comes next to the 
cflential article of refideoce, and com- 
bats ** a notion which prevails too muph, 
and prevails, I fear, under the fan6>ion 
of refpeflable authority *, that, if a 
clergyman does hit (hare of duty, it is 
indifferent whether he performs it in 
his own pirilh or that of another. I 
confefs, it appears to me, that a more 
effe£lual b^r cannot be placed againft 
a general rcfidence thin fuch a concef- 

• SeePaley'b Mor 4 riuk)ibphy, cXiV. 

oilurs of weak and felf-fufficient guides to 
lead them into new ontv&. Wh:it remains 
for the prefeut may^ 1 hope, he completed 
between u<:, from lime to time, by corre- 
fpondence and pei-fw>nal iniera>ui fe, which 
it will ever be my wiih and defirc to en- 
cour.'\^ in all cafes ^\'h?rc by advice and 
alViiiioce I can hopu to be of any Ufe. I 
regret that unavoidable eng3tgenieiit<> of du-> 
ty will necefTarily detam me grextly from 
my diocefe s'bot I beg leave to atfure youy 
that I have nothing nenr^r my heart than 
to be enabled fo to condu6l the affairs of i( 
as to combine ilie confcioufnefs of my ha- 
ving dftne my duty with your uppvobati.on 
of my endeavour. To this nm\ 1 (hall al< 
ways b$ ready to receive yoiir infurniatioH} 
to hUen to your couni'el, and to cooperate 
with you in any nae-ifur^^ wluch may teu4 
to tlie veneral ^ood ; truflin<;, at the fame 
time, that, ihoald any ac^ of authority he at 
any time called forth to coerce the refradlo- 
ry or to reclaim ilie profligate, 1 (hall be 
fupported in thepninful hut neceflary cxer- 
cife of it -by your countenance and alfiilv 

Hislordfhipit re6Vorof St. George* j, 
Hanoven-lquAre, and of Leigh, in 
Kent and lirft coufin to Lord Courtcev. 

29. ^ Enquiry into the Caufti and ProjMC^ 
tioH ^' Fovertf, and the State of the Pytr ^ 
t^etber 'with the Mcam for their ejfc&M^ 

£f^*/% ^jf Jf*^ Vaucouvor* 



Rtmtw tf Ntw PiAEctOiita. 


FROM a ftrks of reifooiDgs 00 the 
BAtote of poteitvi and of property, the 
wxiccr draws the following uitcrcncet : 
** that poverty is of a phytical origin ; 
that there are two forts of it, permanent 
and temporary ; that all who labour 
arc .in a greater or (eft degreey by a fuf- 
pcnQoo of their work, liable to the lat- 
tcr, ihofc alone naturally iocapacitaced 
ftibje£k 10 the former \ that, on the 

moft parfimoiioas manneo tbe focietf 
could never in future hope for the en- 
joymeot of a greater fli-ire of comforts. 
However cxptdient, rherefore, it maf 
be, to lelieve the prefluie of the prefcBt 
moment, fuch relief (hould and ought 
only to be of a temporary uature." p. 36. 
The labourer's Jbilliiig fliould be made 
to produce 1 %d. To cfii£^ this, Mr. V« 
propofes the icftitution of pmrocbUi 

peclcnal efforts of the labourer ceafiQjrp fhops, the equalization of the poofratCp 

h« is reduced to povcriy ; that Ubour 
IB property { that every individual, not 
ipcapable of labour, pcrfl'si&s property ; 
thgit property is exiid^uiihed on inca- 
pacity .to perform labour ^ that proper- 
ty IS divided between the employer 
and the employed ; that liie employer 
holds the means of exciting labour, and 

or rather a total abrogation of the pre- 
fent poor laws, and the alTcflnients xm. 
confequence of ihem, and the adoption 
of, I. « €»mpUttly'tquitmbli fubfcriptitm 
hy the imfloytrs paid to amd f§r tbt r#* 
liifoftbi empUyrd \ a. an obligamu Mr 
tbt tmfUyed to npay fuch fubUripiion i^' 
tbt common jotnt^§€b §rjf urn Ji§ ^.tutdi 

ihe employed ot producing It : that the fuperintendtncy and tontroul ovtr tb$ 

nature of property is immutable, and njuhott orekriog and maaagtment of tko 

is precifely the fame in either Ibciety j focitty*s t/ffairj by tbo partus imiertfkd 

that thongh the nature of property is in tbt jiUt capital flock fofubjcribtdoMj 

■oc to be changed, yet it differs m qua- fnndtd. By a weekly fabfcription of 

lity agreable to the eircujnflances under the rcfpeitive earnings of raen at 6d. 

which ft if pcilcil'ed ; that it is theqja* and uf women and children at jd, it it 

hty of property in the (octety of the calculated might be raifcd ah annual 

coploycrs not to require their own revenue of 5,070,000!. for the fupport 

manual or menial exertions, to be p>e« of the whole fociety. This capital ii to 

forvable wnhout diminution, and trans- be contidered not only as the grofs pro-' 

ferred without difficulty ; that by this du£t or pcr-centage on the value of the 

quality the foCiety has been enabled, total earnings, but as a net fum exclu- 

byliftleand little, to amafs great funds 
of furplus property, thefe have accumu* 
lited and delcended to fucctfTort, and 
have bten the means whereby alone 
the meisbcrs have been protected a- 
gaivft poveity ; that it is the quality of 
propcny in the other fociety to be en* 
ureiy dependent on their own perfonal 
cfibrti, which can neither be preferv^d 
aor transferred \ that the fociety of the 

iivclyof ail deductions, applicable alone 
to the relief and benefit of fubfcribinj; 
pcrfons. A man with a wife and three 
children, fubfciibing annually 5a s. will 
remain a gainer by the propofed arrange- 
ment of 27 s. 8 d. ptr annum, Thit 
plsn feems to have furnilhed a grdund- 
wotk for the bill now intended to be 
brought into parliament^ though nor in 
equal extent. We regret our limits do 
not allow us to fay more^ or give more 

employed, time out of mind, hiith not 

Kccivtd full compenfation for their copious extraCti. 

property, i. e. the price of jbcir lab >ur 

hu nor been equal to the demand of 30. Tbt Uj'e and j^ufe of this fforht A 

their wants ; th^t confequently it has 
been impollible fwr the members to 
have obtained any furplus property 1 
and that it \\ furpitn prPptrty9\ciiit that 
fecarcs individuals againil pBvtrty." 
pp.3]<«*3S* '* Encreafe the value of 
the property of the employed, and pe* 
variy will no longer ftalk the flreets." 
Not, however, by advance of wages, 
for *' were the wages of the employed 

StrwKH fT cached at St. fiene't Gracechurchy 
in the City of London, on Siutday^ Get. 9, 
1796, and puhli/hd at the Re^uejl of tbt 
^ttdtcnce. By William Jones, A/.W. Wm« 
Sbor of tbt Man of Sin, Iz c, ^c, 

DEDICATED to Dr. Gafkin, rec- 
tor. The things which this world pre<* 
fcnts to us 3LrtTtmt,lf^talib,Fo9d,Ctoath' 
ing. Matrimony t Spttib. Confidering th^ 
ulc and ahufe of thcl'e the pieacfier pa* 

laifsd in propoition 10 the v#iue of ihetically exclaims, ** who can behold 

their wants in this time of fcarcity, it without forrow of hcdit what man iSp 

woeld be 6xing a ntaximnm on the ne* when it i^ conHdercd what he might be I 

ceiatiet of lite, which no profulioo but, how dreadful does the cafe becomeg 

hereafter could aboliih » and, as the ad- when it is added, that man has but out 

faacc vrould uicvitabij be made in ihe life to live m thU world ! if he i.U\^)'9i\ 


* ■ ■ ' > ■ 

136 ItiviiW 9/ NiW Pkhluatbm. f pcfei 

thit aw«7, tlxtre Is hofifwsf triil ; he ne- 33. ?r?;rf» fo/ a ff^^aat ftdee, m pNU^ 

vfcr rctufcs to correal his itiiflike, is f^catE^. 5) Hihw Kant, JVc/^^r #/ 

neter permitted to uy the world ovtf fhihfo^hy nt Kontglberg. Tfanflmtedfrtm 

again ; aad, jf he was to tty it a thou - *^ German- 

fsmd times, he would alsnvs mifcarry. We have alrcidy had a fpecimen of 

if he is not with Gvid aod God/ with the Kaatean Philolophy. \ 

liini.*» The text is i Cor. V\\. 31. The author fet« out with relliog iis^ 

^ that poHtieian^ inuft condefceod to be 

jf . The Rife of Mihnwet aenrfiteJ fir at larional before they can admit his ideas, 

mtttrral tutd civil Princr^-',. By the Inie amoDf; Sbhicli are republicaniftti and e- 

U.ithan Alcock> Af. D. hi tht Vniverfiri^s cj jalitv, the ultimate uoion of £u- 

t Oxford mnd leyrfco, »/fot» e^ the rOpe into a fedetaiioo of repobltCS, 

al Colttge ff ?h)ficiantj mmi uf the Roynl "^ 

S^ietr, Loodun, amiifubefrmtr Viuver. ^, jt Otter to the Lsrti AftrmitefBwk* 

ftffwtj ye^rt eciel^ratcd fr^itScr ih Che^ ingham, Kmgbt %ftbe Myi mkOfder^f 

mijky a»J ji^uitoKy, ,tt Garter, Se. &^r, ebitfy «« the SUjei 

rUBLlSH&D by the Do^^or'i bro* «/" tlx mtmerous emigrant Franch Prirjhmnd 

ther Thcmia* A. titar oi Rarcorc, in othm of he Cbm^eh of Rome, pefitkmi ami 

Chcfliiie, and dtd cacfd to the hifiiop m^fntMrndinlin^Vdndat fltefiMieExfe/iee, 

of Chefter ; aod prehx^d to Jt the fol- 'i'^d'^'^ the Sptrit and Vrineiflftf thai cbkrchp 

lowing exiraa from the Doam 's letter 1 jMied and political, 

«' I h^te )aie!y acldeU, in the chapter •< on THE writer, who affurts his com* 

Hi* eift^ of warm air," a ftiU flieet to ac- fpondent he ngvir can bfe km9U/n^ founds 

Ciraiu for the.fodden rife and prodigiom a (eriuus alarm to his coontryoaeB on 

progress of the Mahvmet empire and reli- an occafioa over which our goremon 

(ion, fram the nature of tlie ^lim^te, tlie iti church aod flatc feem to him to ilom- 

tfhara^er of the Arahians auil the neigh- ber. He writes lilte a fchoiar and a gen* 

bvuring oatloof, rei'uitiog from the cU- UenMn, and with the patriotic warmth 

»atc, the particular circumftances of the ^f ^n lioncfl man. 

times, and the politic iiutitutioris of the . mx-.e ^' o. ^ •. .. 

Wer. adapted to the climate and times. . }lZ^^^J^- "^ *" hearnoduoc. 

Wifliyoucou'dlectlus before it be^rm/^^. « ""r calhednds, nothing in oornnivcifi. 

1 hke ft n.vfe;f.- ^ ."«' "^^^^^f »" ^ <*^ of opulenc^ and 

^, r -\ \ - • 1 Hioorpopulonsciiiesj yet ftiU ao Wwwii 

No fajther review can be required. ^^ice may cry from the defart,as of oW, 

our patlis may he ra:wleand hft flraiikt. 

j2. ^nAUrefi tothe Jnbat:iun:x of London x have fpokcn aloud as becomes a man in 

Jicm t}i€ Court of ./Jfifanti c/ the Honcurable i|,c y^^ ^f pe,.i|^ ,|,jj ^.^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ 

jirtillcry Ccmfdty, avenue lo aw/hir approach of fpiritiial do- 

FOIKTING out the utility of that minniion. I fjiealL in the name of the peo* 

compmy, a volunteer corp dtvoted to pie of England, and as one of that people, 

UiC dtfencc of the mrtiopolis., heini? a that they hate PopiOi fnperftiiion, and will 


vernors of finglaud IboiiUl at -this hi^ur unite 
mercy, pmdeiice, hnreanity, difcretion, mm 
^ c . / It .u • u . finnntfs. It is not a fpeech which ch 

refofing. how*"" {roa!i their number ^^^^^ ^ refourcesof an exhaulled Isiog 
to ret ihe City M\Um have the ufe of jom i nor is jt a breath which can difpaUU 

•p th.m by »h« eu, .7S0. .nd a d.v.. pn.deice,hn™.i>it,,drf«ti«,.«| 

fion of .Kh»K , «< iheu rtaloos tor ^^^f^ It i. noc . fp^h which cm 

iheir Artillery. Oiound, or to incorpo- fejiilemtialclLudofF»encblocujitvi\i\ch darkeii 

rale with rhem. The gentlemen of the uqU devour our Umd. If we have bitli^to 

Artiller]^«>Company, io Q^ceo £l:za- ilept, let us remember that deep is no other- 

beth's time, 1586, uicd to meet and wifeablcfnngthana&itinvigoratesihefr.init 

prafliie arms and marihal dilcipiinc in of man, and fits him for higher miniftry and 

ghe ifr/x///r;-G«rJ/» wiihout BiAopf- more determined aaion." 

gate, -.vhich ground was aniitRtly be- THIS pamphlet deferves to be read 

longing to St. Mary Spital there, and with attention. Whether all the charges 

was fiDce granted for many years to it of an attempt to overthrow be equaby 

by the laft poffelTor thereof to the ufe well founded or no:, the hazard is woith 

and prsdlice of great and fmail artillery, attending to, aod the thanks of the na- 

TheCourtofCmmoiiCouiit:!] deter- tion at Targe are due tu the awakeoer. 

mined, Sept. 1796, not to inieifcre in We wifh to be informed whence conit^ 

ly^e cl'tfcrcncc between liie London Mi- the annual fuin cf ao,ooo K faid to' flow 

Ii.ta ajiii ihc Ardliery-Ciunpzny.^ through 

Pol 4«_Lf M^ fbr lb* Imppnrt M the Ca- |« wfH M to fapprcli 

ii » »*l. WxPi, ipf f. 

, * w «p 

yuv^tti tQ H ii 

^ j» lit 5.1/f umi J/"'«/ JMjt'Wj. liag (h« ••«nij, it ^ratcaia| 

bm.foMwH'Aru'.ramb. x*ni- fluiFi, in cAaUifltipK-inieind peKc, 

*^X- "^t^ " '*■ '•^■'^•f^^ n4 14 fiiWyiol our poor wiih bn»L 

■ -*. W<jT«.lmpio^*ln. ay V»M Jo^, »e qImc, and jiiftly, thAoofl irnliPliied 

■ -W:**.liMf««/P»lloii. «.»fid.,M. To fucb oicD, di]Jingulflie|i 
nOH tb( WHuit Of Wift PhrU, iiy f,c)) n)ururiii, wc wiih\movM 

uc tm (oru of Chnlliiaf )*^0 4o ■— 
kHfAhCharA,' and of tAclcont fD;i 
I* n A< Clmrrii. Tflicr^ in iKb iwa 
{mteriaii into which Ciitilliirf pcno'e 
■n IwuiT*' I 'he 6rA, lupjrt6*t <f'A 
the Churth will Ifivc qcD VnlttMl gfi- 
bufji i iW luAoil. ihu rodliecii wi)l 
ftn men tvliUmt Itt Cl^rif. f\)^ 
fit^wn ihe crnir of the J>:w>, ladli 


much fw^ 
I touvrdi pic>eDting coKlii. 
Ill maaop'iiicii 'fld nmcheKid 
impipre the prtfcm tledingif 

SunJiq', 'April t7, I7gt, 'kii^lif^ 


fl»li» Bl»rii lw(\<lpw«,by 

)(-/Sui:(I»j';-.iTi!mW'nri*. ■ "^ 

■ri-, S«i«. jj, VNri.Ci.'iie/Jf.Uw- 


bbiibtW* ptrijii nuyivw/ 
r((lvc(, if'ltwy will but Of fiypt 

Keccrc i led, ^t tRc cife of [1 

IH ibt A(«, fiMu Otacftt a? ill. i». 
CBHTditeia'hvfibiife^oacetn, j A<n thecbiTaacrbrOodHeanpiigbiiaAM 
la**'ilif««rf«jgJ<lrert Bffrff to WA " *i»*eMed «»4 wnprorei i« •■ apffl. 
fatUfirHpUce.'^'^ HcEffocM^f ta if- canoB le btrniB Juftisi. IrA^Iam^ 
Ur Jfc ihc faciaae*! ^ ^ip'iriti, ilw f'om.Pfalm ctaiL ■, 9, th> lAanOar 
Cierf, «« CjcMDiajdinnt*, iht JMii- of a true and x^iloui. pranMM'^«f tlM 

kMt of ibc Lord*! Supt;tr and 9ttftt, 
ui fttw* the BCMllity of bclitvinjf aai 
MudT the f>il.t .huj ihi (pitii ai tltc 

Oaia. Tr ' -^ ' ' ^ 

hjtfrf " 

public peace aad bippinef> i« dfpliyc^ 
>M >• tba tUiJi ftum I KuMt. tit. a 
iha^MVvf adiief inticMiai ' 

._ .... .,„. „ — Ki«.a^iap . 

ndbivft » the f<#la and Mt.— ThaaathorlMiAsn'nwanWby 

If. ^£nM>>*MUaf Xnarefboramt, 

'^oi*. a*. 1^ - *^ tf, f-rV 

«B<«*Mc, .^ftrikilut a-^rarf- 

i^^itTM. laiftiKl CbpMM.«^. 

IT wM * ^tr incan^rt m ibi ^N 

Mvl of t]K Otffpel. wlM have ttitlc 

tin at ilic'co^feru of JIfr tr eeftnicM 

jtjhh. Jijfr^yJt, ^-hculcfie litrnc iqi- 

■WUft < 

w-hculcM* l^rnc iqi- 
4F'tM Inuai/ OT Fc«tifcaV 

icinpcr, WhUb kit lunDlfti wte the >w< 
Uh iiff*h lb iptfit, itcMnnenrti to ftu> 
dt, t. n^e Ecpjihal naiut* of ibc-foil on 
wtiit)! hsifitf ^ affcdd irc boilc ; j . 
ihf acdifcncii) dr idnniiUMt Autaicf 

it ; i. ibe gR^ on ftone U11I MliC('i[fi- 
ttriaa i 4- on tiii>ber end (ftakiadaikf 
ciintMr inoft icKlil; 4fFcanf brk. Mi 

owii iHUjfe irSunbur¥iira>jHR'fo#i 

, fM(0A],,«*tUfihr4iMMI«e 
Ciul: of Ihc rot fl'itt'th* gfivMlf M 

t thajt Md ibc tayia'ii '^ii 

^en inivlUrciiiKtilenrrWi«Mbttt, 

_ __ .. . ^ le m3ft.cpi^«M*'«IM|l*t 

,"fftl4WinaiJ>ufaihM piVfoK ^oort ^dMl'nac toHWiW <bk 

[r/ e.'VciHtH"»b hvoiin courffor it. ■»u,M >• ihc-iriWifrht 

II Aa^alaof nriih tbaBitioBilganj prarcntion of it, tiui vtliin \cu» 'tt) 


RiwUw $f Nm POScmiMi 


ii^cribtd H Chai Ut James Fox. 
HO WEVhR wc may aiffcr from tht 
polHical (entimcBtf wnkh tint poem 
cMTtyt with regard to the continaitios 
of the WIT, wc are remily lo do jttftiee t6 
hi literary merit. A warm inimatiiig 
fpiric pitvalU throughoot* eiDrefled in 
forcible and flowinc linei. liie remo- 
val of Voltatre'i aftet to the Paijlheon 
it particularly well deferibcd. If tbit 
poem i« the compoBiion of Mr. Jeroing- 
ham (to whom it i» attnbuud), it if 
undoubtedly an acceffion to hit fame. 
Theielincsarethusinfcribed loMr. Fox : 
** I cannot pay the candour that accom- 
paniet ^our grtat taleott a higher com- 
pliment than by dedicating to you a 
poem where general principle i& adverfc 
to your political feniimcnw ;" and con- 
cludes with a complimeAt to the fage of 
BiseomsJiiU from the Mufe : 
«( Who the fame track (thou haft adom'd) 
purfuef, [grain* 

Wbo gleans thy fcatt'rings, grafps the falling 
From the full harveft of tliy loaded wane.** 

40. Ji Ltttff f a Frieml, mCmmeret^ and F^et 

Porttf and London Ikckt, 
FOR the encouragement and esun- 
.toi of Commerce, and the fecurity and 
iacreafe of the revenue, the writer re- 
commcndt the making of England a 
gicat depot for commerce^ by a general 
bonding lyflemt and the making it • 
general free pore. 


41. EammiMtkn rf William Vangfaan, Eff. 
in m Cvmmttfe rf the Houfe •/ Cmmmt^ 
April ilf 17Q*» •* '** Cmmerci of the 
pirt ^ Locidoni and the Accmamdaiims 

' for Shiffing, &c. 

THE whole bufioefs it bow under 
the review nf Parliament. 

42. jt Chargt gtvtn U tie firand Jmy at 
the Genhol $^ttr Sefm of the Ptaee 
yddtnjv the County of Cambridge, tU 

. I stb iuy 4 January, 1 794. 

DR. NASMITH enlargfi on the 
propriety of the new aft agztnft Sedi* 

'liont MeetingSf in which be obfervcf, 
«« Parliament hu doM m more than 
animated the wifdoti of tHir anceflon 1 
flew abofes have crept la, new rcmedlet 

.have been applied, and, in applvifig 

theft MBitdiety every cantimi hat baeo 

' -laken to have the tishc ttfelf inviolate." 

*Ua eommcati oa the ad, fUtct who 

- may oU mceiiag^i tnd the fubje^ fit 
to bediicttCTed, He pvoceedt to make 

• icffltflu on the put fcardty aC bread* 

com, to nconmcDd remedict for it, 
and the poor with good and wholefome 
bread, or maaU 

4]. The fobpdttr. AToeau 
A RHAPSODY, addttfled, we 
fuppofe, to War i for, we hava not 
been able to find the O th$M who it in- 
voked in the opening, nor wbo are the 
^ three atteodant graces" to whom the 
** philofophic creed gives the meed."*-* 
In the 17th page hit *■ native count^ 
iicalt upon the poet's eye 1" buK the 
t$lumUir hat' almuft efeaped bit notice 

'' Order, fceking again her vacant throne. 
Comet, on feathering piiuuns, floating 
down.*' ^ 

" Nor ilfe [unlefs] Confufion quite untun'd 

thi» earth, 
And Chaos reign'd again, as at its birtb, 
S«mi« favour'd fpor Humanity would fave, 
Where her poor fliipwrecked fons might 

find a grave, .[cay. 

Her fighs Ihe fcene would (belter from de- 
Bend o'er each form the dying rites to pay» 
Her filler Chivalry would gild the gloom, ' 
And fix herfelf a mourner Ajeur lomb.*' 

ExeuMt Humanitv, Chivalry, Poetry, 
all together, ftark ftariog mad ! 

While fome authon prefent ut with 
their workt, and othert with their 
compUmcott, foliciting our rtvifal; vra 
turn from the cotbufiafm of poetic ef- 
lufion to fomething whofe ftylc it 
above the ufual efFervtfceBce of prpft* 
or profe and fentiment run mad to* 

44. The Hi/kfy and Amtifnltin vf the City 
and Stbiirh of Worcefter. i{y Valentine 
Green, Fellow / the Society ^ Antifnarin 
rf London. 1 foh, 4fv. 

MR. G, when a young man, pub* 
liflicd A Surviy of tint City §f #Wr^/r, 
in 8vo, 1764, commled during bit resi- 
dence there; in which he wat aflifted 
bv a clerjgyman of equal modefty aad 
aoility, of the name of Oarbett; Mc* 
Green contributing eogravingt of the 
principal buildings, &c. In the line of 
angravipg every maa of lafle aad fci* 
cnce mud acknowledge hit mertt^ 
which hat reifed him to the rank of 
menfldmo engraver to hit Majefty, 
aflbdate of the Royal Academy, nod 
V. A. fi. B«t whether Mr. O^t Ituda- 
ble defire to impiove a juvenile per* 
fofoumce led him to afpiie to a charac- 
ter to which he it pot to equal, 9r that 
ha wsu'noc itorranaie umuah to &vl a 
fecoad tvt^ to write for hini we are 


? ■ 

. » 




RtvifWtfNtw PuUkatuiui 


ferry lo fajr ditt th« ciiKiidoii of the 
■■mtivc It MC cqval to* thai of the 
platet. After ' tratting of Worctftcr 
under the Rom am aod Saxoett io two 
foAioat, the hiftoriaa pafiV s to the coU 

ac aafl cadicdral, and religions houfet » 
kh oocuf>]r clef en moret before we 
arrive at the >caftl€, theearle and mar- 
qnifas. the hattUK* firgci, tmmniiif and 
nnarfcahio occufrteaeei, and the royal 
vifiti, makinv four mof«V andcooelu* 
the'6rR folumv. The (ccoad 

oomprehaa^ the city In itt prefent 
fate* it»m|l goTcmmcnt, a parochial 
accfluai df-ify -fhe prdcnc ho^piuh and 
diarittbb linnidations» eminent na* 
thet or inhabttiatf, (call and coins; 

AiiuttoM calculattd for' the relief of tht 
fick pare of the oommunitv, f om tba 
early praAice af phyfick to the hrft ia- 
ftittttion of an hofpiul for the 6ck by 
Pabiola, a Chriftian widow, ct.aiempo* 
rary with St. Jerom, to the fbundatioa 
of fueh intlitutioot. in and amoog tho 
monaflickt, and cadowmcntt for fucJi- 
jHirpofes in oar own and other Chnf*; 
tian countries i a few of which ire ftill 
fiiffcred CO fabfifV to the ralickt cmE 
Frrnch' public endowments. He mo*' 
oeedrto enforce the doty of contfibu* 
ting to their (upport by the coafiderf- 
doa of the iituation of the labouring 
and maoufa6luriag poor^ and the inu* 
reft the rich muft take in their relief 

concluding with' an appendix of mifcel- and the 4gc§amy ^ cbmriljfy which it 

lancout papers. If tdere is not a rego* beft difpofed of lo public charities i to. 

Ur deuil or the date of the city io every which add good pol*c]f. Thcfe infti- 

ccnturyt the changes it has fpccifically tutions counteri^ .the roifchieft of 

widcrgoiiCt the manners of its tnhabi- quackery* train n>en in true fcicDCc, 

aott» or its tradct enough of thefe are and encourage permanent charity* and 

UMrfpcrfed, in authaacic miffinal doeu* not that which is the impulfe of tho. 

mentis lo furniA (bme ciccuknt mite- moment* We have not read a mor^ 

riali for a hiflory of Worceficr. A coinpreheafive ftatcment or cogent ai^ 

flier ftvle, and lets aSeAition of feott* gumencation on thefe fubjeQs. - 
anental refltAion, woul4 have rendered 

u a more readable book-. But the con- 
cfadug paragraph of the preface will 
be the baft apology : 

■ ' Itt' the general courfe and piOKrefs of 
this worfcy many parts of the hiftory of 
WenefteTp which no Antiqosry'a torch 
kad yet iUominalsdy are braoght to view i 
k is prefnmed that the inhabitant of that 

jfi»A Semom frtached in tht CatbtdrtJ Cbitnk 
•f Hereford. By the Reu. Charles Nc^- 
worthy Michel!, B. A of Oriel CtUegt^ 
Oxford, «W Curate rf Weftnn under 
Pen/ard, /« the Dfcefi cf Hereford* 

. MR. M. fugeefls a new uaoflatioa 
of a paflsfie in JManh. xv. 23, 24. A 
woman of Canaan imploring the aid o( 

Ckyi if ha has not made antiquities his our Saviour* his diiciples defire him to 

ibdy, may find in it observations that are find b§r mfueg^i BUT he anfwered I 

WW to him, difcuffiont that arc curious, am not fenr but to the loA iheep of the 

tf not IJttMiftDfy, and lUuftratioas not houfe of Ifracl i therefore he did noc 

faoofbl, though, m fume in^ances, not objea to her being fent away. Tho 

teiooarative; and that the ftrangcr, renueft of the difciplet mj 

to him the tt^^. hifor^io!^ «»'«««• confining their Mafter*i kindMfa 
dcmod from the mOfI authentic fourccs, ^ «*^« J«ws)i and their Lord's anfWer 


Sfti reoderdl with a faithfulnefii on which 
be may rely, akhoui^ not daeflfod in a 
gaih he nMy admire^*' 

Sixteen of the twenty-four places 
bavc b^n prcfenud to the editor, who, 
yn may be afTured, would not* per frit 
ihem to be executed by inferior aitifts. 

45. jf Senmm frM^M im Trinity dmrth^ 
Xeeds, M Sunday, OAober z i^ 1796, fir 
tkt ikm/f •/ the General Infirmary im that 
Tema. Bj Tbomas Dunham Wbitakari 

" FROM Rev. xxti. a. the preacher 
dadoces a hillory of tlic cbariuble in- 

to it is rcpleu with impropriety. Mr. 
M. propofes to tranilate AvaXMrei awiiia 
not fiid hiw. snut^t but ulitvi her* 
The conje&ure is at lead ingenious f 
but may not the difliculty be as cafily 
removed by changing the flop at the 
end of the 14th verte into an imierr^ 
gaihM : ** Am 1 not fent but unto tht 
loft Iheep of the houfe of Ifrael V* 

47. The JtehdUoHt a Dream, 'Te^'whtch ft 
added, Tht JMu, a Tale tf Vi Thuu 
. ^ Tbon^^ Sim£oo. Rocbeiler.' 

IF we underftand the'writer's mean* 
ipg, he fccms to aim atao imitax\otkfA \V\«. 


XiMwr. ^ tkm fwUctluiu. 



clia driiiii MfiU ^mmm tuketi^Mx 
flt^fiy ill! tMf tiktafbai lb«tti«i]r-> 
lAilhc «duvA of lift ytar, miraMliMp 
sad its ^fm. «#te iha MSliiutfc of A 
dMitt I oo4» ttAdcr ilac df a tib of olii 
fldleiA 10 toooienite il« aAmtt ol Ihfe 
t«f|Hi&M dibirt f but wo v« at t loft 
10 ONot^nlMid tiM M ol ibit tuioipc. 

' Mbt i^atmM. TOMoft, M WMnefl 

• «|)rii^ IsMif F«bniil7< tHS> Aitf^ '4» 

-#» i y i i ff t i firm filf d f B O H i / ri|f. Jv «ir 

' Jlvo. tdlin 0:<iiliiior^ ClanN %fftlk vihmf' 
tf*iri4 4Mtf i{(Ar y- Braildloid, ^r« 4« 

' * Gm09 ^ I>«iby. 

THIS i» tb« firmooi lbs oooipofition 
df vfbMlti» b^)ir c^incioetl bi *• Rdnarki 
Oil tt/' wai vifkditaicd b^ ht aorhrr in 

tiie**BriclF Riflc£kiAns^*'riVfcusil LX V I. ^Wi to ftivngthcA cIm nai(OB)i^«(Ub>tlb'^ 
p. At^« If «'<: k^vc in thii ihOaacc f>ut oicm^." In tl»e plan of hU Cb^r^c iho 

: XVgR.y poblNotm of tbis. mifbf 
INkOiM bcon as iouiobc ftompof oMrie^ 
WiUi 4lf«fiiw ON follow bim lo tba 

E' acy of tbe iiftar-fciogdom, aod 
him cxprelTiBg bti "fraiicado p^ 
jfux Aiubor of Jlrcau, aod to bio- 
MajnAy uodor bioi, -fi»r raifii^ |dim^ 
buwcvcr iiowortbily. lo tbc ^tmn bt. 
now c»cco|^s^ ood 4o tbo acMoiy o# 
bia prcdccaflbr, wbofe mtiXIry in Wo 
diocafe, ud the kinodom^l'Uqrc, i( 
iotmoruiiatd by hik z«ai for tb4 publio. 
profpcrity, h:« atuncioo f^tba iQeaoo 
qr cltricalrUi^fcoce, bfSpitir i» piw^ 
HMit'ng the creA.UM bf plotiia dadiOaioi 
CO the woiihipof Grpd, hit wile ItboraHtf 
in raitiAg tad andoviog ftruAmtt fub- 
Qiifieni to the caitfc ur Inarniogt ood 
his (iiiUDguiibad sxauioas io. framing 

tM cart hcTora iha horfa, it it pureiv be- 
cMe |ht fetition fell into our Handr 
Iplar tilt AtiJck and Dcfcoct Mt . 
Ck'ia tiHj^f'iice infoimi «t« inat '* ihc 
grouiidworb and ionic entira pafli«gc$ 
ol it art Drrrowcd from a produ6tiun uf 
AMrty AAt yttvt (hadiog, and frdiw ■. 
Ibtffte h(%^ffitik 10 tbe gahcralily, if 
gbk th^ #hi^e» of iris reidtit ; It ]t%i\. 
Id l)Qfu^'e?«iy jpu^)76fe of i pvblkati^a 
011 cb^ pAn df Ihdft for wbdrti it f» chii-By 
mtu dO d, tlie AHAbch of bis own lock i 
Bi miiy fwitufi to proooutiea it txadlly 
^ Biipir tt to original-, and,' hkd bt not 
lOcii ihW failsIM M tbithaads bo coo* 
idMtfbn iidMd bif€ pft vHkd on bin 

db COlHrtm it to inc pfCiSs ' rfO* 

ItwM li wi Bf% friAn jodg^ng of tho 
lllnka of tbfc te))y by tbe Ot'igfriialt wc 
^U^ ^sSy w^ttooMa On tntt diicoonif 
itiit ^b« )ftatHi«lt of tct MApofidca 
MigM at #t11 hiVi tHhahiti o fWct io 
dt aotivor*! own bmfl i tof) it fetoia •* 
lAnioillebt Ipecolatiob io ^i|dt oraiotyi 
ftd^in^lc to tho occftHoo, aad Mttly d*« 
pttfdemdoUiemhoarofdtlmfy. Tha 

Archt'idiop foilowa char whkb .Arvb- 
biihwp &ackcr (agg^fted, but ^ui mm 
live 1,0 complftr. Abp. N'«.pUn bp to 
riroqiiiMttii the admiAiflaffiqg uf bap*^ 
cifio |o U pf iforioad io publio aod foil 
congriigftioot I to iaflrua tibildm i« 
the cat.cbil^ a« aaplaiW by 0f. Maoo« 
ttiihopof C»f.k, pffkvioutio coafirma* 
cion and cormnaaiooi Co eihoft the 
fi^k and all who iurrouod the dyin^, 
and alio per^nt sJui racovcry^ or uir> 
del tci|ifM»4 lOiaiOPB. Th^Arahbi^ 
ihop pMifioda iQ armaga cbc dilcourit 
aod abricaftficobUcotliediffuKBi tankt 
aod OfN, and rccoiiMOr ndi o (^aertl 
osnofOory coodoav wall p«actd aboffi- 
tict» aim tbe ioflitotioo, pUKiAoiioft, and 
diftdioo of poroehiai Icbooia of tnlhvc. 
Abftfi aodgifcadinCUooifvtchepru- 



*^' • hd. 

■ ■ ; T Unit! 

* ]>nringhi»iiicuinbeDGy ai glebea w«it 
MQOWtd ler U.t doityof bU diocotot io 
wfaieli IM boiU ar now churabci^ nd a 
cba^ oaoi Armagh hoofe, aod fumiAwl 
40lLhtchiircbe»wiai<pina, cowera^ lee 
t/k ttw aKfoiea of laooL e^ci), and aac* 
fMc is ffribitoC ooe» Jeicm. aWii. i. JpaodMi ar^(#o 1. on bia cathedral ; ha gav« 
iM ib lift bft '.f finOoBt byi^rtfomc l^ooL to amft his iiKumbeiiCs to boild 
«0d todlk* #a «iMt Wiib bot two oo it ^^ ^ ^^^ P^^ ground ; 1m gave 

. pve 6ooo L IO buiid and fui aiib an obier- 

4g, Ati^ mi l M f^hMHf IB^fihOm tm hit, ^^ataat imr Ah-nagK befideaaikKcing aaoI. 

ImiySfth^ «ootaaoaftAaB^andloLawwiMfar 

T». JP. ifadfcfr /rlr J^ywf Irifc jihdkni, ^oolualiioBolhiiaittospaOew. 
oo^>MWlVt^'Arlbi«|l|dttoaM«af f Tbt aAmtiao te difcoMaBtDoiog 




Kiwiiw wf Mm fwHutittii^ 

3i»M condtttil of rtMoiM Maverfittkni. 
He toacMci «Hih tb wcnb of tit iip 
Xwncts ■liuiiiBMtiim piwrtMal fifita* 
ihMi it tbt ftf r>A SMSM al «atoMf t«* 
ft4tnM, Md oMlling U asMpcibk »M 

•#» tftfiMyriMi 

^prfteph F^MSlf^ 

LUX >. A4 


THE DaAor Ymxttf^ co«i^toC0l the 

Mesof difoomrin whkh he pMfiiM w 

dslmr o» the evidtncc of levetlnl ft* 

ligioaf coDclsded them ie lui sMnff to 

the aenpefufoii by way c^ prepafeikni 

far This diKOQife/to which ic is hcrt 

]»rcfi«ed. He pfieted the former dif- 

ceurles fcrpeiMcW, thai chofe who wifi 

ID ptrufe them may h«v« in of>ponuoitf 

•f dwog it, without hat iof any tlttng 

thet wimM be oifcefive obtruded on 

ibcm at the fame time. Eacepc whtt 

ht haft advanced cohcernioe l!^e doc-* 

nrioe of a ftulf chefc difcourlcs eonrain 

anihiog tbac eae give ofence lo any 

ChfifluBft* tef their pecuikur OpioioiM 

he what rhey will » and, if he has not 

Weo ontioforoNdv tvtn what he ad* 

taaced cooccrninf^ thit dodi ine did Hot 

Coee to be ibofftariire as he h^d aoprc* 
ndcd. iadcedthe ftimiiehcr of i r//«r» 
mfim fiiui>, «^ith ihe tralv confideratei 
aakc aay diiffercace of Ofriaknit which 
cao tm\y afifcS the dodriae of an mttr* 
m§dim€ /Mf of liuk eonfeqaence. 
Here then is a plain eonfcffion how 
caotiooIlT offitnfifo do^krinca are kept 
oot of light. The ptefcnt difcouife 
ttlk m planilf » that the Dr. *« was ex- 
cloded, oo hit arrieal in America, from 
almoft every pttl^t(ei€ept beiogdelired 
ID preach at Princeton }, at if he weta 
(afpcAcd of balding and being difpofcd 
to propatfite Ibme iran(^e and miiehte- 
eoua tloSiiae.'' ** H« qow, therefore, 
cwifidera hrtBTcif in the ticaetion of 8t. 
Paul befate the council of Areoptgui 
at Acfaam* as called upon to give an 
account of the Jtr^v^gi dodrine that he 
holds," p. f y. How he could trace fVich 
a compariiba between the great Apoftk 
xM the Gem lies in the feat of Paganifm 
impugning- its errori, and himlelf, a> 

and promoting religion ind vinue, 
M^ofe ID raife by fttbfcriptioii a fam fi»r 
nie porcbafe of 5000 of the brfeft Svo Bi- 
blasp to he ibid at a price prqportioried Co' 
tttecircarafUncesof theporchaier, not oat- 
wUhib ia «fty ioSaacf , ball Ae «rina 

a ptopit piof!aiBBg Chriftisnity, 
aouanioViTiaf lli ftodimeatal doArines, 
let o^tt recoMtte. Dr. P. msy think 
for hifliietf iricli the nioft uninterropted 
frtadoM. . Ve mvt excafe os from qutb* 
Miog vmi^ytlflt K^nal (enfc of Scrrpruit 
as Mieartd by Arift and his apofttei, 
orfirom hoMiag that noft pirniciaut of 
all dodrtoei, the final reftoation of 
•li aao «o ttfthmlted happinefs. Ho 
Ihe^ thvnOM off the malk, and in thefo 
p^P" ^*tiAls his peculiar opinions on 
the Tliaky, the faiitfaiiion, the eter* 
mA pnoiflHaffM of the wirkcd. md tha 
■eeeffite i«f the ChnfUaii ininif^rv ; the 
received dodriocs of wbich he regards 
with horf >ry »nd will cvei fct hi) face 
againft (chough Mr Pmn. being put 
JD prifoay a&d c (>air unwonhy of 
Chriftiaa fiimael's b^r txpiaming iway 
his meaning) ; inftori, 10 in.Ktr Chril- 
tianiiy r«f •#««/, and do .iw:iy whit is 
called /eifift. 

51. Tie ftaffi'^al Sffcmty ff tht Vidtawian 
ZMhfne etnfiJeridf in a Ser/'es ef Lettfri f 
thf Rrv. Andrcu Func, ncc.lfioned hy hit 
VuUicuihm intitultd *• The Caiv imOic and 
Socinian Sjfwnu txfUined niui ctfjuntd m* 
tothiir wmrtl Temkmejf," Ta ^Afbteh h 
aJdtd, tbtfumd Editiw i,ftm FJfay tn tSg 
Gtwiuis tf Ltve to CtiriA. Hy loOiua 

Dk. T's \i'}»:fk is, to prove, from 
tlie A£^sc>r ihc ApoAks. that the Apo<« 
ties preached thi: Uniraiian andSociniaa 
doQrincs t and iliai ihoie dodriaes aie 
as produiftivc of iubiime ticvotion and 
pra^lical religion as v»\\u it called the 
orthodox fcheme. It is to litilr puipofe 
to enter into con trover! v heifc; but we 
canoet t^elp obiei vin|s, that \Uc <.hje£l o£ 
the Apcflits' preaching to ciic Jew« wae 
to convince them tl:ac Jc(u), rhou|efaio a 
defpifed and liumbie' , was the true 
Mclfisji; and of that 10 ihe Heathens, 
that a pure revelation of his witi and 
providence was otfcnd to them by the 
Almighty through the fame perfoa. 
Thele points were fufficicntjy dilcuilcd 
by the firit prgacbers, who afterwards 
eulai^ed upon and luuAiaud them in 
thf ir writings j and we muft cou^pare 
their epiftlcL with their fcrmont in order 
more fuiiy to comprtbend the GoTpel 
fcheroc. While tiurcfore the Imok of 
A.^s, take 1 finKU, would have little ef* 
te6> in making us UmtJioans, the Spif* 
ties conneCieu witii ihe A6tt con6rm 
our ftiih 'n the great «i(^6\iincs of Chrif* 
tianity. Dr. T. preteis the name of 
UMUarimm to that o[ SoumtMUi and feemt 
^ think, p. 99i that all but. h^ ^^ra. 

\y .JJ. 

112 RiViiw of'KiW PuiUcattonsm [Feb. 

prey are preiudice4 by •docttioa in pnnin tb«ticli-pafte. Botthcfe thiogf 

tbit particular (cheiyifv * l^he illJijr flA we wmvc« at circumHancet of ioftriiov 

the grouod« of lov« to Chrift wm firft wMftf^neice compared w^th tbc (ubjed 

pfioced io the Tbcok>gifa]^§^j^tory, «• which hotseati. Mr. B. opens hi» 

aod coofitlcrs the reci(l^*w owe to campaign agaiaft the Ttojao war with 

oar Saviour, *' confidered at e'mcM obferYatioDs on the gr^unit of iu It 

nao, incapable, from hlmfelf, of aAiag |Cr. Bi tken igporant ,of the nan^rfrU 

at »ie dui while oo eanh, if tbc divine various caufes of wac. is tncieac nod 

fpirit had not cenftantly direcled and fMdem tiqici ? Horace will nil him 

aifi fled him." Atur all ibat ti hen ibaCiibi 4'aine canfc fiMrileaCed wart be* 

oifered, it will be but a' cool nnd-'laor fore that of Troy. We need not go in- 

guid performance compated wttfi the to' the pedigree <of Helen toltiiow that 

ctfutions of love and gratitude ariiing in Ibe eloped from h^r huiband. If hif* 

the breall:. of ChiiHiani, who cannoc torv is to be weighed by every ounce of 

i>uc view their Saviour in a fupcrior ^rw^s^Uitj^ we £all not give credit to 

li^ht. events within the year, moncb^or week. 

EtUbl (h, firft, the Trojan war on mo* 

ci:rhemoraITfndemyofihegtmiimChr\<^\wn «»«« nnre than pntk^hli, and Hooier 

Ihari^, a Difeonrfi, wriiien im Rrferemei it the hiflorian of it, whether in poetic 

to Mr. A. Full t\ Exmminatifi tfthe C il> or profaie charaAers oiattert not. It ia 

\\n\^icund?tiyc\nviaSyJiaiUfand(Uitveitd not the fcepticifm of the itth or aa 

At thi Bow Mii/inp'lxaje in hxeitr, July earlier century that can outweigh th« 

6, 1796, ie/ore tie Society rf Unitarian credibility of Tbucydtdes, or writers 

Chnftiaas tjiMfl^ed in the ireft of Eng- nearer the perwd in difpute. Mr. B»t 

land /ai fr^m^tUti C\\r\^\zti KHruthdgt arongeft argument againft the whole 

and the PradiccJ Vntut hy the Dipihu- jg^ ,,^ jj^ non-exiftence of Troy tt-i 

UwoJB^h. -Bjf John Kentiih. (y£, YVe liave ftaicd the reveries of 

Mr. K. as a partner in the cavfe of fyfr. Chevalier «m Uiitfnbiea, and hii 

tlnitariaoifm, unitct hit' elForct> with difference of opinion ftoa onr«ountry« 

tliofe of \^. Prieftley and Toutmin in niao Mr. Wood : but \v was referved 

ict fupport, .conunding that the ^ae^^^ for Mr. B. to deny the esiftence of thit 

humanUy of Chrift is «* a doarince ac- city, on the authority of Lucan, a poet 

coflding to Oodlinefs." If Qodlinefs in tbc firft century, 'and of DeoM*' 

be fynonymous with Fkiy^ which we uiut Scepfius, Alexander Ui'iixus^ 

conceiTe to be the import of Ecro-vCivfli. and Strabo, before him. Apply thit 

r/^ift/ n0/f««/i/w0i^/, cither as CO the reafoning to many other placet de* 

objcA or the conduft thereof we appre- icribed by antient hiflorians and geo* 

-hend St. Paul and Mr. Kentifli differ i^aphers, and let ut fen to Wliat it 

materially. The warm advocates for amounrt. Troy was taken iiS4yeart 

new opinions, and their zeal will always before Chrift. Homer wveie 900 yean 

be in proportion to the novelty of thofe before CbriA, or neat $00 years aftef 

-opinions, affcA K^i^t candor \ yet Mr. the cVent he celebrated. Alexander 

Robtpfon's plan of union of ALL died 313 years before Chrift, or abi^ve 

Chriftians in public worfliip, h(>wever 600 yean after the dcftnsAion of 

oppoiite their religious fcntiments, is Troy; and we wonder that of Troy 

too comprehcnhve for Mr. K. and it is ummperitri ru'itui* Strfebo dial A. C. 

to little purpofe to be always holding up a5 ; and it is made an obje£lion to the 

a few profeHions of thcfe opinioat as eaiftence of Troy, that he could not 

the brighter examples* find its lite, or is fuppofed to fix treei* 

and other remarkables, which could 

53. A Dijfertation eonetming the IKar %J not have furvivcd fuch a lapfie of eyct. 

Troy, ft".'/ the Exfeditiw •/ the Grecians, Strabo allows that Homer feigned nunjf 

at drfciih.A /^y Homer; fi^winc thar no things, but not all: and, as to *tbe 

fur/j ExpiMtion tuat ever un*ie>taieM, and name of Troy, though not (o frCCJUent 

no fuch Cify in Phr^gia ever exijied, By a« Iltum| it ftiU was known. To' what 

Jaoxcs Rryant. purpofe then thelc faftidious obfcc* 

iVl K. IS. (cc^ out with comhatiog an- tions?-»From the fubjeft of the poemi 

ti«iu picjudicrs ; and pcrliapsone of his the olijcAor proceeds to the poemiSs 

limngcd Argiinienis again'i them is the thcmfeives, and their author. fiot|i 

ditT.rence of paper and tvpe between the work and the wiiur he conjcfluKi 

thit and his otiier publications ; not to to be of Egyptian origin^ and of; alfa- 

mention that no publiflici's name ap* mily fcnled thence m Gneeccy aod 


I}97*] lUview of Ntw PmhUctninu. 143 

iniM^-^itCitf c o a ti gooot' to BffempVtiti ItUnd probabl/gaTe birth to tlie poett 

&ilw yrao^ M t^n m lb (Mbfe fn4 ?» ;i46*' ^P^ ft4^» Ut 6iicrks' be was ori^ 

nwpf ite R it fuffciot^ xiai paaMvof ta.IottMfainilji whicli ha^ 

jlhM 10 iff ihrapgb thcfii* .. A TroJM rcfided in Egypc In thcf* arflmioik^ 

mia h* BC7ft« ^ which Maflyipo caiM ptfck^cMefBrfM it paid- to the anonymotn 

m n aoailiiCy fimp Ethiopia'; varia* 1i^ of Homer afcribed to HcrodotuaT 

ttoMta.ibatpvnicttlatt of thtTrqjaa hiic dedarcdp p. 105, to be <«ajejuo«' 

«Mr, nil Birfap -of paifoM coiuerDed| pcrfbrmaacey not wrorthy of fo excclleisif 

in laidliaM o^ aiid efory differeni ao* m kiAorian." Much it derircd al^ 

jMUB^ \m atttient «^ikcra« or the fathen nom Egypt, Upon iht moll candid r^« 

of tbi dmrnlit Krfpa6Kng Homer, and view of thia diirritatton, we cannot but 

1^ diftMMC from the cftoc which Ka regret that io accompiiflKd and cri- 

nlaiff. lBnm6iMacfl am fooad fai tical a fcholar flioulo cattrtiin fo great 

the hiftoi7 which could not happen to a degree of Sctpt'ctfm concerning tho 

ft. lHlH»iy wrhian by natiTet of the (irft of poctt, who, we cannot doub% . 

niOBtry. **Bmy thing C9BcerBtDf -will find more than one conviocing ad- 

HofBtr it a paradox, who could poU ?ocate and apologifl. 
fibly conceive thtt • fnch excel m net 

ftooM be fo deeply obfcured } Wei%. 54. .^mcAiu tf tbi Lift ^ Lard Chatham. 
two poems tian/mittcd to us^ the no* , IK 1 new edition of thtt work ((ce 
bled compoiinb&a that were efcrfra^ voi.LXilL p. 719) we find the fof (ow- 
ned, and which have been the delight i«g letter from Lady Chtaham to th* 
and adffllratioD of all agct downwardt 1 Bditor ; which, for etcgaocc of thoughr, 
ytt wt kno'^ Mt for cenatn when nor purity of affc£hon, and beauty of es- 
vhcrc th^y' reMifed Jbeir birth; the preflioB» will probably ftand unrifiled 
tery name w the autlkr it coatrovert* maoy yeart i 

^\^'^^^.^?^^^^^\^>^ • *•««•» Burton Pynfant, Dee. 15,1791. 

aonr 6f hating' hial a native, but no «» 1 hare received the obligio{ prcfcm «r 

•ae'coald afi«rd'« fatlifaaory cUim. the hookt which yon lent to me, the fubjea 

flow vary ^htfnl every thing wat in of which dl fo ioterefting to my feetiagt. 

lefpeA' to hit ' jiireB-a antieotly, and I cannot delay deftrins yon to accept of my 

b&lf b*plaec, wi be fltte in Suidat" (p. iincere thanks &>r thit mark of yoin- atten« 

^oa). It Anvid be tpnfldercd, that, tkim The iemimenct ejcpceifed hyyancif 

iMifrithlUadfn^ ^tt 'Apparent partial <he ahilitiei aod. virtues of my bte de^ 

dUcoffdaacy, lAff H a geacral agi«iM i^f "•*j!>l«'^»'*a«« «« "™f *«' 

maac. boch at to the author and hit ^^*U ^^ ^ charafter and cnodna paitt« 

USoiyi aa« the cbite which fo many 'l^j^^^^^S:^^'^!^^^^"^ ^""^ 

SSThUn putl. fo him only aroy^ 22S?rftiS?Efi !1!2T' ^^ '^ 

42l3w V^ ^gSS^^v. A« ^^n!!&^^^j^ ijfeif. hit to.u«;n 

2!L?!2* ?• • faft that £^ay^ ,^ fkiendf, have fuflfered by to 

mm 'VWO hm • «•««»» »t or ^aalh. I remain, fir, your oblisedaod 

M ciattlicriben greatly err ; for, tf oicdl humble ferrant, 
BaflMC li*M nine cenvuriH before HasTtaCnATVAM.'* 

tMkf Kc wit xse yeart 'bcfort tha 

hMalTdafeiaAlt th» fiory ra tha life t^iuJActmnt 4 the T^-amt, yitUgn, ^ 
' i fciitod ^ HMdotot, that he travelled ^ Umdittf wiihiH Twt/vt Miln y tbmi Ca^ 

■rid aad Spahlf yet, p. 114, hb fittJ: IntnffnfidwithBhgrsfiicaf rintc, 

^^acto afiim, that, ** ia the Ml- . dmu. By the Hev. Daniel Lyfoiis, A» Sfm 

^ V\i(tni %it may trtjpe the lift F.^.5. CbapUim f tb$ Right //••. tht Emi 

^Va^ipter of H'Mirer /' that ht jf Orfoxd. ru^mr IK iMuuiu^of Heitf* 

t ta Mmea, «wl «icrt got knoir!^ tOtx^mmi Kent. 

iitedfVMftiaiidthefiegeof Tro¥; VVE congratulate both the Author 

^St^MfMmh^fn^\l^\t^^9 formed hb and the Pubitck rn the compeii. nof 

mu lil'iWi'il'Jlhimi on thit informtw this ufeful and .vovk y tho 

a\ ' fctf t ww S itory icpftlm hefbrit dt* firll x9-urt»c of wi^ich wf fuU) epno* 

irflibrtWIidatididoiinfeoueBdt rtittd id Vol. LXV. p..4^,>acr, 

Il» dMI IMlfllV"iOffffltiiiir t TliJT IT- whilft we CQonim the cofpfiwnMaUwat 

«BW^diWan|i^ in thb ilHtedf'* p. then btHoiMan, niscat the wilh ^tya 

■I f I iw M it ftfl fc tty ramn frtin Bmr, then capreflcd, that Mr..Lvibna had 

«M vMid- !• UkU% I aod thit thia ikxtendedf or thai'hc wouU ftUlcaiM^^ 




JUwwjif N/w_ MliutuHit 


WlUthf to ft€ wIM MS H^Mty I|9'1M0 

•ppcaM 10 iT9f, haM Boc bM ifgfi- 
larly w f w t Kd , hut thmy havt htea ■«« 
ticcd in f«l. LXV. pp. 455.- 467 9^ 
fat. io4s - Tbey -wmuiM m wgnflmM 
jam, Msnm^^^mn, Wtitmi Onmh 

&|(#/</, fnff^i f«#M (iMlvdM 
Btmmir/mftk), St, Gmgi h fkt Mif^ 
O/rtikfird Mi£mm, C^ititJb^Pit0'i$m -m 

Hmrrow cm tbt HftHimXm^m^ Fimi^f)^ 
Hi^fSt HendMt H0ft9m (tn eluding 

iff^Jp ifle^wnh, ijhagim, Xf^jSjUi^B 
ICmgfburt, Umtt»H^^ Mmrpimtif #far- 
UsJJ, l/irwoid, P^ddiMgitm^ Pmmerm* 

p0rvm or Whtikwrik^ Siipmgf^ Sn^^N 
ford r Bowt TMiwgtWf i Ww t i— » 
TwUktMbam, 7'wjf§rd, asd Wilfif% 
with a i^cncrtl Aascincat •£ «hc fopi^ 
Cion in «ich of lAie p#ffM»M» 

la che foMrU voIbmci* Iflr. L> pfo- 
cetds witb tht ptf tflws of Qt i j ^ y BS«r» 

TotitriJkt, U^akhmm VHfi — tf «rlf«rp 
CbtguttU, Cbmgf^rd^ Etf/I f#M, iUfrib 

Wmt^Hl, Wifl H*m, W09ii^td, S$(km* 
kmm, Bf9mttyt Ctsriin, Ckyttturi^ 
Dtpifnd Si. Jftcb^lM, DM6rd &• 
Fmtifi, Mlibmm, F§oif Crm, Gmfmmitkt 
H^es, U$t UwiJboMh fimti/Um^f E^ 
W^Msm, i^e/l H^iriktmf and M ^ §§imMi% 
with the prcliBDt date of popi&litkmf at 
in the former toIuoici j Md« ** A goM* 
ral View of the fpmer and preCuiC 
State of MvKoi GacdcnSf aad of the 
Quantity of Land now occupied for 
that pur^ofe, within Twekc Mikfi 
of London." 

