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vVmTE's Ltrammar School I exts 






JOHN T. WHITE, O.D. Oxon. 





All rights^ f^ei^rvtm 





FOR some long time past it has been widely felt 
that a reduction in the cost of Classical Works 
used in schools generally, and more especially in 
those intended for boys of the middle classes, is 
at once desirable and not difficult of accomplish- 
ment. For the most part only portions of authors 
are read in the earlier stages of education, and a 
pupil is taken from one work to another in each 
successive half-year or term; so that a book 
needlessly large and proportionably expensive is 
laid aside after a short and but partial use. 

In order, therefore, to meet what is certainly a 
want, Portions of the Classical Writers usually 
read in Schools are now being issued under the 
title of Grammar School Texts ; while, at the 
request of various Masters, it has been determined 
to add to the series some portions of the Greek 

Each Text is provided with a Vocabulary of 
the words occurring in it. In every instance — with 
the exception of Eutropius and -^sop — the origin 
of a word, when known, is stated at the commence- 
ment of the article treating of it, if connected with 


another Latin, or Greek word ; at the end of it, if 
derived from any other source. Further still, the 
primary or etymological meaning is always given, 
within inverted commas, in Roman type, and so 
much also of each word^s history as is needful to 
bring down its chain of meanings to the especial 
force, or forces, attaching to it in the particular 
" Text." In the Vocabularies, however, to Eutropius 
and iEsop — ^which are essentially books for be- 
ginners — ^the origin is given of those words alone 
which are formed from other Latin or Greek words 

Moreover, as an acquaintance with the principles 
of Grammar, as well as with Etymology, is 
necessary to the understanding of a language, such 
points of construction as seem to require elucida- 
tion are concisely explained under the proper 
articles, or a reference is simply made to that rule 
in the Public Schools Latin Primer, or in Parrys 
Elementary Greek Grammar^ which meets the 
particular difficulty. It occasionally happens, how- 
ever, that more information is needed than can be 
gathered from the above-named works. When 
«uch is the case, whatever is requisite is supplied, 
in substance, from Jelf^s Greek Grammar, Winer*s 
Grammar of New Testament Greek^ or the Latin 
Grammars ofZumpt and Madvig 

LONDON : Jan, 1878. 




Prologus .... 

• • 


Lupus ET Agnus 

• • 


RANiG Regem pbtbntbs 

■ • 


Graculus superbus 



Canis per Fluvium Carnem pbrbns 


Vacca, Capella, Ovis, bt 

Leo . 


Ran^ et Sol . 

• • 


VuLPES et Psrsona tragica 


Lupus ET Grus 


Passer et Lepus . 



SlMIO . 


AsiNus ET Leo vbnantbs 


Cervus ad Fontbm 










£x SuTORE Medicus 





Ovis, Cervus, et Lupus 


Ovis, Canis, et Lupus . 




Canis parturiens . 

« , 


Canes pamelici 


Leo senex et Asinus 




Canis fidelis . 


Rana rupta et Bos 


Canis et Corcodilus 
























XXIX. Canis et Thesaurus et Vulturius . . .15 

XXX. Vulpes et Aquila 15 


XXXII. RANiB metuentes Taurorum Prcelia . . 16 


Prologus . . . i8 


II. Anus diligens Juvenem, item Puella . . 19 


IV. Aquila, Felis, et Aper 20 

V. CiGSAR AD GRiECULUM . . . . . . 21 


VII. AquILA, CoRNIX, ET TbSTUDO . . . .22 

VIII. MULI ET Latrones ...... 23 

IX Cervus et Boves 23 

Epilogus 24 





iEsOPUS auctor quam materiam repperit, 
Hanc ego polivi versibus senariis. 
Duplex libelli dos est ; qu6d risum movet, 
£t qu6d prudenti vitam consilio monet. 
Calumniari si quis autem voluerit, 
Qu6d arbores loquantur, non tantum ferae, 
Fictis jocari nos meminerit fabulis. 



Ad rivum eundem lupus et agnus venerant, 
Siti compulsi. Superior stabat lupus, 
Long^que inferior agnus. Tunc fauce improba 
Latro incitatus jurgii causam intulit. 
" Cur," inquit, " turbulentam mihi fecisti aquam 
Istam bibenti ? " Laniger contrJi timens, 


" Qui possum, quseso, facere, quod quereris, lupe ? 
A te decurrit ad meos haustus liquor." 
Repulsus ille veritatis viribus, 9 

" Ante hos sex menses mal^/' ait, " dixisti mihi." 
Respondit agnus, " Equidem natus non eram." 
^^ Pater, hercul^, tuus,*' inquit, " maledixit mihi." 
Atque ita correptum lacerat injusta nece. 

Haec propter illos scripta est homines fabula, 
Qui fictis causis innocentes opprimunt. 1 5 



Athenae quum florerent aequis legibus, 
Procax libertas civitatem miscuit, 
Frenumque solvit pristinum licentia. 
Hinc, conspiratis factionum partibus, 
Arcem tyrannus occupat Pisistratus. 5 

Quum tristem servitutem flerent Attici — 
Non quia crudelis ille, sed quoniam grave 
Omne insuetis onus — et ccepissent queri, 
iEsopus talem tum fabellam retulit. 

Ranae, vagantes liberis paludibus, 10 

Clamore magno regem peti^re a Jove, 
Qui dissolutos mores vi compesceret. 
Pater deorum risit, atque illis dedit 
Parvum tigillum : missum quod subit6 vadis 
Motu sonoque temiit pavidum genus. 15 

Hoc mersum limo quum jaceret diutius, 
Forte una tacit^ profert e stagno caput, 


Et, explorato rege, cunctas evocat. 
Illae, timore posito, certatim adnatant, 
Lignumque supra turba petulans insilit. 20 

Ouod quum inquin^ssent omni contumelia, 
Alium rogantes regem mis^re ad Jovem, 
Inutilis quoniam esset, qui fuerat datus. 
Tum misit illis hydrum, qui dente aspero 
Corripere coepit singulas. Frustrk necem 25 

Fugitant inertes ; vocem praecludit metus. 
Furtim igitur dant Mercurio mandata ad Jovem, 
Afflictis ut succurrat. Tunc contrk deus, 
" Quia noluistis vestrum ferre,'" inquit, " bonum, 
Malum perferte." " Vos quoque, o cives," ait, 30 
" Hoc sustinete, majus ne veniat malum." 



Ne gloriari libeat alienis bonis, 
Suoque potiiis habitu vitam degere, 
^sopus nobis hoc exemplum prodidit. 

Tumens inani graculus superbia, 
Pennas, pavoni quae deciderant, sustulit, 5 

Seque exomavit : deinde contemnens suos 
Formoso se pavonum immiscuit gregi. 
Illi impudenti pennas eripiunt avi, 
Fugantque rostris. Mal^ mulcatus graculus 
Redire ma^rens coepit ad proprium genus : 10 

A quo repulsus tristem sustinuit notam. 
Tum quidam ex illis^ quos prius despexerat, 

B 2 


^^ Contentus nostris si fuisses sedibus, 

Et, quod natura dederat, voluisses pati, 

Nec illam expertus esses contumeliam, 

Nec hanc repulsam tua sentiret calamitas." i6 



Amittit merit6 proprium, qui alienum appetit. 

Canis, per flumen camem dum ferret natans, 
Lympharum in speculo vidit simulacrum suum, 
Aliamque praedam ab alio ferri putans, 
Eripere voluit : veriim decepta aviditas : 5 

Et, quem tenebat, ore demisit cibum, 
Nec, quem petebat, adeb potuit attingere. 7 




Nunquam est fidelis cum potente societas : 
Testatur haec fabella propositum meum. 

Vacca, et capella, et patiens ovis injuriae, 
Socii fu6re cum leone in saltibus. 
Hi quum cepissent cervum vasti corporis, 5 

Sic est loquutus, partibus factis, leo : 
" Ego primam toUo, nominor quia leo ; 
Secundam, quia sum fortis, tribuetis mihi ; 
Tum, quia pliis valeo, me sequetur tertia ; 
Malo afficietur, si quis quartam tetigerit." 
Sic totam praedam sola improbitas abstulit. 1 1 




Vicini furis celebres vidit nuptias 
/Esopus et continuo narrare incipit : 

Uxorem quondam Sol quum vellet ducere, 
Clamorem ranae sustulere ad sidera. 
Convicio permotus quaerit Jupiter 5 

Causam querelae. Qusedam tum stagni incola : 
** Nunc," inquit, "omnes unus exurit lactis, 
Cogitque miseras arida sede emori. 
Quidnam futurum est, si creftrit liberos ?" 9 



Personam tragicam forte vulpes viderat. 
** O quanta species ! " inquit ; " cerebrum non 
habet !" 

Hoc illis dictum est, quibus honorem et gloriam 
Fortuna tribuit, sensum communem abstulit. 4 



Qui pretium meriti ab improbis desiderat, 
Bis pcccat : primum quoniam indignos adjuvat, 
Impun^ abire deinde quia jam non potest. 

Os devoratum fauce quum haereret lupi, 
Jklagno dolore victus coepit singulos 5 

IUicere pretio, ut illud extraherent malum. 
Tandem persuasa est jurejurando gruis ; 


Gulaeque credens colli longitudinem, 

Periculosam fecit medicinam lupo. 

Pro quo quum pactum flagitaret praemium, 

" Ingrata es,'' inquit, " ore quae nostro caput 

Incolume abstuleris, et mercedem postules." 12 



Sibi non cavere et aliis consilium dare 
Stultum esse paucis ostendamus versibus. 

Oppressum ab aquila et fletus edentem graves 
Leporem objurgabat passer : " Ubi pemicitas 
Nota, inquit, illa est ? Quid ita cessirunt pedes ?" 
Dum loquitur, ipsum accipiter necopinum rapit, 6 
Questuque vano clamitantem interficit. 
Lepus semianimus : " Mortis en solatium ! 
Qui modo securus nostra irridebas mala, 
Simili querela fata deploras tua.'' 10 



Quicumque turpi fraude semel innotuit, 
Etiamsi verum dicit, amittit fidem. 
Hoc attestatur brevis ^Esopi fabula. 

Lupus arguebat vulpem furti crimine : 
Negabat illa se esse culpas proximam. S 

Tunc judex inter illos sedit simius. 
Uterque causam quum perorissent suam, 
Dixisse fertur simius sententiam ; 


" Tu non videris perdidisse, quod petis ; 

Te credo surripuisse, quod pulchr^ negas." lo 



Virtutis expers, verbis jactans gloriam, 
Ignotos fallit, notis est derisui. 

Venari, asello comite, quum vellet leo, 
Contexit illum frutice, et admonuit simul, 
Ut insueta voce terreret feras, 5 

Fugientes ipse exciperet. Hlc auritulus 
Clamorem subit6 totis tollit virjbus, 
Novoque turbat bestias miraculo. 
Quae dum paventes exitus ndtos petunt, 
Leonis affliguntur horrendo impetu. 10 

Qui postqukm csede fessus est, asinum evocat, 
Jubetque vocem premere. Tunc ille insolens, 
" Qualis videtur opera tibi vocis meae ? " 
'* Insignis," inquit ; ^' sic, ut, nisi nossem tuum 
Animum genusque, simili fugissem metu." 15 



Laudatis utiliora, quai contempseris, 
Sa^pe inveniri, haec exserit narratio. 

Ad fontem cervus, quum bibisset, restitit, 
Kt in liquore vidit effigiem suani. 
Ibi dum ramosa mirans laudat cornua, 5 

Crurumque nimiam tenuitatcm vituperat, 


Venantum subito vocibus conterritus, 

Per campum fugere coepit, et cursu levi 

Canes elusit. Silva tum excepit ferum : 

In qua retentis impeditus cornibus, lo 

Lacerari coepit morsibus saevis canum. 

Tunc moriens vocem hanc edidisse dicitur : 

" O me infelicem ! qui nunc demum intelligo, 

Utilia mihi qukm fuerint, quae despexeram, 

Et, quse lauddram, quantum luctus habuerint" 15 



Qui se laudari gaudent verbis subdolis, 
Sera dant poenas turpes poenitentia. 

Quum de fenestra corvus raptum caseum 
Comdsse vellet, celsa residens arbore, 
Hunc vidit vulpes ; deinde sic coepit loqui : 5 

" O qui tuarum, corve, pennanim est nitor ! 
Quantum decoris corpore et vultu geris ! 
Si vocem haberes, nuUa prior ales foret." 
At ille stultus, dum vult vocem ostendere, 
Amisit ore caseum, quenv celeriter 10 

Dolosa vulpes avidis rapuit dentibus. 
Tum demum ingemuit corvi deceptus stupor. 

Hic re probatur, ingenium quantum valet, 
Virtute et semper prsevalet sapientia. 14 



Pereunt, auxilium qui suis dant hostibus. 
Facta securi, quidam ab arboribus petit. 


E ligno firmo ut sibi manubrium darent. 

Homini jusserunt omnes oleastrum dari. 

Accepit munus, aptata et manubrio 5 

Bipenni coepit magna excidere robora. 

Hic dum, quas vellet, eligebat, fraxino 

Dixisse fertur quercus : " Merito caedimur.'* 8 



Ad urnam comix sitiens semiplenam aquae 
Accessit, atque conata est evertere. 
Sed quum videret stare fortem, calculos 
In urnam misit, quorum multitudine 
Aqua est porrecta sursum, et satiavit sitim. 5 

Hac re probatur quantum ingenium poUeat ; 
Virtute semper prsevalet sapientia. 7 



Malus quum sutor, inopia deperditus, 
Medicinam ignoto facere coepisset loco, 
Et venditaret falso antidotum nomine, 
Verbosis acquisivit sibi famam strophis. 

Hic quum jaceret morbo confectus gravi 5 

Rex urbis, ejus experiendi gratia 
Scyphum poposcit ; fusa, dein simulans, aqua, 
Antidoto miscere illius se toxicum, 
Hoc bibere jussit ipsum, posito prxmio. 
Timore mortis ille tum confessus est, xo 

Non artis ulla medicae se prudentia, 

10 PHjEDRI fabularum 

Verum stupore vulgi, factum nobilem. 

Rex, advocata concione, haec edidit : 

" Quantae putatis esse vos dementise, 

Qui capita vestra non dubitatis credere, 15 

Cui calceandos nemo commisit pedes ? " 

Hoc pertinere ver^ ad illos dixerim, 
Quorum stultitia quaestus impudentiae est. 18 



In principatu commutando civium 
Nil praster domini nomen mutant pauperes. 
Id esse verum parva haec fabella indicat. 

Asellum in prato timidus pascebat senex. 
Is, hostium clamore subito territus, 5 

Suadebat asino fugere, ne possent capi. 
At ille lentus, " Quaeso, num binas mihi 
Clitellas impositurum victorem putas ? " 
Senex negavit. " Ergo quid refert mea 
Cui serviam, clitellas dum portem meas ? " 10 



Fraudator homines quum advocat sponsum im- 
Non rem expedire, sed mala vitare, expedit. 

Ovem rogabat cervus modium tritici 
Lupo sponsore. At illa praemetuens dolum : 
" Rapere atque abire semper assuevit lupus, 5 


Tu de conspectu fugere veloci impetu ; 

Ubi vos requiram, quum dies advenerit ? " 7 



Solent mendaces luere poenas malefici. 

Calumniator ab ove quum peteret canis, 
Ouem commodisse panem se contenderet, 
Lupus, citatus testis, non unum mod6 
Deberi dixit, verum affirmavit decem. 5 

Ovis, damnata falso testimonio, 
Quod non debebat, solvit. Post paucos dies 
Bidens jacentem in fovea prospexit lupum : 
" HaeC," inquit, " merces fraudis a superis datur." 9 





Habent insidias hominis blanditiae mali ; 
Quas ut vitemus, versus subjecti monent. 


Canis parturiens quum rogasset alteram, 
Ut fetum in ejus tugurio deponeret, 
Facil^ impetravit : deinde reposcenti locum 5 

Preces admovit, tempus exorans breve, 
Dum firmiores catulos posset ducere. 
Hoc quoque consumpto, flagitare validius 
Cubile coepit. " Si mihi et turbae meae 
Par," inquit, "esse potueris. cedam loco.'* 10 



Stultum consilium non modo effectu caret, 
Sed ad perniciem quoque mortales devocat. 

Corium depressum in fluvio viderunt canes. 
Id ut com^sse extractum possent facilius, 
Aquam ccepere ebibere : sed rupti priiis 5 

Periere, qukm quod petierant contingerent. 



Quicumquc amisit dignitatem pristinam, 
Ignavis etiam jocus est in casu gravi. 

Defectus annis et desertus viribus 
Leo quum jaceret, spiritum extremum trahens, 
Aper fulmineis ad eum venit dentibus, 5 

Et vindicavit ictu veterem injuriam. 
Infestis taurus mox confodit cornibus 
Hostile corpus. Asinus, ut vidit ferum 
Impune Isedi, calcibus frontem exterit. 


At ille exspirans, " Fortes indign^ tuli lo 

Mihi insultare : te, naturse dedecus, 

Qu6d ferre cogor, cert^ bis videor mori." 12 



Mustela ab homine prensa,quum instantem necem 
EfFugere vellet, " Quseso," inquit, " parcas mihi, 
Quaj tibi molestis muribus purgo domum." 
Respondit ille, " Faceres si causa mea, 
Gratum esset, et dedissem veniam supplici. 5 

Nunc quia laboras, et fruaris reliquiis, 
Quas sunt rosuri, simul et ipsos devores, 
Noli imputare vanum beneficium mihi." 
Atque ita loquutus, improbam leto dedit. 

Hoc in se dictum debent illi agnoscere, 10 

Quorum privata servit utilitas sibi, 
Et meritum inane jactant imprudentibus. 12 



Repente liberalis stultis gratus est 
Verum pcritis irritos tendit dolos. 

Nocturnus quum fur panem misisset cani, 
Objecto tentans ah cibo posset capi : 
" Heus," inquit, "linguam vis meam praecludere, 5 
Nc latrem pro re domini ? Multum falleris. 
Namque ista subita me jubet benignitas 
Vigilare, facias ne mea culpa luci*um." 8 

14 PHAlDRI fabularum 



Inops, potenteni dum vult imitari, perit. 

In prato quondam rana conspexit bovem, 
Et, tacta invidia tantse magnitudinis, 
Rugosam inflavit pellem : tum natos suos 
Interrogavit, an bove esset latior. 5 

Illi negarunt. Rursus intendit cutem 
Majore nisu, et simili qusesivit modo, 
Quis major esset. Illi dixerunt bovem. 
Novissim^ indignata, dum vult validius 
Inflare sese, rupto jacuit corpore. 10 



Consilia qui dant prava cautis hominibus, 
Et perdunt operam, et deridentur turpiter. 

Canes currentes bibere in Nilo flumine, 
A corcodilis ne rapiantur, traditum est. 
Igitur quum currens bibere ccepisset canis, 5 

Sic corcodilus, " Quamlibet lambe otio ; 
Accede, pota lenit6r, et noli dolos,'' 
Inquit, " vereri." At ille, " Facerem mehercul^, 
Nisi esse scirem carnis te cupidum meae." 9 



Nulli nocendum ; si quis vero Iseserit, 
Multandum simili jure fabella admonet. 

LIBER I. 15 

Vulpes ad coenam dicitur ciconiam 
Prior invitasse, et.illi in patina liquidam 
Posuisse sorbitioncm, quam nullo modo 5 

Gustare esuriens potuerit ciconia. 
Quae vulpem quum revocasset, intrito cibo 
Plenam lagenam posuit : huic rostrum inscrcns 
Satiatur ipsa, torquet convivam fame. 
Quae quum lagenae frustra coUum lamberet, 10 

Pereginam sic loquutam volucrem accepimus •: 
" Sua quisque exempla debet aequo animo pati.*' 1 2 



Haec res avaris esse conveniens potest, 
Et, qui humiles nati, dici locupletes student. 

Humana effodiens ossa thesaurum canis 
Invenit ; et, violirat quia Manes deos, 
Injecta est illi divitiarum cupiditas, 5 

Poenas ut sanctae religioni penderet. 
Itaque aurum dum custodit, oblitus cibi 
Fame est consumptus ; quem stans vulturius supcr 
Fertur loquutus : " O canis, merito jaces, 
Qui concupisti subito regales opes, 
Trivio conceptus et educatus stercore." 1 1 



Quamvis sublimes debent humiles metuere, 
Vindicta docili quia patet sollertiae. 


Vulpinos catulos aquila quondam sustulit, 
Nidoque posuit pullis, escam ut carperent, 
Hjmc persequuta mater orare incipit, 5 

Ne tantum miserae luctum importaret sibi, 
Contempsit illa, tuta quippe ipso loco. 
Vulpes ab ara rapuit ardentem facem, 
Totamque flammis arborem circumdedit, 
Hosti dolorem damno miscens sanguinis. ic 

Aquila, ut periclo mortis eriperet suos, 
Incolumes natos supplex vulpi tradidit. 12 


« «> « 




Humiles laborant, ubi potentes dissident. 
Rana in palude, pugnam taurorum intuens, 



" Heu, quanta nobis instat pemicies ! " ait 

Interrogata ab alia, cur hoc diceret, 

De principatu quum decertarent gregis, 5 

Long^que ab illis degerent vitam boves : 

" Est statio separata, ac diversum genus ; 

Sed, pulsus regno nemoris, qui profugerit, 

Paludis in secreta veniet latibula. 

Et proculcatas obteret duro pede. 

Caput ita ad nostrum furor illorum pertinet" 1 1 



Qui se committit homini tutandum improbo, 
Auxilia dum requirit, exitium invenit 

Columbae saepe quum fugissent milvium, 
Et celeritate pennae vitassent necem, 
Consilium raptor vertit ad fallaciam, 5 

Et genus inemie tali decepit dolo : 
" Quare soUicitum potius aevum ducitis, 
Qukm regem me creatis icto fcedere, 
Qui vos ab omni tutas praestem injuria ? " 
Illae credentes tradunt sese milvio, 10 

Qui, regnum adeptus, coepit vesci singulas, 
Et exercere imperium saevis unguibus. 
De reliqiiis tunc una, " Merito plectimur." 




Exemplis continetur JEso^i genus ; 

Nec aliud quidquam per fabellas quaeritur, 

Qukm corrigatur error ut mortalium, 

Acuatque sese diligens industria. 

Quicumque fuerit ergo narranti jocus, 5 

Dum capiat aurem, et servet propositum suum, 

Re commendatur, non auctoris nomine. 

Equidem omni cura morem servabo senis ; 

Sed si libuerit aliquid interponere, 

Dictorum sensus ut delectet varietas, 10 

Bonas in partes, lector, accipias velim. 

Sic istam tibi rependet brevitas gratiam : 

Cujus verbosa ne sit commendatio, 

Attende cur negare cupidis debeas, 

Modestis etiam ofTerre, quod non petierint. 15 



Super juvencum stabat dejectum leo : 
Praedator intervenit, partem postulans ; 
" Darem," inquit, " nisi soleres per te sumere : " 
Et improbum rejecit. Forte innoxius 
Viator est deductus in eundem locum, 5 

Feroque viso retulit retro pedem. 
Cui placidus ille, " Non est quod timeas," ait ; 


" Et, quae debetur pars tuae modestiae, 

Audacter tolle." Tunc, diviso tergore, 

Silvas petivit, homini ut accessum daret. 10 

Exemplum egregium prorsus et laudabile ; 
Verum est aviditas dives, et pauper pudor. 12 



A feminis utcumque spoliari viros, 
Ament, amentur, nempe exemplis discimus. 

iEtatis mediae quemdam mulier non rudis 
* Tenebat annos celans elegantia, 
Animosque ejusdem pulchra juvenis ceperat. 5 

Ambae, videri dum volunt illi pares, 
Capillos honxini legere coepere invicem. 
Qui se putaret fingi cura mulierum, 
Calvus repente factus est ; nam funditus 
Canos puella, nigros anus, evellerat. 10 



Laceratus quidam morsu vehementis canis, 
Tinctum cruore panem misit malefico ; 
Audierat esse quod remedium vulneris. 
Tunc sic iEsopus : " Noli coram pluribus 
Hoc facere canibus, ne nos vivos devorent, 5 

Quum scierint esse tale culpae praemium.^' 

Successus improborum plures allicit. 

C 2 




Aquila in sublimi quercu nidum fecerat : 
Felis, cavemam nacta in media, pepererat : 
Sus nemoricultrix fetum ad imam posuerat 
Tum fortuitum felis contubemium 
Fraude et scelesta sic evertit malitia. 5 

Ad nidum scandit volucris : " Pernicies," ait, 
*' Tibi paratur, forsan et miserae mihi. 
Nam fodere terram quod vides quotidi^ 
Aprum insidiosum, quercum vult evertere, 
Ut nostram in plano facil^ progeniem opprimat," lo 
Terrore offuso et perturbatis sensibus, 
Derepit ad cubile setosae suis : 
" Magno," inquit, " in periclo sunt nati tui. 

Nam simul exieris pastum cum tenero grege, 
Aquila est parata rapere porcellos tibi." 15 

Hunc quoque timore postquam complevit locum, 

Dolosa tuto condidit sese cavo. 

Inde evagata noctu suspenso pede, 

Ubi esca se replevit et prolem suam, 

Pavorem simulans, prospicit toto die. .'^0 

Ruinam metuens aquila ramis desidet : 

Aper, rapinam vitans, non prodit foras. 

Quid multa } Inedia sunt consumpti cum suis, 

Felisque catulis largam prxbuerunt dapem. 
Quantum homo bilinguis saepe concinnet mali, 

Documentum habere stulta credulitas potest. 26 




Rhodi Tiberius Nero, captus insulce 
Salubritate, quum tribunus viveret, 
Non raro, ut Musis ipse deditus, in scholis 
Sophos audivit atque oHicia mutuo 
Ex aequo prope cum plurimis exercuit. 5 

Ibi Diogenes, grammaticus pernobilis, 
Quibusque solitus disputare sabbatis, 
Venientem quondam, ut se docentem extra ordinem 
Audiret, non admisit, ac per servulum 
In septimum superbus distulit diem. 10 

Salutaturus hic ut venit postea 
Romam, pro foribus adstantem nihil amplius 
Admonuit Caesar, qukm post annum septimum 
Ad se salutandum ut veUet revertier. 

Nil Graeculorum fastu est impudentius.] 15 



Est ardelionum qusedam Romse natio, 
Trepid^ concursans, occupata in otio, 
Gratis anhelans, multa agendo nihil agens,' 
Sibi molesta, et aliis odiosissima. 
Hanc emendare, si tamen possum, volo 5 

Vera fabella : pretium est operae attendere. 

Caesar Tiberius quum, petens Neapolim, 
In Misenensem villam venisset suam, 

22 PHjEDRI fabularum 

Quae, monte summo posita Luculli manu, 

Prospectat Siculum et prospicit Tuscum mare ; lo 

Ex alticinctis unus atriensibus, 

Cui tunica ab humeris linteo Pelusio 

Erat destricta, cirris dependentibus, 

Perambulante laeta domino viridia, 

Alveolo coepit ligneo conspergere 1 5 

Humum aestuantem, jactans officio comam : 

Sed deridetur. Inde notis flexibus 

Praecurrit alium in xystum, sedans pulverem. 

Agnoscit hominem Caesar, remque intelligit. 

" Heus/' inquit dominus. IUe enimvero assilit, 20 

Donationis alacer certae gaudio. 

Tum sic jocata est tanti majestas ducis ; 

" Non multum egisti, et opera nequiquam perit : 

Multo majoris alapae mecum veneunt.'' 24 



Contra potentes nemo est munitus satis ; 
Si ver6 accessit consiliator maleficus, 
Vis et nequitia quidquid oppugnant, ruit. 

Aquila in sublime sustulit testudinem. 
Quae quum abdidisset comea corpus domo, 5 

Nec ullo pacto laedi posset condita, 
Venit per auras cornix, et propter volans : 
*• Opimam san^ praedam rapuisti unguibus ; 
Sed, nisi monstr^ro quid sit faciendum tibi, 
Gravi nequiquam te lassabis pondere." 10 

Promissa parte, suadet ut scopulum super 


Altis ab astris duram illidat corticem : 

Qua comminuta facil^ vescatur cibo. 

Inducta verbis aquila monitis paruit, 

Simul et magistrae larg^ divisit dapem. 1 5 

Sic tuta quae naturae fuerat munere, 

Impar duabus, occidit tristi nece. 1 7 



Muli gravati sarcinis ibant duo : 
Unus ferebat fiscos cum pecunia, 
Alter tumentes multo saccos hordeo. 
IUe onere dives, celsa cervice eminens, 
Clarumque collo jactans tintinnabulum ; 5 

Comes quieto sequitur et placido gradu. 
Subitb latrones ex insidiis advolant, 
Interque caedem ferro mulum trusitant. 
Diripiunt nummos, negligunt vile hordeum. 
Spoliatus igitur casus quum fleret suos, 10 

" Equidem," inquit alter, <^me contemptum gaudeo ; 
Nam nihil amisi, nec sum laesus vulnere." 

Hoc argumento tuta est hominum tenuitas, 
Magnae periclo sunt opes obnoxiae. 14 



Cervus, nemorosis excitatus latibulis, 
Ut venatorum fugeret instantem necem, 
Caeco timore proximam villam petit, 


Et opportuno se bubili condidit. 

Hic bos latenti : " Quidnam voluisti tibi, 5 

Infelix, ultro qui ad necem cucurreris, 

Hominumque tecto spiritum commiseris ? " 

At ille supplex, " Vos mod6," inquit, " parcite ; 

Occasione rursus erumpam data." 

Spatium diei noctis excipiunt vices. lo 

Frondem bubulcus affert, nec ideo videt. 

Eunt subinde et redeunt omnes rustici : 

Nemo animadvertit : transit etiam villicus, 

Nec ille quidquam sentit. Tum gaudens fenis 

Bobus quietis agere coepit gratias, 15 

Hospitium adverso quod praestiterint tempore. 

Respondit unus : " Salvum te cupimus quidem ; 

Sed ille, qui oculos centum habet, si venerit, 

Magno in periclo vita versatur tua." 

Haec inter ipse dominus a coena redit ; 20 

Et quia corruptos viderat nuper boves, 

Accedit ad prsesepe : " Cur frondis parum est ? 

Stramenta desunt. Tollere haec aranea 

Quantum est laboris ? " Dum scrutatur singula, 

Cervi quoque alta est conspicatus cornua : 25 

Quem convocata jubet occidi familia, 

Praedamque tollit. Haec significat fabula, 

Dominum videre plurimum in rebus suis. 28 


i^sopi ingenio statuam posu^re Attici, 
Servumque coUocirunt aetema in basi, 
Patere honoris scirent ut cunctis viam^ 


Nec generi tribui, sed virtuti, gloriam. 

Quoniam occupdrat alter, ne primus forem ; 5 

Ne solus esset, studui : quod superfuit. 

Nec haec invidia, verum est aemulatio. 

Qu6d si labori faverit Latium meo, 

Plures habebit, quos opponat Graecioe. 

Si livor obtrectare curam voluerit, 10 

Non tamen eripiet laudis conscientiam. 

Si nostrum studium ad aures pervenit tuas, 

£t arte fictas animus sentit fabulas, 

Omnem querelam submovet felicitas. 

Sin autem doctus illis occurret labor, 15 

Sinistra quos in lucem natura extulit, 

Nec quidquam possunt nisi meliores carpeie, 

Fatale exitium corde durato feram, 

Donec Fortunam criminis pudeat sui. 19 


a. or act. . actiye. 

abl. . . . ablatiYe. 

aoc. . . . accusatiye. 

acc. to . . according to. 

adj. . . . adjective. 

adv. . . . adverb. 

0= cum. . with. 

cf. = confer compare. 

ch. ... chapter. 

comm. gen. common gender. 

comp. , . comparative degree. 

conj. . . . conjunction. 

contr. , . contracted. 

dat. . . . dative. 

def. defect. . defective. 

dem. demonstr. demonstrative. 

dep. . , 

desid. • 

dissyU. . 

esp. . . 

etym. . 

f. . . . 

folld . . 

f r. . . . . from. 

freq. • . 

fut. . . 

gen. . . 

gov. . . 

Gr. . . 

imperf. . 

inch. . . 








. frequentative. 

. future. 

. genitive. 

. governing. 

. Qreek. 

. imperfect. 

. inchoative. 
ind. or indic. indicative. 
indecl. . . indeclinable. 
indef. . . indefinite. 
inf. or infin. infinitive. 
intens. . , intensive. 
inteij. . . interjection. 

irr. or irreg. irregular. 

m. . . 
n. or neut. 

nom. . . 

num. . . 

ord. . . 
p. or part. 

pa. . . 
pass. . 

perf. . . 

pers. . . 

plur. . . 

p08« • • 

J)OSB« • • 

prep. . . 

pres. . . 

prob. . . 

C§ ] . 

rel. . 
Sans. . 
sing. . 
subj. . 
sup. . 
1. 1. . 
V. a. . 
V. dep. 
V. n. . 
voc. . 








participial ailj. 



person, personnl. 



positive degrco. 






paragraph in Pub- 

lic Schools Latia 

superlative ; suplne. 
technical term". 
verb active. 
verb deponent. 
verb neuter, 
equal to. 


N.B.— The figures before v.a., v. dep., and v.n., denotc the con- 
jngation of the verb. 

Where the etymology is not given, the word is of very uncertain 
or unknown origin. 

Snch forms and meanings of worda, as do not belong to the text, 
are not inserted in the Yocabulary. 


For Addenda see p. 100, 

ftb, a, prep. gov. abl. : 1. 
From.^2, Attay /rom, ateay. — 
3* Bgt by means o/.—^, Tode- 
iiote the agent : Jy [akin to Gr. 
air'6 ; Sans ap-a], 

ab-do, dldi, dltnm, dSre, 3. 
V. a. [ab, "away"; do, "to 
put*'] 1, To jmt atoay, remove. — 
2. Fo coneeal, hide. 

&b*do, iTi and li, Itum, Ire, 
V. n. [ftb, " away "; feo, " to go "] 
1. To go avoay, depart.—2. To 

abstiilSrim, perf. subj. of 

abstlili, perf. ind. of anfSro. 

ao; seeatqne. 
' ao-c6do, oessi, ceasum, cM- 
6re, 3. v. n. [for ad-oedo ; fr. &d, 
"to"; cfido, "to go"] 1. To 
gOy or cofn«, to or totoards; to 
approachf come up. — 2. To be 

aoceB-snSf efis, m. [for acced- 
Bns, fr. acced-o, " to approach"] 
Approachf access. 

ac*cXplOf cepi, ceptnm, cTp- 
8re, 3. v. a. [for ad^capio ; fr. 
fid, "to"; c&plo, "to take"] 
(" To take to " one'8 self ; hence) 
1. To receive, accept.—2, Men- 
tally : To lec(m, hear, etc. 

ac-qnlro, qulslvi, qulsltum, 
qnlrfire, 8. v. a. [for ad-qnaero ; 
fr. fid, " withont force"; qnaero, 
"to seek"; hence, as a resnlt, 

"toget"] Togei,prontre,obtain, 

actus, a, nm, P. perf . passi. of 

fic-tlo, tii, Qtnm, t&re, 8. v. a. 
To sharpen, whet ; of the facnlties, 
«te., to render keen [root Ac, akin 
to Sans. root qo, " to sharpen "]. 

ftd, prep. gov. acc: 1. To,— 

2. Towards.—Z, By, o<.— 4. With 
Gemnd in dum : For. 

&d-8o, adv. [for ad-eom ; fr. 
ad, " upto" ; eom (=eum), acc. 
sing. of pron. is, "that"] (" Up 
tothat"; hence) 1. So /ar.—2, 
Moreover, besides. 

ftdeptas, ta, tum, P. perf. of 

ftd-Xplscor, eptns snm, Tpiscl, 

3. V. dep. [for ad-apiscor; fr. 
ad, "to"; apiscor, "to reach"] 
1, To reach to, arrive at. — 2. To 
obtain, cicquire, attain, get, 

ftdX-tos, tfLs, m. [fidfeo, "to 
go to," through true root adi] 
(" A going to " a place, etc. ; 
hence) .4 passage, entrance. 

ad-Jiivo, jOvi, jotnm, jGvfirc, 
1. V. a. [ad, "without force"; 
jtivo, «to aid"] To aid, help, 

ad-mitto, mT6i,mifsum,mitt- 
fire, 3. V. a. [fid, " to " ; mitto, 
" to allow to go "] (" To allow 
to go to " a person, etc.^ henoe) 
To admit. 



admisli perf. ind. of admitto. 

ad-m5n$o, ladntii, m5nltuin, 
m&nere, 2. t. a. [ad, " without 
force" ; m5n6o, "to admonish"] 
To admonish, suggat, remind. — 
At 1, 11,4, with ut aiid Snbj. 
[§ 152, 1].— At 1, 28, 2, with Ob- 
jective clause [§ 156, (3)]. 

ad-m5vdo, m5vi, motum, 
m5vere, 2. v. a. [ad, "to or to- 
wards"; m5v6o, "to move"] 
(" To move to or towards " one ; 
hence) Of entreaties, etc»: To dU 
recty emploj/, address, 

ad-n&to, n&t&vi, na,t9,tum, 
n&tare, l.v. n. [ad, "toorto- 
warOs " ; nito, " to swim "] To 
sicim to or tmoards ; to swim up, 

adBtans, ntis, P. pres. of 

ad-sto, etlti, stltam, st&re, 
1. V. n. [5d, "up"; sto, "to 
Btand "] To stand up, sfand. 

ad-vdnXo, veni, ventum, y&n- 
Ire, 4. V. n. [fid, " up to " ; 
v5nto, " to come "] (" To come 
np to " one ; hence) Ctf time : To 

1. adver-BUS, sa, snm, adj. 
[for advert-sus ; fr. advert-o, 
"to tum towards"] ("Tumed 
towards " ; hence, " hostile, ad- 
verse" ; henoe) Un/avourable, 
un/ortunate: adveisum tempus, 
a season o/distress, adversity, 

2. adversiis, prep. gov. acc. 
[id.] (" Turned towards, oppos- 
ite " ; hence) In hastile sense : 

adv5ca-tns, ta, tum,P. perf. 
pass. of advoco. 

ad-v5co, v5cavi, vficatnm, 
vScftre, 1. V. a. [Sd, ''to"; v5co, 
"to cair'J 1, To caU to one's 
self, etc.; at 1, 18, 1, foUd. by 
spansunij Supine in um, the word 
adodco containing in its meaning 
the idea of motion on the part of 
theper8oncalIed[$14l,6]. Cicero 
uses the above Supine after ad- 
vdco, and Horace after vdco.-~2. 

To convene, convoke, assemble. — 
Pass.: ad-v5cor, v5c&tu8 sum, 

ad-v51o, y51avi, v51^tnm, 
v51are, 1. t. n. [ftd, " to or to- 
wards"; v51o, "to fly"] (" To 
fly to or towards"; hencoj To 
hasten or spring up, 

8emiil9,-tlo, tlonis. f. [aemnl- 
(a)-or, "to rival"] In a good 
sense : Rivalry, emulation. 

ae^nus, a, um, adj. (" Per- 
taining to one " Icind, natnre, 
etc; hence, " levei. smooth" ; 
henoe) 1.: a, Fair,juM,equitable 
--also, " like." — ^b. Catm^ com- 
posed, tranquil : sbquo animo, 
(with a ealm mind, i.e.) pcUiently, 
— 2. Equal : for ex seqno see ex 
[akin to Sans. ekas, "one"]. 

£s5pu8, i, m. ^sop; a 
Phrygian philosopher who lived 
about B.c. 500. He excelled all 
the writers of antiquity in the 
mode of conveying insj^ction 
by all^ories ; and the Fables of 
Phaedrus, as well as others still 
extant, are ascribed to him as 
the original anthor [Aicrwiros]. 

ses-tas, tatis, f. (" The bum- 
ing season"; henoe) Summer 
[prob. akin to cu0ia, " to bnrn or 

eestiia-ns, ntis, adj. [sest- 
u(a)-o, "to be hot"] ("Hot, 
heated"; hence) Parched, dusty, 

8e-tas, tfttis, f. [for 8Bv-tas ; 
fr. 8Bv-um] ("The state of rer- 
um"; hence) Li/etime, li/e, a^e, 

set-ernns, ema, ernum, adj. 
[contr. from aetat-emus] (" Per- 
taining toaetas"; hence) 1. En- 
during, lasting, — 2. Etemal, er^r- 

aevnm, i, n. A li/etime, li/e 
[akin to Gr. alfwi/]. 

af-fSro, att&li, allfttum, af. 
ferre, 3. v. a. [for ad-fero ; fr. ftd, 
« to " ; f6ro, " to bring "] To hring, 
take, or carry to or up. — PasB. : 
af-fSror, all&tns snm, afferri. 



af-fyclo, ftei, fectum, fTcSre, 
S. y. a. [ror ad-facio; fr. ad, 
"to"; f&clo, «to do"] ("To 
do" Bomeihing "to" a perBon 
or thing; hence) 1. To treal or 
use either well or ill. — 2. To 
seize, attack, lcty holdof, — Pass.: 
af-fXdtor, fectns snm, ftci. 

af-firmo, firm&vi, firraatam, 
firm&re, 1. v. a. [for ad-firmo, 
fr. ad, "without force"; firmo, 
*'to make strong"] (" To make 
strong"; hence) 7b aMpr^, matn- 
tom, affi,rxn, — Sometimes with 
Objective clause [} 156 (3)] ; at 
1; 19, 5, with affirmavU decem 
Bupply panes deberi. 

aJffllotUB, a, nm : 1. F. perf. 
pass. of affllgo.— 2. Pa.: Miser- 
able^ unfortunatet distreued. 

af-fllRO, fiixi, fiictum, filgSre, 
3. V. a. [for ad-fligo ; fr. &d, " to "; 
fiigo, " to dash "] To dash» strike, 
or throw to tfte ground; to over- 
throw.—Tas»,: af-flXgor, flictus 
sum, fll^., miperat. of figo, as adv. 
Come ! come now 1 tceU notr ! 

&gendo, Gerund in do, fr. ago. 

ftgens, ntis, P. pres. of aa^o. 

a-gnosco, gn6yi, gnltum, 
gnoacere, 3. v. a. [for ad-gnosco ; 
fr. ad, ** without force" ; gnosco 
(=nosco), "to know"] 1. To 
knowt understand^ recognize^ per^ 
ceice. — 2. To acknowledge^ coneede, 

agn-118, i, m. A lamb [akin 
to itiv-ost "alamb"]. 

figo, ^, actum, figere, 3. 
V. a. ("To set in motlon"; 
hcnce) 1. Of timc : To pass^ 
Sjpend.—2» Of thanks : To give.^ 
3. To do, per/ormt etc— Pass.: 
figor, actus sum, &gi. 

ai-o, V. dofect.: 1. To speak^ 
say. — 2. To state^ affirmt assert 
[akin to Sans. root ah, for aoh, 
" to aay "]. 

fil&cer, filacris, filacre, adj. 
Briskt quick^ aciire. 

filfipa, 89, f. [prob. onomatop.] 
A slap ; a blow on the cheek with 
the open handy a box on the ear, 
When a slave was made ftiee, it 
was a custom among the Bomans 
for his master to give him a 
gentle hlow on the face. To 
this, at 2, 6, 24, the emperor al- 
ludes by the expression alapce; 
and he means to say that in his 
family freedom was Talued at a 
much higher rate, than to be 
given as a reward for so trifling 

fil-e-8,*ftlltis,(adj. [foral-i-(t)- 
s ; fr. al-a, " a wing" ; i, root of 
e-o, " to go " ; (t) cpenthetia 
letter] C*Wing-going" ; henc€) 
" with wings, winged " ; hencr , 
as Subst.), comm. gen. A b*rd. 

filXSnnm, i ; see filienus. 

fiU-Snos, §na, §num, adj. 
[aiI-u8,"another"] 0/, or behng- 
ing tOt another; another person*s; 
another^s.—A&SxibBt.: fillSnnm, 
i, n. That which is another's. 

&lXqn«ando, adv. [aliqu-is, 
" some " person or thing] (•* At 
some time"; bence) Once, at 
one titnet on one occasion. 

filX-qnis, quld (6en. fillcQjus ; 
Dat. fillcui ; Fem. Sing.andNeut. 
Plur. not used), indef. pron. 
subet. [ali-ns ; qnis] Some one, 
somebody, something. 

fiU-qnot, adj. indecl. [ali- 
us ; quot, " as many "] Somef 

fil-Xns, Ta^ lud (Gen. fillus; 
Dat. filli), adj. Another^ other of 
many.^Supply cane with alio, 1, 
4, 4 ; and rana with alifi, 1,82, 4 : 
— quidquam alind, any other 
thing or any thing else, — As Subst. : 
filli, drum, m. plur. Oiher per- 
sonSt others ; . . . filli . . . filli, some 
(persons) . . . others [akin to Gr. 

al-UcYo, lexl, lectnm, llcCre, 
3. Y. a. [for ad-Iacio ; fr. ad, 
" to "; lacio, " to allure"] (" To 



allure to " an object ; henco) To 
enticef draw on, eto. 

al-ter, t5ra, teram (GTen. al- 
t&rlns; Dat. alteri), adj. [akin 
to fil-Ius] Another; the other of 
two ; at 1, 21, 4, with alteram 
supply canem. — Aa Subst.: al> 
ter, 6rlu8, m. Another penon* 

alt«X-cinctiis, cincta, cinct- 
um, adj. [Edt-us ; (i) ; cinctns, 
" girded"] (" High-girded " ; 
hence) Active, buspt becausewhen 
perRons were busily engaged they 
•used to fasten up tiieir dress to 
prevent its being a bindranoe to 

al-tus) ta, tum, adj. [al-o] 
("Nourisned; grown great or 
increased"; hence) Hightlofty. 

alv95-lus, li, m. dim. [alveus, 
(uncontr. Gten.) alveo-i, " a 
trough or tray "] (" A small 
trough, tray, or tub" ; hence) 
A pail, bucket, watering-pot or 

ambo, ae, o, adj. plur. Both 

[a/x0<i)] . 

(&n-Icus, Ica, Icum, adj. [&m- 
o, " to love "] Loving, /riendly, 
lind; hence, as Subst.) &mIcuB, 
i, m. A/riend, 

&«xnitto, mlsi, missum, mitt- 
bre, 3. V. a. [ft, "from"; mitto, 
** to let go"] 1, To let go /rom 
one, to let slip. — 2. To loee. 

fixn-o, ftvi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
To loce; at2, 2, 2, mthout nearer 
Obje^t. — Pass. : Sm-or, fttua 
sum, &ri [akin to Sans. root kam, 

amplXos, comp. adv. [adverb- 
ial neut. of ampllor, " greater "] 
Fiwther, beyond: nihil amplius, 

an, oonj.: 1. Or.— 2. Wtiether 
01- no/[} 149]. 

&n-h61o, hSl&vi,h&latum,hel- 
iire, 1. v. a (" To draw up the 
breath" with difficulty; hencc) 
To pant, puff [an (=Gr. m^ 

np") ; haio, "to draw the 

ftnXm-ad-verto, Tertf, ver- 
Bum, vertSre, 3. v. a. [anim-us, 
"the mind"; ftd, "to"; verto. 
" to turn "] (" To tum the mind 
to" a thing ; hence) 2b perceice, 

ftn-Xmus, Ymi, m. ("That 
which breathes or blows "; hence) 
1. TTte rational soul in man ; 
mind. — 2. Disposition, character» 
— 3. Inclination, will, desire. — 4. 
Sing. andPlur.: InclinaHon, /eeU 
ing, emotion, qffection.—5, Cour- 
age, heart, spirit [aUn to Gr; 
avtfioi, " a stream of air " ; Sans. 
root AN, " to breathe, to blow "]. 

an-nus, ni, m. (" That which 
goes " round ; henoe) A year 
[akin to Sans. root am, "to 

ante, adv.aTidprep.: l.Aav.: 
Be/ore, /ormerly: ante quam, 
b^ore that. — 2. Prep. gov. acc.: 
B^ore.—At 1, 1, 10, ante hos 
sex n:ense8=:ho8 sex menses ante 
{wX\.),these sixinonth4ago [akin 
toSans. ati, " beyond " ; Gr. aFTi, 
"over againBt"]. 

antiTdStus, i, f. ("A thing 
givenin opposition"; hence) 1. 
A counter-poison. — 2. An cuUidote, 
remedy [Gr. avTiSorov]. 

ftnus, tls, f . An old voman, 

fiper,&pri, m.: l.Awildboar. 
—2. At 2, 4, 22=SUB, A sow: cf. 
lines 3 and 12 in same Fab. [akin 
to Kawfr^o^}. 

ap-p9to, pStlvi or pStTi, pSt- 
Itum, petSre, 3. v. a. [for ad-pCto ; 
f r. ftd, " to or towards " ; p6to, 
" to seek or go to "] (" To aeek, 
or go, to or towards " ; henoe) 
To strive q/ter ; to endeavour io get 
or cbtain. 

apt3,tus, a, nm, P. peif. pass. 
of apto. 

apt-o, ftvi, &tnm, fire, 1. v. a. 
[apt-us, " joined "] (" To join on 
to"; hence) Toadapi,/Uf apply. 



«kf/ttf^^-^Paes*: apt-or, atus 
sum, ari. 

Stqu-a, 8B,f. Wa^ [aMn to 
Sans. ap^ " water"]. 

Stqa-Ha, Ubb, f . (" The quick 
or rapid one") ^4» &igU [akin to 
Gr. wfcvf, "swift"; Sans. d*tt, 

3.r-a, 8B, f. (" A eeat or ralsed 
place " ; hence) An elevaiion for 
sacred purposes ; i.e. an altar 
[akin to Sans. root As, " to sit "]. 

ftr&nS-nmj i, n. [&rang-ns, 
" of , or belonging to, a spider "] 
(" A thing belon^g to a spider "; 
henoe) A spider^s web; a cobweb. 

arbor, 5ris, f. A tree. 

ard«81io, eHdnis, m. [ard-So, 
" to bum *• ; henoe, " to be in- 
flamed or ezcited". from any 
cause] ("One inflamed or ex- 
cited"; henoe) A busybodyy 

ardens, ntis, part. pres. of 

ardSo, arsi, arsum, ardSre, 2. 
V. n. To be onjlre, buniy blaze. 

arg^-mentnm, menti, n. 
[argft-o, "to prove"] ("That 
which proves or makes dear " ; 
hencc) 1. An argumenty proof. — 
2. A mark, token, likeness.~-3, A 

arg-tio, tii, fltam, ilSre, 3. 
V. a. (" To make to shine " ; 
henoe, " to show, prove " ; hence, 
" to attcmpt to show that a per- 
son is guilty of a charge," etc; 
i.e.) To charge, accuse [akin to 
Sans. root bAj, " to shine "]. 

&r-Xdn8, Ida, Idum, adj. [ar- 
eo, "to be dry"] Dry, arid, 
parched, bumt up. 

ar-rXpXo, rtptii, reptum, rlp- 
Sre, 3. V. a. [for ad-r&pTo ; fr. ad, 
" to " ; rftpXo, " to snatch "] (" To 
snatch to" one's self ; hence) To 
seize, lay hold qf. 

ar-s, tis, f. Art, skill [either 
akinto ap-«, "tojoin," and so, 
"a joiuing"; or, fr. &r-o, "to 

plough," and so, " a ploughing," 
as the earliest and most important 
act of skill]. 

arx, arcis, f . [for arc-s ; fr. 
arc-eo, " to enclose "] (" The en- 
closing thing"; hei^pe) 1. A 
castU, citadel, fortress.—2, At 1, 
2, 5, The Acropolis at Athens. 

ftsel-lns, li, m. dim. [for asin- 
lus ; fr. asin-us] A litile ass. 

SsXnns, i, m. An ass [akin 
to Grr. oi/os]. 

asper, Sra, grum, adj. : 1. 
Rough, rugged.—2, Wild, savage, 
fierce, cruel. 

as-sQXo, sntii, Bultnm, sHire, 
4. V. n. [for ad-salio ; fr. ad, " to 
or towaords" ; s&Iio, "to leap"] 
To leap or spring to [oi towards . 

as-snesco, sucvi, su5tum, 
suescSre, 3. v. n. and a. [for ad- 
suesoo ; fr. ad, " without force "; 
Buesco, " to aocustom "] 1, Neut.: 
To become accustomed.—2, Act.: 
To accustom or habituate to. N.B. 
In poetiy, ue are frequently con- 
tracted into one syllable; see 1, 

astmm, i, n. A star ; a con- 
stellation [Qr. aarpov]. 

ast-Htns, tlta, Qtum, adj. 
[ast-us, " craft "] (" Provided 
with astus" ; hence) 1, Crafty, 
cunning.—2. Shrewd, sagacious. 

at« conj. But [akin to Sans* 
atha; Gr. oT-«v, " but "]. 

Athense, ariim, i. plur. 
Athens; a celebrated city of 
Greece, founded by Cecrops, a 
native of Egypt, about b.c. 1660. 
The city was govemed by kings 
during 480 years ; but the mon- 
archical form of govemment 
being at length abolished, the 
supreme power was vested in 
magistrates called Archons, who 
were chosen from the people [Gr. 

at-qne (contracted ac), con|.^ 
[for ad-que; fr. &d. "in addi-* 



tion"; qu8, "and»'] And also, 
and besides, moreover^ and. 

fttrl-enisifl, ensis, m. [atri- 
um, " the fore-court, or hall," of 
a Boman house] (" One belonging 
to the atrium " ; hence) A hall- 
keeper^ haH-porter. 

at«tendOi tcndi, tensum or 
tentum, tendSre, 3. v. a. [for ad» 
tendo ; fr. &d, " towards "; tendo, 
" to hold out "] (" To hold outor 
extend to^vards or before '* one's 
self; henoe) With or without 
animum, etc.: To direct the atten- 
tion, apply the mind; to considery 
mindf observe, at(end.—Xt 2, 6, 6, 
attendSre is the subject of est 
[5 HO, 1]. 

at-testor, testatus sum, test- 
ari, 1. V. dep. [for ad-testor ; fr. 
ad, " to " ; testor, " to bear wit- 
ness"] To hear tcUness to, cor- 
roboratet cUtest. 

■ AttXcos, i, m. A man of 
AUica ; an Athenian. — Flur. : 
Atttci, orum. The Athenians, 
or peofile o/Athens ['ATTi#t6s]. 

at«ting:o, ttgi, tactum, ting- 
iire, 3. V. a. [for ad-tango ; fr. &d, 
" against " ; taugo, '• to touch"] 
(" To touch against, or come in 
coutact with" something ; henoe) 
To seize upon, lay hold of. 

anc-tor, tdris, m. [for aug- 
tor; fr. aug-eo, "to produce"] 
(" Ono who produocs" Bomethlng; 
hence) 1. An author^ writer.~-2, 
An originator^ inventor. 

aud&c-Xa, Ife,l f. [audax, 
aud&c-is, " bold "] ("The quality 
of the audax " ; hence) In a bnd 
sense : BoldnesSy audacUy. 

aadac-ter, adv. [id.] Boldly, 

and-Xo, iTi or 11, Itnm, Ire, 4. 
V. a. ("To give ear to" ; honce) 
1. To hear. — 2. To hear one asan 
instructor ; to be the pupil of, to 
tUtend the teaching of. — Pass. : 
and-Xor, Itus snm, Iri [akin to 
a{lf (so30> avr-ds, "ear"]. 

au-fSro, abstflU, ablfttam« 
auferre, 3. v. a. [for av-fSro, for 
ab-fSro ; f r. ftb, " away " ; f6ro, 
" to bear or take "] 7b carry off 
or away ; io take away. 

aora, s, f. The air [avi>a]. 

anr-is, is, f. [for aud-is ; fr. 
aud-io, " to hear"] (" Tbe hear- 
ing thing" ; hence) An ear. 

aarltti-lus, 11, m. dim. [for 
aurito-lus ; fr. auritns, (unoontr. 
(Jen.) aurit6-i, " long-eared "] 
(" A little long-eared animal " ; 
hence) An ass. 

aurmn, i, n. (" The bnming 
thing" ; i.e. "the glittering or 
shining metal " ; hence) Gold 
[akin to Sans. root ush, "to 
bum"; Gr. ajlpoi/]. 

aut, conj. Or, 

autem, conj. But, noWf how* 

auzU-Xum, li. n. [probably 
obsolete auzilis (=aug-8ilifl)," in- 
creasing," fr. ang-eo, " to in- 
crease "] (" The quality, or state, 
of the auxUis" ; hcnce) 1. 1/efpj 
aid, assistance. — 2. Plur.: Sources 
of help, tneaas of aid, etc. 

&v-ftrus, ftra, amm, adj. 
[av-6o, "to desire eamestly"] 
("Eamestly desirous"; henoe, 
with respect to wealth) Covetotu, 
avaricious. — AsSubst.: ftvftrus, 
i, m. A covetous, or ararieioiM, 

?tvXd-Xtas, n&tis, f. [&vld-us] 
("The quality of the avidus'' ; 
hence) Coveteusness, greediness. 

ftv-Idus, Ida, Idum, adj. f&v- 
6o, "to desire eagerly"] ("De- 
siringeagerly" ; hence) Covetous, 

ft-vI-8, &vli9, f. A bird [akin 
to Sans. vt, "a bird" ;— the a is 
probably a prefiz]. 

barba, le, f . A beard, 
bftsis, is, f. A pedestal, bate 
[Gr. fiavi^, "a stepping"]. 



b^nS-flc-Xum, li, n. [for 
bene-fac-ium ; fr. bene, " well " ; 
fac-io, " to do "] (" A doing gocd 
or well '• ; hence) Kindness^ fav- 
our^ servicet heneju, 

bSnign-Itas, Itatis, f. [ben- 
ign-us, "kind"J ("The quality 
oC the henignus " ; hence) Kind- 
ness, bounty,/avour, liberality. 

bestXa, ae, f. A beast. 

bXbens, ntis, P. pres. of bibo. 

bibissem, plnperf. subj. of 

bXb-o, i, Itum, ?re, 3. v. a. 
To drink [root bi (=iri in tti-i/w, 
" to drink ") redupUcated]. 

bXdens, dentis, f. [bldens, 
" with two teeth"] (" An animal 
with two— rows of— teeth " com- 
plete ; esp.) A sheep. 

bl-lingn-is, e, adj. [bi (=bi8), 
"twice" ; lingu-a, "a tongue"] 
(" Withtwiceatongue" ; hence) 
Double-tongnted, i.e. hypocritical, 
deceit/ul, playing a doublepart. 

bi-ni, nae, na, distrib. adj. 
plur. [bi (=bi8), " twice"] (" Per- 
tainingto bi or bis** ; hence) 1. 
Two apiece. — 2. Of things that 
are in pairs : A pairo/ bhe things 
denoted by the word to which it 
is in attribution. 

bipenn-is, is, f. [bipenn-is, 
** having two edges "] ('* A thing 
having two edges " ; hence) A 
tico-edged axe, doiible-axe, axe. 

bis. adv. [for duis, fr. duo, 
" two ] Ttcice. 

bland-XtXa, ItlaB, f . [bland-ua, 
"flattering"] (" The quality of 
the blandus" ; hcnoe) Plur.: 
Flatteries, blandishments. 

b5baS| dat. and nbl. plur. cf 

bSnnm, i ; see b$nus. 

bfinns, a, um, adj. Good, 
excellent.—Aa Subst.: bSn-mn, 
i,n. An advantctge. SS^Comp.: 
m61Ior; Sup.: optTmus. 

bos, b5vis (plnr. bSves, 
b5um), comm. gen. ("The low- 

Plued, I. and n. 

ing or bellowing one"; hence) 
One o/ the ox tribe ; an ox, a cow. 
— At'l, 26, 8, with bovem supply 
esselatiorem.—Vlva.: Cattie [Gr, 
/3ous. "anox"]. 

bfivem, acc. sing. of bos. 

bSves ; see bos. 

b5v-Ile, Ilis, n. [bos, b5v-is] 
(" A thing pertaining to bos" ; 
hence) An ox-stall. 

brSvIor, us ; v. brevia. 

brSvis, e, adj. ^iort, liUJe, 

Gomp.: br6v-Yor [akin to 
(Jr. /Spaxv?, "short"]. 

brSv-Itas, It&tis, f. [brev-is, 
"short'"] ("The quality of tho 
brevis" ; hence) 1. Shortness. — 2« 
Brevity, coneiseness. 

bubne, His, n.sbovile. 

bilbul-cus, ci, m. [bubul-ns, 
" pertaining to neat cattle "] One 
pertaining to neat cattle ; a herdS' 
man, neat-herd. 

csecus, a, um, adj. Blind. 

csed-es, is, f. [csed-o, "to 
slay"! A kiiling or slaying; 

caedo, cScIdi, csesum, casdSre, 
8. V. a. [akintoc&do, " to fall," in 
causative force] (" To cauae to 
fall " ; hence) Of trees : 7b oi^or 
hewdoion.—Faias.: ccedor, cassus 
sum, caedi. 

Caesar, ari8,m. (" Hairy One ") 
Ccesar ; a cognomen in tho Julian 
family at Eome ; esp. Cains 
Julius, tho first Roman emperor, 
assassinated by Brutus and Cas- 
sius. After him all the Roman 
emperors bore the name of Oaesar, 
with the title Augustus, till tbe 
time of Adrian, when Augustus 
denoted the ruling emperor, 
Caesar, the heir to the crown. — 
The Caesar mentioned in 2, 5, and 
6, is Tiberina Claudius Nero, the 
Buccessor of Augustus, and third 
Boman emperor. 

c&l&mltas, atis, f. Mis- 



fortunty itOury, misltap, disaster, 

calcSandas, a, um, Geriind- 
ive of calc&o. 

calcS^o, avi, atnm, are, 1. 
V. a. [calce-us, "a shpe"] To 
/urnish toith shoes, to shoe. 

calc-iUuSi tlli, m. dim. [calx, 
calc-i8, *' a small Btone"] A small 
stone, a pebble. 

cSIumnXa • tor, toris, m. 
[calumni(a)-or, " to contrire arti- 
fices"] A contriver o/artifices, per- 
verter o/ lato, detractor. 

cSIumnX-or, atus sum, ari, 
1. V. dep. [calumni-a, " false ac- 
cusation, slander"] 1. To accuse 
/alsely, slander, revile, calumni- 
ate. — 2. To be captious, or /ind 
/auli teUh; to censure. 

calvns, a, um, adj. BaM. 

calx, calcis, m. A heel. 

campus , i, m . An even place, 
aplain, a/ield [prob. akin to Gr. 
«cTjirov, " a garden "] . 

C&nis, is, comm. geu.: 1. A 
dog. — 2. A /emale dog, a bitch 
[aKin to Gr. kvuv, kvv-6s ! Sans. 

c9,«nus, na, num, adj. 
(" Bumed "; hence) Orey, hoary. 
— At 2, 2, 10, supply capillos [akin 
to KOL-M, " to bum "]. 

c&pel-la, I(e, f. dim. [for 
caper-la; fr. capra, cap(e)r-£e, 
" a she-goat "] A lUtle she-goat, a 

c&p-illns, illi, m. (" The thing 
pertaining to the heaid " ; hence) 
The hair of the head [akin to 
cap-ut, Gr. «cet^-aA^, "head"; 
Sans. kap-dla, " scnll"]. 

cHpXo, cepi, captum, c&pSre, 
3. V. a.: 1. To take, lay hold o/; 
io seize. — 2. To make prisoner,— 
3. To captivate in love,— 4. Totoin 
or gain; to please, captivate. — 5. 
To seduce, misIead.—VeLSS.: cSp- 
Xor, captus sum, c<1pi. 

cap-tfi, tavi, tatum, tarc, 1. 
V. a. iutcns. [cap-io] 1, To strice 

to seize at lay hold of a thing ; io 
catch or snatcli at. — 2. To strive 
a/ter, to seek eamestly. 

cS.p«ut, Ttis, n.: t, A head. — 
2. Lj/e [akin to Bans. kap-dia; 
Gr. #ce0-aA^]. 

c&r-So, tli, Itum, ere, 2. v. n. 
(" To be shorn of "; hence) 1, To 
be without or destitute of; to/ail 
in: with Abl [§ 119, 6].— 2. 7b 
tcant [Gr. root «cap, whence «cetp' 




€Lv, " to shear " ; 

camem, acc. sing. of caro. 

c&r-o, nis, f. Fleth [akin to 
Gr. «cpeas]* 

carp-o, si, tam, Sre, 3. v. a. 
1. To seize upon and devour; to 
eaiup. — 2. Toreviie,puU to pieces, 
carp at [akin to Gr. apir-a^w, " to 

c&sius, i, m. Cheese. 

cfi-sus, bQs, m. [for cad-gns; 
fr. cad-o, *' to fall "]t,A /ailing 
down, a /ail.—2, A mitfortune, 
mishap, caiamity, 

cfttil-lus, li. m. [prob. for 
catolus ; fr. obsol. catns, (un« 
contr. G«n.) cato-i, akin toca-nis] 

1. Of a dog: A tBhelp,puppy,—2, 
Of wild animals : A cub.—S, Of 
acat: AkiUen, — Flnr.: Theyoung 
or litter. 

causa, se, f . : 1. A cause, 
reason, motive. — Adverbial Abl. 
causa, with a following Gen. or 
possess. pron.; Forthe sakeo/, on 
my, etc., acconnt, — 2. A eaiue at 
iatc, ajudicial suit,—3, Apretext, 

cau-tus, ta, tum, adj. [for 
cav-tus, fr. cay^eo, " to take 
heed"] Taking fieed, provident, 
cautious, circumspect, tcary,prud' 

c^vSo, c&vi, cautum, c&vere, 

2. v. n. To take heed, i>e cautious. 
— Sibi non cavere, etc., observo 
the construction. In Latin the 
infinitivc is often nscd ns a neuter 
subetantive of either the nomina- 



tive or accusative case [§140]. 
This peculiarity, however, at- 
taches to it, that it retains the 
natnre of a verb, taking bef ore it 
or after it, as the case may bc, 
Buch words as would precede or 
follow it in the usual mode of 
construction. Hence, in the pre- 
sent instance, hominem mnst be 
supplied before eavere, while cav- 
ere itself stands in the place 
of an accusative before the in- 
finitive esse; stultum being the 
accusative of the complement 
after esie, and in the neuter 
gender, because, as above re- 
marked, cavere (the substantival 
infinitive) is to be considered as a 
nenter substantive. 

cS.v-ernai emae, f. [cav-us, 
"hollow"] 1. A cavity, hole, 
hollow place. — 2. A cavem, den. 

c&v-tun, i, n. [id.] A hollow 
place, a hole. 

cSd-o, cessi, cessnm, cSdSre, 
<J. V. n.: 1, To go, go along. — 2. 
To go away from; to retire, dC' 
part, toithdraw; with Abl. of 
Separation [§ 123], 1, 21, 10 [Gr. 
root xa*. whence xa^ouai (i.e. 
XaS-<rofMn.), " to retire"]. 

cSlanSf ntis, P. pres. of celo. 

cSlSber, c&I^ris, cSI^bre, edj. 
Distinguished, celebrated, much 
talked of,famous, noted. 

c818r-Xter, adv. [c61er, 
" swift "] Svciflly, quickly, rapidly, 
toith speed. 

cSlSr-Itas, It&tis, f. [id.] 
("The quality of the celer"; 
hence) Su>iftness, speed. 

c61-0| i^vi, &tum, are, 1. v. a. 
To hide, conceal [akin to icaA- 
virrw, "tocover"]. 

celsns, sa, sum, adj. [cel-lo, 
" to urge along "] (" TJrged a- 
long" ; hence) Raised aloft, lofty, 

centnm, nnm. adj. indecl. 
A hundred [akin to Sans. fatan ; 

Gr. i-KOTOv}. 

cSr-€bmm, 5bri, n. (" That 
which is canied in the head or 
skull"; hence) The brain [akia 
to Gr. jeap-a, " the head "] 

certa-tim, adv. [cert(a)-o, 
"to contend"] ("By a contend- 
ing" ; hence) Eagerly, earnestly. 

cert-e, adv. [cert-us, " sure"] 
Surety, assuredly, certainly. 

cer-tns, ta, tum, adj. [for 
ccm-tus ; fr. cem-o, " to de- 
termine'']("Determined"; hence) 
Sure, certain, 

cer-viX} vicis, f. ("Thehead- 
carryingthmg"; hence) 77*« 7iec>t 
[=cer-vic-s, for cer-vec-s=cer- 
veh-s; fr. cer=:«cap-a, "head"; 
v6h-o, " to carry "]. 

cer-vns, vi, m. (" The horncd 
one " ; hence) A stag [akiu to 
<cep-as, "ahom"]. 

ces-so, s&vi, B&tum, s3xe, 1. 
V. n. [for ced-so ; fr. ced-o, " to 
retire, withdraw "] (" To retiio 
or withdraw much " ; hence) To 
be remiss ; to tarry, delay, loiter, 

cn^ns, i, m. Food. 

cXconXa, ee, f. A stork. 

cle-ns, ntis, P. pres. of cie-o. 

cI-6o, civi, cltum, clcre, 2. 
V. a. (" To make to go " ; hence) 
Of groans, etc: To pour forth, 
utter [prob. akin toKi-&),"togo" 
— in causative force]. 

circ-nm, prep. gov. acc. 
[circ-us, " a cu-cle "] Arouiid, 
round about, near. 

circnm-do, d6di, dJltum, 
d&re, 1. V. a. [circum, " around "; 
do, "toput"] ("Toputaround"; 
hence) To encompass, encircle, 

cirms, i, m. A ringlet, curl, 
lock of hair. 

cXt3,tn8, a, um, P. perf . pass. 
of 2. cito. 

1. cXt-O, adv. [cit-us," qiiick"] 

2. cl-to, tavi, tatum, tSre, 1. 
V. a. intens. [ci-eo, " to make to 
go "] (" To make to go quickly "; 

D 2 



henoe) Tc summon, citet call, eause 
to come /oriDard.—Yass,: cX-tor, 
tatus snm, tari. 

civis« is, comm. gen. ("A 
dweller " ; hence) A cUizen, aa a 
dweller in a city [akin to Sana. 
root KflHi, " to dwell"]. 

cIv-XtaB, Ttati3, f. [civ-is, " a 
citizen"] (" The conditlon ofthe 
civis" ; hence, " citizenship " ; 
hence) 1. The citizens.—2, The 
state or bodypolUic. 

cl&mXtanB, ntis, P. pres. of 

cl9.m-XtO, Yt&vi, rtatum, Itare, 
1. y. te. and a. intens. [clii.m-o, 
"to cryoufj 1. Neut.: To cry 
<t violentlycT aloud.—^, Act.: 
To vociferate loudly or batcl out 

cl9.m-or, 5ris. m. [ulam-o, 
" to call out "] A calling out; a 
elamour ; an outciy, shout. 

cllL-raS) ra, rum, adj. Clear 
in sound ; loud, shrill [akin to 
8 ms. root gRU ; Gr. kAv-o» ; Lat. 
cm-So, "tohear"]. 

cU-tella, 88, f. [prob. for clin- 
tella; fr. clin-o, "to bend"] 
(" The bent thing" ; hence) A 
pannier, pack-saddle. 

CGBna, se, f . Supper. 

CGBp-t (pres. cQQpIo, ante-class- 
ical), iese, v. def. a. and n. [contr. 
f r. co-ap-Io ; fr. co ( =s cum) in " in- 
tensiye '* f orce ; ap-Io, ** to lay hold 
of "] ("To lay hold of " ; hence) 
1. /, etc, hegan, or have hegun.— 
2- With an Inf. as a clrcumlocu- 
tion f or the finite vcrb of such inf .; 
e.g. coepit rfidlre, retumed, 1, 3, 10. 

cO-gro, c5egi, c5actum, cogSre, 
3. V. a. [contr. fr. co-ago ; fr. co 
(=cum), "together"; &go, " to 
drive"] "To drive together" ; 
hence) To urge,force, compel. — 
Pass.: c5-g:or, c5actns sum, 

col-15co, 15c&vi, 15c§tum, I5c- 
are, 1. v. a. [for con-looo; fr. 
con (s: cum) in " intens*ive " 

foroe; loco, " to place"] 1. 7b 
fay, put, or place ; to station. — 2« 
To set up, erect a statne, etc. 

CoUiim, i, n. A neck. 

cfilumba, sb, f . A dove,p\geon. 

c5ma, se, f. Uair [komt;]. 

c5m-edo, cdi, esum or estnm, 
gdgre, 3. v. a. [com (=cum), in 
" augmentative " force ; edo, " to 
icat."] To'eat vp, devour, con» 

com-e-s, c5mltis,comm.gen. 
[for com-i-t-s ; fr. com (=cuni), 
" together " ; i, root of eo, " to 
go"; (t) epenthetic] ("Onewho 
goes with another " ; hence) A 
companion, comrade : asello com- 
Ite, 1, 11, 3, Abl. Abs. [§ 125]. 

c5messe, for comedisse, perf . 
inf . of c5medo. 

com-is, e, adj. ("Loving"; 
bencc) Courteous, aUentive [akiu 
to Sans. root kam, " to love "]. 

commend&-tXo, ticnis, f. 
[commend-(a)-o, " to com- 
mend "] A commendation, recom' 

com-mendo, mend&vi, mend- 
atum, mendare, 1 . v. a. [for com- 
mando; fr. com (=cum), in 
" intensive " f orce ; mando, "to 
conmiit "] (" To commit or cn- 
trust thorouglily " ; bence) To 
commit to one'8 favour ; to cowt- 
mend, recommend.—YaaB.: com- 
mendor, mend&tus sum, mend- 

com-mfotio, mlntli, mlnu- 
tnm, mlntiere, 3. v. a. [com ( = 
cum), in " intensivc " force ; 
mlntio, " to lessen "] (" To leesen 
excecdingly " ; hence) To hreak 
to pieces.—Tajsa,: com-mXnilor, 
mlnGtus sum, mlnni. 

commXntitas, a, um, P. perf . 
pass. of comminuo. 

commlsdrim, perf. subj. of 

com-mltto, mlsl, missum, 
mittere, S. v. a. [com (=cum), 
"together"; mitto, "to cause 



to go "] (" To canBe to go to- 
gether"; bence) To cntrusty eon' 
sign, commit. 

commOd&sse, for commoda- 
visse, perf. inf. of commodo. 

oomm5d-o, &Ti, atum, are, 1 . 
v.a. [commod-ns, "convenient"] 
To give for convenience or use ; 
to lend or accommodate with. 

com-mtLnis, mnne, adj. [com 
(=cnm), •* together" ; munis, 
*• serving "] (" Berving toge- 
tlier"; hence) Common. 

commatandns, a^ uro,Ger< 
nndive of commHto. 

com-mtlto, mOt&vi, mllt- 
atum, mOtftre, 1. v. a. [com (s 
cum), in " augmentative " force ; 
mflto, " to change "] To change 
vholly m entirely ; to alter. 

com-pello, pilli, pulsum, 
peliere, 8. v. a. [com (=cum), in 
" augmentative " force ; pello, 
*' to drive "] To compel force. — 
FasB.: com-pellor, pulsus sum, 

compe-sco, sciU, uo sup., 
scere, 3. v. a. [for comued-bC3 ; 
f r. compes, oomped-is, " a fetter " 
or band "] (" To fetter," rtc. ; 
henoe) To check^ curbf restrain, — 
Pass. : compe-scor, no perf., 

com - plSo, plevi, pletum, 
plSre, 2. V. a. [com ( =cum), in 
" angmentative " force ; pleo, 
" to fiU "] With Abl. [} 119, b] : 
Tofill entirely; tofill vp or full; 

compulsns, a, um, P. perf. 
pa9s. of compello.— At 1, 1, 2, 
compulsi is plar. becanae in con- 
cord with two sing. sub&tantives, 
InpuH and agnus. 

conceptns, a, um, P. perf. 
pass. of concipio. 

con-cX8o, clvi, cTtum, clere, 
2. v. a. [con (=cum), in " aug- 
mentative " force ; cl6o, •* to put 
in motion"] (" To put in strong 
motion " ; hence) To move vio- 

lently : conclto gradn, wUh rapid 
step.—TfxsB.: con-cISor, cUus 
sum, clSri. 

concinn-o, avi, &tum, &ie, 

1. V. a. [concinn-us, "fitly ad- 

jnsted"] 1. To adjust fitly, lo 

join togelher fitly, toset right. — 2. 

2'o prepare, occasiony produce. 

concl-o, Onis, f. [cond-o or 
concl-^o, ** to collect together, 
aseemble "] (" A coUecting to- 
gciher, aflsembling*'; hencc) An 
a«wtAMy, meeting, 

con-cIpXo, ccpi, ceplnm, cYp- 
$re, 3. V. a. [for con-capio; fr. 
con (scum), In ** intenslve ** 
force ; cftplo, *' to take "] (** To 
take or lay hold of on all sides " ; 
henoe) 1. To take to one^s self, 
receive.—2» Of females : To con^ 
eeixe. — 3. To imagine, conceive, 
think.—FaaB.: con-cXpXor, cep- 
tns sum, clpi. 

concl-to, tftvi, tfttnm, tftre, 

I. V. a. [conci-eo] 1. To rouse 
greatly, set in violent inotion.—2, 
To rouse, urge, impel to any act 
or feeling ; to move strongly ; to 
instigate.—S. To excite, occaston, 
cause, produce. 

concltus, a, nm, P. perf . pass. 
of concISo. 
con-ctipi-sco, cfiplvi or cfip- 

II, cQpltnm, cQpiscSre, 3. v. a. 
intens. [con (=cum), in ** in- 
tensive " force ; cnpi-o, " to de- 
sire "] To be tery desirou* of; to 
longfor; tococe*. 

con-cnrso, cnrsftvi, curs- 
fttum, curaare, 1. v. ii. [con (ss 
cum), in "angmentative" force; 
curso, •♦to nm aboot"] (**To 
run about grreatly " ; hence) To 
run hUher and thither or back" 
teards andforwards. 

condltns, a, um, F. perf. 
pasB. of condo. 

coxi-do, dldi, dltnm, dSre, 3. 
V. a. [con (=cum), '* together" ; 
do, *'to pnt"] ("To put to- 
gether"; hence) To conceal, hidtf 



s&irete. — ^Pass. : con-dorf dttua 
sam, di. 

confectns, a, um, P. perf. 
pass. of conf Iclo. 

confessus, a, um, P. perf. 
of confiteor. 

COn-flcXo, feci, fectnm, fTc5re, 
3. V. a. [for con-fucio ; fr, con 
(= cum), in '* angmentative" 
force; faclo, "to make"] ("To 
make thoroughly " ; hence, " to 
bring about," etc. ; henoe) To 
diminish, lessen^ weaken^ tposfe. — 
Pass.: con-flclor, fectus sum, 

con«f!do, fisus sum, fldSre, 
3. V. semi>dep. [con (=cum), in 
" intensive " force ; fido, " to 
trust "] To Irusl strongly, be con- 

con-ftt§or, f^ussum,flteri, 
2. V. dep. [f or con-fateor ; fr. cou 
(= cum), in " augmentative " 
force ; fateor, " toown "] Toovon, 
confeis, alloWy acknovoledge. 

con-fSdlo, fodi, fossum, fud- 
6re, 3. v. a, [con (=cum), in 
" augmentative " force ; f6dIo, 
" to dig "] (" To dig thoroughly "; 
hence, " to pierce," etc.', hence) 
Of a homed animal : To gore. 

conor, atus sum, ari, 1. v. dop. 
To ttndertake, atlempt, try, venture, 

conscXent-Ia, Ise, f. [con- 
sciens, conscient-is, " being con- 
Bcious"] Consciousness. 

coneOlIa-tor, toris, m. [con- 
8lli(a)-or, "to counsel "] Onewho 
counsels ; a counsellor. 

consn-Xum, li, n. [prob. for 
consul-ium ; fr. constU-o, " to 
consult"] 1, Consultaiion, de- 
liberation.—2, Plan, design.S. 
Counsel, advice. 

conspec-tus, tOs, m. [con- 
Bpic-io, " to behold," through 
true root conspec] (" A behold- 
ing " ; hence) Sight, view. 

con-spergo, spersi, spersum, 
Bpergfire, 8. v. a. [for con-spargo; 
fr. con (=cum), iu " intensiYQ " 

force ; spargo, " to sprinkle "] 
To spnnkle in all directions, to 6e- 

con-spXcXo, cfpexi, spectum, 
spIcSre, 3. v. a. [for con-specio ; 
fr. con (=cum), in " augmenta- 
tive" force ; sp^Io, "to see"] 
To see, behold. 

con-spXc-or, atna snm, S.ri, 
1. V. dep. [for con-spgc-or; fr. 
con (=cum), in "intensive" 
force ; spec, root of spec-io, " to 
see"] To see, behold, get a sight 
of, descry. 

conspira-tus, ta, tum, adj. 
[conspir(a)-o, " to cou^pirc "] 
Having conspired or entered into a 

con-stimo, sumpsi, sumpturo, 
sQmSre, 3. v. a. [con (=cum), in 
" augmentative ' force ; sumo, 
" to take "] (" To take whoUy or 
entirely " ; henoe, " to consume, 
devour" ; hence) 1, To trasffi 
away, destroy.- 2. Of time : To 
pass. spend ;~ "Pttss.: To bepasf, to 
elapse: with hoc consumpto sup- 
ply tempore. at 1,21,8. — Pass.: 
con - Bumor, simiptus sum, 

consumptus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass. of consQmo. 

con«t6go, texi, tectum,t5ggre, 
3. V. a. [con (=cum), in "aug- 
mentative " force ; t6go, " to 
cover"] 1. To cover up ororer; 
to cover. — 2. To hide, conceal. 

contemn-ens, entis, part. 
pres. of conteran-o. 

con-temno, tempsi, tem- 
ptum, tcninCre, 3. v. a. [con ( = 
cum), in " aiigmentative " force ; 
temno, " to despiso "] To despise 
greatly ; to disdain, contemn; at 
1, 30, 7, without Acc. of nearer 
Object; — at 2, 8, 11, with con- 
temptum supply esse. — Paae.: 
con - temnor, temptua sum, 

contempsSrim, perf. Subj. 
of contemno. 



contemptns, a, tun, P. perf. 
pass. of contemno. 

con-tendOf tendi, tentnm, 
tendere, 8. v. a. [con (=.cum), 
In " intensive " foroe ; tendo, " to 
stretch"] («To stretch with all 
one's might " ; hence) 1, With 
clause as object : To sltHvf, dU- 
pute, or contend about : — contend- 
ebant, plur. with composite snb- 
ject, formica et musca [§ 92]. — 
2> To astert or afflrm eamestly ; 
to maintatn energetieally. 

conten-tus, ta, tum, adj. 
[contin-eo, " to restrain," through 
true root conten] ("That rc- 
strains himself " ; henoe) Con- 
tentedt content. 

con-terrSo, terriii, terrltum, 
terrere, 2. v. a. [con (=cum), 
in "intensive" force ; terrgo, 
"to frighten"] To frighten or 
alarm greatly; to terr\fy.—Vas&.\ 
con - terrSor, terrltus sum, 

conterrXtns, a, um, P. perf . 
pass. of conterreo. 

con-tXnSo, tlnui, tentura, 
tlnere, 2. v. a. [for con-t5n6o ; fr. 
con (=cum), "together "; t6n§o, 
" to hold "] (" To hold together "; 
hence) To compriset contain. — 
Fass.: con-tXnSor, tentus sum, 

con-tingo, tTgi, tactnm, ting. 
6re, 3. v. a. and n. [for con- 
tango ; fr. con (=cum), in " in- 
tensive " force ; tango, " to 
touch "] (" To touch on all sides " ; 
hence) 1. Act.: To take, or gef, hold 
of; to reach,arrive at.—2, Neut.: 
To happen or chance; to fall out, 
come to pass. 

contXnti-o, adv. [conttnuns, 
•* successive "] (" After the mau- 
ner of the contlniius " ; heuce) 
Immediately, straighticay, forth- 

contra, adv. and prep.: 1, 
Adv.: a. Over against, on the op» 
posite side.—\i, On the other side, 

on ihe other hand, in return, 
in reply, — 2. Prep. gov. acc. : 

con-ttibem-Imn, ti, n. [for 
con-tabern-lum ; fr.con (=cum), 
" together "; tabern-a, " a hut "] 
(" A being together in a hut " ; 
hence) A dwelling together. 

conttim61-Ia, ise, f. [con- 
ttimSo, through obsol. adj. con- 
ttimel-us, " swelling greatly"] 
(" The qualityof theconfwmeZtt*"; 
hence) Jnsult, affront, contumely. 

convSnl-ens, entis, adj. 
[conveni-o, "to be suitable"J 
Suitable, appropriate, fit. 

con-vic-Xmn, Ii,n. [probably 
for con-voc-ium; fr. con; vox, 
vocis] (" A thing greatly pertalu- 
ing to vox"; hence) 1, A violent 
or loud noise ; a cry, outcry. — 2. 
Reproach, abuse, reviling, insult. 

con-viv-a, ae, m. [con (= 
cum), " with " ; vlv-o, " to live"] 
(" One who lives with " another ; 
faence) A table-companion, a guest, 

convScatus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass. of conv5co. 

con-v5co, v5cavi, v5catnm, 
vScare, 1. v. a. [con (=cum), 
" together" ; vOco, " to call "], 
To call together; to assemble, con- 
voke.— ^Pass. : con-vocor, voc- 
tltus sum, ari, 

cor, cordis, n.: 1. A heart.^ 
2. Mind [akin to Gr. kt}p, Sans. 
And, "beart"]. 