The laft-ncntioaad aftialt it pareco* 
larly cttiions and imercfktM;; at are die 
biftotiet of Barking, Enncid, HUiig«^ 
ton, StoITt Nawinpoa» and Thcobaidt ; 
and fo indceSl are oiany other pant of 
the work s which we fhatl xnWb a future 
opportunity of more pacticularly point* 
log out. 

54. if Stria tf ?H9UHl1Uh0H tU* Lf^ 

> ioKkH «* EmvifMi 4 tondoD.*^ I9lr«tva 

mid agt"*^ h J- ^' ^^^'^^^if Mi4? 
tflefex-ftroety Someri Tows. 

WiTHgreat fatitfafiUoa we inaoiipce 

Ah pleafing produdion dF modclt me- 

««• Two Mumbaia only ot Mr« M»l* 

co1in*t #5i1t hare u y«t Append t ^^} 
wa ddvbc IMC tHat he will nave eocoii- 
ragcBB e nt to jpmkfi^ and that, he idS 
inoron at liagoca ofl. 

lid. L cotttaioi AdflHiral Barton^ 
HMfe at HaiDpfttad ; die Read Moat 
Fiafd at Utagioai w4 the J>ttke oiF 
lforibil*s AMii*hQttCM at Qreenwith. 

tlo^ II. die Tomb of Sir Haat Sloans 
at CbeUca, whh a Vkw of Hattarfea i« 
the 9aek Qraund j Ctdtbcrwdl Church j 
tile Charity School it OrecAwich 1 and 
fiime cariouiefiibleinatlcatpc Vices from 
varioat Toaibi ia the Ceanittery tf the 
Jews at Whtttdiapel. 

'ii «id fiTtghm FitkUcatimt, 

IN vol. LXVI. p. co>f die firft vo* 
lume of thefe ufcful little craAt waa 
meatioaed in the maaa^t it deff rvad i 
and wt are |;Ud to fee a fedbod. of 
a^ud or fupcnor oierit. The good cf- 
U6t* «f fuch judicioua «b4 wcIUiif 
icvM poblicatioat OB di^ fifog gene^ 
radoo ai^ too obvioit x$t pftfi repeat, 
lag. Afaio. aa«i ^a» cheMfore^ wp 
coatncBd boib tba plao tf i^ work 
aad the maoocr ia wWcb it tt^omxr 
edi and caoll aosdialiy iHIb tt all iipTr 
{Uc fucetft. T\» tralb are foid fiaglvr « 
aad moft of titeoi i^lhtap atabaltr 
paMy or a paaay »-picce» 

dMclwie Dpdlsy^ 4:rc. Tit St€*>id Edh- 
tim 7k ^mtkh U ^ddtd^ A Smffitmud. 
^Dodlegr, Simw 

BNTIRBLT agnttof widi our in^ 
Mslo^t cainrafppBdeiit» Mr. Wpolftoi^ 
(voL LXVI. p. d7.) ia Jiit ftiiftuica 
on the paaleAt lUu of PlaUnody in oi«r 
Chuccbts \ aad.cQAviacedof theudUty 
of jvloptioig eycry nnedipd •dut aEUiy be^ 
taodi0 bong the coa^rifjuuiut fcrvaatl/ 
aB4 cbaacfiuly to uoiu UKhit/ttbliai^ 
A*' pkafiag part of bomtte to AlinigK^ 
CMi we canaot but i^ppuud an atumpt 
JO obviate ibqic of iu jioft naaurial 
IntpeifrAioai. The (elcAioa ixsCore 
lit (whicb* we lyidecftandf bai been rer 
eaii»4 iafofeveral cburcbet in tbe neighs 
bonAopd^ Dudley) is introduced bf 
Jpoe cibfervatioQt on i}^4id>}eft by «kf 
kte AishbiiboP'$a(ik«t,<«bif 1^ we i^ofc 
Ca jydiaioiM and appofee|».dia C« iMa<i 
that adibottt £Gropia;W;e>^aMi9lipa dm $ 

*• A»iagiqg (fi^ !■ > l a i wah t e M «» 
praflilW teaigly every db«a tin swlMbribo 
^pipd^jctp be tparaNllevi^ ^^ga^ s 4r 
there Defer wai» perhaps aoMoa naciODy 
0TiiiMdorbicbanut| tbatdataot aoako 


1797-'] Rnnew •f New PkhUcwii§Ht. 14^ 

Ml a pMrt f4 «fat Hrnioar ptU by them to i^recepts of a ratwnil, and mnd, 'and litne- 

Um' Oixt wtimi Hmy adair«il.^^The firft ficent tife her«^ as the means of obuininc 

CiMkuRS mild* finpni: ft cbnft.ini put of • etemnl fclicitj hereifrer. Can there be a 

llMMr worfliipi a*l tU -^kf* Cwgreguthn ■ ISnppter chinfe, a fwce'er ^tnd more plea* 

Jtk^imki fi"S vi«iv ? and fopp^fe the harmony madt 

'< AAerwardi indeed th« fitogen by pro- hf them were c^rr fo It le better than 

Mkfl, who had beeii prudeotly appointed "IhtMiiinK unto GoJ with the voice of 

l»lMd itoJ dinA tbem^ by degneel nfurped triilmph/' af the Scripture expt elT'^s it, and 

Ibe . whole' pei formance. But at the- '* ma<in; a jayfiil noife tmco the rock of 

ReAwiMtioa the people were reftoM to their Salvation" (Pfnlm xlvii. t. xcv. i.) : 

ttmr ttghtt ; and k made a much quictc<fr yet what i^orthy honvine, and pious heart 

pr«|re^ for the pleafnce and ci>mforc which w ihere, fli.<t would n<u *>e charmed with 

tbey Cewnd in this pn^ice: a circitmftjnce^ t>ir (*y.\n>i, ai<d zeatoufly join in it ? \^e are 

Chat OHgHt m endear it to confidprate per- dif.H/ed thus on other otciiions. Amiinsft 

fijos not a littlei And aa the only way of out anceflors, wtio juilgvd u£ propriety af 

liiising)kiiowninobmnnonp:ir>>ctuaUhuT- diCcrcr^'y as Okirfe'v.'s (to f.iy no more)» 

dbij u by the incKre pfalnrti ; otiletj^ we tlie vf-ry higheft joined Immhly nad cheer- 

jciin in th.iCy weentirely omit this br:Ln(h of f j'.Iy the lowcft of their Fellow Ciirif* 

•urd.itT^ lian* In »hc duty of pfalmody, however 

** It IS tnie that the tumt, to which thefe ai ileilly pei formed. And ( entreat you to 

pfalms are fnng, aie mult of them phm leDe^ «vhac it is, either to \1ifdatn, or be 

and flow ; and the void's of many in ttie aihamcd, or to be too indolent, ^l li^: up 

alTembly untiami'Miiouft, and apt to be i?l- our bvHlic& and voice) to the honour of onr 

nsaa4tcd«^RuiuiacS, d^nedforthe muU MviKrr, ^vben %s^ come into his houfe 

tkiide to join ill, wito have never be in re« pi'ufellcdl/ co worihip him, and he hath 

goiaiiy inftiufted, Qiould be pUin-an ftuw, r:»m 11^4 ded that onepaitof his worOiip 

and fadi at tl|qy bave be^ a accultomcd to : (h.dl v<e this 

for which parpofe the numher (Iiould be' " Bat, if we will n^^r em-^loy our lips irt 

modevlie. boifars many of them fee )m • the fervice, we may (till fix our minds upon 

meuitadi and as it~#erc cM/evra/fi, by toM|; it : at le.ii\, we ihoiil<i h nJer otliers 

oiaf^. ConfefliKi for the Proteihint c;iufe from doing either And p «rricu'.irly we 

fionapoied ttiem. Manyre for it have Ihoiild ab'.Uin from giving the btd exam- 

TidSeil op their dying bre.ith in them, pie, and the offwiice, uf i!:de':ea:lv liold- 

Therelore *dl who are' or can be qail fied mg converfaciun at tlut time : f.>r which' 

(and there are frm who ca-mot,) TnouUl I'leie cmnx furcly bs fo preiFing an occa- 

bear a inch pan in them as they are able, fion, but that it may very fafely be def^nrred 

It may he don-, withoM iii tlie ieait difor- till after chu'cH, if loc aUtigJiher omiUed. 
daring the more Ikflful fmgerF, who per- '■' In the unking uf pf^m^, dirjfer«nt per- 

forni Che very ufefui oftice <»f raiGiig and fons ufe did^rent p«>ltiires. The profe 

fttpportiag tba tuoe. This in maity con- pf dms, ( believe, are and ever liave beert 

gregataooi >< dooe by like organ, ilie chart- repeated by aU perfotv, every where, ftand* 

ly-childrtn, or boch. But then ttie organ ins. lu the verfe pfalms, we all (land aC 

flionld exppefs Che tunes clearly and dif- the Ouxology. And in what goesbeibre^ 

ciaAlfy aod make very hnuderate intervals tlie reafon fur doing it if exad y the fame, 

between the linet ; the children ihoold he and a very ftronf one : tliat the whtde it 

taOKfai to fing in ^xa^I tim^ and concert fung to the glory of God, and often direA* 

Willi ic I ami Uiewl Kile ei>ugregaiion(hould ly addiefled 16 G.kI. Accordingly, we 

accompany them fervently » yet with pro- read tn the Old Teft.iment, chat not only 

dbice. Taking this cure, though Clierc U^e Levitet were " t.i /aW every morning 

ftould mM h«pp«<^ ^^ ^ ^^^^^ ^i^^^ die- tor hank jnd praifethe Lord, and like wife 

coidfy they wouid he en'irely loft in the at even"* ;*' bur that when " tttey waited 

general chorus : the cffeA ut which would wicti inlU^meius of mufick to praife the 

be noble and elevattu^ if we to«>lc rightly Lord, dli Ifrael /9U f ; and again, that 

into our tlMiuglUs lb*- vi hole uf the m ittcr, they laid to the pooph*, «< /iunJup itnd blefi 

ioftead of caviling' at niaiute i>articulais. the l^rd your G -d J.** vVe hkewife read, 

*<Conridei the naiui^ «>f a wild muUttudei tliat in a vifion of St. John, in tUe book of 

in iu orixinal favage ilat<^, met together at ReveiaiitiO, ** a gi eat multitude, whicii no 

tho.caSleV fom« vehemrm ungoverned paf- niaa cou.d namber,y^i before the chione, 

fton ; bew abrraiiig the roncourfe, huw and cried wth a loud v.ncr, Salvaiitxi to 

frighrfal and IMnrid the confufed and hi- our God" J: ;t:ul 111 an >thery tiut '< they 

dMMK criet of it mu.t he. rhenconfider wholud p^wtien the vi(iWy •wrr ilie l)ea(l 

t^te fa«M OMltitOtie, foftened and cult.vated J^^ nl I mg the fong of Mofcs and of the 

by die gentle ifidiBitoc<& uf Religion, :md Lamb" j). St.indiyg iherefire, as it it 

un£ii<Di^iuflT.a&mbliog at llated feafbn^, -^- , 

to fing ionb the prai(c& of tl»e wife and g«iod * i Chron. xxiii. 30. f 1 Chnxi. vii. 6* 
f a'Cnk uC- ally and ecno to cuch otUci the X ^''''* 'X* 5* \ K^** vii. 9^ icx 

8 ^^*^tJB^ 

pJaioly tlie ffufi pofttnx io itfcjf, it th« to- fjcMow •crcmoTts, ^d Hand ^ *tht opts 

tboriz^d one ^10 : and* wer«it mor^ on- (cpulclireiof (li:prtMifri«cul«;*'an<i«<id»» 

common t^an it is, woald ^ for from a 'Ut miglit w^ol^opi 'l^c Cbtkhm imfyvflfion 

diibonour^le fioKiiWity. jbit ftUl, as whi^'^lt i» inf fllaR4o^jeA toifi«k«, were 

very many in moft oongivgatioos, eiihcr 1 to d vert your attention from the iAC^itft* 

have fay long habit been prijuiiliced in ft- ing ^ip^dcraci^i^ now befot* us. by any 

Your of fittiof^, or, thonj^h they difppprov* ^ar tcitl^r detail T<^6bt\t the chainAer 

the cuflom, feel a difficuU/ of i|uitpiig it* ci our departed fiAftr. And, if UiMs in 

unlets every •nt did : they ibovld not .^ keaveo have aqy ^powleds^ of wfc^t it 

cenfurdii for a prJISHre hy which thoy mean ■ t;rai'k(a^iAC ^^ <«xweartl}y it woiiM griov^ 

nothing amifs : bjut kindly encouraged Cu -r-if with pr«>f^iel9r tbe eyj»r«fiM»rt c 'H he 

ao alteration io this pointy whbCh we may admitted— 4t wotiKl gl.ieve nor Welled fpt- 

thus hope will gradvudiy become geoeial*." rit^ to behold your ooocera wic)idnwA» 

We copy a fptciincn of the fiUArian % •^'^ ^•r » ftnjll« rartflrtefii, from the care of 

forCHlCDRBNOFTHaSuMDAVSCHOOLl. JO;* ,^WB ^1^ lO g«e, Wttjl whatev^" ad- 

mtr^tHifi, on one whole hite is now for ev«r 

Hymn aXI. fixed. Jiut it a|H>ears woli fuiUd |o «ny 

HAIL, facred Seafon! Day of reft ! prcftni piirpofe juft (o oMervei that ihc 

. When he who fills th* eternal throne died, as I have ftood reafon (o believo (he 

Finiih'd this fpacious world, and bloft lircd, a rW CkrtJUnm." 

The glorious work his baud h4d done. Thit pious Difcourfe is infcribed, 

Maili joyful Sabbath of the Lt^rJLI with much prop, itr v, *« to Mr-. George 

When firft the Or^Aai»-;w)r were led Berkeley, felit> t)t Dr. Bcikricv, frc- 

To hear Jehovah's facred word, bmdary of Caoterhury," Mrs'. Prto. 

And, with delight, his conrtl to tread : flj^j^'s furvivsng aud only fiftcr. 
Bleft Morning, hail! whtn Death's dark 

Refigned the F/r/fFrK/Viofthcduft, [gate 60. M Enqu/ry mto the D/vtM MJ/hfs tf 

Who b .dc his faithful foHowcrs wait John th'; B»i>till, and Jeius Chi ift ; > 

The Refujrcaifm of the Juft : jar as tUy can bt f raved from the Circum^ 

We hail thee with our inf'iU tongue, , Jtunees of tbtir Sirtbtt and tUir Conrnxi^n 

To praifs that Gixl w^io give OS b r:b,'— •»*"''^ each other, 7e lubicb art prefixed^ 

To rail'c one glad harnrionious fong, w^**' fi'Ji pfihliJUHt ^rgumcMU in Priof of 

joip'd with the tea'talChuicU uneatth. '^ ^httbenticity tf the Narrativn ^ the 

Thus oiay we join, in realms of light, ^''^^' f J°*'" «*/ Jefus, contained in tU 

with the triumphant Chmch above, ^""PJ^ Chapter of the Gujpdi *f St. Mat- 

Where biefeM unuumbet;M hpils unite ^^^"^ ^ f • ^"»^«- ^ \^ 'H^^..?*!!'' 

To praife thO Lord of Life and Love I ^: ^' ^'f^»dary of St, Pc:er s, W eft- 

|9. j4 Funeral Sermon, preached at the Inter- THE celebrity of this " Enquiry** it 
menio/Mrs. f nnibam, at Shoitefbrook, soo far fpr«ad rp need any encoiniuin on 
im the County of HeikSi on Jamury 17, its rc« publication $ whicli is now prio* 
1797. Sy the Rev. CbAilcsyNhitc, Curate cipally ineniioned on account of the 
I^Chertfey, Surmy. eaodour and i^bititv with which the 
AKT£R a full account of this ex- ." Argumentt" prcnzcd 10 it ar« intro- 
cellcut perfon, which the'clefftnt pen daced to the notice of the reader, 
of a lady who was lopg her intimate '* When the Enquiiy was Aril fubmit ted 
friend enabled us to give in our lafi, p. to the pubhck, it was not introduced by any 
8a, it would be fupcrfluous to fay more arguments, intended to prove that thofe 
of this di(courfe, thin thit it is highly paffages, from the contents of which it is 
ercditablc to the Preacher and to dtdoccd, arc genuine parts of the two Gof- 
Mrs. Frinfliam j on whom no fulfcoie P«^ *° w*^»«^ ^^y ^^^ C*~°«^ '^^'^^^ V^^' 
adulation h bcftowed. From i ThclT. li'SCS being not only of great length, but 
iv. 14. Mr. White takes occafion to re- ^'^^'^^•[^ "^ ^^^'i *?°^"^' extremely re- 
mind his>carers of the neceffity of p.v- T' ?h f .ft • 7"^k^ a" ^^"^™'"^^ 
r . rj • ^.*^l' from the nm ages of Chiiftianiiy, as cer- 
mg a fenous confideration to " that ^i„, a„themic ; notwithftanding it wii 
cvtr.aning and unchangeable fituaiion unifcr|a]ly known to the Church at large, 
of inexprtmbje happmefs, or of un- ^^o tranfmitttid them, that iheir contents 
fpeakable mifery, which awaits every were regarded as impoflTibc, and therefore 
foul in the eternal woHd bejond the dilbelieved, by fome of the earliert Chnf- 
grave ;'* a coiifidcration which particu- tian fcdU ; their auihenttcity was confidered 
Jady arreOs our s^tention when we as neceffarily included in thai of their re- 
** furround the breTithlefs remains of out fp^^'ve Gofpels ; and, therefore, as not 

^~'"~~r-- — - ftanding in need of any feparate proof. 

• Archhitoop Seeker, Serro. XI Wl 6ih- JJuj as there arc pcnons who entertain a 



Rroitw »f New PtAHtatttn$ 


^WfoafbOf thiff ef^ thtlb palTsgss, fo 
t^dmnkaMe ill tlieiafclvefy anU fo peculiar- 
If cirOimffjiooMl. are in -reality nothing 
tettff than fpiiriqos intorpolalions ; and 
the very ohj«iSb of i^ie fLnqahf into tlie 
Divine Miffimit of J«fiif,'aiid.ihe Bjptift, 
• to iliewy thjt tlie parcituUri recorded in 
ihefe paffiges^ contid^d Ivy themfelv«s 
alone, fupplf us with ' one complete and 

Whole delicate fopport our woes havo 
chtter*d» [ferr'd. 

And t|u(>urn a Umible grace o'er boons coa* 
lo grateful bofoiTis their dtferc (b.iU iive^ 
WliiIH Memory holils her dear prerogative* 
And, tlu'Ugb a fad mocation we deplore^ 
We bkr> the day we came to Albion's fboro^ 
Where with fuch large niunihuence com- 

In Jependtor proof lof- the Divine C'laraAer Thy matcblelis charms, Philanlhropf divine. 
•f Jelii^ and'the tniUi of the Cnridian m 

Xtrclacioo ; it cannot bot be of iervice- te LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. 

thli caufe of ChriftiAnity in general ; at lo the concluHon of the Hiftorj 6f 

well as o^firm the propriety, and promote Cumbtrlaiuit which is in great for- 

chedeftred effea, of this Boqrfiry to p^r- warJnefs, and will much exceed all 

ticolar J to pre6x Ui it a direa and fpecial jhe former parti, both in the quantity 

proof, Hiat ttltyfo- Nuraiive;, ou the con- of letter- prcfs and plates, erciit atuif 

tontj bf wbtcH it is. founded, muft cer- jj^o, we heir, htt been pud to the* 

fcnnlf have been atiihenticpaits of the two j,,.„,^i yj^^^ „j ^^^ Account of 

GofpeLs in which they have been tranO* 
mitted to us. 

The clorenefs of reafoning and 
ilrtngth of argument evinced by the 
learned Author of this valuable work, 
we ventyie to f^y, are uoanrwcrablc. 

6 r. Epitre i mom Ture* 
THIS elegant Frcoc.i poem, addrefTcd 
to a father on his recovery from^ fh« 
fmaU-poi, was originally wiicten by 
the ebevaircr T. I. D* Ordre« an S »i- 
grant of diflmiruiflfed merit, withodt 

Caihfte. This woik has brougln for- 
ward fome ing^ions chara^ers, who 
otherwife would probably never htw 
been noticed; particu'arly Mr. Joha 
Hanfmao, author of the Agricultural 
Survey in thfs Hiftory, who has (ince 
been engaged in a limilar undertaking 
by che Bo4ird of Agriculture. 

Grammatiftes wiOies to fee a traofcripC 
of what is called ** the Dtvift hand wii- 
tii»g," in very few, if muTe than one copy 
the'flighuft view to pub'ication ; buc, of that very fcarce book, <' Aiixbrofiufr's 
n traollation of it having been kindly Ciuldee Grammar/* 
made by his friend the Rev. Wccdtn WcreferScauTATOMooiir voL LXVF, 
Butfer, M. A. a few copies of it have .P 73^> fwan anfwer to his cuquiry ; aj»4 
been publilbed at the requea of feveral ^^"^^ ^^ ^° "> fr«*" ^'' ^^^^^J^> ihat 
oiImt in'imate friends, whofe names '^^® appeared, m ihc reign of Caiiet 

are pretund as fubfcribers. The Che- 
valier, >«c are told, retidcs at Cheliei, 
witb hi» honoured father the Baron, in 
a neat cottage near the river Thames 5-*- 
fiih SiwftwM ad undmrn. > • 
Tlie concluding lines are tliefe : 

Ou trpttve peu d*amisquaiid on eft mal- 

heureux. [reux, 

If DOS en avons troord pourtant de gen6- 

Dont L'int^r^t toucham fur. ces rives loin- 

Sufpendoit noeenfMitt, adoodiToic nos peines 
f)on \'A dehcatttfle ajuucois aox bienfaits ; 
Ah I de uls fouvenm ne s* eiCicent jamai<'. 

Le f:nt, qoot^ioccruct, fiit jlbar nous moins the iufcriptiun* 

II. aa Almanack ondec the uAinae of <* Poor 
kobio, aweU-wiHier tu tlie Matftematics;" 
iu which the author hit the tafte of tha 
common people, who were much delighted 
with a Wit of their owu levei. 

& £. requeftj information of any kind 
relating to Humphrey Dyfon, an induf- 
trious 'CoUeftor of proclamations in tho 
reigns of £haal^*th and Tames L Cables 
of which he appears to liave publilhed* 
He wasalfo a colle^^tor of curious bodies. 

^ P. will b<»- mtich obliged lo any coire- 
flMjndent who will inform liim,. whetbtr 
tliere i& a monument lo the meiuory ot the 
poet Wycherley \ and, if tiiere is, to give 

i<6vcre [gleceire : 

En dirigeaut nous pas vers l'heoreiif« Au- 
Dc l*tM>tp;lallie nous y ];i'U{oiis tes fjnitit. 
O41 a*eit point «fn exii oCl Ton a tant d'amis. 
FcA- a^e tlic friends :if ttie imfonun.irc : 
But wz have rast with (generous and great; 
XViiolc lympathics coitfpiio our ^angs to 

fuothe, [fmootti ; 

AaJ alA Uope'a ruffled pluma^a gently 

B01 A^ioPuxLus informs us, that a 
tr.iniLuion of the jig'ojibgraphiu in the 
** AoniHiitatcs Acadcm cae'* may loon b« 
expend from a geiiileiiian of CambridgC| 
with additions, pbtcs, and aiinotaiiortF. 

D. p. Hearndek will be acceptable. 

DuNyiNUTON Castle, West Bkom* 
wicaCHURCH, andCAHoiycTON Caoss^ 
in our next ; wi'h aniwcrs from L. and 
l^HILoiiaLoS to A rial Cbrijliu/if &c. &c. 


148 SeltB fftfjt 4niiiwi pml M^dim^ for ]^«bniaiy, 1797*' 


Br Mfr. BiLOt. 
The King and the 'fvf Sbefherds, 

A CERTAIN King one diy deptor'd 
thefiit« [ilates 

wnich waywartl p!iic'd hiih in his>>fi^ 
^ is there on earth/' fald hfl| with nnotftcn'd 

Such grief a« mine, fo great a wretch as I ? 
Peac^ do I lov heyotid nil charms of life, . 
Thiiiigh oft compe'l'd to icciies of blood 
»od ft life. [blcft, 

I wiih, heavea knows, I u i(h my People 
And yet they groan by heavieft loads op- 
preft; [tnith, 

Whilft nowght to me fo fair fo d«*,ir as 
By lies infidious they in>ftei*d my you(h : 
Thus made ray fubjedti' wretched lot to 
fee, [me. 

Heaven feems to friend its vengeance all on 
Cojunfel I (eek, but all nyi efforts vain. 
Though . Aill continued, but increafe my 
pain." [brow, 

Tuft at this hour, beneath a mountaio's 
The prince beheld fome wand'ring (heep 
below : [plaitis 

Me^re they were to fee, while do(e-(hoin 
Small prbituce prorois'd to ihe owner's 
pains. [care, 

Here ftraggliog lambs withotit a mother's 
Yonder tl\e iocklefs ewes defened bare^ 
All were dtfpers'd, confta'd, the rams 
jforlorn, [were torn. 

With fIrengtH impaired among the briers 
He who prefided o'er the r^tbble rout. 
The fooh(h ihepherd, hurried wild abottt| 
Now to the wood a wand'ring h^t to find$ 
Now for a lamb he ftopp'd which lagg*4 

Now ont, a favoarite beyond the reft, 
He ftnopingilown with lilly fbndnefs prtft. 
Bat now a wolf the beft among them 

Fled to the foreft, and was feen no more : 
He left hir lamb, which foon a bird cf prey 
Seix'd with hie rav'ooos gripe, and bore 

The wretched (hepherd yielded to de(fiair, 
He beat bis bresl^, and tore his flreamtng 

Then, fkX\!w% down in nil the rage of griefi 
He caird oo death his laft, his fole relief s 
MHow w^l," exclaim'd the priucc^^ is 
here expreft [l>reaft 1 

WhK paffes now within my wretched 
Life, I bfhold, to untaught fliepUerds 

All the keen argiiiftj, all the woes of kings; 
Why then ihould I unnaanly thus repine? 
The fi^ht of otbfrs woes might leiftn 
Raifmg his eyes, the prince beheld again 
A nnme> oos ftitck. upon a fmihng plain ; 
Wdlfed, well dcec'tl, they (lowly giaz'd 
aloDg, [throng ; 

Rms, proud iiod ^rce| in. order kd the 

lumbsy 6nr and vig^jusi fnik'd amidft the 
green, [dngs were fefO* 

Where the fat e^res with well-ftorM 
Ttiit (bqiherd c^relris at h'l eafe was tand, 
^ow carol'd verfes to fome fav'rite maid ; 
Now made his flute in fofter notes repeet 
Sounds which pleas'd Echo in her fecret 
feat^ [fo fair 

« Ah !*' raid the king amazM, « this flock 
Soon fhall the wolves and fooa the vultmes 
tear I [rove. 

They, as in fearch of prey they famifh'd 
But little heed the fwain who fings of love \ 
He, when the choiceft-of his flock they 
gain, . vain. 

Shall fing aid play, and lift his flute in 
How ihould I laugh 1" Ihat moment sa he 
fpoke, [broke : 

forth from the wood a wolf enormous 
As foon a dog, with ftrocg and vig'roos 
bound, [ground. 

Flew on the thief and fix'd him to the 
Stonn'd at the no'rfe, two (beep h^ fcam- 
per*d wide, [fi»le ; 

A dog (oon brought them to his mafter's 
Thus in a RW*ment ordrr was reftor'd, • 
Whilft unUiOurb'd remained the ruftic 
I.ord : [rtclio'd. 

He faw the w^^clo, but ftill, at eife 
Breath'd his* rude mufVc to the paHihg 
wind. [addrc^s'd. 

At this the prince tn hafte the fwaiii' 
Whilft rage and woader fllTd his anxious 
breaft : -> ^ain^ ' 

How canft thou thus at carelefs ea)e re- 
Whdit wolvM and birds of prey moleft the 
plain i [throng, 

Around thy flocks fo fat. and -nir they 
And e'en this moment howl the woods 
among; [given» 

Whilft thou, to whom alone their care ie 
Indulge in fnng and pUy Irom mohi to 
even ? [mrbd, • 

■^ Monarch 1" the fwain replied, in carelefs 
** My only fecret's this— my dogs are 
good." -^ 

On ker Runic P^m. 

SWKT Mvst fifBysmf chycxcurflve 
mind, [lin'd. 

By judgement trmper'd, and by tafte re- 
Might w^l have fouru'd the Runic paih to 

tread • - 

Where HieUt * oppo^'d impenetrable bad ; 
Hot like Che Sage, who, in aufpiciotts hour. 
Of trahfmuution fonrvd the woodVous 

Thy happy genius, lominous and bold. 
With magic foe hath turr/d his lead t9 
Lt»fkn. Day to Sa»iw£l'l- 

^ Dr. Hickes's literal piofe tranflatioii, in . 
bis The/aurui SeptTntriwnti*^ ef Herva, aa 
ancieai Norfe Poem. 



itkM ,fmltrj^ JMhm nd Mhiem^ ftr Febroaryy 1797. 149 

4RA8SO1 'Wri/Mw «f Jtmtf nSo. 

WHAT I c|;p to Diglit snJ Ult ui^ ) 
And egg$ Utt nighc btforc 1 
Mnft vv^ night bt ^ft-nigbt ? - 

Pil have thefe ejrgs no more.—* 
OflbrtidMlandialbd, . 

Vmfott^ I'ft had enoufh I 

Ton'fa HOit® deAroy'd my paUtt 

Wkh fiich inJa ineagiv ftufil 

For bnee le^ me befeech ye. 

To have focne foiid (Uib \ 
To &» no more «2My 

Or any pickled fiih^ . 
Kot eiMn Bricilb hmitt^^ 

Hj former dear delight. 
Is ao^ roote endeaimg. 

Or .rdiikung at night. 

Your Batca/a and /Mffiry 

Are iick'niig to the thought ; 
And fo, for love or money, 

Let foroethinjs elfe he bought. 
Bhng me beeflteaks and oiflers^ 

With gravy in the me;it ; ' 
. And lend thefe things to cloUlexSy 

For Capachins to cat. 

Your Chorch with all its fading 
Has imught to do iviih me^ ' 

A-<Uff rent loould I'm clft in^ 

' Fcom all tojnniftibos free. 
' Fbj.dodo('s dirpenfation, 
Qt ^ the prieA's conleot^ 

^flLpoK the kaft' oecafiony 

WlB***thMiKb tt fhould bo Lent. 

flm «MS ftor GRASSO grmMitg 

tfh h^ftfh'd^ !* .Ifl^t no man 
Shoold (when 1^ i« at Rome) 

Live hot as does a Roman ;" 
Af$i tltti tMK GRASS(y» dam. . 

QUESTO rorno pur' Vjgilia t 
SemiSte Udua mi pottate ! 
Btuii mipiaLe 'Ae frittate ' 

Nonne vogiki-.mangiar' pio.— - 
Oglio fe< ido e lerbry . 
Certd lian un vik paflo, 
Che nt 11', (I omaco, gi4 guafto 
Kon'pbflb mai fai:' feoodec' gio. 

Una vplta veneprego, 
Fivottrmi qaalcLe cofay 
NutiUiva* futtanai'^ia— 
—Del pefi:e martnJ*io, mai,— « 
Aadi^nt^mi d^nn' piv.gulltt- 
ht ^ifgi* di &Dtannta, 
(Cofa Che mi mena Ijnaiiiay 
Colacbfe mi de d£ go^.) 

Dvnqoe O mio car* 6^0010 
Compri per Pamor 4di 4)o, 
l^iialchtf cot' a mo^ mio, 


<^fti fon. pet oapucciiii. 
Ma per me, la came graffa, 
Senza' giuata, fensa oOa^ 
Pien* di fogo^portiqua* 

n v^ro culto fignor mi» 
FSff* mi troppo rigorofo^^-^ 
Hon loo io fcnipoloio 
AUevato in Libert^ \ 
Von mi ferve la licengm 
Del dottor' d del curato 
(Con akro ienno allattato 
Detto come I'bo di gia.^ 

Teeeafi e^ Sigmr O/h 
lifwer^ GRj^SSOfm lamenu, 

-^ ttd Tifpofe bO/e ^.— . 
Sempre ftata e Paianza 
QiiAfido in Roma ilafin' i itrani 
Di far e viver da Romani, 

Lo Aeffu dunqoe fate voi.-^ 

J. Lamemi del Signore GrafTo dedicati 
al medefiimo dal Amico foo ORTENSIOi 

From the IrALiAiri 

HOW w4) it meet ihy cool refloAioo^ 
Too food (perh-ps deluded) maid, 
T'havc pUc'd on Tbytfit thy atftdioos. 
And yet of Thyrfis be afraid i 

What better means can I difcovar 

To make my tender paflion known, 
Convince this unbelieving lover 
- I p'apt, I figh, for him alone ? 

When he appe^^rs, how sre my bhiflies 
W ith cold alc/tma* e paiencfs' feen ! 

Full in my cheeks, the blood now roftiei^ 
Then to the heart retires again. 

And y9\ th' ingr^te woiild fain hnagine 
That all wirhin's fcrene and free % 

While in my bread a fever's raging ; 
What more'cm he expert of me ? 

By his injurious doobts and fLiuiiIcs 
1 fifid my b(»(f>ro quite oppiefM ; 

I rave— the light fori^kes mylnipiJ*, 
I die— O let me fink to reft. 

If I am tortur'd tbu« for eyer. 
What end can I expeA rq grief^ 

Since ins ungenerous behaviour 
Is ooe eteraal unbel ef ! 


tahuia fiUfr 

Votiva pmUs indicat uX'Ua 

Skfpmdigk fbienti ' 

Vephnenta murn I)i9. Hoiu - 

AT length I've reacb'd that placid ftun. 
Which time witli khieiit hand -be* 
To mnfe witlr-eaImnH«f urn my-fRe, 
And ttiif^^ yiew my fvrxucr woei. 

tj;o SiUaPigttj^ Jtmimi 4md Mnbrtit fir fthnnty^ I797« 

oft' o'er thofd Jbli^iii ictiMty toag pt^ftf 
When Love the magic piftore drew. 

When whifper'd Hope, the flmk woi^ 
And no dark flude A)ijpiciQa tbrew i * 

When the gay proCpeA pronis'd fiiir, 
And mutual paffion Hwm'd impi«ft( 

Till Che bleak ftorm of chill Defpait 
Darkened the fimiiine of m? bmft. 

Back on fach (cenes* a pe«ctfiil glaut 
Without emotion I can thromr : 

So mid-day Sol| his beams aflcanc^. 
Darts on his morning's ooof fit bsiow. 

Tbo' bitter Difappointroent gave 
Thb heart its keeneft pangs to fed| 

Yet time has learnt t)ie woood to Uve 
WithTea(6n's hslmj and bid it heal. 

Still undiftorb'd too 1 can trace^ 

When eager kope impell'd my mind. 

To fiart in wiUl arobittoa*s race» 
And leave competitors behind. 

When number'd in the graduate herd, 
Oxonia's favours giv'n to (hare. 

The hand of prelacy conferr'd ^ 
The deacon's office to my care« 

When wrapp'din deep at early dawn, 
True then (they (ay) the vifions rifitf 

Fancy beftow'd the fleeves of lawn. 
And mitres danc'd before my eyes. 

Such hopes kng gone, content, mild ronidy 
Within my breaft afTomes her reign,*^ 

Partakes the humble curate's (ludt, 
And pays him for his former pain. - 

Of he^ch pofitfs'd, the jocund hbm 
Oft calls him from his (lumbers light, , 

In htinting blithe to wafte the morn. 
Where joy and excrcife naitc. 

Oft too the literary page 

Beguiles the lagging wtnt'ry boor, 
Where tales of antient worth engage 

The mind with energetic pow'r. 

Thus can Content the moral (hew 
"Which well adorns the Poet's fong, 

'^ Man wants but little here below, 
Ifor wants that little pittance long." 



A TAlB. 

LIKE fome fweet flow'r in foldisr's 
The mom it blufhes guy; 
But ere the evening fun is fet^ 
It withers in decay* 

Such was young Dooald, hapleCs youths! 

The village pride was he ; 
Prom cv*f y (wain he bore the palm, 

Tta wnfik4ciatlwleak 

Frome^^fwsiAheliDretHdtMtfe . 

Of village-maid that (igh'd ; 
And ev*ry virgin's heart waS fortl^ - 

Till lovely Delia try'd. 

Ke fcafcely yet fiad manhood g[tiin^ , 

Tho' ev'ry look was nan. 
ef ev'ry (abbath youth that drsi6*d. 

He (miling led the van. 

Fair Delia's hearfwas all in love^ 

A muf ual flanie began } 
An«l fnon their rootual love was bkis'^ 

For, marriage made them one. 

How fweet the jtnf^ of /och a ftate 1 
, Swift flew the hours away ( 
And twelve ihort montlis On downy wingi^ 
Flew pad their wedding-day. 

As many more fcem'd gliding oti. 
But F.Jtc launched forth a dart ; 

Am!, fniiliikg as U ^ng along. 
It lodg'd in Donald's heart. 

The ftrong dife:ife within his breaft 
Clang mofid the fprings of life ; 

There, harpy-like, ir kept its holdy 
In fpighi of Biorul Itrife. 

A hacking cough, dread harbinger. 

He pai^tinK drew his breath ; 
A ruby h«6iic ihook liis frame, , 

And held him down to death. 

|n vain agaihft the dire difeafe 

Were lovely Delia's flsacs \ 
Nor could the hope which iirnird in him 

Difpel her (brting tears. 

Each day (he fiw grim Death approach. 

And bend him to tKe t6mb ; 
Each day new hope (VnilM fre(h on him. 

And hid the coming doom. * 

No child had ftie to comfoyt her. 

When Donald he is gone;. 
Pale Sorrow fat her ct\eeks upon. 

Her foul as dull as ftboe. 

At length the fatal day is come. 
For, nought could Donald f^ve; 

He's gone! he's gonel he's dfAd and 
gone I 
And lies in yonder grave t \ 

Where (he alone, all drown'd in tean^ 
, I'ours ont her burfting grief; 
She frantic calls opon her love^ 
And afksof heav'n relief. 

Now time Iiath dry'd her teais away^ 

And filent forrow's hang, 
And fieed upon her widow'd cheek, 

With cvcr-giuwing fang. 

She wanders oft among the tombs. 

The Ufelefs form, that (bone, 
So briglit upon- yon vilt^- greeny 

Wliere Donald dAncUupoa. 

Slie Bmr luci «» feeii Co Mk^ 
Kor qrixfs withthe crowd s 

Her ^& iMpo c«ri|eft. and f orieriit 
All^aOblttlhroiid. * 

Alolw to imflbs throP th« wotT J, 

UAhMdod by ttw throng | 
K^*CT iMtoff with tfie jovial roof, 

Sot lies tW graT«9 amoog. 

What BMflpI rnotn her on the wif, . 

AtalloQ fiily hem* 
Be tms aliite and foekrUie glade. 

To give bU ibimw veoc 

S^e ever ihans rlie gidtly group, 
Wliere mortals drow n their care ; 

But when the meets him all alone, 
She draws the melting tear. 

Far from the noife of fmoke and towns, 
She ilnrjre tn Gothic gloom i 

Whne towers nod tmary to tbe night. 
Or near the filent tomb. 

the fon to her ne'er Ihines in blifs. 
She haun;s the Ailly dream f 

Or where (he moon fliews pallid Ught, 
She wanders in her beam. 

Thos Sorrow's born, and livee on earth 
To fill man's foul with woe | 

Till meUncholf brings relief. 
Or death does llrike his biow^ 

HsU, thon pleafi^g McUncho)/* 

Our only joy on earth ; 
Child of Sorrow borh and bred, 

Twas Sorrow gave thee birth. 

E. S. J. 

By E. 8. J. ^uthw of mttiam and Ellem 
pHILL was U»c evfc, ahd night dreir jjo more his ghoft wraptin the winds^ 

la^mor black ^ ij^ ftiMa* 
His fword hxHijj^ M hU frae.} 

. He lean'd an afl^ f pear upop^ 
In anguiih as he ftghM. 

HifeplumctxiponhtK helmet dant^d^ 

His arm a buckler borr; 
Pale was his face, and clad in deith^ 

His air wet ftiff- with gore. 

** Sweet lovely maid, be not afrafe!, 
I am great TofcarS ghoft ; 

Who fell long fmce, in PaMine^ 
Among the Chriftian hoft. 

No hallow*ddirgewa9«T«rfttnf 
• Upon my ijlent tombs:.: . 
And I miift haunt the howling Ibrm, 
Sad tenant of the gloDfB. 

High on yon bluiVring hill of l>]aft%' 
Siood mighty Tofcar's tow'r ; 

And many a hoftile band procI;vm'd 
Their mighly chieftain's ponj'r." 

Whene'er his bugles blew the roar^ 
Which eclio'a thro' the land ; 

Like oceau's wave his meu did flock^ 
Beneath his high command. 

Then, fair defcendTarit of his blood, 

Benold the antient.chie''; 
And bring his bones from Paleftine, 

And give his ghoft relief. 

Till then, on Scotia's heathy hUIs, 

Upon the fmging (\orm ; 
He muft ride on the howling ftorniy 

A dreary ghoft-like fom. 

She pilgrim'd far to Paleftine, 
And taught the chieftain's grave; 

And brought his bones to Caledoo, 
There bury'd Tofcar brave. 

V^ 00, 

Loud Mew the gufts of wind ; 
They dreary fang the heath along, 

And left a calm behind. 

Fdur Lena wander'd thro' the wild. 

In (bf WW Ih0 did' fiog ; 
Her lovely hair ftream'd to tbe wind. 

As Uack as Raven's wing. 

Her cheeks were like the full-blown rofe. 

Her eyes as Venus' bright ; 
Her breafts were like the virgin fnow, 

Tliat trembles to the light. 

She fat her down upon a ftone^ 

And (adiyi (he did figh, 
Upon the bleak and harren heath, 

Where mortal none was i^igh. 

A howling bUft ^me o'er the wafte^ 

And blew her bonnet oif ; 
It fang alon^ upon the ftorm. 

And daoc'd the air aloof. 

Bat ftill ibe foUow'd with her eye;, 

A lc»w'Ting cloud it paft ; 
Ppoo whofe ragged hanging ikirC5| 

Thfi^t Aood a grimlike gUuft» 

Or Ihrieks in dead of night ; 
To All the foul of traveller. 
With horrible affright. 

"Mr. Urban, 

IN looking over fomc old papers, I 
found the following henutifnl poetical 
proiludton of ilie prefcnt Qean ef W'arer- 
ford, when Fellow of New College j it 
juftly obtained the 1 ite Chancellor's prize, 
at Oxford, foraie y«.ir fmce j it is a Ci»py 
from the original, wiiich, 1 helicve, never 
appeared in print but in an tnter; ol.ited 
ftate, and 1 think it l.igMy deicrving («^- 
pecially at this awcfni ciifi<) a pi. ice in 
your mucii-efteemed ri'id faT-dilTcrrinated 
Mifcellany. Samvel AnNoLr. 

Oif THE LovB OF oua Country. 
YE fonls illuftrious, wh«>, in d lys of /o- -, 
With pceiief : migt^t the Brtilh tar^cL bf)»e, 
Who, clad in wolf-lkin, from the fcy thed 

Frown'd on ;he irou brow of mailed War^ 


Ij|l Stli^ P^trf^ Jralint ana M^dtrn^ far February, I797. 

AncI iltr*d ^our riidcly«pa.iotecI limbs op« 

To ChaTybeaA ileel, and Roman fnes 1 
And ye of later age, ttio' not lefs fame 
In tilt and ccrurnament, the princely game 
Of Arthur's harocif, wont by hsrdieh fporc 
To claim the faireft ^aeidon of tlie Court ; 
Eay, holy (hades, did e'er your ^en'roiis 

blood [floods 

R(^ throogU your nobler fons in quicker 
Th2Ui late * when George bade gird on 

ev'ry thigh 
Tbeniyrtie-bralded fword cf Liberty ? 
Say, when the higti-born druid's mi(^*c 

Amin ^ [nain, 

Itons'd on old Mona's top n fom^le 
To niadneis aiid witti more than mortal 


Bade them like Furies in tl« fight etigage ; 
Frantic w lien each unbound h r briil'l.rg 

hair, [wiKl dcfpair ; 

And Ihook a flaming ton h, atid yellM in 
Or when on Crclfy's neid the faMe might 
Of Edwanidar'd foormonarclutothefight( 
Say, boly (hade«, did patriotic heat, 
In your b]g hearts with quicker tranfports 

beat, . [they pour*d, 

Tfvan in your fons, when foriii like llonms 
In Freedom's caufc the fuvy of the fword ? 
\Vlio nil'd the main, or gallant armies led, 
%V;lIi Hawke u)o cr.nquei-'d, or with 

Wo'.fe who bled? 
Pi)or is his triumph, ami difgracM his nsmr, 
Wlio draws the fworJ for en»pire, w«:dih, 

or fame: [\vind, 

For him though woalth be blown on ev'ry 
Though fame annovincc him mi^hiieit of 

mankind, [lus bUuin, 

Though twice ten nations croucJi beneath 
Virtue dtfowns him, and his glories fade ; 
For him no prayers arc pour'd, no paeans 

fuog, [tongue ; 

Ko Minings cliaunted from a nation's 
Blood marks thf paib to his uiv.imely bier ; 
Thecurfe of oiphaiu*, and the wiJow'stear, 
Cry to bigh Heav'n for vengeance on his 

' head ; 

Alive, defer ted ; and accurd when dead. 
Indignaiil of his dc-jJ?, i».c Miifc, who fings 
"Undaimtcd tiiith, and fcorns to Hattei kings, 
5'.:aU flicw tl»e moullcr in hishuteoiis form, 
j^Md mnrk him as rinfaithqaakc,oraftorm. 
Not fothc patriot chief, who dai 'd withftand 
Tb« bafe invader of his native land ; 
AVha m»de her weal his nob!e{>,only end, 
■Rul'd but to fcive her, fought bur to dtfend; 
.Hi r vo.f e in iiouncil, and in w tr her fword, 
L'>v'd a^l-o i.iihtr, and htrCotl ador'd ; 
Who firm.'yVirir.o^**, and fcv«rely brave, 
Snf»k with tije frecil'orn thjit heco^>ld not fayc. 
On wo«lhlilJLeih:siiK Mule deliglitstu wait, 
Kevcie$ ^d'ke iii trium^'h and dtfeat, 
Crov^ ns with true glory and v^iili fpotleis 

faiu*, [name. 

Ao'^ I'o'ftonrs Pa;»rr« mrre ihin ^rcdeiick's 

"^ * TlteltTTmej; wcm- wiitun looo afc«f 
t.\ kiitallktion at Windfor* 

Here let tT^ Murf^ withdraw tlM blood* 

Aain'd vt;U, 
And (be w the bolileCt fon of fMiMic zeal. 
Lo, Sidney le-mingo'ertheblQikl hiimtei), 
H>s voice, his h)ii^dt;unAiiikcii^dotr,fercne^ 
Yet no harangue, proudly dtdaini'd aloud, 
To gain the pLtodit of a wayward crowd ; 
No rpecioos vannt Deaih's terrors Co defy. 
Still Death defsiiing as afiaid Co die : 
Rut fteroly f]ler>r dijwn he bows C6 prove 
Hoxvfirm his\ irCiioos^chooKhraiftakeuiove. 
Unconqusi'd patriot I fivm'dbyMcientUHa . 
The ibve of antie.t freodom to reflore. 
Who nobly a^rd what he boldly thought, . 
And feal'd by (1«:.thihe Itrfitm-that lie caught. 
Dear \% the tie il\ac linkt tiio ar^xious fire 
Tolhe fond b. S • ihai prattles round his firej . 
Dear is the iov-e that prun*p'.s the gcn'rout . 

youth . [foothc ; 

His ftreV fomi cares nnd drooping age to 
Dear i« the Votbcr, fi(Ver, hulband, w.fe ; 
Dear alt I'r ch.uitits of focial life : 
Nor waots firm friendftiip holy wreaiUs to 

In mutual fympithy the f.iithCul mind ^ ,.^ 
Botiifit he Endearing (I. ing^ihjtfondlymovo ,. 
To filial iiu'.y, or parental love, 
Noralltiie ties that kindred bofoms bind, 
Nor all in friendfbip'eholy wi eathtenlwin'd, 
Are half fo dear, fo poUnt to controitl 
The g^n'rcu* workings of the patriot foul. 
As is that \\o\y voice that cai^csU all 
Thofe ties/tlkit bids him for liis country f<«ll| 
At I h'S iiif;;ii fuiTrnions, with undaunted ts:al, 
Ht! hires hi&breatt,iiiviiesih'impendingfteel, 
Snu]e<i at the hand that deals the f^cal blow. 
Nor henvcNOt'ciigh for all lie leaves below. 
Nor yet dcth Glory, thou^i ker part be buid» 
Her afpeA radunc,. and her treses gold, ■ 
Guide through the walks of Death adooeher 

Attendant only on the dint of War: 
She ne*er difdaius the gentle vale of Peace, 
Or olive fli:ide« of phdofophic e^fe, 
Where be iv'o-i aught mind» to woo the 

• Mofe reforty 
Create in ctdoui s, or with founds tranf port ; 
Mure pleas'd on Ifis' fileiit marge to roam,' 
Than bear m pump the fpoils of Mtudep 

home. , 

To read y^iih Newton's ken the (tarry iky, 
And GmI tJie fame in all his oib<.de6t7 ; 
To leavl forth Merit from her humble Ihidtf \ 
LxLend to rifmg Arts a patron's aid ; 
Build ihe nice ftruclure a£ihe gvu'rous Law, 
Tliat bohls tile free-born mmd in willing 

awe; £plaiu 

To fwell the iiil of Trade; the barren 
To bid wiih fruitage bluiL, and wave With 

gniia; [figh^ 

O'er pale Muh)rtune drop, with aux>uu$ 
Pity's mi!d*balni, and wi{>e A fBt AioiVs ^ye } 
Thefe, thefe arc deedk Britatuiia mu(l <)p- 

provc, [love : 

Mud nurfe ihcir growth with ail a p.iicni's 
Tl •«fe are the ileeifs that Public Vi: tuo QWns, 
Am), juft to Pubbc Virtue*, Glory crowns, ^ 


:- • • ■'. t Hi r 

^^naiuieiiieE p^ importance vrom tbi London oa±ettes« 

i«4iiJil to w i th ft m d 
(Mb» iHtti whicti we hare been 
Mf M tliiiriigiied Governor 
mJt^CbiJMir^'hMhf glre hit this feuli. 
ittm(mmi:^'M ^iwmitft CTt , imd place 
OMmm «Ddir tie praredimi of his Bri- 
MMle IHI4».ft VfCMTihe ttmdvHmg nco- 
ttoMMi w«* tHe liner of the Right Hoo. 