' co-r-am, prep. gov. abl. [con- 
tracted fr. co-or-am ; fr. co 
(=cum), in " angmentative " 
force ; os, Sr-is, " the face "] 
(" In the face " of ; hence) In the 
presence of, before the eyes of. 

corcSdilus, i, m. [altered fr, 
crocodilusj A crocodile [/fpoKo- 

cSrl^um, \i, n. A skin of 
animals, a hide [xopLov]. 

corn-8u8, 6a,eum,adj. [com ■ 
u,"horn"] Of, or belongiag to, 
horn; horny, made of horn. 



cornix, Icis, f. A crovo [akin 

tO KOp«|FY)]. 

cor-nn, nGs, n. A horn [akin 
to Gr. fcep-asj. 

corp«us, oris, n. ("That 
which is created or made" ; 
hence) A hody ; corpus f^ere, to 
becomefcUf to thrice; vasti corp- 
oris, of huge carcasey i.e. of im- 
mense size; 1, 5, 3 ; Gen. oC quality 
[} 128J [akin to Sans. root klu>, 

correptas, a, um, P. pcrf. 
pass. of corrlpTo. 

cor-rXfiTO, rexi, rectum, rlgere, 
3. V. a. [for coa-rego ; fr. con 
f=cum), iu "intensive" force; 
rCgo, " to make Btraight"] (" To 
make thoroughly straight " ; 
henoe) To amend, correc^— Pass.: 
Cor-rXgror, rectus sum, rlgi. 

cor>rXpXo, rlprii, reptum, 
rlpSre, ,3. v. a. [for con-rapio ; 
fr. con (=:cum), in "augmenta- 
tive" foroe; r&pTo, "to seize"] 
To seize violently; to lay violent 
hold of, — Pass. : cor-rlpXor, 
reptus snm, rlpi. 

cor-rtunpo, rflpi, ruptnm, 
rmnpere, 3. v. a. [for con-rumpo ; 
fr. con (=cum), in " intensive " 
force ; rumpo, " to break "] (" To 
break completely " ; hence) To 
spoily «lar.— Pass.: cor-rump- 
or, ruptu^ sum, rumpi. 

corruptns, a, um : l. P. perf. 
paEs. of cormmpo. — 2. Pa.: 
Spoiled, marred, 

cort-ex, Icis, m. and f. (" The 
split or splittingthing" ; hence) 
1, The bark of trees; the rind, 
shell, husk, or hull of plants, efc. 
— 2. 7%« outer shefl of an animal 
[Sans. root krit, " to split"]. 

cor-vna, vi, m, (" The crier 
or croaker " ; hence) A raven 
[akin to Sans. root KRug, "to 
cry out " ; and Gr. Kpw^w, " to 

cre&ro, - for creavCro, fut. 
perf . ind. of creo. 

crSdens, ntis, P. pres. of 

cre-do, dldi, dltum, dSre, .S. 
V. n. and a. (" To put faith in " ; 
hence) 1, Neut.: To trust, hare 
confidence in, helieve. — 2. Act. : 
a. To befieve, think, imagine, sup- 
pose.—h, With Dat. : To entrust 
something to one, etc. [§ 106, (3)] 
[akin to Sans. prefix j ro/," f aith " ; 
do, "toput"J. 

credtU-Itas, Ttatis,f. [crednl- 
us, "easy of belief"] ("The 
quality of the credulus'^ ; hcnce) 
Easiness of belief, credulity. 

crS«o, avi, &tum, are, 1. v. a.: 
1. To make, produce, create: 
crf are llbgros, to become thefather 
of children, 1, 6, 9. — 2. With 
double Acc. [$ 99] : To make a 
person something; to appoint, 
ehoose, elect a person to an office. 
— Pars.: cr@-or, fitus sum, aii 
[akin to Sans. root kri, "to 

crl-men, mlnis, n. [prob. 
akin to cerno, " to separate "J 
("The separating, or sifting, 
thlng " ; hence, " a judicial ex- 
amination "; hence) 1. A eharye, 
accusation.—2. A crime orfault. 

crad-eiis, clo, adj. (" Wrath- 
ful"; hence) Cruel. B^Comp.; 
crOdel-Ior; Sup.: crildel-isslmus 
[probably akin to Sans. root 
krudh, " to be angry "J. 

criior, Oris, m. Blood, 

cr-fis, riria, n. ("The thing 
whichgoes"; hence) A leg [akin 
to Sans. root gRi, "to go"]. 

ciib-Ile, ilis, n. [cQb-o, " to 
lie down"J (" A thing for lying 
dowu"; hence) 1. Of wild ani- 
mals : A den, lair,—2, Of dogs : 
A bed, kennel. 

cticurrSrim, rerf. subj. of 

culp-a, », f . (" A deed, ac- 
tion " ; hence, in a bad sense) A 
criine, fault [akin to Sans. root 
KLip, "tomake"]. 



etim, prep. gov. abl. With^ t» 
connection or in common with. — 
Written after personal pronouns ; 
e.g. mecuni [akiu to Sans. sam ; 
Gr. fvi/ (for KvV), <rvv, " with "]. 

cunctns a, um (mostly pltir. 
cuncti, 8B, a), adj. [contr. fr. 
conjunctus] (" Joined together "; 
henoe) AIU the whole. — As Subst.: 
a. ciincti, orum, m. plur. All 
jtersonSy all.—l), cuncta, orum, 
n. plur. All things. 

ctipXd-ItaB, It&tis, f. [cnpid- 
ns, "desirous"] ("The quality 
of the cupidus"; hence) A long' 
ing desire, eagerness for any- 

ctip-Idas, tda, Idum, adj 
[ciipl-o, ••deeire"] 1, Desirous, 
eagerj sometimes with Gen. [§ 
132]. — 2. Grasping, covetous. 

cttp-lo, ivi or li, Itum, Sre, 

3. V. a. To derire: at 2, 9, 17 
with Objective clause, flalvum et 
(esse) cupimns [} 158] [akin to 
Sans. root kup, " to desire"]. 

cnr, adv, [contr. fr. quft re or 
cnirei] [$ H9] For what reason ; 
why; wher^ore. 

cQr-a, a». f. [for coer-a, fr. 
ccEr-o, old form of quaer-o, " to 
seek"] ("The sfteking thing" ; 
lience, with accessory notion of 
trouble, etc.) Care, car^ulne%s, 

correns, ntis, P. pres. of 

corr-o, ciicurri, cursum, curr- 
6re, 3. v. n. To run [prob. akin 
to Sans. root gni, " to go "J. 

cur-sns, sus, m. [for curr- 
sus ; fr. curr-o, " to run "] A 
running^ rapid niotion. 

cu8t5d-Io, Ivi 9r li, Itum, Ire, 

4. V. a. [custos, custod-is, "a 
guard"] To he a guardianto; 
to guard, protect, de/end, wcUch 

cii-tis, tia, f. (" The coverlng 
thing"; hence) Theskin [akin to 
Sans. root sku, " to cover"]. 

danmS,txi8, a, um, P. perf. 
pass. of damno. 

1. damn-o, ftvl, atum, are, 1. 
V. a. [damn-um, in the meaning 
of '• a penalty "] (" To bring 9 
penalty upon " ; hence) To coH" 
demn. — Pass.: damn-or, ati\' 
sum, firi. 

2. damno, dat. and abl. sing; 
of damnum. 

dam-num,ni,n. ("Thesub. 
duing or dami^ng thing " ; 
hence) Jlurt. harm, damage, in- 
jury, loss [akin to Sans. root dam, 
" to tame " ; Gr. Ban.'afa ', Lat. 
dom-o, " to tame "], 

dap-fi, is (Gen. Plnr. f^ems 
not to occur), f. (" A sacrificinl 
feast " ; hence) A rich feast, a 
magnificent banquet [akin to 5air, 
root of ddir-T<u, " to devour," and 
Baw-avTi, " expence"]. 

darem, imperf. snbj. of do. 

dfttus, a, um, P. perf . pass. of 

d6, prep. gov. abl.: 1. From, 
away from, out of. — 2. Dojrn 
from. — 3. Of or conceming. — 4. 
Of a number of persons, etc: Of 

dS-bSo, b&i, bTtnm, bcre, 2. 
V. a. [contr. fr. de-h&b&o ; fr. do, 
«from"; habfio, " to havo "] 
(" To have, or hold, from " a 
person ; hence) 1, To owe. — 2. 
With Inf.: To be bound to do, 
etc.\ I, etc, ought to do, etc. — 
Pass. : dS-bSor, bltus Eum, 

dSceptus, a, um, P. perf. 
paf«. of declplo. 

de-certo, ccrtavl, certatum^ 
certare, 1. v. n. [dS, in "in- 
tensive " force ; certo, " to con- 
tend"] To contend, or fight, 
eamestly or violently, 

d6-cido, cldi, no sup., cTdSre, 
3. V. n. [for de-cado ; fr. de ; 
cado, " to fall "] 1. [dg, " down 
from "] To fall down or dottn 
from; to fall oiT:— sometimes 



with Dat. [§ 107]. — 2. [de, 
*' down "] To fall <Jr sink down. 

dSc-Xmus, Ima» Imum, adj. 
[d6c-em,«ten"] Tenth. 

d6-cXpIo, cepi, ceptum, cTpSre, 
8. V. a. [for de-c&plo ; fr. de, in 
"intensive" force; capio, "to 
take "] (" To take thoroughly "; 
hence) To beguile, deceioe, cheat: 
— with decepta at 1, 4, 4, supply 
est [§ 168].— Pas3. : d6-cXpXor, 
ccptos sum, cTpi. 

dSc-or, 6ris, m. [dec-et, " it 
is becoming "] (" That which is 
becoming" ; hencc) ComelinesSf 
elegancCf heauty, 

d6-cui*rOt curri and cucnrri, 
cursum, currBre, 3. v. n. [de, 
*• down " ; curro, " to run "] To 
rnn doum. 

dS-dScns, dSooris, n. [dS, in 
"negative" force; d6cus, "that 
which ia becoming"] ("That 
which is unbecoming " ; lionce) 
Dishonoui-f disgracef in/amyt 

dSdSram, dSdlssem, pla- 
perf . ind. and subj. of do. 

dSdi, perf. ind. of do. 

d8dXtTis, a, um, P. perf. pass. 
of dedo. 

dS-dO, dldi, dltum, dcrc, 3. 
V. a. (de, "awayfrora"; do, " to 
put "] (" To put away or romove 
from" one'a self ; hence) 1, To 
give upf surrender, yield—2. To 
devote to a pursuit, etc.—^Paas.: 
de-dor, dttus sum, di. 

dS-duco, dnxi, ductnm, dOc- 
6re, 3. v. a. [de, " down'' ; dQco, 
" to lead "] To lead, conduct, or 
bring dotcn to a place. — Pasa.: 
dS-dtlcor, ductns sum, dQci. 

dSfectus, a, um : 1. P. perf. 
pass. of deficio. — 2. Pa.: WeaJk- 
ened, tteak, feeble. 

d6-flclo, feci, fectum, flcPro, 
3. V. a. [for de-faoTo ; fr. de, 
" away from " ; faclo, " to make "] 
(" To make " one's self be " aw.iy 
or removed from" a thing; 

honce) To desert^ leave, forsake, 
fail.—Paas.: de-fXdor, fectua 
sum, flci. 

dSgo, dSgi, no sup., degere, 3. 
V. a. [contr. fr. dc-&go; fr. d6, 
in "augmentative" force; ftgo, 
" to pass" time] Topass, or spend, 
time, Hc. 

dein ; see deinde. 

dS-inde (in poets dissyll. ; 
apocopated de-in), adv. [dS, 
" from " ; inde, " thenoe "] 
(" From thence " ; hence) 1. Of 
succession : Aftertcards, next in 
order,afterthat.~2, Of time: In 
the next place, t^erwards, a/ter 

deijectus, ta, tum, P. perf. 
pass. of dejicio. 

dS-jlcIo, jeci, jectum, jlc6re, 
3. v. a. [for de-jficlo; fr. d?, 
" down " ; jaclo, " to cast "] 1 . 
To cast or throic dotcn.^2, To 
kill, slay. — Pass. : de-JIcXor, 
jectus sum, jlci. 

dSlec-to, tavi, tatum, lAre, 
1. V. a. intens. [for delac-to ; fr. 
dcllc-io (through true root de- 
LAC), "to allure away"; hence) 
To delight, please.—Taas. : delec- 
tor, tatus sum, tari. 

dS-mens, mentis, adj. [d?, 
" out of " ; mens, « mind "] Out 
of one^s mind or senses; mad, 
foolish, siUy. 

d6ment-Xa, Ta), f. [demens, 
dement-is] (" The state of tho 
demens" ; hence) Insanity, mad- 
ness, foolitJiness,folly, silliness. 

demissus, a, um, P. pcrf. 
pass. of demitto. 

d6-mitto, misi, mlssura, mitt- 
6re, 3. v. a. [de, " down "; raitto, 
"tcletgo"] 1. To letyOT aUore, 
to go doicn; to lower, let fall. — 2, 
To send down. — Pass.: d6-mltt« 
or, raissns sura, mitti. 

d6mum, adv. At last, at 

dons, tis, m. («The eating 
thing " ; lience) 1. A tOQth.—2, 



Of a \7ild boar : A tusk [prob. 
Bhortcned fr. Cdens, edent-is, 
part. pres. of Sd-o, " to eat " ; 
akin to Sans. dant-aSf fr. root 
AD ; and Qr. b-Soik (lonic o-Swk), 
o-Soi/T-o?, fr. root «i]. 

dSpendens, ntis, P. prea. of 

de-pendSO| noperf. nor sup., 
pendere, 2. v. n. [d5, " down " ; 
pendBo, "to hang"J To hang 

dSperd-Ytns, Ita, ttum, P. 
perf . pass. of deperdo. 

dS«perdo, perdldi, perdTtum, 
perdgre, 3. v. a. [de, In ** inten- 
sive " force ; pexdo, " to dcstroy "] 
To de^ropy or ruiriy utterly or «»- 
tirely.—TasB.: de-perdor, perd- 
Xtus snm, peidi. 

de-ploro, pldravi, ploratnm, 
pldrftre, 1. v. a. [de, In "aug- 
meutative" force; ploro, *'to 
bewail"] To weep bitlerly /or ; to 
lament over^ lamenty deplore. 

dS-pono, p&siii, pOsItum, pon- 
£re, 3. V. a. [de, " down "; pino, 
"to put"] 1, To put, lap, or set 

doum 2. To lay aside.—S. To 

bear or bring forth, 

dSpressns, a, mn, F. perf. 
pass. of deprimo. 

dS«prImo, pressi, pressum, 
prlmere, 3. v. a. [for de-pr6mo ; 
fr. de, ** down " ; pr6mo, *' to 
press "] (*• To prcss down " ; 
hence) To sink deep^ sink to the 
bottom. — Pass. : dS«prImor, 
pressus sum, prlmi. 

dS-rSpo, repsi, reptum, rC-p- 
Cre, 3. V. n. [de, •• down " ; ropo, 
**to creep"] To creep^ or cratrZ, 

dendendns, a, nm, Gerund- 
ive of dSrldeo. 

dS-ridSo, risi, rlsum, rfdiTe, 
2. V. a. [d6, in •• augmehtative " 
force; rid6o, **tolaugh at"] To 
laugh atf moeky ridicule, deride. 
— Paaa.: dS-lld9or« rlsus som, 

de-sSro, sertli, sertum, serSre, 
3. V. a. [de, in ** negative" force; 
86ro, ••to joiu"] (**To disjoin ; 
to undo or sever " one'8 connec- 
tion with some object; hence) 
To forsake, abandon, descrt. — 
Pass. : dS*s8ror, sertus sum, 

dSsertus, a, um, P. perf . pass. 
of desero. 

de-sIdSo, sedi, no sup., sld- 
ere, 2. v. n. [for de-sedeo ; fr. de, 
*• down "; 86d6o, •' to sit "] (•• To 
sit do^vn" in a place ; hence) To 
sit idle; to remain or be inactive. 

dS-sid-8ro, 6rftvi, 6r&tum, 
Srare, 1. v. a. ('• To look eagcrly 
at or towards " an object ; hence^ 
To long for, earnestly wish for, 
desire [de, in •* intensive" force ; 
root 8ID, akin to Gr. elS-w, '* to 
see or look at"]. 

despezSram, pluperf. ind. 
of desplclo. 

dS-spIcYo, spexi, spectum, 
8plc6re, 3. v. a. [for de-specio ; 
fr. de, *• down " ; specio, *' to look 
at"] ("To look down at or 
upon"; hence) To disdain, de- 

destrictns, a, um, P. perf. 
pass. of destriiigo. 

dS-stringo, strinxi, strictum, 
8tring6re, 3. v. a. [de ; stringo] 
1. [de, in " fitrengthening " 
force ; stringo, *• to draw tight '*] 
To draw tight, gird up.—2, [do, 
•• along " ; stringo, •' to draw 
tight •* ; hence, *• totouch upon"; 
hence, ** to graze "] ('* To graze 
along " ; hence) To criticize, cen- 
sure. — Pass. : de - stringror, 
strictns sum, stringi. 

dS-snm, ffii, esse, v. n. [de, 
" away from " ; sum, •' to be ''] 
(**To be away from" a plaoe, 
etc. ; hence) Tobe wanting, to fail, 

dSns, 1, m. A god : pater de- 
orum, father of the gods, i. e. 
Jupiter [akin to Qr. 0cof , Sans. 
dcvo, "agod"]. 



d6«v8co, T5cftvi, v8cfttum, 
vQcfire, 1. v. a. [d§, " dowu " ; 
vOco, "to call"] To call dotcn: 
i.e. to bring, entice. 

d6v5r§,tiis, a, um, F. pcrf. 
poes. of dev5ro. 

d6«v5ro, voravi, vDratum, 
v5rare, 1. v. a. [de, "down"; 
v6ro, " to swallow "] Toswallow, 
or gulp, dotcn ; to detour. — Pass.: 
d6-v0ror. vdrfttus sum, vor- 

dlc-o, dlxl, dictum, dicSre, 3. 
V. a. (•• To show or point out " 
byapeaking; tience) 1. To speak 
or say; io tell: — sometimes fol- 
lowed by Objective clause [§ 156, 
3 ; Notes to Syntax, p. 142, (1)]; 
nt 1, 24, 10 Bupply esse with 
dlctum.— N.B. Some part of d!co 
is often to be supplied [$ 1C8] ; 
e.g. at 2, 4, 23, with quid multa 
Bupplj dicatn [§158]. — 2. Pass.: 
7b be called : sometimes with 
Nom. [§§ 93, (2) ; 87, D, a ].— 
Fass.: dlc-or, tus sum, i [akin 
to Gr. 6tiK'Wtii ; Sans. root diq, 

dlc>tiixn, ti, n. [dic-o, "to 
speak "] (" The thing spokeu " ; 
bence) A tcord. 

dlctus, a, um, F. perf. pass. 
of dico. 

dXdid, perf . ind. of disco. 

dl-es, ei. m. (in Slng. Bome- 
times f.) A day [akin to Sans. 
din, " heaven, a day "] . 

diffSro, distQli, dllfttum, dif. 
Ibrre, v. a. [for dis-fgro ; fr. dis, 
*• apart " ; fero, " to carry "] 
(" To carry apart, to separate " ; 
hence) 7b pttt off, delay, d^/er. 

dig:n-Xta8, Itfttis, f. [dign-us] 
("The quality of the dignus'' ; 
hence) 1, Worthiness, merit, desert. 
— 2. Oreatness, grandeur, dignily. 
—3. Worth, value, excellence. 

dlg-nns, na, num, adj. 
(" Shown, pointed out " ; honce) 
1, Of persons : Worthy, deserving. 
—2. Of things : Suitable,/itti"ff, 

proper, beeoming [fr. same aonrce 
as dico ; see dico]. 

dlllg-ens, entis, adj. [dilTg-o, 
" to love "] (" Loving " ; hence, 
" carefnl" of some object ; hence) 
Atlentice, heedful, diligent. 

dl-Ugo, lcxl, lectum, ITgSre, 
3. V. a. [for di-lBgo ; fr. di^dis, 
"apart" ; 16go, "to choose"] 
(" To choose, or select, apart f roni 
others" \, hence) To talue, or 
esteem, highly ; to love, 

DlSgSnes, is, m. Diogenes; 
a grammarian of Rhodes [Aio- 
yivi)^. " One sprung from 

dl-rXpIo, rYptll, reptum, rlp- 
6re, 8. v. a. [for di-rapio ; fr. di 
(=:dis), "asunder"; rapTo, "to 
tear "] (" To tcar asunder " ; 
hence) To plunder, spoil, rob. 

disc-o, dTdTci, no snp., dlsc- 
6re, 3. v. a. (" To beshown " how 
to do a thing, etc, hence) To 
learn, come to knoio [fr. same 
Bource as dlco ; see dlco] . 

dis-piito, pfitftvi, pfitfttnm, 
pfit&re, 1. V. n. [dis, "much, 
greatly " ; piito, " to think "] 
(" To think much or greatly " ; 
bence, as b resalt) To argue, dis- 

dis-eSdSo, sedi, sessnm, sTd- 
6re, 2. v. n. [for dis-sSdeo : fr. 
dls, " apart" ; 85d6o, " to sit "] 
(" To sit apart " ; hence) To 
differ, disagree, be at variance. 

diss51u-tns, ta, tnm, adj. 
[for dispolv-tus ; fr. dissolro, 
" to loosen asunder "] (" Loosencd 
asnnder " ; hence) Of moral char- 
acter, etc. : Reckless, Ucentivtis, 

distilli, perf. ind. of dlfFcro. 

dln, adv. fold abl. form of 
dles, " a day "] For a lcng time ; 
long.— Com p. : For a rery long 
time. W3f Comp.: dia-tlus. 

diatlns ; V. diu. 

dlver-sns, sa, snm, adj. [for 
dlvert-sns ; fr. dlvert-o, " to tum 



in different directiona •'] (" Turn- 
ed in different directions " ; bence) 
Different^ unlikey dissimilar. 

div«e0, Itis (nom. and acc. 
neut. plur. do not occnr), adj. 
/JtcA.— Ajb Subet., m.: ^ rich man 
[akin to Sans. root Div, ••to 

(U-vldo, Tisi, visum, vTdSre, 
8. V. a.: 1. Topart asunder, divide. 
— 2. To divide outf apporfion. — 
Fass. : di-vldor, visus tnm, 
vMi [di (=dis), "apart"; root 
viD, probably akin tn Sans. root 
BHID, •' to part or divide "]. 

divisus, a, um, F. perf. pass. 
of divido. 

divXMae, yamm, f. plur. 
[dives, divit-is, " rich"] (" Things 
pertaining to the dives " ; hence) 
Jliches, wealth. 

dixerim, perf. conjunctive of 
dico. — Vere dixerim, / may truly 
my, Inindependentpropositions 
the perfectconjnnctive is at times 
used, as vrell as the present, to 
soften an as^ertion, which wonld 
otberwise be in the present or 
f uture indicative. 

dizi, perf. ind. of dico. 

do, didi, d&tum, d&re, 1. v. a. 
To ffive: dare leto, (to give to 
death, i.e.) to ki/l, put to death, 
1, 24, 9.— PasR.: dor, dfitussum, 
d&rl [akin to Gr. 8i-8a}-fii, Saos. 
root dA]. 

dScens, ntis, P. pres. of 

d5c-So, tii, tum, ere, 2. v. a. 
[akin to dic-o, " to say "] To ' 
teach, instruct: nt 2, 5, 8 without 
nearer Object. 

d5c-IliR, lle. adj. [doc-co, " to 
teach"] That can be iaught, tcach- 
able, docile. 

doc-tus, ta, tnm, adj. [id.] 
(" Tangbt " ; hence) Learntd. 
WiW Comp.: doct-Ior. 

dSc-tiinentum, Qmenti, n. 
[id.] ("That which teaches"; 
hence) 1. A lesson or example. 

— 2. A warning.—3, A proo/, 

d51-or, oris, m. [d61-6o, "to 
be in pain "] 1. Pain.—2. (7n>/, 
sorrow, anguish. 

d51-58us, Ce&, oKum, adj. 
[dol-us, "craft"] Full of eraft; 
very cunning or deceit/ul; tricky, 

dSlns, i, m. Guiie, era/t, de- 
ccit [Gr. 86AOS, "deceit"]. 

dSm-Ihas, Ini, m. [either fr. 
d5m-u8, and so, " One pertaining 
to the house " ; or, rather, fr. 
d5m-o, and so, " The subduer," 
etc.] Master, ruler, lord. 

dSmns, 1 and us, f. A dwell- 
ing, house, abode. — After verbs of 
motion [§ 101] : d&mnm, home, 
Jiomewards [Gr. SoMOf]. 

dona-tIo,tIdnis,f. [don(a)-o, 
" to give or preaent "] A gi/t,pre- 
sent, donation. 

donec, oonj. Untilf iill ai 
length [§]52,ni, (1)]. 

do-s, tis, f. ("Tho giving— 
the thing glven " ; hence) A gi/t 
[Gr. 5(0-0- 

dtl5d8cXxn-ii8, a, um, 'adj. 
[dtsadficim, "twelve"] Twef/ih. 

dilb-ito, It&vi, Itd.tum, It&re, 
1. V. n. intens. [obsol. dub-o (fr. 
dtlo, "two"), "to move two 
waj^"] ("To move frequently 
two ways ; to vibrate to and 
fro" ; henco) Mentally : Todoubt; 
to be in doubt or hesitation; to 

dlic-o, duxi, dnctnra, dQcSre, 
3. V. a.: 1. To lead, conduct: 
ducSre nx6rem, (to lead a wife 
home, i.e.) to viarry, 1, 6, 3. — 2. 
To lead, carry, or take away. — 
3. Of life, itc. : To pass, spend, 
/rad.— Pass.: dflc-or, tus sum, i 
[akin to Sans. root duh, " tolead 

dum, conj. [akin to diu] 1. 
While, whilst, during the time that 
[5 152, II, (2)].-2. J[f sobe that, 
provided that^ to that [3 152. i., 



(4)].— 3. Until that, until [§ 152, 
ni, (1)]. 

dil-o, as, 0, num. adj. plur. 
Two [fivo]. 

dfi-plex, gen. dlipllcis, adj. 
[= du-plec-s ; for du-plic-s ; fr. 
du-o; plic-o, "to fold"J Two- 
foldy double, 

duratus, a, um, P. perf . pass. 
of duro. 

dur-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[dur-us, " harti"] To make hardy 
Tiarderi.—Taas, : dur-or, &tua 
sum, ari. 

durus, a, um, adj. ffard. 

dux, dtlcis, comm. gen. [= 
duc-8 ; fr. duc-o, *' to lead "] 1, 
A leader, — 2. A general, chi^. 

e-blbo, blbi, blbftum, Mb5re, 
3. V. a. [e (=ex), in " intensive " 
force ; blbo, *' to drink "] To 
drink up contpletely ; to drain, 

S-do, dldl, dltum, dSre, 3. v. a. 
[e(=ex),"out o»'forth"; do, «tr. 
put '.'] (" To put out or forth " ; 
henoe) To sendforthf utter, 

@diLcatU8, ta, tum, F. perf. 
of educor. » 

@dilc-o, ftvi, fttum, fire, 1. v. a. 
[edQc-o, in the f orce of " to rear"] 
To rear, bring up, educate bodily 
or mentally.— PasB. : edtlc-or, 
fttus sum, axi. 

effec-tus, tCLs, m. [for effac- 
tus ; fr. efflc-io, " to effect," 
through true root efpac] (" A 
doing or efEecting " ; hence) 
Execution, aeeomplishment, per- 

effSro, extfill, elatnm, efferre, 
3. V. a. [for ex-fero ; fr. ex, 
"out"; f6ro,"tobear orcarry"] 
To hear or carry out^ to bring forth. 

efiOrs-XeB, lei, f. [effl(n)g-o, 
" to form or fa^ion," through 
true root effig] (" A thing 
formed " ; hence) A iikeness, 

effOdiens, ntis, F. pres. of 

ef-f5dXo, fodi, fossum, fSdSre, 
3. V. a. [for ex-fodlo ; fr. ex, 
"out"; fodlo, "to dig"] ("To 
dig out or up " ; hence) Ctf dogs : 
To scratch up. 

ef-fClglo, fugi, fQgitum, f tig- 
6re, 3. v. a. [for ex-f ugio ; fr. ex, 
" away from " ; ffiglo, " to flee "] 
("To flee away from"; hence) 
To avoid, escape. 

S^l, perf. ind. of ago. 

8^o, Gen. mei, pron. pers. / 
[akm to Gr. eyw, Sans. ahaml, 

e-grSg-Xus, la, lum, adj. [e 
(=ex), "out of " ; grex, greg-is, 
" a flock "] (" That is out 
of the flock " ; hence) £zcellent, 
eminent, famous, 

^U8, Glen. sing. of is. 

S18gant-Ya, las, f. [elSgans, 
el6gant-is, "elegant"] Elegance, 

S-lIgOi legi, lectum, UgSre, 3. 
V. a. [for e-16go ; fr. 6 (=ex), 
" out" ; 16go, " to choose "] To 
chcose out, select. 

S-lfido, lOsi, IQsum, lad6re, 3. 
V. a. [e (=ex), " without force"; 
ludo, "to deceive"] ("To de- 
ceive " ; henoe) To dude, haffle, 

e-mend-o, ftvi, atum, Sre, 1. 
V. a. [6 (=ex), "from"; mend- 
um, " a fault "] To free frdm 
faults ; to correct, improre, amend, 

eminens, ntis, P. prcs. of 

e-mXnSo, mlnui, no snp., 
mlncre, 2. v. n. [e (=ex), " out 
or forth " ; mineo, " to project "] 
("To project out or forth"; 
hence) 1, To be conspicuous.—2, 
To be distinguished or eminent. 

e-m5rIor, mortfins sum, 
m5ri, 3. v. dep. [e (=ex), in "in- 
tensive " fbrce ; mSrlor, " to 
die "] To die out and out, to perish 

en, inter j . [§ 138] Lo ! beJtold t 
scei [^«']' 



Siiini*v§ro (sometimes 'writ- 
ten separately enim vero), adv. 
[enim, " truly *' ; vero, *' truly "] 
To be surej certainli/, indeed. 

8-Ot ivi or 11, !tum, Ire, v. n. 
To go [rooti, akin to Sans. root i ; 
Gr. i-eVai]. 

SpnSffas, i, m. An epilogue 
[Gr. eiriAoyof, "that which is 
spoken in addition " ; hence, " an 
epilogae "]. 

^•^[iiXdem^ adv. [e=demon- 
Btrative particle ce ; quidem, 
" indeed "] Indeed, truly. 

Sram, imperf . ind. of sum. 

ergo, adv. Htertfore, CKcord- 

9-rIpfo, rlpQi, reptum, rYpSre, 

3. V. a. [for 6-r&pIo ; fr. 6 (=ex), 
"away"; r&plo, •*to snatch"] 
2. To mcUch, take, or tear auay. 
— 2. To extricate, deliver, set 

err-or, 6rls, m. [err-o, "to 
wander "] (" A wandering " f rom 
the right way; hence) Error, 

S-nimpo, rapi, ruptnm, 
rumpSre, 3. v. n. [5 (=ex), " out"; 
rumpo, "to break"] To hreak 
out; tohurst 01 sallyforth; to rush 

es, 2. pers. sing. ind. pres. of 

e-sca, scae, f. [for ed-£!ca ; fr. 
ed-o, " to eat"] (" X^at which is 
eaten " ; hence) Food. 

essem, imperf. subj. of sum. 

est, 3. pers. sing. ind. pres. of 

SsiirXens, ntis, P. pres. of 

€siir-Xo, Ivi and li, itum, ii*c, 

4. V. n. desid. [edo, " to eat"; 
p. fut. esiir-us] To desire to eat; 
to suffer hunger^ to he hungry. 

8t, conj. : 1. And: et . . . et, 
both . . . and ; et . . . nec, hoth , . . 
aiid not. — 2. And too, and more- 
oeer [akin to Sans. ati, '* bcyond "; 
Gr. eV-i, " morcovcr"]. 

StYamy conj. : 1, And also, 
furthemwre, nwreover, likewise, 
2. Even [akin to Gr. ert; Lat. et]. 

dtlam - sl, conj. [&tram, 
"even"; si, "if"] Even if, not- 
withslanding, aWiough [$ 152, 
m, (2)]. 

ev&gatos, a, um, P. perf . of 

e-vSgor, vSg&tns sum, v&g- 
firi, 1. V. dep. [€ (=ex), " out or 
forth"; v&igor, "to wander "] 
To vander/orth or out, 

e-vello. velli and vulsi, 
vulsum, vellfire, 3. v. a. [6 (=.ex), 
"ont"; vello, "to pluck"] To 
pluck out, pull out. 

B-verto, verti, versnm, vert- 
6re, 3. v. a. [e (=ex), "out"; 
verto, " to tum "] (" To tum, or 
thrust, out" ; henoe) 1. Toover- 
turn, upset. — 2. ?b overthrow^ 
destroy, subvert, ruin. 

6-v5co, vScftvi, vScatum, 
vbcftre, 1. v. a. [e (=ex), " out"; 
v5co, "to call"] To call forth or 

ex (e), prep. gov. abl.: 1. Of 
place : a. Out of, from, out. — b. 
Away from.—2, Of a multitude, 
etct, from which a part is taken : 
0/, out o/.— 3. To denote the 
material of whlch any thing is 
made : 0/.—4. Toform adverbial 
expressions ; e.g. tx tequo, Equal- 
ly; 2,6,5. 

ex-cXdo, cldi, clsum, cldere, 
8. V. a. [for ex-csedo ; Tt. ex, 
" away " ; ciedo, " to cnt "] (" To 
cut away or ofl " ; hence) Of 
troes : To heio down,fell. 

ex-cIpXo, cepi, ceptum, clp- 
6ro, 3. V. a. [for ex-capio ; fr. ex, 
•* without force " ; cftplo, " to 
tako"] 1. To take, catch, capture. 
2, To receiue,—3, To intercept. — 
4. Tofollow after, succeed. 

excltfltns, a, um, F. perf. 
pass. of excXtor. 

cxcX-to, tftvi, tatum, tftre, I. 
V. a. intens, [excl-o, ** to call out 



or forth'*] ("To call out or 
forth " ; henoe) Of wUd auimals : 
To rotue or xare up. — Pass.: 
ezcX-tor, t&tns sum, tari. 

ezempliim, i, n.: 1. An ex- 
ample : sua exempla, (hu own ex- 
ample: i.e.) the example vchidi he 
himself set. — 2. An elucidaUon, 
instance, caie in point, 

ez-do, Ivi or li, Itum, Tre, 
V. n. [ex, "out" ; feo, '♦to gC"] 
To go out,for1ht or avcay : at 2, 3, 
14, with Supine in nm [§ 141, 5]. 

ez-erc6o, erctU, crcXtum, 
erc&v, 2. V. a. [for ex-arceo ; fr. 
ex, " out " ; arceo, " to inclose "] 
(" To keep or drive out of an in- 
closure"; henoe, "to drive on ; 
tokeep buay orat work"; hence, 
"toemploy"; hence) Topractue, 
exercise. — Pass. : ez-erc6or, 
ercltus sum, erceri. 

ezXSro, future-perf. ind. of 

ezX-tXmn, tYi, n. [exe-o, 
" to go away," through true root 
EXi] ("A going away"; hence) 
JJestruetion, ruin, hurt, mischie/. 

ezX-tns, tQs. m. [exSo, "to 
go out," through root EXi] (" A 
going out"; hence) A place o/ 
egress; an outlet. 

ez5raii8, ntis, P. pres. of ex- 

ez-omo, prnftTi, om3.tum, 
orn&re, 1. v. a. [ex, in " inten- 
sive" force; omo, "to deck 
out "J (" To deck out thorough- 
ly " ; hence) To adorn, decorate, 
dress up. — Pass. : ez-omor, 
orna^us sum, om&ri. 

ez-5ro, dravi, 5r&tnm, 5rare, 
1 . V. a. [ex, in " intensive " forcc ; 
6ro, " to entreat"] (" To effectu- 
ally entreat" ; henoe) To inote, 
prevail upon, persuade bp entreaty ; 
to gain by entreaty. 

ez-p6d-Xo, Ivi or li, Itum, 
Ire, 4. v. a. [cx, " out of " ; pes, 
pW-is, " the foot"] (" To get the 
loot out of " a snare, etc; henoe) 

1. To extricafe, disengage, set/ree: 
to clear /rom difficulties.—2. To 
settle, arrange. — 3. Impers.: Ex- 
pedit, It is profitable, advantage- 
oux, or expedient : with clause as 
Subject, 1, 18, 2 [§ 157]. 

ezpSrlendxis, a, nm, Oer- 
nndivo of expCrlor; at 1. 16, 6, 
experiendi is connected with cjus, 
which is dependent on gratia. 

ez-p6rIor, pertus snm, pSr- 
Iri, 4. V. dep. [ex ; perior, *' to 
try"] ("To try thoroughly"; 
hence) 1, To prove, put to the 
test.—2. In perf. tenses: To ex- 
perience ; to Inotv or prove by cx- 

ez-pers, pertis, adj. [for ex- 
pars ; fr. ex, in " n^g^tive" force ; 
pars, " n part "] (" Having no 
part" in a thing; hence) With 
Gen.: Destitute or devoid o/ [§ 119, 

ezpertns, a, um, P. perf. of 

ezpl5r9,tn8, a, um, P. perf. 
pass. of expl5ro. 

ez-pl5ro, pl5rftvi, pl5rfttum, 
pl5rare, 1. v. a. [ex, in " intcn- 
sive " force ; ploro, " to call out "] 
(" To call out aloud or greatly " ; 
hence, as a result, "to search 
out, examine " ; hence) To spy 
out^ reconnoitre. — Pass. : ez- 
pl5ror, pl5ratus sum, pl5r&d. 

ez-i^ro,8&rili, sertum, ser&re, 
3. V. a. [ex, " out or forth " ; 
s6ro, "to put"] 1. To put, or 
thrust,/orth or out.—2, To reveal, 
show, declare.—VasB.: ez-fldror, 
sertus Bum, sSri. 

ezsplrans, ntis, P. pres. of 

ez-splro, splrflvi, splrfttum, 
splrare, 1. v. n. [cx, " forth " ; 
splro, " to brcathe "] (" To breathe 
forth or out" ; henoe) To breat?te 
on€s last ; to die, expire. 

ez-ter (or ez-tfirns), tera, 
tSram, adj. [ex, "out*'] On the 
ouMde, outwardf extemai. 



(Comp. : ext6r-tor) ; Sap.; ex- 
tremus {or extlmus). 

ex-t8ro, trivi, trltum,t6r6re, 
3. V. a. [ex, " away " ; t6ro, " to 
rnb "3 (" To rub away " ; hence) 
To dash to jjj^w*.— Exterit, 1 , 23, 9. 
Observe the use of the present 
tense to represent a past action as 
now occurring, thus bringing it 
roore forcibly before the mind. 
Tbis is called the historic present. 

extrft, prep. gov. acc. [contr, 
fr. extgra, abl. sing. fem. of exter 
or extgrus, "outward"] ('*0n 
the outward part of " ; hence, 
*• outside of " ; hence) Beyond^ 
out of: extra ordinem, out of the 
usual eourse or order. 

extractns, a, um, F. perf. 
pass. of extraho. 

ex-tr&ho, traxi, tractnra, 
trahGre, 3. v. a. [ex, " out " ; 
trS,bo, "to draw"] To draw, or 
dmg^ forth or out; io extract, — 
Fass.: ex-tr&hor, tractus snm, 

extremnfl, a, nm, adj. (snp. 
of exter) (" Outermost " ; h( nce) 
Of time : Lated^ last. 

extiill, perf. ind. of effSro. 

ex-uro, ussi, ustnm, TirC-re, 3. 
V. a. [ex, in " intensive " force ; 
ftro, " to burn "] (" To bnrn up, 
consume" ; hcnce) Of the sun, 
heat, etc: To dry up by hcnt. 

f9.bel-la, lae, f. dim. [for 
fabnl-la; fr. fabul-a] 1, A brief 
narrative. — 2. A short fablet a 
Uttle tale. 

fa-btUa, bahB,f. [f(a)-or,«to 
speak"] C^The thing bronght 
about by speaking " ; hence) 1 . 
A narratioe, story.~2. A fable. 

faciendus, a, um, Qerundive 
of facio. 

fftcH-e, adv. [facil-is, " easy "] 
Easilp, with easp, without trottble 
cr difficulty. U^ Comp, : facll- 

Phced. I. and a. 

fac-Xlis, tle, adj. [Rlc-To, " to 
do"] ("That can be donej 
hence) Easpy nol difficult, 
Comp.: facll-lor. 

fS,cniu8; seefacile. 

fS.cIo, feci, factum, f&cSre, 3. 
V. a.: 1. To do or make; to effect: 
^6ro tantnm corporis, (to mak?: 
so much of a body ; i.e.) to acquire 
so inuch ^esh, become so large ; 
lucrum facere, to make, ovacquire^ 
gain: — at 1, 24, 4, supplyid after 
si faceres, ifyou did this : — some- 
times tobe supplied, as at 2 Epil. 
17,— 2. To practise or exercise. — 
3. To perform. — 4. Fass.: To be 
made; to bccome ;—B.t 1, 16, 1*J, 
with factum supply esse (inf. 
perf.). — Pass. : flo, factus sum, 
flferi [akin to Sans. root bhu, 
" to be"— in cansative force]. 

fac-tlo, tlonis, f. [filc-Io, " to 
take pai-t" withone] ("Ataking 
part " with one ; hence) A polit- 
ica\ party; a side, faction. 

factus, a, um, P. perf. of 

fall£c-Ia, tse, f . [fallax, fallac- 
is, " deceitful "J (" The quality 
of the fallax" ; hence) 1, Deceit- 
fulness, deceit.—2, A tricky arti^e, 

fallo, fefelli, falsnm, fallgre, 
3. V. ft. ("To cause to fall or 
stumble" ; hence) 1. To deceive^ 
tri-k, dupe, cheat. — 2. To escape 
the notice or dbservation of a per- 
son.— Pass.: fallor, falsus snm, 
falli [akin to Gr. v^clKXm ; and to 
Sans. root sphal, " to tremble," 
in causative force]. 

fal-sus, sa, sum, adj. [for fall- 
Bus; fr. fall-o, "to deceive"] 
(" Deceptive " ; hence) False. 

fama, 88, f. (" That which is 
spoken or said"; hence) 1. A 
report. — 2. Fame, charactrr. — 3. 
Reputation, renown [«^17/11}]. 

fSme-lXcus, Hca, Ilcum, adj. 
[fames,(uncontracted gen.) fame- 
is, "hunger"] ("Pertainhig to 




/ames"; henco) Suffering from 
hunger, famished, starved. 

f&-me8, mis, f. [for fag-mes] 
("That which eats or is vorac- 
ions " ; hence) Hunger [akin to 
Gr. ^ay-flv ; and Sans. root 
BHAKSH, "toeat"], 

fftmU-Xa, Ite, f. [for famnl-ia ; 
fr.famul-ns, " aservant"] ("The 
thing pertaining tothe/flfWi«/M4"; 
hence) A household eatablishment ; 
servants, domestics. 

fastuSf us, m. Scornfiil con- 
tempt of others ; arrogance. 

f&t-aliSi ale, adj. [fat-um, 
"fate"] Of, or pertaining to, 
fate; fated, decreed hyfate. 

fa-tum, ti, n. [f (a)-or^ " to 
speak"] (" The thiug spoken" ; 
hence) Destiny, Iot,fate. 

fauce ; v. fauces. 

fanc-es, lum, f. plur. (the 
abl. sing. fauce occnrs in the 
poets) (" The eating things " ; 
hence) ITie throat, gullet [akin to 
Gr. ^ayelv, and Saus. root 
BHAKSH, "toeat"]. 

f3,v-8o, fivvi, fautum, fSvere, 
2. V. n. With Dat. f§ 106, (3)] 
To hefavourahle to ; to Se tcell dis- 
posed or inclinedto; tofavour, be- 

fax, facis, f. (" The shining, 
br brilliant, thing"; hence) A 
torch, ftambeau [akin to Gr. 0a- 
etVw, and Sans. root bha, " to 
shine or be splendid "]. 
. fgci, perf. ind. of fado. 
' fgfelU, perf. ind. of fallo. 

f@lic-Xtas, Itatis, f. [fclix, 
felic-is, "fortunato"] ("The 
quality 07*conditlon of the felix "; 
hence) Goodfortune, good luck, 
. fSlis (feles), is, f. A cat. 

fg-m^a, mlnae, f . [fe-o, " to 
produce"] ("She that produces 
or brings f orth " ; hence) A fe- 
male, a ttoman. 

fdn-estra, estrae, f. ("The 
accompllsher of showing " ; 
hence) A tcindou) /akiu to Gr. 

root ^av, in ^a(i)v-iii, " toshow "; 
and Sans. root bhA ; see faxj. 

fSra, SB ; see ferus. 

fdrens, ntis, P. pres. of fero. 

f8r-o, tQli, ia.tum, ferre, 3. 
V. a.: 1, To hear^to carry.—2, To 
bear, submit to, put up teith, suffer, 
tolerate, endure.—Z, Of aid : To 
cariTf, bring, render.—A, Pass. : 
a. To be accounted, held, deemed, 
etc. — b. To be reported [akin to 
Gr. (^epo), alao to Sans. root rmi;i ; 
tfll-i is formed fr. root ixx or 
TOL, whence tol-lo ; la-tum=tla- 
tum, akin to TXa-ia'^. 

ferrem, imperf. subj. of fero. 

ferrum, i, n. : l. Jron.—2, 
An iron implement of any kind ; 
esp. a stpord. 

fdr-ns, a, nm, adj. Wdd.— 
As Subst.: ferus, i, m.; fera, 
se, f.: 1. A tcHd animal; a tcild 
beast. — 2. An animal not in a 
domcsticatcd state [Gr. di^p, in 
MoMc diaJect ^rip, " a wild 

fessus, a, nm, aij. [akin to 
fatiscor] ^Vearied, tceary. 

fe-tus, tus, m. [fe-o, " to pro- 
duce "] (" A producing or bring 

ingforth"; hence) 1, Offspring, 
young ones, prcgeny, hrood. — 2. 
Of dogs : A litter.—3, Of hogs : 
A farroiD or Utter. 

fictus, a, ura : 1. Perf. i)ass. 
of fingo. — 2. Pa. : Feigned, fic- 

fYd-eiis, ele, adj. [fid-os, 
" faith "] (" Of, or belonging to, 
^des "; hence) That niay be trusfed 
or relied on; trusty, trusticorthy, 
faUhful, sincere. 

fld-es, 6i, f . [fid-o, " to trust "] 
Trust,faUh, credit, belief. 

fl(n)g:-o, finxl, fictum, finggre, 
3. V. a. : 1 , Toform, shape,fashion . 
—2. To adom. — 3. To contrive, 
devise, invent, feign, — Pass.: 
fi(n)g-or, fictus 8nm,flngi [root 
Fio, prob. akin to Gr. fliy, root 
of 9iy-Ydi'w, " to touch "]. 



fln-Io, Ivi or ti, itnin, ire, 4. 
V. a. [fin-i8, " an end "] To bt-ing 
to an endfftnish.—Vass.: fln-Xor, 
Itns sum, Iri. 

fXo, flSri ; see f&clo. 

finmor, us ; see firmus. 

fir-miis, ma, mum, adj. 
(" Bearing " ; hence) Strongy 
Jtrm. 8^ Comp. : firm-Tor 
[either for fer-mus, fr. f6r-o, " to 
bear " ; or akin to Sans. root 
DHRi, "tobear"]. 

fiflcnB, i, m. (" A basketmade 
of rushes, twigs," etc; hence) A 
money-ba$ket; i.e. a money-bag, 

fi&S-ItO, Yt&vi, Itatnm, Itarc, 
1. V. a. intens. ("To bum for" 
any object; hence) To demand 
eamestlp or eagerlij; to press or 
importune a person. — Pass. : 
fid.e*Xtor, Itatus sum, Itari, 
[akm to Gr. ^Aey-fci, "tobuni"]. 

fiam-ma, mae, f . (" The burn- 
ing thing"; hence) Aflame [for 
fleg-ma, fr. ^Aey-w, " to biun "]. 

fie-bms, blle, adj. [fl5-o, " to 
lament "J Lamentahle, moumful, 

fiS-O, flevi, flCtuni, flere, 2. 
V. a. To veepfor or over; to la- 
ment, bewail, deplore [Gr. <^Ae-b), 

fie-tus, tus, m. [fle-o, "to 
weep"] 1,: a. A iceeping. — b. 
Tears.—2, A lamentation. 

fiexus, fis, m. [for flect-sus ; 
fr. flect-o, " to bend"] 1. A bend- 
ing, tuming, winding. — 2. A cir- 
cuitous route or wai/. 

fiCr-So, fti, no sup., ere, 2. 
V. n. [flos, flor-is, "a flower"] 
(" To flower " ; hence) To be in a 
Jlourishing or prosperous condi- 
tion; -to flourish; to be eminent, 
disUnguished, or conspicuous. 

fifl-men, mlnis, n. [flu-o, " to 
flow'*J ("That which flows" ; 
hence) 1, Fiowing or running 
teater, a stream.—2, A rivei\ 

fifiv-Ins, Ii»m. [for flugv-iufs ; 
fr, fluo, *• to flow," through root 

FLL6V] (" The flowing thing " ; 
hence) A ricer. 

fdd-Xo« f<xii, fossum, fOdCrc, 
3. V. a. (" To make a pit," etc; 
hence) To dig [akin to Gr. /36d- 
po?, Pv9-6i, " a pit," etc.]. 

fced-us, Sris, n. [for fid-ns; 
fr. fid-o, " to trust"] (" A trust- 
ing"; henco) A leagiie, trealy, 

fon-8, tis, m. [prob. for fund-s ; 
fr. fund-o] (" A pourlng forth " ; 
" that which pours itself forth " ; 
hence) A spring,/ountain. 

fSras, adv. ("To the doors" ; 
hence) Out of doors, forth, oitt 
[akin to foris]. 

f6rem=e5>8em, imperf. Eubj. 
of sum. 

f5r-l8, is, f. A door [akin to 
Gr. Ovp-a, Sans. dvdr, or dfdr-a]. 

form-5su8, osa, osuni, adj. 
[form-a, " forra, beauty "] (" FuU 
of/orma"; hence) Fineiyformed, 
beautiful, handsome. 

1, for-s, tis, f. [probably for 
fer-s, fr. fer-o] ("A bringing''; 
— " that which brings " ; hence) 
CTiance, casualty, Aap.— Adverbial 
expressions : a. Fors (= fors sit, 
chance may be; i.e.) perchance, 
peradveniure, perhaps.—h, Forte 
(abl.), By chance or accident ; ac- 

2. fors ; sce 1. fors. 
fors-an, adv. [elliptically for 

fors sit an, " whether there be a 
chance "] Perchance, perhaps. 

forte ; ece 1. fors. 

fortlor, us ; v. fortis. 

for-tis, te, adj.: 1. Couragc- 
otis, daring, bold, brave. — As 
Subet. : fortes, Inm, m. phir. 
77ie brave or bold. — 2. Strong, 
poioerful. — 3. Of the standing of 
a thing: Finn. BS" Comp. : 
fort-Ior [somctimes rcferrcd to 
f6r-o, " to bear " ; sometimes to 
Sans. root DHRian, " to be cour- 
ageous, to dare "]. 

fort-tlltus, Oitai Gltum, adj. 




[fort-e] That takts place hy chance ; 
casualf accidental, fortuUous. 

fort*fU>a, Onse, f. [fors, fort- 
is, " chance"] (" That whlch ap- 
pertains to /or« •';' hence) 1. 
C%anc«, hap^ luck^ /ortune, 
whether good or bad.— 2. Ter- 
sonified : The goddess Fovtune, 

f5v-da, Sae, f. [for fod-ea ; 
fr. fod-io, " to dig "] (" A dng 
thing"; hencc) 1. A pit,—2. A 

f5v-do, fOvi, f5tnm, f3v5re, 2. 
V. a.: 1, 7b trarm, keep warm. — 
2. To cjterisfiy/oster, 

firftter, tris, ni. A brother 
[akln to Sans. bhrdtrt], 

firancUL-tor, tdris, m. [fraud- 
(a)-o, "to deoeive, cheat "] A 
deceiver, cheat, defrauder, 

firatis, fraudis, f. Deceit, de- 

firazXnus, i, f. An ash tree, 

fi:S«num, ni, n. (in plur. m. 
and n. fre-ni and fre-na) (" The 
holding or restraining thing " ; 
hence) 1, A bit or curb.-2, A 
bridle, inclnding bit, head-piece, 
and reins [akin to Sans. root 
J)HRI, " to liold "]. 

1. frons, frondls, f. A lea/.— 
Sing. in collective force : Leaves. 

2. firo«ns, ntis, f. Tlie /ore- 
head or broic [akin to Sans. bhrii, 
Gr. 6-<^pu-9]. 

firildre, pres. imperat. of 

firti-or, frnctns snm. frni, 3. 
V. dep. With Abl. [§ 11 9, a] : To 
tlerite er^oyment froni a thing; 
to enjoy, to delight in [root pru or 
FRua, akin to Sans. root biiuj, 

finutra, adv. [akin to f raudo] 
(" In a deoeived manner "; hence) 
Without effeet, in vain, to no pur- 

fimstnm, i, n. A piece, bit. 

firtL-tex, tlcis, m. (" That 
u-hich sprouts forth " ; hcnce, 

"a shnib, bush" ; hence) A 
shrubbeiy, a covert [prob. akin to 
Gr. ppv-u, " to spront forth "]. 

fdSram, pluperf. ind. of sum. 

fiiSrim, ftli, perf. subj. and 
ind. of sum. 

fCLglens, ntis, P. pres. of fugio. 

fiig-Xo, fOgi, ffigltum, ffigere, 
3. v. n. and a.: 1. Neut.: To Jlee, 
1aleto/light.—2, Act.: a. Tojlee 
/rom, shun. — b. To /fee quite aieay 
/rom, to escape [akin to <^vy, root 
of fftevyu), " to flee " ; also to 
I Sans. root bhuj, " to bend " ; 
i Pass. in reflexive force, " to bend 
one'8self "]. 

f!ig:i8sem, plnperf. snbj. of 

fii^-to, tSvi, t&tnro, t&re, 1. 
V. a. lutens. [f Qg-Io] Tojlee away 
/rom ; to avoid, shun. 

ftig-O, avi, atum, &rc, 1. v. a. 
[f ug-a, " flight "] To cause to /fee; 
to put to Jligfit; to rout; to drice 
or chase atray. —Paas.: ftlg-or, 
&tus sum, d.ri. 

fiiissem, pluperf. snbj. of 

folmXn-Sns, &a. Siim, adj. 
[fulmen,fu'min-is, " lightning"] 
("Of,or belongingto,lightning"; 
hence) Murderous, destructire, 

ftmd-Xtus, adv.[f nnd-us, " tho 
bottom "] (" From the bottom "; 
hence) Utterly. entirely. 

fund-o, f udi, f asum, fnnd&re, 
3. V. a. To pour, pour out. — Pass.: 
fiind-or, f Osus sum, f nndi [root 
FUD, akin to xv-*»"'*» " ^ pouring 
out " ; vcii», " to pour out "]. 

fQr, ruris, comm. gen. (" One 
who steals" ; hence) A thie/[Ctr, 
^p : akin to Sans. chor-a, " a 
thief," fr.rootCHUR, "tosteal"]. 

fttr-or, Scis, m. [ftlr-o, "to 
rage"] ("A raging" ; hence) 
Eage, madness,/ury. 

fiir-tnm, ti, n, [fflr-or, " to 
steal "] (" The stealing thing " ; 
hence) The/f, 



fusus, a, um, F. perf. pass. of 

ftittlrus, a, um, P. fut. of 

gaudens, ntis, P. pres. of 

gaudSo, gavisus sum, paud- 
ere, 2. v. semi-dep. To r^oice or 
be glad that something is done, 
etc. [root GAU or oaud, akin to 
Gr. yriOfu, *' to rejoice "]. 

gaud-Tam, li, n. [gand-co, 
"to rejoice"] Joy, gladness, de- 

gSxu-Ytus, TtQs, m. [ggm-o, 
" to groan "J A groaning, groan. 

e6nSr-5sus, dea, dsum, adj. 
[genus, gener-is, "birth, noble 
birth "] (" FuU of genus " ; 
hence, " of noble birth, noble" ; 
hence) Becoming one of noble 
birth; such as one of noble birth 
tcould do, etc. 

gSn-us, 6ris, n. : \, A race, 
stock, breed.—2. Species, kind.— 
3. Iligh, or noble, birth [yeV-os]. 

gSro, gessi, gestum, gSrgre, 
3. V. a.: To bear or carrp. 

gl5r-Ia, laJ, f . [akin to clar- 
us, " famous, illustrious "] 1, 
Fame, renown, gtory. — 2. Vaunt- 
ing, vainglory, boasting. 

gl5rX-5su8, osa, osum, adj. 
[id.] ("FuU of gloria"; hence) 
Famous, famed, renowned, glori- 

gr&c-illus, tili, m. [fr. the 
natural sound "gi-ac"] ("That 
which makes the sound grac " ; 
hence) Ajackdaic. 

gr^d-ns, Os, m. [grad-ior, 
"tostep"] Astep. 

Graec-Ya, te, f. [Graec-i, " the 
Grceka"] 1, The country of the 
Orccks ; Greece.—2. The people of 
Greece ; the Greeks. 

Grsec-iilus, Qli, m. dim. 
[Graec-us, " a Glreek"] In a con- 
temptuous sense ; i4 paltrv Greek. 

grammStXcus, i, m. A 

grammarian, a critic [Ypa/uifiaT- 

grat-Ia, Tjb, f. [grat-ns, 
"plcaMUg"] ("The quality of 
the gratus" ; hence) 1. Favour 
shown to one's self ; esteem, re- 
gard, friendship. — 2. Favour 
shown to another ; conrtesy, kind- 
ness, obligation, service. — 3. 
Thanks, return qf kindness.—4. 
Adverbial Abl., with gen. or ger- 
und in di : For the «a*e, or pur- 
pose, of. 

gratis, adv. [contr. fr. gratiis, 
abl. plur. of gratla, " favonr, kind- 
ness "] (" Out of , or from, favour 
or kindness" ; hence) For no- 
thing; to no purpose or end; use- 

gra-tus, ta, tum, adj. Bc' 
loved, dear, acceptable, pleasing, 
agreeable : wlth Dat. at 1 , 25, 1 
[§ 106, (3)] [akin^ to Gr. root 
xap, whence ^''tP"^^'*^* " ^o rc- 
joice," xap-Toy, " pleaslng " j. 

gr&v&tus, a, um, P. pcrf. 
pass. of gr&vo. 

gr&v-is, e, adj. : 1, lleary, 
veighty, ponderous.—2, Burden- 
sonte, oppressire, grierous, hard, 
severe [akin to Gr. papv-s ; Sons. 
gur-u, for original gar-u, 
" heavy "]. 

gr&v-o, avi, fttum, arc, 1. 
V. a. [grav-is) To load, burden, 
iceigh down. — Pass. : grftv-or, 
&tus Bum, &ri. 

grex, grCgis, m.: 1. Of anim- 
als : A flock, herd, or droce. — 
2. Of birds: Aflock. 

gr-iiis, is ; v. grus. 

gr-us (gr-tUs), OIs, f. A 
crane [like yep-avo^, fr. natural 
sound GR or oer ; and so, in 
eithcr case, that which makcs 
the sonnd gr or ger}. 

giil-a, ce, f. [akln to glu-tio, 
"to swallow"] ("The bwrUow- 
ing thing"; hence) 7%e gulht 



ga8t*0, avi, &tum, are, 1. 
. a. [gustus, " a tasting "] To 



hS,b-So, ui, Itum, crc, 2. v. a. 
7'o hace in thc widesjt scnse of the 
word ; to fiold or posscss [prob. 
nkin to an-TOfiai, "to lay hold 
of " ; also, to &p-Io or ap-o, " to 
bclzc o/'grasp"]. 

hS,b-Xtus, itus, m. [hab-co] 
("The having or holdiug one's 
sclf, etc, in a ccrtaiu condition" ; 
lience) 1. Condition, stafe, habit; 
stalion oflife.—2. Dress, attire. 

hS,bti€rim, perf. subj. of 

hser-So, haesi, ha;sum, hair- 
<"re, 2. V. n. To cleave, stickfast, 

haud, adv. Not at all, by no 
means; nol. 

hau8-tns, tils, m. [for haur> 
tu3 ; fr. haur-io, " to draw " 
wator, etc. ; hence, " to drink or 
drink up "] (," A drinking or 
drinking up " ; hence) A dvink, 

R)erciile or Herdc, adv. 
[adverbial abl. of Hercules] By 

Hercules, is, m, Hercules; 
tho son of Jupiter and Alcmena, 
a celebratcd hero of antiquity, 
who, after having performed a 
series of wonderful exploits on 
carth, was ranked among the cel- 
cstial deities. He was the god 
of strength and the guardian of 
riches ; and also the president or 
guide of the Muses. Tho poplar 
was sacred to him. — Adverbial 
cxpression : MShercille, By 

heu, intei-j. 0?i ! alas ! ah ! 

heus, Interj. JIo! ho there! 
hark! hoUoa! 

1. hic, hsBC, hoc (Gen. hQjus ; 
Dat. huic), pron. demonstr. This. 
— Ab Subgt. of both numbcrs aud 

all genders : TIm person or thing : 
hsec inter, {between these things; 
i.e.) in ihe meanwhile [akin to 
Sans. pronominal root i, aspirat- 
ed ; with c (=ce), demonstrative 

2. hic, adv. [1. hic] 1. In this 
place, here.—2, Ilereupon.. 

hlems, fimis, f . (" The snowy 

time " ; hcnce) Winter, the winter 

I time [akin to Sans. himo, 

"snow"; Gr. xeiM"". "wiuter"'; 

Xilfia, " winter-weathcr"]. 

h-in-c, adv. [for h-im-c ; fr. 
hi, base of hi-c ; im, locative 
sufflz ; c=demonstrative sufflx, 
ce] (" From this very '* ; hence) 
l.Oftime: Fromthis very tUm, 
after tIiii.—2, Of cause, source, 
ttc: From this very source, from 
this cause, hence. 

h5-mo, mlnis, comm. gen. A 
human heing, a person; a maut 
tcoman [prob. akin to Sans. root 
BHtr, "to bc," and so, "tho 
being " ; usually referred to hum- 
us, " the ground," and so, " the 
one pertaining to the ground"]. 

h6nor (also, h5nos),dris, m. 
Ilonour, reputation. 

hord-Sum, fii, n. Barley. 

horrendus, a, um : 1. Gcr. 
nndivoof horreo. — 2.Pa.: Dread' 
ful, ft:rrible, fearful, terrific, 

hortatus, a, um, V. ixTf. of 

hor-tor, tatus simi, tari, 1. 
V. dep. To encourage, e.rhort, 
urge : at 1, 20, 4 foUowed by 
simple Subj. [§ 154]. 

hospIt-Xum, 11, n. [hospcs, 
hospTt-is, " a guest "] (" A thing 
pertaining to a hospes " ; hcucc) 

host-His, ile, adj. [host-is] 
Oft or belonging to, an enemy; 
hostile: at 1, 23, 8 hostile is put 
for dependent gen. hostis. 

hos-tis. tis, comm.gcn. (" Thc 
cating ono ' ; henoe, "a strangcr 



or foreigner"; hence) 1. An 
enemy, or foe, of one'B country, 
etc. — 2.=InIixiIous, A private or 
personal enemy or foe [prob. akin 
to Sans. root ouas, " to eat "]. 

hum-&na8, &na, 9,num, adj. 
[for homin-anus ; fr. homo, hom- 
in-is, " a maii"] Of, or belonging 
(o, a man ; fiuman. 

hiim-Sras, &ri. m. Ashoulder 
[akin to 6r. Sifx-o^, "a shoul- 

hiim-nis, tle, adj. [hnm-ns, 
"theground"] ("Of, <?/• bclong- 
ing to, humus"; tvBnce) Low, 
mean, poor, imignifkant, humble. 
— As Snbst.: htbxmis, is, m. A 
humble, or lotcly, person. 

htbn-us, i, f. The ground, 
soil, earth [akin to x^l^''^*-* " ^^ 

hj^dr-tis, i,m. A teater-snale, 
tcater-ierpent [Gr. tl8p-oy, " a 

ibam, imperf. ind. of eo. 

X-bi, adv. Inthatplace; there 
fakin to Sans. pronominal root 
I, with sufflx bi]'. 

Sc-O, i, tum, 6re, 3. v. a. (" To 
strike, smite," elc. ; bence, from 
the striking and slaying of thc 
Tictim) Of a treaty, e(c. : To make, 
/orm.— Pass.: ic-or, tus sum, i 
[akin to Sans. root agh, " to 

1 . ictns, a, tmi, P. perf . pass. 
of ico. 

2. ic-tns, tus, m. [ic-o, " to 
strike"] ("A Ptriking"; hence) 
A bloto, stroke, hit, stab, thrust. 

I-dem, &fidem, tdem (Gcn. 
cjnsdem ; Dat. eidem), pron. dem. 
[pronominal root i ; sufflx dem] 
("That, or the very, person or 
thing " ; hence) The same.—Aa 
Subst. m. The same man oxper- 

XdSo, adv. [akin topronominal 
ooot I ; but tbe formatiou is 

donbtful] For thal reason, on tlial 
<tccount, ther^ore. 

Xg-Xtnr, adv. [probably for ic- 
itus ; ig=ic, fr. pronominal root 
i; sufflx itus] ("From ihis" 
thing; hence) Therefore. 

i-gnavns, gnava, gnftvum, 
adj. [for in-gnavus ; fr. in, 
" not " ; gnavus, " busy, dilig- 
ent"] ("Notbnsy"; hence) 1. In- 
active, lazy, slothful, indolent. — 2. 
Cotoardly, dccstardly.—Aa Subst.: 
ignavns, i, m. A cotcard. 

i-grnotns, gnOta, gnotum, adj. 
[for in-gnotus ; fr. in, "not"; 
gnotus(=notus), "knowing, ac- 
quainted with "] Inacquainted 
teith or not knowing a person or 
thing. — As Subst.: ig^iotns, i, 
m. One tcho knotrs not a person or 

il-le, Is, hid (Gcn. illius; 
Dat. illi), demonstr. pron. [for 
is-le ; fr. is] That person or 
thing.— AsSubst.: Of bothuum- 
bers and all genders : Thatperson 
or thing ; he, she, it. 

il-UcIo, lexi, lectum, llc6rc, 
3. V. a.*[for in-lacio ; fr. in, " in- 
to"; lacio, "to allure"] ("To 
allure into" a plaoc; hence) To 
entice, allure» 

il-lido, llsi, lisum, liderc, 3. 
V. a. [for in-laedo ; fr. In, " up- 
on "; laedo, " to strike or dash "] 
To strike or daih vpon or agaiust ; 
(o dcuh. 

Xm-Itor, ttatns sum, Itnri, 1. 
V. dep. (" To makelike"; hence) 
To imita(e, to seek to resemble, to 
counterfeit [root IM, akin to mim- 

im-mlsc8o, miscui, mistum 
and mixtnm, misccre, 2. v. a. 
[for in-misceo ; fr, in, " in " ; 
, miscCo, "to mix"] ("To mix 
in" ; henoe) WithDat. [} 106, a]: 
1. To intermix, intermingte. — 2. 
With Personal pron. in reflexive 
force : To mix on€s self vp toHh 
or amontj. 



im-par (Gkn. imparis), adj. 
[forin-par; fr. in, "not"; par, 
" eqoal "] Not equal, unequal. 

im-pdd«IO) Ivi or li, itum, 
fre, 4. y. a. [for in-ped-io ; fr. in, 
"in"; pes, p6d-is, "a foot"] 
C' To get the feet in " something; 
hence, " to shackle " ; henoe) To 
hinde/\ detain, cltecfc, obstruct, im- 
pede,—Faas.: im-pSd-Xor, itus 
Eum, Iri. 

ixupS(Utiui, a, um, P. perf. 
pass. of impedio. 

impdr-Xmn. li, n. [impcr-o, 
" to command "J (" A command- 
ing"; henoe) AuthoHty, com- 
tnand, rule, tway. 

im-p^tro, p^tr&vi, petr&tnm, 
p£tr&re, 1. v. a. [for in-patro ; fr. 
in, " withont force" ; patro, " to 
perform"] 1, To accomplish, 
effect. — 2. To get, t^tain,procure: 
at 1, 21, 5 after impetravit supply 
ut fetum, etc. 

impSt-ns, Qs, m. [impet-o, 
"to attack"] 1, An attack, as- 
sault, onset. — 2. Violenee, vehem- 

im-p5no, pQsiii, p5sltum, 
pdnere, 3. v. a. [for in-pono ; fr. 
In, "upon"; pono, "to put"] 
To put or place upon ; with im- 
positurum (1, 17, 8) supply esae : 
mihi depends on it [§ 106, a]. 

im-porto, portftvi,portatnm, 
portare, 1. v. a. [for in-porto ; 
fr. in, " into "; porto, " to carry "] 
(" To carry into" ; hence) With 
Dat. [§ 106, a] : To bring about, 
occasion, cause something to one. 

impSidtnms, a, um, P. fut. 
cf impdno. 

imprdb-Xtas, Itdtis, f. [im- 
prob-us, "impudent"] ("The 
quality of the improbus " ; hcnce) 
Jmpudence, boldness, audacity. 

im-prObns, prdba, pr&bnm, 
adj. [for in-probns ; fr. in, " not "; 
probns, " good "] (" Not good " ; 
fience) 1, Wicked, bnd, vile: at l, 
24, 9, with mprobnm snpply 

eam, t.^. mustelam. — As Subst. : 
im-prdbns, i, m. A vicked, 
bad, or vile person. — 2. Cruel, 
/urious. — 3. Jmpudent, bold. 

im-prudens, prudentis, adj. 
[for in-prudeus; fr. in, "not"; 
prudens, " foreseeing "] (" Not 
foreseeing" ; hence) 1, Jnad- 
vertent, heedless. — 2. Jnexperi- 
enced, unwary. 

im^piidens, pUdentis, adj. 
[for in-pudens; fr. In, "not"; 
pudens, "feeling shame"] Not 
feeling * ^me ; shameless, im- 
pudent. BSrComp.: impQdent- 

imptLdent-S^, lae, f. [im- 
pudens, impndent-is, " shame- 
less"] (" Thequallty of the im- 
pudens'*; hence) Shamelessness, 

impfLa-e, adv. [imptm-is, 
" impunishea "] WUhout punish- 
ment, without harm or loss, with 

im-piito, ptltavi, piitatum, 
pntarc, 1. V. a. [for in-pflto ; fr. 
In, "in"; pGto, "to reckon"] 
("To reckon in or amongst' 
something ; hence, " to set down " 
to a person as a merit or fault ; 
henoe) To make a boast of, take 
credit to one's sejffor. 

Imns, a, um ; see infSms. 

Xn, prep. gov. abl. or acc.: 1, 
With Abl.: a. Jn. — ^b. On, upon. 
—2. With Acc.: a. Jnto.—h. Of 
time : (a) Unto, UHtU.—(h) l^or. 
C. Against [ci»]. 

XniiniB, e, atlj. ("Empty"; 
hence) 1, Worthless, vnprojfUablf^ 
empty. — 2. Vain,Iiaughty, insolent, 
proud, arrogant. 

in-cIpXo, cepi, ccptum, cTp- 
ero, 3. V. a. [for in-cuplo ; fr. in, 
"in"; c&pTo, "to take"] ("To 
take in " liand ; hcnce) 7b bfigin^ 
commence: at 1, 6, 2 " incipit " is 
the Historic present. 

incXtS,tns, a, um, P. perf. 
pass. of inclto, 



In-cXto, cltavi, cYtatnm, cYt- 
are, l. v. a. [in, " without force "; 
cito, «to set in motion"] ("To 
set in motion"; hence) To sti- 
mulate, spur on, incite. — Pass.: 
in-cXtori cltatuR snm, cltari. 

inc51-a, 8B,comm.gen. [incSl- 
o, "to inhabit"] An inhabitant 
of, a resident in, a place. 

in-cdltbnis, c&liime, adj. 
[in, "withont forcc"; oolnmis, 
•'safe"] &»/«, in safetyt sound, 

i-n-de, adv. ("From that" 
thing; hence) Of time: From 
that time, a/ter that, a/tericards 
[pronominal root i ; n, epenthe- 
tic; gnffix de (= 0e or 9ef, 

in-dXco, dTcavi, dlc&tum, 
dTcftre, 1. v. a. [in, " without 
force " ; dico, " to make known "] 
To male known, point out, s/iow, 

indign&nSi i^tis, P. pres. of 

indignSltns, a, um, P. perf. 
of indignor. 

indigrn-e, adv. [indign-us. 
" unworthy "] (" UnAvorthily " ; 
hence, "shamefully" ; hence) 
Jndignantly, with indignation : 
indigne ferre, to bear or put vp 
with a thing indignantly; i.e. to 
be indignant at something or that 
Bometbing is done, etc. 

in - dignor, dignatus sum, 
dignari, 1. v. dep. [in, " not" ; 
dignor, " todeem worthy "] ("To 
deem nnworthy " ; hence) 1. To 
be indignant.—2. To be indignant 
at, to disdain. 

in-digrnus, digna, dignum, 
adj. [in, " not "; dlgnus, " worth- 
y "] Unworthy. — As Subst. : 
indignna, i, m. One who is un- 
worthy ; an unworthp person. 

in-dflco, dnxi, ductum, dQc- 
Sre, 3. V. a. [in, "into"; dOco, 
"tolead"] 1. To lead into.—2, 
To move^ excite^ rouse, persuade^ 

prevail upon, inJuce 1o, — Pass.: 
in-dHcor, ductus sum, dQci. 

inductns, a, um, P. perf. 
pass. of induco. 

industrY-a, ce, f . [industri-us, 
" diligcut '*] Diligence, activity, in- 

Xn-Sd-Xa, I8B, f. [in, "not"; 
ed-o, "to eat"] A not eating; a 

Xn-erm-is, e, adj. [for in-arm- 
is; fr. in,"not"; ann.a,"arms"3 
Nol having, or without, arms or 
weapons, unarmed, d^enceless. 

Xn-ers, ertis, adj. [for in-ars ; 
fr. in, "not"; ars, "art"J 
(" Not having, or without, ars,'* 
in any employment; hence) /n- 
active, idle, indolent, sluggish, in- 

in-f61ix, feilcis, adj. [in, 
"not"; felix, "happy"] Un- 
fiappy, un/ortunate, vnlucky, mis- 

infSrlor. ns ; see inferus. 

in-f@ro, m-tiili. il-latum, in- 
ferre, 3. v. a. [in, " into " ; fero, 
" tobearorbring"] ("Tobear or 
bring into " a place, etc, hence) 
To produce, eause, raise : cansam 
inferre, to advance a pretext. 

in-f-8ru8, 5ra, erum, adj. 
[In, "in" ; sufflx grus, with di- 
gammaor f preflxed] ("Thatis 
in or within " : hence, as opposed 
to "sfipgrus") 1, Pos.: That is 
below, beneath, or undetneath ; low. 
— 2. Comp. : infSrlor, us. 
Lower; lower down. — 3. Sup.: 
Imus (also infimus), a, um. : a. 
Lowest.—\i. The lowest part or 
bottom of that denoted by the 
Subst. to wbich it is in attribu- 
tion— at 2, 4, 3, with ad imam 
supply quercum. 

in-fes-tus, ta, tum, adj. 
(" Striking against " ; hence) 
Hostile, inimical [prob. for in- 
fe(n)d-tus ; fr. in, " against " ; 
obsolete fe(n)d-o, akin to Gr, 
6«V-w, 0eiV-tij, "to strike"]. 



In-flo, flavi, flatum, flilre, 1. 
V. a. [in, " into " ; flo, " to 
blow"] («To blow into"; 
hence) To puff up, cause to swell, 
inJlate.—FQaa. : in*flox*, flatus 
sum, flilri. 

in-grSmo, g6mui, g5mUum, 
gemSre, 3. v. n. [in, "without 
force " ; gSmo, " to groan "] To 
(jroan, tnourn, lament. 

in-e8n-Iam,Ii,n. [in ; gen-o, 
" to beget " : — pass. : " to be 
born "] (" That which is born in " 
onc ; hence) 1. Jnnaie ox natural 
qualUy; nature, character. — 2« 
Natural disposition or temper. — 3. 
Natural ability, talent, genitts. 

in-grS.tii8. grata, gratum, 
ftdj. [in, " not '* ; gratus, " thank- 
f ul "] Unthank/ul, ungrai^ul. 

ini-tXom, tli, n. [Ineo, " to %o 
into " a place ; hence, " to enter 
upon, begin," through root ixi] 
A beginning : initio, in the begUi- 
ning,in the first place. 

injectns, a, um, F. perf.poss. 
o£ injicio. 

in-jXcfo, jeci, jectum, jlcCre, 
y. V. a. [for in-jaclo ; fr. In, " in- 
to"; jaclo, "to throw"] ("To 
throwinto"; honce) Offeelings, 
passions, etc. : With Acc. of thing 
QBd Dat. of person : To in/use into 
onc; to inspire one with. — Pass.: 
in-jIcXor, jectus sum, jlci. 

injurl-a, re, f. [injuri-us, 
" unjust"] (" The thing pei-tain- 
ing to the injurius" ; lience) 1, 
Injury, wrong, violence.—2, In- 
jurious conduct. — 3. Injustice. 

in-jastus, justa, jnstum, aclj. 
[in, "not"; justus, "just"] 1. 
Unj'ust.—2, Wrongful. 

in-n5cens, nOcentis, adj. [in, 
"not"; nScens, "hurtful"] 1. 
Not hurtful, harmless.—2, Blame- 
less, guiltless, innocent.—Aa Subst. 
comm. gen. : An innocent, ctc., 

in-n5te8C0, notQi, no sup., 
n0tesc6rc, 3. v. n. [in, " without 

force " ; notesco, " to become 
well known"] To hecome tcell 
known or notorious, 

inn5tili, perf. ind« of in- 

in-nozXiis, noxla, noxium, 
adj. [In, "not" ; noxlus, " Imrt- 
ful"] ("Not hurtful" ; hencc) 
Ilannless, inoffensive. 

Xn5p-Xa, Iae,f. [inoi», in5p-is, 
"poor"] ("Thestate of the i«- 
ops " ; henco) Poverty, toant, need, 

Xn-op-8, gen. InOpis, adj. [in, 
" not " ; (ops) opis, " power," 
"wealth"] 1. Wit/iout physicQ.1 
power; tceak.—2, Without wealth ; 
poor, needy, indigent. — As 8ub3t., 
m. A poor, or needy, person. 

in-quXn-o, avi, &tam, &re, 1. 
V. a. [for in-cun-o ; fr. in, 
" upon " ; cun-ire, " to mute " j 
1. To mute, or mate dung, upon. 
— 2. To poUute, contaminate, de- 
file, vitiate, corrupt. — ^Fass.: in- 
quXn-or, &tus sum, ari. 

inqnXo or inquam, v. dcf. 
To say. — When the words of a 
speaker are quoted, the verb of 
"saying," inquit, is commonly 
omitted ; see 1, 1, 6, laniger 
contra : sc. inqnit [§ 158]. 

insSqutitus, a, um, P. perf. 
of insSquor. 

insSrens, ntis, P. prcs. o£ 

in-sSro, Bcrtli, sertum, s&r&re, 
3. V. a. [in, "into"; B«ro, "to 
pnt"] With Dat. [§ 106, a]: To 
put, or introduce, into ; to thtnist 
in, insert, 

insId-Xae. larum, f. plur. [in- 
sid-eo, " to sit in " a placc] (" A 
sitting in or taking up a positiou 
at a place" ; henco, "mcn, or 
troops, lying in wait"; hence) 
1, An ambusli, ainJbuscade, — 2. 
Snares, deceit, artifice. 

insIdX-58U8, osa, 56um, adj. 
[insidi-as, " artifice "] (" FuU of 
insidioc" ; hcncc) Full o/ arlifice ; 



tunningt art/ul, deceU/ul, insid- 

In-0lgn-i8, c, adj. [in, 
"upon"; sign-nm, *'a mark" 
("That has a mark tipon" it; 
hence) Eminenty noted, reniarlahle. 

in-snio, slltli and sUli, sul- 
tum, sHlre, 4. v. n. [for in^salio ; 
fr. in, " upon" ; s&llo, " to leap"] 
To leap on or upon—o,t 1, 2, 20, 
strengthened by supra. 