\% that »> upon 
•oilMeir^ilMC'ipe iiatf keep oar private 
p ^Bfi i mtf p '^weA be allotted* a teafooabie . 
MfifNaoi^Jlttt tlietohabitaots be ^nxi* 
CMd^-ili kl« ftidwv pdOieflion of their pri- 
^nee pino|Mtia»uind- that the fenior aiid 
jtMiorTereMiu of fhe civil eftabliOiinents, 
the dergy» the miliCaiy, and marine^ re- 
ceive their vfiul pay. It is upon the above 
camlstiont that wo dull to-morrow nnom* 
tng give ever all the guards of the fort to 
the trbopi, of hi^ Bnlannic Majefty, after 
receiving the ntification of this inftrament 
hf hie fitdMency the Cioiniodore. Done 
at Acnboyn*, m the calUe of Vidtoriaj on 
the above datie. 

A..CoeirABif B. Smtssart, fcc« 
Af»pro«ed of and acceded t\>> 

' ' • P.RAiinta. 

W. C; LinAoN) Secretary. 

ilMf Ptter tUdmitiry £fj. Commodore, cmt- 

quvte. The Governor, however, and 
any otiier fervants of \\it Compa|\]^ fl^ai 
be permitted to retire from the feryice, 
either to Batavia or, uhene.ver 
a convenient opportunity (ball ofifer. Up6a 
thefe conditioris, we, the unUert^ned, 
confeqt to deliver up. fort Kaltau, the 
fettlement''of Banda, and all its depen- 
dences, to the troops of his Britannic Kf a- 
je(ly to-morrow morning, upon receiving 
a copy of this capitulation, ratified and 
ilgned by his Excellency the Briti(h Com- 
mander. The l^eys of ail the public pro- 
perty, and all accounts properly authen- 
ticated, (hafl be immediately delivere4 
over Co the Britilh, and tbe Government 
entirely vefted in them. 

Fort Kaffan, Banda, Neira, March % 
1796. F. Van Boiekroltz. 

Nw. 1^. Several difpatches have been 
received from Rob. Craufoid; £iq. one (4. 
which, dated Nov. 11, ftates that Geq. Da- 
vidovitcti had beateo the corps that was 
oppofed to him, and t4ken 1000 phfooers. 
His advanced guard took pofleffion of 
Trentei which place, as well as the ftrotig 
fxifttion behind it,, were abaodc»oed by the 
enfrmy without refinance. 

A lettnr of Nov. 13. details the move- 
ments of tlie Archduke's army from 

O^. 21 to Nov. 7} which confid of ft- 
the Sm mmd Lmttd Forres ef his . veral comparatively unimportant events. 

Mtmidc Mmjefy im4beft'Seas, andF, Vmn 

f n- doniidenMiea of otir great want of 
fii W iftotii, em^ tite y eat force with which 
thapriitHh have appeared before this fet- 
tleindtty vrtd'to refiA which would bring 
d^fftroAkm and defolatien 'on the harmlefs 
intMibitaitttif thivflace ; we therefore think 
k prodent^ f^ t]he lake ef htuDanity, and 
fj^ocn, wni ^bnlldenee in the honour and 
gentfoSAit of t'lie Englifh, to accept of the 
t^otas otibred to ot, and t > deliver into 
..Uaah'tfaihh^thisfMt and fetitement, with 
- :an i||^(de0<ndenoe9'; upon thefe conditions i 
'Tw^bvate. property iM kept fecure to 
eveiy'ifidVvidttal of thi» fettlement, whe- 
' tbef ut<Dr pot of the Company's fervice ; 
^01 Ihe fervants of the C.impany, civil 
/at^l' inllftary, -he kept in their refpedtive 
. ftifin^f iSfnT-as-mny \tt thought necelfary 
Afrthtf -*iminiftraiion 6f juftlpe, and the 
chdl gdvemittcfot/nf the plaoe, the Gover- 
ns alone particularly excepted]; ^ the go- 
' Wkpneent nwft of toorfe be veilei> in the 
Biig(lifli{ that the miltiry continue to re- 
€iin% their pay, and are not to be forced 
into theBritifii fervice contrary to their 
Siibd the civil (ervants alfoto be 
on tBeir prefeiit pay ; and fitch 
made for the provifion of the 
as hw Excellency the ComnNRi- 
dertSl'iliellniifh forces may •Ui'rk ade« 
Cvtirr. Mao. Fehfit.^yf J 797. 

Another letter of Nov. 14. . dates -that 
the ofFenfive operations in Italy had com- 
menced fuccefsfuliy ; and uefcribes feveral 
frnall anions up to Nov. 6. 

jidmiralty^officey Dec, 17. By a letter 
from Lieut. Webb, commanding tbe 
Marechal de Cobourg cutter, it appean, 
that, on the night of' the lath iaft. oft 
Dungeoefs, he fell-in witli, and, after a 
chace of two hours, caprured, a French 
lugfail privateer of a guns, and 18 nieuy 
named the Efpoir, which had \th Bou- 
logue the day before,, but [ud not takea 
any thing. 

DuwruHgr-firetty Dec 20. Difparcbes 
recetvcid from R<^. Crauf(u*d, Efq. by ttiJe 
Right Hon.LorU Grenvillc. 

Head'guarrersf Offift^rgl, Nov. 23. 

My Lord, I ha^e die honour to in- 
foiTn y6ur Loidfhip, that, in the nig||l)t 
from th6 2 til to the 2 2d, tiw trenches 
were opened' he f<.)re K<;hl, oh the right 
bank of tbe Rinzag. The flrft^par.-Ulel 
of this-aitabk, wi;;.h its comaiim:cati</ii| 
proceeding from the right f nd left flank of 
the right wing of the line of contrava^Ia- 
titm, xwere Co far completed during t^ 
night, that before day-bieaik the men 
were totemhly covered. The enetpy did 
not attempt vtt interrupt tbe workiuor had 

1'54 Inttrefting Intilligince/rvm tbg London Gazettes. [Feb, 

h« yet itni a fimglc fluit fipMi the trenches ; 
but early yei^erday mmning (che 221!) he 
made a fuaden attack upon the lire of cOn- 
trava!lati6r, and» after an adioa than 
which nothiiiR could pbliihljr be more, was driven back into his works 
with very great loft. The enemy havings 
iu the coiirfe of the night from the aift 
to flic lid, Virmight «ycr a lirge*hody of 
troops Yrom Str:t(bui5h| foimed his co- 
lumn oT ailnck cl<»fe behind tlie chnin of 
his advanced po^s, witli fo much filence 
tlot they were not percHveil. Juft hefore 
t^e break oif day (which however was 
renderrd extremely ohfcure by a veiy 
thick mii^, that laAed the greater part of 
the forenoon) thefe columns hegnn to ad- 
vance. The inftaat the Audrian vi^lettes 
and centries give their fire, whidi was 
the only notice of the appro;4ching attack, 
the enemy's inCaniry rufhed on with the 
utmoft impetuofity, without firing a (hot, 
and in an inftant thry were maflers of 
rwo redoubts on the left of the firft line.. 
The vilbge of Sundheim was attacked in 
the (ame manner, and with equA fnccefs; 
after which, cnm*ng in the rear of the 
curuin which coiineiflK the village with 
the firfl redoubt to its kft, the enemy 
immediatefy carried the work, one face 
of which was not quite fini(bed. Upon 
.this, large boUies of their infantry rulhed 
through tiie openings in the curtains on the 
left front of this wiiig 1 and, whiUl part 
advanced againfl the fecond linCf the others 
endeavoured to make dierofelves maders 
bf the i-emaining redoubts of the firft ; 
but thefe, though perfectly left to them- 
felves for a confuierable time, entirely 
furrounded, cut otf from every nOiilance, 
ah 1 attacked with fury b) the enemy, who 
fre {uently got into the ditclies, and at- 
tempted to climb the par;' pet, were de- 
fended in a manner that iefle£\s the 
liigheft honour on tlie oflicers and tionps 
that were in them- — The lofs in all iliefe 
tedottbtswas confideraHle, and in t)re the 
artillery -men were ob'igtd to fire^ the 
guns, but all the attacks were lepulfed. 
The enemy's right column, atter occupy- 
ing the two works which they hiid car- 
ried, puihed on between the lakes to 
attack the left of the fccond line; but 
Prince Frederick of Orange (whofe gal- 
lant and judicious condu^ cannot iuf- 
ficiently be praifed) having rallied his 
brigade, placed a part of his infantry be- 
hind the dyke, which coniie£i& the thnl 
redoubt fiom the left of the HvA line 
with the worK which is on the left of 
the fecoivl ; and in this fltnation he i-e- 
f;(led the moft fevcre attack that can be 
imagined n|K)n his front : vwhilc ihote 
b>'>d cs of the enemy's infantry, which 
tiad pierced between the redoubt of thd 
firfl hiYe, were actually in his reir, he 
o*i ufity maintained his poft^. but 

ciMhpletely cbeck«>d the teneifiys prbsereb 
on this flank. A great part of the iroops 
of the Ir-ft wing liad been working in th« 
trenohes on the right of tlie Kinzig. Ge- 
neral La Tour, who commands the army 
of tlM fiege, formed three of theft bat- 
talionsy which happened to be jitd retnrn- 
ing from work, aiid retook the village of 
Sundheim, which he maintained, thoogh 
the eoemy made great efforts to di^ndc^c 
him. Livut. Gen. Staader, who com- 
mands tlie left wing, drove hack the fcno- 
my, who had advano^d againft the right 
of the fecoml line of it, and ratook Uio 
redoubt on tiie lefc of Sundheim ) and tlie 
Prince of 0> ange, advancing betwe^-n the 
two dykes, defviited the column with which 
he had been fo feverely engaged* and 
recovered the redoubts it had carriej. 
The enemy tliea retired into his en- 
trenched camp. The lofs of the Auf- 
trians amonotod to 45 officers, and about 
t200 men, kille>U wounded, and mitling» 
which, confidering that not more than 
half the left wing was engaged, is cer- 
tainly confiderable { hut that of the French* 
moft have been much greater. The 
ground round the works was in fomo 
parts covered with tl»eir deid bodies, and 
I am very much witiiin hounds in ftating 
their lofs at 2000 men. During the time 
the French were in poflenfion of the re- 
doubts on the left, they f^>und means to 
carry off Ave pieces of cannon. The others 
were all re-t;tken. It is impolTihkt to 
attempt to do jullice to the conduct of 
the Archduke ; he animated the troops 
in retaking Sundheim, direAed the at- 
tacks on the work been loft t# 
the left of it, and, undttr tlie heavieft fire, 
gave hi!i orders with the greateft cooln«<S| 
and tl e nioft perfeA military knowle^lge. 
Litrut. Proby, of his Majcfty's 9th regi- 
ment of Foot, (attached to Lieut -Col. 
Craufurd's million) was wounded by a 
nuiflcet-ftict ; but I feel great fatisfa^on 
in being ;ible to add that the wound U of 
a very flight nature, and will have no other 
confequence wlutever than that of a very 
ibort confinement. Rob. Ckaupi^kp. 
hitOii ^uaftcrtf Offifiiwgb, Nut}. 1 ^. 
My L.r,rd, U is with much fa:isfjc- 
tion that 1 liave the t>onnur to intorm 
yonr Ix>rd(hip, that, after an interval of 
ten days without any advices froi)i Italy, 
his Royal Highnets tlie Archduke has 
.this day received a report fitnn Gen. Ai- 
viiizv, the tenor of which is fuch as to 
coiilirm the hope which his former dif- 
patches infpired. This rcpoit, which is 
very fliort, is date<l Calabro, Nov. i 7, and 
ia in fubftaoce as follows : *< After the ac- 
.lion of th^ 6th, near Balfano, the enemy 
cohtinoed to retrvat, abandoned even the 
Arong pofition of ^K)ntabello witho\!t re- 
fiilance«aod croifed the Adige at Verona.'* 
Or the nth Cea. Alviozay arrived ne.\r 

1 797- J Interefiing I/UtUigMcc fnm tbi London Gazette*, 1 55 

VitUno¥»; and ths {atom evening a oonfi- 
deraMe pan of tha ecemx't armyy com* 
nvuiJad by Bnanapaite io perCba, advanced 
foDUi Verona, and took poft in Uie neigh- 
bonring moantains. Early on the lath 
Bdooaparts conaroenoed a general atiack 
UfMNi tlM whuta line, wlikh, ti&ough nubile 
vfich in6nke violfsnce, was reiifted with 
tlia moft perfeA ll«H4linrfii and brAvei-v. 

pavidowich foot off this report (the even* 
ins o^ ^^ rec'wid a/f^ir) ha uai enqaiai^ 
Mfiih his righi towarda the Like of Gardat 
near Col% and his left on Che Adige | 
I^Bfchie^rah9iQg in fropc of his riglitwirfi 
and Vei'^u ia (1901 uf hv Idft. 

Rob. Ca.AUFva.Q, 
[The fame Gaaet'e coatiins diipacches/ 
from Gtn. Gordon Futbes, cnfnmandin^ 

WhiJft Boon^p^rle was thus empltiyml in l^s Mtjefty*s troopa in the ifliQd of S;. 

repealed though ineiStAual efibru to forc« PomingO} daicd O^. 9, 1796. B/ cIm^ 

zbm front of che pafition, Geo. AWnuy d^ dfp aches it nfipf^rt chat, in coofcquenoft 

caahad' a eolumn agnititt ejch of his ftanka^ of ttie jtHliciou5 arrnng^m^snts of Maj. Geo* 

Mis loooer had Uwfo arrived at their p«.i At Buwytr at Jereniic, and the dtvifipn^ 

ol a* tack, tlian the enemy ?etr«s«Ced \v4ili ama^i^il the cpcmy in ths Soiuhern parts, 

ivectpiiat OH ; and a moft f«vor« aiW im- of tUe iiiand, where alcnol^ all tUe repub-* 

IKNiaMt afliair waa Chns coiiipl««fy ^lecidod Iic«in whces liad been mairjcTed, the im« 

in faironr of the Auftriaos. Two of t lie portaut quarter of (ii«> G^And AsQe waa 

cfciny't generals were known to have 
been woumWd ; smd a f htrd v^'as araoiigft 
the nooibcr ot priCunefs already b<'ougi>t 
ia. Roe. Cmaupvmd. 

Mv Lord, I have the houour to infu: ni 

ybiir Lardfbip, that after llie aif nf the agj'iift Saiitboru'X w^ che repi.blipa a»4 

iUd")f^iMithiagrdmaikalilehappen(Hl h4ir« ^s c^uCud almolt all the ufhites in hit 

frooi the zUli to the x7!h, :o wtiich the puiyer ip bf Bftrflttcnu^. M:^»i Gcn.9ow^ 

•iiemy nude a fally, in sonfiderible force, yer was wotuiile 1 in rhe loft bre.tll in the 

agjaiolt i^tf firft pardlel of th^ attack oi\ ^tufi^ on the Moine G;^iit'i<i ,• and the 

tlio right b.Mik of the Kintig. The ene- Bvig^v^ie Nlpijor Manner!* vec«ived a hall. 

raiideied piTfeaiy Ui«, St. M.trc's and 
M.ile $t. NiciiiiLas arc alfo in a flate q( 
fecurtt^ ; and the pa-ifti of ^.^Arcahao,. 
wa*! nevrr m-ire rea^eable or in a higher 
Oitte of cultivaciop. Geiiv RJa'*u4, th^ 
«iiicC 9f ihe blacks, has dccideiily- d^Ure< 

my was inftanily repulied, wicti ilto lo4s 
•f about 40 killed and wounded. Among t^ 
the killed was the comm-indaut of a hj(i£^ 
Cion. The batteries iii ttie firft parallel, 
as well as the guns in ali tiM redoubts to 
Ihe ri||M and left li it, oommenced ftring 
l^is mamifig ; aad 'i» the coarle of the 
ioicnoon the enemy's advanced polls were 
driven out uf tlie village of Kebl. 

Rob. CaAvruRD. 
HfvJ qimrtertf Oftnkuigh, Nfu 29* 
Nfy LorJ, ft is witii much fittisfA£|u)9 
that I have the honour (o inform your 
Uardfkip, thjkt his Royal Highnefs ilie 
Archillike h^ thts day received a repoit 
from Gen. Dividowicli, dited Pigveaaiio, 
Nov. 18, in which ht gives an account of Giey hound, Dec. 19, fell-in with, and 

tli»«uigH his thigh, hut, luviig milfed thf 
bouc, no clftiA^ are a:>> rctteuded Uo 
({ie a9ih, by the giiUniu q'>ivlu^t of (.iett.« 
C^'l- Mo«ikr, t>«e i'lege of Ini^ wa> r.ifed | 
911 .ii f^Q(0 ttie ftbfequent p.iris of tiie detaQ^ 
the «:neniy not ooty 4pptari to have fUile^f 
in his proj«^<(, but to iiaya been beai^ in 
every pa^ of the lOand, X^ Gax«ue alf^ 
co^Uaius an acc«iViit of the CJptuie of ^ 
fmaU Frendi priv:iteer«, oiv^ carrying a 
4 ptiunders and 1 fvyivel^, 46 men-r-Jht 
otlMrr % carriage-g^k» a (wivels, an4 
17 men.] 

Miii$al$y-^ficef D*:. ^4. Capt Jiroei 
Ynui-Si Vomnuhder of his Mojefty's (hip 

bis havmg, on the preceding day, at- 
lacke4 luid entirely defeated tlie enemy on 
the heights of Rivoli. The Attack com- 
menced about 7 in the morning of the 
I7:h, and, after a molt ohftinate vcfift- 
ance, the •iM;my wu en'irely driven from 
his peiiiitw, and purfu-d as far a» Cam* 
harii. Gcp. Djiviitowicii took ii ca»nuo, 
aboat ixoo priibnere, and many oAioers. 
Amoriglt the latter ai** Gens. Florella and 
Valerie, fie praifo;, in the warmeft 
fenvs^ tlie conduit of his generals, ami 
Ihe difcifdiiie and reAarluble biavcry of 
his iruope The epemy having, in the 
courfeof 4he night from the 17th to the 
lltli, received conftderahte reinforcemen's, 
look another pofiiion on tlie heights near 
Cambart ; in which Gen. Uaviilowich at- 
tacked him th? next morning, and drove 

lain back beyond Pefcbierra. When Gen. 

■If.. * . ^ 

C4ptvi-ed off Bu'ii«ur, TAvept^re |french 
l«ivateer brig, of 1 6 4rpnunders, and 6e 
iK\ep, cotnAianded by CiiiawO Peltier, two 
day from Calais, on her Itrft cruize, and 
hdii not taken any tlung. 

//^>rW/, Jan. 3. By difpatches re- 
ceive 1 on Sutidty evening from the Lord 
Lieutenant of Irebnd, by his Gra^e tlie 
iJiike of Tordand, it appears that a part 
9I tiie Krcnc'.i flcr, confiding of 8 two- 
deckers, siod 9 vcirds of difl^rent clail^, 
hAd anchored in Hanrry Bay on the a,th 
nit. and had remained (h«rc, without any 
attempt to land, till the ayih iu the eveo* 
ing, when they <piitied their ftation* and 
have not fmce been heard of. The wind, 
at tlie time of their failing, blowing har i 
at S. S. £. From their firft appeariinc • 
eveiy cxettioa was nadf by Gk;n. Dal 

ijG Intiufting InulUgi^a fr$m ihi London Gazettes. £Fcb. 

rftrple, the commanding oflicer of tho of the Shannon; but that both diTMiohi 

(lil^rid ; and a coofiderahle forco was col- had quieted their ftatioKit, and put to fea» 

leAed to repel the rnemy. The Accounts on the efcning of the 2d inft.'Wtthout at* 

fArthcr l^atc, that the yeomanry and tcrapiiiig a landing. The accotmts of th« 

volunteer corps difplayed the utmoll zeal difpofition of the Ctiuntry, where tlie troops 

anil ataerity in undertaking the guardt are aliemHled, are at favoiir<ihle as pof- 

in thofc*' places wheoce the regular troops fihle ; and tHe greateft loyalty has niani« 

were withdnuvn ; and tl^ uni\'erCd fefted itfelf through'tut the kingdom f 

feadineis (hewn by all dcfdrip(i<His of and in the S«NKh and Weft, where the 

people to forwaid the preparntions for troops have been in motion, they have 

defence, left no doubt of the events in been met by the count 17 pepple of all 

c'iife the enemy had ventured 10 make a defcription*, with provifions and aU forts 

defcent. In particulary the fpitit^ a^i* of accommo^iaeionft to fACilitate their 

viiytand fxeiVom, of Rich<trd Whiter, Efq. march ; and every demonftration ha^been 

of Se.«field Park, deferve ttie moft hon- given of tiie ze^i and ardour of tlie na-. 

durable mention. An ofi^c^r and 7 men tion ro oppofe the enemy in every place 

were driven on (bore in a boat brlongmg where it coiiU be fuppofed a defoeat rotghK 

to on^ of the French (hipsj and were im- be attempted.. . ' ■ 

Oirdiatcly made prifoncr?. This gentle- AJmiralty^ffiee. Jjn 7. Letter -fFom the 

iban w:is conveyed to Dublin, and, upon Hon. Cipc'oWiU. Commander of hit Ma* 

examination, ftite- that the fl'-ct, upon it& jei^v'**' H yr^ Star, to E.vao Nepean, £fq. 

eaving ^-re^, confifted in :iU of about 30 Sp>t^cid, Dec. 21, 1796. 

fail,h»ving^n army of 25.00 • men nn -hoard, ** Hi Maj i\y*» floop under my command 

enmmaiidcH hy G<:n. Ihvhe, and that it caoture*, yeftaiday, ofFthe (fle Of Wig^t, 

was dei1in«c> f>ir tiie attuk of Ireland. a fmil' French cutter privateer called Le 

Jan ;. Letter from C<«pt. Steiling, of Conp trEtfai, mounting' 2 carl't^e-guns 

Ms Mlijctly's IH'p J/if«^n. 10 Mr. Nep«nn. w^'l foan \ in froall arms and carr>'ing 8 

Cape Clear t D*.c 14, 1796* men. She had taken, a few lioura be* 

' Sir,' 1 hod the )i<nt« m tt inform you, forevire feH-iu with her. a. light bng, 

on the xoth in!< hy Lu Siitt<ein, a Fiench called the Anne, of Newcsftle, which ihe 

v^fiCel aimed enjlutt, winch ^.e h d takei'i had fent* otf for Cherbonrg. ' AVe imme- 

wiih 250 tri»o,>s, aim^, &c. on hoard, diarely mads (ail, in puifuic of her, and 

th.n ray intenti ns were to crinze fome were etiabled to recapture tier. 

days,* to endfavour i<» intercept any of 
tier COM f«»rts. Tlic prifnn^srs lave lince 
informed n^c, thai (lie (ailed on the 16th, 
in compat^y with i6 f-^il <»f the lij>e, and 
tratjfpori.*, having 2 OjO--^ lujops. Active 
wi^d h:!S been eall^rly fince die dace of 
my letter, and blowing V:ry hard, 1 liope 
th^^ have not reache^i a ixjrt ; and, as the 
trrops hid only 10 dtys |>rovifion.<:, iliey 
rnutl lie badly uff. 1 faw* a latge (bip of 
war lad nigUt, and I am (Msifnided the 
body if the fleet ctnnot be far from me. 
A rudder and other pieces of wreck have 
fLxxaitA p'«(t us to day. 

C?pl. John Drew is arrived in Caw- 
fand Bay, with his Maj(ft)'s (hip t'er- 
berus under his command, having cap- 
tured La Didon French cutter pi*iv,iteer, 9 
(tiys cut of Grenvilte, and had taken no- 

Capt, iK BattbfWi Commander tf bis Ma- 
Jyi/t'/i^p R^t^uiutf to E-VMN Nep^un^^ Ej'q» 
iuted in tut, 10 dtfr. \ 8 «/a. Nwtb^ iomg. 

On v\adnefday, Nov. 1, at t P. M. a 
fail was difcovercd, lieaiin(; al>out South 
from VIS, to whxli I gave chaf?, and u\w\\ 
nearing her could diicover that (he was a 
(htp of war, and at which time (he bore 
op, qujrtei ing, ttaving hetra upon a wiad 
befoie, which gave fofpiciiui of Iter being 
an enemy. At 10 P.M. came witli«n 
hale I and, as (he would not heave-to, or 
fay of wlut naiitm (he wa«, a broadfiile 
was civen } upon whidi the (iruck, and 
proved tt) he . the 3an Pio> Spauifti cor- 
vette, of 18 gun;, and 140 men. Having 
the d.>y before received intelligence that 

thing, cany nig 4 brafs 4*pounders, with AUm. Mann's (quid ronh.ul been chafed by 

fwii'cls, fmr»ll arms, and 33 men. 

The»Qnd hw fent into Portfmouth 
TAmarante French n-^tion.'l brig, of 12 
6-nonqdt-rs and 9 men, from Havre, b;>\ind 
to I^reft, which ihe captured yefterday 
off Aldemey. 

IfbrtshiUl, Jan, 7, By difpaffhes re- 
ceivcw :his day by the Dnk** of Pi>rcl<iiul, 
frr)m the Lord Licutenun of liela =d and 
Mr. Ptlham, dated il.e 3d antl 4(11 inft. 
1 appears that a pait of 'he French flret 
>'aii returned to Banri7 Ray, and that a 
f rti.^r part lUd besu (eeo off the mouth 

the Spanilh fleet, and alfo that they had 
uken an Itofpital (h>p irom ufy 1 deemed 
it jultifiable to detain her. 

AAmralijf^ffay J^. 14. Letter from 
Vke-^dm.Kingfmjli to EvanNepean, Efq. 
L' EugmrMmttt Cotk H,ttbmr, Jan. a. 

His MajeU>'b (loop tlus Hazard has cap- 
tured a line coppered French (hip priva- 
teer Ita Mufette, of 22 guns, and 150 nnen. 
In thif^ la ft cmife (he hjd, about 30 leagues 
wtfftwBcd of Cape 0ear, taken two vef- 
(elf ; one of which^ the Abbey, of Li- 
verpvply from .li^Ku: to LiverjMioU is re- 


'997*9 ItdiTtJting JnuUigeneefnm tbi London Gazettes. 257 

whole regiment turire«l oat to a maiv ^^i^ 
expreHiims of the gmteft eagernrff to 
march ; ;m(l the Dowrlhire regimeit, to 
a pnais d<chied ihey wtiul^l lUnti and fall 
\ff their otiicers. At ilie time the ar«if 
w;i^ onlcred Ct* march, (he weather \«ai 
extremely frveie ; I therefore ordenad 
them a propottioti of fpirits upon tfieir 
loxte, aiiU Jireded an aWowance of f nfr- 
prtK-: a (lay to iheir wivea until their ne* 
turn. Dtirint; their march, the ucmeik 
att:?ntion mas p^id them hy the tnhabf- 
tifu^ i»f tiit'towits and vHlagef througk 
which chey pnlTed ; fo thit, in maojr 
the a5th^lCimo, when an exprefs-' a-.t pluce-. the mu«)t p'ovided hy the CoA* 

I9 aml)uft'bra^hc iny by his Ma- 
jdly'f Aip DaphM. 

^«i 3. Left Deax Amtt French pr>« 
vmcr, 'of 14 goos »nc« 80 men, a fii\e 
CPfiper ftd felwnner of about ico x.^", \s 
jaft an-nved prie tb hii hlsftiXy'r, ihips 
Folf phemua ami Api^o. 
C^tf «/ ' LUter fnm. Cup:. Bmrtvi '•{ hit 

B«i/fittrre XaW, Die. |. 

Sift A packet leairug th<t («l^ce to-«l:<y 

tat EofUtid, I embrace the opport\iiii:y, 

■iot the ficisfa^idn of their Lord(hi(>s, 10 

them that I anchored at Sr KittN 

liad been firnifron the ifl-nid of A-guiila 
ID inform the Admirat that the lil.ind 
vKAi atocked hy twp French men of war, 
JKid feycfAl fmall ▼elTels containing 406 
troope. I fell it my duty (as the exorcfx- 
boat returned here i»itn the lof"; of iicr 
main m.A) to Irave the fervice I was 
ordered o«i» to endeavour to relieve timt 
place. The wini^ being to the North- 
ward, prevented my getting up there in 
time to ^p them from burning the town ; 
but I have the pleafUre to fav, after an 
•dioo of n^ar two hnurt, I efte^^ually re- 

milfana' was not cnnfnmed. The roML% 
which m parts had been rendered itppalt> 
;d*!e hy the fnow, weie cleared hy the 
peafantry. .Tlie poor people often fliared 
theh' potatoes with them, and drefled 
thznr Without deinandnTg pnymervts 
of whi^ there was a very particubr in- 
(Linoe in the town of Banagher, wherft no 
gentlennan or rrincipal firmer refidet Co 
fet th:rm the example. At Cwktw, m 
coMfivit-rai^lc fuhfcrtption wa9 made Tir 
the troops a> tliey paffed : and at f jmerick 
and Cork, eveiy RX«rtion wrts nfed to fa- 

lieved tiiat ifl<nt>, hy t:.kiiig the (hip a> d cilitjtd tne carnagts of artillery and bag- 
finking the brig. . The Ihip proved to be gage by |>renmims to ikie carmen ; amd 
lie Dccioi, RMiunting 14 6-pounderSy a in tite town of Galway, whfch for a fiiOft 
v<-pouiid carrunadesy and z brafs field- time wm left with a very inadequate gar- 
pieotf| With j:;; men of htr own com- nrnn, the zenl and aidour of the inhabit 
plementy and 103 troops, commanded by tai.t<i and yeomanry w^ pecnl<aily man i« 
Ckoyeo Ai^roneSenis; and the hiig La feiici, anJ in a manner to give nac tiie 
Vaittantei mountifig 4 14-poundcrs, with atmoft fitivf t^ion. In (hort, thegener;d 
4;; men, and 90 troops, commanded by gt>od dlfpofHibn of the people through the 
C'^oyen Li^<oatkiue. The particulars of S>>uih and Weil w^s fo prevalent, thac» 
the jAion 1 have tranfmitted Vo Rear- Ad. had the enemy 1and<Ml, their hoi^e of re- 
Harvey, fur tha infrtitatiun of their Lr>id- fi'^ance frmii the inhahitants woiiM haw 
ffaipf I and am, Ice R. Bahton' been totally difappointed. From the arm 

N. B. 1 am informed that they were ed yeomani y gcveniraeni derived the moft 
picked troops from Vi^r Hugltcs, fur honourable aiTiilance. Nolderaen and 
the fobs porpofe of idtindering and deltroy- ge tiemen of the f.rlt property vied in 

cxi'-rting ihemfel'vt^s as the h<:ad of their 
c«n*p«. M«ich of the exprefs and efcort 
doty was prrformed by Chem. In.Cork« 
Limeiick, and Galway, they took the 
duty of' the girrifon. Lot d Shannoo in- 
f 'rnts me, thi^t men of three and foor 
thuufand pounds a year were employed 
m efcnrting baggage and cairymg ex<- 
prelTes. Mr. John LatouctMs, who was a 

iog the ifland. 

HTfitebaHy Jam. 17. Lettci" from the 
LorO Lieutcnam of ii eland to the Duke 

i>f Pinrtlant*, dated Dublin Caftle, Jan. xo. 

I have the tati!>fa<%iMn to acqnaiot your 

Grace, th<i, fi>>co the infoimatum tranl- 

miLicd to Mr. Grenviiie, th:it the French 

bad enr.irclv kit Bantry Bay, there, has 

been no rr-api>earance of ihcm upon the private in his fon'b corps, rode 15 miles 

coalls; io Li'al I tmA, from the violer4:e in one tf the fe^ereft nights, with an ex* 

cifilie tcropcfl, and from their Ibips being prefs, 'it being his turn for duly. Th« 

ill-found ;tnd ili-vidbiitled, their expedition merdiants of Dnhlin, many of them of 

IS for tt:e pret'em fuillraied. Upon re- the firtt eminence, marched iS Irifh milet 

viewing what has paifed during this expe- with a conv<ky of amis to the Northf virhi« 

dition of the enemy, I have the f jti&fac- ther it wa^ conduced by reliefs oif yeo* 

tion to rcfitrcl, that the beil fpirit was ni..- manry. The appearance in this metro- 

nifefted Ivy hi Majeily's regular and mi- polis has been highly meritorious. TIm 

btia ft^rces ; and I have every real'c^n to corps hnve been formed of the moft re* 

bel'«ve, thut, if a landing had taken place, fpe^able barrifterv, attorneys, merchants^ 

they would have difplayed the utmoft gentlemen, and citizens; .md tl^r num- 

iiOchty. Wh-sn ilte flank companies of her is fo cunfifJei'^hle, and their zeal ia 

■Ui% Autrim L.ginient k%ere furmcd, the n'.oiuutng gi:*ii d fo uftfid^ thai I was en- 

15.3 InUttiJing IntiUigfnce fi^m ths tonjio^ G4Z«t(ies. (F^ 

^b*C(l greatly to v««Iu6« tl>e gari ICon with 

perfect UUtj to ilia town. The nun- • 

^rs of y#«Nnaiirf, luUy appointed and 

difci|tliiieiiy in OuMin, exc^e>*' 2ooO|. 

hoove 4C0 of whom are horfe. Tht 

whole oumker of torps appi*ovcKl by giM 

vernineiic ^niotint to 440, excUifive ol 

tlte OuMui. eurps. ' Tlic gii»it number 

K nearly a.5,01:^.. TticFe are aifo 9-1 

oj£»s of fcrvice under tonfider^itum, aiKi 

115- propofaW havti iKstHiiecUncti; <uiii» 

su re);ly lo u circulAC U Ujci «« 1 iitcu m the 

C9cninatul.«n.'s of ti.t. le'^'pootive cot ps, *^.\r 

anf«itcrs almoil tuiiverf-rflly ooni lined a ^'e- 

iiecal oSer of fervto* in any p:4 1 of Uie 

kingUoni. M^riy pitMi>nent examples of 

indiVMioal lny lUv nnJ Ipirii h^ve uppvaied. 

^n. ufeful 'IniprcUiMY w..s nade upon. 

the miiids cf the Iiwcr Catholics hy a 

judicious ado:cf« hpm Di*. Moybn, the 

titular biOiop gf Coiik (f«e p. ;4). I caa* 

cmt IHIC notice the esei lioiis-of |y r I Ken- 

iMi-r, who fpaied no ex]«enoe in giving 

afRilance to t^ie commaoidiug officer in 

bis brighbourhoo^i and wh» leok tP ^us. 

«>wn dva^fne a gr^at cpiantity of caitle 

whid) had heoo driven from the cc»(l» 

Nor could any thing exceed the ardour of 

cbe Earl of Orrooodry whit^ wheu iiis re* 

giment of militia wer*: returned as p^it of 

tha garrifoB of Dublto, fuliciiiBd with id 

viucb seal a comqaand iu the Aaak. rom^ 

panidiy thai ) thought it a n>e.«fure duo 

to his Blajeily's krvidi to cocuuis^e hia 

Lord(bi|t's rtqucft. 

Pari^mumt'^at, Ja9, 16. Difp.itches 
Mceived by the Hao. U. Quodas, from 
M^.Qm. Charles Graham, commiuidiiif 
bia M<>jafly'9 iroop& in tlM [.ecward 
Iflandsi in the aWeuce of Lieut.-Gcii. Sir 
Ralph Abercrombyf K-B. 

Htad-ftmrtfr^ MarttKre; M l6f 1 796. 

Our alfars in Grenada wear ttie nioA 
favourable aijpe^t ; 1 ra.iy (slv, indeo^i, 
tcaii^oiUity is cucuplieteLy reAured, as they 
•ojoy it in the ivott ooin|> fienfe. 
The cornmuoication thrmighuut tlie iflnnd 
lA perfeAIy open. There are fome few 
ftc^tggleirSy DO doeht, in the ^^ oods } but 
ll>ey ne«er moleil even fmgle paUeiiger; ) 
mnd their number is (o inconfiderahle^ and 
lho<r llato fb wretched, that they rotlier 
deforve our conteai}^ tlian nterit our re- 
fontiyienC. Fedon hds not yet been tAkta ; 
and opinions are various witli reCyttik to 
bis death or eicnpe: the former> however, 
1 think moft probithley as a canoe, that 
bad been overfet, was fbiuhJ bv a vetfel 
Coioe di0ai)cefrem the coa^S with a Ciimp- 
pafii Aailcd to the bottom, which was 
known Co be one that lie UmI in Ins pof- 
itfAoa ; it is ihareiore lik«;Iy he may Imve 
been loft, in endejvourmg 10 mike I it 
efcape. 1 »robr2ce with tatisfadion the 
opportunity this afhirds rec of . having 
the honour to mfurm yoii> that a oegotia- 

tion has^ccR opened for a general <»< 
change of prifoners with ihe Com-., 
milTitiiivfa of tlie FieiKh Republic at Guk- ' 
dalou|ie. Tlie e^romifliMy, fent heiio la 
t«eat onilKtt buftnefs, has, in conieqivsncv^ 
rotuined with tHo ImrKhcd. Aa «qual 
number of t mi s are to be lent byr the car- 
tel. WUen I lie bufintft is fiaally fettled,.. 
1 Ihaillvvvc i>>e pl.'.tiu|c of aa|uaiotiiig you 
with tUe pai^cuUrs: ■ ' 

6'/, rhwnt't, m. 18. S«r» When I bad 
the honour of wniM>g to your Exaellancv^ 
on ihc sid of Auguft) 1 iiicloliBd a oopy^ 
of Vi« tei ms utfc(«d 10 the Caribs by Go. 
verni>i- S-^'ut> and myf^flf, in confeqtienc* 
of Sii Ralph i^bercroiT by *«. orders and ia«.. 
ftntAluns to Me upon tliat fubjecl. A6 
the faxne time I ac«|uaiiiied you with 
th^ plan L had ado|4td, in ordior to ro« 
duce the rcmni/iing Bi'igands, and to 
compel tlie C:«riU 10 (uiceB<.*er. 1 ltav# 
now t!ie fati'f ;Afun loin^rro you of ih« 
total redu<^ion et the Brigands aud Caiibt 
on that liUiiid; Mai tin Padre (a Nrgrq 
of S'. Lucid) who has commai^ded th« 
Brigands and Canbs fince the ca^viireof 
the Vgie, and who had giYat inHueoce 
and autliortty over lioth, fucuendei ed on 
the id ioft. Tlie nii>rl>cr of Biiands 
who have furr-eudered, or been taKeoi 
finoe ihe anoiith of }uiy, animu)ts to ys^ | 
tiMf number of Caiilisto46>3, iududmg 
women and ch>!dnm. 1 haw Rinch plea* 
fiiro in miikius lc>nown 10 you^ fi^* hii 
Mai«ily*s iuftirmatian, the le.-il, nAivity, 
and humanity, whu;h have aAiiated every 
defcription of oflicenand foldiei s employed 
und<jr my coairoand d^iriiig the wh<*U 
•£ the Cartb war } and I ana liappy to Uif^ 
that, notwiii>il<akdiiig the ie.^i ni the 
year, and the faiigue the troops hnve 
undvrg;oR«y ihey arc in general viery 

F. HuvTia, M j. Gen. 

Wbiuball^ Jan. 1 6. Extract of a letter 
received front G»v«meiir Strto^i, by tlie 
Duke of Portland, dated at. Vincent's, 
O^ la, 1796. 

I have tlu; CitlsfaA'ton to inform your 
Giace^ that traiqu Ihiy is on th? eve of 
being reftorrdt'i thit colony, owing, in 
a veiy great mealu-e, to tlie uaremiited 
exertions of Mai. Gen. Hunter, and to 
his hnmatie coitduj; towarcb ihc en^-my of 
every defcriptioii. All tlie Caitb cliieis 
h.«ve iMrieiidered, iImsif people are coming 
in daily, and we have at ihis moinvnl biuit 
three thoufand five hundred in our pot- 
fvflion. Ne-^rly all the Rrignni*ff with 
ttusir leaders, have turrendcrt d. -^ By a 
fiihfeKpient letter from tl:e GovcnxH* to 
-hiti Grtct, d:«ud $«. Vincent's, tne i6ih 
of Noveenher fait, it :ipi)eaMy th t th^: re- 
mainder of ttie CariKf. and Brigands had 
fi^rrciuWod ttietMfeives, aud that tlie lUai.d 
wai 10 a ftate of perfe^i tranquillity. 

#f^7-} ^*^>f^; imtSiie^ef^m Ireland end Scc5tlftnd. f jf 

^ 'tA«L Jiki^ aiA ScttTLXwB. Crates, iF wc Ihall difcovM' arty fnch com- 

IMUK 'Mhv. 3. W?th tni» plvftCiire hinationfiodilliirb tlte piibric peaco, add- 
«i iHflr 'iff the lti|ht Hon. tl^ k.«rt of ing oar heft aflfiftancs Co Krinc the ftffim- 
IMm (Chi^'l^idlf bta«0 md high^ me- ders to j«if>ice.~We are ardetiUy nfi4 
fltoiMMi >f»ffiOTfV ItMt ■fifMen Iriend of Atadily attached tu oar ineftiiriRble coAfti- 
4m mnmrj^ and that ^iVBady fii|Tporter of iiiiinn ; we muft thence he mb(l heeiilf 
<ha — i i ftm itioh) pi«e(idrnic at a nameroas fenfiMe to whatever abufe^ni-iy at any time 
■MMin^ of abnnt 700 peif<»ns, tff diffrtfent prfcvent mir full ei joyticnt ot kr Hetltng^, 
Vd^imn periiiaikmSv on the t<ih iik. :«t bot/reiyins that the ^^ifdonn ofth^legifla- 
JaljldwatlMifc 4lll lionMiip*s phiUrnhni- tare virH r<»e the expSeiicticy of prtrlodifn 
py urgvd hilB tn make no diAinthon of fnrh hHuCk, we ilc-rlai-e otir tin4lce**abk; 
■flMintt j t amn l gtL men^ who a^fee in the dercrmit}at:on to nrcrAitain the lawrs of o^ 

cim.itry, aoti i» f'j;»ji-Mt wirh ciii- ntroolt 
exeninrkft the tltrtme of h-?\wevl f^- 
verttign. Moira^ C\m.'i^tnim. 

The EmtI of Moira IiariMj; left tK* ch^ir, 
and Hiliuh H.I nilcwn hriMj cr\*lco loit| 

HwfcU'ed, Thuc #wir ^vBrtrBll thinR^ hr 
pfrfcnie-* tn the R»tihr Ht:ti. tl«r Kirl ot 
Moira, f:»r his C'>i»d ■.•c<.'ofio:i in aitcndirr^ 
the meetioe^, fsk-i-r th» chair ni our r«- 

I of one <}od, thbttgh they ma)' dif- 
i» in Vl-t DM'WIc. Tiie lefeiutions into 

rhiehche tnceting citferod Iithehigheft 

eooar 10 their homonity and juftic«-, and, 
I they to beiuiiveKaHf adopicNl, irotiU 
l^fAore' poMic trnnqufllfty to the wh«ite 
kitigdnm. Thefe refohitinns are the more 
•ibfiiabte, as they cannot hef 'ifpo^ed to He 
cnltd by any Coort laflaet^ce, as i)iey h«l 
been previotiAy eoofidered by the ie\Tral <)ncfl, and his upr:^hr and irT«p.'*rtlfl con- 
confregsUiooB of the Protet^ants, Protef- dnA in it. f-Tvon FlA'MrLTON. 

tani Daienterty and Roman CiiClio'ici, of Edinhwfo^ J^<i- It mn^ he a'ttnit- 
that cx'etWtve parHh. ter of miTc'.i rAtiNf:»5\ioii to a!l tfuf^ f 1 teni*s 

At a nfieecing of the Prote<lani9, Pro- of this Ci)U-.;try, to obfer»e the* rtuny 
teftant DiflenterSt and Roman Catholics, ilrong and nne<{*it«ncal marks o^ loyair3r 
of the parifh of Bultynahinch, conveneil at and ipirit cstlnhitdd by almoft aU raiuka 
the M«rket-Houfe, the z6th of <')doher, and dcfcnption*; of men at this \^nrr \ry^ 
1796, the following refolucions (which portant citfis. A<; foon as the accoanfB ar- 

had been previeiSfly ccmfidereU by the 
icveral conf^regalioas) were unanimoufly 
entered int(». 

The Eai I of Moh^ in the chiir. 

Refoved. I« As we t old enrftlvec tm- 
titledy under the fanition of ih« l.iws, to 
cxerdfe the firft doty of min, in wtn** 
fhiping the Supreme Being according to 
the dittos of our own cotifcience, fo 

rived of a French fleet hsing off ttie coaft 
oC Irelai-.d, the Royal Edlnhiirffh Vdlen- 
tears met, and offeml their fervitset to the 
CoTimander in Chief here, to tak[« charge 
ef the caftle M EdinbtH":;*! and the city^ 
ihould the trhops ftationtd th*jre h^ ealted 
away on ot^.er doty. The Royal Ghfgbw 
Vohmteers, fotMt after, made the fame 
handfume offer for that city ahd its di(« 

•ach of as thinks the fame privilege IhottlU tri^is; }*s have Anoe done the* Volunteer 
be fully eojc^ed by his neighlionr ; we ' corp^ of I>eith, Perth, and Dimdce ; and 

thence regard, wit^ utter abhorrence, all 
perfection of religions opintow; — H. We 
believe that we are not only defined, hnt 
reqniredy by otir Creator, to live in amity 
and kinduefs one with another ; and we 

tha'e is little reifon (o doubt bnC that many 
of ihe other volunteer and yeomanry Corps 
in North Briu:n Will follow chi* I «idaMe 
example as foon a& the fitii ition of things 
(hail reach them. The Dalkeith Rumor 

ave perfuided, that he who opprtfles or Society^ and othei* farmTS in Mid^l/*- 

wantonly injures his brethren^ fin; brfore thran, have likewife made vohmtarT of- 

the Almighty.— III. It is with af^onifh- fers of horfes and carriages to a yrfy gre:rt 

ment| as well as with the deeped concern, ^ntount, and to be in reulinef'^y tiptvi il^ 

Chat we behold the cruel ontrace^ which fboiteft nortec, to tr-nfix>rt {it ni*eJfiil> 

hive takei place in a neighbouring dif* 
tri^, under tlie excufe of retigious, 
and which, to th-s !Orrow of alt go<>d fnb- 
ie^ls aod lUMiell men, have contineed now 
f«ir sdMive a year. — IV. We pledge ottr- 
felveaiblemnly oue to another, thai, (hould 
any lawlefe plooderers attempt te violate 
the tnmqaiUity of this parifh, we will re- 
fill thetn with all our might; we par- 
ticularly, who are •permitted to hive arms, 
engaging ourfelves to give ilie I'e.t piotec- 

tn>ops, artillery, amnnmition, amJ b'g- 
gag«, where /;r th-v m;iy*be xl'j'ntet^ 
witbont anv exj-c^ce rothe piiblick ; trhieh 
pntrioiic and wcl^timl^^ oifeiT, it Is le^pcd^ 
will be anloptrd by the proprietors ^od 
farmers in ot^er co*mtr;es. All tJif-fe M"- 
fei-s i>f fervrcc Imve bt-en CranfmHted by 
the Commander in Clitsf hertf So his 
Royal Highn<?fs Che I>uke of Vjrk, to be 
laJd befb»e t'leKing; ami cl^Tirly evince 
the loplty and att-ichment cf all n^as^s m 

tion in oar power 10 thofe whi are not tht< country to h.^ IV!aivf^v and omr Impny 

altowed the means of individital deFcnce ; Condmitioi:, and iVtfeir d- tcrroMvltioo to 

end we do hereby, one a«id alt, b«Dd out* contribute, by everv m'^m^ in thtfirfower^ 

letvei CO give infonaation to ihe sia^- to ins praljier-.ty and loMg duratir>a» 

i6o Inter ejilfig huUlgince from van'dus Parts cfthi Csukiry. [Feb. 

Country Nkw5. 

f>n. If. In a meeiing xt the town 1ia!I, 
C^mbrU^f, ci Uie m^or, bailiffs, diid tnir- 
gcHcSy ihey took iiiio tlicir confu^er «tu>n 
the ipplicnCion made to them from the 
co-tieirs of Sir' George Downing, Bait. 
formerly of Gamlingrfy Park» for the 
^rani oJF a pArcel of ground, on u'hich is 
to be buiH tlte new college, to he called 
D«wniDg CoUege. The coritoranon have 
made an oflSfir to the h^irs at law rf two 
frieociS i>f laud} tlie mie called Proud Hill^ 
the Noith end of il.e tou n, neai the c<.(lle, 
towardythe high ro.%d to Huntingdon ; the 
other aS that extenfive piece of ground, 
confiSiog nf ftfceeo acres oi land, on the 
&>utb-eail of the town, named Parker's 
Ftece, jlift beyond Emanuel College. 

Dfe» 19. The fe verity of tlte froft on \\\t 
aighc of the a4th uU. exceeded any thing 
knovrn inthiskingd(»m. Aoiongft the many 
liv^ldftin con&queooe,the following have 
come to our knowledge : Wm. Gotherd, 
aged twenty-four, frozen to de:ith at Had* 
dendcHy in the Ifle (-f Ely. Two you>'g 
men'oC Bexley» in Kent, the one nearly 
d[fcad fvitlun a ihort diftauce of home ; the 
oKber found on Penneiulen H«.\th leofe- 
lets, abd who died on the Monday. A 
poor vnwnzxi was . found early on Sunday 
morning on Boughton Hill, nenr Canter- 
bnry, frozen to de<ith. An elderly man, 
a Faverlham traveller, was on Sunday 
morning difcovered hy the driver of one 
of the Canterbury n;tges lying in the 
road : he wap carried to tt^e Red Lion, 
where be expired before any afliftance 
ouuld be given. John Kilburn, a charac- 
ter well known amongli the ge tl men of 
the toif, was found frozen to death on 
tlie Great North Road between Stilton 
and Waxsford. * 

Oxfrrdf Du 31. In the morning of the 
a jtth, we experienced the greateft feverity 
of coid ^er obferved in this place. Near 
eight o'clock the thermometer at the 
Observatory w?s at two degrees below q^ 
which is 34 degrees below the freezin;; 
poiog : the thermometer at the Inhrniary 
was down at o } and feveral thermomtttni 
in Iheltered places in the town (lood as low 
as 4 Agrees dboveo. Mr. Walker, wlio 
bas diftingeiOied himfelf hy his cxperi- 
neacs on artificial cold, taking advantage 
of this feverity* of tlie ucather, fioze 
quiflkiilver by the fimple mixtuie of (now 
and nitrous acid, at t!)e temperature of 
the atmofibere; an experiment which, 
not oiany years ago, excited ci^nfiderable 
furprize even at Sr. Tetei Iburg. 

yon* S. The (lee pie of JlQinrngtoft 
Ciwtichy -near Norwich, feUdo^An, while 
the l)«:li was ringing for divme fervice. 

Jan. S. A GOTOner's ioqiieft waK held 
at BofecUle E*\Pfidff in the Ncrih Riding of 
York, on the l«ndy of Je;in j «cque& La 
VieuviUe, fitppofed to be a fieuch emi- 

grant priefty as appewed by fome ptpert 
in bis pofliBlBon. He was found dead 
amo>ig the fnow opan the high flBOon^ 
nine miles North-eaft of KiiiiTnio(lre6de« 
ai^d fixteen SoiKh-eaft of Whitby^ in the 
faid 'iding. The jury's verdid, " that ha 
had died tlirough the inelemencf .of tha 

yan. If. About noon, a inelandioiy 
accii*ent happened in Liv$rfaei harfauur. 
As Mr. Slack, deputy conl^ahle^ was con- 
veving a paity of volunteers, raifed io 
Manchefter and the. adjacent pariiheSp for 
the navy, the boat in which they wettt 
proceeding :o the tender overfet, by which 
f.ital accident 15 perfons lo^ their lives. 

y^n 21. This niL'ht, at ri o'clock^ a 
cottage at Newton Fentrs, about ekreil 
miles from P/vmouth, in which flept an 
induftrious widow (^cottager) and her two 
children, was bverwhelmed by tlie burn- 
ing of a very l<irge field and 01 chard o» 
a hill above the cottafe, in MembUrd- 
tane. It totally deflroyeil the cottage and 
a barn, and fufli[>cated the widow and tier 
two vhildren, who were fou )d dead ander 
a very great h«ap of earth, elm-trees, and 
cille^-rree^. A large in the field 
above the cottag<; m as found, out of* which 
iifued a rivulet of wrer. Tlie farmers 
imagine it was owing to Uie hurfling of a 
fpriug, that this accident happened. The 
bodies weru dug out on MonUiy ; and Mr« 
Whitford, conmer for the Sout^iern.dif- 
tri(^ of Devon, took an inquifition, and 
the jury returned a Verdict, " Acciden- 
tal death." 

yttrt. 31. Abdut 6 this evening, as tlie 
Earl of StrathfToie wab pmceeding in a 
po(t-chaife mar FineU.'v ntnmonf the 
chaifc, in whicli wwe l.'n Lordihip and a 
French nohlenian, was (topped by two 
highw:iymen, one of wl^om came up to 
the window, and pie'ented a pi^ol to his^ 
J.oid(bip, whidi he aUemp'cd to fire, hat 
it flaOied in the pan ; at the fame inftoit 
his Lordibip diichargod a piece at the rob- 
l>er, which fhot him in the neck, and lie 
diicdlly fell from his hcufe, and expired. 
liis companion made otf with the gieaieft 
precipitation, leading off with him the 
tiorfe on which his comrade had rode. 
On infpe^ion of the ho.>y, ii tur^b out lo 
be that of Wi'iham Lancafter, a verf old 
offender, and who was hberatcd only on 
Monday laft, Itavtng bren conhnedvoa^ a 
charge of robbing Lord BtNringtIon. His 
Lordihip, vho was on his way f»r ^<k- 
land, immediaiel)' returned to lowij, and 
fending notice of Uie accideiit to t'tie Public 
01)100, Bow-ltieet, Fugion and Riveir, 
twci of the ort]cer«, who went down, io» 
Aantly recognifed h*m, ali!K>U|;b difgmffd 
in a vio{t extraordinary nsaiUier. 1 his is 
the fjme perfon who fome years ago nWe 
his efcape, when in cnilody for ir^^iog 
Mr. Stulcy, a King's meHengci. The^ 


♦y§7-] l3'6MESTlfc bCCUkRE^dES. i6i 

hdif ^#M taken to the workhoufe at 
fwMejf where Ihe coroner's ir.queft was 
fi S rinj p n e i i to fit on h this day: 

DhiciiTtc Oc^uiikiwcis. < 

SdttntUj^, Fet. 25. 