In-s51e-ns, ntis, adj. [in, 
" not" ; 85160, " to be accustom- 
cd "] (" Contrary to cnstom " ; 
hence, " excessive.immoclcrate" ; 
hence) Haughiy, an-ogan t, insolent. 

instans, ntis : 1. P. pres. of 
insto,— 2. Pa.: Impendiflg. 

in-sto, stlti, stltum and stil- 
tom, stare, 1. v. n. [in, " on or 
upon"; sto, "to stand"] ("To 
Rtand on or upon" ; hence) : 1, 
2'o be close at hanil, to he very 
near.—2, To impend, overhang, 

In-stl8tus, stieta, sQctum, 
adj. [in, "not"; suetus, ''ac- 
customed"] Not accustonml, itn- 
accustomed. — As Subst. : instiSt- 
ns (quadrisyll.), 1, m. One un- 
accustomedf or unused, to a thiug. 
— 2. Not citstomary, unusual, 

in-siil-a, sb, f . [for in-sal-a ; 
fr. In, "in"; sai-um, "tbe sea"] 
(" That which is in the sea " ; 
hence) An island. 

in-sulto, sultavi, sultatnm, 
sultare, 1. v. n. [for in-salto ; fr. 
in, "upon"; salto, " to leap"] 
(" To leap upon " ; hence) With 
Dat. [§ 106, (3)] : To bchave t«- 
solently towards; toscoffat, revilc, 
abuse, insult. 

intel-Ugo, lexi, lectum, llg- 
6re, 3. v. a. [for inter-Iego ; fr. 
inter, "between"; 16go, "to 
choose "] (" To choose between "; 
hence) To see, perceice, compre- 
hend, understand. 

in-tendo, tcndi, tensnm and 

tentum, teudSre, 3. v. a. [in, 
" without force " ; tendo, " to 
stretch out"] To stretch out or 
/orth ; to extend. 

inter, prep. gov. acc: 1, Be- 
ticeen. — 2. Amongst or among, m 
the midst o/, amid.—3, Of timc : 
During, in the course o/ [akin to 
Saus. antar, " within "], 

inter-fXcXo, fcci, fectum, flc- 
6re, 3. v. a. [for intcr-facio ; fr. 
inter, " bctween " ; faclo, " to 
make "] (" To make " something 
be "betwcen" the parts of a 
thing; hence) 1. To destroy, con- 
sume.— 2, To kill, slay. 

in-t3ro, trivi, trltum, t6r6re, 
3. V. a. [in, "into"; tero, "to 
rub"] To rub, or crumble, into, 
— Pa£s.: in-tSror, tritus sum, 

inter-p5no, posiii, pDsItum, 
pon6re, 3. v. a. [inter, " be- 
tween"; p6no, " to put "] 1, To 
put, place, lay, or set between.—2, 
To insert in writlng, eic. — 3. To 
intei-pose an interval of time. 
— Pass. : inter-p5nor, pSsltus 
sum, poni. 

interpSsItus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass. of mterpono. 

interrSg&tas, a, um, P. perf . 
pass. of interrogo. 

inter-rdgo, rogavi, rogfitum, 
rSgare, 1. v. a. [inter, " withont 
force"; r5go, "to ask"] To asl; 
question, interrogate a pergon. — 
Pass. : inter-rSgor, rogatus 
snm, r5gari. 

inter-vSnlo, veni, ventum, 
vBnlre, 4. v. n. [inter, " between"; 
v6nIo, "to come"] ("To como 
between "; hence, with referenco 
to intervening space) To come up, 

intritus, a, nm, P. perf. pass. 
of int6ro. 

intiiens, ntis, P. pres. ofi in- 

in-ttiSor, tultiu snm, ttS6ri, 
2. V. dep. rin, "upon"; tfiCor, 



" to look "] To look uponf towards, 
OT at; to hehold. 

intiili, perf. ind. of Infero. 

in-fltlliB, uttle, adj. [in, 
"not"; atllis, " useful"] Use- 
less, of no use. 

in-vSnlo, veni, ventnm, v5n- 
5re, 4. v. a. [in, •* upon"; v6nTo, 
"tocome"] To conie upon, light 
vpon^ find^ meei with. — Pass.: in- 
vSnXor, ventus sum, v6n!ri. 

inventums, a, um, P. fut. 
of invenio. 

in-vXcem, adv. [in, " accord- 
ing to"; vicem, acc. of vicis, 
•* tum "] 1. By turns, in turny al- 
fernateljf.—^, Mutualli/f reciproc- 

invXd-Ya, Xse, f. [invld-us. 
"envious"] ("The Quality of 
the inHdus"', hence) Enry, jeal- 
ousy, grudge, katred, ill-uriU. 

invit-o, avi, atum, ai-e, 1. 
V. a. To ask, invite, give an invit- 
ation to a person ; to hid as a 

invltns, a, um, adj. AgrtUtst 
one^s will or inclinalion, uniDilling. 

i-pse, psa, psum (Gen. ipslus ; 
Dftt. ipsi), pron. demonstr. [for 
is-pse ; fr. is ; sufflx pse] (" The 
very person or thing already 
mentioned " ; hence) Self, rery 
identical.—As Snbst. : J/iniscIf, 
herself, itself: at 1, 24, 7, ipsos=s 

Ira, 0B, f. Anger, icrath. 

irildens, ntii, P. pres. of 

ir-rlddo, risi, rlpum, ridrre, 
2. V. a. [for in-rideo ; f r. In, " at " ; 
rKlSo, " to laugh"] To laugh at, 
ridicule, mock; to jeer or scof 

ir-rltns, rTta,rYtum,adj. [for 
in-ratus; fr. in, "not" ; ratu?, 
" ratifted "] (" Not ratified " ; 
hence, " of no effect " ; hence) 
Vain, uuless, of no ovail, in- 

i-8, 6a, id (Gen. ejus ; Dat. Ci), 

pron. dem. T/Us, that person or 
thing.— As Snbst. of both num- 
bers and all genders : Ihe person 
or tliing just nientioned; he, she, 
it. — N.B. The demonstrative 
pron. is often omitted before the 
following relative, esp. when it 
stands in the sarae case with it ; 
e.g. at 1, 1,7, fac&re, quod quSr- 
5ris for fficSre id, quod qu&r6ris 
[akin to Sans. prouominal root i]. 

is-te, ta, tud (Qen. istius; 
Dat. isti) [is ; demonstr. sufflx 
te] pron. dem. This or /Aa/per- 
8on or thing. — As Subet. of both 
numbers and all genders : This or 
that person or thing. 

Ita, adv.: 1. fhus, in this way 
or manner, so.~2, So mudi, so 
(xceedingly, so greatIy,OT to such a 
degree. — 3. On these grounds, 
herei/pon [akin to Sans. iti, 
" thns "J. 

It^-que, conj. [tta, **thus " ; 
qne, "and"] 1, And thus, and 
so. — 2. On i/iis,OT thaf, account ; 

Item, adv.: 1, So, even so. — 
2. Also, liketcise [akin to Sans. 
iWAawj, "so"]. 

jScens, ntis, P. pres. of jaceo. 

jft-cSo,cQi,cltum.ctTe, 2. v. n. 
(in causativc force : '* To be niade 
to go ; to be thrown or cast" ; 
hence) 1. To lie doien: witli 
(humo) Abl. of place '•where," 
1, 20, 3 [$ 121, Bl; so Ovid (M. 4, 
2C1) has sedere humo. — 2. To lie 
ill, to be sick or in sickness.S, To 
lie dead, to lie a corpse [akin to 
Sans. root ya, ** to go "]. 

jScIo, jeci, jactuni, jilcere, 3. 
V. a. [akin to jac-eo] ('* To mnko 
or canse to go "; lience) To throic, 
casf, flirg, hurl. 

jactans (jactltan8),ntis, P. 
pres. of jacto (jactito). 

jact-Ito, no perf. nor sup., 
Itftre, 1, v, a. [jact-o, *• to inake a 



show, or display, of "] To makea 
great «Aotr, or display, o/, 

jac-to, tftv{, t&fcnm, tfire, 1. 
V. a. freq. [jac-io] 1, To throie, 
fling, castf hurl. — 2. To move to 
and /ro; to toss about.—3, Of 
ppeech, etc: To pour /orth, give 
vtterance to, vtter. — 4. To maJ:e 
mention o/, bring /orward, some- 

jactas, a, iim, P. perf. pass. 
of jacio. 

jam, edv. [prob. = eam, acc. 
sing. fem. of is, "this, that"] 
Al this time, atpresenf, note. 

jdc&tus, a, um, P. perf. of 

jdc-or, atns smn, firi, 1. r. dep. 
[joc-us] TojokeoTjest. 

j5-cns, ci, m. (plm-. j6ol, m. 
or Jd-ca, n.) A jest or Joke; 
sportiveness of langnage ; pas- 

JSto, J5vem, abl. and acc. 
sing. of Jupiter. 

Jtlb-do, jussi, jussum, jtlbSre, 
2. V. a. To order, command, bid. 
^Pass. : jtib-dor, jussus sum, 

JQdez, Ycis, comm. gen. [ = 
judec-s, for jfidic-s, fr. judic-o, 
•• to judge "] A Judge. 

Jtl-plter , J5vis,m. (" Hcaven^s 
father ") Jupiter ; a son of S.atnm, 
and mythic king of the heathen 
celestial deities [akin to Sans. 
dpu, " hcaven " ; Lat. pftter, 

jiirR-Xam, li, n. [jnrg-o, " to 
quarrei"] A quarreJ, dispute, al- 

jus, jQris, n. (" That which *' 
morally •' joins or unites " ; 
henoe) Law, whether divine or 
hnman [akin to Sans. root TU, 

jns-jarandum, jQris-jQrnn- 
di, n. [jus, *' a right" ; 3Qr(a)-o, 
•* to swear to or respecting "] ("A 
rigfht to be swom to"; hence) 
An oath. 

jtusi, perf. ind. of j&b8o. 

JnBSTUi, a, um, P. perf. pass. 
of jtibeo. 

Jtivenc-ns, i, m. [jnvenc-us, 
••youthful"] ("A youthful ani- 
mal"; hence) A young hullock; 

Jtiv6n-i8, is, adj. comm. gen. 
Young, youth/ul. — As Sabst. : 
comm. gen. A young person ; i.e. 
a. A youth, young mcn.— b. A 
young girl, maiden : 2, 2, 5 [akin 
to Suis. yuvan, " young "]. 

l&b-or, oris, m. (" Tho act of 
acquiring or taking " ; lience) 
Labour, ioil [akin to Sans. root 
LABH, " to acquire " ; Gr. AajS, 
root of \aftpdvM, " to take"]. 

l&bQr-o, &vi, &tnm,, 1. 
V. n. [laborj 1. To labour or toil. 
— 2. To be in difficulty, danger, or 

l&cSr&tns, a, um, P. pcrf. 
pass. of lacero. 

l&cdr-o, Avi, fttum, ftre, 1. 
V. a. [lacer, "torn, mangled"] 
To tear or mangle by biting.— 
Pass.: l&cSr-or, fttus snm, ftri. 

l&C-ns, Qs, m. ("Anything 
hollowed out " ; hence, " a tank, 
a reservoir," etc; henco) A lake 
or pool [Aoic-fcof , •' a hole ; a 

laedo, licsi, laesnm, laedSre, 3. 
V. a. : 1, To hurt, pain.—2, To 
injlict injury or damage upon ; to 
injure, molest : at 1, 20, 1 and 
1, 28, 1, withoutnearer Object. — 
Pass.: Isedor, leesussam, IsMli. 

l<estlras, a, nm, P. fut. of 

Isesns, a, um, P. perf. pass. 
of laedo. 

laetns, a, um, adj.: 1. Oladf 
joyful, Joyons. — 2. Ot the soil, 
crops, etcr. Fertile, rich, abundant, 
luxuriant fprob. akin to Sans. 
root LAS, " to be bright " ; also, 



IftsSna, 88, f . A large vessel 
with neck and handles ; a flagon, 
bcUle, etc. [Qr. Xayrivoi}. 

lamb«o, i, ttnm, Sre, 3. r. a.: 
1. To Uck.—2, Of dogs: To lap 
rakin to Sans. root labh, whcnce 
Aa(/A)i8-av«u, " to take"]. 

lan-X-ger. g6ra, g&rum, adj. 
[lan-a, " wool " ; (i) connecting 
vowel; g6r-o, " to bear"J Bear- 
ing woolfAeecy. ^AaSnbet.: lan- 
iger, Sri, m. A tcooUy one ; i.e. 
a »heep, a lamb; 6ee inquio. 

I&«pi8, pldis, m. A stone [akin 
to Qr. Aa-a(, " a stone"J. 

larg^«e,adv. [larg-us, "abnnd- 
ant"J Abundantly, 

larff-UB, a, um,adj. ("Largc, 

grcat'^; henQe)) Abundant^plenti- 

ful^ bountifvl [prob. akiu to Sans. 

dirgh-a (for original dargfi-a), 


lass-O, Avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[lasa-us, " weary "J 7'o maie 
iteary ; to Hre, toeary, faiigue. 

IStens, ntis, F. pred. of 

l&t-So, tii, no sup., ere, 2. v. n. 
To lie hid, to be concealed [akin to 
\aO, root Of \aiv)9-dvti}}. 

l&t-Xbiilnm, Ibiili, n. [lat eoj 
(" That which bringa about the 
lying hid"; hence, "a hiding- 
plaoe" ; hencc) Of animals : A 
den, covert, lair. 

L&titom. li, n. : 1. LcUium; 
a countay of Italy in which Bome 
wos situate (now Campagna di 
Jioma, and a part of Terra di 
Laeoro).—2. The people of Lat- 

latrans, ntis, P. prcs. of 1. 

1. Ifttro, avi, atnm, are, 1. 
V. n. To biirt 

2.'l&tr-o, Onis, m. (" A hired 
servant or hireling " ; hencc) A 
robber: at 1, 1, 4 applied to the 

wolf [A^Tp-l«J. 

l&tnB, a, um, adj. Broad, 
wide, mST Comp. : lat • lor ; 

(Sup.: Id.t-i88lmns) [akin to Gr. 
irAarvf, Sans. prt/Ati]. 

landa-bXlis, blle, adj. [land- 
(a)-o] ("That may or can be 
praised " ; hence) Deaerving of 
praise or commendation ; laud- 

land&tns, a, um, P. pcrf. 
pass. of laudo : — land&tis, 1, 12, 1, 
abl. of thing compored, depeudent 
on utiUora [§ 124J. 

land-o, avi, &tum, &re,l. v. n. 
[lans, laud-is, "praise"] To 
praise, commend.—Pesa.: laud- 
or, fitus sum, &ri. 

laus, laudis, f. Praise, eom- 

lec-tor, tdris, m. [for leg-tor ; 
fr. leg-o, " to read"J A reader. 

lec-tns, ti, m. [for leg-tns ; 
fr. leg-o, " to gather or coUect"] 
("That which is-^e.g, leaves — 
gathered or coUected togcther '* ; 
henoe) 1. A b€d.—2, A couch, 

I890, legi, lectum, I&gSre, 3. 
V. a. (" To lay, or put, together ; 
to gather " ; henoe) Of the hair : 
Topull, oxpluck, out; 2, 2, 7. 

ISn-Iter, adv. [len-is, "gen- 
tle "J Gently, ealmly, quietly. 

len-tns, ta, tum, adj. ("£m- 
bracing, cUnglng " ; hencc) 
Siow, sluggish, tardy [akin to 
Sans. root li^'0, " to embrnce "J. 

I80, I&onis, m. A lion [Aewi/J. 

ISpns, I5pdris, m. A hare [^olic 
and SicUian Aeiropiv, " a hnre " ; 
akin to Sans. laghu, " light " ; 
and Sans. root langh, " to jump 

le-tnm, tl, n. (" That which 
melts or dissolves " ; hence) Dis- 
solution, dcath [akin to 6r. 6-Ae- 
Opo^, " destruction '* ; Sans. root 
Lt, "tomelt"]. 

Idv-is, e, adj.: 1. LigJU,quick, 
nimJble. — 2. Empty, vain [nkin to 
Sans. lagh-u; Gr. ^-Aax-vfJ* 

lex,15gi8,f. [ssleg-s; flr.l5g-o, 
"to read"J ("That which ia 
read " ; bence, "a bill," i.e, a pro- 



positioQ rednced to 'writing and 
read (to the people) with a view 
to its beiDg passed into law ; 
hence) A latc, statute, decree, 

libel-lus, li, m. dira. [for 
llber-lus ; fr. llber, lib(e)r-i, " a 
book"] 1. A little hook—2. A 
writing or composition of any 

llben-ter, adv. [for libent- 
ter ; fr. libens, libent-is, " will- 
ing"] Willingly; of one'iy etc., 
oton accord, 

lXb-80, tii, Itum, Sre (usually 
f ound only in 3rd pers. sing. and 
inf. mood), 2. v. n. 2'o please; 
io be pleasing or agreeable [akin 
to Sans. root lubh, " to desire "]. 

1. lib-er, 6ra,6rum, adj. (" Do- 
ing as one desires" ; hence) Free, 
vnresltnctedf whether of persons 
or things [akin to Sans. root 
LUBH, " to desire " ; whence, also, 
Gr. €-Aeue-ep6y, '* free "]. 

2. lib-er, ri, m. [perhaps for 
lig-ber, fr. lig-o] (" The thing 
which serves f or binding around " ; 
hence, " tho inner bark or rind 
of a tree " ; hence) 1. A book.— 
2. A tvriting, etc. 

UbSr-alis, ale, adj. [liber, "a 
free man"] ("Of, or belonging 
to, a liber" ; hence) Libcral, 
hountiful, generous. 

lIb-€Hf grorum, m. plur. (the 
fiing. only in late Lat.) (" The de- 
sired or loved ones" ; hence) 
Children [akin to Sans. root Luuu, 
" to desire or love"]. 

UbSr-o, avi, atum, are, 1. 
V. a. [llber, " free "] To free, re- 
lease, disengage, extricate. 

liber-tas, tatis, f . [id.] (" Tbe 
Btate or conditiou of the liber " ; 
hence) Freedom, liberty. 

Ucent-ta,Ta;,f. [liccns, liccnt- 
is, "actdng according to one's 
own will"] ("The condition o«' 
state of the licens'^ -, hence) 1. 
The acting according to one^soicn 

mll orpleasure; freedom, liberty. 
— 2. Boldness, unruliness, pre- 
sumption, licence.—Z, Dissoluteness 
of morals ; licentiousness. 

lig^n-Sus, 6a, 6um, adj. [lign- 
um] Cf, or belonging to, tcood ; 

lig-num, ni, n. (" Thnt 
which is consumed by fire"; 
hence) 1, Fire-wood, — 2. : a. 
Wood in general.— b. A log; sce 
1, 2, 20 [akin to Sans. root dah, 
" to consume by fire "]. 

li-mus, mi, m. (" The thing 
liquefied" ; hence) Mud, sliyne, 
dirt [akin to Sans. root Li, " to 
melt, liquefy," etc^. 

ling-ua, U8B, f. [ling-o, "to 
Uck"J ("The licking tliing " ; 
hence) A tongue. 

lintS-um, i, n. [lint-6us, "of 
linen, linen-"] A linen cloth, 

Uqu-Xdus, Ida, Idnm, adj. 
[liqu.eo,"to be fiuid"] Fluid, 
flowing, liquid. 

liqu-or, oris, m. [id.] ("A 
being fluid " ; hence) A fluid, 
liquid; tcater, 

liv-or, oris, m. [liv-eo, " to be 
of a bluish or lead colour"] 
(" Bluish or lead colour "; hence) 
Envy, maUce, spite, ill-tciU. 

IQctL-ple-s, pletis, adj. [for 
loco-ple-ts; fr. locus, (uncontr. 
gen.) loco-i, " landed property " ; 
ple-o, " to fiU"] (" FuU of landed 
property " ; hence) 1. Rich in 
lands. — 2. Rich, tcealthy, opulent, 

15c-us, i, m. (Plur.l6c-i,m., 
and 15c-a, n.) (" That which is 
pufc, placed, or situate " ; hence) 
A place [prob. akin to Gr. root 
Aex, "toput"]. 

long-e, odv. [long-us,"long"; 
hence, " far off "] 1. Far off, at 
a distance.—2, With Comparativo 
and Superlative words : By far, 
very much, greatly. 

long-Ior, lus ; see long-us. 

long-ituclo, ItfldTniSjf. [long- 



118] (*' The quality of the longus "; 
henoe) Length. 

longr-us, a, um, adj. : 1. Long. 
—2.Farqf,remote,distanf. U^ 
Comp. : loDg-Tor ; (Snp. : long- 
isstmus) [sikin to Sans. dirgh-a ; 
see largus]. 

15qn-or, 15qniltus or locutns 
8um, lOqni, 3. v.dep.: 1. Toxpeai 
or tay; supply esie with loqu- 
utam, at 1, 28,11, and cst with 
-ntus, at 1, 29, 9.-2. To 
speak, use speech [akin to Sans. 
root LAP, " to speak"]. 

15qntltti8, a, um, P. perf. of 

lfl*crnm, cri, n. [lu-o, " to 
pay "] (" That which serves f or 
paying"; hence) Gain, projit, ad- 

luC"tn8, tiis, m. [for hig-tns ; 
fr. Ing-eo, "to grieve"] Sorrotp, 
grief, lamentation. 

LucnlluSt i, m. Lttcullus ; a 
hrave bnt luxurions Roman 
genoral, born about b.c. 115. 

Itlo, IQi, IQTtum or IQbum, 
laero, 3. v. a. ("To loosen"; 
hence, "to pay " ; hence) Of 
punishment, e/c: To pay, suffer; 
see poena. 

ltlp-U8, i, m. A wolf [like 
Gr. AvK-of, akin acc. to some to 
Sans. root lup, " todestroy," etc, 
and 80, " the destroyer " ; acc. to 
otbers akin to Sans. ri-ika, "a 
wolf," fr. poot VRA(;;CH, "' totear," 
and so " the tearer "]. 

Inx, lucle, f. [=luc-8 ; fr. 
Inceo, " toshine"] (" That which 
shines"; hence) 1. Light. — 2, 
J)aplight.—3. The light, i.e. life, 
existenee, being. 

lympha, es, f. ("A water- 
oymph " ; hence) Water [nJ/x- 


mserens, ntis: 1. P. pres. of 
maBreo.— 2. Pa.: Sad, sorrotrful, 
mtiurnful. — In adverbial force : 
Sorivtvfully, etc. 

maer-8o, no perf. not snp., 
ere, 2. v. n. [akin to mis-erj To 
mourn, grieve, lament ; to be sad 
or sorroirful. 

mses-tns, ta, tnm, ndj. [for 
maer-tus ; fr. mser-eo] Sad, sor- 
rowful, mournful. 

m&gistr-a, ae, f. [magiiter, 
magistr-i, " a master *']1, A mis- 
tress. — 2. An instintctress. 

mag^n-Itudo, Ttadinis, f. 
[magn-ns] ("The state or qual- 
ity of the magnus " ; hence) 
Greatness, vast size, magnitude. 

mag-nns, na, nnm, adj. : 1. 
Great, large.—2. Of oost, etc. : 
High, great :— majoris, atahigher 
cost, etc. [§ 128,a]. WfW Comp.: 
major {i.e. mag-ior); (Snp,: max- 
imus, i.e. mag-simus) [root mao, 
akin to Gr. fiey-a^, BaxxB. mah-a, 
"great"; fr. root maoh, "to be 
great, to be powerful "]. 

maj-estas, estatis, f. [oLl 
raaj-us, " great"] (" The quality 
or condition of tlie majus " ; 
hence) 1, Greatness, grandeur, 
dignity, majes/y. — 2. Jlonour, 
splendour, excellence. 

major, us ; see magnus. 

mSI-e, adv. [mal-us, " bad "] 
Badty, not well ; see maledico. 

mSIS-dico, dixi, dictum, dic- 
6re (in tmesis, " male," ait, 
" dixisti mihi," 1,1, 10), 3. v. n. 
With Dat. [$ 106, (a)]: To speak 
evil of; to recile, abuse, asperse, 

mftlSflc <■ Inm, Ti (Gen. 
m&lgfTci, 1, 19, 1), n. [for male- 
fac-Tnm ; fr. m&ie, " badly " ; 
fficTo, " to do "] (" A doing badly 
or evil " ; hence) An evil deed, 
loickedness, offence, crime, bad 

m&16-flc-ns, a, um, adj. [for 
male-fac-us ; male, " badly " ; 
fac-To, " to do"J 1. Eoil-doing.— 
2. HuHful, injurious, mischievous: 
at 2, 3, 2 supply cani with male- 
lico. (ffdfiT Comp. : maleflcent- 



Yor ; Siip. : maleficent-isslmns, 
througb obsolete m&iefTcens, 
m&ieflcent-is, " evil-doing," etc.) 

toSJlAMb.'^ Itlae, f. [mal-us, 
"bad"] <"The quality of the 
malu»**\ hence) Ill-triU, malice, 

xnftlnxn, i ; see 1. malus. 

1. m&l-tis, a, um, adj. (" Dirty, 
black"; bence) 1. Bad of its 
kind. — 2. Morally had ; eril, 
vidted. — As Subst.: xnSIus, i, 
m. A bad, or vncked, person. — 
Plnr. : The bad, evU, etc.— 3. JHis- 
chievous, — As Subst. : m&lnm, 
i, n. Miachirf, harm, hurt, injury. 
~4. Adverse, unfortunate, calani' 
itous.—As Subst.: mlilum, i, n. 
An adverae or unfortunate thing ; 
a ealamiiy, mitfortune, evil [akin 
to Sans. mal-as, " dirty " ; Gr. 
|i€A-as, "Wack"]. 

2. xnfilus, i ; see 1. malus. 
manda-tnm, ti, n. [mand- 

(a)-o, "to enjoin"] ("A thing 
enjoined"; hence) A charge, 
commisiion, eommand. 

MS,-ne8, nlum (or Man-es, 
lam), m.plur. («Theworshipped 
ones," or " The benevolpntones ") 
The Manes ; i.e. the deified sonla 
of the departed. The term was 
applied by the Bomans to the 
souls of men after tbeirsepara- 
tion from the body. Thcse they 
imagined immediately became 
deities, and presided over places 
of burial and the monuments of 
the dead. Hence.thewordsDiis 
Manibus were engraven on 
tombe ; and to molest the ashes 
within them was considered a 
heinous offence against these de- 
ities; henoethewordsof Phaedrus, 
1,29,4. — They \jfere distinct f rom 
the LarvsB and Lemures, which 
were malevolent spirits [either 
akin to Sans. root mah, " to wor- 
Bhip"; or fr. obsolete man-U8= 

xn&na-brXimi, brti, n. [mHn- 
ns, uncontr. gen. m&na-is] 

Fhad. I. and n. 

(" That which is bome or carried 
in the hand " ; hence) A handle. 

mH-nuB, nGs, f. (" Thc mea- 
suring thing " ; hence) A hand 
[akin to Sans. root mA, " to mea- 

m&r-e, is, n. The sea [aktn 
to Sans. vdr-i, " water"]. 

ma-ter, tria.f.: 1. A mother, 
— 2. Of animals : A dam [akin 
to Gr. iii^-Ttip ; Sans. md-tri, fr. 
root MA, in meaning of " to pro- 
duce," and so, " the prodncer "], 

mfit8x*-Xa, lae, f. [mater, 
mat(e)r-is] ("That which be- 
longa to a producer " ; herce) 1. 
Matter, materials. — 2. Subject' 

me, acc. and abl. Bing. of 

mS-cnm=cnm me ; see cum. 

mSdXcin-a, 8e, f. [medicin- 
us, "healing"] The healing or 
medical art ; medicine ; medicin- 
am facere, to administer medic- 
ine ; also, to practise medicine. 

mSd-lcas, Xca, Icnm, adj. 
[med-eor, " to heal "] Bealing,— 
AsSubst.: med-icns, i, m. ("A 
healer " ; hence) A medical man ; 
a physician, 

mSd-Ins, la, lum, adj. : ]. 
Tliat is in ihe middle; middle. — 
2. The middle of that denoted by 
the subet. to which it is in attri- 
bution— at 2, 4, 2 with m&dm 
supply quercu [akiu to Gr. ficV- 

mSherotLle ; see Herculea. 

mSUor, UB, oomp. adj. (see 
bonns) Better.—AaSiibet.imSVi' 
ores, nm, m. plur. Better per- 
sons, one's betters. 

mSUtis, comp. adv. [advcrb- 
ial neut. sing. of melior] Better. 

mSmXn-i, isse, v. a. To re- 
member [formen-men-i ; reduplic- 
ated fr. Latin root men, akin to 
Sans. root man, " to think "]. 

mSmXndrlm, perf. subj. of 
memiiii.~The 3rd pers. sing. of 



perf. snbj. is sometimes nsed as a 
third person f or tbe present imper- 
ative :— meminerit, Ut him re- 
member: Prol. Book 1, 7. 

mend*ax, flcia, adj. [for 
ment-ax ; fr. ment-ior, " to lie"] 
Oivenj or prone^ to lying ; lifing, 
/alse, mendacious. — ^As Subst. m. 
A liar. 

monHedfl, sis, m. [root men, 
whence men-sus, P. perf . of met- 
ior, " to measnre "] (" The mea- 
suring thing " ; hence) A monthf 
as a measure of time. 

men*titor, tltus snm, tlri, 4. 
V. dep. (" To think or form in the 
mind " | hence, in a bad sense) 
To lie, speak/alsely [fr. samoroot 
os memini]. 

mer-ce-8, mercedis, f. [for 
merc-oed-s; fr. merx, merc-ifl, 
"gain" ; ced-o, " to come "] 
(*' That which comes as, or for, 
gain " ; hence) Jlirey pay, vages, 

Iderc-iirXns. iSrli, m. [merx, 
merc-is, " merchandise, gain "] 
(*' The one pertaining, or belong- 
ing, to merchandise," ete.) Mer- 
eury; the son of Jupiter and 
Maia, the god of merchandise, 
gain, traders, and thieyes ; and 
the conductor of doparted souls 
to the Lower World. He is said 
aLso to have been employed ns the 
messenger of the celestial deities. 

merg^, mersi, mersum, 
meigSre, 3. v. a. To dip or plunge 
in ; to immerse. — Pass. : mer g^or, 
mersus sum, mergt [akin to 
iSans. root majj, " to sink, to be 
phmged":— in cansative foroe, 
" to canse to be submerged "]. 

mSrlt-o, adv. [merit-us, " de- 
scrved"] Deservedlyjustly. 

mSr-itmn, Iti, n. [mer-eo, 
"to doserve"] ("That which 
deserves or merits" something; 
licnce) A service, kindness, bene^. 

mersns, a, nm, P. perf. pass. 
of uiergo. 

mSti&ens, ntis, F. pres. of 

mStti-o, mSttli, mStiltum, 
mStuere, 3. v. a. [metus, (nn- 
contr. Gen.) mBtfl-is, " fear "] To 
/ear, dread, be a/raid o/. 

mStns, Hs, m. Fear, dread, 

mS-ns, a, nm, pron. possoss. 
[me] 0/, orbelonging to, me; my, 

mXhi, dat. sing. of 6go : aome- 
times used as an " Ethic Dative" 
[§ 107, a].. 

milvlns, li, m. A iite, a bird 
of prey. 

mlnXm-e, sup. adv. [mlntm- 
us, "least"] ("In the least, or 
smallest, degrree " ; hence) By no 
means, not at all. 

mira-ctilnm, cilli,n.[mir(a)- 
or, " to wonder "] (" That which 
causes to wonder " ; henoe) 1, A 
toonder/ul thing ; a tconder ; a 
miracle. — 2. A prodigy. 

mirans, ntis, P. pres. of 

mi-ror, r&tus snm, rari, 1. 
V. dep. (" To smile upon " in 
token of approval, etc. ; hence) 

1, To voonderov be cutonished. — 

2. To iconder or be asUmished at 
[akin to Sans. root sm, "to 
smile "]. 

miscens, F. pres. of miscSo. 

miscdo, misctii, mistum and 
mixtnm, miscere, 2. v. a.: 1. To 
mingle, intermingle, blend, mix: 
— the thing with which the mix- 
tnre takes place is pnt either in 
the Dat. or Abl.— 2. To throw 
into con/usion, embroil, disturb 
[akin to Gr. tiCy-i^v/jii, tiiay-to, 
••to minglo " ; Sans. mi(-ra, 

Mlsen - ensis, enx, adj. 
[Mlsen-um, " Misenum " ; tho 
name of a promontory (now 
Punta di Miscno), harbour, and 
town of Campania, in Central 
Italy] Cff or situate at, Misenum, 



m^tfl-er, Sra, 8rum, adj. 
WreUhedt ur^fortunate, migerable, 
tuthappp: at 1, 6, 8 supply nos, 
i>. " ranas," with miseras. 

xnisi, perf. ind. of mitto. 

xnissus, a, nm, P. perf. pass. 
of mitto. . 

mitto, mlsi, misanm, mitt£re, 
8. V. a. (" To allow to go ; tocanse 
to go" ; hence) 1, To let fall or 
drop. — 2. To send, despatch. — 3. 
To throw, castyJHng, hurl. — Pass.: 
mittor, missus eum, mitti. 

m5<le8t-Ia,Jfe, f . [mddest-us, 
•• modest"] (" The qnality of the 
modestus*'; hence) Modesty. 

mdd-estas, esta, estum, adj. 
[mod-us, " bounds, limit "] 
(" Haying or with wiodi/*"; hence) 
1. Modesty dUcreet. — 2. Temperate, 

mdd-Ios, % m. [m5d-u8, " a 
measure"] ("The thing belong- 
ing to a modus " ; hence) Of 
quantity: A modivs; a Boman 
drymeasnre containing about a 
peck English. 

m5do, adv.: 1. Oi?7y, merely. 
—2, Of time : Just now, a little 
while ago, latelp.S, With Im- 
perat., with the attendant notion 
of request, ete.: Just, noie, Ipray 
you:^ee2,9, 8. 

m5-das, di, m. ("The mea- 
suring thing " ; hence, " a mea- 
sure or standard," by which any 
thing is measured, etc; hence) J. 
way, manner, method, mode [akin 
to Sans. mA, " to measure " ; Gr. 
fie-Tpovt *' a measure "]. 

m^l-estas, esta, estum, adj. 
TV-oublesome, annoying. — As 
Subst. : mSlestas, i, m. A 
troublesome person [akin to iioy 
€p<J«, " tronblesome"]. 

m5n-5o, tli, ttum, erc, 2. y. a. 
(" To cause to think"; hence) 1. 
To remind or put in mind of; to 
hring to the recollection.—2, To 
admonish^ advise, wam ; with nt 
with Subj. 1, 21 , 2.— Pas8.: m5n- 

5or, Ytns sum, eri [akln to Sans. 
root MAN, "to think"]. 

m5n-Itam, Iti, n. [mon-eo, 
"to advise"] Adcice, admonition, 

mSnXtas, a, um, P. perf . pass. 
of m5n&o. 

mon-s, tis, m. [for min-s ; fr. 
m!n«eo, "to project "] (" A pro- 
jecting"; hence, "that which 
projects or juta foith " ; hence) 
A mountain. 

monstrd,ro, fut. pcrf. of 

monstr-o, avi, atum, are, 1. 
V. a. [monstr-um, " tbat which 
warns"] 1. To show, point out. — 

2. To instruct, inform. 
mor-bas, bi, m. Sirkness, 

disease [prob. akin toQr./bi6p-Po$, 
" disease "] 

mores, um, plur. of mos. 

m5rXens, ntis, P. pres. of 

m5r-Ior, t&us sum, i or Iri, 

3. V. dep. To die [akin to Sans. 
rootMRi, "todie"]. 

mor-s, tis, f . [mor-ior] Deaih, 

mor-sas, sus, m. [for mord- 
sus; fr. mord-eo, "to bite"] ("A 
biting"; hence) ^ biting; theact 
of biting ; a bite. 

mort-ftlis, &le, adj. [mors, 
mort-is, "death"] 1. ()f,or be- 
longing io, death ; subject or Uable 
to death. — As Subst.: mort&lis, 
is, m. A mortal being, a man. — 2. 
Fatal, mortal. 

morttlas, a, um, P. perf. of 

m-5s, 6ri8, m. [prob. for me- 
os ; fr. me-o, " to go "] (" The 
going" one's own way; hence, 
" the will " of a person ; " ca- 
price,"«te.; henco) l,Usctge,habit, 
practice, etc. — 2. Plur. : Char^ 
aeter, conduct, morals, behaviour. 

m5«tas, tfls, m. [for mov-tus ; 
fr. mov-eo, "to move"] A mov^ 
ing, motion. 

m5vdo, mCvi, mdtum, m5v- 
ere, 2. v. a. : 1, To more, set in 

V a 



motion. — 2. To exdttf call /orthj 
occasioTit eause. 

xnox, ady.: 1, Soon^preaently. 
— 2. Jn the nextplace, aftertcards. 

xntilcfttTis, a, um, P. perf. 
poss. of molco. 

xnulc-o, avi, 9.tum, Sxe, 1, 
T. a. [prob. another form of 
mult-o] To maUreat, handle 
roughly, injure.-^Vajs». : mtllc- 
or, Atns sum, &ri. 

mtiUer, £ris, f. A woman, 

multandus, a, um, Gernnd« 
ive of multo ; at l, 28, 2 supplj 
esae with multanduni. 

mult-Xt&do, ttQdTnis, f. 
[mult-us, " much "] (" The qual- 
ity of the multua"; hence) A great 
or large number^ a multitude. 

1. mult-o, &vi, &tum, &re, 
1. V. a. [mult-a, " a fine"] (" To 
fine, impoee afinenpon;" hence) 
To punith. — Fass. : mult-or, 
atus sum, &ri. 

2. multOf abl. of " measure " 
[$ 118], fr. multus, "much." 
By much, by/ar : multo majoris, 
icU a greater cost by much, i.e.) cU 
a/ar higher valuc. 

mult-um, adv. [adverbial 
neut. of mult-us, "much"] 
Mueh, greatly. 

mul-tus, ta, tum, adj. : 1. 
Poa.: a. Sing.: Much.—h, Plur.: 
Jiany.—Aa Snbst. : (a) multi, 
6rum, m. Many peraons, many. 
— (b) multa, Orum, n. Many 
things; at 2, 4, 23 with quid 
multasnpply dicam.— 2. Contp.: 
a. (in Sing. perhapeonly asneut. 
subet.) More: pluris [§ 128, a] o/ 
more value or importance. — b. 
Plur. : (a) More. — As Subst. : 
plflres, lum, m. plur. More 
persons; the majority, the more 
part, the most.—lh) Several, very 
many. — As Subst.: pltlres, Tum, 
m. plur.: Seveiy l, or very many, 
persons._ JMT Comp. : plus ; 
Sup. : plflr-Imas [prpi^ akin to 

mtUuB, i, m> A mule. 

mtlnl-tus, ta, tum, adj.[munT- 
o, " to fortify " ; hence, " to pro- 
tect "] Protected, d^ended, sa/e. 

mfl-nus, n6ris, n. : 1. An 
office, post, etc— 2. A gi/t, pre- 

mus, maris, m. (" The steal- 
ing one " ; henoe) A mouse [akin 
to Sans. milsh-a, " a rat, a mouse " ; 
fr. root MUSH, "to steal"; Gr. 


(Mflsa, «, t. A Muse ; one cf 
the nine goddesses of the liberal 
arts. — Plur. : " 7%« Muses " ; 
hence) Theliberalarts,thesciences; 
2, 5, 3 [MoCaa]. 

musteia, aa, f . il weasel. 

mti-to, t&vi, t&tnm, t&re, 1. 
V. a. intens. [for mov-to; fr. 
mov-eo, "to move"] (" To move 
much or f rom place to plaoe " ; 
hence) To change, alter. 

m&ttl « o, adv. [mQtfi-us» 
" mutual "] Mutually, in turn. 

nactus, a, um, P. perf. of 

nam, conj. For. 

nam-que,conj. [uam; suffiz 
qu6] For. 

na(n)c-isoor, nactns snm, 
nancisci, 3. v. dep.: 1, Ib get^ob- 
tain. — 2. To meet tpith, find 
[akin to Sans. rcot naq, " to at- 

narrans, ntis, F. pres. of 

narr&-tXo, tT6ni8,f. [narr(a)- 

0, "to narrate"] ("A narrat- 
ing " ; hence) A narrative. 

nar-ro, r&vi, ratum, r&re, 

1. V. a. [nar-us (=gnar-ii8), 
" known "] (" To make a thinf; 
known, or a peraon acquainted 
with "; henoe) To iell, relate, nar- 
rate. — Paas. : nar-ror, rfttus 
sum, r&ri. 

n&-8Cor, tus snm, sci, 3. 
V. dep. To be born [for gna-scor ; 



fr. root 6NA, another form of the 
root GEN, whence gen-o ( = gigno) ; 
akin to Gr. ytv-vaia\ and to 
Sans. root jan ; transitively, *' to 
bring forth," intransitively, "to 

nlitan8, ntis, F. pres. of 

n&-tXo, lYonis, f. [iia-6cor] 
f " A being born " ; hence, " a 
nation, race of people " ; hencc) 
In acontemptuoussense : A tribtt 
vretched set. 

n&-to, tavi, tatum, tare, 1. 
V. n. freq. [n(a)-o, ♦♦ to swim "] 
To swinu 

nft-ttlra, tQrse, f. [na-scor] 
(" A being bom " ; hence, 
" birth " ; hence) Nature. 

1. n&tas, a, mn, P. perf. of 

2. nA-tnB, ti, m. [na-scor] 
("He thpt is born" ; hence) 1. 
A «>n.~2. PUir. : a. Children, 
collectively both male and f emale. 
— b. Of animals : The young. 

nOf adv. and conj.: 1. Adv.: 
No, not.—2. Conj. [§ 152, i (2)]: 
TTiat notf in order that not ; lett, 

N9&p51i8, is, f. Neapoli»; a 
city of Campania, in Cratral 
Italy, anciently called Parthen- 
ope (now Naples) [NediroAif, 

nec; seeneque. 

nSc-o, avi or iii, fitum, tlre, 1 . 
V. a. (*'To cause to perish"; 
hence) To killt destroy [akinto 
Sans. root NAg, " to perish " ; in 
causative force, " to canse toper- 
ish, to destroy "]. 

nSc-5pin-nB, a, um, adj. 
[nec, " not " ; opin-or, " to 
think"] 1. Not thought of, vn- 
expected, not expected. — 2. Not 
thinking of a thing ; not expectingt 
UMUipectingy carelest. 

nes-lXgo, lexi, lectum, ItgSre, 
3. v. a. [for nec-lego ; fr. nec, 
"not " ; 16go, " to gather "] 
(" Kob to gather" ; hence) 1. To 

not heed, nol atlend to ; to slight, 
neglect.—2, To pass over, over- 
lookf take no notke o/, 

nS-8:-o, ftvi, fttum, &re, 1. v. n. 
anda.: 1. Keut.: Tb say no.—2.y, 
Act.: To deny a thing, or that a 
thing, «fe., is, etc. [akin to Sans. 
root AH (hegh), " to say " ; 
with Lat. ne, " no," prefixed]. 

nS-mo, mTnis, comm. gen. 
[contr. fx, ne homo; fr. nc, 
" not " ; h5mo, " a person "] No 
person, no one, nobody, 

n6m5r-X-cultriz, cultrlcis, 
f . [nemus, nemor-is, " a wood " ; 
(i) connecting vowel ; cultrix, 
"inhabitant"j An inhabUantof, 
one dwelling in, the wood», 

nSfnSr-GBUB, dsa, Ceum, adj. 
[nemus, nemor-is, "a wood"] 
Full of woods, well-woodedy teoody, 

nem-pe, adv. [for nam-pe ; a 
collateral form of nam-que] For 
indeed, certainly, doubtless, in 
good truth, 

nSm-ns, Sris, n. (" The feed- 
ingthing"; hence) Feeding land 
amongst woodi ; a wood with open 
glades; a grove [aUn to Gr. vtii' 
«, "tofeed"]. 

n6-qne (contr. nec), adv. and 
conj. [ne, "not"; que, "and"] 
1. Adv. : Not.—2, C!onj. : And 
not,also not,neither: neque (nec) 
. . . neque (nec), neither . . . nor, 

n6 - qniqnam, adv. [ne, 
" not " ; qniquam, adverbial abl. 
of qnisquam, " any "] (" Not in 
any way " ; henoe) In vain, to no 
purpose, fruUleuly. 

n6qa-Xtita, UTsb, f. [nequ-am, 
«bad, wicked"] ("The quality 
of the neguam**; hence) Morally: 
Badness, wickedness, villanyf jtnar- 
ery, roguery, 

NSro, dnis, m. Nero ; a family 
name of the Roman Claudii ; sec 
Gaesar [a Sabine word = fortis ; 
and akin to Sans. nara, "a 

nez, necifl, f. [for nec-s ; fr. 



nec-o, " to kiU "] (" That which 
kills " ; hence) Deathf violent 
decUht murder, 

nldns, i, m. A nest. 

nXger, ra,rum,adj. Black: at. 
2, 2, 10 Bupply oapillos. 

nX-hXl (oontr. nH), n. indeol. 
[apooopated fr. ni-hilnm, for ne- 
hilum ; £r. ne, ** not " ; hilum 
(=filum), "a thread"] ("Not a 
thrcad"; hence) 1, Nothing.— 
2. In adverbial foroe : In no re- 
spect ; not at all. 

nU; seenihil. 