The fdHoMinng letter was tliis d.iy fent 
to the Lord Mayor of London : 

•*• MjT Lord, t hive ihe honour 10 ac- 
t^iiatm yoalV Lnnllbip that intelligence has 
Mn received that two French frigates, a 
cohrettc, ahd a logger, afipeared od the Eaft 
bf P^brdkeOiire; on the aid mHant, and 
od the evening of that day 'difcinhnrked 
frnie troops (reported by deserters to be 
nHbiit X200 men, bdt 'without field pieces.) 
£veiy exertion had been made by the Lord 
Lieoteiiant and gent! -me^i of that county 
and its ne':{;,hbourho<)d for takini; the pro- 
per Aeps on this occfi m ; and the greatell 
zeal and loyalty lia^ been fiiewn by all 
ranks of people. Immediately on an ac* 
coont having been received at Plymouth of 
this force havibt; appeared in the Bhftol 
Channel, frigates were difpatched from 
Plymouth' in qtteft of them. I have the 
hoodortDbe, 5cc. Portland." 

' Tliis letter was folloii'^d in the evening 
by an Extraordtnai7 Gazette ; containing 
the fame fadts, as fiaced in a letter from 
I.ord Miifbnl, Lord Lieutenant of - the 
county of Pembroke j and accompanied 
vhlh the following letter to the Duke of 
Portbnd (roni Lieut. Col. Orchard, com- 
Ddanding the North Devon volunteers. 

** I think it my duty to ftate to your 
Grace that I yederday received an exprefs 
fr'om Ilfiaoombe, mentioning that tlieie 
were three French frigates off that place ; 
that they hadfcuttled feveral mcrcliantmen, 
arid were attempting to Uefiroy the (hip* 
iBg in the harbour. They begged i!>at I 
woulii^mmediately order the North Devon 
regiment of 'volunteers undfcr my a)ir.m:jid 
to march to their aflil^ance. In confe-. 
q»ience of this repreiencatton, I ordered tJie 
men to get ready to marcli as fuon as pslli- 
bte. 1 have great Cuisfadtion in faying, 
Uiat in four hours I fbuoil every oflicer and 
man tliat was ordered to the parade at 
Bidef'ird (fifteen miles from home) ready 
and willing to march to any place they 
fliTiQid be commanded to go to. I cannot 
esprefs the fatlsfadtion I felt on feeing tlie 
tt^n fa willing to defend their King and 
C^jkntry ; at the fame time as filent, or- 
dcny, and fober, as might be expected at 
a morning parade of an old iiegiroent. The 
greaied exenioiis were made by all defcrip- 
tions of people to afiift, and to render every 
fcrvice in their power. As I was prepa- 
riiig to march, I refceiveid an account from 
Ilfracombe, that the French flups were 
gone from the coall, and that tranqelUity 
was again roftored to the town. ' How far 
tbe report vrii well founded, I cannoC 
Gz.HT. Mao. Fitmary, i797r 


pofliblr fay ; but, as this affair may he mif- 
reprcfenttd and exaggerated, I truil your 
Gnice will excufc my troubling you with 
this letter ; and I Batter myfelf itmuft give 
you pleafure to hear of the loyalty of this 
neighb<iurhood, and that the behaviour,dP 
the volunteers and inhuhi:ants will maeC 
ihfc approbation of his Majefty.** 
Sunday^ Feb. a6*. . 

Another Ex'.r.iordioary j^azettf has the 
foUrtwint; eMtra.ds of letters from Lord 
Milfurd to itie Duke of Portland. 

Ifaiferfordwejf, Feb. 24, 6 A. M. 

*^ SimSs 1 had the hontmr of writing laft 
to your Grace by exprefs, 1 have received 
infumiation of the French ftiips having 
failed, and left three hundred men b:;hind; 
who have fur rendered themlelves prifo- 
ners. The gre?t Iptrit and loyalty that the 
gentlemen and i^eafantry have Ihewn on 
this occjfion exceeds defcription. Man^ 
thonfai}'.;? of the lattef alTcmbled,. armed 
with pikes and fcyihes, aiid attacked' the 
enemy, previous to tiie ;irrival ot ^e troops 
that were fent againft tlicm.** 

Ifavitjortkieft, Feb, lA, 9 P. M. 

" 1 have the honotir.and pleaiute to in- 
form ytiur Grace, that the whole cf the 
French troops, amounting to nearfoorteen 
hundred men, have furrendered, and are 
now on their march to Haverfordwcfl. I 
have uken the firft opportunity oT an- 
nouncing this good news to your Grace, 
and fhall have the honour of writing again 
to your Grace by to-naorroW's poft^'* ' 
MMtU^f Feb, %. 

The kingdom of Inland has been agairi 
alarmed with the idea of an invafion { and' 
rumour went fo far as to fay, that ten fail oC 
French (hips of the line were off the coaft 
of Donegal. But the rumour was unfounded. 

Lord Britlpurt and all the othei; admirals 
and captains tiave left London,, with di< 
redions to put to fea immediately, aifd 
guaid the mouth cf ilie Cl.auuel agaioft 
hofljle atts^ks, while anotlter fquadrbn ia 
dii e^ed to Yarmouth Roads, Yo as to pro- 
tect the ^ailern co.ift from infuk. 

The Allowing notice is ju^ publiihed. 
" BA.NK of ENGLAND, Feb. ay, i-;^-;, 

" In conicquence of an oider of His Ma- 
jefty's Privy Council notified to ifie Bank 
laft night, a cepy of which is hereanto an- 
nexed ; , 

" The Governor, Deputy Governftf, and 
Diredlors of the Ba.vk of Ekgjlawd, 
think It their duty to inform the proprie- 
tors of Bank Stock, as well a^ the Pub- 
lick at Urge, that the general concerns 
of the Bank .ire in the mdft affluent and 
profperous (iiuation, and fuch as to pire- 
clnde every dnobt as to the fecority of itt 
notes. The Di recto as mean w con- 
tinue their ufaal difcdunts for tbe acco'm- 
niodation of the commercial intereft, paf • 
lag the ftinoani in Bank-notes, and the di* 


Tidciid-wanramf will be fuitl iu Uie fMttt 
niautt«;r. Vt a ncu Martin, Seu-ctary. 
** At. the Ci>unc>l Clumhei, ■ WhiuHMM, 

Feb 1614797. By tlw boiiis of Hu M .- 

'3efty% iboA H(.wi(Mir:tbl« Pi ivy roiuicil. 

Frefent, , rhr ^ixu-U CbancelliNTv \jird 
Prefident, Diike (if Portlan«J| Martjais 
ComwalliSi Enrl Spcnc r» Earl ot Li»cir 
pool. Lord GKiiVvlle» Mr. ClwtiKch^i of 
tbr exchequer. 

•• Upi)u the rcprefentatjon of tht Ch.-ni- 
ceT.orbf the ExchcciiH-iynaiiug, llui fiom 
riic refuU of Uie ii(brn)*tio» which he 
hin reukveUy aiul «)f cite eiii|iiiri(.» which 
it, has: Keen his duty to nukfi iei|ic6liug 

or otlter animal yielding profile •!>• ahk to 
mauKain liimfttlf without farther relief » it 
ihall he Uwful to order Uie payment of 
money out nf the rates to nnake fuch 
puichhfe. IV. Ko perfuo to be exdudod- 
irura paroch^al relief on account of tb« 
potUlfion <A imy tenement or coic^^ or 
any ntiter xiiible pro|>eriy9 if <it does noC 
fcxcefd the va!u« uf 30I, cunlifting of t»»ky 
implementSt fnrn*tiire, apparelj, or other 
noceflaiics. V. No perltm (hall be liable 
to be removed fium the parilh which be 
ih;iU inhabit, ard he adtt.iUy cltar^seable, 
t«n account of any temporary difabihty or 
fickiieCs of bimfelf or family. VI. Tor 

the cl&:A of thcuuuiuai dcmanUkferfpccey ih^ enconrageroeat of induftiys, and t» 

tb^K bav;e been made uyoo the metro)>olis, 
in coofequence of the iU»foQnded or tx- 
asgerated alarms iu different part* of iims 
couiitryy it$ thatruolef" fi»me niotr 
fure is imiiu;diMtrly taken, th«-rc may he 
wafoo to aippiehend a want <^f a fiifiicicnC 

fecuie a com|)etency in cafe «if iiciiLiirfs or 
old- a^e, lurocliial funds to he e tbblilbed, 
fn>m mbfcriptiunSy contributiuns, nnd 
froin ;«ios out of the racef, to he called itie 
parochial fund, for thf rehef of fick, in- 
firmi and aged fubCcribcrs ; fuch fund,- 

lbp||y of cafti tX) auf^« er 'the exi|er.c>ts of to be «fi.bU(hed by order of tw«> jufticet. 

Che public fervice: Tc is the unnnimous 
opituun of the Soard, tliat it is iui'ifpen- 
Cably necefiaiy' f»r the pubic fervtct, 
that t(ie Diredburs t>f tlie Bank t»f EugUnd 
fl^ui&M fur bear illbiug ^iny tafh in pay- 
ment, until tlie fcofo tj Failianient Citn be 
taken on that fubjcA, and the pi oi^er mea- 
fbrei adopted thert-ou, for niaiiUAinii^ tbe 
iMai $ of circulation, and fuiipMrtiMg ttte 
puhhc and commercial credit of tlie king- 
dom at thi§ impoitant coujup^ire. And it 
ii ox^rrd that k copy u£ this minute I o 
tranfmiuisd to (^ Direct fis of the B^ink of 
EogUudi au4 tny are h««[«by rt4|aiied, on 
the groutidi of m exigency of the ca(e, U> 
cenform thereto uiud the tente ot P.iriia- 
iftent can be t;iken a^ aforeiaid. 

(Si2^ieit> W. FAVfKZMa." 

The pieambii 10 the new Poor Bill 
Hiites, that it is beeoroe n%.el1ary to 
aiwod aini enforce the laws for the re- 
iief» iotbroAipDy and employment of tl)e 
poor, to fhyirove their cooditioa and en- 
fu're a moi^ eomfoi table maintenance, and 
fupport, of :hem and Uieir families. 

Claufii I. An^ fatlier havbig rotMe 
two childien, or widow having more than 
one cbildff being entitled to the bbuetii of 
the bA,< iball have fuch weekly allow- 
ance, not left .than if. for each child> aa dii*e^ed by ihia adt IL Any poor 
perfp'n entitled, Uc, auL being able to earn 
the fu)l rate of uuiai wafics» which not 
being fuflicierit to i:ip|)art bis or her fa* 
rally, the deficiency fhall be made up from 
a paro^iyl fund, without being compelled 

according to the form annexed, with nilea, 
orders, Jtb. VI I • llie Allowances to be 
the fame as tliofr eflahlifhtd fur friendly 
focieties by the 33d of tlie prefeot King. 
VI 11. By the 43;! of Elixabetb, and many 
other fubfequenl.a^ fur the Kbef of the 
P9or, provifions have beep made for fet- 
ting the poor to work, and inftni^ion of 
childrtn ui (chools of induAiy 1 tlie fame 
are ainhrnied, and two jullices of tlie 
dijtriti are to be appointed to the quarter 
feilions to attend them, and put the regu* 
LitKNif into eife^. 1 X. Quirter feffions to 
appoint viiktors of the po(T : — Members 
of Parliament, juAices of the peace, pei^ 
Uwi in holy <>riteif, itc. tic. are eligible to 
be appointed. X. Paridies may unite to- 
grthcr to defray tlie cftablilhment of 
fchools of iodullry, or for any purpufes of 
thisaa. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVh 
aiHl XVII. relate to the condu^ of'fuch 
fchools i»f indultry, and tbe regulaiion of 
th: levcr.l ttoufes foe acconunodatiog 
the poor people. XVII I. ho poor per- 
fnn who Ihall refufe any worki or to re<- 
ceive inftru^ion for exrcuting it, or IbML 
refufe to permit his family to tie inf^rudt- 
ed, (ball be iutitled to have relief. X\X* 
tu XXXI X. are all rrguUtiOns refpeAiog 
the houfes of irululiry, the mode of their 
government, the mode of purchafing UodSf 
ilie qualificatioos of tbe guaidians, &c. 
XL. All ele^ioiis of guardians to be mads 
by ballot, by the major part of the aAin^ 
viTitOfs of the dillriAs. XLI. Ho perfon 
to be eleded a guai\!ian, unlefs he fiiali 
be qualified to he an eleilor of a guardian# 

to be employed upder the aiitbotity of to have an eftate freetud4l or leafehotd, of 

this a^t The 'parilh fo adi'anciug tlie 
money to fuch perfon liot having a legal 
fettkroeot to be reinibttrfed> i^e. by the 
parifh to wbom.fuch poor perfon aetually 
belonip. III.. If it IhaU jippeai: that iqch 
f frfon }V(^j| ^.-Uie .pomftis of a «oW| 

one hundred a year clear, or be lieir-ap- 
parent to an eAaie of one hundred a year. 
LklU All tlie lawfc now in force relating 
to tiie poor, except they are exprefaly 
aUcredj, or are repujpiant to Hiii aA, fhaU 
be ami cootioue in nrco* 

•▼ok LXVLp. tiV4. Col. Rbh. Ridaeli 21. jn^f Arnold Wallhgw, efi). of 
nBtal Che gallant foldicr and the foMier'i * theK«4li}!exfllftitia,toMifiA.M.0ardbiu 

fitoiid ; Im tvai 1 man of mdft refined no- 3<^ Afez.imttr M'JCeoti^, t\q. of Ber* 

tlantcif hnnoor and morality, and <»r the neH-flrtet,toMtfiiPiper,ofCo(ytaii-hu*lb. 

moll dMbift benevnkmee. Tie brave c8. Ac Bath, W. Jiihnrh>n, e^. to If ifii 

cofnaaander, under whom he fbbghe and GI i«l«ian«t, daaghtef fff C<>U O. 

Kaheid and a|«flaiided h4 e^a- />tr«^. Mr. ^'orbei, tUtlt fiM of Sif 

duA ; and his graciom Ibvereigii wjis pl^a- Wm. P. \mrt, hanker, hi • CdinhuTgh, te 

fad fb promoltt him Co the rank of hti^ Mif^ Selfchet, ekleft cran. of Sir Juhn Jl. \tL 

^Miwgeneral f a mark of hfinonr whch By fpcctal licence, ai SteT>h#il^ gretny 

hit furviving fri^% bur which I>tiMin, Qik, Thomas B miu ir Bj . o( Oun* 

He hved noi to enjoy, having m the inter* g^ calrfe, eo. Meuth, to Mffs fV-ancet Ba* 

Tal f.>Uefi a facnAoa lo that all-devk>arinr re9ff>rd,dta.<<hitGijii:ethr Abp ofToam. 
JNcafe, thr yellow lever, ««ii the \ti>> of fti 1. The E^irl of Wefhneafh, totr'Hif 

■OftobeTy in the prime of a 1Kb, whxh ver, EHe be*h lffour«, eldcft daughCbr uf dko 

i^aftimated by the mof^ a6Kreexcrc*te of E^^ <^ Drr»g)ietl:i. 

JB Uie relative duliesy niighc virtu jlly be ' 6 At Lttcl*- HorAod, the Itight Hon. 

termed old age. Loi'd VifenvnK Montague, t(i Mifs FhMicei 

II Mail by,' feco»«d^ d«>nghrer of the lata Thtv^ 

Bmras. M. eiq. nf Bo'dv-haH, EfTez. ' * 

7««.TN Ui^pnrBrook.Areet, Vifeountefs 'O- Ai Ch.*:ham, Cape. C Cofin'mf- 
14 1. CbMtii, a fon. < ham, of htf Mxjeftt'^ (hip Clyde, Co Mm 

17. At Algarkirke, o. Lincoln, the f'mby, a dangJiCrr of CommiiBaner PL 
wife of Che Rev. Basil Ber'tlge, a fqfi- I^- Robeit Norman, efq. of Canooa- 

2a. At Jerley, tho ivife of Dr. Heriot, a ftn»t, to Mifs Ewart, of Gniwer-ftreec. 
Ibn. Its By fpecial licence, <Cbe B»n. Mr. 

■ 2J. At Edinburgh, Lady Donne, a Ton. Doi*das, fun iif Lord D. Co Lady Ciirdlino 

20. In Barch* lomev-lane, the wife of BaMidtrk,dai«.(«f rlie Dukeitf St. A!batf*S. 
<R. Dciwn, efq, banker, of her 1 9th child. * . ^ ■ 

31. In Otofter-plicej tbe wife of Jobn Dearnf. 

Hi>mbf. cffq afini. 1.79^ A ^ 'Calcnc^^ inSengal, aftara 

Lmitfy, At Tickencbre, the wffe of J. -Wy^-xTL ^^ ^^ illnefc, Sir* Jattica 

Wir\g(M4d| e^q. a daughter. Watfon, kr. one of thifr jm'ges of the So- 

jM: I. Ac the Admiialty, tbe Righl pr«rme OosrC of Jadknaie. SirJamMWai 

Ho«k Lady Horatio 'Seymour, a fan. * the fan of a ^reftyterian ihififHer, Vha 

fn Gi^cnti (Iner, the wife of Richard waa for many feari coAneiaed wfch a coA* 

}ofpph Sullivan, rfq. a fon. gregafion Of Piocofhiof ^itfetttlDrs, in Cho 

In Quatrn'i fq^^rA, tlie wife of Jamaa bumgh cf Sfntfhwark. He waf ^duca- 

Sivei^ cfi|. a faip.' led for the miuiftry» ac Ihe academy ^ 

d At WaldeHha/e, near Dorer, the Mile- End nndcr the care of Dr. CoiMit 

C*axat«4Si of GOiMford, a daoghter. and Or. Walker. VE^hen bis acaJeoiteai 

7. InMowland-flreei,Mrt.PkCtnK^,aiaci. i^liei isart completed, he ietllod with a 

B. The Coontrft df Bclfa((, a fon* congregation at Bv^^tyn^ ant^ oftciacid 1^ 

In Norfolk Areet, the wijfa rf Thoroai fait>9 year' aa itt |UHbc. He there marrM 

BooltAn, efq. a fiin. a young lady of good fortune^ eiUier in pof- 

9. In Bortington-tlraal, Hie wife of Ri- faAxi or expiation, ibbooc the iM^ 

diard Cralk, efq- a fan'.' Cinie he eol^ted himfelf at one of tht iflOt 

The wif« (tf Geoi^e-Hcni^ Rofa> ef«. tlf coi>rt, abandooiBd tbemitiifhy, aiiddl^ 

M. P. for Soothamptitft, a fm ai d heir. - Voted hinilMf to tho ii^ff of the Ikw. Ka 

If. In P.ill.mW», the Right HoiL Coan> waa, in doe cqorfa, admiire'd a barriftflr» 

tefe Temple, a (on. ' received ft di^ma \4 KMkar of Lai*% af|d 

12. In Upper Breok-flreet, GroiVemr- wa^cbofati a feOow ''of th^ Royal Socie^. 

fqraiei the wife of Ed#ard Beefton Loi^» In ihf exofrciie of his profvffioh. he tnnmr- 

d6|. a daughter. ' ^ ifed f he \^ftern circoic, an^ in ^enfe^MMI 

In Baker- ftreb^ the lighe Hon. Lady wat chofen recorder off the boppMflv of 

Rodney, aferk Alport) and, abbot the eomnencemenf 

' Ac Birbiiry, tbe wife of Abraham Homey of Mr. P.m*s aUminiflirationj its rqpjnffiui* 

efq. a fan. tative :o pai liamenf. His politics and 

15. The wife of Ssmnel lifeit, efq. of thofe of bit coftft^ituents were then in onjk 

Edbn, CO. Northampton, a fan and heir. f***** Ke^ ho%vever, reaiftiaifldd hit i0» 

!■ tachmen«a)M-. ?iflhmf afforYiU coad^ 

MiiaaiAoit. t'aini*> wrre led to entenaiil ki ailA*ioiif- 

Tml T7 DW ARD Shepbeid, efq. of Oley, able opinion tioth of him and of his mea* 

^ tTj ciow GktaceRer, to Mifi Darke, fm** Mr- Warfoft (who h^ liean ap^ 

•< B<iadoiH' cow Woixafler. pointed d ferjeant) dj|edted h|f liean to 

lE WUKamWyldt; e^ of SMrthirtll, the Supranie ftowt' in fadia, add kog 

50 Miis Edwafdi. alj^knii l)^ tte "!#»#> >^ I0 tha 

^64 Ohi$$unry§frimi{riaikPirfiHS\witkBhirapbkaIAitdHii.^^^^ 

purfuit of this objoA he was ver^ zealous in 
li^sendeavoi)rs to aUradt lunice at tl^e India 
Houfe, and uniformly devoted to the fup- 
port of minifterial moarures. Upon tlie 
if eath of Sir yv* Jooes, to whom he muft 
have proved a very unequal fucc^flbr, he 
was appointed to'the office of juilge ; hut 
he .died immediately after his arrival at 
Ca'cott^. What was the true caufe of his 
death has not yet be6n afcertained ; but the 
event was very unfortunate to a large iami- 

Capt. James Hamilton E6wwrd%f of bis 
MiijeOy's 53<l regiment. 
- At Martintco, Capt. George Hamilton 
M'^ntgomery, of the 14th regiment of lighc 
dri)g()ons only fofi of Che late Lieutenant* 
colonel M. rf Newton. 

/it the Bahama iflands. Col. Podmorey. 
of the Royal Chefter Blues. 

A^. ... ^t Martinico, Capt. Squireji 
of the Marines ; whiph corps has fof- 
t^^ined in him the lofk of an excellent and 

l/i that depended u\xm. the atuuiment of valuable oflicer j fociety. an ingenious and 

an ohjeA whiC) he had long purfved. 
His.pra<5lice in il^b ccuniry was nevfr vofy 
coofiUerable ; oikI as hp had reafon ti> ex- 
pe6l the oiTice of judge when a vacancy 
occurred, he probably never paid much at- 
tention to it. ^is ^bihties were neither 
hiean nor d:i^inguifhed. He never 

accomplifhpd member ; and private friend- 
ih'P will long jh^ive to lam«:nt.the death of 
a fiucere, difinterelted, and *atihful friend. 

At Kfartinico, William Ker, iuii. of 
I^ertleM, lieutenant and paymafter of the 
26th 1 ght drngcions. 

At her feat near th* abbey, Town Mal- 

very adkluous in his application to bufinefs. ling, Mn:. Elizabeth Brooke, widow of 

Having one object ni vi«:w, he labour- 
ed to attain it, by entering, on all occa- 
iions, with ardour, into India politics, and 
by an uniform fupport of thu meafr.res of 
iidminiftrat^pn. His natural difpofuion 
was amiable ; and he appears to have been 
iincerely lamented at Calcutta. 

Af«5> . . . -Aged 40, -on his "oyage b.»ck 
to Madras, from the Cape of Good Hope, 
whither he had been as a fupercargo, Mr. 
John Stevens, formerly a linen-draper ih 
Oxford-ftreet, London, but of late years 
in partnerlhip with his younger brother, 
^r. Thomas S. at Madras. 

j^g. . • . At Jamaica, Qapt. Gordon 
Foibesy of the 131I1 light dragoons only 
fon of ifhe late George F. efq. of Calcutta. 

Sept. 10. At Jnnaica, James Riddochj 
efq. of Montego>bay. 

jofepn'B. efq. f^rmeily recorder of the 
city of Rocheder, who died fan. 27, 1792. 
51»c was niece o( A.iron H '.rringfon, of 
Hook-pbce, in SouthAeer, Kent, efq. be- 
ipg the daughter of his filter, Sarah*H. by 
Mr. Samuel Ruffcll; both wliich bi other 
and filter are btiried in the church of 
SnuthHeet, and whi^h place (he inhTited 
from her unfle Mr. H, He was nepliew 
and heir at law to Francis Brooke, of 
Tuwn Mailing, efq. and died in March, 
17^2. Alicia, the yonngell 4ai>gbM^ u£ 
the faid Francis, married John iCenwAi^, 
of Yalding,efq. who died i749» by whom 
(he had Martha, only daugiiter and heir, 
wjio, in I "5*, married Sir JohiT Shaw, 
bart. whofe fon. Sir John Shaw, hart, 
r^iarried, 1782, a filter of the Right Hon. 
Lord Monfon. The e^ate, and a. very 

25. In the idand of St. Chriftopher, the c^nfid u..ble fortune,. defpend, bv the will 

Hon. Archibald Efdaile, president of tliat 
iQand, mailer in chancery, -judge of the 
admiralty, and (in the abfence of M^^jur- 
fBO. Leigh) commander of the Leeward 
iflands. " - ' 

29. At Antigua, where he had been for 
Come month?: on acctiunt of his liealth, bis 
Excellency Henry Hamilton, efq. governrr 
of the ifland of Dominica, an othce which 
he'* filled with greit :«bility and integrity. 
The adminiftration «( the colony, till a 
fuccelTof to him (bitll be appointed, de- 

of Mrs. B, at her death, to the Rev. Juhix 
Kcnward Shaw, A. B. rt^'V of Eltham, 
and only brother o£ Sic John, the prefent 

baronpt. - 

IT. At St. KiitV, of the yellow fever, 
it; bfis 17th year, Mr. Henry Mathews, of 
his Majefty's Ship Ariadne. He was a 
yonrg man of the molt engaging manners, 
anive fpirit, and pronufi-'g abdities. His 
amiable difpofitioo had epdcared him to all 
tbe lliip's company, and made a lafting 
imprertion on all who knew him. He 

volves on the Hon. J<»hn Matfon, his Ma-- died »hi the third day aft^r he had been ap- 

Vefty's ctnef juftice and judge of the Com ^ 
of Admiralty in that ifl<iiul, whofe able 
and upright condudt in difcharging the 
duties of ti>ofe important ofllces has long 
been afuuice cf great fatii^fa^ion tn his 
Majclly's fu^jedis in that colony. [A/r. 

pointed acting lieutenant to the Terror 
bpmb, \vhere he caught the infection, 
which deprived the fcrvice of a mpft meri- 
torious young officer, and his parents of 
one of their deareft comforts. 

29. At St. Helena, Capt. Tho. Hodgfon, 

M*tfon*t Jp€icb to the Council and Houfe cf of the £a:l Cornwallis 
AJfemhly of Domimcat and their addrejfes to Dec, I. At Cape Nicliola Mole, in St. 

Ljm^ on thii occafikn, Jhall he given in ouf Domingo, Major Winter, of the marmtis. 
r.ext.\' 15. In her 66th year, Mis. Aunc French, 

'30. At Fort George, Martinico, Capt. wife of Mr. F. farmer and graiier, 

lolm Graham, of tbe 79th regiment^ eldel^ of Slaufton-lodge, aliat Holthorpe, and fif-r 

iln of Mr. William G. Greenock. ter to Mr. John Meadows (fee p- 165). 
(?A. .., At M(iriw Roig^lc, Sl,VwccofS| 24. At Zdinbursh, o£.ii (ever, Johix. 

'**•'" . . . MacLauriiu 



IfadHriOy Lvrd Drtghorti^ one of ihp afporagni for th« hixvion market, and h«f 

tnman of the coUefls. of jtiftlce. Hia* been knowo^ to- reoetvo 300I. ioonedi^ 

kmUbip^wif bora ai Edititwntby^'Dec. 15, for this article in Coveht-ganlon. 

a neoi^^of Che hevky of a. In ber 7ad yen:» Mre. MoMey, rtA\€t 

advocates in 17561 a^U was proraoced to of che Uce Mr. R. M. of Suffiilktftree^ 
a leat on the bench Dec. 289 17S71 aflo- Birroingham. 

■ynfton Uvt occaiiua^ in oonfuiatice yrith 
eftaUvihed onitooD, the tklr^f Lot^ IVeg- 
hfiRiy aa eklate hokies'tag to him in this 
cooDty vf Midlothian. Hft'roniaios were 

interred in che Orayfrierif ^hurch-y-^ttl at drew** hookfellfr. 

^At Doddefton farm, near BirminghaAi^ 
i>Scd 7^, after a fepg and tedtoos illn^fl^ 
Mr«. WiMba. ' "^ 

A^ WorcsWy agod 841 Mr. Etias AiU 

Edinburgli, in che ipoc wbero waf depQ* 
filed the body pf his facher« Colin Maciau- 
im^ tfae-weU knoi^a proldlor of mathe- 
matick's in die oiueerScy of that ci(y» 
wfiole monuraenc bear^ the loUowring 
tnfcriacionf^Wiicten by hit Uan, now do? 

^ « H. S. E. 

Colin MaclauriNi 
mathel'. olim in acadi Bdin. prof. 
e!e^5 ipfo Newtoho faadente, 
noo ut pateroo numini confulaty 
nam tali auxilto nil eget,' 
fed ot in hoc iufelici campf>, 
^ uhi ioAus nsgnam et pavor. 

Mortalihoi prorfus nan ^n folatium^ 
hujus e'nim f'-iipla evolve, 
mentem tantarom rerom capacen^ 
corpora cadoco fuperftitcm pede. 
Nat. 1698, 
» ob..i746." • 

This learned pro(effor married, July 8, 

Mr*. Anne Wdmor, one of the danghterr 
of the late Edward Wilmo^ efq. of Spoif* 
don, near Derby. 

3. At Sr. HelierS Jerfey/ol an ipa* 
plexy, Dr« Chandepie. 

At Boyiidie, the Right Hon. Lady Cfir 
tliarine Booker. ^ 

Mr. Bolos, one of Che oldeft inhabitaotii 
of Worcefter>ftreet, Birmingham, and ma* 
ny venr^headle of the old roeeting-honfe^^ 

At Tividole, a|ed 76, Mrs. Mary Cox. 

Aged 87, Mrs. Hodges, wife of Mr. IC 
ginger, of WoTceiler. 

5. At fea, on his paflCige from New 
Y(»rk. Mr. Jolto Kennedy, of Kirkcudfnighr. 

6. In his 92d year, Mr. Benjamin Gran- 
ger, fteward to the corporation, and one 
of Che oldeff bnrge^es, of Derby. ' 

8. Parick Cpiiklbank, efq. of Strack* 
athn>. ' 

II. In the New town, EJingbiirgh, Sir 
SamuelEgerton Leigh, fecbnd fon of Che 

1733, ^im^, t'anghter of Walter Siew^rt, late S^r fgerton L. b^irt. his Majefty's at- 
efiE|. advocate, his Maje(ty*s folicitnr ; by tomey-general of Somh Caivlioa. 

whom he had one daughter, B.- rbara, born 
Nov. iz, 1735, ^^ oneic^, p>hn, ahove- 
mentioned. Lord Drcghorn diftiaguifbed 
kirofelf while at the bar by a learned and 
elaborate information Jbr Mungo Camp- 
bell, officer of excire,'accufed of fhe mur- 
der of Alexander earl of Eglintoun.{ and 
be publiihcd a qnartp' yotome of criminal 
caies. A fpr^btly little piece, now very 
Icarce, called ^ The Philofoplier's Opera,*^ 
is fdid to have. proceeded from his pen; 
and he was author of a differ tacioit, to 
prove that Troy was not taken by Che 
Greeks,, in the Traniadions of the Royal 
Society of Edinburgh. Lord- Dreghorn 
married Miis Efther Canningham, a near 
relation of Lord RofiTmore ; l^y whom he 
has left two fons and nne daughter. Colin 
Maclaurin, now of Dreghoin, the elded 
kpi, entered into the focuby of advocates- 

28)» In his 24th, his Royal Hif^hnefs 
Prince Frederick LouiscClurle* , td fon of lady 5 Jays previous to her death; buttha 
his Pruflian Majeity, bom Aug. 3, 1773. violence of Che fho^king calannity continued 

I797« yiM. .... Aged about 70, Mr. a few hours only. Tlie dog was killed. 
Richard AdaiAs, gardentr, at Baft Sheen, Ac Lyncomhe, near Bath, after a lonk 
in Surrey, who cultivat^ 40 4^ acres of and painful ilinefe, Ethelreda'CheAer, the 
"' wife of Major C. late of the 35th regiment, 

* Mr. Lyfons (" Environs of Loudon," and 5th daughter of the late Henry Scymer; 
TeL IV.) lays 36 acres 1 but the exrcotnra efq. of Hanford, DorfeC. Thofe who knew 
af fanner Adam, in cheir advertilftmenC her beft bment her moft. She has left 
of the fale of his e£&6ls, fioce his deaihi two fons and a dabghter. 
|btetbeq[waiCH|r-it4o»Bnii . i4 Ata;Qo|diMi| ifi^. of Utterfonrtf. 

At College -green, Briftol, aged 669 
Mrs. Mary MiUigen Johnilon, a native of 
CharkftoMrn, Sotfth Carolina, and wife o€ 
George M. J. efq. of Corhead, M.D. for* 
merly furgeon-general to all the garrifbot 
for his Majetly's forces in South CardUna 
and Georgia. 

12. AfBalmhroogh,inNorthanberian^ 
aged 40, Mi^ Cokayne, wife of Mr. C. 
furgeon to the difpenfory eftablifhed hf 
Lord's tryftees at that -place. 

At Tongland M^infe, the Rev.Wai;Roto« 

In his 76th year, Mr. John Meadows, a 
rej^utable aod refpe^able fanner :ol Med^^ 
honvn ; who brontrht up a hrge'family to 
honeft induftry. (See p. 1 64). 

15. At Bath, aged** 3 years; «nthe dread- 
ful aprnnies of the h^dDphobia, the daogh« 
ter uf Mr. Newcorohe. She was bitten by 
a terrier-dog on Chri(\mas-day laft. Sym« 
ptoms appoired of the virulence of the ma^ 

l6(} QHHtwrf§/rmmrkMPirfiHtitmihBi^^ikMldiiuitUs. [FtK 

l8. At^Ur. FuwIer'St at Batbeiiaa, .Sur« th»t pined hun th« •ftcew ef hb mailers, 

Tty, in her ft4th jc^r, Mn. Holhcail» iai« amithcaffiftinnof annniarowtcquainuitce. 

«f Low LeytoQi ^fibx. At the ipanfe of Ecckti in hit 71 ft year. 

In h«r i4ih yetr^ at Bsriey-hoitle, tt^ the Ritv. A<Um Mu^rayi miuiftttrof that 

0>u>)teiii of £xeter. TheE^rlof Cicttr pshih* 

feing, in the year r79T» divoi.ced froni hif ^ At Moulfey, in Surrey, in hie totb 

Ibrft wife; he the f;une year married Die year* Om Fcv. John Th•lm4^y D D. h-Am-|iy> MfilHiiegins, who, by virtue of St. Peter'i, ^ornlull, nuire ihui 51 

4nd goodr-efs, mnre thaqiupplied the want years, and 64 yeais- minif^er <if Moulfey. 

«f high hirth and l(»r(une. She had, juft Tiie {>alr(tna|ie << Sl Petei S is in (tifpoie 

Wfrire her death, heen delivered of bar ketw«en the C»urt of Aldermen and the 

1^ ciiild. (See LX VI. 1 1 13). Court of Common CounciL 

At Shefheld-fdjice, SiUTeXi in her 33d At B.tth, Mrs. Mary I^ed, on^y fur- 
year, Lucy Lady Sheffield, third daughter viving fiiler nf the late Ambrofe J. oC 
•^TtHianasLord Pelhami and fecond wife Edkin, ca Northaiaptao. 
rf tiord S. to whom A^.e was married At &tth, the .Rev. £. Armflr'^nfff 
DKemher a^* 17 94* Hi^ firft lady died pntlor of tlie ouxxgi^atien of ProteiiUat 
April 3, 1793- — ^^^-^ R^'^ ^1^» whoio Dilfunteis. 

Ktort and jnuXa were ever open to generous After an illnef« r>f eight day it, »t his houfe 

benevolence, had been long Ul, and only ne3r Fitzmy-ilquare, Mr. &Mm(b<irmigh 

lurvivvd lier brother (»ne day. (Seep. 84). Dap(»nt, (fan of a fiAer <ff the late ct-le^ 

* At Riding, CO. Beiks, aged 45, the hraied pointer of the firft nsme, who 

Hon- and Rev. VVillinm BriMniey Cadogan. dted 17S3.) 

De w;is ad fon of Charles Sioane, present. At Kelfo, Scotland, Mis. Hannah Brora- 

er }d. Lord Cadogan, by Ejiaabeth, elideft field, wife of Lieiiteiiaiu*col. B. of Uatftu^* *■ 

•d^i^hter and co-heir of Sir Hans Sioane, ton Mains. 

Hthosonvryed to him the manoj and rec- At Fd;nburgh, Hyndford Cihfon, onntfi'' 
tcry of Chdfea, bought 1747. He was of fon of Mr. VVm. Q. merch. of Soui4i Ih idge. 
CI) rift church, Oxford, where he proceeded >tr. Rmwiey, of ilie Londoo cofhre- 
jyf . (i. 1 776 I re6tor of 3t. Luke*S( CheUea^ houfe, Lndgau-hill. 
1775, *" ^^^ patron:^e ni I^rd Cadog^m as At his Imufe in Tiviftock-ftreet,' Bed- 
lard of the mwnor \ vic^r »f $t. Giles's, ftird-fqnare, Mr. Percy, a wortlty c^^irac^" 
iiea4>'*S> i" ^b® Crown, 1775 ; and ctiap- ter\ and of C4«nfideraht« muAcaitaler^^'* 
lain to Lnrd Cad(»gan. He printed a fer^ 2;. Mrs. Birch, wife of Mr. IL cnach- 
mon on the death of Mr. Romaine» 1795 makrr, Great Qoeen-ltreet, Unculn's inn- 
(fee our vol. L3C^. p. 76a}; tiheity and fields. 

^Huality, two ferrauos, 1793 (LX^I, At Gre^^t Yarmouth, co. Norfolk, Mr. 

^7) \ ^d a Lctlei to him thereon (UCl V. Gci»rge H1V17, merchant. . 

1032), Mrs. Yerbiiry, wife of jolio Y. efq. of 

.AiCaHlemilk Scotland,SirJahnSiuart,br. Clapham cummoa. 

19. Sceph. Martin Leuke, tiq. of TtK>rpe In Margaret- ftreet, Mrs. Hunmfireys, wi- 

hil , CO. li'.tex, one «vf tlie iicputy-iegii^ei-s dow • f rlie laie Wm. U. af<|. of Llwyn. 

r| thr Cpui I if Cliancci y. He was fun of Tlie lufani chthl of |otin Drommond, efq. 

S* M. L. Ciaruicieux King uX Aims, au« At h«s father's hnufe in Loiighhoniugbt 

tlyv of the Life of Sr |ohn Leake. 17s. t in his xoih year, Mr. Wm. Adams; a 

And an IliConcal Acciivul of Ei'.gli(b Mo* youth whofe amiahlo difpoiiftioo and plea- 

Hty,. 1 7^6 aud 1 74 5, ivv^. He w:«s fee of fiftg nunneit makeiiis Kiisiieverely regretted. 

S. Kf wiio inherited the eikate fri'Oi a dau. S2. At Sydliog houtc, co.Dor{et, in Imt 

irf Sit John Le«ke. Silt year, Mrs. Smith, motheiof Sir Jnha 

At her tr other's, at Terlinp, Mrs. Elita- Smith, b^t. of th^t place. 

I>eth Gi>vver, frh^ of Or. Fouik G. phyA* |n 01d-ilroet,Mf^Fran.Jef{eriev brewer, 

pon,^ CKelmsfrrv*, Eit- x. . . At Bow> nfter a fhort dlnefs^ Mr^ Va- 

Aged 7?i Mk'. Thomas Hardy, of Uorw che1,.wilc of ^moel V. efq. - 

bliogt CO. L'.ncoln. AtCanicrhury^ in hit 57tii year, Mr. 

At Tmihtrlau't, en. I.ircoln, ."^ged 73, Samuel Jcdi.n(i:|iy fotmerl^ & Uncnrdraper 

Mr. loJU) iXil?, of R«igby, aw Warwick, in tlk.t c^ty. 

weU known as -^ ctitrpoCfir of ;ifUh«ms4M4 34. At Ha»row on ibe ttill» Mrs. Thae* 

«iher facred n.m'Kk. He hitd }*iit p«ilw kerHy, rehtl of ti>e 1^^ R«v» Off. T. arch* 

Iifhed a n^ufi cat pieces caliei*, **Thef*rft deacbti of Surrey, ami redVir of Haydon 

$al>^ath/' taken ^c m ** Pw.uli(e Left;" andChift:miU cow kU^, fifter of the Hon. 

afld ha& tuft in MS. ' wo ant< eaaa, cne a Mn. Bufcewen (iea p. St)« and mother of 

th^nkrgiving f(ir pt:ace, the ot&ier a mar* Mr. Tbomai T. of Caml^dge, and other 

riage a»th«m. duUlrto. 

At Tim- ^b]t, the Caal of C^eorge Cary^ At Fentonvilie, rged 4», Rich. BeatT« efq. 

or(|. ia his 84th yiar, Edward Seagel, whf> On Richiwii.d hill, Comsic^of Wtgunn. 

fer 50 y«ars l.aii bU«dtl:epljC4olhin4iQ At the Friety in i JdifteW, isither 31ft 

that familf with ai» bgaci^ aaA intnrity yeari jtHnr « mA paiiM aoi Ungwing 


1797*1 0^ihisrffrimsriahtgPirf4miwhbBi^grkphUgJA/ieeJ9iit. 167 

illodst whuii fiis-bnrt with the vtqnoft gnKhed himfelf fpr tlitt pcnecrtttion, tha^ 
tattHado and ff«lignaiton» Mrs. Jolm Nor- judgementt anJ thoib gsiicMd abilitiev 

\nmjf wifo ol ihe Rev. J. G. Korlxiry, rec- 
CtH- 4if Sr. Albau'sy Wi«Oil-ib«ec» nnU one of 
t(»e prebeiuUries of ilie cHliedrAl cliutch in 

Aged jiy much refpeded by his ac- 
qiuintAnc% the Rev. Tbnmas Oluk>w, cu- 
i^e of Tilcpn onthc; Hill, co. Leiceiter. 

At Cdinhurghy m licr 84th yrar, Mrs. 

At Stonehaven, Mrs. Kath. Richard Con* 
Tt\\£t %ti the cleveafed John R. efq. Lie of 
Haugtis, of Grange. 

34. At Camberwcll, in his 35th year, 
Mr. William Thoraton, TaiiLey-nterduuic. 

At Lady Gardner's! Poi tland-place, the 
- infant daughter of John Cornwall, jun. efq. 

At Stauiitoo, in h«r 70ih* Mrs. 
Enoma Ctuirltoo, daughter of the late Job 
C. ^. many >ears m.F. tor Newark. 

John Ctrpeiiteri efq. of Tavytoo, near 

25« Mr. George Rullell, jun. of the Old 
■Baraf*heu(ey Chriftchorch, Surrey. 
4 III Cumberland -gardens, VauxhaUJofeph 

whicii enahleil him Ui open nevir fourceS vt 
commerce with feveral i4 the Ai-ft mer«- 
cantile cities in kprope. To Wis \v ofpeA ci 
fitccefs the war pieferHed a roeiancholf 
obliicle; but the exsrcife of his a^ilttiee 
mufl have at laft raifed him to the fii it emt- 
nencr, had not Death arrefled his career 
while he was yet in Uie prime of life. 
Hi» great object was to untie public benefit 
with private advantage i bat the foinier 
ofun claimed Jits firik c<»Afuicraiic»n. To 
his exertionf, founded o-i this proi ipU^ 
England oues th« pruudcLt day, confidered 
in all its circumftances, that this ccntorf 
ha« wiinefleil— the vi^ory of Admiral Rod- 
n -y on the ixih cif April, i:8i. Aware 
of the ilown«f!iof contraAors, Mr. F. cliar- 
tered two fliips \vith pruvifions fur th« 
Bintifh Ami. They cume c.> St. Lotia oa Cli* 
7th of April, and en-ibled Roi'ney to fgi- 
low De Graife with fuch I'lgnal i^dvantagiu 
Mr. F's ardent defire to Crve ki» cuuntij 
w.-is aot always fo (uccefsful. Hiving ia« 
telligence dup'rg this war, that an espedi« 

Bootbp efq. the ingenious inventor of the tion w as in agtCaiion to j>^iD the Koy^lite 

polygraphic art, and of the O'ore important 
art ul nianufa^uriog doth by apeiCe^tly 
original pnctfs. 

At Packingtiin, co. Warwick, the infant 
t0*t» of the Earl and Ciiuotefs of Ay Us&>vd. 

Mrife Cheales, reiia of the Rev. \Vm. C. 
redtor of Thorp, near Newark^ and of 
Wickerby, co. Lincoln. 

Mr. Jarmaoy hofier, Pilchergate, Kot- 

26. At Knightlbrldgc, Robert Edmonds, 
«fq. of the Aiuiuity«uffice, in his Majef- 
cy\ Excheqa*r. 

At Remithitown, aged 90, Mrs. Gihfon. 

At Sk^nqr, co budieland, the Right 
Hon. Hew Mackay,. f*x;h Lord Rexy, a 

near Granville^ he of&red, withont an in* 
tereded view, to the fecrctary nf a (bte* 
depSTtmenr, a plan, in puifa.<oceof which 
tite Engiilh force mu:* h^ve recited th# 
place of deO motion in |>roper time for tlisi 
attainment uf th4 object in view i but C!u9^ 
like mhcr ex|^dittons^was,detaiiied by ra- 
hous delays^ and the poor OMatfiHed Roy-. 
aliftt were cit to pieces l^' Ine Ropuhn* 
cans. But his tiiinfa^ionb at tiie Inditi* 
htHti'o hat^e hnmglii him firward Co ptihiic 
not:c<;. He had long aCTert^ chat, whife 
the old fliip o«vn«rs charged aal. a tita for 
building Eall-lnoiamen, 17I. wuuU at&irJ 
a fair^ profit, and fave the Comp-my iip»> 
wards of aoO|pccd. a ye;ir. Wearied 

p«cr of Scdbod. }hi lordlbip, zd (on of wiili his- perlev«ra:Ke, the Oircdorc, wh# 
Xknakly 4th Lord Reuy^ fuccecded his bro- #lBre at tliat time in the iritei ei^ of l\m 
therGeiMgey 5th lord, who diet! without (bip^owners, gave him perniilllon, an4 
male ilSise at Ruf«baiik, near Edinburgb, 9 feitleii timei to build two (bips. Hayii^ 
FcA*. a7> 17*^1 IB (itie ^nd elUte; but, coiitra^d with a builder, he h^d ilie mor* • 
hiiving been prenoi^fly declared to t>e in a tificaiion to find aU tbe flips on the coaiDI 
itiseoif idibCtim, ihe latter was put into eftg^ed by tite old (hip-ownet^, wh* 
th« handf of uuaiors. Py in^ without iltue, had determiaed to (hew the Miipoffibilii# 
tte peerage and lauded prupsrty devolve of dcfeotinf tbeit moiiopQly. He»at laA 
vpoQ his cottfin Mrmciip Erie Mackaf, of . found a creek on tlM coaft of Suffix adap^ 
SKibo^ aow yth IfOtJ Reay. ed to his purpofe. Here a new difficufc^ 

27. Ac tatb, J^hikFiotty efi). fMrchant aroCe. No fooner liad he madu difpofifioat 
of Loodofi. li the worth of an i adividual . for building on this fpoC, than all tbe tiai« 
Is to be tflimatdd by hit public fei vices, we ber within lo miles of it was hdikM- 
do not roflitfsber a Vis which calls more bought up bf his watchful rivals. Neci|« 
fvrcifaly iar public aAi^Mm. Of fuch a fity foppliftd w>th new n»od«s of as* 
wma h \$ uiiac«Bi!ary to draw a loog aod . ertioit He ordered tb* timbtr to be cut 
p o wp o os tbar^^r ; a fliDrt iket(h of fi «o dowa whtie itc^uld be feondt loMf 
ef ibt tftivipanaqf hislife wiRcdnvey a. hewn, ftubiooed, aod fealboed» on Ikt 
fafficieat idea df tbe objedt of out fritf. fpot^ and then brought to u^t fSsa^lhorv ta 
iCr. f aett wai bom ia the iHaad of Jerfey b^ fraxned in the aips. It is (omarkabtep 
of a fWpoftible family. Wi^i the coH' that the Fiench havm Uiely adqptcd (^ 
iiiKMMdorivod from thai Ubod he fettled iwie plaa, and builc their Ihip*' in tli* 
ia ldmi9m m a ifcerthaftf^. aaA^fryi diiUa*. woods: T»ch«ain«icta«ca.^tbaXrig%«* 

teSOUttuiryofrimaP'hili'Pirfini; tvifh Biip'dpUtal Jnkdita. [V^. 

ttVy and Xjo the chagrin of the old inters fV, 
the HartwteU and the Belvid.Te were 
Anilbed within the given time, and ap- 
proved by ihe Airveyors. It was nor, 
Kowever, till tJje 24* h if February, 1796^ 
that a grrat majv.ri y of the prnpriciors «f 
India Itock threw the Ihip-bnildirig t^^tttn 
to a foir compctitiof). It is univerfally ac 
knouledged cliat the liooour of iLat day 
was princip.'l}y cue to Mr. F. and his 
friend Mr. Henchman*.* The fame re- 
gVd to the ihtereft (A the Company made 
him expiefe tti^conctr i at tl-e lite arbi- 
trtry proceed II gs which compelled the 
Directors to prop -fe, , conriajy to their 
judgemci t furnially cxincKedy :he c'^a- 
bhthment of a mihtury depot m the lOct t.f 
Wight, and the payment i.f the intercft of 
the loan of two milhons to the en-f of tl e 
charter \ mea''ure«, whxh the gi>od ieMe 
of the proprietrts, impartia'ly fX|>tened, 
coald not hut rejei^. jt mult not he fnp* 
pofed fri»m this relation, that Mr F. u as 
a captious oppofer itf rlie menfure.s of Go- 
\^irnment. Accoid'og to t' e principles of 
a Jerfeyman, he had a fioc&rc regard for 
the Crown and C Kiflitut-on of this* coun- 
try } but was diie6lcd in his judgement Hy 
the raeaftires not by aicaihmerit to ilie 
perf(m», of Oateimrn. HvtA he been f^ic- 
cefvfi:! in his cinv^^ for Mario w, at the 
laft general eledtion, Jie would Iiare fuU 
ly proved the independence of his prini i- 
ples, and his high rtgard fur his Kiiig and 
Country, by his condnet in parliament! 
\Mi his ant.goniU \ias left without a rival 
IX d:4ysbefuie Mr. F. coulii liart j and 
thus (he nr^tuial anltccmticai ii;tcrell of 
Little Marlow ^ascief aicd hy ti.e in.iiiu- 
fadure at I empU Mili^. From tliel« par- 
ticulars an idea may hefoini^d of ^^r. r*s 
ch^radler. One tei^imony in w.^ f.ivur v^, lU 
appear decifive. On the- renewal t-t the ienfe 
of his houfe in Fcnchurch-ftreet, the C>m- 
miuee for let'nig il:e C|iy*s L.b *s unnni- 
moufly determined c!mc the reiiL (hould be 
lowrted, toexprefs their f»sri(e of the icr- ' 
vices which he had coiforred on the com- 
merce 'of his cofintiy. He mairiej, in 
1^81, Mff* Hairiet Lee, fiAerof Mr.. Lee 
. Anionic, Lite member for Mario w, aid 
graiid-dau§l.ter of the late Lord Chief-juf- 
tice Lee. She died in 1794^ leaving him 
7 children, tJ'.e eldell of whom is in his 
14th year. M. F. lived at Totieridge, where 
he built a houfe on tlie fue ot an old man- 
fton, which for maiiy ye:irs was the rtTi- 
dence of the Hare family, and afterwards 
of Sir Robert Atkins, K. B. lord chief ba» 
ron of the Fxchcquer. It was built by 
Robert Taylor, teller of Hie Exchequer in 
the reign of Elizabeth. It became forfeited 

* For the particulars of thi*: tm|)6rt:int 
difcuflion, we refer our readers to Mr. 
Fioti's <* Add reflet to the Proprietors of 
India Slock and t1ie Publick| 1795.*' 

^o the Crown for a debt, and the queen 
fiifd \t to Hugh H^ire, nncle of tiie fit ft 
Lot d Colranr. (Chaune^y 's Herts, p. 305 ; 
LyfiHik's Envir. of I^nd. IV. 41, 45, 46.) 

'At Rutterwick, in his 25th year, Mr. 
Robeit, an cm'nent farmer and gra- 
zier : whofe lois CO the poor will be fevere- 
ly felt. 

Mi's. Gardom, wife of Mr. Genrge G. 
of-Bibnell, near Balcewell, c«). Dertiy; and 
daughter of the Rev. Robert Barker, rec- - 
tor of St. Anne's, M.*ncheUer. 

28. At Marfkon-trufTel, co. Northamp« 
ton, in her 89th year, Mif. Arabella Ca- 
tharine Bnruell, ttlidi of Henry Barwell, 
efq. of the fame pi ice, who died April 24; 
17 '■5. She waft horn in Augu«, 1708; 
and was the eldeft daughter of Sir Krafmu/ 
Norwiciu late of Bramixon, near Din^ley, 
who w-a5 fucceeded in title and eftate by 
his fon Williano, \rh(» was the iaft baronet 
and m:de iffue from rhefoUcnving pedigree; 
T//S. " Norwich t^f Brampton, conu Nor- 
thamptonix, Sir Johr, knt,- created baronet 
July ?4, 1641. Thi^ family is defccqtled .. 
from K.ilph, Farl of Cambridge and Eaft"" 
Angles, a Biiion, who married the daugh- 
ter of Roger, Earl of Hereford. ' T.hii 
Ralph, Earl of Kafl Angles, /. e, Norfolk 
and Suffolk, with Roger, Earl of Hereford^ 
his- wi'cV father, op pofed King Wiltiam 
the Conqueior; but, in the end, bein^ 
brfie^^ed in the caflle of Delz in tiwiotlb 
oC his r(-igi>, was refctied by Flulip, tlicf 
Frcncii King, and fo fled into. Britain. 
Tlie wife of Ralph, in tire 3d of William 
th'j C'.-nquercr, for the better fafeguard of 
her, tfcd into the city of Norwich ;. ard, 
ben;;;; puifiied, was there befieged ;»nd en- " 
loicc . to ahjure tMc re:dm. They bnd if- ' 
fue two lont>, Roger and William. Roper 
Bip.or, t Licit fon of R.ilph, f lunded the 
mo ir.iUry at Thetfort^, married Adeisza. 
d.iughcer aud cn-tieir of Hugh Gr.iniroefli- . 
nel!: tnry had itfue Hugh. . Hugh fucceed- 
ed his father Roger, and was licw.trd of- 
th.e houfe to King Henry I. and .idvaiicrd 
anew to the Earldom of Norfolk ai:d Suf- 
folk by King Stephef. He married |uli- - 
an, C'litntefs of Ntn-folk, and had iffue 
Hti^h Ai:d Roger. Hugh, his eldeft fun, 
Earl of Norfolk and Suffolk, and fteward 
of the king's houfe, died without iffue. 
Roger, the fecond fon of Hug|i» focceeded 
liis brotlier Hugh in his honours and dig- 
nities, and was engaged in very honour- 
able employments under King Richard I. 
and Kingjulin; but, in the 17th of Johi!, 
he took p:trt with thebarom, and wasope 
of the 15 governors <rf the realm ; he mar- 
ried Ida, and had iHiie Hugh. Hugh fuc- 
ceeded his father Roger, was Easl of Nor- 
folk and SdfiiDlk, and was alfo earl m;u*- 
flial of England in right of his wife Manlde, 
(tlie eldelft daughter and heir of Wm. Mar* 
fliall, tlie elder Earl of Pembroke), by 
whon iie bad ifliie Rc^ger and Hogli< 


1797"5 OhUuary9fremarhHePirfiiiS\ with Blograpbical dnitdftei. ^fij 

k^gmry his eUeft ion, Earlcvf Norfolk and only daoRhter and heir of Richftr^ Chrif- 
Sufii^ky and carl niarihnl of £r\8Un<fy .tia»» of Harboreugh; by whom caitte di* 
mankd Ifab«l, dannthier tp WUliain and vect lanis in Harboroogh, Oreac Bowmen, 
fifter to MexatMierKuig of Scou, anddted Liok Sowdm, Great Oxeodon, Kel- 
WitlMMiC ifliie. Roger £tg«t, his nepliow marih, and <:bpftony in the oounties of 
(and (ion of his brotiier Nughf l^pnl chief LeioaAar and Nortliampton, iuul ifTue 3i« 
ju Aioe of EngUod), facowd c d him in hia moik Simon Norwich, fon of Simon (an* 
hoDourt and dignitiov, and married AgeU bom at ttw death of Ms fiKher), was found 
Iinf« daughter and heir of Pliilip Baflct^ by to be coofin and heir of Sir Richard Htik. 
wtjKun he had ifliae Joan, foan daughter of lie married the daughter of Richard Tun* 
Roger oiarried to — «- Mowbray. This .ftaU, and had iflue. The fourth lineal 
Roger Bigott Earl of Norfiolk and SufGolk, .defcent from this Simon was Simon lioiw 
and«irl nurlhal of Eoglaod anno 24 £d- wich,, foa of John ; he married Otum 
ward I. refufed to go in:o Gafcoine, tX" (daughter of Edward Griffin attorney- 
cepitiiekingweQt in perfon; w^erwtpon^ general to Qiieen MarT)> and had ifTua 
tho jkiog threatening to lung Jiini, he de- Charlec. Sir Charles Norwich, knr. fan 
pxtud the court, with Uumpfirey de Po- of -Simon, married Ann, daughter of Sir 
haa Earl of Hereford^ and raifed war Edward Watfon, of Rockingham^ 00. 
againft the king. (l-loiinHi. p. Sis).- Hif NorahamptoB, knt. had iflue Simor., Sir 
their mefinc, and ntheri, (lie greqi chtrter Staon Norwich, knt. fon of SirCharleSy 
and the cliirterof tlie foMls was coiiftrm- ■ mvried die daughter of Sir William WiU 
ekt« fat, in the ^oiti year of Edward I. looghby, km. had iffae |ahn. Sir John 
liaving fpent, in this contentioa agjiail the .Norwich, knt. ion of Sir Shnon, advanced 
king, his fiibftance, and be:ug called upon to tlie dignity of bai-onet the xyth of 
■kf John Bigot a clerk, hie younger brother, Charlet I. He married Anne, danghtbr 
whom he bad thought to make his heir (b^- . of Sir Roger Smith, of Edmondthorpe, co» 
caufe he had no ilfje male) for certain Leicefter,* knt* by whom lie had KToe 
deScf be owed htm, the Ciid Roger, upon three ions, Roger, Erafmus, and Simon ; 
difpleafure to his hrotlier, and to gain the and three daughters, Anne, Mary, anA '• 
kiog'a favonr, gave to ilie king all his .... Anne, eldeft daughter, nurried to 
lands and ril&oes» en oinditioa he ihonld George Treih^m, efq. ' of Newton, co. 
paf all tiis deMfc, and liimfeH efijory loo^l. Northampron. Mary, fecond daughter^ 
land dorir.g his life. John Bigoc, deik, married to Walter Kirkham, cfq. ofFine- 
youager hruiherui Ri^erearl mjrihal, died Ihade, Northainptonfiiire; third daeghMT 
unmarried. The chief branch remaining married to Atkins. Erafniiii', lecond fMiy 
then were the descendants nf W illiam tite married and had iflue. Simon, third fon, 
fecoBdy fon dt the fird Ralph, Earl of died luimarried. Sir John died, OAober, 
Cambridge and E^tt Aiigloi; which Wil- i66r, and was fucceeded in dignity and 
liana was drowned with the .oiiiUlren of eftate by his eldeft fon, Roger. Sir Roger 
KiHf Xenry I. but left iirue Hi^ghand Si- Norwich, hart, fon of Sir )ohn, feryed in 
Rion. fumamed de Norvvicht who died parliament in the r«ign of King Charles IL 
unmarrwd. Htigii, the eldvA fon of WiU f6r the county of 'Northampttui ; he was a 
Vimbf e^me with Maulde, die eniprefs,* deputy-lieutenant and verdurer of tho 
I f^Cy and was at the battle of Lincoln, in foreilf ; but, in the reign of King J^imes IL 
iticuie tff the empreiii's friends there, he- by reafon that he could not comply with 
fieg^ Fehroaty a* ir4i : he took p^riy the court in all things, he retired. He 
«ich King Henry II. ag.iin{l King Stephen,- married Catharine, daughter of Sir Hitton 
fur whi^ fA-vice lie had the caftie of Noi^ Farmer, of EaAon, 00. Northampton, knt. 
wich given him. (i-lolmfh. r- 4*7—433)* anceflor to tlie Earl of Pomfrec, and reliffc 
U« married, and had iflTi^e Simt»n» and of Sir John Shuckburgh, of Shuckhurgh, 
Nichnlafc fonwnaed de Norwich. Simon in Warwxklhire, ban ; had ilTue one fony 
t'leeideft fon of Unrh liad itltie R.-inulplt, Erafmus, and three daugh*ers, Caiharinef 
anU Simoo (omameti i!e Norwich, both dtrd Mary, and Anhella. ^ir Krafiius Nor- 
Qinurrifd. Nicholas <:e, fecood wich, hart, o'lly fon of Sir Roger, marriedy 
^ of Hugh, and younger brother to Si- iirft, JL«dy Annabelh Sav^e, by whom he 
nen, married, and had iffue Horiry. IihI nu iffoe. His fccon<l lady was great- * 
Heniy de Norwicli, fnn of Ntctiolaic, mir- grandaughrer of Sir Tttomas Ail.ims ; ac« 
Tied Jane, daoghter and l>eir of R<)h«rt de const of whom in the Bit>graphical M.iga- 
£nnghiirft« lord Af Bioughton. The 5ih zine, 1776, is thus inferred. " Sir Tho- 
iiiwal dcficoodant from this Henry was Si- mas Adam<: di(^ mguilhed himf^lf by hit 
Boo dc Norwich, who married Marg.aet, prudence and piety, his a As of m.>nificence, 
heir of Rcibett Hotot Gifiiurd, by whom h.5 loyalty, and his fiiffcrings. He was 
caeie the manors of Brampton, RowcH, born at NVrm, in Shroplhir^, in 1586) 
CotMiiock, lUip, Tanfor, Gay-^^m, bic, educated in the bniverfry of Cambiidje, 
The ad lineal dei'iiendani from ihis Si.m<M and bred a draper in London \ and, by Ims 
wasSitroa Norwicli, who married Alice, • wifJum and mtcgniy, was gr^d'ji.dly railed 
Qv^t, Mao. ytbrumrjf 1797. \^ 


t68 0iittu»ycfrimiU'hib'Pir/9ni; Ufiik Biiirdphkdl Jtiitdita. [Feti: 

TdzTy and to -the dmgrin of the old interefV, 
the Hartwell and the Beividrre were 
Aniibed wichia the given time, and ap- 
proved by I he iurveyors. It was h<»r, 
Kowcver* till tlie 24' h 1 f Ftbruary, 1796^ 
that a grrat majcri y of the proprietors if 
India Itock threw th^ lliip-bi)ildii>g open 
to a foir compt'titton. It is univerfali^ ac- 
knoMledged that ttie Itooour of iLat dav 
was pnncip.«l}]r ciue to Mr. F. and his 
friend Mr. Uenchman *. * The fame re« 
gVd to tlie ihiereft ot the Company made 
him exprefs liift-iunccr i at tl'c late arbi- 
tBiry proccedirg^, which compelled ttie 
Diredturs to prc»j)'ifc, , conriaiy to ihijir 
judgemei t fornoaUy exjneffedy :he cna< 
bliihroem of a military dtpot m the !()« if 
Wigbty anil the payment of the iniere<^ of 
the loan of two milKons to the en<t f)f tl e 
chaitei* i mei''ure<y whicli the g<M^ feofe 
of the proprietofs, impartia'ly expretled, 
coald not hut reje^. it mm) not Vt fnp- 
pofed fri»ni this relation, that Mr F. «>--as 
a captions oppofer of tile meafureR of Go« 
\Tammcnt. Accoid'ug t« t» e principles of 
a Jerfoman, he had a fi>ic&rti regard tor 
the Crown and Cinflitui-on of thi? coun- 
try ; but was dire^cd in his judgennent by 
tlie raeaftires not by atuchmar.t to ihe 
perfunfy of (Watermen. Had he been fnc- 
cef^fiil in hu camvs# for Marlow, at the 
laft general election, he would liare ful- 
ly proved the independence of his princi- 
ples, and hii high regard fur hij> Kihc: and 
Country', by his coiuln^t in parliament { 
\mX his ant.goiiiU uas left without a rival 
IX d;iysbefuie Mr. F. couli! lUrt ; and 
thus the natural anltccratital intoreil of 
Little Marlow ^a^def atcd by li.e innnu- 
fa6)nre at i empU Mills. I'lom thete p;ir* 
ticulars an idea may be foin^d of Nfr. F's 
chira^er. One teftimouy in its f.:vur viiH 
appear decifive. On i\\c renewal i.t the ie.ife 
of hi^ houfe in Fenchurch-ftre^t, clic C)m- 
mittee fir let^Hg il:c City's L'-n *s unnn> 
moufly determined tliac the rent (honld be 
lowered, toexprefs tlie.r fcide of the Icr- 
vioes which he had coi f3r*-ed on the com- 
merce 'of his coHntry. He mairied, in 
inZit Mffs Hairiet Lee, filler of Mr.. Lee 
. Anionic, kite member fdr Marlow, ai d 
graiid-daugliter oi the Lite Lord Cliief-jnf- 
tice Lee. Slie died in 1794, leavmg him 
7 children, tlic eldell of whom is in liis 
14th year. M. F. lived at TotLeridgf,wliere 
he built a houfe on tlie fue ot an old man- 
lion, which for maitv yenrs was the rtfi- 
dence ol the Hare family, and aftei wards 
of Sir Robert Atkim, K. B. lord chief ba- 
ron of the Fxchequer. It was built by 
Robert Taylor, teller of the Exchequer in 
the reign of Elitabetb. It became forfeited 
^— ^— — — ^— ^— «— — ^"— i^'^^^.i^"^" »— -.— 

* For the paiticulars of this importattt 
diCcuilion, we refer our readers to Mr. 
Fioti's '* Add relies to the Proprietors of 
India Stock aud tlie Publick| 1795.*' 

^o the Crown for a debt, and the qtieen 
f<ifd \t til Hugh Hnre. uncle of the firfc 
Lot tl CoJranr. (Chaunc^y 's Herts, p. 305 ; 
Lyftiiis's Envir. of I^nd. tV. 41, 45, 46.) 

-'Ac Rutterwick, in his 25th year, Mr. 
Robeit Peiirr, an em'nent f;irmer and gra- 
zier : whofe lofs to the poor itrill be fevere- 
ly fek. 

Mrs. Gardom, wife of Mr. George G. 
of-B ibnel), near Bakeweil, c«). DerKy. arid 
daughter of the Rev. Robert Barker, rec- 
tor of St. Anne's, M.»nchcllcr. 

28. At Marfton-trulTel, co. Nor(hamp« 
ton, in her 89th year, Mrs. Arabella Ca- 
tharine Bdrn ell, teli6t of Henry Barwell^ 
efi|. of the fame pi ice, who died April 24; 
ly'i^. She was born in Augu*, 1708; 
and was rheelJell daughter of Sit Krafoiu^ 
Norwich, late of Br;tmpton, near Din^ ley, 
who was fucceeded in title and e(%ate by 
his fon Williaoi, who was the laft baronet 
and male ilfue from the following pedigree; 
t//». " Norwich of Brampton, conu Nor- 
thamptoni±,Sir Johi*, knt,- created baronet 
July ?4, 1641. This family is defcotfled 
fi'om Riilph, Fail of Cambridge and Eaft"^ 
Angles, a Biiion, who matricd the daugh- 
ter -c.f Roger, Earl of Hertford. ' Thi< 
Ralph, Earl of £aft Angles, /. e, Norfolk 
andSoflolk, with Roger, Earl of Hcrefordy 
his- wife's father, oppofed King Williaia 
the Com|ueror; but, in the end, beinj{ 
b«;fief^ed in the caflle of Delz in titeioth 
oC his I'l-igOy was refcued by Plulip, the/ 
Frerurii King, and fo fled into. Britain. 
Tite wife of R.ilph, in tlie 3d of William 
tUii C' nquercr, for the better fafeguard of 
her, fftJ into the city of Norwich ;, and, 
bein;; put filed, was there befieged and en- ' 
loicc . to abjure the rciilm. They bad if- ' 
file two tons, Roger and William. Roper 
Bigor, thiclt fon of R.ilph, ftjunded ll.e 
mo latUry at Thetfort', married Adelizaf 
daughter aud co-lieir oi Hugh Grnn'tmefli- . 
nel!: tney had ilTue Hugh. . Hugh fucceed- 
cd his father Roger, and w.ns rtcwnrd ot"' 
the houfe 10 King Henry I. and advaucrd 
anew to the Earldom of Norfolk and Suf- 
folk by King Scephen. He m:i.rrled Inli- - 
an, CtiUntefs of Norfolk, and had ilTue 
H\\%\\ a I'd Roger. Hngh, his eldefl fon, 
Earl of Norfolk and Sntfolk, and Reward 
of ^ the king's houfe, died without ilfue. 
Roger, the fecond fon nif Hught fucceedcd 
\\\f, brother Hugh in his honmirs and dig- 
nities, and was engaged in very honour- 
able employments under King Richard I 
and Kiagjuhn; but, in the 17th of Jo!;ii, 
he took pait with the barons, and was one 
of the 15 governors <rf the realm ; he mar- 
ried Ida, and had iHiie Hugh. Hugh fuc- 
ceedcd his father Roger, was Easl of Nor- 
folk and Suffolk, and was alfo earl mar- 
ibal of England in right of his wife Maulde, 
(the eldelft daughter and heir of Wm. M:(r* 
fhaU> tlie elder Earl of Pembroke), by 
wiion he bud ifliie Roger and Hogli^ 


1797-5 OhUuaryifremariaHePirJiits\ with Bhgraphical /butd^tes^ ifij 

k(9Cn-> his eU«ft ion, EartoF Norfolk and only tlaoRhter and heir of Richard Chrif- 

Sufi^lky and eari raarlhal of England, .tian, of Harboriugh; by whom came du 

tnanieJ Ifabel, dannthier tp William and vecs Lamls in flarboroagti, Oreat Bowmen, 

fifter to Mexander Kiog Ol 5ct)U, and died Liok fiowdm, Qtt^i Oxendon, KeU 

wiihouc ilfue. Rog«r Bigat, his iicpliew marih, and K^Upftoo, in the counties of 

(and fon of his brutUar Nugh^ JLprd chisf LeioaAar and Nortliampton, liad iffue Si- 

juAioeof England), faccaodrd him in his moik Simon Norwich, fou of Simon (an* 

liooours and digniiia^, an<l married Agel- bum at the death nf his fiather^, was found 

line, daughter and heir of Pliilip Baflec^ by to be coofin and heir of Sir Richard Hi>lc. 

whoas he had iffiae Joan, foan daughter oiF He married the daughter of Richard Tiia« 

Roger aaarried to Mowbray. This itaU, and had iflue. The fourth lineal 

Roger Bigot, Eari of Norfolk and Suffolk, .defcent from this Simon was Simon lioiw 
and e^l narlhal of England anno 24 £d- wich, . foa of John ; he married Orwem 
ward I. refofed to go imo Gafcoine, dx- (danghter of Edward Griffin attorney- 
cept the king went in person; wirerenpon, peneral to Qiieen Mary), and had ifltw 
the king Chreauning to hang biunf he de- Charlac. Sir Charles Norwich, knr. fen 
palled the cnurt, with Uomphrey de Po- (>f -Simon, married Aon, daughter of Sir 
haa Eari of Hereford^ asd raifed war Edward Watfon, of Rockingham) 00. 
againft the king. (UoUtilb. p. 8x$).- 1^ Norshampton, knr. had iflue Simon, Sir 
their means, and ott>er8, llie gre«^ chtrter Simon Norwich,- knt. fon of SirCharleSy 
and the charcerof tl»e fiHvAs wascooftrm- mvried Aw daughter of Sir William WiU 
cii. Bat, in the 30th year 0^ Edward K loughby, km. had iffae |dhn. Sir John 
having (pent, in this coatentioaag.!tuft the :N(H'wich, km. fon of Sir Simon, advanced 
king, his f^ibftance, aini being c;iUad npon to tlie dignhy of barooet the lyth of 
kf John Bigot a clerk, hie younger brother^ Charlei I. He married Anne, danghter 
whom he had thought to make his heir (be. . of Sir Roger Smith, of Edmondthorpe, co» 
caufe he had no ilfje male) for certain Leicefter* kot. by whom he had ifliie 
deSts he owed him, the £ud Roger, upon three fons, Roger, Erafmus, and Simon ; 
difpleafure to his hforlier, and to gain the and three daughters, Anne, Maiy, anA ' 
kins'!* favour, gave to ilie king all his .... Anne, eldeft daughter, married to 
lands and offices^ en condition he fhonld George Treih9m» efq. * of Newton, co. 
pa? all tiis de^ts, and hirofeU enjoy 1009!. Northampton. Mary, fecond daughtery 
land during his hfe. Jolm fiigot, deik, married to Walter Kirkham, cfq. ofFine- 
yotrngerhruthertuRngertarl axjrihal, died Ihade, NorthairtpConlhire; third danghMT 
unmairied. The chief brancli renauining married to Atkins. ErAfmUi', ffscond fony 
then were the de'cendants nf \^illiam tlie married and had iflue. Simon, third fon, 
fecondy fon df the firft Ralph, Earl of died nnmarried. Sir John died, OAober, 
Cambridge and £jft Angles; which Wil- 166 r, and was focceeded in dignity and 
liam was drowned with the oiiiUhen of eftate by his eldeft fon, Roger. Sir Roger 
Kuig Heary I. but4eft ilfue Hugh and Si- Norwich, hart, fon of Sir John, ferved in 
mon, furnamed de N<»rwich, who died parliament in the r«ign of King Charles IL 
unmairnd. Hugh, the eldnl\ fon of WiU f6r the county of 'Northampton ; he was a 
1: im, Cjime witb Maulile, tlie empref^;,' deputy-lientenant and verdurer of tho 
X i^e?, and was at the bBtile of Lincoln, m forefts ; but, in the reign of King James II. 
rescue of the eropre&'s frienda therei h«- by reafon that he could not comply with 
fieged Fehroaty i, 1141 : he took party the court in all thmgs, he retired. He 
with King Henry II. againft King Stephen,- married Catharine, daughter of Sir Hitton 
fur whicji fi^vice lie had the caftie of Nor- Farmer, nf EaAon, 00. Northampton, kot. 
wich given him. (Holinfh. r* 4*7^433)* anceflor to ttie Earl of Pomfret, and reliffc 
Hr: manied, and had itr«*e Simt»n, and of Sir John Shuckburgh, of Shackburgh, 
Nicholas farndnaed de Norwich. Simon in Warwicklhire, hart ; had itifiie one fon^ 
the eldefk fon of Hur.h lutd itfue Ranulpli, Erafmus, and three daugh'ers, Caiharine, 
and Simon (bmametl de Norwich, both died Mary, and Anhetia. ^ir F.rafiius Nor- 
u I married. Nicholas <ie Nor with, fecood wich, bart. only fon of Sir Roger, married, 
fun of Hugh, and youn{;er brother to Si« Arft, L*dv Annabelh Sav^e, by whom he 
moil, mairied, and had idne Hanry. h^id no ifr»e. His frcont! lady was great* 
H'miy de Norwid), Ton of NichtdaiE, mii- grandaughrer of Sir Thomas A<.l.^ms j ac« 
Tied Jane, danghter and heir of R«ih«rt de count of whom in the Biographical M.iga« 
3ringhurft, hird Af Broughton. The 5ih zine, 1776, is thus inferred. <* Sir Tho- 
lineal deficeodant from this Henry was Si- mas Adams di(^<nguilhed himf-lf by his 
mon de Norwich, who married Marg:tTe(, prudence and piety, his a As of munificencey 
heir of Robert Hucot Gifturd, by whom h<s loyalty, and his fuflicrings. He uas 
came the man«vs of Brampton, Rowelt, born at VV«m, in Shroplhirf^, in i^%^\ 
Cutcerlhick, lUip, Tanfor, Ga|^on, &cc educated in the bniverfry of Cambrid^, 
The 2d lineal dei'cendaot from ihis S'lmod and bred a draper in London \ and, by Ims 
wae Stn-on Norwidi, who married Alice, ■ wifdam »d mtegnty, was griidu:dly rjiT<~d 
Q9k%X» Mao. VthvuMry^ 1797* ^ 


i68 OUmaryoj/rnma^hibFirfini; uHih Biigrdphkdl Jtikdita. [FeU 

rdzT, and tx>-the chagrin of the old interefV, 
the Hartwbll and the Beivid.'re were 
finifbed ivithia (he given time, and ap- 
proved hy I he Purveyors. It was mrf, 
however, till the 24'h «f February, 1796^ • 
that a great majf.ri y of the proprietors tf 
ladia ^ock threw th^ (hip-biiildiiig; open 
to a ftiir cocnpetition. It is untverfall^ ac- 
kno(% ledged tliat tlie lionour of ibat day 
was pr>ncip.«l}y (>!ue to Mr. F. and his 
friend Mr. Ilenifiman *. * The fame re- 
glird to the hitereft ot the Company made 
him exprefs iii&^ioncfr; at d'e hte arbi- 
tsary proccedn g<(, which com fuelled ttie 
Diredt(>rs to propife, , contiaty ro their 
jndgemei t fornoally cxtiretTrd, ;he cOa- 
biiOiment \3i a mdit^ry depot tn the lOct < f 
Wigbty and the paytnent of Che intere<^ of 
the loan uf two iniihons to the enf of d e 
charter i mea'ure<, wh:ch the g(M>d fenfe 
of ttie proprietnsy impartia'ly f^pretled, 
could not hut rejeifl. ii mutt n<»t t<e ft>p» 
pofed friim this relation, that Mr F. «^'a$ 
a captious oppofer of the mearure.iof Go- 
\^immcnt. Accoidiug to t> e principles of 
a Jerfeyman, he had a finc&re regard for ' 
the Crown and Cmflituion of thi? coun- 
try i but was diie^lcd in his judgement hy 
the raeafiires nut by attM( hment to (he 
perfonfy uf Oatefmrn. Hati he lieen fnc- 
cefbfiil ill his c.invu^ for Marlow, at the 
laft general ele^hon, he wmdd liare ful- 
ly proved the independence <}f his princi- 
plesy and his high regard fur hi& Kint; and 
Countr/y by his coiulndt in parliament; 
iMit his ant.gonilt uas left without a rival 
11 dMysbtfiiie Mr. F. could It art ; and 
thus (he natural artttccratical int.:rcit of 
Ltttle Marlow ^a^def atcd by the manu- 
fa6)nre at I empU Mili^. Fi'ini ihete par- 
ticulars an idea may be foi ni'd of ^^r. F's 
chva<^ler. One tel^imouy in \\< f:- vor ^k \\\ 
appear dccifive. On the renewal ft the ienfe 
of his houfe \\\ Fenchurch-ftre«T, the C )m- 
mitcee f»)r Itft'mg il^e City's L-n *s unnni- ' 
moully determined tli.ic the retii (hould be 
lowered, to exprefs tlier ftSule of the icr- - 
vices which he had coifdrreii on the com- 
merce 'of his country. He married, in 
inZit Mtfs Harriet Lee, fitter i>f Mr.. Lee 
-Anionic, Lite member f6r 'Marlow, aid 
jfrand-dau^liter of the late Lord Cliief-jnf- 
tice Lee. She died in 1794, leaving liim 
7 children, the eWeft of whom is in his 
14th year. M. F. lived at TotteriJge, where 
he built a houfe on the fite ot an old man- 
fton, which for mauy yenrs was the rtiti- 
dence of ihe Hare family, and afterwards 
uf Sir Robert Atkins, K. B. lord chief ba* 
ron cf (he Exchequer. It was built by 
Robert Taylor, teller of tlie Exchequer in 
the reign of Elizabeth. It became forfeited 
— — ■ I ■ ' ' II ■ ■ ■ I I 

* For the paiticulan of this impoit:int 
diCcuflion, we refer our readers to Mr. 
Fioti's " Addrelles to the P/oprietors Of 
India Stock and tlie Publick| 1795.*' 

ro the Crown for a debt, and the qiieen 
f«rfd it to Hugh H:<re. uncle of the iirfc 
Lot d Colranr. (Chaunc^y's Herts, p. 305 ; 
Lyfoiis's Envir. nif I^nd. IV. 41 , 45, 46.) 

'At Rutterwick, m his 25th year, Mr. 
Robeit Pe.irt, an em ncnt farmer and gra- 
zier ; whofe lois to the poor itriil be fevere- 
ly felt. 

Mrs. Ganlom, wife of Mr. Gcf>r{re G. 
of-B rbnell, near Bakeevell, c«). Dertiy. and 
daughter of the Rev. Robert Barker, rec- 
tor of St. Anne's, M.incheiler. 

28. At Marfton-tniffel, co. Northamp« 
ton, in her 89th year, Mrs. Arabella Ca- 
tharine Bar Mr ell, ttlidt of Henry Barwell^ 
efq. of the fame'plice, who died April 24, 
i7'»'?. She was horn in Atigu *, 1708 ; 
and was the el Jeft daughter of Sir Krafmu^ 
NorwicJi. late of Brampton, near Din^ley, 
who was fucceedttd in title and eftate by 
his fon WiUiaTv, who was the laft baronet 
SUKI maleilfue from the following pedigree; 
t//». " Norwich of Brampton, conu Nor- 
thamptonit:, Sir Johf, knt,- created haronec 
July 34, 1641. This family is defceniled 
from Riilph, Karl of Cambridge and Eaft" 
Anglers, a Biiton, who married the daugh- 
ter of Roger, Earl of Hertford. ' T,hii 
Ralph, Earl of Haft Angles, /. f . Norfolk 
and Suffolk, with Roger, Earl of HerBfoi'di 
his- wi'cS fattier, oppofed King William 
the Conqueror; but, in the end, bein^' 
b«fieged in the caflle of Delz in tiwiotik 
oChis reign, w.ts refcued by Plulip, theT 
Frci^li King, and fo fled imo Britain. 
Tite wife of R.ilpli, in tire 3d of William 
thu Conqueror, for the better fafeguard of 
her, f?bd iirto the city of Norwich ;. ard, 
bein:; purfucd, was there befieged ^ind en- ' 
loicc . to ahjure the re:dm. They bad if- ' 
fiie tw<i Ions, Roger and William. Rt>;;er 
Bigot, ilJelt fon of R.ilph, founded tl;e 
moMiicry at Theifon', married Adciiza, 
daughter and co-tieir of Hugh Grnmroefli- . 
nell: t.'^ey had ilfue Hugh. . Hugh fucceed- 
cd his father Roger, and was rtcwnrd ot- 
the houfe to King Henry I. and udvancrd 
anew to the Earldom of Norfolk acd Suf- 
folk by King Stepheii. He mrirried |uli- - 
an, C'lUntefs of Norfolk, and had iffue 
Hui>h ard Roger. Hugh, his eldefl fon, 
Eari of Norfolk and Sutfblk, and (ieward 
of ^ the king's houfe, died withoat ilfue. 
Roger, the fecond fon of Hught focceeded 
hih brother Hugh in his honours and dig- 
nities, and was engaged in very honour- 
able employments under Kif)g Richard I 
and King juhn; but, in the 17th of Jolin, 
he took part with thebanins, .ind was one 
of the 15 governor*, of the realm ; he mar- 
ried Ida, and had ilTue Hugh. Hugh fuc- 
ceeded his father Roger, was Kail of Nor- 
folk and Suftolk, and was alfo earl vtrdr^ 
ibal of England in light of liis wife Maulde, 
(the eldelft daughter and heir of Wm. Mar* 
flially tlie elder Earl of Pembroke), by 
whon he bad ifliie Rt^ger and Hngh^ 


17^7-1 OHiMary$fremariabkPir/ins\ with Biographical dnitdftei. ^fij 

Ti bis eU«(l Ah), Earl-oF Norfolk and 
Sotfu^y and eari maiib'il of Erxglaad, 
marrieJ Ifabd, dbw^hier tp William ami 
fifter to AUxaoUer King ol Sc<>t«, and died 
witlUMic ilTue. Rog«r Bic«t, lifs iieptiew 
(aii4 Con /of fata bruUier HugU^ JLprd clnef 
ju(Uoe of Enghful), fucGMUrd him in hia 
lioDours and digniiio*, and raari-ied Agel- 
liii#, daugbtcr and lieir of Pliilip Baflet, bjr 
wtaoas he hid ifliia Joan, foan daufhter of 

Refer aaarried to Mowbray. This 

Rogtr Bigot, Eeri of Noriblk and Sui&lk, 
and etArl laarlhal of England anno 24 £d« 
ward I. refufod to go in:o Gafcoine, ex- 
GCfit die king went in perfon ; wbermipon, 
the king threatening to hdng iiini, be de- 
patled the cmirt, with Uumpfirey de Po- 
hao Eaii of Hereford^ and raifed war 
againft the king. (Moiinfli. p. 815). By 
t!i«ir means, and ctcheri, (lie gree^ charter 
and Che cliarterof tlie foi>«0s ivas oonftrm- 
ed. B»t, in the 30th year of Edward I. 
having fpent, in thb ct>nientioa8g.:iuil the 
king, his fubftsmce, ai»d being called npon 
■ky Jolin Bigot a clerk, hie younger brotbery 
whom he had thoaght to make his heir (b^- . 
caufe he had no iffje aaale) for certain 
deScs be owed bim> the Ciid Roger, upon 
difpleafure to his hrotlier, and to gain the 
kiag'-e favour, gave to ilie king all his 
landii and offioeH en cundition he ihonJd 
pay all Iiis deM(, and liimfeU enjoy loo^l. 
land doiirg his hfe. jolm fiigoc, clerk, 
younger bruiser to Ri^ere;irl nxjrthal, died 
unmairi«d. The chief branch remaining 
then wer^ the descendants of W illiam tite 
fecond, fon ctf the firft Ralph, Earl of 
Cimbridge and Ejfi Angloi; which Wil- 
liam was drowned with the .oiiilihen of 
Ki«>g Henry I. btit left iifue Hvigh and Si- 
mon, fumaroed ilc Norwich, whn died 
unmarried. Hugh, ilte eldvft fon of Wil- 
1 liD, cjime witb Maulde, die empref:;,' 
X f 4e«, and was at the tattle of Lincoln, in 
rcfcue of the empreis's friends- there, h<r- 
feged Fehrnaty 1, ir4i : he took pnriy 
with King Henry Il.sgainft King Stephen,- 
for whicji fervite lie had tlie caftie of Nor- 
wich given him. (Hohnfh. r* 4*7^433)* 
Hf: manied, and had ifl«*e Simon, and 
Nichiklas farn^med de Norwich. Simon 
th« cldeft fon of Hui;h h;)d itlae Rnnulplt, 
and Simon ftimamed tie Norwich, both died 
U'^m.irricd. Nicholas de Norwich, fecond 
fun of Hugh, and younger brother to Si« 
mon, married, and had iffue Honry* 
Htniiy de Norwidt, Ton of NiciNtlas, mjr- 
Tied Jane, danghtcr and heir of Ri>h«rt de 
3ringhur(t« lord Af Bix>\ighton. The 5th 
lineal delcendAnt friNn this Henry was Si- 
mon de Norwich, who married Marg;trer, 
heir of Rcib^t Hofot Giftnrd, by whom 
c:tme the manors of Brampton, RoweUy 
Coccerll«)ck, llbp, Tanlbr, Gay^nn, &cc. 
The zd lineal detcend»»t from this Sirao<i 
was Sin^on Norwidi, who married AiicVi 
CitKT'* Mao. ¥tktuMry^ i797* 


only danghter and heir of Richtrd Chrif- 
.tian, of Harboreugh; by whom came di* 
ver3 lamis in Harboroegti, Oreat Bovvdeni 
Little fiiiwden. Great Oxendon, KeU 
marih, and K^UpAoo, in the counties of 
LeioeAar and Nortliampton, luul iffue %\» 
moik Simon Norwich, fon of Simon (on* 
bum at ttw death ti>{ his fiather), was found 
to be coafin and heir of Sir RicSard Hok. 
He-marned the daiigbc«r of Richard Tun* 
ftall, and had iflue. The fourth lineal 
.defcent frgm this Simon was Simon Koiw 
■wicliy, foa of John ; he married GrKe 
(daughter of Edward Griffin attorneys 
general to Qiieen Mary), and had ifTua 
Charles. Sir Charles Norwich, knr. fon 
of Simon, juarried Ann, daughter of Sir 
Edward Watfon, of Rockingham, 00. 
NorshamptoB, knt. had ifliie Simon, Sir 
Sineon Norwich, knt. fon of SirCharlety 
mvried Aw daughter of Sir Wttliam WiU 
.loughby, km. had ifToe John. Sir John 
Norwich, knt. fon of Sir Simon, advanced 
to tlie dignity of barooet the lyth of 
Charlei I. He naarried Anne, danghter 
of Sir Roger Smith, of Edmondthorpe, co» 
Letcefter* knt. by whom he had Ifliie 
three fens, Roger, Erafmus, and Simon; 
and three daughters, Anne, M.iry, anA '• 
.... Anne, eldeft daughter, married to 
George Trefham, efq. ' of Newton, co. 
Northampton. Mary, fecond daughter^ 
married to Walter Kirk ham, cfq. of Fine- 
Ihade, Noftha«>ptonfliire; third daagheer 
married to Atkins. Er^fniiis, fecond frniy 
. married and had iflue. Simon, third fon, 
died iinnMirried. Sir Jo!m died, OAober, 
166 r, and was focceeded in dignity and 
eftate by his eldeft fon, Roger. Sir Roger 
Norwich, hart, fon »f Sir John, ferved in 
parliament in the r«ign of King Charles IL 
fdr the county of 'Northampton ; he was a 
deputy-li«utenant and verdurer of tho 
forefts ;. but, in the reign of King Jneies II. 
by reafon that he could not comply with 
the court in all things, he retired. He 
married Catharine, daughter uf Sir Uitton 
Farmer, of EaAon, 00. Nortliamplon, knt. 
anceftor to ttie Earl of PomfireC, and reliffc ' 
of Sir John Shuckhurgh, of Shockhurgh, 
in Warwxklhire, hart ; had ilTue one fony 
Erafmus, atid three daughters, Ca'.harine, 
Mary, and Arabella, ^ir Krafoius Nor- 
wich, bart. only fon uf Sir Roger, married, 
firft, Ltdv Annabella Sav*S^e, by whom hf 
h^Hl no iffoe. His feconti lady was great- ' 
grandauglirer of Sir Thomas A<l.^ms j ac« 
connt of whom in the Biographical Miga« 
zine, 1776, is thus infcited. " Sir Tho- 
mas Adam^ diAinguifhed himf^-lf by liit 
prudence and piety, his a As of moniAcencey 
hiS loyalty, and his fuffrrings. He uas 
born at \V«m, in Shropihir<*, in 1586} 
educated in the bniverfity of Cambfidje, 
and bred .1 draper in London \ and, by hit 
• wifdom »d integrity, was grttdu.dly rdiT'-d 


170 OhiiMarj9frim£ariaikPitfont\whh'BiographualAniii9Ut. [Feb^ 

to Unt bigheft office in the city, and was a very antirnc family in thae county ; h« 

fre^ueody returned a bargtfsUi parliament; died Aprit 11, 17771 and Mrs. Tiiivile 

but« beinga layalift» was not peimi^tod to Sept. t{>, 17^0. 1'heir iffite two fon» and 

fit. there. He .wbs lord-mayor, in i645r two dangbcerf, the former, Riclta>d and 

when his huufe was fearched'wiih i^ Erafmus ^(tpreient unmarried; the Letter, 

ex:pe6latibn' of fiodtnfL King. Charles I. Annabelb-Cathahne, raarricd Mr. John 

and rSe'neoct year he waii .^mmitted Randle, of^Hortb Kilworth, be^'oremen- 

fA^^ prifutier tO: t^ XowiC wliere tioned, and died in May 177^, leaving itiue, 

be- coh'ttiitieJ Teveral .yelrs.. IHirbg the one fon, now «n his apprenticeship to a dra« 
cule of -.Kinf. Chai'^.U. he lent liim- per at Nuneaton, co. Warwick r which 

lOyOooL and> m hia 73d year, was deputed- bolineft Sir Thomas Adams himfelf once 

by the city their oMOOuffiDner 10 Breda* followed, and is the very perion «»f whom 

lybither he went whh Cen. Monk, to eon- a bet w;is bid, that he could not be piH out 

grttoiace and attend King Charles to Eog- of ttoiper. The wagerers contrived to call 

laml. In confideratiun of his Agnal lervi- when they knew him to be at dinner, re^ 

ces, that king conferred on him the honour quelling -to fee him, who coming to wait 

of knighthood; aod» a few days after his on them himfelf, they wanted to look at 

refloration, to the dignity <^i a baronet of foroe foperfine cloths. After having abon« 

EnglamU Sir Thomas gave his houfe at dance laid biFoni them, at length they be* 

Weaa, in Shropfhire, for a free-lcbeol, lieved 009 might do. When aflted what 

which l.e liberally endowed. He founded quantity, they anfwered, twelve penny* 

an Arabic profeflbrihip at Cambridge, worth would be fnfficient. He with great 

with a Calary of 4';1. ftr aMmm, and was ag oompofure took a ihilling, laid it on the 

the expcnce of printing die Gofpels in the doth, and cut a bit to iu fiae, folded it in 

Perfian languaga> ^uid traiifraitting then to clean paper, •and gave it to tliero ; laying, 

that kingdom. His beneficenc4 appeared « Oeotlamen, you aie weleome 1" witU- 

on a variety of occafionf,.lie being always oni (beunng the leifl difpleafnre. Jane, 

ready to relievethe diftrefifed. Tlu:» wtir- tlie youngeft daughter of Mr. Turvile and 

thy nnagiilrate died Feb. 24, 1667, in bb Annabelia his wife, married the Rev. 

Sad year. After his death a done was ex- John BnUivant, reAor of Marfton truflel, 

traAed from his bladder, wbidi weighed ca Northampton, and has NTue three Ions 

above 25 ounces (and is ftiU fnfeixtd in the and four danghters, «/s. AnnabelU, Caiba* 

lahcraiory at Cambridgf);" an errtr^ which nne, John,' Penelope, Henry, Jane, and 

the infcrter of this takes the opportunity to Richard. Jane, the youngeft danghter of 

contradi6i, and to affirm, tlikt the family Sir Erafioaus Norwich and his lady Jane, 

never would confent to part with the faid married Mr. Nichols, of the Lower-liale, 

itone. During the life of the laft Lady in the parUh of Hendon, Middlefex, liad 

Norwich (from whofe anceilor it wis ex- ifliie many children, but only one fon and 

trailed), it was kept choice hy her. By a daughter furvived their parents) Edward, 

this la y Sir jErafmus had iffue one fon, who died 17 . . unmarried ; and Jenny, 

WUliam, beforemeniioned, the next pof- wiio married, firft, a Mr. Snoxdale, who 

feifor thereof; and three ilaughtcrs, Ai-a- c!ied of the fmall pox foon afterward*. 

bella-Caiturine, Aiinahella, and Jane. Mrs. Snoxdale, who had not had it, did 

On the (icmife of this William, who uic- not tnke it at that time. She afierwards 

ceeded his father in title and eftate, the nurried Chriilopher Hill, gent, of 

name and title became extin A, 1741 ; Sir ley, in Middlefex, by wlK>m Ihe has left 

Williann dying inrniiiriitU'*'. He a few years ifTue five fons and three ilaughtert, Arabel- 

/rffft/inif f<>*dihe Branapion eltaie to Saiah, b, Edward, Mary, *Jiine, Chridoplier, 

Dutchefs of Mr.ri borough, which 15 row Henry, John, aimI Thomas. Mr. Hill 

the propeity <>t Ccoige-JoJm Spencer, died Anguft, 1781, of th^ f mail- pox ; a 

tarl bpenter, prcfctit firll lord of the Ail- very extraordinary circumflance, both Mr. 

roiraliy. Sir William dying intcftate, his Hill, herftif, and cldeft daughicr, having 

three fiftftrs, Arahella-C.uiiarine, Anna- feveral years before been inoculated for the 

bell a, .-vud |;inc, were Ins adminiftrators ; fame by tlie late Dr. G arrow, of Ramct 1 

the cSclcrt of whom, vU. Mis. B.»rwcll, why, wh^n called in to aitend Mrs HJI, 

here rntl-meniuinetl, had ilfue only one 1781, was aftonifhod at the difcafe, hut 

ItJB, H«nry, wlm died iinma'iitd at the ihoii^l t it impLliihlo it coviU prove the 

af,e of 17. T!,i: I dr, as clOcft daughicr fmali-pox : however, Dr. KtynoUls, from • 

of L:;i'.y N'orvvich, and atinMniftratrix lo London (who was called in) » alFerted ir, 

Sir Willinm, choicely pitl rrcd the f:iid ai d, U}'ou t>:»roinatioti ot Mr. Hill (who, 

Hone, vffliicli ss DOW in thv'. lU'llcflTiOTi (}f her widi iheir cU^cft t'ar.o.htcM , then a child, 

execiit<M!?, oroi-e of jilum. Anu.-i^^lia fc- wci* inoculated >viih Mr-. U U, all at the 

tof.d oawcbKrcil lj»r Kr.,'l'.i«» CiiU fame lime), pror^fjuiiccii him uoi to havo 
bdy, m<riw,l R Uard Tuivile, 0% of liad it, but tJut M fs 11:1J had had Jt ; to 

. NiMth K»lwort*\ ill the cu"i ty ttf Leiccri.ti, afcerta^n which Mr. Hill was inH-ul.iteU 

., .— ~ — . a^iiiii, .tnd had .1 pi iil ful eruption of 

■*'■ i<e oi^T vol. LXIV. p. ()j4. imidt-pox wiih^atCcudauL fevei, which 

k would 

1797*] OHiksfy 9/rimarkabk Pgrfinti with Btpgraphtcal Anicd^H^ tjt 

•^ffmdlA not hive betn the cafe had rith^ 
matter been nude ufe of at firll. To fay 
no mope, how careful might fach pr^^- 
tioners tn be to (hit part oilar 1 'M f HiU, 
ftow Mnu BirtleSy wvon Or. ll^jnnUH 
pronoonced to hate it^ an4«tlvifcd one 
to he mocubiteJ ^pnn, remained in the 
l)9ofe at the time her mother dieJ^ and, 
tfMinf her fatlier's inocvrfatidn the laft 
time, never fiekened| nor has e?er had the 
foaf^ fymptoms uf fmattpox, though v<ry 
moch refi.tent io L rndtm (ince. 
' Jo»m Wilker Wilfoo, efq. of Sloanc- 
ftreet, late of Woj-oefter.. 
' Ag«d 709 John Croht efq. clerk of the 
loumals and engrotfmencs in the Houfe of 

At Rorgate, in his Torft year, Mr. Jer. 
Scowerv, fm nieily of Old Buctt^enham, co. 
KorA>lk. £.tr<iner. 

Kfr. William Hapkinibn, of Derby y.nnr- 
ftry and feedimun. 

At Bircli hall| near Ellifroere, Mn. Abn 
- gail MAfon. 

At Finden.SuflftXffhe Rev.Dr.Pitkington. 

29. At Briftol Hof-wellS| Thomas Co- 
ker, efq. 

30. At Steeple Aftoni co. Oxford, Mr. 
' Ktnning, fnrgeon. 

' '' At Brirtol Hot*WelUi Mrs, A. Liiyion, 
of Thrognujrton-ftrect. 

In- hU 8och year, .tf;er a long inOifpofi* 
tion,'the ^ev. Tliomas Strong, 49 years 
rcAor of H irgravci c<>. NorthamiHon, 

At Uxhridge, Mrs. Caies, wife of Mr. 
John Ct furge«tn. 

31. In her Szd year, Mrs. Mary Brown, 
rch^ of Mr S. Bioivu, feuior, merdiant 
Sn Peterborough^ many year mafter of the 
paflage-hoat to Wifbcch. 

At Wcllinghoroiigh, ca. Northnrnpton, 
4he Rev, Jolm Carver, muny years minirtcr 
of a congregation uf Fi*o(eftant Diflentcrs. 

After a (hort illnefs, Mrs. Coxe, wife of 
Charles Weftley C efq. of Keroble, in 

Ac Kilkpqny, in Ireland, John Batll'ie, 
efq. of Dluican, colonel of the loyal iu- 
vernefs regiment of fencihles. 

Lattfy: At Dublin, Mifs Eliza Clements, 
ddeft daughter of the Right Hun. Henry 
Theophilus Clements. 

lo Jamaica, Alex. Al^^- c^4- ad fon of 
the bte Qr. John A. phyAcian in Invemefs* 

Lieotenaat-col. Janrcs Wood, chief Are- 
nafter of tlie tmyal laboratory, Woolwich. 

Mrs. Macbride, wife of Admiral M. and 
fifter of Sir Martm Browne Folkes, hart. 

At an advanced age, Mr. Qolen>an, of 
Rocbef^er, I^ent. 

At Stanton, co. Qloocefter, aged 109, 
Mrs. Church. In recently calling to re- 
coII«6lion the earlied public events witlna 
her memory, (he well remembered the re- 
joicings at the accelTion of Qjeen Anne to 
the drown of thefe realms (1702). Under 
the fume roof iWed tl)f old lady, tier Uaugh* 

l«r, bar grandfnlMfhtery and her grind- 
daoc^ter^s. childiw), making' four g«nfr3# 
tioQsinonehoafel Her death was haftoiad 
by R (all down ftairs a fm wttka befor*. 

Aged 109, ac ^'enton, near ColcfMt 
Mrs. Mary RjprmaUf. 

At Lbtptnut CO. Rfrefocd, Sftd 105^ 
Mary Davis, widmr. . . 

. In Great Tkhfiel^^^ilrecc, Mrs. Jine 
Catheprood, reliA of Robtrt C. efq. lite 
forgeivn of his. Majv^s f arhibn of Sl 
Augnftin, Eaft Flfetida. ' 

In her 17th r^jM*, it his ionBhip's feac 
at Blytheficld, Stafibndlhire, the Hon. Mid 

In rhe Weft Indies, of the yjellow fever, 
L'levLf. Budlay Fortefcue, of bis Majelty'i 
fliip Pelican, of t% ^ans, Ca|jc. Serle. His 
gal!ant condoA, wben flxe beat off a 
JFrench 40-gun frigate a few months Aace, 
was highly fpoken of in the Gazette. He 
wns an amiable young, a good 
officer, and is uiiiverOtUy lameoceJ by all 
who had the pleafureof his acquaintdnctw 
ITis acconnr of his prem:iture death arrived 
ac h-s mo'her's, at Sc. Beaud^aux, where 
the whole f imily afTembled to cele^ 
brate his birth diy on tli« i^ih of jAauM*}'.- 
when he would have atcaiDeJ ths age of a4. 

Mrs. Stevens, wife of 'John $. tfq. cuU 
liidliir of the cu ^oms at St. Ives. 

At Longfutton, Mr. John Pitt. 

Mrs. Townley, widow of the late Mr. 
T. and grand-daughtisr of the late Wui. T. 
efq. of Norton, co. Somerfet. 

At Hopefay, co Salop, the Rev.Xharles 
Tucker; redlorof that poitih upwards iif 
40 ye^rs. 

In George- ftreet, Edinburgh, Gen, Da* 
vid Graeme, of Br.ico. 

At Banff, George Mur?, efij. late cap- 
tain in the 53'i regiment of foot. 

The Hon. and Kcv. Joh • EUts Ag^r, bro- 
ther to t!ie Right Hon Lord Vifc. clierJen. 

On his le'ivn ^>'£ngl.ind^from Indi.*^ 
for the recovery of his h9nlth,Gco. Luc^ulno, 
efq. of the civil eftablifhment in Bengal. 

In his aoih year, in iu$ pjfiTtge iMMne in 
the Earl Wycombe, Lieut. Pet. HaUdtm, 
fon of (he late Dr. H. nf S'epney, 

At Uppingham, aged 26, Mr. Geo. S'lT in. 

At Uppingham, jged 54, Mrs. E. Parker. 

At Brighoufe, co. Y »rk, Mr W. Crofley, 
engineer to the RiKhJale canal. 

At Norwich, Mr. S. lirigs, rlie Uft roeqa* 
her of a fociety of Herbalifls, who laudably 
p:il&d many of their leifure honrs in the 
0udy and gathering of p,lant», and were the 
firH to cultivate and propagate tlie rhit- 
haib-plant in this country ; whicU they ef. 
felled fo fuccefr fully, as to lival in cplour, 
flivour, nnd meili< inal virtue, |heroo;^of 
the RuiHa and Turkey kii^. 

Mr. Fowler, cootedian. His body was 
taken out of the Severn at Shrew(bury. 
He bad trod the fta^e u\ ch<t cum^ ^tv\^ vA 
%Vh!tley, MilUt, av^NlViwW^ W vi^n? .\^ 


ija Ohituaryof nmarl^ile Perfins\ tuUh Bicgrapkifal JtiicJotis. [Feb. 