NUus, i, m. The Nile ; a cele- 
brated river which rises in the 
int^rior of Africa and f alls into 
the Mediterranean Sea. Its ann- 
u^ overflow of Egypt, through 
which it rnns, is tbe cauae of 
great fertility to that country 

nXmXtls, a, nm, adj. Beyond 
measurey exce^sive, too grecUy too 

nX-8i, oonj. [ni, "not"; si, 
" if "] [§ 152, III, (2)] I/noty un- 
lesst except» 

Hl-SUB, sus, m. [for nit-sus ; 
fr. nit-or, " to exert one'a self or 
strive " ] A striving ; pains, 
effort, labour. 

nXt-or, oris*, m. [nit-eo, " to 
be bright "] (" A being bright" ; 
henco) Lttslre, splendour ; of 
birds, glossiness. 

nO-bllis, bllc, odj. [no-sco, 
"toknow"] ("That can be, or 
igjknown"; hence) Wdl-knowny 

ndbis, dat. and abl. plnr. of 

n5cendas, a, um, Gernndive 
of nOceo ; at 1, 28, 1, with nulli 
nocendum supply est [§$ 158, 144, 
1 and 1 6 ; 106, (3)]. 

ndc-do, ili, Xtum, cre, 2. v. n. 
To harm, hurt, injure [alun to 
Sans. root naq ; see neco]. 

nSc-Ivns, Iva, Ivum, adj. 
[nOc-«o, "to hurt"] WithDat. 

[§ 106, (3)] : Uur^ul, injurious, 

noctis, Cron. eing. of nox. 

noctu [abl. of noctns (fonnd 
only in abl. sing.) =nox, "night*'] 
By night [§ 120]. 

noct-nrnns, uma, nmnm, 
adj. [nox, noct-is, "night"] 0/, 
or belonging to» night ; nightly, by 
night, noetumal. 

U-510, dlQi, nb sup., olle, 
V. irreg. [contr. fr. ne-voio ; fr. 
ne, " not " ; v6Io, '* to wish or bo 
willing "] 1. Tonotwish, to be un- 
tDiliing.—2. Imperat. : Koli, etc., 
with following Inf. expresaes a 
negative oommand : Do not that 
which the Inf . indicates : noli 
vereri, do not /ear, 1, 27, 7. 

nSltti, perf . ind. of n61o. 

n6-men, mlnis, n. [no-aco, 
" to know "J (" That whichserves 
f or knowing " an object by ; 
hence) A name, appellation, 

nomXn-o, ftvi, &tum, ftre, 1. 
V. a. [nomen, nomin-is, *■* a 
name"] 1. To name. — 2. Pass. 
with Nom. [§ 87, d, &]: To be 
named. — Fass.: n5niIn-or, atus 
sum, ari. 

n5n, adv. Not [akin to Sans. 
«0, "not"]. 

non-ntUlus, nulla, nullum, 
adj. [non ; nuUus] (" Not none "; 
hence) Some. 

n5n-as, a, um, nimi. adj. [for 
nov-nus, fr. nOv-em, "nine"] 

n5s, plur. of pgo. 

n5«sco, vi, tum, scSre, 3. v. a.: 
1. In preseut tenae and its deriv- 
atives : To acquire or obtain a 
knowledgeo/; tobecomeacquainted 
unth. — 2. In perfect tense and its 
dorivatives : To liave become ac- 
quainted with ; to know [old f orm 
gno-sco ; fr.^ root oxo, akin to 
Sans. root JxA ; G>r. yt^i/u-o-Ku]. 

n6ssem for n0vi88em,pluperf. 
subj. of nosco. 

no8«ter, tra, tmm, pron. poss. 



[nos] Ourf oun; belonging to 

n5-ta, tae, f. [no-sco] ("That 
by which a perBon or thing is 
known"; hence) 1. A mark^ 
sign, note.—2, A mark o/ ignom- 
injf or infamy ; reproach^ dis- 

n5"tii8, ta, tum, adj. [no-6co] 
1, Knotntt well-known, — 2. KnoW' 
ing, that knotDs.—Aa Subst.: no* 
tns, i, m. One who knows a 
person or thing. 

ndvi8flXm-e, snp. adr. [nov- 
issim-us, snperlatiTe of novus] 1. 
Of time : Jifost recenUy, very 
latdy. — 2. Of orderorsuccession : 
Laatly, last of all, in the lastplace, 

nSvus, a,imi,adj. Nea. Wfd^ 
Gomp.: n5v-Ior ; Sup. : ndv-lasX- 
mus [akin to Sans. nava; Gr. 
Wof, "new".]. 

noz, noctas, f . Night [akin to 

n-nllns, ulla, uUum (Gen.: 
nulllus; Dat. nuUi), adj. [for 
ne-ullus; fr. ne, "not"; ullus, 
"any"] Not any, none, no. — ^As 
Subst. oomm. gen.: s=nemo, No 
one, nobody. 

num, intcrrog. particle : 1. 
In direct questions; without 
any corresponding force in En- 
glish : num putas ? think you ? 
1, 17, 7.-2. In indirect ques- 
tions : Whether. 

nnnunns, i, m. A piece of 
money, a coin ; money [Gr. i/ov/ui- 


nun-c, adv. Now, ai this pre^ 
smt time [akin to Gr. wv," now " ; 
c (shortened fr. ce), demonstra- 
tive suffix]. 

n-nnquam, adv. [for ne- 
nnquam ; f r. ne, " not " ; un- 
quam, ** ever "] Notever or atany 
time; at no time, never. 

nd-per, adv. [for nov-per; 
fr. nov-ns, ** new "] Newly, kftily, 
recenllyf not long ago, ^ --■■.. 

nnpt-Xae, Tarum, f. phir. 
[nupt-a, •* a brido"] (** The state 
or condition of the nupta " ; 
henoe) JBspousalSf nupHals^ mar' 


O.interj. [§§137,138] 0! 

ODjectUB, a, um, P. perf. 
pass. of objtcTo. 

ob-JXcXo, jeci, jectum, jfcfire, 
3. V. a. [for ob-jacio ; fr. ob, 
"towards" ; jacio, " to throw"] 
1. To throWf or cast, towards one. 
— 2. To expose. — Pass. : ob- 
jlcXor, jectus sum, jlci. 

ob-jurgo, jurgavi, jurgatum, 
jurgare, 1. v. a. [ob, *' against" ; 
jurgo, *'to quarrel"] (" To quar- 
rel against"; hence) To chide, 
scold, rdmke. 

obli-tUB, ta, tnm, P. perf. of 

ob-U-viscor, tus sum, visci, 
3. V. dep. ('* To be melted " away 
from the mind ; hence"» With 
Gen. [§ 133, a]: To forget [prob. 
6b, without f orce ; root u or uv, 
akin to Sans. rootLt, ** to molt "]. 

ob-noz-Xus, la, lum, adj. 
[ob,in **intensive" force ; nox-a, 
"hurt, harm"] (" Of, or be- 
longing to, noxa"; hence, ** ex- 
posed to hnrt," etc.i hence) With 
Dat. [§ 106, (8)] Uable, subject, or 
exposed to any thiug hnrtful. 

ob-t5ro, trivi, trltnm, tCrerc, 
3. V. a. [ob, ** against " ; tero, 
♦* to rub "] (" To rub against " ; 
hence) To bruise, crush, or break 
to pieces. 

ob-trecto,, trcct- 
&tum, trectare, 1. v. a. [for ob- 
tracto ; fr. ob, ** against "; tracto, 
*• to drag "] (** To drag against " ; 
hence) To detract from; to dis- 
parage, underrate. 

ob-vX-us, a, um, adj. [ob, 
" towards " ; vi-o, ** to go on 
one'B way, to travel"] (•*Going 
on oue'8 way towards " ; hence) 



1. Ooing^ or eoming, fo meet.-^^, 
Jieeting,/alUng in with. 

OCC&-8X0, sldnis, f. [for ob- 
cad-Blo ; fr. ob, " wlthoutforce"; 
cSd-o, "to fall"; hence, " to 
fall out or happen "] (" A falling 
out or happening" ; henoe) An 
occation^ &jp^rtunity. 

1. oc-cIdOt ctdi, c&sum, cTd- 
Sre, 3. V. n. [for ob-cado ; fr. ob, 
intenslve; cado, "to faU"] 1. 
TofaU downy /all.—2, Toperish. 
—3. To bt loitf ruinedj or utterly 

3. oc«CIdo, cldi, cisrnn, cld- 
Sre, 3. V. a. [for ob-caedo ; fr. ob. 
"against"; caedo, "to strike"] 
("To strike against"; hence, 
" to strike down " ; hence) To 
kill, $lay. — PasB. : oc-csLdor, 
clsus snm, cldi. 

oocilpatns, a, um: 1. P. 
perf. pass. of nccfipo.— 2. Pa. : 
JButily engagedj busy, oceupied, 

OO-ctLp-O, Avi, Atum, ftre, 1. 
T. a. [ror ob-cap-o ; fr. ob, 
" without foroe " ; cap, root of 
c&p-Io, ** to take "] 1. To take or 
lay hold o/. — 2. To oceupyf fiold 
pouetsion o/^ possess.—3, To be 
be/orehand withf to anticipate. — 
Paas. : oC"Ciip*or, fttus sum, 

oC"Ciirro, curri and cilcurri, 
eursum, currfire, 3. r. n. [for 
ob-curro ; fr. ob, " towards " ; 
curro, " to run "] (" To run to- 
watds "; hence) With Dat. [§ 106, 
«]: To meety come in the teay o/, 

oct-fi,viis, ftva, avum, num. 
adj. [oct-o, " eight"] Eig?ith. 

5c*ttlii8, tUi, m. ("The see- 
ing thing" ; hence) An eye:—<im 
OcQloe centum h&bet, ?ie w?io ?iax 
a hundred eyes, i.e. the roastcr 
who is sharp-sighted in supcr- 
intending and managing his pro- 
perty, 2, 9, 18 [akin to Gr. 
6ic-of, Sajis. aksh-a; prob. fr. a 
loet verb aksh (=fKSH), " to 

5dX-5sii8, tea, 6sum, adj. [6dY- 
um, " hate " ; hence, " annoj- 
ance "] (" FuU of odium " ; hence) 
Hat^ul, annoying^ troublesome, 
tfW (Comp. : ddlds-ior); Sup.: 

of-fSro, obtfili, oblatnm, 
offerre, v. a. [for obfSro ; fr. ob, 
"towards"; fgro, "to bear "] 
(" To bear towards " one ; hence) 
To offer^ presentf to one ; to besfow 
upon one. 

of-flc-lQxn, li, n. [for op-fae- 
inm; fr. (ope), op-is, "aid"; 
fac-io, "to perform"] ("The 
performing or renderingof aid "; 
hence) 1. A kindnesSy' /avour, 
courtesy. — 2.: a. A duty, offlce. — 
b. Service, employment^ business. 

of-fando, fCldi, f usum, fund- 
6re, 3. v. a. [for ob-fnndo ; fr. 
ob, " over, upbn " ; fiuido, " to 
pour"] To pour or spread out, 
over^ 01 /orth : — offundere terror- 
em, to spread terror over a persou , 
i.e. tofill one toith terror. — Paas.: 
of-fondor, ftlsus sum, fundi. 

offQsns, a, um, P. perf. pass. 
of of-f undo. 

dlS-astmm, astri, n. [61S-a, 
"an olive tree"] A tcild olive- 

01-im, adv. [for oU-im; fr. 
oll-e, old form of ill-e] Of t«me 
(" At that time " ; hence) For- 
merly, once upon a tinu, onee. 

omnis, e, adj. : 1. AU, every. 
— 2. The vfhole 0/, t?ie entire. 

dndr-o, ftvi, &tum, &re, 1. v. a. 
[onus, oneris] 1. Toload, burdea, 
— 2. To overwhelm, etc. 

5nU8, dn5ris, n. A load, bur^ 
den [prob. akin to Sans. anas, 

5pdr-a, ffi, f. [oper-or, "to 
work"] (" A working " ; hence) 

1, Pains, exertion, teork, labour: 
pretium operas, (the retcard o/ 
one's labour; i.e.) tror/A tohUe. — 

2. A rendering 0/ service ; ser- 
vice, aid. 



opes, xiom. and acc. plor. of 

' dp-imns, Ima, Imnm, adj. 
[(ops), op-is, " wealth, resouroes "] 
(" Having op« " ; hence) 1. 
^VtalthVy rich. — 2. Splendid, 

op-pOnOf pdsfii. p5sltnm,p5n- 
gre, 3. V. a. [for ob-pono ; fr. ob, 
" over agalnst " ; pono, " to 
place"] ("Toplaceoveragainst"; 
hence) 7b oppox by way of com- 

op-port-ilnii8, Qna, Qnnm, 
adj. [for ob-port-unu3 ; fr. ob, 
** over against " ; port-us, " a 
harbour"] ("Belonging to that 
which is over against the har- 
bour " ; heuce) Seasonablef op- 

oppreBStis, a, nm, P. perf. 
pnss. of opprimo. 

op-prbno, presM, pressum, 
prtmSre, .3. v. a. [for ob-premo ; 
fr. ob, "against"; premo, "to 
press "] (" To press against *' ; 
hence) 1, To oppresSy act itUh 
cruelty, or violencey towards. — 2. 
To seite suddenly.—Paaa. : op- 
pr)toor, pressus snm, prlmi. 

op«pngnio, pugn&vi, pugna- 
tum, pugn&re, 1. v. a. [for ob- 
pugno ; fr: ob, " against "; pugno, 
"to flght"] 1. To fight against, 
carry on warwith. — 2. To assault, 
assail : — oppugnant, with " Com- 
posite Subject," vis ct nequitia, 
2, 7, 3 [§ 92]. 

op-s, is (Nom. Slng. does not 
occur, and the Dat. Sing. is 
found perhaps only once), f. 
[probably for ap-a, fr. root ap, 
whence ap-iscor, " to obtain "] 
("Tbe thing obtained" ; hence) 
Mostly plural : Aleans of any 
kind ; wealth, riches, resources. 

optlmuB, a, mn ; see bonus. 

ord-o, Inis, m. [ord-Ior, " to 
weave "] (" A weaving "; hence, 
" arrangement" ; hence) Order, 
cottrsef succession. 

om-o, avi, 9,tum, Sre, 1. v. a.: 
1. To adorn, oinamentf enU)ellish. 
— 2. To equipf get ready, pre- 

or-0. fivi, fttum, ftre, 1. v. a. 
[os, or-is, "the mouth"] ("To 
nse the month " ; hence, " to 
speak" ; hence) To beg, entreatf 
pray, beseech, 

ortns, a, um, P. perf. of 5r- 

1. os, dr-ls, n. (Gen. plur. not 
found) ("Thethingeatingup"; 
hence) The mouth [akin to Sans. 
root Ag, " to eat up "]. 

2. os, ossis, n. A bone [akin to 
Seais. asfh-i, Gtr. oa-T«oi']. 

os-cttlanii ctlli, n. dim. [foc 
or-culum ; fr. os, or-is, " ix 
mouth"] 1. A little mouth.—2. 
A kixs. • 

os-tendo, tendi, tensnm or 
tentam, tendSre, 3. v. a. [for obs- 
tendo ; fr. obs (=ob), " before" ; 
tendo, "to spread or stretch"] 
(" To gpread or stretch out be- 
fore " one ; hence) To expose to 
view; to show, exhibitf di^lay. — 
Pass. : os-tendor, tensus or 
tentus 8um, tendi. 

5tlmn, li, n. Leisure, ease: 
— otio, at leisure. 

dviis, is, f . A sheep [Gr. of iV, 
akin to Sans. avi}. 

p&o-iscor, tus sum, isci, 3. 
V. dep. (" To bind " ; hence, iii 
moral sense) To covenant, aqrte, 
stipulate, contract, bargain [akin 
to Sans. root paq, " to bind "]. 

pao-tmn, ti, n. [pac-iscor] 
(" That which is covenanted" ; 
hence, "a covenant,"efc.; hencc) 
Manner, method, way, means. 

pactus, a, um, P. perf. of pac- 

pfil-n-8, dis, f . (" The thing 
having wet mud " ; hence) A 
marsn, bog, morass, swamp, /en 
[hybrid word, fr. pfil-ud-s; Gr. 



TTijA-o?, "mud'*; Qd-us, " wet, 

pa-niSf nis, m. [akia to pa- 
Bco ; cf. pasco] (" The feeding 
thing"; hence) 1, Bread. — 2.2. 
loctf. — At 1, 19, 3, panem, instead 
of standing in the demonstrative 
clause as the object of peteret, 
is attracted into the relative 

par, pS,ris, adj. : 1. Equal: 
sometimes with Gen. [$ 106, (1) ; 
with " Notes to Syntax," p. 136, 
E.].— 2. Equal in age to ; ofeqitaly 
or the same, age with : sometimes 
with Dat. [§ 106, (1)]. 

p&rattis, a, um: 1. P. perf. 
pass. of pSjro.— 2. Pa.: Ready. 

parc-o, p^perci, (less fre- 
quently) parsi, parcltum and 
parsum, parcSqe, 8. v. n. [parc- 
us, " spaxing"] With Dat. [§ 106, 
(3)] : To spare.— At 1 , 24, 2 parcas 
is dependent on ut, to be supplied 
after quaeso [§ 154 ; " Notes to 
Syntaz," p. 142, (2)]. 

p&r-ens, entis, comm. gen. 
[either for p&rl-ens, fr. pSxI-o ; 
or fr. pSr-o=pario, "to bear or 
bring forth," of females ; of 
males, "to beget"] ("He who 
b^ts ; — she who brings forth" ; 
hence) A parent; a father; a 

pS,r-do, fii, Itum, ere, 2. v. n. 
[akin to p&r-Io] To ohey. 

pHr-Xo, pSpSri, p^Itum and 
partum, ikir&re, 3. v. a. Of fe- 
males : To bring forth^ bear:—BX, 
2, 4, 2, without nearer Object 
[prob. akin to Gr. 4>^p-<a, Lat. 
fer-o, "tobear"]. 

plU:-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
("To bring or put"; hence) 1. 
To rnake, or get, ready; to pre- 
pare, fumishf provide. — 2. Pass. 
in reflexive force: To prepare 
one*s selft get ready. — Pass.: p&r- 
or, atus snm, ari [id.]. 

par-s, tis, f. ('* That which is 
cut" ; heuce) 1, A part, piece, \ 

portiony share: bonas in partes 
accipere, io receive in a favour- 
abU way or manner, — 2.' Mostly 
plural : A political party, fac- 
tiony etc. [akin to ^op-w, " to 

parttirXens, ntis, P. pres. of 

partttr-fo, Ivi and li, itum, 
ire, 4. v. n. desid. [pario, " to 
bring forth " ; part. fut. partflr- 
us] To desire to bringforth ; to be 
in travail or labour. 

par-tns, tfis, m. [p&r-Io, " to 
brmg forth "] (" A bringing 
f orth •' ; hence) Parturiiion. 

p&r-Txm, adv. [akin to par- 
vus] Too little,not enough: at2, 
9, 22 with Gren. of "the thing 
measured" [§131]. 

par-vns, va, vum, ailj. [prob. 
akin to par-s] Small, little. 

P9.-8CO, vi, stum, sG&re, 3. 
V. a.: 1, Tofeed. — 2. Pass. in re- 
flexive force: a. Of cattle: To 
graze; to broufse or feed \fpon. — 
b. Of other creatures : To feed 
upon. — N.B. Sometimes, like 
vescor^ with Abl. [cf. § 119, (a)]. 
— Pass.: pa-scor, stus sum, sci 
[akin to tiaxiB. root pa, " tonour- 

pas-ser, seris, m. [prob. for 
pad-ser ; fr. pad, root of pa(n)d- 
o, "to spread"] ("The spread- 
er" ; hence, in reference to 
the spreading of the wings) A 

pas-tor, toris, m. [for pasc- 
tor ; fr. pasc-o] A feeder ofcattle ; 
a herdstnan, Hiepherd. 

pastam, Supino in um of 

p&t-So, iU, no sup., erc, 2. 
V. n. To lie, stand, or be open 
[akin to (Jr. irtT-avwy.t. " to ex- 

pS-teir, tris, m. (" A pro- 
tector" ; also, " anourisher ") A 
father, as one who protects, etc, 
[akizi to Crr. ira<-n}p, Sons. /rt-(n', 



tr. root FA, " to protect, to nour- 

p&tXens, ntis: 1. P. pres. of 
patt-or.— 2. Pa. : With Gen. [§ 
132,1]: Enduring, patient. 

pS,t-£Qa, tnsB, f . A wide shal- 
loto boiol, basin, or pan [usuaUy 
considered the representatiye of 
Gr. irar-ain}, " a dish," «te., from 
iraT-eo/uiai, "toeat"; but rather 
to be referred to pat-eo, and so, 
** the thing Ijang open"]. 

p&tlor, possus sum, pati, 3. v. 
dep.: 1, To bear, support,under- 
go, suffer, endure. — 2. To pui up 
wUht submit to [akin to Gr. iraO, 
root of iraffx» (= vdB<TXfi > 2. 
aor. i-ira6-ov), " to suffer " ; and 
Sans. roct baoh or vadh, "to 

paucus, a, um, adj.: 1. Sing.r 
a. SmaU, little, light, trifling. — b, 
Smallixx numbeTf/ew. — 2. Plur.: 

pan-per, pSris, adj. [prob. for 
pauc-fer ; fr. panc-i, "few" ; 
f6r-o, " to bear "] (" Bearing few 
things " ; hence) Poor, needy. 

pftvens, ntis, P. pres. of 

p&veo, pavi, no sup., pavere, 
3, V. n. [prob. akin to piivlo, " to 
strike "] To be strucJt with fear, 
dread, or terror ; to be terrified or 
mfraid; to fear. 

p&v-Idus, Ida. Tdum, adj. 
[p&v-eo] Fearful, timid,tiniorous. 

pavo, oq^, m. A peacock 

p3,v-or, oris, m. [pav-co] 
Fear, dread, alarm. 

pecc-o, avi, atum, arc, l.v.n. 
To do amiss, commU afaultf trans- 
gress, offend, err. 

p8cu-nla, nfe, f. [for pecud- 
nia ; fr. i)ecus, pecQd-is, " cat- 
tle"] (" The thing pertaining to 
pecus " ; hence) 1. Property, 
wealth. — 2. Money. 

p8c-us, 5ris, n. (" Tbe thing 
fastened up " ; hence) In col< 

lective force : CatUe, as tied up 
in stalls ; a herd of cattle [akin to 
Sans. pagu, root PAg, *' to bind "], 

p8des, plur. of pes. 

pell-is, is, f. A skin, hide 
[akin to veAA-a]. 

pello, p&pHli, pulsum, peUSre, 
3. V. a. (" To cause to go "; hence) 
To drive; to drive^ thrust, or tum 
out or away; to expel. — Pass.: 
pel-lor, pulsus simi, pelli [akia 
to Sans. root pal, " to go "].* 

PelusX-us, a, um, adj. [Pelu- 
si-um, " Pelusium"; anEgyptian 
city at the eastern mouth of the 
Nile, anciently celebrated for its 
linen stufOs (now ** Castle of 
Tineh")] QA or belonging to, 
Pelusium; Pelusian, 

pendo, pCpendi and pendi, 

pensum, pendSre, 3. v. a. [prob. 

akin to pend-eo, ** to hang "] 

(" To cause to hang, to suspend "; 

hence) 1. To weigh, weigh out. — 

2. With pcenas : To pay a pe- 

ualty; to suffer punishment ; see 


pen-na, naj, f . (" The flying 
thing " ; hencc) A feather of a 
winged creaturo [for pet-na ; 
akin to Gr., and Sans. 
root PAT, " to fly "]. 

pgpSrSram, plnperf. ind. of 

pSr, prep. gov. aoc, case : 1. 
Through. — 2. By, by means of, 
through: per te, through, or of, 
yourself. — 3. AU over, through- 

pSrambtilans, ntis, P. prcs. 
of pcrambulo. 

pSr - ambtllo, ambfilavi, 
ambiUatum, ambillare, 1. v. a. 
[pcr, "through"; ambulo, **to 
walk "] To walk through. 

perdo, perdidi, porditum, 
perd5re, 3. v. a. : 1, To make 
away with, destroy, rvin, — 2. To 
lose [perhaps Gr. iriodtn, " to de- 

pdrSgr-Inus, Sna, Xnumi adj. 



[pergger, peregr-is, "ona jour- 
ney abroad "] ('* Belonging to a 
pereffer" ; hence) Foreign. — At 
1, 28, 1], the stork is callccl 
peregrina volucris,a& beingabird 
of passage. 

p8r-8o, tvl or U, Xtnm, Ire, 
V. n. irr^. [p6r, "through"; 6o, 
"to go"J ("To go throngh" ; 
henoe, " to disappear " ; hence) 

1, To periih, lo*e one's li/e, die. — 

2. To be ruined or undone. 
per*fdro« tQli, lS.tam, ferre, 

V. a. irreg. [p6r, " throughout " ; 
f6ro, "to bear"] ("To bear 
throughont or carry to the end " ; 
hence) To continue to bear or 

pdrlclum, i ; see pSrlciUum. 

pdilctU-5sns, dsa. osum, 
adj. [pericul-um] Full of dangery 
dangerous, fiazardows, perilous. 

pgrl-ciilam, cHIi (pSri- 
clam, cli), n. [peri-or, "to 
try"] ("That whioh serves for 
trying " ; hence, " a trial, ab- 
tempt"; hence) /?«*, hazard, 
danger^ peril. 

pdrX6re, 3. pers. plur. perf. 
ind. of pereo. 

pSrltaras, a, nm, P. fut. of 

pSrt-tas, ta, tum, adj. [peri- 
or, " to go through" ; " to try"] 
(" Havinggonethronghortried" 
a thing ; hence) Experienced ; 
wary. prudent. 

permStus, a, nm, P. perf. 
pass. of permoveor. 

per-m5v8o, mOvI, motum, 
mOvere, 2. v. a. [p6r, in " inten- 
sive " force ; m5v6o, " to move "] 
(" To movo thoroughly or great- 
ly" ; hence, " to arou8e,cxcite"; 
liencc) To vex, annov, dislurh. — 
Pass. : per-m5vdor, motus 
sum, m5verl. 

pernXc-Ies, lei, f. [for per- 
n6c-te8 ; fr. per-neco, "to kill 
ntterly "] (" A killing utterly " ; 
hence) Destruction, ruin. 

pernlc-Itas, It&tis, f. [pemiz, 
pernic-is, " swift "] (" The qual- 
ity of the pemix " ; benoe) Swift- 
ness, nimbleness, speed, 

per-n5bXlis,ndb11e,adj. [p6r, 
in " intensive " force ; ndbllis, 
" well-known "] ("Very well 
known " ; henoe) lamous. 

pdr-5ro, oravi, or&tum, dr&re, 
1. V. a. [per, " throughout " ; 
oro, **to speak"] (" To speak 
throughout"; henco) 1. Tobring 
a speech to an end ; to eonclude, 
wind up, a speech, etc. 

per-sSquor, 86qu{ltu8 or 
s6cQtus eum, s6qui, 3. v. dep. 
per, in " augmentative '* force; 
86quor, "to follow"] To follow 
perseveringfy, to continue tofollow. 

persSqatltaB, a, um, P. perf. 
of persSquor. 

pers5n-a, ee, f. [usually re- 
ferred to p^:sdn-o, "to sound 
through" ; and so, "the thing 
sounded through "] i4 nuukt 

per-sa&dSo, suasi, suasum, 
sufidere, 2. v. a. [per, " thorongh- 
ly"; suadeo, "to advise"] ("To 
advise thoronghly " ; hence) To 
convince, persuade^ induce. — 
Pass. : per-saadSor, suasus 
sum, suaderi. 

persaftsus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass. of persnlU16o. 

per-tlnSo, tlntli, tentnm, 
tlnere, 2. v, n. [for per-teneo ; fr, 
per, " thoroughly " ; teneo, "to 
hold "] (" To hold, or lay holdof, 
thoronghly "; hence, " to stretch, 
reach, or cxtend to a place," etc.\ 
hence) To belong^ relate, be av* 
plicable, have re/erence or pertain 
to a pcraon or thing ; to coneern, 

perturb&tus, a, um, P. pcrf. 
pass. of perturbo. 

per-turbo, tnrb&vi, tnrb- 
&tum, tnrb&re, 1. v. a. [per, 
"thoroughly"; turbo, " to dis- 
turb"]l. To disturb thoroughlif 
or completelp ; to thrcw into titter 
confution, — 2. To embarrass. 



oon/otind.— Pass. : per*tTirbor, 

turb&tm 8nm, turb&ri. 

per-vSnXo, yeni, ventum, 
v£nlre, 4. v. n. [per, in *'aug- 
mentative" force; v6nIo, " to 
come'*] (" To come quite to" a 
ploce ; hence) To rnKh^ arrive. 

pe-8, pSdis, m.('*The going 
thing"; hence) A/oot[foTTped-&; 
akin to Qr. ttovc, irofi-o?, Sans. 
pddf fr. root pad, " to go "]. 

pdtenB, ntia, P. pres. of peto. 

pStitSram, pluperf. ind. of 

pStitSrim, perf. snbj. of peto. 

pdtXi, perf. ind. of p6to. 

pdt-O, Ivi or li, Itum, Sre, 3. 
T. a.: 1.: a. To/all upon.—h, 
To attacif €usaul!, assail. — 2. 
('• To fly towarda " ; hence) a. 
To teek.—h. To demand, ask, re- 
quest, entreat, desire [akin to Gr. 
irer-ofiat, Sans. root PAT, " to 

pSttilans, ntis, adj. [obsol. 
pfetiU(a)o; fr. p6to] (" Falling 
npon, attacking"; henoe) Sauey^ 

Phfficlras, 1, m. Phcedrus; a 
Thracian, vrho became one of 
thB freedmen of Augustus. The 
Fables, which he has written, are 
distingaished for the simplicity, 
purity, and elegance of their 
style [♦arapo?, " Bright one "]. 

FIiEdstr&tns, i« m. Pisistratus, 
an Athenian, who was a great 
favonrite of his fellow citizens 
on account of his eloquence and 
liberality. In order to thwart 
the designs of hispolitical antag- 
onists, who were anxious to ruin 
him, and at the samc time to ob- 
tain supreme power in the state, 
he prcscnted himself on one oc- 
casion in the agora, wounded and 
bloody, and declared he had been 
waylaid, and thus treatcd by his 
opponents, because he was the 
friend of the people. Hereupon 
one of his snpporters pruposed, 

on the spot, a decree that he 
should be allowed to have a gnard 
of 60 men for his proiection. 
This being carried, he selectcd 
that nnmber of staunch and 
trusty followers, whom he sup- 
plied with arms. Soon after this 
he seized upon the citadel, and 
retaiuingpossession of thisstrong- 
hold held the city in subjection. 
Twice was he drivenfrom power. 
On the f ormer occasion he quickly 
r^ained his authority. On the 
second, eleven years elapeed bef ore 
he was restored. Subsequently 
to his second returii, he rctained 
power tijl his deaibh, and be- 
qneathed his authority to his sons 
Hippias and Hipparchns [Ileto-- 
i(rTpaT09, '* Persuader of thc 

pl&c-Xdns, Tda, Tdum, adj. 
[plac-eo, " to please "] (" Pleas- 
ing"; hence) Oentle, calm, mild. 
peaee/ul, placid; — in adverbial 
force, mildJy, etc. 

pia,nnm, i ; v. planus. 

pla-nns, na, num, adj. Even, 
level, Jlat, plain. — As Subst. : 
plannm, i, n. Level ground, a 
plain [either for plat-nus, from 
irAar-w, ** broad " ; or for plac- 
nus, from wAaf , irAox-or, * any- 
thing flat and broad "]. 

1. plecto, plexi and plexQi, 
plexum, plettgre, 3. v. a. ("To 
plait, twine," etc. ; hence) To 
turn, twiit, hend [akin to Gr. 
irAe'ir-(o, " to twine "]. 

2. plec*to,perhapsnoperfect 
nor supine, C*re, 3. v. a. To strike, 
punt«A with blows. — Pass.: plec* 
tor, Qo perfect, ti [akin to 
irAif-y, root of irAijffaw, " to 

plS-nns, na, nnm, adj. [pl6-o, 
"to flir*] 1. Filled, /ulL—2, 
With Abl. [§ 119, 6J: Filled with, 
/utl o/. 

plSmmqne, adv. [adverbial 
neut. of plerusque, " the grenter 



part of *] For the mostpartt com- 
numlv, in general. 

plures, lum ; see mtiltus. 

plfirim-nmf sup. adv. [ad- 
verbial neut. o£ plurim-us] Very 
mueh, most, 

plurlxntis, a, nm ; see multus. 

plaris; seemultns. 

1. plns ; V. multns. 

2. plns, comp. adv. [adverbial 
neut. of l. plns] More. 

poena, ©, f . (" The pnrifying 
thing " ; hence) Compensation, 
expiatiorij satisfaetion : paenas 
d&re, lti&z«, pend&re, e(c.,(to give, or 
pay, satis/aetion, i.e.) to undergo 
punishment, pay ths penalty, ctc. 
[iroinf, akin to Sans. root f&, 

poenltent-Ya, l£e, f. [poen- 
!tens, poen!tent-is, *' repenting"] 
(" The state of the poenitens " ; 
hence) Repentance, 

p51-Xo, Ivi or li, itum, ire, 4. 
y. a. To smooth, polish. 

pol-lSo, Itii, no sup., lere, 2. 
v. n. [contr. fr. pot-valeo ; fr. 
iuseparable prefix pot, "very"; 
valeo, " to be powerful "] 2'o be 
very powerful ; to prevail, avail. 

pond-us, Sri9, n. [for pend- 
ns; fr. pend-o," "to weigh"] 
(" a weighing thing*' ; hence) A 

pdno, posQi, p5sltum, ponSre, 
8. v. a.: 1.: a. Toput, place, set, 
lay.—h, To place be/ore one at 
table ; to place on the table.—c, To 
appoint, propose, lay down a re- 
ward, piize, ete.^2, To set or lay 
aside. — 3. Tobuild, erect,setup. — 
Pass. : p5nor, p5sltus sum, 

p5-piil-ns, i, m. ("The 
many"; hence) 1, A people. — 
2. Thepeople [prob. for pol-pol- 
ns; fr. iroA-w, "much"; plur. 

porcel-lnB, li, m. dim. [for 
porcnl-lns ; f r. porctll-us, " a little 
pig"] il liUlepig, 

porrectns, a, nm, P. petf. 
pass. of porrYgo. 

por-rXgro, rexi, rectum, rtg- 
6re, 3. v. a. [for por-r6go; fr. 
por (=pro), " before"; r6go, " to 
make straight"] (" To make 
straight before" one, etc.; hence) 
To extend: sursum porrigere, (to 
extend upwards; i.e.) to cause to 
rise, raise. — Pass. : por-rXg^or, 
rectus sum, rtgi. 

por-to, tavi, t&tum, tS,re, 1. 
V. a. intens. To bear or carry; 
to convey [prob. akin to ^ep-&>, 

po-sco, pSposci, no supine, 
poscSre, 3. v. a. To ask /or, re- 
quire, demand. 

pSsItns, a, um, F. perf . pass. 
of p5no. 

pos-snm, p9tfii, no snp. , posse, 
V. irreg. [for pot-sum ; fr. pot-is, 
"able"; sum,"tobe"] ("Tobe 
potis"; hence) To be able, to have 
power, to do, etc: at 2, Epil. 17 
supply facere ; see facio. 

post, prep. gov. acc. Afler. 

post-5a, adv. [prob. for post- 
eam; i.e, post, ••after"; 6am, 
acc. sing. fem. of is, " this, 
that"] A/lerthis or ihat; a/ter- 
wards, — In combination with 
quam, or as one word : Aftet^ thcU, 

post-qnam (also written as 
two woMs, post quam), conj. 
[post, "after"; qnam, "that"J 
A/ter thctf, when, as soon as. 

postiilans, ntis, P. pres. of 

posttLlo, avf, atnm, fire, 1. 
V. a. [usually considered akin to 
Ix)8co] To cuJtf demand, request, 
require, desire. 

p5sdi, perf. ind. of pono. 

p5tens, entis, P. prcs. of 

possum ; only uscd as adj. 

Mighty, powerful, potent. — As 

Subst. m.: A mighty, ox pov>er- 

/ul, man, 

pStest, 3. pers. eing. pree. 
indic. of possnm. 



p8t-Yor, lus, comp. adj. [p5t- 
is, "powerful"] ("More power- 
lul"; hence) To be pre/erred; 
that may, or ean, be preferred; 
preferable, better [prob. akin to 
Sans. root pA, " to support," " to 

p5tl-ii8f comp. adv. [adverb- 
ial neuter of poti-or] Preferahly, 
rather, more: potiusquam, rat/ier 

po-tOi t&vi, td.tum or tnm, tare, 
1. V. a. To drink [Gr. wo-w^n-i- 

prse-bSo, biU, bTtum, bere 
(praBbfigrunt, 2, 4, 24), 2. v. a. 
[contr. fr. pree-hibeo ; for prae- 
habeo ; fir. prse, "before"; h&beo, 
" to have or hold "J (" To hold 
beforeor forth"; hcnce) To give, 
grant, fumish, mpply. 

prse-cludo, clusi, clusum, 
cludSre, 3. v. a. [prae, " before "; 
cludo(=cIaudo)," toshut"] (" To 
shut before or in firont "; hence) 
To shut up, hinder, stop, prevent. 

prae-currOf curri and cil- 
curri, cursum, currere, 3. v. n. 
[pi8B, " before"; curro, " torun"] 
To run before ox forward. 

preeda, sb, f.: 1. Booty, spoil, 
prey, plunder, pillage. — 2. An 
animal, bird, etc., taken in tJie 
chase, etc.; prey, game. 

pr8ed3,-tor, toris, m.[praea(a). 
or, " to plunder "] A plunderer, 

prse-mStiio, mSttii, met- 
utura, mfitflgre, 3. v. a. [prae, 
" beforehand"; metuo,"to fear"] 
Tofear something beforehand. 

prse-m-Xiun, li, n. [for pne- 
gm-Ium ; fr. prae, " before " ; 
6m-o, " to take "] (" A taking be- 
fore or above" others; hence, 
" profit, advantage "; hence) Re- 

praesep-e, is, n. [praes&p-io, 
"to fence in front"] ("The 
thiug fenced in front " ; hencc) 
1, An enclosure of any kind ; a 

stable, gtaU,fold, pen.^—Zm A cribf 

prae-sto, atYti, stltum and 
statum, stare, 1. v. a. [prae, " be- 
fore"; sto, "to stand"] ("To 
Btand before"; hence) 1, With 
Dat. [§ 106, (3)] : To give, ofer, 
render, afford,fumish. — ^.With 
double Acc. [§ 99] : To make, 
render, a person, etc, something, 

prse-ter, prep. gov. acc. [prae ; 
with demonstrative sufflx terj 
(" Past "; hence) Besides, except. 

prae-vSISo, v!3.1Jli, no supine, 
vaiere, 2. v. n. [prae, "very," 
" beyond"; valeo, "to be power- 
ful"] 1. To be very powerful.—2, 
To be powerful beyond some oue 
else ; to be more powerful. 

pratiun, i, n. A meadoie. 

prav-us, a, um, adj.: 1. 
Crookid, not straight, distorted. 
— 2. JPerverse, wrong, vicious, 

prS-hendo, hendi, hensum, 
hend6re (also, contracted, pr- 
endo, endi, ensum, endSrc), 3. 
V. a. [for prae-hcndo ; fr. prae, 
* ' greatly " ; obaolete hend-o( = Gr. 
Xai/S-ai/w), "to hold"] 1. To hold 
or lay hold of,firmly or strongly; 
to catch, seize.—2, Mentally : To 
seize, comprehend, apprehend. — 
Pass. : prS-hendor, hensns 
sum, hendi; also, contracted, 
pr-endor, ensus sum, cndi. 

prShensus (prensus), a, 
um, P. perf. pass. ot prehendo 

prSmo, pressi, pressum, 
pr6m6re, 3. v. a. ("To press"; 
hence) 1. To check, arrest, stop. — 
2, To suppress, restrain. 

prendo, Sre; prensus, a, 
um ; see prehendoandprehcnsus. 

prS-tXum, tli, n. ("That 
which buya "; hence, " money " ; 
hence) Pay, hire, wages, reicard 
[akin to rrpi-atrOai, " to buy "]. 

prez, prec-is (Nom, and Gen. 