•f 30 years. The approach of old age, for 
which be had in.'de ik> prov*i»cmi ip thonghl 
to hSLVc deranged his f4cuM««) and ftodu- 
ced this caialtmphe. He was not confi- 
dered :«s a firft'raie aAofi hot bore tho 
^hara^ler of an honcft wovchf man. 

At Lilbon, Benjainii>*Jaiues Kearney, 
«fq. omnftAlor at livr, ekmtridnof James 
K« efq. of BUnchviUev co. Kilkonny. 

At CregyDter K-ilworth, Irclaml, J^'m . 
HjFde, efq. formerly M. P. for co. Cprk. 

Al Carkf Mrs.C.irlet<inf mother of the 
ILiftht Hen. Lord C 

Rev. Thomas \Vi'.li>n, vicar of Soham 
and- Wh^ldon, cUi Cambridge, and Ged- 
tivjf CO. Lincoln. 

' AC TixaUi CO. Stafford, the Hon. Lady 
Sroythe, rrlift of the l.i«c SW £<lward S. of 
A€lon flurneU, in S!irop(hire, and aunt 10 
Lord Clittord cf Chudlei?:Ii. 

Mr. rimotl.y Dcily, of High HdbourPv 

In the houfc of indurtry, at Worcefter, 

aged 105, Joyce Pcarce ; who rctiincd to 

the la^ il'.e full pofleHion of an excellent 


in the Strand, Mr. Lyde. 
In Jamaica, Mr. Tho Sirap8r» printer, 
f()m*e« ly propnecor of the JamaicaGuaetu, 
aod one «)f the propricuirs of the Daily 
Adveitifcr of "KiugftoR. 

At Rofs, i'l the ifland of Mull, aged 96, 
Mrs. Sufannah Campbell, relia uf Mr. 
Archibald Mtl>an, ivneu ne miniiter of 
the piriOi of Kilfiniclien. Site was the 
ffvwttlier of 19 chilvtren, all of whom Ihe 

At Waterford, in his 78th, Bcnj. 
Morris ef*!. alderman, cliam1)eil;iii>, and 
one «-f the charter-jurticrs, of tliai c^ty. 

In Bryanftone-ftreer, Wm. Hutchinfon, 
efq. agent for tlic iflind of Antigua. 

Ill his 54th year, of a p;'ralyiicalfcdion, 
Thomas Hancock, of Derby, jewel icr. 

At A(hby-de-la Jdouch, :«5ed 106, Han- 
nah Sturges. Sliewell reiiicmhertd the 
rejoicings on the peace of Uirecht in 1713, 
when ibe was 19 years old, ?nd that booths 
were erc^ed in the trwo, ;*nd barrels of 
ale whtcled about and diftnbuted to the 
poor inhab'iunts. An eU'er brother died, 
two years ago, nl Clifton, near Aflih<mrn, 
age-l 109; ^nd another fi.ler at Alhby, 
about 20 years ago, aged 8t>. So thatilnT 
u.uied ages of a brother and two fiftcrs 
\*ere 205 tcts. 

rib. I. Shot himfelf, in the Weft porch 
rf vVcHnwnftei-.^bbsy, C-l. Fiedeiick. 
The c^jnci's jury, on the 3d rcturnrd a 
xtn'ivt of LurtatY. On the Clh, at n^ion 
hii remains were hroiigi.t in a hcarfe 'o 
^t. Afir.c's, Soho, riftctulcd by luo n-.oi -ru- 
ing c« .\chcs: in wHtfh >*ert; Mr. S irliu^, 
Mr. Wi«hy, Mr. M;».cUon:iU, and tuo 
yo!mt?:;'ntl-*men, his pupiH, Mr, Seager, 
and fmi. other icirciluhle icmale houlc- 
holu'riS. Sevc al other gcnilcmim it- 
uaJcd m U)c churcFi, and followed the 

bier to the grave. The body was depoft 
ted at the Weit end of the churcli, cl'fa 
by his father, King Tncodore*. About m\ 
hour before the foiemnit'y, a rcfpe^ablc 
per(on defired that the fiHowing cbarafter; 
in a fair hand-writing, might be placed 
upon the cMirch w.iU ; 

« Here lie 
the fhauerod remains of Col. Frbderk^k, 

Son of Theodore, King of Corfica. 
In his deportment he was a finiflied gen-* 

tleiYian ; 
lu hjcnuur, honefty, and truth, he was 
princely ; 
he was poor incircMmft-anes,hut ridi in the 
polTefllktfi of a moft liberal heart. 
The greateft diftrefs he laboured under, 
wa^ the want of ability 'o relieve the dir* 
trelTes of o:Iiers. 
God he with him." 
—Tins gentleman's unfortunate end draws 
our attention to the hiftoiy of lils father, 
ThccHlore, King of Corfica. In I736'f-, » c* 
ing of a projcif^ing difpofition, with Angu- 
lar abilities and turn of mind, and having 
received h s cdnc.ition irt the Frenchfe.vice, 
he availed lumfclCc f tlie keen difputcs be- 
tween the Geooefe and Curiic.ins, and 
alpired to the ihnme of Corfica. He 
wrote to Rivaroia, their Plenipotenti- 
ary in Tofcany, promifing confulerabb *f- 
fiitance if they would make him k'ng, 
and then failed and landed .it T^vagoa. 
He was a man C)f ftatcly appearanc-.-, at id 
wore a Turkifli drcfs, which aided to the 
dignity of his mien j and he w.-s prvjclaimcd 
kiiig before Rivalora*s difpatcJies arrived. 
^e blocked up tl c foiti<ied towns, and 
ufcd vaiious aitifictf* ti eftablifti hiiufdf iu 
their fa\'bur by to fj.y with a 
lelcfcope the veliels yi a iliflaiKe comin'C 
with his promiled aid, and by caufu.- 
packets to be frujuently brought him, 
which he pic'cndcd lo bsdlfpaichts from 
the cO'Hts of Europe ace editing him as 
King of Corhca. After having been iheie 
about eight months, h-J ptrtcivrd th:.t their 
affe(Slion«» began to cool lowards him, and 
he determined to leave them f . r a u hile. 
Jo Holland he gained credit with fomc 
Jew» f.r canuoa and ft^ies, i.i^der il.c 
charge of a fiipercargoi wiiJ^ ihcfe he 
xctuin'jd in 173';* and then put to dcaili 
thefupertaigo, that he might n.)t hiive any 
trouble his demanJs. K/ tMs time 
the French h'd become lo pov^ctfi.-l m tiie 
(Hand, ih.r. T!ieoJ(4'e did- not lii^Uue to 
vcnrorc his I'crfon, the Gciunrff havinjj 
frt a hig!) price upon J[a> head. 11-j thcie- 
foic chofj t(» rehinjtiiili his I'.j.'nc, ;»nd 
gave up li.s vicv\^ oi anibitioii f.r fafcty ; 


* It is by many, hovvcvei, d.<ubicd whe- 
ther \\c really the ft.n of Tl.eodofe. 

f \Vt luve fcin a fmall c- 'ppc'r coin with 
IVie kiters T. U. (*l"heji!or«>- Kcx) on one 
ilJ?i and^ ott Uic otlicri 17^4. 


Vl^.^OhhumpfrtmarkaUiPirfons\ with Bl9grephic§l AnecJiffts^ 1^3 

there evidence that he was ■ fecretty the Lace Wm. F. efq. and oMof tl^e dni^ 
Supported bv aiiy Euro|«ean pnver. Ou tersaiKia)-heireiresof AmbrofeStevenfos^ 
the oilier hand^ lie wa« a m\^(k ring*jbr efq. <>f Manor -hotife, co. Durham. 

man, axid had been fo beaten about hy 

change of fortune, that he Iiad toft the 

'eominon fentimentt vf mankind, and 

▼iewed thingi as one who is m^d, or 

drunk, or in a fever: all opinions iiiefn 

to agree that he was of fervice in reviving 

the (pirit of the nation, which after nnany 

years of conftant war wai be^nning Co counting houfe, Mr. ILdw. Mayoard, jua. 

droop. .'He came to England, where h« hriewer, much lamented and refpe^led. 

Was ikrrefted for debt, sod took the benedt At Athbnrton, on his way to Lifboo^ 

bf an infolveot a£t, under which h« regiV* Lieur.-col.. Draper, of (he 3d rcg. '(»f goarda* 

tcred hts kingdom as a part of f^is eite^s Ar N )rth.aniptoii, H^ed 18, altera fevera 

afligned to his creditors* : and fcon afier and linsrerinK illncf^, Mr. Theophilos Bey* 

died in the parifh of St. Anne*s Weftmm- uai, fou of Mr. B. comedian. 

At Deal, in his 65th yeaf, B^r. Thonlt 
Oakley, brewer and- banker. 

4. At WaJihnmftow,. aged o<, Mru 
Fawlor, the eldcil and Lift furyiving dao. 
of Commrriioner P. 

Ac Civatham, fuddtnljr, in a fit of apo- 
plexy, while tranCuttiug hD(ioe& in fiie 

fter, where the following infcription m..rks 
\iy% tomb: 

' '< ^7ear this place is intened 

Theodoi ■ king of Curfica ; 

who died in this parilb, Dec. 1 1, 1756, 

immediately after le.iving 

tbe King's Bench prifon, 

by tlie benefit of xtie a^ of intolvency ; 

in conCequence of which 

he regiftered his kingdom of Cof fica, 

for the ufe of his creditm s 

The grave, great teacher, to a level brings 

At Xor^bampton, vs ra. Sreer, efq. 
- At AOihy-de-ia Z'wch, Mr. Oibb<^ or- 
ganift of that place. The facetioufnefs c€ 
his mAnnei*s, united with a general good 
con(hi«il, gained him the efteem of a nu- 
merous .nnd very refpe^able acquaintaocdL 

At Rath, Mifs Csiroline Uoikyns, daogl^ 
terofSirH. H. hart. 

Suddenly , atTrjlee, VV. Blennerhaflistyef^ 

5. At Hampftewl, aged 66, TiKNnas 
Longman, efq. many years a very confix 
derahl«* b«x>krener ia Pater-nofter Row| ft 

Heroes and beggars, ga]lcy-fl:ives and kings; man of the molt exemplary cliafa^er in 

But Theodore this moral barn'd,eredead, .. his prufeihon, a:id ^ univerfally efteemetf 

Fate poui 'd its Idfon on his livinc head, I for Jiis benevolence as for iiis integrity. 

^cflow'U a kingdom, atkl deny'd him f Mis. Heard, of Diury-hne theatre, 

brcadf." •' Mr. Thomr-s Thacker, of Coventry. 

At Briftol Wells, Mrs. Henry Gore F.u: advanced in years, Mr. GoodaU, faiv 

Wade, wife of Bi igade^major W. of Lea- raer and gnzier, of Market Deeping* 

therhead, Suncy, but now on fervice in At Edinburgh, Major |ohn Melvil| of 

tbe Weft Indies. Cainiey. 

6. M rs. BLtcklhaw, of Deronfhire-ilree^ 
Portland pbce, cldeft daugliter of Mr. 
AU'erman Cuihingtnn. 

A: Plymouth, after a few days iKnef;, 

Capt.' Auguftus M'Mitgomety. of Jiis Mi- 

jelly's ihip Thefeu?. He particularly dif- 

and brother to John T. efq. tingui^ed himrelf- in the Mcditerraneair. 

He mame.l a daughter o? the late when commander of the Courageux, in 

Aged 75, Mrs. Bankes, of Lincoln. 

2. At vvimef would, co. Leicefter, need 
67, Mr. William Fiifaer, an eminent far- 
mer and grazier. 

In Bury (Ireet, Edmonton, Thomas 
Tficed, efq. formerly of Mark-bne, wine 

Mr. Wigfccfrr, who dieti a few ycar« before the a^ion wherem the Ca Ira and Cenfeor 

bun, Leaving feven childi en. 

3. Shot himfelf, at his boufe at DebVn- 
hail, Etfex, Richard Muilman Trench 
Chllwcli, tfq. M.P. for the boruush cf 
Aldbort.ugh, co. Yoik. Tnis nitl.Micholy 
fuic'.de was occarioned by a cliain of unfiic- 
Ccf^ful f|vculations on Weii-I-idia eltaics. 

At Bith, John Popkin, efq. of CnyiUrc- 
hcjie, Glamorgaiilhire. 

At Norwich, Mrs. Sandby, wife of the 
|Lev. Dr. S. 

At Chelfea, Mrs. F irquMaifao, rclifl o^ 

were taken. 

At St.innford, Mrs. Peat, wife of Mr. P. 

At Shecrnefj:, aged about 6u, Mr. Wm. 
S'liT-bfoK, maftir maft-m*kerof tlie dock* 
yaixl ai liiii pi ice. He was a preaclier of 
lb-; \c^\ of MethoJifts, and authw of 
*'Cljn(tiaiiS P:igrim:ige," and of a "Plea 
io\ tlie Sh!'»v^ rights." 

7. Mr. Hoinox, wateh-maker, Strand. 

At C:i:Uo haiy, in lier 90th year, Mtt. 

Ac Kingftand, in his 69th year, Joh<l 

U5)fd, elq. m.oy years one of his Majcf- 

ty '5 c »mm»lfi()r.cis of l.iiid-tax. 

♦ The aihgnmcLit anil great feal of \m 
Xingdom are m the hamU t»f Lord Orford.; At Uoiton, v;f>. Lincoin, after a lingerin* 
as we gather from Mi.Bviweli's Hirtory i'l:tfs, t!;e Hon. Mrs. C. Lindfay, wife of 

the H(jn. and J<ev. G. L. and only daughter 
ai Thomas FvdsH, M. P. for that borough. 

of. C'jrf:ca. 

f Ilxfe lines have l>een faid, how truly 
«'e know not, to be fiom itie pen of Lord 

^i K.onti(h-(own, Mr. J.»hn Parry. 
Oq^I. M.irgaret'j bank, LCoc\^fcV\tt^^^v 

■ ■ • . . - _ 

.t74. Obituary efttmarhhh Ptrfont; with Shgraphtcal Ani(ddU\ [Feb, 

' Hatfheady who had been blind f rom Tiia /t)dety in th? meridian of life; whu ha<f» 

infaitcy. till this fatal circumftance, enjoyed iinin* 

Aged 8q, Mrs. Allen, fiftey to Mr. Al- temipud licjlih f»r more cbnn 40 years 

dtrman A. of St;niforJ. In bis 73*1 year, Tho. White, cfq. F.R.S, 

8. At Blacklieaihy Mrs. Hamilton, wife I.^ At Fairficl(l*fidc, Croydon, Surrey, 

of Mr.'W. Hamilton. SamusI Robinron, efq. 

Advaneed in years, Mr. Hnnt, an cmr- At Oafton's bo»ife, Blechinsley, Mrs. 

ticnt farmer. ofCaftetton, Rutland. PeMatt, wife of Wm P. rfq. one of hft 

Ar K'V advanced age, D.ivtd Greene, M«jcfcy'& jufiices of the perce, t^nd a dc^ 

well known by the name ftf Shonny Mim- puty-'.icutcuaiit for t^e county of Surrey, 

%9n. He ]iveJ nnn-ards of 40 years in (lie Aged'Sjf, Mrs. Claypule, of Beltjn, in 

Service of Mr. C>blcy, of LeiceAer, »nd Rutland. 

trasrouchefleem»id f »il»efirn|>iicity of his 14. Of a fever, aficr a week's illnefs> 

manners, and f)r his hf>ncfly and integrity, aged 63, at the cottier of Eirex-ftrt-et^ 

^ On Claplum common, after a long Strand. Mr. WilKam Enuvn, hookrettefy 

illnefs Smiuel Proud^ot, eftj. He ferved his apprentice. hip with, and 

Suddenlv, W. Wilton, efq. metchant^ was-lifterwariU many years jonmeyman to\ 

PretCat-Ureet, Goo.tmaii's 5elds. Mr. Sa'ulby } on whofe quitcing bufihe^s. 

At Weym(Hi{h„ M»* Ferting, relldl of 17 •• he opened the (hop in which he died, 

the late Dr. F. reflor of VV)ke Regis, co. He married the only fiiUr of Mr. Harnfoii, 

DorfeC. ' furgeon and apothecary, of Enfiehl, ajif<l 

Aged 68, Mr. J -hi PoWerton, hook- of the Rev. Mr; H. difTciuiMs minKHf' at 

binder, to ycurs pantb-cleiK of St. Peter Warrington ; by her he hid one f<*, 

M Arches, Lincoln.. who diad an infant; an.l (he died 170. % 

Mr J. MiUg'.ey, rrwny ycni-s mafter of and, we underi^an^, he- has divided his Kit'* 

the Kitii^fton's Arms mn, in Newark. tune between h;r br«»thers and thcif chil- 

iO. In her a6ch year, ai the Kot-weM;, dren, after m.ikin| p<>v Tion foe his mvn 

8riAoi, where (he v^ent for the recovery of poor reiatiimii, wh;>are very* few. ^He w.45 

tier health, ihe Right Hon. Laily Mary inteife'i, near the remains of his wife, at 

Milfingthvirn, wife of Lord Vi(c<niat M. EnfielJ, on the 24th. 

She bore an affl>elin:; illnrfs with uncom- At Faling, l.aJy Morgaiii wif«5 of S\f 

man. fortitude and rrfignntion. She was Sir Cfiarl.'s M. bavt. 

theon!y d.uighterof the D:»ke:ind Dtitcheli At Southwick, iiear Hnrrfmooth, Tho. 

of AncafteV. Defervedly cllcen ed by her White, tU\. fevera! tunc; mayor of Portf- 

^amily an>{ fr>ends, to ths p'v>r (he is an mouth ; of the moll re pi^tabie charadUr 

irreparable lofs, » her leading tVatures as a man and a magillrate. 

ivere benevolenfce aud chanty. At Buxton, Walter Mather, efq. of 

Mrs. Errin^con, reliil ol tlic ble jnftice Sp(»nlon, near Derby. 

-E. of Hampfte.-id. T^. At Canterbury, of a pulmonary 

In Upper Grofvenor-ftreet, Mrs. Catha- coniumpticm, after muiy months illnef^, 

fine Fennrtnt. with the m-td exemplary patienc^ 

At Exminfter, Mrs. Lardner, wife of and refignation, in his 25111 year^ Mr. 

James L. efq. Edwin Le Grand, fnigeon ; a young man 

111 Wcftmiiifcfr, aged 67, Mad. Barce, of tl\u fairelt prolj^c^, and moft promi- 

ib mmed from deali g in Barcelona nuts fing exp^ A itions. 

and apples. The liad been a conftint at- At Br >okc-grcvn, Hammeifnvth, Mrr. 

Undent in the lobbv of the Htnife of Lords, Cnrpue, rc'i^ of Mr. Henry C. Lite of 

ant' ferved tlierr lorcihips with her choice Duke-(\rect, Lincrtli/s-inn-helds. 

fruit upwards of £6 ysars. After a very (cverc affli^ion for many 

Mr. Sarah Mortimer, wife of Mr. Wm. years, which he bore with greate(t paiteiice 

M. jun* of Exeter, fuilcr. andChn(tianrt:fignati'ia,tlieRey.NatlTanael 

At A(k, near Sandwich^ advanced in Trotter, Te6\or of Btifwprth, near Nor^ 

yetrs, Mr. Jolm Fuller. thamptoti; and of ThurlcOon, 00. Leic. 

, II. At Dawli/h, where he refided feve- 16. Aged 72, W. Ilium McKine, efq. 

ral years, Snoivden White, M. D. of Not- ' 17. At Wefton F.tvcl!, near Northamp- 

tingham, wlmfe life was marked by uni- ton, in his 75th year, fmcereiy lamented 

yerfal bene valence. by 1m$ famiW a-id friends, after a compi;. 

At Lichfield, aged 6S, Cary Robinfon, cation of difTders fur fe vera! yean, which 

etq, one of the aldermen of That city. |^ bore with great pHV^ence and rcAgn.i- 

At Lougliboiough, in his 38th year, Mr. tioi), the Rev. RiMtert Knight, M. A. 37 

William BliM)r, of trie Green Man inn. years ro^or of that [>ari(b, minil^cr ujf 

Mrs. YdUiig, motlier of Mrs. Gibbons, Clifton chapel, Oxfordlhire, chaplain to 

of Stami'nrd. tho fiari of Radnor, and fi»nnei ly fellow 

12. At Warniinfter, aftei ten days ill- of Pembioke College, Oxford ; a chara6^er 

ntfs, Mr. Kdward Butter, »n emioenc roTpedtablo throogh life, 

chandler. It is luppofed Oeepiiig in » TO, Su<)denly, in his chair, at Pc;)tferd^ 

d.nip bed has cut off a jofeful mao from in his 76th year, Mr. Robert Mo'^nr'. 


AVEHACE mCES of COR^, Iram tht Retgnil endins Fsb, t8, rffj. 



BT> B«»leT 


I. J. 

,. / .. J 

UUlJlrt 3» T 

15 ot« 1 

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JO olit 10 

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Dertr £4 "' 

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&««np oi EoiUoJ and WalM, per qitxnc 
^S» 1134 iU< 41'S "1=8 
ATfn|B«f ScttUtti, pcrqawur. 
4S «lio»|»7 8l>8 8|i9 ■ 

' Hwleyl.Oati ! 



OnhJRh -S4 5 !>• jb 
Anglctn OQ 

t:liinQrg. 57 JEM 
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Devon . j( 
Cnniwill jB 

AVERAGE PRICE, hf *hich Expo. ULiuti ind Bonol 



S 8 11 t 






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4M. tooot.|Mid^l.iiS 311. [0481. IHorlaPtilUnl 8iUum«4 

jSfc to jSfcF™ Pollard i,no m Biw» 81. ««. to «. 

' tlk. to jM-ICommondittojisodEnijiod j 

9&TKEAL, jwr Boll oi )4olhi. Aioirdupoii, )6t. fd. ' 


fiU KM. to 7I. 71 I Sulfcx Pockeu 5I. t«». to 61. ift^ 

cl. OI. to 61- toi. Oitm B*jt 4I, !-(. to 6" 

Ml »l. M. <o mLm. ' EtfexDino 


St. Jimm-f— H»T 4'- 4»- oJ- w s'- S'- »J- *'". 4'- I4S. «d. 

•tr»w II. lAi. 6d. ij, od. Awr. il. igt. 3d. 

Aierage Price^pr SUGAR, cr^miu'r,! t'-»Tithe r«uinu mid* in tha waek (odinf F«li. ib 

1797, ii 6JC sjj, per ... . ., <^ <Jm)r ufCununwiwi^ or )uiT»li^U>««i^ 

on tjw iniP''rtii.oii iJ, 1 . ■." . .1. . .. '■ . ■ . , 

SHiniFietD, Fch. u. Tofit>|[ih«<^~p«ftaicof8IbL 
riact 45. 04. » 4i. W. I PoHt . 4». ©d. to n. 4ii 

t-UM'-m. 4<. 4>l. «i4<- 8>l.' Limb e>. od. 10 M. IT 

VuL iJ..od. W «*, «d; ■ * 

..Taijw; per Ami* nf Sib. 41. ti. ' ■ 
1^k\4. Hcwofftk ijfc ad. to ]«i. ed. SnMia^t ^. ^l.t* ii\nL 

Ill ^iillpi * 

ti. »tis.ts. tts-its 


Hi! I! ! 

S s.- 



Li. -'-.-.^"■ss 


n ; 

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|x. " 


The Gentkmatf^ Magazine ; 

Uaji't EvEni*! 
(••n^e Chres. 

n<« San— Sbtr 

Cnglilli Chrnn. 

CAiricr— Ev.Ma- 

Hue nA Cij. 

■(amine Chpaa. 

Herdi!— Or>cl< 
Morijiog foR. 

B«k I, BriAal 4 

Bucks— Sary 

C*nnrb*rjF > 



For MARCH, 1797. 


if..r Fth^anit MaTCli,iT97 I7i Coodaa of Che Stnignnt C^tr^f lanfiJtcyd 104 

The Reliirn of Migruurir BirJi invsftlsaieil 179 \ AcMiint uf the F«nilf of Trimblecilowne 
TlicFillinjnf^t-mesriiinitlwCliiiHltciinriileic.lii. ! A Prologue oE Oarrick'i pn>p«ily ftmJ 

Charaaei'tifil.BliteDrHiinili'.iii'f IrefcflBl 183 ■■ "*-' — ' "-- ' 

:nwilC'oii&iin|^Kpu>|i|iii'tC >unih-yardii8i 

[inuteiit KiiiE i<i Lxljci of 1.n~eF<>rliiiias rSj 

leOp-ralinnnf Q^Anne*EBuuin|P tcHliiiiM 1S4 

Well Hro-"*lc1. Churiih. co. Staff, JeiCriTfil i*. 
tiK Eltniityof X fiUomSiatB of fimilbiDer.i it£ 


iriicv. vrr. I. illuftt»teJ iSf 
Kai.ili il;Tilli«eJ— Mittsll^.ne bis Romaik* 19] 
". MwhuJ 1 f fuiHiiK »nd iircTers'^iij BIrJs 194 
A Letter (rrtflft Dr. Siukeif to Dr. Dutirel ij? 
ChfrtfeaAbhey— ^Tsefat'sPafl^T-eortrTliimBbi*. 
II Cell f^'iifiil in Fiiifjnliite lielcrihtJ aoo 
intofCiritingiunCrofcinBAiirurjaiire A. 
Utter fiom Mr. T. Colby (u Sir Hen. Sidn^/A. 
A reran KMt Seal— ^u< ioiij AbSolt'i Self loi 
CanTcnBctl Phurchcj— C lin iif K. Edw. I* '. /*. 
Hiaaric3lTnahviabteilIii<Wm.tbdEllE ' loi 
ASai'sHnnifiJuiidatCujIiifunI, Sune* i<-3 
AnlkciU Coins (tnind in Medbonrri Field itii. 
EmbellillKa witli Views of Di 

r, Sta»i 

i Cai 

TmcsiiC D*U|<r£— Heirs Iu rile LnivjZoiicliei ~. 
Dr.Billaii,tl|t.iif Winchoiler — Mr. Qibtaon 107 
Fioii'i M<K<« of axlvs]iii)[ rimner noi new log 
Tie Vdlose of Sn'^hory I'ry anil faluhri'xu 109 
EUk-n^in Catholic and dbrnuru liifl) F«n«ei iro 
A tferr relative loiheMSS. «f tl,B Kt«an 1*. 
On UircaksuE Aoinal^— Huveil Bulltrjci 111 
Cc^'iElcer?— MifoelUncnuiC<ir'e£liaM na 
l'ii>ce«dinEiafttie|>refaii5e(Ii>ina4P.irliun«nt ti. 
Tlie rj|»d DfCrftife uf l/imber BlHrm'rt|[ 114' 
H lit foagtftej for Piopagition of. Tii^her lit 
A Plan f.H- ictiimi IrthnK I Pnckei-PJdri iii 
Rfu^al Hifiory— The Chilieru Hundreds 117 
An iflvettnte Error in l6ljh conefbd ihiJ. 
F vrlynon the Cnltnrc of the Ei^Oi Timpie 1 1 g 

Indsx iHnrcAToiTUs— Qnenwanfwcted 4: 

SELtc-r PoiTmv,AtiiienlandMo.lci^(j4.— Cjg 
fnleriflti[ Intel ligencofromLofi Jon (itt(it«i»J5 
Cmintry News — DomaltlcOccutTeiicHito.Lfe 
M3iTu;|M, Deatbiof eminent Perlnn^ i^g— 1A4 
Djiily Viriatiom in the Pricaa of tlid Stodd aSi 
- Caul., BtKSi ; W«*r B>OMii^f«il 


arenurkiibie Sialj SCslt j Givrtj, ftc. At... , 

! ^y 

s r LrjiN 

{lA^MJ^..^^.^ Hy 


w««<I.IILeU.rtIothiBditdtirBdenTwHBbe«dilWfid.PolT.tA\l., n"^ 

WinJ. Barom. J'"'"''"f^^'?J^'jSlate of Waather in January, 179J, 

4SW calm 

ii^KE modmitc 
i:'SW nimlnat 

i^'SW brilk 
TS ■■■* briik 
j« S-.V ejlm 
l7gE Mini 

19 S se. 

17 SB gclllB 
'i. Thegalt! ablieJal 




4 1.1 


4 "s ' 4- i -s 

clear « i'.h Tan 

HI47 47 ■( •' 


M>,4i +4 »■= 

dcir, wUh tun 

40 4« 47 



■4^ J 7 <2 

r,iii, an.) clfHT 

40 3A S 


(un at HilifMil* 

JO 35 4* 
44 3* 19 



ele«r MParfK fi.n, Jelighifnl .1 

47 «» 44 

l-j nvstcaft, runal-ftiurtjglervjli 

>T 13 f 

1-0 fun •('inni'nh 

.as 4. 4j 


»hfcurt,rjin 11 right 

S* .'fl ** 


75 li 34 

hail-norcn>, wi(h (howcis 


1U1, wiih'cloudi 

)8 tS 





cl««n«&fty, Ibn 





clear, wiib fun 




i»iU ind pleaEint 



i\oai\tlt. With (on 











ruii>liclii cttitdi 




.Lbghtfol day 




fee, andfnnatinttfTate 



fog, but clears up 




. 1 

clear, wtth run 
clear, wHh fun 

t, having cuntinutil for three J»T* i"''' d'S reii* 
vik>IeiMe, aihl accompaiiUJ fomctimn witb rain. — 1. Honcf-fnoklefnUatBjilie 
huiiiofihe lima glow lurgicljjnd thileJ wilh pale green, Thalark fniS5,— 3. Polyanthu"; 
Anwers.— 7. Saop-dfop IWers. I'llbeit finwen.— g. Several lierbacenui plants liive 
Milken ground uitliin tlicfa few ^ay<. ]iil«£)t fpni*^ in ibolir. — 9. A irinfl itnciimmi n 
Bilil day M this fwiiia, al! animaleU Nalure feeiBsto pinake of in influence ; incieiJihle 
u it may xppetr, in the evening, or rai lier early ibnut one o'clock the next mornine, 
fFfcr.'l gimlcmcu licarJ not led than fix ihiofllet, ill (inging aliernatcl)', and in tefjimiia 
the Tillage c.icklwe™ »lfo erm-ingai thif early hnur.— 1 1- Coieus flnwcn.— 11. Mtie- 
»eoD floweti, Goof.hcriy-buihlTiili — A btauiful DripcJ borizon ai fun-Iei. — 10. Pur- 
ple panfy flowtn, Goll'mer floats — u. A renurluble Orouglit in the air, not only m 
appears froni ihc hygrumeler, but fium fonie paiflt uut of ituors, uliic'i diieil aimriA In- 
^antmeouQy.— 14. Gotlamer HiaisluAbuiulMicej the llikfojri.— iS. GuafsLicny buih 
Ickliates.— atl. N oit hern lie Iils brilli nit. 

Fall nt rain, .50. Eiaporationp 1 inches i-ioih. 

I. TiSLE for February, 1797. 

Hoight if FahrcnIiBit'i TlierAometer. 

Height of I-ahv; 



!tarom. We^ 


- c 

li. 1 


^.pM.a, teb. ,797. 



!S *4* 


JO, 16 'air 



i4 : 4S 


,C9 .11 r 



19,98 tjir 





,88 r.ui 






.79 '■'''■ 










,S4 (>>' 






14a fair 





,7 J cloudy 



jQ,oa luir 





19,94 i^iiniDdrnow 






.73 cloaJy 





.66 clon.itwinJy 





,<S FiiraniVwiadi- 






^5 faiMBdwinay 



= •■5' 

u. pu. 

n [■eb. 1797. 



















































Qentlemaris Magazine : 

For MARCH, 1797. 


Mr. Urban, DuSiiw, March 15. 
^ifl^tf^^ S in the courfe of the 
^ ^ ^^^^ month the return 

v5 A ^ °^ miny of our migra- 
7»v ^ y*\ lory birds may be ex- 
78^ $ft pcfleci, iHow me to 

)e()J^^)f^)j^ recall the artenrion of 

vour readers to this 
inrercning fubjcft ; defuing they w:ll 
carefully Qhferve, whcj^her aoy Swal* 
lows* appear without the long ^athcri 
which form their forked tails ; for, as 
it has been afceitained that the laft 
bnods, at ieift, in every Summer leave 
us before they have attained this dif- 
€iDdioQj if any appear in Spring with- 
out them, fuch may be luppofed to 
have pafTed the Winter in a torpid flate. 

Le( me now communicate a very ex- 
traordinary phxnomcnon concerning 
soother race of birds of paifage, the 
Cuckows, which occurred )a(l Summer 
id the North of Ireland. The follow- 
ing particulars may be depended on. 
In a gentleman's^ garden in the couniy 
of Dowoe (lat. 5*. »3' N.) appeared for 
feveral days (vix. from the i8ih to the 
2 ad of July, 1796^ a great number of 
Cuckbwi, judjge^i ta he between forty 
liiid 6fty at ieaft. They ufually ftt 
upon the buflies, picking, as the gar- 
dentr thought, the ripe goo{ct)errtes 
(but more probably the caterpillars and 
fofcfts f on ihofc flirubs). They 
fee'med to he quite fleepy and dozing {, 
fo as to permit any perfon aimoll to 
touch them, though I do not 6nd that 

*• See an elegant Odo in p. 235. Edit. 

t Like otber birds, that feed chiefly on 
infe^ the Cuckow is in Italy eaten as a 
^reat delicacy. A gentleman, who has 
had this bird on his tabje, informed the 
writer, that the flefh is white, aiul very 
well cafted. Having no incubation, Sec* 
to perform, it is never out of feafon during 
the Spring months ; and, from die abun- 
dance of its food, is extremely fat. 

{ See, in vol. LXVI. p. 116. what Mr. J. 
Lalkey oommun^cated concerning the iuoc 
lA the Swallows. ^DIT* 

any oir aAually (utfcrcd b« 
caught. There wa<; in the gardeo a 
ned of young b-ack-l)irHs, fcarc^y 
fledged : of thcfe the Cuckows dtftrov« 
ti ail but two ; and they were feen to 
tear them to pieces, a^ was judgtd, to 
devour them ; for, the gardener rcfciicd 
one of thefe from'xheir talons, which 
had \\y$ Ug and wing t<->rn off. Some 
few of them, .perhaps not more than 
two or three, cried the note CucKOW, 
ai in Spring, but in a very faint and 
ho^rfe manner. N»r weie more than 
two ever )ieard at the fariic time. ,This 
gaidcn, which contains two acres of 
Irifli planutioQ meafure (that is, more 
than three Englijb ftatute acre^), was 
frequented by mar.y of thefe birds du- 
ring the whple day; but the greateft 
number colle£led in the evening, abouit 
the time the gardeners were quitdog 
their work. After the aid of July te* 
mained 00 1 v pnc pr two, which appear- 
ed to be Tmaller than tfte reft; and ' 
thefe continued there two cr three days 
after all the 'othfcVl wete gone. The 
leffer Uiids yi^ere u6ferv);d to fliy about 
them, an4 ifteir them, as in the Spring. 
The piece'dioj^ account comes froni a 
perfon of undoubted veracity. ' * 

Let me now offer' a foJution df tKc 
difficulty rci^&\ng il^e fail ej Jloiuf 
from ibt ctouds, which I havie heiiurd 
rut;ge(l«d by a Naturalift of ^eat emi- 
nence in this country. It hath been 
afcertaiiied that the elef^rical fluid' is 
fomctimcs ilifcharged from the earthen- 
to the clouds*! or, in other words,«> 
that lightning afcends as well a« de», 
fcends. With what irrefiftible power 
it forces its wav it is needlefs to d.e* 
fcrihe. If we fuppofe the afcending 
column of clefViical flu'.d to have burn 

■ ■ < m ' 

* Se^ m the Philofophical Traofac* 
tions, the curious memoir of Lord Scan> 
hope, to account for the eledtncal Ihocfc: 
which killed fome horii» and their driw 
in Scotland a £bw ^99» iiflK^ defcribe^ ^ 
(if r. 6i7d9iie» 

182 A Comfmnt on Oiconomy in funerailnfcripthnU [Mar» 

wat hU hiAift as being in the fwiguhr 
PUT.h' r, tl.c head ij itriaitty crng'j bcjl 

On perofing your Magazine, p. ic6, 
1 came in courfe to ihe lopographicil 
<i<. fviripiioo of Wroxton, and was ple^fed 
to !cf that my Iplrit w^s going, to be 
1*. othcd, having lately loft a rooft amia- 
ble, ?.ffe£lionatt, very nt>r and dcarrc- 
la:i( n ; and it was fo. Litt'c did Ilx- 
pwtl that 1 (houUl be riride not to fmilc, 
tvuL to lau^hf by tht concluding infcrip- 
Tio^^. Q^ ought I nor, Mr. Urban, to" 
write "\t infer iption/^ for, it is thuc- 
In onc^ on the three ladies of Gciild* 
fo;J. I ccoclpde the common people 
o\ WroXion call it the *• Co<WAtej'i' 
Jican,** As his Lorcjfliip fecms wifely, 
fruJeniiy (he was ^yiry prudent man, 
Mr. Urban, 1 alTurc yoXi), to have 
dealt in heirefTcs, X do think it is a pity 
that he did not gineroujly bellow on 
tach a feparate monuoncnc^ fufelv, on 
the CountefSf who beftowed on his Lord- 
ihi;^ her ya(l paternal eiute and all her 
V.vvesl, in preference to her o-i(;/z (liter's 
childieoythegrand'Children of heroicii 
father, two of them her eliVis -y fuch 
nvortb ought to have [\zStfiparaie su- 
pr RB monument. For, let the ** falf$ 
. marble** fay what it may, / <u;///kn<>w 
that ** the EiccRUCiATiNG grit J ^** 
uhich bis Lordfhip tela us be fuHered,, a: Icjift in the lafl inHancc, ivoU' 
J ^rjutij indeed fifttned by her Lady- 

ftip's UJi WILL and TESTAMENT; 
and fttcbjortitude had his Lordfhip even 
in hi& terj old age, that, pro bouopub' 
iico, n » <Ioul>l, he would have lifqucd 
a fourth excrtuiatiofty \\ his Lotdihip's 
t/ratorical powers (bis teeth all gone), 
and that of his really wife Tons, could 
have prevailed on the delightful, ac- 

compVi/hed Lady Dowager W -4 to 

have accepted hi^ band \ of his keari 
the lefs the better, 

1 am very glad, Mr. Urban, that no 
man of quality tytx thought of taking 
mt to wife. I fliould not hke to have 
been 10 kuiiJltd togc'.hcr with three or 
fciii more. I fhould prefer a monii* 
»ncnt to myfelj^ cvtn were my huiband 
ro infcribe on it, that 1 was lomecimce 
a *vtxeWf or even ^Jlattsrn, 1 well re - 
Tjtrrrb'T f.'iyir^i; tlr :c vi r. words /♦ my 
IrjuL'jrd 0.1 his co.i.i.ip i ii a journev j 
. ni{, p.iiVinj; tJirouiiii i'— — in Buck* 
in^h.imniijt , the chuich being cican- 
i. I,, ih. ooois weic cpcn, he got out of 
i ji. c>'<ji:!i, Went in, ai;ci ;liere faw with 
t%Ji^n^t{onj A% he.tohj his family on hii 
aixivi; 111 home, a gKat clumfy mai* 

ble, like a Chefliire cheefe, with the 
frllnvving infcriprion x •* Here lye Hef- 
Itr :*' liie Chtiftian names nf the other 
tw :» p^r buddUd wives I have forgot ; 
but well femeiT«bcr the pith of the eU» 
gau't infcrplibn. ' " Hete lie HcHcr (in 
order to have them ill Scripture names, 
as thtfy fcem to have been mixed crea» 
turcs, I wiM inferi), Sulan, and Mary, 

wives of the Ho'tfeurable — — ^ , 

three as good wpmen as ever GOD 
blrflfed uny man with." 

rknov/ he is a gie'at, I will not (rf 
EXCELLENT, Gcconoroift, as he had an 
jmmenfe fortune originally from his ex- 
cellent HUnr, to whom I had the honour, 
the happioefV, rb be known in my early 
yowth, before fie went to hear, ** I wa$ 
an hungered, tnd ye fed me ; naked, 
and ye cloathed me,'* &c. when, or 
whether evtr, either of her honourabTe 
nephews may hear it or n'>r, tonci ms 
%bem more tj know, than it doc. me ro 
enquire ; I can only fay, / bop'e tbey 
may, as, aiihoueh one is the mofl nro- 
fufe, the other the n;nH parfimonious, 
of tonourabUs and rigbt bonturabifs^ 
thev are the great grandfon^ of a noble 
perfon, who wasy» wifc.yi excellent an 
«:conomi(l, that as hi^ly Job fayt (from 
the higheft of bis friends to the pofjred, 
the meaneft of all arouud him;, '< when 
the eye faw him,^then it,b!tftcd him," 
&c. &c. 

I am uncertain whether he has put 
himfelf to the expence^df a few letters 
and figores, to tcH in whit years HW 
excriiciatfons ^^ppened. His firft lady 
1 kaew-wifl i^ idy early youth. She 
was aS'^i/zV/ a litt^ fodl -it ever lived. 
After her dealfh, a'gcntleman fa'd flie 
had icOfOool, I turned to a relation 
of hers, f*ying. '* Had Mifs —— — fo 
much as that ?" To which ihe replied, 
** Oh, yes I (he had, or I promifc you, 
my dear, the had nfuer been Mrs. 
— ." Four or five of the company 
concurred in the fame opinion. 1 ha>'c 
never feen Mr. — — ~ ; fo whether he 
has, what the acuteft man 1 know 
fays are injallibie figns of pariimony, 
pinched-in finger-nails, and a con- 
irafted nofc, 1 know not. 1 would 
advife his nixt lady to make it an ar- 
ticle in her marridge»fettlement x.o 
have a nice Utile monument to ber/eff, 
-and not b£ added in two lines, under 
the*^ others, 'a fourth good wife, as 1 
think my hufband (aid there a as- room 
left f wr on* or tnuo moie psur bi*Qurabtc 

' Wlien I was. I young woman, Mr, 


1797^1 :^^*''^ '^ Ladies ofl^nr-gt. F^rtuna cnhecotmng JV^vtu i^. 

Ifrbsgi, a very woKhjf ,.^nt-eman of 
Very Iar|^e fodunt did ine -the honour 
to rh rk of me^for his third wife. I 
felt iiJorS of icpu^nftnte Jti the thpui^ht 
oi icccprin^ h.m. Alihouph lie had, 
in the p« iih*((iurch whtiir his paterPr* 
fetil was, eft£lcd two m.'gnihc^nt ji' 
f^rcU monuineci« lo ih«.r ao (11 ceattd 
i^iriiet, ore a very pi eat foMune. t^c 
ether (dhbouvh of quaity) net liMf 
iKrhat I fliould hitve carried into the 
f^mii^— -ji'rMi/«r// they had both mag" 
mjfictnf'V, /xceltent charac- 
terit &c. (bv t^c. I niean bxCRU* 
CIAT10N8, Mr. Urban)} and 1 never 
thtm havioi; heard oi this muxfe of hud- , 
itiivg wivei logether, it coutii co( be 
that which prevented my accepiing hi& ' 
addrtflTes, which all his fanrtity much 
wi(hcd ire to da \ neither ^vas it what 
J, beio); then young, had not rctPa'ked, 
which is, th:ir, wh'-n men ha«c h kmock 
•f burying their wives, they |;o on 
with it; fofneiiises, like the fatuous fir 
O.^eo Bicklrj^ham, the |>*»c'y <»if whofe 
()x:U Ud)'h is well 

" When yon arc in Heaven, 
I'll m;JLe it up Icven." 

Or go«d cid )jtfl)(.p Thomai of. Lin- 
coln, whom I knew when very young. 
Bac he, AS a Device, wa» moderate : 

" If I Turvive, 
I will have five." 

Good old msn, he did furTivc; and I 
Trmember Ywaxwjiii/s', buc^^ believe 
ijiat l^e thou|j[hc 

That, at near fiveicore^ 
lie 'd cnvtigh m fuur. 

To be fore. Mr., a coach 
^d fix, a 5nc houie in lu^n, porter at 
the door, 6ne. jewels, iind mjoy fioe 
#/ catirai^ to a countiy geni!em:iD*s 
cfautfbicr, with only (ome Trw odd 
tJboufitods in her pocket, and but juA 
turned twenty, were ra'h{r temptiog. 
But there was au$tber et c^ttt^a^ a fine 
fcnfible litrfe girl of'^hve «eNi8 old; 
and at bftecu I refolved never to be a 
jlip-motter I left, .'S 1 u(cd to tell my 
0fWU trntbiff } Hioold btr unkind to tht 
poor little orphans, a»id in f:c tbeir mo* 
thtr Handing at my bed-foot ac mid- 
night, reproaching me. Having been 
early taught the Lord's Piayer, one 
petition .\u;ry early in life jiruck my 
mind, ** leid us n<t into temptcition." 
I therefore refolvcd mver to Uad myjtlf 
■ into tempcatioA \ and I have fi§adily 
ad tiered to it. Do Qot fuppoie, Mr., the bouncy, had been (Wt cue it, legal 
UrbaOf that I hare not been ^//« 1q4 iaccrcfti I ihould, inilead ot S.l. havc^ 

into temprsftinns of vattr>us forts andi 
kinds. But I have, in my old nge, 
the con^ioit of refle^ing, th^t I never 
did Uad my elf mio it ; and (o God h s, 
accoioing to his ptoniife by his holy 
Apoflie, •* mnJe a *u,ay for mt /• 
efipfet »nd J haOi bun tftabtfd to best 
it.** X havr never led myfe f into rhe 
w/ty of fufFcring ihefe mtUrimoHttJt 
ExcRUCiATiotis. Not but that I 
fancy, attar two or three titnes, th<|^ 
hearts are a (rVf// CAuttriKed The 
late fir John Wctdetr, of 6o*wi»g me* 
inmry, whcN went through them leverat 
tin^e&. uffd to fay, that the lofs of ai 
w:i> was like a violent blow on the 
e'oow, which madf a inao tmg'e at hti 
ftngrts ends m tilth njuhrli, buiwi%/0§m 
ovtr. And the witty Dr. Mooto ufed 
to (riyi ** that be -bad frc<iueotly w6« 
m<ro liroughc to biin who had g9iif mm J 
for the deaih of their bui^andsi^ but 
never io th^ wbole courfc of hit prac- 
tite h^d «ii^ man patient wbo had gone 
m^d for the U(s of a wi/e." Ah*! 
Mf. Uibao, you remember the fable 
of tb§ lioa atid she man. So it is ^ we. 
poor weak women are nor <ai verif ac- 
cording to the lion j (<i the ftronger 
anima ■ can ciufli and huddle us aa. 
they plcai'e. If you can 6nd room in. 
your excellent work for this kind hint 
to Udies of litge fortune, to take care 
when they marry to fecure, at leaft i.ft 
dtatbt omejimgli refiing-place from (b« iif 
U hours th ough life, with fuch very 
a^^'ve hufbands^you w:Ul oblige a con*;^ 
Aant rc;.der and old coirefpondcnt j^ 
and, as you have gratified X. Y. Z. &c. 
by iD^eriiat: bi^ account of Wrottona 
1 f}ait< r myfelf you will mfcrt al(o thii , 
comment ca it by A* B* C. &c«. 

Mr. UifiAN» Mfch 9« ^ 

IN voLLXVL p. 1077, Q^P- f*yf; 
'* it feems truly* llrange that it (hould 
be neceflary to call on the Goveroc'Ft of 
Queen Anne's Bounty for a Hate o{: 
that charity." 1 can tell him fomething. 
ftitl more fl range : one of my churchca . 
has a double bounty ; bmt it is lb iif 
from being at the expcnce of the fund,. 
^ tlat, ever lincc the augmentation, the. 
fund itfclf has been thgtgby augBicnted. 
The cafe is this : 4||^ ^'^'^ yean 
ago the bounty was purcmi^ ;. in con* 
fcquence of which the goUernors sipj^ro* 
piiaied 400 1. for which tMby pay co-thc 
cl.urch ycitrly 2 I. p^r tint. Now, Mr« 
U(baA,ifthe20ol. inHeadof purchaftog 

t84 ^^^'oiis and unpteajfanf OperattoA of ^een Anne*8 Bounty. [Mrf; 

received, for more than 30 years pail, 
an augmentation of toi. pir annum i 
fo thai, when tkcfc wiflied-for accounts before the publick, they will 
exhibit rlc articie of 81. ptr annum, 

paid to the ch'.rch of S ; whilU the 

fa£t rcaliv is, ibat the fund itfelf has 
f6r fo many yrars been augmented by a 
llfih part of ihatinier.ft, the whole of 
iwhficii w«s intenckd by the donor for 
the ufc of the mintHer. 

It will be (aid, that this is the fault 
of the incumhetit himfclf : for I well 
]cnow, that the leafbn held out by the 
governor? fot allowing oh'\ 2I. per e/nt. 
is» that the irc"m'<em ihould be mt^re 
arfiiduotis in look>rg ont for apurchaic. 
To this lean only fav, that, whatcvtr 
may have been the fact- sty of finding a 
purchafc foimerly, or however rfiv pic- 
dectlT^r, who was a boolcifli man, nnd 
not unknown in the literary \rorU% 
inight have negU£)cil to do fo, the va- 
lue of land if in thefe days fo well un- 
<Iei(lond, dvd fmal) purchafes are fo 
cageily fought after nnd fo fpecdily 
caught up tn \c a miniAer mufl he Ibarp 
indeed, as \ve1l as pretty knowing in this 
kind of traffic (fo far umoved from the * 
line of his pr«»icn*Yor.a) dutie!>), Co meet 
with a purchafr likelv to he approved (»fj 
I fay likely, hcriu'c, Dotwiioftanding 
thccivilitv and ; T'ciiion which yourccr- 
rcfpondcnt (i XVI. 108S.) had, upon 
lomc other occaM''>n, the ^ojd fortune to 
meet wifh i the cufp;>la:flts mcnt oned 
(p. S36.) are too well founded to 
,ef a que Dion. 

For my own part Mr. Uiban, T nc* 
ver had, except cnce, even ihe ibadow 
..of a chance, which 1 thought w ^uld be 
•f any fer?keto the church ; and then 
•the owner of tb« land (a gentleman 
^converfant in the law) plainly told me, 
it was a roaitcr actecded with fo much 
trouble to treat with the govemo's of 
the Queen's bounty, that he would have 
nothing to no with ihem. To this I 
could fay but little ; for, I had too fre- 
quently lM:ard complaints ot a like na- 
ture J and more- ver, I had myfclf, at 
the requell ot a neighbouring clergy- 
man, once waited upon their then fcli* 
citor, at his chambers in the Temple, 
about a puichim' but was treated in 
fuch a fut)ereilious, cavalier manner, 
that I hardly know whether I fhoiild 
have had cc'Urage to have appeared be* 
fore this great man the fecond time. 

How long it may be until all the fmall 
livings are augmented to 50 1. pgr ann* 
I know HOC) but ic is fomewhat unfoc* 

toiiate, that of my thr^e churches, cack 
of which is flill entitled to the bounty, 
notwithdanding the Ibfing purchafc a- 
bovemcntioned. it fliould not have fal- 
len to the lot of any one of them to \)t 
augmented in the urdinarv way, though 
almoft a century hai elapfcd fince the 
fund was Br(V eftablifiied. 

T'^ the ihort but curious fpecimen 
of a dialogue between a patron and his 
cletk (p. S26) I will add what I know 
to be a£^ually true* There are in- 
ftances, and it is to be feared not a 
few, where the grea^ proprietor of the 
parifli opei^ly a«d avowedly ufes hi6 
power to keep down the value of the 
lithcy not for the eafe of his tenants, 
but for his own benefit. In fuch cafes, 
a poor incumbent can do but little $ 
but, if the governors of the queen's 
bounty would take the trouble of look- 
ing into endowments, fuch at lead as 
might be prefented to them for that 
pu pofe, and interpofe where they 
thought it was right fo to do, they 
would, perhaps, do more for the fmall 
livings in twenty years than, in the' 
ufu^l way of augmenttttioD, they could 
patfiblv accompliih in a hundred. 

Yours, &c. ViCARiCs. 

Index Indicatokius (fee p. 133.) 
A. recomncnc's to A. M. an ounce of 
Aqua SaUrina mixed with three ounces t>t 
Spines of Furpcntinet or Steers's Opodeldoc, 
o^ Spirits of Wine with Camphire in it. 

GaAMMATicus wiflies to be informed 
whit is tli« date, and who was the auttmr, 
of 6/re'/ar</*i Greek Grammar, which was 
enjoined hy Archbiftiop Harfnet, who iHed 
1 63 1, tn he ufed in the free-fchool of 
Chigwell, founded by him in 1629 ; and 
if tittfre b« any eaiiier Grammar of the 
Creek tcMigue ufed in our fchuols. Dr. 
Knight, in his Life of Dean Cwlcr, p. T32. 
intimates that the common Greek Oramniaf 
ufti! throughout England by the anihority 
of tlie Dean, wtm introdiKod it into his 
fchool founded at St. Paul'i>, was cumpofed 
by Mr. Camden, as well as the Lttin one. 
Q11. Was this the firft Greek Grammar 
among us ? 