Sing. obsol.; mostly in Flur.), f. 
[forprec-8 ; fr. pr6c-or, " to ask "] 
(" The asking tbing " ; hence) A 
prayer, requeUf entreatyt petition. 

prixn«timf adv. [prim-us, 
«'firsfj At Jlrst, in the first 

pri-mtui, ina, mum, sup. adj. 
[for prse-mus ; fr. prae, " before "; 
with 8up. Bufflx mus] ("Most 
before"; hence) First, KdT 
Comp.: prtor. 

princXp - &tas, &tas, m. 
[princeps, princip-is, "a chief 
peraon "] (" The state or ccndi- 
tion of princeps"; hence, **the 
position of princeps " ; hence) 
/2u/e, government, sovereignty. 

prX-orf us, comp. adj. [for 
prse-or; fr. pr8B,"before"; with 
comp.snffix or] (" More before"; 
hence) 1. Former, prior—otten 
to be rendered first: so, at 1, 
28, 4. — 2. Btfore one iu estima- 
tion ; superior, more excellent, 
better, pr^erable, WST &up. : 

pris-t&iiu, tXna, tXnum, adj. 
[obsol. pris, " bef ore "] 1 . Former, 
early, primitive, priUine. — 2. Old, 

prl-TU, comp. adv. [adverbial 
neuter of pri-or] 1 , Before, sooner : 
prius quam, be/ore that.—2, Be- 
/oretime, previously. 

prtv&tns, a, um : 1. P. perf. 
pass. of privo.— 2. Pa.: Apart 
/rom the state, helonging io an in- 
iiividual person, privale. — As 
Subst. : prlTfttus, i, m. A 
private person. 

priv-o, &vi, &tum, ftre, 1. v. a. 
[priv-ns, "eingle"] ("To make 
privus " ; henoe) To bereave, de- 
prive.—Vaaa, : prlv-or, atua 
8um, ftri. 

pro, prep. gov. abl. case: 1. 
B^ore, in/ront of.—2, For, on be- 
hal/ o/.— 3. On aceount o/ [akin 
to Sans. pra ; Gr. irpo]. 

prfib-o, avi, &tam, dre, 1. v. a. 

[pr5b-u8, "good"] ("To repr«i- 
sentas good"; hence) To prore, 
show,demonstrate. — Pass.: pr5b- 
or, &tus Bnm, ari. 

pr5c-ax, acis, adj. [proc-o, 
"to ask"] ("Prone to ask"; 
hence) Bold, shameless, impudent, 
insolent, /ortcard, wanton. 

proculcatus, a, um, P. 
perf. pass. of proculco ;— supply 
nos (i.e. ranas) with proculcatas, 
1, 32, 10. 

prO-cuIco, cnlc&vi,culc&tum, 
culc&re, 1. Y. a. [for pro-calco ; 
from pro, " downwards " or 
"down"; calco, " to tread"] 
To tread doun, trample upon. — 
Pass. : pr5-culcor, culc&tos 
sum, culc&ri. 

pr5-d-do. Ivi or li, Ttum, Ire, 
V. n. [pro, " lorth or forwards " ; 
d, epenthetic ; eo, " to go "J To 
go, or come,/orth or /orwards. 

pr5-do, dldi, dltum, d{^re, 3. 
V. a. [pro, " forth or forwards " ; 
do, " to put "] (" To put forth 
or f orwaixis " ; hence) To make 
known, rtlate, report, record; 
sometimes with Dat. [§ 106, (2)]. 

prcellum, li, n. A batUe, 
combat, engagement. 

pr5-f8ro, tuli, latum, ferre, 
3. V. a. [pro, "foith" ; fero," to 
carry"] ("To carry forth"; 
hence) To put out ov/orth. 

pr5-fti8:Io, fugi, ffigltum, 
ffigSre, 3. V. n. [pro, " forth " ; 
ffiglo, " to flee"] To fiee /orUi or 

pr5g:Sn-Ies, lei, f. [progigno, 
" to b^et or bring forth," 
through root progen] (" A be- 
getting or bringing forth" ; 
hence) Offspring. 

pr-51-es, is, f . [for pro-ol-es ; 
fr. pro, "forth"; ol, root of 
ol-esco, " to grow "] (" That 
which grows forth " ; hence) Of 
persoDS : Offspring, progeny. 

pr515sus, i, m. Aprologue 



promissns, a, nm, P. perf. 
pass. of prdmitto. 

pro*mittOf misi, missum, 
mittgre, 3. v. a. [pro, " forth " ; 
mitto, " to allow to go "] (" To 
allow to go forward, to put or 
sendforth"; hence) To hold out 
the expectation, efe., of a thing ; 
io promisef to give hope or promiie 
o/.—PaBs.: prO-mittor, missus 
Bum, mitti. 

pr5p-e, adv. [obsol. pr5p-is, 
" near] Nearly, altnost. 

prOp-Ior, lus, comp. adj. 
[obsol. prop-is, " near "] Nearer, 

closer, nigh^T' IBS^ Sup.: prox 
Imus (=prop>simiis). 

prdpds-Itam, Iti, n. [pro. 
pdno, "to point ont, state," 
through true root propos] (" That 
irvhich is pointed out or stated " ; 
hence) 1. A statenient^ asser- 
iion. — 2« A purpose, design, plan. 

prOprlas, a, um, adj. Not 
in comnwn with others, one^s oirn, 
i.e. his, her, its oicn. — As Subst. : 
propriomf li, n. ThcU which 
belongs to one, or is on€s own. 

prop-ter, adv. and prep. 
[prop-is, "near"; suflflx ter] 
("Near" locally ; hence) 1. 
Adv. Near, hard hy. — 2. Prep. 
gov. acc.: Of cause, elc. : On ac' 
eount of, hy reason of, for, be- 
cause of. 

pro-rsns, adv. [contraoted 
fr. proversus ; fr. pro, " before or 
in front " ; versus, "turned"] 
(" Tumed before; hence) 1, 
Towards, right onwards. — 2 • 
Straightway, predsely, exactly, en- 
tirely, altogether. 

prospec-to, tavi, t&tnm, 
tare, 1. v. a. intens. [proBpicio, 
no. 2, through truo root pko- 
SPEC] To look towards, etc. 

proH9pXcIo, spexi, spectum, 
spIcSre, 3. v. a. [for pro-specio ; 
fr. pro ; specio, " to look at or 
Bee"] 1. [pro, "before"] ("To 
see" something "before" one; 

ffiaad, I, and n. t 

hence) To obserre, descry.— 2. 
[pro, "forward"] ("To look 
f orward at " ; hence) Of locali- 
ties, etc: To have or command 
a view of; to look towards, over- 

prozXmus, a, um, sup. adj. 
[for prop-slmus ; see propior] 1. 
Nearest.^2. With Dat. [§ 106, 
(1)] Privy to, connected with, 

prndens, ntis, adj. [contract- 
ed fr. pro-videns ; fr. pro, " be- 
fore "; videns, " seeing "] 1. 
Foreseiing, /oreknowing. — 2. 
Wise, discreet, prudent, 

pmdent-Ia. laj, f. [prudens, 
prudent-is] (" The quality of the 
prudens"; hence) 1. Foresight, 
a foreseeing. — 2. Knowledge.—Z, 
SagacUy, practicaljudgment, prud- 

ptLd-So, tii (and impers. itum 
est), no sup., ere, 2. v. a. To 
shame, cause ihame fo.— Impers.: 
It shames, causes shame to [§ 184] 
[akin to Sans. root vtY, "ta 

ptid-or, dris, m. [pud-eo, 
•*to be ashamed"] ("A being 
ashamed " ; hence) Shame, a 
sense of shame, modesty, 

piiel-la, lae, f. dim. [for ptler- 
la; fr. pli6r-a, "a girl"] A 
lUtleoryounggirl; a Uus, maiden. 

pHgr-na, nse, f. [pug, root of 
pu(n)g-o, "to Btab"] (" The 
Btabbing thing " ; henoe) A fighty 
combat, battle. 

pol-cher, clira, chrum, adj. 
[for pol-cher ; fr. p61-Io, " to 
polish "] (" Polished " ; hence) 
Fair, beauti/ul. 

polchr-e, adv. [pulcljor, 
pulchr-i, "beautifal"] ("Beau- 
tifully " ; hence) Excellently.fiue- 
Z//;— pulchre negare, to deny spe- 
ciously, 1, 10, 10. 

pallus, i, m. A young one, 
wnether of an animal or bird 
[prob. Qr. it^\o^, "a 3'oung 



pnlsas, a, um, F. perf . pass. 
of pello. 

por-^, gavi, gatum, gftre, 1. 
V. a. [pnr-U8, ''clean"] (" To 
make clean, cleanse " ; hence) 
With Abl. [J 123] : To clsar or 

ptltans, ntis, P. pres. of 

ptit-o, avi, atum, &re, 1. v. a. 
[put-ns, " clean," efc.] (" To make 
clean," ac.\ henoe, mentally, " to 
clear up"; hence) To thinkf 
deemy euppox, conjecture. 

queerens, utis, F. pres. of 

qTUBro, qusesivi or qusBsli, 
quassltum, quasrere, 8. t. a. : 1. 
To seek to get or procure ; to seek 
or seareh for. — 2. To seek to 
leam; to cisk or inquire, — Pass.: 
quaeror, quaBtitus sum, quaeri. 

quaeso, V. def. Ipray ;prithee. 

qnees-no, tlOnis, f . [quaer-o, 
"to seek," through root QU2E8] 
An inquiring or asking; aqttes- 

quffiS-tns, tus, m. [quaero, 
" to gain " ; id.] (" A gaining " ; 
hence) Oainj profUy advaniage. 

qn9,-lis, le, pron. adj. Ofwhat 
sortf kind, or nature; what sort 
o/, etc. [akin to Sans. ka-s, 
" who ? "]. 

qnam, adv. [adverbial acc. 
fem. of quis] 1. How [§149].— 
2. After comparative adjectives, 
or words involving the idea of 
oomparison or differcnoe (alius, 
aliter, efc.) Than, 

qnam-vls, adv. and conj. 
[quam, "as" ; vis, 2. pers. sing. 
pres. indic. of 2. volo] 1, Adv. : 
As you willy as you like. — 2. Conj. 
[§ 152, 1, (5)] However, although, 

1. qnant-nm, odv. [quant- 
us] So nwch aSf as much as, how 

2. qnantnm, neut. of quant- 
us : eee quantua. 

qna-ntns, nta, ntnm, adj. 
[akin to qua-ILs] [$ 149] How 
muehy how great: aometiineB in 
neut. with Gten. of " thing mea* 
sured" [$ 131]; see 1, 12, 15; 
2, 4, 25. 

qn&-re, adv. [abl. fem. of 
quis ; abl. of res] 1. From what 
causet on what accountf where^ 
fore t why t — 2. For which rauon, 

qnar-tns^ ta, tum, adj.[contr. 
fr. quatuor-tns ; fr. quatuor, 
" four ••] Fourth. 

qn&-8i, oonj,, [for quam*«i; 
fr. quam, " as " ; si, "if"] 
[} 152, I, (6)] As if, as tJtough, 
Just as if, as it were. 

qne, conj. ^iu^:— que . . • 
que, both , . . and [akin to tc]. 

qnercns, tks, f. An oak. 

qnSr-Sla, ^laB, f . [quer-^r] ^i 
eomplaining, complaint, lameRta- 

qnSror, qnestns snm, qn&i, 
3. V. dep. : 1, To complain of. — 
2. To complain, lament, bewail 
[root QUES or quer, akin to Sans. 
iDot gvAS, "to sigh"]. 

qnea-tns, tQs, m. [fr. quer- 
or, through root ques] A com' 
piaining^ a complaint, 

1. qni, qua3,quod((}en.cQjus; 
Dat. cui), pron. rel. and inter- 
rog.: 1, Relative : a. Who, which: 
— sometimes pnt alone for rela- 
tive and demonstrative ; BO,quod 
for id qttod, 1, 1, 7 ; so, 1, 22, 6 : 
also at 1, 29, 2, before qui supply 
eis, which is linked to avaris by 
et. — b. At the beginning of a 
clanse, instead of a demonstra- 
tive pronoun and conjunction : 
And this, etc. — e.WithSubj.: (a) 
To denote a cause or reason: 
Because, since.—(b) To point out 
an intention, deragn, or pnrpose 
[§ 160] : That, in order that, to: 
33, 9,— (c) To with English Inf.; 



Eee 2, Epil. 9.~d. Attracts the 
Bubstantive from the demonstra- 
tive clanse: Prol. Bk. 1. 1. — 
e. Preoedes the demonstrative 
cIsnBe for the purpoee of impart- 
Ing emphaais to the statement 
by throwing the force of the de- 
monstrative immediately upon 
the verb or other goveming 
word : Prol. Bk. 1, 1. — 2. Inter- 
rogative : What; of uhat sort or 

2. qni, adv. [adverbial abl. of 
1. quij In lohat manner f hoto t 

qnl-a, conj. [adverbial old 
acc. plur. of 1. qnij [§ 152, n cl)] 

qnl-cnmqne, qnae-cumque, 
quod-cumquo (G^n., cGjus-cum- 
que ; Dat., cui-cumque), pron* 
rel. W7u>ever, everyone tcho, every- 
thing that. 

1. qnid, adv. [adverbial acc. 
of quis] On lehatcuxountt tchyt 

2. quid ; see quis. 
qnl«dam, qusB-dam, qnod- 

dam or qnid-dam (Gen., cQjns- 
dam; Dat.,cnl-dam),pron.indef. 
[qnl, in " indefinite" force ; suf- 
fiz dam] A certain person or 
thing; Plnr. «Wi^, certain.-^Aa 
Subst.: Someone,somebody,tome- 
thing; with qoidam ex illis (1, 
8, 18) supply inqnit. 

qnXdem, adv. Indeed, truly. 

qnldqnam ; see qmsquam. 

qnldqnid ; see quisquis. 

qnXet-ns, a, nm, adj. [quie- 
sco, "to be quiet"; through 
root QUIET] Qftiet, calm. 

qnl-Ubet, quae-llbet, qnod- 
Ubet (Oen. : cujus-llbet ; Dat. : 
oui-Ubet), pron. indef. [qui, 
"who"; libet, "it pleases"] 
Anyone, etc., toTiom you tDiU; 

qnin-tns, ta, tum, adj. [for 
qumqu-tus; fr.quinqu-e,"five"J 

qni-ppe, conj. [for quip-te ; 

fr. qui, abl. of relatlve pronoun 
qui ; sufflx ptej (** From which 
very thing " ; hence) Inasmucli 
as, because. 

1. qnis, qnae, qnid (Gen., 
cujus ; Dat.,cui),pron.interrog.: 

1. What person or thing? tchat 
sort 0/ A person or thing ?— 2. 
[$149]: Whof tffhich onet tehatt 
[Tis,"who? whlch?"]. 

2. qnis, no fem., quid, pron. 
indef. Anyone, anyhody ; any- 
tfiing [ti9, " anyone"J. 

qnis-nam, quse-nam, quid- 
nam (Gren., cujus-nam ; Dat., 
cui-nam), pron. iuterrog. [1. quis ; 
snfflx namj Who, tchich, tchat 
(person or thing) pray t 

qnis-qnam, qu8e-quam,quic- 
quam or quid-quam (den., cujus- 
quam ; Dat., cui-quam), pron. 
indef. [2. quis ; suffix qnam]Any 
person or thing. 

qnis-qne, qusB-que, quod-qno 
(and as subst. : quic-qne, quid- 
que), (Gen., cujus-que ; Dat.,cui- 
que), pron. indef. [2. quis ; suffix 
quej Eaeh, every.—Aa Subst. : 
Everyone; everything; each per- 
son or tking. 

qnis-qnis, no fem., qnod- 
quod or quic-quid or quid-quid, 
pron. indef. Whatever, ivhaiso- 
ever, person or thing.— AsSubst.: 
W?u>ever, tchosoever; tchatever, 

qno, adv. [for quo-m, oldform 
of que-m, acc. of 1. qui] 1. Rela- 
tive : a. To or in tchieh place ; 
whither.—h. [§ 152, r, (2)] To the 
end that, in order ihat.—2, In- 
definite: AnytehUher. 

qnod, conj. [adverbial neut. 
acc. of 1. quij 1. That, in tfiat. — 

2. [5 162, u, (1)]: Since, since 
that, becatise. — 3. Whereas. 

qnod-si, conj. [qu6d, " but"; 
si, "if^J^tt^iA 

qnon-dam, adv. [for quom- 
dam ; f r. quom, old f orm of quem. 
acc. of 1. qui ; snffix, damj At a 

c 2 



certain time; at one time, onee 
upon a time^formerly. 

qa5n-Iam, adv. [for quom- 
jam ; fr. qnom=qaam ; jam] 
[$ 152, n, (1)] Since noiOt seeing 
thenf because, tchereas. 

qa5qae, conj. Also, too; 
placed after the word to be em- 

qa6t - 1 - dXe, adv. [quot, 
" every, each " ; (1) ; die, abl. of 
dies, "a day"] Oneachox everj 
day; on all days; daily. 

qaaxn, adv. and conj. [for 
qaom, old form of quem, acc. of 
1. qui] 1. Adv. [§153, (1)]: When. 
-2. Conj. [$ 152, I, (3)] : As, 
since, seeing that. 

r&m-Qsu0, Sea, team, adj. 
[ram-as, " a branch "] (" Fall of 
or abounding in ramtts"; henoe) 
Of a 8tag'8 horns: Branching, 
having many branches. 

r9.ma8, i^m. Abranch,bottgh, 

rana, aa, f. Afrog. 

r&p-Ina, Inae, f. [rap-io] A>&- 
bery, plunder, pillage, rapine. 

r&p-Io, tii, tum, 6re, 3. v. a.: 
1. Toseizeandcarryoff; tosnatch 
atBay,^2, To seize and carry offby 
force or mth violence ; to rob, plun- 
d«r.— Pass. : r&p-Xor, tus sum, 
i [akin to dpir-d^a>, "to seize"]. 

rap"tor, tdris, m. [rap-io] A 
robber, plunderer; at 1, 33, 5 ap- 
plied to the kite. 

raptos, a, um, P. perf. pass. 
of r&plo. 

rar-o, adv. [rar-us, "rare"] 
Rarely, seldom: non raro, (not 
rarely, i.e.) frequently ; see non. 

rS-cXpIo, cepi, ceptum, c!p- 
6re, 3. v. a. [for r6.-capto ; fr. 
re, "back again"; cS,pIo, "to 
take "] To take back again :— re- 
cipere corpus, to take one^s body 
back again, i.e. to retum, retire. 

rS-c51o, c51!ii, cuitum, col&re, 
8, V, ». [r6, " again"; cOlo, " to 

inhabit"] To inhabit again, re- 
visit a place. 

rect-a, adv. [adverbial abl. 
of rect-us, "straight"] Straight- 
way, straight-fortcard, right on, 

rdd-do, Ivi or \i, Ttum, Ire, 
v. n. [red (=re), "back"; eo, 
" to go"] To go or come badb ; to 

rSdire, inf. pres. of rSdSo. 

rSfdrens, ntis, P. pres. o£ 

re-fSro, tiili, latum, ferre, 
V. a. irreg. [re, " back " ; fero, 
" to bring "] (" To bring back" ; 
hence) 1. Todrate back: referre 
pedem, (to drato back thefoot, i.e.) 
io retire, tBUhdrato. — 2. To givein 
Kelum ; to recompense, repay, re- 
quite. — 3. To r^er. — 4. To relate, 

rS-fert, tfilit, ferre, v. n. im- 
pers. [for rem-fert ; fr. rem, acc. 
sing. of res; fert, 3. pers. sing. 
pres. indic. of fero] (" It bears 
one'saflfair orprop^rty"; hence) 
1 . Jt imports or coneems.—2 . It be- 
iongs or relates. R^ert is strictly 
an impersonal verb ; but it is some- 
times found with a neuter nomi- 
native of a pronoun or adjective. 
It is followed by a genitive of 
the person, with the exoeption of 
the ablatives singular feminine 
m^, tud, sud, no^rd, vestrd, and 
also cnfd :—q\dd refert meft, tohat 
dofs it concem me, or tJD?iat does it 
relate to my affairs t [§ 1 29, a^ . 

res-S.ll8, &Ie, adj. [rex,reg-i8, 
"aking"] Of, or belonging to, a 
king ; kingly, royal, regal. 

regr-nam, i, n. [reg-o](" That 
which rules *' ; hence) 1, J)om' 
inion, sovereignty. — 2. A kingdom, 

r5<olclo, jeci, jectum, jloere, 
3. v. a. [for r6-jficIo; fr, r6, 
" back" ; jacto, " tocast"] ("To 
cast back"; hence) 1. To drive 
away, repel, — 2. To r^eet. 

rlllKlo, onis, f. Religion. 

r5Uqa-l8e, Iftrum, f. [re- 



ll(n)qu-o, " to leave"] The leav- 
ingSt remains, 

rSUqa-U8, a, um, adj. [id.] 
L^t behind. remaining .* at 1 , 83, 
18 rdiquis is a quadrisyllable :— 
supply GoIumbis« 

rd-mSd-Inm, Yi, n. [re, 
" again " ; med-eor, " to heal "] 
("That which heals again"; 
hence) A cure, remedy. 

rS-pello, ptUi, pnlsum, pell- 
6re, 3. v. a. [re, " back " ; pello, 
"todrive"] To drive back, re- 
pulse, repel.—Fass, : rd-pellor, 
pulsus sum, pelli. 

rd-pendo, pendi, pensum, 
pendfire, 3. v. a. [re, " back again "; 
pendo, " to weigh "] (" To weigh 
back again" ; hence) To repap, 
recompense, requite. — Pass.: rB- 
pendor, pensus sum, pendi. 

rSpent-e, adv. [repens, re- 
pent-is, " sudden "] On a sudden, 

rS-pdrlo, p6ri (also rep-p5ri), 
pertnm, pfirlre, 4. v. a. [for re- 
I)ario ; fr. re, " again " ; pario, 
"to produce"] (" To produce 
again"; hence) 1. To find, meet 
tfitt.— 2. Tofindout,discover.—3, 
To invenU devise. 

r§-pl8o, plevi, pletum, plere, 
2. V. a. [re, in " intensive " force ; 
pleo, "to fill"] With Abl. [§ 119, 
bj: To make quite fuU : tofill. 

rSposcens, ntis, P. pres. of 

rS-posco, perhaps no perfect 
nor supine, poecere, 3. v. a. [re, 
" ngain " ; posoo, " to ask for "] 
To ask for again, to demand 

re-prlmo, pressi, pressnm, 
prlmfire, 3. v. a. [for re-pr6rao ; 
fr. re, " back " ; prfimo, " to 
press"] ("To press back"; 
hence) To repress, check, restrain. 

rSptidl-o, avi, §.tum. &re, 1. 
V. a. [repudi-uni, " divorce "] 
("To divorce" ; hence) Toscom, 
disdain, repudiate. 

rSpul-sa, 88B, f. [repel-lo, 
" to drive back " ; henoe, *• to 
refuse" ; throngh root rEPUL] 
A refusal, denial, repulse. 

rSpnlsas, a, um, P. perf. 
pass. of rgpeilo. 

rS-quiro qulslvi, qulsltnm, 
qulrgre, 8. v. a. [for re-quaero ; 
fr. re, " again " ; quaBro, " to 
seek "] To seek again ; seck after, 

rg-s, rei, f . (" That which is 
ppoken of " ; hence) 1, A thing, 
matter,affair.— 2, Circumstance, 
fact. — 3. Property, possessions 
[akin to pd-u, ** to say or tell "]. 

rSsIdens, ntis, P. pres. of 

rd-sIdSo, sedi, no sup., sTd- 
5re, 2. v. n. [for re-sedeo ; fr. re, 
" back " ; sedeo, " to sit "] (" To 
sit back.remain sitting "; hence) 
Of a bird : To settle or perch. 

rS-sisto, sttti, no sup., sist- 
5re, 3. v. n. rr6, " back " ; Fisto, 
" to stand*'] To stand baek, siand 
still, halt. 

re-spondSo, spondi, spon- 
sum, spondere, 2. v. a. [re, *' in 
return " ; Fpondeo, " to promise 
solemnly "](" To promisetolemn- 
ly in retum " ; hence) To answer, 
reply, respond. 

re-sto, stTti, no sup., stfire, 1. 
V. n. [re, " behind " ; sto, " to 
stand "] To stand or stop behind; 
to stand still. 

rStentus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass. of r6tTn6o. 

re-tXn8o, tTntLi, tentum, tln- 
5re, 2. v. a. [for re-teneo ; fr. 
re, " back " ; teneo, " to hold "] 
1, To hold back.—2, Todetain. — 
Pass.: rd-tIn6or, tentus sum, 

re-tro, adv. [re, "back"] 
Back^ backwards. 

rdtiidi, perf. ind. of retundo. 

rS-tundo, tQdi (also rettudi), 
tusum or tunsum, tundSre, 3. 
v. a. [re, " back " ; tuudo, " to 



beat or strike "] (« To beat 
back" ; hence) To check. 

revertier; seerevertor. 

rS-vertor, versus sam, verti 
(with affix er, vertfer, 2, 6, 14), 
3. V. dep. [re, "back"; vertor 
(pass. of verto, " to turn," in re- 
flexive force), "to turn one'8 
self "J To tum one^s u\f back; to 

rSvdc&ssem, for rSvdcavis- 
(sem, pluperf. subj. of rSvSoo. 

r8«v5co, vdc&vi, vScAtum, 
v&care, 1. v. a. [re, •• inretom" ; 
voco, " to invite "] To invite in 

rex, rSgis, m. [forreg-s; fr. 
reg-o, "to rule"] (" He who 
mles " ; hence) 1. A king.—2, 
A ticfi or powerful man. 

Rhddos (-118), U t' Rhodoa 
or Rhodu» (now Rhodes), an is- 
land on the coast of Asia Minor, 
celebrated for its Coloasns, its 
school of rhetoric, the skill of its 
people in navigation, and— ac- 
cording to Phaedrus, 2, 5, 2— for 
the h^thiness of itsclimate. — 
Bhodi, At Ehodes [§121,B. a.] 
['Pdao?, prob. pdSovt "a rose"; 
and so, "Bose-island"]. 

rid-So, ilsi, risum, rldere, 2. 
V. n. and a.: 1. Neut.: To laugh. 
— 2. Act.: To laugh at, deride. — 
Faas. : rid-Sor, perhape no perf ., 
eri [prob. akin to Boeotian leptfi- 
£w=YeAdM, " to laugh"]. 

ri-8U8, 8US, m. [for rid-sns ; 
fr. rid-eoj A laughingt laughter ; 
a laugh. 

rl-vus, vi, m. (" That which 
flows " ; hence) A stream of 
water ; a brook [akin to Gr. 
pc-b» ; Sans. root bru, " to 

ro-b-ur, 6ris, n. (" The strong 
thing " ; hence) The oak [prob. 
akhi to p«, root of pufjnn/fii, " to 
Btrengthen "J. 

r5do, rdsi, roaum, rOdSre, 3. 
V. a. To gnaw, nibble. 

rSgans, ntis, P. pres. of 

rograsset, for rOgavisset, 3. 
pers. sing. pluperf. subj. of rogo. 

r5g-o, ftvi, fttum, ftre, 1. v.a.: 
1.: a. Toask.—l}, With Aoo. of 
person and Acc. of thing [§ 98] : 
2'o ask one /or something. — 2. 
To beg, request, supplicate ; with 
ut with Snbj. 1, 21, 4. 

RSxna, 8B, f. Botne; a dty of 
central Italy, on the bfuiks of the 
Tiber, the capital of the Boman 
Empire [usually considered akin 
to ^(tffii;, "strength"; but per- 
haps connected with p^-a>, " to 
flow " ; pev-fia, " a stream or 
river" ; akin to Sans. root SRU, 
" to flow " ; and so, " Theatream- 
or river-clty "], 

ro8-tram, tri, n. [for rod- 
trum ; fr. rodo, " to gnaw "] 
("The accomplisher of gnaw- 
ing"; hence) 1. A bill, beak. — 
2. A snout. 

rSsfiras, a, um, P. fut. of 

riidl8, e, adj, (" Unwrought, 
rude" ; hence) With Gen. : 1. 
Jgnorant o/, uncKguainted with. — 
2. Young: non mdis, not poung, 
i.e. ofd. 

rtlg-5sa8, osa, osum, adj. 
[rug-a, "a wrinkle"] Full of 
wrinkles, wrinkled. 

ril-ina, Inae, f. [ru-o, " to fall 
down"] A tumbling or falling 
dnwn; afall. 

m(m)p-o, rflpi, ruptum, 
rumpere, 3. v. a.: 1. To tear, 
breaki burst, rend asunder; to 
bura open.—2, Of living crea- 
tures : To burst.—VoBs.: ru(m)p* 
or, ruptussum,rumpi [root bup, 
akin to Sanscrit root LUP, "to 
bi^eak, destroy"]. 

ril-o, i, tum, Sre, 3. v. n. : 1 . 
Tofalldoicn.—2. To go io ruin, 
to perisli. 

ruptus, a, um, F. perf. pass. 
of rumpo. 



Vturaiu, adv. rcontr. fr. revor- 
8U8, " tumed back "] (" Turned 
back " ; hence, " backwards " ; 
hence) Again. 

ras-tXcus, tTca, tXcum, adj. 
[for rnr-ticus ; fr. rus, rur-is, 
" tke country "] (y, or belonging 
tOf the cotmtry ; eountry-. — As 
Sutast.: a. rosticas, i, m. A 
comtrymem; a rustic, peasant. — 
b. rnstlca, a^, f. Of a flj : ^ 

sabbftttim, i, n. Mostly plnr- 
al: ("The Sabbath" of the 
Jews ; hence) Saturdaj/ : quibus- 
qne Sabbatis, Abl. '* of time, 

sacctts, i, m. A sack, hag 
[vaicKOf, "asack"]. 

B8ep-«, adv. [obsol. ssep-is, 
*'thathappen8 often, frequent"] 
Qflentimes, oflm, frequtntly. 

Bseyns, a, um, adj. Cruel, 

1. sal-tus, tiis, m. [s&l-To] A 
leaping; a leap, spring, bound. 

2. saltas, tls, m. A forest- 
patlure, woodland-pasture, wood- 
land, forest [akin to oAo-of, " a 

saifibr-Itas, Ttatis, f . [saifib- 
er, 8&lfibr-iB, " healthy "] (" The 
state t>r quality of the saluber" ; 
hence) Ilealthiness, salubrity. 

s&ltltandas, a, um, Gierund- 
ive of sfilGto. 

sSlntans, ntis, P. pres. of 

sftlQtaturas, a, um, P. fut. 
of s&IQto. 

s&ltlt-o, &vi, fitum, are, 1. 
V. a. [saluB, Balflt-is, " health "] 
To un^ health to, to greet, to salute. 

salve ; eee salveo. 

salv-fio, no perf. nor pup., 
ere, 2. v. n. [salv-us, "well"] 

1, Tobe vell or in good health. — 

2. As aterm of salutatlon : Im- 
perat.: Salve, (Be of goodhealth) 

IIow are yotit I hope you are 
weli, good-day. 

salv-us, a, um, adj. (" Whole, 
entire " ; hence) £iafe, unhurt, 
trell, sound [akin to Sans. sarv-ciy 
♦♦ all " ; Gr. oA-09, " whole "]. 

sano-tas, ta, tum, adj. 
[sanc-To, "to render, or make, 
sacred " ; hence) Sacred, venera' 

sS,n-e, adv. [san-us. " sound 
in mind"] ("Soundly"; hence) 
WeU, truhj, of a truth. 

sanguis, sanguTnis, m. 
("Blood"; hence) Race, stock, 
family [akin to Sans. asan, 
« blood "]. 

s&pX-ens, entis, adj. [sapi-o, 
"to be wise"] Wise, sensihle, dis- 
creet, judicious. — As Subst. m. : 
A ujxse man, 

s&pIent-Xa, Tse, f. [sapicns, 
sapient-is] (" The quality of the 
sapiens " ; hence) 1. Wisdom. — 
2. Oood sense, discretion, discreei- 
ness, prudence, 

sarc-£Qa, Tnas, f. [sarc-io, 
"to patch"] ("A patched 
thing " ; hence) A package, 
bundle, paek.—Tlnr.: Baggage. 

sSt-IO, T&vi, T&tum, T&re, 1. 
V. a.: 1, To satisfy. — 2. Pass. in 
reflexive force : To satisfy one*s 
self, etc— Pass. : sat-Xor, Tatua 
sum, Tari [root sat. akin to Gr. 
aS-eo), " to be sated "]. 

s&t-is, adv. (" In a satisfying 
way or manner" ; hence) Su^- 
iently, enough [id.]. 

scando, scandi, scansum, 
scandCrc, '6. v. n. To climb^ 
mount, clamber up [akin to Sans. 
root SKAND, "to leap upwards, 
to mount"]. 

scSles-tus, ta, tnm, adj. [for 
sceler-tus ; fr. sc&lus, sc?I6r- 
is, " wickedness "] (" Having 
seelus " ; hence) Wicked, viUain" 

schSla, fB, f. (" Leisure given 
to leaming"; bence) Aplace of 



learning or instrueiion; a ichool 
[Gr. txok^t '* ispaie time, lei- 

scierint, 8. pers. plar. future 
perf . of scio. 

8€^0, BCiTi and scli, scltam, 
ficlse, 4. y. a. To know^ under- 
stand:—Bt Epil. 2, 3, before sci» 
rent supply homines. 

8c5ptUu8, l, m. A projecting 
point of rock; a roek, cliff, erag 
[Gr. aKonikoi, *' & look-out 

Bcrib-O, Bcripsi, fcriptnm, 
scrlbere, 3. v. a. !7b icrite. — Pass.: 
8Crib*oi*, scriptus Eum, scribi 
[akin to ypanffio]. 

8crip1rQ8, a, um, P. perf. pase. 
of scnbo. 

8Cr1it*or, &tus sum, firi, 1. 
V, dep. [scnit-a, *' trampery, 
mbbish, rags," etc.] (" To search 
even to the rags " ; hencc) 7b 
teareh thoroughliff examin^ care- 

scj^hns, i, m. A cup, goblet 

88 (rednplicated sesS), acc. 
and abl. of sni. 

8Scre-tas, ta, tum, adj. [se- 
cerno, "to separate," through 
root BKCRE] (" Separated " ; 
henoe) Betired, remote, xolUary. 

8dC"tmdtL8, unda, undum, 
ndj. [for sequ-undus : fr. sequ-or, 
•' to follow "J (•' Following " ; 
hence) Next, second. 

8dc-tlri8, tiris, f. [sSc-o, "to 
cut"] («Tho cutting thing"; 
hence) An axe, haU:het. 

8S-cfU*-ii8, a, um, adj. [se (= 
Bine), " without "; cur-a, " care "] 
1, Without care, free from care, 
careless, unconcemed. — 2. Free 
fronx danger, safe. secure. 

sSd, conj. [sanic word as Bed= 
BiDe, "without"] ("Without or 
apart from, setting asidc "; beuce) 
But, yet, 

8Sdaii8, ntii*, P. pres. of sc<io. 

88d-0o, sedi, sessum, sCdcrc, 

2. T. n. (" To sit down " ; hence) 
To sit in court or on the bench ; to 
sit as judge [akin to Sans. root 
8AD ; Gr. i^ofiai ( = e6-<rofiai)t 
" to sit "]. 

86d-e8, is, f. [B&d-So, " to 6it "; 
hence] (" That on which one 
sits" ; hence) A duelting place, 
habitation, ahode. 

8Sd-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[akin to s6d-6o] ("To cause to 
sit, to seat" ; hence)" 1. To ap- 
pease, allay, calm, assuage.—2, 
Of thirst : To quench.—S, Of the 
dust : To lay. 

s8m-el, adv. Once [akin to 
Gr. 6/UI-09, " one and the same " ; 
Sans. sa, sam, " one"]. 

sSmX-IUiXm-as, a, um, adj. 
[semi, " half " ; anim-a, " life"] 
("Having only half the life"; 
hence) But half alive, half dead. 

Beznl-plSnns, plena, plenum, 
adj. [semi, " hait " ; plenns, 
".full"] Ilalf-full, half-fUled. 

sem-per, adv. Ever, alwatfs, 
at all times [akin to Sans. sam-a, 
inforceof "aU"]. 

sSn-&rXa8, firla, arlum, Ddj. 
[sen-i, "six each"J Of, or per- 
taining to, six each; containing 
six each ; senarian ; — versus 
seuarius, a senarian (or iambic) 
verse, so called from its consist- 
ing of six iambic feet or their re- 

sSn-ex, is, adj. comm. gen. 
[sen-eo, " to be old "] Otd, aged, 
advanced in years. — As Subst.: 
comm. gcn.: a. An old man, old 
person; — at Prol. 2, 8, senis=: 
PhjBtiri.— b. Of a dog: An old 

senis, gen. sing. of sencx. 

sen-BUS, Bus, m. [forsent-sus ; 
fr. sent-loj 1. Feeling, sense. — 2. 

sentent-Ia, Tse, f .[forscntient- 
ia ; fr. sentiens, sentient-is, 
"thinking"] ("A thinkiug"; 
hence, " on opinion " ; hence) A 



dedsUmt judgment, decree, vote, 

sentito, sensi, sensam, sentlre, 
4. y. a. To discem hy the senses ; 
tofeel, perceive, be sensible o/. 

s6pS,ra-ttU3, ta, tum, adj. 
[separ(a)-o, " to separate "] [^- 
parated, distinct. 

sept-Xmus, Xma, Imnm, nnm. 
ord. adj. [sept-em, "seven"] 

8dqn*or. tltns sum, i, 3. v. 
dep. Tofoilovo [akin to cir-o/uiai ; 
Sans. root 8ach]. 

sems, a, um, adj. : 1. LcUe, 
that is late.—2. Too JcUe, 

serv-Xo, Ivi and li, Itum, Ire. 
4. V. n. [serv-us, **a slave"] 
With Dat. [$ 106, (4)]: l.Tobea 
slaveto, serve. — 2. To be ofservice 
to, have regard toov carefor, 

serv-Itas, Itutis, f. [serv-us, 
" a slave "] (*' The state, or con- 
dition of , the servus " ; hcnce) 

serv-o, &vi, fitum, Src, 1. v. a.: 
1. To preserve, keep. — 2. To give 
heed, or pay attention, to ; to teep, 
etc. [okin either to epv-t», ipv- 
ofxai. " to draw or drag," and so, 
** to draw away or rescue " from 
an enemy, etc; or to Sans. sarv-a, 
*'whole, entire," and so, J*to 
make or keep whole," etc.]. 

servii-lus, li, m. dim. [for 
serv6-lus ; fr. servus, (uncontr. 
pen.) servo-i, "a slave"] A liUle 
or young slave; a Have-boii. 

serv-UB, i, m. (" One dragged 
nway " or '♦ takcn captive " ; 
lience) A slave, servant [epu-w, 

se-se, rcduplicated acc. and 
abl. of pron. sui. 

sSt-osus, osa, usum, adj. [sct-n, 
"a bristie''] Fvdl of bristles, 

sex, num. ad j. indecl . Six [t ^]. 

sex-tus, ta, tnm, num. adj. 
[cex] ("Provided with sex" ; 
hence) Sixth. 

si, conj. [5 162, m, (2)] ^ 

aXbi, ^* 0' Bui. 

8l-c [apocopated from ai-ce; 
i.e. si, akin to hic, is, ita; de- 
monstrative sufflx ce] 1.: a. In 
this manner, in such a manner, so, 
thus. — b. In introducing a state- 
ment: Jn the following toay, as 
follows. — 2. To such a degree, so 

SXciil-U8, a, nm, adj. [Sicnl-i, 
** The Siculi, or Siciliana "] Sicul" 
an, Sicilian. 

md-us, eris, n. (" Shape, form, 
appearance " ; henoe) 1. Plur. : 
Stars united in a flgure ; a groiqf 
ofstars; a heavenly body, eonstelU 
ation. — 2. Sing.: A star, heavenly 
body, constellation [Gr. ct-5o9, " an 
app^rance," etc.]. 

sigrn-Y-flc-o, ftvi, fttum, &re, 
1. V. a. [for sign-i-fac-o ; fr. sign- 
um, " a sign " ; (i) connecting 
vowel ; fac-io, " to make "] ('* To 
make signs about " ; hence) To 
show by signs; topoint out, signify, 
make knotcn, indiccUe, 

silva, ae, f. A tvood, forest 
[Gr. vAfij,*'wood"]. 

sim, pres. subj. of sum. 

slm-nis, Ile, adj. Wiih Dat. 
[5 106, (1)]; or with Gen. [Notea 
to Syntax, p. 13G, E]: Like, sim- 
ilar [akiu to Gr. bfi-ow; and 
Sans. sam-a, in force of " like "]. 

stmXl-Iter, adv. [simil-ia] /» 
like manner, similarly, 

sXm-Ius, li, m. [sim-us, *' flat- 
nosed"] (" One pertaining to 
simus"; i,e, " one having aflat 
nose"; hence) An ape. 

slm-ul, adv.: 1. At the same 
tiine.—2, As soon tu [nkin to 

stmtUa - crum, cri, n. 
[Rimul(a)-o, " to make like "] 
(" That which is made like " any 
object ; hence, " an image, efflgy ," 
etc. ; hence) A shadow, resem» 
1 blance. 



sXmiilaiui, ntis, F. pres. of 

slmiil-o, ftvi, Stum, fire, 1. 
V. a. [for eimil-o; fr. simil-is, 
"like"] ("To make"an object 
"like" to another; «to copy," 
etc.\ hence) To feign^ counter/eitf 

«[•n, adv. (apocopated from 
Bi-ne; fr. si, "if"; ne, "not"] 
J/not, i/ hotoevery i/ on the con- 
trary, fnit i/. 