Some time fmce, a perfon of Market- 
LavingUm, who publiflied a book on the 
Migration of Birds, particularly mentions 
in that work his intentions of publUhing 
the Natural HiftoVy of Britilh Birds. A. 
H. tlks whether it has been publilhed^ and 
where? or, ifnot publilhed, whether the 
editor will difpofe of the MS. ? He afkS 
alio for the method to preferve birds, and 
how to make, or where to purchafe, thtf 
artificial eyes. (On this head, fee p. x 94.) 


t84 TiJioiis ani unpteafant OperatioA of ^een Anne*8 Bounty. [Mari 

received, for more than 30 years pail, 
an augmentation cf 10 1, per anuum i 
fo tha:, wlitn tkefe wiflied-for accounts 
arp^nr before the publick, they will 
exhibit rl»c article of 81. per mnnum, 
paid to the cht.rch of S— - j whilll the 
fa£t rcaliv is, ii<nt the fund icfelf has 
itt fo many years been augmented by a 
fifth part of that inicr.ft, the whole of 
i»lnci> w»s intenc^ci by the donor for 
the life of the rtuniner. 

Ic w:ll be (aid, that this is the fanit 
of the inctiinbect hiiiifelf ; for I well 
]cnow, that the leaion held out by the 
govcrnors-fo! allowing on'\ 2I. ptr cent. 
is» that the irc»mi<enr ihould be m<*rc 
arfliduoas in look^rg otft for apurchafc. 
To this lean onfy fav, that, whatever 
may have been the facility of finding a 
purchafc foiirerly,or how-ver itiv pic- 
deceffor, who was a bookifli man, nnd 
not unknown in the literary \rorM, 
might have ntgle^letl to do fo, the va- 
lue of land i^ in thefc days fc well un. 
deiftood, dvd fmal) purchafes are fo 
eagerly fought after nnd fo fpeedily 
caught up th It a mTniOer muft bir Ibarp 
indeed, as well as pretty knowing in tins 
kind of traffic (fo far lemoved from the - 
line of his duties), Co mtet 
with a purchal'c likrlv to be approver) of 1 
I fay likely, h: csu'c, Dot\V!to(Yand«tig 
the civility and .fci.iion u hich your cor- 
rcfpondcnt (i.XVI. 108S.) had, upon 
lomc other occati-Jn, inc j»o.>J furtune to 
ineet wifh j the cofi>i>la;fir3 mcnt oned 
(0.236.) are too weli founded to adirJt 
,er a que (lion. 

For my own purt Mr. Utban, T nc* 
ver had» except once, even ihe Ihadow 
.of a chance, whivh 1 th.'ught w uld be 
•f any fervice to the church ; and then 
the owner of the land (a gentleman 
iConverfant in the law) plainly told mc, 
it was a matter auecdcd with fo much 
trouble to t-reat with tl>c governors of 
the QMeetv's bounty, that he wouhl have 
nothing to iio with them. To this I 
could fav but little .- for, I had too fre* 
quently licard complaints ot a like na- 
tuie J and morci vuf, I had myfclf, at 
the requell ot a neighbouring clergy- 
man, once waited upon their then fcli* 
citor, at his chambers in the Temple, 
about a purchwir but was treated in 

toiiate, that of my thr^e churches, tack 
of which is flill entitled to the bounty, 
notwithdanding the lofing purchafe a- 
bovemcntioned. it fliould not have fal- 
len to the lot of any one of them to he 
augmented in the ordinary way, though 
alinoft a century hai elapfcd fince the 
fund was 6rlVciiablifiied. 

To the ihort but cuHaus fpecimen 
of a dialogue between a patron and his 
clerk (p. S26) I will add what I know 
to be actually true* There are in- 
flances, and it is to he feared not a 
few, where the grea^ proprietor of the 
parifli opei^ly aiod avowedly ufes hi^ 
power to keep down the value of the 
tithe, not for the eaTe of his tenants, 
but for his own benefit. In fuch cafes, 
a poor incumbent can do .but little $ 
but, if the governors of the queen's 
bounty would take the trouble of look- 
ing into endowments, fuch at lead as 
might be prefented to them for that 
pu pofe, and intcrpofe where they 
thought it was right fo to do, they 
would, perhaps, do more for the fmall 
livings in twenty years than, in the 
ufuil way of augmentmioD, they could 
palfiblv accompliih in a hundred. 

Yours, &€. ViCARIUS. 


fuch a fupereinous) cavalier manner, 
that I hardly know whether I fhoald 
have had c('Urage to have appeared be» 
fore this great man the fecond time. 

How long it may be until all the fmall 
livings are augmented to 50 1. ptr «««• 
I know HOC J but ic is (omewhat unfor* 

Index IwniCAToaius (fee p. 13 v) 
A. recom:r>cnt!s to A. M. an ounce of 
Aqua Salarina mixed with tlirce ounces it' 
Spu'icsof rur|>et)tine( or Steers's> OpodeKloc, 
04 Spirits of Wine with C^mphire in it. 

Grammaticus wiflies to be informed 
whu is tlie date, and who was the ;)utlinr, 
of Clnnard't Greek Gramm^tr, which was 
enjoined hy Archbiihop Harfnet, who liied 
1 63 1, tn he ufed in the free-fchool of 
Chigwell, founded by him in 1629 ; and 
if there be any eailier Grammar of the 
Creek tongue ufed in our fchuols. Dr. 
Knight, in his Life of Denn Cule% p. T32| 
intimates tlut the common Greek Grammaf 
iifeo throughout England by the amhority 
of l\\t Dean, wlm introduced it into his 
fchool founded at St. Paul'&, was compofed 
by Mr. Camden, as well as the L«tii) one. 
Qti. Was this the firft Greek Grammar 
among us ? 

Some time fmce, a perfon of Market- 
LavingttMi, who publiflied a book on the 
Migration of Birdf, particularly mentions 
in that work his intentions of pubhlhing 
the Natural HiftoVy of Britilh Birds. A. 
H. tlks whether it has been publilhed, and 
where? or, if not pubhfheii, whether the 
editor will difpofe of the MS. ? He aOcS 
alio for the method to preferve birds, and 
bow to make, or where to purchafe, thtf 
artificial eyes. (Oa ihii head, fee p. 1 94.) 


.~A '/^^/■dJ/il.M. 


Mr. UrpaN, Jmn. i. 

INCLOSED is a viewof.D nninuton 
ciftlc, in Beikftiiie {jptate L fi?,- O, 
firawn o:i the fpct in the \ear 1782; 
vhich, if you tinnk it li worthy, X 
^ou!d be glad to fte ^ngrjvcH in your; 
Valuable Rcpofit :rv. Donnintjlrm csftle 

1^9 J.] Ddnningtoft Cafilty Berks. — Weft Bromwich Church, it'i 

of July 1644, bv Lieur.-pen. Middle^ 
t m, who was rcpulfcd wrh the lofi of 
a great number of men; and ag^iiny 
Sept. 27, iM the fame year, by Col. 
Hortoft, who riifed a bat.erv .gainft 
it, and with his (hot dtkmolifhed riirec 
of the rowcn and pirt of the %vall. 
it feateri on an emincrcu, ^nd i\.*Bds it The place was rclityed, after a ficge 
a rmall diOancc fn»m a ♦i! ^yt of the of 19 days, by Kin^ Chailes, who re- 
fame nanr:c about a mile hom N'w- warded the governor with the honour 
bury, h^lf a mi e from Si'Cenham and, of knighthood. When a period Wat 
and ne^r tite nvulet of Lar'^bourne. put to the civil war, Mr. Packer puil« 
It appears, hv a MS. in the C< tton ii- ed down the ruinoas part of the buiM« 
brar*, th:^t, in the i<ign of Ed^^ard IT. ing, and with the materials ere£led 'be 
i>onnington caftle belonged to W.ilter houfe iVanding under it. The cafttev 
i^dderbury, fi^o and heir of Thumrt whin I was there, bielonf^ed to Dr« 
Adderbury, who ^:\\t the king loos. Hartley, whom^rricd an heiri^fi of the 
for it ; and, towards t^ie latter port of naine of Pd^keK J. H. J. 

ihe reign of Rich'ird tl. Sir R'.chard ■■■■ ' ' ■■' 

j\:teibury, or Addeibnry, obtained a 
I cence to le-builJ it. From him it de- 
(cendrd f^ his Too Richard, of whom 
it was purchfjfed by Sir GrctFry Cii^u- 
ccr. About jhs ycrir 1397 that U'l*** 
in the ^Sih ye^^r of his ^gc, letircd to 
DoaD'Oi^toQ c<(l e : heie he fpcat ibe 
lail two or three vein of his life, and 
died io Li'iidoa in 1400. Thoioat 
Chaaccfy hit Ton, JTucceeded to the 
c^illle. 1: went w'th his daughter 
Alice to her third huibind, yViliiamde 

1 * Pole, 6r!^ eaily and afitrwaxd^ duke, which, 1 sm lorry to fay, is become 
of Suffolk, w^o rtOcfed chiefly. heie t.>o prevalent a r;;^^; and an .inti(.nt 
and at Ewelm. At the deceafc "f tfa\ia tomb, which is tuinetimes ail th«t re? 
lord (who wat beheni.\'d by (he parti- mains of a once noble anceftry. if j-e 

Mr. U t B A N , Sbt^ikJhM^ Jdw, 6'. 

THE inclofed drawih^ it a view of 
the pxrifh-churchofWcft BrcHn* 
wicli, in the countv of Stafford, taken 
in 1790 {pUff /. yfjp. a). On yiflkilig 
the <^i>ove church in July laft, I Copied 
the JFoIlowing infcriptiont ; wtiidi I 
ib^ill , be, glad to (ce. inferred jt»^ yojur 
i^I?g*»'»«», f« ^ccoippaqy the ♦i^w^. 
When the church was repaired a fcvr 
> ears fmce, fe veral mppuiiients of coa« 
fidei^ble ant quity were d-tHroytd } 

z.)aa of the Uuke of Yt^ik) the cnAla 
ciinc cn hit (on John, and f (om| him 
defcended to Edmuud de la roJe, 
Dukfe 6f Su'tfolk, the U6 of thu titui ; 
who, '^b^i«^ in tffrifrohMb]« ^f^fiices 
agaii/AHiriihrtil. w?f fciectitSd. UtiA 
hf ^JtSerHcfi^aAi^drarheCrbWn. D^^ 
nio||Cpt\ ^fi[* remaipcd under this for- 
fc-.ture C||J the yjXii 0/ Menry ytii- as 
appears bj an tutX of parliament tl^cn 

moved to enlarge a pew, or foiiicthio'g 

equally frifo'ous. , ^ 

Oa a blue Uonc near thtaliar-Ubto 
within the r^iis : 

*< Here liath the body of ^ ; . 

Maroak^t STsf^(4ii.opiarr, 

(daughter of i^ Kqv. 

Edwaid Siilliflgflee:, 

miniil(*r of this ^anfh), 

\vl b died April 2.2, 1772^ 

aged 7 yeari and 9 mc^ibs. 

pafleU, Whereby that kiha was au( ho- ... ^ •- * ^.9. _?..-— . 

iiird id. erea this caAle, and three ^^^"'^ 7/, f»^rj?^% /.^J f?^^^^ 

other places therein named, into as ^^.^^^^I'll^^J^^ 

S M ^ '.u Nrtr wants nor wiincs a delay 

maoy honours, and to annex to ihem ^^^^^ j^j.„, ^^^^ ^^. ^^^ |^^ 

fiich J«ndt as he (hould think proper, ^hc ficfh rainriis to duft again, • 

It after »yards came into the .ponclfton guhjea no more to fin or pain j 

of Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffoljt, ^ut foon ihaU it more glorious rifa 

probably by the giant of Henry VIII. lo meet her Saviom in the ikies.*' 


iQ the Lctgn of James I. I)6oning- 
ton cmie belonged to the family of 
Packer ; and, in the time of the civil 
war, was owned by Mr. John Packer, 
wheii it was forti^ed as a garnfon for 
the king,. and the goveinment intruded 
to Col. Boys. During thefe troubles 
it was twice bcfleged ; once on the 31ft 
GiNT. Mag. March, 1797. 

Oa a tomb in the church-yards 

*^ Sacred to the meriiory 


^fARY, the wife of 

Mr. Richard Jelfon, of this pdrifb, 

and daughter of 

Thomas Willat*^ efq. of Caverfham^ in the 

county o£ QxlorU, 



1 86 Eurniiy of a fuiurt Siati $/ Punijbmint difcufcd. [Mar. 

who cxchangeJ this life for a better ing evil ? that the pleafures of life 

the ijth liny of April, 1779, fliould be fleeting, whHe its pains in- 

inihc lothyeirof lusragc, crcafc > that the happinefs of the beft 

amllcfi ihrrc infantK vii. ^^^ fl,ou|j ^^^^^ ^^ dependent upo« 

. RicharO,Thom..sandlhz..h«^^^ tht: conduft of the wortt ? that no 

L.ving beloved, n,e .Ual lamcntc.! ^ ^^ ^ 

Oh! come, who know the tender paitiiers ^. a ,j, -r . ^ 

^ I J ' aKainit worldly milery, and very cod- 

TI.ebleedingborom,anJiheftre3mingcye; fiderabic degree, of jice nt> bar to 

Who feel the wounds a dying friend imparts wor.'dly happ ncfs ? that the crimes of 

WhenthelaftpangdividesiwofociolhrnrtK; parents fliould be vifitcd upon their 

This weeping marble claims the gcu'rous children, both as individuals and at 

tear; [dear, nations } that ihofe who hnve enjoyed 
Here lies the friend, the daughter, all chat's the blelfings of freedom and know- 
She fell, fiill-biotirom'd, in tlw prime of ledge fliould be comparatively but as 

youth, [truth, a grain of fand upon the fliore, while 

Richly adomM with roceknefs, worth, and ,hc refl of mankind have been exclu- 

Firm and ferm Am view'd her mottld'ring ^j^j f^^ ,|,^ ^^,y pofTibility of obiain- 

_- - •j^y* - ., .iv»i* /I *"g them, and the happrnrfs of mil- 

Nor ftar'd to go, nor fondly wifh'd to (lay ; 1 . f^, ^. „ ' • r j.„,_ j/1* ...*-*« . k. ^« 

And, when th^kins of te, rors flic defcry'd, *" "* '*^"« **^.' ^!P"**'"5 "f^" V**' "" 

Kifc'd the ftern mLdate, bowM her heJ, P"" .^f " '^dividual ? that, in the 

and dy'd.*' calamities incident to life, the moft 

ionoceVit fliould luffer equally with the 

Yonri^ &e. D. P. ^oft guilty, and often fuflrer alone > 

■ - that, while the virtues of an individu- 

Mr. UrBAK, 7«»'T« a! feldom produce effeas beyond the 

T wouldl take up too large a portion immediate fphere of his influence, his 

of your Mifecllany to difcufs at vices may overfpread a Continent with 

]c0gth the important quifiion of the dcfolation ^ ix this, and much more 

•ttraity of t future ftate of punifli* be confident with Infinite Benevolence, 

aent : but a correfpondent, who fif^ns we muft at leafl confefs that it woi k» 

faimftif A Real Chriflian, vol. LXVI. by means, and produces effeds, very 

p. loix, determines the point upon contrary to the ideas we ufual'v form 

principles which appear to me fo erro- of it : yet it has pleafed G.)d fo to con- 

neous, that I mufl beg leave to offer a ftitute the world, that the(e, and many 

few obfervations upon them. other evils, are the neceffary coufe- 

The principal objeAion to the doc* quence of the palfions he has given to 

rrine of the eternal punifhment of fm, man, and the fituation in which he haa 

it its fuppofed contrariety to the infi* placed him* 

site btaevolence of God, and from When the Dtiflrefleason thefc,and 
thtt fource are drawn the greater part .. ., .. ^. c x ^ c -n 

^$ •k. ^m«A:^.. *^ D mw^^UA D . I .«L« ■** ^^^ thoufand nameleis ills 

of the objeaions to Revealed .R^'.'«'o«. ^hat one incelfant druggie under l.fc, 

Kow^ the charader of the Deity is dif- q„^ j^„. ^^ ^^., ^ ^^^ ^ ^ ^ 
Govenble only m two ways ; from hit # »# > 

word, or from his works ; but, if Re- he h obliged to confefs that the limited 

velation point out to us tbc fame lead- knowledge and imperfeft faculties of 

ing features, the fame general princi- man are madeqaate 10 the coroprchen- 

ples, at may be juAly interred from fion of the ways of God \ that, with- 

the works of Creation and Providence, out a perfeft acquaintance with the 

fuch objedions, it is evident, can have whole counfel of the Deity, it is im- 

no weight. From which of thefe, pofl[ible to judge jultly of the motives 

then, 1 would aik, do we difcover which influence his anions; but, fatis* 

(what is generally taken for granted fled of the general benevolence of the 

by the objcdors to Chriflianity) that Creator, notwithftanding a multitude 

the benevolence of God is foperfea aa of exceptions, he is contented to bc- 

to admit of no admixture of evil, and lieve that Divine Power will produce 

fo plain as to be always viflble to mor- good (though he knows not how) out 

tal eyes ? Or rather, do not both the of all the evil which Divme Benevo' 

natural and the moral world fliew pre- lence (he knows not why) has per- 

cifeiy the contrary? Is it confiftent mitted to exifl. In natural teligion 

with infiniU benevolence that no good this is admitted; extend it then to re- 

fliould be placed within the reach of velation. Do fome paits of the latter 

man unaccompanied b; a concfpond* conuadift a fyflem of Opiimiim } (a 


'797-] Eternity of a futurt Stati of Puntjhment difcujftd. 187 

does moch of the former. Can the 
Deift folve the difficulties of his fvf^eni 
«aly by referring them to the ignorance 
of man ? the parallel difficulties of 
Cbriftianity admit of the fame folution. 
The Word of Gpd, indeed, givea us 
fMller and clearer 'ideas of hie charac- 
ter than can be coHe^ed from his 
works, but the features are the fame. 
Benevolence is ilrongly marJccd in 
eacht but Optimifm is contradi^ed in 
every line "* ; and, when we fee 

^' the Qiufe 
Why unaffiiining worth in fecret liv'd. 
And (!yM negleAed ; why the good man*s 

In life was gaU and bitternefis of foul ; 
Why the loiie widow and her orphans piix'd 
In flarvrng folitude 

— << why licons'd pain. 
That cruel fpoiler, tliat embofom'd foe, 
fmbitter'd all our blifs;" 
we may a((o fte in wl^it manner the 
eterAaJ puniCimeot of iin is con£fteoc 
nvith the general good which we believe 
to be the obje£^ of the Creator f. Is 
tbc mean time, it is our duty to acqui- 
eice in the declarations of his revealed 
MTjil \ for, though your correfpondciit 
protefis agamd betng ** battered wkh 
the artillery of texts," yet, if we ad- 
mit the authority of the Icgifl-itor, we 
mud aifb acknowledge the obligation 
of hts laws. V Chrift were not a 
teacher fent from God, the queftion 
before us is vain ; but, if he were, 
bis precepts esj^ be binding«*his doc* 
irines mitfi be true. JU. 


Mr. UkB4|I« Jjfl'^- 

AM perfuaded that you will attbrd 
a corner in your valuable columns 

towards the refutation of an infidious 
attack on Chriftianity, LXVI. p. loii, 
which fets out with a fn^er that betrays 
great ignorance of the Gofpel, or, worfe 
Ail!, ^reat hatred of its d/oclf ?oe. Vour 
icorref pen dent glances at ** a pte-dated 
certificate of ac^uittiil" as at an un- 
holy thing-; forgetting, or not know- 
ing, that, to be '* A Real Ctirillian" 
is to be in Chrifl, and that. ** t-herr >e 
now no condemnation for them that 
are in Chrid Jefus." How inappoftte 
the fignature of «< A Real Chrillian*' 
In one who refufes to bear the Bible ia 
its own defence ! Hts ** tntrenchmenti 
mud nor be battered with texts." Im 
the nanve of common fenfe^ Mr. JUr* 
ban, Jbow couid your Correfpandeat 
adopt a denomination to wbich be fo 
iiicontedably proves that h.e has nO 
jufk claim 1 He may be every thing 
that is honourable as it regards fociety ; 
fo may a Jew or a Muflulman : but he 
cannot be a Cbriftian, unlcfs he ad- 
mits the Bible <o be a ^tvi»i rtvihtin, 
and, as fwch, iii# only paiahioun.t evi- 
dence and criterion of every matter 0^ 
faith« Your Correfpondeni tacitly acr 
J^nowledges ths do^rine, <* title eter- 
nity of hell-torments/' to be that of 
Holy Scripture, and calls himlelf ^ 
believer therein { moft pcepofterouAy 
rcfufing. m the fame breat^j to ad« 
mit its teAimony 00 a ^ueAion, wbic^ 
r€ViUui§m aline is tow^ifMt to 4/icidf» 
It one of our oaodern (leif*titled like^ 
wife) Philofoph.ers (hbuld afleit, th^^t 
ipapital pjyinittiavenrs are derogatory 10 
the lawf ^f £ngland, and unjuiown lA 
Ijhe hidory of ijie nation, bccavfe m^i^ 
cy is theiir great leading fttribute ; and 

« Permit me to quote the words of an eminent Writer, w.ben ojppoOog^n tTTorj ver|r 
diffierent indeed in its nature from this^ b^ grouodeu 90 (oroewjSaa finodUr [>riiicipki \ 
** But I fear your principle is fuodamenuUy wrong. You export regolariCy throiighoaty 
in all the great works of the creiition. the ctrcle is the molt perfe^, rooft compMii 
form of all created figures j forely^ then, there muft be the rooft perleA tiarmony and 
exadl proportion between! all its parts, efpecially between parts lO capital at ibe djamectr 
and the circumference. Well ; had a re^utar-mmded Phdofopbet ^cn peefenC at ihm 
creation, he would have aniended it cunfiderably. the FlanfKb Ihou^i' have niaytd io^ 
circles ; the year have beeq pri cifeiy 360 I'ay: ; and the nsofUb joft 30 4aySj and- tiwoi 
how eafy wouM it have been to have ma«i« an AlmUkaGJL I Juft the leverfo'i^f all Mui^ 
are the real works of the great Creaidr. Tiie oijbiis ;ir» irregplar .figttres; yavi, 
naoottis^ and even days, broken portions of time : all of them have regolahty. eooQgh im 
fliew defign j and yet fo moch intric^icy utp Oiew the fuperioriiy c^ that Wiidom whicti 
could perfe^y comprehend all thefe little d/Bviationf| perftjjps ioteiided io find empU>j» 
moot for the wit and faculties of nvsn/^ 't*r n. 

f The Chriftian Scriptures bayiog presented »> the ^magwiatigpi 00 warm and^ini^c 
pidtnre of future poni^mentSy thieir eternity is almoft tlie only ciidN^ilance that lakey 
Itroog hold upon the mind : and a belief of their tcmpoiol duratM^i.^mttht.iode(trpy,their 
efficacy as rather to diminilh than increaie the general ituCv of .Happinets. Let uia.. 
alio afk your Correfpondent by what rule we an to diiie tver the portoa oif puoifluaeoic 
due to any fpecific degree of guilt; for, unleift this be luiovihl|"we ^iasitM^Xit \a^X\&«^ 
iJuiettnniiHDg that etcraal pooiibjocnt is ;«/ i^ to tbc fiai «i£ widut^ iwit 


Primitive ^otaiions of the New Teftamcnt. [Mar. 

ihould rcfufc the evidence of the Sti- call modern theories the work of «e»- 

tutes at Urt?e, wnd Records of our fon : ihcy are, in truth, the monflroiiS 

courts of juHiie, overruming them ail fi«nzies of the imagination : the dtfo. 

by l\i' Jiat oi this " rcw light," this 1 tin;^ tr.urderous «i0«/tf o 

•* in crnal evidence," who would not lof ;>her$. 

think the man infine ? Thetr* tii, Mr. Were it neccffary^ we are ready to 

Urban, i«, that we are grown fo exccf- come to a fair iflT'ic with vour corre- 

zof French phi- 

(ive y enli}!btened, beyond any thing 
our forefathers dreinnt of, thnt nor on- 
ly ail the venerable fab- ics of civil po- 
li:y which they crc^ed moll be over- 
turned, every bond of foctety cut a- 
fuoder by ruffians and guillotines; but 
even the facred record of Divine Re* 
velation mud be frittered down to the 
flandard of our finite reafon, and 
iPtde to fquare with our new Phil >ro» 
phy,or totally expunged. Proud Rea- 
son is fet up in oppofuion to Revelatiuo, 
and prefumes to diftate to God him- 
felf, to tell him what is or is not juft. 
Whatever proximate circumftarces 
h<')flened the revolution in a ikt^\ boor- 
in^ ftatc. Infidelity was its prime'c nfe; 
and the vengeance oi avx r tVended God 
has been a'vfuUy nnnifcOc^f. RcaCon 
(e^ted in judgement'oo Revelation is 
I'JiJtlity I and infidelity ve^^cs on the 
precipice of Scepticifm, whi(:h hanf^s 
eve* the %bvfi of Athe'fm. Athoufand 
BrgU'T^^nts <n proof th^t hufnan rc^fon 
i% incompetent to fathoni intiniry rra- prtfent iheniftlvc^ ; hut yojr li- 
mits forbid the detail. Pi.rmrt mr to 
entr^&t yoiir Currerpondcnc to c n^lrlcr 
the 6tUg of Gifd, the incarnation oj G^J, 
the p ovidence of God, the exilttnce 
of- moMJ ■cvrl," eternity, iniiniic (p.j.:c ; 
bay, even his own exiflence, and the 
exifience of the things afiound ]\\m ; 
and I arm fvi^e he will find th^^hir ovv^s 
to the Holy Striptrres ahiicft aPi the 
knnwkdffff he polUlfeiomhtfc impor 

fpnndcnt on the quertson of 'he **trir- 
n<>l durai'.on of p.iqiQi:Tient" a^ well »s 
of felicity, and prove it unequivocally 
a branch of Divine Reveldti')ny and axy 
mo e rcpuj^nant to the a tributes of 
Deity many other elTcntial t/uths 
of Chriiiiani'y. This would be, per- 
hips, a ontioverfv too v.iluTiinous for 
your Mifcclun v ; but, for G^>d*s fake ! 
Mr. Urban, let not your inl^.uMtv.e 
p.i^^rs be handed, do^va to ' ur children 
with.^ul a Fc^u ation of, or at leaft a 
civedt •^I'^aini}, the pernicious da£lrinQ 
to witicii your coriel'pondent's letter 
neceO'driiy lead<:. Philobiblas. 

*#^ Wc hive received goml l«tren on 
this fubiec> fiom A Bib if Cur is ri an 
and T. Mot, K. S. M. — But we think it 
is time ro clofc the fu^jc^. Edi r. 

Mr. Urban, FtB. z%. 

ATjOy have given us fome accoimc 
A" (p. 58,) of Dt. Roftnmullcr's 
" IJiftorv i>f ihc r.iicrfiictaiion of the 
Hoii- Srrip'urcs." If von have il||;htly 
r«<l the **rc'^uli of his inquiry,** 
liisi rcfcrifcliek appear to have bren 
w >rle th-in ulle. M«)ft of his conclu- 
fio'is, as I 'icy Irand on your paj^e, are 
liab'e to ju(t cxccp.ion. 1 Dial! b-.:^ 
Itive ro nurice n^o o( iliem, which, if 
c.p.fiieic I hs the (led '.I --.lions of labo- 
rious and iiiiparirtll invciti^^ation, may 
do harm. 

The hrft p-'fitiori i<, "That the 
G-e-k fJinffN nt thr tint c-ntKrv nrver 

*Vli|. ^(Avy.St !»»»S-'Dtpjjpi<- .Vf'^cau /Vity.. ^**' »ccoj)d c^^utui v, vvucp all i\\j: Apof- 

Mrhaiis>aterQal/rA.i&» hai nitt^idf^be'n. 
Xfc iievMr your.- ctjrzUponcle lit bfecoiries 
SBitexid :a -i^ire^'QAMlliao,** he \MliI 
know thtil,*'' "^ ■'-•*•* "' • 

*'. Where res^f^u Caijs^ \u\\h ati{\^f jRuwer^j, 
Therd faith prev'dilit, an J love aiioriiV.'' 

Ttlcirt-fs a bour^Af^p'to' reafon, none 

tie^jHi-rsp n«j\y. (lead.; tl»e gti»;:ii\c re- 
Q:.a>»s-«>^ theie Pathera.are concai.'^cd io 
t^c EpiifiUs of C cment, leoatius, Po« 
iycarp^SK. Barnabas, a rwt tiie Shepherd 
of MoT'nas. rhey make 357 06I9VO 
pJigcs-iB. Archbifxv>p Wakes tranfla- 
lion; and,' in the (5'fck and L-itin, fill 
I J3 p»ge^ of "^he foMo edit'on ot Cots- 
!?if, ■ Ih'tiW Trtiall but 'inva!uil>lc tica- 

aliuHoii^ ^ 

I79'7'] ^^ Ptimtivi, Fathers not Atians.— ^Gen. x. 2. illuftxaUd. 189 

•lIufioDSt and fome are illufions n>ere- vi. 2 ), he remiods th«;m, that ibe fam* 
ly ; but iht p/eatcr pirt are quoitiionf, •* blcffej Paul laboured among che^; 

mad; with as muc'a Hccutacv, at ^e^lt, 
as ihc grcii writers of aniiquity, Aii(- 
tot'ic, Lorjfinus, Plutarch, and others, 
thought It neccifarv to obferve; who, 
etcn in ihtir criiictfois, fcldom aHhere 
to the piccilc worciii anrl order of their 
tuthor. Thcfe quotaiions in the pri- 
niirifce Faihers extend to thiee ot the 
Gol'pels ("there being, I think, no re 

that thev ** are named i.n the beginning 
of htf Bpiftic" to them ; and that he 
«* g:lorie»i'of them in all the Churches." 
Se.-tv 1 u It is here obfervable how 
iDon and hnw cUarlv the line was 
maik-d between infpiration and non» 
iifpi'ation; a circumMance. which is 
eqiiilK vtfihk- in I^<naiius, the fellow* 
dil'cipie o'i Polvc/irp: *• I do not," hi 

^rence lo St. Mark)*,, to the Afh^ of f»\s to the Romaosr, ••as Peter and 

the Apfoftle*, and Sixteen of the Cano- 
Dical Ep-Oies. The two Epiftles to i^c 
Theflalonjans, the Second to Timpthv, 
the Second and Third ^pit)its of St. 
J 'hn, and the Apqcalypfe, arc ntjt 
quoted, fv^ lar as I ptrceive; and the 
refercficei to the S;.-cond of St. Peter, 
and te St. Judr, are < ifpuiablc. Ir mud 
be addtd, that thcfe early Faihcrs in- 
troducr pTitfa^cs from the New Tcfla- 
nicnt uith'a« little rtfcrvc a% we fliouKi 
iniroiucc them at this <!ay, crp.cia'iy in 
cpiflolary corrrrpondrnce ; not ftayini^ 
to fay St. Matthew <»r St. Paul writes 
fo or fo, but a<lopt'ng their woids, as 
well known to ChriMian readers, ar>d 
incorpi ratinj^ tliem int«> their own let; 
ters. There are excptions, l.owtvtr, 
to this; am! I wiii adduce «wo ot thtm. 
element, St. Pau.'. fci|o v Mmurcr- 
(Philip \v 3), wrriu^ to t* c Corin- 
thians, lavs, *• Teke the Epiftie^of the 
blcllcd Paul the Apol>U into your 
hands. Wnac was it tha. /he urote to 
yt.u at his fwH prcicliing the Gofpel 

FauU command you: they were ApoT-^ 
ties I a coi>demn«d man." Se^.4. \y# 
itK alio, upoiv the* whole, what credit it 
due to Dr. Rofenmuller'i ftrft conclu<- 
iio», That the primitive Fathers *•«#- 
*ver uled our Gt>lpcls and Apoftoii^al 

Ano-hcr afTertion of the fnine learned 
Dj£\or is, that »« Almort all iho-Greck 
writers oJP this period held the Aria* 
dof^r'nes rcrp;:^inf; Chrifr." Words 
vc fete; and a mao may iofift, if he 
pleaf'es, "amid the blaze of noon," 
that it i&daik Riid#)ight; but thofc wIk> 
have eyes to fee, ur fenfcs to feel, th» 
•* viral lamp" of day, will never liften 
to fudi fooliibncfft of folly. And there 
it j (lit AS ffiuch reafon to maintain that 
lignt is darknef^, as thatthr Apofloli^ 
Ctii Fathers held Arian notions con- 
cernirg CiniO, or did nor i)e].eve in hit: 
^optr tiivinity* In pnjof of tins, it will 
Uifnce CO piorluce a finale pallage; to 
which a. multiiudc« no lefs decirkve, 
roiguS.I)e added, and i'lmc Irom each of 

am )ng you? Verily h (iid by >he the Fathers brfore named. I«natios« 

Spirit a<1morifh voa concerning him- 
(elf, and, and Apolios, bec^ufe 
that tvirn then yt h«d l>c^un :o fail in- 
to parties and factions xiDong your* 
feUti *' Sk6l. 47. 'VlvCHfp, the dil'ti- 
ple of S:. Joiui,.and by him made bi- 
Ihop of Smyrna, tcl s die PhilipptanSy 
he fiiould not have ** taken the liberty 
to write*' to thtm, but .hat they them- 
felves •• before cncoarayt;.* him to it. 
Fur, nC'ther can 1, nor any othtr fucb 
as I an^, come up to the of rhe« 
buiftd and renuwncu Paul; who, be- 
ing himlelf m per (on with thofe who 
tbch lived, did, with ad exa6^tiefs and 
fbuqdnefs, teach the woid of Truth j 
ind^, being gODc from you, wrote an 

who was conOiiuted bifliop of Antiocb- 
bv the Apott e*, begins his EpiOlc to 
the Smyrncans with chefe woids : '* I 
^lunfy God, even Jclus Chrift, who 
has gjven you fuch wifdom." Thtt 
ori|final is, if poilible, more poiotedljr, 
eiivphatJC:,i^o{a^*i IiKraf X^iro* rtt» Gfo/ 
TOT airtfi ^eus r^ftfraiU^n R. C* 

R^M A R.KS ttm4ltm^. to ilMraii tbt Gt* 
.mfu^gpim tbe 7e>4b Cbmpur §f Ge. 
nt/is. fVr %, Tbi Sow J 0/ Japheth* 
Gomer, &c, CommumiaUtd bj ibi 



THE fcholuHs fay, that Cimcru» 
was the Ion of Japcpus. A Greek 
c(4uld hardly be; requited to give ^ 
mpre.cleiu' tr^nfl.ition of the geneaJo* 
gical T<al>|e of Mf>fes, which fayis tbafr 
afterwarits/ citing thele woros, ** D» Gomer was the fpo of Japhetlv 
nstg M9t4tneim tbai tbt Saints Jb^U jadgt ^rom Cimerus we have many deri* 
Ibgw^rUft at t^aUl teaches ?'^ -( t Cor. vativts fttii extant ia tl^« GittV;. \ou^u% . 
4 *^* 

EpHlle to you, into whicri if you 
look, you Will be able to cnify your- 
(elves in the faith that has heen^UelK 
Ttred unto you." Seft. 3. And, ihortly 

I^O Ginealt^y in thi Tenth Chapter of Gcncfis tUuftrated. [Mar, 

at vve!l as the L^cin, which appears to 
mkke it more manifell thitt Cinterui is 
the Hebrew G'>n)er — Ki/bift^(» a mift, 
C', blmck and darky are epithets 
ofteu ^tven to Phi ygia ; which all hu- 
thorSy ^vho have wriicen oa jtiie fuh- 
jeft, icknnwledge to have been th« re* 
iuleoce of .Gomcr. 

The Scripture fays of Noah, that he 
walked tvich God. Atvt forfeited th« 
favour of Cybele by his commerce 
with a nymph named Sagaois. TU^ 
revenge which h ^ criRic occaiiuaefl 
drove him to defpair, and urged him 
to' offer vioJence to himfelf. Mofci 
fays of Noah, ttiat '* he began ap 

Cybele, th^ great goddefs of the hulbandmao, and p'anted aviotvardi 

Phrvgians, was alio Riled K*^{^i 
Cy<bcle was rcpuied to be the mother 
uf the gods, probably the dta gtnttti' 
gtaf or tutelary goddefs of Gbmer's 
family, the ol(]eA of men. The oroa* 
nents ufua'.lv aflfigned to Cybele were 
black i and Arnobius fays, th^t Cybele 
was repiefented by a fmali black ftern. 
Ovid points the (tern of the ihip that 
was to cairy hei to Rome of this dark 
colour ; 

*' pi^ colorihua uftis 
CGcI?(him matreni concave puppis habet." 

The habits of Cybele's priefls were 
black I all of which circumAancet feem 
to'bear analogy to Ciinerua, the Greek 
name of Gomer. 

See Ztpbaniah, i. 4; 

♦* I will cut eff the remnant of Baal from 
this place, atiti the name of the Chemarinis 
with the piiefts." 

Might not ihefe Chemarims be the 
priefts oi the goddefs Cimcns, or Cy- 
bele, th^t is, of the tutelary goddefs of 
Corner's family ? 

Phurnuius, Di Natu^a Diorum, fays, 
tfiat the ceremony o\ the callration of 
the priefls of Cybele is a reprefentation 
of the fable which the Greeks made 
concerning the trc.^tnicnt vvhich Saturn 
ject.Vid ^ro-n his fon Jupicer. B^- 
chait thinks th^t it «< ok its rife fii>m 
the (lory vvHiih Sc.i^ture telis of Noah 
Jying in hib tent, Gen. ix. 21. 

Perhaps the Pnrygians owed the 
cunocn 10 »n erroneous hnd imperfect 
tradition of ths event. If fo, the cir- 
cunifiance affords a lerious ieilbn how 
corrupt a u<e humno leafon, IcU to it- 
(ci/, IS vvunt to make of the mod inte- 
reAri)i> tiuths. 

M <ny cldillc authors afSrm, how- 
eve., that the caibcLtion of Cybele's 
prieils took its rife from, and w<is 
founded on, the dory of Atys. There 
are ?ome circumilances which make it 
uot nnpiob-able that what is related of 
Aty» was borrowed from what is faid 
of N> ah. Atys and the caftrated 
priefis of Cybele were cal ed her com* 
piUrons, an <«ppellaiion beftowed on no 

©ibcr pritlls ; '019 ft^^t^f fecit, particip^i* 

* ^ 

ismd he drank of the wine, and waa 
drunken and uncovered. The vine 
wa^iacred to Cybele, and her ft lue 
was of that wood. See the to 
Apoll. Rhod. lih. J, V. 1117. A huf- 
baodmaa it the term ^{ivea to Noah* 
vir tirr^, Cybe'e is the earth, and 
Atys was her hufband. A-i this, 
Irowever, may be thi>uuht very far- 
fetched, and IS. only given as conjec- 
ture. That the* cvAom ftf felf-cadra* 
tion took \\% rtfe from ibe Phrygians 
t icre can be no doubt t ihey were an 
effiemin^tc and unmanly people, and 
well deferved what Viigil Uysof them : 

" Vobis pida croco et fulgemi muriceveltic 
DcfidiKCordi } juvAt inJalgere choreis : 
£t tuiiicae mauicas, et luibent reJimicuU 

mitrae. [alu 

O veiePhrygiXynequeenim P^rygcs,itc per 
Dindyma; u^i adfuetis bifoicm dat tibia 

cantiim [matris 

Tympana v<.s hvixufijue vocant BcTCcynthia 
Idxx. Sinite arma viris e ccdito ferro." 

A^HKBNAZ. Gen. X. 3. 

•* Aod the fons of Gomer; Afhkc- 
naz, and K.iphath,^nd Togarmah." 

Afhkenaz, 1 iniaginc, inhabited 
Phrygia Minor. We read of the coun- 
try of Alcanna, and of the people call- 
cd AiC'ini. ATcaoius x^as ptobubly 
^he nomtn Cfnitlmum, or famdy-namc^ 
Ajutvo; vva& a term anticncly bedowcd 
00 the Euxine fea. 

Jeiemiah, li. 27. gives a fummooi to 
the kingdoms of Ararat, Mmni, and 
AQichenaa to t'le ftandard of the 
Medes. Thu ptoves Afbchcnaz to 
have been a neighbour to the Medes f 
and here, therefore, he will be found 
in the unGt of ground probably be< 
tween the mountains of Armenia and 
thofe of T'aurus, and cojnfe^uently in 
the vicinity of hi» father Goiner. 

Herodotus places a people, whom he 
calls Maryandyni, much in the fame 
fuuation as Jeremiah places Alhche* 
naa,- between the Matieni or the 
Noith-ead, and the Syrians and the 
Cappadociaof, or the South-weft.- The 
Maiyandy^i were probably the de- 
fcendanpofvAfticbenat. The Scholia!^ 
to ApoU. Rhod. lib. 2. rcr. 7»5, ^elU 


m, that Maryandynus wat the fon of ants who rebelled agiinft the godi ; 

Cimciuf, and Aflichen^a wa$ ihe fon and ihofe fons of Rhipaih were pioba- 
of Corner. Bithyuia in Phrygi^ was b!y the old Titan*, or Sc>ihiaii$, that 

ftrft caflcd Maiyandinia. Ma^MLflvyo; peopled Europe. £u(^athiu2 fays, that 

ctv>«c was the moomfol pipe u fed at Arcadia was formerly called Qigonccs^ 

funeral*. Mort Mmryarndfuo 'uoajermi the land of the giants,- and it is do( 

tiffS an allufion to the Phrygian inin- improbable but th>it the Tons of Rhf« 
fliels and mourners cafled in at (be path were ihe anrient A cndi'ins. Ho* 
^eparruie of dying perfons ; a cuOorn ni<^r mentions here a city called Ripe; 

fill! prevailing at Aleppo. See Dr. and Strabo meAiions here a people 

Ruffel's Nat. Ui(!. of Aleppo. called Khipes. 

Among ihefe Phrygians ihufe me- The Arcndian* were certainly a very 

lanch'jly rites were ntiiiuked^to which antienr pe:*p-e ; they bojfted that they 

there is frequent allufioii in the >a:red exified before the moon, and wore lit- 

writers of the Old TrOamem. Scldtn t e moons in their finda's, at the AtKe* 

fays they reprefentcd the acccfs and i^ians wore erafshoppers m their hair. 

recefs of the fun. The Arcadian cuflom was evidently 

Adonis was the obje£) of thefe riteSy intended to confront as it were the 
and is cc1t))ratcd for being the only Athenians, and vindicate to themfelvcs 

hero of antiqury who had the libtrty a priority of antiquity, 
of defcending to Achtrog, and re- To:<GAMAH. 

turning to earth, at certain Tea Tons. Sir Walter Raleigh (ays, but does 

The fcene of this fi6VioD was the do- not mention his authoritv, thai the 

minioDS of AOichenaz. Acheron »« a Torgamians were aifo called Gibiei, a 

river in Phrygia Minor. Here Hercu- people who bordered on the Sidonianc» 

Us fir ft deCeendcd ioiu hell, and brought in G4ba^a of Phoenicia. If Sir Walter. 

back with him the dog Cerberus, Raleigh be rght, and Cappadocia be 

who(e foam over fprchd the country with the hrft feat of Torgamah's family, he 

Aconite, to which the mtlancholy of will be found in the neighbourhood oC 

the inhabitants was afterwards a/cri- his father Corner, and his brother Afik- 

bed. The dcfcent into hell is gene- kenaz, as well as of his uncles Mefeck 

rally underftood to be a form of iui- and Tubal, the joint confederates wirK 

liation into the myfterie^. him under Gog their prince; and here 

Ir may be ItHI a queftion, whether l<-''^rned men have dii'cov^rcd (ome re- 

the dtfcent of Adonis and uf Uerculea membrance of nim in ilie peoplc.caiicd 

be not borrowed from the Egyptians, Tiogmi. 

and the defcent of their king Rbam- Strabo, in his twelfth book, afTociates 

pfinitif. the Trogmi, or Trocmi, with the Ga-. 

RiPHATH. latians «nd alTigns to them one of the 

This fon of Gorneris nowhere men- four divifiona of G^latia, which alfem*' 

tioncd in Scripture but in the genea- bled at Dryna^metum for the trial of 

logy, and thus we are deprived of the ca^es of murder. He' adds, that the 

mod authentic guides in uur refearchei Trncmi were in the coD6nts of Cappa- 

after him. • Bochatt obferves, that he docta and Poticu . There was an an- 

is called, in Gen. x. ^, Riphal, and tient city on the borders of Bithynia 

that he is the fame jxrfon who, in and Pkrygia, named Germah, whicU 

1 Chro6. i. 6, is denominated Diphal. retains the two laft fyllables of Togat- • 

Between the Bofphorus and the river mah's name. The inhabitants (fee Xy- 

Sangar, we hear of a people ca led the lander) were called Germani, or Toger- 

Rhebantes, probably the lame with the nnaai. Thofe of them who lived Ka(l« 

Rhipathxi, whom Jofephus without ^arU were ilyled Gcrmani Syri. Ger- 

fcrople Cdt!s the descendants of Rhi- "^•'ni den(>!cs one of a wltite and iatr 

path. This, however, is a fingle icf- complexion. The Germans of Europe- 

timony, and only grounded in a diAant ^^re ctlcbratcd for their fair com- 

fimiiicucfe of names. The Ripha^^n picxioos. Dionyiius Oylcs them Aiujcos 

mouDiaiiis was the original name of ^Aa 3 and Euftathius, in his comment ! 

that chain of hills afterwards better on v«r. 185, oppoles them to the JE» 

known by the name Taurici Mtittes, or thiopianb. Sec Ezekiel, chap, xxvii. 14. 

7aurui. Speaking of Tyre the Piophct fay>, . 

The Rbiphaei, or Rhib^ei, probably •• 1 hey of the houfc of Togarmah 

the defcendants of Rhipath, was a traded in thy fairs with horUs aii4 

comiDOD appcLailongiven to thdfc gi« horfcxnen and inulcs%^ 

1^4 Oiftealfy in iht t^th Chifpfer ^<5fertcfis itlufirated. [Mar* 

Tbif occupation ihc Ptphlagx'»iiiins The TelTcU of brafs were probably 
were known more efprcially lo puifuc. Tiilj.irs goods. I^ochart fuppofcs them 

Plutarch fays that Ti^^ranes, a tianne 
fomc chink derived frOm Togarmah, 
and gWem lo the ctie^s of that hoii<'', 
brought in'o the held twcntv five 
thoufand hor<eintn aenu^f^ Lucu^los. 
Jofephu* writer T./jjaun-h's naihc 
OvJ»A/AfAy() which (oinc copies re»>^i«^r 
Thygran ; neither veiy unlike Tii'/a- 
nes. The CappadMciann and Pai.hia- 
gonians (Ice Xcnophon. A nab. 5.) va- 
jucd themfelves on their i^U in horfe- 
manlhip; and boafled, a-^ IKcatonyinus 
tells Xcnophon^ that their cavalry was 
more expert in mat rial exeicife than 

to he the manufat^ure of Eubaa, and 
iiVipMrted at Tyre bv Javan. 

The (lavc^ of [dnia were, in liter 
atfrl more claflic times, principa !y 
foiight after J the women, in parricii* 
lar, Urerc famous for the accomp1i(h» 
ments of fin^ip^ and da^ci'^g. 

" Nfotus doceri g^ndet lonicos - 
MatuM Virgo ct fingilur artibus 
Jam nunc ei inceitos amores 
be tenero meditaiur lingni »» Hou* 

It was in the drcfs of >n Ionian 
fl^vc ih«t ThemiHoclcs, ihcolcd in a 
liittr, cfc.iped the furv <*f his cnragicd 

any which the king of Ptrfia had. The counrr\m<:n; and it Was to procuie 

lame preference was gitrcn th riti by fome flavfcv of this dcfcrprion that 

others. Plutarch informs us that Ciaf- Atoifa impelled the Pcrfidin monarth to 

fus the Roman general placed V\\> chief uoffeitakc th<i invafion ot Greece. Sec 

reliance upon theft. Lucuilus too made my tranfla'^on of Herod. -t'^s, vol. II. p. 

choice of thcfe and the Thracian horfc 156. I: \s a Hrikiti^ revolution of 

10 attack the CatophraRs, the choiccll evtnt*;, that the commaodtr. who hid 

of the enemy's cavalry. Wt mav con- dtfeared the enterpiizc of Xerxes, 

dude that the wealtfiy Tyrians Would ihould, after this, be ii delned for 1 is 

not have tiaHicked wifh the houfc of (afety to, and be carried ro Peifia 'ir, 

Togtrmnh in this article if ihty cou'd the hkfntts and garb of th(»(e ve rv vv.>- 

hafe been better fcrvcdtlfe where. The men who, if the authorirv of Htrodo. 

Prophet, in defcribing the m.ignifi- ti!S is to bfe truOrd, provoked and ftir- 

cence of Tyre, intended to trll U' that red up ihr wir. The fickle chirailtr 

fte was fupplied w:th the heft of all of thfc Orccki, that is lo r/<y, of Javar.'s 

ibrts of merchandilc that Afia coiild pontiity, has been the univcrfal tl-cme 


"And the fons of Jaran ; Elifliah 
aod Tarfhifh, KiiMm and Doiia* 
nim." Gtn. x. x. 

Bochart placo> Javan and his 'ens in 
£urope, aflfigniog to il»e f4thcr (>r«rtct; 
to Blilbab, Pelopor.r.cfiJS; to Tarftt fli, 
Ta'tefTus in Spain; toChitiim, r.^tiuiu 
in Italy ; and to Dodanim, a part uf 

Javan then may be confidered as 

antiqu'tyj and it 
the Icvtfi Charchei 

o\ ccniure aijong the heft wriiei- <,f 
and it is rcmarkible th?: 
hes to wh.ich the R, kil- 
ties are dirt^Ud in the Revetai'iM.s 
we»e »!l, if \ may be aPowcd the ex. 
prelfi«n, unocr liie jurifditVion of |rf- 
van, except, pCihaps, Pergamus. Rev. 
ii. 4. 

Ephcfus is reproached for havit]^ left 
her lirfl love. fn the lame chao.rr 
Thyaiira is accufcd of (ufferirg a fq fc 

LiOrd of Ionia, the antient name cf prophciri's to Itducc her fiom tiic true 

which wai J as, not very remote from '^ 


«< Javan and Tuh.>l and Mcfluch, 

they wcie tl y merchants ; thcv 

traded the pcrfon^ ot men and 

TcfTels of brafs in thy market.*' 

Ezckicl xxvii. 13. 

TThis frems a very curiotii ciicum- 

ftance in the character of Javan. He 

God. Ch.p. ii«. ver. \ and 1, Sards 
is c>>'nfii!cied as one dead, and e\Tio(icd 
to vigilarce, a^.d to n.ufe itfcif fioin 
negligence. Ver. 15 of the fame chap- 
ter, Laodicca is cilicd one neither cold 
ncr hor. The Church of the Ni oi^T- 
tans is accufed of impufitv of mo?al«-. 
Afl which collc^livc circumfiances 
ccmbinc to fix one and the fi*me na- 

does not come to Tyre, hkc the other tional chara£lcr on the Greeks in all 

irterchan's who frequented that market, ages, 

vnth (uch as are the produce of ElishaH. 

his own ikiU or manufaQure, btic with Eliftah is confidered by learned men 

a ftring of flavor. If it proves nothing as fynonymous with Aolus. Servius 

clfe, it proves the (erreat antirjoity of the on the firft iEneid ftyies JEolus Hippom 

abominable pra£lice of buying and fd* tades btmtnut in/ti^um, Lord of the 

littgour fello\v<men. lilands. This eorrefponds With Ezekici, 


t'^97*l Genefis 411^ Ifaiah iUmftraUd, — Mlfcellane^us Rimarks. 193 

chap, xxfii. vcr. 7 : " Blue and purple 
from the iflet of Elilhah was that which 
covered thee." 

fat, OT Ion, was the appellattve etven 
to the defceiidaots of the houfi; of Ja*' 
van I fo the country cf ttic dcfcendants 
of Bliihah, or ^olus, was> in after 
times, called JCoiia. 

There was a town in the Pelopon- 
nefe, calkd Alifium, not unl ke Eli- 
lhah; and Bochart thinks that the Hel- 
lefponc was origioaMy called Elis Pomt^ 
from the fame perfonage. According 
to Herodotus, one of the one hanired 
and twenty protincefy as they ftood in 
the Rolls of the Perfiao Empire, was 
named A^(ienen()«, which, from its 
lituatioo betwixt looia and Phrygia, 
muft evidently comprehend ^oiia«— > 
Leibos became the capital ifland under 
the junfdiftion of the ^oli ; and this, 
with Tcnedoi, and other fmall iflands, 
I prcfume to be thefe of which Ezckicl 

The commodities with which they 
traded at Tvre were probably different 
fpeciet of the Purpura Marina. See 
my notes on this liibjeft, Herodotus, 
▼er. iii. p. 423. 

Chios was probably alfo one of thefe 
idanJs ; foi hither it was that Alexan- 
der fent for materials to clothe himfelf 
and his favourites with paiple robes* 
See Athcnaeus, b. xii. c. 9. W. B. 

Mr. Urban, Jam. to. 

READING Bp. Lowih's tranflation 
of liaiah, I met with the following 
note on chap, xxxvi. ver. 11 : 

« DeJIinid U iai jour 9Wh dung] 
^"^Vh 'that they may eat,' as our 
tranflition literally renders it. But Sy* 
Tiac leads /^KQ* ' that they may not 
eat}' peih.'p% nehtlVf and afterwards 

nintyoi or rwnmf to the fame 


Now, upon confuUing Walton's Po* 
lygloiC, 1 And the reading of the Synac 
to be different; »iz. p'^DK^ K^T 
and ^inB^*1> exprtlFcu in the Hebiew 
characters. The meaning I own rp he 
the fame I with vvhich the Arabic alfo 
ageees. Nor do I enquire into the pro> 
priety of infcriing the negative upon 
the authority oi thefe two verfioot. 
But 1 (hovld be obliged to fome of 
your biblical correfpondents to aliign a 
reafoa (if ofitf can be aligned) why 
Bp. Lowth rcprefcnts the reading of 
the Syriac to he different from what it 

Gekt. Mao. Marcbf i797* 


really is. It would be prcfumption in 
me to accufe fo learned a mab a« Bp. 
Lowth was of entire ignoiance of the 
Syriac language ; though certainly 
there appears fomething like it in the 
note which I have nunted ; for, the 
prepofition mim, prcnxed to a Syriac 
Infinitive, would have h'td a fomi'wbdti 
different form from the Hebrew infini- 
tive ; as may liie fcen by confulting 
Baxtorf's Chaldee and Syriac Gram- 
mar. W. W. 

Mr. Urban. March 6. 

T^HE cafe of J. M. p. it8» will be 
feme what relieved, and cheaply 
and readily, by the perfon purging 
himfe f, about once in ten days, wita 
any ato^tic purge (Scotch pills are as 
good as any purge for it); and parti- 
cularly by wnihing his hands every 
morning at uprifing with fea-water, 
or, for want of it, in fait and water. 
Yours, &c. M. 

Mr. Urban, March 7. 

A Country Reader, neither ikilled 
in the dead languages of Lario 
or Greek, nor a fcient>tic man, requefis 
your botanic correfpondents would an- 
nex to their fcientific terms the com* 
moQ familiar Englidi liames generally 
ufed} which wuuid enable myfHf and 
others to i^ive them oftentimes infor- 
mation, which, by their prefent termi 
of fcience, we are precluded from. 
But, if the botanical papers are ali to 
be in LioDsean language. Dr. S. and 
his Linncan correfpondcnu had better 
confine it* to tlieir own circle, rather 
than fill your generally ufeful pages 
with an unintelligible language to 
rood of your readers for oftentation. 
Yours, &c. Rat* 

Mr. Urban, March Z, 

AMONGST others, fpecial thanks 
to Viator, for his ufeful commu- 
nication on lighting fires ; he is a pub- 
lic benefactor. (See p. 96.) 

The hydrophobia in the Suffolk cow. 
p. 34, is really, Mr. Urban, toogroilly 
ignorant to defjrrve any reply. 

Ao eafy, equal, produAiVe tax.-»- 
I hiied a puft-cbaife to viiit a friend, 
and returned the fame day, and was' 
charged the government d4y.dury. I' 
vifiied there a|»ain, and ft^yed till next 
day. I paid my poft-chaife for the two 
days, but no government duty. Why 
aot an equal duty for every day? 


194 Methnl ^f fi^tpH o^d prtfitvlng £/rd!f,-r-Shakrpeare. [Man 

What a profitable ux, and how equal 
8Dd juft 1 ' V. 

Mr. Urban, CreJitog, Jmh. lO 

IN p. 859, A* H. enquirea after the 
beft method of fturonf; and prefer* 
▼ing hirdsy method of making eyes for 
them, &c. &c. I beg to acquaint him, 
Tarious are the rHethod< ufed 00 this 
eecafion. The recipe I ufe, and 
which I find fu'ly'to aofwer^the pur- 
pofe, iff, firfi, open the bird at the 
▼ent, extrad' the entrails, lunfss, 
craws, lee. « waih out the cayitv with 
a folution of one ounce of Cil ammoniac 
diflblved is a quart of water, in which 
.aftcrwirdt two ounces of torrofiTe fub- 
Koiate of mercury muft be put ; or, four 
ounces of arfcni^k may be boiled in 
two quart) of water* till all, or the 
Hreatetl part, be d'ffjlved. Sufpend 
the bird by the bill to dr^in ; then 
ftrew the in fide with a powder made 
of four parts of tob.icco-fand, four pirts 
of pounded pepper, one part of hurnt 
tlttin, and one p^it of corrofive fubli- 
aiate^ or arfen^k { then fill the body 
with oakum« or tow, fieeped in the 
aboTC liquor. Sew up the vent*hole 
made for extra6ling the entrails with a 
thread fieeped in the liquor \ t^ke out 
the toogoe, and fcoop out the brain 
tbrotigh the mouth \ fill thefe cavities 
atfo With the fieeped tow. The atti- 
tude is given by Ibarp- pointed wires at 
one end being thrufi thiough the legs, 
body, breafi, and neck, alio through 
the wings and body, acrofs. Dry the 
birdf gently in an oven, taki;ig care 
thai the heat is not too powerful, which 
may be known by a feather or <i hair 
put for trial-fake into it 1 which^ if 
adequate to the purpofe, will nciihtr 
crilp, curly nor bend. If at any time 
the bird gets moift, h^ve recourfe to 
the oven, or a gentle fire, which will 
/oon recover its lofi elafiicity, and pre- 
ferye it (with care) for ages. £yes 
may be procured at any gUfi manufac- 
tory ; or they may be bought at any of 
the' dealers in birds and curiofities in 
London; or the e>e-fockcts may be 
filled with putty, and painted accoid- 
ing to nature with oil colours. 

The recipe of the late Sir Alhton 
I^ever, for tiie above purpofe, was a 
fliixture of one pound of f<ilr, four 
ouncci of a! urn, and two ounces of . 
b^ack pepper I in every other matirr 
as before, except the ufe of the liquid^ 
and drying the fubjcCi by the oven. 
ilc fufpcada the bird by the feet in a 

fine cool airy place, for the falts to im* 
pregoate the «body ; afterwards, by a 
thread run throegh the under mandi- 
ble, till it appears to be perfediy 
fweet ; then hang it tn the fun, or 
nei^r h fire* 

The prefent preferver of birds, 
quadrupeds, ice at the Leverian Mu- 
feum, has invented a new method for 
fupplving his fubje^t witli eyei: it 
conhfts of a femi-globe of pol-.flied 
giafs ; oa the plane fide is affixed a 
painted reprefentation of the puptl», 
iris, &c. of the eye, which gives it a 
Ttrv natural appearance. J. LaskeT. 

*^^^ We fiuiU he glad to receive the . 
drawing of tlie Devonlhire celt. £ o 1 t . 

Mr. Urban, Si^ckppn, Mmrch 16. 

I HAVE lately purchafcd the valu- 
able edition of Shakfpeare by Stee- 
veni i I admire it much ; it is elegant- 
ly and corrtdiv printed. Every lover 
of our Englifli ^(chyius mufi feel 
bimfclf under the greateft obligat^nus 
. to that indefatigable gentleman. The 
light he ha^ (bed on innumerable 
pafiages makes the old 'Bard fliine 
with renovated lufire. He, however, 
is confcious of the exuberance of 
notes that are fiibjoined to this cdi* 
tion ; for which he makes a very 
proper apology. For two omifiiooe, 
however, his apo'ojry is not fo fatit- 
faAory ; the former deprives us of a 
fenfible p^esfute, the other rcnde.s this 
editicn incomplete. Though theie 
can, perhaps, he no certain reliance 
on the authenticity of any of the paint- 
ioi^s or engravings of Shakfpeare ; and 
Mr. Stcevcns thinks it abfurd to ** per- 
petuate illufions;" yet every admirer 
of him (omitting that gentleman) can- 
not but receive pleafure- from contem- 
plating thofe features which he fop- 
pofes, at leafi, to be reprefmtatives of 
the « Warwickfiiire lad." I muft 
confcfs, I often gaze with delight 00 
the piflure of any favourite author be« 
fore 1 begin to read ; and cannot but 
think that it infufes a portioa of fp-rit* 
Now to the (econd omjffion, which 
renders this editioo inconplete, vix« 
the non«infertion of the poems. . They 
are ceruinly by no means adequate in 
merit to his other performaocet : but 
is this an argument for their total ex* 
pulfiott } By the fame rule Mr. S. 
might omit half of what he has givca 
u«. Even allowiag thty have but lit- 
tle iotrtnfic mentf yet they are render- 
ed dcfirablc by the ingcoiotts labours 


^797-] Rf^^^is $n feveral Paffaget In Stcevcns*8 Shakfpcarc. 195 


of Mr. Malone, his illuftrioui compe- P. 15 : 
titor. Apropott I am happy to fee thac 
ive may expert a life of our Bard from 
the peo of that ahle gentleman. Ruwe's 
is a moft infipid thing> indeed. 

As I read, Mr. Urban, I fhail iranf- 
mit CO your valuable rcpcfitory my 
curfory Remarks, if the prefent meet 
your approbation. 

Tempeft, p. i.— I am furprizcd 
that Mr. S. did not place his emenda- 
tion in the text ** blow lil! thou burft 
thee, wind." There cannot be a 
doubt but thac it is the genuine 
readin6[. In common pronunciation 
** thee" and " thy" are fcarceiy di- 
flint^utfliab'e. He, therefore, that 
took this down from the fpeech of the 

MirafuU. O ! my heart Meeds 

To think o'lh' ceen that I have turn'd you to, 
Which is from ray remembiVnce. 

This difficult pall^ge is pafled by in 
filei:ce by a common pi*ce of critical 
knaverv. The fcope of it feeros to be 
chis t *' My heart bleeds to think of 
th« forrowful events which I have 
brought afrefli to your memory sad 
put you on recounting, but which 
have efcaped (are from) my remein* 
brance." " Teen" is u(ed very fre- 
quently by Spencer. 

The manage of my date] for aa* 

To trafli for overtopfini]. Tba 

aaor (for mod of thefe plays were Rct context plainly (bews the meeniog of 

polfeifion of in this furtive way), might 
e?fiiy make the miftrke. 

Scene 2, p. 7. — Miranda's defcrip- 
tion of the. ftorm is ahfolute bombaft. 
The remaining part of her fpeech is 
beautiful in the extreme ; it is tender 
and pathetic; the idea of *' finking the 
fea w'ithin the earth" is truly fub'imc. 

To feparate the latter ** no harro-?'* 
from Miranda's fpeech, ** O, «'oe the 
day«" deftf oys the beauty of the paflage. 

P. 13: 

** Betid to any creature in the velTel 
Which thou heard'ft cry, which thou faw'fl 

The commentators, except only the 
venerable Dr. Johnfoo, feem to think 
it beneath them 10 explain paffages, 
however difficult; their «hief aim is 
to produce endlefs authorities for the 
words madeufe of. The conHruftion 
here is by 11^ means uncommon to 
Shakfpeare ; but it is a peculiar one, 
** Betid to any creature which thou 
heard'fl cr? in the velfei which thou 
faWfl fink.*' 

P. 14: 
^Pro/. Twelve ye-4rsfinoe,Miranda,twelve 

years fincc 
Thy father was the duke of Milan, and 
A prince of power." 

I hope 1 fh^ I not be accufed of re- 
finement, when 1 alTert thai •* ve?r»** 
in the hr(^ verfe was made dilTylUble 
by defign, not merely to fill tht line. 
The length it requires in pronunciation 
is admti.tbly expreflive of the tedious 
length of the ^eark, <nd tifterwar's the 
accert ts on ••twelve'" to fhew the 
';;reat number of thpfe •• ye-ars " It is 
DO Ills beautiful than the •' Futmus 
Trots fuit liium & ingem^^ioria Tiu* 
irorum" of Virgil. Aln. 11. 325. 

this pillage: it is limply this, to re* 
tard Of check the growing honour of 
thofe whom he perceives to be €*>o po« 
puUr, or afpiiiog." A *' trafh," at 
an anonymous annotator has obicrved^ 
is a hunting term for a/iy weight 
made ufe of to retard the courfe of 
to9 fwift dogs. Such huge commea* 
taries, when a finule line wruld have 
fhed as much light on the paiTige, only 
fcrve to plunge the ignorant into deep» 
er ignorance, and confufe the inieliir 
P. 171 

" Pro/ AU dedicate 

To cbfenefs." 

f. t. totally given up to retircmenr. 
•* Dedicate" is vervproperly rtAorcd: 
amoui^ our early wfuers the prseterite 
puticiple has rarely the *• d" annexed. 
E* g. St. Athan. C-ecd, *• the Father 
uncrea//, &c. Exodus, xii. Eat not of it 
raw, neither foodcn it all with water, 
but roa^ with fire. Donne, Funeral 
Elegie," veifc 65 : 

•< As, when a temple's Huilt, faints emnlate 
To which of them it (hall be confecrtfrc.*' 

O'erprii'ti] " was of more v«lue/ 



ufed paflively. Would aot 
pric'jd" be better > 

He be ng thus lordtd] *• veiled 
with lord y or fupreixe power/' Its 
general fiifn'fieation every one kiiowt 
is very diflfefcnt. 

P. 18: 

" like one 
Who having unto truih, by leUiiig of it, 
M:^c!e (iich a trauor >f his memory 
lo uecht hi> oyvn lie." 

I would correal this p^^fTage bv wri 
ting ••ofi'' inflead of «• m^ \\ ," the 
giammaticai inaccuracy \NxVV vV^jc >>^ 


196 Ritnarkson Stccvcns's Shakfpcarc. — C\i^n{t2L Ahbey. [Mar. 

be removed, and the fentence rendered pur owo country, I need not plead 

perfe6>ly plain. ** Like one who, by the title of friendfliip to render the 

frtqntnt repetitions, has nude even fubfequent account. agreeable to you, 

himfelf give, credit to the falfity he being the refuit of my obfervations in 

forged." ** Ai" is wanting to anfwcr the afternooD of a. journey I took to 

to ** fuch i" but thefc cliptical expref- Chertfey. 

fion9 are very frequent with our author. I firft went with eager (leps to view 

Now the condition.] I would, re- the abbey, rather the Ate of the ab- 

yrulate this place by annezin^r thefe bey ; for, * fo total a diflblution £ 

vrords to Miranda's fpeech. She re- fcarceiy ever faw ; fo inveterate a rage 

plies ro the Utter part of what Profpero againft every the leaft appearance of 

lavs, then aiks what theeonditibn was. it, as if they meant ro defeat even the 

^<mranda. I not rcmcmbrins how I inherent fanaiiy of the ground. Of 

cried M/ then ^"^^ noble and fplendid pile, which 

Will cry it o'er again." took up four acrts of ground, and 

• Stevens p-opofes «' cried cn't;" but |?oked like a town, nothing remains ; 

why fhould xve not read, as immcdi- "carcely a Itttle of the outwaid wall of 

*tely after, "cried it?" Shakfoeaic Khc/rm«^«fi. 

certainly wrote it fo. ^^^ gardener earned me through a 

P. 20: In few,] in few words. ^7*' ^^ »hc right-hand at the South 

P. 21. Prof. •• When I have dicVU ^^^ <>f '^*^ ^oufc, v^heie, at the en- 

'the ^eawith drops full fah.l^Dtck'd," '""^f of the kitchen- garden, ftood 

as Eboracenfis has obfcrved, fhould be ^^^ ^^h"'*:^ of 'hf '^"^'y t, V?"**^ "°^' 

•*de^gM" unqueflion;tbly. It is not Tplcndid enough. The Wett front and 

on|y^^ftd in the North, but in Che towtr-fteeple was by the door.nd out- 

Aire. and all the neighbouring ccun- ^^*j^ ^»"» '°"^'np ';^«'"«* ^jjf ^^^^n 

tics, for, to fprinkle. ^'^^ entrance to the abbey The Eall 

P. 16. Ariel's defcription of the "<^ reached up to an artificial mount 

execution of his commiffion is am- "long the garden-waJ. That mount, 

2ingly fublimc; every ivord incrrafcs »"«'/" ^^\ terraces of the pltafure. 

thr dienitv garden on the bick-front of the bnufe, 

P. 27. Fc.dinand,. with up- V*' ""^«^y "V»^« ^P ^^ *^^ ^«f «^ ^^- 

ftaring.] Perhaps wc flioulU iCaU ^^''^ and rubbilh of contmual dcvaf. 

upnarting. or uprtandin?. lation. r , 1.1. i 

J. . . : , u . r. J Human bones of the abbots, monks, 

" And e.ich particular hair to ftund on ,„ . „,^^. r « ^ u i J 

end." /W./. ?"^ S*^"' perfi^ages. xvhoxvere buried 
„ Tkit .r . 1 - *" Rf"t numbers in the church, and 
P. 29 Mr. Upton's regulation is doifters which lay on the South fide of 
doubtlefs r ghr ; 1 am furpi ittd Hut it ,,,, ^^urch, were fprcnd thick all over the garden, which takes up the whole 
P. 42. Full fathom hve, &c.] church and cloifters ; fo that one may in the fecond has fallen ^^ handfuls of bits of bones at a 
into a grammat.c.l error, which ma- ^j^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^ j^„, 
ny authors more diftinguiflied for ^tuff. Indeed, it put me in mind of 
! ''A'c t'^'^u ^" ' have not avoided, what the Plaln>ift fays ; •« Our bonet 
•J Of Ills bones fl/Y coral made.' Here ,5^ fcat.ered before the pi: like as 
he makts «« bones" the nominative by ^hcn one brcakcth and hexveih wood. 
negligence inaead of ••coral' We upon the earth," cxii. 8, 
ihould by all means read - ,s." Foundaiions of the religious build- 
Nothing of h.m, &c. Steevens. I j ^^^^ j,een dug up. carved flones. 
rather think the fimple meaning to be fl,„d„ ,11^,3 ^f ^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^l 
this. No part of him decavs, but on- ^^ntal flone., effigus, braffes. lofcrip. 
Jy uncfergoes a change by the fca- ^^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^be.cj e.en beyond the 
^"""» *^; ^' ^' lerracis of the p.cafure-garden. 

^, r *Lf ^/-.n/r Thc domains of the abbei? extend 

Cherrfci Abbey ; Caelar's Pa/agf ovtr ^j; ^^ ^j,, f,j^ ^f the river for 

ibc Thames. In a Utter from D^ 3 ^ ^^- . ^^^ meadow. 

STL KKLEY to tbi nvcrjb'.pjul and They made a cut at the upper end of 

learn.d ANDREW CoLTEE Du- ,, . ^^..^ taking in the wafer of the 

CARLL, LL,U. t.Ct j9. ^,y^^^ ^j^gjj it approaches the abbey, 

KNOWING well > our Uve for ao- gains a faM fufficient for a wa er-miil 

Cicni learning, elpecially that of for the ufe of the abbey and of the 


1797*}* Chcrtfea j^itf — Caefaifs Pajfogt ever ih§ Thames; 19^ 

town. Heie U a very large orchard, ther laboori^ thiough the book(cIlfrt 

vtxxh many an^) ion? capa's, < r fi(h- craft. 

ponds; which, together with the gre t Thcv that have written on Ccrai*s 

mote arouvd the abbeVf and derivins; journeyi hither ha»^ very flcnder no* 

its watei from the river, was well nons of it, and of his paiHng; the 

Aocked with fifh Norwiihfl^ndiog it Thames tn p^rtitular. That we may* 

is To wc.l fenced, in the 9 h century come a: a proper knowledge of this 

the abbey was facked by the barbarous matter, the grru .nmhor tel's us, ia 

Danes, the abbot and 90 monks mur- cap. 17 of lib. V. Di BiUci GaiiU^f that 

dered. *< the Britons at noon d y auacko4 

I lefr the ruined ruins of this p'ace, with the utmofl vi^i^our his foragert* 

which had been confecrated corelgion borfemen, and the legionary troo|ss 

ever finer the year 666, with a figh fcnc to protedi rhem ; but, jn t-he c»d, 

for the l«'<fs of fo much national mag- received ifuch a defeat that all ^hc aiix« 

niHcence and natonal hiflo v. Dre^d- iliary forcts left the gcneial Cafvd* 

ful nar, that ftorm which fpared not, h^n. Nor did ttie Eritons after tliis 

at leaft, the churches, libraries, painted attempt to fight the Romans in a r«» 
glafs, monuments, manufcnpts ; that- guUr battle.*' 

fpared not a tut e out of the abundant This was in Kent, on this fidt Bar- 
fpoil tu fupport them for the public ham Down. Csfar found ouc the** 
honour and emolument. But, fure, it that their intention wa« to retteat over 
W3^ highly culpable not to give back a the tiver Thames irtoC^lvelhan*so«Mi. 
fufHcitnc maintenance to the p rochial territopes, thinking he would nttt puiw 
cierg. ! and. without it, little hope fue them fo hi^^li into ih^ aiidlaa4 
can the pnijcn* rs entertain for the pro« country. The rivct Thamea mm ferd* ■ 
fperity of their families. able only «t one phce; and even thi% 
One piece of h.ftory belonging to srqrt traitfiri potijit in Cxfar's wor4a« 
this pl-ice I mull mention, lately re- This one pjac^ is undoubtedly Cowa^ 
trievcd by our friend the Rev. Mr, 11 ikes, between W«ybfidge and WaU 
Widm^re. The body ^f that mur* ton, over a^ain'i Shepp^non. 
dered monarch, Henry VI. was depo- The r:vcr at this place is ivider thaa 
iited >n this church under a fumptuous elfev^here anywhere neir it of fofli« 
maufoltum. King Henry VII. intend- miles; and that is the rcafon of it«, 
ing he (houid be beatitied into a (aint, bong fordablc. At misplace CafveU 
removed it to Windfor chapel ; thence han was determined 10 make a Aa«d 
to Wellminfter abbey, where it ^ill ag^inft the Roman arms. We aie t» 
reOi, but in p!ace pirticularly is dilabufe ourft ves from the vulgar no- 
unknown. The Cr>urt of Romr de* tions of the Briton^ bemg (o barbirout 
manding too high a price for the fa« a peopi\r; none rouid bihava with 
vour, the king dropped his deHgn. m>'re policy and valour. 

1 now leCumed my fot.'Tier ardour to At ^hcpperton, C^^fvelhan collc£^ed 
purfue the footileps of the great Cae* all his forcts, and ihofc not a few. 
far, who p-jflcd the Thames near here. Mareove , he had fortified the bank- 
When 1 lived formerly in London, I fide with (harpp^llifad'^Si ;ind, belidet^ 
made many excurfions in queft of his the like ft kes were fixed :o the veiy' 
no6^urnal manfiuiiS, and the track of bed of the liver, under water. 
his journeying! in his two expeditions Cagfar would not have merited hit 
hither. Very largtiy have 1 treated conlummate charader, hid he not ta- 
that fubjed in MS. with many draw- ken care to have the bcA luteiiigtacc. 
ings, feveral of which have been ea- Mandubriitius, kingof the Trinobitu- 
graved 30 years ^go. / tes, who inhabited London, Middle- 
I have no ^reat hope of printing fcx, and fome pirt of the couotrf 
this, and many like works, for more about Southwark, was now with biro. 
reafons than one. The fpirit of f lid He had be^n driven out of hit owa 
learning is vifibly funk m my own country by Cafvclhan, and fled to 
time, and iince I profecuted thefc ilu« Cx'ar. From him, from captives,' 
d'cs. With a national reg.rdto reli- and defcrters, CxUr learned all this, 
gion, funk and ncgle^ed, all true But it was in v^in 10 hefit^ite, and quite 
knowledge and wiidom falls to the, diliant from his temper : he ^ead) his 
ground. No patrons of that which is aimy to Walton, over againft the 
leally ncble and pr^ifc- worthy ! Nor pUce ; it conhfled of full 30,000 «f<- 
C4ti autUufs hope fox anj retain for fc^ive mea. 

1^8 Chcrtfca ifW/jr— Catfar's P-affagt ruer tbi Thames. [Mar. 

Many years ago I vifited thit place 
for the purpofe we are upon. There 
Wat reafon to judge that his nocturnal 
camp was in the prefent town, and 
t^'here Brif^ad. Watkins's houfe Hands. 
This houfe it in his camp ; the ditch 
of the camp having been converted io« 
to canals in hit garden, the dimenfioos 
.properly correfponding, which gave 
me a notion of it, being about 300 
fiet OB a (ide. 

Authors generally miftake in fancy- 
ing that the great and operofe camp on 
JSt. George's hitl, hard by, was Cae- 
far's; that was a ftarionary camp; by 
%vhom made I haye no concern at this 
timt to enquire. But, far otherwife 
was the Roman method on expeditions 
mod marches. It is true, ihey made a 
CAinp the very night ; fuch was theic 
difcipline ; and with renfon. But this 
camp was of Very fmall dimenfion, 2 
or 300 feet onfy on a fide. It was 
chiefly for ftate and regtilHrity. It 
ynt 9l fr^tffrium, the head quarters of 
the general ai^d a few chi«f oflficers ; 
snd perhaps the fpoii was there lodged. 
The Roman army lay around thi» p^4t- 
iwrium ; they dtd not truft their fafety 
to a few diowfy fentinels, but a thiid 
part of their army lay under arrrs ; 
and they always encamped upcn plains, 
and open heatht, free fiom woods, to 
prevent furprize. 

I have met with many of Cselar's 
nocturnal camps: fome were engraven 
30 years ago, and unpiib!i(hed lor the 
leafons abovemeniioncd. 

It would have been an injudicious 
raflineft in Caffar to have puthed his 
pafTage over the Thanies at Coway 
ilakcs, fo paltifadoed above and below 
water, with relolute troops on the 
other fide ; difad vantages' tiM> great for 
Csfar's prudence. But the matter, 
n\ofl abfolniely necciTaiy, mud be ac- 

Therefore Caefar refo^ves to attempt 
it fomewhat higher up the river. For 
this purpofe he leaves a part of his ar» 
my at the camp of Walton, ftietched 
out in proper front, to make a (how of 
his liay there \ jhe refl he leads over 
the river Wye, and finds a very con- 
venient place for his purpofe in the 
meadow a little below where Chcrtfey 
bridge now (lands. 

1 viewed the place with gteat atten- 
tion, and maturely confidered all cir- 
cumHances, and durfl pronounce with 
affurancr, that it was at this very place, 
of which the great hero ibui writes : 

^ He ordered the horfe to enter the 
water, and the legionary rroops to fol- 
low them cloftly. The foldiert went 
with fo much force and celerity, tho' 
they were only head above water, that 
the enemy could not withftand the 
power of the legions and of the caval- 
ry, but left the bank, and betook 
themfelves to flight/' 

Now let US confider the matter ftep 
by flep. We cannot doubt of hit camp 
being at Waltnn, over again ft the ene- 
my } the name of the town proves it, 
at com in e from vmUum . it is a common 
naine of towns where camps are 
found. There mnft be much wood 
about the river Wye then, as now, 
which would favour his private march. 
The river comes from Guilford, has 
beeir made navimabie not many years 
ago, and that by means of locks and 
(luices, which r^ife the water fuffici- 
entiy for the purpofe. But in its na* 
tural date it was eafity fordable any 
where, nor difficult even now. 

Farther, there is another little brook 
which runs into the Wye about Wey- 
brid^e, but not tire ieaft impediment 
to the march of an army. Defcending 
fome h>gh grour)d at a place calted 
Oburn, thev came to a very large dry 
meadow, of which, no doubt, they 
had good inte ligcof^e before. This is 
jufi below Cher fey bridge. On the 
oppofite open ibore is another fuch 
very larfe dry meadow, both of gra^e^ 
The bed of the river is graVel. Both 
the. (hores plain, flat, and ie?el with 
the water's edge. 

Ail thele circumflances are ex- 
tremely favourable. But, farther, this 
very place is a^ually fordabic in dry 
fommers at this day. And, to crown 
all, there is a fine flexure of the river, 
which muft afford the mofi defirab'e 
afliflancc to the Romans, enlarging 
their fri'nt, contracting that of the 
Britons, and giving the former an op- 
portunity of making an attack to great 
advantage on the flat edge of the wa- 
ter ; many oppofing a fc^, and fur* 
rounding them on two fides as we I as 
froiit. In a word, we may compare it 
to the operation of a pair of (hears. 

Though the Britons, without con- 
troverfy, awaited Czfar't motions at 
Shieppcrton, yet we have not the leaft 
room to think they did jiot watch him 
higher up the river, but a mtic off, 
^nd oppofe him with part of their 
forces. But Caefar's good fortune and 
Romau Talour overcame all difficulties, 


> 797*1 Chertrea 'Mkiy-^CxtkrU PaJJagi ovgr tie Thames. 199 

lad f^aiacd the ibore.' They drove the higher than any ground near it, yec 
Britons back to their m^in body at hat a very fine the top oe%er 
Shepperton ; and there too th«y to- dry; a matter. of philofophy concern- 
tally difcotnfired them, «nd «took up ing which I never could in oay mind 
their ftjtion for that ni^^hc at the very forrn any fort of folution. 
place. This hill gives a noble proof of. the 
One more advantage gained by his rotation of the eauh on its axis, and 
ptffiige at Chenfev is, that the quan- of that m'^>tion being given it when at 
titv of water in the rive" is fomewhat yet the furface of the ground was not 
leflened by all that the Wye furniihety thoroughly dry. This is a fad I have 
nod that other lefs rivulet, and itke. every where obferved in all my tra- 
wife of the brook that runs by Cow* vels* and long fince given notice of it 
ley's houfe at Chcrtfey, arifing at Sr. in the beginning of my himrmrimm* 
Anne's hill ; all emptying themfelves There is reafon to admire at the inco« 
into the Thames below this place V gitancy of mankind, as much th^t t\ktj 
Laftlyy we mufl obrerve, that never took notice of it before as fince, 
this year of Csfar's fecond inYafion though a matter' foobviouSi fo exceed- 
was remarkably dry; n circumftance ing^y remark. ble. 
of admirable advantage in facilitating Near Feltham runs that artificial rl- 
his fording the river at this place; as, ver made acrofs the common by King 
under the like cafe, it is now fordable. Charles I. from Stan well to Hampton- 

1 have been informed, that the court; and, Eaft of the' powder- mitt , 

ftakes at Cowey, which Cdfvelhan at Belfont, on Hounflow heath, I again 

placed in the river, were very thick rcmaikcd a very fair piece of the old 

pieces of ewe-tree; a wood eminent. Roman ro^d from Old- (Ireet,. North of 

for its toughnefs, therefore not eafily London, Por< pool- lane, Theobald'a 

to be broken: v road in my p^rilh, Oxford- road, aAd 

The memorial of this paflage of ^byTutnham green, to Staines. Thic 

Czfar is kept up in the name of the piece is jufi by the water, fide, and 
town of Chertfey ; for, the word it half a mile in length, where th^ pre* 
made up of Cajar, and the Brittlh ridht fent road leaves it to go to the brid^ 
riiust a pafiage or ford« They here This I mentioned in my Itinerary. Ic 
pronounce Cxfar foft, after the Italian' goes acrofs the kingdom in 'a ftraighc 

manner; fo Cherbourg, in France, it line parallel to the Ikenil-ftreer, from 

Cafmris burgus. So the Latins pro- Chichefter to Dun with, in Suffolk t 

Doonced etrafms^ a cherry, which was the firft epifcopal feat there, ere6kd 
originally pronounced kery by the in- by Foelix the Burgundian, who com- 
babttaatsot Pontus, whence Lucu lus verted that country to the GhriliuA 
brought the plant. From them the faith, and built the Ichooi at Cam- 
Turks now call them kery«. bridge. 1 call this road, for diAiac-^ 

I viewed the houfe in Chertfey tion fake, %ia TrtMobmntica. 
where Mr. Cowley the poet lived and O^. 19, 175a. Wm\ StUKELEY* 
died, as they fay. It is a good old ■ ■— 

timber houfe of a tolerable model. M r. Urbah, Dmulei, $€ft, tt* 

There is a large garden : a brook, be- ^T^HERB it a p«per in the firit and* 
fore mentioned, arifiog at St. Anne'a JL onl^ volume yet pubhlbed of thft 
hillj ru4Eia by tne fide. They talk .of a Traniadiont of the Antiquaries of 
pretty fummer- houfe which be built, Scotland, by Mr. Little, on the ^spe» 
which was demo ilhed not long fince ; dieoti ufcd by the Celts in this coua* 
and of a feat under a/fyca more- tree by try prevto«8 to the ufe of metalt. Uia 
the brook ; which are mentioned in hit diflertatioois accompanied by a plaie^ . 
poems. There are very good fiCh- but the great defefi of both is, that no 
ponds too of his making. fcaie is given, nor information impart* ' 

Nejr Chertfey is that remarkable ed, as to the pr^trti^aJjStus of tbo 
high hill, called St. Anne's hill, from a diBSsrent ftone utenfils and weapons es- 
chapel built upon it by the piety of hibiced and deichbed. 1 have feen ^ 
^former times to th» honour of the mo- many, and poiStfs a few, of the iinalf " 
ther of the BUfT-d Virgin. It is much antient darts, or arrow heads, compo- 

II fed of pebble or Hint, in various forms, 

* Perhaps the iflets above Chertfey but chiefly triangular, and barbed with 

bridge breaic the force of the ftrcam ; ano- wings, or approaching to the fhape of 

Uur advantage. the gcoqittrical figure tci med a rboitt^' 

ftoo Celt found in Forfarfliire. — Cardington Crofs. — Colby. [Mar. 

roads leading ta Bedford, St. Ncots, 
and Cdidington. W. Parslow. 

bold. But noneof thefc everexccedrd 
% inches, or i\ inches, in length. Such 
•re called rif-arrotvs b» ihe counir* 
people uho hnd t^crii. 

I intL^fe vt»u an cxa& drawing (pi. 
Ji.y,Qie\\ -jfthr nrtcfr niP-jnitviH .: »ud 
form of a vtrv re M.^rkablr ftunc, whuh 
was fa-'!v cominun*CRred co me by 
John Guthrie, • fq. of Guthrie, hAving; 
betn found in a ctifc* oo his eftAte in 
the cent Till p;irt of th^s cannty (For- 
fiiirfli're). Ni). i (liew. its >ngth and 
brcad-.ti f ; ^nd No. k hi lene h and 
thickncfs. It i-> an uncommonly-long 
flint. Of peb^wc, of a dulky ftraw c«'- 
lour ilii^htiy blended w th a ligh' blue 
Hiade, i<- conBderably pellucid, and a^i 
h'lrd and fui'ceprible of pnlifti as the 
finefl cotnelinn. The fliarpne(s of its 
•dget and puint, and genera! reguU- 
ritv of i't form, h^ive been att'tintd 
with furortfi-ig pcrfc^on, when the 
remotmefs of the a:r.i of its probitble 
formation, ard ucivvard ineans cm- 
ploved, are confi'fereii. When Rrmly 
faQened to a fhtf', u mud lia^e been 
a vrv ft'imidai'lr tifum. 

You have alio Itrt herewith a fide- 
fketch .N>. 3), and impreni>>n of the 
top (No. 4), taktn fiom a hrgi an- 
ticnt bidis rin^. L w^s fo'ind in Perth 
00 tikin^ down pin of a witil futmng 
the couic or i>ifdrn adjf>iping ro ilie 
antic: t ocra(i(in.l relidcnce of th" 
Scoi: fli court. Tliii was the building 
in w| ct: that m\l^ericu» tranfafi-on of 
the Giiwry conlpiracy w<s ena^^ed. 
The iipg is nea Iv (oro<cd, and his 
been gi.t. 1 fliould he much gr.itifird 
if apv of your i.-geDi««u& (ri^ nds could 
throw li^ht bpv>n the odd-tike- hitio. 
gl^'phick which it trnprciics. Civis. 

Mt. Urban, J^n. 8. ■ 

INCr.OSED 1 fend you a drawing; of 
Cu ^':ii»;ton CroTi, Bedfordflrirc 
(platf ii ), which i^ iriuch ndmired 
for '(9 ctegance. It was vic6)ed in the 
course ph lad jeai ^t the ex pence of 
the l.tie Samuel Whiibrrad, efq. and 
is fi'U.ired in the centre of the three 
— - • .. 

* 1 prcfume, Mr. Uiban, it is unnrcef- 
lary for me io make any comments on 
nirnt «o th?» do€ An!i<iiiari6s who 
ar.' coa!l..n:Iy perufu-.g oreorcnng ymir 
louriul. P«iL)ai:t, Grofc, and other*, 
have wtiuen .md cc rijeAnred nbutulant!/ 
cuncenmiK tlief.: aniieat conical pilea of 

f Jn unr Plate, the figures are reduced to 
exg^^ly inc-lA-f tiie real fize, Kui i • 

Mr. Ukban. Mar. 2. 

^"^HE f..Ilowing letrer i^ fcnt you, 
J^ in the firft plac- a% a Jirerurv cu« 
riolity, and with 'a view alfb of ic- 
quefliiig your ingenious coiiefpondentt 
t<i gire fome infoimatton relative to 
the writer of it, who appears to have 
been a gentleman of fome cnnfcquence 
in the law, and had chambers in 
Gray's inn. li is needlels ro fay that 
llie match with Mr. Robert Sidnev did 
not take pace. His fignaiurc is given 
in plat§ //. and hi^ fc^I ; Azure, a 
chevron engiailed, between three cfca- 
iops wirhin a borr!er en^rdi'ed. 

•' My very good lorde; it may lykeyou 
to he adveitized tliat of late, as wc 1 by 
letires as hy conference with this hcai er, 
my coufm Edward Molineux*, lu.wc ef- 
fc^.ia'.iy yiju I'.iredted r;im to m.ikc men- 
tion unto me from yuur L. for a m:i'c»» in 
mari^ige to be concluded between Mr. 
Ro!)' Siflncy, your fonne, ami my dauphler. 
Wliciiii iis I acknow leUi.e myfrit E'cat- 
lie hehouldiriRc u-in y. nr L. for this fpe- 
ci3lf fjv^ i fo m repari'e uf the good I hc;Me 
of the yfinge gcnilcm.uj, ::nd of his rare 
and fingulcr veicur<.; I wifhe her worthic 
loder^ive as you defi.r, aiiil mylelf of ha- 
bh'.ic to requite y ur L. co irtffif. And 
alheir, to rcj^orte to your f,. w,i!iout vaun- 
tinge, I have had f-mie 1. nijt; .iiu! verie 
ho?ior.ihle profeis for n^v d.iiigmcr of Ki:e, 
yet am 1 fiee fr.>m abfoluic confer. t, ;inj 
(be from promii (:ib Ihc ;:lSrmeth\ The 
lihertic of lykinge J h;.ve h ft ly hcrfelf; 
hoping Ihc will tike my :Hlvice in her 
cUuyce, as one that will l>c more ciircfull 
ft>i h- r wcll-doinge tlieri as ycit (her yearcs 
confidered) ihe cm be for lieifclf. And 
becidufe likuipc cannot growo without in- 
fpcrtuin, yf it pUafrs \our L. Omie enlti- 
vewe m y be ha.k', I ihall i.lfcut iherunta, 
at fucli ttmc and place ..s you Ihall ihink 
mete. In the racane tymc, vf it plcafe 
your L. in >our paHjqc l;> ihc Coune, tt> 
take my pore Inwifo in y^iur way, I iliall 
nccouiue the fame honoured hy your pi e- 
fencei albeit 1 muft p.-ay yciU to accept 
your banic welcome for yom* hcit cr.icr- 
laynment; being furc Liiat my biifiues in 
the te^rme will force niyne ableuLc. ruur, 
with my hunihie dewiie lo your {.. I icAve 
the fame to the tiiicion of 'li* Almni.-.ic. 
SherftL{e\i the vlh of ihi' prcicnt A^Jnill. 
Your L. to comm :n:', Two. Colby /' 
" To the rijiii hui;f)r::ble ..n.I my v- rie 
good lorde, Sir Hc;inc bulucv, kn.-ht 

* Of NwfieU, CO. Surrey, t\^\. 
f A Courtb part of th« m'?ui( r -if Shcr- 
fieid was purchJifcd, in Juuv» lii-., from 



4aU» Sm/..-^*"'^ Staff.=£Mm>e«Uud 



» \ 

xmm\ ■ • 

of the order of tb« Gnrtcr, L. Prt-fi- 
«!cnrof Wil^, and of hU MiAJcilit'« 
previc coiinfell.'* 

Mr. I'rpav, Marth ii. 

THt Iv^l xpL III. /i^. 1.) is.eiF- 
grivcd fio:ii an i'»^.'-fiion io tUe 
hands of William Bots, c q. of Sand- 
wich, w.ho cannot tecotle£l whence he 
had it, I. lit propofcs »t here for expla- 
nation, and ihar Antiquaries rajy de- 
termine whfther it belonj^s tn a rcli- 
giout hou'f on tlie Contm'r.t. or in 
Great Biiidi:i or Ii eland. V/h.u is 
mod remarJuble io the infcription, if 
rot a fmrlc inftincc of the kiiid, is the. 
date 14S4 in Arabic numtrals, D. II. 

?«Tr. U ■ ?. A V , TtJtaxi, July 6. 

IHAVK (tnt vou a (ketch, ^v. a, of 
n piece of ani'quity ia my pi'lTeliioD, 
the ex :6l I'ize of wbich is 11 inches bjr 
II. h is loppt>fed M be what was 
fold at Dr. Bavli^'t falc at EvcfliiiTii 
abo'ji 36 A cars ago, as the top of the 
fl^ffot ofTicc c.U'icd before the abbot 
of iWw place, as It is well remembered 
that fuch a pitce of antiquity was ther« 
l«:!d. At which time alio that abbol's 
chair was dilpofed of (* great cuno- 
fity}- and is now in polTcllioD of Mr. 
Bddle, a njtive of Evefliam, now li- 
ving in L^^ndon; vvho, I am pe'fua- 
f\f^(i, wruld gr4tifv vour many reader* 
with a dra-ving of it if applied to. The 
Rbbct of EveSiaiD had epilcopal jjrif- 
dt£tion over the pariflies in the t-^le ; 
and in niaiiy of ihem, at in the bo- 
rciifih of Kvefhrim, had power 10 build 
pr.^>rs,eredtgibbti$,&c.&c. jtotiyall 
crfufts except tieafon (which privilege 
the borou^jh Itill txticifcs); and was 
extmpt fi'om all autliuiity, both ci»il 
and ccclw'i ifliral, cx:ept that of the 
pf»p«r : , It mav have been picked up 
by Ani.l'Kh'.p Juxon when he re- 
huilt fi» many priris of Lambeth palace, 
iis It \\.'» pu. chafed £L the ;atc Lady 
Fan *i file, about ilirfc y^'iiis aKO» 
v.uuU lirll hufbtnd v.;** Sir Vv. J'lxiii^ 
U.n of S;r VV. JuXiP, who v.;«i U»lt wx- 
rriit :r f-» I't Alt l»hi u-op, v\;i."f vncj ct 
the liiulc, his tl"-n C'i«in:i v-'iljiViice, 

t,:r hi K.-. t- .K- ■>;. J,. ., hy Sii VV.U; .-.i t!cy- 
i.i.ic .....' r-:i. (-■ :■■;> '"i-r^^ ^*" Or./n-M 
J. (ly W.I M.ij, II. 1"'=^ nj.rk'c? of Sir WiiL 
I lev r ck ami M. ■ C Ihy ; h th of whom, ih 
a c u-r<tatcvl •nun litr lumiis in f.icilc Kri- 
t.iiii, 21 Jiint, lOffs ft»e ltyl':s *M.r; In- 
VI ng coofiw." (St'c liuf fii^naiurc in pt. 
W. 8.) ^ir VVilUaiu ihen Ii ved ut Uiciimuud. 

G'cAT. Mag. A/ar^^i 1797* 

Staff. — Conventual Chtrches. 20 1 

about 130 years ago, where thii was 
purchaictf. I: is of Cor.ut!iiin brafs^ 
doub!e>^ilt en both iidcs, is 1: inches 
by 14. and appeals at the foot of the 
crols to have been hr.-ktn off. The 
hitrog!\phic-»l fij.M res at the endi of 
the ciotb .irt inrr-nucd, I think, tore* 
prefent ihfifc dcfcribcd lu Rev. iv. 7. 
and £zck. i. 19"*^. IF »ny of your ni:.^ 
merous and very ingenious Antiqua* 
rian currcfpondciits c;in i>'.ve a mort 
fatisfk^Aory dclcriptioa of it, it will, 
nu doubt, ublij^e your leaders in ge- 
neral f. 

Tht: .:cin and chivt-^r of Lichfield 
hftVC Certainly a "id wikly ; fir0, ia 
covering their cluirch with flAte, and, 
2dly, in intrcducinu pews into it for 
parochial ufc. In tiie general wreqlc 
of conventuKi churches, at ihe diCTcltt* 
tion of monafieries, the lend and bel'i 
were refervcd to the king's ufe in all 
grants; aody if the build ngs were ex- 
ceiifive, were immediately Itripped and 
deonoliihed. Wtiere p4roch>al ufe had 
been made of th«in, they were ihea 
fpared, and cnly the lead and bells ta^* 
ken, unlefs purchafed by the inhabi- 
t<ints. This was the c^ife with the ah« 
bey of Tewkeibury, which now i>04Uf 
fo 6ne a parifli-chuich ; that of 
Evcihain, which was i'upported by 164 
poliflicd marble pil.ais, iicblycaived 
and gill, and ornamented with 9 tow« 
CIS, and furrounded with 16 chapeli, 
h«s 001, that we can tiace, one ftonc 
left upon another. W* A. 

Mr. Urban, £.iVo/«, Jam, 13. 

INCLOSiiI> is 9 drawing (Jig, 5 ; ot 
a gold C9:n o^ £dward III. caiicd 4 
qxarier-JUrim I ', and, I am led to 
th nk, from the account of it in Ra« 
pin's medallic hiflory of this printe^ 
and Pinkertoa'tobfervatioo, that *<the 
onlv o«-e known at prrfcnt (1789) i^ 

^ III - - — - - - - - -^^^^-^ 

* 1 }icy .trc ulwt ;tfe Jic jytwtit of tho 
f-iii' Kxt,i' pcfjhf tlie .fHgel, hoii, hnU, ao4 
rat;!?, iti coimhMi oti It'pulchral mono* 
m- ts. I.oiT. 

f An cpuc.'pal orjftrr cf f»:*3fs gilt,ej6* 
aMIy fimi a;', G\:cp th.t the h^mc lUaf- 
wantinj:, itiuughi.kc Uw!3> t\;i tiy.iiig it-on 
rc'.n^ii.cil, fouud Unne v^ a.'& hef.jru iii tho 
f ouf of ;u-i (>lu honic hcU;nt^ing (0 S>r lisrrjf 
PicKi.11115, of Whad.if n, co dmlriJiie, 
was I'l \u- p:.lJeiiioii nt L«*n!0\; id i;3>f 
a id III Mut of Ja^. WeJ*, euj. 1.5 . D. ii. 

J This coin rejemblis ilio ci'C wl.ich 
Mr. Folkcs calls **;i qu.'.ricr noble /' and 
has the fame legend, AXALTASiiua in 

«LOaiA. £»17« 

ADZ Htftorical Iruth wokud in '< WilHam and Ellen."* [Mar. 

in Dr. Hunter't cabinet/* rhtt it it ooe whoOe name is not handed down to 

a very cur ous ^oin, and (woitViv your us^ tlie mber a youth of ambblc cha- 

nnticein vhe Gentlemxn't Mi{atine*, rtAer, by name Adam Fleming, pref- 

as tbi feeomd jit difc%vtrid. It wat fed their Aiit with equal eagerncft, 

found in a garden at Lincoln very and, for a time, with equal fuccefs. 

lately, and weighs, in its prefeht fiote At length the Ttrtues of youn^ Flem* 

(the rim beiag fomewbat mutilsited)^ ine prevatled, and Vis rival was finally 

about 35 grains. dilmilTed. J^aloui at this preference. 

It muft have been a mr(l beautiful and provoked bevond meafure at his 
piece of money, bcin^ of ihe hne(l ill fr^rtuoe, the dirppointed man wait- 
gold, and of cxccedini^Iy good work- el with gloomy anxiety for the day of 
manfliip. 1 am afraid my drawing of revenge. That day came unfortu- 
it will not convey fo favourable an naiely too foon. Having traced the 
idea of its prefcivation as ii really the Iciveis from their home to one of the 
cafe, beinfr pcrfe^l, excepting that the romantic feats already defcribed near 
rim has fuflfered. H. B. the banks of the rivulet, where they 
_,,,-■-— were fitting, and difcourling of their 

Mr. Urban, « Marth i. approaching marriage, the rufHan re» 

AMONG the publications noticed turned to his houfe, deliberately load- 
in your Review for 1796. the ar- ed his carbine, and took his (Nation 
gument of a poem called ** Wdliam among feme dwarf-trees which ^re>v 
and Ellen," p. ■•34. ftrudk me as de- on the other fide of the ftream. When 
roandini; fome notice, on account of be thoueht be had a convenient oppor- 
the glaring deviations from hiftorital tunity, he levelled his aim at his fuc* 
truth with refpc£l to the fubjeA to ctfsful rival ; but the faithful £ len, 
which it refers. As I am well ac- who perceived his murderous defi^n, 
quainted with the fpot where the tran- and was refolved to prevent it, had 
fa£lioD alluded to took place, and have time to caft herfelf before her lover ; 
frequently vifited the fcenc of Ellen's and having receired the contents of the 
death, and made pilgrimages to her carbine in her own breaft, (he inOanily 
tomb, it falls wkhin my power to fet expired. Words cannot paint the 
the young author right at to feveral amazement, the horrour, and defpair, 
material i%Si% which he has fo groflly of the «vretched Adam Fleming. In- 
mif-flated. flantly» however, he purfued the af- 

The ruins of Kirkconnel chapel, in fadrn, who vainly hoped to efcape by 

Dumfiiesihire, (land near the banks flight, aadi havine uken from him a 

of the little river Kirtle, a beautiful life too juflly foruiied, he left Scot- 

l\ream, with wild hanging flirubs over land, and fetved with diftindion in 

it, and large natural blocks of marble the Portuguefe wars. The remainder 

on its Bdes, which take ao excellent of the ftory carries with it an air of 

poltfli, and which, intermingled with fiction ; but there is the mod unquef* 

the (h rubs, prefent, in their rude ft«te, cionable evidence of its truth. Flern^ 

luftic feats and bowers of exqutite iog, having dillinguiihed himftlf io 

beauty and fragrance. It was here his military career, returned, covered 

that the tragedy happened which has with glory, to the banks of his natr'e 

given rife to feveral of the artlcfs, but ftream. Immediately on bis arrival, 

affecting, conipofitions of the Scottifli be repaired to the tomb of his faithful 

poets. miflrefs, c^il himfelf upon it, and died. 

In the reign of the loi.-elv, but un- He lies buried befide her. The 

fonunace, Nlary, there lived near this ftone which covers him ("f/. Hi fig 4.) 

enchanting fpot a young maid named bason it engraved his fword and a piU 

Ellen Iivine; who, though a vaflal to grim's crofs, with an infcription near- 

the l^icd of Kirkconnel, was herfelf ly defaced, but where it is dill polfible 

hei^efs to a very confiderable fortune, to read. 

This circumftance, and her beauty, hic JACET ad am FLEMING. 

ior which (he was fo highly celebrated From this detail (the auihenticity of 

as to be c^l'cd by way of diftinflion which can be ellabliflud by the tefii- 

Tbi Fair ElliMf procured hernumerous mony of original papers m the pof- 

admireis. Two of thefe in particular! feflicn of Sir William Maxwell, bait. 

* This will at Icaft give our medAl-col- of Springkcll. near Annan, on w-hofa 

Irflors an opportuniiy of ciUbliihiiis its cilate the rains of Kukconnel church 

itegice of raricy. H, B. arc fuuate) it appears, 

5 I. That 

, ygy ,] « William and Ellen/'— S/fl^'/ i/^rir.— Roman Oins. 203 

1. That EUen was not the (imu%bttr 
of Che Scottiih cbiefnin, but his v^fliil. 

2. That the name of her lover wat 
net William, but Adam. 

3. That the father of Ellen did not 
atttmpt to influence her affc Aliens. 

4. That Irving (or Irvine) wai tKIe 
ntfne of ihe m^rtfi, and not the r'tvaU 
of Adam Fleming. 

«• That the elopement of the lovers, 
and il)e fciiure of Fleming, the' at- 
tempt to iell bim for a fla*c,the ftorm, 
the ihipwreck, are all fabulous. 

4. That the myrderous weapon wat 
not an arrow, but a carbine, 

7. Thn William (Adam) avenged 
himfeU on the fpoi, and did not " pur- 
fuc his r.vai through Britain, Lapland, 
%nd RuiFiai'* and did not «• inxet and 
grafpbis fomllir' inTartary. 

The narrative of the lotcr's death 
coipcs nearer to the truth of. hiflory 
than the reft of the poem; but fbc 
fa^s hemfelvei arc in their nature fo 
fai! of lovely fimplicity, that it is with 
regret we Ice tl.em mixed with impro- 
bable and uoinlereltiog romance. 1 
am rc%dy to admit, and fometi nes ap- 
prove, poetical licence; but I conceive 
ihe ixtraneous circumlUiices, invented 
by the ballad* writer in ^ueftioa, fatal 
to the tuccefs of his poem. 

1 have already mentioned, Mr. U - 
ban, that the flory of Adam F.emmg 
and Elleu Irvine has given rife tofome 
of the moll beautitul effufion* of the 
Scotilh Mufe. One of them, if I do 
not trefpafs too long on yoar patience, 
I (hall iubjom to this memoir. The 
fpeaJ^er is Adam Fleming. Mr. Rit- 
Ion has judicioufly given it a place in 
hn colle<nii)n of Scotilh tragic Billads, 
but gives it without any account of its 
author, or the occafion on which it 
was coropoled. I hope 1 do not pay 
an ill compliment to its fuperior met it 
by contrafting it with the •• n^eaner 
beauties" oi modern compofition. 
^< i wiih I were where Ellen lies t 
Night and day on me Ihe cries 

To bear her company. 
O I wihjU that in her darkfome bed 
My wtary frame to reft were laid,