8&ie, prep. goy. abl. [akin to 
se, "apart"] Without. 

sin - gtUas, Riila, gQInm 
(mostly plur.), adj. One by one, 
one a/ter another; at 1, 33, 11 
snpply eaa (t.e. colnmbas) with 
Ringulas. — As Subst. : a. sin- 
etUi, drum, m. plar. Persomone 
oy one, each. — b. singiUa, 
6mm, n. plur. Jndividual things, 
each thing [el^, ew, " one "]. 

sXnister, tra, trum, adj. 
(** Left, i.e. on the lef t hand " ; 
hence) Unpropitious, un/avour- 
able. Omens coming from the 
east were regarded as propitious, 
those from the west unpro- 
pitious; and as in taking them 
the Boman augurs turned their 
f aces to the north, the west would 
be on their left hand. 

sXtlens, ntis, P. pres. of sltlo. 

slt-to, ivi or li, no sup., ire,4. 
V. n. [sit-is, "thirst"] To he 
thirsty, to thirst. 

sl-tis, tis (Acc, sitim ; Abl., 
siti), f . (" A becx>ming exhausted ; 
exhaustion"; hence) Thirst [akin 
to Sans. root kshi, " to destxoy "; 
in Pass. , * * to become exhausted " ] . 

sScX-Stas, etatis, f. [soci-ns, 
*' comrade"] (" The state or con- 
dition of the aoeius** ; hence) 1. 
Fellowshipf asaocitition, union. — 
2. Partnership, co-partnership. 

sSdnB, li, m. A comrade,/el- 
low, partner, companion [akin to 
Sans. sakhi, " a friend"]. 

eol, 85Ii8, m.: 1. The sun;— 

Personified at 1, 6, 3. — 2. Day- 
time, day: sole medio [Abl. of 
time, § 102], at mid-day. 

s51a-tlam, tll, n. [sol(a)-or, 
"tooomfort"] Com/ort, consola- 
tion, aolace, 

s51-do, Ttus sum, ere, ?. v. n. 
semi-dep. To be wont or accuS' 

sSl-Xdns, Ida, Tdum, adj.: 1. 
Whole, entire. — 2. Firm, solid 
[prob. oA-oc]. 

soUtns, a, um, P. perf . of soleo. 

sollert-Xa, Tae. f. [sollers, 
pollert-is, "clever"] Clevemess, 
shrewdness, dexterity, adroitness. 

soll-X-cX-tns, ta, tum, adj. 
[soll-us (=.totus), "the whole"; 
(i) ; ci, root of ci-eo] (" WhoIIy, 
i.e. violently roosed or moved" ; 
hence) Troubledy anxious, solieit' 

s51u8, a, um (Oen., sollus; 
Dat. , soli) , ad j . Atone, on lu, sole. 

so-lvo, Ivi, lutum, Iv6re, 3. 
V. a. [for se-Iuo ; fr. se,'* apart" ; 
luo, "to loosen"] ("To loosen 
apart"; hence) 1. To unloose^ 
un/asten, nntie, unbind, etc. — 2. 
Of reins : To relax, slacken.—3, 
Of a debt, etc.: To pay. — ^, To 
/ree, release, exempt, deliver, — 
Pass. : so-lvor, Ifltus sum, Ivi. 

sSn-ns, i, m. [son-o, " to 
sound "] ("That which sonnds" ; 
hence) A noise, sound. 

sdphns, i, m. A wise man, a 
philosopher. — As Adj. : Wise, 
sfiretod [<ro^6«]. 

s5p-Xo, Ivi or Yi, Itnm, ire, 4. 
V. a. To put or lutt to sleep ; to 
cause to sleep.—Faaa. : s5p-tor, 
Itus sum, iri [akin to Sans. root 
SVAP, "tosleep"]. 

85pltns, ta, tum, P. perf. of 

sorb-XtXo, TtTonis, f. [sorb-eo, 
" to sup up"] (" Asupping-up" ; 
hcnce, "that whioh ia supped 
up " ; hencc) Broth. 

spfttXnm, Ti, n. ("A race- 



GOTXTse " ; henoe, " room, space"; 
hence) Of time : An interval^ 
periodf space [(nrafiioi/, JEolic 
form of aroBiovt ** a stadimu or 

8pScX«es, Si, f . [spec{*o, " to 
behold"] (" Thatwhich is bcheld 
or seen " ; hence) A pretencef a 
mere or fictitions appearance : 1, 

spSc-iUtixn, Qli, n. [apSc-To, 
«to behold"] ("The beholding 
thing" ; i.e. *'thethingin\rtiich 
one beholds one'8 self " ; jUilice) 
A mirror, 

8pe*s, ei, f. [for sper-8, the 
word, in some old writers, being 
f ound, in some cases, of this f orm ; 
fr. sper-o, " to hope "] Jlope. 

spIr-Xtns, Xtflg, m. [spir-o, 
" to breathe "] (" A breathing " ; 
henoe) 1. BrecUh.—2, Life. 

spSlXatns, a, um, P. perf. 
pass. of 8p6Uo : at 2, 8, 10, snp- 
ply ille=maius. 

sp5U-0, ftvi, &tnm,, 1 . v. a. 
[spoli-um, "that which is stripp- 
ed oflf "] (" To strip, or deprive, 
of covering " ; hence) To rob, 
plundeTf pillage, spoil. — Fass. : 
spSU-or, atuB snm, &rl. 

spondeo, sp6pondi, sponsum, 
spondere, 2. v. a. (" To promise 
solemnly ; to engage one'8 self " ; 
hence) Without nearer Object.: 
To beeome bail or surety. 

spon-sor, sdris, m. [for 
Epond-sor; fr. spond-So] Bail, 
surety, seeurUy: lupo sponsore, 1, 
18, 4, is Abl. Abs. [§ 125, a]. 

sponsnm, Supine in um, fr. 

stft-gnnm, gni, n. [Bt(a)-o] 
(" That which is produced by 
standing Btill" ; hence) A piece 
of standing water, a pool, pond, 

stans, ntis, P. pres. of sto. 

st&-ti[0, tI5nis, f. [8t(a)-o, 
"to stand"] ("A standing"; 
hence) An abode, dwelling-place. 

8tS,tfi-a, se, f. [statu-o, " to 
setup"] ("The thing set up"; 
hence) A statue. 

Sterc-ns, 6ris, n. Dung, ex- 
crement [for sterg-us; fr. Gr. 
crrepv-avo?, "dung"J. 

sto, stQti, st&tum, BtS,re, 1. 
v.n. ^ stand [akintoGr. a-Td-io, 
i-onj-Mi ; Sans. root stha]. 
' 8tr&-mentnm, menti, n. 
[STRA, a root of ster-no, "to 
spread out"] (" The thingspread 
out " ; hence) /^raw, Htter. 
■ strSpha, ae, f. A tridt, arti- 
fice [Gr. <rrpo^T^, " a tuming"]. 

stiid-So, tli, no supine, Sre, 2. 
V. n. To be eager or desirous [akln 
to Gr. orirovS-T/, " hasto " ; <nrov5- 
af«, "tohasten"]. 

sttLdX5s-e, adv. [sttidToR-n!!, 
"assiduons"] Assiduoushj, eare- 

sttid-Xnm, Ti, n. [stnd-eo, 
" tostudy "] Application to leam- 
ing, studying, ^udy. 

stnlt-XtXa, Ittse, f. [stult-us, 
" fooliBh *'] (" The quality of the 
stultus " ; hence) Foolishness, 

stnl-tns, ta, tnm, adj. [akin 
to BtoI-iduB, " dull "] 1. Foolish, 
silly, stupid.—AB Subst. : stnlt- 
ns, i,m. Afooliahoxsillyperson; 
a fool.—2, In adverbial foroe : 
Foolishly, stupidly. 

sttip-or, Gris, m. [stup-eo, 
"to be amazed"] ("Amaze- 
ment"; hence) 1, Dullness^gtup- 
idity.—2, A noodle, simpleton, 

snadSo, su&si, sufiBum, su&d- 
Sre, 2. V. a. To advise, recommend, 
etc: Bometimes with Dat. of re- 
mote object [$ 106, (2)] [akin to 
Sans. root bvad, " to please"]. 

siib, prep. gov. abL case. 
Under, beneath, below [akin to 
Gr. vir-<$ ; Sans. up^l, 

snb-d51-n8, a, nm, adj. [sub, 
" slightly " ; dol-us, " a trick "] 
(" Slightly havingtricks"; hence) 
Somewhat crafty, cunning, artfttl. 



silb-inde, adv. [Bitb,denoting 
"closeness" ; inde, "after tbig, 
hereupon "] 1. Clouly hereupotit 
immediately q/ter,-~2, One a/ier 
the other, 

stlblt-Of ady. [sabit-us, " sud- 
den"] Suddenlyy on a tudden. 

stibX-taBf ta, tum, adj. [atib- 
to, " to approach stealthily " ; 
through root subi] (** That ap- 
proaches, or has approached, 
stealthily " ; hence) Sudden, un- 

sattjectns, a, nm, P. perf. 
pass. of subjicio. 

subwjlclo, j§ci, jectum, jlc- 
6re, 8. v. a. [for sub-j&clo ; fr. 
sllb, " beneath " ; jaclo, ** to 
cast"] ("To cant beneath " ; 
henoe) To place a/ter, annex, sub- 
>om.~Pa3s.: sab-jlclor, jectus 
sum, jlci. 

sabllmiB, e, adj. 1. Iligh^ 
li/ted up, lo/ty, ato/t.—Aa Subst. : 
subllme, is, n. Ileight; some- 
times to be rendered, the air 
abovet the heaven. — 2. Of rank or 
condition : Exalted, o/ high rank. 

sacces-sas, sQs, m. [for suc- 
ced-sus ; fr. sncced-o, "tb besuc- 
cessful, succeed "] A good result, 
prosperous issue, success. 

sac-carro, curri andcficnrri, 
cursum, cnrr6re, 3. v. n. [forsub- 
curro ; fr. sub, " towards " ; 
curro, " to mn "] (" To run to- 
wards" ; hence) To run or 
hasten to tJie aid of a person ; to 
helpt assistf relieve, suca>ur. 

1. stli (Dat., sibi ; Acc. and 
Abl., se, or reduplicated sese), 
pron. pers. sing. and plur. O/him- 
sel/, liersel/^ itsel/, or themselces. 

2. stU, orum ; see suus. 

1. siUs, dat. and abl. plnr. of 


2. stils, gen. sing. of sns. 
som, ffli, esse, v. n.: 1. To be. 

— 2. Bst or sunt, -^ith Dat. 
r§ 107, c]: /, etc, have.—3, With 
double Dat. [} 108] : To be (/or) 

somethii^ to aome one [in pres. 
tensesakin toGr. i<r-fiC (=ei-^0, 
and Sans. root as, " to be " ; in 
perf. tenses and fnt. part. akinto 
Sans. root bhu, " to be "]. 

sam-m5vdo, mdvi, m6tum, 
m6vere [for sub-moveo ; fr. sub, 
" from below or beneath " ; 
moveo, " to move"] (" To move 
from below or beneath " ; hence) 
To send or drive away; to re- 

Bommus, a,um ; see sfipSrus. 

sfi-mo, mpsi or msi, mptnm 
or mtum, mSre, 3. v. a. [contr. 
fr. sub-emo ; fr. sub," up " ; emo, 
" to take"] 1. To take up, to lay 
hold o/. — 2. To take by choice ; 
to choose^ select.S, To appropri- 
ate to one'8 self. 

stiper, prep. gov. acc.: 1. On 
the top o/, upon,on. — 2. Ooer, above, 
— N.B. At 1, 29, 8, ahd 2, 7, 11, 
super stands after its case [virep, 

stiperb-Ia, lae, f. [superb-us, 
"proud"] ("The qualityof the 
superbus" ; hence) Pride, haughti- 
ness, arrogance, 

silper-bus, ba, bum, adj. 
[super, " above "] (" That is 
above " others ; hence) 1, Proud, 
haughty, arrogant,—2. In ad- 
verbial force : HaughtUyy arrog- 

sQpSri, omm ; see superus. 

stLpSrior, lus ; see sQperas. 

stLper-sum, ftii, esse, v. n. 
[super, "ovorand above"; sum, 
" to be '*] (•* To be over and 
above ; " hence) To be ie/t, to re- 

stipSr-u8, a, um, adj. [super, 
" above "] 1. Pos.: That is above, 
^PP^t on high. — As Subst. : 
stLpSri, omm, m. plnr. Thegods 
obove, the celestial deiiie*. — 2. 
Comp.: stLpdrlor, us, (" High- 
er " ; hence) Locally : Higher vp 
a stream, etc.—3, Sup. : summns 
(alao supremus), a, um : a. 



(" Highest" ; hence) Of degree : 
Utmost: snmmis saliens viribns, 
leaping wiih all his might or 
utmost strength [§ 113].— b. The 
highest part^ or top, of that 
denoted by the snbstantive to 
which it is in attribntion. 

sup-plex, pncis, adj. [=Bup- 
plec-e, for sup-plic-s ; fr. sub, 
"beneath"; plic-o, "tofold"] 
(" Folding or bending " the knees 
" beneath one " ; hence) Humble, 
submissive, suppliani; at 1, 24, 
6, ^vith supplici snpply tibi. — As 
Snbst.: comm. gen. A suppliant. 

siipra, prep. gov. acc. [contr. 
f r. sup^ra, adverbial adv. of snper- 
us] 1, Above, over. — 2. On the 
top o/.— N.B. At 1, 2, 20, supra 
is put after its case. 

sur-rXpXo, rlpfii, reptum, 
rTpgre, 3. v. a. [for snb-rapio ; 

fr. sub, •' secretly 


*' to snatch "] To sna/eh away se- 
eretly ; to pilfer, purloin, steal.— 
Pass.: Bur-rlptor, reptus sum, 

su-rsmn, adv. [contr. fr. sub- 
versum ; fr. sflb, ** from below " ; 
versus, " tumed "J (" Turned 
from below"; hence) Upf up- 

sus, siUs, comm. gen. A hog 
— at 2, 4, 3 and 12, a sow [Gr. ^s, 

sus-pendo, pendi, pensum, 
pendSre, 3. v. a. [forsubs-pendo ; 
fr. subs (=sub), " beneath " ; 
pendo, •* to hang '*] (*• To hang a 
thing beneath " something else ; 
hence) To hang up, to suspend: 
Euspendere pedem, to suspend the 
foot, i.e. to go softly or on tip-toe. 
— Pass. : stls-pendor, pensus 
8um, pendi. 

suspensus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass. of suspendo. 

sus-tlnSo, tlnfii, tentum, 
tlnere, 2. v. a. [for subs-teneo ; 
fr. subs (=ssub), *• up " ; teneo, 
•* to hold"] (" To hold up, sup- 

port " ; hence) To bear, endure, 
suffer, sustain. 

sustiill, perf. ind. of tollo. 

su-tor, tsris, m. [su-o, ** to 
sew "] ('• One who sews "; hence) 
A cobbler, shoemaker. 

stl-us, a, um, pron. adj. [su-i, 
•• of himself," «te.] Of, or belong- 
ing to, himself, herself, Uself, or 
themselves; his oum,her own, its 
otcn, their own.—kA Subst.: stti, 
orum, m. phur.: a. Hiscompan- 
ions or comrades: 1, 3, 6. — b. 
(a) Their young or qffspring: 2, 
4, 23. — (b) Her young or off- 
spring: 1, 30, 11. 

tSc-8o, tii, Itum, &e, 2. v. n. 
To be silent, to hold one*s peace. 

tScXt-e, adv. [tacit-as, ••sil- 
ent"] Silently. 

tactus, a, um, P. perf. pass. 
of taugo. 

t9,-lis, le, adj. Ofsuch a kind, 
such [prob. akin to a demonstr. 
pronominal root To, *' thls " ; 
and Gr. article, to]. 

tSmen, adv. [prob. a length- 
ened form of tam, '•in sofar"] 
("In so far," with adversative 
qualification) For all that, not- 
withstanding, yet, still, at least. 

tan-dem, adv. [fortaoi-dem ; 
fr. tam, " so far," with gufflx 
dem] (" Just so far •' ; hencc) At 
length, at last. 

ta(n)g-o, tetTgf, tactum, 
tangSre, 8. v. a.: 1. To touch. — 
2. Of the feelings : To move, ex- 
cite, c^ect. — Pass.: ta(n)g-or, 
tactussum, tangi [rootTAO, akin 
to Oiy-ydviMi]. 

tant-um, adv. [tant-us] 1, 
So much, so greally. — 2. 0«/y, 
merely, alone. 

tan-tus, ta,tum,adj. Ofsuch 
size or measure ; io great or lai'ge 
[akin toSans. tdvant,** so mnch"]. 

taurus, i, m. A buU [ravp^ 



te, acc. and abl. sing. of tn. 

tec-tmn, ti, n. [for teg-tum ; 
fr. teg-o, "to cover"] ("The 
covering thing " ; hence) 1. A 
roof. — 2. A roofed bwlding; a 
Tiouse, dtcellingt abode, 

tem*pas, p5ris, n. (" A sec- 
tlon, portion, division " ; heuce, 
" a portion of time, a time" ; 
hence) Time in general [aicin to 


ten-do, tStcndi, tensum or 
tentum, tendSre, 3. v. a.: 1. To 
stretch, stretch outy extend.—2. Of 
a bow : To bend.— ten- 
dort tensus or tentus sum, tendi 
[akin to rei/, root of tciVo»]. 

t8n-eo, tli, tum, gre, 2. v. a. 
[akin to ten-do] To fiold, keep, have. 

tSn-er, Sra, grnm, adj. 
("Tender"; hence) Of Under 
agey youthfuly young. 

tensns, a, um, P. perf. pass. 
of tendo. 

tenta-ns, ntls, part. pres. of 

ten-to, tavi, tatum, tare, 1. 
V. a. intens. [t6n-6o, " to hold "] 
(" To hold greatly " ; hence, " to 
handle " ; henofe) To try, prove, 
put to the test. 

tSnii-ttas, Xt&tis, f . [tenu-is, 
" thin " ; also, " poor "] (" The 
state of the tenuis" ; hence) 1. 
ITiinness, alenderness. — 2. Indig- 
enee, poverty. — 3. Low estate or 
condition : h5mluum tfiniiltas, 
ihe low estate of men, i.e. persons 
in a humble sphere qf life. 

tergns, Sris, n. (" A back " ; 
hence, the part being pnt for the 
vrhole) The body, or carcase, of 
on animal. 

ter-ra, rae, f. ("The dry 
thing " ; henoe) 1. The earth as 
opposed to the sea, air, or heav- 
ens.— 2. Tfie eartft ; i.e. land, 
ground, soil [prob. akin to Gr. 
rtp-a-onai, "to be, or become, 
dry" ; Sans. rootTRiSHorTABSH, 

terr-So, fii, Xtum, ere, 3. v. a. 
To frighten, terrify. — Pass. : 
terr-fior, Itus sum, eri [akin to 
Sans. root tras, " to tremble " ; 
in causative force, " to cause to 

terrltus, a, um, P. perf.pass. 
of terreo. 

terr-or, oris, m. [terr-eo] 
Fright, alarm, terror, 

ter-tXus, tla, tlum, adj. [trcs, 
t(e)r-ium, "three"] (" Pertain- 
ing to tres** ; hence) Third, 

test-ImOnXum, Im5nli, n. 
[test-or, " to bear witness "] (" A 
bearing witness " ; hence) Wit- 
ness, evidenee, testimony. 

testis, is, comm. gen. A wU" 

test-or, atus sum, ari, 1. 
V. dep. [test-is] 1, To bear wU- 
ness or testimony to; to depose to; 
to giveevidence of; to attest, testify, 
— 2. To prooe,demonstrcUe. 

test-Qdo, Qdlnis, f. [test-a, 
" a sheU "] (" The having a 
shell " ; " the one having a 
shell " ; hence) A tortoise. 

tStlgSro, fat. perf. ind. of 

thSsaurus, i, m. A treasure 

Tiberius, Ti, m. Tiberius; 
the third Boman cmperor; see 

tXbi, dat. sing. of tu. 

tiCsil-lum, li, n. dim. [for 
tigin-lnm ; fr. tignum, tig(i)n-i, 
" a log "] A small or lUtle log. 

ti^ens, utis, P. pi-es. of 

t&n-So, tii, no sup., §re, 2. 
V. n. and a. 1. Neut. : To be 
afraid or fearful; to fear,—2, 
To be afraid of,fear, dread. 

tlm-Idus, Ida, Idum, adj. 
[tIm-6o, "tofear"] Timid. 

tXm-or, dris, m. [id.] Fear, 
dread, alarm, 

tinctus, a, um, P. perf. pass. 
of tingo. 



" tingo, tinxi, tinctum, ting- 
fere, 3. V. a. To toett or moisten, 
'wlUiorinaliquid. — ^Paes.: ting- 
or, tinctus snm, tingi [reVy- 

tintinna-biilam, bfili, n. 
[tintinn(a)-o,"to tinkle or ring "] 
(" That which brings abont the 
tinkling or ringing"; hence) A 

toMo, sustQli, sublatum, toll- 
Sre, 3. V. a. : 1. To l{/t or take 
up. — 2. To take away or carry 
offl—B.t 2, 9, 23, tollere is a sub- 
stantival inf . forming the subject 
of est [§ 140, 1].— 3. Of a clam- 
our, etc.i To raise [root tol, akin 
to Sans. root tul, " to lif t " ; 
Gr. tA-oUo, " to bear "]. 

torqn-So, torsi, torsum and 
tortum, torqnere, 2. v. a.: 1. To 
tuniy tum abotUf ttoist, bend. — 2. 
To racky torture, torment [akin to 
Gr. TpcV-w, *' to tum"]. 

tOtOB, a, um (Gen., totlus; 
Dat., toti), adj. (•' Increaaed " ; 
hence) Hie tchole, entire, all of 
that denoted by the substantiYe 
to which it is in attribution 
[akin to Sans. root tu, in mean- 
ing of " to increase "]. 

tozXcnm, i, n. (A poison in 
which arrows were dipped; 
hence) Poison in general [ro|t- 
Kov, *'a thing pertaining to a 

trS,-do, dXdi, dTtnm, dSre, 3. 
V. a. [from tr» (=trans), **a- 
cross" ; do, **togive"] (" Togive 
across" ; hence) 1. To give up, 
deliver, transmit, mrrender. — 2. 
To rekUe, narrate, account:—&b 
1, 27, 4 traditum est (impersonal 
verb) haa for its subject the fore- 
goingclause, canes . . . rapiantnr 
[157].— Faas. : trft-dor, dltus 
Bum, di. 

trftgXcns, a, um, adj. Relat' 
ing to or tued in tra^edy; tragic 
[rpaYiKos, **pertaining to a 
goat " ; hence, " tragic "]. - ' _ 

tr&henB, ntis, F. pres. of 

trfih-o, traxi, tractum, tr&h- 
6re, 3. V. a. : 1. To draw, drag, 
drag along.—2. Of the breath: 
To draw.—S. Of exi&tence : To 
drag out ; i.e. to pass or spend 
with discomf ort, etc, 

trans-fio, Ivi or li, Ttum, Ire, 
V. a. irreg. [trans, "beyond"; 
eo, *' to go "] 1. To go beyond.— 
2. To go or pass through. 

trepXd-e, adv. (trgpld-us, 
** restless "] Restlessly, hurriedly, 

trlb-nnus, tini, m. [trlb-us, 
" a tribe "] ('* One i^ertaining to 
a tribus " ; hence) A tribune—sA, 
2, 6, 2 Tribunus means ** Tri- 
bune of the Feople." Tiberius, 
about B.c. 6, was invested by 
Augustus with the Tribunician 
power f or five years ; when, from 
some nnexplained cause, he re- 
tired to Bhodes, and lived there 
for seven or eight years. 

trlb-tlo, tii, Htiun, ii§re, 3. 
V. a. [perhaps trib-us, *• a tribe "] 
(*• To assign to a tribe " ; hence) 
With Dat. [§ 106, (3)] : To assign, 
cUIot, impart, bestow, give. 

tristls, e, adj. Sad, sorrow- 
fvX, d^eded, melancholy [prob. 
akin to San9. root tras, ** to 
tremble, be afraid "; and so, 
literally, **trembling, afraid"]. 

trit-Icmu, Ici, n. [prob. 
trit-us, "a rubbing"] ("The 
thing pertaining to tritus " ; i.e. 
•• the rubbed thing"; hence, as 
beingrubbedfromtbeear) Wheat. 

txl-vl-mn, Ii,n. [tres, tri-nm, 
*'three"; vi-a, "a way"] ("A 


thing pertaining to three wajs 
henoe) 1. A place where three 
roads meet; a cross rood.— 2. A 
public ^reet, highway, 

trtl-cldo, cid&vi, cidatum, 
cldare, 1. v. a. [for truc-caedo; 
fr. trux, trtlc-is, " fierce " ; caedo, 
** to slay "1 (** To slay fieroely " ; 
hence) To Kew or cut to pieces 



cruelly ; to slaugfiter, day, butdier, 
masaaere. — Faas.: tra-cldori 
ddfttai snm, cld&ri. 

tniB-Xto, Itftvi, Itfttnm, Itftre, 
1. V. a. intens. [trus-o, '* to push 
often or strongly "] To ptuh o/len 
or ttror^ly, — Paas.: trtls-Xtor, 
Xtfttns Bum, Xt&ri. 

tn (Oen., ttd ; Dat., tibi), 
pron. peis. Thou, you [tv, Doric 
form of ov]. 

tti-6or, Ytne eum, eri, 2. v. 
dep. (" To look upon " ; hence, 
with acoeaaory notion of care or 
protection) To protect, d^end^ 

ttlg-tirXmn, firti, n. [for teg- 
tlrlnm ; fr. tgg-o, "to cover"] 
(" The covering thing " ; henoe, 
" a hnt *' ; hence) Of dogs : A 
hutch, kennel, 

tam, adv. [prohably from 
eame root as talis ; see talis] At 
that timey then. 

tOmens, ntis, P. pres. of 

ttbn-8o, tU, no sup., £re, 2. 
T. n. To be tumlleny to svoeU: 
hordeo tnmentes, {meUing toith 
harley; I.e.) crammed futt of, or 
filM. ufUhy harley. 

tnn-o, adv. [apocopated and 
changed from tum-ce ; fr. tum, 
"at thattime " ; demonstr. snfflx 
ce] At the very tinie, at that time, 

ttlnXca, 8B, f. A tunic; an 
nnder-garment of the Roman», 
"wom by both sexes. 

tnrba, ae, f. ('* Disorder " ; 
hence) A crowd, throng, muUi- 
tude [akin to tvo/St}]. 

tnrb-o, avi, atum, ftrc, 1. 
V, a. [turb-a, " disturbance "] 
(" To cause disturbance to, to 
disturb " ; hence) Of water : To 
trouble; to make thick or turhid, 
— Pass.: tnrb-or, atus sum, 

tnrb-iilentnB, Hlenta, illent- 
mn, adj. [id.] (" FuU of turba'\i 

henoe, "dlsturbea"; hence) Of 
liquids : Troubled, muddy, turhid, 

tnrp-is, e, adj. (" XJgly, un- 
sightly " ; hence) Morally : Shame^ 
ful, disgraaful, bcue, dishonour- 

tnrp-Xter, adv. [turp-is, 
" disgracefiil "] Diagracefullyt 
shamtfully, basely, 

Tuscns, a, um, adj. 0/, or 
belonging to, Tuseany ; Tuscan. 

tntandns, a, um, Gernndive 
of tutor. 

tut-or, atns snm, ftri, 1. 
V. dep. [tnt-us, "safe"] (" To 
make safe " ; hence) To protect, 

tH-tus, ta, tum, adj. [ttl-j^or, 
"to protect"] (" Protected " ; 
hence) Sqfe. 

tfi-ns, a, um, pron. adj. [tu] 
Belonging to ihee or you, thy, 
thxne, your, 

tjhrannns, i, m. : 1. Origin- 
ally : A monarch, sovereign, who 
obtained supreme power contrary 
to the institntions of hiscountry ; 
opposed to /SacrtXevf , an heredit- 
ary poasessor of royalty.— 2^ A 
despot, tyrant [rupawoi'}. 

ii-bi, adv. '[akin to qui] 1.: 
a. Jn uthieh place, vhere. — ^b. In 
what place, where f — 2. When [§ 

ul-lns, la, lum (Gen.: nllius; 
Dat.: uUi), adj. dim. [fornn-lus ; 
fr. un-us, " one "] Any one, any. 

ultr-o, adv. [obeol. adj. ulter, 
nltr-i, "that is beyond"] (••Be- 
yond, on the further side " ; 
hence) On his, ctc., part ; of one's 
oum, accord, voluntarily. 

n-nde, adv, [for cn-ndc ; fr. 
qu-i] 1. From which place, 
u}hence.—2. By what means, 

ung^s, is, m. Of birds : A 
clatc, talon [akin to on;^]. 

fln-us, a, nm (Gen., unlus; 
Dat,, oni), adj, : 1. Or«.— 2. 



Alone, onlp: nnns, he (l.e. t?ie 
Sm) alone or toithout anyone eUey 
1, 6, 7 [akin to tU, kv-6il. 

nrb-s, is, f. [probably urb-o, 
"to mark out by a plough"] 
(*' That which is marked out by a 
plough"; hence) A walled toum, 

ur-na, nae, f. A wcUer-poty 
tpater-jar [akin to Sans. pdr, 

usn-rp-o, &vi, atnm, &re, 1. 
V. a. [for usu-rap-o ; fr. usus, 
nncontr. gen. usil-is, '* use " ; 
rap-io, " to seize "] (" To «eize to 
one'8 own use " ; hence) To make 
use o/, tuey employ. 

ut, adv. and conj. : 1. Adv.: 
a. [§ 149] : In tchat mannery hoWy 
a».—\i. [§ 153, (1)] : When.—2, 
Conj. : a. [§ 152, i (1)] : That, ao 
that.—\i, [§ 162, i, (2)] : To the 
end that, in order that. 

ut-cumqne, adv. [Qt,"how"; 
indefinite sufl^ cumque] 1. How- 
ever, howsoever, in what way 
toever. — 2. At whateoer ttme, 

ttter-(iue, utr&-que, utrum- 
que, adj. [uter, "one or the 
other " ; qne, " and "] One and 
theother; hoth; each. 

Gt-His, fle, adj. [ut-or, "to 
nse " 1 (" That may, or can, be 
nsed ; hence) Useful, service- 
able, profitable, advantageous : — 
aometimes with Dat. [§ 106, (8)]. 
B®" Comp.: flttl-Ior. 

utn-Xtas, Itatis, f. [utn is, 
" advantageous "] (" The qnality 
of the iitilis " ; hence) Advantage, 
proftty ben^. 

uzorf Oris, f. A wi/e, a 

▼ac-ca, csBy f. A cow [prob- 
ably Sans. vaga (fem. of ukshan, 

▼S.d-um, i, n. [vado, "to 
go"] (" That through which one 

Phoed. I. and n. j^ 

can go"; hence) 1. A shallow, 
sfioal. — 2m A body of water^ a 
stream. — 3. Of a v/ell : The bot- 

vftgrans, ntis, P. pres. of 

vSg:-or, atus snm, &ri, 1. y. 
dep. [vag-u8, " wandering "] To 
wander about; to roam, rambley 
range, rove. 

vSI-8o, Gi, Ttum, ere, 2. y. n.: 
1. Tobe strongy stout, or vigorous, 
— 2. To be well in health, to be 
healthy. — 3. To have strength, 
forccy orpower; toprevail [prob. 
akin to Sans. bal-a, " strength "]. 

v&Ud-e, adv. [valid-us, 
" strong"] 1. Strongly, mightilv. 
— 2. Urgently, pressingly. WSS' 
Comp.: vfllld-Ius. 

vlUIdXus, comp. adv. ; see 

va-nu8, na, num, adj. 
("Empty"; hence) Idle, null, 
fruitlesSy groundless, useless, vain. 

vSrl-Stas, &tatis, f. [vari-uR. 
"differenfj ("The quality of 
the varius " ; henoe) Difference, 
diversity, varieiy. 

vastans, ntis, P. pres. of 

vast-O, avi,- fttum, ftre, 1. v. a. 
[vast-us] To lay waste, devastatey 

vastus, a, um, adj. (" Waste" ; 
hence) Hugey immense, enortnous, 

vSlim, pres. subj. of volo. 

vellem, imperf. subj. of volo. 

VSI-OX, Ocis, adj. Swift,fleet, 
quick, rapid, speedy. 

vSnans, ntis, P. pres. of ven- 
or, " to hunt." — As Subst. (Gen. 
Plur., venantftm, 1, 12, 7), m. A 

ven9,-tor, toris, m. [ven(a)- 
or, " to hunt"] A hunter. 

vend-Ito, Itavi, Itfttum,Itare, 
1. V. a. freq. [vend-o, " td put to 
sale "] (" To put often to sale " ; 
hence) 1. To cffer a^ain and 



againforaale^ to try io tell. — 2. 
To ery up, extol, commend. 

v6n-8o, Ivi or li, Itum, Ire, 4. 
V. n. [ven-U8 or ven-um, ** sale"; 
eo, " to go "] (" To go to sale " ; 
hence) To be sold. 

vSn-Xa, I8B, f.: 1. Favour, in- 
dulgence, kindness. — 2. Pardon 
[akin to Sane. root vax, •' to 

vSnfens, ntifl, P. pres. of 
venio ; at 2, 5, 8 supply eum (i.e. 
Tiberium) with venienfem. 

vdnXo, v6ni, ventum. vBnire, 
4. V. n. To come. — At 1, 1, 1, 
venerant is in plur., becanse it 
has a composite subject, viz. 
lupus et agnns [§ 92]. 

v6n-or, atus sum, ftri, 1. v. 
dep. To hunt, chcue. 

venter, tris, m. A beUy [prob. 
fr. Ivrtp-ov, ** the entrails," with 
the digamma prefixed]. 

verb-5sTi8, Osa, Osum, adj. 
[verb-um] Full o/ words, wordy, 

verbam, i, n. A word. 

v6r-e, adv. [ver-us, " true "] 

v6r-Sor, Ytns sum, Sri, 2. v. 
dep. Tofear^ be afraid of, dread. 

v6r-Xta8, Itfttis, f. [ver-ns, 
"true"] ("The quaUty of the 
ver-w"\ hence) Truth. 

v6r-o, adv. [id.] 1, /» trutht 
really, certainly, surely, cusuredly. 
— 2. But infact, btU in deed^ ?iow- 

ver-80, sftvi, s&tnm, sfire, 1. 
V, a. intens. [for vert-so ; fr. vert- 
o, "to tum"] To turn much or 
ofien, — PasB. : ver-sor, sfttus 
snm, sftri ; In reflexive foice : 
(" To keep tnming iteelf about "; 
hence) To be placed or put; to 

ver-sns, sfls, m. [for vert- 
sns; fr. vert-o] ("A tuming" ; 
hence, of that in which tuming 
takes place or is implied ; " a 
furrow " ; also, •* aline or row " ; 

hence, "a llne" in writing; 
hence, in poetry) A verse. 

verto, verti, versum, vertfere, 
8. V. a. To turn [akin to Sana. 
root v^rr, " to tnra "]. 

1. ver-nm, adv. [ver-us, 
"true"] 1. Truly, just so. — 2. 

2. v6rmu, i ; see verus. 
v6r-as, a, um, adj. True.— 

Aa Subst.: v6mm, i, n. The 

vesc-or, no perfect, vesci, 3. 
V. dep. To feed upon, to ecU, to 
take asfood. 9W This verb is 
nsually followed by an ablative 
case [5 119, a], see 2, 7, 13 ; but 
sometimes it governs an aocusa- 
tive : see 1, 33, 11 [akin to esc-a, 
" food •' ; or perhaps Gr. /3do-ic-M, 

ves-ter, tra, tram, pron. adj. 
[for vos-ter; fr. voa, ** yon'''} 

vSt-ns, eris, adj. (" That haa 
existed for years " ; henoe) Old, 
aneient [prob. akin to f eV-o; , " a 

vi, abl. sing. of vis. 

vl-a, 8B, f. (" The thing that 
carries or conveys " ; henoe) A 
road, way [probably Sans. vaha, 
"a road," fr. root vah, to 
carry "]. 

vXa-tor, tflris, m. [vi(a).o, 
"to go or travel "] ^ traveller, 

vlc-Inus, Ina, Inum, adj. 
[vic-us, " a street," <?te.] (" Of, or 
belonging to, a vicus "; hence) 1. 
Near, neighbouring. — 2. Of time : 
Near, dose. WBT C!omp.: vlcln- 

vXcis, em, e; plnr. vlo-es, 
Tbus (other cases wanting), f. 
Change, interchange^ aUernation, 

vic-tor, tOris, m. [vi(n)c-o, 
"to conquer*'] A conqueror, — 
AsAdj.: Vidorious. 

1. victus, a, nm, P. perf . paas. 
of vinco. 

2. vio-tiis, t09, m. [for vigv- 



tus ; fr. viGV, root of viv-o, " to 
live"J ("A living" on some- 
thing ; hence) Food^ victuals. 

vXd-do, vidi, vlsum, vldere, 2. 
V. a. To seet behold, perceive. — 
Fass.: vXd-Sor, vlsus sum, vtd- 
eri. — a. To be seen.— \i, To be 
looked upon or regarded in any 
way ; to seem, appear. — Impers. 
Pass.: visum est, it has stemed 
good {to me) [akin to Gr. l^'«lv ; 
Sans. root vid, " to perceive " ; 
originally " to see "]. 

vXgU-o, &vi, atum, ftre, 1. v. n. 
[vigil, " watchful "] To be icatch- 
fuly to watch. 

vHis, e, adj. (" Of small 
price " ; hence) Poor, pcdtry, vile. 

vil-la, lae, f. [probably for 
vic-la; fr. vic-us, *'a village"] 
(" A thing pertaining to a vicus"; 
hence) A country fiouse, country 
seat,/arm, villa. 

vill-Icus, Ici, m. [vill-a] 
(" One pertainibg to a villa" ; 
hence) An overseer qf a fann ; a 
steicard, bailiff. 

vi(n)c-o, vld, vlctum, vinc- 
6re, 3. v. a. [root vic] To conquer, 
vanquish, oeercome, 

vlndXc-o, avi, &tum, are, 1. 
V. a. (" To lay legal clalm to " ; 
hence) To avenge, revenge, punish 
a wrong. 

vin<Uc-ta. tSB, f. [vindic-o, 
*• to avenge " J (" The avenging 
thing " ; hence) Vengeance, re- 
venge, punishment. 

vI-81o, 51Avi, 5iatum, 51&re, 1. 
V. a. [vi-s, " violence"] (" Totreat 
wlthviolence"; hence) Tovioiate, 
profane, etc. 

vir, vlri, m.: 1. A man.—2. 
A husband [akin to Gr. ijp-u; ; 
Sans. vir-a, " a hero "]. 

"vlrXbns, dat. and abl. plnr. 
of vis. 

'^^r-Idis, Ide, adj. [vlr-6o, " to 
be green"] Oreen. — A,a Sabst.: 
vlridla, lum, n. plur. Oreen 
plants; herbs, trees. 

vir-tus, tfltia, f. [vir, "a 
man"] ("The quality of the 
vir"; hence) 1. Manliness, eour- 
age, bravery, boldness, valour. — 
2. Worth, exceUence.—S, Virtue, 

1. vis, vifl (plur.: vires), f. 
1. Strength, potoer, might, — 2. 
Violence [f 15]. 

2. vis, 2. pera. sing. pres. 
indic. of volo. 

visTis, a, um, P. perf. pass. o£ 

-vl-ta, tae, f . [for viv-ta ; fr. 
viv-o, " to live "] (" That which 
is lived"; hence) 1, Xi/e.— 2. 
Mode of life, conduct. 

"vltans, ntis, P. pres. of vito. 

vit-o, ftvi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
To avoid, shun, try to escape. — 
Pass. : "vlt-or, &tns sum, afi. 

vXtiilQS, i, m. A ca//[tToA6s]. 

vXtii-p8r-o, &vi, &tum, are, 
1. V. a. [usually considered to be 
for viti-par-o; fr. viti-um, "a 
blemish"; paro, "to prepare"] 
("To prepare, or get ready, a 
blomish." etc. ; hence) To find 
fault with, blame, reprove. 

"vlv-o, vixi, victum, viv6re, 3. 
V. n. To live [akin to Sans. root 

vlv-as, a, um, adj. [vlv-o, 
" to live "] Living, alive. 

vix, adv. With diffieUlty, 
hardly, scarcely, barely. 

vSlans, ntis, P. pres. of volo. 

1. v51-o, ftvi, atum, are, 1. 
V. n. To fly, 

2. v51o, v51iii, velle, v. irr^.: 
1, To be willing. — 2. To wish, de- 
sire ; sometimes folld. by simple 
Subj. [§ 154] [akin to Gr. ^oA, 
root of p6\-oiJiai — poiv)\-ofiai, 
" to wish " ; and Sans root V91, 

v5I-tLcer, IScris, ficre, adj. 
[vol-o, *to fly"] ("Made or 
formed for flying " ; hence) 
Wingedfflying. — As Subst.: v6I- 
ticrls, is, f. ("A winged crea- 
ture " ; hence) A bird. 

H 2 



ySlnSro, fnt. perf . ind. of 2. 

v51til, perf. ind. of 2. v51o. 

vSldissem, pluperf. Bobj. of 
2. vMo. 

voBf nom. voc. and aoc. plur. 
of tu. 

vox, vOcis, f. [for voc-8 : fr. 
v5c-o, "to call out"] ("That 
whlcli calls out" ; hence) 1. A 
voice.—2, A saying, speech, etc. 

vnlgrus, i, m. and n. The 
common people; the multiiude, 
populace [sometimes referred to 
Gr. oxAo$, -ffiolic oAxo9, Cretan 
ir6\xo^ ; sometimes to Sans. 
varga, " a multitude " of similar 

vuln-us, Sris. n. A wound 

^ vulpes, is, f. A fox [akin to 


vulp-Inus, Ina, Inum, arlj. 
[vnlp-es, "a fox"] 0/, or be- 
longing tn, a fox, — At 1, 30, 3, 
vulpinos ia put in the place of 
dependent ^en. vnlpis. 

vulttir-XuB, II, m. [a Jength- 
ened form of vultur, " a vulture"] 
A vulture. 

vul-tUB, tfls, m. [probably 
for vol-tus ; fr. vol-o, " to wish "] 
(" The wishing or expressing 
one'fl wish " by thelooks ; hence) 
1. Expreasion of countenance ; 
features, \ooks, or mien. — 2. Th€ 
face, countenance. 

[akin to Sans. vran-a, " a zystus, i, m. An open colon- 

nocftf ,* a tra/A: planted with trees, 
' etc. [fucrw]. 

wound " ; fr. root vban, " to 


aooXpYter, tris, m. A Mwk. \ elOrX-or, &ta8 sum, ftri, l.r. 

•• ■ ■ l.|dep. [gl6rl-a, "boasting"] To 

ddc-em, num. adj. indecl 
ten: — see afflrmo at end [akin to 
Sans. da^-an, (Jr. 8eK-a, " ten"]. 

fur-tlm, adv. [fflr-or, "to 
Bteal"] (" By asteaUog "; hence) 
By stealthj secretly. 

glory, boaat, vaunt, pride one*» 
seJf, etc. :-Hat 1, 8, 1, folld. by 
pnlvls, eris, m. Duit, 

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